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Holy Trioitj (Old Swedes) Clmrcli, 


FROM 1697 TO 1773. 

Translated from thk Original Swedish by 
Horace Burr, with an abstract 

FROM 1773 TO 1810. 






ycs> '^> .^S3 - f.D ' 



I have not attempted to render the old Swedish in which 
these records were written, into modern book English, but have 
made a very literal translation, following the style of the writer, 
though antiquated, ibr to do otherwise would often have been to 
paraphrase rather than strictly translate. A translator of history, 
fiction, etc., is expected to render the facts, ideas, etc., of the 
author, into good literary English, divested as much as possible 
of the idiomatic peculiarities of the original, at the same time 
retaining its general tone and spirit ; but in translating simple 
records like these, it seems to me best to render the words and 
sentences in simple equivalent English, without altering the 
quaintness of expression and peculiar construction of the sen- 
tences any more than is necessary to make the meaning intel- 

In transcribing the names of persons -I have followed the 
spelling of the recorder, t'xcept where there was an evident 
mistake or slip of the pen. 

• It will be seen that the names of persons not Swedes have 
been spelt as they would sound to the Swedish ear, and many of 
them very differently from their proper English orthography. 

It will be observed that the orthography of Swedish names 
was constantly changing, and generally in the direction of the 
elision or dropping out of letters. 


It will also be noticed that most of the real Swedish simames 
end in *'son.*' 

The Bond^ or agricultural population of Sweden had no sir- 
names at the time of the emigration, nor have they even now. 
The oldest son takes the father's name, as for instance, Johan 
the son of Johan, would be Johan Johansson, and all the other 
sons, Peter, Carl, etc, would be Peter Johansson, in English, 
Johnsson ; and tjie daughters take dotter, as Brita Johansdotter. 

After their settlement here among English and other nation- 
alities, who had already adopted simames for all classes, the 
father's name naturally became the family name, but the pecu- 
liarity of spelling with two s' continued for a long time, and 
Paulsson was the correct spelling until a quite recent date. 

In some cases the termination son was left off and the adopted 
simame more or less changed; as Justa Justasson became Justa 
Justus or Justis. 

Some names have been so changed that the origin has been 
lost sight of, as for instance, Derickson was Didriksson or 
Richardsson and Poulson was Paulsson, the son of Paul, and 
spelt with a broad **a.*' 

Several Dutch names had come in by intermarriage, as Van 
de Wer, Walrawen, Van Culen, etc., but they were most of them 
changed gradually, as Van de Wer into Vandever, etc. 

The clergy were mostly from the classes of gentry, or descended 
from citizens or tradesmen, whose simames had come from 
estates, occupations, place of- residence, etc. 

It will be noticed that the names of many of the clergy 
terminated in **ius,** as Hes.«5elius, Lidenius, Girelius, etc. This 
came from the almost universal custom in different parts of 
Europe at that time to Latinize, the names of scholars and clergy- 
men, as for instance, in Holland Hugo Grotius was originally 
Hugh de Groot, and where they could not euphoniously change 
:the sirname, they at least changed the baptismal one, as Ericus 
';Bjork, Andreas Rudman, etc. 

The Swedish colonists were almost exclusively agriculturists, 
and their mechanical skill seems to have been only adequate to 
building their plain log houses, and making log canoes, carts, 
sleds, etc., so that when they built the church they engaged their 


masons, carpenters, and sawyers, from the English in Phila- 
delphia. They were^good judges of land and located their farms 
frequently distant from each other wherever a good spot was 
found, and the few hundreds were scattered on the west side of 
the Delaware, from St. Georges on the south to the falls at 
Trenton on the north and along the inflowing water courses, and 
on the east side from the lower end of Penn's Neck to the 
region around and some distance above Raccoon creek, now 

Their principal means of conveyance and travel being the log 
canoe rendered it necessary to locate near the river and creeks, 
and in their canoes they crossed the Delaware, or came down the 
creeks to church while navigation was open. Canoe making 
seems to have been followed as a business but could not have 
been very remunerative, as the one recorded to have been bought 
by the people on the north side of the Christina and given to 
those who were accustomed to come by the way of New Castle 
from the Jersey side to save their ferriage over the Christina 
was bought entirely new for twentj* shillings country currency. 

The Swedes were a religious folk and almost all public 
interest centered in their church and its ordinances. 

They were very particular about the baptism of their children, 
most of whom were baptized before a week old, and many by the 
third day, and if by chance any neglected child was growing up 
without baptism, it became a matter of public concern. 

They were very careful for the good morals of their community, 
and if any were walking disorderly, the most judicious among 
the church officers or members were selected and instructed to 
visit them and use all proper means to reform them. 

The people built their own churches and purchased the glebe 
farms attached to each of them, and erected the necessary build- 
ings for their ministers without any assistance from Sweden. 

They also paid the salaries of the ministers while here, and 
contributed the necessary money for their passage back when 
they returned to Sweden. 

The ministers nearly all married wives here from among their 
parishioners, and those who returned to Sweden sometimes were 
accompanied with several native American children. Several of 


them died here while engaged in their ministr>', their widows 
and children remaining, from whom there are many descendants 
among the present population of Wilmington and surrounding 

The Kings of Sweden, after the ministers had been selected 
by the ecclesiastical authority, commissioned them and paid the 
expense of their passage over, and also granted a certain sum as 
extra remuneration for whichever acted as provost over the 
churches, and sometimes furnished a preacher extraordinary as 
a general assistant at hi own expense. 

The Kings also on several occasions made gifts of bibles and 
religious books to the churches. 

There were no missionary organizations in Sweden, nor were 
there any in England till after the coming of Rudman and Bjork, 
though the society for the propagation of the gospel in foreign 
parts, was formed in England soon after, and as will be seen by 
the records, the Swedish ministers were its beneficiaries for 
services rendered vacant English churches. 

Two of the ministers, Messrs. Tranburg and Borell are buried 
in the church, and several children of ministers also. 
^ It was esteemed great honor to the dead to bury their remains 
within the walls of the sacred edifice. 

The floor being made of stone and bricks, could readily be 
removed for such burial. 

How long the custom continued, or how many were buried, is 

Religious services were first held at Christina, but not long 
after at Tennekong. 

The lower congregation embraced those on the other side of 
the Delaware below Raccoon Creek, extending down to Penn's 
Neck, and the upper from Raccoon Creek upwards. 

After the building of the churches at Raccoon and Penn's 
Neck, the two mother congregations were confined to the west 
side of the river, the lower embracing all below the neighbor- 
hood of Marcus Hook and Chester, the upper, those above; 
eventually comprising the congregations of Wicacoe, Kingses- 
sing and Upper Merrion in one parish, which are now separate 
churches. Christina and Wicacoe always remained the leading 


churches and the provost or commissary was usually rector of 
one or the other of them. 

The upper and lower congregations were before the coming of 
Rudman and Bjork, sometimes ministered to by seperate clergy- 
men and sometimes by the same one alternately, but when there 
were two in the country each seems to have had its own minister. 

The clergymen preceding, Rudman and Bjork, were Riorus* 
Torkillus who came over with Minewe in 1638, and died in Fort 
Christina, September 7, 1643. He was undoubtedly buried at 
the southern end of the present church. 

John Campanius who returned to Sweden in 1648. The Rev. 
Israel Holgh and the Rev. Mr. Peter who returned to Sweden 
sometime after Campanius. 

The Rev. Lars Lock or Lokenius who was for years the only 
minister, and served both congregations, Christiana and Tenna- 
kong^ but mostly the Christina or Cranehook. He became 
very infirm during the last years of his life, and died in 1688. 

Jacob Fabricius who was not a Swede was engaged by thf 
upper congregation in 1677, and officiated in the lower church 
also, after the failure of the health of Lock, though he was blind 
for nine or eleven years before his death, which occured in 1693, 
or soon after, which leaves both churches entirely destitute of 
ministers for four or five years. 

After the people of other nationalities settled among the 
Swedes, intermarriages became frequent especially of the Swedish 
women, who seem to have been more numerous than the other 

The result of these intermarriages was, that a very considerable 
part of the population of Wilmington and the surrounding coun- 
try, except those families who have come in within the last half 
century, are in a greater or lesser degree of Swedish descent. 

Indeed, it is rare that among the older families one is to be 
foimd that has not more or less of Swedish blood. 

The exceptions are found mostly among the Friends or Quak- 
ers, whose tenets forbade marr3ring out of their denomination, 
though occasionally a Quaker girl fell in love with and married 
a Swede. 

The Swedish Ministers held a sort of pastoral relation to the 


whole population, as it will be seen from the records that more 
than nine-tenths of the baptisms and marriages had no direct 
connection with Trinity Church, and the influence of those edu- 
cated and refined Christian gentlemen, undoubtedly was a great 
power for good in the formation of the character of the p>eople. 
destitute as they were of adequate religious training and 

Without depreciating the influence and labors of others, it may 
be truly said that the body of Swedish clergy, together with the 
English Missionaries of the Society for the propagation of the 
the Qospel, with whom they were always in accord, were, during 
the century preceding ours, the principal formative moral influ- 
ence throughout this region of the country, and their memory 
should be gratefully revered by succeeding generations. 

From January, 1773, the records were written in Knglish, 
mostly in the handwriting of Mr. Girelius, and I have tran- 
scribed them and also those pertaining to the amendment of the 
charter, with an abstract of the records and the baptisms and 
marriages to the end of Mr. Clarkson's rectorship in 1799. 

I have omitted the names of the witnesses or sponsors at bap- 
tisms, after giving a few examples, or in cases of special interest, 
and also the burials after the coming of Mr. Acrelius, as they 
would add to the size of the work, and are of less importance 
than births, baptisms and marriages. 

The venerable structure, the histor>' of the building of which is 
related in these records, is now in an excellent state of preserva" 
tion, and a goodly congregation statedly worship within its 
consecrated walls. Long may it stand, a monument to the 
memory of its projector and builder, the zealous, earnest and 
patient Eric Bjork and his faithful fellow-laborers, a blessing to 
the surrounding inhabiUnts, and an object of veneration and 
care of the citizens of Wilmington, whether they trace their 
descent from those who helped to rear its walls or, are of other 
lineage. H. B. 


Church of the Holy Trinity 








IN THE YEAR 1699. 


July 2d. J6gy. — (a) After' I, together with my col- 
leagues Magister Andreas Rudman, and the Honor- 
worthy Herr Jonas Aureen, had given notice of our 
arrival at Philadelphia to Vice-Governor William Mark- 
ham showing him our passport with the King's (King 
William) own hand and seal, giving liberty of passage 
from England over to this place, dated at Kensing- 
ton, November, 22, 1696, and the Vice-Governor had 
assured and promised us all possible favor and assist- 
ance, were we assembled for the first time with the 
congregation in the Crane Hook Church, using the 
same manner of proceeding as with the congregation 
at Wicacoe, when we met with them the first time 
on the 30th of June, bringing to them salutations from 
Sweden both generally and individually and reading to 

1st, — Their own letter to Sweden asking for two 
Priests and for certain books, &c., dated on Dela- 
ware River in Pennsylvania, May 3, 1693, in order that 
they might hear it, and acknowledge it, which they did. 

2nd, — Then I read His Royal Magesty's (King Charles 
XI of Sweden) letter to the Archbishop, dated at Stock- 
holm, Februar}^ 18, 1695, instructing him to select 
Priests to be sent with another. 

jtf. — Royal letter dated Stockholm, Februar}- 18, 

(a) Mr. Bjork's diary and record was copied into this book under his super- 
vision and with occasional corrections in his own hand and the latter 
part written by himself. 


1696, enclosing an answer from the Archbishop in 
which he asks that the Priests who are selected and will 
undertake the journey, may after some years be allowed 
to come back again, when they, agreeably to God's will, 
shall be so pleased, or some cause shall necessitate their 
return, and others be sent over in their place. To which 
His Magesty graciously assented with assurance of pro- 
motion at a fitting opportunity. 

4^A, — Then I read His Royal Magesty's own letter to 
the congregations, dated Stockholm, July 15, 1696^ 
stating what books His Magesty had graciously sent 
to them, being a great many more than they had peti- 
tioned for. 

jtk. — And then the most Worthy Archbishop, Dr. 
Olaus Swebillius' commission and authority for our office 
and his statement of what were the duties of our charge, 
according to the word of God, and what were the duties 
of the congregation with respect to us, which was dated 
Upsula, June 25, 1696. 

d/A. — And lastly I read the letter of the Swedish 
Minister at the Court of London, Herr Charles Leonk- 
rona to the congregations, dated London, January 7, 
1796, which related how our coming over was consented 
to and promoted by the King of England, through the 
good offices of the proprietor of this country, the Hon- 
orable William Penn (who is now living in Ivondon), 
and saying that the congregations should so conduct 
themselves as always to retain his favor and good opin- 

Then I spoke to thein concerning Herr Aureen, how 
he was sent out with us as a special agent of the King 
of Sweden, to remain awhile and return back, so that, 
according to the King's desire, he may be able to give 
a verbal relation of our arrival and reception and of the 


condition and circumstances of the people, &c., thereby 
showing to the congregation how great favor and love 
the King has for them, and reminding them that they, 
therefore, should remember to treat him as the King's 

Then, as it was left to us to decide which congrega- 
tion we should remain with, I proposed that Magister 
Rudman should have whichever he chose or wished, as 
he was the first appointed, so he chose the upper con- 
gregation at Wicaco, and I remained with the lower at 
Crane Hook. 

July II or the 6th of Trinity. — I began in Jesus' name 
my first Divine Service in Crane Hook Church, when I 
informed them how I purposed to conduct Divine Ser- 
vice, if circumstances are favorable thereto, z/^s-., as 
follows : 

1st. — Begin with a morning Psalm and then read 
from the pulpit a chapter in the Old Testament and one 
from the New Testament, beginning with the first in 

2d, — Read the Catechism, without the Lutheran 

jrf. — Read the Athanasian Creed, ending with the 
Benediction and a suitable hymn. 

/['. — Thereafter, if there is occasion, ist. Confess; 
2d, Bury the Dead ; 3d, Baptise Children ; 4th, Church 
Women, &c. 

l\ — {a) Then begin High Mass, according to the 
order contained in the directory ; when Lov Exordii 
and the Gospel are read, then read one of our Christian 
instructions, with Lutheran explanations, and one or 
another thereof with simple comments. 

Ifl) The Swedes, even Methodists use the term mass for the lyord's 
Supper, when it is celebrated at the present day. 


^^ « 

July 1 8th or jth after Trinity^ the Transfigitration of 
Christ. — I began in the above order to perform the 
services by reading the first chapter of the first Book of 
Moses and the first chapter of Matthew's Gospel, 

At this time I gave notice that so far as practicable, I 
had made a distribution of the books sent over in such 
wise that those who have a large household and many 
who can read, should have the inore books, and those ' 
who had less, fewer books ; and those who could not use 
a large book, a manual, Golden Clenodium, &c., should 
have a catechism or an A. B. C. book and teach them- 
selves first, and those now favored with books should 
remember to use them faithfully. 

That the Bibles could not yet be given out till I am 
satisfied who will faithfully adhere to the church. 
Whereof I exhorted them one and all to consider the 
matter well, and engage themselves, not only on my 
account that I may know who my hearers are to be, but 
also for the sake of the congregation, that each one may 
know who of his fellow hearers will be ready to stand in 
his place and do his part of whatever may be necessary 
with regard to the church and parsonage as to building, 
repairing, &c , &c. 

I suggested also, that those who have received books 
should remember God's House with some monev as a 
thank offeringj each one in proportion to books received, 
explaining to them concisely how we, not only wnth 
words, but with gifts, can give God thanks for his grace, as 
when we give to the church, the school, the poor, or to 
the ministers of His Word. 

I moreover added a prudent talk, representing to them 
that whatever was for the best for the church was also 
for the best good of the people, and that the King's 


gift becomes a double gift and I heard nothing but hearty 
good will thereto. 

He who receives a Bible shall give one Vanakten piece, 
i.e. six shillings, for a manual thiree shillings, and they 
who have a Golden Clenodium, Upsula Psaim book, or 
any other devotional books shall give two shillings, for 
Dr. Olaus Swebillius catechism one shilling, a small 
catechism six pence and an A. B. C. book three pence. 

July JO. — Agreeable to notice given on the 25th of 
July, we met to choose certain discreet persons of this 
side of the river and some of the south side {a) to act for 
the whole Congregation in selecting and agreeing upon 
a place where we in Jesus' nam^ should set our new 

Those of this side the river were Charles Springer, 
John Nummerson, Hans Pietersson, Hendrick Juars- 
son and Brewer Sinn ike. ! 

From the other side, Mr. Olle. Stoby, Staffan Jurans- 
son Jacob Van de Ver and Olle Pransson. 

And now the matter was earnestly discussed among 
them, for some would have the church at Cranehook, 
some at Thirdhook and some at Christina, and it did not 
seem possible to come to any certain conclusion at this 
time — especially as they on the other side of the river 
thought it hard for them to help now to build such a 
church for those on this side, for they feared it would 
happen that they should get no help, if in course of time 
they become so numerous that they should need a 
separate teacher and could support him, and therefore 
should wish to build a church for themselves, and they 

(fl). Jersey side. 


who came by the way of Sandhook {a) thought it would 
be very burdensome to have to pay ferriage across the 
Christina every time they came to church. 

Then they on this side immediately satisfied and 
persuaded them in these particulars, and agreed. 

I St. — That when they on the other side in course of 
time should become so strong as to be able to set up a 
separate church and procure and support a minister of 
this, our so called Lutheran Religion, those on this side 
would help them with money again as much as they 
now help towards building this church at Christina. 
Now, as at that time I was in a sickly condition and on 
that account could not be present at the meeting, and 
heard afterward that not all of the people approved of 
the agreement. I sat down immediately and according 
to my ability drew up a writing in which I showed that 
if we on this side had never agreed and consented in this 
wise, yet we are just as much bound for the Glory of God 
to help them again on the other side if they now help 
us, and I further wrote by way of encouragement and 
exhortation — and Charles Springer ever unwearied in the 
promotion of God's Glory, in order to bring about a good 
understanding of the matter, went around with this my 
writing and read it to them and so won thein all to 

Then after this argreement — as regards those on the 
other side who usually cross and come by the way of 
Sandhook and think it would be very burdensome for 
them always to pay for ferrying over the Christina Creek, 
they on this side promised to furnish a canoe for them 
to use whenever they come to church, but to be used for 
no other purpose, so that nothing more should be heard 
of the ferrying and it should never be a cause of com- 

ia) New Castle. 



plaint which canoe once delivered to them to take care 
of — if it be lost they shall provide another themselves. 

Then they consulted among themselves how they 
should in accordance with their promise support him, 
whom God had been pleased to send them — which 
promise they must now fulfill. They decided that both 
sides of the river could at least contribute a hundred 
pounds, Pennsylvania currency. Whereupon a list was 
immediately made, and they who were then present 
(which were many more than those above named who 
had been especially selected) each one set his hand 
thereto for a certain sum of money as the subscription 

rst. — They also agreed that the church should be built 
at Christina and that it should be of brick or stone, 
though some had been in favor of wood. We met at 
Christina September 19, to choose new church wardens 
but retained two of the old for another year, viz: Carl 
Christofferson Springer and Mr. Wholle Stobey, to whom 
four others were added, viz: Hans Pietterson, Brewer 
Sinnika, John Stalcop, and from the other side of 
the river, Jacob Van de Ver, with the understanding that 
none are to stay in more than two years, part going out 
each year, and others to come in their place who shall 
become accustomed by being with those who have a 
year yet to remain, and therefore Carl Springer and 
Wholle Stobey remain another year; that these new ones 
may become used to the duties, and then the coming 
year they two step out and others be chosen in their 

2d. — In accordance with the wishes of the others, Hans 
Pietterson took upon himself to superintend the build- 
ing of the (in the Lord's name) intended new church. 

3d, — It was decided that the church should be forty 


feet in length, thirty feet wide and twelve feet high^ 
though the height shall remain uncertain till we see 
how it will compare with the other dimensions. 

jfth, — Those who can best do the carting shall of their 
own free will, and at their own expense bring forward 
the stone, and yet give what they have promised in 

5///. — All who do other work or promise work, shall 
do it free and at their own expense, so that we shall not 
have to give out the incoming money to our own folk, 
as we need it to pay the mason and for the purchase of 
lime boards, &c. 

October 6th. — I, with the church wardens met with the 
mason, Joseph Richardson, from Upland, at Christina, 
when we contracted with him to build the new church 
walls which were to be of stone, fifty feet long, thirty 
feet wide and fifteen feet high, and writings were drawn 
up for both sides, one for the mason and one for Hans 
Peittersou on behalf of the church, binding them in 
one hundred pounds, to be forfeited by which ever side 
should break the agreement without good reason. 

December 6th, — I was with the church wardens at 
Christina to decide upon the exact place to set the church, 
and as the church yard did not extend suflRciently high 
up for a convenient place without standing over graves, 
and as we did not wish to set the church so low down, 
therefore, church warden John Stalcop gave of his own 
free will for the glor>' of God out of his own land, so 
large a place as was needed for the church partly to 
stand upon, with two fathoms on the south side and the 
west end for a free church walk, which was put in 
writing, and for which was remitted to him the four 
pounds which he had subscribed for the church, as Hans 
Peitterson said, that according to English law for such a 


gift, something must be given in return be it ever so 

An^o i6g8 May 21st, — There was a general meeting 
holden at Christina for the reason that the first mason 
Joseph Richardson of Upland, broke his contract with 
us (about Easter,) concerning our church building, 
without any cause on our part, and I had in my own 
namt- and in behalf of the congregation written to him, 
and another by the name of Joseph Yard had unex- 
pectedly come down from Philadelphia the i8th of May, 
and applied for the contract, and we had agreed with 
him to set forward the work without fail, and therefore 
the above named meeting was called, and therein it was 

isf, — That all the money which was promised last 
autumn should be paid in by Whitsuntide, and thereafter 
more should be collected as the work should require. 

2d. — In order to save expense of sawing, it was 
promised that certain of the congregation should split 
with axes, whatever the carpenters can use without 

jfd, — That the help needed by the mason should be 
hired, as members of the congregation cannot conven- 
iently come and give days work as needed. 

//A. — Those who have heretofore given days work 
and boarded themselves of. their own free will, shall 
hereafter be boarded if they are still willing to help 
while the work is in hand, but they who so far have 
not worked at all must find board themselves, but after- 
wards board shall be provided for them, except that 
those who have households can keep themselves, but 
the single men having no conveniences &c., shall be 
provided for. 

5/^. — It was also decided that as in Sweden, it is 


customary to begin the Priest's year on the first oi' May 
called Rogation day, the promises shall always be 
taxed from the first of May. 

6th. — We then had some talk with John Stalcop about 
the glebe, not expecting to come to any conclusion 
thereon at this time, but only have some prefatory 
words for him to think about and consider. 

All this except the sixth point was read in the 
presence of the whole congregation the next day, 
Dominica Cantata, but there were but few present at 
that meeting, especially from the other side of the 
rivei;. The church wardens present at that time were 
Capt. Hans Pietterson, Brewer Seneke, Charles Springer 
and John Stalcop. 

November rst. — General meeting. ' 

2d, — We talked of more money for the building 
which was promised. Had some further talk about the 
Priestland but without concluding anything. 

jd, — About remuneration to Lucas Stidhani for my 
board which they ought at least to pay for the first year 
after my arrival, which, yet, I should not ask of them 
if they would all pay me my past dues according to 
promise, all of which the meeting assented to and did 
not dispute. 

November igth — It was necessary to have another 
meeting on accoimt of the small aiumber present at the 
last, and also because Wholle Dolboe from the other con- 
greg^ation is making proposals for the land of Church- 
warden, John Stalcop (the so called Old Land) which 
lies very convenient for a Glebe. And this meeting 
was called, in order that we might come to some definite 
conclusion with regard to it, but after much discussion 
it seemed impossible to agree. The disagreement con- 


sisted in this, that the congregation insisted that the 
land should come into their possession immediately for 
the use of their minister, John Stalcop to deliver it 
clear and clean from all incumbrance that could be 
against it up to this day. 

But John Stalcop wished to sow it another year or else 
sow half of it, and pay half of the quit, rent and the 
congregation the other half, paying him twenty pounds 
on the deliver>' of the land and* two years after, forty 
pounds, which in the meantime should stand without 
interest but not longer, and should take upon ourselves 
the payment of the two notes due John Hanson Stellman 
which togetheramount to one hundred pounds ; thus the 
whole sum to be paid would be one hundred and sixty 
pounds. But with all this, there was the above men- 
tioned use of the land that separated us. 

N. B. I brought to their notice the points in the 
former meeting. 

So as, it seemed that the land purchased could not 
well be decided upon in a meeting of the whole con- 
gregation, I thought it best to consult with the wardens 
only, in behalf of the congregation and do the best 
we could in the matter, and I with Brewer, Seneke and 
Charles Springer met with John Stalcop on the 21st of 
December, when we went so far as to agree to assume 
the two notes of John Hanson Stellman, then give 
twenty pounds when the land is delivered free of all 
encumbrance up to that day, and then the forty pounds in 
two years without interest and the next year sow 
half the land with him. 

It was understood when we separated that we would 
pay him his money thus, and he should deliver up 
the land entirely to us without any more sowing and 


should give us a clear and right title and consider 
the matter thoroughly till next Sunday. And so the 
agreement finally was to pay the money as before stated 
and sow half the land, but have nothing to do with 
any rent or tax till the day when it shall be delivered 
up to us, and the next Sunday the congregatipn should 
be infonned of the agreement. 

The next Sunday I gave them a full relation and said 
to them that now the most difficult part was accomplished, 
and that they should not let such a little thing prevent 
the bargain which I hoped would not happen, and that 
they would show such love and good will to me as 
would be to their praise for all time, and that they 
would experience great inconvenience and be much 
blamed by those who come after them if such a con- 
venient place for a glebe should be let slip, and that 
no such opportunity would occur again and they would 
find it so in time, if not just now. 

The matter stood so that I was uncertain whether our 
bargain would stand or not ; I did not wish to be too 
urgent with the congregation, but I could not hear to 
have the land sold to anybody else. 

So if Olle Dolboe will, in the meantime hold still, I 
will let it stand as it is for the present. 

Paul Pietterson being urged by his friends, wishes, not- 
withstanding his behavior, to come into the church, but, 
as he will not acknowledge that he has done wrong and 
show penitence, therefore, we cannot give up to him and 
let him in, but leave him to more earnest reflection. 

A. D. i6g()^ April 22, — I had a general meeting on 
accoimt of the Priestland in order to come to a decided 
understanding about it, and have a written agreement, 
and have the congregation agree to what was last talked 


of, as there is danger that John Stalcop will sell it to 
somebody else, in which case if such a convenient place 
be lost I will never have anything more to do about the 
business, and I declare before God that time can show 
no such opening, at least, not in my day. 

When we began to recite how we had before agreed, 
viz.: on the 21st of November, 1698, John Stalcop 
would, not admit that we were to sow half the land and 
be free from the payment of {a) quit rent, but claimed 
that he had said that either he should sow the whole 
and pay all the rent, or sow half and pay half the rent, 
and that we should pay the other half if we sow the 
half of the land. We then who were present on the 
above named day knew nothing thereof. 

It was talked of but we did not consent to it, but if it 
cannot be otherwise we must let our word go for noth- 
ing, as not understanding him correctly, and so would 
begin anew with our bargain, which bargain I immedi- 
ately wrote down. 

It stood in these points, viz. : 

rst. — When the land is made over, twenty pounds 
shall be paid. 

2d. — Two years thereafter forty pounds shall be paid, 
for which time it shall stand without interest, but if 
not paid in two years he shall have interest. 

4th. — Take up the paper of John Hanson Stellman. 
John Stalcop to sow all the land this year and pay 
all the rent. 

jiik. — John Stalcop promised a portion of marsh land 
more than heretofore belonged to the tract which also 
he had promised previously. 

This I wrote down and read it to them carefully 
and all was fully agreed to on both sides, and those who 

(a) Rent to the proprietor Mr. Penn. 


were present immediateiy made up a large part of the 
twenty pounds. 

I si. — To get security of John Stalcop for the por- 
tion of ground on which is partly to stand our new 
church, and know definitely how much he will give us. 

2d, — To collect monev for work on the church, for the 
contractors must have their pay when the work is done. 

//A. — To get enough workmen to have the church 
ready by Easter, which, next to God's blessing rests 
with the congregation, as I have procured what is 
necessary thereto to be had from strangers, such as lime, 
nails, boards, &c., so let there be laborers enough for 
each day, and as I see how the work progresses I will 
give notice of the day of consecration. 

jth, — (a) I showed them that such offerings were no 
superstitious or papistical work, but only a rejoicing 
that God has so blessed and prospered their willing 

6tk, — To get again from Hans Pietterson the- Bell 
which he maliciously (in the position in which he was 
at the time in opposition to me and the church) lied 
out from the man in whose care it was left at Marcus 
Hook, which Bell was given us by Captain James 
Trent when he went away. 

6th, — We talked about the seats and said that they 
who would not now help when we are in the greatest 
need, may not expect to have any special place, but 
afterwards buy or take a place where I and the church- 
wardens may set them, though in the meantime none 
will be prevented from coming and standing where they 
can find room, but they who give their labor are most 
sure to get a good place. 

{a) This has reference to oflferingrs for the entertainment at the consecra- 


(a) Now notwithstanding what follows should in order 
of time have stood otherwhere, yet, that everything might 
be brought together for the information of the congre- 
tion and not be scattered here and there I have set down 
the whole order of the business, in full, z^is, : 

I St, — Who the contractors were and how we -came to 

2d, — The income from the first subscription. 

jid. — The exact account of each one's days works on 
the building. 

^.th, — Also, a summary of payments to contractors, &c. 

rsL — The mason was the before named Joseph Yard 
from Philadelphia, with his three sons, Joseph, William 
and John. 

Now, although some of the Church Wardens wished 
to have the church no larger than was first decided on, 
and the most of the congregation thought it large 
enough, I opposed them earnestly, in the confidence that 
God would help me, for I saw plainly that it would not 
be such a work as it ought to be ; and I insisted that we 
ought so to build that there would not be necessity to 
enlarge the year after, and that our contract should be 
for a building sixty feet long and thirty feet broad 
within the walls, and the walls twenty feet high. 

I took upon myself to raise in what way I could one- 
third part of the ready money that should be necessary, 
doing it, as I said first, for the Glory of God, and then 
for the honor of the congregation, which, I observed 
did not comprehend what was necessary for such a 

And this I was afterwards very sensible of when I 

(a) What follows here, being a particular account of the church building, 
was written in the church book after the consecration, hence Mr. Bjork's 


was daily under the necessity to provide and have in 
readiness what was wanted, and be the superintendent 
and overseer, knowing that no others would do it, for 
,they knew nothing of such work, and especially as Hans 
Pietterson, who had been appointed to superintend the 
work, could not perform what he was chosen for,* espe- 
cially as to the walls, so that I, without any doubt, 
concluded that God would not have such a superintend- 
ent for such a godly work. 

And as J must stand for procuring most of the money 
for the payments, and be bound for whatever was trans- 
acted, as the writings show, and have the responsibility 
of the payment of each and every one after their work 
is done, therefore, I enter in copies of our agreements, 

as follows : 

{a) Articles of Agreement made, done, and concluded by and 
betwixt Hans Pietterson, John Stalcop, Charles Springer of the 
County of New Castle and Christina Creek of the one part, and 
Joseph Yard, Mason and Bricklayer of Philadelphia, of the 
other party, witnesseth as followeth : 

It is agreed, and I. Joseph Yard doe obledge and engage myself 
and my heirs, that is, with the help of GOD, to lay all the stone 
and Brick work of a Church which is to be Built in and upon ye 
Church yard at Christeen near John Stallcop*s ; the length of it 
shall be 66 foot from out to out, the breath shall be 36 foot from 
out to out, and to be laid in ye ground, a good and firm founda- 
tion, and the height frum ye Topp of ye ground upwards 20 foot, 
and ye thickness of ye wall from ye foundation to the lower ends 
of the windows 3 foot thick, and then afterwards 2 foot thick 
upwards, and all ye Windows and doors upon the Church shall 
be Arched, and the doors and Windows Arched and Quined with 
Bricks, and this above mentioned worck must be, and shall be 
done, sufficiently, firmly and substantially in all Respects as ye 
stuff will allow, and to be done with all Expedition that passible 
may or can be. 

(a) Written in Knfirland and copied verbatim. 



Now for the Consideration heareof, Wee, the above named Hans 
Pietterson, John Stallcop and Charles Springer doe engage to pay 
Joseph Yard or his Assigns for the aforesaid work, Eighty and 
six pounds In Silver Money, to be paid as folio weth : Twenty 
and Three pounds in Silver Money at the beginning of 3'e work, 
that is, 9X the first Stone laying, and 23 pounds when he,, ye said 
Yard comes to put In ye door cases, and then 20 pounds more 
when he comes to ye upper end of ye Arched work of Doors and 
Windows, and ye Remainder, that is 20 pounds more, when ye 
stone work is finished, and with all, wee do obledge Our selves to 
• find ye said Joseph and his Assistants during ye time of ye said 
work, with sufficient Meat, Drink, Washing and Lodging, with 
sufficient Labourers for him and his Assistance, and to find all 
necessary Materials fitt for ye work, and the said Joseph not to 
be hindered for Materials or Labourers or Carpenters work. 

Now for the true performance of this above mentioned Articles 
of Agreement doe wee Hans Pietterson, John Stallcop and Charles 
Springer, Binde ourselves and our heirs Executors and Admin- 
istratours. Jointly and Severy, of ye one party in a penal 1 Bond 
and Obligation of 172 pounds Silver Money, and also, doe 
I, Joseph Yard, binde myself and my heirs. Executors and 
Administrators of ye other side. In a penal Bond and Obligation 
of 172 pounds In Silver Money to be paid upon demand, that is, 
If it be not on both sides truly and duly performed according to 
every point In ye Articles specified. But, if it be on both sides 
performed, then the Bond shall be of none effect, if otherwise, to 
stand in its full force and virtue, Whereunto wee have sett our 
hands and seals. 

Dated at Christeen [u. s.] 

Ye 19th of May, 1698. Hans Pietterson, 

Witness, [l. s.] 

Ericus Biork, John Stallcop, 

Minister of Cranehooks Congregation. [h. s.] 

J. AuREEN, Charles Springer. 
Joseph Yard, Junior. 



The carpenter was from Philadelphia, Mr. John 
Smart who had with him as comrade another by the 
name of John Britt Our agreement with him was 
made in writing the 29th, of March 1698, the copy 
of which is underwritten, which was made by another 
English man by the name of Thomas Jenner who was with 
Mr. Smart, and therefore is not so well done, for Charles 
Springer was at that time Forester for the Governor 
of Maryland, Sir Francis Nicholson. Mr. Springer is 
very useful in our business with the English as he 
understands both our own language and theirs. He also 
wrote the letter to our Fatherland in behalf of both 

Contract with the carpenter written in English and copied verba' 
tint. — Articles of agreement : Made and comfirmed by and be- 
tweene John Smart and John Britt carpenters, both of ye Citty 
of Philadelphia and Ericus Biorck of the county of New Castle,, 
minister. The said John Smart and John Britt doth covenant 
and ag^ree with Ericus Biorck to build and finish a certain, 
church on Christeene Creek, near John Stalcop's house to be sixty 
foot long and thirty foot in breath, both in the clear to build the 
carpenters work to. etc. One large and four smaller windows- 
proposable to the said Bigness before said, two lar^e and one 
lesser Door case with Doors and four pewess Enclosed; the other 
with Rails and aflancher and Benches and Doors, and Enclosses ye 
ends of the Pews at the passages thereof. The Rufe to be framed 
with Nealing Principles and Ovale on the inside, also with an 
Ornamental Encsy with a Pulpit and Canape over the same and 
to make a Table convenient, Casements to the windows. The same 
Ericus Biorck to find all Timber and Bords and Iron worck and 
all Ready sawed and brought to place and also to finde and 
allow ye said Carpenters, Meat, Drink, Washing and Lodging 
duering ye said worck; and the said John Smart and John Britt 
doth obledge themselves to finish ye same by ye last of October 
next insueing the date hearof, and ye said John Smart and John 
Britt are to have for ye aforesaid worck and Building One hun- 
dred and Thirty pounds current Silver Money to be paid in three 


payments, etc., fourty and three pounds and six shillings and 
eight pence at the entering upon the said worck, and fourty and 
three pounds six shillings and eight pence to be paid at ye 
Raising of ye Rufe thereof, and fourty and three pounds, six 
shillings and eight pence at the finishing of ye same as witness 
ottr hands and seals this 29th, of March 1698. 

Testes Ertman E Hine, John Smart, [L. S.] 


John Stai^lcop, John Britt, [L. S.] 

Tho. Jenner. 

We also had the Sawyers from Philadelphia but 
without any written agreement, but only a verbal one 
with Mr. Edward Smouth that he should have six shill- 
ings for each one hundred feet, allowing them free 
lodging, meat and drink with ail the timber ready on 
the Sawpit. 

We had all the lime this year from Upland of a 
Quaker by the name of James Lownes, who brought it 
down by water in a sloop delivering it unslacked at 
twenty pence a bushel. 

All stone were taken up and broken on Asmund 
Stidham's land northerly from the church, and mostly 
were hauled on sleds in the Winter, and after Spring- 
time on carts. 

So in one way or another through God's grace and 
blessing all was got together, and the first foundation 
stone was laid with my assistance (when by a happy 
circumstance Mr. Rudman, Mr. Auren and Capt. Lasse 
Cock were down) on the 28th of May 1698 a Saturday 
on the north corner of the east gable, which foundation 
wall is the deepest down though not just there the 
comer stone stands as it seemed too much out of ground. 

The foundation was laid all around about one foot 
deep except a piece on the south wall, and for here and 

30 RECORDS or 

there a grave — and some stumps — and not much mare 
was done that day. 

During the whole time of this work they were 
boarded by church warden John Stalcop, and also a free 
negro by the name of Dick, which the mason brough t 
with him as he knew best how to prepare and carry the 
mortar — who was also paid by us two shillings a day 
according to the Mason's agreement with him. 

The carpenters boarded at this time with Jesper 
Walraven, for the first work was then hewing with axes 
before we got the sawyers down who boarded the most 
of the time with my landlord Lucas Stidham, and then 
towards the last with Asmund Stidham at Christina, 
also the carpenters, after awhile with Lucas Stidham, and 
lastly at Christina with John Stalcop. 

The 6th of June I was present and we set up the first 
door which is intended for the Sacristy, the door on the 
north side by the choir, and then the others as thev from 
week to week were ready. The carpenter made a mis- * 
take with the other north door which should have been 
as large as that in the south side or west end; but as I 
could not at that time go often to Jesper Walravens where 
he worked on them, for I had to be at the wall building, 
to see to the workmen of the congregation, and so there 
was a mistake made in the door. 

The 3oth of June we set up the first scaffold for the 
maspn which they began to use the 22nd. 

The 14 of July we raised the scaffold the first time. 

The 26 of July we raised the scaffold the 2ud time, 
which was the last. 

The 1 2th of August, Friday, the mason work was 
happily finished twenty feet high all around — Glory to 


The quittance in full for the work on the wall runs as 

English — I, underwritten Joseph Vard of the Citty of Phila- 
delphia mazon doe acknowledge that I am fully satisfyed that is 
for laying the stone work of ye church at Christ een. "which is 
sixty six foot long, and thirty six foot broad from out to out, 
and twenty foot high, for which I have Received of ye Reverend 
minister Ericus Biork, that is Eighty and six pounds in Silver 
Money and likewise I have Received in full for my Morter Labourer 
the Neger five pounds four shill., and six pence and this Receipt I 
have given to satisfy the church Wardens and Congregation of 
Christeen Church, that I am fully satisfyed, as 

Witness ray hand, Aug. 12th, 1698, 

at Christeen. ^ J^xseph Yard. 

Shortly after as 1 and the carpenter came to talk over 
the matter of the gable ends, how they should be etc, and 
notwithstanding the first plan was not to-have any, we 
thought it seemed to look too mean, and concluded it best 
to build them either wholly or halfway up. 

I did not at first know what conclusion to come to with 
regard to it, but finally as I thought it would be difficult 
to get them all the way up, I would have them half way. 
and then it would look more like a church building. 

In the meantime we were consulting about some one to 
whitelime and plaster the church within. 

Mr. Joseph Yard being at that time at work at Sand- 
hook, we had some talk with him about it, but thought 
he was too dear compared to what we could have from 

But as he had heard somewhat to. that effect Mr. 
Springer having been to see him, he came up and we 
came to an agreement, with respect to all that remained 
to be done as the following copy will show. 


Articles of agreement made, done and concluded, between 
Joseph Yard, mason of the City of Philadelphia of the one party, 
and the Reverend Minister Magister Ericus Biork, minister of 
the congregation of Cranehook of the other party, witnesseth 

as followeth: 


English, — In primus, it is agreed and concluded that I Joseph 
Yard, mazon, shall well and truly make up and lay the stone- 
work of ye Gabell ends of ye Church at Christeen, and to be 
well. Artificially, and sufficiently done, as behoveth a good work- 
man. Secondly, I doe engage and promisse with the help of 
GOD, to doe and plaister all ye Arch work and plain work of ye 
walls within side of ye aforesaid church, and to nail up ye laths 
in ye Roof to ye Arch work, and likewise to doe it sufficiently. 
Thirdly, I doe engage and obledge myself also to lay the floor of 
ye aforesaid church, partly* with stones and partly with Bricks, 
and not to hew the stones. Butt lay them as well as I can, and as 
ye stones will be workt. 

Now this afore mentioned work I will partly doe if the 
weather favours before Winter, and the Rest shall be done 
betimes in ye Spring of ye Year with ye help of GOD. Now for 
ye consideration of this aforementioned work, that is of the 
Gabell ends and plaister work and laying of the floor of the 
church, doe I Ericus Biork, minister of ye Congregation of 
Cranehook, Obledge and engage myself to pay or cause to be 
paid unto Joseph Yard or his Assigns, the summe of forty-five 
pounds of Silver Money, and to pay it at three payments, as first 
when the Gabell end is finished, Twenty pounds When ye 
plaister work is finished, then to pay ye said Yard fifteen pounds, 
and when the floor is laid and finished Tenn pounds; and 
moreover I do obledge myself to find the said Yard and his 
workmen and Labourers good sufficient Meat, Drink, Washing 
and Lodging, during ye time of the aforesaid work, and to finde 
him with all Materials necessary for the work, that he shall not 
stay and waste his time in vain, and further I do Obledge myself 
to find him good Labourers and sufficient scaffolds. 

Now for the true performance of all and every article of both 
parties doe wee bind ourselves and our heirs in a penall bond 
and obligation of ninety pounds of Sillver Money, that is to pay 


it; he that doth not pay or porforme the aforesaid work and to 
doe it sufl&ciently, but it truly performed this Obligation to be 
void and of none effect, or else to stand in its full force and 
virtue. Whereunto we have sett our hands and seals. 
Christeen ye 7 of October, 1698. 

Witness Joseph Yard, [Iv. S.] 

J. Aurren, 
Charles Springer. 

The carpenter, Mr. Smart began work on the roof the 
I St. of August, but it did not progress so fast as it ought 
to have done, because his partner John Britt failed him, 
so that he was for the most part alone with that heavy 
work, and he was also somewhat unwell from time to 
time yet worked some every week, and after awhile he 
hired one of our folk named Christian Anderson by 
days work, and so finally the roof was so ready that it 
began to be raised the 2nd. of November and the raising 
continued through the 3rd. and 4th. and a little of the 
5th which was Saturday ; and the congregation were 
enough of them present especially on the two middle 
days, every one taking hold and succeeded in happil> 
finishing by the blessing of God without any accident. 
Mr. Smart was alone again till the 24th of November 
when he engaged a quaker by the name of John Davis 
from Philadelphia, who was particularly engaged on the 
roof, for Mr. Smart had bargained with him to do the 
whole roof. 

fie had also engaged another man in Philadelphia of 
the English Church by the name of John Harrison to do 
the same work, who consequently with his son Joseph 
came down just three weeks before Christmas, viz; 
December 3rd. took board etc. with Lyloflf Stidham but 
was somewhat disappointed that the other man had 



come down to do the roofing. He made a contract with 
Mr. Smart to make all doors and etc. had them ready 
in two weeks, and as the festival was near at hand, and 
I wished the church roofed in by that time. Mr. Smart 
agreed with John Davis and John Harrison that Mr. 
Harrison should do half the roofing for half the price 
that the Quaker was to have, which was for half the 
roof two pounds and five shillings. Then John Davis 
finished his by Christmas Eve, except one row and 
would have finished if I had not failed to get the nai s 
from Sandhook as soon as they were needed. The 
other finished it afterwards, but did not get all his side 
which was the south with the west end, but they were 
open till after the festival as they all went away Christ- 
mas Eve, which was Saturday but after Christmas 
came again. Just before they left they had some talk 
about Mr. Harrison taking all the inside work which 
remained undone. 

This was thought well of by me and some others, as this 
Mr. Harrison could turn and seemed to be a better and 
neater workman for this work than Mr. Smart, but 
churchwarden Charles Springer concluded that this 
agreement betwixt them was not to be depended upon 
by us, and he advised me to get them together and have 
a written contract thereupon which was difficult to bring 
about on both sides, for Mr. Harrison thought it hard to 
do so much work for so little monev. I had also altered 
the plan a little and increased the work upon the seats. 
Mr. Smart was not willing to give any more than what 
still stood back on his first contract with me, which was 
thirty-five pounds, and that was the highest he would give. 
Finally, rather than lose this Mr. Harrison such a sober, 
industrious and capable man, I made up the sum that 


parted them, viz ; thirty shillings, and so Charles 
Springer wrote an agreement betwixt them, the contents 

of which here follow: 


English. — Articles of agreement made, done and concluded of, 
by and between John Smart, of Philadelphia, carpenter of ye 
bne party, and John Harrison joiner and carpenter of ye same 

Witnesseth as followeth: 

In primis do I John Smart lett unto John Harrison a certain 
piece of work to finish at the church at Christeen which I was 
Imployed to doe of ye Reverend Minister Ericus Biork and hath 
not performed according to ye Ai tides of Agreement to 5'e time 

Secondly, doe I John Harrison Oblidge and Engage myself 
and my heirs to finish this aforesaid pieace of work with the 
help of GOD with all Expidition as possible, maybe that is, I 
do Oblidge lo doe all ye Inside work of ye aforesaid church that 
is all ye pews and Windows, shot work and the pulpit with a 
canape over it and a pew of each side of ye communion Table 
and also with Rea!s and Banisters about ye church and all ye 
Inside work is to be done according to ye draught and as it 
specifyeth more at Large and all this to be done sufficiently as 
a good Workman. 

Thirdly, Doe I John Harrison engage to doe and finish all the 
Sealing Joice which is to doe and fitt In ye sealing of ye Roof 
when they are brought In place and hewed to my hands. 

Fourthly, Doe I John Harrison Obledge myself to doe with 
plained Boards over ye three doors In ye church where it is left 

Now for this aforementioned work and £he consideration 
thereof so shall John Harrison have at ye finishing of ye work 
Thirty and six pounds and Tenn shillings In Silver Money and 
ye Reverend Minister Mag^ster Ericus Biork shall become his 
paymaster and during the time of this aforesaid work so shall 
the aforesaid Harrison and his Assistance have their Meat« 


Drink, Washing and Lodging In ye bargain Now unto the 
aforesaid Articles have we Both Interchangeably Sett Our hands 
and Seals. 

Christeen ye 23 of December John Harrison, [l. s.] 

1698, John Smart. [l. s.] 

Signed Sealed and delivered 
In ye presence of us, 
Ericus Biork 
Minister of Cranehooks, 
Charles Springer. 

All was quiet with the church till the fifth of Feb- 
ruary, when Mr. John Harrison came down with two of 
his sons Joseph and John, to finish the backstanding 
work according to the afore agreement made betwixt 
him and Mr. Smart. Then this man with his two sons 
worked very diligently and until late in the evening, but 
with all their great efforts they could not have got 
it ready by the day which I by God's Grace expected, 
viz.. Holy Trinity Sunday, if I had not got some of the 
congregation fourteen days before who gave him good 
help, and there were various extra little things to be done, 
as the blue list around the church which he colored, and 
wooden rods for the windows. 

The sixth of April, the glazier came down from 
Philadelphia, a Hollander, named Lenard Osterson, with 
whom we liad no written agreemept, but Hans Piet- 
terson had the first of the preceding year, agreed that he 
should have sixteen pence the foot, and we furnished him 
board, etc., like the others, and his work was finished 
in just a month, namely the nth of May, for he was 
away during the Easter Holydays and the time deducted. 
The 17th of April the mason came down with the same 
workmen which he had the last vear to fulfil his con- 
tract which he made with us October 7th, 1698. 


This time I had lime from the master of the sawyers, 
Mr. Edward Smoiith, of Philadelphia. I had it of him 
because I had great diflSculty in getting conveyance 
to bring the lime down, but he delivered it himself 
at Christina wharf at two shillings a bushel, the same 
as it cost us last year; I also bought of him two thousand 
feet of boards which we were short of, with a quantity 
of lath nails for the mason to nail up laths for the 

Both the gable ends were walled up in two weeks and 

then they nailed up the laths as they all four had 

nothing else to do, so that by the 28thof April, they had the 

gable ends up and all the laths nailed to the afch of 

the roof. On the outside the church were these words 

set in. The words were made of iron, and upon the 

west end was, 




Wlhh. III. 





E. T. B. 

W. S. 
P. L. 

If God be for us who can be against us? 

In the reign of William III., by the Grace of God, 
King of England, Wm. Penn, Proprietor, vice Gov. Wm. 
Markham, the Most Illustrious King of the Swedes 
Charles XL. now of most glorious memory, having sent 
here Ericus Tobias Biork of Westmania Pastor Loci. 


On the south side 
On the east gable 

On the north side 

Light from on high shines in the datrkness. 
Christ is our poles tar. 

The letters were the greater part Ox' them driven in 
afterwards, for Mr. Matthias de Foss a smith of our own 
folk could not get them ready so soon as they were 
needed, and therefore the hooks could not be driven into 
the wall before the mason left, but he made certain lines 
after my directions; but the large date was driven in and 
fastened with hooks, which the mason's son Joseph 
drove, and that the letters on the west end (which were 
so many) might look better and be more conspicuous, 
he came down one morning before the consecration and 
washed the place around and colored the letters red. 

Then they began the plastering with hair and lime 
and laying the floor under the long pews with stone 
which we had (one shallop lo^d) from Turkeyhook. As 
I found that stone were as dear as brick and did not look 
so well I sent for bricks for the remainder; and then 
according to our last contract he made the the altar — feet 
high, five feet long, — feet broad, with a little room in 
under. The cost of this altar was one pound. And 
now all this second contract with the mason was happily 
finished the 22nd of May at midday, for which be 
Glory to God forever; and the mason with his work 
folk went down to Sandhook towards evening. Immedi- 
ately hereupon Mr. Harrison began to set up the railing 


around the altar, and then the pulpit and pews, one after 
another, as he got them in readiness; so that I could 
set the day for the consecration, which I thought to 
have viz: Holy Trinity Sunday as I also intended the 
name to be Holy Trinit>- Church (Helga Trefaldighets 
Kyrckia). Intending the name of the church to be a 
perpetual humble offering to the Great Triune God 
(Dhen Store Treenige Gud) and a hearty and sincere 
thanksgiving for the unspeakable grace which he 
through me so humble and in so wild a countr>' in so 
short a time, and above all my expectations and against 
many oppositions has been pleased to let such a work be 
carried forward to its conclusion and that without any 
damage, hindrance or danger. 

The fourth Sunday after Easter we held Divine 
service for the last time at Cranehook, which as near as 
I can find had been held there since 1667. I made a 
short address suitable to such an occasion, exhorting 
them to renew their hearts before God, as God had 
graciously blessed us with a new church; and as I had 
previously given notice that I would on that day let 
each one know where his seat was to be, for I had taken 
that upon myself, but little thought what labor and 
trouble I should have therewith, so I excused myself 
now and only indicated what part of the church each 
should occupy, and not shift from one part to another 
in a disorderly manner as has been here at Cranehook, 
and especially on the day of consecration they should 
leave room for the 3trangers, and I promised that I 
would before long let them know more definitely where 
their seats should be. 

Finally, Hans Pietterson and his wife came forward 
expecting also to have seats with the rest. Then I first 
took him aside and asked him if he would pay the ten 


pounds which stands back on his subscription to the 
church, and be united to the congregation as a true and 
proper member thereof; if so, he should liave a pew, but 
if otherwise never, but that he should be at liberty to 
come to hear God's word if he desired, and stand 
wherever he could find a place. All this he promised 
me, and I immediately and in hearing of the congrega- 
tion present, rehearsed it, and said that he and his wife 
should therefore be acknowledged as members of the 
congregation again as before, on account of this promise. 
Then his written confession of his foolishness and 
wrong towards God, me, and the congregation was read, 
but he has kept himself at home up to the present time. 
Many of the congregation came the three following 
days to put all things in order and make ever\'thing 
clean and nice. 

A. D, i6gg — Holy THnity Sunday^ J^^^y 4^^* God 
graciously favored us with a bright and beautiful day (a.) 
for our first entrance into our new church at Christina, 
after so much labour 'and expense. The consecration 
took place in the presence of many hundred persons of 
various religions besides our own, and it proceeded as 
follows : 

After the assembly had been called togetlier by the 
ringing of the bell, my colleague from the other con- 
gregation, Magister Andrew Rudman and myself clad 
each in his surplice, (but not with a chasuble as they 
could not be obtained here,) went in before the altar as 
also our colleague Mr. Jonas Aureen, though he had 
only a long cloak with a cape. Then Magister Rudman 
and myself stood in front next to the altar, and Mr. 
Aureen before us, and we began thus: 

Magister Rudman, i — Come, and let us praise the 
Lord God. • 

a. IfitteraUy, God caused of his g^race the day to upli^hten for me and 
the congregatioif. 


* 2 — A prayer of his own composition that God will be 
graciously pleased with this house. 

Mr. Aureen, 3 — Read Kings ist, the whole chapter. 

Pastor Loci, 4 — The 24th King David's Psalm, the 

Mr. Aureen, 5 — Read of New Testament, John loth, 
the whole chapter. 

6 — Sang, Our Father which art in Heaven etc. 

Magister Rudman, 7 — Read with a loud and slow 
voice the Helig as it is set forth in the church directory 
for such an occasion. 

8 — Come Holy Spirit Lord God. 

Then the proper consecration sermon from the pulpit 
whose beginning wa3 Tobit 12 — 7th. The counsels and 
secrets of Kings and Rulers shall be concealed etc. , but 
the proper text was Psalms CXXVI, verse 3rd. The 
Lord hath done great things for us whereof we are glad, 
and the church was named Holy Trinity Church. 

10 — From the pulpit began — We praise thee, O God. 

II — Then I and Magister Rudman only went before 
the altar again, and Magister Rudman sang a prayer 
and then the blessing. 

12 — With an exhortation to keep and reverence this 
house as the house of the Lord, and thereupon Glory be 
to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

Pastor Loci, answered, as it was in the beginning, is 
now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen. 

And this was the conclusion of the proper consecra- 
tion services. 

At High Mass I baptized children and then gave out 
the Lord's Supper. 


Then again, I with my Fellow Brother Magister Rud- 
man went in front of the altar, but my other Fellow 
Brother Honorworthy Mr. Aureen, preached the Sunday 
text according to the direction of the Handbook. 

Then these Psalms were used. 

I St. Thou only God, etc. 

2nd. Our merciful Father and God, etc. 

3rd. For the preacher we now invoke the Holy Spirit. 

4th. From the pulpit. Holy Trinity stand by us. 

5th. During communion, Jesus is my Life and 

6th. After the benediction, my soul shall praise the 

Then we entertained at Christina at Church Warden 
John Stalcop's, all the notable strangers so far as it was 
possible to gather them together, with meat, wine, ale, 
etc., and then all the others, the cost of which was 
borne by the congregation as the following memoran- 
dum will show. 

His Excellency, \'ice Governor William Markham 
with his family was in\nted to participate, but on 
account of his protracted illness he excused himself by 
a letter which he sent by Charles Springer who waited 
on him on the same errand. 

And so praise be to God, we saw the day happily 
ended. How it has gone with the whole building, from 
beginning to end with the income and outgift, and the 
labor upon it is to be found in another place. 

The following was given for the entertainment of 
strangers at the Consecration. 

Staffen Joransen gave three quarters of a sheep and one 
bushel of malt. 

a. OrcoUeagne. 


The widow on Pumpkinhook, one bushel malt, three 
pounds butter, and bread for half the crown. 

Joran Liken, three pounds butter, two loaves bread, 
one dozen eggs. 

The widow on Chestnuthook, and Andrew Van 
Namen together, one and a half bushels malt. 

Edward Munn, one gallon red wine, one quarter 
venison eggs and coffee. 

Hendrick Stobey, one peck wheat meal and one and 
half dozen eggs. 

Erick on Cranehook, two gallons red wine and three 
pounds sugar. 

Brewer Sineke, one sheep and one bushel malt. 
Charles Springer, one and a half bushels malt. 
Hans Pietterson, one sheep and one bushel of malt. 
The late Jacob Claneet's widow, one half calf 
Pieter and John Mounsea, together four hundred 
pounds wheat meal. 

Petter Mounsen, four pounds butter. 

John Anderson Cock's son Anders, one turkey. 

John Stalcop,one bushel malt, one and a half bushels 
wheat, three pounds sugar, two shillings and six pence 
i«rorth of raisins and three shillings and four pence 
worth of hops. 

Petter Stalcop, half a sheep. 

Petter Pietterson, in Bokton,.a half sheep. 

Henderson Tossa, a half sheep. 

Asmund Stidham, one sheep. 

John Stalcop's wife over and above her own labor in 
as much as it was impossible for her to bring every- 
thing in good order, invited the wife of an Englishman 
by the name of Annie Ritman who lived on the other 
side of the river to assist her as she was quite familiar with 


such matters and occasions, who also gave her services 
g^ratis. All of which contributions I reckoned to be 
worth twelve pounds. 
The first subscription money for the church. 




Mr. Wholle Stobey, 


Hans Pietterson. 


Lucus Stedham, 



Petter Stalcop. 


Charles Springer, 



Brewer Seneke, 


StufFen Inrenson, 


Jesper Wal raven, 


Wholle Thomas, 



John Anderson Kock, 


Lyloff Stedham, 


John Stalcop, see page 6, 


Asmund Stedham, 


Petter Petterson in Bokton, 


Edward Meam, who married the late Jonas Skag- 

gan's widow, Wal voir, an 



Jacob Clemmetson's widow, 


Richard Reynolds an Englishman living at Sand- 



John Mink, 


Petter Mounson, 



Mrs. Britta, on the old land, 


Her daughter Britta, 


Jonas Walraven, 



Richard Taylor, 


John Mounson, 


Jonas Anderson, 


Conratt Constantine, 



Jons Hendrickson, at the Line 




I^asse Hendrickson, 


Joran Liken, 


Petter Pietterson, 


Jacob Hendrickson, 





Jacob Van de Ver, 2 

Headrick Stobey, 2 

Eskell Hutten, i 



John Tossa, 1 



Joran Anderson, i 

[ 10 

Erick Erickson, on Cranehook, ] 

[ 10 

Matthias Petterson, 

[ I 

Christiem Anderson, 

I 10 

Erick Anderson, 

[ 10 

Anders Van Neman, c 

) 18 

Matz Nielson, j 

[ 10 

Matz Skrika, : 

2 7 

Hans Ilalton. i 

^ 5 

Lucus Petterson. ] 

[ 4 

Erick Hoi ton. 

I 4 

Adam Hey, on Swan Cove, ] 

^ 4 

Pouel Poulson, 

^ 3 

Frederick Hopman, ] 


Margaretta, on Cranehook the late Henderson 

Smeds* widow, 


Hendrick, ] 


La.sse Vinam, j 


John Hopman, j 


Nickolas Hopman, ] 


Mourns Halton, ] 


Lasse Halton, 


Lassa Petterson, i 


John Seneke, 


Knutt Quist, 


Anders Hopman, ] 


Simon Janson, 


Petter Jaquette, 


Edward Robinson, 


Hans Pietterson on the other side, < 

5 18 

Anders Grelsson, i 

3 18 

Wholle Nielsson, < 

5 15 


George Whiteside, c 

> 15 

The widow on Sheephook,the late Wholle Pahlson's 
widow, - ( 



Britta Savoy, o 14 o 

Hans MoUers two sons, 140 

Mrs. Elizabeth Skaggans, Jonas Skaggans' widow, i 10 o 

Summa, 180 11 4 

Day's works which were a free will gift to the church building 

without any compensation, though it was decided at one time 

, that we should hire in harvest time, yet I managed so that 

through God's grace and help there was very little money paid 

out for such labor. 

Days Work. 
Thomas Skrika, 4iJ^ 

Matz Tossa, 41 

Christiern Anderson , 33 3^ 

Asmund Stedham, besides helping now and then, 
as he lived very near which I could not reckon 
in day's work, 30 

Hendrick Orrane, 30 

Hans Pietterson, by Skilpot Creek, 29 

Hendrick Juranson, • . 29 

Gabriel Lucasson, 26 

OUe Tossa, 24 

John Anderson Cock, 23% 

Petter Canpaiy, 22>^ 

Benedictus Stedham, 27% 

Hendrick To^ sa, 2 1 

John Clemetson, 21 

T.yloflf Stedham, . 

Powel Petterson. 19 

Tyucas Stedham, besides all the time carpenters and 

sawyers were working, 19 

Hendrick Bosraan, 18 

Krick Hottoii. 18 

John Van de Ver, 
Wholle Thomas, 

Cornelius Van de Ver, besides many more at the time 
the stone were broken on the side where he lived, 
but as I could not be there and get an account 
thereof. I have only put in those on this side in 
the best way I could, 




Joran Orrene, 


Charles Hedge, 


Fetter Stalcop, 


Wm. Van de Ver, 


Jacob Hendrickson, 


Jasper WalraVen, besides several days* 

work while 

the carpenters were with him, 


Stafifen Juranson, 


Olle Nielson, 


Conrad Constantine, 


Matz Sknka, 


Fetter Mounson, 


I^asse Korfhom, 



John Hendrickson, 


Jonas Walraven, 


Hans Lucasson, 


Eskell Hutton, 


Lasse Tossa, 


Knutt Quist, 


Wholle Halton, 


Matthias Petterson, 


Stafifan Tossa, 


John Stalcop, 


Petter Bildeback's son Daniel, 



• 6 

Nickolas Hopman, 


Anders Hendricksou, at the Lone Tree, 


John Halton, 


Mouns Halton, 


Olle Franson, the younger, 


Matthias Stark, 


Jons Halton, 


Edward Robinson, 


John Tossa, 


Fetter Fietterson, 


Mr. Wholle Stobey, besides what he did 

on the other 

• side as a churchwarden, collecting money, &c.. 



Day*s Work. 

Fetter Walkow, 


John Mounson, 


Thomas Johnson, 


John Skrika, 


Peter Anderson, 


Joran Anderson, 


Wm. Robinson. 


Matthias De Foss, besides 

all the smithing 

he has done for 

Ihe Church. 


Hans Hal ton, 


John Seneke, 


Israel Stark, 


Lasse Tossa, 


Anders Hendrickson. 


Hendrick Peterson, 


Peter Kukon, 


Erick Erickson, 


Bengst Poulson, 


John Anderson, 





John Hopman, 


Erick Anderson, 


Paul Paulson, 


Simon's son from Sahakitko, 


923 X 

The following persons were 


lb. — s.- d. 

Charles Hedge for cutting stone i month, i 15 o 

Clement Jacobson for a month's work with the mason i 15 o 
Petter Larson, a Swede first time in seven days work,o 9 o 
In the summary of the account of the money, several 
small sums are recorded in the lump, and these are included 

The following have carted various stuff but not reckoned 
with the foregoing days* work : 
Lucas Stidham, besides frequent jobs when the carpenters 

were with him. 14 d lys. 

Thomas Jones, loan of horse, 6 


Day's Work 

Jons Anderson. 12 

Pietter Canpany, 13 
Jesper Walraven, 

Besides what he helped when the carpenters were with him. 8 

Jonas Walraven, 6 

Joran Anderson, 2 

Petter Mounson, i 

Petter Petterson. 2 

Hendrick Tossa. 14 

Conratt Constantine, 3 

John Mounson. i 

John Tossa, i 

Kdward Robinson, 7 

Matthias Petterson. 2 horses, S/4 
Brewer Seneke, lent hiS besides with his two pair of oxen he 

brought laths from Petter Stalcop's with Jons Walraven, 12 

Erick of Cranehook, with two horses. • 2 

Olle Thoiusou, with two horses, 4 

John Stallcop, 10 

Irvlofif Stedham, 9 

Hendrick Jacobson. 4 

Asmund Stedham, 8 

Paul f^om Cranehook with two horses, i 

Charles Springer, lent his, 10 

Matz Tossa with his, went to Philadelphia after the m\son, 2 

John Clemmetson on the same errand with Petter Stallcop 's , 

and Petter Mounson 's horses, 2 

The following necessary things were done by one and another 
at home, furnishing and bringing them forward. 

Benedict- Stedham and John Clemmetson together, furnished 
ceiling joists, 40 sticks, 1 1 feet long and 5 inches one way and 3 
inches the others, bringing them to Asmund Stedham 's 
with a canoe, 40 sticks. 

Petter Mounson and John Tossa together in same manner 40 
John Mounson and Hendrick Tossa together, also 40 '* 




Day's Work. 

Petter Petterson and Powel Petterson • • • ' 40 

Olle Thomson in same manner, 20 ' * 

Which makes in all 180 ** 

The following furnished lath for plastering 3 feet long, i inch 
broad and X ^"^^ thick. 

John Anderson cock, 4000 

Petter Stalcop, 5000 

Matthias Pietterson, 1000 

Erick Anderson, 1000 

Hendrick Jacobson, 1000 

Shingling laths 1 1 feet long. 

Jasper Walraven. 300 sticks. 

Lucas Stedham, 200 ** 

Luloflf Stedham, 200 **' 

700 " 
Though Lucas helped after Lnloff was taken sick. 

Charles Springer is not reckoned for any particular 
day's work in this account, though in addition to some 
day*s work in assisting the carpenters he has from the 
first beginning to the end been engaged in. various 
journeys and errands connected with the business, as 
also to gather together what was necessary such as brick, 
lime, nails, boards, and various other things, going now 
to one place and then to another, as to Philadelphia or 
Upland, Sandhook or Maryland, devoting hereto many 
days and weeks, being absent from his home; and this 
all at his own expense, and with his own horse, and 
entirely without the least expense to the congregation, 
but nevertheless all this could not be conveniently 
reckoned in the day's work account. 

Brewer Sencke, instead of day's work, gave 12 bushels 
of wheat, which at that time was worth 5 shillings a 
bushel, amounting to 3 pounds. 


Over and above the ready money this year 1698, was 
given as follows: 

Jasper Walraven gave a black horse named Bock, and 
thereto 3 bushels oats and 8 bushels of rye at 4 shillings 
and 6 pence a bushel. 

Lucas Stedham, 8 bushels buckwheat and 2 bushels of 

Brewer Senckethe second time gave 12 bushels of 
wheat and 4 bushels of rye at 4 shillings 6 pence. 

Hans Pietterson, eight bushels of rye at four shillings 
six pence, one bushel malt at five shillings and one 
bushel of oats; Charles Springer one and one-half bushel 
oats and some eight-penny nails for the roof, and when 
the roof was raised he gave freely almost a whole barrel 
of good beer and seven quarts of rum for the strangers. 
Staffin Juranson gave a sheep worth twelve shillings 
and the widow on Pumpkinhook five pounds butter at 

In the year 16^9 was given by Brewer Seiiceke nine 
bushels of barley at five shillings a bushel,. Lucas Sted- 
ham one bushell oats, senior Arent Johnson one bushel 
oats, Peter Stalcop nearly one bushel of maize, Lucas 
Stedham one bushel malt at six shillings, Peter Moun- 
son forty-three pounds of butter at nine-pence a pound, 
Charles Springer thirty-six candles for the carpenters, 
Brewer Senecke twenty-seven and Asmund Stidham six 
teen candles. Most of these articles were brought to 
John Stalcop's and he took them towards boarding. 
Asmund Stedham had a small part of them but the 
buckwheat, maize, and a bushel of barley were used for 
feeding the horses. Erick on Cranehook gave seven 
walnut boards for the pulpit and two other four-cornered 
sticks for the chair. 


Peter Peiterson gave three pieces of board, and Lucas 
Stedham one board and a plank, Lucas Stidham and 
Fetter Pieterson together gave a walnut stick twenty feet 
long for the turned work, Asmund two sticks for the 
same use and Jesper Walraven one also, John Anderson 
Kock gave ten sticks ten feet long and three by four 
inches thick, and Brewer Senecke a log for the turned 
work. The following have boarded the workmen and 
afterwards given it to the church. 

Mistress Britta on the old land boarded them five 
weeks at six shillings with Dick the negto five weeks in 
all, seven pounds ten shillings of which he gave four 
pounds thirteen shillings; Hendrick Jacobson boarded 
in all four weeks two and one-half days but gave it all 
in one pound five shillings and six pence. John Stal- 
cop boarded the masons and carpenters at 6 shillings a 
week for each person to the amount of 35 pounds and 
5 shillings. And various other persons of i pound 
and 15 shillings. To which should be reckoned on 
making up the account 2 pounds 8 shillings; Lucas 
Stedham who had two day laborers with him 13 weeks, 
and then the two carpenters 9 weeks and also other 
laborers at other times as much as four weeks for which 
he should have in all 7;^, 6 shillings and 8d, which of 
his good heart he gave freely for the glory of God. 
LulofF Stedham kept three carpenters five-and-one- 
half weeks which amounted to 5;^, 15 shillings which 
he gave in, and also for other laborers to the amount of 
to 4;^, 10 shillings. 

Asmund Stedham kept the glazier a month at 6 shil- 
lings a week, and two day laborers four weeks, and also 
various other day laborers, which according to a resolu- 
tion in the meeting we were to pay him for which in all 
amounted to lO;^, 14 shillings which was paid; besides 


























these he kept many who were to pay for themselves, but 

of whom he got nothing. 

Here follows an account of the whole cost as near as I 

can gather the items together, viz: 

£. sh. d 
795 bu. lime at 20 pence a bu. and 4 pence per 

bu. freight, 

Bricks for doors, windows and floor, 12,500 

Mason for all, 

For negro who was with him. 

Carpenters, . . - - - . 

Glazier for 330 ft of glass at 16 pence. 

Hinges for pew doors, 46 pairs at 3sh. 6d, 

1800 shingles, ----- 

N. B. — 1,700 unprepared, cost 20 sh. per tooo, 

but the eighteenth thousand that we took 

afterwards were all ready and therefore cost 

I pound, 3sh.— cost of all that were bought, 49 4 ^ 

The sawyers for 5,220 ft. at 6sh. a hundred, and 

four days crook^'d sawing at 6sh. a day, 

with going and coming, makes in all, - 17 9 3 

One inch and one-half inch boards bought 2000 

feet, .-.•--- - 9 00 

Nails for the whole work, 28 15 5 

N. B. — In this are not included what John Nu- 

merson gave, namely*, 1700 nails. 55 to the 

pound, nor smaller, 1704 — no to the pound, 

nor Hans Pietterson, ir% pence, nor 

Chas. Springer, hair at 10 pence per bushel, 4 11 o 
Various other small matters, - - - - 34 9 10% 

Whereto should be added 2 pounds freight for the 20(x> feet of 
boards and 200 pounds lath nails, which Mr. Smouth sent down 
and are not reckoned elsewhere, and 30 shillings increased pay 
for Mr. Harrison in the contract with Mr. Smart, which was not 
included in the other account, and is brought in here. 

The stone for the whole Church wall in all 700 loads, 600 fOf 
the wall, 20 feet high and 100 feet for the gable ends. 

All the timber was cut on our own wood lot where it was found 
best and most convenient. 

















£. S. d. 

The days works including the drawing are all 
together 1028 days, which would be at 3s. a day, 154 40 

To which is to be added amount of board given in 

Luloff Stedham half, 
Jesper Walraven gave half, 
Cost at the consecration, 

770 2 6}4 

There is no account here of the 180 ceiling joists, nor 
of the 700 laths, nor of the 12000 small laths. My own 
board ought also to be added, and various other small 
things. It seems to me therefore, safe to say, that in 
round numbers the whole Church building, as it now 
within a year, (Glory be to God,) is come to be finished, 
has cost 800 pounds Pennsylvania currency. 

There is another thing that has not heretofore been 
mentioned and taken into account, namely, that we have 
been specially fortunate with regard to the sand, which 
at first we thought we should be obliged to bring either 
from the other side of the river or some place on this side 
like Bokton, and we did get some canoe loads before the 
work began, which we afterwards used for the brick- 
work of the doors and windows, but we saw that it 
would be a tedious and wearisome work to get the sand 
in that way; we luckily discovered that there was better 
sand for the walls on the late Jacob Van de Ver's island, 
and with all better and safer conveyance. Therefore with 
the free consent of the owner, (the late Jacob Van de 
Ver's widow Catharine,) we transported from there in 
canoes all the sand for the building with the greatest 


For the payment of the bills has been received in 
ready money as follows: 

£. s. d. 
ist From the first subscription, 176 2 o 
2d. The various articles taken for board, 11 15 01 
3d. Money from the purse for year 1698, 11 09 05 
4th. Money in the purse on day of con- 
secration, II 06 09 >^ 
5th. Paid in for books, 14 12 08 
6th. Charles Springer's thanksgiving for 
God's help in his recovery from 
sickness, 3 20 20* 

228 06 03 >^ 

When we had collected all the accounts we found that 
we owed a balance of 135 pounds, 8 shillings and 6 
pence, besides the borrowed money which the church 
borrowed of John Hanson Stillman, which was 200 

a. And the Honorworthy Sir Magister Ericus Biork, 
Christina Congregation's Praiseworthy Church Pastor, 
has for the glory of God and the love which he has for 
his church, given and donated the 135 lbs. 8 shillings, 
6 pence. 

Here it should be remembered that when I undertook 
this work I had just come into the country and was 
ignorant of everything here, and entirely unknown to 
anyone, but trusting in God's gracious assistance and 
believing with sure faith that for the honour of his name 

a. This was undoubtedly entered here by the clerk, and refers to a lat- 
ter period as will appear by referring to the next page. 


he would not let me come to shame nor be a laughing 
stock for those who would have gladly seen the under- 
taking a failure, I persevered and found that though the 
means at first were difficult of procurement, yet the work 
went on faster and more favorably than I could reason- 
ably have expected. The burden lay upon me principally 
to get the workmen and contract with them, and see that 
they were paid, and I could not bear that they should be 
asking me for their money or blame me, but God in this, 
showed me peculiar goodness, he having richly blessed 
one of our own folk, John Hanson Stillman, by name, 
living at Sahakitko in Elk River, in Maryland, who 
was moved with such kindness towards me in connection 
of the carrying on of this work, that upon my simple 
word he trusted me hereto, first with 100 pounds country 
currency the first year, and then the next year another 
100 pounds, though I was to pay the usual interest so 
long as it was outstanding. 

The 24th of June or midsummer day. — We held a 
general meeting of the congregation according to notice 
given two Sundays before. 

ist. For the important opportunity which I took to 
show a statement of the whole cost of the church, as 
well in money as in days works, and what each one had 
done towards it so far as was possible for me to point 

2nd. To show them the back-standing debt which 
was 236 pounds, of which I took on myself 36 pounds, a. 

3rd. To finally let each one know just where his seat 
was to be, acting according to my best judgment in the 
matter and the knowledge that i had, as I knew how much 
each one had given and how willing each one had been, 
reckoning however, for each one on the other side of 

a. The whole was gfiven in afterwards. 


the river double against those on this side, for they had 
much inconvenience and many times must do without 
Divine service, while they on this side can come 
thereto, namely, they who have given one pound on 
the other side, should have room with those who have 
given two pounds on this side. 

4th. To collect a sum during the coming Autumn to 
be applied to pay a part of the debt, which is shown by 
the subscription. 

5th. We began again about the glebe, thinking to 
get a decided conclusion upon it in writing. But what 
happened ! In the meantime since the last meeting 
which was the 22nd of April, for what cause I know 
not, John Stalcop had taken it into liis head that he 
would not stand to the last bargain, which yet was so 
certainly and firmly agreed to, unless we would so take 
it of him that all the land (500 acres,) should be kept as 
a parsonage forever, (as the English 3ay,) that is, that 
none of it shall ever be sold. Now this is utterly un- 
reasonable and contrary to bur former honest bargain, 
considering too that we did not really want so much for 
a glebe, and that this 500 acres lies in two separate 
pieces and there are two separate deeds, and that only 
the piece which is of the old land is needed, and that he 
will not separate the other part which is woodland from 
the former though it is in another deed, but compel us 
to buy all. Therefore he should not insist that we 
■should buy so much at one time, and so write the bond 
that neither we nor our posterity should ever sell any 
of it, even if it should prove too burdensome for our 
means and ability. Therefore we gave ourselves anew 
in talk with John Stalcop and asked him if he would 
again go back on his promise by such a project. 


His answer was that he would not let us have it on 
any other condition than that we should have and keep 
all. We asked him to keep the upper part himself and 
give a little off the piece, but he would not do that. So 
as I perceived we could do nothing, I ended my talk 
with him, saying to him that he evidently grudged 
doing me a favor or that there had been others at work 
with him. I thanked the rest of the congregation for 
their good will towards me and all my successors, shown 
by their willingness to be at so much expense for so 
much land and to gratify m^ now particularly as my 
weary feet have walked here enough already while the 
church was building, and therefore I should gladly have 
seen that I now could have a nearer church path and 
said that the blame rested entirely on John Stalcop 
who had again forfeited his word, and that the after- 
coming will severely condemn him, and so I resolved 
never to say anything more about it. 

6th. The money that had been contributed towards 
the 20 fts. should not be idle but be used to pay some 
debts, and more to be gathered if any land should 
be bought for a parsonage hereafter. 

7th. We bought a canoe according to the promise 
made, when we finally came to agree that the church 
should be at Christina which should be lent for the use 
of those who came by the way of Sandhook, and be 
used for no other purpose except for ferrying the church- 

This canoe was bought entirely new o'f Hendrick 
Tossa, in Bokton, on the other side of Brantwein's creek 
for 20 shillings, country money, and delivered to StafFen 
J. Inranson, at Pumpkin Hook, that he with the others 
might take care of it, so that the folk on this side, who 



only agreed to get one canoe with which to go free over 
the Christina, would not be bound to procure another. 

N. B. — What happened afterward concerning the 
Priestland,awhile after this meeting,i.e., the 4th of Aug., 
I came to John Stalcop's, when he, contrary to expecta- 
tions, asked me to go and ride with him around the land 
and see on what conditions he would make it over at the 
next session of the court at Sandhook. 

The proposition seemed strange to me as I had entirely 
given up the idea of the purchase, yet I answered 
to the effect that I would go for the pleasure of it, but I 
knew no way to get the 20 ;^'s. at so short notice as the 
session is so near, viz., the 15th of Aug., the money col- 
lected before being given out, and the congregation be- 
ing ignorant of this; but he answered me that neverthe- 
less it could be brought about somehow. 

So the next day we went all around and when we sep- 
arated I repeated my former determination that we will 
never take it forever, but he had changed his mind as to 
that, and had hit on the plan that we should change the 
wood lot with him because the wood lot belonging to 
John Stalcop's land at Christina, lies alongside the land 
which is called old land, which is the proposed purchase 
for the glebe and the wood lot of that old land, lies ad- 
joining the Christina land. He proposed, therefore, to 
exchange so that each wood lot would go with the land 
to which it adjoined. I answered, that will be a new 
matter for the congregation to consider, and it will be 
necessary to find out if the land is equally good and of 
equal quantity. John Stalcop said he thought there , 
could not be much difference, and if there was any differ- 
ence in measure he would make it up from the other. 
We separated with the understanding that I could not 


give a definite answer to his proposition for or against at 
that time. 

Finally; the next week, the 8th of August, it happened 
that I met the Churchwardens Charles Springer and 
John Stalcop on the other side of the river, at the house 
of Church warden Wholle Stobey, and among other things 
we began again to talk of this matter when Charles 
Springer was so earnestly interested in the business, that 
he with John Stalcop's assent, came over immediately 
on the 9th of Aug., and called some of the people to- 
gether to go over both the wood lots with him and see if 
there was much difference betwixt them. 

The 1 2th of August there came Church Warden 

Brewer Seneke with Olle Thomas and Petter Stalcop, 
but after the two Church Wardens Brewer Seneke and 
Charles Springer came together, it was thought they 
were sufficient, so they therefore took the business upon 
themselves and rode through both lots and decided that the 
exchange should be made, and if there should be any 
deficiency in measure John Stalcop should make it up, 
and so nothing more was heard of the forever but the 
purchase now stands certain and sure. 

The 13th, on Sunday I had Charles Springer and 
Jasper Wal raven again ask John Stalcop if he stood to 
his bargain. Then Mr. Wholle Stobey promised to furnish 
the 20 lb. till it could be collected by the congregation 
of which I informed the congregation from the pulpit, 
and gave notice that they must contribute again within 
a month, each one according to his ability, enough to 
make up the 20 pounds, which would be the 14th after 
Trinity, September loth, 

As now Church Warden John Stalcop has well consid- 
ered the matter of selling his land for a glebe so that he 
and his thereby not only now but hereafter will win an 


honorable name, he therefore on Michaelmas day, after 

the close of Divine service, wished that a contract of 

purchase should be drawn up for fear of sudden death or 

other hindrance, and it was done as the copy hereto 


Articles of agreement made, done and concluded by and between 
John Stalcop of Christina, of the County of New Castle, of the 
one party, and the Reverend Minister Ericus Biork, Minister of 
Christina congregation, and Mr. Wholle Stobey, Brewer Seneke, 
Jacobus Van de Ver. and Charles Springer, Church Wardens of 
tlie aforesaid congregation of the other party witnesseth 

Whereas, there is a certain plantation and Tract of Land 
lying and sittuate upon ChrivSteen creek commonly called the old 
land which had been formally In ye possession of Charles 
Pickering, containing by the two Quid deeds 500 acres, now this 
to be understood, that Whereas this aforesaid Tract of land lyeth 
in two Tracts, now this Tract which belongeth to the Old land 
will I John Stallcop make over to the aforesaid persons for the 
use Intended according to the pattent. Butt for the Other Tract 
of woodland Be it known that I have made an exchange with 
the Churchwardens by Reason that the Woodland which did be- 
long to the Old land, did not lye so convenient. Butt did lye 
convenient to my land which belongeth to Christina, and the 
other lyeth convenient to the Tract of the Old land so called, 
and doe oblidge myself to make up for all the exchange, the 
principal number which is 500 Acres. Be it known that I John 
Stalcop for a Valuable consideration that is one hundred and sixty 
pounds of Silver Money hath freely and absolutely sold this 
aforesaid plantation, with house. Orchard, cleared ground and 
fencing half the hook meadow, and the 500 Acres of land as the 
draughts more at large doth specifye and with all the con- 
veniences whatsoever thereunto doth belong, which aforesaid 
Tract of land the Revered Minister Ericus Biork and Wholle 
Stobey , Brewer Seneke, Jacobus Van de Ver and Charles 
Springer, as Minister and Churchwardens, of Christeen Congre- 
gation have In and for the behalf of Christeen Congregation 
Bought this aforesaid Tract of land for church land and for a 


Minister to live upon so that it shall proper belong to the 
Church, and for Ministers to live upon and dispose of what 
They think fitt. Know ye Now that I John Stallcop have firmly 
and absolutely sould this aforesaid land, with all the con- 
veniences thereunto belonging, for i6o pounds Silver Money, 120 
pounds to be paid at the signing and delivery of this agreement, 
and 40 pounds more to be paid at or upon the 29th of Septem. 
ber, 1700; to be paid unto me or my heirs Administrators Or 
Assigns and more over I doe sell this land clear from any manner 
of Incumbrances Whatsoever as free from Lea vy and Quitt Rents, 
and free for any one to have anything to say or to lay any man- 
ner of claim or claims to it and also I obliedgemyselfe to bear 
halfe the charges, what shall come for survay and deed and 
Recordings of ye writings to the dark and I doe oblidge me or 
my heirs and Administrators, that is, when being Required 
thereunto to make it over unto the Revererd Minister and afore- 
said Churchwardens In Open Court. Now for the more confir- 
mation hearof have I Interchangeably sett my hand and seal the 
29th of September 1699. his 

Delivered in ye presence John X Stallcop.' 

and confirmed before us, as [l. s.] mark 


Matthias de Foss, 
Asmund \ Stedham, 

The following distribution of pews was made in Holy Trinity 
Church, on Midsummer's day, 1699. 

men's side. 

I. The four pews by the wall on the south side; 
The I . Set apart for the sexton's pew. 

2. Mons. Wholle Stobey, Charles Springer, John Stalcop 
and Brewer Seneke. 

The 3 Hans Pietterson, Lucas Stedham, Lulof Stedham, 
Steffan Juranson and Matthias de Foss. 

The 4. John Anderson Cock. Jacob Hendrickson, Eric Ericson, 
Fetter Person in Boykton, Fetter Mounson and Fowel Fetterson. 

II. First quarter on the main aisle containing six pews. 


The I. Free pew for strangers who may occasionally attend. 

The 2. Mons. John Hanson Stillman, Jesper Walraven, Fetter 
Stalcop, Arent Van de Burgh, which stands for his life- time. 

The 3. Hendrick Jacobson, Wholle Thomson, Hendrick Stobey 
and John Mink. N. B. — Afterwards sold to Conrad Constantine. 

The 4. Jacob Van de Ver. (over the river,) Asmund Stedham, 
Edward Meum. N. B. — Afterwards sold to Feter Classon and 
Jonas Walraven. 

The 5. Richard Runnelson, John Mounson, Cornelius Van de 
Ver and Juran Liken. 

The 6. Michael Vainam, Joran Anderson, Conratt Constantine 
and 01 le Franson. 

III. The second quarter below the door containing 

eight pews. 

The I. William Van de Ver, Fetter Canpany, lyasse Hindrick- 
son, (from the other side,) Fetter Fetterson, (from the other side,) 
John Clemmenson, Christina Anderson and Anders Hofioian. 

The 2. Matthias Skrika, Matz Fetterson, Jons Anderson, 
Frederick Hofman, Erick Hotten, Anders Vainan, Matz 
Neilsson and James Brewer. 

The 3. Benedictus Stedham, Matz Tossa, Thomas Skrika, 
Hendric Hendrickson, Lucas, Hans and Gabriel Fetterson, and 
Erick Anderson. A man by the name of Fetter Jonson Walkow, 
living away at Marcus Hook, wished a seat here, for which he 
promised to pay three pounds to the church. 

The 4. Hendrick Orraue, Hendric Tossa, John Tossa, Thomas 
Jones, Hans Halton, Eskel Hotten, Fahl Fahlsson, (at Raccoon 
Creek,) and Las^e Vainam. 

The 5. P^l (on Crane hook,) Hans G6stafsson,John Hopman, 
Mans Hopman, Nicholas Hofman, Mans Halton, John Seneke and 
Hendrick Bassman. 

The 6. Simon Janson in Sakitko, Knutt Quist, Anders Gedson, 
Olle Nielson, John Hendrickson (at the lone tree) John Hendrick- 
son Mekenny, Charles Hedge, Joran Orrane Andrew Frende and 
Lasse Hendrickson (from the other side.) 

The 7. Vacant. 

The 8. Vacant. 



I. On the main aisle, first quarter; 

The I . Free for strangers, etc. 

The 2. John Stalcop's wife, John Hanson's wife and the widow 
on Pumpkinhook. 

The 3. Brewer Seneke, Matthias de Foss. Staffan Joranson 
and Hans Pietterson*s wives. 

The 4. Britta Peters and the wives of Charles Springer, Lucas 
Stedham and Peter Stalcop. 

The 5. The widow of Jacob Clementz and the wives of Jesper 
Walraven, Hendrick Stobcy and Jonas Walraven. 

The 6. The wives of Richard Run els, Asmund vS ted ham. 
Conratt Constantine and John Mink. 

II. The lonjy pews on the north side between the 
pulpit and the door. The wives of Edward Menm, 
Jacob Van de Ver, Olle Thomas, Jacob Henderson, John 
Anders Cock, Hendrick Juarsson, Erick Erick and Joran 

III. Below the door the 2d quarter, 8 pews. 

The I. The widow of Jacob Van de Ver (on the island,) Petter 
Moun's mother and wife, and the wives of John Mouns, Cor- 
nelius Van de Ver, Wm. Van de Ver, Lasse Vinam, Pahl Petter- 
son and Petter Petterson in Bokton. 

The 2. Thomas Jones, Anders Hopman, John Tossa, Pahl 
Pahlson,Benedictus Stedham, Hen dric Tossa, Kdward Robbisson^ 
and Joran Anderson's wives. 

The 3. The widow Margetta (on Cranehook,) Savoi's widow 
and wives of Anders Seneke, Frederick Hopman, John Van de 
Ver, John Henderson from the other side, and John Henderson 
on this side of the river. 

The 4. The widow on Sheephook, and the wives of Erick 
Anderson, Matz Petterson, Olle Tossa, Pahl on Cranehook and 
Matz Stark: and the young Karin Hendrick. 

The 5. The widow of Israel Stark, and the wives of John 


Hopman, Anders Hopman, Anders Prende, Mouns Halton, Hans 
Peitterson (from the other side,) and Michael Vainam. 

The 6. Elizabeth Skaggen, and the wives of Anders Vainsam, 
Olle Pranson, Fetter Anderson, John Senekeand Olle Nielson. 

The 7. The wives of Hans Gostafsson, Edward Matthew, Lasse 
Hendrick, Hans Halton, Fetter Petterson (on the other side,) and 
Pahl Fahl at Rattcongs Creek. 

In order that the reader or hearer may be informed 
how all has progressed from my first (through God's 
grace) coming here, and of the church being afterward 
•called Christina congregation, with the proper churches 
beginning, progress and finishing of its cost of the 
distribution of the pews, and how finally a fortunate 
conclusion with regard to the glebe was achieved, how 
as to the distribution of the pews I took into account 
all the circumstances, comparing as well as I could 
what one and another had helped towards the building, 
either in money, dayswork, or other assistance, how 
they had shown themselves more or less willing when 
the work was on hand and pressied the hardest, when I 
knew whether they could or could not work, and how 
they were moved by the many admonitions and exhor- 
tations that I have given them both from the Word of 
God and other sources to incite them to the work. 

And also how I had noticed that this or that one was 
more diligent to reverence God's house and come to 
hear His word, while others were negligent and lazy, 
and therefore ought not to have the foremost seats in 
the church which might for a half or a whole year stand 
empty, such and m^my like circumstances have been 
considered, and so far as 1 can see there has been no- 
respect shown to person's standing or respectability. 
For I who was the nearest and specially observant,. 
remarked that the church did come up by great promises 


ana many words, but next to God's help by money » 
labor, and other assistance. 

And I often said when I needed help that I should 
remember them, when the church was finished and the 
pews were given out. 

Therefore it could not be expected that it would be 
possible to please everybody, though glory be to God, 
very few so far as I could discover have been abusive to 
me. Especially was it hard to please those who had 
seldom heretofore been present, and therefore were 
ignorant of the ground on which the distribution had 
been made. Therefore I took up the business with good 
courage, and let those be ignorant who would not try to 
inform themselves. 

And so therefore after taking out those who for their 
own lifetime only have taken pews which are marked 
on the edge of them, they are given out on the terms 
that the heads of familie3, and they that have now paid 
the first cost, and have worked for them, are to have 
their room, and if there be room to spare in a pew, or 
some of the parents are absent, the unmarried children 
may take seats, but otherwise take other room farther 
down in the church, and the small children stand in the 
aisle in front c:f their parents' pews, and after the death 
of a parent, only the children who remain attached to 
the house and land which have now contributed to the 
building, but they who. have married away must look 
out for other places as opportimity may offer. 

In the meantime it is always to be understood that he 
who will not keep himself a quiet and orderly member 
and hearer in the congregation, and will with obedience 
adhere to the rules and ordinances after due notice and 
admonition, and will not do his part for himself and 


posterity, shall lose his room and shall not have it again 
unless he repent and come with a stipulated sum of 
money to purchase it again. 

But if it should be so that the room has been for a 
long time empty and another has taken it, he must get 
a place somewhere else. 

Any further matters may be left for the congregation 
to settle hereafter as circumstances may require, but all 
n good order and regularity. 

We have now through God's grace and blessing, only 
begun to prepare the way. I hope that ye who now, or 
in time to come, learn or hear, will as a well grounded 
Christian, interpret all for the best. Yet I gladly take on 
myself the faults that at any time with all this may 
have happened, but all that is well done is to be ascribed 
only to God's grace and blessing. For the greater con- 
tent and surety of posterity as to what is above related, 
the Honorworthy Churchwardens under whose Church- 
wardenship all this has been done, and happily brought 
\o a consummation with me in behalf of the congrega- 
tion. To their own honor and remembrance I have set 
down their names and marks: 

At Christina, Ericus Biork, 

at a general meeting Servant of God's word in 

held the 14th of Oct., 1699, Christina Congregation, 


William Stobey, Brewer V Seneke 


Charles Springer, Jacob Van X de Ver, 


John X Stalcop. 


Oct 14th, 1699. 


At the general meeting, ist. I read up everything from 
the first, beginning, since I through God's grace came 
here until this day, what had been done and taken place. 
Which as the present Churchwardens wished to be re- 
lieved of office they might the more safely sign their 
names to which they also did as above. 

2nd. Chose other Churchwardens and they all stuck to 
Charles Springer for one on this side, as they could not 
get along without his assistance in the Church, and 
wished that he should remain in office so long as God 
should spare his life, or at least as long as he was able 
to attend to the business, and to him they elected LulofT 
Stedham and Pietter Mounson, and on the other side 
StafFen Juranson on Pumpkin Hook and Olle Parsons at 
Raccoon Creek. 

3rd. We talked about the fence to the churchyard and 
it was concluded that during the coming year, 17CX), they 
should prepare and bring forward the stuff. 

And that it might certainly be ready, it was resolved 
that each one should bring forward 70 palings 5^ feet 
long, with rails for them 11 feet long, and posts 8 or 9 
feet long, and if anyone would get 100 palings it would 
be so much the better. 

4th. As it was all decided about the glebe, we talked 
about a building thereon and it was concluded that they 
on the other side of the river should cut and bring here 
all the timber, and they on this side should care for and 
carry forward the house building, for they on the other 
side could not conveniently be here at any such labor. 

5th. Made a bargain with Pietter Mounson to sell him 
the 100 acres of land in Bokton, which was bought for 
a glebe, he to have it for 35 pounds, leaving the timber 
that was already cut thereon, for us, and this meeting 
therewith for this time was dismissed. 


The 20th after Trinity or 22d of October on account 
of the necessity of the congregations engaging the well 
learned and proper person Swen Colesberg, to serve as 
bell ringer, promising him for the year 2 shillings and 
6 pence, and more as we are more able to pay, but as he 
was by no means able to support himself on that pay we 
took him especially for a schoolmaster, and agree to 
gather for him 18 or 20children, and he is to keep school 
for a half year at Petter Mounson's, which he in the 
Lord's name immediately began. 

Church Warden, Charles Springer bargained with 
Church Warden Petter Mounson as follows: 

Articles of agreement made, done and concluded by and between 
Petter Mounson of the one party, and Charles Springer of the 
other party as followeth: 

Be it known, that I, Petter Mounson, doe acknowledge that I 
have bought a certain Tract of land namely 100 acres with all the 
conveniences thereunto belonging, lying and being upon Dela« 
ware river, Joining next unto my land, which Tract of land did 
formerly belong unto Hanqe Pietterson and Charles Springer 
and the rest of the Church Wardens, which then at that time 
were Church Wardens, did buy this aforesr id Tract of land for a 
minister to live upon which they did in the behalf of ye congre- 
gation, then ye Cranehook's congregation called. But when it 
pleased GOD of his mercy, that when our Reverend Minister 
arrived, and the Congregation did conclude to build ye Church 
upon Christeen, so was this land found altogether not con venient 
for a minister to live upon, and so with a common consent for to 
be sould. Which aforesaid tract of land with i^}4 acres of marish 
and all ye convenience which thereunto doth belong. I Charles 
Springer as Church Warden and In ye behalf of ye congregation 
4o sell this unto Petter Mounson for him and his heirs for to have 
and hold for ever, and for which aforesaid Tract of land, I, Petter 
Mounson doe oblege me and my heirs to pay unto Charles Springer 
or his assigns the full and just summ of thirty-five pounds in Sil* 
ver Money, Twenty pounds of Silver Money to be paid at the 2 ist 


of November, at which day Charles Springer doth oblige him- 
self to make this aforesaid land over to Petter Mounson. If it 
please the Lord to permit him life and health, and the other fif- 
teen pounds the said Petter Mounson is to pay at or upon ye 15th 
of September, 1700. 

As witness our hands and seals. 
Christeen ye ist of November, 1699, 

Signed, sealed and delivered his 

in ye presence of us PIETrER P MOUNSON. 

Ericus Biork, mark, 

Minister of Christeen Congregation, CHARLES SPRINGER. 

Lucas L. S. Stedham. 

This year the 29th of November at mid-day, there 
came with a smacking breeze a ship up to Sandhook, 
and thereon finally the Proprietor and Governor William 
Penn from London came, who since he was here before, 
fifteen or sixteen years ago, had been yearly expected. 
His arrival was announced by firing ordnance from the 
ship. The people were thus notified who had rejoiced the 
country again with his presence. 

The 2nd of December, came up my good friend Mr. 
Joseph Woodcock who came on the same ship with the 
Governor, and whose parents lived on the other side of 
the river near Salem, and after kind greetings he gave 
me a letter from the Swedish Minister resident in Lon- 
don, Herr Leyonkrona and from our good friend Mr. 
John Oriott with many letters from Sweden and 
specially from the Highworthy Father the Archbishop, 
Dr. Olaus Swebillius, with the unexpected gratification 
that his Royal Majesty King Carl XII. had upon our 
humble petition on behalf of the congregation sent over 
immediately a large number of books, though unbound^ 
for the reason that his Majesty had learned from my 
letter that a large part of those that were sent at the 
first we did not get. Glory be to God who, etc. 


Copy of the letter from the Archbishop — To the 
Christly and Honorworthy Congregation ont of the 
Swedish Nation in West Indies, wishing herewith grace, 
peace and every possible blessing of God the Father 
through Jesus Christ. 

I have received the Honorworthy Congregation's very 
worthy letter dated in Pennsylvania and Delaware river 
the 30th of November 1697, and therefrom I have learned 
with pleasure of their welfare and their hearty satisfaction 
with the worthy priests sent out there, and the grace and 
happiness enjoined which are mostly due under God's 
direction and Providence to the late, but now most 
worthy and blessed in Glory our ever, gracious former 
King's great zeal and desire for the extension of our 
evangelical religion. Whose untimely departure we 
dwellers in Sweden most sincerely do mourn, .but com- 
fort ourselves therein that the most High God has vouch- 
safed us in his place the late King's royal son the High 
mighty King Carl XH. whose reign be blessed. 

As I have gathered the information from the letters of 
the priests sent out, that some of the congregation wish 
to have certain psalm books and other books, I have 
preferred this, their humble request, to His High re- 
nowned, our now reigning, most gracious King, accord- 
ing to the duty which always lies on me, to forward the 
welfare and best good of God's Church. 

And so I assure the congregation's respective member- 
ship, that as his Royal Majesty in all other respects fol- 
lows his praiseworthy royal father's honored example, so 
is his Royal Majest>' none the less careful for the congre- 
gation's well being and the Christly religfious protection, 
and with unusual carefulness to succor and provide for the 
highly honored congregations in America, instructing 


His Majesty's council to take care to arrange so that the 
highworthy congregations so soon as possible should 
have teachers to comfort and instruct them, and also 
showed his Christly care for them in sending the desired 
books. For the rest in what may promote and conduce 
to the worthy congregation's upbuilding I shall do 
whatever lies in me and spare no pains so long as God 
grants me life. 

In conclusion, I earnestly wish that God will be 
pleased to increase in you His knowledge and grace daily 
that you may grow therein, to whose gracious protec- 
tion both in general and particular, I commend you, 

And faithfully remain. 

The Honorworthy and Christly, 

Congregation's well wisher, 

Upsala, Olaus Sw^ebiluus. 

Dec. 26th, 1698. Archbishop of Upsala. 

Copy of the Swedish Minister's letter from London: 

To the Honorworthy and Highly Respected, Messrs. 
the Church Pastor with the Honorable bom and Well 
esteemed Company of the Lutheran Congregation, on the 
river Ware, in the West Indies: 

It has pleased His Mijesty my Most Gracious King 
and Lord, graciously to send some spritual books to the 
Honor born and well esteemed Congregation in order 
that there might be nolack in whatever will conduce to 
to their own devotion and the Christian nurture of their 
children. His Majesty in all Royal duties follows fully 
the example of his late great High renowned Royal 
Father and in this particular has so followed in his foot- 
steps and has graciously been pleased to remember the 
church, giving me most graciously directions to take 


care that the desired books might be sent from here 
to the destined p'lace; and so I have with much labor 
fulfilled my most humble duty conformably, and there- 
with I congratulate myself very much that I find so 
good opportunity to acknowlege and thank your Honor- 
worthiness and the well born, and much respected con- 
gregation for their various, and to me very interesting 
letters which are come well in hand. And I sincerely w:ish 
that in some measure I may be able to be of service to 
them^ here whereto they shall constantly find me 
always ready, and in the mean time and until some 
^ood opportunity offers I cannot refrain from recom- 
mending them in the best manner to Mr. Penn, who 
intends to go by this ship in which the books are sent 
over and which is named Canterbury, who has promised 
me that as much as possible he will attend to them, and 
I am peTsuaded that he will keep his promise. In con- 
clusion, I wish your Honorworthiness and the Honor- 
bom, and well respected congregation all, peculiar 
welfare and constant prosperity. 

London, August 3rd, 1699. Your Honorworthiness and 

the Honorbom and Well 

Respected Congregation's 

Ever ready for Service, 

Servant, ^ 


The first of Advent I read the Highworthy Arch- 
bishop's and the Hon. Resident's letters from the pulpit 
with thanksgiving to God for His grace, and an exhorta- 
tion to fear God, eta 

Copy of the Bill of Lading for the Books. — Shipped 
by the grace of God in good order and well conditioned 


by ChristofFer Leyonkroiia in and upon the good ship 
called Canterbur>% whereof is Master under God for this 
present voyage, Capt. Henry Trageny, and now riding 
at anchor in the river Thames and bound by God's grace 
for Pennsvlvania. 

One chest No. i, one box No. 2. 

Being marked and numbered as in the bill, and all to be 
delivered in the like good order and well conditioned at 
the aforesaid port of Pennsylvania, the dangers of the 
seas only excepted, unto Mr. Ericiis Biork, Minister to- 
the Swedish Congregation, or to his assigns, he, or they 
paying freight for the said goods at the rate of 15 
shillings for the whole, with primage and average 
accustomed. In witness whereof, the Master or Purser 
of the said ship hath affirmed to three such bills of 
lading, all of this tenure and date, the one of which 
being accomplished, the other two to stand void. And 
so God send the good ship to her haven in safety. Amen, 

Henry Tragena'. 

Dated at London, August 4th, 1699. 

M R. John Eriot's Letter. 

London, August 4th, 1699. 

Herr M agister Ericus Biork : — 

Since my last letter of May 22nd, no letters from My 
Herr have been received, neither has any letter for 
Mons. come to hand from Sweden; all the letters 
received from Mons. are sent to Sweden under good 
address, and I hope they are now come well to hand. 
This is to enclose the acknowldgement to accompany 
over a chest and box of books which the Hon. President 
Leyonkrona received from Sweden, which the Herr Pres- 
ident bade me consign to you. He sends many greetings 


to the Mons. Heir Riidman and Herr Aureen and the 
same also from 

Your humble servant, 


P. S. — Freight on these books must be paid hjy Mine 
Herr according to the contracts pf the consignment. 

The 5th of December I rode up to Philadelphia with 
Mr. Carl Springer to receive the book chest and box, 
which took place on the 7th of December. After which I 
with my colleagues Magister Andrew Rudman and Herr 
Aureen, with a large part of the upper congregation paid 
our respects to the Governor, who assured us Swedes 
that he would hereafter as he had heretofore done, show 
us all possible favor, and he also related to us the cir- 
cumstances connected with the shipment of the books, &c. 

For the transportation from England we paid 15 shil- 
lings, which is in the currency of this coimtry 22 shil- 
lings 6 pence. They were all taken to Magister Rud- 
man's house to be bound hereafter. In the box were 
two purses or sacks for our Church, about which I had 
written to my sister Magdalena Biork some time before, 
yet by no means expecting that her husband, my brother- 
in-law Gustaff Rudbeck, would be at so great expense 
and labor thereon as the work showed, they sending 
therewith a silver ferule and silver bell, with a turned 
red colored handle in three pieces, and each purse with 
my name thereon as a g^ft to me. I took one of them 
with me at once, and it was used in our Church the first 
time New Year's Day, 1700, and in the name of my 
brother and sister I gave it to Holy Trinity Church and 
Congregation for a New Year's gift, and as the congre- 
gation (composed of those on this side of the river only • 
as they alone could be present at tliis time of the year) 


got to know of it before hand, they showed their grati- 
fication tKerewith by contributing at the time in silver 
3 pounds lo shillings and 7 pence, and in copper 2 shil- 
lings and ^Yi stivers, and so the Church not only was 
blessed with a New Year's g^ft from Sweden, but by its 
own congregation was enriched by a generous sum of 
money. Glory be to God for his grace and blessing. 

The other purse I laid up, not wishing to have it 
used till the church was ready and consecrated * 

♦N. B. — ^Meaning: the church at Wicacoe. 

On Christmas day according to our Swedish custom 
and church directory, we held Oct. Song {a.) early in the 
morning, which should take place with lights. 

Benedict Stedham, at my* request, volunteered with 
the help of Swen Colesberg and Matz Tossa, to prepare 
four crowns of wood for which he with much pains 
sought for naturally crooked branches for light stands, 
each crown having 17 pipes or sockets. We delayed 
hanging them as he thought of getting some other and 
better ones in addition, but he immediately thereupon 
sickened and this was his last work. He was not able 
to be present at the festival when the day came, and 
finally died. I held him up as an example for the 
church, and related this and other small things that he 
was ever ready to do for God's house with gladness, 
without reference to his own work, even if it were 
behindhand. New Year's day 1700, we used for the 
first time the newly received purse or sack of which 
mention is made above. 

There came upon us with the beginning of this year 

severe and contagious sickness, dysentery, which 
especially in Bokton and round about was very violent 
and many of our congregation died, but none on this side 

a. Service of the actant or eig^hth day after a feAtival. 


the creek. Those who finally lived through, remained 
afterwards, overwhelmed with all sorts of difficulties in 
their bodies, with pains and lameness which kept them 
down mostly till about Easter. 

I used special prayers on account of it in the 
church, with exhortations and admonishing to a godly 

The sickness was so severe and violent for a time that 
I could not be at home any day, and was doubtful when I 
left any sick,if I should find them living when I returned 
in the evening or following day 

Finally, about Easter ( God be praised) the scourge 
began more and more to hold up from us. 

Pietter Mounson wishect to his bargain with us 
for the purchase of the lOO acres of land, notwithstand- 
ing so plain a written agreement was made betwixt 
him and Mr. Charles Springer, and the sale ought to go 
forward instead of backward; yet, finally, for the sake 
of one and another reason which he gave as he was 
willing to contract anew, it was allowed to him and he 
made a new agreement which was written upon the first 

one as follows: 

The contract for the land purchase on the other side is for 
various reasons given up, and Churchwarden Pietter Mounson, 
for a new bargain has promised to the Church 3 pounds, and 
then in the coming spring 2 pounds, .and the remainder after- 
wards at a convenient time when he has paid up his brother 
John Mounson. Whereto he has set his hand in presence of 


Pietter P Mounson. 

Christina Creek. 

Feb. 19th, 1700. 


Charles Springer . 


JORAN X Anderson. 



When we agreed with Swen Colesberg to serve as bell- 
ringer and schoolmaster, we promised that in the spring 
we would cut timber for a house here by the Church for 
pennanentuse for such purposes; and sufficient timber 
was cut on the glebe wood lot, 43 pieces 20 feet long. But 
on account of the sickness and other hindrances, nothing 
was done further about it and the timber was never 
brought forward. 

Early in May the school -keeping in Bokton was dis- 
continued, partly on account of the above mentioned sick- 
ness and some other causes, particularly, that some in- 
considerate persons neglected to keep their children 
steadily at school, though they were diligently and 
thoroughly taught, and so things did not proceed as 
they ought and the teacher got little for his pains. 

And so he concluded that he would leave the business 
entirely, especialiy as the promise of the school-house had 
not come to any fulfillment, and he was, as it were, 

In the meantime, there opened another way out 
through Joran Anderson, who, as he removed to another 
place, left his house to Swen Colesberg entirely free for 
a half year to keep school in, and with it a piece of land 
to plant, and Jasper Walraven, of his goodness to help 
forw rd what he saw was for the glory of God, viz., the 
education of the children, gave also, not only a piece of 
ground for cultivation, but also promised him free 
board for two months, which he stood to. 

As Sw^en Colesberg could not for one and another hin- 
drance begin his school-keeping right away, he imder- 
took of his own free will to paint the windows and 
doors of the Church in which work he spent seven days, 
having two or three days of help, sometimes from LulofT 
Stedham's boys and sometimes from Asmund's, and As- 


mtind Stedham gave him free board while the work was 
in progress. 

Holy Trinity Sunday I held evensong and I have 
resolved to do so through my time yearly, so long as 
God shall vouchsafe me health and strength as a mark 
of humble submissive thanksgiving for the grace and 
blessing of God to me imworthy, in the completion and 
consecration of our church, and also to go round with 
the purse for a thanksgiving oflfering, but in so doing I 
do not intend by any means to bind my successors to do 
so unless they of their own free will continue it, and 
this I said to the congregation when I gave the notice, 
and now briefly set down here. 

The first Sunday after Trinity there was no Divine 
service here for the reason that the upper congregation 
at Wicacoe had finished their church finally by God's 
grace, and on that day was consecrated by me, Jesus* 
unworthy servant, with the text, 2nd Samuel's book, 
8th chapter and 29th or the last verse. Therefore let 
it please Thee etc. and it was named The House of God's 
Glory as it would be in Env^ Swedish Gud's Alira's 
Huus, in Latin, Gloria Deii, which services were con- 
ducted with propriety in the presence of a great 
assembly both of our own people and of the English, and 
in their church book is plainly related how all was con- 
ducted and I for their sakes repeated in English as well 
as I could a short summary of what I had said in Swed- 
ish on the occasion. 

The loth of June in the name ot the Lord, Swen 
Colesberg began his schoolkeeping for a haif year at 
the above-named place, which may God bless for his 
Glory, etc. 

The 2ist of June or Midsummer's day there was held 
a general meetin;; of the congregation. 


I St. We talked briefly of what stands written and had 
happened since the last meeting- 

2nd. We talked about the churchyard, the congrega- 
tion beginning to wish it laid out, so that each one 
might contribute according to his ability to finish it. 

3rd. Promised to pay Swen Colesberg his salar>' as 
bellringer at least the half at the end of the half year 
and at the close of the year the remainder. 

4th. That they should hasten with paying off the 
church debt, as the longer it stands the harder it will 

The 24th of August, I with tlie church wardens 
Charles Springer, Luloff Stedham, and Petter Moun 
son, met with the widow of the late John Stalcop, Mrs. 
Annika, and I took her around and explained his inten- 
tions according to his word to me, expressed not only 
when he was in health, but also just before he died. We 
then began to lay out the church yard on the west end, 
beginning 22V2 feet from the wall of the church, going 
thence obliquely to the bound of the old church yard, 
and thence, southerly to where an old church vard fence 
stood almost to the edge of the marsh, then eastward to 
the run or brook as we judged best and convenient, 
thence northerly as far up as my first, where the proper 
church walk should be, and then easterly over the brook 
to their own road. Upon the north side as tlie late John 
Stalcop gave just from the river wall of the demolished 
clap board lime house, we also measured it the same 
22' 2 feet, which line we ran out easterly, but diagon- 
ally, more at the brook, for on the other side of the run, 
the north church yard fence should run up alike, so we 
also made it 22 J4 feet broad, coming by the two apple 
trees (of which the easternmost one is much decayed,) 


not just up to the street but more out the north side, 
which the widow found herself satisfien with when Mr. 
Springer asked her. 

October 19th, we had a meeting of the congregation. 

ist. We read up the income and outgo since the last 

2nd. Decided that a list should be made, and thereon 
should be marked all who will faithfully adhere to the 
congregation, and stand to whatever is necessar>^ for the 
maintenance of the church and minister, and that the 
Archbishop may be duly informed how things go on here 
and how things stand, so that in time, other ministers 
may be sent here when needed; if there is no order and 
good sense here none can be sent, and also that I may 
know what I am to expect and what I am to do, and 
whom I am particularly to look after and whom not to. 

3rd. With regard to the back standing debt on the 
church, that the church wardens ought to take it in 
produce, yet in the right time, that it be not to their 
injury, it being delivered to them so that they may dis- 
pose of it to advantage. 

4th. That the Priestland should now be cleared up 
and that the fencing that has been brought forward 
should be set up. 

5th. I agreed to give a year's produce of the land to 
pay the cost, if they will take care to reap, thresh and sell 

6th. We talked of my board with Lucus Stedham 

and I urged that he ought to be paid for the first year 

at least by tl e congregation, and that I should be 

released for that, whereupon a list was immediately 

made up by those present, some promising money and 

some wheat which they would carry to him. 


7th. That those who were behind on the 2nd 
promise to John Staicop of 20 pounds as first payment 
on the land ought immediately to pay, which amounts 
to about 9 pounds, for I have already paid the 20 
pounds to John Hanson on the late John Stalcop's 

8th. That we must write letters to Sweden, the one 
to his Royal Majesty King Charles, XII., and the other 
to the Archbishop, Dr. Olaus Swebillius both in thanks 
for their care and the gift of the books. 

A. D. 1701. — May loth, we held a meeting, but only 
of those on this side of the river. 

ist. To look out a place for building a parsonage 

2nd. Decided that the timber for the building should 
be of oak. 

3rd. Agreement was made with Olle Tossa to sow 
half the Priestlandon the following conditions, namely: 

ist, I on my part to furnish half the seed. 

2nd. I am to furnish a laborer to reap on my side, 
against a laborer on his side, and the seed on the land to 
be changed. We had for our witnesses, Mr. Springer, 
Asmund Stedham, Conratt Augustine, Jesper Walraven, 
Jonas Walraven, Pietter Pietterson in Bokton, and 
many others. 

N. B. — As the Congregation on the above mentioned 
loth of May, did not enough of them come together, so 
that w^e could properly decide upon what was necessar\', 
those who were present requested me to give notice of 
another eight days after, and I did so, with the addition 
of some appropriate words which had the effect that on the 
17th, they most of them attended. When, 

1st. They subscribed together a paper pledging them- 


selves firmly to adhere to and support the congregation. 

2nd. About building, they decided that if they could 
not do the whole now, they would at once set up one 
and add the other to it afterward. 

3rd. It was decided that the carpenters shall be 
Christiern Anderson, Hendrick Orrane, Eskell Hotton 
and Thomas Skrika, which four shall build it up two 
stories high, and then should be free until each one of 
the others shall have either added labor or money, an 
equal amount. 

A. D. 1701, June 20th. — Upon the engagement of the 
widow Annika, the late John Stalcop's relict, at 
Christina, Thomas Pierson came to measure the 500 
acres of land for us, and the Church wardens, Mr.* 
Springer and Luloflf Stedham were present, and had 
with them Christian Anderson and Matz Tossa to carry 
the chain, etc. The widow and I were along part of 
the time, but it was not finished that day, as the land 
measurer could not hit the right lines. It was post- 
poned, therefore, till the 23rd of June, when the above 
named were there again, and with much labor the 
business was accomplished as well as it was possible to 
do it. The surv^eyor, Thomas Pierson, took upon him- 
self to write the deed, so that it should be delivered 
over in Court which was to be held on the 24th of June, 
and the widow was present to deliver it, and Mr. Springer 
and Luloff Stedham to receive it on the part of the 
church, but as the deed was not just as it should be, in 
particular as to the number of acres and also as to the 
maish which he did not get to measure, it remained 

Then it was reported that the widow claimed with 
regard to the bargain what was never heard of before, 
viz: that the words in the contract **lialf the Hook- 


meadow'' should be understood to mean half of the 3- 
tracts of marsh the late John Stalcop then owned, which 
would be but ^jyi acres in place of what we had always 
understood, viz: that it should be 10 acres, as 5 acres was 
always in the tract which belonged to the old land, so- 
called Pickering land, and then we were to have half of 
the late John Stalcop's 10 acres which belonged to 
Christina, which half part is also 5 acres which the late 
John Stalcop promised us besides, because we said there 
was too little marsh for so much land, and so we were to 
have 10 acres in all. 

June 24th, Midsummer day. We had a general meet- 
ing with the whole congregation, and 

ist. All those from the other side of the river as many 
as were present subscribed their names, and also some 
from this side who were not present before. 

2nd. Read up the income and outgo for the whole 

3d. We resolved with regard to the out-standing debt 
which is in all for the Church and Priestland, 300 pounds 
Pennsylvania currency, that they will raise during the 
coming year and pay in a sum as near as possible to that 
amouht,and they whodo not pay in shall pay the interest 
on subscription, because it is not reasonable that those who 
shall have already paid should stand equally liable to 
pay the back interest which has been the case till now, 
thus keeping back payments on the principal. Those 
present subscribed as the list will show. 

4th. My salar\' was made sure with a subscription 

5th. We agreed that the bellman should be paid 2 sh. 
and 6 pence by each one. 

6th. We consulted about laying out the church-yard,, 
giving each one a place of burial, and that each one- 
should set a mark around his burial place or lot. 


7th. Talked of a Church chest in which the income 
of the Church should be put, and I relieved from the 
reckoning which is now burdensome to me. 

8th. I am promised shingles for the Parsonage by 
those on the other side of the river. 

9th. As it seems that Thomas Skrika succeeds poorly 
at carpentering, being hired by Brewer Seneke on his 
part, therefore will have nothing to do with Brewer 
Seneke if he will not set his hand to like the others, and 
either Thomas Skrika or himself must do as the other 
three are doing. 

Then Mr. Springer atid Luloflf Stedham took hold 
together to build, as they neithar of them could be from 
liome so constantly as the others who were unmarried. 

loth. It was resolved that as some come to the meet- 
ings and some stay away, so that nothing can be decided 
upon, the few" who do come loosing their day, and if 
they resolve on anything, those who stay away will not 
agree to it, saying, **I was not there, and that those 
who have agreed to a thing may carry it out,'' and such 
like unreasonable words are put in circulation therefore 
that they who without weighty reasons are absent, shall 
forfeit to the Church 6 shillings. 

nth. We had some talk about asking a price for mar- 
rying, and it was thought that I ought not to do it for 
nothing, as for one and another reason I have done thus 

Michaelmas Day, A. I)., 1701. General meeting: 

ist. We read up the income and outgo from midsum- 
mer to this day, 

2nd. Talked further of the parsonage building. 

The sixteenth Sunday after Trinity, which fell on the 
9th of Oct., I finished in the lyord's name^the reading of 
the New Testament by chapter, for the first time which 


I began when I first came here, and I began at the Pro- 
phet Isaiah, that I might the sooner finish the Old Tes- 

Oct. .nth, 1 701. — Thomas Pierson and Charles 
Springer and Asmund Stedham met to lay out the 
marsh which should belong to the glebe, but did not ac- 
complish anything that day, but on the 7th of Nov. 
Thomas Pierson finished this work of ninning out the 
three separate pieces. The first line betwixt the 5 acres 
belonging to the old land, or the so-called Pickering 
land, the second betwixt the Pickering land and 
John Stalcop's own land, and the third separa- 
ing John Stalcop's 10 acres in two parts, of 
which one should belong to the Pickering land 
sold to us. Marked trees are in the comer of the 
marsh and then the division is marked with stakes. 
This dav Hendrick Orrene and Hendrick Pahlson were 
along to bear the chain, and except them none but me. 

On the i6th of Oct., the priest-house was finally be- 
gun by Mr. Springer, Christiern Anderson, Eskell Hot- 
ton and Hendrick Orrene, which house is within the 
walls 27 ft. 9 in. long and 20 ft. broad. I meant to have 
had it at least 30 ft. long and 25 ft. broad, as I ordered 
the timber, but when we began upon it we found the 
timber very irregularly cut, so that it was difficult to 
find enough sticks to make it the above length and 
breadth. It went forward very happily, God be praised, 
and without any accident, though hindered by some 
rainy weather, and they finished the two stories high, 
the 22nd of Nov., atmid-dav. 

Mr. Springer and Lul off Stedham were on the comer 
on the east side northerly, alternately, as they could be 
from home. Hendrick Orrene was on the south comer 
only; in the last week he had Joran Skrika in his place 


on the west side and south corner. Eskell Hotton from 
the beginning to the end; on the other comer Christiern 
Anderson, but only the first part as toward the end he 
was hindered by other engagements, but in the mean- 
time he had various others at his own expense who car- 
ried on the work. These people were all boarded by 
Mother Hustru Britta, on the old land, the time being 
eight weeks and two days, though it is to be noted that 
LuloflF Stedham was only boarded 14 days, and the rest 
of the time he kept himself. 

For this maintenance there was reckoned for Mrs. 
Britta i pound, 4 shil. as her part toward the house, but 
for the remainder she ought to be paid. 

November, 26th 1701. — A meeting of those on the 
other side of the river at Jacob Van de Ver's. 

ist With regard to the shingles which were 
promised at the former midsummer day meeting, which 
promise has not been performed, and which was the 
principal reason for this meeting with them. 

I talked with them about it so they promised 5000 
shingles which Mr. Stobey promised to furnish, and all 
who were present contributed each his 3 shillings except 
thelateStaflfan'sson, on Pumpkinhook, gave 4 shillings. 

2nd. I talked with them about the timber which 
was intended for the Parsonage, and urged that it should 
be taken over, and not lie and rot. 

3rd. That they should make up my salary for the 
coming year either in money, or wheat. 

4th, The money for the bellringer which was 
promised to be delivered to Mr. Stobey, to whom I had 
them pay my dues on salary, and also what they had 
promised for the church. 

5th. As Hans Stahl was engaged to keep school for 


a year in Rattcong creek, I advised them to go there 
every Sunday and Holiday to hold Divine service, as I 
had written to Hans Stahl about it, and had left my pos- 
tilla on the epistles by Lukerman to read to them which 
was all I had. 

March 21st, 1702. The surveyor, Thomas Pierson 
came to thoroughly correct and finish the measuring of 
the woodland as it from one or another error 
came 5 acres short which he now admitted, and I 
and Luloff Stedham were there and John Matz Smith's 
son to bear the chaim, and Mr. Springer assisted, as Matz 
Smith at this time was hindered and so there is an end of 
this land measuring as one hopes. 

About May ist, particularly about Easter-tide, there 
was a report of irregularity and foolishness among that 
part of my congregation on the other side of the river, 
Jersey side so called, purporting that they are minded to 
break off from me and the Church on this side, taking a 
minister for themselves after their own will, and uniting 
with them on the other side of Rattcong Creek, who 
belong to Wicacoe congregation, and with whom we 
have had no connection since I came here in any church 
or congregational matters, nor they with us. 

The cause of this was a Priestman by the name of 
Lars Tolstadius, who on his own responsibility about a 
month before Christmas 1700, had come over with the 
intention of taking the place of Magister Rudman, as 
he knew that he had written requesting to be recalled 
to Sweden, but he had come without any authority from 
the King or Archbishop for any such charge or appoint- 
ment, yet through his malevolence and misrepresentation 
he was received in Magister Rudman's place, though 
©nly for a half year i. e. , until May, until Mr. Rudman 
and the Church should become more certain about him, 


for when he was asked for his pass he said he had left it 
in York, and under the pretext that the Archbishop^s 
commission was left with it, he was received. But now 
what happened! Fourteen days before Easter, 1 701, there 
came the true and accredited exchange trom the King, 
(or the King's Council in Stockholm for the King him- 
self was in the war against Russia and Poland,) and from 
the High Worthy Father Dr. Erick Bezelius. 

His name was Andreas Sandall, of whom we had 
knowledge before. 

They then learned the whole history- of Tolstadius* 
management, his departure from Sweden, how it stood 
with him there, why he could not get a commission 
from the Archbishop, and more such like which was all 
circumstantially written. 

Herr Tolstadius was much troubled and changed by 
his coming, and had to relinquish his place to Mr. San- 
dell, who was the one duly authorized for it, but not- 
withstanding the manner of his behaviour, there were 
some of the congregation at Wicacoe that were befooled 
by Tolstadius. 

He having thus tricked the 25 pounds from Magister 
Rudman, now knew hardly what next to do with him- 
self, but finally caused it to be reported that he had 
resolved to go back to Sweden, but this was soon seen 
to be far from his intentions, for some on the other side 
of the river who belonged to the Wicacoe Church began 
to hang to him and he to them. So he loitered as long 
as he could with his journey to York, to take ship until 
he could conveniently go over to them. Then he was 
very decided to go to Sweden, and came to Magister 
Rudman and requested of him a testimonial as to his 
behavior here, and he will immediately take his depart- 


lire, only he '^ill go as quickly as he can to Passayunk 
for his things. Magister Rudman bade him go then and 
in the mean time he would write it, ior Tolstadius must 
come back that way as he wished to send by him letters 
to the Dutch Lutheran Church in New York, for Magis- 
ter Rudman had on their two invitations promised him- 
self to them for a year's service. But Herr Tolstadius 
will by all means have the testimonial immediately. 
Magister Rudman gave it to him but expected him back 
directly from Passayunk. But a canoe lay there ready 
with folk to take him as soon as he came, and carrj^ him 
over to the other side of the river with whom he im- 
mediately went. 

Then among other things, he used Magister Rudman's 
writing to induce the people across the river to cleave to 
him, misusing it to lead the ignorant folk more and 
more into foolishness. 

He promised them to preach and hold Divine service 
notwithstanding he had before in the general meeting 
at Wicacoe, when he was dismissed, been admonished 
and warned not to commit any offence or scandal 
whether he stayed on this side or went upon the other, 
but to take himself a school and refrain from preaching, 
and especially not to run into that part of my congrega- 
tion at any rate without getting my consent, but 
Tolstadius gave no answer to the admonition and paid 
no regard to it, but after having preached in that part 
of the Wicacoe congregation, began to come into the 
part of my congregation at Rattcong Creek during the 
Easter holidays, and as far down as Jacob Van de Vt r's 
to preach, though entirely without my permission. 

So as I observed that the people did not come over to 
the Easter Festival, and was questioned by one and 
another with regard to the fuss and turmoil, I sat down 


and wrote a letter privately to Tolstadius, asking him 
why he so conducted himself, not saying the least word 
to me, and pointing out to him the various things he was 
doing contrary to his calling, and his Priestly oath, and 
warning him and conjuring him to cease from, such 
doings, through which he may be assured that the fool- 
ish folk would suffer great damage and shame. 

Then I wrote to the people reminding them of their 
obedienceto me, and showing them that they cannot take 
for their minister whomsoever they choose, and that 
they are to remember that they wrote in connection with 
those on this side for a minister together, and to support 
in common for both sides, and to heed the shame and 
injury that their doings would cause in Sweden with the 
authorities for a long time to come. 

The Church Warden, Mr. Springer went over with 
these letters Saturday evening and met Herr Tolstadius 
at Jacob Van de Ver's on Sunday, and performe'd his 
errand according to my directions, and added what he 
himself knew, and how the whole matter from the begin- 
ning hung together. But as I saw that this would not be 
sufficiently effectual, I requested furthermore that they 
should meet me at the same place the 2nd Sunday after 
Trinity Sunday, and that this Herr Tolstadius should be 
there to give his reasons for so conducting himself. 

I went over there, held service, but my good Herr 
Tolstadius came not, and so the business did not turn 
out as I wished, but I stated to the people circumstan- 
tially the whole matter in question as in the following 

ist. That they on this side, Jersey side so called, had 
along with them on the other side, where now the Church 
and Priest-gard are, wrote for only one Priest for them- 
selves as did the congregation at Wicacoe write for one 


for themselves, and our commission so reads, and we 
were so accredited and received, and therefore they ought 
not to impose upon us in this way nor upon the author- 
ities in Sweden who have sent Us over at their own 
expense on account of their letter to them. 

2nd. That they should not forget the grace of God 
aboundingly shown to them in the most worthy remem- 
brance of them by the King Carl XI., and also by the 
late Archbishop Dr. Olle Swebilliur, and furthermore 
by their successors. King Charles XII,, and the Arch- 
bishop Dr. E. Benzelius, and their care for their eternal 

3rd. That they had made an agreement among them- 
selves on both sides of the river, as my congregation, 
that the church should be on the west side and that the 
minister should live here as formerly, and that they on 
the south side should adhere to this side till the church 
should be in good condition, (and that was why so much 
was undertaken,) and when afterward they so increased 
and prospered that they could maintain a separate min- 
ister, the people from the west side should help them as 
much again for their cWirch building, and join in a 
request for a minister from Sweden, — to be sent by the 
proper authorities. 

But it was never agreed that part of the congregation 
on that side should unite themselves with that part 
above Raccoon creek belonging to Wicacoe's congrega- 
tion, as we have never had anything to do with them, 
nor they with us in any such business. But if it had 
been so, they should have written for three Priests direct. 

• But they must not engage one without the High- 
worthy Archbishop's permission and so lose their credit 
in Sweden, which now seems likely to happen, and gives 


me anxiety on their account by reason of this Tolstadius' 
coming in and intrusion. 

And, moreover, the authorities in England have given 
permission but for two churches, and now can you make 
them three by taking one who has no such proper 
authority, as we have with the King's hand and seal, 
which is necessary for us all. 

5th. To be careful for if they now receive one who 
comes from Sweden without a proper call, and without 
the King's and the Archbishop's authorization and 
commission, they may not expect that another time one 
will be sent to them when needed if they now so 
thoughtlessly proceed and take whoever they fancy, 
whatever kind of a tramp. he may be. 

And moreover in case the authorities should wish to 
send anyone, there would be no one found who would 
risk such a hazardous journey, for fear tli^t some inter- 
loper would in the meantime be received and their own 
authorization and appointment not be respected. 

And that they should not so soon cast behind the 
back the dangers which I as well as Mr. Rudman, had 
dared on their account and for their salvation in coming 
over to this country, and also since T have been in 
danger both of my life and honor, if Satan's wiles had 
had their course, and also that I have given for the 
common good all that I have received in order that their 
burdens should not fall too heavy on them, and now that 
thev should reward me with such unthankful ness as to 
let another whoever he may be, cast his sickle in my 
field, I concluded by assuring them, that if they persisted 
in these inconsiderate proceedings I should nevertheless 
still continue to work for their advantage and would 
favor them if need be, with his Majesty and the Arch- 
bishop in Sweden. 


But they must not receive anyone without due 
authorit}' and proper testimonials, and thus be favored 
hereafter as they have been thus far, and any appli- 
cation or proceeding ought to be by me, who though 
unworthy yet by God's grace am come here. I know 
the circumstances of the congregation both in general 
and particularly better than themselves, and that they 
are not yet by any means able to support a minister by 
themselves, for they are not yet much stronger than 
when I first came here to this country. 

This seemed to weigh with some, but there were found 
enough stiff-necked and obdurate ones to render it of no 
avail, so that the talk was, they will, and they shall have 
a Minister. I answered them that nobody has said they 
should not have one, but that they must proceed 
orderly and reasonably and in the usual manner as it 
ought to be • done. And the church should be some- 
where from Rattcong Creek to Pumpkinhook so that 
those out beyond Chestnuthook and Pumpkinhook 
would not be left out, which would happen if they on 
Rattcong Creek and round about, unite with those on 
the other side of Rattcong Creek belonging to WicacoCi 
with whom we have had no connection. 


They alleged their hardship of coming over the river 
etc., and I answered that they should have taken that 
into consideration before sending for a minister. I bade 
them come to the general meeting oii midsummer day 
according to the yearly custom, that we might talk 
further, which they promised to do. 

After that Tolstadius went to New York with a letter 
to Sweden, written to have him appointed as their min-* 
ister, with a list of their number, and was away from them 
for five or six weeks, on account of various misfortunes 


which befell him. I wrote to the Archbishop, imme- 
ditely, giving the details of the whole business from the 
beginning to the end, with their allegations, &c., and 
an answer to whatever pleas made by them so far as 
they had come to my knowledge, dated June 29th, 1702, 
which was immediately sent on Messrs. James & Her- 
cules Coutts' vessel. 

June 24th, 1702. — Midsummer day — When only two 
or three from the other side came partly on account of 
bad ferriage and mostly perhaps from unwillingness. 

In this meeting the following matters were considered 

1st. Read the income and outgift. 

2nd. Paying off the debt of which very little had come 
in either, of principal or interest, which was promised on 
the last year's midsummer day meeting, 1701. 

3rd. That therefore, we should now divide the whole 
sum among us to be paid certainly in the course of two 
or three years, with grain or money, and as not all were 
present at the past midsummer meeting, 1701, and prom- 
ised in order that those who promised then, and have 
paid some shall not suffer wrong, there should be so 
much deducted from the sum set to be paid in 1704 in 
the case of each of them. 

4th. Then we talked about the movement made by 
the other side to separate from this side. 

5th. Of righting up my salar>', and , that they bring 
freely and faithfully, and ought all to give something 

6tli. Righting up the bellman's salary. 

7th. Of the building on the glebe. 

When Herr Tolstadius finally came back, he went on 
as before, and I again by letter, earnestly represented to 
him what a disturbance he was causing not only betwixt 


these on both sides ot the river, but among them on the 
Jersey side which belong to my congregation, for they 
are differing among themselves about the Church place 
which ought by all means to be between Rattcong Creek 
and Pumpkinhook, and that he personally may be sure 
of many a sigh and lament over the disturbance he has 
produced, exhorting and adjuring him, &c., &c. 

I appointed a meeting again at Jacob Van de Ver's on 
Bartholomew's Mass day, that he might meet me there 
and give his reasons for his conduct, when if he should 
himself be ignorant, I would indeed impart to him what 
he might need, for I knew how it stood with him. 

Bartholomew's day I went over where they were 
gathered and Herr Tolstadius with them. I saluted him 
but nothing more. In the meantime, while the people 
were assembling and I had not yet begim Divine 
service, he called me out to walk with him, which I 
did, and earnestly by word of mouth labored with him 
and asked why he behaved so. He vielded, acknowl- 
edged his fault, prayed me to be lenient with him, and 
promised to stop his proceedings. I answered him that 
I am easy to be persuaded, but if he continued to be 
per\'erse, he should be sure to hear from me, and find 
me othen^'ise inclined, because I had a full commission 
and appointment and he had nothing. 

Therefore, he need not think that I would let slip out 
of my hands in this manner, what Cxod and the proper 
authority had committed to me. That I did not do it 
for the money, of which ver\' little is contributed. I 
told him that I could not get ten pounds from them all 
in a year to pay for a piece of land at Rattcong Creek. 
I bade him be quiet and wait for his commission, and 
then he would come in with more honor and I should be 
satisfied. Then I went in and held Divine service and 


afterwards talked with them plainly of the whole matter, 
during which Mr. Stobey came forward and said that I 
had accused Tolstadius so and so, and I answered that I 
would gladly see that matter not mentioned, but that I 
would stand to my word, yet, if Herr Tolstadius would 
from now henceforth be altogether quiet, I would be 
mild as I could. 

Then they brought forward a writing of which I had 
always heard talk, but knew mvself never to have seen 
a copy of which was given them in English, when 
I first came, and some of them were together from both 
sides of the river to decide on the place for a church at 
which time I was not present by reason of sickness 
at that meeting at Christina. The purport of the writ- 
ing is, that they should now help build the church on 
this side and that then again that they should be 
helped by this side to build when ever they should be 
strong enough to maintain a teacher for themselves. 

In reply to this I said to them that they were not yet 
able, and a church was not yet in order, and it was not 
proper for them to join with those on the other side of 
Rattcoon Creek, for we have never had any connec- 
tion with them, and moreover they have the same 
understanding with them at Wicacoe as our people 
on this side had with those on the west side. The 
agreement among ourselves was, that when our folks 
from • Rattcong creek down to Pumpkinhook became 
able of themselves to support a Priest, they should have 
a church, and so the bond was written. 

But as matters stand now they cannot get their 
money again, and at the same time their pews in 
the church at Christina will be lost to them, and I will by 
no means set my hand to any letter to Sweden for 



them, for inasmuch as I have come over to them, I will 
not suffer them to do as they please with me. 

They answered that they thought they should have it, 
and I replied never laying it down, that if they get ten 
Priests they shall pay me their yearly dues, so long 
as none of them can show any such calling and author- 
ity as I have. Because their hands stand under the 
letter to Sweden the same as the hands of them on 
the west side, and therefore was I vSent, and therefore did 
I come. 

That they must not think to fool the whole authoritj- 
nordeal with me,since I am comeover as suits their fancy, 
for that shall neither do them nor their children any good. 
That I have never opposed their having a minister on 
the east side, whenever it can be brought about in 
an orderly and proper manner, but it must be done 
right, with a minister properly commissioned from 
Sweden, and the church must be composed of those 
below Rattcoug Creek and down to Pumpkinhook, but 
not to split off after anyone to their great injury and 

We then separated with the understan<Jing that 
Tolstadius should not meddle with them any more. 1 
bade them to consider well and support one well first 
and pay yearly what they had promised, before they 
attempt to take another and then deal in like manner 
with him. 

Soon after, Tolstadius was taken sick, and after he was 
somewhat better he came down to me at a wedding at 
Pumpkinhook, and there earnestly renewed our fonner 
agreement, to the effect that he will not meddle with 
them until the decision comes from Sweden, either in 
answer to his, their or my letter, only asking that he 
might baptize children, which indeed 1 could not refuse. 


on account of danger of sudden death and especialh' 
now in the winter, but that he was by no means to 
preach betwixt Rattcong creek and Pumpkinhook. 
He asked that he might, on the next Sunday, resign 
his services to them, and I assented to that but nothing 
more. He did this at Jacob Van de Ver's, and Jacob 
Van de Ver a short time after ingeniously repeated the 
discourse to me. As he was not fully recovered he fell 
into a relapse and was very dangerously sick, so that he 
himself thought nothing else than that he should take 
his departure, being speechless for some days at his 
lodgings on the other side of Rattcong creek. 

The 23rd of October, 1702. — I held a meeting with 
them on this side which 'we have been accustomed to 
hold earlier, but this year it was postponed on account 
of my wedding and so only this was held 

ist. That because the people will not be united and 
help to finish the lingering parsonage house, I am 
now, on account of circumstances, which the dear God 
has been pleased to place me, necessitated to remove 
farther from the church instead of, as I trusted, on 
aT!COunt of all my labor and all my weary footsteps to 
have come nearer. 

So I have concluded with myself not to vex myself so 
much about it, but will only ask that they will do so 
much as to bring home the timber which was cut for a 
schoolhouse, and with that timber build a barn for me 
to thresh the grain in, which I have put there in stacks 
at my own expense. This first yearns increase the con- 
gregation would take care of and get away for me if 
they had the good will toward me that the upper 
congregation have towards Mr. Sandell, who, so far, 
has not had so hard times as we, who first came. 

2nd. That as I learn more and more, to look a deal 


farther than the teeth, and realize their cold heartedness 
towards me, I have made up my mind that if they will 
not do better and let me have my support without in vain 
coming to one meeting after another, and only some few 
take hold of the burden, while I am on duty at all times 
and occasions, so thev shall find me and that soon other- 
wise disposed, arid they shall come to Church in vain, etc. , 
and I then read a letterjust received from Herr Thellin {a) 
in which he says it pains him to hear what he has heard 
of the congregation's behavior and negligence, wishing 
them better hearts and expressing the fear that such con- 
duct may grieve those in Sweden who have interested 
themselves so much for them, and also that the hearts 
of the authorities may be quickly turned away from them, 
if they thus neglect and set themselves against their 

3d. How the Church debt shall be shared, and if we 
shall defer making up a list of subscribers till they on 
the other side will help or see to it, that we each one do 
his very best, so that they on the other side shall have 
nothing to claim or grumble about it further. 

If we can make the number up to 50, and each give 
6 pounds by Midsummer day, 1704, the 300 pounds prin- 
cipal would be all paid off. 

The decision with regard to the first point was, that 
they would rather put a roof and floor to the parsonage 
house, and to thresh there this winter, than begin on 
the other building and not finish it. 

So it was agreed with Eskill and Hendrick Orrane 
that they should undertake to do the roof both together 
for 5 pounds, all necessary stuff to be provided in addition 
to what is there already, and should be brought forward 
by those who have promised, viz: shingles, lath, raft- 
ers, &c. 

a. It was through TheUin that the King & KccleBiastical authorities 
were informed of their desire for these clergTman and to him they wrote 
their promises. 


As to the 2nd point they promised nie sympathy and 
support by words and resolutions, and especially Mr. 
Springer and Asmund Stedham promised to go round 
right away from house to house, and with sharp earnest- 
ness, get an account of all who will hold themselves 
honorably to pay what they ought to the Church and to 
me, and thus prove how God will prosper their inten- 

As to the 3rd point they hesitated -about the decis- 
sion, and were inclined to wait for information from the 
other side, if any of them still held themselves here, 
and so our payment be lightened. But I said it would 
be better for them to do their utmost, as I would not set 
down any exact list of them more; and if it is so that 
any adhere to us here, we shall learn it when it will be 
needful to our assistance. 

Mr. Springer and Asmund Stedham undertook then 
to go from house to house to take obligations of each 
one for their contribution, which was made out that 
year 1702, on the 7th, 8th, 9th, 12th, 15th, and i6th of 

The 23rd Sunday after Trinity, November loth, I had 
given notice for gathering on the other side of the river 
at Jacob Van de Ver's to preach, Tolstadius being long 
sick, and they did not take the trouble to come over and 
thus had no opportunity to hear God's word, which 
perhaps has been partly from shame. If they will not 
come over I will still care for them as I ought, though 
thev as undutiful and unthankful children, set them- 
selves against me as if I wish them injury. 

I intended to bring forward somewhat of the old busi- 
ness again, but when I came there I found only eight 
persons present. I was greived over such foolishness, and 
that they conducted themselves so thoughtlessly, and 


would not come to hear God\s word from me, and they 
cannot effect anything by such means. 

So I left it to those present to relate to the others 
when they should meet them, the following things. 

ist. That I wished to know for certainty who will 
hold themselves to Christina and who not. That they 
who will, shall have their pews reserved, the others not, 
and this shall be ascertained by one and another going 
from house to house, to take down the names in writing 
of those who will adhere to me surely, and what they 
will give towards the payment of the debt, and -towards 
my support. 

They who have their pews retained for them are obli- 
gated in requital, to give yearly something for the 
support of the church and minister, and if they do not, 
they ought to sell it to some one that needs it, through 
whom the church and Priest shall be helped to their 
support, and those who withdraw from the church and 
do not fulfill their obligations, need never speak of 
having their money again, nor having their pews 
retained, for it is not reasonable that they should stand 
empty on their account. 

4tli. That they who are behind in their payments for 
their first and second promises for the Church, are bound 
to pay as well as the others, i. e., on this Jersey side, for 
they will have the name as well as the others, that they 
helped to build Christina Church. 

5th. To gather in my dues which are back for many 
years. While I was there at that time it was told me that 
they at Rattcong Creek and around there, had met with 
them on the other side of Rattcong Creek, and agreed 
upon a churchplace and a church building and such like, 
and so those on this side of the creek have not waited 


for what was agreed upon, viz. : to hold still until they 
receive an answer from Sweden, which defection would 
not have taken place if Herr Tolstadius had not offered 
his services therein, which was contrary' to his stipula- 
tion with me, viz. : not to meddle with them between 
Rattcong Creek and Pumpkinhook till he got such au- 
thority from Sweden as he ought to have thereto. 

That this has been in great part the fault of Herr 
Tolstadius (for had he refused them his services and re- 
minded them of the agreement and bade them be quiet, 
the defection would not have taken place,) I became 
more and more of the opinion, as I soon after received a 
letter from Mr. Sandell, saying that he was on the other 
side and met Herr Tolstadius and had a conference with 
him, when he, among other things, denied that he had 
resigned his service to that part of my congregation on- 
that side contrary to what is above related. 

Then I decided to write to him again of the scandal 
he had caused, in place of which he should have helped 
to hold the people in order and obedience. And that he 
should consider what he had undergone so recently. 
And I furthennore said to him, that these transactions 
would by no means be a sign of his right call, and it 
was shameful to .so behave and to represent and answer 
that he had not resigned them when he never had hon- 
orably had them, &c., &c., committing the whole mat- 
ter to the Chief Shepherd Jesus, who now as heretofore, 
will have the best care for His Church that he may set 
me right if I improperly oppose what I ought to set for- 
ward, which was dated Dec. 15th, 1702. 

And as I heard that Mr. Wholley Stobey had had his 
hand in the broth at Rattcong Creek, I met him after- 
wards and gave him what he needed, with the advise to 


be careful what he did, for the people depended much 
ujxMi him, because they were continually asking small 
favors of him, and for the most part were in his debt, 
and he must consider that he has more wisdom than 
they, and being with them a native of that part of the 
countr\, he knows what they are taking upon them- 
selves, and that he should not bring in and misuse his 
Knglish customs in our church matters, which we have 
nothing to do with, and that such a course will not pro- 
cure them ministers hereafter from Sweden, and that 
greater responsibility thus rests upon him and he will be 
more blamed than any other one will be. 

I also read to him the newlv received letter and 
reminded him that the agreement was betwixt the 
IX'oplc, me and Herr Tolstadius, bidding him to salute 
Herr Tolstadius and sa\' to him that with respect to his 
denial, I will have him called to account, when I will 
let him know what I have to do with it. 

The iK'ople from around Jacob \'an de \'er's down 
around to Pumpkinhook were now in uncertainty and 
much troubled, for they could not have any advantage 
from the church over Rattcong Creek, especially in the 
winter, nor cither of this at Christina. 

1 bade them thank Herr Tolstadius and the others for 
their situation, they not having been faitliful and honor- 
able to them, nor fulfilled their promises and resolutions, 
but in the meantime, to be of good hope and pray God 
jiraoiously to turn all things for the be>t to His glory 
and the upbuildinj^ and j^rosjierity of the church. 

New Year's ilay, 1703, 1 read the whole list of those 
whv» have v^iveu obligations in writing towards paying 
oil I Ik church ilebt with various thinvrs connected there- 
\\i;h, whiv^h the list in five points sliows. 


1703, on the 17th and i8th of June, Mr. Charles 
Springer and Asmund Stedham took on themselv^es the 
trouble to go over to them on the other side of the river, 
to thoroughly learn their minds, and if they were not 
affected by what had so often been set before them, and 
to know certainly who had fallen oflF and who had not, 
and to make up their reckoning as to what they had 
promised towards my support. 

They found that all from Rattcong Creek down to 
Jacob Van de Ver's had fallen oflF,but from Jacob Van de 
Ver's, himselfincluded, all down, to Chestnuthook and 
Pumpkinhook adhered still to Christina. 

Midsummer day this year we held the usual meeting 
of the Congregation and read up the income and out- 
gift but did nothing of any consequence besides, and 
this year we discontinued the general meeting at Mich- 
aelmastide as we did not find it necessary anymore as 
neither the income or outgift are so great as formerly. 

Those on the other side who still held to us, were yet 
mostly indifferent and tardy in coming over to church, 
laying the cause now upon one thing, then upon another, 
but the amount of it was finally, that they wished me to 
come over and preach to them; they wished me to come, 
every 2nd or 3rd Sunday and so on. And I answered 
them in part that I was not so sent nor so came here, 
neither could I do it, but will come oftener over, if they 
will have more care to get me there and back, for the 
reason that I came over so seldom was. that I did not 
find such willingness to help me as I found, the first 
year. I promised them to come over in three weeks and 
give them the chief festival, with now and then a Sun- 
day, and that they in the meantime should try to come 
over to church between times, and it should be under- 

Ih: cattfal vfioti 
iipuri liim, bc:caiv4«- 
fuvnn, of him. iii<. 
and lie lint'-' 
they, nad h<.\\ 
coimtry, in ' 
selveii, ami ' 
Bn^HHii cii ' 
nnthitit; lu I 
cure Uicin n: 
KTBitteT n:-.; 
morv liliiiii' 

reniiiiiU ! 
,HrtT T. 

let I) in 

aroiM I 

Hint' I' 



fwas agreed to by most of them with here and 
V exception, and among the latter Pietter Lticas- 
K superlatively foolish, who however had not for 
: years been in unity with the Church, and 
iswer suitable to the circumstances reprimand- 
iim, and he came soon after and asked forgiveness, 
I this was the understanding betwixt us, and Swen 
^olesbeig was engaged to set me over for the year for 

A, D. 1704. — This year I changed the promise made 
by me that for my life-time I would hold Evensong ou 
Holy Trinity Sunday to Octsong, as I found the 
lime will be too long for some to tarry for Evensong, 
and I have decided to hold Octsong yearly, hereafter. 

This year's general meeting was held the Saturday 
ijefore Midsummer day, which was the 17th of June, 

ist Was shown the income and outgift for the year 

2nd. Talked again about enclosing the church yard, 
and some were in favor of a dyke around it and then 
two or three railings as is commonly done would be a 
sufficient fence, and sow grass seed on the dyke and 
plant trees on one side thereof, but some wanted to 
make a worm fence aronnd it for the present, and it 
stood at that. 

2d. How to keep it cleared, as trees and bushes yearly 
grow up, whereupon it was resolved that at a convenient 
time, I should give notice that on a Saturday all should 
come with axes and hooks to clear it off, and that this 
shall be done immediately after the most hurrying time 
of harvest is over. 

3rd. That I had heard that certain persons talked of 


decreasing their payments to nie, instead of which they 
ought to consider my circumstances and increase it. 
And especially if they who live near the church and 
can always come wish to diminish, what can be expected 
but that those who live further awav will diminish 

I bade them remember that a part of those on the 
other side as they knew had separated f^om us, and con- 
sequently my pay was decreased, and that I live un- 
handy to the church, and cannot get them to finish the 
Priest-house, but I did not wish to press them hard for 
money which was hard to get hold of, with much more 
that I bade them consider and reflect upon. 

4th. The election of a new church warden in the 
place of the late LuloflF Stedham, and I, with those 
present, decided to elect his brother Asmund Stedham, 
because he had already shown in certain things, his 
carefulness and untiring affection for the best good of 
the church, congregation and minister, as is shown by 
the church book. As also he liv^es near the church and 
must always be called upon for assistance in many 
things, and is well worthy and fit for the office. 

5th. vSunday after Trinity I gave notice for the 
clearing of the church yard for the next Saturday, 
.which was done. 

A. D. 1705, March 3rd We held a Parish meeting 
when they came together as usual, but for the most part 
the elderly people. Then I earnestly remonstrated with 
them and said to them, that they must see themselves 
that they very illy used me, in not perfonning what 
they had promised; not preparing that house for me as 
they ought to have done, but still I have as it were, 
and consequently, to be at expense as I ought not to 


be, and now must be new-housed again if I can get 
one, and therefore they should get it ready or sell it, for 
I had a difficult task to get the land, and yet have no 
advantage from it, etc. etc. 

Hereupon they decided to begin to go on again with 
energy and they subscribed 700 feet in addition to those 
already sawed, viz: Brewer Seneke 100 feet, James 
Seneke 100 feet, Matthew Petterson 100 feet, Edward 
Robinson 100 feet, Pietter Stalcop 100 feet, Pietter 
Mounson 100 feet, Gilbert Walraven 100 feet, which 
Matz Pietterson and James Senexson were to contract for 
and measure at Empson's mill at the quickest Again 
we talked of the fencing ot the church-yard, and I said 
if they did not make it ready by Easter I would hold 
no service, nor celebrate any festival until I saw it 
finished as I perceived them to be so miserably negligent 
about it when they might so easily do it. 

We consulted about'the brick-making and concluded 
that Pietter Hanson at Sandhook should be conferred 
with about it, as he owed a bill to the church and could 
pay it in that way. 

Third Sunday after Easter I asked the congregation 
out before the church to confer about the brick-making, 
which also took place. 

Then I reminded them of the church-yard fencing, 
and what I promised in the meeting next before Easter, 
if it was not ready before Easter, and there are three 
weeks gone since, and I assured them that I would keep 
my word. 

They asked for still further delay till Whitsuntide to 
have it finished. The next week we went to the old 
land to look out a place for the brick-making which 
place was selected, and Pietter Johnson promised to 

•* , I !■ ^^^1 tfa ii iiArt^ 


come, but fooled away the whole summer for us and did 
not come at all. 

The 2nd Sunday after Holy Trinity Sunday, it was 
given out that Herr Tolstadius invited us to come to 
the Church consecration at Rattcong Creek the next 
coming Sunday but as he has done that and everything 
else that he has been concerned in; on his own responsi- 
bility, and disorderly, I said that I should use my own 
discretion and judgment in the matter and will not go 
there but others.may do as they please. But at any rate 
it is our duty to pray God and desire that His Church 
may proceed in due order according to his word. 

This year we held no midsummer meeting as I found 
that it was not necessary, for the income was very small 
indeed, and very few people came together, but Church- 
wardens Mr. Springer and Asmund Stedham looked 
over the church accounts. 

At the close of this year there arose a shameful re- 
port about Herr Tolstadius, that he had a child with a 
girl in Rattcong Creek, Olle Parson's unmarried daugh- 
ter Catharine, which proved more and more true, and 
caused sharp language betwixt him and his hearers, 
many of whom had been bitterly opposed to me before, 
now were ashamed and acknowledged their foolishness, 
and that I told them the truth when they broke oflF with 

I leave to God, the All-wise, to judge if this was not a 
judgment on Tolstadius and his hearers for their blind- 
ness and obstinacy. 

A. D., 1706. — It was reported generally that Herr 
Tolstadius was bound over to court, and as the Governor 
in New York, My Lord Cornbury, (Governor also at 
that time of that side down to Cape May) got to hear of 


it, he decided that he himself would take the case in 
hand when he should come to Burlington in the Spring, 
and Herr Tolstadius was bound over accordingly. But 
as my Lord delayed, Tolstadius came to a shocking end. 
He, alone in a canoe in the river, pitifully perished 
on the 29th of May, the canoe coming driving straight 
up to land, with his travelling cloak and plow-iron in 
it, and his dead body was found at Upland nine days 

May God graciously look on my righteous cause, and 
grant that he with a truly penitent sigh was enabled to 
give up his soul. 

But still the Church at Rattcong Creek, established 
and set upon an unjust and irregular foundation, is more 
obstinate and spunky than ever, yet there was one and 
another in the meantime, in the ruinous state of things 
came back to his old church. 

But some b'egan in the Summer to pitch upon Herr 
Jonas Aureen, who was the third person sent over with 
me and Magister Rudman at the King's -expense, but 
he, to letum home again at the first opportunity, but 
thus far had let himself be hindered by one and another 
cause; but the first and principal hindrance was the 
tidings which were received soon after our arrival here, 
that the King, Charles XI., was dead, and so he con- 
cluded to remain here awhile longer till he could get to 
hear how all things were going on in the Fatherland, 
and in the meantime, while he held on longer, he came 
to accept certain whims, and finally, for two years past, 
he has been a confirmed Sabatarian and has published 
an almanack in English advocating their notions, which 
he called **Noah's Dove,'' which induced me to write an 
answer to it also in English, according to the ability 


which God has given me, under the title of *' A Little 
Olive Leaf For Noah's Dove." 

About him, I say, they began to confer, and had 
hope to get him off from his Sabatarian views and ob- 
tain his services, as he had been for some time in 
Elk River, preaching for some English in their lan- 
guage on Sunday^s, while he kept his Saturday for him- 
self. And he began to show more* and more that he 
was not so strong in his opinions, and finally went over 
to them in the Autumn. But during the Winter, as he 
could not immediately, until he had more maturely con- 
sidered the matter, he left with them for a reader his rel- 
^ ative, Brunn John, whom he had had with him during 
the whole time in Elk River in his Saturday notions. 
Herr Aureen came to consult with me, declaring that 
he would do nothing contrary to my wish about it. 
Then I recited to him briefly (which he also very well 
knew) how improperly they had dealt with me, and 
how far he may come with my consent, yet I wish my- 
self to be considered a liar, if such a church begun in 
such a manner should ever be prosperous. 

On Thursday, January loth, we held a Thanksgiving 
for a great victory won by the Duke of Marlborough 
over the French and the Netherlandish Spaniards, which 
thanksgiving was ordered, a short time by a proclama- 
tion of the Deputy Governor in Philadelphia, in the 
name of the Queen of England, which was the first 
Thanksgiving day that so far had been held ; I used 
for a text, the 6th verse of the 20th chap, of Psalm. 

Lent Sunday. Talked again about fencing the church 
yard, and that within three weeks to-day, they must 
bring the material, so that I can see them in the church- 
yard for I with the churchwardens have determined to 
hire men to finish it immediately, for it is a sin and 


a shame before God and man that so little a thin^ 
should be managed in so tardy and shiftless a manner, by 
means of which the Christian people suffer in credit and 
profit, etc.,' etc. 

For the two following Sundays this was the topic of 

This year we held no general meeting of the congre- 
• gation as I found it useless. 

The 8th Sunday after Holy Trinity Sunday, July 
14th, I requested the congregation to stop in front of the 
church to talk about the brickmaking again, because 
now it was sure that Pietter Johnson would come on the 
morrow, and it was suggested that they should so appor- 
tion the work among themselves that all this week he 
should have two continually to help him. And after 
sermon it was done and arranged. 

Finally he came this week and it was decided that at 
first he should make 12000, which he said he could 
make easily enough in the week, but he stayed only until 
Friday, and on counting them there were but 7000 
and alleging various excuses he went away, but prom- 
ised to be on hand in 14 days to finish his work. 

Then they laid the bricks and made the roof, making 
it of boards in haste, as there was but little time hop- 
ing that he would keep his word, but finally he proved ' 
a liar, and so nothing more was done this Summer or 
autumn. The first Sunday in Advent we had occasion 
to have a general thanksgiving to God, .who caused 
John Hanson Stellman to give 100 pounds with all 
interest backstanding thereon freely to the church, it 
being part of the money that we borrowed of him 
for the building of the church. 

The first incentive to this was that a rumor came this 

Summer to the ears of Vice-Governor John Evans, that 

1. 1 4 RECORDS OP 

Mr. Stellman took unlawful interest, viz. ro percent., 
while the lawful interest was 8 per cent., whereupon I 
and Mr. Springer who had the most to do with it were 
put on our oaths. The amount of the testimony being that 
I gave a note to Mr. Stellman for loo pounds at lo per 
cent, interest, but we could not surely say that he had 
it in his mind to take it, for we never had anv settle- 
ment with hnn. Mr. Stellman was hereupon cited to 
court, but in the meantime after various consultations, 
and for the sake of his credit he gave the hundred pounds 
with the interest to the Church, and that under hand 
and seal. > 

For this gift was promised him the first seat on the 
main aisle, both on the men and women's side, and a 
burial place in the Church for himself. 

On the 7th December, we held a general meeting on 
the Old land, which was notified two weeks previously, 
at which I first rehearsed the matter of Mr. Stellman's 
gift and read his own writing thereon, a copy of which 
mav be read at the close of this vear's record, but as 
the original was done in a very concise manner, and 
was so preserved, I added thereto a further statement 
that for the other 220 pounds back standing, the interest 
in full at 8 per cent, was afterward paid up so 
that we are indebted for no interest imtil the end of the 
coming year. 

But this meeting was especially called on account of 
my circumstances, to let them know how matters stood 
with me, as regarded them, and how illy they conducted 
towards me. That I had been here so long and was not 
considered worthy to have a house provided for me near 
the Church on the land bought for that purpose^ and 
that they on the other side while they were in unity 
with us, fulfilled their promises and brought timber and 


shingles for the house, and finally it was built up and 
roofed, but is fast going to rain as it remains at present. 

And now I gave them to understand that I would no 
longer submit to live so far from the church and though 
I may yet have some strength, yet, am ten years older 
than when I came here, have borne various burdens, 
and may reasonably begin to be to myself the nearest, 
and if I cannot soon have a change for the better shall 
be under the necessity of seeking other expedients and if 
nothing better offers I must go home again. 

That I am straightened in my living and see no way 
of improving my condition. That I am an incumbrance 
on my wife*s relations. That I have improved the land 
for two or three years, but with more trouble and 
expense than all I have got from it, so that I am under 
the necessity of abandoning it and living in a place 
where each one sets his price and gets it carried to his 
house, while I have to pay dearer and send for it. And 
though some have had compassion on me, yet unless I 
now had among others my wife's relations to stand at 
my back, I had not known how to keep up. All my 
savings might be put on a horse's back. But no matter 
how bad the weather I must go out, but get ver}- little 
thanks for it. 

That I live worse than a common laborer, for a good 
man servant gets with us about 20 pounds, and some 
extras and has his board, lodging, washing and drink 
free, while I eyen if I should get all the dues get little 
over 30 pounds, and with house and all not 40 
pounds, and I must therewith clothe myself and procure 
food and be at much expense besides, so that I am more 
than 20 pounds worse than nothing every year that I 
remain here. The congregation ought to have more 
consideration, of which I see no sign. I bade them 

1 1 6 RECORDvS OF 

think'Upon God's daily mercies and goodness bestowed 
upon them, and in conclusion I said to them that I could 
not hold out any longer in this way, but that they must 
help me to a house, and then I very well know that I 
shall thereafter have other burdens, for I shall then 
newly begin housekeeping and must incur expense for 
all kinds of things which pertain to housekeeping, 
and that if I could have been some years before at 
housekeeping it would have been better for me and for 
my calling. It would have been easier, and I said 
decidedly that I neither will nor ought to send around 
the Parish after what is due to me, and that each one 
can easier send once to me, than that I should keep a 
horse and boy to send to each one, neither will I as I 
have heretofore given notice perform service on week- 
days as at burials, weddings and etc. , without a reason- 
able compensation therefor, for I cannot keep my horse 
on nothing nor will anybody give me my saddle, etc. 
for nothing. And now if they really intend to deal 
justly by me it is time for them to begin in earnest to 
bring stone for the cellar and have the house done this 
year next coming, so that at the farthest by the Autumn I 
may have my flitting time. 

They made fair promises and thereupon I left them. 

A copy of Mr. Stellman's discharge for the loo pound 

bond which stood at lo per cent, interest. 

Know all men by these presents, whom it may or hereafter 
shall concern, that I, John Hance Stellman, of ye County of Ce- 
cill, in ye province of Maryland, Merchant, Doejieareby acquitt, 
release and forever discharge Magister Ericus Biorck, Minister of 
Christeen Congregation, of a Bond and obligation Dated in Elk 
River, ye 30th of June, 1698, Containing one hundred pounds sil- 
ver money, with Ten pound Interest Yearly, and every yeare 
which money Magister Biorck had upon ye account, and for ye 
use of Christeen Congregation, for ye Building of ye Churchy 


which Bond and ye Sum and Interest, I doe give fireely and of a 
pure and conscientious heart for ye honor of GOD, to ye Holy 
Trinity Church, and doe heareby alsoe declare and testifye that I 
never did design, nor have taken any Interest for ye aforesaid 
hundred pounds, for I have never made up my account until this 
Day, nor have disclosed my minde, what I have resolved and had 
in minde until now, wheareunto I have Sett my hand and sea]. 

Christeen, ye i6th of Nov'br, Jno. Hans Stellman. ] l. s. [ 
1706. w^ 

The lines in ye margin were 
written before ye signing, sealing 
' and Delivery. 


Pietter X P. Stalcop, 


John Justason. 

A. D. 1707. There was held as in the former year a not- 
ified Thanksgiving on the i6th of January, for another 
victory gained over the French by the Duke of Marlbor- 
ough. This year I was compelled to hire a man to split 
500 rails and stakes thereto for the Church yard, for I 
was both disgusted and weary with talking any more 
about it. 

Palm Sunday, the 6th of April, I received a letter 
from Mr. John Orriott, dated London, April i8th, 1706, 
and therein one from the Swedish Minister, Herr Leon- 
krona, dated the 13th of May, 1706, and therein a Bill of 
Lading to me with this mark G. P. E-, dated London, 
April 16, 1706, subscribed by Joseph Palmer, Captain 
of a ship called Warren Brigantine, who brought the two 
letters and the Bill of Lading of the contents of a chest full 
of books which I sometime before had written for, which 
were presented by his Royal Majesty, the now in Sweden 
reigning king Charles XIL, with which was the follow- 


ing duplicate of a letter to Magister Rudman from the 
Herr Secretary, GustaflF Perringer Lillieblad, dated 
Stockholm, July 20th, 1705, with the following therein. 

According to the contents of His Royal Majesty's 
most gracious letter dated Heilborg, in Poland, April 
20, 1704, are the following books granted by His Royal 
favor to the Swedish congregations in America. 

Viz: In a board chest are packed 4 new church Bibles, 
Royal folio. 

40 Bibles octavo printed in Amsterdam. 

4 Psalm books, quarto. 

300 Swedish Psalm books, of which 100 are octavo,, 
and the rest duodecimo, but 40 of them unbound. 

44 Autobiography, 16 mo. 

6 Specula Religiona blansula. 

2 Children's books. 

2 Sennons on His Royal Majesters Victory at Cliscon. 

3 Christ's bloody oflFering for the sins of the world. 
These books were divided in two parcels, half ta 

Wicacoe, and the other half down here at Christina, 
and none to the recently set up church on the other 
side of the river at Rattcongs Creek, because they 
separated from us their churches and ministers so 
irregularly, as is more fully related above. For it was 
thought no more than reasonable and right, that those 
who are left with the whole burden upon them of the 
payment of the debt on the church, and the support of 
the ministers, should first be participants in the King's 
bounty for them and their children. And they on being 
informed of the matter, agreed, as a thanksgiving to 
God, for the safe arrival of the books, to give to the 
church as they did before, for a Bible, 6 shillings; for a 
Psalm book, 3 shillings; but for the octavo, 3 shillings 
and 6 pence, and yet the King's gift would be none the 


less a Royal gift on account of their contribution to the 
church. But it was rumored that one and another were 
foolishly dissatisfied herewith, but they came to a right 

If however there were any left over, tliose others should 
share, but so that the money should be given to this 

The big Bibles and Psalm books that I especially wrote 
for wer^ two of each kind left up there at Wicacoe and 
two down here, one of each on the Pulpit and the others 
on the Altar. 

Easter day, this year, I spoke especially of this busi- 
ness, and of the Royal favour as at that time there wa« 
a large attendance, though no books were given out at 
this time for I first got them down the i8th of May, when 
Jonas Walraven went for them in a boat and they were 
given out afterwards as a list thereof shows. 

To the Great God be praise for his Fatherly care for 
his Church, and may such a King be crowned with 
Heavenly grace, joy and blessedness. 

In Spring-tide of this year, they at Rattcongs 
Creek began more and more to procure Herr Aureen for 
their Minister, and made an especial application to the 
Governor in New York for his permission and agree- 
ment thereto. 

Now in this matter for Herr Aureen's sake, and as a 
conscientious man, I will not meddle with them who will 
not adhere to the Church here. 

Herr Aureen laid before the Governor a special com- 
munication from me, as he had been cited before the 
Governor on certain grave charges, but after a hearing he 
was acquitted and granted permission to act as Minister 
for them. 


Now directly after this, those below Jacob Van deVer's 
down to Pumkin Hook began a movement to obtain 
Herr Aureen to preach every other Sunday for them. 

He did not consent, nor come to any agreement with 
them, but came over himself finally to confer with me 
about it but I bade him be still for I would never agree 
to his going over thereto give me further trouble, for he 
had already got a bit of my bread, which I had given up 
in compassion for his circumstances, and therefore he 
should let the remainder alone. 

He represented the matter to me in this wise, and said 
that if they on the other side should ask him to come 
among them for the sake of charity and good feeling he 
will enter into no arrangement with them without my 
consent, and will leave it altogether to me to have the 
most to say about it. 

I answered him that if they first seek you of their own 
accord, and the others do not move them thereto, I will 
talk further about it, but in the meantime I told him 
that he well knew how we were written for, and came 
here, and that he was not to remain here as a pastor to 
take charge of a congregation. And that he knew how 
disorderly they had separated themselves from us, and 
that he should therefore be circumspect and careful in 
what he did. For said I, if the Governor has given you 
permission, he cannot thereby interfere with me, for I 
have as good and valid a commission for my office to the 
Swedes on that side of the river, as any Governor can 
have to his office as Governor, and that he can, and 
shall not take from me what the high authorities the 
King and Archbishop have delegated to me, and so long 
as I conduct myself properly and honorably cannot be 
taken from me, and though it is in an another govern- 
ment, yet it is not in another kingdom, and that we not 


only live under the same God, but under the same 
Queen and the same Bishop in England. I afterwards 
went over to visit them, as they had heard a report that 
I was never more coming over to them in the capacity 
of a minister, and consequently one and another of 
them was minded to follow after Herr Aureen, but they 
were glad when they saw me and found that the report 
was entirely untrue. They then said that so long as I 
would be their minister, they would never leave me 
who had for their sakes risked so much. 

They furthermore asked my advice as to what they 
should do if they should come to solicit them, and I 
bade them answer that they depended entirely upon 
me, and that unless Herr Aureen come to an agreement 
with me, and comes on mv account, thev will have 
nothing to do with him. 

On the 8th of June, Holy Trii^ity Sunday, as I had 
given notice, Easter day, that whatever that Sunday 
should fall in the purse, should be reckoned as a general 
thanksgiving 'gift for the new Bibles and new Psalm 
books, a so valuable gift to our church, as they had 
done heretofore, so now should make a free offering to 

There fell into the purse 14 shillings, much more 
than the Sunday collection ordinarily, but a much 
greater difference from that which fell in at the recep- 
tion of the church purse, which however was in the 
winter, when not so many folk come together, which 
shows how scarce money is, and as it has been every 
year since I came — growing harder and harder, and 
especially since the building of the church. 

This Sunday I gave notice of a general meeting for 
the next Sundav after Holv Trinitv, the occasion for 


which was that some wish new church wardens in 
place of those in office, to see if they who are fresh in 
office could not quicker put forward the Parsonage 
house to its completion, for some foolishly charged me 
(for their is no wheat without chaff) with having elected 
the former church wardens, which indeed was entirely 
untrue, and so they wanted a meeting now to choose for 
themselves and after their own will and pleasure. 

Therefore I told them that I should not be present 
with them at that time, but exhorted them to be geritle 
and quiet, and especially that whoever they might choose, 
they should be very careful to choose no one who does 
not seek to honor God, whether they confinn the old or 
elect others. 

The first Sunday after Holy Trinity the 13th of June, 
I was at the upper congregation, and on that occasion I 
preached in English in the church above Franfcfort, and 
Swen Colesberg read out of the Postilla, and afterwards 
they went into the election. 

Herr Aureen was there at Christina that Sunday with 
John Gooding, who was familiar with such usage in 
Sweden, and also said that the English are accustomed 
to do so, and they call it a Vestry. 

And Herr Aureen explained the whole business ta 
them, and persuaded them to choose six proper persons 
for a church council, (like as Herr Aureen had brought 
about at Rattcong Creek since he had been there,) 
which they on his indication chose, viz: Charles 
Springer, Brewer Seneke, Pietter Mounson, Cornelius 
Van de Ver, Lucas Stedham and James Seneke, and 
these elected two church wardens, Matthias Pietter- 
son and Edward Robinson, and so Mr. Springer, Peter 
Mounson and Asmund Stedham were out (as wardens,) 


which all as I heard proceeded satisfactorily with pro- 
priety and quietness, and they all agreed to come to me 
at my father-in-law's the next Saturday. 

The next Saturday the 21st June, these eight came 
up to me and notified me of their election, and John 
Gooding also came with them, and said that he had 
been elected by the congregatien to serve as clerk for 
the church-council, but a dispute arose and it was 
averred that it was not so. Then John Gooding began 
to be very decided in his claim, but when the matter 
was further looked into, no one could be found to have 
named him for that office, and the church-council said 
that they did not need a clerk, as they had among them- 
selves some who could write. 

So as it was entirely unknown to me that any such 
choice had been made and as it devolves upon me 
to decide the question, I can say no otherwise than that 
the congregation do not need to choose such an officer, 
as the Church council have among themselves men like 
Mr. Springer and James Seneke who can write and that 
expertly, it is entirely unnecessary to burden another 
therewith in this council. But if a council should 
be chosen hereafter of whom none shall be able to 
write they may then choose one whom they may think 
serviceable for them. And so John Gooding was relieved 
from his cares, which he did not very well accept, but 
it could not be helped. 

After this some inconsiderate persons blamed the 
former Churchwardens' ' irregular management of 
the church income (as for causes before mentioned 
I had not had a general meeting for some time), and 
it was also represented to me by the church council 
that the congregation wished to have a settlement 
financially, for they think that the church debt is paid 
off by this time. 


But I replied that they could not demand of me any 
reckoning yet. 

ist. Because all the bills are not paid; a good many 
no part of them, a good many but little on them and 
so the settlement would be very difficult and trouble- 
some for me, and 

2nd. That I stand as a security for the whole congre- 
gation with Mr. John Hanson Stellman and he can go 
to no one but me for his money. 

Is it reasonable that one who is in debt for what he 
cannot pay at present, having gotten one to stand 
security for him, shall call him to account who has 
gone security for him. 

I therefore was resolved that the churchwardens 
should call in the bills as fast as possible. 

And I also drew up a subscription list for the wardens 
to take around to hurry the finishing of the Parsonage 
house, and nothing more could now be accomplished. 

On Midsummer's day in accordance with the agree- 
ment with me of the above-named church wardens Matz 
Pietterson and Edward Robinson, made the Sunday 
before, we raised the belfry on the north side down by 
the east corner of the church, right opposite a walnut 
tree the whole labor of which cost one pound and 13- 
shillings, which Jesper Walraven and Pietter Pietterson 
on the old land ought to have. 

It was finally resolved that each house-holder and 
each free man in the congregation should pay one 
shilling to settle with them, and if it came in so plenti- 
flly that something should be leff over the surplus 
should be appropiated to something else, notice of which 
was given out the next Sunday. 

The 1 2th of July the people met to pry up the house 
and lay the foundation under it. 


The 4th after Trinity, July 13th, I buried after sermon 
Aaron Johnson who died in his house on Bread and 
Cheese Island the Tuesday before, and was laid in Chris- 
tina Church the Friday following, which was the first 
burial in the church since it was built, with our Swed- 
ish ceremony of standing on the bier during the 
funeral sermon. 

Which funeral took place in the presence of a large 
congregation. His grave is in the main aisle at the 
beginning in the lower quarter where the long pews for 
men begin. 

This we owed to him as he being childless willed 
both personal and real property to the church, which 
was to come into possession so soon as his wife should 

The 9th Sunday after Holy Trinity, they were 
reminded to come and cut more wood for the brick- 
burning, for on Wednesday eight days hereafter is set to 
bum the brick. 

The 1 2th of August when I was at St. Georges and 
preached there, some of the Swedes living there and 
especially Joraii Anderson, John Cock, and Hen- 
drick Ivarson urged and tried to persuade me to 
come once a month to them and they would 
increase my salar\', which they accordingly did 
as they could not conveniently come to church nor their 
children so often as they ought. And I promised to 
comply with their request on condition that they in all 
things should remain united to Christina as heretofore, 
and be willing to help pay for the support of the church 
and parsonage etc., etc. But otherwise I would not 
accede to their request. We then came to an agreement 

See 1710, June 25th. 


and I began my promise the 29th of Aujj^ust, and so 
following preached the Evangelium in course, and 
always catechised therewith, and also on the historj' of 
Christ's sufferings at the proper time and always 
examined them. 

The nth Sunday I again bade them come and cut 
wood for the brick-making, especially those who knew 
themselves that they had not yet done anything, for if 
the moulder had been well the burning should have 
been finished. 

The 1 2th Sunday I finished the reading of the whole 
Bible, both the Old and New Testament for the first 
time, which I began the year I came here, viz: 1697, on 
the i8th of July or 7th Sunday after Trinity, which is so 
much overiten years, as from the 7th Sunday to the 12th, 
or from the i8th of July to the 31st or last of August. 
In concluding, I remarked that those who had been 
diligent and punctual might say confidently that at least 
they had heard the whole Bible read once in their life- 
time from beginning to end, while those who have been 
negligent may not say so. 

But many who heard the beginning and a part there- 
of are now dead, but it is to be hoj^ed tliat they are in 
greater knowledge than we can be who remain. But 
that we who have been spared so long must be grateful 
and give God thanks etc., etc. 

Then I requested the congregation to join with me 
and say, '*We pray Thee C) Lord to still protect both 
old and young, and help us to bear this world's 
burdens, keep us in the truth and give us everlasting 
deliverance to the praise of thy grace and our Eternal 
Joy in Christ Jesus, Amen. 

The 13th Sunday after Holy Trinity Sunday, I began 


again in the name of the I^ord which is the 2nd time, 
Bible reading in the church. And first I explained the 
title Bible, and then the introduction in the newly 
received big Bible, but only read about one half of 
it to the words **then the Christian learner." 

The nth of September on Thursday, the brick- 
maker Pietter Hanson came and prepared a heap of 
bricks so that we set fire under them on Saturday. 

The 14th Sunday, September i4tli, I bade them 
come ill the morning and get more wood for the brick- 
burner set fire under the bricks yesterday, but says he 
needs more wood so that it may not now miscarry for 
then it will be to the loss cf themselves. 

September i6th the burning was finished and the 
burner left in the morning. 

The 1 8th Sunday I reminded them to bring forward 
what they had promised for the Parsonage-house and 
especially the stove. 

The 19th Sunday now in the Lord's name after I 
had read the preface to the Old and New Testaments, 
this Sunday I began the first chapter of the book of the 
creation, and the first chapter of St. Matthews* gospel. 

The ist of November, or All Saints' day, I preached on 
the other side of the river, and that part of the congre- 
gation agreed to hire Swen Kohlsberg to ferry me ov^r 
whenever I set a time to preach there so that I should have 
no such trouble as I have had in years past to get there 
and back again and at that time they made up a sub- 
scription for him amounting to five pounds, dated this 
day, embracing each and all the men at 2 shil. and 
6 pence for each one, so that a first payment should be 
ensured and to Jacob Van de Ver and Jacob Hendrickson 
took upon themselves to be his paymasters for this year 


beginning to reckon the year from this All Saints' Mass 
day of this year to the same next year. 

The 22nd Sunday I reminded them to fulfill their 
promises to the Priest's house and for the books, and 
that they who cannot conveniently come to haul stone 
should come and dig them up, that they who come to 
cart them may so much the faster hand them in. 

The 2nd Sunday after Epiphany, I gave notice that 
inasmuch as Wm. Van de Ver to lighten the labor of 
getting the stone for the Parsonage house had prevailed 
oii{a) Gambia Empson (Cornelius Empson,) to g^ve all 
the stone that may be found at his old house where his 
mill on the Brandy wine Creek some years since stood, 
having been used for a cellar, and now lying all around 
loose and ready to be loaded on a sled, and ready to be 
brought forward, now should the congregation improve 
this opportunity and bring them in with expedition, as 
everything is ready for the mason except the stone which 
should have been first on hand. 

The 25th of June, or Midsummer day, a meeting of 
the congregation was held on the old land, but I was 

Then the Church Wardens- resigned their office and 
settled their accounts with the Church Council, and the 
congregation chose others in their place, viz: Matt Tossa 
and Pietter Pietterson on the old land. 

The ist of September, on a Wednesday, Richard 
Manken was buried by me in Christina Church yard, 
when two Quakers Cornelius Empson and George Rob- 
inson made disturbance with me in the very act of the 
burial, but I nevertheless held on to the end and immed- 
iately thereafter arrested them to stand for trial at the 
court at New Castle. 

a. Gambia means old but is used respectfully. 


The 14th of September, hearing that my beloved col- 
league Magister Rudman was very sick, I went up to 
Philadelphia to visit him. 

He, not without great sorrow to me, died on the 17th 
of Lung sickness, and I buried him in Wicacoe Church, 
just before the altar and preached his funeral sermon in. 
English, in the presence of an exceeding great number 
of people. 

His own chosen text for his burial was Psalms 73d 
chapter and 24th verse. **Thou leadest me by thy coun- 
sel." He was not yet 40 years old. 

The 19th Sunday, I admonished them to bring 
next Wednesday or Thursday to Empson's mill what 
they had promised for books, and to give for the 
Minister's house that the Church Wardens may not 
come short for the payment of the laborers. 

The 30th October, on Saturday, 'there came to me 
George Huntingson and John Gregg, with George Rob- 
inson and Cornelius Empson, and they acknowledged 
that they did very wrong at Richard Meakins fftneral, 
and most sincerelv wished to be reconciled with me.and 
if anything further should be required by the congre- 
gation they will also come and own their fault and ask 
forgiveness. I answered that they should find me 
entirely ready to be friendly, but that the law may have 
something to say about it which I could not prevent. 
They answered that they were willing to undergo that, 
if they first could be reconciled with me, and be at ease 
conscientiously in the matter. 

The 22nd Sunday after Trinity, I again reminded 
them of their promises for the Priests' house, and also 
for the books, and that they should not depend upon 
those who were nearest to cart and attend to the work, 
while those a little further off will take nothing of it on 

1 30 , RECORDS OF 

themselves, and yet they give no more in money; such 
should not be accounted true members of the Church, 
nor will they have so honorable a name when it is once 
finished as the others, because they have done little or 
nothing towards it. 

The 31st November, the following were with me on 
the old land, viz: Brewer Seneke, Lucas Stedham, 
Matz Pietterson, Edward Robinson, James Seneke and 
Pietterson on the old land. 

When came again Cornelius Empson and George 
Robinson to confess and beg pardon for their fault (see 
before Oct. 30th and Sept. 12th,) before the above 
named who were the church council for the whole 
church, and we did not think it on the whole advisable 
that they should appear before our whole congregation 
in church, and it Was by us accepted as in full for good, 
with this understanding previously mentioned by me 
with regard to the legal proceeding, and furthermore 
I laid* it down to them that they must do it of an 
upright heart such as the Almighty God will hereafter 
judge and strictly look upon. 

The 2nd of December I buried Brewer Seneke in the 
church under his own pew at the south side of the 
Altar, who was the second that was buried in the 
church, 1709. 

The 5th Sunday after Epiphany, I reminded them 
of paying in for the Mason. 

The 25th day of April on Easter Monday, the con- 
gregation met after sermon on the Old Land for further 
consultation about the building of the Priesthouse. 

Saturday July 9th the meeting was held on Old Land 
instead of the regular Midsummer's day meeting and at 
this time I was constrained to give in these points of my 


hardship, and through them exhibit my situation and 

I St. That in 7 years time I have missed from the 
other side of the river each year 10 pounds and some 
shillings which amounts to at least 70 pounds. 

2nd. That on this side I have yearly missed as 
follows : From Hance Gustaffson i pound, Hendrick 
TossH, 15 shil., John Mounson i pound, Paul Pietterson 
8shil., John Van de Ver i pound, old Jacob Van de Ver 
I pound, Luloff Stedhem i pound, John Stalcop 2 
pounds, James Seneke i pound, Brewer Seneke i pound, 
Jesper Wallraven i pound, Olle Thomas i pound, mak- 
ing 12 pounds and 3 shil. 

This loss has been occasioned to me by the removal 
of some so far away that they could not attend this 
church. And that in other cases I had not the heart 
to insist on payment every year but was promised 
to have it all made up, but they never got anything 
ahead, and finally died so that I never got anything, 
and dying, left widows who were not able to pay so 
much as while their husbands were living, and so from 
various causes there has been a constant falling off from 
what was first promised me, and there never is anything 
done to make up the deficiency. 

All of which reckoned one year, with another is at 
least 50 pounds, though if I were to be accurate in the 
calculation, it would amount to more. 

3rd. That I for seven years time have been subjected 
to various expenses and hardships, by reason of not 
getting to live on the Priest-land, which lies so near the 
church, being compelled at all times to keep a horse, 
to be out in foul as well as fair weather, and have 
everything to buy, and if I did not live with my wife's 
folk as I now do, I must have often suffered want, and I 


reckon my loss each year at 20 pounds, which if I only 
reckon for 5 years and not for the whole seven, amounts 
to 100 pounds for this point. 

4th. That my year's salary does not amount to 40 
pounds country currency, and irregular enough at that. 
How can it be likely that I can hold out longer in this 
way. A man servant has it better here in this country, 
and I must ride around, and scrape, and send after 
what I may get, as if it was my duty to send around 
the parish for something to live upon. But I must not 
forget to except some, who have some consideration, 
and are always prompt to send in. But you can in the 
course of the year more easily send in your dues, than 
that I should send around my horse and boy, as if I had 
not enough for my horse to do without that. 

I was promised 50 pounds a year on this side of the 
river, which would now in 12 years amount to 600 
pounds, but I have received but 382 pounds and 6 
pence, but if on the ground upon which they offered, 
had I received there would still be 70 pound arrear- 
age from the other side. 

I heard nothing else but that the congregation were 
troubled that it should go thus with me, and that they 
had not so correctly understood before, and had not duly 
considered, and therefore they consulted among them- 
selves, in what manner my support could be bettered. 

And they decided that unmarried men, and those who 
marry shall begin to help, for they live ampng the 
congregation, and enjoy all the privileges in the church 
in common with the others. 

And also it was decided that the old householders 
should add somewhat to their subscriptions, and that 
the church wardens should take charge of this matter, 
with which I for this time let myself be content. 


At this time there were elected church wardens in 
the place of Mattz Tussy, and Pietter Conpany, Wm. 
Van de Ver, and Erick Errickson on Cranehook,and the 
former two were taken into the church council, in place 
of Brewer Seneke,' and James Seneke, and so there were 
six again as there were in the beginning. 

At this meeting it was also promised me that I should 
be helped to grain for my bread for the first year after I 
came into the parsonage, as there was no produce from 
it for me. 

The 7th Sunday after Holy Trinity Sunday which 
was the 7th of August, I gave notice that the English 
around about here, being again without a minister had 
made application to me to preach to them in their own 
language. I had been requested and urged to preach 
in English for them every other Sunday, beginning to 
preach to them the next coming Sunday, but so that I 
should always have preached in Swedish before the 
English are assembled. 

I bade the congregation not to take this up wrong, 
but rather be glad and thank God for the signal grace 
that they so far from their Fatherland and under another 
government have yet the advantage in spiritual things, 
to have Priests who not only can serve themselves, but 
also the English instead of what would seem more 
likely that the Swedes should need the help of the 

Therefore that they should grant to their fellow- 
christians in common with themselves, the preaching 
of God's word and administration of His ordinances, 
which peradventure they may at some other time need 
from them. 

For the Swedes have had and will have God*s word 
so abundantly preached and administersd in Swedish 


that if they live in accordance, Christianity will soon 
come to a great betterment. 

The 8th Sunday after Trinity I began my promised 
service and preaching for the English till they should get 
one of their own language again. 

1 710. On the 22nd of January, I buried our bell- 
ringer and reader, Swen Colsberg, a no small loss to 
me and the congregation, on account of his useful work 
amongst us. And I reminded them at that time that 
those who knew themselves to be in arrears with his pay 
should now with an honest heart towards his wife and 
children, let them have for their use what he has 
honestly earned. 

And I also said that as I now remarked their conduct 
towards him, a servant of the church, so should I 
suspect they would do with regard to me, if I should 
die to-day or to-morrow. 

Last Friday, January 20th, I flitted at last in the 
Lord's name, into the slowly built, and now but little 
more than half finished Priest house on the Old Land, 
and now they should remember their promise to help 
me towards the housekeeping. 

And so after almost thirteen years of difficult and tire- 
some journeys to the church, I hope to have a little 
easier life, if God shall please. 

The 24th of June, Midsummer day on a Saturday, we 
held the usual congregational meeting; when 

ist. The church wardens, Wm. Van de Ver and Erick 
Erickson on Cranehook, made up and settled their 

2nd. They were re-elected for the coming year. 
3rd. They contributed more for the finishing of the 


4th. They promised to help me with the rail-splitting. 

5th. Gave their consent that the laud of the late 
Aaron Johnson, viz: loo acres which was a separate 
■deed, should in accordance with his will belong to me. 
I represented and stated that the congregation had just 
nothing to do with it, but that I would not appropriate 
it to myself without their knowledge. 

For as I under God had been the cause of the late old 
man's giving all his possessions to our church, or else I 
might as surely have had all for myself, as I now have 
this pen in my hand which I am now writing with. 

But (before God I lie not,) I by God*s grace have the 
mind, so much as is possible, always to look entirely to 
the welfare of the church, how it in time to come shall 
be better and better able to support a minister among 
them than now can be done, and so he was induced to 
make his will to Christina Church, and not to me. And 
as I for so many years could hardly have my daily 
support, and never be so rich as to buy me a bit of land 
for my wife and children to live upon, if I should die 
here, and the loose property of his estate could not well 
be divided, therefore, has God's providence so ordered 
that this piece of land came to me. And the congrega- 
tion should so much the more wiljingly grant me this, 
as I otherwise could have had all, but through God's 
dispensing the best was left to the church. 

6th. Philip Cornelieson Van de Ver, of Christina, 
promised to ring the bell for a while, which ringing I 
had usually done myself after the late Kolsberg's 
death, which I did not, however, come here to do. 

The loth Sunday after Trinity, August 13th, I 
requested the congregation to stop after the close of the 
service and come to some further conclusion about the 


bell ringing for this year, for this Philip Van de Ver 
will not serve any longer, and reminding them that what 
I had done they must consider was neither my duty nor 
ray calling, and very little proper for me, but what I 
did was done to show that I will hold myself ready to 
perform anything that I may deem conducive to the 
honor and service of God and his Church, however com- 
mon it seem or may be, but that the congregation ought 
not to take advantage of my willingness, as it will not 
be creditable to them among strangers. 

However Philip Van de Ver concluded to hold on 
longer, and if he fails the Churchwardens will ring each 
his alternate Sunday. 

Tuesday, September 5th, I was with Mr. Walter Mar- 
tin at Marcus Hook to preach English, having been 
called by him in the name ofmany others with the idea^ 
that I should preach for them every other Sunday, until 
they should get a Priest at Chester again, but I found 
very little earnestness and zeal among them, and made 
no arrangement with them, but I preached for thase 
present at that time. 

The 20th of September I buried my then youngest 
child Petter, in Christina Church, (which was the third 
burial in the Church,) on the south side of the altar in 
before the choir just before my pew. God comforted 
me by th^ unexpected presence of Herr Aureen, who 
buried him with a funeral sermon from Job ist Chapter, 
2ist verse, else must I have cast earth on him myself, as 
no Priest was near at hand, and it fell heavy on me as 
this was my first sorrow connected with my married 

I must always be ready to serve others on like occa- 
sions, but I could not expect anyone to serve for me^ 


but then I say came Heir Aureen. The child's age was 
only 10 months, two weeks and 3 days. 

171 1. Midlent Stinday or nth of March, I gave notice 
that Churchwarden Wm. Van de Ver had presented to 
our church a black pall as a New Year's gift, with these 
letters upon it W. A. V.-ie, Wm. and Alice Van de 
Ver, memento-mori. The 2nd Sunday after Easter or 
April 15th, I asked the congregation to come and clear 
a piece of land for me to sow upon and they came on 
Wednesday, April 25th, and I bade them also fulfill 
their promise to furnish me with bread-seed until I can 
get my own. 

April 17th on a Wednesday, when I preached on the 
other side of the river there came a baptist by the name 
of Cabner, from Pumpkinhook, their pedobaptist min- 
ister, and made friends with me, and in the presence of 
a heap of my congregation and of some of his own, 
acknowledged that he'had talked against me otherwise 
than he should have done and was sorry for it and 
promised better in the future. I answered him that I 
would be satisfied, but I wished that he had brought 
with him certain others of his congregation such as 
Lars and Hendrick, and not these young ones, for the 
others are old and experienced, and thus I should feel 
more like trusting him ; nevertfieless I assured him 
of my friendship, and at that time I talked with him 
with regard to what it was to be a Priest, and he acknowl- 
edged that he was not a minister as the English tenn it, 
but only served those of his opinion with the inten- 
tion of building up a society. 

The 4th Sunday after Easter, May 23rd, I preached on 
the other side, and Hendrick Janson left off setting me 
over, and they on the other side engaged John Mink 
to do the same for one year, and the 7th of June when I was 


there they sat down their names for what they will give 
him for his trouble. 

Saturday June 23rd, we held our general midsummer 
meeting, for midsummer's day fell on Sunday this year. 

ist. We settled the accounts for the Wardens this 
year, viz: William Van de Ver and Erick Erickson. 

2nd. There was no change of Churchwardens, for 
William being angry at some talk of Matz Pietterson, 
which he had heard, went his way and with the records 
etc., with him, so that we could accomplish nothing 
more that day, and we agreed that Eric and William 
should stand for another year unless they declined. 

4th. We consulted about up timbering the bam, and 
those who promised assistance set down their names. 

5th. We agreed with Philip Van de Ver to ring the 
bell for another year, the congregation to pay him 

The 1 2th Sunday, August igth, the girl Rose did 
penance for having improperly used at one time in the 
church the bason and linen cloth, which were always 
used when Holy Baptism was performed. 

This penance was perfonned in English, for she was 
an Irish woman, and understood that language best, 
next to her* own. 

She promised 20 shillings old currency to the church 
with which another bason and linen cloth should be 
bought for use in this sacrament. 

This girl though a stranger to us and could have 
easily run away, (as some thoughtless folk among us 
advised her to do, ) yet would by no means do it, but 
when her misdoing was divscovcred and she understood 
that she had done illy, though she had done it 
ignorantly, having though baptized been for a long 


time brought up amoiig the Quakers, with weeping con- 
fessed her fault and testified her sorrow of heart, and 
expressed her willingness to suffer whatever we thought 
she deserved, even if she should be taken to Court and 

I talked the matter over with the Church Council and 
so mediated in the matter that it was decided that if she 
would do penance according to our church law, and give 
something to the church, it should suffice, and she did 
so, and this so far as we can judge, was a clear sign that 
she was in a good measure penitent for her act. 

N. B. — This was a rare example of obedience which 
many of our own people would not have complied with 
if they had been adjudged to it, for she was a stranger 
to us and upon my advice did it, though she might have 
run away and have earned her living somewhere else, 
for she was a free- woman. 

1 71 2. The third Sunday in Ivcnt or the 23rd of 
March, I was solicited again to preach English for the 
country-folk which belong to New Castle, (though they 
also came from New Castle,) until they shall get some 
one in Mr. Tinkler's place, who left them in a very 
irregular manner. 

I promised them that if they will have a little more 
consideration for my circumstances than they had when 
I helped them before, I would preach ever>' other Sunday 
for them, but so as that the one Sunday it should be here 
at Christina Church, and the other at the house of the 
smith Mr. Wm. Ball, so thdt those who cannot come to 
the church can have better convenience to meet there 
at Mr. BalPs and for their sakes I will take the trouble 
to ride from here down there, but it must be understood 
that I first preach in vSwedish for my own proper con- 


gregation, and then come to them, and so they have 
preaching in the afternoon. 

Midlent Sunday, the first of March, I began to fulfill 
this arrangement to preach in English here at Christina, 
and then fourteen days after at John BalPs, and so at 
Christina again, and then at John Ball's, etc., etc. 

The 9th of January, 1709, I received a letter from the 
High Worthy Bishop in Skara, Dr. Jesper Swedberg, 
dated Brunsbo, the 27th of April, 1708, the contents of 
which were that his Royal Majesty had been graciously 
pleased to recall me home with the assurance of a good 
position for me, and had ordered that two other good 
and suitable Priests should be selected, commissioned 
and sent to relieve me, and that his Royal Majesty had 
also granted to the congregation ten copies of the new 
revised Bible in folio, and four hundred well bound 
psalm books. To God be the glory, etc. , etc 

171 1. June ist I received a letter from Dr. Swedberg 
dated Brunsbo, August ist, 17 10, of various contents 
as about the unfortunate war in which * Sweden is 
engaged, which has postponed thesendingoverof the two- 
Priests, also of a new Swedish congregation in Ivondon,. 
who have requested Dr. Swedberg to be their Bishop, 
and thereupon he had sent to them OUe Norberg, and 
then he told how that his Royal Majesty had intrusted 
him with the care of these Churches so far away also, 
and so is God's grace abundantly shown us so far away. 
To His name be the glory now and evermore. 

The 1st of May on a Tuesday, there came over to me 
through the blessing of God, from Sweden, the Honor- 
worthy gentlemen and Priestmen, Magister Andreas 
Hesselius and Herr Abraham Lidenius, Mr. Charles 
Rumsie being their conductor from Bohemia Landing 
up here. 


Magister Hesselius' brother Herr Gustaff Hesselius, 
a portrait painter, came up some days after with their 
things by boat from Apaquimani. 

They had with them His Royal Majesty Carl XII. 
gracious recall to me home again, dated Headquarters 
Smorgoniain Lithuania, February 21st, 1708, with his 
Majesty's hand and Royal Seal thereon, and along with 
that they had another letter from his Royal Majesty to 
the Church, with respect to my recall and the sending 
over of other Priests, dated at the same place and the same 
day and year as that to me. 

Next there was one from the Royal Council in Stock- 
holm, of various contents, dated Stockholm, June 23d, 
171 1, empowered with the Royal seal and some of their 
signatures underwritten. 

Then there was one from »the Highworthy Bishop in 
Skara, Dr. Jesper Swedberg to the congregation, dated 
Bnmsbo Bishop's Gard in Skara September 7, 171 1. 

And I also received Magister Andreas Hesselius and 
Herr Lidenins' commission to the pastorate printed in 
Latin and Swedish dated at Brunsbo, September 7, 171 1. 

All these except the first which is especially mine 
were read to the congregation and were ftlt in the 
original letters with the Church at Christina and they 
were copied by Mag. HeSvSellius into the new Church 

And so do God and the King deal with us so far from 
the Fatherland with wonderful goodness us Swedish. 

I had received a short time before from Dr. Swedberg 
a letter with regard to the exchange, but at the same 
time he knew not how the matter could be consummated 
on account of the great distress which Sweden by reason 
of a long war with Russia, and his Majesty's disastrous 
battle at Pultowa and his escape through great danger 


by the unspeakable protection of God, into Tartary and 
Turkey, but just then against our expectations these 
Honorworthy Priestmen came. May God's goodness 
be ever praised. 

These Honorworthy Gentlemen remained with me 
the whole of that year, the two clergymen having their 
board in the Priesthouse, but Mons Gustaff Hessellius 
after a few weeks flyted on account of his business to 

The 4th Sunday after Easter, May i8th, I exchanged 
with Mr. George Ross, he preaching for me at Christina, 
and I for him at Chester (or Upland.) 

Then I with Mag. Andreas Hessellius, Mr. Lidenins 
and Mons Gustaff Hessellius went up to Mr. Sandall at 
Wicacoe, and the next day which was May 19th a 
Monday, we went to Philadelphia to pay our respects 
to the Vice Governor, Charles Gookin but did not meet 
him till the next day, when these Honorworthy gentle- 
men showed him their passport and commission and 
Gov. Wm. Penn's letter from London, and thereupon 
were received ver)^ favorably. 

The saitie day Tuesday, May 20th, we went up to 
Oxford where we met with some Priests, Mr. John Tal- 
bot from Burlington, (who preached from Matthew 5th, 
chapter i6th verse,) and Mr. Evans of Philadelphia, 
Mr. Clubb from Apaquimani, Mr. Humphrey here at 
Oxford, Mr. Sandall of Wicacoe, Magister Hessellius, 
Herr Lidenius and myself from Christina, who after the 
sermon laid the corner-stone of a brick church in the 
place of a clap-board church only 24 feet long. May 
God prosper this work for His glory. 

Then we were invited to dinner at Mr. Malice's, and 
then we Swedes went to Mr. SandalPs for the evening 


Mr. Evans the clergyman at Philadelphia, our especial 
friend, treated these new comers with peculiar respect 
and kindness, and took them around to all the most 
respectable persons in Philadelphia who were connected 
with his Church to make them acquainted with them, 
and a short time after there came to Mr. Evans, the 
High-worthy Bishop Henry of London's letter of recom- 
mendation, a copy of which I will take this opportunity 
to record that our posterity may see how we Swedes and 
the English, (i. e. those of the English Church, ) lived 
together in truth and fellowship. 

I recommend to you these two Swedish Missionaries Mr. Andreas 
Hessellius and Mr. Abraham Lidenios, who came over to supply 
the place of Mr. Rudman whom I desire you to receive, with all 
brotherly friendship and charity, and to cultivate the best under- 
standing you can with them, and to assist with any direc ions 
they may stand in need of, and in my name recommefid them to 
the good will and protection of the Governor. 

. I pray God direct you 

and believe me, Sir, 
Your most assured friend 
and Brother, 
Fulham, Henry 

Feb. 8th, 1712, London. 

And we have always been counseled 'and instructed 
from Sweden to maintain friendship and unity with the 
English, so that we and the English Church shall not 
reckon each other as dissenters like the Presbyterians, 
Anabaptists, Quakers, &c., but as sister Churches. 

Easter Day, June 8th, I gave notice that as now these 
Honor- worth> gentlemen had presented themselves to 
the Governor, therefore to-morrow which is Easter Mon- 
day, all the letters and credentials will be read to the 

The Bishop has made a mistake here as Mr. Rudman had been for some 
time dead and they sent to take the place of Mr. Biork. 


144 RECORDS or 

congregation, and therefore they will diligently come 

Easter Monday, June 9th, I gave notice of a general 
meeting for Saturday 1 2 days thereafter, at which time 
after the close of Divine Service in the presence of a 
very large congregation, many being present from the 
other side of the river and from St. Georges, I read the 
above named Royal letters and that of the High worthy 
Father Dr. Swedberg, with here and there some 
necessary explanation of them and I then called their 
especial attention to the gracious favor shown them 
by God and the King who so cares for us here while 
at home in Sweden they are suffering great hard- 
ships and are in difficult circumstances on account of a 
protracted war. 

And now as the hardships of a single minister in 
attempting to serve this congregation have been made 
known and represented by my letter the High worthy 
Father Dr. Swedberg to whom has been confided the 
spiritual care of these churches as their Bishop, has 
especially requested of the King that Mr. Hessellius 
should have another with him for a help, so that the 
congregation may be better served and cared for than 
I alone have been able to do or could have done here- 
after, therefore this congregation should earnestly give 
thanks to God and pray for such pious and gracious 

Then I said to them as they arc new comers and not 
yet acquainted with and accustomed to this country-, 
I will not immediately relinquish all my duties but will 
still go forward in my care for them as far as practica- 
ble. . 

I therefore mostly for the whole of this year preached 


and held Divine service with the help of these Honor- 
worthy gentlemen. 

Holy Trinity Sunday, June 15th, at High Mass, Magis- 
ter, Hesselius preached his first sermon May God bless 
the preaching in the future. 

The 2ist of June we held the meeting notified as 
above stated, instead of the usual Midsummers' day meet- 
ing the 25th of June, and the following business was 
done and agreed to. 

ist. Wm. Van de Ver and Erick Erickson were re- 
appointed churchwardens. 

2nd. All those who are back on their subscription for 
the Priesthouse promised to pay up by Autumn. 

3rd. Wm. Van de Ver should get a new church book. 

4th. All who are in arrears to the bellringer must 
pay up by Autumn. 

5th. Philip Van de Ver promised to ser\^e as bellman 
as long as he lives at Christina. 

6th. Mr. John Hanson Stellman must be notified 
to come up and meet me to settle up his accounts in the 
presence of the Church Council on the loth of October 
next coming. 

7th. That the churchwardens must collect the Priests 
salary yearly, so that they shall not be obliged to under- 
go that hardship. 

8th. That all who know themselves to be in arrears 
with my salary must pay in the coming spring without 
further delav. 

9th. The congregation promised to give me money 
for my journey when the good God is pleased to grant 
me in accordance, with my calling, to go from here to 
my earthly Fatherland. 

loth. Christian Juransen presented to the church an 

Ironbound Shrine. 


nth. They promised as.the Priests were now boarding 
with me for this whole year they would help me in 
meat and drink. 

1 2th. Finally, in accordance with the late Aaron 

Johnson's Testament of the 2nd of November 1701, 

that a portion of the land should belong to me, 

which the then present churchwardens should make 

over to me when he died so it was that in this meeting, 

Mr. Charies Springer, Edward Robinson and Matz 

Pietterson in presence of witnesses gave it over to me 

under their hands and seals as a true copy thereof 

here follows: 

Know all men by these presents whom it may or shall here- 
after concern, that whereas Aaron Johnson of Bread and Cheese 
Island, deceased, by his last Will and Testament did for several 
good causes and reasons him then there thereunto moving, give 
unto ye Reverend Minister Magister Eric us Bi«^rck, part of his 
estate which was left and given in charge to see it done and 
executed by those churchwardens which then were churchwar- 
dens when ye said Testatour dyed. Now in Consideration of 
what is heare specifyed doe wee the underwritten give and g^nt 
unto ye Reverend Minister Mag. Ericus Biorck his heirs Execu- 
tors. Administrators, or assigns, a certain Tract of land, situate, 
being, and lying near James Robinson's containing One hun- 
dred and Tenn Acres of Land more or less as ye Pattent more 
at large makes appeare Whereunto wee have sett our hands and 

At Christeen 
2 1 St day of June 
Anno Domi 171 2 

Signed Sealed and Delivered in presence of 
Andrew Hessellius 
Jos. Anderson. 

Wm. Van de Ver, Chari^BS Springer, [l. s.] 

Pietter Pietterson, Matthias Pietteson, [l. s.] 

Jn. Stallcop, Edward Robinson:. [l. s.J 

Erick Erickson, 
Jonas Walraven. 


The first Sunday after Trinity, June 22nd, Mr. Abra- 
ham Lidenius preached his first sermon. May the good 
God bless. 

Monday, June 23rd, I was with Magisters Hessellius and 
Lidenius at a meeting of ministers at Philadelphia, for 
the purpose of writing to the Queen and Bishop in 
England, with reference to two acts of the Assembly. 

I was also with the Queen's Surveyor General Cor- 
nelius Querry, who upon Churchwarden William Van 
de Ver's bespeaking, presented the church a new church 
book in folio, which was left to these new clerg^ymen. 

The 5th Sunday after Holy Trinity, July 20th, after I 
had held Oct song, I rode to John Ball's to preach, and 
Magister Hessellius was with me and baptized a child,it 
being the first baptized by him since he came here. 

The father's name was Stephen Cornelius, the 
mother's HustruWilleminkie, and the child's name Cor- 
nelius, born eight days before. 

Friday, October ist, I went to St. Georges, and Mr. 
Lidenius went with me and preached there for the first 

Thursday, October i6th, I went over the river and Mr. 
Lidenius was along and preached for them for the first 

The 2nd of November I went to Philadelphia to 
receive the chest of books from the ship Philadelphia, 
Captain Spencer, which through God's grace had come 
over safely from Sweden. The chest cost, betwixt 
England and here, 2 pounds 15 shillings Stirling for 
freight. The books were to have come along with 
Messrs. Hessellius and Lidenius, but as on account of the 
war they could not go direct from Stockholm to Den- 
mark, but must go by land to Giotheborg and from there 


by an English ship to England. The books being 
mentioned in letters brought by them could not come 
with them, but they were sent from Stockholm, and so 
to God be the glory, safely came here. 

Wm . Mahlander and young Pietter Jaquette on Swan 
Cove, carried half of them down in a boat, and Wm. 
Mahlander willingly and unasked put his horse to the 
cart, and late Saturday evening the 22nd of November, 
came from Swan Cove here to Christina with them. 
The Lord's name be praised. Magister Hessellius has 
the list of them, how many bibles in folio and psahn 
books great and small of various sorts. 

Friday, December 5th, while I was at St. Geprges, 
they from over the river came and requested and made 
agreement that Mr. Lidenius should be with them over 
the winter, and took him home with them. May the 
Lord God for his Glory bless his forthgoing. 

A. D. Thursday, January 8th, I went to St. Georges 
and Mr. Hessellius went with me and he preached there 
for the first time. 

The first Sunday after Epiphany, Januar)' nth, I 
gave notice of a general meeting of the congregation 
fourteen days from the next coming Saturday on the 
Old Land in good time, and reminded them of it the two 
following Sundays also. 

The 31st of January, on Saturday, was held the meet- 
ing as notified above, wherein was read the account I 
have with Mr. John Hanson Stellman on the debt 
against the church on their notes. 

2nd. It was resolved to call him to a reckoning 
whether or no, for I am in earnest to go over to Sweden 
the coming spring. And they chose Charles Springer 
and Matz Pietterson to attend to it. 


3rd. We talked of my journey home and how it could 
creditably be accomplished, and whether they could 
promise and provide something thereto or not, so that I 
could arrange my affairs and have no hindrance. 

4th. Magister Hessellius,on account of various rumors 
among the folk with regard to his time of being here, 
read anew his commission from Sweden to thoroughly 
enlighten them so that they had nothing more to say 
about it. 

5th. That this year ought to be reckoned as my fahr- 
dag or moving year, for one cannot here as in Sweden 
and other similar countries break up just on a set day 
and move from one church to another, and therefore all 
the income till May ought to belong to me, but after 
the coining May I will have nothing to do with the 
church or income. 

6th. That the Priesthouse and the land will then 
belong to Magisters Hessellius and Lidenius except 
what is there at present which has all been collected by 
me and at my own expense and belongs to me to retain 
and take away. 

7th. Those present wrote down their yearly contribu- 
tion for the support of the Magisters. 

8th. Some on another paper set down what they 
would give me for traveling expenses. 

The first Sunday in Lent, February 22nd, there came 
over correct news that Mr. Jonas Aureen, the night 
betwixt previous Monday and Tuesday had died having 
been taken the Thursday before with pain in the 
breast of a stabbing and burning kind, and that he was 
to be buried Tuesday the 24th, but as I could see no 
convenient way of going over at that season of the year 
and as Mr. Lidenius was then on that side I bade the 



messenger salute him from me and ask him to do what 
he could through God's grace, as also to inform Mr. 
Sandall all of which was done, and he preached a 
funeral sermon over him though not requested. He 
left behind a widow and two sons the youngest not over 
five weeks old. 

And so Rattcongs Creek is again without a minister, 
and of the three sent over here by God and the 
authorities, I alone remain by the good pleasure of 
God, while the other two who confidently expected to go 
back to their earthly Fatherland, must lay their weary 
bones in this wilderness land. What God will be 
pleased to do with me time will tell. Let his will be 

The 2nd of March I went up to Mr. Sandall, and the 
3rd of March we both went up to Matz Keen. Then 
the 4th of March we went up to Burlington to the meet- 
ing, as the English Priests were to come together from 
York and Jersey with us from Pennsylvania but as the 
others did not come only us from Pennsylvania, seven 
persons, and Mr. Talbot of Burlington, the eighth, we 
wrote a letter to the Society and Thursday the 5th of 
March we came back to Frankfort or Oxford to the conse 
cration. We laid the corner-stone last May and Mr. 
Talbot preached again from Acts 5tli chapter, 29th verse 
the last words. 

Thereupon we went to Mr. Malice\s to dinner and 
staid over night with Matz Keen, and so home again to 
Mr. SandalPs. To God be the glory. 

Sunday mid-lent, March 15th, I gave notice of a 
meeting next coming Saturday on account of Magister 
Hessellius and Mr. Lidenius, for the cause tha I not 
only am to leave the congregation on next coming May 


day, but for the special reason of Magister Hessellius 
talk to me that either he or I must leave the parsonage 

But indeed I never thought to have moved out of the 
Priest-house but to go to sea, but now must flit to my 
old dwelling place on my late father-in-law Pietter Stal- 
cop's land, but so they are to be left with empty house 
and hands, for all which is there is mine, and there was 
(a) no inventarium provided for me, and nothing thus 
far has been furnished for the parsonage. 

Therefore the congregation must consult and provide 
for them, or else when I leave they must leave also and 
they must look out for themselves elsewhere, and so 
they will not come back to them if the congregation 
fai! to provide for them now where they are and should 
be, and I bade them take into consideration God's daily 
mercies to them and be careful what they did. 

The 2ist of March they came together, and Magiste. 
Hessellius explained the above farther, and assured them 
that he would be satisfied with what they had in their 
own houses, and that the congregation should provide 
what necessity required as well for food as other house- 
hold stuff. 

And also that they should provide a horse and boy, for 
otherwise if they wish either of them to come to them 
they must send a horse for them, but if they would get 
a horse for the Priest house they would do as I had been 
used to do and visit them often at their houses. 

I also further instructed them that in this business 
the first thing in setting a Priest house in order is to 
procure an inventarium, and that if they had done so 
for me and sowed the land for me at their own expense, 
and then delivered it tome and given ine poultry and 
other things, I should now be able to deliver it over to 

a. Inventarium household furniture, horses, cows, slaves, servants &c. 


my successors, and if they will now do it they will be 
hereafter rid of this trouble when again a change shall 
be made , and as this is an unaccustomed for them they 
should not let it seem strange and hard. 

Those present resolved to contribute, and also that 
two (this time Churchwardens Erick Erickson and 
young Jacob Van de Ver,) should go around and see 
what each one would promise to provide, so that it should 
be in by May, and so that they who are more able shall 
be first in the meantime, and then the others when the 
small animals come to grass, and then one send one 
thing, and another something else the well to do, first, 
for this year has been the poorest year generally among 
the people there has been since I came here into this coun- 
try; for some there was immediately something written 
down on this list. 

At Easter Mr. Lidenius was to come from the other side 
of the river again. 

Long Friday, April 3d, when I was to preach both 
sermons, it happened that towards morning I became 
very sick with a chill and thereafter pain in the whole 
body which held me over Easter till the fourth day 
when I began to find e se. In the meantime Magister 
Hessellius and Mr. Lidenius conducted Divine service. 

The 3d Sunday after Easter, April 26th, I was so far 
recovered that (God be praised) I preached, and as this 
was the last Sunday of my 16 years' labor and duty, for 
the next Friday was the first of May, I intended to have 
something specially moving thereon, but was compelled 
to omit it on account of the powerful storm that came 
up, so that few people came to the church and so I 
deferred it till if God will, I may get another oppor- 
tunity and freedom to do it. 


God be sincerely praised for his grace and mercy so 
faithfully shown to unworthy me all these sixteen years' 
service and administration, in his dear bought church 
here in this wilderness. 


What now hereafter follows are various experiences 
and happenings to me personally. 

The fourth Sunday after Easter the 3rd of May, (the 
first Sunday of Magister Hessellius and Mr. Lidenius 
taking charge at Christina) as with the church, Christ's 
prepared spiritual bride,so did Magister Hessellius enter 
into matriomony with Jonas Walraven's daughter Vir- 
gin Sarah Walraven, which after three times publishing 
took place in Christina church, the above named Sun- 
day when I preached the marriage sermon over them 
from John 3rd Chap. , 29th verse ; He that hath the 
Bride,is the Bridegroom, etc., and Mr. Sandall,from Wic- 
cacoe perfonned all the rest with the speech to the bride 
at the house and the marriage ceremony, etc. , which I 
would not do on account of my love for ayid adherence 
to the customs of my Fatherland and its old customs 
which I see are being done away with, such as crowning 
the bride, etc., through the introduction of these 
English customs. I also read to the congregation 
at the same time a letter written and signed by Magisters 
Hessellius and Lindenius concerning what had twice 
before been discussed, viz: that they must now bring in 
what they promised or have no more Divine service. I 
remarked upon this writing as well as I could, and said to 
the people that they should never let such a scandal be 
spread and thus anger and grieve God, the authorities 
and me, etc. , etc. 

So from present appearances there is no Divine ser- 
vice- to be expected here next Sunday or for many 


following. In the meantime I talked with Magister 
Hessellius and Lindenius with regard to their satisfac- 
tion, to get exact terms with regard to what they ex- 
^ pected as it is not enough to have a thing unless I know 
how to use and exhibit it on proper occasions. 

While in the meantime Mr. Springer, who from the 
first beginning has been a willing and useful instrument 
of the Lord in this congregation, though entirely un- 
honored and unrecompensed therefor, now particularly in 
this business interested and concerned himself. He 
offered to keep Mr. Lidenins a whole year freely with- 
out any charge to the congregation and furnish him a 
horse to ride whenever he wished, and nevertheless do 
his part for Magister Hessellius in the Priest house with 
the rest of the congregation, if they ^ill take his good- 
willing offer for the sake of the credit of the church till 
we can be in somewhat better order and condition. 
This very much affected the Magisters and as in the 
meantime Mr. Springer, Conrad Errick of Crane hook, 
Lucas Stedham, etc., had brought in for them to begin 
with at their housekeeping, they promised to begin Di- 
vine service the following Sunday, which was Rogation 
Day, May loth, which was done and Mr. Lidenins 
preached and Thursday following he moved into the 
house as I had on Tuesday, the 5th of May, left alto- 
gether, wife, children ^nd furniture and removed to my 
house on my late father-in-law Pietter Stallcop's place, 
and my wife's sister, Mariah Stallcop was with us the 
whole time. 

Saturday, the 9th of May, Magister Hessellius witli 
his wife moved into the house to go on with his service 
and calling, and thereto may the good God give both 
to them and the church his grace and blessing, that lov- 


ing and upbuilding unity and agreement may come for 
Jesus Christ's sake in the power of the Holy Ghost. 

The 4th day, Pentecost, May ajtli, I preached on the 
other side of the river at the house of the late Von 
Nemmen's widow, the place of preaching having been 
chosen by Paul Jaquette by the river. When I with 
some words took my leave of them using for the occa- 
sion the text: '' The Father draweth him,'' saying how 
1 had been .drawn with them for sixteen years, I being 
an instrument drawn by the Holy Spirit. That now 
the good God had let two come over, who easier than 
one can draw a load and burden. 

I notified them that those teachers had called a meet- 
ing at Christina the next coming Saturday, and that 
they on that side must come over that they may hear. 

That they must, as heretofore, still hold together and 
help each other, for so they can have so much the more, 
and more ready services of these ministers, than they 
heretofore have been able to have of me who have been 
alone. And I promised them all my service and further- 
ance, and especially that they now with Mr. Hessellius' 
leave should have Mr. Lidenins more continuously with 

Friday, June 5th, I preached at St. Georges, when I 
let them km.w that my time was up and that they must 
unite heartily with these two ministers sent over in my 
place by God and the authorities, so that they may give 
them service as I have, that I had already said much to 
the ministers on their account, but that if they do not 
come to the church the ministers will think they are 
not satisfied with the service at Christina, and in the 
meantime I promised to serve them occasionly till they 
should be with Magister Hessellius. 


Now, thoug^h I have separated myself from Christina 
Church, but yet cannot at the right time this summer 
set out for Sweden to arrive in good time before winter, 
on account of my wife's condition, she being pregnant. 

I have concluded to remain till the next spring, and 
in the mean time not to lie entirely idle, but to serve for 
the general good. And as for a time the English Priest 
at New Castle, Mr. Jacob Henderson, by reason of his 
marriage down near Annapolis in Maryland, was neces- 
sitated to be often at that place, he agreed with me to 
attend to his church at New Castle in his absence, for 
which I should have half of his income, he now and 
then coming up to them, till he by transfer can remain 
at home, being dismissed from New Castle and another 
from England being appointed in his place. 

I therefore accepted his proposition and am to be with 
them eXrery Sunday and Friday, and whenever else my 
service is needed by them. 

A. D. I7i4> Januar>' 15th on Friday, Mons. Gustaff 
Hessellius came down from Philadelphia with a heap of 
letters for me and Magister Hessellius and Mr. Lidenius, 
which have come over with Capt. Richardson from the 
Highwortliy Bishop in Skara, Dr. Jesper Swedberg. 

The first to me was dated Bninsbo in Skara, August 
6th, 1713, which infonned me among other things that* 
the high worthy Bishop had written to the King for me 
to be appointed to the Old Copper Berget, and also that 
a school-master had been sent here from Skara with the 
promise of the Archbishop to procure for him a salary 
as soon as the King should come home. 

This schoolmaster came in the autumn and kept 
school in Wiccacoe congregation. His name is Heer 
Bohn and he is a quiet and capable person. 


The 2nd letter dated August 12th same year was in 
answer to mine of May 5th, 1713, in which the High 
worthy Bishop as he had learned that I was to remain 
here this year, had been pleased to confer upon me the 
honor to be Provost over these Swedish Churches for the 
time that I remain. 

The words run thus: — ''Your Honorworthy's two 
letters I received at the same time yesterday. The first 
was oi the same import as that received eight days 
before and was immediately answered. To God be 
everlasting praise for upholding you in health, and as 
I understand that Magister Andreas Hessellius has 
already entered upon his duties now in this May month, 
may God give much happiness and blessing in the name 
of Jesus. 

And as your worthiness for the present year does not 
come therefrom, I will therefore herewith request that 
your Honorworthiness will not uphold your hand from 
the congregations. And so that all may proceed in an 
orderly manner and that your Honorworthiness may 
have more abundant opportunity thereto, I make and 
order vour Honorworthiness herewith to be Provost 
over the Swedish churches which are there in India, 
with the sincere wish that God will pour grace and 
blessing as heretofore so hereafter; I shall look to have 
proper statements of various matters, and for myself 
shall not fail to take care for your best interests both 
in general and particular. 

May God help us to peace and our gracious King 
home again, and Herr Provost when you write home 
again write in such a manner that I can show the letters 
to the King and Royal Council. There has not yet 
come any answe with regard to the Stor Kopperberg {a) 
for no letter has been received from our King. All is 

a. Great copper mine, used instead of Fahlun where it is stiuated. 


uncertainty and what one Post tells for truth the 
next upsets. He mentions that he has written to Magis- 
t'er Hesseliius to be contented if it should not be just so 
here in everything^ as they would have it at once, for 
tribulation has not taken itself off either with Priest or 
people, for in Sweden also many churches have their 
hardships. To the others I heg; the Herr Provost to 
present my humble greetings, etc., etc., and also to the 
Christly Swedish congregations collectively, with the 
sincere wish that God will grant them all spiritural and 
temporal blessings to their everlasting happiness. If I 
get good prayers for myself in return, I am richly paid' 
for all my trouble and efforts. 

God help and bless you all in Jesus* name. 

I remain your Honorworthv 
Sir Provost's Obedient servant and 

True Friend 
Jesper Swedbkrg. 
Bninsbo, August 12th, 1713. 

P. S. — I now write to the Bishop in London and 
thank him for the favors shown you in that country, and 
ask him to continue his goodness. 

Now in what concerned the worthy Bishop's appoint- 
ment of me as Provost, and to superintend business, 
among us Swedish ministers, I thought I should keep it 
to myself, but asMagister Hesseliius had the same in his 
letter and came to congratulate me therefor, I then 
spoke my mind thereupon and said that notwithstand- 
ing, with due respect I appreciate the high honor never- 
theless I shall not exercise the office, because the time 
is now short and my thoughts only to hurry home, none 
the less shall be ready to whatever falls in my way 
that tends to advance the good^of the churches, and as. 
in duty bound will do them any service that I can. 


The 3^d letter dated the 28th of same month and 
same year, had the following contents: ^ 

Honorworthy Sir Provost and 
Church Pastor. 

Notwithstanding I have within a short time written 
several letters to your Honorworthiness, yet I am now 
induced to write and announce the happy tidings that 
his Royal Majesty has upon my humble representation 
favored you with Fahlun's Pastorate, for which the 
Royal commission has come written at Tamerlask near 
Adrianople, June 23rd, 171 3. So does God cate for and 
reward his own. Now in the Lord's name make haste 
home — the sooner the better — and faithfuUv labor in 
the vineyard, where the Ixjrd's will and my wish sends 

Thank God for the lawful and regular call and expect 
there every possible blessing from God. I am especially 
glad therefor because it is my birth-place. 

His Royal Majesty has also on my humble represen- 
taticn promised a bell and organ and 600 Psalm books, 
and pay for a school-master. God be eternally glorified 
and His name be praised. 

You must soon write to his Majesty a humble thanks- 
giving letter though short. 

We have now again good tidings of his Majesty, and 
that he will soon come out of Turkey into Christendom 
and into his own realm. 

Magister Tillag the late Provost Eckman's son-in-law 
had the call oi the congregation and the rescript of the 
Royal Council for himself. May God reward and comfort 
you and stir up your fellow laborers to like diligence. 

If you del^y after the first of May, let me know if I 
may correspond with the Consistory for a Priest, to carry 


on the service till your Honorworthiness shall come 
yourself. • 

Salute all your fellow laborers from me and beseech 
them to be diligent in labor and to pull together. I shall 
gladly embrace every opportunity to promote their good. 

I have written and thanked the Bishop in London 
and requested him to continue in his good offices and 
favor to the Swedish Churches out there. 

I also cordially salute your congregations. May God 
sustain and bless you all together in Jesus' name. 

How is it? Cannot there be any heathen converted? 

Good faith, good living will do much, and faithful 

Logomachy questions and scholastic subtleties are 
good for nothing. 

I have also newl-y written to all your colleagues. May 
they be faithfully directed by God. 

I constantly remain his 
Brunsbo, August 2Sth, 1713; the Herr Provost's most 
which was my birthday, willing and ready 

sixty years ago. To God be for service Servant and 

praise for mot och med. faithful friend 

(Trials and blessings.) Jesperus Swedberg. 

The 4th and last letter of the i8th of September of the 
same year is a short compend of the former with the 
addition. It is said that Stanislaus is coming into 
Poland with 70,000 Turks, and our King with 
him with the P. S. that we must not by any means 
give Quakers, Calvinists and Heathen cause or occasion 
to speak ill of our teaching, which you in former years 
have frequently been reminded of, and to he in unity 
with the English Church. 


However much I was intending to go over in the 
Spring, yet now I was especially encouraged and enliv- 
ened by such an unepcpected and overjoying letter to 
hasten so much the more and stout heartedly. 

So I let the church here and at Wiccacoe and those on 
the other side all together understand that for their 
sakes I would remain a little longer, that they with so 
good opportunity might now show some sign of thank- 
fulness through me towards Sweden, especially as I 
through God's favor am the first Priest to return back 
again after such innumerable favors from home by send- 
ing over Priests and books for these many years, so that 
then I can speak in their favor with much more bold- 
ness, when I have the favor and honor to present myself 
there before a so pious King and so gracious authorities. 

And that the collection be made f)y Easter, the last 
of March or the first of April, for it is my intention to 
go away in April. 

This was furthered by Magister Hessellius through a 
beautiful and discreet writing by him thereon read to 
the congregation here at Christina, the copy of which 
reads as follows: 

As it now through God^s all- wise providence and 
gracious pleasure has proceeded so far that His Royal 
Majesty of Sweden has not only sometime since called 
home his High worthiness Herr Magister Ericus Biork 
who has been for a long time this Church's faithful, 
zealous and well deserving pastor and soul-watcher, but 
now furthermore by open commission graciously called 
him to be provost and church pastor in the important 
and widely celebrated city of Fahlun, at the great cop- 
per mines in Sweden, whereto may God his all clement 

blessings bestow. 


And as this Christly congregation is generally 
informed that the well-born, his Highworthiness Hen* 
Provost, with his whole honorable family are now in the 
Ix)rd's name intending after some few weeks, speedily 
to depart from here by ship to their Father's country to 
enter upon the high charge committed to him by God 
and the King, it becomes now the high duty and obliga- 
tion of us all not only to come before God with faithful 
prayers for a so dear and true teacher whom God for so 
many years has graciously blessed and continued in his 
Church for a sure pledge of his great grace in planting 
and sustaining Christianity in a land lying so far from 
Christendom, and has sustained him through great 
labors and hardships, but each one for himself, all in 
common and each one in particular, without demur or 
further delay to the extent of his ability, contribute not 
only what may promote and be necessary for the journey 
of the Herr Provost but also as each one can easily 
make out new skins, peltry and other goods which 
here in this country are very common but for the sake 
of the distance and strangeness of the country be 
reckoned rare and curious in Sweden. This also would 
be a humble acknowledgment to God for his unspeakable 
grace and a humble token of admiration of our dear 
Sweden's King whom the All Powerful God has been 
pleased to use as his holy instrument to advance the 
Kingdom of Christ also here and as a sign of an upright 
love toward their faithful soulcarers. 

It is however to be presumed, that none of the mem- 
bers of this church will indulge the foolish thought or 
be simple enough to believe, that any in Sweden and 
the less the high parties intended in this place, should 
for their profit or advantage desire this land's waries for 
in that land far more costly things in greater abundance 
are found as well as the common and small. 


But you are to consider that somethingthough of little 
value and very common here presented to them 
would nevertheless be received afid accepted by them 
with satisfaction and pleasure so that a kindness so cheap 
here with us will be fully appreciated and acknowledged. 
So much and more are all bound to remember everyone 
I say so that through uhthankfulness no one may bring 
God's disfavor upon himself Each one who will not, 
will with coldness and indifference tend to uproot our 
great benefits from Sweden, for we can recompense in 
no other way but by love and good-will towards the 
faithful people of Sweden and His Majesty's subjects 
who come here to devote their time to God's glory and 
the salvation of souls. And these benefits and kindnesses 
you may have further good hope of, when you send 
home in this manner this your former soul's shepherd 
so that he may be able to advance your interests before 
the high parties concerned in Sweden, with the best of 
recommendations and that this may be accomplished, 
may we all earnestly ask the All Merciful God. 

Thereupon Mr. Springer, who from the beginning, 
afterwards all through and so likewise now at the end 
of my being here has always been the first to set for- 
ward what he understood to be for God's glory and the 
church's. best good and also with him a no less faith- 
full and willing member of our congregation from the 
time that he first began to understand our language so that 
he could have the benefit of our Swedish Divine service 
(for he was an Englishman, but married among us) 
namely, Edward Robinson. Thereupon these two I 
say took the trouble early in March to go from house to 
house and exhort and persuade the people to now show 
a free heart for their own honor when it shall be re- 
ported at home, and they there get to know what each 



one has done in this business. I heard nothing to 
the contrary but that all were glad of such an opportun- 
ity to finally accomplish something for me, and promised 
to do their highest duty each one according to his 
ability. Mr. Sandall also moved in the business in the 
upper congregation, and Mr. Springer wished to go on 
the other side of the river, but it was very diflScult; so 
Mr. Lidenius took hold and was unwearied, and did 
his best to set before the people the whole matter. 

This year 1714, April 26, a Monday, there came up 
here to me, Lucus Stedham, Peter Mounsson, Edward 
Robinson and Matz Petersson of the Church Council, 
and talked with me about the old accounts, what is 
backstanding, and of the agreements and indebtedness. 
I answered them that it all stands set down in the 
church book and was published some Sundays before it 
was written in when they all should have come and heard 
the upreading, and so have righted anything contained in 
the church book, or seen if anything was left out 
which should have been inserted. But that I had heard 
of nothing missed, only if I now remembered right 
a day's work of Gabriel Petersson which was righted,but 
otherwise the whole stood in this reckoning which I 
read up to them. 

I showed them receipts over the whole time of the 
building of the church, and thereupon all was at least 
all clean in writing in the church book. 

Peter Mounson wished that I would give notice and 
opportunity for any who may think himself not righted 
to come and have it done now while I am still here, and 
I willingly consented to that. 

Peter Mounson then began to talk of what was brought 
forward in my general meeting of the past year, which 



was that no more should be paid to John Hanson Stell- 
man than was in my hands, for he said John Hanson 
was with him at one time and threatened angrily that 
he should not rely on me when I should be away, but 
would depend upon others of the Church Council to get 
his own. I answered that he need not fear, for John 
Hanson has no proper bond, but simply an acknowledg- 
ment that there was ;^220. owing him, but which is 
balanced by the account of payments made at sundry 
times as the statement will show. 

A true and just account of what Capt. John Hance 
Stellman has at several times had of me in payment of 
the j£220 which was borrowed of him when the church 
at Christina was building as follows: 


Discounted Mr. Stellman's subscription to the 
1699. To paid Pieter Stalcop, 
July 13th. To Several Books, 

Wampum several times, 
Freight of 4 Casks of Rum delivered 
at Christeen, 
To Alexander the Millwright, 
** A Black Stone Horse, 

•• 13th. 
Oct. 4th. 

1 1 


Nov. 3rd. 

•♦ 20th. 

April 4th. 
May 6th. 
•• 20th. 

Aug. 1 8th. 

Sept. 5th. 

" 30th. 

Oct. 2nd. 


Nov. 3rd. 

Dec. 6th. 

< i 

< I 



( I 


1 1 

John Anderson Cock, 

Paid Reg^er Von Culen's widow, 

James La Fost per order a^d in 

presence of Capt. Stellman, 
Charles Springer, 
John Anderson Gioding, 
John Anderson Gioding, 
Alexander the Millwright, 
John Anderson Gioding, 
Alexander the Millwright, 
Mr. Stellman himself, * 























£ s. d. 
Jan. loth. •' John Anderson Gioding, i o o 

** 1 2th. •• Pietter Stalcop, 450 

April 20th. ** Several books bonnd in this country, 3 15 o 
May «8. To Peter Yocomb, i o o 

June 2. To J. Hmoe himself. 500 

June 9. To Peter Yocomb, i 5 o 

May 2. To Peter Yocomb, 600 

May 2. To Pietter Jacquette, 14 o 

N. B — From the year 1702 in the fall, to the year 1703 in the 
fall, there was nothing paid, because the money was stopped and 
attached in behalf of Matthias De Poss. 


Aug. 7th. To Matthias De Foss, 

Sept. 15th. To Christian Vinson, 

Oct. 30th. To Nicolass Quest, 

1704, Nov. 6th. To Wholle Thomas's widow, 

1705, Oct. 15th. To Robert Hayes, 

1706, Aug. 9th.' To Henry Snicker, 
1705. J tine 19th. To Henry Boone, 

1707, To paid Mr. James Couts per order, 

Nov. 30th. To paid Mr. James Couts upon attach- 
ment, 40 

Nov. 30th. To paid the widow Sarah De Foss on 

attachment, 43 

Nov. 30th. To paid Sarah De Foss on Stellmans 

account, 6 














246 5 5 
A true and just account, as witness my hand this 26th June, 

1714. EricusBiork. 

Memorandum, That Simon Johnson at Elk River, paid to John 
Hanson four pounds on Mr. Biork's account, which must be 
added to this account. 

I underwritten, do hereby make known and acknowledge that 


I and John Hance Stellman have never made up our accounts 
nor settled them, although he has by me and others of the 
Churchwardens often been thereunto required, I do also acknowl- 
edge that I have given the said Stellman a note from under my 
hand and seal for 220j£ in the year 1705, but it is sincerely to be 
understood as by the above account appears, that the principal is 
paid and the greatest part of the interest, for several years the 
money was attached, and for that time there is no reason that he 
should lawfully demand interest. 

Moreover, the reason that I gave him my note for the above 
sum was, I gave it at his earnest request, he thinking there- 
by he should be discharged from the action that was com- 
menced against him by Col. John Evans, who then was Governor, 
for taking unlawful interest 10 per cent. Thinking that therein 
I could do Mr. Stellman a kindness without my own damage, 
and because he had been kind to us to lend us this money, I 
therefore could not deny him my note for the 220;£, as witness 
my hand and seal this 26th day of June, 17 14. 

Ericus Biork. 

Thus I have as well as possible set down what has 
happened from the first day I came into this place till 
now my last, for the information of those who shall 
come after me and it is to be hoped that what is written 
of the congregation and myself, may not seem strange 
and that no unfair representation has been made, for 
nothing has been written to fault the congregation, for 
the oiganization was comparatively new, and it could 
not be expected that everything should have gone so 
straight forward and so right as in other much older 

The place in which we live and the times, customs 
and conditions, being under Quakers, etc., rendered it 
necessary to proceed in a different manner fhan if we 
could have help from any government or court. 


We could not accomplish everything as we wished, 
and what we have done some years ago might now per- 
haps be more wisely arranged, and what is now being 
arranged may be done better some years hereafter. 

Whoever therefore reads or hears this will please to re- 
flect that nothing can be so wisely and prudently done 
that might not afterwards be done otherwise. 

All beginnings generally have difficulties about them 
which if they are not by patience and perseverance 
overcome, can never go forward and much less come to a 
successful end. 

I have never been so overcome by any obstacle that I 
did not always rejoice in it as a trial of my calling, and 
felt that it was a partaking with others in difficulties 
and trials, however little. In short let all who read, 
interpret all for the best and as time and circumstances 
will allow improve what can be improved, and so 
may he receive the same charity from his successors, as 
1 now ask of those who come after me. ^^Homo sum 
humani a me nikil putoV And I assure the friendly 
reader that nothing knowingly has been done wrong. 

So then 

{(i) May the Lord God grant to his Christina Church, 

There should never fail those who worship in the spirit 
and the truth, 

And give grace to the shepherds to so watch the flock. 

That they with thy sheep may meet in Heaven. 

My God, I thank Thee for all grace received the sixteen 
years in course that I have served thee here; 

Herefrom, now called home and with Fahlun honored. 

O me unworthy dust, far more than I thought to be 

Of God's and the *King's favor and our *Bishop's 

*Kinsr Charles XII, *Dr. Swedberg Bishop of Skara. 
a. This is in sense in the original. 


Whose care for souls here is written in the work 

My God, what is well done is thine, but mine, what is 

In faith it written, is in faith my name is written last. 

Ericus Biork. 

Christina, June 29th 1714. The day that I started on 
my long^ journey from here out to Sweden, with my dear 
wife Christina Peter Stalcop's daughter, and my 
children, Tobias, Magdalena, Catharina, Christina and 
Maria, with my brother-in-law, John Cornelius Van de 
Ver and his wife Maria, Peter Stalcop's daughter, and 
a fatherless child, Anna, Lylof Stidham's daughter, who 
had lived with me from infancy. 

Note a.— Tobias was the author of a work, Dissertatio Gradualia de Plan- 
tatione, Bcc. Suec. in America and signs himself Tobias Eric Biorck, 
Americano Delcarlus i. e., an American of Dalecarlia. 

b.— Mr. Biork entered immediately on the pastorate of the chtifch in the 
City of Pahlun, in Dalcarlia, where he died in 1740. 









By His Royal Majesty's Present Royal Council be it 
known : 

That as liis Royal Majesty our Most Gracious King 
by his open letter, dated Head Quarters Smorgonia, in 
Lilhuania, the 21st February, 1708, has most graciously 
made known to the Swedish congregations in India, 
His High Royal care for them as well in general as in 
particular, with order to the proper authorities to send 
over to them ten copies in folio regalii of the Bible and 
a number of Swedish psalm books, and also to procure 
some good soulcarers to be sent by His Royal Majesty in 
place of the returning teacher of God*s Word Ericus 
Biork, and he had appointed a very proper and capable 
man named Andreas Haquinius and with him an assist- 
ant in the ministry of the word, and he having been 
prevented by death here at home while preparing for, 
his journey, and we considering it necessary — and the 
sooner the better — to carr}' out His Royal Majesty's 
Christly and Godly intentions for the spiritual care and 
prosperity of the said congregations to cheer them and 
provide for them good and eflScient Priests. Therefore 
we in the absence of His Majesty far away, and in his 
great name in accordance with his Majesty's graciously 
given instructions, now after the departure of Mr. Ha- 
quiniaus have chosen and appointed His Royal Majesty's 
subject Magister Andreas Hessellius of whose learning, 
piety, discretion, grave manners and good gifts we have 
knowledge to be a priest in the Swedish Congregation 
in India in place of Ericus Biork. And we have also 
ordered the Priestman Mr. Abram Lidenius to be his 
assistant in teaching and preaching the Word, and any 
service necessary in the congregation. We also send 
over ten vols, of the Bible in folio regalii and three 


hundred Swedish psalm books to be distributed kmong 
the members of the congregations, and we doubt not that 
these two ministers sent out will do everything in their 
power to give a satisfactory and edifying service in the 
Church, and they may be assured of the continued favor 
and good will of His Royal Majesty as he has most 
graciously declared to them in his Royal letter dated 
Februar>' 21st, 1708, the original of which is annexed. 

HAnd to conclude; we respectfully suggest, that in all 
things possible you endeavor to retain the favor of the 
English Court and the good will of Wm Penn the pro- 
prietor, we being especially moved to this on account of 
the fact that he has made complaint to our Royal Min- 
ister resident in London, Count Gyllenborg, about some 
small neglect toward him, Mr. Penn being Governor 
over the country, which complaint in case it shall be 
• found well grounded, can easily and willingly be cor- 
rected in the future to his satisfaction and the good and 
convenience of yourselves. 

And we commend both churches in common, and 
each in particular, to God*s most gracious protection 
and care. 

For greater surety we have signed this with our own 
hands and confirmed it with the seal of His ' Royal 

Given at Stockholm, the 23d of June, 1711. [l. s.] 

F. Wrede, G. Falkenberg, C. D. G. Fralik, N. 

Stromberg, Knut Posse, Arved Ho|in, J. Spens, 

A. Leyonstedt 
To the Swedish Churches in the West Indies. 


^. Letter of Bishop Swedberg. 

To the Christly Swedish Churches in the West Indies 
and Pennsylvania 

With the desire that the grace, peace and blessing of 
God Almighty be with them through our Lord Jesus 

So does God show to you his grace my beloved 
brothers and sisters in Christ, to you though far sepa- 
rated from us, that now through my efforts youlreceive 
more of God's word and Godly books, and also two 
learned, mild and God-fearing Priest men of whom 
their commission, letters and testimonials will fully 

I cannot doubt that God's grace and the King's earn- 
est desire and care for your spiritual welfare will be 
cause of great gladness to you, when you get to know of 
it. Wherefore the Christly congregation has especial 
reason to praise God for his goodness, and acknowledge 
His Royal Majesty's favor, and also by their acts and 
christian walk, daily being obedient and submissive to 
God, so that he shall be pleased now and henceforth to 
grant them abundant grace to their eternal salvation 
and it will be great joy to me to hear that these priest- 
men are heartily welcomed. 

And I am pursuaded that they as good priests will be 
faithful in their teaching and serv^ice and give good sat- 

And so long as God shall spare me life it shall be my 
greatest pleasure to be able to do you all necessary ser- 
vice, if I only am informed of your needs and circum- 


I was the means of the sending your faithful soul- 
carer, the Honorworthy Mr. Ericus Biork, who by his 
faithful labors and earnest zeal has been of great and 
highly satisfactory service to the congregation, and he 
will have a suitable reward and recognition here in 
Sweden when God shall help him home. 

Obey now these servants of the Lord sent out to you, 
who will in accordance with their office and trust be 
ready for all needed service for the church with good 
will and love. 

Honor and treat them as messengers of our Lord, and 
so will God bless and reward you in body and soul. 
Fear God with a pure^ heart. Hold firmly to your 
Saviour, Jesus Christ, and he will never fail you if you 
trust in his promises. Live in brotherly unity and love 
with each other that Satan may not sow tares and dis- 
cord among you. 

I say with the Apostle Peter, I exhort you as strangers 
and (a) miserable (who are far from your country) ab- 
stain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul, 
and walk circumspectly among the heathen, so that 
they who are accustomed to speak of you as evil doers, 
may see your good works and glorify God when (d) it 
comes to the light of day. Submit yourself to every 
ordinance of man for the Lord's sake, whether it be to 
the King as Supreme or unto governors as unto them 
that are sent by Him for the punishment of evil doers, 
and the praise of them that do well. For so is the will 
of God, that by well doing, ye may put to silence the ig- 
norance of foolish men. As free, yet not using your 

a. The Bishop foUows the old version. 

b. This is a correct quotation from the old version but their new has in 
the day of visitation like ours. 


liberty as a cloak of maliciousness, but as God's ser- 
vants . Honor all, love the brotherhood, fear God ; honor 
the King, ist Peter, 2d, irth, &c. 

God keep you altogether from all evil. God bless and 
increase you all in all good. God bless you more and more, 
you and your children. Ye are the blessed of the Lord 
who hath made heaven and earth. 

What more may be necessary to teach, exhort, remind 
and set in order, your priestman will rightly attend to 
the blessing and grace of God, the powerful and mild 
presence of Jesus Christ, and the comfort of the Holy 
Ghost fill your soul, spirit and heart, and may we all 
meet in heaven at last with mutual love and joy among 
the angels of God, and praise God and the Lamb and 
converse with each other to the ultimate enjoyment of 
of all desires. 

Your Faithful Servant and Advocate 
Brunsbo, Bishops Gard Jesperus Swedberg, 

at Skara, Sept. 7th, 171 1. Bishop in Skara. 

May 30th, 1 71 3. — A meeting of the congregation of 
Holy Trinity Church at Christina, was held in the 
priest house on the old land, and they were present from 
both sides of the river. 

The Priests present were Magister Andreas Hesselius 
and Mr. Abraham Lidenius and the following matters 
were brought forward and acted upon. 

First there was a faithful and earnest prayer to God for 
his blessing on whatever was before us. 

Then the Priests stated and urged the necessity of the 
congregation remaining in concord and good order, not 
only in church matters and public worship, but also in 
christian life and character, and that their children 


should be properly brought up and instructed in their 
own homes. 

And as regards the former there is no more expedient 
means to be found, next to the preaching of God's pure 
and sanctifying word and a right use of the sacraments, 
and strictly following the doctrines and teachings of the 
catechism, than a strict attention to the system of church 
discipline which his Royal Majesty's Highness of Sweden 
promulgated, and which he presented to this church 
which was adopted by it and approved by them, but 
owing to the situation of the country and its circum- 
stances as to government and secular affairs, should be 
applied only to religious and spiritual matters. 

The ministers also said that in accordance with their 
Priestly oath which was at the same time read and 
explained to the congregation, they would not deviate 
underxany pretext from this good order and regulation, 
and that they would not only insist upon a strict con- 
formity to their oaths by their comrades, but would 
hold the congregation itself in its members to a good 
and proper church discipline, whereby we glorify God 
and save the souls of men. 

And it is moreover in accordance with our duty to 
our gracious sovereignty in this part of the world, to so 
orderly conduct ourselves in as much as this church 
discipline will in no way prejudice the government of 
this country, and the Priests themselves who are sent 
here as faithful Swedish by His Royal Majesty in 
Sweden, are assured of the gracious permission and free 
license of her Majesty the Queen, of Great Britain, to 
teach and enjoy the Christian Lutheran religion in this 
country, and so long as God and the authorities ordain 
and decide that we shall remain in the country belong- 
ing to the Crown of Great Britain, we will bind our- 



selves in all humble respect and veneration to her 
Majesty the Queen of Great Britain, being indebted to 
her the same as her own subjects are. 

These matters having been presented and hilly 
approved by the congregation, the Priests mentioned 
and called the attention of the congregation to some 
particular articles of the church ordinances or canons, 

ist. To be always all present when the general con- 
fession for sin is read, Chapter 2nd of the Canon, 
Section 5th, verse 2nd. 

2nd. To present children at an early age for baptism, 
Chapter 3rd, Section 2nd, verse 3rd. 

3rd. Concerning the witnesses at the baptism of 
children — what ought to be the qualification of those 
who are asked to serve in that capacity, and that they 
should be previously made known to the pastors. 
Chapter 3rd, Section 5th, verse 4th. 

4th. To frequently celebrate the Lord^s Supper, 
Chapter nth. Section 2nd, verse 4th. 

5th. Regulating espousals and marriages — that they 
are not allowable according to church law before mature 
age, and not without consent of parents, and must be 
without compulsion or secrecy, and not before being 
well instnicted in Christian doctrines, Chapter 15th, 
Section 5-6-1011-12. 

rst. After all these things had been presented and 
explained in a suitable manner, the congregation 
assented to and adopted them as rules to guide them, 
and the pastors promised that at a proper time they 
would again read these and other important articles of 
the church discipline from the pulpit in church. 

2nd. In order that the above resolutions should be 
efficient, the pastors asked the congregation if they 


were willing to elect some persons who were suitable to 
serve as a Church Council, who should have with the 
pastors a consistorial authority with regard to the 
church discipline and Divine service, ^nd in the name 
of the whole church determine and decide all matters 
connected with our Christian community, to which the 
congregation unanimously consented. 

And after consultation it was concluded that twelve 
suitable members who were devoted to the interests of 
the church should be chosen, and the following good 
men were selected with their own consent and that of 
the congregation, of whom eaf h shall have one vote to 
two for each Priest man, that all of t1 em together may 
conduct the oflSces of the church in a perfect manner. 

From this side of the river: 

I. Mr. Carl Christopher Springer, 
2: '* Peter Mansson, 

3. ** Edward Robinson, 

4. *• Jonas Walraven, 

5. ** Matthias Peterson, 

6. '* Jean Anderson Gioding, 

7. '* Lucas Stedham. 

From the other side of the river: 

8. Mr. Jacob Van de Ver, 

9. *' Jacob Hindersson, 

10. *' Lucas Petersson, 

II. ** George Litien, 
12. *' Jean Vanneman. 

3d. With regard to the support of the Priest, the con- 
gregation said that they in proportion to their ability 
wl)uld provide not only for their lodging and maintain- 
ance but would provide all necessar>' household furni- 
ture, servants and small animals. 


And that they will also clean, till and plow the land 
for them, and that they would give them also a stated 
salary for their service. The salary had been considered 
at the last meeting, but no decision was come to on 
account of want of unanimity and agreement of the 
members upon the subject, wherefore it was now resolved 
to leave the matter to the Churchwardens, who were to 
conclude upon the salary as soon as possible, and to facili- 
tate the business two Churchwardens on the other side 
of the river were chosen, viz: Oloff Van Naeman, and 
Timothy Stedham for that part of the congregation. 

4th. The pastors offerefj their services to the congre- 
gation in visiting their homes, teaching and catechising 
their children, provided they would send a horse for 
them, as it would be impossible to visit families so scat- 
tered and distiant on foot, to which Mr. Edward Robin- 
son answered that he would as soon as possible provide 
a horse to be used for that service. 

5th. That part of the congregation living on the 
other side of the river, asked if it could not be so 
arranged that one of the Priests could take up his per- 
manent abode with them, to which the Priests replied 
that they very willingly would, agreeably to their duty 
and calling, be at their service so far as they should be 
supplied with necessary support and means of living, 
and in answer, that part of the congregation promised to 
show proof by paying for services thus far performed with 
further promise of payment for the incoming yean 

After all had been done and concluded, the assembly 
earnestly hoped that all had been done to the Glory lof 
Good, and the good of the church, and therefore after a 
loving good-bye, we separated. 

I ■ 


That all was at the above named g^eneral meeting, 
done and assented to, we the underwritten Church 
Council are witness to on the part of the congregation. 
Charles Springer, Peter Petersson, 

His His 

Peter P. Mansson, Lucas D Stedham, 

Mark. Mark. 

Edward E. Robinson, Jacob Van de Ver, 
Jonas M. Walraven, Jacob Hindriksson, 
Matthias Petersson, George Litien, 
John Gioding. 

A. D. 1713, June 7th. So many of the Church Coun- 
cil as were present, were called together after the close 
of Divine service and before them 

ist. Was read the before mentioned, and it was ap- 

2nd. Church warden Eric Ericksson on Cranehook 
was directed to visit all those ot the congregation who 
have not contributed toward the support of the Priests, 
before the next meeting of the members that they may 
without delay, be forward to do their part toward the 
support of Divine service according to the determina- 
tion of the last church meeting, which the Church 
warden pwromised to attend to. 

3rd. The Priests propose that the improper custom of 
laying money on the cloth at the administration of the 
Lord's Supper be discontinued, which proposition on 
account of the good reasons alleged, was unanimously 

4th. The Church Council were instructed to notify 
their neighbors during the coming weeek to clear, pre- 
pare and fence the Priest land, which they promised. 

A. D., 1713, June 24. There was a meeting of the 
congregation at the parsonage house, on the Old Land, 
at which the following business was transacted: 

ist. The Protocol of the last meeting with the attesting 


signatures of the present Church Council affixed, acting 
for the congregation, was read. 

2nd. Elected Churchwardens, viz: William Van de 
Ver and Jacob Van de Ver by unanimous consent 

3rd. The Priests offered their service to keep the 
church accounts, provided the Churchwardens shall 
receive and take care of them without further trouble to 

4th. The congregation assembled, resolved that the 
church money shall be deposited in the chest given to 
the church by Christian Joransson for that purpose, 
which should always stand in the church, the Church- 
wardens keeping the key of the same, so that whenever 
any of the members of the congregation want to make 
change in payment, it can be made to them by the 
Churchwardens in the church, and thus all mistakes 
and misunderstandings be obviated. This was agreed 
CO and so done. 

5th. It was resolved that when it was necessar>' to 
pay out any money for church expenses, the Church 
Council shall consider the case, and the Churchwardens 
shall then give out the money according to their 

6th. It was proposed with regard to the regular salary 
of the Priests, that there should be a certainty, where- 
upon it was resolved that the Churchwardens should 
take care for it, but as regards the present year's salary, 
Mr. Springer promised to bring it to a certain and just 

7th. Philip Van de Ver resigned as bell ringer, and 
in his place James Stedham was chosen with the assur- 
ance of the congregation that he should have the same 
pay as the former bell-ringer. 


8th. OloflF Von Neeman, the Churchwarden from the 
other side of the river, came and presented a list of 
hearers on the other side, who were willing to subscribe 
for the support of a Priest who should live with them 
the whole year round. The amount of subscription was 
twenty pounds old currency, exclusive of board, and the 
proposition was referred by the Priests to the congrega- 
tion for their decision, and they decided that such an 
allowance was not a reasonable one, because a Priest 
man should be considered of more value than an 
ordinary hired man of ordinary work, who can at this 
time get a like sum for his yearly wages. 

Thereupon Capt. Jacobus Van de Ver and Church- 
warden Olotf Von Neeman who were the only ones 
present from the other side, said that they would bring 
the hearers on their side of the river to a reasonable 
determination. And after all this through aniseful dis- 
cussion, and in love and friendship was concluded, the 
whole meeting separated each to his home with an 
aflFectionate farewell to the pastors. 

*July 5th. After the close of Divine service the last 
minutes were read to those of the Church Council who 
were present and by them approved. 

July 19th. The Church Council was called together 
after the close of Divine service. 

ist. To present the occasion of the coming ministers 

meeting here at Christina, viz; to cherish and maintain 

' cbristian unity betwixt * the English and Swedish 

churches with brotherly confidence betwixt the teachers 

of both, which the Council thought well of. 

2nd. The Priests announced the conclusion of His 
Honorworthiness' Mr. Lidenius to journey home to 
Sweden again for lack of support, of which lack how- 


ever both Priests are sharers, and so will the congrega- 
tion have less to answer for before God if they fail to 
properly support one Priest than if two should suffer 

But to this the Church Council would not consent and 
said the Priests must be patient still longer and wait for 
the decided and authoratative opinion thereon of the 

3d. Mr. Springer complained that evil reports against 
the church were circulated among the English, and it 
was answered that it ought to be inquired into, atid the 
falsehood of the slanderous reports be shown, and iti 
case anyone may be able to trace such by private inquiry 
and discourse, the best way would be to refute by word 
and protest, and never give strangers occasion or oppor- 
tunity to blame them. 

The Priests promised as much as in them lay to arrest 
further trouble. 

4th. Again it was inquired with regard to salaries of 
the Priests why a list had not been made up, theiefffT 
and presented, and Mr. Springer answered that on account 
of the present harvest time, he could not yet attend to it 
but promised that in a month he would have all made 
out in a right and proper manner. 

A. D. 1713, July 28th. Mr. Edward Robinson prom- 
ised in presence of some of the ChurchJCouncil a lick {a) 
spade for the church which promise he fulfilled April 
i2th, 1715. 

Mr. Gioding received from the church a copy of 
Hafenrefiferi's compendium in Swedish, for which he 
promised to pay five shillings old currency as soon as 

August 2nd, Mr. John Cock and Joran Andersson 
came before the Church Council as delegates from the 

a. For burials. 


Swedish families in St. Georges, with the request that 
the Priests might visit them and hold Divine service in 
their houses, to which the Priests as they understood 
that they were members of the church at Christina, 
replied that they would give them all the service 
accordant with their calling, so soon as their proper 
hearers can render their pastors able to journey to them. 

But if in the meantime thev should not be faithful 
to the church but should go after other teachers, the 
Priests will be excusable if they refuse them their ser- 
vices, which afterwards and at .another time will not be 
easily recovered. The deputies answered that they 
would do the best they could. 

2nd. The Priests inquired about the mass wine, 
where it should be obtained. 

Wm. Van de Ver said that it was customary to take 
as much from the church money each time as was needed 

The Priest thought that it would be more convenient 
to get as much as will be necessary on the credit of the 
church, and then at the end of the year pay for the 
whole at once, which was agreed to. 

August 1 6th, Mr. Springer gave in a list of the hearers 
in Christina congregation on this side the river with 
what they had promised toward the yearly salary of 
their soulcares^ amounting to 48;^, 9 shillings old 

This list was accepted^ by the pastors on the condition 
that for the present year it may be proved whether or 
not they can subsist upon it but if it should fall out 
otherwise they will not be bound to be satisfied with 
such small compensation without an increase. 

The Church Council thought this reasonable, and that 
there ought to be an increase and that the Priests ought 


to be generously supported, and promised them all 
necessary help for the cultivation of the land. 

As to what the other side would do they promised to 
ascertain and help them to, as soon as the hearers on that 
side shall perfect their list. 

3rd. The Council requested the Priests to take the 
money which has been collected from the first of May 
until this time, and therewith help themselves in their 
present strait as far as it will go, and they accepted 
the offer on condition that they would keep an account 
thereof, and so the congregation see to what necessities 
the said money is applied. 

4th. Mr. Gioding and Churchwarden Jacobus Van de 
Ver promised to visit those hearers who have not yet 
contributed anything toward the support of the pastors 
in order to bring them to reason by some means. 

5th. Mr. Hessellius promised to spare his colleague 
from this side the river, to the hearers on the other side, 
on condition that they once a month while the water 
is open, send for himself to do for them as his parishioners 
the proper services pertaining to the duty of a lawfully 
called Priest, which was considered reasonable. 

August 23d. The over river folk came with their 
list of hearers on that side with a statement of dues 
toward the salary of the pastors, amounting to 44 pounds 
old currency. 

September 13th. There was presented to the Church 
Council a bond of the amount of 3 pounds, 15 shillings 
given to Brigita Gilliamson by Peter Mayer, collectable 
by the customary demand the loth of November next 
coming, which bond she gave to the church and it was 

a. The Swedes to Uiis day use Uie term mass for the Lord's Sapper eren 
those who are Methodists. 


acknowledged by the Church Council and delivered 
to Churchwarden Jacob Van de Ver by Mr. Hessellns. 
1 7 14, January 17th. Paul Gustafsson was called before 
the Church Council and earnestly talked to on account 
of the unseasonable connection he has witl his be- 
trothed, and he was admonished that until the wedding 
takes place they must live apart, and in chastity, and 
in honesty wait the fulfilment of their marriage. 

Record op Marriages in Christina Congregation. 
In the Year of our I^ord 1713. 

I St. Martin Gustaffson and Britta Walraven married the i8th 
of October. 

2nd. Olof Mansson and Annika Tossawa married the loth 
of November. 

Record of Baptism of Chh,dren in Christina 
Congregation in the year 171 3, with 
Names op Parents and Sponsors. 

ist Zacharias Didriksson and wife Hellena's child Zacharias, 
baptized 25th of January, Sponsors, Cornelius Coineliisson. 
from the other side the river, Johan Peter Mansson, Peter Ja- 
quettes wife Mariah and the late Johan Van de Ver*s daughter 

2nd. Mons Gustafif and wife Catharina's, child, Christina 
baptized 8th March, Sponwrs, Jonas Walraven, Jesper Walraven, 
Johan Gustass's wife Britta and Britta Walraven. 

3rd. Gustass Kock and wife Anna's child Francina, bap- 
tized Aril 5th, Sponsors, Johan Gioding, Philip Van de Ver, Mrs. 
Annika Gioding, and Mrs. Anna Kock. 

4. Christian Joran and wife Elizabeth's, child Sophia, bom 
May 6th, baptized May 15th, Sponsors Peter Anderson, Edward 
Robinson, Seneca's widow and Peter Anderson's wife Magdalena. 

♦ 5. Stafifan Tossawa and wife Catharina's, child Anders bom 
March < St, baptized May 24. Sponsors James Anderson, Anders 
Stalcop, James Anderson's wife and Johan Gustaf s wife Brita. 


6. George Reed and wife Sara's, child Mary, born March 6th, 
baptized May 24th, Sponsor Jonas Walraven, Johan Skagen, 
Elizabeth Skagen and Mrs. Elibabeth Colesberg. 

8. Johan Hendrickson and wife Brita's. child Susanna, bom 
May 5th, tff^tized by Mr. Lidenius June 7th, Sponsors Pastor 
Magister Hessellius. Constantin, Mrs. Sara Hesselius and Maria 
Conrad's daughter. 

8. Robin Clood and wife Gertrude's child I^ydia, baptized Jane 
14, eight months old. Sponsors Peter Mansson, Lars Perssonfrom 
over the river, Margaretta Culen from Wicacoe congregation, and 
Maria Stedham. 

9. James Watkins child John, bom April 7th, baptized June 
2ist. Sponsors Lucas Stedpam, Lucasson. Timothy Lylofson Sted- 
ham, Mary Snecker and Conrad Constantine's daughter Mary. 

10. Rev. Eric Biork's child Maria, bom July 18, baptized July 
19, Sponsors the Pastor Magister Hessellius. the Rev. Abraham 
Lidenius, Johan Stalcop, Martin Gustafsson, William Van de 
Ver's wife, Mrs. Helena Canpony and Ingeborg Stedham. 

11. Olof Fransson's (from the other side,) child Peter, bom 
July 28th, baptized the same day by Mr. Lidenius, Sponsors 
Anders Hendricson, Anders Seneca, Mrs. Brita Dun ken and Mrs. 
Ingrid Peterson. 

12. Samuel Hall's child Elizabeth, born June 15th, baptized 
August 2nd, Sponsors Johan Hindricson, Joseph Hedge. Johan 
Hindricsson's wife Brita, Gustaf Rock's wife Anna. 

13. Robert Rekman's (other side of river,) child Thomas, bap- 
tized August 13th, five months old, Sponsors the Rev. Mr.Liden- 
ius, George Morris, Anna Gioding: and Anna Peterson. 

14. John Casparsson's (over the river), Anthony, baptized 6 
months old. Sponsors John Mink Olof Frantsson. Mary Carter 
and Catharina Ericsson from Chestnut Hook. 

15. John Farr's of Chester County, child Catharina, bom 
Febmary,i4th, baptized September 13. Sponsors Hans Petersson, 
Capt. Johan Von Calen, Rebecca Redly, Elizabeth Cadie. 

16. Olof Von Naeman's (over the river), child Elizabeth bap- 
tized by Mr. Lidenius. September 14. S;)onsorr, Jacob Van de Ver,* 
Gabriel Peterson, Mrs. Catharina Van de Ver, Virgin Elizabeth 
Van Neeman. 


17. Wm. Philpot's child Anna baptized by Mr. Lidenius, 

19. Cornelius Wallraven's (over the river), child Elizabeth, 
September 20,' Sponsors Johan Seneke, Jacob Savoy Ing^d 
Hindricksson, Margaretta Philpot. 

18. Anders Cock's, child September 15, baptized 
September 27, Sponsors Johan Hindricksson, Philip Van de Ver, 
Johan Hindresson's wife Brita and Hindri Hindersson's wife 
Judith. 19 Cornelius Walraven's child Elizabeth baptized 
by Mr. Lidenius. October 14, Sponsors, Matz Stark, Zackarias 
Bertetsson and his wife Sara, Garin Savoy. 

20. Henrin Wainam's (over the river, child), Anna, baptized by 
Mr. Lidenius, October 4, Sponsors, Anders Hindriesson, Anders 
Seneke. Ingrid Hindriesson, Johan Hindersson's wife Beata. 

21. Anders Johan (over the river), child, Margareta, baptized 
by Mr. Lidenius November i, Sponsors, Thomas Guilliamson, 
Hans Sher, Beata Hinderson, Catharina Guilliamson. 

22. Anders Seneke's, (over the river), child. Anders baptised 
by Mr. Lidenius November 17, Sponsors, Albert Bilterback, 
Johan Hindriesson, Jr., Ingrid Hindriesson, Catharina Vainam. 

23. Albert Bilterhouse (over the river), child, Daniel, baptized 
by Mr. Lidenius November 17, Sponsors, Anders Senekesson, 
Seneke Senekesoon, Anna Sher and Beata Hindersson. 

24. Johan Mink's (over river) child Johan, baptized by Mr. 
Lidenius, November 25, Sponsors Lucas Petersson, Johan Von 
Neeman, Anna Prantssen, Christina Franssen. 

Record of Communicants in Christina Congregation in 

THE Year 1713. 

May 23. Peter Anderson. Maslander 's wife Helekin, Maria 

May 31. Anders Mink Grelsson, Eric Ericsson and his wife 
Emma, Goran Eictken and his wife Kerstin, Old Mrs. Annika 
and her daughter Kerstin, Brita Clemens, Thomas John 's wife 

, Jtme 7. Jonas Walraven and his wife Annika with their 
daughter Brita. 

June 21. Johan Giodingand his wife Annika. 

July 5. Provost Erick Biork and his wife. Mans Gustafsson 
and his wife Catharine. 


July 19. Anders Gustafsson and his wife Brita. 

August 2. Elizabeth Von Neeman with her daughter Eliziibeth. 

Augpist 3. Pastor Hessellius and his wife Sar^ Mr. Lidenius, 
Brita Stalcop, Johan Von Culen, Kerstin Palsson, Maria Palsson. 

October 18. Peter Manssons wife Carin, Olof Mansson, Annika 

November i, Conrad Constantin and his wife Kerstin. 

November 8. Peter Canpony and his wife Helena. 

November 22. Provost Eric Biork and his wife, Pastor Magis- 
ter Hessellius and his wife Sara, Maria Stalcop. 

November 29. Judith Van de Ver in her sickness. 

December 2. Johan Cock in St. Georges in his sickness. 

December 25. Jacob Hinderson and his wife Maline, George 
Litien and his wife Kerstin, Jacob Van de Ver and his wife, 
Hans Peitterson and his wife Sara, Gabriel Peterson and his wife 
Kerstin, Hans Sher and his wife Anna, Henric Roisko, Christian 
Petersson, Olof Nilsson and his wife Margaretta, who all liveon 
the other side of the river, and were communicated by Mr. 

December 26. Johan Gustafsson and his wife Brita, Mans Gus- 
tafsson and his wire Catharina. Johan Van de Ver, Judith Van 
de Ver. 

Records ok Deaths in Christina Coxgreoation in 1713. 

I. Peter Canpony' s child Anders, buried the 5th of April. 
2' Matz Tosawa's child Maria, buried the 28th of July. 

3. Peter Classon's wife Dorothea, buried the 2 2d of September. 

4. Paul Paulson (in Crane hook Church yard) 25th of October. 

5. Gertrude Mink buried by Mr. Lidenius over the river, buried 
the 6th of November. 

7. Johan Cock of St. Georges, buried in his own garden on the 
15th December. 

1 7 14, June 24. A general meeting of the church was 
held at the Priest house on the Old Land, when the fol- 
lowing subjects were discussed and acted upon: 

ist. Eskill Johanson presented a bill on his and Henry 


Orkan's account which had been received from Provost 
Biork, for ii8 days, work done on the parsonage and 
bam, for which they had received only i;^, 13 shil, 6 
pence for Eskill, and 6 shillings for Henry. Eskill re- 
quested the congregation to pay them at once, as he had 
been for a long time waiting remuneration for his ser- 

It was resolved that as soon as Eskill and his comrade 
Henry shall present a clear bill of each piece of work 
they have done, they shall be paid according to the judg- 
ment of good men appointed to decide upon it, but they 
will not agree to pay them according to their account of 
day's work, for there is doubt if they have made up full 
day's work. 

2nd. William Van de Ver, rendered his account for 
the past year up to the present time, which was com- 
pared with the account of the Priests, as it stands below. 

3rd. Wm. Van de Ver resigned the office of warden 
and Johan Gustafsson was elected in his place to serve 
along with Jacob Van de Ver for this year. 

4th. Peter Petersson Canpony was elected to the 
Church Council in place of Johan Gioding, who both for 
his removal to Maryland, which he gave notice of, and 
for other reasons which the Church Council on consul- 
tation deemed sufficient, was put out of his office, which 
action was approved by the pastor after some discussion. 

5th. Samuel Stedham resigned as sexton, and Timo- 
theus LylofSvSon Stedham was chosen in his place, and he 
was admonished and charged to perform the duties of 
his office better than his predecessor had done. 

6th. The congregation was enquired of with regard to 
the Swedish boy Solomon Ahlmon what they knew about 
his in fancy and whether he had ever been baptized and 


Eric Ericsson, of Cranehook, and Regner Von Culen said 
that having been acquainted with his parents and guar- 
dians, they were certain that he had never been baptized 
and the boy also said the same of himself. Thereupon 
each one who might have the opportunity was requested 
to persuade his present employer to bring him for in- 
struction in christian doctrine so that as soon as practi- 
cable he may be admitted to the church by baptism. 

7th. The congregation were reminded of their free 
will offering of money to pay the expense of the journey 
home of the the Provost Mr. Biork to Sweden, and that 
they should immediately make the collection, for the 
time of his departure is near at hand. 

8th. The pastor proposed to the congregation the pur- 
chase of two tables from the Provost Biork, to reraain in 
the parsonage as an inventarium so that the present 
ministers as well as their successors may not have to go 
into the house without any table which they would 
deem very hard. 

Pastor Hessellins said in addition that he had for 
some time though of buying the tables for himself if he 
had received his salary for the year, but as this has not 
been paid except by a few, he left it to the congregation 
to decide. 

Thereupon Mr. Lucas Stedham and Mr. Edward 
Robinsson consulted about the matter and decided 
to assist the congregation in this way viz: they would 
pay the Provost for the tables and be repaid by con- 
tributions made for the purpose, paid in to the Church- 
wardens each one according to his share which was ap- 
proved, and was fulfilled when the (a) Herr Provost left 
the place. 

a, — No English word quite takes the place of Herr, but it means about 
what Mr. or Sir did two hundred years ago but they have lost their mean- 
ng and will not translate it. 


Income of the church from offerings in the church. £. s. p. 
and sundry gifts from June 28th, 17 13, to January 

25th, 1714 8 12 11% 

Expenses during the same time, ...... .2 3 5% 

Leaving Cash, 696 
1 7 14, June 29th. The g^reatest part of the congrega- 
tion on this side the river were present at the house 
of Herr Provost, Magister Biork, and took an affection- 
ate leave of him,, as their faithful old pastor, and heart- 
ily wished him and his family a prosperous journey, 
upon which they set out the same day when the well 
born Herr Provost, just before he started ordered that 
all his books left here both those at the parsonage- 
house and at John Stalcop's except those he had sold or 
freely given away should belong to the church and he 
commissioned Mr. Springer and Mr. Edward Robinsson 
to put upsomebook shelves for them. And he also Teft 
his own and his beloved wife's portraits. 

He also directed that the three old chairs left in the 
Priest house should remain as an inventarium. 

The same day Mr. Lucas Stedliam paid this Church's 
portion of the freight on the Bibles and Psalm books, 
which came over last, amounting to 37s. and 6d. new 
currency, which was received by his Honor worthiness 
Magister Sandall in the name ol the congregation at 
Wicacoe, as they had already paid the whole sum for 
the freight. 

As soon as the congregation proportionately pays up 
Mr. Stedliam is to be paid. 

When all this was finished the Herr Provost with jhis 
dear wife and children journed from this place toBohemia 
accompanied by all the Swedish Priests and the Elders 
of the congregation and several of the Wicacoe Church, 



and the next day they took final leave of him at 

1714, August 28th. A general parish meeting of the 
whole Christina congregation, from both sides of the 
river and from St Georges was held, when the following 
important business was brought forward and transacted. 

ist The pastors informed the congregation of the 
reason why they and the Church Council had called this 
meeting of the Church, viz: that as to all Christly unity 
and working together, there can be found no more effic- 
ient means than a determination to adhere to the regular 
ordering of the Church, and to serve the Chuach with 
earnest zeal, and each do his part faithfully, and that 
from their first entering upon their service here they 
had earnestly and dilii^ently labored, but a self-willed 
freedom and neglect of a common interest and effort for 
theMncrease and forwarding of the interests of a com- 
mon Christianity, have rendered an improvement almost 
impossible, yet through God's grace with all Christly 
prudence and circumspection there may be an improve- 
ment, and thereto next to God's powerful word have no 
better means been found to hold the Church in good 
order and in the performance of their duties, than the 
published Church Laws of His Swedish Majesty. But 
unfortunately we have seen but little or no improvement 
in many. Now therefore to bring about this most to be 
desired, and this far least accomplished end, the whole 
congregation is warned and exhorted. 

ist. To keep faithfully the Sabbath day and to faith- 
fully attend the services in the church, to by no means 
be promenading around the churchyard during Divine 
service, and when the confession is said to be all in the 

a Bohemim T^anding in Maryland was at that time the most important 
shipping point aoafh of New York. 


church and on bowed knee suplicate God to pardon their 

2nd. That parents should be careful to have their 
children brought early to baptism, and not as often 
happens, let their babes remain at home a whole or 
many months, yes, even a half year, notwithstanding 
they live so near the church or Priest's house, that 
they have no excuse, and also in good time to give in 
the names of sponsors to the Priest that he may judge 
of their fitness. 

3rd. To be faithful and constant in partaking of the 
Lord's Supper, and not excuse themselves therefrom by 
insufficient reasons as is the custom of some, and even 
the great part of those who hold themselves to be 
prominent members of the church. 

4th. That betrothals and marriages proceed in an 
orderly manner according to the ordinances of our 

5th. The Church Council were reminded of their duty 
to keep a watch and oversight, each one in his neighbor- 
hood, and note how the members live, whether Christly 
or not, in peace and unity, or otherwise, etc. And when 
they find any living otherwise, that they earnestly 
exhort and warn the erring, and when they find that 
insufficient, they must without any indulgence bring 
them before the Church Council and ministry, that they 
may be properly examined and be corrected according 
to the nature of the offence. 

6th. Christian Joransson and John Stalcop were elected 
a church watch to keep good order and propriety both 
within and without the church during God's service, 
they being instructed to use their utmost diligence that 
none should vvalk around in the churchyard during 


Divine service, nor sit and gossip in the houses which 
are near by the church, but humbly kneeling, say their 

And when the creed is sung and the text is read all 
must reverently stand, and no one go out of the church 
before the close of the service by the benediction, 
etc., etc. 

Whenever any one shall be cited before the Church 
Council, it shall be the duty of either of the designated 
church watchmen to arrest him and bring him forward 
and do whatever else lime and circumstances may render 
necessary and proper. 

7th. The congregation were reminded to be attentive, 
to have the music of the church performed in a proper, 
decent and devout manner, and that all who have 
received God's gift to be capable of singing with a 
pleasing voice, and with psalms to praise their God, 
ought by no means to neglect the gift and stand silent 
when one should lift his voice to God's glory. 

Also those who have not received the ^ift or have not 
yet learned to sing should by no means by their harsh 
and untrained voices make discord and be a hindrance 
to others, but either hear in silence or by low after-sing- 
ing, accustom themselves to the melodies and learn them 

8th. The old distribution of the pews was examined 
and those who have not yet obtained any certain place 
in the Church were promised that for a proper sum they 
should be put in possession of pews left by former own- 
ers, or for any cause shall hereafter be declared vacant, and 
the new owners may consider such pews as the property 
of themselves and their heirs, like any other possession, 
on the strength of such grant to them for their use. 



9th. The congregation were also reminded of Mr. 
Hessellius' back -standing salary for 1713, and that it 
ought at once to be paid in, and that they should no 
longer delay the fulfillment of their promises made for 
the support of their pastor, and that the obstinate will 
have to answer before God if they allow their promises 
to be roughly effaced. 

It was resolved that the Churchwardens according to 
the received list of arrearages should make the effort to 
collect in what remains back on the salary of the 

9th. As to the fencing of the Church-yard at the cost 
of Herr Provost Biork, the congregation todo the work, 
which was promised. 

loth. It was proposed to repair the Priest's house by 
covering it with clapboards, because in rainy weather 
particularly on the north and north-east sides it is almost 
impossible to find a place for a bed or table, or books to 
be kept dry in the parsonage library. 

The congregation promised thorough repairs and also 
a window in the south gable of the large cellar room. 

nth. It was impressed upon the congregation that 
they who have enjoyed the gift of His Royal Majesty of 
Sweden of invaluable Bibles and Psalm books and have 
not to this day either paid the freight for the over-sending 
of the books, nor shown any mark of thanksgiving to God 
by remembering our church according to their promise, 
have acted very unjustly and unreasonably. 

The parties concerned, after much discussion and 
expression of opinion, agreed that those who have re- 
ceived bibles should pay the whole freight on the books 
and the others none the less should remember God's 
house with a free will offering of thanksgiving for God's 
great grace bestowed upon them. 


In the same talk, opportunity was taken to infonn the 
assembly with regard to the distribution of the bibles, 
and that as they were so few and so costly they could not 
be dealt around to many families, Magister Hessellius 
with the advice and concurrence of Herr Provost Biork 
decided to give them out in those families that could best 
use them with the understanding that they should lend 
them to their neighbors whenever it seemed necessary, 
and best, bnt they must in that case without fail be re- 
turned to the house from which they were first lent out. 

1 2th. It was also said to the assembly that when on 
special occasions the services of the Priests were re- 
quired, such as publishing bans, betrothals, marriages, 
burying the dead, and such like extraordinary service, 
they should not be so ungrateful as to burden them, 
without any return for their labour. 

Then it was resolved that the present Priests should 
have the same perquisites as their antecessor, viz: 12 
shillings for each bridal pair, and for a burial according 
to the circumstances and ability of the friends. 

13th. The folk from St. Georges were earnestly 
questioned why they had absented themselves from this 
their church for a year or more. They answered that 
the long distance was the cause, to which it was replied 
that the way was no longer now than formerly. Then 
they laid the blame on the women folk and children, 
etc., all of which did not amount to a sufficient excuse, 
and they were therefore given to understand that they 
would lose all their church privileges, unless they 
changed for the better, while the pastor would not 
consider it his duty to go down and preach for them as 
he had for the last two years on various occasions done, 
and yet had not received from them the least compensa- 
tion or thankfulness. 


Hereupon the St. Georges' folk began to give better 
words, and promised to be more diligent to come to 
church, and that they would provide the school house in 
St. Georges for a preaching place when Magister Hes- 
sellius should come to them, therewith the matteJ was 
let rest for the present till further evidence of improve- 
ment, and in the meantime Magister Hessellius 
promised to perform all necessary service agreeable to 
his calling in the same manner as for his other parish- 

1 7 14 September 26. — There was a meeting of the 
Church Council. 

ist. It was ordered that Churchwarden Jacob Van de 
Ver should procure the window for the parish house 
which was promised last parish meeting when he goes 
to Philadelphia, and pay for it out of the church funds. 

2nd. It was resolved that if after exhortation and 
warning the St. Georges* folk will not cleave to the 
church, their pews shall be forfeited. 

A. D. — 1 715, January ist. There was a meeting of 
the Church Council, when after a sincere wish of a 
blessed New Year, the pastor explained the High 
Bishop Swedberg's views about getting together a good 
and orderly Church inventarium as expressed in his 
letter of June 15th, 1713, to the establishment of which 
the pastor promised to give all possible help, but the 
Church Council and particularly Mr. Springer and Ed- 
ward Robinson should deliver in the books given to the 
Church by Provost Biork, which was promised by those 
present. As regarded the Priest's house there was no 
inventarium except two tabies, three old chairs, one 
bedstead and one horse. Then the pastor enquired for 
greater security of holding his own without fault-finding. 


if anyone knew of anything else that belonged to the 
parsonage to which they answered that they knew 
of nothing. 

Then Edward Robinsson was asked with what intent 
he gave Magister Hessellius the young red horse more 
than a year ago. 

He answered for the use of the church. It. was fur- 
ther inquired that if in case the horse should die while 
under the custody of Magister Hessellius he wduld be 
be liable to provide another horse for the church, and 
the answer was no ! And so also with regard to the 
old chairs, if they by use should become worthless 
whether he should be holden to supply their place, 
which was resolved in the negative. Of the inventa- 
rium of cows, see p 43, and of that of sheep, see p 148. 

A. D. — 1715, February 12. A general Parish meet- 
ing was held at the usual room and place, thosie from 
both sides of the river being in attendance. 

ist. The explanation and reasons why this meeting 
had been called was given, viz. : That notwithstanding 
all possible diligence and earnestness had been used both 
in former meetings and on all private occasions to bring 
the members of the Church into unity and good relation- 
ship with each other, yet it is found, unfortunately, 
that through the ever new and insidious wiles of the 
enemy, this little flock of Christ is daily attempted to 
be scattered and divided, and especially since it is 
known how that Edward Robinsson, secretly and with- 
out the least communication with the Priests or the 
congregation, has induced the late Aaron Johansson's 
widow Barbara, to give away to him and his heirs all of 
her property both real and movable, notwithstanding 
it should in accordance with her late husband's will be- 
long to Christina Church after her decease as an undis- 


puted estate and possession the property having in the 
meantime been left as to trust and disposition to Matthias 
Petersson and Edward Robmsson as guardians to render 
an exact account therefor and care for her. 

But now not only has Matthias Petersson been thrust 
out by Edward Robinsson from an equal guardianship 
and possession, but Robinsson has taken all into his 
own hands and full possession, by which not only the 
church is much injured, but discord is kindled among 
the members and evil words and judgments are discov- 
ered on all sides and like noxious weeds spread 

Therefore tp obtain help in such important business 
and also that Edward Robinsson might have opportu- 
nity to explain and to give in a proper account, this 
general meeting has been called. 

2nd. On calling the roll Edward Robinsson was not 
present and he had before told Mr. Springer that ke 
would give no explanation or account though he was 
earnestly admonished and warned that if he remained 
away he would be put out of his office. 

Nevertheless, notwithstanding, he by his disobedience 
had made himself liable to the condemnation of the 
church, they examined into his case, impartially and 
according to his own acknowledgment made before to 
Mr. Hesselius in the presence of Mr. Springer, judged 
the matter and finally came to such conclusion thereon 
as the pastors and the congregation find to be reasona- 
ble and just, all being at liberty to discuss the business 
and speak for or against. And indeed if the smallest 
reason for Robinsson's procedure can be brought for- 
ward in his behalf it shall with all kindness be ad- 


3rd. Hereupon Mr. Springer presented a copy of the 
late Aaron Johansson's will, which was not witnessed, 
he refusing- to produce the original, which he had in his 
possession, what reason no one knew. This copy of the 
will which he brought before the meeting, he declared 
to be of the same tenor and meaning as the original and 
so we took his word for good, (though all knew that he 
favored Edward's side,) and it was read before the meet- 
ing as it is here found inserted. 

(a)Know all men that I, Aaron Johnson, being in perfect sense 
and memory, doe give my soule to God that gave it me and next 
I doe order that my body be decently interred. And I doe order 
that my wife doe administer and pay all my just and lawful 
debts. And I doe give and bequeathe all my whole estate to 
her, both real and personal. And this I doe make my last will 
and testament, revoking all former wills and testaments what- 
ever. As witness my hand and seal this third day of January, 

Aaron X Johnson. 

vSigned and sealed in the presence of John B Gardner. 


Mary M Hummers, William Guest. 


My name and mark underneath these following lines is, and 
shall be, of that force and virtue that I will have this the above 
written my last will and testament, to stand in full force and to 
be truly kept, and will have nothing to be therein altered. But 
by some further consideration afterwards, how the merciful God 
and Father which hath pleased to bless me and bestowed upon me 
so^^anifold mercies without any of my deserts, <ind should again 
be thankfully honored, not only in my and my wife Barbara 
lames' lifetime, but also afler our deceases, do I only add this 

(a)Writteti in Bnsrlish as were all legal documents. 


hereunto, that I find it in no manner of ways better to be done, 
but that after my and my wife's departing from this world shall 
all the estate my wife leaveth, real and personal, movable and 
immovable, belong to the Swodes Church that is built upon 
Christina, named Church of the Holy Trinity. Then the Rev. 
Ministers and Churchwardens, successively one after another, 
to dispose of to honor of God and for the good of the said 
Church, though I really designed some part of the estate that is 
real and personal to the Rev. Minister Magister Bricus Biork, tor 
his good services done unto me and my wife now, and especially 
may be at our funerals, which I leave to the discretion of the 
Church Wardens, hoping that my loving wife shall in her lifetime, 
after my deceise so use what I leave for her own good, in and for 
the best manner as we both now have done through God's mercy. 
And for the rest, not doubting thereof in the least that those who 
are herein concerned in the behalf of the Church which are to have 
full management of it after mine and my wife's decease, but that 
they will assist my loving wife with all good counsels whatso- 
ever, and be an assistance to her when she needs help. 

This will I have kept as my last will and testament, I having 
done it of a well bethought mind when I had my full sense and 
understanding, and in the presence of underwritten witnesses, 
do in the same manner of way as the other upon the other side 
written, confirm all this on the 20th of November, 1701. 

Signed, sealed and acknowledged in the presence of us as 

His His 

Lucas L Stedham, Aaron X Johanson. 

A/^ark. Mark. 

Charles Springer. 

After the will had been read, the congregation were 
asked what they had to say about it. If they found 
anything to object to which was either for or against 
themselves. If there was any word which could make 
Edward Robinsson's case good. 

Then Lucas Stedham arose and said he had heatti the 
late Aaron's widow complain with regard to licr 


circumstances and of being neglected as to proper care 
and attention in her old age and sickness, while left 
helpless by those whose duty it was to take care of her 
and that she should be under the necessity if no one 
will look after her and nurse her to apply to the magis- 
trates at New Castle for help on which account Edward 
Robinsson should be excused for taking tte whole charge 
upon himself. 

Then it was asked if any more had heard her com- 

All answered that they had not and that if she had 
had any cause for her lamentations she should first have 
applied to the pastor and Church Council, that she in 
Mr. Biork*s presence, when he took his departure from 
here, (to which Mr. Conrad Constantine can witness,) 
promsed to submit all her affairs to them. 

Therefore after some discussion of the subject and 
conferring with each other, it was found that neither 
Mr. Hesselius nor the congregation had heard any such 
complaint of the widow, and that she could live well on 
the income from her place and they all looked upon the 
whole transaction as a sham business with the widow, 
and that Edward had therein managed for his own 

And moreover when he had been enjoined by the 
pastor to^kerp a correct and just account of the estate, 
he had answered that if he was asked tp give in an 
account, it was that the widow's land and estate were 
already gone. 

4th. It was resolved that although the church might 
justly impose a severe church censure on Edward Robin- 
son for his proceedings, nevertheless in order to give 
him another opportunity for better thought and qhange 


of purpose with his own and the widow's declaration 
and further explanation, Mr. Jonas Walraven, Matz 
Petersson, Jacob Van de Ver, John Gustafson, and John 
Stalcop with the pastor were directed to visit the parties 
in their own houses and gather from them their views 
and intentions. 

5th. Edward Robinsson was dismissed from the Church 
Council for his disobedience in absenting himself from 
the parish meeting without lawful hindrance and by a 
unanimous vote Mr. Jacob Van de Ver was elected in 
his place, and Conrad Constantine was also chosen in 
place of the late deceased Peter Petersson. 

A. D. 1 715. February 14th. The deputies of the 
church with the pastor went to Edward Robinson's house 
and according to the last holden meeting's resolution, 
conversed both with the widow and Edward with regard 
to their transactions and intentions, and first the widow 
declared that of her own free will she had given away 
to Edward Robinsson all her property, as to one who 
best deserved it in payment and reward for his care for 
her both heretofore and hereafter. Edward Robinson 
said that nothing wrong and improper had been done, 
&nd that none of the church, and indeed, not even Matz 
Petersson, who had as well as Edward Robinsson been 
guardian for the widow, had any more disposition of 
his mother's (as he was pleased co call her,) estate and 
possessions, yes indeed, no more than of his own 
inherited and possessed house and land. 

The deputies of the church asked him if he could 
with a good conscience appropriate to himself or allow 
the widow to convey to him what after her decease in 
accordance with the late Aaron's will should belong to 
thejchurch. Robinsson answered that he had not felt 
anyliprick of conscience for it, and moreover, as he 

2o6 RKCORDS Ol- 

understood it, neither the late Aaron Johnsson nor any 
other one could accordinj»^ to English law will any land 
to a church. 

To which the pastor replied, if English law does not 
hold such a will to be valid, why did the court at New 
Castle receive the will of the late Aaron as a valid will, 
and have it recorded in due form. Edward made no 
answer to this, but said that he had in all respects done 
what was just and right. Edward was then asked if he 
intended to do the church such great injury as to appro- 
priate to his own use what after the widow's death should 
come to the church. 

He an.swered that he did not intend to do anvthiiig 
wrong in connection with the widow, but as to the con- 
gregation he will see after the death of the widow what 
he can do for them. After long discourse and much 
questioning, he said that he would not wrong the church, 
but whatever agreement he had entered into with the 
widow, he would adhere to, but he would so conduct 
the affair that the church should in time be satisfied and 

It was concluded that though Edward seemed with 
all his talk to be very much against the church, never- 
theless, it was thought best by the deputies to take (foi 
this time) his last words for good, at least encouraging 
the hope that he would come to a better mind, and sc 
leaving him and the whole matter to (iod, trusting that 
in time he will cause to be revealed what now lies con- 
cealed in the heart, and with this understanding they 
bade each olher good-b} e and separated. 

A. D., 1 715, July 9th A Parish meeting was held at 
the Priest house on the Old Land when, 

ist. The church accounts were examined and it 


ascertained what had been the income in the shrine from 
the 27th of June to this date, according to the following 

Ji s. d. 

The amount being for this year, . 5 o 4 

Over from last year, 6 9 

II 9 10 

When the church accounts had been examined the 
churchwardens with Matz Petersson and Conard Constan- 
tine went to the church to count the money in the chest 
and found in farthings, 38 shillings 8 pence in silver, 20 
shillings and the same amount in gold, which Church- 
warden Jacob Van de Ver took into his possession, and 
when they returned to the parsonage and compared it 
with the accounts, it was found that the church money 
was 7 shillings less than it ought to be, and they could 
not surmise what had become of it unless some, con- 
scienceless man had taken it away, as the chest had 
been for the whole year without a lock, and the church 
on various occasions had stood open. 

They therefore now resolved that Churchwarden Johan 
Gustafsson should take the money in hand, in gold and 
silver into his possession, leaving the small change only 
in the chest for the convenience of those who wished to 
make change in farthings when putting their offerings 
into the purse on Sundays. 

And to prevent any further loss in future of money 
from the church chest, the churchwardens were ordered 
to procure a lock for the chest, they to remain hereafter 
responsible for all loss which may happen on account of 
the chest standing open in case they do not procure 
a lock. 

As for the wine whidh the church is to pay for Wm. 


Van de Ver has already been over paid according to the 
account, the church being one shilling the better with 
him, and John Richardson shall be paid out of the silver 
which Johan Gustafsson received of Jacob Van de Ver as 
above mentioned. 

3rd. Jacob Van de Ver resigned the office of Church- 
warden, he having in the previous church meeting 
been advanced to tht Church Council and there was 
elected in his place his brother Philip Van de Ver to 
serve with Johan Gustafsson as Churchwardens. 

4th. The Churchwardens were directed to collect for 
the church money which had been long due, viz: upon 
Peter Wagers bond, which was entered in the church 
account between the 13th and the 20th of September, 
17 13, and also to attend to testaments and other prom- 
ises given to the church. 

5th. The ccmgregation was informed that the late 
Miss Magdalene Stubby had willed to Magister Hessel- 
lius a cow, which now through his free benevolence is 
given for an iuventarium to the parsonage, that the 
minister who shall succeed him may iiavc* a creature 
to begin his stock with, and if uothinx unlucky happens 
there will always be a cow belonging to the glebe as au 
iuventarium, and as pastor Hessellius had charged 20s. 
for his services at the funeral of the late Magdalene 
Stubby, the congregation should deJuct so much from 
the price of the cow, and therewith what the Pastor 
is indebted to the Chur.:li, on account of Martin Gus- 
tafsson's pew, he having the past Autumn,had of Martin 
an ox for three pounds and thus leaves 40 shillings due, 
which 40 shillings so soon as the pastor receives his 
salary shall likewise be paid. 

6rh. The sexton, Timothcus Stedliam, was requested 
to serve the church the coming year, as they could not 


well do without his services, and he answered that he 
would gladly serve the congregation provided they 
will remember him with a small compensation and not 
as has happened hitherto, entirely forget him. 

Whereupon it was resolved that the bellman should 
continue his service, and the Churchwardens should 
agree with the congregation with regard to a subscrip- 
tion for him and collect what each one will give for 
they are responsible for all matters pertaining to. the 
Church and Ministry. 

7th. The Church Council were admonished that each 
one in his neighborhood should take care to bring forward 
to baptism any that may here and there be found among 
them, and to labor with thos^, who though arrived at 
mature age have yet never been baptized. There being 
a great responsibility resting upon Christians before 
God if they neglect to labor for the salvation of them 
whom they receive into their houses, having such good 
opportunity to do them good as to body and soul, and at 
least can recommend and bring them to the pastor. 

The Church Councihneii over Brandvwine were en- 
joined to have particular oversight of the disreputable 
Paul Gustafsson, ihat his conduct may be improved so 
that it may not be necessary for the Magistrate at New 
Castle to bind him to good behaviour. 

The pastor will himself take the trouble to go over 
to him if some good man will go with him to witness 
whether anything can be done with him or not. 

8th. The Pastor urged the necessity of having a well 
at the parsonage house, both on account of the long 
and tiresome distance from the spring, and because the 
water is foul and full of worms, they having been long 
ago in Mr. Biork*s time, asked to dig a well near the 
house but nothing has been done about it to this day. 


Therefore, the congregation is now reminded of it and 
exhorted to unite in setting forward the digging imme- 
diately, more especially as they can see the great want 
of it in this dry summer when very little water can be 
found fit to drink in the neighborhood. 

On this representation the congregation could not do 
otherwise than consent to bring it about more surely 
they decided to appropriate some of the church money 
if they should not succeed in raising sufficient means by 
a collection from the congregation. 

Church-warden Johan Gustafsson petitioned for a 
seat for himself in the church and it was resolved 
that as most of the pews are occupied there is no 
better place for him than the one occupied by the sex- 
ton, and that he have a seat there so long as he is war- 
den, and that said pew be appropriated for the use of 
Church wardens in the future. 

A. D. 1715, July 31.— A pint of wine was got from 
Wm. Van de Ver for one shilling for which he hadt)een 
overpaid in his last yearns settlement. The same day 
there was a meeting of the Church Council and they 
conferred further about the well-digging and made an 
agreement with young Peter La Quette that he should 
go forward with the digging at the place where he had 
begun at the direction of the pastor and Mr. 'Matz 
Pietersson, viz. : On the west side of the vegetable gar- 
den as near the house as possible, and Peter La Quette 
should be paid for the work ten pence per foot, new 
currency, and the money should be taken from the 
church funds, as the congregation were not found willing 
to contribute money for the purpose at that time. As for 
the walling, Peter would not take it upon himself to do. 

Mr. Springer, Lucas Stedham and Peter Manson, pre- 


sented various reasons why the work on the well should 
not be proceeded with at this time. Such as, that it will 
be very hard for the people to labor on it now on ac- 
count of hay harvesting, plowing, etc., but most of the 
council and the pastor were of the opinion that none 
will refuse to help on so necessary a work in this time 
of drouth as no better time can be found in the whole 
year, and any other time will prevent as many private 
matters of business as this present. The pastor added 
that they certainly showed very little respect for the 
common good, who would not even give their teacher a 
cup of cold water, notwithstanding our Saviour Jesus 
promised it should not go unrewarded when it is given 
for His sake. 

And so it was resolved by so many of the Council as 
were rightminded, notwithstanding the objections of the 
others, that the well should not only be digged, but 
nicely and strongly walled up, and the sooner the bet- 
ter. Mr. Matthias Peitersson promised to engage a good 
mason and agree with him on the congregation's account 
to do the work and fix the price for the same. Magis- 
ter Hessellius promised for his part that he would board 
the laborers gratis and also those who carted the stone, 
Mrs. Helena, the late Peter Pietersson's widow, having 
already given the congregation leave to gather as much 
stone as might be needed for the work off her land. Mr. 
Hessellius told them that he would fence in the east and 
south sides of the Priest yard with nice palings at his 
own expense, which he had begun to do already, as also 
around the vegetable garden, out of respect for the 
honor of the congregation, and now he asked no more 
than that they should help him buy three pounds of 
nails to make up what were needed over what he had 
already bought, to which they agreed promising to pay 


him from the church money. It was also resolved that 
a strong rope be bought for the well with the same 

The Churchwardens were directed to engage good 
help to wind up the earth out of the well, which they 
complied with, and hired for that purpose Martin Mar- 
tensson and Asmund Stedham. 

A. D. 1715, August 5th. — Peter LaQuett finished dig- 
ging the well this day. When he reached a depth of 20 
feet, a copious flow of water came into the well from all 
sides, but it was dug below the veins a sufficient .depth 
to insure water, making the whole depth 25^ feet. 

A. D. 1715, August 8th. — After the close of Divine 
service the congregation was called together in the 
churchyard, when the pastor related to them how fav- 
orably the well digging at the parsonage had gone on, 
that they not only had found good and fresh water, but 
at not a very great depth contrary to our expectations, 
thus materially lessening the expense to the congrega- 
tion. He also infonned them of the resolve of the coun- 
cil to have the well walled up at once, and requested 
them now in this incoming week to bring forward stone, 
and thus save the church money and themselves further 
trouble. But now unwillingness and jealously were ex- 
hibited, for some that have always boasted of their help- 
ing the public, will now hear nothing about the well 
and much less assist in contributing for it, but went 
awav immediatelv. 

And so what was preached in the church a half hour 
before was verified, **one cannot gather grapes of thorns 
nor figs from thistles.'' Nevertheless the rightminded 
counseled with each other with regard to carrying on 
the work and decided that the next Saturday so many as 


had opportunity should haul stone, and others who had 
no team should break stone out of the hills, and their 
names shall all be set hereunder to their honorable re- 

August 9th, Mr. Jonas Walraven came with his hired 
man and boy, with horses, oxen and cart, to haul stone 
for the well and break the way for the others, and after 
having worked the whole day at carting the stone, he 
promised to give a bushel of lime for the mason work 
around the top of the well. 

August 13. The following members of the congre- 
gation came to haul. stone for the well, which they did 
till mid-day. Mr. Conrad Constantine with his son and 
hired boy, horses and oxen; Peter Paulson's son, from 
Whitler's Creek, with horses and sled; Mfins Gustafsson, 
with his horses; Jesper Walraven and Jacob Pilsson, 
with horses, oxen and cart; John . Gustafs' boy with 
horses and a sled; Timothy LyloflFson Stedham with the 
pastor, Magister Hesselius' horses and a sled; Philip 
Van de Ver and Jonas Stalcop with their horses and 
sled. The stone breakers were young Peter La Quett, 
Samuel Stedham, Israel Stalcop and Hindrick Garret- 

August 14th. — A meeting of the church council was 
held, when Magister Hessellius complained of the ill- 
famed member, John Hindricsson, who notwithstand- 
ing, he for a long time had been reproved and exhorted 
to mend, shows no penitence and reformation, but on 
the contrary absents himself entirely from the public 
service of the church and despises all wholesome coun- 
sel, whether of the pastor or church cotmcil. 

It was resolved that Pastor Hessellius with Church 
Councilman Matz Petersson, should at the first oppor- 

NoTE : In the names Pdl, Mdns the i is broad and has nearly 
the sound of au in English. 


tunity visit John Hindricsson, and once more urge him 
to repentance and refonnation from his impiety. 

August 15th. The Englishman Thomas KraflFert came 
to the parsonage, and after making a bargain with Matz 
Peterson on behalf of the church began work at walling 
up the well, having Anders Gustafson for assistant in 
winding up the water and letting down the stone in 
place of Samuel Stedham, who was hired for that pur- 
pose, and the same day young Peter La Quett brought 
a canoe full of moss from Sheephook on Samuel 
Stedham's account, who had promised it. 

August 1 6th. John Stalcop worked on the well one 

August 17th. Mr. Matz Petersson presented two 
book-cases for the books belonging to the church, as an 
inventarium, and Samuel Stedham worked on the well 
in place of his brother Hindric. 

August 1 8th. The Pastor and Matz Peterson brought 
more stone for the well. 

August igtli. Asmund Stedham worked on the well 
for Mrs. Helt na the widow of Peter Petersson. 

August 20th. Asmund Stedham worked on the well 
on his own account. 

August 22nd. Asmund Stedham worked on the well 
for Gustaf Gustafsson, and Jacob Van de Ver hauled 
stone with Pastor Hessellius^ horses, and a horse of the 
widow of Peter Petersson. 

August 23rd. Bishop Swedberg's letters from Sweden 
to the church arrived, one dated November 24, 1714, 
and the other, September i , 17 15. 

August 24th. Asmund Stedham worked on the well 
on William Mallander's account. 

August 26th, More stone was brought for the well 


with the horses of the pastor and of the widow of Peter 

August 29th. Mr. Jonas Walraven worked on the 
well, and young Lucas Stedham carted stone with his, 
the pastor's and Peter Canpony's horses having Peter 
Petersson's Hans from Brandywine to help him. 

August 31st. The well was walled up even with the 
ground, and at midday it was cleared out, Jonas Wal- 
raven and Anders Gustafsson helping at the work. 

September nth. After the close of Divine service 
the High worthy Bishop Dr. Swedberg's letters were 
read in presence of the whole congregation, which 
letters are attached to this book. 

Copy of the Letters. 

To the Christly congregation in Christina is wished 
abundant grace, and the blessing of God the Fathe* 
and our Lord Jesus Christ. 

I have recently received by the Provost Herr Eric 
Biork, the Christly congregation's very welcome letter, 
dated April gth, 1714, from which I learned with great 
pleasure of their good condition which I heartily wish 
may be of long continuance, and I thank them sincerely 
for the tokens of gratitude shown for the little care I 
have exercised to promote their spiritual welfare, and I 
do assure them that in the future I will look after their 
interests to the utmost of my ability and influence. I hope 
the church will be on good terms with their teacher, 
Mr. Andreas Hessellius who is a learned man and 
blessed by God with excellent gifts and capacity for 
preaching His word, and that the congregation will so 
treat him that he will have no cause to write home 
again of his discontent. 


I hope that in time he will be as well pleased as his 
predecessors, Messrs. Biork and Rudman, who never 

With regard to the request of the congregation at 
Ratcong Creek to have its separate church and the 
Rev. Abraham Lideniiis for their priest, I have given it 
particular consideration, and also have consulted with 
the Provost Herr Eric Biork, and found their desires to 
be Christly and reasonable, and therefore now g^ve 
them my written consent thereto, and have given His 
Majesty information concerning it. 

For though they have heretofore belonged to Holy 
Trinity Church as a part of Christina congregation, 
their way to come to church is very difficult, having to 
cross the river, and especially so in Winter, Autumn and 
Spring, and consequently they are deprived of their 
religious privileges. On this account it is Christly and 
reasonable that they establish a parish and have their 
own pastor whom they have invited, and who can be 
spared to them. 

Pastor Hessellius will then have more time to visit 
the congregation at Christina, for heretofore he has 
been at great pains and hardship in order to visit the • 
distant members living on the other side of the river, 
or suffer pain of conscience for neglecting those whose 
souls required continued oversight and spiritual instruc- 

That Herr Lidenius has been chosen to be priest 
there and all other things concerning that congregation, 
I have communicated to his Royal Majesty, who will be 
content with what I have done with the advice of the 
Provost Biork. 

And the Christly congregation may be avssured that I 


shall continue my prayers to God, and my good offices 
with the King for the prosperity and progress of the 
. Christly congregation. 

I have with great delight heard that the congregation 
which calls itself Christina are living Christly lives, and 
Provost Biork has given good testimony concerning 
them. Be in Christian unity both teacher and members, 
live in peace and harmony with each other, and so 
shall Christ dwell among you, and keep and bless your 
bodies and souls, and it will give me the greatest 
pleasure to hear further of your good conduct, so that 
next to firm trust in God for protection and all needed 
blessings, it shall be my greatest joy and satisfaction to 
remain to my dying hour. 

November 24th, 1714. 

The Christly Congregation in Christina's 

Most willing Servant 
JeRvSperus Swedberg. 

P. S. — I am very thankful for the valuable skins you 
intended for his Majesty: they are here in my care 
subject to his disposition to whom {a) I now write con- 
cerning them. 

And watch daily to walk circumspectly among the 
Gentiles that whereas they are accustomed to speak evil 
of you, they may see your good works and praise God in 
the day of visitation, i Pet. ii, 12. 

Let no false teacher deceiver you. They will feign 
reasons for speaking ill of our christian doctrines. 
Remember thy dear brothers. 

J. Swedburg. 

a. This first letter is in the Bishop's own hand writing and seems to 
have been retained for some reason and copied by some one, and both the 
original and copy sent together in April, with the addition of the fol owing 
which is added to the copy in Dr. Swedberg's own hand. 


A. D., 1 715, October 27th. Col. Sir John France related 
to the pastor that he with some other gentlemen from 
New Castle on the loth of the past October, saw a 
tree in the King's road to Maryland, about twelve miles 
from here, upon which it had rained for fourteen days, 
although the heavens were clear and there was no sign 
of rain elsewhere. The tree is a young black oak, 19 
inches in circumference, and so much rain has fallen night 
and day that anyone standing under it has been wet, as was 
also the Colonel though there was no appearance of damp- 
ness on the ground under the tree. In order to be certain 
whether the rain fell from the branches and leaves or 
out of a cloud, they sent a young boy into the top who 
found that the rain came down very copiously from 
heaven. The well born Colonel stated that this rain was 
first observed on the 3rd of October and continued until 
the 17th, when a thoughtless hired man in his ignor- 
ance cut down the tree and the rain then ceased. 
Record op marriages in Christina Congregation 17 14. 

1. Johan Culen, Miss Christina Pdlsson, married, January 6. 

2. Johan Van de Ver, Miss Maria Stalcop, married January 14 

3. Paul Gustafsson, Miss Carin Bethiem, married February 4. 

4. Hen ric Garrison, Miss Kerstin Constantin, married April 3. 

5. Thomsis Johnsson, widow Margareta Samueldotter, married 
September 7. 

6. JohannCvS Mdnsson, Miss Ingeburg Stedbam, married Sept- 
ember 21. 

7. Edward Robinson, Miss Margaretta Classen, married Sept- 
ember 23. 

Record of marriages in Chrlstina Congregation 17 15. 

1. Olof Palsson, widow Elizabeth Colesburg married Pebmary. 

2. Revererd Abraham Lideniu«, Miss Elizabeth Von Neeman 
married May 25. 

3. Timotheus Lylofsson Stedham, Miss Elizabeth Van de Ver 
married June 7. 


4. John Wright, Sarah Wright, from Maryland wedded with 
license of of the Governor, married June 24. 

5. I^ncas I^ucassitn Stedham, Miss Ingeburg I^a Quett, married 
October 26. 

6. Enok Canly, widow Catharina Grantiem wedded in their 
house, married November 7. 

7. Robin Peers, Miss Mary Simons, married November 25. 

8. William Abraham, Miss Maria Constantin, wedded in the 
Parsonage, married December i. 

Record op Baptisms with names of Parents and Sponsors 

IN the Year 1714. 

1 . Richard Knos and wife. Susanna's child Joseph,a few months 
old, baptized January 17th, Sponsors Johan Von Culen and his 
wife Christina, Olof Prison and Mariah Palson. 

2. Israel Petersson and wife, Marguretta's child Hans, bom 
February 20th, baptized February 28th, Sponsors Pastor Hessellins 
Captain Hans Peterson, Mrs. Hellena Petersson, Stafan Tassawas 
wife Karin, and Miss Ingeborg Stedham. 

3. Johan Tassawa and wife Annika's child EHas, bom Jan. 21, 
baptized March 7th, Sponsors Wm. Van de Ver, Timotheus Bengt- 
sson Stedham, Peter Petersson 's wife Hellena and Miss Kiastin 
Conrad's dotter. 

4. Aute Vainans and wife Marguretta's child Andreas, born 
February 3d, baptized March 21st, Sponsors Eskel Johansson, 
Miss Ingeberg Stedham and Miss Constantin. 

5. Darby Whelan and wife Susa's child Richard, 4 months old, 
baptized April i8th. Sponsors Jacobus Van de Ver, Matthias 
Skagen, Olof Tossawa's widow Gertrude and Peter Mayer's 
wife Sara. 

6. Regner Von Culen and wife Ingrid's child Kerstin, five 
months old, baptized April 25th, Sponsors Johan Von Culen, 
Peter Pdlson, Mrs. Elizabeth Colesberg and Miss Magaretta 

7. Peter Petersson Canpany and wife Hellena's child Johannes 
bom June 3d, baptized June 6th, Sponsors Johannes M&nsson, 
Henrie Gruken, Mdns Gustafs wife Catharine, Miss Maria 


8. Edward Nelson and wife Sara's child Maria, bom June 4th, 
baptized June 13th, Sponsors Peter Canpany, Jonas Stalcop. 
Samuel Stedham, Margaretta widow of Asmund, Miss Ingeberg 
La Quett, Miss Mary Skagan. 

9. Stafifan Cornelius and wife Wilhelmina's child Anders» bom 
June 12; baptized Jnne 20, Sponsors Peter Petersson from Bran - 
dywine, Conrad Constantine, Gustaf Cock's wife Anna. 

10. Gustaf Gustafsson and wife Kerstin's child Nils, born June 
19th, baptized June 27. Sponsors Martin Gustafsson, John Wal- 
raven. Anders Gustaf's wife Brita, Jphan Gustafs wife Brita. 

ri. Martin Gustafsson and wife Brita 's child Jonas, born May 
23th, baptized August 29th, Sponsors Pastor Hessellius, I Swed- 
bf 1^, Mrs Sara Hesellius, Mrs. Maria Braun. 

12. Christiemjoransson and wife Elizabeth 's child Christina 
bom August 27, baptized August 29th, Sponsors Matz Petersson, 
Peter Canpony, Mrs. Kustin Constantine, Mrs. Brita Stalcop. 

13. The young Peter Mansson and wife Annika's child Olof, 
bom August 20th, baptized August 30th. Spons ors Johannes 
Mdnsson, Timotheus Benedictus Stedham, The senior Peter 
MSnsson*s wife Karin and Olof Tossawa's widow Gertrude. 

14. Johannes de Poss and wife Johanna's child Matthias, six 
months old, baptized September 5, Sponsors Conrad Ciinstantin, 
Mdns Gustafsson, Mrs. Kerstin Garrison and Miss Mary Con- 

15. George Wilhelms and wife, Kustin, child, James 6 years 
old baptised September 7, Sponsors, Peter Mansson, Michael 
Mayer, Thomas Johnson and his wife Margaretta, Mrs. Helena 
Van de Ver. 

16. Michael Meyers and wife Anna's, child. Christopher two 
weeks oH, baptized September 7, Sponsors, Peter Mansson, 
Thomas Jamison and his wife Margaretta. 

17. Zacharias Bertilson, (over the river) and his wife Sara's 
child William, baptized September 12, Sponsors, Olof Van Nee- 
man, Johan Bertilsson, Miss Anna Perssen and Miss Magdalena 
V^on Neeman. 

18. Pastor Andreas Hessillius and wife Sara's child Andreas, 
bom September 15, baptized by his father, September 19, Spon. 
sors. Bishop Swedburg (in his place responded) Charles Springer, 


Cal. John Fnnoe, Jonas Walniven, Peter Canfvany. The Ute 
Magister HesselUus^ widow Maria Ber]g^a. in Swv<len, in whi>9ir 
place was Helena Canp'^ny, Lucas Stedham's wi^ Karin and 
AiMlers Gnstafis* wife Brita. 

19. Timothens Adamsson Stedham and wife Kniplkc'a child 
born September 18, baptized September 26, Sponaon Ca|>tv Hana 
Petersson. Anders Cock, Jacob Van de Ver, llann IVteraaon'A 
wife Annika, Anders Cock\s wife Sara. 

20. Peter Mansson and wife Annika\s child Keratin {Ttxmx 
Prince Morris), one N'ear old, hapti/.cd Septem!)cr i6, 8t>onAoia 
Conrad Constantin, Jonas Walravcn*s wife Annika, Mrs. Kcmlin 

21. Joran Anderssonand wife Maria's child Klixiihelh^fnmi Si 
Georges) 4 weeks old, baptize<l Septcml)cr 28, S|M)nsoni IVlrt 
Andersson, Johan Ivarson*s widow Ivli/^bcth Ivarson who J\mt 
after the birth had privately bapti/^ed thochild» Peter Anderason's 
wife Magdalena. 

22. Jons Anders Joransson and wife Sara*M child Jons, (from St. 
Georges) 4 weeks old, baptized Sq>tcml)cr 28, SiKmiiors John 
Ivarson, Matz Ericsson, Johan Ivarson's wife Marin. Miss Kaslti 

23. Alberti Volbach and wife Rarbro's child Peters, born Hrpt 
ember 25, baptized October 3, Sfwnsors Peter Cnnpnny in Maty. 
Petersson's place; Hendric Hendricsson. AnderN (rimtafs wife 

24. Johan Stalcop and wife Maria's child Christina, born Orl 
ober 20, baptized Octoljer 24, SixmsorH Matz Pctfrrssoti, Hwrti 
Gostafsson and his wife Catharina, from Wicacr^, Johan ihin 
tafsson's wife Brita, Miss Maria PetcrHson. 

25. 31ans Gustafsson and wife Catharina's child Maria, ^nptn 
Vovtanber 4, baptized Novemfier 7. Sfxmsfirs Martin Gifatafssf/fi. 
Lacns Lnca^son Ste-fham. Mrs. Maria Hrann« Mrs. Helena Can 

2^ Johan Didrick Elrod and wife Maria Mas(dalena'% fhihi. 
Agada. bom October 29. baptized Noverat^er H, Hponnfjtn, ttstnn 
FiaxtssKUL, Peter PclerMon frr/m Brandy win#- Mana Pielt«Tjiv^> 
wsSt Astzika and Mrs. Brita I^nnkin. 


27. Johan Gustafsson and wife Brita's child Maria, bom Novem- 
ber 24, baptized November 17, Sponsors, Gustaf Gustafsson, Jr. 
Hindric Orhan, Martin Gustafs wife Brita, Miss Maria 
Petersson, Miss Maria Snecker. 

28. Johan Johansson's child (over the river) I^aurentz, baptized 
November 21, Sponsors, Olof Von Neeman, Martin Johnsson, 
Mrs. Anna Petersson, Mrs. Magdelena Von Neeman. 

29. Lucas Petersson 's child Abraham (over the river) baptized 
November 24, Sponsors Herr Abraham Lidenins, Johan Mink 

Elizabeth Mink 1715. 

1. William Maslander and wife Helena's child Maria, bom 

October 27, 1714 baptized January ist, Sponsors. Pastor Hesselius 
Jesper Walraven, Sara Hessellius, Miss Ingeborg Laquette. 

2. Hendric Hendricsson and wife Judith's child Peter, bora 
December 31. 17141 baptized Januar\' 3rd Sponsors, Pastor 
Hessellius and his wife Sara. 

3*. Bertil Johan and wife Maria's child from (Elk River) 
Maria 5 months old, baptized February 2nd at St. Georges, 
Sponsors, Matz Johansson, John Ivarsson and wife Maria and 
Walborg Ivarsdotter. 

4. Mdns Anderson and wife Elizabeth's child Matz (from St. 
Georges) born December 31, 17 14, baptized February 2nd. Spon- 
sors, Peter Holsten, Johan Anderson, James Anderson's wife Sara 
John Ivarsson 's wife Maria. 

5. Paul Gustafson and wife Karin's child Gustaf, 6 weeks old 
baptized, February 6th, Sponsors, Hendric Stedham, Timotheus 
Lylofson Stedham, Edward Robinson's wife Margaretta and 
Johan Tossawa's wife Annika. 

6. William Van de Ver's old negro Christian, baptized 
February 20th, Sponsors, Jonas Stalcop and Miss Judith Van de 


7. Hans Sher and wife Annika's child Isaiah (over the river) 

baptized April 10th, Sponsors, Rev. Abraham Lideuius, John 
Van Neemeen, Miss Catharina Stalcop, Miss Carin Guilliamson. 

8. Johan Dickman's child, Mariah (over the river) baptized 
April loth, Sponsors, Anders Hendricsson, Margaretta Billerback. 

9. Samuel Hals and Anna Elizabeth's child George, bom 2 
weeks before Christmas, baptized April r7th after having been 
previously baptized from necessity by his mother. Sponsors, Carl 
Springer and his wife Maria, Miss Judith Van de Ver. 


10. Simon Johansson and wife Annika's child Olof of Elk 
River, 5 months old baptized May 15th, Sponsors, Regner Von 
Culen, Jacob Hendricsson from Cranehook, Olof Frisson's wife 
Elizabeth, Eric Ericsson's wife Annika. 

11. Joseph Hodges and wife Catharina's child Joshua/ bom 
April 14th, baptized May 15th, Sponsors, Pastor Hessellius and 
his wife Sara, Anders Kock and Johan Henderson's wife Brita. 

12. Robin Pickman and wife Sara's child Anna (over the river) 
baptized May 15th Sponsors, Abraham Savoy, Miss Anna Persson 
Miss Sara Bertilsson. 

13. Cornelius Comeliisson's child Jacob (over the river) bap- 
tized May 15th, Sponsorsjacobus Van de Ver Hindric Petterson, 
Miss Anna Frantssen, Miss Grenilla Bertilsson. 

14. Philip Van de Ver and wife Elizabeth's child Peter born 
May nth, baptized May 22nd, Sponsors. Timotheus Lylofsson 
Stedham, Jonas Stalcop, Cornelius Van de Ver, widow Marga- 
retta, Miss Elizabeth Van de Ver. 

15. Mdns PMsson and wife Margaretta's child Pil, bom May 
i8th, baptized May 29th, Sponsors, Margaretta Hessellins, Con- 
stantins Constantin, Hans Pietterson's wife Anna. 

16. Johan Classon's child Oney (over the river) baptized June 
3rd, Sponsors, Jacobus Van de Ver, Jean Savoy, Miss Karin 


17. Hendric Vainam's child Hans, (over the river,) baptized 

June 3rd, Sponsors, Johan Hindricson, Martin Johnson, Ana Sher, 
Catharine Hendricson. 

18. Johan Johanson and wife Hanna's child Lydia, (ftom Elk 
river,) 7 months old, baptized June 5th, Sponsors, Gustaf Gus- 
tafsson, Jr., Martin Gustafson, Jonas Walraven's wife Annika. 
Martin Gustafsson's wife Brita. 

19. Jacob Stelle and wife Rebeca's child Maria, bom June 
22nd, baptized July 3rd, Sponsors, Conrad Constantin, Martin 
Gustafsson and his wife Brita, Geisee the wife of Peter PSlsson^ 
Sen., Martin Gustaf s wife Brita. 

20. Hugh Simons and wife Francina's child Christina, 16 
years old, baptized July 8th, Sponsors, Carl Springer and his wife 


21. Johan Gins and wife Elizabeth's child Catharine, 6 weeks 

old, baptized July 17th, Sponsors Peter Mdnsson, Anders Stal> 
cop, Miss Helena Petersson, Miss Sara M^nsson, 


22. Hendric Garrisson and wife Kerstin's child Hendrick, born 
July 17th, baptized July 24th, Sponsors, Conrad Constantin, 
Johan Garresson, Peter Pdlsson*s wife Geisie, Maria Con- 

23. Hugh Simmons and wife Prancina's daughter Mary, 20 
years old, baptized July 31st, Sponsors, Anders Cock Staffen, 
Cornelius wife Willaminke. 

24. Hugh Simmons and wife Francina's son Charles, 27 years 
old, baptized August 7th, Sponsors, Johan Gustafsson, M&ns 
Gustaf's wife Catharina. 

25. Petei Meyer and wife Sara's child Abraham, bom May 
7th, baptized May 14th, Sponsors Pastor Hessellins and his wife 
Sara, Timothens Lylofson Stedham, Annika the wife of Peter 

Mnsson. Jr. 

26. Ambrosius Loudon and wife Brita's child Jesper, born 
May 9th, baptized May 14th, SpoUvSors, Martin Gustafsson, Lucas 
Stedham, Jr., Mrs. Maria Braun, Miss Sara Jespesdotter Wal- 

27. Zackarias Didricsson and wife Helena's child Peter, bom 
July 2ist, baptized August 14th, Sponsors, Thomas Jansson, 
Michael Meyer, Thomas Johnson's wife Margareta, Timotheus 
Stedham's wife Elizabeth. 

28. Edward Kobinsson and wife Margaretta's child Richard, 
born August 30th, baptized September iilh, Si)onsors, George 
Whiteside, Peter Classon, Mrs. Maria Braun, Mrs Walborg 

29. Cornelius Walraven and wife Wolborg's child Johannas, 
(in St. Georges,) 5 weeks old, baptized October 4th, Sponsors, 
James Joransson Andersson, Mdns Andersson, Mrs. Maria Ivars,) 
Miss Catharina Ivars. 

30. Staffan Tossawa and wife Catharina's child Catharina, 
bom September 30th, baptized October 9th, Sponsors, Israel 
Petersson, Timotheus Llyofspn Stedham, Mrs. Helena Petersson, 
John Gustafsson' s wife Brita. 

31. Johanes MSnsson and wifb Ingeborg's child Peter, bom 
October 14th, baptized October i6th, Sp>onsors, Peter Mdnsson, 
Christiem Brinburg, Lucas Stedham, Jr., Lucas Stedham's wife 
Carin, John Gustaf s wife Brita, Miss Sara Mdnsson. 


32. Johan Von Culea and wife Kerstin*s child Johan, born 
October iQth, baptized October 23rd, Sponsors, Eric Erricson 
fix>m Cranehook, Peter Classon and his wife Wolborg, Miss Mary 

33. Johan Link and wife Anna's child Johan, 2 years old, 
baptized November 5th, Sponsors, Johan Von Culen, P&l Pftlsson 
and his wife Elizabeth. 

34. Johan Grantrem*s widow's children; 

Carl, about 12 years old, 

36. Ambrosius, 5 years old, 

baptized November 7th,Sponsors 
Enoch Canby, Peter Anderson 's 
wife Magdalena, and Sara Hes- 

35. Helena, 7 years old, } sellius for the youngest, in 

whose place stood Peter Ander- 
son's wife Magdalena. 

37. Anders Cock and wife Sara's child Brita, 7 weeks old, 
baptized December nth, Sponsors, Conrad Constantine, Timo- 
theus Lylofsson Stedham, Eric Anderson's wife Brita, Miss 
l^agdalena Petersdotter. 

38. Jacob Van de Ver and wife Maria's child Jacob, bom 
November 30th. baptized December 12, Sponsors, Pastor Hessel- 
lius. Peter Petersson, Miss Judith Van de Ver, Miss Magdalena 

39. Janson and wife Susanna's child Johan, 8 weeks old 
baptized December 8th, (of German birth and Presbyterians) 
Sponsors. Johan Willian Lerchenzciler, Anders Gustafs wife 
Brita. (a) 

Record of Buriai^, 17 14. 

1. Thomas Jonsson's wife Anna, buried April 21st. 

2. Staifan Cornelius' son Cornelius, buried January 2nd. 

3. Joseph Clayton's wife Ella, buried July nth. 

4. Johan Anderson's wife Catharine, buried September 7th. 

5. Johan Gustafsson's child Maria, buried December 5th. 

6. Michael Meyer's child Christopher, buried December 22nd. 

Burials, 1715. 
1. Peter Petersson Canpany, buried February 6th. 

a. Hereafter the names of sponsors, etc., will be omitted. Also the 
record of communicants at each celebration of the communion. 




2. Staffan Tossawa, buried February 8th. 

3. Magdalena Stubbj^ buried March 6th. 

4. Anders Gustafsson*s child Johannes, buried March nth. 

5. Richard Mankin, buried March i8th. 

6. Anton Vainam's mother Elizabeth, buried March 24th. 

7. Morton Gustafsson's child Jonas, buried March 27th. 

8. Peter Cock ) buried in their garden at St. Georges. 

9. Magnus Cock | March 30th. 

10. Hindric Johanson Orkan, buried April 3rd. 

11. James Davis, buried April 3rd. 

12. Albertus Wolback, buried April 4th. 

13. Johan Iwarson, buried in his garden at St. George's. 
April 5th. 

14. Edward Wilsson's wife Sara. 

15. Wm. Skagan's widow Elizabeth, buried May 

16. Johan the child of Peter M^nsson, Jr., buried May i6th. 

17. Daniel, the servant of Peter Minsson's son, buried 
June 29. 

r8. Johan Robinsson, buried August 3rd. 

19. Johan Stalcop's child Christina, buried September 12th. 

20. Johan Gustafs child Swen, buried September 23rd. 

21. Johan Oin's wife Elizabeth. 

A. D. 1 716. Eskel Johanson worked on the well at 
the parsonage from the 27th of Januar\' to the 5th of 
Febrnary, making all the nece.ssary wood work above 
and around, with a windlass, posts and roofing, &c., and 
all without any pay, but for the honor and service of 
the church, and for the love of the glor}- of God, and 
the benefit of the Priest folk. 

On the 9th of May there was a general meeting of the 
congregation held at the parsonage, at which ware pres- 
ent His Highworthiness Herr Provost Anders Sandal 
and the Pastor Magister Hessellius and the elders of 
the church and many of the members. When first after 
calling on the Most High for his blessing on all our 
present work in hand, we consulted with His High- 


worthiness Herr Provost concerning the best means to 
induce the parishioners to learn, and to have their 
children instructed in the catechism and works calculated 
to build them up in christian doctrine. The pastor said 
that the examination held each Sunday after the Oct. 
song sermon did not have the desired effect, partly 
because so few have the courage to answer loudly and 
plainly as to what they have learned, and partly because 
many adults will not answer, considering this kind of 
examination suitable for children only. 

Whereupon the Provost exhorted the congregation 
saying that the older should by their example encourage 
the younger, and so they all would be able to give ex- 
pression to their christian belief and understanding of 
the doctrines. 

As regards visiting at their houses, notwithstanding 
the pastor has promised them that if they would appoint 
any day in the week he will come to them by the help 
of God, and instruct them in God's word, ver>" few have 
signified a willingness to profit by such proposition and 
opportunity, and he often has taken a long journey in 
vain, as the children could not be gathered together on 
account of various engagements without or within the 
house. The Provost proposed that at such time as can 
best be spared from work, notice should be given from 
the pulpit eight days beforehand, that a neighborhood 
should be assembled at a certain house on such day as 
the pastor shall please to appoint and can be present. 

2nd. The pastor also talked with the Provost about 
school master Hernbohm, who came over from Sweden 
about three years ago, for the purpose of instructing the 
Swedish children by keeping school, being recommended 
thereto by His Highworthiness Dr. and Bishop Swed- 


berg to both congregations, and if he could not now at 
a convenient time be spared from the upper congrega- 
tion, and in some way be able to come down here when 
some of the people shall find means to encourage him 
to teach their children. 

Herr Provost answered, it would indeed be possible if 
only the members of the congregation who had most 
need of a school master for their children, will pledge 
themselves to so honorable and satisfactory support for 
Mr. Hembohm as has already been aflForded in the upper 
congregation, where he has had his continuous abode 
since he first came into the countr>% 

Whereupon the pastor promised to obtain each one's 
assent and subscription for the salary of the school 
master, who will and can have his children well 
instructed. Then Mr. Springer arose immediately, and 
before the whole assembly promised for his part, home 
and board free, with five pounds to Mr. Hernbohm for a 
years' salary. 

3rd. The meeting united in a free will offering to the 
church in acknowledgment of the favor shown them by 
God, by the last sendihg here of the bibles and psalm 
books by the High Authorities of Sweden. Each one 
who had received a bible gave 6 shillings, a psalm book 
in 8 vo., two shillings, 6 pence; one in long 12 mo., two 
shillings, and they who had the smallest, only 18 pence. 

4tli. Complaint was made with regard to the dreary 
condition of the parsonage house, which was so out of 
repair that the rain came through and through; the 
congregation has repeatedly been informed thereof, on 
several occasions and at parish meetings they had 
acknowledged the needed reparation, yet nothing has 
been done. Mr. Hesselius wished them at least to build 
a kitchen on the west side of the house bv which there 


would be more room for the occupants, and the wall 
would be protected from the rain. 

They all agreed to this and promised to undertake the 
work this summer. 

5th. The pastor presented the yearly accounts (which 
is set down on the opposite page,) and as no one of the 
congregation doubted the honesty of the Churchwardens 
in the case of the money, it was resolved and unani- 
mously requested that the same wardens, viz., Johan 
Gustafsson and Philip Van de Ver should continue to 
serve another year, which they willingly consented to. 

6th. As the Church Council on the other side of the 
river no longer belong to Holy Trinity Church, since they 
have had liberty to have a separate church and pastor, 
it was found necessary to elect some good men in their 
places to the Church Council from this side, which was 
accordingly done, the congregation giving their votes 
for Eric Ericsson at Cranehook, Joran Andersson of St. 
Georges, Johan Tossawa, Mans Gustafsson and Johan 
Von Culen, so that the present fjhurch Council of the 
church at Christina are Mr. Carl Springer, Jonas Wal- 
raven, Contad Constantine, Joran Andersson for St. 
Georges, Lucas Stedham, Mins Gustafsson, Peter 
Mansson, Matthias Petersson, Jacob Van de Ver, 'Eric 
Ericsson on Cranehook, Johan Tossawa, Johan Von 

8th. All those who had not yet obtained seats in the 
church were informed that they had the privilege of 
selecting any that suited them of such as were still 
unoccupied, paying the proper price. 

The members of the congregation also considered and 
discussed what should be done with Edward Robinson's 
empty pew, but could not arrive at any certain conclu- 


sion and so the matter was postponed till some other 
time, and in meantime wait, hoping for his repentance 
for forsaking the church. Hereupon His Highworthi- 
ness, Herr Provost took an affectionate leave of the 
meeting which then was dissolved. 

The 13th of May there was a meeting of the Church 
Council, when Eric Ericsson on Cranehook presented 
his long talked of grievance of the cost of the ferriage 
over the Christina, claiming that a long time ago when 
the church was built, there was an agreement made that 
this part of the congregation on this side of Christina 
Creek should furnish a canoe for the use of those dwell- 
ing on the other side for free ferriage so long as Chris- 
tina Church remained, but as nothing of the sort appeared 
on the church records and no one on this side knows of 
any such agreement therefore, herewith the controversy 
must end, and Ericsson enjoined to never say anything 
more about it. (a) 

On the 25th June there was a meeting of the Church 
Council, when Timothy Lylofson Stedham gave up the 
bell-ringing, and Sayiuel Stedham undertook it in his 

The 25tli of June Mr. Jonas Walraven finished the 
work on the well at the priest house with rough casting. 

The 1st of July the Church Council were together 
after Divine service and reminded the Churchwardens 
of their duty to see to the repairing of the doors of the 
church, which they promised to attend to. 

The 8th of July His Highworthiness Herr Lidenius 
took over the river with him from Christina church, a 
copy of the large psalm book and of the hand book. 

n. The canoe was for them living on the other side of the Delaware who 
usually crossed at New Castle and walked up, so that they could come 
around into the dock and up to church. 


The loth of July a wonderful and uncommon thing 
happened a ewe gave birth to a greatly deformed monster 
two lambs bodies being united without any head, each 
body having its four legs and each its tail, the tails 
inclining towards each other. There was in the middle 
the appearance as if a head might be there though there 
was no head or sign of one except a cleft ear upon the 
middle. This occurence is set down here because His 
High worthiness Herr Bishop Dr. Swedberg in a letter 
to the Priests last year, directed that all unusual and 
unnatural phenomona should be carefully recorded in 
the church book for the benefit of posterity. 

July 22nd the pastor informed the Church Council of 
the High worthy Provost's conclusion with regard to a 
school master for Christina, th^t notwithstanding the 
pastor and the elders of the church had requested that Mr, 
Hernbohm should come down here to the congregation 
as also he had been recommended to them by the High- 
worthy Bishop, nevertheless as he had already made a 
good beginning in instructing jertain of the upper 
congregatian's children, so that he could not soon be 
spared without detriment to them, the Herr Provost 
thought it advisable that Mr. Gioding should be 
encouragingfly asked to undertake school-keeping, as he 
had formerly on this side as well as the other side of the 
river done the young good service which proposition as 
no one could say anything against it was requested to 
be promoted and set in operation. 

August 26th. The Church Council met to consult 
about building a kitchen at the parsonage and though 
they had thought of building a house of timber yet on 
account of the difficulty of inducing the congregation 
to prepare and bring forward the timber they concluded 


to build a frame house, and Eskel Johansson promised to 
make it as good as possibly could be and of not less 
value than a timber house. 

September i2tli. The Church Council contracted with 
Eskel Johansson to build the above mentioned kitchen 
building and promised him £']^ lo shil., for the work 
which should include cutting and preparing the tim- 
ber, setting it up, and roofing, and laying the floor so 
soon as plank for it could be sawed and fited or the work. 

Record op Marriages 1716. 

I. Anders Gustafsson Johansson, and Miss Mary M^sson. 
married January 3d. 

3. Jonas Stalcop and Miss Judith Van de Ver, married January 

3. Hendric Stedham and Miss Elizabeth Tossawa, married 
January 29th. 

4. Erasmus Stedham and widow Helena Petersson, married 
May nth. 

5. Jasper Walraven and Miss Maria Snecker, married May 24th. 

6. Joseph Barker and Miss Johanna Clayton, married Sep- 
tember 27th. 


7. William Forehead and Miss Maria Stedham, married 
November 6th. 

Record ok Baptisms 1716. 

1. Gustaf Cock and wife Anna's child Catharina. bom Decem- 
ber 28th, 1715, baptized January ist. 

2. Peter Classon and wife Walborg's child Jesper, bom Febru- 
ary 2 1 St, baptized Febmary 27th. 

3. William Abraham and wife Maria's child Joseph, bom Feb- 
ruary i8th, baptized March 4th. 

4. Ante Wainan and wife Margaretta's child Maria, bora 
March 8th, baptized March nth. 

5. Martin Gustafsson and wife Brita's child Gustaf, bora 
March 19th, baptized March 25th. 


6. Olof P&lsson and wife Elizabeth's child Susanna, baptized 
April 4th) 3 weeks old. 

7. Anders Loin^ and wife Brita's child Joran, bom May 19th, 
baptized May 27th. 

8. Jonas Stalcop and wife Judith's child Jol^an, born May 26th, 
baptized June 3d. 

9. Olof Mdnson and wife Anna 's child Johannes, (in St. Georges) 
baptized June 5th. 

10. Richard Enos and wife Susanna's child Elizabeth, bom 
March 30th, baptized June 1 7th. 

11. Lucas Lucasson Stedham and wife Ingeborg's child Peter, 
bom June i8th, baptized June 24th. 

12. Gustaf Hessellius and wife Lydia's child Andreas, bom 
July 28th, baptized July 29th. 

13. Israel Peterson and wife Margaeretta's child Lylof, bom 
July 28th, baptized August 5th. 

i4.^Staffan Cornelius and wife Williminka's child Gustaf, 
bom August 3d, baptized August 5th. 

15. Michael Meyers and wife Anna's child William, bom July 
16th, baptized August 12th. 

16. Simon Johansson and wife Anna's child Maria, (in Elk 
River,) baptized August 12th, 8 weeks old. 

17. William Maslander and wife Helena's child William 
bom August 17th, baptized September 9th. 

18. Johan Stalcop and wife Maria's child Matthias, bom Se{>- 
tember 26th, baptized September 30th. 

19- Bille Cock and wife Emma's child Johan, baptized October 
2 1 St, 10 months old. 

20. Timotheus Adainsson Stedhim and wife Engelke's child 
Magdalena, (necessary baptized September 4th. 

21. Pastor Hessellius and wife Sara's child Petrus, bora 
November 7th, baptized November nth. 

22. Hindric Garrisson and wife Kerstin's child Conrad, bora 
November i6th, baptized November i8th. 

23. Johannes de Foss and wife Hannah's child Anne, baptized 
November 25th, 10 months old, and only through the neglect 
of parents and contempt of all advice without the least excuse 
has been kept from baptism unto this day. 


24. Mdns Gustafsson and wife Catharine's child Anders, bom 
November i9th, baptized November 28th. 

25. Erasmus Stedham "uid wife Helena's child Andreas, born 
November 22nd, baptized November 25th. 

26. Isabel Atkinson baptized December 23, twenty-one years 

BlJRIAI^ 1816. 

I. Ante Vainan's child Staphan, buried March 30th. 

2 Eric Ericson (from Crane hook,) buried November 8th. 

3. Olof Tossawa*s widow Gertrude, buried September 25th. 

4. Pastor Hesselliu*s child Petrus, buried November 25th. 

In Holy Trinity Church close to Provost Biork's child Petrus, 
which can be seen in the first church book page 89. 

A. D. 1717. The frame of the kitchen at the parson- 
age was raised by Conrad Constantin, Johan Von Cnlen, 
Lucas Stedham, Jr., and both the Churchwardens with 
Erasmus Stedham, Samuel, the Sexton, TimotheusLylofs- 
son Stedham and Johan Stalcop. 

May 7th. There was a general parish meeting at the 
parsonage, when were present the Rev. Provost Andreas 
vSandall, Herr Abraham Lidenius, the Pastor of Rat- 
cong*s Creek Church, and a large number of the con- 

ist. His Highworthiness the Provost, after calling on 
(rod for his blessing that the meeting might have agood 
result, asked the congregation why they treated their 
pastor so badly by keeping back his salary, and neglect- 
ing their promises , inasmuch as more than twenty per- 
sons have entirely failed to pay anything for five years, 
and a large number of other members have neglected to 
do anything for the support of their teacher for the past 
year. Churchwarden Philip Van de Ver said that he 
was not to blame for the neglect, and so far as he can 
get a list of the arrearages he is ready to gather them in. 


The pastor replied that no list was necessary, as almost 
all in common are behind in the fulfillment of their 

Mr. Springer in the name of the congregation pro- 
posed that the salary should be increased by a new 
promise and addition, viz: That those who have hereto- 
fore promised to pay in old money will now for the future 
pay the same in new currency, to which Mr. Gioding 
replied that such a promise will do no good, because they 
who have paid nothing of the lesser promise will hardly 
fulfill a greater one. 

Nevertheless some expressed a willingness to make 
the increase, and Mr. Springer set down their names 
and the pastor expressed satisfaction .therewith. 

2nd. The Provost represented the necessity of setting 
up regular Swedish school keeping in the congregation, 
to which the Pastor agreed immediately with great 
pleasure, and gave his opinion that if Mr. Gioding could 
take up his abode at some place in the Parish which 
would be convenient for most of the children to come 
together, he probably will take upon himself the duty of 
school teaching upon terms which he and the parents of 
the children may be able to agree upon They all 
seemed to think well of the project, provided they could 
agree upon the school place. They thereupon named 
three places around which most of the children were to 
be found, viz: with Mr. Springer, Johan Stalcop and 
Christiern Brunburg, and it was agreed that the neigh- 
bors should meet with Mr, Springer on a certain day, 
come to a decision about the school place and the 
school-master's salary, and the sooner the better. 

3rd. Johan Von Culen was appointed to collect and 
take to Wicacoe the skins which the congregation had 


promised to the merchant Oriot in London, for the care 
he has heretofore taken to forward over Swedish letters 
and books. 

4th. Wm. Mahlender was chosen to the Church 
Council, in place of Eric Ericsson of Cranehook, deceased, 
so that the Church Council for the present year are these: 

Mr. Carl Springer, Conrad Constantin, Petei Mtosson, 
Jonas Walraven, Johan Tossawa, Matthias Petersson, 
Lucas Stedham, Johan Von Culen, Jacob Van de Ver, 
M^ns Gustafsson, William Mahlender, Joran Andersson 
in St. Georges. 

5th. His Honorworthiness Mr. Lidenius, Pastor at 
Ratkong creek, presented the request from the congre- 
gation over the river to this congregation for assistance 
towards their new church, according to the 
which was given when Holy Trinity Church was built, 
in return for the rich joint help given by those on the 
other side of the river at that time. 

It was resolved that the request is reasonable and its 
propriety no one can deny. Therefore Mr. Springer 
along with the rest of the council promised to consult, 
and consider means for the compliance with the said 
parties legitimate request. 

Whereupon the meeting was dissolved after an exhor- 
tation of the Provost to the congregation to live in love 
and unity with each another. 

May 8tli. Herr Lidenius took the old alms purse from 
the church at Christina with the consent of the Provost 
and Pastor to carry over to his congregation to be used 
in St. George's Church iMay 22d. The Pastor met 
with churchwarden Johan Gustafsson and the neighbors 
up in the woods, and Mr. Gioding with regard to the 


school keeping which was decided upon at the last 
meeting, in order to get in operation as soon as possible, 
for though it had been decided to have the school at 
Mr. Springers' he had in the mean time made objection 
to having it there because Staffan Cornelius who had many 
children was not at home but with Indians at Conestowa, 
and it was uncertain when he would come home, there- 
fore the school could not properly be at his house or at 
least we should wait till Staffan's return. 

But those parents who had more zeal for the instruc- 
tion of their children, thought that no time should be 
lost in so important and christian, undertaking. There- 
fore Johan Gustafsson offered to furnish both house and 
board for the schoolmaster, if in other respects they could 
come to an agreement 

This proposition the pastor was very much in favor 
of accepting, therefore on tlie aforesaid day he presented 
himself at Johan Gustafsson's, with Mfins Gustafson, 
Gustaf Gustafsson, Johan Stalcop, Ante Vainan's wife 
Margaretta, and Mr. Gioding, and held consultation both 
with regard to the place and wages, and agreed that the 
before named persons together with Anders Gustafsson 
should send their children to Johan Gustafsson's house 
the next coming 17th of June, when Mr. Gioding shall 
be ready to begin school -keeping for this present year, 
to the same time in the next coming year, and have fdr 
wages 30 shillings for each child, leaving all the rest ot 
the congregation at liberty' to send their children when- 
ever they please and agree on the terms the best they 

1817, June 17. — Mr. Gioding began holding school in 
Johan Gustafsson's house, when the pastor was present 
with as many of the parents as could attend, and after 


previously calling upon God with singiilg and prayer 
and a Godly talk to the children and their parents, ex- 
amined the children as to their proficiency and then 
recommended them to Mr. Gioding, the names of which 
children are here inserted: 

1. Gustaf Johan Gustafsson, 9 years old, can read his cate- 
chism tolerably well, and also answers very well various questions 
of christian instruction. 

2. Peter Joh n Gustafsson, 7 years old, recites the ten com- 
mandments tolerably well. 

3. Mary Geens, 9 years old, can read Swedish and say the ten 

4. Gustaf Mdns Gustafsson, 7 years old. can read Swedish 
tolerably well 

5. Mdns Gustafs daughter Annika, 6 years old, can spell 
Swedish tolerably well. 

6. Anders Gustafs daughter Catherina, 12 years old, can 
read in a book, but must begin to learn to spell right. 

7. Peter Stalcop Johansson 's son , 5 years old, knows the letters. 

8. Margaretta, the late Peter Stalcop's daughter, 1 1 years old, 
reads Swedish indiffeiently well, but must learn to spell anew. 

9. Thomas Davis, 1 1 years old, can spell Swedish a little. 

10. Annika, Anders Gustafs daughter, 8 vears old, can spell 
a little. 

1 1 . Ante Vainan 's son Lars, 7 years old, knows the letters. 
June 23. — Johan Gustafsson resigned the office of 

Church-warden, and those of the congregation who 
were then present at the church elected Lucas Stedham 
Jr., in his place to be with Philip Van de Ver, Church- 
wardens for the current year. 

June 30. — Samuel Stedham resigned the office of sex- 
ton and Timotheus Lylofsson Stedham was chosen in 
his place. 

October 17. — The pastor was called to Johan Tos- 

'holy trinity (old swedes) church. 239 

sawa's, over Brandywine, to visit Hendric Stedham's 
sick wife and administer the Holy Supper, and on the 
way Hindric Stedham showed the Pastor two white oaks 
standing about two musket shots from each other, both 
beside the King's road, on the west side as you go up to 
Philadelphia, the one below tire other on the stony hill 
above the land of Hans Piettersson who lives at Skillpot 
Creek. It seemed to rain under these oaks and no- 
where else, while the heavens were clear and sunshiny, 
and no sign of a cloud to cause the rain. The day previous 
which was the i6th October, Hindric Stedham with 
his mother and Michael Meyer, first observed the rain, 
and now when the pastor, this 17th day of October, 
came to the same place, notwithstanding the day was 
unusually clear and sunshiny, and it was mid-day, he 
saw with wonder that the rain was falling in fine drops 
under the first tree though thicker under the second, 
and it was so clear that the drops were to be seen on leaves, 
hats and clothes, from which, however, t^hey were very 
soon dried. One could indeed, both recognize and 
taste the moisture without observing any difference be- 
tween it and any other rain water. 

Towards evening when the sun was somewhat more 
than an hour high, as the pastor was returning from the 
sick woman, he saw still clearer the rain against the sun, 
and that there was no place around about, no matter 
how carefully one searched in the wood where such rain 
was to be seen. Therefore one may safely consider this 
to be a peculiar phenomenon, not unlike that which oc- 
curred two years ago by the King's road on the other 
side of New Castle. 

God forbid that such strange occurrences should fore- 
bode us any evil ! No one has seen that unusual rain 
since thit day, the atmosphere having been mostly 


cloudy, and common rain has often been falling since 
that time here in Christina. * 

Marriages. 17 17. 

1 . Christopher Stedham and Miss Johanna Von Culen, mar- 
ried Jan. 3. 

2. Cornelius Ja Quette and Miss Maria P&lsson,married May 14. 

3. Anders Stalcop and Widow Barbro Wolback, married May 23. 

Page 45. 

4. Nathaniel Tucker and Mrs. Catharina Ivarsson, married 

October 3 1 St. 

5. Johan Oins and Miss Margaretta Stedham, married Nov- 

ember 19th. 

Baptisms 171 7. 

I St. Hindric Hindricsson and wife Judith 's child Zacharias, 
bom January i6th, baptized January 20th. 

2. Philip Van de Ver and wife Elizabeth's child Maria, bom 
Januar>' 20th, baptized January 27th. 

3. Zacharias Didricsson and wife Helena's child Cornelius, 
bom February 7th, baptized February loth. 

4. Henry Powell and wife Elizabeth Kent's child Anna 
Prudens, 6 years old, baptized Februarj- 9th. 

5. William Forehead and wife Mary's child Margaretta, bora 
February 19th, baptized March 4th. 

6. Jacob Stille and wife Rebbecca's child Peter, born March 
Sth, baptized March loth. 

7. Christopher Meyer and wife Matta's child Margaretta, 7 
weeks old, baptized March loth. 

8. Johan Stout and wife Anna's child Joseph, (from St. 
Cjcorges,) 6 months old, baptized March loth. 

9. Christiern Joran and wife Elizabeth's child Margaretta, (from 
Fish point.) bora November 26th, 1716, baptized Mar. 19. 

10. Ambrosius London and wife Brita's child Ambrosius, born 
March 17th, baptized March 24th. 

11. Rees Frees and his strumpet Eleonora Morris' illegitimate 
child Catharine, 1 1 months old, baptized in the house of Mr. 
Springer, April Sth. 

12. William Howell and wife Margaretta's child Patience, i 
year old, baptized April 22nd. 

♦The drops were emitted by a certain insect B. 


13. Peter Munson, Jr., and wife Anna's child Johannes, bom 
April 22nd, baptized April 24th. 

14. Bertil Johansson and wife Maria's child Susanna, (Elk 
river,) bom March 17th, baptized May 5th. 

15. Pftl Gustafsson and wife Catharina's child Peter, 8 weeks 
old, baptized May 19th. 

16. The Quaker Oliver Matthews and wife Elizabeth's son 
William, 20 years old, baptized June 9th. 

17. Gustaf Gustafsson and wife Kerstin's child Swen, bom 
July 17th, baptized July 21st. 

18. Johan Tossawa and wife Anna's child Hindric, bom July 
15th, baptized July 2i8t. 

19. William Richardson and wife Mary's daughter Anna, 7 
years old, the 5th of last April, baptized July 31st, in the house 
of Samuel Barker. 

20. William Richardson and wife Mary's child Mary, one year 
old 17th of March last, baptized July 31st in the house of Samuel 

21. William Hicks and wife Anna's child William, born 
December 17, 17 15, baptized Julj' 31st, in the house of Samuel 

22. Samuel Hall and wife Anna Elizabeth's child Samuel 7 
weeks old, baptized August 4th. 

23. Matz Hamelin and his deceased wife Ingeborg's child 
Anna (in St. Georges,) born December 31, 17 16, baptized in the 
house of Joran Anderson Sept 17th. 

24. Hendrich Stedham and wife Elizabeth's child Johannes, bom 
September 14th, baptized September 22nd. 

25. Olof PAlson and wife Elizabeth's child Olof, born 
September 26th, baptized October 2nd. 

26. Christopher Stedham and wife Johanna's child Catharina 
born September 26th baptized October 6th. 

27. Lucas Stedham Jr. and wife Ingeborg's child Christina, 
bom October 12th, baptized Octtober 13th. 

28. Johannes MSnson and wife Ingeborg's child Lucas, bom 
October 13th, baptized October 20th. 

29th. William Cleany and wife Maria's child Rebecca, bom 


October 19th, baptized October 27th. 

30. Anders Loinam and wife Brita's child Maria, born 
November 29th, baptized December ist. 

31. Anders Cock and wife Sara's child Helena bom December 
5th, baptized December 13th. 

Record of Burials 1717. 

1. Johan Tossawa*s child Hindric, buried September 15th. 

2. William Abraham's wife Maria, buried September 15th. 

3 . Richard Enos ' chi Id Joseph buried at Cranehook October 2nd • 

4. Hindric Stedham's wife Elizabeth, buried Nbvember 9th. 

5. Anders Loinan's child Maria buried December 22nd. 

A. D. 1 7 18. Honorworthy Herr Provost Magister 
Sandall was at Christina and preached, and after the 
close of Divine service the Council was convened, and 
the Herr Provost expressed his wish and opinion with 
regard to the portion of the church land which had been 
proposed to be sold to Mr. Runberg, to which piece of 
land no good title could be given, and he was under the 
necessity of purchasing another tract. 

The Herr Provost considered it advisable that without 
the most urgent necessity, the said land should never 
again be offered for sale, it being a much better plan to 
hire out the land for the maintenance of the pastor than 
to sell it. 

Record of Marriages, 1718. 

1. Mirtin MSrtinsson and Miss Kerstin Walraven. married 
May 8th. 

2. Christopher Shegel and Miss Anna Maria Aistrin, married 
May 15th, 

3. Johan Jaquett and Miss Hannah Ellis, married November 

4. Johan Andersson (from St. Georges,) and Miss. Elizabeth 
Iwarssen, married November 12th. 


5. Johan Eaton and Miss Mary Skagan, married November 

6. Jc^nathan Otley and Miss, Debora Manly, married. Decem- 
ber 8th. 

Baptisms 1718. 

I. Johan Barnet and wife Margaretta's children Robert, 5 years 
old the 13th of March, baptized January 3rd. 

2-3. Thomas and Jeremia twins, three years old the coming 
Easter, baptized same day. 

4. Peter ^lasson and wife Walborg's child Margaretta., bom 
March 3rd, baptized March 9th. 

5. Anders Stalcop and wife Anna Barbro's child Catharina, 
born March 4th, baptized March 9th, 

6. Johan Barnet and wife Margareta's child Carl, bom March 
8th, baptized March i6th. 

7. Johan Didrick Elrod and wife Maria Magdalena's child 
Elizabeth, (from St. Georges,) bom March 12th, baptized March 

8. Jesper Walraven and wife Maria's child Elizabeth, bom 
Maich 25th, baptized March 30th. 

9. Thomas El wood and wife Elizabeth's son William, (from 
Philadelphia,) 10% years old, baptized April i6th. 

10. Edi^^ard Robinsson and wife Margareta's child Jacob, 14 
days old, baptized April 17th. 

II. Anders Vainan and wife Margareta's child Peter, bom 
April 17th, baptized April 20th. 

12. Pastor Hessellius and wife Sara's child Emmanuel, born 
April 24th, baptized April 27th Sponsors, Mr. Gustaf Hessellius 
and his wife Lydia, *Herr Emmanuel Swedberg (in Sweden,) 
in whose place Christina Brunberg answered, Johan Stalcop, 
Jonas Walraven' s wife Annika, Miss Mary Peterson. 

13. Johan Barnet and wife Margareta's child Margareta, 9 
years old, baptized May nth. 

14. Johannes de Foss and wife, Hanna's child Johan, bom 
March 14th, baptized June ist. 

*Son of Bishop Swedbergr, and founder of the New Church, called 

^ * — ■<■•* 


15. Johan Eatx>n and the strumpet Elizabeth Nic8sen*s 
illegitimate child Maria, 3 months old, baptized June ist. 

i6t H&ns Gustafsson and wife Catharina's child Catharina, 
born June 6th, baptized June 15th. 

17. Cornelius Jaquett and wife Maria's.child Johan, bom June 
24th, baptized July 20th. 

18. Richard Enos and wife, Susanna's child Maria, 9 weeks 
old baptized August 17th. 

19. Johan Stalcop and wife Maria's child Tobias, bom Sep- 
tember 29th, baptized October 5th. 

20. William Maslander and wife Helena's oSLld Abraham, 
bom October 12th, baptized August 19th. 

21. Johan Von Culen and wife Kerstin's child Maria, bom 
October 3rd, baptized October 19th. 

22. Jacob Van de Ver and wife Hana's child Magdalena, bom 
November 5th, baptized November nth. 

23. The Indians Meckanappit and Gertrude Toene's child 
Philip, 8 years old last August 15th, Sponsors, Johan Hindrics- 
son and his wife Brita, who had adopted the boy for their foster 

24. Thomas Bird and wife Sara's child Elizabeth, bom Sep- 
tember 15th, baptized December 8th. 

25. Israel Pelterson and wife Margareta's child' Petrus, bom 
December 2nd, baptzied December 9th. 

26. Philip Van de Ver and wife Elizabeth's child Cornelius, 
bom December 2nd, baptized December loth. 

27. Jonas Stalcop and wife Judith's child Aunika, born 
December loth; baptized December 14th. 

28. Hindric Garresson and wife Kerstin's child Maria, bom 
December 12th, baptized December 14th. 

29. Martin Gustafsson and wife Brita 's child Beata, bom 
December 8th, baptized December 14th. 

30. Michael Meyers and wife Anna's child David, bom Decem- 
ber 10th, baptized December i6th. 

31. Timotheus AdamSson Stedham and wife Engelke's child 
Israel, bom December nth, baptized December 20th. 

hoi^y trinity (old swedes) church. 245 

Burials 1718. 

T . Christopher Stedham 's child Catharina, buried July 4th. 

2. Cornelius Ja Quett*s child Johan, buried September 4th. 

3. William Van de Ver, buried October nth. 

4. Peter M^sson, buried November 8th. " 

5. Philip Van de Ver's child Cornelius, buried December 19th. 

1 719, March 7. MSrten Gustafsson brought 6 apple trees 
and 4 peach trees to the parsonage and planted them, 
thus showing his good disposition and wish to 
beautify and improve the Priest ground. 

March i^k. Lucas Stedham, Jr., planted 10 apple 
trees and one peach tree on the Priest*s land. 

March 21st. Philip Van de Ver planted 6 Morello trees 
at the parsonage house. 

April 8th. The Pastor met with Mr. Gioding and all 
the scholars in the house of Johan Stalcop in presence 
of most of the parents of the children, to have a formal 
closing of the past school keeping, which began June 
17th, 171 7, and had been sometime since ended, thatjit 
might be known by a proper examination how much 
improvement the children had made, and according to 
the wish of the parents dismiss Mr. Gioding from his 
school work. The pastor opened the exercises with a 
Godly prayer and appropriate remarks, after which Mr. 
Gioding in his praiseworthy manner according to the 
method of His Highworthiness Bishop Swedberg, in the 
beginning of his catechism, asked questions regarding the 
most important christian doctrines requiring proof from 
Holy Scripture, to which questions of Mr. Gioding to the 
surprise and gratification of all, they answered promptly 
and boldly, and so quickly confirmed their answers by a 
text of Holy Scripture, that all the company present 
could not refrain from glorifying God with tears of joy 
and gladness for their children's quick memory and 


attaiuments, and the school-master* s diligence and cir- 
cumspection, who all that, only by conversation and with 
out any book, had impressed upon the memories of the 

And that there had been no fault in teaching them 
reading, the pastor proved by having them read portions 
of the psalms selected by him, and found to his g^eat 
satisfaction that they could read Swedish well. 
• Of all the children who were enrolled on the 17th of 
June, 1 717, there were none absent except l^uy Geens, 
Thomas Davis, and Anders GustaPs daughter Catherina, 
who had not been so fortunate as the other children, not 
being able to attend school constantly, though the last 
mentioned Catherina is very well advanced consider- 
ing the little time she was able to be present. 

When all was gone through with, the pastor con- 
cluded the examination with a children's hymn and a 
blessing on the children, whereupon all separated 
toward evening with . mutual pleasure and congratula- 

May 3rd. — His High worthiness, the Provost Magister 
Sandall, preached his valedictoiiy sermon in Holy Trinity 
Church, and took an affectionate farewell of the congre- 
gation. At the same time the Provost requested the 
pastor, Magister Hessellius, to write in the name of all 
the Swedish Churches in unison, a letter to Her Ma- 
jesty, the Queen of Sweden, as a respectful congratula- 
tion upon her entrance upon the government of the 
Swedish Kingdom, with a humblf supplication for the 
continuance of the royal favor, which the American 
Churches have for so long time received from the Royal 
House of Sweden. 

The pastor undertook the composition of the letter 
and had it ready, so that on the next following Sunday, 


May loth, the Church Council in Christina subscribed 
their names to it, and then it was sent to the other con- 
gregations to be subscribed, which having been done, tlie 
Herr Provost Sandall took the letter to carry over to 

The letter read as follows: 

Most Mighty All Gracious Queen: 

Before your Majesty's Royal Throne, we present with 
the deepest and most humble reverence, our hearty and 
most sincere ^ong^atulati oils upon your Royal Majesty's 
most happy accession to the crown and government of 
Ihe high renowned kingdom of Sweden, and although 
we learn with the greatest sorrow that the Most High 
in His 'all-wise and incomprehensible Providence, had 
been pleased to call home so unexpectedly to the heav- 
enly and eternal Kingdom, his dearest friend and most 
valuable instrument. His late, most glorious, RoyaJ 
Majesty, your Majesty's highly beloved Royal Brother, 
yet we cannot but acknowledge with humble gratitude 
to the Divine Majesty, the unspeakable consolation and 
satisfaction at your universally desired succession to 
the royal throne, not only with regard to our old dear 
Fatherland Sweden, but also particularly to ourselves, 
who live in this foreign distant land under the protec- 
tion of our Gracious Soveignty of England, and the 
free enjoyment of our religion, have for so many years 
enjoyed your Royal Majesty's late Royal Father's and 
then his late Royal Majesty, your Majesty's Royal 
Brother's most praiseworthy care for our souls by means 
of evangelical doctrine, maintained by sending over 
faithful and pious Priests to us with a good stock of 
Swedish bibles and pious books, which invaluable zeal 
for the dissemination of God's pure word, we with great 


appreciation acknowledge, as we herewith in the deep- 
est humility and confidence before your Royal Majesty, 
supplicate that the same Christ-like care for our souls' 
salvation, which your glorious predecessors have always 
shown, may also for a long time hereafter from your 
Majesty's all-mild continuance, shine forth and from 
your royal house, like as the rays of the sun are sent 
out to the uttermost parts of the earth. 

We shall faithfully call upon the most High God that 
He will be pleased to richly reward suclf Royal favor 
with all spiritual blessings, and turn away from the 
Royal House all sorrowful and unfortunate occurences. 

May the Lord make your Majesty's Royal Throne 
secure for all time, and grant that there never be 
wanting of your Royal blood to occupy it. 

Wherewith we ever remain. 

Most Gracious Queen, 
Your Royal Majesty's, 
Submissive Humble Servants and faith 
ful intercessors in behalf of the United 
Swedish Congregations in Pennsylvania and 
New Jersey in America. 
From Pennsylvania in America, 
May the loth. 1719. 

May 20th. Samuel Stedham was sent with the following skins 
and fars to the Provost Sandall, to take over with him to Englad 
and Sweden as a present to our honorable patrons. 

Prom Erasmus Stedham 5 Raccoon Skints. 

From Lucas Stedham i Beaver Skin. 

From Joseph Walraven i Beaver, 2 Minks, 1 Raccoon and 
I Fox. 


t ( 
I ( 
t t 

t ( 


Prom Ambrosius London, 4 Muskrats. 

Anders Johansson Stalcop, i Mink. 

Cornelius Ja Quett i Raccoon. * 

Conrad Constantin 7 Raccoons, i Mink. 

Johan Stalcop, 2 Raccoon. 

Hindric Garretson, i Fox. i Mink. 

Mins Gustafsson i Lynx. 

Jacob Stille 2 Foxes, i Opossum. 
•• Peter Prison i Mink. 

*• Lyiof Stedham and Hendric Snecker 2 Raccoons. 
• • Peter Classon 2 Raccoons. 

Israel Stalcop i Raccoon. 

William Mahlander i Beaver, 2 Muskrats. 
** Edward Robinsson 2 Raccoons. 
** Mitrten Mdrtensson i Fox, i Wildcat. 
•* Peter Mdnsson's widow i Mink. 
" Johan Tossawa's children 2 Minks, 2 Muskrats, i Raccoon . 

Zacharia!^ Didricsson i Fox, i Raccoon, 2 Opossums. 

Matz Petersson 3 Raccoons. 
** Staffan Vainan i Otter. 
•* Christain Brunberg i Beaver. 
•• Johan Von Culen i Fox. 

*• Timotheus Lylofsson Stedham 2 Poxes, i Raccoon i 
From Philip Van de v^er 2 Raccoons. 

** Widow Alice Van de Ver 2 Raccoons, 2 Minks. 
•* Staffan Cornelius i Bear. 

Jacob Van de Ver 2 Raccoons, 

Jonas Stalcop 8 Muskrats. 
Hindric Stedham paid the expense of sending the above men- 
tioned skins to Wicacoe. 

The following persons sent money to buy more skins 
to make up what was lacking Jonas Stalcop i shil., 
Jonas Walraven 2 shil., Johan MUrtenson 10 pence, 
Andreas Vainam 2 shil 6 pence. 

June 28th. The congregation elected at the church a 

aThe Swedish word for raccoon is Siapp, bnt the Swedes in America 
adopted the name espan from the Indians who called it espan or hespan . 



€ t 


Churchwarden in place of Philip Van de Ver, viz: 
Hindric Stedham, who together with Lucas Stedham, 
Jr. , assumed the duties of Churchwardens for the current 

The sexton Timotheus Stedham offered to serve the 
church till Autumn, and the congregation promised that 
they would pay his salary more jointly and punctually 
than they had done hitherto. 

December 3d. His Honorworthiness Herr Samuel 
He^sellius arrived fro n Sweden with full Royal author- 
ity to be pastor at Wicacoe in Provost SandePs place, 
with the proper Rcclesiastical documents printed in 

When he arrived here at Christina, he had with him 
the following letters which were read to the coegfega- 
tion at the first opportunity. The first was Her Royal 
Majesty Queen Ulrica's letter to the church, dated 
Stockholm, April 15th, 1719, which is attached to this 
book. The next is the Highworthy Bishop Swedberg\s 
letter to the congregation, dated Brunsbo, August 5th, 
1 7 19, which through the mistake of the Bishop is 
directed to the Swedish Church in Philadelphia, though 
there is none such, therefore the good Bishop could have 
meant no other than this here at Christina, as Wicacoe 
had received also its own letter. Besides this letter to 
the congregation, pastor Andreas Hessellius had a sepa- 
rate letter from the Herr Bishop, dated Brunsbo, Aug. 
5th, 1719, in which he appointed him to be Provost in 
the place of Herr Sandall, over the Swedish congrega- 
tion with these words: 

As I suppose Herr Sandall is now on his way home, 
according to the purport of his letter, I appoint you 
hereby to be Provost over the Swedish Churches, with 


the confident expectation that you will be diligent in 
the performance of the office, and let me know on every 
occasion the condition and circumstances of the congre- 
gations, for which may God grant you grace. Amen. 

Marriages 1 7 19. 

1. Edward Brennen and Miss Mary Butcher, married January 


2. Hans Piettersson Smith and Miss Elizabeth Oins, married 

February 5 th. 

3. John Wilder and Margaretta Van de Ver, married April 30. 

4. Christiem Brynberg and Miss Maria Petersson, mairied 

July 2nd. 

5. Samuel Stedham and Miss Annika Tossawa, married Sep- 

tember 17th. 

6. Hindric Stedham and Miss Catharina Van de Ver, married 

November loth. 

7. Jacobus P&lsson and Miss Mary Davis, married Dec. 29th. 

Baptisms, 17 19. 

1. Ambrosius London and wife Brita's child Helena, born 
January ist, baptized January nth. 

2. Jacob Stille and wife Rebecca's child Susanna, bom January 
19th, baptized January 25th. 

3. Niclas Bishop and wife Dorcas' child Johan, bom October 
6th, 1 7 18, baptized January 28th. 

4. Erasmus Stedham and wife Helena's child Israel, born 
February 12th, baptized immediately after birth. 

5. Hendric Hendricsson and wife Judith's child Christina, 
bom February 27th, baptized March ist. 

6. Anders Loinan and wife Brita's child Catharina, bom 
March 6th, baptized March 8th. 

7. William Cleany and wife Maria's child William, bom April 
22nd, baptized May 3rd. 

8. Joseph Barker -and wife Johanna's child Maria, bom 
September 24, 1718, baptized May 17th. 

9. Johan Stout and wife Anna's child Johan, bom January 
28th,^baptized May 17th. 


lo. M&rteti M&rtensson and wife Kersten's child Matthias, 
bom May 14th, baptized May i8th. 

ir. William Forehead and wife Maria's child Johau, born May 
27th, baptized May 31st. 

12. Edward Branin and wife Mary's child Anaika, bom May 
15th, baptized May 31st. ' 

13. Paul Kilpos and wife Catharine's child Johan, born May 
3rd, baptized June 7th. 

14. Gustaf P^llsson and wife Marita's child Sara, born February 
19. 17161 baptized June 7th. 

15. Gustaf Frisson and wife Marita's child, Debora, bom 
January 14, 1718, baptized June 7th. 

16. Olof P&lsson and wife Elizabeth's child Peter, born June 
30th, baptized from necessity July 19th. 

17. Joseph Coxe and wife Maria's child Margarita, 4 months 
and two weeks old, baptized July 19th. 

18. Anders Stalcop and wife Barbara's child Andreas, bora 
August 14th, baptized August 23rd. 

19. Jesper Walraven and wife Maria's child Christina, born 
September 2nd, baptized September 24th. 

20. Christopher Meyer and wife Matta's child Philip, born 
August 27th, baptized September 20th. 

21. Christopher Stedham and wife Hanna's child Adam, bom 
September 29th, baptized October loth. 

22. George Kraut and wife Anna Maria's child Johannes, 9 
months old, baptized (at Amiasland) November 3rd. 

23. Peter MAnsson and wife Annika's child Bengt, bom 
Octobet 31st, baptized November 8th. 

24. Philip Van de Ver and wife Elizabeth's child Andreas, 
bom November 25th. baptized November 29th. 

25. Cornelius Ja Quett and wife Maria's child Casparus, bom 
November 14th. baptized November 29th. 

26. Henry Fowler and wife Mary Andersson's child William. 
13 days old, baptized December 6th. 

27. Anders Cock and wife Sara's child Andreas bom December 
12th, baptized December 20th. 

28. Christiem Brynberg and wife Karia's child Elizabeth,bom 
December 14th, baptized December 20th. 

HOLY TRINITY (old swedes) CHURCH. 253 

Burials 1719. 

1. Eramus Stednam's child Israel, buried February 15th. 

2. Johan Wilhelm Lerchenzeiler's wife Susanna, buried July 

3. Edward Brannin*s child Annika, buried July 24th. 

4. Aaron Johansson's widow Barbro buried September 20th., 

5. Matz Petersson buried September 27th. 

6. Edward Robinsson's wife Margaretta, buried October 30th. 

7. Pastor Hessellius* child Emmanuel, buried October 6th in 
the church close to his deceased brother Peter. 

8. Casparus Palatinus buried November 29th. 

1720. — Pastor Samuel Hessellius preached for the 
first time in the church at Christina, the ist of January. 

February 24. — There was a general Parish meeting at 
the parsonage, concerning the use and improvement of 
the Priest land, when after various propositions were 
discussed pro, and con, , it was finally decided to agree 
with Anders Loinan on the following items : 

1. Anders Loinan to take the land for four years for 
one- half of the proceeds. 

2. He is promised help by the congregation in cutting 
and stacking grain. 

3. Anders Loinan ibay use the pastor's two plow- 
horses, but shall not be obliged to keep niore than one 
of them through the winters during the before men- 
tioned four years. 

4. Anders Loinan shall have liberty to clear new land 
if the old will not bear a crop, and in such case he shall 
have the first crop unless the people help him clear the 
land, in which case he shall give the pastor half. 

5. For smith work on the plow irons the pastor and 
Anders shall each pay his half. 

6. The pastor and tenant shall each pay one-half of 
the reapers. 


7. The pastor and tenant shall each provide one-half 
the fodder for the cattle. 

8. The pastor and tenant shall each find one-half the 
seed for sowing. 

May 2nd. — There was a meeting of the whole parish 
at the parsonage in presence of his Honorworthiness 
the pastor in Jersey, Herr Abraham Lidenius, who had 
come here over the river in the interest of his church at 
St. Georges in Penn's Neck, to present the before 
mentioned just claim of that congregation of the obli- 
gation which the Christina congregation assumed in the 
promise to pay back to the members on that side of the 
river as they before had helped towards the church 
building and the Priest house. 

Which debt this Christina congregation promised 
should be paid so soon as that part who lived over the 
river should be able to support its own Priest, and get 
pernfiis^ion from Sweden to have from there their own 
regularly called pastor. 

And now in as much as this has all been accom- 
plished, viz: That Penn's Neck congregation by the 
Highworthy Bishop Swedbergf s direction has become 
really separated from Christina, and his Honorworthi- 
ness Herr Lridenius is properly authorized to be their 
separate pastor, and the congregation have at their sole 
expense built their church and rectory, and purchased 
the requisite glebe for their minister without the least 
help from those on this side of the river. Therefore it 
was decided and resolved at this meeting as follows: 

ist. That the obligation was acknowledged as just, 
and that none of the Christina congregation could deny 
that such a transaction had taken place. 

2nd. Then the congregation came to the agreement 


that the money coming in for seats in the {a) vacant 
places should be delivered to the Churchwardens on the 
other side of the river, and received by them as a part 
of the payment of the debt. 

3rd. That the rest should be set down to the remain- 
der of the congregation, who shall pay it by their free 

The above propositions and resolutions were followed 
by some of the members subscribing their names to a 
promise to buy empty pews at Christina, but unluckily 
it has been found that many of the congregation are 
much more ready to promise than to fulfill those which 
they make, and so we can only rely upon the acknowl- 
edgment that the debt is a just one and should be 

After the close of the meeting every possible effort 
was made to collect for the payment of the debt to St. 
Georges' Church in Jersey, and from time to time the 
following named persons came in with their payments 
or promises. 

Mr. Carl Springer for a seat for his wife in the first 
quarter in the second pew on the main aisle, 2*5 o 

Peter Classon for his seat in the first quarter, fourth 
pew on the main aisle in Edward M&nson*s place, i 10 o 

Conrad Constantin for his seat in the first quarter, 
third pew on the main aisle in John Mink's place, i 13 9 

The following gave their free promise to St. Georges' congre- 
gation in Jarsey: 

Timotheus Lylofsson Stedham, 030 

Conrad Constantin, o 40 

Lucas Stedham, 050 

Erasmus Stedham, ' ^ S ^ 

Jonas Walraven, o 30 

Hindric Stedham, 030 

a. That is left by thosejon the other side.. 


Peter Palsson, at Whitely Creek, 030 

Peter Classon, 03 o 

Philip Van de Ver, 030 

Samuel Peterson j '^"^^"^ ^^ ^ ^'^ ^>' ^^^^ 

Jacob Van de Ver Jr. 1 , Van de Ver, o 10 o 

-' -^ I (over the nver) o 10 o 

June 27th. — Gustaf Giistafsson was chosen warden in 
place of Lucas Stedham Jr. 

July 20th. — The elders of the church subscribed the 
letter which Provost Hesselias in the name of the 
United Churches of Pennsylvania and New Jersey had 
drawn up to be sent over to Her Majesty the Queen in 
Sweden, at the first opportunity and reads as follows; 

Dear and Most Gracious Queen. 

Before your Royal Majesty's Exalted Throne we 
again presume to present our most humble thanks for 
the everflowing Royal fa vox which your Majesty in the 
most gracious \yriting to us, immediately at the 
beginning of your entrance upon the Government of the 
Kingdom of Sweden, most clemently was pleased to 
remember us with. 

Our littleness and unworthiness were indeed such as 
to discourage us from so nearly approaching the Royal 
Swedish Throne, if we had not already become so 
accustomed through so many years to receive so many 
innumerable rays of grace which therefrom have 
streamed not less upon us in this far distant place who 
have come to depend upon them, and next to God's 
grace to ascribe to the authorities of our Fatherland all 
our earthly and spiritual prosperity. 

But suffer us Most Gracious Queen to give expression 
to what at the same time is cause both of regret and joy, 
that we are utterly unable to explain our dutiful thank- 
fulness for your Royal Majesty's most valuable and free 


gift at the time of the coming of the Priests of a great 
number of bibles and books, as also your Royal Ma- 
jesty's gracious care for our continuance in uprightness 
of living, and promotion, and help thereof. 

It cannot but move every sincere christian conscience 
among us whom it may concern, but at the same time 
we see that it is the hand of the Most High God which 
leads your Royal Majesty's heart, notwithstanding our 
un worthiness, to so graciously promote our souls eternal 
salvation, and our gladness so exceeds our fear that we 
joyfully dare to promise before your Majesty, that the 
fruits of your Royal Majesty's exalted well-doing shall 
continually upbuild a pure Christianity and cause faith- 
ful prayers to God for your Royal Majesty's health, 
prosperity, a quiet and peaceful government with all 
possible success and welfare of the Royal House in par- 
ticular, and all our dear Fatherland in general. And 
to conclude, we shall reckon among our greatest joys to 
constantly remain until our dying hour. 
Most Gracious Queen, 
Your Royal Majesty's 

Obedient most humble servants 
and faithful intercessors. 

In behalf of the Swedish congre- 
gations in America. ' 

Wm. Stubby, 

Carl Christopher Springer, Jonas Walraven. 
Lucas Stedham, etc., etc., etc. * 

From Pennsylvania, 

the 20th July, 1720. 

In the month of July, Provost Hessellius promised to 
preach and conduct Divine service in English in St. 
James' Church at White Clay Creek, every 3d Sunday, 


he being requested- so to do by Mr. George Ross, the 
rector at New Castle, on the petition of many members 
of the English Church. 

A. D. 1720; November 13. — The Church Council met 
and it was resolved that Bskel Johansson should come 
to an agreement with the congregation for work done 
by him at the parsonage before the coming into the 
country of the Provost Hessellius. 

November 14. — Eskel Johansson with Mr. Jonas Wal- 
raven on his part, and Mr. Johan Von Culen on the part 
of the congregation, met to further consider Eskel's work 
they agreed that Eskel should have from the congrega- 
tion in payment both for that on the barn and the Priest 
house, leaving out the kitchen, once for all, nine pounds 
proclamation money, which the Church- wardens are to 
collect as soon as possible. 

In December the house on Pickering's land was built 
and tolerably well prepared for the occupation of the 
tenant on the Priest land. 

Record op Marriages 1720. 

1. Samuel Fink and Mrs. Alice Van de Ver, married January 
8th, with Governor's license. 

2. Johan William Lerchenzeiler and widow Margareta Van de 
Ver, married April 19th. 

3. Valentine Cock and widow Elizabeth Joransson, married 
April 20th. 

4. William Ver de Man and Miss Magdalena Petersson, 
married April 21st. 

5. Samuel Peterson and Kerstin M^kens, married May 26th. 

6. Pastor Hen# Samuel Hessellius and Miss Brita Leikan, 

married June 9th, by license. 

7. Israel Stalcop and Miss Sussanna Jaquett by license, 
married August 9th. 

8. Johnathan Kirk and Miss Mary Andersson, by license 
married August i6th. 


9. Johan Seeds and Miss Sara Jespersdotter Walraven, 
married August 22nd. 

10. William Kellam and Miss Mary Reynolds by license, 
married August 23rd. 

11. Edward Robinsson and Mrs. Elizabeth Petersson by license, 
married October i8th. 

12. Peter Pilsson of Sheephook and Miss Catharina Cock, 
married November ist. 

13. Hindrick Snicker and Miss Catharina Robinsson, married 
November 2nd. 

14. Jacob Jacobsson Van de Ver and Miss Margaret Minsson, 
married November 2nd. 

15. Johan Garr:sson Frill and Miss Anna PAlsson, married 
November 15th. 

Baptisms 1720. 

1. Provost Magister Hessellius and wife Sara's child Jonas, 
born January 7th, baptized January loth. 

2. Anders Vainan and wife Margareta's child Jacob, bom 
January i6th, baptized January 20th. 

3. Johan Wilder and wife Margareta's child William, born 
January 30th, baptized February 7th. 

4. John Colen and wife Kerstin's child Jacob, bom February 
2nd, baptized February 21st. 

5. Johannes M&nsson and wife Ingeborg's child Johannes, born 
March 4th, baptized March 8th. 

6. Peter Ja Quett and wife Marta's child Maria, born March 
12th, baptized March 19th. 

7. William Cock and wife Emy*s child Hanna, i year, 2 
months, 3 day old, baptized April. 

8. Gustaf Gustafsson and wife Kerstin*s child Susanna, bora 
March 25th, baptized April 3rd. 

9. Peter Classon and wife Walborg's chiM Johannes, bom 
April 2nd, baptized April loth. 

10. Joseph Cantrel and wife Catharina's child Hanna, bora 
March 20th, baptized AP^^ 15th. 

11. M4ns Gustafsson and wife Catharina 's child Jesper, bora 
May 22nd, baptized May 29th. 




12. Timotheus Irylofsson Stedham and wife Elizabeth's child 
Cornelius, bom May 22ad, baptized May 29th. 

13. Olof M nsson and wife Annika's child Abraham, bom 
June 7th, baptized June 12th. 

14. Gustaf Palsson Kilpos and wife Marta's child Peter, bom 
June 26th, baptized July 13th. 

15. The Quakers, Alphonsi Kirk and wife Abigail's son Jona- 
than, 21 years old, baptized in {a) St. James' Church, July loth. 

16. Stephen Cornelius and wife Wiliaminka's child Elizabeth, 
bom July 6th, baptized July loth. 

17. Gustaf Cock and wife Annika's child Andreas, bom May 
23rd, baptized July nth. 

18. Johannes de Poss and wife Hanna's child Thomas, bom 
May 12th, baptized August 21st. 

19. Samuel Stedham and wife Annika's child Jacob, born 
September 19th, baptized September 25th. 

20. Johan Bateman and wife Susanna's child William, some 
months old, baptized at St. James' Church, October 9th. 

21. Hans Jiirgen Smith and wife Maria's child Peter, bom 
October 12th, baptized October 14th. Sponsors, Herr Provost 
Eric Biork, absent in Sweden, in whose place answered the 
Provost and Pastor in Christina, Mr. Andreas Hessellius, Johan 
Oustafs' son and his wife Brita, Mrs. Maria Stalcop. 

22. Anders Loinan and wife Brita's child Andreas, bom 
November 2nd, baptized November 8th. 

23. Mr. Christiem Brynberg and wife Maria's child 
November 17th, baptized November 20th. 

24. Peter Meyer and wife Sara's child Aron, born November 
8th, baptized November 22nd. 

25. Abenezer Empson and wife Susanna's child Maria, bom 
.September 13, baptized November 9lh. 

26. Lucas Stedham Jr. and wife Ingeborg's child Maria, born 
December 2nd, baptized December 4th. 

27. Christopher ftollin and wife Elizabeth's child Eleanor 3 
months old, baptized December nth, at St. James church. 

s8. Hendrick Garissons and wife Kustin's child Johanney 
born December 14th baptized December 18th. 

29. William Maslander and wife Helekin's child Elizabeth, 
bom December 19th, baptized December 26th. 

The English Church at Stanton. 


30. James Walter and wife Elizabeth's child Elizabeth, bom 
December 22nd, baptized December 28th. 

Burials 17^0. 

1. Johan Gioding buried January 2nd. 

2. Christiem Brynberg's child Elizabeth buried January 29th. 

3. Anders Vainan's child Jacob buried February 23rd. 

4. Conrad Constantin*s wife Kerstin buried March 12th. 

5. Peter Ja Quett*s child Maria buried in Peter Ja Quetts 

orchard March 31st. 

6. Johannes de Foss* child Johannes buried April 19th. 

7. Samuel Barker buried July 25th. 

8. Anders Gustafson's daughter Brita 13)^ years old ,buried 
August 27th. 

A. D. 1721, January 13. — Mr. Charles Springer de- 
livered to the Provost Magister Hessellius the keys to 
the churchyard gates after he had finished all that was 
confided to him by the Herr Provost in Fahlun, Herr 
Eric Biork, to accomplish, viz : At his, the Herr Pro- 
vost's expense, he should with suitable pales enclose 
the churchyard after the congregation had provided the 
peedjed materials so as all is done and fulfilled to the 
satisfaction of the church. And also Mr. Springer had 
proQ^ised to in no manner burden Mr. Biork with any 
expense for what he or his sons had contributed in labor 
thereto, having done it for the service of the church and 
a testimony of love for his former teacher and freely 
given it all, that only excepted which was necessary to 
pay the carpenters in money and for the purchase of 
nails and for smithwork. 

June 24* — There was a general Parish meeting when 
after the consideration of certain points of resolutions of 
former meetings with regard to proper regulations in 
the congregation, 

1st. Philip Van de Ver was chosen to the Church 
Council in Johan Tossawa's place, who was considered 


by the Provost and the church to be unfit for that office, 
and so leaving to Philip Van de Ver the oversight of 
those who live over Brandywein that have not shown 
any signs of reformation from their drunkenness and un- 
christian lives, and their neglect of both church and 

2nd.^ Hindrick Stedham was dismissed from the office of 
Church- warden, and in his place Mr. Christian Brynberg 
was unanimously chosen. 

3rd. Timotheus Lylofsson Stedham was persuaded to 
continue in \he office of sexton for yet another year, with 
the understanding that each one pay him his two shil- 
lings a head, and that after notification at Easter, all 
shall pay in on the 4th day after Easter honestly. 

4th. Talkedabout the Priest's salary, for which to this 
date there had been no greater income than about the 
value of 4 pounds. 

The Churchwardens were directed to make a list of the 
young hearers and bring them to consider their teachers 
work, and afterwards give in a list of those who are 
behind in their dues, and earnestly demand the payment. 

5th. Talked about the roof of the church, and John 
Wilder promised as he had opportunity before the setting 
in of winter to roof both the gable ends, if the Church- 
wardens can come to an agreement with him. 

6th. Mr. Springer promised before the next court to 
have a deed made out for Jonas and Israel Stalcop, to 
lawfully make over the site of the church in court at 
New Castle, {a.) 

7th. The Churchwardens were instructed as fast as 
possible to gather in the money for the payment to the 
St. Georges' Church in Jarsey, according to the resolu- 
tion of last year's Parish meeting. 

{a.) The ground given by John Stalcop for half of the church to stand 
upon, etc., had never been legally deeded to the church. 


8th. It was promised that the east wall of the Priest's 
house should be clapboarded. 

9th. The tenant's house on the Priest land must be 
finished with floor, chimney and cellar. Lucas Lucasson 
Stedham promised to make the cellar. 

loth. Anders Gustafsson promised to saw plank for 
the kitchen cellar in the Priest's house, and whatever is 
needed more the congregation are willing to provide for. 

August 24th. The Provost's petition in the name of 
the church was given in to His Excellency Governor 
Keith against Edward Robinsson, which stands below. 

May it please your Excellency. 

I have had the honor to pass some few minutes in conversation 
with Col. French upon the point in dispute betwixt the Swedish 
Church upon Christeen and Edward Robinsson. I am very 
sensible of your Excellency 's great favor shown to me and the 
congregation committed to my care, in recommending an affair of 
so great importance to us to the consideration of a person who ia 
so able and willing to help the distressed. And as I do hereby, 
heartily thank your Excellency for the kind notice you were 
pleased to take of this affair when first laid before you, so I beg 
leave to address your Excellency for the continuance of your 
favors and countenance, to my further endeavors to put this 
matter in its proper and true light. To this end may it please 
your Excellency to recommead to two or more of the Magistrates 
in New Castle County to enquire into the several pretensions of 
the parties concerned in t\\e above affair, and so make them 
report to your Excellency as shall seem to them most consonant 
to truth and justice. And your petitioner will acknowledge so 
great a favor at the Heavenly Throne by praying constantly and 
earnestly for your health and happinc-ss. 

Your Excellency's 
Most humble and most obedient servant, 

Andrew Hesskluus. {a) 

October ist. — There was received from the society for 
the propagation of the gospel in foreign parts from Lon- 

a. This is in Bngrlish and exactly transcribed. 


don to the provost, Mr. Hessellius, of the following 
contents : 

London, May 8, 1721. 
Reverend Sir : 

The society for the propagation of the Gospel in 
foreign parts have received a representation from the 
clergy in Pennsylvania, setting forth among other things 
the good services you have done by reading prayers and 
preaching in the several vacant churches in Pennsyl- 
vania, and have ordered me to acquaint you that in con- 
sideration of your past labors they have presented you 
with the sum of 10 pounds for which you may draw on 
their treasurer.* They have also agreed to allow you ten 
pounds per annum in case you perform Divine service 
and preach in the English language in the several va- 
cant churches in Pennsylvania, at least twenty times in 
one year, and transmit over hither, proper certificates 

I am, Reverend Sir, 

Your most humble servant, 

David Humphreys, 


Record of Baptisms in Holy Trinity and St. James' (6) 

Churches, 1721. 

ist. Jeremy Ball and wife Mary's child, bom Dec. i6th, 1720, 
bapt. Jan. i, 1721. Sponsors, Thomas Ogle and Mary Ogle, {c) 

2nd. William Howd and wife Margareta*s child, Elizabeth, 
2 years and 3 months old, bapt. Jan. 29. 

3rd. Hans Petersson Smith and wife Elizabeth's child Maria, 
bom Jan. 26, bapt. Jan. 29. 

b. St. James, the English Church at Whiteley's Creek or White Clay 

c. This was an English family. 


4. M&rten Gustatsson and wife Brita's child Jonas, born Jan. 
25th, baptized Jan. 29th. 

5. MArten M&rtensson and wife Kerstin's child Jonas, born 
Jan. 31st, baptized Feb. 5th.. 

6. Jaiues Husten and wife Mary's child James, bom Jan. 29th, 
baptized Feb. 12th. 

7. Christopher Shligel and wife Mary's child Hanna, bom 
Feb. 6th, baptized March 5th in St. James' Church. 

8. Ambrosius Loodon and wife Brita's child Joseph, bom Mar. 
6th, baptized Mar. 12th. 

9. Samuel Peterson and wife Kerstin's child Maria, bom Mar. 
7th, baptized March 12th. 

10. Israel Petersson and wife Margaret' a' s child Anders, bom 
March 15th. baptized March 19th. ^ 

11. Johan Stalcop and wife Maria*s child Catharina, bom 
March 28th, baptized March 29th. 

12. Richard Enos and wife Susanna's child Susanna, bom 
Feb. 15th, baptized April 9th. 

13. Jacob Stille and wife Rebecca's child Elizabeth, bom April 
3d, baptized April loth. 

14. Jacob PAlsson and wife Mary's child Peter, bom April 8th, 
baptized April loth. 

15. Nicholas Bishop and wife Dorcas* child Susanna, bom Jan. 
24th, baptized May 7th. 

16. Jonas Stalcop and wife Judith's child Carl, bom May 8th, 
baptized May 14th. 

17. Joseph Barker and wife Johanna's child Samuel, bom 
March 30th, baptized May 21st. 

r8. James Robinson and wife Catharina' s child Phoebe, born 
April 15th, baptized May 28th. 

19. Morgan Morgan and wife Catharina' s child David, born 
May 12th, baptized May 28th. 

20. Cornelius Ja Quett and wife Maria's child Maria, bom June 
I St, baptized June 4 th. 

21. William Kellam and wife Mary's child Parthenia, bom 
June 13th, baptized June 15th. 

'22. Johan Montgomery and wife AnnaHallowday's child Anna 
1 year old, baptized June i8th. 


23. William McDonald and wife Mary's child Joseph, born 
April 24th, baptized June i8th. 

24. William Cleany and wife Maria's child Carolus, bom Jan. 
17th, baptized June 25th. 

25. Hindrick Stedham and wife Catharina's child Hindrick, 
bom June 20th, baptized June 25th. 

26. Erasmus Stedham and wife Helen's child Maria, bom June 
23d, baptized June 25th. 

27. Anders Stalcop and wife Barbro's child Philip, bom Jane 
2oth, baptized June 25th. 

28. Michael Meyer and wife Anna's child Margareta, bom 
June 13th, baptized July 5th. 

29. Israel St^cop and wife Susanna's child Johan, bom July 
3d, baptized July 6th. 

30. George Reed and wife Sara's child Sara, bom June nth, 
baptized Aug. 6th. 

31. Johan Garretsson and wife Anna's child. Anna bom August 
baptized August 13th. 

32. Jacob Van de Ver and wife Maria's child Catliarina, bom 
August 20th, baptized August 27th. 

33. Peter Palsson and wife Catharina's child Pawel, bom 
August 14th, baptized August 27th. 

34. Jesper Walraven and wife Maria's child Maria, bom Aug- 
ust 24th, baptized August 27th. 

35. William Forehead and wife Maria's child Maria, bom Aug. 
13, baptized Sept. 24, 

36. William Cann and wife Jane's child, William, 9 weeks 
old, baptised Oct. i. 

37. Thomas Perry and wife Mary's child Samuel, 4 weeks old. 
baptized in Great Arundal county, Maryland, Nov. 3. 

38. Joathan Kirk and wife Mary's child James, 3 weeks old, 
baptized Nov. 19. 

39. Joseph Champion and wife Mary's child, Mary, bom Oct. 
20, baptized Dec. 10. 

40. Sanders McDuel and wife Jane's child Mary, 5 weeks old, 
baptized Dec. 31. 

Burials 1721. 
I. Ambrosius London's wife Brita, buried March 16. 


2. Ambxpsius London's child, Joseph, bom' March 6, buried 
March 29. 

3. Johan Seed's wife Sara, buried April 4. 

4. Jonas Stalcop's wife Judith, buried June 15. 

5. Michel Meyer's child Margareta, buried July 11. 

6. Erasmus Stedham's child, Maria, buried July 18. 

7. Hindrick Garrisson's son, buried November 13. 

8. Ambrosius Irondon, buried December 4. 

9. John Wilder's child, William, buried December 16. 

A. D. 1722, January 31. — The Provost Magister Hes- 
sellius and and Mr. Springer, in accordance with His 
Excellency, the Governor's resolution upon the petition 
presented by the Provost met at Brandewein Ferry with 
Col. French, Robert Gordon and Jam es Robinsson, Esqs., 
to examine into the case of the church against Edward 
Robinsson, with respect to the church land which the late 
Aaron Johansson had willed to the Christina Church, and 
after hearing the verbal statements from both sides, Col. 
French asked of the Provost and Edward Robinsson the 
documents and writings of both through which the claims 
of both sides could be clearly understood, with the as- 
surance that he would return them whenever the parties 
should wish them, when he with the other commission- 
ers had given in their opinion to the Governor and there- 
upon had received the final decision of the Governor. 
Whereupon the documents were left in the hands of the 
Colonel. But the just God only knows if anything more 
will be done in this case, or any writing or documents be 

March 5th. — Jonas Stedham brought to the P|iest 
house 5 apple trees and 6 peach trees which he planted. 

March 9. — Philip Van de Ver brought 4 apple trees 
to the Priest house which he planted. 

March 13. — Paul Paiilsson from Whitler's Creek brou 
ght 8 apple trees to the Priest house and planted them. 


March 21. — Gustaf Gustafsson brought 6 apple trees 
and two cherry trees and planted them. 

August 14. The church yard at Christina was sur- 
veyed and staked out with al! that belongs to it outside 
of the paling, as well their own lane from the large 
church yard gates up to Jonas Stalcop's lane, which all 
was done with Jonas and Isaac Stalcop's assent and 
agreement, in accordance with the previous agreement 
betwixt the congregation and their late father Johan 
Stalcop, of Christina, which can be seen in the former 
church book.^ Some time afterward a deed was drawn for 
this property by the parties concerned, which in the New 
Castle court was legally sealed and confirmed. 

November 11. The Highworthy Bishop Swedberg's, 
calling home, the Provost Magister Andreas Hessellius 
was received, which was dated Brunsbo, June 22, 1722, 
the contents being the xollowing: 

Honorworthy Herr Provost and Brother-in-Law. 

In these days I have received Herr Brothe-in-law's 
letter which was a year old, and am glad to learn of 
your good health. I now write to his Royal Majesty 
that I call Herr Brother-in-law and Herr Abraham 
Lidenius home to Sweden, and I doubt not His Majesty 
is pleased therewith, and will gladden you with proper 
and suitable positions, so set out upon that call in the 
Lord's name on your journey home again. God will pro- 
vide the subtituted offering, and so will come the Herr 
Provost's brother, Herr Samuel to a better situation. 

And Magister Lidman being nearest to the most 
important congregation consequently must succeed to it 
Whereof Herr Brother-in-law and teacher must manage 
as he judges best, so that the congregations shall all have 
suitable soul 9are, and no wrong done to any. If there 


is need of another Priest inform me, and to which 
church he should come. How in other respects it goes 
here, and how it is with your dear relatives, I leave now to 
your brother the Herr Doctor to write to you, greet your 
church whom may God keep and bless contiually. I 
shall procure more books for you if I live. In God's faith- 
ful keeping I remain steadfastly, 

Honorworthy Herr Provost and Brother-in-law's, 

Ready fo Service Servant, 


December 12. The Pastor Herr Samuel Hessellius 
came to Christina with his household. 

December 22.. There was a meeting of the Church 
Council, when the Pastor Herr Samuel Hesselius de- 
clared his intention to take up his abode in Ratkong 
creek congregation, and at the same time laid before the 
congregation five points which should be fulfilled if they 
expected to have and keep any Priest from Sweden. 

I St. Show their uprightness in paying their Priest's 
salary, which for many years stands unpaid, with a col- 
lection for honorable help on his journey home of Prov- 
ost Magister Hessellius. 

2. "To repair the parsonage house before a Priest can 
go in and live there, especially the east wall clapboard- 
ing, improving the cellar, and flooring the kitchen. 

3. They ought to know whether the congregation or 
Edward Robinsson own Bread and Cheese Island. 

4. The congregation ought to be bound for a season- 
able Priest's salary. 

5. The congregation ought to be discharged from its 
debt over the river, (a) 

(a) This is the true translation, but I suspect what he meant was that they 
ooght to pay it and have it off. 


Marriages, 1722. 

1. Joseph Pears to Mary Jackson, married Jan. 4th. 

2. James Jordan to Hanna Brackin. married Feb. 2nd. 

3. John Butcher to Sara Atkinson, married Aug. 15th. 

4. Jonas Skagen to Annika Stedham, married Nov. ist. 

5. Van Holland to Sara Nicholas,married by Governor's license 
Nov. 13th. 

Record of Baptisms in the Churches op Christina, St. 

James (d) and Appoquinimink, (d) 1722. 

1. George Jackson and wife Onar's daughter Mary, 20 years 
old, baptized January ist. 

2. Olof M nsson and wife Anna's child Susanna, bom Decem- 
ber 27th, 1 72 1, baptized January' 6th. 

3. Henry Bradley and wife Catharina's child Elizabeth, 6 weeks 
old, baptized January 21st. 

4. Johan Wilder and wife Margaretta's child William, bom 
January 27th. baptized January 28th. 

5 and 6. Anders Cock and wife Sara's children Adam and Cath- 
arina, bom January 31st, baptized Februiry 9th. 

7. Johannes Manson and wife lugeborg's child Maria, bom 
February loth, baptized February 14th. 

8. Johan Culen and wife Kerstin's child Anders, bom February 
5th, baptized February i8th. 

9. Johan Didrick Elrod and wife Sara's child George Arendt, 
one month old,baptized in Appoquinimink Church, *March 4th. 

JO. Johan Cassel and wife Christina's child Johan, bom Janu- 
ary' 25th, baptized in Appoquinimink Church March 4th. 

11. Edward Hawkins and wife Ester's child Mary, bom Feb- 
ruary 28th, baptized in Appoquinimink, March 4th. 

12. George Williams and wife Sara's child Richard, bom Jan 
uary 14th, baptized in Appoquinimink, March 4th. 

13. Peter Mansson and wife Margareta's child James from St. 
Georges, born January 3rd, baptized at Appoquinimink, March 

14. William Monroe and wife Catharina's child Mary in St. 
Georges, 4% years old, baptized at Bohemia at Isaac Von 
Bebber's, March 5th. 

(b) Bngrlish churches. *Often spelt Apoqninimy. 


15. Christopher Stedham and wife Haana's child Johan, 6 
weeks old, baptized April 8th. 

1 6. Joseph Cox and wife Mary's child Richard, i% years old, 
baptized April 28th. 

17. Samuel Bushell and wife Alki's daughter Susanna, 14 
years old, baptized at Bohemia, April 28th. 

18. Samuel Bushell and wife Alki*s daughter Catharina, 11)^ 
years old, baptized at Bohemia, April 28th. 

19. Samuel Bushell and wife Alki*s daughter liiagdalena, g^ 
years old, baptized at Bohemia, April 28th. 

20. Samuel Bushell and wife Alki's danghter Ann, 6% years 
old, baptized at Bohemia April 28th. 

21. Samuel Bushel and wife Alki*s child Mary, bom June 14th, 
1720, baptized April 28th at Bohemia. 

22. Johan Miller and wife Dorothy's child Killian, bom Janu- 
ary 8th, 1720, baptized in Bohemia, April 28th. 

23. Johan Miller and wife Dorothy's child Johan, bom Novem- 
ber 8th, baptized April 28th at Bohemia. 

24. Johan Sterling and wife Mary's child Rachel, 3% years old, 
baptized September 28th at Bohemia, 

25. Henry Skail and wife Alki's child Peter, 3X years old, 
baptized April 28th at Bohemia. 

26. Richard McCary and wife Esther's daughter Jane, 1 3 years 
and 4 months old, baptized April 29th at Bohemia. 

27. Johan Smith and wife Charity's child Mary, 13 months 
old, baptized at Appoquinimink, April '29th. 

28. Henry Skail and wife Alki's child Catharina, 16 months 
old, baptized May 27th at Bohemia. 

29. Johan Bonny and wife Mary's child Johan, 1% years old, 
baptized at Appoquinimink, May 27th. 

30. Marten Sher andwife Maria's child Kerstin, bom October 
2ist, 1 72 1, baptized May 27th at Appoquinimink. 

31 * Johan Stout and wife Anna's child Cornelius, bom 
December 2nd, 1721, baptized May 28th. 

32. Augustin Cock and wife Anna's child Johan, bom May 
26th, baptized May 28th. 


33. lyucas Stedham and wife In^^eborg's child Susanna, born 
January 28th, baptized July ist. 

34. Peter Classon and wife Walborg's child Anna, bom June 
24th, baptized July ist. 

35. David Enoch and wife Helena's child Andreas, 6 months 
old, baptized July ist. 

30. Michal Meyer and wife Anna's child Maria, bom July 3rd, 
baptized July 5th. 

37. Johan Hay ward and wife Margaretta Howel's child Rachel, 
bom April 5, I721 baptized July 5, 1722. 

38. Mr. Dyer's child Henry, baptized at Appoquinimink, July 

39. Johan Orchard and wife Margaretta' s child Mary 3 
months old, baptized at Appoquinimink, July 8th. 

40. James Haley and wife Eleonora's child Mary, 3 months 
old, baptized at Appoquinimink, July 8th. 

41. Marten Scottman and wife Elizabeth's child Mary, 6 
months old, baptized July 8th. 

42. Joseph Almond and wife Margaretta's son Solomon, 28 
years old, baptized at Christina July 15th. 

43. Henry Stedham and wife Catharina's child Margaretta, 
bom July 29th, baptized August 5th. 

44. Mans Gustafson and wife Catharina's child Sara, bom 
August 3rd, baptized August 5th. 

45. Aben Ezer Empson and wife Susanna's child Rebecca, 
bom September 14th, baptized September 23rd. 

46. Samuel Petersson and wife Kerstin's child Elizabeth, bom 
September 23rd, baptized Semptember 30th. 

47. Christian Brynberg and wife Maria's child Peter, born 
September 26th, baptized September 30th. 

48. Sara Meyer's illegitimate child Jonathan, born October 2nd, 
baptized October nth. 

49. Philip Van de Ver and wife Elizabeth's child Tobias, bom 
October 6th, baptized October 14th. 

50. Robin Bird and wife Mary's child Rebecca, bom October 
13th, baptized October 21st. 


51. Christopher Springer and wife Catharina's child Carol us 
bom October 25th, baptized October 28th. 

52. Thomas Harper and wife Elizabeth's child James bom 
December ist, baptized December 2nd in Bohemia. 

53. Jacob Stille and wife Rebecca's child Margaretta, bom 
December i8th. baptized December 23rd. 

54. Johan Seed and wife Brita's child Joseph, born Decembe, 
22nd, baptized December 25th. 

55 Job Hill and wife Mary's child M>iry,.born October 8th, 
baptized December 30th at Appoquinimink. 

56. Adam Leicestner and wife Magdalena*s child Johannes, 
bom November 29th, baptized December 31st, at Bohemia. 

57. Donald Kirkpatrick, and strumpet Mary Tib's illegitimate 
child Adam, 2 weeks old, baptized December 31st, at Bohemia. 

58. Hans George Smith and wife Mary's child Johan, bom 
December 2Sth. baptized December 30th. 

Burials, 1722. 

1. Henry Garrisson, Jr., buried January loth. 

2. Widow Brita Dun ken, buried January 13th. 

3. Sara Reinhold, buried January 24th. 

4. Henry Garrisson Jr's. son Hindrick, buried February 4th. 

5. Johan Tossawa, buried Marcn 25 th. 

6. Johan Garrisson, buried April 6th. 

7. Olof Tossiwa, buried April 25th. 

8. Hindric Hindricssou's daughter Anna, buried May 9th. 

9. Mr. Aben Ezer Empsson's child Rebecca, buried September 

A. D 1723. In March the Priest house was repaired 

with clapboarding and a new porch made and the cellar 

floored. Those who have labored thereon are Mr. 

Springer, Erasmus Stedham, Lucas Stedham, Anders 

Gustafsson, Mans Gustafsson, Marten Gustafsson, Johan 

Gustaf, Timotheus Lylofsson Stedham, Mr. Jesper Wal- 

raven, Brewer Seneke, Johan MSrtensson, Gustafs- Gus- 

tafsson, Anders Cock, Johan Von Culen, Cornelius Ja 

Quett, and at the same time Mr. Christiem Brynberg 


gave for the Priest land thirty apple trees which he 
planted himself in the orchard. 

April 2nd. A general Parish meeting was held on the 
Old Land in the presence of all the Swedish Priests, 
namely: Provost Magister Andreas Hessellius, pastor in 
Jarsey Herr Abraham Lidenius pastor at Wicacoe, 
Magfister Jonas Lidman and the pastor Samuel Hessel- 
lius. When after some consideration of due and neces- 
sary care for the soul cleansing of the congregation with 
the better support of .the pastor in the future, all the 
members of the church bound themselves to remain 
faithfully together with yearly paying to their lawful 
pastor so much salary as their writing hereto attached 
stipulates for. 

July 28. Erasmus Stedham was elected Churchwarden 
instead of Gustaf Gustafsson. 

In August, Provost Hesselius and Herr Abraham 
Lidenins received a letter of testimony and recommen- 

dation from the English Priests which reads as follows: 


We the clerg\- of the Province of Pennsylvania having 
had long experience of the great worth and unquestion- 
able abilities of the Rev. Mr. Andreas Hessellius and 
the Rev. Mr. Abraham Lidenius who are now to return 
from these American parts into their native land, do beg 
leave to add to our prayers to Almighty God for their 
safe arrival, this publick mark and testimony of our most 
sincere regard and fraternal affection for them. We 
and our above mentioned Reverend brethren have had 
the pleasure and satisfaction to live together in great 
harmony from the first of our acquaintance to this very 
moment, and we may truly say the more we knew them 
the fonder we grew of their society. They were always 
welcome to our pulpits as we were to theirs. Indeed, so 


great was our mutual agreement in doctrine and wor- 
ship, and so constant were they in attending our conven- 
tions, that there was no visible discirmination between 
us, but what proceeded from the different languages 
wherein, they and we were bound to officiate. 

They often preached in English with general applause 
and good success, yet without the least diminution of 
* their care and vigilance over their own particular flocks 
whose circumstances, being generally speaking, but nar- 
row, OUT brethren had an opportunity given them of 
being instructed how to be abased and suffer need 

The Honorable Society for propagating the Gospel 
afforded them of late some assistance in consideration of 
their care for the vacant churches among us, and the 
favors showed them upon that occasion is a fair pre- 
ludial, we hope of their attaining also in process of time 
to know how to abound. We should be heartily sorr>' 
to part with so agreeable and useful fellow laborers if 
we were not sure that the design of calling them home 
is to move them into a higher sphere for the greater 
good of the church. We believe them to be fully quali- 
fied for the promotion, as persons no way inferior, with 
submission we speak it to any of their predecessors, 
missionaries from Swedland, in anything that is tiuly 
praiseworthy, either in wisdom, zeal, piety or diligence, 
such we know their endowments to be and from this 
our knowledge doe heartily recommend our venerable 

First, to the Divine favor and protection and then to 
the good will and esteem of all that love our Lord Jesus 
Christ in sincerity. 


Given under our hands at New Castle, the 23d day ot 
April, 1723. 

Geo. Ross, at New Castle, 
in Pensilvania. 
John Humphreys, Minister, 
of Chester, Pensilvania. 
Wm. Becket, Missionary at 
Lewes, in Pensilvania. 

The 14th Sunday after Trinity, which was Septem- 
ber 15th, Pastor Herr Provost Magister Andreas Hes- 
selius preached for the last time here in Christina 
Church, when he took a quite loving and affecting 
leave of his church and left the congregation to Pastor 
Herr Samuel Hesseliuswith the sincere and earnest wish 
that God, from whom come all grace and gifts, will give ' 
him the grace of the Spirit to fill the important oflSce 
and trust in this church. After the close of Divine ser- 
vice there was read to the congregation and then sub- . 
scribed by the elders, a letter which the pastor at Wica- 
coe, Herr Magister Jonas Lidman had written in the 
name of the congregation in Christina, to be sent over 
to the High worthy Herr Bishop Jesper Swedberg, by the 
Herr Provost Magister Andreas Hesselius, and read as 

Most Highworthy Doctor and Bishop and Very 
Gracious Father: 

Highworthy Father and Bishop, we humbly present 
our thankfulness to you who have always taken upon 
yourself such fatherly oare for our spiritual soul cleans- 
ing, and not only sent us faithful and praiseworthy 
teachers who have left no pains unspared to promote 
the welfare of our souls, but also through God's grace 
induced the high authority- in Sweden to send over to 
us many Godly and excellent books. May God who is 


the rewarder of all good deeds, be pleased to kindly re- 
ward you for these services. And as now through God's 
Divine Providence, through the Highworthy Father and 
Bishop's instrumentality our faithful soulcarer, the Pro- 
vost, the honorworthy and highly learned Herr Magis- 
ter Andreas Hesselius has been called home to minister 
to another chlirch at home in the Fatherland, and so 
taken leave of us, not without our heart's* great sorrow 
and regret, we live: in humble confidence that it shall 
please the Highworthy Father and Bishop to fatherly 
look out for his good, because God the Most High has 
put the Most Highworthy Father and Bishop in such 
a position, that the Most Highworthy Father and 
Bishop can promote his welfare and prosperity. The 
Herr Provost Hesselius has been to us a faithful shep- 
herd, who with care sought and fed his sheep, and never 
left anything back which could help to win a soul. He 
has neglected nothing that could be for our profit, but 
held on in season and out of season, corrected, con- 
strained and admonished with mildness and discretion. 
And that such efforts might have the more effect he let 
his light shine before us by a righteous, honorable 
Christly walk — yea, as a lighted candle that bums of it- 
self, consumes itself, but shines for the benefit of others, 
so are we convinced in our consciences that he so con- 
ducted himself with us. In conclusion we most meekly 
beg that it may please the most highworthy Herr Father 
and Bishop in accordance with his customary favor and 
watchfulness, to have over this church a fatherly eye, and 
still in the future furnish us jvith faithful teachers for 
our souls guidance. 

We shall so long as we live beseech God with faithful 
prayers and sighs for the Most Highworthy Herr Father 


and Bishop's constant health and soundness of body, 
and to our dying hour remain 

The Most High worthy Herr Father and Bishop's 

Most Humble Servants. 

Church Council of Christian Congregation, 

Carl Christopher Springer, Conrad Constant in, 

Mdns Gustaf, Jacob Van de Ver, 

John Culen, Philip Van de Ver, 

Jonas Walraven, Lucais Stedham. 

MARRIAGES, 1 783. 

1. Gustaf Pdlsson and Sara Thomas, married Januaty 23. 

2. Anders Pillsson and Elizabeth Berry, married February 21. 

3. Richard Gamsson and Jane Carter, Government License, 
married February &4. 

4. Thomas Scott and Catharina Justis, married July 30. 

5. Peter Cordreat and Elizabeth Owin,in Appoquinimink with 
license, married Aug^ist 4. 

6. Anders Hindricksson and Maria Hindricksson, married 
November 6. 

7. Lylof Stedham and Anna Garrisson, married Nov. 12. 

8. Thomas West and Kerstin Tossawa, married November 20. 

9. William Ahdersson and Rachael Marten in New Castle, 
married November 21. 

10. Michael Hamelin and Margareta Stannings, married No- 
vember 26. 

1 1 . Johan Parker and Maria Rees at New Castle, married No- 
vember 27. 

12. Caleb Hall and Helena Hooker, married November 29. 

BuRiAivS 1723. 

1. Adam Stedham, buried January 9th. 

2. Peter Mansson in St. Georges, buried January 29th. 

3. Israel Petersson's child Hance, buried March 14th. 

4. Peter Mansson in Bokton, buried July 14th. 

5. Peter Mansson in Bokton, son Bengt, buried July i8th. 

6. Johannes MAnsson's son Petrus, buried August 17th. 

7. Israel Petersson's child Susanna, buried September 13th. 

8. Jesper Walraven's wife Maria, buried Nov. 12. 


9. James Seneke*s widow Darkish, buried November 13. 

10. Margareta Stalcop's illegitemate child Joseph, bnned 
November 21st. 

Baptisms in Christina and Appoquinimink. 

1. The Provost Magister Andreas Hessellius and wife Sara's 
child Mana, bom Januarv ist, baptized January 6th. 

2. Garret Garrisson and wife Esther's child Elizabeth, ^ year 
old, baptized January 13th. 

3. George Hugel's negress Alki's daughter Anna, a mulatto, 
20 years old. baptized February 3d. ^ 

4. Peter Palsson and wife Catharina's child Andreas, bom Jan- 
uary 2ist, baptized February 3d. 

5.'M&rten M4rtensson and wife Kerstin's child Andreas, bom 
March i ith, baptized March 15th. 

6. William Cock and wife Emy's child Margareta, born Janu- 
ary 20th, 1722, baptized March 14th, 1723. 
..> 7. Johan Cla3rton and wife Rosamunda*s child Joseph, in Appo- 
uuimink, 2 months old. baptized March 24th. 

8. Johan Sap and .wife Martha's child Johan, in Apoquinimink 

4 months old, baptized March 24th. 
- *i. ' * -. - 

9. The pastor Herr Samuel Hessellius and wife Brita's child 

Anna 'Maria, bom April 8th, baptized April 12th. 

10^ Israel Stalcopand wife Susanna's child Maria, bom April 
20tli, Wptized April 28th. 

11. Gustaf Gustafsson and wife Kerstin's child Christina, bom 
May 8th, baptized May 12th. 

12. Hans Smith and wife Elizabeth's child Catharina, bom 
May 28th, baptized June 2d. 

13. Peter Mdnsson and wife Annika's child Maria, bom June 
3d, baptized June 5th. 

14. Jonas Skagen and Elizabeth Kent's illegitimate child Wil- 
liam about 2 years old, baptized June lOth. 

15. Jonathan Kirk and wife ^fary's child Elizabeth, bom 
January i ith, baptized January 26th. 

16. Edward Jones and wife Mary's child Elizabeth, in Appo- 
quinimink, bom May 8th. baptized June 23rd. 


17. Timotheus Stedham'and wife Elizabeth's child Lylof, bom 
July 2nd, baptized July 7th. 

18. Morten Gustafsson and wife Brita's child Andreas, bom 
July 9th, baptized July 12th. 

19. Israel Petersson and wife Margareta's child Susanna, bom 
July loth, baptized July 14th. 

20. Peter Holsten and wife Sara's child Maria, 2 months old, 
baptized July 21st at Appoquinimink. 

21. William Hacket and wife Sara's datlghter Prudence, bom 
in Sussex County, 16 years old, baptized July 27th, at Appo- 

22. Carl Springer, Jr., and wife Margareta's child Maria, bom 
July 25th. baptized July 28th. 

23. Benjamin AUmond and wife Rachel's child Susanna, sH 
years old, baptized at Appoquinimink, August 4th. "^ 

24. Gabriel Clemens and wife Sara's child Joseplit, in Elk 
River, bom April 12th, baptized August nth. 

25. Johan Stalcop and wife Maria's child Ericus, bom August 
15th baptized August i8th. Sponsors, The Provost in 'Pahlun, 
Herr Eric Biork, in whose place stood the Provost Mag^ster 
Andreas Hessellius. ---■ 

26 and 27. Samuel Griffin and wife Margareta's sons at Dock 
Creek, William 18 years old, James 15 years old, baptized at 
Appoquinimink Church, September 1st. ^. 

28. George Von Culen and wife Margareta's child Helena, bora 
55eptember 7th, baptized September 13th. 

29. Anders Ivoinan and wife Annika's child Johan, bom 
September nth, baptized September 15th. 

30. Jonas Skaggin and wife Annika's child Johan, bom 
September nth, baptized vSeptember J 5th. 

31. Olle Pfilsson and wife Elizabeth's child Jacob, bom Sep* 
tember loth. baptized September 22nd. 

32. William Clenny and wife Maria's child Jane, bom Sep- 
tember 23rd, baptized September 29th. 

34. Jesper Wal raven an3 wife Maria's child Jesper, bom 
October 17th, baptized October 20th. 

35. Johan Culen and wife Kerstin's child Christina, bom 
October 20th. baptized October 27th. 


36. Israel Robbesson and wife Elizabeth's child Anna, born 
November 20th, baptized November 27th. 

37. Andreas Stalcop, Sr. and. wife Anna Barbrie's child Maria 
Christina, bom November 29th, baptized December ist. 

38. Johan Wilder and wife Margareta*s child Richard, born 
December 12th, baptized December 15th. 

39. Anders P&lsson and wife Elizabeth's child Tobias, bom 
December 9th, baptized December 15th. 

1723, Oct. 8. — A letter from the High worthy Bishop 
to the Swedish Priests in Pennsylvania, was received and 
read as follows: 
Honorworthy Priest-men in the Swedish Churches in 


I have not for a year and a day received any letters 
from you, nor have I yet had any conversation with my 
son Jesper Swedberg since his return home, because of 
my attendance at the present session of the Diet in 
Stockholm. I hope that all is going on well. I wrote 
the last year that one of you at least should in the Ivord's 
name return home, and there is now a good opportunity 
for him to get a good appointment. Is he minded to 
come home 01 is he on his journey? if so, he may have 
stopped in London, England, to serve the Swedish con- 
gregation there, while Magister Norberg journeys home 
to bury his deceased father in BorShs. ,I^t me know 
your present state and also the condition of the churches. 
I fonnerly requested the Herr Provost Magister Andreas 
Hessellius that he would after a time, describe America 
with the inhabitants, both heathen and christians, 
their religious worship, politics, housekeeping, etc., 
etc. Such a history would be an interesting and desira- 
ble book. 

I give you here a part of what his Royal Majesty has 
been pleased to resolve. 

His Royal Majesty's resolution upon Bishop Dr. Swed- 


berg's respectful memorial concerning the following 
business and errands, given at Stockholm, April ist, 
1721. * 

No. 3. As regards the requested Magister title for 
the Provost in Fahlun, Eric Biork and the Provost in 
Hedehiora, Anders Sandall, and that they may be ex- 
cused from the presiding in the Priest meeting. 

So will his Royal Majesty for the sake of the causes 
alleged in the memorial graciously assent thereto, and 
in like manner bestow the title of Magister on the 
preachers Abraham Lidenins and Samuel Hessellius, 
who now for a time have charge of the Sweedish churches' 
in America. 

His Royal Majesty, when a proper opportunity shall 
occur later for preferment here at home in the kingdom 
will graciously remember them. 

No. 5. The eight pieces of Jubilee Medals which are 

asked for, for two here and four in America, preaching 

with also two for the two Swedish schoolmasters. 

His Royal Majesty has left to the disposition of the 



(l. s.) 

This must b^ written down in your church book as 
you have been reminded of heretofore. I cannot think 
of anything more in my hurry, except that at the first 
opportunity I will send you some pslam and other books. 
I am also at work to get more bibles for you, God 
strengthen you and the churches in all good, and deliver 
from all evil, so wishes with all his heart. 

Stockholm, May 14,1723, Your Honorworthiness, 

P. S. — The congregation Ready for service 

is earnestly greeted. and dutiful servant. 

Jesperus Swedberg. 


October 1723. Some members of the congregation 
were at the parsonage and took an affectionate farewell 
of the Provost Hesselius their faithful teacher, and 
heartily wished him and his family a safe and prosper- 
ous journey home, which was this day undertaken. The 
Provost ordered on his departure that the cook iron 
which he had left at the parsonage should remain as an 

October 20th. — John Hanson Stellman has recently 
been at Mr. Carl Springer's and claimed that Christina 
congregation owed him 220 pounds, which is a great 
untruth. The same debt was long ago paid in the time 
of Herr Eric Biork's ministrj' which his church book 
planly shows. Therefore Mr. Springer with three of the 
Church Council, viz; Jonas Walraven, Jacob Vande Ver 
and Philip Van de Ver, went and examined *all the 
receipts given by John Hanson Stellman, as many as 
could be found, which receipts had heretofore been in 
the care of Mr. Springer, and it was found that the debt 
had been justly and entirely paid, and that he has no 
claim on the congregation, but is endeavoring to do 
them a great wrong, Mr. Springer then gave all the 
receipts into the hands of the pastor Samuel Hesselius 
to be taken care of 

October 22nd. — Some members of the congregation 
came to the parsonage at the request of Mr. Hesselius, 
and built a hen and goose house close to the garden, and 
repainted the roof of the barn and made sundry other 
slight repairs on the property, and also cut wood for the 

December 25th. — The Church Council and Church- 
wardens were requested to meet after the close of Divine 
service at the parsonage, and it was resolved, 


I St. That the Churchwardens should collect what was 
unpaid on the pews, and that all those who would not 
pay for their pew room before the 15th of March, should 
forfeit them entirely. 

2nd. It was resolved that the Church land off in the 
woods should be sold at the first opportunity and not 
longer ly useless to the church: The Council decid- 
ing that it would be better to sell the land, and put out 
the money at interest, or buy a negro for service. 

3rd. That none should remain in the Council over 
one year, and that the Churchwardens should not be so 
worn out and dilatory with the duties of their oflSce, but 
be more efficient and diligent in their wardenship. 


A. D. 1724, Januar}' nth. — Mr. Jonas Walraven pre- 
sented an ewe as an inventarium for the priest land. 

January 15th. — The Church Council met, and it was 
resolved that the church laud up in the woods should 
be sold for 40 £^ and Lucas Stedliam, Jr., said that he 
would buy it at that price, and he was given fourteen 
days time to make up his mind. 

F'eb. 10. Because Lucas Stedham was unstable and 
would not stand to his bargain, the church land was sold 
to vSeeds for 40;^, payment to be made February' loth, 


April 6th. Timotheus Lylofsson Stedham resigned as 
sexton in favor of Anders I^inan, who was chosen. 

July 15th. Israel Petersson Sen., presented as a free gift 
to the church a pair of brass cadlesticks. 

July 27th. Timotheus Lylofsson Stedham was chosen 
Churchwarden in the place of Erasmus Stedham, and 
Peter Classou in place of Christiern Brynberg. 


October 26th. William Cleany gave 500 shingles for 
covering the roof of the bam at the parsonage, and 
Churchwardens Timotheus Stedham and Peter Classon 
brought them to the place. 

November 4th. A negress named Peggy was bought 
for the parsonage with the money received for the priest 
land which was sold, and as the cost of her was 45;^ 
and there was but 40;^ from the sale of the land, pastor 
Hessellius added 5;^ of his own money. 

As the pastor finds it very necessary and important 
jthat a horse and cow stable should be built at the par- 
'' sonage, and the old barn newly covered with shingles, he 
requested the members of the congregation to begin the 
work at once, which they considering just, fixed on a 
convenient time to do it, and the work was finished the 
5th of December, The pastor at his own expense fur- 
nished food and drink for the laborers and gave besides 
twelve days work. 

The following persons after a short time paid for their 
pew room : Peter Classon for his wife's pew room paid 
2£^ Jonas Stedham for his wife's 2£^ Philip Van de Ver 
paid for his pew room by work on the church roof, which 
amounted to i;^, 10 shillings, Israel Petersson pewroom 
for himself and wife 5;^, Garret Garrisson for his pew 
room i;^ 10 shil. N. B. — Timotheus Lylofsson Sted- 
ham's wife sits in the last pew on the main aisle, which 
pew has been paid for by Timotheus Stedham 's father, 
as can be proved by witnesses. 

^APTisMs 1724. 

1. Olle Mdosson and wife Annika*s child Cartharina, bom 
January 2, baptized January 5. , 

2. Cornelius La Quett and wife Maria's child Johannes, bom 
December 26 1723, baptized January 12. 


3. Elizabeth Ibard 's illegitimate child Emmy, mulatto Ig^rl 
bom November 12, 1723 baptized January 19. 

4. Hendrick Stedham and wife Catharina's child Maria, bom 
January 21, baptized January 23. 

5 . Lucas Stedham Jr. and wife Ingeborg's child Feb- 
ruary 24, baptized March i. 

6. Jan Seeds and wife Brita's child Maria, bom February 25, 
baptized March 1 . 

7. Robin Bird and wife Maria's child Susanna, bom March 2^ 
baptized March 8. 

8. William Allen and wife Margaret's child Johan, bom Feb- 
ruary 23, baptized March 15. 

9. Johan Woodland and Gen Garden's illegitimate child 
Johan, bom April 25,1723, baptized March 15. 

10. Jonas Stalcop and wife Helena's child Elizabeth, 6 weeks 
old, baptized March 29. 

11. Lylof Stedham and wife Anna's child, bom March 23, 
baptized March 29. 

12. William Verdeman and wife Margareta's child Maria, bom 
Apr. I, baptized March 5. 

13. George Anderson and wife Margareta's child (from Elk- 
river) Catharina, 10 weeks old, baptized April 5. 

14. Jacob Heine and wife Kerstin's child, Jacob bom April 20, 
baptized April 26. 

15. Peter La Quett and wife Marta's child Marta. born January 
16, baptized May 10. 

16. Elizabeth Calliert's illegitimate child Rebecca (a mulato) 
l)orn November 13, 1723, baptized May 5. 

17. M^ns Gubtafsson and wife Catharina's child Rebecca, bom 
May 17^ baptized May 24. 

18. Thomas Scott and wife Catharina's child Maria, bom May 
23, baptized May 25. 

19. Johannas Mansson and wife Ingeborg's child Catharina 
bora June 3. baptized June 7. 

20. Johan Dawson and Sara's child, (from St. Georges), 7 
months old, baptized June 21. 

21. Michael Mayer and wife Annika's child Susanna, bom July 
10, baptized July 12. 


22. Samuel Petersson and wife Kerstin's child Anna, bom 
August I, baptized August i6. 

23. Christiem Brynberg and wife Maria's child Susanna, bom 
August 15, baptized August 23. 

24. Jonas Jespersson Walraven and wife Catharina's child 
Catharina, bom August 22, baptized August 23. 

26. Ebenezer Bmpsson and wife Susannas's child Susanna, 
several weeks old, baptized Septembef 2. 

26. Jacob Van de Ver and wife Maria's child Elizabeth, bom 
September 10, baptized September 20. 

27. Cornelius Walraven and wife Walborg's child Elizabeth 
(of St. George's) half year old, necessary baptism.* 

28. Jean Toilcs and wife Anna's child Elizabeth, bom August 
31st, baptized October 7th. 

. 29. Christopher Stedham and wife Johanna's child Margareta, 
born September 7th, baptized October nth. 

30. Anders Hindricksson and wife Maria's child Susanna, bora 
October 20th, baptized October 25th. 

31. Jean Griffis and wife Margareta's child Sara, bora Novem- 
ber 3d, baptized November 8th. 

32. Anders Cock and wife Sara's children Carolus and Abigail, 
born November 8th, baptized November nth. 

33. Peter Classon and wife Walborg's child Maria, bom No- 
vember 12th, baptized November 15th. 

34. Christopher Springer and wife Catharina's child Johan, 
bora December, baptized December 20th. 

Record of Burials, 1724. 

1. Johan Wilder's child Richard, buried January 2d. 

2. Anders Stalcop.Sen.'s child Maria Christina, buried January 

3. Olle Pdlsson's child Jacob, buried January nth. 

4. Johan Gioding's widow Annika, buried March 7th. 

5. Jean Benjaminsson Pdlsson, buried March 7th. 

6. Johanny Mfinsson's child Maria, buried March 25th* 

7. Lucas Stedham, Jr.'s child Maria, buried April 28th. 

8. Erasmus Stedhanj's wife Helena, buried May 4th. 

9. Jonas Stal cop's child Carl, buried May ^'ist. 

♦Previously baptized by some lay person for fear of death. 


10. The miller, Foster Pew, buried June 22d. 

11. Widow Bnta Gustafsson, buried August 22d. 

12. Jonas Walraven, Sr., buried August 31st. 

Marriages, 1724. 

1. Gustaf Pdulsson and Margaret Simpson, married March 8th. 

2. Willilami White and Miss Maria Ericsson, married April 30th. 

3. Mdns Andersson and Miss Margaret Morrisson, married May 

4. Timotheus Bengtsson Stedham and Miss Catharina Morse, 
married June 23d. 

5. Jesper Walraven and widow Anna Garritsson, married 
August 6th. 

6. David White and Miss Gierkie Cornelius, married September 

7. William Evans and Anna Philips, married October 31st. 

8 Anton Jaquett and Miss Catharina Gioding, married Novem- 
ber 19th. 

9. Garret Garretsson and Miss Elizabeth Ericsson, married 
December 3d. 

10. Peter Petersson Canpany and Miss Magdalena Stedham, 
married December 3d. 

11. Samuel Fowdrey and Anna Van de Ver, married Decem- 
ber 8th. 

12. Morgan Jones and Elinor Evans, married December 17th. 

13. Lewis German and Margareta Jury married December 31st. 

1725. — January ist A general parish meeting was 
held, when a large number of the congregation bound 
themselves to pay the sexton the amount of their 
subscription for his salary, which writing the sexton has 
in his possession. 

January 2nd. Jonas Stalcop was elected to the Church 
Coimcil in the place of Jonas Walraven, deceased. 

January 3rd. Mr. Springer and Johan Von Culen 
promised to make' over the church land to Johan Seed 


at the next court in February, when Johan Seed is to 
pay £/[o for the land, which money has to be paid for 
the negress Peggy. 

January 36th. Jonas Stalcop was dismissed from the 
Church Council because he was deemed unfit for that 

February 22nd. Johan Seed paid £/[o for the land 
which he bought, which money Peter Classon immedi- 
ately sent to Mr. Newton in New Castle, to be paid for 
the negress Pegge. 

February 23rd. In these days a false rumor has been 
in circulation in Christina congregation among several 
of the members, about one of the members of the con- 
gregation and Church Council, Mr. Charles Springer, to 
the eflfect that he is indebted to the congregation eighty 
bushels of wheat, and that he had given a written 
obligation for the wheat to be paid to the congregation 
for its use, which obligation Mr. Carl Springer had 
taken, from a closet in Mr. Biork's house without per- 
mission, while Mr. Biork was absent and thus wronged 
the congregation. Pastor Hessellius and some of the 
Council examined into the matter, and found it 
altogether diflferent, viz : Aron Johansson in his lifetime 
rented his ground to Andrew Gustafsson, and they could 
not agree very well, and the last year which Aron 
Johansson lived, Mr. Carl Springer bought Andrew 
Gustafsson 's lease and was to turn over to Aron the 
share that belonged to him of the crop standing on 
the ground. But Aron Johansson died before the crop 
was harvested, and Mr. Springer gave to the widow her 
part when he threshed the grain, but the grain fell short 
so that Mr. Springer was short on his part three or four 


From these facts the Pastor Hesselliiis and the mem- 
bers of the Church Council find that the congregatioa 
have not the least claim for any of the aforesaid grain, 
and consequently there was no written agreement for 
any grain belonging to the church and the whole rumor 
is groundless. At the request of Mr. Springer the pas- 
tor has written this down in the church book. 

Because some wrong minded members of the congre- 
gation claimed that the pastor ought not to be paid any- 
thing for burials, Pastor Hessellius consulted the whole 
Church Council about the matter, it having been for a. 
long time customary- and is yet throughout Christendom 
to receive remuneration for services on such occasions,, 
and he enquired whether he should receive his dues as 
formerly or if they should be discontinued. The Coun- 
cil were decided in their answer that the same charges 
.should be continued as have heretofore been paid, viz. : 
9 shillings for an adult, and four shillings 6 pence for a 
child, and that nobody may flatter himself that the Priest 
shall be obliged to bur\' without payment or do for sack 
a stubborn member such a service. Peter Classoa re- 
signed as Church-warden on mid-summer day, and Wal- 
raven Walraven was elected in his place and Hans 
Smith in place of Timotheus Stedham. 

A. D. 1725, March 21, which was Palm Sunday. — 
The Pastor Herr Abraham Lidenius preached his vale- 
dictory sermon in Holy Trinity Church. 

May i6th. — A letter arrived here composed by the 
pastor at Wicacoc, Magister Jonas Lidman, in the 
of all the Swedish churches in Pennsylvania andjj 
as an expression of thanks to the King of Sweden, 
to be sent over to him by the pastor Magister A 
Lidenius, and reads as follows: 


Most Mighty All Gracious King: 

The High Royal care which His Royal Majesty from 
the very beginning of his highly praised reign has 
so graciously bestowed upon us here in America far dis- 
tant froni^ Sweden, makes us obligated to tender to His 
Royal Majesty our most humble thanks and gratitude 
and we shall daily and momently with our faithful pray- 
ers and sighs plead with God Most High that He shall be 
pleased such royal favor and graciousness richly to 

And as now^ in accordance with the gracious pleasure 
of His Royal Majesty, our faithful teacher the pastor in 
Raccoon and Penn's Neck Churches Magister Abraham 
Lidenius journeys home to Sweden to serve some church 
at home in the Fatherland, we can now humbly testify 
before his Royal Majesty with good conscience that he 
has been for us during the whole time of his residence 
here a most excellent and praiseworthy preacher, who 
with diligence has cared for the souls of his hearers, and 
has by his teaching and living gained very great love 
and respect, not only with the Swedes, but also with the 
English Churches, and likewise, with our adversaries a 
good name. We therefore now humbly petition His 
Royal Majesty that it may please his Royal Majesty 
to receive Pastor Magister Lidenius with his High Royal 
favor and promote his best good. 

We have learned with humble gratitude that His 
Royal Majesty some time past appointed a suitable 
Priestman who shall come over to us to succeed 
Magister lyidenins. May God Most High so direct that we 
soon may have the happiness of welcoming him safely 


To conclude, we all from our innermost hearts desire 


your Royal Majesty's welfare and happy reign, remain- 
ing with most humble reverence to our dying hotir. 

Your Royal Majesty, 
Most humble Servants 
and faithful Intercessors. 

May i8th 1725. 

A letter which Mr. Carl Springer had drawn up in 
behalf of the church to be sent to Bishop Swedberg by 
Magister Abraham Lidenius was subscribed by the 
elders of the church and reads as follows: 

Highworthy Herr Dr. and Bishop, 

Most Gracious Father in Christ 

Inasmuch as the Highworthy and praiseworthy teacher 
of God's word, Magister Abraham Lidenius is now with 
his beloved family ready to go home to his dear Father- 
land, and we have now such a good opportunity, we can- 
not omit with these few lines to show our humble and 
due thankfulness to the Highworthy Father who to us 
so far distant has shown so much goodness. Our Christian 
brethren on the south side of the river, the churches at 
Raccoon Creek and Penn's Neck now lose their faithful 
teacher Magister Abraham Lidenius who has been 
a most excellent preacher, and his teaching and life 
have been in complete hannony. He has been unsparing 
in diligence, pains, labor and care both early and late to 
win souls so that the congregations have markedly im- 
proved in their Christianity. His departure and absence 
is cause of heartfelt sorrow to all right minded christians 
in all this neighborhood and section of country. We 
understand that another preacher is on his way here 
to take the place of Magister Lidenius. Finally, we 
unanimously offer our grateful thanks for the many 
excellent books which the Highworthy Father has 


favored us with, and therewith for all the care, pains and 
trouble of which the Highworthy Father has been so 
unsparing for us, and still continues to work for us with 
His Royal Majesty and by many other good offices. .But 
with what can we compensate the Highworthy Father 
for ail this? But our sacred duty shall be constantly to 
have our Highworthy Father in honored remembrance 
and ^plead with the Gracious God that God will with his 
spirit's, grace, strengthen and guide the Highworthy 
Father in his high and important office, and at his great 
age continue his usual strength, especially that we so 
far disjant for many years to come may not be deprived 
of his paternal care along with that of his Royal 
Majesty's and many other parties concerned for our 
souPs well-fare, on which our temporal and eternal 
happini^ss depends, so we therefore again recommend 
/Ourselves and ours, and the Highworthy Herr Magister 
Lidenius with his dear family to the Highworthy 
Father's so fatherly care, and favor, and remain to 
otfr*^tmost ability 

Highworthy Father, 
Our Most Gracious and strong Benefactor, 
Your humble servants and sincere Intercessors. 
Dated at Christina on the Delaware River 
in America, May i8th, A. D. 1725. 

Conrad Constantin, Carl Christopher Springer^ 

Mdns Gustafsson, Jacob Van de Ver,' 

Johan Von Culen, Philip Van de Ver, 

Lucas Stedham. 

Baptisms, 1725. 

1 . Philip Van de Ver and wife Elizabeth's child Elizabeth, bom 
January 2nd, baptized January 3rd. 

2. The negress Peggy's child Peter, (in the parsonage) bom 
January 2nd, baptized January 3rd. 


3. Israel Petersson and wife Margarita's child Regina, bom 
January 25th. baptized January 17th. 

4. William White and wife Maria's child Elizabeth, bom 
January 31st, baptized February 3rd. 

5. Benjamin Good and wife Ing^d's child Eschiel, bom 
December 28th, baptized February 4th. 

6. Peter Pdlsson and wife Catharina's child Maria, bom 
February 3rd, baptized February 14th. 

7. Jacob Stille and wife Rebecca's child Rebecca, bom February 
4th, baptized February 14th. 

8. Thomas Bird and wife Hanna's child Johan, bom May loth, 
1723, baptized February 21. 

9. Mdns Smith and wife Maria's child Johan, bom May loth, 
1723, baptized February 21st. -^ 

10. Jonas Shagan and wife Annika's child Elizabeth, bom 
March i6th, baptized March 28th. 

11. Garrit PAlsson Garretsson and wife Ester's child fister, 
bom December 25th, 1724, baptized March 28th. ' 

12. Anton Jaquet and wife Catharina's child Johan, bom 
March 17th, baptized April 22nd. 

13. lames Owins and wife Dorothea's child Elizabeth, 3 months 
old, baptized May 23rd. ;;^ 

14. Brewer Seneke and wife Brita's child Anna, born May ^rd, 
baptized June 3rd. 

15. Jesper Walraven and wife Anna's child Benjamin, born 
June nth, baptized June 13th. 

16. Anders Stalcop and wife Barbro's child Margarita, bom 
June 17th, baptized June 20th. 

17. Thomas Bird and wife Hannah's child Benjamin, bom 
June 13th, baptized June 27th. 

18. Morten MSrtensson and wife Kerstin's child Sara, bom 
June 2ist, baptized June 27th. 

19. Johan Wilder and wife Margarita's child Elizabeth, born 
June 22nd, baptized June 27th. 

20. Peter Petersson Canpany and wife Magdalena's child 
Helena, bom June 7th, baptized July 4th. 

21. Joshua Robertsson and wife Maria's child Maria, 4>^ years 
old, baptized July 7th. 


22. Jonathan Kirk and wife Maria's child Jonathan, bom May 
^5th, baptized July nth. 

23. Ddvid White and wife Gierkie's children Moses and 
Stephanius, bom July 19th, baptized July 29th. 

24. Capt. W. Battel and wife Cornelia's child France, 3 months 
old, baptized August loth. 

25. Carolus Springer and wife Margarita's child Johan, bom 
August 9th. baptized August 22nd. 

26. Hindric Stedham and wife Elizabeth's child, Elizabeth, 
bom September 6th, baptized September 12th. 

27. Garrit Garrisson and wife Elizabeth's child Catharine 
bom September i6th, baptized September 17th. 

28. Hans Piettersson and wife Sara's child, Sara, bom October 
3rd', baptized October 20th. 

29. Timotheus Benjamin Stedham and wife Catharina's child, 
Johan, 6 weeks old, baptized October loth. 

30. Johan Seed and wifeBrita's child Johan, bom October iith, 
baptized October 13th. 

31. Anders Loinan and wife Maria's child Maria, bom October 
1 8th, baptized October 24th. 

32. Pastor Herr Magister Samuel Hesselius and wife Brita's 
child Sara, born October 23rd, baptized October 24th. 

33. Cornelius JaQuett and wife Maria's child Petrus, bom 
October 30th, baptized November 14th. 

34. David Henock and wife Helena's child Annika, bom 
October 30th, baptized November 14th. 

35. Olle Manson and wife Annika 's child Petrus, bom Decem- 
"ber 15th, baptized December 19th. 

36. Johan Stalcop and wife Maria's child Israel, bom December 
24th. baptized December 26th. 

Marriages 1725. 

1. William Jansson and Jane Jansson, married January iSth, 
(with Governor's license.) 

2. David Harvey and Elizabeth Price, married September 2nd. 

3. Rees Evans and Mary Welsh, married September 30th. 


4. Walraven Walraven and Christina K&lsberg married October 

5. Isaac James and Rachel Rees, married November 4th. 

6. Jesper Robesson and Magdalena Springer, married November 

7. Johan Mdrtensson and Margaretta Stalcop, (Governor's 
license,) married November nth. 

8. Peter Petersson Smith and Annika Mdnson, married Novem- 
ber 26th. 

9. Matthias Stark and BrigittaHindricsson, married November 

10. Richard Williams and Elizabeth Brett, married December 

BuRiAi^ 1725. 

1. Garret Garretsson's child Catharina, buried September 19th. 

2. Israel Stalcop buried November nth. 

3. The late Jesper Walraven's widow Kerstin, buried December 

A. D. 1726, July ist. — Mdns Smith and Walraven 
Walraven were dismissed from the office of Church- 
warden, and in their place were elected William Clenny 
and Anders Gustafsson. 

November 6th. William Clenny was dismissed from 
the office of Churchwarden for his unworthiness, and 
Brewer Seneke was chosen in his place. 

Dec. 4th. — The Church Council met and it was re- 
solved that a pump should be bought immediately for 
the Priest GSrd, and that Anders Justis or his successor 
on the old Land must keep the pump in order if they ex- 
pect to have any benefit of the well. 

N. B. Pastor Hesselius paid his debt to the congrega- 
tion in the following way viz: ^£ 4s. Christina congre- 
gation was indebted to the congregation in Penn's neck 
for the building of their church of St. Georges, 46 


bushels of wheat, and the Penn's Neck congregation was 
indebted to Pastor Samuel Hesselius lO;^ for officating 
one year after the departure of Magister Lidenius, and 
Samuel Hesselius was indebted to Christiana congrega- 
tion ^£. 9s. 7d., and Pastor Samuel Hesselius after a 
consultation with both congregations, procured a dis- 
charge from Penn's Neck and Raccoon Creek congrega- 
tions of all indebtedness to them of the Christina con- 
gregation it being agreed that this should discharge him 
from all indebtedness to Christina congregation, which 
was done on the first of July, 1726. This discharge was 
two years afterwards delivered into the hands of Carl 

Baptisms, 1726. 

1 . Lucas Stedham and wife Ingeborg*s child Anna Maria, born 
January 4th, baptized January 9tli; 

2. Jacob Heinand wife Kerstin's child Cornelius, bom Janu- 
ary 4th, baptized January 9th. 

3* George Reed and wife Sara's child Robert, bom January 8th, 
baptized January 14th. 

4. Samuel Hall and wife Anna Elizabeth's child Dina, 8 years 
old, baptized January 31st. 

5. William Clenny and wife Maria's child Maria, bom January 
17th, baptized January 31st. 

6. Hindric Snecker and wife Catharina's child Hindric, born 
IFebruary 7th, baptized February 8th. 

7. Jonas Stalcop and wife Helena's child Israel, bom Febmary 
:M9th, baptized the same day. 

8. Jonas JesperSvSon Walraven and wife Catharina's child Maria, 
rn February ist, baptized February 2 2d. 

9. Johan Rais and wife Margareta's child Thomas, a half year 
Id, baptized February 28th. 

10. Johan M^ten and wife Margareta's child Matthias, bora 
^^'ebraary 5th, baptized March 6th. 


11. Joseph Chantrill and wife Catharina's child John, one and 
one-half year old, baptized March 2Sth. 

12. Lylof Stedham and wife Anna's child Lylof, bom March 

24th, baptized April 8th. 

13. Gustaf Pdlsson and wife Margareta's child Elizabeth, 6 
months old, baptized April loth. 

14. Samuel Fowdrey and wife Anna's child Susanna, bom 
April loth, baptized April i.sth. '^■ 

15. Peter Pdlsson and wife Ingeborg's child Susanna, bom 
April loth, baptized April 15th. 

16. Israel Robbesson and wife Elizabeth child Carl, born 
April nth. baptized May ist. 

17. Johan Von Culen and wife Kerstin 's child Peter, bom 
April loth, baptized May ist. 

18. William Cock and wife Emy 's child Regner Von der Culen, 
born January tsth, 1725, baptized May 4th. 

19. Robert Ershelot and wife Margareta's child Samuel, bom 
April 23rd, baptized May 8th. 

20. Morten Gustafs»son and wife Brita's child Swen, "bom May 
3 ist, baptized June 6th. 

21. William Forehead and wife Maria's child Rebecca, a half 
year old, baptized June 12th. 

22. Joseph Peersson and wife Maria's child Henry, bom 
December 28th, 1726. baptized June 12th. 

23. Joseph Peersson and wife Maria's child George, bom Sep- 
tember 5th, baptized September loth. 

24. Peter Petersson Smith and wife Annika's child Tobias, 
bom vSeptember 5th, baptized September loth. 

25. Peter Tossawa and wife Margareta's child Johan, bom Sep- 
tember 13th, baptized September 17th. 

26. Christiera Br>'nberg and wife Maria's child Matthias, bom 
September 5th, baptized September 25th. 

27. Walraven Walravenand wife Kerstin's child Swen, bom 
October 10th. baptized October 16th. 

28. William White and wife Maria's child Maria, bom 
November 13th, baptized November i6th. 


29. Jasper Walraven and wife Anna's child Sara, bom Novem- 
ber 29th, baptized December 4th. 

30. Hanna Matthew's illegitimate child Sara, 3 years old, 
baptized December loth, 

31. Joseph Chantrill and wife Catharina's child Joseph, a half 
year old, baptized December loth. 

32. Christopher Springer and wife Catharina's child Brita, 
bom December loth, baptized December 14th. 

33. Thomas Bird and wife Rachael's child Johan, bom Novem- 
ber 22d, baptized November 15th. 

34. Samuel Peterson and wife Kerstin's child Christina, bom 
September 19th, baptized December 27th. 

Burials, 1726. 

1. Hans Piettersson's child Sara, buried January nth. 

2. Paul Mdnsson. buried January 25th. 

3. George Reed's wife Sara, buried January 6th. 

4. Johanneas MSnsson's child C^itharina Ester, buried January 

5. Israel Stalcop's child Maria, buried January 31st. 

6. William Robbersson, buried February 27th. 

7. George Fisher's wife Elizabeth, buried March 21st. 

8. Jesper Walraven's child Maria, buried September 27th. 

9. Johannes M^nsson, buried October 9th. 

10. Josua Robbersson's child Maria, buried November 5th. 
.11. Garrit Garritsson's child, (had necessary baptism), buried 

November i6th. 

12. William White's child Maria, (buried at Crane Hook), 
November 19th. 

13. Edward Matthews, buried December 6th. 

14. Lucas Stedham, Senior, buried December 8th. 

15. Elias Nilsson, buried December 12th. 

16. Johan Morriss' wife Helena, buried December 14th. 

17. Mr. Ebenezer Empson's son Jonathan, buried December 
1 6th. 

18. Anders Cock's daughter Brita, buried December i6th. 

19. Anders Cock's daughter Catharina. buried December i8th 


10. Hanna Mathew, buried December i8th. 

11. Anders Stedham, buried December 27d. 

12. Johan Tossawa, buried December 17th. 

13. Ebenezer Empson, buried December i8th. 

14. Brita Jeans, buried December 19th. 

Marriages, 1716. 

1. Thomas Martin and Elizabeth Issard, married February 6th. 

2. Johan Williams and Mary Piggotte, married April •12th. 

3. Richard Jefferis and Margaret Howl, married April 19th. 

4. Thomas White and Rebecca Cloud, married May 7th. 

5. Hindric Hindricssoil and Maria Tossawa, married July 13th. 

6. Johan Bums and Margaret Rickri, married July 15th. 

7. Erasmus Stedham and Mary Littlejohn, (gov. license), mar- 
ried December 3d. 

8. Johan Seneke and Ingeborg Tossawa, married December 

9. Thomas Cordrey and Mary Matthews, married December 

July 17, 1727. Anders Gustafsson was dismissed from the 
Churchwardenship for his disobedience and obstinacy, and 
Philip Van de Ver was elected in his place, and also Jacob Van 
de Ver was chosen in the place of Brewer Seneke. 

Burials 1727. 

1. Ebenezer Empsson*s widow Susanna, buried January 2d. 

2. Hindnc Hindricsson's wife Maria, buried January 13th. 

3. John Owin's daughter Sara, buried January 14th. 

4. Olle M^nsson's child Susanna, buried January 24th. 

5. Thomas Martin, buried February 26th. 

6. Jonas Jespersson Walraven, buried March nth. 

7. Mr. Carl Springer's wife Maria, buried March 15th. 

8. Jesper Robbesson, buried March 29th. 

9. William Cock's child, Regner Von der Culen, buried April 
1 8th. 

10. Antille Stalcop's child Johannes, buried May 28th. 

11. William Allen's child Jonas, buried October 12th. 

12. Thomas Scott, buried November 13th. 

13. Johan Wilder's child Margareta, buried December i6th. 

hoi,y trinity {oi,d swedes) church. 3oi 

Baptisms 1727. 

1. Johan Rossen and wife Marget's child Maria, bom Decem- 
ber 25, 172:1, baptized January ist. 

2. Peter Petersson and wife Anna's child Regner, bom Decem- 
ber 23d, baptized January ist. 

3. Thomas Bird and wife Maria's child Maria, bom May 11, 
1725, baptized January ist. 

4. Josia Wilson and wife Elizabeth's child Rebecca, bom July 

24, 1725, baptized January ist. 

5. Riobbert Cloud and wife Sara's child Phcebe, bom March 

25, 1 72 1, baptized January ist. 

6. Robbert Cloud and wife Sara's child James, bom October 3, 
1723, baptized January ist. 

7. Robbert Kckman and wife Christina's child Johan, bom 
June 27, 1725, baptized January ist. 

8. P4I Pilsson and wife Catharina's child Richard, bom Feb- 
ruary 5, 1726, baptized January 3d. 

9. P&l Pilsson and wife Catharina's child Maiget, bom Dec- 
ember 21, 1723, baptized January 3d. 

10. Hans Petersson and wife Elizabeth's child Joseph, bom 
December 25, 1726, baptized January 3d. 

1 1 . Mdns Gustafsson and wife Catharina's child Helena, bom 
January ist, baptized January i6th. 

12. Edward Richardsson's child Sara, baptized January 6th. 

13. The negress Peggy's child Elizabeth, bom Januaiy 17th, 
baptized January 22nd. 

14. Hindric Stedham and wife Catharina's child Catharina, 
born February 5th, baptized February 12th. 

15. Anders Hindricsson and wife Maria's child Anders, bom 
February 6th, baptized February 24th. 

16. Anton Ja Quett and wife Catharina's child Elizabeth, born 
February 14th, baptized February 24th. 

17. John Seed and wife Brita's child Rebecca, born February 
26th, baptized February 27th. 

18. Carolus Springer and wife Margareta's child Anna, bom 
March 5th, baptized March 6th. 

19. Christopher Stedham and wife Anna's child Zacharias, 5 
weeks old, baptized March 12th. 


20. Francis Chad and wife Grace's daughter Anna, 19 years- 
old, baptized Maich 5th. 

21 . Richard Henock and wife Susanna's child Debora, 2 months 
old, baptized March 26th. 

22. Robert Whittiker and wife Maria's child Anna, 2 months 
old, baptized March 26th. 

23. Annika Likan's illegitimate child Elizabeth, 5 months 
old, baptized April 13th. 

24. Breyer Meg Daniel and wife Catharina's child Catharina, 
3 weeks old, baptized April 23rd. 

25. John Pippin and wife Rebecca's child Joseph, 6 weeks 
old, baptized April 23rd. 

26. Thomas Scott and wife Catharina's child Sara, bom April 
nth, baptized April 23rd. 

27. Jacob Stille and wife Rebecca's child John, bom April 
22nd, baptized April 30th. 

28. James Jordan and wife Anna's child Hlizabeth, bom Feb- 
ruary 8th, baptized May 21st. 

29. Antilli Stalcop and wife Barbro's child Anders, bopi May 
25th, baptized May 26th. 

30. Antilli Stalcop and wife Barbro's child Anna Barbro, bom 
May 25th, baptized May 26th. 

31. Peter Classon and wife Walborg's child Joanna, bom May 
28th, baptized June i ith, 

32. Peter Pilsson and wife Catharina's child Swen, bom June 
1 6th, baptized June i8th. 

33. John Littlejohn and wife Maria's daughter Maria, j8 years 
old, baptist January i8th. 

34. George Jackson and wife Honor's daughter, 1 5 years old, 
baptized January i8th. 

35. Jonathan Kirk and wife Maria's child Susanna, bom July 
24th, baptized August 13th. 

36. Gustaf P^lsson and wife Margareta's child William, bora 
August 22nd. baptized September i3tli. 

37. Edward Erby and wife Anna's child Susanna, born June 
25th, baptized September 13th. 

38. Hans Smith and wife Maria's child Fredric, bom Septem- 
ber igLh. baptized September 24th. 


39. William Allin and wife Margaretta's child Jonas, 15 months 
old, baptized September 29th. 

40. William White and wife Maria's child Susanna, born Octo- 
ber 7th, baptized October 15 th. 

41. John Seneke and wife Ingeberg's child Darkis', bom Octo- 
ber nth, baptized October 15th. 

42. Brewer Seneke and wife Brita's child Brewer, born October 
15th, baptized October 22nd. 

43. Pastor Herr Magister Samuel Hessellius and wife Brita's 
child Christiem,bom October i6th, baptized October 22nd, Spon- 
sors, Pastor Herr Magister Petrus Tranberg and his wife Anna 
Catharine, Pastor Herr Magister Andreas Windruf wa and his 
wife Bliza-beth, Jacob Van de Ver, Anders Loinan, Hindric 
Gustafsson's wife Brita, Philip Van de Ver's wife Elizabeth. 

44. Erasmus Stedham and wife Maria's child Erasmus, bom 
October 20th, baptized October 24th. 

45. Jesper Robbinsson and wife Magdalena*s child Jesper, bom 
October 23d, baptized October 28th. 

46. Peter Petersson Canpany and wife Magdalena's child Maria, 
bom November i8th, baptized November 19th. 

47. Jonas Skaggen and wife Anna's child Jonas, bom Novem- 
ber 15th, baptized November 24th. 

48. Cornelius JaQuett and wife Maria's child Susanna, born 
November 23d baptized December 3d. 

49. James Canada and wife Tabitha's child (leorge, born Nov. 
25th, baptized December 3d. 

50. JohM Wilder and wife Margareta's child Margareta, born 
December 7th, baptized December 8th. 

51 and 52. Richard Certain and wife Ester's children Martha 
and Maria, born December ist. baptized December 13th. 

53. Richard Certain and wife Ester's child Emanuel, bom Jan- 
uary 5th, 1725, baptized December 13th. 

54. Philip Van de Ver and wife Elizabeth's child Susanna 
bom December 25th, baptized December 30th. 

Marriages, 1727. 

1. Johannes JaQuett and Kerstin Barker, married January 26th. 

2. Richard Certain and Ester Price, Governor's License, married 
March 17th. 


3 John Greedy and Elizabeth Hooper, Governor's Licehse, mar- 
ried March 26th. 

4. Richard Hanby and Elizabeth Wilsson, Governor License, 
married March 23d. 

5. Nicolaos Cursine and Rebecca Bird, married April 5th. 

6. Charles Empson and Mary Jeans, Governor's License, mar- 
ried April 19th. 

7. John Davis and Anna Mackmath, Governor 's License, married 
April 20th. 

8. Jonas Stedham and Helena Dericsson, married May loth. 

9. Thomas Lobum and Elizabeth Cordcry, married May a6th. 

10. Edward Haley and Anna Cloud, married June ist. 

11. Thomas Wilcocks and Elizabeth Kohl, married June 3d. 

12. Carl Springer and Annika Walraven, Governor's License; 
married June 15th. 

1 3 William Treheame and Catharine Rice, Governor's License, 
August 7th. 

14. William Robbersson and Rachel Park, Governor's License, 
married August 17th. 

15. Henry Wheatfield and Mary Blan, married September 

I St. 

16. John Right and Anna Tossawa, married September 22nd. 

17. George Reed and Ingeborg Mdnsson, married October 

18. Jonathan Waddington and Anna Waka, Governor's License, 
married October 1 2th. 

19. Magister Andreas Windrufva and Elizabeth JaQuette, 
married November 9th. 

20. William Wight and Elizabeth Few. married December 

I St. 

21. Jonas Walraven and Maria Justis, married December ist. 

22. William Van de Ver and Margareta Colesberg, married 
December 7th. 

23. Robert Harper and Margareta Archer, married December 

24. John Smith and Elizabeth Diricsson, married December 

25. John AUower and Mary Rodgers, Governors License, 
married December 30th. 

hol,y trinity (old swedes) church. 305 

Baptisms 1728. 

1. David Henock and wife Helena's child Hindric, bom 
December 7th, 1727, baptized January ist. 

2. Timotheus Benjamin Stedham and wife Catharina*s child 
Joseph, 7 weeks old, baptized January ist. 

3. Olle Mdnssen and wife Annika's child Johan, bom January 
5th, baptized January 9th. 

4. John Lewis and wife Elizabeth's child Sara, bom December 
27th, baptized February loth. 

5. Hans JaQuett and wife Kerstin's child Maria, 6 weeks old, 
baptized February i8th. 

6. Garrit Garritfsson and wife Elizabeth's child John, born 
February 20th, baptized February 24th. • 

7. Garrit Palsson Garritsson and wife Ester's child Hindric, 
bom January 28th, 1727, baptized February 26th. 

8. Elizabeth Garritsson's illegiitmate child Rebecca, born 
March 3rd, 1727, baptized February 26th. 

9. William Cock and wife Emi\s child Regner, born February 
20th, baptized February 27th. 

10. Jacob (a) Vandever and wife Maria's child Tobias, born 
February 20th, baptized February 27th. 

11. William Kallom and wife Maria's child Benjamin, bom 
January 17th, baptized March 3rd. 

12. William Kallom and wife Maria's child John, bom Decem- 
ber 5th, 1725. baptized March 3rd, 

13. Lucas Stedham and wife Ingeborg's child Sara, born 
March nth, baptized November 27th. 

14. William Forehead and wife Maria's child Samuel, born 
March 13th, baptized April 21st. 

15. Jesper Walraven and wife Annika's child Margareta, born 
May Z4th, baptized May 23rd, 

16. William Justice and Elizabeth Witten's illegitimate child 
Isaac, bom July 28th, 1723, baptized May 23rd. 

17. Morten M^rtensson and wife Kerstin's child Johannes, 
6 weeks old, baptized May 31st. 

18. Olle Tossawa and wife Maria's child Catharina, 4 weeks old, 
baptized June i6th. 

(a) This name originally Van de Ver or Van de Wer, is now spelt 


19. Hindric Stedham and wife Catharina's child Cornelius,, 
bom May 31st, baptized June i6th. 

20. Israel Petersson and wife Margaretta's child Magdalena, 

bom July 14th, baptized July 21st. 

21. Jonas Stedham and wife Helena's child Lucas, bom July 

29th, baptized August 4th. 

42. Mins Gustafsson and wife Catharina's child Swen, bora. 
August ist, baptized August 4th. 

23. George Reed and wife Ingeborg's child William, boni: 
August 4th, baptized August loth. 

24. John Right and wife Annika's child Sara, bom August 
2ist, baptized August 19th. 

25. Jonas Walraven and wife Maria's child Gustafsson, bom. 
September 7th, baptized September 15th. 

96. John Seed and wife Brita's child Elizabeth, bom Septem- 
ber 7th, baptized Septembei 15th. 

27. Johannes Springer and wife Maria's child Carl, bom 
July 2ivSt, baptized September 25th. 

28. Thom, s Wort and wife Kerstin's child Judith, bom March 
14th, baptized September 15th. 

29. Johannes de Foss and wife Hanna's child Elizabeth, bom 
January 6, 1724 baptized September 25th. 

30. Thomas Cordrey and wife Maria's child John, bom Decem- 
ber 24, 1727 baptized September 25th. 

31. Adam Stole and wife Catharina's child Johannes, bom 
September 28th, baptized September 29th. 

32. William Vandever and wife Margaretta's child Elizabeth, 
born October 1st, baptized October 5th. 

33. John Dasson and wife Sara's child James, 6 months old, 
baptized October 5 th. 

34. William Clenny and wife Maria's child Hanna, 6 weeks 
old, baptized October 13th. 

35. Peter Tossawa and wife Margaretta's child Elizabeth, bom 
October 2nd, baptized October 13th. 

36. John Crocker and wife Maria's child Anna, bom January 
5th, baptized November 3rd. 

37-38. Peter Petersson and wife Annika's children Margaretta. 
and Catharina, born November 2nd, baptized November 3rd. 


39. John M&rten and wife Margaretta's child Christina, bom 

November 13th, baptized November 24th. 

40. John Dason and wife Sara's child John, 2 years old, bap- 
tized December 26th. 

41. Carolus Springer and wife Margaret's child Carl, born 
December 17th, baptized December 22nd. 

42. David White and wife Hierkie's child Carolus, bom in 
Aug^ist, baptized December 26th 

Marriages, 1728. 

1. John Bush and Miriam Short, married January 6th. 

2. John Crocker and Mary Neal. married February ist. 

3. Francis Laiton and Sarah Ford, married February 27th. 

4. Thomas Clayton and Hanna Buckley, Governor's I^icense 
married March ist. 

5 David Morgan and Jennet Mackelttonny, married April ist. 
0. Jacobus Dirixson and Annika Justice, Governor's License, 
married June 9th. 

7. John Jackson and Rachel Grist, married June nth. 

8. Edward Cloud and Francis Bird, Governor's License, married 
June 19th. 

9. William Lewis and Helena Welsh, Governor's License,mar- 
ried July nth. 

10. David Davis and Hanna Obom, married August 22nd. 

11. George Orson and Anna Macknel, married September 16. 

12. Thomas Berry and Jean Beard, Governor License, married 
September 12th. 

13. Peter AndCrsson and Elizabeth Dirixon, Governor's License, 
married October 5th. 

14. Richad Hoe and Jean Pierce, Governor's License, married 
October loth. 

15. Regner Von Culen and Anna Skaggan, Governor License, 
married November 13th. 

16. Pal Pdlsson and Magdalena Robbisson, married Novem- 
ber 19th. 

17. Joseph Horsey and Sarade Foss, Governor' e License, mar- 
ried November 21st. 

*i8. Thomas Willing and widow Catharine Scott, married 
December 5th. 

*The founder of Wilmington. 


Burials, 1728. 

1. Olle MSnsson, buried January- ist. 

2. Thomas Scott's child Sara, buried January nth. 

3. Philip Van de Ver's wife Elizabeth, buried February 5th. 

4. Jonas Skaggen, buried February nth. 

5. Peter Pulsson's wife Geikie, buried August 27th. 

6. John Gustafsson's son Gustafwus, buried September 1st. 

7. Berget Paisson's wife Margareta, buried September 9th. 

8. Edward Robbesson's son Edward, buried September loth. 

9. Olle Mansson's child Catharine, buried September 20th. 

10. George Reed's child Robbert, buried September 29th. 

11. Jacobus Diricson, buried October 1st. 

12. Cornelius Ja Quett's child Susanna, buried October 13th. 

13. Mans Tossawa, buried November 24th. 

14. Peter Petersson's child Catharina, buried November 30th. 

15. John Smith, buried December 5th. 

i6. Conrad Constantin, buried December nth. 

Baptisms, 1729. 

1. John Bird and wife Margareta 's child Anna, 6 months old, 
baptized January 19th. 

2. Wal raven Wal raven and wife Kenstin's child Maria, bom 
January 23rd, baptized January 26tli. 

3. Samuel Fodrey and wife Anna'vS child Alis. 7 weeks old, 
baptized January 26th. 

4. Edward Karby and wife Anna's child Maria, born October 
13, 1728, baptized February 24th. 

5. Christopher Springer and wife Catharina's child Peter, bom 
March 9th. baptized March T6th. 

6. Peter PAlsson and wife Catharina's child Catharina, bom 
March 29tli, baptized March 30th. 

7. Thomas Martin and wife Elizabeth's child Susanna, 13 
months old, baptized March 30th. 

8. Christopher Stedham and wife Hnnna's child Susanna, l)om 
April 4th, baptized April 20th. 

9. John Stalcop and wife Maria's child Annika, born April 
[2th, baptized April 20th. 

10. John Wilsson and wife Margareta' s child Maria, born April 
25th, baptized May nth. 


11. Richard Hoe and wife Jean's child Anna, bom June 3rd, 
baptized June 5th. 

12. Lylof Stedham and wife Anna's child Elizabeth, i year 
old, baptized June i8th. 

13. Anton JaQuett and wife Catharina's child Paulus, bom 
Ma}' 30th, baptized June 9th. 

14. Peter JaQuett and wife Marta*s child Thomas, bom July 
14, 1728, baptized June 9th. 

15. Anders Hindricsson and wife Maria's child Maria, bom 
June i^rd, baptized June 29tlj. 

16. Samuel Petersson and wife Kerstin's child Matthias, bom 
August ist, baptized August 3rd. 

17. John York and wife Marget's child Maria, bom June 26th 
baptized August 3rd. 

18. David Henock and wife Helena's child Margareta, bom 
July 29th, baptized August loth. 

19. Peter Anderson and wife Kerstin's child Jacobus, one week 
old, baptized August 17th. 

20. Jonas Stalcop and wife Helena's child Maria, one week 
old, baptized September 28th. 

21. Olle Andersson and wife Kerstin's child Brita, bom 
October 7th, baptized October 12th. 

22. Erasmus Stedham and wife Maria's child Maria, bom 
October 8th, baptized October 26th. 

23. Olle Tossawa and wife Maria's child John, bom December 
4th, baptized December 7th. 

24. Regner Von Culen and wife Anna's child Margareta, bom 
December 4th, baptized December 7th. 

25. Timotheus Stedham and wife Elizabeth's, child Elizabeth, 
bom December 15th, baptized December 21st. 

26. Thomas Willing and wife Catharina's child Helena, bom 
December i8th. baptized December 26th. 

Marriages, 1729. 

1. William Justice and Elizabeth Base, Governor's License, 
married January 27th. 

2. Wm. Croshee and Mary Littlejohn, married February i8th. 

3. George Hudson and Mary Tatcher, married February aist. 

4. Daniel Rock and Elizabeth Carey, married March 25th. 


5. Thomas Long and Jean Perkins, Governor's License, mar- 
ried March 30th. 

6. John Littlejohn and Annika Petersson Canpany, married 
Ma}' 6th. 

7. Richard Reinhold and Sara Pierce, married June 5th. 

8. Thomas Bab and Sara Folek, Governor's License, manied 
June 12th. 

9. Hindric Mansson and Judith Justice. Governor's License, 
married June 26th, 

10. John Chandler and Elizabeth Spragg, Governor's License, 
married July 13th. 

11. Henry Johnson and Catharina Price, married October 14th. 

12. Lars Vinan and Elizabeth Garritsson, married October 29th. 

13. Joseph Ogle and Sara Winters, Governor's License, mar- 
ried December 4th. . ' '• 

14. John Green and Jean Perkins, married December 23rd. -*'^' 

15. Isaac Davis and Catharina Jacksson, Governor's License, 
married December 30th. 

Burials 1729. 

I John Morris, buried January- 18. ^ 

2. Olle Munsson's child, Peter, buried February 20. ^^ 

3! Jesper Walraven's child, Benjamin, buried March 10. 

4. Jesper Walraven's child, Sara, buried March 13. .^ 

5. Brewer Seneke's child. Brewer, buried April 10. 

6. Peter MAnssion's widow, Karin, buried June 9. 

7. The late John Garritsson's child, Anna, buried August 15. 

8. Peter Palsson's child, Swen. buried August 18. 

9. Anders Cock's wife, Sara, buried vSeptember 19. 
10. Hindric Mansson, buried October 28. 

November ., 1729. — At a general Parish meeting 
the following persons were elected to the Church Council: 
Mr. Carl Springer, Christiem Brynberg, Jacob ' Vande- 
ver, Philip Vandever, Mans Justis, Timotheus Sted- 
ham, and Lucas Stedham and Jesper Walravenand Israel 
Petersson, were unanimously chosen Church-wardens. 

A brief relation of a severe persecution which Pastor 


Herr Magister Samuel Hessellius has suflFered at Chris- 
tina, in that he has been falsely defamed and accused by 
various ungodly persons to the Herr Provost in Fahlun, 
Mr. Biork, and also to the Bishop of Skara, etc., and of 
-his defense and innocence. 

May 29, 1729. — Pastor Hesselius received a surprising 
letter from Mr. Biork, wherein he severely upbraided 
him as having very unfaithfully conducted the affairs of 
the church at Christina, and ver>^ differently from what 
he did in his time there, but had neglected it in favor 
of the English church, not preaching, catechizing, hold- 
ing examinations or visiting the sick, and had sold 
away land which was willed to the church and taken 
the money for his own private use, and also sold another 
piece of land that belonged to the church and bought a 
negress for the money, which he retains as his own 
property, etc. And Mr. Biork in his letter threatens 
Mr. Hessellius to let the'Highworthy Herr Bishop and Hit 
Royal Majesty in Sweden, know of the whole matter 
and have Mr. Hessellius dismissed from his place and 
another priest be put instead. 

From which letter the Pastor Herr Magister Hesselius 
saw at once that some evil and thoughtless person of 
his congregation had falsely belied him and sought to 
scandalize his good name, reputation, and cause his 
ruin. Magister Hesselius had great and strong reasons 
to have suspicion of Mr. Charles Springer who during 
his services in the church at Christina had often been 
troublesome and annoying, and opposed and persecuted 
his pastor. 

Some time thereafter on the nth of June, Mr. 
Springer sent Edward Robesson to Pastor Hessellius with 
a letter from the Highworthy Herr Bishop reproving 
Mr. Hessellius for improper behavior and wrongfulness, 


and for the same crimes which Mr. Biork in his letter 
accused him of and threatened that he .should be de- 
prived of both his gown and office, etc. This same let- 
ter had Mr. Springer received open to himself, and had 
for a week's time, and showed it to many with satisfac- 
tion. As soon as it came into the hands of Pastor Hes- 
sellius, who in his conscience knew himself to be entirely 
innocent, he took the prudent course of translating the 
Bishop's letter into English to show it to the Governor 
and relate to the Governor his suflFerings and persecu- 
tions. And the Pastor Hessellius wrote a petition to the 
Governor which reads as follows : 

To the Honorable Patrick Gordon, Governor of the Province of 
Pennsylvania, and of New Castle, Kent and Sussex upon Dela- 
ware. ' 

The humble petition of Samuel Hessellius, minister of the 
church at Christeen. 
May it please your Honour : 

My experience of the justice and generosity of your temper, 
encourages me to lay before your Honour my most melancholy 
circumstances, and to crave your protection from my oppressors. 
Your petitioner has been represented home to his Bishopin Sweden 
very much to his dishonour and disadvantage. He is persuaded 
Charles Springer one of your Honor's Magistrates is his principal 
accuser, your petitioner does not know how he has disobliged 
Mr. Springer, but he is very sensible of the many ill offices the 
said springer has done him and is still working against him; 
particularly in that he endeavors to keep the people at Christeen 
from writing in your petitioners behalf to clear my character 
from those foul aspersions cast upon me. The poor congregation 
under my c ire stands in awe of the said Springer, and what he 
says must be law though to the ruin of your petitioner. May it 
therefore please Your Honour to order Mr. Springer to appear 
before Your Honour, and then g^ve us a full hearing that if I am 
innocent as I assureYour Honour. I am. Your Honour may vindi- 
cate my character, and disable Mr. Springer to hoirt a poor 


stranger through an ill use of his power and authority. Or may 
it please your Honour to appoint Mr. Gordon and Mr. French to 
hear our differences, I mean between the cong^gation at 
Christeen and me to make report to Your Honour that I may 
not longer be oppressed by a faction. That God may bless Your 
Honour and make your administration as heretofore, the glory 
and joy of the colony over which you rule, is the hearty prayer 
of May it please your Honour, 

Your Honour's most obedient and 
most humble servant, 

Samuel Hessellius. 

Along with this petition pastor Samuel Hessellius gave in to 
the Governor his remonstrance or vindication, which reads as 
follows : 

The Honorable Patrick Gordon, 

C^vemor of P. A., etc. 

The humble remonstrance of Samuel Hessellius, minister of 
the church at Christeen: 

I have presumed to petition your Honour, that your Honour 
may please to order a hearing of Mr. Springer and your petitioner, 
etc. , and I acquainted your Honor that I have been represented 
home to my Bishop in Sweden very much to my disadvantage 
and dishonour, and I was persuaded that Charles Springer was 
my principal accuser. I now crave permission to lay before 
your Honour the heavy complaint against me, wrote to myself 
from Jesperus Swedburg my Bishop in Sweden, upon the false 
accusations maliciously repr sented to him. and a just, though 
brief vindication of myself from the several heads of the said 
complaint, viz: Your Honour may please to observe in the com- 
plaint, mention made of a letter 'against me received from the 
congregation of Christeen. This letter I have reason to think a 
forgery of him who has made himself my greatest enemy, for 
my congregation deny the writing of it. I am complained of for 
that I did not preach to the people for many Sundays, that I did 
not catechise them, nor visit the sick and administer the sacra- 
ment to such. To these charges I answer that all the neglect 


•of this kind I have been fixity of has been unavoidable, and 
occasioned by my visiting the English Churches at Chester, 
Concord and Marcus Hook, after having preached to my own 
congregation, and some few in forenoons, and my sickness and 
inability one summer only. I have not neglected catechising 
the people yearly as usual, except in the time of my indisposi- 
tion, and when 1 began to preach English in the other churches; 
and though I have sometimes been absent,,J^ have not therein 
transgressed the order from the Bishop, who being a member of 
the English Society for the propagation of the Qospel in foreign 
parts, has directed me to assist the vacant English churches; 
neither has my service been rendered thereby more easy to me. 
for the nearest of the three churches aforementioned is accounted 
ten miles distant from my house at Christeen. Indeed the 
society of England have allowed me for it, but my own congre- 
gation have therefore disallowed me my small salary from them, 
although they have subscribed their names to an obligation in 
that behalf. I can with integrity assure your Honour, that their 
minister has more just ground of complaint against them for 
their negligence and leaving of him, (excepting a few good men.) 
I never refused to visit the sick when I was sent for» and to 
administer the sacrament to such, except it may be to one or 
two persons, whom in my great caution in so solemn a^ part of 
my office, have thought unfit and undeserving at the time to 
receive it. I am complained of for vSelling a piece of land belong- 
ing to the church, and putting the money in my own pocket; 
and for also selling from the church another piece of woodland, 
As to the first piece of land (said to be willed to the church,) 
there was a dispute about it l)etween the congregation and one 
Edward Robinson, who pretended a claim to it, took it away 
and held possession of it long before my time. But since I was 
their minister they came to an accommodation, and the. said 
Edward Robinson paid to the church a consideration of fifteen 
pounds and had a discharge. The money was received and 
deposited in the church by the wardens. Whether mj' having 
borrowed ten pounds can have given any ground for so false an 
accusation, I know not, but am doubtful. It was like most of 
the rest laid to my charge, wholly without colour, and malicious. 
My income being scanty, I once applied to the Churchwardens 



to borrow about ten pounds of the church money, which they 
lent me, and I afterwards repaid. But nobody will, I think, 
dare to say openly, that I have destroyed the rights of the 
church, or wronged the church of a farthing's value. The accusa- 
tion concerning a piece of woodland is also falsely represented. 
It was an unprofitable piece of ground, which the congregation, 
willing to have some benefit of, agreed to sell, that the money 
might for the use of the church, be let out at interest, or a 
negro woman be bought therewith, for the service of the minis- 
ter of Christina Church. The land was accordingly sold by Mr. 
Springer and the rest of the vestry, and a neg^o bought and 
appointed to attend my service, during the time only of my 
being their minister. My good Bishop, misled by the false and 
virulent information to him, has repented of sending me here 
and threatens to deprive me of my office for my great wicked- 
ness. Your Honour cannot be insensible how deeply the malice 
of a few enemies hath injured me in my reputation, living, and 
the tranquility of my mind, when I also further assure your 
Honour that I am not at all conscious to myself of the wicked- 
ness complained of in my Bishop's letter, and thkt to the truth 
of this vindication, I am ready to declare upon my vsolemn 

I am your Honour's 

obedient and most humble servant 

Samuel Hessellius. 
July 22nd, 1729. 

Upon this petition the Governor sent a commission to 
three judges in New Castle to hear the diflference betwixt 
Pastor Samuel Hessellius and Mr. Springer with his com- 
pany which he had misled, that the judges may afterward 
report to the Governor the truth of the case. The trial 
was begun September i, 1729, in the presence of many 
people at Brandy wine ferry, when the Pastor Magister 
Samuel Hessellius declared his innocence, and how 
falsely he has been belied by some inconsiderate person, 
and presented his reasons for the suspicion of Mr. 
Springer being his false accuser, viz: the following 


I St. Because my Bishop writes to Mr. Springer a copy of the 
letter I have in English, and desires him to let him know how 
his minister Samuel Hessellius should behave himself in time to 
come. And the Bishop sends to Mr. Springer an open letter, 
very sharp, written to me, and before it came to my hand Mr. 
Springer rejoicing in it, showed it to a great many, and by that 
I think he discovered himself lo be my accuser, although he 
denies it. and all the rest of the congregation deny it. 

2nd. Because he penned a very scandalous paper against me 
last year, and mentioned therein those facts whereof I am 
accused in the Bishop's letter. And the said Mr. Springer did 
read that paper before all the congregation. I desired him then 
to let me answer to every point therein; but he denied that, and 
took the paper and tore it in pieces, and would not suffer me to 
defend myself. By that I believe, and am very sensible that he 
has been my accuser to Mr. Biork, for then he accused me falsely 
of the same crimes, and said more than he could stand to. 

3rd. I believe he informed against me, because he has many 
times threatened me in his passion before my face, to write 
home against me; and he said once to my face, that I had com- 
mitted sacrilege. 

4th. Because he called several times the vestry together, and the 
Churchwardens, and his best friends secretly without my knowl- 
edge, without any orders, and works with them against me, and 
frightens and keeps the people from writing home to the Bishop 
in my behalf, and he is an enemj- to and dislikes the good people 
that have done it already and disturbs them for what they have 
done; and by that I see he endeavors as much as he can to make 
them believe that I am guilty of the crimes I am accused of, and 
will not suffer them to clear my character from those false accu- 
sations laid to my charge. 

5th. Because his own sons said publicly that if they should 
give me a good recommendation to my Bishop, then they all 
should make themselves liars. By that I think his sons are con- 
cious that their father Springer has been my accuser. 

6th. Because Mr. Springer has yearly a secret correspondence 
with Mr. Biork, and what Mr. Springer writes to him either right 
or wrong, Mr. Biork believes it to be true. Indeed, I have some 


suspicion too of Mr. Biork's brother-in-law Hans Smith the hat- 
ter and John Stalcop, who are not the best of men, and have made 
themselves my greatest enemies. But I believe they are not 
capable without assistance from Mr. Springer, to put in writing 
such high matters or accusations against me, because they are 
both very poor writers and weak men, and cannot be credited so 
well as Mr. Springer, who is in great esteem with some at home. 
Therefore I really believe him to be my principal accuser. 

7th. Because of the factions that are made by Mr. Springer 
yearly. He has been these many years a very unruly member 
of Christeen Church, and distressed the ministers of that church 
that they could not live in peace and quietness, for his ill 
offices, and with comfort officiate at that church. My pre- 
decessor, my own brother, Andreas Hessellius was indeed 
very much afflicted by him and suffered great injuries. 
Mr. Springer threatened him as he has done me, to shut 
the church door and keep the key from him that no 
service should be done by him; and many abuses he oflfered, 
and quarrels he had with the said minister without any just 
cause or reason. And the same oppression he uses against 
me ever since I was their minister to this day. And he does not 
as a vestryman ought to do give me a reasonable assistance in 
the church affarirs. And that his wicked designs should go for- 
ward, he not only stirs up the people against me, but he per- 
suades them to choose such men to be vestrymen as he thinks to be 
fit tools for his purpase to distress their minister, and to ruin 
his credit: and the best and honestest men, the best Christians, 
that pay due respect to their minister and stand by him, and 
would do good to the church, are turned out by factious people, 
from the vestry, so that they have nothing to say. All these 
dirturbances and factions proceed from the pevishness and con- 
tentious humour of Mr. Springer, because he cannot force me 
to humour him in everything and to submit to his imperiousness. 
He has so ill- used me publicly, that he has threatened to shut 
the church door, and said that I was not worthy to go up to a 
pulpit, and that he would take the church books and records 
from me ; and publicly called me a covetious man who takes 
money for marrj'ing, and said that he would marrj' for nothing, 


because said he I have as great power to join people together as 
a minister; this he said to all the people. And many other 
uncivil words he spoke which I cannot remember. All these 
abuses I have sufiered by him without any just cause. And I 
cannot indeed see how and in what manner I have disobliged 
him and his accomplices, who follow his steps, that they should 
so unjustly calumniate me and so severely censure my conduct. 
The hardships, I and some true members of Christeen Chnrch 
labour under by this faction made by Mr. Springer are beyond 
expression. I am very sensible that the poor congregation 
at Christeen is misled by Mr. Springer and his unruly temper; 
and that they grow worse and worse by his ill example, disobe- 
dience and obstinacy against his minister. Lf t the christian world 
judge if that was well done by Mr. Springer which passed some 
weeks ago. He upoa a Sabbath day, after Divine service called 
the vestr}- together, without my knowledge and many other of his 
friends to a publick -house and called for a bottle of rum for him- 
self and the people, and inter-jocula, they signed a letter to the 
King of Sweden without my orders, and there he and they held 
an abusive conference, as I have heard by true evidences, con- 
cerning me. When they got mellow they began furiously to 
rail against their minister. One says, "The minister indeed 
deserves to be deprived of his office, and to be striped of his gown. 
Another says, *' We will write home to the Bishop, and to the 
King of Sweden, and to the King of England and Bishop of 
London, that he may be certainly deprived of his office and be 
ruined. One was ready at that time to fight with an honest man 
who happened to come in amongst them and spoke vSomething 
in my behalf, whom they took for a spy. It is indeed a barbar- 
ous thing, but very true, that such men who are at the bottom, 
good for little, should oppose me, and in such manner rail against 
their minister; but in the sight of Mr. Springer they are the best 
of men. He likes him best who is my greatest enemy. Mr. 
Springer with his companions has always complained that I 
neglected my duty towards the congregation at Christeen. I am 
very sensible that this is not true; I have served them as a 
faithful servant and the church record will show it to be so. 
And all good sensible Christians cannot find any fault with me 
in serving that church. It cannot be called a neglect when I, 


besides my industrious care over my own flock, now and then 
out of pity helped the distressed vacant churches, as my 
predecessors have done, and was an old custom with all the 
Swedish missionaries to preach among the English, and therein 
neither they nor I have transgressed the orders of our Bishop, 
who strictly enjoined me to it, and my commission under his 
own hand will show this good and general principle for the 
propagating of the Gospel and that it runs farther than my 
capacity in this case can allow, viz; to preach the Gospel 
amongst the Indians. The true members of Christeen church 
never gambled at me for doing what I did; there is more 
charity in them than to sid*^ with ray oppressors in 
this charge ; and it is to be observed that many of 
these murmurers can be proved to be no true churchmen because 
they neglect from time to time the Divine service on the Sabbath 
days in Christina, when they can have it and the holy sacra- 
ments and other christian duties. So by that, the christian world 
can see that such men are not actuated by any religious temper, 
zeal and piety, but merely by malice and prejudice against me. 
I have indeed, good reason to complain of them for their neg- 
lecting their duty towards me, and for their many abuses. The 
greatest part of my congregation have kept my salary from me, 
altho* it is very small, and cannot support me and my poor fam- 
ily. Mr. Springer had indeed, power and authority to make 
them pay my dues according to the obligation they gave, but he 
would not do anj^hing in such a religious matter, pretending it 
was against his conscience to give judgment against them to pay 
my dues, because of the neglect he said, I was guilty of. 
His conscience suffered him once to give judgment that a school- 
master in the neighborhood, who had not taught one lesson to 
some certain children should be paid out of hand, but he has no 
conscience to do a poor minister justice, not considering my low 
condition, necessity, pilgrimage and indefatigable labor. There 
is a complaint against me that I did not catechise my people. I 
am sure that I never neglected that part of my office, but I yearly 
as usual, catechised them except one summer only, when I was 
in a sickly condition, and after my recovery had some more nec- 
essary business on hand, viz : To preach to the English congre- 
gations, as I commonly did in the afternoon at Chester, Marcus 


Hook and Concord who were then like a she^ without a shep- 
herd ; and I had not time then, neither strength nor ability to give 
to Christeen church two sermons on a Sunday, as they usually 
have in time of catechising the people, but I gave one sermon to 
them and the other to the English in the afternoon. I am fully per- 
suaded that if my Bishop had at that time been here, and seen 
the desolate state of the said congregations, he had surely pitied 
them, and could not dislike, much less blame me for my readi- 
ness to do good amongst my distressed neighbors. To say that 
I omit to visit the sick and administer the sacraments to such, 
is indeed a falsehood. Our church record will show the con- 
trary. I know in my conscience that I never refused that part of 
my oflfice when I was sent for; it may be I have refused the 
persons whom I found unfit to receive it. I perceive that my 
great caution in administering the csacrament is thought and 
reported falsely by my enemies to be neglect. The other accusa- 
tions laid against me that 1 have sold two pieces of land belong- 
ing to the church and converted the money to my private use, 
are utterly false and malicious, and no man can prove such a 
sacrilege to have been committed by me, and was I guilty of such 
a crime I am sure my enemies would not spare me, but openly 
appear and prove it against me that 1 might suffer for such a 
wickedness. I perceive there is a new complaint amongst them 
against me, whereof my Bishop did not know when he wrote 
that sharp letter to me that I have neglected Christeen Church 
for six.weeks. It is true I forbore last year to preach at Christeen 
for six weeks. In that very time it was when the false accusa- 
tions came into the hands of Mr. Biork against me. But that 
was not neglect, but a just censure passed upon unruly spirits 
among us. Our coming together about that time was attended 
with so much contention along of Justice Springer and his 
adherents, that the sober and divscreet part of my congregation 
advised me to do my duty elsewhere, where I could officiate in 
peace and quietness, till the hot and furious amongst us should 
recover themselves and come to a cooler temper. There was 
such railing and scolding then at the church door, such a general 
obstinacy against paying me the promised support, that I 
resolved at last, by way of correction and rebuke, to desist preach- 
ing at Christeen, till my labors there were regarded and a better 


use made of them; and if I in this acted unbecomingly, it was 
my mistake, not neglect. . 

I am your Honour's 

* Most humble servant, 

Samuel Hessellius. 

Then there was an investigation whether or not Pastor 
Hessellius was guilty of these crimes, and if his adver- 
sary Mr. Springer and they who were on his side could 
show that Mr. Hessellius was guilty of such oflFences and 
that Mr. Hessellius won the case, and that all the com- 
plaints of him were untrue and groundless will appears 
from the following copies. 


Locs Siff-illi 1 BytheHonourablePatrick Gordon, Esq.. 

prnxntioi*^ ' Governor of the Province of Pennsylvania 

1 Pens^lvrfn^'sis I ^°^ ^^^ Counties of New Castle, Kent and 

^ ^ Sussex upon Delaware. 

• V 

These certify whom it may concern, that the following is a 
true copy of the commission by me issued at the request of Mr. 
Samnel Hessellius, minister of the Swedish Church at Christina 
and of the report thereon made to me. In testimony whereof 
I have caused the great seal of the said Province hereunto to be 
affixed. Given under my hand at Philadelphia, the 24th day of 
October, in the third year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord, 
George the Second, by the grace of God, King of Great Britain, 
France and Ireland, etc., Defender of the Faith, |etc., annoqi 
domini, 1729. P. Gordon. 

, — — . Patrick Gordon, Esq.. Governor of the Province 

< L. s. ^ of Pennsylvania and Counties of New Castle, Kent 
— . — ^ and Sussex upon Delaware. 

To Robert Gordon, David French and William Read, of the 
county of New Castle, Esquires, greeting: 

Whereas, Mr. Samuel Hessellius, minister of the Swedish 
church at Christina, hath by a petition to me set forth that sev- 
eral grievous aspersions have been cast upon him and insinu- 
ations made, as if he had neglected the duty of his function and 
has unwarrantably sold lands belonging to that church, andcon- 


verted the money to his own private use, which, having reached 
the ears of the Right Reverend the Bishop of Scara in Sweden, 
hath drawn on him, the said Hessellius, the resentment of that 
bishop, whereby he not only suffers in his reputation amongst 
his countrymen, but likewise is threatened with the loss of such 
preferment in Sweden as otherwise he might have expected, and 
although he cannot postively say who his accusers are, yet from 
several ill offices done him with those of his congregation at 
Christina, he is induced to believe that he has been thus misrep- 
resented by Charles Springer, of the county of New Castle, 
aforesaid, and a few others through his instigation. But being 
conscious of his innocence in all these matters laid to his charge 
in the said Bishop of Scara 's letter, (a copy whereof translated 
from the Swedish into the English language is hereunto annexed) 
has therefore prayed that the difference if there any be, between 
his congregation and him, may be examined by proper persons 
to the end it may be known what foundation there is for these 

Know ye therefore that I have appointed and authorized, and 
by these presents appoint and authorize you the said Robert 
Gordon, David French and William Read, or any two of you to 
make inquiry into the general articles with which the said Mr. 
Hessellius stands charged, and for that end to call before you 
such of his congregation as you shall judge best qualified to get 
those matters in a true light, and their examinations to take in 
presence of the said Mr. Hessellius and his accusers, and likewise 
to hear and judge of the defence which Mr. Hessellius shall there 
make against such things as shall be objected to him, and to make 
report of the whole to me with your opinion thereon. 

Given under my hand and seal at arms at Philadelphia, the 
sixteenth day of August, in the third year of the reign of our 
Sovereign Lord George the Second over Great Britian, France 
and Ireland, etc., Annoq Domini 1729. 

P. Gordon. 

To the Honorable Patrick Gordon, Governor of the Province of 

Pennsylvania, and of New Castle, Kent and Sussex : 
May it please your Honor: 

In obedience to your Honor's commission directed unto us, to 


inquire into certain differences between Rev. Mr. Samuel Hes- 
selius, minister at the S^e^ish church at Christina, and his 
congregation, we appointed Monday, the first day of this instant, 
September, for that purpose, that if any persons of Mr. Hessel- 
ius* congregation had any thing to lay to his charge, they 
might be present, and that Mr. Hesselius might be preparecj to 
defend himself against the accusations brought against him. 
And as your Honor has been pleased in your said commission 
farther to command us to make our report to you as well of the 
truth of the articles laid to Mr. Hesselius* charge as of the 
nature and manner of his defence, we humbly lay before your 
Honor the sevral charges against Mr. Hesselius and his defense 
to each of them separately: 

The first article was that the said Samuel Hessellius had neg- 
lected to preach to his congregation for many Sundays. To this 
Mr. Hessellius answered that he had indeed been absent some- 
times, but on such days as he was absent from Christina he 
preached to the English churches of Nc rtheast, Chester, Marcus 
Hook and Concord, which at that time had no settled ministers; 
nor was he always absent the whole Sunday, but for the most 
part preached to his congregation in the morning before he went 
abroad, and this was agreed to be true by as many of his congre- 
gation as were present. 

Article 2nd — That the said Samuel Hessellius did not catechise,, 
as former ministers had done. To this Mr. Hessellius answered 
that his not catechising was owing partly to his indisposition, 
and to his preaching to the English churches before mentioned,, 
and that it was impossible for him to catechise his hearers on 
the same day he was preaching abroad, and his congregation 
acknowledged that when he did not catechise he was supplying 
some of the said churches. 

Article 3rd. — That Mr. Samuel Hessellius did not administer 
the sacrament to the sick. To this he answered that he never 
refused to administer it when he judged the persons fit to receive 
it; that when two sick persons sent for him, he visited them', and 
that they desired to receive the sacrement, which he would have 
administered, but that he thought them not qualified to receive 
it, by reason of the violence of their indisposition which had 


affected their understanding, and no other instances of his refusal 
were gpiven to us. 

Article 4th. — ^That Mr. Hessellius had sold a tract of land be- 
longing to the church at Christina, and converted the money to 
his own use. To this he answered that the fact was utterly fisdse, 
and for his vindication desired that Edward Robinson might be 
sworn, who upon oath declared that the said land was never di- 
rectly bequeathed to the church, but that one Aaron Johnson a 
member of that congregation, by his will bequeathed the same to 
his wife, but desired that after her decease, as the words of the 
testator are, the church might have what benefit she could of his 
estate. The same Edward farther declared that the widow by 
deed of sale conveyed the same land to him in consideration of 
his maintaining and supporting her in her old age, and that after 
the widow's decease the said Edward paid to the vestry of 
Christina Church the sum of 15 pounds for the release of the 
said land, and that the whole vestry unanimously concurred in 
the release; and by the confession of the persons who were 
Churchwardens at that time, it appeared evidently to us that Mr. 
Hessellius borrowed of them part of the 15 pounds, and that he 
had since repaid the same. 

Article 5th. — That Mr. Hessellius had sold apart of the tract 
of land adjoining the glebe. As this charge was without 
foundation. Mr. Hessellius referred to the vestry for answer 
thereunto, who all declared that the said land was sold by the 
consent of the whole congregation, and that Mr. Hesselius is 
wrongfully accused in this particular, 

As your Honor has required us, we presume to offer our 
opinion of the things laid to Mr. Hessellius charge, and of his 
defence to them. 

As to the first article we must own that we do not take it to 
be a neglect in Mr. Hessellius to have preached in the English 
churches, since by his own commission from his Bishop in 
Sweden, he is permitted so to do. And when we consider that 
the said Mr. Hessellius seldom failed to preach to his own congre- 
gation in the forenoon we think i*: would be uncharitable to say 
that he had neglected his care because he was assistant to those 



who had no teacher at the time; but if this be a neglect he is 
certainly guilty of it. 

Of the 2nd article our opinion is the same as in the first since 
his not catechizing was occasioned by his preaching to the Eng- 
lish churches and some time by his indisposition. In relation to 
the 3rd article, we cannot say whether Mr." Hesselius be 
faulty or not, unless we were proper judges of the qualification 
of the persons who desired to receive the sacrament, but if the 
minister in such cases be allowed to be the best judges as we 
conceive him to be, whether a person be a proper communicant 
or not, then we think Mr, Hessellius ought not to be blamed, in- 
asmuch as thro' his caution only he thought it improper to ad- 
minister it, to such as were not at the time in their senses, and 
that this was the cause of his refusing the sacrament to them we 
think is plain, because by the confession of all, Mr. Hessellius 
went on purpose to visit them. 

As to the 4th and 5th articles, we think the charges in them 
are without foundation. We have not been able to find out who 
has thus accused Mr. Hessellius to his Bishop, and we must, in 
justice to Mr. Springer, inform your Honor that it has not ap- 
peared to us that he has represented him in this manner, and we 
are convinced that he has not been his accuser, by reason of the 
many real good offices he has done his minister. He indeed 
complained before us, as did a great part of the congregation,, 
that Mr. Hessellius was too ijrequently absent, and this they called 
a neglect in him, conceiving that by his mission and agreement 
with them, he was to serve that church only, and that he ought 
not to leave them, more especially on Sundays, or not so often as 
he has done ; and this we take to be the foundation of their church 
differences. We hope your Honor will be pleased to receive our 
endeavours to execute your Honour's commands. 

Robert Gordon. 

David French. 

Wii^i^iAM Read. 
New Castle, 6th of September, 1729. 

Copy of the Herr Commissary Archibald Cumming^s 
letter from Philadelphia to the Highworthy Herr Bishop 
Jesper Swedberg, which reads as follows: 
My Lord: 

Tho' I am an utter stranger to your Lordship, yet I hope your 


goodness will, upon considering the nature of the affair, pardon 
my presuming to offer this trouble. I am incumbent of the 
English Church in Philadelphia, and appointed by the Bishop of 
London.his commissary, to exercise spiritual jurisdiction over the 
English clergy in this government. It is my inclination to 
maintain strict friendship, and as far as matters will bear, 
brotherly unity with your missionaries from Sweden, and am 
firmly resolved to do them all good offices that lie in my power. 
The regard I have for them in general, and particularly for Mr. 
Samuel Hessellius at Christina,creates in me no small uneasiness, 
since I have understood that so worthy a gentleman as he is, has 
fallen under your Lordship's displeasure. As to what is laid to 
his charge, upon inquiry, I find it is true that he preaches once 
every month to certain congregations of English, and upon some 
few occasions officiates at some other vacant churches, but 
nevertheless his own parishioners generally agree that he 
doubles his diligence among them and spares no pain to dis- 
charge the duties of his functions faithfully among them. In 
this case I am pursuaded did your Lordship see the desolate state 
of some of our congregations, like sheep without a shepherd, 
you would be ready to pity them, and to applaud instead of 
blame Mr. Hessellius for his readiness to do good among them. 
Besides this is no more than what his predecessors did formerly, 
what Mr. Lidman does at present and what our society at home 
annually rewards them for. The other accusations laid against 
him are utterly false, and known by everybody to proceed from 
the peevishness and caprice of one old man who has made a fac 
tion among that people to distress their minister, merely because 
he cannot force honest Hessellius to do everything to humor 
him, and to pay him that service and submission which would be 
very umbecoming one of his character or any one of a liberal 
education. Unhappy and hard indeed would be the case of* any of 
the most circumspect clergyman in this remote part of the world, if 
it lay in the power of a few meddling and ill-designing men to 
ruin his credit and hinder his preferment by malicious misrepre- 
sentations. Give me leave to observe, my Lord, that as you of 
all Protestants are extremely blessed and easy in respect of be- 
ing free from dissenters from your National Church, perhaps you 
may not be so very sensible of the hardships, yours as well as 
our clergy labour under in a province which of all the English 


Governments is most over-run with sects of different denomina- 
tions, wild, enthusiastical beyond expression ; and it is no 
new thin^ for these accusers of the brethren, when they see 
regularly ordained clergymen, orthodox in the faith and diligent 
in the preopagating the same, both by precept and example, it is 
no new thing I say for them to employ fit tools from among our- 
selves ' to asperse and calumainate our conduct. As to Mr, 
Hessellius. I assure your Lordship in the strongest terms, that he 
is well esteemed and spoken of by persons of every rank for his 
sound doctrine and exemplary conversation. I earnestly beg 
your I/ordship's favor towards him; though his innocence should 
support him, yet he is very much afflicted and cast down by 
reason of the bad impression you have received concerning him. 
Pray God for give his enemies and preserve your Lordship. 
I am with profouned respect, 

My Lord 
Your most humble and most obedient servant 

Arch. Gumming, 

June 24th 1729. 

Copy of the letter of the English clergy to the Highworthy 
Bishop Swedberg, which reads as follows : 

To the Right Rev'd the Lord Bishop of Scara ; 
The humble address of the commissary 4nd clergy 
of the Province of Pennsylvania ; 
May it please Your Lordship : 

The design of propagating the Gospel in these foreign parts of 
America, and particularly in Pennsylvania, (where false doctrine 
abounds and the number of sound teachers is so small,) engaged 
the Honorable Society of London, whereof Your Lordship is an 
eminent member, to employ the Swedish missionaries here so far 
in their service, that if they preached twenty sermons per annum 
in the vacant churches, each of them should have a yearly gratu- 
ity of 10 pounds sterling paid them. It pleased the Reverend 
Mr. Samuel Hessellius among others to accept of the said socie- 
ty's offer, believing that to supply our vacant churches now and 
then, could never be construed a neglect of his more particular 
charge. His charity herein, and indeed compassion to himself 
and poor family, instead of gaining that applause which it 


truly deserved, was made a handle by two or three of his par- 
ishioners who grudged him bread » and our vacant churches the 
means ;of grace to draw upon him your Lordships heavy dis- 
pleasure. But it may suffice to justify his conduct in this affait 
that it was encouraged from London and had our constant ap- 
probation. He seldom preached in English before he had dis- 
charged the duty he owed to his own cure; and we cannot 
but pity him, (when we find that his unwearied diligence and his 
communicating the bread of life to his poor neighbours, when 
his own people had enough and to spare, is so deeply resented. 
Your Lordship, surely, never intended that one spot of the vine- 
yard here should be constantly watered, when the several paxts 
around it withered and died. That we be not tedious to your 
Lordship in a point that has been publicly heard, and deter- 
mined to our Brother's honour, we beg leave to assure your 
Lordship that Mr. Hessellius is so meanly provided for at 
Christina that he could not subsist were it not for his labour 
among our vacant churches. We beg your Lordship will be rec- 
onciled to him for he is truly a worthy, discreet and diligent 
preacher, and as such we recommend him to your special favor 

and protection. 

We are your Lordship, 
Your most humble and most obedient servants, 
Arch'dCummings, Commissary. 
George Ross, Missionary at New Castle. 
Robert Weyman, Missionary at Oxford. 
WiLi^iAM Becket, Missionary at Lewes. 
Wal. Hacket, Missionary at Appoquinimink, 
Philadelphia, Richard Backhouse, 

15th October, 1729. Missionary at Chester. 

Copy of Christina Church's letter to the High Worthy Hen- 
Bishop Swedberg, which reads as follows: 

To the most Reverend Father in God, Jesperus, Lord Bishop 
of Scara; the humble representation of the subscribers, mem- 
bers of the Swedish Church, at Christina in America: 
May it it please your Grace: 

Mr. Samuel Hessellius, our present minister, having communi- 
cated to us a letter which he had received from your Grace of 
the date of August 23d, 1728, in which you are pleased to obser\'e 
by letters from these parts directed to Mr. Biork, sometime our 
minister, you perceive that Mr. Hessellius has not behaved him- 


self in his office of a pastor as he ought to have done, that he 
has been represented as a person who has neglected the care of 
his flock, that he has not only neglected to preach to them for 
several Sundays, but also that he has omitted to visit the sick, 
and to administer the sacrament to such, and likewise he has 
sold two parcels of land belonging to the church at Christina, 
and converted the money to his own use. Now in justice to Mr. 
Hessellius, we presume to acquaint and assure your Grace that 
these accusations are groundless and malicious, and that the 
person who gave this information to Biork was acted by malice 
and prejudice against our minister Mr. Hessellius, and never had 
any reasons for such allegations. 

We observe with pleasure the good and generous intentions 
your Grace had of promoting Mr. Hessellius upon his return to 
Swecfen, and we are heartily sorry that such g^undless reports, 
and falsehoods as have been transmitted to Mr. Biork from here 
should incline you not to countenance him any longer, or to be- 
lieve that he is guilty of the things laid to his charge. We con- 
clude with our hearty acknowledgments to your Grace for hav- 
ing sent us so good a minister, and hope this will remove any 
ill opinion you may have conceived against him. 

We are, my Lord, your Grace's 

Very humble servants, 


Christiern Brunberg, Philip P V Vandbver, 

His Mark. 

Hans H P Piettersson, Jacob Vandever, 

Mark. His 

Israel I. Petersson, Andrew A Linam, 


Jonas Stedh AM, Hindric X Hindricsson, 


George Reed, Anders X. Hindricsson, Sr.. 

His His 

Andrew A Stalcop, Sr., Anders A. Hindricsson, Jr. 

Mark. Mark. 

John Seeds, Erasmus E. Stedham, 


Peter Petersson, John I Right, 

His Mark, 

Hindric X Kalsberg, Christiern Stillman, 


William Tussey, 


Peter P Petersson. 


Note. This was written in English. 


Copy of the letter of the English Church of Chester 

to'.the High Worthy Bishop, reads as follows: 

May it please your lordship: 

We, members of the church of England and inhabitants of Ches- 
ter in Pennsylvania, whose names are hereunto subscribed, pre- 
sume to beg your lordship's candid interpretation of these lines. 
Wejfind upon perusal of a letter of yours to the Reverend Mr. 
Samuel Hessellius, minister of Christina, your great resentment 
against his conduct and behavior among the people of Christina, 
summing up several articles, wherein he has misbehaved himself- 
to some of which we think it a duty strictly incumbent upon us 
to reply, to vindicate the injured innocence of the aforesaid Mr. 
Hessellius from the odious calumnies his barbarous enemies have 
cast upon him, and to undeceive your Lordship in those grotmd- 
less opinions you have entertained of him. This is, therefore, 
to give you to understand that we are the people whom Mr. Hes- 
sellius, when we were in a most forlorn and deplorable condition, 
piously relieved from the injuries of spiritual darkness by pub- 
lic Divine service, for which he had incurred your displeasure as 
to be within a little (though unheard himself) to be forever de- 
prived from your protection, banished your favor, and suspended 
from his sacerdotal ofl&ce. A sentence, we cannot but hope, 
upon your due consideration of these lines, j^ou will intirely re- 
verse. For years together, we labored under such hard and uu- 
happy circumstances, that we had no minister either to baptize 
our infants, catechise our youth, administer the sacrament of the 
Lord's Supper, visit the sick or bury our dead ; neither had we 
any public Divine service ; but when this pious gentleman 
during the space of about two years and six months at our 
importunity, came among us, and that was but every third 
Sunday at the most ; nay, so tender and indulgent was he over 
his people at Christina, that he preached to them at the usual 
hour for Divine service, and afterwards so indefatigably diligent 
was he, that he came to us on the same day. We are very much 
afflicted to find the pious gentleman so meanly rewarded, 
for those so great and meritorious services of giving light 
to those that were in darkness, and of preaching the 
Gospel to the poor, even when he neglected not those who 



were more immediately by his orders from Sweden, committed 
to his care. Were innocence preservative against evil tongues, 
or could sanctity or a good conscience secure a man from unjust 
calumny, we believe Mr. Hessellius' character would have 
appeared in your discerning judgment unspotted and glorious; 
and as eminently would he have enjoyed your favor as any of 
his brethren that ever you were pleased to send into America. 
And we are well assured and believe that all men whatsoever 
acquainted with the gentleman, whose judgement is not blinded 
with prejudice, but governed by the dictates of an inofifensive 
conscience will agree, that all those accusations laid against him 
are false, scandalous and malicious. May therefore, not only 
this, but all such like attempts for the future be discounte- 
nanced, and may there never be wanting plenty of such faithfril 
stewards over Christ's household, is the earnest prayer of 

May it please your Lordship 
Your Lordships 

most humble servants 

for Chester 

Henry Bo wring, 
John Pike, 
WiLUAM Pile, 
Matthias Martins, 
John Garret, 
Joseph Bond, 
Henry Guest, 
Thomas Sill, 
John Wade, 
Joseph Richards, 
Thomas Giffing, 
Thomas Broom, 
Stephen Cole, 
Thomas Chester, 
Joseph Tomplen. 

( Ralph Pile, 

I Alexander Hunter, 

I John Mather, 

[ Henry Munday. 

James Widdows, 
Timothy Cummins, 
Benjamin Ford, 
Edward Early, 
Henry Pierce, Sen. , 
Richard Hanby, 
Henry Pierce, Junr., 
Joseph Grice, 
Joseph Baker, 
Michael Atkinson, 
James Mather, 
William Treahame, 
William Rassen, 
George Reed, 

332 recorbs of 

Marriages, 1730. 

1. James Senexon and Margaret Werdeman, married January 

2. Anders Hannah and Margaret Sherman, married January 

3. Samuel Strout and Hanna Talley, married January 27th. 

4. Isachar Green and Sara Green, (gov. license), married April 

5. John Garritsson and Elizabeth Cock, married May 14th. 

6. Ambrous Clayton and Martha Bam, (gov. license), married 
May 27th. 

7. Ralph Whithersand Mary Bird, (gov. license), married May 

8. Pastor Magister Samuel Hessellius and Gertrude Stille,(gov. 
license), married July ist. 

9. Andrew Rossen and Sara Bloair, (gov. license), married 
July 28th. 

10. Carl Cornelius and Annika Dirixon, married August 20th. 

11. Anders Rinberg and Maria Likon, (gov. license), married 
Aug^ist 14th. 

12. Daniel Parsons and Brigget Fegen, (gov. license), married 
October 5th. 

13. Edward Robbesson and Sara Bird, (gov. license), married 
December 9th. 

14. Michael Padrick and Anna Robbesson, (gov. license), mar- 
ried December 26th. 

Baptisms, 1730. 

1. Peter Classon and wife Walberg's child Elizabeth, bom De- 
cember 1 8th, 1729, baptized January ist. 

2. James Canida and wife Jane's child, Wilyam, bom Decem- 
ber 28th, 1729, baptized February 15th. 

3. PM P41sson and wife Magdalena's child Dorothea, bom 
January 20th, baptized February 15th. 

4. Hans Petersson and wife Elizabeth s child Rubin, bom Jan- 
uary 24ih, baptized February 15th. 

5. Christiem Bmnberg and wife Maria's child John, bom Janu- 
ary 29th, baptized February 15th. 


6. I^rs Vinan and wife Elizabeth's child Hindric, 6 months 
old, baptized March 15th. 

7. John Senepon and wife Ingeborg's child John, bom Febru- 
ary 28th, baptized March 29th. 

8. Jacob Vandever and wife Maria's child Susanna, bom 
March 20th, baptized March 29th . 

9. Martin Kelle and wife Catharina's child Maria, born April 
2d, baptized April 12th. 

10. Lucas Stedham and wife Ingeborg's child Elizabeth, bom 
April 2d, baptized April 12th. 

11. William VandeVer and wife Margareta's child John, bom 
April 26th, baptized April 29th. 

12. Hindric Stedham and wife Cathari'na's child Adam, born 
April 23d, baptized May loth. 

13. William White and wife Maria's child Thomas,bom March 
30th, baptized May loth. 

14. Richard Madgier and wife Sara's child John, born May 3d, 
baptized May 17th. 

15. Marten Justice and wife Brita's child Lydia, bom May 
28th, baptized May 30th. 

16. Patrick Done and wife Elizabeth's child Susanna, i year 
old, baptized June 14th. 

17. Jonas Walraven and wife Maria's child Sara, bom June 
2 2d, baptized June 27th. 

18. Thomas West and wifeKerstin's child Christina, bom June 
17th. baptized June 27th. 

19. Jesper Walraven and wife Annika's child Jonas, bom 
August 3d, baptized August 9th. 

20. John Seed and wife Brita's child Susanna, bom August 
13th, baptized August i6th. 

21. Peter Petersson Canpany and wife Magdalena*s child 
Susanna, born August 12th, baptised August i6th. 

22. Elizabeth Bryan's illegitimate child William, 9 months 
old, baptized August i6th. 

23. John Rigth and wife Anna's child Matthias, bom August 
26th, baptized August 30th. 

24. Hindric Kdlsburgand wife Elizabeth's child Maria, bom 
vSeptember 5th, baptized September 7th. 


25. George Reed and wife Ingeborg*s child Lydia, born Sept- 
ember 5th, baptized October 2d. 

26. Jones Stedham and wife Helena's child Christina, born 
October 31st, baptized November 8th. 

27. Mdrten M^rtensson and wife Kerstin's child Anna,6 weeks 
old, baptized November 22d. 

28. Adam Staal and wife Christina's child Adam, bom Dec- 
ember 2d, baptized December 6th. 

29. Laughlin McLean and wife Anna's child Sara,3 weeks old, 
baptized December loth. 

30. John Garritson and wife Elizabeth's child Thomas, some 
weeks old, baptized December 13th. 

31. Brewer Seneke and wife Brita's child Brewer, born Febru- 
ary 26th, baptized March 23rd. 

BuRiAi^, 1730. 

1 . Pastor Herr Magister Samuel Hesselius* wife Brita, buried 
January 27th. 

2. Peter Pdlsson, senior, buried March 28th. 

3. Jonas Stalcop, buried April 15th. 

4. Christiem Brunberg's child Matthias, buried August 24th. 

5. Peter Petersson Canpany's child Helena, buried August 

6. Chrirtiem Brunberg's child John, buried August 29th. 

7. Antilli Stalcop's step daughter Elizabeth,|buried September 

8. Antilli Stalcop's son Andreas, buried September 15th. 

9. Edward Robbesson's wife Elizabeth, buried September 23d. 

10. Philip VandeVer's wife Brita, buried November ist. 

A. D. 1730. Pastor Herr Magister Samuel Hessellius 

received his letter of testimony and recommendation 

from the English Priests given at their meeting in 

Philadelphia which reads as follows: 

Our most esteemed brother in Christ and reverend (companion) 
Samuel Hessellius, Master of Arts, also pastor of the Swedish 
Church on the banks of the river, commonly called Christine, 
nd returning to his country, by command of the most serene 
King of Sweden, we, the ministers of the English Church in the 
province of Pennsylvania, judge him to be specially worthy of 
these letters of commendation. 


a We therefore testify, this man of God to have worked through 
many years faithfully and fearlessly in this transmarine vine- 
yard of the Lord, and to have suffered no detriment of his 
reputation by report; but, on the contrary' since it is a fact that 
his virtue is worthy of praise. In various cases, the Brother has 
evinced the highest patience in adverse affairs, and extreme 
skill in exciting great industry in the propagation of the Gospel. 
Indeed many wicked ones from among the people, (with shame 
be it said) have attempted with wonderful boldness from an 
impulse of envy, to put a stain upon him; but they have been 
foiled in this envious hope/ for the Brother has been publicly 
cleared from all known causes of complaint. 

Wherefore, we earnestly entreat, the leaders and other lev- 
erend workers in his ministry, tliat they may receive and 
cherish their colleague in the Church of God, as specially 
worthy of honor from us. 

Finally we commend him to the patrons of the venerable 
society for propagating the Faith ; on account of the ofl&ce of 
communion, zealously administered to us otherwise deprived 
thereof, and scattered here and there. 

It would be an alleviation to us moreover, that the burden of 
poverty should be lifted from him. May God grant tJiat our 
thrice best, greatest and most worthy Protector in Sweden, may 
remain unharmed and may long be an ornament to the Christian 
Republic, and when released, may be taken to the Celestial 
Country, through our Lord, Jesus Christ. Amen. 

Archibald Cumings, 

(George Ross, 

Missionary at New Castle. 
Robert Weyman, 

Missionary at Oxford. 
Walter Racket, 

Missionary at Appoquinimink. 
Richard Backhouse, 

Missionary at Chester. 
John Hollbrook, 

Missionary at Salem, New Jersey. 

a Written in I^atin. 


Copy of a letter sent from Sweden to the Hon. Patrick 
Gordon, Governor of Pennsylvania, by Magister Eric 
Biork and Magister Andrew Hessellius, former Pastor of 
the church of Christina : 

May it Please Your Honor: 

We, the ministers of the Church of Sweden, who formerly had 
the good fortune for many years successively to be missionaries 
in Pennsylvania, and of ofUciating both in English and Swedish 
churches in said province, do beg leave to appear before your 
Honor in these lines, though coming from unknown hands and a 
great distance of places. 

Whereas it has been reported to us by our Brother, Mr. Samuel 
Hessellius late Minister of the Swedish church at Christina, in 
New Castle Co., upon Delaware, that under his straitened cir- 
cumstances in those parts he has been greatly abused and loaded 
with many injuries amongst his own parishioners and at last by 
your Honor's candid and celebrated justice for preserving the 
unity of the church, by discarding the party designing ill, his 
good name has been wholly restored to him and he has been 
protected from his oppressors ; we find ourselves very much 
obligdd to render our most humble thanks to your Honor. We 
have been likewise informed that your Honor has condescended 
to the humble request of the said minister, and ordered your 
Magistrates at New Castle, viz. : Robert Gordon, David French and 
Wm. Reed Esq., to enquire into certain differences between the 
said Mr. HevSsellius and his congregation, but by the report of the 
said gentlemen to your Honor, dated New Castle, the 6th of 
Sept., 1729, we find that, however, the 4th article laid to Mr. 
Hessellius' charge is proved to be without foundation, yet are 
we amazed to see by the said article, that one Edward Robinsson 
has so far broken loose from all obligations to faith and truth, 
that he upon his solemn oath has denied the plainest matter of 
fact, viz: That Aaron Johnson 's land was bequeathed to the church 
at Christina, and that afler the decease of his wife the whole es- 
tate both real and personal was to be taken care of for the use 
and benefit of the said church. This is a matter of such im- 
portance that we cannot overlook it without inexcusable negli- 


gence and want of concern for that church formerly under our 
care since our obligations to her are such as might well natural- 
ize us into the interests of both her spiritual and temporal pros- 
perity. We therefore do now most humbly beseech your Honor 
that you will be pleased to take cognizance of what we here do 
presume tb transmit to your Honor. 

The enclosed paper which is a true copy of those transactions 
concerning the right and title of Aaron Johnson's land bequeathed 
to the church, will we hope sufficiently demonstrate that the truth 
and existence of a lawful will and testament was already fixed 
and settled long before Edward Robinson made any opposition 
against. How it came to pass that afterwards several of the 
members of Christina Church together with their minister 
Mr. Samuel Hessellius have been thus induced to give up their 
church's claim is an unaccountable thing to us, unless the 
original papers which were left in Christina have been sup- 
pressed by Edward Robinson, and he the said Edward, by an 
undue influence over the Churchwardens to trouble and prevent 
the course of justice, has bargained with the vestry of Christeen 
to pay that petty sum of ^15 for the release of the land. 

As for the pretended deed of sale, by which Aaron Johnson's 
widow is declared to have conveyed the said land to Edward, we 
solemnly protest against it, not only as an unlawful deed, but as 
the basest thing in the world that could be devised, both to injure 
an old crazy woman, and do the greatest spite to the religion of 
the church of which he the said Edward long before had pro- 
fessed himself a member. 

There were indeed some fair attempts made in my (Andrew 
Hessellius) time, towards regaining that land from whose posses- 
sion the church has been kept out for several years, but by 
reason of my return to Sweden it never came to any conclusion, 
though we had the law so plainly on our side. Now let Edward 
assert his pretended right as confidently as he please, yet the 
truth of the matter will most evidently appear by putting this 

Suppose the reverse of a lawful will were solemnly established, 
and the practice of fraud and perjury and falseness to a man's 
word were established by a law, we ask now if the case between 


a lawful will and an encroachment of fraud and violence on 
another man's rights were thus altered, would the enjoyment of 
the fruit of fraud and perjury and breach of trust in process of 
time make it a lawful possession ? If your Honor would be 
pleased to order the records of New Castle Court to be searched, 
and the original of Aaron Johnson 's will bearing date the 20th 
of November, 1701, to be produced, you will certainly find the 
case to be parallel with our supposition, as soon as Edward 
Robinson shall be forced to produce his pretended deed also, 
together with other writings concerning his manner of bringing 
the old woman to an act she never understood or intended, and 
afterwards disposing of her maintenance upon what terms and 
conditions he pleased. 

But we are aware that som^piembers of the church at Christina 
m%y yet be unwilling to own the truth concerning Edward 
Robinson's ways and means of getting the land so soon as he 
had temptation to take it. We are aware we say that those men 
who formerly were so forward for the providing and proving the 
will, that they could not without detestation and abhorrence think 
of attempting a thing so odious as to go about to take away the 
properties of the church, are now so far engaged in Edward's in- 
terest and so factiously concerned to maintain it that they bend 
all their wits to justify his wicked doings. 

We heartily wish we could clear one of your Magistrates, 
Charles Springer, from this charge. But that gentlemamn.arried 
into connection with Edward's family, is too well known as 
working for the interest of said Edward in this controversy, 
always making a shift to say something for an^-thing, and some 
way or other blanching over the blankest and most absurd thing 
in the world. It is a g^evous thing that the principal member 
of that church, the interest of which by his care and zeal was 
mightily promoted from the very beginning of it, should now at 
last be looked upon as an enemy to her peace and happiness and 
a hinderer of the comfortable support of her minister. Mr. 
Springer knows ver>- well, if he would be so sincere as to confess it. 
that Aaron Johnson ncN-er intended by his will and testament to lay 
any injunction upon his relict which should be inconsistent with, 
his endeavor to promote the interest of the church. All he meant 
was in general to insure the church from that part of his estate. 


the mercenary men of business, (such as Edward Robinson seems 
to be) who act for themselves, and in a few years become creditors 
to their masters till they have transferred the whole estate to 
themselves. And this is that master piece of villany we now 
complain of to your Honor, and thus do we find Edward Robin- 
son to have acted, forswearing himself by telling his untruths 
so often and averring them with so much confidence that he him- 
self in process of time might have believed that to be true, which 
his conscience at first condemned as a lie. If this can in any 
manner mitigate his sin of perjury, we humbly submit it to 
your Honor's judgment. Edward Robinson is to have his satis- 
faction for the maintenance of the old gentlewoman, and what 
care besides for her, from the revenues from the plantation, and 
not at all by hook and by crook take away the plantation itself 
for it. He also has forfeited 300^., as will appear by the en- 
closed bond and obligation. He ought to restore the plantation 
to Christina Church again, otherwise his sin will never be re- 
mitted. Edward Robinson knows very well how I, (Eric Biork), 
did when I lived in the country and he ought not to upset that. 
We have, we are afraid, wearied your Honor in giving you the 
trouble of reading this tedious account of our church differences 
In Christeen, and therefore we now conclude with our most 
humble petition that your Honor would be pleased to take into, 
consideration these matters for the protection of that church,, 
which in comparison with your English churches is as a cottage 
in a vineyard straitened by the impudence of her enemies both 
within and without. We humbly apply ourselves to your 
Honor's wonted practice for retreiving and preserving the church's 
right, that the enemies of our holy religion may never triumph 
over any disappointment of its true lovers and zealous promoters 
and we pray the g^eat God to prosper all your pious under- 
takings to promote his Glory and the good of his church especially 
in those remote places of the pilgrimage of 

Your Honor's 
Dated at Fahlun in 

Swedland, Most humble and obedient Servants^ 

the roth of December, 1731 

Ericus Biork, Andrew Hesselijus, 

Pastor of the church Provost of Gagnef, 

at Fahlun 

a. This was written in English. 


Copy of a letter to 
the proprietors. 

To the Honorable Thomas Penn and Richard Penn Esquires 
true and absolute Proprietors and Governors of the counties of 
New Castle, Kent and Sussex upon Delaware and Province of 

The petition of the Minister, Churchwardens and Vestry-men 
of the Swedes Lutheran Church, Called Trinity Church, in the 
Borough of Wilmington. 

Most Humbly Sheweth. 

That whereas a certain Aaron Jonsson late of Christiana 
Hundred in the County of New Castle, yeoman deceased in his 
Ufe time, was seized in his demesne as of fee, of land in one third 
part in three parts divided, of a certain Island commonly called 
Bread and Cheese Island,containin£^ about Three Hundred Acres, 
and also of and in forty-nine ^acres and fifty -three perches of 
land, being part of a larger tract called Redeley's Point; both 
situate in the Hundred and County aforesaid, and being so seized 
on the third day of January in the year of our Lord 1694, made 
his last will and Testament in writing duly executed, and 
thereby divided all his land real and personal to his wife Barbara, 
and afterwards, to wit, on the twenty -third day of November, 
An. Dom. 1701, made and published in due form of law a cer- 
tain codicil to his said will, whereby he gave and bequeathed 
after his wife's death all his Estate real and personal to the Swede's 
Church built upon Christina, named Church of the Holy 
Trinity, which the Revererid Minister Churchwardens succes- 
sively one after the other were to dispose of to the Honor of God 
for the said church, etc. thereof being seized. The said Aaron 
Jonsson soon after departed this lite, and the wife of the said 
Aaron proved his said will and codicil in due manner, and took 
upon herself the burthen of the execution thereof, as by the 
same will and codicil and proceedings thereupon remaining in 
the office of the Register for the probate of wills, and granting^ 
letters of administration in and for the county of New Castle, 
relation being had thereto doth more fully and at large appear. 

That the widow and survivor of the aforesaid A. Jonsson entered 
into the premises and thereof became seized for the term of her 


life, and sometime in or about the year 1715, died intestate and 
without issue or any heir to the knowledge of your petitioners. — 
Your petitioners further show that they are advised, the church 
aforesaid, or the minister and congregation thereof cannot hold 
and enjoy the lands aforesaid as the then ministers and Church- 
wardens were foreigners and not naturalized, and could have no 
succession not being incorporated — ^and also that it is doubted 
whether the devise to the church aforesaid in manner aforesaid, 
is such as would be construed a charitable use within the per- 
vieu of the Statute of the 43d Elizabeth, called the Statute of 
charitable uses. 

But your petitioners are a Body Politick and corporate, and 
have a perpetual succession by virtue of an Act of Assembly of 
this Government passed the 33rd year of his late Majesty's 
reign — Entitled an Act to redress the misemployment of lands 
and stocks of money heretofore given and purchased for the use of 
the minister of the Swedish Lutheran Church, etc. etc., and there- 
by are in equity entitled to ever3^ing heretofore given for the use 
of the aforesaid church, and capable of taking a grant for any land 
for the uses and according to the directions contained in the Act 
of Assembly aforesaid. Therefore, as it evidently appears to be 
the clear intention of Arent Johnsson the above named testator, 
that the foresaid church should have this whole estate after the 
death of his wife, and as the same now is either forfeited or 
escheated to your Honors your petitioners most humbly request 
that your Honors will be pleased to take the premises into con- 
sideration, and cause a patent to issue to your petitioners in their 
politick capacity for the before mentioned lands of the aforesaid 
testator, ag^reeable to his pious and charitable desire expressed in 
his last will and testament aforesaid, Jan. i, 1763, and your 
petitioners will ever pray, 

» u 


^ ^-v-' ' Signed by the Minister, Churchwardens and Vestry- 
i^en February 5th, sent to Wm. Peters the proprietor's secretary 
with a letter, further showing the naturE and to recommend the 
case, also a letter to Richard Peters that he may influence the 
Sent February 8th, 1763. 


Copy of a letter from the Rev. Mr. Borell to the Rev. Richard 
Peters of the English Church in Philadelphia. 
Dear and Rev. Sir : 

As the Body Politick and Corporate of the Swedes Lutheran 
Church, called Trinity Church, in the Borough of Wilmington 
and County of New Castle, have applied to Mr. McKean of New 
Castle, to insinuate their humble petition to their Honors, Thos. 
and Richard Penn, for granting to them a patent in their politcik 
capacity for the lands g^ven and bequeathed to the same church, 
of one Arent Jonsson yeoman deceased, by his last will, and testa- 
ment in the year 1761. &c., as further, from the said petition 
doth appear, and whereas, it is intended for such pious and char- 
itable use, permit me dear sir to avail myself of this opportunity 
to wait on you, and humbly in the name of my congregation to 
request the favor to represent our most humble petition to their 
honors in the most favorable light, fully persuaded that your pow* 
erful intercession will have the greatest influence on their Honors' 
mind to the good success of our just petition. And as I retain 
a very grateful sense of all you shewed to my predecessors and 
especially to me, this new instance will make your memory dear 
to the whole congregation and to posterity. 

I remain with great truth, 
Your affectionate brother and humble servant, 

And' Borell. 

N. B. — Having found these letters among the church papers in 
the old chest, and as they relate to the same matter as the pre- 
ceding letters from Sweden, I have inserted them here though 
of later date, as I find nothing further with regard to the 
Bread and Cheese Island estate. 

H. B. 
Marriages. 1731. 

1. Thomas Grindall and Eleanor Cook, Governor's license, 
married January 15th. 

2. James Hannelkin and Jane Gelaspy, married January 28th; 

3. William Haul and Catharina Mag Curde. (McGurdy) mar- 
ried February 25th. 

4. David Bar and Anna More, Governor's license, married 
March 4th. 


5. Tobias Hindricsson and Catharina Homspoker, Governor 
License, married March 15th. 

6. Daniel Moloughny and Margaret Starret, married April 15. 

7. Daniel Mickel andGrashon Durnal, married May 20th. 

8. Thomas Neal and Susanna Quin, married May 30th. 

9. George Linmeyer and Judith Mounsson,Govemor*s license, 
married May 30th, 

10. William Reity and Mary Hill, married August ist. 

11. John Hill and Sara Price, married August 2nd. 

12. Rees Rees and Margaret Green, Governor License, married 
August 26th. 

Baptisms, 1731. 

1. Gustaf Pilsson and wife Marget'sjchild Maria, 8 weeks old, 
baptized January ist. 

2. Israel Robbisson and wife Elizabeth's child Elizabeth, bom 
December 7th, 1730, baptized January ist. 

3. Walraven Walraven and wile Kerstin's child, Sara, bom 
January 3d. baptized January 3d, 

4. James Pitzsimmon and wife Marget's child Maria, 9 weeks 
old, baptized January i6th. 

5. Wiljam Clenny and wife Maria's child Jane, 2 months old, 
baptized January i6th. 

6. Hans Smith and wife Maria's child Andreas, bora January 
14th, baptized January 17th. 

7. James Senexon and \^'ife Margareta's child James, bom Feb. 
7th, baptized February 13th. 

8. Israel Petersson and wife Marget's child Annika, bom Feb. 
6th, baptized February 14th. 

9. Peter Petersson and wife Annika 's child Susanna, bom 
March 4th, baptized March 7th. 

10. Carl Cornelius and wife Anna's child Andreas, bom March 
27th, baptized April 4th. 

1 1 . Thomas Clark and wife Annika's child Maria, one month 
old, baptized August nth. 

12. John Mdrten and wife Margareta's child Petrus,bom March 
28th, baptized April nth. 

13. Gustaf Gustafsson and wife Kerstin's child Gustavus, bom 
April 22nd, baptized April 26th. 


14. Pastor Herr Magister Samuel Hessellius and wife Gertrude's 
child Samuel, bom May 23rd, baptized May 29tli. 

15. Garrit Garritsson and wife Elizabeth's child Anna, bom 
May 16th, baptized May 30th. 

16. Peter Tossawa and wife Marget's child Anna, bom June 
20th, baptized June 27th. 

17. Peter Pdlsson and wife Catharina's child Elizabeth, 2 weeks 
old, baptized July i8th. 

18. Matthias M^ensson and wife Elizabeth's child Thomas, 
4 weeks old, baptized July 13th. 

19. Robert Robertsson and wife Catharine's child Elizabeth, 
bom August 7th, baptized August 13th. 

20. Samuel I^wis and wife Maria's child Wiljam, bom May 
2oth, baptized September 4th. 

21. Wiljam Tossawa and wife Maria's child Christina, bom 
September 7th, baptized September 12th. 

22. Samuel Mead and wife Anna's child Wiljam, 7 months 
old, baptized September 12th. 

23. Wiljam Andersson and wife Kerstin's child Maria, bom 
October 2nd, baptized October loth. 

24. Jonathan Kirk and wife Maria's child Josua, one year old, 
baptized October nth. 

25. David Enoch and wife Helena's child Gertrude, 3 -weeks 
old, baptized November 9th. 

25. Hendrick Stedham and wife Catharina's child Judith, bom 
November 4th, baptized November 9th. 

27. Christopher Springer and wife Chatarine's child Susanna, 
bom November" I oth, baptized November 21st. 

28. Carl Springer and wife Marget's child Catharina bom 
November 21st, baptized November 22nd. 

29. Wiljam Vandever and wife Marget's child Cornelius, bom 
December ist, baptized December 12th. 

30. Carl Morten aud wife Marget 's child Maria, about 8 years 
old, baptized December 12th. 

Burials 1731. 

1. Andreas Springer buried January i6th. 

2. Israel Springer buried Januar}^ 24th. 

3. Sara Meyer buried February 21st. 


4. John P&lsson's wife Sophia, buried June 30th. 

5. Hans Petersson Smith's child Reuben, buried July 6th. 

6. Robert Robinsson's child Elizabeth, buried August 15th. 

7. Pastor Mag. Samuel Hessellius' child Christina buried 


8. Peter Pfilsson's child Andreas, buried September 19th. 

9. Rener Kioln's children Jacob and Jonas, buried December 

A. D. 1 73 1 — October nth. At a general meeting of 

the Church Council it was resolved that Lucas Stedham 

should have possession of Jonas Stalcop and his wife's 

pews as Lucas Stedham has bought them of Jonas and 

gave of his good-will 45 shillings. 

October loth. — The pastor Herr Magi^ter Samuel 
Hessellius preached his valedictory sermon in the 
church at Christina and after the close of Divine service 
the Church Council submitted their names to the 
following letter to His Royal Majesty in Sweden as 


Most Mighty All-gracious King: 

No greater favor can a pious authority grant to an 
expatriated people than your Royal Majesty has graciously 
accorded to us strangers here in America. We have 
not lacked whatever has been necessary to our souls 
culture and welfare more than if we had tarried in our old 
Fatherland Sweden. Godly books and pious teachers 
have we time after time by your Royal Majesty been 
graciously blessed with, so that the people of other 
denominations here in the country have looked upon 
us as peculiarly fortimate. May God grant that we 
may not hereafter miss this great prosperity. 

As it was your Royal Majesty's will to call home the 
pastor of the church at Christina Magister Samuel 
Hessellius who for 12 years has discharged the office and 


duties of pastor over us, he is now about to take his 
departure for Sweden. 

Therefore as members of the Swedish church, we 
give him the testimony that he has fulfilled his trust 
faithfully, being zealous for the spreading of the pure 
evangelical doctrines both near and far, and hardly any 
one in our judgment could take more in hand and bring 
it to a better result than he has done. 

He has also in his daily life as his position required, 
conducted in a pious and God-fearing manner, and es- 
tablished a good name and reputation. Moreover we 
have the opinion that if he could be stationed ^t a place 
where tobacco can be cultivated, he might be of much 
use to the Fatherland, as he has made himself well 
acquainted here in the parts which it is raised, and has 
studied its cultivation. We request your Royal Majesty 
that he may be soon provided with a situation, because 
he has to provide for a large family, and will with the 
long and expensive journey come with empty hands to 
his destined place. 

And for this as for all other Royal favours we have 
nothing to give but earnest prayers to God for your 
Royal Majesty's welfare, for which we will faithfully 
implore the great God so long as we have life and 

Your Royal Majesty's 

most submissive and humble servants, 

and faithful intercessors. 

Church Council at Christina: 

Jacob V Vandever, Lucas Stedham, 

Philip P V Vandevkr, Christeen Brinbug, 

MouNS Justice, Timothy T S Stedham 




Bengt Bengtsson, B Gustavus Hessellius, 


Garret Girtsson, Fredrick Schmidt, 


Lars Boor, Olle Stille, W 


Raccoon : 
Bavid Vanneman, Peter Rambo, 


Penns Neck: 


Jacob Hindricsson, Aud Bonde, B 



WiLjAM Vanneman, Henry Petersson, U 


A letter to the Highworthy Herr Bishop, which the 
church council subscribed the same day at the church 
at Christina as follows: 

Highworthy Father Herr Doctor and Bishop, 

Very gracious patron, 

We present to the most worthy Father this our humble 
writing as a testimony to our pastor in Pennsylvania, in 
America, over the church at Christina, Magister Samuel 
Hessellius as to teaching and life. As to his teaching 
he has God's Holy word plainly and clearly explained 
and set forth to our entire satisfaction, and administered 
the Highworthy sacraments in their unfalsified use in 
accordance with the evangelical teachings. He has none 
the less been unwearied though it has cost him many 
laborious journeys also, to deal out God's word among 
those who were desolate and scattered. 

As to his life he has maintained the true character of 
a Priestman in all respects, and it cannot be doubted 
that he will in process of time show himself to be pos- 


sessed of the good qualities that we have ascribed to him 
as soon as he shall be promoted to the care of a church 
in his Fatherland, and now we commit both him and 
ourselves next to God to the High worthy Father's 
protection, with earnest prayers to God for the High- 
worthy Father's welfare, remaining 

The Highworthy Fathers, 

Most Humble Servants, • 
Faithful Intercessors. 
Church Council at Christeen: 


Mans Justis, Philip a Van de Ver, 


Christirn Brinburg, Timotheus S Stedham,. 


Jacob a Van de Ver, 


Wicaooe Church. 


Bengt Bengtsson, B Fredrick Schmit, 

Mark His 

Lars Boor, Grunt Ger Asson X 


GusTAEus Hessellius, Olle Sille, W 



David Von Nemen, Peter Rambo, 

Henry Hindricsson, Mouns Keen, 

Penn's Neck Church. 


Jacob Hindricsson, Anders Bonde, B 



WiLjiAM Von Nemen, Henry Petersson, W 


Garrit Von Nemen, 

The Rev. Mr. Samuel Hessellius Minister of the 
Lutheran congregation at Christeen having applied 


himself to us the commissary and missionaries in the 
Province of . Pennsylvania for our approbation of his 
return home without staying any longer for his Bishop's 
direction for that purpose which direction we find His 
Majesty of Sweden was graciously pleased to order to 
be issued out and sent by the first opportunity. We, 
taking our poor brother's circumstances in consideration 
and knowing that he has sold his household goods 
to prepare himself for his voyage and how little encour- 
agement he has to continue here, and we being likewise 
willing he should pay all possible defference to his 
Sovereign's Royal mandate which we saw well attested 
and without reflecting that the Bishop's extreme old 
age for which it is hard that another should suffer, 
might be the occasion that the said mandate was not 
duly executed, or that the Bishop's letter in pursuance 
of the said order might miscarry, do for these reasons 
heartily acquiesce in and as far as in us lies, freely ap- 
prove of the said Mr. Hessellius' leaving tfiese parts in 
order to enjoy the kind intentions of his Royal Prince's 
express command to his Right Reverend Bishop, assur- 
ing ourselves that his conduct in this particular cannot 
offend any save those who do not desire to see him pre- 
ferred according to his merit and virtue. And that we do 
more cheerfully agree to, for that the brethren the Swedish 
missionaries here have engaged themselves not to have 
his congregation desolate in the interval betwixt his 
departure and the arrival of his successor, and now 
recommending him to the protection of Almighty God, we 
beg that the most favoroble construction may be put 
upon his going home^ though in every circumstance it 
be not so strictly regular as he himself could wish it 
were; and we pray also that the Honorable Society for 
propagation of the Gospel, etc. in whose service he has 


labored more than all his predecessors and that with 

success and applause would honour our worthy Brother 

with the usual marks of their favour and regard. 

Given under our hands at Philadelphia the first day of 

November A. D., 1731. 

George Ross, Archibald Cummings, 

Missionary' at New Castle. Commissar>\ 

Walter Racket, Richard Backhouse, 

Missionary' at Missionary at Chester. 

Appoquinimink, William Becket, 

Missionary at Lewes. 
Bai*tisms, 1732. 

1 . Timotheus Stedham and wife Hlizabath's child Marget, bom 
December ist, baptized December 2nd. 

2. Samnel Fandric and wife Annika\s child Maria, December 
ist, baptized same day. 

3. Cornelius Ket and wife Marick's child Judith, born Novem- 
ber ist, baptized January ist. 

4. Jacob Stille and wife Rebecca's child Seth, bom Jannary 
1 6th, baptized January 30th. 

5. Peter Hindricsson and wife Anna's child Johan. bom 
December i6th, baptized December 30th. 

5. Jacob Rogis and wife Johanna's children Johanne's and 
Cornelius, bom January 7th, baptized January 14th. 

6. Johannes Springer and wife Maria, born January 18th, bap- 
t ized January 3 1 st . 

6. James Senneckson and wife Margaret Werdman's child Henry 
bom May 4th. 

7. John Seed and wife Brita's child Nicklos, born January 30th, 
baptized Januarj- 31st. 

8. Lucas Stedham and wife Ingeborg's child Ingeborg, bora 
March 25th. 

9. Peter Andersson and wife Kerstin 's child Catharina, bom 
January 16th, baptized March 26th. 

10. Peter Classon and wife Walborg's child Israel, bom April 
7th , baptized April 23rd. 


11. John Sennexen and wife Ingeborg's child Sara. t?om March 

12. Reg^er Culen and widow Annika's child William, bom 
March i5th^ baptized April zjrd. 

13. Hance Petersson and wife Catharina's child, Jonas, bom 
April 12th, baptized April 23rd. 

14. Jonas Stedham and wife Helena's child Zacharias. bom 
February 20th, baptlzecf March 26. 

15. James Fitzsimmons and wife Margaretta*s child Elizabeth^ 
bom April i ith, baptized April 23rd. 

16. Marten Jnstafsson and wife Brigitta's child Annika, bora 
Jnly 17th, baptized 3rd Sunday after Trinity. 

17 Mlns Gustafeson and wife Catharina^s child Mans* bom Jnly 
14th, baptized 9th Sunday after Trinity. 

18. Joseph Springer and wife Annika *s child. Charl bom Sep- 
tember 3rd, baptized September iSth. 

19. Jacob Vandever Jr. and wife Maria's child Petnis, bom May 
I ith, baptized May 20th. 

20. Robert Robinsson and wife Catharina's child Kleonore. 
horn May 2nd, baptized May 4th. 

21. Charles Philips and wife Ann's child Susanna, bom Octo- 
ber loth, baptized I>ecember 31st. 

22. Henrick Colesberg and wife Elizabeth's child Hlizabeth, 
bom October ist, baptized October 14th. 

23. Samuel Petersson and wife Christina's child Sara, bom 
July 26th, baptized June ist. 

The King's Commission to Hon. John Eneberg, read 
in Christina church the tenth Sundav after Trinity, 
1733, by Mr. Falk : 

We, Friedrich by God's grace, King of the Swedes, 
Goths, and Vends ; Grand Duke of Finland, Duke of 
Skdne, Estland, Lifland, Carsland, Bremen, Werden, 
Stetin, Pommem, Cassuben and Wenden, Prince of 
Rugen, Lord of Ingermanland and Wismae, Count 
of Rbeim in Beyem, Duke of Hesse, Prince of Hirch- 
felt, Earl of Catzen Ellenbogen, Dietz, Ziegenhagen, 
Widda and Schaumburg. 


Be it known that as to the Swedish Christina Congre- 
gation in Pennsylvania it is intended to order a soul- 
carer and thereto in accordance with the representation 
of those concerned therein that Johan Enneberg is one 
of whom they have proof of his fitness for that charge^ 
Therefore, we will herewith, and with the force of this 
our open letter, commission and graciously have ordained 
him Johan Enneberg to be Pastor of the above mentioned 
church at Christina, in Pennsylvania, according to the call 
presented by the said congregation to him. That all 
who are concerned may surely be informed. I have this 
subscribed with my own hand and with our Royal seal let 
be sealed. 

Stockholm, July 4, A. D. 1732. 


"" — V — ' I. W. Cedercraut, 

In Eneberg's time. 
Baptisms, 1733. 

1. Jesper Wal raven and Annika's children, Tobias and Anders, 
bom January 4, baptized January 8. 

2. Walla Walraven and wife Kerstin's child Jonas, bom 
February 5, baptized February 18. 

3. Thomas Willing and wife Cathrina's child Rebecca, bom 
February 8, baptized February 18. 

4. Anders Hindricsson and wife Maria, Johan, bom March 15, 
baptized March 18. 

'5. Israel Robinson and wife Elizabeth's child Maria, bom 
February 25, baptized March 18. 

6. Peter Petersson Canpany and wife Magdalena's child 
Andreas, bom April loth, baptized April 15th. 

7. Jonathan Kirk and wife Maria's child Abigail. 5 months 
old, baptized May 27th. 

8. Johan Bann, married a man, and Kerstin Man's illegitimate 
child Johan, baptized May. 


9. Gustaf P&lson and wife Margareta's child Margareta, bom 
May 20th, baptized June 3d. 

10. John Seed and wife Brita's child Samuel, bom July ist 
baptized July 29th. 

11. Olle Andersson and wife Keratin's child Sara, bom June 
7th, baptized June 17th. 

12. Marten Martensson and wife Keratin's child Cornelius, 
bora July ist, baptized August 15th. 

13. Peter Petersson, over Brandy wine, child Andreas, born 
September 5th, baptized September 9th. 

14. Hindrick Stedham and wife Gertrude's child Abraham, 
born Septemlfer 25th, baptized September 31st. 

15. Johan M^ten and wife Marget's child Ledi, bom Septem- 
ber 3d, baptized October 7th. 

16. Brewer Seneke and wife Brita's child Maria, bom October 
5th, baptized October 7th. 

17. James Springer and wife Maria's child Darkisj, born Octo- 
ber 17th, baptized October 21st. 

18. Jonas Stedham and wife Helena's child Ingeborg, born 
October 14th, baptized October 28th. 

19. Robert Robersson and wife Catharina's child Robert 
bom November nth, baptized December 2d. 

20. Philip Vandever and wife Kerstin's child Susanna, bom 
December 4th, baptized December i6th. 

21. Peter P^lsson and wife Catharina's child Kerstin, born 
December 19th, baptized December 23d. 

22. Jacob Hein's son Nicklas, bom November ist, baptized 
December 25th. 

23. Peter AnderSvSon's child Brita, born November ist, baptized 
November 25th. 

24. Johan Stalcop and wife Maria's child Johan, bom Decem- 
ber 19th, baptized December 27th. 

A. D. 1733, June 24th. — There was a Parish meeting 
and the following matters were considered: 

1. Counted the church money. 

2. Elected the Church Council ; Mr. Springer, (who 
may remain for the rest of hislife),Martin and Mdns Justis^ 



PhilipVandever, Lucas Stedham and Hendrick Colesberg. 

3. Jonas Walraven and Olle Tossowa were chosen 
Cli urch wardens. 

4. Anders Gustafsson was chosen sexton at a salary of 
one shilling for each family. 

5. Repairing^ the church on the north side and ^he 
windows which need repair. 

6. That for each corpse buried in the churchyard, not 
being a member of the congregation, there shall be 
charged 4 shilling, 6 pence, and the pastor shall have 
in addition his usual pay for his services, and the sexton 
is ordered not to admit any corpse into the church yard 
without the knowledge of the pastor. 

7. Simon, at Brandywine ferry, must pay for two 
bodies interred in the churchyard, viz: 9 shillings, 
which Mr. Springer promised to empower the Church- 
wardens to collect for the church income. 

8. That William Klenny should pay me for the burial 
of Samuel Stedham's son and for Asmund Stedham's 
burial, 9 shillings. 

9. As to my salary, that it ought to be paid in two 
half yearly payments. May and November, at the session 
of the court at New Castle. 

roth. Mr. Springer offered to collect this year's salary 
for me. 

N. B. — These two points, to receive my salary at the 
New Castle sessions, and Mr. Springer to be collector, were 
not presented, for the reason that I understood that the 
congregation were not satisfied that I should have my 
salary in advance, as I had asked for the past year, so I 
concluded to ask for niy salary at the end of the year, 
and announce from the pulpit on the Sunday before the 
November session, that I did not ask for any salar\' 


before the due time. Notwithstanding it had been 
resolved and consented to at the Parish meeting of the 
24th of January that it should come in at the session, 
for the reason that all had not paid me for the year I 
left Philadelphia when the Christina congregation had 
no pastor. 

And so I will let the congregation show its willing- 
ness to pay me without burdening Mr. Springer. 

Jonas Walraven and Olle Tossawa resigned as Church- 
wardens after serving two years, and Anders Hindrics- 
son's Son and Peter Petersson Jr., took their places 
May I St, 1735, and served one yeai, till Ascension day 
1736, when Jacob Stille and Garrit Garritsson were 

Jonas Walraven' s accounts with the church during 
his two years of office were given in with the receipt of 
Alexander Hooge the carpenter for 5;^, for work done 
on the north roof of the church, which had been paid 
by Walraven. 

Also Olle Tossawa's accounts which were deposited in 
the church chest. 

A. D. 1737, May 30th, which was the 2nd day of Pente- 
cost, Hans Piettersson was chosen Churchwarden in place 
of Garrit Garritsson, and Elias King in the place of 
Jacob Stille on the 14th of June, whose expenses are to 
come out of the interest coming into the church, and 
the same day Anders Loinam was appointed sexton at a 
salary of 50 shillings to be paid out of the rent due the 
church from the Old Land. 

June 17th. M&rten Justis resigned as Churchwarden, 
and Hans Smith was chosen in his place. 

Burials. .1733. 

1. Peter Classon, February 22, buried February 25. 

2. Peter PAlsson's son, Paulus PAlsson, died February 27, 
buried March i. 


BURIAI^, 1734. 

1. Widow Maria Brown, died February 23, btiried February 24. 

2. P&l P&lsson's daughter Rebecca, died February 27, buried 28, 

3. Peter P41sson's daughter, died February 10, buried Feb- 
ruary II. 

4. Elizabeth Garritson, died March 13, buried March 18. 

5. Garritson's weakly child died March 22, buried March 24. 

6. Carl Cornelius' weakly daughter, died July 17, buried July 18. 

7. Josef Springer's 8011^ Andreas, died July 17, buried July 18^ 

8. M&rtin Mftrtins' son, buried September 26. 

9. Samuel Petersson's daughter, buried October 9. 

10. Johan Stalcop's son Tobias, buried December 2. 

1 1 . Christopher Stedham's child. 

12. Henrick. 

BuRiAi^, 1735. 

1. Christopher Stedham's child. 

2. Israel Justis' child. 

3. Henrick Stedham's wife, buried October 21. 

Burials, 1736. 

1. Cornelius Ja Quett's widow's little daughter, buried Feb- 
ary 26. 

2. Charles Springer Jr. 's child, buried March 7. 

3. John Stalcop's eldest daughter, buried April 19. 

4. Charles Com.elius' son, buried Jan. 7. 

5. Martin Martin's little daughter, buried July 6. 

6. Olle Walraven, buried August 4. 

7. Peter Andersson 's child, August 28. 

8. Jonathan Stille's little daughter, October 5. 

BuRiAi<s, 1737. 

1. Peter Petersson's wife, (over Brandywine), January 4. 

2. William's child, May 4. 

3. Anders Gustafsson's wife, buried Januarj' 27. 

4. Adam and Jacob Vandever. 

5. James Springer's child, died May 25. 

6. Susanna Vandever. 

7. 2 of Peter Petersson's children. 

8. 2 of Samuel Frederick 's girls, of dysentery. 

9. Samuel Petersson's child. 

holy trinity (old swedes) church. 357 

Burials, 1738. 

1. Elizabeth Stedham, buried March 6. 

2. John Mdrten's son, buried March 12. 

3. Carl Christopher Springer, died May 26 and was buried 
May 28, 80 years old. 

4. Robert Robertson, died August 22. 

5. William Vandever*s child, buried August 22. 

6. Peter Andersson's buried October 11. 

7. Bille Vandever's 2nd child. 

8. Jesper Classon, Jr., buried December 15. 


1. Margareta Petersson, died January i, buried January 3. 

2. Gustaf Justis, struck dead by ligtning in his owuJ|hou8e, 
May 10, buried May 12. 

3. Margaretta Jones. 

4. Hindrick Stedham 's two sons. 

5. Olle Tossawa's son, died October 7th. 

6. William Vandever, died Octoder 12th. 

7. Kirsten Schaffenhauser, died November 15th. 

8. Jacob Vandever, died November i6th.. 

9. Peter PSlsson's wife, died November i8th. 

10. Lars Petersson, 77 years old, died November 21st. 

Burials 1740. 

1. Olle Pilsson, buried March 12th. 

2. Stina Vandever. buried May nth. 

3. Peter Palsson's second child. 

4. John Vanneman, killed by a weight falling on him,^uried 
October 4th. 

5. Hans Smith's little daughter, buried October i8th. 

6. Ingeborg Read, buried October 30th. 

7. Hans Smith's little son, buried November i6th. 

8. Christopher Linmejers's wife, buried November 25th. 

Burials 1741. 

1. Anders Loinan's wife, 61 years, buried September 2d. 

2. Mirten Morten's son, buried March 2d. 

3. John Morten's daughter, buried March loth. 

4. Andrew Hdka's little daughter,, buried April 13th. 

5. John Morten's wife, buried May 12th. 

358 records op 

Marriages 1733. 

1. Richard Morrison apd Catharine Owen, married April 4th. 

2. William Boulding and Elizabeth Potts, c;ovemor's License, 
married April 4th. 

3. William Pettersson and Margaretta Peer, married Jan. 5th. 

4. John Owen and Lille Hughston, married January loth. 

5. Humphrey Bates, and Margery Morlhousen. married Jan- 
uary 27th. 

6. Eleizer Meyer and Marte Braun, married October 25th. 

7. Nathaniel Carter and Anna Macfersson, married December 

N.B. — All these are English. 

Marriages 1734. 


1 . Reynold Baudin and Maria Catharine Barrel, married Feb- 
ruary 26th. 

2. William Gavin and Briget Canady, married April 23d. 

3. James Armstrong and Mary Bird, married April 25th. 

4. Francis Simonson and Jenny Coulter, married May loth. 

5. James Stoane and Mary Cowper, married June 14th. 

6. Benjamin Williatfis and Anna Mannely. married June 19th. 

7. Titus Early and Mary Adr, married August 2nd. 

8. ♦Henry Damsel and Sara NMger, married August nth. 

9. John Whipple and Elizabeth Karlin, married September 9th. 

10. John Degunn and Helena Price, married September 23d. 

11. Thomas Chambell and Christina Ja Quett, married Sep- 
tember 26th. 

12. John Fletcher and Helena Heinman, married October 12th. 

13. Thomas Measor and Elizabeth Teeth, married Oct. 14th. 

14. Thomas Clark and Catharina Tossawa, married Oct. 27th. 

15. John Ja Quette and Christina Stedham, married November 


16. Robert Gordon and Pernilla Battel, married November 9th. 

17. William Clark aild Sara White, married November 14th. 

18. Jacob Skute and Martha Turner, married November 21st. 

19. James Bayley and Mary MacDaniel, married December 21st. 

20. William Penn and Margaret Breyen, married December 

21. Zacharias Kittel and Christine Justis, married December 

holy trinity (old swedes) church. 359 

Marriages, 1735. 

1 . Johii Moore and Ann Robison, married January i6th. ' 

2. John Day and Mary Markham, married January 30th. 

3. Samuel Simmons and Jane Hamilton, married February 

4. Martin Hjus (Hughs) and Mary Jinkins, married February 

5. John Evans and Rebecca Ley, married February 28. 

6. Thomas Walker and Elizabeth Delany. married March 

7. James Macgrau and Mary Dix, married March 25th. 

8. Samuel Means and Grissel Ogle, married April loth. 

9. Jonathan Stille and Magdalena Vandever, married April 

10. Samson Thomas and Hester Certain, married April 20th. 

11. Garrit Garrisson and Mary Baudwin, married May 13th. 

12. Asmond Stedham and Kerstin Hindricksdotter, married 
May 14th. 

13. Wiljam Didrickson and Maria Petersson, married June 

14. Moses Harper and Elizabeth Farlow/ married July 6th. 

15. James Mackmullen andlKary Mackdonald, married July 
15th. ^ 

16. Edward Sergeant and Jane Read, married August 4th. 

17. Denis Mackginley and Elsa Mackkarty, married August 

18. John Robinson and Jeanet Mortol, married September 2nd. 

19. Thomas Long and Martha Thatcher, married September 8th. 

20. Elias King and Annika Tussey, (Tossawa) married Octo- 
ber 22nd. 

22. Anders Hindricsson and Kerstin Andersson, married Dec- 
ember 3rd. 

23. Jonas Andersson and Brita Loinan, married in my absence 
by Mr. Ross in New Castle, November 19th. 

24. John Flintham and Abigail Green, married December 20th. 

25. Neal Obiyan and Rachel Thomas, married December 24th. 

26. John Poor and Mary Holoway. married December 25th. 

360 records of 

Baptisms, 1734. 

1. Hans Petersson and wife C^atrina's daughter Helena, bom 
January 12th, baptized January 20th. 

2. Caroli Springer and wife Marget's son Edward, bom January 
24th, baptized January 27th. 

3. Pouel Poulsen and wife Magdalena's daughter Rebecca, bom 
February 12th, baptized February i6th. 

4. Christopher Springer and wife Catharine's son Solomon, 
bom February 7th, baptized February 17th. 

5. Garrit Garritssen and wife Elizabeth's daughter Maria, bom 
March 6th, baptized March loth. 

6. William Vandewer and wife Marget's daughter Maiget, bom 
March 22nd, baptized March 24th. 

7. John Seneck and wife Ingeborg's daughter Anna, bom 
March 5th, baptized March 31st. 

8. Mathew Morten and wife Bette's son Jacob, bom Februaty 
17th, baptized March 31st. 

9. James Seneck and wife Marget*s son John, bom April 17th, 
baptized April 21 st. 

10. Hans Georg Smith and wife Marias son Ericus, bom May 
31st. baptized June 3rd. 

11. Peter Hendrickson and wife 'Anna's son Peter, born June 
23rd„baptized June 30th. 

12. Carl Cornelius and wife Nanne's daughter Elizabeth, bom 
June 22nd, baptized June 30th. 

13. Joseph Springer and wife Annika's son Andreas, bom 
September loth, baptized September 13th. 

14. Georjg^e Read and wife Ingeborg's son Charles, bom Sep- 
tember 24th, baptized September 29th. 

15. Anders Poison and wife Elizabeth's son Andreas, born 
September 25th, baptized November loth. 

16. Henrick Colesburg and wife Bette's son Jacob, bom Octo- 
ber 29th, baptized November i )th. 

17. Israel Peterson and wife Margaretta's son Jonas, bom 
November 9th, baptized November 15th. 

18. James Mechaslin and wife Annika's son James, bom 
May 25th. 

19. William Tossa and wife, Mary Shapenhoise's Sarah, bom 
March 8th. 

holy trinity (old swedbs) church. 36 1 

Baptisms, 1735. 

1. William Cleneay and wife Maria's daughter Sarah, bom 
December 14, 1735, baptized January 4th. 

2. Samuel Peterson and wife Christina's daughter Susanna, 
bom January ist, baptized January 12th. 

3. Walraven Walraven and wife Kirsten*s daughter Elizabeth, 
bom January 7th, baptized January 12th. 

4. Timothei Stedham and wife Elizabeth's son Timotheus, 
bom January nth, baptized January 12th. 

5. Robert Robinson and wife Catharina*s daughter Anna, bom 
February 16th, baptized February 23rd. 

6. Olle Tusse and wile Maria's daughter Sara, bom March 8th, 
baptized March 15th. 

7. Henrick Stedham and wife Catharina's son Jacob, born 
March 17th, baptized March 23rd. 

8. Rienold Baudin and wife Maria Chatrina'a son Johan, bom 
in March, baptized long Friday. 

9. Pafuel Gustafson, (over Brandywine) son Joseph, more than 
a year old, baptized April 20th. 

10. Joseph Pears and wife Mari's son Timotheus, bom Feb- 
ruary 1 8th, baptized April 27th. 

11. Hans Peterson and wife Elizabeth's (over Brand3rwine) son 
Johan, bom March 22nd, baptized April 27th. 

12. Jonas Stedham and wife Helena's son Johan, bom January 
2nd, baptized January 8th. 

13. Andrew Hendrickson and wife Maria's son Israel, bom 
June 8th, baptized June 15th. 

14. Pafuel Pauelson and wife Magdalena's son Pafuel, bom 
June 9th, baptized July 13th. ' 

15. Israel Robesson and wife Elizabeth's son Joseph, bom May 
30th, baptized July 13th. 

16. James Springer and wife Maria's son Charles, bom August, 
baptized August 31st. 

17. Ole Anderson and wife Kerstin's son James, baptized Sep- 
tember 7th. • 

18. Carl Comelii and wife Manni's son Samuel, bom Septem- 
ber 2 2d, baptized September 28th. 


19. Peter Anderson and wife Keistin's daughter Elizabeth ^ 
bom October 7th, baptized October 19th. 

20. Joseph Springer and wife Annika's daughter, bom Novem- 
ber 9th, baptized and called Beata November 2 2d. 

21. William Didrickson and wife Maria's daugther Catharina, 
bom November 2 2d, baptized November 26th. 

22. Brewer Seneck and wife Brita's son James, bom November 
26th, baptized November 30th . 

23. John Sead and wife Brita's son William, bom October ist, 
baptized November 23d. 

24. Peter Poison and wife Catharina's son Ole, bom December 
4th, baptized December 14th. 

Baptisms, 1736. 

1. James Mechaslin and wife Annika's daughter Kethi, bora 
January ist, baptized January 3d. 

2. Peter Petersson Conpony and wife Magdelena's dsoghteii 
Anna, baptized January nth. 

3. Morten Morten and wife Kerstin's daughter Susanna, bom 
November, 1736, baptized January 8th. 

4. Asmund Stedham and wife Kerstin's son Samuel, bom Jan- 
uary 14th, baptized February 8th. 

5 . Timotheus Stedham and wi fe Catharina's daughter Sara, bora 
February 5th, baptized February 8th. 

6. Hans '^etersson and wife Catharina's son Petrus, bom Feb- 
ruary 15th, baptized February 2 2d. 

7. Walraven Walraven and wife Kerstin's son Johan, born> 
February 27th, baptized February 29th. 

8. Jonathan Stilley and wife Magdalena's daughter Rebecca,, 
bom January 23d, baptized February 29th. 

9. William Vandever and wife Marget's daughter Catharina, 
bom February 13th, baptized February 29th. 

10. John Deg^en and wife Helena's daughter Maria, bom Jan- 
uajy 27th, baptized March 14th. 

11. James Anderson and wife Brita's daughter Maria, bom 
February 15th, baptized March 14th. 

12. John Seneck and wife Ingeborg's daughter Catharina, bom 
February 8th, baptized March 21st. 


13. Robert Robesson and wife C&tharinason Israel, bom March 
31st, baptized April nth. 

14. Cbristiem Brynberg and wife Maria's son Matthew, bom 
March 2 2d, baptized April 26th. 

15. James Seneck and wife Marget's son James, born April 
17th, baptized April 26th. 

16. Garrit Garritsson and wife Maria's daughter Rebecca, bom 
April 19th, baptized April 26th. 

17. Gustaf Polsen and wife Marget's daughter Susanna. 

r8. Christopher Springer and wife Catharina*s son Abraham, 
bom April 25th, baptized May i6th. 

19. Johannes Springer and wife Maria's son Joseph, bom 
March 28th, baptized May 23d. 

20. Morten Justis and wife Brita's son Johan, bom May 26th, 
baptized May 30th. 

21. Zacharias Didrickson. Jr. and wife Sara's son William, 
bom June 4th, baptized June 13th. 

22. Reinold Baud win and wife Catharina's son Jacob, bom 
J^ne 13th, baptized June 20th. 

23. John Von Niemen and wife Beata's son Johan, bom De- 
cember nth, baptized December 25th. 

24. Peter Petersson, Jr., and wife Annika's son Samuel, bom 
December 23d, baptized December 25th. 

25. Thomas Bord and wife Anna's daughter Anna. 2 years 
old; father ran away. 

26. William Tossa and wife Mary's son Frederick, bom De- 
cember 23d. 


1 . Henrick Stedham and Margury Owens, by Mr. Backhouse, 
married January 8th. 

2. James Lownes and Mattie Willey, license, married January 
2oth . 

3. Augustine Pasraore and Judith Farlon, published, married 
January 22nd. 

4. Joseph Bond and Susanna Cloud, published, married Janu- 
ary 22nd. 

5. Archibald Campbell and Marrian Kamage, married February 

364 RECORI>8 OF 

6. Charles Hedges and Mary Stilly, married February 12th. 

7. James Cove and Isabel Kranston, published, married Febru- 
ary 26th. 

8. John Coin and Maria Pears, married March 28th. 

9. William Gregory and Marget Lowe, married April i6th. 

10. William Brown and Martha Dunn, married April i6th. 

11. Jacob Harper and Sarah Hendrickson. married May 5th. 

12. Samuel Hooton and Ann Goodbody, married May 8th. 

13. Jonas Robertson and Rebecca Clenny, married May 19th. 

14. James Flyed and Elizabeth Tobe. married June 6th. 

15. John Martin and Judith Knight, published, married June 

16. Benjamin Clark and Elizabeth Robinson, married June 28th. 

17. Aaron Deveney and Margaret Huerde, married July 26th. 

18. Samuel Richie and Lydia Linvel, married August loth. 

19. Alexander Newden and Mary Tuckney, married August 

20. Thomas Gregg and Esther Preis, married August 23rd. 

21. Erasmus Morten and Ruth Roman, married August 29th. 

22. Johannas Springer and Mary Demsy, married August 

23. William Clark and Mary Freeman, married September 4th. 

24. John Sprus and Lydia Clayton, married September 14th. 

25. Jeremiah St&rdger and Martie Wins, married September 

26. ThoUyMiller and Mary Mack fadien, married September 19th 

27. John Halloer and Mary Grifl&s, married September 29th. 
38. John Vandever and Mary Justice, married September 30th. 

29. John Michel and Jane Noels, married October 3rd. 

30. John Youngblood and Hannah Morsley, married October 

31 . 'Villiam Baxter and Elizabeth Miner, married October 29th. 

32. Fenly Mackgreio and Elizabeth Lauris, married Novem- 
ber 3rd. 

33. William Green and Catherine Forkinear, married Novem- 
ber 8th. 

34. Thomas Brunton and Mary Leech, married November 8th. 

35. David Black and Rachel Harris, married November 15th. 


36. Blias Bams and Elizabeth Giarge, married November 27th. 

37. Richard Graham and Hannah Kathi, married December 13. 

38. Richard Groudt and Sarah Goun, married December 26th. 

39. Joseph Jackson and Mali Vandever, raarrried December 

MARRIAGES 1737- « 


1. Elias Tossa and Christina King, married January 5th. 

2. Charles Stedman and Johanna Lawell, married February 

3. Thomas Anderson and Mary Winey, married April 12th. 

4. Thomas Miner and Jane Wilson, married April 12th. 

5. Francis Onayle and Anna Walker, married May 8th. 

6. William Ford and Anna Ford, married May 9th. 

7. John Creid and Anna Maken, married May 30th. 

8. John Curtlo and Anna Wansford, married June 7th. 

9. John Haedges and Mary Baid, married June 12th. 

10. James Eldrich and Sarah Poil, married June i6th. 

11. John Musgrave and Mary Braun, married June i8th. 

12. John Justis and Kirstin Wa.raven, married July 30th. 

13. Robert Skreen and Mary Baterten, married August 21st. 

14. Conrad Garretson and Mary Johnson, married September 

15. John Greer and Mary Blair, married September 26th. 

16. David Nilson and Charity Peters, married September 29th. 

17. Robert Babber and Catharine Tussy, married September 

18. Owen Kynler and Sarah Weili, married October loth. 

19. John Crasher and Anna Curry, married November 26th. 

20. Justas Justis and Susanna Stilley, married December ist. 

21. Peter Peterson and Brita Mprten, married November 24th,. 

22. John Stefenson and Jane Thomson, married December ist. 

23. Michel Higgins and Frances Henrickson, married Decem- 
ber nth. 

24. Peter Stalcop and Susanna Palson, married December 15th. 

25. Thomas Wilscn and Susanna Farker, married December 

26. William Stewart and Mary Broom, married December 20th 



1. Henry Lane and Hannah Kay, married New Year's ^ve. 

2. Joseph Williamson and Hannah Hays, married January 

3. Arthur Lattimon and Rebecca Whiteside, married January 

4. John Mahaii and Jane Frey, married January 17th. 

5. Benjamin King and Bathi Beheskei, married January 22nd. 

6. Henry Maddock and Rebecca Sandelands, married February 

7. Eliha Barow and Rachel Hollensoth, married Febiuary 

8. Griffith Minshall and Sarah Minshall, married March 20th. 

9. David Asbon and Catharina Walson, married April 3rd. 

10. Jacob Yungblood and Mary Welsh, married April roth. 

11. Thomas Evans and Debora Harlin, married April 19th. 

12. John Ford and Elizabeth Sincock, married April 24th. 

13. John Gray and Barbara Boals. married May 15th. 

14. William Stennop and Nannie Vainam, married May 20th. 

15. Joseph Simpson and Margaret Evans, married June 2nd. 

16. Joseph Walter and Jane Brantcn, married June 6th. 

17. Cornelius Vandever and Marget Morton, married June 26th 

18. John Nicklin-and Saiah Nicklin, married August 3rd. 

19. Mathiew Huston and Lydy Key, married August 6th. 

20. John Tremble and Mary Langly, married August 23rd. 

21. Bryan Macginnie and Sara Jones, married August 28th. 

22. William Stoby and Nannie Gofard, married September 
1 2th. 

23. Bryan Culen and Sara Kelly, married October 12th. 

24. Samuel Bane and Mary Brounfield, married October 2nd. 

25. Michel Farlow and Mary White, married November 23rd. 

26. Adolph Wulback and Catharina Vandevtr, married 
December 14th. 

27. Andreas Stilly and Catharina Stalcop, married December 

2 1 St. 

28. John Hedges and Susanna Hen drick son, married December 


29. Peter Vandever and Margareta Hoppman,married December 

MARRIAGES 1 739. ' 

1. Peter Andersou and Catharina Leina, married January 

2. William Weily and Catharina Farlou, married February 


3. James Robinson and Elizabeth Kiabbin, married February 


4. James Nealy and Sarah MacMullin, married Feoruary 12th. 

5. Abram Bamet and Elizabeth Chiafin, married March ist. 

6. Thomas Turner and Beata Justis, married April 4th. 

7. Thomas Didrick and Eleanora Garron, married April 23rd 

8. Thomas JefFeris and Cathreen Baldon, married May 6th. 

9. John Isac and Eleanor Connelly, married May 

10. Andrew Chalmers and Isabella Loftus, married May 14th. 

11. Nttter Raserman and Francis Macksen, married May 21st. 

12. William Jones and Mary Branton, married May 28th. 

13. Dennis Whealon and Anna Tounsen, married June 4th. 

14. Christopher Hendricksson and Mary Robinson, married 
June nth. 

15. John Branden and Malii Cathi, married June nth. 

16. Edmund Burk and Rachel Howard, married June 25th. 

17. Abraham Ford and Jane Ferris, married July 15th. 

18. William Young and Susanna Boyd, married August ist 

19. Richard Buffington and Ann'\ Morgan, married August 


20. William Morgan and Anna Buflfington, mEuried August 

21. Joseph Jaley and Letes Graims, married August 12th. 

22. James Townsen and Sara Ward, married August 13th. 

23. Moses Carshin and Jane Knochs, married August 20th. 

24. Hugh Kirgian and Catharine Onail; married October 14th. 

25. David Ponel and Elizabeth Chatson, married October 

26. John Casper Ivambert and Mary Snekins, married Nov- 
ember 19th. 


27. James House and Mary Wright, married November 25th'. 

28. Dan Beeby and Ann Tilton married December 4th. 

29. Hugh Hallanger and Becky Henderson, married December 

30. James Thompson and Hanna Armstong, married Decem- 
ber 24th. 

31. Robert Green and Anna Moore, married December 25th. 


1. James Brucks and Mary Black, married February ist. 

2. Jacob Lachaerd and Mary Cunningham, married March 

3. William Woods and Marth i Macleclan, married March 25th 

4. William Brown and Christina Mounson, married April 2d. 

5. Ralph Williams and Martha Maccalshonder, married 
April 17th. 

6. Arthur Donnelly and Mary Maccdade, married April 21st. 

7. Thomas Wade and Anna Milleson. married April 28th. 

8. John Crosby and Eleanor Culin, maried May 6th. 

9. John Read and Hannah Belis, married May nth. 

10. Peter Sigfreedus Alrich and Susanna Stidham, married 
May 25th. 

11. Richard Robinson and Susanna Justis, married May 27th. 

12. Joseph Williamson and Judith Comer, married May 25th. 

13. David Sharpl ess and Persilla Powel, married June 12th. 

1 4. Peter Didrickson and Margareta Stilly, married June 19th. 

15. Thomas Minshall and Jane Lalshield, married September 

16. Joseph Tarrington and Jane Cooper, married November 

17. Anders Stiddom and Catharina Keen, married November 

18. John Maccleny and Jane Dads, married November 12th. 

19. Thomas Ives dnd Rachel Brawn, married November 24th. 

20. George Stroud and Elizabeth Cleaton, married December 

21. Christopher Flinn and Rebecca Hossy, married December 


Marriages in 1741. 

1. Timotheus Steddom and Maria Vandever, married Janu- 
ary I St. 

2. Nicol Bishop and Hester Smith, married January ist, 

3. Edward Seed and Abigail Buffington, married January ist. 

4. William Smith and Anne Lowry, married January 12th. 
5th. Michael Morgan and Mary Buffington, iparried Febru- 
ary nth. 

6th. John Welsh and Elizabeth Scott, married February 25th. 

7. Henry Spragg and Elizabeth Lowry, married February 26. 

8. Isaac Stroud and Sara Baker, married March 8th. 

9th. Henry Simonson and Sussanna Tarrat, married March 

10. John Wade and Martha Didrich, .married March 27th. 

11. James Blard and Jane Ross, married April 20th. 

12. David Button and Mary Lind, married May 4th. 

13. Myles Sweeney and Eleanor Champbell, married May 23th. 

14. John Lawrence and Elizabeth Edwards, May 23d. 

15. John Murphy and Catharine Spruce, married May 26th. 

16. Joseph Been and Persanna Ellis, married May 29th. 

17. James Milnorand Ester Vernon, married June 24th. 

18. Joseph Brooks and Jane Deeble, married July 22nd. 

Whereas, at a general meeting held the 6th day of 
January, 1735-6, by the minister, John Eneberg, the 
vestrymen and majority of Christina congregation, it 
was concluded and made choice of^that Charles Springer 
Esq. and Henry Colesberg chosen Churchwardens for to 
lease out lots for the* use of the church and ministers, 
according to the deed bearing date of the i8th of May, 
in the year 1703, and moreover, we have made choice of 
our trusty Timothy Stedham to be an assistant unto the 
above said persons 

Signed by us Vestrymen, 


John Eneberg, Timothy T S. Stedham, 


Philip P V Vandever, 



Morton M. Justis, 


Walraven Walraven, 



After his death Henry Colesberg. 

The following members have bought pew rooms: 

2. Jonas Walraven paid for his pew to the church 25 
shil., his wife bought a pew room of Augustine for 2S 
shil., according^ to annexed receipt 

Henry Vandever has bought his pew for 30 shil. 

Hans Petersson has paid for his pew room 35 shil. 

Hans Petersson has bought for his wife a pew room 
from Peter Petersson according to a showed receipt 30s. 

Hans Smith has with the consent of the pastor, Mr. 
Springer, Tim Stedham and both of the churchwardens, 
bought a pew room from the widow of Jacob Clemmets 
in the fifth pew for his wife and heirs, and paid therefor 
to the church 50 shil., which was done the 7th of June, 
1737, and the money therefor handed to the church- 

Elias King has bought for himself and his heirs with 
the consent of the pastor and the members present at a 
general parish meeting, the first pew on the south side, 
and handed the money 3^ to the churchwarden Hans 
Petersson, for the use of the church. 

Record op Baptisms ln Christina, wrrn the names of thr 

Parents, 1737 

1. Olle Tassa and his wife Maria's child Fredrick, bom the 
24th of December 1736, baptized the 2nd of Jannaiy. 

2. Samnel Fucfrie and his wife Nanny's daughter, bom 21st 
of Jannary. baptized the 23rd of January. 

3. Henrick Colesbnrg and his wife Elizabeth's scm Swcn. bonr 
the 27th of December 1736. baptized the 6th of Blardi 1737. 

4. John Stalcop and his wife Maria *s child Andreas, bom 
the 27th of Jannary, baptized the 13th of March. 

5. Charles Springer and his wife Margret's child Jacob, bora 
the loth of Fcrbmary, baptized the 20th of March. 


6. Jones Stedham and his wife Helena's child Cornelius, born 
the 1 6th of March, 'baptized the 20th of March. 

7. Peter Andersson and his wife Kerstin's child Eric, born the 
19th of March, baptized the 27th of March. 

8. Powel Pafwelson and his wife Magdalena' schild Carl, bom 
the Toth of March, baptized the nth of April. 

9. William Clenny and his wife Kerston's child William, 
baptized the 25th of April. 

10. Samuel Petersson and his wife Maria's child Samuel 
born the 2nd of April, baptized the ist of May. 

11. Jonas Robesson and his wife Rebecca's son Charles, bom 
the 24th of April, baptized the ist of May. 

12. James Springer and his wife Maria's child Susanna, born 
the 20th of July, baptized the 31st of July. 

13. Jonathan Stilly and his wife Magdalena 'schild Maria, bap- 
tized the 14th of August. 

14. Elias Tossa and his wife Christina's child Ale^cander, born 
the 1 8th of September, baptized the 25th of September. 

15. Robert Robeson and his wife Catharina's child Richard, 
bom the 19th of September^ baptized the 2nd of October. 

16. John Mortin and his wife Marget's son Johan, bom the 
1 8th of September, baptized the 2nd of October. 

17. John Senech and his wife Ingeborg's child Anna Inge- 
borg, born the i8th of September, baptized the i6tli of October. 

18. John Seed and his wife Brita's child Anna, bom the i8th 
of October, baptized the 30th of October. 

19. Joseph Springer and his wife Annika's child Maria, born 
the 27th of October, baptized the 30th of October. 

20. Joseph Pears and his wife Maria's child Johan, bom the 
4th of November, baptized the 13th of November. 

21. William Didrickson and his wife Maria's son Jacob, bom 
the ioth of November, baptized the 20th of November. 

22. Hans Smith and his wife Maria's child Jonas, bom the 2 ist 
of November, baptized the 27th of November. 

23. Erasmus St^ham and his wife Christina's child Adarn^ 
bom the 17th of November, baptized the 2nd of December. 

24. Andrew Hcndrickson, senior, and his wife Maria's child 
Catharina, bom the 29th of November, baptized the 6th of 


25. James Anderssen and his wife Brita^s child Catharina, 
bom the 29th of November, baptized the loth of December. 

26. Ole Anderssen and his wife Kerstin*s child Peter, baptized 
the I ith of December. 

27. Joseph Jackson and his wife Malin*s child George, bom 
the ist of November, baptized the nth of December. 

28. Morten Morten and his wife Kerstin's child Christina, 
bom the 19th of December, baptized the 29th of December. 

29. Robin Ford and his wife Mary's child Mary, born the 5th 
of March,' baptized the 31st of December. 

Baptisms in 1738. 

1. Reinold Bandwin and his wife Catharina's child Niclas, 
bom the 17th of December 1737, baptized the 1st of January 


2. William Vandever and his wife Margaretha's child Swen, 

bom the 21st of December, baptized the 23rd of January. 

3. James Macchaslin and his wife Annika*s child Johan, bom 
the 31st of December, baptized the 23rd of January. 

4. Cunningham Walters and Agnes Andersson's child Edward, 
born the nth of November, baptized the 3rd of February. 

5. Christiem Brunberg and his wife Maria's child Christina, 
born the the'2oth of January, baptized the 5th of January. 

6. Hans Pettersson and his wife Catharina's child Elizabeth, 
bom the 30th of March, baptized the 9th of April. 

7. James Senecks and his wife Margaretha's child Susanna, 
bom the 19th of March, baptized the i6th of April. 

8. Peter Poison and his wife Catharina's child Peter, bom the 
30th of December, baptized the 12th of February. 

9. Hans Petersson* and his wife Catharina's child Susanna, 
bom the loth of May baptized the i8th of June. • 

10. Gustaf Justis, senior and his wife Susanna's child Maria, 
loom the ist of July, baptized the i6tli of July. 

11. Peter Petersson (over Brandy wine) and his wife Brita'« 
•child Mathias, born the 2nd of September, baptized the loth of 

12. Christopher Springer and his wife Catharina's child Joseph, 
hom the 19th of September, baptized the 8th of October. 


13. Peter Anderson and his wife Kerstin's child Peter, bom 
the 27th of September, baptized the nth of October. 

14. Morton Justis and his wife Brita's child Sara,bom the i8th 
of September, baptized the 29th of October. 

15. George Reed and his wife Ingeborg's child Blias, bom the 
30th of November, baptized the same day. 

Baptisms in 1739. 

1 . Peter Canpony and his wife Magdalena's child Catharina, 
bom the 26th of November, baptized the ist of January. 

2. Henric Stedham and his wife Margaretta*s child Sara, bora 
the 27th of December, baptized the ist of January. 

3. GustafPalsson and his wife Maigaretta's child Kerstin,bom 
the 26th of November, baptized 21st of January. 

4. Johan Justis and his wife Kerstin*s child Susanna, bom the 
17th of December, baptized 2 ist of January. 

5. James Springer and his wife Mary's child Mary, bom the 
13th of February, baptized the i8th of February. 

6. Conrad Garritson and his wife Mary's child Christina, bap- 
tized the 25th of January. 

7 . Christ Lindmeyer and his wife's child Joran,bora the 5th o 
February, baptized the i ith of March. 

8. Cornelius Vandever and his wife Margaretta's child Susanna 
bom the 6th of March, baptized the 3d of April. 

9. William Tussy and his wife Maria's child Mathias* bom the 
ist of April, baptized the 4th of April. 

10. Peter Stalcop and his wife Susanna's child Johan, bom the 
22nd of April, baptized the 29th of April. 

1 1 . Charles Springer and his wife Margaretta's child Gabriel, 
bom the nth of May, baptized the loth o( June. 

12. Jonas Sted^iam and his wife Helena's child Helena, bom 
the 14th of June, baptized the 17th of June. 

13. Johan Neeman and his wifeBeata's child Maria, bom 31st 
of July, baptized the 12th of August. 

14. Paul Pouelson and his wife Magdalena's child Petnts,bom 
the 28th of July, baptized the 26th of August. 

15. Joseph Jackson and his wife Malin's child Philip, bom the 
1 2th of August, baptized the 9th of September. 



1 6. Thomas Bord and his wife Anna's child Rebecca, bom the 
29th of June, baptized the 9th of September. 

17. Peter Vandever and his wife Margaret's child Andreas, 
bom the loth of September, baptized the nth of September. 

18. Henrick Colesburg and his wife Elizabeth's child Hendiic, 
bom the 17th of August, baptized the 20th of September. 

19. Elias, Tassa and his wife Christina's child Anna, bom 
the 30th of September, baptized the 8th of October. 

20. Jonothan Stille and his wife Magdalena's child Jacob, 
bom the 3d of September, baptized the 14th of October. 

21. James Anderson and his wife Brita's child William, bom 
the 2d of October, baptized the 14th of October. 

22. Adolph Wuhlbach and his wife Catharina's child Maria, 
bom the 14th of October, baptized the 15th of October. 

23. Joseph Springer and his wife Annika's child Joseph, bom 
the 17th of October, baptized the 21st of October. 

24. Peter Poison and his wife Catharina's child Susanna, 
bom the loth of November, baptized the 25th of November. 

25. Anders Stitly and his wife Catharina's child Maria, bom 
the 5th of December, baptized the 9th of December. 

26. William Anderson atid his wife Kerstin's child William, 
bom the 20th of November, baptized the 23d of December. 

27. Johan Hedges and his wife Susanna's child Charles, bom 
the 20th of December, baptized the 23d of December. 

28. Joseph Peers and his wife Mary's child Richard, bom the 
24th of December, baptized January ist, 1740. 

29. Reynold Baudwin aad his wife Catharina's child Fredrick, 
bom the 4th of December, baptized the 17th of February, 1740. 

A. D. 173H, June ist. At a general meeting of the con- 
gregation belonging to the Swedes Church in Christiana, 
then by a general choice, Lucas Stedham of the Hun- 
ered of New Castle, yeoman, was elected trustee for the 
leasing of the church lands in the room of the late Charles 
Springer, Esq., deceased. At the same time was chosen 
Charles Springer, son of the said Charles Springer, Esq. , 
deceased, one of the vestrymen of said church in the 
room of the above mentioned deceased gentleman. 


At the same time was chosen Christopher Springer, 
son of the above mentioned deceased gentleman, one of 
the Churchwardens of said church for the year ensuing. 

On the 2nd of June Anders lycina received 50 shil- 
lings for his service as Sexton for the past year and it 
was resolved that he should have three pounds hereafter 
so long as he is clerk for the church. 

A. D. 1739, June nth. Lucas Stedham was again 
chosen trustee and Christopher Springer and Elias King 
yet longer to be Churchwardens, and the before named 
trustees gave in a right and full account of their leasing 
our land for the year past in Willingstown, so much as 
for that year h^fd been collected, which was divided be- 
twixt the pastor and the church so that each had his half, 
and also both Churchwardens gave an exact account of 
their receipts and expenditures for various purposes. 

At this same general meeting it was resolved that 
no stranger shall be buried in our churchyard hereafter. 
First, because there is not room for strangers. Second, 
that I have been put on my guard by the burial of an 
unbaptized girl, and third, that the Churchwardens have 
had great difficulty to collect for the burial of strangers. 
Also the repair of the church was considered, which is 
much needed, which was agreed upon. 

A. D. 1740, June loth. Were some together with 
me when the trustees and Churchwardens rendered their 
accounts for the past year and what they had expended 
for the needs of the church, and what had been the re- 
ceipts from the pews on the north side and their receipts 
were deposited in the church chest. 

Elias King after three years' service resigned the 
church wardenship and Gustaf GustafFson, Jr., took it in 
his place. 


A. D. 1741, Eay 19th. There was a general meeting 
of the church and in the presence of the members a cor- 
rect account was rendered by the trustees and Church- 
wardens for the time past and Lucias Stedham was again 
elected and confirmed trustee and Henrick Colesberg 
and Jonas Walraven were chosen Churchwardens in the 
place of the former wardens, Christopher Springer and 
Gusta Gustafsonjr. ,and Christopher Springer was chosen 
to the church council in the place of Henrick Colesberg. 
Also Anders IvCina was chosen sexton for the conning 

Copy. I,Brasmus Stedham. heretofore a member of thechurcb at 
Christina, but now of the church at Penn's Neck, herewith make 
over to Timothy Lucasson Stedham for his entire and undisputed 
possession for him and his heirs after him, the pews which be- 
longed to my late father and mother of the pews of Christina 
Church, as is described in the church-book, and for the greater 
surety I write this with my own hand and subscribe my name, 
this 13th day of June, A. D. 1739. 

As witness Erasmus Stedham. 

Peter Tranberg. 

Record op Baptism, 1740. 

1. Cornelius Vandever and his wife Margarita's child Brita, 
bom the 31st of January, baptized 2d of March. 

2. William Sloby and his wife Annika's child William, bom 
the 16th of September, 1739, baptized the 30th of March, 1740. 

3. John Senecks and his wife Ingeborg's child Susanna, bom 
the 2d of April, baptized the 7th of April. 

4. Andreas Stalcop, Jr. and his wife Johannes child Joanna, 
bom the 13th day of May, baptized the 25th of May. 

5. Henrich Stedham and his wife Margery's child Adam, bom 
the loth of August, baptized the 14th of September. 

6. Peter Didrickson and his wife Margarita's child Jacob, bom 
the 2d of September, baptized the 5th of October. 

7. Hans Smit and his wife Maria's child Maria, born the 
25th of September, baptized the 5th of October. 


8. Gustaf Justison, Jr. and his wife Susanna's child Catharina, 
bom the loth of October, baptized the 12th of October. 

9. Lucas Mdnson and his wife Annika's child Jonathan, born 
the 9th of October, baptized the 12th of October. 

10. Thomas Willing and his wife Catharina's child Anna, bom 
the 2 2d of November, baptized the 4th of December. 

1 1 . Andeis Hendrlckson and his wife Maria's child Jonas, born 
the 1 8th of November, baptized the 13th of December. 

Record op Baptisms. 

1. Peter Anderson and his wife Catharina's child Andreas, 
bom the 7th of January, baptized the 9th of January. 

2. Samuel Petersson and ^lis wife Christina's child Jonas, bom 
the I St of March, baptized the 3rd of March. 

3. Richard Robinson and his wife Susanna's child Margareta, 
bom nth of February, baptized immediately because of its 

4. William Brown and Christina Mounson 's child Abraham, 
bom the loth of March, baptized the 5th of April. 

5. Cornelius Vandever and his wife Margret's child Jacob, 
bom 31st of March, baptized the 3rd of May. 

6. Christiem Brunberg and his wife Maria's child Elizabeth 
bom 9th of April, baptized 5th of May. 

7. Peter Peters Canpony and his wife Magdalena's child Johan, 
bom the loth of April, baptized the 5th of May. 

8. Peter Hendrickson and his wife Anna's child David, bom 
the nth of April, baptized the 17th of May. 

9. Thomas Turner and his wife Beata's child Maria, bom the 
23rd of April, baptized the 24th of May. 

10. Augustus Constantine and his wife's child Maria, bom in 
March, baptized the 24th of May. 

11. Carolus Springer and his wife Margarita's child Margarita, 
born the 27th of May, baptized the 5th of June. 

12. Peter Stalcop and his wife Susanna's child William, bom 
the 27th of May, baptized the 27th of June. 

.13. Morten Morten and his wife Kerstin's child Johan, bom 
the 5th of June, baptized the 19th of July. 


14. John Hedges and his wife Susanna Hendrickson 's child 
John, born the 25th of November. 

15. Hans Peterson and his wife Catharina's child Andreas, 
bom the 13th of August, baptized the 22nd of August. 

August 9th 1743. — ^Timothy Lucas Stedham declared that he 
had sold to Timothy Lulofson Stedham and his heirs, the pew 
in Christina Church which he bought of Erasmus Stedham, 
as his name witnesseth, and on the same day Timothy Lucasson 
Stedham sold the pew on the women's side in Christina Church, 
to Timothy Lulofson Stedham and his heirs, which he had of 
Erasmus Stedham. Submitted with his name. 


Timothy Luc. Stedham,. 
Peter Tranberg. 

When pastor Eenberg was called home to a Swedish 
charge, pastor Tranberg received his commission in his 
place August ist, 1842, which reads as follows: 

We Fredrich, By the grace of God, King of the 
Swedes, Goths and Vends, etc., etc.. Landgrave of 
Hesse — Prince of Herschfeldt, Duke of Catzenelenbogen, 
Dietz Liegenhagen — Widden and Schaumburg, etc., 

Be it hereby known — In as much as we have graciously 
consented to the pastor of Christina Church, John 
Eneberg\s humble request to be called home here to 
Sweden, and therefore a pastor of the before named 
Christina Church is needed, and as the beloved Petnis 
Tranberg, pastor at Raccoon and Penn's Neck in 
America, has been humbly proposed by those con- 
cerned as a proper person, both as to his learning 
and ability for the place. 

Therefore in virtue of this our open authorization, is 
Petrus Tranberg appointed to the pastorate of the 
before n^ed Evangelical Church, and let all to whom 
it concerns give to it the proper attention. 


For greater surety we have with our own hand sub- 
scribed this, and let it be sealed with the royal seal; 
given at Stockholm in the Council Chamber, December 
loth, 1739/ 

Friedrick (ly.S.) 


When the above named order from the King had been 
received, Pastor Enneberg could not at once proceed on 
his journey, partly on account of the war between 
England and Spain, and partly because the ground 
rents of the Priestland were not all collected, and so his 
journey was delayed for two years, when he finally 
departed for Sweden Pastor Pranborg took the congre- 
gation and a general meeting was called, and it was 
resolved to rent a suitable house for him to live in, for 
which business Mouns Justis was chosen with directions 
to pay 5;^ per annum rent. The old Priesthouse was 
now s odecayed that no one could live in it with credit. 
Pastor Eneberg living unmarried the whole time that 
he was here did not trouble himself with housekeeping, 
but made his home with certain families, and the par- 
sonage house was let go out of repair. 

At the same meeting the pastor said if the congrega- 
tion would give him a lot he would build himself a 
house at his own expense, as the income from the rents 
of land did not warrant the congregation to build at 
this time, esi>ecially as they had borrowed 80;^ on 
interest for Mr. Eneberg when he left for Sweden. 
To this proposition they all consented and agreed, and 
gave him a lease of a comer lot in the same quarter in 
which the old Priesthouse stands, for which he is to pay 
yearly two shillings ground rent. The spring following 
he began to build, and some members of the church 


helped him as much as they were able, especially 
Charles Springer, and the house was ready in the 
summer, so that at the end of the year he moved into 
his own house, and the church no longer had to pay 
house rent for him. 

Then inquiry was made with regard to the inventarium 
of the church and it was found to be as follows: i. One 
old contumacious negress who was at the same meeting, 
set up at auction and sold for 7 shillings. 2nd. One old 
cow which Hans Smith bought for 2£ and 5 shillings^ 
the remainder a walnut table, two chairs, some old 
pewter spoons, and some plates were left to the pastor. • 

Also the inquiry was made if there should not be 
Divine service in both the Swedish and English lan- 
guages, and all favored it except Timothy Stedham. 
But it was understood that the Swedish service should 
be held at the usual time in the morning and conducted 
and closed according to the church regulations thereof^ 

and in the afternoon if the pastor is so minded there 
may be preaching in English. 

The same day Hans Smith and Peter Smith paid z£ 

and 10 shillings to the church for pew room in the first 

pew, which money was received by Henry Colsberg. 

Record of Baptisms, 1742. 

1. James Anderson and Brita Loinan's child James, bom the 
25th of December, 1741. 

2. William Von Culen and his wife Maria's child Andreas, bom 
the 12th of March, 1742, baptized the i8th of April. 

3. William Davis and his wife Grace's child Mary, bom the 
26th of June, baptized the i ith of September. 

4. Joseph Cartmill and his wife Sara's child Hanna, bom the 
3d of October, baptized the 29th of December. 

5. Morton Garrit's and his wife Annika's child 
Margaret, lorn the r3th of November, baptized the 29th of 


6. Joseph Nowell and his wife Mary's child Christina, bom 
the 8th of April, baptized the 20th of April. 

7. Robert May and his wife Susanna's child Andrew, bom the 
2nd of October, baptized the i6th of October. 

8. Niclos Turner and his wife Beata*s child Mary, bom the 23d 
of April, 1 74 1, baptized the 26th of March, 1743. 

9. John Stephanson and his wife Jane's child John, bom the 
8th of July, baptized the 31st of July. 

10. Robert Smith and his wife Mary's child William, born 
April 3otb, baptized the 31st April. 

11. Asmund Stedham and his wife Christina Hindrickson 's 
child Zacharias. born the 26th of April, baptized the 7th of 

12. Justa Poulson and his wife Mar^ret's child Cath- 
arine, bom the 19th of July, 1741, baptized 1742. 

13. Hans Petersson and his wife Catharina's child Andreas, 
born the 13th of August, 1741, baptized the 22nd of August. 

14. Mathiap Morten and his wife Elizabeth's child Elizabeth, 
bom the 8th of September, baptized the 20th of September. 

15. Joseph Springer and his wife Anna's child Catharina, 
bom the 5th of October, 1741, baptized the 9th of October. 

16. Christopher Springer and his wife Catharina's child Cath- 
arina, bom the 20th of October, baptized the 26th of October. 

17. Reinold Badin and his wife Catharina's child Maria, bom 
the loth of October, baptized the 8th of September. 

17. Henrv Colsberry and his wife Elizabeth's child William, 
bom and baptized the ist of November. 

18. John Senecks and his wife Ingeborg's child Maria, bom 
the 28th of November. 

19. Peter Griffin and his wife Brigit's child Hannah, bom the 
8tb of June, baptized the 12th of June. 

20. Jonas Robeson's child Edward, bom the ist of December, 
baptized the 7th of December. 

21. Peter AUdridge and his wile Susanna's child Mary, bom 
the 4th of November, baptized the 8th of November. 

22. James Seneck and his wife Margret's child Sara, bonT the 
13th of June, baptized the ist of July. 

23. John Henricson and his wife Rebecca's child ^John, bom 
the 2 2d ot September, baptized the 30th of September. 


24. William Dedrickson and his wife Mary's child Susanna, 
bom the 31st of December, baptized the 8th of June. 

25. An illegitimate child, laid to Robert Pierce, the name of 
the mother Bird, bom ist of January. 

26. Henry Stedham and his wife Margery's child Annika. bora 
the 23d of November, baptized the 30th of November. 

27. Peter Vandever and his wife Margarita's child Philip, bora 
the 2ist of May, baptized the 31st of . 

1. November 13th, 1742, there was a parish meeting 
held and the Pastor again inquired if he could have a 
lot on the same condition as Mr. Eneberg in his time 

. has had; he would at his own expense build a house on 
it to dwell in; as a yearly house rent will be expensive to 
the congregation, and the old parsonage was unfit for 
him, it was unamiously consented to. 

2. Ground rent began more and more to fall into neg- 
lect, whereof the preacher had two parts and the church 
one part, wherefore the trustees were admonished to use 
more severity with the residue; on which Lucas Sted- 
ham answered that we must have patience with the 
town, because it is yet young, whereat it was so resolved 
for this time. 

3. Hans Smith was chosen to have inspection over 
the woodland belonging to the church, that no trespass 
should be made on it; and if he sold any dry trees he 
should give in his account thereof at the next coming 

4. The preacher complained of the neglect of some 
members of the congregation to report the age of the 
children at the baptisms, the consequence of which is 
that he could not keep the register so correct as he had 
wished to. 

5. It was inquired if the English sermon in the after- 
noon m^ytcontinue, whereupon followed an affirmative 



Timotheus Stedham's two daughter's Elizabeth and Margaret 
died of dysentery. 

Cornelius Vandever's daughter Brig^tta, buried 7th October. 

Andreas Stalcopdied of consumption, buried 4th March. 

Bartholomew Paulson's daughter Catharina, buried 22nd Jan- 


1. Olle Monson's child Annika, bom January, baptized the 
30th of January. 

2. Peter Paulson and his wife Mary's child Mary, born the 
9th of January, baptized tbe 15th of January. ' . 

3. John Hedges and his wife Susanna's child Joseph, bom the 
7th of January, baptized the 1 ith of January. 

4. Peter Garrisson and his wife Sara's child John, born the 
6th of November, baptized the 20th of November. 

5. Garret Garrison and his wife Mary's child Garret, bom the 
8th of March, baptized the 7th of November. 

6. Israel Robeson and his wife Elizabeth's child Sara, bom the 
the 15th of February, baptized the 21st of February. 

7. Bartholomew Paulson and his wife Eleanor's child Mary, 
bom the 2d of October, baptized the 7th of October. 

8. Johan Hyland and his wife Mary's child Mary, bom and 
baptized the 27th of August. 

9. James Springer and his wife Mary's child Niclas, bom the 
5th, baptized the 8th of August. 

10. Lulof Peterson's child Israel, bom the 20th, baptized the 
24th of July. 

11. Carolus Springer and his wife Marg^t's child Rachel, 
bom the 6th, baptized the 12th of June. 

12. Joseph Springer and his wife Anna's child Sara, bom and 
baptized the 26th of October. 

13. Zachariah Dedrichson's child Ellinor, bom the 24th of 

14. William Stuby and his wife Anna's child James, bom 
the 8th of January, 1743. 


15. Augustin Constantin's child Sara, born the loth, 
baptized the 15th of January. 

1 6- Peter Stalcop and his wife Susanna's child Tobias, bom 
the I St, baptized the 6th of August. 

17. Anders Henricksop and his wife Mary's child Leddy, bom 
the 2ist, baptized the 27th of January. 

18. Anders Stalcop's child Mary, bom the 2d of September, 
baptized the 3d of October 

19. Peter Anderson and his wife Catharina Lorena's child 
Christina, born and baptized the 27th of October. 

20. William Tosawa and his wife Maria's child William, 
born the 22d, baptized the 28th of July. 

21. Richard Robeson and his wife Susanna's child Andrew, 
bom the 6th. baptized the 9th of March. 

22. Thomas Badrill and his wife Maria's child Thomas, bom 
the I St, baptized the 6th of March. 

23. Daniel Culen and his wife Elizabeth's child Daniel, bom 
the 22nd of September, baptized the loth of October. 

24. Henry Tathen and his wife Elizabeth's child Andrew, bom 
the ist, baptized the 12th of October. 

25. William Elly and his wife Margaret's child Benjamin, 
bom the 27th of July. 

26. Martin Ellet and his wife Jane's child Margret, bom the 
15th of December. 

The 2ist of January, 1738, there was a j^^eneral parish 
meeting held, when was di.scnssed the failing payment 
of the ground rents, and that it was no longer advisable 
to give a further time for consideration, particularly as 
some said that they would not pay, and others that they 
could not; wherefore the congregation concluded they 
would consult a lawyer if those could not be forced by 
the law to stand up to what the leases indicated. And 
Lucas Stedham and Henry Colesberg undertook to 
execute this proposal, and the expenses therefor were 
contributed by the undermarked members of the con- 
gregation, on the condition that Lucas Stedham, Henr>' 


Colesberg and Jonas Walraven should afterwards render 

an account to the congregation in accordance with their 


Record of Those Who Have Contributed. 

Mounce Justis, 
Philip Vandever, 
Marten Justis, 
John Stalcop, 
Charles Springer, 
Hans Smith, 
Christopher Springer, 
Jacob Stille, 
Timotheus Stedham, 
Jacob Hyne, 
Hans Peterson, 
Henry Colesberg, 
Augustin Constantin, 
Lncas Stedham, 
Jonas Walraven, 
Swen Justice, 
Justa Justice, Jr., 
Nils Justice, 
Cornelius Didrichson, 
Paul Paulson, 
Israel Petersson. 
Peter Hendrickson, 
Peter Stalcop, 
William Tossawa, 
William Paulson. 
Andrew Hendrickson, 
Peter Smith, 
John Vandevoir, 
Jesper Clawson, 
John Smith, 
Andrew Linan, 
Justa Justice^ Sr., 
Justa Justice, 



















































































Peter Anderson, 
John Hedge, 
John Paulson, 
Jonas Stedham, 
Benjamin Paulson, 
Co nrad Garrison , 
Peter Petersson, 
John Scoggin, 
Erik Stalcop, 
Andrew Justice, 
John Garrison, 

9 10 6 

The result of this was the following: That the case accord- 
ing to the opinion of the lawyer, should be placed upon another 
footing before they commenced any action thus; two or three 
members of the congregation should be invested with an abso- 
lute power to act, and do in this case as with their own. after they 
had given to the congregation their contrabond ? But this did 
not sound well in the ears of the multitude, and in that year 
nothing more was done. 

Pastor Peter Tranberg and his wife Catharina Rudman's child, 
bom the 7th of January, 1736-7, and died. 

Baptisms in 1744. 

1. William Culen and his wife Maria's child Rachel, bom the 
I St of October, baptized November loth. 

2. Philip Stalcop' s child Andreas, bom 29th October. 

3. William Vaniman and his wife Magdalena's child, Catha- 
rina, bom 28th April, baptised 29th May. 

4. Jonathan Hille's child Elizabeth, bom i8th, baptized 30th 
of July. 

5. John Springer and his wife Mary's child John, bom 18th of 
September, baptized the ist of October. 

6. Swen Justice and his wife Mary's child Christina, bom ist 
of , baptized the loth. 


7. Jonas Stedham and his wife Helena's child Jonas, born the 
nth of October, baptized the 19th. 

8. Jesper Clawson and his wife Maria's child Elizabeth, bom 
the 17th of September, baptized the 22nd. 

9. Jacob Hynes' child Rebecca, born in November, baptized 
the 13th of December. 

10. Nils Justice and his wife Mary's child Charles, bom the 
3rd of December, baptized the 12th. 

11. Elias Tasse's child Ally, bom and baptized the 12th of 

12. Peter Henrichson's child Sara, bom the 2i8t December, 
baptized the 28th. 

13. Powel Powelson's child Sara, 6 years old, baptized the 
28th of December. 

14. Jimes Anderson and his wife Brigitta's child Britta, born 
the 28th of March, baptized the 9th of April. 

15. Lylof Stedham and his wife Jane's child Joseph, born the 
5th. baptized the loth of July. 

16. William Stobby's child Magdalena,born the 1st, baptized 
the loth of November. 

17. Joseph Jackson and his wife Mary's child J Elizabeth, bom 
the 8th, baptized the 20th of April. 

18. James Senecks and his wife Margaret's child Isaac, bom 
the 12th of August, baptized the 9th of September. 

19. Henry Colesberg and his wife Elizabeth's child Susanna, 
born and baptized the 28th of December. 


John Golfrey to Mary Perkins. 
John Hopes to Ann Way. 
John Reese to Marget McLaly. 
James Floyd to Mary Bamet. 
John Smith to Ann Springer. 
Joseph Abraham to Margaret Farrys. 
James Hamilton to Mary Lammon. 
John Johnstone to Margaret Hogg. 
Patrick Monagan to Sara CrafFord. 
Charles Hall to Hannah Hall. 


Philip Stalcop to Susanna Bmnberg. 
John Cooper to Rachel Thompson. 
David Turns to Sara James. 
John Whelch to Marget Hillyard. 
Henry Stedham to Mary Griflfy. 
Johan Vanneman to Rebecca Stille. 
Joseph Willis to Hanna House. 
James Miller to Mary Miller. 
Daniel Lawson to Hanna Flemmen. 
Klias Humphreys to Elizabeth Harris. 
Edward Millegan to Mary Savaj^e. 
Nail McGraney to Ann Docherty. 
Cornelius Cabner to Catharina Spark. 
Mathew Long to EHefnor Bumside. 
Edward Harris to Margaret Curtill. 
John Garrison to Ann Glinn. 
Archibald Cannady to Catharina Jordon. 
William Lampligh to Rebecca Wilson. 
Francis Henekly to Ellenor Necklyn. 
Joseph Thomason to Susanna Edmundson. 
Richard Nicies to Catharine Mcjenny. 
David Bradford to Rosannah "Shepard. 
Joseph Williams to Martha Baldwin. 
Thomas Knot to Margret Mayer. 
Edward Carrel to Susanna Barker. 
Jonas Tungberg to Johanna Heart. 
Lars Holsten to Mary Pidget. 
John Wolsten to Elizabeth Vackerton. 
Josiah Ramsey to Elizabeth Holleys. 
Benj. Underwood to Lara Nicher. 
Robert McCartsy to Elizabeth Plate. 
Cornelius Obragan to Mary Crockert. 
Joseph Carter to Elizabeth Mounder. 
Thomas Thomberg to Debora Bruse. 
Charles Tassy to Marjory Knot. 
George Kock to M^ry Miller. 
William Vanneman to Mary Scott. 
Thomas Cohens to Mary Gragan. 
Benjamin Cook to Mar>' Gibs. 


John Walker to Hannah White. 
John Harrison to Ann McParlen. 
John Beard to Susanna Tutsey. 
James Whitecker to Hannah Davis. 
John Dully to Miriam Bush. 
George Miller to Susanna Bird. 
Thomas Smith to Elizabeth Ammet. 
Jacob Mote to Mary Ammet. 
Archibald Taylor to Catharine Richards. 
Benj. Beason to Elizabeth Pohlson. 
Gasper Trajoier to Elizabeth McGuky. 
Jassay Palkner to Martha Smith. 
Even Lewis to Liddy Litler. 
Archibald Armstrong to Mary Fresher. 
James Dicky to Isabel Hodgeson. 
Richard Polton to Isabel McChestney. 
Wm. Brackstineto Margery Gregg. 
Thom^ Belief to Ann Bates. 
Samuel Land to Catharine Davis. 
David Lewis to Maiy Morris. 
Arthur Graham to Mary Simson. 
James Lee to Rachel Jones. 
John Pile to Sara Baldwin. 
Philip Vandever to Beata Vanneman. 
Richard Grimes to Ann Buckley. 
Archibald Hamilton to Judith Fewler. 
Marris Ward to Elizabeth Hasford. 
Robert Baty to Elizabeth Forgeson. 
Patrick Oreton to Rachel Reece. 
James Ellet to Jane Sharp. 
Peter Dobbin to Mary Robeson. 
Hugh Martin to Mary Cony. 
Jonas Justis to Mary Walraven. 
Richard Dilworth to Susanna House. 
Thomas Peals to Mary Weans. 
John Link to Mary Kirk. 

September 15, 1744. — A parish meeting was held and 
it was agreed that Timothy Stedham, Philip Vandever 


and Henry Colesburg should have the church-ground re- 
surveyed, because one Samuel Millener will go over the 
line and said that he would stand to it: which survey 
was made, and it was found to be as he had said. 

Also it was agreed that two pews on each side of the 
church in front of the choir should be made, and the 
price of them be the same, as the foremost pews are noted 
in the church book. 

Also the following were elected vestrymen; Philip 
Vandever, Lucas Stedham, Christopher Springer, Charles 
Springer, Hans Smith, Morton Justice, Mounce Justice: 
and to be Church-wardens, Justa Justice and Peter 

September 28, 1744. — Cornelius Didrickson announced 
that he wanted to buy one pew-place on the men's side 
and one on the women's side; and it was consented that 
he should have a place in the new pew next to the narrow 
aisle on the men's side, and one place in the second pew 
on the women's side, for which he paid 5;^ 10 shillings. 

Hans Smith and Peter Smith paid on the same day 
2£. 10 shillings for their pew -rooms, which money was 
handed to Peter Smith and is now full paid for that 
which stood against them. 

At the same time it was consented to, that as Bruner 
Seneke intended to remove to another countr\' and 
liad sold his and his wife's pew-rooms to his brother 
John Seneke for 2£. 16 shillings this should be 
inserted in the records, that the said John Seneke and 
his wife should on this condition possess and occupy the 
said pew-rooms for themselves and their heirs that they 
may not sell them to any one who does not belong to the 
Swedish congregation. 

Also that lyucas Stedham and Timothy Stedham 


should procure a release from John Stalcop, concerning 
the priest-ground. 

As more pews were needed and there was sufficient 
room for them in front of the choir, Justa Justice and 
John Smith were instructed to build three pews on the 
men's and three on the women's side, having each for 
himself and his wife a pew-room, for the labor, at the 
price which the best pews sold, and at the reckoning 
they paid to the church 15s each for a pew room. The 
following persons were re-elected to Church Council : 
Philip Vandevoir, Lucas Stedham, Christopher Springer, 
Charles Springer, Hans Smith, Morton Justis, Mounce 

On the 1 2th of May, or Ascension Day, 1745, a gen- 
eral parish meeting was held when all unanimously 
agreed to transfer the lands and lots of the church to 
two men to do and act as they thought most proper, both 
in selling or letting out land on ground rent, but that 
they neither should sell nor let out more land than to 
the King's road, which goes from Thomas Millener's to 
Hans Peterson's, and the money for which the lots were 
sold should be set out on interest and therefrom should 
the priest be supported and the church repaired. These 
two so-elected men should also give their bond and ob- 
ligation to the congregation, which shows in what meas- 
ure they possessed such a right and authority to the 
same land, and to be therefor responsible when the con- 
gregation thinks it just to hold them to account. The 
vote fell on Timothy Stedham and Henry Colesberg; 
they afterwards were given, full authority and proper 
writings, and gave their bonds, which are kept safe in 
the church-chest, until others will succeed them. 

Be it known that Mary Springer, the wife of Johannes 


Springer, has of pure love to God and good affection to 
the church, bestowed a burial-pall for the use of 
Christina Church, which gift is so much the more re- 
garded inasmuch as the church had at that time none fit 
to use 


I . Elias King to Mary Beans. 

3. Robert Macarther to Alie Bufi&nton. 

II. James Guest to Phoebe Kvanson, 
John Welch to Elizabeth Vandevoir. 
James Vathan to Brita Peterson. 

28. Thomas Carle to Sara Anstel. 


Joshua Focker to Margret Webb. 
William Klenny to Mary Thomson. 
David Kelly to Ann Royly. 

23. James Dil worth to Liddy Martin, 11 years, 4 months 
and 23 days old. 

26. Joseph Gorby to Mary Loan. 


In Lent, none. 


17. John Linan to Catharina Robinson. 
21. William Cochran to Mary Humahrg. 
19. Andrew Morton to Johanna Withal. 
30. Samuel Smith to Rebecca Colter. 


4. Thomas Foster to Esther Morschey. 

6. Hugh Carrel to Marj' Fips. 

7. Richard Adkis to Mary Atherson. 
II. Richard Fassal to Rachel Agorsen. 
16. Archibald Crackon to Hanna George. 
16. Eiias Walraven to Christina Walraven. 
23. Richard Durrom to Margret Dawson. 



Mounce Hopman to Britta Matson. 
Thomas Canady to Mary Stolt. 
William Dackeyne to Ann Hance. 
Thomas Jones to Mary Ladly. 
Johan Cornelius to Catharina Stedham. 
Benjamin King to Poremer. 

Barney Hughes to Elizabeth Wolters. 
John Williams to Mary Garrison. 


Abel Whittaker to Mary Lofton. 
Josua Newbrough to Hanna Collier. 
Mathias Moston to Rebecca Evars. 
Valentin Bratson to Rebecca Hall. 
Wm. Beard to Mary Lockhart. 
Thomas Daniel to Johanna Milore. 
Samuel Branton to Elizabeth Blager. 
Henry Fowel to Dorothy Ballman. 
James McFam to Mary Mills. 


Elia Bradford to Susanna Peters. 

Samuel Horlan to Elizabeth Hallingsworth. 

James Ellet to Mary Bell. 

Samuel Cabner to Sara Dockria. 

Peter Bricker to Barbara Meyer. 

Wm. Beard to Marg^et Gordon. 

John Steel to Susanna Kaglay. 

Wm. Floyd to Ann Foston. 

David Evans to Ann Borch. 

Benjamin England to Susanna Collier. 

Mordecay Vernon to Mary Ellet. • 


Patrick Glason to Cicily Grav^. 
John French to Sarah Clark. 
John Stein to Jane McCoy. 
William Anderson to Jane Kalton. 


Cadwalet Griffith to Jane McKey. 
Nathan Frame to Catharine Chalfant. 


Alexander Lindsey to La tivSha James. 
John Price to Elizabeth Wollows. 
Samuel Gothrey to Margaret Kanots. 
John Moore to Elizabeth McCarty. 
Jacob Long to Ann Yung. 
Edward Parker to Marv Riser. 
Wm. March to Mary Jefrys. 
Jerem Godfrey to Mary Williams. 
James Downart to Mary Thomson. 
Joseph Powel to Mar}^ Peast. 


*^m. Qiughty to Jane Glansy. 
Wm. Dixon to Mary Collins. 
George Colter to Ag^es Miller. 
John Harday to Catharine Close. 
Robert Turner to Elizaljeth Andrew. 
Cxeorge Dickey to Mary Baker. 
Francis Elliott to Jane Legan. 
Mortin Mac Gra to Judith Cory. 
James Bird to Mary Ashford. 
Joseph Thomson to Isa1:)el Bristol. 


John Lathemore to Elizabeth Smith. 
Michel Montgomery to Ann McDoel. 
Thomas Bowles to Elizabeth Latty. 
Samuel Petles to Ellinor Reough. 
Wm. Montgomery to Amy McDoel. 
Charles Ahlford to Elizabeth Laughton. 
Joseph Grubb to Hanna Foard. 
John Hogly to Eliza Dawsy. 
James Goldsmit to Susanna Ash ton. 
Edward Duckerty to Elizabeth Carrel. 
James Crowley to Newport. 

Thomas Bowels to Elizabeth T^attv. 



1. Andreas Stille and his wife Catharina's child Jacob, bom 
and baptized the 22nd of January. 

2. Michael Genny and his wife Susanna Morton's child Jacob, 
bom the ist of April, baptized the 20th of May. 

3. Anders Hendrickson 's child Sarah, bom and baptized 15th 
of April. 

4. Samuel Peterson and his wife Mary's child Andrew, bom 
the 8th of May, baptized 9th of June. 

5. John Hedges and his wife Susanna Hendrickson 's child 
Sara, bom and baptized 1 1 th of May. 

6. Peter Anderson and his wife Catharina Loinan's child Mar- 
grita, bom 12th May. 

7. Peter Vandever and his wife Margarita's child Elizabeth, 
bora the i ith baptized the 30th of May. 

8. William Tossa and his wife Mary Scapenhois's child Mary, 
bom the 14th of May, baptized the 9th of June. 

9. Philip Vandever and his wife Beata Hoffman's children 
Rachel and Rebecca, bom and baptized the 27th of September. 

10. Richard Robinson and his wife Susanna Justice's child 
Mary, bom and baptized the i6th of December. 

11. Joseph Mortenson and his wife Regina Peterson's child 
Joshua, bom and baptized the second of April. 

12. Zacharias Hindrickson and his wife Elizabeth Howel's 
child William, bom the 14th, baptized 22d of September. 

13. Joseph and'Margret Abraham's child Mary, bom and bap-^ 
tized 1 6th of November. 

14. Joran and Catharina Loinan's child Brita, bom nth of 

Marriages in 1746. 


Thomas Huston to Ellinor Taylor. 

John Durrham to McLaghlin. 

John Cowins to Margret Creig. 
Wm. Griflfy to Catharina Morphey. 
Jonas Morton to Sara Justice. 
Robert More to Mary Roads. 

39^ records op 


John Shuggart to Susanna Talkinton. 
Edward Haggorn to Mary Black. 
Cornelius Clark to Jane Coniy, 
Joseph Rotheram to Catharine Jacobs. 
Robert Baverlin to Susan Goldtrop. 
Wm. Baldwin to Ruth Bams. 
Wm. Voniman to Christina King. 
John Martin to Margret Knocks. 
Samuel Hayes to Eliz. Heamey. 
John Bodly to Ann Pitchgirl. 
Andrew Bartelson to Catharine Hopman. 
Robert Reed to Lucy Barden. 


Daniel Avery to Judith Jackson. 
John Carter to Jane Black. 
Muxtey Handly to Sara Tate. 
Eric Stalcop to Mary Twigs. 
Cornelius Reyon to Ann Wilkinson. 
Henry Holyday to Mary Fail. 
James Kirk to Mary Walker. 
Patrick More to Mary Brown. 
Wm. Price to Eliz. Camel. 
John Jackson to Margret McFear. 
Aaron Harlay to Sara HoUingsworth. 
Wm. Henry to Hanna Tanner. 
John Powel to EUinor Bloomer. 


Niclas Corsine to Magdalena Senecks. 
Hugh Biyarly to Rebecca Forwood. 
John Brand to Margret Nicolson. 
Thomas Lion to Mary Oly. 
Edward Bennet to Patience Niclan. 
Hugh Romage to Jane Adare. 
3amuel Hall to Elizabeth Wellcock. 


John Kampster to Martha Collier. 
Richard Woodward to Mary Yetman. 
Isaac Barbor to Jane Henry. 


Ezekiel Wintworth to Mary Gilbor^. 
George McCleave to Elizabeth Portman. 
Richard Cornelius to Susanna Philips. 
John Walraven to Sara Stedham. 
Cornelius McOllem to Christina Supingam. 
Benjamin Jackson to Prishilla Vernon. 


Abel Morgan to Elizabeth dowels. 
John Bishop to Elizabeth Jordan. 
Nathaniel Canada to Mary Wood. 
Benjamin Moore to Ann Roads. 
Samuel Read to Ann Harper. 
James BuUerward to Catharine Hopman. 
Richard Bartelson to James Grooms. 
Michel Cleester to Jane Colberson. 
Wm. Miller to Jane Maggee. 
Joseph Elwill to Mary Jaquet. 
Joseph Jones to Ann I^tton. 
Charles Bark to Sara Mefarmick. 


James Hall to Mary Clenny. 
Peter Brunberg to Ann Owens. 


Patrick to McCarter. ^ 

Richard Egleston to Marg^t Shannon 
John Gibson to Ruth Martin. 
Francis Baldwin to Margret Little. 
John Vouraan to Mary Ford. 
Immanuel Burns to Mary Miller. 




George Crow to Mary Gandouct. 
Josua Roman to Rachel Pile. 
John Misman to Margret Swan. 


Amos Richards to Elizabeth Reece. 
Joseph Holland to Jane Young. 
Robert Ketrick to Isabella Hall. 
Amos Earby to Rachel Bayly. 
William Cracker to Ellenor Hoslip. 
Joseph Eldare to Sara Luflfirty. 
Abram Barbor to Mary Michel. 
Robert Piles to Mary Roman. 
Joseph Heald to Hannah Hild. 


Cornelius McSweany to El enor Birk. 
Nail Morns to Margret Tuffs. 
Darby Morgon to Elizabeth Clatt. 
Samuel Finley to Sara Willerton. 
John Sheals to Margret Sarr. 
Denny s Sallovain to Mary Leat. 



Thomas Hagton to Mary Dakrill. 
James Bredin to Susanna Mullin. 
John King to Magdalena Peterson. 
Peter Peterson to Magdalena Voniman, 
John Gardner to Margret Newnork. 
John McWilliams to Mary Blak. 
John Borom to Ann Vansant. 
Francis Baldwin to Charity Hackney. 
John Hanson to Ellenor Lewis. 


James Donn to Jean Parrel. 
Jacobus Heirs to Mary Blew. 

holy trinity (old swedes) church. ,^99 

Baptisms in 1746. 

1. Pastor Peter Tranberg and his wife Catharina Rudnian*s 
child Theophilus, bom 9th of March, baptized and died 9th of 

2. Carolus Springer and his wife Margret Robinson's child 
Rebecca, bom and baptized the 2nd of July. 

3. James Senecks and his wife Margret Werdeman's child 
Margret, bom and baptized the 6th ot July. 

4. Michel Sigmund and his wife Elizabeth Walraven's child 
' John William, bom and baptized i ith of July. 

5. Peter Smith and his wife Eliz. Wandewer's child Mar>% 
bom the 19th, baptized 22nd of Junf . 

6. James Anderson and his wife Rrita Loinan's child I^y. 
bom and baptized 5th of August. 

7. Nils Justis and his wife Maria Springer's child Justa. bom 
the 14th of September, baptized 21st of September. 

8. Joseph and Margret Abraham's child Agnes, bom and bap- 
tized 12th of October. 

9. William and his wife Magdalena's child Rachel, 
bom and baptized the 20th of MaixJi. 

10. James McGennisand his wife Laddy Kobb's child William, 
bom 15th of December, baptized 12th of June. 

11. Joran and Catharine Ijoinan's child Elizabeth, bom and 
baptized loth of July. 

12. Asmund Stedham and his wife Christiiim Hendrickaon *s 
child Sara, bom the 15th, baptized the 19U1 of November. 

13. Peter Peterson and his wife Rebecca HoflBnan*s child 
Maria, bom the 19th. baptized 26th of 


Henry Robinson to Margaret Dennys. 
Ebenezer WoUeston to Catharine Ogden. 
Henry Peaxe to Ann Bayly. 
John McRichy to Mary Williamson. 
Joseph Wilson to Ann Woodward. 



1. Wm. Bean to Margaret Evans. 

2. Wm. Reily to Ann Beaty. 

5. Wm. WoUeston to Sarah Ball. 

12. James HoUingsworth to Mary Harvey. 

13. Samuel Lewis to Ann Armer. 
16. John Hannons to Rachel Martin. 
19. David Whitleta to Mary Morten. 
21. Peter Ganthony to Hannah Broom. 
24. William Smith to Ann McClare. 
26. Thomas Veal to Mary Gothrey. 

26. Hugh McConnel to Elizabeth White. 


10. Uria Blew to Mary Jordon. 

11. N. McConnel to Isabella Bell. 

12. Robert Whiterous to IClizabeth Evans. 
15. James Webb to Mary Hurfurd. 

26. Thomas Harvey to Mary Armstrong. 
26. Daniel Mackarfoss to Liddy Hall. 
26. William Gapon to Christina Swanson. 


21. Charles Laughead to Elizabeth McNail, 

23. John Dobson to Hannah Fail. 

24. Henry Dearon to Elizabeth Stedham. 
29. Henry Burnet to Margaret Adare. 


3. John McGinnys to Martha More. 

7. Thomas Flaregan to Mary Scoggen. 
14. Lewis Resse to Sarah Lewis. 

14. Willian Thomas to Catharina Johns. 
14. James Elders to Elizabeth Poison. 
23. Samuel Moore to Sarah Wilson. 

8. Henry Badden to Hannah Bean. 

13. James Baxter to Elizabeth Clark. 



25. Erasmus Morton to Martha Bemmels. 
28. William Denney to Esther Btschop. 


I. Daniel King to Rebecca Chambers. 
5. John Plummer to Elizabeth Barber. 
12. Daniel Bean to Mary Heredith. 

20. Israel Stedham to Elizabeth Batson. 

21. James Mackever to Mary Owens. 
25. Cornelius Clark to Ann Hudgeson. 
25. David Ogle to Margaret Hall. 


5. John Bard to Anna Briond. 

6. Wm. McFarson to Margaret Trego. 
14. Thomas Ellet to Brigita Martin. 
20. John Jones to Ellenor Hooper. 

22. Garsheam Alexander to Jana Thomas. 
22. Geoige White to Susanna Cloud. 

30. Timothy Morphy to Ann Anderson. 


1. Niclas Fling to Sara Bettel. 

2. Patrick Cafford to Magdalen Dame. 

12. Brice Collins to Elizabeth Bradley. 
14. John Folton to Mary Crafford. 

14. Peter Jacquet to Elizabeth Jacquet. 
25. Hugh Morgan to Catharina Weight. 
2S. Isaac Witlock to Martha Bean. 
30. James Hersman to Hannah Dyke. 


6. Wm. Cross to Rachel Welk. 
8. Andrew More to Elizabeth 
1 1 . Philip Culford to Easter 

13. John McGrub to Joan Baxter. 

14. Wm. Cat let to Mary 



24. John McBright to Mary White. 
24. John Litle to Jane Mollin. 
24. Abraham Swi gg to Sara Bird. 


I. Charles Collet to Elizabeth Neals. 

15. John Walraven to Hannah Gravenrod> 
20. Jacob Kidd to Elizabeth Smith. 

29. Henry Vandever to Sara Barber. 
29 Alexander Davidson to Ann Denny. 


4. Peter Boon to Debora Monde. 

24. Wm. Armstrong to Ready Armstrong. 
20. John Springer to Mary Welsh. 

16. Robert Chalfon to Sara Cloud. 

23. Frances McFall to Sara McGarvi. 
James Canady to Christian Meason. 

24. Cain Wholohan to Martha Kelley. 

24. Jeremiah Gran to Susanna Thomson. 

25. Isaac McDowal to Elizabeth LittoU 
12. Samuel Harper to Mary Butler. 

30. Adam Steward to Sara Hamilton. 


I. James Danally to Mary Morrow. 

5. Martin Justice to Magdalena Pohlson. 
10. Claytor Buddie to Anne Bird. 


1. Carolus Springer and his wife Margaret Robinson's child 
Elizabeth, bom and baptized i8th of February. 

2. Wm. Van Neman and his wife Mary Scott's child Abraham 
bom and baptized 17th of March 

3. John Springer and his wife * Mary's child Margarita, bom 
and baptized 25th of March. 


4. John Walraven and his wife Sara Stedham*s child Jonas, 
bom 29th of May, baptized 8th of June. 

5. Joseph Springer and his wife Anna Justice's child Anna, 
bom and baptized i8th of June- 

6. Cornelius Stedham and his wife Susanna's child Mary, bom 
and baptized 27th of August. 

7. Wm. Castan and Christina Swensson's child Andreas, bom 
and baptized loth of November. 

8. Henric and Anna Pierce's child Joseph. 


John Jaquet to Johanna Clawson. 
John Knotts to Elizabeth Taknet. 
Daniel Sharpley to Catharine Robeson. 
Wm. Patton to Agnis Boyd. 
Daniel Done to Mary James. 
Moses White to Ann Cann. 
Thomas Chalfon to Marg^t Green, 


Samuel Wright to Jane Momey. 


Alexander Harper to Sara Patton. 
James Alexander to Mary Gray. 
Timothy Canners to Catharine Hays. 
Henry Hoi lis to Ann Harvey. 
Thomas Ogle to Elizabeth Robeson. 
Andrew Cox to Mary Link. 
Wm. Sharpley to Susanna Earby. 
Thomas Vichry to Sara Sinex. 
Samuel Jones to Mary Correl. 


Robert Rea to Sara Parker. 
James Pyle to Sara Harlon. 


James Carson to Mary Espy. 
Giles Sankey to Margaret Calhoun. 
Charles Springer to Mary Ball. 
Charles Pierce to Ann Austle. 
John Way to Mary Pierce. 
Jonnathan Jordan to Mary Vaugham. 


I. James Ottlay to Anne Pierce. 

3. Robert McGarrout to Agnes Kelly. 

5. John Philpot to Ann Roberts. 

6. Wm. Bork to Susanna Hosen. 
16. Thomas Downs to Indy McFall. 
16. John Tinn to Mary McGee. 

18. James Stevenson to Elizabeth Weldin. 

19. John Cox to Ellenor Elnes. 

26. Zachrison Didrickson to Elizabeth Poison. 

29. Swen Justis to Mary Jones. 

30. Charles GoUfey to Margret Ellegon. 


John Norman to Prishilla Besly. 
John Montgomery to Charity Reed. 
Patrick Bums to Rose Inglisby. 
Edward Ogle to Margret Howard. 
John Heeld to Margpret Davis. 


I. Isaac Baily to EUinor Cohoon. 

I. John Kelly to Sara Welldon. 

10. Wm. Ruledson to Martha Evans. 
3. Bame}'' Rice to Mary Hooper. 

II. Daniel Show to Catharina Bums. 

12. Lulof Stedham to Mary Rotter. 

13. Jacob Vandevoir to Mary Cannaway. 
18. John Fillpot to Ann Casparson. 

20. James Steward to Hannah Woolcocks. 
20. John Berry to Cathanna Anhedson. 


20. Thomas Sing:leton to Mary McDoul. 

24. Thomas Giffing to Hannah Bell. 

26. John Mahan to Ellinor Caby. 

27. Wm. Famiss to Mary Bowling. 

28. Robert Hueston to Jane Craflford. 

25. Wm. Hall to Elizabeth Reyal. 


8. John Dolboy to Hannah Williams. 

13. Thomas Thomason to Elizabeth Camel. 

14. David Bush, Esq., to Ann Welsh. 
18. Jonathan Gust to Elizabeth Catori. 
23. Peter Jaquet to Jane Crafford. 

30. Hugh Cummins to Ellinor I^ughton. 

23. John Pedrick to Rachael Grubb. 
25. Wm. Reed to Elizabeth Duglas 


Philip Taylor to Mary Riley. 
Zacheus Kay to Sarah George. 
Robert Bolton to Elizabeth Thomson. 
James Maxwell to Margret Bullock. 


3. Archdibald McDunold to Elizabeth Johnston. 
6. John Hopes to Rachael Bams. 
3. Wm. FoUis to Sara Maker. 
28. Nathan Cloud to Ann Smith. 

6. Jonathan Kirk to Dorothy More. 

7. Isaac Allen to Liddy Jackson. 
27. Hugh Laughlin to Mary Evans. 

24. Cornelius Gutrey to Jane Peterson. 
17. John Allen to Lucretia Loyd. 

May 5th, 1748. Agreed by the congregation. 

1. Justa Justice and John Springer to be Ciiurch- 

2. Jonas Walraven chosen a vestryman in place of 
Hans Smith. 


3. Christopher Springer and Jonas Walraven were 
chosen to see that the bond of Timothy Stedham and 
Henry Colesberg be renewed. 

4. Allowed to Henry Colesberg 5;^. and the rent of 
his lot for his services for the year 1747; and the same 
for Timothy Stedham. 

5. Hans Peterson was chosen to have oversight of 
the woodland. 

6. Delivered to John Springer in cash, six pounds, 
ten shillings, belonging to the church. 

7. John Springer bought 11 cords of wood at the rate 
of 2 shillings, 6 pence per cord: i;^ 7 sh. 6d. 

8. Paid to Andrew Loinan in full for all service to 
this date, 5 pounds. 

9. Asmund Stedham, chosen clerk, to have 2 pounds 
a year for his service, and he tq clear the church-yard 
of thorns and bushes growing up, and to sweep the 
church three times a year. He is to dig the graves of 
all English burials in the church-yard. 

N. B. — 10. Justa Justice brought his account and 
there is ten shillings and two pence in his hands. 

11. Two candlesticks belonging to the church sold at 
the rate of eighteen pence a pound, using 7-5^ pounds= 
0.. II.. 7.. 2 — ^and another by weight ^}4 pounds=o.. 
5.. 3.. which money is lodged in John Springer's hands. 

12. A book to keep in the church to record the purse 

13. Allowed that Peter Smith's seat in the church 
might be changed to the womens' side in the first old 
pew, formeriy belonging to the minister's wife, provided 
that Hans Smith is so willing. 


14. Henry Colesberg and his wife bought the first pew 
of the old, and paid the money. In the same pew on 


the mens' side Timothy Stedham has bought and paid 
for one seat. 

Baptisms, 1748. 

1 . Joseph Jackson and his wife Mary 's child Benjamin, bom 
and baptized i ith of January. 

2. Philip Van de Weer and his wife Beata Hoffman's child 
Rebecca, born and baptized 30th of January. 

3. John Hedges and his wife Susanna Hindricsson 's child 
Samuel, born and baptized ist of February. 

4. John Smidt and his wife Anna Springer's child Rachel, 

bom the 7th, baptized 13th of March. 

5. Peter Anderson and his wife Catharina Loinan's child Mary, 

bom and baptized 2nd of April. 

6. Asmund Stedham and his wife Christina Hindrickson's 
child Cornelius, bom 12, baptized i8th of June. 

7. Joseph and Margaret Abraham's child Sara, bom and bap- 
tized 12th October. 

8. Henry Darran and his wife Elizabeth Stedham's child Su- 
sauna, bom 19th of iSeptember, baptized in October. 

9. Nils Justice and his wife Mary Springer's child Christina, 
bom 4th of November, baptized 13th of November. 

10. Joran and Catharina Loinan's child Anders, bom 25th of 

July 2nd, 1749. — This day there was public notice 
given in Christeen Church for a general meeting of all 
the members of the said congregation, on the 8th day of 
said month inWilmington,at which meeting were present 
the Vestry and Churchwardens, and several others of the 
congregation, and it was concluded that as Timothy 
Stedham desired to resign the oflSce of trustee of said 
congregation, he was then chosen a vestrymen; and it 
was likewise concJuded that Henry Colesberg should 
remain atrustee, with Andrew Tranberg in the place of 
Timothy Stedham, likewise that John Springer remain a 
Churchwarden with Lulof Stedham in the place of Justa 


Baptisms 1749. 

^. Thomas Natt and his wife Margareta Mayer's child Johaona, 
bom and baptized 20th of January. 

2. Andrew Hendrickson and his wife Maria's child Tobias, 
bom 26th, baptized 30th of January. 

3. Joseph Jackson and his wife Mary's child John, bom 17th 
January, baptized 2nd of April. 

4. James Minzi and his wife Ellenor Willing *s child Edai,bom 
and baptized 30th of May. 

5. Joseph Mortenson and his wife Regina Peterson's child 
Mary, bom and baptized ist of June. 

6. Olaf Tossa and his wife Mary Schapenhois' children Isaac 
and Rebecca, bom and baptized i6th of September. 

7. James Anderson and his wife Brigrita Loinan's child Andrew, 
bom 15th of October, baptized i8th of November. 

8. Peter Peterson and his wife Rebecca Hoffman's child Rachel, 
bom 24th of October, baptized iSth of November. 

9. Peter Stedhamand his wife Isabella Hare's child William, 
bom 30th September, baptized 30th of November. 

10. Michael Sig^und and his wife EHzabetli Walraven's child 
Cornelius, born and baptized 6th of December. 

11. James Seneck and his wife Margaret Werdeman's child 
Morina, bom 26th October, baptized 26th November. 

12. Hans Gorgen Rushocken and his wife Mary Prey's child 
Catharina, bom 13th of November, baptized loth December. 

13. The child Phoebe, bom 9th of January, baptized i8th of 
December, the parents negroes. 

14. John Dil more and his wife Elizabeth Aldrichson's child 
Edward, bom 14th June, baptized 14th December. 

15. Swen Walraven and his wife Catharina Hindrickson's 
child Johannes, bom 21st December, baptized 24th December. 

16. John Racen and his wife Anna Petersson's child Andrew, 
bom 25th, baptized 31st December. 


Andrew Cock died the 8th of December, buried loth Decem- 
Johannes Walraven buried 30th December. 

hoi,y trinity (old swedes) church. 409 


William Glinn to Mary Tool, the 30th November, of Nqj/ 
Castle County and Brandewyn Hundred. 

Thomas Corcoran to Prudence Foresides, 26th of December, of 
Brandewyn Hundred. 

Wm. Strode to Debordh Woodward, the 28th of December, 
both of Chester County and East Bradford Township. 

On the 8th of November, 1748, Pastor Peter Tran- 
berg resigned his soul to his Saviour's hand, to be trans- 
ferred to the Heavenly joy. He took his leave of this 
world from the other side of the river in the house of 
Mr. William Von Neman, where he had gone to bury 
his (Mr. Von Neman's) parents, Mr. OUe Von Neman 
and his wife Magdalena Von Dever, who had died in 
Penn's Neck four days previously. His lifeless body 
was brought home and interred in its resting place, the 
loth day of November. He had been a faithful pastor 
over Racoon and Penn's Neck congregations for fifteen 
years, over Christina congregation for. seven years, and 
over the Swedish Lutheran congregations in general, 
under many occuring vacancies, as well as many Eng- 
lish congregations, during the whole time he resided in 
America, viz. : twenty-two years. • 

Thus passes soon this race away, and others take its place; 
The weary, lingering, lengthy .day is closed in night's embrace; 
This world is but a shifting scene where nought but change is 

Births, life and death, till God forbids, will roll a constant round. 
Blest is the man whose soul is g^ven to Christ to keep and save, 
He trusts with gladness and content, his body to the grave. 

When e'er the Royal Shepherd calls a pastor to his rest, 

And in his place another puts — ^Which then is the more blest ? 

The one whose work in life is done, who rests in bliss above, 

Or his successor, who must still, with persevering love, 

An ever watchful guardian be to rear the lambs of God; 

He with less joy obeys God's will, than he beneath the sod. 







Record of the Historian Rev. Israel Acrelius, 


When the venerable consistory at Upsula had learned 
by a letter dated August, 1748, that the pastor over the 
churches at Rakoon and Pensneck, and provost over the 
Swedish Lutheran Churches in America, Magister Johan 
Sandin had been removed by death, the most worthy 
consistorinm aforesaid, took all necessary care to provide 
a worthy and proper priest to supply the above mentioned 
places. The Highworthy Doctor and Archbishop Herr 
Doctor Hinrich Benzelius'had not yet entered upon his 
Arch-episcopal office, but was still in his former Bishopric 
of Lund, therefore the Professor of Theology, Herr 
Magister Engelbrecht Hallenius took upon himself the 
special care of this business, and verbally proposed to 
me to take the appointments which at first I entirely 
declined, but finally asked that 1 might have some 
weeks to consider the matter, nevertheless, he dispatched 
the very next day the following written commission. 
Worthy and High-learned Herr Magister. 

After the consistory had been apprised that the pastor 
over Rakoon and Pensneck, and provost over the 
Swedish Lutheran Churches in Pennsylvania, Magister 
Johan Sandin had been removed by death in the latter 
part of the last year, and the reception of instructions 



from the Highly Praised Royal Conciliar Colege with the 
Most Highworthy Herr Arch Bishop's direction that the 
consistory should look out some proper and capable 
priestman to exercise the same offices and immediately 
propose him humbly to his Majesty for appointment, has 
the consistory after much deliberation and consideration 
of the necessary qualifications for the trust become 
satisfied that they find them in your Worthiness, and 
herewith call youi; Worthiness to be pastor in Rakoon 
and Pensneck, and provost over the Swedish Lutheran 
Churches in Pennsylvania, with the assurance that after 
the performance of the duties of those offices for seven 
years you shall be called home to enjoy a proper promo- 
tion in the Diocese. The consistory awaits your answer 
by the next post. 

And remain your Worthiness* 

Ready and willing servants, 

Olof Celsius, 
Mathew Asp, 
Engelbrecht Hallenius, 
Gabriel Mathesius, 
L. Benzelsticrna, 
Laur Norin. 

Because Prof Hallenius especially took charge of this 
work, and from my childhood with teaching, instruction 
and training had been my great patron and favourer so 
that he not only knew me best, but also wished espec- 
ially for my best good, therefore instead of declaring 
before the whole consistory, my reasons for not wishing 
the appointment and declining the charge, I preferred to 
communicate with him separately and gave him my 
answer, saying that I would rather face inevitable death 
than undertake this work, for I was entirely ignorant of 


the English language; that Swedish was in our Ameri- 
can churches in a great degree forgotten and neglected, 
so that it might be that for the first year I could do little 
or no service in all the work necessary to be done in 
the various charges committed to me and pertaining to 
the proper duties of a priest and consequently I should 
be a disgrace to my bishop and consistory and my whole 
Fatherland before all the people, and especially as there 
are so many sects among the inhabitants, and moreover 
that the sects of the Hemhuters are said even now to be 
in our churches, both teachers and hearers being cor- 
rupted by whom I shall . be antagonized at once at 
my arrival. That I have seen what commotions these 
folks had produced at home in Sweden and appre- 
hended much greater in America where there is freedom 
for ever>' kind of religion and teaching. These with 
other reasons that cannot so properly be put down here, 
made this journey and this appointment intolerable to me 
so that I prayed with all my heart to be spared from the 
undertaking. But should the venerable consistory not 
find sufficient force in these reasons and by their legiti- 
mate authority are pleased to lay this yoke upon me or 
in lack of any other for the service. The honor of God 
and the service of the church shall have hearty obe- 
dience, and no unwillingness, disobedience and disrespect 
shall hinder me from going wherever in the world they 
might send me. The lyord's will be done. 

Herr Prof. Hallenius considered this my simple 
answer of so much importance that he had it read in 
the consistory whereupon, was issued this later written 

Worthy and High learned Magister; 
As Herr Prof. Hallenius has to-day given into the 


hands of the consistory your Worthiness* written com- 
munication to the said Herr Professor, giving reasons and 
statements why you wished to be excused from the call of 
the consistory to the service of the Swedish Lutheran 
congregations in Pennsylvania, and the, consistory do 
not find the causes and circumstances to be of the 
quality and weight that they on your Worthiness' side 
ought to hinder in so praiseworthy and christian purpose 
as this, and so the consistory cannot on account thereof 
alter their well-considered appointment, and so the con- 
sistory herewith must the same well considered call pos- 
itively renew with the sure expectation that your Worthi- 
ness will look on it as a call from God and not refuse to 
serve the church of God even in a distant land, whose 
inhabitants truly need a shepherd and soul carer of 
proved capacity and experience, which qualifications the 
consistory are certain that your Worthiness posesses, and 
will expect by the next post your Worthiness' favorable 
answeiT to this reiterated call. 


Upsula, March 15, 1740. Your willing Servants, 

Olof Celcius, Matthew Asp, Engelbrecht Hallenius, 
Gabriel Matthesius, L. Benzelsteiner. 

Laur Norin. 

When I had received this second call from the con- 
sistory, with a private letter from Prof Hallenius, and 
bv the conversation of other zealous individuals been 
strengthened, I found myself by God's kind Providence 
entirely won over, and so finally by my answer to the 
consistory, accepted the appointment. 

And now I was anxious- to start on my journey by the 
first ship, but this could not be till the Doctor and Arch 
bishop came to Upsula, but to save time and take ad- 


vantage of the season of the year, the doings of the con- 
sistory were sent from Upsula to Lund, and from the 
Arshbishop who was at Lund to His Royal Majesty 
ifa Stockholm, whereupon this commission was issued. 

We. Fredrich, by God^s grace Sweden, Go the and 
Venders, King, &c.. Landgrave of Hesse, Prince of 
Hirschfeldt, Count of Catzenellenbogen, Dietz, Ziegen- 
hagn, Nidda and Schaumburg, &c., &c., &c., make 
known that for the supply of the oflSces of provost, and 
the pastorate of the churches of Racoon and Pens- 
neck in America, left vacant by the death of Magister 
John Sandin. 

The Preacher Extraordinaoriness at our admiralty 
here in Stockholm, Magister Israel Acrelius on account 
of his solid learning, and good training has been humbly 
recommended to us. We have herewith and by virtue 
of our open authorization graciously willed to order 
him, Magister Israel Acrelius to be provost over the 
Swedish Churches in America, as also pastor of the 
Evangelical Churches at Racoon and Pensneck, where- 
with we grant him fifty pounds sterling per year as 
provost, over which he may be able to obtain from the 
churches as pastor. Let all to whom it may concern be 
diligent in the performance of the business. 

For greater suret\' we have subscribed this with our 
own hand and caused it to be confirmed by our royal 
seal. Friedrich. 

Stockholm Council Chamber, May 29th, 1749. 


Immediately after the arrival of the Archbishop, I 

was on the 29th of May called from Stockholm to the 

consistory to receive my instructions as provost. This 

our expedition was the first business done by,Herr Dr. 


and Archbishop Henrick Benzelius, on his entrance 
into his Archbishopric and he gave to it great care and 

Just at this time a letter came from this church at 
Christina announcing the departure by death of the 
pastor Peter Tranberg. Thereupon as I had already 
been called, and by the King's commission ordered to 
the churches at Racoon and Pensneck, but this Chris- 
tina Church were very urgent to have me, and as neither 
of us now appointed priests were oldest either in years 
or ordination, but both similarly situated, I requested 
humbly to be transferred from Racoon and Pensneck 
to Christina. 

The Herr Dr. and Archbishop was at first strongly 
opposed to it, and chiefly because the consistory had 
heretofore been informed that such changes from one 
church to another here in America had not been 
followed by good results. 

The matter was then held under consideration for a 
long time and dragged on for some weeks. 

Finally, by the forcible representations of some good 
men, who were my special favorers, the Archbishop 
acquiesced and sent a new proposition to his Royal 
Majesty for my transfer, after which this later communi- 
cation followed. 

We, Friedrich, by God's grace, Sweden, Goths and 
Vende's King, &c., &c.. Landgrave of Hesse, Prince of 
Hirschfeldt, Count of Catzenellenbogen, Dietz, Nidda 
and Schaumburg, &c., make known that whereas 
through the death of Pastor Peter Tranberg of the 
church at Christina, the pastorate stands vacant and for 
the transfer pf the lately by us ordered provost over the 
Swedish Lutheran Churches in America, and pastor over 


the Evangelical Churches in Racoon and Pensneck, 
Magister Israel Acrelius, on account of his sound learn- 
ing and correctness of living, humbly proposed to us. 
We herewith by virtue of this our open commission 
graciously will transfer the above named Magister Israel 
Acrelius to the pastorate of the above named church at 
Christina, in the place of the departed Peter Tranberg, 
wherewith we grant him fifty pounds sterling per year 
over what shall come to him from the pastorate. 

And let all to whom it may concern be obedient in 
the performance of this. For greater surety we have 
subscribed this with our own hand and caused it to be 
confinned with our royal seal. 

Stockholm in the Council Chambers, 

June 26th, 1749. 



On account of this exchange my journey was delayed 
till sometime in the summer, but this was not the only 
reason. Magister Olof Parlin who was also appointed 
pastor at Wiccacoe and had also received his money 
from the royal treasury for the journey, fell sick of a 
severe fever and ague. 

The Herr Archbishop would by no means have us 
separate from each other, but when it seemed hopeless 
to wait for his recovery, Preacher Extraordinaries Hen- 
Eric Unander and I obtained leave to start on 
our journey and we took leave of the Herr Archbishop 
in Stockholm, and on the 20th of July in the evening I 
went on board ship from the wharf in Stockholm ^o go 
direct to London. The journey went favorably, glory 
be to God, yet we were four weeks on the passage and 
landed in the city the 17th of August. 


God wonderfully delivered me from two fatal dangers 
on this voyage. The first was, when on the 31st of July 
the captain and I went up from the ship to Helsingor to 
exchange some Swedish money, and we were in a little 
Danish boat 

[Here a leaf is lost] 

The text for the sermon was Sirach, 7th chapter, 40th 
verse: Whatever you are doing think on the end, etc., 
and the reflection drawn from it was, a christian's right 
thought upon the end. 

After the service was ended the wardens and church 
council were notified to meet on the next Saturday, 
which was the 25th of November, that they might con- 
sult with reference to a suitable lodging for me. This 
was done at the request of Henry Colesberg. 

ist. On the day appointed there was a full attendance, 
and as I, from the the time of my arrival, had lived in 
the house of Pastor Tranberg deceased, and wished to re- 
main there, the parish authorities made an arrangement 
with the family for a room for me until there should be 
opportunity to build a house or procure rooms for me 
elsewhere, and also agreed that the congregation should 
pay the cost of my lodging, but other necessaries to be 
furnished by myself 

2nd. The ves*ry promised to provide wood for me 
which they did the following week. 

I judge it to be necessar>' to keep the records of the 
chutch in the Swedish language withoutany mixture of 
English, but the writing will be in Roman letters 
insteafl of Swedish, as heretofore. 

ist. That they who understand Swedish and can write 
with English letters, may here find good reading, 


as no Swedish American at present can read anything 
written with Swedish letters. 

2nd. The latin letters are much used in Sweden at 
this time, and the use of them both in writing and 
printing is increasing fast, so that even those books 
which are in the monkish character will be printed in 
the style which was common before the monks altered 
the letters. 

3d. I have bought a number of Swedish psalm books 
in the same style with the approval of the Archbishop, 
and as they seem to be in demand on account of the 
style, I have written for more, and also humbly requested 
that the books sent hereafter may be of the same sort, 
thus making the instruction of the youth more easy. My 
successors who will reap the harvest of this, I hope will 
never deviate from this, and also will earnestly endeavor 
to keep up the knowledge of the Swedish language, 
their mother tongue, which is now much declined. 

Following the example of my good old predecessors, 
especially the happily deceased Provost Magister Ericus 
Biork and Magister Andreas Hessellius whose ashes I re- 
vere in their graves, and whose memory shall be a per- 
petual blessing for their great zeal for God's glory, the 
improvement in faith and piety of the church here and 
the honor of their dear Fatherland in a so far distant re- 
gion of tliis world. 

When I contemplate their official energy, their exem- 
plary walk and indescribable patience, I beseech my 
God that he will grant me in their spirit to be doubly 
laborious, nevertheless I shall deem myself happy if I 
shall be able to attain to the half of their performances. 

Following their example I say, I will write down the 
present state of the church here, and these altertions, 


which our Sweedish congregations have undergone since 
so many different races, religions and sects have mixed 
themselves in such alterations as the first Swedish teach- 
ers could not have imagined. I read with reverence 
the most minute record of the transactions of the qhurch 
under my very meritorious predecessors, and however 
unecessary some parts seem at first view, yet they ex- 
plain to the newly arrived teacher the character of the 
people and the state of the congregation in times past, 
and in what I shall myself record or cause to be recorded 
I presume on a like kind judgement by my successors. 

The christian teaching is in a very sorrowful state, both 
as to quality and practice. From the time of the de- 
parture of Provost Andreas Hessellius no Swedish school 
has been kept, and the children have gone to English 
schoolmasters who have simply taught them to read. 
Some of the people have taught their children in the 
Swedish so far as they thought necessary. The late Pastor 
Tranbergis said to have sometimes catechized thechildren, 
but as no record was kept, I do not know what children 
they were, nor what prayers were used and taught. An- 
other sign of great ignorance and doctrine is, that the 
Lord's Supper is fallen into contempt. 

Some few old persons, and very few of them, come 
thereto. The first time the communion was adminis- 
tered by me only two persons partook thereof, though 
this holy ordinance had not been celebrated in the 
church for long over a year. 

There are many persons thirty, forty or more years 
old, who have never been to the communion. Baptisms 
have been deferred till the children were six, seven and 
eight weeks old, especially when the mother was sick, 
as the custom has been largely introduced for the par- 


ents to stand as sponsors for their children. There is 
no certainty on what holy days services should be held 
The graves have been dug when the people should have 
been in church and after the service the corpse has been 
brought without any previous announcement and anew 
service asked for. On the women's side no song was 
heard, and hardly a single person made use of a psalm 
book, though the pews were well supplied with books, 
but they were mostly torn and loose from the cover. 

Nobody seemed to care to announce their children for 
baptism, that their name, age and witnesses might be re- 
corded. All these circumstances were to me cau^ of 
great anxiety and consideration, at the beginning of 
my ministry, and how by the help of the Supreme, these 
errors and disorders might be corrected. 

On the 27th of December a general parish meeting 
was called and the following matters were presented 
and acted upon. 

ist. That for the better order the service shall begin 
between St. Michael's day and the first of May at eleven 
o'clock, but for the rest of the summer at lo o'clock. 

2nd. The congregation were admonished not to delay 
the baptism of their children over eight days, or if it be 
• cold wintry weather, or if they live at a great distance 
not over two weeks, otherwise a great responsibility will 
lie on the parents if their children should die unbap- 

3rd. I stated to them that I felt heartfelt pain and 
anxiety because the Holy Sacrament of the Lord's 
Supper had come into great neglect and contempt ; thf t 
many old and decrepit people never come to it, and the 
youth care nothing at all about it. That some old 
people, sick, long confined in bed die without request- 


ing their teacher to come to them and administer the 

dear and blessed sacrament. The congregation was 

urged therefore to consider what this ordinance signifies. 
The parents to reflect upon their own state and duty 

and also to instruct their children. 

4th. The fact that the Swedish language had very 
much fallen out of use was mentioned and that the rea- 
son was that few of the youth came to church, and that 
they seemed not to comprehend how necessary it was to 
keep up the language if they expect any more Swedish 
priests, and how much greater the advantage to have 
preaching in the father language than in English and 
because such abundance of Swedish books have time 
after time been sent over, and still more to be expected. 

And that now also is a good time to get a Swedish 
school-master, because the student Herr Nils Forsberg 
is arrived here from Gotheberg and offers his service. 

Some of the congregation seemed to be willing, and 
as ordinary school keeping did not seem practicable on 
account of the scattered situation of the families about 
the country, he was received into their houses taking up 
his abode first with one and then with another, and thus 
instructing their, children. 

5th. It was urged that timely notice should be given 
of baptisms and burials as they ought to be recorded in 
the church-book, and they were told how thoughtless it 
was in parents not to afford for their children certain in- 
formation of their age, &c., and that they must without 
delay give notice of their children who had been bom 
within the last four years, as no record was made in the 
church-book during that time. 

6th. Asmund Stedham being about to remove some 
distance from the church, resigned the office of sexton 
in favor of Peter Peterson. But Peter Peterson was not 


content with the present wages 2£^ as next summer 
when the church will be repaired there will be much 
more to do than usual and more trouble for the sexton, 
wherefore he would rather serve for nothing on condi- 
tion that his' successors should do likewise. Nothing 
was concluded about it. 


On reminding them that the church needed great re- 
pairs and should at once be examined, I was immedi- 
ately asked if I wished a new house this year and when 
the congregation should attend to that. I was thankful 
for the oflFer, but decided that I was satisfied to board 
somewhere in the town until I had seen the church con- 
siderably helped, not being able with good heart to see 
God's house in a decayed and rotten condition for our 
service while I myself should dwell comfortably. Every 
one was pleased with my answer, therefore the church 
was inspected and found in need of the following re- 

ist. At the south door a wall to support the long side 
which sinks down so that the arch in the church is 
in danger of breaking, the wall can be made so as to 
serve as a protection in stormy weather and from the 
heat of summer. 

2nd. The roof was found much decayed. 

3rd. The bell needs recasting having been cracked 
for many years, and it should be done next summer. 

4th. The church should be rid of the nests of birds 
which are built under the arch over the pews, filling 
them with exccrement and nastiness, and also should be 
white-limed and the pews, should be washed. 

5th. The north and west doors which are entirely de- 
cayed should be made anew. 


6th. New windows with large panes, and to begin 
with, that by the pulpit which is so much decayed that 
it does not keep oflF the north wind from the preacher. 

7th. A sacristy to be built at the outer wall from the 
door at the foot of the pulpit stairs, which door was 
made for that purpose when the church was first built. 

To all these repairs etc. found necessary the congxe- 
gattion willingly consented. 



ist. Around the pulpit there is an old cover of plush 
which is ragged and faded, and therefore should be 
taken away. 

2nd. It was proved necessary according to the custom 
of the Swedish church for better order and facility in 
finding the psalms to make use of cipher tablets. The 
congregation who were entirely unacquainted with 
them could not at once see the use of them, but 
with good will left it to my pleasure. Farther on is 
the introduction of them. 

3rd. To have a week day visiting apparatus to be in 
readness for visiting the sick, to administer the sacra- 

4th. Mass linen which is not only Swedish but 
English Church-vestment. 

5th. A new altar cloth. 

6th. Also a new chalice cloth. 

7th A new church book. 

In order to furnish these, the congregation were 
advised each one to contribute according to his ability, 
and thus show his honor, but nobody seemed disposed 
to do this, but all were in favor of taking it from the 
funds of the church. 


Finally, it was asked if they intended to give me any 
inventarium, and what was the understanding with 
regard to that left by the late Pastor Tranberg. It was 
answered that what was left by him was of so little 
value that it was not worth while to require any account 
of it. And so there was no more inventarium. 

A. D. 1750. — The next Sunday after New Years, I had 
grace from my God to forcibly set forth to my hearers in 
a sermon, the great necessity and use of the sacrament 
of baptism, whereby a young man twenty-two years of 
age, of Swedish parentage, was moved and awakened to 
consider his lamentable condition, as he. had not yet 
been christened. He was bom at Egg Harbor, where 
there was no priest at that time. His parents died 
during his childhood and no one had afterwards taken 
any care for him. His name was Olof Paulson. He 
desired to be baptized now, but as he had scarce any 
knowledge of religion yet could speak Swedish, I gave 
him a catechism and psalm book and put him under the 
instniction of a Swedish married woman, hoping to see 
God's work carried on in him. 

I made inquiry of some of the elders of the congre- 
gation if it was to be believed that he had already been 
baptized, for I somewhat doubted him, for he seemed to 
me somewhat simple. But all were positive that he was 
unbaptized, and also said that he had lived for some 
years in this congregation with his father's brother. 
O, Good God what christians live in this country! 

It is necessary to make particular inquiry when 
persons of such an age ask for baptism, whether they 
have before been baptized or not, as a Roman Catholic 
immediately after my arrival brought his child, a half 
year old, to me for baptism, which I did, but learned 


afterwards that the child had been already baptized by a 
Catholic priest 

The same necessityexists here with regard to marriages 
A woman once came to me asking to wed her anew, or as 
it is termed here wed her over again with her husband, 
although she had been living with him for seven years. 
The reason for this was that they were married by a 
Catholic priest, and therefore the marriage was not so law- 
ful, but I dismissed her with a severe reprimand. 

The second Sunday after the 13th of Christmas the 
tablets were set up for the first time in the church at 
Christina. That on the north side of the altar for the new 
psalm books, and that on the south side tor the old or the 
late Bishop Swedberg's edition. At first the folk were 
much divided in opinion as to their usefulness, but only 
two or three Sundays had passed before all were very 
much pleased with them. 

On the 4th of March I began preaching on Christ^s 
pains and suflFerings, to be continued every week in lent, 
which it is said has never before been the custom. The 
Wednesdays were selected for that purpose, so that the 
preaching days might not come too near together, which 
might make the people more indolent. 

On the 2ist of March, after the close of the lenten 
sermon, those members of the congregation who were 
present came together tc collect money for me to buy a 
horse. This was done by a subscription, of which part 
was paid at once and the rest some time after. 

Now as the horse was to be for my use in the various 
errands and business for the church, they gave me the 
money to buy my own horse, with liberty to select and 
pay for him high or low, according to my own free will, 
without regard to the amount of the subscription however 
high or low it might be. 

The subscription was as follows: 


Christopher Springer, 

Marten Justice, 

Charles Springer, 

Henry Colesberg, 

Hans Petersson, 

Andrew Justice Mounson, 

Jesper Justice, 

Charles Springer, (Children) 

Timothy Stedham, 

Jonas Justice, 

Jonathan Stille, 

Cornelius Hindrickson, 

Andrew Tranberg, 

Wm. Anderson, 

Christian Brunberg, 

Joseph Springer, 

John Springer, 

Jonas Walraven, 

Justa Justice, 

Hans Smidt, 

Peter Peterson, 

William Tossa, 

Andrew Hindricks'-n, 

Rudolph Wolfsback, 

John Loinan, 

Lulof Peterson, 

Swen Justice, 

Morten Morten, 

Ingeber Seneca, 

Jacob Springer, 

Philip Vandever, 

Jonas Stedhamson, 

Andiew Loinan, 

Mouns Justice. 

John Vandevtr, 

John Springer Carlson, 

Lulof Stedham, 





























































Gustav Walraven, 050 

Peter Vandever, 076 

Jonas Stedham Lucason, 076 

Nils Justice, 05 o 

Moises White, 020 

Mistrice Classon, 076 

15 17 9 

Of these were never paid: 

Jesper Justice, 050 

John Springer Carlson, 050 

Rudolph Wolfsback, 050 

o 15 o 
Net. 15 2 9 

A. D. 1751. — On the i6th of April or 2nd day after 
Easter, the congregation met according to previous 
notice, and it was presented to them that as the summer 
was now coming on it was necessary to consider what 
work should now first be undertaken, of what was de- 
cided upon at the last meeting, whether to begin with 
the repairs on the church or with the building of the 
parsonage house, as there were different opinions. I 
was finally concluded unanimously, 

I. That the church should be repaired this summer 
where the repair was most necessary. That the north and 
west doors should be made new, and the whole church 
should be cleaned and white limed, and if the time and 
means would allow more, the sacristy should be built, 
but about this nothing further could be decided now, 
though this was in all respects proved to be needed. 

2nd. It was resolved immediately to begin with the 
building of the priest house, that I might be able soon 
to begin housekeeping. The expense of this not to be 
taken from the principal of the church or congregation, 



for the priest should yearly receive his salary, and the 
church should be kept up from the interest. 

Therefore it was decided that this building should be 
paid for by subscription, to which a part set down their 
names at once and a part afterwards. 


Philip Vandever, 
M^lrten Justice, 
Joseph Springer, 
Jonas Walraven, 
Jan Stalcop, 
Andrew Loinan, 
William Tossa, 
Jesper Justice, 
Nils Justice, 
Hans Siuidt, 
Carl Springer, 
Lulof Stedham, 
Andrew Tranberg, 
Jacob Stille, 
Cornelius Didricsson, 
John Smidt, 
Swen Walraven, 
Zachariah Didricsson, 
Justa Justice, 
Timotheus Stedham, 
Mins Justice, 
Lulof Pettersson, 
Hans Pettersson, 
Joseph Morten, 
Jonas Justice, 
John Loinan, 
Jacob Springer, 
Christopher Springer, 
Ingeber Senere, 
Walborg Classon, 

















































Peter Vandever, 




John Springersen, 




Peter Hindricsson, 




Henr>' Colesberg, 




Cornelius Heines, 




Justa Justice, Jr., 




Jonas Stedham, Jr. , 




William Von Neaman, 




Morten Morten, 




Swen Justice, 




John Vandever, 




Peter Petersson, 




Of those the following never paid. 

John Smidt, 
Lulof Peterson, 
Joseph Morten, 










12 ID O 

121 13 6 

N. B. Joseph Morten brought some scantling. 
N. B. William Derickson subscribed towards making the 
banisters in the priest's liouse, 2t£' 

Feb. 4th, 1758. = Andrew Tranbergand Henry Coles- 
berg took upon themselves to oversee and attend to the 
building, getting materials, stone, brick and lime, as 
also laborers, whereby the building soon progressed 

The week after Easter Studiosus Mr. Nils Forsberg 
began to keep school in Swedish in the house by the 
church belonging to Mr. Timothy Stedham, but children 
were few and only from the neighboring house, there- 


fore it seemed in the beginning that this school keeping 
could not last long. 

On the 4th of June which was the second day after 
Easter, in accordance with previous notice the trustees 
of the congregation and the vestry-men came together 
when the following business was presented and acted 

ist. As now a half year of my service is past and. I 
justly may demand a half year's pay, but during this 
half year have not been helped except that for the rent 
paid for my lodging in the house of the late Pastor 
Tranberg, and for the remainder of the year shall be 
without means. Therefore I asked that the church 
should bestow on me the whole year's salary previous 
to the 25th of last March, except the money that had 
been paid during the vacancy for the services of other 
priests which was agreed to unanimously. 

2nd. That as for the parsonage house now building, lime 
and scaflFolding have been bought, the church should be 
immediately whitelimed, first using the scaffolding etc. for 
it and so carry on both works in good order at the same 

3rd. Andrew Tranberg said that he was under the 
necessity of nullifying the contract which Timothy 
Stedham made with the two laborers. Darby Jordan and 
Martin Lawler when he was trustee, with regard to a 
piece of meadow belonging to the priest land which they 
agreed to improve, but neither of which had fulfilled his 
promise nor given any hope that it would be done in the 
future, nor can they agree betwixt themselves about the 

Therefore he had paid them ^£. lo shillings for what 

work they have done, and also had paid them and some 


other folk for setting the fence and putting the bank 
in order along the creek. 

It was now asked if the same piece of meadow should 
be let out anew to some one for improvement. 

I answered that it would be a great benefit to me if 
it was left in my hands henceforth, as I should not get 
any use of it for a long while if some strangers took it 
again. The vestry resolved that it should be so, and 
that the expense already incurred as well as what may 
be still necessary should be taken from the church chest. 

4th.' I stated that of the purse money which had 
been offered since my coming, I had appropriated i;^ 
19 shillings for binding the old psalm books, which be- 
fore lay thrown around in the church and otherwise 
would have been of no further use. When they are 
dealt out to their owners again in the church the price 
of binding, 3 shillings each, must be repaid by them. 

5th. It was determined that when the bier cloth 
shall be lent for burying strangers, 5 shillings shall be 
paid for each time. 

6th. The trustees gave in their accounts for 1749, 
which were proved and accepted and the bonds or obli- 
gations for the money lent out were looked over. 

7th. Andrew Tranberg purchased pew room on 
mens' and women's side in the corner pews, which are 
the first in the church, paying for both together 5;^ losh. 

July 20th. The foundation was laid for the house 
and when the division wall in the cellar was laid, I, 
with my own hands, laid the two bricks which lie in 
the inner cellar room by the west door post next over 
the lime band which is in line with the door silPs upper 

The 24th, 25th and 26th. The church was whitelimed 


for 60 sh., under the supervision of Timotheus Stedham 
and the sons of the present Churchwarden Lulof Sted- 
ham. The scaffolding used there was then taken to 
the priest house building. 

Extract of a letter from the Most High Worthy Father 
and Archbishop Herr Doctor Henric Benzelius and the 
venerable ecclesiastical consistory of Upsala brought 
over by Herr Magister Olof Parlin, as follows : 

As it is learned not only by written communication 
but also by printed works, that the Zinzendorfian distur- 
bance of the sect of tlie Hernhuters is more and more 
spreading in America, the conistory cannot refrain or 
miss the opportunity to exhort not only the Herr Pro- 
vost but the other Swedish priests not only to call on 
the Great God for Grace and support, but have a vigi- 
lant eye upon them and also warn their hearers and ex- 
hort them faithfully to remain steadfast in the whole- 
some teaching of God's word, which they have been • 
accustomed to hear from their former zealous and praise- 
worthy pastors and they themselves from their youth 
have been taught and received. 

Consistory will not in this connection omit to imform 
you concerning a certain well known missionary from 
Hernhut by the name of Arvid Gradin who for some 
time resided in Sweden; now since his actions haye 
been publicly and properly examined although a born 
Swede, he has by a stringest order of the King been 
banished and conducted beyond the limits of the King- 
dom by the proper officials and forbidden ever to come 
into the country again. Consistory considers this in- 
formation quite important as it is very probable that in 
his present unpleasant circumstances the said Gradin 
will direct his course to America, and disturb the Swedish 



Lutheran Church, there and perhaps under another name, 
such desceptions among that folk are not uncommon. 
Wherefore the Herr Provost with the help of all the 
other Priests will need to have a watchful eye over the 
flocks, that the enemy may not sow tares, as he through 
Gradin's residence here very industriously did. Com- 
mending both teachers and hearers to God's gracious 
protection in purity of doctrine and undefiled christian 

We remain, 

The Honorworthy Herr Provost's 

Most Willing and Ready Servants, 

Henric Benzeuus. 
Olof Celsius, M atthias Asp, 

Engelbrecht Hallenius, Gabriel Matthesius, 

Laur. Benzelstierna. Laur Norin. 

The priesthouse was now so far advanced that the 
walls were up and the roof on, but money was lacking 
to pay the mason and the laborers, and also to pay for 
the lime, scantling and the remaining work. There- 
fore it was necessary to remind the congregation of each 
one's duty to carry on the work, and to announce that 
they who now neglect to come forward and do their 
part shall not hereafter be acknowledged members of 
the congregation when a list thereof shall be made out. 

Experience had taught me that it was useless to call 
them to a general meeting, for few would come, 
especially when it was a question of raising money. So 
I found it best both at this time and afterwards to avail 
myself of some Sunday when I saw that there was a 
full congregation, to request that all should remain in 
their seats, so that the women folk, who in many houses 


rule more than the men, might have opportunity to 
hear what was presented, and thereafter for their part 
both agree and direct for the best, and also to show to 
the Swedish wives of English husbands that they 
must hereafter do their duty if they expect to remain 
members of the congregation. 

In pursuance of this on the 7th of October, which 
was the 17th Sunday after Trinity, I spoke to the con- 
gregation as follows : 

ist That money was needed immediately to continue 
the work on the Priest-house, That those who had 
already subscribed should now pay the money, and that 
they who have not yet either subscribed nor paid any- 
thing should not hold back so. Every one promised well 
and the money flowed in tolerably thereafter. 

2d. Now as I had already held Divine service twice 
in English and proposed to continue and have it every 
fourth Sunday, therefore, because some of the church 
had expressed dissatisfaction therewith, part for fear 
that the Swedes would be crowded out of their seats by 
strangers, and part for the apprehension that in the end 
the strangers would increase in the concerns of the 
church, I consulted the congregation about it and there 
were none who had anything against it, though none of 
them believed that the strange folk would crowd the 


church every fourth Sunday. 

I also put them in mind to help me for my horse's 
keeping over winter, and a part of them immediately 
after sent me com, maize, buckwheat and oats, there- 
for. On the 13 of November the vestrymen of the 
congregation met for the transaction of the following 

ist. It was asked if a new vestryman should be chosen 


in the place of Philip Vandever lately deceased, or if 
the number should remain at six. After some consulta- 
tion it was resolved that as now for the most part, 
several on account of sickness and other hindrances 
were absent from the meetings, it was best to increase 
the number to ten, and so the vestrymen from hence- 
forth are Timothy Stedham, Christopher Springer, 
Mouns Justice, Carl Springer, Morton Justice, Jonas 
Walraven, Hans Peterson, Peter Hindricsson, Olof 
Tossa, and Peter Stedham. 

2nd. John Springer resigned the churchwardenship 
and Gustaf Peterson was chosen in his stead. 

3rd. Regarding the burial of strangers in the church- 
yard, the enquiry was made if it should be allowed as 
heretofore in Pastor Eneberg's time. By unanimous 
resolution it had been refused as may be seen recorded 
in the church book. Afterwards in pastor Tranberg's 
time it was allowed but no record thereof was made in 
the church book. It was answered that hereafter it shall 
be admissible, for those of the English Church with 
the proviso that for each burial there shall be paid to 
the church 6 shillings, and to the sexton 2 shillings 
6 pence, for a child under one year old, and for a year 
old and upwards 12 shillings to the church, and 5 
shillings to the sexton. 

Timothy Stedham took upon himself to formulate 
regulations which provided that whoever wished a 
burial should first notify him, and he should then show 
the application to the priest that he may record the 
name of the deceased in the church book, and give an 
order to the sexton for the burial. If the money is not 
willingly paid it shall be the churchwardens' business to 
obtain a note or obligation and require its payment. 


4th. As I have lived in the house of Hans Smidt, or 
that part of the house which he left to his son, and am 
to stay until I can remove into the new house, and as 
Mrs. Anna Smidt on account of her circumstances now 
asks for money, she should have pay for the time already 
past at 8;^ a year, and afterwards for what shall remain 
when I remove. 

5th. What must be done on account of the slow pay- 
ment of the subscription for the parsonage-house and 
the consequent hindrance of the work ? It was resolved 
to take from the principal so much as may be required 
to hasten on the work. 

6th. It was decided that no one is allowed to cut wood 
on the church land for any purpose whatsoever without 
a written order of Hans Peterson, who is appointed to 
oversee the wood land so that he may know who are 
directed, and for what purpose to cut, as also see that 
no trees may be sold at disadvantage. 

On the 27th of December a general parish meeting 
was held, and the following matters were brought 
forward and decided upon. 

ist. That as a meadow was very necessary for me, 
and there was no other to be had except a piece belong- 
ing to the church and lying alongside the church-yard, 
which from the time of the purchase from the Stalcop 
family has been used by the inhabitants of Rocksen, 
that piece might be now given to me for my use. 
Timothy Stedham who always especially interested 
himself in my welfare, had told me of this place, and 
showed me the boundaries all around it. But as the 
boundary was somewhat uncertain on Peter Peterson's 
side, who at that time dwelt on Roxen, it was decided 
to set a day when I, Timothy Stedham and the Church- 


wardens on one side, with Peter Peterson and others 
whom he should authorize on the other, should meet 
there and agree upon the line as established already by 
the deeds and charts. 

2nd. Peter Peterson said that hereafter he would not 
without compensation allow any church path over his 
land, which had been heretofore used by those coming 
from the west side of the town, and by those coming 
over Christina creek, because he had received no com- 
pensation therefor. 

He now demanded therefor seats for himself and wife 
in the church, and though Peter could at most only ask 
it for his lifetime, yet to content him he was given a 
seat in a long pew in the first quarter on the men's side, 
and seats in a long pew in the upper quarter for his wife 
and children for perpetual time. 

3rd. After the death of Goldsmith Folwell, Lulof 
Stedham was elected clerk of the church's estate, and 
Jesper Justice was chosen Churchwarden in his place. 

4th. In place of Peter Peterson, Nils Forsberg was 
chosen sexton. 

5th. Lulof Stedham's account as Churchwarden was 
examined and approved. 

6th. John Springer also presented his, but as it was 
somewhat more extensive and was found not to be 
entirely correct, a certain day should be set when said 
account should be examined and proved in the presence 
of myself and Andrew Tranberg, and then left with 
his successor, Lulof Peterson. 

7th. It was resolved that the churchwardens and 
trustees should render their accounts at the end of each 
year to a parish meeting to be holden in the month of 


8th. I exhibited my account of the. purse offeryigs 
for the past year which was approved, and there was 
enough taken there-from to purchase a new mass sur- 
plice which should be used for the first time at New 
Years, after the garment had for many years been disused 
in the church at Christina through the clergyman's own 

9th. From love to God's house and beautifying God's 
services, Timothy Stedham gave a white altar cover 
because the former one was altogether abominable . 

loth. It was decided that the seats in the church 
should be numbered nnd a list be mac^e of them with 
names of those who rightly possess them. 

At the end of this year certain authorized persons 
came to me from St. James' Church desiring meto hold 
Divine service in their church once a month, sometimes 
on Sunday and sometimes on a week day, which I 
promised to do if Christina church will assent to it. 
And as the congregation have agreed to it there will be 
henceforth Divine service with sermon on the last Sun- 
day of each month or on the Saturday preceding. 

A. D., 1751. — After the vestrymen in behalf of the 
congregation had given up to me the two meadow lots 
belonging to the church and the piece of church pas- 
ture named on page 15, I had the meadow grass taken 
out and had it sown with clover, timothy, and ditched, 
as also the enclosed pasture field by the church, 
and made an agreement with Peter Peterson on Rok- 
sen, that in consideration that he should be freed from 
putting up his share of fence next to his plow land and 
should only be held for his half of the fence next to his 
marsh, he should give the watering place which was 
enclosed by his line, for the use of the church pasture 


lot, and allow a ditch to be dug up from the Christina 
creek that the tide water might fill the well. 

Furthermore it is his duty to throw up a ditch under 
the whole fence of the meadow which I and he hold, to 
keep the sheep from his meadow, while I throw up a 
dyke under all of the other part of the fence to keep his 
sheep out of my pasture. 

For this fencing of the pasture land and the improve- 
ment of the marsh, I have received from the trustees, 
Mr. Henry Colesburg aud Andrew Tranberg 15;^, and 
what more was needed I have taken from my own 
money as the accounts will show. 

The folk up the country had learned that I have held 
Divine service at St. James' Church once a month and 
that the members of that congregation were very much 
pleased with my so little service. Therefore there came 
to me messengers from Malborougn and Folk's Manor 
asking me also to hold service in those two churches once 
each month, and not withstanding I felt that the low 
state of religion in my own church gave me plenty to 
do at home, yet, after I had made several visits to these 
churches and seen how that they had stood desolate for 
over four years and had ten or twelve children to baptize 
each time, even up to eleven years of age, and heard the 
poor folk's request and desire to have Divine services, 
I consented to their request with the understanding that 
I should preach once every other month in each of their 
churches, leaving it to them to determine which church 
should be visited first as they were accustomed to attend 
each other's churches calculating so that I could hold ser- 
vice on Sunday in one or the other of these churches 
once a month, and at St. James' the alternate month, and 
also shifting the Saturday services in the same manner 


SO that the one that did not have service on Sunday 
should have it the preceding Saturday and so take both 
places on the same journey. 

October 21st. The church vestry met, and 

ist. It was agreed that a list should be made of all 
who belong to the congregation with their household 
that they thereby may the stronger be bound to their 
duty toward the support of the church, and as a means 
whereby those whose conduct shall require it, may be 
disciplined and corrected. 

2nd. The parsonage building was examined and found 
satisfactory to all, and I reminded them of certain things 
needful, as the baking and cooking conveniences needed 
improvement, laying stone around the house to keep 
the water out of the cellar, private house, and fencing 
the garden, etc., etc. which they promised should be 
undertaken immediately. 

3d. It was established for law that hereafter such a 
meeting should be held yearly, composed of Trustees, 
Vestrymen and Churchwardens, whose clerk, Lulof 
Stedham, should be ordered to look over the accounts 
and see that they are correct before they are subscribed. 

On the 7th of November, I removed into the new 
priest-house and although there was much still undone 
I made myself in the meantime as comfortable as I 

A. D. 1752. — On the 27th of January there was a 
meeting of the vestry, and 

I St. We looked over, proved, and through the clerk 
Lulof Stedham confirmed the yearly accounts. 

2d. Appointed Morton Mortonsson sexton . 

3d. In place of Jonas Walraven deceased, Justa Jus- 
tice, Sen. , was chosen, and in case he will not accept, 
his son. Nils Justice, shall have the oflEice. 


4th. On my representation it was resolved that when 
a funeral sermon is preached, the body shall first be 
buried and then the sermon preached, in order that the 
corpse may not be carried into the church and stand 
there through Divine service, and thereby work scandal, 
in part for the simple who from this ceremony come to 
think they are nearer salvation if first brought into the 
church . before being buried, and partly for some who 
will say of malice that the custom is Romish, whence it 
has come to pass that this ceremony of carrying the 
corpse in and out of the church and standing on the 
bier before the pulpit during Divine service, is entirely 
discontinued in Sweden and is forbidden by the King's 

It was also added that certain of the elders of the 
church should have an oversight of burials that they 
proceed in good order whether at home or at the church, 
to appoint certain bearers to lift the bier, and one range 
with another, or more will run thereto than are needed 
and push one another as heretofore has mostly been the 
case. Also, that no rum drinking be allowed on the way, 
much less by the church wall, as has been deplorably 

In the month of February I began to hear the cate- 
chism in this wise. The congregation in rotation ac- 
cording to their seats, and then explained the leading 
christian doctrines, putting questions sometimes gener- 
ally that any might answer who were disposed, that no 
one and especially the young might be discouraged. 

The youth were examined in Swedish so far as prac- 
ticable, and all were encouraged and exhorted to stick 
to their native speech with strong determination. Those 
who could not express themselves in Swedish had liberty 
to read in English. 


At first very few came together, then the number in- 
creased more and more. I also made a list of all who 
by right belonged to the church, whether they under- 
stood Swedish or English and have the right to go to 
the Lord's Supper henceforth. 

In accordance with notice previously g^ven, there was 
a general parish meeting on Midsummer's day, when 
the arrangement of the seats in tjie church was made ac- 
cording to the old seat list made at the building of the 
church and its consecration, inquiry was made for the heirs 
who havea right to their forefathers' seats, and the families 
who have gained rights through exchange or purchase 
which are recorded. 

But as few were present and some discrepancies ap- 
peared, we postponed this business till the remainder of 
the year should be passed. 

On the 17th of September a parish meeting was again 
held. The pastor presented to the meeting two questions: 

ist. If they who now possess the dwellingswhere others 
not a kin formerly lived, and had helped build the 
church, now merely on account of possession have a 
right to seats in the church. There were various opin- 
ions expressed. The case was decided by a vote, that 
he who could not show that he had purchased the right 
to the seat as well as to his homestead, could not claim 
the seat. 

2nd. How they ought to be considered who though 
truly heirs of the seats as well as the homestead but 
seldom or never go to church, or never help towards the 
general expenses of the congregation. 

This question the meeting concluded to consider 
at some other time. The pew list was further 
examined and written anew, but final action was deferred 


to another time. The design is to wait till the church 
repairing comes on when we shall see if they are as un- 
willing to help as they have already been with building 
the priest house. 

The pastor represented to the congregation how un- 
justly it went in the payment of his salary, and how the 
trustees keep the affairs of the estate of the church in 
darkness, that nobody knows in the congregation, or the 
priest, what the two parts of the churches income amount 
to which are appropriated for the payment of the salary 
of the priest. 

That as no security or caution are given for the 
money of the church loaned out, it does not appear how 
one sum after another is lost by those who become bank- 
rupt, and how both rents and interest are so in arrears 
that the trustees now say they cannot hardly pay half 
what belongs to the priest, and also the pastor can never 
get any of hissalar>' without endless begging and nag- 
ging the trustees, when they finally pay him at their 
pleasure, without showing him how much was rightly 
due him; wherefore the pastor would have them under- 
stand that he now was tired of any longer standing 
under the trustees grace; that as he serves the congrega- 
tion he will hold the church responsible for his salary, 
and get it from them, and made the following demand 
on the congregation which was consented to in the fol- 
lowing manner: 

ist. That the list of bonds for the money lent out by 
the church which was given up on the ist of May,i750y 
and afterwards taken away, must again be brought for- 
ward. Mr. Henry Colesberg said that he had a copy of 
the list which he would bring forward. 

2nd. That the church chest should be carried to the 


priest house and stand on the lower floor, for fear of 
fire. This w^ agreed to. 

N. B. — Hitherto the chest had stood on the upper 
stairs in Mr. Tranberg's house. 

3d. That all bonds or obligations should permanently 
remain in the church chest and not be carried around 
the country, some held by Mr. Tranberg on one side of 
the creek and others by Mr. Colesberg on the other side. 
It was also agreed and ordered that the key which here- 
tofore had been in the keeping of Mr. Colesberg, should 
henceforth remain in the hands of the pastor, and also 
that an inventory should be taken of the contents of the 
chest that nobody could say that anything had been lost 
after the chest came into the priest house 

4th. That full security must be obtained for the 
money loaned by the church. It was resolved that there 
ought to be a judgment bond with two responsible men 
as indorsers or a mortgage of land, and that the bonds 
must be renewed next March 25th. 

5th. That as far as possible the principal for land sold 
and money lent must be examined into every year, and 
also all other accounts, agreed to. 

6th. That all yearly accounts must stand in regular 
form beginning with the 25th of March and ending with 
it. With yearly list of bonds with interest thereon and in- 
terest paid, as also what interest remains unpaid at the 
end of the year. What rents have been collected and 
what stand back with statement of all rents, and yet 
more, a division betwixt the pastor and the church of 
what had come in as well as of that which is back, &c., 
which was all agreed to. 

A. D. 1753. — Parish meeting 12th June, or 3d day of 



Now was the church's chest removed into the parson- 
age, according to the resolve of the past year, the key 
given to the priest by Henry Colesberg, and an inventory 
made by the provost and trustees of all papers contained 
in|the chest. A full list of leases for rented lots could 
not yet be made out, because the trustees themselves 
did not know the real owners of all. When a great many 
df the lots were first rented, only strangers who took the 
lots were bound to build thereon within three years, or 
forfeit them, which condition was made in order that 
the rent might be secure. But those who belonged to 
the congregation and bought lots to set their children 
upon were exempted from this obligation. The result 
of this was that those who had the lots free were able to 
sell them at a very great profit, and immediately sold 
them to strangers who again sold them to others with- 
out informing the trustees to whom they had sold them, 
consequently they do not know who are the present 
owners, and cannot collect the rents ou the lots. 

The accounts for the building of the priest house 
were finally given in, about which there was no ques- 
tioning except a charge made by the trustees of ^^20 for 
their trouble, but Mr. Tranberg asserted that he had 
given many things which had not been brought into 
the account. Therefore the half of the overcharge was 
allowed, viz. ;^io, and then the account was subscribed 
and acknowledged correct. 

Also the accounts of the trustees from the 20th June, 
1750, to December 5th, 1751, and from March 25th, 
1752, to March 24th, 1753, were examined, when it 
appeared that the trustees had charged 10 per cent, for 
their services, which the estate would not bear, receiv- 
ing only 6 per cent, interest. But Mr. Tranberg answered 
that this was for four years service and did not amount to 


three pounds a year, whereas heretofore the trustees had 
been given by the congregation sometimes a seat, and 
sometimes a lot for their services. It was finally agreed 
that both trustees together should have eighteen pounds 
for the four years, but for the future the pay of the 
trustees must be more moderate than in the past, as it 
is hoped that their labors will be less onerous. 

Mr. Tranberg presented a list of obligations or bonds 
held at the present time, amounting to 659;^, i6s. , 2d., of 
which at least 35^^ werfe very doubtful and probably noth- 
ing will be gotten on them. The list which was shown in 
1750 Mr. Tranberg had lost. Mr. Colesberg had prom- 
ised to present a similar list, but when the time came 
there was no list, wherefore it follows that the trustees 
since the month of May, 1750, have had the funds of the 
church so betwixt them that no one could know the 
amount and hardly have they themselves known, al- 
though they have received and paid out money, taken 
up bonds, and lent out in large and small sums. But 
the congregation have been satisfied with Mr. Tranberg' s 
word that the amount of the bonds in 1750 was 912^^, 
wheJeas this last is decreased to 695^^16 s. , 2d. But when 
one goes further back to May, 1745, when the lots were 
beginning to sell, and looks at the account which Gold- 
smith Folwell made, he finds that the sum was 1187^^, 
IS., 8d. 

We collected together all the receipts in the church 

chest and from the secret places of Henry Colesberg and 

Timothy Stedham, which they willingly opened to us, 

and also noted here and there a mistake in the accounts 

of Goldsmith, but could come no nearer than that i2o£ 

was lacking, and was sunk up to this time, for we could 

not find that anything had been used from the original 


but 50;^ for Goldsmith's salary and payment for the side 
arches for the church, (/z) 

It was now seen how unbusinesslike it had been to 
have no regular account kept up to 1749, nor any in- 
ventory given from one trustee to another, but it had 
all been groping in the dark. 

They had confided in the Quaker Folwell unhesita- 
tingly and not heeded the admonitions and urging of 
the provost for an investigation of the business. But 
now we could proceed no further because Goldsmith and 
Timothy Stedham were dead durinji^ whose time the 
losses occurred, or at least the faults were turned on to 
them. For the future the management must be put on a 
better footing:. 

In the meantime as the trustees brought the church 
in debt to them in their yearly reckoning, and again the 
trustees were indebted to the church by the exchange 
of the bonds. 

Then Mr. Tranberg presented a list of rented lots 
still belonging to the church with back rents thereon 
kept in a method and order right praiseworthy. He had 
also in his last accounts for the year 1752, plainly set 
down the interest and ground rent income which he 
promised to do in future, and to record the yearly settle- 
ments in a book. 

Mr. Tranberg's services in the management of the 
business of the congregation were considered to be 
indispensible, and he expressed willingness to continue 
them. Mr. Henry Colesberg asked to be released from 
his oflSce, and as none of those present were willing to 
take his place the vestry desired the provost to act as 

(a)The8e arches were built in 1740 and therefore not paid for from this 
money. A setUement and liquidation shall be deferred until another op- 


th€ Other trustee. Btit the provost represented to them 
that no one should be chosen who was not bom i» the 
congregation, and is the owner of as much unencum- 
bered property as will answer to the estate eonfided to 
him by the congregation. The provost, however, oflFered 
to be assistant trustee and consult with the trustees in 
all business matters of the church and oversee the 
accounts, whereupon Henry Colesberg promised to serve 
in the business till next March, 

The bonds were compared with the list presented. A 
part of them had already been changed to judgment 
bonds, and efforts should be made to bring the others to 
the same form, while the small sums should be called in 
or increased to the sum 25^^. Meantime they were all 
laid in the chest for safe keeping. 

The church roof was found very much decayed and 
the repairing first began with that. The §outh side 
needing repair, the carpenter Joseph Loinan undertook 
the work at a cheaper price than any other man could 
be found willing to do it. He agreed that the work 
altogether should not come to more than ^£^ which was 
an unusually good bargain, provided the work should 
be well done. But the laborers that he hired to work 
with himself laid the shingles crookedly, and made the 
roof in bends so that the work will not be durable as 
time will show. The cost of the repairs on the south 
roof amounted to 16;^, 12 shillings, 10 pence, as the 
annexed amount will show. 

Mr. Adolph Benzel of New Port, presented to the 
church this year a pewter bowl to be used for baptism, 
and promised also to give a saucer for it, but as nothing 
more was heard of it one was bought with money from 
the chest, as also a pedestal for it to stand upon. 

Likewise a time glass for the pulpit was given by Mr. 


Peter Degner who had brought it with him from 
Sweden, and the church paid for a case for it and the 
painting thereof. 

Since the church was built in 1699, ^^^ pews have 
been looked over and the seats regulated, but no writ- 
ten list has been kept, and by the setting off of the 
church at Penn's Neck and removal of many families 
from the congregation, there is uncertainty about the 
present ownership, therefore a meeting was held on 
Midsummer' sday 1752, and afterward from time to time 
the pewlist was adjusted, and here under inserted, signed 
and established, (a) 

Be it known to all, that I Peter Peterson formerly a 
member of Christina church give hereby Zacharias 
Dericsson right to keep for himself and his heirs that 
pew room which I own in Christina in the 2nd quarter 
No. 14, men's side from my father Peter Petersson Can- 

For the further confirmation of this I have set under 
my name and by mark. 

Wilmington, March 5th 1753. 
For Witness, Israel Acrelius. 


Peter P Petersson. 

A. D. 1754. 
An account of bonds belonging to Christina Church, March 

26, 1753. 

£. s. d. 

Andrew Tranberg, 100 o o 

Edward Tatnall, 90 00 

David Bush, 45 o q 

Joseph Folwell. 40 00 

Joshua Little, 35 00 

Rev. Eric Unander, 30 00 

(a). The list is omitted. 


William Clark, 
John McKindley, 
John Vandever, 
Henry Colesberg, 
William West, 
George Crow, 
James Robeson, 
John Welch, 
Henry Anderson, 
John Stappler, 
Robert Pierce, 
Griffith Minshal, 
William Kirkpatrick, 
Samuel Miller, 
Hance Smidt, 
William Cunningham, 
Benjamin Hough, 
Cornelius Petersson, 
Thomas Ja Quett, 
Jacobus Heins, 
Samuel Floyd, 

£6s9 16 2 
The trustees met with the provost on the 14th of 
January, agreeably to a former conclusion of the vestry, 
to make examination and find if their bonds were in 
right hands. It was already known that William West 
who was indebted 2^£ had become insolvent in the. last 
year and could not pay more than 7s 6d on the pound. 
Benjamin Hough had some years since been given 
a letter of license allowing the payment of his lO;^ in 
ten years. Mr. Colesburg said that though he had been 
riding about for . a whole week he could not collect the 
out standing interest. 

The provost replied that he was the sole cause of so 
much trouble because he had let out the money of the 




































8 • 







church in such small sums and into such bad hands and 
on such doubtful ground, that we soon lose by one 
and another what added together made a great amount, 
and besides Mr. Colesberg had let out church money to 
to many on his side of the Christinathat nobody knew but 
himself. How were they to be found in case Colesberg 
should die suddenly or be taken down with a protrac- 
ed sickness when one after another may run away or be- 
come worthless. 

[Then two pages are lost and the next begins thus:] 
and afterwards divided with them as he pleases. The 
promise is good. 

The 30th of April the Provost and Mr. Tranberg ex- 
amined all the leases or rent contracts for the church 
lands which were in the church chest, and found that 
the greatest part of them were of the tenor or condition 
that a reasonably good house should be biiilt thereon 
within a certain time and otherwise the lots should 
revert to the congregation and inasmuch as the set 
time was long past and so many have not fulfilled their 
contract the provost proposed to take back all such 
lots in the following manner, viz. : that the lots which 
may be thought necessary and useful for the provost at 
the parsonage should be retaken and so used. 

The priest may also when be has fenced them at his 
own expense, let them out yearly as he finds best 

As to the others they concluded by a public advertise- 
ment in the newspapers to notiiy those whose lots had 
reverted that if they would keep them they must pre- 
sent themselves before the end of this year and takeout 
new leases which will! give greater security to the 
church, as to the ground and rent, and if any do 
not wish to take out uffm leases, they must bring the 
(dd ones and pay all back teat theceoiiy and be freed 


from further animadversion. Those who have leases on 
lots whereon no building is required should also pay in 
their rents or be sued therefor. 

On the 4th Sunday after Easter, May 12th, a meeting 
of clergy was held at Christina, when there were present. 
Mr. Senior, minister of the German Lutherans; Herr 
Henric Muhlenberg, Herr Matthias Heinzelman, pastor 
extraordinary of the German Church in Philadelphia; 
the pastor in Wicacoe, Magister Olof Parlin ; pastor in 
Racoon and Pensneck, Herr Eric Unander, but Herr 
John Abraham Lidenius preacher extraordinary in our 
communion was not present, but remained at home up 
at Manathanim, although he was given notice of our 
meeting in good time and this was the sixth time in suc- 
cession^ that he had been absent from our yearly meet- 

We received the Lord's Supper together on Sunday. 

On Monday the Germans held Divine service for the 
German people who lived in the vicinity and admin- 
istered the Lord's Supper. The remainder of our meet- 
ing was spent in conversation on various matters of con- 
science which often come up in all our congi:egations. 

The vestry were called together on the 27th of August 
and the 9th of October to consult about ^oing forward 
with the improvements of the church, and making regu- 
lations for lots of the church in Wilmington and the 
back rents thereon. Also, to settle with the former 
trustees whose accounts had never been closed and 
balanced for twenty years, but very few came together 
these two times and little or nothing was done. 

A. D. 1755. — In accordance with previous notice the 
vestry met to look into various matters of earlier and 
later time and all came promptly together and the fol- 
lowing business was brought forward. 


ist. Churchwarden William Von Neeman presented 
his account for the past year with a balance of 3;^. i6 
shillings, 8 pence in favor of the church which was 
approved. Likewise Jesper Justice gave in his account 
of what he had received since he had been Churchwar- 
den and amounts to %£. 6 shillings. Also Hans Peters- 
son for lumber sold off from the wood lot ii shillings, 
II pence. Church money on hand 8;^. i6 shillings 
5 pence. 

2nd. Took up Lucas Stedham's account which had 
at various times been undertaken, to now bring it to a 
finish. Both his sons were present, Peter and Jonas, 
the latter administrator on his father's estate. The 
balance was 13;^ i shilling, 10 pence. Timothy Sted- 
ham said he had received (i£ of Lucas as balance on 
settlement seven or eight years ago and yet no settle- 
ment could be shown, nor any discharge on the side of 
Lucas Stedham, and the trustees for the following years 
were answerable for the (i£ if they had been lost. A mis- 
take of 5;^ was also corrected so that the balance was 
only 2£ I shilling; 10 pence which Churchwarden Jo- 
seph Springer took. 

3rd. There was further consideration of the account, 
of Timothy Stedham and Henry Colesburg for the time 
they were together trustees and sold the lots of the church 
in Wilmington, and ought now to make payment of all 
money taken for them that the books holden by them 
show to be due. The balance against them according 
to the account drawn up by the Provost was ']\£ i 
pence. Anders Tranberg, Nils Justice, William Von 
Neeman, Peter Stedham and Jonas Stedham were 
appointed to examine and find how far they were 
indebted for that amount. 

And first they should examine the books of Goldsmith 


Folwell and see what money was received by him. 

Then deduct 16;^ Sshillings, and 3;^ 6 shillings, 8 pence 

which these the trustees said was a gift to them and stood 
for lots sold to them of which there was no knowledge 

but that they said so, and moreover it was found that 
the clerk had charged to them in the book a greater 
sum than the deeds show had been paid, also that the 
back rents in some places were charged to the purchase 
money which presumably was taken out of the yearly 
reckoning. This taken all together made 2y)£ 2 shill- 
ings, 2 pence. Then came other conjectures from •]£ 
paid to Goldsmith, and that lO;^ was promised Timothy 
Stedham for salary for two years which no one else knew 
anything about, yet we left this for further consideration 
by the vestry which could not finish now as they had 
sat already two days on this business. 

4th. It was decided at this meeting that vacant lots on 
the hill may be sold as opportunity occurs, and the lots 
around the priest house taken back last year should be 
resold. Also it was thought best that the square around 
the Quaker's meeting house which has heretofore lain 
open, should be fenced in and used by the provost in 
whatever way may seem best. 

5th. In accordance with the suggestion of Henry 
Colesberg, it was thought best that the sexton dig the 
graves for the bodies of the people of the congregation 
the same as for sti angers, and have oversight of the 
burials, as often there is great disorder at burials when 
the sexton is not present, and that he have for his trouble 
whether it be greater or less, 3 shillings for these of the 
congregation, and for strangers 5 shillings for adults, 
and 2 shillings 6d. for children, and to this all consented, 
as also William Von Neeman the present sexton. 

Correspondence with the English Missionary Mr. 
Thomas Thomsson at Chester. 


Chester, February 15, 1755. 
Rev. Sir: 

I respect you as a brother cleryman, but more as a 
gentleman of honour, and desire the favour of you not 
to officiate at Hook, which is no part of your charge. 

The Archbishop of Upsal won't take it well that his 

Dean here encroaches on the province of a church of 
England Missionary. 

I am 

Your affectionate brother, 

To the Rev. Mr. Acrelius. and most humble servant, 

Thomas Thomson. 
a This correspondence is in English and literally copied. 

Wilmington, 25TH. of Feb., 1755. 
Dear Sir : 

By ye letter I learn that you have made some reflec- 
tion upon my character. At first you were pleased to 
honour me with a fine compliment, and at last with a 
stroke of correction. I take it no worse than a mark 
of brotherly affection, however it might have been bet- 
ter if some proper enquiry had been made in the matter 
before you charged me with the character of a trouble- 
some neighbour. I know it to be not only a part, but of 
my charge also a particular duty to preach the Gospel, 
to visit the afflicted, to instruct and baptize old and young, 
whenever called upon wherever relief is not else to be 
had and without delay of any and ordinary business 
in the congregation where I am settled. I know it to be 
not only duty of me but also of every minister of the 
Church of Christ. 

The good people at Marcus Hook hath very earnestly 
pressed upon me these several years in their behalf, since 
they have appeared desolate and abandoned, I have been 


very loth to meddle with them, considering their great 
misunderstanding with you their proper minisi-er, and 
of late have entered into no farther engagement with 
them than what should be agreeable to you and conven- 
ient to me. I have suffered some hardships indeed on 
that account and received not a morsel of advantage. 
To the fair promises made, I have given no reflection at 
all, being to well acquainted with the subscriptions of 
this country. 

If you, Reverend Sir, don't think it. beyond your 
charge to bestow the same labor upon ye hearers once 
in a month, on a week day to give them a sermon and 
catechise their children, which they have desired from 
me and which you can do with more ease and less envy, 
no doubt you will receive the reward promised and wel- 
come. I suppose this is the encroachment you mean, 
and when thus removed, if there be anything else, do 
be kind enough to tell it and we shall also soon see the 
mending of that. Indeed, my respected friend and 
brother, you have as good a right to pass ye censure 
upon me as any man in these parts. But being on an 
equal footing with you, do consider that it is as unbe- 
coming to you to signify upon what terms I shall stand 
or fall before my Archbishop of Upsala, as it would be 
to me to give you some hints how far the Lord Bishop 
of London hath more or less reason to examine and ap- 
prove of the particulars of your conduct 

I am, Reverend Sir, 

Your Affectionate Brother 

and Most Obedient Servant, 

Israel AcREtros. 

To the Rev. Mr. Thomson. 


Letter from the Rev. John Ross, the Episcopal 

Clergyman in Philadelphia. 

Reverend Sir : 

I am extremely concerned at the unhappy diflFerences 
now existing between Mr. Thomson of Chester, and his 
people; when or how a reconciliation will be brought 
about, God only knows, but no prospect of that at 
present appears to me. I have seen his letter to you, 
complaining of your encroaching (as he calls it,) on his 
province, witl^ your elegant answer, I have heard the 
complaint of some very sober, sensible people of Chi- 
chester who are distressed with the thoughts of your 
forsaking them, and on the whole have reflected that we 
have little reason to expect cordial meeting between Mr. 
Thomson and that people. And for want of a pious 
gentleman to officiate and perform Divine service occa- 
sionally, the people will scatter and dwindle away, and 
the cause of the church suffer. I cannot but think it 
advisable to request your favor to visit this people at 
the times you lately have done, to perform Divine service 
among them, more especially as the church at Chichester 
is not particularly annexed to the mission of Chester, 
but is at the pleasure of the Missionary to attend it or 


Excuse this trouble from 

Rev. Sir, your most affiectionate 

Humble Servant, 
Chester, February 28th, 1755. John Ross. 

To the Rev. Mr. Israel Acrelius. 

Chester, March, 1755. 
To the Reverend Mr. Acrelius, 
Dean of the Swede Churches in 
Pennsylvania, at Wilmington. 
Reverend Sir: 

Your favor of February 25, 1755, confirmed me in my 


opinionfof your good judgment and upright heart. 
Dear Friend and Brother, if my calling your duty of a 
minister of the church of Christ at Marcus Hook, an 
encroachment, and my mentioning the Archbishop of 
Upsala as a venerable prelate that would not approve 
of his clergy's making encroachments on the province 
of other clergymen of the same church of Christ, if 
this, I say, gives you offence, and appears to you 
unbecoming, I humbly beg your pardon, for I meant no 
evil, nor do I expect any more advantage than you have 

I am. Reverend Sir, 

Your sincerely affectionate brother 

and most obedient servant. 

To the Rev. Israel Acrelius. Thomas Thomson. 

The 15th of October, the vestry met and the accounts 
of Timothy Stedham and Henry Colesberg, the old 
trustees, were taken in hand to make a final settlement. 
There yet stood against them a balance of £7jS 2s. 5d. 
at the last revision. The trustees had nothing to appeal 
to but their honor, murmured against the provost 
bitterly and thought they were treated badly and threat- 
ened to withdraw from the church, and so on, but 
wished by all means to have the matter ended. Those 
who were appointed arbitrators did not know how to 
adjust the case and make them free from such evident 
indebtedness as was against them. The elders of the 
church were also at a loss what to say thereon, and what 
was worse neither of them had intelligence enough to 
judge the case. Neither the old trustees nor any other 
in the whole congregation understood the real contents 
of the accounts, except the Provost and Mr. Andrew 


Tranberg; but, finally, a settlement must be reached. 
The arbitrators again took the accounts in hand, 
through fabrication and various devices brought the 
balance down to three pounds, whereof Timothy Sted- 
ham should pay one and Colesburg two pounds, on which 
they received a discharge from the vestry for all their 
administration until this day; which discharge the 
provost yet had not the conscience to subscribe because 
thereby the estate suffered great wrong, yet said nothing 
either for or against it because he had done his dut>% 
but the foolish folk neither understood or would under- 
stand their own damage, neither did the provost wish 
any more censure about the matter. 

When three years of the service of the provost were 
past, he experienced various anxieties and disturbances 
within the congregation, partly on account of the dis- 
orderly condition of the church accounts and manage- 
ment of the property by the trustees, and partly because 
of some contrary and censorious members of the church 
who were excited by other perverse persons; even Swedes, 
gave out the report that the provost stood in danger of 
having an accusation against him sent to Sweden, 
because he had preached English once a mouth and at 
times in strange places. And as the provost heard of 
this while his health was quite poor from a long fever, 
which afflicted him each year, and now in the third year 
he let his disfavorers understand that he would relieve 
them of their burden by shortly leaving his place open 
foi them to procure a successor who perhaps would be 
more to their mind. 

When this became known all were dissatisfied with 
such talk, even those who had been dissatisfied came to 
me; even those who had spread the report, saying they 


meant only that they had heard so of two thoughtless 
persons, but never did give any confirmation thereto. 
However that might be, the provost wrote to his great 
benefactor Archbishop Dr. Henri e Benzelius and asked 
for a recall. The answer thereto came in May, 1754, with 
the promise to be called home as soon as any proper 
bent- fice at home in the kingdom could be provided. 
From that time for two years the matter dragged on 
with various propositions which miscarried, not to 
mention the providing for Magister Nasman and his 
family which came betwixt. But in order that the Most 
Highworthy Archbishop should not let his word come 
to nothing, he was pleased by a letter the 8th of August, 
1755, to assure me that he from His Royal Majesty 
should procure a recall for me, and by a letter of the 
22nd of the same month, he informed me that the recall 
was granted, and again of the following 8th of Septem- 
ber containing the recall with another very gracious 
writing which were received the i8th of January, and 
are inserted in the Actis Prapositura. 

It was left to the Provost to start on his journey imme- 
diately if he wished, in which case he should appoint 
Extraoridinary Herr Lidenius to minister to the church 
during the vacancy; but considering that various dis- 
orders might creep in in the meantime, such as that 
the foolish people might divide into parties, chose for 
themselves a pastor from those remaining here before 
anyone should be in due order appointed, &c. There- 
fore the provost decided to see his successor in the pas- 
torate, for which he had only to delay till the 20th of 
May, when a commission came over for Pastor Herr Eric 
Unander to to be pastor of Christina congregation. The 
provost could not but with gladness revere the High 
Providence which had so directed the matter that he 


could leave his beloved Christina Church, which truly 
had cost him the kernel of his strength, to a successor 
who had been his faithful friend from childhood, as also 
his fellow-traveler irom Sweden, and showed himself al- 
ready a zealous teacher of two troublesome congrega- 
tions for seven years. Who also probably by the help 
of the Most High will be able to raise up and improve 
What time and strength will admit. 

[Eric Unanders' Record, &c ] 

After the Provost Highworthy Herr Magister Israel 
Acrel ins was called home the 12th of January last, His 
Royal Majesty's gracious commission for me to the Chris- 
tina Church, was received on the 20th of May, when 
immediately after some priests met with the provost, 
who freely offered themsel /es to supply Christina Church 
until the autumn, when he intended to take his depart- 
ure from the country because Herr Lidenius said he 
considered himself bound to preach a year for the 
English in Chester County, and it was concluded that 
the removal should not take place until August. But 
as Herr Provost was not ready to leave at that time the 
removal was deferred until the 23d of September, when 
I, in the Lord's name, with all my family safely landed 
here between 5 and 6 o'clock in the evening, having be- 
fore preached my inaugural sermon on Sunday, after 
Trinity. May the Lord grant me His grace to be found 
an approved and irreproachable laborer who rightly di- 
vides the word of truth. 

Copy of His Royal Majesty's gracious commission to 
me to Christina Church. 

We, Adolph Friedrich, by God's grace Sweden Gdthe 
and Wende's King^ &c., &c., &c,, Crown Prince of 
Norway, Duke of Holstein, Stormarn and Ditmarsen, 


Count of Oldenburg, Delmenhorst, &c., &c., &c., make 
known that, whereas, through the home calling to 
Sweden provost and pastor Magister Israel Acrelius, the 
office of pastor in the Christina Church in America is 
vacant, and for the filling of it again the pastor in Rac- 
coon and Pensneck, Eric Unander, in consideration of 
his good learning and edifying walk,having been humbly 
proposed to us, have we therewith by virtue of this our 
open commission graciously willed to change the above 
named Pastor Eric Unander to the office of pastor over 
the Christina Church, receiving therewith to enjoy all 
the benefits and rights which from the said pastorate 
can fall to him. For further surety have we this with 
our own hand subscribed, and let it be confirmed by our 
royal seal. 

Stockholm, the 20th of October, 1755, 

Adolph Friederich, 

C. Ruder Schold. 

On the 6th of November about 3 P. M. Herr Provost 
went on board the ship Betsy Sally, Capt Snead, from 
Philadelphia for London, after he had taken a friendly 
farewell of friends, of Herr Provost Olof Parlin, me. 
and some few of the congregation who were present, 
and certain English gentlemen, his acquaintances. The 
Lord send his holy angels to conduct him the long and 
dangerous journey. 

This day was just seven years since I and Hen- 
Provost, about six in the evening went on shore for the 
first in Philadelphia, and now must I see myself here 
left by him, who just with seven yearsfaithful labor has 
fulfilled his call, and got to go home to gather the fruit 
of his toil. If God grants me health and my time be 

not doubled like Jacob's, I will however be satisfied. 


'May the gracious God grant as heretofore so hereafter 
his blessing upon my labor in his dearly bought church: 

A. D. 1757. — On the day of the annunciation of Mary, 
I requested the vestrymen to stay after God*s service, 
when the pastor exhorted them to set a good example 
before the rest of the congregation, especially with 
respect to the reception of the Holy Supper, which was 
so generally neglected by the congregation, even by 
many of the elders of the church. 

2nd. Enquired how tar the pastor should comply with 
the request of the English to preach for them herein 
the church one Sunday in the month, to which it was 
answered that it should be granted to them. 

3rd. They were also reminded by the pastor that the 
church windows ought to be repaired, and he got for 
answer that the two which were repaired the last year 
were yet for the most part unpaid for. Therefore the 
Churchwardens were instructed to collect the subscrip- 
tions, except of those exempted by the congregation. 

He also told the congregation to have the youth 
come in front of the choir before the sermon on Sun- 
day, now while the days were long to be instructed in 
•Christian doctrine. 

5th. The members of the church were exhorted not 
to neglect the Lord's supi>er as has been the case hitherto 
-even by the oldest in the church. 

6th. The account of Mr. Tranberg for the past year 
for the estate of the church was shown, which the 
•Church Council would not subscribe because they did 
not show how much of the church's property from in- 
come they had in their hands, but only what they had 
taken in and payed out, without specifying the balance 
in hand. 


A. D. 1757, Nov. 9th. — A gfeneral parish meeting was 
held at the priest-house when the following was consid- 
ered and acted upon. 

ist. Swen Walraven was unanimously chosen vestry- 

2d. The pastor reminded them of the repairs neces- 
sary for the windows and the church-yard and also vari- 
ous repairs necessary at the priest-house, and it was 
found necessary that the money for the purpose should 
be raised by subscription, and because a part always kept 
away when it was necessary to effectually assist in keep- 
ing God's house and the parsonage property in good con- 
dition, therefore it was unanimously resolved, that 
they who on this occasion refused to be helpful by sub- 
scribing according to their ability for the above named 
objects, shall not be considered hereafter members of the 
congregation, but strangers. 

Those who are poof shall not hereby lose their rights 
if they give in their money be it ever so little, or excuse 
themselves to the priest or church-wardens on account 
of their poverty. 

3d. The pastor exhorted the congregation anew that 
they ought more frequently to partake of the Lordj^ 
supper, and represented to them in love how very had 
the influence was upon the young if the older members 
neglected this ordinance. 


4th. It was resolved that the young must not take the 
liberty to run out of church during Divine service, &c., 
and that Mr. Charles Springer, Sr. and Mr. Hans 
Petersson shall be inspectors, that all may go on prop- 
erly in God's house. 

As Mr. Colesberg was not present his account could 


not be examined at this time, but Churchwatden Mr. 
Wm. Von Nemen's was examined and found correct 

Read up and confirmed by the vestry, the 26th ot 
August, 1758. 


Hans (HP) Peterson, 


Charles (CS) Springer. 


Timote^eus (TS) Stedham, 


Neils. Justice, 
JusTA Walraven. 

A. D. 1758, August 26th. — A general parish meeting 
was held when the following business was brought for- 
ward and decided upon. 

ist. The records of the last year were read up, ap- 
proved and subscribed by some of the vestry in behalf of 
all which the pastor explained to be necessary, partly 
that no one may say that anything is set down in the 
church book which has not been approved by the church 
council, partly that no one may plead ignorance of 
what had been resolved and it was agreed and settled 
that always hereafter this course shall be pursued. 

2d. A subscription was started for the church windows 
and a new door and an agreement made with the ioiner, 
Fredrick Tassy to do the work. 

3d. The trustees presented two' accounts for 1756 and 
1757, which had been so long backstanding, which the 
pastor after he had read them through, held to be very 
incomplete and out of order, in that they not by one 
word showed what they had in charge of either 
interest or ground rents, but only gave the amount ol 


what had been received and paid out since their last 
settlement, therefore, it was impossible to know from 
the accounts how large the yearly income of the church 
was, how much interest or ground rents were backstand- 
ing or in their hands. Mr. Tranburg answered that 
Provost Acrelius always accepted such accounts, and 
showed several of the same sort; nevertheless the vestry 
maintained that a better account was needed for the 
church and to that end appointed the pastor, Mr. Neils 
Justice and Mr. Gustaf Walraven to examine the church 
accounts with the trustees on some day which they 
should agree upon. 

On the 2d of October, 1759, ^^^ above doings were 
read up and approved. 

Neils Justice, 
JusTA Walraven, 
Wm. Tassy. 

In accordance with what was resolved in the last 
meeting, those whom it concerned agreed on a certain 
day for examination of the accounts of the trustees, 
against which, after it was announced in the church, 
Mr. Tranberg protested, saying that he was appointed 
by court on certain business at New Port. It there- 
fore, was agreed between him and the pastor that the 
meeting should be postponed until the next week. The 
pastor then went to Philadelphia and Tranberg promised 
to give notice of the 'postponement. Notwithstanding 
this agreement between the pastor and Mr. Tranberg, 
those who were appointed, together with some of the 
elders of the congregation met, who, on being questioned, 
afterwards said they had not found anything wrong in 
the accounts which Tranberg had shown them and 


believed that if the priest would be satisfied it might 

I had not hitherto disclosed my thoughts to anyone, 
though I had already for sometime feared what we after- 
ward learned, and what was now done did not quiet my 
apprehensions but at once increased my unrest. When 
I had an opportunity I told some of my thoughts to 
vestryman, Mr. Nils Justice, who was at once convinced 
that my fears were not groundless. We agreed that the 
matter should not rest with what was done but that the 
accounts should be examined in my presence in accord- 
ance with the resolution of the vestry. But before we 
could bring the business on, Mr. Tranberg was taken 
sick and finally died on the i8th of January, 1759. 

1759. — On the 24th of February the Church Council 
met, hoping to get the church accounts from Mr. Benzell, 
who administered on Mr. Tranberg's estate, and had 
before promised the pastor to deliver them at the first 
demand. And also to appoint new trustees, even one 
also in Mr. Colesberg's place, who now declared that he 
wished to be released from the great trouble that he had 
for so long time with the church property, to which the 
Church Council agreed only that we must first have a 
settlement of the accounts for his and Mr. Tranberg' s 
time. Meantime we consulted about new trustees. The 
pastor advised them to have more, that the burden might 
be less when one or two could make the collections, and 
have all ready for the congregation at the end of each 
year, and so in course. Whereupon it was resolved to 
elect three trustees, and consequently, Gustaf Walraven, 
Jonas Stedham and William Derickson were chosen. 

Mr. Benzell could not be persuaded to let the church 
book and accounts go out of his hands, nor in any way 
give an abstract. Therefore the Church Council were 


obliged to commission the pastor Eric Unander, Mr. 
Nils Justice and Gustav Walraven to obtain counsel in 
the case from a lawyer or advocate. 

They therefore consulted Mr. Thomas McKean, and 
when he had seen the deed that had been given to Mr. 
Tranberg by Mr. Stedham, he said that the land was in 
danger of being sold by Tranberg's creditors, as it was 
said that he had owed more than he could pay and that 
the only way out of our difficulties was to obtain an 
Act of Assembly to restore the land to the church and 
incorporate the church into a Body Politic, which has a 
right to a succession in the future, and buy, possess, sell 
and receive legacies, etc., and sue and be sued, etc., etc. 

In the month of May of the same year this business 
was brought before the assembly in session at New 
Castle by a petition of the church, which had with them 
the good affect that they considered our application 
legitimate, and prepared an act according to our wish 
and left with the Governor for confirmation. But here 
we had the misfortune to meet with opposition from 
some who secretly opposed it, scf that the Governor, not- 
withstanding he before had not only promised his con- 
currence but himself had recommended the case to the 
assembly, declined to sign the act until he could hear 
more advocates opinions thereupon. 

He promised to give us a charter without the assem- 
bly's assistance, because it particularly belonged to him 
as he in such matters represented the King here. 

But by that we could not win back the land, for that 
it was necessary to have a law confirmed both by the 
Governor and his assembly. None the less we found it 
necessary to accept his promise, and to that end called 
on him in Philadelphia. 


This compelled me to make many expensive journeys 
to Philadelphia, yet nothing was accomplished, for the 
greater part of the Governor's Council were altogether 
opposed to the case, theiefore here nothing could be 

The Church Council met one time after another, but 
could accomplish nothing because the accounts for the 
property were yet withheld from us; all that could be 
gathered out of the church book was read to the coun- 

Through this great dissatisfaction arose because of 
what was inserted on page 31, with reference to the 
final settlement of Mr. Stedham and Mr. Colesberg's 

The trustees as well as some of the Church Council 
thought themselves by this highly injured, and insisted 
that it should be torn out of the church book. 

The pastor knew not what to do, as they would not 
be pacified unless the book was torn asunder, so he asked 
the help of Pastor Eric Nordenlind in the matter, when 
th«y finally effected so much that it was agreed thgit the 
Herr Provost and the other priest^s opinion should be 
heard upon it. 

At the close of October, 1759, the assembly met at 
New Castle, and the pastor presented the petition of the 
church, and finally won his wish both in respect to 
makingthe land secure and establishing it as the church's 
perpetual property, and the establishing the incorpora- 
tion so that the officers of the church may have power 
to take care of and guard that which comes to the church 
under the protection of the law of the land according to 
best knowledge and conscience. 


This act was signed the 27th of October, 1759, by 
Governor William Denny and placed in the church 
chest among many other documents belonging to the 

On the 2nd of November the pastor called the whole 
coi^gregation together in the church after the act had the 
Sunday before been read from the pulpit, to elect a 
church council. On that occasion the preacher addressed 
the people, exhorting them to thank God who bowed 
the hearts of the authorities of the country not only to 
protect, but to recover the lost church land, but also to pro- 
tect us with such glorious privileges. The election was 
by ballot, in which Pastor Herr Nordenlind assisted 
me. The following members of the congregation were 
elected : Gustav Walraven, Nils Justis, John Lynan, 
Hance Petersson, Peter Vandever, Swen Walraven, Jonas 
Stedham, S wen Justis, John Hendricsron. Afterwards the" 
pastor and Church Council elected the same day accord- 
to the provision of the charter the churchwardens, viz: 
William Vaneman and Andrew Justis. 

Copy op the Charter. 

Anno Trisccsimo 1 erito Rfgni Regis GeorgiiSecundi. 

At a general Assembly begun at New Castle, in the Govern- 
ment of the Counties of New Castle, Kent and Sussex upon Dela- 
ware, the 20th day of October in the thirty-third year of the Reign 
of our Sovereign Lord George the Second, King of Great Britain 
etc., Annoque Domini 1759, the following law was passed by the 
Honorable William Denny Esq., governor; that is to say 

An act to redress the misemployment of lands, and stocks of 
money, heretofore given and purchased for the use of the Minister 
of the Lutheran Church called Trinity Church in the Borough of 
Wilmington and County of New Castle, and for the incorpora- 
ting the minister, churchwardens and vestrymen of the said 


Whereas, The minister, chtuidi-wardens . nd vestry-men and 
others of the Swedes Lutheran Church* called Trinity Church in 
the Borough of Wilmington, in Christiana Hundred, and County 
of New Castle, did, by their humble petition presented unto the 
representatives of the freemen of the Counties of New Castle, 
Kent and Sussex upon Delaware, set forth, and also make appear, 
that two tracts of land and a piece of marsh, containing in the 
whole 509 acres, situate in Christiana Hundred in the County of 
New Castle, part thereof in the borough of Wilmington afore- 
said, have been heretofore purchasedof a certain John Stalcop and 
confirmed by his heirs, unto the congregation of the church 
aforesaid, and conveyances for the same taken in the names of 
divers persons by the appointment of the said congregation in 
trust, and for the use of the minister for the time being of the 
aforesaid church. And that the same persons have since coni 
veyed the same to a certain Timothy Stedham and Henry 
Colesburg, in joint- tenancy to the use of the said Timo- 
thy Stedham and Henry Colesburg, and their heirs for- 
ever without mentioning the same to be on any trust or 
confidence whatsoever, although neither of them ever paid any 
consideration for the same, and although the same was -intended 
for the use of the minister as aforesaid; and that the said 
Timithy Stedham on the 15th of July, in the year of our Lord, 
one thousand seven hundred and forty-nine, conveyed and alien- 
ated the one moiety of two hundred and twenty-eight acres 
of the land aforesaid, and also of the said marsh, unto a certain 
Andrew Tranberg, and his heirs, forever, to the use of the said 
Andrew Tranberg, and his heirs, without expressing any trust 
or confidence in the same conveyance, although the same was 
intended and designed to be for the use of the minister as 
aforesaid, and a'though the said Andrew Tranberg, paid no 
consideration for said land and marsh, which appeared by an 
obligation or instrument in writing, bearing even date with the 
indenture given the said Andrew Tranberg. by the aforesaid 
Timothy Stedham, signed, sealed and delivered by the same 
Andrew to the vestry -men of the same church ; that the said 
Andrew is since dead, intestate, and the same land and marsh is de- 
cended to his two sisters Rebecca the wife of Adolph Benzell and 
Elizabeth Parlin, in coparcenary, who are not compellable to 


convey the same to the proper use aforesaid, nor have they it in 
their power so to do. by reason that the estate of the aforesaid 
Andrew is thought not to be sufficient to discharge his debts, and 
the same is liable to his creditors. And further set forth, that 
the minister and vestry-men of the said congregation have from 
time to time chosen and appointed persons whom they called 
trustees, who together with their churchwardens, have in pur- 
suance of an article or agreement in writing, signed by the said 
congregation, directing them to do so, leased and demised a 
g^reat part of the land and marsh aforesaid in small parcels or 
lots to divers persons receiving a small rent to be paid yearly to 
them and their successors forever for the use of the minister as 
aforesaid, apprehending such leases to be good; and that many 
persons have paid the said rents yearly until this time, and 
others have refused, although they enjoy their lots under their 
aforesaid leases, knowing the said rent cannot now be recovered 
of them by the strict rules of law as the trustees and church- 
wardens who demised the same are long since dead, and could 
have no succession, not being incorporated. And further did 
set forth that the said land and marsh, and the rents, profits, 
mone3' and stocks of money, arising and accruing therefrom 
have not been employed according to the charitable, and good 
intent of the givers and purchasers thereof, by reason of frauds, 
breaches of trust and negligence in those that should pay, de- 
liver, and employ the same; and that they were remediless in 
all and singular the premises, saving by the aid of the legislature 
of this government; and for redressing the same, and securing 
the land and marsh rents, profits, money and stocks of money 
aforesaid, for the uses intended by givers, and confirming the 
owners of the lots aforesaid, under the leases aforesaid, upon 
their payment of the arrearages of the ren*^ reserved and due on 
their respective leases, in their just rights and possesions, did 
humbly pray that it might be enacted. 

And be it enacted, by the Honorable William Denny, Esquire, 
with his Majesty's royal approbation Lieutenant Governor, and 
commander in chief of the counties of New Castle, Ivent and 
Sussex, upon Delaware and province of Pennj slvania, by and 
with the advice and consent of the representatives of the freemen 


of the said counties in General Assembly met, and by the 
authority of the same, that from and after the publication of 
this Act, in the Borough of Wilmington aforesaid, in Jie Swedes 
Lutheran Church, called Trinity Church, now built and erected 
there, and the piece of ground whereon the same stands and 
thereto belonging, bounded as follows, to wit; beginning at a 
stone where formerly stood a black oak near to the marsh, and 
running thence north ten degrees, east three perches and one 
tenth to a stake where stood a thorn bush, thence north three 
degrees, east sixteen perches and six tenths to a stake, with 
eighty-seven degrees, west twenty-three perches and thirty-six 
hundredths of a perch to a stake, south five degrees, east seven 
peiches and eighty -one hundredths, south thirteen deg^rees 
east twenty-one perches to a stake, and north five degrees', east 
seventeen perches and eighty-eight hundredths of a perch to 
the place of beginning, and containing three acr's and eight 
perches. There may be one Divine and Godly preacher or 
minister, by a c(msistory of Sweden legally and duly licensed 
and ordained, and commissioned, and appointed by the 
King of Sweden, to instruct and teach, all his congregation in 
the knowledge of God, and of his word; and that the said min- 
ister with his congregation being natural born subjects of some 
of the dominions of the King of Great Britian, or naturalized 
according to an act of assembly of this government entitled. 
"An act for naturalization,'* may elect and choose nine vestry- 
men, and the same vestrymen as soon as chosen shall and may 
with the said minister elect and choose two churchwardens, for 
the taking care of all matters and things relating to the said 
church. And that the said minister for the time being, and the 
churchwardens and vestrymen, so to be appointed and chosen, 
and the survivors of them and such others as shall be from time 
to time forever hereafter chosen and nominated by them, or a 
majority of them, or of the survivors or survivor of them, an- 
nually on the first Monday of the month of May in the said 
church, in their places and steads, or of such of them as may 
happen to die within the year as often as the same falls out, and 
their successors shall forever hereafter stand and be incorporated, 
established and founded in name and in deed, one body politick 
and corporate, to have continuance forever, by the name of the 


minister, churchwardens and vestrymen, of the Swedes, Luth- 
eran Church, called Trinity Church, in the borough of Wilming- 
ton. And that the said minister, churchwardens and vestrymen, 
may have a perpetual succession, and by that name they, and 
their successors may forever have, hold, enjoy, the two tracts of 
land and parcel of marsh, the church and lot above mentioned, 
situate in Christiana Hundred, the county of New Castle and 
bounded as in a patent granted thereof by William Penn, 
Esquire, by William Markham and John Goodson, his 
proprietory deputies, to a certain Charles Picktring, dated 
the fourteenth day of October, in the year of our Lord, one 
thousand six hundred and eighty-seven, and containing five 
hundred and nine acres, with their and every of their rights, 
members and appurtenances (excepting such part or parts thereof 
as have been heretofore bona fide, and for a valuable considera- 
tion granted, bargained and sold, leased or demised, by the afoie- 
said Timothy Stedhara, Henrv Colesburg and Andrew Tranberg, 
or any of them, or by any other person or persons who had any 
estate in the premises), without any license of pardon for any 
alienation of them on any part of the same, or for mortmain, or 
any other law or statute to the contrary notwithstanding; and 
also all the letters, patents, indentures, deeds, evidences, books 
and writings, concerning the premises, or any of them. And 
also that they, by that name of incorporation, shall and may 
have full power, authority and lawful capacity and ability, to 
purchase, take, hold, receive, enjoy and have, to them and to 
their successors forever, as well goods and chattels as lands and 
tenements, and other things of what nature or quality soever; 
and also to grant, bargain, sell, demise, let or assign, in fee 
simple, for term of life, live:? or years, such lands, tenements, 
goods, chattels and other things, by the name aforesaid, so that 
the yearly income of such lands, tenements, hereditaments, 
goods and chattels, so to be acquired (together with the two 
tracts of land and marsh aforesaid, being unsold), by the said 
body politick and corporate, do not exceed the sum of five hun- 
dred pounds, lawful money of this government. And that the 
said minister, church-wardens and vestry-men and their succes- 
sors, by the same name shall be persons able and capable to sue 
and be sued, implead and be impleaded, and to do, ^rform and 


execute all and every other lawful act andthin^, good, necessary 
and profitable, for the said corporation, in as full and ample 
manner and form, and to all intents, constructions and purposes, 
as any other corporation and body politick or corporate, fully 
and perfectly founded and incorporated may do. And that the 
same minister, church-wardens and vestry-men and their succes- 
sors for the time being, may have and use a common seal, for 
the making, granting and demising, of such their grants, de- 
mises and leases, and for the doing all and everything touching 
or in any wise concerning the said corporation. 

And be it farther enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the 
indentures, deeds and conveyances of the above mentioned two 
tracts of land and piece of marsh, which had been made to the 
aforsaid Timothy Stedham and Henry Colesbnrg. in joint tenancy, 
and the conveyance aforesaid made by the said Timothy Stedham 
to the aforesaid Andrew Tranberg, shall, be and enure, and from 
and after the publication of this act, be taken to be and enure 
forever after, in all courts within this government, to the use, 
benefit, and behoof of the body politick and corporate aforesaid, 
and their successors, and to no other use whatsoever, anything 
in the said deeds contained to the contrary notwithstanding. 
And that the yearly produce, rents and profits of the land and 
marsh aforesaid, and of all other lands, tenements, heredita- 
ments, goods, chattels, money and stocks 61 money to be pur- 
chased, gotten, received or acquired, by I'r.e snid corporation, 
shall be dispKjsed of by the said corporation for the sufficient 
maintenance of the said minister for the time being, and for the 
repairing and enlarging of the aforesaid church, and for the sup- 
porting and keeping up the said body poliiick and corporate in 
such quantities and proportions as the body politick aforesaid, or 
a majority of them (always allowing the minister or head thet eof, 
two votes or voices,) shall ag^ree, direct and prder, and shall not 
be converted or employed to any private u^e, or any other use 
whatsoever. And that the preacher and minister of the word of 
God, who shall be ordained, appointed and commissioned in 
manner aforesaid, to the said church in the borough of Wil- 
mington, from time to time, hereafter shall and may en*er into, 
have, hold and enjoy the church aforesaid, with the lot thereto 


belonging hereinbefore described, and the parsonage house, in the 
bonmgh of Wilmington aforesaid, built on part of one the tracts 
of land hereinbefore mentioned for the abiding, dwelling and 
residence of the minister of the same church, and now occupied 
and possessed by the present minister, the Reverend Ericus 
Unander, with its appurtenances, and also into four acrts o^ 
marrh, being the remaining part of the marsh hereinbefore men- 
tioned, which is unsold, in and to his own proper use and behoof, 
for and during so long time as he shall be minister and preacher 
there without any other presentation, admission or induction. 

And that no lease or grant shall ever be made hereafter of the 
said church and church lot, parsonage-house or marsh, with their 
appurtenances, or any part or portion thereof, other than such as 
shall determine and end, when, and as soon as any such person, 
who shall be the preacher or minister of. and in the said church, 
when the same lease or grant shall be made, shall cease and 
resign, leave, or be put out and removed from his said place of 
preacher or minister of the said church. 

Provided always, and be it enacted by the authority aforsaid, 
that nothing iierein contained shall be deemed and understood 
to make good or valid any fraudulent deed, grant or conveyance, 
made of the two tracts of laid and marsh aforesaid, to or for the 
use of the minister or congregation of the church aforesaid, at 
any time heretofore; but that every person or persons, and their 
heirs, other than Ihe person or persons from whom the same 
lauds and marsh were purchased bonafide, and for valuable con- 
sideration, and their heirs, and other than the person or persons 
to whom the sapie were conveyed in trust for the use of the 
minister and congregation of the church aforesaid, formally 
called the Christina Church, although such trust or confidence 
were not expressed in such conveyance or conveyances, and 
other than the heirs, of the aforesaid Andrew Tranberg. deceased, 
by virtue of the deed herein particularly mentioned, shall still 
have, retain and keep all such estate, right, title, condition, 
claim, possession, rents, action, remedies, terms, .interests, 
demands and hereditaments whatsoever, which they, or any of 
them, shall, and may have, or of right ought to have of, in and 
to or out of, the premises, or any of them, or any part thereof, 


as if this act had ever been made, other than fine or fines for 
any alienation thereof, and other than title and right of liberty or 
liberties, to enter into the same, or any of them, for or by reason 
of any statute hitherto made for, concerning or against any 
alienation in mortmain. 

A»d, be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
every person or persons, and their heirs and assigns, who at any 
time heretofore possessed and enjoved any parcel or parce's, lot 
or lots of the herein before mentioned two tracts of land and 
marsh, by virtue of any lease or leases, grants or conveyances, 
justly and firmly obtained from any of the Churchwardens or 
others, bv the minister and congregations of the church, aforesaid 
chosen and appionted upon application and request made to the 
body politick and corpoiate aforesaid, and at the proper costs snd 
charges of such person or persons, shall and may have and re- 
ceive new leases, grants and conveyances from the said body 
politick and corporate, for the lots or parcels of land and marsh 
contained in their old leases or conveyances, so that the same do 
not contain any other or further covenants than were in the old 
lease and grants,and so that the same person or persons so apply- 
ing do first pay nnto the body politick and corporate aforesaid, 
all such rents and sums of money as shall appear to be due and in 
arrear from them for their said lots respectively. 

And, be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid. That if 
the purchasers and possessors of the lots and parcels of land and 
marsh aforesaid, their heirs or assigns, by virtue of such leases 
and grants aforesaid, do not within one year from and after due 
notice given them in writing by the said body politick and cor- 
porate for that purpose, tender and pay unto the said body poli- 
tick and corporate, all such sums of money as shall appear to be 
justly due and in arrear from them respectively, for their said 
lots, that then and in such case the said body politick and corporate 
shall and may grant, bargain and sell the said lots, or any of 
them to such other person or persons as will buy the same, and 
for such sum or sums of money as the same will bring; and if 
the same should sell for more than the sum in arrear and due for 
thesame,that then the said body politick and corporate shall pay 
the overplus to the former purchaser and owner thereof, all reas- 


onable charges being first deducted, and to the end that the said 
sums of money in arrear and unpaid may be ascertained. 

Be it enacted by 'he authority aforesaid, That if the said body 
politick and corporate, and the present owners and possessors of 
the said lots, their heirs or assigns, cannot agree among theiti- 
selves, and fix the rents in arrear, or sums due for the same, 
according to their several leases and grants, that then and in 
such case, it shall and may be lawful to and for the Justice of the 
Court of Common Pleas for the county of New Castle, upon 
application to them made by either of the said parties, and they 
are hereby authoria&ed, impowered and required, to enter, or 
cause to be entered, an action by the ^aid corporation against 
such person or persons, t*"eir executors or administrators, '^nd 
thereupon to nominate and appoint three good and lawful men 
of the said county to audit the matters in controversy between 
the said parties, and ascertain the sum due from the said persons 
for their lots as aforesaid; which said auditors, or any two of 
them, upon six days notice given by the party so applj'ing to 
the other, shall and may proceed in the premises and make their 
report to the said justices at the court next after such appoint- 
ment, who shall have power to correct, and control any errors 
that shall appear to them in such report, and give judgment 
thereupon; and the party or parties for whom the said judgment 
shall be given may have an execution on the same, with the 
costs of that action, any laW, custom or usage to the contrary 
notwithstanding Signed by the order of the house, 

Jacob Kollock, speaker 

On the twenty -seventh day of October in the third year of His 
Majesty'sReign and in the year of our Lord one thousand seven 
hundred and fifty-nine, I assent to this bill, enacting the same, 
and ordei it to be enrolled. By His Honours command, 

Richard Peters, Secretary. William Denny. 

I do hereby certify that the above and foregoing seven sheets 
{s a true copy compared with the record at New Castle. Given 
under my hand and seal this loth day of November, 1759. 

R. W. William, Mag.«Rotul. 
The 17th of November, 17S9, was held the first church 
meeting of Holy Trinity Church's administrators in Wil- 
mington, when the pastor presented 


1st. That it was necessary that some of the Church 
Council should be appointed in some manner to at the , 
first opportunity make a list of all writings, deeds, 
leases, bonds, &c., belonging to the church, which was 
resolved, and Nils Justis and Justa Wal raven were 
chosen, and with them were appointed Mr. Timothy 
Stedham and Henry Colesberg, who should select the 
day for themselves. 

2d. The complaint of some of the congregation was 
presented who think that tl ey are wronged in that their 
children and particularly their daughters have to pay as 
strangers for a burial place in the churchyard, after they 
were married to strangers. Whereupon it was resolved 
that if they kept themselves connected with the church 
after they were thus married away, they themselves 
shall have the right to be buried in their parents' grave 
yard, but not their husband or children without payment 
to the church. 

3rd. It was agreed that if any of the Church Council 
or church-wardens absent themselves from a notified 
meeting without good excuse, he shall pay 10 shillings; 
if he comes late and an hour after the appointed time, 
without showing proper hindrance he shall pay 5 shil- 
lings, and if any one goes away before the close of the 
meeting without leave, he shall also pay 5 shillings to 
the Church Council, and make afterwards an apol- 

A. D. 1760. — When Herr Provost Dr. Wrangell and 
Herr Magister Andrew Borell arrived here in April of 
the last year, they brought with them His Royal Ma- 
jesty\s most gracious recall for me, dated June 12th, 
1758, acid also a commission for Pastor Herr Lidenius, 
to be my successor, but as the churches in Jersey were 
determined to keep their pastor, and to that end sent a 
petition to His Royal Majesty and to the venerable con- 


sistory and moreover the property of the church here 

stood in such great danger, I made an agreement with 
the ministerial council that I would remain with the 
church till their estate was in some way secured and an 
answer be received from Sweden respecting the succes- 

After I had last autumn succeeded in obtaining the 
before named Act of Assembly, I began at once to think 
of obeying the King's gracious recall, but as I was 
suffering from a lingering quartan ague up to that time 
and we had not yet gotten the church books nor accounts 
from the hands of Tranberg's administrator and so 
could not close them up, I have been obliged to tarry 
here until this time, being July, 1760, when I, through 
God's grace, have proceeded so far as to get the accounts 
so that one can -see tolerably how much has been lost 
and how much is left. Mr. Duff, from New Port, has 
had the trouble herefor, and is to leave the statement 
with the church council at their next meeting. 

Thus have I, by God's grace, as far as in me lay. 
worked for the good of this church of Christ, and 
declare now at the close that what is written down and 
entered in this book either by my own hand or Mr. 
Reinke's, is nothing but the truth, and I wish, in con- 
clusion, all blessings of the Most High upon this God's 
little flock and its future teachers henceforth. 

That God's grace and blessing may be upon Chris- 
tina church, for all time, wishes from the heart. ' 

Erik Unander. (a) 

(a) There is no record of the transactioos of the vestry or congregation 
during the pastorate of Provost Borell from the time Mr. Unander left in 
1760, to the coming of Mr. Girelius in 1767, but the baptisms and marriliges, 
etc., were recorded and will be found in their proper order. — Translator. 

A leaf is torn out directly after Mr. Unander's last entry which may haye 
contained the statement of the church accounts made by Mr. Duff, but it 
is not at all certain as the next two pages are blank. 


A. D. 1767. — The 2ist of October Magister Lars 
Girelius came as extraordinarius to this church, the then 
present Pastor Provost Magister Andrew Borell, who for 
the whole lime he had been here had been quite sickly^ 
was now very ill, and therefore requested the said Extra- 
ordinarius according to instructions to assist him in his 
charge till he might by the will of God be better. 

In accordance therewith the day afterwards I removed 
my things into the house of the provost, and on the 25th 
when the provost preached in English, though extremely 
weak, T began in the Lord's name my office in this 
church by reading all the prayers. And this was the last 
time Herr Provost was in the church, till he was borne 
there dead, and was buried, which took place after along 
weary tearing sickness, on the 5th of the following April, 
1768. During which time I supplied the congregation, 
preaching every other Sunday, Swedish and English 
alternately, wherewith (honor be to God,) I was signally 
blessed so that next Easter Day, Monday after Easter, I 
administered the first communion in English that had 
ever been known in this church. I was assisted by 
Pastor Goransson, who was then here in giving out the 
Lord's Supper to fifteen persons. 

On the loth, which was the first Sunday after Easter, 
there was preached a funeral sermon over the late Herr 
Provost before midday, in Swedish by Herr Pastor 
Anders Goransson, which was afterwards printed in 
Sweden, and in the afternoon in English, by the Pastor 
in Racoon and Pensneck, Herr Johan Wicksell. 

On the same day after the close of morning service, 
the congregation were asked by Herr Pastor Wicksell if 
they were satisfied to have Extraordinarius for their pas- 
tor or did they wish for some other, whereupon the con- 
gregation unanimously expressed the desire that a petit- 


ion should be sent to the authorities for his continuance 
with them, and it pleased the High consistory to propose 
to his Royal Majesty, Extraordinari us Magister Girelius, 
for filling this pastorate. Meantilne I was entrusted with 
the care of the church and the parsonage, with what 
belonged to it was given up to me, and the congregation 
promised to help towards my support, as I could not 
draw any salary until next year ty6()^ from the income. 
Directly after, the petition was sent over to the consistory, 
and His Royal Majesty's gracious commission for me to 
the Christina pastorate was received the December fol- 
lowing, and thus reads 

We, Adolph Fredrich, by God's grace Sweden Gothe, 
and Vende's King, &c., &c., &c., Heir of Norway, 
Duke of Shleswicg Holstein,Scormaren and Ditmartshen, 
Count of Oldenberg and Delmernhorst, &c., &c., &c., 
make known hereby, that as the Consistorium Ecclesi- 
asticum in Up^^ala, has humbly and respectfully informed 
us that the charge of the Christina Church in America is 
vacant, through the death of the provost over the 
Swedish Lutheran Churches and pastor of the church at 
Christina, Magister Anders Borell, and also has respect- 
fully presented the Preacher Extraordinary Magister Lars 
Girelius, now serving as a missionary in America for the 
service needed there We have herewith, and in the 
strength of this, our open gracious commission, appointed 
him Magister Lars Girelius to be |>astor of the Christina 
Church in America, and therewith granting him the 
salary and income of said pastorate. Let all to whom 
it concerns be obedient to earn' this into effect, and 
for greater surety have I subscribed this with my own 
hand, and let it be confirmed with our Royal Seal. 

Stockholm, ist December, 1768, 

Adolph Fredrich, 
a. rosonadler. 


N. B. — This commission was brought by Pastor Mag- 
ister CoUen in May, 1770, and was, the following Trinity 
Sunday, by Priest Herr Johan Wicksell, after a previous 
introductory address in Swedish, publicly read. 

As this congregation was in a very low state and 
much scattered, partly by reason of the late provost's 
poor health in the latter years partly by the disagree- 
ment betwixt him and the pastor at Wicacoe, I was 
especially anxious by the help of God as soon as possi- 
ble to attempt to build up what was fallen and gather 
what was scattered. I thought the surest and best means 
to accomplish this, next to the help of God, would be 
zealous and earnest sermons from the pulpit and thorough 
visitation of the members at their own homes, a faithful 
instruction of the young in christian doctrine and reli- 
gious duties, and upholding good order in the church 
and on all occasions of public worship. To effect these 
I began after several announcements from the pulpit on 
the 25th of November of this year between 11 A. m., 
and I p. M., to catechise in English at the parsonage as 
the most convenient place, and which I contined except 
some few weeks in winter, every Friday until the 2nd of 
June following, when I discontinued it for that time 
At the same time I distributed among the youth some 
small religious books, which the English Society for the 
propagation of the Gospel at the request of Dr. Provost 
Wrangel sent over to me to give out where I thought 
they were needed, and particularly to the Swedes at Egg 
Harbor, which last was done when Herr Pastor Gorans- 
son and Herr Pastor Wicksell in the summer visited 
Egg Harbor. I especially gave to the young for them 
to learn a little book called the Baptismal or covenant 
explained. And hereafter I will examine them in 
the church every year so long as God shall be pleased to 
let me labor in this vineyard. 


The above named Doctor and Provost Wrangel left here 
for London, September 3rd, 1768, when I and some few of 
the church accompanied him to New Castle, when he 
immediately went on board and we took an aflFection- 
ate farewell of him. 

To bring about good order in the church and public 
worship, I called together the vestry or Church Council 
on the first of May A. D. 1769. 

1st. When the pastor with feeling and earnestness 
exhorted the council as well as others of the elders in the 
church that they should be an example for the other 
members both in doctrine and life, both in the house and out 
of the house, and especially with respect to the cold heart- 
edness and carelessness in using the means of grace which 
was shown by some of them, and particularly for the Lord's 
Supper, and earnestly urged that instead of the irregular 
and indiflferent manner with which it was now re- 
ceived, they should be more thoughtful and have more 
consideration in a matter that will aflFect their eternal 

2d. Since it had pleased the most high to call hence 
by death one of the vestry-men, John Lynan, John 
Stedham was elected in his place by ballot The others 
who were nominated were Gabriel Springer, Joseph 
Stedham and Cornelius Stedham. 

3d. They were reminded that the church needed re- 
pairing, particularly the roof which was in very bad 
condition. It was resolved that the money needed 
should be raised by subscription. 

4th. There was talk about a bell, and a stove or Dutch 
oven for the church, but as there did not seem to be any 
way to get the money at present, it was postponed to 
some future time. 


5th. A letter from John Wistard was read asking pay 
for glairs which he had furnished for the church win- 
dows ten years ago, to the then present Pastor Eric Un- 
ander. It was resolved that as it is shown in this 
church book, page 39, that the vestry settled with the 
Herr Pastor for the repairing of the church and this 
same glass account was paid to him as the settlement 
shows, it was believed that the pastor must surely have 
paid the said bill, although either he or his clerk had 
forgotten to give credit for it, and the present pastor, was 
requested to inform him of these facts and tell him that 
the vestry would not be responsible for such long stand- 
ing bills. 

6th. Examined a part of the accounts of the attorneys 
or commissioners of the church, Nils Justice and Justa 
Walraven, i. e., up to April, 1768, the time of Provost 
BorelPs death. But as these accounts included many 
items on which no settlement had been made, it was 
found to be of too much importance to undertake at 
this time, and therefore it was postponed. 

N. B. — The pastor set before them the necessity of 
settling the accounts every year and that the whole in- 
come and rents of the church should be specified. That 
not only the income and outgo should appear plainly 
marked, but at the end of each year that which is back- 
standing should be plainly shown, so that the yearly 
balance may be clearly seen. It was resolved that here- 
after it shall be so. 

7th. The vestry was asked if they believed it would 
be more profitable to lease out the remaining woodland 
or keep it for the use of the pastor as has been done thus 

The answer was that they believed it would be more 


profitable to lea3e it out now while there is yet some 
wood upon it, but at this time would not come to any 
certain conclusion, but leave it to their attorneys, when 
an opportunity offers to act according to their best judg- 
ment and conscience. 

8th. The pastof asked how much he could depend upon 
as yearly salary, a thing very necessary to be known so 
that hereafter he could regulate his house-keeping, and 
not like some of his predecessors, go in debt more than 
he could pay, as he would rather board if his prospective 
salary would not warrant his keeping house. 

Then the vestry after having been left alone awhile 
to consult with each other, agreed that the pastor could 
not live on less than ;^ioo currency per year, which was 
guaranteed, wherewith the pastor declared himself sat- 
isfied, so long as he had his wood from the woodland, as 
had been customary. However, it was thought that 
it could be bought somewhat higher to ;^I20 or ;^I30 at 
least, if not now, by-and-by, as the pastor should require. 

9th. It was seen to be necessary and was agreed upon 
to have a better regulation of the pews in the church, 
and each one pay something yearly to the church for 
them, the Swedes to have law, right or liberty to choose 
first, and then the few English who lived among us. 
The money received should first be applied for repair- 
ing the fallen pews in the church, and then go to the 
priest as an increase of his scanty salary. 

But there shall by an early notice be a general parish 
meeting called to confirm all this. 

In accordance with the protocols of the last meeting 
of the Church Council, and particularly the 9th after 
these public announcements, a general parish meeting 
was held in the church on the 17th of June, 1769, to 
consult about better regulations in the church. The 


pastor who did not like to see one running over another 
without any c)rder, and seeing the old pew list had 
become useless, and none except a few of the old Swedes 
knew their seats and others asked for them, and besides 
many trades journeymen came in crowds from the town 
and took possession of the best and foremost pews in 
the churches, advised that the congpregation should with 
friendliness agpree upon a pew for either one or two 
families as is customary in the English church, and 
even among Presbyterians who pay something yearly 
for them. 

After I had prayed with them and exhorted and per- 
suaded to order and unitj I left them to kindly agree 
on what pew each one should have, which praise be 
to God they did tolerably well, and elected three modera- 
tors, Jonas Stedham, Jr., Gusta Walraven and John 
Hendricksson, to set a price on the yearly gift which 
should be p^id for each pew. On the 9th of the follow- 
ing August the said moderators met and set a certain 
sum for each pew. This pew regulation is put in a 
separate book provided for the purpose, which was put 
in the keeping of Churchwarden William Vanneaman, 
who was to collect the pew money and keep an account 
of it in the same book. 

The 25th of March is set for the yearly payment of 
the pew money, and each one is to keep his pew so 
long as he pays for it, but not longer be he Swede or 
English, and if not paid up for, the pew falls back to 
the church, and the pastor or churchwardens may again 
rent it to whom it seems best of those who apply, with- 
out making any difference between Swedes or English, 
though if a Swede apply for such empty pew he may 
have the prelerence. 


On the 7th of October in accordance with the above 
mentioned Church Councils' Protocol 3, some of the 
members of the congregation met with me in the church 
to consult about the repair of the roof, and it was 
decided that both gable ends should be covered with 
new shingles, which was done. The cost and the names 
of those who subscribed may be found among the 
church accounts of the following year. 

A. D. 1770, — May 7th which was the first Monday in 
the month, the vestry met at the priest-house according 
to the charter, when 

ist. It was proposed that the church should be white 
limed as it had not been since the time of Provost Acre- 
lius, and then only the walls, and it now needed it very 
much. The proposition was agreed to and consequently 
the church was white limed all over except the arch, 
and the money therefor was taken from the pew money. 

2nd. William Vanneamen stated that ^m, Tussey 
now required the money, 35;^, which he lent to the 
church when the late pastor built, and which he now 
could no longer do without. It was resolved to direct 
the agents Nils Justis and Gusta Walraven, to either 
make up so much out of the church money or to borrow 
what was needed for the payment of the above named 

3rd. A statement of the church property and debts 
was presented by Nils Justis and Justa Walraven which 
was deposited with the other accounts of the church. 

4th. .Cornelius Davis requested the settlement of his 
account for brick work for the former pastor, which was 

On the 2ist of October which was Sacrament Sunday, 
the English fine green cloth was for the first time hung 
around the pulpit with fringes and tassels, and the 


pulpit had been painted anew a mahogany color, and also 
the altar railing, which altogether made a beaatifiil 
adornment There was also a free will gift from the 
women of the church of a similar fine covering for the 
altar. A list of the givers may be found among the 
church accounts. The principal women who set forward 
this praiseworthy work were William Vanneaman^s 
wife, Mistress Johanna Vanneaman, Mistress Springer; 
Gabriel Springer's wife, and Mistress Hedges an 
English widow, who now lived in Wilmington, and 
was a member of the church. After the sermon was 
ended the subject of a contribution for a stove was 
introduced and it was received favorably, and the next 
English Sunday was designated therefor, which was the 
first of November, and by a free will collection there 
were over eleven pounds raised, and the following days a 
little more was added thereto, wherefore Joseph Stedham 
immediately went up to Philadelphia and bought a 
stove which was set up at the end of the month. 

The 28th of November the vestry met at the priest- 
house and settled the accounts for 1768 and 1769 and 
they were approved. But the old account for the time 
past they put into the hands of a committee to settle up 
on the 19th of December. In pursuance thereof the 
said committee composed of Jonas Stedham, Jr., Swen 
Justis, Peter Vandever, Jr., and John Hindricksson met 
at the priesthouse, and finally in the best way they 
could according to what they could gather from accounts 
as kept, made an end of the troublesome business. 

A. D. 1 77 1. — May 6th the vestry met at the priest- 
house and among other things decided that Jonas and 
Cornelius Stedham should rent the new pew No. 22 
below the pulpit, and of the other new pews that were 
made Mrs. Hedges should rent one-half of the pew No. 


23 on the south or men's side and Gese Bush the whole 
of 23 on the other side, Jacob Dericksson and John 
Welch No. 24, which was the last made. 

Also it was agreed that a kitchen should be built at the 
priest house and a subscription was begun for the pur- 

On the 13th, 14th and 15th, of May this week the church 
was white-limed up to the arch viz: 1770, which was 
now the second time since the church was built. 

Also several loose seats or benches were made for the 

June 23rd after closing Divine service in Swedish, after 
the congregation had been requested to remain in their 

seats I informed them that by a letter from Sweden the sad 
news that the Most High had been pleased to call hence 
by death. His Royal Majesty of Sweden Adolph Fred- 
rick King of Sweden, now of glorious memory worthy, 
and asked if the congregation would as has been custo- 
mary petition the new King Gustavus for the continua- 
tion of the same care and privileges under his reign as had 
been enjoyed by the church under the Glory-worthy 
predecessors. Whereupon the congregation unani- 
mously expressed their hearty thankfulness to the Royal 
House of Sweden and that they would by no means let 
such an opportunity go by without testifying the same, 
and request for their children and posterity the continua- 
tion of the gracious privilege hereafter as heretofore of 
obtaining their pastors from Sweden and to this end 
the following was drawn up, subscribed and sent off the 
i8th of November, together with the petition of the 
ministers and of the congregations reading as follows: 
To His Most Sacred Majesty 

Gustavus, King of Sweden, of the Goths and Vandals 


Heir of Norway, Duke of Sehieswig Holstein Stormani 
and Ditmarschen Count of Oldenburg Delmenhorst etc- 
etc. etc. 

The most humble address of the rector, church- 
wardens and vestry-men of Christina congpregation in 
New Castle county upon Delaware in North America. 

May it please Your Majesty: 

The many Heavenly blessings showered on the 
descendants of the ancient Swedes in this country from 
those illustrious kings that have adorned the throne of 
Sweden, we acknowledge with the warmest sense of 

More especially Sire has the unwearied zeal and 
singular care of your Royal Father in providinjg; for 
our souls the word of truth, so bound and knit our 
hearts unto him that his name has always been precious 
unto it is this day. With hearts yet bleeding for the 
loss of so great a King, a patron and protector of Zion 
permit us Sire to approach your Royal Throne, conde- 
scend to accept of our most cordial condolence with 
your Majesty on the sudden departure of your Royal 
Father together with our sincere congratulations on your 
happy accession to the throne of Sweden. It is only the 
appearance of your Majesty at the helm of so great an 
Empire as of the sun in his strength, that again enlightens 
our darkness, dispels the fogs and mists of sorrow. The 
truly divine virtues that adorn your Sacred person, your 
unparalleled attachment Sire to the noblest rights of your 
native countr>', to the no less joy and delight of your 
happy subjects, than Glory of the North, than envy ot 
Europe, than admiration of the most distant parts of the 
world, gives us the firmest assurance of your Majesty's 
gracious attention to those who though born in another 


country think themselves happy in that their forefathers 
were bom in Sweden. 

Filled with this persuasion, Sire, we venture in the 
most humble manner to implore your royal countenance 
and protection of the Swedish Church in this country, 
and that under your auspicious reign we may continue 
to share the same fatherly care which our ancestors 
have been happy enough for above a century to enjoy 
under the beneficial government of your illustrious pre- 

May the King of Kings bless your Majesty with all 

• public and domestic happiness in this world, and when 

the race is at an end, may your Majesty exchange his 

earthly crown for a Heavenly one that fadeth not away, 

are the ardent wishes and earnest prayers of 

May it please your Majesty 
Yout Majesty's most obedient and 
Most devoted servants. 

In the name and on behalf of 
Christina Congregation, 
Lawrence Gireuus, 

William Von Neamen, 
Peter Vandever, 


On the 2d of October we had the misfortune that the 
hangings of the altar and pulpit, which had only a year 
ago been placed there, were shamefully stolen by a de- 
praved and Godless person, who between one and two 
in the night, broke in through a windpw into the 
church, where there was also a fine altar cover of white 
linen, which was stolen. At the same time the church 
at New Castle suffered the same loss, and soon after St. 


Paul's Church in Philadelphia, had its fine red antiqu ' 
hangings stolen 

From love and reverence for God's house, the before 
mentioned Mrs. Hedges immediately after gave a beau- 
tiful white altar cloth to the church. 

On October 13th, the ministerium and some gentle- 
men of the Wicacoe congregation in their own name 
and in the name of the other churches, called on the 
new Governor, the Honorable Richard Penn, with a 
mutual congratulator>' address, which was very favora- 
bly answered by him and both were inserted in the pub- 
lic papers. 

A.D. 1772. — On the22ndof January the Church C6iin- 
cil or vestry met in the rectory, to settle the accounts of 
the past years and especially of 1770. ^he Churchwarden ^ 
Wm. Vanneamen's account for church reparation of 
roof and pews, &c., which were looked over and ap- 
proved as good and correct, and subscribed, but the 
account of Nils Justisand Justa Walraven for the chuich 
property were given to a committee to settle up, next 
Wednesday the 29th, which was done on the 29th fol- 
lowing, and Jonas Stedham, Jr.. Swen Justis, Peter Van- 
dever, Jr., were the committee men. 

On the 25th of March we had a general parish meet- 
ing in which we laid before the congregation (who com- 
plained that they were left in ignorance how the rector 
and Church Council manage affairs,) the accounts for 
the years that I had been here 1 768, 1769, 1770, and 
also reminded them of some increase of my salary, as 
everything now was nearly twice as dear as four years 
ago. I reminded them of the promise of the vestry that 
when the needed repairs we.e finished on the church, 
the pew money which was left should be given to the 


pastor for the increase of his meager pay, see page 49, 
Sec. 9, and I asked the congregation if they had any- 
thing 'against it, and they answered nothing, and gener- 
ally consented to it; two or three however are always like 
rotten eggs in the nest, and unwilling to help to vvards 
the pastor's salary or support the public religious wor- 
ship (whose names in hope of their improvement,) I will 
not record this time. 

The same day the congregation began a subscription 
for a new bell for the church, which by the XI of May, 
amounted to 35;^ currency, which was sent by Captain 
Falconer to London with directions to purchase one as 
good as he could get for the money, but if it seempd 
best to give 3 or ^£ more than the sum sent, if he will 
advance it the congpregation will make it up when he 
should return with the bell. 

On the 1 2th of April, which was Palm Sunday, I 
preached in Swedish in the forenoon, and in English in 
the afternoon, and after the close of public service I 
gathered the youth in the choir in accordance witn a 
public notification given out some Sundays preceding, 
to examine them in the presence of the whole congre- 
gation, as I had formerly examined in private on week 
days Certain of the older also were questioned, par- 
ticularly on repentance and the Lord's Supper. I^he 
youth who were gathered round about the altar did 
v^ry well in the Catechism, Athenatian creed, and many 
gave beautiful answers out of the little book, the Bap- 
tismal Vow, which I had distributed among them, -see 
page 48, among which were in particular Christina 
Lidenius from my house, Catharine Parlin the late 
Provost Parlin's daughter, Swen Justis' children, Bnta, 
Debora and Anna, Wm. Vanneaman's child Johana, 
John Hendrickson's child Isaac, etc., etc. 


On the 4th of May the Church Council met in the 
church according to the charter, but as there was noth- 
ing in particular to be done, after reading and examin- 
ing the charter, it was resolved not to meet the first 
Monday in May, except it was necessary to elect new 
vestrymen, or something of importance required the 
meeting of the Council. 

November 8th. After the close of Divine service in 
Swedish, the Council informed the congregation that 
the bell which was sent for to London at the expense 
of the congregation, had arrived with Capt. Falkoner, in 
safety, and was now in the church. It was found to be 
four times as large as the old one and gave a very good 
sound, that it was believed might be heard five or six 
miles around if it could be hung properly and suffi- 
ciently high. But where could we hang it? T-he old 
steeple was so rotten that it would be dangerous to hang 
it therein, besides being so low that the church took 
away a great part of the sound on the south side. So 
the pastor suggested a general parish meeting, which 
was agreed to, and appointed the i8th of this month 
when the members of the church came together, though 
not so many as were wished. It was resolved that we 
would try to build a new steeple or tower at the west 
end of the church, and of stone. 

A subscription was started by those present, and i20j(^ 
was raised. It was resolved that in the meantime the 
old steeple should be so repaired that the bell could be 
hung in it for the present, which was done. 

November 9th, I sent 3;^ by Mr. G. Springer to Capt: 
Falkoner to pay what was lacking on the bell. If that 
should not be enough Mr. Springer is to make it up. 

After much labor and riding around among the more 


wealthy parishioners, I have succeeded in getting new 
hangings with all their appurtenances for the pulpit, of 
crimson silk damask, and they are so made that they 
can be taken down by the wardens every time they are 
used and not left in the church to be stolen as the 
others were. Money was also collected for an altar cov- 

The material could not be found in Philadelphia, but 
Mr. Fleeson, the upholsterer, sent to New York. The 
gpreater part of the congpregation are very much pleased. 
The list of those who have given for these as also for 
the bell and the tower (if that shall go* up), shall be 
collected together and deposited with the church acts 
and accounts, so that in time to come it may be seen who 
they were that honored God's house. 

N.B. — The altar coverings were ready the 29th of 
May following, 1773, and were of the same stuflFas that 
on the pulpit. 

December nth, vestry met in the priest-house at 
which time, 

ist. The accounts for the last year, 1771, were ex- 
amined and settled. 

2d. Nils Justis, the attorney resigned his agency for 
time to come, and Peter Petersson wished to withdraw from 
the Church Council before the i6th of January, 1773, 
when the reats for this year would come in. 

Therefore the present trustees or attorneys ought to 
bring in to the vestry a statement of all the church's 
bonds and give an exact account of all the yearly income 
that the church now has, and a new power of attorney 
be drawn up for a future trustee or collector of ground 
rents, &c. , &c. What had thus far been given to two 
men, the pastor believed could now be done by one 


alone, since, finally the accounts have been set on a tol- 
erably good footing. 

It was resolved that for the transaction of the above 
mentioned business, the vestry should meet at the rec- 
tory the 5th of the incoming January. 

3d. John Augusta asked if he might not be released 
from paying burial fees for his father-in-law, John 
Springer, at the rate required of strangers, because he 
had been prevented from frequenting the church by 
blindness, which was assented to, and also for the two 
blind sisters-in-law, when they should die. 

Joseph Stedham exhibited a drawing of the intended 
church tower which was approved of. 

December 12th the new bell was hung in the old 
church steeple. 

A. D. 1773. — January 6th at a meeting of the vestry 
in the parsonage house according to appointment. 

ist Mr. Nils Justis and Justa Wal raven declined as 
joint attorneys for the church, delivered up the book of 
accounts, bonds, etc., to the minister and vestry, and the 
thanks of the vestry being voted to Mr. Nils Justis and 
Justa Walraven for the faithful perfonnance of their 
duty during the 12 yeirs they had been in office, were 
accordingly discharged. 

2d. Mr. Justa Walraven was chosen collector and at- 
torney for the congregation and after the vestry had 
executed to him a power of attorney and taken a bond 
of trust for him for the faithful performance of his office, 
the bonds and book of accounts, etc., were delivered to 
him again. 

3d. Upon a motion being made with the consent and 
pennission of the minister if more English might not 
be preached, and English service oftener perfonned in 


this church at least during the winter season, when on 
account of the roughness of the weather, but few of the 
Old Swedes can go out. After some debate upon this 
matter it was resolved, that henceforth there should be 
English services two Sundays and the third Sunday 
Swedish, during the winter season when the minister 
shall think proper or begin to preach in the afternoon. 

4th. A motion was made that whereas those who by 
birth have a right to the benefits and privileges of this 
church, but by withdrawing themselves from the public 
worship in it without lawful let or impediment for 
months and years and from contributing yearly to the 
support of the minister and upholding of the church, 
have by the ancient laws of this corporation forfeited 
the same, and are ipsofacto not members at all of this 

Whether upon the same principle of justice and equity 
those who cordially join in worship of God in this church 
as many have done for several years past and now do, if 
they should not be invested with those privileges for- 
feited by the former, chiefly be buried, they and their 
children free from paying for breaking of the ground 
as strangers. 

Resolved unanimously that they who are orderly in 
their conduct of good moral life frequent the public 
worship in this church and yearly contribute toward sup- 
port of minister and the church have henceforth though 
not by birth, yet by virtue of this law, a right to be 
buried free from paying for breaking of the ground, 
as long as they continue in the communion of the church 
and perform the before-mentioned duties, they and their 
children forever. 

5th. A motion was made that whereas sundry persons 


generously disposed, have offered considerable benefac- 
tions toward erecting a gallery in the church, but it was 
apprehended the money so offered and to be raised there- 
by would not be sufficient for executing that laudable 
purpose, and whereas there is great want of room and 
great call for pews in the church. It was moved that 
the vestry should grant 50;^ of the estate toward it, and 
that so much the better as the money arising yearly 
from the pews in the gallery would overpay the interes 
on that sum and so the estate lose nothing thereby. 

Resolved, that 50;^ be granted hereby for the purpose 
aforesaid, provided the steeple can be built this year 
where the door should be opened into the gallery, and 
provided also that the deficiency be made up by the 
generously disposed of this congr^egation. If these con- 
ditions be not performed the vestry will not be bound 
by this grant. 

6th. After Mr. Wm. Vanneaman had given up to the 
vestry the lot mortgaged to the church sold at the sheriff^s 
vendue, and bought by him greatly under the sum and 
interest- due on the mortgage to the church, the same was 
offered to Mr. Broom for ^^£ which he accepted. 

August 3rd. At a meeting of the vestry of the incor- 
porated Swedish Church, 

1st. Whereas, Mr. Petersson at the last meeting of 
the vestry desired to be discharged, the vestry proceeded 
to the election of a new vestry-man, when Mr. Gabriel 
Springer was chosen in the room of Peter Petersson. 

2nd. And whereas Peter Vandever Jr. expressed his 
desire to resign as Churchwarden, Mr. Joseph Stedham 
was chosen Churchwarden in his place. 

As it appeared that Joseph Stedham aforesaid, had 
caused the charter of this corporation to be printed, and 


desired to know whether the vestry would take the copies 
and dispose of them paying the printer's bill, or allow 
him to sell them. It was agreed that Mr. Joseph Stid- 
ham may himself dispose of them, as he shall think 

3rd. Mr. Wm. Vanneamam set forth that he could not 
afford to wait upon the church, ring the bell, &c., for 
the small salary of 40shil.a year and only jshil. for every 
graye of those that belong to the congregation, as atten- 
dance on funerals takes up the best part of two days, and 
therefore desired his fees may be increased, which was 
agreed to and resolved that the sexton have hereafter 7^£ 
per annum, and five shillings for every grave of those that 
belong to the congregation, and if any choose to have 
the bell tolled more than once, viz., at the burying of 
the corpse, he shall be paid for that 2S. and 6d. besides. 

4th. Whereas at a general meeting of the congrega- 
tion the 31st of March last, it was agreed that as it 
would be too costly for the congregation to go about 
the building both of the steeple and gallery, the gallery 
should now be begun as soon as possible, thete being 
great want of seats in the church, and for that purpose 
a considerable subscription set on foot whereby the re- 
solve of the 5th of January last is become void. 

Resolved, that Mr. Jonas Stedham and Mr. Joseph 
Stedham be appointed to collect said subscriptions, to 
agree with workmen and superintend the building, like- 
wise agreed that the stairs and door to the gallery be in 
the south porch. 

In consequence hereof, the beginning of the building 
of the galler>' aforesaid, was made on the 23d of August 
next following. 

December 7th, the vestry met in the parsonage to set- 


tie the accounts for last year, 1772, according to an agree- 
ment entered into with the collector or attorney of the 
congregation, to have the accounts ready at or before 
the first Tuesday in December in every year. 

March 25th, 1773. — At a meeting of the congregation 
or a majority of them in the church this day, a motion 
was made that as it appears the members of this society 
have not convenient room in the pews already built, and 
sundry persons being desirous that a subscription should 
be forwarded for the raising of money towards erecting 
or building .a gallery in the west end of said church, in 
order to accommodate those persons who have not pews 
below in the church with seats above in the gallery. 
The same was unanimouslyapproved of, when Jonas Sted- 
ham gnd Joseph Stedham were appointed as managers 
to provide materials and get the said gallery erected or 
built, and in order to defray the expenses of the same, 
a subscription was forwarded, when the following per- 
sons generously gave the sums subscribed to their names 
for the purpose aforesaid: 

Jonas Stedham, Jr., 
Justa Walraven, 
John Hendrickson, 
Peter Vandever, Sr., 
CorneHufi Stedham, 
Joseph Stedham, 
Peter Vandever, Jr. , 
Swen Justis, 
Robert Pierce, 
Joseph Springer, 
John Walsh, 
Joshua Morlonson, 
Gabriel Springer, 
Charles Springer, 
Henry Garretson, 




















I S. d. 

John Fonstise, 300 

Zacharias Derickson. 300 

William Vanneaman, 300 

Jonas Stedham, Clk., 300 

Joseph Gilpin, Jr., . 300 

Jacob Derrickson, 300 

Thomas Gilpin, Jr., 300 

Peter Panlson, 200 

Ralph Walker, • 200 

Israel Gilpin, 280 

John Stedham, 2 o o 

Morton Morton, 2 o o 

David Bush, i 10 o 

Thomas Kean, i 10 o 

Andrew Anderson, 100 

John Sparry 150 

Peter Wolbough, 100 

Joseph Elliott, i 10 o 

Benjamin Eiliott, 100 

John Paulson, 200 

Solomon Springer, 100 

Conrad Garretson, 100 

John Conwill, 100 

Matthias Gennit, 100 

Lucas Walraven, 100 

James Broom, 100 

Peter Springer, 100 

Mary Derricson, o 12 o 

David Try on, i 10 o 

Jacobus Wains, o 10 o 

Thomas Rawlings, 200 

Henry Colesberg, 100 

Robert Pierce, Jr., o 10 o 

Jacob Anderson, 150 

William Nark , 100 

Elias Reed, o 15 o 

Henry Webster, ^ o 15 o 

Jacob Colesberg, i o o 






Lucas Alrickes, 




Cornelius Wains, 




Joseph Hodges, 




Elijah Wootten, 




Andrew Vanneaman, 




John Huggins, 




Joseph Lawson, 




Abram Vaneman, 




Charles Springer Jarson, 




William Sharpley, 




Daniel Sharpley, 




Johnathan Rumford, 




Andrew Vanneaman, 




John Stilly, 




John Run, 




Charles Paulson, 




Samuel Bush, 




Jacob Broom, 




Swen Colesburg, 




John Haes, 




Henry Sinex, 




Amount, 135 7 o 

A. D. 1774, February 23rd. — The vestry met in the 
church to consider the letting of the pews in the gallery, 
which was now finished, containing twenty-five good 
pews. This day it was proposed to me by the vestry to 
receive from the pew money a certain yearly sum and 
leave to them the letting out of the pews at their discre- 
lion, to which I readily consented, signifying at the same 
time, that as the pew money was chiefly owing to my 
zeal, labor and industry, under the blessing of God, 
whereby the church has received such considerable 
increase, I expected the vestry would not think the 
whole of it too much, which would be not much ovir 


fifty pounds, and considering that everything was now 
one-third dearer than some years ago. However, the 
vestry desired to take the matter into consideration, 

March 8th. The vestry offered to give me yearly out 
of the pew money £^o^ so that with the ;^ioo from the 
ground rents the yearly salary should amount to £i^o 
per annum. To which I consented on condition of 
having the purse money at my disposal for communion 
wine, wafers, washing the surplices, etc., as heretofore 
usual, and that the vestry give some allowance for back- 
standing pew money to this day, that cannot be collected. 
The same day the vestry agreed that as to the manner 
of disposing of the pews in the gallery, they who had 
subscribed most toward it, had the right to choose first, 
and if two or more that had subscribed the same, could 
not agree otherwise, they may cast lots for the first 
choice. The 22nd inst. was appointed for this purpose, 
and Wm Vanneaman, Joseph Stedham, Jonas Stedham, 
and Justa Walraven were appointed to attend and see 
thib resolution executed. 

May 2nd. At a meeting of the vestry in the church, 
Mr. Cornelius Stedham was chosen vestryman in the 
room of Mr. Nils Justis, who declined, and Andrew 
Vanneaman was appointed sexton in the place of Wm. 

August 8th. A window was cut out on the west 
gable end of the church to give some air and light to 
the gallery, 

A. D. 1775. — January nth. The vestry met at the 
parsonage to settle the accounts for the year 1773. 

March 29th. Application was made to me by the Hon. 
Harry Gordon, Esq.^ by letter, dated Birmingham, March 


27th, for separate certificates of the following matters^ 
viz\ Of the baptism of Peter Gordon, son of Harr>' 
Gordon and Hannah Meredith, of the baptism of James 
Gordon, son as above of the marriage of the said Harry 
Gordon and Hannah Meredith, as entered upon the 
record of this church. The certificates attested by two 
of the vestry are here recorded at the desire of the said 
Harry Gordon, and were as follows: Peter Gordon, son 
of Harry Gordon and Hannah Meredith, bom December 
7th, A. D. 1759, baptized March 25th, 1761, by the late 
Rev. Andrew Borell, then Rector of the Swedish Church 
called Trinity Church in Wilmington, on Christiana in 
New Castle County, North America, in witness whereof 
I have hereunto set my hand and caused the corporation 
seal of said congregation to be hereunto affixed at Wil- 
mington aforesaid, the first day of April in the year of 
our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and seventy- 

James Gordon son of Harry Lawrence Girelius and 
Hannah Gordon, bom August 3rd, 1763, was baptized 
the i8th of October following, by as above, etc. 

These are to certify whom it may concern that 
Harry Gordon and Hannah Meredith were lawfully 
joined together in the holy state of matrimony and pro- 
nounced man and wife on the 4th day of May, in the 
year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and 
sixty-three, by the late Rev. Andrew Borell, then 
rector of the Swedish Church called Trinity Church, 
in the Borough of Wilmington, New Castle County and 
North America, as appeareth from the record kept at 
said church. In witness whereof I have hereunto set 
my name and caused the corporation seal of said cqp- 
gregation to be hereunto affixed at Wilmington afore- 


said, the first day of April, in the year of our Lord, one 
thousand seven hundred and seventy-five. 

Lawrence Gireuus, 
Present Rector. 
We whose names are underwritten do certify that the 
above is a true extract from the records of the church 
there mentioned. 

William Vanneamen, 

Church Warden. 
Gabriel Springer, 

May loth, a meeting of the vestry in the parsonage, 
and it was agreed that Andrew Vanneaman continue 
to be sexton, and Abram Ford clerk, both to be paid out 
of the pew money, 3;^ each. 

The minister once more put the vestry in mind of a 
kitchen to the parsonage which is so much wanted in 
every family, and of the repeated promises of the vestry 
to get one built, thinking that as the church (which has 
always been the first object of his care) was now, thank 
God, in good order, it would be time to look a little 
after the convenience if not necessity of the minister. 
But the vestry desired to be excused this time in con- 
sideration of the unsettled situation of our public affairs, 
hoping the minister would be contented till we could 
see what turn things would take towards the end of 
summer or next year. 

December 20th, the vestry met at the parsonage and 
settled the accounts for last year, 1774. 

A. D. 1776 and 1777, August 27th. Two companies 
of militia soldiers were quartered in the church, which 
made ali public worship cease till the 8th of September, 
when the British commanding officer Colonel McDonald 


sent an officer and ordered me to perform Divine service 
for his men. 

A. D. 1778, June 25th. — The vestry met at the par. 
sonage when I settled my accounts with them until the 
5th of April last, the day when my salary commenced 
after the death of the late Rev. Andrew Borell, the 3rd 
of April 1768, being exactly ten years for which they 
were in debt to me for ground rents, which these two 
last years I have deferred collecting on account of the 
depreciated currency, above one hundred pounds, which 
was paid to me by giving me back my bond to them for 
52;^ and by giving their bond to Dr. McKiugly for 45;^ 
which I owed him, making in the whole ^'j£ which is 
to be made good to them from the ground rents as soon 
as the currency gets either dead or into better credit. 

Instead of the interest on ^2£ for about seven years 
which amounted to 22;^, I bestowed oil them all the 
repairs on the parsonage to this day, together with 
a small kitchen I had built at my own expense and 
with twice the interest of the money. 

A. D. 1779. April 5th, being second day after Easter, 
after service was over I informed the congregation that 
I had liberty to return home; that everything here even 
in hard money was two or three prices, and that my 
salary was by no means sufficient for me to live upon I 
was therefore detennined to try for a passage, and I 
advertized the same day iny goods to be sold, and 
actually sold the following days a good many things, as 

tables, chairs, looking-glasses, etc., for specie. 


A few days after the vestry having met at Justa Wal- 
raven's, sent two of their body, Justa Walraven and 
Swen Justis to ask if I could not be prevailed upon to 
continue with them, and if that was the case what was 


the lowest I could live upon, alleging they would do 
everything in their power as far as reasonably could be 
expected to accomodate me rather than let me go at 
this time. After having taken the same into considera- 
tion a few days, I answered them that I would be con- 
tented with 200;£^ in all, ground rents and pew money 
included, leaving the whole at their own disposal which 
was agreed to and the same year there was collected 
by subscription only 200 pounds 

A. D. 1780. — The first Monday in May the vestry met 
in the church and agreed to enclose the burying ground 
and the lot belonging to the parsonage, which was im- 
mediately done. 

A. D. 1781, May 7th. — The vestry met at the church 
agreeable to charter^ proceeded to the election of a 
churchwarden in the room of Mr. Gabriel Springer and 
Joshua Mortonson was unanimously chosen. 

A. D. 1782, April ist. — The vestry having met at the ' 
parsonage, I laid before them the last letters from the 
Right Reverend Archbishop and the consistory of Upsala, 
which contained a permission for me and Mr. Gorranson 
to return to our native country, and stated that the King 
had made the following alteration in the affairs of this 
mission. That for the future if the congregations choose 
ministers from Sweden, they pay their travelling ex- 
penses from London and when they return to London 
again, the King promising to defray expenses betwixt 
Sweden and London. And for the future no salary be 
given to the commissary or provost as heretofore, but 
that the salary which Mr. Collin has is by special grace 
and to cease with him, yet for the encouragement of the 
congregations he would continue the salary for the 
assistant minister (or Extraordinarius as he is called,) 


and defray the whole of his passage whenever wanting. 

The vestry was asked what they thought of it, and if 
I should be under the necessity of taking the King's 
gracious permission and go home this year, especially 
as the salary was, considering the times very insufficient 
for me, and if they were willing to call another or have 
another sent to them upon those conditions, &c. , &c. 

The vestry desiring to take this into consideration, 
resolved to meet at Mr. Lawson's on the i8th to deter- 
mine what they would do, hoping mean whilethat there 
would be no necessity for it at present, but that the min- 
ister would content himself with what he had, and do 
with it as well as he could, as they were obliged to put 
up with many inconveniences and difficulties these 
troublesome times, trusting to God that it will get bet- 
ter after awhile, &c. 

Accordingly, the vestry being met at Mr. Lawson's 
on the i8th, reported that if the minister should conclude 
to go home (which by-the-bye they hoped he would not 
do, at least not at this time,) that their hearty thanks 
might be expressed to the King for his gracious care for 
the salvation of their souls, requesting that whenever 
the present minister shall go, another Godly Divine, at 
least tolerably well acquainted with the English tongue, 
might be sent to them, for whom they are willing to pay 
expenses from London. 

But to prevent any misunderstanding for the future 
with respect to the salary, seeing what the present 
minister has above or more than ;^ic)0, which is the 
yearly income from the church lands, depends entirely 
on the good will of the people, and the talents and 
abilities of the minister to keep a large congregation 
together, the vestry could not insure a successor more 
than the above mentioned ;^ic)0, not doubting, however, 
but that the same may be increased in proportion by the 


minister's zeal, assiduity, care, gifts and abilities. 
And the minister trusting to God for better times, 
and in hopes that the congregation would do what was 
reasonable and just towards the support of his family, 
consented to continue with them as long as God pleaseth. 
May 6th. The vestry met at the church, agreeably 
to the charter, and proceeded to the election of onie 
churchwarden and two vestrymen in the room of Joseph 
Springer, Senior, and John Springer who resigned 
when Andrew Vanneaman was unanimously choocn 
churchwarden, and Charles Springer Josephson was 
elected in the room of his father, vestryman, and after 
some debate whether Joseph Stedham should not be 
chosen in the room of John Stedham, to which the 
minister objected as being improper on account of his 
not being at this time a professing member of the church, 
nor had for several years past contributed any towards 
it, etc. , etc. Charles Springer was unanimously elected. 
So that the minister, churchwarden and vestrymen 
agreeable to charter, are at present 


Lawrence Girelius. 
churchwardens, * 
William Vanneaman and Andrew Vanneaman. 


JusTA Walraven, 
Jonas Stedham, Sen., 
John Hindrickson, 
Joshua Mortonson, 
Swain Justice, 
Peter Vandever, Sen., 
Cornelius Stedham, 
Charles Springer Josephson, 
Charles Paulson. 



A. D. 1 783.-^ April 4th the vestry met at the parsonage 
and settled with the minister for the two last years and at 
the same time agreed that a kitchen be built for the par- 
sonage, and that the parsonage house be put in tenant- 
able repair. Chietly, that all the windows be glazed, 
puttied and painted, and a window put in the place of the 
old balcony door, and the balcony taken down etc. , but 
left to the discretion of the minister and carpenter Peter 

Accordingly the repairs on the house began the 21st 
August, and October 7th Andrew Vanneaman began 
work on the kitchen. The 13th, 14th, and 15th of Octo- 
ber the; cellar was dug out; Swain Justis sent his servant 
man two days, Justa Walraven his man three days, 
Jacob Robeson his man one day; Jonas Stedham Jr. his 
lad two days, and I for my part hired one man for three 

October i6th, the first foundation-stone for the kitchen 
was laid. December 31st it was covered in with 
roof, windows, doors, staircases, one floor below, together 
with partitions, and loose boards were laid as a floor 
above, so that it cpuld be made use of for a kitchen, but 
we had not bricks enough to raise the chimney suflfi- 
ciently high to prevent smoking. 

A. D. 1784. — February 26th, the vestry met at Mr. 
Lawson's for the settling of accounts. 

The same day the minister laid before them a pro- 
posal for the better letting out, and renting of pews in 
the church, which was approved of, and Mr. Justa Wal- 
raven, Jonas Stedham, John Hendrickson, and William 
Vanneaman, were chosen a committee to meet at the 
church this day week to put the same in execution. 
The yearly income of the pews will amount to upwards 


of 150;^, out of which the minister receives lOO;^, the 
remainder is disposed of as the vestry directs with the 
consent of the minister. 

May 3rd, the vestry being met in the church agree- 
able to charter, Mr. Jacob Broom, Esq., was chosen 
vestryman in the place of Peter Vandever, Sen., 
lately deceased. 

The same day the minister informed the vestry that 
the Rev. Mr. Collin, Rector of Racoon and Pennsneck 
Churches, and the Rev. Mr. Hulsgoren, Rector of 
Wicacoe, requested the attendance of the vestry here in 
the church the 14th inst., when the minister would 
attend to receive the sentiinents of this congregation 
with respect to bestowing traveling expenses to and 
from London for their ministers, for the future, accord- 
ing to the last resolve of the King of Sweden. 

Resolved unanimously that whereas this matter was 
already canvassed and agreed upon in the vestry two 
years ago the nth of April, 1782, that the minutes of 
that day be read and again taken into consideration, 
whereupon it was unanimously resolved to abide by the 
contents thereof, and that a copy of said minutes be 
fairly drawn out, signed by the minister and church- 
wardens, in .order to be delivered to the Reverend 
Ministry of the Swedish congregations in America at 
their next meeting. 

November 19th, a majority of the vestry being met 
at Mr. Lawson's agreeable to appointment, a variety 
of business came under consideration, but it was con- 
cluded that the whole vestry would be necessary for set- 
tling all afiairs, motions and things belonging to this 
corporation; besides the time for settling accounts is 
by their by-laws fixed for the first Tuesday in Decem- 
ber, which will be next Tuesday come two weeks. 

It was therefore unanimously resolved that the vestr>' 


do meet at Mr. Lawson's the day above mentioned, 
the first Tuesday in December, at lo a. m. , precisely, 
without fail, and that the minister give notice thereof 
the two preceding Sundays. 

And all who have any demands or accounts against 
said corporation do bring them in, at the time and place 
aforesaid, fairly drawn out and properly authenticated, 
with requisite vouchers, in order to their being settled 
and paid, as soon as conveniently may be, and those 
who are in debt to the corporation by pew rents, ground 
rents, interest and otherwise for last year, or any of the 
preceding years, are requested to discharge the same 
forthwith in order to prevent further trouble. 

December 7th, agreeably to the above resolution the 
vestry met at Mr. Lawson's and settled all the accounts 
for the last year, 1783. 

A. D. 1785, May 2nd. — The vestry met in the church 
for the purpose of choosing and electing a vestryman in 
the place of Joseph Mortonson, who had resigned when 
William Stedham was (Jeclared duly elected. 

The minister, church- wardens and vestrymen agreea- 
ble to charter therefore are as follows: 


Rev. Lawrence Girelius. 


William Vanneamen, 
Andrew Vanneamen. 


Justa Walraven, 
Jonas Stedham, Sr. , 
John Hendrickson, 
Swain Justis, 
Cornelius Stedham, 
Charles Springer Josephson, 
Charles Paulson, 
JACOB Broom, 
William Stidham. 


[Copy of the letter of Archbishop Uno Von Troil, 
giving the Swedish ministers leave to return to Sweden.] 

To the Swedish congregations in America, grace and 
blessing from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ 
through the Holy Ghost. 

The death of the late Archbishop Doctor Unander, 
with many other circumstances which have hindered 
the laying before the King the business relating to the 
American congregations, are the reasons why the letter 
of the congregations through their ministry of the i6th 
of June, 1786 has not been answered before. 

But since I have now had the opportunity of laying 
before my Gracious Sovereign and Lord the writing of 
the congregations, His Majesty has been graciously 
pleased to receive with pleasure the acknowledgement 
of the congregations for his as well as his Royal prede- 
cessors of glorious memory, tenderness and care for the 
spiritual welfare of the Swedish congregations in Amer- 
ica, and as His Majesty also finds the reasons sufficient 
for what the congregations would prefer hereafter, to 
choose themselves teachers from the natives of their 
country, than that they should be sent to them from 
Sweden. His l^lajesty has ordered and directed me to 
give the proposition of the congregations His Royal ap- 
probation and assent. 

In consequence whereof, the in America, yet remain- 
ing Swedish ministers, Provosts L. Girelius and H. 
Collin have received His Majesty's gracious permission 
to return their native country whenever their cir- 
cumstances shall render it most convenient for them. 

The King my Sovereign, still wishes with the love he 
bears to the Swedish name that the members of the con- 
gregations who are for the most part the offspring of 


Sweden, may ever jointly and severally enjoy all manner 
of felicity, spiritual and temporal, and would have them 
at all times, be assured of His Royal favor and benevo- 

In like manner my sincere wish and earnest prayer 
shall, be that God with his grace may embrace the mem- 
bers of the respective congregations, and that the gospel 
light which under Divine Providence was first kindled 
in those parts by the tender affection of Swedish Kings, 
and the- zealous endeavors of Swedish teachers, may 
there, while days are numbered, shine in perfect bright- 
ness and bring forth fruit to everlasting life. 

That the Grace of our Lord Jesus with the love of 
God and the fellowship of the Holy Ghost be with you 
all. Wisheth most heartily. 

Your constant well-wisher, 
Uno Von Troil. 

On the 29th of November, 1794, a meeting of the 
congregation was held with reference to obtaining some 
alterations of the charter thought necessary on account of 
the altered condition of the congregation in regard to 
calling and supporting a minister, etc., and a committee 
of five members was chosen and appointed to make out a 
list of members who should sign a petition to the legisla- 
ture of Delaware at their next session for that purpose. 

The committee was composed of the following mem- 
bers, viz: William Vanneman, Jonas Stidham, John 
Hendrickson, Cornelius Stidham and John Lynam. 

January 15th, 1795 — The committee selected by the 
congregation on the 29th of November 1794, to make a 
list of members for the alteration of the charter reported 
the following names : 

William Vanneman, Hance Naff, Senior, 

Jonas Stidham. Senior, Peter Davis, 

Isaac Stidham, John Vandever, Senior, 



Lucas Stidham, 

Charles Springfer & Sons, 

Hance Naff, 

Peter Vandever, 

Aaron Justis, 

Abner Justis, 

Isaac Hendrickson, 

John Walraven. 

William Pluright, 

William Stedham, 

James Eves, 

John Stilly, Sen., and Sons, 

John Stilly, Jr., 

Robert Little, 

Cornelius Haines, 

Joseph Lawson, 

Joshua McLean, 

Peter Walraven, 

John Lynam and Sons, 

John Stidham and Sons, 

Charles Springer, Jr. and Sons, 

Jacob Broom, 

Cornelius Stedham and Sons, 

Jonas Stidham, Jr., 

Jacob Colesburg and Sons, 

William Tussy and Sons, 

Jacob Derickson, 

William Derickson, 

Jacob Justis, 

Henry Garritson and Son, 

Hance Stampeart, 

Henry Sinex, Jr., 

John Sperry, 

Joseph Springer, 

John Hendrickson and Sons, 

Charles Paulson and Sons, 

John Flinn, 

David Hendrickson, 

Peter Paulson and Sons, 

Andrew Colesberg, 

John Justis, 

Jonas Justis, 

Peter Brynberg, 

John Brynberg, 

Jacob Robinson, 

Henry Naff, 

Benjamin Eliot, 

John Vandever, Jr. , 

Lucas Walraven, 

John Husbands, 

Zacharias Derickson and Sons. 

William Vanneman, 
Jonas Stidham, 
John Hendrickson, 
Cornelius Stidham, 
John Lynam, 


January, 15, 1795. 

An act supplementary to an act 'entitled **An Act to redress 
the misemployment of lands and stocks of money heretofore 
given and purchased for the use of the minister of the Swedes 
Lutheran Church, called Trinity Church in the Borough of Wil- 
mington and county of New Castle, and for the incorporating the 


minister, church- wardens and vestry-men of thesaid church." 
Whereas, the Swedes Lutheran Church, called Trinity Church 
in the Borough of Wilmington, in the county of New Castle, in 
the State of Delaware was of Swedish foundation and hath here- 
tofore been filled by missionaries from the Swedish government 
to whom an annual stipend was paid by that government; and 
whereas the knowledge of the Swedish language amongst the 
members of said church hath become extinct, and the mission 
from Sweden hath ceased for sometime past which hath induced 
the propriety of excluding the clergyman for the time being 
whose situation is not permanent from a participation in the 
management of the temporalities of the said church; and where- 
as divers other alterations, additions and amendments to the said 
act to which this is a supplement Lave become necessary from a 
change of circumstances, for the benefit of the congregation of 
the said church. 

1 . Be it therefore enacted, By the Senate and House of Repre- 
sentatives of the State of Delaware, in General Assembly met, 
that the name and style, of the body politick and corporate of 
the Swedes trUtheran Church, called Trinity Church in the 
Borough of Wilmington, shall be altered and changed, and the 
said body politick and corporate shall forever-after stand, be 
established and incorporated in name and in deed one body poli- 
tick and corporate, to have contiuance forever, by the name of 
the vestry-men and churchwardens of the Swedes Lutheran 
Church called Trinity Church in the Borough of Wilmington, 
and that the said vestry-men and churchwardens shall have 
perpetual succession, and by the said name, are hereby declared 
and made able and capable in law and equity to have, hold, pur- 
chase, take, accept, receive, possess, enjoy and retain to them 
and their successors, an estate or estates in lands, tenements and 
hereditaments and personal property, with all the .powers and 
under the same restrictions as are contained in the original law 
of incorporation to which this is a supplement, and that the said 
corporation by that name be, and hereafter shall be capable in law 
to sue and be sued, implead and be impleaded, answer and be 
answered unto, defend and be defended in courts of law and equity, 
or any other place whatsoever, and to do and execute, all and 
singular other matters and things which bodies politick and 


corporate lawfully may do; and also to make, have, and use a 
common seal, and the same to break, alter and renew at their 
pleasure. , ^ 

And be it further enacted, That from and after the first Monday 
in March next, the said vestrymen shall be persons consisting of 
nine in number, chosen by the members of the said church, 
from amongst themselves on the first Monday in March next for 
three years; atfd the said churchwardens shall be persons con- 
sisting of two in number, chosen by the members of the said 
church from amongst themselves, on the said first Monday in 
March next, and annually on every first Monday in March 
happening in each year thereafter; and that immediately after 
the said vestrymen and churchwardens shall be assembled in 
consequence of their first election, the said vestrymen shall be 
equally divided into three classes, and the seats of the vestry- 
men of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the 
first year, of the second class at the expiration of the second 
year, and of the third class at the expiration of the third year, 
so that one-third part of the vestrymen of the said church may 
be chosen every year after the first Monday in March next; and 
if vacancies happen they shall be filled by the members of the 
said church at any time in manner aforesaid. Provided always. 
That ten days notice, according to the mode to be prescribed by 
ordinance of the said corporation, be given to the members of the 
said church of the time of the annual and, every other election 
and choice to be made as aforesaid; and if the annual election or 
choice to be made as aforesaid, be not by reason of accident or 
other occurrence made, such annual election or choice may be 
made at any other convenient time, whereof notice shall be given 
as aforesaid. 

And be it further enacted, That a majority of the members of 
the said church, assembled pursuant to notice given as aforesaid, 
shall and may compose, and make the said election and choice; 
and that the said election and choice shall be holden, and made 
at Trinity Church aforesaid, unless a diflFerent place shall be 
specified in the notice to be given as aforesaid, and that the 
mode or manner of voting at the said election or choice to be 
made as aforesaid, shall be bv ballot; and such election or choice 


shall be conducted and managed according to rules to be pre- 
scribed by ordinance of the said corporation. 

Provided always, nevertheless, And it is further enacted, that 
the committee appointed on the 29th day of November last past, 
namely William Vanneaman, Jonas Stidham, John Hendrickson, 
Cornelius Stidham and John Lynam, to determine and report 
on the right of membership of, and in, Trinity Church aforesaid, 
or any three of the same persons, be, and are here impowered 
and authorized to hold and superintend the election to be holden 
on the first Monday or after, in March next, and choose for that 
purpose inspectors, which inspectors hall not be at liberty to 
receive the votes of other persons than those who are reported by 
the said committee, to be members of the said Trinity Church. 

And be it^ further enacted. That the vestrymen and church- 
wardens shall have full power to choose and appoint for one year, 
and so from year to year forever after, a preacher or minister 
to fill the said church, and all subordinate officers of said church; 
Provided always. That such preacher or minister be ordained 
according to the ordination of the Lutheran, or Episcopal Church, 
and hold his faith in unity with the doctrines of the same. 

And be it further enacted, That the preacher or minister for 
the time being, shall be deemed always to be a member of the 
vestry of the said church in relation to any matters, affairs or 
regulations, with respect to the discipline and spiritual concerns 
of the said church. 

And be it further enacted. That the vestrymen and church- 
wardens aforesaid shall be, and are hereby made capable of exer- 
cising such powers for the well governing and ordering the said 
corporation, and the affairs and business thereof, and of holding 
such occasional meetings for that purpose, as have been, or shall 
be fixed, described and determined, by laws, regulations and 
ordinances of the said corporation. 

And be it further enacted, That the said corporation may, and 
are hereby empowered to make, ordain and establish such laws, 
regulations and ordinances, as to them, or a majority of them, 
shall and may seem necessary and convenient for the govern- 
ment of the said corporation. 

Provided always, nevertheless. That nothing herein contained 


shall be construed to authorize the said corporation to exercise 
any powers repugnant or contrary to the constitution of this 
State, or any law thereof, except an act of the legislature of this 
State, entitled * 'An Act to enable all the religious denominations 
of this State to appoint trustees, who shall be a body corporate, 
for the purpose of taking care of the temporalities of their 
respective congregations; which same act, so far as it may aflFect, 
relate or be construed to extend to the corporation of Trinity 
Church aforesaid, or to any laws or ordinances made by that 
corporation, shall be, and is hereby declared to be repealed, and 
rendered null and void to all intents and purposes, and 

Whereas, the corporation of Trinity church, aforesaid, 
under the original act of incorporation aforesaid, have under- 
taken to contract with a certain Robert Phillips for the absolute 
sale to him of a certain plantation and tract of land situate in 
Christiana Hundred, in the county aforesaid, containing about 
one hundred and sixty acres, more or less, in consideration of 
five pounds two sliillings and nine pence per acre, and also with 
a certain Peter Boudwy for the absolute sale to him of a 
piece or parcel of marsh situate in the New Port marshes in the 
same hundred containing seven acres, more or less, in consider- 
ation of twenty pounds per acre, the said plantation and marsh 
being the property of the said corporation. And whereas, it will 
redound greatly to the benefit and advantage of the said corpor- 
ation, if they be authorized and impowered to convey, by law- 
ful conveyances the aforesaid plantation and piece of marsh to 
the respective purchasers aforesaid, for the several considerations 
aforesaid, by the name derived and given to the said corporation 
by this act. 

Be it therefore enacted. The corporation of Trinity Church 
aforesaid, by the name given to the said corporation by this act. 
be, and are hereby authorized and impowered by conveyance, 
under their corporate seal, to convey and assure the herein before 
mentioned and recited plantation and tract of land to the afore- 
said Robert Phillips, his heirs and assigns forever, for the con- 
sideration aforesaidf pursuant to the contract of sale first before 
mentioned and also by conveyance under their corporate seal to 
convey and assure the herein before recited piece or parcel of 


marsh to the aforesaid Peter Boudwy, his heirs and assigns for- 
ever for the consideration, and pursuant to the contract of sale 
last, before mentioned. 

And be it further enacted, That the moneys arising and to be 
recovered from the sales of the said plantation and parcel of 
marsh, shall be let out on loan to be secured by way of mort- 
gage, so as to produce, annually, legal interest for the same, or 
be vested in lands in such manner as may be deemed most 
advantageous by the said corporation; .and that the yearly 
produce, rents and profits of all real and personal property 
already vested in, or to be purchased, gotten, received or acquired 
by the said corporation, shall be used and disposed by the said 
corporation for the repairing, amending and upholding the said 
church and for the support of the said minister for the time 
being, and of the subordinate church officers, and for such other 
purposes for the use of the said church as the corporation afore- 
said shall and may direct, and shall not be converted or employed 
to any private use or any other use whatever. Provided, always. 
That nothing in this act contained, shall be construed or taken to 
repeal the herein before mentioned original act, incorporating 
the minister, vestrymen and churchwardens of the said church, 
except so far as the same act may be by this act altered, amended, 
added to or supplied. 

Peter Lowber, 

Speaker of the House of Representatives. 

Daniei. Rogers, 

Dover, February 7th, 1795. Speaker of the Senate. 

A list of the names of those persons who voted for vestrymen 
and church- wardens, in Trinity Church, the first Monday in 
June, one thousand, seven hundred and ninety-five. 

David Hendrickson. Henry Garretson, 

Peter Vandever, John Flinn, 

Isaac Hendrickson, John Stilley, 

John Vandever, Sr. John Lynam. ^ 

John Robnet, John Harper, 

David Bush, John Justis, 

Charles Springer. Sr., Jacob Robinson, 



John Brynberg, 
William Vaneman, 
Robert Little, 
Joseph Lynam, 
Hance Stampeart, 
Zacharias Dericksoa, 
James Ross, 
David Lynam, 
Jacob Derickson, 
Levi Springer, 
John Stidham, Jr., 
Peter Walraven, 
Thomas Ramsey, 
James McCullom, 
John Eliot, 
Charles Springer, Jr. 
Cornelius Hains, 
Hance NaflF, 
John Hendrickson, Jr., 

John Springer, 

Abner Justis, 

David Stidham, 

Robert Robinson, 

Wm. Sharpley. 

Peter Davis, 

John Sperry, 

Jacob Colesberg. 

John Stidham, 

Benjamin Eliot, 

Cornelius Stidham, 

Henry Senez, Sr., 

Peter Garretson, 

Wm. Stidham, Jr., 

Joseph Springer, 

Jonas Stidham, Jr., 

Jonas Stidham, the younger. 

John Armstrong, 

Aaron Justis. 

John Walraven, 

A. D. 1795. — According to law an election for ves- 
trymen and churchwardens being held at Trinity Church 
on the 2nd day of March, 1795, by the congregation of 
said church, the following persons were duly elected for 
vestrymen: John Brynberg, Peter Vandever, John 
Lynam, John Stedham, Peter Paulson, Jacob Robinson, 
David Hendrickson, Benjamin Elliott and Isaac Sted- 
ham, and for Churchwardens, Hance Naff and Henry 
Garetson, attested by William Vaneman, John Hen- 
drickson and John Lynam, of committee to hold and 
superintend the election, and Isaac Hendrickson and 
John Brynberg inspectors. 

The vestrymen and churchwardens of Trinity Church, 
in the Borough of Wilmington, met at Jessy Harresse's 
on Saturday, March 7th, 1795. There were present 
Messrs Vandever, Stedham, Paulson, Lynam, Bliot, 
Hendrickson, Stedham, Brynberg, Garetson and Naff. 


The vestry classed themselves by lot as followeth, viz: 

first class: 
Isaac Stkdham, David Hendrickson, Jacob Robinson. 

SECOND class: 

Benjamin Eliott, John Stedham, John Lynam. 

third class: 
Peter Vandever, Peter Paulson, John Brynberg. 

Attested by Hance NafF and Henry Garretson wardens. 

They appointed Benjamin Eliot, Isaac Stedham and 

John Brynberg a committee to wait on the Rev. Joseph 

ClarWson, give him a call to supply Trinity Church for 

the ensuing year, and inquire his demand to officiate. 

Note. — Mr. Clarkson had officiated since 1792, but under the 
amended charter they were to engage their pastor from year to 

The committee appointed to wait on Mr. CUrkson. report that 
he demands 225^ salary for the ensuing year. Agreed by the 
majority to make Mr. Clarkson's salary 175^, and that Hance 
Naff wait on him and inform him ol it. Agreed unanimously 
to make the salary of Peter Davis 20/, to execute the duties of 

On Januar>^ ist, 1796, according to notice given, an 
election was held in Trinity Church by a majority of the 
congregation, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the 
death of John Stedham, when Peter Walraven was duly 

The minister, vestry, wardens and committee assembled 
in Trinity Church, Thursday, February nth, 1796. 
They discussed the sketch of ordinances that was read to 
the congregation, article by article. The first article 
which respects a right of membership, was passed by as 
being the prerogative of the vestry and wardens to 


The 2nd, respects giving the minister notice before he 
is to leave Trinity Church. It was agreed that he should 
have and should give six months notice. 

The 3d, which respects brother going to law with 
brother, &c. It was agreed that an amicable settlement 
of controversies should be recommended by the minis- 
ters, vestry and wardens, and entered into by the con- 
gregation in the form of an association. Adjourned. 

The vestry and wardens of Trinity Church assembled 
in said church on Saturday, March 5th, 1796, it being 
quarterly meeting. Present, Messrs. Hendrickson, Van- 
dever, Paulson, Eliot, Robinson, Stidham, Brynberg and 

John Justis presented his account against the corpora- 
tion containing expenditures of him and William Stid- 
ham, Esqs. , in a tour to Dover, for the congregation of 
Trinity Church. His account was acknowledged, but 
not finally settled. A debate took place on the manner 
of paying for the printing of the charter of incorpora- 
tion and supplement, but was not determined. 

They likewise took into consideration a right of mem- 
bership of Trinity Church. They declared that all 
those persons that were admitted to vote by the commit- 
tee nominated to superintend the election of March, 
1795, should still have a right to vote. Also the sons of 
those, who have since arrived to the age of 21. Also that 
any free wliite male person supporting a moral character, 
professing the Lutheran or Espiscopal faith, who have 
entered into the communion of Trinity Church, taken 
a seat in said church and has paid a contribution to the 
support of the ministry one year previous to an annual 
election, shall have a right to vote. Likewise any per- 
son of the above description, who has been estimated a 


reputable member for four years shall have a right to be 
voted for as vestrymen or wardens. Adjourned. 

According to the direction of the supplement to the 
charter of incorporation, the seats of the vestrymen of 
the first-class i. e. , Jacob Robinson, David Hendrickson and 
Isaac Stidham; also, the wardens, Hance NafF and 
Henry Garretson, became vacated on the 6th of March, 
1796, it being the expiration of the first year. An elec- 
tion of the congregation to fill those vacancies, was held 
in Trinity Church, on Monday, March 7th, 1796, and 
the old members were re-elected. 

The vestrymen and wardens of Trinity Church assem- 
bled in said church, Saturday, March 19th. Present, 
Messrs. Hendrickson, Vandever, Lynam, Robinson, 
Paulson, Brynberg, Wal raven, Stidham, Naff and Gar- 

They voted the minister's salary for the ensuing year 
to be 200;^, provided he discharged ministerial duties. 

They appointed Peter Vandever and John Brynberg 
trustees for the ensuing year, and Hance Naff to collect 
the ground rents. 

They allowed the sexton to have loshil. for digging a 
grave, and Peter Davis thirty dollars the ensuing year 
to execute the duties of sexton to Trinity Church. 

Trinity Church, June 4 1796. 
Quarterly meeting of the Vestrymen and Churchwardens. 

Present, Messrs. Vandever, Paulson, Robinson, Eliot, Lynam, 
Brynberg" and Naff. On motion of Mr. Lynam, agreed to 
endeavor to put a new roof on the south side of the church and 
raise the belfiy. 

Resolved, That the subscription hitherto subscribed, shall be 
carried into eflFect if the subscribers are agreed thereunto. 

Resolved, That the congregation be notified to meet the ensuing 
Saturday, to confirm the old subscription, either adding to, or 
taking from, as they shall see fit. Adjourned. 


Trinity Church, September 3d, 1796. 

Quarterly meeting of the Vestrymen and Churchwardens* 

Present, Messrs. Robinson, Lynam, Brynberg, Vandever, Wal- 
raven, Paulson, Garretson and Naff. 

It was agreed to give the Rev. Mr. Clarkson the necessary six 
months previous notice before any change should take place 
between him and the people, according to a late agreement 
entered into between him and the vestry, in order to put him on 
an equal footing with the ministers or candidates at the next 
election, ag^reeable to the spirit of the charter. Adjourned. 

Trinity Church, March 6, 1797. 

According to the direction of the charter, the seats of the 
vestrymen of the 2d class, viz: Benjamin Eliot, John Lynam and 
Peter Walraven, and also the Churchwardens, Hance Naff and 
Henry Garretson became vacated this day. 

An election being held by the congregation to fill those vacan- 
cies, the following persons were elected, viz: Benjamin Eliot, 
Peter Walraven and James Eves, for vestrymen, and Timothy 
Jackson and John Justis, for churchwardens. 

JOHN Eliot, 
Joshua McLean, 


Trinity Church, March 29, 1797. 

Meeting of the Vestrymen and Churchwardens. 

Present, Rev. Mr. Clarkson, MeSvSrs. Paulson, Vandever, Eliot. 
Robinson, Stedham, Brynberg, Eves, Walraven, Jackson and 
Justis. Proceeded to the choice of a chairman. Isaac Stedham, 
was unanimously chosen. On motion of Mr. Robinson, seconded 
by Mr. Eves, to go into the choice of a minister to supply 
Trinity Church the ensuing year, the Rev. Mr. Clarkson was 
appointed. On motion what salary shall be given him, the 
members to vote for the minister's salary by ballot. The votes 
being taken and polled, there appeared six votes for ;^2oo, two 
for /175, and one for /250. 

Agreed to give a clerk $20 per annum, and that Joseph Sted- 
ham be first offered that salary. If he declined serving as clerk, 
resolved that the same seem be offered Mr. Bradley. Adjourned. 


Trinity Church, May 7th, 1797. 
The vestrymen and churchwardens who were present were 
detained after sermon. The debt on the glebe marsh due the 
estate of Dr. McKinley, was submitted to them by Timothy Jack- 
son. They appointed a committee of three members to investi- 
gate the Doctor's charge, and settle with the administrator. 
Benjamin Eliot, John Brynberg and Timothy Jackson were ap- 
pointed. On Wednesday, May loth, the committee met at Dr. 
Latimer's and he presented unto them McKinley 's account; the 
committee thought the account just and therefore settled it. 

Trinity Church, March 5, 1798. 
Annual election: 

When John Brjmberg and Peter Vandever were re-elected, and 
John Lynam in the place of Peter Paulson, and David Stedham 
in place of David Henrickson who had resigned, and Isaac Hin- 
drickson and Hance Naflf were chosen churchwardens. 

At a meeting of the vestry, &c., March 14, 1798, amotion was 
made and seconded to repeal a resolve of the vestry respecting 
giving the minister for the time being, 6 months notice, passed 
February 9, 1796. Resolved that that resolve shall be and 
is hereby repealed and made nul and void to all intents and 

At a meeting of the vestry March 22, 1798, a motion was made 
and seconded, shall the Rev. Mr. Clarkson be appointed to sup- 
ply' Trinity Church the ensuing year? It passed in the negative, 
4 votes for, and 7 votes against. 

At a meeting of the vestry April 26, 1798, it was resolved that 
Isaac Hendrickson and Hance Naff, together with the trustees be 
a committee to take an inventory of the contents of the corpo- 
ration chest, and that the trustees take the other key to the 
chest, and that said chest be lodged with one of the churchwardens. 
It was also moved that John Springer a minister of the Presby- 
terian Church be requested to preach a sermon in Trinity Church 
to his old friends and relatives, for he formerly belonged to the 

Trinity Church, August 4th, 1798. 

Meeting of the vestrymen and churchwardens. Present, Messrs. 
Vandever, Lynam, Brynberg, D. Stedham, Hendrickson and 


Naff. A petition was laid before the vestry signed by 48 persons 
praying that the vestrymen and churchwardens would pass a law 
which would secure them in their right to Trinity Church. 

On motion made and seconded, resolved, that Isaac Hendrick- 
son apply to George Read, Jr., to get some particular passages of 
the charter explained. 

Trinity Church, December i, 1798. 

Quarterly meeting of the vestrymen and church- 
wardens. Present Messrs. Eliot, Vandever, Lynam, 
Walraven, Brynberg, D. Stedham and Hendricsson. 
The committee appointed to prepare a bill for member- 
ship, presented one, whereupon 

Resolved^ ist, That all those persons who were 
considered as members or admitted to vote for ves- 
trymen and churchwardens, by the committee selected 
by the congregation, to report and determine on all right 
of membership and nominated in the charter to superin- 
tend the election in March, 1795, and the' sons of such 
persons as may arrive to the age of 21 years shall be 
considered members and entitled to vote. 

Resolved 2nd, That any male person who has descended 
from the original stock, and has by any means absented 
himself from Trinity Church, may apply to the vestry- 
men and churchwardens for admittance into member- 
ship, and if a majority of them shall deem him or them 
a worthy member, he or they shall be entitled to vote 

Resolved 3d, That no other person shall be considered 
a political member of Trinity Church, and be entitled 
to the privileges thereof, but such persons as shall be 
first received and approved of by a majority of the ves- 
trymen and churchwardens, and after their approbation 
shall take a seat in Trinity Church, and pay a contribu- 
tion to the support of the ministry or otherwise, five 



years previous to an annual election, then and in such 
case they shall be entitled to vote and not otherwise. 

Resolved 4th, That a former resolve of the vestrymen 
and churchwardens concerning membership, passed 
March 5, 1796 is hereby repealed. 

Trinity Church, February 23d, 1799. 

Meeting of the vestrymen and churchwardens. 

Present, Messrs. I^3aiam, Eliot, Walraven, Brynberg, D. Stid- 
ham and Naff. 

The Rev. James Wilmer had wyitten to the vestry that he was 
informed that the Rev. Mr. Clarkson had resigned the pastoral 
charge over Trinity Church. Mr. Wilmer attended the meeting, 
produced his credentials, stated that he was an applicant for 
Trinity Church, if the congregation should like him, that he 
did wish to preach a sermon to them. Whereupon, 

Resolved, That Trinity Church shall be open for Mr. 
Wilmer to preach a sermon in, on Sunday, the 3rd day of 
March, 1799. 

Wilmington, Mr. Naffs, March 2, 1799. 

Quarterly meeting of the vestrymen and churchwardens. 

Mr. Clarkson attended the meeting and demanded the balance 
due him of his salary for the year 1797. He also demanded a 
salary of 200^^ for the year 1798. He founded his claim on ser- 
vices done the congregation of Trinity Church. 

Mr. Vandever objected against it, said that Mr. Clarkson was 
not chosen and appointed minister of Trinity Church for the 
year 1798 by the vestrymen and churchwardens, that he was not 
entitled to any salary, and with his consent he should not -have 

The subject was postponed for further consideration. 

Trinity Church, March 4, 1799. 

According to notice given an election was held to fill the seats 
of Jacob Robinson, Isaac Stidham and David Stidham, which 
became vacant at this time (it being the expiration of the 4th 
year), also the seats of the churchwardens, Isaac Henderson and 
Hance Naff, when Peter Paulson, Isaac Stidham and David 


Stidham were elected vestrymen, and Isaac Hendnckson and 

Hance Naff were elected churchwardens. 

John Hendrickson, Jr., 
Joseph Stidham, 


At a meeting of the vestrymen and churchwardens, March 9, 
^799. it was resolved as Trinity Church is now lying open, 
Messrs. Hendrickson, Vandever, Walraven and Naff be a com- 
mittee to apply lor and receive supplies. 

, At a meeting, March 16, 1799, it was resolved that Isaac Hen- 
drickson and Hance Naff take the key of Trinity Church into 
their possession immediately.' The subject of allowing Mr. 
Clarkson a gratuity, being taken up, after some debate there- 

Resolved, That Benjamin Eliot, Isaac Hendrickson, Peter 
Walraven and Hance Naff be a committee to negotiate with Mr. 
Clarkson, and report thereon to the vestry, on Easter Monday, 
March 25th. 

Trinity Church, March 25, 1799 
Meeting of the vestrymen and churchwardens. 

Present, Messers Vandever, Eliot, Lynam, Walraven, I Sted- 
ham, Brynberg, D. Stedham, Hendricksson and Naff. The com- 
mittee appointed to wait on and negotiate with Mr. Clatkson, 
reported that Mr. Calrkson, stated to them, that if the vestry- 
men and churchwardens would give him a gratuity of 175;^ to 
enable him to discharge his debts that he would quietly and 
peaceably deliver up all that doth belong to or in anywise apper- 
tain to the corporation of Trinity Church, that is or may be in 
his possession. Whereupon, 

Resolved, That Mr. Clarkson shall be allowed 175;^ as a 
gratuity, providing that he delivers up all as above stated. 

Trinity Church, September 7, 1799. 
Quarterly meeting of the vestry. 

The chairman produced a letter under seal from the Rev. James 
I. Wilmer which was opened and read, and after due deliberation 
thereon it was unanimously agreed that the Rev. Mr. Wilmer, 
shall have the offer of continuing to officiate in Trinity Church 
every other Sunday for a length of time, not exceeding three 


months at the usual rate of six dollars for each service unless a 
stranger offers ; in such case Mr. Wilmer is to give place to the 

A meeting of the vestry at the parsonage house, November 9, 
1799, when Mr. Hendrickson stated that in consequence of 
Trinity Church being vacant the Rev. Mr. Price, of Milford, 
doth offer himself a candidate for the minister therein. Where- 

/Resolved, That the congregation of Trinity Church be called 
together and their sentiments be taken on the subject, as an ip- 
struction for the vestrymen and churchwardens. 

Trinity Church, November 19, 1799. 

Occasional meeting of the vestrymen and churchwardens, with 
the congregation. 

Whereas, It appears that those members of the congregation 
who have attended pursuant to notice given, have unanimously 
voted in favor of Mr. Price, and that there are divers members 
of the congregation that have not attended on the occasion, 

Resolved, That a piece of writing be drawn corresponding with 
the subject of Mr. Price's offer and be handed round to those 
members who did not attend, for their signature, to the same 
effect. On motion 

Resolved, That Messrs. Hendrickson, Walraven and Naff be a 
committee to wait on Mr. Price and inform him of the proceed- 
ings of the congregation and vestry in the business and enquire 
of him what salary would do him, providing he should come to 
Trinity Church. 

Wilmington Parsonage House, December 7, 1799. 

Quarterly meeting of vestry. 

A letter was read from the Rev. Nicholas Collin, the Swedish 
minister in Philadelphia, to the vestrymen and churchwardens of 
Trinity Church, whereupon 

Resolved, That Messrs. Hendrickson and Naff be a committee 
in behalf of the vestr^'men and churchwardens, to send a re- 
spectable answer to the Rev. Nicholas Collin. Mr. Naff read a 
letter from Mr. Wilmer. Mr. Hendrickson read a letter from Mr. 
Price and a letter of recommendation or certificate from the ves- 
try at Mil ford. 


Wilmington Parspnage, December 15, 1799. 

Occasional meeting of vestry: 

The' committee appointed to wait on Mr. Price, report that -he 
would be fully satisfied with 175;^ salary per annum, exclusive 
of the parsonage and lots. The subject of the Rev. Mr. Price as 
a candidate for the ministry in Trinity Church was taken up, 
after due deliberation thereon, and receiving instruction from a 
considerable majority of the congregation by their voting in his 

• Resolved y That the vestrymen and churchwardens do unani- 
mously accept Mr. Price's offer, and that Isaac Hendrickson and 
John Brynberg be a committee to inform him that on the part of 
the vestry and congr^ation, all things are now ready as far as 
their ability and charter will permit. 

Wilmington, Mr. Hendrickson 's January 13, 1800. 
Meeting of the vestry and churchwardens: 

Present, Messrs Vandever, Eliot, I^ynam, Walraven, Brynberg 
D. Stedham, Hendrickson and Naff. Mr. Price attended the 
meeting and held a conference with the vestry on the subject of 
his coming to officiate in Trinity Church the ensuing year, when 
it was agreed if Mr. Price did come the ensuing spring, he 
should have the mansion house and garden with the stable and 
chair house in good repairs, the two lots of marsh, (but he must 
pay the taxes,) the upland lot at the church, (but must put the 
manure collected at the stable on the premises,) the vestry to 
put the marsh in reasonable repair, and Mr. Price to leave it so; 
likewise the vestry agree to pay him over and above, the sum of 
one hundred and sixty pounds per annum. 

Mr. Price agreed on his part to do for the vestry and congre- 
gation of Trinity Church all those ministerial duties, that an 
ambassador of Christ ought to do for his flock, as far as his ability 
would permit. 

Trinity Church, March 3, 1800, 

According to notice given, an election was held under the 
direction of the vestrymen and churchwardens present, to fill the 
seats of Benjamin Eliot, Peter Walraven and James Eves which 
became vacant at the time, also the seats of the churchwardens. 


Isaac Hendrickson and Hance Naff, when Benjamin Eliot, Peter 
Walraven and Joseph Springer were elected vestrymen, and Isaac 
Hendrickson and Hance Naff were elected churchwardens. 

^ John Ei*i*iott, 

Joseph Stbdham, 

March 2nd, 1801. 

John Brynberg, Hance Naff, John Hendrickson, Jr., were 
elected vestrymen, and Isaac Hendrickson and John Sperry, were 
chosen churchwardens. 

March 7th, 1801. 

Resolvedy That the Rev. Wm. Price be called to supply Trinity 
Church the ensuing year, and that he be allowed i6o;£ salary. 

Trinity Church, September 19th, 1801. 

At a special meeting of the vestrymen and churchwardens, the 
committee appointed to make exertion to raise money to put a 
roof on the church reported that they have called upon Peter 
Jaquett who promises to pay the interest and as much of the 
principal as he possibly can in ten days. Also that they have 
called on John Welsh, who promises to pay his part of the bond 
due to the church in a few days. 

March ist, 1802. 

John Lynam, Isaac Stedham and David Stedham, were elected 
vestrymen, and Isaac Heodrickson and John Sperry, were 
chosen churchwardens. 
March 6th. 1802. 

The Rev. Mr. Price, was again engaged for the ensuing year. 

Trinity Church, August 14th, 1802. 

Special meeting of the vestrymen and churchwardens. 

Present, Messrs. Lynam, Eliot, Springer, Naff, Brynberg, D. 
Stidham, John Hendrickson, Isaac Hendrickson and John 

On motion made and seconded, the subject of erecting 

a belfry was taken into consideration. Whereupon, 

resolved^ Thajt the belfry shall be built at the west end 

of the church, twelve by fourteen feet, and thirty-four 


feet high, of stone and brick, with a sufficient cupola to 
swing the bell in above the roof, etc. On motion made 
and seconded, resolved, that John Sperry, Isaac Hen- 
drickson and Hance NaflF, be a committee to tonfer and 
agree with carpenters, masons and other workmen, pro- 
vide materials etc., and shall be invested with full 
power to set the business on foot immediately. 
August 9, 1802. 

At a meeting of the vestiy it was decided to build the belfry 
of brick. 

December 4, 1802. 

At a meeting it was resolved that Isaac Hendrickson, John 
Sperry and Hance Naff be a committee to hold a conference with 
Thomas Cole upon the form or plan of the cupola to be erected 
on the brick walls at the west end of the church, and take the 
approbation or sentiment of some other skillful carpenter upon 
the best plan . 

May 7, 1803. 

Peter Walraven, Joseph Springer and Benjamin Eliot were 
selected vestrymen and John Sperry and Isaac Hendrickson were 
selected churchwardens. 

March 15, 1803. 

The Rev. Mr. Price was again engaged at the same salary. 

It being stated by Isaac Hendrickson. the chairman, that he 
would endeavor to get the road or street repaired between the 
town and the church by the corporation of Wilmington, but he 
doubted they would complete the walk. Therefore, Resolved, 
That there shall be a subscription started in the congregation to 
assist in completing the walk down to the church. 

September 3, 1803. 

At a meeting of the vestry it was resolved, That Isaac Hendrick- 
son shall be released from craving aid from the corporation of 
Wilmington toward the walk, but the committee on the subscrip- 
tion should be continued, and John Brynberg and Isaac Hendrick- 
son were appointed a committee to draft a letter, to be laid before 
the board of vestrymen and wardens to be sent to the Rev. Nicho- 


las Collin to advise with him on the subject of the independence 
of Trinity Church. 

October 8, 1803. 

Isaac Hendrickson laid before the board of vestr3rmen and 
churchwardens a letter from the Rev. Wm. Price^ concerning 
making a collection for Bishop Clagget, of Maryland, for his 
trouble in administering the ordinance of confirmation in Trinity 
Church. Whereupon, Resolved, That Isaac Hendrickson, John 
Brynberg and John Lynam shall be a committee to prepare an 
answer to the Rev. Mr. Price on the subject and lay it before the 
board of vestrymen and churchwardens. 

Trinity Church, December 3, 1803. 

The committee appointed to receive Wm. Vanneaman's l^acy 
from Peter Brynberg, report that they have received the fifty 
pounds bequeathed, with the interest due, and have paid ofiT 
several bills for the belfry. 

The committee appointed to draft an answer to the letter of the 
Rev. Mr. Price laid before the board of vestry-men and church- 
wardens a sketchy whereupon 

Resolved, That Isaac Hendrickson and John Brynberg be a 
committee to copy the sketch as it now stands and send it to the 
Rev. Mr. Price. 

Trinity Church, March 5, 1804. 

According to notice given an election was held to fill the seats 
of John Brynberg, Hance Naflf, and John Hendrickson Jr. Also 
the vacant seat occasioned by the death of Peter Walraven, and 
the seats of the Churchwardens John Sperryand, Isaac Hendrick- 
son when Jacob Derrickson, John Brynberg, and John Hen- 
drickson Jr. were elected for three years, and Aaron Paulson wais 
elected in the place of Peter Walraven deceased and Israel Hen- 
drickson and Hance Naff were elected Churchwardens. 

Isaac Hendrickson,, 
John Hedges, 


Wilmington Parsonage House, March 24, 1804. 
A meeting of the board, when Isaac Hendrickson was chosen 
chairman, and John Brynberg secretary for the ensuing year. 


The Rev. Mr. Price was unanimously chosen minister for the 
ensuing year at a salary of i6o;^, which after confering with Mr. 
Price was mutually agreed on. On motion 

Resolved, that John Brynberg and David Stedham be a com- 
mittee to settle with the committee who superintended the build- 
ing of the belfry and make report to this board at their next* 
meeting. On motion 

Resolved, That a committee be appointed to take measures 
respecting the debt due to Trinity Church by Peter JaQuette 
Jr., and proceed on the business at their discretion and make 
report at the next meeting. 

Parsonage House, December i, 1804. 

Quarterly meeeting of the vestrymen and churchwardens. 

Present, Messrs, Lynam, Derickson, Paulson, Brynberg, 
John Hendrickson, Nafif and Isaac Hendrickson. The com- 
mittee appointed to settle with the committee who were ap- 
pointed to superintent the building the belfry, report that they 
have attended to their appointment. They presented a state- 
ment of subscription money received by John Sperry to the 
amount of 334 dollars and 33 cents, and of Sundry bills that 
said Sperry had paid, amounting to 335 dollars and 85 cents, 
there being 53 dollars on the subscription not yet paid which 
John Sperry is requested to collect. On motion, 

Resolvid, That John Lynam and John Brynberg be a com- 
mittee to settle with the executor of Hance Stampeart de- 
ceased, for a quantity of stone taken off the glebe at Red Clay 
creek, to receive the money for the payment of said stone and 
apply it to the payment due Susanna Tussy, and if there should 
be any money remaining over, they are directed to pay the surplus 
into the hands of Hance Naflfv churchwarden. 

Mr. James M. Broom produced Mr. Clarkson's account against 
Trinity Church. 

Resolved, That Hance Naff, John Brynberg and Isaac Hen- 
drickson be a committee to settle Mr. Clarkson's account with 

James M. Broom. 

Parsonage House, January 12, 1805. 

At a a meeting of the board. The committee of ways and 
me^s appointed at the last meeting reported, that in their opinion 


in the present state of the finances it was best to borrow at 
6 per cent interest enough to pay off the remaining indebted- 
ness on the belfry. 

Resolved, That John Brynberg, Hance Naff, John "Lymam and 
Isaac Hendrickson, the committee of ways and means shall 
borrow 400 dollars on the credit of the corporation of Trinity 
church and pay off the debts on the belfry as far as it will go. 

Parsonage House, March 2, 1805. 
Quarterly meeting. 

The committee appointed to borrow the sum of 400 dollars for 
the use of the corporation of Trinity Church report, that they 
succeeded in obtaining the money from Susanna Tassey, widow, 
upon the condition that the corporation of Trinity Church will 
punctually pay the interest on the bond to be g^ven. Where- 

Resolved, That an appropriation is hereby made of the first 
money that shall be received, and the honor and good faith 
of the corporation of Trinity Church is pledged for the punctual 
payment of the said interest when due. It was unamimously 
agreed that the said 400 dollars be paid into the hands of Hance 
Naff, churchwarden, for the purpose of paying off the balance 
of the bills due for building the belfrey and Hance Naff was 
ordered to pay them immediately. 

Trinity Church, March 4, 1805. 

John Lynam, Isaac Stedhara and David Stidham were re- 
elected vestrymen, and Hance Naff and Isaac Hendrickson were 
re-elected churchwardens. 

Trinity Church, March 16, 1805. 

Special meeting of the. vestrymen and churchwardens. 

Resolved, That Isaac Hendrickson and John Lynam be a com- 
mittee to make out a list of the pews in Trinity Church, with 
their number, their rates and the persons names who rent or oc- 
cupy them for the year 1805, and a list of the several lots of 
grround upon ground rent, and the person's names who pays and 
the several sums that each man pay yearly, and enter the same 
in the book of minutes for the use of the board of vestrymen and 


Resolved^ Unanimously that the Rev. Mr. Price be called to 
continue to officiate as minister of Trinity Church, the coming 

Trinity Church, March 3, 1806. 

Benjamin Eliot, Joseph Springer and Aaron Paulson wereT|re- 
elected vestrymen, and Isaac Hendrickson and Hance NafF re- 
elected churchwardens. 

March 15. 

Resolved, Unanimously that the Rev. Wm. Price shall be and 
is hereby called to supply Trinity Church the ensuing year. 

March 29th. 

Resolved, That John Brynberg shall be trustee to proceed 
forthwith to recover from Peter Ja Quett and John Welsh, the re- 
spective debts which they owe to Trinity Church, on bond. 

April 12th. 

The committee appointed to confer with Mr. Price on the sub- 
ject of his« continuing to officiate in Trinity Church, the ensuing 
year, report that they conferred with him and that he is willing 
to serve at the rate of one hundred and sixty pounds per annum. 
On motion 

Resolved, That the same committee are hereby instructed to 
oflfer Mr. Price the pew rents of Trinity Church, the present year 
at their present rates, and 60 pounds in money for this year's 
salary; to exhibit to him a statement of the income of the 
church yearly, and to mention to him that it is the opinion of 
this board that the measure of Mr. Price being the collector of 
the pew rents would be the means of cultivating a more particu- 
lar acquaintance between the minister and congregation. The 
said committee are empowered to agree with Mr. Price and make 
the best terms they can. 

Hance Naflf reported 559 dollars and 93 cents back on ground 
rents and interest, and 37 dollars and 63 cents due him on bel- 


December 20, i8q^. 

The committee appointed to make out a list of pew rents and 
ground rents, &c., report the following amount of income. 

Pew rents, $362.24 

Deduct 1 14.24 for bad debts and commission. 

$248.00 $248.00 

£^ s. d. 

Ground rents, 66 8 2 
Deduct Commission, 3 19 8 

62 8 6 or $166.47 
I nterest on bonds, 101.52 

Deduct 97.39 

Nett, $418.60 


Tax on Glebe $12.00 

Public Drain 7.25 

Repairs on Church. . . 10.00 
Draining and Fencing . 6.00 
Sexton 's Salary .... 30.00 

Clerk's Salary 20.00 

Interest on Tussy's bond 12.14 

Thus it will be seen that the net income for the year is $418.60 
It may be noted that Trinity Church is indebted at present as 

To Mrs. Tussy $202.35 

To Mr. Price, old credit . 196.97 
Mr. Price, this year . . . 426.67 
To Thomas Colesberg . . 100.00 



March 2, 1807. 

Jacob Derickson, John Brynberg and John Hendrickson were 
re-elected vestrymen, and Isaac Hendrickson and Hance NafF 

Trinity Church, March 23, 1807. 

Resolved y That a committee be appointed to draw some rules, 
by-laws and regulations for the congregation, and offer them for 
the consideration of the board at the next meeting, and the said 
committee are requested, to ask the friendly aid of James M. 
Broom to assist them in drawing up and digesting said rules and 

Resolved, That the Rev. Mr. Price be called to supply Trinity 
Church the ensuing year, and that he have 175;^., provided he 
take the pew rents, amounting to $360.24. 

Resolved That it is the opinion of this board that in the present 
situation of the finances, it is not in their power to engage to 
pay Mr. Price as a certain salary, much more than 350 dollars. 
June 6, 1807. 

The committee appointed to draw up rules, reported that they 
had nothing, on the account of the removal of James M. Broom 
to Baltimore, and John Lynam was appointed in the place of Mr. 

January 2nd, 1808. 


The committee appointed to draw up rules for Trinity 
Church congregation report as follows: 

Whereas, The right of inheritance in and to Trinity 
Church, and the property thereunto belonging, 
descended unto those members of the congregation 
whose names are on record in the books of said church, 
after the bishop and consistory of Sweden withdrew 
their mission from said church, and the powers of 
governing the temporalities of Trinity Church being 
vested in a board of vestrymen and churchwardens 
elected out of the congregation, and 


Whereas, It appears to be equitable and just, that 
if any person desires to enjoy an equal right to the 
inheritance of Trinity Church and her property that 
they ought to pay therefor an equivalent sum of money 
to be added to their general stock to enlarge the income 
of said church. 

Therefore be it enacted by the vestrymen and church- 
wardens of the Swedes Lutheran Church, called Trinity 
Church, in the Borough of Wilmington, that from and 
after the passing of this act, any stranger either 
Lutheran or Episcopalian, who desires to enjoy an equal 
right to the inheritance and property of said church and 
her political privileges, shall pay therefor into the hands 
of the vestrymen and churchwardens the sum of 

dollars, to be added to the general stock of said 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid. 
That if it should so happen that any of those persons 
who enjoy the right of inheritance to and in Trinity 
Church and her property, and whose names are on 
record as members of said church, or the sons of any 
such persons as may hereafter arrive to the age of 21 
years, shall hereafter become negligent or refractory, and 
omit or refuse to pay their proportion toward the support 
of the public worship in said church, that the vestrymen 
and churchwardens shall hereafter annually appoint a . 
committee by ballot out of their own body, to wait upon 
every such negligent or refractory delinquent at least 
three times in one year, and use their utmost skill and 
judgment by reasonable argument in a christian and 
brotherly like manner to reclaim them, and bring them 
back to their duty, which arguments and the negligent 
or refractory person's answers the said committee, 
shall report to the board of vestrymen and church- 


wardens, and if from the whole of what has been done, 
it doth appear, and the negligent or refractory person 
candidly and openly declares, that it is not his desire 
either to retain or enjoy his right of inheritance and 
membership in Trinity Church, then, and in such case 
the board of vestrymen and churchwardens may at the 
expiration of one year after, declare his seat vacant, 
and his right of inheritance and privileges as a member 
of Trinity Church suspended, until he shall see cause to 
apply for it again, according to an act or resolution 
of the board of vestrymen and churchwardens, passed 
at Trinity Church, December ist, 17^9. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid. 
That if any other person whose name is not upon record 
as possessing a right of inheritance and membership in 
Trinitv Church, shall hereafter rent anv vacant seat in 
said church, and neglect or refuse to pay for the same 
punctually within the space of three months, after the 
rent becomes due, that the seat that they have occupied 
shall be taken from them and rented to any other per- 
son that may apply for the same, 

Isaac Hendrickson, 
John Brynberg, 
John Lynam. 

August 15th, 1807. ' 

The report of the committee being twice read, it was agreed 
to let it lay over until the next meeting for further consideration, 
and that a committee be appointed to ascertain the reasonable 
proportion that each new member should pay into the general 
stock, that a blank in the report of the committee may be filled 
up. John Brynberg, John Lynam and Isaac Hendrickson, were 
appointed to that sevice. 
March 7, 1808. 

John Lynam, Isaac Stidham and David Stidham were re- 



elected vestt3rmen and Isaac Hendrickson* and Hance Naff were 
re-elected chuipcli wardens. 

March 17, 1808. 

The Rev. Mr. Pryce was called on the same terms as the last 

March 26, 1808. 

The committee appointed to ascertain the reasonable proportion 
that each new member onght to pay into the general stock, report 
that it is their opinion that the blank ought to be filled np with 
the sum of one hundred dollars. 

On motion it was resolved, that the bill touching membership 
as reported by the committee of January 2, 1808, shall pass this 
board excepting the first section, and that the chairman and 
secretary sign and seal the said bill or law with the corporation 

On motion, the board proceeded to the choice of a committee 
by ballot according to the provision made in the second section 
of the act entitled By-Laws and Rttgulations for Trinity Church, 
when Benjamin Eliot, John Lynam, and Hance Naff were duly 
Hance Naff's October 26, 1808. 

Special Meeting. 

WHEREAS, This board is informed that the process against Peter 
JaQuette, hath taken place and his property advertized to be sold 
by the sheriff on this day; said Peter JaQuette attended the meet- 
ing of the board and plead for more time stating that he will pay 
all the interest due on the bond in three weeks from this date and 
prayed for a stay of sale until that time. On motion 

Resolved, That there shall be a stay of execution for three 

December 3, 1808. 

On motion resolved. That John Brynberg who has been 
appointed to have charge of the suits against Peter JaQuette and 
John Welch's executors be ordered to order the sheriff to go on 
with the sale of the goods taken in execution of the said Peter 


Wilmington, Mr. Anderson's March 5, 1809. 

Quarterly meeting of the vestrymen and churchwardens of 
Trinity Church. 

Present, Benjamin Eliot, John Lynam, John Brynberg, David 
Stidham, Aaron Paulson, Joseph Springer, Hance Naff and Isaac 
Hendrickson. The board taking into consideration the situation 
of the suit with Peter Ja Quett, on . motion, 

Resolved, That another member of the board be appointed to 
assist John Brynberg, when Hance Naff was appointed accord- 

The said committee is requested to proceed after consulting 
George Reed the attorney, toward the recovery of the money at 
their discretion. 

Trinity Church March 15, 1809. 

According to notice given an election was held to fill the seats 
of Benjamin Eliot, Joseph Springer and Aaron Paulson, of the 
vestrymen, and of Isaac Hendricksson and Hance Naff, wardens, 
when they were all re-elected. 

March 20, 1809. 
Special meeting. 

On motion, Resolved, That Isaac Hendrickson be chairman, 
and John Brynberg secretary, the ensuing year. On motion, 

Resolved, That the Rev. William Pryce be called to supply 
Trinity Church the ensuing year. On motion, 

Resolved, That Mr. Pryce shall be allowed 175;^ salary the 
ensuing year, provided that he will take all the pew rents at 
their present rates amounting to three-hundred and sixty-two 
dollars and twenty-four cents, in part of said salary as ag^reed 
upon la6t year. 

On motion the board proceeded to the election of a committee 
by ballot, according to the provision made in the second section 
of the act entitled, By-Laws and Regulations for Trinity church, 
when Benjamin Eliot, John Lynam and Hance Naff were unami- 
mously elected, and the secretary was requested to notify the 
said committee of their appointment. 

Wilmington, Edward Thomas* Tavern, March 3, 18 10. 

Afler the minutes of the last meeting were read, Hance Naff 


produced to the board a statement of monies due the church for 
ground rent, pew rent and interest money uncollected as foUoweth 
to wit: 

Pew rents amounting to $437-66% ' 

I s. d. 

Ground Rents, 94 18 4 

Interest due from Peter Stidham, ... 41 5 o 

136 3 4 or $364.44. 


On motion, resolved, Hance Nafif shall use his utmost endeavors 
to collect as much of the outstanding pew rents as possble, 
paying particular attention to those persons who are able to pay 
their respective debts, and the said Hance Naff is requested to 
proceed with all possible diligence to collect the outstanding 
ground rents at the expiration of the present year, which will 
be on the first of April next, and to advertize to all delinquents 
to come forward and pay off their respective debts or rents, or 
otherwise he will proceed against them as the law directs, and at 
the next quarterly meeting he shall make a report to the board 
of his progress. On motion, 

Resolved, That the committee appointed to reclaim negligent 
or refractor>' members, shall wait on Jacob Robinson and use 
their endeavors to reconcile him to the church and this board 
and heal the breach that has unhappily taken place. On motion 

Resolved, That a committee of two persons be appointed to 
wait on John Day, the clerk of Trinity Church, and enquire of 
him ithe cause of his complaint respecting his employment as 
clerk. John Brynberg and John Lynam were appointed to that 

Trinity Church, March 5, 1810. 

According to public notice given, an election was held to fill 
the seats of Jacob Derickson, John Br>mberg and John Hendrick- 
son, of the vestrymen, and of Isaac Hendrickson and Hance 
Naff, Wardens, which became vacant at this time, when Aaron 
Justis, John Brynberg and John Hendrickson were elected vestr>'- 



men, and Hance Naff and Isaac Hendrickson were elected church- 
wardens. The boards now stands: 

Isaac Hendrickson, 
Hance Naff, 

Churchwardens . 
John Brynberg, 
John Hendrickson, 
Aaron Justis, 
Benjamin Euot, 
Joseph Springer, 
Aaron Paulson, 
John Lynam, 
Isaac Stidham. 
David Stidham, 

Vestry mc.'n. 

NAMES OF pew-renters IN TRINITY CHURCH IN 1806. 

Peter Stidham, 
Isaac Stidham, 
John Stockton, 
Anna Gordon, 
Hance Naff, 
Aaron Justis, 
James Ross, 

Levi Colesbeyy, 
Mrs. Reading, 
John Stilly, 
James Lackey, 
Jacob Derickson, 
Michael Wolf, 
Mrs. Plantain, 
Davis Ostler, 
John Mclntire, 
Ann Lewis, 
Peter Jefrey, 
John Webster, Jr., 
John Page, 
Richard Hicks, 

John Vandever, 

Charley Springer and sons, 

John Lynam, 

Mary James, 

Peter Vandever, 

Andrew Morris, 

Mrs. Anderson, (late widow 

John Eves, 
Mrs. Curtis, 
Wm. Stilly, 
Robert Burris, 
Zacharias Derickson, 
Mary Jones, 
Daniel Dingee, 
Rachel Robnet, 
Thomas Cartmell, 
Patience Grimes, 
Henry Sinnex, 
Sarah Mills, 
Wm. Bryant, 
Wm. Galloway, 



James Sibley, 

Susan Jeffries, 

Thomas Cole, 

Amor Tally, 

Michael Wolf and wife, 

John Hedges, 

Mary Ford, 

Hance Stampeast, 

Jsaac Jones, 

Elizabeth Smith, 

Susanna Tryon, 

Elizabeth Wells, 

John Almond. 

Samuel Jordan, 

Jacob Robinson, 

John Sp-MTy, 

Jacob Ball, 

Jonas Stidham, Jr., 

Thomas Springer. 

Jacob Broom, 

Jonas Stidham, Sen., 

Joseph Hendrickson, 

Mrs. Paulson and sons, 

Wm. Sharpley and family, 

Joseph Jackson, 

Robert Henderson, 

John Sibley, 

Wm. Kirk, 

James Watson, 

John Bannard, 

Widow Musgrave, 

Robert Armstrong, Sen., 

Mrs. Freeman, 

John Landers, 

Michael Kay, 

James Welsh, 

Wm. Eliot, Sen., 

Archibald Croxan, 

Peter Brynberg, 

Mrs. Young, 

John Harp, 

Henry Naff, 

Joseph Springer, 

Mrs. Oldham, 

Widow Savoy, 

Ann Smedmer, 

Joseph McLean, 

Mrs. Didie;r, 

Jacob Derickson, 

Rebecca Jones, 

Isabella Perkins, 

Peter Garretson, 

Timothy Jackson, 

Peter Walraven, (daughters,) 

Joseph Lynam, 

David Stidham. 

Wm. Stidham, 

John Hendrickson, 

Joseph Stidham, 

Wm. Armer, 

Thomas Sinnex, 

Peter Paulson and sons, 

John Flinn, 

Robert Robinson and mother, 

Elihu Talley , Jr. , * 

Wm. Talley, 

Patrick Hemphill, 

Jane Peterson, 

James Johnson, 

David Hendrickson, 

John Webster, Sen., 

Mrs. Weatherhead, 

John Brynberg, 

John Roswell, 

Thomas Hyat, 

Thomas Smith, 

John Eliot, 

Wm. Elliot, Jr. 


John Roswell, Andrew Crips and sons. 

Henry Rice, Jacob Weldin, 

James Brindley, Joseph Waggoner, 

John Bennet, Isaac Hendrickson, 

Sarah Springer, John Vandever, Jr., 

Benjamin Eliot, Francis 0*Daniel, 

Jacob Talley, Samuel Little, 

Thomas Foss, Robert Rice, 

^ Isaac Stidham, Jr., John Husbands, 

Harvey Spencer, Esau Cox, 

James Bavard, George Smith, 

Elkana Bray, Frederick Tiunes, 

James Murphy, James Barnes, 

Mrs. Bedford, Elijah Skottington. 
William Tussy, 

Baptisms in the year 1750, by the Rev. Israel Acrelius. Those 
designated by a star are of the Christina Congregation. 

Child Isabella, bom December, baptized January ist; parents, 
John and Mary Greenup. 

Child William, bom December, baptized January 31st; parents, 
William and Catharine McLacklon. 

*Child Lucas, bom December 30, 1749, baptized February 4th; 
parents, John Wallace and Sarah Stedham. 

*Child William, bom December 2 2d, baptized February 15th; 
parents, Wm. Van Neman and Mary. 

Child Charles, bom February loth, baptized February 18th; 
parents, Thomas and Jane Philips. 

Child Prudence, bom December 23, 1749, baptized February 
28th; parents, Thomas and Sara Mehan. 

Child James, bom January i8th, baptized February i8th; 
parents, Robert and Jane Mellor. 

*Child Swen, bom February 22d, baptized same day; parents, 
Nils and Mary Springer Justis. 

♦Child Jacob, bom February loth, baptized February 23d; 
parents, Jacob and Mary Bishop Springer. 

♦Child Prudence, bom January 26th, baptized February 25th; 
parents, John and Mary Mortonson Spari. 

♦Child Elizabeth, born February 15th. baptized February 25th; 
parents, John and Susanna Hindrickson Hedge. 


•Child John, bom February 27th, baptized March nth; 
parents, Zacharias and Elizabeth Howell Hindrickson. 

♦Child Sarah, bom October 30, 1749, baptized March nth; 
parents, Niclas and Magdalena Stedham Curseng. 

Child William, bom May 15, 1747, baptized March 12th; 
parents, Robert and Mary Congttun. 

♦Child Marta, bom February 22, baptized March 25th; parents, 
Henry and Elizabeth Colesberg. 

Child John, bom October 28, 1749, baptized March 25th; 
parents, Williani and Mary Fellows. 

Child Jacob, bom March ist, baptized April ist; parents, Saul 
and Barbro Haussman. 

♦Child Rachel, bom April 5th, baptized April 8th; parents, 
Joseph and Anna Justis Springer. 

♦Child John, bom March 12th, baptized April 13th; parents, 
Andrew and Dorothea Paulson Justice. 

Child John, bom December 26, 1745; child Elizabeth, bom 
January 24, 1747; child Nannie, bom May 12, 1749; baptized 
April 22d; parents, Johannes and Emma Kallamiller Gassert. 

Child Andrew, bom November 15, 1749, baptized April 29th; 
parents, Johannes and Susanna Boman. 

♦Child Philip, born February 26th, baptized April; parents, 
Cornelius and Margaret Morton Vanderweer. 

•Child Jacob, bom September 27, 1749, baptized April 30th; 
parents, Samuel and Elizabeth Peterson Riard. 

Child Elizabeth, bora May 17, 1749, baptized April 30th; 
parents, Thomas and Sarah Ly (Lee). 

♦Child Eric, bom April 27th, baptized May 2d; parents, Olle 
and Christeen Andersson. 

♦Child Andrew, bom May ist, baptized May 6th; parents, 
John and Mary Springer. 

Child Tobias, bora April 26th, baptized May 20th; parents, 
Asmund and Christeen Hendrickson Stedham. 

♦N. B. — Hannah, 18 years old, parents, Quakers, baptized 
May 2 ist, and immediately married to John Boggan; names of 
her parents, Jacob and Hannah Gnst. 

Child Josiah, born May 19th, baptized May 27th; parents, 
Jonathan aud Dorothea Kirk. 


^Child Helena, bom May 25th, baptized May 28ht; parents, 
Marten and Magdalena Springer Justice. 

*Child John, bom April 13th, baptized June 5th; parents, 
Carl and Johanna Lavel Stillman. 

, Child Sarah, bom March 25th, baptized June 13th; parents, 
Henry and Dorothea Powel. 

Child John, bom December 6, 1749, baptized June i6th; 
parents, David and Mary McKelwhay. 

Child Mary, bom March 5th, baptized June i6th; parents, 
Simon and Elizabeth Thetford. 

Child Eleonora, bom June 25th, baptized July 6th; parents, 
Robert and Elizabeth Robinson Armstrong. 

♦Children Michael and Susanna, the former bom July 2d, and 
the latter bom July 3d; parents, Michael and Susanna Morton 

♦Child i eter, bom June 25th, baptized July; parents, Peter 
and Catharine Loinan Andersson. 

♦Child Maria, bom July ist, baptized September 2d; parents, 
Conrad and Maria Johnson Garitsson. 

Child Rebecca, bom November 6, 1749. baptized September 
8th; parents, John and Eliza King. 

♦Child Samuel, bom August iSth, baptized September 9th ; 
parents, Christopher and Eleonoia Hindricksson. 

Child Thomas, bom June 8th, baptized September 14th ; 
parents, Thomas and Jennet Hamilton Johnsson. 

Child Anna, bom April 10, 1749, baptized September 15th ; 
parents, Joseph and Sarah Gepson Cartmell. 

Child William, bom March 28, 1748, baptized September 20th; 
parents, William and Margaret Townsend Donaldson. • 

Child Francis, bom March 29th, baptized September 20th ; 
parents, William Hay and wife. 

Children William and Stephen, born September 17th, baptized 
September 26th ; parents, David and Mary Kein Withetan. 

Child Jacob, bom July 14th, baptized September 30th ; parents, 
Rudolph and Margaret Thespen Hweitman. 

♦Child John, bom September 30th, baptized October 22 ; 
parents, William and Margaret Almond. 

Note.— The star denotes children of members of the Swedish Church. 


Child Enoch, bom September 26th, baptized October 3i8t ; 
parents, James and Elizabeth Lewis. 

Child Barbro, bom November ist, baptized November 8th ; 
parents, Henry and Barbro Sorborg. 

♦Child Rebecca, bom October 30th, baptized November 9th ; 
parents, Jesper and Susanna Hindricksson Jtistice. 

Child Mary, bom October 9th, baptized November nth; ille* 
gitimate ; of Richard Frebt and Mary Ann McMary. 

♦Child James, bom July 6th, baptized November i8th; parents^ 
Andrew and Sarah Peterson. 

Child Rachel, bom October 8th, baptized November 25th ; 
parents, John and Elizabeth Taylor. 

♦Child Isabelle, bom November 13th, baptized November 26th, 
parents, Willian and Anna Ifvarson Stoubei. 

♦Child Rebecca, bom December 12th, baptized December 13th: 
parents, John and Anna Springer Smidt. 

Child Anne, bom February 12, 1749, baptized December 26th; 
parents, James and Lady Kob McGennis. 

Child Rachel, bom September 2d, baptized December 30th ; 
parents, John and Mary Correll. 


Child Lewis, bom October 8, 1750, baptized January ist ; 
parents, David and Anne Bush. 

♦Child Margret, bom October 21, 1750, baptized January 1st ; 
parents, Henry and Elizabeth Stedham Darrayn. 

♦Child Philip, bom January 9th, baptized January 20th ; 
parents, Goran and Margret Stalcop Loinan. 

♦Child Rachel, bom December 23, 1750, baptized February 2d ; 
parents, Joseph and Mary Vanderweer Jacksson. 

Child John, bom October 5. 1750, baptized February 3d; 
parents, Abraham and Sarah Twiggs. 

♦Child John, bom January 3d, baptized February 3d*; parents, 
John and Elizabeth Stedham Paulsson. 

♦Child Rachel, bom February 3d, baptized February 17th ; 
parents, Jesper and Mar>^ Walraven. 

Child Mary, bom August 23, 1745, I parents, Benjamin and 
Child Jesper, bom September 23, 1748, j Eliz. Paulsson Bisen. 


*Child Swen, born February 20th, baptized February 24th ; 

parents, Nils and Mary Springer Justice. 

Child Johanna, bom December 12, 1744, ] baptized February 
Child Hannah, bom February 21, 1747, > 24th, parents, Elias 
Child Thomas, bom July, 1749, J and Eliz.Humpries. 

Child Mary, bom January 27th, baptized March 14th; parents, 
William and Elizabeth Patersson. 

*Child Jacob, bpm February 12th, baptized March 17th; 
parents, G^rrit.and Mary Garitsson. 

^Child Sarah, bom March 6th, baptized March 17th ; parents, 
Thomas and Beata Turner. 

*Child Rebecca, bom February nth, baptized March 24th; 
parents, Jonas and Sarah Mortensspn. 

*Child Dina, bom February 27th, baptized March 31st; parents, 
Jonathan and Magdalena Vanderveer Stille. 

Child John, bom February 15th, baptized April 3d; parents, 
John and Elizabeth Tummelsson. 

*Child Dorothea, bom March 24th, baptized April 5th; parents, 
Philip and Susanna Brunberg Stalcop. 

Child Roda, bom December 19, 1750, baptized March 14th ; 
parents, Lanty and Margaret Jonston. 

♦Child Margaret, bom December 14, 1750. baptized April 21st' 
parents, Joseph and Margaret Abraham. 

Child Martha, bom November 8, 1750 baptized April 29th ; • 
parents, James and Mary McChever. 

The following 12 were all baptized the same day in the Marlbor- 
ough Church. 

Boy Robert, 11 years old, bom July 22, 1740, baptized May ist; 
parents, Robert and Margret Aggor. 

Child Sarah, bom October 25, 1746, baptized May ist; parents, 
the last named. 

Child MargretT. bora July 5, 1750, baptized May ist; parents, 
John and Jane Little. 

Child William, born June 25, baptized May ist; parents, John 
and Mary Thompson. 

Child Mary, born April i, 1750, baptized May ist; parents, 
Thomas and Mrs. Bowles. 

Child John, born December 2, 1749, baptized May ist; par- 
ents, John and Marget. 


Child Edward, born Januar>' 26th, baptized May ist; parents, 
same as last. 

Child Samuel, bom February, 1750. baptized May ist; parents, 
John and Walled King. 

Child Marget, bom Febraary, 1749, baptized May ist; parents, 
same as last. 

Child Joseph, born November, 1 750, baptized May ist; parents, 
John and Jane Woods. 

Child Nelly, bom March 20th, baptized May ist; parents, 
Thomas and Mary Baret. 

Child Elizabeth, born August 15th, baptized May ist; parents* 
William and Mary Braun. 

Child Rebecca, bom March 29th, baptized May 12th; parents, 
Adolph and Catharine Wolfsbach. 

Child , bom Febmary 24th, baptized May 12th; parents, 

John and Jane Jaquette. 

Child Henry, bom April 23d, baptized May i8th; patents, 
Henry and Mary Bishop. 

Child Sarah, born April 24th, baptized May i8th; parents 
Peter and Mary Galloway. 

Child James, born February 14th, baptized May 27th; parents, 
Matthews and Elizabeth Grew. 

Child Elizabeth, bom May 24th, baptized May 27th; parents, 
Elias and Elizabeth Humphreys. 

Child William, bom May 22d, baptized May 27th; parents, 
Philip and Margaret McBraid. 

Child Elizabeth, born April 14th. parents, William and Sarah 

♦Child Anne, bom June 6, 1750, baptized Junef i6th; parents, 
Eric and Mary Stalcop. 

*Child Jeremiah, born May 28th, baptized Ju»e i6th; parents, 
William and Christina Swensson Castan. 

Child John, bom March 29th, baptized April 29th; parents, 
John and Elizabeth Bishop. 

♦Child Sarah, born May 17th, baptized June 23d; parents, 
Matthias and Rebecca Mortenson. 

♦Child Sarah, bom March 21st, baptized May 12th; parents, 
Joseph and Regina Mortensson. 


Child Sylvester, bom January 7th, baptized June 23d; parents » 
Wm. and Anne Welch. 

Child John, bom August 6th, baptized August 23d; parents^ 
John and Charity Montgomery. 

Child John James, bom December 24th, baptized June 23d; 
parents, William and Jane Singletown McDowel. 

Child Hannah, born March 25th, baptized June 23d; parents,. 
Adam and Mary Rose. 

The following ten were baptized same day in Marlborough 

Child George, born Febmary 16, 1744. ] Baotized Tune loth • 
Child William, bom April 16, 1746, paSs Robert 2 
Child Robert, bom October 22, 1748, f£tw!l^;^ T.^t^ii 
Child Elizabeth, bbm October 2, 1750, J ^"^^^^^i lassed. 

Child Mary, bom August 13, 1740, baptized June 30; parents 
James and Marta Waldin. 

Child Elizabeth, bom July 22, 1750, baptized June 30th; par- 
ents, Thomas and Mary Wan. 

Child William, born April 7, 1749 baptized June 30th; parents^ 
David and Margaret King Breadford. 

Child Thomas, bom April 15, 1749, baptized June 30th; par- 
ents, the last named. 

Child Ester, bom September 6, 1750, baptized June 30th; par- 
ents, Farday and Mary McHew. 

Child Joseph, bom June 15, 1750, baptized June 30th; parents, 
Wm. and Margret Gray. 

♦Child Rebecca, bom June 5th, baptized July ist ; parents, 
Cornelius and Margret Mortenson Van derWeer. 

*Child Peter, bom June 21st, baptized July 2nd ; parents, 
Andreas and Cathrine Stalcop Stille. 

Child John, bom May 8th, baptized July 14th; parents, Jacobus 
and Mary Hein. 

Child Amos, bom May loth, baptized July 27th; parents, Wm. 
and Hannah Nicolas. 

Child Mathew, bom May i8th, baptized July 27th ; parents, 
Robert and Margaret Klin ton. 

Child John, bom May 26th, baptized July 27th; parents, John 
and Mary Denin. 

Both Ille- 


Child Elizabeth, born July 12th, baptized July 27th; parents. 
John and Jane Fisher Baddy. 

Child George, bom June 25th, baptized July 28th ; parents, 
John and Margret Kees. 

Child John, born April 22nd. baptized July 28th; 
^ parents, John Colwell and Mary Kinni. 
*" Child Susanna, bom May 30th, baptized July 28th; 

parents, Wni. Bradky and Elizabeth Howell. 

Child Timothy, bora July 3rd, baptized August 4th; parents, 
Lulof and Jane Stidham. 

Child Anne, bom August 15th, baptized August 19th; par- 
ents, Swen and Cathrine Hendrickson Walraven. 

Child Anne, bom April 28th, baptized August 19th; parents, 
Wm. and Susanna Sharpley. 

Child John, born September 30, 1746. baptized August 24th; 
true father unknown, mother, Rachel Crissen. 

Child Jane, bora July i6th, baptized August 25th ; parents, 
James and Rose McLaughlin Brochon. 

Child Thomas, born August 25th, baptized September 15th ; 
parents, Wm. and Sara Follis. 

*Child Jonas, bora September , baptized September 29th; 

parents, Gustas and Sara Walraven. 

*Child Zachris, born vSeptember 7th, baptized October 6th 
parents, Zacharias and Sara Derickson. 

Child John, born August 21st, baptized October 6th; parents, 
Mark and Elizabeth Bell Covin. 

*Child Willing, born September 21st, baptized October 20th; 
parents, James and Elenor Willing Minzi. 

Child Mary, born August 24th, baptized October 7th; parents, 
Wm. and Grace Davis. 

Child Margret, born Januarj^ 17th, baptized January 25th; par- 
ents, David and Sara Salkeld. 

Child Hezechiel, born July 28th, baptized Octol^er 25th ; parents, 
Joseph and Mary Gorby. 

Child Ingeborg, born October 14th, baptized October 27th: 
parents, Jonas and Mary Colsberg Stidham. 

Child Thomas, bora July iSth, baptized November 3d; parents, 
Robert and Jane Montgomery Taylor. 


Child Edward, born July 27th; parents, Joseph and Marj- 

Child Hannah, bom October 4th, baptized November 3d; par- 
ents, Wm. and Phcebe Broom. 

Child Even, bom October 13th, baptized November loth; par- 
ents, John and Annie Cook. 

Child John, born July loth, baptized November 24th; parents, 
Ephraim and Catharine Mc Caleb. 

Child Sarah, born September 27th, baptized November 24th; 
parents, John and Mary Meyer. 

Child Catharine, bom November 3d. baptized November 24th: 
parents, William and Elenor Culay. 

♦Child David, born November 13th, baptized December 8th; 
parents, Moses and Martha White. 

Child Margret, bom July ist. baptized December 21st; parents. 
Edward and Sarah White. 

Illegitimate child Charles, bom November 3d, baptized De- 
cember 2ist; mother, Sarah Loan; father, Henry Nail. 

Child Sarah, baptized December 21st, in a stream of water 
near Polks MannorVs Church; was sick; parents, James and Jane 

Child James, bom December 16, 1750, baptized December 22d; 
parents, James and Mary Champin Conolly. 

Child Mary, bom October 12th, baptized December 22d; par- 
ents Even and Elizabeth Reece. 

Illegitimate child Catharine, bom October 17th, baptized De- 
cember 2 2d; mother, Sarah Bratton; father, James Thompson. 

Child Jacob, bom November i8th, baptized December 22d; par- 
ents, Richard and Susanna Justis Robbinsson. 

ANNO 1752. 

Child Peter, bom August 19, baptized January 5; parents, 
James and Lady McGiunis. 

Child John, born May 27, baptized January 8; parents, Urias 
and Marv Blew. 

Child vSusannah, bom March 13, 1750, parents George and 
Johanna King. 


Child Rachael, born December 27, baptized January 26; parents, 
James and Elizabeth Elder. 

Child Benjamin, bom December 28, baptized February 5; 
parents,* Thomas and Jane Philip. 

Child Thomas, bom December 2b, baptized February 5; parents. 
Wm. and Jane Miller. 

Child James, bom October i. baptized. February 5; parents, 
Patrick and Mary Rion. 

Child Mary, bora January 14, baptized February 11; parents, 
Mark and Jane Eliot. 

Child Matthew, bom January 30, baptized February 16: parents, 
Thomas and Jane McCord. 

Child Henrv', born February 17, baptized March i; parents, 
Henry and Barbro Ruish. 

*Child Anna, bom January 14, baptized March 2; parents. 
Andreas and Maria Justis. 

Child Sara, born February 28, baptized March 8; parents, John 
and Brigite Kirk. 

Child Anne, born January i, baptized March 8; parents, James 
and Jane Kirk. 

Child Emsson, bom February 28, baptized, March 21; parents, 
Emsson and Susannah Bird. 

Child Rebecca, bom March 7, baptized March 21; parents. 
James and Catharine Justis McDonald. 

Child Anne, born December 26, baptized March 22; parents, 
John and Anne Hawkey Stuard. 

Child Adam, bora August 13, 1751, baptized March 22; parents. 
Adam and Margaret Cooper. 

Child Elizabeth, born Februar>^ 2, baptized March 22; parents, 
James and Jane Andrew Willsson. 

Child James, born January 9, baptized March 22; parents, 
James and Mary Downard. 

Child John, bora October 8, baptized March 22; parents, John 
and Marta Cross Miller. 

Child Anne, born September 28, baptized Maich 22; parents, 
Alexander and Elizabeth Ramsey. 

Child Mary, born January 7, baptized March 29; parents, Eric 
and Mary Twigg vStalcop. 


Child Susanna, bom December 4, 1757, baptized March 29; 
parents, Michael and Elizabeth Sigmund. 

Child Rachael, bom February 17, baptized March 30; parents, 
Robert and Elizabeth Pierce. 

Child Isaac, born March 5, baptized March 30; parents, John 
and Annie Tossa Lea. 

Child James, bom March 9, baptized April 5; parents, John 
and Mary Mortinson Sparry. 

Child Elizabeth, bom April 3, baptized April 12; parents, 
Jacob and Mary Loinan Andersson, 

♦Child Israel, bom April 4, baptized April 23; parents, Samuel 
and Elizabeth Peterson Real. 

Child Margret, bom April 10, baptized April 23; parents, 
Thomas and Mary Almond. 

Child Samuel, bom March 19, baptized April 25; parents, 
William and Elizabeth Rayl. 

Child Jacob, bom February 16, baptized in Marlborough, 
April 25; parents, Jacob and Anne Thompson. 

Child Enoch, bom February 16, baptized in Marlb3rough, 
April 25; parents, Brice and Elizabeth Collins. 

Child Jesa, bom March 25, baptized in Marlborough, April 25; 
parents, Henry and Dorothea Fowel. 

Child James, bom September 18, baptized in Marlborough, 
April 25; parents, James and Joanna Fitchpatrick. 

Child James, bom January 4, baptized April 25; parents, James 
and Mary Shelldon. 

Child Hannah, bom February 27, baptized April 25; parents, 
Henry and Brita Clasky. 

Child Mary, bom February 21, baptized April 25; parents, 
John and Anne Garritson. 

Child Mary, bom February 25, baptized in Marlborough, May 
6; parents, Daniel and Mary Kain. 

Child Antony, bom May 10, 1751, baptized in Marlborough^ 
May 6; parents, George and Mary Baldwin. 

Child Anne, bom May 26, baptized in Marlborough, May 6; 
parents, Cornelius and Rachel McWeyer. 

Child Levy, bom July 14, 1747, baptized in Marlborough, May, 
6; parent, James Hall, a Quaker. 



Child Mary, born August 23, 1750, baptized in Marlborough, 
May 6; parent, Mary Cleany. 

Child Benjamin, bom February 14th, baptized April 26; parents, 
Thomas and Marget Nott. 

Child Paulus, April 12th, baptized May loth; parents, Paulus 
and Barbro Hausman. 

*Child Senecce, bom April 13th, baptized May loth; parents, 
James Senecce and Margret Werdeman. 

*Child Isaac, bom March i6th, baptized April 26th; parents, 
Lucas and Anna Monson. 

•Child Peter, bom April 26th, baptized May 17th; parents, 
John and Sarah Stedham Springer. 

*Child Elizabeth, bom September 21, 1750, baptized May 21st; 
parents, Peter and Anne Brunberg. 

Child Elenor, bom February 2d, baptized May 24th; parents, 
Michel and Else Meloy. 

Child James, bom April 17th, baptized May 27th; parents, 
Moses and Anne White. 

Child Mary, bom May 9th, baptized May 27th; parents, John 
and Agnes Howes. 

Child Elizabeth, bom August 12, 1751, baptized May 28th; 
parents, Thomas and Anne Garritsson Adams. 

Child Rachel, bom May ist, baptized June 2d; parents, William 
and Anne Robinsson Ball. 


Child Mary, born August 21st, baptized June 3rd; parents, 
John and Jane MeKenny. 

Child Mary, born April ist, baptized June 3rd; parents, Robert 
and Elizabeth Dougherty. 

Child John, bom December 8th, baptized June 3rd; parents. 
Frank and Margaret Forster Shiiew. 

Illegitimate child Jane, bom February loth, baptized June 3rd; 
parents, Andrew Enochs and Catharine Brion. 

Illegitimate child Mary, bom August 2, 1750, baptized June 
3d; parents, Arthur Molland and Ester Bums. 

Illegitimate child Edward, bom August 20, 1751. baptized 
June 3d; parents, John Goldsmidt and Dina a mulatto. 


Child James, bom May 5th, baptized June 3rd ; parents, Jane 
and James Whitcrust. 

Child John, bom July 8, 1747, baptized June 3d; parents, Hugh 
and Mary Thomson McRoy. 

Child James, bom May 27th, baptized Jime 7th; parents, 
Thomas and Jane Johnson. 

Child Jacob, bom May 3d, baptized June 7th; parents, Hans 
and Cathrina Nas. 

Child Isabel, bom May 6th, baptized June 7th; parents, Peter 
and Jane Peterson. 

Child Annie, bom February 2d, baptized June 14th; parents, 
Niclas and Margaret Moor. 

Child William, bom November 7th, baptized June 14th; parents, 
John and Elizabeth Paulson Kary. 

Child Jane, bom March 21st, baptized June 14th; parents, 
Daniel and Anna Camay. 

Child Isaac, bom March 23d, baptized June 28th; parents, 
Henry and Susanna Brachon. 

Child Elizabeth, bom March 7, 1750, baptized June 28th; 
parents, James and Elizabeth Matthews. 

Child Margret, bom June 9th, baptized July 5th; parents, John 
and Anna Bossord. 

*Child Elenor, bom June 26th, baptized July 5th; parent*, 
Joseph and Annika Justis Springer. 

Child Thomas, bom June 3rd, baptized July 'I2th; parents, 
John and Elizabeth Dillmore. 

•Child Susanna, bom July 7th, baptized July I2th* parents, 
Peter and Cathrina Loinan Andsrson. 

Child Susanna, bom Jime 22d, baptized July 19th; parents, 
John and Susanna Hendrickson Hedge. 

Child Lady, bom June nth, baptized July i9tir; parents, Peter 
and Sussanna Paulson Stalcop. 

Illegitimate child Ester, bom April 12th, baptized July i6th; 
parents, Henry Lowell and Mary Flatcher. 

Child Anna, bom May 24th, baptized August ist; parents, 
Thomas and Jane Duss. 

Child Charles, bom July 6th, baptized August 2d; parents, 
John and Susanna Bauman. 


Child John) Twins, born July 31st, baptized August 2d; 
Child James j parents, Wm. and Sarah Baker. 

*Child Peter, bom July 19th, baptized July 20th; parents, 
Peter and Brita Vander Weer. 

♦Child William, bom June 29th, baptized July 7th; parents, 
Carl and Johanna Stillman. 

♦Child Jacob, bom July 27th, baptized August 26th; parents,^ 
Swen and Maria Justis. 

Child Jane, bom March 9th, baptized August 26th; parents, 
James and Else McKoom. 

Child Henry, bom June 15th, baptized August 26th; parents, 
Conrad and Barbro Wirth Grey. 

•Child Rachel, bora July 25th, baptized August 30th; parents, 
John and Hannah Walraven. 

♦Child Isaac, bora July 9th, baptized September 14th; parents, 

Hinric and Elizabeth Colesberg. 

Child James, bora July 14, 1749, | baptized September 14th; 
Child Elizabeth, bora November J- parents, Peter and Margret 
nth. J Stone. 

Child Eleanora, bora August 30th, baptized September 24th; 
parents, Wm. and Johanna Vanneaman. 

Child Margret, bora September 17th, baptized September 27th: 
parents, Peter and Rebecca Hopman Peterson. 

♦Child Benjamin, bora October ist, baptized October loth; 
parents, Petei and Isabella Hare Stedhara. 

♦Child Christina, bora August 25th, baptized October loth; 
parents, Wm. and Christina Swenson Castan. 

Child Ann, bora July 2nd, baptized October nth; parents, 
Abraham and Sarah Twigs. 

Child Ann, bora July 20th, baptized October 12th, parents, 
Henry and Mary Watson. 

♦Child Margret, bora October 9th, baptized October 15th; 
parents, Nils and Mary Springer Justis. 

♦Child Lady, born October 23, 1751; parents, John and Mary 

♦Child Maria, bora August 15th, baptized October 19th; 
parents, Cornelius and Margret Vander Weer. 

Child Maria, bora September 28th, baptized October 22nd; 
parents, Joseph and Hushella Barbro Shaw. 


*Child David, bom September 20th, baptized October 29th; 
parents, Matthias and Rebecca Morten. 

♦Illegitimate child Richard, bom April, 1750, baptized Novem- 
ber I St; parents, Richard Bamaby and Rebecca Camp. 

Child John, bom September loth, baptized November 4th; 
parents, Robert and Jane Miller. 

*Child Simon, bom October i6th, baptized November 23rd; 
parents, Simon and Elenor Paulson. 

♦Child William, bom November 22nd, baptized 26th; parents; 
Jesper and Maria Wallraven. 

♦Child John, bom October 20th, baptized November 26th; 
parents, Jesper and Maria Classon. 

Child William, bom August ist, baptized November 29th; 
parents, Edward and Elizabeth King. 

Child Hannah, bom February 30, 1749; parents, James and 
Christina Kannathy. 

Child Elizabeth, bom June 6th, baptized November 29th; 
parents, Robert and Mary Klinton. 

♦Child Jacob, born October 26th, Jbaptized December loth; 
parent^, Jacobus and Mary Hein. 

♦Child Elenore, bom July 26th, baptized December loth, 
parents, Wm. and Margret Almond. 

Illegitimate child James, bom December 6th, baptized 29th; 
father Matthew and mother Jane Gordon. 

ANNO 1753. 

Child Catherina, borri January 9th, baptized 21st; parents, 
Edward and Beata Hopman Groahms. 

Child Anna, born December 23, 1752, baptized January 21st; 
parents, James and Lady McGennis. 

Child Catherina, bom November 19th, baptis^ed January 21st; 
parents, Wm. and Susanna Sharpley. 

Child William, bom October nth, baptized February ist; 
parents, Olle and Mary Paulson. 

Child Peter, bom Januajy 24th, baptized February 6th; 
parents, Hans and Johanna Jaquet. 

Child Christina, born November 24, 1752, baptized February 
nth; parents, Jonas and Sara Morten. 


Child William, born December i6, 1752, baptized February 
lith; parents, Joseph and Margret Abrahams. 

Child Susannah, born January 28th, baptized February nth,- 
parents, Swen Brunberg and Anna Pierce. 

Child William, bom February 7th, baptized February 25th: 
parents, William and Sarah Follows. 

Child Mary, bom April 16, 1752, baptized February 28thr 
parents, Alexander and Anne Wilson. 

Child William, bom January 9th, baptized February 28th; 
parents, Thomas and Elizabeth Borrels. 

Child Rachael, born March 4th, baptized March 28th; parents^ 
Wm. and Margret Bell. 

Child Cathrina, bom March 22nd, baptized April 8th;parentSk 
John and Catharina Didrickson Loinan. 

Child John, born February 26th, baptized April 8th: parents^ 
Charles Janson and Anne Ogle Springer. 

Child Peter, bom February iSth, baptized April 23rd; parents, 
Wm. and Catharina Justus Paulsson, 

Child Ruth, bom March 26th, baptized Apwil 23rd; parents, 
Bartholomew and Eleonora Paulson. 

Child Anna Ulrica, born April 28th, baptized May loth; 
parents, Mr. Adolph Benzel and Mrs. Rebecca Tranberg Benzel. 
Wituess. Governor and Knight of His Royal Majesty's order of 
the North Star, Lars Benzelstiema^ in whose place stood the 
Prvost Magister Israel Acrelius, Herr Gostas Hessellius, the 
Herr Pastor Erric Unander and Morten Justis; the Dean's wife 
Ulrica Filenia, Mrs. Anna Cathrina Tranberg, the '^astor's wife 
at Wicacoe, Mrs. Elizabeth Parten and Ingeborg Robinson. 

Child Maria, born March 31st, baptized May 9th ; parents,. 
Henry and Mary Bishop. 

Child Magdal*na, born November 9, 1752, baptized May loth; 
parents, Daniel and Maria Worms. 

Child Maria Eva, bom April 14th, baptized May loth; parents, 
Johan and Anna Margreta Saader. 

Illegitimate child March ist,baptized May 13th; 
father, James Brook, mother, Mary English. 

Child Cathrina, born March 7th, baptized March T3th; parents^ 
Henry and Elizabeth Dery. 


Child Margret, bom February 20th, baptized May 20th; parents,- 
Mark and Elizabeth Caulyn. 

Child Ana, bom June loth, baptized July 15th; parents, Tobias 
and Jane Van der Weer. 

Child Eleonora, bom June 21st, baptized July 15th; parents, 
Cloud and Darkes Lyon. 

Child Johan, bom June 15th, baptized July 15th ; parents, 
James and Maria Springer. 

Child Mary, bom July 4th, baptized Julj 17th; parents, Cham- 
bers and Rebecca Hall. , 

Child William, bora May 16, 1750, 1 baptized July 25th ; par- 
Child Eben Ezer, bom December Vents, Thomas and Hannah. 
I, 1752. J Parkin. 

Child Rebecca, bom June 26th, baptized July 29th ; parents, 

Anders and Maria Justis. 

Child Ezechiel, bora June 30th, baptized August 19th; parents,. 
John and Elizabeth McKery. 

*Child Margreta, bom July 22nd, baptized July 26th; parents, 
Lulof and Jane McDowel. 

Child Margretha Dorthea, bom August 9th, baptized August 
26th; parents, Michael Barbro Wetwer. 

Child Jonathan, bom May 29, 1749, baptized August 29th; 
parents, William and Martha Taylor. 

Child Johannes, bom February 7th, baptized September 2nd; 
parents, George and Anna Maria Grey. 

Child Johannes, bom April 5th, baptized September 2nd; par- 
ents, Christopher and Maria Kraut. 

♦Child Cathrine, bom August 19th, baptized September i6th; 
parents, Charles and Mary Springer. 

♦Child James, bom August 27th, baptized September i8th; 
parents, James and Catharina McDonald. 

Child Cathrine, bom May i8th, baptized September 30th; par- 
ents, Charles and Sarah Grahams. 

Child Thomas, bom July ist, baptized September 31st; par- 
ents, Lewis and Sarah Frees, 

Child Sarah, bom August 6th, baptized September 30th; par- 
ents, James and Jane Willson. 


Child William, born May 8th, baptized September 30th; par- 
ents, Cornelius and Agnes Bain. 

Child Mary, bom March 17th, baptized September 30th; par- 
ents, Thomas and Martha Mahon. 

Child William, bom September 2nd, baptized September 30th^ 
parents, Robert and x Elizabeth Armstrong. 

♦Child John, bom September 12th, baptized September 26th ; 
parents, Johan and Sara Springy. 

Child Isaac, bom September 17th, baptized September 30th; 
parents, Swell and Cathrina Walraven. 

*Child Sarah, bom September 30th, baptized October loth; 
parents, George and Margret Loinan. 

Illegitimate child Susanna, bom October ist, baptized the 8th; 
father, James Molland, mothei, Susanna. 

Child Anne, bom March nth, baptized October i6th; parents, 
William and Anne Morten Welch. 

Child, James, bom June 23rd, baptized October i8th; parents, 
Daniel and Christina Few. 

Child Wennefrend, bom October 24, 1 750, parents, Joh^n and 
Cathrina Cornel iusson. 

Child Sarah, bom February, baptized, October 21st, parents, 
Johan and Cathrina Comeliusson. 

The following twelve baptized in Marlborough church : 

Child James, bom April 7th, baptized October 28th; parents, 
John and Mar>' Cookly. 

Child Margret, bom May iSth, baptized October 28th; pdrents, 
John and Mar>^ Denin. 

Child Agnes, born June 6th, baptized October 28th; parents, 
James and Elizabeth Alis. 

Child Jane, bom March 19th, baptized October 28th; parents, 
Alexander and Elizabeth Barnsay. 

Child John, bom June — , baptized October 28th; parents, John 
and Margret Thomson. 

Child William, bom March ist, baptized October 28th; parents. 
Garret and Elizabeth Dougherthy. 

Child Margret, bom August ist, baptized October 28th; par- » 
ents, Robert and Jane Taylor. 


Child Robert, born March 28th, baptized October aSth; par- 
ents, Michael and Anne Montgomery. 

Child Pheobe, bom October 25th, baptized October 28th; par- 
ents, William and Jane McDowel. 

Child John, bom May 3rd, baptized October 28th ; parents, 
John and Mary Breyd. 

Child Francis, born August 24, 1730, baptized October 28th. 

Child Sarah, born October 28, 1732, baptized October 28th. 
Parents, Francis and Sarah Chany. 

Child Hannah, -bom October 2is^, baptized November 4th ; 
parents, Gustas and Sarah Walraven. 

Child Mary, bom August 4th, baptized November 6th ; parents, 
Amos and Rachel Erby. 

Illegitimate child John, bom March 26th, baptized November 
22nd ; father, John Bratton, mother, Margaret Butler. 

Child John, baptized November 25th ; parents, Jacob and 

Child Anna Barbro, bom November 30th, baptized December 
9th ; parents, Philip and Susannah Stalcop. 

Child Rachael, bom October 21st, baptized December 2nd ; 
parents, Johan and Maria Stedham. 

Child Elizabeth bom October 28th, baptized December 23rd • 
parents. Pierce and Briget Swenson Potat. 

Child William, bom October 25th, baptized December 26th ; 
parents, William and Sarah Sutton. 

Child John, bom September 26th, baptized December 26th ; 
parents, Edward and Jamaima Kockhorn. 

Child Jane, bom July 26th, baptized December 26th ; parents, 
James and Jane Oggle. 

Child Richard, bom November 8th, baptized December 26th ; 
parents, Joseph and Sarah Tull. 

Child Elizabeth, bom August 26th, baptized December 26th ; 
parcnts. Alexander and Martha Oggle. 

Child William, bom May ist, baptized December 26th ; par- 
ents, William and Margaret Kean. 

Child George, bom March 28th, baptized December 29th ; par- 
ents, David and Anna Bush. 

Child Rebecca, bom November 20th, baptized December 30th ; 
parents, Isaac and Sarah Smidt. 


ANNO 1754. 

Child Jemay mi, born November 17th, baptized January loth : 
parents, John and Elizabeth Finsh. 

♦Child John, bom January 7th, baptized — 12th ; parents, 
Samuel and Mary Brunberg Seeds. 

Child Mary, bom October 9. 1753, baptized January 14th ; par- 
ents, John and Elizabeth Bishop. 

Child Anne, bom December 13, 1753, baptized January 14th t 
parents, John and Elizabeth McCollough. 

Illegitimate child Johan, baptized January 20th ; father, John 
Almond, mother, Barbro McMolland. 

Child Mary, bom December 31, 1753, baptized January 20th ; 
parents, William and Sarah Baker. 

Child Maiia Dorothea, bom January 22nd, baptized 21st ; par- 
ents, Jacob and Maria Barbro Gregg. 

Child Henric Christian, bom October ist, baptized January 
26th ; parents, Henric and Elizabeth Parsson. 

Illegitimate child Hannah, bom January nth, baptized Febru- 
ary 17 ; father, John Kelsey, mother Anne. 

*Child John, bom February 20th, baptized March 3d • par- 
ents Anders and Cathrine Stille. 

*Child Isaac, bom February 25th, baptized March 17th ; par- 
ents Johan and Elizabeth Tummeson. 

Child Maria, bom September 5th, 1753, baptized March 17th ; 
parents, James and Jane Kirk. 

*Child Peter, bom December 28th, baptized March 31st : par- 
ents, Zacharias and Elizabeth Hindricksson. 

Child Johan Joseph, bom January 31st, baptized March 31st ; 
parents, Johan and Maria Susanna Bauman. 

Child Anna, bom February 31st, baptized March 31st: par- 
ents, Jacob and Magdalena Stukley. 

*Child Sarah, bom February 8th, baptized April 7th ; parents, 
Jonathan and Magdalena Stille. 

Child Jacob, bom September 13th, baptized April 7th ; par- 
ents, Johan and Margret Lewis. 

*Child Elizabeth, born January 16,. 1753, baptized October 
14th ; parents, Thomas and Sarah Morten. 


Child Jane, born — nth. baptized April 15th • parents, Mark 
and Jane Eliot. 

Child Ester, born December 2 2d, baptized April 15th ; parents, 
Moses and Martha White. 

Child Anne, bom January 21st, baptized April 17th ; parents, 
Conrad and Maria Garritsson. 

Child Thomas, bom January gth^ baptized April 17th ; parents, 
William and Phoebe Brown. 

Child Cornelia, bom November 9th, 1748; 

Child William, bora October 3th, 1752; 

Child Eliakim, bom December nth, 1753; 
Baptized April ist ; parents, Adam and Sarah Price. 

Child Anne, bom March 25th, baptized April 21 ; parents, 
Thomas and Mary Almond. 

Child Cathrine, bom February 22d, baptized April 21st; par- 
ents, Archibald and Jane Latimore. 

Child Mary, bom March 24th, baptized April 2i8t ; parents^ 
Benjamin and Margaret Gardner. 

Child Samuel, bom March 26th, baptized April 28th ; parents, 
Matthew and Rebecca Tays. 

Child Robert, bom April 9th, baptized April 28th ; parents, 
Samuel and Anne Floyd. 

Child Elizabeth, bora March 28th, baptized April 28th ; par- 
ents, Edward and Florentz Ring. 

Child Jane, bora March 14th, baptized April 28th ; parents, 
Robert and Mary Douglas. 

Child Sarah, bora February 12, 1752, baptized May ist; parents, 
John and Brigfit Collins. 

Child Anne, bora March ist, baptized May 23d ; parents, 
Thomas and Jane Philips. 

Child Elihu, bora March 25th, baptized May 23d ; parents, 
William and Rebecca Talley. 

Child Richard, bora December 29th, baptized May 23d ; 
parents, Richard and Rebecca Lennard. 

SildSrtT'.y-'^^old '>^P«^ May .3d, parents. 
Slid Da"vX' . feaTdd" • ) J*"^" -^ ^^ ^ayd. 

Child William, 9 years old, baptized May 23d ; parents, John 
and Ester Hopton. 


Child John, i y^ years old, baptized May 23d ; parents, James 
and Jane Allen. 

Child Elizabeth, i year old, baptized May 23d; parents, George 
and Elizabeth Connel. 

Child Robert, bom December 16, 1753, baptized May 23d; 
parents, Robert and Ester Sherred. 

♦Child John, bom April i6th, baptized May 23d ; parents, 
John and Cathrine Jackson. 

Child William, bom May 17th, baptized May 23rd; parents, 
Patrick and Mary Royal. 

Child Maria Cathrina, bom April i8th, baptized May 19th; 
parents, Paul and Barbro Hausman. 

*Child Peter, bom May nth, baptized May 26th; 

*Child Cornelius, bom May nth; parents Zacharias and 
Sarah Derickson. 

Child Susannah, bom August 10, 1754, baptized June 3ni; 
parents, Lauren ts and Comfort Sorely. 

Child Samuel, bom March i8th, baptized June 3rd; parents, 
Mattick and Saiah Glain. 

Child Rachael, bom February 22nd, baptized June 3rd; parents, 
William and Janet Foot. 

Child Mary, bom January 23rd, baptized June 3rd; parents, 
James and Anna Floyd. 

Child John, 2^ years old; 

Child William, bom December 14, 1753; 
Parents, John and Anne Sherlock. 

Child Adam, bom April loth, baptized June 3rd; parents, 
Adam and Anna Marly. 

Child Else, bom March 9th, baptized June 3rd, parents, Adam 
and Margret Kelley. 

♦Child John, born April 2nd, baptized June 5th; parents, 
Charles and Johannah Stillman. 

Child Anna, bom May 23rd, baptized June 8th; parents, 
George and Elizabeth Lewis. 

Child Hannah, bom May 26th, baptized July 9th; parents, 
Uriah and Mary Blew. 

Child Frances, bora July 3rd baptized July 7th; parents, Mr- 
Samuel and Mrs. Deborah Johnson. 

HOLY TRTNTTY (OLt> S^litVKS) CtttMK^Y^. 57 1 

♦Oiild Johan, bora June ^Xh^ hn^\9Jt^ July i»l; |>avwIk, l>et>ei 
end BriU VanderWeer. 

Oiild Sax«h, bora November 7, 1757; 

Child Anne, bom September tf6, 175^^, bt|>l\z^\ A\lSf\«ll \>l1l , 
parents, Walter and Eliitabeth Honr^heAd. 

Child Adam, bora May Sth, bapti^ A\i|fusl \^W\: \MiX^)\\%. 
Matthias and Elizabeth Mayer. 

Child Balthazar, bora July tt, 1754, haptixeil ;i$ept«ml)er tf«l; 
parents, John and Anna Mar LeminR CoUinn. 

♦Child John, bora August i6th» ^mptiwd Scpltemlvet «5lh; 
parents, Adam and Catherina Sueider. 

♦Child William, born Scpteml>cr 14th, 1mpUf.ed HepletuhiM 
22nd; parents, William and Johanna Vanneaman. 

♦Child Susannah, bora August loth, lmptir>ed Sepiettib^t- iJtuI; 
parents, Peter and Susannah Stalcop. 

Child Elizabeth, bora Noveiul)er ai, 175,^ rtopleitlhei 
29th; parents, John and Mary Rons. 

Child Rebecca, born May a7th, brtptistett iSeptettlhet igtli; 
parents, Elias and Elizabeth Humphreys. 

Illegitimate child Charles, bora Novefubef at, I7<;a, bapti^.ed 
September 29th; father, John Collowel, ttioiher MitfgM 

Illegitimate child Susanna, bora AtiguM 2i5;tb, )mpi\fj^i f)f*v 
tember 30th; father. Or. Jacob Rcms, motbef, Hfltitifih iWhttt 

♦Child Isaac, bora September and, )mpiy^\ (>ctoW Kfih. 
parents. Jacob and Mary Heins. 

Child James, bora Septemfief 2/|lh, )mpi\yj&i i)(^Mi^f 2<i{h. 
parents, Clond and Darkes Lyoti, 

Child Marg^cta, brjtn November 2«d, baptized f^osf^noh^t itAh, 
parents, Matthias and Cathrina Martin. 

Child Miriam, bora Odffhcr 25, r;^!, )m\AyjfA t2ti/l, |mfefft<», 
Jacob and Hindrena Wirth. 

Child Anne, bora i^tfAetn}ier iHih, b^pti/e^ (ftUih^ iinA, 
parents. Tobias and Margret V(m\tM%. 

Child Philip Jacob, U^m October 2\th, }MfA,\A^ Ortoher ^h , 
parcirta, Peter and Maria Helfestein. 

Child J^>seph, born Novemhier tith, bdrptK/ed f^eeember f<^t ; 
parents, Ernest »nd I»bnna Jacof^rt. 


*Child Maria, bom November 2.sth, baptized December 8th ; 
parents, Eric and Brita Smidt. 

Child Sarah, bom October 6th, baptized December 14th ; par- 
ents James and Else McKoom. 

Child William, born Nov.-mber 5th, baptized December 14th 1 
parents, Wiliam and Elizabeth Philips 

*Child Rebecca, bom November 23d, baptized December 2 2d ; 
parents, Jesper and Maria Wallrave. 

Child Anna Barbro, bom December 21st, baptized December 
2 2d ; parents, Jacob and Anna Eva Stalley. 

Child Maria Barbro, bom December 8th, baptized December 
22d ; parents, Jacob and Anna Eva Gray. 

Child Margret, bom March i6th, baptized Decembor 30th; par- 
ents, Thomas and Mary Fling. 

Mrs. Sarah Falkoner, bom April 4th, 1737, baptized December 
30th ; the wife of Captain Nathaniel Falkoner, daughter of Rob- 
ert and Sarah Moulder of Marcus Huik. 

Child Robert, bom February nth, 1745; 

Child Johan, bom April 20th, 1747 ; 

Child William, bom January 9th, I74<S; 

Child Joseph, bom January 2d, 1757; 

Child Margret, bom June 17, 1754; 

.*arents, Benjamin, and Margn.-t Moulder, of Marcus Hook. 

Anno 1755. 

Illegitimate child William, bom Nov. 7, 1754, baptized Janu- 
ary I ; father Isaac Few, mother Rose Gaulanger. 

Child David, bom October 22d, 1754, baptized January 2d; par- 
ents, David and Mary Deric. 

Child Henry, bom November i6th, 1754, baptized Januarj* 2 ; 
parents, William and Susanna Colgen. 

Child Elizabeth, born October 30th, 1754, baptized January 2d ; 
parents, William and Mary Glean. 

Child Mary, bom September 6th, 1754, baptized January 2d ; 
parents, George and Elizabeth Couste. 

Child Mary, bom April 13th, 1754, baptized January 5th ; par- 
ents, Empson and Susanna Bird. 


Child Susanna, bom December 29th, 1755, baptized January 
5th, parents, James and Mary Armstrong. 

Child Susanna, bom September 22d, 1755, baptized January 
5th ; parents, Abraham and Sarah Twigg. « 

Child Thomas, bom October 6th, baptized January 5th ; par- 
ents, Walter and Sarah Nugen. 

Mrs. Kelly, 54 years old, baptized January i ith ; immediately 
afterwards took the Lord's supper in New Castle. 

Child Joseph, bom June loth, 1754, baptized January 17th ; 
parents, Samuel and Bachel Barker. 

*Child Maria, bom January loth, baptized January 17th ; par- 
ents, Anders aud Mana Justis. 

*Child Petros, born January 2d, baptized January 17th ; par- 
ents, Magnus and Helena Justis. 

Mrs. Lady Robnet, wife of Allen Robenet, 43 years old, bap- 
tized March 27th. 

Son Joseph, 16 years old, 

Daughter Rachel, i2>^ years old, 

Son David, 9 years old. 
Daughter Lady, 5 years old, 

baptized March 27th, in Marcus Hook ; 

Child Margaret, bom February 24th, baptized March 31st; 
parents, Peter and Anne Agnew. 

Child Elenor, bom March 2nd, baptized March 31st ; parents, 
Joseph and Regina Morton. 

Child Levry, bom January 20th, baptized March 30th ; parents, 
Joseph and Jane Pierce. 
Daughter Mary, 8 years old; bom at Marcus Hook, 
Daughter Margaret, 3 years old; bom at Marcus Hook, 
Child Mails, bom January 8th, bom at Marcus Hook, 

baptized April 5th; parents Mails and Jane McCarty, 
Daughter Annie, 5 years old, bom at Marcus Hook, 
Son John, born September 3, 1752, at Marcus Hook, 

baptized April 5th; parents Wm. and Susanna Clark, 
Son Joseph, boi*n February 22, 1752, at Marcus Hook, 
Daughter Annie, bom August 15; 1752; at Marcur Hook, 
Son Samuel, bom January 15, 1734; at Marcus Hook, 

baptized April 5th; parents Samuel and Elizabeth Armor. 


Child Mary, bom March ist, baptized April 5th; parents, Wm. 
and Rebecca Lamplugh. 

Child Hannah, bom February 4th, baptized April 14th; par- 
ents, W19. and Susanna Sharpley. 

Child William, bom October 10, 1754, baptized April 13th; 
parents, Daniel and Christina Few. 

Child James, bom February 26th, baptized April 13th; parents, 
James and Elenore Minzy, 

Child Johan, bom March 26th, baptized May 9th; parents Ga- 
briel and Mary Fought. 

Illegitimate, Child Ruth, bom December 4th, baptized May 
13th; parents, James and Mary McChever. 

*Child Isaac, bom January 12th, baptized May 13th; parents, 
Wm. and Susanna St idham 

Child William, born March loth, baptized May 13th; parents, 
Wm. and Margaret Almond. 

Illegitimate child David, bom May 29, 1754, baptized May 
17th, 1755; parents, David Killpatrick, mother, Mary Montgom- 

*Child Jonas, bom April 17th, baptized May 19th; parents, 
Morten aud Sarah Wallraven. 

Child John, bora August 29, 1754. baptized June 22nd: 
parents, John and Jeane Stuart Morten. 

*Child James, bom April 15th, baptized June 8th; parents. 
Charles and Annie Springer Johnson. 

*Child Henry, bom May 7th, baptized June 8th; parents Mat- 
thias and Rebecca Morten. 

Illegitimate child John, bom May nth, baptized June 8th; 
parents, John Lokton and Mary Grissith Lokton. 

Child James, bom May 2nd, baptized June 8th, parents, James 
and Lady McGinnis. 

*Child Mary bom May nth, baptized June i.sth; parents Wil- 
liam and Mary Dirrickson. 

Child Hannah, bom September 16, 1749, at Marcus Hook, bap- 
tized June 28th; parents, Henry and Mary Stidham. 

Child William, bora April 12th, at Marcus Hook, baptized 
June 28th; parents, Ibenhard and Cathrine Steyerwald. 


Child Jeane, bom May 15th, at Marcus Hook, baptized June 
28th; parents, Thomas and Elenor Diric. 

Allen, bom March 25, 1735, at Marcus Hook, baptized June 
28th ; son of Allen and Lady Robnet. 

*Child Thomas, bom June 13th, baptized July 13th; parents, 
James and Mary Springer. 

Child Elizabeth, born December 8th, 1754, baptized July 13th; 
parents. Chambers and Rebecca Hall. 

♦Child Cathrina, born June 25th, baptized July 13th; parents* 
John and Anna Senue. 

♦Child Rachael bora June 6th, baptized July 13th; parents, 
Peter and Rebecca Springer. 

Child Abraham, born June 30th, baptized July 25th; parents, 
Jacob and Elizabeth Keu. 


Child Sarah, born March 31st, baptized July 25th; parents, 
John and Jane Carter. 

Child Rebecca, bora May 17th, baptized July 26th; parents, 
Alexander and Martha Oggle. 

Child Edward, bora March i8th, baptized August 3d ; parents, 
Thomas and Jane Dufs. 

Child Elizabeth, bora June 3d, baptized August 3d ; parents, 
James and Jane Alisson. 

Child Anne, bora March 19th, baptized August 6th ; parents, 
Joseph and Margret Abrahams. 

Child Peter, bora July 20th, baptized August loth ; parents, 
Swen and Anna Brunberg. 

Child Jeremiah, bora July 4th, baptized August loth ; par- 
ents, Charles and Mary Springer. 

Child Mary, bora Jime 29th, baptized August 23d ; parents, 
William and Sarah Witehead. 

Child Thomas, bora July 17th, baptized August 24th ; parents, 
Johan and Elizabeth Stille. 

Child Elias, bora July 22d, baptized September 7th ; parents, 
Johan and Mary King. 

Child Rachael, bora May 10, 1754, baptized September 9th; 
parents, Jonathan and Jean Kirk. 



Child Tabitha, bom August 6th, baptized September 12th ; par- 
ents, James and Jeane Kirk. 

Child Cathrina, born August 30th, baptized September 13th ; 
parents, Cornelius and Sarah Heins. 

Child Sarah, bom August 27th, baptized September 2Tst ; par- 
ents, Hans and Susanna Bauman. 

Child Hans George, bora August 14th, baptized September 
2ist ; parents, Jacob and Martha Lena Stukel. 

Child Adam, bom September 23d, baptized September 27th ; 
parents, Jasper and Susanna Justis. 

Child Lucas, bom July 6th, baptized September 28th : par-