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Full text of "Records of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, in New England. Printed by order of the General Assembly"

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v.V OENEALOGY COLLECTION 

1151583 



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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

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http://www.archive.org/details/recordsofcolonyo05rhod 



(To h Y) i 6 I 

RECORDS 



COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND 



PKOYIDENCE PLANTATIONS 



NEW ENGLAND 




PRIiSlTED BY ORDER OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 

EDITED BY 

JOHN RUSSELL BARTLETT, 

SECRETARY OF STATE. 

VOL, V. 



1741 TO 1756. 



PROVIDENCE: 

KNOWLES, ANTHONY & CO., STATE PRINTERS. 

1860. 



1151583 

> PREFACE. 

[ 

The present, or fifth volume of the Colonial Records of 

- Rhode Island, includes but sixteen years of its history. It 
commences in 1741, closes with 1756, and is chiefly devoted 
to that portion of its annals which includes the wars between 
Great Britain and France. These wars were the beginning 
of the great struggle for empire in North America. At the 
commencement of this struggle, the British colonies were con- 
fined to a narrow belt of territory, scarcely reaching, at its 
broadest point, three hundred miles from the Atlantic coast. 

^Part of New England, the greater portions of New York, Pennsyl- 
vania and Virginia, as well as all the vast region to the west of 

k these colonies, were then included in Louisiana, or New France ; 
while the Spanish possessions crowded close upon Georgia and 

^the Carolinas, under the general name of Florida, and ex- 
tended nearly to the Mississippi. The New England colo" 

Miies and New York were the most prominent in these wars, 
but none of them more so than Rhode Island. The ships 
fitted out by her and sent against the enemy, were more nu. 
merous than those of either of the other colonies ; while her 
soldiers were prominent in all the expeditions for the reduction 
of Canada, and other portions of the French empire, in America. 
In the expeditions sent against Louisburg, Cape Breton, Crown 
Point, Ticonderoga, Oswego, Quebec and other places, her 
troops or ships took part ; and the correspondence, in this vol- 
ume, of her Governors with the home government, the British 
admirals and generals, as well as with the Governors of the 
other English colonies, show the position which she held, and the 
aid she offered in the struggle for supremacy on the continent. 



1\'. rilKi'AOJ'. 

In the war between Great Britain and Spain, Rhode Island 
also furnished her contingent, by sending troops to Cuba, as 
the proceedings of the General Assembly, and the correspond- 
ence accompanying will show. 

The issuing of bills of credit, or paper money, to a vast 
amount, by the English colonies, which was absolutely necessa- 
ry, to enable them to meet the heavy expenditures required of 
them to carry on their several campaigns, is another prolific 
subject for discussion in this volume. The numerous acts for 
the emission and calling in of this paper money, the several 
objects for which the emissions were made, the correspondence 
Avith the other colonies in relation to the same, and with the 
British government, in its efforts to curtail and check the enor- 
mous emissions, are given at length. Among these documents, 
the official report of Governor Ward to the lords commissionei's 
of trade and plantations, written in 1740, giving a full history 
of the paper money emissions from 1710 to 1740, the causes 
of these issues, the exertions and sacrifices made by the colony 
to assist the mother country in her foreign wars, will be found 
of great interest. 

The originals received by the colony, of all the orders of the 
King and council; Ihe letters, commissions, instructions and 
other documents, printed or referred to in this volume, are 
among the archives of the secretary of state's office, in Provi- 
dence, chronologically arranged and bound in volumes, where 
they may be conveniently referred to. Besides these, there are 
among the archives, many military returns, and other papers 
connected with the French wars, showing the names of the of- 
ficers and men of the Bhode Island regiments, with a variety 
of original letters and documents of a private nature, belonging 
to the period embraced in this volume, which are not printed. 

Providence, January, 1860. J. R. B. 



RHODE ISLAND RECORDS. 



EHODE ISLAND RECORDS 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of FJiode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at WarvncJc, the 2^ith day 
of January, 1741. 

The Hon. Richard Ward, Governor. 

The lion. William Greene, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act for the more effectually putting the colony in a proper 

posture of defence. 

Whereas, there is an absolute necessity of putting the colo- 
ny, and particularly the town of Newport, in a better posture 
of defence, not only in regard to the present war with Spain ; 
but, more especially, as all advices from abroad suppose a war 
with France inevitable in the spring : 

And whereas, it hath been found vastly prejudicial to this 
colony, the act empowering the freemen and soldiers to choose 
their own military officers ; and as the fines already stated by 
law, on soldiers' neglecting their attendance on military duty, 
have been too small ; — 

All which being duly considered, be it enacted by the Gen- 
eral Assembly, and by the authority thereof, it is enacted, that 



4 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1741 

tlio aforesaid act empowering the freemen and soldiers choosing 
their military officers, be, and it is hereby repealed, and de- 
clared null and void ; and that for the future, the General As- 
sembly, annually, at their session holden in May, choose and 
elect the military officers in this government, and to be com- 
missioned by His Honor, the Governor, as usual ; and that the 
military officers already elected be continued in their respec- 
tive ofhces till the first Wednesday in May next. 

And l3e it fuither enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
for the future, the council of war shall consist of the Governor, 
and so many of the council for the time being as are then 
present, the field officers, and the captains of each company 
(and the lieutenant in the absence of the captain), and no oth- 
ers ; who are hereby empowered to appoint such other days as 
may be necessary, to discipline the militia, and make them ex- 
pert in the use of their arms, over and above the four training 
days by law appointed in war time ; and that every soldier 
neglecting to give his attendance and do his duty in that ser- 
vice, shall be obliged to pay as a fine, the sum of ton shillings, 
and forty shillings for each day's neglect on an alarm ; which 
fines shall be appropriated towards the maintaining a magazine 
for the public use in each county, after the necessary charge 
of each company is defrayed. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
there be two more companies made in the town of Newport, and 
proper officers appointed over them by the General Assembly. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the lower battery, at Fort George, be repaired and enlarged, 
so as to mount ten or more cannon ; and that a committee be 
appointed for that purpose, and to make all necessary altera- 
tions and reparations at said fort and battery. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
there be a magazine or powder house, of brick, erected, not ex- 
ceeding twenty-four feet in diameter, in some convenient place 
in the town of Newport, to contain the powder that may be im- 
ported into this colony ; and that there be ten barrels of pow- 
ord procured at the colony charge, and for their use ; and also 



1741.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 5 

a suitable quantity of ball, to be lodged in said magazine ; and 
the same quantity from time to time to be there kept ; and 
that there be three barrels of powder and a suitable quantity 
of ball procured for the county of Providence ; and the same 
quantity of each, for the county of Kings county, all for the 
use of the colony, to be under the care of the field officers of 
each county ; and that ten field pieces be procured for the use 
of the colony, to be kept in the county of Newport ; and a 
committee to be appointed for the purposes aforesaid. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
all persons making solemn engagement before the Governor or 
any magistrate, in the respective counties where an alarm 
is made, that its against their conscience to bear arms at all? 
shall, on an alarm, appear at the Governor's or magistrate's, as 
aforesaid, either with horses (though without arms), to be em- 
ployed as scouts, messengers, watches, &c. ; or else, if they ap- 
pear on foot, that they be divided into companies, and obey the 
Governor's or magistrate's order, to remove women and chil- 
dren, or sick persons out of immediate danger ; or to watch 
against or extinguish any fires that may bo kindled at such 
times, either by design or accident ; and to do any other duty 
consistent with their religious principles ; and any person, as 
aforesaid, not appearing, shall be obliged to pay the sum of 
forty shillings for each day's neglect. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
one field officer, with the commissioned officers of each compa- 
ny, are appointed a court martial to punish or fine any soldier 
under arms, for any offence by him committed, agreeable to 
the nature and circumstances thereof 

Yoted and resolved, that Col. John Cranston, Col. John 
Gardner and Major Hezekiah Carpenter, be, and they are 
hereby appointed a committee to consider in what manner two 
companies more be made in the town of Newport, and do what 
is necessary to be done at the fort, according to the afore-writ- 
ten act ; and that Peter Bours, Esq., Messrs. William Ellery 
and Ezbon Sanford, be, and they are hereby appointed a com- 
mittee to build a magazine at Newport, and procure powder 



6 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1741. 

and ball, agreeable to the said act ; and that the said commit- 
tee draw money out of the general treasury for the purposes 
aforesaid. 

Voted and resolved, that the Honorable William Greene and 
Ezeldel Warner, Esqs., Messrs. Daniel Abbott, John Jenkins 
and Ishmacl Spink, be, and they are hereby appointed a com- 
mittee, they, or the major part of them, to examine whether the 
boundary marks, in the line between this colony and the colo- 
ny of Connecticut, at, or near the south-west corner of War- 
wick Purchase, be removed, and make report to the next ses- 
sion of this Assembly. 

Voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, with 
those of his council, living upon Rhode Island, or the major 
part of them, procure a suitable vessel and send to Annapolis 
for the commissioners appointed to settle the boundaries be- 
tween this colony and the Province of the :Massachusetts Bay, 
&c., in such manner as may be agreeable to the dignity of those 
gentlemen ; and for that purpose, that they draw money out of 
the general treasury. 

Voted and resolved, that the committee appointed to take 
care of the colony sloop, procure the same to be rigged and 
graved, by the last day of March next ensuing. 

Voted and resolved, that the account of James Martin, sec- 
retary, amounting to £-40 10^. 10(7., being for his time, trouble, 
horse-hire, expenses, &c., in going to Boston, to fetch the com- 
mission (and copies thereof), for settling the boundaries between 
this colony and the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, be al- 
lowed, and paid out of the general treasury. 
God save the King. 

Ldtcrsfmn the Board of Trade, reMive to paper money. 

Whitohall, July 5, 1739. 
Gcntlemon : Wo send you, liercwitli, copies of two aililrcsses from the House of 
Lords, and likewise two u.ldresses* from the House of Commons, to His Majesty, 
of the'lSth of the last month, and desire that you will forthwith prepare and trans- 



« The addresses hero referred to, are not among the luiblic archives. 



1741.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



mit to us, as soon as possible, the several accounts therein required, that the same 
may be laid before the respective Houses, at the next meeting of Parliament. 
So we bid you heartily farewell ; and are 

Your very loving friends and humble servants, 

MONSON, R. PLUMER, 

EDWARD ASHE, M. BLADEN. 

To the Governor and Company, of Rhode Island. 

Whitehall, May 20, 1 740. 
Gentlemen : In pursuance of an address of the House of Commons, to His Maj- 
esty, on the 25th April, 1 740, and of His Majesty's commands, signified to us by 
His Grace, the Duke of Newcastle, in his letter, dated the 30th April, you are im- 
mediately to prepare, and, as soon as possible, transmit to us, in order to be laid 
before the House of Commons, at their next meeting, an account of the tenour, and 
amount of the bills of credit which have been created and issued in your govern- 
ment, that are now outstanding, with their respective times when such bills, so out- 
standing, were issued ; with the amount of said bills in money of Great Britain, both 
at the time such bills were issued, and at the time of preparing your account. 

You are likewise to send therewith your opinion what will be the most easy and 
effectual manner of sinking and discharging all such bills of credit, with the least 
prejudice to the inhabitants of your government, and interruption of the commerce 
of this kingdom. 

And we desire you will use all possible despatch in this matter, that we may have 
your returns early enough for us toconsider thereof before the beginning of the next 
session. So we bid you heartily farewell ; and are 

Your very loving friends, and humble servants, 
MONSON, M. BLADEN, 

R. PLUMER, JA. BRUDENELL. 

EDW. ASHE, 
To the Governor and Company, of Rhode Island. 

Whitehall, August 19, 1640. 
Sir : We send you, herewith enclosed, the copy of an address to the House of 
Commons, to His Majesty, in the last session of Parliament, by which you will per- 
ceive how much they apprehend the commerce of Great Britain to have been af- 
fected by the large and frequent emissions of paper currency in His Majesty's colo- 
nies, in America, in which Rhode Island has had too large a share. And His Maj- 
esty, in pursuance of said address, having sent circular instructions to the several 
colonies more immediately under his government, not to pass any more bills for the 
issuing of paper money, without a clause therein, as proposed by the said addresss, 
to suspend the execution till His Majesty's pleasure shall be signified thereupon. 
We think proper to acquaint you therewith, and at the same time to admonish and 
idvise you to pay all due regard to His Majesty's intentions, and to the sense of 
the House of Commons, upon this occasion. 
So we bid you heartily farewell ; and are 

Your very loving friends, and humble servants, 
MONSON, M. BLADEN, 

CROFT, JA. BRUDENELL. 

! John Wanton, Esq., Governor of Rhode Island. 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1741. 



PicpoH of Governor Ward, to iJie Board of Trade, on paper money. 

Newport, January, the 9tb, 1740. 
To the Right Honorable the Lords and Commissioners of Trade for the Foreign 

Plantations : 

May it please your Lordships : We have received your Lordships's letter of the 
20th of May, with the votes of the Honorable House of Commons, of the 2oth of 
April last, respecting the emission of paper money in the plantations, and now 
transmit your Lordships an account of the several emissions made by this colony ; 
but before we enter on that business, we humbly ask leave to premise to your 
Lordships, that it is now but an hundred years since the English came into this 
colony, then a hideous wilderness, and inhabited b}' Indians only ; of whom the 
land was purchased from time to time, as opportunity and circumstances would 
permit. 

And as the first settlers were not of the wealthiest sort, nor overstocked with ser- 
vants, the greatest part of their money was unavoidably swallowed up in procuring 
provision, clothing and utensils for husbandry and labor, to subdue and cviltivate 
the soil ; whence it came to pass, that although there be several commodious har- 
bors within this colony, and a part of the Atlantic ocean makes our southern boun- 
dary, yet little or no navigation was carried on till about the beginning of the 
present century ; necessity engaging the inhabitants to employ the whole of their 
time and care — -some to bring to, and manure the land, others to follow such trades 
and occupations as they were most capable of, for the support of themselves and 
those who depended on them. Indeed, they had a small matter of money, but that 
was chiefly the remains of what they and their fathers had brought into the 
country. 

In the year 1710, we had orders from Her Majesty, the late Queen Ann, to raise 
and c(juip a number of soldiers, to assist in an expedition designed against the 
French and Indian enemies, which we cheerfully performed, but could not effect, 
without striking off a quantity of paper money, to supply the want ol silver and 
gold (then exceeding scarce). Seven thousand pounds in bills, were therefore 
emitted, and put into the treasury, for discharging the debts that the government 
had contracted, by raising aud equipping those soldiers. These bills amounted to 
about £4,593 15s., and passed equal to silver at eight shillings per ounce, and 
were to remain outstanding for the space of five yeai-s. 

Anno 1711, the war continuing, and the government too plainly seeing the afore- 
said £7,000 were not sufficient to answer the bonds for which they were emitted, 
added £.0,300 to the former emission, which likewise passed equal to silver at eight ; 
shillings per ounce, and amounted to about £4,134 7s. 6f/. 

We have already observed to your Lordships, that husbandry and mechanical 
arts were the only employ of tlw inhabitants of this colony, till about the beginnin<r 
of the present century ; in consequence of which, a small medium of exchange was 
sufficient till other emergencies reipiired a larger. The colony had been obliged 
to assist in sundry expeditions, for reducing Port iloyal aud Canada ; and were un- 



1741.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



der an inevitable necessity of frequently taking the merchants' vessels and fittin"- 
them out at the public charge;, to defend us against the insults and depredations 
threatened by the enemy, who were almost every year, during the last war, hover- 
ing about our coast ; by which means, the government was greatly involved, and 
much in debt, notwithstanding the aforesaid emissions. 

The fort, likewise, which we had built at our own expense, was very much out 
of repair, and destitute of stores and ammunition. And there being also a necessi- 
ty of a public jail in Newport, the metropolis of the colony, we were compelled to 
make an emission of £40,000 in bills of credit, Anno 1715, which was issued on 
loan, at live per cent., to the inhabitants, for ten years, upon land security, taken 
to double the value of the money hired by each particular person ; the interest 
thereof, was applied, part to sink the two former banks, part to pay off the public 
debts, part to defray the expenses of repairing the fort and furnishing it with stores 
and the other part to the building and support of the jail, aud to defray the other 
incidental charges of the government. 

Silver was worth twelve shillings per ounce at the time of making these last bills, 
and their whole amount was about £17,500. 

1721. As the little trade of our colony (which was almost stagnated in the 
long war with France), had begun to revive upon the peace made at Utrecht, the 
merchants found themselves in a capacity of rendering it more extensive, through 
the assistance of that medium they were furnished with, by the emission of paper 
bills. Anno 1715, they accordingly built more vessels, and generously advanced into 
a much larger trade, and every thing among us seemed to be in flourishing circum- 
stances. 

But the merchants of Boston, annually receiving vast quantities of goods from 
Great Britain, and not having a sufficiency of the product of this country to make 
proper remittances home, bought up all the gold and silver they could lay their 
hands upon, in this and the neighboi'ing governments, in order to pay their debts 
in England. This rendered those commodities very scarce, and our bills having ob- 
tained a currency amongst our neighbors in the adjacent governments, became 
scarce likewise. 

Our trade was nevertheless still increasing, and the fort wanted a further repair . 
all which obliged us to emit another £40,000, A. D. 1721, which was let out upon 
loan, at five per cent., on land security (as the bills in 1715 had been), for the term 
of five years. And that the industrious might have a suitable encouragement, the 
treasurer was ordered to receive the interest thereof in good merchantable hemp 
and flax, from such persons as should tender it, at such prices as should from time 
to time be set by the General Assembly ; which interest hath been appropriated to 
the use of the public. Silver was worth about sixteen shillings per ounce at the 
time of making those bills; and their whole amount was about £13,125. 

The time fixed for paying in the £40,000 of 1715, being come, the government 
were made sensible that many people who had taken those bills, having laid out the 
greatest part thereof in building houses, and otherwise improving their estates, were 
not in a capacity of paying the same in one entire sum as they had received it ; and 
considering they had all along punctually paid their interest, to prevent the utter 
ruin and destruction of many industrious families, continued that bank, out upon in- 
terest, for three years further, viz. : until the year 1 728, at which time, the same was 
ordered to be sunk by ten annual payments of one tenth part of the whole, which 
halh been done accordingly. 
VOL. V. 2 



10 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1741. 

The surprising rrrowth of our commerce, occasioned in a great measure by tlie mer- 
chants' being sa[)plied with a medium of exchange, from the emissions of paper 
bills in 1715 and 1 721, invited people of all sorts and conditions to come from all parts 
and settle among us. This made our colony populous, furnished us with mechan- 
ics of everykind, and helped us to make a further progress in trade and navi- 
gation, which refjuired a larger medium than we had. 

Therefore, Anno 1728, seeing that the merchants of Boston still persisted in buy- 
ing up the silver and gold, that £4,000 of the bills then extant, were to be sunk 
annually, and that the ibrt was so far gone to decay, that to build a new one more 
regular, strong and larger, was conceived to be most advantageous and beneficial, 
the General Assembly emitted £40,000 more, in bills of public credit, which was 
hired out upon the same loan, for thirteen years, upon the like good security, with 
the bills fbnnerly emitted ; the interest whereof, hath been appropriated to the 
building of a new fort and other public uses. Silver was at eighteen shillings per 
ounce at the striking off of these bills, and their total amount about £ll,t;GG 
13.S-. 4(/. 

Fre(iuent experiments had convinced several of our farmers and husbandmen 
that the soil of the colony was very suitable for the production of hemp ; but it be- 
ing a new undertaking, they petitioned the General Assembly that proper en- 
couragement might be given them to raise a commodity which would not only be 
very serviceable to us, but might in time, prove of advantage to Great Britain 
itself 

It was also considered that the Provinces of the Massachusetts Bay and New 
Hampshire had been very successful, and served themselves in an eminent manner, 
by the whale and cod fishery ; and that this colonj- was well situated to carry on so 
valuable a branch of trade. 

The (ieneral Assemiily thereupon, Anno 1731, passed an act for the emitting of 
£ GO, 000 in bills of public credit, of the same tenor and on the same establishment 
with the former banks ; the interest whereof, to be applied to the following uses : a 
premium or bounty was granted of nine pence per pound, on all good water-rotted, 
M'cll manufactured hemp that should be raised within this colony ; five shillings per 
barrel on whale oil, one penny per pound on whale bone, and five shillings per 
([uintal on good merchantable cod fish, taken in any vessels belonging to this colony, 
bilver was worth twenty-two shillings jier ounce, when these bills were emitted, and 
their amount was about £14,218 3s, Id. 

In the year 1 733, the colony having made some progress in the fishing business, 
perceived all tlieir endeavors that way would certainly prove ineffectual, unless a 
convenient harbor, nearer the fishing ground, than that of Newport (being the 
nighest), were found out. They therefore formed a scheme of making an harbor 
on Block Island, fit to receive our fishing vessels and the coasters of this and the 
neighboring governments. At the same time, we had just finished a very handsome, 
regular fort of stone and mortar, and as this fort is much larger than the former, and 
hath a large battery on the west side more than the other had, a number of can- 
non, carriages, &e., were wanting, and could not be obtained without money. 

On this, therefore, and the aforeinentioned occasion, the General Assembly made 
another bank of £104,000 in bills of public credit, part of which was expended in pur- 
chasing cannons, carriag(;s and other military stores for the fort, and the remiaiuler 
exhibited upon loan in the same manner, and on the like good security with the for- 
mer banks; i)art of the interest money ari^ing thereon ai)[n-o])riated to build a pier 



1741.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 11 

ami make the harbor on Block Island, and the rest of the said interest to the use 
of the public. Silver was worth at the emission of those bills, twenty-five shillings 
per ounce ; and their total amount about £21,840. 

1738. We emitted $100,000 more, on the like security with the former banks, 
the interest to be appropriated to the building of a large brick state house, for the 
colony's use, and to erect a light house for the benefit of our navigation, and to ren- 
der it more easy and secure. The cause of this emission, also, was the want of a suf- 
ficient medium of exchange. For the colony of Connecticut carries on but a small 
trade, and that chiefly with the produce of their own soil, as wheat, Indian corn, 
peas, beans, onions, beef;, pork, and such like commodities, and therefore stand in 
need of a very small medium, which, with a quantity of our bills passing there, bath 
rendered it unnecessary for them to make any large emissions of bills of credit ; and 
the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, having their hands so tied up, that notwith- 
standing a great number of our bills is circulating among them, the merchants of 
Boston have been forced to emit a round sum of negotiable notes of hand, to supply 
the want of money, and prevent business from stagnation. Silver was at about 
twenty-seven shillings per ounce, when these bills were emitted ; and their 
amount about £ 19,444 8.?. lOd. 

1740. As the King's Most Excellent Majesty had engaged in a just and neces- 
sary war against Spain, on account of the repeated depredations and unheard of 
cruelties by that nation exercised on our fellow-subjects, the General Assembly, at 
their session last winter, calling to mind the great danger we were constantly ex- 
posed to, in the late war with the French, by being unprovided with avessel of war of 
our own, and so frequently obliged to take the vessels of private persons, and equip 
them in haste to go out and fight the enemy, as they came to infest our coast, re- 
solved, and accordingly built, early the last spring, a fine sloop, of the burthen of 
one hundred and fifteen tons, mounted her with twelve carriage and twelve swivel 
guns ; and furnished her with small arms, pistols, cutlasses, &c., to defend us against 
the enemy, should we be attacked. 

In the former part of the current year, we received His Majesty's royal instruc- 
tions, directing us to raise as many able bodied, effective men in this colony as 
would voluntarily enlist in his service, on an expedition intended against some of 
the King of Spain's territories in the West Indies. In obedience to which, the 
General Assembly immediately appointed three captains, and passed an act granting 
a bounty of £3, and other encouragement to every such man that should voluntarily 
enter into the aforesaid service. This zeal in the Assembly, animated the common 
people to such a degree, that two of the captains had completed their companies, 
each consisting of one hundred men, within the space of two months; the third had 
collected above seventy soldiers, and would have made up his company in due time, 
had the government been honored with another of the royal commissions. 

These soldiers were billeted out, at the charge of the public (from the time of 
their being enlisted, till they were disbanded, about the 16th of August); and so 
were the other two companies, till the middle of September, when they embarked 
for New York, in two transports, hired by the colony, tor that purpose, having first 
received blankets and other necessaries, as a further gi'atuity from the government ; 
all which extraor.linary expenses, and the incident charges of government, greatly 
augmented by the war, made it absolutely necessary to emit more bills of public credit. 
Upon which, the Assembly have this year, 1740, passed an act for issuing out 
£20,t>00 in paper bills, equivalent to silver, stated at six shillings and nine pence 



12 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1741. 

per ounce, to be let out at four cent, upon loan (on such lanj security ns bath been 
heretofore taken), for ten years, and then to be sunk by ten equal annual payments. 
Silver is now worth twenty-seven shillings per ounce, and the whole of this bank 
amounts to about £15,555 lis. Id. 

And now, may it please your Lordships, having given you an exact account of 
the several emissions of our paper bills, their amount, &c., as was required, we en- 
treat your Lordships to consider that this colony was first purchased, then settled, 
and hath been at all times defended by its inhabitants at tlieir own proper costs and 
charges, as well against the Indian natives in former times, as against foreign ene- 
mies of latter years ; and that without ever becoming chargeable to our mother 
country, or repining at the expense ; for, although we were not rich, yet poverty 
was a stranger among us, till the year 1710, when we were called upon to appear 
in the field for the honor and interest of Great Britain. The vast expense of that 
and other expeditions, in the war, reduced us to a low ebb ; yet we manfully 
struggled through our difficulties, and upon the restoration of peace, boldly ventured 
upon enlarging our trade, which God Almighty hath crowned with so great a suc- 
cess, that we follow the same path to this day. 

We have now above one hundred and twenty sail of vessels belonging to the in- 
habitants of this colony, all constantly employed in trade ; some on the coast of Af- 
rii'a, others, in the neighboring colonies, many in the West Lidies, and a few in 
Europe. 

Besides the two hundred soldiers raised for His Majesty's immediate service, the 
merchants of the town of Newport have equipped five privateers, with crews 
amounting in the whole, to near four hundred men, who are now cruising against 
the Spaniards. 

Our fort is provided with thirty-six cannon, well mounted, and furnished with a 
suitable quantity of military stores; by which, and our having a privateer able to 
figlit a hundred men on her deck, and ready upon all emergencies, we are become 
the barrier and best security of the New England trade. 

These, may it please your Lordships, are matters of the utmost importance to 
us ; for navigation is one main pillar on which this government is supported at 
jircsent ; and we never should have enjoyed this advantage, had not the govern- 
ment emitted bills of credit to supply the merchants with a medium of exchange, 
always proportioned to the increase of their commerce ; without this, we should 
have been in a miserable condition, unable to defend ourselves against an enemy, 
or to assist our neighbors in times of danger. 

In short, if this colony be in any respect happy and flourishing, it is paper money, 
and a right application of it, that hath rendered us so. And that we are in a flour- 
ishing condition, is evident from our trade, which is greater in proportion to the di- 
mensions of our government, than that of any colony in His JIajesty's American 
dominions. 

Nor have we served ourselves only, liy engaging so deeply in navigation. The 
neighboring governments liave been in a great measure, supplied witli rmn, sugar, 
molasses and other West India goods by us brought home and sold to them liere. 
Nay, Boston, itself, the metropolis of the Massachusetts, is not a little obliged to ns 
for rum and sugar and molasses, which they distil into rum, for the use of iheir fish- 
ermen, &c. 

The West Indies have likewise reaped great advantng'" from our trade, by being 
supplied whh luiulxM- of all sorts, suitable li'i- Imilding liouses, sngai- works and 



1741.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 13 



making casks ; beef, pork, flour and other provisions, we are daily carryinfr to tlicm 
with horses to turn their mills, and vessels for their own use ; and our African 
trade often furnishes them with slaves for their plantations. To all this, we be^ 
leave to add, that the merchants of Great Britain, have, within these twelve months, 
or thereabouts, received seven or eight sail of ships from this colony, for "oods im- 
ported here of late, and sold to the inhabitants. 

On the whole, your Lordships will perceive that the various emissions of bills in 
this colony were made to answer good and generous intentions ; that the intevest 
arising on the several banks, together with part of some of the principal sums, have 
been applied to the necessary defence and support of the colony, building ot piers 
and harbors, for promoting the fishing business, and to encourage the raising and 
manufacturing of hemp, &c. 

And although the sums emitted, are large in sound, yet, when the whole of what 
we have outstanding, to wit : £340,000, is reduced to sterling money, it will not 
amount to more than £88,074 I65. lO^d., a very small sum to answer for a medium 
of exchange, considering the extent of our trade, the number of inhabitants, and 
their improvements ; and that those bills answer the same end, and are the major 
part of the currency in the neighboring governments, and the banks emitted in 
1728 and 1731, will begin to be sunk the ne.xt year. 

Your Lordships will doubtless observe, that paper bills, have from the time of 
their being first made, sunk in value, till of late years, the cause whereof (which 
common experience hath taught us), we humbly take leave to suggest to your 
Lordships, it is supposed by many that the frequent emissions of those bills hath ef- 
fected their depreciation. But the contrary may be saffely averred. For they al- 
wa}S passed, and were received equal to silver, at so much per ounce, till the mer- 
chants of Boston, having large quantities of goods from Europe, and supplying all 
the governments of New England therewith, could find no way to make sufficient 
remittances, but by buying up all the silver and gold they could purchase. This 
put those commodities on the same level with common merchandize ; and so they 
who wanted it most, bid higher and higher, till gold and silver arrived to the price 
they now bear, always taking care to rate their goods in proportion to what they 
last gave for sterling money. And this is the only true way of accounting for that 
misfortune ; and what confirms it is, that the colony of Connecticut have not, at this 
time, above £13,000 or £14,000 extant, in bills of credit; and yet it takes as much 
of their money to purchase an ounce of silver, as it does of the iilassachusetts. New 
Hampshire or ours. Hereto, we beg leave to add, that within the space of about 
six or seven years, several of the merchants of Newport have contracted a corres- 
pondence in London, procured goods to be sent to them, and thereby so well sup- 
plied our shop-keepers, that our dependence on Boston hath been in some measure 
taken off. In return for those goods, our merchants have remitted to their corres- 
pondents, ships of our own building, logwood fetched from the Bay of Honduras, in 
our own vessels; bills of exchange purchased of the planters, in the West Indies, 
and other commodities, in such quantities, that for these six years last past, bills 
have continued be equal to silver, at twenty-seven shillings per ounce. 

We are required to give our sentiments with regard to the easiest method of 
sinking the bills of credit now outstanding. In answer thereto, we can only assure 
your Lordships, that after our utmost efforts to do our money justice and save llic 
inhabitants from inevitable ruin, we have not been able lo find out a hcUvv way 



14 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1741. 

than to sink the several banks by ten 0(iual annual payments. AVe have learnt from 
experience that this is a safe course, and therefore pursue it. 

To conclude, we are humbly of opinion, that, considering the good foundation on 
which our bills have been emitted, and the substantial security taken (according to 
the several acts) for paying in the same, no damage can possibly accrue from 
those emissions, which encourages us to hope that your Lordships and the honora- 
ble inspectors into those affairs will, from what little has been offered, view the state 
of this colony in a true light, and find that we have acted such a part as has ren- 
dered this government strong and secure against our enemies, without any charge 
to Great Britain, and a barrier to that very Province that is always reviling us for 
the loss of their trade, as well as advanced ourselves to be not the most inconsider- 
able of His Majesty's plantations in America. 

We are, may it please your Lordships, 

Your most obedient and very humble servants, 
RICHARD WARD,' Governor, 
For the company of the colony of Rhode Island, &c. 



PrweccUngs of the General Assemhli/ held for ilie Colon// of 
Rhode Island and ^Providence Plantaiions, at Providence, the 
first Wednesday of April. 1741. 

The Hon. Richard Ward, Governor. 

The lion. Williuni Greene, Deputy Governor. 

^Vith the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act fur incorporating the west end of the town of East 

Greenwich into a town.ship, and the same to be distinguished 

and known by the name of West Greenwich. 

Wliereas, several of the inhabitants of the aforesaid town of 
East Greenwich, by petition to this Assembly, did set forth the 
great disadvantage they labor under, on account of the great 
extent of said town ; and, as it is conceived, it will be more for 
tlie ease and benefit of all its inhabitants in transacting and 
negotiating the prudential affairs thereof, to have a division 
maile ; — r 

r>e il therefore iMiacted by tho General Assembly, and by 
the autiioiity thereof it is enacted, that from the westerly line 



1741.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 15 

of the old township, unto the colony line, he set off and incor- 
porated a township, and the same to be distinguished and 
known by the name of West Greenwich ; and that the in- 
habitants thereof, from time to time, shall have, and enjoy the 
like benefits, liberties, privileges and immunities with other 
towns in this colony, according to our charter. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
John Spenser, Esq., a justice of the peace, living within the 
aforesaid new town, remain in his office till the first Wednes- 
day in INIay, next ; and that he grant forth a warrant to call in 
the inhabitants of the said town together on the third Tuesday 
of this instant April, to elect such town officers as they shall 
have occasion for, and the law directs ; and to appoint the time 
of their town meeting, and the places, and to choose and elect 
two deputies, to represent them at the next General Assembly, 
and so on, as by the charter is directed. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesai^;!, that 
said town shall send one petit juror to the superior couit of 
judicature, court of assize and general jail delivery ; and one 
grand and one petit juror to the inferior court of common 
pleas and general sessions of the peace. 

And it is also further enacted, that there be two trustees 
appointed for the said new town, for the letting out of its pro- 
jjortionable part of the £20,000, ordered to be emitted. 

Voted and resolved, that John Spenser, Esq. and jMr. John 
Greene, be committee men for the town of West Greenwich, to 
let out their proportionable part of the bank money. 

Voted and resolved, that Peter Bours, Samuel Clarke, Tho^. 
Spenser, William Jenckes, Stephen Hopkins, Daniel Abbott, 
Francis Willett, Henry Bull, Daniel Updike, James Honey- 
man, Jr. and Thomas Ward, Esqs., or any four of them, be, 
and they are hereby appointed a committee to represent and 
manage the affairs of this colony before the commissioners to 
hear and determine the boundary between this colony and tlic 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay ; and they are hereby fully 
empowered to employ one or more attorney or attornics, and 



16 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1741. 

to do all ;iiicl every thing else lawful aud necessary for prose- 
cuting said affiiir to effect. 

And also, that Ezekicl Warner and George Brown, Esqs., 
both of Providence, in the county of Providence, in said colony, 
be, and they are hereby appointed and chosen the two public 
oificers in this colony, pursuant to the commission for settling 
the boundary between this colony and said Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay. 

Voted and resolved, that the attorney general sue to the 
next inferor court of common pleas, to be held at Newport, all 
the committees of the several towns in this colony, who have 
not made return of the mortgages and bonds to the grand com- 
mittee, and bonds for interest to the general treasurer, which 
they took for the proportionable part of the last bank, and the 
former banks, belonging to each town, to account for the 
same. 

An Act (or equipping the colony sloop, and sending of her out 

to cruise, &c. 

Be it enacted by the Gener,al Assembly, that the committee 
who procured the colony sloop to be built, forthwith equip and 
fit her with ammunition, stores and all other necessaries suita- 
ble for a cruise. 

And be it further enacted by the authoritty aforesaid, that 
Ilis Honor, the Governor, and so many of his council as" shall 
be present, together with the aforesaid committee, be, and they 
arc hereby empowered and directed to appoint forthwith a 
t-aptain, lieutenant, master, gunner, boatswain, carpenter, cook 
and twelve other men, upon the best terms they can, to be- 
long to said sloop constantly, until orders from the Assembly 
to the contrary. 

And be it enacted l^y the authority aforesaid, that Ilis 
Honor, tlie Governor, with the advice of such of his council as 
.shidl be present, from time to time, upon news of an enemy 
being updii tlie coast, shall (if they think proper to send out 
said sloop) immediately order the captain to beat up for vol- 



1741.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 17 

unteers, and enlist to the number of one hundred men with 
them before belonging to said sloop, and send her out with the 
greatest expedition. 

And if at any time there does not a sufficient number of 
men enlist, that His Honor, the Governor, be, and he is hereby 
directed and fully empowered to give out his warrant for im- 
pressing so many men as there shall be a necessity of, to make 
up the complement ; and that the volunteers, as well as those 
impressed, be under pay from the colony from the time they 
enter, or are impressed, till they are discharged. 

Whereas, James Greene and others, did, by petition to this 
Assembly, set forth that there is, on the south branch of Paw- 
tuxet river, within the township of Warwick, a very convenient 
place for the erecting of works for the refining of iron, and 
which it is conceived, will prove of great advantage to the public, 
in clearing land, &c. ; and as the same cannot be accomplished 
without building a dam across said river, and which, according 
to a late law of the colony, must be left open from the 10th 
day of April to the 20th day of May, annually, which would 
entirely frustrate the good design of the petitioners, therefore 
prayed that they might have the liberty of building their 
works, and erecting a dam across said river, for the purpose 
aforesaid, without being obliged to leave said dam open within 
the time aforesaid ; — 

Which being duly considered, be it enacted by the General 
Assembly, and by the authority thereof it is enacted, that the 
petitioners have liberty to build iron works on the south side 
of Pawtuxet river, and adjoining to their land, for the purpose 
aforesaid, and to erect a dam across said river, without being 
obliged to leave open the same within the time aforesaid. 

Voted and resolved, that the sum of £5 be allowed and paid 
out of the general treasury, to George Taylor, Esq., a justice of 
the peace, in the county of Providence, for his service in ad 
ministering the oaths of allegiance from a company of soldiers 
raised within the said county of Providence, to go in the ser 
vice of His present Majesty, on an expedition against the 
Spaniards. 

VOL. V. 3 



18 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1741. 

Whereas, William Jenckes, of Providence, in the county of 
Providence, Esq., did present to this Assembly a copy of the 
record of the laying out an open highway from Pawtucket 
bridge on the other side thereof, to the country road, to the 
satisfaction of said Assembly ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the said William 
Jenckes draw out of the general treasury the £50 granted him 
at the last October session, towards building one half of said 
bridge. 

Voted and resolved, that the sum of £30 be allowed and 
paid out of the general treasury to William Jenckes, Esq.^ 
which, together with the sum of £50 already ordered to be 
paid him by this Assembly, is in full satisfaction for the build- 
ing one half of Pawtucket bridge. 

An Act for laying an embargo on vessels (bound to sea) upon 

any emergent occasion. 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of this colony, and 
by the authority thereof it is enacted, that His Honor, the Gov- 
ernor, with such of his council as shall be present, be, and they 
are hereby empowered to lay an embargo upon all or any ves- 
sels in this colony, from time " to time, as they shall think 
needful. 

God save the Kino-. 



Procccdinrjs of the General AsscmU//, held for the Colony of liliode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Nciqmri, the Uh 
day of May, 17-11. 

The Hon. Richard Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. AVilliam Greene, Deputy Governor. 



1741.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 19 



ASSISTANTS. 

Capt. Benjamin Elleiy, Mr. John Dexter, 

Mr. Ezekiel Warner, Mr. Philip Arnold, 

Mr. Richard Fenner, Mr. John Wickes, 

Mr. Gideon Cornell, Mr. Christopher Phillips. 

Mr. Stephen Hopkins, speaker. 
Mr. Josias Lyndon, clerk. 

Voted, that the following be admitted freemen of this 
colony : 

Of Newport, Mathew Pate, Oliver Arnold, John Jepson, 
Philip Wilkinson, Jonathan Conklin, Edward Church, Joshua 
Lyon, William Pinnegar, Abraham Borden, Charles Wickham, 
Jonathan Easton, Jr., Benjamin Pitman, Thomas Melvil, John 
Clarke, shoemaker ; George Gibbs, William Weeden, Jr., Chris- 
topher Bennett, William Edmonds, Abner Coffin, Walter Rod- 
man, Henry Taggart, Philip Wanton, John Goddard, Israel 
Chapman, Charles Davenport, Clement Stanton, Samuel Hunt, 
Thomas Brewer, George Cornell, Jr., Peleg Carr and Caleb 
Carr. 

Of Providence, Jonathan Knight, Jr., Silas Field, John War- 
ner, Mathew Manchester, Phineas Brown, Thomas Fenner, son 
of Joseph ; Richard Fenner, Jr., Charles Atwood and William 
Borden. 

Of Portsmouth, Timothy Lawton and William Cogges- 
hall, Jr. 

Of Warwick, Charles Rhodes, Anthony Goff, Samuel Wales, 
Moses Blanchard and Joseph Wickes. 

Of Westerly, Ichabod Pressor, John Lewis, son to John 
Lewis, Jr., Stephen Lewis, Jedediah Irish and Peter Cran- 
dalL 

Of New Shoreham, Robert Hull, Nathaniel Rathbun and 
Samuel Dun. 

Of North Kinffstown, Simon Smith, Bber Shearman, son of 



20 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1741. 

William ; William Draper, Joseph Rodman, William Reynolds 
Jeremiah Gardner, Jr. and Jonathan Allen. 

Of East Greenwich, James Lewis, John WeUs, Ehenezer 
Mattason, John Nichols, son of Stephen ; William Clarke, Sam 
Rogers and Griflfen Sweet. 

Of Jamestown, John Eldred, Joshua Bill, Thomas Eldred 
and Nathaniel Church. 

Of Smithfield, Benjamin Bufium, Joseph Buffum, Philip 
Loja, Ahiah Angel, Elisha Arnold, William Whipple and Sam 
Irons. 

Of Scituate, Joseph Berry, David Daley, William Collins, 
Thomas Bennett, Jr. and David Young. 

Of Glocester, Benjamin Smith. 

Of Charlestown, James Rogers, Jr. and Amos Greene. 

Of West Greenwich, Abraham Mattason, Samuel Wilcox 
and Samuel Rogers, Jr. 



Proceedings of the General Assenibly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the first 
Wednesday of May, 1741. 

The Hon. Richard Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. William Greene, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

DEPUTIES. 

For Neivport. For Providence. 

Mr. George Goulding, Mr. John Potter, 

Mr. Daniel Gould, Col. Jabez Bowen, 

Col. John Cranston, Mr. Robert Gibbs, 

Mr. Joseph Whipple, Capt. Jonathan Randall. 
Capt. Ezbon Sanford. 



1741] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



21 



For Portsmouth. 
Mr. Stephen Brownell, 
Mr. Gideon Freeborne, 
Mr. Daniel Howland, 
Mr. Robert Lawton. 

For Wanvick. 
Major Joseph Stafford, 
Mr. William Holdon, 
Mr. Jeremiah Lippett, 
Capt. Abel Potter. 

For Westerly. 
Mr. Thomas Hiscox, 
Mr. William Champlin, 
For New SJioreJiam. 
Capt. Simon Ray, 
Mr. Henry Gardner. 

For North Kingstown. 
Mr. Job Tripp, 
Mr. John Reynolds. 

For South Kingstown. 
Capt. Robert Hassard, 
Capt. Ichabod Potter, 



DEPUTIES. 

For Fast Grecmvich. 
Mr. Thomas Spencer, 
Capt. Thomas Nichols. 

For Jamestown. 
Capt. Benjamin Sheffield, 
Mr. John Martin. 
Smithficld. 
Mr. Resolved Waterman, 
Mr. John Sayles. 
Scitiiate. 
Mr. Job Randal], 
Mr. Stephen Hopkins, 
Jr. Glocester. 

Mr. Edward Mitchell, 
Mr. Richard Steere. 

For Charlestotvn. 
Mr. Samuel Perry, 
Mr. Joseph Clarke. 

West Greenwich. 
Mr. John Greene, 
Mr. Joseph Slocum. 



Mr. Stephen Hopkins, speaker. 
Mr. Josias Lyndon, clerk. 

The following officers were declared elected, and duly 
engaged. 

The Hon. Richard Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. William Greene, Deputy Governor. 



Capt. Benjamin Ellery 
Mr. Peter Bours, 



ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. Ezekiel Warner, 
Mr. Richard Fenner, 



22 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1741. 



ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. Gideon Cornell, Mr. John Wickes, 

Mr. John Dexter, Mr. Christopher Phillips, 

Mr. Philip Arnold, Mr. Rouse Ilelme. 

SECRETARY. GENERAL TREASURER. 

Mr. James Martin. Mr. Gideon Wanton. 

An Act for the better sccnrity of the inhabitants at Block 

Island. 

Whereas, in the present war, now subsisting between His 
Sacred Majesty, the King of Great Britain and the King of 
Spain : the inhabitants at Block Island (being few in number) 
lie very much exposed to the depredations of the enemy ; — 

For preventing whereof, be it enacted by the General As- 
sembly of this colony, and by the authority thereof it is enacted, 
that the field officers of each of the respective counties of Provi- 
dence and Kings county, be empowered to impress and enlist 
ten good able men out of each of said counties, as soldiers, to 
be sent to New Shoreham, forthwith ; and as soon as conven- 
iently may be, to be transported at the charge of the colony, 
and there to remain in Ilis Majesty's service for the space of 
six months, for the assistance and protection of the inhabit- 
ants of said island against the enemy ; which soldiers shall be 
under the care and command of the captain of said island, and 
such lieutenant as shall be appointed under him, by His Honor, 
the Governor ; and such soldiers shall be, by said captain, bil- 
leted out, at the charge of the inhabitants of said island, and 
shall for their reward and service be entitled to receive £o per 
month, out of the General Treasury, by a certificate under the 
hand of the said captain, duly obtained. 

An Act for appointing and erecting a court of equity, to hear and 
determine all appeals in personal actions from the judgment 
of the superior court. 
Whereas, the trial uC appeals by the General Assembly, from 



1741.] AND TROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 23 

judgments given at the superior court of judicature, have, hy 
long experience, been found prejudicial, as well to the parties 
having their causes determined there, as well as to the govern- 
ment in general, by the public business being neglected ; — 

For remedy whereof, for the future, be it enacted by the 
General Assembly, and by the authority thereof it is enacted 
that the act regulating the appeals from the judgments of the 
superior court to the General Assembl}^, be, and it is hereby 
repealed, and declared null and void. 

And that for the future, there be a court of equity appointed 
and established, to consist of five judges, to be chosen annually, 
by the General Assembly, and to be commissionated, any 
three of whom, to be a quorum ; who are hereby empowered 
and authorized to hear all appeals from the judgments of the 
superior court, in personal actions, and to give a determination 
on said appeals, by affirming, reversing or altering the judg- 
ments of said superior court, agreeably to law and equity, in 
as full and extensive manner as the General Assembly hath 
been accustomed to do. 

And that said court be held in Newport, to try the appeals 
from the judgments of the superior court, held at said Nev/port, 
the last Tuesday of March, every year, on the fourth Tuesday 
of April, annually ; and at Providence and South Kingstown, 
by turns, to try the appeals from the judgments given at the 
superior court, held the first Tuesday of September, as hath 
been accustomed by the General Assembly, the second Tues- 
day of October, annually. 

And for the better regulating and governing the parties ap- 
pealing from the judgments of the superior court, as aforesaid, 
that where an appeal is had, the party appealing, is hereby 
obliged to give bond for the prosecution of such appeal ; and 
to procure a copy of the whole case, and file his reasons of ap- 
peal, with the clerk, ten days before the sitting of such court, 
where the appeal is to be heard and determined ; and that the 
judgment and determination of said court shall be final, saving 
an appeal to His Majesty, in council, in those cases wherem 
the law hath already provided. 



24 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1741. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
there be one clerk chosen 'and appointed for the aforesaid 
court ; who is hereby entitled to take the same fees as hath 
been taken in the trial of appeals by the General Assembly. 

Voted and resolved, that Samuel Clarke, John Potter, Wil- 
liam Robinson, John Chipman and Thomas Spenser, Esqs., be, 
and they are hereby appointed judges of the court of equity, 
for the hearing and determining of appeals from the judgments 
of the superior courts ; and that James Martin be, and he is 
hereby appointed clerk of said court. 

An Act for hearing and determining all such appeals as bonds 

have heretofore been given for, from the judgments of the 

superior courts of judicature. 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of this colony, and 
by the authority of the same it is enacted, that all appeals from 
the judgments of the superior courts of judicature, held on the 
first Tuesdays in September, and the third Tuesda}^ in March 
last past, shall be heard and determined by the court of equity 
appointed for the hearing and determining of appeals, at New- 
port, within and for said colony, on the thu'd Tuesday in July 
next ; which said court shall have full power and authority to 
determine the same agreeably to law and equity, in as exten- 
sive manner as the General Assembly of said colony hath been 
accustomed to do ; and that the reasons of appeal shall be filed 
in all the appeals from March court past, ten days before the 
sitting of said court. 

God save the King. 



1741.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 25 



Proceedings of the General Assemhli/, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the fourth lion- 
day in June, 1741. 

The Hon. Richard Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. William Greene, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Voted and resolved, that the trustees of Ninegret, sachem, 
render an account of their trust to the next session of this 
Assembly. 

Whereas, there was an act passed by the General Assembly, 
at their session held in September last, empowering three jus- 
tices of the peace to try civil actions to the value of £5 • — 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that it was not the intent 
of said act, to extend to bonds given to the general treasurer 
and grand committee, for the use of the colony, but that all 
actions brought for such bonds, be tried at the inferior court of 
common pleas. 

It is also voted and resolved, that the officers in this colony, 
who shall serve any justices' warrants, shall observe the same 
rules in respect to taking bail, as the several sheriffs are held 
to by the laws of this colony. 

Voted and resolved, that the town of Jamestown, in the 
county of Newport, be and they are hereby empowered to 
choose another warden, so as to make three in the whole. 

Whereas, George Ninegret, Indian sachem of the Narra- 
gansett Indians, humbl}^ requested of this honorable Assem- 
bly to appoint George Wanton, of Newport, in the county 
of Newport, merchant, one of his overseers, he being 
well assured of his fidelity and justice in the management 
of his affairs ; — 

Whereupon, it is voted and ordered, that the said George 
Wanton be, and he is hereby appointed a trustee or overseer 

VOL. V. 4 



26 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1741. 

to the said sachem, to have the same power in all respects 
with the other trustees. 

Voted and resolved, that the order of the King in council, 
directing the form of prayer for the royal family, be forthwith 
published in the several churches, and other places of public 
worship in this colony; and that the secretary send a copy of 
said order to the minister or elder of ea'ch and every society in 
this colony immediately, for that purpose. 

Voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, procure 
a new seal for the colony, to be engraven with the same motto 
as the old seal had ; and that the secretary procure the old 
clasped book of records to be new bound ; and likeyvise that 
he procure a new book of six quires of paper, for the records of 
the superior court of judicature, &c. ; a new book of eight quires 
of paper, for recording all public things that shall be required 
to be registered in this colony ; and likewise a new book of 
three quires, for the records of the judgments that shall be 
made up in the court of equity ; and also that the sum of £o 
10s. be paid to Jacob Hascey, Jr., for a press made for the files 
of papers belonging to tlie superior court of judicature, &c., and 
that the whole charges be paid out of the general treasury. 

God save the Kinir. 



Proceedings of the General Asscmbfy, held for the Colony of Bhode 
Island and Providence Plantuiions, at Ncivjmi, the third 
Tuesday in August, 17 41. 

The Hon. Richard Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. William Greene, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputie* from the several towns. 

An Act for incorporating the west end of the town of Warwick 
into a township, and the same to be distinguished and known 
by the name of Coventry. 



1741.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 27 

Whereas, several of the inhabitants of the town of Warwick, 
by petition to this Assembly, did set forth the great disadvan- 
tage they labor under, on account of the great extent of said 
town ; and as it is conceived it will be more for the ease and 
benefit of its inhabitants in transacting and negotiating the 
prudential affairs thereof, to have a division made ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, and by the 
authority thereof it is enacted, that the western part of the 
town of Warwick be divided and set off from the eastern part 
thereof, by a north and south line drawn from the most western 
bounds of the westernmost of the Cowesset farms, and incorpo- 
rated a township, and the same to be distinguished and known 
by the name of Coventry ; and that the inhabitants thereof, 
from time to time, shall have and enjoy the like benefits, liber- 
ties, privileges and immunities with other towns in this colony, 
according to our charter. 

Voted and resolved, that Peter Bours, Esq., be, and he is 
hereby appointed to make an account of the whole charges this 
colony has been at in the controversy between said colony and 
the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, relating to the eastern 
boundary of said colony, to be examined by the committee ap- 
pointed to lay a statement of said controversy before the court 
of commissioners, before, the same is put into said court. 

And that Peter Bours, Stephen Hopkins, Thomas Spenser, 
Daniel Updike and James Honeyman, Jr., Esqs., or the major 
part of them, be, and they are hereby appointed a committee 
to audit the accounts of the several inn-keepers and others, for 
the entertainment of the persons concerned, and obliged to at- 
tend on the said court of commissioners. 

Voted and resolved, that the account of Thomas Borden, 
amounting to £5 14^. Id., for the entertainment of the hon- 
orable lieutenant governor and council of the Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay, at their return from the court held for the 
trial of the pirates, in October, A. D. 1738, be allowed, and 
paid out of the general treasury. 

Voted and resolved, that the act passed at the last April 
session, restricting the custom house officers from clearing out 



28 RECORDS OF THE COLONS OF RHODE ISLAND [1741. 

any vessels until bond given for landing all provisions, &c., in 
some English port, be, and it is hereby repealed ; and that this 
colony govern themselves according to the act of Parliament, 
against the exportation of provisions, and the collector and na^ 
val officer of this port to be served with a copy of this vote. 

Voted and resolved, that the sum of £31, being so much al- 
lowed of the account of John Iloyle, for service done relating 
to the expedition against the Spaniards, be paid him out of the 
general treasury. 

Voted and resolved, that the account of Col. Peter Mawny, 
amounting to £53 IO-5. 4d., being for his journey, horse-hire, ex- 
penses, &c., to and from New" York, in order to notify the com- 
missioners appointed by His Majesty, for settling our eastern 
boundaries, of the arrival of said commision, and to leave a 
copy thereof with each of them, be allowed and paid out of the 
general treasury. 

Voted and resolved, that the account of Clement Cooper, 
amounting to £22, being for himself and horse, on a journey 
to and from New York, in the service of the commission, with 
Col. Peter Mawney, be allowed and paid out of the general 
treasury. 

Voted and resolved, that the two accounts exhibited by Col. 
Peter Mawney, respecting the billeting of soldiers, relating to 
the expedition against the Spaniards, be allowed, as audited by 
the committee appointed for that purpose ; said Peter Maw- 
ney's account amounting to £1,135 3s. lid. ; and an account 
of Hugh Battey, amounting to £122 12^. 7d. ; both accounts 
amounting to £1,257 16s. Qd. ; out of which, he has already 
received from the general treasurer the sum of £1,189, 
Is. lid.; so there remains to be paid to the said Peter Maw- 
ney, out of the general treasury, the sum of £68 14s. 7d., to 
complete the whole of said accounts. 

Whereas, Gideon Wanton, Esq., general treasurer of the 
colony, aforesaid, did represent to this Assembly, the great 
trou])lc and difficulty he met with in exchanging of £40,000 
in old bills, and halves and quarters of bills in tlic years 1738 
and 1739, of other emissions before, and prayed an allowance 



1741.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 29 

for the same ; and also set forth the great increase of the busi- 
ness of the general treasurer, since the salary was stated, occa- 
sioned by several large emissions, and the payment of bounties 
on several commodities ; praying therefore, that the salary 
might be augmented ; — 

Upon consideration whereof, it is voted and enacted, that the 
said Gideon Wanton be allowed and paid out of the general 
treasury, the sum of £700, for his trouble in exchanging said 
£40,000 ; but that his salary be not augmented. 

Whereas, our transports were discharged from His Majesty's 
service, sooner than they should have been, by Ilis Majesty's 
instructions ; — 

It is therefore resolved, that Peter Bours, Esq., j\lessrs. Geo. 
Goulding and Joseph Whipple be, and they are hereby appoint- 
ed a committee to examine into said affair, and procure what 
is necessary, for His Honor, the Governor, to write to our 
agent, in Great Britain, directing him to apply to the lords of 
the admiralty, or to the proper board, for restitution in said 
affair. 

An Act granting power of appealing from all, or any part of 
the judgment of the court of commissioners relating to our 
eastern boundaries. 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of this colon}^, and 
by the authority thereof it is enacted, that Peter Bours, Sam'l 
Clarke, Thomas Spenser, William Jenckes, Stephen Hopkins, 
Daniel Abbott, Francis Willett, Henry Bull, Daniel Updike, 
James Honeyman, Jr., Thomas Ward and William Bollan, 
Esqs., (who were appointed a committee to represent and man- 
age the affairs of this colony before the commissioners to hear 
and determine the boundaries between said colony and the 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay), bo, and they or any four 
of them, are hereby fully authorized and empowered to appear 
at the aforesaid commissioners' court upon their adjournment 
on the 4th day of September next, at Providence, then and 
there, in behalf of this colony, to appeal from the Avhole, or any 
part of the judgment of the said commissioners, pronounced on 



30 KECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1741. 

the oOtli day of June last past, as they, the said commitee, 
shall think proper. 
God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhl>/, held for the Colomj of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the first Tuesday 
in October, 1741. 

The Hon. Richard Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. William Greene, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act for raising recruits to be transported to the English 

camp, on the island of Cuba. 

Whereas, this government having received advice from Gen. 
Wentworth,'-' that there is an absolute necessity of raising more 



* From the camp on the river Humber, 

in the island of Cuba, August 12, 1741. 

Sir : His Ma jest}' having directed me to use my best endeavors to recruit his forces 
under my command in his colonies, in North America, I have appointed Capt. 
Hopkins to repair, for that end, to your province, not doubting of your giving him 
all the assistance in your power, to levy soldiers, not only for completing Col. 
Gooch's regiment, but it practicable, to raise a greater number, either to fill all va- 
cancies in the two old corps, and in the marines, or to form another battallion, as 
it shall be found best for His Majesty's service. 

As I have no means of supplying the recruiting officers with money, you will 
sir, be pleased to give the aforesaid i.'aptain credit for such sums as may be wanted 
for that service, and to draw upon the Right Honorable Henry Pelliam, Esquire, 
the paymaster general, fjr the said use. As to the particular sums to be paid to 
the said recruiting oflicer, I refer you to his instructions, which he will lay before 
you. 

All such as shall enlist themselves on this occasion, will be entitled to the advan- 
tages offered by His Majesty, in his instructions on the first raising Col. Gooch's 
regiment. I don't doubt, sir, but you will take the proper measures for (heir being 
transported hither, to s'lpnort v hich charge, Klatter myself the respective prov- 



1741.] ' AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 31 

forces for His Majesty's service in the present expedition, 
against the subjects of the King of Spain, in the West 
Indies ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly of this col- 
ony, and by the authority thereof it is enacted, that a procla- 
mation be issued forthwith by the Governor, as an encourage- 
ment for soldiers to enlist, to offer a premium or a bounty of 
the sum of £[) of the old tenor, and a watch coat to every sol- 
dier that shall enlist, and go in his Majesty's service, over and 
above forty shillings, sterling, allowed as the King's bounty 
and the same to be delivered to such soldier, on going aboard 
the colony sloop, hereby appointed for transporting such forces 
as shall be raised, to the island of Cuba. 

And for the better expediting the levying of the aforesaid 
forces, the colonels of the respective regiments within this gov- 
ernment, are hereby directed to call together the soldiers un- 
der their command, at such times as shall be judged most 
suitable and convenient by Capt. William Hopkins, for the 
purpose aforesaid. 

And it is also further enacted, that Peter Bours, Esq., 
Messrs. George Goulding, John Cranston and Joseph Whipple, 
be a committee to put on board the colony sloop, a sufficient 
number of men, in order for the security of said sloop, and to 
take a cruise after the transports are landed, for the space of 
three months ; and the captain to be commissionated by His 
Honor, the Governor, for that purpose, and to receive and ob- 
serve such instructions as shall be given him in said affair. 

And the aforesaid committee are hereby empowered to pro- 
cure all necessaries for transporting said forces at the charge 
of the colony, and to draw out of the general treasury what 
monies are to be paid to Capt. William Hopkins ; and also 
what is to be paid to the soldiers, and to do all and every 



inces will make a provision, as all His Majesty's dominions in the West Indies, are 
particularly interested in the success of this expedition. 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

THOMAS WENTWORTH. 
To the Honorable Richard Ward, Esq., Governor of Rhode Island. 



32 RECORDS OF THE COLOXT OF RHODE ISLAND [1741. 

thing that shall he found necessary for transporting said 
forces ; and that as the enlisted soldiers shall be sent to New- 
port, and delivered to the aforesaid committee, they shall be 
put on board the colony sloop, and there subsisted at the 
charo:e of the o'ovcrnment. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the colony sloop sail as soon as so many men present, as the 
vessel will carry (exclusive of the sailors), or as soon as the 
above said committee find that all the persons have enlisted and 
embarked, as are willing to go in the service. 

And the aforesaid committee are hereby directed to supply 
Capt. William Hopkins with a sufficient sum of money, to be 
by them drawn out of the general treasury, to pay the £4, al- 
lowed to the recruiting officer, for each mau he shall enlist^ 
agreeable to General Wentworth's letter to His Honor, the 
Governor, and said Hopkins's instructions ; and that the said 
William Hopkins draw bills of exchange upon the paymaster 
general, in England, for the same ; and that His Honor, the 
Governor, endorse said bills in behalf of the colony, to any per- 
son wlio shall offer to buy the same. 

And bo it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the sum of £2,000 of the new tenor, be forthwith struck ofij in 
order to answer the present exigency, and the same to be im- 
pressed by Col. John Coddington, and to be signed by the 
grand committee, as usual ; and when finished, to be lodged in 
the hands of the general treasurer, for the purpose aforesaid, 
wliich sum, if not sufficient, the cummittee are hereby empow- 
ered to draw out of the general treasury what interest money 
is paying in, as their occasions for the purpose aforesaid may 
require ; and that such new bills as shall be made, shall be 
paid out of the interest money, as the same shall be p^aid in 
in order to be burnt. 

Whereas, several of the eonuuittee appointed by the General 
Assembly, to attend on His Majesty's court of commissioners, 
for settling the eastern boundaries of this colony, made appli- 
cation to this Assembly, for some allowance for their time and 
service in said ailUir ; — 



1741.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 33 

Upon consideration whereof, it is voted and ordered, that 
there be allowed out of the general treasury, the following sums 
to the persons hereinafter named, for their time and service in 
the above mentioned affiiir, viz. : 

To Col. Daniel Updike, the sum of £125 ; to Mr. James 
Honeyman, Jr., the sum of £125 ; to Capt. Henry Bull, the 
sum of £80 ; to Mr. Thomas Ward, the sum of ]25; to Mr. 
Stephen Hopkins, the sum of £73 10^, ; to Mr. Thomas Spen- 
ser, the sum of £40 ; and to Peter Bours, Esq., the sum of 
£110. 

Voted and ordered, that Col. Daniel Updike, Mr. James 
Ploneyman, Jr. and Mr, Thomas Ward, be, and they are hereby 
appointed a committee, to draw up a statement of the case of 
the controversy between this colony and the Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay, relating to the eastern boundaries of this 
colony, and present the same to the next session of this As- 
sembly," in order to be sent home. 

Voted and resolved, that the sum of £10 be allowed and 
paid out of the general treasury, to Joshua Bertrand, one of the 
soldiers, who has lost an arm in the King's service, in order to 
enable him to travel to Boston, or elsewhere, to get a passage 
home to England. 

God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhlt/, held for the Colomj of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kingstoum, the 
last Wednesday of October, 1741. 

The Hon. Richard Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. William Greene, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Voted and resolved, that George Brown, Esq., re-deliver to 
His Honor, the deputy governor, the duplicate of the charter, 
taking a receipt for the same. 

VOL. V. 5 



34 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1741. 



RepoH upon the Conneciicut Boundary. 

"Whereas, the General Assembly of this colony, at their session, held on the third 
Tuesday in June last past, did appoint the Hon. William Greene, Esq., Ezekiel 
Warner, Esq., Me.ssrs. Daniel Abbott, John Jenkins and Ishmael Spink, or the 
mijor part of them, to examine whether the boundary marks in the line between 
said colony, and the colony of Connecticut, at, or near the south west corner of 
Warwick Purchase, be removed, and make report thereof, which they did in the 
followiiij^ manner, viz. : 

Therefore, in obedience to the Honorable Assembly, we proceeded, and on the 
7lh day of July, A. D. 1741, went to the place -where Warwick south-west corner 
was made in the year A. D. 1728 (and revised in the year 1739), which place three 
of us, viz.: William Greene, Daniel Abbott and Ishmael Spink well remember; we 
all being present when the commissioners of both governments made said corner in 
the year 1 728, and helped make the same at the place where said commissioners 
then ordered ; and we, together with John Jenkins, were at the revising said corner, 
in the year 1739 ; and we all well remember the place, it being remarkable where 
said corner was made ; it being a large heap of stones, in the edge of a swamp • 
ami said Ezekiel Warner being now present, with the rest of the committee, and 
sundry other persons, who declared that they were at the making and revising said 
corner, and ilid all show said Warner the place where said corner was made ; and 
also several trees round about it, that were marked with sundry letters, .some of 
which are now on said trees ; and some appear to be cut out. Now we found the 
said heap of stones, to be all removed and gone from said place; but found the two 
first mile monuments northward and southward of said corner, to be both standing 
in their proper places, where they were first made ; and we found a large lieap of 
stones, made about two rods and a half, or something more, to the eastward 
of the place, where said Warwick corner was made, near in the course of Warwick 
line, and upon the upland, u]x>n a sort of knoll, and near the east side of a very 
large pitch pine tree ; the which tree is now marked with the letters I>.A. J. J» 
W.C, by whom, we know not, for we never saw them before, nor was there any 
heap of stones at said place at any time, when any of us were there before. 

And whereas, three of us, viz. : Daniel Abbott, John Jenkins and William 
Greene, who were a committee on the part of this colony, to revise the bounds be- 
tween said colony and the colony of Connecticut, did do the same in the year 1739, 
and then reported to the Honorable General Assembly of said colony, that we found 
the heap of stones that was made at Warwick corner, in the year 1728, to be re- 
moved, and gone from the place where it was made ; and that we then, in the pres- 
ence of near twenty men, made a large heap of stones, in the same place where 
the former heap was made, near the east side of a tree, which (through a mistake) 
we then called a pitch pine tree ; and said tree we then marked with the two first 
tetters of our names, viz. : D.A. J.J. "W'.O. ; and there was then on said tree an 
old nihfk, on the east side Ihereof, below where we made the abovesaid letters, 
which was cut ihrougl) the bark, so that it was grown partly up ; but could then 
plainly see a letter K, which Iptfef, with all the abovesaid letters, we all now saw on 
Ao same tree. And although the barlt of said tree looks very nuich like a pitch 
pine, yet, upon a more particular and sUl^^t examination thereof, wc all find the 



1741.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 35 

same tree to be a wliite pine ti-ee. It is a middling tree for bigness, something 

tall ; but does not appear to be a very thrifty tree ; it is sometliing crooked, and 

the rounding part of the croolc hangs towards the north-west. 

All which is humbly submitted to the Honorable General Assembly, as the 

report of 

WILLIAM GREENE, JOHN JENKINS, 

EZEIvlEL WARNER, ISHMAEL SPINK. 

DANIEL ABBOTT, 



Whereupon, it is voted and resolved, that the said report be 
accepted. 

Whereas, Col. Daniel Updike, Messrs. James lloneyman, Jr. 
and Thomas Ward, at the last session of this Assembly'', were 
appointed a committee to draw up a statement of the case re- 
lating to the controversy between this colony and the Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay, respecting the eastern bounds of this 
colony, which being not yet done ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that they be still con- 
tinued, for the purpose aforesaid, with the addition of Peter 
Bours and Stephen Hopkins, Esqs., they, or the major part of 
them to draw up the same as soon as may be, to be examined 
by His Honor, the Governor, and so many of his council as 
shall be present, and then forthwith sent home by His Honor, 
the Governor. 

Voted and resolved, that the sum of £200 be forthwith sent 
home to our agent, in Great Britain, to enable him to carry on 
the appeal from the judgment of the court of commissioners, 
relating to our eastern boundaries (and other occasions of the 
colony); and that Messrs. Peter Bours, George Goulding and 
Joseph Whipple, be, and they are hereby appointed a commit- 
tee to draw money sufficient out of the general treasury ; and 
procure said sum in silver, gold or bills of exchange, and send 
the same, with the said appeal ; and that His Honor, the Gov- 
ernor, write to the said agent, urging him to use his best en- 
deavors to procure a decree for our demands, in respect to said 
eastern boundaries. . 

Whereas, divers inhabitants of the town of Newport, in the 
county of Newport, did petition this honorable Assembly, for 
liberty to erect an artillery company in said town, to choose 

1151583 



36 RECORDS OF TILE COLONY OF RHODE ISL^VND [1741. 

their officers, with several other privileges in said petition 
contained ; — 

It is thereupon voted and ordered, that Peter Bonrs, Esq., 
Col. John Cranston and Mr. Josias Lyndon, be, and they are 
hereby appointed a committee to draw up a charter for consti- 
tuting said artillery company, and present the same to the next 
session of this Assembly, 

Upon the petition of sundry inhabitants of the town of Prov- 
idence, in the county of Providence ; — 

It is voted and resolved, that the sum of £80, be, and it is 
hereby allowed towards the building of Pawtucket bridge; and 
that Capt. William Burrough draw the same out of the general 
treasury, when said bridge is completed. 

Voted and resolved, that that part of the act of the General 
Assembly, passed at their last session, directing the sloop Tar- 
tar to take a cruise after the soldiers were landed (that are to 
be transported in her to the camp on the island of Cuba), be^ 
and it is hereby repealed ; and that the committee then ap- 
pointed, put a sufficient number of men upon wages, on board 
said sloop, for her security ; and also that said sloop be ordered 
to return as soon as possible, after said soldiers are landed 
there. 

Whereas, the General Assembly of the colony aforesaid, at 
their session, held on the third Tuesday in August last, did, 
among other things, enact that the west end of the town of 
Warwick, in the count}^ of Providence, should be set off and 
incorporated into a township, and the same to be distinguished 
and known by the name of Coventry, and for that purpose, ap- 
pointed Daniel Abbott, John Potter and Thomas Spenser, Esqs., 
a committee to divide the same, who have made the following 
report, viz. : 

Report of the Committee on the new toivn of Covcntri/. 

We having met in said Warwick, on the 24tli day of August last past, and pro- 
ceeded to run said line, beginning at the westernmost part of the Coweset Farms, 
in said Warwick, and from thence run one line south, seven degrees west, until we 
came to the north bounds of East Greenwich, and the south bounds of said War- 



1742.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 37 

•wick, where we made a large heap of stones, making several heaps of stones in the 
said line, and marking several trees in said line, with the letter W on the east, and 
the letter C on the west ; then beginning at the first mentioned bounds, and run 
north seven degrees east, until we came to the north bounds of said Warwick, and 
the south bounds of Providence, making a large heap of stones on the cast end of a 
rock, in said bounds, and made several heaps of stones, and marked several trees in 
said line, as aforesaid ; the which, we now make as our return for the fixed and 
certain bounds between the aforesaid town of Warwick and the aforesaid town of 
Coventry ; and that the said town of Coventry be bounded east on the town of 
Warwick, south on East and West Greenwich, west on the line that divides the 
colony of llhode Island, &c., and the colony of Connecticut ; and north, on the 
south bounds of the towns of Providence and Scituate. 

Which report is voted to be accepted. 

Voted and resolved, that the sum of £62 be allowed and 
paid out of the general treasury, to Col. Daniel Abbott, being 
for his service in attending the court of commissioners, relating 
to the eastern boundaries, and other expenses on said affair. 

Upon the petition of sundry persons, relating to a highway 
in Wecacheconet, in the township of Warwick, in the county of 
Providence ; — 

It is voted and resolved, that Stephen Hopkins, John Jen- 
kins and Immanuel Northup, Esqs., be, and they are hereb}^ 
appointed a committee to view and inspect into the circum- 
stance of the aforesaid highway, and make report to the next 
session of this Assembly. 

God save the Kin a;. 



Proceedings of the General AssemUi/ held for the Colony of Bhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kingstoivn, the 
1st dag of Fehruarg, 1741-42. 

The lion. Richard Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. William Greene, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Whereas, Rouse Helme, Esq., Messrs. Jeremiah Lippett and 
Job Tripp, Jr., were appointed a committee to audit the ac- 



38 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1T42. 

counts of Col. Joseph Stanton, one of the trustees of the Indian 
sachem, and to make report thereon, which they accordingly 
did ; and reported that they found a balance due to the said 
Joseph Stanton, of £142 125. od., that he had advanced more 
than received, on account of the said sachem. 

Whereas, Matliew Hobinson, of Newport, in the county of 
Newpoii, presented an account to this General Assembly, as 
one of the clerks in the late commissioners' court, respecting 
the eastern boundaries, for his daily attendance on said court, 
book of records, horse-hire, expenses, &c.. craving an allowance 
and payment thereof; — 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that the sum of £166 ds. 
Gel, be allowed and paid to the said jMathew Hobinson, by 
the committee appointed to pay the charges arising on said 
court. 

Voted and resolved, that the sum of £10, be allowed and 
paid out of tlie general treasury, to the executors of John 
"Wickes, Esq., deceased, being for the General Assembly's sit- 
ting at his house in Wai'Avick, several times, and for fire-wood 
and attendance at said times. 

Whereas, upon the settlement between this colony, and the 
Province of the JMassachusetts Bay, of the accounts relating to 
the controversy about. the boundaries, there was a balance due 
to this colony of £173 I65. Id.; — 

It is therefore resolved, that Peter Bours, Esq., be, and he 
is hereby appointed to write to Samuel Wells, Esq., to urge the 
payment of said balance, and receive the same. 

Voted and resolved, that Col. John Cranston, ]\Iessrs. Josias 
Lyndon and James ^lartin, be, and they are hereby appointed 
a committee, to audit the accounts of Peter Bours and William 
Ellery, Esqs., jSIcssrs. George Goulding and Joseph Whipple, 
who were the persons appointed to draw money out of the gen- 
eral treasury to defray the charges of the commissioners, &c., 
and make report to the next session of this Assembly. 

Voted and resolved, tliat Mr. Samuel Perr}'^, be, and he is 
hereby dismissed from being a trustee to George Ninegret, the 
Indian sachem, the said sachem having desired the same. 



1742.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 39 

Voted and resolved, that James Honeyman, Jr. and Thomas 
Ward, Esqs., and James Martin, be, and they are hereby ap- 
pointed a committee, to revise the laws of this colony, in order 
that the same may be re-printed in a suitable time. 

Whereas, the preservation of this colony in time of war, de- 
pends, under God, chiefly upon the military skill and discipline 
of the inhabitants ; and it being necessary, in order to revive 
and perpetuate tlie same, to form and establish a military com- 
pany, which, by acquainting and accustoming themselves to 
the military exercises by more frequent trainings, than the 
body of the people can attend, may serve for a nursery of skill- 
ful officers ,• and in time of an actual invasion, by their superior 
skill and experience may render the whole militia more useful 
and effectual ; — 

And whereas, a number of the principal inhabitants of the 
town of Newport, viz.: Jahleel Brenton, Godfrey Malbone, 
Samuel Wickham, Henry Collins, John Gidley, James Iloney- 
man, Jr., John Brown, Nathaniel Coddington, Jr., Peleg Brown, 
Charles Bardin, Simon Pease, David Chesebrough, Philip Wil- 
, kinson, John Freebody, Jr., Thomas Wickham, Walter Cranston, 
Seuton Grant and William Vernon, have freely oiFered them- 
selves to begin, and with such others as shall be added to 
them, to form such a company ; and by their humble petition, 
have prayed this Assembly to grant them a charter, with such 
privileges, and under such restrictions and limitations, as the 
Assembly shall think proper ; — 

Wherefore, this Assembly, for the reasons and considera- 
tions aforesaid, and in order that all due encouragement may 
be given to the laudable and useful design of the petitioners, 
have ordained, constituted and granted, and by these presents 
do ordain, constitute and grant, that they, the said petitioners, 
Jahleel Brenton, Godfrey Malbone, Samuel Wickham, Henry 
Collins, John Gidley, James Honeyman, Jr., John Brown, Na- 
thaniel Coddington, Jr., Peleg Brown, Charles Bardin, Simon 
Pease, David Chesebrough, Philip Wilkinson, John Freebody, 
Jr., Thomas ¥/ickham, Walter Cranston, Sucton Grant and 
William Vernon, together v/ith such others as shall bo hereaf- 



40 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1742. 

ter added to them (not exceeding the number of one hundred 
in the whole, officers included), be, and they are hereby de- 
clared to be a military company, by the name of the Artillery 
Company, of the town of Newport ; and by that name, they 
shall have perpetual succession, and shall have and enjoy all 
the rights, powers and privileges in this grant hereafter 
mentioned. 

[The charter of this company is omitted here.] 

[The following public laws passed in the year 1741, will be 
found printed at length in the public laws of 1744, except 
those designated as repealed.] 

4 

An Act for the more effectual putting the colony in a proper 
posture of defence. 

An Act for regulating the laying out highways in the sev- 
eral towns of this colony. 

An Act for equipping the colony's sloop, and sending her 
out on a cruise, &c. 

An Act for laying an embargo on vessels (bound to sea) on 
any emergent occasion. 

An Act for prohibiting the exportation of provisions and naval 
stores to any foreign ports. 

An Act empowering the town council of each town within 
this colony, to bind out as apprentices, poor children, that 
are likely to become chargeable to the town wherein they 
live. 

An Act for ascertaining the board wages of all persons that 
shall be employed to work at Fort George. (Ivcpealed.) 

An Act made in addition to an act, entitled " An act made in 
addition to, and in amendment of an act passed Septem- 
ber, 1740, for the emission of £'20,000, in bills of public 
credit." 

An Act for striking off £2,000 in bills of public credit of the 
new tenor, fur the supply of the general treasury. 

An Act for lengthening the time of vessels' cruising, that are 
employed in tlio colony's service. 



1742.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 41 

An Act in addition to an act, appointing court martials within 

this colony. 
An Act for appointing and erecting a court of equity, to hear 

and determine all appeals in personal actions from the 

judgments of the superior court. 
An Act in addition to an act entitled " An act for establishinfr 

vendue masters throughout this colony." 
An Act for incorporating the west end of the town of Warwick 

into a township, and the same to be distinguished and known 

by the name of Coventry, 
An Act for emitting £2,000 of the new tenor, for defraying 

the charge of raising and transporting a number of recruits 

to the English camp on the island of Cuba. 
An Act for hearing and determining all such appeals, as bonds 

shall be given for, from the judgments of the superior court 

of judicature, held by adjournment in September, 1741- 

(Repealed.) 
An Act for calling in and exchanging the £24,000, emitted by 

by this colony in the year 1740. 
An Act enabling George Ninegret, sachem, to sell some land 

in the Narragansett countr3^ for the payment of his just 

debts. 

God save the Kina;. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly held for the Colony of 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the 
Uhday of May.llil. 

The Hon. Richard Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. William Greene, Deputy Governor. 

VOL. V. 



42 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1742. 



ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. Peter Bours, Mr. John Dexter, 

jNIr. William Ellery, Mr. Daniel Howland, 

Mr. Richard Fenner, Mr. Christopher Phillips. 

Mr. William Robinson, speaker. 
Mr. Josias Lyndon, clerk. 

Voted, that the following be admitted freemen of this 
colony : 

Of Newport, Clothier Pearce, Jr., William Wiatt, Grindall^ 
Tharst n Gideon Cornell, Seth Luther, George Cornell, son of 
William ; Charles Wiekham, John Sherman, Samuel Tilling- 
hast, James Milward, John Dawby, Joseph Cowley, Thomas 
Davenport, Joseph Stacey, Aaron Sutton, Benjamin Clarke, 
John Curtain, Peleg Chapman, Peter Bowdoin, Francis Pope^ 
Thomas Freebody, Joseph Thurston, John Dennis and John 
Brewer. 

Of Providence, Stephen Hopkins, John Angel, the 3d, Eli- 
jah Dean, Nathan Mathewson, Jonathan Olney, Timothy Ma- 
son, John Wanton, John Colwell, Joshua Remington, Edward 
Thurber, John Johnson, Richard Smith, Israel Gibbs, Roger 
Ivinnicutt and Samuel Curry. 

Of Portsmouth, William Earle, Jr., Francis Brayton and Sam- 
uel Pearce. 

Of Warwick, William Wood, Robert Westgate, Jr., Joseph 
Phillip, Increase Greene and Edward Case. 

Of North Kingstown, Arthur Ayiesworth, son of Philip ; 
Philip Card, Samuel Thomas, James Fowler, Benjamin Bur- 
dick, Robert Nichols and Ezekiel Sheffield. 

Of South Kingstown, Jeoffrey Ilassard, Roger Mowrey, Ste- 
phen Cotterel, Jr., George Gardner, Jr., William Taylor, Tenant 
Tift, Thomas Ilassard, son of Robert ; Thomas Browning and 
William Ilassard. 



1742.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 43 

Of East Greenwich, Caleb Vaughan and Thomas Nichols, son 
of Thomas. 

Of Jamestown, John Carr and John Clarke, tanner. 

Of Scituate, Joseph Wilkinson, Charles Beers, Benjamin 
Taylor, William King, John Stafford and Hezekiah Walker. 

Of Glocester, Thomas Field, Abner Bartlett and Hezekiah 
Mitchell. 

Of Charlestown, Thomas Gould, Joseph Tanner, Enoch Lewis 
and Joseph Card. 

Of West Greenwich, Thomas Draper, James Reynolds, son 
of Francis ; Jacob Lewis and John Albro. 

Of Coventry, Aaron Bowen, Samuel Cook, John Atherton, 
Benjamin Blanchard, Ebenezer Perkins, Joseph Carpenter, 
Adam Love, Daniel Welch, Samuel Cook, Jr., Joseph Sweet, 
Joseph Arnold, Gabriel Love, J.uues Stronnihorn, Richard 
Herendon, William Bennett and Mathew Roberts. 



Proceedings of the General Assembli/y held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the first 
Wednesday in May, 174 2. 

The Hon. Richard Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. Willian Greene, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

DEPUTIES. 

For Newport. For Providence. 

Mr. George Goulding, Col Daniel Abbott, 

Mr. Daniel Gould, Mr. William Burton, 

Mr. Nicholas Easton, Col. Jabez Bowen, 

Col. John Cranston, Capt. Jonathan Randall 
Mr. Joseph Whipple, 
Capt. Ezbon Sanford. 



u 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND 



[1742. 



For Poiisnwuth. 
Mr. John Lawton, 
Capt. Jeremiah Lawton, 
Mr. Robert Lawton, 
Mr. Wm. Anthony, Jr. 

Fo7' Wanvick. 
Major Joseph Stafford, 
Mr. John Rhodes, 
Capt. Wm. Rice, 
Mr. Barlow Greene. 
For Westerly. 
Mr. Wilham Champliii, Jr, 
Capt. John Maxon. 

For Ne20 Shoreham. 
Mr. Edward Sands, 
Mr. William Rock. 

For North Kingstown. 
Mr. John Reynolds, 
Col. Immanuel Northup. 

For South Kingstown. 
Mr. Wm. Robinson, 
Mr. Jonathan Hassard. 



DEPUTIES. 

For East Greenwich. 
Mr. John Spenser, Jr., 
Mr. John Fry. 

For Janiestoum. 
Capt. Benjamin Sheffield, 
Capt. Josiah Arnold. 
For Smithjield. 
Mr. James Aldrich, 
Mr. John Sayles. 

For Seitaate. 
]\lr. Job Randall, 
Mr. Thomas Realph. 
For Glocester. 
Capt. John Smith, 
]\Ir. Richard Steere. 

For Charlesiown. 
Mr. Samuel Perry, 
Capt. Christopher Champlin. 

For West Greemvich. 
Mr. John Spenser, 
Mr. Joseph Slocum. 
For Coventry/. 
Capt. Abel Potter, 
Mr. Robert Greene. 



Mr. William Robinson, speaker. 
Mr. Josias Lyndon, clerk. 

The following officers were declared 
engaged. 

The Hon. Richard Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. William Greene, Deputy Governor 



elected, and duly 



ASSISTANTS. 



Mr. Peter Bours, 
Mr. William Ellery, 
Mr. Ezekiel Warner, 
Mr. Richard Fenner. 
Mr. John Dexter, 



Mr. Daniel Howland, 
Mr. Philip Arnold, 
Capt. James Arnold, 
Ml'. Daniel Coggeshal!. 
Mr. Rouse Helme. 



1742.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 45 



SECRETARY. GENERAL TREASURER. 

Mr. James Martin. Mr. Gideon Wanton. 

His Honor, the Governor, took the oath to the acts of trade 
and navigation, in presence of the general council. 

Voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Deputy Governor 
and Col. Daniel Abbott, be a committee to join with a commit- 
tee to be appointed by the General Assembly of the colony of 
Connecticut, in order to erect a large monument at Warwick 
south-west corner, in the line between this colony, and the said 
colony of Connecticut, in the same place that was settled and 
agreed upon by committees appointed by both said colonies? 
some years past ; and that His Honor, the Governor, or deputy 
governor, write to the government of Connecticut, desiring 
them to appoint a committee to meet our committee at said 
.place, at such time as they shall appoint ; and if it shall so 
happen, that no committee of said colony of Connecticut, do 
not meet oar said committee, at the time and place, aforesaid, 
then they are to proceed ex parte, and erect a monument in 
the place above mentioned. 

Whereas, John Potter, of South Kingstown, in the county of 
Kings county, did, by petition to this Assembly, set forth, that 
at the superior court of judicature, &c., held at Newport, 
within and for said colony, on the last Tuesday in March past, 
he was sentenced to stand in the pillory five times, or pay five 
several fines, amounting in the whole to £10,000, the last pay- 
ment to be made, or punishment suffered to be on the 21st day 
of June next; and being desirous to avoid suffering the infa- 
mous punishment, aforesaid ( it being a thing impracticable to raise 
so large a sum within so short a time), prayed that he might have 
the liberty of paying in gold dust at £20 per ounce, into the 
general treasury, the sum of £5,000, being the one-half of his 
several fines; and that thereupon this honorable Assembly 
would please to allow a further time for the payment of the 
other half into the general treasury, he giving good socunty 
for that purpose ; — 



4G RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1742. 

Whereupon, it is voted and resolved, that the said petitioner, 
John Potter, have the liberty of paying the sum of £5,000 
(being one-half of all his fines), into the general treasury, in 
gold dust, at £20 per ounce; and that Peter Bours, Esq., be, 
and he is hereby appointed to examine said gold dust, with the 
general treasurer, to see that the same is merchantable ; and 
that upon the petitioner's so doing, he have a further time 
granted, until the 8th day of October, next ensuing, for the 
payment of the other £5,000, being the remaining half of all 
his fines, he giving bond to tlie general treasurer of this 
colony, with two sufficient sureties, to pay the same at the said 
time. 

Whereas, the inhabitants of New Shoreham, in the county 
of Newport, did set forth, that they were under difficult cir- 
cumstances respecting their piers, the old one being almost de- 
stroyed, and the new one barred up, occasioned by great 
storms in the winter seasons ; and as the said piers are not 
only of great service to the said inhabitants, but to all others 
living within the government, the same being convenient for 
boats and small vessels to harbor in ; and as your petitioners 
have been at great charges to repair the same, and their en- 
deavors have hitherto proved fruitless, by the frequent storms 
that have happened, before the same could be completed, 
therefore prayed this General Assembly to allow them so mucli 
money (towards building the pier) as was allowed last summer 
to the soldiers sent there, for their assistance, and that they 
would lessen that charge by doing more duty themselves ; — 

Whereupon, it is voted and ordered, that the sum of £200 
be allowed and paid out of the general treasury, to Capt. Edw. 
Sands, for the uses and purposes aforesaid. 

Whereas, Col. John Cranston (as captain of Fort George), 
did present to tliis General Assembly, an account for his own 
service the last year, and for the service and allowance of 
1)oard wages, to the gunner, and two other men at said fort, 
from the 1st day of November, 1741, to the 1st day of May 
instant, being six months, and amounting to the sum of £220 
T'lv., riming an allowance lliereof; — 



1742.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 47 

Whereupon, it is voted and resolved, that the said sum of £220 
IQs., be allowed and paid out of the general treasury, to the 
said John Cranston, for him to pay the said gunner and two 
other men, their several parts thereof. 

God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General AssemUi/, Mdfor the Colon?/ of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neiuport, the 21st day 
of June, 1742. 

The Hon. Richard Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. Wilham Greene, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Voted and resolved, that the sum of £15 be allowed and paid 
out of the general treasury, to Benjamin Ellery and Peter 
Bours, Esqs., being for their trouble in procuring and charter- 
ing the sloop Olive Branch, Aaron Sheftield, master, for pur- 
chasing the provisions and stores in said sloop, to accommodate 
the honorable commissioners from Nova Scotia. 

Whereas, Benjamin Ellery and Peter Bours, Esqs., Messrs. 
Joseph Whipple and Josias Lyndon, were appointed a commit- 
tee to audit the accounts respecting the billeting of soldiers in 
the county of Newport, that were raised in this colony, to go 
against the Spaniards, and the charges accruing thereon, did 
report that they had examined the several accounts relating 
thereto, and found the whole of the amount of the said accounts 
exhibited by Col. John Gardner, to be £3070 18^. 4c/.;— 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that the said report be 
accepted (saving one article of £17 lOs. for the board of Ser- 
geant Welsh's wife, paid James Davis, which is rejected), the 
persons exhibiting said accounts, having received fidl satisfac- 
tion for the same. 

Whereas, Benjamin Ellery and Peter Bours, Esqs., Messrs. 



48 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAJNTD [1742. 

Joseph Whipple and Josicas Lyndon were appomted a commit- 
tee to audit the accounts respecting the billeting of soldiers in 
the county of Kings county, that were raised in this colony, to 
go on an expedition against the Spaniards, and the charges ac- 
cruing thereon, did report that they had examined the several 
accounts relating thereto, and found the whole of the amount 
of said accounts exhibited by Col. Joseph Stanton, to be £541 
2..;- 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that the said report be 
accepted, the persons exhibiting said accounts, having received 
full satisfaction for the same. 

Whereas, Benjamin Ellery and Peter Bours, Esqs., Messrs. 
Joseph Whipple and Josias Lyndon, were appointed a commit- 
tee to audit the accounts of the charges arising on the transports 
hired by this government, to convey the soldiers to General 
"Wentworth's camp on the island of Cuba, did report tliat they 
had examined the several accounts exhibited, and found the 
same amounted to £2,797 7s. 4t/. ; — 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that the said report be 
accepted, the persons exhibiting said accounts, having already 
received full satisfaction for the same. 

Whereas, the General Assembly have ordered a new impres- 
sion of bills of public credit, for exchanging the late emission of 
bills of the new tenor, some of the which have been counter- 
feited, and persons appointed to exchange the same, and a 
great part of the new impression being now finished and ready 
for exchanging ; — 

It is therefore resolved, that all persons possessed of any of 
said bills of the late emission of the new tenor, be, and they 
are hereby directed to bring the same to be exchanged by the 
persons appointed for that purpose, by the 25th day of Octo- 
ber next ; and that after that time, the currency of said bills 
be stopped, if any remain out ; and that the same be inserted 
ill the public prints, together with the names of the persons 
appointed to cxeliangc the same. 

Voted, that Jainos llonc3'man, Jr. and Daniel Updike, Esqs. 
be allowed and p;ii(l out of ilie general treasury, the sum ol 



1742.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 49 

£150, each, for their extraordinary services in the prosecution 
of sundry criminals for counterfeiting the bills of public credit, 
emitted by this colony. 

Upon the petition of Thomas Potter, Esq., sheriff of the 
county of Newport, craving an allowance for entertaining and 
looking after one Francisco Lorenzo (master of a Spanish pri- 
vateer), brought into this colony by Capt. Benjamin Norton, in 
his privateer sloop, called the Revenge, and ordered into the 
custody of the said Thomas Potter, by His Honor, the Gov- 
ernor, on the 1st day of March last past ; — 

Whereupon, it is voted and ordered, that the sum of fifty 
shillings per week, be allowed and paid out of the general 
treasury, to the said Thomas Potter, for his entertainment and 
care of the said Francisco Lorenzo, from the said 1st day of 
March last past, during his stay with the said Thomas 
Potter. 

Voted and resolved, that the sum of £30 be allowed and 
paid out of the general treasury, to Thomas Potter, Esq., sheriff 
of the county of Newport, for his time and expenses on the 
several examinations of sundry persons apprehended for coun- 
terfeiting the bills of public credit of this colony, and appre- 
hending sundry persons concerned therein. 

Voted and resolved, that John Frye, Esq., be, and he is 
hereby chosen one of the trustees to the Indian sachem, in the 
room of his father, Thomas Frye, Esq., who desired to resign. 

This Assembly is adjourned till the second Monday in Sep- 
tember next ; but if there do not a sufficient number of mem- 
bers appear that day to constitute an Assembly, then the next 
day; and that every member that does not appear the first 
day, be fined ten shillings, unless he can make a reasonable 
excuse. 

God save the King. 

VOL. V. 7 



50 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [174' 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the second 
Tuesday in Septemher, 1742. 

The Hon. Richard Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. William Greene, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several to"wns. 

The following appropriations were made for bridges : 
For a bridge over Pacatuck river, on the road toward the 
White Plain, £50 ; for a bridge on Massacachuage river, in 
East Greenwich, £30 ; for repairing and fitting up the bridge 
over Moosup river, on the road leading from Providence to Con- 
necticut, £50 ; for mending bridge in the town of Providence, 
£50 ; for repairing two bridges across Pawcatuck river, in 
Westerly, £50 ; for building a bridge over Pawtuxet river, on 
the road that leads from Coventry to Plainfield, Connecticut^, 
£40. 

God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the last 
Wednesday in October, 1742. 

The Hon. Richard Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. William Greene, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Whereas, it has been represented to this General Assembly, 
that Pawcatuck bridge is so much out of repair, as renders it 
dangerous to pass over, and it being in one of the greatest 



1742.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 51 

roads in this government, there is an absolute necessity of a 
speedy repair ; — 

Whereupon, it is voted and resolved, that Messrs. Joshua 
Champlin and Silas Greenman, be, and they are hereby ap- 
pointed a committee to repair the one-half of said Pawcatuck 
bridge, at the charge of this colony, as soon as conveniently 
may be. 

Voted and resolved, that Peter Bours, Esq., be, and he is 
hereby appointed to procure passages for the Spanish prisoners 
(who were oflScers), brought into this colony; and send them 
away at the charge of said colony, upon the best terms he 
can. 

Voted and resolved, that Col. Daniel Updike, being one of the 
grand committee of this colony, William Arnold and David 
Comstock, Esqs., justices of the peace, be, and they are hereby 
appointed and directed to attend the trial of such persons as 
are to be tried for counterfeiting the bills of public credit of 
said colony, at the next court of assize, to be held in the county 
of Essex, in the Province of the Massachusetts Bay ; and that 
the secretar}'- deliver what counterfeit bills he has in his hands 
to said Col. Updike, to be carried with him to said court. 

Whereas, Col. John Cranston (as captain of Fort George), 
did present to this General Assembly, an account of the serr 
vice, and allowance of board wages to the gunner and eleven 
other men (besides Valentine Downing), from the 5th day of 
May last past, to the 5th day of November, ensuing, aud for 
wood laid in for the use of the soldiers in the ensuing winter, 
amounting in the whole to £606 16-5., craving an allowance 
thereof; — 

Whereupon, it was voted and resolved, that the said sum of 
£606 IQs., he allowed and paid out of the general treasury, to 
the said John Cranston. 

Whereas, Messsrs. Stephen Hopkins, James Aldrich, Jeoffry 
Ilassard, John Smith and Robert Hall, were, by the General 
Assembly of this colony, at their session, held by adjournuient, 
on the second Tuesday in September, last past, appointed a 
committee, the}', or any three of them, to inspect into the cir- 



52 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1742. 

cumstances of the old highway and new highway, in Warwick, 
in the county of Providence, about which there has been a long 
controversy ; — 

And whereas, Messrs. Stephen Hopkins, Roliert Hall, James 
Aldrich and JcolTry Ilassard, four of the aforesaid committee, 
having made inspection into the premises, aforesaid, made the 
following report, viz. : 

Report of the committee on the Providence and WarivicJc highway. 

We, the sub?cribei-s, being appointed by the General Assembly, at their session 
held at Newport, on the second Tuesday in September last past, to inspect into the 
circumstances of the old highway, and the new highway, in the lands of Natick and 
Wecacheconet, and we having met for that purpose, and viewed the several high- 
ways, and places proposed for highways, which were shown to us by the parties 
concerned, do report : that the highway laid out by the jury in said lands, A. D. 
1737, not reaching to the north line of the said town of Warwick, near the south- 
east corner of the town of Scituate, we are of opinion that the same ought to be 
continued unto the said north line of the said town of Warwick, in the most con- 
venient manner, that may be, in order to meet the highway laid out in said Scitu- 
ate ; and we further report, by the free consent and loving agreement of all the 
parties concerned in the above said highway, at, and near Pawtuxet river, that a 
highway may be laid out to cross the river about mid-way between the said old and 
new highways, at a place called the round hill, to turn out of the said new highway 
in the lands of John Holdou, at, or near a pair of bars, in said Iloldon's farm, and 
so to extend through said Holdon's land, on a north-westerly course, according as 
we have marked the same, until it comes to the bank of said river, where we 
marked a black oak tree for a bound, on the easterly side of the way ; and from 
thence to cross the said river, to the lands of Andrew Barton, where we marked a 
walnut pole, on the easterly side of the way ; and from thence, still north-westerly, 
to an apple tree, near said Barton's house, on the west side of the way ; and from 
thence, a little easterly from the said old way, until it comes near to the top of the 
hill, by said Barton's house ; and from thence, in the said old way, until it meets 
with the new one. 

We are also of opinion, that near the banks of said river, said way ought to be 
five poles wide, at least ; and that in all other parts of said way, from Warwick 
uortli line, downward, to Capt. John Rice's, three pole wide is sufficient. 

We are also of opinion, that, upon the establishing of the way now proposed, 
that the old highway and new highway may be declared to be no highways, where 
this way doth not go in either of them ; and that the lands of the said liighways 
thrown up, return to the owner or owners thereof; and the said Andrew Barton 
is allowed a drift-way, down by the said river-side, to some meadow shares, that be 
a little below said old way, on the north side of said " lliver." 

All which, being read to the parties concerned, they have consented to the same ; 
which is submitted to Your Ilonors's consideration. 



1742.] AND PEOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 53 

Whereupon, it is voted and resolved, that the said report be 
accepted. 

And that the said Stephen Hopkins, Messrs. John Rhodes 
and William Rice, be a committee to lay out the highway, ac- 
cording thereunto, make a plat thereof and report thereon to 
the next session of this Assembly. 

God save the Kin 2;. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly/ held for the Colony of 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, at East Greemmch, 
on the fourth Monday in Novemler, 1742. 

The Hon. Richard Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. William Greene, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Voted and resolved, tliat Messrs. Daniel Updike, James 
Honeyman, Jr., Thomas Ward, Edward Scott and Josias Lyn- 
d'on, be, and they are hereby appointed a committee, they, or 
the major part of them, to revise the laws of this colony as soon 
as conveniently may be, in order that the same may be re- 
printed, and a printed copy to be sent home. 

Whereas, Messrs. William Holdon, John Rhodes and William 
Rice, were, by the General Assembly, at their session, in Octo- 
ber last past, appointed a committee, to inspect into a highway 
laid out by the town of Smithfield, in the county of Providence, 
through the lands of John Sayles, and others, petitioners for 
said alteration in said highway, did make the following report, 
viz. : 

We, having viewed said way, and tbe lands adjacent, and heard the pleas of 
the respective parties, are of opinion, that no other place showed to us by any of 
the petitioners was so good for a highway, as where it is already laid out by said 
town. 

Whereupon, it is voted and resolved, that said report be ac- 



54 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1742. 

ceptecl ; and that the said highway be, and remain as it is al- 
ready laid out by the said town of Smithfield ; and that the ac- 
count of the said committee, amounting to £15 12s. lOcl, for 
their service performed, as aforesaid, be paid to the said Wil- 
liam Holdon, John Rhodes and William Rice, by the said John 
Sayles and Jonathan Mowrey, both of Smithfield, aforesaid, 
being two of the petitioners. 

Whereas, Isaac Anthony, of Newport, in the county of New- 
port, goldsmith, exhibited an account to this General Assem- 
bly, for the board of four gentlemen, Spanish prisoners, for nine 
weeks, and their washing at fifty-five shillings per week, each, 
craving an allowance thereof; — 

Whereupon, it is voted and resolved, that the sum of thirty 
shillings per week, and no more, be allowed of said account, for 
the nine weeks' board and washing ; and that the same, 
amounting to £54, be allowed and paid to the said Isaac An- 
thony, out of the general treasury. 

Whereas, almost all the free-holders of the woods part of the 
town of Newport, did, by petition, set forth to this Assembly, 
that the town of Newport, at present, is very large, consisting 
of a vast number of inhabitants, and of freemen, upwards of 
five hundred, so that the affairs thereof cannot be managed 
with that regularity, order or justice, as it might be, if the 
same was divided and made into two towns, and would there- 
fore be of great advantage to all the inhabitants ; for as the 
compact part of said town consists chiefly of merchants and 
tradesmen, it would be their interest to make such suitable 
prudential acts for the better government of their afiairs, so 
likewise as the woods part of said town consists of farmers, 
proper prudential laws and orders would be made suitable for 
their condition and circumstances without opposition, which, as 
yet, hath not been observed. 

The petitioners also apprehend they are greatly injured, be- 
ing obliged to bear a greater proportion of the public charge 
and expense of said town, than the other inhabitants, without 
being taken notice of as such, in other respects, and likely so 



1742.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 55 

to continue, as long as said town remains undivided ; and 
thereupon prayed for a division of said town. 

The compact part of said town of Newport, being cited, 
and both parties fully heard, and the petition maturely 
considered ; — 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that Daniel Coggeshall, 
Samuel Clarke, Francis Willett, William Robinson and Josiah 
Arnold, Esqs., or the major part of them, be, and they are 
hereby appointed a committee to inspect into the circumstances 
of said town of Newport, and see if there be a necessity of di- 
viding the same ; and if there be, in what manner, and make 
report thereon, to the next session of this Assembly. 

Whereas, Edmond Sheffield, of North Kingstown, in the 
county of Kings county, yeoman (in behalf of himself and 
John Gould, of North Kingstown, aforesaid), and Job Tripp, of 
said North Kingstown, Esq., and attorney to the town council 
of said town, at the General Assembly, held by adjournment, 
in September last past, did agree to leave the inspection of 
part of the highway mentioned in said Sheffield's petition, the 
same to begin at a black oak tree, standing on the eastern side 
-of said highway, in the first elbow thereof, on the north side 
of said Sheffield's south flirm ; and from thence, to the north- 
east corner of Isaac Gardner's fiirm (in said petition mention- 
ed), where said Gardner now lives, all the rest of said petition 
being dropped ; the same to be made by Rouse Ilelme, of 
South Kingstown, in Kings county, Esq., George Babcock, of 
said South Kingstown, yeoman and John Hicks, of Charles- 
town, in said county of Kings county, Esq., and they or either 
two of them, to make report thereon, which they according- 
ly did, in the following manner, viz. : 

W"e, being appointed by the General Assembly, to inspect into part of a high- 
way, which was lately laid out by a jury, appointed by the town council of said 
North Kingstown, viz. : that part of the said highway that runs through the land of 
said Edmond Sheffield, in particular from a certain black oak tree, to Isaac Gardner's 
north-east corner; and we having this day viewed the land, and deliberately con- 
sidered the premises, do give it as our opinion, that the highway that runs south- 
ward from said black oak tree, shall run the same course as was laid out by said 
jury, by a chesnut tree, marked ; and so to continue tlie same course from said 



56 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1742. 

chesnut tree, to said Isaac Gardner's line, and then to run by said Gardner's line, 
eastward, to his aforesaid corner ; but the highway to be taken out of said Sheffield's 
land. 

Which report was thereupon voted to be accepted, and the 
said highway to he, and continue agreeably thereto. 

Whereas, John Lawton and Barlow Greene, did, by petition, 
set forth to this Assembly, that the establishing a ferry from 
the landing place, in said Lawton's fiirm, at Portsmouth, in said 
colony, to the southern part of Prudence island, belonging to 
Benjamin and William Brown; and another from Warwick 
Neck, to the northern end of said Prudence island, would be 
greatly serviceable to the public, by furnishing the north- 
western parts of this colony, and those of the neighboring gov- 
ernments with a more easy and better passage to Newport, the 
metropolis of this colony, than is possible to obtain from any of 
the ferries now settled at other places ; the lands being more 
smooth and level, the way by land and water more direct and 
much shorter ; and as all the parties concerned, are not only wil- 
ling, but very desirous such ferries may be made, therefore, the 
petitioners prayed that ferries may be erected and appointed 
at the places aforesaid ; — 

Upon consideration whereof, it is voted and enacted, that 
there be ferries at the places above mentioned ; and that the 
committee appointed to lease out the ferries, put the ferries 
now granted, under the same regulations as the others are. 

[The following public laws, passed during the year 1742, 
(except those subsequently repealed) will be found printed at 
length in the Public Laws of 1744.] 

An Act for hearing all appeals (not yet determined) from the 
judgment of the superior court of judicature, for which bonds 
have l)ecn given. 

An Act relative to the proceedings and trials of actions not ex- 
ceeding forty shillings. 

An Act for establishing petit jurors' fees ; and also the grand 
and petit jurors' fines, for their non-appearance at the sev- 
eral courts. 



1742.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. ht 

An Act directing the general treasurer how to sue for the colo- 
ny's debts, and likewise for choosing a king's attorney. 

An Act requiring the king's attornies to account to the general 
treasurer for all the bonds received, &c. 

An Act for the more effectual establishing of a military watch 
in time of war, throughout the colony. 

An Act empowering the several town councils to have the care 
and oversight of all delirious, distracted or non-compoS 
mentis persons, and their estates. 

An Act for the better regulating the choice of petit jurors* 
throughout the several towns in this colony. 

An Act for the better regulation of freemen voting. 

An Act empowering the vendue masters of the several towns 
to call special courts. 

An Act enabling persons in small causes, to sue in towns 
where they dwell. 

An Act to prevent the fish being stopped in their course up 
Pawcatuck river. 

An Act appointing the several town meetings for choosing dep- 
uties, and proxing for general officers in this colony, to be 

- held on the same days. 

God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Cohny of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at East Greenwich, the 
second Tuesday in March, 1742. 

The Hon. Richard Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. William Greene, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act for incorporating the west end of the town of North 
Kingstown into a township, and the same to be distinguished 
and known by the name of Exeter. 

VOL. V. 8 



58 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1742. 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of this colon}^, and 
by the authority thereof it is enacted, that the town of North 
Kingstown, in the county of Kings county, be divided into 
two towns, by a line beginning at the south side of said town, 
at the middle of the highway that runs between the farm, now 
or late of Jeoffry Ilassard and the farm of Eber Shearman, to 
extend from thence northwardly, to the extent of said highway, 
as the same runs northwardly ; and from the middle of said 
way, where it meets the cross highway, to extend northwardly, 
in a straight line, to meet the highway that runs between the 
land of William Hall and Christopher Spenser ; and from 
thence, to extend northwardly, as said highway runs to East 
Greenwich south Ime ; and that the eastward part of said town 
retain the charter and name of North Kingstown, and the west- 
ern part to be called by the name of Exeter, and be incorporated 
into a township ; and to have and enjoy the like privileges 
with other towns in this colony. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
each town receive, and have a proportion of the money in, and 
belonging to the treasury of said North Kingstown, according 
to the money for which the lands in each town is mortgaged 
to the colony ; and that all justices living within the bounds of 
said new town, retain their authority, and act as such therein, 
until the next general election. 

Whereas, the General Assembly of this colony, at their ses- 
sion, hold by adjournment, at East Greenwich, on the fourth 
Monday in November last past, did order and appoint, that 
Daniel Coggeshall, Samuel Clarke, Francis Willett, William 
Ptobinson and Josiah Arnold, Esqs., they, or the major part of 
them, to be a committee to inspect into the circumstances of 
the town of Newport, in the county of Newport, and to see if 
there was any necessity of dividing the same, and if there was, 
in what manner, and to make report thereon, to this present 
session of this Assembly ; — 

And whereas, Daniel (voggeshall, Francis Willett aiid Josiah 
Arnold, Esqs., three (and the major part of said committee) did 
meet at Newport, aforesaid, and upon hearing the reasons and 



1742.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 59 

allegations of the several persons both for and against the di- 
vision of said town, made the following report : 

That they were of opinion, there was no necessity for dividing the aforesaid town 
of Newport. 

Which report was thereupon voted to be accepted ; and 
also, that the account of Jonathan Nichols, amounting to £2 
10s., for the expenses of said committee, be allowed ; and that 
there be allowed and paid to the said Daniel Coggeshall and 
Francis Willett, the sum of £4 each, and to the said Josiah Ar- 
nold, the sum of £2, for their particular service in said affair ; 
and the whole to be paid out of the general treasury. 

Whereas, the General Assembly of this colony, at their ses- 
sion, held at Providence, on the last Wednesday in October, 
A. D. 1742, appointed Stephen Hopkins, Esq., Messrs. John 
Rhodes and William Rice, a committee, to lay out a highway 
in the lands of Natick and Wecacheconet, in the town of War- 
wick, and county of Providence, according to the report by the 
committee then made, and make a plat thereof; which they 
have now done, and presented to this Assembly, agreeably to 
said report, as deciphered upon the said plat may appear ; — 
' It is thereupon voted and resolved, that said plat and report 
thereon made, be accepted ; and that said highway continue as 
thereon laid out, forever. 

Whereas, the General Assembly of this colony, at their ses- 
sion, held by adjournment on the fourth Monday in November 
last past, at East Greenwich, within and for the colony afore- 
said, did appoint Messrs. Daniel Abbott, John Frye and Ish- 
mael Spink, a committee, to meet with the committee of the 
colony of Connecticut, in order to erect a large monument at 
Warwick south-west corner, in the line between this colony and 
that of Connecticut, who proceeded on said affair, and made the 
following report, viz. : 

We, the subscribers, represent to this Honorable Assembly, that as ve, beins; 
appointed a committee by the government of Rhode Island, to meet a committee 
also appointed by the colony of Connecticut, to erect a large monument or heap of 
stones, at Warwick south-west corner, in the place where the corner formerly was 



60 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1742. 

made at tlic time of settling the line betwixt the two governments ; and accordingly, 
■we met at said place, the 24th day of November last, where we met James Wads- 
worth and Timothy Pearce, Esq., with Col. Avery, their surveyor, and sundry 
others in company, where we spent the afternoon debating matters, and waiting for 
the Hon'ble lloger Wolcott, Esq., he having their act of Assembly that empowered 
them. 

Whereupon, the ne.\t day, the 25th, we met at said corner, the Hon'ble Roger 
Wolcott, Es(j., James Wadsworth and Timothy Pearce, Esqs., a committee ap- 
pointed by the government of Connecticut, and equally empowered with us, to 
make said monument or heap of stones, at said corner ; and after a conference and 
some arguments used, they unanimously agreed to join with us, to revise the afore- 
said corner ; whereupon, we, with such assistance as was present, belonging to 
each government, raised a stone in said corner, that was provided and brought ia 
place, of ten feet and a half long, and two feet and three inches wide, and considera- 
ble thickness, having the letter C on the west side, and R on the east, and the 
date of the year, and several other letters ; being now a corner of West Greenwich 
and Coventry ; and round the same, we made a considerable heap of stones." 

DANIEL ABBOTT, ISHMAEL SPINK. 

JOHN FRY, 

Whereupon, it is voted and resolved, that the said report be 
accepted ; and that the same be recorded by the secretary. 

Voted and resolved, that the several accounts of the commit- 
tee that revised the boundaries at Warwick south-west corner 
be allowed and paid out of the general treasury, viz. : 

To Col. Daniel Abbott, £8 10s. ; to Mr. John Frye, £7 10s. 
9(1, and to Capt. Ishmael Spink, £6, for their service in said 
affair. 

Whereas, the judge of admiralty, for this colony, being gone 
home for Great Britain, and his deputy appointed here, declin- 
ing to serve any longer ; — 

It is therefore voted, that Mr. John Gidley, of Newport, in 
the county of Newport, be, and he is hereby appointed judge of 
admiralty for this colonj'-, until a person be properly appointed 
from home, to that office -, and that His Honor, the Governor, 
give him his oath to said office. 

Upon a motion made by Capt. William Hopkins, who was 
the recruiting officer in this colony, for Col. William Gooch's 
regiment (as well as fur the two old corps of marines), for pay- 
ment, for the raising recruits for said regiment ; — 

It is voted and resolved, that no more money be advanced 
to him by this government on that account. 



1743.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 61 

Whereas, Isaac Anthony, of Newport, in the county of New- 
port, goldsmith, presented to the General Assembly, at their 
session, held by adjournment, at East Greenwich, on the fourth 
Monday in November last past, an account for the entertain- 
ment of several Spanish officers (who were brought into New- 
port, as prisoners), from the 20th day of September, to the 
22d day of November, A. D. 1742, amounting to the sum of 
£99, and craved an allowance thereof; whereupon, the Gen- 
eral Assembly thought proper to make him an allowance of the 
sum of £54, in satisfliction thereof, which he apprehended was 
not a sufficient compensatian for the costs and charges he had 
been at in said affair ; and therefore made application to 
this present General Assembly, for further relief in the 
premises ; — 

It is thereupon voted and ordered, that the sum of £18 more 
be allowed and paid out of the general treasury, to the said 
Isaac Anthony, for the entertainment of the said Spanish offi- 
cers, during the time aforesaid. 

Voted, that Harrison Weaver, Caleb Beagle, William Wall 
and Samuel Gorton, all of East Greenwich, in the county of 
Providence, be admitted freemen of this colony. 
. Voted, that John Kenion, son of James, deceased, and Ste- 
phen Rosse, both of Charlestown, in the county of Kings 
county, be admitted freemen of this colony. 

God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly held for the Colony of 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the 
M daij of May. 1743. 

The Hon. Richard Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. William Greene, Deputy Governor. 



62 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1743. 



ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. Peter Bours, Mr. Daniel Howland, 

Mr. William Ellery, Mr. Philip Arnold, 

My. Ezekiel Warner, Mr. James Arnold, 

Mr. Richard Fennor, Mr. Daniel Coggeshall, 

Mr. John Dexter, Mr. Rouse Ilelme. 

Mr. John Potter, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyndon clerk. 

The following are admitted freemen of the colony : 

Of Newport, Isaac Stelle, Henry Stacy, David Seaver, Hux- 
ford Merchant, William Strengthfield, Peleg Thurston, Incom 
Sanford, Joseph Wanton, Jr., John Whiting, John Petel, Joshua 
Coggeshall, son of Thomas ; Benjamin Borden, Daniel Bate- 
man, Robert Carter, Joseph Freeborn, James Holmes, Samuel 
Lyndon, Jr., Robert Stevens, William Paul, John Brown, Jr., 
Isaac Bowen, John Morris, William Tate, Evan Malbone, Si- 
mon Newton, Nathaniel Langley, Henry Bliss, Zabdiel Potter, 
Nicholas Brown, John Pitman, Stephen Ayrault, Jonathan Bar- 
den, Matthew Robinson, George Lawton, son of Robert ; Thos. 
Gavitt and Edward Wanton. 

Of Providence, Josiah Jenckes, Charles Olney, Robert 
Knight, Jr., Philip Roberts, Josiah Potter, Othniel Carpenter, 
Resolved Waterman and William Brown. 

Of Portsmouth, William Hall, Jr., Jonathan Pearce, John 
Corey, son of Thomas ; William Butts, Samuel Phettiplace 
and Jonathan Phettiplace. 

Of Warwick, Jonathan Greene, Jeremiah Randall., Benjamin 
Greene, son of John ; and Benjamin Weaver. 

Of Westerly, Henry Willis, Jonathan Lewis, Samuel Gavitt, 
John Crandell, son of Peter ; Benjamin Chase, Matthew 
Greene, Samuel Brown and Benjamin Hall. 

Of North Kingstown, John Baker, Robert Nichols, John Al- 
len, Jr., John Bent, Thomas Northup, Jr., Abicl Tripp, James 
Lewis, Adam Gould, Abraham Willcox, Jabez Chadsey, 



1743.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 63 

Ephraim Gardner, James Gardner, Stukely Congdon, Anthony 
Corey, Israel Phillips, Robert Sweet, Henry Wall, Daniel 
Fourtane, Alexander Havens and Henry Olden. 

Of South Kingstown, Nathan Gardner. 

Of East Greenwich, Benjamin Sweet, Jr. and Nicholas 
Goddard. 

Of Jamestown, William Tew, John Carr and Jonathan 
Greene. 

Of Smithfield, Nathaniel Man, Seth Cooke, Daniel Sayles 
and John Harris. 

Of Scituate, Edward Potter, Thomas Remington, Dean Kim- 
ball, Samuel Rogers, John Level, David Brown, Hugh Pray 
Jeremiah Hopkins, Job Shippey, Jonathan DollafF, Daniel Ben- 
nett and Josiah Bennett. 

Of Glocester, Elisha Cooke, Morris Tucker, Silas Williams, 
Daniel Smith and Timothy Willmarth. 

Of Charlestown, Benjamin Potter. 

Of West Greenwich, Arthur Aylesworth, son of John ; and 
Daniel Case. 

Of Coventry, James Green, son of John ; Azariah Ed- 
dy, Josias Spink, Ptobert Havens, Benjamin Gardner, Joseph 
Potter, John Rice, Richard Stafford, Daniel Colviu, John 
' Holmes, Obadiah Johnson and Samuel Bennett. 

Of Exeter, James Rogers, Jr., and Philip Greene. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhlt/, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the first 
Wednesday in May, 1743. 

The Hon. Richard Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. William Greene, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 



64 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND 



[1743. 



Neivport. 
Capt. George Wanton, 
Mr. Daniel Gould, 
Mr. Nicholas Easton, 
Col. John Cranston, 
Capt. Jonathan Nichols, 
Capt. Ezbon Sanford. 

Providence. 
Mr. John Potter, 
Col. Jabez Bowen, 
Capt. Jonathan Randall, 
Capt. Christopher Harris. 

Portsmouth. 
Capt. John Lawton, 
Capt. Jeremiah Lawton, 
Mr. Robert Lawton, 
Mr. William Anthony, Jr 

Warwick. 
Major Joseph Stafford, 
Major John Rhodes, 
Capt. William Rice, 
Mr. Barlow Greene. 

Westerlif. 
Capt. John Maxson, 
Mr. William Hern. 

New Shoreham. 
Mr. Robert Hull, 
Mr. Henry Gardner. 

North Kingstown. 
Col. Iramanuel Northup, 
Mr. George Tibbetts, Jr. 



DEPUTIES. 

South Kingstoivn. 
Capt. Robert Hassard, 
Mr. Benjamin Peckham, Jr. 

East Greenivich. 
Mr. John Frye, 
Mr. Joseph Nichols. 

Jamestown. 
Mr. Abel Franklin, 
Mr. Samuel Slocum. 

Smithfield. 
Mr. Thomas Steere, 
Mr. David Comstock. 

Scituate. 
Capt. Job Randall, 
Mr. Joseph Knight. 

Glocester. 
INIr. John Walton, 
Capt. Isaiah Inman. 
Oharlestoivn. 
Major Christopher Champlin, 
Capt. Nathaniel Lewis. 

West Greenwich. 
Capt. Ishmael Spink, 
Mr. Samuel Hopkins. 

Coventry. 
Capt. Abel Potter, 
Mr. John Johnson. 

Exeter. 
Capt. Jotn Weight, 
Mr. John Reynolds, Jr. 



Mr. John Potter, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyndon, clerk. 



1743.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 65 

The following oiOficers, declared elected, were duly engaged : 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. Peter Bours, Mr. Daniel Howland, 

Mr. William Ellery, Mr. Philip Arnold, 

Mr. Ezekiel Warner, Mr. James Arnold, 

Mr. Richard Fenner, Mr. Daniel Coggeshall, 

Mr. John Dexter, Mr. Rouse Helme. 

SECEETARY. GENERAL TREASURER. 

Mr. James Martin. Mr. John Gardner. 

ATTORNEY GENERAL. 

Mr. Daniel Updike. 

Voted, that William Burton, Esq., be chosen an assistant, in 
the room of Ezekiel Warner, Esq.^ who refused. 

Voted, that Philip Greene, Esq., be chosen an assistant in 
the room of Philip Arnold, Esq,, who refused. 

Voted and resolved, that Messrs. William Anthony, Jr., and 
William Rice, be, and they are hereby appointed a committee, 
to receive of Richard Ward, Esq., the late Governor, the colony 
seal, giving him a receipt for the same ; and to deliver said 
seal to His Honor, the present Governor, taking his receipt for 
the same. 

Whereas, Col. John Cranston (as captain of Fort George), 
did present to this General Assembly an account for his service 
the last year, and for the service and allowance of board wages 
to the gunner and two other men at said fort, to the 5th day of 
May instant, amounting to the sum of £260 lO^., craving an 
allowance thereof ; — 

Whereupon, it is voted and resolved, that the said sum of 
$260 JOs., be allowed and paid out of the general treasury, 
to the said John Cranston, for him to pay the said gunner and 
two other men their several parts thereof 

God save the King. 

VOL. V. 9 



66 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1743. 



Proceedings of the General Assembli/, held for the Colony of Bhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the loth day of 
June, 1743. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act for dividing the town of Newport, in the county of 

Newport, into two towns. 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of this colony, and 
by the authority thereof, it is enacted, that the said town of 
Newport be divided into two towns ; and the division to begin 
at the head of the creek, that separates the two farms of the 
Hon. Joseph Whipple, Esq., and Godfrey Malbone, of said New- 
port, merchant ; and so to extend upon a direct line between 
the two houses of Elisha Card, and that in the possession of 
Samuel Pemberton, Esq. ; and from thence on a straight line 
to the place where the creek on Easton's Beach runs into the 
sea ; and all to the southward and westward of the said line, to 
belong to the town of Newport ; and all to the northward and 
eastward of said line, to be incorporated into a town by the 
name of MiddletoAvn. 

And be it further enacted by the authorit}^ aforesaid, that 
John Dexter, Esq., Messrs. Benjamin Peckham, Jr., and Sam'l 
Easton, surveyor, be, and they are hereby appointed a commit- 
tee, they, or the major part of them, to run the aforesaid line, 
and make report to the next session of this Assembly. 

Whereas, the inhabitants of New Shoreham, in the county of 
Newport, did, by petition to this Assembly, set forth, that the 
cost in erecting their pier in said New Shoreham, will be 
far greater than they did expect or imagine, and what tliey are 
by no means able to go through with, unless this General As- 



1743.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 67 

sembly will grant tbem a further supply ; and therefore craved 
relief for that purpose ;— 

Which being duly considered, be it enacted by the General 
Assembly of this colony, and by the authority thereof it is en- 
acted, that the sum of £400, be allowed and paid to Mr. Rob" 
ert Hull, out of the general treasury, towards defraying the 
cbarge of building said pier, as soon as a report shall be made 
that the work is completed, by a commitiee to be appointed 
hereafter, by the General Assembly, for that purpose. 

Whereas, there is a balance of £173 16s. Id., due to this 
colony, from the Province of the Massachusets Bay, upon a 
settlement of the accounts of charges of the court of commis- 
sioners for settling the controversy between said governments? 
relating to the boundary line, and other charges respecting 
said affliir ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that Peter Bours, Esq., 
be, and he is hereby appointed to address His Excellency, 
William Shirley, Esq., Governor of said Province, requesting 
the payment of said sum. 

Voted and resolved, that Samuel Wickham, Gideon Wanton, 
Edward Scott and Thomas Ward, Esqs., and the secretary, be, 
and they are hereby appointed a committee, they, or the major 
part of them, to revise the laws of this colony, as well those in 
print already, as those that are not, that the whole thereof may 
be new printed, as soon as conveniently may be. 

Voted and resolved, that Peter ]3ours, Esq., Messrs. John 
Cranston and Ezbon Sanford, be, and they are hereby appoint- 
ed a committee to receive of the late Governor, Rich. Ward,Esq., 
the charier of this colony, the copper plates, books, pnpers, and 
what else belongs to the government, and deliver the same to 
the Hon. William Greene, Esq., the present Governor, giving 
and taking receipts for that purpose. 

Voted and resolved, that the account of Peter Bours, Esq., 
amounting to $11 2-5. od., for shipping off tli<3 Spanish officers, 
being for their passages and necessaries put on board for them, 
be allowed and paid out of the general treasury. 



68 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1743. 

Voted and resolved, that the account of James Davis, keeper 
of His Majesty's jail in Newport, in the county of Newport, 
amounting to £23 7s. Id, for the board of the Spanish captain, 
and his washing, from the 14th day of September, to the 31st 
day of December last past, be allowed and paid out of the gen- 
eral treasury. 

Voted and resolved, that the account of John Easton, 
amounting to £21 Ss. 2d., being for clothes bought for the 
Spanish captain, when put on board, for his return home ; and 
for services done at sundry times, in summoning evidences re- 
specting Stephen Talman's attendance upon the General As- 
sembly, &c., be allowed and paid out of the general treasury. 

Voted and resolved, that James Reynolds, of West Green- 
wich, in the county of Providence, be allowed and paid out of 
the general treasury, the sum of £116 85., for his extraordina- 
ry service and care in maintaining the true division line be- 
tween this colony, and the colony of Connecticut. 

God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assembli/, held for the Colon?/ of PJiode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the fourth Tues- 
day in August, 1743. ^ 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act for incorporating the north-east part of the town of 

Newport, into a township, and the same to be distinguished 

and known by the name of Middletown. 

Whereas, the General Assembly, at their session, held by 

adjournment at Newport, within and for said colony, on the 

second Monday in June, last past, did, among other things, en- 



1743.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 69 

act, that the town of Newport should be divided into two 
towns ; and for that purpose, appointed a committee to run the 
dividing line, and make report thereon to this present ses- 
sion of the Assembly, who have accordingly reported, that they 
have done the same, in the following manner : 

Beginning at the head of the creek, that separates the two farms of the Hon- 
Joseph Whipple, Esq., and Godfrey Malbone, of said Newport, merchant ; and on 
a south course, nineteen degrees and an half east, run a direct line, extending to 
the south-east corner of a lot of land, belonging to Job Almy, of said Newport, 
merchant ; the said corner being between the houses of Elisha Card, and that in 
the possession of Samuel Pemberton ; and from said corner, a straight line south, 
twenty -seven degrees east, crossing the bridge that lieth over the creek, on Eas- 
ton's Beach ; and so into the sea on that course, it being the place where the said 
creek usually runs into the sea. 

And the said report being accepted ; — 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of this colony, and 
by the authority of the same it is enacted, that all the lands to 
the southward and westward of the said line, as before describ- 
ed, belong to the town of Newport ; and that all the lands 
to the northward and eastward of said line, be distinguished 
and known by the name of Middletown ; and that the inhabit- 
ants of said Middletown, from time to time shall have and en- 
joy the like benefits, liberties, privileges and immunities with 
other towns in this colony, according to charter. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the justices of the peace, living within the aforesaid toAvn of 
Middletown, shall remain and continue in their aforesaid offices 
until the next general election ; and that the first of said justices 
of the peace grant forth his warrant to call the inhabitants of 
said Middletown together on Tuesday next, being the 30th day 
of August instant, to elect and appoint such town officers as 
they shall have occasion for, and the law directs ; and to ap- 
point the times and places of their town meetings ; and to 
choose and elect two deputies, to represent them at the next 
General Assembly, and so on, as by the charter is directed. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 



70 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1743. 

said town of Middletown shall send one grand and three petit 
jurors to the superior court of judicature, court of assize and 
general jail delivery ; and three grand and three petit jurors to 
every inferior court of common pleas and general sessions of 
the peace, held within the county of Newport ; and that the 
town of Newport shall hereafter send to each of the aforesaid 
courts, so many jurors less of what they are now compelled by 
law, as is ordered to be sent by the aforesaid town of Middle- 
town. 

Whereas, Samuel Wickham, Gideon Wanton, Edward Scott 
and Thomas Ward, Esqs., and the secretary, were appointed at 
the last session of this Assembly, a committee to revise the 
laws of this colony, as well those in print, as those that are not, 
that the whole might be printed as soon as may be ; — 

It is now voted and resolved, that Mr. John Callender, Jr.^ 
be, and he is hereby added to the aforesaid committee, for that 
purpose ; and that any three of them are hereby empowered to 
act therein ; and that said committee put those laws into 
print, which they have already revised, transcribed and pre 
sented to this Assembly ; putting the charter in print in the 
first i>lace. 

And that said committee procure paper and other necessa- 
ries, for printing off five hundred copies, in the best manner, 
and draw money out of the general treasury to defray the 
charges thereof; and when they are finished, each of the mem- 
bers of this present General Assembly shall be furnished with 
a book gratis. 

Whereas, there was a committee appointed by the General 
Assomldy of this colony, at their present session, to inspect in- 
to the affair of His Majesty's patent, under the privy seal, pro- 
duced by Leonard Lockman, Esq., appointing him clerk of the 
naval or navy office, in said colony (a copy whereof was laid be- 
fore said General Assembly), and make report thereon, and 
said committee accordingly reported in the following manner, 
viz. ; 



1743.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 71 

That with humble submission, it is conceived, that His Majesty was mistaken in 
said grant; for that, by several acts of Parliament, said office is in the appointment 
of the Governor of said colony, who had (according to the privilege used of old) ap- 
pointed a naval officer in said colony, and is by law answerable for the neolects 
and misdemeanors of said officer, agreeably to the statutes in this case provided. 

Which report is A^otecl to be accepted. 
God save the King;. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neiqjort, the last 
Tuesday in September, 1743. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Upon the petition of Elizabeth Munday, of Newport, in the 
county of Newport, widow, craving an allowance of the account 
of her late husband, Richard Munday, deceased, against the 
colony house ; and also for his advice and attendance re- 
specting the building thereof, and for drawing a plan of the 
same ; — 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that Peter Bours, Esq., 
and Capt. Jeremiah Lawton, be, and they are hereby appointed 
a committee, to consider what shall be allowed to the petition- 
er, for her late husband's advice and attendance, &c., about the 
colony house, and drawing a plan thereof, and make report 
thereon. 

God save the King. 



72 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [114:1 



Proceedings of the General Assembhj, held for the Colomj of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kingstoivn, the 
last Wednesday/ of October, 1743. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Wliipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Whereas, Comfort Taylor, of Little Compton, in the county 
of Bristol, and Province of the Massachusetts Bay, widow, did, 
by petition, set forth to this Assembly, that at a court of 
equity, held at Providence, within and for said colony, on the 
second Tuesday of October, instant, the petitioner obtained a 
judgment against a negro man, named Cuff, belonging to Thom- 
as Borden, of Portsmouth, in the county of Newport, for £200, 
and costs of suit, for a grievous trespass, committed by said 
Cuff, against her ; and that, as the execution will go against 
his person to be imprisoned, according to the common form of 
executions, it is not clear that the sheriff can dispose of him, 
which she apprehends he ought to have power to do, because 
said negro is not free, but a private property ; and therefore 
prayed that the said sheriff might be empowered to sell him, as 
other personal estate, taken by execution, to satisfy debts ; 
and considering the great abuse she has suffered, and the 
charge that will come out of said negro, for prison fees, she de- 
sired that the fine of £20 against said negro Cufi' might be 
remitted, otherwise she should get nothing for all the hardships 
she has endured ; — 

Upon consideration whereof, it is voted and resolved, that 
the sheriff of the said county of Newport, when he shall receive 
the execution against the said negro Cuff, be, and he is hereby 
fully empowered to sell said negro Cuff as other personal es- 
tate ; and after the fine of £20 be paid into the general treas- 



1743.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 73 

ury, and all other charges deducted out of the price of said ne- 
gro, the remainder to be appropriated in said satisfying said 
execution. 

Voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, write a 
letter in answer to the agent's letter relating to the naval offi- 
cer, and present the same to this Assembly as soon as conven- 
iently may be, in order to be sent home. 

God save tho King. 

[The following laws of a public nature, passed during the 
year 1743, are printed at length, in the Digestof 1747.] 

An Act to prevent all persons from voting in any town meet- 
ing in this colony, saving in the town where such person 
dwells. 

An Act directing the manner of choosing grand jurors through- 
out this colony. 

An Act directing the attendance of the petit jurors and wit- 
nesses at the courts in this colony. 

An Act to prevent the fish being stopped in their course up 
Pawcatuck river. 

An Act for the preventing the counterfeiting of bills of public 
credit emitted by any of the governments of New England, 
and to prevent defacing the same.* 

An Act to prevent persons convicted of counterfeiting bills of 
public credit, or any other forgery, from proxing or voting 
in this colony, or from being chosen to any office. 



* So much had the colonies suffered by the counterfeiting of their bills of credit, 
that the most severe penalties were necessarily inflicted, to put a check to it. In the 
act in question, it was provided that " persons so offending therein, shall be pilloried, 
and have both his, her or their ears cropped, and be branded with the letter R, on 
each cheek, and be imprisoned at the discretion of the judges for the time being, before 
whom all such offenders shall be tried, and shall pay double damages to all persons 
defrauded or cheated, with all costs of prosecution ; and double interest during the 
time of possessing said bill or bills." Furthermore, " that all deeds or other instru- 
ments of lands or personal estate, made by persons convicted of counterfeiting, shall 
be void."— J. R. B. 
VOL. V. 10 



74 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1744. 

An Act for the greater ease of the inhabitants in discharging 
their debts due to the colony. 

An Act to prevent the unnecessary quashing of justices' orders 
in case of bastardy. 

An Act for the more effectual calling in and exchanging the 
public bills of credit of this colony, emitted in 17-iO. 

An Act for the more effectual punishment of negroes, that shall 
attempt to commit a rape on any Avhite woman. 

An Act for restoring Silas Greenman, of Westerh', to his for- 
mer rights and privileges, as a freeman of this colony. 

An Act for stating the prices of ferriage at the several ferries 
in this colony. 

An Act stating the fees of the collector of His Majesty's cus- 
toms, and the naval officer in this colony. 

An Act establishing the fees of the court of vice admiralty, 
this colony. 

An x\ct for settling and ascertaing damages upon protested 
bills of exchange. 

Letter from Governor Sliirlcy to Governor Greene. 

Boston, January 29, 1744-5. 

Sir : — Though I doubt not but that the interest of the common cause of New 
England, will sufficiently animate your government to exert themselves vigorously 
in the intended expedition against Louisburg, yet I would beg leave to add, that 
the exposed situation of your colony by sea, and the resentment of the enemy 
against it, on account of the activeness of your privateers, make it particularly prob- 
able that you may have a sudden visit from the French, this summer, if Cape Briton 
is not reduced. 

The gentlemen who deliver this, will apprise Your Honor how essential it is, to. 
wards our proceeding in this importmt affair, that we should have a naval fonjc be- 
fore Louisburg, by the beginning or the middle of March, at furthest, to cut off the 
enemy's provision vessels, and intercept Mr. Duvivicr, who is expected about 
that time with recruits for the garrison ; which latter event must be so killing a 
blow to the people of the town and garrison, that it would not fail of being deci- 
sive ; and they will also let yon know what this government has done, and what 
applications I have made towards providing such a naval force ; I hope, therefore, 
you will not fail to exert yourself in this respect. They will further inform you how 
necessary it is that we should have a proper train of artillery, which should be four 
pieces, of eighteen pound shot, to twenty-four pound ; of which sort, we have not» 
sufficient in our castle; and I therefore hope you will contribute your quota, also 
in this respect. 



1744.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 75 

I doubt not but our united force, vigorously exerted upon this occasion, in con- 
junction with His Majesty's other neighboring colonies, will meet with success 
which I hope will be the event of this expedition, and am, sir. 

Your Honor's most obedient humble servant, 

W. SHIRLEY. 

Hon'ble Governor Greene. 



Proceedings of the General AssemUy held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kingstoivn, the 
lith dajj of February, 1743-44. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act for emitting the sum of £40,000 in bills of public 
credit, of the new tenor, to be let upon loan. 

Protest. 

We, the subscribers, dissent from the foregoing vote, and protest against it, for 
the following reasons : 

1st. Because the interest to be paid by (hose who take up the bills emitted by 
this act, is so low, and the principal to be paid in again at such distant periods, that 
it will necessarily depreciate their value, as well as frustrate one of the principal 
ends of emitting, and letting them out upon loan, which is to defray the charges of 
the government. 

2d. Because we think that making so large a bank at this time, will be of most 
pernicious consequence to the trade of this colony, by so much depreciating our 
whole paper currency, that it may bring on a discount between our bills ami those 
of the neighboring governments, (being what they once aimed at), which when once 
begun, no one can tell where it will stop, and must introduce the utmost difficulties 
and confusion in our trade with the inhabitants of those governments, upon which 
our foreign trade so much depends. 

3d. Because this emission will make so large an addition to that load of bank 
mortgages already upon the lands of this colony, that posterity will never be able 
to discharge them, but must unavoidably end in the utter ruin of a vast number of 
families. 

4th. Because we look upon it to be highly unjust to make an act that will 
naturally and necessarily depreciate the bills already extant, whereby all creditors 



76 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1744. 

will be defrauded of a great part of their just dues ; -widows and orphans, whose in- 
terest consists of money, will be greatly injured and oppressed, all industry dis- 
couraged, and idleness, extravagance and extortion highly encouraged to the mani- 
fest hurt and dishonor of the colony. 

5th. Because we apprehend it will greatly endanger our most valuable charter 
privileges, and be looked upon as a presumptuous and undutiful piece of con- 
duct, to add one large emission to another, and of such a pernicious tendency, 
after so many instructions, admonitions, and commands to the contrary, which have 
been sent to this colony, both from the then lords justices, and from the lords com- 
missioners of trade and plantations, as well as the votes of the Honorable House of 
Commons, showing their disapprobation of such a paper currency ; all which have 
been now read in this house. 

6th. Because, as we apprehend, that this fatal act will be attended with all the 
pernicious consequences before mentioned, we would have the whole colony as well 
as posterity, know that we have not been instrumental in their ruin and misery, 
but have endeavored, (as much as in us lay,) to preserve and transmit down to pos- 
terity the privileges and properties which their ancestors obtained and earned with 
■so much hazard, labor and expense. 

SAMUEL WICKHAM, JOSEPH JACOB, 

JOHN TILLINGHAST, BENJAMIN HALL. 

[A protest was also presented by Peter Bours, another mem- 
ber of the Assembly, against the passage of the act referred to. 
It is omitted here, on account of its length.] 

An Act repealing an act made in the fifteenth year of His 
present Majesty's reign, entitled " An act for appointing and 
erecting a court of equity, to hear and determine all appeals 
in personal actions, from the judgments of the superior court," 
and for granting reviews in personal actions. 
Whereas, it is found, by experience, that the trials of causes 
by the said court of equity is inconvenient, and a great griev- 
ance to the inhabitants of this colony ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, and by 
the authority of the same, that the said act, and every clause 
thereof, be, and it is hereby repealed, and made null and void ; 
and that the said court be, and it hereby is dissolved and 
abolished. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
all the records of said court shall be lodged and remain in the 
secretary's office, and that they be, and remain as valid ; and 
all copies extracted therefrom, and attested by the secretary, 



1744.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 77 

shall be as authentic, to all intents and purposes in the law as 
if the said court of equity were still in being. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that all 
executions upon any judgments obtained in said court, and not 
satisfied, shall be hereafter granted forth by the secretary, and 
be returnable into his office, on such days, as would have been 
the first days of said court of equity's sitting, had not the 
same been hereby abolished. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that all 
writs of scire facias, upon any judgment obtained in the said 
court of equity, shall be brought before the judges of the supe- 
rior court of judicature, who are hereby authorized and empow- 
ered to take cognizance of the same, in the same manner they 
might have done, if the said judgments had been obtained in 
the said superior court. 

And, to the end that there may be no failure of justice, and 
that no person or persons be foreclosed by any judgment, where 
they might, upon a new trial, be provided with new and further 
evidence for their defence ; — 

Be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the person or 
persons that shall be aggrieved at any judgment of the superior 
court, shall, and may have liberty to bring a writ of review, 
and thereupon have another hearing of said cause, in the said 
superior court. 

Provided, the said party hath obtained a judgment in the 
said cause, either at the inferior or superior court, and no 
other person whatsoever ; and the party bringing such writ of 
review, shall bring an attested copy of the whole case, and 
each party shall have the benefit of any new and further pleas 
and evidence ; and the party who shall recover judgment in 
such action of review, shall recover all lawful costs by him at 
any time before expended in said suit. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
when and so often as it shall happen, that both parties shall 
bring actions of review to the superior court in the same cause, 
that then, and in such case, the writs in both actions, and all 
the evidence of both parties, shall be committed together by 



78 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1744. 

the court to the same jury, in order to confirm, reverse or alter 
the former judgment of the superior court, according to law 
and justice ; and the party who shall recover judgment, shall 
recover the whole costs of both suits. 

Provided, that no action of review shall be brought after the 
expiration of one year from the time of rendering the judg- 
ment to be reviewed, and that the said writ or summons of re- 
view, shall be taken out and served thirty days before the sit- 
ting of said court to which such action of review shall be 
brought ; and the reasons of such review shall be therein con- 
tained, saving to any infant, feme covert, or person non com- 
pos mentis, or beyond sea, one year after such impediment be 
removed, to bring their writ of review, as aforesaid. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
execution shall not be stayed or suspended, by reason of any 
such action of review ; and that any judgment given in any 
action of review, shall no ways hinder the party who shall be 
aggrieved thereat, to appeal to His Majesty in council, in aU 
cases where the law of this colony permits and allows the same- 

And 136 it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the 
sherifls, or their deputies, shall take good and sufficient bail in 
all writs of review that shall be directed to them, to answer the 
judgments that shall be thereon given ; and where the body of 
the defendant cannot be found, nor sufficient estate be found 
to attach, to answer the said actions of review, that then, and 
in such case, it shall, and may be lawful for the sheriflf, or his 
deputy, to attach the money, goods or land by him received, 
seized or attached by virtue of the execution taken out in 
pursuance of the former judgment obtained, if the same be 
remaining in his hands, or unsold at the time of his receiv- 
ing the said writ of review. 

Provided, nevertheless, and it is the true intent and meaning of 
this act, that the same, and every part thereof, shall take place 
and be in force the first Wednesday in May next ensuing the date 
hereof, and not before ; any thing herein contained, or any 
law, custom or usage to the contrary hereof, in any wise, 
notwithstanding;. 



1744.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 79 

Whereas, Peter Bourse, Samuel Wickham and Edward Scott, 
Esqs., were appointed a committee to examine into the conduct 
of the court of vice admiralty, relating to the condemnation of 
the sloop Gertrude, Samuel Baal, commander, did report, that 
they had procured a copy of the case, and examined Samuel 
Pemberton, Esq., late deputy judge of said court, who informed 
them, that he had no other reasons to give, why he condemned 
said sloop, than tho?e he had assigned in the body of his 
decree. 

Which report is voted to be accepted. 

Voted and resolved, that the Hon. Joseph Whipple, Esq., 
Peter Bours and Samuel Wickham, Esqs., be, and they are 
hereby appointed a committee to prepare a letter for His 
Honor, the Governor, to sign, and send the same to their ex- 
cellencies, the lords justices, respecting the condemnation of 
the sloop Gertrude, and to send home a copy of the decree of 
the court of vice admiralty concerning said condemnation ; and 
that said committee send, by the first good opportunity, £150 
to the agent of this colony ; and they are hereby empowered 
to draw money out of the general treasury to sufficient to pur- 
chase said sum, in bills of exchange, gold or silver, for the pur- 
pose aforesaid. 

Governor Greene's Letter to the DuJce of Neiucastle. 

Newport, Rhode Island, March 15, 1843. 
My Lord : — In obedience to the directions of their excellencies, the late lords jus- 
tices, to me, to procure and send the proceedings of the court of admiralty, here, upon 
the trial of a barque, of Curraco, called La Gertruyda, Capt. Samuel Baal, f;om- 
mander, taken near Rio de la Hache, by three English privateers, commanded by 
Robert Flowers, John Rows and William Wilkinson, and condemned in the 
court of admiralty, in this colony, and divided among the captors, (which Mr. Hop, 
minister from the States General of the United Provinces, complains of, as contrary 
to the treaties subsisting between His Majesty and the States), together v^ith a full 
account of the reasons which induced the said court to proceed to the condemnation 
of her. I have procured the enclosed authentic copy of the trial of the said barque, 
from the records of the admiralty court ; and a committee of the General Assembly 
of this colony has been appointed to inquire of the late deputy judge (who is now a 
prisoner for debt), what reasons he had to Induce him to proceed to the condemna- 
tion of said barque, who replied, that he had no other reasons to render but those 
he had assigned in the body of his decree. So that I am not able to give your grace 



80 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1744. 

any further account, but humbly hope, that, as this court, which has the sole cogni- 
zance of prizes, is wholly independent of any authority in this colony, that the 
Governor and Company will never be thought liable to censure on account of any 
judgment in that court, that may be thought owing to the mistakes or passions of an 
ignorant or indigent person ; that without their consent or knowledge, may be de- 
puted to judge and determine singly in matters of such high and public concern- 
ment. I am, with great respect, my lord, 

Your Grace's most humble and most obedient servant, 
To His Grace, the Duke of Newcastle. W. GREENE. 

Voted, that Thomas Pearce, son of John ; Abel Hall, Nicho- 
las Goddard, John Manchester, Jr., and Benjamin Corey, all 
of East Greenwich, in the county of Providence, be admitted 
freemen of this colony. 

God save the King. 

Letter from the Duke of Newcastle to Governor Greene. 

Whitehall, March 31st, 1744. 
Sir : — The French king having declared war against His Majesty, (as you will 
see by the enclosed copy of his declaration, for that purpose, which is full of the 
grossest and most indecent misrepresentations, and reflections upon His Majesty's 
conduct,) I am to acquaint you, by His Majesty's command, that on Thursday last, 
the 29th instant, a great council was held at St. James's, where His Majesty ap- 
proved, and has since signed, a declaration of war against the French king, and or- 
dered that the same should be published on this day, by the heralds at arms, in the 
usual places, and with the accustomed formalities on the like occasions ; which has 
been done, accordingly. 

I send you enclosed, a printed copy of the said declaration, and am commanded 
to signify to you His Majesty's pleasure, that you cause it to be proclaimed in the 
colony under your government, that His INIajesty's subjects having this notice, may 
take care to prevent any mischief, which otherwise they might suffer from the ene- 
my, and do their duty in their several stations, to distress and annoy the subjects of 
the French king. 

And His Majesty would have you be very rigorous and severe, in preventing any 
ammunition, or stores of any kind, from being carried to them ; and you are to 
use all proper methods, that may be most effectual for that purpose. 

I send you enclosed, His Majesty's proclamation for the distribution of prizes 
taken by His Majesty's ships of war, or privateers, which, you will take care, may 
be published in the colony under your government; and you will do every thing in 
your power, to encourage His Majesty's subjects to fit out ships to act as privateers 
against the enemy ; and you will, upon the receipt of this letter, take all opportuni- 
ties, as far as depends upon you, to distress and annoy the French in their settle- 
ments, trade and commerce. 

I am, sir, your most obedient humble servant, 
To the Governor of Rhode Island. NEWCASTLE. 



1744.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the \st day 
of May, Vi a. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. Peter Bours, Mr. Philip Greene, 

Mr. William Ellery, Mr. Daniel Coggeshali, 

Mr. William Burton, Mr. Rouse Helme. 

Mr. Stephen Hopkins, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyndon, 
clerk. 

The following are admitted freemen of the colony : 

Of Newport, Miller Frost, Elisha Johnson, Timothy Newell, 
Jonathan Nichols, vintner ; James Tanner, Jonathan Bardin, 
Lawrence Payne, Matthew Robinson, Samuel Carr, son of Sam- 
uel ; Kendall Nichols, Jr., William Benson, Nathan Carpenter, 
John Coggeshali, son of Abraham ; John Rouse, James Ger- 
rald, William Gibbs, Job Almy, Ephraim Harris, Solomon Sen- 
ter, Charles Coombs, Daniel Smith, William Torrey, John 
Brown, son of Samuel ; Peleg Clarke, Daniel Coggeshali, John 
Amory, Joseph Bull, Ebenezer Baldwin, John Belitho, South- 
cote Langworthy, Jonathan Lawtou, son of Jeremiah ; Benja- 
min Cranston and John Tanner. 

Of Providence, Seth Dean, Jonathan Bucklin, Benjamin 
Gorham, Jonathan Hammond, John Jenckes, John Wilkinson, 
Jeremiah Knight, Jeremiah Westcot, Moses Burlingame, Jr.? 

VOL. V. 11 



82 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1744. 

Christopher Waterman, James Irwin, Benjamin Brown, John 
Aplin, David Harris and Samuel Chace. 

Of Portsmouth, John Dexter, Jr., Jacob Mott, Jr., Benjamin 
Ereeborn, David Earle, Thomas Manchester, Thomas Brownell, 
Samuel Clarke, Silas Talman, Benjamin Fish, Jonathan Allen^ 
Caleb Allen, George Lawton, Robert Lawton, Jr., Thomas Slo- 
cum and Joseph Martin, Jr. 

Of Warwick, Benjamin Clarke, Jeremiah Colegrove, Benja- 
min Ellis, Benjamin Arnold, William Battey, Anthony Holdon, 
Daniel Budlong, Silas Baker, James Cook, Matthew Prince 
and Thomas Tibbetts. 

Of Westerly, William Crumb, Jr., Thomas Pendleton, Na- 
thaniel Cotterel, John West, William Davis, Jr., John Champ- 
lin, Caleb JNIaxson, Jonathan Palmitter, Jr., Thomas Wells, Jr., 
Thomas Rathbone, Andrew Champlin, Rice Nicholas, Stephen 
Saunders, Jr., Elisha Stillman and Gideon Worden. 

Of New Shoreham, Abel Franklin, Jr., Nathaniel Mott and 
Nathaniel Dodge. 

Of North Kingstown, Thomas Turgee, Nathaniel Berry^ 
Benjamin Greene, Thomas Cooper, William Dyre, Samnel War- 
iier, James Boone, Charles Brown, Jr., Nicholas Watson, James 
Douglas and John Vaughan, Jr. 

Of South Kingstown, William Potter, son of John ; Abie! 
Shearman, Joshua Bell, Jonathan Shearman, Joseph Hull, Wil- 
liam Briggs, John Potter, son of Ichabod , David Stanton and 
Jeremiah Browning. 

Of East Greenwich, Benjamin Sweet, Jr., William Spenser, 
son of Peleg ; John Spenser, Jr., John Gardner, schoolmaster ; 
David Vaughan and Daniel Vaughan, sons of Robert. 

Of Jamestown, Benedict Remington and William Martin. 

Of Smithfield, Maturin Bellou, Jr., Stephen Inman, Silvanus 
Aldrich, John Sa^des, Jr., Anthony Comstock. Samuel Cook 
Roger Derby, Samuel Aldrich, son of Sauuiel ; Ezekiel Angel 
Daniel Smith, son of Elisha ; Benj. Wilkinson, Jos. Carpenter. 
John Scott, Jr., Resolved Waterman, Jr., Abraham Winsor, John 
Windsor, John Tredwin, Baulston Brayton, John Knox, Samuel 



1744.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 83 

Buxton, Benjamin Buxton, Benjamin Thompson, Thomas Man, 
Oliver Man, Thomas Woodward. 

Of Scituate, John Ilulet, Ezekiel Hopkins, Jr., John Pray, 
John Weight, Noah Fisk, Uriah Franklin, Jonathan Hopkins, 
Samuel Corpe, Jr., Stephen Williams, William Salsbury. 
John Herenden, Jr., Oliver Westcot, John Sprague, Nathaniel 
Kimbell, Joshua Eddy, Gideon Smith, David Aylsworth, Ben- 
jamin Colvin and Ebenezer King. 

Of Gloucester, Eliphalet Weight, William Herenden, John 
Grover, Thomas Knolton, John Davis, Elias Smith, Noah Ar- 
nold, Obadiah Inman, John Whipple, Ebenezer Darling, James 
Cowen, George Bumpus, Eliphalet Eddy, Ebenezer Howard, 
Benjamin Phetteplace, Noah Aldrich, Jonathan Cutter, Stephen 
Smith, Jr., and Nathaniel Man. 

Of Charlestown, John Ladd, Ichabod Closson, William 
Welch, David Nichols, William Potter, Jr., Jonathan James, 
John Willbore, Joseph Woodmansie, Jr., Lott Tripp, David 
Moore, Stephen Willcox, Jr., William Congdon, Samuel Stan- 
ton, Joseph Dodge and David Babcock. 

Of West Greenwich, Isaac Johnson, Arthur Aylesworth, son 
of John ; Daniel Case, Joseph Dolliver, John Reynolds, son of 
Samuel ; John Young, Amos Jones, James Willson, Henry jNIat- 
tason, son of Henry ; John Greene, Jr., Robert Willson, Josiah 
Sweet, Jeremiah Ellis, Jr., Joseph Spenser, Ezekiel Whitford, 
John Case, Jr., Chad Aylesworth, Thomas Rogers, Robert Car- 
penter, Robert Briggs, Benjamin Rogers, Thomas Thurston, 
Samuel Niles, Amos Mattason and Timothy Carpenter. 

Of Coventry, Thomas Brayton, William Burlingame, Stephen 
Colvin, Anthony Corey, Job Potter, Uriah Staflbrd, James 
Greene, Jr., Stephen Cappel, Stephen Nichols, Roger Burlin. 
game, Thomas Stafford, Jr., Thomas Stafford, son of William ; 
Adam Caston and Samuel Perkins. 

Of Exeter, Robert Mowrey, Robert Reynolds, JNloses Barber, 
Jr., Nicholas Barber, John Rathbone, Jr., John Champlin, Jede- 
diah Irish, Samuel Gardner, Joseph Rogers, John Reynolds, 
son of John ; James Eldred and George Weight. 



84 



KECOKDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND 



[1744. 



Of Middletown, Benjamin Smith, Isaac Manchester, Samuel 
Rogers, Jr., Samuel Allen, James Peckham, Jonathan Peck- 
ham, Joseph Nichols, Benjamin Nichols, Elisha Weaver^ 
Thomas Weaver, son of Thomas Weaver, Jr., and Joseph 
Eider. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhly held for the Colony of 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport, the 
Iddwj of May., 1744. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 



Newport. 
Mr. Samuel Wickhara, 
Mr. Peter Coggeshall, 
Mr. John Tillinghast, 
Col. John Cranston, 
Mr. Joseph Jacob, 
Major Benjamin HaU, 

Providence. 
Col. Jabez Bowen, 
Mr. John Burton, Jr., 
Mr. Stephen Hopkins, 
Capt. Joseph Borden. 

Portsmouth. 
Mr. Stephen Brownell, 
Mr. Gideon Freeborn, Jr 
Mr. Benjamin Tucker, 
Mr. Joseph Brownell, Jr 



DEPUTIES. 

WarivicJc. 
Major Joseph Stafford. 
Major John Rhodes, 
Mr. John Holdon, Jr., 
INIr. John Warner. 
Westerly. 
Capt. John jNIaxson, 
Mr. William Babcock. 

New Shoreham. 
Capt. Edward Sands, 
Air. Thomas Dickens. 

North Kingstown. 
Col. Immanuel Northup, 
Mr. Daniel Gould. 

South Kingstown. 
Capt. Robert Hassard, 
Mr, James Perry. 



1744.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



85 



East Greemvich. 
Mr. Joseph Frye, 
Mr. Joseph Nichols. 

Jamestown. 
Mr. Samuel Clarke, 
Mr, Daniel Weeclen. 

Smithfield. 
Major William Smith, 
Mr. Thomas Steere. 

Scitiiate. 
Capt. Job Randall, 
Mr. Jeremiah Angell. 

Glocester. 
Capt. John Smith, 
Mr. Richard Steere. 



DEPUTIES. 

Charkstoivn. 
Mr. Stephen Hoxie, 
Col. Christopher Chmplain. 

West Greenwich. 
Mr. Joseph Slocum, 
Mr. Benjamin Spink. 

Coventry. 
Capt. Abel Potter, 
Mr. John Johnson. 

Exeter. 
Capt. John Weight, 
Capt. John Reynolds. 

Middletoivn. 
Mr. Daniel Gould, 
Mr. John Taylor. 



Mr. Stephen Hopkins, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyndon, 
clerk. 

The following officers declared elected, were duly engaged. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Mr. Benjamin Hassard, 
Mr, William Ellery, 
Mr, William Burton, 
Mr. Richard Fenner, 
Mr. Daniel Howland, 



Mr, Robert Lawton, 
Mr, James Arnold, 
Mr. William Rice, 
Mr. Daniel Coggeshall, 
Mr. Rouse Helme, 



SECEETAEY. 

Mr. James Martin. 

ATTORNEY GENERAL. 

Mr. Daniel Updike. 



GENERAL TREASURER. 

Mr. John Gardner, 



86 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1744. 

Whereas, there are sundry appeals from the superior court 
of judicature, to the court of equity, which remain yet unde- 
termined, and said court of equity being now dissolved ; — 

It is therefore resolved, that William Ellery, Esq., Messrs- 
Samuel Wickhara, Joseph Jacob and the attorney general be, 
and they are hereby appointed a committee to consider of a 
remedy in said affiiir, and prepare a bill for that purpose, and 
present the same to the next session of this Assembly. 

Voted and resolved, that Col. John Cranston be, and he is 
hereby appointed to procure for the use of Fort George, five 
barrels of gunpowder, and so much shot as he shall think ne- 
cessary, as soon as may be, and draw money out of the general 
treasury to pay for the same. 

Whereas, Peter Bours, Samuel Wickham and Daniel Gould, 
Esqs., and the secretary, being the major part of the committee 
appointed by the General Assembly, at their session in Febru- 
ary last past, to receive from Mr. James Helme (one of the 
committee appointed to exchange the bank emitted in A. D. 
1740), what money has been exchanged by him, did report 
that they had received from the said James Helme the sum of 
£1,409 ISs. 10c/., in the new tenor of several denominations, 
and burnt the same, pursuant to the vote of said General 
Assembly ; — 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that the said report be 
accepted. 

God save the King. 



1744.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 87 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport, the fourth 
Tuesday in May, 1744. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Whereas, it has been heretofore customary for the grand 
committee to give one another orders upon the general treasu 
ry, for paying themselves for signing of bills of credit, which is 
conceived to be very irregular ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that for the future, the 
grand committee do not draw any money out of the general 
treasury, for such a service as aforesaid, but by order of the 
General Assembly. 

Upon the petition of sundry inhabitants of the town of 
Providence, in the county of Providence, praying that an ar- 
tillery company might be incorporated in said town, and a 
charter granted them in such manner as has been heretofore 
done ; — 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that this petition be 
granted ; provided, the company be raised in the county of 
Providence, aforesaid ; and called by the name of the Artillery 
Company, of the county of Providence ; and that no person 
be admitted into said company but by the consent of the pa- 
tentees or petitioners ; and that a charter be granted to said 
company, under the colony seal, and signed by the secretary, 
in the same form as the charter granted to the Artillery Com- 
any in the town of Newport, in the county of Newport. 

Voted and resolved, that William Ellery and Samuel Wick- 
ham, Esqs., and Mr. John Callender, be, and they are hereby 
appointed a committee to draw a petition to His Majesty, for a 
number of cannon, and other warlike stores, for the use of this 



88 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1744. 

colony, to be signed by His Honor, the Governor, in behalf of 
the General Assembly, and present the same to the next ses- 
sion of this Assembly. 

Voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, write to 
His Honor, the Governor of Connecticut, and move to him, 
that, upon any emergent occasion, the two colony sloops may 
join in their cruises. 

Voted and resolved, that the sum of £300 be allowed and 
paid out of the general treasury, to the Hon. William Greene, 
Esq., Governor of this colony, for his last year's salary and ex- 
traordinary service. 

Voted and resolved, that the sum of £50 be allowed and 
paid out of the general treasury, to the Hon. Joseph Whipple? 
Esq., Deput}'' Governor of said colony, for his last year's salary 
and extraordinary service. 

Voted and resolved, that the Hon. Joseph Whipple, Esq., 
Deputy Governor, Stephen Hopkins, Esq., Messrs. Stephen 
Brownell, Robert Hassard, Job Randall and Samuel Perry, be, 
and they are hereby appointed a committee, to determine what 
is ratable estate, and prepare a bill for the same, and present 
it to the next session of this Assembly. 

God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colons/ of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport^ the \Wi 
day of June, 1744. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act for putting this colony in a proper posture of defence, 
in the present war. 



1744.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 89 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly, and by the authori- 
ty thereof it is enacted, that the battery under Fort George, be 
enlarged, so as to mount two cannons more in a complete man- 
ner, at the south end thereof; and that ten men more be ad- 
ded to the former twenty soldiers for the defence of said fort ; 
and that the gunner's pay be augmented to £10 per month, 
and the men's to £8 per month, old tenor ; which men may be 
impressed by the field officers of the county of Newport, in 
case a sufficient number do not enlist in ten days ; and that a 
lieutenant be dppointed to said fort by the General Assembly, 
and to receive the pay of £20 per month, old tenor, he con- 
stantly residing at said fort, till the 10th day of October next 
ensuing, and finding himself 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
eighty barrels of good gunpowder (including what is already 
ordered to be purchased), and fifteen hundred pounds weight 
of musket balls be procured as soon as may be, at the expense 
of the colony, and for the use thereof, by the commissary ; fifty 
barrels of said powder to be for the use of said Fort George, and 
to be delivered to the captain of said fort ; twelve barrels there- 
of to be for the use of the colony sloop Tartar, and to be deliv- 
ered to the captain of said sloop ; three barrels thereof, for the 
defence of Block Island, and to be delivered to Capt. Edward 
Sands ; and the remaining fifteen barrels, with the musket 
balls, to be divided to the three counties ; that is, five barrels 
of gun powder and one-third part of the musket balls to each 
county, to be delivered to the colonel of the regiment, within 
the same. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the commissary, as he shall purchase any of the aforesaid war- 
like stores, shall draw money out of the general treasury to 
pay for the same, as he shall have occasion ; and render an 
annual account of the expenses arising thereon, or sooner, if 
required thereto by the General Assembly. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the rate ordered to be levied at the last session, be augmented 

VOL. V. 12 



90 RECOEDS OF TIIE COLONY OP EHODE ISLAND [1744. 

to the sum of £10,000, old tenor, to be collected as said act 
expressetli ; the whole to be done in nine months' time. 

But for the present supply of the government with neces- 
sary stores, £2,500, new tenor, be impressed from the plates^ 
dated 1743, and signed by the grand committee, and deliv- 
ered to the general treasurer, immediately to be applied to 
the uses aforesaid, and no other ; and the aforesaid sum to be 
sunk by said rate, when collected. 

An Act for fitting out the colony sloop Tartar, in company 

with the sloop kept by His Majesty's colony of Connecticut, 

for guarding the coast. 

Whereas, it is necessary for the safety of trade on the coast 
of New England, and the preservation of shipping, to keep some 
vessels of force cruising, to protect His Majesty's subjects 
and their efiects against foreign enemies now in time of open 
war ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof it is enacted, that the colony sloop Tartar 
be forthwith fitted out in a warlike manner, with guns, ammu- 
nition, and all other stores of war, and other necessary stores, 
as soon as possible, and be manned with ninety able bodied 
men (officers included), and proceed forthwith on a cruise, sail- 
ing as fiir eastward as Martha's Vineyard, and as fiir westward 
as Long Island extends, and to continue said cruise (without 
any intermission, only to procure necessaries) from the time of 
sailing, until the 1st day of October next. 

And all the soldiers, by act of Assembly ordered to Block 
Island, for its security, are hereby ordered on board said sloop 
Tartar, upon her aforesaid cruise, as part of said number of 
men appointed. 

And the officers and men on board said sloop, are hereby allow- 
ed the following wages and encouragements : the captain, £25 
per month ; the lieutenant, £'15 per month ; the master, £12 
per month ; the gunner, £12 per month ; the mates, £ 1 1 per 
month; the boatswain, £11 per month; the carpenter, £11 



1744.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 91 

per montli ; the surgeon, £15 per month ; and to the sailors, 
or other hands on board said sloop, £8 per mouth ; which said 
captain and lieutenant shall be appointed by the General As- 
sembly ; and the said captain shall appoint all the other offi- 
cers, and ship the other hands. 

And whatever prize or prizes, or part thereof, shall be taken 
by said sloop, shall be divided among the captors in the follow- 
ing proportion, viz. : one-eighth part to the captain ; two- 
eighths equally to be divided among the other officers ; and 
the remaining five-eighths, in equal shares among the men, or 
their representatives, if any be killed or die. 

And during said cruise, the allowance on board said sloop 
shall be as followeth, viz. : to each man per week, seven pounds 
of bread, four pounds of beef, two pounds of pork, two quarts 
of peas or beans, and one pound of butter • and for every day, 
each man half a pint of rum. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that all 
necessaries for said sloop, shall at all times be procured at the 
expense of the colony, by the commissary thereof, and delivered 
by him to the captain of said sloop ; and in case a sufficient 
number of men shall not have entered voluntarily on board said 
sloop, when ready to sail, then the Governor or Deputy Gov- 
ernor, are empowered forthwith to grant a warrant for impress- 
ing a sufficient number for cruising, as aforesaid. 

Provided, nevertheless, that His Honor, the Governor, is re- 
quested speedily to acquaint His Honor, the Governor of Connec- 
ticut, with this act of the General Assembly, that said colony 
of Connecticut may comply with the intent thereof, by fitting 
out their colony sloop in conjunction, as aforesaid, for guarding 
the trade, and preserving the interest of both governments, if 
they shall think fit ; but in case said government of Connec- 
ticut shall not join force with this colony by fitting out their 
sloop, as aforesaid, then the said sloop Tartar is not to be sent 
out on said cruise by virtue of this act ; but shall be sent 
out only upon any emergency, as His Honor, the Governor, 
shall have intelligence, and judge necessary^ ond proper j 
any thing afore written, notwithstanding. 



92 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF KHODE ISLAND [1744. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the commissary draw money out of the general treasury, for 
the purposes aforesaid, and pay the aforementioned wages 
at the end of every cruise, and account annually, or oftener, 
as the General Assembly shall direct. 

Voted and resolved, that a commissary be now chosen, to 
take care of the colony's arms, war like stores and other 
stores, and to perform such other duties as properly belong to 
said office • and that such commissary shall be hereafter an- 
nually chosen by the General Assembly, at their session, held 
on the first Wednesday in May. 

Voted and resolved, that the Hon. Joseph Whipple, Esq., 
and Col. John Cranston, being of the former committee, ap- 
pointed to take care of the colony sloop Tartar, and to fit her 
out upon a cruise, do deliver to the commissary the said colony 
sloop Tartar, with the stores and appurtenances thereunto be- 
longing, taking a receipt for the same ; which is to be lodged? 
with an inventory of the stores and appurtenances, as aforesaid 
in the secretary's office. 

And that Messrs. John Tillinghast and Joseph Jacob be a 
committee to audit the above mentioned committee's accounts, 
and give them an order upon the general treasurer for the bal- 
ance that shall appear to be due to them, and make report to 
the next session of this Assembly. 

Whereas, there are sundry of the subjects of the king of 
Erance, now in His Majesty's jail, in Newport, in the county of 
Newport ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that in case they, or any 
of them, or any other of the said French king's subjects other. 
Avays confined in Newport, aforesaid, see cause to remove to 
the town of Providence, in the county of Providence, and there 
to subsist themselves, they shall be transported there, and shall 
remain within said town of Providence, till further orders from 
Ilis Honor, the Governor, or the General Assembly ; and that, 
if they, or any of them, shall bo found without the precincts of 
the said town of Providence, nr.t haA iiig liberty for the same, 
either from tBe Governor or from the General Assembly, thos< 



1744.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 93 

SO offending, shall he confined to jail, and there to remain till 
further orders. 

Voted and resolved, that when, and as often as the captain, 
or lieutenant of the colony sloop Tartar, shall refuse to take 
their respective offices when chosen, or shall die. His Honor, 
the Governor, be, and he is hereby fully empowered, in the re- 
cess of the General Assembly, to appoint others in their room. 

Whereas, the committee appointed at the last session of this 
Assembly, to prepare the draft of a petition to His Majesty, for 
a supply of cannon and military stores, did now present the 
same for the consideration of this Assembly ; — 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that the said draft be, 
and it is hereby approved of and accepted ; and that His Honor, 
the Governor, sign a fair copy thereof, and transmit it to the 
agent of this colony, by the first opportunity, in order to be 
presented to His Majesty ; and that the said agent be directed 
to solicit this affair in the best manner, so as to get an answer 
as soon as possible. 

Voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Deputy Governor, 
Messrs. Daniel Updike, John Callender and James Martin, be, 
and they are hereby appointed a committee to prepare an an- 
swer to the letter from the lords commissioners of the admiral- 
ty, in respect to the judge and other officers of the court of vice 
admiralty, in this colony, and present the same tothis Assembly, 
at their next session. 

God save the King. 

Letter from Secretary Willardto Governor Greene. 

Province of the Massacbusets Bay, 
Boston, June 5, 1744. 
Sir : — This court being apprehensive that nothing will more contribute to the 
success of the war in these parts, than that the several northern governments in 
America, shall enter into an agreement with one another, for their mutual assist- 
ance, and for carrying on the war in the most eflfectual manner ; — 

AVe have accordingly chosen and appointed five commissioners, to meet at Alba- 
ny, the 12th of this month, (where the Governor of New York has appointed to 
meet with the Six Nations,) to treat with commissioners from the other governments 
in New fjngland, and agree on such measures as may be thought equal and neces- 

* 



94 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1744. 

sary for their mutual safety and defence, and for annoying their enemies ; such 
agreement to be binding on the respective governments. 

We therefore desire Your Honor, that commissioners may be appointed by your 
government, with the same full power, to transact these important affairs, at the 
time and place, aforesaid. We pray your excuse for not giving you longer notice 
of this business. The meeting of the Six Nations of Indians at Albany, on the 
day above mentioned, gives us such an opportunity of strengthening our interest, 
which ought not to be lost, and we are but just now apprised of it. 

Your Honor's most obedient servants. 
In the name and by the order of the Great and General Court of said Province, 

JOSIAH WILLARD, Secretary. 
The llon'blc William Greene, Esii. 

God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General AssemUf/, held for the Coloni/ of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the third Tues- 
duf/ in Aiigust, 1744. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The lion. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Voted and resolved, that all the soldiers which remain at 
Block Island, and were not taken on board the colony sloop, be 
forthwith discharged. 

Voted and resolved, that the sum of £7 be allowed and paid 
out of the general treasury, to John Barker, for bringing the 
packet from Boston, with His Majesty's declaration of war 
against France. 

Voted and resolved, that the account of Messrs. Peter Maw- 
ny and Jabez Bowen, two of the field officers in the county of 
Providence, amounting to £5 15^., being the expenses at 
Providence, in the county of Providence, at the declaration of 
war against France, be allowed and paid out of the general 
treasur}^ 

God save the Jving. 



1744.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 95 



Proceedings of the General Ass ernUi/, held for the Colony of lihode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Naqmi, the third 
Tuesday in September, 1744. 

The Hon. William GreenOj Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act for ascertaining the quota of the several towns in this 

colony, to discharge the public rate. 

Whereas, the General Assembly of this colony, at their ses- 
sion, held at Newport, within and fo^r said colony, by virtue of 
a warrant from His Honor, the Governor, on the 19th day of 
June last past, among other things passed an act for levying 
or assessing a rate of £10,000, old tenor, upon the inhabitants 
of said colony ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof it 'is enacted, that the same be assessed 
upon the several towns in the colony in the proportion foUow- 
ng, viz. : 

£ s. £ s. 

Newport 1,250 00 Jamestown 162 10 

Providence 1,175 00 Smithfield 675 00 

Portsmouth 500 00 Scituate 500 00 

Warwick '. .700 00 Glocester 487 10 

Westerly 600 00 Charlestown 500 00 

New Shoreham 125 00 West Greenwich 350 00 

North Kingstown 652 10 Coventry 233 00 

South Kingstown 811 05 Exeter 432 10 

East Greenwich 440 00 Middletown 405 00 

And that the general treasurer grant out his warrant to 
the several towns for levying the same. 

jSepiemier 19th, 1744. 
In the house of deputies : 



96 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1744. 

I, the subscriber, beg leave to dissent from the above vote, in respect of the pro- 
portion of the rate to the several towns ; for that I believe some of the towns, in the 
outskirts of the government, will be rated at least three or four times as much in 
proportion to their ratable estate, as some of the frontier towns will in proportion 
of theirs, who, if any, will receive the most benefit thereby. 

RICHARD STEEEE. 

Whereas, the committee appointed at the last session of this 
Assembly, to prepare the draught of a letter to the Right Hon- 
orable the Lords Commissioners, for executing the office of 
Lord High Admiral of Great Britain, in answer to the com- 
plaint of Leonard Lockman, Esq., judge of the court of vice ad- 
miralty, in this colony, did now present the same for the con- 
sideration of this Assembly ; — 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that the said draught be? 
and it is hereby approved of, and accepted ; and that His 
Honor, the Governor, sign a fair copy thereof, with a duplicate ^ 
and transmit the same to the agent for this colony, by the first 
opportunities, in order to be by him delivered in London, to 
Thomas Corbet, Esq., secretary to the said lords commis- 
sioners. 

Voted and resolved, that the cruise of the colony 
sloop, be, and it is hereby lengthened out, till the last day 
of October next ensuing ; and that His Honor, the Governor? 
inform the Honorable Governor of the colony of Connecticut 
thereof, and request of him that their colony sloop may cruise 
also till that time. 

God save the Kin 2;. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhlf/, held for ilie Colowj of JRhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the last 
Wednesdau of October, 1744. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Wliipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 



1744.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 97 

An Act for supplying the agent of this colony, in Great Brit- 
ain, with money, for defence of the privileges granted by 
charter. 

Forasmuch, as some attempts have been made against the 
privileges of this colony, as established by charter which re- 
quire the speedy application of some money for opposing the 
same ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, and by the 
authority thereof it is enacted, that the sum of £550 be remit- 
ted to the agent of the colony as soon as may be, to be applied 
and expended in the just defence of the charter privileges of 
the colony, so as need shall require. 

And for the more speedy procuring and remitting the same, 
it is enacted and ordered b}'- the authority aforesaid, that the 
sum of £900, in bills of the new tenor, be struck off upon the 
large plate, made for the last bank, and signed by the grand 
committee, and put into the general treasury, to be drawn out 
by the committee, for the remitting said sum ; which sum of 
£900, shall be sunk by stopping the proportion of the interest 
money, which is appropriated for the use of the several towns 
in this colony, arising from the bank emitted Anno 1738, and 
so much shall be burnt out of said interest money as soon as 
the same shall become due to said towns. 

And it is further ordered and enacted, that the Hon. Joseph 
Whipple, Esq., Samuel Wickham, Esq., and Jonathan Nichols, 
merchant, be the committee for drawing said money out of the 
general treasury, and purchasing bills of exchange, silver or 
gold, and for making remittance home, according to this act. 

Whereas, the committee appointed to prepare the draught 
of a letter of instructions to be sent to the agent of this colony, 
in Great Britain, for him to oppose the taking away our char- 
ter privileges, did present the same for the consideration of this 
Assembly ; — 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that the said draught be, 
and it is hereby accepted and approved of, and that three fair 
copies thereof, be signed by His Honor, the Governor, and sent 
VOL. V. 13 



98 EECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1744. 

in three different vessels, to tlie said agent, as soon as may 
be. 

Whereas, CoL John Cranston, (as captain of Fort George,) 
did present to this General Assembly, an account of £1,314 
1^., for making an addition to the new battery, and making 
carriages at said fort, and repairing the platforms there ; and 
also one other account, amounting to £1,277 155. Scl, for the 
wages of the gunner and twenty-nine other men, with their al- 
lowance of board, from the 1st day of May, A. D. 1744, to the 1st 
day of November, A. D. 1744, craving an allowance of said ac- 
counts ; — 

Whereupon, Messrs. George Brown, Jeremiah Lippitt and 
Benoni Hall, were appointed a committee to examine said ac- 
counts, and make report to this Assembly thereon ; "who ac- 
cordingly reported — 

That they had examined the several vouchers relating to the account for the 
work done at said fort, and found due the said sum of £1,314 Is. ; and that tliey al- 
so found due for the wages and weekly allowance of the gunner, and other soldiers, 
the sum of £1,277 15s. Sd. 

Whereupon, it is voted and resolved, that the aforementioned 
two sums, amounting to £2,591 IGs. Scl, be allowed and paid 
to the said Col. John Cranston, by John Gardner, Esq., com- 
missary of this colony, for full satisfaction of the several persons 
concerned in the aforesaid accounts. 

.Voted and resolved, that all the soldiers at Fort George be 
immediately dismissed, excepting eight, who are still to be con- 
tinued there, in order to guard the same. 

Voted and resolved, that Joseph Wanton, John Mason, iillen 
Brown, Joseph Randall, son of William, and Gideon Manches- 
ter, all of Providence, in the county of Providence, be admitted 
freemen of this colony. 

Voted and resolved, that Amos Sprague and Thomas Cruff, 
Jr., of Smithfield, in the county of Providence, be admitted 
freemen of this colony. 

God save the Kins. 



1744.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 99 



Proceedings of the General Assemhlt/ held for the Colon)/ of 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, on 
2Wi day of November, 1744. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

[The following Public Laws, passed during ths year 1744, are printed at length 
in the volume of laws published in 1747, unless repealed previous to that time.] 

An Act for emitting the sum of £40,000, in bills of public credit, of the new tenor 

to be let upon loan. 
An Act ordering the committee men for the several towns, to give bond for the 

faithful execution of their trust. 
An Act directing how mortgages given to the colony's trustees, shall be discharged ; 

and appointing a person with whom said mortgages shall be deposited. 
An Act to prevent the spreading of the small pox, and other contagious sickness ia 

this colony. 
An Act establishing the proceedings and trials of actions not exceeding £5. 
An Act repealing "an act for erecting a court of equity, to hear and determine al 

appeals in personal actions, from the judgments of the superior court, and for 

granting reviews in personal actions." 
An Act empowering the sheriffs of the several counties to call special courts. 
An Act to prevent weirs being made across Pettaquamscutt river. 
An Act for preventing trespasses. 
An Act for altering the time for choosing deputies, and proxing for general officers 

in the several towns in this colony. 
An Act empowering the general treasurer to appoint proper attornies to sue for 

interest money due from persons that have left the colony. 
An Act for settling the allowance of Spanish, or other prisoners of war. 
An Act for repealing part of the act passed in 1743, for preventing the counter 

feiting of bills of public credit. 
An Act for the relief of those persons who had brought appeals to the court of 

equity, and which were not determined before said court was abolished. 
An Act for putting the colony in a posture of defence, and for rendering the militia 

in the several towns thereof more useful in time of an actual invasion. 
An Act for stating the fees on actions not exceeding £5. 
An Act for repealing an act entitled " An act prohibiting inn-holders and other 

retailers, from trusting the inhabitants above twenty sliillings." 
An Act for enlarging a trooper's fine from ten to twenty shillings, for a day's non- 
appearance. 



100 KECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

An Act granting a salary to one of the committee tbat shall give bond to take care 

of the mortgages and tenth bonds, belonging to the colony. 
An Act granting additional fees to the clerks of the several courts, and the town 

clerks, for recording and copying all writings. 
An Act for putting this colony in a posture of defence, in the present war. 
An Act for fitting out the colony's sloop Tartar. 
An Act for the relief of persons of tender consciences. 
An Act for the augmentation of fees to the attorney general. 
An Act for ascertaining what estate is ratable, and for proportioning the same in 

value. 
An Act for allowing a lottery of £15,000 for building a bridge over Weybosset 

river, at Providence. 
An Act for taking off the bounty upon hemp, fJax, whale oil, codfish and whale 

bone. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhl>/ held for' the Colon>j of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the 5th 
da,f/ of Fettruary, 1744-45. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act for fitting out the colony sloop, in order to join the 
forces of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, on an expe- 
dition against Cape Breton. 

Whereas, there is an expedition began by the Province of 
the Massachusetts Bay, in order to reduce Cape Breton, and 
the assistance of this colony has been requested in said expedi- 
tion ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, and by the 
authority thereof it is enacted, that the colony sloop Tartar, be 
immediately equipped with all necessary warlike stores, by the 
commissary, and manned Avith a number of good able seamen, 
not exceeding one hundred and thirty ; and that all sorts of 
provision be put on board said sloop by the commissary, also, 
for four months, according to the allowance stated by law of this 
colony ; and after she be so equipped and manned with a number 



1745.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 101 

of volunteers, that she immediately proceed to join the forces 
raised by the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, at the place 
of rendezvous, that shall be appointed by that government ; and 
that she continue in that service, and be subject to the commo- 
dore, or council of war, of the naval forceof the aforesaid expedi- 
tion, until the 1st day of June next, if there be occasion of the 
continuing there so long ; at which time, she shall return di- 
rectly to this colony, unless the captain shall receive further 
instructions from this government. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the officers and the men belonging to said sloop, shall have and 
receive the same wages that were stated by an act of the Gen- 
eral Assembly, made and passed in June, A. D. 1744 ; and 
that they be entitled to all prizes and plunder that they shaU 
take in the said expedition, in the proportion stated in and by 
said act ; and that each man be paid one month's pay in ad- 
vance, before their sailing from this colony. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
for the defraying the charges and expenses of said expedition, 
the sum of £2,500, in bills of credit of the new tenor, be im- 
mediately struck off upon the large plate, that was made for 
the last bank ; and that the same be signed by the grand com- 
mittee, and delivered to the general treasurer, for that pur- 
pose ; and that the same be called in and sunk by a tax upon 
the inhabitants of this colony, the one-half in the year 1748; 
and the other half in the year 1749 ; which taxes shall be as. 
sessed upon the inhabitants of this colony according to the 
polls and value of their ratable estates in each town of said 
colony ; and that a captain and lieutenant be appointed for 
said sloop Tartar, and commissioned ; and that the instructions 
be given to the said captain, by His Honor, the Governor, 
agreeably to this act. 

An Act for laying an embargo on vessels bound to sea, on any 

emergent occasion. 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly, and by the authori- 
ty thereof it is enacted, that the Governor of this colony, for 



102 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

the time being, be, and he is hereby fully empowered, b}--, and 
with the advice of his council, to lay an embargo on all vessels 
in this colony, from time to time, and at all times hereafter 
when the same shall to him appear needful. 
God save the Kino-. 



Pi'ocecdinrjs of the General AssemU>/, held for the Colon?/ of Bhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at East Greemvich, on the 
first Monday in March, 1744-5. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act in addition to, and in amendment of an act made and 
passed by the General Assembly, held at Providence, (by 
virtue of His Honor, the Governor's warrant,) on Tuesday^ 
the 5th day of February, Anno Domini 1744, entitled "An 
act for the fitting out of the colony sloop, to join with the 
forces of the Massachusetts Bay, in an expedition against 
Cape Breton." 

Whereas, the reducing of the island of Cape Breton to the 
obedience of His Majesty, is of the utmost importance to all 
His Majesty's dominions, and especially to the provinces and 
colonies in New England ; and this colony being willing and 
desirous to contribute as much as in their power, in joining the 
forces of the said Province of the Massachusetts Bay, and the 
other governments concerned in the expedition against said 
place, and it being thought proper by this Assembly to make 
an addition to the forces granted in, and by said act ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, and by the 
authority of the same, that the number of one hundred and fifty 
men be enlisted as soldiers (exclusive of commissioned officers) 
in order to go in said expedition ; and that the said men be di- 



1745.] AND rKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 103 

videcl into three companies, to each of which companies, there 
shall be appointed by this government, one captain, one lieu- 
tenant, and one second lieutenant or ensign ; which officers 
shall be accordingly commissionated by His Honor, the Gov- 
ernor ; and all subaltern officers, for the said companies, shall 
be appointed by the commissioned officers, out of the men 
which they shall enlist. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the officers and soldiers which shall be enlisted as aforesaid? 
shall receive the following pay, in the old tenor, viz. : 

A captain, £18 per month. 

First lieutenant, £'12 per month. 

Second lieutenant or ensign, £8 per month. 

A sergeant, £6 8s. per month. 

A corporal, £5 12s. per month. 

Drummer, £5 125. per month. 

Each private soldier, £5 per month. 

And that one month's pay be advanced to each officer and 
soldier before they embark in said expedition. 

And as a further encouragement for them to enlist in said 
service ; — 

Be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, that each soldier 
who shall enlist in said service, shall have given him the sum of 
£6, in bills of the old tenor, as a bounty ; and also, a blanket ; 
and that the officers and soldiers shall be entitled to all the 
plunder they shall take in the said expedition ; and no officer 
shall have a greater share thereof than a private soldier ; and 
that they both, officers and soldiers, shall be discharged as soon 
as the expedition is over, and shall be exempt from all impress- 
es to any military service, for the space of two years after their 
return. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that no 
volunteer, who hath already enlisted, or shall enlist into His 
Majesty's land or sea service, in the said expedition, shall be 
liable to be arrested, or his goods or his real estate attached by 
any process or execution, whatsoever, (other than for some 



104 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

criminal matter,) for, and during the space of six months, ex- 
cept they should return from the said expedition before the ex- 
piration of that time, unless for a real debt, or other just cause 
of action, not under the sum of £100 of the old tenor; and 
before the taking out such p'^ocess, not being for a criminal 
matter, the plaintiff, or some person in his behalf, shall make 
affidavit before one or more judges of any of the courts of 
record in this colony, that to his knowledge the sum is justly 
and really due to the plaintiff from the defendant, in the action 
on which such process shall issue, or that the debt or damages 
besides the costs for which such execution shall be issued 
out, amounts to £'100; which affidavit shall be certified by 
said judge or judges upon the back of said writ or execution, 
before they are delivered to the sheriff 

And if any person shall be arrested, or their goods or real 
estate attached, contrary to the intent of this act, it shall be 
lawful for any judge or judges of such court, on complaint by 
the party himself, or by his superior officer, to examine into 
the same, by the oath of the parties or otherwise, and by a 
warrant under his hand and seal, directed to the sheriff or offi- 
cer in whose custody the said soldier or his goods or real estate 
is detained, to discharge such soldier so arrested, or such goods 
or real estate so attached, on due proof made before him, that 
such soldier was legally enlisted in said service, and arrested, 
or his goods or real estate attached contrary to this act. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the number of one hundred and thirty men, which was ordered 
in, and by the said act of Assembly, to be embarked on board 
the colony sloop going in said expedition, shall be, and they 
are hereby reduced to the number of ninety ; and that the 
commander of said sloop, and the commissary, govern themselves 
accordingly. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
Capt. Jonathan Nichols and Capt. John Tillinghast, be a com- 
mittee to hire a convenient vessel, to transport the said officers 
and soldiers in the said expedition. 



1745.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 105 

And that the commissary procure a sufficient quantity of 
provisions, stores, arms, ammunition, and all other necessaries, 
for the aforesaid number of soldiers during the said expedition, 
and that the soldiers be allowed each half a pint of rum per 
day ; and that the commissary make use of the colony's arms 
for the use of said expedition, if there be a sufficient number 
over and above what are to be made use of for the colony's 
sloop. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the sum of £2,500, in bills of credit of the new tenor, 
which was enacted and ordered to be emitted in, and by the 
said act of Assembly, for defraying the charges of equipping * 
and manning the colony sloop to go in the aforesaid expedi. 
tion, be, and it is hereby augmented to the sum of £6,250, of 
the new tenor, which sum shall be struck off and signed in 
manner as directed in, and by the said act ; and shall be ap- 
propriated for the defraying the charge and expense of both 
the land and sea forces, which are ordered to be sent in the 
said expedition ; and the same shall be called in and sunk by 
a tax on polls and ratable estates of the inhabitants of this col- 
ony, in the following manner, viz. : 

One-fourth part thereof to be levied in the year 1748 ; one- 
fourth part in the year 1749 ; one-fourth part in the year 
1750 ; and the remaining fourth part in the year 1751, which 
taxes shall be proportioned to the several towns in this colony 
according to the number of polls, and the value of the ratable 
estates in each respective town. 

An Act for encouraging soldiers to enlist to go in the intended 
expedition against the French settlements on the island of 
Cape Breton, in the pay of the Province of the Massaclm- 
setts Bay. 

Whereas, Capt. Godfrey Malbone has laid before this Assem- 
bly several letters from His Excellency, William Shirley, Esq., 
Governor of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, wherein it 
is proposed, that a regiment, consisting of five hundred men be 
speedily raised in this colony, for the aforesaid service, and to 

VOL. V. 14 



106 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [174'" 

be paid by the said Province ; and this Assembly being willing 
to give all due encouragement to a sufficient number of able 
men to enlist as volunteers in said expedition ; — 

Be it therefore enacted, that each and every soldier, which 
hath been, or shall be enlisted by the said Godfrey Malboue, as 
aforesaid, shall receive from this government the sum of forty 
shillings, old tenor, as an additional bounty to what is allowed 
by the said Province, to be paid before they depart out of this 
colony, viz. : three hundred and fifty soldiers, if so many shall en- 
list ; but if not, to as many as shall enlist, not exceeding that 
number. 

And be it further enacted, that all soldiers who have already 
enlisted, and shall enlist in said service, as aforesaid, shall be 
exempt from any process or processes in civil actions, as fully 
and in the same manner, as those who shall be enlisted for said 
expedition in the pay of this colony. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the said Godfrey Malbone be hereby fully empowered and au- 
thorized to command, lead and conduct all such soldiers so 
enlisted, from the places where they shall be enlisted, till they 
come into the Province of the Massachusetts Bay. 

Voted and resolved, that George Taylor, Esq., and Lieuten- 
ant William Smith, both of Providence, be, and they are here- 
by appointed, and fully empowered to enlist soldiers into the 
service of this government, to go in the expedition against 
Cape Breton, not exceeding the number of one hundred and 
fifty men ; and what money the said Taylor and Smith shall 
necessarily expend on said affair, shall be reimbursed to them. 

Voted and resolved, that the land forces to be raised in this 
government, to go in the expedition against Cape Breton, be 
billeted out by the several captains, under whom they enlist 
in the cheapest manner, till they embark, at the expense of the 
government. 

And that the several captains, be, and they are hereby em- 
powered to receive of the commissary, the bounty money, wa- 
ges and blankets, pursuant to the law of this colony, to distrib- 
ute amongst their respective soldiers. 



'^'745.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 107 

Whereas, the two deputies, and divers of the inhabitants of 
the town o^New Shoreham, in the county of Newport, did rep- 
resent to this General Assembly, the poor, defenceless condition 
they now labor under in this present war, and craved some as- 
sistance from the government for their better security ; — 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that twenty-one soldiers 
be sent to said New Shoreham, by the 20th day of April next 
ensuing ; seven out of each county, to be enlisted and sent 
by the colonels of each county, and there to remain (upon 
the establishment as those which were sent there last year) 
until the return of the colony sloop from the expedition against 
Cape Breton, or till further order from the General Assembly. 

Voted and resolved, that the secretary write in behalf of this 
colony, to the secretary of the Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay, that his letters of the 18th of October last past, and the 
2d of this instant March, are but just come to hand ; that we 
know of none of those rioters being within this colony ; and 
that the authority of this government has been, and will at all 
times, be ready to discountenance any persons that shall fly 
from the justice of that province, upon proper application being 
made to us ; and that if any persons be appointed to apply to 
the authority of this government for the aid thereof, in search- 
ing after any of those rioters, they shall have all due assistance. 

Voted and resolved, that in case any of the officers appointed 
to command the companies to be raised for the expedition 
against Cape Breton, should refuse or die, that His Honor, the 
Governor, be empowered and requested to appoint others in 
their room ; and that His Honor, the Governor, write to the 
Governor of Connecticut, and request that our forces be joined 
to their regiment ; and in case they refuse, that His Honor, 
the Governor, join them to one of the regiments of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay. 

Whereas, divers of the inhabitants of the town of Warwick, 
of the county of Providence, did represent to this General As- 
sembly that there is a great necessity of building a bridge in 
the highway that leads across Pawtuxet river, from that place^ 
called the Fulling Mill, through the lands of Wecocheconet and 



108 KECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

Natick, and up to the town of Scituate, said highway being the 
most public for the inhabitants of that part of tl^e country to 
pass in, both to mill and market ; and during the winter sea- 
son, either by ice or floods, the river there is rendered useless 
to pass, so that the inhabitants and other travellers, are put to 
great difficulty, and obliged to travel some miles further in bad 
weather, and therefore prayed the assistance of this General 
Assembly, in allowing them a sum out of the general treasury 
for the building of said bridge ; — 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that the sum of £60 
be allowed and paid out of the general treasury towards build- 
ing the said bridge, and the same to be drawn by Samuel 
Barton, Esq., (one of the petitioners,) when the said bridge is 
built and completed. 

Voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, write to 
the agent, and send him copies of the evidence taken in this 
house, respecting the supposed false certificate, whereby it 
is conjectured that a sum of money has been received by 
Capt. William Hopkins, of the paymaster general, for forces 
said to be enlisted on the Cuba expedition, and request of 
of him to advise with the paymaster general of the King's 
forces, thereof, and to use his endeavors that the certificate 
be sent to this government, to prosecute the offender or ofiend- 
ers concerned therein. 

God save the Kins:. 



Proceedings of the General AssemUf/ held for the Colon)/ of 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, at Ncivport, the 
oth day of April, 1745. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 



1745.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 109 



ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. Benjamin Hassard, Mr. James Arnold, 

Mr. William Ellery, Mr. Daniel Coggesliall, 

Mr. Robert Lawton, 

Mr. Peter Bours, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyndon, clerk. 

The following are admitted freemen of the colony : 

Of Newport, Joseph Ireson, Oliver Child, John Chapman, 
Fones Haszard, Josias Coggeshall, Jr., John Tanner, Benjamin 
Jeffers, Robert Robinson, John Griffith, William Torrey, John 
Rogers, Jonathan Lawton, Nathaniel Grafton, Andrew Hunter, 
Benjamin Nichols, Ebenezer Clarke, William Arnold, John 
Goddard, son of Daniel ; George Goulding, Thomas Rodman, 
Robert Prior, John Thurston, James Perrin, Southcote Lang- 
worthy, Zephaniah Pease, John Borden, John Spooner, William 
Cranston, Jr., Joseph Harrison and Gindefer Lindee. 

Of Providence, William Peirce, Samuel Chaco, John Battey, 
Jonathan Whipple, Isaiah Hawkins, Joseph Dexter, John 
Brown, Jr., Joseph Carpenter, Josiah Olney, Jr., Stephen 
Sheldon, Oliver Angel, Joseph Comstock, Samuel Winsor, Jr. 
Dean Kimble, Moses Smith, John Dunbar, Daniel Die, John 
Briggs, Jr., Nathan Peirce, Thomas Edmonds, Samuel Westcot, 
Jr., Samuel Burlingame, John Corpe, Nathan Angel, Nedebiah 
Olney and William Corpe. 

Of Portsmouth, Thomas Tripp, Richard Cornell, Clark Cor- 
nell, William Butts and Benjamin Talman. 

Of Warwick, Azziakim Pearce, John Stone, Josiah Arnold, 
son of Josiah ; Stephen Greene, Thomas Rice, son of John Rice, 
Jr. ; Rufus Barton, son of Rufus ; John Walton, Ebenezer Slo- 
cum, Pentecost Sweet, Benjamin Sweet, Adam Lockwood, 
Samuel Finney, Aaron Davis, Thomas Remington, Peter Comet, 
John Slocum, Oliver Carpenter, Benjamin Stone and Richard 
Estes. 



]]0 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

Of Westerly, Ilezekiah Collins, Ichabocl Clarke, William 
Hadsall, John Porter, Richard Bennett, Ezekiel Lewis, Daniel 
McCoon, Jr., George Drake, Oliver Chase, Gideon AVorden, 
Jonathan Potter, David Wilcox, Jonathan Burdick, John Page 
and Christopher Sugar. 

Of North Kingstown, Hutchinson Clark, Samuel Shearman, 
John Reynolds, son of Peter ; Thomas Hill, Jr., Thomas Law- 
town, Thomas Bissell and Edward Cole. 

Of South Kingstown, Caleb Gardner, Thomas Cotterell, Ben- 
edict Helme, Samuel Albro, Sanford Case, John Brown, Benja- 
min Baker, Nathan Tift, Samuel Wilson, Jeremiah Brown, 
Paul Niles, Benjamin Haszard, son of George ; and Robert 
Haszard. 

Of East Greenwich, John Dexter, Jr., Obadiah Jenckes, Col- 
onel Carpenter, David Vaughan, Daniel Vaughan, John Nichols, 
Caleb Briggs, Wm. Case, John Gardner, son of Samuel ; Wm. 
Spenser, Jr., Jas. Andrew, Wm. Carr, Benj. Briggs, Jr., SamT 
Tarbox, Thomas Fry, the 3d, Jonathan Corey, Giles Pearse, son 
of John ; and John Wall. 

Of Smithfield, Enoch Barns, Joseph Morey, son of Daniel ; 
Abraham Smith, Jr., Elish Morey, Richard Sayles, Jr., Joseph 
Smith, son of Joseph, John Wilkinson, Jr.. Azariah Phillips, 
David Evans, Jr., Jonathan Bellow, Benjamin Lapham, Peter 
Bellow, Jr., and John Jenckes. 

Of Jamestown, Edward Carr, Jr. 

Of Scituate, John Howland, John Gilson, Stephen Wilbore 
John Mois, Eliza Collins, Jr., Christopher Relph, William Col- 
lins, Samuel Sprague, Daniel Tift, David Zeaw, William Blan- 
cher, Jr., Jonathan INIowry, Thomas Hudson, Jonathan Aldrich, 
Joseph Wetherecj, Joseph Slaughter, Nathan Bennett and Wm. 
Hammond. 

Of Glocester, Henry Shippey, Joseph Shippcy, Job Bartlet, 
Ptobcrt Colwel, Edward Bishop and John Chilsou. 

Of New Shoreham, William Dodge, Samuel Dodge, John 
Pain and Sanuicl Champlin. 

Of Charlcstown, Benjamin Breman, William Gorton, William 



1745.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. Ill 

Potter, Jr., Joseph Dodge, Peleg Cross, Richard Boss and Ed- 
ward James. 

Of West Greenwich, Anthony GofF, Robert Hopkins, Matu- 
ran Albro, Thos. Wilson, Sam'l Spink, John Tillinghast, Ebene- 
zer Cahoone, Abner Goflf, Thomas Joslin, Nicholas Whitford, 
son of Pascho ; John Dolliver, Joshua Gardner, William Hall, 
James Hopkins, son of Samuel ; James Hopkins, David Hop- 
kins, John Case, son of John, son of Joseph ; Henry Streight 
and Daniel Hill, Jr. 

Of Coventry, Esek Bowen, Benjamin Gorton, Joseph Colvin, 
John Letson, Robert Letson, Thomas Nichols, Caleb Colvin, 
Benjamin Andrew, Manser Cooper, Job Matthewson, James 
Gibson, Daniel Greene, Thomas Greene, Henry Greene, Nathan 
Goff, John Andrew, William Willson, Richard Herenton, Jr.^ 
John Skillion, Thomas Parker, Thomas Haven, Charles Hegin- 
bothan, Benoni Price, Benjamin Carpenter, William Phillips^ 
James Lee, John Burlingson, William Phillips, Jr., Francis 
Brayton and Joseph Weaver, Jr. 

Of Exeter, Jeremiah Wilkey, John Hall and Samuel Hall, 
Joshua Gardner, John Gardner, Jr., Peleg Tripp, Moses Shear- 
man, Joseph Potter, John Casey, Daniel Dawley, Nathaniel 
Dawley, Benjamin Bentley, Thomas Rathbone, Benjamin Pot- 
ter, James Moon, James Nichols, Samuel Baker, William Bar- 
ber, Stephen Wilcox, Thomas Lewis, Samuel Casey, Jr., and 
Samuel Mowry, Jr. 

Of Middletown, Cornelius Clarke, Daniel Gould, Jr., Walter 
Easton and Jeremiah Rogers. 



Proceedings of the General AssemU>/, held for the Colomj of Mode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neiuport, the 1st day 
of May, 1745. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 



112 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND 



L1745. 



Neioport. 
Mr. Samuel Wickham, 
Mr. Peter Bours, 
Mr. Joseph Scott, 
Capt. George Wanton, 
]\Ir. Jonathan Nichols, 
Mr. James Sheffield. 

Providence. 
Mr. William Smith, 
Mr. George Brown, 
Capt. Joseph Borden. 
Mr. Ezekiel Warner, 

Portsmouth. 
Mr. Gideon Freeborn, Jr 
Mr. Benjamin Tucker, 
Mr. Joseph Brownell, Jr, 
Mr. Adam Lawton. 

WarwicJc. 
Mr. Jeremiah Lippett, 
Mr. John Rice, Jr., 
Capt. Josiah Arnold, 
Mr. Benjamin Earle. 

Wcsterli/. 
Mr. William Hern, 
Capt. Nathaniel Lewis. 

New Shoreham. 
Capt. Robert Hull, 
Mr. John Dodge. 

North Kingstown. 
Col. Immanuel Northup, 
Mr. Thomas Allen. 



DEPUTIES. 

South Kingstoivn. 
Capt. Robert Hassard, 
Major Thomas Haszard. 

East Greenwich. 
Mr. William Spenser, 
Mr. Giles Pearse. 
Jamestoivn. 
Mr. John Paine, 
Mr. Joseph Clarke. 
Smithfield. 
Mr. John Sayles, 
Mr. Thomas Arnold, Jr. 
Scitiiate. 
., Capt. Job Randall, 

Mr. Ezekiel Hopkins. 

Glocester. 
Mr. Richard Steere. 
Mr. Walter Phetteplace. 

Charlestoivn. 
Col. Joseph Stanton, 
Mr. Joseph Hicks. 

West Greenwich. 
Mr. Jeremiah Ellis, 
Mr. Thomas Streight. 

Coventry. 
INIr. Robert Greene, 
Mr. Benjamin Nichols. 

Exeter. 
Mr. Benoni Hall, 
Mr. Job Tripp. 

Middlctown. 
Mr. Robert Nichols, 
Mr. John Taylor. 



]Mr. Peter Bours, speaker, and IMr. Josias Lyndon, clerk. 



1745.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 113 

The following officers declared elected, "were duly engaged. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Governor. 

The Hon. William Robinson, Deputy Governor. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. Benjamin Haszard, Mr. Gideon Durfey, 

Mr. Gideon Cornell, Mr. James Arnold, 

Mr. William Rhodes, Capt. William Rice, 

Capt. Jonathan Randall, Mr. Benjamin Weight, 

Mr. Daniel Howland, Mr. Jeremiah Niles, 

SECRETARY. GENERAL TREASURER. 

Mr. James Martin. Mr. John Gardner. 

ATTORNEY GENERAL. COMMISSARY. 

Mr. Daniel Updike. Mr. John Gardner. 

Voted and resolved, that Messrs. Samuel Rodman, Tedde- 
man Hull and Abel Franklin, be, and they are hereby appoint- 
ed a committee to view the pier, at Block Island, and see if the 
same be completely finished, and make report to the next ses- 
sion of this Assembly. 

God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assemblf/, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neiuport, the fourth 
Tuesday in May, 1745. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Governor. 

The Hon. William Robinson, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act for raising three companies of soldiers to join the 
forces of the neighboring governments sent against the 
island of Cape Breton. 
VOL. V. 15 



114 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

Whereas, the town of Louisboiirg, on the island of Cape 
Breton, is now actually besieged by the forces sent against it, 
by the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, and the other neigh- 
boring governments, and it having been represented to this As- 
sembly, by the copy of a letter from the general of the said forces 
that a reinforcement of men is wanting ; and lest any enter- 
prise of such importance to all His Majesty's dominions, should 
be frustrated for want of some timely assistance ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, and by the 
authority of the same, that three companies of soldiers be im- 
mediately enlisted in this colony, consisting of fifty men each 
exclusive of commissioned officers, in order to join the said 
forces ; and that there be appointed to each company, one cap- 
tain, one lieutenant, and one second lieutenant or ensign ; 
which officers shall be SAvorn and commissioned by His Honor^ 
the Governor, accordingly ; and all subaltern officers shall be 
appointed by the said commissioned officers of each respec- 
tive company, out of the men which they shall enlist. 

[Here follows the mode of organization of the companies, the 
rate of pay allowed to the several officers and men, form of 
oath to be taken, etc.] 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
in case a sufficient number of volunteers cannot be enlisted, as 
aforesaid, that then it shall, and may be in the power of the 
Governor of this colony, to grant forth his warrant to impress 
so many as will make up the aforesaid number. 

Provided, that no person be impressed into said service, ex- 
cepting transient sea-faring men, and persons who have no cer- 
tain place of abode, or such as have no visible honest means of 
getting their living ; and if any person shall be impressed con- 
trary hereunto, that then the person so impressed, or any other 
person on his behalf, procuring a certificate from one or more 
assistant, justice of the peace, or warden, that he is not such a 
person as above described, and allowed to be impressed, that 
then the officer whu hath impressed oi- detained such person^ 
shall immediately discharge him. 



1745.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. Il5 

And it is further enacted, that each soldier who shall be en- 
listed, or impressed as aforesaid, shall, as soon as can be con- 
veniently sent to the town of Newport, and there be placed in 
such convenient place for their subsistence by the commissary 
a,s His Honor, the Governor, shall direct, at the charge of the' 
government. 

And it is further enacted, that Capt. Jonathan Nichols and 
Capt. George Wanton, be a committee to hire a convenient 
vessel or vessels to transport the said officers and soldiers, as 
well to the said island of Cape Breton, as back again to this 
colony ; and that the commissary procure a sufficient quantity 
of provisions, stores, arms, ammunition, and all other necessa- 
ries for the aforesaid number of soldiers, during the said expe- 
dition, allowing to each soldier the same allowance of provi- 
sions and rum as is allowed by the law of this colony to the 
men serving on board of the colony sloop ; and that the com- 
missary make use of the colony's arms for the use of the said 
expedition, if there be a sufficient number over and above 
what is necessary for the use of the men ordered to be at the 
fort ; and that each soldier shall be armed with a small arm, 
cutlass and cartouch box. 

And it is further enacted, that the aforesaid number of men 
to complete the said three companies, shall be raised and ready 
to embark within twenty days after the publication of this act. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that for 
a present supply of the treasury, for the defraying the charges 
and expense of enlisting and paying the said soldiers, and all 
other expenses relating thereto, the grand committee shall cause 
to be struck off from the great plate, the sum of £3,750, in 
bills of the new tenor ; and shall sign the same, and deliver it 
to the general treasurer ; which sum shall be appropriated for 
the uses aforesaid ; and shall be called in and sunk by a tax on 
the polls and ratable estates of the inhabitants of this colony, 
in the following manner, viz. : 

One-third part thereof, in the year 1750; one-third part, 
in the year 1751 ; and the remaining third part, in the year 
1752; which taxes shall be proportioned to the several towns 



116 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

in this colony, according to the number of polls and the value 
of ratable estates in each respective town. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the forces to be raised as aforesaid, be joined to the regiment 
of the colony of Connecticut ; and that His Honor, the Gov- 
ernor, Avrite to Lieutenant General Wolcot, and advise him 
thereof; and that His Honor, the Governor, put out proclama- 
tions in print forthwith, agreeably to this act for encouraging 
soldiers to enlist. 

Voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, be request- 
ed to give the necessary order for all prisoners of war within 
the county of Newport, to be apprehended and kept in safe 
custody. 

Voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, be re- 
quested to write to Capt. Daniel Fones, commander of the 
colony sloop Tartar, and give him instruction to continue in 
the expedition against Cape Breton, as long as the nature and 
circumstances of said expedition shall require ; unless he shall 
have instructions from the General Assembly to the contrary. 

Voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, be re- 
quested to write to the agent, and direct him, that for the 
future, when he writes to the Governor of this colony, upon the 
public affairs thereof, that he superscribe his letters to the Gov- 
ernor and Company of the colony of Rhode Island, &c. 

Whereas, Messrs. Samuel Rodman, Teddeman Hull and Abel 
Franklin, were, by the General Assembly, at their session, held 
in May last past, appointed a committee to view the pier, 
at Block Island, and see if the same was completely fin- 
ished, did now make report, that pursuant to the aforesaid vote 
of the General Assembly, they had viewed the said pier, and 
found it to be completely finished. 

Whereupon, it is voted and resolved, that said report be ac- 
cepted. 

Voted and resolved, that Benjamin Hassard, Peter Bours 
and Daniel Updike, Esq., be, and they are hereby appointed a 
committee, to take into consideration the last petition of the 
Massachusetts agent, to the Bight Honorable the Lords of the 



1745.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 117 

Committee of His Majesty's Most Honorable Privy Council, re- 
specting the controversy about the boundaries between the said 
Province of the Massachusetts and this colony; and make 
such remarks and form such instructions thereon, as they shall 
think necessary, and present the same to His Honor, the Gov- 
ernor, in order to be sent to the agent by the first opportunity, 
and lay a copy thereof, before this Assembly, at their next 
session. 

Voted and resolved, that the committee appointed to revise 
the laws of this colony, and get them printed, be, and they are 
hereby empowered and directed to get all the books bound 
with marble paper, in the same manner as that which is pre- 
sented to this Assembly, at the charge of the colony. 

Voted and resolved, that Messrs. George Wanton and Josias 
Lyndon, be, and they are hereby appointed a committee, to 
procure a draught or plan, of Fort George, and the harbor of 
Newport, in order to be sent home, for the information of the 
board of ordnance, in respect to the petition of this colony, to 
His Majesty, for a number of cannon. 

God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for ilie Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Netvport, the \Wi day of 
June, 1745. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Governor. 

The Hon. William Robinson, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act for raising marines to serve on board the ship Vigilant, 
a man-of-war, now in His Majesty's service, before the har- 
bor of Louisbourg, on the island of Cape Breton. 
Whereas, Peter Warren, Esq., commodore of His INIajesty's 
fleet at Cape Breton, has taken a large French man-of war, 
called the Vigilant, the manning of which ship with able sea- 



118 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

men, will be greatly for the service of His Majesty, and con- 
tribute much to the blocking up of Louisbourg, and reducing 
the same, which this government being informed of, and being 
ready to promote His Majesty's service in general, and to pre- 
vent the good design of the said commodore from being de- 
feated, are willing to give all due encouragement of able bodied 
sailors to enter immediately into His Majesty's service, on 
board said ship Vigilant ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly of the 
colony, aforesaid, and by the authority thereof it is enacted, 
that a number of able bodied seamen, not exceeding two hun- 
dred, be immediately enlisted into His Majesty's service, for 
manning the said ship ; and that each man who shall so enlist, 
shall be entitled to a bounty of £17, old tenor, to be paid by 
this colony ; and that all the sailors that shall be enlisted as 
aforesaid, be sent to Boston, by the 22d day of this instant 
June ; and they shall be upon their enlistment, exempted from 
all arrests and restraints in the same manner as those who en- 
list in the land service, to go to Cape Breton, are by act of As- 
sembly of this colony exempted. 

And that ]Mossrs. Ezekiel Hubbard and Seth Harvey, of said 
Newport, mariners, be, and they hereby are appointed to enlist 
seamen, in manner as aforesaid ; and that said two gentlemen 
be recommended by His Honor, the Governor of this colony, 
to the Honorable Commodore AVarren, as persons very suitable 
to serve His Majesty on board said ship. 

And that Capt. Benj. Wickham, be, and he hereby is appoint- 
ed to receive of the commissary for this colony, the bounty mon- 
ey, and to pay the same to such seamen as shall enlist themselves 
aforesaid ; and that he take the care and charge of such en- 
listed men, in behalf this colony, and conduct them to Boston 
in the best and most expeditious manner he can, in order to be 
forthwith sent to the said Commodore Warren, in the aforesaid 
service ; applying to His Excellency, Governor Shirley, for a 
certificate, that he has discharged his duty herein. 

Voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, write to 
His Excellency, William Shirley, Esq., Governor of the Prov- 



1745.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 119 

ince of the Massachusetts Bay, and inform, him what this gov- 
ernment has done, in order to raise a number of seamen for 
manning the ship Vigilant, and that he request of His Excel- 
lency a certificate that all such seamen as shall he raised in 
this colony, be entitled to the same privileges as those raised 
in the province, aforesaid -, and that he also write to the Hon. 
Commodore Warren, and inform him in the same manner, and 
request of him the same privileges. 

Voted and resolved, that no ferryman, boatman, or any other 
person, transport any seaman off from Rhode Island, for the 
space of three days from the 19th day of June instant, upon 
the penalty of £20 fine for every seaman that shall be trans- 
ported as aforesaid, (except by certificate from His Honor, the 
Governor,) to be recovered by the general treasurer ; and that 
the sheriff of the county of Newport notify every ferryman on 
the island of Rhode Island thereof, immediately. 

Voted and resolved, that no ferryman, boatmen, or any 
other person, carry or transport any seaman ofi" from the island 
of Conanicut (unless to land them at Newport) for the space 
of three days, upon the penalty of £'20, for every person that 
shall be carried or transported, as aforesaid, from said Conani- 
cut, (unless by a certificate from His Honor, the Governor,) to 
be recovered by the general treasurer ; and that the sheriif of 
the county of Newport, send a copy of this vote to each of the 
ferrymen at Conanicut. 

Voted and resolved, that the captain of Fort George, be, and 
he is hereby directed and empowered to stop all sloops, boats, 
canoes and all other vessels whatsoever, from going out of the 
harbor of Newport, until the 23d day of June instant, (Avithout 
the special license of the General Assembly,) and that he take 
the most effectual method for the same, ferry boats excepted. 

Voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, give out 
warrant immediately to impress forty seamen to man His Maj- 
esty's ship Vigilant ; and if any of those who shall be impress- 
ed, shall afterwards enlist, they shall be entitled to the bounty 
as though they were not impressed ; and that tJie whole be 
executed between this and 3 o'clock, to-morrow in the after- 



120 RECOKDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

noon ; and the officer who shall impress seamen, as aforesaid, 
is hereby empowered to confine them at the fort, or in prison^ 
as he shall think proper. 

Voted and resolved, that Capt. Benjamin Wickham, be, and 
he is hereby empowered to receive of the commissary what 
money may be sufficient to pay the expenses of carrying the 
seamen to Boston, who are, and shall be enlisted, to man the 
ship of war Vigilant. 

Voted and resolved, that the time for completing the three 
companies, (as well by impressing as enlisting,) to go in the 
expedition against Cape Breton, and getting them ready to 
embark, be lengthened out, not to exceed the 30th day of this 
instant June ; but that the same be done as much sooner as 
possible. 

Whereas, it has been represented to this General Assembly 
that Ann Franklin has printed a number of colony law books 
for herself, over and above what she was employed to print for 
the colony, without the consent of the committee, appointed to 
get the same printed ; — 

It is therefore resolved, that the said Ann Franklin, or any 
person in her behalf, do not sell any of said books within one 
y^ear from the rising of this Assembly, upon the penalty of £5 
for every book that shall be sold, as aforesaid ; to be recovered 
by the general treasurer ; and that a copy of this vote be de- 
livered to her by the secretary. 

Voted and resolved, that no ferryman, boatman, or any other 
person, carry or transport any seamen off from Rhode Island or 
Connanicut, till the 2Gth day of this instant June, at 3 o'clock, 
in the afternoon, upon the penalty of £20 fine, for every sea- 
man that shall be transported, as aforesaid ; to be recovered by 
the general treasurer, (except by a certificate from His Honor, 
the Governor.) 

And that tlic captain of Fort George, be, and he is hereby 
directed and empowered, to stop all sloops, boats, canoes and 
nil other vessels whatsoever, going out of the harbor of New- 
port, until the 20th day of tliis instant June, at 3 o'clock, in 
Die afternoon, without the special license of the Governor ; and 



1745.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 121 

that the said captaiQ of the fort take the most effectual care 
for the same, excepting ferry boats ; and that the sheriff of the 
county of Newport inform the several ferrymen of what relates 
to them in this act. 

Voted and resolved, that all the colony law books, when fin- 
ished, be lodged in the hands of the general treasurer, and by 
him to be sold for thirty shillings apiece. 

Voted and resolved, that all the soldiers who are enlisted for 
the expedition against Cape Breton, be forthwith sent to the 
fort, with their blankets, there to remain till they embark ; and 
if they can't conveniently lodge there, that they lodge on board 
the transport. 

Whereas, Benjamin Hassard, Peter Bours and Daniel Up- 
dike, Esqs., were at the last session of this Assembly, appointed 
a committee, to take into consideration the last petition of the 
Massachusetts agent, to the Right Honorable, the Lords of the 
Committee of His Majesty's Most Honorable Privy Council, re- 
specting the controversy about the boundaries between the said 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay and this colony, and make 
such remarks and form such instructions thereon, as they 
should think necessary, in order to be sent to the agent by the 
first opportunity, did now make report, and presented some re- 
marks on the petition of Christopher Kilby, Esq., the said 
Massachusetts agent, which they judged proper for His Honor, 
the Governor, to transmit to our agent, for this colony ; — 

Whereupon, it is voted and resolved, that the same be ac- 
cepted and approved of; and that a fliir draught be signed by 
His Honor, the Governor, and sent to our said agent. 

Whereas, Messrs. George Wanton and Jonathan Nichols, 
Avere appointed by the General Assembly of this colony, at 
their last session, as a committee, to hire a suitable vessel for 
transporting of the forces to be raised to go in the expedition 
against Cape Breton, did report, that they had hired of Messrs. 
AVilliam Ellery and Philip Tillinghast, both of Newport, in the 
county of Newport, merchants, a brigantine, called the Success, 
for transporting the said forces to Cape Breton, aforesaid, as by 

VOL. V. 16 



122 KECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

a charter party from said Ellery and Tillinghast, will more fully 
appear, being herewith presented ; — 

Whereupon, it is voted and resolved^ that the said report be 
accepted. 

Voted and resolved, that Messrs. Ezekiel Hubbard and Seth 
Harvey, be allowed and paid, each of them, the sum of £40 
by the commissary, for their extraordinary trouble in enlisting 
seamen, &c., for manning the ship of war A^gilant, to be em- 
ployed in the expedition against Cape Breton, to procure them 
sea stores, &c. 

Voted and resolved, that the account of Ann Franklin, 
amounting to £6 10^., for printing proclamations and extracts 
of letters for encouragement of soldiers and seamen to enlist^ 
be allowed and paid out of the general treasury. 

Whereas, James Davis, keeper of His Majesty's jail, in New- 
port, presented an account to this General Assembly, of £40 
Is. Sd., for keeping seven French prisoners of war, of which 
said account was allowed to be paid, £30 Is. lOcl, to the said 
James Davis, in full satisfaction thereof; but he afterwards, at 
the same session, setting forth, that the said prisoners were very 
sick, and not one of them able to help himself, nor walk alone, 
without assistance, required particular diet, care and attend- 
ance, which was performed faithfully, and therefore prayed to 
be allowed his whole account ; — 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that the said sum of £3 01s- 
IQd., and considering the extraordinary trouble and charge the 
said James Davis had with said prisoners, they being in such a 
low and weak condition, the further sum of £9 125. and Sd., be 
both paid to the said James Davis, out of the general treasury, 
in full satisfaction for his account. 

Whereas, George Ninegret, sachem of the Narragansett 
Indians, did represent to this General Assembly, that his late 
deceased brother, Charles Ninegret, (who was sachem of the 
said Narragansett Indians,) did, in his life time give twenty 
acres of land, as a glebe to, and for the church of England, in 
Charlestown, in said colony ; but his Siiid brother dying before 



1745.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 123 

lie had made and executed a deed for the same, the said George 
Ninegret therefore requested leave of the General Assembly, 
that he might, by a proper deed for that purpose, establish said 
twenty acres to, and for said church ; and also, to give and 
convey twenty acres more of his land, in said Charlestown, for 
the same use, in such place as shall be agreed on by himself 
and trustees ; — 

Upon consideration whereof, it is voted and enacted, that the 
said George Ninegret, be, and he is hereby allowed to pass a 
deed for the said twenty acres of land given by his said broth- 
er Charles Ninegret ; and also, for the twenty acres of land? 
that he gives himself, to, and for the use of the church in 
Charlestown, aforesaid, in such place or places as he and his 
trustees shall think proper ; and that such deed or deeds so 
given by him, as aforesaid, shall be good and valid in the law? 
for the uses therein designed, to all intents and purposes 
whatever. 

Voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, be re- 
quested, and he is hereby fully empowered to continue out his 
impress warrant for filling up the companies raised to go in the 
expedition against Cape Breton, until the transport is sailed, if 
there be occasion. 

Voted and resolved, that the master of the transport proceed 
with the forces to Nantasket, for the advantage of convoy to 
Cape Breton ; and if no convoy is there to be had soon, that 
he proceed directly from Nantasket to Cape Breton, and there 
continue till the expedition against Cape Breton is over. 

Voted and resolved, that Messrs. Peter Bours, John Calen- 
der and Daniel Updike, be, and they are hereby appointed a 
committee, to extract from the records, the several acts and 
votes passed by the General Assembly, respecting the expedi- 
tion against Cape Breton, in order to be sent to the agent ; 
and that they write a letter, to be signed by His Honor, the 
Governor, and to be sent home, with said votes, setting forth 
the reasons of this colony's conduct in respect to their not join- 
ing in the expedition sooner than they did, to be made use of 



124 RECOKDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

in the defence of this colony, if there be occasion, and present 
a copy of said letter to the next session of this Assembly. 

Voted, that Peter Bours and Josejjh Scott, Esqs., be, and 
they are hereby appointed commissioners for the taking care of 
French and Spanish prisoners that shall be brought during the 
continuance of the war, into the port of Newport, in the county 
of Newport. 

Voted, that Messrs. Henry Paget and Archibald Young, be, 
and they are hereby appointed commissioners for taking care 
of French and Spanish prisoners, that shall be brought during 
the continuance of the war, into the port of Providence, in the 
county of Providence. 

God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at JSfeivport, the third Tues- 
day in August, 1745. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Governor. 

The Hon. William Robinson, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Voted and resolved, that the captain of the colony sloop be 
directed by His Honor, the Governor, to purchase provisions, 
and other necessaries, at Louisbourg, for said sloop and compa- 
ny, at the best rate he can, and draw upon the commissary for 
paying the same ; and that he make the best dispatch he can? 
home, as soon as he can get a discharge from the Honorable 
Commodore Warren ; and that His Honor, the Governor, write 
to the said Commodore Warren, and inform him that our colony 
sloop is the only guard vessel we have for protecting the trade 
and navigation of this colony, and request him to discharge 
said sloop as soon as conveniently may be. 



1745.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 125 

And that His Honor, the Governor, also write to the captains 
of our land forces, in answer to their letter, that it is uncertain 
until the King's pleasure is known, whether they will tarry at 
Louisbourg all winter • and that if they do at the charge of 
this colony, all due care will be taken to supply them with 
provisions and other necessaries, in season. 

And that tlis Honor, the Governor, likewise give orders to 
the captain of the transport brigantine, that he come directly 
home as soon as conveniently he can, unless advice should be 
arrived at Louisbourg from His Majesty, and our land forces 
thereupon like to be discharged. 

Whereas, William Rice, Samuel Wickham and John Rice, 
Jr., Esqs., were appointed a committee at the present session 
of this Assembly, to prepare the draughts of two letters, the 
one to be sent to the Honorable General Pepperell, and the 
other to the Honorable Commodore Warren, both at Louis- 
bourg, on the island of Cape Breton, who accordingly presented 
the same ; — 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that said draughts be ac- 
cepted, and that said letters be signed by His Honor, the Gov- 
ernor, and sent as before directed. 

Voted and resolved, that the commissary pay to the soldiers 
at Cape Breton, in the service of this colony, or to their orders, 
their monthly wages, upon producing proper certificates from 
their respective captains, or commanding officers, that there is 
so much due ; and that the officers be paid in like manner. 

Voted and resolved, that the sum of £150 be allowed 
to the Hon. Gideon Wanton, Esq., Messrs. John Callender 
Samuel Wickham and Edward Scott, for revising the colony 
laws and preparing them for the press ; £30 more to the said 
John Callender, for correcting the press, and the sum of £6 
more to the said Samuel Wickham, for firewood, and the use 
of his room, the whole to be paid out of the general treasury. 

Voted and resolved, that the account of Samuel Fowler^ 
amounting to the sum of £14, being for four Aveeks' board, 
and extraordinary attendance on John Righton, who received a 
desperate wound in the service of this colony, when one of the 



126 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

sheriff's aid to impress men for the service of His Majesty's 
ship of war Vigilant, be allowetl, and paid out of the general 
treasury. 

Voted and resolved, that the account of Joseph Scott, Esq., 
sheriff of the county of Newport, amounting to £20, being for 
stopping the ferries, impressing soldiers and seamen, and ex- 
penses on his officers and press-gang, be allowed, and paid to 
the said Joseph Scott, out of the general treasury. 

Voted and resolved, that the account of William Dyre, depu- 
ty sheriff for the county of Newport, amounting to £14 IO5., 
for several journeys by him made to the sheriffs of the other 
counties, for impressing, &c., and for his time and attendance 
for impressing men in this county, be allowed, and paid to the 
said William Dyre, out of the general treasury. 

Voted and resolved, that the account of Job Bennett, Jr.? 
amounting to £11, for notifying the general council several 
times, and for assisting the sheriff in impressing soldiers and 
seamen, be allowed, and paid to the said Job Bennett, Jr., out 
of the general treasury. 

Whereas, Col. John Cranston, (as late captain of Fort 
George,) presented to the General Assembly, an account, 
amounting to £808 95., being for the wages and board of the 
gunner and eight other men, for six months, and for wood sup- 
plied them ; also, for his allowance as captain, and for his care 
and trouble in repairing the south battery, &c., at said fort, 
craving an allowance for the whole ; — 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that the said sum of 
£800 9^., be allowed, and paid to the said John Cranston, out 
of the general treasury, for himself and the other persons men- 
tioned in said account, and to be in full satisfaction of the 
same. 

God save the Kinjr. 



1745.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 127 



Proceedings of the General Assemble/, held for the Colon}/ of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivjjort, the fourth 
Tuesday/ in September, 1745. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Governor. 

The Hon. William Robinson, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act for raising recruits to fill up the three companies of 
soldiers now at Cape Breton, in the pay of this colony, and 
for continuing the said companies there, and for supplying 
them with provisions, bedding and other necessaries, until 
His Majesty shall take the place into his own hands, or till 
further orders from this government. 

Whereas, the securing the important acquisition of the for- 
tress of Louisbourg, and island of Cape Breton, w^ith its depen- 
dencies, from falling again into the possession of the French, is 
of the last consequence to His Majesty, as well as to all the 
northern colonies in America ; and it being uncertain whether 
His Majesty can take the place into his own hands, and settle 
a garrison therein, before the next spring, and lest it should 
be lost for want of a sufficient force in the mean time, to de- 
fend it against the attacks of the enemy ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, and by the 
authority thereof, that the said three companies of soldiers, 
now at the island of Cape Breton, in the pay of this colony? 
with their officers, shall remain at said place, until His Majesty 
shall take it into his own hands ; or, until they shall receive 
further orders from this government. 

And that Capt. Joshua Champlin, Lieut. Richard Smith and 
Ensign Joseph Weeden, three of the officers belonging to said 
companies, be, and they hereby are appointed enlisting officers 
to enlist a number of able bodied volunteers, not exceeding the 



128 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

number of twenty-eight, as recruits, to fill up the said compa- 
nies, which are diminished by sickness and death ; and that 
the said recruits be enlisted in the same manner, and entitled 
to the same bounty and the same pay, and all other advan- 
tages that were allowed by the law of this colony, to those who 
were originally enlisted in the said companies ; which recruits 
shall be enlisted and ready to embark for the said place by the 
20th day of October next, at furthest. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the commissary of this colony do forthwith procure a quantity 
of provisions of all sorts, sufficient for the said three companies, 
for eight months, according to the allowance stated by the law 
of this colony ; saving that instead of the full allowance of rum, 
stated by law, the said commissary shall provide one half 
thereof in rum, and the other half in molasses ; which provi- 
sions shall be upon their arrival at Louisbourg, delivered to the 
captains or commanding officers for the time being, in each of 
the said companies, to be by them distributed or given out to 
their respective companies. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the commissary provide two bolts of Osnaburg, in order to be 
used together with the tents already at said place, in making 
beds for the said companies of soldiers ; and also, one blanket 
for each soldier ; which beds and blankets, shall be returned 
and remain to the use of the colony when the said soldiers are 
discharged from the service and pay of this government. 

And for a further encouragement to render the said soL 
diers and officers easy in their duty, the commissary shall 
also provide for their use, one cask of rice, one barrel of 
sugar, a suitable quantity of hooks and lines for catching 
of fisli, and one hundred pounds weight of shot for fowling. 

And l)c it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the sum of £';5.0()() bo remitted by the commissary to the 
captains or commanding officers of the said companies for the 
time being, that is to say £1,000 to each company ; which 
remittance shall be made, the one-fourth part thereof, in bills 
of public credit, and the other three-fourth parts in coarse 



1745.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 129 

clothing, stockings, shoes, &c.. which shall be purchased at 
the cheapest wholesale price, and shall, together with the bills 
of public credit, be consigned to the respective captains or 
commanding officers, as aforesaid, and shall by them be paid 
and delivered out to their respective soldiers, towards the pay- 
ment of their wages ; and no soldier shall pay any greater or 
higher price for any clothing, which he shall receive towards 
his wages, as aforesaid, than the prime cost of the said goods, 
without any advance or charge for transportation. 

And the said captains or commanding officers, shall be ac- 
countable to the government for the said sums of money, and 
quantities of goods, which they shall respectively receive for 
the payment of their companies, as aforesaid ; and in case any 
of the said goods shall remain upon their hands unsold, at their 
return or discharge from the service of the colony, that then 
the commissary shall receive them back at the same rates they 
were delivered, and discount so much out of the sums charged 
to the said officers. 

And be it further enacted, that Messrs. George Wanton and 
Jonathan Nichols, be a committee to hire a suitable vessel for 
the transporting of the men, provisions and all other stores and 
goods mentioned in this act, to the said island of Cape Breton, 
at the charge of this government, or make use of the colony 
sloop for that purpose, if they think proper, in case she return 
timely. 

Provided, nevertheless, and it is further enacted by the au- 
thority aforesaid, that in case advice should come, that His Maj- 
esty has taken said fortress of Louisbourg, into his own hands, 
before the recruits, provisions and other necessaries mentioned 
in this act, are sent from this colony, so that they will thereby 
be rendered unnecessary, that then in such case. His Honor, 
the Governor, with the advice of the council, is hereby author- 
ized to stop the same, and discharge the said recruits ; and 
His Honor, the Governor, is hereby further directed to give in. 
structions to the master of the vessel, who shall transport the 
said men, provisions and other necessaries, to Cape Breton, 

VOL. V. 17 



130 KECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

that if, at his arrival at said place, it shall be taken into His 
Majesty's hands, as aforesaid, that then he return back Avith his 
said transport vessel, men, provisions, &c., to this colony, with- 
out delivering any of them for the uses, aforesaid. 

An Act for supplying the general treasury with money for de- 
fraying the charge of supplying the colony sloop, and the 
three companies of soldiers in the pay of this colony, at 
Cape Breton. 

Whereas, the colony sloop and the soldiers sent to the island 
of Cape Breton, in the pay of this colony, are obliged to remain 
at said place much longer than was expected, when they were 
sent, whereby the money appropriated for that service, f\ills 
greatly short of defraying the charge and expense of said ex- 
pedition, so that a further supply of the general treasury is 
become absolutely necessary for the making up of the 
deficiency ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, and by 
the authority of the same, that the sum of £5,000, in bills of 
public credit, of the new tenor, be immediately struck off upon 
the large plate, that was made for the last bank, and that the 
same be signed by the grand committee, and delivered to the 
general treasurer, for the uses abovesaid ; and that the same 
be called in and suid<: by a tax upon the inhabitants of this 
colony ; one-half thereof, in the year 1747 ; one-fourth part, in 
the year 1 748 ; and tlie remaining fourth part, in the year 
1749; which taxes shall be assessed upon the inhabitants of 
this colony, according to the polls and value of ratable estates 
in each town. 

Whereas, the General Assembly of this colony, did take into 
consideration several letters received from the Hon. Jonathan 
Law, Esq., Governor of the colony of Connecticut, respecting 
some counterfeit plates for impressing bills in imitation of the 
bills of public credit of this colony, and the persons concerned 
therein, requesting a reward, who made a discovery thereof; 
and as our bills of public credit pass in the other govern- 



1745.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 131 

merits, and they having penal laws for punishing persons 
counterfeiting the bills of this colony, in the same manner as 
for counterfeiting their own ; — 

It is therefore the opinion of this General Assembly, that 
all charges arising on prosecuting and convicting persons 
guilty of the aforesaid crimes, should be paid by the govern- 
ment where such crimes are perpetrated. 

And thereupon, it is voted and resolved, tliat Ilis Honor, the 
Governor, write to the aforesaid Governor Law, informing him 
of this result ; and that this government has frequently been 
at the expense of prosecuting offenders that have been accused 
of making and uttering bills of the neighboring governments. 

Voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, be re- 
quested to send for Messrs. Jos. Harrison and Peter Harrison, 
who have presented this Assembly with a handsome draught 
of Fort George, and the harbor of Newport, very ingeniously 
drawn, and give them the thanks of this Assembly. 

Whereas, Daniel Goddard, of Newport, in the county of 
Newport, did, by petition, set forth to this Assembly, that 
eight French prisoners of war, viz. : four men, two women and 
two children, had been boarded by him, and found in provi- 
sions, fire wood, candles and all other necessaries, for the space 
of twenty-six weeks, in all for one person ; that is to say, one 
man and his wife and two children, four weeks ; one other 
man and his wife, two weeks ; and the two other men, three 
weeks ; which amounts in the whole, to twenty-six weeks, and 
for which he humbly prayed to be allowed a just and reasona- 
ble satisfaction ; — 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that the said Daniel 
Goddard be allowed, and paid twenty-five shillings per week 
for boarding the aforesaid persons ; and that the whole being 
£*32 lO-s., be paid to the said Daniel Goddard, out of the gen- 
eral treasury. 

Voted and resolved, that the account of John Pearse, 
amounting to £30 \os. 4d., as deputy sherilf of the county 
of Providence, for the horse hire, expenses and time of himself 
and aid in impressing men for the expedition against Cape 



132 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

Breton, carrying them to Providence, and from thence bringing 
them to Newport, be allowed, and paid to the said John Pearse, 
out of the general treasury. 

Voted and resolved, that the committee appointed to build 
a bridge over Weybosset river, in Providence, in the county of 
Providence, go on and build said bridge as soon as conveniently 
may be, and as good an one as they can with the money ap- 
propriated to that use. 

Voted and resolved, that the committee that was appointed 
to procure a plan of Fort George and the harbor of Newport, 
procure another draught or plan of said fort and harbor exactly 
as the same now are, without any alterations, and present the 
same to the next session of this Assembly. 

God save the King. 

Order of the Duke of Newcastle, to the respective Governors of the 
colonies in North America. 

Whitehall, January 3d, 1744-5. 

Sir : — His Majesty having thought it necessary for the security of the colonies in 
North America, and particularly of the Province of Nova Scotia, (which has been 
already invaded by the French, and upon which there is great reason to apprehend 
that they will early in the spring, renew their attempts by the attack of Annapolis 
Royal,) to employ such a strength of ships of war, in those seas, under the command 
of Commodore Warren, as may be sufficient to protect the said province, and the 
other neighboring colonies in North America, and the trade and fishery of His 
Majesty's subjects in those parts ; and may also, as occasion shall offer, attack and 
distress the enemy in their settlements, and annoy their fishery and commerce. 

I have His Majesty's commands to signify to you his pleasure, that if Mr. Warren 
shall apply to you for assistance, either of men, provisions, or shipping, to enable 
him to proceed either to the relief and succor of Annapolis Royal, or of any other 
of His Majesty's forts or settlements, or for making any attempts on the enemy, you 
should, in all such cases, to be aiding and assisting to him in the most effectual man. 
ner : and according, as upon consultation together, shall be judged proper for car- 
rying on His Majesty's service ; and you will be ready to concert and advise with 
Mr. Warren upon all occasions that may arise, which shall have relation to the ser- 
vices on which he is employed ; and particularly you will procure and communicate 
to him the best intelligence you shall be able to obtain of the state and condition of 
the enemy's settlements, and of the ships in their harbors, that he may be enabled 
to judge whether it may be practicable and advisable to make an attempt upon any 
of their ports. HOLLES NEWCASTLE. 

To the Governor of the colony of Rhode Island. 



1745.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 133 



[The following letters chiefly relate to the expedition against Louisbui-g and Cape 
Breton, and other events growing out of the war with France.] 

Governor Shirley of Massachusetts to Governor Greene. 

Boston, 28th March, 1745. 
Sir : — I am informed that your government have agreed to raise one hundred and 
fifty men for the expedition against Cape Breton, and to send your colony sloop in the 
same service ; and as the government of Connecticut will have their forces ready 
early in the next month, and are solicitous for their getting safe to Cape Breton, I 
cannot but think it will be for the convenience of both governments, if you could join 
your forces, and proceed together upon this voyage ; and in case any thing should 
hinder your raising the forces proposed, yet I hope you will think it necessary for 
His Majesty's service, to send your colony sloop for the safeguard of the troops from 
Connecticut. I am, sir, Your Honor's most humble and obedient servant, 

W. SHIRLEY. 

P. S. Sir : — I hope, if you can't otherwise man your sloop, you will not scruple, 
upon this extraordinary occasion, to impress seamen, as this government has done ; 
and if it should happen that the one hundred and fifty land forces are not raised, 
pursuant to the vote of your Assembly, Your Honor will at least make up the com- 
plement of your colony sloop, one hundred and thirty men, as at first voted. 

Hon'ble William Greene, Esq., or in his absence, 
the Hon'ble Joseph Whipple, Esq. 

Governor Clinton, of Neio YorJc, to Governor Greene. 

New York, 15th April, 1745. 

Sir : — I have just received an authentic account from the West Indies, of the ar- 
rival of the Chevalier de Cailus, at Martinique, with seven sail of ships of war ; 
two ef seventy-four guns, two of sixty-four, two of fifty-six, and a frigate of thirty- 
six guns, with upwards of twenty sail of transports, and thirty-six hundred troops, 
with an intent to make an attack on some of the British islands there ; and as I find 
the intelligence of the expedition now carrying on against Cape Breton, is generally 
spread in these parts, it is very probable that the French commander will not be 
long without the accourt, which I apprehend may divert the thoughts of his original 
intentions to come to the defence of that place ; and in case the English forces 
should be defeated, it highly behoves all the governments upon this continent to 
consider well what may be the consequences of such an event. 

I have therefore thought it necessary to give you this information, that you 
may be upon your guard, and in readiness not only to defend yourselves, but to 
assist your neighbors with your utmost force, both by sea and land, in case of 
need. I am, sir, your very humble servant, 

GEO. CLINTON. 

The Hon. William Greene, Esq. 



134 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 



Governor SliirUy to Governor Greene. 

Boston, May 3, 1745. 

Sir : — The occasion of this letter is something that has lately happened in the 
county of Bristol, which tends much to the obstruction of His Majesty's service in 
this Province. 

I gave orders to Col. Bowen and Col. Willis, to impress a number of men out of 
their respective regiments, for the defence of the frontiers of this Province ; and the 
said orders were executed accordingly ; but the greatest number of [the] men that 
(vere impressed, absconded after their impressment, which is contrary to the laws 
of this Province ; and many of them are supposed to be retired into your 
government. 

I need not take much pains to show Your Honor of what pernicious consequence 
it must be, if these men should meet with the least encouragement within your gov- 
ernment ; a few days delay may cost the lives of many innocent people on the fron- 
tiers, that now want the protection of this government ; I have enclosed a list of 
those mens' names belonging to Col. Bowen's regiment, who are supposed to be 
gotten into your colony ; and I desire that Your Honor would give effectual orders 
to your ofScers, forthwith to search for the said persons, and if any of them may be 
found, to secure them, and convey them safe into this Province, and there deliver 
them to Col. Thomas Bowen, that so they may be put into His Majesty's service 
abovementioned, or suffer the penalty of the law, in that case provided. 

I am the more earnest in this allair, because if such disobedience to the authority 
of His Majesty's government, be not discouraged, but the offenders finally escape 
from justice, these' examples will soon be multiplied ; and what detriment will arise 
to His Majesty's service, thereupon. Your Honor will easily judge. 

I am, sir, Your Honor's most obedient humble servant, 

W. SHHILEY. 

To the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Governor Slihioj to Governor Wanton. 

Boston, May IS, 1745. 

Sir :— I am obliged once more to make application to you, for the assistance of 
your government in the immediate raising of some troops for supporting the expe- 
dition against Cajje Breton ; which the general of our land forces, and the commo- 
dore of the fleet have represented to me very necessary for the reduction of the 
plai'c'. 

How fir Providence has hitherto favored us in this attempt, and what encouratre 
nient we have to proceed in it, you will find by the enclosed copy of a letter I have just 
now received, from the general of our forces ; and as I am informed it is pretended, 
to color the backwardness in some of the colonies and provinces, to join with us in 
this enterprise, that the undertaking of it witliout His Majesty's express order) 
would be so far from recommending us to his favor, that it would tend to incur his 
displeasure, I am now able to remove that objection, and to acquaint Your Honor 
that upon my letter to His Grace, the Duke of Newcastle, intbrmin;,' him of our 



1745.] 



AND PEOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 135 



resolution to undertake this affair, and how far we had proceeded therein, (which 
letters were laid before His Majesty,) His iNlajesty and his ministers were pleased 
so far to manifest their approbation of our undertaking, that, without the least loss 
of time, two ships of war were ordered to proceed directly to Louisbourg, to sup- 
port us herein ; and a? they had before, upon my more general intimation of a de- 
sign of this nature, ordered commodore Warren to come from the West Indies, and 
attend this service, who is now before Louisbourg, with five of His Majesty's ships 
of war ; and will, in a few days, be joined with two other of His Majesty's ships ; 
one of sixty, and the other of forty guns, which are already sailed from hence, upon 
that service ; and I am fully assured that His Majesty has the success of this expedi- 
tion much at heart. 

And now, sir, as this Province has (in conjunction with the Province of New 
Hampshire, and the colony of Connecticut,) at an immense charge, undertaken this 
important expedition, and so far proceeded therein, under the favorable aspects of 
Divine Providence, and the gracious approbation and assistance of His Majesty, I 
must desire that your government would maturely consider how great a benefit the 
acquisition of this place will be to the future safety and tranquillity of all these 
northern colonies ; and how justly His Majesty may resent a refusal of any of 'em 
to join in the common cause, and how much such government may hereafter regret 
their unseasonable frugality, if by denying at this crisis to contribute their just 
quota for the carrying on and support of this expedition, which is now brought so 
near to an happy event, they should prove the means of its fatal miscarriage. 

This representation of the state of our case, my duty to His Majesty obliges me 
to make ; and I must earnestly press your government to give it a full considera- 
tion, and send me a speedy answer, as to their resolutions thereupon. 

I am, sir, Your Honor's humble obedient servant, 

W. SHUILEY. 

The Hon'ble Gideon Wanton. 

Governor SUrlcij to Governor Wanton. 

Boston, June 5, 1745. 
Sir : — I have herewith enclosed two proclamations, which I have just now issued 
on occasion of the expedition against (Jape Breton, with an extract of my letter 
from Commodore Warren, and a vote of the General Court here, for encouraging 
the enlistment of seamen for manning the ship Vigilant, prize, by which you will 
know what want there is, both of soldiers and seamen, for this service. 

As to the first, I have already written fully to Your Honor thereon ; and you 
will likewise know what encouragement this government has offered for both. I am 
persuaded your colony can furnish a good number of seamen, and must therefore 
desire that you would use your best endeavors for providing as many as can be had 
in your colony, and that as soon as may be. 

1 am, sir, Your Honor's obedient humble servant, 

W. SHIRLEY. 
To the Hon'ble Governor Wanton. 

Li the House of Representatives, June 1, 1745. 
Voted, that His Excellency, the Captain General, be desired, as soon\is may be, 
to cause to be impressed such seamen as are foreigners, belonging to all invvard 



136 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

bound vessels, (coasting and provision vessels coming from the northward of South 
Carolina, on the continent, excepted,) in order for manning the Vigilant, a ship of 
•war, lately taken by the Hon'ble Commodore Warren, from the French ; and that 
there be allowed and paid out of the public treasury, the sum of £3, to every other 
able bodied man that shall voluntarily enlist himself in His Majesty's service, for 
the manning the said ship, the Vigilant, to make up in the whole, with those im- 
pressed, the number of three hundred men. 

Governor Shirley to Governor V/aiiton. 

Boston, June 6, 1745. 

Sir : — Notwithstanding I have but five days ago applied to you for the assistance 
of your government in manning the Vigilant prize, for His Majesty's service, at 
Cape Breton, I find it necessary to trouble you with a second letter upon that af- 
fair ; for although the General Assembly of this Province has granted a bounty of 
£3, in bills of the new tenor, to each volunteer that shall enlist; and I have besides 
issued my warrants for impressing seamen for this service, I find my endeavors will 
be to little purpose, whilst all mariners subject to be impressed here into His Maj- 
esty's service, fly to Rhode Island to avoid it, (as indeed has been long the prac- 
tice,) and are there sheltered and encouraged, where (I am credibly informed,) 
there are at this time many hundreds of foreign seamen daily walking the streets of 
Newport, whilst scarce one is to be found in Boston ; from whence I am assured in 
particular, that upwards of twenty have secretly fled towards your colony from my 
impress warrants, within these last two or three days. 

This being the case, sir, I think it necessary to inform you of it ; and as I have 
the honor of receiving (among other instructions from His Majesty, upon this oc- 
casion,) his express commands to supply Commodore AVarren with what men and 
shipping he shall want for the protection of His Majesty's subjects in his northern 
colonies, and the annoyance of his enemies, and their settlements in these parts ; 
and i\lr. AVarren has applied to me to furnish him with seamen, to man the Vigilant, 
for His Majesty's service, at Cape Breton, I hope you will excuse me if I repeat 
my application to your government for that purjiose ; and that particularly at so 
critical a conjuncture for His Majesty's service, and the general interest of all his 
northern colonies, (in which your own has a very considerable share,) as the present 
emergency plainly is, you will exert yourselves in the most effectual manner, for 
furnishing Mr. Warren with seamen, which, I am satisfied, it is in the power of 
your government to do, either by offering the same bounty to volunteers as this 
government has done, or by impressing; and that you will not permit your colony 
to be an assylum to all mariners coming into New England, for screening them- 
selves from His JMajesty's service ; especially, when Mr. Warren has offered all 
volunteers the advantageous terms of entering into pay from the time of their en- 
listment ; and being discharged, il they desire it, at the end of the expedition, or 
his sooner return to Boston ; which makes their declining to serve their king and 
country, upon this occasion, wholly inexcusable. 

1 am, sir. Your Honor's obedient humble servant, 

W. SHIRLEY. 

To the Hon'ble Gideon Wanton, Esq. 



1745.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 137 

Commodore Sir Peter Warren to Governor Wanton. 

Superbe, in Loiiisbourg Harbor, the 24th June, 1 745. 
Sir :— 

I have now the pleasure to acquaint you, that we are in quiet possession of the town 
and garrison of Louisbourg, and the territories thereunto belonging; and that it is 
my duty, pursuant to the orders I have received, to apply to you, and the different 
governors upon the continent, for such provision and men as I may want; and I 
never had more occasion for your assistance than at present, in order to keep pos- 
session of a garrison that is a key to all the French settlements upon the continent, 
and of which possession every colony will feel the good effect ; therefore hope you 
will send with all speed, your quota of men, armed and victualed for at least seven 
or eight months, to remain here for the support of this garrison, till His Majesty's 
pleasure is known ; till which time I shall continue here. 

You will please to advertise, all His Majesty's subjects that are willing to come to 
this port, to trade with the garrison and inhabitants, shall have free liberty, without 
any duty or imposition, whatsoever ; and that none of fheir people shall be molested 
or impressed into His Majesty's ships of service ; and there are several prizes here, 
which will be condemned and disposed of, and many more will no doubt fall in 
daily, by our cruisers. 

I make this application to all your neighboring governors, and have begged them 
to recommend the consideration of this my request, to their different legislatures, 
who can't in any manner, give greater proofs of their loyalty to His Majesty, their 
love to their country, and their care of posterity, than by assisting me with the 
means of keeping possession till His Majesty can make provision for it of a garrison 
and a colony, that in its consequence will be the means of extirpating so dangerous 
an enemy as the French are, out of the continent ; and of uniting such nations of 
Indians to us, and to one another, as will greatly increase our fur and fish trade ; 
and secure us, and our posterity, in the quiet possession of our civil and religious 
rites. I am, sir, your most obedient and humble servant, P. WARREN. 

To the Governor or Commander-in-chief of Rhode Island. 

Governor Shirleij to Governor Wanton. 

Boston, June 24, 1745. 
Sir : — The siege of Louisbourg having quite exhausted all our magazines of pow- 
der, except a necessary store for Castle William, and it being uncertain what fur- 
ther demand of powder there may be, for His Majesty's service at that place, and 
when any further supplies of it may be brought in here ; I must desire Your Honor 
to lay an embargo upon all the powder now lying in your stores or magazines, (as 
I have done for several months past, in this Province,) so as to secure it for some 
time for the service of the present expedition against Cape Breton, at the market 
price, in case it should be wanted. 

I am, sir. Your Honor's most obedient humble servant, 

W. SHIRLEY. 
To His Honor, Governor Wanton. 
VOL. V. 18 



138 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 



Governor Shirk)/ to Governor Wanton. 

Boston, July 3d, 1745. 
Sir: — I have now the pleasure to send Your Honor, by express, the news of the 
reduction of" Louisbourg to the obedience of His Majesty, and the surrrender of 
it accordingly. But to maintain our conquest there, which is of the utmost impor- 
tance, will require the assistance of all His Majesty's colonies and provinces in 
North America, for furnishing men, ammunitions and provisions, for garrisoning 
and provisioning the place till His Majesty shall order troops from Great Britain, or 
Otherwise signify his pleasure in this affair ; and I apprehend this to be the most 
critical juncture for securing it from the attempts of the enemy to recover it; for 
it cannot be doubted but that the French king will soon send a strong force, both of 
ships and troops to reduce it before we can be well secured in the possession of it ; 
and you may reasonably judge that this Province is already drained of men, provi- 
sions and ammunitions. 

However, we are still so heartily engaged in this service, that we have lately sent 
four hundred troops, who I suppose arrived at Louisbourg since the surrender of it, 
besides upwards of sixty seamen for manning of His Majesty's ship Vigilant ; and have 
about two hundred soldiers more embarked, and ready to embark, whom I shall get 
away with all possible despatch ; and I cannot but hope Your Honor and the Gen- 
eral Assembly of Rhode Island, will, in duty to His Majesty, and in regard to the 
common interest of all his subjects in North America, make provision for the rais- 
ing of a number of soldiers immediately for this service, and have them transported 
without delay ; and likewise give orders for the taking up and purchasing all the 
gunpowder and provisions that can be got for the garrison at Louisbourg, and the 
ships employed there ; of both which they are in want, as the general and commo- 
dore inform me ; as also provisions for the French prisoners to be sent home to 
France ; and as this will require a vast quantity, (of provisions especially,) it is my 
opinion that no provisions ought to be allowed to be shipped off from the plantations 
where they are raised, to the West Indies, or any foreign parts whatsoever, till this 
want be supplied. 

It will also be requisite that all the gunpowder that can be found in your colony 
except what may be absolutely necessary for your own defence, should be secured 
for His Majesty's service. 

And I should think if Your Honor will employ some merchants in your place for 
the purchasing of the powder, who will be able to find it out better than your own 
officers, it will be the most likely of being furnished with a good quantity of it, of 
which this Province is almost entirely exhausted ; having sent off for the expedition 
against Louisbourg about twelve hundred barrels; and I hope that you will con- 
sider that both the garrison and ships will want a considerable supply. 

I am, sir, Your Honor's most obedient humble servant, 

W. SllIRLF.Y. 
To the lion. Gideon Wanton, Esq. 

Capt. Wickliam arrived here some days ago, with seventy-four sailors, raised in 
your colony, by your government, for the Vigilant ; sixty-one of whom, are em- 
barked on board the Snow , Capt. Griffith ; and I hope you will procure the 



1745.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 139 

whole two hundred voted by your Assembly ; and some more landsmen, if possible ; 
for there is certainly great danger of Louisbourg's being instantly snatched from us, 
or at least attempted to be so, before His Majesty shall garrison it, and the fortifica- 
tions be repaired. 

And I must particularly press Your Honour to procure all the powder you possi- 
bly can for this service, the want of which must prove fatal to us, notwithstand- 
ing our strong naval force. ^\r, g. 

Sir Peter Warren to Governor Wanton. 

Louisbourg, July 25, 1745. 
Sir : — I have the pleasure to tell you, that two of my squadron have taken a rich 
East India ship, and that we proposed to sell her cargo here, if the merchants will 
come from the colony to purchase it. 

Herewith I enclose you an advertisement, which I desire you will get printed, 
and distributed about your government, in order to the people's being here in time, 
as the season is now far advanced. 

I am in daily expectation of the provisions and men, that I wrote to you for, for 
the protection of this important garrison. 

I am, with great regard, sir, 

Your most obdient humble servant, 

P. WARREN. 
Honorable Gideon Wanton, Esq., Governor of Rhode Island. 

Governor Wanton to Commodore Sir Peter Warren. 

Newport, August 23, 1745. 

Sir : — Since my last to you, I have had the opportunity of laying before the Gen- 
eral Assembly of this colony, your letters, with a copy of His Majesty's orders, sig- 
nified by His Grace, the Duke of Newcastle, to the respective Governors of the 
colonies in North America, to assist you with men, provisions and shipping, for the 
relief of any of His Majesty's settlements, or for making any attempts upon those of 
the enemy. 

And I am directed by them, to assure you, that none of His Majesty's subjects more 
sincerely rejoice at the glorious success of His Majesty's arms in the reduction of a 
place of such vast importance to his obedience, than this colony ; and that none of 
His Majesty's provinces or colonies, will be more ready than this to give you their 
utmost assistance in making any attempts against His Majesty's enemies, or in the 
securing and defending this most important acquisition ; but as this colony is very 
small, and by its situation very much exposed to the attacks of the enemy by sea, 
and great numbers of our men employed on board our privateers to distress the 
enemy in their trade and navigation, and as they have already been at a very great 
expense in keeping their only vessel of war at Cape Breton, ever since the begin- 
ning of this expedition, and in sending and victualling three companies of soldiers 
to assist in defending Louisbourg ; and also in allowing a large bounty to a number 
of seamen to enlist and serve in the squadron of His Majesty's ships under your 
command; they hope these will be looked upon as their full quota, and as sufficient 
demonstrations of their duty and loyalty to His Majesty. 



140 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

1 am, sir, farther directed to assure you, that if His Majesty's service should re- 
quire our three companies of soldiers to remain in garrison at Louisbourg, all winter, 
in the pay of this colony, that all due care will be taken by the government to send 
them, in season, provisions, and all other necessaries, for their subsistence. 

The General Assembly thank you for the favor and respect you have shown to 
Capt. Fones, the commander of our colony's sloop Tartar ; and they hope you'll be 
so good as to discharge her as soon as the nature of His Majesty's service will admit 
of it, she being the only vessel of war that we have for the protection of the trade 
and navigation of this colony. 

Your known generosity leaves us no room to doubt but that you will do justice to 
this colony, in letting His Majesty know what assistance we have given in this ex- 
pedition ; and we the rather request this favor of j'ou, sir, because we have reason 
to believe that some of our neighbors have no great inclination to represent our 
conduct in the best light. 

We heartily congratulate you, sir, upon the success of His Majesty's ships under 
your command, in taking so many rich and valuable prizes. May zeal and fidelity 
in His Majesty's service be always thus rewarded, and may success attend you in 
all your attempts, until your name become a terror to a haughty and insolent 
enemy. 

I heartily wish you health, and am, with best regards, 

in behalf of the General Assembljs sir, yours, GIDEON WANTON. 

To the Honorable Commodore Warren. 

P. S. Sir : — As the General Assembly have ordered the brigantine, which 
transported our soldiers to Louisbourg, to return home immediately, unless any di- 
rections should be come from His Majesty to dismiss our soldiers in a short time, 
they have directed me to desire you'd be pleased to give her a pass to depart. 



Cajil. Fones to Governor Wanton. 

Sloop Tartar, in Louisbourg harbor, July 18, 1745. 

Honored Sir : — I heartily congratulate you on your accession to the gov- 
ernment. 

Your letter per Capt. Champlain, I received yesterday, (but you forgot 
to date it,) Avherein you inform me that you would have me wait the commo- 
dore's pleasure ; he will by no means give me my dismission, and I am entirely out 
of stores of every kind ; and am obliged to take up provisions for present subsist- 
ence here, and draw home, which will be very expensive. 

I wrote home several times, which I hope were delivered safe, but received no 
letter from l''our Honor before yesterday ; I arrived here the evening before last» 
from the Bay of Vert, and have the pleasure of walking Louisbourg streets, which is 
the strongest place I ever saw ; for news, it is impossible to give you an account, in 
a letter, but refer you to the prints ; my people are all alive, and most of them'well. 
I am, honored sir, your humble servant, to command, 

DANIEL FONES. 

To the Hon. Gideon \Vanton. 

P. S. The forces from Rhode Island arrived safe, the day before yesterday. 



1745.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 141 



General Sir Wm. Pepperell, to Governor Wanton. 

Sir: — 1 received your favor of 29th June, per Capt. Mumford, and take tlils op- 
portunity, per Capt. Griffith, to congratulate you and the gentlemen of Rhode Is- 
land colony upon the happy success of His Majesty's arms, in the reduction of this 
place and territories adjacent, to his obedience ; the account of which, I am sensible 
has reached you some time since, and am persuaded was received with that pleasure 
which must fill the breast of all His Majesty's loyal subjects, and of every well 
wisher to the prosperity of the colonies, upon the acquisition of so strong a fortress 
and of so much consequence to trade and security of all His Majesty's subjects in 
North America ; the good eflFects of which, I trust, will be as lasting as extensive. 

The three companies raised in your colony for our assistance, with commission 
from you, (whose advancement to the chair of government I beg leave to con<Tratu- 
late you on,) arrived here last week, and you may be assured shall have my favor 
and countenance in every thing in my power. 

I have transmitted to the Duke of Newcastle an account of our success, and the 
present condition of this place, and am persuaded speedy measures will be taken for 
the support and defence of it ; but till His Majesty's pleasure is known, it will be ab- 
solutely necessary to keej) a large body of troops here ; and as many of those who 
first came, have been detained beyond what they expected, they will be impatient 
to return to their families, which will render a supply of fresh troops necessary, as 
it is something doubtful whether any can be sent from Europe this year. 

A great stock of provisions and warlike stores to be laid in here, before the fall 
advances too far, is also of necessity. I think there ought to be at least twelve or 
fifteen months' provisions, for three or four thousand men ; and I flatter myself that 
those governments who have been ready to join their assistance for the reduction of 
this place, will not be backward in affording their aid in what may be necessary for 
keeping it from ever fiilling into the hands of the French again. 

I have nothing remarkable to communicate to you, moi-e than you will be made 
acquainted with by way of Boston ; except the taking a ship off this harbor, two 
days since, which proved a very rich East Indiaman ; and am. 

Sir, your most humble servant, W. P. 

Louisbourg, July 25th, 1845. 

Sir : — The above is copy of my last ; since which, have nothing remarkable to 
inform you of, but the capture of another Indiaman, and a vastly rich South Sea- 
man. I hope your government will not omit to do their proportionable part for the 
maintenance of this garrison, until His Majesty's pleasure is known. 

I am, sir, your most humble servant, 

August 13th, 1745. WM. PEPPERELL. 

The Hon'ble Governor Wanton, &c., &c., &c. 

Cajit. Fones, to Governor Wanton. 

Sloop Tartar, in Louisbourg harbor, July 30th, 1745. 
Honored Sir : — Since my last, we have had the good fortune of taking two India 
merchant ships ; I had the pleasure of seeing them both taken ; I have buried three 
of my people, and have several others sick. 



142 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

As you have ordered me to wait the commodore's pleasure, I am obliged to buy 
provisions at an extravagant rate ; and am this day stripping my rigging, -which 
proves very defective ; so that you must think my bills on the government will be 
many and great ; and when we shall be released, I know not ; lor the commodore 
likes the sloop so well, that he will by no means part with her, unless Your Honor 
sends express orders to the contrary. 

For my own part, I wait your and the commodore's orders with the greatest of 
pleasure, And am, honored sir, your most humble servant, 

danip:l fones. 

To the Hon. Gideon Wanton. 



Governor Phijjps io Governor Wanton. 

Boston, August 14, 1745. 

Sir : — At the desire of His Majesty's council of this Province, I am now to ac- 
quaint Your Honor with the present state of the garrison at Louisbourg, (as it is 
represented by a letter from Lieut. General Pepperell, directed to Governor Shir- 
jey, dated the 6th instant, this day received,) which garrison consists principally of 
the inhabitants of this Province. 

In the proclamation issued by His Excellency, Governor Shirley, to encourage 
the raising of levies for this expedition, the men that should enlist were promised 
to be discharged at the end of the expedition ; the greatest part of the soldiers, as 
well as oflicers, are substantial men, and many of them masters of families ; and a 
considerable number were drawn olF from the frontiers, where their families are 
every day liable to be murdered by the Indians. These circumstances, as well as 
the extreme toils and labors of the siege, the ill state of their health, consequent 
thereupon, and the wearing out of their apparel in this service, gives a general dis- 
content to the soldiers, upon the prospects of a longer detention therein. 

And as this Province is exhausted of men, provisions, clothing, ammunition and 
other things, necessary for the support of the garrifeon, at Louisbourg, if His Majes- 
ty's other provinces and colonies will not do something more than they have done, 
for the maintaining of this conquest, we apprehend great danger that the place will 
fall into the enemy's hands again ; for it is not to be doubted but that the French 
will make a vigorous attempt for regaining it. 

I must therefore pray Your Honor to make a full representation of the state of 
{his affair, and how ill it must be resented by His Majesty, if after this Province 
(with the assistance of Connecticut and New Hampshire,) has been at the charge 
of above £200,000 for the reducing this place, besides the great loss and damage by 
taking off so many of the substantial inhabitants of this Province from their busi- 
ness, and the general stagnation of trade here, occasioned by this expedition ; I say^ 
if after this place has been gained at so vast an expense, and so unspeakable a loss 
in other respects, to this Province, the other provinces (saving Connecticut and 
New Hampshire, as abovementioned,) should apprehend they have done their duty, 
by being at the charge of a few thousand pounds; and if this place should be 
finally recovered by the French, for want of a sufCcient strength to defend it, the 
blame must lie upon those colonies that refuse to bear their part in the charge and 
dangers of this important enterprise. 

Your Honor having from the beginning manifested so hearty a disposition to 



1745.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 14^ 



promote tliis great affair, leaves us no room to doubt but you -will do every tliino- in 
your power to bring your Assembly into such measures as are necessary for the 
preservation of Louisbourg to His Majesty ; and more especially, for raising of re- 
cruits for the garrison there, and taking up provisions and ammunition necessary 
for their supply. 

By the express boat now arrived from Louisbourg, we have certain intelligence 
that besides the first Indiaman taken by Commodore Warren's squadron, (of which 
we were advised the last week,) they have taken another Indiaman, richly laden 
and a South Seaman, with £400,000 in money, besides a valuable cargo of mer" 
chandise ; all which were taken in sight of the garrison ; so that it is judged that 
the value of the captures made on that coast, by His Majesty's ships, is near 
£1,000,000, (if not more), which it is probable would never have fallen into our 
hands if this expedition had not been attempted. 

I am, sir, Your Honor's most obedient humble servant. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Esq. PHIPPS. 

Sir William Pejjperell to Governor Wanton. 

Sir : — I received with pleasure, your letter congratulatory, in the name of your 
colony, upon the success of His Majesty's arms and my command here ; and as you 
express the full sense your colony has of the consequences of this acquisition to the 
trade and security of the plantations, &c., and your readiness to support the troopg 
lately sent here by your government, if His Majesty shall judge it necessary, I take 
this opportunity to say to you, that it's uncertain when His Majesty's pleasure will 
be known ; but it's my opinion that the continuance of your troops here, and your 
support of them till that time, will be acceptable to the King, and that therefore 
you make the speediest provision for them during the approaching winter, of provi. 
sions of various kinds, of good bedding and serviceable and warm clothing, fit for 
soldiers, in the most inclement climate. 

There is a deficiency of twenty-eight men in the companies you sent, occasioned 
as per the enclosed note, a memorandum given me in, per Capt. Smith. I hope you 
will not fail to supply that vacancy as soon as possible ; and especially since there is 
a squadron of French men-of-war on or near this coast, who may make some sudden 
and bold push, to our disadvantage, if the garrison be not well manned ; or should 
they return, and not attempt it this fall, we may the more reasonably expect the 
strongest efforts of that kind the next spring, even before recruits may arrive here 
from New England. I am, with great regard, honorable sir. 

Your most humble servant, 

Louisbourg, Sept. 13th, 1745. WM. PEPPERELL. 

The man [who] deserted out of Capt. Champling's company, is one Joseph 
Story, whom I hope you will secure, and send here ; otherwise, it may be a great 
encouragement for others to desert. 

I am this day informed, that one John Wood, who deserted from Boston, out of 
Capt. Chaplin's company, and sent here by Capt. Thomas Burden, never was 
landed here, but carried off by said Burden. I hope you will call him to account 
for this, otherwise, this place may be lost by such vile actions. W. P. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Esq. 



144 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1745. 



Admiral Warren to Governor Wanton. 

Louisbourg, September 13, 1745. 

Sir: — I have the honor of your favor of the 23d August, informing me of your 
having laid before the Assembly of your colony, my letters, with the copy of His 
Majesty's order, by His Grace, the Duke of Newcastle, to the respective governors 
of the colonies in North America, to assist me with men, provisions and shipping 
for the relief of any of His Majesty's settlements, or for making any attempts upon 
those of the enemy's. 

Human prudence could not have formed a more advantageous expedition, for the 
f^ood of the British colonies in particular, nor for our country's interest in general) 
than this ; the great merit of which, I must in justice attribute to the indefatigable 
pains taken by Governor Shirley, who concerted and carried this great design 
into a thorough and most successful execution, with the assistance of a very few of 
the colonies, and a squadron ot His Majesty's ships, which must be by latest pos- 
terity thought of with the highest gratitude and honor, of those who contrived, as- 
sisted and executed so glorious an expedition ; upon the success of which, the ease 
and happiness of us and our descendants does in a very great measure depend. 

You see, sir, I speak here, as an American, and a well wisher to the colonies ; 
and am therefore really sorry, the particular one I mean, New York, to which I am 
nearest related, has not had a greater share in this great acquisition ; for it's a mis- 
taken notion in any of the colonies, if they think they are not greatly interested, 
even the remotest of them, in the reduction and support of this conquest, which will 
quiet them all in their religious and civil rights and liberties, to latest times, against 
a designing, encroaching, and powerful enemy, and increase our trade in the fish, 
fur, and many other valuable branches, to such an advantageous degree to the colo- 
nies, and our mother country, as must ever induce them to be extremely grateful 
to those who have opened so fair a channel for the increase of wealth and power. 

I have now tired your patience with my inaccurate manner of letting you into 
the importance of this acquisition to His Majesty's dominion, which will no doubt 
be on the other hand looked upon by our enemies, as the greatest loss they could 
have sustained ; and there is, therefore, the greatest room to believe they will use 
all their efforts to regain it, and that as soon as possible ; and may be before His 
Majesty can, under the many difficulties he labors at home in, [in] a war against 
two powerful nations, and especially so late In the season, take the protection of it 
upon himself. 

It will therefore be of the highest consequence, and will greatly endear all bis 
American subjects concerned in this atfalr to His Majesty, if animated with the 
same zeal with which they gloriously undertook to reduce this conquest to his obe- 
dience, they support it till his royal pleasure shall be known ; when, I make no 
doubt, the heavy expense that has attended (he colonics upon this occasion, will, to 
a sliUling, be reimbursed. These arc all circumstances, that in my weak ap- 
prehension, are worthy of your, and your legislature's most serious attention. 

As to the number of your troops, that you imagine will be necessary, as your 
quota for the support of this garrison, I beg leave to refer that to Governor Shirley? 
as the better judge, who informs me he will write to you on that head. 

I hope you will dn me the honor to return my hearty thanks to your Assembly for 



1745.] 



AND PKOVIDENGE PLANTATIONS. 145 



their kind expressions, and good opinion of me, and assure tliem nothin-r shall be 
wanting that may ever be within the compass of my power, or poor capacity for 
their service, and that of the colonies in general, but in particular those most con- 
cerned in the reduction of this strong fortress, which must plainly convince His 
Majesty, and all the people of Great Britain, of their love and loyalty. 

That you and your legislature may ever act consistently with the general interest 
of our mother country, and that of your own, and all her colonies, which I look 
upon as inseparable, is the sincerest wish of, Hon'ble Sir, 

Your most obedient humble servant. 

To the Hon. Gideon Wanton, Esq. p. WARREN. 

As I expect to leave these seas ere long, you'll please to address for the return of 
Capt. Fones, and on any future service, to the commanding officer of this garrison- 
Its greatest danger, I apprehend, will be from the latter end of February, till May or 
June ; and to be sure till that time, or till succors arrive from England, the colonies 
should not keep less than four or five thousand men to support it. 

I am yours, as before, P. WARREN. 

Governor Wanton, to the Agent of Rhode Island, in London. 

Newport, on Rhode Island, Xber 20th, 1746. 

Sir: — The conduct of this colony relating to the Cape Breton expedition, having 
been, as your letters advise, very unjustly misrepresented at home, with a view to 
prejudice the ministry against us, the General Assembly have directed that a true 
account thereof should be transmitted to you, which we doubt not, will enable you 
fully to vindicate our colony, which hath always distinguished itself by joining with 
readiness and zeal in all expeditions ordered by the crown. 

The reduction of Louisbourg, we always thought would be of very great impor- 
tance, as well to the trade and commerce of Great Britain, as of the northern plan- 
tations, and thei-efbre expected and hoped it would be undertaken at home in the 
course of the war ; but we judged the attempt to reduce that prodigiously strong town, 
regularly fortified, and furnished with a garrison of regular forces, to be much too 
hazardous, as well as too expensive for New England, as not having one officer of 
experience, or even an engineer ; and the people being entirely ignorant in the art 
of encamping and besieging towns, and were therefore greatly surprised at hearing 
that the Province of the Massachusetts had voted to make said attempt. 

At first, while it was supposed that Governor Shirley had secret instructions to 
raise men, and an assurance of a sufficient addition of sea and land forces from 
Great Britain, our people were zealous in the affair ; but when it was known that 
he had no orders at all, not so much as a discretionary power to stop some of His 
Majesty's ships then at Boston, a thing of the last importance to the blocking up the 
harbor of Louisbourg, no assurance that the ministry would approve of the under- 
taking, or make any provision to support it, or that the state of affairs in Europe 
would permit the sending such a force from Great Britain, as seemed necessary, to 
render the expedition successful, surely, 'tis no wonder that our zeal abated, and 
that we were not very forward to precipitate an attempt, in which a failure must 
needs have been of fatal consequence, as it would have exposed the weakness of the 
northern plantations, and disabled them from assisting, if the crown should thmk fit to 
order such au expedition ; that the Massachusetts themselves were very doubtful of 

VOL. V. 10 



146 RECOUDS OF THE COLONY OF KHODE ISLAND [1745. 

success, cannot be denied, for the undertaking of the expedition was carried but by 
one single voice, in their house of representatives. 

When they first applied to us for assistance, the colony had anticipated all their 
funds, to defray the charge of the fatal expedition against Carthagcna ; the tax for put- 
tin"- the colony in a posture of defence, was unpaid, the people burthened with the 
expense of defending our charter privileges and carrying on the suitaboutour boun- 
daries, and the bill depending in Parliament about paper currency of such a nature, 
as made it hazardous to emit at this juncture any large sums : and also the colony 
was then drained of men to an uncommon degree ; of two hundred and fifty sent 
away in the West India expedition, not twenty had returned ; we had lost many in 
our privateers, and had eight or ten sail then cruising ; so that it was not practicable 
to raise such a number as was desired ; besides, we had not the same dependence up- 
on, and expectation of advantages from the fishery as the Massachusetts and New 
Hampshire had, which undoubtedly was a main inducement to their people to list 
so cheerfully as they did. 

But notwithstanding all this, the General Assembly voted to send our colony sloop, 
well manned, permitted the Governor of Boston to endeavor to raise men in the 
pay of the Province , and voted an additional bounty of forty shillings a man to in- 
duce them to list, but to no efiect. 

On further application to us, in March last, the General Assembly voted to raise 
three companies, of fifty men each, exclusive of officers ; and offered as large pay, 
and a higher bounty than the Province of the Massachusetts had given ; but it 
being found impracticable to fill the companies in season, the then Governor, after 
we had been at a considerable expense, ordered the men that were raised, to be 
disbanded. However, our colony's sloop, mounting fourteen carriage and twelve 
swivel guns, well fitted and manned, convoyed the Connecticut forces, and provtd 
of singular service, by preventing their entire ruin from a French two-and-thirty 
gun ship ; and afterwards in the Gut of Canso, by repelling, in conjunction with 
two other cruisers, a large body of French and Indians, who were going to the re- 
lief of Loulsbourg. 

Some merchants and other inhabitants of this town, subscribed about i! 7,000 
towards the pay of a privateer, manned, and in part owned here ; but the greater 
part of said sum being still to pay, and it being probable that the whole never will 
be paid, the subscription being a private one, not countenanced by any authority, 
we lay no great stress on that particular. 

In May, we had advice that the ministry approved of the expedition, and that Com. 
modore Warren was arrived ofV Louisbourg with a squadron of His Majesty's ships. 
The General Assembly did then renew their vote to raise three companies ; and that 
it might be effectual, increased the bounty, and raised the pay to £10 per month a 
man, double of what the Massachusetts allowed theirs. But to complete said com- 
panies, [we] were notwithstanding obliged to order that men should be impressed 
into the service, as several actually were ; a thing not done by order of Assembly, 
in any other part of New England, and scarce ever practiced here before ; and on 
notice that seamen were wanted to man the ship Vigilant, voted to raise two hun- 
dred, allowing a bounty of £17 to a man. But such was the scarcity of men, that 
though the bounty was so large, and the most effectual means used, (for we had 
again, recourse to impressing, and allowed said bounty even to the impressed men.) 
that we could raise only about seventy. The good news of the surrender of Louls- 
bourg, had reached Boston before our transports sailed from thence, having lain 



1745.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 147 



there some days for convoy ; yet they proceeded [on] the voyage, and are now in 
garrison ; and we have lately sent a vessel to Louisbourg, with clothin<T and provi- 
sions sufficient tor their support, till late in the spring. 

This is the assistance we have given, which was really the utmost we were able 
to give, the colony having never exerted itself with more zeal and vigor on any oc- 
casion ; and it ought to be observed, that no other of the neighborino- trovernments, 
besides Connecticut and New Hampshire, could be induced, at the first, to give any 
assistance at all ; nor afterwards, of all of them together, to give so much and such 
effectual assistance, as this little colony cheerfully afforded, at the hazard of leaving 
our sea coast unguarded, and our navigation exposed to the enemy's privateers 
from the beginning of April to the latter end of October, during which time, our 
colony's sloop was in the service. 

We herewith enclose the several acts of Assembly,* whereby you will be ac- 
quainted with our whole proceedings in this affair ; and you may make use of them 
as you shall think necessary, to set the conduct of the colony in a true light ; we 
also send you two original letters, one from General Pepperell, the other from 
Commodore Warren, directed to the Governor, wherein you will find their ac- 
knowledgments of receiving the three companies of land forces, and the seamen for 
manning the Vigilant. The commodore particularly mentions our colony's sloop 
being serviceable ; but for full proof of the great and extraordinary assistance she 
has given, we refer you to the enclosed certificate, signed by Major General Wol- 
cot; so you have vouchers from the three principal commanding officers in the ex- 
pedition, v/hich fully and clearly prove the absolute falsehood of that aspersion cast 
on us by our enemies, viz. : that we afforded no assistance in the undertaking. 

When our conduct is truly represented, and the smallness of our colony consid- 
ered, being not a fourth part so large as Connecticut, we are persuaded all impartial 
judges must allow that we have contributed our full (juota ; but at the same time, we 
cannot but think, that if we had afforded no assistance at all, we could not therefore 
have justly been deemed disloyal, inasmuch as we had no orders from His Majesty 
relating to this expedition, those signified by the Duke of Newcastle, to assist Com- 
modore Warren, not being received till the 12th of July. 

And 'tis really surprising, that this colony, which thus generously assisted the 
Massachusetts in gaining and securing this important conquest, should not escape 
their unjust censures and aspersions, when they arc so sparing of their reflections 
on the neighboring governments, namely. New York, New Jersey and Pennsylva- 
nia, which gave them little or no assistance, though they were as much exposed to the 
privateers from Cape Breton as we, and will reap the same advantages by the re- 
duction of it. This makes it evident, that our avowed enemies, the Massachusetts, 
are for catching at every shadow of advantage, whereby they imagine they may 
prejudice us, and gain their point, concerning the boundaries ; but surely, 'tis no re- 
commendation of a cause, that it stands in need of calumny and slander for its 
support. 

As to the complaint of our harboring and countenancing deserters from His Maj- 
esty's ships, we say that the charge is absolutely false and injurious ; we challenge 
our adversaries to prove any one instance of it ; on the contrary, we have at all 
times shown the utmost respect to the captains of His Majesty's ships, when they 



* Tlie acts are printed at length iu tliese Records, or will be found in the public laws, 
for 17 17. 



148 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

have put into this port, and have been always ready to assist them in the apprehend- 
ing deserters, and furnishing them with every thing in our power, for the service 
of His Majesty. 

We agree with you, in the opinion, that when the Parliament meets, the expense 
of this expedition, or great part of it, will be paid by the nation, if authentic ac- 
counts thereof, are sent over, and proper application made ; and for that purpose^ 
herewith transmit to you the accounts of what expense this colony has been at, in 
the most complete manner we can at present ; but as our forces are not yet re- 
turned, but still remain at Louisbourg, in our pay, we cannot tell what further ex- 
])ense we shall be at. 

We make no doubt of your zeal, not only in vindicating the colony against the 
aspersions of our enemies, but also in making proper application for obtaining the 
reimbursement of what we have expended in this expedition, in the same manner 
as shall be granted to the other governments concerned therein. And if the ac. 
counts we now send, should want any further explanations or vouchf rs, we expect 
you will immediately give us notice thereof, that we may furnish you with every 
thing necessary to render them authentic. 

T am, &c., &c., GIDEON WANTON. 

To I\Ir. Eichard Partridge, merchant, in London. 

P. S. Please to observe that we have made no charge of arms or beds for our 
soMiers ; both those articles being to be returned after the service is over. We 
could not come at an absolute certainty, about the pay of our forces. You will see 
we have charged for three full companies for six months, which, though it is not 
strictly true, one of our captains, and several of the soldiers having died at Louis- 
bourg, before they had been so long in the service, and our three companies re- 
duced to two, by act of Assembly ; yet, we apprehend that the sum carried out, ia 
not too large, and that there will be, at least, so much due to our forces before they 
are dismissed. 



Admiral Sir Peter Warrm, to Governor Wanlou. 

Louisbourg, November iOtli, 1745. 

Sir:— His Grace, the Duke of Newcastle, having, by his letter of the 10th Au- 
gust, signified to me, that their Excellencies, the Lords Justices, had been pleased 
to recommend me to His Majesty, (then at Hanover), to be appointed governor of 
Louisbourg, and that I may expect my commission for that purpose, by the next 
opportunity ; therefore, as this garrison is much weakened by the return home of 
several of the New England forces, and by sickness, which is common to all towns 
that have been for any time besieged, though otherwise very healthy, as is the case 
of this, by all accounts. 

And as His Majesty has shown the highest satisfaction in the reduction of this im- 
portant garrison to his obedience, by his American subjects, in conjunction with a 
s(iuadron of his ships ; so he has manifested his royal intention to ])rolect it against 
any attempts that may be made by the French to recover it, by ordering immedi- 
ately two regiments from Giijraltar, under a strong convoy, and several ordnance 
and other store ships, from England, with all manner of necessaries proper for the 
support of the troops and garrison ; all which, may be daily expected here, if the 



1745.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 149 

season should not prevent them. In such case, 'tis probable they may winter in the 
West Indies, where those regiments may be disabled by sickness and other disasters 
and possibly not arrive so early in the spring as to prevent any attempt upon us by 
the enemy, who, I am credibly informed, are at this time in motion, at Canada, with 
a design to attack us this winter, or very early in the spring. 

Therefore, in order to frustrate all their designs, and do every thing that human 
prudence can suggest, for the security of this important acquisition, I hope, upon 
this my representation, the same laudable zeal which animated you and your le'^is- 
lature to undertake this expedition, will induce you to take all proper measures to 
preserve an acquisition of such consequence to our country in general, and all the 
colonies in particular. 

The properest method I can think of, to support it, is immediately to raise in 
your government as many men as you can, to be here [by] the beginning of March, 
at farthest, provided with a quota of provisions for their own support, for two or 
three months, lest by any means we should be shortened here. 

Any expense that you may be at upon upon this occasion, or any other, for the 
support of this garrison, I apprehend it in the power of General Pepperell and me, 
to defray, by bills ot exchange upon the government at home ; and that you may 
be the clearer in this my apprehension, I send you the paragraph of His Grace, the 
Duke of Newcastle's letter, that empowers us to draw for the expenses of this garri- 
son. Whatever terms you shall make with such men as you raise for this serviiie, 
shall be punctually observed and complied with, whether they choose to serve the 
King for any limited time in the American forces, (of whom His Majesty has it 
under his royal consideration to establish one or more regiments, for the encourage- 
ment of the officers and men that have, or shall distinguish themselves,) or return, or 
choose to stay as inhabitants, and settle here, upon such encouragement as, by His 
Majesty's instructions, I shall be hereafter be empowered to give. 

I am sorry that the terms of Governor Shirlev 's proclamation upon the first en- 
listment of the soldiers for this expedition, could not be complied with, in the sense 
in which many (I don't say with what color of reason,) have [construed] them. 
The only way to have obviated this subject of complaint would have been (as His 
Majesty could not immediately take this place under his own protection.) to have 
raised and sent a freshbody of men,to have relieved such of the troops as had an in- 
clination to return home. 

The disappointment the trading people have met with here, has given no one 
more uneasiness than myself When the government is put upon a regular footing, 
a free port opened, and a civil government established, as I imagine the case will 
be, (having recommended it in the strongest manner,) the traffic that may be car- 
ried on here, must be of very considerable advantage to the neighboring colonics. 

I take this opportunity to congratulate you, upon the happy success Governor 
Clinton, and the other commissioners have had in their negotiations with the Six 
Nations. 

Governor Shirley and I have sent some captive Indians, to consult with those of 
Nova Scotia, upon the terms of a peace which they themselves have proposed. I 
dare hope this step will have a good effect, especially as I have the assurances of 
the Duke of Newclastle, that proper presents may be expected from England, for 
those people. 

I cannot conclude without observing, that it appears to me to be of the greatest 
moment towards securing, and rendering this acquisition most extensively useful to 



150 RECOKDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

His Majesty's subjects, that the getleman with -whom the government of this garri- 
son is entrusted, should (at least during the war, or till the country is well peopled,) 
be an officer who has the command at sea, who would by that means always be sure 
of men, as well as shipping and materials requisite to annoy the enemy in their 
navigation to Canada ; and I flatter myself it is no unfortnate event for this place, 
or the colonies in general, (whose interest I have greatly at heart,) that I am (at 
this critical juncture,) appointed to act in both those stations ; though that of gov- 
ernor is so disagreeable to me, that I shall use all my endeavors to be relieved aa 
soon as possible. 

You will do me the justice to believe that my zealous attachment to the interests 
of His Majesty, and his American provinces, would alone induce me to promote, to 
the utmost of my abilities, everything I judged conducive thereto ; be pleased) 
nevertheless, to observe, that I am authorized in the fullest manner, by His Grace' 
the Duke of Newcastle's circular letter, which I formerly sent you, dated at White- 
hall, January 3d, 1 744-5, to make this application to you. 

I am, sir, your most obedient humble servant, 

P. WARREN. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Esq. 

Sir Peter Warren and Gen. Sir Wni. Pepinrell io Governor Wan- 
ton, of Bhode Island. 

Louisbourg, January 25th, 1745-G. 

Sir: — By letters from the Duke of Newcastle, of the 10th of August last, we 
were advised that His Majesty was determined forthwith to provide for the effectual 
support of this valuable acquisition ; and that, in order thereto, two regiments were 
ordered here from Gibraltar, and several vessels with stores, from England ; but 
none of them are yt t arrived here, and we apprehend it probable that the troops 
are not yet embarked ; and as it must be expected that the enemy will make the 
earliest and most vigorous efTorts possible, to regain this important fortress next 
spring, we may probably be blocked up before those troops can gain their passage 
from Gibraltar hither ; and as a mortal sickness (chiefly a fever) has for some time 
past prevailed in the garrison, and has carried off considerable numbers, and still 
continues to do so, Cthough we hope it is abating,) our duty to His Majesty re- 
(juires us to acquaint you (as the protection of this acquisition for the present, and 
till ]Mr. Warren's commission for the government, which is daily expected, arrives, 
is recommended to our joint care,) that it is absolutely necessary for His Majesty's 
service, as well as the honor and interest of the colonies, that new levies of men be 
raised there, for the support of this garrison, until a sufficient number of British 
troops shall arrive here. 

We have, by an express, who sailed the 23d instant, for England, to inform the 
ministry of the circumstances of this garrison, acquainted them that we should make 
application to you and the other governments in the colonies, for the necessary as- 
sistance herein. 

And we cannot doubt but that your loyalty and zeal for His Majesty's service, 
and the interest of your own and neighboring governments, will prompt you to use 
your utmost endeavors (as you have already shown your readiness to contribute to 
tiie security as well as conquest of this place,) that a proper quota of troops from 



1745.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 151 



your government, be accordingly sent here as early in the spring as the season will 
possibly admit of, (which may be the beginning of March,) sufficient not only to 
sustain the place against any attack of an enemy, but also to relieve the troops now 
here, who have (most of them) undergone the fatigues of the siege, as well as the 
duty of protecting the place since, and who justly expect to be relieved, and allowed 
to return home in the spring, agreeably to the terms upon which they first 
enlisted. 

If no Bi'itish troops arrive, (which may be the case,) four, or at least three thou- 
sand men, will be necessary to be raised for the defence of this place next year ; 
and as the garrison is already much weakened by the sickness and mortality among 
us, and may possibly be much more so, we must press your most speedy and vigor- 
ous endeavors to assist in reinforcing it, before the arrival of an enemy's force shall 
render it hazardous or impracticable ; as a neglect herein, may prove of the most 
fatal consequence, and justly render those, at whose door the fault shall lie, highly 
obnoxious to His Majesty's displeasure. 

You may, sir, assure such levies as shall be raised for this purpose, that they shall 
not be detained here contrary to their will, after the arrival of a British force suffi- 
cient for the security of the place ; and that they may depend upon the strictest jus- 
tice, and all the good offices in our power ; and we make no doubt but great encour" 
agement will be given to them and others to settle this island. 

We have lately had the disagreeable news of one of the store ships bound to this 
place, being cast away, and entirely lost on this island, on the 27th of December 
last. By three seamen, who were the only persons saved of twenty-four on board, 
we learn that she saded from England about the last of October, in company with 
several other ships, bound here with stores, under convoy of the Kinsale man-of- 
war, and lost company with them near the Banks of Newfoundland, about 
three weeks before their disaster ; since which we have heard of nothing of the 
others, nor any further account of the troops we had reason to expect from 
Gibraltar. We are, with great regard, sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servants. 

P. WARREN, 
WM. PEPPERELL. 

[Sir William Pepperell, was an American merchant, living in the state of Maine. 
About the year 1727, he was chosen a member of His Majesty's council, of the 
Province of Massachusetts, to which place he was annually elected until his dcath^ 
a period of thirty-two years. Possessing a vigorous frame, firm mind, and great 
coolness when in danger, he was admirably adapted for a residence in a country ex- 
posed to a ferocious enemy, and soon attained the rank of colonel. He commanded 
the expedition against Louisburg, at the time it capitulated. After this brilliant 
achievement, he went to England, where he received a first colonency, in the 
army; in 1755, the rank of Major General; and two years after that, of Lieut. 
General. He Avas also rewarded with the dignity of baronet, the thanks of the 
ministry, and a peculiar token of respect from the royal family. Portraits of Sir 
William and his wife, are preserved at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and at Sa- 
lem, Massachusetts. He died at his residence, near Portsmouth, June 6, 1759, at 
the age of sixty-three years. Sir William was succeeded by his grandson, William 
H. Sparhawk, who assumed his name, and was created a baronet. He was a loy- 
alist during the Revolution, and died in London, December 17, 181G, when the 
title became extinct. — J. R. B.] 



152 EECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 



Proceedings of the General Asscmbl/j, held for ihe Colomj of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Soidh Kimjstoimi, the 
last Wednesday/ of October, 174.5. 

The lion. Gicleou Wanton, Governor. 

The Hon. William Robinson, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act for the regulation of the soldiers that remain alive at 
Louisbourg, on the island of Cape Breton, and appointing a 
commissary for the care of the provisions, and other necessa- 
ries, for their subsistence. 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of this colony, and 
by the authority thereof it is enacted, that the soldiers remain- 
ing alive, belonging to the company lately commanded by 
Capt. Joshua Champlin, at the island of Cape Breton, be added 
to the other two companies in the service of this colony ; and 
that the officers of said company be allowed half pay till further 
orders from the General Assembly ; provided, that they stay 
there. 

And that a commissary be appointed for the forces there, in 
tlie service of this colony, who shall keep an exact account of 
what provisions he shall receive and deliver out ; and for said 
service shall be allowed £18 per month; and for the due per- 
formance of his office, shall give bond, with sureties, to the 
general treasurer, in the full value of the provisions he shall 
reccivo. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
tlio paragraph of an act passed by the General Assembly, at 
their session held on the fourth Tuesday in September last 
])ast, directing the provisions to be delivered to the captains or 
commanding officers, for the time being, of each of the afore- 
said companies, to be by them distributed and given out to the 



1745.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 153 

men belonging thereto, be repealed, and it is hereby repealed ; 
the same being the proper business of the commissary. 

And that His Honor, the Governor, write to Capt. Daniel 
Fones, commander of the colony sloop Tartar, at the island of 
Cape Breton, and order him with said sloop and company, to re- 
turn home to Newport, as soon as may be. 

Voted and resolved, that Benjamin Hassard, Esq., INIessrs 
Peter Bours, Samuel Wickhara, Robert Hassard and Edward 
Scott, be, and they are hereby appointed a committee, they, or 
the major part of them, to take into consideration the agent's 
letters now presented to this Assembly, and to furnish him with 
proper instructions relating to the matters therein contained, 
and to be signed by His Honor, the Governor, and sent home as 
soon as conveniently may be ; and a copy thereof to be laid 
before this Assembly, at their next session ; and that His 
Honor, the Governor, send home, with said instructions, such 
original letters or copies thereof, as he shall think proper. 

Voted and resolved, that the connmittee that was appointed 
to procure a plan of Fort George and the harbor of Newport, 
procure another draught or plan of said fort and harbor, ex- 
actly as the same now are, and present the same to His Honor. 
the Governor, to be signed by him and the surveyor, to be 
sent home, with the plan already drawn, in order to show the 
present circumstances of said fort and harbor, as well as 
what alteration is proposed to be made ; and that the said com- 
mittee procure a piece of plate, to the value of £75, and pre- 
sent the same to INIr. Peter Harrison, for his trouble in surveying 
and making a draught of said fort and harbor, and draw 
money out of the general treasury, to pay for the same. 

Voted and resolved, that Peter Bours, Esq., be, and he is 
hereby appointed to wait upon the Hon. Roger Wolcott, Esq.^ 
deputy governor of the colony of Connecticut, and major gen- 
eral of the forces that reduced Cape Breton, and request of him 
a certificate of what he knows respecting the conduct of this 
colony, relating to the expedition against Cape Breton, and 
more especially as to the service that our colony sloop has 
been in said expedition. 

VOL. V. 20 



154 EECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

[It appears that complaints against Rhode Island were made to the King, for the 
backwardness of the latter, in sending assistance to the expedition, against Cape 
Breton. This fact was made known to Richard Partridge, the agent of Rhode Is- 
land, in London, by Mr. Ramsden, secretary to the Lords Justices, who at once 
took measures to refute the calumny, by addressing an ofBcial note to the secretary, 
dated the 5 th month 30th, 1745, to be communicated by him to the Duke of New- 
castle. In this, he says, that " although there are disputes depending between the 
government of Rhode Island, (which is but a small colony,) and that of the great 
province of the Massachusetts; and that said colony had no orders about the said 
expedition from Great Britain, and consequently it could be no disobedience or dis- 
respect in them to the crown; yet it is notorious and apparent, that there was an 
armed sloop of war belonging to Rhode Island, at Cape Breton, with our ships, 
when that place was taken," etc. He also states, that men were sent, " that the 
merchants of Rhode Island advanced £8,000 amongst themselves, and hired a 
twenty -gun ship to be employed in that service." And in alluding to the people of 
Rhode Island, says : 

" Their loyalty and obedience to the crown heretofore, is well known ; for that 
whenever there has been any expedition ordered from Great Britain, to be exe- 
cuted in North America, the Rhode Islanders have always paid due obedience to 
the crown, and afforded their quotas ; particularly in the wars of the late Queen, in 
the expedition against Annapolis Royal, and against Canada ; and that in the sea 
war at that time, the New Englanders must confess that the privateers from this 
colony of Rhode Island, did more execution against the enemy's privateers that in- 
fested their coasts, than all the ships of the Massachusetts, or indeed of all the colo- 
nies in those parts put together." 

The agent, Mr. Partridge, under date of 5mo. 23d, 1745, communicated these 
same facts to Governor Wanton, and apprises him that he had written to the clerk 
of the council about the matter, " which he seemed to take well, and reckoned ne- 
cessary ;" and adds, " I wish thou couklst get a few lines from Capt. Warren, and 
send me a justification of the colony, to take off the edge of those assertions, which I 
believe have been spread by Agent Shelby, here ; and perhaps, too, the Boston peo- 
ple may have falsely prepossessed Capt. Warren, to make him write home as he 
did, (if he wrote any thing at all about it. ) This I looked upon as my duty, to ad- 
vertise thee of it in time, that I may receive thy answer, with a full vindication." 

Under date of Gmo. 8th, (August,) the agent again writes to Gov. AVanton, and 
reiterates what he had before stated. " The rejoicings in England," he says 
4' were great, when the news of the taking of Louisbourg was confirmed ; the 
town guns were fired, and the acquisition of Cape Breton was considered as of vast 
importance." At the same time he urged the importance of Rhode Island sending 
provisions to the forces there. The reception of these letters by Governor Wan- 
ton drew forth the resolution referred to, above, together with the following letter 
and certificate from Governor Wolcott, a major general in the Louisburg ex- 
pedition.] 



1745.] 



AND PEOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 155 



Certificate of Governor Wokoii, relative to the expedition against 

Cape Breton. 

Colony of Connecticut, Windsor ss. 

Whereas, the General Assembly of His Majesty's colony of Khode Island and 
Providence Plantations, have represented to me, the subscriber, the Deputy Gov- 
ernor of the colony of Connecticut, and major general of the land forces employed 
in the late expedition against Cape Breton, that their conduct relating to the reduc- 
tion of that place, hath been misrepresented to the British court, and therefore have 
applied to me, to declare what I know, relating to the assistance that has been o-iven 
by their colony ; and that justice may be done to that government, according to 
truth, I certify as follows, viz. : 

That the colony of Rhode Island fitted out for the expedition against Cape 
Breton, their guard sloop, the Tartar, under the command of Capt. Daniel Fones 
mounting fourteen carriage and twelve swivel guns ; furnished with needful 
warlike stores, with ninety men on board. 

That the colony of Connecticut fitted out their guard sloop, the Defence, under 
the command of Capt. John Prentice, mounting twelve carriage and twelve swivel 
guns, furnished with warlike stores, and an hundred men on board. 

That when the forces from Connecticut were near ready to embark, at New Lon- 
don, it was feared that Capt. Prentice would not be a sufficient guard for our trans- 
ports ; and thereupon, from a motion from the Governor of Connecticut, to the 
Governor of Rhode Island, Capt. Fones was sent to New London, to join Capt. 
Prentice, to convoy our forces to Cape Breton. 

That our fleet, consisting of the two guard sloops, and seven transports, having 
received on board five hundred men, sent from Connecticut, for the land service 
went on our voyage, and off the Cape Sable shore we espied a ship making towards 
us ; and not knowing what she might be, the Tartar went out to speak with her ; 
and upon exchange of some shot, she was found to be a French ship of war, of about 
thirty-four guns. Capt. Fones perceiving her to be a vessel of great superiority, 
led her off from the fleet. She proved to be a very nimble ship ; but the Tartar 
being a prime sailor, and hauling close to the wind, kept her in chase of her all 
day, and got clear of her at night ; so our fleet, without any damage from said 
French ship, arrived safe at Canso. If this ship had engaged our fleet, it is probable 
that both the guard sloops would not have been able to withstand her ; and if we 
had had no convoy but Capt. Prentice, it is likely that we should have been ruined 
by her. 

That during the siege, Capt. Fones, Capt. Becket and Capt. Donahue were sent 
to the Gut of Canso, to prevent the enemy that we expected were coming from the 
siege of Annapolis, to the relief of Louisburg ; accordingly, they met them, and re. 
pelled a great number of them ; and this, we judged, was the reason that we did 
not meet them on the island of Cape Breton. 

In testimony of the truth of all the above written, I have hereunto 
set my hand, at Windsor, in said colony of Connecticut, the 15th 
dav of November, Anno Domini 1745, ROGER WOLCOTT 



156 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1745. 

Voted and resolved, that the committee appointed to build a 
bridge over Weybosset river, at Providence, in the county of 
Providence, do not proceed on said business till further orders 
from the General Assembly. 

God save the King. 



[The following public laws, passed during the year 1745, are printed at length 
in the volume of laws published in 174 7, unless repealed previous to that time.] 

An' Act for the regulation of the sitting of the General Assembly. 

An Act for the more regular appointing of deputy sheriffs. 

An Act for regulating the service of writs in case where the sheriff and town ser- 
geant of such town where the sheriff liveth, are concerned. 

An Act for allowing thirty men at Fort George, etc. 

An Act enabling creditors to recover their just debts of such persons who have re- 
moved out of this colony, and of others, not inhabitants thereof, or who conceal 
themselves therein. 

An Act for allowing of taking depositions, and regulating the swearing to accounts 
out of court. 

An Act for impounding cattle, sheep, horses and hogs ; and for recovering damages 
done by them. 

An Act for the protection of the members of the General Assembly ; and of 
persons chosen to serve on the jury, from being arrested or sued during 
service. 

An Act appointing commissioners to take care of all prisoners of war that shall be 
brought to this colony. 

An Act for the better security of the sheriff, any of his under officers or aids, in 
impressing men for His Majesty's service. 

An Act for limiting the exportation of gunpowder for a certain time, therein 
mentioned. 

An Act allowing George Ninegret, the Indian sachem, (with the advice and con- 
sent of his trustees,) to exchange twenty acres of land in Charlestown, for the 
benefit of the Church of England, in that town. 

An Act empowering George Ninnegret, the Indian sachem, to sell a part of his 
land for the payment of his debts, and the better support of his family. 

An Act for the relief of poor and distressed debtors. 

An Act empowering the captains of the several companies of trained bands in this 
colony, to grant warrants for collecting the fines of delinquents, etc. 

An Act ordering and appointing the militia, or trained bands in this colony, to 
muster but twice a year. 

An Act directing how tenth bonds shall be given for money taken up by persons 
dying without giving any. 

An Act in addition to, and in amendment of the several acts relating to the choos- 
ing of jurymen. 

An';Act for^the regulating the mending of highways, within this colony. 

An Act for the further regulating vendues, within this colony. 

An Aunnaddition to an act, granting writs ©f review in personal actions. 



1746.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 157 

An Act in addition to an act, establishing the proceedings of actions not ex- 
ceeding £5. 

An Act empowering one of the grand committee to have the care of the colony's 
bonds and mortgages, etc. 

An Act directing the sheriffs the manner of disposing of the real estate of deceased 
persons, for the payment of their debts. 

An Act directing how the money raised for the building a bridge at Weybosset, 
in Providence, shall be disposed of, and for supporting said brido-e. 

An Act empowering the overseers of the poor, in Newport, to commit persons to 
the work house. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly held for the Colomj of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations^ at South Kingstoivn, the 
IWi dag of Fehruarg, 1745-46. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Governor. 

The Hon. William Robinson, DeiDuty Governor. 

With the assistants and dej^uties from the several towns. 

Voted and resolved, thit a fliir copy of the draught of a let- 
ter presented to this General Assembly, be made, and signed 
by His Honor, the Governor, and by him sent to His Excel- 
lency, George Clinton, Esq., Governor of the Province of New 
York, in answer to his letter for appointing commissioners to 
meet and consult about the French and Indian enemies on the 
frontiers. 

Whereas, Benjamin Hassard, Esq., Messrs. Peter Bours, 
Samuel Wickham, Robert Hassard and Edward Scott, were at 
the last session of this Assembly, appointed a committee, they^ 
or the major part of them, to take into consideration the 
agent's letters then presented to the General Assembly, and to 
furnish him with proper instructions relating to the matters 
therein contained, and to be signed by His Honor, the Gov. 
ernor, and sent home as soon as conveniently might be, did 
now report ; — 

That they had extracted from the records, copies of all the acts oi' the General 
Assembly, relating to the expedition, which they judged might be necessary, to 



158 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1746. 

prove the assistance givea by this government to said expedition ; and that they 
had likewise stated a general account of the charges this colony has been at in said 
expedition, and accounts of all the particulars contained in each article of the gen- 
eral account ; and attested by the commissary, and put under the colony seal, with 
the copies of the acts of this Assembly, and with an original letter from Gen. Pep- 
perell, and another from Admiral Warren, and a certificate from Major General 
Wolcott, with an oiiginal letter to the agent, delivered to His Honor, the Governor' 
to transmit them to the agent ; which they thought sufficient to show the zeal of 
this Toverument in the expedition, and for the agent to obtain a reimbursement of 
the money the colony has expended therein ; provided, the nation defrays the 
charges the neighboring governments have been at on this occasion, and now pre- 
sented a copy of said letter and accounts. 

Whereupon, it is voted and resolved, that the said report be 
accepted. 

Voted, that His Honor, the Governor, wi'ite to the Honorable 
Peter Warren, Esq., commander-in-chief of His Majestj^'s ships 
of war, at Louisbourg, in answer to his letter, of the 26th of 
November, A. D. 1745, respecting a quota of men for the gar- 
rison at Louisburg, aforesaid ; and also, that His Honor write 
to Messrs. William Smith and Edward Cole, the captains of the 
two companies in the pay of this colony, at Louisbourg, afore- 
said, in answer to their letter of the 29th day of said Novem.- 
ber, respecting their soldiers. 

Voted and resolved, that the committee appointed to build 
the colony house, proceed forthwith, and finish the middle room 
in the chamber, and the stair cases as soon as may be con- 
veniently. 

Voted and resolved, that the captain of Fort George, be, and 
he is hereby appointed to employ a proper person or per- 
sons and make such repairs at said fort, as are necessary at 
present. 

Voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, write to 
the Hon. Roger Wolcott, Esq., Deputy Governor of the colony of 
Connecticut, and thank him, in behalf of this colony, for the 
just service he has done the government in giving a certificate 
of what he knows relating to the assistance this colony has 
given in the expedition against Cape Breton. 

Whereas, tlie Gcncvnl Assembly, at their session, in October 
last past, appointed l^etcr Hours, Esq., to wait on the Honora- 



1746.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 159 

ble Roger Wolcott, Esq., Deputy Governor of the colony of 
I Connecticut, and major general of the forces that reduced 
! Cape Breton, and request of him a certificate of what he knows 
respecting the conduct of this colony relating to the expedi- 
tion against Cape Breton, who now reported • — 

That he had waited on the said Roger Wolcott, Esq., and obtained from him 
three certificates of the same tenor and date, of what he knows relatinj? to the 
premises, aforesaid ; one of which, he presented to this Assembly, and at the same 
time, also presented the account of his time and expenses about said afiair, amount- 
ing to the sum of £27 10s. 

Whereupon, it is voted and resolved, that the said report l)e 
accepted ; and that the said sum of £27 10^., be allowed, and 
paid to the said Peter Bours, out of the general treasury. 

Voted and resolved, that the two accounts of Col. Peter 
Mawney, amounting to £16 17s., for calling the several com- 
panies together, in the county of Providence, in the mouths of 
March and June last past, in order to enlist soldiers for the ex- 
pedition against Cape Breton, be allowed, and paid by the com- 
missary of this colony. 

Voted and resolved, that the account of Messrs. Peter Maw- 
ney, Jabez Bowen and James Arnold, field officers, in the 
county of Providence, amounting to £32 18s., for the calling 
together the companies in the county of Providence, in the 
year 1741, in order to raise recruits for the West Indies, be 
allowed, and paid out of the general treasury. 

Whereas, David Greene, of Jamestown, in the county of 
Newport, yeoman, by petition, set forth to this Assembly, that 
he hath on the east side of Jamestown, a good dwelling house 
for the accommodating travellers, and a good wharf for landing 
passengers at, and for laying a boat, which is also situated 
in a proper place for the pablic benefit of all persons going to, 
and coming from said town of Newport, from the other part of 
the government; and it being easily pei'ceived, as well as 
known by long experience, that it is a great advantage to the 
public to pass and repass easily over the ferries to, and from 
the town of Newport, and that difficulty and delay in that case 



160 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1746. 

is a general disadvautage to town and country, and not doubt, 
ing but this Honorable Assembly is of the opinion that the al. 
lowing the petitioner the liberty of setting up a ferry at said 
place for the transporting passengers (and what they carry with 
them in travelling,) to and from Newport, will be for the benefit 
and advantage of the said town of Newport, and the country 
in general ; and therefore humbly prayed, that he might have 
the liberty of setting up a ferry from said Jamestown to New- 
port, as aforesaid, upon the same terms as are stated, to com- 
mence from the 1st day of March A. D. 1746 ; and that he, in 
the meantime, will provide himself with a good and sufficient 
ferry boat for the purpose, and complete his conveniency of 
keeping his boat so as to be equal to any place in the govern- 
ment, which he apprehends the place will admit of; and that 
he is willing, and expects to be laid under the same restrictions 
as hath been usual, and is established by law ; — 

Upon consideration whereof, it is voted and enacted, that the 
said David Greene, be, and he is hereby permitted and allowed 
to set up a ferry from said Jamestown, to Newport, aforesaid 
for transportation of persons and such things as they have with 
them, upon the same terms, and under the same restrictions as 
the other ferry from said Jamestown to Newport is established, 
and to Ijegin at the expiration of Mr. Samuel Clarke's present 
lease of said other ferry. 

Whereas, the proprietors of the Long Wharf, in Newport, in the 
county of Newport, &c., by petition set forth to this Assembly, 
that they have, at a vast expense, built a wharf in said New- 
port, loading directly up to the colony house, and the market 
house, in said town, and near about the middle of the town, 
whicli wharf they apprehend is very commodious for a public 
ferry, as being most convenient both for those who come to 
said town, a])0ut public business; and also, for those who come to 
bring theh' ware to market ; and therefore prayed this Honor- 
able Assembly to grant to the said proprietors the privilege of 
keeping a ferry at said wharf, upon the same terms, and under 
the same restriction, as tlie dtlier ferries of said town are 
f!;raniod ; — 



1746.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 161 

Upon consideration whereof, be it enacted by the General 
Assembly, and by the authority thereof it is enacted, that the 
said proprietors of the Long Wharf, in Newport, be, and they 
are hereby fully permitted and allowed to set up and keep a 
ferry from said Long Wharf, in Newport, aforesaid, to James- 
town, for transporting of persons and things, upon the same 
terms and under the same restrictions as the other two ferries 
in Newport, aforesaid, are granted ; and to commence at the 
expiration of the present leases of the said other two ferries. 

God save the King. 

Letter from the DiiJce of Newcastle, to Governor Wanton. 

WhiteLall, March 14th, 1745-G. 

Sir : — His Majesty having detormined to omit nothing, that might be necessary 
'or the security, and defence of Louisbourg; and there having been great reason to 
ipprehend that an attempt might be made upon it, by the French, early in the spring, 
;he King was pleased to order two regiments to be sent thither from Gibraltar, 
ivhich it is hoped, may be arrived there, before this time. 

His Majesty has also ordered another regiment to be sent from hence, to Louis- 
Dourg ; part of which, are now going on board two sixty gun ships, that are ready 
'0 sail ; and the remainder will proceed to Louisbourg, with the convoy, that will 
^0 from hence, in about a fortnight. 

Kear Admiral Warren having desired His Majesty's leave to resign the govern- 
nent of Louisbourg, on account of the ill state of his health, His Majesty has been 
)leased to appoint Commodore Knowles to succeed him ; and I am commanded by 
lis Majesty, to recommend it to you, in the strongest manner, that, in case Mr- 
uiowles should have occasion to apply to you for assistance, for the better raain- 
enance and support of the garrison at Louisbourg, either by raising any number 
>f men, to reinforce that garrison, or in any other manner, that shall be thought 
)roper, you should use your utmost endeavors to furnish him with it. 

And as Mr. Warren will have the command of a squadron of His Majesty's ships, in 
North America, and will have received His Majesty's orders, to concert with Gov. 
Shirley, whether it may be practicable, to make an attempt upon any other of the 
Trench settlements in North America, His Majesty has commanded me to signify 
o you his pleasure, that in case it shall be judged advisable to undertake any such 
.ttempt, and, in order thereto, to raise a body of land forces in North America, 
•ou should, in that case, take proper measures for raising such a body of men, with- 
n the colony of which you are Governor, as may be practicable, to make part of 
uch force ; and to act in such manner, as shall be agreed on. 

I need say nothing to persuade you to exert your utmost endeavors in the per- 
jrmance of a service which may be of such great importance to the security of His 
^lajesty's dominions in North America ; the safety and protection of which. His 
.\Iajesty has so much at heart. 

I am, sir, you most obedient humble servant, 

To the Governor of Rhode Island. HOLLES NEWCASTLE. 

VOL. V. 21 



162 RECORDS OF TIIE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1746. 



The Duke of Newcastle, to the Governor and Company of Rhode 

Island. 

Whitehall, April 9, 174G. 

Gentlemen : — I am commanded to acquaint you, that His Majesty has been 
pleased to order five battallions of his troops, under the command of Lieutenant 
General St. Clair, to go from hence, as soon as possible, with a sufficient convoy of 
men-of-war, to Louisbourg, in order to be employed together with the regiment of 
Major General Frampton, which has been some time ordered to embark tor Louis- 
bourg, and with the two regiments sent thither from Gibraltar ; and also with such 
troops as shall be levied for that purpose, in North America, for the immediate re- 
duction of Canada. 

And I am commanded by His Majesty to signify his pleasure to you, (as I shall do to 
the other Governors of the said colonies,) that you should forthwith make the neces- 
sary dispositions for raising as many men as the shortness of the time will permit 
within your government, to be employed in conjunction with His Majesty's regular 
forces, on this important service. It is to be hoped Lieutenant General St. Clair 
will be able to sail from hence, with the troops under his command, the latter end 
of this month, or the beginning of May. 

It is the King's intention that the troops to be raised in North America, should 
consist of companies of one hundred men each ; and that the troops to be raised in 
Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, Ehode Island and Connecticut, should ren- 
dezvous at Louisbourg, as soon as possible, in order to proceed under the command 
of such officer as shall be appointed by Lieut. General St. Clair, and under convoy 
of His Majesty's fleet, to the river of St. Lawrence, and proceed up the river im- 
mediately to Quebec, with such ships of war, sloops, and other armed vessels, to be 
furnished by the provinces, as Rear Admiral Warren, who will have the command 
of the squadron to be employed in this expedition, shall appoint. 

You will theretbre use the utmost expedition in raising as many men as possible, 
within the Province of Rhode Island, and take the proper measures for their arriv- 
ing at Louisbourg, before the time Lieut. General St. Clair may be expected there* 
You will also appoint proper officers to command the men you shall be able to 
raise ; for which purpose, a number of blank commissions will be sent you by the 
next conveyance ; and you will transmit to Rear Admiral Warren, at Louisbourg 
accounts, directed to Mr. St. Clair, of what you shall have been able to do, herein. 

Y'ou will assure the troops that shall be raised, as well officers as soldiers, that 
they will immediately enter into His Majesty's pay ; the officers, from the time they 
shall engage in His Majesty's service, and the soldiers from the respective da;s on 
which they shall enlist ; and that they shall come in for a share of any booty to be 
l^aken from the enemy ; and be sent back to their respective habitations, when this 
service shall be over, unless any of them shall desire to settle elsewhere. 

As to the article of arms and clothing for the men to be raised. His Majesty has 
commanded me to recommend it to you and the other Governors, to take care 
that the solJiers may be provided with them ; and His Majesty has authorized 
and empowered Lieut. General St. Clair to make a reasonable allowance for de- 
fraying that expense. 

Y''ou will recommend it to the council and Assembly, to provide a sufficient nuui- 



1746.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 163 

ber of transports to carry the troops to be raised in Rhode Island to Louisbourg, 
and from thence, up the river of St. Lawrence, and a sufficient quantity of provi- 
sions for their subsistence ; and also to provide as many armed vessels as can be 
got, to serve in the expedition, under the command of Rear Admiral Warren. 

I am ordered by His Majesty, to recommend it to you, to make the strictest in- 
quiry for any persons that may be acquainted with the navigation of the river of 
St. Lawrence ; and if you can find any such, you will engage them at any rate, to 
serve as pilots on board His Majesty's fleet ; and you will send them as soon as 
possible, to Louisbourg, for that purpose. 

I am, sir, your most obedient humble servant, 
HOLLES NEWCASTLE. 

To the Governor and Company, of Rhode Island. 



Proceedings of the General Assemllt/, held for the Colon// of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the Qth day 
of Mai/, 1^46. 

The Plon. Gideon Wanton, Governor. 

The lion. William Robinson, Deputy Governor. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. Benjamin Haszard, Mr. James Arnold, 

Mr. Gideon Cornell, Capt. William Rice, 

Mr. William Rhodes, Mr. Ephraim Gardner, 

Mr. Daniel Howland, Mr. Jeremiah Niles. 
Mr. Gideon Durfey, 

Mr. Peter Bours, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyndon, clerk. 

The following are admitted freemen of the colony : 

Of Newport, Constant Bailey, William Heffernan, Jr., Oliver 
White, Samuel Easton, Jr., John Pont, Jared Caswell, John 
Warren, son of Joseph ; Thomas Creman, George Wanton, Jr.^ 
William Woodward, Gindifer Lindie, John Mundou, John 
Channing, John Pike, David Moore, Randall Eldred, Clark 



164 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [174G. 

Brown, Alexander Swan, William Stoddard, James NichoL. 
John Coddington, son of Nathaniel ; John Chadwick, Samuel 
Freebody, Jonathan Heath, Daniel Vaughan, Stephen Hookey, 
Jr., George Shearman, Peter Cozens, James Nixon, Gideon 
Wanton, Jr., James Hill and Patrick Grant. 

Of Providence, Henry Paget, Jeremiah Jenckes, John Maw- 
ney, James Brown, John Dexter, Jr., Edward Serle, James 
Greene, Peter Randall, Job Hawkins, Joshua Turner, Jr., Peter 
Tift, Jr., Thomas Kinnicut, William Potter, Arthur Fenner, Jr., 
Jonathan Pike, John Scott, John Scott, Jr., Thomas Olney, son 
of William ; John Tripp, Joseph Bartlett, Thomas Field, the 
3d, Thomas Whipple, Jr., William Alverson, James Hoyle, Ste- 
phen Olney, John Alverson, Elisha Arnold, PJchard Olney/ 
Christopher Brown and Jonathan Burlingame. 

Of Portsmouth, Job Almy and Daniel Howland. 

Of Warwick, John Holdon, son of Charles ; Toleration Har- 
ris, Edward Casey, Benjamin Greene, son of William ; James 
Arnold, son of James ; Benjamin Talman, Eleazcr Whipple, 
Thomas Greene, Daniel Fish, Thomas Arnold, Nathaniel Ar- 
nold, Israel Arnold, son of Elisha ; Nicholas Battey, Thomas 
Colegrove, Caleb Arnold, Samuel Remington, Samuel Whit- 
man and Samuel Basset. 

Of Westerly, Joseph Pendleton, Jr., John Hill, Ezekiel Bur- 
dick, Isaac Babcock, Joseph Hiscox, Thomas Sisson, Jr., Jere- 
miah Clarke, John McCarter, Reynolds Borden, Ebenezer Bur- 
dick, Joseph Sanders, Samuel Champlin, Card Forster, John 
Worden and James Clarke. 

Of New Shoreham, Henry Willis. 

Of North Kingstown, Benjamin Watson, Christopher Hall, 
Nicholas Northup, Jr., Josiah Northup, son of Henry ; Samuel 
Kingsley, Henry Tibbets, Joseph Jess, Joseph Havens, Job 
Gardner, Samuel Brown, Edward Gardner, John Hammond and 
Anthony Dixon. 

South Kingstown, William Congdon, son of Joseph ; Paul 
Niles, George Hassard, son of George, deceased ; Stephen Ilas- 
sard, Jr., Latham Clarke, Peter Boss, William Smith, Thomas 



1746.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 165 

Gardner, Jeremiah Wilcox, William Browning, Jr., Nicholas 
Watson, Job Reynolds, Joshua Card, Samuel Barber, Moses 
Barber, Ebenezer Tift and Samuel Whaley. 

Of East Greenwich, Joseph Edwards, Richard Weaver, Wm- 
Hamilton, Thomas Nichols, son of James ; Joseph Hookey, 
Francis Hopkins, Samuel Basset, Ebenezer Sweet, Rufus Spen- 
cer, Joseph Spencer, Henry Gardner, John Roberts, James 
Fowler, Thomas Fiy, the 3d, John Wall and Josiah Jones. 

Of Jamestown, George Franklin, Joseph Battey and John 
Remington, son of Gershom. 

Of Smithfield, Joshua Phillips, Moses Man, John Comstockj 
Jr., Cornelius Walling, Abraham Scott, Jeremiah Arnold, Jr., 
Amos Arnold. John Man, Jr., Jonathan Reed, and Winchester 
Matthewson. 

Of Scituate, Eliakini Durfey, Stephen Smith, John Scamans, 
Anthony Sprague, Jr., Samuel Smith, William Wright, Jona- 
than Pray, Jonah Hopkins. Charles Hopkins, Samuel Daley 
William Seamans, Nicholas Edwards, George Wilbore, William; 
Edwards, Henry Jones, Samuel Dickens, Goliah Williams-' 
Thomas Lea, Oliver Perkins, Thomas Ailesworth, John Senians 
Anthony Sprague, Jr., and Stephen Smith. 

Of Glocester, Zechariah Jenckes, Jeremiah Steare, Jonah 
Steere, Richard Plummer, Joseph Grover, Benjamin Comings, 
Samuel Short, Jr., Enos Grover, Nehemiah Bello, Jr., Abraham 
Smith, John Allen, Isaac Hicks and Peleg Chace. 

Of Charlestown, Samuel Irish, Jarith Mumford, David Ke- 
nian, Jr., Thomas Potter, Daniel Kenion, Enoch Kenion, 
Joseph Ilalloway, Enoch Kezion, Jr., Joseph Kenion, Jr., Rob- 
ert Austin, John Enos, Jr., John Enos, the 3d, William King, 
Isaac Stiles and John Hake. 

Of West Greenwich, Gideon Elle.s, Shebna Spink, Thomas 
Draper, Jr., Harrison Weaver, Benjamin Anderson, and William 
Reynolds. 

Of Coventry, John Wood, John Leston, Isaac Greene and 
Caleb Greene. 

Of Exeter, James Hyams, son of Benjamin ; Job Herring- 



166 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND 



[1746. 



ton, Jr., Daniel Barber, Stephen Sweet, Benjamin Lawton, Wil- 
liam Wilcox, Caleb Robins and Samuel Codner. 
Of Middletown, G eorsre LaAvton and John Weaver. 



Proceedings of the General Assenibly held for the Colon// of 
Rhode Idand and Providence Plantations, id Neivport, the 
first Wednesday/ in May, 1746. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Governor. 

The Hon. William Ptobinson, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 



Neivport. 
Mr. Samuel Wickham, 
Mr. Peter Bours, 
Mr. Thomas Cranston, 
Capt. George Wanton, 
]Mr. Jonathan Nichols, 
Mr. James Sheflield. 

Providence. 
Mr. George Brown, 
Mr. Joseph Sheldon, 
Mr. Stephen Hopkins, 
Mr. Henry Harris. 

Portsmouth. 
Mr. Benjamin Tucker, 
Mr. Jonathan Freeborn, 
]\Ir. David Anthony, 
Capt. Jeremiali Jjawtou. 

Warwick. 
M:ijor Joseph Stafford, 
Mr. Charles Holdon, 
Mr. Stephen IjOW, 
Mr. Samuel Gorton. 



DEPUTIES. 

Westerly. 
Mr. William Hern, 
Mr. Silas Greenman. 

New Shoreham. 
Capt. Edward Sands, 
Mr. Nathaniel Littlefield. 

North Kingstoim. 
Mr. George Tibbetts, 
Mr. Job Tripp. 

Soidh Kingstoim. 
Capt. Robert Hassard, 
Mr. William Potter. 

East G-reenwich. 
Mr. John Spenser, 
]\lr. Thomas Fry, Jr. 

Jamestown. 
Mr. Thomas Carr, 
Mr. John Eldred. 
Smithficld. 
Mr. Thomas Steere, 
Mr. David Comstock. 



1746.] 



AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



167 



DEPUTIES. 

Coventry. 
Mr. Robert Greene, 
Mr. Benjamin Nichols. 

Exeter. 
Mr. John Reynolds, 
Mr. Nicholas Gardner. 

Middletoivn. 
Mr. Robert Nichols, 
Mr. John Taylor. 



Scituate. 
Capt. Job Randall, 
Mr. Charles Harris. 

Glocesier. 
Mr. Richard Steere. 
Mr. Walter Phetteplace 

Charlestoivn, 
Mr. Richard Barley, 
Mr. Samuel Perry. 

West Greenwich. 
Mr. Caleb Carr, 
Mr. Thomas Streight. 



Mr. Peter Bours, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyndon, clerk. 

The following officers declared elected, were duly engaged. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Col. John Cranston, 
Mr. Abraham Redwood, 
Mr. John Comstock, 
Mr. Robert Gibbs, 
Mr. Stephen Brownell, 



Mr. Robert Jjawton, 
Mr. James Arnold, 
Mr. Philip Greene, 
Mr. Daniel Coggeshall, 
Mr. Jeoffi'cy Watson. 



SECRETARY. GENERAL TREASURER. 

Mr. James Martin. Mr. John Gardner. 

ATTORNEY GENERAL. 

Mr. Daniel Updike. 

An Act for fitting out the colony sloop Tartar, in order to 
guard this coast. 
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of this colony, and 



168 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1746. 

by the authority of the same; that the colony sloop Tartar be 
immediately fitted out with a number of men, not exceeding 
ninety, exclusive of the captain, lieutenants, master, mate, gun. 
ner, doctor and captain's clerk ; and that the commissary fur- 
nish said sloop with a sufficient quantity of warlike stores 
and provisions, according to law ; and that the captain be ac- 
countable for said stores ; and that said sloop cruise as far 
eastward as Martha's Vineyard, and as far westward as Sandy 
Hook ; and as far from the land as His Honor, the GovernoPj 
shall think necessary, to answer the end of said cruise. 

And that she continue cruising till the 1st day of October 
and as much longer as His Honor, the Governor, with the ad. 
vice of his council, shall think necessary ; and that in all other 
respects, not herein particularly mentioned, the act passed in 
the year 1744, for the fitting out said sloop, &c., be conformed 
to ; and that a bounty of forty shillings be given to each man 
that shall enlist on board said sloop. 

And that His Honor, the Governor, immediately write to His 
Honor, the Governor of the colony of Connecticut, requesting 
that their colony sloop may join with the said sloop Tartar, in 
cruising, agreeably to the above mentioned act. 

An Act for the supply of Fort George with thirty soldiers, 
stating their monthly wages, and weekly allowance. 
Be it enacted by the General Assembly, and by the authori- 
ty thereof, that the captain of Fort George, as soon as may be? 
enlist tliirty men to serve as soldiers, at said Fort, at the wages 
of £'8 per month, and 15s. per week, board wages, they finding 
themselves provisions ; and that in case a sufiicient number of 
men do not enlist in fifteen days from the date hereof, that the 
field officers of the county of Newport, by a warrant from His 
Honor, the Governor, cause so many men as will make up that 
number, to be impressed within the county of Newport, for that 
purpose. 

An Act appointing commissioners to treat with the commissioners 
that are, or shall be appointed by the neighboring governments 
about our mutual defence, against the common onomy. 



1746.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 16% 

Whereas, application hath been made to this colony, by the 
Governors of the Provinces of New York and the Massachu- 
setts Bay, for appointing commissioners to treat with such com- 
missioners as are, or shall be appointed by the neighboring 
governments, touching our mutual security, defence and con- 
duct during the present war ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, and by 
the authority of the same, that two commissioners be appointed 
by this colony ; and that when His Honor, the Governor, shall 
receive advice from the other governments of the time and place 
■of the intended congress, he immediately direct said commission- 
ers to attend said congress, for the purpose aforesaid, who are 
to make report of their proceedings, with their opinions there- 
upon, that such measures may be jointly taken with the several 
governments as shall be judged most expedient; and that His 
Honor, the Governor, advise His Excellency, George Clinton, 
Esq., Governor of the Province of New York, and His Excel- 
lency, William Shirley, Esq., Governor of the Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay, of the resolution of this Assembly. 

Voted and resolved, that the act passed at the session of this 
Assembly, held in February last, entitled " An act directing 
how, and in what manner the money raised for the building a 
bridge at Weybosset, in Providence, shall be disposed of for 
supporting said bridge," be, and it is hereby repealed ; and 
that the committee appointed to build said bridge, go on and 
do the same as soon as conveniently may be, not exceed- 
ing the charge of £3,000, which is appropriated to that use, 
and to render an account of their proceedings to the General 
Assembly, when demanded. 

Voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, write to 
General Pepperell and Admiral Warren, requesting of them 
that all the officers and soldiers which were sent to Cape Bret- 
on, in the pay of this colony, be discharged immediately ; and 
that in his letter toAdmiral Warren, he particularly request that 
Messrs. Seth Harvey and Ezekiel Hubbard, with such other 
seamen as went with them from this colony, to man the ship 
Vigilant, be also forthwith discharged, (agreeably to the Ad- 

VOL. V. 22 



170 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1746, 

miral's promise ;) and that Ilis Honor, the Governor, also write 
to the commanding officers of the two companies, which went 
to Cape Breton, that they send hack to this colony all their 
soldiers that have not enlisted into the King's service, together 
with the provisions, goods, small arms and every other article be- 
longing to this colony, by the first opportunity that presents ; 
and that he also notify them of Capt. Jordan's promising to take 
them in, if there be no opportunity sooner ; and that he write 
to the said Messrs. Harvey and Hubbard, informing them of 
what he writes the Admiral. 

Voted and resolved, that Abraham Redwood, Esq., Messrs, 
Peter Bours and Stephen Hopkins, or the major part of them, 
be, and they are hereby appointed a committee to inquire into 
the circumstances of a representation made to this General As- 
sembly, relating to some English prisoners now confined at the 
Havana, and make report thereon to the next session of this 
Assembly. 

And that Capt. John Dennis, commander of the privateer 
brigantine Defiance, together with the owners of said brigan- 
tine, to which vessel the said persons in captivity did belong, be 
cited to appear at the next session of this Assembly, to answer 
to the aforesaid affair ; and that His Honor, the Governor, be, 
and he is hereby requested, not to give any commission to said 
Capt. John Dennis, for a privateering voyage, until his said 
owners, or some other substantial persons will give sufficient 
security, to answer to the aforesaid affair, in behalf of said 
Capt. John Dennis. 

Voted, that Messrs. Stephen Hopkins and William EUery, 
be, and they are hereby chosen commissioners, to meet with 
the commissioners that are, or shall bo chosen by the neighbor- 
ing governments, in order to treat about our mutual security 
in time of war. 

God save the Kinjr. 



1746.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 171 



Admiral Warren and Gen. Pepperell to Governor Wanton. 

Louisbourg, May 6th, 1746. 

Sir : — The weak condition of this garrison, by sickness, put us under a necessity 
of applying to Your Honor, by our joint letter of 25th of January last, for a reinforce- 
ment as early as possible, this spring ; lest we should be disappointed in the troops in- 
tended for our relief", from Gibraltar ; but as they happily arrived here 21st of last 
month, and as the sickness is greatly abated in the garrison, we flatter ourselves 
that if the colonies, who are, as well as our mother country, greatly interested in the 
safety and prosperity of this acquisition, will forward the raising and transporting 
levies, so as to keep the four regiments appointed for its protection, complete, we 
shall have no further occasion to put them to any trouble or expense for the defence 
of this conquest. 

But as we find that the two Gibraltar regiments do not consist of above twelve 
hundred men, officers and all, including two companies and a quarter, yet expected 
in a transport from New York ; and that (besides the old troops, for whose speedy 
dismission you are sensible the faith of the governments to which they respectively 
belong, is engaged, and our promise also,) we have not above four hundred men 
belonging to the new American regiments, including those that have enlisted here, 
and that have been sent from New England, which makes in all but about sixteen 
hundred men. 

We hope the levies will go on well in all the colonies, that it may be in our 
power to keep their and our faith with the old troops ; and as the good of His Maj- 
esty's service is so greatly interested herein, we doubt not but your government 
will aflbrd their best assistance, by encouraging the enlistments among them, and 
transporting what men may be raised, by such vessels as may be bound here, from 
your government. 

We shall send home, by every opportunity, as many of the old troops belonging 
to the several colonies, (whose health or other necessities most require it,) as the ar- 
rival of the levies for the new regiments, and the other circumstances of the garri- 
son will admit of. 

We are Your Honor's very humble servants, 

P. WARREN, 
WM. PEPPERELL. 

To the Hon. Gideon Wanton. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhli/, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivportj the 2d 
day of June., 1746. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 



172 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1746. 

An Act for raising forces for His Majesty's service, in the ex- 
pedition against Canada. 

Whereas, His Majesty has been pleased to signify to this 
colony, by a letter from His Grace, the Duke of Newcastle, his 
royal intentions to employ a considerable body of his troops^ 
under the command of Lieutenant General St. Clair, with a 
sufficient squadron of men-of-war, under the command of Ptear 
Admiral Warren, for the reduction of Canada, to his obedience ; 
and that it is his pleasure this colony should forthwith raise as 
many men as the shortness of the time will permit, and send 
them to the general rendezvous, at Louisbourg ; and this gov- 
ernment being willing to give all possible evidence of their loy- 
alty and gratitude to His Majesty, and zeal for his service, in 
this important expedition, so wisely formed, to enlarge the do- 
minions and commerce of Great Britain, and so absolutely ne- 
cessary for the security and happiness of all His Majesty's 
subjects, in North America ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly of said 
colony, and by the authority thereof it is hereby enacted, that 
three companies of able bodied soldiers be forthwith raised in 
this colony, consisting of one hundred men each, (including the 
officers.) immediately to enter into His Majesty's service, and 
to be transported with all expedition, to Louisbourg, to join 
His Majesty's other forces expected there, for the carrying on 
said expedition against Canada ; and that each able bodied 
man that shall enlist in the aforesaid service, shall have given 
him as an encouragement, from said colony, a bounty of £50^ 
in bills of public credit, of the old tenor ; and shall have given 
him a suit of clothes to the value of £20, old tenor ; and be 
furnished with a small arm and cartouch box, over and above 
His JNIajesty's pay, and the share of booty taken. 

And that the captain or commanding officer v{' each respec- 
tive company or trained band, within this colony, bo, and they 
are hereby empowered and required to enlist as many men as 
they can, and have them at Newport, by the loth day of June 
instant, in order to receive their bounty. 

And that His Honor, the Governor, forthwith aive orders to 



1746.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 173 

the several colonels in tins colony, to direct the several and re- 
spective captains or commanding officers of each company, 
within their regiments, to be as expeditious as possible in their 
enlistino; men in the aforesaid service. 

And that the commissary of said colony, forthwith procure 
said arms, cartouch boxes and clothes, at the expense of the 
colony ; and provide six months' provisions proper for the sup- 
port of said soldiers, according to the stated allowance of the 
colony ; and that said soldiers be immediately after their en- 
listment, sent to Louisbourg. 

And John Cranston and Abraham Redwood, Esqs., Messrs- 
Jonathan Nichols and George Wanton, are hereby appointed a 
committee for the procuring proper transports, furnished with 
mariners and necessaries, upon monthly hire, as they shall 
agree, for the carrying said forces to Louisbourg, and from 
thence, up the river of St. Lawrence, to Quebec, or any other 
place of landing His Majesty's forces ; and they are hereby 
empowered to draw on the general treasurer for the necessary 
expense thereof, giving security to the owners of such trans- 
ports, for the payment of the value of such vessels, if lost ; and 
to be repaid the same, in case by any accident, they are obliged 
to pay damages. 

And till such time as said soldiers as sent off from Louis- 
bourg, they shall be billeted out at Newport, by the field offi- 
cers of the said county of Newport, at thirty shillings' per 
week, for which they shall draw money out of the general 
treasury ; and the necessary charges of enlistment, and bring- 
ing the said soldiers to Newport, shall be paid to the officers 
enlisting such men, by the government. 

[The remainder of this act, (which is quite long,) contains 
the oath to be taken by the officers and soldiers ; it also relates 
to the fitting of the sloop Tartar, which was to accompany the 
expedition, the expenses of enlisting the soldiers and sailors, 
their pay, the emission of £11,250, in bills of credit, and the 
levying of a tax on the pulls and ifitjiblo estates of the inhebit- 
ants for the purpose.] 



174 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1746. 

Voted and resolved, that any persons, inhabitants of this 
colony, -who are skillful pilots in the navigation in the bay and 
river of St. Lawrence, and will undertake to serve as pilots in 
His Majesty's fleet, now going to Canada ; upon applying 
themselves to the Governor of this colony, and proving them- 
selves to be such, and that they will go into His Majesty's 
fleet as pilots, shall receive from the general treasurer of this 
county, a bounty of £200, old tenor, each, and such wages as 
shall be allowed by His Majesty. 

God save the Kinir. 



Proceedings of ihc General Assemblt/, held for the Colonij of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantcdions, cd Neivjjorl, the \2th day of 
June, 1746. 

The lion. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act to prevent soldiers from being rescued or detained, 
after enlistment, to go in the expedition against Canada. 
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of this colony, and 
by the authority thereof, that if any soldier that hath enlisted, 
or that shall enlist himself to go in the expedition against Can- 
ada, shall be rescued or detained from His Majesty's said ser- 
vice, upon information thereof, made to any assistant or justice 
of the peace, in the county where such offence is, or shall be 
committed, such assistant or justice of the peace is hereby em- 
powered and required to grant forth his warrant for apprehend- 
ing such soldier, and deliver him to the officer who enlisted 
him ; and for want of such soldier, to apprehend the person or 
persons that shall rescue or detain such soldier, and commit 
liim or them to His INInjcsty'e jail in tlio county where sucli ol- 
I'ence shall be committod, there to rem;iiii till thu next court of 



1746.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 175 

general sessions of the peace ; who are to take cognizance of 
said offence, and to fine each offender that shall be committed, 
the sum of .£200, to and for the use of the colony. 

Voted and resolved, that the sum of £20, which was allowed 
to purchase a suit of clothes, for each of the soldiers, he aug- 
mented to £26 ; and that every soldier, which has a suit of 
clothes sufficient for the expedition at the time of his enlist- 
ment, shall have the liberty of receiving the sum of £26 in lieu 
of a suit of clothes ; and also, that every soldier, who was part- 
ly supplied with a sufficiency of clothing for the expedition at 
his enlisting, shall be supplied by the commissary with what 
shall be wanting ; and such soldiers shall have the liberty of 
drawing the surplusage of the £26, in money ; and that the 
said commissary, in delivering to said soldiers clothes and 
money, be governed according to a certificate that shall be given 
by the captain of such company to which the said soldier or 
soldiers shall belong ; who is hereby appointed to examine and 
view such soldiers, and their clothing, and to determine what 
shall be wanting to each soldier : and that the officers that 
were appointed to enlist soldiers, be still continued in that 
service, till Tuesday, the 25th day of June instant, if a suffi- 
cient number be not enlisted before, and then to make report 
to the General Assembly. 

Voted and resolved, that the sheriff of the county of New- 
port, upon application to him made by the committee appointed 
to hire suitable vessels for transporting the soldiers raised, and 
to be raised for the expedition against Canada, be, and he is 
hereby directed and fully empowered to impress suitable ves- 
sels for the purpose aforesaid ; and also, all such workmen as 
shall be necessary for repairing and fitting said vessels, with 
all expedition ; and that if said committee and the owners of 
such vessels as shall be impressed, as aforesaid, cannot agree 
upon the value thereof, indifferent persons shall be chosen by 
both parties, to appraise and value the same ; and the said 
committee shall give security accordingly ; and if they cannot 
agree for the hire thereof, the same shall be settled by the 
General Assembly. 



176 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1746. 

Whereas, instructions have been sent by His Majesty to this 
government, for raising a number of land forces, and armed 
vessels to join in the expedition against Canada, and the Gen- 
eral Assembly have thought fit to send the colony sloop Tartar 
in said expedition, and passed an act for that purpose ; — 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that the act passed, di- 
recting said sloop to cruise with the Connecticut colony sloop 
the ensuing summer season, be repealed ; and that His Honor, 
the Governor, inform His Honor, the Governor of Connecticut, 
of this resolution, and the reasons that produced it. 

Voted and resolved, that the sheriff of the county of New- 
port, be, and he is hereby directed and fully empowered to take 
into custody, as prisoners of war, as many of those freemen 
subjects of the King of Spain, that were taken by Capt. John 
Dennis and Capt. Ptobert Morris, in company, and brought into 
this colony and sold for slaves, as can be found within the 
same, to be sent home in a flag of truce, to be commissioned 
by His Honor, the Governor, as soon as conveniently may be, 
for the releasement of those of His Majesty's subjects that are 
prisoners at the Havana, and were taken from Capt. Dennis ; 
and that Daniel Denton, (who was one of said prisoners, and 
was suffered to come away, in order to procure the freemen 
brought into and sold in this government, as aforesaid, to be 
sent back for the releasement of the said prisoners in the Ha- 
vana,) be sent to the Havana, in said flag of truce. 

And that the Hon. Joseph Whipple, Esq., Messrs. John Cal- 
lender, Daniel Updike and Edward Scott, be a committee, to 
draft a letter for His Honor, the Governor, to sign, and send to 
the Governor of the Havana, informing him of what this gov- 
ernment has done, and the reasons why it was not done before ; 
and also, another letter to be sent to the Governor of New 
York, requesting him to release so many of the freemen sub- 
jects of the King of Spain, who were taken with the aforemen- 
tioned, as can be found within that government. 

And that tlie owncn's and agents of the brigantine Defiance, 
and snow, Duke of Marlborough, privateers, reimburse to those 
persons who bouglit tlie said freemen, who shall be released, of 



1746.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 177 

those brought into this government, as aforesaid, the money 
which they paid for them ; and that the same committee draft 
another letter, to be signed by His Honor, the Governor, in an- 
swer to the letter of His Honor, the Governor of Pennsyl- 
vania. 

And that the act passed at the last session of this Assembly, 
prohibiting said John Dennis having a commission, be, and it 
is hereby repealed. 

And that the speaker of the house of deputies, be empow- 
ered and requested to treat with any persons within the Prov- 
ince of the Massachusetts Bay, who are owners of any of the said 
freemen sold for slaves, as aforesaid, about their releasement ; 
and that if any of said freemen, who were sold for slaves in 
this colony, as aforesaid, are dead, that evidences thereof be 
taken by the aforesaid sheriff, and transmitted to the Havana, 
with the letter. 

Voted and resolved, that the committee appointed to hire 
transports, procure a doctor for the land forces, to go against 
Canada, upon the best terms they can ; and that the commis- 
sary procure a doctor, for the colony sloop Tartar, upon the 
best terms he can ; and that the commissary provide medicines 
for both said doctors ; and also tents for the land forces, and a 
suitable bed and blanket for every two men. 

Voted and resolved, that the general treasurer be, and he is 
hereby directed and fully empowered, to borrow as much 
money as the government has an immediate necessity for ; 
and in behalf of the colony to give his note, to pay the 
same upon demand. 

Voted and resolved, that Capt. Joseph Pendleton be, and 
he is hereby fully empowered to enlist soldiers to go in the 
expedition against Canada ; and that he have a reasonable al- 
lowance for the same. 

Voted and resolved, that the secretary send an order to each of 
the ferrymen, who transport persons from Rhode Island, forbid- 
ding them to carry any of the soldiei's, enlisted in the expedi- 

^'OL. V. 23 



178 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1746. 

tion against Canada, off from said island, without a certificate 
from their captain, or commanding officer. 
God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the 2Uh day 
of June, 1746. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor, 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Voted and resolved, that the Hon. Jos. Whipple, Esq., Deputy 
Governor, John Cranston, Esq., Messrs. George Wanton and 
James Sheffield, he, and they are hereby appointed a commit- 
tee, to take up a proper vessel for a flag of truce, for transport- 
ing the Spanish prisoners (brought into this colony by Capt. 
Morris,) to the Havana ; or in case any merchant shall think 
proper to offer a vessel for that service, they apply to said 
committee, who are directed to accept the same, if they think 
proper. 

Voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, write to 
His Excellency, the Governor of the Province of the Massachu- 
setts Bay, or in his absence, to the Lieutenant Governor of said 
Province ; and also to His Honor, the Governor of the colony 
of Connecticut, to know of them when they expect their forces 
[now] raising, to go in the expedition against Canada, will em- 
bark ; and whether any convoy will be provided for them. 

Voted and resolved, that the sheriff of the county of New- 
port be, and he is hereby directed and empowered, upon re- 
quest of the committee appointed to procure vessels to trans- 
port the soldiers raised and to be raised, to go in the expedi. 



1746.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 179 

tion against Canada, to impress as many men as the said 
committee shall think proper, for manning said vessels. 

Voted and resolved, that the captains of all the companies 
in this colony continue enlisting soldiers till the 8th day of 
July next ; and that all the soldiers that shall be enlisted, be 
brought to Newport, by that day; and that the sum of £1,000 
old tenor, be lodged in the hands of each of the colonels of the 
regiments, in this colony, to be distributed amongst such of 
their captains as they shall think proper, for paying the boun- 
ties to such soldiers as shall be enlisted ; and said captains to 
be accountable to the colonels, and the colonels to be accounta- 
ble to the General Assembly, for what money they shall receive 
for the purpose, aforesaid ; and that said captains return what 
soldiers they shall enlist, to the respective colonels, with their 
names ; and that the colonels take care of them, and see that 
they are all at Newport, by the said 8th day of July next. 

An Act for stating the ferriage over Weybosset river, in the 
■ town of Providence. 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the colony, afore- 
said, and by the authority thereof it is enacted, that Amaziah 
Waterman, of said Providence, keep a ferry on the east side 
and Henry Sweeting, of said Providence, keep a ferry on the 
west side of said Weybosset river, for transporting persons 
horses, chaises, chairs, and other things over said river ; and 
that they take for ferriage, two pence, for a single person, four 
pence for a person and horse ; one shilling and sixpence, for a 
chaise or chair, with a horse, and the persons riding therein ; 
and so to continue until a bridge be built over said river ; and 
that no other person presume to ferry over said river for hire. 

God save the King. 



180 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1746. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Ehods 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport, the Sih day 
of July, 1746. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Voted and resolved, that a lieutenant colonel be appointed to 
command the land forces, raising in this colony, for the expedi- 
tion against Canada. 

Voted and resolved, that Robert Gibbs, Esq., Messrs. Stephen 
Hopkins and Daniel Updike, be, and they are hereby appointed 
a committee to draw a letter in answer to the letter from Ad- 
miral Warren, to His Honor, the Governor, and present the 
same to this Assembly. 

Voted and resolved, that the captains of the three companies 
which are going in the expedition against Canada, or any two 
of them, be, and they are hereby appointed a committee to 
view and examine the arms purchased for said companies ; and 
that those which will do for said expedition, be immediately 
put in good order, and those which are not good, be returned 
to the persons of whom they were purchased, and others that 
are good, be procured by the commissary in their room ; and 
that those arms which were purchased as good arms, and in 
good order, and are not so, be repaired at the charge of those 
persons who sold them ; and that the committee employ as 
many gunsmiths to fit said arms as shall be necessary to do the 
same, with the greatest expedition. 

Upon the petition of John Beard, Randall Eldrcd and Rob- 
ert Durfey, masters of the three vessels hired by this colony 
for transporting the soldiers raised for the expedition against 
Canada, craving an allowance for the necessaries of their cabin, 
during their continuance in the service ; — 



1746.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 181 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that the sum of £20, be 
allowed, and paid out of the general treasury, for the cabin 
expenses of each of the transports which are to carry the sol- 
diers to Canada, and that the same be paid to each of the cap- 
tains of said transports. 

Voted and resolved, that in case the other governments send 
their soldiers to Louisbourg, without His Majesty's commissions 
to their officers, that our officers and soldiers be also sent to 
Louisbourg ; and that His Honor, the Governor, give commis- 
sions to our officers to continue till they receive His Majesty's 
commissions ; and that His Honor, the Governor, write to Gen. 
St. Clair, or any other person, to whom His Majesty's commis- 
sions shall be sent, requesting him to deliver commissions to all 
our officers, agreeably to their respective nominations here. 

Voted and resolved, that the commissary procure proper 
arms for the commissioned officers of the companies raising in 
this colony, for the expedition against Canada. 

Voted and resolved, that the time for enlisting soldiers for 
the expedition against Canada, be continued till further orders, 
or advice shall come to this colony for embarking the soldiers, 
unless the companies be filled up before that time ; and if said 
companies be not then full, that His Honor, the Governor, 
forthwith give out a warrant for impressing a sufficient number 
of soldiers to fill up said companies, in the counties of Newport 
and Providence, in the following manner, viz. : 

Capt. Sayer's company to be filled up in the county of 
Newport. 

Capt. Rice's company in the county of Providence. 

Capt. Cole's company to be filled up equally in the counties 
of Newport and Providence. 

And that none of the inhabitants of King's county, be im- 
pressed ; but that any other persons may be impressed that 
can be found in any part of the colony ; and that all the sol- 
diers be ordered to Goat Island, as soon as sufficient beds, 
blankets and tents are provided for them ; and that from this 
time, the lieutenant colonel and other officers of the several 



182 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1746. 

companies, going in the expedition against Canada, be the en- 
listing officers, and no other. 

I, the subscriber, dissent from that part of the vote above, re- 
specting the impress. CALEB CARR. 

Voted, that the Hon. Joseph Whipple, Esq., Deputy Gov- 
ernor, Daniel Coggeshall, Esq., Messrs. John Spenser, Samuel 
Perry and David Anthony, be, and they are hereby chosen 
trustees for the care and management of the rents and profits 
of the estate submitted to this government by the late Nine- 
gret, sachem, deceased, in the year 1713, for the use of the 
proper heir. 

Voted and resolved, that the King's attorney draw a proper 
instrument, to be signed by Ilis Honor, the Governor, under 
the colony seal, empowering the agent, in behalf of the Gov- 
ernor and Company of this colony, to apply to His Majesty's 
ministers and Parliament, to receive the money for the expense 
of the expedition against Cape Breton, and to give discharge 
or discharges for the same, in behalf of the colony ; and that 
the same be transmitted to the agent, with a copy of the Duke 
of Newcastle's letter, to this government the last year, to assist 
Commodore Warren. 

Voted and resolved, that John Cranston and Abraham Red- 
wood, Esqs., Messrs. Peter Bours, Geo. Wanton and Jonathan 
Nichols, or the major part of them, be, and they are hereby ap" 
pointed a committee to act, transact and direct every thing 
which shall be needful and necessary respecting the expedition 
against Canada, which shall be left undone by this Assembly 
at their rising ; and that said committee, or the major part of 
them, examhie the accounts of the officers going in said expe- 
dition, and order the general treasurer to pay what they think 
reasonable and just ; and that the commissary provide one 
more bhmket for every two soldiers going in said expedition ; 
and that if any person who shall be impressed for said expedi- 
tion, shall afterward enlist and swear as the law directs, he shall 



1746.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 183 



be entitled to the bounty and all other advantages which the 
other enlisted soldiers were entitled to. 
God save the King. 

Admiral Warren to Governor Greene. 



Boston. 29th June, 1746. 

Sir : — I came hither from Louisbourg, to concert measures with Gov. Shirley, 
for carrying on the intended operations against Canada with all jDossible despatch 
as directed by His Majesty's instructions. 

Upon looking over the votes of the different colonies interested in the success of this 
important enterprise, I find the number of men proposed by your government, as 
their quota, to be much fewer than we hoped from thence, upon this glorious occa- 
sion given the colonies to extirpate so dangerous an enemy as the French have al- 
ways been, and will ever prove to them ; by which means, a lasting foundation to 
latest generations will be laid for the peace and prosperity of all His Majesty's 
American dominions, in competition with which no expense can be adequate, nor 
should be once thought of by the colonies or our mother country, as a 
successful attempt must make them ample amend for the greatest debts that can 
be the consequence of this great undertaking. 

I am of opinion, that all the seamen should be engaged, that you can possibly meet 
with, to go in the armed vessels from each colony ; and that no time be lost, as the 
season will very soon render it impracticable to make the attempt this year ; in which 
case, however, I hope Crown Point, from whence all our frontiers are, and have 
been annoyed, may be reduced as a proper place of rendezvous, and stores for the 
army destined to go to Montreal. 

Though my health is very much impaired, nothing shall be wanting in me to 
act the part allotted me in this expedition. The ministry appointing me so sud- 
denly after I had, with the most earnest application, procured His Majesty's leave 
to resign the government of Louisbourg, for the recovery of my health, is owing to 
their opinion of my great regard and attachment to the colonies, in which they do 
me but common justice ; for no man has their prosperity more at heart ; which shall 
be manifested by my actions as well as words, when occasion offers, which I hope 
will be very soon. 

I shall be proud to receive your commands ; and any intelligence you can pro- 
cure about the situation of Canada, or if you have any pilots acquainted with the 
navigation thither. I am, with very great regard, sir, 

Your most obedient servant, 

P. WARREN. 

To the Hon. William Greene, Esq., Governor of Rhode Island. 

Governor Greene to Admiral Sir Peter Warren. 

Providence, July — , 174G. 
Sir : — I acknowledge the favor of yours, upon your arrival in Boston, and would 
beg leave to observe to you, that however small the quota of meu proposed by 



184 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1746. 

Rhode Island may seem, when the votes of the several governments for raising men 
are compared, yet if the smallness of this government be considered, and its present 
circumstances, the quota of men voted, must be looked upon as many as in reason 
could be expected from this small colony. 

Upon a fair and exact computation, the number of men in the colony of Rhode 
Island, proper for bearing arms, cannot be computed to be more than three thou- 
sand ; which number, must be greatly lessened within these few months past by the 
number of vessels fitted out and cruising against His Majesty's enemies. 

There being out of this colony, and fitting out on that account, three ships, of 
about twenty guns each ; one snow, and four brigantines, of about sLxteen guns 
each ; and four sloops, of about twelve guns each ; which are all manned from this 
place, and are actually out on their cruise, saving one brigantine and two sloops, 
now fitting out, and which in this small government, must necessarily greatly ex- 
haust the number of men fit for His Majesty's service on the present occasion. 

However, this government considered the expedition intended for the reduction 
of Canada, as an undertakmg of the utmost consequence to all His Majesty's colo- 
nies in America ; and that they might be aiding and assisting as far as the strength 
and circumstances of this small government would admit, cheerfully ordered three 
hundred able bodied soldiers to be raised and sent to join His Majesty's land 
forces ; and one hundred seamen in the sloop Tartar, lately in His Majesty's ser- 
vice, at Louisbourg, to attend on the sea force. 

And that the soldiers might enter the service with the greater cheerfulness, 
and resolution, the government ordered a large bounty, and have taken care that 
they should be well clothed ; by which means, notwithstanding the scarcity of men 
in the colony, the companies are nearly filled up, and are daily under discipline, 
and will be ready for embarkation immediately upon the officers' receiving their 
commission ; and therefore it may be proper that timely notice be given whether it 
be expected that these forces be sent directly to Louisbourg, or attend a convoy at 
the Massachusetts. 

And I am well assured, that this government had such a sense of His Majesty's 
gracious intentions by this expedition, and of the lasting consequence of the efl'ect 
of it, if well executed, that they acted with an intention of sending a full quota, and 
to be no ways wanting on this extraordinary occasion ; and I cannot but flatter my- 
self that this matter will appear in the same light to you, when this small colony, 
under its present circumstances, is compared with the other larger governments in 
North America. 

As it has appeared by long and melanchol}' experience, that the peace and wel- 
fare of His Majesty's subjects in North America can never be established as long as 
Canada subsists, it was with the greatest joy that His Majesty's subjects in this colo- 
ny received the news of his intentions to reduce it, and the appointment of Admiral 
Warren to have the chief command of the sea force, made the joy more universal ; 
and as in this government, it has been a means of raising the soldiers and sailors 
with the greater ease ; it is not doubted, but under the influence of Providence, 
will be of as happy consequence in the designed effect. 

This government has also given due encouragement for the engaging any persons 
that are acquainted with the navigation to Canada; but by reason of the distant 
situation of this colony, a more exact account of the situation of that country 
and more skdlful pilots may be had from some of F^is MajosfvV otlier froviM-n- 
ments, than can be expected from this. 



1746.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 185 



Whatever dii*ections shall be communicated respecting the forces from this o-qv- 
ernmeat, will be received with pleasure, and put in execution with all possible ex- 
pedition, by sir, Your most obedient humble servant, 

, WILLIAM GREENE. 

P. S. As the honor of the government was at stake for the releasement 
of those sailors sent for manning the ship Vigilant, this government would bef a 
Hne, by which they may assure their friends that that point had been complied with- 

To Admiral Warren. 



Governor Shirki/ and Admiral Warren to Governor Greene. 

Boston, July 4th, 1746. 

Sir : — Last week Mr. Warren came here in the Chester, from Louisbourg, in or- 
der to settle, with Mr. Shirley (and Gen. St. Clair's approbation, when he shall ar- 
rive,) the plan of operations for the expedition against Canada, in the most speedy 
manner, which the advanced season of the year requires to be done without the least 
Joss of time ; as it also does, that all the governments concerned in it, should push 
on the completing of the levies, and making the necessary preparations and disposi- 
tions for it within their respective colonies with the utmost despatch ; and in doing 
which, we think they should act with the utmost vigor, not regarding what they 
may esteem to be barely their just quota and proportion of men and money in this 
expedition, but the importance of the enterprise towards cither laying a most sure 
foundation for the general welfare and prosperity of all these colonies, or leaving 
them in so precarious a situation, as may sometime or other expose them to be re. 
duced under the power and subjection of the French ; upon which account, they 
should consider themselves as one body, united in the common cause, in which, if 
any one particular colony should exert itself beyond either its just proportion or 
abilities, it may (we doubt not) be depended upon that the exceedings of such colo- 
ny will be made up to it, either by an average to be afterwards settled among all the 
colonies concerned, or by a reimbursement from His Majesty, or the Parliament of 
Great Britain. 

And it ought to be, in a particular manner considered, that this will, in all proba- 
bility, be the only favorable opportunity of attempting the driving of the French ofi' 
from the northern part of this continent, which if neglected, may never be re- 
deemed ; but followed close by an endless train of disadvantages and difficulties to all 
His Majesty's northern colonies, too many to be enumerated here, and too obvious 
to need it. 

Wherefore, we trust that all His Majesty's governments upon this continent, will 
leave nothing untried for raising a sufficient force for securing the success of the 
present enterpi-ise, that is, all the force they can raise. 

The securing of the assistance of the Six Nations, we esteem a pomt most essen- 
tial to the success of the expedition, and necessary to be gained at any rate ; Mr. 
Gooch writes to Mr. Shirley, that he will come with presents in his hands for this 
purpose. 

All possible despatch Is so apparently necessary for our succeeding in this expe- 
dition, or even proceeding upon it, that we are persuaded Your Honor will agree 
with us in it. 

VOL. V. 24 



186 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1746, 

We enclose Your Honor a memorandum of what we apprehend necessary to be ' 
provided ; and doubt not but you will be pleased to provide what part of them can 
be had in your government; we hope in particular, that two armed sloops, brigan- 
tines or snows, with eighty men and ten carriage guns each, may be procured by 
Your Honor ; and we think that as it will be absolutely necessary that the troops 
should be prepared to winter in the enemy's country, ten months' provisions should 
be got for them, and some salt put on board every transport, which will be of ser- 
vice to cure what fresh stock may be had in Canada ; and as there will be a greater 
number of seamen wanting, for not only the transports and armed vessels from the 
colonies, but His Majesty's ships also, at Louisbourg, the A^'igilant in particular, we 
hope Your Honor will assist as much as may be, by an impress, or otherwise, as you 
shall think proper. 

We take the liberty to observe to you, that we are assured it will bo a matter of 
surprise to His Majesty's ministry to find what a small proportion of forces the 
colony under your government has contributed towards carrying on this expedi- 
tion ; and we flatter ourselves that when your Assembly shall consider how much 
below their abilities they have acted upon this extraordinary occasion, and compare 
themselves and what they have done for the common cause, with the other colonies 
of New England, and in particular with New Hampshire, and the part they have 
acted at this important juncture ; that they will think it not only reasonable and fit, 
but for their interest to augment their levies to a just number. 

We beg leave farther to observe, that the extraordinary bounty your Assembly 
has voted for encouraging those few men to enlist, which are to be raised as the quota 
of your government, has not had the best effect upon His Majesty's service in the 
neighboring colonies ; having, as we are informed, not only drawn several of their 
men from them, but damped the enlistments within those colonies, where the 
bounty given, though a very sufficient one, is yet much below that given by your 
Assembly. 

Mr. Shirley is in hopes that troops raised in this Province, may sail by the 20th 
instant, under convoy of the Massachusetts frigate, and probably of His Majesty's 
ship Chester ; and we shall be glad, if you think proper, that your troops should 
rendezvous here, to have them go in company with the Massachusetts and Connec- 
ticut forces, which latter propose their rendezvous at Boston. 

We have, in a joint letter, desired Lieut. Gen. St. Clair to come to Boston, as it 
will save much time in forwarding the expedition, for doing which, nothing shall be 
wanting on our parts, nor will, we are persuaded, on Your Honor's. 
We are, with very great regard, sir. 

Your most obedient, humble servants. 

W. SHIRLEY, 
P. WARREN. 

We desire the favor of you to let us knew, as soon as possible, the number of 
troops you shall be able to raise in j'our government, and by what time tliey will 
get to the place of rendezvous. 



1746.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 187 



Letter from Governor Greene to Governor Bhirley and Admiral 
JSir Peter Warren. 

Gentlemen: — Your favors of the 4th and 7th of July Instant, came safe by the 
messenger, on Monday last, being two days after the Assembly rose ; which now 
stands adjourned to the 19th of next month. 

As to what you write about procuring two armed snows or brigantines, &c., can- 
not determine without the approbation of the General Assembly ; for which pur- 
pose, Intend to be advised by the council, whether they think proper to call them 
together before the day they stand adjourned to. 

Our colony sloop will sail with the transports, with one hundred men on board, 
(officers included,) well found and provided. 

As for the provisions, the General Assembly had devolved a power on the com- 
mittee for carrying on the afitairs of the expedition ; and care will be taken to put a 
sufficient quantity on board, with some salt. Our colony sloop and transports are 
now nearly ready, and I design they shall sail Immediately to Boston, for the benefit 
of a convoy, and go In company with the other forces, to Louisbourg. 

As to what you write about the coasters, during the time of the embai'go here, 
not one was stopped a moment from proceeding on his voyage, being all exempted 
in the warrant ; and at all other times never met with any hindrance here. 

As for the other affairs, of raising more levies, I cannot give you any tolerable 
encouragement to expect ; but must refer you to the letter I sent the Hon. Admiral 
Warren, of the 11th Instant, wherein the sentiments of our General Assembly on 
that subject, are fully expressed. However, what I can do la the affair, for His 
Majesty's service, shall not be wanting. 

Being with due respect, gentlemen. 

Your obedient humble servant, 

Newport, 18th July, 1746. WILLIAM GKEENE. 

To His Excellency, Wm. Shirley, Esq., and the Hon. Peter Warren, Esq., Boston. 



Proceedings of the General AssemUi/, held for the Colons/ of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the third Tues- 
day in August, 1746. 

The Hon. Willioam Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act appointing a council of war, to hold a court martial on 
the soldiers raised for the expedition against Canada, till 
they shall join His Majesty's forces. 



188 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1746. 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same, that the lieutenant colonel and three cap- 
tains, and the three first lieutenants of the forces bou.nd for 
Canada, or a major part of them, be, and they are hereby ap- 
pointed a council of war, for the punishing any of the oflicers 
and men that belong to said forces, according to martial law ; 
and that said power be continued in them until they join His 
Majesty's forces from Europe. 

Voted and resolved, that all the soldiers raised for the expe- 
dition against Canada, be forthwith put on board the trans- 
ports, there to continue ; only to go on shore upon Goat Island 
as often as the commanding officers shall think proper, for ex- 
ercising ; and that the transports be hauled as near Goat Is- 
land as conveniently as may be ; and that said soldiers have 
their full allowance of provisions on board, agreeably to act of 
Assembly ; and that Capt. Jonathan Nichols, be, and he is 
hereby appointed to procure said provisions, and see that the 
soldiers have the same regularly, and in good order. 

Voted and resolved, that all the tents, both of the officers 
and men, raised to go in tlie expedition against Canada, be 
lined at the top, and painted; and that the commissary procure 
the same to be done as soon as may be. 

Voted and resolved, that John Cranston, Esq., Messrs. Sam'l 
Wickham and Thomas Cranston, be, and they are hereby ap- 
pointed a committee, to call the several captains or other offi- 
cers appointed by this colony for the expedition against Cape 
Breton, or their representatives, who received the money and 
clothing for the use of the soldiers that went in said expedi. 
tion, to account for the same ; and upon their refusing or neg- 
lecting to account, that they be sued by the general treasurer 
forthwith. 

God save the King. 



1746.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 189 



Proceedings of the General Assemhif/, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport, the 29th day 
of September, 1746. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act for making additional works at Fort George, and sup- 
plying said fort with warlike stores. 

Whereas, the well fortifying the town of Newport, and fur- 
nishing the fortifications there with warlike stores, are neces- 
sary for the security of the government \ — 

Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly of the 
colony, aforesaid, and by the authority thereof it is enacted, 
that the sum of £2,120 in money, of the old tenor, be allowed, 
out of the general treasury, towards the completing the new 
works, and the alteration of the old battery adjoining to 
Fort George, at Goat Island, and already begun. 

And that Jahleel Brenton and John Gardner, Esqs., Messrs. 
Godfrey Malbone, John Brown, Philip Wilkinson, Joseph Har- 
rison, Peter Harrison, Walter Chaloner, James Sheffield, Wm. 
Read, Capt. Joshua Sayer, William Bice and Edward Cole, or 
the major^part of them, be established and appointed a commit- 
tee to.finish the said new battery, or work begun, and make 
the alterations in the old battery, at said Goat Island ; and 
that the said sum of £2,120, be paid to them, or the major part 
of them, out of the general treasury, for the procuring timber, 
plauk and materials necessary for carrying on and completing 
said works, and paying the artificers who shall work on the 
same. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
thejcommissary forthwith provide for said Fort George, at the 



190 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1746. 

expense of the colony, thirty barrels of gunpowder, and as 
many shot, as together with what is already at said fort, will 
make up the complement of twenty rounds for each cannon at 
said fort ; and that the said commissary also provide all small 
stores that are necessary for the service of said fort, the charges 
whereof shall be paid out of the general treasury. 

Dissent. — Vote for additional worhs at Fort George. 

1. Foi- that if the circumstances of the colony be duly considered, they are not 
in a condition to be at the expense of any additional fortifications. 

2. For that the town of Newport hath already had built, at the charge of the 
colony, a fort sufficient to guard it against the attacks of any private men-of-war, 
fitted out by private persons ; and that as the works now about to be built, will not 
be able to defend them against the fleets of any sovereign prince, it is conceived 
they will be entirely useless. 

3. For that we apprehend such a sum of money as must necessarily be expend- 
ed in the works proposed, will be much more useful for the defence of the colony, 
if it be kept in the general treasury until it be known in what place and in what 
manner we shall be attacked by the enemy. 

STEP. HOPKINS, JOB RANDALL, 

GEO. 13K0WN, WALTER PHETTIPLACE. 

Voted and resolved, that the colony sloop Tartar, be imme- 
diately sent to meet Admiral Lestock, agreeably to the request 
of His Excellency, Governor Shirley and Admiral AVarren, 
with the packet sent by those gentlemen, to inform Admiral 
Lestock of the situation of the French naval force upon the 
coast of North America ; and that Ilis Honor, the Governor, 
give orders to the captain of the colony sloop agreeably to the 
form sent by Governor Shirley and Admiral Warren ; and that 
His Honor, the Governor, write' to those gentlemen by the next 
post, and inform them that this colony concurs with them 
in the necessity of Admiral Lestock's being apprised as above ; 
and that for said purpose, our colony sloop was ordered imme- 
diately to sail. 

Voted and resolved, that Col. Daniel Updike and Mr. Josias 
Lyndon, be a committee to draw a letter, to be signed by His 
Honor, the Governor, and send to our agent, with a draft of 
the nev»f wurks at Goat Island, directing the agent to use his 



1746.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 191 



best endeavors to procure the cannon which this colony has pe- 
titioned His Majesty for ; and that he send them over by the 
first opportunity. 
God save the King. 

Gov. Shirley and Admiral Warren to Gov. Greene. 

Boston, September 29th, 174G. 
Sir : — As you will perceive by the enlosed letters and intelligence,* which we 
transmit to you, open, what steps we have taken to apprise Admiral Lestock (who, 
with a strong fleet, may be daily expected upon the coast of Nova Scotia, or Cape 
Breton,) of the situation and strength of the enemy's naval force, seen the 16th in- 
stant off the harbor of Chebucto, near Cape Samborough. 

We have despatched as many vessels as we could possibly get here, to meet the 
Admiral, with this intelligence ; and are of opinion you can't do your King and 
country a greater piece of service, than by despatching your colony sloop without a 
moment's loss of time, to cruise for Admiral Lestock, with this intelligence, till the 
25th of October, unless she should sooner meet with him. And as the English fleet 
•will most probably make the Cape Sable shore, to the westward of the Isle of Sables, 
we are of opinion the enclosed will be a proper order, and the station mentioned 
therein, most likely to meet the fleet ; and therefore flatter ourselves you will ap- 
prove of it. 

We have letters from Mr. Mascarene, governor of Annapolis, dated the 21st in- 
stant, by which we find the Chester and Shirley frigate were there, and that he had 
heard of no French ships being in the Bay of Fundy ; and we hope, ere this, the 
reinforcement of troops sent by Governor Shirley, are safe there. 
We are, with great regard, sir, 

Your most obedient humble servants, 
• W. SHIRLEY, 

P. WARREN. 

P. S. We esteem it of the last consequence to the colonies, that Admiral Les- 
tock should be met with at sea ; as in case he should be too weak, to cone with the 
enemy, wthout the assistance of Admiral Townsend, and be surprised, and over, 
powered by them, the storm of their whole force would be immediately directed 
towards New England ; wherefore, we hope we may depend absolutely upon your 
sending out your colony sloop, with the enclosed despatches, forthwith. 



* The intelligence alluded to, conveyed in a number of letters and depositions was, tliat 
a large French fleet, consisting of twenty-six ships of war and forty transports, had been 
despatched on an expedition against Newfoundland and Cape Breton, on board of ^vhieh 
were fifteen thousand troops, with all sorts of implements of war, for a siege; and that a 
large fleet of French ships had been seen at sea. 



192 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1746. 



Gov. Greene to Gov. Shirlei/ and Admiral Warren. 

Newport, 3d Oct., 1746. 

Gentlemen : — Your favor of the 29th of September, came safe ; at which time, 
the colony sloop Tartar was on a cruise, and did not return till yesterday morning • 
and out of the due regard I have for His Majesty's service, (and our common 
safety,) on this emergent occasion, according to your desire, have this morning di- 
rected Capt. Fones to sail immediately, and given him his sailing orders, with the 
packet for Admiral Lestock, whom I hope he may readily meet with, that the ad- 
miral may have proper intelligence, to prevent any part of his fleet from falling into 
the enemy's hands, and thereby being prevented from doing that service towards 
the annoyance of the French fleet now on our eastern coasts, which might be other- 
wise expected. 

I hope that this government will be ready on all occasions, to exert themselves as 
much as possibly they can, for His Majesty's service, in the security and defence 
of your Province, or any of our neighbors; and am, with due i-egards, gentlemen, 

Your most obedient humble servant, 

WH.LIAM GREENE. 
To His Excellency, "William Shirley, Esq., and the Honorable Peter Warren, 

Esq., In Boston. 

Letter from Governor Shirle>/ and Admiral Warren, to Governor 

Greene. 

Boston, October 14, 1746. 

Sir: — Having received advices of the great danger that the fortress of Annapo- 
lis Royal, and the whole Province of Nova Scotia is in of falling into the enemy's 
hands, imless succors be immediately sent from the colonies of New England, Mr, 
Shirley has accordingly sent nearly three hundred soldiers of His Majesty's troops, 
raised here for the expedition against Canada ; and is sending more, to make up 
his quota of six hundred men ; and we expect that three hundred more will be 
forthwith sent thither by Governor Wentworth ; and as the preservation of this 
Province is of the utmost consequence for His Majesty's interest, and the security 
and prosperity of the colonies of New England, he will justly expect that at least 
the troops in \m own pay, be employed for the defence of that country ; and there- 
fore we must earnestly urge Your Honor, without loss of time, to send, in proper 
vessels, the three hundred men raised in your government, for the expedition 
against Canada, for the defence of Annapolis Royal and Nova Scotia, the danger 
being so near, and the season of the year so far advanced, that the least delay may 
prove fatal. 

We have enclosed an extract of a letter from Lieut. Gov. Mascarene, by which 
you will understand how he proposes to have these succors employed ; and if you can 
immediately procure a number of whaleboats, they wdl be of great service. 
We are, sir, your most obedient humble servants, 

P. WARREN, 
W. SHHILEY. 

To the Hon. William Greene. 



1746.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 193 

P. S. The loss of Annapolis will make an addition of five or six thousand fight- 
ing men to the strength of the enemy, and thereby enable them to make further at- 
tempts even upon Louisbourg, or prevent the success of His Majesty's arms next 
year against Canada, if the King should think fit to extend them, to make 
that conquest. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Bhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Netvport, the 21st day 
of October, 1746. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Voted and resolved, that all the forces raised in this colony, 
for the expedition against Canada, that are able, be sent to An- 
napolis Royal, under the command of their respective officers, 
for the succor and support of that garrison, against His Maj- 
esty's enemies; and that an express be forthwith sent to Ad- 
miral Warren and Governor Shirley, informing them of the 
resolution of this Assembly, and desiring them to inform 
this government what convoy they will have for said forces ; 
and that the committee of war follow the instructions and 
directions of Admiral Warren and Governor Sliirley, in re- 
gard to sending away our said forces ; and that the colony 
sloop Tartar join the convoy which shall be ordered by Admiral 
Warren and Governor Shirley to proceed with them to Annapo- 
lis Royal, and return again to this colony as soon as con- 
veniently may be, after their arrival at Annapolis ; and that 
the transports which shall carry our forces, also return with the 
colony sloop. 

Voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, commis- 
sionate the lieutenant colonel, and other commissioned officers 
appointed by this colony for the expedition against Canada, to 
continue till His Majesty's commissions shall arrive, when the 

VOL. V. 25 



194 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1746. 

same be filled up with said officers' names, and delivered or 
sent to them. 

And that His Honor, the Governor, write to Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor Mascarene, at Annapolis Royal, and recommend Lieut. 
Colonel Kinnicut to him, to be continued as a field officer, in 
His Majesty's service ; and that he also inform the said Lieu- 
tenant Governor of what monies this colony shall advance for 
His Majesty to the several officers and soldiers to'wards their 
pay, that the same may be secured to the government. 

Voted and resolved, that Samuel Wickham, Esq., be, and 
he is hereby added to the committee of war ; and that they, 
or the major part of them, be a committee to take up of some 
gentlemen in Newport, upon the best terms they can, so 
much money as shall be necessary for the colony to pay the of- 
ficers and'soldiers raised for the Canada expedition, their£ad- 
vance wages, and what clothing is now wanting ; and that 
bills be drawn upon the paymaster general in Great Britain, to 
be signed by His Honor, the Governor, for payment of the 
same. 

Voted and resolved, that the committee of war, or the major 
part of them, be, and they are hereby fully empowered to do, 
act and transact all and every thing needful and necessary to 
be done, in respect to sending the forces raised in this colony 
to Annapolis Royal ; and also in sending the colony sloop with 
them; and to displace officers, and appoint others in their 
room, or in the room of any others that shall be prevented 
going, by any way or means whatsoever ; and in general to do 
every thing necessary, respecting the premises that shall be 
left undone by this Assembly at their rising, as fully in all re- 
spects as they were empowered relating to the Canada expe- 
dition. 

God save the King. 



1746.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 195 



Proceedings of the General Assembly held for the Colony of 
Rhode Island and Providence Planiations, at Providence, live 
last Wednesday in October, 1746. 

The lion. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

[There was no business of a public nature, transacted at this 
session of the Assembly.] 

Gov. Shirley and Admiral Warren to Gov. Greene. 

Boston, October 23d, 1746. 

Sir : — We have received your letter by Lieut. Col. Kinnicut, and are glad that 
your government has shown so good a spii-it, by cheerfully promoting a service of 
such importance, as the relief of Annapolis Royal, and the saving of it from falling 
into the enemy's hands. 

Last night we received from the master of a vessel, that sailed with the French 
fleet, from Chebucto, (which place they have wholly abandoned,) such an account 
of the strength and good condition both of their land and sea forces, and of their in- 
tention to sail with their whole body to Annapolis Royal, as stopped our proceed- 
ings for a few hours. 

But this afternoon, upon examining the captain of the English flag of truce, and 
two other gentlemen, of good reputation, who were taken prisoners by the French, 
sixteen days before their arrival at Chebucto, and two intelligent masters of vessels 
that were likewise prisoners, all of whom sailed with the fleet from Chebucto, and 
left them the 16 th instant, by which the state of the fleet appears to us in a very differ- 
ent light from what it was at first represented to us ; so that we have reason to judge 
that they are in a very weak condition, and are gone (at least the bulk of them,) to 
France, or the West Indies ; and thereupon Governor Shirley is sending the re- 
mainder of his recruits, with all despatch, and does not think it proper to stay for 
convoy, as all the rest of his troops sailed without, and are safe arrived at 
Annapolis. 

However, the first mentioned account has put us upon that caution, that we shall 
send away to-morrow, a small well sailing vessel, with a whaleboat and crew, to look 
into Annapolis basin ; and if they find none of the enemy's ships there, to go up to 
the fort, and get what intelligence they can from the Governor ; but if the enemy's 
ships are in Annapolis harbor, to come back immediately, so far as Passamaquoddy, 
to inform the ofEcers of the troops and masters of the transports, whom Governor 
Shirley will order to stop at that place for advice, and to proceed to Annapolis, or 



196 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1746. 

return back to Boston, according as the advice shall be ; and we judge it wiil be 
best for Your Honor to take the same method, by ordering your vessels to stop at 
Passamaquoddy ; and we sliall desire Lieut. Governor Mascarene to send one of 
the ordinance tenders to that place, to meet your vessels, and wair at Passama- 
quoddy, till their arrival ; and you may depend upon it, that your vessels will meet 
■with advice from Mr. Mascarene, at Passamaquoddy, if the navigation to Annapolis 
be safe. 

As to what you mention, referring to Governor Shirley's giving a commission to 
Mr. Kinnicut ; he cannot see the propriety of it in this case ; it being left to every 
particular governor to dispose of the commissions over their own troops ; however 
he will take effectual care that Col. Kinnicut shall not be subjected to any command 
below his own rank and character. 

AVe are, with great regard, sir, 

Your most obedient humble servants, 

W. SHIRLEY, 

To the Hon. William Greene, Esq. P. WARREN. 

P. S. Governor Wentworth informs Mr. Shirley, he sent two hundred soldiers 
Irom his government to Annapolis, last Sunday. 

Governor Shirley to Governor Greene. 

Boston, October 27, 1746. 

Sir: — I wrote to you by Lieut. Col. Kinnicut ; since when, I have advices ar- 
rived from Annapolis Royal, dated the 20th instant, informing me that they go on 
there very well against the enemy ; and want only more strength to drive the Can- 
adians out of the province, forthwith ; whereupon, Governor Mascarene presses me 
for such an addition of men, as will make up what is sent fifteen hundred or two 
thousand. Accordingly, by to-morrow, near four hundred men, will, I hope, be 
embarked, and sail from hence, over and above what I before sent, which was two 
hundred and sixty ; and I shall to-morrow give orders for three hundred men more 
to prepare for embarkation ; and hope to get them ready for sailing by Friday, at 
farthest. These, with the two hundred men from Governor Wentworth, and your 
three hundred, will make about sixteen hundred ; and I have pressed Governor 
Wentworth to send a further reinforcement, which I am in hopes he will do ; and I 
must entreat Your Honor to hasten your three companies, if they shall not be 
sailed before this comes to your hands, with all possible speed. 

The officer who brought me the despatches from Annapolis, saw nothing of the 
French fleet in the Bay of Fundy, in his passage ; and I have just now heard that 
they have been seen sixty leagues to the south-west of Cape Sable ; at all events, 
every one here is persuaded, with myself, that they are in a miserable, sickly, weak 
condition, and are making the best of their way to the West Indies ; and we have 
now an opportunity of giving the finishing stroke to the Canadians, in 2\ova Sco- 
tia, which I hope we shall not let slip ; as it might prove of bad consequence to us, 
in every respect, the next spring. I am, with all due regard, sir. 

Your Honor's obedient humble servant, 

W. SimiLEY. 

To Governor Greene. 

The post stays for this ; excuse haste. 



1746.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 197 



Proceedings of the General Assemhl)/ held for the Colomj of 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, on 
11th day of November, 1746. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act appointing commissioners to mark out the bounds of 
the colony of Rhode Island, &c., eastward, towards the 
Province of the Mas'^achusetts Bay, agreeably to His 
Majesty's royal determination in council, the 28th day of 
May, 1746. 

Whereas, this colony has received His Majesty's said royal 
determination, ascertaining the boundaries between the said 
colony and said Province, and hath commanded the Governor 
and Company of said colony, and all others whom it may con- 
cern, to govern themselves accordingly, which renders it ab- 
solutely necessary to mark out the several boundaries ordered 
in His Majesty's said determination, that this colony and the 
inhabitants who dwell near said lines, may be the better ena- 
bled to pay due obedience to His Majesty's commands ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly of this 
colony, and by the authority of the same it is enacted, that 
James Honeyman, Jr., Gideon Cornell and George Brown, Esq., 
Mr. George Wanton and Capt. Walter Chaloner, be appointed 
commissioners, on the part of this colony ; and they, or the 
major part of them, to join such other commissioners as are, or 
shall be appointed by the Province of the IMassachusetts Bay, 
with full power and authority to represent this colony in mark- 
ing out the several boundaries, and running the several lines, 
agreeably to His Majesty's said determination ; and the com- 



198 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1746. 

missioners so appointed and authorized, as aforesaid, shall meet 
at Pawtucket Falls, on the 2d day of December next, and then 
begin said service. 

Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that in case 
the Province of the Massachusetts Bay shall not appoint any 
commissioners on their part, in order to join those appointed by 
this colony, that then the commissioners on the part of this 
colony, proceed on, and complete said lines and boundaries. 

Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the du- 
plicate of His Majesty's said proclamation, and a copy of this 
act be forthwith transmitted by express to His Excellency, 
William Shirley, Esq., Governor of the Province of the JNIassa- 
chusetts Bay. 

Voted and resolved, that the commissioners appointed by 
this Assembly, for marking out the bounds of this colony, east- 
ward, towards the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, be, and 
they are hereby empowered and directed to employ one or 
more skillful surveyor or surveyors, (if need require,) to attend 
them, in performing the above mentioned service. 

Voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, be re- 
quested to write to His Excellency, William Shirle}', Esq.^ 
Governor of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, desiring 
him to forbid any of the officers of said Province, exercising 
any authority or jurisdiction for the future within the limits of 
this colony, as settled by His Majesty's determination, on the 
28th day of May last past ; and also, that His Honor, the Gov- 
ernor, send with his letter, by express to Governor Shirley, the 
duplicate of His Majesty's said determination, and the act of 
this Assembly for appointing commissioners on the part of this 
colony, for running and marking out the boundary lines be- 
tween said colony and Province, and request of him to appoint 
commissioners on the part of said Province, to join with the 
commissioners appointed by this colony. 

Wliereas, the General Assembly has received information, 
that Pawcatuck bridge is out of repair ; — 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that Capt. William Pen- 



1747.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 199 

dleton, be, and he is hereby appointed to repair this govern- 
ment's part of said bridge, at the charge of the colony. 
God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhl?/, held for the Colon?/ of Bhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the Qth day 
of January^ 174 6-7. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Report of the Commissioners on the Eastern Boundary Line. 

Whereas, Messrs. James Honeyman, Jr., Gideon Cornell, 
George Brown, George Wanton and Walter Chaloner, were by 
the General Assembly, appointed commissioners, to mark out 
the bounds of the colony towards the Province of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay, agreeably to the late determination of the King, 
in council, who have perfected the same, and made report to 
this Assembly, of their proceedings as followeth : 

We, the subscribers, appointed commissioners by the General Assembly of the 
colony, aforesaid, to mark out the bounds of the said colony eastwards, towards the 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay, agreeably to His Majesty's royal determination 
in council, the 28th day of May, 1746, did, in pursuance thereof, on the 2d day of 
December last past, meet at Pawtucket Falls, in expectation of meeting with com- 
missioners that might be appointed by the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, for 
the purpose, aforesaid ; and after having there tarried till the after part of said day, 
and no commissioners in behalf of the said Province appearing, we proceeded to run 
a due north line from Pawtucket Falls to the south boundary of the aforesaid Prov- 
ince of the Massachusetts Bay, in manner following, viz. : 

From a certain point on the southern side of Pawtucket Falls, where we erected 
a monument of stones, with a stake thereon, we run a meridian line, which directly 
passed through said falls, to a walnut tree on the northerly side of said falls ; then 
to a pitch pine tree ; then to a small white oak ; then to a grey oak ; then to a small 
bush ; then to another small bush, with stones about it ; then to a heap of stones, 
with a stake thereon ; then to a black oak tree ; then to another black oak ; then 
to a small pitch pine ; then to a black oak ; then to a large white oak, near the 



200 KECORUS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1747- 

river, called Abbott's Run ; then to a poplar tree ; then to a heap of stones, -with a 
stake thereon ; then to a large rock, with stones thereon ; then to a small black oak 
tree ; then to a walnut tree ; then to a black oak ; then to divers other marked trees, 
in the said course, to the extremity of the said line ; and when we came near the 
termination of the said line, made a monument of stones, there being no noted south 
boundary of the said Province, near the said line ; and therefore, for the discovery 
of the south boundary of the said Province, upon the best information we could ob- 
tain, proceeded to Wrentham Plain, at or near the place where was formerly erect- 
ed a stake, called Woodward's and Saffery's Stake, as one remarkable south boun- 
dary of the said Province ; and from thence, run a west line, making an allowance 
of eight degrees and an half, as the west variation of the magnetic needle from the 
true meridian ; it being the course of the south line of the said Province, according to 
their charter, (as we apprehended ;) and we then extended the said north line from 
the aforesaid monument, till it intersected the said west line ; and upon the point of 
its intersection, erected a monumentof stones, with a stake thereon, as the north-east 
boundary of that tract of land, commonly called the Gore ; after which, we proceed- 
ed to Bullock's Neck, and on the south-west corner thereof, erected a red cedar 
post, marked with the letters I H C R, with the figure of an anchor thereon; and 
from thence, running a line north-east, making the same allowance for the varia- 
tion, aforesaid, to a black oak tree, marked with the letters G C C R ; then to a large 
white oak, marked with the letters G B C R ; then to a white oak post, set in the 
ground, with a heap of stones around it, marked with the letters G W C R, with 
the figure of an anchor thereon ; being three miles distant from Bullock's Neck, 
aforesaid ; after which, we proceeded to the north-easternmost part of the bay, on 
the west side of Rumstick Neck ; and from a point where a locust post was erected, 
ran a line three miles north-east, with the same allowance for the variation ; and at 
the extremity of the said line, erected a monument of stones ; from which we run a 
line to the north-east extremity of that line, drawn from the south-west corner of 
Bullock's Neck, aforesaid ; the course whereof, being west thirty-eight degrees 
north, according to the magnetic needle, the distance nine hundred and fifty- 
five rods, (marking trees and making other boundaries in the course of said line ;) 
after which we proceeded to the north-east corner of Bristol harbor, and from high 
water mark, which was some rods distant north-east from the bridge, leading to Swan- 
scy Ferry, we run a line three miles north-east, still making the same allowance for 
the variation ; and at the extremity of which line, we erected a monument of 
stones ; then we run a line from the north-east extremity of the line drawn from 
Rumstick, aforesaid, the course whereof being south twenty-five degrees east, till it 
met with the termination of the line drawn from Bristol harbor, aforesaid ; the dis- 
tance whereof, being nine hundred and twenty-seven rods ; and from thence, a 
straight line to the bay, at Sowoset Neck, (making proper boundaries in the course 
of said line ;) after which, we proceeded to the eastern side of the Narragansett 
Bay ; and on the easternmost part of a cove in the said bay, which is southward of 
Nancquastkett, run a line three miles east, (still making the same allowance for the 
variation) ; at the extremity whereof, we marked a gray oak tree, with the letters 
C R, with the figure of an anchor thereon ; after which, we proceeded to the mouth 
of Fall River, and from thence, measured four hundred and forty rods southerly, on 
the shore, as the said shore extended itself from the mouth of said Fall River ; and 
from the point where the said four hundred and forty rods reached, (being east 
thirty-five degree? south of the southernmost point of Shawomet Neck, we run a 



1746.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 201 

line, three miles east, with the same allowance for the variation ; in the course) 
whereof we marked divers trees, and came to a large pond ; on the west of which, 
was a small oak, between two large rocks ; and from thence, measured over the said 
pond, to a bunch of maples, two, whereof, we marked with letters land F, standinfr on 
a place called Ralph's Neck, being the extremity of the said three miles ; from 
thence, we run a line south twenty degrees west, two thousand one hundred and 
twenty-three rods, (making proper boundaries in said line, till we met the termina- 
tion of the three mile Ime ran from the cove, southward of Nancquaskett, aforesaid • 
after which, we proceeded to a place called Church's Cove, in said bay, and ran a 
line three miles east, making the same allowance for the variation, aforesaid ; and 
at the extremity whereof, and near to the sea, we erected a monument of stones • 
and from thence ran a line north, two degrees and a quarter east, one thousand and 
nine hundred and forty-one rods, till it almost met the termination of the said line 
drawn from the first mentioned cove, as aforesaid, making proper boundaries in 
the course of said line. 

The aforegoing is a just account of our proceedings, and report the same, 
accordingly. 

J. HONEYMAN, JR., GIDEON CORNELL, 

GEORGE WANTON, GEORGE BROWN. 

And it is voted and resolved, that the said report be, and it 
is hereby accepted by this Assembly. 

Whereas, the committee of war, in pursuance of an order 
of the General Assembly, made a report to this Assembly, of 
their transactions and proceedings, in respect to sending to An- 
napolis Koyal, the troops raised in this colony, for the intended 
enterprise upon Canada ; and also an acount of their transac- 
tions and proceedings with regard to the colony's sloop, &c.j 
which said report being duly considered ; — 

It is voted and resolved by this Assembly, that the same be, 
and it is hereby accepted. 

Voted, that His Honor, the Governor, be, and he is hereby 
requested to procure of Sir William Pepperell, a certificate of 
what number of soldiers was received from this colony, into the 
garrison of Louisbourg ; of the time of their arrival there, and 
discharge from thence ; as also, how long the colony's sloop Tar- 
tar was employed in the expedition against Cape Breton. 

And His Honor, the Governor, is hereby also requested to 
procure all such other vouchers and certificates, as can be ob- 
tained in this colony, and arc necessary for proving the account 
of the charges the colony has been at in assisting and forward- 
ing the reduction of Cape Breton, &c., and to transmit the 

VOL. V- 20 



202 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1746. 

whole to the colony's agent in Great Britain, as soon as 
possible. 

And it is also voted, that Stephen Hopkins, Esq., be, and he 
is hereby appointed to wait on Sir William Pepperell, in or- 
der to get the certificates by the government desired of him. 

Voted, that the captains of the several companies raised in 
this colony, for the intended expedition against Canada, be, and 
they are hereby empowered to give furloughs to such of their 
soldiers as desire the same, and can be trusted for any space of 
time, not exceeding a fortnight, at one time ; at the end or ex- 
piration of such furlough, the said soldier or soldiers, so fa- 
vored, shall be obliged to appear before his captain, or some 
other officer of his company, at such place as his said captain 
shall appoint. 

And it is also voted, that such soldiers as the captains, afore- 
said, cannot confide in, nor think them fit to be trusted with 
furloughs, or so many of them as the committee of war shall 
think proper, shall be kept at Fort George, with one of the of- 
ficers of said companies, who is to take the entire care of them 
there ; where they shall be maintained oat of the colony's 
stores ; and when any of the said soldiers shall return, upon 
the expiration of their furloughs, he or they, shall have and re- 
ceive what the government allows for his or their subsistence ; 
and the lieutenant colonel is hereby empowered to appoint an 
officer to take care of such soldiers as shall be kept at Fort 
George, from time to time ; and that the captains of each re- 
spective company do render to the lieutenant colonel an ac- 
count of the circumstances his company is in ; and the lieu- 
tenant colonel to the committee of war, once a fortnight. 

God save the Kintr. 



1746.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 203 



Gov. SUrley to Gov. Greene. 

Boston, November 4th, 1746. 
Sir: — I have now the pleasure of informing Your Honor of the French fleet's 
quitting the coast of Nova Scotia, and going off' to the West Indies, and the Cana- 
dians breaking up their camp before the garrison at Annapolis Royal. 

But notwithstanding this, as service of the greatest importance remains yet to be 
done in Nova Scotia, viz. : taking or destroying all the enemy's magazines of warhke 
stores and provisions, at Minas and Chicknecto ; taking all the grain in the country,(ex- 
cept what is wanted by the inhabitants for their present use,) for His iMajesty's ser- 
vice, and the same with respect to their cattle ; by which means, all the inhabitants 
and Indians might be disarmed ; and the latter, together with the Canadians, (in case 
they should return next spring,) be without subsistence, from the country ; driving 
off the Canadians, designed to winter in Minas or Chicknecto, and distressing the 
Indians there ; among whom, a very bad sickness prevails, which has already swept 
o(F hundreds of them ; visiting Chebucto, and seeing what footsteps the French have 
left there ; calling the malcontents, who are the most obnoxious among the French 
inhabitants, to an account for their joining or open correspondence with the enemy> 
and destroying the settlements of such of them as shall abscond ; and perhaps re- 
covering some of the prize vessels and goods taken from the English. 

By all which means, the Canadians would be discouraged from renewing 
their attempts next spring ; the friends to His Majesty's government in that Prov- 
ince confirmed in their fidelity, the abettors of the French interest diminished, and 
deterred from open or even secret acts of hostility, and the Indians very much har- 
rassed and disabled from giving the enemy the usual assistance ; so that if the Can- 
adians should repeat their visit in the spring, they would not be able to make any 
progress in the country, to the disadvantage of the garrison. 

I say as all these services, which have so plain a tendency to settle the lasting se- 
curity of the Province, remain yet to be done ; and this fall is the only opportunity 
for doing it ; and I am informed by persons well acquainted with the seasons in 
Nova Scotia, that the winter is not yet too far advanced, for doing this with a prob- 
able prospect of the men's returning afterwards, this winter. 

I have determined to send the reinforcement of five companies, which I proposed 
before my receiving the last advices ; some of which, are already sailed, and others 
o-o to-day, and the rest in two days, at farthest ; and I hope Your Honor, if your 
three companies are not already sailed, will order them to proceed forthwith. 

If our endeavors are attended with success at this critical conjuncture, as I hope 
they will, it will be a most beneficial service for His Majesty and the colonics. 

1 am iu haste ; the post waiting. 

Your Honor's most obedient humble servant, 

W. SHIRLEY. 

To Governor Greene. 



204 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1747- 



Proceedings of the General AssemUy, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the 21th day 
of January, 1746-7. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor, 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act for incorporating the inhabitants of the lands lately 
taken into this colony, by the settlement of the eastern boun- 
daries, into five townships. 

Whereas, His Majesty has been graciously pleased by his 
royal determination, to settle the eastern boundaries of this 
colony, whereby several large tracts of land, and a great 
number of inhabitants are taken under the jurisdiction of this 
government ; and it being absolutely necessary for the well 
governing the said people, that the said tracts of land, with the 
inhabitants thereon, be set off and incorporated into townships, 
and the same being conveniently situated for the making of 
five townships ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, and by 
the authority of the same, it is enacted, that the aforesaid 
tracts of land, with the inhabitants thereon, be set off and in- 
corporated into five towns in the following manner, viz. : 

All that part, which heretofore has been called Bristol, with 
the inhabitants thereon, be set off and incorporated into a town- 
ship, by the name of Bristol ; and that that part which was 
heretofore [known] as part of Tiverton, with a part of Dart- 
mouth and Freetown, adjoining thereto, be incorporated into a 
township, by the name of Tiverton ; and that part which has 
heretofore been a -part of Little Compton, and a part of Dart- 
mouth, thereto adjoining, be incorporated into a township, by 
the name ■.£ Little Compton j and that the line wlii.li formerly 



1747.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 205 

divided Tiverton from Little Compton, be extended easterly, 
to the colony line, and the whole to be dividing lines between 
said towns ; and that part which has heretofore been a part of 
Swansey and Barrington, with a small part of Rehoboth there- 
to adjoining, with the inhabitants thereon, be incorporated into 
a township, by the name of Warren ; and that part which has 
been commonly called and known by the name of the Gore of 
Land, with the inhabitants thereon, be into a township, by the 
name of Cumberland ; and that the inhabitants of each respec- 
tive town, for the time being, shall have and enjoy equal liber- 
ties and privileges with the other towns in this colony, agreea. 
bly to our charter. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that a 
special justice of the peace, be chosen and appointed in each of 
the above mentioned towns, to keep Ilis Majesty's peace ; and 
to call the inhabitants of the respective towns together, by a 
warrant, to meet on the second Tuesday in Februrary next, to 
choose such town officers as are directed by the laws of this 
colony ; and also deputies, to represent said towns at the ad- 
journment of this Assembly. 

And that the said justices bo commissionated by His Honor, 
the Governor, and to continue till the next session of the As- 
sembly; and that the general treasurer furnish each of the 
above mentioned towns with a colony law book ; and that the 
secretary send to each of the said towns a copy of the late act 
of Assembly, directing the manner of making freemen, and 
regulating the method of voting ; and that said law books and 
copies of said act, be delivered to the above mentioned justices 
as soon as conveniently may be. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
every man, inhabiting within the above mentioned towns of 
Bristol, Tiverton, Little Compton, Warren and Cumberland, 
who is possessed of lands or real estate, sufficient by the laws 
of this colony, to qualify him for a freeman, and the eldest 
sons of all such freeholders, be, and they are hereby declared 
freemen of the respective towns, and also of this colony ; and 



20G RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISL.VND [1747. 

to govern themselves in voting, agreeably to the laws of this 
colon3^ 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the following persons be, and they are hereby chosen and ap- 
pointed special justices of the peace, for the above mentioned 
towns, viz. : 

Jonathan Peck, Esq., for the town of Bristol ; John Man- 
chester, Esq., for the town of Tiverton ; William Richmond, 
Esq., for the town of Little Compton ; Matthew Allen, Esq., for 
the town of Warren ; and Job Bartlett, Esq., for the town of 
Cumberland. 

God save the King. 

Governor Slihicy to Governor Greene. 

Boston January, 5, 1746-7. 

Sir : — This will be delivered you by Lieut. Wilkinson, from whom, as well as by 
a letter from Col. Kinnicutt, I am sorry to learn that the levies of your jjovernmcnt 
are at length, by a train of cross accidents and disasters, prevented from going upon 
His Majesty's service to Annapolis Eoyal ; for which, both your government and 
the troops have shown so ready a disposition ; I can't say but that I think after 
having been so greatly weakened, and reduced by sickness and deaths, as I under- 
stood the three companies are, that your officers judged right in not venturing them 
upon a passage to Annapolis in so extreme and wintry a season as the present has 
proved ; since, in all probability, it would have destroyed many of the soldiers, and 
the few that had survived it, might have been rather a burthen than of service, to the 
garrison ; I heartily wish those of them, who are sailed for Newport, a safe arrival 
there ; and that the sick among them, and those left at Martha's Vineyard, may 
recover. 

Mr. Wilkinson informs me that some deserters from your levies are suspected to 
be concealed in this government ; if there is any possibility of getting at them, I 
will take care the}' shall be secured for you, upon my being apprised when any of 
them may be apprehended. 

I took the first opportunity of laying before the Assembly of this Province, the copy 
of His Majesty's order in council, for settling the boundary line between the Prov. 
incc and colony, together with the act of your government, appointing commission- 
ers to join with those of this government, in running and marking the line accord- 
ingly; and of recommending to them forthwith to choose commissioners for that 
purpose ; which 1 hope they will readily do. When it is done, I shall transmit you 
the first notice of it, that I can. 

I .ini, with dill' regani sir, 

Your Honor's olxdi. nl hiimblc servant, 

To His Excellency, Gov. Greene. W. SHIRLEY. 



1747.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 207 

P. S. I hope that eight hundred of the Massachusetts levies arc all, long before 
this, safely arrived at Annapolis, with a great quantity of snow shoes ; as also the 
two New Hampshire companies ; and that they may be a force sufficient for the 
pui'poses of His Majesty's service there. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhl// held for the Colon?/ of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations^ at Providence, the 17 th 
day of February, 1746-47. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Thomas Ward was chosen secretary, for the remaining part 
of the current year, in the room of the late James Martin, 
Esq., deceased, and engaged, according to law. 

His Honor, the Governor, presented two letters from His 
Excellency, William Shirley, Esq., Governor of the Massachu- 
setts, for the consideration of this Assembly ; who having duly 
weighed the same, are of opinion, that (notwithstanding they 
are desirous of contributing every thing in their power for His 
Majesty's service,) this colony cannot, as the case is circum- 
stanced, comply with His Excellency's request, for sending the 
troops of His Majesty, now in this government, to Hudson's 
River, to join the other troops there assembled, in order to 
make an attempt against Crown Point, because the colony has 
no provision or stores on said river, and the navigation thereof, 
is impracticable at this season of the year ; neither can the 
troops be sent to Annapolis Royal, as desired by His Excel- 
lency, ill His second letter, because the time by him proposed 
for their arrival there, is so very short, that it is impossible to 
procure transports, provisions, stores, &c., timely ; and also, the 
colony's sloop is much out of repair, and no hands belong to 
her, the late crew being discharged ; so that the troops, if 
sent, must go without convoy ; moreover, the troops them- 



208 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1747. 

selves, are in uo capacity of going, being greatly enfeebled, 
and lessened=-= in numbers by sickness and desertion, in the late 
attempt to go to Annapolis. 

An Act incorporating the towns of Bristol and Warren into one 
distinct county, and for establishing a court of general ses- 
sions of the peace, and inferior court of common pleas, in 
said county, and ascertaining the times and places of holding 
the same. 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of this colony, and 
by the authority of. the same it is enacted, that the towns of 
Bristol and Warren, be, and they are hereby incorporated and 
made a county ; and shall be called and known by the name 
of the county of Bristol; and Bristol shall be the county 
town. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
there shall be held and kept yearly and every year, for said 
county, in the town of Bristol, on the first Tuesday in July, 
and first Tuesday in January, a court of general sessions 
of the peace, by the justices of the peace, of said county, any five 
of whom shall be a quorum ; and an inferior court of common 
pleas, by five skillful persons, to be annually appointed by the 
General Assembly ; any three of whom, shall be a quorum ; 
said courts to be held in the same manner, and to have the 
same power in all respects, as the other courts of general ses- 
sions of the peace, and inferior courts of common pleas in this 
colony have. 

And be it furtlier enacted by the authority, aforesaid, that 
the town of Bristol shall send to the said court of general ses- 
sions of peace, seven grand jurors ; and to both said courts, six 
petit jurors; and tie town of Warren shall send six grand ju- 
rors to the said court of general sessions of the peace, and six 
petit jurors, to both said courts. 



* On the 10th February, Gov. Shh-ley, wrote to Gov. Greene, that the government of 
New York liad determined not to send an expedition against Crown Point tliis winter, an 
tliat lie liad, in consequcnec, eountcrmanded his orders to the Massaehnsetts troops.— J 

u. i;. 



1747.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 209 

And be it further enacted by the authority, aforesaid, that 
there be annually chosen by the General Assembly of this col- 
ony, one clerk for said court of general sessions of the peace, 
and inferior court of common pleas, and one sheriif for said 
county. 

An Act for annexing the towns of Tiverton and Little Comp- 

ton to the county of Newport, and Cumberland to the county 

of Providence. 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of this colony, and 
by the authority of the same it is enacted, that the towns of 
Tiverton and Little Compton be annexed to the county of New- 
port ; and that the town of Cumberland be annexed to the 
county of Providence. 

God save the King. 

Governor Shirley to Governor Greene. 

Boston, February 7, 1747. 

Sir: — By my last advices from Albany, I find the condition of the troops of the 
Southern colonies, now on Hudson's River, as to their state of health and numbers, 
and the strong disposition of the Indians of the Six Nations to join with us in the 
attempt against Crown Point, and the danger of utterly losing these Nations, and 
their falling off to the French, (which will be of the most fatal consequence to all 
the Northern English colonies,) to be such, that I am now fixed in my resolution to 
push forward this enterprise with all imaginable diligerce ; and as the government 
of Connecticut has declined to join their forces with ours, which will much lessen the 
numbers we expected, I must earnestly desire Your Honor to send forward to our 
rendezvous on Hudson's Eiver, as many of the troops of your government in His 
Majesty's pay, as you can furnish out for this service. 

The success of this enterprise being of the utmost importance, I trust you will do 
every thing in your power to promote it. 

You have herewith enclosed, a copy of Mr. Johnson's letter o Mr. Lydius, and 
of the advice of our Assembly to me, in this affair. 

I am, sir. Your Honor's very humble servant, 

W. SHIRLEY. 

To the Hon. William Greene, Esq. 

VOL. V. 27 



210 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1747. 



Sir WiUicim Jolmsou. to Mr. John H. Lydim. 

Mount Johnson, January 26, 1 746-7. 

Sir: — By yours, received last night, by Brant, I find you intend shortly to leave 
for Boston ; and as I cannot have the pleasure of seeing you before you set off', I 
wish you a prosperous journey, and safe return. 

Two days a^o, I received a letter from Mr. Clinton, telling me the forwardness 
of the New England troops, and desiring mc to prepare as many Indian warriors as 
possible, to assist our forces in the reduction of Crown Point, which I heartily wish 
to see ; and should not make the least doubt of it, were our people so active as our 
neighbors, the New Englanders, who daily set us good examples, had we the grace 
to follow it. 

I have now sent several of my ofHcers among the Upper Nations, to prepare them, 
but have fixed on no certain time, fearing a disappointment ; I had the two next 
castles assembled yesterday, and do assure you that nothing could give me more plea- 
sure, than to see the willingness they showed, of joining us, whenever required ; the 
sooner they say, the better ; lor they are almost in despair, or out of patience so 
bng waiting. 

I make not the least doubt of bringing as many in the field as will be sufficient 
for that enterprise ; I only wish our forces were all so ready and willing. I am 
much hurried ; so haveonly time to assure you of my best wishes for you, Mrs. 
Lydius, &c. ; and am, sir. 

Your most obedient humble servant. WM. JOHNSON. 

To Mr. John H. Lydius, at Albany. 



Gov. Shirley to Gov. Greene. 

Boston, February 9, 174G-7. 

Sir ; — I have this morning received advices from Lieut. Governor Mascarene, 
that Mons'r Rawson, who was posted at Manis, with above six hundred Canadians, 
and Indians, was, upon the arrival of the reinforcement sent from hence, retired to 
Sekenecta; and Col. Noble, with a body of about five hundred men, consisting 
principally of some of those troops I sent from hence, is now at Manis ; but the re- 
[lorts of the number of the enemy (being j'cpresented as much superior to Col. No- 
ble,) makes him cautious of pushing them without some further reinforcement. 

I am informed that the enemy will not be able to get oiT before April ; and 1 
hope our troops will be strong enough to hinder their retreat fill the English can 
have some further strength from these colonies. 

It appears to me, bj- what advices I have had, that if it had not been for the mis- 
fortune that happened to the companies from your colony, and my last company, 
bound to Annapolis Royal.who were cast away at Mont Desert, and above one half of 
them drowned and frozen ; and the New Hampshire company, under Capt. Mitch- 
ell, (instead of returning to Annapolis, from St. Johns, according to order,) going 
back to New Hampshire, our troops would have either entirely drove the French 
forces into the vroods, where they must perish if they stay lone, or have made them 
all prisoners of war. 



1747.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 211 



And as Your Honor is sensible this is a matter of the utmost importance to the 
safety of Nova Scotia, and for securing our conquest of Cape Breton, and tlie sea- 
son is advancing when the navigation in those parts will be much safer than it has 
been in the months past, I must earnestly desire Your Honor, that in case you find 
any difficulty in sending your troops in the King's pay to Crown Point, you would 
not fail of sending them as soon as they may be got ready, to Annapolis Koyal, for 
this necessary service. 

And I must urge this with greater importunity, because (having already upwards 
of seven hundred men in Nova Scotia.) 1 am not able to spare a man more ; the re- 
mainder of our troops, being absolutely necessary to be employed for the reduction of 
Crown Point, to which place I have given orders that they should march with all 
possible expedition. I shall also press the Governor of New Hampshire to order the 
companies (raised there for the expedition,) to Annapolis Koyal. 

If we can make ourselves strong enough, I hope your soldiers will be detained 
but a short time upon this service. However, I shall continue my troops here, in 
hopes of a reinforcement from you. 

The ready spirit which the government of Rhode Island showed, for assisting in 
this important service, upon my first application to Your Honor for that purpose, 
leaves no room to doubt, but that they will exert it now with equal vigor, and not 
let slip so fair an opportunity of employing the same companies, or what maybe 
left of them, so beneficially for His Majesty's service, and the general good of the 
colonies ; and so acceptably to His Majesty, as the sending these companies to An- 
napolis Royal, would be, at this most critical juncture. 

If the troops arrive there by the second or beginning of the third week in 
March, it would be in time, though the sooner the better: they need not stay at 
Annapolis long. 

I am with due respect, sir. 

Your very humble servant, W. SHIRLEY. 

To the Hon. William Greene. 



Gov. Greene to Gov. Shirley. 

Providence, 20th February, 1746-7. 

Sir : — Immediately on the receipt of Your Excellency's letter of the 7th current, 
pressing that His Majesty's troops, in this colony, might be sent to Hudson's River, 
in order to join those of the Southern colonies, &c., in an attempt against Crown 
Point, I issued out my warrant, to summon the General Assem'oly to meet at this place 
on the 17th instant; but before they met, I had the honor of Your Excellency's let- 
ter, of the 9th, e.xpressing your desire, that the troops here, may be sent to An- 
napolis Royal, if I should find any difficulty in sending them to Crown Point. 

The Assembly met accordingly, when I recommended both of Your Excellency's 
letters to their consideration ; but they came to a resolution, that, as this colony has 
no provisions nor stores on Hudson's River, and the navigation of that river is im- 
practicable at this season of the year, it is not possible to send the troops thither, as 
desired. 

As for sending them to Annapolis, the Assembly is of opinion, that the time pro- 
posed by Your Excellency for them to be at Annapolis, is so short, that we cannot 
procure transports, provisions, &c., in time. 



212 KECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1747. 

AVhat increases this great difficulty, is, that the troops are greatly enfeebled and 
lessen('d in numbers, by sickness and desertion, in the late attempt to go to Annap- 
olis. Moreover, the people of the colony's sloop are discharged, and the vessel it- 
self so much out of repair, that it cannot go for convoy ; for which reasons, the 
troops cannot be sent to Annapolis at this juncture. 

This is the determination of the General Assembly, which I am directed to In- 
form Your E.Kcellency of, and am, with due respects, 

Your Excellency's very humble servant, 

WILLIAM GREENE. 

To Governor Shirley. 

The Secretary of Massaehuseits Bay to Governor Greene. 

Boston, March 5, 1747. 

Sir : — I am directed by the General Court here, to apprjse Your Honor of the 
advice we have from our agent, by the ship from London, yesterday, that a grant 
was made in Parliament, on Friday, the 4th of December last, of £10,200,000, for 
the current year ; £800,000 of which, is for paying the charge of taking and keep- 
ing Cape Breton, by the people of New England ; and the charge of raising forces 
for the expedition that was designed against Canada. 

There have been some proposals and endeavors, that the payment might be made 
by debentures; nothing seems so likely to prevent it, as applying the money grant- 
ed to redeem and finish our fatal paper currency, so absoluely necessary to the es- 
tablishment and preservation of justice in our commerce, and so much for the in- 
terest of Great Britain, as well as ourselves. 

This, we are very sensible cannot be done eiTectually, without the meeting of the 
several Assemblies, interested in this grant ; it is therefore hoped that Your Honor 
will call your General Court together as soon as may be, that the meeting of cemmis- 
sioners may not be put ofT beyond the time proposed, viz. : the 12th of April next, 
in order to their being assured at home very soon, that this money will be so wisely 
applied, and for a purpose so absolutely inconsistent with debentures, or any dila- 
tory methods of payment. 

I am, with great respect, sir. 

Your Honor's most humble and most obedient servant, 

JOSIAH WILLARD. 

To the Hon. Governor Greene. 

P. S. The agent's letter was dated the 10th December, and sent to Ports- 
mouth a few days before the ship sailed. 



[The following Public Laws, passed during the year 174C, are printed at 
length in the volume of public laws, published in 1747, unless repealed previous 
to that time.] 

An Act for suspending the execution of Nathaniel Alcock. (May.) 
An Act in addition to an act, entitled " An act for regulating appeals to His 
Majesty in council, in Great Britain." (July.) 



1747.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 213 

An Act directing the manner of admitting freemen, and for preventing bribery and 
corruption in the election of public officers, in the colony. (August.) 

An Act in amendment of an act, for preventing bribery and corruption. (Sep- 
tember.) 



Proceedings of the General Assemhlt/, held for the Colony of Ixhode 
Island and Providence Plantations^ at Neivport, the 6th day 
of May, 1747. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. Abraham Redwood, Mr. Philip Greene, 

Mr, Stephen Brownell, Mr. Daniel Coggeshall, 

Mr. Robert Lawton, Mr. Jeoffrey Watson. 
Mr. James Arnold, 

Mr. Sam'l Wickham, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyndon, clerk. 

The persons whose names here follow, having taken the oath, 
or affirmation, prescribed by the law of this colony against 
bribery and corruption, are hereby admitted to give their votes 
to choose officers for their respective towns ; and also to give 
their votes for the choice of the general officers in the 
colony. 

[Here follow many hundred names, which are omitted.] 

God save the King. 



214 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND 



[1747. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhly, held for ihe Colour/ of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the first Wednes- 
day of Maij, 1747. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 



DEPUTLES. 



Neivport. 
Mr. Samuel Wickham, 
Capt. Walter Chaloner, 
Mr. Thomas Cranston, 
Mr. John Channing, 
Capt. Jonathan Nichols, 
Mr. James Sheffield. 

Providence. 
Mr. George Brown, 
Mr. Elisha Brown, 
Mr. Stephen Hopkins, 
Mr. Ezekiel Warner. 
Portsmouth. 
Mr. Benjamin Tucker, 
Mr. Joseph ]\Iartin, 
Mr. Gideon Freeborn, Jr.. 
^Ir. Benjamin Hickes. 

WanvicJc. 
Mr. John Greene, 
Col. Benoni Waterman. 
Mr. John Iloldon, 
Mr. Joseph Lippitt. 

Wcstcrlf/. 
]\Ir. Joshua Babcock. 
Capt. William Pendleton. 



Neiv Shoreham. 
Capt. Robert Hull, 
Mr. John Littlefield. 

North Kingstoivn. 
Col. Immanuel Northup, 
Mr. Edward Dyre, Jr. 

South Kingstown. 
Capt. Robert Hassard, 
Mr. Benjamin Peckham, Jr. 

East Greemvich. 
Capt. Joseph Nichols, 
Mr. John Spenser, 
Jamestown. 
Mr. Thomas Carr, 
Mr. John Martin. 

Smithfield. 
Mr. Thomas Lapham. 
Mr. Jonathan Arnold. 

Scitiiate. 
Capt. Job Randall. 
Mr. John Fisk. 

Glocester. 
Mr. Richard Steere. 
]Mr. Abraham Tourtellott. 



1747.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



215 



Charlestotmi. 
Col. Joseph Stanton, 
Capt, William Clarke, Jr. 

West Greemvich. 
Mr. Jeremiah Ellis, 
Mr. John Spencer, 2d. 

Coventry. 
Capt. Thomas Stafford, 
Capt. Abel Potter. 

Exeter. 
Capt. John Weight, 
Mr. Benoni Gardner. 

Mlddletown. 
Mr. Hobert Nichols, 
Mr. John Taylor. 



DEPUTIES. 

Bristol. 
Mr. Thomas Greene. 

Tiverton. 
Capt. John Manchester. 
Mr. John Rowland. 
Little Compton. 
Capt. John Hunt, 
Mr. William Wilbore. 

Warren. 
Mr. Matthew Allen, 
Mr. Samuel Miller. 
Cumberland. 
Mr. Job Bartlett, 
Mr. Samuel Bartlett. 



Mr. Sam'l Wickham, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyndon, clerk 

The following officers declared elected, were duly engaged. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Governor. 

The Hod. William Robinson, Deputy Governor. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Mr. Benjamin Haszard, 
Capt. George Wanton, 
Mr. William Rhodes, 
Mr. Jonathan Randall, 
Mr. Benjamin Tucker, 



Mr. Gideon Durfey, 
Mr. Joseph Edmonds, 
Mr. Ephraim Gardner, 
Mr. Jeremiah Niles. 
Mr. William Richmond. 



SECRETARY. 

Mr. Thomas Ward. 

ATTORNEY GENERAL. 

Mr. Daniel Updike. 



GENERAL TREASURER. 

Mr. John Gardner. 



216 RECORDS Of THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1747. 

It is voted and resolved, that the colony's sloop Tartar, be 
immediately put in commission, and manned with ninety able 
bodied men, including officers ; and that their wages be as fol- 
io we th, to wit: 

Those of the officers, the same as when last stated ; those of 
such of the foremost men, as are seamen, at £14 per month ; 
and such others of them, as are not seamen, at £12 per 
month. 

And that the said sloop shall cruise in consort with the Con- 
necticut colony sloop, according to the order and instructions 
which shall from time to time be given the captain ; and His 
Honor, the Governor, is hereby requested to give His Honor, 
the Governor of Connecticut, information hereof, forthwith. 

It is voted and resolved, and the captain of Fort George is 
hereby directed to enlist, as soon as may be, thirty men, to 
serve as soldiers, at said fort, upon the same monthly wages, as 
were allowed the soldiers there last year, with an allowance of 
twenty shillings per week, board wages, for each of them ; and 
in case a sufficient number of men be not enlisted, in fifteen 
days, from the rising of this Assembly, the field officers of the 
county of Newport shall have granted them a warrant from 
His Honor, the Governor, and thereby cause so many men as 
will make up and complete that number, to be impressed in 
the county of Newport, for that purpose. 

God save the King. 

Governor Shirley to Governor Jf anion. 

Boston, May 18, 174 7. 

Sir : — This goes to inform Your Honor, that by despatches I have received from 
Albany and Northamjjton, I find that the Indians of the Six Nations are gen 
erally spirited to go to war against the French of Canada ; that divers parties are 
now out, and others daily offering themselves, which is a point the governments of 
New England (especially those of the Massachusetts and Connecticut,) have been 
laboring to carry ever since the first of the war ; and if this spirit be duly cherished 
and properly managed and directed, it may, by the blessing of God, prove of un- 
speakable benefit for the safety of these colonies. 

I refer Your Honor to an extract from Col. Stoddard's letter to mo, for a more 
particular account of this affair ; only I would observe, that Col. Johnson and Mr. 
Lydius, whose influence on the Indians has brought about this great event, are un- 



1747.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 217 

der such engagements, as they are not able to fulfill ■without proper supplies from 
these governments ; and if for want of that, the Indians should suffer any disap- 
pointment, it is more than probable that they will be disgusted at their being left in 
the lurch by us, and will fall entirely into the interests of the French, which will be 
more fatal to these colonies than any thing that has yet befallen us. 

Now, as there is no General Court in being in this Province, we can do nothing, 
at present, for the furnishing these gentlemen ; though our General Court has en- 
trusted Mr. Lydius with this affair, and have undertaken to supply him with a con- 
siderable sum for this service, and he has made his drafts for the payment, which 
will be done ; but the parties of Indians come so fast upon him and Mr. Johnson, to 
be fitted out for this service, that what they will receive at present from this gov- 
ernment, will be a very inconsiderable part of what they are under engagements 
for ; and the gentlemen seem to apprehend that there is great danger of their being 
ruined, and the common cause suffering the greatest damage that we can conceive 
of, unless they be relieved from these governments. 

I doubt not, sir, but your General Court, will, in this critical conjuncture, I'eadily 
make proper supplies for the encouragement of the Indians of the Six Nations, for 
prosecuting this war, and for keeping these gentlemen in heart till an agreement 
may be made between the governments to apportion the charge that has arisen or 
may arise in this important affair, among themselves ; and I shall lay this matter 
before our General Court, at their first meeting, and am fully persuaded they will 
cheerfully fall into all the measures necessary for promoting this important 
interest. 

You will please to lay these matters before your Assembly as soon as possible, 
and let me know their resolutions on this affair. 
I am, with great regard, sir. 

Your most obedient humble servant, 

W. SHIRLEY. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Esq. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly ^ held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport, the second Tues- 
day in June, 1747. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Governor. 

The Hon. William Robinson, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

It is voted and resolved, that Jeremiah Niles, Esq., Samuel 
Wickham, Esq., and Mr. John Channing, be, and they are here- 
by appointed a committee, to draw up the draft of an answer 

VOL. V. 28 



218 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1747. 

to the letters written by His Excellency, William Shirley, 
Esq., Governor of the iNIassachusetts, to this government, re- 
questing the colony to bear a part of the charge and expense 
of encouraging and fitting out the Six Nations of Indians, to 
prosecute the war against the French ; and therein to insert 
the reasons why this government declines entering into the 
same ; which letter, when by the said committee so drawn, His 
Honor, the Governor, is requested to sign, and expedite to Mr. 
Shirley. 

His Honor, the Governor, is desired by this Assembly, to 
write and send to Sir William Pepperell, and endeavor to pro- 
cure of him a certificate of the number of soldiers which were 
received from this colony into the garrison of Louisbourg ; of 
the time of their arrival there, and discharge from thence ; and 
also, how long the colony's sloop Tartar was employed in the 
expedition against Cape Breton, and retained in the service, 
after its reduction. 

His Honor is also requested to procure all such other certifi- 
cates and vouchers as can be obtained in this colony, as may 
be necessary for rendering the accounts of charges the colony 
hath been at (respecting the aforesaid expedition,) clear and 
plain ; and when the said certificates, vouchers, &c., are pro- 
cured, His Honor is requested to transmit the same, duly 
authenticated, to JNIr. Partridge, the colony's agent, in Great 
Britain, as soon as possible. 

And Stephen Hopkins, Esq., is hereby appointed and desired 
to wait on Sir William Pepperell, with His Honor, the Gov- 
ernor's letter, and to exert himself to procure the aforemen- 
tioned certificates. 

The commissioners appointed by the General Assembly of 
this colony, to run and mark out the bounds of the colony, east- 
ward, toward the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, having 
performed that service, and made report to the Assembly, of 
their doings thereon, at a former session, which was accepted 
now presented an account of the expense they were at, in per- 
forming the service, and prayed that they and the persons by 
them employed therein, might have satisfaction made them, out 



1747.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 219 

of the general treasury ; which account, amounting to £500 
I85. id., being duly examined, is allowed by this Assembly. 

And it is thereupon voted and resolved, that the said sum 
shall be paid out of the general treasury, to Mr. James Honey- 
man, Jr., to, and for the use of himself and the others con- 
cerned ; each of whom, shall have out of the same, the sum set 
against his name. 

God save the King. 

Governor l^ldrleu to Governor Wanton. 

Boston, June 29tli, 1747. 

Sir : — This will inform Your Honor that this government, taking into considera- 
tion the great danger which ail His Majesty's colonies in North America are in (as 
well as their own particular danger,) of being in time destroyed by the French, and 
Indians, under their influence, without a firm union, between themselves, for their 
mutual defence, and for weakening and destroying the power of the enemy ; and 
more especially for driving the French from the borders of the Province of New 
York ; and this Province has appointed commissioners to meet in a congress, to be 
held at New York, on the 2d day of September next, with such commissioners as 
may be appointed by all His Majesty's governments, from New Hampshire to Vir- 
ginia, inclusively ; then and there to treat and agree upon measures for encourag- 
ing the Indians of the Six Nations vigorously to prosecute their incursions on the 
enemy ; as also to agree upon the method and proportion of raising men and 
money, for carrying on the war, both offensively and def<3nsively ; and to project 
and settle such enterprises and plans of operation as the common interest shall re- 
quire. 

Your Honor will, I doubt not, duly consider the great importance of this matter, 
and represent it in the strongest light to your Assembly, that they may see not only 
how deeply His Majesty's interest in general is concerned, but that their own par- 
ticular safety will be soon much affected by the growing power of the French ; and 
more especially the hazard there is, that they will bring the Six Nations into their 
interest, in case they are not forthwith most vigorously supported by the English, 
without which, it will be a very little while before the Southern as well as the 
Northern colonies will be exposed to their fury. And therefore I would earnestly 
recommend it to the several governments separately to make provision without de- 
lay, for the encouragement of the Six Nations, till the congress can be held ; this 
government having already advanced many large sums of money, and still continu- 
ing to do more for this service. Your Honor will be pleased to give me seasonable 
advice of the resolution of your government on this most important affair. 

I am, sir, Your Honor's most obedient and most humble servant, 

W. SHIRLEY. 

To the Hon. Gideon Wanton, Esq. 

P. S. I am to acknowledge the receipt of the favor of your answer to my last 
letter. 



220 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1747. 



Gov. Wanton to Gov. Shirley. 

Newport, July 3, 1747. 
Sir : — I received your favor of 29th June, and now acquaint Your Excellency, 
that it is not in my power to do any thing otherwise than to represent the matters 
therein contained, in as strong terms as I can, to our General Assembly, which 
will meet by adjournment, the second Tuesday in August ; and then I shall be ca- 
pable of acquainting Your Excellency of their resolutions thereupon. 

I am, sir, your humble servant, 

GIDEON WANTON. 
To Governor Shirlev. 



Proceedings of iJie General Assemblt/, held for the Colon?/ of Rhode 
Ishnd and Providence Plantations, at JSfeivport, the third Tues- 
day of August, 1747. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Governor. 

The Hon, William Robinson, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act for incorporating the north part of the town of Charles- 
town, in King's county, into a township, the same to be dis- 
tinguished and known by the name of Richmond. 
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of this colony, and 
by the authority thereof it is enacted, that the town of Charles- 
town, in the county of Kings county, &c., be divided into two 
towns, by a river that runs across said town, known by the 
name of Pawcatuck River ; all the lands to the southward of 
said river, shall retain the name of Charlestown ; and that all 
the lands to the northward of said river, be, and hereby is in- 
corporated into a township, by the name of Richmond ; and to 
have and enjoy the like privileges, as other towns in this 
colony. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, tiat 
each of said towns shall have, and receive a proportion of the 
money in, and belonging to the treasury of said Charlestown, 



1747.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 221 

according to the money for which the lands in each town is 
mortgaged to the colony ; and that all justices of the peace 
and military officers, living within the bounds of said new town, 
called Richmond, retain their authority, and act as such there- 
in, until the next general election ; and that the eldest justice 
of each of said towns is hereby empowered to grant forth their 
warrants to some proper officer, whom they shall appoint, to 
warn the inhabitants of said towns to assemble and meet to- 
gether in some proper place, in said town, on Friday, the 28th 
day of this instant August, in order to choose deputies, to rep- 
resent them at the October session of this Assembly ; and also, 
to choose town officers for said towns, agreeably to the laws of 
this colony ; and that each town shall send one grand juror, 
and one petit juror, to each of the inferior and superior courts, 
in Kings county. 

It is voted, that the commissary be, and he is hereby ordered 
to draw up an account of all the charges and expenses the 
colony hath been at in raising three companies for the expedi- 
tion intended against Canada, (excepting the bounty of £50 to 
a man,) and present the same to Edward Scott, Samuel Wick- 
ham and Peter Bours, Esqs., who are hereby appointed a com- 
mittee to inspect and examine the same : and that the commis- 
sary give his affidavit or engagement to said account, and pro- 
cure all such vouchers and other papers and evidences as shall 
be necessary, to establish the credit thereof; and that when 
the business is perfected, the whole shall be sent to the colo- 
ny's agent in Great Britain. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, be, 
and he is hereby empowered to draw bills of exchange, paya- 
ble to the agent, for the amount of said account, on the lords 
commissioners of the treasury, or others, on whom the pay- 
ment thereof shall be incumbent ; and that the money when 
received, shall remain in the agent's hands until the General 
Assembly shall order the disposal thereof 

And His Honor, the Governor, is also hereby empowered to 
draw bills on the agent for so much money as the colony hath 
advanced to the officers and soldiers of the said three compa- 



222 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1747. 

nies, towards their wages, and for the soldiers' clothing ; and 
that said bills be made payable to those merchants in the town 
of Newport, that lent the colony the said money. 

Whereas, Sarah Ninegret, widow of George Ninegret, late 
sachem of the Narragansett tribe of Indians, deceased, and 
mother and natural guardian to Thomas Ninegret, an infant 
the present sachem of said tribe of Indians, with Tobe}^ Co- 
heys, Samuel Niles, John Trask, William Sachem, Ephraim 
Coheys, ISIoses Hammond, James Niles and Harry Copper, 
Avho were appointed by the said tribe of Indians, councillors 
for the present sachem, Thomas Ninegret, in behalf of this sa- 
chem, themselves and people of said tribe of Indians, represent- 
ed to this Assembly, that they, at the last sitting of this 
Assembly, in JMay last, did prefer a petition to said Assembly, 
setting forth the deplorable condition they are brought to, by 
means of some gentlemen, namely : Joseph Whipple, Daniel 
Coggeshall, Samuel Perry, John Spencer and David Anthony, 
Esqs., who, as they are informed, were appointed by the Gen- 
eral Assembly, trustees, at its session, A. D. 1746, for the man- 
agement of the rents and profits of the estate, said by some to 
be submitted to this government by the late Ninegret, sachem, 
deceased, in the year 1713 ; but without the desire, consent, 
request or knowledge of the said Sarah, and the said council- 
lors or sachem, whicli was always usual, and such appointment 
was always at the request of the sachem and his council ; and 
having set forth in said petition, that the said trustees, without 
the knowledge and consent of the sachem or any of the coun- 
cillors, have leased out the land, which was always kept and 
reserved for the tribe of Indians, for planting of corn and rais- 
ing other necessaries for their support. 

iVnd tlie said Sarah and councillors further declared, that it 
is not only their fields and improvements that they have 
fenced, and liave been at great labor and charge in making 
said fences tliat are rented out from them ; but also, as they 
are credibly informed, the wood land, which was alwaj^s kept 
and reserved for the tribe of Indians for fire wood ; and also 
the sachem's cedar swamp is rented out, which was always 



1747.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 223 

kept and reserved for the tribe of Indians, to cut stuff and sell 
the same ; and the said Sarah and councillors apprehend that 
when the General Assembly appointed the above named trus- 
tees, for the care and management of the rents and profits of 
the estate submitted to this government, in the year 1713, by 
tne late Ninegret, sachem, deceased, that the General Assembly 
had no design nor intent to give the said trustees power to 
lease out the sachem's land without his knowledge and con- 
sent, and the knowledge and advice of his council ; and they 
likewise apprehended that the submission made by tlie sachem 
in the year 1713, (if any was made by him in that year,) doth 
not give the said trustees or any others, power to lease out the 
sachem's land without his knowledge and consent ; they also 
informed this Assembly -that the gentlemen who were trustees 
to the late sachems, deceased, never leased out any of the said 
sachems' land without first having the leave and consent of 
the sachem and his council ; and as this Assembly have it in 
their power to relieve them in this, their distressed condition 
for they know not, as the case is, where to go, nor how to sub- 
sist themselves, and must be unavoidably starved without 
relief; — 

Therefore, they humbly prayed that this Assembly would 
take their circumstances into consideration, and dismiss the 
above named trustees from their trusteeship, and make void all 
the leases given by said trustees of the sachem's land ; and 
that the Assembly would allow and accept of their known and 
trusty friends, Col. Joseph Stanton, Capt. George Wanton and 
Capt. John Frye, to be trustees for tie care and management 
of the sachem's estate, for the sachem's interest; the last 
named gentlemen having been trustees to the late sachem ; 
and the said Sarah and councillors were knowing to the pro- 
ceedings and management in that affair, and that their pro- 
ceedings gave good satisfaction to the sachem, and a general 
satisfaction to the tribe of Indians, &c. 

Upon consideration whereof, it is voted and resolved, that 
tlie prayer of the said Sarah and councillors, be, and it is here- 
by granted ; and that the said Joseph Whipple, Daniel Cog- 



224 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1747. 

geshall, Samuel Perry, John Spencer and David Anthony, be, 
and they are hereby removed from their 'aforesaid ofiice of trus- 
tees ; and that all the leases by them made, of the sachem's 
land, be, and they are hereby declared and made null and 
void ; and the aforesaid Col. Joseph Stanton, Capt. Geo, Wan- 
ton and Capt. John Frye, are appointed trustees, for the care 
and management of the sachem's estate, for his interest. 
God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhhj held for the Cohmj of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport, on the last 
Monday in August, 1747. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Governor. 

The lion. William Robinson, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

[There was no business of a public nature, transacted at this 
session of the Assembly.] 

Governor Shirley to Governor Jf anion. 

Boston August 20, 1747. 
Sir : — I send now to inform Your Honor, tbat on the 16th inst. arrived here a flag 
of truce from Quebec, with one hundred and seventy-one English prisoners, belong- 
ing to this Province, and divers other of His Majesty's colonies in North America, 
&c., by which ship I received a letter* from the Marquis Beauharnois, Governor of 



* The letter from the Marquis of Beauharnois, transmitted by Gov. Shirley, is very long, 
and relates to the exchange of prisoners. It is exceedingly courteous in its tone, and ac- 
knowledges the kind attentions paid to the French prisoners, in Boston, by the autliori- 
ties there. It appears that one of them, Lieut. La Groix, had broken his parole. Speak- 
ing of him, Gen. Beauharnois says, this gentleman, " by his services and good qualities, 
had merited some distinction from me; but I cannot but disapprove his having broken his 
parole, as you assure me he liad done. He can blame nobody but himself, that he ^as 
put under a more close confinement. I am nevertheless obliged to you for your goodness 
to him, on my account. This particular he has not failed to inform me of." 



1747.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. '225 

Canada, a copy whereof, I now enclose ; by perusing of which, you will understand 
that I wrote to him a letter, dated the 18th of March last, therein proposlnir a gen- 
eral exchange of prisoners, without having a regard to the inequality of numbers on 
either side ; and that each Governor should bear the charge of the transportation of 
their own prisoners. 

This I undertook (absolutely) only for myself, yet presuming It would be accept- 
able to all the rest of the English Governors ; and in consequence of which, the 
said Governor of Canada has now released all the English prisoners with him, ex- 
cept a few that were not In such health as to allow them to be transported without 
danger ; and that the said Governor does fully agree to my proposal, expecting that 
the other Governors will also come Into this agreement, desiring that I should let 
him know their resolutions by the return of this flag of truce, which is limited to 
the term of fifteen days for his stay here, which will expire the last of this month. 

Therefore, I must entreat Your Honor to send me your answer upon these points 
by this express, that 1 may forward it to the Governor of Canada, agreeably to his 
desire expressed to me In his letter ; and as there are now, and may be hereafter, 
English prisoners belonging to Great Britain and other places, at a distance from 
these provinces, brought in by the flags of truce, it will be expected that your gov- 
ernment will bear their part of this charge, so that it may not be wholly thrown up- 
on this. 

And I must further 'desire that you would appoint some agent here, who may 
from time to time answer for the charge of any English prisoners of your province, 
that may be released from captivity, in pursuance of this agreement, and brought 
in hither ; and as there are now brought ifi this flag of truce six prisoners,* that you 
would be pleased to take such measures, that In proportion to the number aforesaid, 
your province may bear their part of the charge of this flag of truce ; you will also 
send me your answer respecting the Governor of Canada's proposal, as to the pur- 
chasing prisoners out of the Indians' hands. 

I have likewise enclosed a copy of the agreement made for the hire of this flag of 
truce, which you will find to be 10,000 livres. 

I am, sir, Your Honor's most obedient and most humble servant, 

W. SHIRLEY. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly held for the Colony of 
Rhode Island' and Providence Plantations, at Soidh Kings- 
toivn, the last Wednesday in October, 1747. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Governor. 

The Hon. William Robinson, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 



* These prisoners were John Pike, Edward Tew, John Years, Gregory Cousins, Jacob 
Judah, and Samuel Savers. 

VOL. V. 29 



226 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1747. 

His Honor, the Governor, is hereby requested to write to 
Richard Partridge, Esq., the colony's agent in Great Britain, 
and desire that gentleman to send him over all his accounts 
with the colony, and the particulars of them, during the time 
he has been in the colony's service. 

This Assembly having taken into consideration the extracts 
of His Grace, the Dake of Newcastle's letter, to Governor Shir- 
ley, respecting the dismission of the troops, raised in America, 
for the expedition intended against Canada, together with the 
letter from Governor Shirley and Governor Knowles to our 
Governor, thereupon are of opinion as follows : 

1st. That it will be proper, and His Honor, the Governor, is here- 
by requested to send, forthwith, unto their Excellencies, the en- 
listment and muster rolls of all the soldiers raised in this colo- 
ny, for the expedition ; and all other papers His Honor may 
think necessary ; and that the whole bo duly authenticated. 

2d. That these troops being raised in consequence of a 
proclamation issued by the Governor, with the advice of the 
Assembly, they ought to be discharged, according to the tenor 
of that proclamation, and the true intent and meaning 
thereof 

3d. That, as it appears by the several extracts from the 
Duke of Newcastle's letter, the disbanding the troops raised 
for the aforesaid service, is wholly vested in their Excellencies ; 
the way and manner of doing it, and paying off the officers and 
soldiers, must be their proper province ; and His Honor, the 
Governor, is desired to inform their Excellencies of the senti- 
ments of this Assembly. 

God save the Kino-. 

[The fbllowin<T Publio Laws, passed during the year 1747, are printed at 
length in the volume ot public laws, published in that year, unless repealed previous 
to that time.] 

An Act for quieting possessions, and establishing titles of land within the towns of 

Bristol, Tiverton, Little Compton, Warren and Cumberland. (January.) 

An Act for supplying the general treasury with the sum of £15,000, in bills of 

credit, of the new tenor. (February.) 
An Act for the more regular establishing a superior court of judicature, court of 

assize and general jail delivery, throughout the colony. (February.) 



1747.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 227 



An Act for regulating appeals to His Majesty, in council, in Great Britain, and for 

repealing the former act made for that purpose. (Februaiy.) 
An Act for settling the militia of the towns of Bristol, Tiverton, Little Compton, 

Warren and Cumberland. (February.) 
An Act in emendation of part of an act, passed in 1744, entitled " An act ascertain- 
ing what estate is ratable, and for proportioning the same in value." (June.) 
An Act directing how the value of ratable estates in this colony, shall be known, 

and each town's proportion thereof. (June.) 
An Act for the incorporation of Redwood Library, in Newport. (August.) 
An Act for appointing committees in each town in this colony, for the management 

of the colony's money, let, or to be let, on loan, in the several towns. (August.) 
An Act for the ease of prisoners for debt. (August.) 
An Act for increasing the fines and fees of petit jurors, and for punishing the towns 

which do not return their quota of jurors. (August.) 
An additional Act to prevent the spreading of the small pox, and<)ther contagious 

diseases. (August.) 
An Act appointing coroners in each town in this colony. (August.) 
An Act apportioning the number of jurors in each town. (August.) 
An Act to empower the clerk of the superior courts to appoint a deputy. 

(August.) 
An Act for the better regulating the several ferries in the colony. (August.) 
An additional Act for the regulating and mending of highways. (October.) 
An Act for printing all the public laws, and acts that shall hereafter be made and 

passed by the General Assembly. (October.) 
An Act directing all the public laws now in force, in the colony, to be put in print. 

(October.) 

Governor Shirley and Admiral Knowles to Governor Wanton. 

• Boston, October 10th, 1747. 

Sir : — The enclosed is an extract from a letter of the Duke of Newcastle, to Gov- 
ernor Shirley, signifying His Majesty's commands to us, upon the several matters 
contained in it. 

In obedience to which, we must desire you will be pleased to tratismit to us, by 
return of this express, or as soon aftejkas you can, muster roll?, or lists of the several 
officers and soldiers raised within your government for His Majesty's service, in the 
late intended expedition against Canada, (which His Majesty has laid aside for the 
present,) distinguishing the companies into whii;h they were formed, with the re- 
spective times of every officer's engaging in His Majesty's service, and days on 
which the soldiers were enlisted into it, (which last may be best done by attested 
copies of the enlistments themselves ;) also an account of the deaths of such of the 
officers and men which have happened since they entered into the service, with the 
respective times when they happened ; as also of the dismissions and desertions of 
any of the soldiers, and times of their being discharged or deserting ; together 
with an account of the furloughs which have been granted from time to time to the 
soldiers, and for what time ; as also upon what command or duty, the officers and 
men have been respectively employed since the time of their entering into the ser- 
vice ; together with a muster roll or list of the officers and effective private soldiers 



228 UECUKDS OF THE COLONY Of RHODE ISLAND [1747. 

now remaining in the service ; all which rolls, lists and accounts, we desire may 
be flulv certified by the proper officers, under their hands, upon oath, taken be- 
fore yourself, and attested by you ; also, that you would transmit to us an account 
of the charges of the clothing, arms and accoutrements of the soldiers, and of all 
other expenses which have been incurred on account of the expedition, and are 
not to be defrayed by the colony under your government, from the time of their 
bein" levied, to the time of your attesting the said accounts ; together with the 
vouchers thereof, all duly certified, upon oath, by the proper parties before you ; 
and a copy of the proclamation, issued by you for the encouragement of troops to 
enlist into the aforesaid service, with copies of the votes of your Assembly, touch- 
ing the bounty and subsistence or allowance of provisions granted by them for the 
troops. 

And we must further desire that you would, in pursuance of His Majesty's or- 
ders, communicate to us, your sentiments and opinion as to the manner of dis- 
charging these officers and soldiers, and ujjon what foot it may be best done, hav- 
ing due regard to His Majesty's command to us, for doing it in the most frugal man- 
ner, and his expectation in this affair ; and this we desire you will forthwith do, as 
a great charge is running on, till the soldiers shall be dismissed by us from this 
service. 

We must also desire you, in obedience to His Majesty's commands, to recommend 
it to your Assembly to furnish such sums of money or credit as may be wanted, to 
pay off the soldiers ; which you will perceive, by the extracts of the Duke of New- 
castle's letter, is to be provided for by Parliament, as soon as the accounts of the 
whole charge Incurred by raising the levies, shall be transmitted to His Grace, by 
us ; and forthwith let us know your opinion of the success of such an application ; 
as also to let us know whether you have advanced any, and what sums of money 
to the officers and soldiers, or any of them, on account of their pay, and after what 
rate, and to what time they are paid in full. 

And as you perceive, we are commanded by His Majesty to retain such a number 
of the American levies In his pay as we shall judge sufficient for the securing of 
Nova Scotia, against the enemy's attempts, until a reinforcement can be sent thither 
from Great Britain ; the preservation of which colony, is of the greatest importance 
to the safety and welfai-e of all His Majesty's northern colonies; and also, that Mr. 
Shirley is ordered by His Majesty to complete his owh, as well as Sir William 
Pepperell's, as likewise Lieut. Gen. Phillips's regiment out of those troops, we hope 
you will assist the oflicers who should be seft to raise recruits for those purposes, 
into your government, with your Influence and authority, and contribute every- 
thing in your power to their success, and the promoting of His Majesty's service. 

We think it clear, that the arms and accoutrements of the soldiers are to be re- 
turned ; and where the men have lost them, their value must bo stopped out of 
their pay, or rather the several captains are to be called upon lor the arms of their 
respective companies, and are chargeable therewith, which you will be pleased to 
consider. 

And we must desire you will forthwith let us know your opinion of what pay it 
will be reasonable to allow the officers, as well as men, for their service. 

We are, sir. Your Honor's most obedient humble servants 

W. SHIRLEY, 

To the Hon. Gideon Wanton. CHAPvLES KNOWLES. 



*1747.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 229 



Gov. Sliirlci) and Admiral Knowlcs to Gov. Wanton. 

Extracts of a letter from His Grace, the Duke of Newcastle, to Governor Shirley, 
dated Whitehall, May 30th, 1747. 

" His Majesty has been pleased to direct me to signify to you his pleasure that you 
should immediately appoint a meeting with Commodore Knowles, at such place as 
shall be agreed upon, and consider with him the present state of Nova Scotia and 
Louisbourg, and take the proper measures for the defence of those places. 

" It is His Majesty's pleasure you should endeavor to complete from out of the 
Americans, who are now raised for His Majesty's service. Sir William Pepperell's 
regiment and your own. 

" Lieut. Gen. Phillips's regiment, is, I am afraid, very weak. I will, however, 
send His Majesty's orders to send what recruits can be got from hence ; and you 
will also endeavor to have his regiment completed out of the Americans. 

" As it is His Majesty's intention that the Americans should be immediately dis- 
charged, except only such few as are mentioned above, the manner of discharging 
them, the satisfaction of their time, &c., must be left to Commodore Knowles and 
yourself ; the King, however, is persuaded you will do it as cheap as possible. 

" And as these American troops have done little or no service hitherto, it is 
to be hoped they will not expect to be paid in the manner they would have been, 
had they actually been employed on service ; and as it seems highly reasonable 
that such of those troops as have remained in the Provinces, where they were en- 
listed, should be contented with less pay than such of them as may have marched 
into other Provinces. 

" When you and Mr. Knowles shall have met and fully considered the service to 
be undertaken, in the manner above directed, and shall have agreed what number 
of Americans it will be necessary to keep in pay for that purpose, it is His Majes- 
ty's pleasure that you should procure an account of the whole expense incurred on 
account of the American troops from the time of their being levied, to the time of 
their discharge ; and when the same shall be fully adjusted and liquidated, you 
will transmit it to me, with the proper vouchers, from the several Governors, that 
it may be laid before Parliament, to the end that provision may be made for the 
payment ; and in the mean time, in order to prevent any comjilaint amongst the 
men that have been enlisted, (as well those that shall be discharged, as those that 
shall continue in service,) for want of immediate pay, you will recommend it to the 
Governors of the provinces, where these levies have been made, to procure credit 
from their respective Assemblies for that purpose, which His Majesty hopes may 
be done without difficulty. 

" It is also His Majesty's pleasure, that Mr. Knowles and you should consider what 
number of Americans will be really wanted for the service above mentioned ; 
and the King would have you retain as many as may be absolutely necessary for 
that service, and no more ; and the King hopes that a small number of Americans, 
with His Majesty's forces, which you have, may be sufficient for that purpose, as 
the expense of these Americans is very great ; and as to the Americans in general, 
except only such as may be wanted for the service above mentioned, it is His Maj- 
esty's pleasure, that you, in conjunction with Commodore Knowles, should thank 
them in such manner as you think proper, and immediately discharge them upon 



230 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1747.' 

the best and the cheapest foot you can ; and in order thereto, you .will consult with 
the respective governors, upon the manner of closing it ; and you will transmit to 
His ALijesly an immediate account of what you shall do therein." 

N. 13. This paragraph should have been inserted between the fourth and fifth 
paragraphs. W. SHIRLEY, 

CHARLES KNOWLES. 

To the Hon. Gideon Wanton. 



Governor Wanton to Governor Shirlefj and Admiral Rnowles. 

Newport, on Rhode Island, 23d October, 174 7. 

Gentlemen : — When I wrote you, the 14th current, I was in hopes that I should 
have transmitted to you this week, the papers, accounts, &c., relating to the expedi- 
tion against Canada, so far as this government hath been concerned therein, but 
have been since informed, that they cannot be completed till some time the next 
week. 

I will take due care to communicate to the General Assemblv of this colonj', who 
are to sit on Wednesday ne.\t, at South Kingstown, your letter, together with the 
copy of the extracts that accompanied it; but having been confined at home for 
several weeks past, with the gout, I fear I shall not be able to meet them there. 

At our last choice, in August past, several towns thought fit to change their depu- 
ties, so that the lower house will consist of a majority of new members, with whose 
sentiments concerning the pay of the soldiers, being wholly unac({uainted, I cannot 
possibly tell what they will resolve upon. 

In October past, the committee of war took up about £11,000, in pursuance of an 
act of Assembly, authorizing them so to do, of some merchants of this town ; which 
sum being reduced into sterling money, at the rate of £750 this currency for £lOO 
sterling, was paid to the officers and soldiers in part of their pay, and for their 
clothing, a few days before their embarkation for Annapolis. 

The committee of war contracted with the said merchants to give them bills of 
e.xchange for sterling money, at the rate above mentioned, for the sum they ad- 
vanced. This, in expectation of directions from Great Britain, was for some time 
delayed, and hath not yet been complied with. 

But in August past, the General Assembly resolved that the accounts of the 
charges expended by this colony in raising three companies for the expedition 
against Canada, should be drawn out by the commissary, and sent with proper 
vouchers, to our agent ; and that the Governor should draw bills for the amount of 
said accounts, on the lords commissioners of the treasury, or on whom the payment 
of such bills m ly concern, pa)-able to our agent ; and likewise bills on the agent 
for such money as hath been paid to the officers and soldiers of said companies, to- 
wards their wages, and for clotiiing, payable to the merchants who advanced it. 

This money being paid to the officers and soldiers to induce them willingly to go 
to succor and relieve Annapolis, whither this government was strongly urged to 
send them by His Excellency, Governor Shirley, and the Honorable Admiral 
Warren, and the merchants who advanced it, being highly dissatisfied and uneasy 
at so long a delay, I beg you to recommend it in the strongest terms to His Grace, 
the Duke of Newcastle, that the bills now to be drawn in their favor, be punctually 
paid. There was another payment made to the ofllcers and soldiers in September 



1747.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 231 



past, by order of the General Assembly, for which, not knowing the sum, I must 
refer to the accounts. 

The extreme hardships the officers and soldiers underwent in their voyage to- 
wards Annapolis, by the shipwreck of the transport vessels, the severity of the sea- 
son, and the sickness with which they were visited, of which many of them died, do 
in my opinion, entitle the survivors and the heirs of the deceased, to full pay ; and 
I hope Your Excellencies will concur with me herein, and likewise that you will 
do this colony, which hath remarkably distinguished itself by its readiness and zeal to 
serve His Majesty, in the intended expedition against Canada, in giving a higher 
bounty to soldiers than any other government did, all the good offices in your pow- 
er towards getting their charges reimbursed ; and I promise myself you will the 
more readily do this, as great part of the charge was incurred by that fatal expedi- 
tion intended for the relief of Annapolis, and undertaken at the instance of, and in 
deference to the directions of the gentlemen above mentioned. 

I request the favor of you to let me know at what rate you fix the exchange be- 
tween sterling money and New England currency. 

As soon as the accounts, &c., are finished, I intend to send them per Col. Kinni- 
cutt ; and in the mean time, am, gentlemen, &c., G. WANTON. 

Wm. Shirley and Charles Knowles, Esqs. 

Governor Shirk// to Governor If anion. 

Boston October 2G, 1747. 
Sir: — We are favored with your letter by the last post, and are glad to find there 
is a probability of our receiving a full answer to every particular part of ours of the 
10th instant, because the expense to the crown now running on, is large, and liis 
Majesty's service in the West Indies requires Mr. Knowles's presence there as soon 
as possible, to take upon him the command of His Majesty's ships at Jamaica, &c. 

We must desire you would be pleased, in your next, to inform us when the 
levies, raised within your government, embarked for Annapolis Royal, and when 
they returned to Newport ; and are, sir, 

Your obedient, humble servants, 

W. SHIRLEY. 
To Governor Wanton. 

P. S. Mr. Knowles being gone to Nantasket before this was copied, I am obliged 
to sign this, in behalf of us both. 



Governor SUrhy to Governor Wanton. 

Boston, October 29th, 174 7. 
Sir: — Mr. Knowles and I have received your letter, dated the 23d instant, and 
as very great expense to the crown is running on, whilst the accounts of the forces 
raised within your government for the expedition against Canada, are preparing 
and adjusting, we think it our indispensable duty to send you the enclosed dis- 
charge of them, which we desire you would have published among the levies in such 
manner as you shall think proper. 



232 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1747. 

You will perceive by the extract from the Duke of Newcastle's letter, which we 
enclosed in our last, that it is His Majesty's pleasure that the levies should be dis- 
charged in the most frugal manner ; so that it is doubtless his expectation that all 
such of them as have not marched out of the province or colony where they were 
raised, should be paid off at the rate of the ordinary establishment for all His Maj- 
esty's regiments of foot, viz. : 

The private men, at the rate of Cd. sterling per day ; out of which, a stoppage must 
be made of -id., for their provisions ; so that there will remain to be paid in money, to 
them, onlv 2d. per day. The corporals, after the rate of Sd. per day ; out of which, 
a stoppaae of 4d., for their provisions ; so that id. per day will remain to be paid in 
money, to them. The sergeants, after the rate of Is. per day ; out of which, a stop- 
pai^e must be made of 4d., for their provisions ; so that there will remain 8d. per 
day, to be paid to them ; and this is agreeably to the laws of their enlistment, in 
which no more is promised than the usual pay of His Majesty's troops, viz. : 

Sixpence sterling per day, for a private man ; Sd. for a corporal, and 12d. for a 
sergeant ; out of which, they find themselves with provisions ; and where provisions 
are found for them, as in the case of Lieut. Gen. Phillips's regiment, posted in 
Nova Scotia and Newfoundland, a stoppage o{4d. per day, is made out of their pay 
for it ; and in this case, it makes no difference with respect to the soldiers, that pro. 
visions have been generally found for them, at the .charge of the colonies, where 
they were raised, and not the crown's ; for that was not given them as the bounty 
of the several colonies, but was required by His Majesty from those colonies, to be 
done in ease of the national expense ; and as what was their reasonable part of the 
clKir^es to be incurred by the late intended expedition, set on foot chlelly for the 
immediate benefit of the several colonies concerned in it ; and considering these 
troops have not marched out of their respective colonies, they have no pretence to 
expect more than what was promised them by the terms of their enlistment, and 
ought to be satisfied with that. 

As to all those levies, which have marched out of the several provinces, where they 
were rai'sed, except those sent to Nova Scotia, an allowance of 2d. per day extraor- 
dlnai'y, to them, upon that consideration, will be sufficient ; but as to those troops 
which were sent to Nova Scotia, or embarked for that province, though they had 
the misfortune, through shipwreck and sickness, not to arrive there, Mr. Knowles 
and I think they ought to have, on account of their . service and hard duty, which 
occasioned them a greater expense of clothes and other things, than the rest of the 
troops iiad, Gd. over and above their provisions, from the time of their embarka- 
tion for Nova Scotia, till their return to their respective colonies ; before and after 
which times a stoppage must be made out of their pay, for their provisions ; and 
they receive no more in money, than 2d. per day ; and the several levies are to be 
paid oil" accordingly, after those rates. 

As to the method of paying oS' the men, when they are discharged ; it appears to 
Mr. Knowles and me, that there are but two ways of doing it, viz. : 

Either by procuring money, or credit from your Assembly, which we are com- 
manded by His j\lajef;ty to recommend to you ; or else, by borrowing money of the 
merchants, upon public bills, payable when the Parliament shall make provision for 
defraying the charges incurred on account of these levies ; which bills, Mr. Knowles 
and I think should be sold for the highest txchange that can be got, for the bene- 
fit of the men ; but not at a lower rate than £700 per cent, advance, in bills 
i)f till' old tiMior ; or *;«oo n( that currency, for £100 sterling; and if both 



1747.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 233 



these methods should fail, then we can't see what more can possibly be done, than to 
give the men certificates of what is due to them, at the time of their being dis- 
charged, with a promise of paying them as soon as possible ; but we hope there will 
be no necessity of having recourse to this method. 

Mr. Knowles being very much engaged in the business of his squadron, which 
detains him great part of his time at Nantasket, has desired me to take upon myself 
the settling of the terms for paying the men off; and as he is under orders from the 
lords of admiralty, to repair to Jamaica, to take upon him the command of His 
Majesty's ships there, and designs to sail in about a fortnight, we shall be glad to 
proceed as far as possible in the execution of His Majesty's orders committed to our 
care, before he goes; and besides, if the accounts are not transmitted home in time 
to be laid before Parliament this session, it may occasion a delay in raisins the 
money for defraying the charges. 

Since Mr. Knowles' and my joint letter to you, I am informed by Mr. Secretary 
Willard, that upon the first raising of troops in this Province, for the expedition 
against Canada, in Queen Anne's time. Her Majesty expressly promised, (among 
other things,) as an encouragement for volunteers to enlist, that they should retain 
their arms, which had been provided for them by the crown ; but as the expedition 
did not proceed that year, and the Queen sent orders to disband those levies, 
which was done. This government then thought proper, notwithstanding the 
Queen's express promise, and those troops had marched out of the Province, to be 
ready to proceed by land to Canada, to make the soldiers deliver up their arms, as 
they had not actually proceeded to Canada, in order to be kept for the service of the 
expedition, when it should be prosecuted ; which seems to be a case, where the 
men had far greater reason to expect to retain their arms, than they have in this ; 
especially as the Duke of Newcastle, in his letter to me, of the 30th of May, only 
says that His Majesty had laid aside the design of tlie expedition for the present. 

It was necessary to transmit to you the terms for the payment of the men and 
non-commissioned offii.'ers, together with the enclosed discharge of them. 

As to the ofEcers, it may be time enough to send you Mr. Knowles' and my 
opinion of the terms on which they should be paid off, by the post following, he 
being now at Nantasket. With regard to myself, I must in the mean time, say, that 
I think they ought to have the full sterling pay, which the oflicers of His Majesty's 
otiier troops in their ranks receive. 

I am, sir. Your Honor's most obedient humble servant, 

W. SHIRLEY. 

To the Hon. Governor Wanton. 

Governor Wanton to Governor Shlrleij and Admiral Knotvles. 

Newport, on Rhode Island, October 31st, 1747. 
Gentlemen : — I have received your favor of the 26th current. The forces raised 
within this government, embarked for Annapolis Royal, on the 31st day of October, 
1746, and returned to this place on the 2d of January, following, excepting some, 
who were left sick, at Martha's Vineyard. 

I herewith send you, by Col. Kinnicutt, the muster rolls, accounts, acts of Assem. 
Illy and other papers, wrote for in your letter of the 10th current, all duly attested. 
VOL. V. 30 



234 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1747. 

I hope they will be to your satisfaction ; but if you think any one or more articles 
of the expense not sufficiently proved by proper vouchers, please to let me know 
it, and I will endeavor to get the defect supplied. 

The soldiers were enlisted into His Majesty's service, according to the method 
ordered by an act of the General Assembly, made for that purpose; and no one of 
them received the government's bounty of £50, till he had taken the oath in that act 
prescribed, and had obtained a certificate thereof from a justice of the peace. 

Of this lar^e bounty, please to observe, the government hath made no charge to 
His Majesty ; and after their enlistment, were disciplined by their ofiicers, and kept 
on duty, waiting His Majesty's commands, till they were ordered to embark for 
Annapolis Royal, in compliance with the pressing instance and direction of His 
Excellency, Governor Shirley, and the Hon. Admiral Warren, to whom His Maj- 
esty had given power to regulate or order the plan of operations, and the disposi- 
tion of the forces. 

A committee of war was appointed by the General Assembly of this colony, and 
fully empowered to act in all things relating to the expedition ; they inspected into 
and audited all the accounts, and gave orders to the general treasurer for the pay- 
ment thereof; and there has no money been paid by him on account of this expedi- 
tion, without an order from said committee, or from the General Assembly, or from 
some person by them duly authorized. 

The hire of transports and the misfortune of losing two of them at Martha's Vine- 
yard, for which the government was by contract obliged to pay, hath much aug- 
mented the expense. What could be saved of said transports, and the provisions, 
stores, &c., that were not expended, have been sold at public auction, and the 
amount of the sale deducted. 

^Vhen the forces landed here, on January 3d, in a weak and distressed condition, 
and many of them sick, the severity of the weather made it very difHcult to induce 
persons to receive them into their houses, to nurse and take care of them ; and that 
time of the year being wholly unfit for action, they were furloughed till the 1st of 
i\Iarch, excepting the sick, and a few whom the ofiicers could not trust; and since 
that time, they have been billeted out till the 22d of August past, except some who 
choose rather to forego it, than to appear every day before their officers as 
required. 

I fear you will think the account of billeting to be irregular ; but the soldiers be- 
ing sometimes allowed billeting and sometimes not, I could not get it put into a 
better form ; and when they were sick, (which many of them were,) it was impos- 
sible to billet them at the price the government had stated ; and be pleased to ob- 
serve, that no accounts of billeting were paid, before they had been strictly exam- 
ined, and allowed. 

Due care shall be taken of the arms of the soldiers ; and if any of them are lost, 
the value shall be discounted out of their pay. 

By the accounts, it appears that the three companies raised within this govern- 
ment, have been paid £ 1,455 14s., for which they have given their receipts. My 
opinion about their pay, I have already signified to you ; but it appears to me, by 
the copy of the extracts of the letter from His Grace, the Duke of Newcastle, that 
Your Excellencies are to determine that point ; when, therefore, you have liqui- 
dated the sum this colony's companies are to receive, I presume you will let me 
know ; and likewise at what rate you fix the exchange between sterling money and 



1747.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



New England cun-ency ; for I believe the General Assembly of this colony will 
abide by your determination in both these points ; and till they are known I 
think it altogether impracticable to pay off the forces. 

All possible frugality having been used, and the government having been obliired 
to advance part of their pay to the soldiers, and some additional clothino', to induce 
them cheerfully to go on the expedition to Annapolis, many of them havino- fami- 
lies to support, and the winter then approaching, I beg leave to renew my request 
of your good offices as well in behalf of the merchants who advanced the money for 
that payment made a twelve-month ago, as of the colony getting their expense in- 
curred by this expedition, reimbursed ; which favor shall ever be gratefully ac- 
knowledged by Your most humble servant, 

GIDEON WANTON. 

To Governor Shirley, and Admiral KnoAvles. 

P. y. I am apprehensive there are demands for services done, relating to this 
expedition, that are not yet brought in. 

Governor Shirk?/ to Governor Ifanion. 

Boston, IJeeembei 28, 1747. 

Sir: — I sometime ago informed Your Honor of a meeting of commissioners, to 
be appointed from the governments from Virginia as far as New Hampshire, being 
proposed to be at New Yjrk ; and am now to apprise you, that in consequence of 
that proposal, there has been a meeting of commissioners from this government, 
New York and Connecticut, at New York ; and that they agreed on another 
meetmg, now fixed to be at Middletown, in Connecticut, the 20th of next month. 

Those commissioners have reported, that there be a representation made to His 
Majesty, as to those governments which refuse to assist in this common cause ; 
thinking, I suppose, that there is a necessity for it, when there is such danger 
of losing the Six Nations, and the other numerous tribes of Indians, their allies, to 
the westward ; for the preservation of whose friendship, the King has always been 
very solicitous; as also for the safety of his province of New York. 

And in his instructions to the present Governor, has, as I am informed, directed 
that the other governments should give their assistance in it. 

I hope your government will look on my apprising Your Honor of this, to pro- 
ceed, as it really does, from a most friendly disposition to them, and my hearty 
zeal to promote the interest of the common cause ; and that they will send one or 
more commissioners to meet and act with the others, upon this important affair. 

I hear all the people at Pennsylvania, are willing to assist in preventing the 
western Indians going over to the French. 

I am, sir. Your Honor's most obedient and humble servant, 

W. SHIRLEY. 

To the Hon. Governor Wanton. 



236 ' RECORDS OF THE COLONY Of RHODE ISLAND [1748. 



Governor Wanton io the Lords Commissioners of the Treasur//. 

Newport, on Khode Island, January 9, 174 7-8. 

IMv Lords : — Tlie Governor and Company of tliis, His Majesty's colony of Khode 
Island and Providence Plantations, in New England, having, in obedience to His 
Majesty's commands, transmitted to them by His Grace, the Duke of Newcastle, 
bearing date the 9th of April, 1 746, raised three companies of soldiers within this col- 
ony, for His Majesty's service, in the intended expedition against Canada ; and hav- 
ing, besides a bounty of £50 to each soldier, expended £76,083 Us. 4d., New Eng- 
land currency, in levying said soldiers, in purchasing arms, ammunition, tents and 
provisions for them, in billeting them, and in advancing to them part of their pay, in 
hirin'T transports, and in equipping and manning a convoy, and in other necessary 
charges on account of said three companies, all which will appear by proper vouch- 
ers, sent to His Excelloncy, Governor Shirley, and the Honorable Admiral 
Knowles; and also to Mr. Richard Partridge, agent for this colony; and the Gen- 
eral Assembly having enjoined and authorised me, the subscriber. Governor of the 
colony, abovcsaid, to draw bills for the expense incurred by this colony on the oc- 
casion above mentioned ; I have, pursuant thereto, drawn upon Your Lordships for 
the said sum of £76^83 lis. 4rf., reduced to sterling money, at the rate of £750 
currency, for £lOO sterling, two sets of bills of this date ; one, for £3,662 13s. bd- 
sterling; and the other for £6,481 16s. l^Z. sterling, payable to the said Richard 
Partridge. 

I beg leave to observe to Your Lordships, that the Governor and Company of 
this colony, have remarkably distinguished themselves by their zeal to serve His 
Majesty on this occassion,in giving a greater bounty to the soldiers than any of the 
other governments did ; and readily sending them at the instance and bj' the direc- 
tion of Governor Shirley and the Honorable Admiral Warren, to attempt the relief 
of His Majesty's garrison at Annapolis Royal, at an advanced season of the year ; 
and that they have thereby contracted a heavy load of debt, beyond their ability to 
pay, if their expense should not be reimbursed. 

I am, &c., GIDEON WANTON. 

To the Right Honorable the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury. 

Governor Wanton to Richard Partridye, Agent for Rhode Island, 

in London. 

Newport, Rhode Island, January 11th, 174 7-8. 
Sir ; — In pursuance of a vote of the General Assembly, I herewith transmit you 
the accounts of the whole expense arising upon the three companies of soldiers 
raised in this colony for the intended expedition against Canada ; as also an account 
of the charge of equipping, manning and victualling the colony's sloop for the same 
service, all which arc attested and authenticated in the best manner we are capable 
of doing it ; and as the whole of said service was undertaken in obedience to His 
Majesty's royal instructions, signified to the Governor and Company of this colony, 
by His Grace, the Duke of Newcastle, an attested copy whereof, you will receive 
herewith ; wherein we v.ere rlirected and ordered to raise as nian\ men as tlio 



1748.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 237 



shortness of the time would permit, -who were to enter immediately into his service 
and pay, and to provide proper transports for the cari-ying the said forces to the 
place of rendezvous, and provisions for their subsistence ; as also to furnish them 
with arms, clothing and other necessaries for the said expedition ; and to provide 
as many armed vessels as could be got, to be employed in the said service, we can- 
not doubt but the whole of the expense will be paid by His Majesty. 

And in order that you may be the better prepared to set the conduct of the 
colony in a true light, and to solicit the reimbursement of the expense we have 
been at, in complying with the King's instructions, I thought it would be proper to 
give you a short abstract of our proceedings in this atfair. 

As this colony has always distinguished itself by its loyalty to the crown, and 
zeal for its service, so in this afi'aii-, as they had received His Majesty's said instruc- 
tions, the General Assembly immediately passed an act for the raising three compa- 
nies of soldiers, consisting of one hundred men each, officers included ; and also for 
equipping, manning and victualling the colony's sloop for the same service, though 
she was the only armed vessel we had to guard our coast and protect our trade. 

And in order the more efi'ectually to answer His Majesty's intentions in raisino- 
these forces, they granted a very large bounty to such as should enlist in said service ; 
by which means, they completed the levying the men ; and provided transports, 
provisions, arms, tents, clothing and other necessaries seasonably, so that the men 
were ready to embark at a very short warning, with provisions for their subsistence 
for nearly twelve months; and in this state they continued, (with the colony's 
sloop manned, and ready to proceeil with them,) until the month of October' 
when, at the pressing instance of Governor Shirley and Admiral Warren, (who 
Avere two of the gentlemen appointed by Plis Majesty to direct the plan of opera- 
tion in said expedition,) they were embarked to go to the relief of Annapolis Royal, 
which was then in the utmost danger of falling into the hands of the enemy, they 
departed from hence the beginning of November, under convoy of the colony's- 
sloop, with all the provisions, &c., provided for the Canada expedition ; but had 
the misfortune, in the pursuance of their voyage, to meet with contrary winds, and 
exceeding bad weather, whereby two of the transports were stranded and lost ; and 
finally, after sending them another transport, and several fruitless attempts to pro- 
ceed on their voyage, and after suffering very greatly by sickness and the severity 
of the weather, they were obliged to return in a very sickly condition, without be- 
ing able to get to Annapolis after their return, as the government had no orders 
from the King to disband them ; they were some furloughed, and some billeted out, 
until the King's pleasure should be known ; and thus they continued until Gov- 
ernor Shirley and Commodore Knowles had orders to discharge them. 

When the orders came for the raising these troops, the warning was so very 
short, that there was no possible means to comply with His Majesty's intentions, 
but by giving a large bounty ; which you will see by the act, was £50, of the old 
tenor, (which is not charged in the accounts,) and the treasury being empty, the 
government was obliged to supply it by striking off a number of bills of credit, as 
well for the payment of this large bounty, (which they did not expect would=t5C're- 
funded,) as also to defray the charge of levying, arming, victualling, clothing, trans- 
porting, and other necessary expenses of the forces. 

And notwitstanding that they expected that these last would be reimbursed by 
His Majesty, yet they were obliged to make provision for sinking the said bills by 



238 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1748. 

a tax ; otherwise, tbey never could have obtained a currency, by which means, 
the colony is involved in a vast debt, which they are utterly unable to discharge at 
the periods prefixed in said act ; and in the mean time defray all the necessary ex- 
pense of the defence and support of the government ; and if they had not had as- 
surance of the charge being repaid, it is not probable they would have ventured on 
so large an expense. 

The accounts, perhaps, may not appear so regular as might be expected; this 
arises, in a great measure, from our not being acquainted with the methods of 
levying soldiers, and stating military accounts at home ; and so were forced to take 
methods of our own prescribing. 

Uut we hope our zeal lor the King's service in this affiiir, will atone for some 
little irregularities in the method of proceeding and stating our accounts ; especially 
when it is found, as we are persuaded it will, that the charge upon our soldiers will 
turn out full as low as the same number in any of the neigboring governments. 

It is true there is no express promise in His Majesty's instructions for the reim- 
Inirsing any part of the expense the colony should be at, in raising these foi-ces, ex- 
cept the arms and clothing, which were immediately to be paid lor, by Lieut. Gen. 
St. Clair. But, as the forces were by His Majesty's express orders and directions, 
to enter immediately into his service and pay, it seems to be naturally and neces- 
sarily implied, that he would pay all the charges arising upon the subsisting and 
transporting his own troops. 

I must further inform you, that when the forces were ordered to embark for An- 
napolis Royal, as they had been several months in the service without any pay, and 
their clothing being not sufficient for them to go into garrison in the winter season, 
the government thought it absolutely necessary (though they had no orders from 
the King,) to advance them some part of their pay, and to furnish them with some 
more clothes on His Majesty's account ; and as the bills first struck off for the charge 
of this expedition were exhausted, they were obliged to have recourse to the mer- 
chants to borrow a sum for this exigency, which was accordingly efTected, for which 
sum they were to receive sterling money, as you will see by the enclosed certifi- 
cate ; and as this money was borrowed, and Interest to be allowed for any delay of 
l)ayment, it is the government's intentions that this should be paid out of the first 
money that you shall receive; and they have given me directions to draw bills upon 
you for the same, which I have accordingly done. 

You will see, also, by the accounts, that the colony hath since made another pay- 
ment to the officers and soldiers, for both of which payments, they have given re- 
ceipts, reduced into sterling money in part of their pay ; which sums must be 
deducted when they are paid off. 

A\ hen Governor Shirley and Commodore Kuowles received directions to dis- 
charge the soldiers, they also had instructions to procure the accounts from the 
several governments, of the whole expense incurred on account of the American 
troops, from the time of their being levied, to the time of their discharge ; and they 
were likewise empowered to adjust and liquidate all the said accounts, and transmit 
them to the Duke of Newcastle, with the proper vouchers from the several Gov- 
ernors, that they might be laid before the Parliament, in order that provision might 
be nndc fiir tin; payment, which seems to be a demonstration that it is the King's 
intention that the whole expense should be paid; an extract of which Instructimis 
was sent by those gentlemen to me, requesting me to send the accounts of the 



1748.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 239 



whole expense this colony had been at, on account of said forces ; which accord- 
ingly has been done exactly in the same form and with the same attestations as 
those now sent you. 

In what manner those gentlemen have adjusted and liquidated them, or in what 
light they have represented them to the Duke of Newcastle, I cannot tell ; but by 
some expressions in a letter from them, it does not seem as though they had done it 
very favorably to the colony. 

A copy of the extract of the Duke of Newcastle's instructions to those gentlemen, 
you have here enclosed, in which you will see that they were directed to recom- 
mend it to the Governors of the provinces wherein the levies were made, to procure 
credit from their respective Assemblies for the paying the forces when discharged, 
which I have laid before the General Assembly ; but they have not yet made any 
provision for the payment of the arrears due to those raised in this colony, which is 
very considerable, as you may see, by considering what they have already re- 
ceived. 

You will perceive by the accounts, that the expenses for doctors and medicines 
amount pretty high ; there was all possible care taken in this article ; but this ex- 
pense was unavoidable, as these forces were not regimented, and so no chirurgeons 
upon the King's establishment ; and sickness raging very much amongst them, Ave 
at first made use of doctors occasionally ; but finding that very chargeable, we were 
obliged to contract with one by the month, who continued a whole year in the ser- 
vice of the government, finding all medicines, which are excessively dear in this 
country. 

The General Assembly having empowered and directed me to draw bills of ex- 
change for the whole amount of this expense, upon the lords commissioners of the 
treasury, or upon whom the payment thereof shall concern, payable to you, I have 
in pursuance thereof, drawn two sets of bills ; one set, including the amount of the 
arms, clothing, and the pay advanced to the officers and soldiers, which being re- 
duced to sterling money, at the rate of £750 this currency, for £100 sterling, is 
£3,662 13s. Sd. ; the other set, includes all the remaining part of the expense, 
which amounts at the same exchange, to £6,481 16s. Id. ; which I make no doubt 
you will use your best endeavors to procure the payment of, by the best means you 
are capable of making use of 

I have given you as full an information of this affair as I can think of at this 
time; if any further account should be thought necessary, I shall endeavor to trans- 
mit it to you ; and in the mean time remain, Your assured friend, 

GIDEON WANTON. 

P. S. On comparison, you will find that there is a difference in some instances 
between the muster rolls and the abstracts of enlistment, as to the days of enlisting. 
The occasion of it seems to be, the commissary took his dates from the certificates ; 
whereas, the captains took theirs from the days on which the soldiers agreed to 
enter into His Majesty's service, which was oftentimes several days before they 
were sworn. This error cannot be of any great consequence ; yet, it will not be 
amiss (if any objections should be made on that account,) for you to take notice of 
what is said above. G. W. 



240 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1748. 



Gov. Wanto7i io Gov. Shirk?/. 

Newport, on Rhode Island, January 14, 1747-8. 

Sir : — I herewith send you two sets more of the accounts of this colony's expen; 
in the intended expedition against Canada, and two abstracts of the enlistments 
but not made exactly in the manner Your Excellency hath directed. This is ow- 
innf to our not having been acquainted with the regular manner of enlisting ; the 
enlisting officers pursued the method prescribed by the General Assembly of the 
colony, and accepted of such as appeared to them to be able bodied men, without 
inquiring about their place of abode, or their age ; but this defect hath been in some 
measure supplied from muster rolls lodged by the captains in the commissary's of- 
fice ; due care was taken not to accept of any one as a soldier, who was not above 
sixteen years of age ; and all the soldiers took the oath prescribed in the act of As- 
sembly, and had a certificate, that they had so done, and in what company they 
were enlisted, from some justice of the peace in commission, or assistant of the colo- 
ny, before they received the government's bounty ; all which certificates are on file 
in the treasurer and commissary's office ; but few of them making mention of the 
soldier's place of abode or age ; the columns made to express those two things, 
could not be filled up in the manner you have directed ; I hope this want of regu- 
larity is not very material, and that it will be excused for the reason above men- 
tioned. 

I have been informed that some of the arms are not in very good order, and per- 
haps some of them may be missing ; if therefore, the officers of the three companies 
raised within this government, should apply to Your Excellency for certificates ; 
and you should think proper to grant them (the General Assembly having not 
m^de any provision for paying said officers their arrears,) I desire you will be 
pleased to transmit said certificates to me, that I may stop them, till I shall be bet- 
ter satisfied about the arms than I am at present. 

I beg leave to acquaint Your Excellency, that I have, in pursuance of a vote of 
the General Assembly in August last, the substance of which I wrote you in my 
letter, of the 23d of October past, drawn bills as directed in said vote, and to en- 
treat Your Excellency's good offices and recommendation to His Grace, the Duke 
of Newcastle, and others, in whom you may have an interest at the court of Great 
Britain, in behalf of the merchants here, who supplied this government with the 
money paid to the soldiers just before their embarkation for Annapolis Royal ; and 
also of tiie colony in general, which by its zeal to serve His Majesty, in the intend- 
ed expeditions, hath contracted a heavy load of debt, beyond the ability of the in- 
habitants to discharge, in case their expense should not be reimbursed. 

I am, with very great respect, &c., 

' GIDEON WANTON. 

To Governor Shirley. 



1748.] AND PEOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 241 



"Proceedings of the General Assemlly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kingstown, the last 
Monday in February, 174 7-8. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Governor. 

The Hon. William Robinson, Depnty Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Whereas, there is no regular cartel settled between His 
Most Gracious Majesty, King George the Second, King of 
Great Britain and the French King, and His Most Catholic 
Majesty, the King of Spain, &c., for the exchanging of prison- 
ers of war ; his subjects that belong to this. His Majesty's 
colony, when taken by either of the powers of the aforesaid 
princes, now our most gracious Majesty's open and declared 
enemies, and at war, to the great annoyance and peace of this, 
his most loyal and dutiful colony ; which renders the redeem- 
ing of His Majesty's subjects, belonging to the same, imprac- 
ticable by any other method or means, but by way of flag of 
truce, either from this colony to either of the aforesaid princes, 
enemies of our sovereign, or from thence to this colony ; which, 
if prevented or discouraged, under proper regulations, would 
be greatly against His Majesty's interest, and unspeakable 
hardship of his subjects belonging to this colony ; — 

For regulating whereof, for the future, be it enacted by this 
Assembly, and by the authority of the same it is enacted, that 
when any persons, prisoners of war, be brought into this colo- 
ny, belonging to either of the said princes. His said Majesty's 
enemies, as aforesaid, when there be to the number of fifteen or 
more, of such prisoners, their names, and by whom, and when 
taken, being first certified by the secretary of this colony, who 
is hereby required to keep an exact register of all such prison- 
ers, to be taken from the oath of the captors, the confession of 

VOL. V. 31 



242 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1748. 

such prisoners, or decree, or certificate from the admiralty of- 
fice, that then, and in such case His Honor, the Governor of 
this colony, for the time being, may commissionate a proper 
person and vessel, at the charge of this colony, unless some 
private merchant will offer to do the same, at his own ex- 
pense. 

Provided always, that such person so commissionated, shall, 
before such vessel sails out of any harbor in this colony, pro- 
duce a certificate from the admiralty, or custom house office, 
that such vessel has not on board any more provisions than 
are, by them, thought to be sufficient for victualling such ves- 
sel's crew, and such prisoners and as many English prisoners, 
as such vessel is capable of bringing back from the dominions 
of either of the aforesaid princes, with conveniency ; and that 
such persons, so commissionated, give bond to His Majesty, in 
the sum of £1,000 ; to produce a certificate from the Governor, 
or other commanding officer of the place, where such prisoners 
are to be delivered, of such delivery, and that he will bring 
back as many English prisoners as such vessel will carry with 
conveniency, if they are to be had at such place. 

Whereas, John Gardner, of South Kingstown, hath repre- 
sented unto this Assembly, that the inhabitants, trade and 
commerce of this colony, have so far increased of late that the 
ferries established on the Narraganset shore, and the boats 
employed in that service are not sufficient to transport with 
convenience, the numerous passengers, their large droves, vari- 
ous effects and merchandise ; the boats being often crowded 
with men, women, children, horses, hogs, sheep and cattle, to 
the intolerable inconvenience, annoyance, and delay of men 
and business ; that he, the said John Gardner, is provided 
with a good wharf, and pier, situate in a convenient, and 
commodious place, for keeping a ferry between South Kings- 
town, and thereupon prayed this Assembly to grant him the 
liberty of keeping a ferry between the aforesaid towns of South 
Kingstown and Jamestown; — 

On consideration whereof, this Assembly do vote and resolve, 
and it is hereby vuled and resolved, that flie petitioner liave 



1748.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 243 

the liberty of keeping a ferry, agreeably to his petition, he 
complying with the laws regulating ferries. 

It is voted and resolved, that the Hon. William Robinson, 
Esq., George Wanton, Esq., Jeremiah Niles, Esq., Capt. Robert 
Ilaszard and Col. Benoni Waterman, be a committee, to con- 
sider of the best method that may be, for the payment of the 
officers and soldiers raised by this colony, for the intended ex- 
pedition against Canada, and make report as soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that the rate of £5,000, new tenor, 
to be levied on this colony, for the year year 1747, be propor- 
tioned to each town as followeth, and that the same be levied 
as soon as may be, viz. : 

£ s. £ s. 

Newport 825 00 Glocester 117 15 

Providence 550 00 Charlestown 75 00 

Portsmouth 275 15 West Greenwich 79 05 

Warwick 239 10 Coventry 59 10 

Westerly 270 00 Exeter 125 00 

New Shoreham 83 00 Middletown 149 00 

North Kingstown 325 00 Bristol 1 74 10 

South Kingstown 450 00 Tiverton 140 00 

East Greenwich 125 00 Little Compton 167 10 

Jamestown 100 05 Warren 115 00 

Smithfield 274 00 Cumberland 83 10 

Scituate 132 00 Richmond 64 10 

It is voted and resolved, that George Wanton, Esq., Mr. Jas. 
Sheffield, Stephen Hopkins, Esq. and Capt. Robert Haszard, or 
the major part of them, be, and they are hereby appointed a 
committee to pay off the officers and soldiers, raised in this 
colony, for the intended expedition against Canada, upon the 
credit of His Majesty, what yet remains unpaid of their wages; 
and for that purpose, that the sum of £7,500, in bills of credit, 
of the new tenor, be forthwith struck off, and signed by the 
grand committee, and delivered to the said committee ; or a 



244 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1748. 

less sum, if the whole shall not be wanted ; and that the same 
be sunk when it is repaid by His Majesty. 

It is voted and resolved, that the secretary be cited to ap- 
pear at the next session of this Assembly, to answer for his 
conduct, in respect to the act passed at the last session of this 
Assembly, on consideration of the extracts of the Duke of 
Newcastle's letter to Governor Shirley, respecting the dismis- 
sion of the troops raised in America, for the expedition against 
Canada, &c. 

God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhl//, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the od day 
of May, 1748. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Governor. 

The Hon. William Robinson, Deputy Governor. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. Benjamin Haszard, Mr. Joseph Edmonds, 

Capt. George Wanton, Mr. Jeremiah Niles. 

Mr. Benjamin Tucker, Mr. William Richmond. 
Mr. Gideon Durfey, 

The Hon. Daniel Jenckes, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyndon, 
clerk. 

God save the Kino;. 



1748.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



245 



Proceedings of the General Assemhly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport, the first Wednes- 
daij of May, 1748. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Governor. 

The Hon. William Robinson, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 



DEPUTIES. 



Neiuport. 
Capt. Thomas Wickham, 
Capt. Walter Chaloner, 
Mr. Thomas Cranston, 
Mr. John Channing, 
Capt. Jonathan Nichols, 
Mr. James Sheffield. 

Providence. 
The Hon. Daniel Jenckes, 
Mr.- John Angel, 
Mr. Henry Harris, 
Mr. John Potter, Jr. 

Portsmouth. 
Mr. Daniel Howland, 
Mr. Oliver Earl, 
Mr. David Anthony, 
Mr. Jonathan Freeborn. 

Warioich. 
Col. Benoni Waterman, 
Mr. Samuel Greene, 
Mr. Joseph Lippitt, 
Mr. Samuel Barton. 



Westerly. 
Mr. Joshua Babcock, 
Major William Pendleton. 

New Shoreham. 
Mr. Nathaniel Littlefield, 
Mr. John Littlefield. 

North Kingstoimi. 
Col. Immanuel Northup, 
Mr. Edward Dyre. 

South Kingstoum. 
Col. Thomas Haszard, 
Mr. Benjamin Haszard. 

East Greemvich. 
Mr. Giles Pearce, 
Capt. Thomas Spencer. 

Jamestoivn. 
Mr. John Eldred, 
Mr. George Franklin. 

Smithfield. 
Mr. Jonathan Arnold, 
Mr. Israel Wilkinson. 

Scituate. 
Capt. Job Randall, 
Capt. Charles Harris. 



246 



RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1748. 



Gloccsier. 
Mr. Pvichard Steere, 
Capt. Richard Smith. 

Charlestoivn. 
Col. Joseph Stanton, 
Mr. James Congdon. 
West Greenwich. 
Mr. Jeremiah Ellis, 
Mr, George Gardner. 

Coventry. 
Mr. Aaron Bowen, 
Mr. Elisha Johnson. 

Exeter. 
Capt. Job Tripp, 
Mr. Simon Smith. 

Middletoivn. 
]\Ir. John Rogers, 
Mr. John Taylor. 



DEPUTIES. 

Bristol. 
]Mr. Jonathan Peek, 
Major Thomas Greene. 

Tiverton. 
Capt. John Manchester, 
Mr. John Rowland. 
Little Compton. 
\lx. William Hall, 
Mr. Joseph Wood. 
Warren. 
Mr. Matthew Allen, 
Capt. Benjamin Barton. 

Ciiniherland. 
Mr. Israel Whipple, 
Mr. Job Bartlett. 

Richmond. 
Capt. Richard Bayley, 
Mr. John Webster. 



The Hon. Daniel Jenekes, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyndon, 
clerk. 

The following officers, declared elected, were duly engaged : 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. William Ellery, Deputy Governor. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Mr. Peter Bours, 
Mr. John Gardner, 
Mr. Robert Gibbs, 
Mr. William Burton, 
Mr. Stephen Brownell, 



jMr. Robert Lawton, 
Mr. James Arnold, 
Mr. William Richmond, 
INIr. Daniel Coggeshall, 
Mr. Jeoffrey Watson. 



1748.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 247 



SECRETARY. GENERAL TREASURER. 

Mr. Thomas Ward. Mr. Thomas Richardson. 

ATTORNEY GENERAL. 

Mr. Daniel Updike. 

It is voted and resolved, that the troops raised in this colo- 
ny, for the expedition intended against Canada, and lately dis- 
banded, shall be paid their arrears in bills of public credit, at 
nine hundred per cent, advance upon the sterling wages. 

It is voted and resolved, that the colony's sloop Tartar, shall 
be forthwith put in commission, and manned with ninety effec- 
tive men, including officers, Avho shall be allowed and have the 
same wages as were paid the last year ; and that the commissa- 
ry purchase six months' provisions for the sloop, and put on board 
her not less thereof than will be sufficient for six weeks at one 
time ; and that the sloop cruise according to the orders and 
directions of His Honor, the Governor, until the 1st day of Oc- 
tober next, or longer, if His Honor shall think proper. 

And the general treasurer is hereby directed and ordered, to 
supply the commissary with such sums of money as shall be 
necessary to equip said sloop, and purchase the provisions, 
aforesaid ; as also necessaries for Fort George. 

God save the King. 

TJie Duke of Bedford to the Governor of Rhode of Island. 

Whitehall, 7th May, 1748. 

Sir : — The King's plenipotentiary, and those of His Most Christian Majesty and 
the States General of the United Provinces, having signed, at Aix la Chappelle, on 
the 19th of April last, O. S., preliminary articles for restoring a general peace, and 
in consequence whereof. His Majesty has been pleased to order a proclamation to 
be published, declaring a cessation of arms, as well by sea as land, which I send 
you herewith enclosed. 

I am commanded by His Majesty to signify to you his pleasure, that you cause 
the same to be published in all the proper places of your government, to the end 
that all His Majesty's subjects there, may pay due obedience to, and a strict observ- 
ance of the same. I am, sir, your most obedient humble servant, 

BEDFORD. 

To the Governor of Rhode Island. 



248 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1748, 



Proceedings of the General Assemhhj, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the second Mon- 
day in June, 1748. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. William Ellery, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

It is voted and resolved, that William Barton, William Rich- 
mond, Joshua Babcock and Immanuel Northup, Esqs., be, and 
they are hereby appointed a committee, to take into considera- 
tion the subject matter of His Excellency, Governor Shirley's 
letter to the government, and make report thereof, to this 
Assembly. 

Whereas, it hath been represented unto this Assembly, that 
James Holmes, captain of the colony's sloop Tartar, notwith- 
standing the vessel was not to go on a cruise till manned with 
ninety effective men, including officers, on or about the 21st day 
of May last, wentto sea with the sloop, having but about sixty- 
five hands on board; and that of his own accord, having no orders 
nor instructions from His Honor, the Governor; that in this cruise 
on, or about the 22d of May, he gave chase to a schooner, not 
far from Block Island, and came up with her near Point Judith. 
After a couple of shot were fired, the schooner struck ; Capt. 
Holmes took possession of her, and put his lieutenant on board, 
Avith orders to bring her in ; that thereupon, the schooner, 
which was pretended to be a flag of truce, almost loaded from 
Leoganon Hispaniola, to some of the northern colonies, sailed 
on the west side of Conanicut, came round and anchored at a 
place called Coddington's Cove, where she was unladen of a 
cargo of sugar, &c. ; and afterwards brought publicly into this 
[tort ; which conduct of the captain and lieutenant of the colo- 
ny's sluu[i demand the notice of this Assembly ; — 



17-48.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 249 

Who thereupon vote and resolve, and it is hereby voted and 
resolved, that Peter Bours, Stephen Brownell, Daniel Cogges- 
hall and William Hall, Esqs., together with Messrs. Walter 
Chaloner, James Sheffield, Benoui Waterman and John El- 
dred, or the major part of them, be, and they are hereby ap- 
pointed a committee, to examine into the conduct of the said 
Capt. Holmes, respecting the premises ; and if it shall appear to 
them, that he merits to be suspended the colony's service, that 
they suspend him until the next session of this Assembly, and 
appoint another in his room, to command the said sloop in the 
mean time; and to examine and deal with Daniel Vaughan, 
the lieutenant of the Tartar, in the same manner ; and that 
the said committee have full power to summon persons before 
them, to give evidence concerning the premises ; and if the 
said officers shall be found to have been gudty of mal-conduct, 
that the committee have, and power is hereby given them, to 
commit the offender or offenders to jail, or admit him or them 
to bail, for his or their appearance before this Assembly, at its 
next session ; and that His Honor, the Governor, commission- 
ate such captain and lieutenant as shall be appointed by the 
committee, if they shall appoint any. 

It is voted and resolved, that Robert Gibbs, Stephen Hop- 
kins and George Brown, Esqs., be sued by Benjamin Nichols, 
of Newport, one of the grand committee, or colony's trustees, 
in behalf of the colony, in an action of £100,000 damage, fur 
breach of trust, in receiving of the General Assembly sundry 
pap'irs of great consequence, and neglecting to return the 
same ; and that he employ one or more attornies in said case ; 
and that the action be brought to the next inferior court of 
common pleas, to be held in the county of King's county ; and 
that the said Benjamin Nichols draw money out of the general 
treasury, to defray the charge of said suit. 

God save the King. 

VOL. V. 32 



250 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1748. 



The Duke of Bedford to the Governor and Company of B. Island. 

Whitehall, June 28, 1748. 

Gentlemen : — The act of accession of the King of Spain, as likewise that of the 
republic of Genoa, to the preliminaries signed at Aix La Chappelle, the 19th of 
April, O. S. 1748, having been signed there by their respective plenipotentiaries, 
on the 28th instant, N. S., in consequence of which, hostilities are to cease, as well 
liy sea as land, according to the terms and periods agreed upon for a suspension of 
arms, in the treaty signed at Paris, the 19th day of August, N. S., 1712, 1 herewith 
enclose to you a literal translation of the clauses of the said treaty of the 19th of 
August, N. S., 1712, which relate to this matter ; and which, together with my let- 
ter to you of 7th of May last, and the copy of His Majesty's proclamation, which was 
therein enclosed, will serve for your information, and tor the rule of your conduct 
on this occasion ; and you are to give proper directions to the end that all His 
IMnjesty's subjects in your government, may pay due obedience thereto, and strict- 
ly observe the same. 1 am, gentlemen, 

Your most obedient humble servant, 

BEDFORD. 

To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 



Procccd'nKjs of the General Assemhl//, held for the Colony of BJtode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Ncuport, the ith 3Ion- 
day of Any list, 1748. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. William EUeiy, Deputy Governor. 

AVith the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

It is voted and resolved, that all the officers and men, be- 
longing to the colony's sloop Tartar, be discharged ; and that 
the commissary take the vessel into his care, unbend her sails, 
and put all her small stores on shore, taking an inventory of 
them ; that the sloo). sliall lie id anch(n- in the road, and a num- 
ber of propci- persons, not oxceeding four, be kept on board, for 
her bf'ttor security; and in case it shall be found necessary to 
send her (.n( upon a cruise, then His Honor, the Governor, or 
in his ab.-entr. lh<- Drpniy Governor, with llio advice of such 



IT-^l^S.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 251 

of his council as slicall then he within the county of Newport, 
appoint proper officers to command said sloop ; furnish a cap- 
tain and lieutenant with proper commissions, issue a warrant 
for impressing a sufficient number of seamen, and send them 
forth against the enemy with all necessary despatch. 

It is voted and resolved, that Capt. Chaloner discharge all 
the soldiers belonging to Fort George, eight excepted ; that 
nevertheless, if there be any appearance of danger, whereby it 
may seem that the defence of the fort will require a larger 
number of soldiers, the captain is hereby empowered to issue 
a warrant to the sheriff of the county of Newport, for the im- 
pressing as many as he shall think necessary for that 
purpose. 

It is voted and resolved, tliat Josiah Arnold, Esq., and Mr- 
John Hull, both of Jamestown, and Mr. John Gardner, of South 
Kingstown, be a committee, they, or the major part of them, to 
purchase, for the colony's use, the two ferry places on the west 
side of Jamestown, with the two ferry boats, and all other ap- 
purtenances, if the same may be had at a reasonable rate, and 
cheaper than to build new ; and take a good deed of the same, 
and draw money out of the general treasury to pay therefor. 
But if said ferry places, boats, &c., cannot be purchased upon 
better terms than to build, then the said committee, or the ma- 
jor part of them, are hereby empowered and directed to build 
a good and suitable pier or wharf, for a ferry place, at the west 
end of the highway, which runs across said Jamestown, from 
ferry to ferry, and erect a suitable house on said highway, and 
purchase two suitable ferry boats as soon as conveniently may 
be, for the use of the colony ; and. draw money out of the gen- 
eral treasury to defray the same ; and immediately to hire one 
or two suitable boats for transporting over the ferry ; and ap- 
point proper persons to tend the same, until good boats may 
be purchased ; and that no other persons be licensed to keep a 
ferry on the west side of Jamestown. 

Whereas, Edward Scott, Esq. and the secretfiry were ap- 
pointed a committee, to procure the printing of all the public 
laws, now in force in this colony, that have been made since 



252 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [\748. 

the last revisal and i.rintiiig the laws, but have hitherto omit- 
ted doing the same, and the secretary altogether declines en- 
cao-ins in that business, being in a bad state of health ; — 

Wherefore this Assembly do constitute and apppoint Mr. 
James Gould, of Newport, to join Mr. Scott, in the secretary's 
room. 

Whereas, Col. Benoni Waterman and Mr. Joseph Lippitt, 
represented unto this Assembly, that the bridge over Pawtuxet 
river, commonly called Capt. Benjamin Greene's Bridge, is 
very much out of repair ; and as the same is in the country 
road, and of great service to the public, they prayed a grant of 
about £70, out of the general treasury, for repairing said 
bridge ; on consideration whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved by the Assembly, that the said Be- 
noni Waterman and Mr. Samuel Greene, be, and they are 
npiHjinted a committee, to repair the bridge aforesaid ; and 
when it is completed, that they draw out of the general treasu- 
ry the sum of £70, towards paying the charge thereof 

Whereas, the commissioners, that were appointed to run the 
line between the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, and this 
colony, did not go through that Avork in every part there- 
of;—' 

Whereupon, it is voted and enacted by the Assembly, that 
Daniel Jenckcs, Henry Harris and Stephen Hopkins, Esqs., 
be. and they, or ihc major part of tlioni, are hereby appointed 
conunissioners to linish the running said line in manner follow- 
ing, viz. : 

Beginning ;it the monument, in the north-east corner of the 
colony, set u[t by tlie former commissioners, where they left 
off, and from thence to run westerly to Connecticut line, agree- 
:ibly to the charter of this colony; and that they meet the 
third Tuesday of October next, at 12 o'clock, at Maxe's, in At- 
tloborough, ill order t(» begin said work. 

And it is i'mihov voted und enacted, that His Honor, the 
Governor, write to Ills ivxcellency, the Governor of the Mas- 
.sachusetts, informing him of this resolution ; and to request 
that commissioners may be appointed on the part of that Prov- 



1748.] AND PEOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 253 

ince, to join with the commissioners of the colony, in order to 
perform the business aforesaid. 

Whereas, the General Assembly, at their last session, in 
Newport, appointed Peter Bours, Stephen Brownell, Daniel 
Coggeshall and William Hall, Esqs., together with Messrs. 
Walter Chaloner, James Sheffield, Benoni Waterman and John 
Eldred, or the major part of them, a committee, to inquire into 
the conduct of the captain and lieutenant of the colony's sloop, 
&c. ; and the major part of the said committee having assumed 
and gone through the burthen of that province, made report as 
foUoweth, to wit : 

Report of the Committee in the case of Captain and Lieutenant 
of the jSioop Tartar. 

To the Honorable General Assembly : 

" We, the subscribers, being appointed a committee to inquire into the conduct 
of Capt. James Holmes, commander of the colony sloop Tartar, char"-ed with mis- 
demeanors in his said office; and also into the conduct of Mr. Daniel Vauohan, 
lieutenant of said sloop, with full powers to continue or suspend said officers, as 
should be found agreeably to justice ; in pursuance of which, we have met, and had 
before us the said Capt. Holmes and Mr. Daniel Vaughan, and on examining them 
and several evidences, summoned before us, came to the following resolutions 
which we now report : 

1. That as to Capt. Holmes' going out without orders, or instructions from the 
Governor, it was resolved by the committee, that his going out without orders, or 
instructions from the Governor, or the Deputj^ Governor, was a great misdemeanor ; 
but it appeared to the committee, that it was without any bad design, and princi- 
pally to keep his men on board from deserting their service. 

2. As to his conduct, in bringing to the schooner referred to by act of Assem- 
bly, and what was consequent thereupon, the committee resolved, that it did not 
appear by the evidences, that Capt. Holmes knew the said schooner was a tla" of 
truce at that time ; but as she had been at Jamaica, and was furnished with a clear- 
ance from the custom house of that island (which was produced to the committee), 
there is room to allow that Capt. Holmes might suppose her to come directly from 
thence ; but the committee was of opinion, that he greatly erred in putting his lieu- 
tenant, Mr. Daniel Vaughan, on board said schooner, as a pilot, to bring her in, as 
said Vaughan had the second command on board the colony sloop. 

3. As to the said Capt. Plolmes' not waiting upon the Governor, or in his ab- 
sence, the Deputy Governor, on his return from his cruise, the committee resolved, 
that it was a breach of duty ; and that he ought, on his return, to have waited on 
the Governor, or in his absence, the Deputy Governor, to have informed him of 
what had occurred in said cruise. 

Upon the whole, though it appeared to the committee that Capt. Holmes had 
been guilty of several misdemeanors in his conduct, as captain of said sloop, yet it 



254 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1748. 

was resolved by them, that they did not amount to sufficient cause for a suspension 
from his aforesaid post of captain of said sloop. 

With respect to Mr. Daniel Yaughan, the lieutenant of the sloop, it appeared to 
the committee, that he was put on board said schooner, by order of Capt. Holmes, 
his superior officei'; and although he declared to the committee, that one Mr. 
lli'Tht, on board her (who had with him a copy of one Capt. Haydon's commission, 
to command a privateer vessel, which was produced to the committee,) ordered 
him to carry the schooner to Coddington's Cove ; yet the committee were of 
opinion, that he erred in complying with said Right's orders, and in not bringing 
her into the harbor of Newport. But on considering the whole of his conduct, 
and the circumstances attending it, on board said schooner, the committee resolved, 
that there was not sufficient cause for to suspend him from his aforesaid office ot 
lieutenant of said sloop. 

PETER BOURS, WALTER CHALONER, 

STEPHEN BROWNELL, BENONI WATERMAN. 

WILLIAM HALL, 
Newport, August 23, 1748." 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee appointed to 
build a pier and feny house on the west side of Jamestown, 
and procure boats, &c., or the major part of the said committee, 
to treat with John Martin, of Jamestown, or whoever owns the 
piers or wharfs and ferry houses, on the west side of James- 
town, and purchase, or hire of him, said piers or wharfs 
and ferry houses, and boats, for the use of the colony, 
until those they appointed to build are fit for use ; and, if he 
refuse to let the colony have them upon reasonable terms, that 
said committee take possession of the southernmost of said 
piers or wharfs on the west side of Jamestown, and improve 
them fur the use of the colony, and for accommodating the in- 
liabitauts thereof; am], that reasonable damages be allowed by 
tlie culuny to the owners thereof, for the same, during the time 
they shall be improved for the use of the colony. 

God save the Kinji. 



The Duke of BcilJ'onl to the Governor and Compmvj of Rhode 

Island. 



Whitehall, August 9, 1748. 
Gentlemen : — In my letter of the 28th June last, I acquainted you with the King 
of Spain and the rc'pulilic of (umio.i's accession to the preliminary articles signed 
at Ai.\ la Cuappellc, the llMli of April, O. S., 1748, for restoring a general peace. 



1748.] AND PROVIDENCE PLAJ^TATIONS. 255 

I am now to inform you, that their Excellencies, the Lords Justices, have since or- 
dered a proclamation to be published, a copy of which is enclosed, declaring a ces- 
sation of hostilities against His Catholic Majesty, and the republic of Genoa, and 
their subjects, as well by sea as land ; which proclamation you are to cause to be 
published in all the proper places under your government, to the end that His Maj- 
esty's subjects there, may pay due obedience, and strictly conform themselves 
thereto. I am, gentlemen. 

Your most obedient servant, 

BEDFORD. 
To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 



Proceedings of the General Assembli/ held for the Cohmj of 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the 
last Wednesda?/ in October, 1748. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. William EUery, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

It is voted and resolved, that Daniel Jenckes, Henry Harris 
and Stephen Hopkins, Esqs., be, and they, or the major part of 
them, are hereby appointed commissioners to run the northern 
boundary line of the colony, from the stake set up by Nathan'l 
AV^oodward and Solomon Saffery, in the year 1649, upon 
Wrentham Plain, westerly, so as it may (at Connecticut river,) 
be two miles and a half to the southward of a west line ; and 
that said line be run clear through, to said Connecticut river, 
according to an agreement made between the commissioners 
of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay and this colony, 
October the 22d, 1718 ; and that they meet the first Monday 
in April next, at Pelatiah jMan's, at Wrentham, in order to be- 
gin said work ; and that His Honor, the Governor, write to 
His Excellency, the Governor of the Massachusetts Bay, in- 
forming him of this resolution ; and to request that commis- 
sioners may be appointed on the part of that government, to 
join wit!i onr commissioners, to pcrfoi-m tlic business afore- 
said. 



256 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1748. 

It is Yotcd and resolved, that the colony's sloop Tartar, to- 
gether with all her appurtenances, stores and provisions, (ex- 
cepting the warlike stores,) be sold by the commissarj^, at a 
public vendue, to the highest bidder, within ten days after 
the rising of this Assembly ; and that the commissary give 
public notice of the sale, with a list of the stores, appurtenances 
and provisions ; the price to be paid down into the general 
treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, send 
home, to Mr. Partridge, the colony's agent in Great Britain, 
copies of the muster-rolls of the officers and soldiers, enlisted 
for the expedition against Canada; together with a well attest- 
ed copy of Governor Shirley and Governor Knowles' order for 
the settlement of the pay ; and direct the agent to make ap- 
plication for the re-payment thereof, by the crown ; and that 
the former committee, viz. : George Wanton, Esq., Mr. James 
Sheffield, Stephen Hopkins, Esq. and Capt. Hobert Haszard, 
prepare said copies, and deliver them to His Honor ; and that 
said committee render an account of all their proceedings to 
the General Assembly, at their next session ; and that His 
Honor, the Governor, draw bills for payment of the above 
mentioned pa}" to the agent. 

It is voted and resolved, that Robert Gibbs, William Hop- 
kins, Daniel Jenckes, Stephen Hopkins and George Brown, 
Esqs., be, and they, or the major part of them, are hereby ap- 
pointed a committee to take into consideration the queries 
sent from the board of trade, to this colony, and prepare an 
answer thereto, and lay the same before this Assembly, at their 
next session ; that, in the mean time, the town council of each 
respective town in tliis colony, be, and they are hereby direct- 
ed to appoint a pro})cr person to take an account of the inhab- 
itants »'f each town, whites, Indians and blacks ; and deliver 
said :;cc<.nnt to the said committee; and that the same com. 
niittee take into consideration the letter from Chambers Rus- 
sell, Esq., judge of the vice admiralty, and report thereupon to 
this Asscmldy, at tlioir next session ; and that the secretary 
Iraiisiiiil a Cdpy n|" this voto to each town dcrk in this colony. 



1748.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 257 



Proclamaiion of Governor Shirley and Admiral Knoiulcs. 

His Grace, the Duke of Newcastle, having, in his letter to Governor Shirley, sig- 
nified that His Majesty, finding it necessary to employ the greatest part of his 
forces to assist his allies, and defend the liberties of Europe, had thought proper for 
the present, to lay aside the prosecution of the intended expedition against Cana- 
da, and commanded him and Governor Knowles to discharge all the forces raised 
for that service (excepting such as they should judge necessary to be kept in pay for 
securing the Province of Nova Scotia,) and to thank the officers and men, in His 
Majesty's name for their readiness and zeal to enter into his service. 

In consequence thereof, we do hereby discharge all the said officers and men (ex- 
cept four hundred,) out oT His Majesty's service, from the 31sfc of October, 1747, 
and they are hereby discharged, accordingly. 

And we do also thank them in His Majesty's royal name, for their readiness to 
engage in their country's cause against the common enemy ; and though they are 
prevented at present, of revenging themselves on a cruel, perfidious enemy, it cannot 
be doubted but the same zeal and spirit will always animate them to serve again 
whenever they are called upon. 

Given under our hands, this •28th day of October, 1 747. 

W. SHIRLEY, 
CHARLES KNOWLES. 

Thomas Hill to the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

Whitehall, June 8, 1748. 
Gentlemen : — I am directed by my lords commissioners for trade and plantations, 
to send you the enclosed heads of inquiry, and to desire your particular answer 
thereto, as soon as may be, together with your observations upon such points as you 
shall think necessary ; and you are desired to make a return thereto every six 
months, that their lordships may be apprized of any alterations which may happen 
in the circumstances of your government. 

I am, gentlemen. 

Your most obedient servant, 

THOMAS HILL. 
To the Governor and Company of the Colony of Rhode Island. 

Queries from the Board of Trade^ to the Governor and Company 
of RJiode Island. 

What is the situation of the colony under your government ; the nature of the 
country, soil and climate ; the latitudes and longitudes of the most considerable 
places in it, or the neighboring French or Spanish settlements ? Have those lati- 
tudes and longitudes been settled by good observations, or only by common compu- 
tations, and from whence are the longitudes computed ? 

What are the reputed boundaries ; and are any parts thereof disputed, what 
parts, and by whom ? 

VOL. V. .83 



258 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1748. 

What is the constitution of the government ? 

What is the trade of the colony, the number of shipping, their tonnage, and the 
number of sea-faring men, with the respective increase or diminution, within ten 
years past V 

Wliat quantity and sorts of British manufactures do the inhabitants annually 
take from hence ? 

What trade has the colony under your government, with any foreign plantations, 
or any part of Europe besides Great Britain ? How is that trade carried on '? 
What commodities do the people under your government send to, or receive from 
foreign ])!antations V 

What methods are there used to prevent illegal trade, and arc the same 
eflectual V 

What is the natural produce of the country, staple commodities and manufac- 
tures, and what value thereof in sterling money, may you annually export ? 

What mines are there V 

What is the number of inhabitants, whites and blacks ? 

Are the inhabitants increased or decreased within the last ten years, how much 
an! for what reasons V 

AVhat is the number of the militia ? 

What forts and places of defence are there within your government, and in what 
condition V 

What number of Indians have you, and how are they inclined ? 

What is the strength of the neighboring Indians ? 

What is the strength of your neighboring Europeans, French or Spaniards ? 

What elfect have the French or Spanish settlements on the continent of Ameri- 
ca, upon His ]\lajesty's plantations, especially on your colony ? 

What is the revenue arising within your government, and how is it ap- 
propriated V 

What are the ordinary and extraordinary expenses of your government ? 

What are the establishments, civil and military, within your government, and by 
what authority do the olHcers hold their places'? 

Chambers Russell io Gov. Greene. 



Charlestown, July 8th, 1 748. 
Sir :— The lords commissioners of the admiralty, having been informed that there 
was an iniquitous trade subsisting between the colony of Rhode Island and the 
King's enemies, under color of Hags of truce, have directed me to make the most 
strict inquiry into the truth of it, and if I find the same to be fact, to make proper 
remonstrances to the government of Ithode Island against such illegal pro- 
ceedings. 

I have, in compliance with their iord.ships' commands, made inquiry into the 
same, and find that there were the last year, abov.; twenty sail of vessels commis- 
sioned as (lags of truce, by the government of Khode Island, to carry prisoners to 
the French West Indies; which vessels have carried but few prisoners; but under 
color of said commissions, have carried cargoes of fish and other provisions to the 
King's enemies, and in return have brought back the produce of the French sugar 
plantations. 



1748.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 259 

And also, that several French flags of truce came to Rhode Island, with cargoes 
of molasses, sugar and indigo ; for which, they have carried back in return- 
provisions. 

And as said trade is strictly prohibited by His Majesty's proclamation, and is a 
base prostitution of the King's commission, and has a tendency to distress His Maj- 
esty's subjects and succor the enemy, I doubt not but that you'll take the utmost 
care to prevent it ; and will see that those who presume to carry on such illicit 
trade, for the future, are duly punished. 

I am, sir, your most obedient and most humble servant, 

CHAMBERS RUSSELL. 
To the Hon. William Greene, Esq., 

to be communicated to the General Court. 

Whereas, Josiah Aniold, Esq., and Mr. John Hull, both of 
Jamestown, and Mr. John Gardner, of South Kingstown, were 
by the General Assembly, appointed a committee, they, or the 
major part of them, to purchase for the colony's use, the two 
ferry places on the west side of Jamestown, with the two ferry 
boats, and all other appurtenances, if the same might be had 
at a reasonable rate, and cheaper than to build new, &c., and 
having undertaken, and gone through that work, made the fol- 
lowing report of their doings, &c, : 

*' Colony of Rhode Island, Jamestown, 
October 22d, 1748. 

Pursuant to an act of the General Assembly of this colony, held at Newport, by 
adjournment, the 28th of August, A. D., 1748, we, the subscribers, do report as 
followeth, viz. : 

That we having met and duly considered the expense of buildings suitable for fer- 
rying from the west side of Jamestown to the main, and the season being so far spent 
that we had no hopes of completing the same, so as to accommodate the country 
this winter, thought it best to buy those already erected there, and have purcliased 
the same of William Martin, for the consideration of £3,155, in bills of public 
credit; and have taken a deed of the same, made to the Governor and Company of 
the colony of Rhode Island ; which deed we have lodged in the clerk's office, in or- 
der to be recorded ; but the same cannot be done at present, there being no money 
in the treasury to discharge those bonds and mortgages, for which the land is 
surety, or we should have presented Your Honors with the deed ; £155, of the 
above sum, being in tenth bonds, the remaining sum of £3,000 we have given bond 
for payment, in two months, with interest at ten per cent. ; which we hope Your 
Honors will take into consideration, and order the money raised to discharge the 
same, lest we should be sufferers in the affair. 

We also acquaint Your Honors, that we have agreed with Thos. Spencer to keep 
the ferries two months, at the rate of £200 per annum, he being a person, who 
we well know, is capable offending and taking proper care of the boats in stormy 
weatlier ; and as Your Honors are well sensible that the purchasing the ferries was 



260 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1748. 

for the better accommodating the public, we doubt not but Your Honors -will be of 
opinion that not every person who may appear eager to give the greatest rent for 
the ferries, and perhaps for want of care and judgment in the affair, may lose one 
or both the boats, will be suitable to serve the public, as one who is capable of 
carrying passengers with safety, and taking that due care of the boats, which 
sometimes requires a good deal of judgment in bad storms. 

We would further inform Your Honors, that both the wharves want some repairs ; 
the northernmost not being sufficient to land at low water ; so that all the boats are 
obliged to come to the south wharf; which oftentimes is attended with a good deal 
of difficulty, by running each other on shore; and passengers obliged to jump their 
horses into the water, and oftentimes land, and take on board through two qr three 
boats ; so that travellers' horses are many times lamed by that means ; all which 
we thought proper to inform Your Honors of. JOSIAH ARNOLD, 

JOHN HULL, 
JOHN GARDNER." 

Which report being duly considered, this Assembly do vote 
and resolve, that the same be, and it is hereby accepted ; and 
that the committee, aforesaid, be still continued ; that they 
make such repairs at the aforementioned ferry places, as are 
necessary at present ; that they let out said ferry places until 
the session of the Assembly, in May next ; and draw money 
out of the general treasury, and discharge the aforesaid bonds 
and mortgage of the premises, as well as the rest of the pur- 
chase money. 

God save the King. 

[The following Public Laws, passed during the year 1748, are printed at 
length in the volume of public laws, published in 1767, unless repealed previous to 
that time.] 

An Act in addition to an act, entitled " An act enabling the town council of each 

town to grant licenses for the retailing strong liquors," etc. (February.) 
An Act enabling the several towns to make such town acts, as may seem to them 

meet, for the raising of monies to defray the charges of each town. (February.) 
An Aft in aildition to an act directing the attendance of petit jurors, as witnesses. 
An Act directing of gaining a legal settlement in any town in the colony, and for the 

removal of poor persons from their illegal to their legal place of settlement. 

(June.) 
An Act to prevent profane cursing and swearing. (August.) 
An Act to render the session of the General Assembly less precarious than it hatli 

been hitherto. (August.) 
An additional Act to prevent the spreading of the small pox, and other contagious 

"jckness in tiin (.-olony (Oi-tober. ) 



1749.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 261 



Proceedings of the General AssemUy, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the od, day 
of January, 1748-9. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. William Ellery, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

It is voted and resolved, that Robert Gibbs, Stephen Hop- 
kins, Daniel Jenckes and George' Brown, Bsqs., be, and they 
are hereby appointed a committee to take into consideration 
the letter from His Excellency, Governor Shirley, with the 
other papers relating to the paper currency, and make report 
thereon to this Assembly, at their next session. 

God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the 27//« day 
of February, 1748-9. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. William Ellery, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee, who were ap- 
pointed to pay off the soldiers raised for the expedition intend- 
ed against Canada, render an account, upon oath, unto His 
Honor, the Governor, how much sterling money hath been by 
them paid to the said soldiers ; and that His Honor, the Gov- 
ernor, draw bills for the same, on the lords of tiie treasury, 
payable to the agent of this colony. 



262 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1749. 

It is voted and resolved, that Stephen Hopkins, Esq., Col. 
Thomas Haszard, Capt. Job Handall and Mr. Benjamin Brown, 
be, and they are hereby constituted a committee, to examine 
into the state and condition of the several bridges in this colo- 
ny, and make report to this Assembly, at their next session, 
what bridges ought to be maintained in whole or in part, by 
the colony, and by what ways and means the other bridges 
are to be supported. 

It is voted and resolved, that the several towns in this colo- 
ny, pay the persons by them respectively appointed to take an 
account of the number of polls and rateable estate in each 
town in the government, in the year of our Lord, 1747 : and 
also the persons by them respectively appointed (in conse- 
quence of an act passed by the General Assembly, at their ses- 
sion in Providence, in October last,) to number the inhabitants 
of each town, whites, Indians and negroes ; and that the ac- 
count of all and every such person or persons, for his or their 
time, and so forth, in said afiairs, be presented to their con- 
stituents, the town council, who are hereby empowered to ex- 
amine the same, and give orders on their town treasurer for the 
payment of such sum or sums as they shall find justly due to 
the person or persons presenting his or their accounts, as 
aforesaid. 

Whereas, Peter Bours, Edward Scott and George Wanton, 
Esqs., Mr. James SheHield, the speaker and Stephen Hopkins, 
Esq., or the major part of them, were by this Assembly, at their 
session in Providence, the last Wednesday of October last, 
constituted a committee to sell for ready money, and to the 
best advantage, Ihe bills of exchange then voted and resolved 
In bo (hMwn hy His Honor, the Governor, on Mr. Part- 
ri(lg(\ lh(; colony's agent in Great Britain, for all their 
money in his hands; ihat when they had so done, they 
should exchange all the bills of credit of the neighboring gov- 
ernments they receive in pay for bills of credit of this colony, 
and bring the whole to this Assembly, to be burnt, in order to 
sink such of this colony's bills, as by acts of Assemldy are to 
bo liisl suid; : and llic said connuiKoe, or the major part of 



1749.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 263 

them, having assumed that province, and gone througli the 
business, made the following report : 

" We, the subscribers, appointed in conjunction with Stephen 
Hopkins, Esq., by the Honorable General Assembly of the 
colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, in New 
England, at their session in October past, to sell the govern- 
ment's money, in the hands of the agent Mr. Richard Part- 
ridge, do report, that ^ve have sold bills on the said agent, to 
the amount of £7,800, at the rate of exchange of £1,050 cur- 
rency, for £100 sterling ; and also, that we have received of 
Messrs. Oliver and Phillips, the sum of £3,150, old tenor, for 
the bill of £300, sterling, drawn on them by the said agent, as 
per account hereunto annexed. 

PETER BOURS, JAMES SHEFFIELD, 

EDWARD SCOTT, THOxAIAS CRANSTON." 

GEORGE WANTON, 

[Here follows a list of the bills of exchange drawn, amount- 
ing to £88,725 00 0.] 

And forasmuch, as the committee, aforesaid, have delivered 
the said sum of £88,725, in bills of public credit (old tenor), 
emitted by this colony, unto the committee, by this Assembly 
appointed to receive and tell the same, and the said committee 
having received, told and brought the said bills hither, and 
they having been burnt in the presence of this Assembly ; — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said Peter Bours, Edward 
Scott, George Wanton, James Sheffield, Thomas Cranston and 
Stephen Hopkins, be, and they are hereby discharged of the 
trust aforesaid. 

Whereas, Robert Lawton, Jonathan Peck and Matthew Al- 
len, Esqs., were, by the General Assembly, appointed a commit- 
tee, to view the several places in Middletown, proposed for lay- 
ing out a highway ; (fhd having undertaken and performed that 
service, made report of their doings, on the back of the Assem- 
bly's vote, which qualified them ; which report, follows in these 
words : 



264 RECORDS OP TILE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1749. 

" We, the subscribers (the committee within named), having 
considered the affair to us committed, and pursued the direc- 
tion to us given, as within written, do report, as follows, viz. : 

" 1. That a drift way is sufficient ; and that there be no 
open highway, as prayed for, by the petitioners. 

2. That the southwardmost place proposed to us, that is, 
from the double gate on the west side, to another gate on the 
east side of Easton's Neck, being the old accustomed way, is 
the place where said drift way shall be, in our opinion, with 
the greatest convenience. 

Given under our hands, this 27th day of February, A. D. 
1748. ROBERT LAWTON, 

JONATHAN PECK, 
MATTHEW ALLEN." 

Which report, being duly considered, this Assembly do vote 
and resolve, that the same be, and it is hereby accepted. 
God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Asscmhl//, held for the Colony of Bhode 
Idaml and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the Id day 
of May, 1749. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. William Ellery, Deputy Governor. 

ASSISTANTS. 

^Ir. Peter Bours, Mr. Robert Lawton, 

Mr. John Gardner, Mr. William Richmond, 

Mr. William Burton, Mr. Daniel Coggeshall, 
Mr. Stephen IJruwnell, 

Mr. Stephen Hopkins, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyndon, 
cloik. 



1749.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



265 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of liliode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the first Wednes- 
day of May, 1749. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. William Ellery, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 



DEPUTIES. 



Newport. 
Capt. George Wanton, 
Mr. Joseph Whipple, Jr., 
Mr. Thomas Cranston, 
Mr. John Tillinghast, 
Mr. Nicholas Easton, 
Mr. James Sheffield. 

Providence. 
]\Ir. Jonathan Randall, 
Mr. Stephen Hopkins, 
Mr. Elisha Brown, 
Mr. Daniel Jenckes. 

Portsmouth. 
Mr. Oliver Earl, 
Mr. Gideon Freeborn, Jr., 
Mr. John Allen, 
Mr. Benjamin Tucker. 

WanvicJc. 
Mr. Philip Greene, 
Mr. John Holden, 
Mr. John Greene, 
Capt. Amos Lockwood. 



Westerly. 
Capt. Silas Greenman, 
Mr. Joshua Babcock. 

New Shoreham. 
Mr. John Littlefield, 
Mr. Abel Franklin. 

North Kingstown. 
Col. Immanuel Northup, 
Capt. Daniel Fones. 

South Kingstown. 
Capt. Robert Haszard, 
Mr. Rowland Robinson. 

East 'Greenimch. 
Mr. Joseph Nichols, 
Capt. Thomas Spencer. 

Jamestown. 
Mr. Daniel Weeden, 
Mr. Joseph Clarke. 
Smithfield. 
Mr. Thomas Lapham, 
Mr. John Aldrich. 
Scitiiate. 
Mr. Thomas Ralph, 
Mr. Thomas Hudson. 



VOL. V. 



34 



266 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND 



[1749. 



Glocesier. 
Mv. Richard Steere, 
Maj. Richard Smith. 
Chcuicstoivn. 
Col. Joseph Stanton, 
Mr. James Congdon. 
West Greenwich. 
Mr. Jeremiah Ellis, 
Mr. George Gardner. 

Goveniry. 
Mr. James Colvin, 
Mr. Benjamin Nichols. 

Exeter. 
Capt. John "Weight, 
Mr. Benoni Gardner. 

Mkldletoivn. 
Capt. Robert Barker, 
Mr. Jonathan Easton. 



DEPUTIES. 

Bristol. 
Mr. Thomas Greene. 

Tiverton. 
Mr. John Howland, 
Mr. Edward Wanton. 

Little Compton. 
j\lr. William Hall, 
Mr. Nathaniel Searle. 

Warren. 
Mr. James Smith, 
Capt. Benjamin Barton. 

Gumherland. 
Mr. Israel Whipple, 
Mr. Job Bartlett. 

Richmond. 
Mr. Joseph Clarke, 
Mr. James Rogers. 



The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyn- 
don, clerk. 

The following officers, declared elected, were duly engaged : 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. William Ellery, Deputy Governor. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Mr. Peter Bours, 
Mi\ Simon Pease, 
Mr. William Burton, 
Mr. Edward Kinnicutt, 
Mr. Stephen Brownell, 



Mr. Robert Lawton, 
Mr. James Arnold, 
Mr. William Ptichmond, 
Mr. Daniel Coggeshall, 
Mr. Jeoffrey Watson. 



1749.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 207 



SECP.ETAIIY. GENERAL TREASURER, 

Mr. Thomas Ward. Mr. Thomas Richardson. 

ATTORNEY GENERAL, 

Mr. Daniel Updike. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sheriff of the county of 
Newport, provide liquor, to the amount of .£50, to entertain 
those gentlemen that shall attend the solemnity of proclaiming 
peace. 

God save the King, 



Proceedings of the General AssemMi/, held for the Coloiyj of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport, the second lion- 
da^ in tlime, 1749. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. William Ellery, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Richard Partridge, agent 
for this colony, be allowed the sum of £100, for his extraordi- 
nary trouble in the affair of the controversy respecting the 
affair of the boundary line between the Province of the Mas- 
sachusetts Bay and this colony ; and that he be allowed two 
per cent, for receiving the money granted by the crown to this 
colony, for re-paying the charge of the Canada expedition ; 
and that the agent give this colony credit for the £400 by 
him charged the 2 1st day of November, 1744, for future ser- 
vices, &c. ; and that the charge of £82, in his account, for the 
losses in the bills drawn on this colony, in favor of Oliver & 
Phillips, be not allowed, until it be further explained by the 
agent ; and that the rest of his whole account be allowed. 
• And that Peter Bours, Esq., Messrs. Thomas Cranston and 



2G8 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1749. 

Joseph Whipple, Jr., be, and they are hereby constituted a 
committee to draught a letter, to be perusec. j thi- ' -o^^kit, 
and signed by His Honor, the Governor, and sent to the agent ; 
and that he be properly empowered by this colony, to receive 
the money of the lords of the treasury, or from whomsoever 
else it may be due, for the bills of exchange that this govern- 
ment shall have a right to draw, for what they have paid the 
soldiers raised for the intended expedition against Canada, that 
hath not been already refunded this colony. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, write 
a letter, in behalf of the government, to Sir Peter Warren, re- 
questing that he would certify to the lords of the treasury, or 
where else it may be necessary, what may be within his knowl- 
edge of this government's sending the three companies raised 
for the intended expedition against Canada, to Annapolis 
Royal, by his and Governor Shirley's request ; and that he 
would be pleased to use his kind offices in procuring for this 
government, a reimbursement of their expense. 

" We, the subscribers, being appointed by the General As- 
sembly, to take an inventory of the warlike and other stores? 
&c., belonging to the colony, do report according to said ap- 
pointment, as followcth : 

We viewed at Fort George, in the lower battery, viz. : twen- 
ty-five cannon, in carriages, twenty-five sponges with staffs, 
thirty-six crab handspikes, four ladles for the cannon, and four 
cannon wormcrs, eight hundred and seventy-four cannon shot. 
On the platform, &c., twelve cannon in carriages, etc., etc. etc. 

JOHN TILLINGHAST, JAMES SHEFFIELD." 

THOMAS CRANSTON, 

[The report contains a minute account of all the military 
stores possessed by the colony, and of the places where kept ; 
also, a list of the stores belonging to the sloop-of-war Tartar ; 
among which, arc fourteen carriage and twelve swivel guns. 
The report was accepted ; the cannon, small arms and ammu- 
nition appropriated to various parts of the colony.] 



1749.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 269 

And now, this Assembly, having duly considered the premis- 
- . /!/> v^^ < -rjd I,- Ave, and it is hereby voted and resolved, 
that the aforesaid refport be, and it is hereby accepted ; and 
that all the stores therein mentioned, (excepting the musket 
balls, and also the powder in the cartouch boxes,) be forthwith 
sold at a public vendue, and the money arising thereby, be 
lodged in the general treasury ; and that a commissary be ap- 
pointed to take care of the colony's arms, and get them cleaned, 
and lodge them in the garret of the colony house, together 
with all other warlike stores belonging to the colony (except- 
ing such only as properly belong to the fort, and the cannon 
and swivel guns, which belonged to the sloop Tartar) ; and 
that no more than six small arms be left at the fort. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee, appointed by 
the General Assembly, to pay off the forces raised for the 
Canada expedition, do procure two regular attested copies of 
the muster-rolls of each company, and make oath to the truth 
of their having received the money for paying the soldiers ; 
and that His Honor, the Governor, be, and he is hereby desired 
and empowered to send the same home to England, and forth- 
with to draw bills of exchange, payable to our agent, Mr. 
Partridge, for said money, on the lords of the treasury, or any 
other, on whom the payment of the same may be incumbent. 

Whereas, Peter Bours, Esq., Messrs. Thomas Cranston and 
Joseph Whipple, Jr., were constituted a committee, to draught 
a letter to be perused by this Assembly, signed by His Honor, 
the Governor, and sent to the agent ; and having performed 
the same, and exhibited their draught ; — 

It is voted and resolved, that a letter of the same purport be 
drawn, signed by His Honor, the Governor, and sent to the 
agent, together with a copy of the record of the money burnt 
at the last session of this Assembly, held at Providence ; and 
likewise a copy of the act empowering His Honor, the Gov- 
ernor, to draw bills for what has, by the colony, been paid the 
soldiers raised for the Canada expedition. 

God save the King. 



270 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND 



[1749. 



[At the close of the October session, 1718, (p. 256,) a committee was appointed to 
answer the queries of the board of trade, relative to the population of the colony, 
etc. There is not among the records of the secretary's office, any copy of this 
report. The statement hereto annexed, is taken from ^^ Douglass' Summary, etc., 
of the Jirst planting, progressive improvements and present state of the British set- 
tlements in North America." London, 1754. Vol. 2, p. 89. From its precise- 
ness, it was doubtless copied from the original, in H. B. M. State Paper Office, in 
London.] 



17 4 8 



17 4 9 



Townships. 



Newjiort 

Providence 

Portsmouth 

Warwick 

Westerly 

New Shoreham . . . 
North Kingstown, . 
South Kingstown, . 

Greenwich 

Jamestown 

Smithfield 

Scituatc 

Gloeester 

Charlestown . . . . 
West (ircenwich,. 

Coventry 

Exeter 

Middletown 

Bristol 

Tiverton 

Little Compton . . 

Warren 

CuniVii-rland 

Ricliniond 



5335 

3177 

807 

1513 

1701 

260 

1665 

1405 

956 

284 

400 

1210 

1194 

641 

757 

769 

1103 

586 

928 

842 

1004 

600 

802 

500 



888 58 119 28439 3077 1257 51 



110 

225 

134 

176 

59 

20 

184 

380 

61 

110 

30/ 

16 

8 

58 

8 

16 

63 

76 

128 

99 

62 

50 

4 

5 



68 
50 
51 
93 
49 
20 
86 
193 
27 
26 
20 
6 

303 
1 



Governor Greene io Txichard Pcirtridcje, Agent for Rhode Island, 

in London. 



Newport, June 18, 1749. 
Sir:— The letters I have lately received from you, with that directed to the com- 
mittee who disposed of the sterling money in your hands, have been communicated 
to the General Assembly, who have ordered me to inform you, that on examining 



1749.] 



AND PEOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 271 



the accounts of your agency, they find £400 charged November 21st, 1744, as a 
reserve in your hands, for future services ; for which, they judge you ought to have 
given credit, inasmuch as all the expenses from that time to this, which you have 
been at on the colony's behalf, are charged in your several accounts. 

The article of £82, charged as a loss on the bills of exchange you drew, payable 
to Messrs. Oliver & Phillips, the Assembly expects a further explanation of the 
equity and reasonableness of, before they can readily allow of it. 

And as to the article of commissions, for negotiating the affair of the money ad- 
vanced by this government for the Canada expedition, they have voted you two 
per cent, for receiving the same ; as they have also, £I00, as a gratuity for your 
extraordinary trouble respecting the boundary line between the Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay and this colony ; the remainder of your account seems to meet 
with approbation. 

You have herewith sufficient power to qualify you in behalf of the government 
to receive the money we have advanced for paying the officers and soldiers raised 
for the Canada expedition, together with attested copies of the muster-rolls and 
the oaths of the committee, Avho received the money from the government to pay 
the same ; and doubt not, as it was expended at the request of the Duke of New- 
castle, in behalf of the crown, that we shall, on your application, be immediately 
reimbursed. 

As to Mr. Lockman's petition, relating to the naval office, we doubt not but that 
the two acts of Parliament, made in King Charles 2d, and King William's reigns, 
relating to said office, will sufficiently vindicate the colony's conduct in rejecting 
his patent ; and as to his aspersions so liberally cast on us, was his character as 
well known in London, as it is in Rhode Island, he would not have access to any 
public board, to spread his false reports, which it is obvious are only the result of 
bis disappointment. 

As to the bill in Parliament, relating to the paper currency, the Assembly ex- 
pects you will strenuously oppose it ; since, should it pass into a law, it would anni- 
hilate all the legislative power granted to this colony, in their charter ; and, as we 
judge that we have not acted anything to forfeit those privileges, we hope on an im- 
partial consideration, we shall not be stripped of them. The multiplicity of the 
paper bills emitted by New England, ought to be considered as owing, in a great 
degree, to the expeditions the inhabitants have engaged in, for His Majesty's ser- 
vice. Witness the undertaking in 1710, to reduce Port Royal and Canada, which 
first gave occasion for striking off bills of credit; and witness the remarkable Cape 
Breton exploit, which procured such an inundation of them from the Pi-ovince of 
the Massachusetts Bay, which has overwhelmed that Province and the other gov- 
ernments of New England ; also, and we would observe, that all the money allowed 
us on account of the Canada expedition, has been appropriated to the sending the 
whole amount thereof, in bills emitted by this colony, as will also that which is 
granted us by Parliament, for the Cape Breton undertaking, as soon as yoa shall 
have received it. 

We are surprised at Governor Shirley's writing as you inform us he has, 
to the lords of the treasury ; you have been informed that the chiefest part of the 
charge of the transports and provisions in our accounts, was owing to the attempts 
we made of succoring Nova Scotia, at the pressing instance of Mr. Shirley, in con- 
junction with Admiral ^\'arrcu, and in obedience to His Majesty's instructions to 



272 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1749. 

this colony, Anno 1745, copies of which you have herewith, to support those 

articles. 

We are persuaded, on strict inquiry, you will find^that all the expense the Prov- 
ince of the Massachusetts was at on the same occasion, and at that very time, 
has been by their Governor charged to the crown, and .very likely paid to them be- 
fore now -, and as Admiral Warren was in Newport when our forces sailed for An- 
napolis, and assured us he would serve the government whenever in his power, the 
General Assembly have ordered me to address him for his friendly assistance in 
this case, and to desire him to declare before the board, who will Inquire into these 
charges In our accounts, what he knows of the conduct of the colony relating to 
that undertaking. Enclosed, Is a letter to him for that purpose, which you are to 
wait on him and to deliver yourself. If he be in London, and to inform him of the dif- 
ficulties we are under, and to solicit his kind interposition to serve us as far as may 
be consistent with justice, which no doubt he will readily do. 

Your assured friend, 

WILLIAM GREENE. 

To liichard Partridge. 



Proceedings of the General AssemU/j held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, on the third 
Monday in Aiiyiist, 1749. 

The lion. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. William Ellery, Depnty Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Whereas, Peter Bours, Simon Pease and George Wanton, 
Es({s., Messrs. Thomas Cranston and James Sheffield, were by 
this Assembly, at their last session, constituted a committee to 
audit the grand committee's accounts, and to receive of them 
what money was in their office, paid in for tenths ; and also to 
receive of Jonathan Nichols, Esq., the £'3,000 delivered to him 
by a former committee, to be exchanged, and burn the whole 
of said monies when by them so received ; and to make report 
of their doings to this Assembly. And those gentlemen hav- 
ing performed that work, exhibited an account of the same by 
tiiem stated, with their report thereon, as follows, to wit : 



1T49.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 273 



Mr. Benjamin Nichols, one of the grand committe, 

To the colony of Ehode Island, Dr. 

£ s. d. 

1745-6. February. To cash paid by Jahleel Brenton, Esq., 1,600 00 

1747. June. " " " Messrs. Benjamin Haszai'd, Thos. 

" " To Cranston and John Channing, a committee 

appointed by the Assembly 6,239 02 6 

" " " Mortgages and bonds, agreeing of the third 

bank, delivered by Jahleel Brenton, Esq.,. . .22,394 17 3 
" " " Mortgages and bonds, agreeing of the fourth 

bank, delivered by said Brenton 36,648 08 

" " " A number of bonds without mortgages, of the 

third and fourth banks 2,383 19 7 

" " " Mortgages and bonds of the fifth bank 101,397 10 

" " " Mortgages and bonds of the sixth bank 101,966 00 

" " " Mortgages and bonds of the seventh bank in 

[new tenor, £20,078 Is. 
" " " " " reckoned in old tenor. . 80,313 04 

" " " mortgages and bonds of the eighth bank, in 

[new tenor, £40,001 
" " " " " reckoned in old tenor, 160,004 00 
" " " a number of bonds, delivered by Daniel Up- 
dike, Esq., in May, 1746 12,029 12 



£524,975 13 4 

Mr. Benjamin Nichols, of the grand committee, 

To the colony of Rhode Island, Cr. 

£ s.d. 

1746. May 26. By cash paid to Messrs. Samuel Wickham and 

Abraham Redwood, a committee appointed by 
the General Assembly, who burnt the same, as 
per report made 1,600 00 00 

1747. June 11. " cash paid to Messrs. Benjamin Haszard, Thomas 

Cranston and John Channing, a committee ap- 
pointed by the General Assembly, who burnt the 

same, as per report 21,241,13 00 

" " " cash paid to Messrs. Jas. Sheffield and Thos. Cran- 

ston, a committee appointed by the General As- 
sembly, who burnt the same, as per report made, 16,700 00 00 
1749. Aug. 15. " cash paid to Messrs. Peter Bours, Simon Pease, 
George Wanton, Thomas Cranston and James 
Sheffield, a committee appointed by the General 

Assembly, to receive and burn the same 26,722 02 10 

Balance in Mr. Benjamin Nichols' hands, 458,711 17 06 



£524,975 13 04 

VOL. V. 35 



274 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1749. 

" We, the subscribers, beinc; appointed by the General Assembly, a committee, 
to audit the grand committee's accounts, and to receive what money was in the 
grand committee's office, paid in for tenths, and to burn the same ; and also to 
receive of Capt. Jonathan Nichols the £3,000 delivered to him by a former com- 
mittee, to be exchanged, do report : 

That we have carefully examined into the lists of the mortgages and bonds, in 
the office ; and also the sums which have been paid into, and delivered out of 
said office, since the time that Jahleel Brenton, Esq., resigned the same, and do 
find, that there is at present in the hands of Mr. Benjamin Nichols, as a bal- 
ance, £458,711 17s. Gd., as appears by the above account. We also report, that 
there is in said Nichols' custody, a number of mortgage deeds, without bonds to 
match them, amounting to £38,639 12s. id., agreeably to a list of them taken 
when said Jahleel Brenton, Esq., delivered them to Capt. Jonathan Nichols, his 
successor. We do further report, that we have received of the aforesaid Benjamin 
Nichols, £2G,722 2s. lOd., old tenor, as he is credited for in the aforegoing ac- 
count, (including in said sum, £8S said Benjamin Nichols paid to Joseph Tur- 
pin, by order of Assembly, for the same sum lost by him, of this colony's money,) 
which we have burnt, pursuant to the act of Assembly ; and that we cannot find 
that there were £3,000 delivered to Capt. Jonathan Nichols by any former com- 
mittee, but suppose the mistake to arise from the article of £6,239 2s. 6d., paid to 
Mr. Benjamin Nichols, as he stands chai-ged with in the account above stated. 

AH which, we submit to the Honorable General Assembly. 

PETER BOURS, GEORGE WANTON, 

SIMON PEASE, JAMES SHEFFIELD, 

THOMAS CRANSTON, 

Newport, August 19, 1749. 



And now, this Assembly^ having taken the said report into 
consideration, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is hereby voted and resolved, 
that the same be, and it hereby is accepted ; and that the ac- 
count by said committee charged against the colony, for their 
time, trouble, &c., in auditing the aforementioned accounts, be 
allowed ; and the amount thereof, being £112 \0s., paid them 
out of the general treasury. 

Whereas, James Mussey, of Mendon, represented to this As- 
sembly, that at the session thereof, in August and October, 
1748, Daniel Jenckes, Henry Harris and Stephen Hopkins, 
Esqs., were appointed commissioners, they, or the major part 
of them, to run the northern boundary line of this colony, from 
llie stake set up by Nathaniel Woodward and Solomon Saffery. 
in the year 1642, as by said acts may appear ; but as the said 



1749.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 275 

commissioners have hitherto neglected to perform said work, 
according to the intent of said acts, the aforesaid James Mus- 
sey, and others, who are now under the jurisdiction and gov- 
ernment of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay (as they 
apprehend, wrongfully,) prayed that this Assembly would, at 
their present session, be pleased to appoint three or more such 
gentlemen, commissioners, to run the northern boundary line 
of this colony, according to charter, who will undertake said 
business, and go through with it, according to an agreement 
made between the commissioners of this colony, and one of, and 
for said Province, January 19, 1710-11 ; that they may be 
under the jurisdiction and government of this colony, as they 
think by charter, they ought ; — 

On consideration whereof, it is voted and resolved, that the 
aforesaid petition be, and it is hereby granted ; and that Jona- 
than Randall, Thomas Lapham and Richard Steere, Esqs., be, 
and they, or the major part of them, are hereby constituted a 
committee to run the above mentioned line ; and they also are 
fully empowered to appoint a surveyor or surveyors, and chain- 
men ; and to appoint time and place to begin said work ; and 
that the secretary acquaint the Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay, of this act being passed ; and to request them to appoint 
a a committee to join with ours, in running said line ; and that 
if none be appointed by said Province, that our committee pro- 
ceed and run said line ex parte. 

An Act for laying a drift-way through part of Middletown. 

Whereas, it is necessary that there should be a way for His 
Majesty's subjects to pass and re-pass from that part of Middle- 
town, in the county of Newport, called Sachmeast Beach, across 
to Easton's Beach, for the want of which, the inhabitants of Lit- 
tle Compton and Middletown, are greatly hindered in passing 
to and from Newport, no public way ever having been provided 
and laid out ; — 

Be it therefore enacted, and it is hereby enacted by the au- 
thority of this General Assembly, that there shall be a drift- 
way of a convenient breadth, laid out by the town of Middle- 



276 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAM) [1749. 

town, from the double gate on the west side, to another gate on 
east side of Easton's Neck (being the old accustomed way) ; 
and that the town council of Middletown are hereby required 
to lay out said drift-way, within one month from the rising of 
this General Assembly, in the manner and under the direc- 
tions, that highways are laid out in this colony, agreeably to 
the laws now in force in this colony ; and that the same shall 
be done at the charge of the said town of Middletown ; and 
that if there be any persons' land to be run through, in laying 
out said way, who will not grant the same for the said public 
use, that the said town council do proceed to agree with said 
proprietor or owner thereof, and pay therefor in the same man- 
ner as is directed by other laws made for laying out highways 
in this colony. 

And be it enacted, that the said drift-way so to be laid, shall, 
when laid out, be, and remain a public drift-way, for the use of 
His Majesty's subjects, for ever. 

God save the King-. 



Proceedings of the General AssemUf/ held for the Colony of 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kings- 
town the last Wednesday in Octoher, 1749. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. William Ellery, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Whereas, Messrs. Daniel Updike, James Honeyman, Jr., 
Matthew Robinson and John Aplin, attornies at law, by a me- 
morial und(n- tlioir hands, have represented unto this Assembly, 
that the judges of the superior court of judicature, &c., in this 
colony, have, of late, judicially determined that the statues of 
that part of Great Britain, formerly called England, are not in 
force in this government, except such as are introduced by 



1749.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 277' 

some law of the colony ; and this, notwithstanding that in all 
time heretofore, the courts throughout the colony, hoth superior 
and inferior, have admitted such of the said statutes as relate 
to the common law, to be in force here, and have adjudged up- 
on them as such, so that there has been no occasion of an act 
of Assembly for the formal introduction of those statutes ; but, 
as the case now stands, the laws of this colony are altogether 
imperfect, and rarely any one law proceeding can be commenc- 
ed or brought to issue ; — 

And now this Assembly, having taken the premises into 
consideration, do vote and resolve, and it is hereby voted and 
resolved, that the memorialists be, and they are hereby consti- 
tuted a committee to prepare a bill for introducing into this 
colony, such of the statutes of England as are agreeable to 
the constitution, and present the same to this Assembly at 
their next session. 

Whereas, several bills of exchange drawn by His Honor, 
the Governor, in behalf of this colony^ on Mr. Agent Partridge, 
were protested; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Gov- 
ernor, draw new bills on the agent, for the sums contained in 
those bills, which already have been, or hereafter may be pro- 
tested ; together with the lawful damages and interest accruing 
thereon, and lodge them with the general treasurer. 

It is also voted and resolved, that the proprietors of said 
protested bills, receive of the treasurer those new bills in lieu 
of the old ones, if they think proper ; but if any of the proprie- 
tors of said protested bills, shall choose to have currency for 
them, they shall be paid by the treasurer at the rate of £950 
per cent, advance ; and for raising said money, those new bills, 
if refused by the proprietors of the old ones, shall be disposed 
of by the treasurer, to other persons. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that His Honor, the 
Governor, write to the agent, directing him to honor those new 
bills which shall be drawn on him, as aforesaid ; and if he has 
not cash in his hands belonging to the government, sufBcient 
to pay the same, that he hire what shall be wanting, upon the 



278 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1749- 

best terms he can, imtil he be in cash of the colony's, for pay- 
ing the same. 

It is voted and resolved, that Peter Bours, Stephen Hopkins 
and Daniel Jenckes, Esqs., with Capt. Robert Haszard, be, and 
the}', or the major part of them, are constituted a committee 
to prepare an account (agreeably to the letter of the Duke of 
Bedford, one of His Majesty's principal secretaries of state, to 
the Governor and Company of this colony ),=== of the tenor and 
amount of all the bills of credit which have been created and 
issued l)y this government, and are now outstanding ; distin- 
guishing the amount of them here ; and the respective times 
when such bills so outstanding, were issued, with the amount 
of the said bills in money of Great Britian, both at the times 
when such were issued, and at this time ; and also at the time 
fixed for calling in, sinking, and discharging such bills, and 
the funds appropriated for that purpose ; and that the said 
committee present the said account to be by them so prepared, 
unto this Assembly, at their next session. 

God save the Kin";. 



'"■= The DuJce of Bedford io the Governor and Comimmj of Rhode 

Island. 

Whitehall, July 19, 1749. 

Gentlemen: — Upon the 30th of May last, the House of Commons presented an 
humble address to the Kinj^, desiring " that His Majesty would be gi-aciously pleas- 
ed to <rive directions that there be laid before that House, in the next session of 
I'arliament, an account of the tenor and amount of all the bills of credit, which 
have been created and issued in the several British colonies and plantations in 
America, as well those under proprietors and charters, as under His Majesty's im- 
mediate commission and government, that shall be then outstanding; distinguishing 
the amount of the same, in each colony or plantation ; and the respective times, 
when such bills, so outstanding, were issued, with the amount of the said bills in 
money of Great Britain, both at the times when such bills were issued, and at the 
timeof preparing the said account; and also the times fixed for the calling in, 
sinking and discharging such bills, and the funds appropriated for that purpose." 

And I am now, in consequence thereof, commanded by His RLijesty, to signify 
his pleasure to you, that you should order all such accounts, so far as they relate to 



1750.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 279 

[The following Public Laws, passed during the year 1749, are printed at 
length in the volume of public laws, published in 1767, unless repealed previous 
to that time.] 

An Act for the meeting and sitting of the superior court, in Providence 
(January.) 

An Act to prevent hogs going at large in the compact parts of Newport and Provi- 
dence. (February.) 

An Act to prevent the fish being stopped in their course up Pawcatuck river. 
(February.) 

An Act for the relief of insolvent debtors that are or shall bo imprisoned. Feb- 
ruary.) 

An Act appointing a committee to build a light house on Beaver Tail, in James- 
town. (February.) 

An Act enabling the clerks of the inferior courts in the colony for the time being, 
to surrogate and appoint deputies under them. (June.) 

An Act ascertaining how payment shall be made for erecting a light house on Bea- 
ver Tail. (June.) 

An Act for regulating the light house. (August.) 

An Act against adultery, polygamy and unlawfully marrying persons ; and for the 
relief of such persons as are injured by the breach of marriage covenants. (Oc- 
tober.) 

An Act to pi-event unlawful gaming. (October.) 



Proceedings of the General Assenibli/, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations^ at South Kingstoivn, the last 
Tuesday in Fehruary^ 1749-50. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. William Ellery, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Whereas, Jonathan Randal, Thomas Lapham and Richard 
Steere, Esqs., were by the General Assembly of this colony, at 



your government, to be prepared and transmitted forthwith to me, that I may lay 
the same before His Majesty, and receive his farther pleasure thereupon, with re- 
gard to their being laid before Parliament. 

I am, gentlemen. 

Your most obedient servant, 

BEDFORD. 
To the Governor and Compraiy of Rhode Island, 



280 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1750. 

their session in Newport, the third Monday in August last, ap- 
pointed a committee to run the northern boundary line of this 
colony, according to the charter, &c., and the gentlemen afore- 
named, having gone through that work, made the following 
report of their conduct : 

Report on the the Northern Boundary Line. 

" To the Honorable General Assembly, at South Kingstown, In and for the colony 

of Rhode Island, on the last Tuesday of February, Anno Domini 1749. 

In pursuance of a commission to us given, for running the northern boundary 
line of this colony, according to charter, &c., the commission bearing date Septem- 
ber the 25th, 1749, we did seasonably inform the secretai-y of this colony that we 
had appointed to meet at Man's, in Wrentham, on the 9th day of October, follow- 
ing, when we would meet with a committee of the Province, if any should be ap- 
pointed, and proceed on the business aforementioned ; and we did accordingly 
meet on the said 9th day of October, at said Man's, together with Henry Harris, 
Esq., surveyor, and Israel Wilkinson and Christopher Waterman, chainmen, ready 
to proceed on the business ; but no committee from the Province appearing, we 
postponed the business intended, till the 30th of said October; when we met again, 
and no person appearing on the part of the Province, we did then effect the busi- 
ness we met on ; concerning which, we do report as foUoweth : 

That we not being able to find any stake, or other monument, which we could 
imagine to be set up by Woodward and Saffery, but knowing that the place 
thereof was described in the agreement mentioned in our commission, by certain 
invariable marks, we did proceed as foUoweth, viz. : 

We found a place where Charles river formed a large crescent southerly ; which 
place is known to many, by the name of Poppotatick Pond, which we took to be 
the southernmost part of said river ; from the southernmost part whereof, we mea- 
sured three English miles south, which three English miles did terminate upon a 
plain, in a township called Wrentham, about a quarter of a mile north-easterly 
from the dwelling house of Thomas Man's ; as also about a quarter of a mile south- 
easterly from the house of Kobert Blake, where we marked a pine tree, and erect- 
ed a monument of stones, and found the same to be in latitude forty-two degrees 
eight minutes north ; which we made for the north-east bound of this colony. 

And we do further report, that from said tree, we did proceed to run the north- 
ern boundary line of this colony on a west course, with a variation of eight degrees 
and a lialf, as the west variation from the magnetic needle ; in the course of which 
running, we did mark many trees ; said line passing over the southernmost part of 
a certain pond, called Manchaug Pond, ahd did terminate about thirty rods east- 
ward of a small pond, calleil Grassy Pond, at a black oak tree, which we marked ; 
and did erect a monument of stones about it ; which tree, we marked for the north- 
western bounds of this colony, it being about twenty-two miles from said pine tree 
to said black oak. Reported and humbly submitted by 

.lONATHAN RANDALL, 



Providence, January 22d, 1749-50." 



RICHARD STEERE, 
THOMAS LAPHAM. 



1750.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 281 

And now, this Assembly, having taken the said report into 
consideration ; — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is hereby voted and resolved, 
that the said report be accepted. 

Whereas, this Assembly, at their session in Newport, on the 
third Monday of August last, appointed commissioners to run 
the northern boundary line of this colony, with directions, that 
if the commissioners should not be appointed on the part of 
the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, to join with them 
therein, they should proceed to run said line ex parte. As no 
commissioners were appointed by the Province in season, the 
gentlemen appointed by the colony, run the said line ex parte, 
and made report thereof to this Assembly, which hath been 
accepted. But nevertheless, upon advice from the Province, 
that they have appointed commissioners since our committee 
run the line, as aforesaid ; — 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is hereby voted 
and resolved, that Jonathan Randall, Richard Steere and Thos. 
Lapham, Esqs., and Capt. Joseph Harrison, or the major part 
of them, be, and they are hereby appointed commissioners, and 
fully empowered to join with the commissioners of the Prov- 
ince of the Massachusetts Bay, at Pelatiah Man's in Wren- 
tham, the second Tuesday of April next, to run or perambulate 
the northern boundary line of this colony, according to charter, 
from the stake set up by Nathaniel Woodward and Solomon 
Saffery, in the year 1642, pursuant to agreement made be- 
tween the commissioner of this colony, and one of, and for the 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay, January the 19th, in the 
year 1710-11, with full power to appoint a surveyor or sur- 
veyors, and chainmen. ' 

And it is also voted and resolved, that the gentlemen on the 
part of the colony, be commissioned for the end and purpose 
aforesaid, by His Honor, the Governor. 

Whereas, the town council of Middletown, in this colony, 
have represented unto this Assembly, that on consideration of 
the necessity of a way for His Majesty's subjects to pass and 
ro-pass from that part of Middletowu, called Sachneast Beach, 

VOL. V. 36 



282 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1750. 

across to Easton's Beach, the General Assembl3% at their ses- 
sion in Newport, the third Monday of August last, did order 
and direct that there should be a drift-way of a convenient 
width laid out by the said town of Middletown, from the dou- 
l)le gate on the west side, to another gate on the east side of 
Easton's Neck, being the old accustomed way, &c. ; since 
which, it hath been discovered that the land from the said dou- 
ble gate, westerly, down to the creek, on Easton's Beach, be- 
longeth to private persons, as likewise does the land to the 
eastward of the other gate, aforementioned, for some small 
distance, so that it will be to no purpose to lay out a drift-way 
from one of the said gates to the other, unless the same be ex- 
tended farther each way : 

Whereupon, they prayed this Assembly to empower them 
to lay out a drift-way from the creek, on Easton's Beach, to 
the double gate, aforesaid ; and from thence easterly down to, 
and along Sachneast Beach, until it comes to that part 
v\^ said Beach, wdiich was reserved by the town of Middletown, 
for all persons whomsoever to pass and re-pass over, as often 
as occasion should require, forever ; and this Assembly taking 
the premises into consideration, do grant the said petition ; — 

And it is voted and resolved, that the said town council of 
Middletown, be, and they are hereby empowered to lay out a 
drift-way from the creek on Easton's Beach, to the double gate, 
aforesaid ; and from thence, to the other gate, aforesaid ; and 
from thence, easterly, down to, and along said Sachneast Beach, 
until it comes to that part of said Sachneast Beach, reserved 
by the town of Middletown for all persons, whomsoever, to 
pass and re-})ass over as often as occasion shall require, 
forever. 

Whereas, this Assembly, at their session, in South Kings- 
town, on the last Wednesday of October last, appointed a com- 
mittee to prepare an account (agreeably to the letter of the 
Duke of Bedford, one of His Majesty's principal secretaries 
of state to the Governor and Company of this colony,) of the 
tenor and amount of all the bills of credit Avhich have been 
created and i^;sued ))y this governuient. and are now oulstand- 



1750.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 283 



ing, &c., and the major part of the committee having assumed 
that province, and perpetrated the business, made report to this 
Assembly, as followeth : 

" The colony of Rhode Island, in the year 1728, emitted £40,000, in bills of pub- 
lic credit, equal then to £12,800 sterling, to be let on loans on land security of 
double the value, and at five per cent, per annum interest, for thirteen years ; the 
interest was appropriated to the repairing and furnishing Fort George ; the princi- 
pal to be sunk by ten equal annual payments; two of which are yet outstanding, 
ec|ual to £727 5s. 6d. sterling; and the sinking thereof, will be completed in the 
year 1751. 

And in the year 1731, the colony emitted £60,000, in bills of public credit, equal 
then to £16,841 17i'. id. sterling, to be let out on loan on land security, of double 
the value, at five per cent, per annum interest, for ten years ; the interest was ap- 
propriated to encourage raising hemp, flax and the catching of fish and making oil, 
by proper bounties given by the emitting act ; the principal to be sunk by ten 
equal payments; two of which are yet outstanding, equal to £l,090 18s. Sd. ster- 
ling; and the sinking of it will be finished in the year 1751. 

And in the year 1733, the colony emitted £100,000, in bills of public credit, 
equal to £25,396 16s. sterling, to be let out on loan, on land security, of double the 
value, and at five per cent, per annum interest, for ten years ; the interest was to 
be appropriated to purchasing of cannon for Fort George, and erecting a pier at 
Block Island ; the principal to be sunk by ten equal annual payments ; four of 
which are yet outstanding, equal to £3,627 5s. 6c/. sterling ; and the sinking of this 
sum will be completed in the year 1753. 

Aofain, in the year 1733, the colony emitted £100,000, in bills of public credit, 
equal then to £19,753 Is. 4c?. sterling, to be let on loan, on land security, of double 
the value, at five per cent, per annum interest, for ten years ; the interest was ap- 
propriated to the building of a state house, for the colony, and a light house, for the 
benefit of navigation ; the principal to be sunk by ten equal annual payments ; nine 
of which are yet outstanding, equal now to £8,181 16s. 4d. sterling; and the sink- 
ing of this sum will be completed in the year 1758. 

Again, in the year 1740, the colony emitted £20,000, in bills of a new tenor, 
equal to £80,000 of their former bills, and to 15,802 8s. sterling, to be let out on 
loan, on land security, of double the value, on interest, for ten years, at four per 
cent per annum ; the interest appropriated to building a guard sloop for the colo- 
ny, and paying the colony's expenses in the expedition to the West Indies ; the 
principal to be sunk by ten equal annual payments, the whole of which is now 
outstanding; and is equal to £7,272 14s. 6d. sterling ; the sinking of this sum will 
be completed in the year 1760. 

And lastly, in the year 1743, the colony emitted £40,000, of the new tenor bills, 
equal to £160,000, in bills of the old tenor ; and to £28,444 5s. 4d. sterling, to be 
let out on loan, on land security, of double the value, to pay interest ten years, at 
four per cent, per annum ; which was appropriated to put the colony in a posture 
of defence, during the war ; the principal to be pa*id in ten equal annual payments ; 
and the whole of this sum is now outstanding, and is now ec[ual to £14,545 9s. Id. 
sterling; and the smking of it will be completed in the year 1763. 

At divers times, from the year 1 710, to the year 174 7, the colony has emitted bills 



284 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1750. 

of credit to the amount of £312,300, old tenor ; and there bath been called in and 
burnt, at several times from the year 1728 to 1748, £ 176,904 Cs. lOd. ; and by the 
last settlement ot the general treasurer's account, it appears that there was then in 
the public treasury, £24,891 10.-;. 10(/., from all which, it appears that there is now 
outstanding of the bills issued to supply the treasury, £110,444 2s. od. ; the whole 
of which outstanding sum, was issued in the years 1746 and 1747, and is equal 
to £10,040 7.S. 5^/. sterling. 

And the Parliament having granted to this colony, for their services in the Cape 
Breton expedition, £6,332 12s. lOd. sterling, and the colony having paid, by order 
of the crown, the wages of the officers and soldiers raised for the Canada expedition, 
£3,000 sterling, the said two sums being £9,332 12s. 10(7. sterling, are a fund for sink- 
ing so much of the colony's outstanding bills ; and the remainder being £708 14s, 
7(1, sterling, is to be called in and sunk, by a tax on the inhabitants of this colony. 

The reason of the great depreciation observable in the bills issued by this colony, 
is, because the inhabitants of New England constantly consume a much greater 
quantity of British manufactures than their exports are able to pay for ; which 
makes such a continual demand for gold, silver and bills of exchange, to make re- 
mittances with, that the merchants, to procure them, are always bidding one upon 
another, and thereby daily sink the value of paper bills, with which they purchase 
them. 

And it IS plain, that where the balance of trade is against any country, that such 
part of their medium of exchange as hath universal currency, will leave them, ; and 
such part of their medium as is confined to that country, will sink in its value, in 
proportion as the balance against them is to their trade ; for what hath been the 
case with Rhode Island bills, hath also been the common fate of all the paper bills 
issued by the other colonies of New England ; they having been all emitted at near 
equal value, and have always passed at par one with another, and consequently 
have equally sunk in their value. 

And this will always be the case with infant countries, that do not raise so 
much as they consume ; either to have no money, or if they have, it must be worse 
than that of their richer neighbors, to compel it to stay with them." 

Which report, behig duly considered, this Assembly do vote 
and resolve, and it is hereby voted and resolved, thart His 
Honor, the Governor, transmit the substance thereof, under his 
hand, to Mr. Agent Partridge, to be by him delivered to His 
Grace, the Duke of Bedford, one of His Majesty's principal sec- 
retaries of state, in answer to His Grace's letter to this colony, 
abitut the bills of public credit emitted here, &c. ; and also 
that a duplicate thereof^ be sent to the said agent, for his own 
use. 

And at the same time, the committee aforesaid, presented 
with their report, what follows : 



1750.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



285 



The colony for all the money emitted for supply of tlie treasury, 



May. 


To cash emitted 


October. 


11 11 


11 


November. 


a 11 


(1 


June. 


(( u 


(1 


November. 


It 11 


(1 


June. 


11 11 


11 


June. 


11 ti 


11 


February. 


11 11 


11 


July. 


11 11 


a 


June. 


11 11 


11 


May. 


11 11 


li 


September. 


11 11 


11 


May. 


11 11 


" 


October. 


(. 11 


11 


March. 


11 (1 


It 


May. 


11 11 


ti 


September. 


11 11 


tt 


June. 


11 11 


11 


February. 


U 11 


11 


February. 


11 11 


It 



Dr. 

£5,000 

1,000 

1,000 

6,000 

300 

46,000 

2,000 

1,000 

4,000 

30,000 

10,000 

10,000 

8,000 

8,000 

10,000 

15,000 

20,000 

45,000 

60,000 

30,000 



£312,300 



For -what has been burnt, Cr. 
£ s. d. 
June. By cash burnt at several times before this date, as 

appears by a settlement of the general treasurer, 12,550 00 00 

By cash burnt this year 9,019 16 10 

" " 3,604 07 09 

" " 6,430 10 07i 

" 1,3761306 

" " 2,381 06 Oli 

" " 3,946 02 06 

" " - 1,015 13 01 

" " 3,525 09 OOi 

" " 4,042 02 05 

" " 26,269 15 10 

" " 14,077 09 02 

" " 88,725 00 00 

£176,964 06 IQh 
Balance due from the colony 135,335 13 01^ 

£312,300 00 00 

" "We, the subscribers, being appointed a committee, to inquire int o the state 
of the bills of public credit, that have at any time been emitted by the colony of 
Rhode Island, do report : 



286 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1750. 

That the colony hath issued for the supply of the general treasury, at the times 
noted on the debt side of the above account, £312,300 ; and that there hath been 
burnt at the times noted ou the credit side of this account, £176,964 65._10(/. ; and 
that there is now circulating of bills of credit emitted by the colony, for a supply of 
the treasury, £135,335 13s. Id. PETER BOURS, 

STEPHEN HOPKINS, 

Newport, February 27, 1749. DANIEL JENCKES." 

And this Assembly having taken the said report into con- 
sideration, do vote and resolve, that the same he, and it is 
hereb}^ accepted. 

Governor Greene to the DiiJce of Bedford and to Richard 

Partridge. 

Newport, Rhode Island, March 13, 1849. 
Sir: — Conformably to an act of the General Assembly, I send you enclosed a 
letter to His Grace, the Duke of Bedford, with an account of the bills of public 
credit, issued by this colony, as was demanded by His Majesty. 

You have also a copy of the same, for your own use. As you are intimately ac- 
quainted with the situation of affairs among us, I have no occasion to add any in- 
structions. The zeal wherewith you have always applied yourself to what the 
colony have committed to your charge, takes away even the color of a doubt what 
your behaviour will be on the present occasion. 

I am, sir, your very humble servant, 

\Y. GREENE. 
To Richard Partridge, Esq., agent for Rhode Island, London. 

Governor Greene io the DuJce of Bedford. 

Colony of Rhode Island, March 13th, 1749. 

May it please Your Grace : — I had the honor of your letter of the 19th of July, 
signifying it was His Majesty's pleasure, to have " an account of the tenor and 
amount of all the bills of credit which have been created and issued by this colony, 
and arc now outstanding ; distinguishing the same, and the respective times, when 
such bills so outstanding, were issued, with the amount of said bills in money of 
Great Britain, both at the times when such bills were issued, and at the time of 
preparing the said account; and also the times for calling in, sinking and discharg- 
ing such bills, and the funds appropriated for that purpose." 

Your Grace's letter came to hand in the recess of the General Assembly ; but, 
at their next meeting, in October, I laid it before them. 

As this colony hath always heretofore exemplified their loyalty by a cheerful 
obedience to His Majesty's commands, so on this occasion, they no sooner received 
the royal directions, than the}' determined to pursue them. 

For that purpose, a committee was appointed, with orders to inquire into the 
premises, and make report at the next session, which they accordingly did a few 
days ago. The Assembly having carefully examined the doings of their committee 



1750.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 287 

found sucli an account as His Majesty commanded ; wherefore, they accepted the 
same, and desired me to transmit Your Grace a copy of it. 

I send it, accordingly ; and in behalf of this colony, subscribe myself, may it 
please Your Grace, 

Your Grace's most obedient and humble servant, 

W. GREENE. 
To the Duke of Bedford, one of His Majesty's principal secretaries of state. 

Whereas, this General Assembly, at their session in October 
last, appointed Mr. Elisha Brown, Joseph Nichols, Esq. and Mr. 
Samuel Chace, or the major part of them, a committee, to au- 
dit the accounts of the managers or directors of the Providence 
Lottery, in respect to the building Weybosset Bridge, and 
paying the benefit tickets ; and also to receive such benefit 
tickets as have been paid, &c., in consequence of which ap- 
pointment, the committee made the following report unto this 
Assembly : 

Report of the Loiterf/ Committee. 

" We, the subscribers, being chosen a committee, by the Honorable General As- 
sembly, in October last, to examine the directors' accounts, concerning the Provi- 
dence Lottery, do find them thus : 

" The several gentlemen directors, Dr. 
To cash obtained by them in the lottery granted by the Assembly £12,000 

Contra. Cr. 

By as many benefit tickets paid to the several adventurers, as amounts to 

the sum of £11,650 

x\nd for^which, we have given receipts to the several directors. 

The balance yet due to the other adventurers, not paid by said directors, 

amounts to the sum of 350 

£12,000 
Errors excepted. Per ELISHA BROWN, 

SAMUEL CHACE, 
JOSEPH NICHOLS, 

Providence, February 1G,'_1849. Committee. 

The several gentlemen directors, Dr. 
£ d. s. 
To cash lodgud in their hands, by means of the lottery, for building 

Wovbo'^set Bridge • ■ £3,00u 00 



288 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1750. 

Contra. Cr. 
By the whole of their accounts, for work done on said bridge, as now- 
complete, examined, amounting to the sum of . . 1,G10 07 4 

The balance yet in their hands, due to the bridge is 1,389 12 8 



£3,000 00 
Errors excepted. Per ELISHA BROWN, 

SAMUEL CHACE, 
JOSEPH NICHOLS, 

Providence, February 26, 1 749. Committee. 

And now this Assembly, haying taken said report into con- 
sideration, do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, 
that the said report be, and it is hereby accepted. 

And it is also further voted and resolved, that the said com- 
mittee be, and they are hereby directed and empowered to 
burn the benefit tickets by them received of the afore- 
said managers or directors of the Providence Lottery, in re- 
spect to the building Weybosset bridge ; and that thereupon, 
they be discharged from the receipt they gave the said manag- 
ers or directors, for the said tickets. 

Whereas, the General Assembly, at their session in South 
Kingstown, on the last Monday of February, 1747, chose and 
appointed George Wanton, Esq., Messrs. James Sheffield and 
Thomas Cranston, a committee, to inspect into the double 
mortgages in the grand committee's of&ce ; and also, to inspect 
into the bonds in said office. 

In consequence of which appointment, the said George Wan- 
ton, James Sheffield and Thomas Cranston, having undertaken 
the business, made the following report of their progress 
therein : 

[Here follows a memorandum of mortgages and bonds.] 

Whereas, this Assembly, at their session in October last, 
appointed a committee, to prepare a bill for introducing into 
tliis colony, such of the statutes of England, as are agreeable 
to the constitution, and make rcpt>rt of their doings, tlie grent- 
est part of whom, presented what followotli : 



1750.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 289 

" We, the subscribers, being appointed to report what statutes of Great Britain 
are, and ought to be in force in this colony, do report as foUoweth : that the fol- 
lowing statutes, viz. : 

The statute of Merton, concerning dower. 

The statute of Westminster the first, as far as it concerns bail. 

The statute of Glocester. 

The statute of Westminster the second, de donis conditionalibus. 

The statutes of the 1st Henry V., of additions. 

The statues of partition, in general. , 

The statutes of the 32 Henry VIII., concerning leases, saving and excepting the 
last paragraph of the said statute. 

The statutes of 21 James I., chapter 16th, for limiting real actions ; and that of .32 
Henry VIII., chapter 2d. 

The statutes of James and Elizabeth, and all statutes that concern bastardy, as 
applicable to the constitution of this colony. 

All statutes that are against criminal offenders, so far as they are descriptive ot 
the crime ; and where the law of this colony hath not described and enjoined the 
punishment, then that part of the statute that relates to the punishment, also ; al- 
ways saving and exceping such statutes, as from the nature of the offences men- 
tioned in them, are confined to Great Britain, only. 

The statute of Henry HI., commonly called the statute of uses. 

The statute of 29 Charles 11., commonly called the statute of frauds and 
perjuries. 

The statutes of 22 and 23 Charles II., chapter 10th, for distributing the estates of 
intestates. 

The statute of 3 and 4 William and Mary, chapter 14th. 

The statute of 4 and 5 Anne, chapter 16th, relating to joint tenants, and tenants 
in common. 

That part of the statute of Anne, that subjects lessees that hold over their 

term against the will of the lessor, to the payment of double rent, during the lime 
they hold over. 

All statutes relating to the poor, and relating to masters and their apprentices ; 
so far as they are applicable in this colony, and where we have no law of the 
colony. 

All which statutes, we are humbly of opinion have heretofore been, and still 
ought to be in force in this colony. D. UPDIKE, 

J. HONEYMAN, JR., 
J. ALITN." 

And this Assembly, having taken the said report into con- 
sideration, do vote and resolve, that all and every of the stat- 
utes, aforesaid, be, and they are hereby introduced into this 
colony, and shall be in full force therein, until the General As- 
sembly shall order otherwise. 

His Honor, the Governor, is hereby requested to write to the 
government of the Massachusetts, and inform them that this 
Assembly have appointed a committee to meet and join the 

VOL. v- 37 



290 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1750. 

gentlemen appointed by the Province, for running the north- 
ern boundary line ol the colony. Ilis Honor is also desired to 
request of the Province, that all taxes assessed, or that shall be 
assessed on persons inhabiting any lands to the southward of 
the line lately run by our commissioners, be not collected or 
levied, till the dividing line be run and mutually settled ; His 
Majesty having given such- directions, since the controversy 
arose between the two governments, respecting their boun- 
daries. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. Joseph Whipple, Jr., 
Thomas Cranston and. John Tillinghast, or the major part of 
them, be, and they are hereby constituted a committee, to re- 
ceive of the gentlemen (who were formerly appointed to pay 
off the soldiers raised for the expedition intended against Can- 
ada,) their accounts with the colony, and to adjust the same, 
and receive the balance, and make report to this Assembly at 
their next session, of their conduct in the affair. 

It is voted and resolved, that the grand committee and gen- 
eral treasurer, be, and they are hereby directed not to receive 
any bills of credit of the Province of New Hampshire, in dis- 
charge of any of the colony's mortgages and bonds. 

Whereas, the General Assembly, at their session in Newport, 
the tliird Monday of August last, appointed Peter Bours, Si- 
mon Pease and George Wanton, Esqs., Messrs. Thomas Cran- 
ston and James Sheffield, or the major part of them, a commit- 
tee to inspect (among other things) into the circumstances of 
all the mortgages and bonds in the grand committee's office 
and notify the inhabitants of the colony, by printed advertise- 
ments, that all persons who have not given in tenth bonds for 
the money they took up of the banks emitted in the years 
1715, 1728 and 1731, if they did not forthwith pay the money 
already due, and give in bonds for the remainder, they might 
depend upon their mortgages being put in suit ; the committee 
were also to insert in the advertisements, a list of all the per- 
sons who had neglected to give bond, as aforesaid. The adver- 
tisements were ordered to be put up at the places where the 
town meetings are held, in the several towns, that all persons 



1750.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 291 

who had any reasons to offer, why they did not give bond, as 
aforesaid, might justify themselves to the said committee, and 
their mortgages in the meantime should be laid aside, and not 
put in suit. 

And whereas, those gentlemen have not perfected the busi- 
ness to which they were appointed ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved by this Assembly, that 
the said committee be, and they are hereby further continued 
for the ends and purposes aforesaid ; that they take notice of 
all the banks emitted by the colony, and insert in the advertise- 
ments, that in case the persons who have not given tenth bonds 
in any of the banks, do not pay what money is due, and give 
bonds for the remainder, within six months after the 3d day of 
March, 1749, their mortgages shall forthwith be put in suit ; 
and that the said committee send a copy of the whole list of 
the mortgages (on which no bonds are given,) to each of the 
town clerks in the colony ; and insert in the advertisements, 
only the names of the persons deficient, in each respective 
town, and send the same to the respective town clerks, to be 
by them set up in manner as aforesaid. 

Whereas, sundry inhabitants of this colony, represented unto 
this Assembly, that the great bridge at Pawtuxet Falls, in the 
county of Providence, is very much decayed, the long string 
pieces and caps being so rotten, that it will not be safe to pass 
over it, in a little time ; and as the said bridge stands on the 
main country road, much used by the inhabitants, as well as 
other travellers, and the post, it is absolutely necessary that 
something should be done, concerning the same ; whereupon, 
they prayed a public lottery might be set up, in order to raise 
a sum of money sufficient to build a new bridge, with stone 
abutments at each end, and a stone cage in the middle of the 
river, which will be durable, and last a long while, with but 
little charge to maintain it afterwards ; — 

And this Assembly, considering the absolute necessity of 
keeping up a good bridge at Pawtuxet Falls, do vote and re- 
solve, and it is voted and resolved, that the said petition be, 



202 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1750- 

and it is herel)y granted ; and to that end, a public lottery 
shall be set up, according to the following scheme : 

[Here follo\YS the schedule of" the lottery.] 

An Act for the regulation of the money raised by lottery to 

build Weybosset bridge. 

Whereas, there is now in the hands of the directors of said 
lottery, £1,389 125. Scl, over and above what hath been ex- 
pended in building said bridge, which at present yields no ad- 
vantage to the colony, or to said bridge ; and as said sum is 
part of the £3,000 originally appropriated for the use of said 
bridge ; — 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly, and it is hereby en- 
acted, that the said directors pay into the hands of Mr. Joseph 
Slicldon, who is hereby appointed to receive the said sum, and 
give the said directors receipts for it ; and that he put it out to 
interest, at six per cent, per annum, and keep the same, and 
the interest thereof, so at interest, for the future. 

And it is further enacted, that the said Joseph Sheldon de- 
li \er out of said money to Mr. Daniel Smith, who is hereby 
appointed to have the care and oversight of said ^^'eybosset 
bridge, and repair and amend the same, as occasion shall re- 
<(uire, such sums of money as may be necessary for that pur- 
pose, and take the said Smith's receipts for the same. 

Whereas, this General Assembly, at their session in War- 
wick, on the third Monday of August, in the year of our Lord 
1735, did. upon the petition of the inhabitants of the town of 
Westerly, pass an act for turning the course of Pawcatuck 
river into a large pond, in said Westerly, thereby to keep open 
the breaeli, and form a harbor, &c., three quarters of the charg- 
es thereof to be paid out of the general treasury, on condition 
the said town of Westerly, or any person in their belialf, would 
lirst procure and give suflicient bond to pay and discharge the 
other fourth part of the charge; and also to make and main- 
tain such and so many bridges as there should ever be occa- 



1750.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 293 

sion to make across said river, between the place where it 
should be taken from its usual channel, and the place where it 
Avould fall into said pond ; for the performing whereof, Messrs. 
Joseph Stanton, Oliver Babcock, Samuel Perry and Samuel 
Clarke, were appointed a committee, &c. ; and as the town of 
Westerly, or any other person in their behalf, have not from 
that time till this present session, given bond for the said 
town's performing the conditions aforesaid, — 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is hereby voted 
and resolved, that the committee aforesaid, do nothing in the 
affoir before the next session of this Assembly ; and the gen- 
eral treasurer is hereby directed and ordered to pay no money 
out of the general treasury for the purposes aforesaid, before 
that time. 

Whereas, the Honorable Spencer Phips, Esq., Lieutenant 
Governor of the Massachusetts, wrote a letter to our Gov- 
ernor, requesting payment for transporting prisoners belonging 
to this colony, from Canada f — 



!i: ^fom Lieut. Gov. PJdps, of 3iassacJiuseUs, to Gov. Greene, of 

Rhode Island. 

Boston, November 9th, 1749. 

Sir : — I am informed that His Excellency, Governor Shirley, had settled an 
agreement with the Governor of Canada, (so far an related to this government,) 
that the charge of transporting English prisoners should be defrayed by the Eng- 
lish governments, and the charge of transporting the French prisoners by their 
government ; and that upon His Excellency's informing the governors of the neigh- 
boring colonies, the most of them had signified their approbation of this method. 

I am likewise informed, that in the year 1746, there were brought into this Prov- 
ince, in a flag of truce, sent by the Governor of Canada, cajled the La Vierge do 
Grace, a gi-eat number of English captives, some of them being Europeans, but the 
most of them belonging to the English provinces and colonies in America ; and 
that about the same time. His Excellency had sent a flag of truce to Canada, with 
French prisoners, at the expense of this government ; and that His Excelleny sent 
circular letters to the governors of the English colonies, aforementioned, with lists 
of the several prisoners belonging to their respective governments, wherein he in- 
formed them, that as soon as the accounts of the charges of the flags of truce and the 
proportions of the several English governments thereto were adjusted, he would 
send them to the said governors, that so they might reimburse the Governor of 



294 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1750. 

On considevation whereof, this Assembly do vote and re- 
solve, and it is hereby voted and resolved, that Mr. Thos, Cran- 
ston inquire into the proper offices, whether any thing hath been 
already paid on the above account ; and if it shall appear that 



Canada, what charges he had been at for transporting the English prisoners be- 
longing to their government. 

Soon after this, the court house, in Boston, was burnt, and therein all the papers 
relating to the fitting out the French flag of truce, whi.-;h made it necessary that those 
accounts should be had from Canada in order to state the particular part each of 
the English governments ought to bear to the charge of transporting their prison- 
ers ; and I find the said accounts were sent here a little before Governor Shirley's 
departure, and an account has been stated between the said Governor Shirley and 
the Governor of Canada, and sent to Quebec by a person gone there for the re- 
demption of captives ; and the Governor of Canada has been assured that all possi- 
ble care should be taken lor recovering from each government their proportion of 
the charge. 

I shall now send Your Honor a copy of the account, by which you will perceive 
the number of persons belonging to your government, is six, and the proportion of 
the charge £l74 8s. 5d., which I must pray Your Honor would cause to be paid 
into my hands as soon as may be, and the same shall be remitted to the Gov- 
ernor of Canada ; and I doubt not your more ready compliance, when you consid- 
er, as appears by the account, that this Province will be obliged to pay in propor- 
tion beyond any other government ; as the greatest part of the Europeans and 
other uncertain persons, both in this vessel and another sent to Louisbourg, will 
fall upon them. 

I am, sir, Your Honor's most obedient and most humble servant, 

S. PHIPS. 

To the Hon. William Greene, Esq. 



Governor Grcmc to Governor PJdps. 

Warwick, December 1st, 1749. 

Sir : — Yours, of the Oth of Xovcmbcr last, I lately received, by which you inform 
nic that His Excellencj'^ Governor Shirley, had settled an agreement with the Gov- 
ernor of Canada, (so far as related to the Province of the Massachusetts,) that the 
charge of transporting English prisoners, should be defrayed by the English gov- 
ernments; and the charge of transporting French prisoners, by their government ; 
and that upon His Excellency's writing circular letters to the governors of the 
neighboring colonies, the most of them had signified their approbation of that 
method. 

I also find enclosed, an account of si.x English prisoners, belonging to the colony 
nf Rhode Island, who arrived at Boston, from Quebec, in the ship La Vierge de 
Grace ; and that this government's proportionable part of the expense for keeping 
and transporting prisoners from Canada to Boston, in said ship, was £174 8s. 5f/., 



1750.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 295 

the colony have not made satisfaction in the affair, then Mr. 
Cranston is hereby empowered to draw so much money out of 
the general treasury, as will be sufficient to pay for the trans- 
portation of five prisoners only ; Jacob Judah, the other, not 
belonging to this colony; and when Mr. Cranston shall have 
received said money, he is to deliver it to His Honor, the 
Governor, who is hereby requested to transmit the same to the 
aforesaid Spencer Phips, Esq. 

Whereas, the town of North Kingstown, at a meeting had 
on the 26th day of August, 1746, appointed Messrs. Francis 
Willett, Rouse Helme, Jr., and James Wightman, a committee, to 
consider some proposals made by Benjamin Congdon, of said 
North Kingstown, for exchanging a highway on the great 
plain, &c., and the gentlemen having assumed that province, 
made report to the town meeting, held in North Kingstown, 
the 29th day of August, 1749, to wit: 

" That having viewed the highway that leads from Mr. Jere- 
miah Gardner's, and so across the hills to the highway, leading 
to Robert Eldred's, they found the highway across the hills (as 
it was shown them by Mr. Congdon), to be in some places so 
very steep, that it was not passable, especially with carts ; and 
were of opinion, that the best method of exchanging said way, 
would be, from the highway that leads to Mr. Job Tripp's, and 
to go by My. Congdon's house, on the plain, to the highway 
that leads to Mr. Robert Eldred's, according to a draught made 
by Mr. Benoni Hall, surveyor, which Mr. Congdon would sub- 



wbich Your Excellency requests I will cause to be paid into your hands as soon as 
may be : and say that the same shall be remitted to the Governor of Canada. 

Sir, as to this government's signifying their approbation to any such agreement, 
made by Governor Shirley and the Governor of Canada, I am at present, unac- 
quainted with it ; and therefore can by no means give any encouragement for the 
payment thereof; nor is it in my power to i-aise the money (was it never so justly 
due), without the assistance of the General Assembly, which is adjourned to the 
last Tuesday in February next ; at which time, I will communicate the whole affair 
to the General Assembly; and as soon as may be, afterward, shall inform Your Ex- 
cellency of their resolve thereon. 

I am, sir, your most obedient and very humble servant. 

To His Excellency, S. Phips, Esq. W. GREENE. 



296 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1750. 

mit to, provided ho might have the liberty of hanging gates, 
and making bars at his corner house, and at the plain where 
the highway turns to the southward." 

Which report was accepted by the said town, at their last 
mentit)ned meeting ; and afterwards, at another meeting of the 
said town, on the 5th day of December last, it was voted, tliat 
the report of the aforesaid Francis Willett, Rouse Helme and 
James Wightman, should be laid before the General Assembly, 
for a further sanction, and a more sure establishment ; which 
was accordingly done this session, by the deputies of the said 
town of North Kingstown. 

And now this Assembly, having taken the premises into con- 
sideration, do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, 
that the exchange of the highway, as laid down in the report of 
the aforesaid committee, be, and the same is hereby confirmed. 

God save the Kino-. 



Proceedings of the General Asscmlli/, held for the Colony of Bhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the \st day 
of May, 1750. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. William Ellery, Deputy Governor. 

ASSISTANTS. 

^Ir. Peter Bours, Mr. Stephen Brownell, 

Mr. Simon Pease, Mr. William Richmond, 

Mr. William Barton, Mr. Daniel Coggeshall, 

The Hon. Thomas Cranston, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyndon, 
clerk. 



1750.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



297 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colon?/ of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantoiions, at Neivport, the first Wednes- 
day of Mai/, 1750. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. William Ellery, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 



DEPUTIES. 



Neioport. 
Mr. Nathaniel Coggeshall, 
Mr. Joseph Whipple, Jr., 
Mr. Thomas Cranston, 
Mr. John Tillinghast, 
Mr. Nicholas Easton, 
Capt. Job Bennett. 

Providence. 
Mr. Elisha Brown, 
Capt. Christopher Harris, 
Mr. John Andrew. 

Portsmouth. 
Mr. William Anthony, Jr., 
Mr. John Allen, 
Mr. Thomas Brownell, 
Mr. Benjamin Hickes. 

Warimch. 
Mr. Philip Greene, 
Mr. Joseph Lippitt, 
Mr. William Holden, 
Mr. John Watson. 
Westerly. 
Col. Joseph Pendleton, 
Capt. Caleb Church. 
VOL. V. 38 



North Kingstoimi. 
Col. Immanuel Northup, 
Mr. Beriah Brown. 

South Kingstown. 
Mr. Henry Gardner, 
Mr. Rowland Robinson. 

East Greenivich. 
Mr. Joseph Nichols, 
Capt. Thomas Spencer. 

Jamestown. 
Mr. Edward Carr, 
Mr. Joseph Clarke. 
Smithfield. 
Mr. Thomas Lapham, 
Mr. Thomas Arnold. 

Scituate. 
Capt. Job Randall, 
Mr. Gideon Hammond. 

Glocester. 
Maj. Richard Smith, 
Mr. Benjamin Smith. 

Charlestown. 
Mr. James Congdon, 
Capt. Nathaniel Lewis. 



298 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND 



[1750. 



Wed Greemvich. 
Mr. Samuel Hopkins, 
Mr. William Comstock. 

Coventry. 
Mr. Elisha Johnson, 
Mr. Samuel Cooper. 

Exeter. 
Capt. William Tripp. 

Middletown. 
Mr. Jonathan Easton, 
Capt. William Turner. 

Bristol. 
Mr. Jonathan Peck, 
Major Thomas Greene. 



DEPUTIES. 

Tiverton. 
Capt. John Manchester, 
Mr. Abraham Barker. 

Little Compton. 
Capt. John Hunt, 
Mr. Joseph Peckham. 

^Yarren. 
Mr. Peter Bicknel, 
Capt. Benjamin Barton. 

Cumberland. 
Mr. Job Bartlett, 
Mr. John Dexter. 
Bichmond. 
Capt. James Adams. . 



The Hon. Thomas Cranston, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyn- 
don, clerk. 

The following officers declared elected, were duly engaged. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Governor. 

The Hon. Ptobert Haszard, Deputy Governor. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Capt. George Wanton, 
Mr. Jonatlian Nichols, 
Mr. John Potter, 
Mr. Jabez Bowen, 
Mr. Benjamin Tucker, 



Mr. Robert Lawton, 
Mr. James Arnold, 
Mr. William Richmond, 
Mr. Daniel Coggeshall, 
Mr. Jeoffi-ey Watson. 



SECRETARY. 

Mr. Thomas Ward. 

ATTORNEY GENERAL. 

Mr. Daniel Updike. 



GENERAL TREASURER. 

Mr. Thomas Richardson. 



1750.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 299 

An Act for appointing commissioners, &c., to run and settle 

the northern boundary line of this colony, according to 

charter. 

Whereas, the northern boundary line of this colony hath 
never yet been settled according to the royal charter; and 
whereas, divers persons have made application to this Assem- 
bly, and have set forth their just right to be under the juris- 
diction of this government^ as dwelling within the bounds 
thereof; and that the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, 
have, and do unjustly exercise jurisdiction over them ; in or- 
der, therefore, to have the said line rightly run and settled, and 
to prevent any further disputes thereupon, between the said 
Province and this colony ; — 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly, and by the authori- 
ty thereof, it is enacted, that as soon as may be, the northern 
boundary line of this colony shall be run and settled according 
to the royal charter granted by King Charles, the Second, in 
the year of our Lord 1663. 

Be it also enacted, that, to the end the same may be per- 
fected and completed, Jonathan Bandall, Richard Steere and 
Thomas Lapham, Esqs., and Capt. Joseph Harrison and Mr. 
Matthew Robinson, are hereby appointed commissioners ; and 
they, or the major part of them, are fully authorized and em- 
powered to run and settle said line, according to the royal 
charter, aforesaid, as near as may be. 

And that they, the said commissioners, be commissionated 
by His Honor, the Governor ; and that the said commissioners, 
or the major part of them, are fully authorized and empowered 
to appoint times and places, when and where to meet any com- 
missioners that are, or shall be appointed on the part of said 
Province. 

And the said Jonathan Randall, Richard Steere, Thomas 
Lapham, Joseph Harrison and Matthew Robinson, or the ma- 
jor part of Ihem, are hereby fully authorized and empowered to 
appoint a surveyor or surveyors, and chainmen ; and in gener- 
al, to act and do all and every other matter and thing what- 
ever, for or concerning the aforesaid settlement of said line. 



oUO RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1750. 

And that in case no commissioners on the part of said Prov- 
ince, shall and do on the first Tuesday in October next, or at 
any other time as shall be agreed on, meet the said commis- 
sioners for this colony, and agree to run and settle said line, as 
aforesaid ; then and in that case, the said commissioners on the 
part of this colony, or the major part of them, shall, and are 
hereby required to proceed to the running and settling said 
line ex parte. 

Be it also enacted, that the secretary of this colony send a 
copy of this act to the secretary of the Province of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay, withal desiring that the said Province would sus- 
pend all assessments upon the people and inhabitants included 
within this colony, by the line already run by Jonathan Ran- 
dall, Thomas Lapham, and Richard Steere, Esqs., as by their 
return made in January, 1749, as was directed from home to 
the said Province, relating to the eastern boundary of this 
colony. 

Be it also enacted, that a plat of the land contained within 
said line, so to be run, as aforesaid, be drawn up ; and that the 
said commissioners on the part of this colony, or the major part 
of them, do make report to the General Assembly, of their do- 
ings in the premises, and present said plat at the same time ; 
any laws, orders, customs^ agreement or agreements, to the con- 
trary hereof in any wise, notwithstanding. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, be, 
and he is hereby desired to write as soon as may be, unto the 
government of Connecticut, and request their assistance in set- 
tling the northern boundary line of this colony ; and send 
with his letter a copy of the act passed by this Assembly, at 
this present session, for appointing commissioners to run and 
settle said boundary line. 

AVhercas, William Richmond and Nathaniel Searl, Esqs., 
and Mr. Samuel Tompkins, were, pursuant to a petition pre- 
ferred by John Wilbore, and granted at a session of the Gen- 
eral Assembly, held at Newport, by adjournment, on the third 
Monday of August, A. D. 1749, appointed a committee to view 
a highway laid out in Tiverton, and report thereon, having 



1750.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 301 

said trust, on a copy of "said petition reported as follows, to 
wit : 



"We, the subscribers, pursuant to the above and before- 
written, have viewed the premises contained therein, and re- 
port that the said highway mentioned in the prayer of this 
petition, be re-laid. NATHANIEL SEARL, 

SAMUEL T0MPKIN8, 
WILLIAM RICHMOND." 

On consideration whereof, this Assembly do vote and resolve, 
and it is hereby voted and resolved, that the above report be, 
and the same is hereby accepted ; and that the said John Wil- 
bore have the liberty of applying to the town council of Tiv- 
erton ; and that he enjoy all the privileges and advantages re- 
specting the abovementioned highway, as by law he would 
have been entitled to, if he had made application to the next 
town council after said highway was laid out. 

God save the Kino;. 



Proceedings of the General AssemUi/, held for the Colony of Bhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the second Mon- 
day in June, 1750. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Robert Haszard, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

An Act incorporating the towns of East Greenwich, Warwick, 
West Greenwich and Coventry, in this colony, now in the 
county of Providence, into a county, by the name of the 
county of Kent. 
Whereas, the number of inhabitants in the said county of 

Providence, is much increased, and the bounds thereof, are so 



302 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1750. 

extensive, that the inhabitants in the distant parts thereof, are 
put to great charge and trouble in prosecuting their affairs at 
the town of Providence, where the said courts in said county 
are established to do the business thereof; — 

Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly of this 
colony, and by the authority thereof, it is enacted, that for 
the future the towns of East Greenwich, Warwick, West 
Greenwich and Coventry, at present in the county of Provi- 
dence, shall be divided off from said county of Providence, and 
shall be a distinct and separate county, by the name of the coun- 
ty of Kent; and that East Greenwich shall be the county town. 

Be it also enacted, that within the said county, there shall 
be held and kept at the said town of East Greenwich, in and 
for said county, one session of the superior court of judicature, 
court of assize and general jail delivery, on the third Tuesday 
of October, once in every 3'ear. 

Be it also enacted, that for the future, there shall be held 
and kept in said county of Kent, one inferior court of common 
pleas, and one court of the general sessions of the peace ; 
which said court of common pleas, and court of general ses- 
sions of the peace, shall have two sessions at the said town of 
East" Greenwich, in and for said county of Kent, yearly, and 
every year ; one on the second Tuesday of July, and the other 
on the second Tuesday of January. 

And that there shall be five judges or justices of said court 
of common pleas, and court of general sessions of the peace, 
chosen every year, to wit : one chief judge, and four other 
judges, by the General Assembly of this colony, in the same 
manner and at the same time, that the other judges of the in- 
ferior cunrt of conunon pleas are chosen in and for the other 
counties in this colony ; and that the said judges of said infe- 
rior court of common pleas, and court of general sessions of the 
peace, shall be commissioned by His Honor, the Governor of 
this colony, in like manner as the judges of said courts in 
(III! (itlior eonidios in this colony are commissioned. 

And thai the justices of the peace in said rountv, sliall, 
and arc luTcby authorized and empowered to attend upon and 



1750.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 303 

compose the said court of general sessions of the peace, in 
said county of Kent, in like manner as the justices of the 
peace in the other counties in this colony do. 

And that the said court of common pleas, and court of gen- 
eral sessions of the peace, in said county of Kent are hereby 
invested and clothed with the like powers and authorities in 
all respects, as the said courts are in other counties in this colo- 
ny, by the acts of this colony heretofore made, without an ex- 
ception or limitation. 

Be it also enacted, that there shall be one clerk of said 
court of common pleas, and court of general sessions of the 
peace ; and one sheriff of said county, Avho shall be chosen as 
the clerks and sheriffs of the other counties in this colony are ; 
who are hereby empowered to act and do in all respects, in 
said county of Kent, as the clerks and sheriffs of the other 
counties in this colony do. 

Be it also enacted, that there shall be one seal, with the de- 
vice of a dove on it, for said courts of common pleas, and gen- 
eral sessions of the peace, in and for said county of Kent, to 
be used upon all proper occasions, as is by law required, or 
made proper or necessary ; and that the clerks of said courts 
for the time being, shall have the custody thereof. 

Be it also enacted, that the said courts, as to the number of 
members to make a quorum, in their respective sessions, and 
in relation to all other matters within the power and jurisdic- 
tion of said courts, shall be subject to all the laws of this 
colony, now in force, and the laws of England, in every re- 
spect, as fully and effectually, to all intents and purposes, as 
the other inferior courts of common pleas, and courts of gen- 
eral sessions of the peace, are in the other counties in this 
colony ; any law, custom, or usage, to the contrary hereof, in 
any wise, notwithstanding. 

Provided, that a court house of the dimensions, or near the di- 
mensions of the court house in Providence, be built in the town of 
E. Greenwich, by a free contribution of the inhabitants of the said 
county of Kent • and that if the same be not so far finished as to 
be fit to hold courts in, by the last day of October next, then the 



304 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1750. 

present act is to determine, be mill, void and of none effect; but 
if said house be so far finished, as abovesaid, that the judges 
and other officers of said court be chosen at the next October 
session of this Assembly, to hold a court in January next. 

Whereas, Col. Joseph Pendleton, of Westerly, by petition, 
represented unto this Assembly, that sometime in the month of 
Auo-ust last, he had a brigantine, laden with rum, molasses, 
&c., which was a new vessel, and sailed from Anquilla, bound 
home, the property whereof was entirely his own, and of the 
value of £18,000 or £20,000 ; that that the said brigantine 
and cargo were not insured, and have not been heard of since ; 
and so are supposed to be lost ; by which heavy stroke of 
Providence, he is rendered unable to pay his just debts at 
present, without selling some part of his real estate ; and 
whereas, the petitioner owns a farm in said Westerly, adjoin- 
ing to Pawcatuck river, near the mouth thereof; part whereof, 
it is thought might not only be convenient, but also tend to a 
public advantage, if settled with a town ; it being bounded 
westerly, on the navigable part of said river, where there are 
plenty of oysters and other fish to be taken at all times in the 
year ; and plenty of stone and brick, with good timber, suita- 
ble for building vessels and houses, near to be had, very 
plenty ; with saw mills on said river, for the sawing plank, 
&c., with many other valuable conveniences ; whereupon, he 
prayed this Assembly to grant him a lottery, of about £26,- 
000 ; in which lottery, he, the petitioner, will put to sale one 
hundred and twenty-four lots of land (with two dwelling- 
houses thereon) ; part of the aforesaid farm, adjoining to the 
aforesaid river, none less than a quarter of an acre, and some 
half acres, at a certain value put on them by two judicious and 
disinterested men, namely : Capt, Isaac Sheffield and Capt. 
Elias Thompson ; the sale of which lots, will enable the peti- 
tioner to pay his just debts, &c. 

[The General Assembly accordingly passed a resolution, au- 
thorizing Mr. Pendleton to dispose of his estate by lottery, the 
scheme for which, appears at length on the records.] 



1750.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 305 

It is voted and resolved, that the choice of the several com- 
mittees, in the several towns, for the management of the colony's 
money, let or to be let on loan, be, and the same is hereby 
referred unto the next session of this Assembly ; and that the 
present officers be continued until that time, with full power of 
doing, acting and transacting all business appertaining to 
their offices, in the meanwhile. 

God save the King, 



Proceedings of the General Assembli/, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Netvport^ the od Mon- 
day of August, 1750. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Robert Haszard, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

This Assembly having considered the subject matter of the 
petition of divers persons, inhabitants on the land claimed by 
this colony, from the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, and 
their circumstances, — 

Do order, that the secretary of this colony write a letter to 
the secretary of the said Province, to be laid before their Gen- 
eral Court, representing that this Assembly has had certain in- 
formation that a considerable number of those persons inhabit- 
ing on the said disputed lands, are apprehended and prosecut- 
ed at the Worcester court of sessions, as rioters, occasioned by 
some indiscreet proceedings of some officers in the colony ; 
which, as they were done in the recess of this Assembly, so 
they were begun and carried on without the knowledge and 
privity of this Court ; and that all these things have happened 
since the last letters to said Province ; they therefore desire, that 
as the General Court of said Province, has always, in all their 
letters to this colony since this dispute has subsisted, shown a 

VOL. V. 39 



306 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1750- 

disposition to have the said northern boundary line between 
us, run and settled in the most amicable way possible ; so, on 
our part, that it is our hearty desire that every thing should 
be done to cultivate that good harmony and friendship that 
ought to subsist among neighbors ; and that those poor people 
who are settled on the said disputed land, may not be made a 
sacrifice to the resentments of that Province, for being misled 
by any inconsiderate officers of this colony, since this Assem- 
bly have reason to believe that the persons so prosecuted, had 
no riotous intent to disturb the peace of the government ; — 

Therefore, this Assembly desires that the General Court of 
said Province would give orders to the judges of said court at 
Worcester, to suspend any furthOr prosecution against said 
men, till the said matter of the said line shall be issued ; or 
that the secretary write something to the like purpose ; and to 
desire them also to suspend the levying the taxes from said 
jieople. 

Also, His Honor the Governor, is desired to write, by the 
first ship, to the agent for this colony, in London, directing 
him to represent to His Majesty, the circumstances of said 
people, and the rigorous demands that are made on them for 
taxes, &c., in order to obtain from His Majesty in council, an 
order to said Province to suspend the levying any more taxes, 
or using any violent means with said people, till the said north- 
ern line shall be finally settled and established. 

It is voted and resolved, that the colony's ferries on the west 
side of Jamestown, be sold to the best advantage of the gov- 
ernment ; and that Daniel Coggeshall,- Thomas Cranston and 
Immanuel Northup, Esqs., be, and they, or the major part of 
them, are hereby constituted a committee, with full power to 
sell and dispose of said ferri(!S by public vendue, or otherwise, 
as they shall tliink proper; advertising the same fourteen days 
before the sale ; and when they have sold them, the said com- 
mittee, in Ix'lialf of the colony, make, seal and execute a good 
and suflicient deed or deeds of said ferries to the buyer or buy- 
ers thereof; and that the money arising thereby, be lodged in 
tlie general treasury ; and that out of the same, the general 



1750.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 307 

treasurer pay ofF all such money as was by him hired for build- 
ing the light house. 

An Act to prevent the falling through of the near approaching 

superior court of judicature, &c., in the county of Newport. 

Whereas, the town meetings of the several towns in this 
colony, for choosing deputies to sit in the General Assembly, 
on the last Wednesday of October next, are held on the same 
day which the superior court of judicature, court of assize and 
general jail delivery, are to be held at Newport, Avithin and for 
the county of Newport, whereby the judges of said court Avill 
be deprived of the benefit of attending said town meetings, un- 
less they sufi'er said court to be discontinued : 

For remedy whereof, be it enacted by the General Assembly 
of this colony, and by the authority thereof it is enacted, that 
if it should happen that none of the judges of said court shall 
appear at Newport, on the day appointed by law for holding 
said court, that then, and in such case, said court shall not be 
discontinued : provided, any one or more of the judges appear 
the next day, and proceed to do business, or adjourn said court 
according to the law now in force j and that all business done 
in said court, if so held, shall be as valid and effectual, as if the 
same had been held or adjourned on the day appointed by 
law. 

And it is also voted and enacted by the authority aforesaid, 
that the sheriff of the county of Newport, shall notify all per- 
sons concerned, by setting up a copy of this act at the court 
house door, on the usual day of holding said court. 

Whereas, Moses Lopez, of Newport, in the county of New- 
port, merchant, represented unto this Assembly, that he hath 
for several years past, translated letters and papers from the 
Spanish into English, for the use of the government, which he 
has declined being paid for, inasmuch as it was for said use; that 
he is ready and willing at all times to do the like, and desires 
no other gratuity than to be exempted from all otlior personal 
duties in the colony, during his residence tlierein ; and prayed 
that an act might be passed accordingly. 



308 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1750. 

On consideration whereof, this Assembly do vote and enact, 
and it is voted and enacted, that the said Moses Lopez be, and 
he is hereby exempted from all personal duties in this colony, 
excepting the above mentioned, until the General Assembly 
shall order otherwise. 

Whereas, Col. Joseph Pendleton and Mr, Gideon Hammond, 
both members of the lower house, have informed this Assem- 
bly, that the said house has been grossly abused by Samuel 
Pemberton, and another person ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the said persons 
be brought before this Assembly (by a warrant from the secre- 
tary), to answer for their behaviour, and sufier what shall be 
enjoined by this Assembly. 

Whereas, complaint hath been made unto the lower house, 
that Samuel Pemberton hath grossly abused this Assembly, by 
saying, " That the General Assembly are a parcel of damned 
rascals and scoundrels, and as bad as thieves and robbers, and 
had taken £5,000 out of his pocket," and the said Samuel 
Pemberton being brought before this Assembly, acknowledged 
that he had so said ; but that he intended only those that 
voted for making the money; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the said Samuel 
Pemberton be committed to His Majesty's jail, in Newport, 
until he give a bond with sufficient surety, in the sum of 
£5,000, for his appearance before the Assembly, at their next 
session to be held the last Monday in September next. 

God save the King. 



1750.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 309 



Proceedings of the General Assembly held for the Colony of 
Bhode Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the 
last Wednesday in October, 1750. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Robert Haszard, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

It is voted and resolved, that the secretary be, and he is 
hereby directed to write to the secretary of the Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay, informing him that the committee appoint- 
ed by this government to run the northern boundary line of 
this colony, will meet for that purpose, at the house of Benja- 
min Tower, in Cumberland, on the 18th day of December 
next; and request of the Province to appoint a committee 
meet ours at the time and place above mentioned. 

Whereas, the committee appointed by the General Assembly, 
at their session in Newport, the third Monday of August last, 
to sell the colony's ferries on the west side of Jamestown, have 
performed that service, and made the following report, to wit : 

Report of the committee on the sale of the colony^ s ferries. 

" We, the subscribers, being appointed a committee by the 
General Assembly, to sell the government's ferries on the west 
side of Jamestown, do report : 

That agreeably to act of Assembly, we set up advertisements 
fourteen days before sale, and at the time appointed, which was 
the 19th of this instant, we set up conditions of sale at the 
south ferry house, when ]\Ir. Abel Franklin and jNIr. Stephen 
Wilcox bought said ferries, according to conditions of sale ; 
and said Franklin paid £100 cash, in part of the purchase 
money ; for which we gave them our receipts in behalf of the 
government, and then appointed the 25th of this instant, to be 



olU RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1750. 

the time to complete said contract ; and upon the 25th of this 
instant October, we met at the aforesaid ferry; all parties 
being present, we ordered the surveyor to run out said land ac- 
cording to conditions of sale, which was then done ; and two- 
thirds of said land laid out to the south ferry, and the other third 
to the north ferry ; and then filled up the deeds of sale, and 
offered them to the parties ; when Mr. Stephen Wilcox com- 
plied with conditions of sale, and signed the bonds, and received 
his deed of sale, executed b}^ us in behalf of the government ; 
but Mr. Abel Franklin refused to comply with conditions of 
sale, according to agreement. All which is humbly submitted, 
by DANIEL COGGESHALL, 

THOMAS CRANSTON, 
IMMANUEL NORTHUP, 

Committee." 

And this Assembly having taken the said report into con- 
sideration, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
said report be, and it is hereby accepted. 

The committee appointed by an act of Assembly, to buy the 
two ferries, &c., on the west side of Jamestown, for the colony, 
exhibited their accounts, which was received. 

An Act in addition to an act of the General Assembly, made 
and passed on the 17th day of February, A. D. 1746, enti- 
tled " An act for regulating appeals to His Majesty in coun- 
cil, in Great Britain," and for repealing the former act made 
for tliat purpose. 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of this colony, and 
by the authority of the same it is hereby enacted, that from 
and atlor the pnl)lication of this act, no defendant in any suit 
of law iu this colony, the foundation whereof, being a bond 
conditioned lor the payment of money only, shall have leave to 
appeal from the judgment of such court, where such action 
shall ])C tried, to His Majesty in council; but that the last 
judgment of the supei'iur euurt of jiulieature, iu this colony, 



1750.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 311 

as trials now stand, regulated by the laws of this colony, shall 
in all such cases be final. 

And furthermore, that in all appeals to Ilis Majesty in 
council, from this colony, if the appellant doth not obtain a re- 
versal of the judgment appealed from, or fails in prosecuting 
such appeal, the appellee, in such cause, may, by action of the 
case, recover all just and reasonable costs and damages ; any 
law, custom, or usage to the contrary hereof, in any wise, not- 
withstanding. 

It is voted and resolved, that the attorney general, Daniel 
Jenckes, Esq. and Capt. Elisha Brown, be. and they are here- 
by constituted a committee, to make the draught of a letter to 
be sent to our agent in Great Britain, instructing him with re- 
spect to a bill now pending in Parliament, about paper bills of 
credit, &c., to defend us against a complaint lately sent home 
against the government, by sundry merchants and others, in 
this colony ; and to desire the agent to procure and send to 
this government, a copy of the said complaint, with the sign- 
ers' names ; but that the said draught, when made, be not sent 
until it be laid before this Assembly. 

It is also voted and resolved, that Daniel Jenckes and Na- 
thaniel Lewis, Esqs., be, and they are hereby constituted a 
committee, to inquire into the number of iron works, &c., in 
this colony, as directed from home, and make report to His 
Honor, the Governor, in order that he may give proper answers 
to the letters he has received on that head, as soon as may be. 

God save the King. 

Petition to the King, relative to hills of credit. 

Newport, on Rhode Island, 4th September, 1750. 

To the King's Most Excellent Majesty : — We, Your Majesty's very dutiful and 
most loyal subjects, inhabitants of your colony of Rhode Island and Providence 
Plantations, in New England, humbly crave leave to represent to Your Maj- 
esty,— 

That the currency, or instrument of commerce of a country, being tiie standard 
and measure by which the worth of all things bought and sold, are estimated and 
determined, it ought to be fixed invariably, otherwise property can neither be as- 
certained nor secured by any plan or method whatsoever. 



312 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1750. 



That the currency of this government is so far from being fixed, that it hath 
sunk in its value above one-half; within seven years last past, whereby all the cred- 
itors of the colony, have been greatly defrauded ; and all whose effects or estates 
have consisted of money, or bills of public credit, so called, amongst whom are 
numbers of widows and orphans, have been grievously injured, oppressed and al- 
most ruined. 

That this colony hath now outstanding the sum of £525,335, in bills of public 
credit, emitted at several times, partly upon loan, and partly to supply the colony 
treasury ; that the sum upon loan is £390,000, the value of which, at the time of is- 
suing, was £78,111 sterling ; and the present sterling value is but £35,445. 

That the bills emitted to supply the treasury by acts of Assembly, ought to be 
sunk or drawn in by a tax ; but the government have hitherto delayed the execu- 
tion of these acts, no tax having been yet levied for that purpose. 

That several petitions for a new bank, or another emission of paper bills of pub- 
lic credit, have been preferred to the present General Assembly of this colony, and 
that the house of deputies, notwithstanding all remonstrances to the contrary, have, 
at their session of August last, passed a vote for issuing £50,000 in bills of a new 
tenor ; and have appointed a committee of four of their members, to prepare and 
bring forward a. bill for such effect, and then adjourned until the last Monday of 
this instant September. 

That the landholders of this colony, having generally mortgaged their farms, or 
plantations, as a security for the bills of credit they have taken upon loan, have 
found it their interest to multiply such bills, that they may depreciate and lessen in 
value, and which they have recourse to, as a legal expedient of wiping away their 
debts without labor ; whereby, the laudable spirit of industry is greatly extinguish- 
ed, and Your Majesty's trading subjects greatly discouraged for want of produce 
and remittances. 

Sensible of the misfortune and hardships we labor under, we do therefore most 
humbly pray Your Majesty that the legislature or authority of this government, 
maybe prevented and effectually restrained from making or emitting any more bills 
of public credit upon loan, without Your Majesty's royal permission, and be com- 
manded to stop and recall this intended emission of August last, from circulating or 
being offered or taken in payment of debt, or from passing any acts whereby any 
extant bills of public credit may be either debased in value or postponed in their 
period of being drawn in ; and that Your Majesty will be graciously pleased to in- 
terpose in this matter, in such manner as in your royal wisdom shall seem meet 
to relieve us from the injury and oppression of a flood of fluctuating sinking paper 
bilis of public credit. And your petitioners shall ever pray, &c. 



John Freebody, 
Samuel Freebody, 
John Freebody, Jr., 
Daniel Ayrault, 
Stephen Ayrault, 
Walter Cranston, 
Francis Iloncyman, 
Walter Rodman, 
riiiiip Wilkinson, 
Abraham Redwood, 
Samuel N'ernon, 



Andrew Hunter, 
John Thurston, 
Daniel Ayrault, 
Samuel Rhodes, 
Joseph Harrison, 
Peter Harrison, 
John Beard, 
John Tweedy, 
Edward Cole, 
William Stevens, 
Thomas Rodman, Ji 



Samuel Pemberton, 
David Moore, 
William Rogers, 
Henry Collins, 
James Gould, 
John Fryers, 
John Belittia, 
Jacob Dehane, 
Samuel Dyno, 
Samuel Engs, 
Benjamin Willson, 



1750.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



31; 



Gideon Sisson, 
Jeremiah Finney, 
Henry Bull, 
Joshua Amy, 
John Thurston, 
John Dennis, 
Jahleel Brenton, 
John Brown, 
Simon Pease, 
William Richards, 
Fat. Grant, 
Andrew Heatly, 
Lodowick Widicke, 



Robert Jenkins, Jr., 
John Cook, 
Jonas L. Redwood, 
William Coddington, 
Jeremiah Brown, 
Jonathan Thurston, 
Joseph Sanfbrd, 
Solo. Townsend, 
Pardon Tillinghast, 
John Whitehorn, 
Thomas Freebody, 
Josei^h Bruce, 
Samuel Holmes, 



John Cole, 
John Paine, 
George Gibbs, 
Jonathan Tillinghast, 
Benoni Gardner, 
Ebenezer Richardson, 
Ebenezer Flagg, 
Resolved Waterman, 
John Stevens, 
Joseph Willson, Jr., 
Benjamin Smith, 
Daniel Coggeshall, 
Jonas Sisson. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhl// held for Ihe Colon// or 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations^ at Providence^ on 
the first Monday of December^ 1750. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Robert Haszard, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Before this Assembly was read an act of Parliament, entitled 
" An act to encourage the importation of pig and bar iron 
from His Majesty's colonies in America ; and to prevent the 
erecting of any mill, or other engine, for slitting or rolling of 
iron, or anj^ plating forge to work with a tilt hammer, or any 
furnace for making steel, in any of the said colonies ;" and 
also the letter and instructions from the lords commissioners 
for trade and plantations.'=' 



'^' The DuJce of Bedford to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Whitehall, 14th April, 1750. 

Sir: — The King having given his royal assent, the last session of Parliament, to 
an act, entitled " An act to encourage the importation of pig and bar iron from His 
Majesty's colonies in America, and to prevent the erection of any mill or other en- 
gine for slitting or rolling of iron or any plating foi'ge, to work with a tilt hammer, 

VOL. V. "10 



314 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1750. 

And the same being taken into consideration, this Assembly 
is well assured, that there is not in this colony, any such mill 
or engine for slitting or rolling of iron, or any plating forge to 



or any furnace for making steel, in any of the said colonies ;" -which act is to take 
place the 24th June next ; and His Majesty's governors in North America, having 
particular instructions given them therein, I have the King's commands to transmit 
it to vou, to the end that you may have the same duly published and observed 
throughout your government. 

I am, sir, your most obedient humble servant, 

BEDFORD. 
To the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Thomas Hill io the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

Whitehall, May the 29th, 1750. 

Gentlemen : — Three acts having been passed in the last session of Parliament, 
■wherein the British plantations are concerned, viz. : 

An act for extending and improving the trade to Africa ; 

An act for encouraging the growth and culture of raw silk in His Majesty's colo- 
nies or plantations in America; 

An act to encourage the importation of pig and bar iron from His Majesty's colo- 
nies, in America ; and to prevent the erection of any mill or other engine for slit- 
tiiig or roHing ot iron ; or any plating forge, to work with a tilt hammer ; or any 
furnace, for making steel in any of the said colonies ; 

I am directed by my lords commissioners for trade and plantations, to send you 
the enclosed printed copies of them, for your information and government in the 
several matters therein contained. I am, gentlemen, 

Your most obedient servant, 

THOMAS HILL. 
To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

P. S. As to the last mentioned aft, to encourage the importation of pig and bar 
iron. I am further directed to recommend to you a punctual compliance therewith ; 
and in pirticular, that you do immediately transmit to their lordships, certificates 
under your hand an<l seal of office, containing an account of every mill or engine 
for slitting and rolling of iron ; and every plating forge to work with a tilt hammer; 
and every furnace for making steel, at the time of the commencement of this act, 
erected in your government; expressing also, in the said certificate such of them as 
are used ; and the name of the proprietor or proprietors of each such mill, engine, 
forge and furnace ; and the place where each such mill, engine, forge and furnace 
is erected ; and the number of engines, forges and furnaces in your government. 

And you are to take especial care, that if after the time limited by the said act» 
any mill or other engine for slitting or rolling of iron, or any plating forge to work 
with a tilt hammer, or any furnace for making steel, shall be erected or continued 
within your government, you do cause the same to be abated within the time and 
in the manner prescribed by the said g,ct. T. II. 



1750.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 315 

work with a tilt hammer, or any furnace for making steel, as 
mentioned and expressed in said act. 

And therefore it is voted and resolved, that His Honor, the 
Governor, be, and he is hereby requested to inform the Right 
Honorable and Honorable, the Lords Commissioners for Trade 
and Plantations, of the same, as soon as conveniently may 
be. 

Whereas, the committee, that was appointed to form the 
draught of a letter to be sent from this government, to Mr. 
Agent Partridge, have performed that service, and presented 
this Assembly with one; — 

Which being duly considered, this Assembly do approve 
thereof; and thereupon it is voted and resolved, that a fair 
copy of the same be drawn, to be signed by His Honor, the 
Governor, and sent to the agent by the first good opportunity. 

Governor Greene to Richard Partridge, Agent for Rhode Island, 

in London. 



Newport, December 4, 1750. 

Sir: — The General Assembly of this colony, having been informed that some 
small number of the inhabitants have lately sent a petition to the King ; but as the 
petitioners sent it away, without ever communi(;ating the contents of it to any in 
authority here, it is not certainly known what they pray for, or what their design 
in it is ; however, the common report here is, that they ask that some alteration 
may be made in the form of the government of this colony, by procuring a negative 
to be put on the acts of government, made by the General Assembly. 

And as the General Assembly are apprehensive, that if what they ask for, or any 
thing like it be obtained, it will utterly overthrow the valuable liberties and privi- 
leges this colony have hitherto enjoyed, and which they think they have still a 
right by their charter, to continue in the possession of, not knowing of any pro- 
ceedings that have been had in this colony, which could occasion so unnatural a 
prayer from some of their own brethren, or so far provoke a gracious King, as to 
grant the petition of the betrayers of their country's liberties. 

By the directions of the General Assembly, I therefore write this, to desire you 
to make diligent inquiry after the aforesaid petition, and to use. all means in your 
power, to prevent (if possible) its ever being laid before the King. But if that 
cannot be done, then to oppose any thing being done, in consequence of it, to the 
prejudice of the colony. 

And I am further to desire you, to procure a copy of the petition, with the peti- 
tioners' names, and transmit to the Governor of this colony, by the first opportu- 
nity ; and also to signify, if there be any thing necessary for the General Assembly 
to do fuither in this affair. 



316 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISL.VKD [1750. 

If there should be another bill ia Parliament this session, against our paper cur- 
rency, you are also desired to make all proper defence against any such bill or bills 
that may in any measure have a tendency to infringe on our charter privileges. 

As your labors hitherto, in the affairs of this colony, have been crowned with 
success, the General Assembly hope your care and prudence will bring this also to 
a happy issue. 

I salute you in the name of the council, and house of representatives. 
And am, with much respect, sir. 

Your humble servant, 

To Ilichard Partridge, Esq. WILLIAM GREENE. 



Whereas, this Assembly, at their session in Providence, the 
last Wednesday of October last, made and passed an act, enti- 
tled " An act in addition to an act of the General Assembly? 
made and passed on the 17th day of February, A. D. 1746, 
entitled ' An act for regulating appeals to His Majesty in coun- 
cil, in Great Britain, and for repealing the former act made for 
that purpose ;' " part of which act last made, is expressed in 
terms so general, that it may be construed to look back, and 
take effect in actions brought before said act was passed ; this 
Assembly, therefore, having taken the matter into considera- 
tion, — 

T)o vote, resolve and declare, and it is voted, resolved and 
declared, that it was not their intent, meaning or design, when 
they voted and passed the said act last made, that the same 
sliould retrospect, nor shall it retrospect, or take effect in any 
action, the original w^rit whereof bears date before the said act 
last passed was voted and passed ; any thing therein con- 
tained to the contrary, notwithstanding. 

Whereas, Thomas Relph, Jr., of Scituate, in the county of 
Providence, in behalf of himself and company, represented unto 
this Assembly, that they went out to hunt wolves ; and on the 
I titli day of November last, he, the said Relph, shot at a black- 
ish colored wolf, in Scituate, aforesaid, but did not follow him ; 
afterwards, such a wolf was found dead, Avhich they apprehend 
to be the same tliat said Relph shot at ; but not having the 
proof by law required, to entitle them to the bounty, he prayed 
to have the same allowance out of the general treasury, as he 
should have, were the wolf killed in sight ; and this Assembly 



1750.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 317 

having taken the subject matter of the said petition into consid- 
eration, and made due inquiry into the truth thereof, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
said petition is hereby granted. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Deputy Gov- 
ernor, Benjamin Tucker, James Honeyman, and Immanuel 
Northup, Esqs., Messrs. Benjamin Peckham, Jr. and Joseph 
Lippitt, be, and they, or the major part of them, are hereby 
constituted a committee, to take the affair of the paper curren- 
cy into consideration, and present a bill or bills to this Assem- 
bly, at their next session. 

God save the Kine;. 



[The following Public Laws, passed during the year 1750, are printed at 
length in the volume of public laws, published in the year 1767, unless repealed 
previous to that time.] 

An Act providing that in case of fire breaking out in the town of Newport, and for 

the more speedy extinguishing thereof, and lor preserving goods endangered 

thereby. (May.) 
An Act to prevent delays in the several courts of trials in this colony. (June.) 
An Act relating to the taking of bail in civil actions. (June.) 
An Act explaining, altering and amending " An act for establishing and regulating 

of fees." (June.) 
An Act for the assessing of persons who are not the proper inhabitants of any town 

in this colony, that shall sell or dispose of any goods or merchandize within the 

same. (June.) 
An Act to prevent the falling through of the near approaching superior court, of 

judicature, &e., in the county of Newport. (August.) 
An Act for raising the prices of ferriage at several ferries in this colony. 

(October.) 
An Act ascertaining the number of jurors to be sent by the towns in the county of 

Kent, to the several courts in that county. (October.) 
An Act for setting up a lottery, to raise a sum of money, in order to build a bridge 

over Pawtucket river, between the towns of Smithfield and Cumberland. 

(December.) 
An Act establishing and appointing the quota of jurors to be sent by the several 

towns in the county of Providence, to the future courts within the same. (De- 
cember.) 
An Act to naturalize Joseph Antunes, merchant, of Newport, late a subject of the 

King of Portugal. (December.) 



318 RECORDS OF TUE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1751- 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the third 
Monday of March, 1750-51. 

The lion. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Robert Haszard, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

[An act was passed at tbis session, for promoting the raising of flax and wool, and 
for the manufiicturing of the same into cloth; also for the encouragement of the 
whale and cod fishery ; for which purpose, the same act authorized an emission of 
£25,000 in bills of public credit. The preamble to the act is as follows : 

" Whereas, it is conceived, that giving a proper encouragement for the raising of 
llax and wool, and manufacturing the same into cloth, will greatly conduce to pro- 
mote frugality and industry ; and as a consequence whereof, it may justly be ex- 
pected, that the vacant lands within this colony, now unimproved and lying waste 
(occasioned in some measure by the late long and tedious war), may be greatly im- 
proved to the advantage and interest of His Majesty's subjects, the inhabitants of 
this colony ; and they under such better circumstances, be therefore enabled, in case 
of another war, not only to defend and protect themselves, &c., but also greatly 
to distress and annoy His Majesty's enemies in these parts. 

And whereas, the carrying on the whale and cod fishery within this colony, will 
not only much promote and increase the trade and commerce thereof; but amongst 
(ither things, may be very beneficial to merchants and others, trading to Great 
Britain, by furnishing them with proper remittances for the payment of such goods 
and merchandise as the inhabitants of this colony, may from time to time, stand in 
need of from thence ; it is therefore conceived, that a proper premium or bounty 
may be necessary, as an encouragement for the purpose aforesaid. 

And whereas, the colony hath been at great and expensive costs and charge in 
jnittiiig themselve in a position of defence in the late war, and that the treasury is 
thereby near exhausted, and no fund therein sufhcient or adequate to answer such 
good, useful and beneficial ends and purposes as are designed and intended by this 
act, it is apprehended therefore, that there is a necessity of making and emitting 
the sum of X25,000 in bills of public credit, of the tenor and form hereafter ex- 
pressed. 

And whereas, it bath been found by said experience, that one great and principal 
cause of the depreciation of the bills of public credit already emitted, hath been owing 
to the indirect and illegal practices of sundry persons giving and offering from time 
to time for gold, and silver, and bills of exchange, for sterling money, greater and 
larger sums and proportions of the bills of public credit of this colony, than was 
provided for, stated and allowed for such silver and gold at the respective times the 
■-everal emissions were made ; and whieh not only sunk in value such bills of public 



1751.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 319 



credit, to the injury and oppresf^ion of many poor widows, orphans, and others, but 
thereby the gold and silver hath been drawn and carried out of this colony, to the 
great discouragement and prejudice of trade and commerce ; and which practices are 
still carrying on ; it is therefore conceived of the highest importance, that such evil 
practices for the future be restrained." 

The following was the form of these bills of credit : 

" By a law of the colony of Rhode Island, &c., made and passed the third Mon- 
day of March, A. D. 1 750, this bill of due to the possessor thereof, 
from the colony, shall pass current, and be equivalent to the respective proportions 
of silver and gold, as are regulated and stated in said act, and shall be accordingly 
accepted by the treasurer of said colony, and the receiver thereof in all payments. 
Providence, March the 18th, 1750. 

Death to counterfeit this bill." 

This act provided that these bills of credit should be equivalent to silver at the 
rate of 6s. dd. per ounce of sterling alloy ; or gold coin at £5 Is. Gd. per ounce ; 
evei-y 6s. 9d. of which bills, shall be equal to 54s. of the old tenor. They were then 
to be put into the hands of trustees of the several towns, and by them let out upon 
loan, at the rate of six per cent, per annum, for the space of five years, to be se- 
cured by mortgages on land double the value of the money loaned. 

The bounty on cloth, manufactured of wool or flax, of a certain texture and 
length, was one-third its appraised value; that on every pound of cured and 
dressed flax, one penny a pound. Besides these, the manufacturers were to be ex- 
empt from taxation and all public duties. The bounty allowed on every barrel of 
whale oil, was four shillings ; on every pound of whale-bone, one shilling, and on 
every quintal of codfish, 2s. Gd. 

At the June session, following, another act was passed, " explaining, amending 
and repealing " certain portions of this act. The preamble declared that the bounty 
provided for manufactured goods of wool, " may draw the displeasure of Great 
Britain upon us, as it wdl interfere with their most favorite manufactory, while that 
on flax, and the fisheries, have been already tried and not been found beneficial." 
These bounties, were therefore repealed. 

The portion of the act which regulated the value of the bills of credit, was also 
amended, so that it should stand that sixty-four shillings of the old tenor bills, and 
sixteen shillings of bills of the new tenor, should be equal to the ounce of silver. 
This money was then to be loaned at the rate of five per cent, (instead of six as be- 
fore provided), for the term often years. A change was also made in the form of 
the bills. The following protest was then made to the amendments in the new 
law: 

" We, the subscribers, do dissent from the alterations in this bill proposed, and 
do protest against them, for the following reasons : 

1. Because we are of opinion the committee have greatly exceeded their power, 
and made alterations which were never voted, or even so much as demanded in 

V 

this house. 

2. Because we are of opinion the alterations so made, are material and essen- 
tial, relating to the very form and denomination of the bills, and so entirely difl'er- 
ent from the act passed in March last, that the bills which are to be emitted, 



320 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1751. 

cannot with any truth, be said to be emitted by an act made and passed at that 
time. 

3. Because the other alterations in this bill proposed, have a natural tendency 
to depreciate, not only the bills that are to be emitted, but also all the bills of this 
colony that are now outstanding, and must, in our opinion, unavoidably produce 
that effect. 

4. Because by these alterations, C.s\ dd. are made to be ec^ual to 16s., and must 
be so received in all payments made in this colony, with the bills now proposed to 
be emitted, if said alterations are passed as a law of this government. 

PETER BOURS, 
EDWARD SCOTT."] 

The committee that were appointed to sell the hills of ex- 
change drawn b}^ His Honor, the Governor, in consequence of 
an act of the General Assembly, upon Mr. Agent Partridge, 
having performed that service, made the following report, 
to wit : 

"Newport, March 16, 1750-1. 
To the Honorable General Assembly : — Whereas, an act of 
this Assembly, directed His Honor, the Governor, to draw bills 
of exchange on Mr. Richard Partridge, of London, agent for 
this colony, for £1,742 65. 10^/., sterling, and appointed us, the 
subscribers, a committee, to sell said bills of exchange, for bills 
of credit emitted by this colon}^ f- — 

In obedience to said act, we have disposed of bills drawn on 
said Partridge, to the amount of the aforesaid sum, payable at 
twenty days' sight, for bills of credit of this colony, at eleven 
hundred per cent. ; and are, gentlemen, 

Your most humble servants, 
GEORGE WANTON, PETER BOURS, 

DANIEL JENCKES, THOMAS CRANSTON." 

An Act to prevent all persons keeping house within this colo- 
ny, from entertaining Indian, negro or mulatto servants or 
slaves.f 



* This i 1,742 (;.■-•. lOd., sterling, at eleven hundred per cent., was in old tenor 
equal to £20,908 2s. 0<L 

t This act provided that no Indjan, mulatto or negro servant or slave, may pre- 



1751.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



321 



It is voted and resolved, that George Wanton and Peter 
Bours, Esqs., together vpith Messrs. Joseph Harrison and 
Matthew Robinson, be, and they, or the major part of them, 
are hereby appointed a committee to make the draught of a 
letter, respecting the northern boundary line of this colony, to 
the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, and present the same 
to this Assembly at their next session. 

It is voted and resolved, that the £25,000 in bills of credit, 
by this Assembly ordered to be emitted, be proportioned to 
the several towns, as followeth, to wit : 



£ s. 

Newport 2,750 00 

Providence 2,750 00 

Portsmouth 1,378 15 

Warwick 1,197 00 

Westerly 1,450 00 

New Shoreham . . 415 00 
North Kingstown. .1,725 00 
South Kingstown. .2,350 00 
East Greenwich.... 625 00 

Smithfield 1,395 00 

Scituate 860 00 

Glocester 788 ] 5 



£ s. 

Jamestown 601 15 

Charlestown 475 00 

West Greenwich . . . 546 05 

Coventry 447 10 

Exeter 725 00 

Middletown 745 00 

Bristol • 872 10 

Tiverton 700 00 

Little Compton ... . 83710 

Warren 575 00 

Cumberland 517 10 

Richmond ... 372 10 



And it is further voted and resolved, that the committee men 
for the several towns, take for each of the mortgages and bonds 
in these bills, one half of the sum allowed to the committees 
who let out the last bank, and Is. od. of the same bills, for every 
right which shall be transferred ; and that no one person take 
out of said bills, more than £37 10^., or less than £3. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the grand commit- 



sume to be absent from the family whereto he or she shall respectively belong, or 
be found abroad in the night time, after 9 o'clock, unless it be upon some errand 
for his or her respective master or mistress, or owner. The act also prohibited all 
traffic with any servant or slave. 
VOL. V. 41 



322 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1751. 



tee purchase plates for the colony, and get them engraved after 
the best manner they can ; and that the bills'ibe printed on the 
back ; and such other devices used, as the grand committee 
shall think needful, to prevent the counterfeiting of said bills; 
thatthe said committee procure paper for impressing said bills, 
draw money out of the general treasury for that end, and get 
tliem impressed ; that the grand committee, or any three of 
them, shall sign said bills ; and that when'^^and as soon as the 
said bills shall be impressed, the plates shall be delivered to 
His Honor, the Governor. 

Whereas, there is an act of Assembly, which among other 
things, directs the choosing of town committee men, annually, 
and this Assembly having taken the same into considera- 
tion, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that that 
part of said act that directs the choosing the said towns' com- 
mittee men annually, be, and the same is hereby repealed. 

Whereas, Jonathan Randall, Richard Steere and Thomas 
Lapham,* Esqs., Capt. Joseph Harrison and Mr. William Robin- 
son, were by the General Assembly, at their session, held in 
Newport, on the first Wednesday of May last, appointed com- 
missioners to run and settle the northern boundary line of this 
colony, according to the royal charter, &c. ; and the aforemen- 
tioned gentlemen having assumed that province, and performed 
that business, made report as follows, to wit : 

Report of the Commissioners on the Northern Boundary Line. 

Colony of Rhode Island, &c. To the Honorable General Assembly, to sit at Provi- 
dence, in for the said colony, on the third Monday in March, 1750 : 
Whereas, this Honorable Assembly, at their session in Newport, in far said colo- 
ny, on the first Wednesday of May last past, did, by an act of Assembly, constitute 
ami appoint us, the subscribers, a committee, and invested us with full power and 
authority, to run and settle the northern boundary line of this colony, according to 
the royal charter, granted by King Charles the Second, in the year of our Lord, 
1663 ; and also, to appoint times and places, when and where to meet commission- 
ers that wiM-e or should be appointed on the part of the Province of the Massachu- 
setts Bay, to appoint a surveyor or surveyors and cbainmen, and in general to act 
and do all and every matter and thing for and concerning the aforesaid settle- 
ment of said line ; and that in case no commissioners on the part of said 
Province, should and did on the first Tuesday of October, thence next 
after, or at any other time as should be agreed on to meet us, the said com- 



1751.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 323 



mittee, and agree to run and settle said line as aforesaid, then, and in that case, we 
or the major part of us, were thereby required to run and settle the said line ex 
parte, and to draw a plat of the land containeil within said line; and with our re- 
port to this Assembly, as by said act and His Honor, Governor Green's commis- 
sion for that purpose, reference being thereto had, will at large appear. 

By virtue whereof, we, the said committee, do report, that on the second Tues- 
day of October last; past, wt repaired to Lieut. Pelatiah Man's, in Wrentham, where 
we expected to be met by a committee on the part of the Province of the IVlassachu- 
setts Bay, agreeably to the notification of our meeting, then given by Matthew 
Eobinson, one of our committee, to Col. John Chandler, who was then one of 
the committee, for said I'rovince ; and after waiting two days for them, and no per- 
son appearing on the part of said Province, we entered upon the execution of our 
said commission ex parte. 

We appointed a surveyor and chainmen, and before we attempted to run any 
line or lines, or make any survey, we thought it necessary to consult the charter of 
the colony, to find the said northern boundary line, whereby this government is 
thus bounded : 

" And on the north or northerly, by the aforesaid south or southerly line of the 
Massachusetts colony or plantation ;" whereby we were referred to the Massachu- 
settts colony charter, which we find thus expressed : " All that part of New Kno'- 
land, in America, aforesaid, which lies and extends between a great river there, 
commonly called Monomack, alias Merimack, a certain other river there, called 
Charles river, being in a bottom of a certain bay there, commonly called Matta- 
chusetts, alias Massachusetts, alias Massatusetts Bay ; and also, all and singular 
those lands and hereditaments whatsoever, lying within the space of three English 
miles on the south part of the said Charles river, or of any and every part thereof; ' 
and also, all and singular the lands and hereditaments whatsoever, lying and be- 
ing within the space of three English miles to the southward of the southernmost 
part of the said bay, called Massachusetts, alias Mattachusetts, alias Massatusetts 
Bay ; and also all those lands and hereditaments whatsoever, which lie and be within 
the space of three English miles to the northward of the said river called Monomack, 
alias Merimack ; or to the northward of any and every part thereof; and all lands 
and hereditaments, whatsoever, lying within the limits aforesaid, north and south, 
in latitude, and in breadth and in length and longitude, of and within all the 
breadth, atbresaid, throughout the main land there from the Atlantic and Western 
sea and ocean on the east part, to the south sea on the west part ;" which said charter 
having been vacated in 1684, we find that by the new charter grant^ by King 
William and Queen Mary, to the said Province, there is granted " all tnat part of 
New England, in America, lying and extending from the great river, commonly 
called Monomack, alias Merimack, on the north part, and from three miles north- 
ward of the said river, to the Atlantic or Western sea or ocean on the south part, 
and all the lands and hereditaments whatsoever, lying within the limits aforesaid, 
and extending as far as the outermost points or promontories of land called Cape 
Cod and Cape Mallabar, north and south, and in latitude, breadth, and in length 
and in longitude of and within all the breadth and compass aforesaid ; throughout 
the main land there, from the said Atlantic or Western sea and ocean on the east 
part, towards the South sea ; or westward, as far as our colonies of Rhode Island, 
Connecticut and the Narragansett country." 

And upon comparing the words of the said charters together recited, as aforesaid, 



324 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1751. 

it appeared, that the first thing necessary, was to find the southernmost part or 
parts of said Charles river; in order whereto, we surveyed the same, beginning 
on the 12th day of October, Anno Domini 1750, a little below the bridge, called the 
JHcw Bridge, near Partridge's house ; from hence the course of said river runs 
northward ; and also proceeded upwards so far as where Hopping Brook and Sec- 
ond Bridge river meet and form said Charles river, being at the corner of Hollis- 
town and Bellingham ; and having accurately planned the said survey with the vari- 
ous turnings and windings of the said river, we found the southernmost part there- 
of to be about four rods to the westward of the place where Mill Brook falls into 
said river, which is thirty-six poles south, thirty degrees west from the said bridge, 
called the New Bridge ; and from the said place or turning, where Mill Brook fails 
into said river, we measured accurately with two wooden poles, three English miles, 
due south, which terminated upon a shrubby plain, in Wrentham, where we 
made a monument with a heap of stones, and set up a pine stake in said heap of 
stones. From whence, we run a due west line to where it intersects a due north 
line from Pawtucket Falls; which intersection is the north-cast corner of this colo- 
ny, and is about fifty rods north-easterly from Robert Blake's house, in Wrentham ; 
and at the said north-east corner, we erected a monument, with a heap of stones at 
a pitch pine tree, then proceeded to run a due west line ; and in the running said 
course, we marked divers trees and made observations of particular and notable 
places, to know said line by, as follows : 

Said line passed about sixty rods southward of Wrentham West Precinct meeting 
house, just touched the southernmost part of Thompson's river, alias Second Bridge 
river, in Bellingham ; passed about four foot to the northward of Uriah Thayer's 
barn, and eleven rods to the northward of William Thayer's house, in Mendon, 
and between Thomas Taft's house and barn, and four rods southward of Ebenezer 
Burt's house, and crossed the farm of Nathan Rosen, near his house, about fifty 
rods eastward of Blackstone's river ; then passed about fifteen rods northward of 
Samuel Read's barn, then to a remarkable pine tree, about one hundred rods to the 
south-east of David Draper's house, in Uxbridge, and passed about fourteen rods 
southward of Isaac Martm's house, in Douglass, and about ten rods northward of 
Jonathan Wheeler's house, in Sutton, crossed Manchaug pond, where the brook 
runs out ; then crosses an arm of the said pond, and passes about five rods north- 
ward of Leonard's, in Douglas, then to the north-west corner, which is made by an 
intersection of the dividing line between Connecticut and this colony, which was 
<ontinued, to make said corner, where we erected a monument of stones, near to a 
large whita^ak tree, which we marked. 

During the whole of our proceedings, as aforesaid, we made frequent observa- 
tions, of the variation of the compass, and made allowances accordingly ; finding it 
generally to be about eight degrees westward. 

And whereas, we find, by the report made by the committee on the part of this 
colony, that run the north line of said colony, in the year 1J49, that " they found a 
place where Charles River formed a crescent southerly, which place is known to 
many by the name of Popotatick pond, which we take to be the southernmost part 
of said river, from tho'southernmost part whereof they measured three English miles 
south," we thought it necessary to inquire into the same, to see if the said pond was 
any part of said Charles river ; andfound upon strict examination, that it could by no 
means be deemed any part thereof; tor, that there is a ridge, or bank of sand and 
gravel, that dividcB between said pond and river on the south side of said river ; and 



1751.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. S25 

when the stream of said river is low, said bank is almost dry, whereby said'pond is 
distinct from any part of said river ; consequently, the set off, made by said com- 
mittee, was owing to their insufficient examination of the said pond ; therefore, 
their doings thereon, were erroneous, and ought to be rejected. 

And whereas, it so happened, that we were obliged to make several adjourn- 
ments before we could get through with said line, we took special care that notice 
was given by the secretary of this colony, to the secretary of the Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay, of each and every of our adjournments, except the last, and of 
the times and places of our meeting, that we might (if possible,) have a committee 
onthe part of the Province to meet us,in order to a full and satisfactory settlements 
of said line between the said two governments ; but as no committee from said 
Province did, at any time meet us, we proceeded and run said line throughout, ex 
parte. 

And in obedience to said act of this Honorable Assembly, appointing us, as 
aforesaid, we have hereto annexed a plat of the land contained within the aforesaid 
line ; which said line runs as aforesaid ; we find, by comparing said charters to- 
gether, as aforesaid, to be the true north boundary line of this colony, dividing be- 
tween it and the said Province of the Massachusetts Bay, upon the strictest exami- 
nation we could make ; and of right, the land on the soutli side thereof, to belong 
to this colony. 

All which, is humbly submitted by — ' 

JONATHAN PvANDALL, JOSEPH HARRISON, 

RICHARD STEERE, MATTHEW ROBINSON. 

THOMAS LAPHAM, 
Providence, March 16th, 1750-1. 

And this Assembly having taken the said report into consid- 
eration, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that said 
report be, and it is hereby accepted ; and that the committee 
aforesaid, be, and they are hereby further continued ; and they, 
or the major part of them, have the liberty to make all needful 
and necessary additions to the report, aforesaid, and plat there- 
with delivered in. 

God save the Kino-. 



326 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1751. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhli/, held for the Coloui/ of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newjwrt, the last day 
of April, 1751. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Ptobert Ilaszarcl, Deputy Governor. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Capt. George Wanton, Mr. James Arnold, 

Mr. Jonathan Nichols, Mr. William Richmond, 

Mr. John Potter, Mr. Daniel Coggeshall, 

Mr. Robert Lawton, Mr. Jeoffrey Watson. 

The Hon. Thomas Cranston, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyn- 
don, clerk. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhlg, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the first Wednes- 
day of May, 1751. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Robert Haszfird, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

DEPUTIES. 

Newport. ]\Ir. Peter Bours, 

Mr. Nathaniel Coggeshall, Mr. Jonathan Easton, 

Mr. Edward Scott, Capt. Job Bennett. 
Mr. Thomas Cranston, 



1751.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



DEPUTIES. 



Providence. 
Mr. Stephen Hopkins, 
Mr. Elisha Brown, 
Mr. Joseph Wanton, 
Mr. Christopher Harris. 

Portsmouth. 
Mr. William Anthony, Jr., 
Mr. John Allen, 
Mr. Thomas Brownell, 
Mr. Gideon Freeborn, Jr. 

Warwick. 
Mr. Jeremiah Lippitt, 
Capt. John Greene, 
Major John Rhodes, 
Major Stephen Low. 

Westerlif. 
Col. Joseph Pendleton, 
Capt. Caleb Church. 

New Shoreham. 
Mr. John Dodge, 
Mr. Abel Franklin, Jr. 

North Ivingstoivn. 
Col. Immanuel Northup, 
Mr. Beriah Brown. 

South Kingstown. 
Mr. Jeremiah Niles, 
Mr. Benjamin Peckham, Jr. 

East Greenwich. 
Mr. Joseph Nichols, 
Capt. Thomas Spencer. 

Jamestown. 
Mr. John Hull, 
Mr. Joseph Clarke. 



Smithfield. 
Mr. Thomas Arnold, 
Mr. John Aid rich. 
Scituate. 
Capt. Job Randal], 
Capt. Charles Harris. 

Glocester. 
Maj. Richard Smith, 
Capt. Timothy Wilmot. 

Charlestown. 
Col. Christopher Charaplin, 
Capt. Nathaniel Lewis. 

West Greenwich. 
Mr. Jeremiah Ellis, 
Mr. George Gardner. 

Coventry. 
Mr. George Hall, 
Mr. John Greene. 
Exeter. 
Capt. John Reynolds, 
Mr. Benoni Hall. 

Middletoimi. 
Mr. John Rogers, 
Mr. Peter Barker. 

Bristol. 
Mr. Jonathan Peck, 
Mr. Joseph Russell. 

Tiverton. 
Capt. John Manchester, 
Mr. Samuel Durfey. 
Little Compton. 
Lieut. Col. John Hunt, 
Mr. Charles Brownell. 



328 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1751. 



Warren. 
Capt. John Adams, 
Mr. John Cole. 

Cumberland. 
Mr. Job Bartlett, 
jNIr. John Dexter. 



DEPUTIES. 

Bichmond. 
Mr. Samuel Tift, 
Capt. Joseph Enos, Jr. 



The Hon. Thomas Cranston, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyndon, 
clerk. 

The following officers declared elected, were duly engaged. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 



ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. John Tilliughast, Mr. Robert Lawton, 



Mr. Jonathan Nichols, 
Mr. Nicholas Cooke, 
Mr. Jabez Bowen, 
Mr. Stephen Brownell, 



Mr. James Arnold, 
Mr. William Richmond, 
Mr. Daniel Coggeshall, 
j\Ir. Jeoffrey Watson. 



SECRETARY. 

Mr. Thomas Ward. 

ATTORNEY GENERAL. 

Mr. Daniel Updike. 



GENERAL TREASURER. 

Mr. Thomas Richardson. 



God save tlie Kino-. 



1751.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 329 



Proceedings of the General AssemUy, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the second Mon- 
day in June, 1751. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

It is voted and resolved, that Daniel Coggeshall, Stephen 
Hopkins and Job Randall, Esqs., be, and they are hereby ap- 
pointed a committee, to form the draught of a letter to be sent 
from the agent, and present the same to this Assembly as soon 
as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that Daniel Coggeshall, William 
Anthony, Jr., and Immanuel Northup, Esqs., be, and they are 
hereby constituted a committee, to examine into the state and 
circumstances of the several ferries in this colony ; examine 
the laws relating thereto, and report to this Assembly, at their 
next session, what they shall think necessary to be done, in 
order to put said ferries under a good regulation. 

WhereaSj sundry persons, who call themselves inhabitants of 
this colony, have lately petitioned His Majesty, respecting our 
paper currency ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that Jabez Bowen, Esq., 
Mr. Elisha Brown and Joseph Nichols, Esq., be, and they are 
hereby appointed a committee, to inquire into the relation, sta- 
tion and circumstances which the said petitioners stand in, to 
His Majesty and this colony, and make report to this Assem- 
bly, at their next session. 

It is voted and resolved^ that Nicholas Cook and Stephen 
Hopkins, Esqs., Col. Immanuel Northup, and Mr. Jeremiah 
Lippitt, be, and they are hereby constituted a committee, to 
examine into the facts contained in a petition preferred to His 
Majesty, by sundry of the inhabitants of the colony, — a copy of 

VOL. V. 42 



330 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1751. 

which is now lying before this Assembly — and report their 
opinion thereon, as soon as may be. 

And the said committee having assumed the province as- 
signed them, made the following report : 

'• We, the subscribers, being appointed a committee by the 
General Assembly, to examine the matters of fact contained in 
a petition preferred to His Majesty, by sundry of the inhabit- 
ants of this colony, and to report our opinion thereon ; and we 
having taken that business upon us, and having duly exam- 
ined the facts asserted in said petition, and having carefully 
inquired into the records of the colony, that have any relation 
to those matters of fact, do report, as our opinion : — 

That the first fact asserted, ' That the currency of this gov- 
ernment is so far from being fixed, that it hath sunk in its 
value above one half, within seven years last past ;' which as- 
sertion, we think, is not strictly true. 

That the second fact asserted, ' That this colony hath now 
outstanding, the sum of £525,335, in bills of public credit ; 
which, upon examination, we fi.nd not to be true ; there not be- 
ing, at the date of the petition, bills amounting to that sum, 
outstanding. 

That as to the other facts, asserted in this petition, we, on 
the most exact examination, cannot say, but that they are 
strictly true. 

NICHOLAS COOKE, JEREmAH LIPPITT, 
STEPHEN HOPKINS, IMMANUEL NORTHUP. 

Newport, June 17, 1751." 

And now, this Assembly, having taken the said report into 
consideration, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
said report be, and it is hereby accepted. 

Whereas, upon occasion of the death of His late Royal 
Highness, Frederick, Prince of Wales, &c., it was ordered by 
His Majesty's privy council, that a particular form shall be ob- 
served, in praying for the royal family ; and this colony have 



1751.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 331 

received directions to cause the same to be published in the 
several parish churches, and other places of Divine worship 
within this colony, — 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that His Honor, the Governor, be, and he is hereby re- 
quested to cause proclamation to be made, that said order be ob- 
served throughout this colony, according to the true intent 
and meaning thereof. 

It is voted and resolved, that Jonathan Nichols, Stephen 
Hopkins and Peter Bours, Esqs., be, and they are hereby con- 
stituted a committee, to take into consideration the petition of 
the sugar planters, merchants, and others, trading to, and inter- 
ested in His Majesty's sugar colonies, in America, and to col- 
lect and gather such facts as shall be thought proper, to furnish 
the agent with, as necessary in opposing said petition ; and to 
that end, the said committee are hereby invested with full 
power to send for persons and papers from any part of the col- 
ony'; and that said committee prepare a letter for His Honor 
the Governor, to sign, to be sent to the neighboring govern 
ments, requesting their assistance in the affair. 

It is voted and resolved, that the copy of the petition pre- 
ferred to His Majesty, by sundry inhabitants of this colony, re- 
specting the paper currency, with the petitioners' names there 
to, together with the resolutions of the House of Commons 
thereon ; and also the bill prepared in consequence thereof, and 
presented to Parliament, be forthwith put into print, at the 
colony's charge ; and that two hundred copies thereof, be 
struck off, and that each of the members of the General As- 
sembly, each of the towns' committee for letting out the bank 
money (being not a member of the Assembly), and each town 
clerk, in this colony, be furnished with a copy ; and that the 
secretary procure the same to be done. 

Whereas, Jonathan Easton, of Middletown, in the county of 
Newport, represented unto this Assembly, that upon the report 
of Messrs. Robert Lawton, Jonathan Peck and Matthew Allen, 
to the General Assembly, concerning a way from Easton's 
Beach, easterly, in the town of Middletown, aforesaid, the 



332 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE KLAND [1751. 

town council for the town of Middletown, were ordered and 
empowered to lay out a drift-way of a convenient breadth, 
across the land of him, the said Jonathan Easton, in part ac- 
cording to the direction of said report ; in consequence where- 
of, the said council did proceed and lay out said way, but not 
according to the said directions of the General Assembly, in 
the place where the old way used to be, but in another place ; 
and by altering the ancient way, the said road where it passeth 
through the said Jonathan Easton's land, is twenty-eight rods 
in breadth ; although that part where it so passeth through his 
land, is but twenty-five rods in length ; so that the order of the 
General Assembly is disobeyed, and the said Jonathan greatly 
hurt, and the public no way benefited thereby ; whereupon, 
he prayed relief, &c. ; — 

And this Assembly having taken the premises into consid- 
eration, do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that 
James Arnold, Job Randall and Christopher Harris, Esqs., be, 
and they are hereby appointed a committee, to go and examine 
into the circumstances of the drift way, in said petition men- 
tioned ; and that the said committee, or the major part of them, 
be, and they are hereby directed and fully impowered to deter- 
mine how, and in what manner, and of what width the said 
drift way shall run through the lands of the said Jonathan 
Easton, at his, the said Easton's charge ; and that their report 
in the matter be final. 

And the said committee having entered upon, and performed 
the business, made the following report : 

" Whereas, we, the subscribers, being appointed a committee, 
by the General Assembly, to settle and state part of the drift 
way through Middletown, from beach to beach, through 
Jonathan Easton's land, do report as followeth : 

To begin at the northern and easternmost gate, that stands 
where the old bars were, upon the dividing line between Edw. 
Easton's and Jonathan Easton's land ; and to begin one rod 
northward of said gate, and to run s. 80, e. twenty-five rods, 
near to a rock, and to be four rods wide, lying south of said 



1751.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 333 

line, as it appears by the plan abovesaid, which we think to be 
sufficient drift way. JAMES ARNOLD, 

JOB RANDALL, 
June 19, 1751." CHRISTOPHER HARRIS. 

And now, this Assembly, having taken the said report into 
consideration, and duly examined the same, do vote and re- 
solve, and it is voted and resolved, that the said report be, and 
it is hereby accepted. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sum of £200 be allowed 
and paid to Capt. Joseph Harrison, and Mr. Matthew Robin- 
son, out of the general treasury, towards satisfying them, for 
their time, trouble and expenses, as commissioners in the ser- 
vice of the colony, respecting the northern boundary line. 

It is voted and resolved, that Stephen Hopkins, Esq., Capt. 
Joseph Harrison and Mr. Matthew Robinson, be, and they are 
hereby appointed a committee, to examine into all the cir- 
cumstances and matters of fact, relating to the northern boun- 
dary line of this colony, with full power to procure all such 
evidences, records and papers, as may be thereunto necessary, 
and to correspond and join with the colony of Connecticut, or 
a committee by them appointed, if it be found most expedient, 
in the prosecution of that affair ; and upon the whole, to pre- 
pare as complete a state of the case as they are able, and to 
lay the same before this Assembly at their next session, or as 
soon as the same can conveniently be done. 

God save the King. 



334 RECORDS OF THE COLO^T OF RHODE ISLAND [1751. 



Proceedings of the General Asscmhl^, held for the Colon?/ of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport^ the third Mon- 
day of August, 1751. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

It is voted and resolved, that Edward Scott, Peter Bours 
and Edward Easton, Esqs., together with the secretary, be, and 
they, or the major part of them, are hereby constituted a com- 
mittee, to collect all the public laws and acts of this colony 
that have been made since the termination of the printed book, 
and put them into print, and make a book thereof, with a pro- 
per table ; and that five hundred such books, and no more, on 
any pretence whatsoever, be printed ; the whole to be at the 
charge of the colony ; and when done, to be lodged in the 
hands of the general treasurer. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the said committee 
take security of the printer, that he will not print, or suffer to 
be printed in his press, any greater than the above mentioned 
number ; and that one of said books be delivered to each town 
clerk in the colony, to and for the use of each respective 
town. 

The committee that was appointed by this Assembly, at 
their last session, to inquire into the relation, station and cir- 
cumstances of sundry persons, who (calling themselves inhab- 
itants of this colony,) lately petitioned His Majesty, respecting, 
our paper currency, made the following report : 

" To the General Assembly, now sitting in Newport, the 22d 

of August, A. D. 1751 : 

By virtue of the vote of the General Assembly, in June last, 
appointing us to inquire into tlio relation, station and circum- 



1751.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 335 

stances, which certain persons, lately petitioners to His Majes- 
ty, stand in to His Majesty and this colony, as by said vote 
may appear, we have inquired into the same, in the best man- 
ner we are capable, for the time, and do report : 

That we find, upon the best information we can obtain, that 
all but twelve of the said petitioners are freemen 6f this colo- 
ny, or of some town or other in this colony ; and that, as to 
their relation, station or circumstances, we find that two of the 
are officers, to wit : Ebenezer Richardson, is the justice of the 
peace, in this colony, in the county of Newport; and that the 
circumstances o( some of them, are visibly very considerable ; 
but the circumstances of others are to us unknown. 

JABEZ BOWEN, 
ELISHA BROWN, 
JOSEPH NICHOLS." 

And now, this Assembly, having taken the said report into 
consideration, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
same be, and it is hereby accepted. 

It is voted and resolved, that the draught of a letter to our 
agent in Great Britain, made by a committee, appointed for 
that purpose, be, and the same is hereby approved ; and that a 
fair copy thereof, be made, to be signed by His Honor, the 
Governor, and sent to the agent, by the first opportunity. 

Whereas, the bills of credit that have been emitted by this 
colony, have all along, from their first being current as a me- 
dium of exchange, depreciated, and gradually grown less in 
their value, down to this time, which hath occasioned many 
people to complain, and that with just cause, that they have 
been sufferers by such the alteration of the medium established 
by the laws of this colony ; therefore, for the preventing any 
such inconveniency from happening for the future, — 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly, and by the authority 
thereof it is hereby enacted, that in all debts that now are, or 
hereafter shall become due in this colony, by any manner or way 
whatsoever, that for every sixty-four shillings appearing to be 



336 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1751. 

due ill old tenor bills, or for every 16-5. appearing to be due in 
new tenor bills, or for every six shillings and nine pence 
appearing to be due in the bills emitted in March, A. D. 
1750, the debtor at the time of payment, shall pay as much 
in any of the aforementioned bills, as at the time of payment 
are really aiid truly worth one ounce of silver, of sterling alloy ; 
and that all judgments in all the courts in this colony, shall 
at all times hereafter, be made up agreeably to this act. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
no court shall at any time hereafter, in this colony, make up 
judgment against any man for any debt, whatsoever, that does 
not exceed sixty-four shillings, in old tenor bills, or sixteen 
shillings in new tenor bills, or six shillings and nine pence, in 
the bills emitted in March, A. D. 1750, for more of said bills 
than at the time of making up such judgment, are truly and 
really worth one ounce of silver of sterling alloy at that time ; 
and so in proportion for any greater or less sum. 

Protest. 

" We, the subscribers, do dissent from and protest against 
this bill, for the following reasons : 

1. Because we are of opinion, that the method proposed in 
this bill will not prevent a further depreciation of the bills we 
have now outstanding, which are fixed by laws of the colony, 
at a very different value from what they are stated at in this bill. 

2. Because our bills of the new tenor are, by the acts 
whereby they were emitted, of the same value as the bills by 
the act of March passed to be emitted ; and it is manifestly 
absurd and unjust, that six shillings and nine pence of the one, 
should be made equal to sixteen shillings of the other. 

3. Because six shillings and nine pence in bills of the new 
tenor, are by a law of this colony, made in May, 1741, equal 
only to twenty-seven shillings in bills of old tenor ; but by 
this bill, sixty-four shillings in our old tenor bills, are made 
equal to six shillings and nine pence in bills of the same value 
as the ))i]ls of the new tenor, which appears to us to be mani- 
festly unreasonable and unjust. 



1751.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 337 

4. Because if this bill sliould pass into a law, we apprehend 
that the public faith and credit of the government will be 
violated. PETER BOURS, 

Newport, August 23, 1751." EDWARD SCOTT. 

The gentlemen that were appointed to audit the accounts of 
the committee that paid off the officers and soldiers raised in 
this colony for the expedition intended against Canada, pre- 
sented this Assembly with the following report and account : 

The colony of Rhode Island, &c., to Stephen Hopkins, Dr. 

Sterling. Currency. 
£ s. d. X, s. d. 
1750, Oct. 31. To money paid to the officers and sol- 
diers raised for the Canada expedi- 
tion, per account rendered 1,295 10 7 12,955 5 10 

900 per cent, exchange, or 10 for 1, is 19 08 1 194 10 



Balance due to the colony, £1,314 18 8 13,149 6 08 

.The colony of Rhode Island, &c., to Stephen Hopkins, Cr. 

Sterhng. Currency. 

£ s. d. £ i'. d. 

1749, June 17. By the muster roll of the company in 
His Majesty's service, raised in this 
colony, for the reduction of Canada ; 
first commanded by Capt. William 
Rice, until his death ; afterwards, 

by Capt. Nathan Carpenter 1,314 18 8 

900 per cent, exchange, or 10 for 1, is 13,149 C 8 

" We, the subscribers, being appointed by the General Assembly, a committee to 
audit the accounts of that committee, which was appointed to pay off the officers 
and soldiers raised for the intended expedition against Canada, do report conforma- 
bly to said appointment : 

We have audited the above account of Stephen Hopkins, Esq., one of said com- 
mittee, and do find there is due from him to the colony, £194 10s., old tenor, as 
appears by the above account stated. JOSEPH WHIPPLE, 

JOHN TILLINGHAST, 

Dated Newport, August 21, 1751. THOMAS CRANSTON." 

The colony of Rhode Island, Dr. 
To our time and trouble, auditing the above account ; likewise audit- 
ing the account of Messrs. George Wanton and James Sheffield, 

two others of said committee £45 Os. Oa. 

JOSEPH WHIPPLE, 
JOHN TILLINGHAST, 
THOMAS CRANSTON." 

VOL. V. 43 



338 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1751. 

And now this Assembly, having taken the premises into 
consideration, and duly examined the same, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
said report be, and it is hereby accepted ; that the amount 
charged by the committee against the colony, be allowed, and 
£45, the amount thereof, paid them out of the general treasury. 

God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly held for the Colony of 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kings- 
tovm, the last Wednesday in October, 1751. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Whereas, upon His Majesty's creating His Royal Highness, 
Prince George, Prince of Wales, he was pleased to order in 
council, that a particular form of prayer should be used in 
praying for the royal family, and hath directed this govern- 
ment to cause the same to be published in the several parish 
churches, and other places of divine worship, within this colo- 
ny, &c.,— 

This Assembly therefore vote and resolve, and it is voted 
and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, cause proclama- 
tion to be made of the aforesaid order throughout the colony, 
requiring it to be observed according to the true intent and 
meaning thereof 

Whereas, the town of Providence, did, by Stephen Hopkins, 
Esq., one of their deputies, represent unto this Assembly, that 
in and near said town, for some time past, there hath been, 
and still is carried on, a considerable trade by sea, whereby the 
small pox hath of late been very often brought into said town; 
and as there is no pest house in that part of the colony for the 
receiving such infected persons, there is very great danger of 
the distemper's spreading ; which (should it happen) would be 



1751.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 339 

of very fatal consequence to this colony ; he therefore, in be- 
half of said town, prayed a grant of such a sum of money out 
of the general treasury, as this Assembly shall think reasona- 
ble for the purpose aforesaid ; which being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the sum of £600, be allowed 
and paid out of the general treasury, towards building a pest 
house, for the end and purpose, aforesaid. 

And that Mr. William Smith, of Providence, be empowered 
to draw said sum, for the use aforesaid, upon sufficient securi- 
ty's being lodged in the general treasury that all parts of the 
government shall have the privilege of making use of said 
house as often as occasion shall require ; the county of New- 
port excepted. 

Whereas, Thomas Haszard, keeper of His Majesty's jail, at 
South Kingstown, in the county of Kings county, by petition, 
represented unto this Assembly, that on the 24th of February 
last, one Thomas Carter, of Newport, was committed to said 
jail, for the murder of William Jackson, late of Virginia ; that 
said Carter was by the said Haszard, safely kept in said jail, 
till the 10th of May, when he was executed ; that from a gen- 
eral fear, which spread itself through the country, that at- 
tempts might be made to rescue said Carter, the petitioner was 
forbidden by the authority, to entertain strangers or travel- 
lers, and was obliged to be constantly at home, to his great 
loss, &c. ; and thereupon prayed that the sum of £5 per week 
might be allowed and paid him, out of the general treasury ; 
this Assembly, having taken the premises into consideration, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
said petition be, and it is hereby granted. 

God save the King. 

[The following Public Laws, passed during the year 1751, are printed at 
length in the volume of public laws, published in the year 1767, unless repealed 
previous to that time.] 

An Act in addition to an act, entitled " An act prohibiting sports and labor on the 
first day of the week," made and passed by the General Assembly, May 6, 1679. 
(March.) 

An Act for promoting the raising flax and wool, and manufacturing the same into 
cloth; and also for giving a proper and suitable encouragement for carrying on 



340 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1752. 

the whale and cjd fishery ; and for these ends, making and emitting the sum of 

£25,000 in bills of public credit of this colony, and settling and ascertaining the 

value thereof, (March.) 
An Act to prevent all persons keeping house within this colony, from entertaining 

Indian, negro or mulatto servants or slaves. (March.) 
An Act for reviving the superior court of judicature, court of assize and general 

jail delivery, of the county of Newport. (March.) 
An Act for granting an excise upon wines, liquors and other strong drink, sold by 

retail within the town of Newport. (March.) 
An Act to prevent breaking lamps, that are already, or shall hereafter be set up in 

the town of Newport. (Marcb.J 
An Act for the preventing of damage to be done by the firing of the woods in any 

town in this colony. 
An Act in addition to an act, entitled " An act for granting an excise upon wines, 

liquors and other strong drink, sold by retail in the town of Newport." (May.) 
An Act for amending, explaining and repealing several paragraphs in the act 

jiassed in Maixh, of the present year, for promoting the raising of flax and wool, 

the encourageuK'nt of the whale fishery, etc. etc. (June.) 
An Act regulating and establishing a just and equal mode of gauging, throughout 

the colony. (June.) 
An Act for naturalizing Francis Ferrari, of Newport, merchant, late a subject of 

the Republic of Genoa. (June.) 
An Act for erecting and establishing the office of notary public, in the town of 

Providence. (August.) 
An Act increasing the allowance to insolvent debtors, in His Majesty's jail, and 

that of poor prisoners at the King's suit. (August.) 
An Act for naturalizing Peter Simon, of Newport, merchant, late a subject of the 

French king. (August.) 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Bhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kingstown, the last 
Tuesday in February, 1751-52. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With ihQ assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Wherea.s, the General Assembly of this colony, at their ses- 
sion in June last, appointed Stephen Hopkins, Esq., Capt. Jo- 
seph Harrison and Mr. Matthew Robinson, a committee, to ex- 
amine into all the circumstances, and other matters of fltct, re- 
lating to the northern boundary line of tliis colony, with full 



1752.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 341 

power to procure all such evidences, records and papers, as may- 
be thereunto necessary ; and to correspond and join with the 
colony of Connecticut, or a committee by them appointed (if it 
be found most expedient), in the prosecution of that affair ; 
and upon the whole, to prepare as complete a statement of the 
case as they are able ; and to lay the same before the Assem- 
bly as soon as it can conveniently be done ; and the business 
remaining still unperpetrated, — 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is A^oted and re- 
solved, that Thomas Arnold, Esq., be, and he is hereby added 
to said committee ; and that they, or any two of them, proceed 
on the affair, and complete it as soon as the same can be well 
done ; and make report of their doings to this Assembly, at 
their next session. 

Whereas, William Barber and others represented to this As- 
sembly that sundry of the inhabitants of Westerly had peti- 
tioned their town council, to order two highways to be laid out 
in said town ; one from Wood river, to Exeter ; and the other 
from Crandall's Mill, through said town, northerly, to meet with 
the said intended highway ; and notwithstanding the said pe- 
tioners had showed the said town council the necessity of said 
highways, their petition was rejected ; whereupon, thoy made 
application hither : and this Assembly, having taken the prem- 
ises into consideration, and duly weighed the arguments of the 
parties, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that Rob- 
ert Lillibridge, Esq., Stephen Richmond, Esq. and Mr. Benja- 
min Brown, be, and they, or the major part of them, are hereby 
constituted a committee, with full power to lay out highways, 
agreeably to the prayer of the aforesaid petition, and agree 
with the owners of the land, through which said highways shall 
run ; or in case they cannot agree, then to set a price on the 
land that shall be so converted into highways ; that the whole 
charge be paid by the town of Westerly ; and that the said 
committee make report to the General Assembly, at their next 
session. 

Whereas, the General Assembly of this colony, some time 



342 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1752. 

past, being well informed of the great necessity of paving the 
streets of Newport, and more especially, that leading from the 
colony house, did, for that end, grant a public lottery ; but 
some of the directors declining being concerned therein ; and 
the time for drawing the same elapsed ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved by this Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof, that the said lottery be, and it is hereby 
revived in the following manner, viz. : 

The lottery shall consist of twelve thousand and five hun- 
dred tickets, at £4 old tenor, each ; three thousand and forty- 
nine of which, to be fortunate, in the following manner : 

[Here follows the scheme of the lottery.] 

Whereas, Col. Christopher Champlin and Capt. Nathaniel 
Lewis, deputies of Charlestown, did, in behalf of said town, rep- 
resent unto this Assembly, that they are under great difficulty 
and disadvantage, for want of some convenient harbor or land- 
ing, for transportation, it being about sixteen miles from said 
town to Point Judith Pier, and almost as far to Pawcatuck 
River, which places are the nearest harbors they have to de- 
pend on ; which they set forth to the General Assembly, some 
years past, who appointed a committee to inspect into the cir- 
cumstances of said affair, and find out whether said difficulty 
might not not be remedied, by turning a branch of Pawcatuck 
[river] into a large salt pond, in said town ; which stream of 
water (when turned into said pond,) will undoubtedly keep 
open a large breach running out of said pond into the sea ; 
that the committte did view and examine into the aflair, and 
reported to the Assembly, that it might be very well effected, 
and that without an extraordinary charge, &c. ; that upon the 
report of said committee, the Assembly, in their wisdom, passed 
an act for turning said river for the purpose aforesaid, on con- 
ditions which were not easily to be performed by the petition- 
ers ; they being to procure sufficient bonds, to make and main- 
tain such and so many bridges as should become necessary, 
and occasioned Ijv taming said river; and also to carry on the 



1752.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 343 

fourth part of said work, the other three parts to be done at the 
charge of the colony ; that now the conditions enjoined by said 
act of Assembly, are performed, &c. ; whereupon, they prayed 
to be directed to go on in the aforesaid work, agreeably to the 
aforesaid act of Assembly ; and that the colony's part of the 
charge be paid out of the interest of the present bank, &c. ; 
and this Assembly having taken the premises into considera- 
tion, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that Ben- 
jamin Haszard, Jeremiah Lippitt and Joseph Nichols, Esqs., to- 
gether with Messrs. Joseph Harrison and Isaiah Wilkinson, be, 
and they, or the major part of them, are hereby appointed a 
committee, to inspect into all the circumstances relating to the 
aforementioned affair, and form an estimate of the cost and 
charge of performing said work, and report to this Assembly 
at their next session. 

It is voted, resolved and declared, that the true intent and 
meaning of the act passed by the General Assembly, in their 
session at Newport, in June last, for settling and ascertaining 
the value of silver ; that Spanish silver milled dollars pass for 
fifty-six shillings each, in bills of credit of the old tenor, and 
for all other bills of credit of the other emissions, equivalent 
thereto. 

God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assembli/, held for the Colony of Hhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport, the hth day 
of May, 1752. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. John Tillinghast, Mr. Nicholas Cooke, 

Mr. Jonathan Nichols, Mr. Jabez Bowen, 



344 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1752. 



ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. Stephen Browuell, Mr. William Ptichmond, 

Mr. Robert Lawton, Mr. Jeoffrey Watson. 

Mr. James Arnold, 

The lion. Thomas Cranston, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyn- 
don, clerk. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhl//, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport, the first Wednes- 
day/ of May, 1752. 

The Hon. William, Greene, Governor. 

The lion. Joseph Whipple, Depnty Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 



DEPUTIES. 


Newport. 


WarwicJc. 


Mr. Nathaniel Coggeshall, 


Capt. John Greene, 


]Mr. Edward Scott, 


Mr. John Ilolden, 


Mr. Thomas Cranston, 


Lieut. Col. Stephen Low^ 


INIr. Peter Bours, 


]Mr. Benjamin Arnold. 


Capt. Job Bennett, Jr. 


Westerly. 


Providence. 


Col. Oliver Babcock, 


Mr. Stephen Hopkins, 


Mr. Joshua Babcock. 


Mr. Elisha Brown, 


New Shore ham. 


Mr. George Brown. 


Mr. John Littlefield, 


Portsmouth. 


Mr. Joshua Sands. 


Mr. William Anthony, Jr., 


North Kingstown. 


Mr. John Allen, 


Col. Immanuel Northup, 


Mr. Caleb Hill, 


Mr. Beriah Brown. 


Mr. Gideon Freeborn, Jr. 





1752.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



345 



DEPUTIES. 



South Kmgstoim, 
Mr. Jeofl'iy Haszard, 
Col. Thomas Hazard. 
East Greenwich, 
Mr. Joseph Nichols, 
Mr. John Fry. 

Jamestown. 
Mr. Joseph Clarke. 
Mr. Josiah Arnold, Jr. 

Smithfield. 
Mr, Thomas Arnold, 
Mr. John Aldrich. 
Scitucde. 
Capt. Job Randall, 
Capt. Charles Harris. 

Glocester. 
Col. Richard Smith, 
Mr. Andrew Brown. 
Charlestown. 
Capt. Nathaniel Lewis, 
Mr. James Congdon, Jr. 

West Greenwich. 
Mr. Jeremiah Ellis, 
Mr. George Gardner. 

Coventry. 
Mr. John Greene, 
Mr. Caleb Greene. 



Exeter. 
Capt. John Reynolds, 
Mr. Job Tripp." 

Mlddlctmvn. 
Capt. William Turner, 
Mr. Joshua Coggeshall. 

Bristol. 
Mr. Jonathan Peck, 
Capt. Simeon Potter. 

Tiverton. 
Mr. Edward Wanton, 
Mr. Thomas Howland. 

Little Compton. 
Mr. William Hall, 
Mr. Richard Greenhill. 

Warren. 
Capt. John Adams, 
Mr. John Cole. 

Cimiberland. 
Mr. Job Bartlett, 
Mr. John Dexter. 
Richmond. 
Mr. John Weston, 
Mr. Joseph Hoxsie, 



The Hon. Thomas Cranston, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyndon, 
clerk. 

The following officers declared elected, were duly engaged. 



The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor, 

VOL. V. 44 



34G RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF KHODE ISL.\ND [1752. 



ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. John Tillinghast, Mr. Robert Lawton, 

Mr. Jonathan Nichols^ Mr. James Arnold, 

Mr. Nicholas Cooke, Mr. William Richmond, 

Mr. Jabez Bowen, Mr. Daniel Coggeshall, 

Mr. Stephen Brownell, Mr. JeolTrey Watson. 

SECRETARY. GENERAL TREASURER. 

Mr. Thomas Ward. Mr. Thomas Richardson. 

ATTORNEY GENERAL, 

Mr. Daniel Updike. 

The united committees of the colony of Connecticut, and of 
this, presented the Assembly Avith the following report, viz. : 

RejJOii on the Northern Boundary. 

"jWe, the subscribers, being appointed by the General Assemblies of the colonies 
of Connecticut and Khode Island, respectively, to examine into all the matters ol'f'act, 
records, evidences, papers and circumstances relating to the northern bounds of the 
said colonies, towards the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, 'with authority in be- 
half of each colony, to join together and correspond in the prosecution of this mat- 
ter ; and in pursuance of the things committed to us, we met together at Hartford, 
in the colony of Connecticut, and having duly examined, to the best of our abili- 
ties, the whole of this dispute, have agreed to jointly make the following report : 

That we find King Charles the First, in the fourth year of his reign, granted a char- 
tor to the Massachusetts colony, bounding them southerly in these words : ' And a 
certain other river there, called Charles River, being in the bottom of a certain bay 
there ; and also all and singular those lands and hereditaments whatsoever, lymg 
wit]}in (he space of threa English miles, on the south part of said Charles River, or 
iifaiiy and every part thereof; by which description, compared ^xith the other parts 
iifsaid charter, it plainly appears, that the place or point, which is three English 
miles south from the most southern part of Charles River, is the place Where a line 
ought to commence and run from thence due west, to form the southern boundary 
of the abovesaid Province. 

That afterwards, King Charles the Second, in the fourteenth year of his reign, 
granted a charter to the colony of Connecticut, and in the fifteenth year of his 
reign granted a charter to the colony of Rhode Island ; and in his said charters 
bounded both the said colonics northward, on the south line of the said Province of 
the iSIassachusetts Pay. 

That the said colonics of Connecticut an<l Kliodc T>land, lying far distant from the 
plaii' or point where the said Massachusetts south line onoliih to commence, were 



1752.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 347 



utterly ignorant about it ; nor doth it appear they ever concei-ned themselves about 
the knowledge thereof, until the inhabitants on both sides began to settle pretty 
near the place where it was supposed the line would pass ; and many disorders 
and confusion arising among those borderers, made it necessary to find where the 
dividing line between the Province and the said colonies ought to be ; which occa- 
sioned both the colonies of Connecticut and Rhode Island to apply to the Province, 
to have the said line ascertained and marked out ; and that when commissioners in 
order thereto were first appointed by the colony of R. Island, in the year 1710-11, 
and by the colony of Connecticut, in the year 1713, to meet with commissioners ap- 
pointed by the said Province, with intent to find the true place where the said 
Province south line ought to commence ; who being for that purpose met, the Prov- 
ince commissioners informed them that the point or place for their south line to 
commence at, had long before, in the year 1642, been found out and fixed by Na- 
thaniel Woodward and Solomon Saflery, skillful artists, by the said Province ap- 
pointed for that purpose : and also showed forth a plan or map, (as they then as- 
serted) of the doings of the said Woodward and Saffery, on which was deciphered 
the southernmost part of the said Charles River and a station, said to be by them 
erected, standing three miles (and no more) south from the southernmost part of the 
said Charles River, and confidently aflirming the said measure to be rightly made ; 
and the said station to be truly affixed. 

And all this matter being out of the knowledge of the commissioners for both col- 
onies ; but they, by giving credit to, and believing the said Province commissioners 
were thereby induced, the commissioners for Connecticut, on the 13th day of July, 
1713, and the commissioners for Rhode Island, finally in October, 1718, to agree 
that the stake or station set up and erected by Nathaniel Woodward and Solomon 
Saffery, in the year 1642, should be the place for the said Province south line to 
commence at, fully believing they had been told, and as by the said plat, it appear- 
ed, that the said station was no more than three miles south from the southernmost 
part of Charles River, agreeably to the Massachusetts charter. 

That in consequence of the said agreements entered into as aforesaid, the said 
colony of Connecticut, in the said year 1713, and the colony of Rhode Island in the 
year 1719, appointed persons called riding commissioners, to meet with persons in 
the same character, appointed by the said Province, to go and begin at the place 
in the said agreements mentioned (three miles south of the southernmost part of said 
Charles River) and marked out the said dividing line, according to the respective 
charters ; who meeting with the said Province commissioners, and not being ac- 
quainted in that part of the country, nor having knowledge of the places where 
the said Woodward and Saffery's station was, the said Province riding commissioners 
deceitfully carried them to a place on Wrentham Plain, affirmed, that there the 
station erected by Woodward and Saffery, had formerly stood ; and the said colo- 
nies' commissioners not knowing, but really believing it was the right place, and 
within three miles of Charles River, (though in truth the place so shown them, was 
seven miles and fifty-six poles more southward than the southernmost part of 
Charles River) did there begin, and did run and mark out a line, as the true line south 
of the said Province ; and in consequence of the Ime so run, though it was so er- 
roneously done, the said Province have hitherto exercised and held the jurisdiction. 
That the truth of those several facts is clearly made to appear ; the first, by the 
Massachusetts charter ; the second by the Connecticut and Rhode Island charters; 
the third, by the face of the agreements themselves, and by the copy of the pre- 



o4(S RECOUDS OF THE COLO.NV OF EHOL>E ISLAND [1752. 

tended plan of Woodward and Saffery ; the fourth, that the place Logan at by the 
riding commissioners, is really seven miles and fifty-six poles to the southward of 
I he most southern part of Charles River, by the plan or map drawn by Mr. Joseph 
Harrison, and proved by Henry Harris, Esq., and Mr. Israel Wilkinson, who have 
actually and accurately measured the said distance. 

That the place they measured from, is really the most southern part of Charles 
lliver, is proved by the original grants of the towns of Medfield, Wrentham.',Medway» 
Bellin^ham and Holliston, all towns within the said Province ; and also by; a 
•Teat number of grants of lands to private persons ; all which serve to show what is> 
and always was called Charles River ; and also to show that the small stream (now 
called Mill Brook), and pretended now by the Province to cover their aforemen- 
tioned deceit, to be the southern part of Charles River, is only a small. brook,' and 
was never at any time called Charles River, but was all along known by the name 
of Jack's Pasture Brook, and Mill Brook ; and can no more properly be called a 
part of Charles River, than the water in the clouds may fitly be so | called, if it 
should chance to fall in such place as to be conveyed to the sea in|_the channeFof 
said river. 

That an agreement procured and perfected in the manner aforesaid, is so'far 
from altering the true lines and limits of jurisdiction, and thereby_depriving^or 
abridging the people of those privileges and advantages granted them by their sov- 
ereign, that we are humbly of opinion, it is not in the power of any to whom the 
right of jurisdiction IS granted by the King, to transfer the same to_^any_ other, 
though it might be pretended to be done on the most reasonable and equitable mo- 
tives, and on the most certain knowledge ; for if this were allowable, the several 
provinces and colonies in America might all transfer their right of jurisdiction to 
some one, and thereby erect one great and dangerous government, without the 
knowledge of, and contrary to the express intention and interest of the crown, that 
first granted such rights of jurisdiction, but never made them assignable. 

That it appears to us clearly, that the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, have 
all along, and still do hold the jurisdiction of a tract of land four miles and fifty-six 
poles in breadth, and the whole length of the colonies of Connecticut and Rhode 
Island, which they have no right to the jurisdiction of, and are humbly of opinion 
that it is advisable for the said colonies of Connecticut and Rhode Island to make 
their application to the King, their sovereign, praying that he would be graciously 
pleased to order the south line of the said Province of the Masssachusetts Bay to be 
marked out according to their charter ; that the said colonies also may hold out 
and enjoy the privileges granted them by their respective charters. 

And lastly, we humbly report, as our opinion, that the state of the cases of the 
colonies of Connecticut and Rhode Island, with the said Province, appears to be so 
far similar, that they may safely and fitly join together, and correspond in the 
])rosecution thereof, so far as to procure an order from the crown to have the said 
Province south line rightly settled ; and that the necessary expenses arising thcre- 
uu, V)c paid equally between the said colonics. 

Agreed to, by ROGER WOLCOTT, JR., STEPHEN HOPKINS, 
PHINEAS LYMAN, THOMAS ARNOLD. 

Hartford, April 1, 1752." 

And lliis Assembly liaviuo; Uikeii llic said report into coii- 
sideruliun, — 



1752.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 349 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
same be, and it is hereby accepted. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the gentlemen ap- 
pointed a committee by the colony, respecting the northern 
boundary line, be, and they are hereby continued for that 'pur- 
pose. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Restcom Sanford, be, and 
he is hereby appointed to perambulate that part of the colony 
line which runs between Little Compton and Dartmouth, at the 
charge of Little Compton. 

Whereas, a great number of gentlemen and others, inhabit- 
ants of the county of Kings county, preferred a petition to the 
General Assembly, held at South Kingstown, in February 
last, and among other things set forth, that the court house 
and jail on Tower Hill, in said South Kingstown, being in a 
remote corner of the county, expose the inhabitants to great 
inconveniences ; and both are so far gone to decay, that it will 
take a great deal of money to put them in tolerable repair . 
that they can never be made good, being miserably built at 
first ; that it will be a continual charge to keep them fit for 
use, so that the most prudent way will be, to have them pulled 
down, and others erected in their steads, at a place called 
Little Rest Hill, in South Kingstown, being near the center of 
the county, Avhere Col. Elisha Reynolds and others, offering to 
give lands, and build a court house and jail at their own cost 
and charge. 

On the other hand, a remonstrance was filed by several gen- 
tlemen and others, in answer to the said petition, offered to re- 
pair the court house and jail, on Tower Hill, at their own 
charge. 

Both which papers were taken into consideration, at that 
time, and the Assembly ordered the several towns of that 
county to be served with copies, wdiich was done accordingly ; 
and report being now made by the clerks of the several 
towns, — 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the said petition herein first named, be, and the 



350 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1752. 

siimo is hereby granted ; provided Col. Elisha Eeynolds, Mr. 
William Potter and INIajor Latham Clarke, give bond to the 
general treasurer, in the sum of £20,000 for the performance 
of all the conditions mentioned in their petition ; and for the 
court house being so far finished, as to be fit to hold court in 
bv the first Tuesday of August next; and the jail and jail 
house, not less than the jail and house in the county of Kent ; 
these last to be built and fit to receive prisoners before any 
part of the old jail house and jail be pulled down or removed ; 
and that said court house, and jail house, and jail, be completely 
finished within one year from the rising of this Assembly. 
God save the King. 

The Lords Commissioners, &c., to the Governor and Companij of 
Rhode Island. 

Whitehall, March 13, 1752. 
Gentlemen : — In obedience to His Majesty's command, sijjnitied to us by his or- 
der in council, of the 11th instant, containing regulations with respect to His Maj- 
esty's colonies and plantations in America, and the conduct of governors and other 
ollieers there, we herewith transmit you a copy of said order, that you may govern 
yourselves accordingly. 

So we bid you heartily fcvrewell, and are 

Your loving friends and humble servants, 
DUNK HALIFAX, ■ J. PITT, 

FRAN: FANE, J. GRENVILLE, 

JAMES OSWALD, DUPPLIN, 

CHARLES TOWNSHEND, ANDREW STONE. 

To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

&ecrctar>/ Iloklcrncsse to Gol^ernor Greene. 

Whitehall, March 30th, 1752. 
Sir: — I have His Majesty's command, to transmit to you, the copy of an order in 
council, calculated for the future regulation and government of His Majesty's 
American colonies; and likewise send you enclosed, the copy of a letter which the 
King has directed me to write to the lords commissioners of trade and plantations, 
explaining the method in which it is his royal pleasure their lordships should put 
in execution the said order of council; and you will accordingly receive an addi- 
tional instruction, from the said lords commissioners for trade and plantations, di- 
recting you for the future to address your letters to their lordships only, except in 
such cases, as may recpiire His Majesty's more immediate directions; and it is the 
King's pleasure that \ou should, for the future, conform yourself to the said order 
of council. 



1752.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 351 



But where, as it may happen, that circumstances of a very high and important 
nature may arise, which may require the utmost secrecy, it is the King's pleasure 
that if any such occur, within the district of your government, you should forthwith, 
with the utmost diligence and exactitude, transmit an account thereof to one of His 
Majesty's princijial secretaries of state only ; and you are, in such case, to follow all 
orders and directions, which His Majesty shall think proper, to direct one of nis 
principal secretaries of state to transmit to you in consequence thereof. 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

HOLDEliNESSE. 

To the Governor of Hhode Island. 

Order of the King in Council. 

At the Court, at St. James, 
the 11th day of March, 1752. 
Present, 
The King's Most Excellent Majesty, 
Lord President, Earl of Harcourt, 

Lord Privy Seal, Lord Berkely, of Stratton, 

Lord Chamberlain, Lord Cornwallis, 

Duke of Atholl, Mr. Vice Chamberlain, 

Duke of Newcastle, Mr. Chas:, of the Exchequer, 

Earl of Holdernesse, Lord Chief Justice VVilles, 

Earl of Jersey, Sir John Bushout, 

Earl of Cholmondely, Sir John Ligonier, 

Earl of Buckinghamshire, Sir George Lcc. 

His Majesty, having taken into his consideration the flourishing state and condi- 
tion of the manufactures, ti-ade and commerce of these kingdoms ; and also the state 
and condition of his colonies and iilantations in America, and elsewhere, with respect 
as well to their trade and commerce, as to their civil policy and government ; and 
whereas, it doth appear to His Majesty, that the said colonies and plantations have 
of late years, been greatly improved, the wealth of his subjects much increased, and 
the navigation of these kingdoms extended by the mutual intercourse between 
them and the said colonies, and by the trade and commerce arising therefrom ; and 
His Majesty being sensible of how great importance it is to His crown and govern- 
ment, and how much it will contribute to the satisfaction, convenience and ad- 
vantage of his subjects, that all due care be taken, and proper and necessary regu- 
lations made, for the further improvement and extension of the manufactures and 
commerce of these kingdoms, and for the encouragement, protection and security 
of the said colonies and plantations, — 

His Majesty therefore, is graciously pleased, with the advice of His privy council, 
to order, and it is hereby ordered, that the lords commissioners ibr trade and plan- 
tations, do, with all diligence, care and concern, apply themselves to a faithful and 
vigorous execution and discharge of all the trusts and powers vested in them by 
their commission, under the great seal. 

And whereas, nothing can more effectually tend to the peace, welfare and good 
government of the colonies and plantations, than the appointment of able, discreet 



352 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1752. 

and prudent persons to be governors, lieutenant governors, and other ofliccrs and 
magistrates ; — 

It is therefore hereby further ordered, that the said lords commissioners for trade 
and plantations, do, from time to time, as vacancies shall happen by deaths or re- 
movals, present unto His Slajesty in council, for bis approbation, the names of such 
persons as the said commissioners, from the best of their judgment and information, 
shall think duly qualified to be governors or deputy governors, or to be of His 
INIajesty's council, or of his counsel at law, or secretaries in the respective planta- 
tions ; and likewise, to present to His Majesty, for his approbation, the names of 
all other officers which have been, or may be found necessary for the administra- 
tion of justice, and the execution of government there ; excepting only such as are, 
or may be appointed for the direction and regulation of His Majesty's customs and 
revenues ; and such as are, or may be under the directions and authority of the 
lords commissioners of the admiralty. 

And when any persons shall have been approved of by His Majesty in council, 
for any of the above mentioned offices, the said lords commissioners shall (unless His 
jMajesty shall otherwise direct) prepare and make out proper draughts of such com- 
missions, warrants or instructions, as may be thought necessary to be given to such 
officers, in order to be laid before His Majesty, in council, for his royal approba- 
tion ; and when any persons shall be presented to His Majestj', for any of the other 
offices of an inferior nature, not judged necessary to be laid before His Majesty in 
council, and yet shall have otherwise received His Majesty's approbation, the said 
lords commissioners shall, in those cases (unless His Majesty should otherwise di- 
rect), prepare and make out proper draughts of commissions, or warrants necessa- 
ry to be given to such officers, in order to be laid before His Majesty, for his royal 
approbation accordingly. 

And it is hereby further ordered, that the said lords commissioners for trade and 
plantations, do execute and perform all other things necessary or proper for an- 
swering the intentions of their said commission. 

And whereas, the governors of all His Majesty's colonics and plantations, in 
America, more immediately under His Majesty's government, are, in particular 
cases, as well as in general, directed by His Majesty's instructions to transmit unto 
His Majesty, by one of His principal secretaries of state, and to the commissioners 
for trade and ],)lantations, accounts from time to time of all their proceedings, and 
of the condition of affairs within their respective governments. 

And whcreiis, it will tend to the benefit of the said colonies, the ease and conven- 
ience of His Majesty's subjects, and the greater regularity and despatch of business, 
if tin; correspondence be confined and pass through but one channel, — 

It is therefore further ordered, that the said lords commissioners do prepare the 
di-aught of an additional instruction to be sent to the governors of all His INIajesty's said 
colonics and plantations respectively ; signifying His Majesty's pleasure, that in all 
cases wherein, by His Majesty's instructions, they are directed to transmit any par- 
ticular or general accounts of their proceedings, or of matters relative to their gov- 
ernments, they do, for the future, transmit the same to the lords commissioners for 
trade and plantations onlij, in order that they may be laid before His Majesty. 

Provided, ncvcrthertheless, that whenever any occurrences shall happen within 
their respective governments of such a nature and importance as may require His 
Majesty's morn immediate directions, by one of His Majesty's principal secretaries 
of state : ar.d who upon occasions, and in all affairs, whereon they may receive His 



1752.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 353 



Majesty's orders, by one of his principal scretaries of state, the said governors shall, 
in all such cases, transmit to the secretary of state only, an account of all such oc- 
currences, and of their proceedings relative to such orders. 

And it is hereby further ordered, that a copy of this order, be transmitted to the 
said lords commissioners for trade and plantations, to be entered upon the books of 
the plantation ofBce ; and that the said commissioners do likewise transmit copies 
thereof, to the governors of His Majesty's colonies and plantations, respectively, to 
the end that all persons concerned, may govern themselves accordingly. 

WM. SIIARPE. 



l^ecretary Holdcrnesse to the Board of Trade. 

Whitehall, 30th March, 1752. 

My Lords: — An humble representation having been laid before the King, setting 
forth the present flourishing state of His Majesty's colonies in America, as well 
with regard to the number of inhabitants, as to the increase of trade in those parts 
of His Majesty's dominions ; and that it is highly necessary that the greatest care 
and attention should be had to the good government of, and regular administration 
of justice in the said American colonies. His Majesty was graciously pleased to re- 
fer the said representation to a committtee of the King's Most Honorable Privy 
Council, directing them to consider of the properest means for obtaining this desira- 
ble end ; and the same committee having made thereon their humble report to the 
King, His Majesty was pleased to direct an order of council, a copy of which is 
herewith enclosed, and to which Your Lordships will please to conform yourselves 
hereafter. 

And whereas, Your Lordships are hereby directed to prepare a draught of an 
additional instruction to be sent to the governors of all His Majesty's said colonies 
and plantations, directing them to correspond for the future with Your Loi'dships 
only ; excepting in such cases, as may require His Majesty's more immediate direc- 
tions ; I have His Majesty's command to signify to Your Lordships, that it is the 
King's pleasure you should transmit to one of His Majesty's principal secretaries of 
state, in order to their being laid before the King, all such letters as shall for the 
future be addressed to you, from any governor, or other person or persons acting 
as such, in any of His Majesty's colonies or plantations, in America, which may in 
any wise relate to his or their conduct towards the governors or other chief officers, 
of any foreign prince, power or potentate, whatsoever ; as also such letters as may 
relate to the transactions of any foreign governor or other officer, towards them, or 
any of His Majesty's subjects under their direction and regulation. 

And also, that Your Lordships should, in like manner, transmit unto one of His 
Majesty's principal secretaries of state, a draught of such answers, as you shall pre- 
pare to be given to any such letter or letters, as shall fall within the abovemention- 
tioned description, in order to its being laid before His Majesty, for his royal ap- 
probation ; and Your Lordships are hereby directed not to transmit to any of His 
Majesty's governors, or other person or persons acting as such, any orders or di- 
rections, relating to his or their conduct, so far as it may affect or be any wise con- 
strued to affect, any foreign prince, power or potentate, whatsoever, until the same 
shall have received the King's approbation, signified to Your Lordships by one or 
His Majesty's principal secretaries of state. 

VOL. V. 45 



354 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1752. 

As to all other matters of correspondence, vrhich shall from henceforward pass 
between Your Lordships and the respective governors in America, you will please 
to proceed in the usual manner. 

And whereas, Your Lordships are further directed by the said order of council, 
from time to time, as vacancies shall happen by deaths or removals, to present unto 
His Majesty, for his approbation, the name or names of such person or persons as 
Y''our Lordships, from the best of your judgment and information, shall think duly 
qualified, to be governors or deputy governors, or to be of His Majesty's council, or 
of his counsel at law, or secretaries in the respective plantations ; and likewise to 
present to His Majesty, for his approbation, the names of all other officers, which have 
been, or may be found necessary for the administration of justice, and the execu- 
tion of government there, excepting only such as are, or may be appointed for the 
direction and regulation of His Majesty's customs and revenues, and such as are, 
or may be under the directions and authority of the lords commissioners of the ad- 
miralty. 

I have the King's directions, to inform Your Lordships of his royal Intention, as 
to the manner of your proceeding herein, viz. : that in all such cases, where the 
names of proper persons for any of the offices above mentioned, have usually been 
laid before His Majesty in council, Your Lordships are to follow the same method 
for the future. 

And in all other cases provided for by this order of council, Your Lordships are 
to transmit to one of His Majesty's principal secretaries of state, to be by him laid 
before the King, for His Majesty's approbation, the names of such persons as you 
shall judge the most capable of executing any such office or trust, as specified in 
the above mentioned order of council. I am, my Lords, 

Your Lordships' most humble servant, 

HOLDERNESSE. 

To the Lords Commissioners of Trade and Plantations. 

Coj)>/ of an IndrucUon from His late Majesty^ to all his Governors 

in America. 

Whereas, the governors of such of our colonies and plantations, in America, as 
are more immediately under our government, are, in particular cases, as well as in 
general, directed and retjuired by our instructions to transmit unto us by one 
of our principal secretaries of state, and to our commissioners for trade and planta- 
tions, accounts from time to time, of all their proceedings, and of the condition of 
affairs within their respective governments. 

And whereas, it doth appear to us, that it will tend to the benefit of our said 
colonics and i)lantations, the ease and convenience of our subjects, and the greater 
regularity and despatch of business, if the correspondence be confined to, and pass 
through but one channel ; — 

It is therefore our express will and pleasure, that in all cases wherein, by our in- 
structions, you are directed to transmit any particular or general accounts of your 
proceedings, or of matters relative to the affairs of our province under your gov- 
ernment, you do for the future, transmit the same to our commissioners for tiade 
and plantations only, in order that they may be laid before us. 

Provided, nevertheless, and it is our express will and pleasure, that whenever 



1752.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 355 



any occurrences shall happen within our said province under your government, of 
such a nature and importance as may require our more immediate direction, by one 
of our principal secretaries of state ; and also upon all occasions and iu all affairs 
whereon you may receive our orders by one of our principal secretaries of state, 
you shall, iu all such cases, transmit it to our said secretary of state, only, an ac- 
count of all such occurrences, and of your proceedings relative to such orders. 



The Lords Commissioners of Trade and Plantations to tlm Gov- 
ernor and Company of Rhode Island. 

Whitehall, April 28, 1752. 
Gentlemen: — We herewith enclose to you, an instruction from their Excellen- 
cies, the Lords Justices, directing and requiring you to cause a true and authentic 
copy to be made of all the laws now in force within the colony of Rhode Island, 
and totransmit the said copy to us, in order to be laid before His Majesty, in his 
privy council, to which you will not fail of paying a due obedience. 
So we bid you heartily farewell, and are 

Your very loving friends and humble servants, 
DUNK HALIFAX, DUPPLIN, 

J. PITT, CHARLES TOWNSHEND. 

To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

Bij the Lords Justices Granville P. Gower, G. P. S, Marlborough, 

Holdernesse. 

Whitehall, April 16, 1752. 
Instructions to the Governor and Company of the colony of Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations, in America, for the time being. Given at Whitehall, 
this 16th day of April, 1752, in the twenty-fifth year of His Majesty's reign. 

Whereas, by the charter granted by His late Majesty, King Charles the Second, 
to the Governor and Company of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, 
in New England, in America, bearing date at Westmmster, the 8th day of July, in 
the fifteenth year of the said King's reign, the said Governor and Company, are em- 
powered to make, ordain, constitute or repeal such laws, statutes and ordinances as to 
them shall seem meet for the good and welfare of the said company ; provided, such 
laws, statutes and ordinances be not contrary and repugnant, but as near as may 
be, agreeably to the laws of this realm of England. 

And whereas, appeals are frequently brought before His Majesty, in His privy 
council, from the judgment and decrees made in the several courts of judicature, 
within the said colony, the determination whereof depends upon being duly in- 
formed of the laws subsisting within the same ; — 

It IS therefore His Majesty's will and pleasure, and you are hereby directed and 
required to cause a true and authentic copy to be made of all the laws, statutes and 
ordinances now in force v.-ithin the said colony of Rhode Island and Providence 
Plantations, and to transmit the same, duly authenticated, under the public seal ot 



356 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1752 

the said colony, to the commissioners for trade and plantations, as soon as conven- 
iently may be, in order to be laid before His Majesty, in his privy council. 

G. P. G., C. P. S. M., H. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Netvport, the \st day in 
June, 1752. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

It is voted and resolved, that the superior court of judicature 
of this colony, be, and they are hereby directed to permit John 
Pearce and Thomas Pearce to appeal to His Majesty, in coun- 
cil, from a judgment obtained against them, by John Rice, 
agreeably to the orders of His said Majesty, in council, now 
before this Assembly ; any law to the contrary hereof, notwith- 
standing. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the superior court 
meet in the county of Kent, on Tuesday, the 16th day of this 
instant June, for the purpose aforesaid ; and that the said John 
Rice be notified thereof, and served with a copy of this act, to- 
gether with a copy of said order of His Majesty, in council. 

Whereas, the laws of this colony exempt sundry officers and 
other persons of divers professions, from serving on the jury, 
which hath been found by experience, to include too great a 
numl)cr of the inhabitants, and protect the most sensible and 
substantial hoemen of the government fi'om so necessary a 
duty ; by reason whereof, it often happens, that causes of the 
greatest importance are decided by men of slender abilities, 
and little credit, to the great detriment of public justice • for 
remedy Avhereof, — 

Be it enacted by this Assembly, and by the authority there- 
oi" it is enacted, that no freeholder of this colony, whatsoever, 



1752.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. i357 

shall be exempted or protected from serving as a juror at any 
time hereafter, excepting such person or persons as do, or 
have sustained the several posts or offices hereafter enu- 
merated, viz. : 

The office of governor, deputy governor, assistant, secretary, 
attorney general, general treasurer, of a judge of the superior 
court of judicature, and of the inferior court of common pleas, 
who shall be forever exempted ; and also, whilst in office, the 
keeper of the grand committee's office, the clerks and sheriffs of 
each county, with their general and acting deputies, and the 
sergeants and officers attending upon the courts, and all jus- 
tices of the peace in commission, saving that they shall be 
obliged to serve in case of life and death, where tithe of land 
is concerned, if returned upon a venire ficias, or taken up as a 
talesman ; and also, all the attornies practicing in any of the 
courts of common pleas, or superior courts of judicature • and 
also, all physicians that live by their practice ; ministers of 
congregations of every denomination, are hereby exempted. 

Provided, that nothing this act shall extend, or be construed 
to extendjto repeal any part of an act, entitled "An act ex- 
empting the persons appointed to work the engines in New- 
port, from several duties," &c. 

Whereas, Col. Daniel Abbot, and others, represented that the 
General Assembly of this colony, in the year 1711, ordered a 
highway or road to be laid out through the lands of Provi- 
dence, Wesconoid and Warwick, leading into the center of 
of Connecticut, by the way of Plainfield ; and accordingly 
Nicholas Lang, Esq., then high sheriff of the colony, cmpan- 
nelled a jury of twenty-four good and sufficient men, who per- 
formed said work, and that there are still alive some persons 
that were present in doing the same ; that the said road or 
highway, hath ever since been improved as such ; that great 
cost and labor hath been bestowed to amend it, and several 
sums of money granted by the government, to make bridges 
for travellers to pass at all times over the several rivers, with- 
out any difficulty ; and it is now become a great road ; not- 
withstanding which, the town of Cuventiy have pa^-sed a vote 



358 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1752. 

to alter said highway, or road, and hiy it in such a critical 
place, that should it take effect, it would absolutely ruin the 
aforesaid road or highway ; for there is a long hill, near half a 
mile, stony and pungy, and over which the new road must 
pass ; and thereupon prayed this Assembly to appoint a com- 
mittee of three men, the most acquainted with said highway or 
road, and a surveyor, to revise the old bounds, if to be found, 
and where they are wanting, to make new ; to keep the now 
travelled and beaten road that has been so much worked upon 
and amended, and set the breadth, three poles ; thus the bounds 
being fixed, will instruct the settlers by said road, where to 
build their stone walls, and run other fences, &c. ; upon con- 
sideration whereof, — 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Stephen Hopkins, Job Randall and Charles Har- 
ris, Esqs., be, and they, or the major part of them, are hereby 
constituted a committee, to revise the bounds of the ancient 
highway or road, aforesaid, at the charge of the petitioners ; 
and make report thereof to the General Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that the draught of a letter, made 
by the committee, to be sent to the agent, be accepted and ap- 
proved of; and Ilis Honor, the Governor, is desired to order a 
fair copy thereof made, and sign the same, to be sent to the 
agent by the first good opportunity. 

Whereas, John Peirce, of East Greenwich, in the county of 
Kent, yeoman, by petition set forth that he was sued to an in- 
ferior court of common pleas, held at Providence, in December 
term, A. D. 1751, by John Mawney, of said Providence, Esq., 
in an action of the case for suing him, the said Mawney, in 
the county of Kent, for some misconduct in his oflice, as sheriff 
of the county of Providence, whereby the said Peirce appre- 
hended he had sustained some injury ; and at said inferior 
court, held at Providence, the said John Mawney recovered 
judgment in his favor, to have and receive from the said John 
Peirce, the sum of i>100 ; froniAvhich, both parties appealed to 
1 lie superior court held there, in jNIarch last past, where th*; 
same matter was again considered, and judgment there was 



1752.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 359 

rendered that the said John Mawney should recover of the 
said John Peirce £200 ; both which judgments the said Peirce 
apprehends are erroneous ; and more especially for that the 
same was tried illegally at the superior court ; there being on 
the jury at both trials^ one Grindal Rawson, which the said 
Peirce at the time of trial was altogether ignorant of; he 
therefore prayed said judgments might be set aside, and all 
process thereon stopped. 

On consideration whereof, and by consent of both parties, 
this Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, 
that the judgment of the superior court aformentioned, be, and 
the same is hereby annulled and declared void ; and that the 
said John Peirce have another trial of said cause, at the next 
superior court of judicature, to be held at Providence, within 
and for the county of Providence. 

God save the King. 

Governor Greene to the Agent of Rhode Island, in London. 

Rhode Island, 4th June, 1752. 

Sir : — This colony have lately received a letter from the lords commissioners for 
trade and plantations, enclosing the copy of an order of the King, in council, of the 
11th of March last ; by which the said lords commissioners are directed and em- 
powered to present to His Majesty all officers that have been, or may be found ne- 
cessary, in any of the plantations ; a copy of which, is herewith sent you ; and 
though this colony entertain a grateful sense of His Majesty's just and equal gov- 
ernment, and from thence are led to hope that nothing is intended by the said order 
to the prejudice of the charter privileges of this colony; yet, as the colony are ex- 
tremely fond of the valuable privileges they enjoy, and finding the said order run, 
in terms so very general, are in fear, that something may be intended by it to their 
disadvantage ; and their fears are further increased, by finding the said letter and 
order forwarded to them by Mr. William BoUan, and not by you, as is usual. 

I am therefore directed by the General Assembly to desire you to make diligent 
inquiry about the design and intention of the said order, and if need be, advise with 
counsel about it; and if you find it is intended to operate in this colony, so as 
to take away, or any way lessen pur charter privileges, immediately to advise the 
colony of it, and use all endeavors in your power to prevent any thing being fur- 
ther done in consequence thereof. 

You will easily imagine how much uneasiness the very thoughts of losing our 
liberties, creates in the inhabitants of this colony, and how much dependence they 
must necessarily have on you, who have been so long their agent ; and who, they look 



360 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1752. 

upon by principle, as well as interest, so much a friend to liberty, that on sueh an 
occasion, you will exert yourself to the uttermost. 

Having no further directions from the General Assembly, who rely wholly on 
your prudence, diligence and judgment in this matter, I conclude, and am — 

Your true friend and humble servant, 

WILLIAM GREENE. 
To Kichard Partridge, Esq. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhitj held for the Colotiy of Bhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, on the third 
Monday in August, 1752. 

The lion. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly, and by the authori- 
t}^ thereof, it is enacted, that every person who shall drive a 
loaded cart or trucks upon any part of the pavement lately 
laid in Queen street, from the colony house, to the east side of 
Thames street, in Newport, shall forfeit and pay a fme of £5 
fur every offence ; to be recovered before any two justices of 
said town, by the town treasurer ; which fine shall be to and 
for the use of said town. 

It is voted and resolved, that that part of the laws of the 
colony, which have been lately printed, be lodged with 
the general treasurer, to be sold at thirty shillings per 
book. 

Whereas, INIcssrs. Robert Lillibridge, Stephen Hichmond and 
Benjamin Brown, were, by the General Assembly, at their ses- 
sion in South Kingstown, on the last Tuesday of February 
last, appointed a committee to lay out highways in the town of 
Wcstcrl}', &c., and were directed to make report of their do- 
ings in the i)rcmiscs, &c. ; which province they undertook, and 
of tlieir proceedings ri'portcd as followeth, to wit: 



1752.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. * 861 



Report of the Committee on Higliways in Westerly. 

Westerly, March 16, 1752. 
Whereas, we, Robert Lillibridge, Stephen Richmond and Benjamin Brown, be- 
ing appointed a committee, by the General Assembly, at their last session, to lay 
out highways in Westerly, agreeably to the petitioners of said Westerly, and make 
report to the next sitting of Assembl)' ; whereby we have, and do report, conform- 
ably to said appointment, as follows : 

Firstly, from Wood River, through the north end of Westerly, to Exeter, accord- 
ing to the courses and distance, as follows : beginning at Wood River, adjacent to 
the highway that leads from said river, to the ferry, and thence west, eleven and a 
half degress north, twelve chains and sixty links, to a pine tree ; thence west, one 
and a quarter degrees north, nine cliains and twenty-five links, to a pine tree ; 
thence north, fifty-six degrees west, eight chains and ninety-five links, to a pine 
tree ; thence north, fifty degrees west, twelve chains and fifty-two links, to a pine 
tree ; thence north, thirty-six degrees west, thirty chains, to a stake and stones, 
north, forty-three and three quarters degrees west, twenty-five chains and fourteen 
links, to a stake and stones ; thence north, sixty-eight and a quarter degrees west, 
three chains and eighty links, to a heap of stones ; thence west, eighteen de"-rees 
south, thirteen chains and seventy-five links to a stake, sixteen foot off of the south- 
west corner of Benjamin Barber's house ; thence north, fifty-seven degrees west, 
fourteen chains and ninety links, to a rock ; thence west, eight and a half degrees 
south, thirty- three chains, to a white oak bush ; thence west, seven and a quarter 
degrees north, thirty chains, to a high rock ; thence north, fifty-eight degrees west, 
twenty-six chains, to a dry tree ; thence north, seventy-one and a quarter degrees 
west, six chains and seventy links, to a white oak tree ; thence west, eight and a 
halt degrees north, three chains and eighty-five links, to a stake ; thence north, 
forty-six and three quarters degrees west, two chains and eighty-seven links, to a 
black oak tree ; thence north, sixty degrees west, four chains and sixty-two links, 
to a heap of stones ; thence north, seventy-two and three quarters degrees west, 
twenty-one chains and sixty-two links, to a black oak tree ; thence west, thirteen 
and one half degrees north, two chains and seventy-nine links, to a rock, north, 
sixty-two and one half degrees west, twelve chains and fortv-nine links, to a stake . 
thence north, thirty-five and one quarter degrees west, thirty -one chains and eighty 
links, to a stake ; thence north, forty-six and a half degrees west, thirteen chains 
and forty-two links, to a pine tree ; thence north, thirty-one and one quarter de- 
grees west, twenty chains, to a stake and stones about it; and thence the same 
course to Exeter line, &c. ; all which courses and distances, is of the northward 
side of the highways ; which highway is four rods wide, &c. 

And here are the courses and distances of the second highway, as follows : 
Beginning at a stake and stones about it, on the westward side of the abovesaid high- 
way, it being at the most northerVimost turn in the aforesaid highway ; from thence 
south, thirty-one and a half degrees west, sixty-one chains, to a black oak tree ; thence 
south, ten degrees east, twelve chains and seventy-five links; thence south, six chains, 
twelve degrees east, twenty-eight chains and twenty-five links, to a black oak tree; 
thence south, twenty-seven degrees east, twenty-seven chains an. I fifty links ; thence 
south, six chains, &c., to a stake ; thence south, thirty-seven degrees west, twenty- 
seven chains atid fif^y links, &c. ; thence west, nine chains and ninety links to a 

VOL. V. 46 



362 ' UEC(JRl).S nF the COLONi' OF KHODE ISLAND [1752. 

wliitc oak tree; tbciicc south, lifty-five and a half degrees west, fourteen ehains and 
sevei)ty-fivo link?, to an oak tree ; thence south, thirty-two and a half degrees west, 
three chains and fifty links, to a chestnut tree ; thence twenty-four and a half de- 
grees west, four cliaiiis and forty-one links to a walnut tree ; thence south, thirty- 
eight and a half degrees west, one chain and sixty -eight links, to a white oak tree ; 
thence west, thirteen and three quarters degrees south, seven chains and fitty-seven 
links, to a white oak tree ; thence west, one and one quarter degrees south, three 
chains and seventy-five links, &c. ; thence north, seventy-one degrees west, three 
chains ; and thence north, fifty -seven and a half degrees west, three chains and 
forty-three links, to a black oak tree ; thence west, six degrees north, three chains 
and ninety-four links ; thence south, thirty-seven degrees west, two chains and 
twenty-three links, to a white oak tree ; thence south, sixty-three degrees west, one 
chain and nine links, to a black oak tree ; thence south, thirty-one and one half de- 
trrees west, five chains and twenty-two links, to a black oak tree ; thence south, 
seventeen degrees west, three chains, and eighty-one links ; and thence south, 
sixty-tour and a half degrees west, three chains and forty-seven links, to a black 
iiak tree ; thence west, ten and a quarter degrees south, three chains and ninety 
links, to a black oak tree ; thence west, thirteen and a half degrees north, eight 
chains and three links, &c. ; thence the same course, four chains and thirty-five 
^inks, to '.a dry pine tree ; thence west, six degrees north, nine chains, to a pine 
tree ; thence west, seventeen and a half degrees south, three chains and eighteen 
links, to a rock ; thence west, fourteen degrees north, two chains and eighty-seven 
links ; thence west, four degrees north, one chain and sixteen links, to two chest- 
nut trees ; thence south, sixty-two degrees west, one chain and eighty links ; thence 
south, sixty-six degrees west, three chains and twenty-five links, to a rock ; thence 
south, thirty-two and one quarter degrees west, eight chains to a stake, through a 
cedar swamp ; thence south, sixty degrees west, three chains and seventy-two 
links, to a chestnut tree; thence south, fifty-four degrees west, two chains and 
thirtv-nine links, to chestnut tree ; thence south, twenty-four degrees west, two 
chains and seventy links, to a bush ; thence south, twenty-one and one quarter de- 
grees east, two chains and fifty links, to a black oak tree; thence south, six degrees 
east, one chain and eighty-seven links, to a heap of stones ; thence south, fifty- 
seven and a half degrees west, three chains and fifty-five links, to a white oak tree ; 
thencp south, three and a half degrees west, two chains and seventy-five links, to a 
forked chestnut tree ; thence south, forty-six and a half degrees east, two chains 
and forty-one links, to a black oak tree ; thence south, forty-seven and a half de- 
grees east, five chains, to a high rock ; thence south, fifty degrees east, six chains 
and ninety-three links, to a white oak tree ; thence south, nine and a half de- 
grees east, two chains and twenty-five links ; thence south, thirty-nine degrees 
west, one chain and fifty links, to a black oak tree ; thence south, fort^'-one and a 
half degrees west, one chain and forty-four links ; thence south, eleven and three 
([uarlcrs degrees east, one chain, and ninety links; thence south, fourteen degrees 
west, four chains and thirty-four links ; thence south, twenty denfrees west, eleven 
chains and twenty-five links, to a rock ; thence south, eight and a half degrees east, 
fourteen chains and ninety-three links, to a black oak tree ; thence south, twenty- 
nine and a half degrees cast, (bur chains and seventy-one links; thence south, 
twplvo and a half degrees east, sixty-four chains, to a stake and stone about it ; 
thence south, seven and one quarter degrees east, twenty-five chains and fifty 
links, to a stone li'.ap ; thouce south, twenty-seven deorrecs west, seven chains and 



1752.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 3G3 



eighty-one links, to a white oak tree ; thence south, forty-six degrees west, four 
chains and twenty-five links, to a black oak tree ; thence south, forty -six and a lial^ 
degrees west, two chains and eighty-eight links, to a black oak tree i thence south, 
sixteen and a halt degrees west, three chains and sixty-four links ; thence south, 
fourteen degrees west, ten chains, to two sapling oaks ; thence south, nineteen and 
a half degrees west, three chains, and twenty-five links, to a black oak tree i thence 
south, thirty-seven and a half degrees west, three chains and fifty seven links, to the 
corner of Samuel Hill's land, all which courses and distances being ou the north 
and west side of said highway, and is four rods wide, and the remaining part three 
rods wide ; continuing on the same side of the highway, &c. ; thence south, two and 
and three quarters degrees west, nine chains and ninety-five links, to a black oak 
tree ; thence south, eighteen and a half degrees east, four chains and forty-four 
links, to a black oak tree ; thence south, fifteen and a half degrees west, seven chains 
and fifty links, to a rock ; thence south, nine and a half degrees west, three chains 
and twelve links, to a white oak tree ; thence south, two and three quarters de- 
grees west, ten chains and fifteen links, to a bush ; thence south, fifteen degrees 
west, two chains and fifty links, to a white oak tree ; thence south, fourteen and one 
quarter degrees west, one chain and eighty-eight links, a little east of a spring ; 
thence south, twenty-four and a half degrees west, five chains and fourteen 
links ; thence south, twenty-one degrees west, two chains, and sixty-one links, to 
two black oaks ; thence south, two and three quarters degrees west, six chains and 
seventy-one links, to an oak tree ; thence south, eighteen and three quarter degrees 
west, thirteen chains and eighty-six links ; thence south, thirteen degrees west, sev- 
en chains and fifty links, to a stake and stones about it ; thence south, eighteen and 
three quarters degrees west, eight chains, to a dry tree; thence south, half a degree east, 
twenty-eight chains and eleven links, to a stake and stones ; thence south, six and 
a quarter degrees west, six chains and forty-four links, to a stake and stones ^ 
thence south, nine and three quarters degrees west, thirteen chains and seventy- 
five links, the same course, thirteen chains and sixty-six links, to a stake ; thence 
south, sixty-five degrees west, seven chains and twenty-five links, to a stake ; 
thence south, ten degrees east, nineteen chains and six links, to a stake ; thence 
south, thirty degrees east, one chain to a stake ; thence south, sixty degrees east, 
and sixty-four links, to a stake ; thence south, thirty-one degrees east, three chains 
and seventy-one links, to a black oak tree ; thence south, six and a half degrees 
east, nine chains and forty-six links, to do. ; thence south, fourteen degrees east, 
seven chains and eighty-seven links, to a white oak tree ; thence south, eighteen 
degrees east, one chain and seventy-eight links, to a stake ; thence south, fifteen 
degrees west, two chains and sixty-seven links, to a stake ; thence south, thirty- 
three and a half degrees west, seven chains and seventy links, to a black oak 
bush ; thence west, one quarter of a degree north, ten chains and fifty links, to 
Capt. Maxson's corner ; thence south, nineteen and a half degrees east, three 
chains and fifty-five links, to a stake ; thence south, thirtj'-five degrees west, four 
chains and twenty-nine links, to a rock and stones on it ; thence south, thirty de- 
grees west, twelve chains and twenty-five links, to a stake and stones ; thence south, 
two and a half degrees east, and five chains; thence south, twenty-two degree* 
west, five chains and sixty-four links, to an apple tree ; thence soutli, thirty-one 
degrees west, four chains to a stone, and thirteen links, to the south of Uapt. Max- 
son's door, &c. ; thence south, forty-two degrees west, one chain and seventy-three 
links, to a gate post : tlieni.-e south, thirty-one degrees west, three chains and nine 



364 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1752. 

links, to a stake ; tlience south, sixty-three and a half degrees west, five chains and 
fifty-two links, to a stake and stones; thencej south,r-seventy-four degrees west, 
seven chains, to a heap of stones ; thence south,^twenty-two ;degrees_west, one 
chain and fifty links, to the same course, seven chains, to a chestnut tree; thence 
south, twentv-five degrees west, ten chains and fifty-six links, to a stake ; thence 
south, fifty-two and a half degrees west, two chains and ninety-three links, to a 
white oak tree ; thence south, fifty and a half degrees west, six chains and forty- 
two links, &c. ; south, fifty-one and one quarter degrees west, sixty-seven chains and 
eighty- ein-ht links, to a stake ; thence west, sixteen dogrees'seuth, three chains and 
eifhtv-six links, to a cherry tree ; thence south, thirty-nine]and[a half degrees west, 
two chains and sixty-one links, to a cherry tree; thence south, twenty-six and a half 
decrees west, two chains, and seventy-five links, to a stake and stones ; thence 
south, five decrees west, four chains and thirty-eight links, to a stake and stones ; 
thence south, seventeen degrees west, four chains, to a stake and stones ; thence 
south, twenty-six and a half degrees west, six chains'^and fifty-nine links, to 
Esquire Randall's land ; tlience south, twenty-eight and a half degrees west, seven 
chains and fifteen links, to a white oak tree ; thence south, thirty-six degrees west, 
three chains and nine links, to a birch tree ; thence south, twenty-nine degrees 
west, one chain and eighteen links, to a stake ; thence south, thirty-two degrees 
wfcst, two chains and ninety links, to a black oak tree ; thence south, fifteen de- 
crees west, three chains, to a stake ; thence south, nine and three quarters degrees 
west, -ten chains and seventy-two links, to a stake ; thence south, seventeen and a half 
decrees west, four chains and thirty-four links, to a stake ; thence south, fifteen and 
a half degrees west, nine chains and thirty -four links, to a stake; thence south, 
twenty-four degrees west, two chains and eighty links, to a stake ; thence south, 
thirty-eight degrees west, eight chains and fifteen links, to a stake and stones ; 
thence south, twenty-six and a half degrees west, twelve chains and ninety-five 
links, to a stake and stones ; thence south, twenty-nine degrees west, eight chains, 
the same course, eight chains and twenty-five links more ; thence south, twenty- 
seven degrees west, six chains and eighty-eight links, to a stake ; thence south, 
fifty-two degrees west, and five chains and seventy-five links, to a white oak tree • 
thence south, sixty-four degrees west, five chains, to a stake; thence south, sixty- 
one degrees west, two chains and twenty-nine links, to[a stake ; thence west, thir- 
teen degrees south, sixty-nine links, to a rock ; thence west, eighteen degrees 
north, three chains, to a stake, by the river ; thence south, twelve degrees west, 
over the river, to the west side of the bridge, by Crandall's Mill. 

The following is the quantity of land taken up in the said highways, and prized 
to the proprietors, that we could not agree with, &c. ; and in the following manner 
the proprietors' names are subscribed to the right hand of his quantity of land, and 
value thereto. 

[Here follows a list of the several jiarcels of land, with the value affixed thereto.] 

£ 5. d. 

Second highways total 349 2 10 

First " " 50 4 09 

£399 7 07 



1752.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 365 



Proceedings of the General Assembly held for the Color}?/ of 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the 
last Wednesday in October, 1752. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

[The following Public Laws, passed during the year 1752, are printed at 
length in the volume of public laws, published in the year 17G7, unless repealed 
previous to that time.] 

An Act empowering the freemen of the town of Providence to take up a conven- 
ient piece of land for building a pest house. (February.) 

An Act in addition to an act, entitled "An act to prevent the spreading of the 
small pox, and other contagious diseases, in this colony." (February.) 

An Act to prevent the small pox [from being] brought into the colony by strangers 
and travellers coming from infected districts. (May.) 

An Act in addition to an act, regulating and establishing a just and equal method 
of gauging, in and throughout the colony. (May.) 

An Act regulating the proceedings in cases of bastardy. (June.) 

An Act enabling the justices of the inferior courts of common pleas to hold special 
courts on certain occasions. (June.) 

An Act exempting sundry persons from making oath or affirmation, notwithstand- 
ing the general laws of the colony, made about sueing out executions. (June.) 

An additional Act for the establishing and regulating of fees. (August.) 

An Act for stating and better regulating the several ferries in this colony. 
(August.) 

An Act for raising money by way of lottery, to reimburse what money was ad- 
vanced by Obadiah Brown, David Whipple, John Dexter and Paul Tew, in 
building a bridge over Pawtucket Piiver, and for completing said bridge. 
(August.) 

An Act to prevent detaining fines from the proper offices to which they belong. 
(August.) 

An Act for regulating appeals from judgments obtained upon notes of hand, in any 
of the inferior courts in this colony. (October.) 

An Act to empower the town councils of the respective towns in the colony to ex- 
change highways. (October.) 

An Act in addition to an act, entitled " An act directing the method of receiving 
petitions into, and acting thereon, in the General Assembly." (October.) 



)66 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1753. 



Proceedings of the General Jissemhl//, held for the Colon?/ of Bhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the last Tues- 
day in February, 1752-53. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple. Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Whereas, a number of gentlemen and others, inhabitants of 
the county of Kent, have represented unto this Assembly, that 
in consequence of an act made and passed at their session, in 
June, A. D. 1750, whereby E. Greenwich, Warwick, W. Green- 
wich and Coventry were made a distinct county, provided the 
inhabitants of said towns would, by free contribution, erect and 
build a court house in East Greenwich, near the bigness of the 
court house in Providence, fit to hold a court in, by the last 
day of October, then next ensuing ; they have, with others, 
erected and built said house, agreeably to said act, which was 
signified to the General Assembly, at their session in Provi- 
dence, October, A. D. 1750 ; and that said house is unfinished 
within, which renders it uncomfortable in the winter ; in the 
coldest part of which season, one court is held at said court 
house ; and that the inhabitants of said county, though they 
have checrlully contributed towards the building said house, 
find they are not able to complete it, although it is absolutely 
necessar}^ to be done ; and therefore have prayed this Assem- 
bly that a lottery may be granted them, as the easiest method 
to raise money sufficient for finishing said court house ; and 
now, this Assembly, taking the premises into considera- 
tion, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that there 
be a lottery set up. for finishing the court house, in the county 



1753.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 367 

of Kent, aforesaid ; and for erecting a fence around the jail, in 
said East Greenwich. 

A.n Act for naturalizing Stephen Decatur, now residing at New- 
port, in this colony, late a subject of the French king. 
Whereas, the said Stephen Decatur, hath represented unto 
this Assembly, that he has for some time resided in Newport, 
aforesaid ; and sailed from the said place in the employ of 
several merchants • and has also married a wife in said Newport, 
and is willing to become a subject of His Brittanic Majesty ; 
and therefore prayed this Assembly, that an act of naturaliza- 
tion might be passed, rendering him a subject of His said 
Majesty, as fully and amply to all intents and purposes, as if 
he were born so ; on consideration whereof, — 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly, and by the authori- 
ty of the same it is enacted, that the said Stephen Decatur be, 
and he is hereby naturalized, and for ever hereafter shall be 
adjudged and taken to all intents and purposes to be natural- 
ized ; and is rendered and made equal in all respects to a free 
born subject of this colony ; provided, he take the state oath, 
and all other oaths by law required. 
God save the King. 

Petiiiou of the Governor and Company of Rhode Island to the 

liing. 

To the King's Most Excellent Majesty : 

The petition of your loyal subjects, the Governor and Company of the colony o{ 
Rhode Island and Providence I'lantations, in New England, in America. 
Most humbly showeth ; — 

That Your Majesty's royal predecessor, King Charles the First, in the fourth 
year of his reign, granted a charter to the colony of the Massachusetts Bay, in New 
England, and bounded the said colony on the south, by a certain place or point, 
which was three English miles south of the southerly part of a certain fresh river 
there, commonly known by the name of Charles River ; and by a line commencing 
at the said place or point, and running due west, through the continent. 

That King Charles the Second, in the fifteenth year of his reign, granted a char- 
ter to the said colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, and bounded 
them northerly on the south line of the said colony of the Masssachusetts Bay. 

That the country through which the dividing line between the said two colonies 
would pass, not being then inliabited, no attempts appear to have been made by 



368 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1753. 

the colony of Rhode Island, to have the said line settled, until the year 1710, when 
commissioners were appointed by both said colonies for that purpose ; who being 
met, the Massachusetts commissioners informed those of Rhode Island, that the 
place or point, for their south line to commence at, had been rightly found out and 
ascertained lon^ before, by Nathaniel AVoodward and Solomon Saffery, skillful ar- 
tists, by them appointed for that end, in the year 16'12 ; and showed a plat or map, 
of their doings (as they pretended), in which Charles River was deciphered, and a 
mark made for a stake standing three miles due south, from its most southern part • 
and the Rhode Island commissioners being wholly unacquainted in that part of the 
country, and giving credit to the Massachusetts commissioners, were induced, in 
the month of October, in the year 1718, to agree that the stake set up by Na- 
thaniel Woodward and Solomon SafTery, in the year 1642, upon Wrentham Plain^ 
be the station, or commencement to begin the line, which shall divide between the 
two governments. 

That in the year 1719, persons were appointed by both said colonies, called rid- 
ino- commissioners, to run and mark out the said dividing line ; who, instead of be- 
(rinninfT at a place three miles, and no more, from the southern part of Charles 
River, agreeably to the Massachusetts charter and the true intent of the agreemmli 
aforesaid, were shown a place where the Massachusetts commissioners affirmed the 
stake set up by Nathaniel \Voodward and Solomon Saffery, had formerly stood ; 
and the Rhode Island commissioners, not carefully examining into the truth, were 
prevailed upon to begin at the place so shown to them ; and did from thence run 
and mark out a line, which hath, from that time, been the dividing line between 
the said colonics. 

That on the geography of that part of the country being better known, the col- 
ony of Rhode Island, suspecting there was an error in running the line aforesaid, 
caused an accurate survey to be made of all the southern parts of the said Charles 
River, and the distance to be exactly measured between the most southern part 
thereof, and the line aforesaid; and find it on the meridian, seven miles and fifty- 
four poles; by which it appears, that by the wrong running of said line, the colony 
or Province of the Massachusetts Bay, do hold the jurisdiction of a tract of land 
four miles and fifty-four poles in breadth, and about twenty-two miles long, which 
doth of right belong to the colony of Rhode Island. 

That, as the colony of Rhode Island were much imposed upon, and greatly de- 
ceived, and injured by their neighbors, of the Massachusetts, in running and mark- 
in"- out the line, afore.'^aid, in manner, as aforesaid ; they humbly hope they shall 
not be holden to and concluded thereby. 

And therefore most humbly praj', that Your Majesty would be graciously pleased 
to order, that the south line of the colony or Province of the Massachusetts Bay, 
may be rightly run, and marked out, according to the charter granted them, in 
such manner as in your royal wisdom, you shall think fit. 

And your petitioners, as in duty bound, will ever pray. 

AVTLLIAM GREENE, 
For the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

Nesvport, Rhode Island, March 2, 1752-3. 



1753.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 369 



Proceedings of the General Assemhl?/, held for the Colony of Bhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neioport, the \st day 
of May, 1753. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. John Tillinghast, Mr. Robert Lawton, 

Mr. Jonathan Nichols, Mr. William Richmond, 

Mr. Jabez Bowen, Mr. Daniel Coggeshall, 

Mr. Stephen Brownell, Mr. Jeoffrey Watson. 

The Hon. Thomas Cranston, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyn- 
don, clerk. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Pihode 
Island and Providence Plaiitations, at Netvport, the first Wednes- 
day of May, 1753. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

DEPUTIES. 

Neivport. Providence. 

Mr. Edward Scott, Mr. Jonathan Randall, 

Mr. Thomas Cranston, Mr. Elisha Brown, 

Mr. Peter Bours, Mr. Daniel Jenckes. 

Capt. Job Bennett, Jr. 
Capt. William Mumford, 
Mr. Nicholas Easton. 
VOL. V. 47 



370 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND 



[1753. 



DEPUTIES. 



Portsmouth. 
Mr. William Anthony, Jr., 
Mr. John Allen, 
Mr. Caleb Hill, 
Mr. Gideon Freeborn, Jr. 

WarivicJc. 
Mr. John Peirce, 
Capt. Randall Rice, 
Major John Rhodes, 
Mr. Benjamin Arnold. 

Westerli/. 
Mr. Joshua Babcock, 
Mr. Joshua Clarke. 

New Shoreham. 
Mr. Edmund Sheffield, 
I\lr. John Paine. 

North Kingstoivn. 
Mr. Henry Hall. 

South Kingstovm. 
Mr. Jeoffi-y Haszard, 
Col. Thomas Hazard. 

East Greemmch. 
Mr. Joseph Nichols, 
Mr. John Fry. 

Jamestoum. 
Mr. Joseph Clarke. 
Smithjicld. 
Mr. John Aldrich, 
Mr. Thomas Owens. 

ScilucUe. 
Capt. Job Randall, 
Capt. Thomas Relph. 

Gtoccster. 
Col. Richard Smith, 
Capt. Joseph Windsor. 



Charlesioivn. 
Col. Christopher Charaplin, 
Capt. Joseph Stanton. 

West Greenwich. 
Mr. Jeremiah Ellis, 
Mr. Preserved Hill. 

Coventry. 
Mr. John Greene, 
Capt. John Ulerton. 

Exeter. 
Capt. John Reynolds, 
JNIr. Nicholas Gardner. 

Middletown. 
Capt. John Barker, 
]\Ir. Handley Chipraan. 

Bristol. 
Mr. Joseph Russell, 
Capt. Simon Davis. 

Tiverton. 
Mr. Samuel Durfey, 
Mr. Edward Wanton. 
Little Compton. 
Mr. William Hall, 
Mr. Richard Greenhill. 

^Yarrcn. 
Capt. John Adams, 
Mr. Benjamin Miller. 

Cumberland. 
Mr. Job Bartlett, 
Mr. Jeremiah Whipple. 

Btchmond. 
Capt. Joseph Enos, Jr. 
Mr. Simeon Perrv. 



1753.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 371 

The Hon. Thomas Cranston, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyndon, 
clerk. 

The following officers declared elected, were duly engaged. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. John Tillinghast, Mr. Robert Lawton, 

Mr. Jonathan Nichols, Mr. Jeremiah Lippitt, 

. Mr. Nicholas Cooke, Mr. William Richmond, 

Mr. Jabez Bowen, Mr. Daniel Coggeshall, 

Mr. Stephen Brownell, Mr. JeofFrey Watson. 

SECRETARY. GENERAL TREASURER. 

Mr. Thomas Ward. Mr. Thomas Richardson. 

ATTORNEY GENERAL. 

Mr. Daniel Updike. 
God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the second Mon- 
day of June, 1753. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re 
solved, that the committee appointed to erect a new jail and 
jail house in Providence, be, and they are hereby empowered 



372 KECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1753. 

to draw out of the general treasury the sum of £1,000, to be 
appropriated towards carrying on said building. 
God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhli/, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivpori, the third Holi- 
day of August, 1753. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

It is voted and resolved, that James Sheffield and Daniel 
Jenckes, Esqs., with Mr. William Read, be, and they, or the 
major part of them, are hereby constituted a committee for 
erecting another light house, with stone or brick, at the place 
where that lately burnt down, stood, as soon as they can con- 
veniently ; and that the said committee make use of all the 
bricks at Fort George, or such part of them as they shall think 
proper. 

Whereas, John JNIartin, of Jamestown, was brought before 
this Assembly (when resolved into a grand committee), in con- 
sequence of a warrant issued against him, at the last session of 
this Assembly, for grossly and scandalously abusing them ; 
and it being fully proved that he, the said John Martin, is 
guilty of the crime laid to his charge, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said John Martin shall be 
forthwith committed and closely confined to His Majesty's jail, 
in Newport, without the use of pen, ink and paper ; and that 
no person but the sheriff, shall, without leave of this Assem- 
bly, have liberty to speak to, or confer with him, on any occa- 
sion whatever ; :iiid there to remain till further orders from 
this Assembly ; and the said John Martin was committed ac- 
cordingly. 



1753.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 373 

On the 23d day of August, John Martin, of Jamestown, was 
brought before this Assembly, and made and signed the 
following acknowledgment : 

Acknoivledgment of John Martin. 

" Newport, August 23, 1753. 
I, John Martin, do hereby acknowledge, that I have grossly 
and scandalously slandered and abused this Honorable Assem- 
bly, for which I am heartily and sincerely sorry, and very 
humbly entreat Your Honors' pardon ; and promise for the fu- 
ture, never to be guilty of the like crime. 

JOHN MARTIN." 

On consideration whereof, this Assembly forgive the said 
John Martin, and dismiss him, he paying costs. 
God save the Kino-. 



Proceedings of the General Assemblg held for the Colong of 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kings- 
town, the last Wednesdag in Octoher, 1753. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the committee appointed to build a new jail in the 
county of Providence, draw out of the general treasury the 
sum of £1,000 more than hath been already granted towards 
carrying on said work ; and that said committee sell and dis- 
pose of the old jail house, and lot of land thereunto belonging, 
to the best advantage, and give a good warrantee deed 
thereof 



374 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1753. 

It is voted and resolved, that Jabez Bowen, Daniel Jenckes 
and George Brown, Esqs., together with Mr. Job Bennett, Jr., 
be, and they are hereby constituted a committee, to view the 
new court house and jail, in Kings county, and consider whe- 
ther those persons who became bound to build said court house 
and jail, have performed the condition of their bond ; and that 
thej^ make report on the premises, to this Assembly, as soon as 
conveniently they can. 

The gentlemen that were appointed a committee, to audit 
the accounts of Benjamin Nichols, Esq., presented this Assem- 
bly with the following account and report : 

Report of the Auditing Committee. 

Benjamin Nichols, Esq., treasurer of the grand committee, to tlie colony, Dr. 

£ s. d. 
1753. To the balance of the last account, as j^er report of the com- 
mittee, dated April 22d, 1752 397,622 10 -4 

Benjamin Nichols, Esq., treasurer of the grand committee, to the colony, Cr. 

£ s. d. 
1753. By cash paid to John Tillinghast, Thomas Cranston, James 
Sheffield and Peter Bours, Esqs., a committee, appointed 
by the General Assembly, to receive and burn the same, 20,088 03 9 

" By cash paid to William Collins, of Connecticut, by order of 

Assembly 14 00 

" By cash paid Jeremiah Rose, by order of Assembly 421G0 

" " " " John Whipple, of Glocester, by order of Assem- 
bly 82 00 

" By £3, new tenor, short in ten bonds, given to discharge a 
mortgage deed of Robert Wilcox, of North Kingstown, 
dated June 18th, 1741, is in old tenor 120 00 

" By ten shillings, new tenor, short in ten bonds given to dis- 
charge a mortgage deed of Jeremiah Gardner, of North 
Kingstown, dated June 5th, 1741, is in old tenor 20 00 

" By eleven shillings and three farthings short in ten bonds 
given to dischai-ge a mortgage deed of Stephen Tift, of 
South Kingstown, dated June 1st, 1741, is old tenor ... 22 02 8 

" By twelve hliillings and four pence, new tenor short, in the re- 
turn of South Kingstown's bond, for their proportion of 
the seventh bank, in old tenor 2 09 4 

" By £37 13*'., short in ten bonds, given to discharge a mort- 
gage deed of Thomas Gould, of Charlestown, dated Sep- 
tember 4, 1742; said bonds being given for £12 lis., 
when tlu y .should have beeu for £12 lis., new tenor.. . . 376 10 



1753.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 375 

£ s. d. 
1753. By eight sLillings, new tenor, short in ten bonds, given to 
discharge a mortgage deed of James Gongdon, Jr., of 

Charlestown, dated June 8th, 1741, is in old tenor 16 00 

" By nine shillings, new tenor, short in ten bonds, given to dis- 
charge a mortgage deed of John Titt, of Charlestown, 

dated June 8th, 1741, is in old tenor 18 00 

" By balance iu the hands of Benjamin Nichols, Esq 376,820 08 7 

£397,622 10 4 

" We, the subscribers, being, by the General Assembly, appointed a committee, 
to audit the accounts of Benjamin Nichols, Esq., treasurer of the grand com- 
mittee, and to receive and burn the tenth money in his hands, report : 

That we have examined the accounts of the aforesaid Benjamin Nichols, Esq., a 
statement of which, we herewith present, and whereby it appears, that there is a 
balance in the hands of the said Benjamin Nichols, Esq., of the sum of £376,820 8s. 
Id., in favor of the colony, exclusive of the last bank, which is not charged in this 
account, as the said Nichols informs us that there are a considerable number of 
mortgages and bonds belonging to it, which have not been delivered into his 
office. 

We also report, that we have burnt the money paid us by said Nichols, except 
£792 Is. 1(Z., m the hands of John Tillinghast ; £508 18s. 4c/., in the hands of 
Thomas Cranston ; £267 18s. ScZ., in the hands of James ShefEeld; and £80 4s. 8^., 
in the hands of Peter Bours, all calculated in old tenor ; which being bills of the 
last emission, are deposited with them, to exchange for old bills of credit, to burn, 
and for which they have lodged their receipts, with the said Benjamin Nichols, 
Esq. JOHN TILLINGHAST, PETER BOUHS, 

THOMAS CKANSTON, JAMES SHEFFIELD. 

Newport, October 29th, 1753." 

And this Assembly, having taken the said report into con- 
sideration, and duly examined it, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
same be, and it is hereby accepted. 

Whereas, Moses Lopez, of Nev^port, in the county of New- 
port, merchant, represented unto this Assembly, that the man- 
ufacturing of potash, in this colony, will be of great advantage 
to the government, provided, it can be done in a right man- 
ner ; that it will prove a good remittance to Great Britain in re- 
turn for such goods as as we have occasion of, from thence, 
and will be the means of lowering the price of silver, gold and 
European goods ; and by sending to our mother country a 
commodity which is very much wanted there, will be serving 
them in a high degree, and thereby procure their favor, with 



370 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1753. 

many other advantages ; that he, the said Moses, by the as- 
sistance of a particular friend, that is not in this country, hath 
made himself master of the true art and mystery of making 
potash, which is known to very few in the kingdom ; that he 
can carry it on to the great advantage of the colony, and at 
the same time make a reasonable profit to himself; and upon 
the whole, prayed this Assembly to grant him a patent for the 
manufacturing of potash in this colony for the term of ten 
years, and prohibit all other persons whatsover from setting up 
and carrying on that trade and business in this colony, except- 
ing such as shall work under him, and by his direction ; and 
also to prohibit the carrying any ashes out of this colony into 
the neighboring governments, on any pretence, whatsoever, upon 
such penalties as this Assembly shall think proper ; one half 
to the informer, and the other half to the treasury of the town 
whore the offence shall be committed. 

And as the said Moses Lopez will have occasion of all the " 
ashes made in the colony more than the inhabitants will be 
obliged to keep for their own use, he shall be willing to pay 
them a reasonable price therefor ; and this Assembly having 
taken the premises into consideration, — 

Do vote, resolve and enact, and it is voted, resolved and enact- 
ed that the prayer of the said Moses be, and the same is here- 
by granted ; provided, he shall carry on the business, aforesaid ; 
and that £5 be the penalty for every bushel of ashes that shall 
].)e transported into the neighboring governments, or any other 
part of the world. 

Whereas, John Cogswell and Owen Sullivant, alias John 
Pierson, are suspected of being concerned in counterfeiting the 
Ijilis of pul)lic credit, of the last emission, made by this colony, 
and each of them hath made his escape out of the government, 
by breaking jail, — 

This Assembly therefore do vote and resolve, and it is here- 
by voted and resolved, that the sum of £400 be allowed and 
paid out of the general treasury, to any person or persons that 
shall apprehend and convey to His Majesty's jail in Newport, 
the said John Cocrswell, and the same sum shall be allowed and 



1754.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 377 

paid out of the general treasury, for apprehending the said 
Owen SuUivant, alias John Pierson, and commit them to His 
Majesty's jail, in Newport. 

Both houses resolved into a grand committee, on the 2d day 
of November, when the Hon, Joseph Whipple, Esq., resigned 
the office of Deputy Governor ; and thereupon, the Hon. Jona- 
than Nichols, Esq., was chosen Deputy Governor, in his room, 
for the remaining part of the year, and engaged accordingly. 

Nicholas Easton, Esq , was chosen and engaged second as- 
sistant, in the room of the Hon. Jonathan Nichols, Esq., ad- 
vanced as above. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Mr. Daniel Smith, be, and he is hereby fully em- 
powered, to grant forth warrants for collecting the rates order- 
ed to be levied in the county of Providence, for erecting a work 
house in said county. 

Whereas, Jabez Bowen, Esq. and Mr. Elisha Brown exhibit- 
ed to this Assembly, an account by them charged against the 
government, for their time and sundry expenses, and dis- 
bursements, in repairing Pawtucket Bridge ; which being duly 
examined, — 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the said account be, and it is hereby allowed ; and 
that £653 Qs. 2d., the balance thereof, be paid the said Jabez 
Bowen and Elisha Brown, out of the general treasury. 

Whereas, Francis Willett, Esq., one of the committee ap- 
pointed to run the line between South Kingstown and Exeter, 
declines serving in that office, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that Thomas Phillips, of 
North Kingstown, Esq., be, and he is hereby appointed in the 
room of Mr. Willett, for the purpose, aforesaid ; and that the 
said committee, or the major part of them, perform said busi- 
ness. 

God save the King. 

VOL. V. 48 



378 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1754. 



[The following Public Laws, passed durfhg the year 1753, are printed at length 
in the volume of Public Laws, published in the year 1767, unless repealed previous 
to that time.] 

An Act for regulating ferries. (February.) 

An Act for establishing a work house in the county of Providence. (February.) 

An Act for the more regular disposing of the fines of delinquent jurors, for their 

non-appearance at the several courts in this colony. (February.) 
An Act for repealing one clause of an act, entitled " An act to prevent unlawful 
gaming," made in the twenty-third year of His present Majesty's reign. (May.) 
An Act for the more easily recovering of small debts ; and for preventing unneces- 
sary charges in law suits in this colony. (June.) 
An Act for the relief of Charles Ninegret, sachem, an infant. (June.) 
An Act for setting up a lottery to raise a sum of money in order to complete the 
court house in the county of Kent, around the prison yard ; and for repairing 
the bridge in Scituate, and that called Hunt's Bridge. (June.) 
An Act empowering overseers of the poor to bind out idle or indigent persons ; as 

also obliging the overseers to serve when chosen to ofSce. (August ) 
An Act for naturalizing Peter Miraill, of Newport. (August) 
An Act for the relief of Joseph Whipple, of Newport. (August.) 
An Acl for reviving the superior court of judicature, in Kings county. (October.) 
An Act for explanation, and in addition to the act for regulating of fences. 

(October.) 
An Act in addition to an act, entitled " An act directing proceedings in actions 
and suits, wherein either the recorder or sheriff are parties." (October.) 



Proceedings of the General AssemUy, held for the Colon?/ of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kingstoum, the 
last Monday of Fehruar>/,'VibL 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Jonathan Nichols, Deputy Governor. 

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns. 

Whereas, Stephen Hopkins and Daniel Jenckes, Esqs., Capt. 
John Cole, together with Messrs. Ephraim Bowen and Nicholas 
Brown, by petition, represented unto this Assembly that a 
number of persons in Providence, with some in neighboring 
towns, being desirous as far as in them lieth, to promote useful 
knowledge, have, for that end, made a voluntary subscription, 



1754.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 379 

and thereby have raised and sent to England, a sum of money- 
sufficient to purchase books to furnish a small library ; but 
though they have with difficulty proceeded thus far, yet find 
themselves unable to raise money for building a proper place to 
keep the books in when they arrive, and as the council chambers 
in the court house, in Providence, is not put to any use except 
when the General Assembly sit there ; and should this Assem- 
bly give the petitioners' leave to put their books therein, yet 
would there be sufficient room for the General Council to sit 
comfortably there, and would be so far from being any incon- 
venience, that on the other hand, it would be a real ornament 
to the house, and afford an agreeable amusement to the mem- 
bers in their leisure hours ; whereupon, the petitioners, in be- 
half of themselves and all others concerned in the affixir, hum- 
bly prayed this Assembly to give them leave, at their own 
proper cost, to erect shelves on the west and north sides of the 
said council chamber for the purpose, aforesaid ; and also, to 
enable the proprietors of the said books to make such acts and 
orders as may be fit and necessary for the proper regulating 
said library ; and that they may be good and valid for those 
ends ; — 

And this Assembly, having taken the matters and things 
aforesaid, into consideration, — 

Do vote, resolve and enact, and it is voted, resolved and en- 
acted, that the prayer of the petitioners be, and the same is 
hereby granted. 

AVhereas, information hath been made to this Assembly, by 
Mr. Gideon Freeborn, one of their members, that Gideon Wan- 
ton, Esq., hath very grossly abused the General Assembly of 
this colony, — 

This Assembly do therefore vote and resolve, and it is voted 
and resolved, that a precept be issued by the secretary to the 
sheriff of the county of Newport, to apprehend the said Gideon 
Wanton, and bring him before the General Assembly, at their 
next session, the first Wednesday of May next, to answer for the 
abuse by him given, as aforesaid, and to do what shall then 
and there be enjoined him. 



380 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1754. 

Whereas, James Rogers, of Newport, shop-keeper, represent- 
ed unto this Assembly, that the making pearlashes within the 
government, will be very advantageous to the colony, upon 
several accounts ; but as it will be attended with considerable 
cost and trouble to the undertakers, and as the General As- 
sembly have lately granted a patent to Mr. Lopez, for the 
sole making of potashes, he prayed that an act may be passed 
enabling him to make pearlashes among us, for the term of 
ten years ; and that no other person presume so to do, under 
such penalties, &c. ; — 

And this Assembly, having taken the premises into consid- 
eration, — 

Do vote and enact, and it is hereby voted and enacted, that 
the said James Rogers shall have, and hereby is granted him 
the sole liberty of making pearlashes within the colony, for 
the space of ten years ; and that no other person or persons 
besides the said James Rogers, presume so to do ; neverthe- 
less, no penalty shall be incurred by any who shall hereafter 
presume to make pearlashes within this government. 

God save the King. 

Secretary Holdernesse io the Governor and Com'pamj of RJiode 

Island. 

Whitehall, 28th June, 1753. 
Gentlemen : — I am to acquaint you, that it is the King's pleasure, that the arms 
and military stores, which were made use of, upon the intended expedition against 
Canada, and which were returned by His Majesty's order, when the troops were 
dismissed that service, and are now lying at Rhode Island, under your care, should 
be forthwith transmitted to Governor Shirley, at Massachusetts Bay, to be ready 
for such services as His Majesty shall hereafter be pleased to direct. 

1 am, gentlemen, your most obedient humble servant, 

HOLDERNESSE. 
To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

Governor Shirley to Governor Greene. 

Boston, January 13, 1754. 
Sir :— Some weeks ago, I had the honor of a letter from the Earl of Holdernesse, 
one of His Majesty's principal secretaries of state, directing me to send a quantity 
of muskets out of those which had been saved out of the late intended expedition 



1754] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



881 



against Canada, to Halifax, in Nova Scotia, for His Majesty's service there ; and 
signifying to me, that he had written to the Governors of New Hampshire, Connec- 
ticut and Rhode Island, directing them to transmit to me what arms and military 
stores had been saved out of their aforesaid expedition, within their respective gov- 
ernments, to be lodged in Castle William, for His Majesty's further orders. 

As I cannot collect the quantity of good, serviceable muskets, which I am direct- 
ed to send to Halifax, within this Province, out of those which were saved out of 
that expedition, I desire Your Ilonor would be pleased to let me know by the first 
post, whether I am to expect any muskets from your government, according to the 
Earl of Holdernesse's orders. 

I am, with great regard, sir. 

Your Honor's most obedient servant, 

W. SHIRLEY. 
To the Hon. Governor Greene. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhli/, held for the Colon?/ of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport, the first Wednes- 
day of May, 1754. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Jonathan Nichols, Deputy Governor. 

The following officers declared elected, were duly engaged. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Mr. John Tillinghast, 
Mr. Nicholas Easton, 
Mr. Nicholas Cooke, 
Mr. Jabez Bowen, 
Mr. Stephen Brownell, 



Mr. Robert Lawton, 
Mr. Jeremiah Lippitt, 
Mr. William Richmond, 
Mr. Daniel Coggeshall, 
Mr. JeofFrey Watson. 



SECRETARY. 

Mr. Thomas Ward. 

ATTORNEY GENERAL. 

Mr. Daniel Updike. 



GENERAL TREASURER. 

Mr. Thomas Richardson. 



382 



RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND 



[1754. 



DEPUTIES. 



Neivport. 
Mr. Edward Scott, 
Mr. Thomas Cranston, 
Mr. Peter Bours, 
Capt. Job Bennett, Jr. 
;Mr. James Sheffield, 
Mr. William Bead. 
Providence. 
Mr. Jonathan Bandall, 
Mr. Daniel Jenckes, 
Mr. Thomas Olney, 
Mr. John Potter, Jr. 
Portsmoidh. 
Mr. William Anthony, Jr., 
Mr. John Allen, 
Mr. Thomas Brownell, 
Mr. Gideon Freeborn, Jr. 

Warwick. 
Mr. Philip Greene, 
Capt. Bandall Bice, 
Major John Bhodes, 
Mr. Benjamin Arnold. 

Wcsterli/. 
Major Joshua Clarke, 
Capt. Benjamin Bandall. 

Neiv ShoreJiam. 
Capt. Bobert Hull, 
]\Ir. Nathaniel Littlefield. 

North Kinrjsioivn. 
Mr. Henry Wail, 
Mr. Beriah Brown. 

South Kingstown. 
Mr. Uenry Gardner, 
Mr. Bowdand Bobinson. 



East G-reemvich. 
Mr. William Spencer, 
Maj. John Arnold. 
Jamestown. 
Mr. Josiah Arnold, Jr. 
Mr. William Martin. 

Smithficld. 
Mr. Thomas Arnold, 
Mr. Jonathan Arnold. 

Scituate. 
Capt. Job Bandall, 
Capt. Amos Hammond. 

Glocester. 
Mr. Bichard Steere, 
Col. Bichard Smith, 
Charlcstoiun. 
Col. Christopher Champlin, 
Mr. Bobert Potter. 

West Greenwich. 
Mr. Joseph Nichols, 
Mr. Preserved Hall. 

Coventry. 
Mr. John Greene, 
Capt. John Ellerton. 

Exeter. 
Capt. John Beynolds, 
Mr. Nicholas Gardner. 

Middletoivn. 
Capt. John Barker, 
Mr. Thomas Gould. 

Bristol. 
Capt. Joseph Bussell, 
Major Thomas Greene. 



1754.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. ' 383 



DEPUTIES. 

Tiverton. Cumberland. 

Mr. Samuel Durfey, Mr. Job Bartlett, 

Mr. Thomas Howland. Mr. Jeremiah Whipple.^ 

Little Compton. ' Hichnond. 

Mr. Nathaniel Searle, Mr. Samuel Tift, 

Mr. Joseph Wood. Mr. William Potter. 

^Yarren. 
Mr. James Brown, 
Capt. Benjamin Barton. 

The lion. Thomas Cranston, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyndon, 
clerk. 

Whereas, the sheriff of the county of Newport, was ordered 
by the General Assembly, at their session in February last, to 
bring Gideon Wanton, Esq., before this Assembly, at their 
present session, to answer for his abuses to said General As- 
sembly, but upon the information of the sheriff, that the said 
Gideon Wanton is absent, so that he cannot attend this 
session, — 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the said Gideon Wanton be continued in the cus- 
tody of said sheriff, and be by him brought before this Assem- 
bly, at their next session, to answer for the aforesaid abuses. 

God save the King. 

Governor DeLancey, of New York, to Governor Greene. 

New York, 22d April, 1754. 

Sir : — In mj opening speech of this session, I declared my apprehension, that 
unless the colonics unite in measures for building forts in the Indian country for 
their security, and the safety of the women and children, when the men are abroad, 
and for sending smiths and other proper persons to reside among them, we shall 
lose the little inlluence we still have over them ; and that though it was reasonable 
the expense should be borne by the colonies in general, yet it might be expected a 
scheme for that purpose should take its rise here. 

I also recommended to the Assembly, that they would enable me to build a fort 



384 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1754. 

or forts on the northern parts of this Province, until I had used my endeavors to 
bring the neighboring governments to join in the expense of erecting as many 
forts as might be necessary to guard them and us from the incursions of the enemy 
in that quarter ; upon which they came to the enclosed resolution ; and is, I doubt 
not, your agreeing in opinion, that the building forts in the Indian country, is an 
essential step towards securing them and their allies in His Majesty's interest, in 
which all the colonies are much concerned ; and that the erecting other forts on the 
northern quarter, towards the French, is a necessary measure for our common securi- 
ty, you will, I am persuaded, use your Assembly to join in this necessary expense. 

We cannot have a more favorable opportunity to concert a scheme for this pur- 
pose, than at the Albany treaty, where I hope to see commissioners from your gov- 
ernment, instructed on these heads. 

I am, sir, your most obedient and humble servant, 

JAMES DE LANCET. 

To His Excellency, William Greene, Governor of Rhode Island. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhly, held for the Colon?/ of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport, the second Hon- 
da// of June, 1754. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Jabez Bowen, Esq., Mr. Thomas Howland and Col. 
Christopher Champlin, he, and they are hereby constituted a 
committee to view the place appointed to build the light-house 
on Beaver Tail, and consider how much land is necessary for 
that purpose ; and in what manner the same should be set off, 
and mak(! report to this Assembly, as soon as conveniently 
may be. 

An Act appointing commissioners on the behalf of this govern- 
ment, to meet the commissioners of the other governments 
in America, on the 14th instant, at Albany, &c. 
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of this colony, and 
])y tlte authority of the same it is enacted, thnt two persons be 
appointed by the General Assembly, and commissioned by His 



1754.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 385 

Honor, the Governor, to meet the commissioners that may be 
appointed by the other governments, aforesaid, to meet at Al- 
bany, on the 14th day of this instant June ; and that they be 
empowered, in said commission, to treat with the other com- 
missioners in the best manner they can, to take such measures 
as will be most effectual to secure and maintain a lasting 
friendship with the Six Nations of Indians. 

And that they be further directed and empowered, in said 
commission, to draw on the general treasurer of this colony, for 
such a sum of money as they shall think may be a sufficient 
sum for this colony, by way of presents to the chiefs of the 
Six Nations, not to exceed £100. 

And that they be further empowered to inquire into what 
forts are built and building within the limits of His Majesty's 
dominions, in America ; by whom their strength and situa- 
tions. 

And that they be further directed in said commission, to let 
the commissioners on behalf of the other governments know, 
that this government is willing and ready to do any thing- 
necessary on their part, so fjir as they are able, to support and 
defend the Six Nations of Indians from any insults offered to 
them by the French, or any of the nations of Indians in that 
part of America. 

And that Edward Scott and Peter Bours, Esqs., be, and they 
are hereby appointed a committee, to draw £600, old tenor, 
out of the general treasury, and deliver the same to the com- 
missioners, in order to defray their expenses at the congress ; 
and in case there should not be £600 in the treasury, then the 
general treasurer is hereby empowered to hire the same on ac- 
count, and in behalf of the colony. 

From the Governor of New York to Governor Greene. 

New York, 19th March, 1754. 
Sir :— By a letter from the lords commissioners for trade and plantations, direct- 
ed to His late Excellency, Sir Danvers Osborn, which came to my hands since his 
death, their lordships observing the present wavering disposition of the Indians, 
think a general interview by commissioners from the several governments, with the 

VOL. V. 49 



386 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1754. 

Six Nations of Indians, at this time, necessary, in order to wipe away any ill im- 
pressions that may have been made on them, by the common enemy.* 

As this measure is of evident utility, and it cannot but have a good effect upon 
the Indians, to know the strength of the British settlements, and to see that they 
are acting in concert. 

I sfiall not need to press you with any arguments to bear your part at this inter- 
view, by sending commissioners, to meet at Albany, on the 14th of June next, the 
time appointed for that purpose ; I hope to have the pleasure of seeing commis- 
sioners from your government at that time. 

I am, sir, your most obedient and most humble servant, 

To the Governor of Rhode Island. JAMES DE LANCEY. 



This Assembly do choose and appoint Stephen Hopkins, 
Esq., first, and His Honor, the Deputy Governor, to be the 
other commissioner, to go to Albany, on the part of this colo- 
ny ; the latter of whom refusing, Capt. Benjamin Wickham was 
chosen in his room ; who also refusing, Martin Howard, Jr., of 
Newport, in the county of Newport, gentleman, was chosen in 
his stead. 

Whereas, a great number of the free inhabitants of Provi- 
dence, represented unto this Assembly, that said town is very 
large, and well peopled, having about six hundred free holders 
therein ; that all their quarter meetings are held in the com- 



* [Sir D'Anvers Osborne, was a brother-in-law of the Earl of Halifax, and suc- 
ceeded Clinton, as Governor of New York. He arrived on the 6th of October, 
1753, and was received in New York, with the usual demonstrations of respect. 

" During the voyage across the Atlantic," says Bancroft, " the agitated mind of 
Osborne, already reeling with private grief, brooded despondingly over the task he 
had assumed. On the 10th of October, he took the oaths of office, at New York ; 
and the people who welcomed him with acclamations, hooted his predecessor. ' I 
expect the like treatment,' said he to Clinton, ' before I leave the government.' On 
the same day, he was startled with an address, from the city council, who declared 
Jhey would not ' brook any infringement of their inestimable liberties, civil and re- 
ligious.' On the next, he communicated to the council his instructions, which 
required the Assembly ' to recede from all encroachments on the [royal] preroga- 
tives, and to consider, without delay, of a proper law for a permanent revenue, 
solid, definite and without limitation,' etc. With a distressed countenance and 
l)laintive voice, he asked if these instructions would be obeyed. All agreed, that 
the Assembly would never comply. He sighed, turned about, reclined against the 
window-frame, and exclaimed, ' Then why am I come here V' 

Being of morbid sensitiveness, honest, and scrupulous of his word, the unhappy 
man spent tlie night in arranging his private affairs, and towards morning, hanged 
himself against the fenc.e in the gard.en."— //is^ U. S., Vol. IV., p. 103.— J. R. B.] 



1754.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 387 

pact part of the town, whither many of them are obliged to 
travel, some eight, nine, and others ten miles ; and that at 
some seasons of the year, travelling is difficult, &c. ; whereupon, 
they prayed said town might be divided in the manner and 
form by them set down and described in their petition ; on 
consideration whereof ; — 

This Assembly do grant the said petition ; and appoint 
Daniel Jenckes and Thomas Arnold, Esqs., and Mr. John Pot- 
ter, Jr., a committee, to draw an act for that purpose. 

The gentlemen appointed to receive the stores, &c., at Fort 
George, of Capt. William Muniford, late commander of said 
fort, and deliver them to James Sheffield, Esq., now captain 
there, presented this Assembly with the following report, 
&c., viz. : 

Report of the Committee appointed to receive the stores from Fort 

George. 

"We, the subscribers, being by the General Assembly, appointed a committee 
to receive of Capt. William Mumfbrd all the stores at Fort George, and to deliver 
them to Capt. James Sheffield, do report : 

We have, (in the presence of Capt. William Mumford) delivered to Capt. James 
Sheffield, as per his receipt, all the stores, agreeably to the list hereto annexed : 

Within the battery, viz. : twenty-four cannon and twenty-four carriages, chiefly 
broken ; eight hundred and sixty-eight cannon shot. 

Within the fort walls, viz. : twelve cannon and twelve carriages; forty-three 
handspikes; one speaking trumpet ; thirteen worms; five spare wheels ; thirty-one 
sponge staffs; one flag; one grind stone; one iron crow; two wheelbarrows; 
eight hundred and forty-three cannon shot ; eight iron pots ; one wood axe ; one 
frying pan ; two pick axes ; seventy-one four shot ; eight ladles ; twenty-eight 
pistols ; seventeen small arms ; twenty-five linch-stoeks ; one old drum ; nine cart- 
ridge boxes ; nine powder horns ; eighteen cartouch boxes ; four half barrels of 
grenade shells; one cask of pistol cartridges; five formers; four cutlasses; a small 
parcel of pistol ball ; one perspective glass. 

In the state room, eleven chairs and one table. 

Outside of the fort, one triangle gin ; one rowing boat, at the wharf. 

JOHN TILLINGHAST, 

Newport, dated Juno 10, 1754." THOMAS CRANSTON. 

[A committee was afterwards appointed annually, to receive and transfer the 
stores at Fort George ; this receipt is printed to show the extent of the arms and 
stores at the fort. Similar reports appear yearly, on the records,— J. R. B.j 



388 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1754. 

" ForfGeorge, in Newport : received of the abovesaid committee, into my care, 
all the stores, agreeably to the above list. 

Witness my band, this 10th day of June, A. D. 1754. 

JAMES SHEFFIELD." 



To which report, the committee add the following account, 
to wit : 

" Colony of Rhode Island, Dr. 

1 754, June 10. To our time, &c £6 00 

JOHN TILLINGHAST, 
THOMAS CRANSTON." 

And now, this Assembly, having taken the premises into 
consideration, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
ioregoing report be, and the same is hereby accepted ; and 
that £6, the amount of the committee's account, be allowed, 
and paid them, out of the general treasury. 

An Act for dividing the town of Providence, and incorporating 
the southern part thereof, into a township, to be distinguish- 
ed and known by the name of Cranston. 
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of this colony, and 
by the authority of the same it is enacted, that all the lands in 
the town of Providence, lying to the southward of a line be- 
ginning at the head of the cove, called and known by the 
name of Hawkins's Cove ; from thence, a straight line, to the 
bent of Pochasset Ptiver, a little to the northward of Charles 
Dyer's ; and so to continue up said river, until it comes to the 
to the road that leads from the town of Providence to Plain- 
field ; and thence, westerly, up said road, until it comes to the 
Seven Mile line, that is the dividing line between the town of 
Providence and Scituate ; then southerly, with said Seven 
Mile line, until it comes to the south-west corner of the town- 
ship of Providence, where Piovidence and Scituate join in 
Warwick's north lino ; thence easterh-^, on the dividing line 
Itctween Providence and Warwick, until it meets the salt 
water or river, that leads up to Providence town ; then, bound- 



1754.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 389 

ing on the salt water or river, as the same extends itself up 
stream, towards Providence town, until it comes to the afore 
mentioned hound, at Hawkins's Cove. 

And it is further enacted, that all the lands to the north- 
ward of the afore mentioned line, from Hawkins's Cove, to the 
bent at Charles Dyers's, and so up the river, to where Plain- 
field road crosses said river ; and all the lands to the northward 
of said Plainfield road, until it meet the aforesaid Seven Mile 
line, and shall be, and remain to the town of Providence -, and 
all the lands to the southward of the last mentioned lines, to be 
distinguished and known by the name of Cranston ; and that 
the inhabitants of said Cranston, from time to time, have and 
enjoy the like benefits, liberties, privileges and immunities, 
with other towns in this colony, according to charter. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the justices of the peace living within the aforesaid town of 
Cranston, shall remain and continue in their aforesaid offices 
until the next general election ; and that the first of the said 
justices of the peace, grant forth his warrant to call the inhab- 
itants of said Cranston together, on Tuesday, the 25th day of 
this instant June, at some convenient place in said town of 
Cranston, to elect and appoint such town officers as they shall 
have occasion for, and the law directs ; and to appoint the times 
and places of their town meeting, and to choose and elect two 
deputies to represent them at the October session, and so on, 
as by the charter is directed. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
said town of Cranston shall send two grand and two petit ju- 
rors to every superior court of judicature, court of assize and 
general jail delivery ; and two grand and two petit jurors to 
every inferior court of common pleas, and general sessions of 
the peace, held within the county of Providence. 

And it is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
from henceforward, the town of Providence shall keep in repair 
the one half of the aforementioned highway or road, called 
Plainfield Road, from the place where the aforesaid Pochasset 
crosses the same, as aforesaid, until it comes to the aforemen- 



390 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1754. 

tioncLrdividing line of Scitiiate and Providence ; and that tlie 
town of Cranston keep in repair the other half ; and that the 
town of Providence begin at the aforementioned river where it 
crosses said road ; and so measure one half of the distance from 
said river, up said road, which half, Providence shall keep and 
maintain in repair ; and the western half, the town of Cranston 
shall keep and maintain in repair, for the future. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the debts which are now due from the town of Providence 
(such as town debts), shall be first paid out of the interest 
money arising from the interest of the loan money taken by 
the inhabitants of the town of Providence, out of the several 
banks ; and that after the aforesaid town debts are paid, that 
tlicn the interest of the aforesaid loan money, shall go to the 
respective town w'hcre the lands are mortgaged ; but in case 
there be not interest money enough to discharge the now debts 
of the town of Providence, that then the inhabitants of the town 
of Cranston shall raise and pay their equal lot, by levying a 
rate on the inhabitants of said town of Cranston ; and that the 
debts which are now due from the town of Providence, shall 
be settled and paid in proportion as the last town rate was 
levied on the iidiabitants. 

And bo it further enacted, that the poor persons who are 
now a town charge to the town of Providence, shall be equally 
divided between the towns of Providence and Cranston, ac- 
cording to the levy of the aforesaid rate. 

And that Daniel Jenckes, Jonathan Randall and Philip 
( ireene, Esqs., or the major part of them, be a committee to 
draw the aforesaid line, from Hawkins's Cove to the bent of 
l*ochasset Paver, aforesaid ; and also to settle and adjust the 
debts now due from the town of Providence, and order what 
part of Crauj^ton shall pay of the same, and what part of the 
jioor persons of the towns of Providence and Cranston shall 
take, as tlieir part; and the report of said committee, or any 
two of them, to be final, when made to this General As- 
sfMn])ly. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 



1754.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 391 

solved, that William Burton, Esq., shall be deemed, and taken 
to be, and act as the first justice in Cranston. 

Whereas, Gideon Wanton, Esq., on the 14th day of this in- 
stant June, was brought before this Assembly, in consequence 
of a warrant issued against him, upon the information and com- 
plaint of Mr. Gideon Freeborne, one of the members of this 
Assembly, who, upon his engagement, declared, that said 
Gideon Wanton had very grossly abused the General Assem- 
bly of this colony ; — 

Whereupon, this Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is 
voted and resolved, that the said Gideon Wanton recognize 
himself to the King's Majestj^, in the sum of £3,000, for his 
personal appearance at the next superior court of judicature, 
court of assize and general jail delivery, to be held at Newport, 
within and for the county of Newport, on the last Tuesday of 
August next, to answer unto such things as shall then and 
there be objected against him, respecting the premises ; and 
to do and abide what shall be enjoined him by said court ; and 
to be of good behaviour in the mean time ; and that he remain 
in custody till he recognize as aforesaid. 

The gentlemen that were appointed a committee to view the 
place designed to build a light-house upon Beaver Tail, pre- 
sented this Assembly with the following report, viz. : 

Report of Committee on Light House, at Beaver Tail. 

"Newport, June 12, 1754. 
We, the subscribers, being appointed a committee by the 
General Assembly, to view and make return to this Assembly, 
what quantity of land is necessary for the government to pur- 
chase, adjoining to the light house, on Beaver Tail, which is 
ordered by the government to be built, do adjudge that two 
acres will be necessary ; that is, to begin at the Point, and to 
extend so far northward, as to make up said two acres, includ- 
ing all the land, beach and upland, across said Neck, from 
high water mark ; and do also give it as our opinion, that 
there ought to be a way left on tlie east side of said land, to 



392 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1754 

extend from the north part of said land, down to the Point, 
between where the light house is intended to be built, and 
the dwelling house, for all people to pass and re-pass ; as wit- 
ness our hands, the day and year above written. 
JABEZ BOWEN, 
CHRISTOPHER CHAMPLIN, 
THOMAS HOWL AND, 

Committee." 

And now, this Assembly, having taken the said report into 
consideration, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
same Ije, and is hereby accepted ; and that Messrs. James 
Sheffield and William Read, be, and they are hereby appointed 
and fully empowered, on behalf of the colony, to agree for the 
above mentioned land, with the owners thereof, and make re- 
port to this Assembly, at their next session. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the judges of the several courts in this colony, in 
making up judgments where the paper currency of this colony 
is sued for, shall make no allowance for depreciation. 

God save the Kinjr. 



Proccf dings of the General Asscmhli/, Jiddfor the Colon?/ of Rhode 
Idand and Providence Planiaiions, at Ncwjjori, the third Mon- 
datj of Aufjust, 1754. 

The Hon. "William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. Julni Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the sum of £'25,000 be raised, by a tax, to be 
forthwith assessed and levied on the estates and polls of the 
inliabilaiits of this colony ; ;ind that the same be applied to 



1754.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 393 

sink the colony's outstanding bills of public credit, and to sup- 
ply the treasury ; and that a committee of both houses be ap- 
pointed to prepare a bill, and proportion the same. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the sum of £5,000 be raised by a tax, to be forth- 
with assessed and levied on the estates and polls of the inhab- 
itants of this colony ; and that the same be applied to the re- 
pair of Fort George. 

Whereas, the duties laid on shipping have been found insuf- 
ficient to defray the charge of lights, at Beaver Tail, since the 
light house was burnt there ; — 

This Assembly therefore, do vote and resolve, and it is voted 
and resolved, that six pence per ton be added to every ton of 
the shipping which pays by the ton ; and that five shillings be 
added to the ten shillings which every coaster is by law now 
obliged to pay ; and that the additions of the duties hereby 
made, continue and remain until the 1st day of March next. 

Whereas, the commissioners, that on the part of this colony 
attended the late congress at Albany, in the Province of New 
York, presented the following report, — 

Report of the Rhode Island Commissioners at ATbamj. 

" To the Honorable the General Assembly of His Majesty's colony of Rhode Is- 
land, now sitting : 

We, the subscribers, being, by a vote of said Assembly, at their session in June 
last, appointed commissioners, to represent this colony, at the then approaching 
congress, at Albany, did, in consequence thereof, receive from His Honor, the 
Governor, our commission, with the act of Assembly, relative thereto, and did ac- 
cordingly set out immediately for Albany, where we arrived in good season. 

The friendship and alliance with the Six Nations of Indians, being renewed and 
confirmed, by a treaty, in which this and all the colonies on the continent, 
united, we, by virtue of the act aforesaid, made a present to the said Indians, of 
some necessaries, amounting to £40, York currency ; which, considering the lib- 
erality of His Majesty and the other colonies, in that respect, we judged sufficient, 
and for which we drew a set of bills of exchange on the general treasurer, direct- 
ing the payment to Col. John Henry Lydius, of Albany, the gentleman who sup- 
plied us with that sum. 

We herewith present a copy of the proceedings at the said congress,* in which 

* The journal of the convention is preserved among the documents in the secretary's 
office.— J. R. B. 

VOL. V. 50 



39-i EECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1754. 

is contained a representation of the state of the English coloEies on this continent, 
chiefly with relation to the French and Indians, drawn up and approved by the 
board of commissioners at said congress ; and also, a plan of a proposed union of 
all the said colonies, which, from the facts set forth in the said representation, was 
judged absolutely necessary to be speedily effected , it was therefore a resolution 
of said board that the respective commissioners should lay the same before the Gen- 
eral Assemblies of the colonies they severally represented, which for our parts, we 
accordingly now do, and submit the same, with this our report, to the consideration 
of this Honorable Assembly. STEPHEN HOPKINS, 

MARTIN HOWAFtD, JR. 
Newport, August 20th, 1 754." 

And now this Assembly, having taken the premises into 
consideration, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
foregoing report be, and the same is hereby accepted ; this 
Assembly nevertheless, reserving to themselves a farther con- 
sideration, whether they will accede to the general plan pro- 
posed. 

Whereas, Messrs. Daniel Jenckes and Thomas Ilowland, 
represented unto this Assembly, that they, with sundry other 
merchants, were concerned in two vessels, that were taken by 
a Spanish privateer, after the cessation of arms between 
our sovereign and the king of SjDain, and carried into the 
island of Hispaniola, and from thence to St. Jago de Cuba ; 
and that they had been at considerable expense in sending 
Col. William Hopkins, to inquire after the same, but have not 
hitherto been able to obtain a satisfactory account from that 
gentleman ; whereupon, they prayed, that an act may be 
passed, empowering His Honor, the Governor, to grant a com- 
mission for a vessel to be fitted out at their own proper cost and 
charge, and sent to Leogan, on the said island of Hispaniola, and 
from thence, to the aforesaid port of St. Jago de Cuba, in order 
to recover their own, Avith the interest of the other parties 
concerned ; — 

And now this Assembly, having duly inquired into, and 
maturely considered the subject matters of this petition, afore- 
said, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
prayer thereof, be, and the same is hereby granted ; and His 



1754.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 395 

Honor, the Governor, is desired to make and issue a commis- 
sion accordingly. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the general treasurer be, and he is hereby directed 
and fully empowered to hire upon the colony's account, the 
sum of £4,000, for defraying the charge of building the light 
house. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Daniel Updike, James Honeyman, Esqs., and Mr. 
Augustus Johnston, or the major part of them, have, and take 
the bill for the relief of insolvent debtors, now lying before this 
Assembly, and make such amendments and alterations as they 
shall think fit ; that then the same be put in print, and a copy 
sentto each town clerk in the colony, for the perusal of all per- 
sons that shall incline to it ; and one copy also to each of the 
members of this Assembly ; and that the whole be done, per- 
formed and effected at the charge of the colony. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the assessors or rate-makers of each town in the 
colony, take an account of the ratable estates in their respec- 
tive towns, and make return according to law, unto the Gen- 
eral Assembly, at their next session ; and that a copy of this 
vote be sent by the secretary, immediately to each town clerk 
in the colony, to be by him delivered to the assessors or rate- 
makers of his town ; and that every assessor or rate-maker 
who shall refuse or neglect to do his duty, shall be subject to 
the same fines and penalties as are mentioned in an act by 
the General Assembly, made and passed at their session, held 
in Newport, on the second Tuesday of June, 1747, entitled, 
" An act directing how the value of ratable estates in this 
colony shall be known, and each town's proportion thereof." 

Whereas, Jonathan Nichols, of Newport, in the colony, afore- 
said, Esq., represented unto this Assembly, that having some 
years ago, negotiated at said Newport, with one Lawrence 
Cholette, of Cape Francois, in the island of Hispaniola, mer- 
chant, he trusted him to the amount of £12,000 or £13,000, 
old tenor, after which the said Cholette, in a very unjust man- 



396 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1754. 

uer absconded, and never satisfied or paid the money due, and 
is gone to Cape Francois, aforesaid, the usual place of his resi- 
dence, whither the said Jonathan is about to send a suitable 
person and vessel, in order to prosecute his demands against 
the said Lawrence Cholette, which may be attended with diffi- 
culty, unless some protection be granted by the colony ; and 
thereupon prayed that a commission may be granted to such 
person as he shall employ for prosecuting the said Lawrence 
Cholette, and recovering his just right ; and this Assembly 
havino- duly weighed the subject matter of the petition afore- 
said, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
prayer thereof be, and the same is hereby accepted. 

God save the King. 

T. RoUnson to Governor Shirley. 

Whitehall, 21st June, 1754. 

Sir: — Having received your despatches of the 19th of April and 1st of May last, 
with their several enclosures, and having laid the same before the King, I am to 
acquaint you, that His Majesty extremely approves the resolution which has been 
taken by the Assembly of your Province, in consecjueace of the proposal recom- 
mended by you, to use their best endeavors to drive the French from the river 
Kennebec. 

And I am at the same time to inform you, that His Majesty is graciously pleased 
to authorize and direct you to proceed upon the plan, and to pursue the measures 
which appear, by your speeches to the Assembly, and their answer thereto, to have 
been so well calculated for that purpose. 

I am likewise to assure you, as a mark of His Majesty's particular attention to 
the welfare of his loyal subjects in New England, that every thing recommended 
by the said Assembly, will be fully considered ; and that immediate directions will 
be given for promoting the plan of a general concert between Plis Majesty's colo- 
nies, in order to prevent or remove any encroachments upon the dominions of 
the crown of Great Britain. 

It is with the greatest pleasure, that I take this early opportunity of giving you 
the satisfaction to know the very llivorable manner ia which the account of your 
]irudent and vigorous conduct, as well of the zeal and activity of those under your 
government, have been received by the King, which cannot fail to excite and en- 
courage them in taking such further steps as will most cO'ectually provide for their 
own security, and will give a proper example to His Majesty's neighboring colonies- 

I am, &c., T. ROBINSON. 

To (juverniir Shirley. 



1754.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 397 



Secretary Holdermsse to the Governor and Company of Rhode 

Island. 

Whitehall, 28th August, 1753. 

Gentlemen : — His Majesty having received information of the march of a consid- 
erable number of Indians, not in alliance with the King, supported by some regular 
European troops, intending, as it is apprehended, to commit some hostilities on 
parts of His Majesty's dominions, in America. 

I have the King's commands to send you this intelligence, and to direct you to 
use your utmost diligence, to learn how far the same may be well grounded, and to 
put you upon your guard, that you may, at all events, be in a condition to resist 
any hostile attempts that may be made upon any parts of His Majesty's dominions 
within your government; and to direct you, in the King's name, that in case the 
subjects of any foreign prince, or state, should presume to make any encroachment 
on the limits of His Majesty's dominions, or to erect forts on His Majesty's lards, or 
commit any other act of hostilities you are immediately to represent the injustice of 
such proceeding, and to require them, forthwith, to desist from any such unlawful 
undertaking. 

But if, notwithstanding your requisition, they should still persist, you are then to 
draw forth the armed force of the Province, and to use your best endeavors to repel 
force by force. 

But, as it is His Majesty's determination not to be the aggressor, I have the 
King's commands most strictly to enjoin you not to make use of the armed force 
under your direction, excepting within the undoubted limits of His Majesty's do- 
minions. 

And whereas, it may be greatly conducive to His Majesty's service, that all his 
provinces in America, should be aiding and assisting each other, in case of any 
invasion, I have it particularly in charge from His Majesty, to acquaint you. that it 
is his royal will and pleasure, that you should keep up an exact correspondence with 
all His Majesty's governors in (he continent ; and, in case you shall be informed 
by any of them, of any hostile attempts, you are immediately to assemble the Gen- 
eral Assembly within your government, and lay before them the necessity of a mu- 
tual assistance, and engage them to grant such supplies as the exigency of affairs 
may require. 

I have written by this conveyance to all His Majesty's governors, to the same 
purpose. 

I am, gentlemen, yonr most obedient humble servant, 

HOLDERNESSE. 

To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

T. Robinson to the Governor and Gompawj of Rhode Island. 

Whitehall, 5th July, 1751. 
Gentlemen : — Although you have neglected to give any answer to the Earl of 
Holdcrnesse's letter, of the 28th of August last, yet as I cannot doubt your receipt 
bf that letter, wherein the King's orders were signified to you, not only to act vig- 



398 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1754. 

orously in defence of your government, but to be likewise aiding and assisting His 
Majesty's other colonies in America, to repel any hostile attempts made against 
them. 

I am now, by the King's express command, to enforce to you, the said directions, 
in the strongest manner ; and to acquaint you, that His Majesty expects your imme- 
diate observance of them. 

You will see, by the enclosed copy of my letter to Governor Shirley, in what 
manner His Majesty's subjects have behaved at Massachusetts Bay, and that their 
conduct has been entirely approved by the King. 

I am, gentlemen, 

Your most obedient humble servant, 

T. ROBINSON. 
To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhl// held for the Colon// of 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations^ at Providence, the 
last Wednesda?/ in October, 1754. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

An Act for assessing and levying a tax of £35,000. 

Whereas, this colony is indebted in a large sum of money, 
emitted by acts of Assembly, in bills of public credit, for sup- 
plying the treasury ; and the time for calling in said bills be- 
ing near expiring ; and whereas, Fort George is in a bad condi- 
tion, and wants some necessary repairs ; for the accomplishing 
of which good ends in part, the last Assembly voted a tax of 
£25,000 to be assessed, levied and applied towards sinking 
tlic colony's outstanding bills of public credit ; and a tax of 
£5,000, to be applied to repair Fort George ; but as the said 
Assembly did not apportion the said taxes on the several 
towns of the colony, and as the sum voted for repairing the fort, 
is not suflicicnt for that purpose, — 

Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, and by 
llic authority thereof it is enacted, that there be £35,000, old 
l(Mior, raised by a tax, to be forthwith assessed and levied, 



1754.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 399 

agreeably to law, on the estates and polls of the inhabitants of 
this colony, in the following proportion, viz. : on — 



£ s. 

Newport 7,000 00 

Portsmouth 1,750 00 

New Shoreham 700 00 

Jamestown 9] 1 15 

Middletown 1,043 00 

Tiverton 1,023 15 

Little Compton 980 00 



£13,408 10 



£ s. 

Providence 2,450 00 

Smithfield 1,925 00 

Scituate 766 10 

Glocester 715 15 

Cumberland .514 10 

Cranston 1,400 00 



£7,771 15 



Westerly 1,820 00 

North Kingstown. .1,977 10 
South Kingstown. .3,045 00 

Charlestown 525 00 

Exeter 787 10 

Richmond 451 10 



£8,606 10 



Bristol 913 10 

Warren 805 00 



£1,718 10 



Warwick 1,606 10 

East Greenwich.. . .1,050 00 

West Greenwich 484 15 

Coventry 353 10 



£3,494 15 
8,606 10 
7,771 15 

13,408 10 



£35,000 00 

And that £] 0,000 thereof, be appropriated towards repair- 
ing of Fort Fort George, and the remainder be applied to sink- 
ing the colony's outstanding bills of credit, made to supply the 
treasury. 

And be it further enacted, that the assessors or rate-makers, 
upon their assessing or apportioning the aforesaid tax, return 



400 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1754. 

a true bill or list thereof, to the town clerk of the town to 
which they respectively belong, within fifty days after the ris- 
ing of this Assembly ; and the town clerk shall send a copy 
thereof to the general treasurer in ten days ; who, upon receipt 
thereof, shall issue forth his warrants in ten days to the sever- 
al collectors of rates, of the respective towns, commanding them 
in His Majesty's name, to collect the several sums to them sev- 
erally committed, in bills of public credit of this colony, within 
six months' time after the rising of this Assembly ; and to pay 
two-seventh parts of said sums to him, or his successor in said 
office, and the remainder to the treasurer of the grand commit- 
tee's office, to be burnt, and discharge part of the colony's 
debt. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
each respective town shall pay all the charges and fees that 
shall arise in assessing and collecting their respective part of 
the aforesaid tax. 

And be it further enacted, that the secretary send a 
copy of this act in print, to each town clerk in this colony, 
within twenty days after the rising of this Assembly, to be by 
them immediately delivered to the assessors of each respective 
town. 

" We, the subscribers, dissent from the above proportion of the 
above"* rate, by reason that the town of Portsmouth is over- 
proportioned, with the towns of Middletown and Tiverton, 
WM. ANTHONY, JK, THOS. BROWNELL, 

WM. EARL, JOHN ALLEN." 

"I, the subscriber, do dissent from the above proportion 
of tlie above rate, by reason of the town of South Kingstown is 
over-proportioned in proportion to the other towns in the coun- 
ty of Kings county ; as I am knowing to the value of the es- 
tates in the other towns in the county. 

ROWLAND ROBINSON' 



1754.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 401 

"We, the subscribers, dissent from this proportion to the 
town of Jamestown, it being too high. Number of acres four 
thousand eight hundred, in said town. 

JOSIAH ARNOLD, JR., 
WM. MARTIN." 

Whereas, the inhabitants of the compact part of the town of 
Providence, represented unto this Assembly, that they con- 
ceive that there is a great necessity to have a water engine of 
a large size, purchased, to extinguish fires, that may casually 
break out in said town ; and that the best way to obtain one, 
will be by laying a tax on the houses, goods and other things, 
to be destroyed by fire ; on consideration whereof, — 

Be it enacted by this Assembly, and by the authority of the 
same it is enacted, that Obadiah Brown and James Angel, 
Esqs., be, and they are hereby empowered to rate the housing 
and all other things within the compact part of the said town 
of Providence, which are liable to be destroyed by fire, a sum 
of money sufficient to purchase an engine as is above describ- 
ed ; and that the said rate be levied so soon as may be, and 
the money thereby raised, immediately put into the hands of 
the said Obadiah Brown and James Angel, for the speedy pur- 
chasing said engine. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
every house keeper, within the space of three months, be pro- 
vided with two good leathern buckets, under the penalty of 
forfeiting the sum of £20 ; one half to the informer, and the 
other half, to and for the use of the poor of the said town of 
Providence. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the money so raised, be, by said Brown and Angel, subject to, 
and put under the direction of the major part of the voters 
among the inhabitants of the compact part of the said town of 
Providence, and appropriated to purchase said engine, in and 
after such manner as they shall think fit. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that James Sheffield, Esq., and Mr. William Read, be, 

VOL, V. 51 



402 OF RECORDS THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1754. 

and they are hereby constituted a committee, to repair Fort 
Geoige, and purchase the materials therefor. 

The gentlemen that were appointed to audit the accounts of 
the committee for building the new jail-house and jail, in 
Providence, presented this Assembly with the following re- 
port, to M-it : 

Report of the Committee on the Providence Jail, &c. 

" We, the subscribers, being a committee to audit the com- 
mittee's accounts, who were appointed to build the new jail in 
Providence, do report as followeth : 

£ s. d. 
There is due to Stephen Hopkins, Esq., for the 
bills charged against him, for the work done 

about said jail, and stuff, &c 916 2 4 

To the balance due to Mr. Elisha Brown, on set- 
tlement of his account 451 5 4 



£1,367 7 8 
All which, is humbly submitted by your humble servants, 

JABEZ BOWEN, 
DANIEL JENCKES, 
NICHOLAS BROWN. 
Providence, November 3d, 1754." 

. And now, this Assembly, having taken the premises into 
consideration, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
said report be, and the same is hereby accepted. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Josiah Arnold, Esq., be requested to attend this 
Assembly, at their next session, to render a reason, if any he 
hath, why two acres of land, adjoining to the light house, on 
Beaver Tail, is not set off for the use of the colony ; and that 
the secretary send a copy of this vote unto him. 

God save the Kino;. 



1754.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 403 



[The following Public Laws, passed during the year 1754, are printed at 
length in the volume of public laws, published in the year 1767, unless repealed 
previous to that time.] 

An Act for naturalizing Ami Decotay, of Newport, merchant, late a subject of the 
Kepublic of Genoa. (February.) 

An Act for naturalizing Jacob Lund, of Newport, a native of Norway. 
(February.) 

An Act in addition to an act entitled " An act against adultery, polygamy and un- 
lawfully marrying persons, and for the relief of such persons as are injured by the 
breaking of marriage contracts." (June.) 

An Act empowering the sheriSs to sell and give deeds of land mortgaged and for- 
feited to the colony. (June.) 

An additional Act for preventing the counterfeiting ©f bills of public credit 
emitted, or that shall be hereafter emitted by any of the governments in New 
England, and to prevent defacing the same. (June.) 

An Act to incorporate the Fellowship Club, in Newport. (June.) 

Governor Sharpe of Maryland, to Governor Greene. 

Annapolis, Maryland, November 8th, 1754. 

Sir : — I take the liberty to acquaint you that His Majesty, hoping his good and 
loyal American subjects will unanimously exert themselves to repel the encroach- 
ments that the French are and have been making on his dominions, in this part of 
the continent, has been pleased to honor me with a commission to command all the 
forces that the several colonies may raise for that purpose, and to entreat you to 
endeavor to procure us such supplies either of men or money, from the Assembly 
of your Province as the exigency of affairs does at this time demand. 

There is no occasion, I persuade myself, for me to insist on, or even hint at the 
fatal consequences that must attend our conniving at the encroachments that the 
French have lately made on His Majesty's American dominions, or suflTering them 
to remain masters of the forts which they have built on the frontiers of these prov- 
inces ; of this, you are extremely sensible, and I will not doubt but your Assembly, 
when they meet, will show a just regard to your recommendation of the service to 
their consideration ; indeed, without assistance from the several governments on 
t the continent, I despair of answering in the least, His Majesty's expectations 
and royal intention in honoring me with* such a commission, and cannot think of 
entering on action without such succors as His Majesty, by one of his principal sec- 
retaries of state, gives me room to expect from his good subjects in that, as well 
as those provinces. 

Should the gentlemen of your Assembly show a disposition to contribute towards 
the support of the common cause, and encouragement of His Majesty's service, you 
will be pleased to signify to me in what manner you judge they will be most in- 
clined to send us assistance, whether by money or troops. 

I must beg the favor of you to inform me as soon as possible, what I must expect. 



404 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1755. 

because the vast progress that the enemy made last summer, makes it absolutely 
necessary for us to act offensively * * * very 

early in the spring. 

I am, sir, your most obedient humble servant, 

HOR'O SHARPE. 
To the Governor of Rhode Island. 



Proceedings of the General Assembli/, held for the Colomj of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the 1st day 
of January, 1755. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Jeremiah Lippitt, William Richmond, Daniel 
Coggeshall, Jeoflrey Watson, Joshua Babcock, Job Randall, 
Daniel Jenckes and Immanuel Northup, Esqs., be, and they are 
hereby constituted a committee to draw up a scheme for rais- 
ing a fund of such a body of troops as will effectually answer 
the King's just expectations from this government, signified in 
the letter sent hither by the Right Honorable Sir Thomas 
Robinson, one of Ilis Majesty's principal secretaries of 
state. 

This Assembly do vote and enact, and it is voted and enact- 
ed, that a fund, not exceeding £4,000, old tenor, be taken up 
on loan, by the general treasurer, at not exceeding ten per 
cent, interest, for the uses hereinafter mentioned ; and that a. 
company of one hundred meif (officers included, and to be ap- 
pointed by this government,) be raised ; and that a commissa- 
ry be appointed to receive said money from the treasurer, to 
lurnish the King's troops on their arrival, with fresh victuals, 
and whatever else can be reasonably expected from this gov- 
ernment, agreeably to His Majesty's pleasure, signified by a 
letter from Sir Thomas Robinson, of the 26th of October last ; 
and that each soldier be paid a bounty of £18, old tenor, on 



1755.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 405 

his enlistment, and be entitled, thenceforward, to the King's 
pay. 

And that a letter be draughted and sent to Governor Shir- 
ley, by His Honor, the Governor, or Deputy Governor, contain- 
ing the substance of the foregoing resolutions of this Assembly ; 
and to acquaint His Excellency, that this government waits 
for the arrival of His Majesty's blank commissions, to be filled 
up by the Governor of this colony, with the officers' names of 
the company above mentioned. 

This Assembly having maturely considered the form of a 
letter to be sent to His Excellency, Governor Shirley, do ap- 
prove thereof 

John Gardner, Dejputy Governor, to Governor Shirley. 

Providence, January 4th, 1755. 

Sir : — Immediately on receipt of tlie Riglit Plonorable Sir Thomas Robinson's 
letter of the 26th of October last, to th« Governor and Company of Rhode Island 
(beyond doubt of the same tenor with what Your Excellency has received). His 
Honor, Governor Greene, summoned the members of both houses, who met 
in General Assembly, according to appointment ; and notwithstanding Mr. Greene 
hath, by a bad state of health, been rendered unable to attend and assist with his 
advice, the Assembly have passed an act to raise a company of one hundred men, 
including officers, and made suitable provision for all other necessaries, according 
to the directions of the above mentioned letter. 

And this Assembly waits only for the arrival of a set of His Majesty's blank com- 
missions, to be filled by His Honor, the Governor, for the officers of the company 
so to be raised. 

I have the pleasure to assure Your Excellency, that the Assembly are animated 
with the laudable zeal of doing every thing in the power of the government to answer 
effectually and comply with His Majesty's instructions, and have therefore adjourn- 
ed to the first Monday of February next. 

This letter comes by an express from him, may it please Your Excellency. 
I am, sir, your most obedient and very humble servant, 

[JOHN GARDNER, Deputy Governor.] 

To Governor Shirley. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the secretary procure the act of Parliament, enti- 
tled " An act to regulate and restrain paper bills of credit in 
His Majesty's colonies or plantations, of Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations. Connecticut, the MassachuseUs Bay 



406 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1755. 

and New Hampshire, in America ; and to prevent the same 
being legal tenders in payment of money ;" to be re-printed in 
this colony, and send one copy thereof to each town clerk in 
the government, for the use of said town. 
God save the King. 

Secrciarij RoUnson to the Governor and Company of Rhode 

Island. 



Whitehall, 25th October, 1754. 
Gentlemen : — His Majesty having been pleased to appoint James Pitcher, Esq., 
to be commissary of the musters of all His Majesty's forces, that are, or shall be 
employed in His Majesty's colonies and provinces in North America, I have His 
Majesty's orders to direct you, or, in your absence, the Lieutenant Governor, or 
such other person that shall have the chief care of your government, to be aiding 
and assisting to the said James Pitcher, Esq., in the execution of this duty. 
1 am, gentlemen, your most obedient humble servant, 

T. ROBINSON. 
To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

Secretary RoUnson to the Governor and Company of Rhode, 

Island. 

Whitehall, October 26, 1754. 
Gentlemen : — Having informed you, in my letter of July 5th, that the King Lad 
under his royal consideration, the state of affairs in North America, I am now to ac- 
quaint you, that, amongst other measures, that are thought proper for the defence 
of His Majesty's just rights and dominions in those parts, the King has not only 
been pleased to order two regiments of foot, consisting of five hundred men 
each, besides commissioned and non-commissioned officers, commanded by Sir 
Peter llalket,* and Col. Dunbar,-j- to repair to Virginia, and to be there augmented 



* Sir Peter Halket, of Pitfernan, Fifesbire, a baronet of Nova Scotia, was a son i 
Sir Peter WcJderburne, of Gosford, who assumed his wife's name. In 1734, he sat in the 
House of Commons, for Dumfcrlinc, and was Lt. Colonel of the 41th, at Sir John Cope's 
defeat, in 17 15. Being released on liis parole, by Charles Edward, he was ordered by Cum- 
liL-rland to rejoin his regiment, and serve against the Jacobites. With great propriety he 
refused sueh dishonorable duty, saying, that " His Royal Highness was m.aster of his com. 
mission, but not of his honor." The King approved of Sir Peter's course, and he retained 
liis ranlc. On the 20th February, 1751, he succeeded to the colonelcy of his regiment. He 
was killed at the head of his regiment, in the battle of Monongahela, on the 9th July, 
17.m; and his bones lay unburied until 1759, when they were discovered by his son and 
decently interred.— Si/ryc/i^'s Erpedition agaliif;t Fort Da Qacsnc,pp. 274, 294. 

t Col. Thomas Dunbau, had been Lt. Colonel of the 18th Roy.al Irish; and on the 29th 
April, 175-.', was promoted to the ooloneley of the 4th regiment of foot. In November, 
1755. he was superceded in the eomnuuid of this regiment, and sent into honorable retir& 



1755.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 407 



to the number of seven hundred each, but likewise to send orders to Gov. Shir- 
ley and Sir Wm. Pepperell, to raise two regiments, whereof they are respectively 
appointed colonels, of one thousand men each ; and also to sign commissions for a 
number of officers to serve in the said two regiments, and who will forthwith repair 
to North America, for that purpose. 

Whereas, there will be wanting a considerable number of men to make up the 
designed complement of the said four regiments, it is His Majesty's pleasure, that 
you should be taking the previous steps towards contributing, as far as you can, to 
have about three thousand men, in readiness to be enlisted. 

And it is His Majesty's intention, that a general officer of rank and capacity to be 
appointed to command in chief all the King's forces in North America ; a deputy quar- 
ter master general and a commissary of the muster, shall set out as soon as conven- 
iently may be, in order to prepare every thing for the arrival of the forces above- 
mentioned, from Europe, and for the raising of the others in America. 

You will receive from that general, and the other officers just mentioned, a full 
and exact account of the arms, clothing and other necessaries, to be sent upon this 
important occasion ; as likewise of the ordnance stores, and of the officers, and at- 
tendants, belonging thereto ; all which, being ordered for this service, are such 
proofs of His Majesty's regard for the security and welfare of his subjects in those 
parts, as cannot fail to excite you to exert yourself and those under your care, to 
take the most vigorous steps to repel your common danger ; and to show that the 
King's orders, which were sent you last year, by the Earl of Holdernesse, and were 
renewed to you in my letter of the 5th of July, have at last roused that emulation 
and spirit, which every man owes, at this time, to His Majesty, the public and 
himself. 

The King will not therefore imagine, that either you, or the rest of his govern- 
ors, will suffer the least neglect or delay, in the performance of the present service, 
now strongly recommended to you, particularly with regard to the following points, 
viz.: 

That you should carefully provide a sufficient quantity of fresh victuals, at the 
expense of your government, to be ready for the use of the troops, at their 
arrival. 

That you should likewise furnish the officers, who may have occasion to go from 
place to place, with all necessaries for travelling by land, in case there are no 
means of going by sea. 

And that you should use your utmost diligence and authority, in procuring an 
exact observance of such orders as shall be issued from time to time, by the com- 
mander in chief, for quartering the troops, impressing carriages and providing all 
necessaries for such forces as shall arrive, or be raised within your government. 

As the articles abovementioned, are of a local and peculiar nature, and arising 
entirely within your government, it is almost needless for me to acquaint you, that 



ment, as lieutenant governor of Gibraltar, in consequence of his injudicious retreat after 
Braddock's defeat. He became major general on the 18th of January, 1758, and a lieuten- 
ant general, on December 18th, 1760, but was never again employed in active ser- 
vice. He died previous to 1778. — Note of Dr. O'Callaghan, in New York Colonial Docif 
merits. Vol. VI. p. 915. 



408 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1755. 

His Majesty will expect that the charge thereof be defrayed by his subjects be- 
longing to the same. 

But with regard to such other articles, which are of a more general concern, it 
is the King's pleasure, that the same should be supplied by a common fund, to be 
established for the benefit of all the colonies collectively, in North America ; for 
which purpose, you will use your utmost endeavors to induce the Assembly of your 
province, to raise forthwith as large a sum as can be afforded, as their contribution 
to this common fund, to be employed provisionally, for the general service of North 
America (particularly for paying the charge of levying the troops), to make up the 
complement of the regiments above mentioned, until such time as a plan of general 
union of His Majesty's northern colonies, for their common defence, can be per- 
fected. 

You will carefully confer, or correspond, as you shall have opportunity, upon 
every thing relative to the present service, with the said General Sir William Pep- 
peroll, and Governor Shirley, or either of them. 

And as it is the King's intention to give all proper encouragement to such per- 
sons, who shall engage to serve upon this occasion, you will acquaint all such per- 
sons, in the King's name, that they will receive arms and clothing from hence ; and 
that they shall be sent back (if desired) to their respective habitations, when the 
service in America is over. 

As the several governors, in all the King's provinces and colonies, m North 
America, will receive, by this conveyance, a letter to the same effect with this, 
which I now send you, they will be prepared at the same time, to obey His Majes- 
ty's command ; and I am to direct you to correspond with all, or either of them, 
occasionally, as you shall find it expedient for the general service. 

I am, gentlemen, your most obedient humble servant, 

T. ROBINSON. 

To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

Sccreianj Eohinson to the Governor and Compamj of Rhode 

, Island. 

"Whitehall, November 4th, 1 754. 
Gontli^mon ; — This letter will be put into your hands, by Sir John St. Clair, 
whom the King has been pleased to appoint deputy quarter master general of his 
forces in North America ; and has ordered him to repair forthwith to Virginia, to 
make the necessary preparations for the reception of the troops. 

It is therefore the King's pleasure, that you shall be aiding and assisting to Sir 
John St. Clair, in the execution of this duty, and shall give him the best advice you 
can, upon all occasions, relating to the King's service ; particularly with regard to 
those points mentioned to you in my letter of the 2Gth [October last] past, whereof 
I have given a copy to Sir John St. Clair, and from whom you will receive a du- 
plicate of the same. 

I am, gentleman, your most obedient humble servant, 

T. ROBINSON. 
To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 



1755.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 409 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the first Mon- 
day in Felniary^ 1755. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the captain of Fort George, enlist, as soon as he 
shall think it necessary, to the number of fifty men, for a com- 
pany, to meet at said fort, as often as the captain shall think 
proper, to practice exercising the cannon ; and to repair to 
said fort on all occasions to defend the same, without any ex- 
pense to the government, and be excused from all other milita- 
ry duties. 

The gentlemen that were appointed to make the draught of 
an answer to His Excellency, Governor Shirley's letter, and to 
take into consideration what further is necessary to be done by 
this Assembly, in respect to raising a number of troops for His 
Majesty's service, made report, which was read and accepted. 

Deputy Governor Gardner to Governor Shirley. 

Providence, February 8th, 1755. 

Sir :— Your Excellency's letter to Governor Greene, came to my hands, and was 
immediately laid before our General Assembly then sitting, who taking it under 
consideration, Lave directed me to assure Your Excellency, — 

That they are determined, with the utmost alacrity to perform every thing His 
Majesty hath been pleased to command, and caused to be signified to them by Sir 
Thomas Robinson, his secretary of state, in his letter to this colony. 

That in order thereto, at their former meeting, they ordered one hundred men 
to be raised, of which, they then gave Your Excellency notice ; and they have now 
done all that can be necessary to render their former resolution effectual, so as to 
have their men ready at any time His Majesty shall direct, and inform them by any 
channel whatsoever his pleasure, concerning their destination. 

That the colony, in obedience to His Majesty's commands, have ordered those 
men to be raised, and every thing else to be done in conformity thereto, as far as 

VOL. V. 52 



410 RECORDS OF TILE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1755. 

tlipy are able to unJerstand them; and as it is only for want of the knowledge ia 
■what manner His Majesty intended the men raised by this colony shall be used, 
the General Assembly's fully acceding at this time, to Your Excellency's offer, con- 
tained in your letter. 

That therefore they have only ordered all things to be in readiness, and only 
wait for such orders or instructions as may justify them in the disposition of the 
men they raise ; and Your Excellency may rest fully assured, that if the men raised 
by this colony are destined by His Majesty to make part of Your Excellency's, Sir 
William Pepperell's or the Irish regiments, and that blank commissions will not be 
sent to the Governor of this colony, to be filled up here, for their oflicers, the Gen- 
eral Assembly will thankfully accept of Your Excellency's offer ; and will have 
their men ready by such time and in such manner, as you shall direct ; esteeming 
it a great favor, that the men by them raised may not only be under Your Excel- 
lency's care and protection as their colonel, but more immediately as their captain, 
also. 

The General Assembly hope for Your Excellency's favorable interpretation of 
their doing herein ; and that nothing may be looked upon as dilatory or evasive in 
them ; and that you will excuse them for waiting His Majesty's directions before 
they give you a direct answer. 

They also return you thanks for your kind offer, and will always think them- 
selves happy in being favored with your friendly influence. 
I am, with great esteem and respect. 

Your Excellency's most obedient and most humble servant, 

JOHN GARDNER, Deputy Governor. 

P. S. The certificates and beating orders are retained for the present. 

Whereupon, Lc it enacted by this Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that a committee of five or more 
suitable persons, be appointed, to be called a committee of war, 
Avith full power and authority during the recess of the General 
Assembly, to give out orders to such officers as may be ap- 
jtointed by the Assembly, for that purpose, to enlist and raise 
the hundred men already ordered, at any time as soon as orders 
are received from the crown, through any channel, for our so 
doing ; and how they are to be destined. 

And 1)0 it further enacted, that for those purposes, the said 
committee of war shall have, and hereby is granted them power 
to draw out of the general treasury from time to time, such 
.sums of money as may be necessary for paying the bounty 
given by the Assembly, to those who shall enlist, and the 
charges of enlisting, billeting and transporting such soldiers, 
and all otlier expenses necessarily attending the afitiir. 

And be it further enacted, that the said committee of war 



1755.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 411 

have power to order and direct in what manner, and what 
place or places the men shall be subsisted when raised, and to 
give orders for transporting and sending away the company 
when raised, to the place, and in such manner as His Majesty 
may direct the same to be done ; and that they have full 
power and authority to act, transact, and do all and every 
thing necessary and expedient to be done for effectually carry- 
ing into execution all such commands as this colony have 
already had, or hereafter may receive from His Majesty ; and 
that they be at all times accountable to the General Assembly 
for their doings. 

And that the General Assembly, before they rise, appoint 
one lieutenant and one ensign for the said company ; and also 
make provision, that the general treasury be sufficiently sup- 
plied with money for all, and every of the purposes, aforesaid. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
thirteen men more be added to the one hundred already or- 
dered. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that John Tillinghast, Nicholas Cook, Stephen Hopkins 
and Daniel Jenckes, Esqs., be, and they, or the major part of 
them, are hereby constituted a committee ta draught a letter 
immediately, to be signed by Plis Honor, the Governor, in an- 
swer to the letter of the Right Honorable Sir Thomas Robin- 
son, sent to this colony ; and that therein a prayer be made to 
His Majesty, for a suitable number of cannon, for Fort George ; 
and that a plan of said fort be sent with the said letter ; and 
the secretary is hereby directed to send to said committee a copy 
of such letters and" other papers, as they shall have occasion 
for ; and that a copy of said letter be laid before the General 
Assembly, at their next session ; and that the same committee, 
or the major part of them, also draught a letter, to be signed 
by His Honor, the Governor, to be sent to the agent, directing 
him to use his best endeavors to obtain said cannon, and lay 
that also before the General Assembly, at their next session. 

God save the Kino;. 



412 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1755. 



Governor Shirley to Governor Greene. 

Boston, February 5th, 1755. 
Sir :— A month ago, I received a letter from the Honorable John Gardner, Esq., 
Deputy Governor of your colony, acquainting me, that the Assembly there " had 
passed an act to raise a company of an hundred men, including officers, and made 
suitable provision for all other necessaries, agreeably to the directions of the Kight 
Honorable Sir Thomas Robinson's letter, of the 2^\h. October last ; and that the 
Assembly only waited for the arrival of blank commissions, to be filled_^by Your 
Honor." 

I had the honor of a letter from Sir Thomas Robinson, of the same tenor and 
date with that above mentioned, as Governor Gardner observes he imagines I had. 
It is a circular one, written to the Governors of the several colonies concerned. 

I acknowledged the receipt of Mr. Gardner's letter, by Mr. Chace, a few days 
after I received it, in one to himself, and am now to answer it more fully to Tour 
Honor. 

The purport of His Majesty's orders, signified to the several Governors, by Sir 
Thomas Robinson's letter, is (among other things) that they should recommend it to 
their respective Assemblies to furnish fresh provisions for the troops that should ar- 
rive in their colonies ; and to raise among them three thousand men, and a sum of 
money towards paying their respective quotas of the levy money. 

Those three thousand men are (as it seems clear to me) intended to complete 
mine, and Sir William Pepperell's regiments, now raising in America, which are to 
consist of one thousand privates each, besides non-commissioned officers, sergeants, 
corporals and drums, which will amount to one hundred more, for each regiment ; 
and that the remaining eight hundred men are to complete the two Irish regi- 
ments, designed for Virginia, from five hundred to seven hundred and fifty 
privates each ; as also to fill up the number of those which may be lost in the 
passage. 

As to the two Irish regiments, they being old corps, were both full officered before 
they left Europe ; and Your Honor must have observed from the public prints, 
that five of the captaincies both in mine and Sir William Pepperell's regiments, 
besides the three field oflicers' companies in each, were filled up by His Majesty, 
soon after the revival of the regiments ; as were all the lieutenancies, except four ; 
and cnsigncies, except four or five ; so that it seems to be most evident, that it was 
not Ills Majesty's intent that the Governors should have the appointment of the 
olHcers [ot the force] raised within their respective colonies. 

Neither Sir William Pepperell nor myself can be certain what commissions will 
be sent blank, to be filled up by ourselves, until the arrival of our lieutenant colo- 
nels ; we can't possibly have but a very few ; and Your Honor is sensible that it 
may be expected some at least of those should be distributed among the half-pay of- 
ficers of our late regiments, now here and unprovided for. 

I should be extremely glad, if it was in my power, to oblige Your Honor's As- 
sembly with blank commissions, for a set of officers, to be filled up by Your Honor, 
for the company to be raised by them in your colony ; and as that is not in my 
power, if it would be acceptable to the Assembly, that I should be their captain, I 
will take them for my own company, and will fill up a lieutenant's and ensi<;n's 
commissions for it, upon my receiving my blanks, with such persons as Your Honor 



1755.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS, 413 

shall be pleased to appoint]; and I shall moreover esteem the company's being 
raised by the Assembly of the colony of Rhode Island under these terms, to be a 
great honor done me, which I shall acknowledge upon any occasion in my power, 
of serving them. 

If what I propose, is not agreeable. Your Honor and the Assembly may have the 
men drafted either into Sir William Pepperell's and mine, or the two Virginia 
regiments, as the King's service may require, which ever is chosen. 

The ready compliance which the Assembly has paid to His Majesty's orders con- 
tained in Sir Thomas Kobinson's letter, according to their act, will be, doubtless, 
extremely acceptable to His Majesty. 

If what I propose to Your Honor, is agreeable, I should be glad if the Assembly 
would increase the number of the men to one hundred and ten, exclusive of com- 
missioned officers ; out of which, four may be enlisted as sergeants, four for cor- 
porals, and two for drums, as Your Honor shall order. 

I have likewise sent one hundred and ten blank enlistments, and one hundred 
and ten certificates, the form of beating orders, some articles of war, and instruc- 
tions for the officers, whether commissioned or non-commissioned, whom Your 
Honor shall think fit to choose to proceed to enlisting the men. 
1 am, with very great respect, sir, 

Your Honor's most humble and most obedient servant, 

W. SHIRLEY. 

To the Hon. William Greene, Esq., Governor of the colony of Rhode Island. 

P. S. I have ordered the bearer to wait for Your Honor's answer. 



Governor Shirley io Governor Greene. 

Boston, February 17, 1755. 

Sir : — The designs of the French (in which they have so far already succeeded), 
for invading His Majesty's just rights, in these northern parts of America, contrary 
to the most solemn treaties, require that these governments, as well for their own 
safety as in faithfulness to His Majesty, without delay to use all means in their 
power to frustrate these perfidious and pernicious practices. 

Among other measures, necessary to be taken, especially at this critical conjunc- 
ture (the present aspect of afTairs threatening a speedy rupture), nothing we can 
do, seems likely to tend more, by the blessing of God, to defeat the schemes of the 
French, to swallow up all His Majesty's dominions on the continent of America, 
than that the governments should agree in the' most effectual means for stopping all 
supplies of provision and warlike stores being sent out of any of these colonies, 
without the enclosed precaution against their being carried to the French. 

The General Assembly of this Province, has passed an order for that end (a copy 
of which I now enclose) ; and have desired me to soli'.'it the Governors of the rest 
of His Majesty's colonies to join with us in this necessary expedient lor our com- 
mon safety. 

Your Honor will observe that the time for the continuance of this prohibition, is 
restrained to three months ; but if the other governments should join with us, I 
make no doubt of bringing my Assembly to extend it furtlier. 

It would give me great pleasure to have Your Honor's concurrence with me 



414 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1755. 

in sentiments concerning what appears to me so salutary a measure at this conjunc- 
ture, lor the general good of all His Majesty's colonies in North America. 
I have the Honor to be, with the greatest respect, sir, 

Your Honor's most humble and most obedient servant, 

W. SHIRLEY. 
To the Hon. Governor Greene. 

Governor Shirley to Governor Greene. 

Boston, February 17, 1755. 

S;,. : This (rovernment has thought it necessary to take up and confine all the 

subjects of the French king, within this Province, apprehending that their only busi- 
ness here, is to purchase provisions and military stores, to furnish the French, the 
better to carrv on the war against us, or to gain intelligence of the consultations of the 
Ensilish oovernments, and the preparations they may be making for their own se- 
curity, and by ways unknown to us, to convey the same to their own governments. 
Therefore, at the desire of the Assembly of this Province, I would earnestly de- 
sire Your Honor to use your utmost endeavor that the like precaution be immedi- 
ately taken in your government, to prevent the mischief which probably will oth- 
erwise ensue. I enclose the copy of the vote referred to. 

I am, with the greatest respect, &c. &c., 

W. iSHIllLEY 
To Governor Greene. 

Governor Shirle?/ to Governor Greene. 

Boston, New England, February 24th, 1755. 

Sir : — It would be needless for me to observe to you, how His Majesty's colonies 
upon this continent, are surrounded with the encroachments of the French ; they 
have long since marked out for themselves a large empire upon the back of it, ex- 
tending from Cape Breton to the Gulf of Mexico, and comprehending the country 
between the Apalachian Mountains and Pacific Ocean, with the numerous power- 
ful tribes of Indians inhabiting it ; and they are now finishing the extreme parts by 
a communication between Louisbourg and Quebec, across the Isthmus of Nova Sco- 
tia and Bay of Funda, at one end, and a junction of Canada with the IMississippi, 
by a line efforts, upon the great lakes and rivers, at the other. 

It is fallen to the lot of the most eastern colonies, to be hemmed in by that part 
of their encroachments, which begin in Nova Scotia, and end at Crown Point, * 
* * among wliich, the fort of Beau Sejour, upon the isthmus of the peninsular, 
tliat on St. John's Kiver, and Fort St. Frederic, near Crown Point, are the prin- 
cipal. 

His Majesty, out of his paternal care for the welfiire and security of lils good sub- 
jects, of these colonics, in September, 1753, signified his royal pleasure, by the Right 
Honorable Earl of Iloldernessc's letter, dated the 21st of that month, to his Gov- 
ernors there, that they should, with the armed force of the mditia under their re- 
spective commands (if need be), romove nil encrnaclnnonts upon his territories, 
within tlic limits of their several guvernments, and use tlicir best endeavors for 



1755.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 415 



promoting a general union among them for their common defence against an 
invader. 

In July last, by a letter from the Right Honorable Sir Thomas Robinson, dated 
the 5th of that month. His Majesty signified bis orders to me and Colonel Law- 
rence, Lieutenant Governor, and commander in chief of Nova Scotia, that -we 
^hould concert measures for attacking the French forts in that Province. 

And in December last, I had the honor to receive another letter from Sir Thomas 
Robinson, dated the 2Gth of October, wherein he acquainted me, that His Majesty, 
upon taking the state of his colonies in North America, into his royal consideration, 
was graciously pleased, besides ordering two regiments of foot from Ireland, under 
the command of Sir Peter Halket and Col. Dunbar, to be sent to Virginia, to or- 
der me and Sir William Pepperell to raise each of us a regiment of foot, consisting 
of one thousand men, * * * under our respective commands, for the defence 
of his colonies here. 

In obedience to the first mentioned orders. Colonel Lawrence and I have con- 
certed measures for dislodging the French from their forts, in Nova Scotia, and 
driving them out of that Province ; and, among other preparations for that pur- 
pose, I am now raising a reinforcement of two thousand men, for His Majesty's 
regular troops there, to be embarked in time to be landed in the Bay of Funda by 
the first week of April ; which, I have reason to think, I can depend upon accom- 
plishing. 

In consequence of the latter, I have made a great progress in raising my regi- 
ment, and believe there is no great doubt of its being completed by the latter end 
of March. 

Mr. Dinwiddle, Governor of Virgina,in his letter to me, dated January the 14th, 
acquainted me that his government had great dependence upon a strong diversion's 
being made by Sir William Pepperell's and my regiments this summer, at some 
part of Canada, in favor of the attempts of the western colonies, to repel the French 
upon the Ohio ; and such a diversion of the French forces, must likewise greatly 
facilitate the enterprise for driving the French from their encroachments in Nova 
Scotia. 

It is most evident, that at the same time, the expedition in Nova Scotia, and the 
schemes which principally employ the attention of the French, and a great part of 
their forces upon the Ohio, afford a most favorable opportunity for the four colo- 
nies of New England, and those of New York and the New Jerseys, with their 
united strength to erect such a fort near Crown Point, as may command the French 
fort there, and curb the city of Montreal itself. 

These were the motives, which induced me to make the proposal of such an at- 
tempt to the Assembly within my own government, which is particularly set forth 
in my speech to them upon this occasion ; a copy of which, together with a copy of 
the resolves of the Assembly consequent upon it, I enclose to Your Honor. 

In these resolves, Your Honor will find what number of troops this government 
thinks it necessary to be raised in the whole for the execution of this attempt, with 
the quotas they propose for the consideration of the several colonies concerned ; 
and I hope it will not be thought that they have under rated their own quota, when 
it is considered that out of the twenty-two hundred men, which are raising for Sir 
William Pepperell's and my regiments, and two thousand now raising for the expe- 
dition to Nova Scotia, upwards of three thousand of them will be taken out of this 
Province ; which, with the twelve hundred proposed to be raised in it for Crown 



416 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1755. 

Point, will amount to considerably more than one eighth part of its fighting men; 
and that they wore at an heavy charge last year, in carrying on an expedition upon 
the river Kennebec, and erecting Fort Halifax there ; which, as it is a great advance 
towards securing' the principal pass into the heart of Canada, over against their me- 
tropolis of Quebec, and through which river, the French have the shortest passage 
into the Atlantic Ocean, of any river in North America, must be deemed an adr 
vantage to all the eastern colonies in general. 

Your Honor will observe, that the Assembly hath desired me to appoint an ofE- 
oer for the chief command of the proposed expedition. It is essential to the service, 
that such an one should be appointed ; and as it seemed necessary that he should 
be proposed at the beginning, and this government is the first mover in this expe- 
dition (as it was likewise in that against Cape Breton, of which also I appointed 
the commander in chief) it is hoped, the other colonies ***** will 
have no objection to it. 

The "entleman whom I shall nominate for this command, will, I am persuaded, 
show Your 1 lonor that the only motive which will sway me in this appointment, is 
a strict rcard to His Majesty's service, and the interest of the common cause, 
without the least partiality to any one of the governments concerned. 

The gentleman 1 have thought of, upon this important occasion, is Col. William 
Johnson, of Mount Johnson, in the Mohawk country, whose distinguished charac- 
ter for the i^ruat inlluenee he hath for several years maintained over the Indians of 
the Six Nations, is the circumstance which determines me in my choice, preferably 
to anv rreiitlenian of my own government, though there are not wanting there, offi- 
cers of rank and experience, out of whom I could have nominated one. 

Your Honor is sensible that one of the principal -things we have in view in this 
expedition, is to retain such of those castles as are not yet gone over to the French, 
in the English interest, and to reclaim those which are ; and it would be of un- 
speakable advantage to us at this conjuncture, if we could engage any of them in 
the proposed service. 

Colonel Johnson raised and commanded a regiment of Indians in the late in- 
tended expedition against Canada; and with regard to his power to engage them 
row, no gentleman can stand in competion with him ; besides, his military qualifi- 
cations for this particular service, and knowledge of the country and place, against 
which this expedition is destined, are very conspicuous. 

The tort intended to be built in this expedition, is proposed to be so situated as 
to command Fort St. Frederic, at Crown Point, to be made defensible against the 
strength which the French can suddenly bring against it from Montreal ; to be 
erected by the army employed ; and as to the support, garrisoning and command 
of it, that must depend upon His Majesty's pleasure, which will be soon known 
concerning it. 

It must be fresh in Your Honor's memory, that the reduction of the French tort, 
at Crown Point, was looked upon as a necessary step in the late intended expedi- 
tion against Canada, and how far advanced the preparations of the colonies con- 
cerned in that scheme were, till I know not by what fatal disunion of our counsels, 
a most unhajipy stop was put to it. 

One remarkable circumstance occurs to me upon this occasion ; when the late 
Sir Peter Warren and myself were endeavoring to engage one Monsieur Vau- 
(Ircric, then at Boston, a very intelligent Frenchman, as a pilot to our forces up the 
river St. Lawrence, in the aforesaid late expedition, he smiled, and told us he 



1755.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 417 



should not be convinced that the English did in good earnest design an expedition 
against Canada, from these colonies, until he should hear that Fort St. Frederic 
was attacked. 

But I am persuaded nothing more need be urged, to Your Honor, concerning 
the great importance of the proposed expedition, except that besides securing our- 
selves against future depredations of the French, from their fort at Crown Point, 
in a time of war ; we shall wipe off the reproach of the colonies for suffering that 
dangerous encroachment upon His Majesty's territories, to be at first erected. 

^^ I should have mentioned to Your Honor, that the two houses of the Assem- 
bly in this Province, have bound themselves by oath to secresy, both with respect 
to the expedition now preparing against the French encroachments in Nova Sco- 
tia, and that proposed against those at Crown Point ; which I thought proper to 
observe, that Your Honor may use your discretion in that point, with regard to the 
Assembly within your own government. 

The same union of sentiments, and like spirit with which the four sister colonies 
of New England acted in the late expeditions against Cape Breton and Canada, 
will, I hope, prevail in the colonies of all of them at this critical conjuncture ; and 
induce them to join in the proposed expedition. 

Your Honor is sensible that in order to avail ourselves of this favorable opportu- 
nity for such an enterprise, a speedy determination upon it, and the greater de- 
spatch in our preparations for it is necessary. 

I have commissioned the Honorable Thomas Hutchinson, Esq., to wait on Your 
Honor, upon this occasion, and to solicit your government to join with my own in 
this necessary piece of service for the protection of His Majesty's colonies under 
our care, against the dangerous encroachments of the French, and hope he will 
succeed in the execution of their commission. 

I am, with the greatest regard, sir, 

Your Honor's most obedient servant, 

W. SHIRLEY. 

To the Honorable Governor William Greene. 

P. S. I thought it might redeem time to send this by the post, in order to put 
it in Your Honor's power to convene the Assembly in your government as soon as 
possible, I made use of that opportunity. The commissioner will start from hence 
on Monday next, the 3d of March. W. S. 

Secrdary Robinson to Governor Greene. 

Whitehall, January 23, 1755. 
Sir :— The King, being determined that nothing shall be wanting towards the sup- 
port of his colonies and subjects in North America, has commanded me to signify to 
you His Majesty's intention to augment the regiments in British pay (viz. : not only 
Sir Peter Halket's and Col. Dunbar's, but likewise those which are now employed 
in Nova Scotia), to the number of one thousand men, each ; to which end, you will 
correspond with Major General Braddock, or the commander of the King's forces 
for the time being, from whom you will receive directions for the sending such con- 
tributions of men, as shall be wanting, and to such places where the same shall be 
quartered, or employed under his command. 
VOL. V. 53 



418 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1755. 

As there is probably a considerable number of persons, as well among the natives 
of America, as among such foreigners who may be arrived there from different 
parts, particularly from Germany, who will be capable and willing to bear arms 
upon this occasion, the King does not doubt but that you will be able by care and 
diligence, to atfcct this intended augmentation, and to defray the charge of levying 
the same from the common fund, to be established for the benefit of all the colonies, 
collectively, in North America, pursuant to His Majesty's directions, signified to you 
by my letter of the 26th of October last, for that purpose ; and as an encourage- 
ment to all such persons, who shall engage in this service, it is the King's intention 
(which you will assure them, in His jMajesty's name) that they shall receive arms 
and ciotinng, at the King's expense ; and that they will not only be sent back (if 
desired.) to their respective habitations, when the serviee in America shall be com. 
pleted and ended, but shall be entitled, in every respect, to the same advantages 
with those troops which may be already raised in consequence of your former 
order* I am, ettc, T. ROBINSON. 

To His Excellency, Governor Greene. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhltj, held for ihc Colomj of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, tlie Gth day 
of March, 1755. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

An Act for raising four companies in this colony, of one hun- 
dred men each, officers included, to be employed on a secret 
expedition, in case other governments shall join and carry 
on the proposed enterprise. 
■ "Whereas, His INIajesty's royal will and pleasure, that a 
speedy stop should be put to the encroachments made upon 
his just rights in North America, by the French, hath been re- 
[)cat»id unto this government ; who have always been hereto- 
Ibrc, and still are desirous of exerting themselves to aid and 
assist unto the utmost of their ability in every purpose having 
a tendency that way ; and inasmuch as there is a scheme pro- 
posed for the governments of New England, to attempt, in con- 
junction with other neighboring governments, to remove the 



* New York Colonial Docujiiciits, Vol. VI. p. 934. 



1755.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 419 

encroachments which the French have made upon the lands 
and country of our sovereign, at or near Crown Point ; and 
this it is supposed may be effected by building immediately a 
strong fort upon the rocky eminence, near the said Crown 
Point ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General iVssembly, and by 
the authority thereof it is enacted, that as soon as this govern- 
ment shall receive advice from His Excellency, Governor Shir- 
ley, that the other governments of New England have acceded 
to and concurred in carrying on the above mentioned enter- 
prise of building such a fort, there be forthwith raised in this 
colony, at the government's expense, four hundred good and 
able bodied men, including officers, to be by the Assembly ap- 
pointed, and commissioned by His Honor, the Governor ; which 
troops, when raised, shall join and act in conjunction with those 
of the other governments in New England, under the command 
of the general of the whole army ; subject, nevertheless, to the 
control of the General Assembly of this colony. 

And be it further enacted, that the gentlemen hereafter 
named, be, and are hereby appointed officers, for enlisting and 
commanding, according to the rules of military discipline, the 
aforesaid troops when raised, to wit : 

Christopher Harris, colonel. 

Edward Cole, captain ; Samuel Nichols, lieutenant ; and 
Joshua Bill, ensign, of the first company. 

Robert Sterry, captain ; David Dexter, lieutenant ; and 
Thomas Burket, ensign, of the second company. 

Henry Babcock, captain ; Edward Gray, lieutenant ; and 
Ichabod Babcock, Jr., ensign, of the third company. 

Abraham Francis, captain ; John Wardwell, lieutenant ; and 
Joseph Potter, of Warwick, ensign, of the fourth company. 

And be it further enacted, that the following wages, in old 
tenor bills of public credit, shall be the pay and allowance per 
month, of the officers and troops to be raised : 

The colonel, £150 ; every captain, £50 ; every lieutenant, 
£-86 ; every ensign, £28. 

The sergeants, £20 per month, and £20 bounty, at the time 



420 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1755. 

of enlisting, if provided with a good firelock ; and no more 
than £15 without ; that if the arms brought by such officers 
into service in the army, shall be damnified afterwards, or lost, 
the same shall be made good by the colony, according to the 
value thereof. 

The drummers, £20 per month ; and £15 bounty, at the 
time of enlisting ; moreover, every sergeant and drummer shall 
receive of the government, and have gratis, one good blanket, 
as a further encouragement, or £8 in lieu thereof, if he furnish 
himself with one. 

Every common soldier £16 per month, and £20 bounty, if 
furnished with a good firelock ; but no more than £15, with- 
out ; that if the arms brought by any soldier into the army, 
shall be damnified afterwards, or lost, the same shall be made 
good by the colony, according to the value thereof. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
no officer or soldier shall be liable to an arrest, or be im- 
prisoned, or stayed upon any execution, unless the same be 
for a debt or judgment for £200, old tenor, or upwards ; that 
some one of the committee of war inquire into the truth of 
any demand upon mesne process, that every person in execu- 
tion, shall, upon his enlisting, be released ; provided, no one 
judgment exceeds the above mentioned sum of £200 ; and in 
all and every such case, the sheriff shall be indemnified, and 
the bail acquitted ; nevertheless, if one plaintift' have two or 
more demands or judgments against one person, the whole 
shall be deemed and taken to be but one debt. 

And for a further encouragement, it is enacted, that all such 
officers and soldiers shall be exempted from any and every arrest 
or execution, for the space or term of one whole year after the 
expedition is ended, unless the same shall arise or accrue upon 
a new contract, made after the return of such officer or soldier ; 
or it 1)0 for a greater sum than £200, old tenor; and shall not, 
iluring said term of one year, be impressed for, or into any 
further military duty or service. 

And be it further enacted, that as soon as His Honor, the 
Governor, shall receive advice from the Governor of the Massa 



1755.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 421 

chusetts, that the other governments of New England have ac- 
ceded to the scheme proposed, and not only taken proper mea- 
sures, but actually begun to carry the same into execution, he 
shall forthwith issue a proclamation pursuant and conformable 
to this act, and give commissions unto all the ofl&cers, that they 
may be authorized and enabled to raise the troops as soon as 
possible ; and that according to the regulation aforesaid. 

And be it further enacted, that the committee of war, for the 
time being, be authorized, and are hereby fully empowered 
and directed to purchase or procure four hundr-ed pounds 
weight of good gun powder, sixteen hundred pounds weight 
of lead, with a sufficient quantity of flints, and four hundred 
hatchets ; and also all such provisions, and warlike and other 
stores, as shall be necessary for the subsistence of the troops ; 
and to carry on the expedition, and render it effectual ; which 
ammunition and stores, when purchased or procured, they 
shall cause to be transported unto Albany, as the most proper 
place for a general rendezvous ; and as to the provisions, this 
Assembly give it as their opinion, that as much as will serve 
two months will be sufficient. 

And be it further enacted, that the said committee of war 
be authorized and are hereby fully empowered to draw out of 
the general treasury all and every such sum and sums of 
money as shall be wanting from time to time, for the purpose 
aforesaid, together with a sufficiency for paying the bounty, 
providing tents, and defraying the incident expense of enlist- 
ing, billeting, and marching the troops, and all other necessary 
charges, which their support and subsistence may require dur- 
ing the service. 

And that the general treasurer may be speedily supplied 
with money sufficient for effecting the ends and purposes, 
aforesaid, — 

Be it further enacted, that there be struck off and emitted, 
upon the credit of this colony, the sum of £60,000, old tenor, 
if said expedition shall be carried on, and that sum found 
necessary therefor ; and that the committee to be hereafter ap- 
pointed for signing said bills, do, upon the first intelligence 



422 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAOT) [1755. 

from the Governor of the Massachusetts, that the intended 
expedition will be carried on, strike off. and sign and lodge in 
the general treasury, at the colony's expense, one half of the 
sum aforesaid ; and the remainder as occasion shall require ; 
that the bills be struck off the large plates last used by the 
colony ; the same being first new dated, with an addition of the 
words, " Crown Point," upon the back ; and signed by three of 
the committee to be chosen. 

And be it further enacted, that the bills so emitted, shall, pur- 
suant to act of Parliament, be called in and sunk within the 
space and term of two years, and that by a tax to be levied upon 
the government ; that is to say : one half within the space or 
term of a year ; and the other half, within the space or term 
of two years, from the time of making this act ; which tax 
shall be made and levied in the same manner as that now to 
be levied, was assessed upon the inhabitants, but by a new 
proportion to the towns. 

And be it further enacted, that Daniel Updike, Joshua Bab- 
cock, Jeremiah Lippitt and Benjamin Nichols, Esqs., be, and 
they are hereby appointed a -committee for signing the bills so 
to be emitted ; and that any three of them shall be sufficient, 
as to number. 

And be it further enacted, that a commissary shall be chos- 
en and appointed, to attend the troops during the intended ex- 
pedition ; and have <£G0 per month, for wages, without any 
allowance for commissions ; and Mr. Christopher Champlin, Jr., 
is hereby chosen and appointed to that office. 

And be it further enacted, that in case the committee of war 
shall not be able to procure or purchase a sufficient number of 
good arms, that His Honor, the Governor, issue a warrant, for 
impressing as many as shall be found wanting and necessary. 

And be it further enacted, that if any or either of the offi- 
cers now chosen, shall refuse the service, or die before it is 
over, that the committee of war, or the major part of them, ap- 
point another or others in the room of him or them, that shall 
so die or refuse. 

And be it further enacted, that every person who shall lose 



1755.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 423 

a limb, or be otherwise disabled in the service, during this in- 
tended expedition, so as to be rendered incapable of procuring 
himself a livelihood, he shall be allowed and have a pension of 
£50 a year, during life, out of the general treasury. 

And furthermore, this Assembly choose and appoint the 
same gentlemen as were chosen and appointed last month, to 
be the committee of war ; and they are hereby vested with all 
and every the power and authority granted them at that time ; 
with this addition, that any two shall make a quorum. 

■ And lastly, it is enacted, that the act made and passed by 
this Assembly, at their session in January last, for raising one 
hundred men ; and another act made and passed at their ses- 
sion, last month, for making an addition of thirteen men more 
unto that hundred, be both, and each of them, is hereby re- 
pealed. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Jer. Lippitt, Peter Bours, Dan'l Jenckes and Joshua 
Babcock, Esq., be, and they are hereby constituted a commit- 
tee, to prepare a bill, to restrain the sending provisions or war- 
like stores to Cape Breton or any other French port, or settlement 
upon the continent of North America, or islands near or adjacent 
thereunto ; and another, for the taking up and securing all the 
subjects of the French king, that shall be found within this colo- 
ny ; or any other person or persons, that shall be suspected of 
carrying or conveying, or of intending to carry or convey any 
intelligence from this colony, unto the French, of any proceed- 
ings of the English, in respect to the controversy now subsist- 
ing between the two nations. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the captain of Fort George^ be, and he is hereby 
directed and ordered to purchase for the colony's use, thirty- 
six barrels of gunpowder, and draw money out of the general 
treasury to pay for the same ; and that the captain do not al- 
low or suffer any powder to be fired away at said Fort, on any 
holiday, or days of public rejoicing. 

Whereas, the committee appointed to make the draught of a 
letter to be sent unto the Bight Honorable Sir Thomas Bobin- 



424 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1755. j 

son, one of His Majesty's principal secretaries of state, and an- 
other to the agent, have laid their performances before this As- 
sembly, who having heard the same read, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
committee of war, or the major part of them, be, and they are 
hereby authorized and fully empowered to make such altera- 
tions in said letter, or either of them, as they shall think 
proper ; that when they have so done, the same be presented 
to His Honor, the Governor, in order to their being by him 
signed and sent home by the first opportunity ; and that 
copies of said letters be exhibited to the General Assembly, at 
their next session ; that in the letter to be sent to the agent^ 
he be directed to be upon his watch, and if any thing shall be 
moved in Parliament respecting the plan for an union of His 
Majesty's northern colonies, projected at Albany, which may 
have a tendency to infringe on our charter privileges, that he 
use his utmost endeavors to get it put off until such time as 
the government is furnished with a copy, and have opportunity 
of making answer thereunto. 

An Act to restrain the sending of provisions and warlike stores 

to Cape Breton, or any other French port or settlement, in 

North America, 

"Whereas, there is, and for some past has been a very perni- 
cious trade carried on from hence, and some other of the north- 
ern colonies, to Louisbourg, on the Island of Cape Breton, and 
other French ports and settlements in North America ; by 
means whereof, the French have been supplied with great 
quantities of flour and other provisions, and thereby are ena- 
bled to support themselves the better in their encroachments 
on His Majesty's territories on this continent; which if not 
timely prevented, may prove of a very dangerous, if not fatal 
consequence to this and all other His Majesty's territories in 
North America ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof it is enacted, that the collector of His 
Majesty's customs, for this colony, shall require of every mas- 



1755.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 425 

ter of a vessel, at his clearing out, an exact account, under 
his hand, of all the provision and warlike stores, laden or in- 
tended to be laden, on board his vessel before sailing ; which 
account shall appear to have been sworn to before an assistant, 
or justice of the peace, with an additional oath, that he will not 
lade or suffer to be laden on board any other provisions or 
warlike stores, after clearing out his said vessel- 

And whensoever it shall appear to said officer or his deputy, 
that any vessel has on board, or that there is intended to be 
laden on board any vessel, more provisions or warlike stores 
than is necessary for the victualling and defence of said ves- 
sel on her proposed voyage, the said officer is hereby required 
and fully empowered to demand and take of the master of 
such vessel, a bond, with one or more sureties in the penal 
sum of £1,000, with this condition : that all such provisions 
and stores of war shall be landed within His Majesty's domin- 
ions, and no where else ; unless at Surranam, Esquebo, or Bar- 
beties. 

And be it further enacted, that whenever a certificate shall 
be produced to the collector, or his deputy, from the chief offi- 
cer of the customs, where such provisions and warlike stores 
have been landed, agreeably to the true intent and meaning of 
this act, then such bond shall be cancelled and made void. 

And be it further enacted, that this act shall be forthwith 
published by the clerk of the lower house, aftd a copy thereof 
sent to the collector, in order for his conducting himself accord- 
ing to its true intent and meaning ; and that the same be, and 
abide in force until the first Wednesday in May next, and no 
longer. 

An Act empowering their Honors, the Governor and Deputy 
Governor, the assistants and judges of the superior and 
inferior courts, and each of them, to take up and secure 
Frenchmen, &c. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the authori- 
ty thereof it is enacted, that His Honor, the Governor, His Hon- 
or, the Deputy Governor, the assistants, the judges of the supe- 
VOL. v. 54 



42G RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1755. 

rior court of judicature, and judges of the inferior court of com- 
mon pleas, and each of them, be, and he is hereby requested 
and fully empowered by warrant, under his, their or either of their 
hands, to take up and secure at discretion, all and every the 
subject and subjects of the French king, that shall be found 
within this colony, or any other person or persons that are, or 
shall be suspected of carrying or conveying, or of intending to 
carry, or convey unto the French any intelligence from this 
colony, or any of the proceedings of the English, in respect to 
the controversy subsisting between the two nations ; and that 
every officer who shall have a warrant for taking up any sub- 
ject of the French king, or person suspected, as aforesaid, is 
heieby authorized and fully empowered to break locks and 
bars, if occasion require. 

The two foregoing acts were published in Newport, March, 
the 10th day, 1755, according to order, by 

JOSIAS LYNDON, clerk of the lower house. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that all business lying before them unfinished, be, and 
the same is hereby referred unto their next session ; and that 
this Assembly be adjourned unto the last Monday of April 
next, if called by either of their Honors, the Governor or Dep- 
uty Governor ; but if not called before, nor at said time, then 
lliis Assembly be, and hereby is dissolved. 

God save the King. 



1755.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



427 



Proceedings of the General Assemhli/, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the first Wednes- 
day of May, 1755. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

The following officers declared elected, were duly engaged. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 

The Hon. Jonathan Nichols, Deputy Governor. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Mr. John Tillinghast, 
Mr. Nicholas Easton, 
Mr. Nicholas Cooke, 
Mr. Obadiah Brown, 
Mr. Robert Lawton, 



Mr. Joseph Brovvnell, Jr., 
Mr. Jeremiah Lippitt, 
Mr. William Richmond, 
Mr. John Congdon, 
Col. Thomas Hazard. 



SECRETAKY. 

Mr. Thomas Ward. 

\ ATTORNEY GENERAL. 

Mr. Daniel Updike. 



GENERAL TREASURER. 

Mr. Thomas Richardson. 



DEPUTIES. 



Neivport, 
Mr. Edward Scott, 
Mr. Thomas Cranston, 
Mr. Peter Bours, 
Capt. Job Bennett, Jr. 
Mr. James Sheffield, 
Mr. William Read. 



Providence. 
Mr. Daniel Jenckes, 
Mr. Nicholas Brown, 
Mr. George Brown, 
Mr. Henry Harris. 



428 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND 



[1755. 



DEPUTIES. 



Portsmouth. 
]\Ir. William Anthony, Jr. 
Mr. John Allen, 
'yiw Thomas Brownell, 
Mr. William Earl. 

WarivicJi. 
Mr. Philip Greene, 
Mr. Joseph Lippitt, 
Mr. John Walton, Jr., 
Mr. Benjamin Arnold. 

WcstcrJ//. 
Capt. Benjamin Randall. 
Mr. Ilezekiah Collins. 

New Shoreham. 
Mr. Edward Sands, 
Mr. Samuel Hathbun, Jr. 

North Kingstown. 
Col. Immanuel Northup, 
Mr. Beriah Brown. 

South Klngstoim. 
IMr. John Potter, 
Mr. Bowland Robinson. 

East Greenwich. 
Wx. William Spencer, 
iMaj. John Arnold. 
Janiestoivn. 
Mr. Josiah Arnold, Jr. 
J^Ir. William Martin. 

SniUhJichl 
Mr. John Aldrich, 
Mr. Jonathan Arnold. 

ScUuate. 
Capt. Jol) Randall, 
Capt. Amos Hammond. 



Glocester. 
Capt. John Smith, 
Mr. Richard Steere, 
Chmiestgivn. 
Col. Christopher Champlin, 
Capt. Joseph Stanton. 

West Greenwich. 
Mr. Thomas Rogers, 
Mr. Philip Greene. 

Coventry. 
Mr. Aaron Bowen, 
Mr. Richard Stafford. 

Exeter. 
Capt. John Reynolds, 
Mr. John Weight. 
Middletoion. 
Mr. Thomas Gould, 
Mr. Joshua Coggeshall, Jr. 

Bristol. 
Capt. Joseph Russell, 
Mr. Theajashub Bourn. 

Tiverton. 
Mr. Samuel Durfey, 
Mr. Thomas Howland. 

Little Compton. 
Mr. Joseph Wood, 
Mr. Moses Palmer. 

^Varren. 
Mr. James Brown, 
Capt. Benjamin Barton. 

Cumberland. 
Mr. Job Bartlett, 
Mr. Jeremiah Whipple. 



1755.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. ' 429 



DEPUTIES. 

Richmond, Cranston. 

Major Richard Bayley, Mr. Joseph Harris, 

Mr. John Teft. Mr. John Burton. 

The Hon. Thomas Cranston, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyndon, 
clerk. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Benjamin Nichols, James Shef- 
field, Obadiah Brown, Samuel Chace, James Arnold, George 
Brown and Nicholas Easton, Esqs., the grand committee, or 
trustees of the colony, for signing bills of public credit, 
&c. 

And the aforenamed Benjamin Nichols, Esq., is chosen and 
especially appointed to have and take the care and charge of 
the colony's mortgages and bonds for tenths, and to receive the 
the money due, and to be due thereon ; and also to make and 
give proper acquittances and discharges on the mortgages ; or 
otherwise, upon the receipt of any of the colony's money ; and 
in case of non-payment, to put in suit the bonds and mortgages 
of all those that refuse or omit to make due payment. 

Mr. Edward Thurston, general sealer of weights and meas- 
ures, throughout the government. 

Whereas, the General Assembly of this colony, at their ses- 
sion, held at Providence, on Thursday, the 6th of March last, 
made an act to restrain the sending of provisions and warlike 
stores to Cape Breton, or any other French port or settlement, 
in North America ; which was to be, and continue in force for 
a certain term of time, now expired ; and forasmuch, as the 
circumstances that occasioned the making that act, are still 
subsisting, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the authori- 
ty thereof it is enacted, that the act above mentioned, and every 
clause and article thereof, be, and is hereby revived, and shall 
have and take effect, and continue in force until the rising of 



430 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1755. 

the General Assembly at their next session ; and that the col- 
lector, and every one under him, be, and is hereby forbidden 
to, and shall not clear out any vessel or vessels to Cape Breton, 
on any pretence whatever ; and that this act be forthwith pro- 
claimed, and a copy thereof sent immediately unto the collec- 
tor's office, by the secretary. 

Which was done accordingly, at half an hour past three o'- 
clock, in the afternoon of the 9th of May, 1755, by 

THO. WARD, Secretary. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the authori- 
ty thereof it is enacted, that all the officers in this colony's ser- 
vice use their utmost endeavors to get the four hundred men, 
above mentioned, raised and made into four companies as soon 
as possible, by enlisting in this and the neighboring govern- 
ments ; and the committee of war are hereby directed to use 
their utmost endeavors that the deficiency, if any, may be sup- 
plied and made up, by taking into the service of this colony as 
many Indians of the Six Nations, as shall be found necessary. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the troops of this government shall be formed into and made 
a distinct regiment, with the addition of a lieutenant colonel 
and major, to be, by the committee of war, chosen and appoint- 
ed* out of the present officers ; who shall be paid in bills of 
credit, of the old tenor, as followeth : 

The lieutenant colonel, £140 per month, including all his 
other wages. 

The major, £130 per month, including all his other wages. 

And the following alterations shall be made, with regard to 
the pay or wages per month, of the officers ; who shall have, to 
Avit : 

The commissary, £120 ; every captain, £100 5 every lieu- 
tenant, £60; every ensign, £50; every corporal, £18. 

And 1)0 it furtlicr enacted, that if a sufficient number of arms 
cannot be secured to supply all the soldiers for the expedition, 



1755.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 431 

the committee of war is hereby empowered and directed to 
make use of any number of the colony's arms now in Newport, 
not exceeding two hundred. 

And be it further enacted, that the commissary, who is 
forthwith to repair unto Albany, shall, during the expedition, 
supply the officers and soldiers with all things necessary for 
their subsistence ; and upon urgent occasions, draw upon the 
committee of war ; who are to enable themselves to answer 
all his draughts ; either by shipping West India goods, upon 
the colony's account, to the westward, or in any other method 
they shall judge most for the interest of the colony. 

And be it further enacted, that the committee of war be, and 
hereby is empowered to borrow or purchase, on the best terms 
they can, all the arms that shall be necessary ; and that any 
person who shall lend or sell to the colony, a good small arm, 
shall be exempted from all military duty, for, and during the 
term of one year ; that when the companies, aforesaid, or any 
one of them, is filled, they, the committee of war, cause them to 
be transported unto Albany by water ; that they provide for the 
troops a good and skillful surgeon, who shall be paid £100 
per month, and be furnished with a chest of proper medicines, 
at the colony's expense ; and one month's pay advanced to 
every officer and soldier, before his departure ; and also to 
supply each soldier with what clothing they may judge neces- 
sary, to be charged to said soldier. 

Moreover, the commissary is hereby directed to take care 
that the troops of this government have as large an allowance 
of victuals and liquor as is made unto any of the troops belong- 
ing unto the other governments ; and that in case of the pres- 
ent commissary's death, the commissioned officers be, and are 
hereby empowered to choose and appoint another in his 
stead. 

And be it further enacted, that the committee of war shall 
have, and hereby is granted unto them, full power and authori- 
ty, during the recess of the General Assembly, to act, order, do 
and transact all and every matter and matters, thing and things 
necessary and convenient to be ordered, done or executed, for 



432 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1755. 

efTectually carrying into execution, the part this gojernment 
has undertaken in this intended expedition ; and that as fully 
and amply, to all intents and purposes as the General Assem- 
bly itself "^could, ought, or might, were it actually sitting, they, 
the said committee, being always accountable unto the General 
Assembly for their conduct. 

This Assembly choose and appoint the gentlemen after 
named, to be committee men of the towns set against their 
names, respectively ; — 

Mr. Solomon Drown, for Providence ; Messrs. Joseph Stan- 
ton and James Congdon, Jr., for Charlestown ; John Barker, 
Esq., for jNIiddletown ; Mr. Jeremiah Browne, for Little Comp- 
ton; Jonathan Randall, Esq., and Mr. Edward Arnold, for 
Cranston. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Col. Godfrey Mallbone, with Messrs. Thomas 
Wickham and Evan Mallbone, be, and they, or any two of 
them, are hereby appointed a committee, to treat with Josiah 
Arnold, Esq., about the land at Beaver Tail, upon which the 
light house stands, in order to purchase the same of him, with 
as much land more, as tho}^ shall think it necessary, for the 
use of said light house ; that when they shall have agreed, 
they take a deed of him unto the colony, and draw money out 
of the general treasury, to pay for what they purchase ; and 
wlien the said Josiah Arnold hath made and executed such a 
deed, that they move him to take upon himself the care and 
charge of said light house ; but if he will not sell and give a 
deed of said land unto the colony, that the committee engage 
one of the best attorneys in this colony, to defend, at the colo- 
ny's expense, against the said Josiah Arnold, in the suit he 
liath commenced ; and that the said committee, or any two of 
tlicm, liave, and take care of said light house in the mean 
time, and until the end of the General Assembly's next 
session. 

God s:ive the Kins;. 



1755.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS: 433 



Proceedings of the General Assemhli/, held for the Colony of RJiode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport, the second Jlon- 
day of June, 1755. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 

The Hon. Jonathan Nichols, Deputy Governor. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Mr. Speaker Cranston, Jas. Sheffield and Benjamin 
Nichols, Esqs., be, and they are hereby appointed a committee, 
vpith full power to settle in the best manner they can, the contro- 
versy that hath so long subsisted between this colony and Jah- 
leel Brenton, Esq., and receive of him what they shall find due 
to this government, giving a full discharge in the colony's be- 
half 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Jeremiah Lippitt, Daniel Updike and James Hon- 
eyman, Esqs., be, and they are hereby appointed a committee, 
to inquire whether this colony hath any right unto part of the 
French schooner, and the cargo thereof, lately forfeited, and by 
the admiralty court in this colony condemned. 

An Act for emitting more bills upon the credit of this colony, 
for and towards the carrying on the part by this government 
undertaken in the present expedition, for removing encroach- 
ments made by the French. 

Whereas, it is very evident, that the sum of £60,000, in old 
tenor bills, ordered by the General Assembly, at their session^ 
in Providence, the 6th day of March last, is altogether insuffi- 
cient to defray the expense necessarily arising upon the gov- 
ernment, with respect to that part which they have undertaken 
in the expedition above mentioned, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof it is enacted, that for the purpose afore- 
VOL. V. 55 



434 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1755. 

said, the sum of £40,000, in such bills as are above mentioned, 
be struck off, that is to say : 

One half from the large, aud the remainder, all but £10,000, 
from the small plate, lately used by this government ; that it 
be emitted upon the same foundation, and sunk in the same 
manner, and at the same periods of time with the said £G0,- 
000 ; that the small plate be new dated, with the addition of 
Crown Point, upon the back, and the bills signed by the com- 
mittee that signed the said £60,000 ; that £10,000 of the 
£40,000 be struck oft' at one time; and when that shall be ex- 
pended, £10,000 more, and so on, until the whole £40,000 be 
emitted, if necessity require it. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof, it is enacted, that His Honor, the Deputy Gov- 
ernor, Daniel Jenckes, Esq., and the secretary, be, and they 
are hereby constituted a committee, to represent this colony, 
aud directed and fully empowered, to demand, sue for and take 
into possession, this colony's part of the French schooner, and 
her cargo, lately forfeited and condemned by the court of vice 
admiralty, in this colony ; and also the colony's part of all and 
every other vessel or vessels, cargo or cargoes, that may here- 
after be forfeited. 

This Assemldy do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that when the collectors of the rate made by this colo- 
ny, return their warrants, and pay in the money collected, if it 
shall appear unto the general treasurer, that any sums that 
shall be in arrear, could not have been collected, he shall grant 
forth a new warrant or warrants, for collecting the same, re- 
turnable in one month. 

Whereas, tliere v/as an act made and passed by the General 
Assembly, at their session in Providence, upon the 6th day of 
Afarcli, last, entitled " An act to restrain the sending provi- 
sions and warlike stores to Cape Breton, or any other French 
port, or settlement, in North America, which was to be, and 
continue in force until the first Wednesday of May, then next 
ensuing; which said act was, by the General Assembly, at 
their session last month, revived and made to take effect, and 



1755.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 435 

continue in force, with an addition thereunto, forbidding the 
collector, and every one under him, to clear out any vessel or 
vessels to Cape Breton, on any pretence, whatever ; and that 
the same act, with the addition thereto made, as aforesaid, 
should be, and continue in force until the rising of this Assem- 
bly ; and forasmuch, as the occasion of making and continuing 
said act, with the addition, aforesaid, still subsists, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the authori- 
ty thereof it is enacted, that the act aforesaid, with the clause 
thereto added, be, and the same is hereby continued ; and shall 
have and take force, and be of effect to all intents and purpos- 
es, until the rising of the General Assembly, at their next 
session. 

And it is further enacted, that this act be forthwith pub- 
lished by the secretary; who is hereby directed to send a 
copy unto the collector's office. 

Both of which, were accordingly done on the 12th day of 
this instant June, by THO. WARD^ Secretary. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that John Tillinghast, Jeremiah Lippitt, Philip Greene, 
Daniel Jenckes and Job Randall, Esqs., be, and they hereby 
are constituted a committee, to form an act to determine and 
ascertain in what manner judgments made, and to be made up 
for sterling money, gold, silver, or paper bills, of any of the 
neighboring colonies, shall be satisfied, in such manner that the 
creditors may receive equal in value to what is due, and no 
more. 

An Act for further continuing the present committee of 

war. 

Whereas, the General Assembly, at their last session, 
granted the committee of war full power and authority, 
during the recess of the General Assembly, to act, order, do 
and transact, all and every matter and matters, thing and 
things necessary and convenient to be ordered, done, or exe. 



436 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1755. 

cutecl, for effectually carrying into execution the part this 
government hath undertaken in the expedition intended to re- 
move encroachments made by the French, upon the territories 
of our sovereign ; and that as fully and amply, to all intents 
and purposes, as the General Assembly itself could, ought or 
might, were it actually sitting ; which power and authority 
may seem to have been abrogated and annulled by this pres- 
ent session. 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof it is enacted, that the same power and 
authority be, and hereby is further continued unto the said 
committee of war ; and they shall at all times have and enjoy 
the same, during the recess of the General Assembly, so long 
as the present expedition shall continue ; they being always 
accountable for their conduct unto future General Assemblies. 
- God save the King. 

^^ccretar^J Rohinson to the Governor and ComjMny of Rhode 

Island. 

Whitehall, 19th June, 1755. 

Gentlemen : — Having received no letters from you, since my last, of the 16th of 
April, I have only to acquaint you, that it is the express command of the lords jus- 
tices, that you should not draw bills upon the paymaster general, or his deputy, or 
upon any other person ; and that you should not issue any warrants for money, for 
tlic discharge of such expenses as have been, or may be incurred, on account of the 
services or operations to be performed by you, or in any respect under your direc- 
tion, in North America. 

JJut the lords justices are pleased to direct, that, upon all such occasions, you shall 
apply for such sums of money as shall so become necessary, and are not properly 
chargeable to the account of your government, to Major General Braddock, or to 
the commander in chief of His Majesty's forces for the time being, in North 
America. 

I am, gentlemen, your most obedient humble servant, 

T. ROBINSON. 

To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

Secretar// Powmill to the Governor and Compawj of Rhode Island. 

Whitehall, July thel5th, 1755. 
Gentlemen : — It being for His Majesty's service, that the lords commissioners for 
trade and plantations should be fully informed of the present state and condition of 



1755.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 437 

all His Majesty's colonies in North America, I am directed by their lordships to 
send you the enclosed heads of inquiry, and to desire you will forthwith transmit 
very full and particular answers thereto ; and also a collection of the laws which 
have, from time to time, been passed, and are now in force, within the colony un- 
der your government. 

I am, gentleman, your most obedient humble servant, 

JOHN POWNALL, Sec'ry. 
To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 



Queries relating to His Majesty's Plmiiations on the continent of 

America. 

1. What is the situation of the colony under your government, the nature of the 
government, the nature of the country, soil and climate, the latitudes and longi- 
tudes of the most considerable places in it, or the neighboring French or Spanish 
settlements ? Have those latitudes and longitudes been settled by good observa- 
tions, or only by common computations, and from whence are the longitud'es com- 
puted ? 

2. What are the reputed boundaries, and are any parts thereof disputed, what 
parts, and by whom ? 

3. What is the constitution of the government V 

4. What is the trade of the colony, the number of shipping, their tonnage, and 
the number of sea-faring men, with the respective increase or diminution within 
ten years past. 

5. What quantity and sorts of British manufactures do the inhabitants annually 
take from hence V 

6. What trade has the colony under your government with any foreign planta- 
tions, or any part of Europe, besides Great Britain '? How is that trade carried 
on ? What commodities do the people under your government send to or receive 
from foreign plantations ? 

7. What methods are there used te prevent illegal trade, and are the same 
effectual ? 

8. What is the natural produce of the country, staple commodities and manu- 
factures ? and what value thereof in sterling money may you annually export ? 

9. What mines are there ? 

10. What is the number of inhabitants, whites and blacks ? 

11. Are the inhabitants increased or decreased within the last ten yeai's, how 
much, and for what reasons ? 

1 2. What is the number of the militia ? 

13. What forts and places of defence are there within your government, and in 
what condition V 

14. What number of Indians have you, and how are they inclined? 

15. What is the strength of the neighboring Indians ? 

16. What is the strength of your neighboring Europeans, French or 
Spaniards ? 

17. What effect have the French or Spanish settlements on the continent of 



438 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1755. 

America, upon His Majesty's plantations, especially upon your colony ? 

18. What is the revenue arising within your government, and how is it appro- 
priated ? 

19. What are the ordinary and extraordinary expenses of your government ? 

20. What are establishments, civil and military, within your government, and 
by what authority do the officers hold their places ? 

It is desired that a return may be made to these queries every six months, that 
the board may from time to time be apprized of any alterations that may happen in 
the circumstances of }"our ijovernment ? 



Proceedings of the General AssemUi/, held for the Colony of Ehode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, on Monday, 
ihe Wth of August, 1755. 

The lion. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 

The Hon. Jonathan Nichols, Deputy Governor. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that three companies, of fifty men each, including offi- 
cers, he forthwith raised, and supported at the charge of this 
colony, sent and joined unto the companies already raised and 
sent by this government unto Albany, upon the expedition 
against Crown Point; and Jeremiah Lippitt, Esq., the at- 
torney general. George Brown, Esq., and the secretary be, 
and they are hereby constituted a committee, to draw up an 
act, accordingly. 

" We, the subscribers, dissent from the vote for raising one 
hundred and fifty men, to be added to those already raised 
for the expedition to Crown Point, for the following reason : 

Because we arc of opinion, that the four hundred men, for- 
merly voted, are this colony's fall quota ; and we are unwil- 
ling to load our constituents with a burthen that we think 
exceeds their ability to bear. 

THOMAS ROGERS, EDWARD SCOTT, 

BENJ. ARNOLD, IMMANUEL NORTHUP, 

WILLIAM SPENCER, SA^^IUEL DURFEE, 

PHILIP GREENE, of West Greenwich." 



1755.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 439 

Whereas, James Sheffield, Esq., captain of Fort George, ex- 
hibited unto this Assembly, an account by him charged 
against the government, for monies by him disbursed in pro- 
viding sundry necessaries for the public service at said fort ; 
v^^hich being duly examined, — 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the said account be, and the same is hereby al- 
lowed ; and that £41 6s. id., the amount thereof, be paid unto 
the said James Sheffield, out of the general treasury. 

Whereas, this Assembly is informed by His Honor, the Lieu- 
tenant Governor of the Massachusetts Bay, that it has been 
reported that vessels have sailed, and that others were fitting 
out from this government, designed to go among the French 
with provisions f — 

This Assembly, therefore, do vote and resolve, and it is 
voted and resolved, that John Tillinghast, Immanuel Northup, 

* From Lieut Governor .Phijjs, of Jfassaekusetts, to Governor Hop- 
kins, of Rhode Island. 

Boston, August 25, 1755. 

Sir : — I am to acknowledge the receipt of Your Honor's letter of the 23d inst. 
I could not avoid acquainting you with the information which I had received, re- 
lating to the transportation of provisions to the French ; and as I have no reason to 
suppose but that the gentleman who gave it was moved to do it by a concern for 
the public service, I think it would not be good policy to subject him to the odium 
or displeasure of any persons whatsoever; for at this critical juncture, too great en- 
couragement cannot be given for the detecting any designs to supply the French. 
The enclosed letter, with the state of the town and garrison of Louisbouro-, which 
I have just received from Admiral Boscawen, confirms me in this opinion, more 
fully than ever. 

I do not apprehend that a charge against, or suspicion of any particular inhabit- 
ant can be construed as a reflection upon the colony in general ; especially, as the 
government have shown their concern to prevent any such measures. 

I have had good reason to suspect persons within this Province, and have been 
obliged to make inquiry into their conduct, and lay them under peculiar resiraints ; 
and have lately been informed that some schemes have been on foot to carry provi- 
sions from Martha's Vineyard, or some other parts of this government, near the 
borders of yours. If any such designs should come to Your Honor's knowledge, I 
doubt not you will give me immediate information of them. 

I am, sir, your most pbedient and most humble servant, 

S. PHIPS. 



440 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1755. 

Edward Scott and William Anthony, Jr., Esqs., be, and they 
are hereby appointed a committee, to make strict inquiry into 
the above mentioned affair, and make report to this Assembly, 
as soon as may be. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Obadiah Brown, James Sheffield and Joseph Rus- 
sell, Esqs., and Mr. Joseph Lippitt, be, and they are hereby ap- 
pointed a committee, to audit the accounts of the committee of 
war, and make report unto this Assembly as soon as pos- 
sible. 

An Act for raising and supporting three companies, of fifty- 
men, each, including officers, to join the troops already 
sent by this government in the expedition against Crown 
Point. 

Whereas, the defeat of the English army at, or near the Mo- 
naungahela,-^' may not only inspirit the French and their In- 
dian allies, but give them an opportunity and the advantage of 
detaching such a part of their forces to the northward, as may 
render the success of the expedition under Major General Shir- 
ley against Niagara precarious, but frustrate that which this 
colony, in conjunction with some other of His Majesty's gov- 
ernments in North America are engaged in, against Crown 
Point, and thereby bring the English empire in those parts, 
into considerable danger ; for preventing whereof, as far as 
lictli in the power of this colony, — 

13c it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the authori- 
ty thereof it is enacted, that three companies, of fifty men, 
each, including officers, be forthwith raised and supported at 
the expense of this colony, under the command of such officers 
as shall be chosen and appointed for that purpose, and sent by 
land unto Albany, as fast as the companies can be filled up by 



* [This refers to the celebrated defeat of the English forces under General Brad- 
dock, on the 9th Jul_y, 1 755, when an attempt was made to invest Fort Du Quesne, 
(now Pittsburgh,) the stronghold of the French. Colonel, afterwards General 
Washington, acted on this occasion, as aid to General Braddock. — J. II. B ] 



1755.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 441 

order of His Honor, the Governor ; and from thence, to march 
with the utmost expedition, so as to join and be added unto 
the regiment ah'eady sent by this government against Crown 
Point, under the command of Col. Christopher Harris, before 
any action is entered upon, if possible. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that' 
the officers to be chosen, shall have and receive the same 
wages, and enjoy equal immunities and advantages with those 
already sent ; and every soldier to be raised, the same wages 
bounties and immunities in every respect, as were granted the 
soldiers of our aforesaid regiment. 

And as a further encouragement, and for the more speedy 
raising men to form the three new companies, each soldier 
shall have and be allowed, upon his enlisting, a bounty of 
£25, old tenor, more than was allowed or granted unto the sol- 
diers first raised in this colony. 

And to the end that there may be a sufficiency in the gen- 
eral treasury, for raising men, paying bounties, supporting the 
troops, and other incident charges, — 

Be it further enacted, that the sum of £20,000 be forth- 
with made and struck off from the plates which were used at 
the beginning of the expedition, and signed by the committee 
that signed those bills, and deposited with the general treasu-- 
rer, to be taken, drawn out and used as occasion shall require. 

And be it further enacted, that the bills so emitted, shall, 
pursuant to act of Parliament, be called in and sunk, within 
the space or term of two years from the passing this act, by a 
tax to be assessed and levied upon the inhabitants of this col- 
ony, in the same manner as the tax for sinking the £60,000, 
ordered to be made and struck off by the General Assembly, 
in Marcb last. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the sum of £5,000, be allowed and paid out of the 
general treasury, towards carrying on the building of Fort 
George ; and in case the town of Newport shall, on their own 
proper account, grant the sum of £5,000 towards building said 

VOL. V. 56 



442 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1755. 

fort, that £5,000 more be allowed and paid out of the general 
treasury for the purpose aforesaid, to be added unto the first 
mentioned £5,000. 

An Act to prohibit provisions, or any intelligence from being 

carried to Cape Breton. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the authori- 
ty thereof it is enacted, that if any master of a vessel or oth- 
ers, shall carry or convey any cattle, sheep or provisions, or 
warlike stores of any kind whatever, to the island of Cape 
Breton, or any other French port, or to any part of Newfound- 
land ; or shall carry or convey any intelligence to said island 
of Cape Breton, or to the French in any other place, of the ex- 
peditions carrying on in America, against the French and In- 
dians, on due conviction thereof, such offender or offenders 
shall stand in the pillory for the space of half an hour, and 
have his or their ears cut off, and pay as a fine, for the use of 
the colony, £5,000; and shall be also for ever after rendered 
infamous. 

And to the end that no opportunity may be given to evil 
minded persons to contract for, and to export any provision or 
warlike stores, contrary to the true intent and meaning of this 
act, all His Majesty's peace officers in general, are hereby em- 
powered and strictly required, to take notice of, and examine 
into the conduct of all strangers, and others who they have any 
reason to believe are about to do any thing contrary to this act ; 
and if it shall appear to them needful, to secure any suspected 
person till he enter into recognizance, with good sureties, to do 
nothing contrary to this act ; or if strangers, and can give no 
good account of themselves and business, forthwith to depart 
tliis colony ; and this act shall be forthwith publish^, and be 
in force. 

Whereas, the act of the General Assembly, made in March 
last, entitled " An act to restrain the sending provisions and 
warlike stores, to Cape Breton, or any other port or settlement 
belonging to the French, in North America," and continued by 



I 



1755.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 443 

several subsequent acts, until the rising of this Assembly, will 
necessarily expire without a further continuance ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof it is enacted, that the above mentioned 
act, and every clause therein contained, with all such additions 
as have since at any time, been thereunto made, be, and hereby 
is continued, and shall have full force and effect, until such 
time as this Assembly shall otherwise order. 

And be it further enacted, that no provisions of any kind 
whatever, fish only excepted, shall be exported out of this col- 
ony, in any ship or vessel, more than is barely sufficient for 
victualling such ship's company for the intended voyage ; and 
that if any person or persons shall presume to ship or put on 
board any ship or vessel a greater quantity of any kind of pro- 
visions than is above mentioned, the offender or offenders, con- 
trary to the true intent and meaning of this act, shall forfeit 
all such provisions, together with the ship or vessel on board of 
which they are put or laded ; and all the other goods on board 
such ship or vessel, one half to the use of the colony, and the 
other half to him who shall inform and sue for the same. 

Provided, nevertheless, and it is the true intent and meaning 
of this act, that nothing herein contained shall be construed to 
prohibit the exporting from this colony any cheese, cattle, sheep, 
hogs, or fowls, being alive, with grain sufficient for their support 
on the voyage, to any English port, Newfoundland excepted ; 
provided bond be given agreeably to the above mentioned law, 
nor to obstruct the transporting provisions of any kind froJtn this 
colony to Albany, for the use of the colony's forces, gone, or 
or to be sent on the expedition against Crown Point ; and 
this act shall be forthwith published, and be in force. 

This, and the preceding act, were published according to or- 
der, the 15th day of August, 1755. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Thomas Cranston, James Sheffield and Benja- 
min Nichols, Esqs., or the major part of them, be, and they 
are hereby appointed and fully empowered to settle with Jah- 
leel Brenton, Esq., the controversy which hath so long subsist- 



444 KECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1755. 

ed between the colony and the said Jahleel Brenton, in the 
best manner they can, and receive what shall appear due unto 
the colony from him, giving a full discharge in the colony's 
behalf 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the following vessels shall be, and hereby are 
stopped from going to sea, until further orders, to wit : 

Sloop Hannah, Jonathan Sheldon, master, for Barbadoes, 
with one hundred and twenty sheep, and one hundred geese. 

Sloop Penguin, Job Snell, for Africa, one hundred and twen- 
ty casks, containing flour, beef, pork and butter. 

Sloop Leopard, Edmund Jacklyn, for Barbadoes, two casks 
of rice, forty barrels of beef and pork, and twenty barrels of 
flour. 

Bark Maggot, John Lance, for Barbacloes, forty barrels of 
beef and pork, sixty sheep and seven firkins of butter. 

Sloop Molly, William Earl, for Jamaica, thirty barrels of 
flour, eighty sheep, and five barrels of ham. 

Sloop Herring, Mathew Cozzens, for Jamaica, forty barrels 
of flour, twenty sheep, three tons of bread, five hundred weight 
of cheese, twenty casks of rice, and one hundred geese. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the general treasurer of this colony, and the keep- 
er of the office of the grand committee, prosecute all the defi- 
cient collectors of the rate lately assessed upon the inhabit- 
ants of this colony, in ten days after this present Assembly 
shall rise, to one or more special Courts, as necessity may re- 
quire, to be held in the respective counties where the rates are 
collected; and that all said prosecutors in behalf of the colony, 
have all the benefits and advantages of the law, that enables 
the justices of the inferior courts of common picas to hold spe- 
cial courts on certain occasions. 

Whereas, there are six vessels in the harbor of Newport, 
cleared out for foreign parts, having provisions on board, as 
appears by a list exhibited unto this Assembly, by the col- 
lector, — 

This Assembly therefore, do vote and resolve, and it is voted 



1755.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 445 

and resolved, that the committee of war be, and they are here- 
by authorized and fully empowered to take and detain, for the 
use of the government, so much of those provisions as they 
shall deem necessary to supply the troops by this Assembly 
ordered to be raised, and then give orders unto the ctiptain of 
the fort to permit those vessels to go to sea. 

Whereas, Jean Joyeux, Hubert Castendel and John Gazan, 
subjects of the French king, represented unto this Assembly, 
that they have, for several years last past, resided by times at 
Newport, whither they came with no other view than to trade 
with the English, in a friendly manner ; that their last coming 
was purely to settle their affairs, pay the debts they had con- 
tracted, and then return unto their respective habitations ; but 
that soon after their arrival, they were confined to their lodg- 
ings, and remained so ever since, which hath put it out of 
their power to settle their affairs ; that during their confine- 
ment, they have preferred two petitions unto the committee of 
war, begging leave to go abroad, but unto such parts of the 
town only as