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Full text of "Records of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, in New England"

UNIVERSITY 
OF PITTSBURGH 



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RECORDS 



COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND 



PEOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS, 



NEW ENGLAND. 




PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 



EDITKD BY 



JOHN RUSSELL BARTLETT, 



SF.CRKTARY OF STATE. 



VOL. VI. 



1757 TO 1769. 



PROVIDENCE: 

KNOWLES, ANTHONY & CO., STATE PRINTERS. 
1861. 



Da,r 
v.G 



T 



PUEFAOE 



» 




Thirteen years of the annals of Rhode Island are in- 
cluded in this volume ; i. e. from the year 1757, to the year 
1769, both inclusive. The struggle between Great Britain and 
France for the ascendancy in North America, the beginning of 
which was narrated in the previous volume of these records, is 
continued in this ; indeed, the history of, and correspondence 
connected with, this important event, constitutes the larger por- 
tion of its matter. In the campaigns against the French, on 
the northern frontier, the troops of Rhode Island took an active 
part, as the correspondence of the principal actors in these 
events, will show. The letters of General Lord Amherst, Gen- 
eral Abercrombie,, Lord Loudoun, Admirals Colville, Durell, the 
Commissioners of Trade and Foreign Plantations, William 
Pitt, the Earls of Hillsborough and Egremont, etc., etc., are 
quite numerou's in the volume. Among other topics of inter- 
est to which it has reference, are the campaigns against 
Canada, and the French fortresses at Fort William Henry, Ti- 
conderoga, Oswego, Niagara, etc. 

The particulars connected with the convention of British 
colonies at New York, in the year 1765, in which Rhode Is- 
land took part, with the instructions from the respective 



IV. PREFACE, 

oolonies to their commissioners ; the resolutions passed ; the 
report of the convention ; together with the memorials to the 
King, and Houses of Lords and Commons, — will be found at 
length in this volume. 

The important paper drawn up by Stephen Hopkins, by or- 
der of the General Assembly, in 1764, entitled " The Rights of 
the Colonies Examined," is printed at length. This celebrated 
essay was printed in Providence, and afterwards re-printed in 
London, where it produced a sensation. The events connected 
with the passage of the famous stamp act, by the British Par- 
liament, the resistance to which was but a foreshadowing of 
the more serious resistance which followed a few years later, also 
took place during the period included in this volume, and are 
duly recorded therein. The originals of nearly all the letters 
and documents published in this volume, are among the ar- 
chives of the State. J. II. B. 

Providence, January, 1861. 



RHODE ISLAND llECORDS. 



RHODE ISLAND RECORDS. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colon?/ of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the l^th day 
of January, 1757. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Mr. James Honeyman, 
Mr. Nicholas Easton, 
Mr. Nicholas Cooke, 
Mr. Obadiah Brown, 
Mr. Robert Lawton, 



Mr. Joseph Brownell, Jr., 
Mr. Jeremiah Lippitt, 
Mr. William Richmond, 
Mr. John Congdon, 
Col. Thomas Hazard. 



SECRETARY. 

Mr. Thomas Ward. 

ATTORNEY GENERAL. 

Mr. Daniel Updike. 



GENERAL TREASURER. 

Mr. Thomas Richardson. 



DEPUTIES. 



Neivport. 
Lieut. Col. Benj. Wickham, 
Mr. Thomas Cranston, 
Mr. Peter Bours, 
Capt. Joseph Wanton, Jr., 
Capt. Wm. Mumford, 
Mr. William Read. 



Providence. 
Mr. Elisha Brown, 
Mr. Nicholas Brown, 
Mr. Henry Harris, 
Mr. Georse Brown. 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND 



[1757. 



Portsmouth. 
Mr. Gideon Durfey, 
Mr. Nathan Cliace, 
Mr. Francis Bray ton. 

WanvicJc. 
Col. Benoni Waterman, 
Mr. Daniel Greene, 
Mr. Othniel Gorton, 
Capt. James Greene. 

Westerli/. 
Major Joshua Clarke, 
Mr. Samuel Ward. 

Nei'j SJioreJiam. 
Mr. John Pain. 
Mr. John Littlefield. 

North Kingstown. 
Mr. Thomas Allen, 
Mr. Samuel Albro. 

South Kingstoivn. 
Mr. Jeremiah Niles, 
Mr. Latham Clarke. 

East Greenwich. 
Mr. Joseph Nichols, 
Mr. Thomas Casey. 

Janicstoivn. 
Capt. Wm. Haszard, 
Mr. Edward Carr. 
Smithfield. 
Mr. Thomas Owens, 
Capt. John Sayles, Jr. 

Scttuate. 
Capt. Job Randall, 
Mr. Charles Harris. 



DEPUTIES. 

Glocester. 
Capt. John Smith, 
Mr. Richard Steere. 
Chcuiestoivn. 
Col. Christopher Charaphn, 
Mr. Gideon Iloxie. 

West Greemvich. 
]Mr. Preserved Hall, 
Mr. Samuel Dyer. 
Coventry. 
Mr. Caleb Greene, 
Mr. Job Greene. 
Exeter. 
Capt. John Rejaiolds, 
Capt. Simon Smith. 
Middletoivn. 
Mr. Wiliam Bailey, 
Capt. William Turner. 

Bristol 
Major Thomas Greene, 
Mr. Nathaniel Fales. 

Tiverton. 
Mr. Thomas Howland, 

Little Conipton. 
Mr. Thomas Church. 
jMr. Thomas Brownell, 

Warren. 
Capt. Josiah Humphreys, 
Capt. Benjamin Barton. 

Ciunherland. 
Mr. John Dexter, 
Capt. David Whipple- 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



DEPUTIES. 

Richmond. Cranston. 

Capt. William Clarke, Jr., Mr. John Potter, 

Capt. Peleg Thomas. Mr, Christopher Waterman. 

The Hon. Thomas Cranston, speaker, and Mr. Josias Lyndon, 
clerk. 

Whereas, Samuel Thayer, who was apprehended and brought 
before this Assembly, at their last session, for grossly abusing 
them, has not yet made satisfaction for the same, — 

Be it therefore resolved by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof it is resolved, that the said Samuel 
Thayer be immediately apprehended, and committed to His 
Majesty's jail, in Providence, for his said abuse, and there re- 
main confined, until further orders from this Assembly. 

Whereas, there are divers copper plates in the hands of His 
Honor the Governor, and in the hands of the representatives of 
the late Deputy Governor Nichols, which have been heretofore 
used by the colony, for striking off bills of public credit; and 
also several false and counterfeit copper plates, which have 
been seized, and are now in the hands of some of the public offi- 
cers of this government ; all which said plates, are wholly use- 
less in their present form, — 

This Assembly therefore do vote and resolve, and it is voted 
and resolved, that Peter Bours, Esq., and Mr. William Read 
be, and they are hereby appointed a committee to receive from 
the persons, aforesaid, all and every of the said copper plates, 
and cause them to be defaced, and then delivered unto the 
general treasurer, who is hereby directed to make sale of the 
same, to the best advantage, for the use of the colony. 

Whereas, the committee of war purchased a large quantity 
of pork, of Silas Gardner, some time last spring, as good and 
merchantable Rhode Island and Connecticut pork, for the 
use of the forces raised by this colony, for the Crown Point 



6 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

expedition, which was not merchantable, but very bad Carolina 
pork, and unfit for use, — 

This Assembly therefore do vote and resolve, and it is 
voted and resolved, that the committee of war be, and they 
are hereby, directed and fully empowered to demand of the 
said Silas Gardner, the damages that have accrued by the bad- 
ness of said pork ; and upon his neglecting or refusing to pay 
the same, to prosecute him in the law, in order to recover 
them. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that the committee of war be, and 
they are hereby authorized and fully empowered to draw out 
of the old tenor part of the rate that is now collecting (when 
paid into the general treasury), a sum sufficient to pay off the 
forces that have been raised for the Crown Point expedition. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Nicholas Cooke, Jeremiah Lippitt, Peter Bours, 
George Brown and John Dexter, Esqs., be, and they are ap- 
pointed a committee, to take into consideration His Excellency 
the Earl of Loudoun's letter ; and to draw up a set of instruc. 
tions to be given the commissioners that shall be appointed to 
wait on His Lordship, at the congress in Boston. 

Whereas, information hath been made unto this Assembly, 
that John Wheaton and Daniel Beere, masters of two sloops 
from Warren, having been lately trading with the French, in 
direct violation of a law of this colony, made and passed by 
the General Assembly, at a session holden at Newport, on Mon- 
day, the 6th of September last, entitled " An act for prohibiting 
all trade and commerce with the French," — 

This Assembly therefore do vote and resolve, and it is voted 
and resolved, that Obadiah Brown, Esq., assistant, Daniel 
Jenckes, Esq., chief justice of the inferior court of common 
pleas, and general sessions of the peace, within and for the 
county of Providence ; and Thomas Greene, Esq., one of the 
justices of the inferior court of common pleas, and general ses- 
sions of the peace, Avithin and for the county of Bristol, be, and 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 7 

they, or the major part of them, are hereby appointed a com- 
mittee, with full power to act, and immediately put forth a 
warrant, directed to the sheriff of the county of Providence, 
commanding him to go forthwith and make diligent search for 
all persons concerned in the matter, aforesaid ; as also for the 
vessels employed therein, together with the goods imported by 
them ; and all when found, to seize and safely secure, until this 
whole affair shall be fully inquired into, and lawfully de- 
termined. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that James Honeyman, Esq., Lieut. Col. Benjamin Wick- 
ham, Joseph Nichols, Esq., and Mr. Nicholas Brown, be, and 
they are hereby, constituted a committee to take into consid- 
eration a letter from the board of trade, to this colony, respect- 
ing the commerce and traffic carried on to the neutral ports, 
&c. ; and make report unto this Assembly, as soon as conven- 
iently may be. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that £200 be allowed and paid out of the general 
treasury unto Mr. George Hopkins, for his time, trouble and 
expense in going to and fetching from New York, the silver 
and gold, granted by His Majesty to this colony. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that in case the method already prescribed for raising 
money, to pay what the colony owes to the estate of Hans 
Hansen, late of Albany, Esq., deceased, should fail, that then 
the committee of war be, and hereby are, directed to pay that 
debt, in the most frugal manner, and to the best advantage of 
the colony they can. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Mr. Giles Russel, be allowed and paid the sum of 
£38 per month, for acting as lieutenant from the date of his 
commission, besides adjutant's pay, in the late expedition 
against Crown Point. 

An Act for reviving and lengthening the time of drawing the 
fortification lottery. 



8 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757 

Whereas, the time for clrawmg the first class of the lottery 
opened and set up by the government, for raising a sum of 
money to carry on the building of Fort George, on Goat 
Island, in the township of Newport, hath elapsed, and the same 
remains yet undrawn, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof it is enacted, that the said lottery be, 
and it is hereby revived ; and that the drawing of the said first 
class be postponed until Monday, the 21st of February next, 
when the same is hereby directed to be drawn ; and that all the 
tickets, which, at that time, may remain unsold, shall be taken 
by the colony, provided they do not exceed one thousand in 
number, — including those that the general treasurer was, by 
the General Assembly, at their last session, directed to pur- 
chase upon the colon3^'s account and risk. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
if the first class of the lottery aforesaid, be not drawn upon 
the said 21st day of February, that the money received by the 
directors shall be restored unto the persons who purchased 
tickets, upon their returning the same. 

AVhereas, the major part of the committee that was appointed 
to audit the accounts charged against this colony, by Hans 
Hansen, late of Albany, Esq., deceased, having performed that 
service, reported as followeth, to wit : 

Pipport of the Committee. 

We, the subscribers, being appointed a committee, by the 
General Assembly, to audit the account of Hans Hansen, late 
of the city of Albany, Esq., deceased, have taken upon us the 
consideration of that affair, and finding the articles charged in 
said accounts well vouched, — in consequence thereof, report, 
that the balance struck in said account, is justly due to the 
representatives of the said Hans Hansen. 

OBADJAH BROWN, LATHAM CLARKE, 

THOS. GREENE, ELISHA BROWN. 

Providence, January 10, 1757. 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 9 

And this Assembly, having taken said report into consid- 
eration, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
same be, and hereby is accepted ; and that the balance of the 
aforesaid accounts, being £739 16s. 3d., New York currency, 
be paid the executor of the aforesaid Hans Hansen, out of the 
general treasury. 

Whereas, the gentlemen that were appointed to take His 
Excellency the Earl of Loudoun's letter into consideration, and 
draw up some instructions to be given the committee that shall 
be by this Assembly appointed to wait on His Lordship, at the 
approaching congress, in Boston, having performed that ser- 
vice, made the following report: 

Report of the Committee concerning Commissioners to meet Lord 
Loudoun, in Boston. 

We, the subscribers, being appointed by the Honorable 
General Assembly, a committee to take into consideration 
Lord Loudoun's letter, and to draw up some instructions for 
the government of such commissioners as shall be appointed to 
wait on His Lordship, at the congress, report : 

1. That three commissioners wait on His Lordship. 

2. That they join the commissioners from the other govern- 
ments, and desire His Lordship to inform them what number 
of men and warlike stores he will want to execute his plan. 

3. That they represent to His Lordship a true state of this 
colony's circumstances and abilities, and to know of him what 
proportion of men to the whole, His Lordship expects from this 
colony. 

4. That they agree, in behalf of this colony, to furnish His 
Lordship with such an aid or number of men, as they judge 
this colon}^ can afford under its present circumstances, and the 
nature of the expedition may require. 

JEREMIAH LIPPITT, 
By order, and in behalf of the committee. 

VOL. VI. 2 



10 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

And now, this Assembly having taken the said report into 
consideration, and duly examined it, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
same be, and is hereby accepted. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the articles following be, and they are hereby, 
made instructions to the gentlemen who shall be appointed 
commissioners on the part of this colony, to wait upon His Ex- 
cellency the Earl of Loudoun, at the congress of the Governors 
and commissioners of the .New England colonies, to be holden 
at Boston, on the 13th day of this instant January: 

Instructions to the Rhode Island Commissioners to the Congress 
at Boston. 

1. You are to proceed to Boston immediately ; and upon 
your arrival, to wait upon His Excellency Lord Loudoun, and 
join the Governors and commissioners that may be there, from 
the other governments, at the congress. 

2. You are to lay an exact state of this colony, before His 
Excellency, as to its fortification, cannon, warlike and military 
stores ; the number of inhabitants, the state of the treasury, 
and funds for supplying it. 

3. That you beg His Lordship to lay the defenceless con- 
dition of this colony before His Majesty, in the most favorable 
light. 

4. That you pray His Lordship to afford the colony such 
an allowance for the provisions and warlike stores furnished 
by us to the provincial forces the year past, as may be agreea- 
ble to His Majesty's gracious intentions, signified to us by his 
secretary of state. 

Whereas, Walter Chaloner, of Newport, in the county of 
Newport, gentleman, hath sustained several commissions in 
this colony ; and more especially one in His Majesty's Ameri- 
can regiment, in the expedition against Carthagena, to which 
he was appointed by this government, and hath in all acquitted 
himself to their satisfaction ; on consideration whereof, — 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 11 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the commissioners that shall be appointed to wait 
upon His Excellency the Earl of Loudoun, at the ensuing con- 
gress in Boston, be, and they are hereby, directed to recom- 
mend the said Walter Chaloner to His Lordship, as a gentle- 
man that may deserve his favor. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that His Honor the Governor be, and he hereby is, re- 
quested to furnish the commissioners that shall be appointed to 
wait upon His Excellency the Earl of Loudoun, with all such 
papers and accounts as His Honor shall think necessary to be 
laid before His Lordship, or cause the same to be done in 
such a manner as he shall think proper. 

An Act for prohibiting the exportation of provisions from any 
port or place within this colony, to any Dutch or neutral 
ports. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that from and after the publication 
of this act, the collector of His Majesty's customs in the port 
of Newport, clear out no ship or vessel until the master thereof 
enter into bonds, with two sureties inhabiting within this colo- 
ny, and of sufficient abilities, unto the said collector, in his said 
capacity, to the value of £1,000 sterling, if the said ship or 
vessel be of less burthen than one hundred tons, and of £2,000, 
sterling, if above that burthen ; that the cargo of said ship or 
vessel (the particulars of which shall be expressed in the 
bonds), shall not be landed in any other port or place than 
such as belongs to His Majesty, or is in possession of His Maj- 
esty's subjects ; and that they will, within twelve months after 
the date thereof, (the danger of the seas excepted), produce 
certificates, under the hands and seals of the principal officers 
of the customs of such port or place, for which such ship or 
vessel cleared out, or some other English port, that the said 
cargo, expressing the particulars thereof, hath actually been 
landed there ; and when there shall be cause to suspect that 
such certificates are false or counterfeit, the said collector shall 



12 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

not cancel or vacate said bonds till he make further inquiry, 
and receive good information from the said principal officers of 
the customs, that the matter and contents thereof are just and 
true. 

And in case the master or owners of such ship or vessel 
not shall produce the said certificates within the time limited, the 
said collector shall put in suit and prosecute such bonds ; and 
the collector is hereby further ordered and directed, not to re- 
ceive any person as surety for another, who hath bonds stand- 
ing out undischarged, unless he be esteemed responsible for 
more than the value of such bond. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
if any master or owner, or any ship or vessel, shall wittingly 
or willingly suffer any collusive capture to be made of such 
cargos, aforesaid, he shall forfeit all his or their real and per- 
sonal estates to, and for the use of His Majesty, upon con- 
viction thereof, in any of His Majesty's courts of record 
in this colony. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
no ship or vessel shall be cleared out to any port or place that 
is not subject to His Majesty, unless the master of such ship 
or vessel shall make oath or affirmation before some one assist, 
ant, or one of the judges of the superior or inferior courts, that 
he hath not on board, and that he neither will take on board, 
nor suffer to be taken on board his ship, or vessel, any other or 
greater share or quantity of provisions than will be necessary 
for himself and his mariners during his intended voyage ; a 
particular account of which quantity of provisions shall be 
sworn or affirmed to, and a certificate thereof from such offi- 
cer, be received by the said collector ; any law, custom, or 
usage to the contrary hereof, in any wise, notwithstanding. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Col. Benjamin Wickham and Mr. Elisha Brown, 
be, and they are, and each of them is, hereby appointed a com- 
mittee, to inquire where a suitable vessel may be either 
bought or hired, to be made use of for the defence of the colo- 
ny, and make report unto this Assembly at their next session. 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 13 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Mr. Jos. Sheldon be, and he hereby is, appointed to 
finish the pest houses in Providence, at the charge of the colony. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that George Brown, Esq. and Mr. Samuel Ward be, 
and they are hereby, appointed a committee to prepare a bill 
to prevent soldiers, servants, apprentices, and so forth, being 
carried off to sea, and present the same unto this Assembly, at 
their next session. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Messrs. George Brown and Nicholas Brown be, 
and they are hereby, appointed a committee to inspect all the 
laws of this colony, prohibiting the exportation of provisions 
out of the same ; and compare them with the acts made and 
passed this session, and make report unto this Assembly, at 
their next session. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that The Honorable the Speaker of the lower house, 
Peter Bours, and James Sheffield, Esqs., be, and they, or the 
major part of them, are hereby appointed a committee to re- 
ceive of the general treasurer, all the bills of public credit 
emitted by this colony, called Crown Point bills, which he hath 
taken, or may receive in exchange for their silver and gold 
deposited in his hands, for that purpose, and burn the same 
from time to time, as he shall think proper. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, chose 
and appointed His Honor the Governor, James Honeyman and 
George Brown, Esqs,, commissioners on the part of this colony, 
to wait upon His Excellency the Earl of Loudoun, at the ap- 
proaching congress, in Boston. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that The Honorable the Speaker of the lower house, 
and Peter Bours, Esq., be, and they are hereby, appointed to 
wait on Capt. Peter Harrison, and render him the thanks of 
this government for all favors they have received from him ; 
and in particular, for the two plans of the fort ; and to request 
him to lend another of the said plans unto the commissioners, 



14 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

appointed to wait on His Excellency the Earl of Loudoun, at 
the congress in Boston. 

This Assembly having duly considered^ do approve the 
draught that hath been made and presented unto them for the 
form of a commission to be issued unto His Honor the Gov- 
ernor, James Honeyman and George Brown, Esqs., whom this 
Assembly have chosen and appointed to wait upon His Ex- 
cellency the Earl of Loudoun. 

Whereas, Thomas Ninegret and several others, being part 
of the tribe of Indians living in Charlestown, preferred a peti- 
tion and represented unto this Assembly, that the said town of 
Charlestown, at a late quarter meeting, where but a small 
number of freemen were present, passed a vote obliging the 
said Indians to pay a part of the said town's proportion of the 
colony rate, which at this time is collecting ; and accordingly 
the rate makers have assessed them, and all the other Indians of 
the said town ; which being unusual, and, as they apprehend, 
a grievance, especially as they support their own poor without 
putting the town to any expense ; wherefore, they prayed to be 
relieved in such a way as may be thought proper ; on consid- 
eration whereof, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof, it is enacted, that the tribe of Indians, afore- 
said, be, and they are hereby,, exempted from paying any share 
or part of the rate or tax, aforesaid ; and that the rate makers 
of the said town of Charlestown, be, and they hereby are, directed 
and required to assess that part of the said town's proportion 
upon the white inhabitants, that hath already been assessed 
upon the Indians of the said town. 

God save the King, 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 15 



Proceedings of the General Assemlli/, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the 26z'/« 
day of January, 1757. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, Samuel Thayer, who was apprehended and brought 
before this Assembly, at their session in November last, for 
grossly abusing them, has not yet made satisfaction for the 
same ; — 

This Assembly therefore do vote and resolve, and it is voted 
and resolved, that the said Sam'l Thayer be immediately appre- 
hended, by a warrant from the secretary, and committed to His 
Majesty's jail, in Providence, there to remain, and be confined 
for his said abuse, until further orders from this Assembly. 

Whereas, the gentlemen that were appointed a committee to 
make the draught of an answer to the letter sent this Assem- 
bly, by His Honor the Governor, from the congress, at Boston 
have performed that service, and laid the same before this 
Assembly ; who having duly considered it, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
said draught be, and is hereby approved ; and that a fair copy 
be thereof made, in order to its being signed by His Honor the 
Deputy Governor, and sent to Boston. 

God save the King. 

Lord Loudoun to the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

Boston, Saturday, 29th January, 1757. 
Gentlemen : — You must be very sensible that the measures taken the last year, 
for the preservation of His Majesty's dominions and colonies upon this continent, 
and for the annoyance of His Majesty's enemies, have proved ineffectual ; and in- 
stead of removing the French from any of their encroachments, we have suffered 
them to make considerable advances upon us. 



16 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

I shall put you in mind of some of the proceedings, to which, I apprehend, your 
misfortunes may be, in a great measure, attributed. 

"When I left London, which was on the 1 7th of May, the ministry had received 
no intelhgence of the determination of any of the governments to prosecute an 
expedition against Crown Point ; although this determination had been made by the 
Massachusetts, the 16th of February; and I cannot account for this neglect in those 
whose duty it was to have given the earhest advice that might be. The want 
of this advice, rendered it impossible for me to receive any order with immediate 
rela'tion to your resolutions. 

Upon my arrival at Albany, I found that your forces fell very much short of the 
number you had agreed to raise, and which you thought necessar}^ for the service ; 
and from the best information I could get, the troops in general were not equal to 
those which you always had employed on former occasions. I could not, therefore, 
think it advisable for them to proceed, without the assistance of part of His Majes- 
ty's regular troops. 

I met with unexpected chfficulties, and was much retarded in settling the con- 
nection between the regulars and the provincials ; and before it could be fully el- 
feeted, and any proceedings had in consequence of it, I received the news of the 
surrender of the forts and garrison at Oswego, and all His Majesty's possessions 
upon the lakes, to the French. 

The true state and circumstances of these forts and garrisons, were never repre- 
sented to me by my predecessors. I had good reason to think that the enemy, 
flushed with success, would make an attack upon the provincial forces. I immedir 
ately wrote to the several governors, and demanded an aid, suitable to the state of 
their affairs ; what success I had, you very well know. There was in some of you 
a profession of readiness to afford assistance, and the show and appearance of it 
in the votes of your Assembly ; but it turned out, in fact, that the attempts to car- 
ry those votes into execution, were defeated and proved ineffectual. 

Some time after I had applied to the several governments for aid, it pleased God 
that the recruits from London and the Highlands arrived, and I Avas able to collect 
a greater number of the recruits raised for the royal American regiment, than I 
had any hopes of being able to collect at that season of the year ; all which I im- 
mediately joined to the regular troops ; and as many of them as could be spared, I 
marched for the strengthening and for the security of the provincial forces. 

I have since received certain intelligence that I was not mistaken in my appre- 
hensions of the designs of the French ; and that it was the accounts which they re- 
ceived from their scouts and spies, of the actual march of the regulars, the number 
of which was reported to be greater than it really was, which diverted them from 
the resolutions wliich they had formed ; what the event of such an attack would 
have been, God only knows. I was extremely anxious about it, and I have the 
greatest nsason to tliiuk, that if it liad been made upon the provincials alone, it 
would have been followed with very fatal consequences. 

Your forces, after this, by sickness or desertion, or both, were daily diminished ; 
the season was so far advanced that I had no further thouglits of any offensive 
measures against the enemy, and I determined that as soon as they withdrew, the pro- 
vincials should be dismissed ; and that the charge wliich the several governments 
were at for their pay, should cease as soon as possible. 

This has been the state and progress of your affairs the year past ; I hope, gen- 
tlemen, that under tlie guidance and blessing of Divine Providence, the plan of op- 
eration for another year will br better prosecuted. 



1757.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 17 



I have desired a meeting of your several governments, by tlieir governors and 
commissioners, at this time, in order to their determining what number of men they 
■will raise, to be employed in conjunction with His Majesty's regular forces, the en- 
suing year. 

Considering the vast expense of supporting so large a number of ti'oops as are 
employed by His Majesty, for the protection of his colonies, the burthen whereof 
you bear no part in, you cannot think much of contributing so small a proportion 
towards your own defence, as I now require of you ; for could I be assured of 
four thousand good, efiective men, to be raised by the four governments of New 
England, in such proportion as you shall settle amongst yourselves, I would not 
urge you to go beyond that number. 

I must recommend to you the giving better encouragement to your officers, than 
you have formerly done, which may be an inducement to persons who shall be 
equal to their posts, and who Avill preserve order and discipline, to engage in the 
service ; and I think if some part of your mens' pay were converted into a fund to 
assist in giving them necessary clothing, it would be of great use. 

The particular place or service in which I must employ these forces, it is not in 
my power to communicate to you. I wait for answers to my letters gone to Eng- 
land, before I can fully determine upon it myself; but if you were to wait until I 
receive them, before you procceed to raise the men, it would be too late to do it for 
the service of this year. 

Besides, gentlemen, great inconvanience must arise fi-om making my design pub- 
lic ; and I know of no advantage which can accrue Ironi it. The confining your 
men to any particular service, appears to me to be a preposterous measure. Our 
affairs are not in a situation to make it reasonable for any colony to be influ- 
enced by its particular interest. The question is in what way and manner the 
whole may be secured, and the common enemy of all most effectually annoyed. 
This is the point I must keep in view, and no consideration will prevail with me 
to depart from it. 

You may depend upon my treating your men with all that tenderness and indul- 
gence which will consist with necessary order and discipline ; and that I will em- 
ploy them, whenever there shall be room for it, in such services as shall be most 
suitable to their genius, and the way and manner of fighting to which they have 
been used ; and that they shall be discharged, at furthest, at the expiration of the 
term for which they are raised ; and as much sooner as the ser\'ice will admit. 
But to engage that I will employ them in this or that particular place only, it is 
what I cannot do upon any terms ; for I think it would be sure to be more prejudi- 
cial to the public than the whole Denefit which we may expect from the provincial 
forces would countervail. 

I do not thus express myself to you, gentlemen, because I think it a matter of 
but little consequence whether you afford me aid or not. No, I think it of such mo- 
ment, that you would never be able to atone for a refusal. I hope, therefore, you 
will spare no time upon this point ; but will, without delay, determine upon a com- 
pliance with my proposal to you, that so we maj' begin our preparations this year 
earlier than we have ever done before. 

I ever am, with great regard, gentlemen, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, LOUDOUN. 

To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 
VOL. VL 3 



18 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 



Proceedings of the General Assemlli/ , held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the \st day 
in Felruary^ 1757. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, Edward Scott, Esq., Messrs. Joseph Jacob, Daniel 
Ayrault, and others, preferred a petition and represented unto 
this Assembly, that they have lent the colony several sums of 
money, when the government hath been under great necessity 
thereof; that they have taken the general treasurer's bonds for 
the same, most of which are now due ; but they cannot obtain 
either principal or interest ; that they look upon this as a very 
great hardship, especially as bills of credit have greatly de- 
preciated since they parted with their money, and so forth ; 
and upon the whole, prayed, that, as it is not in the treasurer's 
power to pay them, at this juncture, the sums due to them, re- 
spectively, may be settled, and the money stated at the real 
value it bore when they supplied the colony ; that the treasu- 
rer may be directed to renew his bonds accordingly ; and that 
upon a compliance with these terms, they will be content with 
interest, at and after the rate of six per cent, per annum ; on 
consideration whereof, — 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the general treasurer be, and he hereby is, directed 
to pay the petitioners their respective debts as soon as monies 
come into his hands. 

Whereas, Mr. William Eead exhibited unto this Assembly, 
an account charged against the colony, for work done by him- 
self and servants at Fort George, for sundry disbursements in 
furnishing materials to carry on said work, for his commis- 
sions, and so forth ; and this Assembly having taken said ac^ 
cpynt into consideration, and duly examined it,—- 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 19 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that 
£2,032 25. 8d., of the balance, as stated by the said William 
Read, be allowed and paid him out of the general treasury ; 
the commissions by him charged having been deducted at the 
time said allowance was made. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Stephen Rawson be, and he is hereby, chosen lieu- 
tenant of the first company or trained band, in the town of 
Providence, in the room of William Donnison, who is gone to 
sea ; and Knight Dexter, ensign of said company, in the room 
of Mr. Rawson, advanced as above. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the magistrates and deputies shall have an allow- 
ance made them for their extraordinary services in attending 
on the General Assembly since last October, and unto the end 
of this present session ; that is to say : each magistrate shall 
be allowed six shillings lawful money, per day, out of the gen- 
eral treasury : and each deputy the sum of five shillings of 
the like money, per day, to be paid him by the town that he 
represents ; and that the secretary and clerk of the lower 
house, make out tickets accordingly. 

Protest. 

We, the subscribers, dissent from the annexed vote, for the 
following reasons : 

1. Because the government is greatly in debt. 

2. For there is a great dispute in many toAvns for their 
deputies ; and that there are enough willing to go without 
pay. 

3. That there was but one more than a quorum in the 
house, when said vote was passed ; so that on the whole, we 
are of opinion that the same ought not to pass as a general 
act. ELISHA BROWN, 

THOMAS OWEN. 

Whereas, this Assembly have been informed that several 



20 EECOKDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

of the soldiers that went in the late expedition against Crown 
Point, have behaved very badly ; some having sold, and others 
retained the colony's arms ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the deputies of each 
respective town in this colony be, and they are hereby ap- 
pointed and fully empowered to inquire into that afiliir ; to seize 
all small arms that they shall suspect to belong unto the colony ; 
to examine all persons in whose hands they shall be found ; 
how they came by them, and return their names unto the Gen- 
eral Assembly ; and also to take up and secure all soldiers 
who have sold or detained any of the colony's arms. 

Whereas, information hath been made by the oath of Daniel 
Wall, that John Wheaton, of Warren, hath greatly abused and 
threatened the members of this Assembly ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the said John Whea- 
ton be immediately apprehended by a warrant, to be issued 
by the secretary, and directed to the sheriff of the county of 
Providence ; and that the said John Wheaton be brought be- 
fore this Assembly, and held to answer for his said misde- 
meanor. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the committee of war and commissary, lay all their 
accounts, since the last audit, before the General Assembly, at 
their next session. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the sloop in which John Wheaton lately came from 
sea, and the goods that were brought therein, which were 
seized by the sheriff of the county of Providence, be dis- 
charged. 

Whereas, His Honor the Governor, James Honeyman and 
George Brown, Esqs., who were appointed by the General As- 
sembly to wait on His Excellency the Earl of Loudoun, at the 
congress in Boston, having performed that service, presented 
this Assembly with a report of their conduct on that occasion ; 
which being read and duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that their said report be, and the 
same is hereby accepted. 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 21 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that His Honor the Governor be, and he hereby is, re- 
quested to give the commissary orders to prepare the accounts 
of provisions and transportation furnished by this colony, in 
the last expedition against Crown Point, that the same may be 
presented unto Mr. Kilby, agent victualler, in order for pay- 
ment. 

This Assembly do vote, resolve, and declare, and it is voted 
resolved and declared, that it is the true intent and meaning 
of the charter which was granted unto this colony, by King 
Charles the Second, on the 8th day of July, 1663, that not- 
withstanding it is necessary there should be seven members of 
the upper house present to make a quorum for doing public 
business, yet the Governor, Deputy Governor, or any one or 
more of the assistants, have, and always had power to adjourn 
that house from day to day^ until there should appear a num- 
ber sufficient for doing business ; and for exacting a strict at- 
tendance of the members of the upper house, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that from and after the publication 
of this act, every member of said house, who shall not give his 
personal attendance on the first day that now is, or may here- 
after be appointed for opening and holding any future session 
of the General Assembly, shall forfeit and pay as a fincj the sum 
of £10, old tenor, to be disposed of for the colony's use, unless 
he is able to make a satisfactory excuse for his absence. 

Whereas, the General Assembly, at a session begun and 
holden at Newport, within and for the colony, aforesaid, on the 
third Tuesday of June, 1728, made and passed "An act for the 
preservation of deer in this colony," and thereby imposed a fine 
of £6 upon every person that should be guilty of breaking 
said act ; which fine hath been found insufficient, since the de- 
preciation of the paper currency ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof it is enacted, that from and after the pub- 
lication of this act, the fine of all such as shall transgress or 



22 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

Tiolate the law, or act aforesaid, be, and hereby is, augmented 
to £4:, lawful money. 

Whereas, the sheriff of the county of Providence hath re- 
turned the precept issued by the secretary against John 
Wheaton, of Warren, for abusing this Assembly greatly, and 
threatening the members thereof; and the said John Wheaton 
is not to be found within his precinct ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that a new warrant be given 
out by the secretary, and directed to the sheriff of the county of 
Bristol, or his deputy, requiring him to apprehend the said 
John Wheaton, and bring him before this Assembly, at their 
next session. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Messrs. John Cole and Nich. Brown, of Providence, 
be, and they are hereby, appointed a committee to audit the ac- 
counts of Capt. Joseph Olney, and all other accounts of charges 
relating to the soldiers of fehirley's and Pepperell's regiment, 
who lately passed through Providence, and make report unto 
this Assembly at their next session. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that a sloop of war, not exceeding the burthen of one 
hundred and twenty tons, be built and completed, to guard the 
coast of this colony ; and that a committee be appointed for 
that purpose. 

An Act for raising, clothing and paying four hundred and fifty 

able bodied, effective men, for the ensuing campaign against 

His Majesty's enemies in North American. 

Whereas, His Excellency the Earl of Loudoun, commander 
in chief of all His Majesty's forces in North America, hath de. 
manded of this colony an aid of four hundred and fifty able 
bodied, effective men,- to be employed in His Majesty's service, 
for, and during the ensuing campaign, in North America ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and 
by the authority thereof it is enacted, that four hundred and 
fifty able bodied effective men, including officers, be forthwith 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 23 

raised in this colony, to be employed in His Majesty's service, 
under the immediate command and direction of His Excellency 
the Earl of Loudoun, for, and during a term of time, not ex- 
ceeding one year ; and that they be formed into five compa- 
nies ; for every one of which, shall be appointed one captain, 
two lieutenants, and one ensign ; and the whole to be 
commanded by one other officer, to be appointed by this As- 
sembly. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
there be one surgeon appointed for the said five companies, 
with an allowance of £180, old tenor, for his monthly pay; 
and also, that the officers shall be paid in bills of public credit, 
of the old tenor, as follows, viz. : 

Each captain, £140 ; each first lieutenant, £100 ; each sec- 
ond lieutenant, £90 ; and each ensign, £80 per month ; and 
that each enlisting officer shall be allowed forty shillings for 
every able bodied effective man he shall enlist. 

And for the more easy and expeditious raising said 
men, — 

Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
every able bodied effective man, who shall voluntarily en- 
list, shall receive a bounty of £30, old tenor, and a good 
blanket, at the time of his enlisting ; and be paid £25, old 
tenor, per month, during the time he continues in this service ; 
and also shall be entitled to the same privileges, benefits and 
immunities that were given or granted to the soldiers raised 
for the first expedition against Crown Point ; and that every 
apprentice, upon enlisting, shall receive the whole bounty and 
half the wages due at his return ; and the master shall receive 
the other half 

And the wages of the non-commissioned officers shall be aug- 
mented in the same proportion with those of the common sol- 
diers; provided, that no commissioned officer be exempted from 
an arrest by any writ, or process, whether original or judicial ; 
but shall be liable to both, as if he had never entered into the 
service. 



24 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the committee of war be, and they hereby, are directed and 
fully empowered to draw out of the general treasury, so much 
money as will be necessary for the enlisting officers that may 
be appointed by the General Assembly, to pay the bounty ; 
and also to pay the advance wages to the soldiers ; and to do 
every requisite on the part of the colony, relative to this ex- 
pedition. 

Provided, that the said committee of war shall not advance 
to any soldier more than one month's pay, until he is clothed 
as follows, viz. : with three good shirts, two pair of good stock- 
ings, two pair of good shoes, one good watch-coat, and other 
clothes, that are sound and whole. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin Wickham, Lieutenant Colonel 
John Andrews, Col. William Pendleton, Col. Benoni Water- 
man, and Major Thomas Greene, be, and they are hereby ap- 
pointed muster masters, in the several counties ; and are di- 
rected and fully empowered to reject all persons that they 
shall judge not effective, and unsuitable for the service ; and 
also to examine and take care that each soldier be clothed as 
above directed ; and in case any of the soldiers be not so 
clothed, the respective muster masters shall certify unto the 
committee of war what clothes each man wants ; and said com- 
mittee is hereby directed to supply him with every thing neces- 
sary to complete his clothing, in the cheapest manner ; and for 
that purpose, make use of as many of the clothes now belong- 
ing to the colony, as they can ; and that the expense of the 
clothing be charged to each soldier's account, and deducted 
from his wages when they afterwards become due. 

And be it further enacted by the authority, aforesaid, that 
His Honor the Governor, commissionate all officers that shall 
be appointed in consequence of this act, and issue orders for 
marching the troops in such manner and at such times, as His 
Excellency the Earl of Loudoun, may request. 

And in order to supply the treasury with money to defray 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 25 

the expenses that shall or may accrue to, or fall upon this colo- 
ny, with regard to what they have undertaken for His Majes- 
ty's service in the ensuing campaign, — 

Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the general treasurer be, and he hereby is, directed and fully 
empowered to hire upon the best terms he can, the sum of 
£60,000, old tenor, on tlie colony's credit, for the space of six 
months ; and that a suitable committee be appointed to assist 
him in doing the same. 

And for re-paying the said sum of £60,000, and to answer 
the purposes of government, — 

Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that a 
rate or tax, of £100,000, old tenor, be assessed upon the in- 
habitants of this colony, to be levied, collected, and brought 
into the general treasury, on or before the last day of Decem- 
ber next. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that in case it shall so happen that 
the four hundred and fifty men demanded of this government, 
by His Excellency the Earl of Loudoun, and now ordered to 
be raised, should not be made up, and completed before the 
next session of this Assembly, the deficiency shall be propor- 
tioned unto the several towns in this colony, so that the num- 
ber demanded, may be ready to march at the time His Lordship 
hath appointed, that every inhabitant who enlisteth, shall be deem- 
ed and taken to be one of the numbers which the town he be- 
longs to is obliged to furnish ; that every transient person who 
may be enlisted, shall be taken and deemed to be one of the 
number that the town, where he enlists, ought to supply ; and 
that an enlisting officer be appointed in every town, where an 
officer to go in the expedition shall not be chosen. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, chose 
officers to command the troops ordered to be raised for the en- 
duing campaign, as followeth, to wit : 

Samuel Angel, Esq., chief officer. 

VOL. VL 4 



26 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

Cajytains. 
Capt. George Gardner, Jr., of the first company. 
Capt. John Potter, Jr., " second " 

Capt. John Whiting, " third 

Capt. Jeremiah Greene, " fourth " 

Mr. Daniel Hall, " fifth 

First Lieutenants. 
Mr. Christopher Hargill, of the first company. 
Mr. Elkanah Spear, " second " 

Mr. James Tew, Jr., " third " 

Mr. Giles Russell, " fourth " 

Mr. Nathaniel Peck, " fifth " 

Second Lieutenants. 
Mr. Isaac Wilbore, Jr., of the first company. 
Mr. Mark Noble, second " 

Mr. George Shearman, third " 

Mr. Samuel Hearn, fourth " 

Mr. Edward Talbee, fifth '< 

Ensigns. 
Mr. Israel Peck, of the first company. 
Mr. Sam'l Saunders, " second " 
Mr. Amos Whiting, " third " 
Mr, Jeof Wilcox, Jr.,« fourth « 
Mr. Abel Gibbs, " fifth « 
Mr. Christopher Nichols, surgeon's mate. 

The gentlemen, whose names are set down in the following 
list, were chosen enlisting officers for the several towns in 
which no commissioned officer hath been appointed ; 

Portsmouth— Capt. Benjamin Cornell. 
Warwick — Capt. James Arnold, Jr. 
South Kingstown — Mr. Nathaniel Helme, 
Jamestown — Capt. Samuel Slocum. 
Scituate — Capt. Christopher Relph. 
GJocester — Capt. Israel Sayles. 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 27 

West Greenwich — Capt. Clarke Rogers. 
Tiverton — Capt. Isaac Manchester. 
Richmond — Capt. Nicholas Larkin. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Obadiah Brown, Esq., George Brown, Esq., and 
Mr. Joseph Sheldon, be, and they are hereby, appointed a com- 
mittee to build the sloop, by this Assembly ordered to be built, 
for guarding the coast of this colony ; and that they charge 
nothing for their time and trouble. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Mr. William Read be allowed interest- at the rate 
of ten per cent, per annum, for the money due to him from the 
colony, upon the balance of his account of charges for carrying 
on the fortification upon Goat Island, in the township of New- 
port ; the computation whereof, to commence the 8th of May 
last. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the secretary be, and he is hereby, directed to send, 
within ten days after the rising of this Assembly, a copy of the 
act for taking a true account of the value of all ratable estates 
and the number of ratable polls within this colony, unto the 
persons appointed to perform said service ; that is to say, a 
copy unto each and every town. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the present committee of war, be, and they hereby 
are, continued unto the next session of the General Assembly, 
with the same power and authority, that they heretofore have 
had ; and that, for all business by them in the mean time done, 
they be allowed and paid what the General Assembly shall 
think proper to allow ; and His Honor the Governor is hereby 
requested to put out a proclamation agreeably with the act for 
raising the four hundred and fifty men demanded of the colo- 
ny, by His Excelleny the Earl of Loudoun. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the committee of war be, and they hereby are, ap. 



28 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

pointed to assist the general treasurer in procuring the money 
he is directed to hire for the use of the colony. 
God save the Kino-. 



The Rhode Island Commissioners at the Congress, in Boston, to 
Governor Hopkins. 



Boston, February 3, 1757. 

Sir : — Upon our coming to Boston, we have flattered ourselves we should soon 
have been able to have given The Honorable Assembly a satisfactory account of 
the execution of the trust with which we were charged ; but, by daily experience, 
found that our hopes and expectations were not well founded ; and after having 
spent a whole week in idleness, the Connecticut commissioners were pleased to 
come in. 

Immediately on which, the commissionei's of the several governments were 
directed to attend on the Earl of Loudoun, to receive His Lordship's demand, 
respecting the raising men in the several governments, a copy whereof comes ac- 
companied with this ; since which, we have suffered no opportunity to slip to bring 
the matter to its desired issue. 

In order to which, we have laid before the other commissioners, our instructions ; 
at the same time, insisted upon having their authority. 

The first province, although their General Court Avas here in being, did not, nor 
would not, till Tuesday last, give their commissioners any authority. The colony 
of Connecticut p-oduced theirs, and is ucarlj^ similar to that given to us. The pro- 
vince of the New Hampshire sent none ; indeed, a gentleman appeared by a warrant 
from the Governor of that province, to represent him, on account of his inability to 
attend as Governor ; but had no authority from the government to stipulate or 
agree for any proportion of men ; thus the matters stand, with regard to the several 
commissions. 

We have, in order to come at the just proportion of men, laid before the com- 
missioners the honest numbers of our inhabitants ; and likewise insisted on their 
producing the returns of their numbers, but all to no purpose. The commissioners 
of the province told us, that returns were made and delivered to Gov. Shirley, but 
they were lost or mislaid, and could not be found. Those of Connecticut made an- 
swer, that it was through great forgctfulness, they left theirs at home. The person 
representing the Governor of New Hampshire, made the lilce excuse ; so that from 
this conduct, it will be no hard matter to determine the inequality of any agreement 
or stipulation for the proportion of men. 

We have laid before the Earl of Loudoun, our readiness in behalf of our colony, 
to raise our proportion of men, when compared with the inhabitants of the other 
colonies. The commissioners of the Province proposed to raise, as their proportion,, 
seventeen hundred and fifty men ; the colony of Connecticut, twelve hundred and 
My ; the representative of the Governor of New Hampshire, told us that he could 
not agree to any proportion ; but would report to his government, as his opinion, 
that one-eighth part as many as the proportion of the Massachusetts, ought to be 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 29 

their proportion ; so tliat it is not probable any agreement will be enteretl into by 
the commissioners. 

As there seems to be no prospect of any agreement arising from the above un- 
reasonable pi'oposals, we design to set out for Providence, where we hope the Gen- 
eral Assembly will bii sitting, in order to make our report what further may be 
offered. We have drawn our report respecting the raising of our proportion, which 
we propose to lay before My Lord Loudoun, in the morning ; in doing which, we 
have been under the greatest difficulties, by reason of the other governments not 
producing any returns of their inhabitants. We have done every thing in our power 
to bring this affair to a happy issue ; but all our attempts have as yet, proved in- 
effectual. 

The Assembly of the colony of Connecticut, knowing the whole number of men 
that were to be raised, determined their proportion as above, and limited tlieir 
commissioners by private instructions, to the above number ; which was kept as a 
secret till this day ; which if we had known, should not have, spent so much time, 
in endeavoring the settlement of an equal proportion. 

We have reason to fear that the disagreement of the commissioners will be pro- 
ductive of fatal consequences ; the limiting of the power of tlie Connecticut com- 
missioners having greatly contributed thereto. We hope you will pardon the in- 
correctness of this letter; the reasons of which, shall at our first meeting be made 
known. In the mean time. We are, sir, 

Yours, and the Honorable Assemblj-'s most obedient and humljle servant, 

J. HONEYMAN, 
G. BROWN. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhli/, held for the Colon?/ of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the \A.th 
day of March, 1757. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, the General Assembly, at their session begun and 
holden at Providence, on Monday, the 10th of January last, 
appointed a committee to receive of the general treasurer all 
the bills of public credit emitted by this colony, called Crown 
Point bills, which he had taken, or might receive in exchange 
for the silver and gold deposited in his hands for that purpose, 
and burn the same from time to time, as they should think 
proper ; and the said committee having performed that service, 
made the follov/ing report, to wit : 



30 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

Report of the Committee. 

" We, the subscribers, being appointed a committee, by the 
General Assembly, to receive and burn all the Crown Point 
money that was paid into the treasury, in exchange for gold 
and silver, and treasurer's notes, do report : 

That we have received of Thomas Richardson, Esq., £177,- 
006, lis. 6^/., of said Crown Point money, and have burnt the 
same. 

As witness our hands, this 24th day of February, 1757. 
THOMAS CRANSTON, JAMES SHEFFIELD. 

PETER BOURS, 

Signed for the committee for that purpose, by 

T. CRANSTON." 

Unto which report, the gentlemen subjoined the following 
account : 

Colony, Dr. To our time and trouble, seven days, £63. 
THOMAS CRANSTON, JAMES SHEFFIELD. 

PETER BOURS, 

And this Assembly having taken said report into consid- 
eration, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
same be, and is hereby accepted ; and that the account afore- 
said be allowed ; and £63, the amount thereof, be paid the 
said Thomas Cranston, Peter Bours and James Sheffield, out of 
the general treasury. 

Whereas, there are sixty hogsheads of lime on board a sloop 
belonging to Samuel Chace, of Providence, Esq., designed for 
Haliftix, in Nova Scotia, to be used upon His Majesty's fortifi- 
cations there ; but by reason of the late embargo, the said 
sloop cannot proceed on her voyage ; yet, forasmuch as Mr. 
Lawrence, governor of that province, hath, by letter, requested 
His Honor our Governor, to permit the said sloop to sail for 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 31 

Boston, with the said sixty hogsheads of lime, and engaged that 
care should be taken to send them from that port, to Halifax, — 
This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that His Honor the Governor, be, and he hereby is, de- 
sired to permit said sloop to sail, according to the request 
above mentioned. 

An Act for dividing the town of Westerly, and thereof making 
two distinct townships ; one, to retain the name of Westerly, 
and the other to be designated and known by the name of 
Hopkinton. 

Whereas, a great number of the inhabitants of the northern 
part of the town of Westerly, preferred a petition, and repre- 
sented unto this Assembly, that the said town being upwards 
of twenty miles in length, they are much aggrieved by reason 
many of them are obliged to travel some fifteen or sixteen 
miles, to get an instrument recorded ; others, eighteen or twen- 
ty miles, when business calls them before the town council, or 
to attend at a court of justices, — the greater part of the public 
business being at this day transacted and done in the southern 
parts of said town ; and thereupon prayed that the same may 
be divided ; nature having cut it into two parts, by the large 
river, called and known by the name of Pawcatuck ; and that 
they may be entitled to equal privileges with the other towns 
in this colony ; on consideration whereof, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that the said town of Westerly be, 
and the same is hereby, made and divided into two distinct and 
separate towns ; and that such part thereof, as lieth to the 
southward of the aforesaid Pawcatuck river, shall still be, and 
remain a town, holding its ancient name of Westerly ; and all 
the lands lying to the northward of said river, shall also be, and 
hereby is erected into and made a town, to be distinguished, 
called and known by the name of Hopkinton ; and the inhabit, 
ants thereof shall have, hold and enjoy, all and singular, the 
liberties, privileges and immunities, that the other towns in 



32 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND^ [1757. 

this colony are entitled to; New Shoreham and Jamestown, 
excepted. 

And be it further enacted by the aathority aforesaid, that 
the money due unto the town of Westerly, aforesaid, for the 
Cedar Swamp, shall be legally secured, both principal and in- 
terest, unto those that live on the south side of the aforesaid 
Pawcatuck river ; and they, in return, shall be wholly and 
solely at the expense of defending said swamp ; and the town 
of Hopkinton shall not be subject to any costs and charges on 
that account ; that all the town debts (except such as may 
have lately accrued on account of the swamp,) shall be equally 
paid by the towns of Westerly and Hopkinton ; and all such 
monies as were due to what, before this act, was the town of 
Westerly, shall be applied towards paying off said town's debts, 
except such as are due on account of the swamp. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
all and every of the justices of the peace, that were chosen and 
appointed such for the town of Westerly, and who live in that 
part thereof, that is now made Hopkinton, be, and they hereby 
are, continued in their offices, with full power and ample au- 
thority, in every respect, as they had in consequence of their 
being chosen into and commissionated for said office ; and that 
the eldest of them issue his warrant to call the freemen of the 
said town of Hopkinton to meet together at some convenient 
place within the same, in order to choose and appoint officers 
necessary for managing and conducting the prudential affairs 
of said town. 

Whereas, Ambrose Page, of Providence, in the county of 
Providence, preferred a petition, and represented unto this 
Assembly, that his father, William Page, of said Providence, 
made a free gift to the colony, of the lot of land on which the 
court house, of the county aforesaid, stands ; which lot, together 
with another, whereon the jail in said Providence, was built^ 
and other lands of the petitioner, in the same town, were sub- 
jected to an entail ; that he hath been at great cost and ex- 
pense to dock the same ; and thereupon prayed, that as the 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 33 

said docking, so carried on, was not solely for his own benefit, 
but that of the colony, also, some part of the cost and expense 
may be reimbursed and allowed him, out of the general 
treasury ; on consideration whereof, — 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that some allowance* shall be made the petitioner, tow- 
ards reimbursing him a part of the cost and expense -he hath 
been at, in the matter aforesaid ; and Nicholas Cook, Esq., 
George Brown, Esq., and Mr. Nicholas Brown, are hereby ap- 
pointed a committee to consider what that allowance ought to 
be, and make report thereof unto the General Assembly, as 
soon as conveniently may be. 

Whereas, Benjamin Sheffield, of Jamestown, of the county of 
Newport, preferred a petition unto the General Assembly, at 
their session holden in Newport, on Tuesday, the 22d day of 
June last, and represented that notwithstanding the prices of 
ferriage in this colony are stated by law, yet the owners of the 
ferries at Newport, Jamestown and Narragansett, oblige all 
persons that pass over said ferries, to pay double of the lawful 
price, which is greatly injurious to the public ; that he is one 
of those that have been therebj'- aggrieved ; and having a place 
convenient for setting up a ferry on the west side of James- 
town, aforesaid, prayed to have liberty granted him to do 
so ; and now, the subject matter of the petition aforesaid, being 
duly considered, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the authori- 
ty thereof it is enacted, that the said Benjamin Sheffield shall 
have, and hereby is granted him liberty to set up a ferry on 
the west side of Jamestown, for the carrying and transporting 
of all persons that shall desire it ; together with their goods, 
effects, merchandise, cattle, horses and all other things usu- 
ally carried in a ferry boat ; provided, he will erect a wharf or 
pier suitable for the business, and take no greater price for feir-. 
riage or transportation, than was by law allowed at the time 
when he preferred his aforesaid petition. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that when fines have beeUj or shall 

VOL. VI. 5 



34 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

be, paid by persons that were draughted or impressed to go in 
the last expedition against Crown Point, all and every such 
fine shall be paid into the treasury of the town in which such 
fine or fines have been, or shall be paid ; excepting such fines 
or the part of them, that have or hath been appropriated to the 
hiring of another or others to go in the stead of him or them 
that paid or shall pay such fine or fines. 

An Act for impressing such and so many men as shall be 

wanted, after the returns made to the several field officers, to 

complete and make up the four hundred and fifty men, by 

the General Assembly, at their last session, ordered to be 

raised in this colony for the ensuing campaign. 

Whereas, the General Assembly, at their session, begun and 

holden at Providence, on Tuesday, the 1st of February last, 

made and passed " An act for raising, clothing and paying four 

hundred and fifty able bodied, effective men, for the ensuing 

campaign against His Majesty's enemies in North America," 

to be under the immediate command of His Excellency the 

Earl of Loudoun ; and whereas, by instructions received from 

His Lordship, the said men are to be in readiness to march by 

the 25th day of this instant March, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority of the same it is enacted, that each respective 
captain that is chosen to the command of the four hundred and 
fifty men to be raised in this colony, shall make his return of 
every man enlisted, (it being witnessed by the muster master 
that he hath passed muster), with his name, and the name of 
the town to which he belongs, unto every colonel in the colo- 
ny, or in his absence, to the next field officer, by the 24th day 
of this instant March ; which list, said field officer shall exam- 
ine, and thereupon set off to every town in his district, the 
number of men that belong to such town to furnish, and shall 
send the names of the other men that do not belong to his dis- 
trict, to the several towns unto which they respectively be- 
long ; whereupon, each respective colonel, or the next field offi- 
cer, shall immediately grant forth his warrant to the captain. 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 35 

or next officer of each of the troops of horse, and of the foot 
company or companies, in every town that shall be found defi- 
cient in enlisting its proper quota, immediately to impress and 
bring to him so many able bodied men, fit for soldiers, as shall 
make up each town's proportion, agreeably to the list in this 
act hereafter to be set down and made. 

And every man so impressed, shall be obliged to serve as a 
soldier, or find a good, able bodied, effective man to serve in;his 
stead ; unless he hath some reasonable or lawful excuse, to be 
made unto, heard, and fully determined by the three field offi- 
cers, or any two of them, and one captain ; or by one field offi- 
cer and two captains of trained bands in the same regiment ; 
but no captain, who shall impress a man, may be a judge of his 
excuse. 

And when any man that hath been impressed, is excused or 
doth not pass muster, the captain who impressed him shall 
be ordered by the field officer, who heard such excuse, to im- 
press another, forthwith, in his stead. 

And any man so impressed, upon his paying a fine of 
£100, old tenor, to one of the field officers, in the same regi- 
ment, shall be excused ; and such field officer shall order 
another to be impressed in his stead, according to the officer's 
best discretion ; and so on, from time to time, as often as any 
shall be excused, or pay a fine, until the required number of 
soldiers shall be completed and made up. 

And every man, who after being impressed, will sign an en- 
listment and take the proper oath, shall be entitled to, and re- 
ceive, the same bounty, privileges and immunities, as are given 
to such soldiers as enlist voluntarily. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that all 
and every of the artillery companies in this colony, furnish 
their proportion of men, that shall be deficient in the respec- 
tive towns to which they belong ; His Honor the Governor, or 
His Honor the Deputy Governor, joining with the colonel, or 
next field officer, to proportion the same. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 



36 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

each captain of the said five companies, to be raised for the 
ensuing campaign, muster and draw all the soldiers which 
they and their officers have enlisted, together, at the most 
proper and easy place of rendezvous, before or upon the 23d 
day of this instant March, and keep them together, until they 
receive further orders ; and that the committee of war direct in 
what manner the said five companies shall be completed out of 
the men impressed, or that may be enlisted in any county, 
more than their full proportion ; and that each captain, or other 
commanding officer, be allowed and paid out of the general 
treasury, the sum of £3, old tenor, for each able bodied, effec- 
tive man, that he shall return, as aforesaid. 

And be it further enacted by the authorit}^ aforesaid, that 
the following shall be the proportion of the men to be raised 
in the several towns within this colony, that is to sa}^ : 

The town of Newport shall furnish seventy-eight able bodied? 
effective men ; Portsmouth, eleven ; Jamestown, four ; Middle- 
town, eight ; Tiverton, fourteen ; Little Compton, thirteen ; 
Providence, thirty-seven ; Smithfield, twenty-two ; Scituate, 
seventeen ; Glocester, seventeen ; Cumberland, eleven ; Cran- 
ston, seventeen ; Westerly, twenty-six ; North Kingstown, 
nineteen ; South Kingstown, sixteen ; Charlestown, nine ; Exe- 
ter, fifteen ; Hichmond, ten ; Bristol, eleven ; Warren, eleven ; 
Warwick, twenty-one ; East Greenwich, sixteen ; West Green- 
wich, thirteen ; and Coventry, fourteen. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that if 
any field or commissioned officer shall neglect to do his duty, as 
the same is herein afore directed and ordered, he shall forfeit 
and pay as a fine, the sum of £1,000, in bills of public credit, 
of the old tenor, to and for the use of the colony ; to be levied 
b}^ distress on his gouds and chattels, in the manner usual in 
such cases ; and all fines of soldiers, arising from this act, 
shall be paid into the treasury of the town where the person 
lives that may pay his fine ; which shall be disposed of to and 
for the use of the said town. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PL^VNTATIONS. 37 

a copy of this act be forthwith made, and sent by express, or 
otherwise, unto the field officers in this colony, on or before the 
19th day of this instant March. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the captain of Fort George enlist twenty soldiers 
for said fort, at the wages of £30, old tenor, per month ; they 
finding themselves, and being subjected to the same duties as 
the soldiers at said fort were the last year ; and that the com- 
mittee appointed to carry on the buildings of said fort, re- 
move the barracks therein, for the better carrying on the 
work. 

And tlie directors of the lottery that was opened and set up 
for raising a sum of money to carry on the building of the fort, 
aforesaid, are hereby directed to pay the nett produce of said 
lottery into the general treasury ; and Capt. Wm. Mumford is 
hereby empowered to draw the same out of the treasury from 
time to time, as the work shall require. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the committee of war be, and they are hereby di- 
rected and fully empowered, to take up proper vessels for 
transporting the forces that are raising in this colony for the 
ensuing campaign. 

And His Honor the Governor is hereby requested to answer 
the letters of Major General Webb and Mr. James Syme. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that the chief ojQQcer of the four 
hundred and fifty men, to be raised in this colony, for the en- 
suing campaign, be allowed pay at the rate of £210, old tenor, 
per month; and also shall have allowed him £210, of the like 
currency, for his table. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solve, that Capt. William Mumford be, and he hereby is, ap- 
pointed to get the lead taken off the top of the colony house, 
in the county of Newport, and deliver the same unto the sheriff 
of that county, in order to its being kept safe, for the colony's 
use ; and that the said William Mumford procure a small hip 



38 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

roof to be raised on said house, to be shingled and surrounded 
with a balustrade ; all the charge of the colony. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that His Honor the Governor, and 
His Honor the Deputy Governor, be, and each of them is 
hereby, authorized and fully empowered, upon information of 
an enemy's being upon the coast, and distressing our trade, to 
take up, fit out, and man a suitable vessel, and send her out 
at the colony's charge, in order to protect and save the navi- 
gation. 

Whereas, the General Assembly, at their session holden at 
Providence, on Tuesday, the 1st of February last, made and 
passed an act appointing and empowering the deputies of each 
respective town in this colony, to inquire into the conduct of 
several of the soldiers that went in the late expedition against 
Crown Point, with regard to this : that some had sold and 
others retained the colony's arms ; and whereas, no report hath 
been made concerning that affair, — 

This Assembly, therefore, do vote and resolve, and it is 
voted and resolved, that the deputies make a return unto the 
committee of war as soon as possible of all their doings in the 
matter aforesaid ; and the committee of war is hereby au- 
thorized and fully empowered to hear and determine all and 
every affair relating to the same. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that His Honor the Governor permit a vessel to sail 
from Providence to Boston, with a load of lime for His Majes- 
ty's use, conformably to the request of Messrs. Apthorp & Son, 
expressed in their letter to Daniel Jenckes, Esq. ; and that no 
more men go in said vessel than shall be sufficient to navigate 
her. 

God save the King. 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 39 



Secretary William Pitt, to the Governor and Company of Rhode 
Island. 



Whitehall, February 4th, 1757. 

Gentlemen : — The King having nothing more at heart, than the preservation of 
his good subjects and colonies of North America, has come to a resolution of acting 
Avith the greatest vigor in those parts, the ensuing campaign ; and all necessary 
preparations^ are making for sending a considerable reinforcement of trooj^s, to- 
gether with a strong squadron of ships for that j)urpose, and in order to act offen- 
sively against the French, in Canada. 

It is His Majesty's pleasure that you should forthwith caU together your Coun- 
cil and Assembly, and press them, in the strongest manner, to raise, with the ut- 
most expedition, a number of provincial troops, at least equal to those raised the last 
year, for the service of the ensuing campaign, over and above what they shall 
judge necessary for the immediate defence of their own province ; and that the 
troops so raised do act in such parts as the Earl of Loudoun, or the commander in 
chief of His Majesty's forces, for the time being, shall judge most conducive to the 
service in general. 

And the Iving doubts not but that the several provinces, truly sensible of his 
paternal care, in sending so large a force for their security, will exert their utmost 
endeavors to second and strengthen such offensive operations against the French, 
as the Earl of Loudoun, or the commander in chief for the time being, shall judge 
expedient ; and will not clogg the enlistments of the men, or the raising of the 
money for theii- pay, &c., with such limitations, as have hitherto been fouiad to ren- 
der their service difficult and ineffectual. 

And as a further encouragement, I am to acquaint you, that the raising of the 
men, their pay, arms and clothing, will be all that will be required on the part of 
the several provinces ; measures having been already taken for laying up maga- 
zines of stores and provisions of all kinds, at the expense of the crown. 

I cannot too strongly recommend it to you, to use all your influence with your 
Council and Assembly for the punctual and inunediate execution of these His Maj- 
esty's commands. I am, gentlemen, 

Your most obedient humble servant, 

W. PITT. 

To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

Sccreian/ William Pitt, to the Governor and Compam/ of PJiode 
Islatid. 

Wliitehall, February 19th, 1757. 

Gentlemen : — Having, in my letter of the 4th inst., informed you, that it was the 

King's intention to send a strong squadron of ships of war to North America, I am 

now to acquaint you, that His Majesty has been pleased to appoint Rear Admiral 

Holburne to command the said squadron ; and It is the King's pleasure, that, in 



40 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

case any naval assistance shall be wanted for the protection ofyour government, you 
should apjjl}' for the same, to the said rear admiral, or to the commander in chief for 
the time being of His Majesty's ships in those seas, who will send you such assist- 
ance as he may be able to do consistently with the service with which he is charg- 
ed by His Majesty's instructions ; and you will regularly communicate to the said 
commander, all such intelligence as shall come to your knowledge, concerning the 
arrival of any ships of war, or vessels having warlike stores on board ; and likewise 
all such advices as may concern theii- motions and destination, or may in any man- 
ner relate to that part of His Majesty's service with which the commanders of 
the King's ships should be acquainted. 

And for the better execution of the orders sent you in this letter, you will be 
diligent in employing proper persons and vessels, not only to procure you the earli- 
est intelligence, but likewise to be despatched, from time to time, to the said com- 
mander of His Majesty's ships, with such accounts as you shall have occasion to 
communicate to him. 

It is also His Majesty's further pleasure that you should use all legal methods, 
whenever the commander in chief of His Majesty's ships shall apply to you, to raise 
such a number of seamen, from time to time, as shall be wanted to recruit the 
ships in Xorth America. 

I am, gentlemen. 

Your most obedient humble servant, 

W. PITT. 

To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

Lord Loudoun to Governor IlopJcins. 

New York, March 2d, 1757. 

Sir: — As I have received His Majesty's orders, to make preparations for vigorous 
and oifensive operations, in the ensuing critical and important campaign, — 

This obliges me to recommend it to you, to lay an embargo on the port or ports 
of your government, lest I should not be able to carry that plan to the extent that 
the importance of it requires. 

As you must be sensible of the necessity of secrecy, in operations of this nature, 
I cannot doubt that you will excuse my not laying the plan before you. 

This measure, I see necessary to recommend to Virginia, and all the govern- 
ments northward of it, that His Majesty's service may not be disappointed of a supply 
of such ships or vessels as maybe necessary for carrying this important service into 
execution, so essential to the well being of His Majesty's colonies. 

From the present situation of affairs, and the advanced season, there has not 
been time to concert this measure with the different governments ; but I have the 
satisfaction to acquaint you, that in consequence of this recommendation, an em- 
bargo has this day taken place in the port and ports of this province ; and I can 
have no doubt, from your zeal, that in support of the common cause, your colony 
will follow so good an example. 

I must therefore desire you will send me, by the return of this express, an ac- 
count of the ships and vessels in your ports, and their tonnage fit for transporting 
troops, that I may give you the earliest notice of what parts of them will be necessa- 
ry to take into His Majesty's service. 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 41 

And I must further desire that this may not l)e made public, till the embargo is 
actually laid on. 

I am, with great regard, sir, 

Your most obedient humble servant, 

LOUDOUN. 
To the Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Esq. 

Major General Ahercromhj to Governor Hopkins. 

New York, March 11th, 1757. 

Sir : — Your letter of the 10th inst., shall be forwarded to My Lord Loudoun, who 
before he set out for Philadelphia, sent du-ections to Capt. Bradstreet to take up 
transports to a certain tonnage ; but though he should be supplied with the cou.- 
plement dii'ected, it is to be understood that the emliargo is to continue in full force 
until you have further advice fi-om Lord Loudoun. 

"With regard to the arms, if my memory serves me, it is only the arms of the sick 
and dead men, which were lodged at the forts, and at Albany ; for which, the com- 
missaries of the train granted receipts. 

Whatever will be wanted for this year's service, had best be delivered to the 
men, as they arrive at Albany ; I dare say, upon inquiry, you will find that your 
men that were able, carried their arms home with them ; so that there ought not to 
be so great a deficiency for your numbers of this year. 

I am, sir, your most obedient humble servant, 

JAMES ABERCROMBY, Major General. 

To the Hon. Stephen Hopkms, Esq. 

A. D. Qr. 3fr. General Robertson to Gov. Hopkins. 

New York, April l-2th, 175 7. 

Sir: — The Earl of Loudoun has commanded me to acquaint Your Excellenc v. 
that the public service requires that the forces of the Rhode Island government 
be with all e.xpeditlon cantoned in the villages near Albany ; and that he thinks 
the speediest and most commodious method of getting them to these quarters, will 
be by water carriage. 

His Lordship, therefore, entreats Your E.xcellency to give dii-ections that thev 
be embarked and brought to this place with the utmost expedition. 

A great deal of business has obliged Loi-d Loudoun to transfer to me the honor 
of writing to Your Excellency. 

Give me leave to declare my satisfaction in having an occasion to declare myself 
with esteem, Your Excellency's obedient and humble servant, 

JAMES ROBERTSON, A. D. Qr. Mr. G^ft^rr^l. 

To His Excellency Governor Hopkins. 
VOL. VI. 6 



42 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 



Lord Londoun to Governor HopJcins. 

New York, April 30th, 1757. 
Sir : — It having been represented to me, that at the time of laying on of the em- 
bargo, there were a number of vessels in the several ports of the provinces, where 
the embargo took place, that were actually loaded and cleared previous to the em- 
bargo being laid ; 

And being desii'ous to give every ease to the trade, consistent with carrying on 
the service, I have consulted with Sii' Charles Hardy, and we both agree that, con- 
sidering the forwardness in which the transports now are, that the said ships so 
loaded and cleared at the time of laying the embargo, may without prejudice to His 
Majesty's service, be permitted to depart, on Friday, the 6th day of May next. 

And I am in hopes of having things soon in such forwardness, as to be able to 
write to you to take off all restraints from the shipping, on account of that part of 
His Majesty's service, that I am particularly appointed to manage. 
I ever am, with great regard, sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

LOUDOUN. 
To the Hon. Stoplien Hopkins, Esq, 

Sir Charles Hardy to Governor Hopkins. 

Fort George, New York, 30th April, 1757. 
Sir : — As there were some ships and vessels in this port, that were actually load- 
ed and cleared out, when the general embargo was laid on, and the transports tak- 
en up for His Majesty's service being in great forwardness; I have, with the advice 
of His Majesty's council, given leave to such ships and vessels to depart on a cer- 
tain day, agreeably to the enclosed minute of Council, to which I beg leave to refer 
you ; and shall only observe, that no ships or vessels that were not cleared on the 
•2d day of March last, will be permitted to sail ; but the embargo will be continued 
till his Majesty's service will admit of taking it off, in all which I hope your govern- 
ment will cnuciir. I am with great regard, sir, 

Your most obedient humble servant, 

CHAS, HAKDY. 
To the Hon. (iovei-nor Hopkins. 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 43 



Proceedings of the General Assemhli/, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport, the first Wednes- 
day of May, 1757. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

FREEMEN ADMITTED. 

Whereas, all and every of the persons, whose names hereaf- 
ter follow, have taken the oath or affirmation prescribed by the 
colony law, against bribery and corruption in the election of 
officers within this government, as appears by proper returns 
from the respective town clerks, — 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that they and each of them be, and hereby are, made 
free of the colony, and may therefore lawfully give their votes 
to choose officers, not only for their respective towns, but also 
in the choice of general officers. 

Newport — John Beet, Richard Beale, Jeremiah Brown, Ben- 
jamin Brown^ James Cahoone, Samuel Cranston, Jeremiah 
Cranston, Joseph Cowley, Edward Chapman, Shearman Clarke, 
Robert Elliot, Peleg Easton, Jeremiah Fish, George Gibbs, Ca- 
leb Gardner, Jr., Jeremiah Heffernan, John Heath, Geo. Hunt, 
Isaac Ingraham, Henry Knowles, Samuel Mumford, William 
Rogers, Josias Rogers, Robert Taylor, son of Peter ; Charles 
Anthony Wigneron, Oliver Warner, John Wanton, son of 
Gideon ; and Robert Wheatley. 

Providence — Amos Arwell, Samuel Aborn, John Brown, Na- 
than Brown, Benjamin Gushing, Jr., Nathan Comstock, James 
Comstock, Aaron Dorr, William Douglas, James Edmunds, 
Bernard Eddy, Joseph Kinnicutt, John Knox, Seth Luther, 
John McCreary, Hazadiah Mitchell, John Nash, James Olney 



44 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

Jr., Phineas Potter, William Proucl, John Smith, Jesse Smith, 
Job Sweeting, Darius Sessions, Henry Stephens, Simeon Ste- 
phens, Josiah Seamans, Peleg Seamans, Richard Thornton, Jr., 
David Thayer, Joseph Thurber, William Tyler, Ezra Whipple, 
Joseph Whipple, William Wheaton, Comfort Wheaton and 
Eleazer Whipple. 

Portsmouth — Job Durfee, James Kirby, David Fish, Jr., 
Edward Barker, Arnold Thomas, Thomas Shearman, Jr., Allen 
Fish, Parker Shearman, Borden Chace, Charles Bowler, Josias 
Lawton, John Ward, Samuel Fetteplace, Jonathan Fetteplace 
and Edward Perry, Jr. 

Warwick. — Thomas Warner, John Budlong, Jr., Morgan Kir- 
vine, Job Briggs, Joseph Straight, Toleration Harris, William 
Greene, son of William Greene, the 2d ; Thomas Sweet, Benj. 
Gorton, Benjamin Gorton, Jr., Thomas Stafford, Pardon 
Pearce, Benj. Greene, son of Nathaniel, Jr. and Wm. Wood, Jr. 

Westerly — Ichabod Babcock, Jr., James Bliven, Joseph Ga- 
vit, David Maxson, Stephen Wilcox, Jr., Isaac Ross, Elisha 
Saunders, Nathan Bliven, Gideon Saunders, Sandford Noyes 
and William Crandall. 

New Shoreham — Oliver Ring Rose, Wm. Willis and Walter 
Rathbun. 

North Kingstown — John Gardner, William Slocum, George 
Fowler, Jr., Jonathan Wilbor, Richard Phillips, Bartholomew 
Hunt, Jabez Reynolds, Christopher Aylsworth, Thomas Phil- 
lips, Jr. and Joseph Clarke. 

South Kingstown — Benjamin Greenman, Jonathan Babcock, 
Sylvester Robinson, Stephen Champlin, Jr., Jonathan Hollo- 
■way, Josiah Tanner, Robert Crandall, Benjamin Holloway, Jos. 
Terry, Carder Haszard, Coon Williams, John Franklin, Samuel 
Rose, Jeremiah Albro, Thomas Champlin, Nathaniel Gardner, 
Jr., Benedict Oatley and John Lillibridge. 

East Greenw'ich — Caleb Spencer, Jonathan Tarbox, Josiah 
Matteson, Henry Tibbetts, Jr., Jonathan Card, Robert Vaughan, 
Jr., Jonathan Lee, Christopher Vaughan, Jr., Samuel Fry, Jon- 
athan Andrew, Edmond Andrew, George Pierce, Wm. Pierce, 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 45 

Clement Weaver, son of John ; Joseph Spencer, John Briggs 
and Caleb Briggs. 

Jamestown — Benjamin Weeden, Benjamin Underwood, John 
Cranston, Joseph Greene, John Carr and Nicholas Carr. 

Smithfield — Joseph Chillson, Jeremiah Walling, Job Al- 
drich, Abraham Aldrich, Robert Latham, Jr., Hanson Read, 
Isaac Ballard, Elisha Smith, Adam Harkness, Thomas Shippe, 
Nathan Shippe, Amos Keech, Elisha Mowrey, Jr., Silas Tucker, 
Samuel Cook, Jeremiah Olney, Samuel Smith and Gideon 
Sayles. 

Scituate — John Phillips, John Round, Ezra Stone, Francis 
Fuller, Jr., Nathan Millard, Isaac Medbury, Robert Davis, Ben- 
jamin Whitman, Joseph Smith and Ezra Potter. 

Glocester — Edward Davis, Joseph Phillips, Charles Pollock, 
Jonathan Phetteplace, Joram Kynion, John Walling, Stephen 
Baker, Abraham Inman, David Blackman, Ebenezer Aldrich, 
Daniel Owen, Abraham Waterman, Jonathan Smith, Cornelius 
Havens, Obadiah Brown, Benjamin Barrel, Daniel Wheelock, 
Daniel Howard, Isaiah Hernden, John Page, John Bushee, Ne- 
hemiah Lewis, Ptichard Tucker, Preserved Hernden, Stephen 
Grover, Andrew Phillips, Enoch Smith, David Phillips and 
Oziel Inman. 

Charlestown — Daniel Edwards and David Denvay. 

West Greenwich — Jonathan Matteson, Jr., Nathan Matteson, 
Eleazer Greene, Nathan Greene, Ephraim Aylsworth, Benjamin 
Tanner, Jr., Sylvester Gardner, Peter Crandall, Thomas Rey- 
nolds, John Joslin, William Wait, Joseph Cass and Zerobabel 
Mattheson. 

Coventry — Stephen Drivinels, Jonathan Matteson, son of 
Thomas ; Benjamin Weaver, Daniel Weaver, Joshua Bates, 
John Rice, Ebenezer Rice, Abel Gibbs, John Nichols, Jr. and 
Stephen Colvin. 

Exeter — Job Tripp, Jr., Simeon Babcock, James Babcock, 
Joseph Holloway, Sylvester Eldred, John Congdon, Benjamin 
Rathbun, Jr., Perry Mumford, James Allen, Joseph Phillips, 
Bartholomew Phillips, Oliver Rathbun, William Tanner, Jr., 



46 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

George Willcox, Ebenezer Moon, Jr., John Lewis, Benjamin 
Reynolds, Caleb Robins, William Hill, George Weight and 
James Lewis. 

Middletown — Isaac Peckhain, Gideon Coggeshall, John Bai- 
ley, Samuel Bailey, Jr., Joseph Peabody, James Weaver, 
Matthew Coggeshall and William Weaver. 

Bristol — lienr}^ Bosworth, Samuel Pearce, Billings Throop 
and Stephen W^ardwell. 

Tiverton — John Negus, Peleg Barker, Robert Barker^ Wm. 
Durfee, son of Samuel ; William Woodel, Jr., Thomas Hickes, 
Abraham Brown and John Davenport. 

Little Compton — John Brownell, Daniel Ormsby, George 
Simmons, James Pearce, Samuel Pearce, Jonathan Peckham, 
Adam Simmons, Geo. Pearce, Joshua Brownell, Aaron Davis, 
Peter Simmons, Peleg Wood, Christopher White, Benjamin 
Brownell and John Briggs. 

Cumberland — Noah Whitman, James Lovet, James Com- 
mins, Solomon Peck, Abner Lapham, Roger llill, Jr. and Enos 
Jilson. 

Richmond — 'Harper Rogers, Robert Stanton, Jonathan Pot- 
ter, Joshua Clarke, Joseph Petty and William Clarke, son of 
Thomas. 

Cranston— John Randall, Jr.^ Jeremiah King, Thomas Pot- 
ter, son of John Potter, Esq. ; William Stone, Jr., John Cong- 
don and James Waterman. 

The following officers, declared elected, were duly engaged; 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. James Honeyman, Mr. David Anthony, 

Mr. Nicholas Easton, Mr. Jeremiah Lippitt, 

Mr. Henry Harris, Mr. Nathaniel Seaiie, 

Mr. Jabez Bowen, Col. Thomas Hazard, 

Mr. Robert Lawton, Mr. Daniel Coggeshal 



1757.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



47 



DEPUTIES. 



Neiopoi't. 
Lieut. Col. Benj. Wickham, 
Mr. Simon Pease, 
Mr. Gideon Wanton, Jr., 
Capt. Joseph Wanton, Jr., 
Capt. Daniel Ayrault, Jr., 
Mr. William Read. 
Providence. 
Mr. William Smith, 
Col. Christopher Harris, 
Mr. Daniel Jenckes, 
Mr. James Olney. 

Portsmouth. 
Mr. Francis Brayton, 
Mr. Isaac Barker, 
Mr. Giles Slocum, 
Mr. John Shearman, Jr. 

Warwick. 
Mr. Joseph Lippitt, 
Capt. Randall Rice, 
Mr. Othniel Gorton, 
Capt. James Arnold, Jr. 

Westerli/. 
Mr. Samuel Ward, 
Capt. Joseph Stanton. 

New SJioreham. 
Capt. Edward Sands, 
Mr. John Littlefield. 

North Kingstown. 
Col. Immanuel Northup, 
Mr. Samuel Albro. 

South Kingstoiun. 
jNIr. Jeremiah Niles, 
Mr. Latham Clarke. 



East Greenwich. 
Mr. Joseph Nichols, 
Mr. Thomas Casey. 

Jamestown. 
Capt. Wm. liaszard, 
Mr. Edward Carr. 

Smithfield. 
Mr. Thomas Arnold, 
Mr. Jeremiah Mowrey. 

Scituate. 
Capt. Job Randall, 
Mr. Jeremiah Angel. 

Glocester. 
Capt. John Smith, 
Mr. Richard Steere. 
Charlestotvn. 
Col. Christopher Champlin, 
Mr. Gideon Hoxie. 

West Greenwich. 
Mr. Preserved Hall, 
Mr. Benjamin Gardner. 

Coventry. 
Capt. Abel Potter, 
Mr. Isaac Greene. 

Exeter. 
Capt. John Reynolds, 
Mr. Benoni Hall. 

Iliddletown. 
Mr. William Bailey, 
Mr. Joshua Coggeshall, Jr. 

Bristol. 
Capt. Simeon Potter, 
Mr. William Pearce. 



48 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1757. 



DEPUTIES. 

Tiverton. Hichnond. 

Mr. Samuel Durfee, Mr. Samuel Teft, 

Mr. John Bo wen. Capt Peleg Thomas. 

Little Compton. Cranston. 

Mr. Thomas Church, Mr. Jonathan Randall, 

i\Ir. William Wilbore. Mr. Matthew Manchester. 

Warren. Hojjhinton. 

Mr. Thomas Cole, Major Joshua Clarke, 

Mr. Peter Bicknel. ]Mr. Hezekiah Collins. 

Cumberland. 
Mr. Job Bartlett, 
Mr. Jeremiah Whipple. 

Lieut. Col. Benjamin Wickham, speaker, and Mr. Josias 
Lyndon, clerk. 

Mr. Thomas Ward, secretary. 
Mr. Daniel Updike, attorney general. 
Mr. Thomas Kichardson, general treasurer. 
The Hon. John* Gardner, chief justice of the superior court 
of judicature, court of assize and general jail delivery. 

SHERIFFS OF THE SEVERAL COUNTIES. 

Newport county, Mr. George Gardner. Providence coun- 
ty, Mr. Allen Brown. Kings county, Mr. Beriah Brown 
Bristol county, Mr. Nathaniel Bosworth. Kent county, Mr. 
Benjamin Arnold. 

COLONELS OF THE SEVERAL COUNTIES. 

Newport county, Mr. Godfrey Malbone. Providence county, 
Mr. John Andrews. Kings county, Mr. William Pendleton. 
Kent county, Mr. Stephen Low. 

The following gentlemen were chosen the committee of 
war, viz. : 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 49 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Esq., first ; the Hon. John Gard- 
ner, Esq., second ; Daniel Jenckes, Esq., third ; Thomas Cran- 
ston, Esq., fourth ; Peter Bours, Esq., fifth ; Robert Potter, of 
Charlestown, Esq., sixth. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Esq., Benjamin Nichols, James 
Sheffield, Obadiah Brown. Samuel Chace, James Arnold, Geo- 
Brown and Nicholas Easton, Esqs., the grand committee, or 
trustees of the colony, for signing bills of public credit. 

And the aforesaid Benjamin Nichols, Esq. is chosen and es- 
pecially appointed to have and take the care and charge of the 
colony's mortgages and bonds for tenths, and to receive the mon- 
ey due, and to be due thereon; and also to make and give proper 
acquittances and discharges upon the mortgages, or otherwise, 
when he receives any of the colony's money ; and in case of 
non-payment, to put in suit the bonds and mortgages of all 
those that refuse or neglect to make due payment. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the committee of war provide and lay in for the 
soldiers raised by this colony, for the ensuing campaign, so 
much rum as shall be necessary for them, until their arrival at 
Albany ; and that what clothing is provided for the said sol- 
diers, and shall not be by them received before their departure, 
be packed up and sent in the transports with the soldiers, un- 
der the care of the chief officer, that they may be supplied 
therewith, after their arrival at, or upon their passage to Alba- 
ny, if found necessary ; and that the chief officer keep an exact 
account of the clothing that he shall deliver, as aforesaid, and 
render the same unto the committee of war. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that each and every of the sheriffs 
that have been chosen by this Assembly, or that shall at any 
time hereafter be elected, give bond with sufficient sureties, 
before or at time of his engagement, unto the general treasu- 
rer, in the sum of £20,000, in bills of public credit, of the old 
tenor, for his due and faithful execution of said office, in all 
and every branch thereof 

Whereas, a part of the town jof Char]est<»wn's proportion of 

VOL. VI. 7 



50 KECORDS OF THE COLONY OF EHODE ISLAND [1757. 

the last rate was assessed on the Indians of that town ; which 
the General Assembly afterwards ordered to be assessed and 
levied upon the white inhabitants of said town ; but the same 
hath not yet been done, — 

This Assembly therefore do vote and resolve, and it is voted 
and resolved, that the general treasurer be, and he hereby is 
directed and fully empowered to give out his warrant for col- 
lecting and levying the same, within one month after the rising 
of this Assembly. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that His Honor the Governor be, and he hereby is, re- 
quested to make out the commissions for the officers appointed 
to command in the ensuing campaign, and give orders for the 
immediate sailing of the transports with the soldiers ; together 
with the proper instructions to the chief officer for the due reg- 
ulation of his conduct. . 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the persons who were appointed to take a true 
account of the value of all the ratable estates, and the number 
of all ratable polls within this colony, be still continued for 
that purpose ; and that they make report unto this Assembly, 
at their next session, upon the peril of incurring the penalty 
mentioned in the act for taking the said account. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that the committee of war be, and 
they hereby are, invested with the same power and authoritj^, 
as they have heretofore had, until the next session of this 
Assembly, respecting the present expedition, and procuring 
every thing necessary for sending away the forces, and so forth. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that all prisoners subject to the 
French king, that shall from time to time be brought into this 
colony, be confined in some of His Majesty's jails, and main- 
tained at the charge of the colony, after the condemnation of 
the prize in which they are brought. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re_ 
solved, that Mr. William Read, be, and he hereby is, added to 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 51 

Capt. William Mumford and Mr. Caleb Carr, to inspect the 
dwelling houses and barracks, and all other buildings at the 
fort, and determine whether it will be best to move or have 
them pulled down, in order to carry on and complete the build- 
ing of said fort ; and if they think it most prudent to pull the 
said buildings down, that they consider and determine where 
to erect others in their stead. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that the town of Newport be, and 
hereby is, empowered to make a rate for the defraying the 
charge of watching in said town, in time of war, as well as in 
time of peace, if it shall be thought by the council of war, as well 
as of said town, to be the best method ; and that the fine for 
neglecting to ward in the town of Newport, be augmented to 
£3 per day ; and for neglecting to watch, be augmented to 
thirty shillings by the night. 

An Act for empowering His Honor the Governor, upon demand 
being made by Major General Webb, or the commanding 
officer for the time being, to raise and forthwith send one 
hundred and fifty men to his assistance. 
[This act was repealed in August.] 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the committee appointed to build the colony sloop 
be, and they are hereby, empowered to draw money out of the 
general treasury, for carrying on that business ; and if there 
be not a sufficiency there, the general treasurer is directed to 
hire what shall be wanting ; and that the said committee pro- 
ceed in said work as fast as possible. 

An Act for preventing the officers in this colony from being 

used ill in the discharge of their duty. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that every inhabitant or resident 
within this colony, who, at any time after the publication of this 
act, obstructs, insults, assaults, or in any other way or manner 



52 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757- 

abuses any civil or military officer of the colony, in the execution 
of his office, or afterwards for having done what was his duty, 
shall forfeit and pay as a fine, unto and for the colony's use, a 
sum of money in proportion to the nature of the offence, not 
exceeding £1,000, in bills of public credit, of the old tenor, to 
be recovered by bill, plaint, or information, at any court of re- 
cord in the county where the offence shall be committed. 
God save the King. 

Lord Loudoun io Governor Hopkins. 

Xew York, May 2d, 1757. 

Sir: — As I have received a copy of the letter from one of His Majesty's principal 
secretaries of state to you, signifying His Majesty's pleasure that you should raise 
for the pubhc service the like number of meu you did last year, independent of 
those necessary for the security of your own province, &c. 

As I am now preparing, agreeably to His Majesty's orders to me, to leave this 
province, with the transports to join the fleet, and succors fi-oni Europe ; and shall 
leave Major General Webb to command at Albany and the forts, with a body of 
His Majesty's regular forces, together with the troops raised by the northern 
colonies. 

And as I had settled the quota of men to be raised by you, and the neighboring 
provinces, for the operations of the year, before the secretary of state's letter ar- 
rived, I have some doubt, if the addition now required by that letter, to put them 
on the foot of last year, with respect to number, can be raised and marched to take 
the field in due time to enter upon service ; therefore, both to comply with the sec- 
retary of state's orders, and for the greater security of the country, it appears to me 
absolutely necessary that the militia of your province should be properly armed, 
and furnished with ammunition, and have a standing order to march to the aid and 
assistance of the forces under the command of Major General Webb, or the com- 
mander of His Majesty's forces in that quarter, on his requisition ; and that this or- 
der should be more particularly given and enforced in such part of }'our province, 
as is most nearly situated to those forces, without waiting for any further orders 
from you. 

From yom- zeal for the public service, I can have no doubt of your comph-ing 
with this recommendation ; and hope, if the necessary orders are given and strictly 
obeyed by them, to receive the same benefit from your militia, that we did lately 
on the enemy's attempt on Fort William Henry, from the militia in the upper part 
of this country. 

I shall send ]\Iajor General Webb a copy of this, to whom, at Albany, I desire 
you will communicate the orders you give ; and to whom, that he may know what 
officers of your militia to call upon on any emergency ; and likewise transmit a 
copy of that to me, at New York. 

I am, with great regard, sir. 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

LOUDOtN. 



1757.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 53 



Though I have had notice of the motion of the troops in the pay of the other New- 
England governments, and that they are, by this time, arrived at or near the places 
of their destination, yet I have not had the least account of those in the pay of your 
government being set out ; therefore, I must beg, that if they are not already mov- 
ed, they may be ordered forward with all possible despatch, with their camp equip- 
age and every thing else necessary for them, as it is absolutely necessary for the 
service. 



The Earl of Tloldenicsse to the Governor and Company of Rhode 
Ishnd, relative to the Embargo. 

Whitehall, May 2d, 1757. 

Gentlemen : — The crops of corn having, from the badness of the season, last year, 
greatly failed in many parts of Great Britain arid Ireland, which makes a supply 
thereof very much wanted ; for which reason, orders have been sent to purchase 
large quantities in America ; and it being apprehended that the ships loaded there- 
with, may not be able to sail, on account of the embargo laid in several parts of 
America, by Lord Loudoun's desire, on all ships in general, by which means. His 
Majesty's dominions in Europe may be greatly distressed, I am commanded to sio-- 
nify to you, the King's pleasure, that you do immediately, upon the receipt of this 
letter, cause any embargo that shall be then subsisting, within your colonj^, either 
in consequence of Lord Loudoun's application to you, or of any directions sent yon 
by the board of trade, to be taken off from all vessels loaded with corn, or any 
other species of grain, for Great Britain and Ireland; and that you do take par- 
ticular care, that no future embargo, wliich it may be thought expedient to lay, do 
extend to vessels so loaded ; but on the contrary, you will give all proper encou- 
ragement and assistance to persons who shall be employed in the purchasing and 
shipping corn, for the supply of His Majesty's dominions, in Europe, takin"- cave, 
that they do give suflicient security for landing the cargoes at the places for which 
they shall be designed, agreeably to an act of Parliament, passed this session, enti- 
tled " An act to prohibit, for a limited time, the exportation of corn, grain, meal, 
malt," &c., &c. ;which act has been transmitted to you, by the lords commissioners 
for trade and plantations. I am, gentlemen, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

HOLDERNESSE. 

To the Governor and Company, of Rhode Island. 

Governor Greene to Lord Loudoun. 



Newport, Rhode Island, May 0, 1757. 

My Lord : — As my country hath thought proper that I should take upon me the 
office of chief magistrate of this colony, I am, in that character, to acknowledge the 
receipt of two letters of the oOth of April and 2d inst., by Your Lordship, ad- 
dressed to my predecessor. 

I laid both before the General Assembly, Avhich, very fortunately, was slttino- at 
the time. Those letters were sent me by Mr. Hopkins. 

I earnestly pressed them to put the colony in such a posture of defence, as you 



54 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

recommended ; but could not prevail upon the representatives of the people to go 
any further than to pass an act empowering me to raise out of the militia, and up- 
on the reipiisition of Major General Webb, or the commanding officer for the time 
being, forthwith send one hundred and fifty men to assist in defending the country, 
as you Avill perceive by the copy enclosed. 

The reason that the gentlemen would not come in to measures for getting a 
greater number of men in readiness, was, that these one hundred and fifty will make 
up the complement that this government furnished the last campaign, which it was 
thought will exactly conform with His Majesty's demand, signified to us by liis sec- 
retary of state. 

I have [only] to add, that you may rely up [on my doing] every thing in my 
power, for his and the defence of the country. 
With great regard, 

Your Lordship's most obedient, most humble servant, 

W. GREENE. 

To His Excellency the Earl of Loudoun. 

Instructions to Samuel Angel, Commander in Chief of the Rhode 
Island troops. 

By the Honorable WiUiam Greene, Esq., Governor, captain general and command- 
er in chief over the English colony of Rhode Island and Providence Planta- 
tions, in New England, in America. 

Instructions to be carefully observed by Samuel Angel, Esq., commanding officer 
of the five companies raised in this colony, and all and every the officers under 
him, to be employed in the service of His Majesty, under the immediate com- 
mand and direction of His Excellency the Earl of Loudoun. 

First. You are to embrace the first suitable weather, and embark with the 
troops under your command in the vessels provided by His Majesty for that purpose, 
and proceed directly to New York ; when you shall arrive there, you are to wait 
upon His Excellency the Earl of Loudoun, and inform His Lordship of your ar- 
rival, and obey his orders relating to the disposition of your troops. But if His 
Lordship should not be at New York, you are then to proceed to Albany, and ac- 
quaint His Lordship, or the commanding officer of the army there, of your arrival, 
and follow his directions. 

Second. During the voyage, make it your principal care, that all under you be 
well treated in every respect, that the troops may be in good order when you ar- 
rive, full of spirit and vigor ; and steadily exert yourself that they may continue so 
at all times after. 

Third. You are required to take particular care that none of the stores and 
other things committed to your charge, or that may fall under your cognizance or 
notice, be wasted, embezzled or damnified in any way or manner ; and that the 
clothino- delivered into your hands, agreeably to a vote of the General Assembly, 
be distributed to the soldiers, and an exact account kept of the same ; each soldier 
to be charged with what he may take up. 

Fourth. You are to take due care that the troops be constantly sujjplied with 
necessaries of all sorts Avhile marching, and when encamped ; that their provisions- 



1757.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 55 



be well dressed, that they be kept neat and clean, and that every thing be man- 
aged in that and all other respects, with prudence and discretion, by you yourself", 
and all under you. 

Fifth. Also, it is expected, and you are hereby required, to give constant and 
frequent advice unto your constituents, of the state of the army in general, and of 
the said five companies in particular ; as also accounts of the strength, situation and 
motions of the enemy, with all other news or intelligence, that may from time to 
time occur. 

Sixth. Notwithstanding all and every of the above written, it is expected that 
yourself, and all under you, shall, and are hereby required to observe and follow 
the orders and directions of the commanding officer appointed or to be appointed 
by His Excellency the Earl of Loudoun. 

Given under my hand, in Newport, this 10th day of May, and in the thir- 
tieth year of His Majesty's reign. Anno Domini 1757. 

W. GREENE. 

The Earl of Holdeniesse to the Governor and Company of Rhode 
Island, relative to Privateers. 



Whitehall, May 20th, 1757, 

Gentlemen : — The enclosed extract of a letter from Vice Admiral Townsend to 
Mr. Clevland, together with the affidavits thereunto annexed, will inform you of the 
piratical behaviour of several privateers, fitted out in North America, towards 
the Spaniards, in the West Indies ; particularly of the Peggy, of New York, one 
Hadden, master ; and of a privateer, from Hahfax, commanded by one Snooke. 

It was with the greatest indignation, that His Majesty received this account of 
proceedings on the part of his subjects, not only contrary to all humanity and good 
faith, but to the general instructions given to privateers ; and in direct breach of 
the additional one of the 5th of October last, with regard to Spanish ships ; and 
the King being determined that the most rigorous justice shall be put in execution 
against such notorious acts of violence, has directed the Governors of New York, 
and Nova Scotia, to commence prosecutions against the owners, masters and se- 
curities of the two privateers, above mentioned. 

And it is His IMajesty's pleasure, in case either or both of them shall j5ut into any 
port within your government, that you do cause them to be detained, giving imme- 
diate notice to the Governor of New York, of the arrival of the Peggy, Hadden, 
master; and of that from Halifax, commanded by Snooke, to Governor Lawrence, 
in order that they may send you such cHrections as they shall judge most expedi- 
ent for the execution of the King's commands, signified to them upon this occasion. 

Though the additional instruction above mentioned, of the 5th of October last, 
has been transmitted to you, from the council office, I send you herewith some 
printed copies thereof; and am to signify to you His ]\Iajesty's pleasure, that you 
be particularly careful, not only to deliver the same to all persons who shall 
hereafter take out commissions for privateers, but also that, whenever any priva- 
teers come to the ports in your government, you do make inquiry whether they 
have already received the said instruction ; and in case you have reason to think 
they have not, you will cause a copy thereof to be deUvered to the commanders of 
such privateers ; and, at the same time, acciuaint them that the Iviug is deter- 



56 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

mined to require the most exact obedience thereto ; and that the severest prosecu- 
tions will be carried on against those who shall, in any manner, act contrary to 
the same, and thereby endanger that harmony which Ills Majesty is so desii-ous to 
preserve Avith the court of Spain. 

I am, gentlemen, 

Your most obetlient, humble servant, 

HOLDERNESSE. 
To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

Order in Council^ concerning Privateers. 

An additional instruction for the commanders of all such sliips and vessels as may 
have letters of marque, or commissions for private men of war, against the French 
king, his vassals and subjects, or others, inhabiting within any of his countries, 
territories, or dominions. 

Given at our court, at Kensington, the 5th day of October, 1 750, in the thir- 
tieth vear of our reign. 

GEORGE R. 
Whereas, complaint has been made unto us, by order of our good brother, the 
Catholic king, that some of the private ships of war, belonging to our subjects, have, 
since the declaration of the present war with France, seized and brought into port, 
certain Spanish ships, without sufficient cause, and contrary to the stipulations of 
the treaty made between the two crowns, in 1667, we do strictly forbid all com- 
manders of such ships and vessels as may have letters of marque, or commissions 
for private men of war, to molest the persons or interrujit the navigation of the 
subjects of the crown of Spain, or to seize or detain any ships or vessels belonging 
to them, on any pretence whatever, unless on account of contraband goods and 
merchandise on board the same. 

And we do further enjoin and command all those who may be in any wise herein 
concerned, to observe all and every part of the treaty above mentioned, in such 
manner as to avoid and prevent all disputes with the officers, commanders and sub- 
jects of His Catholic Majesty. By His Majesty's coimnand, 

H. FOX. 



Admiral Holhiirne to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Newark, In Halifax Harbor, , 1757. 

Sir : — I herewith enclose a letter from one of His Majesty's principal secretaries 
of state, lor Your Honor. 

I beg leave to acquaint Your Honor, that I am come here with a squadron of 
His Majesty's ships, to protect the colonies and trade of His Majesty's subjects ; 
and I shall be glad If you will acquaint me whenever I can be of service ; and 
that you will likewise communicate to me any intelligence you may get, of the 
enemy's motions from time to time. 

It being of the gi-eatest consequence that the squadron under my command in 
those seas should be kept in a proper condition, AvIth regard to being manned, so 
as always to enable them to meet the enemy (who are very strong here, at present), 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 57 

I must pray your assistance in procuring men for the ships, which are very defi- 
cient, occasioned by sickness ; and if not completed, may be of the greatest preju- 
dice to the nation. 

I shall not doubt of your assistance in this, as 1 have His Majesty's directions for 
applying to you ; and if men can be supplied for the fleet, without impressing, you 
may be assured the vessels belonging to your government shall pass unmolested ; 
only in case any vessel is found carrying off seamen from the men of war, or trans- 
ports, clandestinely, (as I, myself, know they have frequently done), the conse- 
quences will be greatly to their prejudice ; and they must submit to what will fol- 
io *v. I must pray your enforcing this, in the strongest manner ; and am, sir, 
Your most obedient, humble servant, 

FRA: HOLBURNE. 
To the Governor and Company of His Majesty's colony of Rhode Island, in 

America. 



JProcecdings of the General Assembli/, held for the Ccloiiy of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, on Monday, the 
\Wi day of June, 1757. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, there are a number of French prisoners confined 
within this colony, and supported at the expense of the 
public, — - 

This Assembly, therefore, do vote and resolve, and it is voted 
and resolved, that His Honor the Governor, or His Honor the 
Deputy Governor, be, and they and each of them are, and is 
hereby empowered to permit the s.ud Fi-ench prisoners to go 
unto Europe or the West Indies ; that is to say : one or two in 
a vessel, as mariners, and at such wages as they shall agree 
for. 

This Assembly do vote and. resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that John Tillinghast and Daniel C'oggeshall, Esq.s, 
Mr. Joseph Lippitt and James bheffield, Esq., be, and they 
hereby are, appointed x comaiittee to audit the accounts of the 
committee of war, and make report unto this Assembly daring 
their present session. 

VOL, VL 8 



58 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

An Act to further prevent the inhabitants of this colony from 

carrying on any trade or commerce with the French. 

Whereas, the laws that have been heretofore made for pre- 
venting the inhabitants of this colony from carrying on trade 
with the French, now at open war with our most gracious sov- 
ereign, have been found so far from being sufficient, that sev- 
eral have traflBcked and carried on commerce with the subjects 
of France, under the pretence of going to a Spanish port, called 
Monti Christo, upon the island of Hispaniola, which is but a 
few leagues distant from the French settlements upon that 
island ; for preventing whereof, in time to come, — - 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that from and after the publication 
of this act, if any person or persons shall proceed out of any 
port or place in this colony, in a ship or other vessel, unto the 
island of Hispaniola, or any port, harbor, creek or haven there- 
in, either as master, merchant or fictor, they shall forfeit and 
pay as a fine, the sum of £10,000, to be recovered by bill, 
plaint or information, in any court of record within the colony ; 
one half to and for the colony's use, and the other half unto 
him or them that shall inform and sue for the same -, and the 
offender shall also suffer one year's imprisonment in His Maj- 
esty's jail, without bail or mainprize. 

And furthermore, the ship or vessel in which such person or 
persons go or return from the island of Hispaniola, shall be 
forfeited, together with her cargo ; one half to and for the col- 
ony's use, and the other, unto him or them, who shall inform 
and sue for the same. And this act shall be in force during the 
continuance of the present war, and no longer. 

Whereas, sundry inhabitants of Prudence Island, in the 
county of Newport, preferred a petition, and represented unto 
this Assembly, that as they live upon an island, in the town- 
ship of Portsmouth, which lieth at a considerable distance from 
the said town of Portsmoutli, whereby it hath oftentimes hap- 
pened that the weather hath proved so tempestu ous upon a 
training day, that they have not been able to g et unto Ports- 
mouth, as their duty required, which subjected them to great 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 59 

difficulties ; they pray to be erected and made into a company 
or trained band, and have proper officers to command them ; in 
consideration whereof, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that the inhabitants of the said 
Prudence Island be, and they hereby are, created and made a 
company or trained band, to be distinguished and called the 
second company or trained band of the town of Portsmouth, 
and for the future, shall be under proper officers. 

And accordingly, this Assembly do choose and appoint 
John Allen, Jr., captain ; Caleb Hill, lieutenant ; and Joshua Al- 
len, ensign, of the said second company or trained band of the 
town of Portsmouth. 

Whereas, John Tillinghast and Daniel Coggeshall, Esqs., 
Mr. Joseph Lippitt and James Sheffield, Esq., were, by this As- 
sembly, at the beginning of the present session, appointed a 
committee to audit the accounts of the committee of war, and 
make report thereon, before the rising of this Assembly ; and 
whereas, the major part of the said committee, having entered 
upon that service, presented the report following : 

Report of the Committee. 

We, the subscribers, being appointed a committee to exam- 
ine and see what sums of money the committee of war hath re- 
ceived of the general treasurer, that they ought to account 
with the government for, do report, that — 

£ s. d. 

Stephen Hopkins, Esq., hath received 132,618 10 8 

Daniel Jenckes, Esq 102,208 16 8 

What the other gentlemen of the committee of war have re^ 
€eived, consists of such a number of draughts on the treasurer, 
that we apprehend we cannot report this session. 

DANIEL COGGESHALL, 
JOSEPH LIPPITT, 
June ]6th, 1757. JAMES SHEFFIELD. 



60 RECOEDS OF THE COLONY OF KHODE IgLA^•D [1757. 

And this Assembly, having taken said report into consid- 
eration, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
same be, and is hereby, accepted. 

Whereas, Obadiah Biown and Samuel Chace, Esqs., and Mr. 
Joseph Lippitt, were appointed to audit the accounts of the 
Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Esq., as a member of the committee of 
war, and having performed that service, presented this Assem- 
bly ^vith what followeth: 

The colony of Rhode Island, their account with 

Stephen Hopkins, one of the committee of war. Dr. 

£ s. d. 
To sundry articles, as contained and charged in the paper marked 

No. 1, settled, and vouchers produced 27,739 5 10 

£ s.d. 
To sundry articles charged in lawful money in the same pa- 
per. No. 1 302 10 

To the charges in the paper No. 2, lawful money 6 73 OS 3 

" " " No. 5, " 823 10 

£1,799 08 3 23,992 03 04 
To cash paid in lawful money of the colony of Connecticut, 
£493 1 7.S. 1 1|^/., equal to l,646i dollars, at £5 lbs. apiece, in the 

paper No. 3 9,466 08 04 

To cash paid sundry persons, as charged in No. 4 8,415 02 11 

" " " " No. 6 4,524 02 00 

" " " No. 7 3.31105 09 

No. 8 12,3501409 

£89,799 02 09 
To my commissions on £42,005 13.s. 2d., audited February 20th, 

1 756, at two per cent 840 02 03 

To my commissions on the above sum of £89,799 2.s-. 9^., now au- 
dited, at two per cent 1,796 00 00 

£92,435 05 00 
To a former account, audited 20th February, 1756 42,005 13 02 

£134,440 18 02 

Cr. By cash received of the general treasurer at sundry times 132,618 10 08 

Examined by order of the Assembly, the 15th day of June, 1757. 

DANIEL COGGESHALL. JMlES SHEFFIELD. 

JOSEPH LIPPITT, 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 61 

We, the subscribers, being appointed by the General Assembly, to examine and 
adjust the accounts of Steplien Hopkins, Esq., as he is one of the committee of war, 
fji" the colony of Rhode Island, since the 20th day of February, 1756, have accord- 
ingly done the same, he having produced proper vouchers for the sum of £89,- 
793'2.s-. Qd. 

We therefore report, that he ought to be credited for that sum in his account 
with the colony. And as to what sums he hath received of the colony's treasurer, 
we have no knowledge. 

Witness our hands, this 29th day of April, 1757. O. BROWN, 

JOS. LIPPITT, 
SAM'L CHACE. 

And now, this Assembly having taken the premises into 
consideration, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
said report, be, and the same is, hereby accepted. 

Whereas, Mr. Robert Haszard, of South Kingstown, and 
Capt. John Reynolds, of Exeter, were appointed by the General 
Assembly, to run the dividing line between these two towns, 
and erect monuments therein, and the gentlemen having per- 
formed that service, presented the following report, to wit : 

Ueport of the committee appointed to run the Tjoiindary line letween 
South Kingstown and Exeter. 

Whereas, we, the subscribers, being appointed a committee, 
by the General Assembly of the colony of Rhode Island, &c., 
on the 20th day of November, A. D. 1706, to run the line be- 
tween S. KiagstowQ and Exeter, and erect proper monuments ; 
and in obedience thereto, we have taken in hand that a ('[air, 
and do conclude and a2;ree that the said line shall befrin in 
the middle of the highway that leads westward from Eber 
Shearman's, and opposite to the dividing line between N. Kings- 
town and Exeter, and run along the middle of said highway^ 
westward, till it comes opposite to a large white oak tree, Avhich 
is the south-west corner of Jeoffrey Champlin, Jr's. farm, which 
was formerly JeOiTreyHaszard's farm, and five rods distance south 
or southward from said tree ; and then beginning at a black 
oak tree, that has formerly been marked, which is at out ton 
Tods from the aforesaid white oak tree, to the southward ; and 



62 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

ma from thence west twenty-seven degrees north ; which line 
hits the south part of the house where Jonathan Shearman 
formerly lived ; and so continued that course to the highway 
that divides Richmond and Exeter, making several monuments 
in said line. 

Witness our hands, the 28th of April, 1757. 

ROBERT HASZARD, 
JOHN REYNOLDS, JR. 

And this Assembly, having taken the said report into con- 
sideration, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that 
the same be, and is hereby, accepted. 

An Act for proportioning a rate of £100,000, old tenor, upon 
the several towns in this colony ; and for ordering the same 
to be assessed, levied and collected, before or upon the last 
day of October next. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that the rate of £100,000, old 
tenor, ordered by the General Assembly to be assessed, levied 
and collected the 30th day of December next, be, and the 
same is hereby, ordered to be assessed, levied, collected and 
paid into the general treasury, before or upon the 31st day of 
October next. 

And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the said 
rate shall be, and it is hereby proportioned unto the several 
towns in this colony, in the following manner, that is to say : 

£ s. d. £ s. d. 

Newport 20,000 00 00 Providence 7,578 00 00 

Portsmouth .... 4,496 02 00 Smithfield 5,770 00 00 

New Shoreham.. 2,116 13 05 Scituate 2,560 00 00 

Jamestown .... 2,252 ] 8 10 Glocester 2,550 00 00 

Middletown. . . .3,076 00 00 Cumberland. . . 1,668 00 00 

Tiverton 3,304 11 09 Cranston 3,874 00 00 

Little Compton. 3,252 16 07 

£24,000 00 00 

£38,500 00 00 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 63 

<£ S. d. 

Westerly 2,528 00 00 

N.Kingstown ..4550 00 00 
S.Kingstown ..7,337 10 00 
Charlestown . . . 1,750 00 00 

Exeter 2,225 00 00 

Richmond 1,525 00 00 

Hopkinton. .. 2,084 10 00 



£22,000 00 00 





£ 8. d. 


Bristol. . . 


..2,600 00 00 


Warren 


. .2,400 00 00 








£5,000 00 00 


Warwick 


..4,627 00 00 


E. Greenwich 


..2,581 00 00 


West Greenwich,l,646 00 00 


Coventry .... 


..1,646 00 00 



£10,500 00 00 



And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the assessors or rate makers shall, upon their assessing, or ap- 
portioning the aforesaid rate, return a true bill, or list of the 
same, unto the clerk of the town unto which they respectively 
belong, within fort}^ days after the rising of this Assembly ; 
and the said town clerk is hereby directed to send a copy 
thereof unto the general treasurer, in four days ; who, upon re- 
ceipt thereof, shall issue his warrant in four days, unto the sev- 
eral collectors of rates of the respective towns, requiring them, 
in His Majesty's name, to collect and pay unto the general 
treasurer, for the time being, the several sums to them respec- 
tively committed, in order to their collecting the same. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
each respective town shall pay all the charges and fees that 
shall arise in, or upon the assessing and collecting its part of 
the aforesaid rate or tax. 

And it is further enacted, that the poll money in assessing 
this rate, shall be six pence per £1,000. 

And the secretary is hereby directed to send a copy of this 
act to every town clerk in the colony, within ten days after 
the rising of this Assembly, to be by said town clerk immediate- 
ly delivered unto the assessors or rate makers of his town. 

And the respective collectors of this rate, are hereby re- 
quired to use all diligence in collecting the same ; and as soon 
as they have collected any considerable sum of money, to pay 



64 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

the same unto the general treasurer, so that the whole sums 
be paid into the treasury by the time in this act liuiited. 

An Act to prevent the commanders of privateers, or masters of 

any other vessels, from carrying slaves out of this colony. 

Whereas, it frequently happens that the commanders of pri- 
vateers, and masters of other vessels, do carry off slaves that 
are the property of inhabitants of this colony, and that without 
the privity or consent of their masters or mistresses ; and 
whereas, there is no law of this colony for remedying so great 
an evil, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and 
by the authority of the same, it is enacted, that from and after 
the publication of this act, if any commander of a private man 
of war, or master of a merchant ship or other vessel, shall 
knowingly carry away from, or out of this colony, a slave or 
slaves, the property of any inhabitant thereof, the commander 
of such privateer, or the master of the said merchant ship or 
vessel, shall pay, as a fine, the sum of £500, to be recovered 
by the general treasurer of this colony for the time being, by 
bill, plaint, or information in any court of record within this 
colony. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the owner or owners of any slave or slaves that may be carried 
away, as aforesaid, shall have a right of action against the 
commander of the said privateer, or master of the said mer- 
chant ship or vessel, or against the owner or owners of the 
same, in which the said slave or slaves is, or are carried away ; 
and by the said action or suit, recover of him or them, double 
damages. 

And whereas, disputes may arise respecting the knowledge 
that the owner or owners, commanders or masters of the said 
private men of war, merchant ships or vessels may have of any 
slave or slaves being on board a privateer, or merchant ship 
or vessel, — 

Be it therefore further enacted, and by the authority afore- 
said, it is enacted, that when any owner or owners of any 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 65 

slave or slaves in this colony, shall suspect that a slave or 
slaves, to him, her or them belonging, is, or are, on board any 
private man of war, or merchant ship or vessel, the owner or 
owners of such slave or slaves may make application, either to 
the owner or owners, or to the commander or master of the said 
ship or vessel, before its sailing, and inform him or them there- 
of; which being done in the presence of one or more substan- 
tial witness or witnesses, the said information or application 
shall amount to, and be construed, deemed and taken to be a 
full proof of his or their knowledge thereof; provided, the 
said slave or slaves shall go in any such ship or vessel. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
if the owner or owners of any slave or slaves in this colony, 
or any other person or persons, legally authorized by the owner 
or owners of a slave or slaves, shall attempt to go on board any 
privateer, or a merchant ship or vessel, to search for his, her or 
their slave or slaves, and the commander or master of such 
ship or vessel, or other officer or officers on board the same, in 
the absence of the commander or master, shall refuse to permit 
such owner or owners of a slave or slaves, or other person or 
persons, authorized, as aforesaid, to go on board and search for 
the slave or slaves by him, her or them missed, or found ab 
sent, such refusal shall be deemed, construed, and taken to be 
full proof that the owner or owners, commander or master of 
the said privateer or other ship or vessel, hath, or have a real 
knowledge that such slave or slaves is, or are on board. 

And this act shall be forthwith published, and there- 
from have, and take force and effect, in and throughout this 
colony. 

Accordingly the said act was published by beat of drum,' on 
the 17th day of June, 1757, a few minutes before noon, by 

THO. WARD, Secretary. 

Whereas, there are two books in the secretary's olhce, 
which were provided for registering letters received from or 
sent to the agent, but have not yet been used, — 

VOL. VI. 



66 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the said books be ap- 
plied, one for recording all the letters that the colony hath 
received from the crown or others, concerning the affairs of 
the government ; and the other for registering such letters as 
the colony hath sent abroad ; but that the secretary go no fur- 
ther back than the packets for declaring the present war, and 
other papers and letters since. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the rate of £100,000, be forthwith proportioned un- 
to the several towns; and that a committee be appointed to draw 
up an act before the rising of this Assembly, in order to settle 
and adjust the said proportion. 

Whereas, the General Assembly, at their session in Provi- 
dence, on the first Tuesday in February last, appointed a com- 
mittee to build a sloop for protecting the trade, &c., at the ex- 
pense of the colony ; and this Assembly having better consid- 
ered of that matter, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
vessel now building at Providence, in consequence of the 
above mentioned vote, shall be made into a brigantine. 

Whereas, Messrs. William Richards and John Coddington, 
both of Newport, in the county of Newport, merchants, in com- 
pany, and owners of the private man of war, called the Aber- 
crombie, commanded by Capt. Joseph Rivers, which was lately 
taken into the colony's service by His Honor the Deputy 
Governor, exhibited unto this Assembly an account by him 
charged against the government, for the hire of their said ves- 
sel, and for necessaries expended in a cruise lately made out 
of the harbor of Newport, by the said brig, in order to take a 
French privateer which His Honor had been informed was 
hovering about the coast of this colony, and had made one 
or more captures ; and the said account being duly exam- 
ined, — 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that £290, the balance thereof, be allowed and paid 
the said William Richards and John Coddington, out of the 
general treasury. 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 67 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the general treasurer be, and hereby is, directed to 
hire a sum of silver money sufficient to pay the colony's com- 
missioners that waited upon His Excellency the Earl of Lou- 
doun, at the congress held in Boston, the last winter. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the committee of war be, and hereby are, requested 
to agree with a good doctor, upon the best terms they can, and 
send him up to the forces raised by this colony, as soon as 
they can ; and that six shillings and eight pence. New York 
currency, be added to the monthly wages of the soldiers in the 
colony's pay ; that the said addition be paid the said soldiers 
weekly, by equal payments, to enable them to purchase such 
small stores as have not yet been allowed them ; that the com- 
mittee of war send such goods to New York, or Albany, as 
they shall think best ; to raise the money for the commanding 
officer to pay the additional wages and send a further supply 
of medicines to the camp, when they shall find it necessary. 

And that His Honor the Governor be, and hereby is, re- 
quested to answer Col. Angel's letter, and inform him that by 
the encouragement which this government received from one 
of His Majesty's principal secretaries of state, and His Excel- 
lency the Earl of Loudoun, it was expected the transportation 
of the baggage and camp furniture would be at the King's 
charge, and that our sick should have the same care taken of 
them as the regulars. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Mr. Joseph Lippitt be, and he hereby is, appointed 
to receive of the Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Esq., late Governor of 
this colony, all papers and letters of a public nature, belong- 
ing to the government, which he has in his hands, and deliver 
the same unto His Honor, the present Governor. 

An Act to prevent the soldiers in the pay of this colony from 
embezzling and destroying the arms which they have been 
furnished with, at the expense of the government. 
Whereas, this colony hath been greatly injured by the troops 



68 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

in former campaigns, embezzling and destroying their arms ; 
for preventing whereof, for the future, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the authori- 
ty thereof it is enacted, that the committee of war be, and they 
hereby are, strictly enjoined to require an account of every sol- 
dier returning from the camp, without his arms, what became 
of them ; and if the soldier or soldiers so returning, either by 
furlough or discharged, do not bring a certificate from the cap- 
tain of the company unto which he or they belonged, that he 
or they have delivered up his or their arms in good order unto 
the said captain, or to the person or persons that may be ap- 
pointed for that purpose, before his or their leaving the camp, 
that the said committee of war deduct out of the wages of 
such soldier or soldiers, the full value of such arms as he or 
they were furnished with ; and that a copy of this act be forth- 
with sent unto the commanding otficer of the troops of this 
colony ; and that the said commanding officer inform the troops 
of the contents of this act. 

Whereas, Samuel Ward, of Westerly, in the county of 
Kings county, preferred a petition, and represented unto this 
Assembly, that Stephen Hopkins, of Providence, in the county 
of Providence, Esq , commenced an action of defamation against 
him, laying his damages at £20,000, which action, according 
to the tenor of the writ, was to have been tried at the inferior 
court of common pleas, to be holden at Providence, within and 
for the county of Providence, the third Tuesday of this instant 
June ; upon which, the petitioner knowing Mr. Hopkins to 
have a great many relations, and a very extensive influence in 
the county last mentioned, and imagining upon that account, 
that the trial would not be so impartial as it ought to be ; 
and being also threatened with regard to his life, preferred a 
petition to this Assembly, at their last session, that the hear- 
ing and trying of the said action might be removed to some 
other county within this colony ; upon which, it was voted, 
that the said petition should be referred unto this present ses- 
sion ; that the adverse party should be served Avith a copy 
thereof and cited to appear and answer at this time 5 and that 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 69 

all further proceedings in the said case should be stayed in the 
mean while ; and accordingly, the said Samuel Ward caused 
the said Stephen Hopkins to be served with a copy of his said 
petition, and the votes of the General Assembly thereupon, 
with a citation, as usual, in such cases ; but he, the said Stephen 
Hopkins paying no regard to the said act of the General As- 
sembly, for stopping all further proceedings, hath entirely 
evaded the force thereof, by withdrawing the action aforesaid, 
and commencing a new one against the petitioner for the same 
cause : and hath filed a declaration to the court, aforesaid. 

Wherefore, the said Samuel Ward prayed that for the rea- 
sons aforesaid, and such others as may be rendered, the hearing 
and trying of the said action may be removed from the county 
of Providence, to some other, in order to a fair and impartial 
trial. 

And the parties being present here in court, did. by a writ- 
ing under their hands, agree, that in case the said Samuel 
Ward shall appear at Rehoboth, in the Province of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay, on or before Thursday, the 23d of this instant 
June, and give the aforesaid Stephen Hopkins an opportunity to 
arrest him there, then he, the said Stephen Hopkins, shall with- 
draw his action brought against him, the' said Samuel Ward, 
at Providence court, and not bring another against him in this 
colony, for the same cause ; and the said Samuel Ward shall 
not plead any plea to the action brought against him in the 
Massachusetts that is founded on his being sued out of the 
colony where he dwells ; each party having the full advantage 
of the laws of the said Province ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by the 
authority of the same it is enacted, that the agreement so made 
by the said Sam'l Ward and Stephen Hopkins, be, and the same 
is hereby, allowed and approved. 

God save the Kins:. 



70 RECOKDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 



Governor DeLamcfj of New York to Governor Greene. 

New York, 3(1 June, 1757. 
Sir : — Yesterday evening, Sir Charles Hardy embarked to fall down to Sandy 
Hook, to take under his care the transports with the troops ; and has left the ad- 
ministration of this government in my hands, as Lieutenant Governor. You will 
therefore be pleased to direct your letters to me accordingly, if any thing should 
occur, in which I may be able to further His Majesty's service. 

The embargo is to be continued here, till at least a week after the departure of the 
transports from Sandy Hook, of which you shall have timely notice ; the reason of 
this measure is, that no knowledge of their sailing may fall into the enemy's hands 
before the junction at Halifax, where they will have the protection of the fleet 
under Mr. Holbm-ne. I am, sir. 

Your most obedient and most humble servant, 

JA]\IES DE LANCEY. 
To the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Lord Loudoun to Governor Greene. 

New York, June 5th, 1757. 

Sir : — As the fleet is now ready to sail, I take this opportunity to acquaint you, 
that in conjunction Avith Sir Charles Hardy, we have agreed that the embargo 
should not be any longer continued on account of the service we are now going on, 
than seven days after we are sailed from this port ; but we think it absolutely ne- 
cessary that it should be continued so long, in order to prevent the enemy from 
having intelligence of our motion, fi'om any ships they might take ; and it will not 
be taken off here any sooner. 

I shall leave my letters with Lieutenant Governor DeLancey, to be forwarded to 
you as soon as we sail. 

I am sorry to find, by letters from Major General Webb, that the whole of your 
troops arrived at Albany without arms ; and am surprised that my first account of 
that should come from the general commanding on that frontier, so near to the 
enemy, without having any account of it, either from you, or the officers who com- 
manded those troops; most of whom were with me, as they passed New York ; and 
the more so, that the Province have at this time, three hundred of the King's arms 
in their possession ; and that by the secretary of state's letter to you, it is insisted 
on, that the provinces should arm the troops raised by them. 

As I had no notice of this want, the supplying of it has occasioned a good deal of 
inconvenience ; and as I have His Majesty's orders, to take care of, and call in all 
the arms he has sent to this country, for the defence and security of his dominions 
and subjects, I must insist on those arms being immediately sent to Albany, to re- 
place those issued for the use of the troops from your province ; and to prevent His 
Majesty's good intentions from being frustrated by the embezzlement of the arms so 
liberally sent for the defence of his subjects In this country. 

I am likewise under a necessity of acquainting you, that I have curtain ai-counts 
of many vessels from the ports of your province, having traded with, and supplied 
the enemy In their own ports, even during the present embargo. 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 71 

I hope you will cause Inquiry into this, and bring the oifenders to condign pun- 
ishment ; as it is directly contrary to law, and the means by which the enemy are 
enabled to sujjport their own colonies, and distress, both the provinces in North 
America, and the mother country. 

I am, with great respect sir. 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

LOUDOUN. 
To the Governor of Rhode Island. 



Order from the Lords Coimnissioners, &c., to the Governor and 
Company/ of Rhode Island. 

Whitehall, June 9, 1757. 
Gentlemen : — His Majesty having, in pursuance of an address to the House of 
Commons, of the 25th of last month, commanded us to lay before that House, in 
the next session of Parliament, an account of the iron made in His Majesty's colo- 
nies in America, from Christmas, 1749, to 5th of January, 1756, distinguishing each 
year ; we desire you will, forthwith, upon the receipt of this letter, take the proper 
and most effectual method for obtaining the said account, so far as relates to the 
colony under your government, and transmit the same to us, with all possible ex- 
pedition. We are, &c., &c., 

SOAME JENYNS, JAJilES OSWALD, 

W. SLOPER, W. G. HAAHLTON. 

DUNK HALIFAX, 
To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 



Major General Webb to Governor Greene. 

Albany, June 9, 1757. 

Sir : — Your favor of the 10th of last month, I am to acknowledge, and should 
have answered sooner, but that the hurry of business I have till now been in, has 
prevented me. 

Should His Majesty's service require a reinforcement of troops from the diflerent 
colonies, I shall apply to you for the quota raised by your province, and doubt not 
but they will be In readiness to march at the shortest notice. 

As the forces belonging to the Rhode Island government now here, are not sup- 
plied with a surgeon, or armorer, I flatter myself I need not urge to you the necessity 
of their being provided with both, by the first opportunity; His Majesty's service, 
as well as the Interest of the colony, demanding an Immediate com2:)lIance there- 
with. 



Col. Angell having Informed me that the troops raised by the colony of Rhode 
Island, Avere promised some indulgencles, such as rum, molasses, &c., I cannot lielp 



72 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

thinking that the neglect of supplying them, therewith, according to promise, may 
occasion a discontent amongst them that may be attended with bad consequence ; 
but shall leave it to your own judgment to determine. 
I am, sir, with great regard. 

You most obedient, and most humble servant, 

DAN. WEBB. 
To William Greene, Esq. 

Col Samuel AngeU to Governor Hopkins. 

Flats, near Albany, 10th June, 1757. 

Sir : — Since I arrived at Albany, I have waited on General Webb several 
times ; at which times, he made particular inquiry of the condition of the Rhode 
Island troops, which he finds deficient in many things, which he admires at ; and 
more particularly at theii' sending no surgeon ; for he informs me, that we can't 
expect any service from the surgeons of the regular troops ; and that if any of our 
men go into the hospital, they must pay five pence sterling, per day. 

He also advised me to send an express, that might arrive before the General 
Assembly rises from their next session. 

He also informs me that the government must be at the expense of trans- 
porting all their baggage and camp furniture ; but that he will let us have carri- 
ages when he has them to spare ; but to be charged to the colony. 

So that it is uncertain whether I shall have the King's wagons or not ; if not, 
there will want a considerable sum of ready cash ; as the most of the £200 I had 
orders to draw, will soon be expended ; for it takes more than the one-half for re- 
pairing of the arms, which I found in a most miserable condition, and not a number 
sufficient by seventy-odd ; for the which seventy, I must give my indenture, for to 
see them returned in good order, or the value in cash. 

As I expect to give such security, in order that the colony's troops may be well 
armed, I shall think hard if they do not make provision that I may be secure 
against all casualties, except my own bad conduct, which I expect to be accounta- 
ble for, to the government, if I return ; if I should die, and be killed in the cam- 
paign, and nothing done by the colony, on the aforesaid account, my estate would 
be obliged to pay for all not returned. 

Another very particular affair, that causeth great uneasiness amongst our troops 
is, their being cut off from most of the small stores promised them by proclamation, 
as in foregoing campaigns The effect of the foregoing misfortune, I am afraid will 
cause many of our men to desert. An example of the kind began two days ago, 
by three of our men, the names of wlilch I shall send to the committee of war, in 
order that they may be detected. 

In regard to the deficiency of the colony's quota of men. General Webb, I expect 
will write to you, (by Lieut. Tew, who Is the bearer of these,) on that account ; 
for which reason I shall he silent, only with making a return of the troops, as they 
now are. 

I must recommend to you, and the gentlemen of the upper and lower houses of 
Assembly, that It is absolutely necessary that the speediest and best method be 
taken to prevent the before mentioned difficulties, which I make no doubt but 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 73 

■when Your Honoi' and the other gentlemen of the Assembly take into considera- 
tion, you will make proper provision, that there will be no reason of complaint? 
either from officer or soldier. 

The latest intelligence that has been of the enemy, is by a sergeant, that was 
taken in Roger's fight, that had made his escape from Montreal, eighteen days ago, 
which is as follows : that at Canada, they are extremely scarce of provisions, and 
have no bread, but what is made of peas and oats ; that meat is two Uvres per 
pound ; and that they had sent eighteen hundred regular troops to Ci-owu Point, 
this spring. No more, but remain. 

Your most obedient, and most humble servant, 

SAM. ANGELL. 

To the Hon. William Greene, Esq. 

Jan de Weiidt, Governor of jSt. Eiistatius, to the Governor of RJiode 

Island. 

St. Eustatius, June 14th, 1757. 

Sir : — I am to acquaint you, that one Isaac Hopkins, commander of a private 
brigantine of war, fitted out of your colony, did, on Monday night, May 29th last, 
(in comjDany with one Richards, of Antigua,) seize and carry off" a ship with a val- 
uable cargo, belonging to gentlemen in this island, who are proper subjects to the 
States of Holland. 

And notwithstanding they took possession of her in sight of an English port, 
viz. : Basseth, St. Christopher's, into which they might have carried her, in a few 
hours ; yet, finding all her pajDcrs and proceedings regular, I suppose despairing of 
success in that port, they carried her away for Anguilla, twenty leagues distant, in 
hopes, no doubt, of taking some advantage from the inexperience of persons in trust 
there, in regard to the laws ; but the judge, it seems, refused to libel the ship, 
without first sending up to Antigua, for the advice of counsel. 

Upon this, they concluded to despatch a vessel to Antigua, for this purpose ; and 
advised Capt. Bappel, in the mean time, (pretending to take no manner of advan- 
tage of him,) to go up to St. Eustatius, and advise with the other owners, telling 
him that he need not hurry himself, for that it would be four or five days before 
they could get an answer from Antigua ; and that, that would be time enough for 
liim. 

This, Your Honor will see, by their after behaviour, was a concerted scheme, to 
have an opportunity of running away with the vessel, (and which it seems they ac- 
complished the very next day after Capt. Bappel left them,) to so distant a part of 
the world as yours ; hoping, no doubt, by tliis means, to prevent the owners having 
an opportunity of pursuing them before they could accomplish their clandestine de- 
signs; (I might have said piratical), for I look upon their running away with her, 
from one English port to another, in the manner they have done, to bear but little 
better aspect. 

I have, therefore, in duty to my lords and masters, and in justice to their subjects, 
under my government, granted a flag of truce to Capt. Corns. Bappel, the late 
master of the ship, and part owner, to proceed to your colony (whitlier Richards 
informed him, Hopkins has sent her), in order to demand the restoration of said 
ship and cargo ; and am to request that Y'our Honor will afford him all the protec- 
tion and assistance in your power, for the recovery of his just right ; and in case 
his papers and proceedings are regular, and agreeably to the treaty subsisting be- 

VOL. VT. 1 



74 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

tween the crown of England and the States General, as I am satisfied you'll find 
them, that he will have an immediate delivery of said ship and cargo ; and that 
you will protect him in the recovery of all the damages he has sustained from those 
who have injured him, or their sureties. 

I doubt not Your Honor will think it incimibent on you, from the authority of 
the station in which you are placed, to see justice rendered in a particular manner 
to strangers ; and if any thing of the like nature ever comes within the verge of my 
authority, I will convince you of my disposition to do the same. 

I can't but take this opportunity likewise to acquaint Your Honor, of the cruel 
treatment I myself have lately met with, from a privateer out of your colony, 
(whereof Nathaniel Sweeting was commander,) in having a snow taken and carried 
in to New Providence ; the cargo of which, leing my own property, they have con- 
demned, as French, without having any other evidence for it, (as appeal's by the 
statement of the case sent me, under the judge's authority.) than its being con- 
signed to a Frenchman. 

They also condemned four thousand nine hundred and fifty pieces of 8/8., in 
cash, the property of the owner of the snow, in Holland, for no other reason than 
that the master did not sign bills of lading for it in St. Eustatius, and having the 
money secreted in his cabin ; which I sujipose the master did, for fear of any embez- 
zlement from the sailors ; for he himself swore to its being the property of the 
owner of the snow, Mr. Neuville, a Dutch merchant, in Amsterdam. 

Such proceedings as these, against neutral powers, upon a legal trade, will not 
bring any honor on the English government ; and when they are properly repre- 
sented, as they shall be, and come to appear before higher powers, will, no doubt, 
meet with their just resentment ; and the owners of that privateer may rely upon 
it, I will never give the point up, 'till I have justice done me. 

I am, etc., etc., JAN DE WENDT. 

To the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Major General Webb to Governor Greene. 

Fort Edward, July 30, 1757. 

Sir : — The present exigencies of the ser^dce, fi-om the motion of the French this 
way, with a large army, and the weakness of the several provincial regunents from 
death, sickness and other casualties, requiring the immediate reinforcement of the 
quota each province is to furnish upon my application, agreeably to the instruc- 
tions received by the different governors, from His Excellency the Earl of Lou- 
doun, I must desire you will, immediately on the receipt of this, give orders for the 
march of the one hundred and fifty men, the colony of Rhode Island have thought 
proper to furnish in the emergency, forthwith to Albany, that we may oppose the 
enemy in the best manner we possibly can. 

As the least delay may be of the greatest consequence to His Majesty's colonies 
I must beg they may move up with the utmost expedition. 

Upon their arrival at Albany, Capt. Christie, quarter master general, has my 
orders to supply them with every thing they may want, for theii- further march to 
this place I am, sir, with great regard. 

Your most obedient, and most humble servant, 

DANIEL WEBB, Major General. 

Tq the Governor of Rhode Island. 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 75 



Proceedings of the General Assenihli/, held for the Colon?/ of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Nctvport, on the IWi 
day of August, 1757. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

An Act for raising one-sixth part of the militia in this colony, 

to proceed immediately to Albany, to join the forces which 

have marched, 'to oppose the French, near Lake George. 

Whereas, a number of men is demanded of this colony, by 

the commanders of His Majesty's forces, near Lake George, 

for the relief of Fort William Henry, which is invested by a 

large body of French and Indians ; in compliance with the said 

demands, and to the end that every thing in the power of this 

colony may be done for the preservation of the country, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that one sixth part of the whole 
militia of this colony, be forthwith raised and sent to Albany, 
with all possible despatch, to be under the command of the 
commander in chief of His Majesty's forces, near Lake George, 
and to continue in the service as long as the immediate preser- 
vation of the country requires their stay there, and no longer ; 
and the said men shall be formed into regiment, and be com- 
manded by one colonel, two lieutenant colonels, one major, and 
one of the commissioned officers of the respective companies in 
this colony. 

And for the more easy and expeditious raising the said 
men,- — 

Be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, that His Honor the 
Governor, forthwith issue his warrants to the proper officers, to 
call together all the companies of horse and foot in this colo- 
ny, on or before Monday, the 15th day of this instant August, 
at twelve of the clock, on said day, at one place of rendezvous, 



76 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757- 

in each respective town ; and all the following officers shall be 
included in the lists out of which said sixth part is to be drawn, 
that is to say : all fence viewers, supervisors of highways, field 
drivers, pound keepers, constables, wood-corders, sealers of 
weights and measures, inspectors of wood-corders, sealers of 
leather, viewers of hoops, staves and heading, and gangers, not 
otherwise excused by law. 

Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the names of all persons in the list of each company, shall 
be written on a scroll of paper, and rolled up, and then put in- 
to a hat or box ; and one sixth part thereof, shall be drawn, 
(unless the company agree that the commissioned officers shall 
press said sixth part,) and the persons whose names shall be 
so drawn or pressed, shall go on this service. 

Provided, nevertheless, that any person drawn, who declines 
going, and shall immediately procure an able bodied, effective 
man to go in his room, shall be excused ; but no person shall 
be excused without. 

Provided, also, that no person's name be put into the hat or 
box, who, through sickness or lameness, cannot go, or who was 
out of the government before the meeting of this Assembly. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the commissioned officers of each and every company in this 
colony, both horse and foot, if they cannot agree among them- 
selves, who shall go, shall determine the same by lot, at the 
time of drawing the men ; and the officer or officers so drawn, 
shall be obliged to go in the said regiment. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
any field or other commissioned officer, who shall neglect to do 
his duty, either in calling the companies together, or other- 
wise, shall forfeit and pay as a fine, the sum of £1,000, to and 
for the use of the town in which he resides ; to be levied by 
distress of his goods and chattels, by the sheriff or one of his 
deputies, by a warrant from the Governor, Deputy Governor, 
one of the assistants or judges of the superior or inferior 
courts. 

And any person, who being appointed by his commissioned 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 77 

officers, to warn in the company, shall neglect to do his duty, 
shall forfeit and pay as a fine, the sum of £b 00, which shall 
be recovered in manner abovesaid, by the commissioned offi- 
cers, and be by them duly paid into the town treasury, to and 
for the use of the town. 

And any person being duly warned by beat of drum, or leaving 
notice at his place of abode, six hours before the time of meet- 
ing, which shall be deemed sufficient warning, who shall not 
appear at the time and place to which he is warned, shall for- 
feit and pay as a fine, £100 ; to be recovered in manner as 
abovesaid, by the commissioned officers, and paid into the town 
treasury, to and for the use of the town. 

And the several town treasurers are hereby authorized and 
fully empowered, to sue, and recover of any commissioned offi- 
cer, any fine which he shall neglect to levy and pay into the 
town treasury, which by this act ought to be paid into the 
same. 

And be it further enacted by the authority, aforesaid, that 
the deputies of the several towns be, and they are hereby, em- 
powered to procure, at the expense of the colony, half a pound 
of gun powder, twenty bullets, six flints, and seven days pro- 
visions, for each soldier going upon the present emergency ; 
and they are further empowered and directed, to hire horses 
for the men, and to procure arms, and all other necessaries, in 
the like manner. 

And if the said arras, horses, or any other necessaries cannot 
be procured but by an impress, the deputies are hereby fully 
empowered to press each and every article which they shal 
have occasion for, to forward the said men ; they taking and 
keeping an exact account of what they shall procure of any 
man, that the same may be paid for by the colony ; provided, 
any deputy who is a captain, or who on any reasonable account, 
cannot attend the above service, may appoint some proper per- 
son to do the same in his stead ; and the said person so ap- 
pointed, is hereby required and fully empowered to perform 
the same. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 



78 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

any person, although not belonging to the militia, -svho shall go 
in this service, shall, upon his return, receive the same pay or 
reward which shall he given to those of the militia who go. 

And be it further enacted by the authorit}^ aforesaid, that 
John Andrews, Esq., be colonel ; Maj. Joseph Wanton, Jr., lieu- 
tenant colonel ; Maj. Henry Babcock, second lieutenant colonel, 
and Mr. Stephen Potter, major of the regiment. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
each officer and soldier, who has a horse fit to carry him to 
Albany, shall make use of his own horse ; and those persons 
that have none shall be supplied with horses by the deputies, 
as above directed ; and each person, whose horse goes in the 
present service, shall be paid for the use of the same ; and in 
case any horse be lost, or an}^ way rendered unfit for service, 
the owner of such horse or horses, shall be paid by the colony 
for the same ; and for the end, aforesaid, the deputies of the 
several tow^ns are hereby directed to cause an estimate of said 
horses to be taken. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
each and every commissioned officer, and soldier, who has a 
gun fit for service, shall make use of the same ; and those who 
have none, shall be provided for. And each and every officer 
and soldier shall take a blanket with him, if he has any that 
can be spared from his family ; if not, those who are deficient 
shall be furnished in the manner aforesaid. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
all the officers and men raised in the counties of Newport, 
Providence, Bristol and Kent, do rendezvous at Providence, on 
Tuesday next, and march from that place on the same day, as 
fast as they arrive there ; and those officers and men who are 
raised in the county of Kings county, are hereby directed to 
rendezvous at Little Rest Hill, in South Kingstown, on the 
said Tuesday ; and to march from the said place, in compa- 
nies, as fast as they arrive there. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the general treasurer be, and he is hereby empowered and di- 
rected, to hire the sum of £5,000, old tenor ; and $1,500, for 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 79 

the purposes, aforesaid ; and he is also empowered to hire what 
money may be necessary for the support of the said men, dur- 
ing their continuance in the said services. 

And the committee of war is hereby authorized and fully 
empowered to act and transact all and every thing or things, 
necessary for carrying this act into execution, during the re- 
cess of this General Assembly, with full power to seize any 
provisions or other stores, which may be necessary for the said 
men. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
all persons who go in this present expedition, shall be properly 
rewarded by the colony, for their service. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
all and every officer and soldier, that shall be drawn, as afore- 
said, and ordered to go, or who shall enlist, shall be, and here- 
by is, acquitted and discharged from any writs of execution, 
and writs of arrest, till they return again ; and their bail and 
the sheriff shall be acquited for any sum whatever. 

And be it further enacted, that if there should be any fur 
ther express or expresses from Major Gen. Webb, demanding 
more men, during the recess of the General Assembly, that His 
Honor the Governor, with the advice of his Council, if they 
think it necessary, give orders for the raising and sending for- 
ward so many men as they think proper, in the same manner, 
(and to be draughted out of the militia,) as those are in this 
act. And that all officers and soldiers shall be subject to the 
orders given by His Honor for that purpose, as they are by 
this act ; and for their neglect or refusal, shall be subject to 
the same fines and penalties as above expressed in this act. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
copies of this act be immediately sent by express to the first deputy 
of the several towns; and to each of the colonels in this colony. 

Protest. 

" We dissent from the within act, because the method pro- 
posed for raising the men, operates only upon a particular part 



80 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

of the government ; when, in our opinion, it ought to extend 
to the whole, upon such an emergency as the present. 

JOSEPH WANTON, JR., 
WILLIAM BAILEY." 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the committee of war immediately send a quantity 
of gun powder, balls and flints, sufficient to furnish every sol- 
dier, who by this act made and passed the present session, is 
obliged to proceed to Albany, &c. ; that is to say : the said 
gun powder, balls and flints, shall be sent unto the counties of 
Providence, Kings county and Kent. 

That the said committee of war also procure a quantity of sea 
bread, sufficient to serve all and every of the said officers and 
soldiers seven days ; and send a small vessel to Albany, laden 
with so much provision and other stores, as they shall think 
necessary for the troops of this colony, that are ordered to 
march unto that place. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that three or more 
men, be appointed in each county of this colony, save Bristol, 
which is to send but one, to take care of the horses the officers 
and soldiers shall ride; that the said men be appointed by the 
deputies of the several counties ; who shall return the names 
of the men whom they appoint, to the colonel of the regiment ; 
that the committee of war send a doctor with the regiment 
that shall be raised and sent to Albany ; and that the said 
committee of war procure and send one or more proper person 
or persons (unless one of the said committee shall go in per- 
son,) to proceed with the forces, and pay off the charges and 
expenses that shall arise in their march to Albany ; and that 
the said committee of war be accountable for the money they 
shall receive for that purpose. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that an act made and passed by 
this General Assembly, at their session holden at Newport, on 
the first Wednesday of May last, entitled " An act for empow- 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 81 

ering His Honor the Governor, upon demand being made by 
Major General Webb, or the commanding officer for the time 
being, to raise, and forthwith send, one hundred and fifty men 
to his assistance," and the act made and passed at this present 
session of Assembly, entitled "An act, in addition to an act, made 
and passed by this Assembly at their session begun and holden in 
Newport, on the first Wednesday of May last, entitled 'An act for 
empowering His Honor the Governor, upon demand being made 
by Maj. Gen. Webb, or the commanding officer, for the time being, 
to raise, and forthwith send one hundred and fifty men to his as- 
sistance,'^be, and the said acts are hereby, annulled and repealed. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the General Assembly which stood adjourned unto 
the fourth Monday of this instant August, be, and the same is 
hereby, adjourned unto the third Monday of September next ; 
and that all business lying before them unfinished, be, and 
hereby is, referred unto the said time. 

God save the King. 

Governor Poimudl to Governor Greene. 

Boston, August 4, 1757. 

Sir : — The persons named in the enclosed list, bearers of this letter to Your Honor, 
are the artificers employed by Mr. Shirley, at Oswego ; were taken prisoners there ; 
carried thence to Quebec, and from Quebec sent in a cartel ship to England. 

Upon application to the lords of the admiralty, in behalf of these poor people 
their lordships, in consideration of their services and sufferings, were pleased to di- 
rect that they should be borne on board several of His Majesty's ships and take 
their passage therein, to their own country. They are recommended to me. I 
cannot but esteem it my duty to do every thing in my power to assist people who 
have deserved so well of their country, and suftered in its service. I have there- 
fore advanced them subsistence, to carry them to their respective homes. 

It were impertinent in me, to recommend those who belong to the colony of 
Rhode Island, to Your Honor's care, patronage and protection. 

I cannot but presume from the justice of their employers, that there will be no 
need to seek Your Honor's assistance in helpipg them to their pa}', and other dues, 
which they claim from those who engaged them in the service.* 

In behalf of those who belong to New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, I 
must beg Your Honor's assistance to further them to New York. 
I am, with profound respect, sir, 

Your Honor's most obedient and most humble servant. 

To Governor Greene. T. POWNALL. 

* The followino; were the Rhode Island prisoners alluded to : John Tarbox, Mat.Thomp- 
son.Robt. Hart. Thos. Goddard, Jos. Peterson, Rufus Church, Sara'lMott, Ed. Channel. 
VOL. VI. 11 



82 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 



Gapt. Christie to Governor Greene. 

Albany, August 4th, 1757. 
5^ o'clock, forenoon. 

Sir : — On Sunday last, by express from General Webb, he apprehended the de- 
sign of the enemy against Fort WiUiam Henry. Accordingly he wrote, and I sent 
from this, expresses everywhere, to raise the militia, which intelligence was too 
well grounded ; as the signal guns were fired yesterday morning, and the general 
sent all the men he possibly could spare, previous to that, from Fort Edward. 

But the militia hereabouts, notwithstanding the warmest remonstrances, and 
many expresses sent to their colonels, (the Mohawk River excepted,) have been 
very dilatory ; but they are now beginning to come. 

I have several expresses from General Webb, since yesterday, demanding men, 
with all expedition, as the fate of this country depends upon it. The last, about an 
hour since, which contains the following paragraph, written to me, by order of the 
general, and signed by Capt. Bartman, his aid de camp, dated Fort Edward, 3d 
August, eleven at night : 

" I am to acquaint you, that Fort William Henry was this morning invested by a 
large body of Indians and Canadians; and a little after day break, a large body of 
boats landed with troops and artillery, within sight of the fort. 

A Canadian prisoner, one of our small scouts has just brought in, informs us their 
number amounts to eleven thousand men, with thirty-six pieces of cannon, and 
five mortars, at least. All communication is at present cut off between us. 
There has been a continual firing of artillery and small arms, till a little before 
sunset, when it ceased ; but we know not what has been the issue. 

We ai-e in no situation to assist them, not having fifteen hundred men, in all, at 
this place. You will write to all the governors, by the general's orders, desiring 
they will immediately send all the force they possibly can; as likewise to the colo- 
nels of the militia, as the fate of this colony depends on it." 

After the above, sir, I need add no more ; but that I am, with respect. 

Your most obedient, and most humble servant, 
G. CHRISTIE, A. D. Q. M. G, 
Captain In the 4th regiment, commanding in Albany. 

To the Hon. William Greene, Rhode Island. 

P. S. I sent, the 2d current, an express, with letters to you from General 
Webb 

Capt. Christie to Governor Greene. 

Albany, 5th August, 1757. 

Sir : — I refer you to my letter yesterday, by express, Informing you of Fort 
William Henry being Invested with a large body of the enemy, to the amount of 
eleven thousand men, thirty-six pieces of cannon and five mortars, or upwards. 

I have this moment, another letter, dated the 4th, at eight at night, from 
Fort Edward, which says the firing of great guns and small arms continued 
all that day, very briskly, but ceased at sunset, as it had done the day before. 



1757.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 83 



The general once more commands me to acquaint you, that if you do not order 
your troops in motion, tliis country must be lost. 

I can add nothing further, but that I am, with respect, sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 
G. CHRISTIE, A. D. Q. M. G., 
Captain in 48th regiment, commanding in Albany. 
To the Hon. WilUam Greene, Rhode Island. 

Governor Poivnall to Governor Greene. 

Boston 7th August, 1757. 

Sir : — I have just now received by express from Capt. Christie, at Albany, dated 
the 4th instant, an account that Fort William Henry is actually invested by 
the enemy. Capt. Clu-istie has transmitted to me, the following paragraph, written 
to him by order of the general, and signed by Capt. Bartman, liis aid de camp, 
dated Fort Edward, 3d August, eleven at night. 

" I am to acquaint you, that Fort WilUam Henry was this morning invested by a 
large body of Indians and Canadians ; and a little after day break, a large body of 
boats landed, with troops and artillery, within sight of the fort. 

A Canadian prisoner, one of our small scouts has just brought, informs us their 
number amounts to eleven thousand men, with thii-ty-six pieces of cannon, and five 
mortars, at least. All communication is cut off at present between us. There has 
been a continual firing of artillery and small arms, till a Uttle before sunset, when 
it ceased ; but we know not what has been the issue. 

We are in no situation to assist them, not having fifteen hundred men in all, at 
this place. You will write to all the governors, by the general's orders, desiring 
they will immediately send all the force they possibly can ; and likewise to the 
colonels of the militia, as the fate of the colony depends on it." 

You will see, sir, by the foregoing account, the necessity of sending a large body 
of men to reinforce the army, for the saving of the country. I have accordingly 
given orders to the two regiments in the county of Hampshire, and to one of those 
in the county of Worcester, to march forthwith, to the extreme frontier of the 
Province, and there to act as occasion shall require; and I cannot doubt of aU the 
assistance which your government can possibly afford on this extraordinary emer- 
gency. I have the honor to be, &c., T. POWNALL. 

To Governor Greene. 

Capt. Christie to Governor Greene. 

Albany, August 8th, 1757. 

Sir : — I have this moment received an express from General Webb, desii-ing I 
would again write you, to forward troops, with all expedition, (which is now the 
fourth time ;) for without an immediate supply, the whole country must be desert- 
ed, and given up to the enemy. Nothing but an immediate retreat from Fort Ed- 
ward, (if you don't put it in the general's power to proceed to the reUef of Fort 
William Henry — which still makes a brave defence — by assisting them with num- 
bers,) can save them from being cut off by the superior strength of the enemy. 

I am sure, sir, I can use no arguments with you so strong for relief, as this one 



84 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1*^57. 

argument, that numbers and expedition will save our country, which is now in the 
utmost danger. 

I write this by order of General Webb, and am with resjiect. 

Your most obedient, and most humble servant, 
G. CHRISTIE, A. D. Q. M. G., 
Captain in the 48th regiment, commanding in Albany. 
To the Hon. Governor Greene, Rhode Island. 

ADVERTISEMENT. 

This is to command and require all, and every one of His Majesty's well affected 
subjects, who are able to bear arms, to repair, with all expedition, to Fort Edward, 
on Hudson's River, to march with General Webb, to the relief of Fort William 
Henry, which still stands out, fighting against a large and numerous enemy ; which 
if not speedily relieved, must fall the sacrifice, and the whole province, of course ; 
some of the colonels of the militia have been so remiss in their duty on this 
occasion. 

This method is taken to Avarn all His ISIajesty's subjects of their danger. 

Given under my hand, at Albany, this 8th day of August, 1757. 

G. CHRISTIE, A. D. Q. M. G. 

By the general's command. 

Gapt. Christie to Governor Greene, announcing the fall of Fort 
William Henry. 

Albany, 11th August, 1757. 
Five in the morning. 

Sir : — Yesterday I informed you that Fort William Henry had capitulated, the 
day before, in the morning, and that it was in the hands of the enemy. It is some 
alleviation of our misfortune, that Fort William Henry was commanded by a brave 
oflScer, and a man of great honor, Lieut. Col. Monroe, of the thirty-fifth regiment ; 
and well seconded by another of great experience, Lieut. Col. Young. 

By the noble and gallant defence they made against such a vast body of French 
regulars and savages, so well provided with artillery, and who used it with great 
success without intermission, entitles them to great merit, and does much honor to 
His Majesty's arms. By an honorable capitulation, they obtained [permission] to 
march the whole garrison away upon parole, not to bear arms for eighteen 
months. 

Such things we have been strangers to here ; but such was the spirit of the 
commander, and such the ardor of our men, they were not dismayed by numbers, 
and rather preferred dying to a man, than become prisoners, at the mercy of a 
savaf^e and cruel enemy, who endeavored to show their disposition upon the rear 
of the conquered, contrary to their faith, contrary to every principle of honor; they 
sent a large body, who waylaid the garrison (though the French sent a guard, but 
gave orders for it to go only a few miles with the garrison,) and killed and scalped 
a great many, stripped all our brave officers, with many other marks of cruelty, 
sufficient to rouse this nation from its lethargy ; otherwise, the enemy's conquests 
and cruelty will not end there. 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 85 

General Webb has not yet been able to muster six tliousaud men at Fort Ed- 
ward, where he expects to be attacked every minute — a srnall number to save a 
country. 

Therefore, men properly provided with arms and ammunition, are, as I repeat 
to you once more, Avanted, with the greatest expedition, to prevent the down- 
fall of the British government upon this continent. 

I am, with respect, j-our most humble, obedient servant, 

G. CHRISTIE, A. D. Q. M. G., 

Captain in 48th regiment. 
To the Hon. Governor Greene, Rhode Island. 

P. S. I have just new learned from authority, that of our cannon and mortars, 
most of them had bursted, and our ammunition near expended, before any proposal 
was made for a capitulation by the garrison. Col. Young is wounded, and Col. 
Monro came in stripped, at the head of his brave garrison, to Fort Edward, which 
is not yet invested. 

Governor Poimiall to Governor Greene. 

Boston, 13th August, 1757. 

Sir: — By the enclosed copy of the orders, which I gave to Sir William Pepperell, 
upon my first hearing that Fort William Henry was invested, and by * * * 
the letter which I have this day written him, upon receiving an account of the 
surrender of that fort, and the attack of Fort Edward, (copy of which Is also en- 
closed,) Your Honor will see the measures I am taking for the safety of the 
country. 

I am likewise endeavoring to form a magazine of provisions at Springfield, and 
a field train of artillery, to be sent up to that part of the country. I have put "the 
whole under the command of Sir William Pepperell, whom I have appointed Lieut. 
General of the Province ; and as soon as the business of the government (which 
now detains me here, much against my will,) will permit, I propose to go and take 
the command of them, myself 

I shall hope for Your Honor's concurrence and co-operation in these measures ; 
and as it would be best to have the whole under one general direction, you will 
consider how far it avIU be proper for yoiff government to act in conjunction with 
us on this occasion ; and I shall be glad to receive an account from you, of your 
proceedings from time to time, at this critical conjuncture. 
I have the honor to be, sir. 

Your Honor's most obedient, and most humble servant, 

T. POWNALL. 

To the Hon. William Greene, Esq., Governor of Rhode Island, &c. 

Governor PownalVs Instructions to Sir William Pepperell. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay. 
To Sir William Pepperell, baronet, major general of His Majesty's forces, and lieu- 
tenant general of the Province, aforesaid. 

You are forthwith to repair to Springfield, or any other part of the frontiers of 
the Province, where the service shall require, and there to collect the forces now 



86 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

to be raised for the necessary defence of the country. These forces, or such a 
number of them, as you shall judge necessary, you are, as soon as may be, to send 
forward to reinforce the army now under the command of Major General Webb, 
or any other body of His Majesty's troops that shall be opposed to the enemy. 

But if such reinforcement shall by any unfortunate event, be rendered imprac- 
ticable, or there be no where now remaining or collected any such body to ojjpose 
the enemy, (which sad event may God forbid.) you are then to dispose of the 
forces under your command, in such manner upon the frontiers of the Province, as 
you shall judge best for the security thereof, and most conducive to His Majesty's 
service. 

You are Hkewise hereby authorized and directed by yourself, or by any person 
or persons under you, and specially empowered for that purpose, to furnish provi- 
sions, or to contract with any person or persons for the victuaUing the forces on 
the most advantageous terms for the Province, and as you from time to time find it 
necessary; and also to appoint a commissary or commissaries, for the service of 
such forces. 

For the encouragement of the militia, you may assure them that they shall be at 
liberty to return home immediately after the withdrawal of the enemy ; and that 
they shall be kept a distinct corps as militia, not troops, agreeably to the eleventh 
section of the mutiny act, and under their own oiEcers, acting in aid and assist- 
ance to His Majesty's regular troops. 

You have my liberty to open any packets by any express, directed to the Gov- 
ernor or commander in chief, from any officer or officers of the army, or which 
you may have reason to think contain intelligence of the circumstances of the army, 
or those of the enemy ; causing such packets to be re-sealed with your own seal, 
and sent forward without delay. 

You are to keep me constantly advised of your proceedings. T. P. 

Boston, 8th August, 1757. 

Cajpt. Christie to Governor Greene. 

Albany, 14th August, 1757. 

Sir : — Last night I had an express from General Webb, with a letter from Capt. 
Bartman, his aid de camp, in which is the following paragraph, written by the gen- 
eral's orders, dated at Fort Edward, 13th current, viz. : 

" And desire you will send to stop the New England, and other militia from pro- 
ceeding until he can be better [able] to judge from the motiou of the French, 
whether their coming up will be necessary." 

From the above, you will judge of the proper measures to be taken with the mi- 
litia, which can best fulfill the general's intention. 

I have few other particulars with respect to the garrison of Fort William Henry, 
more than I communicated to you in my letter, the lltli current; only I was mis- 
informed with respect to Col. Monroe's coming in ; for neither he, nor Col. Young, 
with a number of other officers, are yet come ; but we have hopes they are in the 
hands of the French. Great numbers of the garrison came into Fort Edward, 
and many have gone through the woods, towards New England. 

All confirm the massacre committed by the Indians, with the connivance of the 
French ; the most barbarous cruelties committed in their sight and presence, con- 
trary to a solemn ti'eaty and capitulation, exchanged between M. Montcalm and 



1757.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 87 



Col. Monroe ; wherein, officers and soldiers were to march out, with all their bag- 
gage, drums beating, colors %ing and one piece of cannon, (a six pounder, wliich 
Montcalm made Col. Young a present of, for his gallant behaviour in the lines ;) 
likewise, the capitulation says the garrison should have, for their brave defence, all 
the honors which that of Minorca had. 

Many officers who have come in, have authentic copies of it, which will be a 
lasting reproach on the French nation, for the most barefaced and barbarous 
breach of public faith. I am, with respect, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 
G. CHRISTIE, A. D. Q. M. G., 

Captain in 48th regiment. 
To the Hon. Governor Greene. 

Governor Pmvnall to Governor Greene. 

Boston, August 18, 1757. 

Sir : — I yesterday countermanded my order that I had given for the troop of 
horse, and one-fourth part of the militia to march, and shall suspend all my opera- 
tions till I receive more certain intelligence, or hear further from General Webb ; 
and I have accordingly given General Winslow orders to go upon the road to 
Springfield, to stop such troops as shall have mai'ched. But it does still appear to 
me necessary that we do, in concert and co-operation, take some measures for the 
protection of the frontier, which I hoj^e, before long, to propose to you. 

I am, &c., &c., T. POWNALL. 

To His Excellency WilHam Greene. 

Lord Loudoun to Governor Greene. 

II. M. ship Winchelsea, at sea, August 18, 1757. 
Sir : — -I am on my way to New York, with an army, to put a stop to the enemy's 
progress, and drive them back. I must desire of you, that you will co-operate 
with your neighboring provinces, in giving every aid in your power, on this occa- 
sion of great danger. And as the wind may occasion my coming into the Sound 
by Block Island, you will give us all the assistance possible, by pilots, and sending 
of troops to assist us in getting the troops up the Hudson's river. 

I am, sir, &c., &c., LOUDOUN. 

To Governor Greene, of Rhode Island. 

Governor Pownall to Governor Greene. 

Boston, August 25, 1757. 

Sir: — I have this moment received an express from My Lord Loudoun, with let- 
ters for the several governors on the continent. He had received my account of 
the loss of Fort William Henry ; and in consequence of that, has added two bat- 
talions to the eight he was bringing. 

He was off at LeHave, when he wrote to me, on the 18th inst. ; and was pro- 
ceeding to New York with the utmost despatch ; and on his arrival, depends upon 
the assistance of all the governments. 



88 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

I should hope, sir, now is the time, if we cxort ourselves, that we may engage in 
offensive and effectual measures, not only to return the blow we have received, but 
to strike some efiectual one, that may prevent the French forever striking such 
another. I wish you would bear that in mind, to be prepared for something of this 
sort, upon His Lordship's arrival. However, he must gi-eatly depend on your sup- 
pling him with such a number of ox-carts as you can get ; and that you will send 
them forward to Albany, with what hay and fodder they can carry. 

I am, sir, Your Honor's most obedient, most faithful servant, 

T. POWNALL. 

To the Hon. Governor Greene. 



Proceedim/s of the General AssemMt/, held for the Colon}/ of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the \Wi day 
of September, 1757. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Thomas Arnold and Iramanuel Northup, Esqs., Mr. 
Benjamin Gardner and Major Joshua Clarke, be, and they are 
hereby, appointed a committee, to inquire what quantities of 
iron, and out of what materials have been made in this colony, 
from the 25th day of December, 1749, until the 5th day of 
January, 1756 ; and make report unto the General Assembly, 
at the session to be holden at South Kingstown, within and for 
the colony, aforesaid, on the last Wednesday of October next, 
to the end that an account thereof may be transmitted unto 
the Right Honorable and Honorable the Lords Commissioners 
of Trade and Phmtations in Great Britain, agreeably to a de- 
mand by their lordships made in a letter, dated the 9th day of 
June last. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Jabez Bowen and Daniel Jenckes, Esqs., Capt. 
Daniel Ayrault, Jr., Mr. Joseph Lippitt, be, and they hereby 
are, appointed a committee, to examine into the state of the 
general treasury, in order to discover what the colony is in 
debt ; what charges have arisen on the expeditions undertaken 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 89 

this year ; what bills of public credit emitted since the year 
1754, to defray the charges of the late expeditions, are to be 
sunk, and when, and make report unto this Assembly as soon 
as may be. 

Whereas, Thomas Richardson, Esq., the colony's general 
treasurer, preferred a petition, and represented unto this As- 
sembly, that by close application and the assistance of five 
or six expert hands, he hath delivered out the greatest part of 
the gold and silver lodged in his office, for exchanging of 
Crown Point bills ; that in rendering this service to the public, 
he hath been in danger of losing his life ; his house having 
been broken open, and he robbed of a considerable sum in plate, 
linen, and other goods, which he imagines was occasioned 
by its being publicly known that he had the custody of the 
money given the government by the King ; that he was at 
great care, trouble and risk, in counting out the gold and sil- 
ver, in receiving the bills and rendering a just account of the 
whole ; that the great trouble in his house, which began soon 
after the money was brought from New York, by people's 
coming constantly to inquire when the exchanging would be- 
gin, has continued ever since ; and is not at this time quite 
over ; and that he was obliged for carrying on the business, to 
keep two fir(!S, and use many candles more than was customa- 
ry in his house ; wherefore, he, the said Thomas Richardson, 
prayed to be allowed a reasonable reward for these, his extraor. 
dinary services ; on consideration whereof, — 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the aforesaid Thomas Richardson shall, and may, 
pay himself out of the general treasury, the sum of £1.000, 
old tenor, as a gratuity, for his aforesaid services. 

Whereas, His Excellency the Earl of Loudoun, commander 
in chief of all His Majesty's forces in North America, hath rep- 
resented unto this government the necessity of his being fur- 
nished with a number of rangers, to continue with him for, and 
during the whole of the approaching Avinter, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by the 
authority of the sanie it is enacted, that seventy men, including; 

VOL. VT. 12 



90 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

officers, of the troops in the pay of this colony, and now in the 
camp, at or near Hudson's River, be retained there for the 
purpose, aforesaid, for a term of time not exceeding one year 
from the day of their enlistment, and formed into a company ; 
that the soldiers shall be drawn out by Samuel Angell, Esq., 
chief officer, and the five captains of the said troops, or the 
major part of them ; but the said Samuel Angell alone shall 
have the appointment of officers to command the said compa- 
ny ; for which officers. His Honor the Governor, is hereby re- 
quested to send Mr. Angell blank commissions. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
all the officers and soldiers of the said company, shall be un- 
der the immediate command of the Earl of Loudoun. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the committee of war provide and send up a sufficiency of 
clothing necessary in the winter season, for the troops, at the 
prime cost, exclusive of one good blanket ; which shall be 
purchased immediately, sent up and given to each soldier, 
gratis. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the officers and soldiers, as aforesaid, shall be allowed, at the 
expiration of the time limited by this act, such additional 
wages as shall be by the General Assembly thought a reward 
adequate to the service they may be employed in, during the 
time of their being retained, as aforesaid, and in proportion to 
the hardships they shall undergo. 

Whereas, sundry persons lately confined in His Majesty's 
jails, in this colony, were taken out of the custody of the sev- 
eral sheriffs, to go in the last expedition, but have not, since 
the same was over, returned unto the places where they re- 
spectively stood committed, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority of the same it is enacted, that the respective 
sheriffs immediately apprehend all persons that were taken 
out of their custody, as aforesaid ; and that they remain in the 
same state and condition, in every respect, as they were in 
before the time of their being taken out of custody, as afore. 



1757.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 91 

said ; this being, and is hereby declared to be the true intent 
and meaning of the act made and passed for raising soldiers to 
go in the said expedition. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that nothing be allowed the soldiers that were raised 
for the last expedition, beside their wages ; and that every 
soldier that shall retain or keep back his blanket, knapsack or 
any other thing, which was provided for him, by the govern- 
ment, in the said expedition, shall account unto the govern- 
ment for the same ; his provisions only excepted. 

The gentlemen who were appointed to audit the accounts of 
such of the committee of war, as live in Newport, presented 
this Assembly with the following accounts and receipts : 

Report of the Committee ajypointed to audit the accounts of the 
Committee of War. 

The colony of Rhode Island, with Jonathan Nichols, John 
Gardner, Thomas Cranston and Peter Bours, members of the 
committee of war, on account of the second expedition de- 
signed against Crown Point, Dr. 

£ s.d. 
To various expenditures, as per annexed ac- 
count 144,646 3 

Cr. 
1757. By our orders, drawn on the general 
treasurer, in favor of the persons whose 
names are set down in the aforegoing ac- 
count, and cash received, as per receipts 
given 144,646 3 

We, the subscribers, being appointed a committee, by the 
Honorable General Assembly, to audit the accounts of the 
committee of war, do make report : 

That we have carefully examined the accounts exhibted to 
us^ by John Gardner, Thomas Cranston and Peter Bours, Esqs., 
members of the said committee, and find them well vouched ; 



92 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

and that the above and aforegoing account, amounting to 
£144,646 3^., are what we have audited. 

JOHN TILLINGHAST, 
JAMES SHEFFIELD, 
Newport, June 4, 1757. Committee. 

This certifies, that each, and the several sums of money 
charged by the committee of war, in the above and aforegoing 
accounts, agree with a list of the same sums paid by Thomas 
Richardson, Esq., general treasurer of the colony, by order of 
said committee of war, and attested by him, as extracted from 
his books. DANIEL COGGESHALL, 

JOSEPH LIPPITT, 

Committee. 

Unto which report, the committee subjoined the following 
account : 

The Colony, Dr. 

To our time and trouble in auditing the above accounts,. -.£15 

JOHN TILLINGHAST, 
Newport, June 4, 1757. JAMES SHEFFIELD. 

And this Assembly, having taken the premises into consid- 
eration, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
foregoing report be, and the same is hereby accepted ; and 
that the above account be, and is hereby, allowed ; and that 
.£15, the amount thereof, be paid the said John Tillinghast 
and James Sheffield, out of the general treasury. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the deputies of the several towns in this colony, 
make strict inquiry after all the arms, accoutrements and am- 
munition, that the soldiers raised for the last expedition, 
were furnished with ; and see the same returned unto the com- 
mittee of war. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the general treasurer be, and be hereby is, directed 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 93 

to hire gold and silver for one year, at the rate of six per cent., 
and pay of!^ as they become due, all the notes that he hath given 
in exchange for Crown Point bills; that is to say : unto such per- 
sons as shall demand the same. And all those who are willing 
to let their notes lie for one year, shall be allowed interest at and 
after the rate of six per cent. ; and that the general treasurer 
pay all Crown Point bills which shall be hereafter brought un- 
to him, with the gold or silver that he shall hire in pursuance 
of this act. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au 
thority of the same it is enacted, that all French prisoners now 
in this colony, and all such as may be hereafter brought into 
the same, shall be sent off in flags of truce. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the gentlemen whose names immediately follow, be, and they 
hereby are, chosen and appointed committees, for examining 
every flag of truce that shall be fitted out at the ports hereaf- 
ter mentioned, that is to say : 

Simon Pease, Esq. and Mr. William Read, for Newport ; 
Daniel Jenckes, Esq. and Mr. Elisha Brown, for Providence ; 
and Joseph Russell and Nathaniel Munro, Esqs., for Bristol ; 
and also to see that no goods be put on board contrary to 
law. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
all masters and owners of all and every flag and flags of truce, 
that may proceed out of this colony, shall give bond in the 
secretary's office, unto the King, in the penal sum of £1,000 
sterling money of Great Britain, that no goods, wares or mer- 
chandise, of any sort, have been, or shall be laden, put, or 
taken on board any of his or their flag or flags of truce, con- 
trary to law, before, at, or after such inspection and exam- 
ination. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the general treasurer be, and he hereby is, directed 
to prosecute all those who were appointed to take the value of 
the ratable estates in the towns of Coventry and Bristol, for 
not making returns unto the General Assembly, according to 



94 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND. [1757. 

law ; and also to prosecute the persons appointed to take the 
value of the ratable estates in the town of Cranston, for not 
making return unto the town clerk, as they were required by 
law. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Esq., His Honor the 
Deputy Governor, Daniel Jenckes, Thomas Cranston and Peter 
Bours, Esqs., be, and they are hereby constituted a committee, 
to make inquiry what is due from the crown unto this colony, 
for provisions delivered at Albany, for billeting soldiers, &c., 
and make report unto the General Assembly at the next 
session. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the committee of war provide and send transports 
to Albany, sufficient to bring home all the troops of this colony 
that are to return ; and that the committee, above mentioned, 
give orders for bringing home all the arms, accoutrements, 
stores, and every other thing that will not be of use, either at 
Albany, or in the camp. 

Whereas, Mr. William Coddington, vendue master, of the 
town of Newport, preferred a petition and represented unto this 
Assembly, that all vendue masters within the colony, have, by 
the laws thereof, always had, since the appointment of such of- 
ficers, the sole right of selling goods, wares and merchandise 
at public auction, except of such things as the sheriffs have 
seized by execution, until an act was made and passed by the 
General Assembly, at the session begun and holden at South 
Kingstown, within and for the colony aforesaid, on the last 
Monday of February, 1756, when and where an act was made 
and passed, " That the marshal of the court of vice admiralty, 
within this colony, shall have the same power and authority to 
sell goods and merchandize at public vendue, in consequence 
of orders and decrees of the said court, as sheriffs, upon execu- 
tion ;" that under the pretext of the said law, the deputy mar- 
shal of the said court of vice admiralty, hath sold and disposed 
of sundry goods, wares, merchandise, and effects in the town of 
Newport; which the said William Coddington, apprehends to 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 95 

be an imposition, not only upon him, but all the other vendue 
masters, in the colony ; and the more especially, as the present 
marshal of the said court of vice admiralty, is an inhabitant of 
Boston, in the Province of the Massachusetts Bay ; so that the 
act, aforesaid, deprives the officers of this colony of their just 
rights, and enricheth, at least, one inhabitant of another gov- 
ernment ; wherefore, the said William Coddington prayed that 
the act, aforesaid, may be repealed ; on consideration where- 
of,- 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same, it is enacted, that the act, aforesaid, and 
every clause and article thereof, be, and hereby are, repealed, 
and made null and void, to all intents and purposes, what- 



An Act, in addition to an act, made and passed by the General 
Assembly, at the session begun and holden in Providence, 
within and for the colony, aforesaid, on the 27th day of 
January, 1746, entitled "An act, directing the method of 
receiving petitions into, and acting thereon, by the General 
Assembly. 

Whereas, it hath often happened, that persons pretendino- to 
be aggrieved and injured in the trials of their causes at the 
courts of law in this colony, have petitioned the General As- 
sembly, and obtained new trials, often times, by reason that 
some of the adverse party's relations were upon the jury ; at 
other times, that they have discovered fresh evidence, &c. 

And whereas, the granting of such petitions, as the law now 
stands, subjects the party petitioned against, to pay costs ; 
even although upon such a new trial having been had, the foi-- 
rner judgments have been confirmed; which is a manifest in- 
jury, and unjust grievance ; for remedy whereof, in time to 
come, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembl}^, and by the 
authority of the same it is enacted, that from and after 
the publication of this act, so often as any new trial shall be 
by this General Assembly awarded to any person or per- 



96 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

sons, the party obtaining such new trial, shall be obliged to 
pay all lawful costs and damages, that he, she, or they have 
put his, her or their antagonists unto, in defending against such 
a petition ; unless he, she or they shall, by a new trial, obtain 
some alteration of the former judgment, either in the whole, or 
in part ; and in such case, the said costs and damages shall be 
made part of the bill of costs that shall be recovered by the 
party or parties obtaining a confirmation of the former judg- 
ment. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the committee appointed to build a private vessel 
of war, for protecting the trade of the colony, do, as soon as the 
same shall be launched, cause her to be paid over with turpen- 
tine, and hauled into some proper wharf or dock ; and that the 
rigging, sails, and other stores, provided for her, be properly 
taken care of, till further orders from the General Assembly. 

An Act for supplying the general treasury with the sum of 
£150,000, old tenor, by a rate or tax, to be assessed and 
levied upon the inhabitants of this colony, and paid in be- 
fore, or on the last day of January next. 
Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the authori- 
ty of the same it is enacted, that a rate or tax of £150,000, 
old tenor, be assessed upon the inhabitants of this colony, and 
levied, collected and brought into the general treasury before 
or on the last day of January next. 

And be it farther enacted by the authority, aforesaid, that 
the said rate or tax be, and the same is hereby proportioned 
upon the several towns within this colony, in the following 
manner, that is to say : 

£ s. d. £ s. d. 

Newport 30,000 00 00 Tiverton 4,956 17 08 

Portsmouth 6,744 03 03 Little Compton. 4,879 05 00 

New Shoreham.. 3,175 00 01 

Jamestown .... 3,379 08 03 £57,750 00 00 

Middletown....4,615 05 09 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 97 

£ s. d. £. s. d. 

Providence . . .11,367 00 00 Hopkinton. . . 3,120 15 00 

Smithfield 8,655 00 00 

Scituate 3,840 00 00 £33,000 00 00 

Glocester 3,825 00 00 

Cumberland. . , 2,502 00 00 Bristol. . . . .3,900 00 00 

Cranston 5,811 00 00 Warren 3,600 00 00 



£36,000 00 00 



£7,500 00 00 



Westerly 3,792 00 00 Warwick 6,940 10 00 

N. Kingstown . . 6,825 00 00 E. Greenwich . . 3,871 10 00 

S. Kingstown .11,006 05 00 West Greenwich,2,469 00 00 

Charlestown . . .2,625 00 00 Coventry 2,469 00 00 

Exeter 3,337 10 00 



Richmond 2,287 10 00 



£15,750 00 00 



And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the assessors or rate -makers, shall, upon their assessing or ap- 
portioning the aforesaid rate or tax, return a true bill or list 
of the same, unto the clerk of the town, unto which they re- 
spectively belong, within forty days after the rising of this As- 
sembly ; and the said town clerk is hereby directed to send a 
copy thereof unto the general treasurer, in four days ; who 
upon receipt of the same, shall issue his warrant in four days, 
unto the several collectors of rates or taxes, of the respective 
towns, requiring them, in the King's name, to collect, levy 
and pay unto the general treasurer, for the time being, the sev- 
eral sums unto them respectively committed to collect. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
each respective town shall pay all the charges and fees that 
shall arise in, or upon the assessing, levying and collecting 
its part of the aforesaid rate or tax. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the poll-money in assessing this rate, shall be six pence per 
£1,000, and no more. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 

VOL. VL 13 



98 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1767. 

the assessors or rate makers shall, in assessing this rate, assess 
the same upon the inhabitants of the several towns, agreeably 
to an act of the General AssembW, made and passed at a ses- 
sion of the General Assembly, begun and hold^n at Providence, 
within and for the colony, aforesaid, on Tuesday, the 1st of 
February last, entitled " An act for taking a true account of 
the value of all ratable estates, and the number of all ratable 
polls within this colony." 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the assessors or rate makers shall have two pence upon the 
pound, for assessing this rate, and no more. 

And the respective collectors of the rate, aforesaid, are here- 
by required to use all dilligence in collecting the same ; and 
as soon as they have collected any considerable sum of money, 
to pay the same into the general treasury ; so that the whole 
sums be paid into the general treasury by the time in this act 
limited ; and the secretary is hereby directed to send a copy 
of this act to every town clerk in the colony, within ten days 
after the rising of this Assemblj^, to be by the said town clerk 
immediately delivered unto the assessors or rate makers of his 
town. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
where there is any unimproved land in any town within this 
colony, the o\vner or owners whereof live out of the same, the 
rate or tax assessed thereon shall be levied by the sale of so 
much of the said unimproved lands as will pay the said rate or 
tax, and all costs and charges, after public notice hath been 
given in the Boston prints twenty days, if the owner or own- 
ers appear not to pay the said rate or tax, so assessed upon 
his, her or their land ; and a deed or deeds of such lands shall 
vest in the buyer or buyers, as full, large and ample estate of 
inheritance, as the proprietor or proprietors had in his, her, or 
their power to grant. 

God save the King. 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 99 



Governor DeLanceij of Neiu York to Governor Greene. 

New York, 6th September, 1757. 

Sir : — In consequence of General Webb's letter to me, desiring that I would 
complete the regiment in the pay of this province, as soon as I could, I sent ex- 
presses to call the Assembly together, on Wednesday, the 31st of August last; on 
which day, My Lord Loudoun arrived here. 

After acquainting him that the Assembly were called to meet that day, and in- 
forming him of the occasion, and that General Webb had written to the other gov- 
ernors for the like purpose. His Lordship told me, that as he had brought a sufficient 
body of troops with him, he was not desirous to put the provinces to this expense ; 
that he Avas willing, as soon as it was proper, that the regiment of New York should 
be dismissed, to save expense to the province ; but that he expected we should fur- 
nish him with two companies of rangers, and that he would make the Uke applica- 
tion to the other governments. 

On Thursday, the Assembly acquainted me they were ready to proceed to 
business. 

On Friday, I sent them a message, and told them what passed between His 
Lordship and me ; and on Saturday, they voted that they would make further pro- 
vision for the forces in the pay of tliis province, or any number of them, if I, with 
the advice of the council, should judge it necessary to continue them ; so that, I 
shall, out of the New York forces, take and keep two companies of rangers, of one 
hundred men, each. 

If your and the other governments, will raise rangers in a proportion equal to 
what this has done, they will, with what My Lord already has, make a considerable 
body ; and it is easy to conceive how they may be employed to very good ad- 
vantage. 

I shall say no more, as you will hear from My Lord Loudoun, on this subject. 
I am, sir, Your most obedient and most humble servant, 

JAMES DE LANCEY. 

To Governor Greene. 

Lord Loudoun to Governor Greene. 

New York, September 7, 1757. 

Sir : — Nothing could be more agreeable to me than to find, by your letter of the 
27th August, the readiness of your compliance with my orders of the 18th, for 
which I return you thanks ; and I make no doubt but you will, upon every occa- 
sion, continue to exert yourself for the good of the service, and the preservation of 
the colonies. 

The seven vessels you mention, are arrived ; and as you have certainly before 
this, heard of my arrival here, with the fleet, you have doubtless called in the other 
vessel you had ordered to cruise oS" Block Island. 

I am, &c., &c., LOUDOUN. 

To th« Hon, William Graensj Esq. 



100 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 



Lord Loudoun to Governor Greene. 

New York, September 7tb, 1757. 

Sir : — As I find that after the surrender of Fort William Henry, Major General 
Webb had, on finding a very great deficiency in the number of the provincial 
troops under his command, assembled for the defence of those provinces, partly from 
those rendered incapable to serve, at present, from the capitulation, and likewise 
from desertion, made a demand from you, of a number of men to complete your 
quota. 

As I have now arrived here, with a considerable body of His Majesty's forces 
and as I am willing, as far as it is consistent Avith the safety of those provinces and 
the good of the service, to save every expense possible to the provinces, I shall not 
now insist on putting them to that expense ; but must insist on your taking all 
projjer measures to prevent and discourage all further desertion from the ti-oops of 
your jsrovince, till the time I find I can with safety dismiss them; which I will do 
as early as possible. 

But to enable me to part with your troops the earlier, and to secure the back 
settlements, and to annoy the enemy, it will be absolutely necessary that I should 
be furnished with a number of rangers, to continue with me the whole winter, to be 
disposed of for those purposes. 

The necessity of this measure will, I dare say, ap^x^ar to you ; and I have the 
pleasure to acquaint you, that Lieut. Governor DeLancey has already agreed 
with me, to furnish for the province of New York, two companies of one hundred 
men each, and to take care to have them composed of pi-oper persons for the nature 
of the service, both officers and men ; by which jiroportion, your quota will amount 
to ninety men. 

I must beg there may be no delay in your giving your orders on this subject ; 
and that, in case there are not proper people to be found among your troops for 
this purpose, you will be so good as to give dii-ections to have them from the fron- 
tiers, where the men are inured to this sort of service. 

I am, with great regard, sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

LOUDOUN. 

To the Hon. William Greene, Esq., Governor of Rhode Island. 

P. S. I need not recommend to you, to see your men Avell provided with good 
warm winter clothing. 



Secretary William Pitt, to the Governor and Company of Rhode 
Island. 

Whitehall, September 16th, 1757. 
Gentlemen : — Mons'r d'Abreu, envoy extraordinary from His CathoHc Majesty, 
having lately delivered divers complaints of violences and depredations (particu- 
arly mentioned in the enclosed paper), committed by His Majesty's subjects in 
America, against those of Spain ; I am to inform you, that the King, seeing, with 
the highest disapprobation, the daily growth of such scandalous disorders, and hav- 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 101 

ing nothing more at heart than to stop the progress of practices, which, if not re- 
pressed, must involve His Majesty in odious disputes Avith all the neutral powers of 
Europe, is determined to exert the full authority of the law, in vindication of the 
justice of his crown, and of the honor of the British nation. 

And, in this view, I am hereby to signify to you, His Majesty's pleasure that you 
do enforce, with the utmost vigor, the observance of the additional instruction of 
October the 5th, to all privateers, and employ uncommon care and diligence eifec- 
tually to prevent, and, if possible, to cut up by the roots, all excesses and enormi- 
ties, alledged to be committed in violation of the just freedom of navigation of His 
Catholic Majesty's subjects. 

And whereas, with regard to all Spanish vessels bound to a port of Spain in 
America, the case of contraband cannot exist, — it being self-evident, that no ef- 
fects, whatever, carried by a nation to its own ports, can, in any case, fall under 
that description, — it Is His Majesty's pleasure, that you do give the strictest or- 
ders, that no Spanisli shiji, under those circumstances, be disturbed, or molested in 
tlieir navigation ; and that in case of outrages or depredations committed on the 
same, you do your utmost to discover all such violators of justice, and disturbers of 
the harmony subsisting between the two nations, and to bring the same to condign 
and exemplary punishment. 

I am, gentlemen, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

W. PITT. 

To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 



Proceedings of the General AssemUi/ held for the Coloiii/ of 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kiiigstotvn, 
the last Wednesday in Octoher, 1757. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that the officers and soldiers 
raised for the last expedition, who went no further than Con- 
necticut, be, and they hereby are, allowed and shall be paid out 
of the general treasury, the following wages for ten days, that 
is to say : 

The colonel, £10 per day ; the lieutenant colonels, £9 per 
day ; the major, £8 per day ; the captains, £1 per day ; the 
lieutenants, £6 per day ; the cornets and ensigns^ £5 per 
day ; and the common soldiers, £3 per day. 



102 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the persons employed to take care of the horses, be allow- 
ed and paid, as aforesaid, £3 per day, for so long a time as 
they were in the service ; the owners of the horses, thirty shil- 
lings per day, for ten days ; first deducting what is charged to 
the colony for shoeing each respective horse that was shod. 

And be it further enacted, that the deputies of the several 
towns, who assisted in getting away the troops, shall be al- 
lowed £3 each, per day, for three days, to be paid' by the re- 
spective towns. 

Protest. 

We, the subscribers, beg leave to protest against the within 
act, for that it is unequal to pay the deputies all alike for their 
services ; for that the deputies of some towns did more than 
six times the service than they did in other towns ; and that it 
is a great discouragement to a town when they have been in- 
dustrious to raise men, and the expense all to be paid by their 
own town ; and it would be more equal to pay it by the gov- 
ernment. THOMAS ARNOLD, 

JEREMIAH WHIPPLE. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that £-1,000 of bills of public 
credit, called lawful money, which were emitted by the Gen- 
eral Assembly, at a session begun and holden at South Kings- 
town, within and for the colony, aforesaid, on the last Monday 
in February, 1756, which said sum is yet outstanding, be 
called in and sunk by a rate or tax, to be assessed upon the in- 
habitants of this colony; and levied, collected and brought into 
the general treasury, before or upon the la.:t day of February 
next ; and that a committee be appointed to draw up an act, 
accordingly. 

An Act for the more easy and speedy payment of the charges 

of the late expedition. 

Whereas, there is an act of this government for raising 
£160,000, old tenor, by a rate or tax, to be assessed and levied 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 103 

upon the inhabitants; and whereas, sundry persons have money 
due to them, from the colony, on account of their services, 
provisions and other necessaries done, and provided for the mi- 
litia lately raised, who, by having orders for their money, on 
the general treasurer, may more easily pay their parts of the 
above mentioned rate or tax ; — 

Be it therefore enacted b}^ this General Assembly, and by 
the authority of the same it is enacted, that the gentlemen who 
were deputies when the sixth part of the militia was lately 
raised, do collect all accounts of charges brought against the 
colony, for the soldiers raised in their several towns, and 
marching through them or any other towns in this colony, and 
carefully examine the same, and give each and every person 
an order on the general treasurer for the sum or sums which 
shall appear to be due to him, her or them. 

And the several collectors of the abovesaid rate or tax, are 
hereby directed and required to receive such orders so drawn 
and signed by the first deputy of each town ; or if he be dead or 
absent, by the next deputy, as part of said rate or tax ; and 
the general treasurer is also directed to receive the same of the 
collectors, accordingly. 

Provided always, that each and every person who went 
either as an officer or soldier, or to bring home the horses, 
shall have an order for no more than the sum allowed by the 
act of this Assembly. 

And if any officer or soldier hath taken up any clothing on 
the colony's account, the same shall be deducted out of his 
wages, before the order is drawn ; and if any officer or soldier 
has neglected or shall neglect to return the blankets, or 
any other stores or accoutrements, belonging to the colony, 
the same shall be deducted out of his wages ; and he shall 
have an order on the treasurer for the remainder, and no more. 
And the expense of shoeing the horses, shall be deducted out 
of the horse hire ; and the person or persons who furnished 
the horse or horses, shall have an order for the remainder, and 
no jnore. 



104 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757- 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
all those persons who furnished the provisions, shall be allowed 
in the following manner, to wit : 6s. Qd., for every pound of 
pork ; Qs., for every pound of cheese ; 65., for every pound of 
dried beef; and Ss., for every pound of gammon. 

And it is enacted by the same authority that if any officer 
or soldier has taken up more upon the colony's account than 
his wages amount to, that he shall pay the same to the person 
who was first deputy of the town at the time of raising the 
men ; and if he be dead or absent, to the next deputy ; and 
if any person shall neglect or refuse to pay the same, said 
deputy is hereby authorized, and fully empowered, to sue for 
and recover the same. 

Whereas, a number of the merchants and others, of the town 
of Providence, exhibited unto this Assembly, a memorial, and 
remonstrated that the merchants of this colony have become 
large adventurers in private ships of war, fitted out at great ex- 
pense, for annoying the common enemy ; that whatsoever is 
taken and brought in by such private ships of war, cannot law- 
fully come into the hands of the owners and companies of 
them, until it be first adjudged and condemned by a proper 
court of vice admiralty ; that there is no judge of that court 
Avithin the colony, but only a deputy, and he so much limited 
and controlled by his superior, who lives out of the govern- 
ment, that very great damages, delays and inconveniences, as 
well as extravagant expenses, have accrued to such as have 
been concerned in privateering ; wlierefore, the memorialists 
humbly pray this Assembly to direct that proper application 
be made to this colony's agent in Great Britain, to procure 
some suitable person to be appointed judge of the court of vice 
admiralty, within and for the colony ; and this Assembly hav- 
ing duly considered the subject matter of the memorialists, 
aforesaid, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolvetl, that 
the prayer therein contained, be. and the same is hereby, 
granted. 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 105 

An Act for assessing upon the inhabitants of this colony a rate 
or tax, of £4,000, in bills of credit, which were emitted in 
February, 1756, to be collected,Jevied and brought into the 
general treasury, before, or upon the last day of February 
next. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that a rate or tax of £4,000, 
the remaining half of £8,000 of the bills of credit, called law- 
ful money, which were emitted by the General Assembly, at a 
session begun and holden at South Kingstown, within and for 
the colony, aforesaid, upon the last Monday of February, 1756, 
to be assessed upon the inhabitants of this colony, and levied, 
collected and brought into the general treasury before, or upon 
the last day day of February next ; and for want of the spe- 
cific bills emitted, as aforesaid, in gold or silver, according to 
their respective faces. 

Whereas, the major part of the committee that was appoint- 
ed to audit the accounts of the directors of the lottery, some 
time past opened and set up to raise a sum of money towards 
paving the streets of Newport, undertook that service, and re- 
ported as folio weth : 

Report of the Lottery Committee. 

We, the subscribers, being, together with Benjamin Nichols, 
Esq., appointed by the Honorable General Assembly, a com- 
mittee to audit the accounts of Messrs. Thomas Cranston, John 
Bennett, Job Bennett, Jr., William Bead, Evan Malbone and 
John Channing, directors of the lottery granted for the paving 
the streets of the town of Newport, report : 

That Capt. Bead, in behalf of himself and the other direc- 
tors, hath exhibited unto us an account, with vouchers, by 
which it appears, that there hath been appropriated to the use, 
above said, £5,885 I85. Qd; which sum, if deducted from 
£6,250, the whole profit of the lottery, exclusive of all manner 
of charge and bad debts, there will be still due from the direc- 
tors, £384 Is. 6^. 

VOL. VI. 14 



106 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND^ L^^57. 

But we beg leave further to report, that Mr. John Channing 
stands indebted to the other directors, as appears by his own 
account, £696 155. 9d., for tickets sold by himself; and also, 
£104 125., for tickets sent by him unto Mr. Gamaliel Wallis, 
in Boston, who, we are informed, is insolvent. 

EDWARD SCOTT, 

Newport, June 16, 1757. PETER BOURS. 

And this Assembly, having taken the said report into con- 
sideration, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
said report be, and the same is hereby, accepted. 

An Act for enlisting anew, two hundred and fifty of the sol- 
diers now in the pay of this colony. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that two hundred and fifty 
able bodied, effective men, of the soldiers now in the pay of 
this colony, be enlisted anew, as they return from the service, 
they are now employed in, for, and during the pleasure of the 
General Assembly ; that is to say, if so many will voluntarily 
enlist ; and in case the said number will not, that then so 
many others be enlisted as shall be wanted, to make the whole 
number of two hundred and fifty ; and that a proper officer be 
appointed by the committee of war to every twenty-five of the 
said enlisted soldiers, who shall be disciplined every day, and 
billeted in such parts of the government, as will be most suit- 
able for the purpose, and least charge to the colony. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that all 
the officers and soldiers so enlisted, shall have and receive the same 
pay as is now allowed them ; and be entitled to all and every 
the privileges, benefits and immunities that have been heretofore 
granted unto the officers and soldiers raised and employed by 
this government ; the bounty only excepted. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the old tenor money which the general treasurer 
was ordered to hire, at the rate of ten per cent, interest, be con- 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 107 

tinued upon that interest, so long as the colony shall have oc- 
casion therefor ; that is to say : if the persons who lent the 
same, will consent to it. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that what appears to be due unto the Hon. Stephen 
Hopkins, Esq., as he was a member of the committee of war, 
from the report of the committee that audited his accounts, be 
paid him out of the general treasury, with interest, at ten per 
cent. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that any five of the field offi- 
cers in this colony, be, and they are hereby, empowered to hold 
a court martial, from time to time, as occasion may require, to 
hear, try and pass sentence against any soldier or soldiers who 
hath or have deserted, or shall hereafter desert the colony's 
service, agreeably to the nature of the offence ; or discharging 
such as appear to be innocent. And to the end that this act 
may be carried into due execution, — ■ 

It is further enacted, that any one field officer may issue his 
warrant for the apprehending and securing any deserter or de- 
serters, in order to his or their being brought to trial. 

Whereas, this Assembly hath voted that application be made 
unto His Majesty, for a judge of the court of vice admiralty, to 
be appointed within and for this colony, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the Hon. Stephen 
Hopkins, Esq., be, and he hereby is, appointed and requested 
to write a letter for that purpose, and recommend Col. John 
Andrews to be person. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, 
that His Honor the Governor, be, and he hereby is, requested 
to write unto His Excellency the Earl of Loudoun, and inform 
him that this government hath concluded to retain in His Maj- 
esty's service, for the ensuing winter, two hundred and fifty of 
the soldiers that shall return from the camp to this colony, &c. ; 
and that it is expected the said soldiers will be billeted at the 
charge of the crown ; His Honor is also requested to inform 
His Excellency, that this Assembly have added thirty men 



108 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

unto the seventy ordered by the General Assembly, at their 
last session ; so that one hundred rangers will be furnished by 
this colony, agreeably to His Lordship's requisition. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Col. John Andrews, be, and he is hereby, appointed 
to sue Col. Resolved Waterman, of Smithfield, for the colony's 
money, which he received for paying bounties. 

What follows, is the report of the committee appointed to 
audit the accounts of the charges of the last expedition : 

Report of the Auditwg Committee. 

We, the subscribers, being a committee appointed to audit 
the accounts of charges of the last expedition, have carefully 
performed that service, and do report as followeth, viz. : 

That sundry accounts, as per the accompanying list, amounts 
to £5,762 155. 6J. 

As there was not a general account of the horses, only two 
in Newport, are included ; and no damage done to horses, nor 
any services in assisting to press arms or other things, is includ- 
ed ; and a great many accounts are wanting, and some articles 
of clothing were not included ; as the persons who had them^ 
were not set down in the accounts. 

BENJAMIN WICKHAM, OTHNIEL GORTON, 

MATTHEW MANCHESTER, WILLIAM PEARSE. 

SAMUEL WARD, 

And the said report being duly considered, — 
This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the same be, and it hereby is, accepted. 

God save the King. 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 109 



Public Ads passed during the year 1757. 

[The following Public Acts, passed during the year 1757, are not printed in 
these Records, but will be found in the volume of Public Laws, printed in the 
year 1767.] 

An Act for the more easy recovering of small debts, and for preventing unnecessa- 
ry charges in lawsuits within this colony. (Februarj-.) 

An Act to prevent canoes and boats being made fast to the pillars and butments of 
the bridge at Pawtuxet Falls. (February.) 

An Act for taking a true account of the value of all ratable estates, and the value 
of ratable polls within this colony. (February.) 

An Act in addition to, and in explanation of, an act passed at the February session, 
entitled " An act taking a true account of the value of all ratable estates, and 
the number of all ratable polls within this colony." (March.) 

An Act exempting the field and others the commissioned officers, Uving within the 
town of Newjjort, from being jurors. (June.) 

An Act to prevent sheep and horses from going at large in, or near the compact 
part of the town of Providence. (June) 

An additional Act, empowering the Governor, upon demand being made by Major 
General Webb, or the commanding officer for the time being, to raise and forth- 
with send one huudi-ed and fifty men to his assistance. (August.) 

An Act for augmenting the salary of the general treasurer in time to come. 
(October.) 

Lord Loudoun to Governor Greene. 

New York, October 9th, 1757. 

Sir: — Last night I had the favor of your letter of September 21st, by the Boston 
post, with a minute of the General Assembly of the 19th September, 1757, by 
which I see your Assembly have voted seventy rangers, for the defence of the 
country, in place of the one hundred I demanded of you, in consequence of His 
Majesty's orders to me, to apply to the several provinces and colonies in North 
America, for such aid as I saw necessary for carrying on the war, either offensive 
or defensive. 

And in consequence of His Majesty's repeated orders, signified by his several 
secretaries of state, to each of his governors in his dominions in North America, 
from the year 1 754, down to those letters which arrived here on tlie 1st of May last, 
which were directly transmitted by me to you. 

If you will re-consider all those orders to your predecessors and to yourself, all 
which must remain in the office, and relate to you, now that you are Governor, 
equally as if they had been transmitted whilst you enjoyed that dignit}-, you will 
there see the King's orders to his governors, and his expectations from his people, 
to exert themselves In the defence of his dominions, and of the lives anil fortunes 
of his subjects. 

You judge extremely right, when you say in your letter, " That 'tis vei-y proba- 



110 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

ble that it would have been more satisfactory, if the geutlemeu had exacllv con- 
formed to my requisition." 

I own that it would be much more satisfactory to me, to see your colony vieing 
with the other governments in their zeal for the common cause, than to find that, 
after the King, at the expense of the mother country, has sent so great a force for 
your protection, both of land forces and fleets ; and that I, in consequence of the 
instructions he has given me, out of his paternal care of his people, have, and am, 
at this time, diminishing every expense to the province that I can, consistent with 
their safety, than it can be to me, to see the Assembly of Rhode Island cut off 
three-tenths of so small a demand as one hundred men, for the common defence of 
the country, immediately on the back of the enemy's having so large an army in 
the King's dominions, in North America, who are at hand to return, if proper mea- 
sures are taken. 

As to what the gentlemen from your province report, of what passed between 
them and me, last winter, in relation to the numbers agreed to be furnished, at that 
meeting, by each of the New England provinces ; 'tis true that I did say, after the 
whole meeting had agreed that the number of men I demanded, was less than they 
expected, and that they would furnish tliem ; but could not agree among them- 
selves on the number each was to furnish, in order to make them up ; and at last 
left it to me to fix that quota to each, as one- that could have no connection, but the 
general one, I had with the whole, from the command tlie King had honored me 
with, and the natural connection I have with each man, as my fellow subjects. 

I did, on this, acquaint the meeting of the opinion I had formed, from the best in- 
formation I could get, of the numbers each, from their abilities and situation, ought 
to furnish ; and the meeting agreed to It, that I did then say, it shoukl be no rule 
for the future, if I found I had injured in It. 

As my duty requires, I have since Informed myself of the ablUties of your prov- 
ince, of the losses they sustain by the war, and of the profits thej- have made during 
it ; and the means by which those profits are made ; and I know that I have done 
you no injustice in the number I then fixed for you to furnish ; and I am ready to 
prove it to the King, our master. 

But consider the case. I last winter made my demand for men as low as I 
could, consistent with the safety of the provinces. In order to save all possible ex- 
pense, the moment the situation [of the service] would permit. I have formed a 
a new plan on the same principles, and have pi'oposed to you, that I will dismiss 
earlier than you expected, three hundred and fifty of your quota, on condition you 
will furnish me the remaining one hundred for tlie winter, of good rangers, properly 
clothed, for the service ; and in this, I have again gone as low in my demands, as 
the plan I propose to execute, will permit ; and of this, I must be a Ijotter judge 
than any of }'0u, or I must be very improper for the trust that is reposed in me. 

Don't imagine I do business by auction ; that I ask high. In order to make a good 
composition ; my method is very different from that. I have on every occasion, first 
considered the necessities of the service, the dangers that must be provided against ; 
and on the one side the annoyances we could give the enemy ; and then have 
calculated what numbers were necessary for those services ; and have even made 
my demand as low as I could reasonably expect would answer those purposes. If 
that number is diminished, the security is lost, and the service is put a stop to, and 
the war, of course, prolonged. 



1757.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. Ill 



For those reasons, I must insist on your calling your Assembly together again, if 
they are separated, in order to re-consider this afiair ; and as 'tis your duty, both to 
your Iving and to your country, it would be injurious to suppose that you will not lay 
before them the repeated orders you and your predecessors have received from His 
Majesty, and enforce them with all the arguments you are master of, to convince 
them that 'tis their duty, both to their King and their country, and that it is thcii- 
interest, and 'tis theii- profit. 

For my proposition to you, is, that on your furnishing me one hundred rangers, 
properly chosen and clothed, for that service, to remain with me the whole winter, 
I would dismiss, as early as the service would permit, the remainder of your troops. 
If that is not complied with, I shall be under a necessity of continuing the campaign 
much longer. 

And as the service cannot be carried on in tliis country, without proper assistance 
from the colonies, I still insist on the number I first demanded, and shall be very 
happy to make a good report to the Iving, our master, of the proceedings in this ne- 
gotiation ; but, be the truth what it will, I will tell it to him fairly as it is. 

I shall expect your answer to this letter as soon as possible ; as on it, will depend, 
in a great measure, my dismissing of the provincial troops. 
I am, with great regard, sii-, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

LOUDOUN. 

To Gov. William Greene, Newport, Rhode Island. 



Admiral Lord Coliille to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

On board H. B. jNI. ship Northumberland, 
Halifax, 14th November, 1757. 

Sir : — As I am directed by my instructions, to correspond with you on His Maj- 
esty's service, I take this first opportunity of acquainting Your Excellency, that I 
am appointed commander in chief of His Majesty's ships and vessels, in North 
America. And that you may be acquainted with our strength in these parts, I 
subjoin a list of the [nine] ships in this harbor. I omit those appointed to particu- 
lar stations, as I yet am not acquainted with the orders they may be under, or the 
service they may be upon. 

By Mr. Secretary Pitt's letter to you, last February, I am encouraged to apply 
to Your Excellency, for a supply of seamen, to recruit the ships under my com- 
mand. We have not the least prospect of getting men here ; several ships are at 
this time greatly short of complement, and we must naturally expect that many of 
our people will drop off, this winter. 

For these reasons, I most earnestly request of you, to raise as many seamen and 
able bodied landsmen, as you possibly can, and to send them hither with the ut- 
most despatch, as I exert my best endeavors to get the squadron to sea very early 
in the spring. I am, sir, &c., &c., COLYILLE. 

To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 



112 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1757. 

Lord Loudoun to Governor Greene. 

Albany, November 20th, 1757. 

Sii-: — Last night I had the favor of yours,* of October 29th, with an account 
of the resolution your Assembly had come to, on my letter of October 9th, to you, 
in relation to the rangers for the winter season. 

In that letter of mine, there was a mistake in desu-ing one hundred, in place of 
ninety, in my first letter, which was not intended ; and I am very much obliged to 
those gentlemen for their compliance, on seeing the state of the affair, as laid be- 
fore them, in my letter to you ; and I shall do your province the justice to acquaint 
the King's ministers with the readiness with which they complied, on seeing the 
true state of the affaii-. 

Before your letter arrived, when I was at Fort Edward, I took the resolution of 
dismissing as many of the provincial troops as could be spared, in order to save ex- 
penses to the provinces ; and as your answer had not then arrived, I directed Col. 
Ano-ell to draught, out of your troops, one company of ninety men, officers included, 
whom I retained as provincials, till I should have an answer from you, and have 
posted them for the winter, with some of the regular troops at Saratoga ; and di- 
rected the colonel to send home the remainder of your troops, in order to be dis- 
charged, and they are now in this neighborhood. 

As to the second paragraph of your letter, in regard to the further resolution of 
your Assembly, to keep up two hundred and fifty of their men for the winter, the 
ofier is extremely handsome, and must do honor to your province, and I think shows 
a rio-ht spirit for the public service, and is worthy of imitation in the other prov- 
inces ; and I cannot help saying on this occasion, as whilst the war continues, 
there must be constant application to the provinces every year for troops to assist 
in carrying on the service, that if they were to keep up their troops dm-ing the 
continuance of the war, the expense would be very little more than it is at pres- 
ent, and the service would be much more effectually performed by their troops, 
who would by that means be disciplined; whereas, in the present method of raising 
them, and disbanding them every campaign, it is not possible for them to bring any 
but new troops to the field. 

At the same time, as that is not the case in other provinces at present, I tliink it 
would be Avrong for me to put you to put any expense that I can jjossibly save to your 
province ; and therefore, have permitted the remainder of your troops to go home, 
for vou to determine on this point, as you shall see proper, when they arrive. 

And I beg that you will believe, and that you will assure your Assembly, 
that on every occasion, whilst I have the honor to be continued in my present 
command, I will make it my constant study to save every expense that I can, con- 
sistent with the carrying on the public service, to the provinces ; and will go as far 
in that, as any man belonging to any one of them ; and I am sure the King, our 
master, Avould not approve of my proceedings, if I did not. 

I am with great regard, sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

LOUDOUN. 

To the Hon. William Greene, Esq. 

* Copies of the letters of Governor Greene to the Earl of Loudoun, written in the year 
1757, are not found in the state archives, 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 113 



Secretary WiUiam Pitt to the Governor and Company of Rhode 
Island. 

Whitehall, December 30th, 1757. 

Gentlemen : — His Majesty having nothing more at heart than to repair the 
losses and disappointments of the last inactive and unhappy campaign ; and by the 
most vigorous and extensive efforts, to avert, by the blessing of God on his arms, 
the dangers impending on North America ; and not doubting but all his faithful 
and brave subjects there will cheerfully co-operate with and second, to the utmost, 
the large expense and extraordinary succors supphed by this kingdom, for their 
preservation and defence ; and His Majesty considering that the several provinces, 
in particular, from proximity and accessibility of situation, more immediately ob- 
noxious to the main irruptions of the enemy from Canada, are, of themselves, well 
able to furnish at least twenty thousand men, to join a body of the King's forces 
for invading Canada, by the way of Crown Point, and carrying war into the heart 
of the enemy's possessions. 

And His Majesty not judging it expedient to limit the zeal and ardor of any of 
his provinces, by making a re-partition of the force to be raised by each respective- 
ly, for this most important service ; I am commanded to signify the King's pleasure, 
that you do forthwith use your utmost endeavors and influence, with the Council 
and Assembly of your colony, to induce them to raise, with all possible despatch, as 
large a body of men within your colony, as the number of its inhabitants may al- 
low ; and, forming the same into regiments, as far as shall be found convenient, 
that you do direct them to hold themselves in readiness, as early as may be, to 
march to the rendezvous at Albany, or such other place as His Majesty's com- 
mander in chief in America shall appoint, in order to proceed from thence, in con- 
junction with a body of the King's British forces, and under the supi-eme command 
of His Majesty's said commander in chief, in America, so as to be in a situation to 
begin the operations of the campaign, by the 1st of May, if possible, or as soon after 
as shall be any way practicable, by attempting to make an irruption into Canada, 
as above, by the way of Crown Point; and, if found practicable, to attack either 
Montreal or Quebec, or both of the said places successively, with the whole force in 
one body ; or at one and the same time, by a division of the troops into separate 
and distinct operations, according as His Majesty's said commander in chief shall, 
from his knowledge of the countries through which the war is to be carried, and 
from emergent circumstances, not to be known here, judge any of the said at- 
tempts to be practicable. 

And the better to facilitate this important service, the King is pleased to leave 
it to you, to issue commissions to such gentlemen of your colony as you shall judge, 
from their weight and credit with the people, and their zeal for the public service, 
may best be disposed and enabled to quicken and effectuate the speedy levying qf 
the greatest number of men ; in the disposition of which commissions, I am per- 
-suaded you will have nothing in view but the good of the King's service, and a sub- 
ordination of the whole, when joined to His Majesty's commander in chief. 

And all officers of the provincial forces, as high as colonels, inclusive, are to have 
rank according to their several respective commissions, in like manner as is a^- 
VOL, VI. 15 



114 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [175T, 

ready given, by His Majesty's regulations, to the captains of provincial troops in 
America. 

The King is further pleased to furnish all the men, so raised as above, with 
arms, ammunition, and tents, as well as to order provisions to be issued to the same, 
by His Majesty's commissaries, in the same proportion and manner as is done to 
the rest of the King's forces. 

A sufficient train of artillery will also be provided at His Majesty's expense, for 
the operations of the campaign ; and the ship that conveys this, carries orders for 
the timely providing, at the Iving's charge, with the utmost diligence, and in an 
amjile manner, boats and vessels, necessary for the transportation of the army on 
this expedition. 

The whole, therefore, that His Majesty expects and requires from the several 
provinces, is, the levying, clothing and pay of the men ; and on these heads also, 
that no encouragement may be wanting to this great and salutary attempt, the 
King is further most graciously pleased to permit me to acquaint you, that strong 
recommendations will be made to Parliament in their session next year, to grant a 
proper compensation for such expenses as above, according as the active vigor and 
strenuous efforts of the respective provinces shall justly appear to merit. 

Although several thousand stands of arms will be forthwith sent from England, 
to be distributed to the troops, now directed to be raised in the northern and 
southern provinces, yet, as it is hoped that the numbers of men levied in all parts 
of America, may greatly exceed the quantity of arms that can at present be sup- 
plied from England, it is His Majesty's pleasure, that you do, with particular dili- 
gence, immediately collect, and put into the best condition, all the serviceable 
arms that can be found within your colony, in order that the same may lie em- 
ployed, as far as they will go, in this exigency. 

I am further to inform you, that similar orders are sent, by this conveyance 
to Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, Connecticut, New York and New Jersey. 

The southern governments are also directed to raise men in the same manner, to 
be employed in such offensive operations as the circumstances and situation of the 
enemy's posts, in those parts, may point out ; which, it is hoped, will oblige them 
so to divide their attention and forces, as will rejider the several attempts more 
easy and successful. 

It Is unnecessary to add any thing to animate your zeal. In the execution of His 
Majesty's orders on this great occasion, where the safety and preservation of 
America are at stake ; and the King doubts not, from your known fidelity and attach- 
ment, that you will employ yourself, with the utmost application and despatch, on 
this urgent and dangerous crisis. 

Although the knowledge of an intention to invade Canada, is ajjjirehended to be 
not only unattended with any Inconvenience, but necessary to be propagated in 
the provinces. In order to give success to the levies ; yet, as secresy In all enter- 
prlzes on particular places. Is of the greatest Importance, the King Is persuaded 
that you will use all proper discretion In communicating by name, any of the Imme- 
diate objects before pointed out, further than to such persons to whom It may be 
necessary, for the good of the service, confidentially to entrust the same. 
I am, gentlemen. 

Your most obedient, bumble servant, 

W. PITT. 

To the Governor and Company, of Rhode Island. 



1757.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 116 



Secretary William Pitt to the Governor and Company of Rhode 

Island. 

Whitehall, December 30, 1757. 

Gentlemen : — The King having judged proper that the Earl of Loudoun should 
return to England, and His Majesty having been pleased to appoint Major Gen. 
Abercromby to succeed His Lordship as commander in chief of the King's forces 
in North America, with the same powers and authorities ; I am commanded to sig- 
nify to you His Majesty's pleasure, that you do apply to, and correspond with, 
Major General Abercromby, on all matters relating to the King's service ; and 
that you do obey such orders as you shall receive from him, in the same manner as 
you were directed to do, with regard to the several former commanders in chief, in 
North America ; and you will from time to time give Mr. Abercromby, all the as- 
sistance and lights in your power, in all matters relative to the command, with 
which the King has honored him. 

And I am particularly to signify to you His Majesty's pleasure, that, in case Ma- 
jor General Abercromby, or the commander in chief of His Majesty's forces, shall, 
at any time, apply to you, to lay an embargo on all ships within your colony, you 
do strictly comply with the said request, for so long a time as the commander in 
chief shall desire. 

The Iving having resolved to send a considerable squadron of ships of war the ensu- 
ing year, to North America, I am further to signify to you His Majesty's pleasure, 
that you do, from time to time, transmit to the commander in chief of the King's ships 
in North America, all intelligence relative to this department, in the same manner 
as you were directed to do by my letter of the 19th of last February, to Vice Ad- 
miral Holburne. 

And it is also the King's pleasure, that you do, in any application from the com- 
mander of the King's ships, use all legal methods, to sujjply him with such a num- 
ber of sailors and workmen from your colony, as he shall, at any time, require for 
His Majesty's service. I am, gentlemen, &c., &c., 

WILLIAM PITT. 

To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

Secretary Oliver, of Massachusetts to Governor Greene. 

Boston, December 30, 1757. 
Sir : — I now send Your Honor, by express, copy of a vote passed the General 
Assembly of this Province, in their present session. 

The vote itself shows that it comes by direction of the government and makes 
it needless for me to add any thing upon the subject matter of it. 

I am, &c., &c., ANDREW OLIVER. 

To Hon. William Greene. 

Resolutions of the Massachusetts General Assembly. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay. 
House of Representatives, December 24, 1757. 
Voted, that e.xpresses be sent to each of the governments of New England, to de- 
sire them to appoint commissioners to meet commissioners to be appointed by tliis 



116 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

government, to meet at Boston, on the last Wednesday in January next, t(j concert 
measures for our mutual defence in this time of war and great danger. 

Secretary Oliver^ of Massachusetts, to Governor Crreene. 

Boston, January 19, 1758. 

Sir : — I have the honor of your letter of the 5th instant, which has been commu- 
nicated to the General Court. I am directed to acquaint you, that no one of the 
colonies is better disposed to show all deference and respect to the general of 
His Majesty's forces, than this colony is, and always has been. 

Upon receiving intelligence that the government of Connecticut had appointed 
commissioners to represent that colony, in case any proposals should be made for a 
general meeting, by any of the other governments, we thought it advisable to make 
such proposals ; but we had no thoughts ourselves, nor do we imagine that Connec- 
ticut had any, of going into any measures wliich could possibly interfere with His 
Lordship's plan for the general service of the colonies. 

It appeared to us, that some steps might be proper to be taken by each govern- 
ment for its immediate defence, both by sea and land ; and as the interest of the 
colonies of New England is so nearly connected, we thought it might better be pur- 
sued by acting in concert, than by the separate, and perhaps interfering measures 
of each colony acting by itself 

Whether the present backwardness of Rhode Island will prevent the other gov- 
ernments from sending their commissioners, we are unable to say. We send you 
copies of the letters received from them upon the occasion. This government will 
be prepared to join such as shall think proper to meet them. 

I am, by order of the General Court, sir. 

Your most humble, obedient servant, 

ANDREW OLIVER, Sec'ry of Mass. 

To Hon. William Greene, Esq. 

Lord Loudoun to Governor Greene. 

New York, January 30th, 1 758. 
Sir : — As the season of the year makes it necessary to settle with the different 
provinces and colonies what assistance will be necessary for carrying on the war, 
next campaign, I must desire you will get commissioners appointed, who with you, 
may have full powers to meet with me, and settle on the part of your colony, that 
no time may be lost. 

I propose setting out for Boston, in order to meet with the governor and commis- 
sioners of the more northern provinces ; and I beg no time may be lost in fixing 
the commissioners, and granting the powers ; and I will give you notice of my set- 
ting out, by express. 

I am, with great regard, sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

LOUDOUN. 
To Governor Greene. 



1768.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 117 



Proceedings of the General Assemhly , held for the Colony of Bhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kingstown, the 
\Uh day Fehruary, 1758. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon, John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, His Excellency the Earl of Loudoun, commander 
in chief of His Majesty's forces in North America, by his letter, 
dated the 7th of this instant February, hath required and ap- 
pointed a convention of the governors of the northern prov- 
inces and colonies, with commissioners properly authorized, to 
be holden at Hartford, in the colony of Connecticut, on Monday 
next, in order to settle and determine what assistance from 
the said provinces and colonies, will be necessary to carry on 
the war the next campaign, — 

This Assembly therefore do vote and resolve, and it is voted 
and resolved, that His Honor the Governor, with two others, to 
be by this Assembly appointed, be, and they hereby are con- 
stituted commissioners, to wait upon His Lordship at the time 
and place by him assigned for the purpose, aforesaid ; and if 
by reason of the indisposition which the Governor now labors 
under, he shall be incapable of attending, then the other two 
shall proceed and attend without him ; and are hereby invest- 
ed with the same power that is granted unto all three. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the commissioners who are to wait upon His Ex- 
cellency the Earl of Loudoun, at the approaching congress in 
Connecticut, use their best endeavors, together with the com- 
missioners of the other governments, to discover what propor- 
tion each government supplied of the ordnance and stores for 
the Crown Point expedition, and delivered to His Majesty's 
troops, at Fort William Henry, by the hands of Col. Richard 
Gridley, chief engineer and commander of the train of artille- 



118 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

ry to the provincial forces, kc, on the 2d day of November, 
1756. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the articles following, be, and they are hereby, 
made instructions unto His Honor the Governor and the gen- 
tlemen that shall be by this Assembly appointed to wait, as 
commissioners, upon His Excellency the Earl of Loudoun, com- 
mander in chief of His Majesty's forces in North America, 
with the governors and commissioners of the northern prov- 
inces and colonies, at a convention by His Lordship appointed 
to be holden at Hartford, in the colony of Connecticut, on Mon- 
day, the 20th of this instant February. 

First. You are to proceed immediately unto Hartford, and 
upon your arrival there, wait on His Lordship, and join the 
governors and commissioners of the other provinces and colo- 
nies, that shall be assembled at that place. 

Second. You are to lay an exact state of the colony before 
His Lordship, with regard to its fortifications, cannon, warlike 
and military stores ; the number of inhabitants, state of the 
treasury, and funds for supplying the same. 

Third. You are to beg His Lordship to lay the defenceless 
condition of this colony before His Majesty in the most favora- 
ble light. 

Fourth. You are to request His Lordship to make the colo- 
ny such an allowance for the provisions and military stores 
furnislied by this colony, for the last two years, as will corres- 
pond with His Majesty's gracious intentions, signified to us by 
his secretary of state. 

Fifth. In concert with the commissioners of the other gov- 
ernments, you are to request of His Lordship, that the forces 
raised by this colony, may be under the immediate command 
of their own officers, and no others, except the commander in 

chief 

Whereas, several commissioned officers, unto whose lot it 
fell to go in the last expedition from this colony, procured 
others to go in their stead, — 

This Assembly, therefore, do vote and resolve, and it is voted 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 119 

and resolved, that all and every of the persons procured, as 
aforesaid, shall have no more of the government than the pay 
that was allowed unto the common soldiers. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the committee which was appointed by this As- 
sembly, at their last session, to audit the accounts of the 
charges of the last expedition, be further continued for that 
purpose ; and likewise audit such other accounts as shall be 
brought in hereafter. 

Whereas, the Rev. Joseph Park, of Charlestown, in the 
county of Kings county, presented this Assembly with a me- 
morial, setting forth that he hath been ever ready to contribute 
all the assistance in his power, to repel His Majesty's enemies 
from their injurious encroachments on his dominions and just 
rights in North America, and to defend the country ; that in 
the year 1756, he consented to the voluntary enlistment of 
three of his sons, who served in the expedition formed for the 
reduction of Crown Point ; that when they were discharged 
from the service, upon their return homeward, they put their 
clothing and other furniture, to the value of about £ ! 00, cur- 
rency, in their chest, which was unfortunately lost in the sea ; 
that this summer, when the enemy attacked Fort William 
Henry, they were subsMtuted to go, and voluntarily went in the 
stead of officers, who declined ; that they did this without any 
consideration, purely to serve their country, and oblige their 
friends ; that he, the memorialist, was thereby put to consider- 
able charge, and received damage in his business ; wherefore 
he prayed for such allowance as should be thought proper ; on 
consideration whereof, — 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the sum of £100, be paid the said Joseph Park, 
out of the general treasury, for the use of his afores lid sons, 
as an allowance for what they lost, as aforesaid ; but that 
nothing be allowed them as officers. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Messrs. Elisha Brown and John Cole, of Provi- 
dence, in the county of Providence, be, and they hereby are 



120 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

appointed a committee, to audit the accounts of Messrs. Joseph 
Sheldon and Joseph Bucklin, for the repairs of Weybosset 
Bridge, and make report as soon as conveniently may be. 

Whereas, Christian Mayer, exhibited unto this Assembly, an 
account by him charged against this government, for boarding 
a number of His Most Christian Majesty's subjects, who, by 
the fortune of war, were taken prisoners, and brought into this 
colony ; and the said account being duly examined, — 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the same be, and hereby is, allowed ; and that 
£304 10^., the amount thereof, be paid the said Christian 
Mayer, out of the general treasury. 

An Act to oblige the inhabitants and inn-holders of this colo- 
ny, to receive and entertain the recruits that may be raised 
therein, for His Majesty's service. 

Whereas, it often happens that the King's recruiting offi- 
cers and others, his soldiers, frequently pass through this colo- 
ny, and recruit within the same ; and that the four pence, ster- 
ling, allowed them per day, by an act of Parliament, now in 
force, for the billeting each soldier, is not sufficient for their 
sustenance, while within said colony ; and the overplus is in 
and by said act, ordered to be provided by the inhabitants ; 
and wliereas, there is no law of this colony fur the fm-nishing 
and regulating the same ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority of the same, it is enacted, that for the future, 
when any recruiting officers and soldiers shall make due appli- 
cation to any of the assistants and justices or wardens of the 
peace, in any town within this colony, for the billeting of any 
troops upon the inhabitants, agreeably to the act of Parliament 
in that case, made and provided, that it shall, and may be law- 
ful for such assistants, justices or wardens of the peace, to or- 
der and direct any of the inhabitants or tavern keepers of such 
town, to receive so many of such soldiers as they may judge 
convenient, till the whole be provided for, and billet the same, 
at the expense of the colony ; and sueh inhabitant or inn- 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 121 

holder shall be allowed and paid out of the general treasury 
the sum of £'S As., old tenor, per week, over and above His 
Majesty's allowance, and no more ; and the like proportion for 
any longer or shorter time. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
if any inn-holder or tavern keeper shall refuse to obey such 
order or orders, given by any assistant, justice or warden, 
as aforesaid, he or she, so refusing, shall forfeit his or her 
license. 

Whereas, Nathaniel Bos worth, Esq., sheriff of the county of 
Bristol, exhibited unto this Assembly an account by him 
charged against the government, for boarding a number of the 
French king's subjects, who, by the fortune of war, were taken 
prisoners, and brought into this colony ; and the said account 
being duly examined, — 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the same be, and hereby is, allowed ; and that 
£'208, the amount thereof, be paid the said Nathaniel Bos- 
worth, out of the general treasury. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, Col. 
John Andrews and Mr. Samuel Ward, were appointed commis- 
sioners to go with His Honor the Governor, and wait upon His 
Excellency the Earl of Loudoun, at the congress by His Lord- 
ship appointed to be holden at Hartford, in the colony of 
Connecticut. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the secretary be, and he hereby is, directed to 
make out, under the seal of the colony, and sign a commission 
for His Honor the Governor, and the other commissioners ap- 
pointed to wait on His Excellency the Earl of Loudoun, at the 
congress appointed by His Lordship, to be holden at Hartford, 
in the colony of Connecticut. 

God save the King. 

TOL. YI. 16 



122 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND. [1758. 



Lord Loudoun to Governor Greene. 

New York, February 7, 1 758. 

Sir : — As His Majesty's affairs in Xorth America, requii-e a meeting of the gov- 
ernors, in order immediately to concert and carry into execution the plan of ope- 
rations for the next campaign, in consequence of His Majesty's instructions to me, 
dated at Kensington, on the 7th of May, 1756, in which are contained these 
words : 

" And you will, in all such emergencies and occurrences that may happen, whe- 
ther herein mentioned or not, not only use your best circumspection, but shall like- 
wise call to your assistance a council of war, when necessary, which we have 
thought fit to appoint on this occasion ; consisting of yourself, the commander of 
our ships in those parts, such governors of our colonies or provinces, and such 
colonels and others of our field officers, as shall happen to be at a convenient 
distance." 

And in consequence of the repeated orders received by the several governors of 
North America, from His Majesty's principal secretaries of state, from the 26th of 
October, 1 754, down to this time, I do expect that you will meet me, with the sev- 
eral governors of the northern provinces, at Hartford, in Connecticut, on the 20th 
of February instant ; to all of whom, I have transmitted this my cu'cular letter. 

But, in case the affairs of your province will not permit you to be absent at that 
time, that then you will send commissioners duly authorized for that purpose, from 
your government, in order that the meeting may be full ; and that no time may be 
lost in settling those affairs I shall there lay before you, which are so essential to 
His Majesty's service, and to the welfare of those pi-ovinces and colonies. 

I have appointed this meeting to be held at Hartford, on the Connecticut Kiver, 
both as the most central place for the whole, and because His Majesty's service 
makes my presence necessary soon after, in the southern provinces ; which makes 
my going to a greater distance inconvenient for the King's service, at this time. 
I am with great regard, sir. 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

LOUDOUN. 

To the Hon. Governor Greene, Rhode Island. 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 123 



Proceedings of the General Assemhli/, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations,' at Sonth Kingstoivn, the 
IWi day of March, 1758. 

The Hon. William Greene, Governor. 

The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, the 
Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Esq., was chosen Governor for the re- 
maining part of the current year, in the room of the Hon. 
William Greene, Esq., our late deceased Governor, and was 
thereupon engaged. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Edward Scott, Esq., and Capt. Daniel Ayrault, be, 
and they hereby are, appointed a committee to audit the ac- 
counts of the directors of the lottery that was opened and set 
up, to raise a sum of money for carrying on the building of 
Fort George, on Goat Island, in the township of Newport, and 
make report unto the General Assembly, as soon as conven- 
iently may be. 

Mr. Samuel Ward, one of the gentlemen by the last Assem- 
bly chosen to wait on His Excelleny the Earl of Loudoun, at 
the convention in Hartford, in the colony of Connecticut, pre- 
sented the following report : 

Report of the Rhode Island Commissioners, appointed to meet 
lord Loudoun, at the congress, at Hartford. 

I, the subscriber, being appointed one of the commissioners appointed to wait up- 
on the Right Honorable the Earl of Loudoun, in behalf of this government, did ac- 
cordingly, in company with Col. John Andrews, proceed to Hartford. As soon as 
we arrived, we waited upon His Lordship, and laid our commission and instructions 
before him ; and agreeably thereto, presented the following memorial, viz. : 

MEMORIAL. 

To His Excellency the Earl of Loudoun, commander iu chief of all JVIis Majesty's 
forces in North America : 
We, the commissioners from the government of Rhode Island, being ordered to 



124 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

lay before Your Lordship an exact state of the colony, with regard to its fortifica- 
tions and military stores, the number of inhabitants, the state of the treasury and 
funds for supplying the same, beg leave to represent to Your Lordship, that there 
is only one fortification in the colony, called Fort George ; very conveniently situ- 
ated for the defence of the town and harbor of Newport, which is the metropolis of 
the colony. But, as there are in the fort, only twenty-six carriage guns fit for 
service, and a few other military stores, it is to be feared the town might be en- 
tirely destroyed by a very small force, and the colony thereby disabled from raising 
any more men for the common cause; and of what fatal consequence it might be 
to His Majesty's interest to have the enemy in possession of so fine a harbor and 
island, situate in the midst of New England, we leave Your Lordship to judge. 

By an account of the number of men in the colony, taken the 24th of December, 
1735, it appears. My Lord, there were then in the colony eight thousand two hun- 
dred and sixty-two men, able to bear arms ; but as we have since lost many men 
by the war, and near fifteen hundred men are out In our privateers, we imagine 
there is not near that number now left in the colony. 

"With regard to the state of the treasury, My Lord, we can only say, that it is 
now several hundred thousand pounds currency, in debt ; and we know of no fund 
for supplying the same. And as this colony will be greatly distressed for money 
to raise its proportion of men for the ensuing campaign, we request Your Lordship 
to order the money due to the colony for ordnance stores and provisions, to be 
immediately paid to the government, agreeably to the accounts herewith pre- 
sented. 

And as, by the above account of the fortifications and military stores. Your 
Lordship will clearly see the weak and defenceless state of the colony, we humbly 
pray Y'our Lordship to lay the same before His Majesty, in the most favorable 
light. 

And we also request Your Lordship to give us such assurance as His Majesty's 
instructions will admit, that the forces raised by this colony, shall be under the im- 
mediate command of their own officers, and no other, except the commander in 
chief; which will greatly facilitate the raising of men. 

All which, is humbly submitted. J. ANDREWS, 

S. WARD. 

Hartford, 24th February, 1 758. 

Answer. 

To which memorial, His Lordship answered, that he had already recommended 
home the fort, and would again recommend the same. The billeting money. His 
Lordship told us, he would order to be paid as soon as the accounts were pro- 
perly made out. On account of provisions supplied by this government, we have 
received a bill of exchange for £407 2s. 10c/., sterling. 

In relation to the money due for transporting the troops last spring. His Lord- 
ship acquainted us, he had ordered all that he thought justly due on that account, 
to be paid, and supposed it had been done; but if not, he would take care that it 
should be soon paid. 

With regard to the account for ordnance stores, His Lordship told us he had re- 
commended it home, and as soon as he had an answer, would let us knoAv the deter- 
mination of His Majesty's ministers 



1768.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 125 



And as to our troops being commanded by theii- own officers, His Lordship de- 
termined to take them under his own immediate command, and assured us that he 
would take all due care that they should be well used. 

His Lordship then communicated to us, in presence of Governor DeLancey 
and Governor Fitch, his plan for the operations of the next campaign, and his 
proposals for raising the men necessary ; and as the number proposed for this colo- 
ny to raise, appeared to us much larger than our just proportion, Ave presented the 
following memorial to His Lordship, viz. : 

Memorial. 

To His Excellency the Earl of Loudoun, commander in chief of His Majesty's 
forces in North America. 

Your Lordship having been pleased to communicate to us the number of men to 
be demanded of the several northern governments, agreeably to Your Lordship's 
plan for the operations of the next campaign, we beg leave to assure Your Lord- 
ship, that the colony we have the honor to represent, is sincerely and heartily dis- 
posed to do every thing in its power for the common cause ; and knowing Your 
Lordship has nothing more at heart than His Majesty's service, and the welilire of 
his provinces and colonies, in America, they have always been ready to raise their 
proportion of any number of men demanded by Your Lordship. 

With this view, we are ordered to lay before Your Lordship, an exact account 
of the number of Inhabitants in the colony, and we heartily wish the other govern- 
ments had done the same, that a just and equal proportion might be settled ; but as 
nothing of that kind appears, we beg leave to represent to Your Lordship, that ac. 
cording to the best information we can get, the Province of the Massachusetts, con- 
tains two hundred and six thousand Inhabitants ; the colony of Connecticut, one 
hundred and thirty-four thousand ; the colony of Rhode Island and Province of 
New Hampshire, thirty-six thousand each ; in proportion to which numbers, the 
Massachusetts ought to furnish two thousand four hundred and thirty-two men ; 
Connecticut, one thousand five hundred and eighty-two ; and New Hampsliire and 
Rhode Island four hundred and twenty-five men each. 

And when Your Lordship considers how very small the colony of Rhode Island 
is, and in what an exposed and defenceless condition It is, and how great a number 
of the inhabitants are out in private men of war, we flatter ourselves that Your 
Lordship will be of the opinion, that four hundred and twenty-five men is the full 
proportion of the colony of Rhode Island. 

All which. Is humbly submitted. J. ANDREWS, 

S. WARD. 

Hartford, 24th February, 1 758. 

Amwer, 

His Lordship was pleased to hear patiently every ai-gument we could make use 
of, in support of our memorial ; but finally told us, that he had proportioned the 
number of men, agreeably to the plan of union concerted at Albany ; and as he 
knew of no other rule upon which the several governments had agreed, except 
that treaty, he thought if he varied from that, it would create a great uneasiness 
in the other governments, which might obstruct their raising men, and thereby be 
very prejudical to His Majesty's inttrest. SAMUEL WARD. 



126 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

And this Assenibl}^, having taken said report into consid- 
eration, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
same be, and is, hereby accepted. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Messrs. Nathaniel Pearce, Thomas Throope and 
Royal Paine, be, and they hereby are, chosen and appointed to 
take an estimate of all the ratable estates, and an account of 
the number of ratable polls in the town of Bristol, in the room 
of those persons -who were appointed to perform that service, 
but neglected to do it; and that they, the said Nathaniel 
Pearce, Thomas Throope and Royal Paine, be, and hereby are, 
subjected unto the same fines and penalties for neglect of duty 
as the- persons were in whose room they are now chosen. 

The committee that was constituted to audit the accounts of 
the gentlemen that were appointed to get a vessel built for the 
colony's service, presented the following report, to wit : 

Beport of the Committee appointed to audit the accounts of the 
Committee to procure a vessel for the colon fs service. 

We, the subscribers, being appointed by the General Assem- 
bly, a committee, to audit the accounts of the gentlemen chosen 
to build the colony brig, herewith presented the following re- 
port, viz. : 

We find the account exhibited by George Brown, Esq., to 
amount to £14,981 lis. Id. ; that of Obadiah Brown, Esq., to 
£4,063 195. ; and that of Mr. Joseph Sheldon, to £1,086 4^. 
2d. ; all which several sums, amounting in the whole, to £20, 
131 14-5. 9f/., we are of opinion ought to be a.llowed to the gen- 
tlemen respectively exhibiting the same ; for that each of them 
have produced proper vouchers for the most material charges 
therein contained. And as to the several sums they have each 
drawn out of the general treasury, we have no certain knowledge, 
JABEZ BOWEN, NICHOLAS BROWN, 

ELISIIA BROWN, NICK. TILLINGHAST, 

Providence, March 16th, 1758. 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 127 

And this Assembly, having taken the said report into con- 
sideration, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that 
the same be, and is, hereby accepted. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and enact, and it is 
hereby voted, resolved and enacted, that all officers of every 
rank and order in this colony, who received commissions, 
whether civil or military, from the Honorable William Greene, 
Esq., the late deceased Governor, do continue in and execute 
their offices in the same manner and with the same powers and 
authorities, until the expiration of the time for which they 
we rerespectively chosen, as they might have lawfully done in 
the life of the said late Governor Greene ; and His Honor 
the Governor, is requested to issue a proclamation j^ccord- 
ingly. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that from and after the publi- 
cation of this act, no fee shall be allowed at or by any court of 
justices within this colony, unto any person acting as an attor- 
ney or counsel before or in any such court. 

Whereas, Col. John Andrews, one of the gentlemen that 
were appointed in behalf of this colony, to wait upon His Ex- 
cellency the Earl of Loudoun, at the late congress, at Hartford, 
in the colony of Connecticut, exhibited unto this Assembly an 
account by him charged against the colony, for horse hire, 
and the expenses he was at in the journey, which he made 
on that occasion ; and the said account being duly exam- 
ined, — 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the same be, and is hereby, allowed ; and that the 
amount thereof, being £64 I85., old tenor; and £\ VSs. ocl, 
lawful money, be paid the said Col. John Andrews, out of the 
general treasury. 

And whereas, the aforesaid John Andrews, as colonel of the 
regiment of militia, in the county of Providence, exhibited the 
following account unto this Assembly, — 



128 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

Colony of Rhode Island, Dr. 

1767. March and April. To examining and mustering one 
hundred and twenty soldiers, and granting twenty-one 
warrants, and procuring ninety-four soldiers to be im- 
pressed in the county of Providence, in which I spent 
above five weeks' time in travelling to and from different 
parts of the regiment ; that therein I judge my pocket 
expenses could not be less than £100, old tenor, which I 
humbly pray the General Assembly will order to be 
drawn out of the general treasury, by their humble ser- 
vant. JOHN ANDREWS. 

And this Assembly having taken the premises into consid- 
eration^ — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
foregoing account be, and the same is, hereby allowed ; and 
that £100, the amount thereof, be paid the said Col. John An- 
drews, out of the general treasury. 

Whereas, William Pendleton, Esq., colonel of the regiment 
of militia, in the county of Kings county, exhibited unto this 
Assembly an account by him charged against the colony, for 
the charges and expenses he was at in October, 1756, in send- 
ing and carrying warrants to his under officers, when the Gen- 
eral Assembly ordered four hundred men to be raised ; for his 
expenses in a journey which he made to Newport, in order to 
receive the bounty money, and for paying away the same ; for 
his expenses in April following, whilst raising soldiers, and 
making up the quota of men ordered by the General Assem- 
bly ; and for his expenses in raising one-sixth part of his regi- 
ment, in August, 1757, by order of the General Assembly ; and 
the said account being duly examined, — 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
sol vd, that the same be, and hereby is, allowed ; and that £71 
45., the amount thereof, be paid the said Col. William Pendle- 
ton, out of the general treasury. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 129 

solved, that His Honor the Governor, be desired to write unto 
General Abercrombie, requesting that payment be made for 
the hire of those vessels which were employed the last spring 
in transporting soldiers and stores from this colony to Albany ; 
and also, that payment be made for the billeting the soldiers 
last spring, agreeably to the promise of the Pvight Honorable 
the Earl of Loudoun. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the speaker of the lower house, be, and he is here- 
by, appointed and requested to assist the general treasurer, in 
disposing of the bills of exchange, belonging to the colony, 
which were lately received of Christopher Kilby, Esq., His 
Majesty's agent victualler. 

An Act for raising and paying one thousand able bodied and 
eflective men, for the ensuing campaign, against His Maj- 
esty's enemies, in North America. 

"Whereas, the King has been graciously pleased to inform 
the colony, by letters from one of his principal secretaries of 
state, bearing date the 30th day of December last, that he is 
about to send a considerable reinforcement of land forces, with 
a powerful fleet, to make the most vigorous and extensive ef- 
forts to avert, by the blessing of God, on His Majesty's arms, 
the dangers impending on North America, and to carry the war 
into the enemy's country ; expecting that the six northern 
provinces will raise twenty thousand men, to be joined to, and 
co-operate with his regular forces, for these great purposes ; 
and this Assembly being highly sensible of His Majesty's pa- 
ternal goodness, and willing to exert themselves to the utmost 
of their ability, for promoting the service, — 

Do enact, and be it enacted by this General Assembly, 
and by the authority of the same it is enacted, that one 
thousand able bodied, effective men, including officers, be forth- 
with raised in this colony, to be employed in His Majesty's 
service ; tlxat they be formed into one regiment, over which 
shall be appointed a colonel, a lieutenant colonel and a major ; 
and consist of ten companies ; each of which, shall be com,; 
VOL. VL 17 



130 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

manded by one captain, two lieutenants and an ensign, except 
three of the said companies, which shall be under the immedi- 
ate command of the three field officers, and have only two lieu- 
tenants and one ensign to each ; all of which, shall be chosen 
and appointed by this Assembly ; provided, nevertheless, that 
no captain shall receive a commission until he hath enlisted 
twenty men ; no lieutenant, until he hath enlisted fifteen, and 
no ensign, until he hath enlisted ten. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the officers shall receive the following wages, to wit : 

The colonel, $45 per month ; lieutenant colonel, $38 per 
month; and major, $32 per month; each captain, $26 per 
month ; each captain lieutenant, $23 per month ; each lieuten- 
ant, $20 per month ; each ensign, $15 per month ; each ser- 
geant, $8 per month ; each drummer, $8 per month ; and 
each corporal, $7 per month ; and the enlisting officers shall 
receive four shillings and six pence, lawful money, for every 
soldier they enlist into the service. 

And for the encouragement of men to enlist, — 

Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that every 
able bodied man that enlists, shall receive a bounty of $18, or 
£100, old tenor; or £5 8s., of the bills of credit, emitted in 
August, 1756 ; and shall also receive one good blanket, one 
knapsack, and be provided with billeting from the time of his 
enlisting, until he leaves the colony; and shall have the 
monthly wages of $5,50, or £30, old tenor. 

And further, his person, estate and bail (if any he hath,) 
during the time he shall remain in this service, shall be ex- 
empted from all arrests, executions and confinements for any 
debt, not exceeding £300, old tenor, due to one person. 

And for supplying the treasury with money, to carry this 
act into execution, — 

Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the treasurer shall hire gold and silver, and bills of credit, 
emitted in August, 1756, and give bonds for re-paying the 
same, in gold or silver ; together with six per cent, interest, on 
the 25th day of December, 1759 ; and also bills of the old 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 131 

tenor, giving bond to re-pay the same, with interest, as afore- 
said, in old tenor, or in silver, at the rate of $1, for £5 10s., old 
tenor. 

Provided, nevertheless, that if he shall not be able to hire a 
sufficient sum of money for the purposes, aforesaid, on the 
above mentioned terms, within twenty-five days from the rising 
of this Assembly, then, and in that case, that there be emitted 
and immediately put into the treasury, a sufficient sum of law- 
ful money for the purpose, aforesaid, not exceeding £4,000 ; 
which money shall be printed from types, and in the follow- 
ing form, to wit : 

The possessor of this bill shall be paid by the treasurer of the 
colony of Rhode Island, twenty four shillings, lawfid money, at the 
rate of six shillings and ninepence for one ounce of silver, within 
two years from the date thereof. 

By order of Assembly, the 17th day of March, 1758. 

And that the bills be of the denomination of 24s., 18., sl2s., 
65., 35., 25. and I5. ; and of 9c?. and Qd. ; and that an equal 
number of each denomination be struck off and signed by any 
three of the following persons, who are hereby appointed for 
that purpose, to wit : Jabez Bowen, Jeremiah Lippitt, Joshua 
Babcock and Benjamin Nichols, Esqs. ; which money shall be 
received by the officers and soldiers in all payments for boun- 
ties and wages at the rate of six shillings for a dollar. 
And for the calling in and redeeming said bills, — 
It is enacted, that a rate or rates be assessed on the inhabit- 
ants of this colony, in such time that it may be collected and 
brought into the treasury time enough to redeem the whole of 
the bills to be so emitted, within two years from the date of 
said bills ; and that the whole of the rate or rates to be made 
for that purpose, shall be made in the same bills now ordered 
to be emitted ; or in silver, at the rate of six shillings and nine 
pence for every ounce ; or in gold, at a proportionate value ; 
and the gold and silver by those means drawn into the treabu- 



132 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

r}', shall be immediately applied to redeem the outstanding 
bills to be by this act emitted. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the emitting of these bills nor any thing contained in this act, 
shall have any effect, or in any measure influence the old or 
new tenor bills formerly emitted by this colony, and now circu- 
lating ; but that all bonds, mortgages, notes, accounts, coven- 
ants and contracts, made, given or subsisting in this colony, 
shall be deemed, construed and adjudged in every respect, as 
they would and ought to have been, if this act had never been 
made ; any thing herein contained, that may seem to the con- 
trary, notwithstanding. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
for supplying the treasury with money to pay the wages of the 
officers and soldiers, upon their return home, a tax be assessed 
and levied upon the inhabitants of this colony, sufficient for 
that purpose, and be paid into the treasury by the time it shall 
be wanted. 

And further, for re-paying the money, which shall be hired 
in consequence of this act, a tax shall be assessed and levied 
upon the inhabitants of this colony, in year 1759. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
whoever shall discourage any person from enlisting, shall be 
fined £50, old tenor, or suffer thirty days' imprisonment, upon 
his being convicted thereof, before any three justices of the 
peace, in the county where such ofience shall be committed ; 
which aforesaid fine, shall be paid into the treasury of the town 
where the offence shall be committed. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the 
treasurer immediately deliver to the committee of war, all the 
money that now is in the treasury ; and from time to time 
shall supply them with money for paying the bounties, and all 
other expenses that shall arise in consequence of this act. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the committee of war immediately collect together all the arms 
belonging to the colony, and have them forthwith put in order 
and made fit for service -, and that they, or any of them, be 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 133 

empowered to examine, upon oath, or otherwise, and finally de- 
cide any dispute or doubt that may arise concerning that 
clause of this act, which exempts soldiers from arrests for any 
sum not exceeding £300 ; and that they be, and hereby are, 
empowered and strictly required to carry all the parts of this 
act relative to their office, into execution, with the utmost de- 
spatch. 

And further, that they have the same power and authority, 
during the recess of the General Assembly, as they have at any 
time heretofore been vested with. 

Protest. 

Benjamin Gardner, protests against that paragraph of the 
act for borrowing money on the government's credit, because 
the circumstances of the government, respecting the vast quan- 
tities of money we want, and the present circumstances our 
money is now in, I fear will end in the utter ruin of the greater 
part of the inhabitants of the government. 

BENJ. GARDNER. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the sum of £10,000, old tenor, be allowed and 
paid out of the general treasury, towards carrying on the 
building of Fort George, on Goat Island, within the township 
of Newport ; nevertheless, there shall not be paid any part of 
the aforesaid sum, until the expense of raising the men by this 
Assembly ordered for the ensuing campaign, be first drawn out 
of the general treasury. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that Capt. William 
Mumford, be, and he hereby is^ appointed to carry on the said 
work. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, the gen- 
tlemen whose names are set down in the following list, were 
appointed officers, to command the regiment by this Assembly 
ordered to be raised for the ensuing campaign, to wit : 



134 REC0RD3 OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

Field Officers. 
Godfrey Malbone, Esq., colonel ; Henry Babcock, Esq., lieu- 
tenant colonel ; and Daniel Wall, Esq., major. 
Captains. 
John Whiting, of the fourth company. 
Ebenezer Jenckes, " fifth " 
James Tew, Jr., of the sixth company 
Samuel Rose, " seventh " 

Nathaniel Peck, " eighth " 
John Potter, Jr., " ninth. « 

First Lieutenants. 
William Richmond, Jr., of the first company. 
Robert Hopkins, " second " 

Joshua Brown, " third " 

Giles Russel, " fourth « 

Benjamin Eddy, « fifth 

Valentine Morse, " sixth " 

William Tripp, " seventh " 

Joshua Allen, " eighth " 

Edward Smith, « ninth « 

Second Lieutenaiiis. 
Moses Palmer, of the first company, 
Thomas Park, " second " 
Philip Baker, « third 
Sam'l Stoneman, " fourth " 
Geo. Shearman, « fifth « 

AbnerWest, " sixth « 
Oliver Reynolds, " seventh " 
Edward Talby, " eighth « 
Sam'l Saunders, " ninth " 
Ensigns. 
Eseck Carr, of the first company, 

Mitchel Case, " second " 

Nathaniel Bowdish, " third " 
Tamberlin Campbell," fourth " 
Richard Smith, Jr., " fifth 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 135 

Thomas Tew, of the sixth company. 

Caleb Tripp, « seventh « 

Thomas Rose, " eighth " 

Thos. Aylesworth, " ninth " 
Lieut. Giles Russel, adjutant. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that Capt. Ebenezer Whiting, now in the colony's ser- 
vice, at Fort Edward, be, and he hereby is, empowered to enlist 
into the colony's service, for the ensuing campaign, so many of 
the soldiers of the company he now hath, as he can ; and that 
upon egual terms, with the soldiers ordered to be raised for 
the next campaign. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the four commis- 
sioned officers of the said company, be, and hereby are con- 
tinued for the ensuing campaign. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the committee of war be, and they hereby are, di- 
rected to provide clothing, and deliver the same to such of the 
soldiers to be raised for the ensuing campaign, as they shall 
think stand in need thereof ; and charge what they so deliver, 
unto the account of the soldiers by them supplied. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that the adjutant now appointed, shall be allowed the 
same wages as a captain, so long as he sustains the office of a 
lieutenant. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that His Honor the Governor be, and he is hereby, re- 
quested, upon application from General Abercrombie, or the 
commander in chief of His Majesty's land forces, in North 
America, for the time being, to lay an embargo on all the 
shipping in this colony, for so long a time as His Honor shall 
think proper. 

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re- 
solved, that all the collectors of rates and taxes in this colony, 
who do not, within fifteen days after the rising of this Assem- 
bly, pay in the proportions of the bills of the old tenor, unto 



136 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

them, respectively committed for collection, shall be sued by 
the general treasurer. 
God save the King. 

Governor Fownall to Lieut. Governor Gardner. 

Boston, March 11, 1758. 

Sir : — Yesterday I rcelved His Majesty's orders to co-operate with the forces of 
this Province of the Massachusetts Bay, with His Majesty's regular forces in a gen- 
eral invasion of Canada. 

I recommended the matter to the General Court, and the House this day came 
to an unanimous vote to raise a sufficient number of menfor that purpose ; and then 
determined that the number they wovild raise, should be seven thousand men. 

It was thought proper that this Province should set the example. We have set 
the example, and I hope it will be cheerfully followed by the other governments 
without the least delay, that we shall answer His Majesty's expectations from us ; 
and that, by the blessing of God, we shall now be able to put an end to those dis- 
tresses Avhich the colonies have so long sufiered, and wholly to extii-pate their bar- 
barous and perfidious enemies. 

I am, sir. Your Honor's most obedient, and most faithful servant, 

T. POWNALL. 

To the Hon. Lieut. Governor Gardner. 

Governor Poumall to Lieut. Governor Gardner. 

Boston, 14th March, 1758. 

Sir : — Tlie Legislature of this Province having this day passed an act for laying 
an embargo upon ships and other vessels in this Province, I herewith enclose a 
copy of said act ; and as this appears to be a necessary measure, in order to carry on 
with vigor the operations of this year's campaign, I can make no doubt of the con- 
currence of your government therein. 

It may be, in some instances, very expedient to grant permissions for vessels to 
pass from one government to the other ; in all such cases, I shall be ready to allow 
the vessels of your government to return home, under proper restrictions ; and I 
shall hope for the like indulgence towards vessels designed hither, with pro- 
visions or stores, as His Majesty's service may be hindered rather than promoted, 
by an adherence to the act in its utmost rigor. 

I am, sir, your voi-y humble servant, 

T. POWNALL. 

The Hon. Lieut. Governor Gardner. 

General Ahercromhie to Lieut Governor Gardner. 

New York, iNIarch 1 5th, 1 758. 
Sir : — Mr. Secretary Pitt, having, by his letter of the 30th of December last, in- 
formed me that the King having judged proper that the Earl of Loudoun should 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 137 

return to England, and that His Majesty had been pleased to appoint me to suc- 
ceed His Lordship, as commander in chief of the King's forces, in North America, 
with the same powers and authorities ; and that it was His Majesty's pleasure, that 
all his governors on the continent, should apply to and correspond with me, on all 
matters relating to the King's service ; to which end, he, the said Mr. Secretary 
Pitt, had written circular letters of the same date, with the foregoing, to all Hia 
Majesty's governors in North America ; as, likewise, a second circular letter of the 
same day, setting forth the service His Majesty expected at this present crisis 
from his faithful and brave subjects in this part of the world ; and both these letters 
having been transmitted to, and received by you ; and they being so full and ex- 
plicit, as to leave no room for any additions. 

I shall therefore only beg of you to conform thereto, in every respect, and to give 
me the earhest notice possible, of the steps you shall have taken in consequence of 
them. 

And that you will employ yourself with the utmost application and despatch, in 
obtaining as large a body of men, within your government, as the number of its 
inhabitants may allow, so that I may have a body of twenty thousand men at the 
rendezvous which I shall appoint. 

I am further to observe to you, that I am particularly directed by His Majesty, 
to order an embargo to be laid, as soon as necessary, on all ships in the different 
ports of the respective provinces in North America; and as there is an absolute 
necessity for such an embargo at this present time, you will therefore cause the 
same to be forthwith laid on, in your province, and continue it until such time as 
you receive notice from me, for taking oif the same ; which you may be assured, 
will be as early as His Majesty's service will permit. 

There is one thing more I must recommend to you, as being very essential : 
which is, in regard to such men as your province shall furnish, in consequence of 
the foregoing directions ; for I cannot but observe to you, that in former levies of 
the provinces and colonies, the persons employed to collect them out of the militia, 
by their partiality, committed many abuses in excusing for some pecuniary consid- 
eration, the good ones from serving, and furnishing only indifferent ones. 

Therefore, in order to prevent the like for the future, it would be proper that 
you should appoint a person of trust, who shall be directed to see such men fairly 
drafted out of your best militia, and have a power to reject those he shall judge 
unfit for service. 

And as the body of men required by His Majesty of his faithful subjects on this 
continent amounts to a larger number than there are at present stands of arms in His 
Majesty's stores, I would therefore propose that every one of your men that have 
their own arms, would come prepared with them ; as likewise with a powder horn, 
shot bag, and case for the lock of his gun, and also with a good blanket. 

And His Majesty having been graciously pleased to order arms to be provided, 
therefore I do engage, that if any of the arms brought by the troops of your prov- 
ince be lost upon actual service, or through real use be no longer fit for such ser- 
vice, that in such case, upon due proof thei'eof, I will make the same good to the 
proprietors in money. 

I am, with great regard, sir. 

Your most obedient, humble servant. 

To the Hon. John Gardner, Esq. JAMES ABERCROMBY. 

P. S. The embargo took place in this port, yesterday. 
VOL. VL 18 



138 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 



General Ahercromhy to Governor Hopkins. 

New York, March 22d, 1758. 

Sir : — As there is a large number of men to be raised in this country, pursuant 
to His Majesty's commands, signified to me, by ]Mr. Secretary Pitt's letter of the 
30th of December last, which will require a much larger quantity of provisions 
(than was before apprehended to be necessary) for the effectual supply of this ad- 
ditional number of troops ; which will render it requisite to impress all kinds of 
provisions for this service, I must therefore desire you, sir, that you will take the 
proper measures, that all such provisions as the army under my command may 
want, should be impressed, secured and delivered to the contractors, or their 
agents ; they paying a seasonable price for the same. 

And I desire that you will appoint proper persons to settle and fix an equal 
price between the owners and contractors, that there may be no ground or reason 
of complaint on either side. 

And as by my letter of the 15th instant, I have applied to you, pursuant to His 
Majesty's commands, to lay an embargo on all vessels within the ports of your gov- 
ernment, which may possibly prevent them from coming to New York with provi- 
sions for the army under my command, I must desire (in order that the difficul- 
ties your trade is laid under by the embargo, may be the sooner removed) that 
you will give permission to such vessels to come hither. 

And that there may be no room for fraud or deceit, I would desire that the mas- 
ters may be obliged to enter into bond, with sufficient sureties, in such a sum as you 
shall think proper, that they shall land the provisions in this port, and return a cer- 
tificate within a reasonable time, of their having so done. 
I am, with great regard, sir. 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

JAIME S ABERCROMBY. 

To the Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Esq. 

Governor Fitch of Connectimit, to Governor HopJcins. 

New Haven, 25th March, 1 758. 

Sir : — The General Assembly of this colony considering the importance of a good 
harmony and agreement among the six northern governments, and in the troops they 
shall respectively raise for the ensuing campaign, hath judged it expedient that 
commissioners from the several governments should be appointed, and meet to con- 
fer and agree in such measures as may be proper, to excite and promote a uniform, 
expeditious and effectual proceeding therein ; the Assembly hath therefore appoint- 
ed commissioners on the part of this colony, accordingly ; and as we make the pro- 
posal, it becomes necessary to appoint the time and place of meeting, to wliich I 
conclude no objections will be made. 

I have enclosed a copy of the resolve of our Assembly, for your fuller informa- 
tion, and must request you to procure commissioners to be appointed on the behalf 
of your government, for this purpose. 

It appears the more necessary to take this step (while the troops are raising) as 
the greatest number of the m.en to be efliploye^ in this part of the general plan, is 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 139 

expected from these northern governments ; and consequently, every thing that 
shall any ways tend to unite their efforts, and render the great expense they must 
be at, effectual, ought to be done by them, lest for want thereof, this great design 
should be frustrated, and all our endeavors prove abortive. 

I am, sir, with very great regard, 
Your most obedient, and most humble servant, 

THOS. FITCH. 
To Governor Hopkins. 

Proceedings of the Connecticut General Asseniblf/, in relation to the 
campaign for 1758. 

At a General Assembly of the Governor and Company of His Majesty's EngUsh 
colony of Connecticut, in New England, holden at New Haven, (by special order 
of the Governor of the said colony,) on the 8th day of March, in the thirty-first 
year of the reign of His Majesty, George the Second, Iving of Great Britain, &c., 
Anno Dom. 1758. 

Whereas, His Honor the Governor, hath laid before this Assembly, a letter from 
the Right Honorable William Pitt, one of His Majesty's principal secretaries of 
state, dated December 30th, A. D. 1757, signifying His Majesty's most gracious in- 
tentions to make the most vigorous and extensive efforts to avert the impending 
dangers on North America, and intimating his royal expectation that all his faithful 
and brave subjects here will cheerfully co-operate with and second to the utmost 
such attempts for our own preservation and defence. 

Therefore, the better to facihtate this great and important enterprise, and to 
unite with the governments of the Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, Rhode Is- 
land, New York and New Jersey, to contribute every thing in the power of these 
colonies, to render effectual this undertaking ; that nothing may be wanting, that 
can by the governments be done, for obtaining the wished for success, — 

This Assembly do appoint Ebenezer Silliman, Jonathan Trumble and William 
Wolcott, Esqs., to be commissioners in behalf of this colony, to meet with such gen- 
tlemen as may be duly appointed by any or all of the aforenamed governments, at 
Hartford, on the 19th day of April next, or as near that time as may be, there to 
confer upon all proper matters relative to the ensuing campaign ; and to consult 
upon proper measures to excite a vigorous, united and uniform proceeding therein, 
to prevent any delays that may otherwise happen, and to render effectual their ac- 
tive and cheerful services to promote His Majesty's interest, and faitlifully pursue 
his orders; and of the whole result of such their conference and the various 
matters and things that may be agreed on, to make report to His Honor the 
Governor. 

And it is further resolved, that His Honor the Governor, be desired as soon as 
may be, to send expresses to the aforenamed governments, to acquaint them with 
this proposal, and to desire them to appoint commissioners for such purposes, to 
meet at time and place abovesaid ; and His Honor the Governor, is desired to com- 
mission the above named gentlemen, accordingly. A true copy. 



140 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newi^ort, the first Wednes- 
day of May, 1758. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

FREEMEN ADMITTED. 

Whereas, all and every of the persons, whose names are in- 
serted in the subsequent roll, have taken the oath or affirmation 
prescribed by the law of this colony against bribery and cor- 
ruption in electing public officers, as appears by proper returns 
from the respective town clerks, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that they, and every of 
them be, and hereby are, admitted and made free of the colony, 
and may therefore lawfully give their votes to choose officers, 
not only for their respective towns, but also in the choice 
of general officers. 

Neivport — Elnathan Hammond, John Arnold Hammond, 
Stephen Fry, Jabez Champlin, Henry Hunter, John West, 
William West, Nathaniel Bird, Philip Peckham, Robert 
Taylor Shearman, Job Easton, Benjamin Tayer, Thomas 
Crowley, Thomas Attwood, Peleg Carey, Job Bissel, Benjamin 
Greene, George Hall, Thomas Tillinghast, Jonathan Chadwick, 
George Cornel, Ebenezer Rumreil, Mathew Cozzens, Simon 
Pease, Jr., Abraham Dennis, Thomas Hudy, Henry John Over- 
ing, Thomas Eyres son of Nicholas ; Benjamin Brown, John 
Stearns, May Davis, James Tew, Jr., Reuben Peckham, Jethro 
Spooner, Henry Lyon, Ebenezer Grey, Joseph West, Latham 
Clark, John Gardner, son of William 5 Isaac Lawton, Joseph 
Rodman, Ignatius Battar, William Richardson, Benjamin Dun- 
ham, Benjamin Sanford, Job Snell, Samuel Nichols, William 
Gardner, son of Benoni ; Greene Rogers, Edward Dyre, Edw'd 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 141 

Church, Peter Simon, Benjamin Bosworth, Jacob Stockman 
and Samuel Pitman, blacksmith. 

Portsmouth — Giles Lawton and Joseph Kerby. 

WanvicJc — Thomas Greene, son of Fones ; Isaac Tripp, John 
Rice, Hugh Essex, Samuel Budlong, George Briggs and Thos. 
Greene, son of Nathaniel. 

Westerly/ — Jona. Foster, James Babcock, Jr., Christ. Babcock, 
Robt. Burdick, Jr., Josh. Babcock, Jr., John Bliven, John Bliv- 
en, Jr., Isaac Varse, Jr., William Vinsent, William Bromley, 
Samuel Pendleton, Charles Hall, Stephen Gavit, Henry Bab- 
cock, Henry Mulkin, Isaac Hall, Thomas Ross and Abraham 
Lewis. 

North Kingstown — John Congdon, Jr., Rouse Northup, Stuke- 
ly Westcoat, Frederick Phillips, John Reynolds, tailor; Chris- 
topher Fowler, Jabez Reynolds, Jr. ; Samuel Fones, James 
Northup, John Sweet, son of Benjamin ; Thomas Rathbone and 
Eber Sweet. 

South Kingstoivn — Enoch Haszard, Daniel Shearman, Jr. 
and Elisha Watson. 

East Greenwich — Pardon Tillinghast, Samuel Vaughan, 
Benedict Hambelton, John Wightman, son of James ; Elvin 
Briggs, Samuel Tarbox, son of John ; Thomas Wells, Abra- 
ham Greene, Caleb Lawton, Benjamin Bennett and Henry 
Straight. 

Jamestown — John Weeden. 

Smithfield — Jeremiah Smith, Jr., Obadiah Herenden, Peter 
Teft, Jr., Jonathan Gulley, Ahab Wilkinson Noah Smith, Jere- 
miah Phillips, James Teft, Eliezer Brown, John Farnom, Chas. 
Angell, John Austin, Benjamin Whipple, Richard Harris, Jr., 
Arnold Pain, Uriah Harris and Samuel Comstock. 

Scituate — Jonathan Seamans, Jeremiah Smith, Hugh Cole, 
William West, Zebedee Hopkins, Oliver Potter, Wm. Turner, 
Thomas Place, Edward Hoar, Peter Eddy, Elisha Bowen, Jo- 
siah Colvin, Abner Hopkins and Elisha Franklin. 

Glocester — William Coman, Jr., Richard Eddy, Saraael 
Steere, John Hambleton, Uriah Hawkins, William Dean 



142 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

Anthony Place, Stephen Steere, Oliver Arnold, Zephaniah 
Andrews, James Leonard and Joseph Keech. 

Charlestown — Stanton York, Tobias Saunders, Henry Welch, 
John Stiles and George Pooler. 

West Greenwich — Robert Hopkins, Robert Haszard, Samuel 
Hopkins, Robert Carr, Thomas Tillinghast, Zerobabel Matteson 
and William Jenckes. 

Coventry — Francis Colegrove. John Fox, Job Baker, John 
Arnold, Benjamin Foster, Joseph Johnson, William Chace, 
William Weaver, John Perkins, Edward Spaulding, Simeon 
Babcock, Joseph Bennett, Benjamin Dexter, Moses Burlin- 
game and Sylvester Sweet. 

Exeter — William Allen, Josiah Barber, Hezekiah Hoar, 
William Gardner, John Nye, Jonathan Lewis, Jr., Tillinghast 
Bentley, Robert Reynolds, Jr. and Ebenezer Moon, Jr. 

31iddletown — Joseph Durfee, Samuel Mumford, Henry Tew, 
Jr., William Peckham, son of Samuel ; John Gould, Jr., Giles 
Barker, William Peckham, the 3d ; and Jonathan Anthony. 

Bristol — William Martindale, Nathaniel Diman and Nathan 
Munro, son of Bennett. 

Tiverton — John Wilcock, Edward Sowle, Ebenezer Fish, 
Samuel Crandall, William Wilcock, Jr., Thomas Tripp, Daniel 
Fish, Thomas Gray, Jr. and Stephen Gilford. 

Little Compton — William Carr, William Brown, Benjamin 
Stoddard and Nathaniel Stoddard. 

Cumherland — Abraham Follet, Nathan Arnold, Ephraiai Al- 
len, Benjamin Allen, Moses Whipple, Timothy Ide, James Car- 
gill, Roger Braley, William Peters, David Caswell, Israel 
Whipple, Jr., Joseph Lee, John Burlingame, Benjamin Walcott, 
Peace Clarke and Uriah Clarke. 

Richmond — William Kinyon, Giles Kinyon, Peter Boss adn 
Jonathan Irish. 

HopJcinton — John Brown, William Guild, William Barber, 
Charles Bowen, Rowland Robinson, Timothy, Jr., Stephen Lar- 
kin, Joseph Reynolds, Jr., David Tanner, Elias Lewis, John 
Burdick, Nathan Barber, Nathaniel Kinyon, John Latham and 
Matthew Wells. 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 143 

The' following officers, declared elected, were duly engaged : 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Mr. James Honeyman, 
Mr. Nicholas Easton, 
Mr. Elisha Brown, 
Mr. Gideon Comstock, 
Mr. William Richmond, 



Mr. Joseph Brownell, Jr., 
Mr. Joseph Edmunds, 
Mr. Jonathan Randall, 
Mr. Daniel Coggeshall, 
Mr. Jeoffrey Watson, 



DEPUTIES. 



Neivport. 
Lieut. Col. Benj. Wickham, 
Mr. Edward Scott, 
Mr. Peter Bours, 
Lieut. Col. Joseph Wanton, 
Capt. Daniel Ayrault, 
Mr. William Read. 

Providence. 
Mr. Obadiah Brown, 
Capt. Charles Olney, 
Mr. William Smith, 
Lt. Col. Barzillai Richmond. 

Portsmouth. 
Mr. Francis Brayton, 
Mr. John Shearman, Jr. 
Mr. Walter Cornell, 
Capt. Robert Barker. 

}]'arwicJc. 
Mr. Othniel Gorton, 
Capt. Randall Rice, 
Capt. James Arnold, Jr. 
Mr. John Warner, Jr. 



Westerly. 
Capt. Joseph Stanton, 
Mr. Joshua Babcock. 

Neio Shoreham. 
Capt. Robert Hull, 
Mr. Nathan Littlefield. 

North Kingstown. 
Mr. Ebenezer Brown, 
Mr. James Gardner. 

South Kingstown. 
Mr. Jeoffrey Haszard, 
Mr. Stephen Haszard, Jr. 

East Greemvich. 
Major John Arnold, 
Mr. Giles Peirce. 

Jamestown. 
Mr. Joseph Clarke, 
Capt. Wm. Haszard. 

Smithficld. 
Mr. Thomas Arnold, 
Mr. Jeremiah Mowrey. 

Scituate. 
Capt. Job Randal], 
Mr. Jeremiah AngelJ. 



144 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND 



[1758. 





DEPUTIES. 


Glocester. 


Tiverton. 


Capt. Timothy Wilmarth, 


Mr. Samuel Durfee, 


Mr. Benjamin Smith. 


Mr. John Bowen. 


Charlestoivn. 


Little Compton. 


Capt. Robert Potter, 


Mr. William Hall, 


Mr. Joseph Hoxie. 


Mr. Constant Southworth. 


West Greemvich. 


Warren. 


Mr. Benjamin Gardner, 


Capt. Josiah Humphreys, 


Mr. Tibbits Hopkins. 


Mr. Thomas Cole. 


Coventry. 


Cumhertancl 


Mr. Caleb Greene, 


Mr. Jeremiah Whipple, 


Major Stephen Potter. 


Mr. John Dexter. 


Exeter. 


Bichmond. 


Capt. John Reynolds, 


Mr. John Webster, 


Mr. Benoni Hall. 


Capt. Nicholas Larkin. 


Middletown. 


Cranston. 


Mr. William Bailey, 


Mr. John Dexter, 


Mr. John Barker. 


Mr. William Burton. 


Bristol 


Hopliinton. 


Mr. Joseph Russel, 


Major Joshua Clarke, 


Mr. William Peirce. 


Capt. Edward Wells, Jr. 



Peter Bours, Esq., speaker, and Josias Lyndon, Esq., 
clerk. 

Mr. Thomas Ward, secretary. 
Mr. Augustus Johnson, attorney general. 
Mr. Thomas Richardson, general treasurer. 
The Hon. John Gardner, chief justice of the superior court 
of judicature, court of assize and general jail delivery. 

SHERIFFS OF THE SEVERAL COUNTIES. 

Newport county, Mr. George Gardner. Providence coun- 
ty, Mr. Allen Brown. Kings county, Mr. Beriah Brown 
Bristol county, Mr. Nathaniel Bosworth. Kent county, Mr. 
Stephen Arnold. 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 145 

COLONELS OP THE SEVERAL COUNTIES. 

Newport county, Mr. Josias Lyndon. Providence county, 
Mr. John Andrews. Kings county, Mr. William Pendleton. 
Kent county, Mr. Benoni Waterman. 

It is voted and resolved, that every soldier, who hath already 
enlisted, or may hereafter enlist into His Majesty's service, in 
the pay of this colony, for the ensuing campaign, shall (as well 
as every officer) have the sum of £10, lawful money, given 
him upon his return into the colony ; or in case of death, unto 
his legal representative, that is to say, — if the country of Cana- 
da be conquered and reduced unto His Majesty's obedience. 

It is voted and resolved, that a commissary be appointed for 
the ensuing campaign ; but he shall not have liberty to supply 
the forces on his own account, with any sort of necessaries, 
which shall be provided by the colon}^ 

It is also voted and resolved, that the wages of the officers 
and soldiers be paid up as near as conveniently may be, to the 
time of their embarkation ; and have one month's pay advanced, 
that they proceed upon the expedition according to the orders 
His Excellency General Abercromby shall give. 

And in consideration that the officers have no table expenses 
allowed them, — 

It is further voted and resolved, that the colonel's wages be 
augmented to $50 per month; and that the wages of the other 
field and commissioned officers, be augmented in the same 
proportion. 

It is also voted and resolved, that the delivery of the cloth- 
ing unto the soldiers, be left to the discretion of the committee 
of war ; and that every soldier who shall produce a good 
blanket, to carry with him in the expedition, shall be allowed 
the sum of £13, old tenor, for it; and three-quarters of a dol- 
lar per month, over and above his monthly wages, to be paid 
him in the camp, for buying liquor, and other small necessa- 
ries ; that every apprentice who hath enlisted already, or may 
hereafter enlist into the present expedition, shall have the 
whole bounty, and half of his wages to his own proper use ; 

VOL. VI. 19 



1*46 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

and the master shall have the other half of all his apprentice's 
wages, from the time of his enlisting, until the day of his dis- 
charge. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the committee of 
war procure, upon the best terms they can, a good surgeon, 
with a good surgeon's mate, and a doctor's chest ; and that all 
such of the soldiers as enlisted for the ensuing campaign be- 
fore the last session of the General Assembly, whose wages 
and billeting did not amount to £100, at the rising of the said 
Assembly, shall have a bounty sufficient to make up the same 
£100. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, chose a 
committee of war, to consist of the gentlemen whose names im- 
mediately follow, to wit : 

His Honor the Deputy Governor, Daniel Jenckes, Thomas 
Cranston, Peter Bours, Robert Potter, Nathan Rice and Abra- 
ham Smith, Esqs. ; Henry Babcock, Esq., Colonel and John Pot- 
ter, Jr., Esq., lieutenant colonel of the regiment raising in this 
colony, to go against His Majesty's enemies, in the ensuing 
campaign. 

It is voted and resolved, that all the papers relating to the 
sloop Dolphin, that were brought to Newport in the flag of 
truce, of which Capt. Joseph Bull was late master, and which 
are now in the hands of the Hon. William Ellery, Esq., be de- 
livered to the sheriff of the county of Newport, he giving a re- 
ceipt therefor ; and that the said sheriff, upon his receiving the 
same, deliver them unto the secretary, taking his receipt ; and 
that all persons concerned in the said papers, have liberty to 
take copies. 

It is voted and resolved, that the considerations respecting 
the colony vessel, be postponed until the next session of this 
Assembly ; and that, in the mean time, her bottom and upper 
works be secured against the worms and inclemency of the 
weather, b}^ the gentlemen that were appointed to build the 
said vessel. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that for the more speedy com- 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 147 

pleting the regiment to be raised in and by this colony, the 
number of companies be altered and augmented from ten to 
thirteen ; and that no officers be appointed for the three addi- 
tional companies at present ; but that instead thereof, enlisting 
orders be given by the committee of war to all such persons as 
are suitable, and desire the same ; that those who first return 
a sufficient number to entitle them to any commission, agreea- 
bly to the act of the last Assembly, shall receive their commis- 
sions immediately ; that those who may have enlisted some 
men, but not enough to entitle them to commissions, and shall 
return them into the service, shall receive a reward of $2 for 
each man so enlisted and returned ; that the officers who were 
chosen at the last General Assembly, and have entered on the 
service, and enlisted part of their men, but not enough to enti- 
tle them to commissions, have still power to go on and com- 
plete their quotas ; and in case they return a sufficient number 
to entitle them before any other enlisting officer, they shall re- 
ceive the commission ; but if any other receiving enlisting or- 
ders, shall enlist as many men as will entitle him to such a 
commission before such officer appointed by the Assembly, he 
who first returns a sufficient number, shall receive the commis- 
sion ; and that the enlisting officers shall enlist into the regi- 
ment for the intended expedition without mentioning under the 
command of any particular captain. 

An Act for repealing an act made and passed by this General 
Assembly, at their session in Newport, on Monday, the 13th 
of June last, entitled " An act further to prevent the inhab- 
ants of this colony from carrying on any trade or commerce 
with the French." 

Whereas, all the British subjects in North America, except 
those of this colony, are allowed to carry on trade and com- 
merce with the subjects of His Catholic ISIajesty, at a place in 
the West Indies, under his jurisdiction, called Monti Christo, 
upon the island of Hispaniola, and no bad consequence can at- 
tend such a traffic, — 



148 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that the act aforesaid, with 
every clause and article thereof, be, and hereby is, annulled 
and repealed. 

Protest. 

We, the subscribers, dissent from the vote of the lower 
house, for repealing the act of the General Assembly, whereby 
all vessels were prohibited from carrying on any trade to 
Monti Christo ; by reason we apprehend that Monti Christo is 
but a small port, and the produce thereof, but very small, and 
so near Fort Dolphin, a port in the French king's dominions, 
where we apprehend all trade carried on to Monti Christo, is 
only under a pretence to trade at said Fort Dolphin. 
JOHN BARKER, WILLIAM HALL, 

SAMUEL DURFEE, ROBERT POTTER, 

JOSHUA CLARKE, OTHNIEL GORTON, 

EBENEZER BROWN, BENJAMIN GARDNER. 
TIBBITTS HOPKINS, 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be, 
and he is hereby, requested to issue a proclamation, forthwith, 
to make public the encouragement given persons to enlist into 
His Majesty's service, in the pay of this colony. 

It is voted and resolved, that the embargo laid on the ship- 
ping and navigation of this colony, in consequence of His 
Honor the Governor's proclamation of the 20th of March last, 
be, and hereby is, further continued until it shall be otherwise 
ordered by the General Assembly, or His Honor ; who is here- 
by requested to issue proper directions, for the purpose, afore- 
said, unto the collector of His Majesty's customs, to the naval 
officer and captain of the fort in this colony. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee of war be, and 
they are hereby, jointly and severally appointed muster mas- 
ters, for viewing and examining all the soldiers that are, and 
ghall be enlisted in this colony, for the ensuing campaign ; and 



1758.] AND PROVroENCE PLANTATIONS. 149 

to pass all such as shall appear to be able bodied, effective 
men ; rejecting those that appear unfit for service. 

It is voted and resolved, that the gentleman who shall be 
appointed commissary to attend the troops of this colony, in 
the ensuing campaign, shall give bond, with two good sureties 
to the general treasurer, in the sum of £10,000, lawful money, 
for his, the said commissary's, conducting himself honestly and 
faithfully in the execution of his office. 

This Assembly do choose and appoint Mr. Joseph Cogges- 
hall, of North Kingstown, commissary, to attend the forces 
raised, and to be raised in this colony, for and during the en- 
suing campaign ; and that his pay be the same as a captain's. 

It is voted and resolved, that the colonel of the regiment 
raising in this colony for the ensuing campaign, request of the 
commander in chief of His Majesty's forces, to appoint some 
suitable person, belonging to the said regiment, to be sutler ; 
and that the committee of war furnish the person so appointed, 
with all necessaries that they shall think proper to supply our 
troops with, at a reasonable rate. 

An Act for emitting, in bills of credit, a sum not exceeding 
£10,000, lawful money. 

[This act was passed with the following protest :] 

Protest. 

We, the subscribers, protest against that paragraph of the 
act for making £10,000, to carry five per cent, interest ; for 
that the interest is much too high ; and three per cent, in our 
opinion, is high enough ; and that, as it now stands, the great- 
est part of the money will be hoarded up, and the consequence 
will be, that the poor must pay five per cent, interest to the 
rich, for the money they have lying by them in their chests. 

JOHN BARKER, JOSEPH STANTON, 

OTHNIEL GORTON, JAMES GARDNER. 

EBENEZER BROWN, 



150 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that the gentlemen appointed 
to sign bills of public credit, be under oath for the faithful per- 
formance of the trust committed to them in that behalf, and re- 
ceive half per cent, in the same bills, as a reward for their 
service. 

God save the King. 

General Ahercromhij to Governor Hopkins. 

New York, May 8th, 1 758. 
Sir: — Having by my letter of the 15th of March last, acquainted you that it was 
absolutely necessary for His Majesty's service, that an immediate embargo should 
be laid on all ships in the different ports of the respective provinces in North 
America, and accordingly did desire you forthwitli to publish the same, and to con- 
tinue it until such time as you received notice from me to take it off; which notice I 
then promised should be transmitted to you as soon as His Majesty's service would 
allow of it. 

I am therefore now, pursuant to the above promise, to acijuaint you that the 
fleet being sailed for Halifax, I have fixed on Monday, the 2 2d instant, for the said 
embargo to be taken off; and you will accordingly publish the same, within all the 
respective ports of your government. 

I have deferred it till then, in order that it might take place at one and the same 
time in all His Majesty's other governments on this continent ; wherefore I must 
desire that you will strictly observe and continue the said embargo until that day. 
I am, with great regard, sir. 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

JAMES ABEECROMBY. 
To the Honorable the Governor of Rhode Island. 

General Ahercromhy to Governor IlopJcim. 

Albany, 15th May, 1758. 
Sir: — Since your two letters of the 20th and 27th of March, in answer to mine, 
of the 15th and 22d of the same month, I have not had the pleasure of heai'ing from 
you ; whence, I imagine, that your levies have been successful, and that the regi- 
ment of one thousand men your Assembly have voted, are tpite complete and 
properly equipped with every thing necessary to take the field. 

I must therefore desire that you -will, upon receipt hereof, issue orders for their 
immediate march to this place, which must not meet with any delay, as the season 
advances fast, and the time prescribed by Mr. Secretary Pitt's letter to you for be- 
ginning thf o])eratinns of the campaign, is already elapsed. 
T am, with great regard, sir. 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

JAMES ABERCROMBY. 
To the Hon. SteT»lien Hopkins. 



1758.] 



AND PROVIUENCE PLANTATIONS. 



151 



Secretary Appy, of Nciv York, to Governor HopJdns. 

Albany, June 15, 1758. 

Sir : — Col. Babcock arrived here yester evening, and delivered me your letter, 
for General Abercromby, of the 9th inst., acquainting him that the greatest part of 
the regiment was embarked, and the remainder would very soon follow them. 

It is to be hoped they will meet with a good passage, as all the regular forces 
and part of the provincials have been up at the fort some time, and some of them 
set out for Lake George. 

It were also to have been wished, that your colony had been able to have fur- 
nished their regiment with more than five hundred arms, as those and the tents, 
that were ordered out from England, are not yet come ; but we are in daily expec- 
tations of hearing of their arrival at New York. This disappointment has been a 
great baulk : but, however, I hope we shall be able to furnish your regiment with 
four hundred arms. 

As to field equippage, all the governments and colonies have furnished their 
troops with them, and I make no doubt but your colony will have also provided 
their regiment with such 5 as it is an article that the King, even, does not allow to 
the regular tioops, who purchase the same out of their pay; consequently, no pro- 
vision is made for it by the crown. 

With regard to billeting or provision money, your colony shall be upon the same 
footing with all the others, in that, as well as every other respect ; the allowance is 
four pence sterhng, per day, from the day of enlistment to that of their receiving 
the King's provisions ; whei-efore, upon their arrival at Albany, every captain gives 
in a return of his comjjany, to the colonel, who makes an abstract of the whole, 
signs the same, and presents it to the deputy quartermaster general, who orders 
the payment of it. 

I have the honor to be, with great regard, sir, 

Your most obedient, and most humble servant, 

J. APPY, Secretary. 

To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 



Col. Bahcock to Governor Hopkins. 

Albany, 15th June, 1758. 

Honorable Sir :— After setting out from Westerly, on a Sunday afternoon, I ar- 
rived at Albany last night, when I found that General Abercromby had marched 
up to Fort Edward. I immediately waited upon Mr. Appy, his secretary, and de- 
livered to him Your Honor's letter, who writes by Mr. Stanton. I have the plea- 
sure to inform Your Honor, that we can be supplied with tents and four hundi-ed 
arms. 

I can't but hope that the General Assembly will fall upon some method of expe- 
ditiously l-aising the remainder of the troops, and that Your Honor would recom- 
mend the clothing of the men, Hot to say any thing of the credit it would be to the 
government ; but their appearance will be vastly more formidable and much bet- 
ter, and they would look upon themselves as if they were better troops than tho?e 



152 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

that are dressed in a loose shabby manner ; and I dare say, if they are called to 
action, they will behave more gallantly. 

We have heard that the store ship, with arms and troops, has arrived at New 
York ; if so, we shall be in no want of them. 

I am, &c., &c., HENRY BABCOCK. 

To the Hon. Stephen Hopkins. 

The Committee of War, of Rhode Island, to Governor Hopkins. 

Newport, June 29, 1758. 
Sir : — The enclosed letter to Col. Babcock, will show Your Honor the occasion 
of our addressing you at this time. 

We have received advice that the store ship is arrived, with the arms and tents 
for the American troops ; which, together with the want of arms in the govern- 
ment, moved us to write to the colonel. As Your Honor has written to the gen- 
eral, and Dr. Hunter set out this morning for Providence, in his way to Albany, we 
must beg you to interpose in this case, by a letter to the general, and directions to 
Col. Babcock, that may (if it be your judgment) coincide with what we have writ- 
ten him. We are Your Honor's most obedient humble servants, 

PETER BOURS, 
J. GARDNER, 
To Governor Hopkins. Committee of War. 



Proceedings of the General AsscmUy, held for the Colony of Bhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, on Monday, the 
\Wi day of June, 1758. 

The Hon. vStephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor, with 
the committee of war, be, and they are, hereby appointed to 
make inquiry into the charge this colony was at in the expe- 
dition carried on against His Majesty's enemies in the years 
1756 and 1757, which the crown is to pay ; and thereupon 
draw up authentic accounts of the same, to be by His Honor 
transmitted home as soon as conveniently may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that Obadiah Brown, Joshua Bab- 
cock and Job Randall, Esqs., be, and they hereby are, appoint- 
ed a committee, to inquire into the state of the treasury ; how 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 153 

much money the treasurer has hired for the colony's use ; and 
to distinguish how much and what sort of money he has hired 
by each and every order or act of Assembly ; and also to con- 
sider what rate or rates is or are necessary to be assessed, and 
make report as soon as may be. 

Whereas, Benjamin Miller and John Cole, Esqs., and Edward 
Bosworth, yeoman, all of Warren, in the county of Bristol, pre- 
ferred a petition, and represented unto this Assembly, that 
they had received of Joseph Munro and his associates (who 
were lately convicted of counterfeiting bills of credit emitted 
by this colony,) eight £16 bills, of the said counterfeit 
money, for which they, the petitioners, rendered a valuable con- 
sideration ; that whereas, a considerable estate in this colony, 
belonging to the said Munro, was forfeited to the government 
by his conviction, and sold by the sheriff of the county of Bris. 
tol, and the general treasury, for the colony's use ; that the pe- 
titioner's expecting the general treasurer would redeem those 
counterfeit bills, applied to him for that purpose ; but was in- 
formed there was no provision or order made, directing him to 
do so ; whereupon, they prayed some proper remedy might be 
provided for their relief 

On consideration whereof, it is voted and resolved, that Jo- 
seph Russell, Esq., aild Nathaniel Bosworth, Esq., sheriff of the 
county of Bristol, be, and they are hereby, appointed a com- 
mittee, to sell at vendue, to the highest bidder, (after proper 
noticp hath been given,) all such estate as the above named 
Joseph Munro had, in any lands within this colony, at the time 
of his conviction ; and deposit the money arising from such 
sale, in the general treasury, to be appropriated as by law it 
ought. * 

It is voted and resolved, that Obadiah Brown, Esq., and Mr. 
William Read, be, and they hereby are, appointed a committee, 
to dispose of the colony's vessel to the best advantage ; either 
by a private sale, or public vendue, first giving notice thereof, 
in the Boston newspapers. 

It is voted and resolved, that Lieut. Col. Stephen Potter, be, 
and he hereby is, appointed in the room of Mr. Benjamin Gard- 

VOL. VI. 20 



154 EECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

ner, one of the committee, to make inquiry what quantity of 
iron, and out of what materials hath been made in this colony, 
from Christmas, in the year of our Lord 1749, until the 3d day 
of January, 1756 ; and that the said business be done with all 
possible despatch ; that an account thereof, may be immedi- 
ately sent home to the board of trade. 

An Act to prevent the detaining or secreting soldiers already 
enlisted, or that may be hereafter enlisted into His Majesty's 
service, in this or either of the neighboring governments, in 
New England. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly^ and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that every person in this 
colony, who shall detain or secrete any soldier that is already 
enlisted, or may hereafter enlist into His Majesty's service, in 
this, or either of the neighboring governments, in New Eng- 
land, for the present or any future expedition that may be 
set on foot in this colony ; or that shall detain any of the 
clothing of such soldier, on any account or pretext, whatso- 
ever ; or that shall attempt to carry out of* the colony a soldier 
enlisted, as aforesaid, the offender being duly convicted there^ 
of, in any court of record within this colony, shall forfeit and 
pay as a fine to the King, the sum of ^500, old tenor ; to be 
recovered by the general treasurer ; who is hereby empowered 
and directed to sue for the same ; which fine shalllDe appro- 
priated to, and for the use of the colony. 

And the secretary is hereby directed to publish this act, 
forthwith, by beat of drum, in the town of Newport. 

Which was accordingly done, the 17th day of June, 1758, 
at the colony house, and three other of the most public places 
in the town of Newport, by THO. WARD, Sec'ry. 

God save the King. 



I'/SS.] 



SID PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 155 



AND 



General Order in relation to the Capitulation of Fort William 
Henry. 

Fort Edward, June 25, 1758. 

The enemy having become masters of Fort William Henry, by virtue of a capit- 
ulation, made upon the 9th of August last ; which capitulation, they immediately 
broke in a most notorious and flagrant manner, by murdering, pillaging and capti- 
vating many of HQs Majesty's good subjects, in violation of the said capitulation, as 
well as of the law of nations : — 

Upon these considerations, and in honor and justice to His Majesty's arms. Major 
Gen. Abercromby hereby declares the said capitulation null and void ; and that all 
officers and soldiers serving the 9th of August last, at Port William Henry, are hereby 
empowered and commanded to serve in the same manner as if no such capitulation 
had ever been made. All which, Maj. Gen. Abercromby has notified to the Gov- 
ernor General of Canada, signifying to him, at the same time, that if any of His 
Majesty's subjects, supposed to be comprehended in the said capitulation, may fall 
into the enemy's hands, and any violence follow thereupon, he will retaliate on the 
persons of the French prisoners now in his hands, as well as on all such as shall be 
taken hereafter by sea or land. 

The above to be published at the head of every corps in His Majesty's service, in 
North America. 

General Ahercromly to the Marquis de Vaudreuil, Governor Gen- 
eral of Canada. 

Extract of a letter from His Excellency Major General Abercromby, commander 
in chief of all His Majesty's forces in North America, to His Excellency the 
Marquis de Vaudreuil, Governor General of Canada, bearing date at Fort Ed- 
ward, June 26, 1758. 

Sir: — I have the honor of Your Ex 'ellency's letter of the 4th of June, with sun- 
dry enclosures, in relation to the capitulation of Fort WilUam Henry, made the 9th 
of August last. 

Without entering into a discussion of particulars, give me leave to acquaint Your 
Excellency, that a breach of that capitulation on the part of the forces of the king, 
your master, immediately after the surrender of that fortress, was so notorious, con- 
trary to the good faith which subsists amongst all nations, that in honor and justice 
to the King, my master, who has entrusted me with the command of his troops in 
North America, I think myself obliged to look upon that capitulation as null and 
void ; wliich I have signified to all his governors and commanders by sea and land 
in North America. 

I persug,de myself, that upon due consideration. Your Excellency will be con- 
vinced of the justice of my proceedings, in respect to the capitulation ; and that 
nothing can induce you so far to lay aside humanity, as to offer the least violence 
on the person of any of His Majesty's subjects, civil or military, compi-ehended in 
that capitulation, that may unfortunately fell into your hands ; as I must myself be 
obliged, as well as His Majesty's other commanders, both by sea and land, to make 



156 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLi^D [1758. 

retaliation on all subjects of His Most Christian Majesty, that are now prisoners 
amongst us, or who may hereafter fall into our hands. 

Allow me further to acquaint Your Excellency, that I am determined to carry 
on the war with all possible humanity, agreeably to the intentions of the King, my 
master ; and nothing shall engage me to pursue contrary measures, but a failure in 
that respect on the part of the troops of the king, jour master. 

Secretari/ Appy to Governor Hopkins. 

Albanj', 30th June, 1758. 

Sir : — General Abercromby having lately received, by a flag of truce, a letter 
from M. Vaudreuil, Governor General of Canada, insisting on the immediate execu- 
tion of the capitulation of Fort William Henry, and summoning His Excellency, 
agreeably to the terms thereof, forthwith to send back to him, all the French 
kings's subjects in our possession, that we have taken prisoners since the commence- 
ment of the present war, until the 9th of August last, the day of the date of the 
said capitulation, His Excellency, in answer thereto, has judged it proper to de- 
clare the capitulation null and void, by reason of its being notorious, that the ene- 
my have been guilty of an open breach of the same, by a violation of the laws of 
humanity and of nations. 

Wherefore, he has given it out, in his public orders of the 25th instant, that all 
officers and soldiers taken at the attack and surrender of Fort William Henry 
were liberated fi-om the restraint they laid under, of serving His Majesty ; and 
therefore enjoined and commanded all such as theretofore had been comprised un- 
der the said restraint, to act in the same manner as if the said capitulation had not 
existed ; and that no one, whom it might concern, should plead ignorance thereof, 
he likewise commanded that the said orders should be published at the head of 
every corps in His Majesty's service in North America. 

And by his letter, of the 26th of the same month, to M. Vaudreuil, he acquaints 
him with the resolution he had come to, and the reasons for the same ; adding that 
he should signify the like, to all His Majesty's governors and commarlders by sea 
and land, in North America, aforesaid ; for which purpose, I have the honor to 
herewith, transmit to you a copy of the said orders, and an extract of His Excel-^ 
lency's letter to the Governor General of Canada. 

I have the honor to be, with the greatest regard, sir. 

Your most obedient, and most humble servant, 

J. APPY 

To the Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Esq. 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 157 



Proceedings of the General Assemhlt/, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, on the 1\st 
day of August, 1758. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, Henry Babcock, Esq., colonel of the regiment by 
this colony raised for the campaign of the current year, hath 
by letter, informed the committee of war that Mr. Caleb Hack- 
er, captain of a company in the said regiment, hath returned 
without leave of the said colonel, or letting him know of it ; 
which conduct of him, the said Hacker, if passed by unnoticed, 
may be attended with very pernicious consequences ; — 

Wherefore, it is voted and resolved, that the committee of war 
do, as soon as conveniently may be, send the said Caleb Hacker 
back again to the army, that he may be dealt with according 
to law. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sheriff of the county of 
Newport, sell the broken arms belonging to the colony, at pub- 
lic vendue, on Thursday next, at 2 o'clock, in the afternoon. 

What follows, is a report presented by the gentlemen who 
signed the same ; unto which, is subjoined their oaths : 

Report of the Committee appointed to take an estimate of the ratable 
estates and number of polls in the town of Bristol 

" We, the subscribers, being appointed by the General As- 
sembly of this colony, at their session in March, 1758, to take 
an estimate of all the ratable estates and number of polls in the 
fown of Bristol ; and having pursued the direction of the law 
in that case made and provided, do report as follows, viz. : 

We find the amount of all the ratable estates to be £731- 



158 RECOKDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

813 12-9. ; and the number of polls one hundred and eighty- 
three. NATHANIEL PEARSE, 

THOMAS THROOPE, 
Bristol, August, 1758. ROYAL PAYNE." 

"Bristol ss. On the 18th day of August, A. D. 1758, ap- 
peared the above subscribers, and made solemn oath, that the 
above estimate or valuation of the ratable estates, and number 
of polls in the town of Bristol, is made according to the best of 
their knowledge. 

Test. SHEARJASHUB BOURN, Just. Peace." 

And this report being duly examined and considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
accepted. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be, 
and he hereby is, requested to make earnest application unto 
His Excellency General Abercromby, for pay for the hire of 
the vessels employed in the transportation of the troops raised 
last year in this colony, to Albany ; and that in the mean time, 
the committee of war settle with the owners of the said trans- 
ports, and pay them for the hire of their said vessels. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee of war be, and 
they hereby are, directed to pay for all the small arms that 
were either impressed or hired for the colony's service several 
years past, and have not been returned to the owners ; and 
that the payment be according to appraisement, and the true 
value of our money at the time of their being hired or im- 
pressed. 

Whereas, it appears unto this Assembly, that many of the 
soldiers raised by this colony, for His Majesty's service, in the 
present expedition, under the command of His Excellency Ma- 
jor General Abercromby, have deserted and returned home, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that His Honor the Gov-* 
ernor be, and he hereby is, requested to issue forthwith a pro- 
clamation, commanding all such deserters immediately to re- 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 159 

sign themselves up to some one of the committee of war, for 
this colony ; assuring those that do so voluntarily, within ten 
days after the date of such proclamation, that they shall be 
recommended to mercy 5 and also calling upon and strictly 
commanding all officers, both civil and military, within this 
colony, and all other His Majesty's liege subjects, to exert their 
authority, and use their utmost endeavors, immediately to ap- 
prehend and secure such deserter, and promising a reward for 
apprehending and securing each deserter, the value of one 
month's pay of such deserter. 

And that His Honor also insert in his proclamation, ab- 
stracts of such acts of Parliament, and laws of this colony, as 
have been made for punishing such as conceal, support, trade 
with, or any way aid or assist deserters ; and also for the en- 
couragement of those who shall apprehend and secure them. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that all deserters who 
shall resign themselves, or be apprehended, shall be sent back 
to their duty by the committee of war, in the most expeditious 
and safe manner ; and that all officers in this colony, both civil 
and military, that shall refuse, or any way neglect to do their 
duty in apprehending and securing any deserter or deserters, 
shall, for every offence, forfeit the sum of £100 (to be recov- 
ered by any one of the committee of war, by action of debt,) 
and be removed from their office, and rendered absolutely inca- 
pable of holding any office in this colony afterwards. 

It is voted and resolved, that the bounty or premium which 
shall be given for apprehending a deserter from the regiment 
raised by this colony, and now actually in His Majesty's ser- 
vice, shall, at the time of paying ofi' the soldiers, be deducted 
out of the wages of such deserter, together with the expenses 
that may arise or accrue from apprehending, securing, and re- 
turning him to the regiment ; and whenever it shall happen, 
that there is not enough due to a deserter, to pay such premi- 
um, he shall be sold by one of the committee of war, for pay- 
ment thereof, and stand committed to jail until he is sold. 

It is voted and resolved, that Gideon Comstock, James 
Helme, Job Randall and Benjamin Nichols, Esqs., be, and they, 



160 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

or the major part of them, are hereby appointed a committee, 
to examine the account of Jahleel Brenton, Esq., with the colo- 
ny, and report their opinion upon the same, unto this Assembly, 
at their next session. 

Whereas, Othniel Gorton, Esq., exhibited unto this Assem- 
bly, an account by him charged against the colony, for his time 
and trouble in attending upon the executors of the late Gov- 
ernor Greene, in Warwick, to receive of them the charter, with 
a book, called Fones's Records, and sundry other papers, be- 
longing to the government; and afterwards delivering the 
same to His Honor the present Governor, at Providence ; and 
the said account being duly examined, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, al- 
lowed; and that £10, the amount of it, be paid the said Oth- 
niel Gorton, out of the general treasury. 

What follows, is the report of the committee that was ap- 
pointed to inquire concerning iron, &c. 

Report, 

" We, the subscribers, being a committee, appointed by the 
General Assembly, at their session in August, Anno Domini, 
1757, to make inquiry, what quantity of iron, and out of what 
materials hath been made in this colony, from Christmas, A, 
A. D. 1749, to the 5th day of January, 1756, do report as 
follows : 

That there has been made of pig metal, imported from New 
York, Philadelphia and the Jerseys, in said time, five hundred 
and eighty-nine tons, nine hundred and one quarter, and six- 
teen pounds ; and out of bog ore, one hundred and thirteen 
tons, one hundred two quarters and twenty-two pounds. 

THOMAS ARNOLD, STEPHEN POTTER." 

IMMANUEL NORTHUP, 

And the premises being duly considered, — 
It is voted and resolved, that the foregoing report be, and 
the same is, hereby accepted ; and His Honor the Governor, is 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 161 

requested to send home as soon as conveniently may be, an an- 
swer to the queries sent by board of trade, respecting the iron 
manufacture of this colony. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that all warrants that are now 
granted, or shall at any time hereafter be issued, for collecting 
rates or taxes, shall continue, abide, and remain in full force, 
to all intents and purposes until the whole of each respective 
rate or tax shall be levied and collected. 

Whereas, Handley Chipman, of Newport, in the county of 
Newport, distiller, preferred a petition, and represented unto 
this Assembly, that he purchased some time past, for carrying 
on the business of distilling and soap-boiling, a large lot of 
land, at the south end of the town of Newport, aforesaid, with 
a small house thereon, unto which he hath made a considerable 
addition ; and also erected a still-house, soap-house, cooper's 
shop, warehouse, joiner's shop, chaise-house and stable, which 
involved him considerably in debt ; nevertheless, he had hopes 
to clear himself speedily by his business, and probably should 
have done it, had not war come on, which has, in a great mea- 
sure broke up the business of distilling, and greatly injured 
almost every other trade. This put the petitioner upon en- 
deavoring to find out another way to clear himself of his diffi- 
culties ; that a voyage presented, in which he thought there 
was a good prospect of effecting it ; and accordingly, he went 
to sea, but was unfortunately taken by the enemy, and lost all 
he had with him, which was pretty considerable ; so that in- 
stead of bettering his circumstances, he became plunged deeper 
in debt ; and now hath no way to extricate himself, but by 
selling his estate. And as no person, who will give anything 
near the value of it, presents to purchase, he, the said Handley 
Chipman, prayed for liberty to open and erect a lottery, for 
not exceeding the sum of £30,000. On consideration where- 
of,— 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of the said Handley 
Chipman, in his aforesaid petition made, be, and the same is 

VOL. VL 21 



162 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

hereby, granted ; and to the end that the said lottery may be 
properly and regularly carried on, — 

It is further voted and resolved, that Messrs. Elnathan Ham- 
mond, James Tanner, John Wanton, son of Gideon ; Jonathan 
Otis and Henry Ward, be, and hereby are, chosen directors or 
managers of the same. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be, 
and he is hereby, requested to write proper answers to the let- 
ters which he received from Hispaniola, with regard to a 
church being robbed there, informing that this government 
will do all in their power to discover the perpetrators of the 
sacrilege. 

His Honor is also requested to write unto the Hon. James 
DeLancey, Esq., lieutenant governor and commander in chief 
of the province of New York, requesting him to inform this 
government what he knows of the above affair ; and that after 
the Governor shall have received an answer from Mr. DeLan- 
cey, to proceed with the advice of his Council, either to release 
John Shearman, who now stands committed to His Majesty's 
jail in Newport, on that account, or keep him there confined. 

Whereas, in the month of June, 1767, His Honor the Deputy 
Governor, (upon a rumor of a French privateer's being upon 
the coast,) sent out two armed vessels in quest of her ; one of 
which, touched at Block Island, where she was supplied with 
four sheep and a cheese, by Mr. Edmund Sheffield, of that 
place, all to the value of £43 I65., old tenor; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the speaker of the 
lower house draw the sum of £43 I65., out of the general 
treasury, and pay the same unto whom it shall appear to him 
to be due. 

It is voted and resolved, that in order to supply the treasu- 
ry, the general treasurer be, and he is hereby, directed to hire 
for a term of time, not exceeding one year, at the rate of six 
per cent, per annum, as many of the bills of credit emitted by 
this colony, called lawful money, as he can, not exceeding the 
value of £150,000, old tenor. 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 163 

It is voted and resolved, that Lieut. Col. Benjamin Wick- 
ham, Capt. Daniel Ayrault and Mr. William Read, be, and 
they hereby are, appointed a committee, to inquire what mili- 
tary stores belonging to the colony, are upon the island of 
New Shoreham, alias Block Island ; and that they be delivered 
unto George Gardner, captain of the company, or trained band, 
of the said New Shoreham. 

Whereas, Benoni Hall, of Exeter, in the county of Kings 
county, and colony, aforesaid, Esq., preferred a petition, and 
represented unto this Assembly, that his son, Henry Hall, and one 
Parry, of Newport, aforesaid, were taken prisoners and carried 
into New Orleans, upon the Mississippi, where they have been 
confined for more than a year ; and that there is no prospect 
of their being released within any reasonable time ; whereup- 
on, the said Benoni prayed this Assembly to recommend it un- 
to His Honor the Governor, to grant a commission, authorizing 
him to proceed with a flag of truce unto the said New Orleans, 
in order to fetch them home ; proposing, and also offering to 
carry as many of His Most Christian Majesty's subjects, now 
prisoners of war, in this colony, as shall be willing to go 
thither ; and to bring from thence as many British subjects, 
who are prisoners of war there, as he can. 

And the subject matter of the petition, aforesaid, having been 
duly inquired into and considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer thereof be, and is 
hereby, granted ; and accordingly. His Honor the Governor is 
requested to issue unto the aforesaid Benoni Hall, a commis- 
sion, for the ends and purposes above mentioned. 

God save the King. 

Col. BabcocJc to Governor Hopkins. 

Camp Lake George, July 4th, 1 758. 

Honored Sir : — Your letter, per Dr. Hunter, I received, and shall at all times, 
with cheerfulness, inform you of what passes with us. 

To-morrow morning, at day break, we shall out set with sixteen thousand men, in 
order to reduce Caraton, &c. This you may depend upon \ for the general gave it 
out in orders yesterday. Col. Broadstreet, with fifteen hundred picked men, leads 



164 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

the van, together with Rogers and Putnam ; the provincials upon the right and 
left, and the regulars in the centre. 

When we land, we are to form one line ; for we imagine that that army that 
flanks the other, will carry the day ; and I doubt, that by the smiles of Divine 
Providence, we shall make an easy conquest of them. Neither Potter nor Wall, 
have as yet joined me ; and if they don't to-day, they had just as good be at home. 
Each batteaux will either cai-ry eight barrels of flour, and twenty men-two ; or six 
barrels of pork and twenty-two men. 

I am, sir, with profound respect. 

Your most obedient, and most humble servant, 

HENRY BABCOCK. 
To the Hon. Stephen Hopkins. 

Col. Bdbcock to Governor HopJtms. 

Lake George, 10th July, 1758. 

Honored Sir : — The 5th inst., the army, consisting of fifteen thousand men, pro- 
ceeded down the lake, in batteaux, with thirty days' provision. 

The 6th, in the morning, half after eight, we landed at the advance guard ; who 
were very easily driven from their post, with no loss on our side, and but four on 
theirs. About two o'clock, P. M., the whole army marched, saving a battalion of 
the York regiment, who were posted as a guard on our batteaux. About three 
o'clock, we were attacked by a party of the enemy, in which engagement, we un- 
fortunately lost the brave Lord Howe. There were taken of the enemy one 
hundred prisoners, eight of whom were officers ; our army was much scattered by 
reason of the firing in the woods, and it was thought advisable to return that eve- 
ning to our batteaux. 

The next day. Col. Broadstreet was ordered with fifteen hundred batteaux men, 
and two regular regiments, with five of the Massachusetts regiments, to take pos- 
session of the saw mill, which we did, without the loss of a man. The same eve- 
ning, the whole marched up to the saw mill. 

The 8th, (the fatal 8th,) were ordered to proceed in the following manner : the 
batteaux men, Hght armed infantry, and the rangers, were ordered to form a line 
about two hundred yards from the French entrenchments ; which extended from 
Lake George to Lake Champlain ; the regulars were to form a line behind the first 
line ; who, after they were formed, were to pass through the first Une, they making 
avenues for them ; after that, they were to form the line again. A captain and 
fifty men, out of the line, were detached for picket, who were to form in front ; the 
grenadiers were to form behind them ; and in this manner, they were to attack the 
trenches, and were to march with shouldered firelocks, till they should get on top 
of the trenches. 

They accordingly marched on with great intrepidity, but were received so 
warmly, that they were obliged to give ground, after making most vigorous efforts ; 
they even went up to the breast-work, but were knocked down so fast, that it was 
very difficult for those behind to get over the dead and wounded. But before the 
attack of the regulars, the enemy began with firing upon the Yorkers. In the rear 
pf the regulars, the Connecticut, New Jersey and Rhode Island troops were or- 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 165 

dered to form about three hundred yards behind, who were to support them, if 
necessary. 

About an hour after the attack, I was ordered to march with the regiment, to 
relieve those that had been engaged. We went up within about forty yards of the 
breast-work. Soon after I got up, in posting my regiment to the best advantage I 
could, I received a shot in my left knee ; after that, finding myself of no advantage, 
I ordered two men to carry me off, and left the regiment warmly engaged. We 
have lost no officers. Capt. John Whiting, Lieuts. Russell and Smith are shghtly 
wounded. The return of the killed and wounded. Your Honor has enclosed. 

The same evening, to my great surprise, the whole army was ordered to return 
to the batteaux, to the great mortification of chief of the officers ; and the next 
evening we arrived here. 

Never did an army gain more advantage in so little time, whilst the late Lord 
Howe was alive ; but soon after that, we became a confused rabble. We have lost 
a great many brave officers ; in Lord Howe's regiment, all the field officers were 
killed. 

Sir William Johnson joined us four hours before the engagement ; but the In- 
dians not being used to attack trenches, soon came off". 

I am, sir, with compliments to Judge Jenckes and Messrs. Brown, 

Your most obedient, and most humble servant, 

HENRY BABCOCK. 

To the Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Esq. 

N. B. Sir William Johnson had three hundred Indians. 



Col. Bahcock to Governor Hopkins. 

Albany, 29th August, 1758. 

Honored Sir : — Have written Your Honor several letters, but have not had the 
pleasure of a line from you this campaign, except a small letter by Dr. Hunter, 
whose brevet I filled up. 

I received a letter from the committee of war, informing of several deserters' re- 
turning home with discharges from the doctor, who they imagined had had leave 
from me, to give such discharges ; whereas, if they only read them, they will easily 
see they are only discharged from the hospital ; therefore, they are deserters to all 
intents and purposes. Enclosed, I have sent you one. 

I have likewise received the accounts of the billeting, from the committee, at 
Newport, but not from Providence, which I wait for, and orders what to do with 
the money. They should be made out till their arrival at Albany, which is proba- 
ble they may tell by the shippers of the transports ; but if they cannot, they may 
leave that blank. Caps. Jenckes came to Albany the 21st of June. 

Yesterday, two brass twenty-four pounders were sent up to the lake, which I 
think looks as if they expected a second attempt that way ; and if it's made, I can't 
but think we shall succeed; though we made an inauspicious figure before. 
I am, sir, with respect. 

Your most obedient, and most humble servant, 

HENRY BABCOCK. 

To Governor Hopkins. 



166 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 



Major Daniel Wall to Governor HopJcins. 

Oneida Station, or the Great Carrying Place, 
17tli September, 1758. 
Honored Sir : — I don't doubt before this comes to hand, you'll have heard of the 
expedition against Fort Frontenac. 

Three thousand troops, with four brass t^yelve pounders, and two howitzers, set 
out on the 14th August, on a secret expedition, under the command of Col. Broad- 
street ; out of which number, there were three hundred and twelve from the Rhode 
Island regiment. We proceeded to Oswego, with the utmost despatch, and crossed 
part of Lake Ontario; and on the 25th, we landed in high spirits, on an island, in 
open sight of Fort Frontenac and their shipping — a brig and schooner (partly 
rigged). 

Col. Broadstreet immediately sent a whaleboat to reconnoitre the shore, and find 
a proper place to land. The whaleboat returned, and thought it impracticable 
to attempt to land before the evening, by reason of the very great surf. Provisions 
were then issued, and the people employed in cooking. 

At about seven, in the evening, landed the whole troops, about a mUe distant 
from the fort, without being opposed. The rangers and Indians, who were about 
two hundred, scouting in the woods ; and an attempt was then formed to board the 
brigantine and schooner, with whaleboats ; but as they warped in under the fort, 
it was thought impracticable to attempt it. The troops were under arms all that 
night, in the front of the batteaux ; and about eight, next morning, all our artil- 
lery were landed and fixed in their carriages. About ten, began to cannonade, 
under cover of a hill, about seven hundred yards distant ; the enemy firing very 
hot, but without doing execution. 

As soon as it was dusk, we approached up to a breast-work of the enemy, erected 
at the time that Oswego was garrisoned, through which we cut embrasures ; and 
at day-break began to throw shells, which continued very warm tiU seven o'clock, 
the enemy firing very smart, both with their cannon and small arms, when we per- 
ceived them endeavoring to escape with the vessels. We immediately brought two 
twelve pounders to play on them, which shattered them very much, and all the 
crew on board took to their boats, and made oif, and suffered the vessels to drive 
on shore. Then the garrison sent out to surrender, and were suffered to take what 
things they could carry off in batteaux, and to go to Swecorchche [Oswegachie]. 

We were all day employed in getting the valuable things out ; and in the even- 
ing, in demolishing the fort, burning the vessels, &c., that were rigged ; which were 
two snows, two schooners and three sloops. The brigantine and schooner were soon 
got off; and next morning left the place on fire, and proceeded with them to Os- 
wego, where they arrived that night, and the whole fleet the next. 

There was an immense quantity of provisions, which they were going to trans- 
port to Frankfort and Niagara, and their other forts ; the want of Avhich, will dis- 
tress them very much. 

We arrived here on the 13th. After taking the most valuable things out of the 
brigantine and schooner, we burned them at Oswego. 

Dr. Hunter has not joined the regiment since we left the Half Moon, and have 
liad none with us, but Leach ; and he now is going down sick. Our people are very 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 167 

much fatigued, and are very sickly ; and so must be obliged to employ a regular 
doctor to take care of them. 

Col. Potter, with some of the other officers, and abovit one hundi-ed and forty 
of the men, are going down to Schenectady, to-day, sick ; the troops have very 
heavy duty here, since their return, in erecting this fort, and fall sick fast. 

Col. Broadstreet set out to-day, after his arrival here. Their garrison consisted 
of about two hundred men, capable of bearing arms, with a number of women and 
children, and was a great place of traffic among the Indians. By their own ac- 
count, the effects in the garrison, and adjoining, amounted to £40,000, sterling. I 
am extremely well, after the great fatigue. Col. Potter is ill. 

I am, sir, with the profoundest respect. 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

DANIEL WALL. 

P. S. Lieut. Col. Corsa, of the New York regiment, wounded, an officer of the 
Independents, and ten men of the different corps. 

Col. i^amiiel Angell to tJie Governor of Rhode Island, relating to 
the surrender of Fort William Henri/. 

Camp Fort Edward, 14th August, 1757. 

Sir : — The following is the best account of tlie siege and reduction of Fort Wil- 
liam Henry, that I am at present able to give, with the consequences that have 
followed. 

The 2d inst., Col. Young, of the tliii-d batallion of the royal Americans, and Col. 
Frye, of the Massachusetts, marched to the lake with about thii-teen hundred men, 
which made up the number in camp and garrison, to twenty-four hundred, includ- 
ing carpenters and sailors. 

On the 3d inst., at five o'clock, in the morning, the fort and camp were invested 
by Canadians and Indians ; and at the same time, a large body of boats and canoes 
appeared on the lake near, while our camp was attacked by a superior number of 
the enemy. They landed their artillery the same day. Our rangers brought in 
one of their lieutenants prisoner, who gave account that their strength consisted of 
three thousand regulars, five thousand Canadians, and three thousand five hundred 
savages, thirty-six cannon, and four mortars. 

The siege continued obstinate till the 9th day^ at six o'clock, in the morning, 
when all the cannon, bigger than twelve pounders, were broken ; the men in camp 
and garrison, spent with fatigue. They capitulated on honorable terms, viz. : that 
they should march to this place with a brass twelve pounder in the front, and their 
fire-locks clubbed, and colors flying, with all their baggage. This was agreed to, 
and articles signed. General Montcalm and other principal officers of his army, 
expressed and acknowledged that they had made a defence beyond expectation, 
and for those reasons, he allowed them as good terms as General Blakeney had. 
The articles obliged our men not to bear arms till eighteen months were expired. 

The morning following, our men were to march with a strong guard of regulars, 
to keep the savages from insulting them. When our people began to draw up for 
a march, the horrible scene of massacre then began, by the savages' scalping our 
sick and wounded men ; next, by their drawing out all the black men, scalping the 



168 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

Indians and keeping the negroes for slaves. All this did not satisfy them ; but they 
fell to stripping and scalping without distinction ; which put our men to the flight, 
each man for himself — having no protection, agreeably to the articles. They all 
scattered in the woods; the Indians following them several miles. Our men have 
been coming in since eleven o'clock, that day, till this morning, by single persons 
and small parties ; not a man but is stripped ; some, quite naked. 

There are yet behind several hundred ; many of whom, it is known, are sick, 
and many, it is thought, will perish in the woods. This minute, a deserter from the 
French sa}'s that about two hundred of our men went back to the French for pro- 
tection. 

By our parties just come in, we have certain accounts that the fort is destroyed ; 
and that the enemy are drawing off. We have about four thousand militia here, 
and two thousand troops. In haste conclude — 

Your Honor's most obedient, humble servant, 

SAMUEL ANGELL. 

To the Hon. William Greene. 

Secretary William Pitt to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

"VMiItehall, 18th September, 1758. 
Sir : — The King having judged proper that Major General Abercromby* should 
return to England, and His Majesty having been pleased to appoint Maj. Gen. 
Amherst to be commander in chief of the King's forces in North America, with the 
same powers and authorities ; I am commanded to signify to you His Majesty's 
pleasure, that you do apply to, and correspond with Major General Amherst, on all 
matters relating to the King's service, and that you do obey such orders as you 
shall receive from him, in the same manner as you have been directed to do with 
regard to the several former commanders in chief in North America ; and you will 
from to time, give Major General Amherst all the assistance and lights in your 



* General James Abercromby, of Glassau^h, Banffshire, Scotland, was horn in the 
year 1706. Having olitained a company, he was commissioned as major, in 1742, and in 
1744, was appointed lieutenant colonel of the 1st regiment, or royal Scots. He served 
throughout the war in Flanders, as commissary of musters, on General St. Clair's staff; 
and on the 16th April, 1746, was promoted to the rank of colonel in the army, and served 
as quartennastcr general in the expedition to Port I'Orient, in Brittany; in April, of the 
following year, he was wounded in a sortie from Hulst, in the Low Countries, then besieged 
by the French. On the 18th December, 1755, he was appointed colonel of the 50th regiment 
about to be raised for ser-vicc in America; on the 31st January, 1756, he was promoted to 
be major general, and on the 13th March following, succeeded Col. Ellison, in the com- 
mand of the 44th regiment of foot. He arrived in America in June, of that year, and in 
1757 commanded the second brigade in the expedition of Lord Loudoun against Louis- 
bourg. On succeeding the latter in the command of the American army, Major General 
Abercromby became ex-offlcio colonel of the 60th or royal Americans, and immediately 
set about organizing an expedidon against Crown Point. He was defeated at Ticonderoga 
by Montcalm, on the 8th July, 1758. He was thereupon suspended in his command, and 
returned to England; became lieutenant general on 31st March, 1759, and general in the 
army on the 25th May, 1772, having previously been appointed deputy governor of Stirling 
Castle. General Abercromby died at his seat, at Glassaugh, on the 23d of April, 1781, aged 
75 years. — Gcni'Zcmews' Magazine, Army Lists. 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 1^9 

power, in all matters relative to the command with which the King has honored 
him. 

I am particularly to signify to you, His Majesty's pleasure, that in case Major 
General Amherst, or the commander in chief of His Majesty's forces, shall, at any 
time, apply to you, to lay an embargo on all ships within your province, you do 
strictly comply with the said request, for so long a time as the commander in chief 
shall desire. I am, etc., W. PITT. 

To the Governor of Rhode Island. 



Proceedings of the General AssemU?/ held for the Colon?/ of 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the 
last Wednesday in Octoler, 1758. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that Gideon Comstock, Obadiah 
Brown and Joshua Babcock, Esqs., and Lieut. Col. Benjamin 
Wickham, be, and they hereby are, appointed a committee, to 
examine all the public letters in the hands of His Honor the 
Governor, which have been sent to this colony, or the Govern- 
ors of the same, and make report unto this Assembly, which of 
them shall be recorded ; beginning with the first letter sent by 
Sir Thomas Robinson. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that any two of the 
committee have power to act ; and also to consider and deter- 
mine which of the answers returned to the several letters, it 
■will be proper to record. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that from and after the publi- 
cation of this act, the Governor of the colony, for the time be- 
ing, shall have power, and hereby is authorized to draw upon 
the general treasurer, in order to pay the postmasters, resid- 
ing within the government, for the postage of all public let- 
ters and other papers, sent to this colony, or the Governor and 
Company thereof, to the amount of £20, old tenor, and no 

VOL. VI. 22 



170 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

more, at any one time ; and that the said postmasters do, once 
a year, render unto the General Assembly, a particular ac- 
count of what money they receive out of the general treasury, 
and for what they receive the same. 

An Act for supplying the treasury. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that in order to supply the 
treasury, the general treasurer be, and he is hereby, directed 
to hire, within thirty days after the rising of this Assembly, 
for a term of time not exceeding one year, at the rate of six 
per cent, per annum, as much money in gold and silver, and 
in the bills of credit called lawful money, and old tenor, as he 
can, not exceeding the value of £200,000, old tenor ; that he 
give bonds to repay all he hires, in the same species that he 
receives, excepting the old tenor bills ; of which sort the gov- 
ernment shall have the liberty to pay the sum hired, either in 
old tenor, or a dollar for every £5 10^. thereof 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
if the whole sum above mentioned, cannot be hired in manner 
as is aforesaid, the deficiency shall be made up, in emitting 
whatever the same may be, in bills of credit, equal to lawful 
money, of the same tenor and so be signed by the same gen- 
tleman as the last £*10,('00, emitted by an act of the General 
Assembly, in May last, were ; and that the bills bear date at 
the time of their being printed. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
a rate or tax be assessed on the inhabitants of this colony, col- 
lected, levied, and brought into the general treasury ; within 
one year, sufficient to pay off such sums as the treasurer may 
hire in consequence of this act; and that the bills (if any are 
emitted pursuant hereto,) be redeemed at the expiration of five 
years, or sooner, if the General Assembly shall think fit, by a 
rate or tax upon the inhabitants of the colony, to be, by that 
time, levied, collected, and brought into the general treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee of war do pay 
the owners of the vessels that were employed as transports in 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 171 

the year ] 757, to carry soldiers unto Albany (that is is say, 
such of them as have not been paid,) the sum of ten shillings, 
sterling, per month, for every ton said vessels measure ; and that 
the said owners satisfy the committee, aforesaid, as to the time 
their vessels were really in the said service. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee appointed to 
procure the printing of such bills of credit as may be emitted, 
or the major part of them, agree with any person to perform 
that service, who will do it in the best and cheapest manner. 

It is voted and resolved, that the Hon. John Andrews, Esq., 
whom His Majesty hath been pleased to appoint judge of the 
court of vice admiralty, in this colony, be sworn to the faith- 
full execution and discharge of the said office, before His 
Honor the Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that Othniel Gorton and Job Ran- 
dall, Esqs., be, and they are hereby, appointed a committee, to 
examine the laws of this colony respecting flags of truce ; and 
inquire also into all proceedings respecting the same, since the 
commencement of the present war, and make report unto this 
Assembly, at their next session. 

God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General AsseinU?/, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the \Wi day 
of December, 1758. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that Gideon Comstock and Obadiah 
Brown, Esqs., and Lieut. Col. Barzillai Richmond, be, and they, 
or any two of them, are, hereby constituted a committee, to ex- 
amine the accounts of Col. Samuel Angell, with the colony, re- 
specting the expense of his table, while he was commanding 



172 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

officer of all the forces raised by this colony, for the campaign 
in the year 1757 ; and make report unto this Assembly, at 
their next session. 

It is voted and resolved, that all the able bodied, effective 
men, now in the pay of this colony, be, and they hereby are, 
retained in the government's service, during the pleasure of 
the General Assembly -, excepting the field and commissioned 
officers, who are hereby discharged. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee which was ap- 
pointed to dispose of the colony's vessel, be, and they hereby 
are, directed and fully empowered to sell her for the most they 
can get ; and that the purchase money be applied to the colo- 
ny's use. 

It is voted and resolved, that all accounts against the colo- 
ny, respecting the soldiers in the pay of this government, or 
regulars, be submitted to such of the committee of war, as live 
in the county of Providence ; provided, such accounts do arise 
within their district. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor, 
Gideon Comstock, Edward Scot, Thomas Ward, Augustus 
Johnston, Esqs., be, and they, or the major part of them, are 
hereby, constituted a committee, to revise all the laws of this 
colony, and, digesting them into a body, procure five hundred 
copies of the same to be printed, at the charge of the colony, 
as soon as conveniently may be ; nevertheless, the said com- 
mittee, after they have prepared a draught, shall lay the same 
before the General Assembly, for their approbation ; which, 
being obtained, the printing is to commence; and not before. 

It is voted and resolved, that all able bodied, effective men, 
who will enlist into His Majesty's service, in the pay of this 
colony, for the ensuing campaign, shall be entitled to the same 
wages and billeting, as the retained troops are allowed, and re- 
ceive one month's pay advance, upon their enlisting ; and also 
have and enjoy aU and singular the privileges and immunities that 
the retained troops are entitled to ; and that every person that 
enlists, shall be accounted one of the proportion of the town to 
which he belongs. 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 173 

What followeth, is the report of the committee, that was ap- 
pointed at the last session of this Assembly, to examine all the 
laws of this colony, respecting flags of truce, &c. 

Report of the Committee appointed to examine the laws relative to 
Flags of Truce. 

We, the subscribers, being appointed by the Honorable General 
Assembly, of the colony of Rhode Island, at their session in Oc- 
tober last, a committee to examine into the affair respecting the 
granting flags of truce in this colony, since the commencement 
of the present war, and the laws concerning the same, do re- 
port as followeth : 

That by a certificate from the secretary of the colony, it ap- 
pears, that there were three flags commissionated by the late 
Governor Greene ; all which, by the said secretary's certificate, 
appear to have been commissionated agreeably to the laws of 
this colony. We also find, that His Honor Governor Hop 
kins hath granted commissions to six persons, to wit : to Eb- 
enezer Tyler, Thomas Rodman, Nehemiah Rhodes, Paul Tew, 
Samuel Angell and Samuel Thurston ; who have proceeded by 
virtue of their commissions. And for all which, as appears by 
the vouchers shown us by the Governor, and the certificates 
from the secretary, have been granted agreeably to the afore- 
said law. 

We further find, that a commission hath been granted to 
John Updike, by virtue of, and in conformity to an act of the 
General Assembly, passed in favor of Benoni Hall, Esq., and 
bonds given agreeably to law. 

We also find, that there was a commission granted to Ben- 
jamin Wanton, agreeably to the aforesaid law ; but as he hath 
made no use thereof, the same is become void. 

We further find, that Mr. Henry Collins, of Newport, hath 
made application for a flag of truce, to His Honor the Govern- 
or, and produced the proper certificates therefor ; but that the 
Governor refused granting him any ; giving for his reasons, 
that he was credibly informed, that the prisoners the said Col- 



174 RECORES OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

lins wanted to transport, were a number of French prisoners, 
carried into Boston, in the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, 
and there purchased on account of said Collins ; which the 
Governor thought did not come within the meaning of the laws 
of this colony, and so refused granting the same. 

All which, is submitted by OTHNIEL GORTON, 

JOB RANDALL. 

Providence, December 22, 1758. 

I do hereby certify, that so much of the above, as relates to 
me, the subscriber, corresponds with truth, according to the 
best of my judgment and remembrance. 

THOS. WARD, Sec'ry. 

Providence, December 22, 1758. 

And the said report being duly considered — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
accepted. 

it is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be, 
and hereby is requested to write unto the colony's agent, in 
Great Britain, and direct him to make application to the 
lords of the admiralty, in order to procure the appointment of 
a register and marshal for the court of vice admiralty, in this 
colony. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that His Honor be also 
requested to recommend unto their lordships, Thomas Vernon, 
Esq. and Capt. William Muraford ; the former, to be register, 
and the latter, marshal ; as they have been acting officers in 
this colony for many years. 

An Act in addition to an act made about comraissionating flags 
of truce, and passed at a session of the General Assembly, 
begun and holden at South Kingstown, within and for the 
colony, aforesaid, on the last Monday of February, 1747. 
Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that when and so often as 
any vessel may be commissionated to go with a flag of truce 



1758-] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 175 

from this colony, such vessel shall be obliged to carry off all 
the prisoners of war that are in- the government at the time of 
issuing the commission ; that is to say : if such vessel is capa- 
ble of carrying all ; allowing one man to every ton the vessel 
measureth. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the register of the court of vice admiralty, in this colony, be, 
and he hereby is, directed and required to keep an exact ac- 
count of all prisoners of war that shall be brought into the 
government from time to time ; and that a certificate from the 
said register, of the whole number of prisoners, shall be suffi- 
cient evidence thereof to the Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor, be, 
and he hereby is, requested to cause proper accounts to be 
made out, of such articles as this colony hath supplied the 
crown with, which he may think proper to be sent home, and 
transmitting the same to the colony's agent, in Great Britain, 
direct him to apply unto the proper board, in order to obtain 
payment ; and His Honor is also requested to make applica- 
tion unto His Excellency General Amherst, for such sums due 
unto this colony, as he shall think proper to apply to that gen- 
tleman for. 

It is voted and resolved, that Col. Thomas Greene, be, and 
he hereby is, appointed one of the committee of war, for the 
county of Bristol, as an addition to the rest. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the accounts of 
the whole committee of war, be audited ever}^ year, by one 
and the same committee, which shall from time to time be ap- 
pointed for that purpose. 

Whereas, Henry Babcock, Esq., colonel of the regiment 
raised in and by this colony for the last campaign, and Daniel 
Wall, Esq., major of the said regiment, represented unto this 
Assembly, that sundry reports have been spread abroad, to 
their prejudice, and thereupon prayed that a court may be 
appointed to inquire into their conduct; on consideration 
whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved, that Col. Josias Lyndon, Col. Joseph 



l76 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

Wanton, Col. John Andrews, Col. Elisha Reynolds and Capt. 
Robert Potter, be, and they are hereby, appointed a court of 
inquiry (wherein Col. Josias Lyndon shall preside), to inquire 
into the conduct of the aforesaid Henry Bab cock and Daniel 
Wall, during the last campaign ; and also to inquire into the 
conduct of any other of the officers of the said regiment, that 
shall apply for the same. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the said court be, 
and hereby is, invested with all and singular the power and 
authority usual and necessary for holding such a court, and 
for answering all the ends thereof 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be, 
and he hereby is, requested to defer writing home for the ap- 
pointment of a register and marshal to the court of vice ad- 
miralty, in this colony, until the gentlemen who are nominated 
to the offices, aforesaid, do each of them give sufficient security 
unto the secretary, in the penal sum of £50 sterling, with 
this condition, to wit : that they will bear and pay all and 
singular the costs and charges that may arise or accrue from 
or by the intended application. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be, 
and he hereby is, requested to impower Col. Benry Babcock to 
wait upon His Excellency General Amherst, with the colony's 
account, and receive what money the general shall pay ; and 
likewise to do any other necessary message to the said 
general. 

It is voted and resolved, that an enlisting officer be appoint- 
ed in each town in the colony, where no one of the committee 
of war dwells, to enlist soldiers for the ensuing campaign ; and 
the gentlemen, whose names immediately follow, are hereby ap- 
pointed to perform that service by themselves, or appointing 
others in their stead, to wit : 

Mr. John Sheirman, Jr., for Portsmouth ; Col. Henry Bab- 
cock, for Westerly ; Capt. Daniel Pones, for North Kingstown ; 
Capt. Nathaniel Helme, for South Kingstown ; Capt. Benjamin 
Greene, for East .Greenwich ; Mr. William Martin, for James- 
town ; Mr. Jeremiah Mowrey, for Smithfield ; Jeremiah Angell, 



1758.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 177 

Esq., for Scituate ; Capt. Joseph "Winsor, for Glocester ; Capt. 
Tibbitts Hopkins, for West Greenwich ; Lieut. Col. Stephen 
Potter, for Coventry ; Capt. John Reynolds, for Exeter ; Mr. 
James Barker, Jr., for Middletown ; Philip Tabor, Esq., for 
Tiverton ; Capt. Thomas Church, for Little Compton ; Major 
Josias Humphrey, for Warren ; John Dexter, Esq., for Cum- 
berland ; Samuel Teft, Esq., for Richmond ; Lieut. Col. John 
Potter, for Cranston ; and Capt. Edward Wells, Jr., for 
Hopkinton. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the above services 
shall be rendered, done and performed, without any other 
charge to the colony, than that of the levy money. 

That the committee of war call all the soldiers before them, 
on or before the 10th day of January next, in order to retain 
all such as are fit for duty ; and at the same time discharge 
those that are unfit ; that the said committee of war be em- 
powered to enlist soldiers in the respective towns where they 
dwell, have powers, and are hereby required to take due care 
of the government of all the soldiers^ until such time as proper 
officers shall be appointed, to guide and conduct them. 

God save the King. 

Public Acts passed during the year 1758. 

[The following public laws, in addition to those printed in these Records, were 
passed during the year 1758, and will be found (unless previously repealed) in 
the volume of Public Laws, printed in the year 1767.] 

An Act directing the town treasurers to receive and pay Spanish milled dollars at 
the rate of six shillings, lawful money\ (February, 1758.) 

An Act empowering the town treasurers to call special courts for the recovery of 
any sum or sums of money which ought to be collected and paid into the treasu- 
ry of any town. (March.) 

An Act more effectually to prevent the fish from being interrujited in their course 
up the Pawcatuck River. (March.) 

An Act for emitting in bills of credit, a sum not exeeding £10,000, lawful money. 
(May.) 

An Act for the equal distribution of insolvent estates. (June.) 

An Act for assessing a rate or tax, of £6,000, lawful money; and also a rate or 
tax, of £ 1 1 0,000, in bills of old tenor. (June.) 
VOL. VI. 23 



178 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

An Act for raising the fines upon delinquent officers and soldiers of the several 

troops of horse, In this colony. (June.) 
An Act for erecting a regiment of militia, in the county of Bristol. (June.) 
An Act augmenting the duty on shipping, for the better support of the light house. 

(August.) 
An Act for the encouragement of deserters to return to their duty, and to prevent 

desertion in the future. (December.) 

Secretary William Pitt to the Governors of Rhode Island, Massa- 
chusetts Bai/, New Hampshire, Connecticut, New York and 
Neiv Jersey. 

Whitehall, 9th December, 1758. 

Sirs : — His Majesty having nothing so much at heart as to improve the great 
and important advantages gained the last campaign, as well as to repair the disap- 
pointment at Ticonderoga ; and by the most vigorous and extensive efforts, to 
avert, by the blessing of God on his arms, all dangers which may threaten Isorth 
America from any future eruptions of the French ; and the King not doubting that 
all Ms faithful and brave subjects there, will cheerfully co-operate with, and sec- 
ond to the utmost, the large expense and extraordinary succors supplied by this 
kingdom for their jjreservation and defence ; and His Majesty considering that the 
several provinces in particular, from proximity and accessibility of situation, more 
immediately obnoxious to the main eruptions of the enemy fi-om Canada, are, of 
themselves, well able to furnish at least twenty thousand men to join a body of the 
King's forces, for invading Canada by the way of Crown Point, and carrying the 
war into the heart of the enemy's possessions; and His Majesty not judging it expe- 
dient to Umit the zeal and ardor of any of his provinces, by making a repartition of 
the force to be raised by each respectively, for this most important service : — 

I am commanded to signify to you the Eng's pleasure, that you do forthwith use 
your utmost endeavors and influence with the Council and Assembly of your pro- 
vince, to induce them to raise with all possible despatch, within your government, 
at least as large a body of men as they did for the last campaign, and even as many 
more, as the number of its inhabitants may allow ; and forming the same into regi- 
ments as far as shall be found convenient ; that you do direct them to hold them- 
selves in readiness, as early as may be, to march to the rendezvous at Albany, or 
such other place, as His Majesty's commander in chief in America shall appoint, in 
order to proceed from thence, in conjunction with a body of the King's British 
forces, and under the supreme command of His Majesty's said commander in chief 
in America, so as to be in a situation to begin the operations of the campaign, by 
the 1st of May, if possible, or as soon after as shall be any way practicable, 
by attempting to make an irruption into Canada as above, by the way of Crown 
Point, and if found practicable, to attack either Montreal or Quebec, or both of said 
places successively, with the whole force in one body, or at one and the same time, 
by a division of the troops into separate and distinct operations, according as His 
Majesty's commander in chief, shall, from his knowledge of the countries through 
which the war is to be carried, and from emergent circumstances not to be known 
here, judge any of the said attempts to be practicable. 



1758.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 179 



And the better to facilitate this important service, the King is pleased to leave it 
to you to issue commissions to such gentlemen of your province, as you shall judge, 
from their weight and credit with the people, and their zeal for the public service, 
may be best disposed and able to quicken and eifectuate the speedy levying of the 
greatest number of men ; in the disposition of which commissions, I am persuaded you 
will have nothing in view but the good of the King's service, and a due subordina- 
tion of the whole, when joined to His Majesty's commander in chief; and all offi- 
cers of the provincial forces, as high as colonels, inclusive, are to have rank accord- 
ing to their several respective commissions, agreeably to the regulations contained 
in Plis Majesty's warrant of the 30th of December last year. 

The King is further jjleased to furnish all the men so raised, as above, with arms, 
ammunition and tents, as well as to order provisions to be issued to the same, by 
His Majesty's commissaries, in the same proportion and manner as is done to the 
rest of the King's forces. A sufficient train of artillery will also be provided at His 
Majesty's expense, for the operations of the campaign; and the ship that conveys 
this, carries orders for timely providing, and at the King's charge, with the utmost 
diligence, and in an ample manner, boats and vessels necessary for the transporta- 
tion of the army on this expedition. 

The Avhole, therefore, that His Majesty expects and requires from the several 
provinces, is, the levying, clothing and pay of the men ; and on this head, also, 
that no encouragement may be wanting to this great and salutary attempt, the 
King is further most graciously pleased to permit me to acquaint you, that strong 
recommendations will be made to Parliament, in their session next year, to grant a 
proper compensation for such expenses as above, according as the active vigor and 
strenuous eiforts of the respective provinces shall justly apjsear to merit. 

It is His Majesty's pleasure, that you do, with particular diligence, immediately 
collect, and put into the best condition, all the arms issued last campaign, which 
can be any ways rendered serviceable, or that can be found within your govern- 
ment, in order that the same may be employed, as far as they will go, in this exi- 
gency. I am, at the same, to acquaint you, that a reasonable supply of arms will 
be sent from England, to re-place such as may have been lost, or that become unfit 
for future service. 

I am further to inform you, that similar orders are sent by this conveyance 
to Njw Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay, and New Jersey; the 
southern governments are also directed to raise men in the same manner, to be 
employed in such oiTensive operations as the circumstances and situation of the 
enemy's posts in those parts may point out, which, it is hoped, will oblige us so to di- 
vide their attention and forces, as will render the several attempts more easy and 
successful. 

It is unnecessary to add any thing, to animate your zeal, in the execiition of His 
Majesty's orders on this great occasion, where the future safety and welfare of 
America are at stake ; and the King doubts not, fi'om your known fidelity and at- 
tachment, that you will employ yourself with the utmost application and despatch, 
in this lU'gent and decisive crisis. 

Although the knowledge of an intention to invade Canada is apprehended, not 
only to be unattended with any inconvenience, but necessary to be propagated in 
the provinces, in order to give success to the levies ; yet, as secresy in all enter- 
prises nil particular places, is of the greatest importance, the King is persuaded that 
you will use all proper discretion in communicating, by name, any of the immedi- 



180 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1758. 

ate objects before pointed out, further than to such persons, to whom it may be ne- 
cessary, for the good of the service, confidentially to entrust the same. 

I am, etc., W. PITT. 

Major General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, December 13th, 1758. 
Sir: — The King having been pleased to appoint me commander in chief of all 
His Majesty's forces in North America, and having at the same time signified to me 
his royal pleasure, that I should correspond with, and apply to all his governors, on 
the continent, for their aid and assistance, in carrying on the services pointed out 
to me, I am, in obedience to those commands, to acquaint you, that although I have 
not as yet any particular orders relative to the operations of the ensuing campaign, 
I imagine they will require the same number of provincial troops that were voted 
by the respective provinces and colonies this year ; and it will likewise be necessa- 
ry, in order to carry those operations the more effectually into execution, that 
those troops should be at the place of rendezvous, as early in the spring as 



I would therefore, recommend to you, if the troops raised by your colony for the 
services of the last campaign, are not already disbanded, that you would move 
your Assembly to continue them in their pay during the winter ; which will not 
only be a great saving in point of time, but, by what I can understand, a great 
saving of expense to the colony ; wherefore, I should hojxj, you will the more easily 
succeed in your application. 

But if it should so happen, that, before the receipt of this letter, those troops had 
already l?een disbanded, in that case, I must desire that you will lose no time in 
using your influence with your Assembly to move them to order new levies, and to 
cause these to be provided with the usual necessaries ; and to be ready by the time 
the season will admit their taking the field. 

Having also received His Majesty's orders, to recruit and complete the regi- 
ments now serving on the continent, I am likewise to beg your countenance and 
protection to the officers, I shall have occasion to send, as well as those that have 
already been sent by my predecessor on that service ; and that you will be aiding 
and assisting unto them, in the execution thereof 
I am, with great regard, sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

JEFF. AMHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Hopkins, Rhode Island. 

Secretary Pitt to the Governor of Rhode hland. 

Whitehall, 20th December, 1758. 
Sir : — In transmitting to you the enclosed duplicate of my letter of the 9th inst., 
I have the King's particular commands to renew and enforce, in the strongest man- 
ner, the necessity of a punctual compliance with the orders therein contained ; and 
you will accordingly urge, in the most expressive terms, to the Council and Assem- 
bly of your province, the importance of their exerting themselves in the present 
critical and decisive moment, in which their own interests and security are so 



1759.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 181 

nearly concerned, that it would seem superfluous to add the further motives of their 
duty to the King, and of the gratitude they owe to this country, for the very great 
expense and succors supplied for their immediate defence, and for the future safety 
of all their rights and possessions in America. 

And the levying the men to be furnished by the several provinces, without any 
delay, and in such time, that they may not fail to be at the rendezvous that shall be 
appointed for them, so as to be ready to commence the operations by the 1st of 
May, is so essential, as well for preventing the extraordinary efforts, which, it la 
supposed, the enemy is preparing to make, to stop the further progress of Hi» 
Majesty's arms in America, as for pushing, with success, the ensuing campaign ;. 
that it is the King's pleasure, that you do employ the vitmost diligence, and every 
means in your power, to forward and expedite this service in the most effectual 
manner, and to avoid any disappointment happening from the slowness of the 
levies, or from the men, who shall be raised, not proceeding in due time to the 
rendezvous. 

With regard to the expenses incurred by your province, for the last campaign, I 
am furtlier to acquaint you, that as soon as the agents of the respective provinces, 
duly authorized, shall produce the necessary documents, the same will, without de- 
lay, be recommended to Parliament, for a reasonable compensation, agreeably to 
the gracious assurances which the King was pleased to allow me to give, in my 
letter of the 30th December, last year. I am, etc., W. PITT. 



Proceedings of the General AssemUy , held for the Colony of lihode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the 2Gtk 
day Felriiary^ 1759. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that the colony furnish one thou- 
sand able bodied, effective men, for His Majesty's service, in 
the ensuing campaign ; and that Jonathan Randall, Jeoffrey 
Watson, Thomas Cranston, Othniel Gorton and Samuel Ward, 
Esqs., be, and they hereby are, constituted a committee, to pre- 
pare a bill for that purpose, and present the same unto this As- 
sembly, as soon as conveniently may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that the general treasurer pay off 
all the Crown Point notes, out of the money received of His 
Excellency General Amherst, and now lodged in the treasury ; 
that whoever shall omit to brino; in his, her or their note or 



182 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHOI>E ISLAND [1759. 

notes within twenty days after the rising of this Assembly^ 
shall bo allowed no interest for the same after that time ; that 
SO much of the remainder of said money as shall be necessary^ 
be appropriated towards redeeming the outstanding Crown 
Point bills ; that what shall not be made use of in the man- 
ner, aforesaid, remain in the treasury, for the use of the colony ^ 
and that the substance of this act be published three times suc- 
cessively in the Newport Mercury. 

It IS voted and resolved, that Joseph Brownell and Obadiah 
Brown, Esqs., Mr. William Read, Thomas Arnold, Joshua Bab- 
cock and Joseph Russell, Esqs. be, and they hereby are, ap- 
pointed a committee, to consider in what part of the town of 
Providence it be most advantageous to erect a new court 
house ; likewise, of its dimensions, the manner of building the 
same, and with what materials ; and make report to this As- 
sembly, as soon as may be. 

Whereas, Samuel, Angell, Esq., preferred a petition, and 
represented unto this Assembly, that in the year 1757, when 
he had the honor to command the troops of this colony, he 
supplied them, while in camp, with necessary clothing (such as 
the government had not provided), to the amount of several 
hundreds of pounds, New York currency, for which he charged 
but a small matter more than the prime cost, expecting to be 
paid for the same, at the close of the campaign ; that he, the said 
petitioner, did also contract with a sutler, to supply the troops 
with necessary refreshments, for which he became accountable, 
with interest, after their discharge ; that in December, 1757, 
he delivered the committee of war the muster rolls, with proper 
accounts, endorsed, how much ought to be stopped ; that he hath 
received but a small part of the said money, notwithstanding 
he had orders on the general treasurer, from the committee of 
war ; ^vllerefore, the said Samuel Angell, prayed to be allowed 
interest for the money due unto him from the time that the 
soldiers were discharged, until the same be paid. On consid- 
eration whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved, that lawful interest be allowed and 
paid the aforesaid Samuel Angell, out of the general treasury. 



1759.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 183 

for the money he advanced upon the colony's account, from 
the time the same was stopped out of the wages of the soldiers, 
until the day it was paid the colonel. 

An Act providing in case of fire breaking out in the town of 
Providence, for the more speedy extinguishing the same, 
and preserving goods endangered thereby. 

What follows, is the report of the committee, that was by 
the General Assembly appointed to the service therein men- 
tioned ; — 

Repoii of the CommitUee appointed to audit the accounts of the 
General Treasurer. 

We do report, that we have received from Benjamin Nichols, 
Esq., keeper of the grand committee's office, £86,709 2s. 5t/., 
old tenor, which we have burnt. 

We further report, that, agreeably to an act of the Genera] 
Assembly, made and passed at Providence, in November, 175G, 
said Nichols paid to Thomas Richardson, Esq., general treasu- 
rer, £'33,841 lis. 6t/., old tenor, as appears by the treasurer's 
receipt, now in the hands of said Nichols. 

This money, paid to the treasurer, was to re-place the same 
sum which was burnt in the general treasury, November 12, 
1756, as per report. The two sums put together, amount to 
£120,550 165. 11^., old tenor. 

Witness our hands, in Newport, March 6, 1758. 
£86,709 02s. M., burnt. JOHN TILLINGHAST, 

33,841 Us. 6d, treasurer. PETER BOURS, 

THOMAS CRANSTON, 

£120,550 165. lid. JAMES SHEFFIELD, 

Committee. 

And the said report, being taken into consideration, — 
It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
accepted. 

Whereas, Silas Cooke, of Newport, in the county of New- 



184 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1759. 

port, merchant, agent for Don Antonio Gomez Franco, a sub- 
ject of His Most Catholic Majesty the King of Spain, preferred 
a petition, and represented unto this Assembly, that on the 

29th day of January last, a certain sloop, named the , 

of which Don Joseph Rodriguez, a subject of His said Catholic 
Majesty, was master, being laden with sugar ; whereof the 
said Antonio Gomez Franco, together with the said Rodriguez, 
were sole owners, had arrived from a coasting voyage, at the 
mouth of the harbor of Monti Christo, a port of His Most 
Catholic Majesty, on the island of St. Domingo, where the said 
sloop belonged, and which was also the dwelling place of the 
said owners ; that just as the said sloop had taken in her sails, 
she was boarded and seized by Simon Smith, commander of a 
private man of war, named the Roby, equipped at Warren, in 
this colony, and commissionated by His Honor the Governor ; 
and being so seized, was sent into Warren, aforesaid, where be- 
ing arrived, she is detained and claimed by the owners and 
company, of the said sloop Roby, as a prize ; although the 
said Don Antonio Gomez Franco and the said Joseph Rodri- 
guez, are bona fide, the sole owners of the said sloop and her 
cargo, and are true and lawful subjects of His said Most 
Catholic Majesty, as is aforesaid. 

And the said Silas Cooke further observed, that there are 
many vessels with cargoes, owned by the inhabitants of this 
colony, now at the said Monti Christo, and in the power of the 
said Antonio Gomez Franco, who is the king of Spain's secre- 
tary there, and will undoubtedly detain some or all of them, 
by way of reprisals for this act of violence done against the 
laws of nations. 

That forasmuch as His Most Sacred Majesty, our lawful 
sovereign, did, by proclamation, about two years since, strictly 
prohibit all his subjects from taking, seizing or molesting any 
of the subjects or ships of His Most Catholic Majesty, on 
any pretence, whatsoever ; and as any thing done by the in- 
habitants of this colony, contrary to the said proclamation, 
and against the laws of nations, may draw upon us the high 
displeasure of our most gracious sovereign, and involve the 



1759.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 186 

nation in a controversy with the king of Spain, which the 
ministry at home have hitherto industriously avoided ; the 
petitioner prayed, for the most speedy delivering the govern- 
ment from the dangers, aforesaid, this Assembly to inquire into 
the matters and things, aforesaid ; and if it shall appear equita- 
ble, that they would order the vessel and cargo, aforesaid, to be 
taken into the custodv of some officer of this colony, and forth- 
with restored to the said Joseph Rodriguez, in order to his 
returning home with her unto Monti Christo, &c. On consid- 
eration whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the owners of the aforesaid 
private man of war, named the Roby, be cited to appear forth- 
with before this Assembly, in order to make answer with re- 
gard to the matters and things alleged in the aforesaid pe- 
tition. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, chose 
the gentlemen whose names are set dow!:i in the following list, 
to command the troops of this colony, in the next campaign: 

Field officers — Henry Babcock, Esq., colonel ; Daniel Wall, 
Esq., lieutenant colonel ; and .Tohn Whiting, Esq., major. 

Captains — Thomas Burket, James Tew, Jr., Samuel Rose, 
Nathaniel Peck, Thomas Frye, Jr., Benjamin Eddy, Christopher 
Hargil, Joshua Brown, William Tripp and Moses Palmer. 

First lieutenants — Edward Talbee, Tibbitts Hopkins, William 
Sheehan, Jonathan Spears, Thomas Tew, Caleb Tripp, Thomas 
Rose, Thomas Jenckins, Samuel Saunders, Samuel Stoneman, 
Giles Russell, Mitchel Case and Israel Peck. 

Second lieutenants — Joseph Stanton, Jr., Benjamin Carr, Dan. 
Byrn, Moses Bowdish, Abner West, Moses Warren, Solomon 
RofTey, Samuel Watson, Jr., Thomas Collins, Tamberlin 
Campbell, Daniel Champlin, Samuel Weatherby and William 
Pulling. 

Ensigns — William Bennett, Stukely Stafford, Thomas Swin- 
burne, Jr., Arthur Fenner, Jr., George Cornell, son of Clarke ; 
Recorde Tabor, Nathan Rice, Asa Bowdish, Asa Kimball, John 
Manchester, of Portsmouth ; John BeverlJ', Nathan Bliven and 
Peleg Slocum. 

VOL. VL 24 



186 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHOPE ISLAND [1759. 

Lieutenant Giles Russell, adjutant of the regiment. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that a rate or tax, of 
£'11,000, in the bills of credit emitted by this government, 
called lawful money, be assessed upon the inhabitants of this 
colony ; and levied, collected and brought into the general 
treasury, by the last day of October next, for paying off the 
government's troops upon their return from the campaign. 

An Act in addition to two acts, made and passed by the Gen- 
eral Assembly of this colony ; one, at the session begun and 
holden at Newport, on the first Wednesday of May, 1755, 
entitled, "An act to prevent any person purchasing and de- 
taining any of the apparel and arms, belonging to any sol- 
dier enlisted in this colony ;" and the other, at the session 
begun and holden at Newport, on Monday, the 12th of June 
last, entitled, " An act to prevent the detaining or secret- 
ing soldiers already enlisted, or that may be hereafter en- 
listed into His Majesty's service, in this, or either of the 
neighboring governments, in New England," 
Whereas, this Assembly hath received information, that not- 
withstanding the aforesaid acts, several tavern keepers, inn- 
holders, and sellers of strong drink, in this colony, have been 
guilty of aiding, assisting and attempting to carry out of the 
government's service, many of the soldiers enlisted into the 
colony's pay ; which, if not timely prevented, will prove preju- 
dicial to His Majesty's service ; to preventing whereof, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that if any tavern keeper, 
inn-holder or other vender of strong drink, in this colony, shall, 
at any time after the publication of this act, be found aiding, 
assisting, secreting, or attempting to secrete, or by any other 
ways or means endeavoring to carry out of the colon) , or de- 
prive the same of any soldier lawfully enlisted into His Majes- 
ty's service, in the colony's pay, he, she, or they, so oflending, 
shall, upon legal convjction thereof, forfeit and pay as a fine, 
into the general treasury, the sum of £'500, for every offence ; 



1759.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 187 

to be recovered in manner and form, as by either of the said 
acts, aforesaid, is directed ; and such tavern keeper, inn-holder, 
or vender of strong drink, shall have his or her license taken 
away by the town council of the town in which the offence 
may be committed ; and rendered incapable for ever after- 
wards, of keeping a tavern, inn, or selling strong drink, in 
this colony. 

An Act for better regulating officers, and the colony's agent 

at Albany, the ensuing campaign. 

Whereas, it is found prejudicial to the interest of this gov- 
ernment, for officers, as in the last campaign, to draw large 
sums of money out of the hands of the colony's agent at 
Albany, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority of the same it is enacted, that for the future, no 
order drawn on the colony's agent, at Albany, shall be allowed 
or paid by the government, unless it be signed by the colonel ; 
or, in his absence, the next commanding officer of the regi- 
ment ; who are hereby restricted, and positively forbidden to 
draw any order upon the said agent, — be the same either for 
officers' or soldiers' wages, or any other matter or thing, what- 
sover, — necessary expenses, which cannot be paid in the cur- 
rency of this colony, only excepted. 

And that a (-opy of this act be transmitted unto the colony's 
agent, at Albany. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee of war be, and 
they, or the major part of them, hereby are, appointed to 
audit the accounts of Mr. Volkert Doun, Jr., with this colony, 
and make report unto the General Assembly, at their next ses- 
sion ; that they, the said committee, in the mean time, cause a 
sum, not exceeding £2,000, New York currency, to be lodged 
by the best ways and means they can, in the said Mr. Doun's 
hands, in order to pay the balance that shall be found due to 
him from the colony ; and further to supply the colonel, or, in 
his absence, the next commanding officer of our regiment, with 
money, as he shall have occasion to draw for it, from time to 



188 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1759. 

time, agreeably to an act made and passed by this Assembly, 
for that purpose. 

And that a copy thereof, be sent to the above named Vol- 
kert Doun, at Albany. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee of war be, 
and they, or the major part of them, hereby are, appointed 
to fill up, before the march of the troops, all vacancies that 
may happen, either by death, refusal or any other ways or 
means, whatsoever, among the commissioned officers in the 
regiment ordered by this colony, for the ensuing campaign ; 
which power shall aways be good and valid in the recess of 
the General Assembly, and then only. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee of war te, and 
they hereby are, directed to settle with all the officers of the 
regiment raised by this colony for the last campaign, before 
they march for the next, and pay or receive the balance, as 
the same may happen. 

An Act in addition to an act, made and passed by the General 
Assembly of this colony, at their session begun and holden 
at South Kingstown, on Tuesday, the 14th of February, 
1758, entitled " An act to oblige the inhabitants and inn- 
holders of this colony to receive and entertain the recruits 
that may be raised therein, for His Majesty's service." 
Whereas, the provision made in and by the act, aforesaid, for 
the billeting regular soldiers, proves insufficient to answer the 
purpose ; therefore as a further encouragemeid to inn-holders, 
tavern keepers, and others, within this government, tor eceive 
and billet regular soldiers, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that for the future, every inn- 
holder, tavern keeper, and other person, whatsoever, in this 
colony, who shall take in a regular soldier to billet, shall be al- 
lowed and paid not exceeding twenty-five shillings per day, for 
every soldier that he or she may billet ; always deducting the 
King's pay out of the same ; which is to be certified by the 
officer who gave orders for the said soldiers' billeting. 



1759.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 189 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that if 
any inn-holder or tavern keeper within this colony, shall refuse 
to receive a regular soldier or soldiers, in his or her house, when 
an order for billeting is made out, and sent by a proper officer of 
the town where such soldier or soldiers shall demand billeting, 
he or she so refusing, shall suffer and pay, as a fine, the sum 
of £3, lawful money, to be recovered for the colony's use, by 
warrants before two justices of the peace, in the town where 
the offence shall be committed. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
every officer giving orders for billeting, as is aforesaid, shall al- 
ways be careful to avoid sending more soldiers unto the house 
of any person, than the circumstances of such person will al- 
low ; and if any difference shall arise between the officers that 
gave orders for billeting and the house keeper who shall re- 
ceive a soldier or soldiers to billet, about the number of sol- 
diers, such dispute shall be decided and settled by one or more 
justices of the peace, living near the said house keeper ; which 
judgment or decision shall be final and conclusive. 

[Here follows the account of the committee of war, John 
Gardner and Peter Bours, living in Newport, of the disburse- 
ments made by them, on account of the campaigns of 1757-58, 
against the French. The account, which is very long, and 
minute in its details, shows expenditures amounting to £'308,- 
080 i 5s. oc?., which is duly audited by John Tillinghast and 
James Sheffield, the committee appointed for the purpose. 

Next, is the account of Daniel Jenckes, of the committee 
of war, of disbursements by him, for the same campaigns, 
amounting to £48,988 165'. lOd., which is duly audited by 
Obadiah Brown, Jos. Lippitt and Samuel Chace. 

This is followed by the account of Robert Potter, another 
member of the committee of war, for disbursements by him, 
amounting to £69,314 4^. 5c/., which is audited by Samuel 
Ward and Joseph Stanton ; making the total disbursements, 
by the committee of war, £426,383 I65. 6^.] 



190 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAJ^D [1759. 

It is voted and resolved, that the general treasurer sell, for the 
most that they will fetch, four bills of exchange, amounting to the 
sum of £600, sterling; which His Majesty paid the government^ 
by the hands of His Excellency Gen. Amherst, for the billeting 
of soldiers, &c., and was lodged in the general treasury, by Col. 
Henry Babcock. 

It is voted and resolved, that every able bodied, effective 
man, who will enlist into His Majesty's service, in the pay of 
this colony, for the ensuing campaign, shall be allowed one 
month's pay, and billeting back, from the time of his enlist- 
ment ; and that every one who hath already enlisted, and it is 
not yet a month since, shall be allowed so much, as will, with 
what is now due, make up a month's pay and billeting. 

It is voted and resolved, that the wages of the person who 
shall go surgeon of the regiment, by this colony ordered for 
the ensuing campaign, be £12, lawful money, per month ; and 
that each of his mates shall be allowed and paid £d, of the 
like money, per month. 

And it is also voted and resolved, that the committee of war, 
be, and they hereby are, directed to procure, under the inspec- 
tion of the surgeon, a doctor's chest, for the use of the regi- 
ment ; and that the said chest be as good a one as can 
be got for £2,000, old tenor. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, there shall be made an addi- 
tion of one person more unto the committee of war, in the 
county of Kings county. 

It is voted and resolved, that Nicholas Gardner, of Exeter, 
in the county of Kings county. Esq., be, and he is hereby, 
added unto the committee of war, in the said county. 

An Act for augmenting the troops, now in the pay of this 
government, to the number of one thousand men, including 
ofi&cers, and forming the whole into one regiment, for His 
Majesty's service. 
Whereas, the General Assembly, at the session begun and 



1759.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 191 

holden at Providence^ within and for the colony aforesaid, on 
Monday, the 18th of December last, made and passed an act, 
for retaining in the government's service, all able bodied, ef- 
fective men, then in the pay of the colony, during the pleasure 
of the General Assembly, excepting the field and commissioned 
officers, who were discharged ; and also ordered new levies to 
be immediately made for His Majesty's service, agreeably to 
the request of His Excellency General Amherst. 

And whereas, the King hath been pleased, by a letter from 
the Hight Honorable William Pitt, Esq., one of his principal 
secretaries of state, bearing date the 9th day of the month 
above mentioned, to acquaint this colony that he expects the 
several governments will raise at least as many men as they 
respectively raised the last year, and as many more as their 
circumstances will admit ; — 

In obedience, therefore, unto the instructions, aforesaid, and 
to the end that every thing in the power of this colony may be 
done for His Majesty's service, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that the troops now in the 
government's pay, be augmented to the number of one thou- 
sand able bodied, effective men, including ofiicers, and formed 
into a regiment of thirteen companies, to be commanded by a 
colonel, a lieutenant colonel and a major ; each of which thir- 
teen companies, shall be under the command of one captain, 
two lieutenants and an ensign ; — three excepted, which are 
to be commanded by one of the field officers, two lieutenants 
and an ensign. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the officers shall have and receive the same pay as they had 
the last year, and be allowed £6 per week, for billeting. 

And for an encouragement to the soldiers now belonging to 
the regiment, to behave well, and to induce others to enlist in- 
to the same, — 

Be it further enacted, that each soldier shall have a knap- 
sack and blanket from the government, gratis; receive the 
same pay and billeting, and be entitled to all and every the 



192 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1759. 

privileges and immunities that the soldiers had and enjoyed 
the last year ; bounty only excepted. 

And the officers and soldiers shall be paid up to the 29th 
day of next month ; and have one month's pay advanced after 
that time. 

And the committee of war is hereby directed to send so 
many of the soldiers to Albany, by water, as the vessels to 
be employed in transporting provisions thither, will carry ; and 
the remainder shall march by land, or be sent by water, as His 
Excellency General Amherst may direct ; so as to be there by 
the 10th day of April, at furthest. 

And for the better supplying the regiment in the cheapest 
manner, with clothing and other necessaries, not furnished by 
the crown, — 

Be it further enacted, that a commissary be appointed, who 
shall also be sutler to the regiment, and have the same pay as 
was allowed to the commissary and sutler both, the last year. 

And he is hereby directed and required to deliver unto the 
soldiers, such things as the government shall send for the use 
of the regiment, at the prime cost, including all charges that 
may accrue thereon ; provided, that the said officer deliver 
nothing to any soldier, without an order from the captain, or 
other commanding officer of the company (for the time being), 
to which such soldier belongs ; and the officers are hereby^ re- 
stricted and forbidden to draw any order or orders on the 
commissary for clothing, or other necessaries, excepting the 
monthly and camp wages due to the soldier that applies for 
the same. 

And it is further enacted, that the gentleman who shall be 
elected unto the conjoined offices of commissary and sutler, 
shall give bond unto the general treasurer, in the penal sum of 
£50,000, old tenor, for the faithful performance and discharge 
of his duty in every respect. 

And he shall not carry with him, on his own account, any 
necessaries of the same kind with those that shall be sent by 
the government; and as the officer, above mentioned, may 
want assistance, he is hereby authorized and fully empowered 



i759.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 193 

to appoint a deputy or deputies, under him, to be chosen out 
of the regiment, by and with the consent of the colonel ; nev- 
ertheless, he, the said officer, shall be accountable for the con- 
duct of any person or persons whom he shall so appoint. 

And to prevent soldiers from leaving the regiment, without 
an absolute necessity, — 

Be it further enacted, that no officer shall grant a furlough 
to any soldier, excepting the colonel, or other commanding of- 
ficer of the regiment, for the time being ; and all soldiers that 
shall leave the regiment without such furlough, shall be deemed 
deserters, and treated accordingly. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the committee of war give directions unto the several officers, 
which, and how many of the men already enlisted, they shall 
respectively command ; and the officers are hereby required to 
call their men together, within ten days after the rising of 
this Assembly ; and to take care that they are in readiness to 
embark or march for Albany, by the 25th day of the next 
month. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the committee of war send to Albany, for the use of the troops, 
in addition to what are there already, two hundred and eighty- 
three shirts, forty-one caps, four hundred and one pair of 
stockings, two hundred and ninety-eight flannel jackets and 
seventy-two pair of breeches ; and no other clothing, except 
such as the commissary shall expressly send for, by and with 
the allowance and direction of the colonel. 

And for the more effectual carrying this act into execu- 
tion, — 

Be it further enacted, that the general treasury shall be sup- 
plied with the sum of £16,000, of the bills of credit, called 
lawful money ;, that £12,000, thereof, be immediately printed, 
and signed by the committee who signed the last bills, of the 
same tenor and form with those that were emitted in October 
last ; and that the same be paid and redeemed within five 
years, together with the interest thereof, at the rate of five per 
cent, per annum, by a rate or tax to be assessed and levied on 

VOL. VL 25 



194 KECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1759. 

the inhabitants of this colony ; and that in the mean time, the 
general treasurer hire what money he can, not exceeding the 
sum of £4,000, lawful money, upon the same terms he was di- 
rected by an act of the General Assembly, made and passed 
the last October; and what shall be wanting of the said 
£4,000, at the time of the £12,000 being printed and finished, 
be immediately printed and signed in manner as is above- 
said. 

And it is further enacted, that the committee of war collect 
all the King's arms that were issued to the colony's troops 
last year, which can be found in the government ; and having 
got them put into proper repair, send them to Albany, accord- 
ing to General Amherst's request. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the surgeon of the colony's regiment, shall be furnished and 
provided with a proper chest of medicines, and be assisted 
with two good mates, during the campaign. 

And that if Canada be reduced to the obedience of His Maj- 
esty during the present campaign, each of the soldiers in the 
service of this colony, shall be entitled to the sum of £10, law- 
ful money, on his return, agreeably to the promise made the 
soldiers last year. 

An Act for dividing the town of Providence. 

Whereas, a large number of the inhabitants of the western 
part of the town of Providence, preferred a petition, and repre- 
sented unto this Assembly, that there are within the limits of 
the said town, upwards of four hundred freemen, great part of 
whom live near ten miles from the place where the town meet- 
ings are usually holden, and the prudential afiliirs of said town 
transacted ; and that, when met, they are very much crowded, 
to the great hindrance of business, which being very inconven- 
ient, they prayed to be set off, made and erected into a distinct 
township. On consideration whereof, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that the said town of Provi- 
dence be, and the same is hereby, divided into two distinct and 



1 i 09.J AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 195 

separate towns ; and that the bounds between them begin on 
the southern bank of Woonasquatucket River, due north from 
the easternmost part of a certain hill, called Solitary Hill ; and 
extend due south, from the said easternmost part of this said 
hill, unto the northern line of the town of Cranston ; thence 
westerly, with the said line, until it meets with the eastern line 
of the town of Scituate ; thence, northwardly with said line, 
until it meets with the southern line of the town of Smithfield ; 
thence eastwardly with the said line, until it comes to a cer- 
tain place where the said Woonasquatucket River crosseth the 
said southern line of the said town of Smithfield ; and thence 
eastwardly, with the said river, until it comes to the first men- 
tioned boundary. And that all the lands included within the 
limits aforesaid, shall be, and hereby are, erected into and made 
a town, to be distinguished, called, and known by the name of 
Johnston ; and the inhabitants thereof, shall have, hold, and 
enjoy, all and singular, the liberties, privileges and immunities, 
that the other towns in this colony are entitled to. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
all debts due or owing, and money belonging to the town of 
Providence, before the division thereof, by this act made, shall 
be divided in proportion to the last tax ; and all debts due 
from the said town before the said division, shall be settled and 
paid in the like manner. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
all and every of the justices of the peace, and military officers 
that were chosen and appointed for the town of Providence, 
who live in that part thereof which is now made Johnston, be, 
and they hereby are, continued in their respective offices, with 
as full power and ample authority, in every respect, as they 
had in consequence of their being chosen into and commission- 
ated for the offices by them respectively sustained. 

And Col. Christopher Harris is hereby authorized and fully 
empowered to issue a warrant, and call the freemen of the said 
town of Johnston, to meet together at some convenient place 
within the same, on or before the 20th day of the next month, 



196 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1759. 

in order to choose and appoint officers necessary for the man- 
aging and conducting the prudential affairs of the said town. 

And it is further enacted, that the aforesaid town of Johnston 
shall send two jurors, to wit: one grand and one petit, unto all and 
every of the superior courts of judicature, courts of assize, and 
general jail delivery; and also unto all and every of the inferior 
courts of common pleas and general sessions of the peace, that 
shall be hereafter holden within and for the county of Providence. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee of war be, and 
they are hereby, empowered and directed to get thirty-six 
great coats made for the use of the regiment, by this colony 
ordered for the ensuing campaign ; which coats shall be worn 
only by the guards of the regiment. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be, 
and he hereby is, requested to write unto the Honorable James 
De Lancey, Esq., lieutenant governor of the province of New 
York, and desire him to deliver the plate which was taken out 
of a church in Porto Plato, on the island of Hispaniola, and is 
now in his hands, to the Spanish gentleman that was sent by 
the president of St. Domingo^ to New York, on purpose to re- 
ceive the same. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Joseph Hollway be, and 
he hereby is, chosen commissary and sutler to the regiment or- 
dered by this government for the ensuing campaign ; Mr. 
Thomas Rodman (son of Clarke Rodman, late of Newport, phy- 
sician, deceased,) surgeon ; and Messrs. Benjamin Brown and 
Thomas Munro, mates to the said surgeon. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be, and 
he hereby is, requested to cause the accounts of billeting trans- 
port hire and so forth, for part of the year 1756 and the whole of 
1757, to be made out agreeably to the form laid before this As- 
sembly by Col. Henry Babcock,and send them to His Excellency 
Gen. Amherst, by the said colonel, in order for payment; and that 
the said money, when received by him, be lodged in the hands of 
Mr. Volkert Doun, Jr., the colony's agent. 

It is voted and resolved, that Allen Brown, Esq., and Mr. 



1759.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 197 

William Smith, be, and they hereby are, appointed a committee 
to procure materials for building a brick court house in Provi- 
dence, of such dimensions as shall hereafter be agreed on by 
the General Assembly ; Obadiah Brown, Esq., having engaged 
to take the timber at the price it cost, in case the same shall 
not prove suitable for such a house as may be agreed upon, as 
is aforesaid. 

God save the King. 

Admiral Diirell to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Princess Amelia, Halifax Harbor, 
14th February, 1759. 
Sir : — Herewith enclosed, is a letter I have written to Your Honor and the 
Council of Khode Island, in hopes thereby to procure some men for His Majesty's 
service. 

If you should prevail in this matter, you will be pleased to appoint some person 
to pay the promised bounty, and I will send bills on the navy board for the amount. 
And also, if no other way be found to transport them to this place, desire that pas- 
sages, &c., may be provided for them, which expense shall be defrayed by JVIi-. Jos. 
Gerish, the naval officer at this port. 

I am, with great respect sir. 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

PHI: DURELL. 
To the Honorable William Greene, Esq. 

Admiral Dwell to the Governor and Comimny of Rhode Island. 

Princess Amelia, Halifax Harbor, 
14th February, 1759. 

Honorable Sirs : — As the equipping and completely manning the squadi-on un- 
der my command, so as to be ready for service early in the spring, may be of the 
utmost consequence to His Majesty's interest in general, and particularly to these 
his colonies ; and as by death, and some desertion, we have lost a considerable num- 
ber of men since our being here, which requires to be recruited by a supply of sea- 
men, if possible to be got ; if not, shall be obliged to apply for soldiers from some of 
the regiments serving here, which I am apprehensive might prove detrimental to 
the operations by land, the ensuing campaign. 

I therefore think it most conducive to the good of the service, to make applica, 
tion to His Majesty's governors and councils of the different provinces, for their as- 
sistance in raising such a number of seamen, as they conveniently can, in such 
manner as will be most agreeable to their several governments. 

And as I am sure the Governor and Council of the colony of Rhode Island have 
His Majesty's interest much at heart, am satisfied every thing in their power will 
be done to forwai'd this service. 



198 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1759. 

On my part, as an encouragement, I promise that every able bodied seaman, 
who shall enlist to serve in His Majesty's squadron, for the term of twelve months 
or more, shall immediately receive forty shillings, sterling, bounty, and be punctu- 
ally discharged at the expiration of the term enlisted for. And further, that they 
shall not be carried either to Europe, or the West Indies ; but shall be discharged 
in some one of the northern colonies. 

I am, with great regard, honorable sirs, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

PHI: DURELL. 
To the Honorable Governor and Council of the colony of Rhode Island. 



General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, 16th February, 1759. 

Sir : — I yesterday had the honor of receiving a letter from Mr. Secretary Pitt, 
bearing date the 9th of December last, signifying to me, that His Majesty had 
judged it expedient to despatch his orders to the several governors in North Ameri- 
ca, for levying the same, or a greater number, if possible, of men, than they did for 
the last campaign ; and at the same time enclosed to me the copies of his circular 
letters to the northern and southern governors, on that subject, wherein the King's 
directions are so fully stated, that I can have little else to add, than my most ear- 
nest recommendations to you forthwith to use your utmost endeavors and influence 
with the Council and Assembly of your colony, to induce them to raise, with all 
possible desj)atch, within your government, at least as large a body of men as they 
did for the last campaign ; and even as many more as the number of its inhabitants 
may allow ; in which, I should hope you will prove the more successful, as I have 
already prepared you for it, so long ago as by my letter of the 13th December last; 
and that, agreeably to your desire, the services for which these troops are required, 
are pointed out in Mr. Pitt's letter, the knowledge of which, you mentioned, would 
give great success to the levies. 

At the same time, I must not omit cautioning you, that as secresy in all enter- 
prises on particular places, is of the greatest importance, you will use all proper 
discretion in communicating by name, any of the immediate objects pointed out 
by Mr. Pitt, further than to such persons to whom it may be necessary, for the good 
of the service, confidentially to entrust the same. 

As I propose to begin the operations of the ensuing campaign so soon as the sea- 
son will permit me, and if possible, much earUer than the 1st of May, I must, 
notwithstanding Mr. Pitt's letter, desire that the troops of your colony may be at 
Albany by the 10th of April, at furthest. 

I must likewise particularly recommend to you the strict and immediate observ- 
ance of His Majesty's directions relative to the collecting, and putting into the 
best condition, all the arms issued last campaign, and that have not been returned, 
which can be any way rendered serviceable, or that can be found within your 
government, in order that the same may be employed as far as they will go in 
this exigency. 

And as most people in North America have arms of their own, which, from 
their beinw accustomed to, and being so much lighter than the town arms, must 
be more agreeable and proper for them, I do, as an encouragement for their com- 



1759.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 199 



ing provided with them, engage to pay for every one of those they shall so bring, 
and that may be so spoiled or lost in actual service, at the rate of twenty-five shil- 
lings a firelock, which I understand was allowed last campaign. 

I am, &c., &c., JEFFREY AMHERST. 

To the Honorable Governor Hopkins. 

General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, February 20th, 1759. 

Sir: — Col. Babcock deUvered me your letter of the 15th January, together with 
the two accounts mentioned therein, of subsistence and costs of transportation of the 
Rhode Island troops in the years 1757 and 1758; the former of which, particularly, 
I could have wished had been settled by the Earl of Loudoun, or his successor, as 
you cannot but be sensible, that I must be a stranger to a transaction passed so 
long before my time. 

However, upon the reasons you give for its having been delayed till now, and 
being desirous of doing your colony all the justice in my power, I have caused 
those accounts to be laid before the proper officer ; and that they might be the bet- 
ter understood and supported, I desired Col. Babcock would attend him, with the 
vouchers you mention he was provided with, which he accordingly did ; when, 
upon examination of those accounts, and vouchers, neither of them proved properly 
made out, nor properly supported ; but more particularly those for 1757, which 
will be returned you by Col. Babcock, to be made out according to the annexed 
form, and to be attested by the muster master of the colony, certifying at the foot 
of each list, that the officers and men therein named, were really and truly enlisted 
and subsisted for the number of weeks and days set against each of their respective 
names. 

The charge of thirty days' subsistence to each of the four hundred and fifty 
men, from the time they left Albany until that of their being discharged at home, 
cannot neither be allowed of, by any means. Because, according to the proportion 
allowed the other provinces in such case, they would only be entitled to twenty 
days, at most ; and that as they returned by water, there is a very strong presump- 
tion that they were victualled by the crown, which I shall know soon, and inform 
you of 

As I find it has been a constant custom to pay for the freight of such troops as 
came by water, at the rate of so much per head, I cannot possibly break through 
that practice ; you will therefore ascertain in the most authentic manner, what 
number of your troops marched by land, and what came by water, in 1757; 
for the latter of which, the colony shall be allowed eight shillings, currency, a 
man. 

I come now to the accounts for 1758, the billeting rolls for which were likewise so 
irregularly made out, that Col. Babcock has been obliged to make them out anew, 
and to attest them ; but he could do nothing in the article for freight until he had 
your sanction ; and as it is most regular to finish accounts all at once, I proposed 
doing nothing therein until he had obtained it. But upon his representing to me 
that the colony was in great want of money, for payment of their troops, and that 
I should greatly serve them, in issuing the warrant for the provision money, I did, 
being willing to oblige and encourage them, yesterday grant him that warrant for 
£1,153 lOi'., sterling, with which he proposes to join you immediately. 



200 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1759. 

As I have already mentioned the method to be observed with regard to the 
freight of the troops, I have only to add, that you will follow the same rule for 
1758, that is prescribed for the preceding year ; and to remember to give credit 
for the £221 15s., New York currency, which has already been paid by Capt. 
Christie on that account ; on the other hand, what he did pay, being three shQhngs 
per man short of the real allowance, they will be made good to you. 

I must not omit to return you and the General Assembly, my most sincere 
thanks for their ready compliance with my former requisition ; you will, before 
this, have received another, together with Mr. Secretary Pitt's letter, which I dare 
trust will meet with the like commendable attention. 

I am, with great regard, sir, 

Yom- most obedient, hmnble servant, 

JEFF. AMHERST. 
To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 

General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, March 25th, 1759. 

Sir : — As I have not yet received your answer to mine of the 16th and 20th of 
last month, I naturally conclude that you have succeeded with the your Assembly, 
in obtaining from them, what I requested of you, by virtue of Mr. Secretary Pitt's 
letter of the 9th December last; and that the first notice I shrjl receive from you, 
I hope soon, will be, that the troops in the service of the colony of Rhode Island, 
are ready to take their departure for the place of rendezvous ; in that confidence, 
and in order to prevent, as much as in me lies, the arising of any difHeulties in 
this year's accounts, as was the case in the preceding, I now send you, for your 
guidance, the method you will be pleased to observe in stating them in such man- 
near, as will warrant to me the payment thereof. 

In order to this, I must recommend to you, that those accounts may be kept in 
the form I transmitted to you on the 20th of February, and be, as I then men- 
tioned, attested by the muster master general of the colony of Rhode Island, or 
yourself, certifying that the men specified therein were actually in the pay of the 
colony on the day of the receipt of mine of the 16th of last month, and continued 
therein for the services of the ensuing campaign, by virtue of which, they will, from 
that day, until that of their receiving the King's provisions, be entitled to four pence, 
sterling, each, per diem, in lieu of provisions ; as will likewise those that may have 
been enlisted thereafter, to complete your quota, fi-om the day of such their enlistment, 
to ascertain which you will transmit along with the muster rolls, their several at- 
testations, taken before a public magistrate ; all which, upon their arrival at Alba- 
ny, shall be laid before the officer, whom I shall appoint to muster them, who will 
have dli-ectlons to pay those four pences for every effective man, that he shall so 
muster. 

And as it will be a great ease to your troops to transport them by water, rather 
than march them by land, you will, of course, take up as many sloops as you shall 
think necespry for that purpose, and cause them to be victualled with a sufficient 
quantity of provisions, to subsist them In their passage to Albany ; for which sub- 
sistence, you will reimburse yourself out of the four pences that shall be granted to 
them, as aforesaid, at the place of rendezvous. 

And with regard to the fi-eight of those sloops, that shall be paid for by the 



1759.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 201 

crown, in the usual manner, of eight shillings, New York currency, for each man 
that is lauded at Albany ; or five sliillings, like currency, for every one of those 
that shall be put ashore at New York ; but I would much rather choose that they 
should all come to the former of those places, as it will prevent a number of incon- 
veniences that otherwise must happen ; and tliis may be easily done, by hiring 
sloops that draw the least water. 

In order that the person whom I shall appoint to muster them at Albany, may 
be the more exact and precise in his returns, you will direct the officer that shall 
have the command of them, not to suffer any of his men to go ashore until they 
shall have been mustered ; and as this expense of ti-ansportation and victualling 
will run very high, and that the success of all operations greatly depends on a su- 
periority of numbers, and the goodness of them, I hope it will be an additional mo- 
tive to prevent the continuing or enlisting into the service any unserviceable old 
men or boys, all which will be rejected by the person whom I shall appoint to mus- 
ter them, and will not be entitled either to their freight or billeting ; both of wliich, 
shall likewise be stopped from the deserters. 

I am, with great regard, sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

JEFF. AMHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhljj, held for the Coloiiy of Bhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neiuport, the first Wednes- 
dajj of Maij, 1759. 

The lion. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

FREEMEN ADMITTED. 

Whereas, all and every of the persons whose names are in- 
serted in the subsequent roll, have taken the oath or affirmation 
prescribed by the law of this colony against bribery and cor- 
ruption in choosing public officers, as appears by proper returns 
from the respective town clerks, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that they, and every of 
them be, and hereby are, admitted freemen of the colony and 
consequently raav lawfully give their votes to choose officers, 
not only for their respective towns, but also in the choice 
of general officers. 

Newport — Solomon Townsend, Jabez Carpenter, Gideon Cor- 
voL. VI. 26 



202 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1759. 

nel, Jr., William Stephens, John Goddard, son of John ; Ebene- 
zer Carr, Alexander Bradford, David Lindsay, Paul Coffin, 
John Pate, Charles Fourtane, Richard Ward, Jr., George Nich- 
ols, Joseph Tillinghast, son of Philip ; Elias Bryer, the third, 
Henry Potter, John Townsend, William Taylor, Joseph South- 
wick, Maxon Mosier, Thomas Wickham, Jr., Thomas Weaver, 
Jonathan Clarke, James Hawkins, Jethro Spooner, James 
Mumford, Jas. Hardy, Sam'l Tompkins and John HefFernan. 

Frovideme — Charles Keen, George Payson, Jonathan Allin, 
Benjamin Shepherd, Nathaniel Finney, Uichard Seavers, Wood- 
berry Morris, Joseph Belknap, Job Smith, John Olney, Jr., 
Noah Matthewson, Joseph Arnold, William Pain, Ithamar Ol- 
ney, Abiel Smith, Levi Burr, Amos Allen, John Andrews, Jr., 
Joseph Crawford, Jr., Jonathan Knowles, James Verry, Nehe- 
miah Ward, Joshua Greene, Barzillai Fisher, Joseph Hawkins, 
Nathan Sterry, Samuel Thurber, shipwright; Robert Foster, 
Morris Hearn, John Gary, Jos. Russel, Henry Bacon, Gideon 
Dexter, Caleb Greene, Jeremiah Smith, Stephen Hartshorn, 
Michael Cushing, Silas Downer, David Smith, John Fltten, Jo- 
seph Tillinghast, Anthony Tripp, Rowland Sprague, Jonathan 
Olney, Jr., William Lockwood, Urian Davis, Gideon Young, 
Jr., Simeon Hunt and John Adlin, Jr. 

Portsmouth — Peleg Tallman, Jos. Shearman, Geo. Brownel, 
Jr., Jeremiah Lawton, Samuel Pearce, Robert Freeborn, Wm. 
Brightman and John Manchester. 

Warwick — Richard Greene, son of John ; Benoni Price, Jr., 
Job Rice, Christopher Greene, John Knap, Joseph Arnold, son 
of Philip ; Benoni Lockwood, Charles Holdon, Jr., Simeon Ar- 
nold, Daniel Sweet, Jr., Nathaniel Arnold, John Tibbits, Silas 
Clap, James Sweet, Job Arnold, Job Tripp and Edward Gor- 
ton, Jr. 

Westerly — Peleg Sisson, William Scriven, James Crandal, Jr.^ 
Nathan Saunders, Robert Brand, Benj. Stillman, Jos. Maxson, 
Benj. Lanphear and William Steward. 

New Shoreham — Amos Dickens, Ray Sands and Ezekiel 
Rose, Jr. 

North Kingstown — Peter Tourgee, Jr., Benjamin Diamond, 



1759.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 203 

Jonathan Reynolds, Thomas Cooper, James Cooper, Jedediah 
Kingsley, Benjamin Allen, Jr., William Cole, Gilbert Cooper, 
John Spencer, Oliver Carpenter and William Congdon. 

South Kingstown — Elisha Watson, Joseph Taylor, John Wat- 
son, the third, Thomas Hawkins, Sylvanus Greenman, Jr., John 
Peckham, Clarke Gardner, Jonathan Babcook, son of David, 
Holdon Eldred, Samuel Congdon and William Weight. 

East Greenwich — Jonathan Olin, William Bailey, Bbenezer 
Herrington, John Arnold, Jr., Nathan Spencer and William 
Burlingham. 

Jamestown — John Gardner and James Carr, Jr. 

Smithfield — Caleb Buxton, Joseph Whipple, Oliver Man, Ja- 
bez Wing, Daniel Wing, John Smith, the third, Charles Win- 
sor, Samuel Arnold, Jehu Pain, Benjamin Thompson, William 
Alverson, Joseph Mowrey, John Man, Jedidiah Buffum, Elisha 
Steere, Nathaniel Mowrey, Isaac Phillips, Solomon Shippey, 
Elisha Smith, Jr , Hezekiah Sprague and Samuel Thomson. 

Scituate — John Fisk, Jr., Richard Smith, Jeremiah Weather- 
head, Joseph Kimbell, Jr., Ephraim Salisbury, Philip Matthew- 
son, Vial Thomas, Joseph Guile, Jr., John Horton, James Sea- 
mans, Matthew Hill, Christopher Bullock, John Horton, Jr., 
Joshua King, Daniel Whitaker and Samuel Whitten. 

Glocester — Abraham Fairfield, Silas Cook, Abraham Saun- 
ders, Zebedee Hopkins, Jr., William Aldrich, Nathaniel Black- 
marr, Joseph Shippey, Israel Inman, Henry Shippey, Jeremiah 
Phillips, William Colwell, Jr., William Bishop, Abraham Baker, 
Moses Bowdish, Nathaniel Bowdish, Joseph Page, Jr., Samuel 
Salisbury, John Andrews, Jr., Jedidiah Sprague, Stephen Sal- 
isbury, John Burdick, Joseph Ross, Asa Kimbell and John An- 
drews, son of John. 

Charlestown — John Champlin, Thomas Kinyon, Jr., James 
Kinyon, Edward Wilcox and Isaac Saunders. 

West Greenwich — Joseph Bowdish, Joseph Hopkins, son of 
William, William Thorne, George Dyre, Abraham Bowdish 
and Job Greene. 

Coventry — Stephen Bates, Hezekiah Bennet, Abel Potter, 



204 RECORrS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1759. 

Jr., Joseph Cummins, Thomas Love, James Colvin, Ephraim 
BurliDgham, Charles Campbell and Ebenezar Lewis. 

Exeter — Peleg Mumford, Thomas Barber, Jr., Samuel Sweet, 
Jr., Simeon Rathbun, Adam Richmond Francis West, John 
Rathbun, son of John, late of New Shoreham ; Jeremiah Gard- 
ner, Spink Hyams and Roger Sheldon. 

Middleiown — Jos. Card, Jr., Jonathan Weeden, John Holmes 
and Edward Easton. 

Bristol — Wm. Holmes, Jeremiah Ingraham, Jonathan Rus- 
sel, Hezekiah Usher and Peter Church. 

Tiverton — Walter Cooke, Benjamin Crandal, Nathaniel Cran- 
dal, John Weight, Jonathan Hart, Jr., Sion Seabury, George 
Crocker, Bennet Bailey, Christopher Borden, David Manches- 
ter, Recompence Gifford and Nathaniel Pettey. 

Little Compton — John Peabody, Jr., Gideon Taylor, Constant 
Woodman, Gideon Salisbury, Thomas Davenport and Philip 
Taylor. 

Ctimherland — Daniel Lawrence, Ebenezer Robbins, Oliver 
Capron, Samuel Clarke, Enoch Tower, Joseph Commins, Jr., 
Richard Weeks, Abraham Joslin, John Estes, John Arnold and 
Nathaniel Shepherdson. 

Richmond — Wm. Bentley, Jr., Barnaba Hoxsie, John Wat- 
son, Abel James, Edward Lillibridge, Benjamin Card and John 
Peterson. 

Cranston — William Bennet, Christopher Williams, Thomas 
Sarle, Nicholas Sheldon, Jr., Edward Fenner, Jr., Lippitt Rem- 
ington and Nehemiah Sheldon, Jr. 

Hopkinton — Wm. M'Coon, Isaiah Maxson, John Porter, John 
Stanbrough, Nathan Palmer, Richmond Reynolds, Hezekiah Hall, 
Eber Crandal, Jos. Greene, Benj. Maxson, Jos. Cole, Jos. Witter, Jr., 
Gideon Allen, Matthias Button, John Deak, John Tanner, David 
M'Coon, Jacob Hall, Caleb Wells, Josh. Wells, Nathaniel Wells, 
Parker Burdick, Samuel M'Coon, Daniel Lewis, Samuel Cran- 
dal, John Steward, Stephen Allen, Daniel Butler, Stephen 
Maxson and John Crandal, Jr. 

Johnston — Consider Luther, George Beverly, Jr., Ephraim 



1759.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



205 



Peirce, Andrew Harris, Thomas Borden, Josiah Harris, Zeplia- 
niah Eddy, Benjamin Waterman, Jr. and Samuel Smith, Jr. 

The following officers, declared elected, were duly engaged : 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Mr. James Honeyman, 
Mr. Nicholas Easton, 
Mr. Jabez Bowen, 
Mr. Nicholas Cooke, 
Mr. William Richmond, 



Mr. Jonathan Freeborn, 
Mr. Joseph Edmunds, 
Mr. Jonathan Randall, 
Mr. Francis Willet, 
Mr. Henry Gardner. 



Newport. 
Mr. Gideon Wanton, Jr.. 
Mr. John Jepson, 
Mr. Peter Bours, 
Col. Joseph Wanton, 
Capt. Daniel Ayrault, 
Mr. William Read. 

Providence. 
Capt. Isaiah Hawkins, 
Mr. Daniel Jenckes, 
Mr. Obadiah Brown. 

Portsmouth. 
Mr. Francis Brayton, 
Mr. John Shearman, Jr. 
Capt. John Shrieve, -h'. 
Mr. Thomas Brownell. 

Warwick. 
Mr. Othniel Gorton, 
Mr. Benjamin Arnold, 
Maj. James Arnold, Jr. 
Mr. John Warner, Jr. 



DEPUTIES. 

Westerif/. 
Mr. Joshua Babcock, 
Col. Joseph Pendleton. 

New Shoreham. 
Capt. Edward Sands, 
Mr. Carder Haszard. 

North Kingstoivn. 
Col. Immanuel Northup. 

South Kingstotvn. 
Mr. Stephen Haszard, Jr. 
Mr. Latham Clarke. 

East Greenwich. 
Major John Arnold, 
Capt. John Gifford. 
Jamestown. 
Mr. William Martin, 
Mr. Isaac Howland. 

Smithficld. 
Mr. John Sayles, Jr., 
Mr. Joseph Mowrey, Jr. 



206 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND 



[1759 



DEPUTIES. 



Scituate. 
Capt. Job Randall, 
Mr. Jeremiah Angell. 

Glocester. 
Capt. Joseph Wiiisor, 
Capt. Rufus Smith. 
Charlcstoivn. 
Capt. Robert Potter, 
Col. Christopher Champlin. 

West Greenwich. 
Capt. Charles Carr, 
Mr. Christopher Hall. 

Coventry. 
Mr. Caleb Greene, 
Lieut. Col. Stephen Potter. 

Exeter. 
Capt. John Reynolds, 
Mr. Benoni Plall. 

Middletoivn. 
Mr. Samuel Baley, Jr. 
Mr. James Barker, Jr. 

Bristol. 
Mr. Joseph Russel, 



Tiverton. 
Mr. Philip Tabor. 

Little Compton. 
Mr. William Hall, 
Capt. Benjamin Simmonds. 

Warren. 
Capt. Thomas Cole, 
Major Josiah Humphrey. 

Cumberland. 
Mr. Job Bartlett, 
Mr. Jeremiah Whipple, 

Richmond. 
Mr. Samuel Teft, 
Mr. Joseph Clarke. 

Cranston. 
Mr. Joseph Harris, 
Mr. John Dexter. 

Hophinton. 
Major Joshua Clarke, 
Capt. Edward Wells, Jr. 

Johnston. 
Mr. Thomas Owen, 
Juhn Waterman. 



Joshua Babcock, Esq., speaker, and Josias Lyndon, Esq., 
clerk. 

Mr. Thomas Ward, secretary. 
Mr. Augustus Johnson, attorney general. 
Mr. Thomas Richardson, general treasurer. 
The Hon. John Gardner, chief justice of the superior court 
of judicature, court of assize and general jail delivery. 



SHERIFFS OF THE SEVERAL COUNTIES. 

Newport county, Mr. George Gardner. Providence coun- 



1759.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 207 

ty, Mr. Allen Brown. Kings county, Mr. Beriah Brown. 
Bristol county, Mr. Nathaniel Bosworth. Kent county, Mr. 
Stephen Arnold. 

COLONELS OF THE SEVERAL COUNTIES. 

Newport county, Mr. Jos. Wanton, Jr. ; Providence county, 
Mr. John Andrews. Kings county, Mr. William Pendleton ; 
Bristol county, Mr. Thomas Greene ; Kent county, Mr. Benoni 
Waterman. 

It is voted and resolved, that the new court house, lately or- 
dered to be built in the town of Providence, be erected upon 
the lot where that, that was destroyed by fire last winter, stood, 
or upon the lot to the northward of that whereon the meeting 
house of the people called Quakers, stands ; provided, the 
same be purchased for the colony's use, and for the purpose, 
aforesaid, without any charge to the government. 

An Act for completing the regiment ordered by this govern- 
ment to be raised for the King's service, against His Majes- 
ty's enemies in North America. 

Whereas, soldiers are wanted to fill up the regiment afore- 
said ; therefore, and to encourage good men to enlist and fill 
up the same, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that all such able bodied ef- 
fective men as hereafter enlist into the said regiment, shall be 
allowed and paid down, upon enlisting, wages and billeting for 
two months back from the time of enlisting ; which amounts to 
£111, old tenor; or £6 1^. 2;:/., lawful money; and on or 
about the the time of embarkation, each man shall have two 
months pay advanced to him. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the whole number of men already raised, shall, upon their ar- 
rival at Albany, be, by the field officers, distributed into thir- 
teen companies ; each to consist of men equal in number and 
goodness. 



208 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1759. 

And be it further enacted, that the comiHittee of war in the 
several counties appoint such and so many enlisting officers as 
they shall think proper ; and that one captain, two lieutenants 
and an ensign, to be selected out of four different companies, 
remain in the colony as recruiting officers, and in order to be 
sent away with recruits as they may be raised ; and that the 
said recruiting officers, and every other person who shall enlist 
an able bodied, effective man, or bring one to either of the 
committee of war, to be enlisted, shall have and receive fifteen 
shillings lawful money for every such man that enlists. 

An Act for raising a number of seamen to help complete the 

manning a squadron of the King's ships at Halifax. 

Whereas, Admiral Durell hath applied to this government 
for seamen, to complete the manning of His Majesty's ships, 
under the said Admiral Durell's command, at Halifax, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority of the same, it is enacted, that all able bodied, 
effective men, that enlist into the service, aforesaid, shall be al- 
lowed and paid as a bounty, out of the general treasury, over 
and above the King's, of forty shillings sterling ; that is to 
say : every able bodied, effective seaman, the sum of £6, ster- 
ling ; and every ordinary one, £4, 10s., like money ; that His 
Honor the Governor be, and hereby is, requested to issue a 
proclamation for the purpose, aforesaid ; and that the commit- 
tee of war appoint proper persons to enlist the aforesaid 
seamen, and procure passages for them to Louisbourg or 
Halifax. 

And it is further enacted, that the number of seamen who 
shall enlist into the service, aforesaid, be accounted part of the 
thousand men by the General Assembly ordered for the cam- 
paign of the current year. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sum of £10,000, be al- 
lowed and paid out of the general treasury, towards procuring 
stores and other necessaries for the fort, and for comJDleting 
the ravelins of the same, &c. ; and that six men be enlisted as 
soldiers for the said fort ; who are also to labor thereon ; that 



1759.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 209 

the town of Newport have the direction of laj^ing out the 
money above mentioned, and agree with the soldiers upon the 
best terms they can, and that their wages be paid out of the 
general treasur3^ 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. David Harris be, and he 
hereby is, added unto the committee appointed for building a 
new court house in Providence. 

It is voted and resolved, that the general treasurer be, and 
he hereby is, directed to hire, at six per cent, what gold, sil- 
ver, lawful money and old tenor, shall be wanted to carry on 
the building of the fort (agreeably to the act of this Assem- 
bly), and for sending away the troops. 

And further, that the treasurer renew his bonds, at six per 
cent, for the money he hath hired of private persons ; that is 
to say : such as are now due. 

God save the King, 



Proceedings of the General Assemhli/, held for the Colony of Ehode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, on Monday, the 
Wth day of June, 1759. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor, 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that all the officers and soldiers 
raised by this government for the campaign of the current 
year, who yet remain in the colony, and are well enough to go, 
be immediately sent away, in order to join the army as soon as 
possible. 

An Act for raising $2,400, for, and towards the erecting a pub- 
lic edifice in the town of Newport, to be called and known 
by the name of Masons' Hall. 
Whereas, Robert Jenkins, Jr., master, John Mawdfly and 

Samuel Brenton, wardens, and the chief of the society of the 
VOL. VL 27 



210 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1759, 

free and accepted masons, in the town of Newport, with sun- 
dry other persons, inhabitants of this colony, preferred a peti- 
tion, and represented unto this Assembly, that as the said 
town hath no building in it sufficiently large and commodious 
for public entertainment, where the Governor and Council, or 
General Assemlily may occasionally meet and dine ; and where 
any of His Majesty's governors or other officers may be pub- 
licly entertained, as they pass through this government, they, 
the said society, have agreed to set on foot and erect a commo- 
dious building, to be called and known by the name of Mason's 
Hall, for the use of the said society ami purposes, aforesaid ; 
but finding their fund to be unequal to the expense, they 
prayed that a lottery may be opened and set up, in order to raise 
$2,400, for carrying on and completing the proposed building; 
on consideration whereof, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thorit}' of the same it is enacted, that the sum of $2,400, be 
forthwith raised by a lottery, to be opened, set up, and drawn 
in the town of Newport ; and that the following be the scheme 
thereof, to wit : 

[Here follows the scheme of the lottery ; its managers were 
Thomas Cranston, Esq., Godfrey Malbone, Jr., Esq., Messrs. 
Silas Cooke, Benjamin Mason, Christopher Champlin, Jr. and 
Solomon Townsend.] 

Whereas, Othniel Gorton and Thomas Aldrich, Esqs., were, 
by the Geneial Assembly', appointed a committee, to receive of 
Mr. John Walton, Jr., late cleik of the inferior court of com- 
mon pleas, and general sessions of the peace, in the county of 
Kent, the records, seal, papers and every thing else belonging 
to the aforesaid office, and deliver them unto Daniel Rowland, 
Esq., the present clerk; and whereas, the committee, above 
named, have informed this Assembly, that the said John 
Walton, Jr., refuses to deliver the said records, seal, &c., unto 
them, — 

It i$ therefore voted and resolved, that the sheriff of the 



1759.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 211 

county aforesaid, be, and he is hereby, directed and fully empow- 
ered, to take with him suffi/ient aid, and by furce take from the 
said John Walton, Jr., the records, seal, papers and every thing 
else belonging to the office, aforesaid, and deliver the same un- 
to the committee, above named, who are hereby directed to de- 
liver them unto the aforesaid Daniel Howland. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that all fines that relate to the 
mending of highways, be, and they hereby are, augmented to 
three fold of what they now are by law. 

An Act for the further regulation of the sitting of the General 
Assembly. 

Whereas, by the law now in force in this colony, regulating 
the sessions of the General Assembly, the same is holden in no 
other counties thnn those of Newport, Providence and Kings 
county, which is found to be inconvenient, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembl}^, and by 
the authority of the same it is enacted, that from and after the 
publication of this act, there shall be one session of the General 
Assembly hulden by adjournment, annually, at East Gi-een- 
wich, in turn from the other counties ; beginning first, with the 
county of Newport, to wit: from this pre-^ent session. The 
next adjournment to the said county of Kent, shall be from the 
county of Providence, in the year 1760; the third, fom the 
county of Kings county, in the j'ear 1761, and so continue an- 
nually, from county to county, in the same oriler ; and that this 
act repeal so much, and no more of the former act that regu- 
lates the holding of the General Assembly, than that part 
which relates to the annual adjournments, aforesaid, as the 
same is herein above expressed. 

It is voted and resolved, that the rate of £11,000, lawful 
money^ be paid by the several counties in the same proportion 
as the last rate was paid. 



212 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1759, 

An Act apportioning unto, and upon the several towns in this 
colony, the rate or tax lately ordered to be assessed and 
levied upon the inhabitants of the same, for paying off the 
government's troops upon their return from the campaign ; 
which rate or tax hath not been paid, as yet. 

Protests. 

The subscriber dissents from the bill, aforesaid, and for these 
reasons : 

First. That from sad experience, it is obvious that the mer- 
chants of the town of Newport, have lost, in the course of their 
trade, upwards of two millions of money since the commence- 
ment of the present war; which must greatly reduce their 
stock, and consequently all other persons residing in said 
town, who have connections with, and depend upon them for a 
livelihood and subsistence, must proportionably suffer ; and 
therefore, said inhabitants are not in a capacity to pay such a 
proportion of the tax, as is enjoined by the bill, aforesaid. 

Second. That the price of provisions and all other necessa- 
ries of life, being greatly increased by reason of the war, is an 
additional burthen to, and greatly distresses the inhabitants of 
said town, who depend on trade and labor for their support ; 
at the same time, it may be observed, that the inhabitants 
of the other parts of the colony, are proportionably benefit- 
ted in the price of the produce of their estates, occasioned also 
by the war ; which still shows the incapacity of the inhabitants 
to pay, and of consequence, the inequality thereof 

J. HONEYMAN. 

We join in the above protest JOS. WANTON, JR., 

D. AYRAULT, JR. 

We beg leave to dissent against the said vote, for the follow- 
ing reasons : 

First. We are willing to pay a proportionable part of the 
tax, according to the last rate that was levied on the town of 
Providence, taking out the number of inhabitants that was 



1759.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 213 

taken ofF for Johnston, and that fell to them then ; and so for 
a greater or or lesser sum. 

Second. We are willing to come to a true estimation of the 
town of Johnston, and the town of Providence, and proportion 
according to said estimation ; which things we conceive to be 
reasonable, and are refused by the town of Providence, and 
therefore we enter our our protest against said vote. 

THOMAS OWEN, 
JOHN WATERMAN. 



Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that the salary of the general 
treasurer of this colony, shall for the future be, and hereby is, 
augmented to the sum of £1,000, old tenor, per annum, com- 
mencing from the time of his being chosen at the general elec- 
tion in May last. 

An Act for raising one hundred and fifteen men, in order to 
complete the number of soldiers by the General Assembly 
ordered for the campaign of the current year. 
Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that one hundred and fifteen 
able bodied, effective men be raised in this government before 
or on the 10th day of July next, to complete the regiment or- 
dered by the General Assembly, for the campaign of the cur- 
rent year ; which men, when raised, shall be presented unto 
the committee of war, who are hereby directed to send fhem 
immediately unto Albany, to join the regiment there. 

And for the encouragement of such men to enlist as may be 
fit for the purpose, — 

Be it further enacted, that a bounty of £14, in the bills of 
credit called lawful money, emitted, or to be hereafter emitted 
by this colony, shall be given each able bodied, effective man 
that enlists within the time, aforesaid; he shall also be entitled to 
the same monthly wages, privileges and immunities with the 



214 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1759. 

other soldiers now in the regiment, and receive a month's pay 
before the time of his embarkation. 

And in order to carry this act into execution, — 
Be it further enacted, that there be immediately struck off, 
the sum of £4,000, of the bills above mentioned, for supplying 
the general treasury, which shall carry interest at the rate of 
five per cent, per annum, and be redeemed by a rate or tax, to be 
assessed and levied upon the inhabitants of this colony, within 
three years from the day of the date of said bills. 

And be it further enacted, that the committee of war be, and 
they are hereby, directed and fully empowered to pay the 
bounties and wages of every soldier that shall enlist, as afore- 
said, and provide transports and provisions, to carry the sol- 
diers to Albany, as is aforesaid ; and that the same committee 
who signed the last bills of credit, called lawful m )ney, be, and 
they hereby are, authorized and fully empowered to provide 
materials, get the said bills printed, and when they have signed 
the same, put them into the hands of the general treasurer, for 
the purpose aforesaid, as soon as possibly they can ; that His 
Honor the Governor transmit a copy of this act unto His Ex- 
cellency Gen. Amherst, with the utmost despatch, and that the 
same be immediately published by beat of drum, in the town of 
Newport. 

Which was done accordingly, the 16th day of June, 1759, 
by— THO. WARD, Sec'ry. 

What follows, is the report of a committee appointed by the 
lower house : 

Report of the Committee appointed to examine the accounts of 
llichard Partridge, deceased. 

" We, the subscribers, being appointed to examine the ac- 
counts of Richard Partridge, Esq., late agent for the colony, 
find that he has charged his salary and expenses for the year 
1'759, which was to become due the 17th day of August ; but 



1759.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 215 

as he died in March, we have deducted out of his salary and 
expenses from March to August, and find due £64 8s. ijd., 
sterling, which ought to be paid. 

JOB RANDAL, 

DANIEL AYRAULT, JR." 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee appointed to 
build a new court house in Providence, be, and they hereby 
are, authorized and empowered to draw money, not exceeding 
the sum of £'6,()()(), old tenor, out of the general treasury, as 
the same may be wanted, for carrying on the building of the 
said house. 

An Act for raising §2,000, for, and towards building a court 
house in the town of Providence, and purchasing a library. 
Whereas, the court house, in the town of Providence, and a 
very valuable collection of books,^were consumed by fire, in the 
night of the 24th of December last ; which collection of books 
belonged to a number of persons in the said town of Provi- 
dence, and in other towns in the county of Providence, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority of the same it is enacted, that the sum of $2,000 
be forthwith raised by a lottery, to be opened, set up. and 
drawn in the said town of Providence ; and that the following 
be the scheme thereof: 

[Here follows the scheme of the lottery.] 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
$1,000 of the said lottery, when drawn, be appropriated to the 
use of a court house, to be erected in the town of Providence, 
aforesaid ; and the other thousand be expended and laid out 
for the purchasing a collection of books, to be ever kept in 
the said town of Providence ; free access unto which, shall be al- 
ways had by the members of the General Assembly, during all 
and every of their sessions in the town of Providence ; but 
nevertheless, the property of the said library shall be vested in 
the proprietors of the former. 



216 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1759. 

And be it further enacted, that Allen Brown, Esq., Messrs. 
Darius Sessions, David Harris, Nicholas Tillinghast and John 
Jenckes, of Providence ; and Mr. Benjamin Mason, of New- 
port, be, and they are hereby, constituted managers or direc- 
tors of the said lottery ; that they be under oath for the faith- 
ful discharge of the trust to them committed, give security un- 
to the general treasurer, in double the sum of the fortunate 
tickets, for the payment of the prizes, to Daniel Jenckes and 
Obadiah Brown, of Providence, aforesaid, Esqs., who also, upon 
receiving of the said prizes, shall give sufficient security unto 
the general treasury, to apply the money forthwith unto the 
ends and purposes aforesaid ; and that the managers or direc- 
tors of the said lottery, proceed to drawing the same as soon as 
it shall be filled. 

God save the King. 

Col. Babcock to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Camp Lake George, 12th July, 1759. 

Sir : — Your favor of 2 7tb June, I bad the honor of receiving the 8th current. The 
last time I wrote Your Honor, was from Fort Edward, giving you an account of 
our having received orders to march, &c. 

The order of march I have enclosed for your perusal, as well as a return of the 
reo-iment. You will see this does not correspond with that ; there being two com- 
panies that give me more trouble than all the regiment besides, of which shall let 
you know, at a proper time. By this return, you will see we want two hundred 
eif^hty-one men ; make no doubt agreeably to the encouragement the General As- 
semblv has given, which Your Honor was good enough to inform me of in your 
last, the regiment will be very speedily filled up. 

You must excuse me, sir, when I acquaint you that the general, as well as sev- 
eral other officers of distinction, mention you with the greatest respect, as being 
hearty for the defence of the country, and a firm friend (contrary to your private 
interest in the colony, which I also have taken the liberty to acquaint the general 
ot,) to His Majesty's interest in America. 

Esteem myself happy in that the General Assembly took so much notice of the 
remonstrances made them by the general, and that it is not in the power of any 
person, however malevolent, to impeach them with ingratitude to their King, Mr. 
Pitt or their country ; but that they are so well instructed in their own interest as 
to know that it is inseparable fi-om that of Great Britain ; which if they had not 
have done, could not have held up my head before the general, without blushing, 
and which, as my father wrote me, was much owing to you. 

There never was, and we have reason to expect there never will be, a greater 
prospect of humbling the pride of New France, than the present ; provided, the 



1759.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 217 

governments will but support the general with a sufficient number of troops ; nay, 
perhaps, if they only complete their levies. For if we have success at Ticondero- 
ga and Crown Point, of which, flatter myself there is no reason to doubt, they will 
be wanted to garrison, &<•., if we go on to make a further push ; but if beaten, 
which God tbrbid ! they will be ready to support us, and prevent the country from 
being ravaged, &c. ; so that at any rate, the government cannot be wrong in filling 
up the regiment, but on the contrary, will be of infinite good to His Majesty's 
service. 

This day, three companies of grenadiers and three comj^auies of lio-ht infantry, 
together with a party of rangers and Indians, had a skirmish, about nine miles 
down the lake, with the enemy. The officer that accjuainted the general of it, hap- 
pened to see at the instant, (as I, that day, dined with the general,) who said that 
Maj. Rogers told him they knocked up one ot the enemy's birch canoes ; for we 
had one eighteen pounder in the bow of one of the bow-gallies, wliich the enemv 
little thought of; the general having directed me to send a whale-boat and an aid 
de camp to the party. The engagement began at 8 o'clock in the mornino- ; by 2 
o'clock, afternoon, the general was advised of it, by a boat. Col. Broadstreet de- 
spatched to him in the beginning of the action; Monsieur made to shore on the 
first report of our cannon. 

Am sorry have no readier conveyance to Your Honor, but tliis round-about 
way ; for if we should have any thing new, it will cease to be such, when it reaches 
you ; and if we should be fortunate enough to take some of the enemy's forts, 
should be glad to send you the earliest intelligence, I am. &c., &c., 

H. RABCOCK. 

To Governor Hopkins. 

Gen. AmJierd t<> the Gorenior of Rhode Mam]. 

Camp at Ticonderoga, 27th July, 1759. 

Sir : — On Saturday morning last, I embarked with the army at Lake George. 
The ne.N;t day, landed without opposition, and proceeded to the Saw Mills, and took 
post on the commanding grounds, meeting only a trifling opposition fi-om the ene- 
my. We lay on our arms all night ; and early the 23d, we continued our march 
to this ground, which I took possession of in the forenoon, the enemy having aban- 
doned the lines ■v^'ithout destroying them; first having carried ofl" their eftects, as 
well as sent away the greatest part of their troops. 

As soon as I was set down before the place, and after having reconnoitred it, I 
ordered the trenches to be opened, and batteries to be made, which were finished 
last night, and were to have opened at break of day; but the enemy did not think 
proper to wait till then ; having, about ten of the clock, yesterday evening, blown 
up a part of the fort, and made their escape, all to about twenty deserters. 

Our loss, considering the fii-e we sustained, is inconsiderable. We have only two 
officers killed, viz. : Col. Townshend, deputy adjutant general, and Ensign Harri- 
son, of late Forbes's. 

I take the earliest opportunity of acquainting you with this, and of assuring you 
that — J am, with great regard, sir. 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

JEFF. AMHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 

VOL. VI. 28 



218 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1759. 



Col. BahcocJc to [^Governor HopJcins]. 

Ticonderoga, July 29, "l 759. 

Hon'd Sir : — I have so many different things to do, that I have scarcely time to 
turn around. For God's sake, if you have any regard to the safety of your gov- 
ernment, as I am well assured no man can have more, be good enough, as soon as 
possible, to appoint Major Whiting lieutenant colonel, and Eb. Whiting, major. I 
beseech you to do so, as it is for the good of His Majesty's service. The latter has 
been solicited repeatedly to take command in Inskilling regiment, and he would 
not do it, without my leave ; and he is so good an officer, that I could not, contrary 
to his private interests, let him go. 

I beg you would come up, and then you will see what is absolutely necessary. 
We want brass kettles, which I must draw upon Dow for — but how to get them 
here, I can't tell. I have not two minutes notice of this express going. 

The fort was evacuated the 26th July, the same day that Louisbourg surren- 
dered. I am, &c., &c., • H. BABCOCK. 

[This letter bears no superscription, but was probably for Gov. Hopkins] 



Proceedings of the- General Assembly^ held for the Colovy of Bhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at East Grecnivich, on the 
20/A day of August, 1759. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, Messrs. Godfrey Mulbone, Jr. and John Malbone, 
both of Newport, in the colony, aforesaid, merchants in compa- 
ny, preferred a petition, and represented unto this Assembly, 
that just before the commencement of the present war, they 
had sundry dealings with Mr. Matisen, a French merchant, 
then living in Hispaniola ; that at the breaking out of the war, 
he had in his hands, of their absolute property, about twenty 
thousand livres, which they have not been able to get, and 
thereby have suffered great damage in their business ; where- 
fore, they humbly prayed for liberty to send a vessel, properly 
commissionated by His Honor the Governor, unto the island of 
Cayenne, in the West Indies, with a flag of truce, &c. 



1759.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 219 

And due inquiry being made into the subject matter of the 
petition, aforesaid, — 

It is enacted by this Greneral Assembly and by the authority 
thereof, that the prayer of the said Godfrey Malbone, Jr. and 
John Malbone, in the said petition contained, be, and the same 
is hereby granted ; and that the vessel they send, shall be un- 
der the same regulations and restrictions with others that go 
hence to the colouies, ports, or harbors of the enemy with flags 
of truce. 

Whereas, Christian Mayer, of Newport, in the county of 
Newport, and colony, aforesaid, preferred a petition, and repre- 
sented unto this Assembl}'", that there is a considerable sum of 
money due unto him from a French gentlemen, who lives on 
the island of Hispaniola ; that he, the said Christian Mayer, is 
fully satisfied that his debt will be paid, notwithstanding the 
present war, if he were properly qualified to proceed thither ; 
and that Peleg Thurston, of Newport, aforesaid, merchant, 
knowing the petitioner stands in need of the money due to 
him, as aforesaid, will furnish him with a vessel for the pur- 
pose ; whereupon, the said Christian prayed to have such a 
commission as is granted those that go hence with flags of 
truce unto the enemy's country, territories or dominions. 

And the matter being duly inquired into and considered, — 

It is enacted by this General Assembly, and the authority 
thereof, that the prayer, aforesaid, be, and the same is hereby 
granted ; provided, that the vessel be under the same regula 
tions and restrictions with others that proceed to any port or 
harbor of the enemy with flags of truce. 

Whereas, it appears unto this Assembly, that Daniel Wall, 
Esq., who was chosen lieutenant colonel of the regiment by 
this government raised for the campaign of the current year, 
against His Majesty's enemies, in North America, hath not 
joined the regiment, but wholly neglected his duty, — 

Wherefore, it is voted and resolved, that he, the said Daniel 
Wall, bo, and hereby is, dismissed from his aforesaid office, and 
cashiered ; and that his commission be, and is hereby, declared 
null and void ; and the committee of war are hereby restricted 



220 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1759. 

from paying or allowing him any wages or billeting, whatsoever. 

Whereas, Silas Cooke, of Providence, in the county of Provi- 
dence, and colony, aforesaid, gentleman, late commander of a 
certain brigantine, called the Providence, preferred a petition, 
and represented unto this Assembly, that, being duly commis- 
sioned as a private man of war, he sailed with and in the said 
brigantine on a cruise against His Majesty's enemies; that, 
while he was so doing, to wit : on the 20th day of April last, 
two French frigates took the petitioner in the said brigantine, 
and carried him with all his company in her, unto the port of 
St. Mark, on the island of Hispaniola ; where all, beside the 
petitioner, were committed to jail for some time ; but he, at 
length, with his officers and all of his company, except about 
twenty, were sent to Jamaica, in a flag of truce ; that among 
those who were left in jail, there were three Indians ; one, 
named Solomon Coggeshall, another, named William Lawrence, 
and the third. Ichabod Ireson ; all free born, and liege subjects 
of our sovereign lord the King, no way subject to or encum- 
bered with any kind of servitude or slavery ; that the said In- 
dians will be deprived of their natural liberty, and made slaves, 
without something be done for their relief; that besides the 
said Indians, there were nine negroes, very valuable slaves, be- 
longing to gentlemen of this colony ; that he, the petitioner, 
knowing them to be highly esteemed by their respective mas- 
ters, did agree, before he left the place with a certain French 
gentleman, to make a purchase of them, so that their owners 
may have it in their power to redeem them, &c. ; whereujxon, 
he, the said Silas Cooke, prayed to be authorized to proceed 
with a flag (»f truce in a proper vessel, unto the said port of St. 
Mark, in order to procure the liberty of the afoiesaid three 
Indians, and redeem the negroes, aforesaid. 

And now, the subject matter of the petition, aforesaid, being 
duly inquired into and considered, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof, it is enacted, that the prayer of the aforesaid 
Silas Cooke, therein made, be, and the same is hereby granted ; 



1759.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 221 

provided, nevertheless, and it is the true intent and meaning 
of this act, that the vessel, he, the said Silas Cooke shall em- 
bark in, be subject unto all and every the regulations that 
vessels going with flags of truce are by law subjected to. 

An Act repealing all the laws of this colony, which restrict or 

prohibit the native Indians that live within the same, from 

disposing of their lands. 

Whereas, Thomas Ninegret, of Charlestown, in the county of 
Kings county, and colon}' aforesaid, gentleman, preferred a pe- 
tition, and represented unto this Assembly, that having been 
unhappily engaged in several law suits, in defence of his right, 
he hath been obliged to advance large sums of money ; which 
with other necessary expenses, he was put to for clothino-, 
board, &c., during his minority, hath greatly involved- him in 
debt ; and as the laws of the colony now stand, he cannot in 
the apprehension of some, sell or dispose of his estate for the 
payment and discharge of his debts; wherefore, he, the said Thos. 
Ninegret, prayed that the law which relates to the purchasino- 
lands of Indians, may be repealed, and he have the same liberty 
of selling and disposing of his estate, or any part thereof as 
others of His Majesty's subjects enjoy ; on consideration where- 
of- 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that all and every of the laws 
at any time made and passed in this colony, to restrict or pro- 
hibit the native Indians, that live within the same, from selling 
and disposing of their estates, be, and they hereby are, re- 
pealed, declared and rendered null and void to every intent 
and purpose, whatsoever. 

Report of the. Committee appointed to receive the books and pa- 
pers of John Walton, Jr., clerk of the inferior court of common 
pleas, dc. 

What follows, is a report made by the gentlemen, who signed 
the same : 



222 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1759, 

East Greenwich, August the 22d, 1759. 
" We, the subscribers, being appointed by the General Assem- 
bly, held at Newport, in May last, to receive the books and pa- 
pers of John Walton, Jr., late clerk of the inferior court for the 
county of Kent, and deliver the same to the present clerk, no- 
tified the said clerk Walton when we should attend ; and also 
attended on him one day, and part of another ; but he would 
not deliver said pipers ; whereupon, we made application to 
the General Assembly at their session in June last ; and there- 
upon, the Assembly ordered the sheriff of the county of Kent 
to take said books and papers, and deliver the same to us j 
which he has done; and they were so intermixed, that we put 
them into a chest, and have not over looked them as yet; but 
we find by the book, that there are no judgments recorded for 
almost five years. Therefore, we desire the Honorable General 
Assembly would, in their wisdom, instruct us or some other 
persons, what further should be done with said papers. 

OTllNIEL GORTOX, 
THOMAS ALDRICH, 

Committee." 

Whereas, Ebenezer Jenckes, captain of one of the companies 
raised by this government, for the last year's campaign, against 
His Majesty's enemies in North America, died lately, leaving a 
widow with several children, in low circumstances, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that Ellis Jenckes, the 
said Ebenezer's widow, be allowed and paid out of the gen- 
eral treasury the sum of £300, as a gratuity, for the relief of 
herself and children. 

Re-port of the Committee appointed to audit the accounts of the 
general treasurer. 

What follows, is a report of the committee who signed it : 

We report, that we have examined all the tenth bonds ac- 
counts and vouchers in the hands of Benjamin Nichols, Esq., 
keeper of the grand committee's office, that are due at this 



1759.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 22B 

time ; and find, as his account is now stated, it is well vouched ; 
which account we now present for the consideration of the Gen- 
eral Assembly. 

The mortgages without bonds, amounting to about £14,000, 
old tenor, we have not examined, sundry of the mortgages be- 
ing out in the several counties in the colony, and no returns 
are come to hand. Mr. Nichols will be always ready to ac- 
count to the colony whenever called upon. 

We further report, that we have received of the said Nich- 
ols, ;G38,595 2-5. 8t/., old tenor money, part of the tenths ; which 
we have burnt, it appearing to be the balance of said account, 
as now stated and presented. THOMAS CRANSTON, 

PETER BOURS, 

Newport, Aug. 18, 1759. JAMES SHEFFIELD, 

Committee. 

To the Honorable General Assembly, now sitting in Kent." 

[The total amount of money loaned upon these mortgages 
and bonds, as exhibited in this account, is £391,295 195. 4<i.] 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, chose 
the following officers, to wit : 

Mr. Joseph Sherwood, attorney at law, in Austin Fryers, 
near the Royal Exchange, in London, agent for this colony at 
the court of Great Britain. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor, Daniel Jenckes, Thomas 
Cranston, Peter Bours, Robert Potter, Nathan Rice, Abraham 
Smith, Nicholas Gardner and Thomas Greene, Esqs., the com- 
mittee of war. 

Benjamin Sherburn, captain ; Henry Sowle, lieutenant ; Pe- 
ter Mumford, cornet ; and Isaac Dayton, quarter master, of the 
first troop of horse, in the county of Newport. 

Thomas Church, captain ; Aaron Wilbore, lieutenant ; Job 
Almy, son of Samuel, cornet ; and Perez Richmond, quarter 
master, of the second troop of horse, in the county of Newport. 

Benjamin Bowen, captain ; John Fenner, first lieutenant j 



224 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1759. 

James Hoil, second lieutenant, and Joseph Nash, cornet, of the 
troop of horse in the county of Providence. 

It is voted and resolved, that Peter Bours and Daniel 
Jeiickes, Esqs., together with the attorney general, be, and 
are hereby, appointed a committee, to prepare some instruc- 
tions for Ilis Honor the Governor, with regard to commission- 
ating, empowering, and what else is necessary to be done, re- 
specting the agent appointed by this General Assembly, to 
represent the colony at the court of Great Britain. 

It is voted and resolved, that the deputies of the several 
towns, who were appointed to collect the accounts of charges, 
brought against the colony, for the soldiers raised in their re- 
spective towns, on account of the expedition in August, 1757, 
to examine the said accounts, and draw orders upon the gen- 
eral treasurer, &c., present their accounts, for the trouble and 
charges they were at on that occasion, unto their respective 
town councils ; who are hereby directed and empowered to ex- 
amine the said accounts, and draw orders upon the respective 
town treasurers for what shall appear to be justly due to the 
said deputies. 

God save the King. 

General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Camp at Crown Point, 8th August, 1759. 

Sir: — On the 27th ultimo, I had the pleasure of communicating to you that the 
enemy had, on the evening before, abandoned the fort at Ticonderoga ; to which, 
I have now the further satisfaction to add, that they have likewise withdrawn them- 
selves from this place, after having also attempted to blow up the fort, in which 
they have succeeded only in part; and that I am in possession of the ground ever 
since the 4th, where I propose building such a strong hold as shall most effectually 
cover and secure all this country. 

The night of my arrival here, I received letters from Sir William Johnson, with 
the additional good news of the success of His Majesty's arms at Niagara, which 
surrendered by capitulation, on the 25th, to Sir William, upon whom the command 
had devolved, by the demise of poor Brig. General Prideaux, killed in the trenches 
on the night of the 20th ; the garrison, consisting of six hundred and seven men, 
being prisoners of war, and now on their march to New York, together with seven- 
teen officers and one hundred and sixty men more, part of a corps of twelve hun- 
dred, assembled at Detroit, Venango and Presque Isle, under the command of 



1759.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 225 



Messrs. Aubry and Delignory, for raising the siege ; but Sir William Johnson hav- 
ing intelligence of their approach, provided so properly for their reception, that on 
the morning of the 24th, when they meant to march straight to the fort, they met 
with such an opposition as they little expected, being entirely routed, with the loss 
of all their officers, and a great number of their men killed, whilst the loss on our 
side Is Inconsiderable. 

This signal success, added to the other advantages, seems an happy presage of 
the entire reduction of Canada this campaign ; or at least of clrcumscrlblno- the 
enemy within such narrow bounds, as will ever after deprive them of the power of 
exercising any more encroachments ; on which I hope I shall have the satisfaction 
of congratulating you, as I now do on these late great events ; and am, with great 
regard, sir, &c., &c., JEFF. AMHERST. 

To the Honorable Governor Hopkins. 

Admiral Dwell to the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

Pass AmeUa, off the Isle Madame, 
3d September, 1759. 
Honorable Gentlemen : — I received the honor of your letter, by Mr. Tripp, with 
the men you so readily and cheerfully raised for His Majesty's service, upon my 
application to you. 

I take the opportunity of the said gentleman, to return you my hearty and sincere 
thanks, as well for the men you raised, as for your generous offer In assisting at 
any time (upon timely notice given you) to raise a greater number, If His Majes- 
ty's service should require it, I shall not fail, when I come to England, to represent 
the cheerfulness with which you acted upon this occasion. 

When you draw for the forty shillings bounty money you have disbursed upon 
this account, you will be pleased to make your draught upon the honorable the 
commissioners of His Majesty's navy ; and if said draught should be objected 
against, which I dont apprehend will be the case, you will be pleased to direct your 
■correspondent in London, to apply to me, and I will represent it to the right 
honorable the lords commissioners of the admiralty. 

I am, with great regard, &c. &c., 

PHI. DURELL. 
To the Governor' and Company, of Rhode Island. 
VOL. VI. 29 



226 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1759. 



Proceedings of the General Assemlly held for the Colony of 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kingstoivn, 
the last \\ednesday in October, 1759. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, the General Assembly, at the session began and 
holden at East Greenwich, on Monday, the 20th of August 
last, chose and appointed Mr. Joseph Sherwood, attorney at 
law, in Austin Fryers, near the Royal Exchange, in London, to 
be agent for this colony, at the court of Great Britain ; in con- 
sequence whereof. His Honor the Governor hath prepared a 
draught or form of a power of attorney and agency, to author- 
ize him, the said Joseph Sherwood, to appear for, and in the 
name and behalf of this colony, do, act, transact and finish all 
and every suit and business at the said court, and before the 
Parliament, &c. And the said form or draught being exhib- 
ited unto this Assembly, read and duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
approved and allowed. 

Report of the Committee appointed to sell, at imhlic vendue, the 
estate of Joseph Mnnro. 

What follows, is a report of the gentlemen who signed the 
same : 

We, the subscribers, being, by the General Assembly, ap- 
pointed a committee to sell, at public vendue, the real estate 
of Joseph Munro, who was convicted of counterfeiting the bills 
of public credit, of this colony, having performed said busi- 
ness, report as follows, viz, : 

One piece of salt marsh, was struck off to Nathan Munro, at 
£9 5.9., per annum ; two small lots of improved land, and one 



1759.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 227 

piece of wood land, struck off to Edward Bosworth, at £20, per 
annum ; and have given leases of the same ; the rents to be 
paid to the general treasurer, annually, during the life of the 
said Joseph Munro. JOSEPH RUSSEL, 

NATH. BOSWORTH. 

Whereas, Allin Brown, Esq., sheriff of the county of Provi- 
dence, preferred a petition, and reported unto this Assembly, 
that, in obedience to a warrant issued by His Honor the Gov- 
ernor, he impressed several carts to transport the baggage of a 
number of His Majesty's troops that were passing through 
this government ; for which he hath been sued in the county 
of Suffolk, by one of the carters, and judgment rendered 
against him, ni favor of the said carter, for debt and costs ; 
whereupon, the said sheriff prayed this Assembly to direct him 
how to proceed with regard to what has already happened ; 
and also how to conduct himself in case other suits are 
brought against him on the same account. On consideration 
whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the petitioner be, and he here- 
by is, direct(!d to pay and discharge the judgment, aforesaid ; 
and also pay the other carters, and making an account thereof, 
lay the same before this Assembly at their next session. 

Whereas, James Honeyman, Nicholas Cooke and John Bab- 
cock, Esqs., were, by a vote of this Assembly, constituted a 
committee to prepare and lay before them an estimate of such 
sums of money as may be necessary for paying off the troops 
of this colony, at their return from the campaign, &c. ; and the 
said committee having undertaken and performed the business 
to them committed, presented what followeth : 

Report. 

" We, the subscribers, in obedience to the appointment of 
the vote, aforesaid, have made an estimate of what sums of 
money may be necessary for the supply of the general treasu- 
ry, do report as follows, viz. : 



228 KECORDS OF THE COLONY OF KHODE ISLAND [1759. 

For the payment of the troops in the service of the colony, 
the sum of £194,929, old tenor ; for the payment of the late 
agent's account, £1,440 ; for the payment of the carriages of 
the baggage, &c., of the regular troops to Boston, £1,500 ; for 
the payment of Mr. John Dexter's account, for the bridge, 
£1,950 ; for the payment of the workmen, &c., at Fort George, 
£5,000. The whole whereof, amounts to £11,200, lawful 
money. J. HONEYMAN 

NICHOLAS COOKE, 
J. BABCOCK." 



And the said report, being taken into consideration, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
accepted ; and the general treasurer is directed not to appro- 
priate any part of the rate or tax of £11,000, lawful money, 
which is now collecting, to any other use than the payment of 
the several sums mentioned in the foregoing report. 

It is voted and resolved, that Thursday, the 2 2d of the next 
month, be observed as a day of public thanksgiving, in and 
throughout this colony ; and His Honor the Governor is re- 
quested to issue a proclamation, accordingly. 

It is voted and resolved, that in case His Excellency Gen- 
eral Amherst shall write unto this government, and request 
that the troops of this colony, or any part of them, be re- 
tained. His Honor the Governor be, and hereby is, requested 
to call the General Assembly together immediately, in order to 
consider of that matter. But in case the general shall be si- 
lent on that head, that then His Honor be, and hereby is, re- 
quested and empowered to discharge the said troops, both offi- 
cers and soldiers, as soon as conveniently may be, after their 
return to this colony ; and that the committee of war pay them 
off. 

It is voted and resolved, that the general treasurer be, and 
he is hereby, directed to hire a sufficient quantity of gold 
and silver, at six per cent., (if he can) to discharge his notes. 



1759.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 229 

and redeem such Crown Point bills as are yet outstanding ; 
and also the bonds given for lawful money, omitted in August, 
which will be due next December. 

And whereas, at the session of the General Assembly, be- 
gun and holden at Providence, on Monday, the 26th of Feb- 
ruary last, an act was passed, requesting His Honor the Gov- 
ernor to cause the accounts of billeting, transport hire, &c., for 
part of the year 1756, and for the whole of 1757, to be made 
out, and sent by Col. Henry Babcock, to His Excellency Gen- 
eral Amherst^ for payment; and that the said money, when re- 
ceived, should be lodged in the hands of Mr. Volkert Douw, 
Jr., the colony's agent ; which accounts were sent accordingly ; 
but the general had taken the field. Whereupon, they were 
remitted unto His Honor the Governor, who has them now in 
his custody. 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that His Honor be, and 
hereby is, requested, at the rising of this Assembly, to send 
the said accounts, by express, unto the aforesaid Col. Babcock, 
and empower him to receive the money due, by said accounts, 
in specie, and deliver the same unto the general treasurer, to 
be appropriated to the payment of the gold and silver money 
debts, due from the colony; and, if it shall so happen that the 
general is not in cash, that then the said colonel receive bills 
of exchange for the same (no one of which to exceed the sum 
£100, sterling,) and deliver them unto the general treasurer ; 
who is hereby empowered to sell them for gold and silver, to 
the best advantage, first endorsing them, if required. And 
that, if any money, given by the crown, shall ai-rive before the 
next session of this Assembly, the general treasurer receive 
the same, and appropriate it also to the payment of the said 
gold and silver money debts. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that such part of the 
act of Assembly as orders the money tu be received of General 
Amherst, to be lodged in the hands of the aforesaid Volkert 
Douw, Jr., be, and hereby is, repealed. 

And further, that no Crown Point bills be redeemed after 
three mtniths frnm the rising of this Assembly. 



230 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1759. 

Whereas, Samuel Angell, Esq., who was colonel of the regi- 
ment raised by this colony, for the campaign against His Maj- 
esty's enemies in North America, in the year 1757, exhibited 
an account by him charged against the colony, for his table 
expenses, in consequence of an act made and passed when he 
was chosen to that office. 

Whereupon, a committee of both houses was appointed to 
audit the said account ; and the gentlemen having undertaken 
and performed the service to them committed, reported as 
followeth : 

Report. 

" We, the subscribers, being appointed to examine the with- 
in accounts, have accordingly done the same, and made such 
deductions from the sundry articles charged therein, as we 
think just, and do report : 

That we are of opinion, that £1,595 18s. of the same, ought 
to be paid. J. GARDNER, 

GIDEON COiMSTOCK, 
JOHN JEPSON." 

Whereas, the General Assembly, at their session, begun and 
holden at Providence, on Monday, the 26th of February last, 
made and passed an act, that lawful interest should be allowed 
and paid CoL Samuel Angell, out of the general treasury, for 
the money he advanced to his soldiers upon the colony's ac- 
count, in the year 1757, when he had the command of the 
troops by this government raised for that year's campaign, 
against His Majesty's enemies in North America ; and as 
nothing further hath been hitherto done in the affair, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee of war be, and 
hereby are, directed to settle the said interest, and give an or- 
der on the general treasurer for the payment thereof. 

God save the Kino-. 



1759.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 231 



Public Ads passed during the year 1759. 

[The following public laws, in addition to those printed in these Records, were 
passed during the year 1759, and will be found (unless previously repealed) in 
the volume of Public Laws, printed in the year 176 7.] 

An Act apportioning unto, and upon the several towns, the rate or tax ordered to 
be assessed and levied upon the inhabitants. (June.) 

An Act in addition to an act, passed by the General Assembly at its May session, 
1666, entitled " An act to prevent excessive riding in any of the streets or high- 
ways in the towns of Newport and Providence." (June.) 

An Act granting to Aaron Salisbury an annual pension. (August.) 

An Act to prevent horses going at large in the town of Newport, and augmenting 
the penalty to be incurred by such as let their horses go at large in the town of 
Providence. (August.) 

An Act to prevent bringing the murrain into this colony from North Carolina. (Oc- 
tober.) 

An Act authorizing Phebe Strengthfield to sell a part of her late husband's real 
estate. (October.) 

General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Camp at Crown Point, 22d October, 1757. 

Sir: — ^It being necessary, the better to insure the acquisitions of the campaign in 
these parts, as well as to penetrate into the heart of Canada, by Lake Champlain, 
first to tike or destroy the four armed vessels which the enemy had upon it, and 
which gave them a superiority over our boats and batteaux ; I accordingly caused 
vessels to be built for that purpose, which having been finished and arrived here 
the 11th instant, I set out the very evening of that day with a detachment of the 
army, and proceeded with the whole in search of the enemy's vessels ; three of 
which, ours came up with, and drove into a bay, where the enemy themselves sunk 
and ran them on shore ; the fate of the fourth is not yet known ; but whether or 
not she be taken or destroyed, we are now not the less masters of the lake ; and 
had the weather permitted, nothing could have jirevented the attempt of penetrat- 
ing into Canada. 

But the winds, whilst I was out, have proved so obstinately contrary, and tlie 
season already so far advanced, that I have been compelled to return to this place, 
where I arrived with my detachment, yesterday afternoon. 

I am with great regard, sir, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 

Admiral Colville to the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

Sirs : — As I am commander in chief of His Majesty's sea forces in North America 
the nature of my office, as well as my instructions, points out to me the propriety 
of corresponding with the several governors of His Majesty's colonies on the eonti- 



232 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE "ISLAND [1759. 

nent. Therefore, I make it my present request to Your Excellency, that you will, 
as early as possible, communicate to me whatever intelligence you may receive, re- 
lating to the enemy ; and particularly, if any of their ships of war should arrive in 
your neighborhood, that part of the force under my command may be employed to 
defeat their purposes. 

I must likewise acquaint you, that most of the King's ships with me, are short of 
complement, and by death and sickness, will be still shorter in the spring. There 
is no provision made to supply this deficiency from England ; because 'tis supposed 
there, that it can be done from the colonies ; and although I am perfectly sensible 
from former experience, how difficult it is to raise men in America, for the sea ser- 
vice, yet I am under the necessity of applying to Your Excellency for this pur- 
pose ; because I have no other prospect whereby the strength of the squadron can 
be kept up. I am, &c., &c., COLVILLE. 

Northumberland, at Halifax, Nov. 1, 1759. 

To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

The Lords Justices to the Governor and Company of Rhode Island, 

Whitehall, Nov. 13, 1759. 
Gentlemen : — It having pleased Almighty God to give signal success to His 
Majesty's arms both by sea and land, particularly by the defeat of the French ar- 
my in Canada, and the taking of Quebec ; 

And His Majesty having thought fit, in acknowledgement of so great blessings, 
to appoint a day of public thanksgi^ang for the same, throughout Great Britain, we 
hereby enclose you His Majesty's royal proclamation for that purpose ; it being His 
Majesty's pleasure, that the like public thanksgiving should be solemnized in all 
His Majesty's colonies in America, which are so particularly interested in these 
happy events. We do hereby signify to you His Majesty's commands that you do 
as soon as possible, after the receipt hereof, appoint a proper day for that purpose., 
to be observed throughout the colony under your government, with such solem- 
nities as are suitable to so great an occasion. 

We are, &c., &o., DUNK HALIFAX, 

W. G. HAMILTON, 
SOAME JENYNS. 



General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 



New York, 13th December, 1759. 

Sir: — Having, by this last packet, received the King'^s entire approbation of the 
signal zeal and spirit which the officers and soldiers on all occasions manifest for 
the honor of Ilis Majesty's arms, I am glad, through your channel, to seize the first 
moment, to inform those of your colony of His Majesty's most gracious commands, 
not doubting but that by a continuance of their brave and good behaviour (which 
cannot fail of giving further success to His Majesty's arms,) they will prove de- 
serving of this distinguishing mark of the royal approbation. 

And as Col. Babcock, has, throughout the whole campaign, continually mani- 
fested his o-reat zeal for the service, and upon all occasions, promoted it to his ut- 



1760.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 233 



most, I should not do him justice were I to omit giving him this public testimony of 
^t, and of begging you to return him my particular thanks for the same. 

I come now, sir, to make you the same requisition I did last year, upon my en. 
tering on the general command ; for although I have not at present, no more than 
I had then, any particular orders relative to the operations of the ensuing cam- 
paign, yet I am certain it must be of infinite service to the public cause, that the 
colony of Rhode Island should this year, as they did the last, pursue the wise and 
judicious measure of keeping their forces in pay during the winter, which measure 
I cannot sufficiently commend, nor too strongly recommend ; and I make no doubt 
but the Assembly, sensible of the saving it must be to the colony, and from their 
desire of promoting the good of the service, will readily and cheerfully comply, not 
only with the above request, but will also make immediate provision for completing 
the regiment, which came very defective into the field this year, owing, I am per- 
suaded, to their having, the last year, disbanded the oflicers, without which there 
is no keeping up properly and disciplining any corps. 

I would, therefore, recommend it to the most serious consideration of the Assem- 
bly, that in the provision they will now make for the maintenance of the com. 
plete regiment, they will also include the oflicers. 

I am, with great regard, sir, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 



Governor Hopkhis to General Amherst. 

Providence, January 7, 1760. 

Sir : — The receipt of your favor of the 13th of December, I acknowledge, and very 
heartily congratulate you, as well on your safe return from the campaign, as on the 
very great and signal successes which have attended it ; and more so, as His Maj- 
esty has been graciously pleased fully to approve that zeal and spirit which his of- 
ficers and soldiers have shown on every occasion. 

Your Excellency's approbation of the conduct and behaviour of Col. Babcock, 
will be extremely agreeable to the colony, who employed him ; and it will be a 
very sensible pleasure to me, to communicate your very kind message to him. 

The General Assembly, of this colony, at their session the last of October, direct- 
ed me, that when the regiment sent from this colony, should return from the cam- 
paign, I should dismiss the officers and soldiers from the service, except I should 
before or at said time, receive a request from Your Excellency, that they might be 
further retained. Accordingly, after waiting till the 10th of December, they were 
then all dlsehai'ged by proclamation. 

The Assembly, by this step, had no design of withholding their further assistance 
to His Majesty's service, if It should be wanted ; therefore I must beg Your Excel- 
lency to favor me, as soon as conveniently may be, with such requisitions to this 
colony, as His Majesty's service may further call for; which, as soon as received, 
shall be laid before the Assembly ; by whom (I am persuaded,) they will be all 
cheerfully and punctually carried Into execution. 

With the greatest regard, I am, &c., &c., 

STEP. HOPKINS. 

To His Excellency Gen. Amherst. 
VOL. VL 30 



234 RECORES OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1760. 



Governor Hopkins to Col. Bahcock. 

Providence, January 7, 1760. 

Sir : — I congratulate you on your safe return from the campaign. And now you 
are a little recruited from the fatigues of it, I must desire you to take a jour- 
ney to Providence, that vs^ith your assistance, I may fully complete such of the col- 
ony's accounts as are to be sent to General Amherst for his allowance ; for without 
conferring with you, it is not possible for me to know what hath been already paid, 
and what still remains to be asked for. I hope you will be kind enough to bring 
with you all such accounts, pajDers and vouchers as will be needful for the purpose ; 
and among them, the form given you last winter, by General Amherst, and by 
which, he would have our accounts drawn. The sooner you come here, the sooner 
I shall give you an opportunity of waiting on the general with these accounts, 
which I hope will be agreeable ; and in the interim, am, — 
With great regard, sir, 
Your assured friend, STEP. HOPKINS. 

To Col. Henry Babcock. 

Secretary Pitt to the Governor and Compaivj of RJiode Island. 

Whitehall, 7th January, 1760. 

Sir : — His Majesty having nothing so much at heart as to improve the great and 
important advantages gained, the last campaign, in North America ; and not doubt- 
ing, that all his faithful and brave subjects there, will continue most cheerfully to 
co-operate with, and second to the utmost, the large expense and extraordinary 
succors supplied by this kingdom for their preservation and future security, by 
completing the reduction of all Canada ; and His Majesty not judging it expedient 
to limit the zeal and ardor of any of his provinces, by making a repartition of the 
force, to be raised by each, respectively, for this most imjDortant service ; I am com- 
manded to signify to you the King's pleasure, that you do forthwith use your utmost 
endeavors and influence with the Council and Assembly of your province, to in- 
duce them to raise, with all possible despatch, within your government, at least as 
large a body of men as they did for the last campaign ; and even as many more as 
the numbers of its inhabitants may allow, and forming the same into regiments, as 
far as shall be found convenient, that you do direct them to hold themselves in 
readiness, as early as may be, to march to the rendezvous, at Albany, or such other 
place, as His Majesty's commander in chief, in America, shall appoint, in order to 
proceed from thence, in conjunction with a body of the King's British forces, and 
under the supreme command of His Majesty's said commander in chief, in America, 
so as to be in a situation to begin the operations of the campaign, by the 1st of 
May, if possible ; or as soon after, as shall be any way practicable, by an irruption 
into Canada, in order to reduce Montreal, and all other posts belonging to the 
French in those parts, and further to annoy the enemy in such manner, as His 
Majesty's commander in chief shall, from his knowledge of the countries through 
which the war is to be carried, and from emergent circumstances, not to be known 
here, judge to be practicable. 

And the better to facilitate this important service, the King is pleased to legve 



1760.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 235 



it to you to issue commissions to such gentlemen of your province, as you shall 
judge, from their weight and credit with the people, and their zeal for the public 
service, may be best disposed and able to quicken and effectuate the speedy levying 
of the greatest number of men ; in the disposition of which commissions, I am pei-- 
suaded you will have nothing in view, but the good of the King's service, and a due 
subordination of the whole, when joined to His Majesty's commander in chief; and 
all officers of the provincial forces, as high as colonels, inclusive, are to have rank 
according to their several respective commissions, agreeably to the regulations 
contained in His Majesty's warrant of the 30th of December, 175 7. 

1 he King is further pleased to furnish all the men, so raised as above, with arms, 
ammunition and tents, as well as to oi'der provisions to be issued to the same, by 
His Majesty's commissaries, in the same proportion and manner as is done to the 
rest of the King's forces. A sufficient train of artillery will also be provided, at 
His Majesty's expense, for the operations of the campaign; and the ship, that con- 
veys this carries orders for timely providing, at the Bang's charge, with the utmost 
diligence, and in an ample manner, boats and vessels necessary for the transporta- 
tion of the army on this expedition. 

The whole, therefore, that His Majesty expects and requires from the several 
provinces, is, the levying, clothing and pay of the men ; and on these heads, also, 
that no encouragement may be wanting to this great and salutary attempt, the 
King is further most graciously pleased to permit me to acquaint you, that strong 
recommendations will be made to Parliament, at their session next year, to grant a 
proper compensation for such expenses as above, according as the active vigor, and 
strenuous efforts of the respective provinces shall justly appear to merit. 

It is His Majesty's pleasure, that you do, with particular diligence, immediately 
collect and put into the best condition, all the arms issued last campaign, which 
can be any ways rendered serviceable, or that can be found within your govern- 
ment in order that the same may be again employed, as far as they will go, in this 
exigency. I am at the same time to acquaint you, that a reasonable supply of arms 
will be sent from England, to replace such, as may have been lost, or have become 
unfit for future service. 

I am further to inform you, that similar orders are sent, by this conveyance, to 
New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Connecticut, New York and New Jersey. 
The southern governments are also directed to raise men, in the same manner, to 
be employed in such offensive operations, as the circumstances and situation of the 
enemy's posts in those parts may point out, which, it is hoped, will oblige them so 
to divide their attention and forces, as may render the several attemjits more easy 
and successful. 

It is unnecessary to add any thing to animate your zeal in the execution of His 
Majesty's orders on this great occasion, where the future safety and welfare of 
America, and of your own province in particular, are so nearly concerned ; and 
the King doubts not, from your known fidelity and attachment, that you will em- 
ploy yourself, with the utmost application and despatch, in this promising and deci- 
sive crisis. I am, etc., W. PITT. 

To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 



236 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1760. 



Proceedings of the General Assejiibly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at /South Kingstoivn, the 
^Wi day of February , 1760. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

An Act for raising $1,200, in order to re-establish the library, 
lately consumed by fire, in the town of Providence. 

Whereas, the proprietors of the aforesaid library preferred a 
petition, and represented unto this Assembly, that almost all 
the books and papers of which the said library was composed , 
were, with their book cases, destroyed, when the court house 
in said Providence, was burnt ; and thereupon prayed for lib- 
erty to put forth a lottery sufficient to raise twelve hundred 
milled dollars, for re-establishing said library. 

Upon due consideration whereof, and as the re-establishing 
of the aforesaid library is of a public nature, tending to pro- 
mote virtue and the good of mankind, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that the proprietors of the 
late library, called and known by the name of the Provi- 
dence Library, which was destroyed, as aforesaid, be, and they 
hereby are, authorized and fully empowered to open and 
set up a lottery in the town of Providence, consisting of 
$12,000; out of which, a deduction of ten per cent, shall be 
made, for raising the aforesaid sum of $1,200, to be by the 
said proprietors applied toward purchasing books for re-estab- 
lishing the said library, and defraying the charges of the said 
lottery, which is to consist of six thousand tickets, at $2 each ; 
whereof, one thousand five hundred and twenty-nine to be for- 
tunate, to wit : 



1760.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 23T 

[Here follows the scheme of the lottery. Its dh^ectors were 
Benjamin Gushing and Samuel Nightingale, Esqs., Messrs. Da- 
rius Sessions, Baulston Brayton, Job Sweeting and Joseph 
Turpin.J 

Whereas, Jabez Bowen, Job Tripp and James Ilelme, Esqs., 
were appointed by this Assembly, at their last session, to in- 
quire what town or towns are, by law, obliged to erect a bridge 
over Hunt's River, &c. 

In conformity whereto, the said Jabez Bowen and James 
Helme undertook the service, and made a report unto this As- 
sembly, adding an account £39 9s. id., charged against the 
colony, for their time, trouble and expenses ; and the premises 
being taken into consideration, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the above mentioned report be 
not accepted ; yet, the sum, aforesaid, shall be paid the said 
Jabez Bowen and James Helme. out of the general treasury. 

And further it is voted and resolved, that the towns of War- 
wick and East Greenwich erect and maintain at their own cost 
and charge, a good and substantial abutment for a bridge, on 
the north side of Hunt's River; that the town of North Kings- 
town, at their own cost and charge, erect and maintain another 
good and substantial abutment for a bridge, on the south side 
of the said river ; that the abutments to be "so erected, shall be 
thirty feet assunder ; and that the government, at their own 
proper cost and charge, lay a good substantial wooden bridge 
over the river, aforesaid, from one of the said abutments to the 
other. 

An Act for raising $1,000, by a lottery, in order to purchase a 

certain lot of land in the town of Providence, whereon to 

erect a court house. 

Whereas, the General Assembly hath ordered a court house 
to be erected in the town of Providence, where a lot 'of land 
may be purchased, very commodious and suitable for setting 
the said court house upon, at the price of $1,000, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 



238 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1760. 

the authority of the same it is enacted, that a lottery of two 
ckisses be opened and set forth in the said town of Providence, 
to raise the sum of $1,000, for the purpose aforesaid, which 
shall be drawn as soon as conveniently may be. 

[Here follows the scheme of the lottery. The directors were 
Messrs. Allen Brown, Nicholas Tillinghast, Benjamin Gushing, 
Darius Sessions, WilHam Smith and David Harris.] 

An Act for raising, by way of letter}^, the sum of £24,000, in 
bills of credit, of the old tenor, to be appropriated for the 
erecting a handsome building, of two stories, in the town of 
Newport ; the lower part to be appropriated for a market 
house forever; and the upper part to be made and con- 



verted into stores, &c. 



Whereas, Messrs. Henry Collins, Josias Lyndon and Henry 
Ward, in behalf of themselves and others, the proprietors of 
the Long Wharf in the town of Newport, preferred a petition, 
and represented unto this Assembly, that the said proprietors 
being sensible of the general benefit that would accrue unto 
the said town, from a convenient well situated market house ; 
and taking also into consideration the great advantage the 
poor of the said town would, in an especial manner, reap from 
a public granary, did, at their meeting, holden on the 20th 
day of the current month, pass a vote as followeth, to wit : 

"That the lot of laadin Newport, belonging to the proprietors, 
being in front, upon Thames street, thirty-eight feet, and extend- 
ing from said street, westerly, fifty feet, be, and it is hereby, 
granted to the town of Newport, for erecting thereon a hand- 
some building ; the lower part to be appropriated for a market 
house, forever ; and to no other use, whatsoever, unless it shall 
be found convenient to improve some part of it for a watch 
house ; and that the upper part of said building be made into 
convenient stores, for dry goods, and let out to the best advan- 
tage ; and that all the rents thereof, together with all other 
profits that shall arise on said building, shall be lodged in the 
town treasury, to be applied to the purchasing grain, as a per- 



1760.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 239 

petual fund, for supplying a public granary, for the use of said 
town ; and that the said building be erected agreeably to a 
plan that shall be approved of by the proprietors ; the cost of 
which, to be estimated at £24,000, old tenor ; and that Messrs. 
Henry Collins, Josias Lyndon and Henry Ward, be appointed 
a committee, to present a petition to the General Assembly, for 
a lottery or lotteries, to raise that sum, and sign the same, in 
behalf of the proprietors ; and also draw and present a scheme 
to the Assembly, with said petition." 

And thereupon, the said Henry Collins, Josias Lyndon and 
Henry Ward, prayed for liberty to open and set forth a lottery 
or lotteries, for the uses, aforesaid ; and that the directors may 
be empowered to divide the same into as many classes as they 
shall think most conducive for the proposed end. 

And this Assembly, being desirous to countenance and en- 
courage so laudable a design, — 

Do enact, and by the authority vested in them, it is enacted, 
that the prayer of the petitioners be, and the same is hereby, 
granted ; and the scheme by them presented, with their peti- 
tion, approved. And that Peter Bours, Thomas Cranston, Jo- 
sias Lyndon, Esqs. ; Messrs. John Wanton, son of Gideon, and 
Thomas Robinson, Lieut. Col. Job Bennett and Mr. John Dock- 
ray, or any five of them, be, and hereby are, constituted direc- 
tors, to sign the tickets, dispose of the siime, draw the lottery, 
pay otf the prizes, etc. 

[Here follows the scheme of the lottery.] 

An Act for raising one thousand able bodied, effective men, to 
proceed on an expedition against His Majesty's enemies 
still remaining in Canada, and supplying the treasur} for 
the necessary charges thereof 

Whereas, this Assembly hath received advice, by a letter, 
bearing date the 7th day of January last, from the Right Hon- 
orable William Pitt, Esq., one of His Majesty's principal secre- 
taries of state, that it is the King's will and pleasure, that the 
war be still carried on in North America ; and that the most 



240 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1760. 

vigorous and extensive efforts be made for the reduction of 
Montreal and other places in Canada, still remaining in the 
enemy's possession ; and being truly sensible of His Majesty's 
gracious intentions therein, and ready to contribute their assist- 
ance to the utmost of their power, and co operate with the other 
forces, for promoting so important a service, — 

They do enact, and by the authority of this General Assem- 
bly it is enacted, that one thousand able bodied, effective 
men, officers included, be forthwith raised in this colony, to 
be employed in His Majesty's service, until the end of the en- 
suing campaign, and no longer ; that they be formed into one 
regiment, over which shall be appointed one colonel, one lieu- 
tenant colonel and a major ; and consist of ten companies ; 
each of which shall be commanded by one captain, two lieu- 
tenants and an ensign, excepting three of the said ten compa- 
nies, which shall be under the immediate command of the three 
field officers, and have only two lieutenants and one ensign to 
each ; all of whom, shall be chosen and appointed by this As- 
sembly. Provided, nevertheless, that no officer shall receive 
his commission, until he shall have enlisted the following num- 
ber of soldiers, to wit : 

Each captain, twenty ; each first lieutenant, fifteen ; each 
second lieutenant, twelve ; and each ensign, eight. 

Yet, notwithstanding the foregoing proviso, if any officer 
shall make it appear to the Governor and Council, that he 
hath diligently and honestly done his duty in endeavoring to 
raise his complement of men, he shall receive his commission, 
although he may have failed therein. 

[The remainder of this act provides for the number of offi- 
cers, their rank and wages, the wages of the men, the bounty 
of £9 to be paid to each able bodied man, and the issuing of 
bills of credit to the amount of o£lG,000, towards carrying the 
act into execution.] 

It is voted and resolved, that when the sterfing money, 
granted by Parliament, and allotted to this colony, shall arrive 



1760.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 241 

in America, His Honor the Governor receive the same, and 
giving proper receipts, immediately lodge it in the general 
treasury, taking the treasurer's receipt therefor ; and that the 
said money be, by the treasurer, applied to the payment of 
such money, of every kind, as he hath hired of particular per- 
sons, for the colony's use ; and for redeeming all such treasu- 
rer's notes as are outstanding. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, chose 
the following officers to command the regiment by this Assem- 
bly ordered to be raised for the ensuing campaign. 

Field officers — Christopher Harris, Esq., colonel ; John Whit- 
ing, Esq., lieutenant colonel ; and Thomas Burket, Esq., major. 

Captains — Messrs. Samuel Rose, Christopher Hargil, Na- 
thaniel Peck, Thomas Fry, Jr., Giles Russell, Thomas Tew and 
Joshua Brown. 

First lieutenants — Messrs. Tibbits Hopkins, Jeremiah Shaw, 
Jr., Jonathan Spear, Caleb Tripp, Samuel Stoneman, Thomas 
Rose, Samuel Watson, of Exeter, Moses Warren, Israel Peck 
and William Pulling. 

Second lieutenants — Messrs. Thomas Collins, Daniel Byrn, Asa 
Kimbal, William Eldred, George Cornel, son of Clarke ; Solo- 
mon Roffey, Asa Bowdish, JefTry Wilcox, Abner West and 
Mitchel Case. 

Ensigns — Messrs. Peleg Slocum, John Manchester, Arthur 
Fenner, of Cranston, Records Tabor, James Pearse, Tamberlin 
Campbell, Stukely Stafford, Edward Cross, Othniel Tripp and 
Thomas Mitchel. 

Lieutenant Samuel Stoneman, adjutant. 

Mr. Oliver Helme, commissary. 

Mr. Thomas Rodman, (son of Clarke Rodman, late of New- 
port, physician, deceased) surgeon. 

And Gideon Comstock, Esq., is added to the committee of 
war. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be, 

and hereby is, requested to direct the colony's agent at the 

court of Great Britain, to apply for the forty shillings per head, 

for the seamen raised in this colony the last year, and sent to 

VOL. VL .31 



242 RECOEDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1760. 

the fleet up the river of St. Lawrence, agreeably to Admiral 
Durell's letter. 

God save the King;. 



Queries relating to His Majesty's Plantations on the continmt of 
America. 

1. What is the situation of the ***** colony under your govern- 
mentj the nature of the country, soil and climate ; the latitudes and longitudes of 
the most considerable places in it, or the neighboring French or Spanish settle- 
ments ? Have those latitudes and longitudes been settled by good observations, or 
only by common computations ; and from whence are the longitudes comjjuted ? 

2. What are the rejjuted boundaries, and are any parts thereof disputed, what 
parts, and by whom ? 

3. What is the constitution of the government ? 

4. What is the trade of the ***** colony, the number of seafaring 
men, with the respective increase, or diminution, within ten years past ? 

5. What quantity and sorts of British manufactures do the inhabitants annually 
take from hence ? 

6. What trade has the * * colony under your government with any for- 
eign plantations, or any part of Europe, besides Great Britain ? How is that trade 
carried on ? What commodities do the jieople under your government send to, or 
receive fi'om foi'eigu plantations ? 

7. What methods are there used to prevent illegal trade, and are the same ef- 
fectual ? 

8. What is the natural produce of the country, staple commodities and manu- 
factures, and what value thereof, in sterling money, may you annually export ? 

9. What mines are there ? 

10. What is the number of inhabitants, whites and blacks ? 

11. Are the inhabitants increased or decreased within the last ten years, how 
much, and for what reasons ? 

1 2. What is the number of the militia ? * 

13. What forts and places of defence are there within your government, and in 
what condition ? 

14. What number of Indians have you, and how are they inclined '? 

15. AVhat is the strength of the neighboring Indians ? 

16. What is the strength of your neighboring Europeans, French or Spaniards ? 

17. What effect have the French or Spanish settlements on the continent of 
America, upon His Majesty's plantations, especially on your colony ? 

18. What is the revenue arising within your government, and how is it appro- 
priated ? 

19. What are the ordinary and extraordinary expenses of your government? 

20. What are the estabhshnients, civil and military within your government, 
and by what authority do the officers hold their places ? 

It is desired that a return be made to these queries every six months, that the 
board may, from time to time, be apprised of the alterations that may happen in 
th^ circumstances of your government. 



1760.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 243 



Governor Hopkins to General Amherst. 

Providence, February 12, 1760. 

Sir : — On the Ttli of January, I wrote in answer to Your Excellency's letter of 
the 13th of December, and then informed you that the regiment raised by this 
colony, both officers and soldiers, were discharged by order of the General Assem- 
bly, before the receiving of yours. I also then desired you would be pleased to for- 
ward such requisitions to this colony as might be necessary, for the ensuing cam- 
paign, as soon as your convenience would admit ; but have not yet been favoi'ed 
with any directions how you would have the colony conduct themselves in this 
matter. And, as the General Assembly of this colony will meet on the last Mon- 
day in this month, when it will be full time to enter on whatever may be needful 
to be done with regard to the ensuing campaign, I must beg Your Excellency to 
favor me with all such requisitions and directions as may be needful for His Maj- 
esty's service, to be performed by this colony, that I may have them to lay before 
the Assembly, at their meeting. 

With the greatest regard, I am, &c., &c., 

STEPHEN HOPKINS. 

To His Excellency General Amherst 

General Amherst to Governor Hopkins. 

New York, February 14, 1760. 

Sir : — Yester evening, arrived the Earl of Leicester packet ; and by her I am 
honored with a letter from Mr. Secretary Pitt, of the 11th of December last; 
and although he does not send me His Majesty's commands for the operations 
of the ensuing campaign, yet he directs me to make all the necessary prepara- 
tions for pushing on the war with vigor, as early in the year as the season will 
permit, and thereby complete the great work so successfully begun, of rendering 
His Majesty entire master of Canada. 

In order, therefore, to enable me to fill these instructions, I must renew to you 
my most earnest solicitations tor your moving your Assembly to make immediate 
provision for the same, or a greater number if possible, of men, than they did for 
the last campaign ; and to have them in such immediate readiness, that when I in- 
form you of my intentions to take the field, which shall be as early as possible, I 
may be certain of the motion and junction of all the forces, at the time and places 
which I shall hereafter acquaint you with ; which I shall be able to do more par- 
ticularly, upon the arrival of CoL Amherst, whom I expect out soon, with the 
King's ulterior commands for the ensuing operations. 

I am, with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 



244 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHOPE ISLAND [1760. 



General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, 18th February, 1760. 

Sir: — In answer to your letter of the 12th instant, received last night, I am to 
inform you, that if I did not acknowledge the receipt of yours of the 7th of Jan- 
uary, till within these few days, it was because I was in daily expectation of His 
Majesty's commands, which were to decide the requisition I should make of his sev- 
eral provinces and colonies ; and as I found that the Rhode Island forces were dis- 
banded, any thing I could have said on that subject, until I was informed of His 
Majesty's pleasure, would have been on an uncertainty. 

I deferred it therefore, till the 14th instant; on the eve of which, I received 
instructions fi-om Mr. Secretary Pitt, to make the necessary preparations for an- 
other campaign ; whereupon, I wrote a circular letter to the several Governors, of 
which the enclosed is a duj^licate of that to you, to which I refer you, and beg you 
will use all your influence to see it compKed with. 

I am with great regai-d, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 

General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, 21st February, 1760. 

Sir : — With His Majesty's commands for the reduction of all Canada, received 
last night, I likewise had the copy of Mr. Secretary Pitt's letter to the northern 
and southern governors, of the 7th January last, the original of which goes en- 
closed, and whereby you will see that His Majesty, having nothing so much at 
heart as to improve the great and important advantages gained the last campaign 
in North America, and not doubting that all his faithful and brave subjects there, will 
continue most cheerfully to co-operate with, and second to the utmost, the large 
expense and extraordinary succors supplied by the kingdom of Great Britain for 
their preservation and future security, by completing the reduction of all Canada. 

And that His Majesty, not judging it expedient to Hmit the zeal and ardor of 
any of his provinces, by making a repartition of the Ibrce to be raised by each re- 
spectively, for this most important service ; he (Mr. Secretary Pitt,) was command 
ed tosignity to you the King's pleasure, that you do forthwith use your utmost endea- 
vors and influence with the Council and Assembly of your colony, to Induce them to 
raise with all possible despatch within your government, at least as large a body of 
men as they did for the last campaign, and even as many more as the number of 
its inhabitants may allow ; and forming the same into regiments, as far as shall be 
found convenient, that you do dli-ect them to hold themselves In readiness, as early 
as may be, to march to rendezvous at Albany, or such other place as His Majesty's 
commander in chief, in America, shall appoint. In order to proceed from thence, in 
conjunction with a body of the King's British forces, and under the supreme com- 
mand of His Majesty's said commander In chief, In America, so as to be in a situa- 
tion to begin the operations of the campaign, by the 1st of May, If possible, or as 
soon after as shall be any way practicable, by an Irruption Into Canada, In order 
to reduce Montreal, and all other posts belonging to the French in those pa.rts ; 



1760.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 245 

and further, to annoy the enemy in such manner as His Majesty's commander In 
chief shall, from his knowledge of the countries through which the war is to be 
carried, and from emergent circumstances not to be known in England, judge 
to be practicable. 

As the King's directions on the foregoing subject, are so fully stated In the above 
abstract, I have only to request that you would exert your utmost endeavors to in- 
cite and encourage your Assembly to the full and due execution of the King's com- 
mands, in a matter so essential to the future welfare and prosperity of the several 
provinces, and the success of the ensuing decisive, and (it Is greatly hoped,) last 
campaign in North Amei-Ica; which desirable ends cannot be better attained, 
than by commencing the operations as early as that shall be practicable. 

And that nothing may be left undone that it is possible for me to attempt, in the 
execution of His Majesty's commands, I must be lu-gent with you to quicken and 
expedite the levies of your colony, so that they may be assembled at the rendez- 
vous at Albany, by the 10th of April next, at farthest ; as the distances from that 
place to the frontiers are now so much greater than the preceding year, and con- 
sequently require a much earlier junction with His Majesty's troops, than it did 
then. 

I have also, In command from His Majesty, to recommend to you the collecting 
and putting into a proper condition, all the arms which can be any way rendered 
serviceable, or that can be found within your government, in order that the same 
may be employed so far as they will go. In this exigency. 

As a further reason for which, I refer you to my letter of the 16th of February, 
1759, and now offer you the same encouragement I did then, viz. : that for every 
one of such arms, as any of your men shall bring with them, and that may be 
spoiled or lost in actual service, I will pay at the rate of twenty-five shillings a fire- 
lock. 

Magazines of provisions shall also be established in the same manner, and at the 
same places as last year, to provide for your forces on their march to the rendez- 
vous ; officers shall likewise be appointed at those respective places, to pay them the 
four pences in Heu of provisions, from the days of their several enlistments, to that 
of their receiving the King's provisions ; and the same allowance that was made 
last year, for the transportation of those troops that shall be hereafter directed to 
come by water, shall also be made this. 

From all these several encouragements, and your known fidelity and attachment 
to His Majesty, I have no doubt of your exerting yourself to the utmost on this great 
occasion, where the future safety and welfare of America are so nearly concerned. 

I am, with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMHEKST. 

To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 



246 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1760. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport, the first Wednes- 
day of May, 1760. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

FREEMEN ADMITTED. 

Whereas, all and every of the persons whose names are in- 
serted in the subsequent roll, have taken the oath or affirmation 
prescribed by the law of this colony against bribery and cor- 
ruption in choosing public officers, as it appears by proper re- 
turns from the respective town clerks, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that they, and every of 
them be, and hereby are, admitted freemen of the colony and 
consequently may give their votes to choose officers, not only 
for their respective towns, but also in the choice of general 
officers. 

Newport — Robert Lillibridge, Robert Lillibridge, Jr., John 
Forrester, Caleb Godfrey, Jr., Nathan Bull, Thomas Robinson, 
Thomas Arnold, William Giles, Alanson Gibbs, James Card, 
Norbert Wigneron, Jr., Joseph Aborn, Ephraim Smith, Ichabod 
Potter, William Wanton, son of Joseph Wanton, Esq., Joseph 
Arnold, Joseph Huntington, David Bray ton, Caleb J offers, 
Jeremiah Hall, Samuel Brenton, James Brentoii, John Mawd- 
fley, James Weaver, Henry Gardner, Jr., and Gideon Davenport. 

Providence — George Rounds, Asa Fisk, Moses Brown, Joshua 
Spooner, Henry Starling, Samuel Wall, Ezek Eddy, Thomas 
Hammond, Nathan Arnold, Saunders Pitman, John Salisbury, 
Nathaniel Balch, Abraham Hawkins, Arthur Westcott, Benja- 
min Harding, Benjamin Brown, Barnabas Cary, Ebenezer 
Thompson, Benjamin Olney, Nathaniel Greene and Thomas 
Lindsey. 



1760.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 247 

Portsmouth — Joshua Allen, John Sheldon, James Greenman, 
Earl Westgate and Thomas Cook. 

Warwick — Olney Rice, William Keyes and William Colegrove. 
Westerly — Jesse Babcock, John Teft, Ebenezer Hall, John 
Lewis, John Brand, Sylvester Pendleton, John Varse, Ephraim 
Hiscox, Nathan Hiscox and Vv^illiam Gavit. 

New SJioreham — John Mott and Josiah Sheffield. 

North Kingstown — Fones Smith, James Smith, Ezekiel Gard- 
ner, Jr. and James Congdon, son of Joseph. 

South Kingstoivn — Thomas Smith, Samuel Haszard, Henry 
Williams, Caleb Chappel, Thomas Steadman, Jr. and Thomas 
Carpenter, Jr. 

East Greenwich — Peleg Weaver, Thomas Spencer, son of Ab- 
ner, Benjamin Spencer, son of William, and William Soule. 

Jamestoivn — Azariah Tew and Samuel Slocum, Jr. 

Smithjield — Daniel Read, Stephen Golthwayte, Jonathan 
Comstock, Philip Mowrey, Jr., Daniel Matthewson, Luke Ar- 
nold and Jacob Wilkinson. 

Scituate — John Potter, John Taylor, son of Thomas, Benja- 
min Carpenter, John Durfee, William Randall, Jeremiah Fisk, 
John Mowrey, Robert Baxter, Thomas Salisbury, Mason Hulet, 
Amos Hammond, the third, Samuel Sprague, Abner Wilbur, 
David Hopkins and John Bennett. 

Gbcester — Enos Eddy, Elijah Hawkins, Hosanna Brown, Jr., 
Joseph Harris, William Dean, John Grover, Edward Carpenter, 
Charles Aldrich, Dudley Wade, Samuel Thornton, Paul Whee- 
lock, William Martin, John Barns, Benajah Whipple, Eleazer 
Bowen, Jacob Walling, John Walling, Jr., John Aginton, Isaac 
Benson, Edward Inman, Jr., Joseph Barns, Benoni Tucker, Ar- 
nold Lewis, Jesse Brown and Thomas Thornton. 

Charlestoivn — Charles Church. 

West Greemvich — Robert Haszard, Jonathan Capron, Edward 
Burlison, Henry Sweet, Oliver Myus, Thomas Matteson, Jere- 
miah Austin, Ishmael Spink and Robert PLall. 

Coventry — Jeremiah Blanchard, William Osborn, Griffm Sweet 
and John Nichols. 



248 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1760. 

Exeter — Caleb Gardner, Jr., Oliver Colegrove, Job Babcock, 
Andrew Aldrich, Benoni Albro, Oliver Reynolds, Solomon 
Sprague, William James, Job Wilcox, Robert Wilcox, Pasko 
Austin, Jr., Samuel Weight, the third, Caleb Weeden, Ishmael 
Wilcox. Thomas Mumford, Oliver Reynolds and Jonathan Rey- 
nolds. 

Middletoivn — Salisbury Stoddard and Joseph Peckham. 

Bristol — Thomas Peck, Grindal Reynolds and Allen Usher. 

Tiverton — Jonathan Greenhill, Nathaniel Greenhill and Dan- 
iel Dwelly. 

Little Compton — Fobes Little, Jr., William Davenport and 
Joseph Salisbury. 

Warren — William Arnold^ John Petty, Benjamin IMiller, Jr., 
James Miller, Caleb Child, Samuel Kent, John Adams, Jr. and 
Elisha Phinney. 

Cimiberland — Christopher Shippee, Jonathan Nutting, Ben- 
jamin Goold, Isaac Kelly, Sf^muel Blanding, Nathaniel Goold, 
Daniel Miller, Jr., Ephraim Blanding and Roger Alexanders. 

Richmond — John Webb and Thomas Kinyon, Jr. 

Cranston — William Knight, Jr., John Sheldon, Philip Potter, 
Zuriel Waterman, Joseph Baker, Thomas Baker, Stephen Ar- 
nold and Jabez Burlingham. 

HojjJdnton — Benajah Slack, William Bennet, Benjamin Aus- 
tin, Nathan Tanner, Joshua Whitford, Israel Bromley, Joseph 
Collins, Simeon Babcock, Oliver Babcock, Jr., John Babcock, 
Joseph Babcock, Elias Burdick, Sylvanus Maxson and Caleb 
Ney. 

Johnston — William Latham, Samuel Henry, Thomas Gibbs, 
Israel Carpenter, John Colwell, Jr., Thomas Clements, Abraham 
Matthewson, Joseph Harris, Jesse Sprague, Daniel Hawkins 
and Caleb Vincent. 

The following officers, declared elected, were duly engaged : 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 



1760.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



249 



ASSISTANTS. 



Mr. James Honeyman, 
Mr. Nicholas Easton, 
Mr. Jabez Bowen, 
Mr. Nicholas Cooke, 
Mr. William Richmond, 



Mr. Jonathan Freeborn, 
Mr. Joseph Lippitt, 
Mr. Jonathan Randall, 
Mr. Francis Willet, 
Mr. Henry Gardner. 



NeivpoH. 
Mr. Gideon Wanton, Jr., 
]\Ir. Thomas Cranston, 
Mr. Peter Bours, 
Col. Joseph Wanton, 
Capt. Daniel Ayrault, 
Mr. William Read. 
Providence. 
Mr. Daniel Jenckes, 
Capt. Joseph Tarpin, 
Capt. Isaiah Hawkins, 
Capt. Stephen Rawson. 

Portsmouth. 
Mr. John Shearman, Jr. 
Mr. Thomas Brovvnell, 
Mr. William Earl, 
Mr. Restcome Sandford. 

}\arwick. 
Capt. Randall Rice, 
Mr. James Rhodes, 
Mr. Thomas Wickes, 
Major Henry Rice. 
Westerly. 
Mr. Joshua Babcock, 
Capt. Nathan Babcock. 

New Shoreham. 
Capt. Edward Sands. 
VOL. VI. 32 



DEPUTIES. 

North Kingstown. 
Col. Immanuel Northup, 
Capt. Daniel Fones. 

South Kingstown. 
Mr. Rowland Robinson, 
Lieut. Col. Joseph Haszard. 

East Greemvich. 
Major John Arnold, 
Major James Wightman. 

Jamestown. 
Mr. John Eldred, 
Mr. John Gardner. 
Smithjield. 
Mr. Thomas Arnold, 
Capt. Joseph Mowrej. 

Scituate. 
Capt. Job Randall, 
Mr. William West. 
Glocester. 
Mr. Richard Steere, 
Mr. Silas Williams. 
Charlestoivn. 
Col. Christopher Champlin, 
Capt. Robert Potter. 

West Greenwich. 
Mr. Preserved Hall, 
Mr. Pardon Tillinghast. 



250 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND 



[1760. 



DEPUTIES. 



Coventry. 
Mr. Caleb Greene, 
Lieut. Col. Stephen Potter. 

Exeter. 
Capt. John Reynolds, 
Mr. Job Tripp. 

Middletown. . 
Mr. Samuel Baley, 
Mr. John Clarke. 

Bristol 
Mr. Simon Davis, 
Capt. Joseph Reynolds. 

Tiverton. 
Mr. Samuel Durfee, . 
Mr. Philip Tabor. 

Little Compton. 
Mr. William Hall, 
Capt. Benjamin Simmons. 



Warren. 
Major Josiah Humphrey, 
Mr. Ebenezer Cole. 
Cumberland. 
Mr. Jeremiah Whipple, 
Mr. John Dexter. 
Richmond. 
Mr. Samuel Teft, 
Major Richard Bailey. 

Cranston. 
Capt. Richard Searle, Jr., 
Mr. Joseph Harris. 
Hopliinton. 
Major Joshua Clarke, 
Capt. Edward Wells, Jr. 

Johnston. 
Mr. Henry Harris, 
Mr. Richard Fenner. 



Thomas Cranston, Esq., speaker, and Josias Lyndon, Esq., 
clerk. 



Mr. Thomas Ward, secretary. 
Mr. Augustus Johnson, attorney general. 
Mr. Thomas Richardson, general treasurer. 
The Hon. John Gardner, chief justice of the superior court 
of judicature, court of assize and general jail delivery. 



SHERIFFS OF THE SEVERAL COUNTIES. 

Newport county, Mr. George Gardner. Providence coun- 
ty, Mr. Allen Brown. Kings county, Mr. Beriah Brown. 
Bristol county, Mr. Nathaniel Bos worth. Kent county, Mr. 
Stephen Arnold. 



1760.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 251 



FIELD OFFICERS OP THE SEVERAL COUNTIES. 

Newport county, Mr. Joseph Wanton, Jr., colonel ; Job Ben- 
nett, lieutenant colonel ; and Benjamin Sherburne, major. 

Providence county, Mr. John Andrews, colonel; Barzillai 
Richmond, lieutenant colonel ; and John Augell, major. 

Kings county, Mr. Joseph Haszard, colonel ; Joseph Stan- 
ton, lieutenant colonel ; and George Wightman, major. 

Bristol county, Mr. Thomas Greene, colonel ; Nathaniel 
Pearce, lieutenant colonel ; James Humphrey, major. 

Kent county, Mr. Benoni Waterman, colonel ; James Ar- 
nold, lieutenant colonel ; and James Wightman, major. 



COMMITTEE OF WAR. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor, Daniel Jenckes, Thomas 
Cranston, Peter Bours, Joseph Haszard, Nathan Rice, Abra- 
ham Smith, Nicholas Gardner and Thomas Greene, Esqs. 

Whereas, His Honor the Governor hath laid before this As- 
sembly, a letter from His Excellency the Governor of the 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay, setting forth the great ca- 
lamity of the unhappy persons that suffered by the late great 
fire in the town of Boston, and requesting His Honor to recom- 
mend it unto the people of this government, to contribute to- 
wards the relief of the aforesaid unhappy sufferers, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that His Honor the Gov- 
ernor be, and hereby is, requested to issue a proclamation as 
soon as conveniently may be, and recommend unto every con- 
gregation of Christians in this colony, the relieving the above 
mentioned distressed persons, by way of contribution; and that 
whatever shall be collected, be delivered to His Honor the 
Governor, who is desired to transmit the same unto the select 
men of the town of Boston. 



252 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1760. 

An Act for printing £10,000, lawful money, to pay off the 

troops, and get them to Albany ; and the sum of £1,000, of 

the like money, to carry on the building of the court house 

in Providence. 

Whereas, there was emitted, the 10th day of March last, the 
sum of £16,000, in bills of credit, called lawful money, for rais- 
ing, equipping, and paying one thousand able bodied, effective 
men, to proceed on an expedition against His Majesty's ene- 
mies still remaining in North America ; and there is still 
wanting a large sum to pay off the troops, and get them to Al- 
bany, the place of rendezvous ; and whereas, the general treas- 
ury is destitute of money, which is absolutely necessary, for the 
purposes, aforesaid, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly^, and by 
the authority of the same it is enacted, that the sum of £10- 
000, in the bills of credit called lawful money, be forthwith 
struck off from types. 

And be it further enacted, that the sum of £1,000, in the 
bills of credit called lawful money, be made for the carrying 
on the building of the court house in the county of Providence, 
and delivered unto the committee appointed to build the said 
house ; and that the said sum of £1,000, be printed, signed 
and sunk in the same manner with the aforesaid £10,000. 

Whereas, Henry Wall, of North Kingstown, in the county of 
Kings county, and colon}% aforesaid, and Thomas Haszard, of 
Newport, in the county of Newport, in the said colony, mer- 
chants, preferred a petition, and represented unto this Assem- 
bly, that they, at their own costs and charges, equipped a pri- 
vate ship of war, against His Majesty's enemies, under the 
command of Capt. Abel Michiner ; that the said ship, in her 
cruise, took a vessel belonging to th3 subjects of the French 
king, and brought her into the port of Newport, aforesaid, with 
eleven men, subjects of the said French king, who are now 
prisoners of war, in Newport, aforesaid, and supported at the 
sole expense of the petitioners ; whereupon, they prayed that 
they might be permitted to fit out and send a vessel with a 
flag of truce, to carry the aforesaid eleven Frenchmen to the 



1760.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 253 

West Indies, and there deliver them unto the commander in 
chief of such port or place, as they shall send to. 

And the subject matter of the petition, aforesaid, being duly 
inquired into, and considered, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same, that the prayer of the said Henry Wall 
and Thomas Haszard, in their aforesaid petition made, be, and 
the same is hereby, granted ; provided, that they cause so 
many English prisoners to be brought back unto Newport, as 
the vessel they send will carry ; provided, also, that the vessel 
to be sent be under the same regulations and restrictions with 
others going to the colonies, ports or harbors of the enemy, 
with a flag of truce. 

God save the King. 

General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Albany, 11th May, 1760. 
Sir : — I arrived here on the 8th instant, and none of the jsrovincial forces being 
yet arrived, although the season is so far advanced, and so proper to begin the ope- 
rations of the campaign ; I cannot defer renewing to you, my most pressing in- 
stance, that if, upon the receipt hereof, all the troops of your province are not in 
motion, and on their way hither, (for I will not doubt but most of them are,) that 
you will immediately, without loss of time, cause them to begin their march, and to 
proceed hither without delay ; as every moment that detains them from this, is a 
great backwardness to the general service, which at this present time, wants and 
requires to be improved to the utmost. 

I am, with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMHERST. 
To His Excellency Governor Hopkins. 



254 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1760. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly^ held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, on the second 
Monday, of June, 11 ^{). 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, the General Assembly, at their session, begun and 
holden at South Kingstown, on Monday, the 25th of February 
last, made and passed "An act for raising $1,000, by a lottery, 
in order to purchase a certain lot of land in the town of Provi- 
dence, whereon to erect a court house ;" and whereas, the di- 
rectors of the said lottery find it extremely difficult to dispose 
of tickets for dollars, and in all probability, if the lottery should 
continue in the same circumstances, it will occasion a great de- 
lay in the sale of the tickets, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority of the same, it is enacted, that the directors of 
the lottery aforesaid, be, and they are hereby, authorized and 
empowered to dispose of the said tickets at, and after the rate 
of £9, old tenor ; and that the prizes be also reduced to old 
tenor, at. and after the rate of £6 for each dollar ; and that 
they also express upon every ticket before sale, that the bene- 
fit tickets will be paid off in old tenor, at the rate, aforesaid. 

In answer to the motion of His Honor the Governor, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee of war, shall, 
within six days after the rising of this Assembly, deliver His 
Honor the exactest and truest account they can, of the bounty 
and expense paid the seamen, by the colony, furnished unto 
His Majesty's fleet last year ; and also of the number of troops 
raised by this government for the last campaign, and the ex- 
pense of levying, paying and clothing them ; that the Governor 
may be enabled to write and inform the agent, and to direct 
him to make application for an allowance from the crown. 

God save the King. 



1760.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 255 



Proceedings of the General Assemhli/, held for the Colon?/ of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Netvport, on thelWi day 
of August, 1760. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that £250, old tenor, be allowed 
and paid out of the general treasury, unto the person that shall 
bring the money granted by the crown, from the city of New 
York, to Newport, aforesaid. 

It is voted and resolved, that Lieut. Col. Job Bennett and 
Mr. John Wanton, son of Gideon, be, and they are hereby, ap- 
pointed a committee, to build the market house, with stores 
over it, in Newport, for which a lottery was granted in Febru- 
ary last ; provided, that the same be done without any charge 
to the colony ; and that the said committee be careful not to 
proceed to the building said house until the directors of the 
said lottery are fully satisfied that they shall be able to raise 
money enough to finish the same, and shall give orders accord- 
ingly. 

Whereas, Thomas Arnold, Esq., exhibited unto this Assem- 
bly, an account by him charged against the colony, for sundry 
journies by him made into the Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay, to wit : 

Unto the towns of Mendon, Medway, Medfield, Dedham, 
Bellingham and Wrentham, to search the ancient records of 
those towns, and taking copies of some of them, in order to 
prepare a state of the case respecting the boundary line be- 
tween this colony and the said province ; for a journey by him 
made to Hartford in the colony of Connecticut, to meet with a 
committee of that government, and for his horse hire and 
expenses, in the said journies ; and the said account being 
duly examined, — 



256 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1760. 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, al- 
lowed ; and that £'196, the amount thereof, be paid the said 
Thomas Arnold, Esq., out of the general treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that the general treasurer be, and 
he is hereby, directed and fully empowered to employ two men 
to guard his house, at the government's expense, in order to 
secure the money granted by the crown, unto this colony, not 
exceeding fourteen nights, after that he shall have received 
the same ; and that the general treasurer, upon his receiving 
said money, immediately give public notice thereof, in the 
Newport Mercury, so that all persons unto whom the colony is 
indebted, may come in and receive what is due unto them, 
agreeably to the act of Assembly, made and passed at South 
Kingstown, on Monday, the 25th of February last. 

An Act regulating the general election. 

Whereas, it is found, by long experience, that the freemen 
going to Newport, to put in their votes for general officers, at 
the election, is very injurious to the interest and public weal 
of the colony, and occasions a very great loss of peoples' 
time, at a season of the year when their labor is abundantly 
necessary for preparing the ground, and planting the seed ; on 
which the produce of the whole summer must depend ; and as 
all the ends of voting for general officers may be as fully at- 
tained, by the freemens' patting in their proxy votes at the 
town meeting in their own towns, appointed by law for that 
purpose, agreeably to the ancient and laudable custom of most 
of the prudent freemen, — 

Therefore, be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof it is enacted, that for the future, every 
freeman, who is disposed to give his suffrage for the election of 
general officers in this colony, shall do it by putting in a proxy 
vote, in the town meeting in the town to which he belongs, on 
the third Wednesday in April next preceding the general elec- 
tion, agreeably to the law, and well known custom of proxing; 
and no freeman shall be permitted to vote for general officers. 



1760.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 257 

at the general election, held at Newport, on the first Wednes- 
day in May, but only such as be members of the Assembly. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
no person in this colony, for the future, shall vote and act as a 
freeman, in any case, whatsoever, but such only, who at the 
time of voting, shall be truly and really possessed of land or 
real estate, to be valued and determined agreeably to the for- 
mer laws, of the full value of £40, lawful money, or that will 
rent yearly for forty shillings, lawful money, or the eldest 
son of such a freeman ; that every person newly admitted free 
of any town, shall be admitted to put in his proxy vote for gen- 
eral officers, at the town meeting at his own town ; and such 
of them as shall be admitted freemen of the colony, by the 
General Assembly, their proxies shall be received and num- 
bered at the general election ; and such as shall not be so 
admitted free by the Assemblj^, shall be rejected and thrown 
out. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, chose 
the following officers, to wit : 

James Arnold, Jr., Esq., colonel of the regiment of militia, in 
the county of Kent ; James Wightman, 'Ks'^., lieutenant colonel ; 
and John Waterman, Esq., major of the same. 

It is voted and resolved, that Martin Howard, Jr. and John 
Grelea, Jr., Esqs., be joined with His Honor the Governor and 
Augustus Johnston, Esq., in revising the laws of the colony. 

God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly held for the Colony of 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the 
last Wednesday in Odoher, 1760. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, His Honor the Governor presented unto this As- 
sembly, the muster rolls of the regiments raised by this gov- 
voL. VI. 33 



268 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1760- 

ernment, for the campaigns of this and the last year, to be laid 
before His Excellency General Amherst * to obtain payment of 
the four pence per day, allowed by the crown, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that His Honor the Gov- 
ernor be, and he is hereby, requested forthwith to empower 
Col. Henry Babcock, to wait on the general with the said mus- 
ter rolls, in order to receive what is due thereon to the colony, 
in cash, if possible ; but if that be not to be had, then in bills. 

Whereas, Mr. George Lawton, keeper of His Majesty's jail 
in Newport, exhibited unto this Assembly, an account charged 
by him against the colony, for the board, &c., of Samuel 
Parcks and Benjamin Hawkins, who were lately executed at 
said Newport, for piracy, robbery and felony, done and com- 
mitted upon the high seas ; and the said account being duly 
examined, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
allowed ; and that £43 85., the amount thereof, be paid the 
said George Lawton, out of the general treasury. 

Whereas, sundry of the regiment, last raised in this colony, 
for His Majesty's service, did not march out of the government ; 
and others left the regiment, before its anival at Albany, — 

[* Jeffrey, 1st Baron Amheust, was bm-n January 29, 1 71 7. In early years, 
eTincing a fondness for the military profession, he entered the army and distin- 
guished himself in several battles. In 175'6, he became colonel of the 15th regi- 
ment of foot. On the recall of Lord Loudoun, he was appointed by Mr. Pitt to com- 
mand the expedition to Louisbourg. In 1 758, he superceded Gen. Abercromby, as 
commander in chief of all His Majesty's forces in America. He became major 
general in 1 759, in which year he received the thanks of the House of Commons for 
his services, accompanied by the sinecure ofRce of governor of Virginia. On the 
8th September, 17G0, he signed the capitulation of Montreal, and was made gov- 
ernor general of Canada. In 1761, he was raised to the rank of heutenant gen- 
eral ; and soon after, was created Knight of the Bath, and a member of the privy 
council. He vigorously opposed the American stamp act, and in consequence, lost 
his sinecure office as governor of Virginia. He received other civil and military 
appointments and was in 1796 made a field marshal. He died in 1797, in the 
eighty-first year of liis age. 

Gen. Amherst was twice married, but left no issue. He had two brothers, one 
an admiral of the blue, the other a lieutenant general. A son of the latter, suc- 
ceeded him, as Baron Amherst, of Montreal. A large number of his letters to the 
Governors of Rhode Island, are preserved among the public archives of the State. 
—J. R. B.] 



1760.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 259 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the committee of war, 
call upon all such persons to refund what money they received 
from the colony ; and upon refusal, or neglect of payment, to 
sue for the same ; and that every person, who at any time de- 
serted from the said regiment, be taken up, and prosecuted ac- 
cording to law. 

It is voted and resolved, that Thursday, the 20th day of 
the next month, be observed as a day of general thanksgiving 
throughout this colony, for the success of His Majesty's arms, 
in the reduction of Canada ; and His Honor the Governor, is 
requested to issue a proclamation, accordingly, and therein for- 
bid all servile labor on the day. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same, it is enacted, that all the officers and sol- 
diers now in the pay of this government, be disbanded by 
proclamation, to be issued by His Honor the Governor, at the 
end of fifteen days after they shall have received their dis- 
charge from the general, with orders for marching home ; ex- 
cepting such as shall make it appear to the committee of war, 
that they have been detained by sickness, or some other una- 
voidable accident ; and that all the officers and soldiers who 
have left the regiment, since its arrival at Albany, shall not re- 
ceive their wages, until they shall produce to the committee 
of war, proper furloughs, or certificates, from their commanding 
officers, that they had full liberty for leaving the regiment ; 
and that the committee of war pay all the wages they shall 
find to be due to the officers and soldiers, at the time they shall 
be disbanded ; and that the whole of the tax now collecting 
and paying into the general treasury, be appropriated to the 
paying off the officers and soldiers ; and that the money re- 
maining in the treasury, when that shall be completed, be ap- 
plied to the paying the other charges of the expedition. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be, 
and hereby is, requested to issue, forthwith, a proclamation, 
prohibiting the inhabitants of this colony, and all others resid- 
ing within the same, from trading, or having any commerce 
with the subjects of the French king, durin;^ the continuance 



260 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1760. 

of the present war ; and .if any presume to transgress, he or 
they shall be be punished with the utmost severity. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be, 
and he hereby is, requested, with the advice and consent of the 
honorable the upper house, to write an answer to the letter of 
Mr. Secretary Pitt, and lay a copy thereof before this Assem- 
bly, at their next session. 

God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assembli/, held for the Colony of lihode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the 31 6/ day 
of December, 1760. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, Henry 
Ward was chosen secretary for the remaining part of the year, 
in the room of Thomas Ward, Esq., deceased. 

Whereas, a number of the soldiers in the service of this colo- 
ny, did, after the reduction of Montreal, desert or leave the 
regiment, without liberty, and thereby forfeited their wages ; 
and whereas, many of the said soldiers, are under age, whose 
parents and masters were no ways privy to their deserting, and 
others are very poor, and their families necessitous, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that all the soldiers, who con. 
tinned in the service until the surrender of Montreal, shall be 
entitled to wages until the time of their leaving the regiment ; 
and that they^ their parents or masters, respectively, shall be 
paid the same, upon their producing to some one of the com- 
mittee of war, a certificate from one of the commissioned offi- 
cers of the company to which he belonged, of the time of his 
leaving^the camp. 

Whereas, the money raising by the two classes of a lottery 



1760.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 261 

granted by the General Assembly, for purchasing a lot of land 
in Providence, on which to erect the court house, will be insuf- 
ficient for that purpose, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the directors of said lottery, or 
the major part of them, be, and they are hereby, empowered to 
set forth a third class of the said lottery, in the same manner, 
in every respect, with the other classes ; and that if the money 
which shall be raised thereby, shall be more than sufficient to 
pay for said lot, the surplusage thereof, after the reasonable 
charges attending said lottery, are 'deducted, shall be appropri- 
ated towards building said court house. 

Whereas, complaint hath been made to this Assemblv, that 
the sutler, who supplied the regiment in the service of this 
colony, the last campaign, hath charged the officers and sol- 
diers more than the general orders given out from time to time 
in the camp, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the committee of war, 
when they shall pay the wages of the officers and soldiers^ 
shall inspect the sutler's accounts, and whatever they shall find 
charged to any officers or soldiers, at a higher rate than the 
general orders given out for the places where tliey have, from 
time to time been, shall be deducted out of his account ; and 
that whenever any officer or soldier shall require it, the sutler 
shall be obliged to make oath to the truth of his account. 

God sav€ the King. 

Piihlic Acts passed during the year 1760. 

[The following public laws, in addition to those jJi'JQted in these Records, were 
passed during the year 1760, and will be found (unless previously repealed) in 
the volume of Public Laws, printed in the year 1767.] 

An Act augmenting the duties on vessels, for the better support of the light house. 

(February.) 
An additional Act for the establishing of inferior courts of common pleas. (Feb- 
ruary.) 
An Act for the encouragement of deserters to retui'u to their duty, and to prevent 

desertion for the future. (February.) 
An Act for printing £10,000, lawful money, to pay off the troops, and get them to 

Albany ; and £1,000, of the like money, to carry on the building of the court 

house, in Providence. (May.) 



262 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1760. 

An Act to prevent disjjutes concerning the attachment of goods or lands, In civil 

cases. (June.) 
An Act to prevent the laying vessels to, and lading and nnlading wood, or heavy 

wares or merchandise, on the bridge, over Opponaug river. (June.) 
An Act to empower the marshals of the court of vice admiralty, in this colony, to 

call special courts. (June.) 
An Act apportioning unto and upon the several towns in this colony, the rate of 

tax, lately ordered to be assessed upon the inhabitants of the same. (June.) 

[The money raised by this act, amounting to £l.5,747, was for the purpose of 
paying off the troops engaged in the Canada expedition.] 

An Act augmenting the Avages of the town sergeants, and other waiters on the Gen- 
eral Assembly, superior and inferior courts. (August.) 
An Act to augment the fees of the attorney general. (August.) 
An Act for reviving the superior court of judicature, court of assize, &c., in the 

county of Newport. (August.) 
An Act to enable the ministers, church wardens and vestrymen of St. Paul's 

Church, in North Kingstown, to make disposition of a dwelling house and about 

fifteen acres of land, situated in said town. (October.) 
An Act to empower the directors of lotteries and town treasurers, to call special 

courts. (December.) 
An Act to naturalize James Lucena, formerly of Portugal. (December.) 

Secrdary Pitt to the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

Whitehall, 17th December, 1700. 

Sir : — His Majesty, having nothing so much at heart, as by the most vigorous- 
prosecution of the war, to reduce the enemy to the necessity of accepting a peace 
on terms of glory and advantage to His Majesty's crown, and beneficial, in particu- 
lar, to his subjects in America ; and as nothing can so effectually contribute to that 
great and essential object, as the King's being enabled to employ, as immediately 
as may be, such part of the regular forces in North Amei-Ica, as may be adequate 
to some great and Important enterprise against the enemy ; I am commanded to 
signify to you the King's pleasure, that in order the better to provide for the full 
and entire security of His Majesty's dominions in North America, and particularly 
of the possession of His Majesty's conquests there, during the absence of such part 
of the regular forces, you do forthwith use your utmost endeavors and Intluence 
with the Council and Assembly of your province, to Induce them to raise with all 
possible despatch, wltliin your government, two-thirds of the number of men, they 
raised for the last campaign ; and, forming the same into regiments as far as shall 
be found convenient, that you do direct them to hold themselves in readiness, and 
particularly as much earlier than former years as may be, to march to such place 
or places, in North America, as His Majesty's commander in chief there, shall ap- 
point, in order to be employed there, under the supreme command of His Majesty's 
said commander in chief. In America, in such manner as he shall judge most con- 
ducive for the King's service. 

And the better to facilitate this important service, the King Is pleased to leave 
it to you to Issue commissions to such gentlemen of your province, as you shall 
judge, frarn their weight and credit with the people, and thair zeal for the public 



1760.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIOKS. 263 



service, may be best disposed, and able to quicken and effectuate the speedy levy- 
ing of the. greatest number of men ; in the disposition of which commissions, I am 
persuaded you will have nothing in view but the good of the King's service, and a 
due subordination of the whole to His Majesty's commander in chief; and all offi- 
cers of the provincial forces, as high as colonels inclusive, are to have rank accord- 
ing to their several respective commissions, agreeably to the regulations contained 
in His late Majesty's warrant of the 30th December, 1757, which is renewed by His 
present Majesty. 

The King is further pleased to furnish all the men, so raised as above, with arms, 
ammunition and tents, as well as to order provisions to be issued to the same, by 
His Majesty's commissaries, in the same proportion and manner as is done to the 
rest of the King's forces. 

The whole, therefore, that His Majesty expects and requires from the several 
provinces, is, the levying, clothing and pay of the men ; and on these heads also, 
that no encouragement may be wanting to this great and salutary service, the 
King is further most graciously pleased to permit me to acquaint you, that strong 
recommendations will be made to Parliament, in their session next year, to grant a 
proper compensation for such expenses as above, according as the active vigor and 
strenuous efforts of the respective provinces shall justly appear to merit. 

It is His Majesty's pleasure that you do, with particular diHgence, immediately 
collect, and put into the best condition, all the arms issued last campaign, which 
can be any ways rendered serviceable, or that can be found within your govern- 
ment, in order that the same may be again employed for His Majesty's service. 

I am further to inform you that similar orders are sent, by this conveyance, 
to Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, Connecticut, New York and New Jersey i 
the southern governments are also directed to raise men in the same manner, to be 
employed in such offensive operations as the circumstances and situation of the 
enemy's posts, and the state and disposition of the Indian nations, on that side, may 
point out and require. 

It Is unnecessary to add any thing to animate your zeal In the execution of His 
Majesty's orders In this important conjuncture, which Is finally to fix the future 
safety and welfare of America, and of your own province, in particular ; and the 
King doubts not, from your known fidelity and attachment, that you will employ 
yourself with the utmost appHcatlon and despatch. In this promising and decisive 
crisis. I am, et., W. PITT. 

To the Governor and Company, of Rhode Island. 



Governor HopJcins to Secreicm/ Pitt. 

Rhode Island, December 20th, 1760. 
Sir • — Your letter of the 23d of August last, complaining of an illegal and perni- 
cious trade carried on by the King's subjects in North America and the West In- 
dies ; and also containing His Majesty's commands to the colonies, that they make 
strict and diligent inquiry into the state of this trade, use every means In their 
power to discover the persons concerned in it, and bring the offenders to condign 
punishment ; and from time to time transmit to Your Excellency, for the King's 
information, full and particular accounts of the progress we shall have made in 
the execution of these His Majesty's command, hath been received by the cole* 



264 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1760. 

ny of Rhode Island. In conformity thereto, I am directed by the General Assem- 
bly of said colony, to give you a true account of all that has come to theh- know- 
ledge, relative to the several matters contained in your letter. 

The colony of Rhode Island, though very small, hath always carried on a consid- 
erable trade by sea ; and on the breaking out of the present war, many of the mer- 
chants changed the course of their common trade, into that of privateering; so that 
there hath been already about fifty privateers fitted out from hence. This, in 
course, hath brought a large number of French prisoners into the colony, which 
must have been too great a burthen on it, had they been continued in it during the 
whole time of the war ; and as no other method is known in any of these planta- 
tions, in America, of disburthening themselves of French prisoners brought in by 
privateers, and of procuring the liberty of their own people, in much greater num- 
bers in captivity among the French, but by commissioning of vessels as flags of 
truce, to go to the French islands to carry the prisoners, and in return bring our 
own home. 

For this purpose, this colony have passed a law, enacting that at any time when 
there are fifteen or more French prisoners in the colony, if any merchant, or other 
person, will undertake to carry them to some of the French islands, and bring as 
many of our own people, prisoners there, home, at his own expense, the Governor 
shall grant a commission for that purpose. 

By the same act, persons of undoubted character were appointed to examine 
every vessel designed for this ser\dce, who, after she is prepared for the voyage, 
and before the commission is granted, repair on board, where every thing being 
examined, they make an inventory thereof, signed with their names, and duly 
sworn to before a magistrate, and certify * * * * particularly that no kind 
of warlike stores are on board, or more provisions of every kind than are barely 
sufficient to victual the vessel's crew and prisoners, during the voyage. The cer- 
tificate so made and attested, is lodged in the secretary's office. 

The said act further rec^uires, previous to granting the commission, that the cap- 
tain who is going the voyage, with two sureties of sufficient estates, become bound 
to the King in the sum of £1,000, sterling, that he hath not, neither will afterwards 
take or suffer to come on board of his vessel, any thing whatsoever, except the par- 
ticulars only, named in the above mentioned certificate ; and that he will, in all 
things during his voyage, conform to, and govern himself, as directed by his com- 
mission. 

Agreeably to this law, commissions have lieen granted to about thirty vessels, 
mostly small sloops, who have gone among the French islands, chielly Hispaniola, 
and only two to any part of the continent. 

Thus far, and no farther, hath this colony given permission for any intercourse 
with the French, of either the islands or the continent ; and in so doing, did not ap- 
prehend they transgiessed any law whatsoever. And I think it may safely be af- 
firmed, that no provisions for sale, or any warlike stores have gone from this colony 
among the French during this war, by any permission or connivance of any authority 
or officer in it. Such vessels as have been allowed to go those voyages, in the 
manner before related, have indeed carried lumber, and dry goods of British manu- 
facture, to sell to the F'rench. and in return liDve Ijrnught back some sugars, but 
mostly molasses. 

Yet it must be confessed, that 'tis highly probable that some vessels from this 
colony, as well as from others, have taken in cargoes under pretence of being 



1761.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 265 

bound to Jamaica, and have regularly cleared out at the custom house, and all 
other offices, as though really intending for that island ; but after their departure, 
have deviated from the voyage pretended, and have put into some of the French 
ports in Hispaniola, where the French have admitted them to trade. 

This method of illicit trade cannot be known till after the mischief is effected, 
as 'tis impossible to know beforehand who intend to pursue the voyage agreeably 
to law, and who design to deviate from it ; and if any of those vessels return into this 
colony with cargoes of French produce, their own safety compels them to secrete 
their iniquitous practices in such a manner that it may never come to the knowledge 
■of any of the officers of the colony, by whom they are sure to be prosecuted, should 
they be discovered. But I believe very few, if any of them, have been so successful 
as to return ; for of those illicit traders, as well as others, the King's ships in the West 
Indies have taken a severe revenge ; for on examining those vessels, and finding 
them liable to confiscation, they have also seized those which have been permitted to 
make these voyages agreeably to the first above mentioned conditions, and have 
involved the whole in the same inevitable ruin. This has induced them to take 
one step further, and to seize all the northern English vessels trading to Monti 
Christi, a Spanish neutral port, to which it hath always been thought lawful to 
trade, provided nothing prohibited by law was carried thither ; and accordingly 
vessels have been cleared out for that port, from all the custom houses in North 
America. 

And here permit me, sir, to observe, that as all vessels under the three above 
mentioned circumstances, have been promiscuously condemned as lawful prizes to 
the King's ships who have seized them, both at Jamaica and New Providence ; and 
from such decrees of condemnation as concerned those of the first and tliird de- 
nomination, appeals have been taken, and are now depending before the lords 
commissioners for hearing appeals ; in all which cases, the commanders of the 
King's ships are parties, and have a vast interest depending, they must have been 
induced to set these matters in a partial and bad light, both against the parties 
immediately concerned, and the colonies to which they belong, lest they should in- 
terest themselves in favor of their own inhabitants. 

I am, &c., &c., STEPHEN HOPKINS. 

To the Right Honorable WilUam Pitt, Esq. 



Proceedings of the G-eneral Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at East Greemvich, the 2Sd 
day of February f 1761. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that the act laying a fine on the 
members of the house of deputies, for not attending on the Geiir 

VOL. VL 34 



266 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1761. 

eral Assembly, of forty shillings, for the first day, and twenty 
shillings for every day after the first, be, and the same is here- 
by, repealed, and rendered null and void. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be, 
and he is hereby, requested to procure His Majesty's proclama- 
tion for establishing all the officers in this colony who were ap- 
pointed in the reign of the late King George the Second of 
blessed and glorious memory ; and also the order of His Maj- 
esty in council, altering the form of prayer in the liturgy, for 
the royal family, to be printed in the Newport Mercury .='== 



* The funeral ceremonies for King George the 2d, &c., took place in Newport, 
on the 19th of January, 1761 ; an account of which, we here copy from the New- 
port Mercury, printed at the time. 

" Yesterday, by order of authority, His Most Sacred Majesty George the Third, 
was proclaimed King of Great Britain, &c., amidst the joyful acclamation of several 
thousands of his most loyal and faithful subjects of the colony of Rhode Island. 

To express a just and becoming concern at the death of the best of Kings, His 
late illustrious Majesty George the Second, of blessed glorious memory, at nine in 
the morning, the four companies of militia, and the troop of horse, belonging to the 
town of Newport, met at the court house; from whence they marched in military 
mourning, to the house of Dr. Edward Ellis, at the lower end of Thames street, 
where were assembled the magistrate and principal gentlemen ot the town. Half 
after ten, minute guns begun and continued firing from Fort George ; and between 
eleven and twelve, the procession began in the following order : 

First, four youngest sergeants marched with their halberds covered with black 
and reversed ; then, the private men, four abreast, with their arms reversed ; four 
drummers, with their drums covered with black ; four ensigns, with their colors 
wrapped in black ; four lieutenants ; then, four captains, all with their pikes covered 
with black, and reversed ; after them, the field officers, and the high sheriff of the 
colony, as herald-at-arms ; next to him, marched (between two files of the troop of 
horse,) His Honor the Deputy Governor and the other civil officers, and a consid- 
erable number of merchants and gentlemen, many of them in close mourning, who 
closed the procession ; and then, by the time they arrived at the court house, the 
minute guns, In number seventy-seven, ceased firing ; immediately upon which, the 
high sheriff pronounced with an audible voice, from the court house, the following 
proclamation, viz. : 

' Whereas, it hath pleased Almighty God, to call to his mercy, our late sovereign 
lord King George the IL, of blessed and glorious memory ; by Avhose decease, the 
imperial crown of Great Brltaly, France and Ireland, also the supreme dominion 
and sovereign right of the colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, In 
New England, and all other His late Majesty's dominion in America, are solely and 
rightfully come to the high and mighty Prince George, Prince of Wales; we, 
therefore, the Governor and Company, associated with numbers of the principal 



1761.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 267 

Whereas, James Lucena, (late a subject of the king of Por- 
tugal, but now a naturalized citizen,) of Newport, in the county 
of Newport, merchant, preferred a petition and represented un- 
to this Assembly, that he hath acquired from the king's manu- 
factory in Portugal, the true method of making soap of the 
same kind and quality as that made in Castile, in Spain, and 
called Castile soap ; that he proposes to set up the manufacto- 
ry thereof, in this colony ; that the procuring one of the chief 
materials will employ many poor people, and the manufactory 
be otherwise highly beneficial to the public, by furnishing a 
great and valuable article of commerce, which may be exported 
to all parts of the continent, to the West Indies, &c. ; and 
thereupon prayed this Assembly to pass an act, granting him 
the sole privilege of making and vending the said Castile soap, 
for the terra of ten years from the rising of this Assembly, and 
prohibit all other persons whatsoever, from making soap during 
that term, of the same new materials which he proposes to use^ 
under such penalties as may be sufficient to secure the busi- 



inhabitants of this colony and plantation, do now hereby, with one full voice and 
consent of tongue and heart, publish and proclaim that the High and Mighty 
Prince George, Prince of Wales, now by the death of our late sovereign, of happy 
and glorious memory, become our only lawful and rightful sovereign, liege lord 
George the Third, by the grace of God, King of Great Britain, France and Ire- 
land, Defender of the Faith, supreme lord of the said colony of Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations, and all other His late Majesty's territories and dominions 
in America ; to whom we do acknowledge all faith and constant obedience, with 
all hearty and humble affection ; beseeching God, by whom kings and queens do 
reign, to bless the royal King George the Third, with long and happy years to reign 
over us. God save the King.' 

Upon finishing which, three huzzas were given, the ensigns displayed, three vol- 
lies fired from the militia; and the royal military officers, with a great number of 
gentlemen, repaired to the Council chamber, where the ceremony concluded with 
drinking the King's, and all the royal healths. The whole was conducted with a 
decorum becoming the great and solemn occasion. 

This day, an excellent sermon was preached on the death of His late Majesty, 
by the Reverend Mr. Ezra Stiles, to a crowded audience (among which was His 
Honor the Deputy Governor, with the civil and military officers,) at his meeting 
house, the pulpit being hung in mourning, from 1 Chron. chap. 29: ver. 26, 27, 28. 
' Thus David, the son of Jesse, reigned over all Israel : thirty-three years reigned 
he in Jerusalem. And he died in a good old age, full of days, riches and honor.' " 



268 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1761. 

ness of the petitioner ; and the said James Lucena further rep- 
resented, that he did not mean thereby to exclude others from 
making any kind of soap now usually made in this colony, but 
only such as might, from his example, be induced to make it 
with his new materials, which were never used in this colony ; 
on consideration whereof, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that the prayer of the said 
James Lucena be, and the same is hereby, granted, upon con- 
dition that he proceed upon the manufactory, aforesaid, within 
two years from the rising of this Assembly ; and that at the 
end or expiration of the above mentioned term of ten years, he 
discover the secret or mystery of the said business or manufac- 
ture, to the General Assembly of this colony, or to such person 
or persons as shall be by them appointed to receive the same, 
upon the penalty of £1,000, sterling. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
no other person or persons, whatsoever, within this colony, shall 
presume to set up or follow the said business during the afore- 
said term often years, upon the penalty of £1,000, sterling. 

Whereas, a number of the inhabitants of the town of New- 
port, preferred a petition, and represented unto this Assembly, 
that the lower end of Thames street, in said town, being very 
muddy and miry, renders it extremely inconvenient to carry 
on business there ; that the paving thereof, will be attended 
with considerable advantages to all persons who are obliged 
frequently to pass and re-pass in that part of the town, and to 
the inhabitants in general ; and thereupoa prayed this Assem- 
bly for liberty to open and set forth a lottery, consisting of two 
classes, each of which to be in every respect similar to a 
scheme with the said petition presented, with such regulations 
and securities as should be thought proper, in order to raise 
the sum of £6,000 ; and that the persons who may be appoint- 
ed directors, be empowered and required to apply the same to 
the paving the lower end of said street, beginning at the house 
of Abraham Redwood, Esq., and continuing the same, until the 
whole of the said money shall be expended, — 



1761.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 269 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority of the same it is enacted, that the prayer of the 
petitioners be, and the same is hereby, granted. 

[The directors of this lottery were Messrs. Evan Malbone, 
Benjamin Wickham, Philip Wilkinson, Isaac Stelle, John Mal- 
bone, Samuel Freebody, Benjamin Greene and Edward Thurs- 
ton, Jr.] 

Whereas, several of the inhabitants of the town of Provi- 
dence, preferred a petition, and represented unto this Assem- 
bly, that the streets of the said town are so bad that at some 
seasons of the year it is almost impracticable to pass ; that 
this inconvenience is rendered still greater, by the great num- 
ber of carts and other carriages coming into the said town ; 
that the said streets, from the nature and situation of the 
ground, can never be made good and passable, unless they be 
paved ; and therefore they prayed that a lottery or lotteries 
may be granted for raising such a sum of money as shall be 
sufficient for paving the said streets, or at least such parts 
thereof, as shall be judged more immediately necessary ; and 
the said petitioners proposed that the following method be ob- 
served in carrying on said pavement, to wit : 

First. To begin and pave from the bridge, up town, as far 
as the nett proceeds of the first class will carry it. 

Secondly. To pave from the bridge down town, as far as 
the nett proceeds of the second class will carry it. 

Thirdly. To pave from the bridge, westward, over Weybos- 
set Neck, as far as the nett proceeds of the third class will 
carry it ; and so to continue till all parts be done to general 
satisfaction in the town. 

All which, being duly considered, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that the prayer of the peti- 
tioners be, and the same is hereby, granted ; and that a lot- 
tery, consisting of three classes, be set forth, agreeably thereto, 
for raising the sum of £6,000, to be applied towards paving 
the streets in the said town of Providence, according to the 
aforesaid method, under the direction of Nicholas Cooke, Esq.y 



270 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1761. 

Messrs. John Brown, Knight Dexter, Joseph Bennett, Joseph 
Bucklin and George Jackson ; and that they give sufficient 
bond for the faithful performance of the trust reposed in them. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sum of £15,000, old tenor, 
be paid out of the general treasury, to the committee appointed 
to build the colony house, in Providence ; but that before the 
said money be paid, the deed that is to be made to the colony, 
of the lot whereon said house standeth, shall be duly executed, 
the dower relinquished, the said deed recorded and deposited 
in the secretary's office ; and that the said committee shall re- 
ceive the said sum in old tenor, or in lawful money, only. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that Philip Greene and 
Elisha Brown, Esqs., and Capt. Benjamin Greene, be. and they 
are hereby, appointed a committee, to inspect said building and 
estimate what sum of money it will require to complete the 
same, and make report to this Assembly, at the next session ; 
and that no more money be expended upon, nor materials 
bought for the said house, more than shall be necessary to 
shingle and glaze the same, until the said committee shall 
make their report. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that for the future, if any per- 
son who shall remove from one town and settle in another, and 
produce a certificate from the town clerk of the town from 
whence he removed, that he was a freeholder in the said town, 
and had taken the freeman's oath, he shall be entitled to all 
the privileges of a freeman of the town into which he shall re- 
move ; provided, he possess a freehold estate in the said town, 
sufficient to qualify him to be a freeman. And that if any dis- 
pute shall arise, concerning his estate, the three persons ap- 
pointed by law in said town, shall determine the same. 

And be it farther enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
for the future, the eldest son of a freeholder, who is a free- 
man, shall be admitted free, without being propounded three 
months. 

Whereas, Benjamin Hunt, of Providence, exhibited to this 
Assembly, an account by^ him charged agninst the colony, for 



1761.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 271 

the use made of his house, at several sessions of the General 
Assembly, by the honorable the upper house, who sat there in 
council, — 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that Jabez Bowen and 
Nicholas Cooke, Esqs., be, and they are hereby, appointed a 
committee, to examine and settle the said account ; and that 
whatever they shall allow thereof, be paid the said Benjamin 
Hunt, out of the general treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be, 
and he is hereby, requested to complete the billeting rolls for 
the regiment raised by this colony in the year 1757, and send 
them, as soon as may be, to the general, at New York, in order 
for payment ; and to empower Mr. Gerard G. Beekman, of 
New York, merchant, to receive what is due on the said rolls, 
for the use of the colony, and send the same to the general 
treasurer. 

An Act for raising by way of lottery, the sum of <£20,00(), in 
bills of credit, of the old tenor, to be appropriated for the 
turning one branch of the river called Pawcatuck River, into 
the large pond in Charlestown. 

Whereas, Thomas Ninegret, Christopher Champlin and oth- 
ers, inhabitants of the county of Kings county, preferred a pe- 
tition, and represented unto this Assembly, that the inhabitants 
living in several of the towns, in the southern parts of this col- 
ony, are put to great trouble and expense in transporting to 
market the produce of their farms, by land, and bringing from 
market things necessary for their families ; and whereas, there 
is in the town of Charlestown, a large pond, which may be 
made a good harbor for small vessels, and would be of great 
utility and advantage to the inhabitants, provided the communi- 
cation of said pond with the sea could be kept open, which now 
is often interrupted ; and whereas, the said petitioners are well 
advised that the turning of one branch of a river, called Paw- 
catuck River, into the said pond, would effectually keep open 
the said communication, so that small vessels at all times could 



272 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1761. 

with ease and conveniency pass from and into said pond, would 
not only answer the ends and purposes, aforesaid, but would be 
of great advantage to the inhabitants, in carrying on the cod- 
fishery, &c. 

[Here follows the act and scheme of the lottery. The di- 
rectors named in the act, were Robert Potter, Gideon Hoxsey, 
John Champlin, Joseph Hoxsey, John Congdon and Samuel 
Burdick, Jr.] 

God save the Kins:. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the 30M 
day of March, 1761. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, there hath been a great deficiency in the return of 
the arms and accoutrements which are delivered to the regi- 
ment by this colony, the last campaign, and it is uncertain who 
are accountable for the same, — 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be, 
and he is hereby, requested to write to His Excellency General 
Amherst, and desire him to order a copy of all the receipts 
given for arms delivered to the Rhode Island regiment, during 
the last campaign, to be made out and sent to this colony ; 
and that His Honor the Governor, be also requested to trans- 
mit such depositions as shall be taken upon oath, by Col. John 
Whiting, of the loss of twelve arms, by the oversetting of a 
whale-boat in Lake Champlain ; and inquire whether the colo- 
ny hath been credited for the same. 

Whereas, a number of the inhabitants of the town of Provi- 
dence, hath preferred a petition, and represented unto this As- 
sembly, that one of the highways, in said town, is shut up, 
and appropiated as part of the jail yard, which they conceived 



1761.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS, 273 

to be injurious to the town, and thereupon prayed that the 
same may be opened. On consideration whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the clerk of the town of Provi- 
dence and Mr. Nicholas Tillinghast, be, and they are hereby, 
appointed a committee to examine into the subject matter of 
said petition, and make report unto this Assembly, at the 
next session. 

An Act for raising and paying six hundred and sixty-six able 
bodied, effective men, to be employed in His Majesty's ser- 
vice, in North America, in the ensuing campaign, and for 
supplying the treasury with a sufficient sum of money to de- 
fray the necessary charges thereof 

Whereas, this Assembly hath received advice from the Right 
Honorable William Pitt, Esq., one of His Majesty's principal 
secretaries of state, (by a letter bearing date the 17th day of 
December last), that His Majesty hath nothing so much at 
heart, as by the most vigorous prosecution of the war, to re- 
duce the enemy to the necessity of accepting a peace on terms 
of glory and advantage to His Majesty's crown, and beneficial, 
in particular, to His Majesty's subjects in America ; that it is 
the King's pleasure, in order the better to provide for the full 
and entire security of His Majesty's dominions in North 
America, and particularly the possession of His Majestj^'s 
conquests there, that this colony raise two-thirds of the number 
of men they raised last campaign, with all possible despatch, 
to march to such place or places as His Majesty's commander 
in chief shall appoint ; and this Assembly being truly sensible 
of His Majesty's most gracious intentions, and willing to give 
all the assistance in their power for the effecting so important 
a design, — 

Do enact, and by the authority of this Assembly it is en- 
acted, that six hundred and sixty-six able bodied, effective 
men, officers included, be forthwith raised in this colony, to be 
employed in His Majesty's service in such manner, as His 
Majesty's commander in chief in North America, shall think 

VOL. VL 35 



274 EECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1761. 

fit, until the first day of November next, unless the campaign 
shall be sooner ended ; that they be formed into a regiment, 
consisting of seven companies, over which, shall be appointed 
a colonel, a lieutenant colonel, and a major ; that one captain, 
two lieutenants, and an ensign, shall be appointed to each of 
the said companies, ex(!epting three, which shall be under the 
immediate command of the three field officers,, and have only 
two lieutenants and one ensign to each; all of whom shall be 
chosen and appointed by this Assembly ; provided, neverthe- 
less, that no officer shall receive his commission until he shall 
have enlisted the following number of soldiers, to wit : 

Each field officer, twenty-five ; each captain, twenty ; each 
first lieutenant, fifteen ; each second lieutenant, twelve ; and 
each ensign, eight. 

And lie it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the officers of the said regiment, shall be entitled to, and re- 
cei\e the fillowing monthly wages and allowances in bills of 
credit of this colony, called lawful money, and no other, to wit : 
The colonel, £15; the lieutenant colonel, £12 lo^. 6J. ; the 
major, £10 13s.; each captain, £8 12.s. 6J. ; the captain-lieu- 
tenant, of the colonel's company, £7 ISs. 6(7. ; each other lieu- 
tenant, £6 135. 6(i. ; each ensign, £4 14s. ; each sergeant and 
drummer, £2 10s.; and each corporal, £2 5s.; and that six 
shillings be allowed and paid to every officer, for each able 
bodied, effective m^an he shall enlist. 

And for the encouragement of soldiers to enlist, — 
Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that every 
able bodied, effective man, who shall enlist into this service, 
shall be paid £5 lawful money, upon his enlistment, as a boun- 
ty ; and shall receive one good blanket, and one knapsack ; 
and shall be provided with billeting, at the rate of eight shil- 
lings, lawful money, per week, from the time of his enlistment, 
until he shall leave the colony ; and shall receive £2, lawful 
money, per month ; and further, his person, estate and bail (if 
any he hath), shall, during his continuance in the service, be 
exempted froai all arrests and executions ; and he shall be re- 



1761.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 275 

leased from confinement for any debt not exceeding £20, law- 
ful money, due to one person. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
each officer and soldier shall be paid his billeting money, until 
the time that he shall receive orders to leave the colony, and 
one month's wages, only. 

And for supplying the treasury with a sum of money suffi- 
cient to carry this act into execution, — 

Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the 
general treasurer be, and he is hereby, empowered and directed 
immediately to hire, upon the credit of the colony, the sum of 
£5,000, of any of the lawful money emitted in the year 1759, 
and i760, for nine months, if the same can be procured, at the 
rate of seven per cent, per annum, excepting the lawful money, 
emitted in June, 1759 ; and that the general treasurer also be, 
and he is hereby, empowered and directed to hire, at the same 
rate, and of the same emissions, any further sums that sh;dl be 
necessary, for the purposes, aforesaid, not exceeding £8.000, 
in lawful money, in the whole. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the sum of £16,0! 10, lawful money, be raised by a tax, to be 
assessed and levied upon the inhabitants of this colony, and col- 
lected and paid into the general treasury, on or before the last 
day of November next; that the same be appropriated for the 
payment of the officers and soldiers to be raised, as aforesaid, 
upon their return at the end of the campaign ; and for dis- 
charging such bonds as shaU be given by the treasurer, for the 
money to be hired, as aforesaid, when they shall become due. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, th it if 
the general treasurer shall not be able to hire, upon the terms 
above mentioned, the said sum of £5,000, lawful money, on or 
before the 12th day of this instant April, then, and in that 
case, the sum of £8,000, lawful money, be forthwith emitted 
and put into the general treasury ; and the committee, by this 
act appointed to sign the said bills, are heieby empowered and 
directed to procure the said sum of £8,nu(), lawful money, to 
be printed from types, in the following form, to wit : 



276 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1761. 

The possessor of this Ull shall he paid hj the treasurer of the 
colony of Bhode Island, thirty shillings, lawful money, at the 
rate of six sJiillings and nine pence, for one ounce of silver, tuith 
interest at five per cent, per annum, on or before the 20th day of 
April, 1766. By order of the General Assembly. Dated the 
IWi day of Apil, 1761. 

And that the said bills be of the denomination of 30,s-., 20^., 
1 Os., hs., 2s., \s., ^d. and ^d. ; that an equal number of each de- 
nomination be emitted ; that they be signed by any three of 
the following persons, to wit : 

Benjamin Nichols, Jeremiah Lippitt, Walter Cranston, Jo- 
seph Clarke, James Sheffield, Jonathan Easton, of Newport and 
John Dexter, of Cumberland ; who hereby are appointed to 
sign said bills, and when finished, are directed to lodge them 
in the general treasury ; and that the lawful money emitted by 
this act, shall be received by the ofBcers and soldiers, in all 
payments for bounties and wages. 

And for the calling in and redeeming said bills, — 

It is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that a rate 
or rates be assessed and levied upon the inhabitants of this 
colony, in such season that the whole may be collected and 
paid into the general treasury, so as to redeem the said bills, 
with the interest which shall be due thereon, before or upon the 
20th day of April, 1766 ; that the whole of the said rate or 
rates to be made for that purpose, shall be levied in the same 
bills now ordered to be emitted ; or in silver, at the rate of six 
shillings and nine pence per ounce ; or in gold, at a propor- 
tionate value ; and that the gold and silver so paid into the 
general treasury, be appropriated and immediately applied for 
the redemption of the bills to be emitted by this act. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
whoever shall discourage any person from enlisting into the 
regiment now ordered to be raised, and be convicted thereof, 
before any justice of the peace in the county where the offence 
shall be committed, shall forfeit and pay, as a fine, the sum of 
£6, lawful money, or suffer thirty days imprisonment ; that 



1761.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 277 

whoever shall secrete, conceal or carry off any soldier enlisted 
as aforesaid, shall suffer all the pains and penalties to be in- 
flicted on such offenders, according to the laws of this colony, 
in those cases heretofore made and provided. 

And further, that whoever shall enlist, or persuade, or entice 
any person, whatsoever, belonging to this colony, to enlist into 
the service of any of the neighboring governments, or colony 
of New York, for the ensuing campaign, or shall be any ways 
aiding or assisting therein, and be convicted thereof, before any 
court of general sessions of the peace in this colony, shall be 
fined £20, lawful money ; and the justices of the peace in this 
colony, are hereby required to apprehend and imprison, or bind 
over to the then next court of general sessions of the peace, in 
the county where the offence shall be committed, all such per- 
sons as shall be found breaking this law, (His Majesty's regu- 
lar troops excepted) ; and that one half of all the above men- 
mentioned fines be lodged in the general treasury, for the use 
of the colony; and the other half, to be paid to the person or 
persons who shall inform and sue for the same. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the wages of all persons under the age of twenty-one years, 
who shall enlist into this service, from the time of their enlist- 
ment, until their discharge, shall be equally divided between 
them and their parents or masters, respectively ; and that such 
soldiers shall be accountable for whatever they shall take up 
of the colony, during the time of their being in the service. 

And that the officers and soldiers may be better supplied 
during the continuance of the ensuing campaign, — 

Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the 
colonel, if present, and in his absence, the next commanding of- 
ficer, be, and he is hereby empowered, to contract with any 
person he shall think best, upon the most advantageous terms 
he can, to supply the soldiers with all such necessaries as shall 
not be furnished by the colony ; that he settle the price of 
said goods in the lawful money of this colony, and give the sol- 
diers notice of the same, from time to time ; that the soldiers 



278 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1761. 

be allowed to take up any sort of goods, to the amount of ten 
shillings, lawful^moiiey, per month, while they are in the camp, 
and no more ; and that the same shall be deducted out of their 
wages, at their discharge, or the making up the muster rolls of 
the companies to which they respectively belong ; that each 
captain, if present, and in his absence, the next officer in com- 
mand, be, and he is hereby, required to keep and render at his 
return, a particuLir account of the goods so received by the sol- 
diers under his command, to such of the committee of war who 
fitted them out ; always taking care that the soldiers under his 
command, have justice done them. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
each commissioned officer shall be accountable for all the 
Kino-'s arms and accoutrements which shall be delivered to the 
soldiers under his command ; and that the value of all the 
arms and accoutrements which shall be wanting at the end of 
the ensuing campaign, shall be deducted out of the wages of 
the officer who received the same, unless he can make it ap- 
pear that such arms and accoutrements were unavoidably lost 
in the service, or can render some other good reason why he 
should not be accountable for such as shall be wanting, as afore- 
said. 

And be it farther enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the colonel of said regiment be, and he is hereby, directed not 
to draw upon the colony's agent for the wages of any officer or 
soldier, or upon any other account, whatever, unless for money 
to defray such necessary charges as cannot be drawn for in the 
lawful money of this colony. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
every soldier who shall enlist for the ensuing campaign, shall 
sign an enlistment in the following form, to wit : 

« 7 _ , do hereby acknowledge to have voluntarily 

enlisted myself into His Majesty's service, in the regiment raising by 

the colony of Rhode Island, commanded Ijy Colonel ,from 

the day of the date hereof, until the \st day of November next, un- 



1761.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 279' 

less sooner lawfully discharged ; and that 1 have received from 

-, hi/ luhom 1 am enlisted, £5, latvfnl money, as 

hounty. Witness my hand, the day of , 1761." 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
His Honor the Governor be, and he is hereby, requested to 
issue a proclamation agreeably to this act ; and to give orders 
to the regiment, or any part thereof, to proceed according to 
the directions he shall receive from His Excellency General 
Amherst. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the general treasurer deliver unto the committee of war, the 
monies which shall be lodged in the general treasury, in conse- 
quence of this act, or so much thereof, as they may have occasion 
of, for the purposes and uses, aforesaid ; and that the committee 
of war have the same power and authority in all respects for 
carrying this act into execution, as they have at any time had, 
by the laws heretofore made ; excepting the appointment of of- 
ficers, for which the charter hath already prescribed a method. 

Protest. 

We, the subscribers, dissent from the vote of this house, for 
concurring with the upper house, for hiring the sum of £5,000, 
lawful money, to be paid in nine months, in the same bills, for 
the reasons following : 

First. Because, we are of opinion that the paying in the 
very same bills which are hired, will be a great damage to the 
colony ; as the bills will be probably hoarded up, and then the 
government must pay in silver or gold. 

Secondly. Because seven per cent, is an unlawful interest, 
and more than judgments of court are made up for, in this 
colony. 

Thirdly. Because, we are of opinion that the paying of a 
rate of £16,000, lawful money, in nine months, will very much 
distress the inhabitants of the colony in general, and the poor 
in particular. 



280 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1761. 

Fourthly. We are of opinion, that the striking of said sum, 
agreeably to the vote of the lower house, would have been 
less expensive and more advantageous to the government in 
general. 

BENJAMIN GARDNER, NATHAN BABCOCK, 
ROBERT POTTER, STEPHEN POTTER. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, chose 
the following officers to command the regiment by this Assem- 
bly ordered to be raised for the ensuing campaign. 

Field officers — John Whiting, Esq., colonel; Samuel Rose, 
lieutenant colonel ; Christopher Hargill, Esq., major. 

Captain — Asa Kimball, Nathan Peck, Tibbits Hopkins, Giles 
Russel and Thomas Fry. 

First Lieutenants — William Eldred, Jonathan Speare, William 
Pulling, Thomas Rose, Asa Bowdish and George Cornel, son of 
Clark. 

Second Lieutenants — Andrew Boid, Moses Warren, Samuel 
Stoneman, Arthur Fenner, Abraham Hawkins, Hezekiah Saun- 
ders and Peleg Slocum. 

Ensigns — Israel Peck, Mitchel Case, Edward Cross, William 
Prior, Comfort Carpenter, Joseph Brownell and Elias Burdick. 

Lieut. Samuel Stoneman, adjutant of the regiment. 

God save the King. 

General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Lsland. 

New York, 26tli April, 1761. 

Sir: — Iliad, the 24th instant, the favor of receiving your letter of the 20th; 
■wherein I see, with great pleasure, that your Assembly, immediately upon the con- 
sideration of His JMajesty's requisition, had come to a resolution to raise for the en- 
suing campaign, six hundred and sixty-six men, being the number called for ; and 
that the necessary provision was immediately made for their being raised ; and 
furnisliing the said levies with necessaries as in the last campaign. 

It adds greatly to the satisfaction that I have received, in finding your Assembly 
so readily acquiesced in His Majesty's requisition, that you at the same time in_ 
formed me, manj' of the soldiers are already enlisted, and will in a few days be 
ready to move forward in such manner, and to such places as I shall think fit to 
order. 

As I intend they shall go to the rendezvous at Albany, in the same manner as 
they did last year, I must request of you, tliat you will instantly, on the receipt of 



1761.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 281 

this, order as many small vessels to be hired as will be sufficient to transport the 
regiment to Albany ; that you will cause the same to be victualed for the passage 
of your troops ; and that you will order them to embark with the most speedy de- 
spatch, and sail with the first fair wind to their destination. 

The commanding officer must, as last year, produce the certificates of the several 
enUstments of the men, by which they will be entitled to the fourpences in lieu of 
provisions from the time they were attested, to that of their receiving provisions 
from the King's magazine ; and the same allowance shall be made for the passage 
of each man to Albany, as was paid last year. 

It gives me some concern, that your colony should be dissatisfied with any arti- 
cles in the accounts which have been settled between Col. Robertson and Col. Bab- 
cock ; or that they should have any reason to complain of any stoppages made by 
Mr. Kilby ; I shall acquaint Mr. Kilby of what you say to me on this head, as like- 
wise Col. Robertson ; and you may be assured, if any receipts for arms that have 
been delivered in, are sent to me, which are proper vouchers, and it appears stop- 
pages have been made for those arms, those stoppages shall be immediately paid. 

The stoppages that were made, could only be in default of proper receipts being 
delivered in for the arms that were not forthcoming ; there was a general order for 
it ; it was the same to all the provincial troops ; and it was entirely the fault of the 
officers, for suffering those stoppages to be made, if they had the receipts and would 
not produce them. 

I am with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the first Wednes- 
day of May, 1761. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

The following officers, declared elected, were duly engaged : 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. James Honeyman, Mr. Joseph Lippitt, 

Mr. Nicholas Easton, Mr. Joseph Harris, 

Mr. Jabez Bowen, Mr. Francis Willet, 

Mr. Nicholas Cooke, Mr. Henry Gardner, 

Mr. Jonathan Freeborn, Mr. Thomas Church. 

VOL. VL 36 



282 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND 



[1761. 



KeivporL 
Mr. Gideon Wanton, Jr. 
]Mr. Thomas Cranston, 
Mr. Peter Bours, 
Col. Joseph Wanton, 
Capt. Daniel Ayrault^ 
Mr. William Read. 
Providence, 
Mr. Daniel Jenckes, 
Mr. Samuel Chace, 
Capt. Charles Olney, 
Mr. George Jackson. 

Portsmouth. 
Mr. John Shearman, Jr. 
Mr. David Anthony, 
Mr. Oliver Eail, 
Mr. George Brownell. 

^arwicJc. 
Mr. Philip Greene, 
Col. Stephen Low, 
Mr. Othniel Gorton, 
Capt. Randall Rice. 

Westerl//. 
Capt. George Stilhiian, 
Capt. Nathan Babcock. 

New Shoreham. 
Mr. John Pain, 
Mr. Ray Sands. 

North Kingstown. 
Mr. William Hall. 

South Kingstoivn. 
Mr. William Putter, 
Mr. Hezekiah Babcock. 

East Grcemv2ch. 
Mr. Giles Pierce, 
Capt. Benjamin Greene. 



DEPUTIES. 

Jamcstoim. 
f Mr. Thomas Carr, 

Mr. AVilliam Haszard. 

Smithfictd. 
Mr. Baulston Brayton, 
Capt. Joseph Mowrey. 

Scitiiate. 
Capt. Job Randall, 
Mr. William West. 

Glocestcr. 
Mr. Richard Steere, 
Capt. Timothy Wilmarth. 

Charlestoivn. 
Col. Christopher Champlin, 
Capt. Robert Potter. 
West Greemvich. 
Mr. Benjamin Gardner, 
Mr. Benjamin Tillinghast. 

Coventry. 
Mr. Isaac Greene, 
Lieut. Col. Stephen Potter. 

Exeter. 
Capt. John Reynolds, 
Mr. John Chapmnn. 
Middletown. 
Mr. James Baiker, Jr., 
Mr. Jonathan Easton. 

Bristol. 
Capt. Simeon Potter, 
Mr. William Bradford. 

Tiverton. 
Mr. Thomas Anthony, 
Mr. Job Durfee. 

Little Compton. 
Mr. William Hall, 
Capt. Thomas BrownelL 



1761.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 283 

DEPUTIES. 

Wa?ren. Cranston. 

Mr. John Kinnicut, Capt Richard Searle, 

Major Josiah Humphrey. Capt. Matthew Manchester. 

Cumberland. HopJdnton. 

Mr. Jeremiah Whipple, Major Joshua Clarke, 

Mr. John Dexter. Capt. Edward Wells, Jr, 

Richmond. Johnston. 

Major Richard Bailey, Mr. Thomas Owen, 

Capt. Benjamin Barber. Capt. Josiah Thornton. 

Thomas Cranston, Esq., speaker, and Josias Lyndon, Esq., 
clerk. 

Mr. Henry Ward, secretary. 
Mr. Augustus Johnson, attorney general 
Mr. Joseph Clarke, general treasurer. 

Samuel Ward, Esq., chief justice of the superior court of ju- 
dicature, court of assize and general jail delivery. 

SHERIFFS OF THE SEVERAL COUNTIES. 

Newport county, Mr. Jos. Wanton, son of Gideon. Provi- 
dence county, Mr. Elisha Brown. Kings county, Mr. Gideon 
Hoxie. Bristol county, Mr. Charles Church. Kent county, 
Mr. Rufus Spencer. 

FIELD OFFICERS OF THE SEVERAL COUNTIES. 

Newport county, Mr. Job Bennett, Jr,, colonel ; Mr. Isaac 
Stelle, lieutenant colonel ; Mr. Benjamin Sherburne, major. 

Providence county, Mr. Benjamin Bowen, colonel ; Mr. Jo- 
siah Thornton, lieutenant colonel ; Mr. Joseph Olney, major. 

Kings county, Mr. Nathan Babcock, colonel ; Mr. George 
Wightman, Jr., lieutenant colonel ; Mr. John Willson, major. 

Bristol county, Mr. Nathan Miller, colonel ; Mr. Shearjashub 
Bourn, lieutenant colonel ; Mr. Nathaniel Carey, major. 

Kent count}^, Mr. James Wightman, colonel ; Mr. . John 
Wellsj lieutenant colonel ; Mr, Preserved Peirce, major. 



284 RECOKDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1761. 



COMMITTEE OF WAR. 

Jolin Jepson, Elisha Brown, Thomas Cranston, Peter Bours, 
Robert Potter, Thomas Casey, Gideon Comstock, Nicholas 
Gardner and Shearjashub Bourn, Esqs. 

God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Netvport, on the second 
Monday of June, 1761. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

[There was no business of a public nature, transacted at this 
session of the Assembly.] 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, on the 22d day 
of June, 1761. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, Mr. Nicholas Tillinghast and James Angell, who 
were appointed a committee to inspect a highway in Provi- 
dencBj made the following report, to wit : 

Report. 

" We, the subscribers, being appointed a committee, by the 
Honorable General Assembly, at their session in March last, to 
inspect a highway in the town of Providence, do report : 

That by the records of said town, there is a highway, of 



1761.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 285 

thirty-seven feet wide, joining to the Main street, and holding 
the same breadth, and extending to low water mark, lying be- 
tween the school house and the dwelling house of Mr. William 
Smith ; and that the same is now appropriated as part of the 
jail yard, and some part of a barn standing thereon." 
God save the King. 

General Amherst to Governor Hopkins. 

Albany, 15th June, 17G1, 

Sir : — The Right Honorable Mr. Secretary Pitt, having, by his letter of the 1 7th 
of December last, signified to you His Majesty's requisition of a body of troops to 
be forthwith raised by his provinces in North America, to be principally employed 
in securing the possession of His Majesty's conquests there, during the absence of 
such part of the regular troops as were to be employed on some great and impor- 
tant enterprise, that might reduce the enemy to the necessity of accepting a peace 
on terms of glory and advantage to His Majesty's crown, and beneficial, in particu- 
lar, to his subjects in America. 

And the Assembly of the colony over which you preside, having, in consequence 
of the said requisition, voted and raised a body of troops for the services above 
mentioned ; but as the time limited for their serving, will expire before it is possi- 
ble that the regular forces, who are to be employed on the important intended ex- 
pedition, can return to relieve them ; and that a small body of men will be abso- 
lutely necessary for the protection of the several forts and country in general, I 
must beg you will take the earliest opportunity of moving your Assembly to con-f 
tinue in the pay of your colony during the ensuing winter (or if there should be a 
time limited, that it may be to the 1st of July, 1762), one company, consisting of 
sixty-four men, including a captain, and subaltern ; which is the proportion due 
from your colony, agreeably to the numbers required of the several colonies, for 
this essential service. 

The reasons for this requisition are so obvious, and the advantages that will re- 
sult to the country in general, from a compliance therewith, so apparent, that I am 
persuaded I need not use any arguments to induce your Assembly to acquiesce 
thereto ; being convinced from the zeal they have shown, on all former occasions, 
for His Majesty's honor, and the good of the service, they will cheerfully continue 
that due regard they owe to the King ; which, while*' it must be agreeable to His 
Majesty, reflects great honor on themselves ; and they may be assured that their 
troops shall not be kept one day in the service, longer than Is absolutely requisite. 
I am, with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 



286 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1761 



Governor Hoj^kins to Joseph Shcrivood. 

Rhode Island, June 26, 1761. 

Sir: — In tlie fore part of the year 1759, by the request of Admiral Durell, this 
colony furnished the King's ships then in America, with twenty-nine seamen, to 
whom it paid the bounty, at their entering into the service ; and after their dis- 
charge and return home, paid them such wages as remained due to them, agreea- 
bly to the certificate of Capt. Wheelock, of His Majesty's ship Pembroke, on board 
which they -had done duty; and in conformity to Admiral Durell's directions, I 
have, by order, and in behalf of the colony, drawn bills on the lords commissioners 
of the admiralty, in favor of William Richardson, for £479 17s. 8f/., sterUng, being 
the amount of the bounty and wages paid by the colony. 

The gentlemen concerned in those bills, have agreed to send them all to your 
care ; and in behalf of the colony, I am to desire you to apply in the most proper 
manner, to obtain payment of those bills. Yet, for fear some inaccuracy in trans- 
acting this affair, may prevent your receiving the money by the time the bills will 
be due, I am further to desire you not to suffer the bills to be protested and re- 
turned ; but in case the money cannot be obtained in season from the commission- 
ers, that then you undertake to pay those bills out of the money that will be given 
to this colony out of the Parliamentary grant, for the year 1759, which I hope will 
be received time enough for this purpose. 

Please to give the colony the earliest information of your proceedings in this 
affair ; and if any thing may be needful for effecting thereof 

I am' veiy sorry so many of my letters have miscarried ; however, am in hopes 
they must all have come to hand before now, as I have continued to send copies by 
many conveyances. 

In behalf of the colony, with very great respect, 

I am your very assured friend, 

STEPHEN HOPKINS. 

To Joseph Sherwood, Esq. 



Proceedings of the General AssemWj^ held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, on the first 
Monday of September, 1761. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that the town of Providence be, and 
they are hereby, allowed to raise a further sum of £6,000, by 
a lottery, consisting of three classes, to employed in paving the 



1761.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS- 28*7 

streets in said town, in the same manner as the lottery granted 
for that purpose, by the General Assembly, which was held in 
February last ; that John Jenckes, Daniel Tillinghast, Ebene- 
zer Thompson, Richard Jackson and Amos Atwell, be, and they 
are hereby, appointed directors of the said lottery ; and that each 
of them give bond to the general treasurer, for the faithful dis- 
charge of the trust reposed in him, in double the sum he shall 
receive in each class. 

Whereas, several of the inhabitants of the town of Newport, 
preferred a petition, and represented unto this Assembly, that 
the General Assembly, at their session held at East Greenwich, 
on the last Monday of February last, passed an act for raising 
by a lottery, the sum of £'6,000, to be appropriated towards 
paving the lower end of Thames street, in said town ; that the 
money so raised, hath been applied accordingly, but is found 
insufficient to complete the same ; that unless the said pave- 
ment be continued, the inhabitants will still be subject to great 
inconveniences, by reason of the badness of that part of the 
street that is yet un paved ; and therefore the petitioners 
prayed that they might have liberty to raise a further sum of 
£6,000, by a lottery, consisting of four classes, each of which, 
to be agreeably to the scheme presented with the said peti- 
tion ; and that the persons who may be appointed managers, 
be empowered and directed to apply the said sum of £6,000, 
in continuing the pavement aforesaid, until the whole thereof, 
shall be expended ; and the premises being duly considered, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that the prayer of the peti- 
tioners be, and the same is hereby, granted ; and the scheme 
by them presented with their petition, approved ; and that 
Messrs. Thomas Cranston, Silas Cooke, Evan Malbone, Andrew 
Hunter, John Malbone, Samuel Bours, Henry John Overing 
and Samuel Freebody, be constituted directors of the said 
lottery. 

God save the King. 



288 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1761. 



Proceedings of the General AssemMy, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport, en the second 
Monday in October, 1761. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, His Excellency General Amherst, by his letter of 
the 15th of June, to this colony, requested that a company of 
sixty-four men, including two officers, now in the service of 
this colony, may be retained therein, until the 1st day of July 
next, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof it is enacted, that a company, consisting 
of sixty-four men, including two officers, of the regiment now 
in the service of this colony, at Fort Stanwix, be retained 
there, until the 1st day of July next. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
every soldier who shall enlist into the said company, shall be 
entitled to the same wages as is now allowed him ; and shall 
also receive, as a gratuity over and above his wages, the sum 
of $10 ; one half whereof, to be paid him in the colony's cloth- 
ing now in the camp, and the other half in cash. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
Col. John Whiting be, and he is hereby, empowered and di- 
rected to enlist the said company ; and that if he shall not be 
able to fill the said company by enlistment, so many as shall 
be wanting, shall be draughted out of the regiment, by lot, and 
shall remain in the service, until the colony can release them, 
by placing others in their room. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the said Col. Whiting be, and he is hereby, appointed to com- 
mand the said company ; and that if he shall decline accepting 



1761.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 289 

the command of the said company, he shall appoint the next 
commanding officer in the said regiment, who will accept there- 
of; and that the said John Whiting appoint the other officer 
of the said company, out of the first or second lieutenants or 
ensigns in the regiment, giving the preference to the officer of 
the highest rank. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the commanding officer of the said company shall be entitled 
to the same wages as are now allowed to a captain in the ser- 
vice of this colony ; and the other officer the same wages as 
are now allowed to a first lieutenant. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the remaining part of the regiment shall be transported by 
water, from Albany ; and that the committee of war immedi- 
ately procure proper vessels for that purpose ; and that if any 
person belonging to the regiment, shall come home by land, it 
shall be at his own expense. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
all deserters from the said regiment, who shall deliver them- 
selves up to any one or more of the committee of war, on or 
before the 24th instant, and shall return to their duty at Fort 
Stanwix, and continue in the service until the 1st day of July 
next, shall be forgiven, and shall receive wages from the time 
of their delivering themselves up, until they shall be dis- 
charged ; and that all deserters who do not deliver themselves 
up, as aforesaid, by said time, shall be prosecuted according to 
law, with the utmost severity ; and that the committee of war, 
for each respective county, take care that this part of the act, 
respecting deserters, be carried into execution. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the committee of war employ a suitable person, upon the best 
terms they can, to carry a copy of this act to Col. Whiting, at 
the camp. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor, 0th- 
niel Gorton and Job Bennett, Jr., Esqs., and the secretary, be, 
and they, or the major part of them, are hereby appointed a 
committee, to draw an answer to the queries sent to this colony 

VOL. VL 37 



290 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1761. 

by the lords commissioiiers for trade and the plantations, 
and lay the same before the General Assembly, as soon as con- 
veniently may be. 

[See page 242.] 

"Whereas, several of the inhabitants of the town of Johnston, 
preferred a petition, and represented unto this Assembly, that 
there is no meeting house in the said town ; that Mr. Daniel 
Manton will give an acre of land near Benjamin Belknap's, 
whereon to set a meeting house ; that the circumstances of 
said town are low ; and therefore the petitioners prayed that a 
lottery might be granted them, to raise a sum of money suffi- 
cient to build a meeting house for public worship, free for the 
Baptist society of the ancient order, in said place, of the dimen- 
sions of forty feet long and thirty feet wide ; and the premises 
being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of the petitioners 
be, and the same is hereby, granted ; and the scheme, with the 
said petition presented, approved ; and that Henry Harris and 
John Waterman, Esgs., and Messrs. Daniel Eddy, Benjamin 
Belknap and Gideon Waterman, be, and they are hereby, con- 
stituted directors of the said lottery ; that they give sufficient 
bond for the faithful performance of the trust reposed in them ; 
and that the said directors perform the said business without 
any allowance for their trouble. 

Whereas, the General Assembly, at their session on the 
third Monday of March, in the year of our Lord 1750, made 
and passed an act for granting an excise upon wine and spirit- 
uous liquors sold by retail in the town of Newport, to continue 
for five years, which expired in March, A. D. 175G ; and which 
said act was revived and continued for five years longer, which 
term is also expired ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof it is enacted, that the said act be, and 
the same is again hereby, revived ; and shall continue and be 
in force for, and during the term of five years more, from the 
last expiration thereof 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 



1761.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 291 

the excise upon each gallon of wine, and other spirituous liq- 
uors, be, and the same is hereby, augmented to three shillings 
per gallon ; provided, nevertheless, that currant wine shall bo 
exempted from paying anj' excise. 

And whereas, the town council of Middletown, preferred a 
petition, and represented unto this Assembly, that the extend- 
ing the said act to the said town, would be very advantageous, 
and thereupon prayed the General Assembly would grant an 
excise upon all brandy, rum and other spirits distilled ; and 
and upon all wines, unto the said town of Middletown, under 
the same regulations as the same is granted to the town of 
Newport. 

Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the 
said excise act, extend to, and be in force in the town of Mid- 
dletown, as fully in every respect as the same is in force in the 
town of Newport. 

Whereas, there are several sums of money due from the 
crown to this colony, for billeting the troops, &c., — 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be, 
and he is hereby, requested to apply to His Excellency Gen- 
eral Amherst, for all the money due to the colony, as aforesaid, 
and furnish him with all such rolls and papers as may be ne- 
cessary in order to procure the same. 

It is voted and resolved, that Joseph Lippitt and Philip 
Greene, Esqs., Capt. Benjamin Greene, John Wheaton and 
Daniel Howland, Esqrs, be, and they, or the major part of 
them, are hereby appointed a committee, to audit the accounts 
of the committee appointed to build the colony house in Provi- 
dence, and make report to the General Assembly, as soon as 
conveniently may be. 

God save the King. 



292 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1761, 



Proceedings of the General Assembly held for the Colony of 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kingstown, 
the last Wednesday in October, 1761. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, by reason of several lotteries being carried on in 
this colony, at this time, the directors of the market and 
granary lottery have met with great difficulty in disposing of 
the tickets for the fourth class, and have not been able as yet, 
to fill the same, — 

Be it therefore, enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof, it is enacted, that the directors of the 
market and granary lottery, in Newport, be, and they are 
hereby, empowered to appoint a time for the drawing of the 
fourth class of the said lottery ; and if any tickets shall re- 
main unsold, wben the drawing begins, they may reserve the 
same on the account of the building ; and if the tickets so re- 
served, shall draw a larger sum than they amounted to, the 
surplusage shall be appropriated for the use of the building ; 
and if less, the balance shall be paid out of the money already 
raised by the said lottery, for the said building ; and that the 
directors of the said lottery, be, and they are hereby, empower- 
ed to pursue the same method in any future classes of the 
said lottery, if they shall think fit. 

And whereas, the said directors have liberty of drawing but 
one class more of the said lottery, which it is apprehended will 
not raise money enough to finish said building, — 

Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the 
said directors be, and they are hereby, empowered to add so 
many classes to said lottery, as will raise a sufficient sum of 
money to complete the building for which the said lottery was 
granted. 



1761.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 293 

Whereas, John Dexter, Esq., of Cumberland, and others, pre- 
ferred a petition, and represented unto this Assembly, that a 
great number of fish of several kinds, come into the river called 
Seaconck River, as far as the falls, well known by the name 
of Pawtucket Falls ; by which their passage further up the 
river is obstructed, and thereby the country above deprived of 
considerable advantages that would arise from the fish passing 
the said falls, there being nothing above them to prevent their 
passage to the head of the said river, which extends in one of 
its branches, almost one hundred miles back into the country ; 
that some trials having been lately made to break down the 
said falls, it is thought by a number of gentlemen of knowl- 
edge, that a passage may be made, at the expense of £1,000, 
old tenor, so that fish of almost every kind, who choose fresh 
water, at certain seasons of the year, may pass with ease ; and 
thereupon, the petitioners prayed, that a lottery may be set 
forth, to raise the sum of =£1,500, old tenor, to be appropriated 
for effecting the purposes aforesaid ; and the said petition be- 
ing duly examined, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be,, and hereby is, 
granted; that Mr. Baulston Brayton, John Dexter, Esq., Capt. 
David Whipple, Mr. Daniel Mowrey, and Capt. Stephen 
Jenckes, be, and they are hereby, empowered to form a proper 
scheme of a lottery, and appointed directors thereof; that 
they give bond for the faithful performance of their duty, 
in tlie usual manner, appropriate the money so raised, for the 
purpose in the said petition mentioned, and render an account 
of their doings to the General Assembly ; and that the said 
directors shall have nothing for their trouble. 

And be it farther enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
if the said sum of £1,500, shall be more than sufficient to 
make a passage, as aforesaid, the surplusage shall be appropri- 
ated to the maintaining Pawtucket Bridge. 

Whereas, the deputies of the town of Providence, by order 
of the said town, preferred a petition, and represented unto 
this Assembly, that in the night after the 24th instant, there 
was a hard gale of wind, which brought the highest tide into 



294 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1761. 

the harbor of Providence, that hath been known in the memory 
of man, and carried away the great bridge in the said town, 
known by the name of Weybosset Bridge, beat down part of 
the buttments and pillars thereof, and carried away all the ma- 
terials of wood ; that the said bridge hath been built from time 
to time, at the expense of the colony, excepting the last time, 
when it was re-built by money raised by a lottery ; and there- 
upon, the petitioners prayed this Assembly to grant a sum of 
money, sufficient to re-build the said bridge, and appoint some 
proper person or persons to receive the said money, and apply 
the same in re-building the said bridge ; and the said petition 
being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that £1,000, old tenor, be allowed 
and paid out of the general treasury, to be applied towards re- 
building Weybosset Bridge, to such persons as shall be ap- 
pointed by the town of Providence. 

Protest. 

We, the subscribers, beg leave to protest against the above 
vote for granting the above sum of money, out of the general 
treasury, for the re-building Weybosset Bridge, in the town of 
Providence, at this time, by reason there being but thirty-five 
members now present, and fourteen of that number belonging 
to the county of Providence ; we think they have a great ad- 
vantage of voting money to their own county. 

BENJAMIN GREENE, JAMES BARKER, 
GILES PIERCE, GEORGE BROWNEL, 

JEFFREY WILCOX, JOSEPH SPENCER. 

God save the King. 

Public Acts passed during the (/ear 1761. 

[The following public laws, in addition to those printed in these Records, were 
passed during the year 1761, and will be found (unless previously repealed) in 
the volume of Public Laws, printed in the year 1767.] 

An Act for the maintenance of insolvent debtors and poor prisoners, at the King's 
suit, in jail ; and for repealing the several acts heretofore made for that purpose. 
(June.) 



1761.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 295 

An Act to prevent sheep and other cattle from being killed, worried or torn, by 
dogs. (June.) 

An Act for inquiring into the value of ratable estates in this colony. (June.) 

An Act for altering times of holding the superior courtof judicature, court of assize, 
&c. (September.) 

An Act empowering the several towns in the colony to choose a deputy or depu- 
ties, in the room of any person or persons chosen to represent any town, who shall 
refuse to serve, remove or die before the time for which he was chosen, shall ex- 
pire. (September.) 

An Act empowering the general treasurer to dispose of £9,000, sterling, being part 
of the money granted His Majesty to this colony. (October.) 

An Act for apportioning unto, and upon the several towns in this colony, the rate 
or tax lately ordered to be assessed and levied upon the inhabitants of said colo- 
ny. (October.) 

General Amherst to the Governor of Bhode Island. 

Staten Island, 11th October, 1761. 

Sir ; — As I have not been favored with an answer to my letter to you, of the 
15th June, I now enclose you a duplicate thereof; but I trust you have duly re- 
ceived the original, and before this, have laid tbe contents before your Assembly, and 
that they have made the necessary provision for continuing the number of men re- 
quired by my said letter, during the ensuing winter. 

And as by the packet, lately an-ived from England, I have received His Majes- 
ty's commands for emploj-ing the greater j^art of the regular troops on an enter- 
prise of the utmost importance, hj which the quotas required of the several prov- 
inces, will be absolutely wanted, I am now to request that you will give immediate 
orders to the commanding officer of the Rhode Island regiment to make a draft of 
sixty-four men, including a captain and subaltern, from the said troops, to continue 
during the ensuing winter, as the season advances, when I shall have to order the 
remainder home. 

I have the pleasure to acquaint you, that the other provinces have cheerfully 
complied in granting the respective c^uotas demanded from them ; and, I flatter 
myself the colony over which you preside, will not be less zealous in contributing 
their share for the good of His Majesty's service. 

I am with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 

Sir William Johnso7i to Governor Hopkins. 

Fort Johnson, December 10, 1761. 
Sir: — The weighty business of a war, which has so long engaged the attention of 
the several governments, being now so fortunately determined in the northern col- 
onies of America, gives me an opportunity which your attention to public affairs, 
as well as my own unsettled and troublesome situation hath hitherto prevented me 
fi'om taking, of laying before you the demands which I have to make upon the sev- 
eral colonies, who did me the honor to appoint me to the command of their foi'ces 



296 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1761. 

in the year 1 755, which trust, I flatter myself, I have discharged to their approbar 
tion ; and, as I had no further desire in taking that command upon me, than to 
manifest the pleasure -which I took in sacrificing my own ease, and neglecting my 
business (then very considerable), for the public, and at a time when our afTairs 
were in a very critical situation, I am well convinced those governments who hon- 
onored me with their commissions, never intended I should be a sufferer in my pri- 
vate fortune, from the expenses which the commander of an army must necessarily 
be at during the course of a long campaign, in which, mine, bonajide, amounted to 
near a thousand pounds. New York currency. 

I therefore now take the liberty of reminding you thereof, not doubting but you 
will take the same into consideration, and lay it before the legislature ; who, I flat- 
ter myself, will make me such an allowance as (with the quotas of the other colo- 
nies concerned, to whom I now apply), may reimburse me the expenses of that 
campaign, as well as my pay. 

T am, with great regard, &c., &c., 

WILLIA^I JOHNSON. 

To the Honorable Governor Hopkins. 

The Earl of Egremoni to the Governor and Gompy of Rhode Island. 

"Whitehall, December 12th, 1761. 

Sir : — As the King has nothing so much at heart, as to secure, and improve the 
great and important advantages gained since the commencement of this war, in 
North America, and having seen his good dispositions to restore the pubhe tran- 
quility, entirely frustrated by the insincerity and chicane of the court of Versailles, 
in the late negotiation ; and as nothing can so eff"ectually contribute to the great 
and essential object of reducing the enemy to the necessity of accepting a peace, 
on terms -of glory and advantage to His Majesty's crown, and beneficial, in particu- 
lar, to his subjects in America, as the King's being enabled to employ as immedi- 
ately as may be, such part of the regular forces in North America, as may be ade- 
quate to some great and Important enterprise against the enemy ; I am commanded 
to sifTnIfy to you the King's pleasure, that in order the better to provide for the full 
and entire security of His Majesty's dominions in North America, and particularly 
of the possession of His Majesty's conquests there, during the absence of such part 
of the regular forces, you do forthwith use your utmost endeavors and influence 
with the Council and Assembly of your province, to induce them to raise with all 
possible despatch, within your government, at least the same number of men they 
raised last year, viz. : two-thirds of what had been levied for the former campaign ; 
and formino' the same into regiments as far as shall be found convenient, that you 
do direct them to hold themselves in readiness, and particularly as much earlier 
than former years as may be, to march to such place or places, in North America, 
as His Majesty's connnander in chief there, shall appoint, in order to be employed 
there, under the supreme command of His Majesty's said commander in chief, in 
America, in such manner as he shall judge most conducive for the King's service. 

And the better to facilitate this important service, tlie King is pleased to leave 
it to you to issue commissions to such gentlemen of your province, as you shall 
judo-e, from their weight and credit with the people, and their zeal for the public 
service, may be best disposed, and able to quicken and eflfectuate the speedy levy- 



1761.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 297 

ing of the greatest number of men ; in the disposition of which commissions, I am 
persuaded you will have nothing in view but the good of the King's service, and a 
due subordination of the whole to His Majesty's commander in chief; and all offi- 
cers of the provincial forces, as high as colonels inclusive, are to have rank accord- 
ing Jio their several respective com.missions, agreeably to the regulations contained 
in His late Majesty's warrant of the 30th December, 1757, which has been renewed 
by His present Majesty. 

The King is further jileased to furnish all the men, so raised as above, with arms 
ammunition and tents, as well as to order provisions to be issued to the same, by 
His Majesty's commissai*ies, in the same proportion and manner as is done to the 
rest of the King's forces. 

The whole, therefore, that His Majesty expects and requires from the several 
provinces, is, the levying, clothing and pay of the men; and on these heads also, 
that no encouragement may be wanting to this great and salutary service, the 
King is further most graciously pleased to permit me to acquaint you, that strong 
recommendations will be made to Parliament, in their session next year, to grant a 
proper compensation for such expenses as above, according as the active vigor and 
strenuous efforts of the respective provinces shall justly appear to merit. 

It is His Majesty's pleasure that you do, with particular dihgence, immediately 
collect, and put into the best condition, all the arms issued last campaign, which 
can be any ways rendered serviceable, or that can be found within your govern- 
ment, in oi'der that the same may be again employed for His INIajesty's service. 

I am further to inform you that similar orders are sent, by this conveyance 
to Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, Connecticut, New York and New Jersey 
The southern governments are also directed to raise men in the same manner, to be 
employed in such offensive operations as the circumstances and situation of the 
enemy's posts, and the state and disposition of the Indian nations, on that side, may 
point out and require. 

It is unnecessary to add any thing to animate your zeal in the execution of His 
Majesty's orders in this important conjuncture, which is finally to fix the future 
safety and welfare of America, and of your own province, in particular ; and the 
King doubts not, from your known fideUty and attachment, that you will employ 
yourself with the utmost application and despatch, in this promising and decisive 
crisis. I am, etc., EGREMONT. 

To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

The Earl of Egranont to the Governor and Compan?/ of Rhode Island. 

Whitehall, December 12, 1761. 

Sirs : — The King having taken into his most serious consideration, how highly es- 
sential it is to the interests and security of his subjects in North America, that the 
regular regiments, serving in that country, be recruited with all convenient expe- 
dition, to their full complement of effectives, and at the same time, seeing the imprac- 
tibility of completing them from Great Britain, considering how this country is 
drainedjby the great number of men furnished for the various services in all parts 
of the world ; 

I am therefore to signify to you the King's pleasure, that you do, immediately on 
the receipt of this letter, exert your utmost influence to induce your province to 
carry into the most speedy and effectual execution this very important object, by 
immediate compliance with any requisition, which Sir Jeffery Amherst shall, in 

VOL. VL 38 



298 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1762. 

consequence of His Majesty's orders, make for furnishing, on certain conditions, 
which he will explain to you, such a number of recruits from your jirovince as he 
shall demand, as their quota, towards completing the regular regiments, which have 
been sent to America, for the defence and protection of the possessions of His Maj- 
esty's subjects there ; and the King cannot doubt, but that the provinces will cheer- 
fully and readily comply with this reasonable demand, so obviously calculated tor 
their own security and advantage ; at the same time, that your zeal for His Majes- 
ty's service, will naturally excite you to use all your influence and power in bring- 
ing eifectually to bear, a measure which His Majesty has so much at heart, and 
with regard to which, any failure or disappointment would be extremely disagree- 
able. 

I have it also in command fi-om the King, to acquaint you, that though the pre- 
sent situation of affairs would have f\illy justified the having re(]uirod of the prov- 
inces as large a number of men as they ever have raised for any of the former 
campaigns, instead of the quota which Avas demanded the last yf*ar; 

Yet, His Majesty, considering the high imjjortance of the service, which makes 
the subject of this letter, and being desirous to ease the burdens of his faithful 
subjects, as far as shall be consistent with their own safety, has been pleased to 
require only the same number of men, as for the last year, in order thereby, to fa- 
ciUtate a measure so essential as the completing the regular regiments, by recruits 
to be furnished from the provinces in North America ; and the King is persuaded 
that the said provinces, duly sensible of His Majesty's tender and jiaternal care for 
their welfare, will, in return, readily and cheerfully comply with the orders now 
sent you. I am, etc., EGREMONT. 

To the Governor and Company, of Rhode Island. 

The Earl of Egremont to the Governor and Oompany of Rhode Island. 

Whitehall, 7th January, 1762. 

Gentlemen : — His Majesty having found it necessary to declare war against the 
kingof Spain, was pleased, in a council held on Saturday last, at St. James's, for that 
purpose, to sign the enclosed declaration, and to order that the same should be pub- 
lished on Monday, the 4th instant, by the heralds-at-arms, in the usual places, and 
with the accustomed formalities ; which has been accordingly done. 

You will find the just and indispensable reasons which have forced the King to 
take this measure, so fully set forth in the above declaration of war, that I am only 
to signify to you His Majesty's pleasure, that you do cause the same to be pro- 
claimed in the colony under your government, in order that the King's subjects, having 
this notice, may take care to prevent any mischief which otherwise they might 
suffer from the enemy, and do their duty in their several stations, to distress 
and annoy the subjects of Spain ; and His Majesty would have you be very 
vigorous and severe in preventing any provisions, ammunition or stores of any kind, 
from being carried to them ; and you are to use all proper methods that may be 
most effectual, for that purpose. 

I am, with great truth and regard, &c., &c., 

EGREMONT. 

To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

P. S. His Majesty has been pleased to order letters of marque, or commissions 
to privateers, to be granted in the usual manner. 



1762.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 299 



Proceedings of the General Ass emhli/, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at East Greenwich, the last 
Monday of February. 1762. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that the late, and present commit- 
tee of war be, and they are hereby directed to make out a true 
list, duly attested, of all the soldiers that have been billeted by 
this colony, since the last rolls were completed, with the sums 
paid by the colony set against their names ; and return the 
same to His Honor the Governor, within ten days after the 
rising of this Assembly ; and that His Honor the Governor 
be, and he is hereby, requested to cause fair copies thereof to 
be made, and send them with the billeting rolls for the year 
1757, to His Excellency Gen. Amherst, in order for payment. 

Whereas, James Helme, Esq., and others, inhabitants of the 
town of South Kingstown, preferred a petition, and represented 
unto this Assembly, that the said town is obliged to make and 
maintain five large bridges, over large rivers, two of which 
bridges stand on the public post road ; that by the providence 
of God, in the late great storm and high tide, the bridge over 
Petaquamscutt River was almost destroyed, and rendered un- 
safe to pass over ; that the said bridge is of great utility, and 
necessary for all persons that pass to, or from the town of New- 
port, through the said town of South Kingstown ; that the Gen- 
eral Assembly have from time to time granted large sums for 
building and repairing bridges of less importance to the pub- 
lic, than the aforesaid bridge ; and therefore prayed that a sum 
of money might be allowed out of the general treasury, in or- 
der to repair the said bridge ; and the said petition being duly 
considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that £300, be allowed towards re- 



300 EECORBS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1762. 

pairing the said bridge ; and that Mr. William Potter be, and 
he is hereby, empowered to draw that sum out of the general 
treasury, for the purpose, aforesaid, as the same shall be wanted. 

An Act for raising and paying six hundred and sixty-six able 
bodied, ejffective men, to be employed in His JNIajesty's ser- 
vice, in North America, in the ensuing campaign, and for 
supplying the treasury with a sufficient sum of money to de- 
fray the necessary charges thereof. 

Whereas, this Assembly hath received advice from the Right 
Honorable the Earl of Egremont, one of His Majesty's principal 
secretaries of state, (by a letter bearing date the 12th day of 
December last), that His Majesty hath nothing so much at 
heart, as by the most vigorous prosecution of the war, to re- 
duce the enemy to the necessity of accepting a peace on terms 
of glory and advantage to His Majesty's crown, and beneficial; 
in particular, to His Majesty's subjects in America ^ that it is 
the King's pleasure, in order the better to provide for the full 
and entire security of His Majesty's dominions in North 
America, and particularly the possession of His Majesty's 
conquests there, that this colony do, with all possible despatch, 
raise the same number of men this year, as they were or- 
dered to raise the last year ; that is to say : two-thirds of the 
number that had been levied for the former campaigns ; [six 
hundred and sixty-six men] ; that they be held in readiness 
as much earlier than in former years, as may be, to march to 
such place or places in Noi'th America, as His Majesty's com- 
mander in chief shall appoint, in order to be employed there, 
under his command, in such manner, as he shall judge most 
conducive to the King's service ; and this Assembly being 
truly sensible of His Majesty's most gracious intentions, and 
willing to give all the assistance in their power for effecting 
so important a design, — 
[Here follows the act.] 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, chose 
the following officers to command the regiment by this Assem- 
bly ordered to be raised for the ensuing campaign. 



1762.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 301 

Field officers — Samuel Rose, Esq., colonel ; Christopher Har- 
gill, Esq., lieutenant colonel ; Nathaniel Peck, Esq., major. 

Captains — Abraham Hawkins, Thomas Fry, Thomas Tew, 
Giles Russel and Jeoffry Wilcox. 

Lieutenants — Asa Bowdish, Israel Peck, George Cornell, son 
of Clarke ; Samuel Thornton, Thomas Cottrell, Ilezekiah 
Saunders, Thomas Rose, William Prior, Moses Warren, Asa 
Kimball, Andrew Boid, William lierrenden, and Edward Cross. 

Ensigns — Daniel Coggeshall, Alexander Brown, Simeon Ste- 
vens, Jonathan Miller, Ishmael Wilcox, Beriah Hopkins and 
John Tefft. 

Benjamin Brown, surgeon j and Lieut. Asa Kimball, adju- 
tant of the regiment. 

Whereas, Joseph Lippitt and Philip Greene, Esqs., and Mr. 
John Wheaton, who were appointed a committee to audit the 
accounts of the committee who built the court house, in Provi- 
dence, presented unto this Assembly, a state of that account, 
together wnth a report thereon \ and also an account by them 
charged for their time and expenses, in performing that busi- 
ness, amounting to .£48,637 Os. Wd.\ — 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. John Wanton, son of 
Gideon, Thomas Freebody, Pardon Tillinghast, Edward Thurs- 
ton, Jr. and Ehiathan Hammond, be, and they, or the major 
part of them are hereby, appointed a committee to wait on His 
Honor the Governor, and receive of him the money in his 
hands, that arose from the sale of a quantity of sugars, which 
were lately decreed to His Majesty, by the judge of the court 
of vice admiralty, in this colony ; and that they also examine 
the records of said court, and receive what more shall appear 
to belong to His Majesty, by virtue of said decree, from those 
persons in whose hands the same may be, and deliver the 
whole of what they shall receive, to the general treasurer, giv- 
ing and taking receipts for the same ; that thereupon, the ac- 
tion brought for said goods, be withdrawn ; and that the said 
committee make report of their doings to the General Assem- 
bly, at the next session. 

God save the Kinc. 



302 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1762. 



Letters of General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, 9th February, 1762. 

Sir : — By the General Wall packet, which arrived here this morning, I am hon- 
ored with a letter from the Earl of Egremont, one of His Majesty's principal secre- 
taries of state, bearing date the 12th December last, wherein His Lordship is 
pleased to acquaint me, that as the King has nothing so much at heart as to secure 
and improve the great and important advantages gained since the commencement 
of this war in North America, and having seen his good dispositions to restore the 
public tranquility, entirely frustrated by the insincerity and chicane of the court ot 
Versailles, in the late negotiation ; His Majesty is again obliged to take into his 
royal consideration, what ulterior operations can be entered upon by such part of 
the troops under my command, as can be spared for other service, without the least 
diminution of the full and entire security as well of His Majesty's former domin- 
ions, as of those acquired by conquest in North America. 

In order that everything may be in readiness for an early campaign, and to be 
able to employ an adequate number of the regular forces in whatever attack 
may be resolved upon, His Majesty has thought it necessary to lose no time in 
despatching his orders to the several governors in North America, for levying, with 
the utmost expedition, the same nimiber of men they respectively raised for the 
last campaign. 

His Majesty's directions on this subject, to the several governors, are so fully 
specified in the circular letter written by the Earl of Egremont, of which His Lord- 
ship has sent me a copy, that it only remains with me most earnestly to entreat 
you, to lose no time in convening your Assembly, and laying before them the 
aforesaid letter of the secretary of state ; and that you will forthwith use your ut- 
most endeavors and influence with the Council and Assembly, to induce them to 
raise, with all possible despatch, within your government, the same number of men 
as was required from your colony for the service of the last campaign. 

I cannot think, sir, that I need urge any arguments to convince you of the neces- 
sity of an early compliance with His Majesty's commands, as it is more than prob- 
able that this campaign, if opened in time, and carried on with vigor, must be that 
which will at last compel our enemy to treat in earnest, on such terms as will be 
equally glorious and advantageous for His Majesty's crown, and permanently bene- 
ficial to his American subjects ; and I therefore trust that the Assembly will enable 
you to put those commands into immediate execution, since they terminate in a 
point wherein they are so nearly concerned ; and that the King's principal object 
has been for their present security, as well as their future welfare and prosperity. 

You will observe by the Earl of Egremont's letter, that as a further encourage- 
ment to a proper exertion on the part of the provinces, His Majesty has ordered, 
as heretofore, that the provincial forces should be victualed in the same manner, 
and in the same proportions as the regulars ; and that they should be supplied 
with arms and tents, at the expense of the crown ; moreover, that strong recom- 
mendations will be made to Parliament in their session next year, to grant a com- 
pensation to the provinces, according as their respective vigor and strenuous efforts 
shall justly appear to merit. 



1762.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 303 



I have it also in command from His Majesty, to enjoin you to collect and cause 
to be put into proper condition, all the serviceable arms that can be found within 
your colony ; for every one of which, that shall be brought to the field, and shall 
not return, by reason of being spoiled or lost in actual service, I shall pay the usual 
allowance of twenty-five sliillings per firelock. 

As it is very essential to the services I may have in command from the King, 
that I should be, as early as possible, informed of the resolves of your Assembly, on 
this head, and of the time that the troops will be ready, I beg, that as soon as you 
are acquainted therewith, you will signify the same to me by express, that I may 
regulate myself accordingly. 

I have likewise received a letter from the Earl of Egremont, of the same date 
with the former, signifying His Majesty's intentions of completing the regular regi- 
ment serving in America, by recruits to be raised by the several provinces (over 
and above the quotas demanded in the other letter), on such terms and conditions 
as I shall propose ; I shall, in obedience thereto, so soon as I have fixed on the 
numbers necessary to be furnished by the respective provinces, communicate to 
you the encouragements which His Majesty is graciously pleased to empower me 
to give for effecting this most essential service ; and in the mean time, I think it 
my duty to acquaint you of this intended measure, that you may be prepared for 
exerting your utmost influence with your Assembly, to grant the number of men 
that I shall be obliged to require of your colony, that His Majesty's commands may 
be duly obeyed. 

I am, with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMHEEST. 

To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 

New York, 21st February, 1762. 

Sir : — As I acquainted you in my letter of the 9th instant, that I had been 
honored with His Majesty's commands for completing the regular corps serving in 
North America, by recruits to be raised by the several provinces, on such terms 
and conditions as I should propose. 

In consequence of these commands, and in obedience thereto, I have duly consid- 
ered not only the numbers that will be necessary to be furnished by the respective 
colonies, but the encouragements to be given, to Induce the men voluntarily to 
enter into the service, which I am persuaded, will, if properly backed by the prov- 
inces, have the desired effect. 

The number of men expected from your colony, for this service, with the 
method proposed for raising them, I shall now lay before you ; and the Earl of Eo-- 
remont's letter, which I herewith enclose to you, will show you how much the King 
has this measure at heart, and how disagreeable any failure or disappointment 
therein, would be to His Majesty. 

The quota to be furnished by your colony, agreeably to the proportions from the 
other provinces, is one hundred and seventy-eight men. I must, therefore, most 
earnestly request you will use your utmost influence with the Assembly, to raise 
that number over and above those already demanded by my letter of the 9th In- 
stant, by paying them the same levy money as the others. 

And as an encouragement to induce, them to enter into the regular service, I 
propose to allow £5, New York currency, bounty money, to each man, not under 
eighteen, nor above forty years of age, who shall enlist to serve during the war, or 



304 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1762. 

until the regiments return to Eiu'ope. They shall be clothed and enter into im- 
mediate pay, without any further expense to the colony than their first levpng ; 
and at the expiration of their time, as above mentioned, shall be sent back to their 
respective homes. 

And in order to encourage the provincial officers to fijrward tins essential ser. 
vice, I leave it to you to appoint any officer or otlicers you shall think proper, to 
persuade the men to enter into the regular service, on the above conditions ; for 
every one of which that he shall so enlist, and that is approved of by a regular of- 
ficer, whom I shall appoint for that purpose, the said provincial officer shall re- 
ceive a reward of forty shillings, New York currency. 

It will therefore be necessary that I have the earliest notice of the time when 
you think the men will be raised, that I may send an officer to approve ot them, 
receive them, and to pay the bounty and reward as already promised. 

I have only to add, that to render this service effectual, and prevent desertion, 
I shall expect the colony will provide for re-placing such men, as do desert ; which, 
when known, I am persuaded will prevent any of them from leaving their corps, 
since they cannot expect protection in the colonies. 

You will please to observe, that the execution of this measure must by no means 
retard, or interfere with the requisition made by His JNIajesty, for the i)rovincial 
service ; the King ever mindful of the ease and welfare of his faithful subjects, de- 
mands only such assistance as may be granted, without subjecting them to any 
heavy burthen ; and therefore has been pleased to make his requisitions agreeably 
thereto ; and I trust from your known zeal for' His Majesty's honor, and the good 
of the service, you will enforce the necessity of both measures, when you meet your 
Assembly, in such a manner, that, as these measures are calculated for the prose- 
cution of a war, in which the immediate security and future interests of tlie prov- 
inces are so essentially concerned, they will cheerfully and readily comply with 
His Majesty's commands, and thereby approve themselves faithful and obedient 
subjects of the best of kings. 

I am, with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. A^HIEllST. 

To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhl//, held for the Colon?/ of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kingstown, the 
IM dag of March, 1762. 

The lion. Stephen Ho^^kins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, the members of the Church of England, in Provi- 
dence, and others, preferred a petition, and represented unto 
this Assembly, that they are not able to raise a sufficient sum 



1762.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 305 

of money by subscription, for repairing the church, in said 
town, and building a new steeple ; which, if properly finished, 
will not only be an advantage to the building, but an ornament 
to the town ; and therefore prayed this Assembly, that a lot- 
tery may be set forth, for raising $1,000, to be applied for the 
purpose, aforesaid ; and that George Taylor, Henry Paget and 
Samuel Chace, Esqs., and Messrs. John Cole, Joseph Russell, 
Ebenezer Thompson, Joseph Nash and Silas Cooke, be appoint- 
ed directors of the said lottery ; and the said petition being 
duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
granted ; provided, the directors give bond in double the sum 
of the lottery ; and that no charge accrue to the colony. 

[A lottery was also granted to raise £2,200, for paving the 
north part of the town of Providence, where the road was miry. 
The directors of this lottery, were Elisha Brown, Obadiah 
Sprague, Nathaniel Balch, James Olney and Samuel Currie. 
Another lottery, of three classes, was also authorized, to raise 
£6,000, for paving streets in Providence, the directors for 
which, were Esek Hopkins, Moses Brown, John Smith, Benoni 
Pearce, Nicholas Tillinghast and Benjamin Man. 

At the same session, a lottery, to raise $4,500, was granted 
to William Wall and Henry Wall, of North Kingstown, who 
were " almost utterly ruined " by the destruction of merchan- 
dize, by a fire in Newport. The preamble states that " many 
of His Majesty's subjects are desirous of assisting the petition- 
ers in the handsomest manner they can."] 

An Act for raising one hundred and seventy-eight able bodied, 
effective men, to recruit His Majesty's regular regiments, 
in North America. 

Whereas, letters have been received by this colony, from the 
Bight Honorable the Earl of Egremont, and His Excellency 
General Amherst, requiring this colony to raise one hundred 
and seventy-eight effective men, for recruiting His Majesty's 
regular regiments now serving in America ; and His Excellen- 
cy General Amherst, hath engaged in behalf of the crown, to 

VOL. VL 39 



306 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1762. 

pay to every able bodied, effective man, who shall enlist into 
said service, £6, New York currency, as a bounty ; and also 
forty shillings, of the like money, to the officers that shall be 
appointed to enlist said men, for every man that shall be so 
enlisted ; and this Assembly being ready and willing to do 
every thing in their power for His Majesty's service, — 

[Here follows the act.] 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee of war immedi- 
ately take an account of all the men enlisted in the regiment 
raising by this colony ; that they order the soldiers to be 
brought before them, in order to pass muster ; and discharge 
all such as apear unfit for the service ; and that each enlisting 
officer shall return to the committee of war, the bounty and 
billeting money he hath paid to such men, as shall be dis- 
charged as unfit. 

And for supplying the treasury with a sufficient sum of 
money, to pay the bounties of the men ordered to be raised, to 
recruit the regular regiments in North America, — 

It is further voted and resolved, that the sum of £2,000, 
lawful money, be forthwith emitted ; that the bills be of the de- 
nomination of 30^., 20s., \0s., bs. ; that they bear date the 10th 
of April, 1762^ and be signed by any three of the committee 
appointed to sign the £5,000, last emitted ; and that the 
money be emitted upon the same terms ; the bills be of same 
tenor and form, and redeemed in the same manner, as the 
aforesaid £5,000, last emitted. 

Whereas, the following report was laid before this Assembly, 
and accepted, to wit : 

Report. 

Whereas, in the year 1755, in the month of August, Joseph 
Barber and Benoni Hall, were appointed a committee to ex- 
change part of the Ten Bod Highway, nigh to Abraham Wil- 
cox's land, and EHsha Barber's land ; and have done the same, 
according to a draught thereof, and return thereon, signed by 
said Barber and said Hall ; and the said Abraham Wilcox and 



1762.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 307 

Elisha Barber, both appeared in said town meeting, and de- 
sired that said return might be accepted ; and also agreed with 
said town to accept of the old highway adjoining to the new 
one laid out by said Barber and said Hall ; in lieu, and in full 
satisfaction for what land the new highway takes out of each 
of their respective lands. ABRAHAM WILCOX, 

ELISHA BAUBER. 



Whereas, several of the inhabitants of the town and county 
of Providence, preferred a petition and represented unto this 
Assembly, that part of the country road, leading from the town 
of Providence into Connecticut, which lies in the town of 
Gloucester, is so very rough and bad, that travellers and carri- 
ages are not able to pass without great difficulty ; that the 
said road being of great extent, a considerable part of it with- 
out inhabitants, and the land adjoining thereto, poor and bar- 
ren, it is not likely that the same will be made conveniently 
passable in many years, without some public assistance be af- 
forded to the inhabitants of said town ; that a very useful and 
necessary commerce is carried on between the inhabitants of 
the colony of Connecticut and the town of Providence, which 
will be greatly increased to the mutual benefit of both parties, 
if the said road be repaired and rendered commodious ; and 
therefore the petitioners prayed that liberty may be granted, 
to raise the sum of £4,000, by way of lottery, to be applied to 
the use aforementioned ; that Timothy Wilmarth, Benjamin 
Smith and John Aldrich, Esqs., Messrs. Benjamin Barrett, Jo- 
seph Smith, William Dean, Jonas Steere, Chad Brown, Abra- 
ham Winsor and Andrew Waterman, or the major part of 
them, be appointed managers thereof; with full power to set 
forth said lottery, in one or more classes, on such scheme or 
schemes, as they shall think will best conduce to finish said 
undertaking ; that the first £2,000, that shall be raised, be laid 
out upon the road between the colony line and Joseph Smith's ; 
and that the remaining part be laid out between the said Jo- 
seph Smith's and Capt. William Dean's. And the said petition 
being duly considered, — 



308 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1762. 

It is Yoted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
granted ; provided, that the directors give sufficient bond, in 
double the sum of the lottery, and that no charge accrue to 
the colony. 

Whereas, Messrs. Edmond Sheffield and Joseph Spencer, 
deputies from the town of New Shoreham, did, in behalf of the 
said town, prefer a petition, and represent unto this Assembly, 
that" on the westernmost side of said island, there is a large 
pond, covering above one thousand acres of land, which for- 
merly had a communication with the sea, by a creek ; that 
then the fishing ground for cod was well known, and bass was 
there to be caught in great plenty ; that since the creek has 
been stopped, the fishing ground for cod is uncertain, they be- 
ing scattered about in many places ; and the bass have chiefly 
left the island ; that they are of opinion, that a communication 
may be opened between the said pond and the sea, so that a 
passage may be obtained large enough for coasting and fishing 
vessels to pass and re-pass, and thereby find a safe and com- 
modious harbor ; that if this communication can be made, the 
fishery will again become sure and certain, and fishing vessels 
will not be obliged in bad weather, to run to Newport, New 
London, or any other port, before they have got their fare, but 
there may find a safe harbor ; that it will be attended with the 
greatest advantages, not only to this colony, but the neighbor- 
ing governments ; and particularly the inhabitants of New 
Shoreham will reap so great benefit from it, as will enable 
them to pay a much larger proportion of the public taxes, than 
they are now able to do ; and thereupon, they prayed this As- 
sembly to grant a lottery, to defray the charge thereof, [which 
was granted, accordingly.] 

[The following lotteries were also granted at this session : 
To the inhabitants of Smithfield and Cumberland, to raise 
£2,000, old tenor, to re-build the bridge at Woonsocket Falls. 
Directors, Wm. Arnold, John Dexter, Amos Sprague, Charles 
Capron, Hezekiah Herrenden and Samuel Cooke. 

To Samuel Dunn, of Providence, to raise £4,500, old tenoi-, 
to remunerate him for losses incurred ; first, in the capture of 



1762.] AND PEOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 309 

his sloop Joseph, by a French privateer ; and second, in the 
loss of his vessel and cargo, by shipwreck, on the coast of 
North Carolina.] 
God save the King. 



Governor HopJuns to General Amherst. 

ProTidence, March 10, 1762. 

Sir : — The Earl of Egremont's letter, of the 1 2th of December last, to this colo- 
ny, accompanied by Your Excellency's, of the 9th of February, I have received ; 
and very soon after, they came to my hands, laid them both before the General 
Assembly, then sitting, who came unanimously into a resolution, to comply with 
the demand made by those letters : and, accordingly, voted six hundi-ed and sixty- 
six men for the service of the ensuing campaign ; made the necessary provision for 
raising and equipping of them, formed them into a regiment, and appointed the 
necessary officers to conduct them. 

The officers thus appointed, immediately entered upon the service, and began to 
enlist men, and have had so great success in that business, as I am informed, that 
a very considerable part of the men are already enlisted ; and, I make no doubt, 
but the whole number will be completed in a short time, and ready to move for- 
ward to such place, and in such manner, as Your Excellency shall be pleased to 
direct. 

The secretary of state's other letter to this colony, of the same date, with Your 
Excellency's, of the 21st of February, I have also received, though not till after 
the Assembly were risen, occasioned, as I suppose, by the post being hindered by 
the late severity of the season. However, I propose to call the Assembly again to- 
gether, and lay those last letters before them, on the 23d of this month ; and I have 
not the least reason to doubt but the Assembly will do every thing in their power 
to comply with, and eifectually carry into execution, the demands made by these let- 
ters ; but how far their utmost endeavors may be crowned with success in this busi- 
ness, is not easily determined at pi-esent. 

In behalf of the colony, I am, &c., &c., 

SL EPHEN HOPKINS. 

To Sir Jeffrey Amherst. 



Letters from General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, 21st March, 1762. 

Sir : — I was last night favored with your letter of the 10th instant, acquainting 
me, that your Assembly, on laying the Earl of Egremont's letter of the 12th De- 
cember, and mine, of the 9th of February, before them, came unanimously into a 
resolution to comply with the demand made by those letters ; and accordingly 
voted six hundred and sixty-six men, for the service of the ensuing campaign. 

As they have so cheerfully testified their zeal for the King, in thus complyiug 
with his commands. I tan have no doubt but the other measure, for granting a 



310 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1762. 

quota of men for filling up the regular corps, will appear equally essential; and 
that the Assembly will as readily acquiesce in providing for that service, as they 
have been in granting the other. 

It gives me great pleasure to find that a considerable part of the men for the 
provincial service, are already enlisted ; and as I am in daily expectation of the 
arrival of a packet from England, you shall have the earliest notice of the destina- 
tion of your troops, after I receive His Majesty's commands thereon. 

I cannot conclude, without returning you, and the Assembly, my sincere thanks 
for the expedition used in putting His Majesty's commands in execution ; which 
cannot fail of being agreeable to the King, as the measures proposed thereby, are 
of the utmost consequence to his kingdoms In general. 

I am with great'regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AJSIHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 



New York, 28th March, 1762. 

Sir : — An officer arrived here last night, with letters from Maj. General Monck- 
ton, o-Iviug me an account of the signal success of His Majesty's arms under his 
command, in the entire reduction of the island of Martinique ; on which great and 
glorious news, I most heartily congratulate you. 

The citadel of Fort Royal surrendered by capitulation, (the garrison becoming 
prisoners of war,) on the 4th Februrary, in consequence of two defeats the enemy 
received on the 24th and 27th January, in their out-posts , where it seems they had 
every advantage of situation they could wish for ; but our troops, with the most ir- 
resistible impetuosity, carried every thing before them. 

Immediately on the surrender of Fort Royal, deputies from a majority of the 
quarters of the island came in, and submitted to terms of capitulation, whereby they 
become subjects of Great Britain; and on the 13th February, Mr. De La Touche, 
the French governor, sent proposals of capitulation, which having been agreed 
upon. General Monckton took possession of St. Pierres and the whole island ofi 
the 16th. 

What adds greatly to this conquest, is, that It has been accomplished with the 
loss of very few men, among whom, there is not one officer of distinction. 

By a letter I received last night, from Mr. Hancock, at Boston, he assures me 
that a vessel arrived at Marblehead, had brought certain accounts of a Spanish 
war having been declared in England, the 5th January. Although I have not 
this from any authority, I can't help mentioning it, that you may make what use 
you think proper of It, to rouse your Assembly to exert themselves with a becoming 
spirit, at a time when His Majesty's arms, in humbling the pride of one enemy, is 
threatened by anothei- i)0wcr no less formldalilc. 

I am, with great regard, &■., &c., 

JEFF. MIHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 

New York, April 2, 1762. 
Sir : — I doubt not but by the arrival of the Enterprize man of Avar, you will have 
received letters from His Majesty's principal secretary of state, Informing you of 
the King's having declared war against Spain ; and by the declaration, you 



1762.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 311 

Tvill see the just and indispensable reasons tliat obliged His Majesty to take that 
measure. 

By this ship, I have been honored with His Majesty's commands, for forming a 
detachment of regulars and provincials, to be embarked at this place, on an expe- 
dition of the utmost importance. 

That I may comply with the King's orders, as early as possible, I have fixed upon 
the number of provincials to be employed on this service, and have been as spar- 
ing in their numbers, as the nature of the service would permit ; though I am con- 
fident it will be very agreeable to them, since they will meet with every indul- 
gence, and will not be subject to the fatigue that they have gone through in the 
long marches in former campaigns ; and that so soon as this service is effected, 
which cannot be of long duration, they shall immediately return to New York. 

The number I am to require from your colony, is two hundred and seven men, 
with one field officer, two captains and other ofiicers, in pi'oportion to the above 
number, to be formed immediately fi-om the quota now raising ; and to be forward- 
ed with the utmost despatch to this place in sloops, as in former years. 

These men will require nothing more from the colony, than has been usually 
given them ; for they shall be furnished with every requisite, on their assembling 
here, for the expedition. 

I need not, I am persuaded, add any arguments to induce you to give immediate 
orders for hastening the formation of the above quota, as a moment's time is not to 
be lost, in putting His Majesty's commands in execution, and, have only to request 
that, while this service is forwarding, care may be taken that it may not retard the 
completing of the remainder of the quota demanded by the King ; as also furnish- 
ing the recruits for the regular regiments, as their services will be essentially re- 
quisite for the prosecution of a war, wherein the honor of His Majesty's crown, the 
welfare of his subjects and the prosperity of kingdoms, are so nearly concerned. 
I am, with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 

New York, 11th April, 1762. 
Sir : — As I doubt not but that the levies for the provincial service are by this 
time complete, I must desire you will be pleased to order the remainder, (after 
sending the quota demanded for immediate service, as by my letter of the 2d in- 
stant,) to be embarked on board sloops, and proceed to Albany, where, on their ar- 
rival, they shall be mustered and paid their fourpeuces as in former years, from the 
time of their several enlistments to that of their receiving the King's provisions. 

So soon as I know what progress is made in the recruiting for the regular corps, 
I shall send an officer to approve of the recruits, r^nd pay the bounty money. 

I am, with great regard, &c. &c., 

JEFF. AMHERST. 
To Governor Hopkins. 

New York, April 15, 1762. 
Sir : — As from several papers that have fallen into my hands, I have undoubted 
proofs of the enemy being suppfied with provisions from almost every port on the 



312 KECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1762. 

continent of North America, I must represent to you the necessity of putting a stop 
to such infamous practices, particularly at a time when there is the greatest de- 
mand for provisions to supply the King's troops ; and as I am well informed that 
there are large quantities in store, In the several provinces, kept up by the mer- 
chants on purpose for exportatlgn ; and that very large supplies will be wanted for 
the troops that are to assemble on this continent, for immediate service ; I should 
desire an embargo on the shipping, were I not adverse to such a measure, which 
might be attended with several inconveniences ; and as I think the preventing any 
provisions from being exported, may answer the same end, I must therefore request 
you will be pleased to take such steps as you think best for effectually prohibiting 
any kind of provisions from being shipjied at any of the ports within your colony, 
except for the above mentioned seridces ; and for obliging the merchants to de- 
liver what they have in their stores to persons that shall be appointed to purchase 
the same, for the crown (the contractors or any other agents, having no concern 
therewith) ; that the King's service may be carried on, and may not suffer for the 
want of that most essential article. 

I am, with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. MIHEKST. 
To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 

New York, April 19, 1762. 

Sir : — I have the pleasure to acquaint you of the continuation of the success of 
His Majesty's arms. 

By letters received this morning from Major General Monckton, of the 19th 
March, he informs me of the grenades having surrendered on the 5th of that month, 
on the same terms as Martinique ; and that he had sent to take possession of St. 
Lucia, St. Vincent and Tobago; the former of which, had also capitulated. 

The general likewise acquaints me, that on the 8th, a French fleet had apj^eared 
to windward of the Island ; and he was in hopes would have attempted to have 
landed ; but on intelligence of the island's being taken, they made off. The ad- 
miral sailed after them, but had not the good luck to overtake them. He was, 
however, going out again with the greatest part of the fleet, the day that General 
Monckton sent his despatches. 

I am, with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 

Lieut. George Cornell to Gen. Amherst. 

Fort Stanwix, 14th April, 1762. 

Great Sir : — I hope the government of Rhode Island have informed Your Excel- 
lency that this company of provincials, that is here with me, was Intended for no 
lono-er than the first day of July next ; although for my own part, I could wish I 
was to recruit a company for seven years ; for I am sure, that it would be very 
ao-reeable to me. At the same time, if these people are not recruited again, it will 
be impossible to keep them any longer than that time. 

I also inform Your Excellency, that when I recruited this company, Col. Whlt- 
ino- told me, he would stay himself; and before we had any orders from the gov- 



1762.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 313 

ei-nment, Col. Whiting gave several of the people, from under his hand, to be dis- 
charged the 1st of May, which I had never come to the knowledge of, till a few 
days ago ; and I desired Capt. Ogilvie to acquaint Youi- Excellency of the same. 

The government has not sent any other officer to the company, but myself, as 
yet ; and I imagine they will not ; nor have I seen any orders from the govern- 
ment, at which I am not a little surprised ; and therefore thought it would be 
proper to acquaint Your Excellency of the situation of the company, and shall 
wait for Your Excellency's further orders. 

I am, sir, &c., &c., GEORGE CORNELL, 

Lieut. Rhode Islanders. 

To Sir Jeffrey Amherst, commander in chief in North America. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the first Wednes- 
day/ of Mai/, 11^2. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

The following officers, declared elected, were duly engaged 

The Hon. Samuel Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. James Honeyman, Mr. Nathaniel Searle, 

Mr. Nicholas Easton, Mr. Joseph Harris, 

Mr. Nicholas Tillinghast, Mr. Daniel Coggeshall, 

Mr. Darius Sessions, Mr. Henry Gardner, 

Mr. Robert Lawton, Mr. Samuel Greene. 

DEPUTIES. 

Newport. Providence. 

Mr. Gideon Wanton, Jr., Mr. Daniel Jenckes, 

Mr. John Wanton, Mr. Joseph Nash, 

Mr. George Hazard, Mr. Joseph Olney, 

Mr. John Jepson, Mr. George Jackson. 
Capt. Daniel Ayrault, 
Capt. William Read. 

VOL. VI. 40 



314 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND 



[1762. 



DEPUTIES. 



Portsmouth. 
Mr. John Shearman, Jr. 
Mr. David Anthony, 
Mr. Robert Burrington, 
Mr. George Brownell. 

}^'arwicJc. 
Mr. Philip Greene, 
Mr. Othniel Gorton, 
Col. James Arnold, 
Capt. Holden Rice. 
Westerlf/. 
Capt. George Stillman, 
Mr. James Babcock, Jr. 

Neiv Slioreham. 
Mr. Nathaniel Littlefield, 
Mr. Edmond Sheffield. 

North Kingstown. 
Mr. Ezekiel Gardner, 
Mr. Samuel Boone, Jr. 

South Kingstown. 
Mr. William Potter, 
Mr. Thomas Potter, Jr. 

East Greenwich. 
Mr. Giles Pierce, 
Capt. Benjamin Greene. 

Jamestown. 
Capt. William Haszard, 
Mr. George Franklin. 

Smithjield. 
Mr. Thomas Arnold, 
Mr. Jonathan Arnold, Jr. 

Scituate. 
Capt. Job Randall, 
Mr. Jeremiah Angell. 



Glocester. 
Mr. Richard Steere, 
Capt. Joseph Winsor, 

Charlestown. 
Capt. Robert Potter, 
Capt. John Champlin. 

West Greemvich. 
Mr. Benjamin Tillinghast, 
Capt. Charles Carr. 

Coventry. 
Mr. Caleb Greene, 
Capt. Joab Stafford. 

Exeter. 
Mr. John Chapmnn, 
Mr. Daniel Barber. 
Middletown. 
Mr. James Barker, Jr., 
Mr. Jonathan Easton. 

Bristol. 
Mr. William Bradford, 
Mr. Daniel Bradford. 

Tiverton. 
Mr. Thomas Anthony, 
Mr. Job Durfee. 

Little Compton. 
Mr. William Hall, 
Mr. Oliver Hilyard. 

Warren. 
Mr. James Brown, 
Mr. Ebenezer Cole. 
Cumherland. 
Mr. John Dexter, 
Capt. Daniel Wilkinson, 



1762.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 315 



DEPUTIES 

^10 



Richmond. 

Mr. Joseph Clarke, Major Joshua Clarke, 

Mr. Thomas Kinyon. Mr. John Maxson. 

Cranston. Johnston. 

Mr. John Burton, Mr. Thomas Owen, 

Capt. Matthew Manchester. Lieut. Col. Josiah Thornton. 

Capt. Daniel Ayrault, speaker, Josias Lyndon, Esq., clerk. 

Mr. Henry Ward, secretary. 
Mr. Augustus Johnson, attorney general. 
Mr. Joseph Clarke, general treasurer. 

Jeremiah Niles, Bsq.,chief justice of the superior court of 
judicature, court of assize and general jail delivery. 

SHERIFFS OF THE SEVERAL COUNTIES. 

Newport county, Mr. Jos. Wanton, son of Gideon. Provi- 
dence county, Mr. Paul Tew. Kings county, Mr. Gideon 
Hoxie. Bristol county, Mr. Charles Church. Kent county, 
Mr. Rufus Spencer. 

FIELD OFFICERS OF THE SEVERAL COUNTIES. 

Newport county, Mr. Job Bennett, Jr., colonel; Mr. 
Samuel Freebod}^, lieutenant colonel; Mr. Benjamin Sher- 
burne, major. 

Providence county, Mr. Benjamin Bowen, colonel ; Mr. Jo- 
siah Thornton, lieutenant colonel ; Mr. Joseph Olney, of Gloces- 
ter, major. 

Kings county, Mr. George Whitman, colonel; Mr. John 
Willson, Jr., lieutenant colonel ; Mr. Elias Thompson, major. 

Bristol county, Mr. Shearjashub Bourn, colonel; Mr. Na- 
thaniel Casey, lieutenant colonel ; Mr. John Adams, major. 

Kent county, Mr. James Wightman, colonel ; Mr. Johu 
Wells, lieutenant colonel ; Mr. Simeon Draper, major. 



316 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1762. 

The Hon. Gideon Wanton, Esq., Edward Thurston, John 
Jepson, Obadiah Brown, Samuel Chace, James Arnold and 
Nicholas Easton, Esqs., the grand committee, or trustees of the 
colony, for signing bills of credit. 

And the aforesaid Edward Thurston, is especially appointed 
to take and have the charge of the colony's mortgages and 
bonds for tenths, and to receive the money due, and to be due 
thereon ; and also to make and give proper acquittances and 
discharges upon the mortgages, or otherwise, when he receives 
any of the colony's money ; and in case of non-payment, to put 
in suit the bonds and mortgages of all those that refuse or 
neglect to make due payment. 

Whereas, Col. John Whiting is about to proceed to Fort 
Stanwix, and it is probable he may enlist some of the forces 
now there, in the pay of this colony, as regular regiments in 
North America, agreeably to the request of His Excellency 
General Amherst, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the said John Whit- 
ing be, and he is hereb}^, empowered to enlist the soldiers at 
Fort Stanwix, in the pay of this colony, as recruits for His 
Majesty's regular regiments in North America ; and that all 
such persons as shall be enlisted by him, into the aforesaid ser- 
vice, shall be entitled to, and receive the same bounty, as if 
they were enlisted in this colony. 

Whereas, Mr. Nathaniel Helme, late of South Kingstown, 
now residing in Newport, preferred a petition, and represented 
unto this Assembly, that he was keeper of His Majesty's jail 
in South Kingstown, aforesaid, from the year 1753 to the year 
1761 ; that the present war was commenced soon after he be- 
came keeper of said jail : during which, a great number of per- 
sons have been committed to said jail, for less sums than he 
could hold them for, provided they enlisted into the colony's 
service ; that many persons so committed to jail, did actually 
enlist into the forces raised by this colony, from time to time, 
and were taken out of jail without making any satisfaction to 
him for their board, for the time he was obliged to support 
them with victuals and drink ; by which means, he hath had 



1762.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 317 

many and heavy losses ; which, together with his other mis- 
fortunes (he having one son, about twenty years of age, who 
hath been a cripple from a child to this day, and not ever been 
able to do one day's work), hath reduced him so much, that he 
cannot pay his just debts without converting his real estate 
into money ; that he hath a good deed of three acres of land, 
lying at Little Rest, in South Kingstown, aforesaid, about eight 
rods from the court house, bounded southerly on the highway, 
with a good dwelling house, a large barn, and a shoemaker's 
shop thereon standing ; that money is so hard to be raised, 
that he cannot sell the said estate for but little more than half 
the value, which will not be sufficient to pay his just debts ; 
and thereupon, the petitioner prayed this Assembly to grant 
him liberty to sell the said land and buildings, by a lottery, to 
be set forth, agreeably to a scheme that shall be agreed upon 
by the directors, to be appointed by this Assembly ; on consid- 
eration whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the foregoing petition be, and 
the same is hereby, granted ; provided no charge accrue to the 
colony. 

It is voted and resolved, that the two Indians now in His 
Majesty's jail, in Newport, who were brought from the county 
of Albany, and committed upon an accusation of murder, be 
sent back under the care of Col. Samuel Rose ; who is hereby 
directed, upon his arrival at New York, to wait upon Benjamin 
Pratt, Esq., chief justice of the province of New York, and fol- 
low his directions respecting them. 

God save the King. 

General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, 7th May, 1762. 

Sir: — Since my letter to you, of the loth of April, in relation to the illicit 
trade carried on from the several ports on this continent, very full discoveries have 
been made, by the seizure of the papers of some of the French king's subjects in 
this city ; who, it appears, had come to this country purposely to estabhsh such a 
commerce, as might not only supply the enemy's settlements in the West Indies 
with provisions, but likcAvise their fleets and armies that might arrive there. 

It likewise appears from those papers, that Rhode Island is one of the principal 



,318 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1762. 

colonies on which they depend ; and that several of the merchants of Newport, are 
deeply concerned in this iniquitous trade, which is not only infamous, in itself, by 
supporting the avowed enemies of the King, but occasions great difficulty in pro- 
curing the necessary suppUes for carrj-ing on His Majesty's service. 

I am therefore to desu'e you will be pleased to cause a general embargo to 
be immediately laid upon all the ports within your government, except for the 
transports you employ to bring round the provincial troops. I have made the 
same application to the governors of Connecticut and Massachusetts Bay, and I 
see no other way of preventing those, whose sole views seem to be, to get money, 
without the least regard for the good of their country, from accomplishing their de- 
signs ; and I fear that it is but too true, that some have entered into this trade, 
who, fi'om their connections with the governors, I should have judged it would 
have been impossible they could have engaged in a commerce so destructive to 
their country. I am, with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 

The Governor of Rhode Island to General Amherst. 

Newport 10th May, 1762. 

Sir : — I take this early opportunity of informing Your Excellency that I have 
the honor of being appointed Governor of this colony ; and to assure you, that my 
utmost influence, during my administration, shall be exerted for His Majesty's 
service. 

In consequence of Your Excellency's letter of the 15th April, the General As- 
sembly have directed me to issue a proclamation, prohibiting the exportation of 
provisions from this colony, agreeably to your request. 

By the returns from the several enhsting officers, it appears that the regiment 
of provincials raising in this colony, is complete, and such of them as have not al- 
ready embarked, will be sent forward with all despatch. 

The General Assembly have empowered Col. Whiting to enlist the company of 
Rhode Islanders, at Fort Stanwix, as recruits for the regular regiments in America, 
and have allowed the same encouragement as for those enlisted in this colony. 

I am, with great respect, &c., &c., 

S. WARD. 

To His Excellency General Amherst. 

Letters from General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, May 11, 1762. 
Sir: — Lieut. Col. Hargil, with one hundred and nineteen of the Rhode Islanders, 
including officers, arrived here a few days ago ; but, as the rest of the detachment 
intended for immediate service, are not yet come, I must beg you will be pleased, 
if they are not already sailed, to give orders for forwarding them without delay, 
as I only wait for their arrival, to make an embarkation. 

I am with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMHERST. 
To the Honorable Governor Hopkins. 



1762.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 319 



New York, 16th May, 1762. 

Sir : — As I flatter myself there is some progress made in the recruiting for the 
regular corps, I send Lieut. Newland, of Gage's regiment, to receive and review 
the recruits, with directions to send them round to this place, in sloops, by the first 
opportunities, under the care of such officers as you keep for the recruiting service, 
who shall afterwards join their regiment. 

Lieut. Newland is furnished with money to pay the rewards and bounties prom- 
ised to the officers and men ; but as I am sure it will be better for the latter not to 
receive their further bounty, until they arrive here, and that it will likewise pre- 
vent desertion, I am hopeful they will agree thereto ; and I have only to request 
you will be pleased to forward this service, as much as in your power ; and that 
you will give directions for exchanging such men as Lieut. Newland may reject, 
with those that are fit for the service. 

The last part of the detachment of Ehode Islanders, iiitended for immediate ser- 
vice, arrived here a few days ago, and they have only lost one man, since they 
came ; but in the first detachment, under Lieut. Col. Hargil, there were a good 
many boys, hardly able to carry arms. 

I had written thus far, intending it for Governor Hopkins, when I received your 
letter of the 10th May, informing me of your being appointed Governor of the 
colony of Rhode Island, on which I beg leave to congratulate you. 

I am extremely glad to hear that the provincial regiment is full ; and I beg no 
time may be lost, in ordering them to Albany. You will however please to keep 
such officers as you think proper, for recruiting the men for the regular corps, who 
shall, as I have ab-eady observed, join their companies hereafter. 

I shall be very glad to find that Col. Whiting succeeds in enlisting the company 
now at Fort Stanwix, for the regular service ; but their number comes greatly 
short of the quota demanded ; and by the reports I ha^^ had fi'om the commanding 
officer, several of them have already deserted ; and the rest, on pretence of their 
time of service being expired, are so mutinous, that the commanding officer is obliged 
to keep them witliin the fort ; but I hope the orders you will have sent by Col. 
Whiting, will have entirely satisfied them. 

I am, with great regard, &e., &c., 

JEFF. AMHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Ward, Newport. 

The Governor of Rhode Island to General Amherst. 

Newport, 24th May, 1762. 

Sir : — Your Excellency's letter of the 7th instant, I received the 20th, at my 
own house, in Westerly, about thirty miles from Newport ; on which, I immediately 
came to town, assembled the Council the next day, and laid a general embargo up. 
on all vessels in any of the ports in this colony, excepting the transports, priva- 
teers, fishing and wood vessels. 

I shall be very sorry if any of the enemy's fleets and armies should receive a sup- 
ply of provisions from any of the King's subjects ; and more especially, if any 
persons in this colony should be concerned in a commerce so injurious to their 
country at this critical juncture But whatever a few individuals may do, I can 
assure Your Excellency that the people of this colony, in general, are very far 



320 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1762. 

from countenancing any measures which have the least tendency to obstruct His 
Majesty's service, or support his enemies. 

Yesterday I received your letter of 16th May, by Lieut. Newland, and heartily 
wish I could give you an agreeable account of our success in raising recruits for the 
regular corps ; but notwithstanding the government, upon your request, ordered 
the same bounty as to the provincials, and appointed proper enlisting officers, yet, 
there has no progress been made in this service. 

Probably this deficiency is owing to the great scarcity of men in the colony, oc- 
casioned by our raising so large a number of troops annually, and by the sailors 
engaging in privateering ; which, since the Spanish war, is carried on with more 
spirit than before ; but every thing proper, in my power, shall be done to forward 
this service. 

I have already given orders for the embai'kation of the remainder of our provin- 
cial regiment ; and jjart of* them are already embarked, and the remainder will 
embark this week ; and as other persons were appointed to recruit for the regular 
corps, I have not kept any provincial officers for that service. 

I am, sir. &c., &c., S. WARD. 

To His Excellency Gen. Amherst. 

General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, 30th May, 1762. 

Sir : — I am to own the favor of your letter of the 21st instant, which I received last 
night ; and am much obliged to you for your ready compHance with my request 
in laying a general embargo on all the ports within your colony. This is a measure 
absolutely necessary, as I have repeated advice of schemes of a very extensive na- 
ture, having been formed for supplying the enemy with provisions from this conti- 
nent: and I must beg you will be pleased to continue the embargo in Rhode Island 
for some time longer. 

I am very sorry to hear there is so little progress made in the recruiting for the 
regulars ; I am hopeful the persons you have employed for the service, will exert 
themselves ; and that I shall have the pleasure of learning soon of their meeting 
with better success than you seem to expect. 

I am, with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Ward. 



1762.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 321 



Proceedings of the General Assemhl?/, held for the Colony of Bhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport, on the second 
Monday of June, 1762. 

The Hon. Samuel Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee of war be, and 
they are hereby, directed and fuDy empowered to send the two 
deserters now in His Majesty's jail at Newport, and all other 
deserters that shall be apprehended, to New York, to His Ex- 
cellency Sir Jeffrey Amherst, or in his absence, to the com- 
manding officer of His Majesty's forces in New York. 

Whereas, Capt. Edward Wells, Jr., of Hopkinton, preferred 
a petition, and represented unto this Assembly, that he hath 
lost large sums of money at sea, by the enemy's taking his ves- 
sels ; that he hath also been concerned in joint trade with a 
man of merit and capacity, who, by reason of his great losses 
and misfortunes, now declares himself to be a bankrupt ; and 
that he, the petitioner, is like to be ruined thereby ; that by 
reason thereof, he cannot pay all his just debts, and those of 
his partner, without the assistance of this Assembly ; that he 
hath a considerable quantity of goods by him, which he cannot 
sell for ready money, and proposes to dispose of the same at 
cash price, by a lottery ; that he hath a large acquaintance, as 
well as trade, in New York and Connecticut, who (he trusts) 
will take off his tickets ; and many friends and acquaintance 
in this colony, who will cheerfully become adventurers in a 
lottery, to contribute to his relief, and enable him to pay his 
just debts ; and thereupon, the said Edward Wells prayed this 
Assembly, to grant him a lottery, to raise the sum of £10,000 ; 
and the said petition being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of said Edward 
Wells, therein contained, be, and the same is hereby, granted. 

VOL. VI. 41 



322 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1762. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be, 
and he is hereby, requested to write to the agent, and press 
him strenuously to solicit for this colony's part of the grant of 
the crown to this colony, for the year 1756 ; and that His 
Honor be also requested to write, first to Capt. Joseph Harri- 
son, and procure from him the best information he can, respect- 
ing the said grant. 

Whereas, Mr. Thomas Sisson preferred a petition, and repre- 
sented unto this Assembly, that the boundary line between the 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay and this colony, takes the 
house he dwells in within the colony line ; and that conse- 
quently, he is an inhabitant of the town of Tiverton ; that nev- 
ertheless, he is refused and debarred the liberty of voting in 
said town ; and thereupon, he prayed this Assembly, to take 
the affair under consideration, and determine whether he is an 
inhabitant of the said town of Tiverton, (as he supposes him- 
self to be) or not. 

And the said petition being duly considered, it appears to 
this Assembly, that the house of said Thomas Sisson, in which 
he now lives, is within the bounds of the town of Tiverton ; — 

And it is therefore voted and resolved, that he, the said 
Thomas Sisson, be, and he is hereby, determined and allowed 
to be an inhabitant of the said town of Tiverton. 

It is voted and resolved, that Edward Scott and Augustus 
Johnston, Esqs., and the secretary, be, and they are hereby, 
appointed a committee to take into consideration all the laws 
of this government respecting the admission of freemen, and 
the method of voting for general officers ; that they reduce 
them all to one law, make such alterations and additions as 
they shall think conducive to the public interest, and lay the 
same before this Assembly, at the next session. 

It is voted and resolved, that all the billeting rolls for 
the years 1757, 1761 and 1762, be delivered to His Honor 
the Governor ; and that His Honor the Governor be, and he is 
hereby, requested to receive the same, and cause them to be 
put in proper order, and forward them to His Excellency Sir 
Jeffrey Amherst, as soon as possible, in order for payment. 



1762.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 323 

Whereas, a great number of persons have been admitted 
freemen of the several towns in this colony, and have been re- 
turned as such to the General Assembly, at the session held on 
the first Wednesday iti May, 1761, and at the last session, and 
the same have not as yet been taken into consideration ; in or- 
der to render this Assembly better able to judge of the qualifi- 
cations of the aforesaid persons, and to prevent such from being 
admitted as freemen who are not duly qualified, — 

It is voted and resolved, that each town clerk in this colony 
make out and transmit to this Assembly at the next session, a 
certificate of the qualifications of all the afore mentioned per- 
sons who were admitted free in the town where he lives, by 
certifying the whole of the real estate he is possessed of in said 
town, at the time the said certificate shall be given, together 
with the eldest sons of such free holders as now stand free of 
this colony ; and that if any town clerk shall neglect his duty 
herein, he shall forfeit and pay as a fine, the sum of £50, old 
tenor, to and for the use of the colony, to be recovered by the 
general treasurer, by an action of the case in any court of 
record, in this colony. 

God save the King. 

General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, 13th June, 1762. 

Sir: — As I have received advice of a quantity of provisions coming out from Eng- 
land, which I hope will arrive safe, and that I have nearly completed the tonnage 
of vessels which I want for the transport service, I take the earliest opportunity of 
acquainting you, that I intend, for the convenience of the merchants on this conti- 
nent, to free the several ports from the restrictions that have been laid on them, in 
consequence of my request to prevent the exportation of provisions ; and I trust 
that no more attempts will be made to supply the enemy, or carry on the ilHcit 
trade that has been so lately detected. 

You vnll, therefore, be pleased to give the necessary directions for taking off the 
embargo that has been laid in your colony ; and I flatter myself that I shall have 
no further reason to apply to you on the subject which occasioned me to desire that 
measure to be put in execution. I am, with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. A]\IHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Ward. 



324 RECOEDS OF THE COLONY OF EHODE ISLAND [1762. 



The Governor of Rhode Island to Joseph Harrison. 

Newport, 22d June, 1762. 

Sir : — At the request of the General Assembly of this colony, I have now the 
pleasure of writing to you on the subject of the money expected by us fi-om the 
crown, for provisions, &c., in 1756. 

Our agent writes us that the lords of the treasury would not consent to his mak- 
ing application to Parhament for it ; upon which the government have desired me 
to write to the lords of trade and plantations, to request their lordships' recommen- 
dation of the matter to His Majesty. But as you are well acquainted with the af- 
fair, and have already been kind enough to interest yourself in it, in behalf of the 
colony, they have desired me to apply to you, for your assistance ; and I shall take 
your sending me, by first post, a fiill account of the affair, with your advice upon 
it, as a particular favor, done both to the colony and myself. 

I am, sir, with very great regard, &c., &c., 

SA^I. WARD. 

To Joseph Harrison, Esq. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhli/, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at East Greemuich, the 
fourth Monday in August, 1762. 

The Hon. Samuel Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sheriff of the county of 
Newport, be, and he is hereby, empowered to draw money out 
of the general treasury, and pay off all such reasonable charg- 
es which have arisen to the colony, by means of a number of 
seamen lately belonging to His Majesty's ship, the Hussar, 
(which was cast away on the island of Hispaniola,) and were 
brought to Newport, in a flag of truce ; that those two of the 
said men, who are in jail at Newport, be sent by the said 
sheriff, to His Excellency Sir Jeffrey Amherst, at New York, 
by the first opportunity ; and that he make report to this As- 
sembly, at the next session. 

It is voted and resolved, that every one of the committee of 
war, be, and they are hereby directed, to lay before the Gen- 



1762.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 325 

eral Assembly, at the next session, all the muster rolls of the 
soldiers raised in this colony for the last expedition. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the committees ap- 
pointed to audit the accounts of the committee of war, be con- 
tinued for that purpose ; and that they make report, agreeably 
to law, to this Assembly, at this or the next session. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that no member of the 
committee of war draw any more money out of the general 
treasury until his accounts be settled and a balance be found 
due to him. 

An Act to prevent stage plays, and other theatrical entertain- 
ments, within this colony. 

For preventing and avoiding the many mischiefs which arise 
from public stage plays, interludes, and other theatrical enter- 
tainments, which not only occasion great and unnecessary ex- 
penses, and discourage industry and frugality, but likewise 
tend generally to increase immorality, impiety and contempt 
of religion, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this <jeneral Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof, it is enacted, that immediately from and 
after the publication of this act, no person or persons, whoso- 
ever, shall or may, for his or their gain, or any price or valua- 
ble consideration, by or under any pretence whatsoever, let, or 
suffer to be used or improved, any house, room, or place what- 
soever, in this colony, acting or carrying on any stage plays, 
interludes, or other theatrical entertainments, on pain of for- 
feiting and paying, for each and every day or time such house, 
or room, or place shall be let, used, or improved, contrary to 
the true intent and meaning of this act, £60, lawful money. 

[The remainder of this act is omitted.] 

And whereas, by a petition preferred to this Assembly, by a 
number of the inhabitants of the county of Providence, setting 
forth that a number of stage players have lately appeared, and 
a play house hath lately been built, in said town of Provi- 
dence ; that the inhabitants of said town, being legally called 
by warrant, did, at their late town meeting, by a great ma- 



326 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1762. 

jority, pass a vote that no stage plays be acted in said town ; 
yet the actors thereof, in defiance of said vote, and in defiance 
of the public authority of said town, have been, and are now, 
daily continuing to exhibit stage plays, and other theatrical 
performances ; — 

Be it therefore further enacted by the authority aforesaid, 
that in order more speedily to cause this act to be proclaimed 
where those persons may have the earliest notice thereof, that 
His Honor the Governor be, and he is liereby, requested to 
issue a warrant, directed to a proper officer or ofiicers, in said 
county of Providence, directing him or them, forthwith, on 
sight and receipt thereof, to immediately proclaim the aforesaid 
act, by beat of drum, through the streets of the compact part 
of said town of Providence ; any law, custom, or usage to the 
contrary hereof, in any wise, notwithstanding. 

Whereas, several of the inhabitants of the town of Newport, 
preferred a petition, and represented unto this Assembly, that 
the said town, in June last, ordered a rate of £12,000 to be 
made, to pay off the debts of the town ; that the rate-makers 
of the said town, did accordingly assess the said rate, and de- 
liver a bill in to have it collected ; that the said bill, in the 
opinion of the petitioners, is very unequally proportioned, and 
that upwards of one hundred persons are not rated therein, 
many of whom, are freeholders and freemen of the town ; and 
that from so great a number of persons being omitted, and 
comparing the sums against the names of those who are rated, 
they have the highest reason to think that the said rate is as- 
sessed in a very negligent, careless, or partial manner ; and 
thereupon, the petitioners prayed this Assembly to pass an act 
making void said rate, &c. ; on consideration whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the town of Newport be, and 
hereby is, directed and fully empowered to choose two or more 
rate-makers, to join with those already chosen ; that they, or 
the major part of them, be, and they are hereby, directed to ex- 
amine, correct and amend the afore mentioned rate, as soon as 
may be ; that if it shall appear, tliat the rates of those who 
have already paid, are too much or too little, that the collector 



1762.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 827 

pay the overplus or receive what shall be wanting ; and that 
if any more rates be ordered before the next town election, that 
those who shall be chosen, by virtue of this act, and those al- 
ready chosen, or the major part of them, shall proportion the 
same. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor, be, 
and he is hereby, requested to write to His Excellency General 
Amherst, and inform him, that the billeting rolls for the year 
1757, were presented to him, about a year and a half ago, by 
Col. Babcock, who informed the government they were not 
paid, by reason of some mistake in drawing them, which is 
now corrected ; and also to desire His Excellency to give or- 
ders for the payment of the said rolls ; and to request him, in 
case he shall decline paying them, to give a certificate thereof, 
and to inform the government where to apply for payment of 
the same. 

Whereas, the General Assembly, at the session held at New- 
port, on the second Monday in June last,' appointed Daniel 
Jenckes, Esq. and Mr. William Wheaton, a committee to com- 
plete the outside of the court house, in Providence, so far as to 
keep it from takmg damage, lay the floors, build the stairs, 
and complete two rooms in the chamber, suitable for the Gen- 
eral Assembly to sit in ; and empowered the said committee 
to draw out of the general treasury the sum of £ 10,000, for 
that purpose, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the above mentioned work be 
completed in such manner, that the said £10,000 will be suffi- 
cient to do the same. 

It is voted and resolved, that the general treasurer be, and 
he is hereby, directed to improve the money which Mr. Na- 
thaniel Mumford received of His Excellency General Amherst, 
and hath lodged in the treasury, in paying off the silver 
money judgments and bonds, due from the colony to particular 
persons ; and also, in discharging all such Crown Point bills 
and notes as are yet outstanding ; and that George Hazard, 
Esq. and Mr. Edward Thurston, Jr., be, and they are hereby, 



328 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1762. 

appointed a committee to burn all the Crown Point notes which 
have been paid, and are now lodged in the general treasury. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that all persons who 
have in their hands any of the lawful money bills, emitted in 
February and August, A. D. 1756, and in June, A. D. 1759, forth- 
with bring the same to the general treasurer, in order to be re- 
deemed with silver and gold ; and that all persons who shall 
neglect to bring into the general treasury such Crown Point 
bills and notes, and lawful money bills, emitted in February 
and August, A. D. 1756, and June, A. D. 1759, in their hands, 
within six months, from and after the rising of this Assembly, 
shall lose the benefit of having them exchanged ; and that the 
general treasurer be, and he is hereby, directed to give public 
notice thereof, in the Newport Mercury, three weeks suc- 
cessively. 

It is voted and resolved, that William Read, captain of Fort 
George, be, and he is hereby, directed and fully empowered to 
enlist six good men, upon the best terms he can, to serve as 
soldiers at said fort, during the pleasure of the General As- 
sembly^ 

Whereas, His Honor the Deputy Governor, Edward Scott 
and George Hazard, Esqs., and Messrs. Walter Cranston and 
William Richardson, who were appointed a committee, to ex- 
amine how much of all sorts of money hath been emitted upon 
the faith and credit of the government, presented unto this As- 
sembly the fullowing report, to wit : 

Report of the Committee appointed to examine into the amount of 
the t)ills of credit issued hy the colony. 

"We, the subscribers, being appointed by the General Assembly, a committee, to 
examine how much of all sorts of" bills hath been emitted upon the faith and credit 
of the government, do report : 

That of the several emissions preceding the 27th day of February, 1749, there 
Tvas outstanding at that time (as appears by a report then made to the General 
Assembly, a copy of which is herewith presented), the sum of £135,335 13s. Id. 

That it appears, by a report made to the General Assembly, In June, 1751, there 
was burnt of bills of credit, received for bills of exchange sold, the sum of £24,280 
2s., old tenor. 



1762.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 329 

That in October, 1 754, the General Assembly ordered a rate for £35,000, old 
tenor ; £10,000 of which, they appropriated for Fort George, and the remainder to 
sinking the colony's outstanding bills of credit, made to supply the treasury ; but 
there was only £13,792 applied to the sinking of the said bills; £11,208, collected 
by that rate, was exchanged for Crown Point bills, which were burnt, as appears 
by a report made to the Assembly, in August, 1756. 

In October, 1755, the General Assembly passed an act for a tax of £70,000, old 
tenor; and ordered that £40,000, thereof, should be appropriated towards sinking 
tbe colony's outstanding bills of credit, made and emitted to supply the general 
treasury, for defi-aying the charge of the then present expedition ; and the remain- 
ing £30,000 towards sinking the outstanding bills of credit, made and emitted to 
supply the treasury, for defraying the charge of former expeditions ; but by an act 
passed in February, following, the whole of that tax or rate was appropriated 
towards sinking the bills emitted for carrying on the expedition against Crown 
Point. 

In November, 1756, there was burnt in old tenor bills, collected by the said tax 
the sujn of £52,271 17s. 5d. ; of which, there was in Crown Point money, £l8,430 
3s. ; the remainder of the sum then burnt, amounting to £33,841 14s. 5d., was, by 
order of Assembly, taken out of the grand committee's office, and placed in the 
general treasury. 

However, it appears, by a report made to the General Assembly, in February, 
1758, that there was burnt £3,575 15s. lie?., old tenor, part of this rate made in 
1755. 

The tliree sums placed on the credit side of the account, amounting to £41,647 
17s. lie?., being deducted from the sum outstanding the 27th February, 1749, there 
remains £93,687 15s. 2d., old tenor, which is now outstanding in old, or rather 
new tenor bills, emitted upon the faith and credit of the government. 

There was emitted at the several times in the year 1 755, noted on the debt side 
of the account, the sum of £240,000 old tenor, in bills called Crown Point money, of 
which, as appears by the several reports made to the General Assembly, held at the 
times noted on the credit side, and by receipts given to the late general treasurer, 
Thomas Richardson, Esq., and to his executor, Mr. William Richardson, (copies of 
which receipts, we herewith present,) there hath been burntthesum of £236,678 3s. 
We think it proper to mention, that the Crown Point bills first placed in the ac- 
count as burnt, were burnt at two several times; first, £7,000, and afterwards, the 
£11,208, above mentioned; and that there was presented to the General Assem- 
bly, held in September, 1757, a report, dated May 27th, 1757, in which the com- 
mittee whomade that report, say, they had received and burnt £11,053 Is., Crown 
Point money ; but as we believe that sum was included in the receipt dated June 
2d, 1757, we have not placed it in the account. 

In the year 1756, there was emitted in bills called lawful money, the sum of 
£14,000; whereof, £8,000, was in bills dated in February, 1756, and £6,000, in 
bills dated in August, 1756. 

There was burnt of these lawful money bills, the sum of £4,000, as appears by a 
report made to the General Assembly, held the 14th of February, 1758; and the 
sum of £3,764 19s. 8d., in bills emitted in February, 1756, as appears by a receipt 
(a copy of which, we herewith present), given to the before mentioned general 
treasurer; there was also burnt the sum of £235 4c?., lawful money, emitted in 
February, 1756, as appears by a report made to the General Assembly, held in 

VOL. VL 42 



330 KECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1762. 

June, 1 759, which the committee that burnt it, say, is in full for said money ; it is in 
full for £8,000 ; but through inadvertence, the committee burnt some of the bills dat- 
ed in August, instead of those dated in February ; some of the latter being still extant. 

By the last mentioned report, it appears that the committee had burnt £5,605 
19s., August lawful money; and by a receipt, dated February £>th, 1761, given ta 
the aforesaid late general treasurer, it appears that tl>e committee had received of 
him, and burnt, £312 Os. M., August lawful money; and by another receii>t, dated 
May 29th, 1761, given to Mr. William Richardson, (a copy of both which receipts 
we herewith present,) it appears they had received of him, and burnt, £5- 5s. Gd., 
of said lawful money. The three sums of money last mentioned, together with £7& 
15s. 4c?., lawful money, in gold, dehvered by the said William Richardson, to the 
present general treasurer, Joseph Clarke, Esq., amount to £6,000 Os. Id., and will,, 
when the said gold is exchanged, complete the sinking of the whole £ 14,000, above 
mentioned. 

In May, 1658, there was emitted £ 10,000, lawfu.1 money, in bills carrying an in- 
terest of five cent, per annum ; and in pursuance of acts of Assembly, there have 
been several emissions since, of the like sort of bills, at the times noted on the debt 
side of the account, amounting, with the aforesaid emission in May, to the sum of 
£76,909 5s. 8</., lawful money ; of which, there hath been burnt £3,686 10s., in 
bills dated June 23d, 1759, and £6,819 10s. 9f/.,in bills dated May 8th, 1758 ; both 
sums, exclusive of interest on the bills, as appears by a report made to the General 
Assembly, in May last past. 

The general treasurer hath informed us that he hath in his hands, the sum of 
£62 4s. &d., in May bills, 1758; and the sum ot £l01, in June bills, 1759; and 
gold sufficient to redeem the remainder of the said June bills still outstanding. 

We submit this report to the Honorable General Assembly, and are their most 
tumble servants. 

JOHN GARDNER, WALTER CRANSTON, 

EDWARD SCOTT, WILLIA.M RICHARDSON- 

GEORGE HAZARD, 

Newport, August 13th, 1762. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sheriff of the county of 
Newport, he, and he is hereby, directed and fully empowered 
to take up all those persons yet remaining in this colony, who 
belonged to His Majesty^s ship Hussar, at the time the said 
ship was cast away upon the island of Hispaniola, and were 
lately brought to Newport, in a flag of truce, and send them^ 
as fast as taken up, to His Excellency General Amherst, at 
New York ; and that His Honor the Governor be, and he is 
hereby, requested to issue a proclauiatioii, commanding all offi- 
cers, both civil and military, in this colony, to use their utmost 
endeavors to apprehend all the afore mentioned persons, and 
send them to the sheriff of the county of Newport, in order to> 
be transported to New York, as aforesaid. 



1762.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 331 

An Act empowering the general treasurer to dispose of £8,000, 
sterling, being part of the money granted by the crown to 
the colonies, for reimbursing them the charges which arose 
on raising forces for the expedition in the year 1760. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be, 
and he is hereby, requested and empowered to give out beating 
orders to such persons as he shall think proper, to enlist as 
many good and effective men as they can, as recruits for the 
regular regiments, agreeably to the request of His Excellency 
General Amherst ; that such persons who shall be appointed to 
enlist said men, as aforesaid, shall apply to either of their 
Honors the Governor or Deputy Governor, or to either of the 
members of the committee of war, who reside in Newport, for 
money, to pay the bounty and billeting of such persons as 
shall be enlisted, as aforesaid ; and that their Honors the Gov- 
ernor and Deputy Governor, and the members of the commit- 
tee of war who reside in Newport, or either of them, be, and 
they are hereby, empowered to draw out of the lawful money 
emitted in the year 1760, now in the general treasury, such 
sums as shall be sufficient for the purpose, aforesaid. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that no bounty nor bil- 
leting shall be paid to any person who shall be enlisted, as 
aforesaid, until he pass muster, and be approved of by the offi- 
cer appointed by His Excellency General Amherst, to examine 
and approve of such as shall be enlisted for the aforesaid 
service. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that His Honor the 
Governor be, and he is hereby, requested to issue a proclama- 
tion agreeably to this act. 

Whereas, His Excellency General Amherst, by his letter of 
the 4th of this instant August, hath requested, that a compa- 
ny, consisting of sixty-four men and two officers, now in the 
service of this colony, may be retained therein during the 
winter, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof it is enacted, that a company of sixty- 



332 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1762. 

four men, and two officers, of the regiment now in the service 
of this colony, at Fort Stanwix, be retained there, until the 1st 
day of July next. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
every soldier who shall enlist into said company, shall be enti- 
tled to the same wages as is now allowed him ; and shall also 
receive, as a gratuity, over and above his wages, the sum of 
$10, one half whereof" to be paid him in the colony's clothing, 
now in the camp, and the other half in cash. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
George Cornell be, and he is hereby, appointed to command 
the said company ; and also directed, and fully empowered to 
enlist the same ; and that Col. Samuel Rose appoint the other 
officer to the said company, out of the first or second lieuten- 
ants, or ensigns, in the regiment ; giving the preference to the 
officer of the highest rank. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the commanding officer of the said company, shall be entitled 
to the same wages as are now allowed to a captain in the ser- 
vice of this colony, and the other officer to the same wages as 
are now allowed to a first lieutenant. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the remaining part of the regiment be transported b}^ water 
from Albany ; and that the committee of war procure proper 
vessels for that purpose, in due season ; and that if any person, 
belonging to the regiment, shall come home by land, it shall be 
at his own expense. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the committee of war send a copy of this act to Col. Rose, at 
the camp. 

God save the King. 



1762.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 333 



General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, 4th August, 1762. 
Sir: — The great and important services on which His Majesty's regular troops 
are now employed, and the uncertainty of their return, rendering it absolutely ne- 
cessary that provision should be made in time for garrisoning the several posts on 
this continent, during the winter, I must request you will take the earliest opportu- 
nity of moving your Assembly to provide for continuing in pay the same number 
of troops that remained during the last winter, viz. : 

One company, consisting of a captain, subaltern and sixty-four men ; and that 
you will be pleased to enforce the necessity of compljdng with this requisition, with 
such arguments as your zeal for His Majesty's honor, and the good of these colo- 
nies, will naturally suggest to you. 

I must observe, that the sooner the necessary provision is made, and the orders 
given for enHsting the men, the service will reap the greater advantages ; and I 
shall be the better enabled to send home the others, who are not to remain, before 
the rigorous season sets in. 

In the above numbers, no part of the detachment on the expedition is to be 
reckoned ; as I make no doubt but the service will admit of their return before the 
expiration of their time ; and what I now require, is entirely for the protection of 
the frontiers, and keeping up the necessary communication through the country. 

I cannot help taking notice, on this occasion, how little has been done by the 
colony of Rhode Island, towards raising the recruits for the i-egular corps ; which 
measure, if heartily entei'ed into by all the colonies, might have been a great means 
of not only enabling His Majesty to push the war with more vigor, but would, in 
the end, have eased the provinces perhaps of part of this very expense that I am 
now obliged to put them to. 

The backwardness discovered in your colony, in this particular, I must own, in 
my opinion, cannot fail of incurring His Majesty's displeasure ; and therefore I 
would fain flatter myself, that some effectual methods will yet be fallen upon, for 
complying with the King's demands, and furnishing the quota required. 

If it was necessary when first made, of which there can be no doubt, it is cer- 
tainly much more so now, that so many of the regiments, who are on actual ser- 
vice, must necessarily be thinned by the chance of war, and the change of the cli- 
mate, where they are employed ; and I must add, that the non-compliance of your 
colony, and of some of the other provinces, in furnishing the quota required, will, I 
fear, not only retard, but obstruct the future operations which were intended to be 
carried on in these parts, for distressing the enemy, so as to reduce them to accept 
of a peace, glorious to His Majesty's arms, and advantageous to his subjects in 
general. I am, with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMHEKST. 

To the Hon. Governor Ward. 



The Governor of Rhode Island to the Earl of Egreinont. 

NcAvport, on Rhode Island, Gth August, 1762. 
My Lord : — Having the honor to be chosen Governor of this colony, I think it 
my duty to acquaint Your Lordship with it, and to assure Your Lordship of my 



334 KECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1762. 

fidelity and attachment to His Majesty, and my zeal for his royal service, which 
will always excite me to execute such of His Majesty's commands as I may have 
the honor of receiving, with the utmost readiness and faithfulness. 

My predecessor had the honor of two letters from Your Lordship, dated 1 2th De- 
cember, 1761, one, respecting the raising the same number of provincials as were 
raised last year ; and the other, the raising some recruits for the regular corps. 

In consequence of the former, the government immediately voted the full num- 
ber of men required, being six hundred and sixty-six ; and it gives me a very sen- 
sible pleasure, to acquaint Your Lordship that the whole number, excepting about 
fifteen or twenty, were very early enlisted, and seasonably arrived at the places of 
destination appointed by General Amherst, excepting a few sick and deserted. 

In comphance with Your Lordship's other letter, the Assembly very readily 
voted the number of recruits for the regular regiments which General Amherst re- 
quired, gave them a large bounty, and appointed persons in different parts of the 
colony to enlist them ; but," notwithstanding these measures, there is so great a 
scarcity of men, occasioned by the provincial levies, and a spirit of privateering, 
which prevails much since the Spanish war, that the success has not yet answered 
our expectations ; but as all projier measures will be still pursued, I hope we shall 
soon make a greater progress in this service ; and as the government, from a just 
and o-rateful sense of His Majesty's paternal care and tenderness for all his sub- 
jects, and a true spirit of loyalty and duty, have, to the utmost of their power, com- 
plied with all His Majesty's commands, we humbly hope our endeavors for his royal 
service, will be graciously accepted. 

I have nothing, My Lord, to add, but my sincerest prayers that the Almighty 
may so prosper His Majesty's arms, that all his enemies may soon be compelled to 
submit to an equitable and honorable peace. 

I am, with the greatest respect, &c., &c., 

S. WARD. 

To the Right Honorable Earl of Egremont. 

Gen. Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Mand. 

New York, 22a August, 1762. 

Sir : — Lieut. Ged, of His Majesty's ship Intrepide, arrived here two days ago, 
and delivered me a letter from Mr. Ward, the secretary of Rhode Island, written 
in your Assembly, by order of the Deputy Governor, and several members of the 
General absence, acquainting me of the steps taken by them for re-enhsting the 
men lately belonging to the Hussar frigate, which was unfortunately lost upon 
Hispaniola, and that had been brought in a flag of truce to Newport. 

It was very commendable in the gentlemen of the Council to provide for these 
men on their arrival at Rhode Island ; but as they as much belong to the King's 
service as before the Hussar was lost, there was no necessity for re-enlisting them 
and I was greatly surpi-ised to find, by a list delivered in to me of the names of the 
men, that of forty-nine that came in the flag of truce, only twenty-five arrived here 
with Lieut. Ged ; the rest, it seems, having remained at Newport, and are suffered 
to go about there in other employments. 

I have, upon this occasion, ordered an advertisement to be inserted in the pa- 
pei's, of which the enclosed is a copy ; and I likewise transmit you a list of the 
men that have arrived licrc, as well as tliose that reraciin in your colony ; and must 



1762.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 335 

desire you will be pleased to give the necessary directions for recovering the latter, 
and order them to be sent to this place by the first opportunity, that they may be 
employed in the King's service, to wliich they certainly belong, or they must ex- 
pect to be treated as deserters ; and, if taken, punished accordino-ly, 
I am with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMHERST, 
To the Hon. Governor Ward. 

General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, August 30, 1762. 
Sir : — Having received intelligence that the enemy at Newfoundland, have sent 
a double decked schooner, commanded by an Irishman, whose name is not known, 
to some port of this continent, for a cargo of flour, I think it necessary to give you 
notice thereof, that you may take the proper measures for seizing the said vessel 
and crew, if she comes into any of the ports in your government. 

There is another Irishman on board, whose name is Casey, who has a bill of sale 
of the vessel, and is employed by the French to get the flour. By this, perhaps, 
the vessel may be discovered. 

I am, with great regard, &c. &c., 

JEFF. AMHERST. 
To the Hon. Governor Ward. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly^ held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, on the 1\st 
day of September, 1762. 

The Hon. Samuel Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is enacted, that for the future, every such 
member of the General Assembly, who shall not attend upon 
the first day of the session, shall forfeit and pay, as a fine, for 
the use of the house to which he belongs, the sum of £4, for 
every day's non-attendance, unless a reasonable excuse be 
made to the satisfaction of the house to which such member 
belongs. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
a certificate from the clerk of the lower house, to the secretary 



336 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1762. 

of the absence of any members of the lower house, shall be 
sufficient authority for the secretary to issue execution against 
such members ; and that the secretary keep an account of the 
members of the upper house, and issue execution, as aforesaid, 
against the delinquent members. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
an act passed at the session of the General Assembly, which 
was held in February, 1757, laying a fine of £10, upon the 
members of the upper house, for non-attendance, be, and the 
same is hereby, repealed. 

It is voted and resolved, that for the future, all the muster 
rolls and billeting rolls of the forces raised, and that shall be 
raised in the colony, shall be drawn, and such copies thereof as 
the government shall have occasion of, shall be made by the 
committee of war, or at their expense ; and be by them, deliv- 
ered to His Honor the Governor ; and that as often as any 
forces shall hereafter be raised in this colony, for His Majesty's 
service, the committee of war shall have all the muster rolls 
and billeting rolls of such forces, drawn out fairly, and deliver 
the same to His Honor the Governor, at the time of the march- 
ing, or embarkation of said forces. 

It is voted and resolved, that Edward Scott, Esq., Mr. Martin 
Howard and the secretary, be, and they are hereby, appointed 
a committee to revise the laws of this colony ; and that they, 
or the major part of them, perform the said business as soon as 
may be, in order to be put in print. 

It is voted and resolved, that each, and every member of 
the committee of war, be, and he is hereby, empowered and di- 
rected to apprehend all persons who have enlisted into the 
forces, raised by this colony, during the present war, and have 
deserted the service. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that if any person who 
hath deserted, shall, within thirty days after the rising of this 
Assembly, deliver himself up to some one of the committee of 
war, and shall refund the money advanced him, together with 
all the charges, of every nature and kind whatever, that the 
colony hath been put to on his account, the member of the 



1762.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 337 

committee of war, to whom he shall deliver himself up, shall 
receive the same, and give him a proper discharge from the 
colony's service ; which discharge shall indemnify him against 
all further prosecution, upon account of his desertion ; and 
that all deserters, who shall not deliver themselves up, and re- 
pay the colony, as aforesaid, shall be committed to His Majes- 
ty's jail in any county in this colony, and there remain until 
an opportunity offers of transporting them to New York, to be 
disposed of according to the directions that shall be given by 
His Excellency General Amherst, either as a recruit for the 
regular corps, or to be sent to Fort Stanwix, to receive such pun- 
ishment as may be inflicted, according to the discipline of the 
army, and to remain in the colony's service until discharged 
from the same. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the committee of 
war, from time to time make report to the General Assembly, 
of all the deserters that shall be apprehended, or deliver them- 
selves up, and such as they shall discharge ; and the committee 
of war shall be accountable for all the monies they shall re- 
ceive, as aforesaid ; and that the several members of the said 
committee of war put up notifications, in every town in the 
several counties where they respectively dwell, inserting there- 
in the substance of this act. 

An Act for supplying the general treasury with the sum of 
£8,000, lawful money, by levying a tax upon the inhabit- 
ants of this colony ; and also, with the sum £4,000, lawful 
money, to be forthwith emitted ; for paying off the officers 
and soldiers, in the service of this colony, upon their return 
from the present campaign. 

Whereas, there are at present two public seals in this col- 
ny, one of which is badly cut, and the other very much de- 
faced, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the secretary be, and 
he is hereby empowered to break the said seals, and improve 

VOL. VL 43 



338 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [17C2. 

the same, in procuring a new seal, to be made for the use of 
the colony, of the same form with the old seals ; and that what 
the said new seal shall cost, more than the value of the old 
ones, shall be paid out of the general treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that the general treasurer be, and he 
is hereby, directed not to deliver out to the committee of war, 
any of the £4,000, lawful money, ordered to be emitted at this 
session, until after the next session of Assembly ; and that 
each member of the committee of war lay before this Assem- 
bly, at the next session, an account of the number of forces 
he had the care of fitting out, and sending away, on the last 
campaign. 

God save the King. 

The Governor of Rhode Island to General Amherst. 

Newport, Rhode Island, September 6, 1762. 

Sir : — I have lately had the honor of receiving two letters from Your ExceP 
lency ; one, bearing date the 4th, and the other, the 2 2d August last. 

Upon my laying the first before the General Assembly, they, notwithstanding' 
the truly distressed circvimstances &f this colony, very readily voted the company of 
sixty-four m'en, agreeably to Your Excellency's request, and oi-dered the same 
bounty as was given last year. Capt. George Cornell, who is charged with this 
letter, is appointed captain of this company, and Col. Rose is empowered to appoint 
a subaltern. 

As Capt. Cornell is going immediately to the regiment, and I have written CoL 
Rose to do every thing in bis power ta forward tliis service, I hope the company 
wiU be seasonably enlisted, and that Your Excellency will be able to dismiss the 
remaining part of the regiment very soon ; this, at the same time that it saves the 
government a considerable ex]>en3e, will conduce much to the preservation of the 
mens' health, by preventing their being exposed to the rigorous season, v/hich usu- 
ally sets in late in the fall. 

It gives me the deepest concern that Your Excellency should koagine there is 
^ny backwardness in this government in raising the recruits for the regulars, and 
should be of opinion that this colony is in danger of incurring His Majesty's dis- 
pleasure ; but when Your Excellency considers that the number of men required, 
and the bounty proposed by Your Excellency were both readily voted, and per- 
sons appointed in each county to enlist the men, I cannot but flatter myself that Your 
Excellency will be convinced that the government hath discovered the greatest 
readiness to promote His Majesty's service in this, as well as other instances ; and 
that Your Excellency will be kind enough to represent the colony's conduct in 
this matter, in the most favorable light. 



1762.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 339 

Last week I issued a proclamation for forwarding this service. This day, Lieut. 
Newland hath appHed to me for blank enlisting orders, which he will deliver to 
such persons as he shall prevail upon to exert themselves in getting men. To- 
morrow I shall cause them to be made out ; and Your Excellency may depend up- 
on my utmost endeavors to promote this important service. 

In consequence of Your Excellency's other letter, relating to the seamen lately 
belonging to the Hussar frigate, I immediately gave the necessary orders for appre- 
hending and sending them to New York. 

Mr. Nathaniel Mumford, who waited on Your Excellency with the billeting rolls 
for 1757, '61 and '62, returned without receiving any money for the billeting in 
1757 ; and reported to the government, that as your command in America did not 
commence till after that year, you had no knowledge of the aifair. Upon which, 
the General Assembly have desired me to acquaint Your Excellency that about a 
year and a half ago, Col. Babcock presented these rolls for 1757, who informed the 
government the reason why they were not paid, was because there was some mis- 
take in drawing them. Since that time, they have been corrected, duly examined 
and properly attested, 

I now enclose them to Your Excellency, and desire you to give directions that 
this money be paid to such persons as the government shall appoint to receive it ; but 
if any thing (contrary to the expectation of the government) should prevent the 
payment of the money, I must ask the favor of Your Excellency's advice where 
and in what manner to apply to receive it. 

I am very sorry that I am obliged to write to Your Excellency a second time on 
this subject ; but the vigorous efforts made by this colony, for His Majesty's service, 
have been attended with such vast expenses, that the government is under the 
greatest necessity of pressing for such allowances as His Majesty has graciously 
been pleased to make to the colonies ; and I doubt not but Your Excellency will 
very readily give the necessary orders for payment of the money. 

I am, with the greatest regard, &c., &c., 

SAM. WARD. 

To His Excellency General Amherst. 

P. S. Since writing the above, I received Your Excellency's letter, respecting 
a vessel bound to the continent, with the design to purchase provisions for the use 
of the enemy, and immediately took the necessary steps to seize her, if she should 
arrive in any port in this colony. 



General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, 6th September, 1762. 

Sir : — 'Tis with the highest joy and satisfaction, that I can inform you of the re- 
duction of the Havannah ; having received letters from My Lord Albemarle, by 
the Enterprize man of war, which arrived here, at two o'clock, this morning. 

His Lordship acquaints me that the Moro fort was taken by storm, on the 30th 
July, very much to the honor and credit of the troops ; and on the 13th August, 
the Havannah, with its dependencies, surrendered, by capitulation, and is now 
added to His Majesty's conquests. 

The fatigues the troops have undergone during a long siege, are not be de- 



340 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1762. 

scribed ; and the spirit and resolution with which they have carried on the differ- 
ent operations in that climate, are not to be equalled. 

It gives me a particular satisfaction that the troops furnished, on this occasion, 
by your colony, ai-rived in time, to partake of the honors reaped by so noble rx con- 
quest. I am, with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Ward. 

General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, 15th September, 1762. 

Sir : — I am to own the favor of your letter of the 6th instant, which was deliv- 
ered to me a few days ago, by Capt. Cornell, who set out immediately for Fort 
Stanwix, where I am hopeful he will soon be able to execute the commands you 
had given him, in consequence of the vote of Assembly, for re-enlisting a company 
of men, to serve during the winter. 

I am much obliged to you, for taking the earliest opportunity of laying my re- 
quisition before the Assembly, and to them for their ready and cheerful compliance 
therewith. 

The measures you are now taking for raising the recruits demanded for the reg- 
ular corps, will, I trust, have the desired effect, which I shall be very glad to 
learn ; and you may be assured, it is always a pleasure to me, to have it in my 
power to make favorable reports to the King's ministers, of the conduct of his 
colonies. 

With regard to the billeting money, due for the year 1757, the rolls of which 
have been several times laid before me, and which have been always returned, be- 
cause I did not think myself authorized to settle them, being prior to my com- 
mand, I am to acquaint you, that the same objections still subsist ; but I have now 
directed Lieut. Col. Robertson, the deputy quarter master general, to make a re- 
port to me, in writing, of what he knows concerning these accounts, a copy of 
which, you will receive herewith ; and I likewise return you the billeting rolls, as I 
cannot take upon me to order payment for them. 

I am, with great regard, &c., &e., 

JEFF. AMHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Ward. 



1762.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 341 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, on the last 
Wednesday in October, 1762. 

The Hon. Samuel AVard, Governor. 

The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

An Act empowering the general treasurer to dispose of £8,861 

125., sterling, being part of the sum granted by the crown to 

the colonies. 

[This was a part of the grant made by Parliament, for re- 
imbursing the northern colonies for the expenses incurred by 
them in the expedition of 1760, for the reduction of Canada.] 

Whereas, Joseph Sherwood, Esq., agent for this colony, in 
Great Britain, hath informed this colony that a part of the 
grant made by the Parliament, to reimburse the northern colo- 
niess the charge of the expedition in the year 1760, is retained 
by the lords commissioners of the treasury, until information 
be had of the number of forces sent into the field by each colo- 
ny in that year, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that His Honor the Gov- 
ernor be, and he is hereby requested to write to His Excellen- 
cy Sir Jeffrey Amherst, and desire him to transmit him a copy 
of the return of the number of men sent into the field by each 
government, in the year 1760; and compare the account 
therein given of the forces sent by this colony, with the re- 
turn made by the colonel of the regiment ; and upon finding 
the same correct, transmit the same to the agent as soon as 
possible. 

It is voted and resolved, that Nathan Rice and Elisha 

Brown, Esqs., be sued for what is due from them to the colony ; 

provided, nevertheless, that if the said Elisha Brown, shall, 

within three weeks after the rising of this^ Assembly ,^settle 

nd adjust his accounts, as a member of the committee of war, 



342 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1762. 

with the committee appointed to audit his accounts, that- then 
no suit shall be commenced against him, till further orders 
from this Assembly. 

Whereas, Capt. Simeon Potter, preferred a petition, and 
represented unto this Assembly, that at the superior court, 
held in Bristol, in November, 1761, a bill of indictment was 
found against him, for an assault said to be made upon the 
Pv.ev. Mr. John Usher ; that in consequence thereof, a verdict 
was found against him, and he was fined £500 ; and the said 
Simeon Potter having, in the said petition, assigned divers rea- 
sons, to show that he was greatly injured, prayed this Assem- 
bly that the bill, conviction, sentence and records, relating to 
the premises, may be nullified, and rendered absolutely void, 
and that he be not compelled to pay the said fine and costs ; 
on consideration whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said petition be, and the 
same is hereby, referred to the next session ; and that in the 
mean time execution be stayed. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be, 
and he is hereby, requested to procure to be drawn up, a state 
of the case respecting the sugars seized at Providence, in 
April, 1761 ; one-third, whereof, was condemned to the King, 
and lodged in the general treasury, &c., and lay the same be 
fore this Assembly, at the next session ; together with all the 
letters he hath received from Mr. Temple, and copies of all the 
letters sent to him by His Honor the Governor. 

God save the King. 

Public Ads passed during the ?j car 1762. 

[The following acts will be found at length in the printed " Schedules," or acts 
of the General Assembly, for the year 1762.] 
An Act to repeal an act, entitled " An act to prevent bringing the murrain into 

this colony, from ISorth Carolina," passed October, 1759. (March.) 
An Act for supplying the treasury with £2,000, lawful money. (May.) 
An Act in addition to the several acts relating to jurors. (June.) 
An Act to ascertain the number uf juroi's to attend on the courts, iu Newport 

county. (June.) 
An additional Act providing for the more speedy extinguishing of fires in Newport. 

(June ) 



1762.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 343 



An Act to naturalize Jolin Morell, of Newport, late a subject of the king of Spain. 
(August.) 

An Act in addition to tlie several acts, regulating the manner of admitting free- 
men, and electing officers in tliis colony. (September.) 

An Act emijowering justices of the peace to try actions not exceeding forty shil- 
lings, lawful money. (September.) 

An additional Act enabling the town council of each town, to grant licenses for 
retailing strong liquors. (October.) 

An Act in amendment of the last act of the General Assembly, for the relief of in- 
solvent debtors in jail. (October.) 

An Act empowering the general treasurer to issue to the several members of the 
council of war the $4,000 ordered to be emitted in September last. (October.) 

General Aiiiherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, 13th October, 1762. 

Sir : — I have the satisfaction to inform you, that by the Gosport man of war, just 
now arrived from St. Johns, I have received letters from My Lord Colville and 
Lieut. Col. Amherst, acquainting me that the ships under His Lordship's command, 
and the troops under the command of Lieut. Col. Amherst, had re-taken St. 
Johns, the gai-rison, consisting of seven hundred and seventy men, under the com- 
mand of the Compte De Housonville, having surrendered by capitulation, on the 
18th September, to be prisoners of war ; whereby that place, and consequently the 
whole island of Newfoundland, becomes again entirely into His Majesty's posses- 
sion. This gives me a particular pleasure, as the dislodging the enemy from 
thence, is of so much consequence to the trade of this continent. 

I enclose you a copy of the articles of capitulation, as they have been transmitted 
to me by Lieut. Col. Amherst. 

I am, with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Ward. 

The Governor of Rhode Island to General Amherst. 

Newport, 11th November, 1752. 

Sir : — The early advice which Tour Excellencj^ was so good as to give me, of 
the important conquests of the Havanna, and that part of Newfoundland which the 
French had taken, gave me the highest satisfaction. The officers and troops have 
done themselves and their country great honor, and the advantages accruing 
therefrom to the nation, must be of the greatest importance. 

I have lately received a letter from the agent for this colony, advising me that 
when the Parliamentary grant to this colony, for 1760, was to be distributed, the 
agents for some of the colonies insisted that the money should not be distributed as 
former grants had been, agreeably to the number of men voted by the several gov- 
ernments, but agreeably to the number of men actually raised and sent into the 
field. 

Whereupon, it was agreed, by the respective agents, and approved by the lords 
of the treasury, that the money should be distributed according to the former pro- 



344 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1762. 

portion, excepting the sura of £10,000, which was left in the treasury, to be divided 
afterwards according to the merits of the respective colonies ; and as Your Excel- 
lency's return will probably be the standard by which the said money will be pro- 
portioned, I shall take it as a particular favor if Your Excellency will oblige me 
with a copy of the return of the men actually sent into the field by the several 
governments, in the year 1760. 

I have the pleasure to acquaint Your Excellency, that Capt. Cornell, in a letter 
which I lately received from liim, advises me that he had enlisted fifty-nine men, 
and expected in a few days, to complete his company. 

I am, with very great regard, &c., &c., 

S. WARD. 

To His Excellency General Amherst. 

Letters from General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, 21st November, 1762. 
Sir: — I have received the favor of your letter of the 11th inst., in answer to 
which, I am to acquaint you, that in obedience to directions from the lords commis- 
sioners of His Majesty's treasury, I have made out retm-ns of the troops furnished 
by the several provinces, in the years 1760, 1761 and 1762, which I shall transmit 
to their lordships by the first opportunity, and therefore it is unnecessary to send 
you a copy, as the men raised by the colony of Rhode Island are included in the 
o-eneral return, and that the lords of the treasury will no doubt abide by the oi-igi- 
nal one transmitted by me. 

I am, with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMPIERST. 
To the Hon. Governor Ward. 

New York, 23d November, 1762. 

Sir: — Part of the transports which sailed from the Havanna, on the 21st Octo- 
ber, under convoy of His Majesty's ship Intrepide, being arrived here, I gave im- 
mediate orders for examining the men, that such as were in too weak a condition 
to be moved, might be received into the hospital, where all possible care shall be 
taken of them ; and the rest sent to their respective provinces, as I conL-lu<le all 
that are able to bear that fatigue, will be glad to get home. 

A transport is now ready to receive the men of your colony that are arrived, and 
are fit to be sent ; and this will be delivered to you by the commanding officer, who 
has my orders to land the men at Newport, as the most centrical place ; immedi- 
ately on the arrival of the rest, the like care shall be taken of them. 

But I am extremely sorry to find, by the returns of those that are already come 
in, their losses at -the Havannah have been great; and that many have died on the 
passage, owing, I fear, to the sudden transition from the warm to a cold climate. 
I am with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Ward. 



1762.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 345 



TheEarlof Egremont to the Governor and Compani/ of Rhode Island. 

Whitehall, 27th November, 1762. 

Gentlemen : — It is with great pleasure that I now acquaint you, that on the 8th 
instant, a messenger ari-ived from the Duke of Bedford, with the preliminary arti- 
cles of peace, which had been signed on the 3d of this month, at Fontainbleau, by 
His Grace, and the plenipotentiaries of France and Spain ; and another messenger 
having yesterday brought the ratifications of the said prehminaries, which had been 
exchanged at Versailles on Monday last. His Majesty was pleased immediately to 
order a pj-oclamation to be published, declaring a cessation of arms, as well by sea as 
land, which I enclose herewith; and am commanded to signify His Majesty's plea- 
sure to you, that you cause the same to be published in all the proper places under 
your government, to the end that all His Majesty's subjects there may pay due 
obedience thereto, and strictly observe the same. 

I congratulate you most sincerely on this fortunate issue of the King's unwearied 
endeavors to put an end to the calamities of so long and destructive a war, by re- 
storing, as far as has depended on His Majesty, the general peace and tranquility. 

I am, with great regard, &c., &c., 

EGREMONT. 

To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 

General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, 8th December, 1 762. 

Sir : — Recruiting parties being arrived here from the several regiments at the 
Havauna, I am dividing them among the provinces. 

Rhode Island I have allotted for the 48th regiment, and shall grant beating or- 
ders accordingly ; the officers have particular instructions for enlisting the men, in 
which I must, in a most earnest manner, rec^uest you wijl give them your counten- 
ance and assistance. 

And that this may not in the least slacken the means used in furnishing the 
quota of recruits demanded by the King, I am to desire you will be pleased to 
continue the colony bounty (although I have called a,way Lieut. Newland,) until 
the whole is completed ; and such men as are enlisted by that bounty, will be re- 
ceived by the recruiting officers on the same footing as was stipulated by my first 
proposals. 

The necessity of using every method to get recruits, is now become more urgent 
than ever, from the great losses the several corps have sustained by the unhealthy 
climate of the West Indies, and the hard services they have been upon. 

I am, with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF, AMHERST. 

To the Hon. Governor Ward. 
VOL. VL 44 



346 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [176d. 



The Governor of Rhode Island to Capt. George Cornell 

Newport, 28tli December, 1762. 

Sir : — I am now to acknoTvledg-e my having received two letters from you, since 
you lefl the colony, and that I was much pleased that you enlisted your company 
so early. Your request for a doctor, I laid before the Assembly, who having done 
nothing thereon, the committee of war have now sent you Doctor Brown, who, I 
doubt not, will be very agreeable to you and the troops under your command. 

Mr. Dowe, in his account, has charged the colony a large sum delivered you for 
the winter's company ; but I hope you have been so prudent as to take up nothing 
but what was really necessary ; for at the same time that I would have all due care 
taken of the troops, I must recommend it to you to be particularly careful not to 
put the colony to any useless or unnecessary expenses. 

I wish you and the troops under your command, an agreeable winter ; and am^ 
ir, &c., &c., S. WARD. 

To Capt. George Cornell. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Eliooe 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the last Mon- 
day of Fehruari/f 1763. 

The Hon. Samuel Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof it is enacted, that the committee appoint- 
ed to finish the colony house in Providence, may make and put 
up in the council chamber, in said house, convenient shelves, 
or cases, for the books belonging to the Providence Library ; 
and that the proprietors of the said library may keep their 
books therein ; provided, always, that the said proprietors do 
pay all expense that shall arise in making the said shelves and 
cases ; and moreover, do permit the members of the General 
Assembly the free inspection of the books during the session 
of the General Assembly, without carrying them out of the 
house. 

Whereas, Messrs. Robert Gibbs, Jabez Bowen, Darius Ses- 
sions, John Dexter, Ephraim Bowen and Samuel Nightingale, 



1763.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 347 

the committee of the Presbyterian, or Congregational Society, 
in the town and county of Providence, preferred a petition, and 
represented unto this Assembly, that the said society, for a 
long season, have been destitute of a settled gospel minister ; 
that being willing to promote their own, as well as the best in- 
terest of the community to which they belong, they very much 
desire to be restored to gospel order ; that the circumstances 
of the said society are such, that it seems almost impracticable, 
without the interposition of this Assembly, by granting a lot- 
tery, agreeably to the under-written scheme, to lay a sure foun- 
dation for a decent support to any worthy gentleman disposed 
to undertake the charge ; that as the peace, harmony and hap- 
piness of all communities, are much in proportion to their 
growth in virtue and knowledge ; that as the procuring a par- 
sonage, to lie forever for said society, as the place of resi- 
dence for their pastor or minister, will not only greatly 
strengthen their hands, but have a good influence on both 
knowledge and virtue ; that as from the large encouragements 
given by a number of gentlemen in the neighboring govern- 
ments, if the said lottery be granted, the greater part of the 
tickets will undoubtedly be sold out of, and bring a real value 
into the colony ; and thereupon, they prayed this Assembly to 
grant a lottery of £3,840, lawful money, the deduction to be 
£560, lawful money ; that the necessary expenses being first 
deducted, the remainder be appropriated to the purchasing a 
parsonage, which shall be, and remain to the said society for 
ever. 

[The petition was granted, the lottery was called, and 
Messrs. Samuel Nightingale, James Green, Grindal Rawson, Wil. 
liam Wheaton, David Burr, Jr., Nathaniel Balch, Jabez Bowen^ 
Jr. and Jonathan Arnold, all of Providence, were appointed 
managers of the Providence Presbyterian Parsonage Lottery,] 

Whereas, Nathaniel Searle, Esq., and others, preferred a pe- 
tition, and represented unto this Assembly, that there is no 
harbor in the town of Little Compton, excepting one called 
Church's Harbor, which, lying just at the mouth of the river 
thiit runneth up on the east side of Rhode Island, is very much 



348 llEOORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1763. 

exposed to north-westerly winds, by reason whereof, it is very 
difficult to procure vessels to come into said harbor, to land 
timber, wood, boards and other merchandise; that a good 
wharf, built in the said place, will render the same a good and 
convenient harbor for all coasting vessels and others, bound 
from the eastward to Newport, or up the river, or to Provi- 
dence, when they meet with a head wind, and will prevent a 
great many vessels from being driven to sea, or cast away ; 
that the building the said wharf will be very serviceable for 
carrying on the cod fishery, which will be attended with great 
public, as well as private benefit ; that the town of Little 
Compton is not able to raise a sufficient sum of money to build 
the said wharf, they being very much reduced in their estates, 
by reason of high taxes, and their crops of corn and hay falling 
short, there not being one half of the hay cut, or stock kept, as 
in former years ; and thereupon, the said petitioners prayed 
this Assembly to grant a lottery, consisting of two classes, to 
raise the sum of £6,000, old tenor, to be applied to the build- 
ing a wharf at the aforesaid harbor ; and that William Hall 
and Thomas Church, Esqs,, Messrs. Samuel Bailey, Thomas 
Brownel, Aaron Wilbour, Simeon Palmer, William Richmond, 
Jr. and Henry Wood, be appointed directors of the said lot- 
tery ; upon consideration of which, — 

It is voted and resolved, that said petition be granted. 

Whereas, Thomas Lapham, Esq., and others, preferred a pe- 
tition, and represented unto this Assembly, that there is great 
need of a bridge to cross Pawtucket River, at or near the 
Furnace Unity, in Cumberland, there being no bridge within 
five miles up, and six miles down the said river, from that 
place; that inhabitants live thick on each side of the river, many 
of Avhom have improvements on both sides ; and at many times 
in the year, for weeks together, there is no passing over with 
cart or horse ; that there is an open high road from Smithfield 
to Boston, over the river at that place, where also stands a 
grist mill, of very large custom from Smithfield, when the river 
is fordable, and no other within many miles ; and that there 
are more than one thousand tons annually carted to and frdm 



1763.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 349 

the said furnace, great part whereof, is carted across the river, 
when fordable ; and thereupon, the said petitioners prayed this 
Assembly to grant a lottery, for raising the sum of £400, law- 
ful money bills, for the building a bridge at the said place ; 
and that Messrs. Israel Wilkinson, Stephen Whipple, Jonathan 
Gulley, Abner Laphara, Joseph Davis and John Fisk, may be 
appointed managers of the said lottery ; on consideration 
whereof, — 

Tt is voted and resolved, that the foregoing petition be, and 
the same is hereby, granted ; provided, that the directors give 
bond according to custom ; and that no charge accrue to the 
colony by reason thereof 

Whereas, several merchants, and others, inhabitants of the 
town of Providence, preferred a petition, and represented unto 
this Assembly, that a draw-bridge, at Weybosset, will be of the 
greatest utility, as a large part of the town is situated along 
by the water, above the bridge, in which quarter a great trade 
is carried on ; that hitherto, for want of a draw-bridge, the 
transportation of heavy goods hath been attended with diffi- 
culty and great expense ; and that part of the bridge hath al- 
ways been taken down to get through new vessels launched 
above, which is not only chargeable and inconvenient, but 
weakens and impairs the bridge itself; and that if there was a 
draw-bridge, nobody would be incommoded thereby ; and it 
would tend greatly to the promotion of tnide ; and thereupon, 
the said petitioners prayed this Assembly to grant a lottery, to 
raise the sum of £90, lawful money bills, to be appropriated 
(or the purpose, aforesaid ; and that Messrs. Nathan Angell, 
Joseph Russell, Ambrose Page. John Smith, Job Smith and 
John Brown, son of Elisha, may be appointed directors of the 
said lottery ; on consideration whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the foregoing petition be, and 
the same is hei'eby, granted ; provided, that the directors give 
bond, according to custom ; and that no charge accrue to the 
colony by reason thereof 

Whereas, a petition signed by a number of persons, was 
preferred unto this Assembly, representing that the variable 



350 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1763. 

and very uncertain state of the currency of this colony ; the 
endless confusion and disorder attending all business by reason 
thereof, and the many injuries suffered by the less knowing, 
and more unwary part of the people, are such grievances as call 
for the reforming hand, and assisting power of the legislature ; 
that they are of opinion, that the ordering all accounts to be 
kept, and securities taken, in lawful money ; the value of silver 
and gold ascertained, that is, a dollar weighing seventeen penny 
weight and twelve grains, to be of the value of six shillings, law- 
ful money, and so in a greater or less proportion, and gold at an 
equivalent value; and the ordering in what manner old tenor 
debts shall be discharged, will be the most effectual means to 
remedy those mischiefs and disorders ; and thereupon, the said 
petitioners prayed this Assembly to take the same into con- 
sideration, and pass an act, or provide such other remedy as 
may remove the difficulties before mentioned, as shall be 
thought best ; on consideration whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. George Jackson, John 
Aplin and Nicholas Brown, be, and they, or the major part of 
them, are hereby appointed a committee, to take the said peti- 
tion into consideration, and to prepare a bill respecting the 
matters and things therein i;ontained ; and that they make re- 
port to this Assembly as soon as conveniently may be. 

Whereas, His Honor the Governor, in pursuance of a vote of 
the General Assembly, passed at the last session, did lay before 
this Assembly a state of the affair of the sugars condemned at 
Providence, in April, 1761 ; and the said report of His Honor 
the Governor being read, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, re- 
ferred to the next session ; and that in the mean time Mr. 
John Aplin be, and he is hereby, requested and empowered to 
draw up a complete state of all the controversies between the 
p-overnment and the custom house officers, and lay the same 
before this Assembly at the next session, in order to be sent 
home. 

God save the King. 



1763.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 351 



The Governor of Rhode Island to the Earl of Egremont, 

Newport, 14th February, 1763. 

My Lord : — On the 6th instant, I had the honor of receiving Your Lordshij^'s 
letter of the 27th November last, enclosing the King's proclamation, declaring a 
cessation of arms, as well by sea as land ; and on Tuesday following, I published 
the same, to the great satisfaction of all His Majesty's subjects in this colony. 

The calamities of this long and destructive war, were so very extensive, and so 
many of His Majesty's brave subjects have necessarily been lost in the many perils 
of war, that it must give every person of humanity the highest pleasure to see His 
Majesty's unwearied, endeavoi's for restoring the general tranquillity, attended with 
such success. I am, with the greatest respect, &c., &c., 

SAM. WARD. 

To the Right Honorable the Earl of Egremont. 

PROCLAMATION. 

' By the Hon. Samuel Ward, Esquire, Governor, Captain General and Commander 
in Chief of, and over the English colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plan- 
tations, in New England in America. To all unto whom these presents shall 
come, greeting : 

Be it known, that in pursuance of His Majesty's orders, signified to me by a let- 
ter from the Right Honorable the Earl of Egremont, one of His Majesty's priu(;ipal 
secretaries of state, a cessation of arms between His Brittannic Majesty, His Most 
Christian Majesty, His Catholic Majesty, and His Most Faithful Majesty, and their 
respective vassals and subjects, as well by sea as land, in all parts of the world, was" 
published on Tuesday, the 8th instant, at Newport, in the colony, aforesaid. 

Given under my hand and the seal of the said colony, this 15th day of February, 
1763, and in the third year of the reign of His Most Sacred Majesty George 
the Third, by the grace of God, King of Great Britain, &c. 

SAM. WARD. 
By His Honor's command, 
Heary Ward, Secretary." 

General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, March 30, 1763. 

Sir: — I am to thank you for your letter of the 10th instant, which was delivered 
to me two days ago, by Lieut. Newland, who acquaints me that, although he waited 
on the Assembly, in order to obtain the allowance for billeting for himself and 
party, agreeably to an act passed some years ago, and which, he tells me, has not 
been repealed, he received no satisfaction on that head. The allowance to officers' 
recruiting parties, for quarters, when on that duty, having been constantly made. 

I am surprised that any difficulties should have arisen at this time ; and I must 
beg the favor you will settle this matter in such a way, that the officer you may 



352 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1763. 

send with the billeting accounts of the Rhode Island troops for last year, may al- 
low a stoppage to be made for Lieut. Newland, agreeably to the enclosed charge, 
which is a copy of what he has delivered in to me. The sooner you send those ac- 
counts, the better, that they may be settled. 

I am, with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AIVIHERST. 
To the Hon. Governor Ward. 

The Governor of Rhode Island to General Amherst. 

Newport, 23d April, 1763. 

Sir : — I had the honor of Your Excellency's letter, of the 30th March last, re- 
specting Lieut. Newland's account ; but as the General Assembly, when that mat- 
ter was laid before them, refused payment, and were of opinion that the act upon 
which Mr. Newland founded his demand, did not extend to any recruiting officers 
or party, but was confined solely to the privates, who might be recruited by such 
officer or party, it is not in my power to consent to a stoppage being made out 
of any monies due the colony. 

The account of billeting paid for the men raised by Lieut. Newland, is made out; 
and also an account of the expenses the government were at for the seamen lately 
belonging to His Majesty's ship Hussar ; but the General Assembly having ap- 
pointed no person to receive the money, the sending these accounts must be omitted 
until their next session. 

I am, with the greatest respect, &c., &c., S. WARD. 

To His Excellency Gen. Amherst. 

The Lords Commissioners of Trade and Plantations to the Gov- 
ernor and Compan/j of Rhode Island. 

Whitehall, April 29, 1763. 
Gentlemen : — His Majesty having appointed us commissioners for promoting the 
trade of this kingdom, and for inspecting and improving His Majesty's foreign colo- 
nies and plantations ; we take this earliest opportunity of acquainting you there- 
with, and transmitting to you the enclosed copy of the order of His late Majesty in 
council ; by which the correspondence between this board and the governors of His 
Majesty's colonies, is regulated and ascertained, together with copies of the letters from 
the secretary of state to this board, and to the said governors, explaining this or- 
der, and the additional instructions given to the governors in consequence thereof. 
This order and explanatory letters, will mark out to you the manner in which 
you are to carry on your correspondence witli this board, and you will govern 
yourselves accordingly. 

We are, gentlemen, your most ol:)e(lient servants, 

SHELBURNE, R BACON, 

-JOHN YORKE, ORWELL, 

SOAME JENYNS, BAMBER GASCOYNE. 

GEO. RICE, 
To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 



1763.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 353 



The Lords Commissioners of Trade and Plantations to the Gov- 
ernor and Company of Rhode Island. 

Whitehall, April 29, 1763; 
Gentlemen : — The King having judged it proper that a public thanksgiving to 
Almighty God, should be observed throughout all Jiis Majesty's colonies in Ameri- 
ca, on the happy conclusion of the peace, we have received His Majesty's com- 
mands to signify to you his royaljpleasure, that you^do, upon receipt of this letter, 
appoint a proper and early day of thanksgiving to be observed by all His Majesty's 
good subjects under your government, in such manner and with such forms of 
prayer as have been usual on like occasions. 

We are, gentlemen, your most obedient, humble servants, 
ORWELL, P. BACON, 

BAJVIBER GASCO^fNE, JOHN YORKE, 

SHELBURNE, GEO. RICE. 

SOAME JENYNS, 
To the Governor and Company of the colony of Rhode|Island. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, ai Newport, tlie first Wednes- 
day of May, 1763. 

The Hon. Samuel Ward, Governor. 

The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

The following officers, declared elected, were duly engaged 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. James Honeyraan, Mr. Joseph Lippitt, 

Mr. Peleg Thurston, Mr. Jonathan Randall, 

Mr. Nicholas Tillinghast, Mr. Samuel Brownell, 

Mr. Darius Sessions, Lieut. Col. Joseph Haszard, 

Mr. John Almy, Mr. Thomas Church. 
VOL. VI. 45 



354 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND 



[1763. 



DEPUTIES. 



Newport 
Mr. Gideon Wanton, Jr., 
Mr. John Wanton, 
Mr. George Hazard, 
Mr. Benjamin Greene, 
Mr. Daniel Ayrault, Jr., 
Capt. William Read. 

Providence. 
Mr. Daniel Jenckes, 
Mr. George Jackson, 
Mr. James Angell, 
Mr. Eseck Hopkins. 

Portsmouth. 
Mr. John Shearman, Jr. 
Mr. David Anthony, 
Mr. Thomas Brownell, 
Mr. Enoch Butts. 

Warwick. 
Mr. Philip Greene, 
Mr. Othuiel G(nt(m, 
Col. James Arnold, 
Mr. Abraham C^hace. 

Westerli/. 
Col. William Pendleton, 
Mr. George Sheffield. 
New Shoreham. 
Capt. Edward Sands, 
Mr. John Littlefield. 

North Kingstown. 
Mr. Ezekiel Gardner, 
Mr. Samuel Boone, Jr. 
South Kingstown. 
Mr. Rowland Robinson, 
Mr. Stephen Haszard, Jr. 



East Greemvich. 
Major John Arnold, 
Mr. Thomas Aldrich. 

Jamestoivn. 
Mr. Isaac Howland, 
Mr. Nicholas Carr. 
Sniithjield. 
Mr. Caleb Aldrich, 
Mr. Stephen Whipple. 

Scituate. 
Capt. Job Randall, 
Mr. Charles Harris. 

Glocester. 
Mr. Richard Steere, 
Mr. Jonathan Harris. 

Charlestoim. 
Capt. Robert Potter, 
Capt. John Champlin. 

West Greenwich. 
Capt. Charles Carr, 
Mr. Benjamin Tillinghast. 

Coventry. 
Mr. Caleb Greene, 
Mr. Obadiah Johnson. 

Exeter. 
Capt. John Reynolds, 
Mr. John Chapman. 
Middlctown. 
Mr. James Barker, Jr., 
Mr. William Bailey. 

Bristol. 
Mr. William Bradford, 
Capt. Simeon Potter, 



1763.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 355 



DEPUTIES. 

Tiverton. Richmond. 

Mr. Jonathan Davel, Capt. Benjamin Barber, 

Mr. Samuel Durfee. Mr. David Potter. 
Little Compton. Cranston. 

Mr. William Hall, Capt. Matthew Manchester, 

Mr. Oliver Hilyard. Capt. Richard Searle, Jr. 

Warren. Hopkinton. 

Mr. Cromell Child, Major Joshua Clarke, 

Major Nathaniel Peck. Mr. John Maxson, Jr. 

Cumberland. Johmton. 

Mr. John Dexter, Mr. Andrew Harris. 
Mr. Job Bartlett. 

John Dexter, Esq., speaker, Josias Lyndon, Esq., clerk. 

Mr. Henry Ward, secretary. 
Mr. Augustus Johnston, attorney general. 
Mr. Joseph Clarke, general treasurer. 

Edward Scott, Esq., chief justice of the superior court of 
judicature, court of assize and general jail delivery, 

SHERIFFS OF THE SEVERAL COUNTIES. 

Newport county, Mr. Samuel Brenton. Proiirlence cmntv, 
Mr. Allin Brown. Kings county, Mr. Beriah Brown. Bristol 
county, Mr. John Brown. Kent county, Mr. Henry Rice. 

It is voted and resolved, that all the soldiers who have been 
raised by this colony, for the Rhode Island regiments, and 
have deserted at any time heretofore from the same^ shall be 
forgiven the crime of desertion, upon their paying, or causing 
to be paid, to the general treasurer of this colony, all the 
money they have received of the committee of war before they 
marched from the colony. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that all the laws made 



356 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1763. 

by this colony, for the apprehending deserters, be, and they 
are hereby, repealed. 

It is voted and resolved, that the printer, at Newport, and 
also the printer at Providence, send to the clerk of the lower 
house, the terms that each of them will print the colony's busi- 
ness at ; and that he that will do it for the least, shall have the 
business ; and if equal, the printer at Newport shall have the 
preference. 

God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly^ held for the Colony of Ehode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, on the second 
Monday of June, 1763. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, several of the inhabitants of,, the town of Provi- 
dence, preferred a petition, and represented unto this Assem- 
bly, that the new street in Providence, running directly from 
the Great Bridge, up to the westward, wants a great deal of 
filling up and raising, to render it commodious, and that if the 
same was put into good passable repair, it would be greatly 
used, as it leads in a direct line to and from the bridge ; that 
it is almost impossible to put the said street into good order 
by the usual way of the inhabitants of the district working 
upon it, as the district is small, and has a great deal of other re- 
pairs upon its hands ; and thereupon, they prayed this Assembly 
that a lottery may be granted, to raise the sum of £100, law- 
ful money, for the purpose, aforesaid, in one or more classes, as 
the directors shall think most convenient ; and that Messrs. 
Jacob Whitman, Knight Dexter, Philip Potter and Samuel 
Low, all of Providence, may be appointed the directors j on 
consideration whereof, — 



1763.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 357 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer in the foregoing pe- 
tition contained, be, and the same is hereby, granted, under 
the same regulations as the lotteries lately granted for raising 
money to pave the streets in Providence. 

Whereas, a considerable number of the Narragansett tribe of 
Indians, within this colony, preferred a petition, and represent- 
ed unto this Assembly, that the land belonging to the said 
tribe of Indians, which was reserved by old Ninegret, the Nar- 
ragansett sachem, was by him reserved to and for his use, and 
the use of his said tribe and their children, forever ; that a law 
was passed in this colony, to make void all grants, deeds and 
leases made by the sachem of said tribe, without the consent 
and approbation of the General Assembly ; that the said law, 
although it had been long in force, and proved very beneficial 
to said tribe, hath been lately repealed ; in consequence where- 
of, Thomas Ninegret, the present sachem, hath, without the ap- 
probation of the General Assembly, or consent of said tribe, 
sold and conveyed away divers tracts of land belonging to said 
tribe, and is daily so doing ; by reason whereof, a great part of 
said tribe are in danger of being utterly deprived of the means 
of procuring a maintenance, and must either starve, or become 
a town charge ; and thereupon, the petitioners prayed this As- 
sembly to pass an act to prohibit the said sachem from selling 
any more of said lands from them (especially their particular 
settlements,) without the consent, as formerly, of his tribe, and 
of the General Assembly ; and that until they can be heard by 
this Assembly, the said sachem may be restricted from selling 
any of said lands. On consideration whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved, that this petition be referred to the 
next session ; that Thomas Ninegret, the present sachem of 
said tribe, be served with a copy thereof, and cited to appear 
at the next session, to answer the same ; and that in the mean 
time, the said Thomas Ninegret be, and he is hereby, restricted 
and forbid to sell and dispose of any lands in the Narragansett 
country, upon any pretence whatever. 



358 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1763. 

An Act declaring what is, and shall be, lawful money of this 
colony ; and for the better ascertaining contracts, and 
other securities, that shall hereafter be made for the pay- 
ment of money ; and for the more equitable discharging of 
contracts, and other securities, for the payment of the paper 
bills of this colony. 

Whereas, notwithstanding an act of Parliament, made in the 
sixth year of Her late Majesty Queen Anne, entitled '^ An act 
for ascertaining the rate of foreign coins in Her Majesty's plan- 
tations in America," there is no act of this colony, declaring what 
is, or shall be, lawful money of this colony ; for want whereof, as 
a standard in contracts and dealings, much uncertainty and con- 
fusion have been occasioned ; and whereas, also, great quantities 
of paper bills of credit, by virtue of acts of Assembly, have been, 
from time to time, created and issued on loan, and otherwise, 
which, by the respective acts for creating and issuing the same, 
must soon be called in, discharged and sunk ; and whereas, the 
said paper bills of credit have been considered as a medium of 
trade, and a measure in dealings, in lieu of money, whereby 
obligations and securities have been made and given, and 
debts contracted in said bills, which, from a scarcity of those 
bills that must unavoidably happen near the expiration of the 
several terms for which they were issued, cannot be discharged 
and paid in the bills themselves ; and as great contests and 
disputes may arise between creditors and debtors, what shall 
be a true equivalent in lawful money for such debts contracted 
in paper bills ; therefore, for preventing and remedying the 
said inconveniences, and for the better securing of property, 
and for causing impartial justice to be done, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority of the same it is hereby enacted and declared, that law- 
ful money of this colony is, and shall hereafter be, silver and 
gold coin ; and that nothing else shall be taken and understood 
to be lawful money of this colony. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
from and after the Ist^day of January next, which shall be in 



1763.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 359 

the year of our Lord 1764, all mortgages, bonds, bills, promis- 
sory notes, and all -other securities in writing, of what kind 
soever, wherein the payment of money is reserved, or prom- 
ised, shall be taken and understood to mean lawful money, as 
aforesaid, except the contrary be in such writing expressed ; 
and all contracts and undertakings shall be deemed to be 
made for lawful money, unless the contrary be made to ap- 
pear ; and in all book accounts, whatsoever, for goods sold, or 
service done, all entries and charges shall be in lawful money ; 
and where it doth not appear, that in any book account there 
is an agreement between the buyer and seller, in what particu- 
lar money the debt shall be discharged, it shall be at the elec- 
tion of the debtor to discharge the same either in silver and 
gold, or in the bills heretofore emitted by this colony, called 
lawful money. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
from and after the said time, damages to be recovered in any 
of the courts of justice in this colony, in any action of trespass, 
trover, or other action of the case not grounded on a contract, 
shall be computed in lawful money ; and all cost arising in 
any suit at law, of what kind soever, and officers' fees, shall be 
computed in like lawful money, according to a table of fees to 
be stated and appointed by the General Assembly ; and also 
all penalties, fines, and forfeitures, shall likewise be computed 
in lawful money, equal in value to the sums of the several 
fines and forfeitures appointed and set by the laws of this 
colony now in force. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
from and after the said 1st day of January, A. D. 1764, the 
rate and value, in lawful money, of the several pieces of coin 
hereafter mentioned, shall be as followeth, to wit : 

An English crown, 65. 8d. ; an English shilling, 10s. 4r/. ; a 
Spanish dollar, Qs.; a guinea, £1 Ss.; a doubloon, £4: Ss. [The 
rates of various Portuguese and Spanish coins, which are also 
given, it is unnecessary to enumerate.] 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
if any person within this colony, shall, from and after the said 



360 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1763. 

1st day of January, A. J). 1764, for the discharge of any con- 
tracts, bargains, or debts, made or arisen after said time, ac- 
count, receive, take, or pay any of the several species of coin, 
afore mentioned, at any greater or higher rate than at which 
the same are hereby regulated, the person so accounting, re- 
ceiving, taking, or paying the same, contrary to the directions 
herein contained, shall forfeit the sum of £6, lawful money, to 
be recovered by an action of debt, and disposed of as followeth : 
one half to, and for the use of this colony ; and the other half, 
to, and for the use of him who will sue for the same. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
all mortgages, bonds, bills, promissory notes, rent reserved, or 
leases, or other securities in writing, of what name or nature 
soever, that are already made, or that shall hereafter be given 
or made, to secure the payment of any kind or sum of old 
tenor bills of this colony, or book debts contracted before said 1st 
day of January, A. D. 1764, may be discharged by the debtor's 
paying unto the creditor, such a sum in said bills, as shall, at 
the time of actual payment, be equal in value to the nominal 
sum due at the time when such sum first became due and pay- 
able, with six per cent, per annum interest, in case any interest 
be due ; or in lieu thereof, as much lawful money as said bills, 
at the time of payment, are worth ; and when any action shall 
be commenced, and brought before any of the courts of justice 
in this colony, for the recovery or non-payment of any sum of 
the old tenor bills, the payment whereof being reserved or se- 
cured in, or by any instrument in writing, or any sum due on 
book account ; that then such court shall take consideration of 
the same, and shall cause judgment to be entered for such a 
sum of the old tenor bills, as they then pass, as shall be equal 
in value to the nominal sum due at the time when such sura 
first became payable, and for interest at six per cent, per an- 
num, if interest shall be reserved in said writing, and be due 
by the usage of such court ; or for want thereof, thenf or so 
much lawful money as said bills are at the time worth, and 
execution on such judgment shall issue accordingly. But if it 
shall appear to such court, that the interest on any such sum 



1763.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 361 

Iiath been fully paid for any term of time after such sum first 
became due, that in such case the court shall begin their com- 
putation of the value of the bills from that period ; and the 
value of money due upon any book account, shall be computed 
from the date of the last charge in the account. 

Provided, nevertheless, that nothing in this act shall extend, 
or be construed to extend, to any bonds or mortgages due to 
the colony. 

And for the better ascertaining the true value of such old 
tenor bills, at the different periods of time when any such sum 
hath, or may become due, — 

It is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the 
following table, or estimate, shall be the standard for fixing 
the value of such old tenor debts ; and that the several courts 
of law within this colony, shall govern themselves by the same 
in making up judgments ; that is to say :"■'' 

£ s. d. 

In the year 1751, a Spanish milled dollar was worth 2 16 

" 1752 " " " « 3 00 

1753 " " « " 3 10 

" 1754 " " " " 3 15 

1755 " " " " 4 05 

1756 " " " " 5 05 

1757 " " " " 5 15 

1758 " " " " 6 00 

1759 '• " " " 6 00 

1760 " " " " 6 00 

1761 « " " " 6 10 

1762 " '•- '• « 7 CO 

1763 " " " " 7 00 
And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 

in all payments of old tenor debts, which shall become due or 



* [To understand the exact value of the dollar in Federal money, at the several 
periods referred to, the pound must be reckoned at twenty shillings of sixteen 
and two-thirds cents each, or $3,33 ; so that in 1751, the Spanish dollar was worth 
S9,33, and in 1763, $23,33.— J. R. B.] 
VOL. VI. 46 



362 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1763. 

payable at any time after the said 1st day of January, A. D. 
1764, six shillings in the lawful money of silver and gold, 
above established, shall pay and discharge £7 of any such old 
tenor debt ; that all securities made, or to be made, before the 
said 1st day of January, for the payment of bills of credit 
called lav^ful money bills, may, and shall be paid and dis- 
charged in such bills according to their nominal value ; and 
that all securities that are made for the payment of bills of 
credit of the old tenor, or for the bills called lawful money, 
may be paid and discharged in the bills specified in such se- 
curities, and that such bills shall be a legal tender for any such 
debt, as well after as before, or at the day on which such pay- 
ment ought to have been made ; and all judgments to be made 
for the recovering the money due on any such securities shall be 
payable in such bills as are mentioned in such security ; any 
thing in this act to the contrary hereof notwithstanding. 

Thirteen members dissented from this bill, for the foregoing 
reasons : 

1st. The introducing a lawful money currency, and no pro- 
vision made for old tenor answering in payment after said 
time, before the sinking of the old tenor that is out upon the 
credit of the colony, and the expiration of the bank money, 
will prevent the greatest part of the inhabitants from procur- 
ing said bills to pay their rates, and the banker from discharg- 
ing his mortgage, as it will naturally center the money into 
the hands of money jobbers, and is contrary to the faith of 
the government with said bankers, that said money should 
pass as a currency in said government, to the expiration of said 
banks. 

2d. That if it be reasonable that any depreciation be al- 
lowed, it ought to take place at the date of the contract, and 
not at the time of payment. 

3d. That in the year 1752, this General Assembly passed 
an act, ascertaining the value of old tenor bills, that a Spanish 
milled dollar should pass for fifty-six shillings, old tenor; 



1763.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 363 

and now this act declare th, that in the year 1752, a Spanish 
milled dollar was worth £3 55., which is inconsistent in itself; 
and this act, or the former, must be wrong. 

4th. That there is no provision made for minors.* 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor, Jo- 
seph Hazard, Esq., Augustus Jonston, Esq. ; and Messrs. John 
Aplin and Martin Howard, Jr., be, and they, or the major part 
of them, are hereby, appointed a committee to draw up a set of 
rules and regulations suitable for an hospital for innoculation 
of the small pox, in this colony ; and also to examine into, and 
recommend a proper place for erecting a hospital for that pur- 
pose ; and that they perform the said business, and make re- 
port to this Assembly as soon as may be, without any expense 
to the colony. 

Whereas, there was laid before this Assembly, an account, 
amounting to £89 15^. 6c?., New York currency, charged by 
James Richardson, against Lieut. Col. Christopher Hargill, for 
medicines and necessaries supplied the detachment of the 
Rhode Island regiment, daring the siege of the Havanna, 
which being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved^ that £80 15§. 6d., New York cur- 
rency thereof, be allowed and paid the said James Richardson, 
out of the general treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that the number of soldiers to be 
employed for the future, at Fort George, be limited to four ; 
who are to be enlisted by the captain of said fort upon the best 
terms he can ; that the captain of said fort be, and he is here- 
by, empowered and directed to sell and dispose of the old 
broken, useless cannon, and other old iron, now at the said fort, 
for the use of the colony ; and that he purchase a new flag, 
and a sufficient quantity of firewood, for the said fort, at the 
expense of the colony. 



* This bill, being sent to the upper house, was accompanied with a protest ; and 
having there been concurred in, with several amendmeuts, was sent to the house 
of representatives ; it concurred with the amendments, whereupon, a second pro- 
test was entered against the bill. 



364 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1763. 

It is voted and resolved, that the fine for robbing or draw- 
ing any fish-pots, weirs, or nets, within this colony, be, and the 
same is hereby, augmented to fi^rty shillings, lawful money, for 
every oflence. 

God save the King. 

General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, 17th June, 1763. 

Sir : — On receiving some intelligence of the motions of the Indians, to the west- 
ward, I have judged it highly necessary to detain the provincials, notwithstanding 
the order I had formerly sent for their returning home on the 1st July, that I may 
be the better enabled to spare some reinforcements of the small number of regulars 
from the several posts, to push forwards for the protection of the upper country. 

I have, therefore, sent positive orders to the officer commanding the Rhode Island 
troops, to continue with his men, until further orders ; and have assured him that; 
on their remaining and doing their duty, application should be made to the colo- 
ny, to make provision for them, accordingly. 

The necessity of this measure, on so critical an occasion, will, I am convinced, 
appear so evident, that I need not use any arguments to induce you to apply to 
your Council and Assembly, for a continuation of the pay to the officers and men 
that do remain, and for bestowing on them such other rewards, as their services 
may entitle them to. I am with great regard, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AilHERST. 

To the Honoi-able Governor of Rhode Island. 

Governor Fitch, of Oonnecticid,.to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Norwalk, 21st June, 17G3. 
Sir: — When at Hartford, attending the General Assembly, I received your let, 
ter of the 26th May, respecting the line between Massachusetts and Rhode Island 
and Connecticut ; but, as those matters were transacted before I came into the ad- 
ministration, I was unable, without further inquiry, to to give jo\x an account how 
they stood; and as Mr. Wolcott is deceased, and General Lyman was confined 
with the small pox, and I had no opportunity of conferring with Governor Wol- 
cott about them, I desired some gentleman to look into those matters, and to let me 
know what they could find to have been done therein. When I receive their ac- 
count, I shall acquaint you with it. 

■ I believe the government did nothing further in England, than to instruct their 
agent to be watchful to guard against any motions that might be made by the Mas- 
sachusetts agent, to the prejudice of this colony ; and whether the Assembly will 
think it proper to pursue that matter further than to maintain a straight line be- 
tween the Massachusetts and us, is a question I am not at present able to resolve ; 
but when the former transactions and preparations are collected, I purpose to have 
them laid before the Assembly, who will, I presume, come to some determinations 
in the matter. I am, sir, with very great regard, &c., &c., 

THOS. FITCH- 
To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 



1763.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 365 



The Memorial of Capt. George Cornell to the Honorable General 
Assembly. 

Fort Stanwix, 24th June, 1763. 
Gentlemen: — This night I had the honor of receiving a letter from General Am- 
herst, wherein he desired me to detain the troops for this summer. I dai-e say he 
has informed the Honorable Assembly of his intentions before this. I have ven- 
tured to give the men $10, in clothes, as bounty. I shall do my best endeavors to 
detain the men till your further pleasure should be known. 

The reason of my giving the men the clothes as bounty, Is because they are all 
naked ; they are so ragged that they are scarce fit to be called soldiers ; however, 
I shall, with pleasure, wait your orders, which I shall strictly observe. 
I am, gentlemen, your memorialist, 

GEORGE CORNELL, 

Capt. Rhode Island Company. 
To the General Assembly of Rhode Island. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Ncivjport, on the first 
Monday in August, 1763. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, by a letter from Joseph Sherwood, Esq., the agent 
for this colony, in Great Britain, enclosing the agreement en- 
tered into by the agents of the several colonies in North 
America, respecting the apportionment of the Parliamentary 
grant to the said colonies, for the campaign in the year 1760, 
it appears that there is due to this colony the sum of £1,910 
OS., sterling, from the Province of Pennsylvania, and the sum 
of £631 125., sterling, from the colony of Connecticut, this 
colony having received so much less than their just proportion 
of the said grant ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that His Honor the Gov- 
ernor be, and he is hereby, requested to transmit authentic 



366 REC0EE3 OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1763. 

copies of the said agreement, to the Province of Pennsylvania, 
and the colony of Connecticut, and request them to order the 
payment of the aforesaid sums. 

Whereas, a number of the inhabitants of this colony have 
mortgaged their lands to the government, and now have the' 
money, and are ready to discharge the same, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority of the same it is enacted, that the general treas- 
urer be, and he is hereby, directed to deliver to all persons 
their interest bonds, who shall pay him the money mentioned 
in the conditions thereof, and shall certify the same to the 
keeper of the grand committee's office, who shall discharge the 
mortgages upon payment of the principal-money due thereon. 

Whereas, a number of the Narragansett tribe of Indians, in 
this colony, preferred a petition to this Assembly, at the last 
session, which was referred to the present session ; on consid- 
eration whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved, that Joseph Lippitt, Thomas Church, 
Job Pvandall and John Barker, Esqs., and Mr. William Potter 
be, and they are hereby, appointed a committee, to set off, and 
bound the various tracts of land that heretofore have been ap- 
propriated, by the sachems of the Narragansett tribe of In- 
dians, to that tribe, for their sole use, maintenance and sup- 
port ; he, the sachem of said tribe, agreeing and consenting to 
give and execute a good and effectual deed to said tribe ; and 
also liberty of passing and re-pa^siug on his lands to the pond 
and sea, for the advantage of fishing ; which the petitioners, in 
presence of the upper house of Assembly, agreed to accept of 

It is voted and resolved, that the King's proclamation of 
peace, be published on Monday, the loth instant, in all the 
proper places within this colony, to the end that all His Maj- 
esty's trading subjects do take notice of his royal will and 
pleasure therein, and conform themselves thereto, accordingly. 

It is voted and resolved, that Thursday, the 25th instant, be 
appointed to be kept as a day of public thanksgiving through- 
out the colony ; and that His Honor the Governor be, and he 
is hereby requested to issue a proclamation, requiring the in- 



1763.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 367 

habitants of this colony to assemble themselves together on 
that day, in their respective places of public worship, to give 
thanks to Almighty God^ for vouchsafing to grant us an ad- 
vantageous and honorable peace, and for other innumerable in- 
stances of his goodness ; and forbidding all servile labor, 
sports, and pastimes on that day. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be, 
and he is hereby, requested to transmit a copy of the billeting 
roll of the soldiers raised in this colony, to recruit the regular 
regiments in North America, to His Excellency Sir Jeftrey 
Amherst, and request payment of what is due thereon ; and 
also to transmit to the general, the billeting rolls for the year 
1757, in order for payment thereof 

Whereas, the General Assembl}^, at their session held at New- 
port, on the Ihird Tuesday in September, A. D. 17G2, passed 
an act for assessing and levying a tax of £8,000, lawful money, 
upon the inhabitants of this colony ; and whereas, the town of 
Smithfield hath neglected assessing, levying and collecting the 
proportion of said tax, agreeably to the said act, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof it is enacted, that three months after the 
rising of this Assembly, is allowed to the town of Smithfield, 
to assess, levy, and collect their proportion of the said tax, 
and for paying the same into the general treasury ; and that 
the said town of Smithfield be, and hereby is, fully empowered 
to do the same, according to the aforesaid act. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
if the said town of Smithfield shall neglect or refuse to assess 
collect, levy, and pay their proportion of said tax, fey the said 
time, the said town of Smithfield shall pay a fine of £200, law- 
ful money, to, and for the use of the colony, to be recovered by 
the general treasurer, by an action of the case against the town 
treasurer of said town, at any of the inferior courts of common 
pleas in this colony. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
for the future, when and so often as any tax shall be voted by 
the General Assembly^, to be assessed upon the inhabitants of 



368 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1763. 

this colony, and either of the towns in the colony, shall neglect 
or refuse to assess and levy said tax upon the inhabitants of 
their respective towns, agreeably to such act, such town, so re- 
fusing or neglecting, shall pay a fine of double their proportion 
of said tax, into the general treasury, to be recovered by the 
general treasurer, by aa action of the case against the town treas- 
urer of such delinquent town, in any of the inferior courts of 
common pleas in the colony ; that any town in the colony that 
shall neglect or refuse to assess, levy, and collect its proportion 
of the present tax, shall suffer the same penalty, to be recovered 
in the same manner. 

And further, that any such delinquent town, notwithstand- 
ing its being fined, shall be obliged to pay its proportion of the 
tax. 

God save the King. 

Joseph SJiencood, cKjeni for Rhode Inland in London, to the Gov- 
ernor of Rhode Island. 

London, August 4, 1763. 

Esteemed Friend : — Yesterday, I attended the lords of the treasury, in company 
with the rest of the agents, when we expected the Parliamentary grant for 1761, 
would be taken into consideration ; but to our great disappointment, the lords de- 
clined that, and only went upon the £10,000, which was kept back last year, as 
particularly mentioned in my letter of 31st July, 1762. 

The IMassachusetts government claim this £10,000, for themselves, in considera- 
tion of their having garrisoned the forts of Louisbourg and Nova Scotia in the 
winter of 1 759, and spring of 1 760 ; and to support that claim, a certificate was pro- 
duced from General Aiiiherst ; but that certificate not being positive and clear, as to 
the number of troops retained in that service, (although it does appear thereby, that 
a number of the Massachusetts troops really were employed for that service,) the 
same Avas vigorously opposed by other agents ; when, at length, their lordships de- 
clared that unless the agents would agree about the distribution, the money should 
lie till General Amherst ai-rived, to explain his certificate, and the money remains 
in the treasury, accordingly. 

Their lords promised to give us audience as to the grant for 1761, soon after the 
recess, which may be perhaps in six weeks ; but when or how the money will be 
paid, is at present, uncertain. 

It is rumored here, and I believe upon good foundation, that the government will 
expect a number of troops (some say ton thousand), to be kept on foot by, and at 
the sole expense of the American provinces, for their own preservation and safe- 
guard, in order to prevent encroachments ar.d hostilities. 

lam, with great regard, &c.,&o.. • .TOSEPII SHERWOOD. 

To tlie Governor of Rhode Island. 



1763.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 369 

The Lords Commissioners of Trade mid Plantaiions to the Gov- 
ernor and Company of Rhode Island. 

Whitehall, September 28th, 17C3. 
Gentlemen : — His Majesty having appointed us his commissioners for promoting 
the trade of this kingdom, and for inspecting and improving His Majesty's foreign 
colonies and plantations, we take this, the earliest opportunity, of acquainting you 
therewith ; and we have only further to add, that you will regulate your future 
correspondence conformably to the orders and instructions, copies of which were 
transmitted to you, with the board's letter of the 29th of April last. 

We are, gentlemen, &c., &c., 
HILLSBOROUGH, ORWELL, 

P. BACON, SOAME JENYNS, 

GEO. RICE, JOHN YORKE. 

To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhlu, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kingstown, on 
the last Wednesday in October, 1763. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, several of the inhabitants of the town of Newport, 
preferred a petition, and represented unto this Assembly, that 
part of Thames street, in said town, lying between the houses 
of John Freebody and Martin Howard, Esqs., is become so bad, 
that, unless it be soon repaired, it will be extremely inconven- 
ient to pass and re-pass ; and thereupon, they prayed this As- 
sembly, that a lottery may be granted, to raise the sum of 
<£8,0U0, old tenor, in one or more classes, as the directors who 
may be appointed shall think proper ; and that the said direc- 
tors may be empowered to apply the money, so raised, to re- 
paving that part of the street above mentioned, beginning at 
the house of the said John Freebody, and continuing the same 
until the whole shall be completed ; on consideration whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the foregoing petition be, and 
the same is hereby, granted ; and that Messrs. Stephen Ayrault, 

VOL. VI. 47 



370 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1763. 

John Tweedy, William Stevens, Samuel Fowler, Samuel Bren- 
ton, Solomon Townsend, George Gibbs and James Clarke, be, 
and they are hereby, appointed directors of the said lottery ; 
and that they, or the major part of them, be empowered to 
raise the aforesaid sum of £8,000, by lottery, in one or more 
classes, as they shall think proper, and to apply the same, 
agreeabl}^ to the prayer of the said petition ; the said directors 
giving bond, according to custom. 

It is voted and resolved, that for the future, the secretary, 
for the time being, at all times when he sends copies of the 
acts and orders of the General Assembly to the several towns 
in the colony, be, and he is hereby, directed to send a copy of 
every act and order to the general treasurer, to be always kept 
in the treasurer's office, for the use of the colony. 

It is voted and resolved, that the general treasurer be, and 
he is hereby, appointed to pay off all the soldiers now in His 
Majesty's service, in the pay of this colony, upon their return 
into this colony. 

Whereas, the Hon. John Andrews, Esq., commissary and 
judge of His Majesty's court of vice admiralty, in this colon}^, 
did present unto this Assembly, at the session held at New- 
port, on the second Monday in June last, the following memo- 
rial, to wit : 

Memorial of John Andrews, Judge of the CouH of Vice Admiralty 
for Rhode Island. 

To the Hon. the Governor and Company of the colony of Rhode Island and Provi- 
dence Plantations, &c., who constitute the present General Assembly, now 
sitting at Newport, on the 13th day of June, A. D. 1763. 
The memorial of John Andrews, Esq., commissary and judge of the court of vice 
admiralty, for the colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, in New 
England, showeth : 
That whereas, on the 28th day of April, 1761, there was exhibited before the 
said vice admiralty court, for said colony, then sitting in Providence, two informa- 
tions against sixty-seven hogsheads, four tierces and fifteen barrels of sugar, and said 
to be the growth and manufacture of the subjects of the French King, declared en- 
emies of our sovereign lord the King of Great Britain, &c. ; which sugar was alleged 
to have been imported in a lighter, and landed by one William Weston, in Provi- 
dence, aforesaid, in said colony, without being legally entered with any of the offi- 



1763.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 371 

cers of His Majesty's customs, dwelling in the said colony, against the form of the 
statutes made in the seventh and eighth }-ears of the reign of King William the 
Third. 

The first of which said informations was exhibited by William Metcalf, of Provi- 
dence, aforesaid, mariner ; claiming the one-third part of the said sugars for the use 
of our sovereign lord the King ; one-third part, thereof, for the Hon. Stephen Hop- 
kins, Esq., the then Governor of the said colony ; and the other third part ior him, 
the said William Metcalf, as being the first Informer. 

The second of the said Informations was exhibited by Joseph Wanton, Esq., col- 
lector of His Majesty's customs, throughout said colony, claiming the one-third part 
of the said sugars for the use of His Majesty, aforesaid; and one-third part for the 
Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Esq., Governor, as aforesaid ; and the other third part for 
himself, the said Joseph Wanton. 

And he fm-ther alleged, upon the hearing the said cause, that, agi-eeably to the 
force and form of the said statutes in such case provided, no private person could 
be permitted Informer, and thereby be entitled to the one-third part of any such 
goods so Informed against, but that It belonged to the officers of His Majesty's cus- 
toms only ; and that was all the point ever disputed before the court. 

Whereupon, on the 29th day of April, the court did proceed and publish an In- 
terlocutory decree, declaring the said sugars to be forfeited ; and one-third part 
thereof, to be delivered for the use of His Majesty, his heirs, &c. ; and the one- 
third part to the said Stephen Hopkins, Esq., Governor, as aforesaid ; and for the 
further consideration of the point In dispute between the two Informants, the court 
proceeded to adjourn from time to time ; that after the best advice that could be 
had, and duly considering the statutes In such case provided, on the 25th day of 
September, A. D. 1761, the court adjom-ned to promulgate a final sentence and de- 
cree, whereby the other third part of said sugars was decreed to be the property 
of the said Joseph Wanton, Esq., and to be delivered, accordingly. And the court 
proceeded to examine and tax costs, according to the custom and usage of the 
high court of admiralty of England, In such cases stated and settled ; and four 
hogsheads and fifteen barrels of said sugars were ordered by the court to be sold at 
vendue, for the payment of all costs and necessaiy charges ; and after payment of 
which, there appeared to remain In the hands of the vendue master, for the said 
sugars so sold, as aforesaid, £1,208, old tenor; which was ordered to be divided 
and delivered, agreeably to the aforesaid decree ; from ^vhlch final decree and pro- 
ceedings of said court, no appeal was attempted to be asked for. 

Notwithstanding, Samuel Nightingale, Esq., one of the justices of the superior 
court, for said colony, on the 2d day of October, A. D. 1761, issued a writ of pro- 
hibition ; and the officers of the said vice admiralty court were served with the 
same, within seven days after the said final decree was promulgated, and before 
said decree could be fully executed ; and thereby the whole of the proceedings was 
prohibited from being executed ; which said writ of prohibition, was made returna- 
ble to the then next March term of said superior court, to be then held at said 
Providence ; but at said March term, or any other term of said superior court 
since, no further proceedings upon said writ or of prohibition or judgment of said 
superior court thereon, hath been had. 

Yet, nevertheless, your memorialist, at the last inferior court of common pleas, 
held at Providence, aforesaid, on the third Monday in December, A. D. 1762, was 
sued by the Governor and Company of the colony, aforesaid, for the time being, for 



372 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [17C3. 

the third part of the £l,'20S, as aforesaid, (then, and now in the hands of the ven- 
due master,) which was by the decree of the said vice admiralty court, decreed for 
the use of our said sovereign lord the King, claiming the same, as belonging and 
appertaining to the colony ; at which said inferior court, your memorialist ap- 
peared, and filed a proper plea, in bar to said suit, which was overruled by said 
court, and a default entered ; and then the justices of the said inferior court pro- 
ceeded to enter up judgment, and did take upon themselves to examine the bill of 
costs and charges allowed and taxed by the vice admiralty court ; and without 
ever seeing or having any knowledge of so much as one of the vouchers to support 
the necessary charges attending said pi'oceedings, or the table of fees established 
by the high court of admiralty, of England, or ever so much as having any regard 
to the table of fees stated by the colony, in such case, did enter up judgment with- 
out law or precedent to be found in His Majesty's dominions against your memori- 
alist, for the sum of £1,265 7s. 8d., old tenor ; and granted execution against your 
memorialist, returnable to the next term of the said court for the same ; Avhereby, 
all proceedings of said vice admiralty court, not only in this, but in all other causes, 
have been stopped ; although there are now causes of great consequence pending 
before said vice admiralty court, unfinished. 

Wherefore, your memorialist hopes Your Honors will take this matter under your 
wise consideration, and consider of what use or benefit His Majesty's commission in 
establishing a court of vice admiralty in this colony can be of, provided the com- 
missary or judge, and officers of said court, are made liable to be sued before any 
of the inferior courts within said colony, by any persons dissatisfied with the decrees 
of said court, and there have the proceedings of said court examined, and the de- 
crees rendered of no force at the captious will and mind of any persons dissatisfied ; 
when at the same time the two courts are distinct, and governed (or ought to be) by 
as different laws and precedents as the two elements differ, they have each their 
jurisdiction over ; and your memorialist would further request, that Your Honors 
would order the judgment of the said inferior court of common pleas to be set 
aside, and rendered null and void, and all proceedings thereon stayed ; and order 
all due assistance to be given by the officers of the said colony, to the officers of the 
said court of vice admiralty, that said decrees published by said court, may be fully 
and finalh- executed without any further delay, agreeably to the tenor of His Maj- 
esty's commission for that purpose, wherein Your Honors and all other officers are 
strictly commanded to give all due aid and assistance. JOHN ANDREWS. 

Whicli memorial having been referred for consideration from 
session to session, until the present session, and now being duly 
considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that Nicholas Tillinghast, Daniel 
•Jenckes and James Angell, Esqs., be, and they are hereby, ap- 
pointed a committee to examine into the subject matter of the 
foregoing memorial ; that they examine and adjust the bill of 
cost ; that what appears to the said committee to be in the 
hands of the memorialist, which he decreed to the King, be by 
liim paid into the general treasury ; that the general treasurer 



1763.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 373 

give the memorialist such a discharge as he gave to the Hon. 
Stephen Hopkins, Esq., for what was in his hands of that part 
which was decreed to the King ; and that the judgment of the 
inferior court be rendered null and void, and that the memori- 
alist's decree be fully executed. 
God save the King. 

Public Ads passed during ilie year 1763. 

[Tiie following laAvs will be found at length in the printed " Schedules," or acts 
and resolves of the General Assembly, for the year 1763.] 

An Act to naturalize Pierre Le Roy, a resident of Newport, and late a subject of 
the French king. (June.) 

An Act for assessing a tax of £12,000, upon the inhabitants of this colony, for de- 
fraying its debts, and defraying the incidental charges of the government. 
(August.) 

An Act for regulating the method of conveying and assessing real estates sold by 
execution, and for changing the form of the deed heretofore given and used by 
the sheriffs. (October.) 

An Act empowering the general treasurer to dispose of £3,750, sterling, being part 
of the money granted by the crown, to the colonies. (October.) 

An Act for regulating the assize of bread in this colony. (October.) 

Gov. Fitch., of Connecticut, to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Norwalk, 4th October, 1763. 

Sir : — I am favored with your letter of the 27th of last month, with the copy of 
the agreement made by the agents of the several colonies, respecting the distribu- 
tion of the Parliamentary grant for the services of the year 1760 ; which agree- 
ment I had received some time before, from Mr. Jackson, the agent of this colony ; 
but as it appears by that agreement, that the inequality of the distribution of the 
monies granted for that year's service, was to be rectified out of the grant for the 
services of the next year, at the good pleasure of their lordships of the treasury, if to 
them it shall so seem meet, as expressed in the agreement. 

And as when that matter should be settled, I supposed the agent of this colony 
would not only think himself boiuid to fulfil the agreement, but also that he is fully 
empowered to do so, I had no thought of its being necessary to give him any orders 
for that purpose ; and especially, as he has not signified any thing of that kind to 
me. 

However, I shall lay the matter before the Assembly, from whom orders must be 
given, if needed; and no doubt they will do every thing necessary in that matter, 
that may be agreeable to honor and justice. 

I am, sir, with great regard, &c., &c. 

TIIOS. FITCIt 

To Gov. Hopkins. 



74 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1763. 



The Governor of Rhode Island to Gen. Amherst. 

Providence, October 10, 1763. 

Sir : — After a long silence, it is once more become my duty to trouble Your Ex- 
cellency with a letter. 

In the winter last past, Lieutenant Edmund Kewland raised a number of re- 
cruits in this colony, whose subsistence, while here, came to £42 14a'. 4c?., sterling, 
besides being furnished with provisions for their passage from Newport to New 
York. The billeting roll of those recruits, with Mr. Newland's certificate thereon, 
will herewith be laid beibre you. 

By Your Excellency's directions, some time in the year past, a number of sea- 
men who belonged to His Majesty's ship Hussar, when she was lost in the West 
Indies, were taken up in this colony ; the expense of whose subsistence, while here, 
and their passage from hence to New York, amounting in the whole to £92 12s., 
New York currency, Avas paid by the colony ; the accounts of the particulars of 
this expense, will also be laid before you. Those small sums, paid for His Majes- 
ty's service, I am directed to beg you would cause to be reimbursed. 

I must now ask Your Excellency's pardon for troubling you once more with the 
old muster rolls of the year 1757, and a tedious history of this business from its 
commencement. 

The Eai-1 of Loudoun agreed with tlie commissioners of the several colonies, who 
met him at Boston in the beginning of the year 1757, to allow two shillings a week 
for the subsistence of each soldier, that should be raised by tlie colonies for that 
year's service. The colony of Rhode Island i-aised four hundred and fifty men, be- 
ino- its full quota. Before any account was presented for subsisting them, the Earl 
was removed from the command. The shortness of the command of his immediate 
successors, prevented any appKcatlon to them in this matter. For these reasons, 
the first application for payment of those billeting rolls, was made to Your Ex- 
cellency. 

Those to whom you was pleased to refer them for examination, imagined they 
found some defect in the form of them, and therefore ordered them to be new 
drawn ; which was accordingly done in New York, agreeably to their directions, and 
then sent to Rhode Island to be authenticated in the manner prescribed. 

The rolls thus completed, were sent to Your Excellency a second time ; but now 
Mr. Kilby made an objection that he had paid the colony £150, sterling, for the 
provisions it furnished those troops during their passage to Albany, for which he 
had no sufficient voucher, and desired it might be stopped out of the money due to 
the colony on those rolls. This, Your Excellency perceived would be doing the 
colony injustice, as those rolls did not include the time the soldiers were on their 
passa"-e to Albany ; and therefore directed the stoppage to be made in favor of 
Mr. Kilby, from other monies due to the colony ; and those rolls again sent back, to 
be new drawn, and the time included those soldiers who were on their passage to 
Albany, as an equivalent for the money stopped for Mr. Kilby ; this Avas also done, 
and these new rolls transmitted to Your Excellency a third time for payment. 

And now, after thr<je editions of those rolls, the first faulty, the second by order, 
and in the manner pointed out by those you appointed to that business, the third 
bv Your Excellency's express directions; and the stoppage of £150, out of other 



1763.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. O/O 



monies due to the colony, that it might be received again in the proper channel, 
by making the addition, abovesaid, to those rolls ; after all this, to hear that the 
colony's claim to this money is totally inadmissible, must certainly occasion some 
surprise. 

Therefore, as my duty obliges in behalf of the colony of Rhode Island, I must de- 
sire you would be pleased once more to take this affivir into consideration ; when I 
doubt not you will find the strongest reasons to direct the sum due to the colony 
agreeably to those rolls, to be f)aid, as certainly in justice it ought ; all the other 
colonies concerned in the same service, having been paid long ago ; and this hav- 
ing no other method to depend on, but Your Excellency's equity and justice. 
With very great regard, I am, sir, &c., &c., 

STEP. HOPKINS. 

To Sir Jeffrey Amherst. 

The Lords Commissioners of Trade and Plantations to the Gov- 
ernor and Company of EJiode Island. 

Whitehall, October 11th, 1763. 

Gentlemen : — The lords conmiissioners of His Majesty's treasury, having repre- 
sented to His Majesty, that thej^ find, upon a consideration of the present state of 
the duties of customs imposed on His Majesty's subjects in America, that the rev- 
enue arising therefrom is very small and inconsiderable, having in no degree in- 
creased with the commerce of those countries, and is not yet sufficient to defray a 
fourth part of the expense necessary for collecting it ; and that through neglect, 
connivance and fraud, not only the revenue is impaired, but the commerce of the 
colonies is diverted from its natural course, and the salutary provisions of many 
wise laws are in great measure defeated ; His Majesty has commanded us to re- 
quire and enjoin you, in the strictest manner, to make the suppression of the clan- 
destine and prohibited trade with foreign nations, and the improvement of the 
revenue, the constant and immediate objects of your care ; and by a vigorous dis- 
charge of the duty required of you by several acts of Parliament, and a due exer- 
tion of your legal authority, to give the officers of the revenue all possible protec- 
tion and support ; and that you do, from time to time, transmit such observations 
as occur to you, on the state of the illicit and contraband trade ; and on the con- 
duct of all persons, whose duty it is to prevent the same, in order that the neces- 
sary directions may be given for punishing such persons as shall appear to be guilty 
of any misbehaviour, and for correcting all abuses for the future. 

We do therefore, recommend these His jNIajesty's commands to your most serious 
attention ; not doubting but you will acquit yourselves in the execution of them, as 
becomes faithful and vigilant servants of the crown. 

We are, gentlemen, &c., &c., 
HILLSBOROUGH, R. BACON, 

SOAME JENYNS, JOHN YORKE. 

To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island. 



376 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1763 



Admiral Colvill U the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Komney, in Halifax harbor, 
22d October, 1763. 

Sir : — I have thought it necessary, for the encouragement of fair trade, by the 
pi-evention of smuggUng, to station His Majesty's ship the Squirrel, under the com- 
mand of Captain Richard Smith, for the approaching winter, at Newport, in your 
government ; and I pray the favor of you to direct the civil magistrates, officers 
and all others within your jurisdiction, to give him their best assistance in the exe- 
cution of his duty, whenever the same shall be required of them. 

The complements of all the King's ships, are now reduced to theii' lowest estab- 
lishment ; and we can but ill bear to be further reduced by desertion ; therefore, I 
have taken the liberty to send you (on the other side) an account of four deserters 
from the Alborough ; desiring that you will cause the same to be published in your 
gazettes, and take such other methods as may appear to you most proper, for appre- 
hending and delivering them on board one of His Majesty's ships ; and I promise that 
a reward of forty shillings, sterling, shall be paid by the naval store keeper, at Hali- 
fax, for every deserter so delivered, upon producing a proper voucher from the 
captain who shall receive him, in order that the money may be charged against the 
delinquent's wages on the books of the ship from whence he deserted. 

I am, sir, &c., &c.. 

To Stephen Hopkins, Esq., Rhode Island. COLVILL. 

General Amherst to the Governor of Rhode island. 

New York, 17th November, 1763. 

Sir : — Having obtained His Majesty's gracious permission to return to England, 
with orders to leave the command of the troops in this country, with Maj. Gen. Gage, 
I cannot take my leave of you, without thanking you for the readiness you have 
shown, upon every occasion, in forwarding and promoting the King's service, dur- 
ino- my command; and I am sure I need not recommend a continuance thereof to 
my successor, who will be glad to correspond and co-operate with you in every 
thino- that can tend to the good of the service, or country, and that may lay in his 
power to promote. I am, with great regard, sir, &c., &c., 

JEFF. AMHERST. 

To the Honorable the Governor of Rliode Island. 

Gen. Gage to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

New York, 6th December, 1763. 
SJi- : — Sir Jeffrey Amherst, having found it indispensably necessary for the effect- 
ual suppression of the devastations made by the savages, to require an aid of men 
from some of the provinces, for the service of the next year ; that they might, in 
conjunction with such of His Majesty's regular troops as can be collected, carry 
the war into the heart of the Indian country, in order to punish the savages, who 
have been guilty of such perfidious and cruel massacres, and thereby obtain a peace 
which shall be lasting and durable ;— 



1763.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



Tlie said requisition has boon laid before the Assembly of New York, who show 
a readiness to furnish their quota of any number of men that shall be thought ne- 
cessary ; but think it reasonable that the New England governments should be 
called upon to assist in the manner constantly practiced during the late war ; and 
in the interim, have resolved to raise three hundred men to protect the coramunica- 
tlon between Albany and Oswego. 

The success of these measures now depends on the resolves of the New England 
governments ; and it behoves me, as having succeeded Sir Jeffrey Amherst In the 
command of His Majesty's forces in North America, in order that a service so es- 
sential to the future interest and happiness of all the colonies should not be disap- 
pointed, to make application to your province for a supply of troops for the service 
of the next year, that I may be enabled to assemble a respectable body of troops, 
early in the spring, at Niagara, to punish the savages In those parts, who have so 
treacherously commenced, and are now carrying on liostllities against us ; and as 
Sir Jeffrey Amherst has also required a number of men of the southward provinces, 
to act towards the Ohio, I trust they will raise a body of men sufficient to chastise 
the Shawnese and Delawares, and other tribes on that side. 

I doubt not that you will think it consistent with sound policy, humanity and 
brotherlj' affection, that ever}' province should in time of calamity cheerfully con- 
tribute their quotas for the mutual assistance of each other ; and that you will. If 
there's occasion, enforce these principles to your Council and Assembly, from 
whom I am to hope a favorable reception of this requisition, when 1 consider the 
i-eadlness your government has shown on former occasions in forwarding and pro- 
moting the public service ; and I am to beg of you, that It maybe laid before them, 
for their determination thereupon, as soon as possible. 

The demand I am to make from your colony, is, of two hundred men, formed in- 
to one battalion of four companies, under the command of a field officer, who may 
be of the rank of major, and each company to consist of a captain, two subalterns 
and fifty men ; the service in which they will be employed, requires a good number 
of officers. 

The men may be clothed lightly ; a cloth jacket, flannel waistcoat and legglns ; 
and it will be necessary that the Avhole shall be raised and ready to proceed to 
Albany, by the 1st of March next. 

Particular care should be taken, that In recruiting the men, none should be 
raised but such as are able bodied ; neither too young, or too old, but fit for the 
most active and alei't service. 

Although by an order from home, the regular troops are subject to a stoppage 
for the provisions issued to them, belonging to the crown, yet, upon this occasion, I 
will take upon me to order pi-ovlslons to the provincial troops, that shall be raised 
and take the field ; and they shall likewise be provided with arms, unless any of 
them choose to bring their own arms ; for which, they shall have the same allow- 
ance as was made In former campaigns, should any of them be lost or damaged in 
actual service; tents will also be furnished to them as formerly. 

The time of service, may be limited to the 1st of November ; although It is 
much to be hoped every thing will be finished long before that period ; in which 
case, the men will be sent back to their colony. 

I am, with great regard, sir, &c., &c., 

THOS. GAGE. 

To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 

VOL. VI. 48 



378 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kingstoivn, the 
24ith day of January, 1764. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be, 
and he is hereby, requested to transmit, as soon as may be, 
copies of the remonstrance now lying before this Assembly, re- 
specting the act passed in the sixth year of the reign of His 
late Majesty, George the Second, commonly called the sugar 
act, duly authenticated under the seal of the colony, to JosejDh 
Sherwood, Esq., the agent for this colony, in Great Britain, and 
direct him to present the same to the PJght Honorable the 
lords commissioners for trade and the plantations ; and to take 
the most effectual measures, in conjunction with the agents of 
the northern colonies, to accomplish the purposes intended by 
the said remonstrance ; provided, the agents of the northern 
colonies, that is, from Pennsylvania to New Hampshire, inclu- 
sive, or any three of them, unite with him in the same ; and 
also, that His Honor the Governor, be, and he is hereby, re- 
quested to write to the Right Honorable the lords commission- 
ers upon the same subject. 

God save the King. 

Remonstrance of the Colony of Rhode Island to the Lords Commis- 
sioners of Trade and Plantations. 

To the Right Honorable the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations . 
humbly show : 

The Governor and Company of the English colony of Rhode Island and Provi- 
dence Plantations, in New England, in America, convened at South Kingstown, 
the 24th day of January, A. D., 1764, in behalf of themselves and their constitu- 
,ents, the mei-chants. planter? and traders in said colony — 



1761] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 379 



That the act jiassed iu the sixth year of the reiga of His late Majesty George 
II., commouly called the sugar act, being to expire at the end of the present session 
of Parliament ; and as the same, if continued, may be highly injurious and detri- 
mental to all His Majesty's North American colonies in general, and to this colony 
in particular, the said Governor and Company presume to offer some considera- 
tions drawn from the particular state and circumstances of said colony, against the 
renewal of said act. 

In doing this, it is hoped that the interest and advantage of the mother country, 
will be found to coincide with that of the colony, in the extinction of a law, con- 
ceived to be prejudicial to both. 

The colony of Rhode Island included not a much larger extent of territory than 
about thirty miles square ; and of this, a great part is a barren soil, not worth the 
expense of cultivation ; the number of souls in it, amount to forty-eight thousand, 
of which the two sea-port towns of Newport and Providence, contain near one- 
third. The colony hath no staple commodity for exportation, and does not raise 
provisions sufficient for its own consumption ; yet, the goodness of its harbors, and 
its convenient situation for trade, agreeing with the spirit and industry of the peo- 
ple, hath in some measure supplied the deficiency of its natural produce, and pro- 
vided the means of subsistence to its inhabitants. 

By a moderate calculation, the quantity of British manufactures and other goods 
of every kind imported from Great Bi-itain, and annually consumed in this colony, 
amount at least to £120,000, sterling, part of which is imported directly into the 
colony ; but as remittances are more easily made to the neighboring provinces of 
the Massachusetts Bay, Pennsylvania and New York, than to Great Britain, a con- 
siderable part is purchased from them. 

This sum of £120,000, sterling, may be considered as a debt due from the colo- 
ny, the payment of which is the great object of every branch of commerce, carried 
on by its inhabitants, and exercises the skill and invention of every trader. 

The only articles produced in the colony, suitable for a remittance to Europe, 
consist of some flax seed and oil, and some few ships built for sale ; the whole 
amounting to about £5,000, sterling, per annum. The other articles furnished by 
the colony for exportation, are some lumber, cheese and horses ; the whole amount 
of all which together bears but a very inconsiderable proportion to the debt con- 
tracted for British goods. It can therefore be nothing but commerce which enables 
us to pay it. 

As there is no commodity raised in the colony suitable for the European market, 
but the few articles aforementioned; and as the other goods raised for exportation, 
will answer at no market but in the West Indies, it necessarily follows that the 
trade thither must be the foundation of all our commerce ; and it is undoubtedly 
true, that solely from the prosecution of this trade with the other branches that 
are pursued in consequence of it, arises the ability to pay for such quantities of 
British goods. 

It appears from the custom house books, in Newport, that from January, 1 763, 
to January, 1764, there were one hundred and eighty -four sail of vessels bound on 
foreign voyages ; that is, to Europe, Africa and the West Indies ; and tlii-ee hun- 
dred and fifty-two sail of vessels employed in the coasting trade ; that is, between 
Georgia and Newfoundland, Inclusive ; which, with the fishing vessels, are navi- 
gated by at least twenty-two hundred seamen. 

Of these foreign vessels, about one hundred and fifty are annually employed in 



380 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764. 

the West India trade, which import into this colony about fourteen thousand hogs- 
heads of molasses ; whereof, a quantity, not exceeding twenty-five hundred hogs- 
heads, come from all the English islands together. 

It is this quantity of molasses which serves as an engine in the hands of the 
merchant to effect the great purpose of paying for British manufactures ; for part 
of it is exported to the Massachusetts Bay, to New York and Pennsylvania, to pay 
for British goods, for provisions and for many articles which compose our West In- 
dia caro-oes ; and part to the other colonies, southward of these last mentioned, for 
such commodities as serve for a remittance immediately to Europe ; such as rice, 
naval stores, &c., or such as are necessary to enable us to carry on our commerce ' 
the remainder (besides what is consumed by the inhabitants,) is distilled into rum, 
and exported to the coast of Africa ; nor will this trade to Africa appear to be of 
little consequence, if the following account of it be considered. 

Formerly, the negroes upon the coast were supplied with large quantities of 
French brandies; but in the year 1723, some merchants in this colony first intro- 
duced the use of rum there, which, from small beginnings soon increased to the 
consumption of several thousand hogsheads yearly ; by which the French are de- 
prived of the sale of an equal c[uautity of brandy ; and as the demand for rum is 
annually increasing upon the coast, there is the greatest reason to think, that in a 
few years, if this trade be not discouraged, the sale of French brandies there will 
be entirely destroyed. This little colony, only, for more than thirty years past, 
have annually sent about eighteen sail of vessels to the coast, which have carried 
about eighteen hundred hogsheads of rum, together with a small quantity of provi- 
sions arid some other articles, which have been sold for slaves, gold dust, elephants' 
teeth, camwood, &c. The slaves have been sold in the Enghsh islands, in Caro- 
lina and Virginia, for bills of exchange, and the other articles liave been sent to 
Europe ; and by this trade alone, remittances have been made from this colony to 
Great Britain, to the value of about £40,000, yearly; and this rum, carried to the 
coast, is so far from prejudicing the British trade thither, that it may be said rather 
to promote it ; for as soon as our rum vessels ai'rlve, they exchange away some of 
the rum with the traders from Britain, for a quantity of dry goods, with which each 
of them sort; their cargoes to their mutual advantage. 

Besides this method of remittance by the African trade, we often get bills of 
exchange from the Dutch colonies of Surinam, Barbice, &c. ; and this happens 
when the sales of our cargoes amount to more than a sufficiency to load with mo- 
lasses ; so that, in this particular, a considerable benefit arises from the molasses 
trade, for these bills being paid In Holland, are the means of drawing from that 
republic so much cash yearly, into Great Britain, as these bills amount to. 

From this deduction of the course of our trade, which is founded in exact trutli, 
it appears that the whole trading stock of this colony, in its beginning, progress and 
end is uniformly directed to the payment of the debt contracted by the importa- 
tion of British goods; and it also clearly appears, that without this trade. It would 
have been and always will be, utterly impossible for the inhabitants of this colony 
to subsist themselves, or to pay for any considerable riuantlty of British goods. 

It hath been observed before, that of fourteen thousand hogsheads of molasses 
annually brought into this colony, not more than twenty-five hundred have been 
imported from the English islands ; and it may be further added, that all these 
islands together do not make for exportation, more than two-thirds of the quantity 
of molasses annually imported Into this colony for many years past. Ofconse- 



1764.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 381 



qiience, about eleven thousand five hundred liogsheads must have been brought 
from foreign plantations. 

The present price of molasses is about twelve pence, sterling, per gallon ; at 
which rate, only, it can be distilled into rum for exportation ; wherefore, if a duty 
should be laid on this article, the enhanced price may amount to a prohibition ; 
and it may with truth be said, that there is not so large a sum of silver and gold 
circulating in the colony, as the duty imposed by the aforesaid act upon foreign 
molasses, would amount to in one year, which makes it absolutely impossible for 
the importers to pay it. 

It ought further to be considered, that the produce of His Majesty's northern 
colonies, especially those of New England, is near alike, and that the British West 
India islands are not, nor in the natui^e of things, ever can, be able to consume the 
produce of the said colonies ; and therefore, if they cannot export it, (which they 
never can, unless they are allowed to bring molasses home) a very great part of 
the produce of the said colonies must be entirely lost. 

This colony, by the misfortunes it suffered in trade during the late war, but 
above all, by the great expenses they were at in raising, paying and clothing a 
number of men who served against His Majesty's enemies, (In which they mani- 
fested a spirit and loyalty far exceeding their ability,) is greatly reduced in Its cir- 
cumstances, and now actually labors under a debt, contracted solely by carrying 
on the war, of near £70,000, sterling, for Avhich it annually pays a large interest ; 
and has the greatest need of all manner of countenance and support, to enable it 
to pay this vast debt, and to retrieve Its circumstances. 

But, on the contrary, should the aforesaid act be revived and carried into execu- 
tion, the colony will be reduced to the most deplorable condition. 

There are upwards of thirty distil houses, (erected at a vast expense ; the prin- 
cipal materials of which, are imported from Great Britain,) constantly employed in 
making rum from molasses. This distillery is the main hinge upon which the trade 
of the colony turns, and many hundreds of persons depend immediately upon it for 
a subsistence. These distil houses, for want of molasses, must be shut up, to the i-uln 
of many famlhes, and of our trade in general ; partlcularj^ of that to the coast of 
Africa, where the French will supply the natives with brandy, as they formerly 
did. Two-thirds of our vessels will become useless, and perish upon our hands ; 
our mechanics, and those who depend upon the merchant for employment, must 
seek for subsistence elsewhere ; and what must very sensibly affect the present and 
future naval power and commerce of Great Britain, a nursery of seamen, at this 
time consisting of twenty-two hmidred, in this colony only, will be In a manner 
destroyed ; and as an end will be put to our commerce, the merchants cannot 
import any more British manufactures, nor will the people be able to pay for those 
they have already received. 

It having been shown that this trade is of the utmost importance to this colony ; 
that the great consumption of British goods, which is continually Increasing at a 
great rate, compels us to pi-osecute this trade, as having no other means wherewith 
to pay for those goods ; and the same arguments holding pretty generally true 
with respect to most all the other British colonies upon the continent of North 
America, it remains only to show that this trade is in nowise disadvantageous to 
Great Britain, and that the English islands are not injured by It, and have no rer- 
son to complain of it. 

This intercourse between the northern colonies and the foreign plantations in 



382 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764. 

the West Indies, as It is the great cause of the consumption of British manufac- 
tures, cannot be thought to prejudice the interest of Great Britain, unless it be 
made to appear that it encourages and promotes the growth of foreign plantations, 
especially those of the French, of whose improvements we should undoubtedly be 
very jealous. 

That this is not the case, will appear, if it be considered that the cargoes car- 
ried from hence to the French islands, consist of horses, lumber and fish ; nor will 
the French permit us to import any other articles to theii- colonies, save some tri- 
fles not worth mentioning ; that the horses we send them, serve rather for luxury 
than any real use in the plantation service, and that they may be, and are, sup- 
plied with mules and horses from the Spanish Main ; that the fish we send them, is 
of an inferior quality, and will not suit the European market ; and that if they are 
not sufiered to purchase their fish from us, it will naturally tend to increase the ship- 
ping and seamen of France, as they will be obliged to prosecute the fishery them- 
selves ; that if we do not supply them with lumber, they can procure it from the 
Mississippi, or have it brought in their ships from France, which generally come 
out not half loaded ; and that the sole reason of the French purchasing any of the 
above articles from us, is, because they cau pay for them in molasses, a commodity 
at present of but little value to them, although of the greatest consequence to us ; 
add to all this, if we are prevented from purchasing their molasses, they will naturally 
increase their distillery, and make it into rum, and export it elsewhere themselves, 
especially to Mississippi ; by means of which river, great quantities may, and will 
be vended among the various tribes of Indians, which will increase their shipping 
and seamen, and greatly interfere with the interest of Great Britain ; and more es- 
pecially, as by means of the trade with the Indians, they may gain such an Influ- 
ence over them, as may be attended with pernicious consequences in case of a fu- 
ture war. 

The English West Indies, so far from receiving any prejudice by the trade of the 
northern colonies, to foreign plantations, have Improved greatly in their circum- 
stances since this trade has been prosecuted. If the prices of commodities carried 
to the Islands from hence, and of theli- produce brought back in exchange, be ex- 
amined for thirty years past, it will evidently appear from authentic accounts, sales 
and invoices, that the price of northern commodities sent them, has decreased forty 
or fifty per cent. ; and the price of their produce bought by us, has Increased in 
the same or a greater proportion ; so that, notwithstanding om- trade with for- 
eign plantations, the profit of the West India planters hath been continually in- 
creasing ; while ours during the same period, hath been gradually sinking. This 
circumstance alone Is sufficient to prove that the British sugar islands are not pre- 
judiced by our trade to foreign plantations. 

Jamaica is the only English Island that now supplies us with molasses (excepting 
the new acquisition of the Grenades, which aflbrds a small quantity of an Inferior 
quality) ; and it can be proved by undoubted testimony, that even from thence 
our vessels have been frequently obliged to bring back money, because molasses 
was not to be had ; and this has happened In the course of a few years, while the 
trade from the northern colonies to foreign plantations was at the highest. 

The West India planters cannot with justice complain, if we purchase from 
others what they cannot supply us with ; and what ought still further to silence 
their complaints. Is, that In the article of sugar, which is their first and most ma- 
terial staple, they can receive no prejudice by our trade to ibrclgu plantations ; for 



1764.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 383 

it is well known that the poHcy both of the French and Dutch has confined the 
trade of sugar to themselves ; so that we never obtain any of that commodity from 
them, save now and then a small quantity of an ordinary kind, which is generally 
procured (not without hazard) by the assistance and address of those merchants 
there who help us in the transaction of our business. 

From hence, it is evident, that the British islands will remain in possession of all 
the profit and advantage arising from the article of sugar, should the law we com- 
plain of, be discontinued. 

From the facts and arguments contained in the aforegoing representation, it is 
submitted to Your Lordships, whether the renewal of the said law may not, instead 
of answering any useful purposes, be highly injurious to the interest both of Great 
Britain and these northern colonies. 



Resolved, that Ilis Honor the Governor be requested to 
transmit, as soon as may be, copies of the aforegoing remon- 
strance, authenticated under the seal of the colony, to Joseph 
Sherwood, Esq.^ the agent for this colony, in Great Britain, and 
direct him to present the same to the lords commissioners for 
trade and plantations, and take the most effectual measures, in 
conjunction with the agents of the northern colonies, to accom- 
plish the purposes intended by the remonstrance ; — 

Provided, that the agents of the northern colonies, that is, 
from Pennsylvania to New Hampshire, inclusive, or any three of 
them, unite with him in the same ; and that His Honor the 
Governor, be also requested to write to the lords commissioners 
of trade and the plantations, respecting the subject matter of 
the said memorial. 



384 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhly , held for the Colony of Bhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at East Greenwich, the last 
Monday of Fehniari/. 1764. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that all persons who have in their 
hands any lawful money bills emitted by this colony, in June, 
1759, may bring the same to the general treasurer within six 
months after the rising of this Assembly, in order to be re- 
deemed with silver and gold ; that all persons who shall neg- 
lect to bring the said bills to the general treasurer within said 
time, shall lose the benefit of having them changed ; and that 
the general treasurer be, and he is hereby, directed to give 
public notice thereof, in the Newport Mercury and Providence 
Gazette, three weeks successively. 

Whereas, complaint hath been made to this Assembly 
against Allin Brown, Esq., sheriff of the county of Providence, 
for not doing his duty in said office, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the said Allin Brown 
be cited to appear before this Assembly immediately, to answer 
the said complaint. 

Whereas, Mr. John Franklin, preferred a petition, and rep- 
resented unto this Assembly, that he hath for several years 
past, at a great expense, endeavored to keep the wharf at his 
ferry, in good order, for the safe conduct of travellers ; that the 
situation of it is such, that all his pains and expense hath 
proved fruitless ; and that the expense of doing it effectually, 
is more than he is able to bear ; that he believes, if an addi- 
tion of about forty feet be carried out from his pier, it would 
effectually secure the said wharf, and would be of great service 
to vessels coming from sea in bad weather ; and that his cir- 



.7 764.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. o85 

cnmstances are such, that he is not able to make the said ad- 
dition without some assistance from the public ; and thereupon, 
the said John Franklin prayed this Assembly, that he may 
have the liberty of setting up a lottery, consisting of three 
classes, to raise the sum of £300, lawful money, for the 
purpose aforesaid ; that Robert Potter, of Charlestown, Esq., 
Mr. Stephen Hazard, Jr., and Peter Phillips, Esq., may be ap- 
pointed directors of the said lottery ; and that some suitable per- 
son may be appointed to apply said money to the use, aforesaid ; 
and the premises being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of the said John 
Franklin, in the foregoing petition contained, be, and the same 
is hereby, granted. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, the 
Hon. Joseph Wanton, Jr., Esq., was chosen Deputy Governor, 
in the room of the Hon. John Gardner, Esq., deceased, to serve 
the colony the remaining part of the year ; and His Honor 
soon after appeared, and took the engagement prescribed by 
law. 

Imorporation of Brown University. 

An Act for the establishment of a college, or university, within this colony. 
Whereas, institutions for liberal education are highly beneficial to society, by 
forming the rising genei'ation to virtue, knowledge and useful literature, and thus 
preserving in the community a succession of men duly qualified for discharging the 
offices of life with usefulness and reputation ; theyh ave therefore justly merited and 
received the attention and encouragement of every wise and well regulated state ; 
and whereas, a public school or seminary, erected for that purpose, within this colony, 
to which the youth may freely resort for education in the vernacular and learned lan- 
guages and in the liberal arts and sciences, would be for the general advantage an4 
honor of the government ; and whereas, Daniel Jenckes, Esq., Nicholas TilHnghast, 
Esq., Nicholas Gardner, Esq., Col. Josias Lyndon, Col. Elisha Reynolds, Peleg Thurs- 
ton, Esq., Simon Pease, Esq., John Tillinghast, Esq., George Hazard, Esq., Col. 
Job Bennett, Nicholas Easton, Esq., Arthur Fenner, Esq., Mr. Ezekiel Gardner, 
Mr. John Waterman, Mr. James Barker, Jr., Mr. John Holmes, Solomon Drown, 
Esq., Mr. Samuel Winsor, JVIr. Joseph Sheldon, Charles Rhodes, Esq., Mi"- Nicho- 
las Brown, Col. Barzillai Richmond, Mr. John Brown, Mr. Gideon Hoxsey, Mr. 
Thomas Eyres, Mr. Thomas Potter, Jr., Mr. Peleg Barker, Mr. Edward Thurston, 
Mr. William Redwood, Joseph Clarke, Esq., Mr. John G. Wanton and Mr. 
Thomas Robinson, with many other persons, appear as undertakers in the valuable 
design ; and thereupon, a petition hath been preferred to this Assembly, praying 
that full liberty and power may be granted unto such of them, with others, as are 

VOL. VI. 49 



386 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764. 

hereafter mentioned, to found, endow, order and govern a college, or university, 
within this colony ; and that, for the more effectual execution of this design, they 
may be incorporated into one body politic, to be known In the law, with the pow- 
ers, privileges and franchises, necessary for the purpose, aforesaid. 

Now, therefore, know ye, that, being willing to encourage and patronize such an 
honorable and useful institution, we, the said Governor and Company, in General 
Assemblj' convened, do for ourselves and our successors, in and by virtue of the 
power and authority, within the jurisdiction of this colony, to us by the royal char- 
ter granted and committed, — 

Enact, grant, constitute, ordain and declare, and it is hereby enacted, granted, 
constituted, ordained and declared, that the Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Esq., the Hon. 
Joseph Wanton, Jr., Esq., the Hon. Samuel "Ward, Esq., the Hon. William Ellery, 
Esq., John Tlllinghast, Esq., Simon Pease, Esq., James Honyman, Esq., Nicholas 
Easton, Esq., Nicholas Tlllinghast, Esq., Darius Sessions, Esq., Joseph Harris, 
Esq., Francis Wlllet, Esq., William Logan, Esq., Daniel Jenckes, Esq., George 
Hazard, Esq., Nicholas Brown, Esq., Jeremiah Nlles, Esq., Joshua Babcock, Esq., 
Mr. John G. Wanton, the Rev. Edward Upham, the Rev. Jeremiah Condy, the 
Rev. Marmaduke Brown, the Rev. Gardner Thurston, the Rev. Ezra Stiles, the 
Rev. John Greaves, the Rev. John Maxson, the Rev. Samuel Winsor, the Rev. 
John Gano, the Rev. Morgan Edwards, the Rev. Isaac Eaton, the Rev. Samuel 
Stillman, the Rev. Samuel Jones, the Rev. James Manning, the Rev. Russel Ma- 
sou, Col. Elisha Reynolds, Col. Josias Lyndon, Col. Job Bennet, Mr. Ephralm 
Bowen, Joshua Clai'ke, Esq., Capt. Jonathan Slade, John Taylor, Esq., Mr. Robert 
Shettel Jones, Azariah Dunham, Esq., Mr. Edward Thurston, Jr., Mr. Thomas 
Eyres, Mr. Thomas Hazard and Mr. Peleg Barker, or such, or so many of them as 
shall, within twelve months from the date hereof, accept of this trust, and qualify 
themselves as hereinafter directed, and their successors, shall be foi-ever hereafter 
one body corporate and politic, in fact and name, to be known in law by the name of 
Trustees and Fellows of the College, or University, In the English colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, In New England, in America ; the trustees 
and fellows, at any time hereafter, giving such more particular name to the college, 
in honor of the greatest and most distinguished benefactoi", or otherwise, as they 
shall think proper ; which name, so given, shall, In all acts, Instruments and doings 
of said body politic, be superadded to their corporate name, aforesaid, and become a 
part of their legal appellation, by which It shall be forever known and distinguished ; 
and that, by the same name, they and their successors, chosen by themselves, as 
hereatler prescribed, shall, and may, have perpetual succession ; and shall, and 
may, be persons able and capable In the law, to sue and to be sued, to plead and 
to be impleaded, to answer and to be answered unto, to defend and to be defended 
against, in all and singular suits, causes, matters, actions and doings, of what kind 
soever ; and also to have, take, possess, purchase, acquire, or otherwise receive and 
hold lands, tenements, hereditaments, goods, chattels, or other estates ; of all which 
they may, and shall, stand and be seized, notwithstanding any misnomer of the 
college, or the corporation thereof; and by whatever name, or however imper- 
fectly the same shall be described In gift, bequests, and assignments, provided the 
true Intent of the assignor or benefactor be evident ; also the same to grant, de- 
mise, allene, lease, use, manage, and Improve, according to the tenor of the dona- 
tions, and to the purposes, trusts, and to which they shall be seized thereof; and 
full liberty, power, and authority is hereby granted unto the said trustees and fel- 



1764.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 387 

lows, aud theii' successors, to found a college, or university, within this colony, for 
promoting the liberal arts, and universal literature ; and with the monies, estates, 
and revenues of which they shall from time to time become legally seized, as afore- 
said, to endow the same ; and erect the necessary buildings and edifices thereof, on 
such place within this colony as they shall think convenient ; and generally to 
regulate, order, and govern the same, appoint officers, and make laws, as herein- 
after prescribed ; and hold, use, and enjoy all the liberties, privileges, exemptions, 
dignities, and immunities, enjoyed by any college, or university, whatever. 

And furthermore, that the said trustees and fellows, and their successors, shall, 
and may, forever hereafter have a public seal, to use for all causes, matters, and 
affairs whatever of them and their successors, and the same seal to alter, break, 
aud make anew, from time to time, at their will and pleasure ; which seal shall al- 
ways be deposited with the president, or senior fellow. 

And furthermore, by the authority aforesaid, it is hereby enacted, ordained and 
declared, that it is now, and at all times hereafter shall continue to be, the unalter- 
able constitution of this college, or university, that the corporation theieof shall 
consist of two branches, to wit : that of the trustees, and that of the fellowship, with 
distinct, separate, and respective powers ; and that the number of the trustees 
shall, and may be, thirty-six ; of which, twenty-two shall forever be elected of the 
denomination called Baptists, or Antipcedobaptists ; five shall forever be elected of 
the denomination called Friends, or Quakers ; four shall forever be elected of the 
denomination called Congregationalists, and five shall forever be elected of the de- 
nomination called Episcopalians ; and that the succession in this branch shall be for- 
ever chosen and filled up from the respective denominations in this proportion, and 
according to these numbers, which are hereby fixed, and shall remain to perpetuity 
immutably the same ; and that the said Stephen Hopkins, Joseph Wanton, Samuel 
Ward, William EUery, John Tillinghast, Simon Pease, James Honyman, Nicholas 
Easton, Nicholas Tillinghast, Darius Sessions, Josejjh Harris, Francis Willett, 
Daniel Jenckes, George Hazard, Nicholas Brown, Jeremiah Niles, John G. Wan- 
ton, Joshua Clarke, Gardner Thurston, John Greaves, John Maxson, John Gano, 
Samuel Winsor, Isaac Eaton, Samuel Stillman, Russel Mason, Elisha Reynolds, 
Josias Lyndon, Job Bennet, Ephraim Bowen, John Taylor, Jonathan Slade, Robert 
Shettell Jones, Azariah Dunham, Edward Thurston, Jr. and Peleg Barker; or 
such, or so many of them as shall qualify themselves, as aforesaid, shall be, and 
they are hereby declared and estabHshed the first and present trustees. And that 
the number of the fellows, inclusive of the president (who shall always be a fellow), 
shall, and may be, twelve ; of which, eight shall be forever elected of the denomi- 
nation called Baptists, or Antipajdobaptists ; and the rest indifferently of any or all 
denominations ; and that the Rev. Edward Upham, the Rev. Jeremiah Condy, the 
Rev. Marmaduke Brown, the Rev. Morgan Edwards, the Rev. Ezra Stiles, the Rev. 
Samuel Jones, the Rev. James Manning, Wilham Logan, Esq., Joshua Babcock, 
Esq., Mr. Thomas Eyres, and Mr. Thomas Hazard, or such, or so many of them as 
shall qualify themselves, as aforesaid, shall be, and they are hereby, declared the 
first and present fellows and fellowship, to whom the president, when hereafter 
elected, (who shall forever be of the denomination called Baptists, or Antipa^do- 
baptists), shall be joined to complete the number. 

And furthermore, it is declared and ordained, that the succession in both 
branches shall at all times hereafter be filled up and supplied according to these 
numbers, and this established and invariable proportion from the respective de- 



388 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764- 

nominations, b}' the separate election of botli branches of this corporation, which 
shall at all times sit and act by separate and distinct powers ; and in general, in 
order to the validity and consummation of all acts, there shall be in the exercise of 
their respective, separate and distinct powers, the joint concurrence of the trustees 
and fellows, by their respective majorities, except in adjudging and conferring the 
academical degrees, which shall forever belong, exclusively, to the fellowship, as a 
learned faculty. 

And furthermore, it is constituted, that the instruction and immediate govei-n- 
ment of the college, shall forever be, and rest, in the president and fellows, or 
fellowship. 

And furthermore, it is ordained, that there shall be a general meeting of the cor- 
poration on the first Wednesday in September, annually, within the college edifice, 
and until the same be built, at such place as they shall appoint, to consult, advise 
and transact the affairs of the college or university ; at which, or at any other 
time, tlie public commencement may be held and celebrated ; and that on any 
special emergencies, the president, with any two of the fellows, or any three of 
the fellows, exclusive of the president, may convoke, and they are hereby empowered 
to convoke an assembly of the corporation, on twenty days' notice ; and that in all 
meetings, the major vote of those present of the two branches, respectively, shall 
be deemed their respective majorities, aforesaid ; provided, that not less than 
twelve of the trustees, and five of the fellows, be a quorum of their respective 
branches ; that the president, or, in his absence, the senior fellow present^ shall al- 
ways be moderator of the fellows ; that the corporation, at their annual meetings, 
once in three years, or oftener, in case of death or removal, shall, and may choose 
•a chancellor of the university, and treasurer, from among the trustees, and a secre- 
tary from among the fellows ; that the nomination of the chancellor shall be in the 
trustees, whose office shall be only to preside as a moderator of the trustees ; and 
that in his absence, the trustees shall choose a modei-ator for the time being, by the 
name of vice chancellor; and at any of their meetings, duly formed, as aforesaid, 
shall, and may be, elected a trustee or fellow, or trustees, or fellows, in the room of 
those nominated in this charter, who may refuse to accept, or in the room of those 
who may die, resign, or be removed. 

And furthermore, it is enacted, ordained and declared, that this corporation, at any 
of their meetings regularly convened, as aforesaid, shall, and may, elect and appoint 
the president and professors of languages and the several parts of litei-ature ; and 
upon the demise of him or them, or either of them, their resignation or removal from 
his or their office, for misdemeanor, incapacity, or unfaithfulness, (for which he or they 
are hereby declared removeable by this corporation,) others to elect and appoint 
in their room and stead ; and at such meeting, upon the nomination of the fellows, 
to elect and appoint tutors, stewai'ds, butlers, and all such other officers usually ap- 
pointed in colleges or universities, as they shall find necessary, and think fit to ap- 
point for the promoting libei'al education, and the well ordering the affairs of this 
college ; and them, or any of them, at their discretion to remove, and substitute 
others in their places ; and in case any president, trustee or fellow, shall see cause 
to change his religious denomination, the corporation is hereby empowered to de- 
clare his or their place or places vacant, and may proceed to fill up it or them, ac- 
cordingly, as before directed ; otherwise, each trustee and fellow, not an oflictir of 
instruction, shall continue in his office during life, or until resignation. 

And further, in case either of the religious denominations should decline taking 



1764.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 389 



a part in this catholic, comprehensive and liberal institution, the trustees and fel- 
lows shall, and may, complete their number, by electing from their respective de- 
nominations, always preserving their respective proportions herein before prescrib- 
ed and determined ; and all elections shall be by ballot or written suffrage ; and 
that a quorum of four trustees and three fellows may transact any business, except- 
ing placing the college edifice, election of trustees, president, fellows and professors ; 
that is to say : so that their acts shall be of force and validity until the next annual 
meeting, and no longer. 

And it is further enacted and ordained by the authority aforesaid, that each 
trustee and fellow, as well those nominated in this charter, as all that shall hereaf- 
ter be duly elected, shall, previous to their acting in a corporate capacity, take the 
engagement of allegiance prescribed by the law of this colony to His Majesty King 
George the Third, his heirs and rightful successors to the crown of Great Britain ; 
which engagement shall be administered to the present trustees and fellows, by the 
Governor or Deputy Governor of this colony, and to those from time to time here- 
after elected by their respective moderators, who are hereby empowered to admin- 
ister the same. 

And still more clearly to define and ascertain the respective powers of the two 
bi'anches, on making and enacting laws, — 

It is further ordained and declared, that the fellowship shall have power, and are 
hereby empowered from time to time, and at all times hereafter, to make, enact 
and publish all such laws, statutes, regulations and ordinances, with penalties, as to 
them shall seem meet, for the successful instruction and government of the said 
college or university, not contrary to the spirit, extent, true meaning and inten- 
tion of the acts of the British Parliament, or the laws of this colony ; and the same 
laws, statutes and ordinances to repeal ; which laws, and the repeals thereof, shall 
be laid before the trustees, and with their approbation, shall be of force and validi- 
ty, but not otherwise. 

And further, the trustees and fellows, at their meetings, aforesaid, shall ascertain 
the salaries of the respective officers, and order the monies assessed on the students 
for tuition, fines and incidental expenses, to be collected by the steward, or such 
other officer as they shall appoint to collect the same ; and the same, with their 
i-evenues, and other college estates in the hands of the treasurer, to appropriate in 
discharging salaries and other college debts ; and the college accounts shall be an- 
nually audited and adjusted in the meeting of the corporation. 

And furthermore, it Is hereby enacted and declared, that into this liberal and 
catholic institution, shall never be admitted any rehgious tests ; but on the contra- 
ry, all the members hereof, shall forever enjoy full, free, absolute, and uninter- 
rupted liberty of conscience ; and that the places of professors, tutors, and all other 
officers, the president alone excepted, shall be free and open for all denominations 
of Protestants ; and that youth of all religious denominations, shall, and may, be 
freely admitted to the equal advantages, emoluments, and honors of the college or 
university ; and shall receive a like, fair, generous, and equal treatment during 
their residence therein, they conducting themselves peaceably, and conforming to 
the laws and statutes thereof; and that the public teaching, shall, in general, re- 
spect the sciences ; and that the sectarian differences of opinions, shall not make 
any part of the public and classical instruction ; although all religious controver- 
sies may be studied freely, examined and explained by the president, professors 
and tutors, in a personal, separate, and distinct manner, to the youth of any or each 



390 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764. 

denomination ; and above all, a constant regard be paid to, and effectual care tak- 
en of, the morals of the college. 

And furthermore, for the honor and encouragement of literature, we constitute 
and declare, the fellowship, aforesaid, a learned faculty ; and do hereby give, grant 
unto, and Invest them and their successors with, full power and authority, and 
they are hereby authorized and empowered, by their president, and In his absence, 
by the senior fellow, or one of the fellows appointed by themselves at the anniver- 
saiy commencement, or at any other times, and at all times hereafter, to admit to, 
and confer any and all the learned degrees, which can or ought to be given and con- 
ferred In any of the colleges or universities in America; or any such other degrees 
of literary honor as they shall devise, upon any and all such candidates and per- 
sons as the president and fellows, or fellowship, shall judge worthy of the academi- 
cal honors ; which power of conferring degrees. Is hereby restricted to the learned 
faculty, who shall, or ma^'. Issue diplomas, or certificates, of such degrees, or confer 
degrees by diplomas, and authenticate them with the public seal of the corporation, 
and the hands of the president and secretary, and of all the professors, as witnesses, 
and deliver them to the graduates as honorable and perpetual testimonies. 

And furthermore, for the greater encouragement of this seminary of learning, 
and that the same may be amply endowed and enfranchised with the same privi- 
leges, dignities and immunities enjoyed by the American colleges, and European 
universities, — 

We do grant, enact, ordain and declare, and it Is hereby granted, enacted, or- 
dained and declared, that the college estate, the estates, persons, and famihes of 
the president and professors, for the time being, lying and being within the colony, 
with the persons of the tutors and students, during their residence at the college, 
shall be freed and exempted from all taxes, serving on juries, and menial services ; 
and that the persons, afoi-esaid, shall be exempted from bearing arms, impresses 
and military services, except in case of Invasion. 

And furthermore, for establishing the perpetuity of this corporation, and In case 
that at any time hereafter, through oversight, or otherwise, through misapprehen- 
sions and mistaken constructions of the powers, liberties and franchises herein con- 
tained, any laws should be enacted, or any matters done and transacted by this 
corporation contrary to the tenor of this charter, — 

It Is hereby enacted, ordained and declared, that all such laws, acts and doings, 
shall be in themselves null and void ; yet, nevertheless, the same shall not. In any 
courts of law, or by the General Assembly, be deemed, taken, interpreted, or ad- 
judged Into an avoidance, defeazance, or forfeiture of this charter ; but that the 
same shall be, and remain unhurt, Inviolate, and entire unto the said corporation, 
in perpetual succession ; which corporation may, at all times, and forever hereaf- 
ter, proceed, and continue to act ; and all their acts, conformably to the powers, 
tenor, true intent and meaning of the charter, shall be, and remain in full force 
and validity ; the nullity and avoidance of any such illegal acts, to the contrary in 
any wise, notwithstanding. 

And lastly, we, the Governor and Company, aforesaid, do, for ourselves, and our 
successors, forever, hereby enact, grant and confirm unto the said trustees and fel- 
lows, and to their successoi's, that this charter of Incorporation, and every part 
thereof, shall be good and available in all things in the law, according to our true 
intent and meaning; and shall be construed, i-eputed, and adjudged in all cases 
mo:-t favorablv on the behalf and for the best bencfi!; and behoof of the said trustees 



1764] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 391 



and fellows, and their successors, so as most effectually to answer the valuable ends 

of this most useful institution. 

In full testimony of which grant, and of all the articles and matters therein con- 
tained, the said Governor and Company do hereby order, that this act shall 
be signed by the Governor and secretary, and sealed with the public seal of 
this colony, and registered in the colony's records ; and that the same, or an 
exemplification thereof, shall be asufficient warrant to the said corporation to 
hold, use and exercise all the powers, franchises, and immunities herein con- 
tained. 

Whereas, Joseph Lippitt, Esq., Mr. John Waterman, Jr. and 
Daniel Howland, Esq., presented unto this Assembly, the fol- 
lowing report, to wit : 

Report. 

Whereas, the Honorable the General Assembly now held at East Greenwich, 
within the colony of Rhode Island, appointed us, the subscribers, a committee, to 
audit the accounts of sundry ship carpenters, and other artificers, who were taken 
at Oswego, and carried into captivity by the French ; and we, in obedience to said 
appointment, having taken the matter under consideration, and examined the 
muster roll, evidences, and other papers relating to said acccounts, find due (since 
said fortress was surrendered to the French, till the decease or return home of the 
several persons, undernamed), the following sums, to wit : 

John Tarbox, enlisted as a carpenter; captivated the 14th of August, 1750 ; 
twelve months' wages due, amotmting to £54, sterling. 

Beriah Goddard, carpenter, captivated as above; six months and one half wages 
due, amounting to £29 5s., sterhng. 

Thomas Goddard, carpenter, captivated as above ; eleven months' wages due, 
amounting to £49 10s., sterling. 

Benjamin Nichols, sawer aloft, captivated as above ; six months' wages due, 
amounting to £23 12s. 6(7., sterling. 

William Nelson, Seaman, captivated as above ; twenty-two months' and five 
days' wages due, amounting to £33 5.s. 8(/. 

Edward Clannlng, sawer, &c., captivated as above ; twelve months' wages due, 
amounting to £43 17s. 6d., sterling. 

Joseph Peterson, carpenter, captivated as above ; twelve months' wages due, 
amounting to £54, sterling. 

Samuel Mott, sawer, captivated as above ; twelve months' wages due, amount- 
ting to £40 10s., sterling. 

George Munro, caulker, captivated as above; twenty months' wages due, 
amounting to £67 10s., sterhng. 

All which, is submitted, by — 

JOSEPH LIPPITT, DANIEL HOWLAND, 

JOHN WATERMAN, JR., 

East GrceuAvich, INIarch 2d, 1 764. Committee. 



392 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [17G4. 

And the report being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
accepted ; that Joseph Sherwood, Esq., the agent for this colo- 
ny, in Great Britain, be, and he is hereby, directed to lay this 
afiliir before the lords of the treasury and the lords of the 
admiralty ; provided, that no charge arises to the colony 
thereby. 

An Act for the more speedy calling in and sinking all the out- 
standing bills of credit, emitted by virtue of an act of the 
General Assembly of this colony, made and passed at their 
session, held by adjournment, at Providence, on the 18th day 
of March, A. D. 1750, (which is called the ninth bank,) and 
were let out upon loan ; and likewise, for putting a final 
end to the name of old tenor, throughout this colony. 
Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the authority 
thereof it is enacted, that from and after the publication of this 
act, it shall, and may be, lawful for all and every person and per- 
sons who have taken any sum of the bills of credit of this colony, 
emitted by virtue of an act of the General Assembly of this 
colony, made and passed at the session, held on the 18th day 
of March, A. D. 1750, and have mortgaged his, or their lands, 
to secure the payment thereof to the trustees of the colony ; or 
such other person or persons who are now obliged to pay any 
sum or sums of said bills to the colony, ma}^ by force and virtue 
of this act, at any time before the 1st day of January, A. D. 
1766, pay any one or more fifth or fifths, and receive the bond 
or bonds for such fifth or fifths, so paid, or pay the whole 
sum that remains due upon the mortgage, to the keeper of the 
grand committee's office, for the time being, who is hereby fully 
empowered and commanded to receive the same, either in the 
identical bills so emitted, or in silver, at the rate of £7, for 
one Spanish silver milled dollar; or other silver, at the same 
rate ; or in gold, being equivalent thereto. 

And the said keeper of the grand committee's office, afore- 
said, upon the receipt of the whole of what is due on the mort- 



1764.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 393 

gage, together with a certificate from the general treasurer, 
that the interest of said sum is paid in any of the bills of 
credit of this colony, or in silver and gold, as aforesaid, shall 
be obliged to deliver up such mortgage, with a discharge there- 
on ; together with all the bonds dependent thereon, to such 
persons who shall pay the money, as aforesaid. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
all persons who are possessed of any of the bills of credit, 
emitted by virtue of the aforesaid act of Assembly, may carry 
the same to the keeper of the grand committee's office, who is 
hereby empowered to receive the same, and give in exchange 
therefor, silver and gold, at the rate of £1, for one Spanish sil- 
ver milled dollar, as fist as silver and gold shall be paid into 
the said office, for the aforesaid loan money ; any law, custom 
or usage, to the contrary hereof, in any wise, notwithstanding. 

Protest. 

I do beg leave for to protest 
Against this bill, which doth transgress 
Against our sovereign lord the King ; 
Likewise injustice is therein ; 
For I can't see, upon my soul. 
Why two-fifths should discharge the whole. 

JAMES BARKER, JR. 

Whereas, the bounty allowed by law, for destroying of 
wolves, is not sufficient ; and whereas, it is represented by the 
inhabitants of the northern and western parts of the colony, 
that they have for some years past, and very lately, suffered 
greatly by having their creatures destroyed by those ravenous 
beasts ; — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof it is enacted, that for the future, the 
bounty or premium for killing of wolves, be augmented to 
£i, lawful money, per head ; and that proof of the same be 
made, as heretofore by law required. 

VOL. TI. 50 



394 RECORES OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764. 

Whereas, the laws of this colony, regulating appeals from 
the same to His Majesty in council, do not require bonds of 
the appellee, to secure to the appellant his costs upon a rever- 
sal of the judgment ; whereby, the appellant may not with- 
stand a reversal of the judgment, and His Majesty's order in 
council, for his costs, be by the appellee defeated of the same, 
in that the appellee may, before the final determination of 
the cause, either be rendered insolvent, or make his escape ; 
so that neither his body nor his effects can be found ; for rem- 
edy whereof, for the future, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof, it is enacted, that whenever any appeal is 
granted from this colony to His Majesty in council, that both 
the appellee and appellant shall, before they be admitted to 
receive from the clerk of the superior court copies of their 
case, give bond into his oflice, with good and sufficient surety^ 
in the sum of £200, sterling money of Great Britain, to be an- 
swerable to each other for the cost arising on said prosecution, 
agreeably with the final determination of the same before His 
Majesty in council ; any law, custom or usage, to the contrary, 
hereof, notwithstanding. 

An Act empowering the general treasurer to dispose of £7,576, 

sterling, being part of the money granted by the crown to 

the colonies. 

[This was a portion of the money granted by Parliament to 
the colonies, for reimbursing them the charges which arose on 
raising forces for the expedition in the year 1761, for the re- 
duction of Canada.] 

Whereas, Capt. Job Spencer, preferred a petition, and repre- 
sented unto this Assembly, that at a town meeting held in 
West Greenwich, on the first Tuesday in December last, he was 
directed by a vote of the said town, to petition this Assembly to 
grant a lottery for raising a sum of money to build a work-house, 
in said West Greenwich, for the more easy maintenance of the 
poor of said town ; and thereupon, tlie said Job tSpencer prayed 
this Assembly to grant a lottery, for raising the sum of £130. 



1764.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 395 

iawful money, to be appropriated for the building a work- 
house in the said town of West Greenwich ; and to appoint 
some proper persons directors for the carrying on and conduct- 
ing said lottery ; on consideration whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of the said Job 
Spencer, in the foregoing petition contained, be, and the same 
is hereby, granted ; that Samuel Hopkins and Preserved Hall, 
Esqs , and Mr. Benjamin Gardner, be appointed directors of the 
said lottery ; and that they give bond for the faithful perform- 
ance of the trust reposed in them, according to custom. 

God save the King. 



Proceedings of the General Assemhli/, held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the first Wednes- 
day of 3 fay, 1764. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 
Hon. Joseph Wanton, Jr., Deputy Governor. 

The following officers, declared elected, were duly engaged : 

ASSISTANTS. 

Mr. Peleg Thurston, Mr. Joseph Lippitt, 

Mr. Gideon Cornell, Mr. Jonathan Randall, 

Mr. Nicholas Tillinghast, Mr. Samuel Brownell, 

Mr. Darius Sessions, Lieut. Col. Joseph Haszard, 

Mr. John Almy, Mi\ Thomas Church. 

DEPUTIES. 

Neivport. Mr. Benjamin Greene, 

Mr. Metcalf Bowler, Mr. Daniel Ayrault, Jr., 

Mr. John Wanton, Capt. William Read. 
Mr. George Hazard, 



396 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND 



[1764. 



DEPUTIES. 



Providence. 
Mr. Daniel Jenckes, 
Mr. Moses Brown, 
Mr. Jacob Wightman, 
Mr. Eseck Hopkins. 
Portsmouth. 
Mr. David Anthony, 
Mr. Thomas BrownelL 
Mr. George Brownell, 
Mr. Jonathan Cornell. 

}\anvicJc. 
Mr. Philip Greene, 
Mr. Othniel Gorton, 
Mr. Benjamin Arnold, 3dj 
Mr. John Warner. 
Westerly/. 
Mr. James Babcock, Jr. 
Mr. David Maxson, 2d. 

Neiu Shoreham. 
Mr. John Littlefield, 
Capt. John Paine. 

North Kingstotvn. 
Mr. William Hall, 
Mr. Peter Phillips. 

South Kingstown. 
Mr. Thomas Potter, Jr. 
Mr. Enoch Haszard. 

East Greemuich. 
Maj. Preserved Pierce, 
Mr. Abial Hall. 

Jamestown. 
Mr. John Gardner, 
Mr. Oliver Martin. 
Smithfield. 
Capt. Joseph Mowrey, Jr., 
Mr. Samuel Winsor. 



Scituate. 
Capt. Job Randall, 
Mr. Jeremiah Angell. 

Glocester. 
Mr. Richard Steere, 
Mr. Benjamin Smith. 

Charlestoivn. 
Capt. Ptobert Potter, 
Mr. Christopher Champlin. 

West Greenwich. 
Mr. Preserved Hall, 
Mr. Job Spencer. 

Coventry. 
Mr. Obadiah Johnson, 
Mr. John Rice. 

Exeter. 
Mr. Joseph Holway, 
Mr. Daniel Barber. 
Middletoivn. 
Mr. Gideon Coggeshall, 
Mr. John Holmes. 

Bristol. 
Mr. William Bradford, 
Capt. Simeon Potter. 

Tiverton. 
Mr. Job Durfee, 
Mr. William Cooke. 
Little Compton. 
Mr. William Hall, 
i\Ir. Oliver Hilyard. 

^Yarren. 
Major Nathaniel Peck, 
Mr. Cromell Child. 
Cumherland. 
Mr. John Dexter, 
Mr. Joseph Davis, 



1764,] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 397 

DEPUTIES. 

Richmond. HojoJdnton. 

Capt. Simeon Clarke, Major Joshua Clarke, 

Capt. Caleb Barber. Mr. John Maxson. 
Cranston. Johnston. ■ 

Mr. Caleb Potter, Mr. Thomas Owen, 

Capt. Richard Searle. Mr. John Waterman, Jr. 

Daniel Ayrault, Jr., Esq., speaker, Josias Lyndon, Esq., clerk. 

Mr. Henry Ward, secretary. 
Mr. Augustus Johnston, attorney general. 
Mr. Joseph Clarke, general treasurer. 
John Cole, Esq., chief justice of the superior court of judi- 
cature, court of assize and general jail delivery. 

SHERIFFS OF THE SEVERAL COUNTIES. 

Newport county, Mr. Samuel Brenton. Providence county, 
Mr. Samuel Angell. Kings county, Mr. Beriah Brown. Bris- 
tol county, Mr. John Brown. Kent county, Mr. Henry Rice. 

FIELD OFFICERS OF THE SEVERAL COUNTIES. 

Newport county, Benjamin Sherburne, Esq., colonel : Jabez 
Champlin, Esq., lieutenant colonel ; Charles Spooner, Esq., 
major. 

Providence county, Charles Olney, Esq., colonel ; Thomas 
Angell, Esq., lieutenant colonel; Rufus Smith, Esq., major. 

Kings county, John Potter, 3d, Esq., colonel ; Elias Thomp- 
son, Esq., lieutenant colonel; James Babcock, Esq., major. 

Bristol county, Sylvester Child, Esq., colonel ; Thomas 
Church, Esq.. lieutenant colonel; Newbey Coggeshall, Esq., 
major. 

Kent county, John Waterman, Esq., colonel ; Jdab Stafford, 
Esq., lieutenant colonel ; Henry Gardner, Esq., major. 

God save the Kins;. 



398 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [17G4. 



Proceedings of the General Assemlhj, held for the Colony of Bhode 
Island and Providence Planiaiions, at Newport, on the second 
Monday of Jane, 1764. 

The Eon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Wanton, Jr., Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, a number of the inhabitants of Warwick, preferred 
a petition, and represented unto this Assembly, that the bridge 
over the river in said town, situated in that part called the 
Fulling Mill, is, by floods and the continual passing and re- 
passing of travellers and others, rendered much out of repair, 
and not passable with safety ; that as the post road leads over 
the same, and it is the most public road in the colony, it is 
highly necessary that a suitable and convenient bridge should 
be there erected, and kept in proper repair ; that the said town 
hath been at great expense in keeping the said bridge in re- 
pair for many years past ; and the said petitioners further rep- 
resented, that the said town is burthened with heavy expenses 
in building and maintaining several other large bridges in 
said town ; and thereupon, they prayed this Assembly to grant 
a lottery, for raising a sufficient sum of money to build a good 
and suitable bridge over the said river, at the place, aforesaid ; 
and that Messrs. Elisha Greene, Jr., Thomas Arnold and Thos. 
Arnold and Gideon Arnold, may be appointed to carry on and 
accomplish the same ; on consideration whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the foregoing petition be, and 
the same is hereby, granted ; and that the directors be empow- 
ered to raise the sum of £106, lawful money, for the purpose, 
aforesaid ; they giving bonds to the general treasurer for the 
faithful performance of their trust. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. Abraham Smith and 
John Andrews be, and they are hereby, appointed directors of 



17G4.] AND movroENCE plantations. 300 

the lottery granted for paving the streets in Providence, in the 
room of Benoni Pearce and Benjamin ]\Ian, who decline 
serving. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor, Ed- 
ward Scott, Martin Howard, Jr. and Henry Ward, Esqs., be, 
and they are hereby, appointed a committee, to revise all the 
laws of this colony, and put them in order, to be printed in 
one volume. 

Whereas, Mr. Peter Mumford, preferred a petition, and rep- 
resented unto this Assembly, that the general treasurer, some 
time after he was directed to draw bills of exchange for the 
December money, applied to him, the petitioner, and informed 
him that the bills went off very dull ; and that the possessors 
of the December money were urgent to have the same ex- 
changed for silver and gold, and requested him to use his best 
endeavors to sell the bills in Boston, which he cheerfully un- 
dertook, knowing that it would not only very much oblige the 
possessors of the December money, but also be of great bene- 
fit to the colony, by bringing into it so large a sum of silver 
and gold ; that by his great care, trouble and industry, he sold 
of the said bills to the amount of £2,482 16s. ^d., sterling, to 
about eighteen or twenty of the merchants in Boston ; for 
which he bath received but a trifling satisfaction ; and that from 
but a very few of the persons he sold the bills to ; the others 
telling him, that their province always defrayed those charges, 
and that our colony ought to do the same ; and that he (not doubt- 
ing but the colony would make him reasonable satisfaction,) 
concluded it would be better to dispose of the bills (which 
were much found fault with,) upon the purchasers' terms, than 
not to sell them at all ; and thereupon, the said Peter Mumford 
prayed this Assembly, to make him such allowance as will be 
an adequate reward for the trouble he was at, and the risk 
he ran in transacting the said business ; on consideration 
whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the sum of £10, lawful money, 
he allowed, and paid the said Peter Mumford out of the gen- 
eral, for his aforementioned services. 



400 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764. 

Whereas^ some officers in this colony, and other joersons, le- 
gally empowered, have presumed to join persons together in 
marriage without due and lawful publication, greatly to the 
disquiet of their parents and friends, and often to the utter ruin 
of the persons themselves, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof it is enacted, that if any assistant, justice 
of the peace, or warden, or any other person or persons in this 
colony, shall, for the future, join any persons together in mar- 
riage, without due and lawful publication, the person so offend- 
ing, shall, upon conviction thereof, forfeit and pay as a fine, into 
the general treasur}^, the sum of £100, lawful money, to be re- 
covered by the general treasurer, in an action of debt, at the 
inferior court of common pleas, in the count}^ where the offence 
shall be committed ; and, if an officer of this colony, shall be 
suspended from his office, and rendered incapable, for the fu- 
ture, of sustaining any office in this colony. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Deputy Gov- 
ernor, Mr. Moses Brown and Othniel Gorton, Esq., be, and they 
are hereby, appointed a committee, to prepare a bill for sink- 
ing" such of the lawful money bills of credit as were emitted in 
the year 1759, for which no provision hath been yet made. 

Whereas, several of the inhabitants of the town and county 
of Bristol, preferred a petition, and represented unto this As- 
sembly, that the county house, in said Bristol, is in a ruinous 
and decayed condition, and so open and exposed to the in- 
clemencies of the weather, that the Judges, for some years past, 
have been obliged to hold the courts in other places, especially 
in the winter season ; that the foundation, sills, doors, &c., are 
defective and rotten ; and that for want of the necessary re- 
pairs, having from time to time been made, as occasion required, 
the said court house is at present quite past repairing ; and 
that the other counties in the colony are amply provided and 
accommodated with handsome and convenient court houses^ 
(some of them noble and elegant structures,) by means of the 
generous provision made for that purpose, by the General As- 
sembly ; and thereupon, the petitioners prayed this Assembly 



1764.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 401 

to make provision for building such a county house in the said 
town of Bristol, as will answer tlie ends and purposes of such 
an house, and in no wise derogate from the public spiritedness 
of the General Assembly ; on consideration whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved, that Thomas Church, Esq. and 
Messrs. John G. Wanton and Moses Brown, be, and they are 
hereby, appointed a committee to examine into the circum- 
stances and condition of the said court house ; and that they 
make report to this Assembly, at the next session, what ap- 
pears to them necessary to be done to the said court house. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor, 
Nicholas Tillinghast, Darius Sessions and Daniel Jenckes, 
Esqs. and Mr. Moses Brown, be, and they, or the major part of 
them, are hereby, appointed a comniittee, to prepare an answer 
to the queries sent to this government by the board of trade ; 
and that they present the same to this Assembly, at the next 
session. 

Whereas, Joseph Lippitt, Thomas Church, Job Randall and 
John Barker, Esqs., presented unto this Assembly the follow- 
ing report, to wit : 

Report of the Commiitec concerning the lands of the Narragansett 
iriJje of Indians. 

We, the subscribers, with Mr. William Potter, being appoint- 
ed by the Honorable General Assembly, at their session, in Au- 
gust last, to set off and bound the various tracts of land that 
heretofore have been appropriated by the sachems of the Nar- 
ragansett tribe of Indians to that tribe, for their sole use? 
maintenance and support, &c., do report : 

That, agreeably to said appointment, we have been and 
viewed the said lands ; and on examining said Indians, and 
others, cannot find any lands set off or appropriated by the sa- 
chems to said tribe, as a tribe ; but we find various tracts or 
pieces of land, which have been sot off to particular persons or 
families, amounting, in the whole, to between two and three 
thousand acres ; which, the sacheai saith, is what he meant to 

VOL. VI, 51 



402 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764. 

give and execute a deed of to said tribe, and is still willing to 
do it, according to his agreement and promise, at said General 
Assembly ; but as there are large tracts of land, which are 
neither leased by the sachem, nor set off to any of the tribe, 
but seem to be in common, used when wanted, both by sachem 
and tribe, the petitioners insisting on that, or part of it, being 
set oft with the rest. 

And whereas, there is a larger number of said tribe than the 
petitioners, who seem utterly against being set oft", but choose 
to" remain with the sachem, as heretofore ; and say the petition- 
ers may be set off' by themselves, but they are not willing to be 
set off with them ; but we not having authority to set off any 
lands to part of the tribe, unless we could have persuaded them 
to agree where and how much ; so, after several days waiting 
on them, trying to get them to agree how much to set off", and 
where -, but we could not ; we were obliged to return, and do 
report as abovesaid. 

All which is submitted by — 

JOSEPH LIPPITT, JOB RANDALL, 

THOMAS CHURCH, JOHN BARKER. 

N. B. As the lands set off and improved by the tribe, or 
particular persons, are intermixed with other lands, some 
leased, and others unimproved ; we think, if it be set off from 
the other lands, it must be surveyed, which is a work of con- 
siderable time. 

Whereas, John Shearman, who was convicted of a capital 
crime in this colony, is now in Boston jail, and it is expected 
that he will soon be sent into this colony, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that upon the said John 
Shearman's being brought into the county of Newport, that 
the sheriff of the said county be, and he is hereby, empowered 
and directed to receive the said John Shearman, and safely 
confine him in His Majesty's jail in Newport, until the next 
session of this Assembly. 

God save the Kino;. 



1764.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 403 



Proceedings of the General Assembly , held for the Colony of Rhode 
Island and Frovidence Plantations ^ at Neivport, on the 30/^ 
day of July, 1764. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Wanton, Jr., Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor, 
Daniel Jenckes, Esq. and Mr. Nicholas Brown, be, and they 
are hereby, appointed a committee to confer and consult with 
any committee or committees that are, or shall be, appointed 
by any of the British colonies upon the continent of North 
America, and to agree with them upon such measures (either 
by application to His Majesty, or the British Parliament, or 
otherwise) as shall appear to them necessary and proper, to 
procure a repeal of the act of the sixth of His late Majesty, 
commonly called the sugar act ; and also, of the act passed at 
the last session of Parliament, for levying several duties in the 
colonies, or in procuring the duties in the said last mentioned 
act, to be lessened ; also, to prevent the levying a stamp duty 
upon the North American colonies, now under the considera- 
tion of Parliament ; and, generally, for the prevention of all 
such taxes, duties, or impositions, that may be proposed to be 
assessed upon the colonists, which may be inconsistent with 
their rights and privileges as British subjects ; and that they 
make report to this Assembly, at the next session. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the above named 
persons be also appointed a committee to prepare an answer to 
the requisition of the lords commissioners for trade and the 
plantations, respecting the paper currency of this colony ; and 
that they present the same to this Assembly, at the next 
session. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that His Honor the 



404 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764. 

Governor, be, and he is hereby, requested to inform the agent 
of the steps this Assembly are taking ; and to direct him, in 
in the mean time, to do every thing in his power, either alone, 
or by joining with the agents of the other governments, to 
effect the purposes intended by this Assembly. 
God save the King. 

The Earl of Halifax to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

To His Majesty's Governor of the colony of Rhode Island : 

Sir : — The House of Commons having, in the last session of Parliament, come to 
a resolution, by which it is declared that, towards defraying the necessary expenses 
of defending, protecting and securing the British colonies and plantations in 
America, it may be proper to charge certain stamp duties in the said colonies and 
plantations, it is His Majesty's pleasure, that you should transmit to me, Avithout 
delay, a list of all instruments made use of in pubHc transactions, law proceedings, 
grants, conveyances, securities of land or money within your government, with 
proper and sufficient descriptions of the same, in order, that if Parliament should 
think proper to pursue the intention of the aforesaid resolution, they may thereby 
be enabled to carry it into execution, in the most effectual and least burdensome 
manner. 

If you should be unable of yourself to jirepare a list of this kind with sufficient 
accuracy, you will, in such case, require the assistance of His Majesty's attorney 
general, or the principal law officer of the crown, Avithiu your government, who are 
the proper persons to be consulted, towards procuring the said information in the 
manner required. I am, etc., DUNK HALIFAX. 

St. James's, 11th August, 1764. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Bhocle 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, on the second 
Monday in September, 1764. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Wanton, Jr., Deput}^ Governor. 

Whereas, Messrs. William Arnold, Amos Sprague and oth- 
ers, preferred a petition, and represented unto this Assembly, 
that some of them were appointed directors of a lottery, grant- 
ed by the General Assembly, for raising a sum of money for 



1764.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 405 

re-building the bridge over Pawtucket river, between the 
towns of Smithfield and Cumberland, called and known by the 
name of Wonosoket Bridge ; that they have drawn the said 
lottery in two classes, in which the sum of £2,000, old tenor, 
was raised for the said purpose ; that they have advanced out 
of their own stock, £361, old tenor, over and above the sum 
raised by said lottery, and that the said bridge is not yet 
completely repaired ; and thereupon they prayed this Assem- 
bly to grant a lottery to raise the further sum of £2,000, old 
tenor, which will reimburse them the money they have expend- 
ed, and also complete the repairing of the said bridge ; on con- 
sideration whereof, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the authori- 
ty thereof it is enacted, that the foregoing petition be, and the 
same is hereby, granted ; and that Messrs. William Arnold, 
Amos Sprague, Charles Capron, Ilezekiah Herrenden and Sam- 
uel Cooke, be continued directors of the said lottery ; and that 
they, or the major part of them, be, and they are hereby, fully 
empowered to set forth a lottery for raising the aforesaid sum 
in the same manner, and under the same regulations, as the 
former lottery ; they giving bond, as usual. 

It is voted and resolved, that the chief justice of the supe- 
rior court, in this colony, be directed, and he is hereb}^ directed, 
to issue a warrant for tlie execution of John Shearman, now a 
prisoner in jail, and under sentence of death, (and who had 
been reprieved by the General Assembly, and the time allowed 
him to apply for His Majesty's mercy being expired,) on Fri- 
day, the 16th da}^ of November next. 

It is voted and resolved, that a tax of £12,000, lawful 
mone}^, be assessed and levied on the inhabitants of this colony ; 
that £10,000 thereof, be paid in lawful money bills of credit, 
which were emitted in March and May, A. D. 1760, for sink- 
ing so much of the bills emitted at those times ; and that the 
other £2,000, be paid in any lawful money bills, or old tenor, 
at twenty-three and one-third for one, for supplying the general 
treasury. 



406 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764. 

Proicsf. 

I, the subscriber, beg leave to dissent from the above vote, 
for the tax of £12,000, lawful money, as, in my opinion, the 
inhabitants are not able, at this time, to pay so large a sum, as 
the last tax is not all collected, and the inhabitants greatly 
distressed in paying the last tax ; and the collectors are now 
sued, and the inhabitants have their cattle and sheep now 
taken and posted for sale, for the last tax ; and in my opinion, 
£10,000, lawful money, is as much as the inhabitants can 
pay ; and the £2,000, for defraying the present charge of the 
colony, would be an easement to the inhabitants to strike off 
that sum for two years, agreeably to act of Parliament. 

ROBERT POTTER. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee appointed at the 
last session of this Assembly, to write to the neighboring gov- 
ernments, and remonstrate to the Parliament, &c., be, and they 
are hereby, continued a committee for the purposes for which 
they were appointed, and with the same powers as were then 
given them ; and that the same gentlemen be also continued a 
committee, to prepare a state of the currency, and lay the same 
before this Assembly, at the next session. 

It is voted and resolved, that the colony's clothing, now in 
the hands of the general treasurer, be sold either at private 
sale, or at vendue, as he may think best. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor, be, 
and he is hereby, requested to write to the colony's agent, in 
Great Britain, and desire him to procure, from the lords of the 
admiralty, twenty-four ]Mediterranean passes, to be lodged with 
the Governor, for the use of those who may apply ; they pay- 
ing for the same, as customary. 

God save the King. 



1764.] AND PROVIDEx\CE PLANTATIONS. 407 



Proceedings of the General Assembly^ held for the Colony of Bhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, on the last 
Wednesday in Octoher, 1764. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Wanton, Jr., Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that James Angell, Esq., Mr. Benja- 
min Greene and Othniel Gorton, Esq., be, and they, or the ma- 
jor part of them, are hereby appointed a committee to audit 
the several accounts of charges which have arisen by means of 
appointing persons to prevent the small pox from being- 
brought into this colony ; and that they make report to this 
Assembly, at the present session. 

Whereas, the committee appointed to prepare a statement of 
the paper currency of this colony, in answer to the requisition 
of the lords commissioners for trade and the plantations, pre- 
sented unto this Assembly the following statement of the 
same, to wit : 

Ileport of the Committee appointed to prepare a statement of the 
condition of the currency of the colony. 

A statement of the paper bills of credit, issued since the year 1749, by the colony 
of Rhode Island, drawn up in obedience to an order of the lords commissioners 
of trade and plantations ; dated at AVhitehall, the 11th of May, 17G1. 

In the month of March, 1750, there were issued by said colony, £25,000 in l)ills, 
ec^ual in value to about £18,750, sterling. These bills were let out upon loan lor 
ten years, at five per cent, interest, and then to be paid in at five equal annual 
payments ; the whole of which sums is near expiring. These bills having depre- 
ciated, are now of two-fifths the value they were at when emitted. All the out- 
standing bills, emitted before the year 1750, called old tenor, are drawing near 
their periods, and will terminate in a short time. 

Tn the year 1755, for paying the paying the expense incuri-ed by tlie colony in 



408 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764. 

carrying on the expedition against Crown Point, tliere v,-ere issued bills equal to 
£13,500, sterling, to circulate two years, without interest, and then to be called in 
and sunk, which was performed punctually within the time limited. 

In the year 175G, for paying the expenses incurred by the colony in the second 
expedition against Crown Point, there were issued bills equal in value to £10,500, 
sterling, like those of the last year, to circulate two years, without interest, and then 
to be called In and sunk ; which Avas fully done, within the time limited. 

The war still continuing, and the colony being called upon for larger quotas of 
men than it had hitherto raised, perceived that bills must of necessity be issued for 
a longer period than two years otherwise It would be unable to preserve their 
credit by a punctual payment at the time promised. 

Accordingly, in the year 1758, the colony issued IjIIIs, agreeably, as it supposed, 
to one of the provisos contained in the act of Parliament, passed in the twenty- 
fourth year of the reign of His late Majesty King George the Second, entitled " An 
act to regulate and restrain paper bills of credit in His Majesty's colonies or plan- 
tations of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, the Massachu- 
setts Bay and New Hampshire, In America; and to prevent the same being legal 
tenders In payment of money ;" which bills were to circulate for five years, and 
carry an interest of five per cent, per annum; £ 20,909, was this year issued, 
agreeing in value to the proclamation of the tenth of Queen Anne, to £l5,681 15s., 
sterling. These bills were wholly called in and bui'nt Avithin the time. 

But as all the paper bills that have beeu emitted by the colony, since the year 
1 758, have been in exact conformity, in every respect, to those emitted at that 
time, we here subjoin a copy of the act of Assembly, by which part of the said bills 
were created and issued, as a specimen of all the emitting acts since that time. 

" An Act i'ov emitting, in bills of credit, a sum not exceeding £10,000, lawful 

money. 

Whereas, the General Assembly of this colony, at their .session, in South Kings- 
town, on JNIonday, the 1.3th of March last. In obedience to His Majesty's commands, 
signified by one of his principal secretaries of state, passed ' An act for raising and 
paying one thousand able bodied, effective men, for the ensuing campaign, against 
His Majesty's enemies in North America.' And In order to supply the general 
treasury, for carrying the intentions of the act aforesaid, into execution, the Assem- 
bly then directed the ti-easurer to hire as much money as would be needful for that 
purpose ; but the treasurer having found it altogether impracticable to hii-e suffi- 
cient sums of money for the ends, aforesaid ; and It being of the utmost necessity 
and importance that the treasury should In- sulHcIently supplied on this extraordi- 
nary occasion, — 

Therefore, be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the authority of the 
same it is enacted, that bills of credit be forthwith impressed from types, and signed 
by the persons hereinafter named, to aAalue not exceeding £10,000, lawful money, 
esteeming silver at and after the rate of six shillings and nine pence per ounce, and 
gold at Its proportionate value ; that the said bills shall carry an interest of five 
per cent., per annum, to the possessor ; and shall pass with the interest added to 
1 hem, in all payments In which those bills are a lawful tender; the bills so emit- 
Icd. sli;dl be (if tlic denomination of thirty shillings, twenty shillings, ten shillings, 



1761] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 409 



five shillings, two shillings, one shilling and of six pence ; and an equal number of 
bills shall be made of each denomination ; and the bills shall be of the following 
form: 

' The possessor of tJm bill shall be jjaid by the treasure}- of the colony of Rhode 
Island, thirty shillings, lawful money, at the rate of six shillings and nine pence, for 
one ounce of silver, with interest at fioe per cent, per annum, luithin five years from 
the date hereof. By order of Assembly, the 8th day of May, 1758.' 

And those bills, as soon as made, shall be put into the general treasury, for the 
use and purposes, above mentioned ; and shall be received from thence for paying 
the expenses of the present, or any other expedition, at the value, aforesaid ; and 
that one milled dollar shall at all times hereafter be taken in lieu of six shillings of 
those bills ; and the bills, so to be made, shall be caused to be printed with such 
devices on the backs and borders, as shall be thought fit ; and signed, and put into 
the treasury, by Jabez Bowen, Jeremiah LIppitt, Joshua Babcock, Benjamin 
Nichols and Joseph Clarke, Esqs., or any three of them. 

And for the calling In, and redeeming the bills to be emitted In consequence of 
this act, — 

Be It further enacted, that a rate or rates be assessed on the inhabitants of this 
colony, in such time that it may be collected and brought into the treasury in due 
season to redeem the whole of the said bills, together with the interest arising upon 
the same, within five years from the day of their dates ; and that the whole of the 
rate or rates to be made for that purpose, shall be made in the same bills, now or- 
dered to be emitted ; or in silver, at the rate of six shillings and nine pence for 
every ounce, or in gold, at a proportionate value, or in milled dollars, at the rate, 
aforesaid ; and the gold and silver by those means drawn Into the treasury, shall be 
immediately applied to redeem the outstanding bills to be by this act emitted." 

In the year 1759, for defraying the expense of the men raised for His Majesty's 
service in the same year, the colony issued £20,000, in bills of the same tenor, and 
of equal value Avith those emitted the year before ; and these bills have been wholly- 
called in and burnt. 

In the year 1760, for the same purpose, the colony issued £27,000, In bills, in the 
same manner ; these bills are redeemable within the next year from this time ; and 
provision is already made for bringing in £10,000, thereof, including interest ; but 
the colony Is not able to sink the remainder by the time it ought to be sunk, any 
otherwise than by taking up money upon loan, for redeeming the bills. 

Lastly, in the year 1762, for carrying on the Avar, the colony issued £13,000, in 
bills in the same manner, which will be redeemable in the year 176 7. 

The whole of the bills emitted on this plan, have at all times fully kept their 
value ; their only defect seeming to be, that they carry too high an interest, Avhich 
occasions their being hoarded, and thereby not ansAvering the end of a medium. 

By this statement, it appears, that there are now circulating in tJiIs colony, in 
bills Issued for carrying on the war, £40,000, equal to £30,000, sterling ; about 
two-thirds of AvhIch sum, must be called in and sunk in a year ; after which, 
£13,000, only, of the bills issued for the expense of the war, will be circulating ; 
these, together Avith the small remainder of old tenor bills that avIU be outstanding, 
Avill come to a final end, In the year 1 767. 
VOL. VI. 52 



410 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764. 

Besides the bills emitted, as aforesaid, this colony is largely in debt for money 
hired of private persons, during the com-se of the war ; and this debt is the greater, 
because it has received nothing for its expenses incurred in support of the war in 
the year 1756, which was reimbursed the other colonies, by Parliament. 

In a colony, where the constant demand for remittances to the mother country, 
makes it impossible for silver and gold to continue, what will be the medium and 
instrument of commerce, when paper bills are at an end, we know not. 

This is a true state of the paper bills of credit in the colony of Rhode Island, 
and is humbly submitted to Your Lordships' consideration, by the Governor and 
Company, thereof. 

Rhode Island, October 30, 1764. 



And the foregoing state of the paper bills of this colony 
being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
approved ; and that His Honor the Governor, be requested to 
sign and transmit two copies of the same to the lords commis- 
sioners for trade and the plantations, by the first opportunities. 

Whereas, Mr. Moses Brown, exhibited unto this Assembly, 
an account by him charged against the colony, for John 
Brown's bill, for one hundred and twenty-eight days' attend- 
ance at Narrow Passage Ferry, to prevent the small pox being- 
brought into the colony ; for Jonathan Hamman's bill, for a 
smoke house, &c. ; and the said account being duly con- 
sidered,^ 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
allowed. 

Whereas, this Assembly is informed, that there were brought 
to the inferior court of common pleas, held at Newport, in May 
last past, several actions by James Easton and others, the com- 
mittee in behalf of the Friends' Meeting, at Newport, against 
David Severs and sundry other persons ; which actions could 
not all be settled, by reason that Jonathan Freeborn, William 
Anthony and Thomas Gould, Esqs., three of the judges of said 
court being members of said meeting, declined giving any 
judgment therein, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that John Tillinghast, 
Esq. and Messrs. Benjamin Wickham and Evan Malbone, be^ 
find they are herel)y, appointed special judges of the said inferior 



1764.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 411 

court of common pleas, to sit in Newport, on the third Monday 
in November next ; and that they, and the other two judges of 
the said court, be, and they are hereby, fully authorized and 
empowered to hear and determine all causes that may then be 
pending, wherein the said committee of the Friends' Meeting 
are parties, as fully and effectually as the same could and 
might have been done, by the standing judges of said court. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor, Nich- 
olas Tillinghast, Joseph Lippitt, Joshua Babcock, Daniel 
Jenckes and John Cole, Esqs., and Mr. Nicholas Brown, be, 
and they, or the major part of them, are hereby appointed a 
committee, to prepare an address to His Majesty^ for a redress 
of our grievances, in respect to the duties, impositions, &c., al- 
ready laid, and proposed to be laid, in this colony ; and that 
they present the same to this Assembly, as soon as may be. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the said commit- 
tee procure all such records, papers, and what else shall be ne- 
cessary, for them to perform the business, aforesaid, at the 
charge of the colony. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor, be, 
and he is hereby, requested to write again to Joseph Sherwood, 
Esq., the agent for this colony, in Great Britain, and acquaint 
him of the information this day made to this Assembly, that a 
number of persons within the colony have petitioned His Maj- 
esty to vacate the charter of this colony ; and direct him to 
use his utmost endeavors to prevent the evil intended by the 
said petitioners ; and also, as soon as possible, to transmit a 
copy of the said petition, with the names of the subscribers, 
to the Governor and Company of this colony. 

God save the King. 



412 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764. 



Proceedings of the General Ass einhly, held for the Colony of Bliode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, on the last 
Tuesday in November, 1764. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor. 

The Hon. Joseph Wanton, Jr., Deputy Governor. 

An Act empowering the general treasurer to dispose of £3,562 

85. bd., sterling, being part of the money granted by the 

crown, to the colonies. 

[This sum was a part of the monies granted by the crown 
to the colonies, for reimbursing them the charges which arose 
on raising forces for the expeditions against His Majesty's 
enemies.] 

AVhereas, the committee, appointed to address His Majesty, 
upon account of the duties and impositions laid, and proposed 
to be laid, in this colony, reported an address to His Majesty ; 
which being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
approved ; and that four fair copies be made thereof, and 
signed by His Honor the Governor, in behalf of the Governor 
and Company of this colony, and sent by the first good oppor- 
tunities to the agent of this colony, in Great Britain, in order 
to be presented to His Majesty. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor, be, 
and he is hereby, requested to correct and finish the piece ly- 
ing before this Assembly, entitled, " The Rights of the Colonies 
Examined ;" that the same gentlemen who were appointed at 
last session a committee to prepare an address to His Majesty, 
be, and they are hereby, appointed a committee to view the 
said peformance, after it shall be completed ; that if they shall 
approve the same, that then His Honor be requested to pro- 
cure two fair copies thereof to be made, (nt the charge of the 



1764.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 413 

colony,) and transmit them to the agent, in Great Britain, to 
be by him put in print ; and to make use of the same, in con- 
junction with the other agents, as they shall think will be most 
for the advantage of the colonies. 

It is voted and resolved, that the inhabitants of the compact 
part of the town of Providence, as settled by act of Assembly, 
relating to the engine, be, and they are hereby, empowered to 
establish a watch in said town, and to tax the inhabitants of 
the said compact part of the town, for defraying the expense 
of the said watch ; and also, to choose proper persons to assess 
and collect said tax. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be, 
and he is hereby, requested to write an answer to the letter re- 
ceived from the Right Honorable the Earl of Halifax, relating 
to the post roads. 

It is votdd and resolved, that the secretary procure all the 
acts passed by the General Assembly of this colony, in the 
year 1756, and send them to the town clerk of Providence ; 
those formerly lodged in that office being burnt with the court 
house in Providence. 

God save the King. 

Public Ads ]}asscd diiritig the year 1764. 

[The following laws will be found at length in the printed " Schedules," or acts 
and resolves of the General Assembly, for the year 1764.] 

An Act for establishing and regulating fees. (JNIay.) Repealed in October. 

An Act for calling in and sinking £765 6s. %d.^ lawful money, being the amount of 

the outstanding bills of credit emitted in March, 1759. (July.) 
An Act for assessing upon the inhabitants of this colony a rate or tax of £12,000, 

lawful money, etc. (September.) 
An Act stating the fees of the collector, comptroller and searcher, of His Majesty's 
customs, and the naval officer, within this colony. (October.) 
An Act establishing and regulating fees. (November.) 



414 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764. 



Message of Governor HopJcins to the General Assemhli/. 

To the Honorable General Assembly : 

Gentlemen : — The dangers that threaten this colony, with respect to the peoples' 
liberties, will, I hope, procure your pardon for my troubling you in this way. My 
duty calls upon me, to lay before you some alarming circumstances, and recom- 
mend to you to do all in your power to avert the impending mischiefs. 

The burdens put on the trade of the northern colonies by a late act of Parlia- 
ment, are already severely felt ; the stamp duties intended to be laid upon them, 
will be a still heavier burden ; and the plan formed by the British ministry to raise 
as much money in America as hath been expended for its defence, must complete 
our ruin. 

To all this, let me add the information I have received, that a petition is al- 
ready sent to England, by a considerable number of the inhabitants of this colony, 
full of complaints against it ; praying that our charter may be taken away, and a 
new form of government introduced. 

These are certainly matters of the utmost importance to your constituents ; and 
as such, will, I hope, be seriously considered by you ; every remedy that is possible, 
properly applied ; and, should slavery become the portion of the unhappy people, 
let no part of their misfortune be chargeable on any neglect or inattention of their 
representatives. STEP. HOPKINS. 

November 4, 17G4. 



Petition of the Governor and Company of Rhode Island to the King. 

To the King's Most Excellent Majesty : the petition and address of the Governor 
and Company of the English colony of llhode Island and Providence Planta- 
tions, in New England, in America ; humbly showeth : 

That this part of America was first planted by adventurers, who left England, 
their native country, by permission of Your Majesty's royal predecessors ; and, at 
their own expense, transported themselves to America, with great hai'dship and 
difficulty, settled among savages, and formed new colonies in the wilderness. 

Before their departure, the terms they removed upon, and the relation they 
should stand in to the mother country, in their emigrant state, were settled. They 
were to remain subject to the King, and dependent on the kingdom of England; 
in return, they were to receive protection, and enjoy all the privileges of free born 
Englishmen. 

We acknowledge, with great gratitude, that the colonies have, at all times, re- 
ceived due succor, and the promised protection. 

Our dependence hath been testified by a constant and ready obedience to all 
the commands of Your Majesty, and your royal predecessors ; this, and the other 
colonies, having at all times, when called upon, raised men and money for the ser- 
vice of the crown and kingdom, with as much alacrity, and in as large proportions, 
a? hath been done in Great Britain, thi' abilities of eath, considered. 



1764.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 415 



With filial duty, we thankfully confess that from the first planting of these colo- 
nies, being more than one hundred and thirty years, we have fully enjoyed all the 
privileges and advantages that were promised to our ancestors, upon their first re- 
moval from England. Happy for us, and all the colonies, that we might still enjoy 
the blessings of the same mild and gracious government ; but here our fears inter- 
vene, and apprehensions of a different treatment from the mother country, suft'er us 
to go no further ; we must be silent, or we must complain ; we have a good cause ; 
we have a gracious Iving. 

AYe will, with the most submissive sentiments, open our grievances, and humbly 
lay our complaints before Your Majesty : 

The restraints and burdens laid on the trade of these colonies, by a late act of 
Parliament, are such, as if continued, must ruin it. The commerce of this colony 
dependeth ultimately on foreign molasses, and the duty on that being so much higher 
than it can possibly bear, must prevent its importation ; and by that means we shall 
be deprived of our principal exports, totally lose our trade to Africa, and be ren- 
dered unable to make remittance to Great Britain for the manufactm-es we cannot 
live without. 

The extensive powers given by the same act, to the courts of vice admiralty. In 
America, have a tendency. In a great measure, to deprive the colonies of that dar- 
ling privilege, trials by juries, the unalienable birthright of every Englishman ; 
and subjects the inhabitants here to other great hardships and Intolerable expenses ; 
as the seizor may take the goods of any person, though ever so legally imported, 
and carry the trial into any distant province ; and if the judge can be prevailed 
upon to certify that there was probable cause of seizure, the claimer is without 
remedy ; and herein we are unhappily distinguished from our fellow subjects in 
Britain. 

The colonies are much more alarmed, on being informed that Your IMajesty's 
ministers have formed a resolution to establish stamp duties, and other Internal 
taxes, to be collected within them. This design carried into execution, we humbly 
conceive, would tend to deprive us of our just and long enjoyed rights. We have 
hitherto possessed, as we thought, according to right, equal freedom with Your 
Majesty's subjects in Britain ; whose essential privilege it is, to be governed only 
by laws to which themselves have some way consented, and not to be compelled to 
part with their property, but as It Is called for by authority of such laws. 

The great difiiculty that has ever attended the trade of the colonies, is a scarcity 
of money. This is occasioned by the very great balance against them In their 
trade with Britain. The further drawing large sums from them, by duties on im- 
portations of divers kinds of goods, by the post office, by stamp duties, and other 
internal taxes, will, in a short time, quite drain these colonies of the little money 
they have ; totally deprive them of the means of paying their debts to, and contin- 
uing their trade with. Great Britain, and leave the people here poor and mis- 
erable. 

Our ancestors, being loyal and dutiful subjects, removed and planted here under 
a royal promise, that, observing and fulfilling the conditions enjoined them, they 
and their children afler them for ever, should hold and enjoy equal rights, privi- 
leges and immunities with their fellow subjects in Britain. The conditions have 
been faithfully kept by this colony. 

We do therefore most humbly beseech Your Majesty, that our freedom, and all 
our just rights may be rnntinued to us inviolate ; that our trade mny be i-estorod to 



416 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764. 

its former condition, and no further limited, restrained and burdened, than becomes 
necessary for the general good of all Your Majesty's subjects ; that the courts of 
vice admiralty may not be vested with more extensive powers in the colonies than 
are given them by law in Great Britain ; that the colonists may not be taxed but 
by the consent of their own representatives, as Your Majesty's other free subjects 
are. 

That while Your Majesty's subjects justly exult in being governed by the best of 
Kings, the father of his people, and guardian of their liberties, your loyal colonies 
may not, in your glorious reign, suffer any diminution of the advantages they have 
hitherto enjoyed. 

Whatever may be determined concerning them, the Governor and Company of 
Rhode Island will ever unalterably remain — 

Your Majesty's most loyal, most dutiful and most obedient subjects. 

STEPHEN HOPKINS. 

November 29, 1764. 



The Rights of Colonics Examined. 

[An address ordered to be published by the General Assembly, November, 1764.] 

"Mid the low murmurs of submissive fear 
And minj;Ied rage, my Hampden rais'd his voice, 

And to the laws appeal'd; " 

Thompson's Liherty. 

Liberty is the greatest blessing that men enjoy, and slavery the heaviest curse 
that human nature is capable of. — This being so, makes it a matter of the utmost 
importance to men, which of the two shall be their portion. Absolute liberty is, 
perhaps, incompatible with any kind of government. — The safety resulting from 
society, and the advantage of just and equal laws, hath caused men to forego some 
part of their natural liberty, and submit to government. This appears to be the 
most rational account of its beginning ; although, it must be confessed, mankind 
have by no means been agreed about it. Some have found Its origin in the divine 
appointment ; others have thought it took its rise from power ; enthusiasts have 
dreamed that dominion was founded in grace. 

Leaving these points to be settled by the descendants of Filmer, Cromwell and 
Venner, we will consider the British constitution, as it at present stands, on revolu- 
tion principles ; and from thence endeavor to find the measure of the magistrate's 
power and the people's obedience. 

This glorious constitution, the best that ever existed among men, will be con- 
fessed by all, to be founded by compact, and established by consent of the people. 
Bv this most beneficent compact, British subjects are to be governed only agreea- 
bly to laws to which themselves have some way consented ; and are not to be com- 
]3elled to part with their property, but as it Is called for by the authority of such 
laws. The former, Is truly liberty ; the latter, is really to be possessed of property, 
and to have something that may be called one's own. 

On the contrary, those who are governed at the will of another, or of others, 
and whose property may be taken from them by taxes, or otherwise, without their 
own consent, nnd a'iain^t tliclr will, are in the miserable condition of slaves. "For 



1761] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 417 



liberty solely consists in an independency upon the wUl of another ; and by the 
name of slave, we understand a man who can neither dispose of his person or 
goods, but enjoys all at the will of his master," says Sidney, on government. These 
things premised, whether the British American colonies, on the continent, are 
justly entitled to like privileges and freedom as their fellow subjects in Great 
Britain are, shall be the chief point examined. 

In discussing this question, we shall make the colonies in New England, with 
whose rights Ave are best acquainted, the rule of our reasoning ; not in the least 
doubting but all the others are justly entitled to like rights with them. 

New England was first planted by adventurers, who left England, their native 
country, by permission of King Charles the First ; and, at their own expense, 
tiansported themselves to America, with great risk and difficulty settled among 
savages, and in a very surprising manner formed new colonies in the wilderness. 
Before their departure, the terms of their freedom, and the relation they should 
stand in to the mother country, in their emigrant state, were fully settled ; they 
were to remain subject to the King, and dependent on the kingdom of Great Brit- 
ain. In return, they were to receive protection, and enjoy all the rights and 
privileges of free-born Englishmen. 

This is abundantly proved by the charter given to the Massachusetts colony, 
while they were still in England, and which they received and brought over with 
them, as the authentic evidence of the conditions they removed upon. The colonies 
of Connecticut and Rhode Island, also, afterwards obtained charters from the crown, 
granting them the like ample privileges. 

By all these charters, it is in the most express and solemn manner granted, that 
these adventurers, and their children after them for ever, should have and enjoy 
all the freedom and liberty that the subjects in England enjoy ; that they might 
make laws for their own government, suitable to their circumstances ; not repug- 
nant to, but as near as might be, agreeably to the laws of England ; that they 
might purchase lands, acquire goods, and use trade for their advantage, and have an 
absolute property in whatever they justly acquired. These, with many other gracious 
privileges, were granted them by several kings ; and they were to pay, as an ac- 
knowledgment to the crown, only one-fifth part of the ore of gold and silver, that 
should at any time be fonnd in the said colonies, in lieu of, and full satisfaction for, 
all dues and demands of the crown and kingdom of England upon them. 

There is not any thing new or extraordinary in these rights granted to the Brit- 
ish colonies ; the colonies from all countries, at all times, have enjoyed equal free' 
dom with the mother state. Indeed, there would be found very few people in the 
world, willing to leave their native country, and go through the fatigue and hardship 
of planting in a new uncultivated one, for the sake of losing their freedom. They 
who settle new countries, must be poor ; and, in course, ought to be free. Advan- 
tages, pecuniary or agreeable, are not on tlie side of emigrants ; and surely they 
must have something in their stead. 

To illustrate this, permit us to examine what hath generally been the condition 
of colonies with respect to their freedom ; we will begin with those who went out 
from the ancient commonwealths of Greece, which are the first, perhaps, we have 
any good account of. 

Thucidides, that grave and judicious historian, says of one of them, " they were 
not sent out to be slaves, but to be the equals of those who remain behind ;" and 
again, the Corinthians gave public notice, " that a new cplony was going to Epi- 

voL. VI. 53 



418 EECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764, 

damns, into wliich, all that -n-ould enter, should have equal and like privileges 
•with those Avho stayed at home." This was uniformly the condition of all the Gre- 
cian colonies ; they went out and settled new countries ; they took such forms of 
government as themselves chose, though it generally nearly resembled that of the 
mother state, whether democratical or ogligarchical. 'Tis true, they were fond to 
acknowledge their original, and always confessed themselves under obligation to 
pay a kind of honorary respect to, and show a filial dependence on, the common- 
wealth from whence they sprung. Thucidides again tells us, that the Corinthians 
complained of the Coreyreans, " from Avhom, though a colony of their own, they 
had received some contemptuous treatment ; for they neither paid them the usual 
honor on their public solemnities, nor began with a Corinthian in the distribution 
of the sacrifices, which is always done by other colonies." From hence, it is plain 
what kind of dependence the Greek colonies were under, and what sort of ac- 
knowledgment they owed to the mother state. 

If Ave pass from the Grecian to the Roman colonies, we shall find them not less 
free. But this difference may be observed between them, that the Koman colonies 
did not, like the Grecian, become separate states, governed by different laws, but 
always remained a part of the mother state ; and all that were free of the colonies, 
were also free of Rome, and had right to an equal suffrage in making all laws, and 
appointing all officers for the government, of the whole commonwealth. For the 
truth of this, we have the testimony of St. Paul, who though born at Tarsus, yet as- 
sures us he was born free of Rome. And Grotius gives us the opinion of a Roman 
king, concerning the freedom of colonies; King TuUius says : " For our part, we 
look upon it to be neither truth nor justice, that mother cities ought of necessity 
and by the law of nature, to rule over their colonies." 

When we come down to the latter ages of the world, and consider the colonies 
planted in the three last centuries, in America, from several kingdoms in Europe, 
we shall find them, says Puffendorf, very different from the ancient colonies, and 
gives us an instance in those of the Spaniards. Although it be confessed, these fall 
greatly short of enjoying equal freedom with the ancient Greek and Roman ones ; 
yet it will be said truly, they enjoy equal freedom with their countrymen in Spain ; 
but as they are all under the government of an absolute monarch, they have no 
reason to complain that one enjoys the liberty the other is deprived of. The 
French colonies will be found nearly in the same condition, and for the same rea- 
son, because their fellow subjects in France, have also lost their Uberty. And the 
question here is not whether all colonies, as compared one with another, enjoy 
equal liberty, but Avhether all enjoy as much freedom as the inhabitants of the 
mother state ; and this will hardly be denied in the case of the Spanish, French, 
or other modern foreign colonies. 

By this, it fully appears, that colonies, in general, both ancient and modern, have 
always enjoyed as much freedom as the mother state from which they went out ; 
and will any one suppose the British colonies in America, are an exception to this 
general rule ? Colonies that came out from a kingdom renowned for liberty ; from 
a constitution founded on compact ; from a people, of all the sons of men, the most 
tenacious of freedom ; who left the delights of their native country, parted from 
their homes, and all their conveniences, searched out and subdued a foreign coun- 
try, with the most amazing travail and fortitude, to the infinite advantage and 
emolument of the mother state ; that removed on a firm reliance of a solemn com- 
pact, and royal promise and grant, that they, and their successors for ever, should 



1764.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 419 

he free ; should be partakers and sharers in all the privileges and advantages of the 
(bhen English, now British eonstitution. 

If it were possible a doubt could yet remain, in the most unbelieving mind, that 
these British colonies are not every Avay justly and fully entitled to equal liberty 
and freedom with their fellow subjects in Europe, we might show, that the Parlia- 
ment of Gi'eat Britain, have always understood their riglats in the same light. 

By an act passsed in the thirteenth year of the reign of His late Majesty King 
<3reorge the Second, entitled An act for naturalizing foreign Protestants, &e.; 
and by another act passed in the twentieth year of the same reign, for nearly the 
same purposes, by both which it is enacted and ordained, " that all foreign Pro- 
testants, who had inhabited, and resided for the space of seven years, or more, in 
any of His Majesty's colonies, in America," might, on the conditions therein men- 
tioned, be naturalized, and thereupon should "be deemed, adjudged and taken to 
be His Majesty's natural born subjects of the kingdom of Great Britain, to all in- 
tents, constructions and purposes, as if they, and every one of them, had been, or 
were born within the same." 

Xo reasonable man will here suppose the Parliament intended by these acts to 
put foreigners, who had been in the colonies only seven years, in a better condition 
than those who had been born in them, or had removed from Britain thither, but only 
to put these foreigners on an equality Avith them ; and to do this, they are obliged 
to give them all the rights of natural born subjects of Great Britain. 

From Avhat hath been shown, it will appear beyond a doubt, that the British sub- 
jects iu America, have equal rights with those in Britain ; that they do not hold 
those rights as a privilege granted them, nor enjoy them as a grace and favor be- 
stowed ; but possess them as an inherent indefeasible right ; as they, and their an- 
cestors, were free-born subjects, justly and naturally entitled to all the rights and 
advantages of the British constitution. 

And the British legislative and executive powers have considered the colonies as 
possessed of these rights, and have always heretofore, in the most tender and paren- 
tal manner, treated them as their dependent, though free, condition required. The 
protection promised on the part of the crown, with cheerfulness and great grati- 
tude we acknowledge, hath at all times been given to the colonies. The depend- 
ence of the colonies to Great Britain, hath been fully testified by a constant and 
ready obdience to all the commands of His present Majesty, and his royal prede- 
cessors ; both men and money having been raised in them at all times when called 
for, with as much alacrity and iu as large proportions as hath been done in Great 
Britain, the ability of each considered. 

It must also be confessed with thankfulness, that the first adventurers and their 
successors, for one hundred and thirty years, have fully enjoyed all the freedoms 
and immunities promised on their first removal from England. But here the scene 
seems to be unhappily changing. 

The British ministry^ whether induced by a jealousy of the colonies, by false in- 
formations, or by some alteration in the system of political government, we have no 
information ; whatever hath been the motive, this we are sure of, the Parliament 
in their last session, passed an act, limiting, restricting and burdening the trade of 
these colonies, much more than had ever been done before ; as also for greatly en- 
larging the power and jurisdiction of the courts of admiralty in the colonies 5 and 
also came to a resolution, that It might be necessary to establish stamp duties, and 
other internal taxes, to be collected within them. This act and this resolution, 



420 



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764. 



have caused great uneasiness and consternation among the British subjects on the 
continent of America; how much reason there is for it, we will endeavor, in the 
most modest and plain manner we can, to lay before our readers. 

In the first place, let it be considered, that although each of the colonies hath a 
legislature within itself, to take care of its interests, and provide for its peace and 
internal government ; yet there are many things of a more general nature, quite 
out of the reach of these particular legislatures, which it is necessary should be reg- 
ulated, ordered and governed. One of this kind is, the commerce of the whole 
British empire, taken collectively, and that of each kingdom and colony in it, as it 
makes a part of that whole. Indeed, every thing that concei-ns the proper interest 
and fit government of the whole commonwealth, of keeping the peace, and subor- 
dination of all the parts towards the whole, and one among another, must be con- 
sidered in this light. Amongst these general concerns, perhaps, money and paper 
credit, those grand instruments of all commerce, will be found also to have a place. 
These, with all other matters of a general nature, it is absolutely necessary should 
have a general power to direct them ; some supreme and over ruling authority, 
with power to make laws, and form regulations for the good of all, and to compel 
their execution and observation. It being necessary some such general power 
should exist somewhere, every man of the least knowledge of the British constitu- 
tion, will be naturally led to look for, and find it in the Parliament of Great Brit- 
ain; that grand, and august legislative body, must, from the nature of their au- 
thority, and the necessity of the thing, be justly vested with this power. Hence, 
it becomes the indispensable duty of every good and loyal subject, cheerfully to 
obey and patiently submit to all the acts, laws, orders and regulations that may be 
made and passed by Parliament, for directing and governing all these general 
matters. 

Here it may be urged by many, and indeed, with great appearance of reason, 
that the equityj justice, and beneficence of the British constitution, will require, 
that the separate kingdoms and distant colonies, who are to obey and be governed 
by these general laws and regulations,, ought to be represented, some way or other, 
in Parliament ; at least whilst these general matters are under consideration. 
Whether the colonies will ever be admitted to have representatives in Parliament, 
— whether it be consistent with their distant and dependent state, — and whether if it 
were admitted, it would be to their advantage, — are questions we will pass by ; 
and observe, that these colonies ought in justice, and for the very evident good of 
the Avhole commonwealth, to have notice of every new measure about to be pur- 
sued, and new act that is about to be passed, by which their rights, liberties, or in- 
terests will be affected ; they ought to have such notice, that they may appear and 
be heard by their agents, by council, or written- representation, or by some other 
equitable and effectual way. 

The colonies are at so great a distance from England, that the members of Parliament 
can generally have but little knowledge of their business, conftections and interest, but 
what is gained from people who have been there ; the most of these, have so slight 
a knowledge themselves, that the informations they can give, are very little to be 
depended on, though they may pretend to determine with confidence, on matters 
far above their reach. All such kind of informations are too uncertain to be de- 
pended on, in the transacting business of so much consequence, and in which the 
interests of two millions of free people are so deeply concerned. There is no kind 
of inconvonIenr:y, or mischief, can arise from the colonies having such notice, and 



1764.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 421 



being heard in the manner abovementioned ; but, on the contrary, very great mis- 
chiefs have ah-eady happened to the colonies, and always must be expected, if they 
are not heard, before things of such importance are determined concernino' them. 

Had the colonies been fully heard, before the late act had been passed, no rea- 
sonable man can suppose it ever would have passed at all, in the manner it now 
stands; for what good reason can possibly be given for making a law to cramp the 
trade and ruin the interests of many of the colonies, and at the same time, lessen in 
a prodigious manner the consumption of the British manufactures in them ? These 
are certainly the effects this act must produce ; a duty of three pence per o-allon 
on foreign molasses, is well knowia to every man in the least acquainted with it, to 
be much higher than that article can possibl}' bear ; and therefore must operate as 
an absolute prohibition. This will put a total stop to our exportation of lumber, hors - 
es, flour and fish, to the French and Dutcli sugar colonies ; and if any one supposes 
we may find a sufficient vent for these articles in the English islands in the West 
Indies, he only verifies what was just now observed, that he wants truer informa- 
tion. Putting an end to the importation of foreign molasses, at the same time puts 
an end to all the costly distilleries in these colonies, and to the rum trade to the 
coast of Africa, and throws it into the hands of the French. With the loss of the 
foreign molasses trade, the codfishery of the English, in America, must also be 
lost, and thrown also into the hands of the French. That this is the real state of 
the whole business, is not fancy ; this, nor any part of it, is not exaggeration, but a 
sober and melancholy truth. 

View this duty of three pence per gallon, on foreign molasses, not in the lio-ht of 
a prohibition, but supposing the trade to continue, and the duty to be paid. Here- 
tofore, there hath been imported into the colony of Rhode Island only, about one 
million one hundred and fifty thousand gallons, annually ; the duty on this quan- 
tity, is £14,375, sterling, to be paid yearly, by this httle colony; a larger sum 
than was ever in it at any one time. This money is to be sent away, and never 
to return ; yet the payment is to be repeated every year. Can this possibly be 
done ? Can a new colony, compelled by necessity to purchase all its clothing, fur- 
niture and utensils from England, to support the expenses of its own internal gov- 
ernment, obliged by its duty to comply with every call from the crown to raise 
money on emergencies ; after all this, can every man in it pay twenty-four shiUino-s 
sterling, a year, for the duties of a single article, only '? There is, surely, no man 
in his right mind, believes this possible. The charging foreign molasses with this 
high duty, will not affect all the colonies equally, nor any other near so much as 
this of Rhode Island, whose trade depended much more on foreign molasses, and on 
distilleries, than that of any others ; this must show, that raising money for the gen- 
eral service of the crown, or of the colonies, by such a duty, will be extremely un- 
equal, and therefore unjust. 

And now, taking either alternative ; by supposing on one hand, the foreign mo- 
lasses trade is stopped, and with it the opportunity or abilit3' of the colonies to get 
money ; or on the other, that this trade is continued, and that the colonies get 
money by it, but all their money is taken from them by paying the duty ; can 
Britain be gainer by either ? Is it not the chiefest Interest of Britain, to dispose of 
and to be paid for her own manufactures ? And doth she not find the greatest and 
best market for them in her own colonies ? Will she find an advantage in disa- 
bling the colonies to continue their trade with her ? Or can she possibly grow 
rich, by their being made poor ? 



422 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764 

IVIinistt'i-s have great influence, and Parliaments have great power ;— can either 
of them change the nature of things, stop all our means of getting money, and yet 
expect us to purchase and pay for British manufactures ? The genius of the peo- 
ple in these colonies, is as little turned to manufacturing goods for their own use, 
as is possible to suppose in any people -whatsoever ; yet necessity will compel them 
to go naked, in this cold country, or to make themselves some sort of clothing, if it 
be only of the skins of beasts. 

By the same act of Parliament, the exportation of all kinds of timber, or lumber, 
the most natural produce of these new colonies, is greatly encumbered and use- 
lessly embarrassed, and the shipping it to any part of Europe, except Great 
Britain, prohibited. This must greatly affect the linen manufactory in Ireland, as 
that kingdom used to receive great quantities of flax seed from America, many car- 
goes, being made of that and of barrel staves, were sent thither every year; but, as 
the staves can no longer be exported thither, the ships carrying only flax seed 
casks, without the staves, which used to be intermixed among them, must lose one 
half of their freight, which Avill prevent their continuing this trade, to the great in- 
jury of Ireland, and of the plantations. And what advantage is to accrue to Great 
Britain, by it, must be told by those who can perceive the utility of this measure. 

Enlarging the power and jurisdiction of the courts of vice admiralty in the colo- 
nies, is another part of the same act, greatly and justly complained of. Courts of 
admiralty have long been established in most of the colonies, whose authority were 
circumscribed within moderate territorial jurisdictions ; and these courts have al- 
wavs done the business necessary to be brought before such courts for trial, in the 
manner it ought to be done, and in a way only moderately expensive to the sub- 
jects ; and if seizures were made, or informations exhibited, without reason, or con- 
trary to law, the informer, or seizor, was left to the justice of the common law, 
there to pay for his folly, or suffer for his temerity. 

But now, this course is quite altered ; and a custom house may make a seizure in 
Georgia, of goods ever so legally imported, and carry the trial to Halifax, at fifteen 
hundred miles distance ; and thither the owner must follow him to defend his 
property ; and when he comes there, quite beyond the circle of his friends, ac- 
quaintance and correspondents, among total strangers, he must there give bond, 
and must find sureties to be bound with him in a large sum, before he shall be ad- 
mitted to claim his own goods ; when this is complied with, he hath a trial, and his 
goods aquitted. If the judge can be prevailed on, (which it is very well known 
may too easily be done.) to certify there was onhj probable cause for making the 
seizure, the unhappy owner shall not maintain any action against the illegal seizor, 
for damages, or obtain any other satisfaction ; but he may return to Georgia quite 
ruined, and undone. In conformity to an act of Parliament. 

Such unbounded encouragement and protection given to informers, must call to 
every one's remembrance Tacltus's account of the miserable condition of the Ro- 
mans, in the rewn of Tiberius, their emperor, who let loose and encouraged the in- 
formers of that af^e. Surely, if the colonies had been fully heard, before tliis had 
been done, the liberties and properties of the Americans would not have been so 
much disregarded. 

The resolution of the House of Commons, come into during the same session of 
Parliament, asserting their rights to establish stamp duties, and internal taxes, to 
be collected in the colonies without their own consent, hath much more, and for 
much more reason, alarmed the British subjects in America, than any thing that 



1764.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PL.INTATIONS. 423 



had ever been done before. These resokitlons, carried Into cxecntion, the colonies 
cannot help but consider as a manifest violation of their just and long enjoyed rights. 
For It must be confessed by all men, that they who are taxed at pleasure by others, 
cannot possibly have any property, can have nothing to be called their own; they 
who have no property, can have no freedom, but are indeed reduced to the most 
abject slavery ; are in a condition far worse than countries conquei-ed and made 
tributary ; for these have only a fixed sum to pay, which they are left to raise 
among themselves, In the Avay that they may think most equal and easy ; and hav- 
ing paid the stipulated sum, the debt is discharged, and what Is left is their own. 
This Is much more tolerable than to be taxed at the mere will of others, without 
any bounds, without any stipulation and agreement, contrary to their consent, and 
against their will. 

If we are told that those who lay these taxes upon the colonies, are men of the 
highest character for their wisdom, justice and integrity, and therefore cannot be 
supposed to deal hardly, unjustly, or unequally by any ; admitting, and really be- 
lieving that all this is true, it will make no alteration in the nature of the case ; for 
one who is bound to obey the will of another, is as really a slave, though he may 
have a good master, as if he had a bad one ; and this Is stronger in politic bodies 
than in natural ones, as the former have perpetual succession, and remain the 
same ; and although they may have a very good master at one time, they may 
have a verj^ bad one at another. x\nd Indeed, if the people in America, are to be 
taxed by the representatives of the people In Britain, their malady Is an Increasing 
evil, that must always grow greater by time. 

Whatever burdens are laid upon the Americans, will be so much taken off the 
Britons ; and the doing this, will soon be extremely popular ; and those who put 
up to be members of the House of Commons, must obtain the votes of the people, 
by promising to take more and more of the taxes off them, by putting it on the 
Americans. This must assuredly be the case, and It will not be in the power even 
of the Parliament to prevent it ; the people's private Interest will be concerned, 
and will govern them ; they will have such, and only such representatives as will 
act agreeably to this their interest ; and these taxes laid on Americans, will be al- 
ways a part of the supply bill, in which the other branches of the legislature can 
make no alteration ; and in truth, the subjects in the colonies will be taxed at the 
will and pleasure of their fellow subjects in Britain. — How equitable, and how just 
this may be, must be left to every impartial man to determine. 

But it will be said, that the monies drawn from the colonies by duties, and by 
taxes, will be laid up and set apart to be used for their future defence. 

This will not at all alleviate the hardship, but serves only more strongh' to mark 
the servile state of the people. Free people have ever thought, and always will 
think, that the money necessary for their defence, lies safest in their own hands, 
until it be wanted immediately for that purpose. To take the money of the 
Americans, which they want continually to use in their trade, and lay it up for their 
defence, at a thousand leagues distance from them, when the enemies they have to 
fear, are in their own neighborhood, hath not the greatest probability of friend- 
ship or of piulence. 

It is not the judgment of free people only, that money for defending them, is 
safest In their own keeping, but it hath also been the opinion of the best and wisest 
kings and governors of mankind, in every age of the world, that the wealth of a 
state was most securely as well as most profitably deposited In the hands of their 



424 RECORDS OF TPIE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764. 

faithful subjects. Constantius, emperor of the Romans, though an absolute prince, 
both practised and praised this method. " Dioclesian sent persons on purpose to 
reproach him with his neglect of the public, and the poverty to which he was re- 
duced by his own fault. Constantius heard these reproaches with patience ; and 
having persuaded those who made them in DIoclesIans name, to stay a few days 
with him, he sent word to the most wealthy persons In the provinces, that he 
wanted money, and that they had now an opportunity of showing whether or no 
they truly loved their prince. Upon this notice, every one strove who should 
be foremost in carrying to the exchequer all their gold, silver and valuable 
eifects ; so that In a short time Constantius, from being the poorest, became by far 
the most wealthy of all the four princes. He then Invited the deputies of Diocle- 
sian to visit his treasury, desiring them to make a faithful report to their master, of 
the state in which they should find it. They obeyed ; and, while they stood gazing 
on the mighty heaps of gold and silver, Constantius told them, that the wealth 
which they beheld with astonishment, had long since belonged to him ; but that he 
had left it, by way of deposltum, In the hands of his peojile ; adding, the richest 
and surest treasure of the prince was the love of his subjects. The de^Dutles wei'e 
no sooner gone, than the generous prince sent for those who had assisted him in his 
exigency, commended their zeal, and returned to every one what they had so 
readily brought into his treasury." — Universal Hist., Vol. XV., j]. 023. 

"We are not insensible, that when liberty is in danger, the liberty of complaining 
is dangerous ; yet, a man on a wreck was never denied the liberty of roaring as 
loud as he could, says Dean Swift. And we believe no good reason can be given, 
why the colonies should not modestly and soberly inquire, what right the Parlia- 
ment of Great Britain have to tax them. We know such inquiries, by a late let- 
ter writer, have been branded with the little e-p'vthat oi mushroom jioUcy ; and he 
insinuates, that for the colonies to pretend to claim any privileges, will draw down 
the resentment of the Parliament on them. — Is the defence of liberty become so 
contemptible, and pleading for just rights so dangerous ? Can the guardians of 
liberty be thus ludicrous ? Can the patrons of freedom be so jealous and so severe ? 
If the British House of Commons are rightfully possessed of a power to tax the colo- 
nies in America, this power must be vested in them in the British constitution, as 
they are one branch of the great legislative body of the nation ; as they are the 
representatives of all the people in Britain, they have, beyond doubt, all the power 
such a representation can possibly give ; yet, great as this power is, surely it ciinnot 
exceed that of their constituents. And can it possibly be shown that the people in 
Britain have a sovereign authority over their fellow subjects in America ? Yet such Is 
the authority that must be exercised in taking peoples' estates from them by taxes, or 
etherwise, without their consent. In all aids granted to the crown, by the Parlia- 
ment, It is said with the greatest propriety, " We freely give unto Your Majesty ;" for 
tliev give their own money, and the money of those who have entrusted them with 
a proper power for that purpose. But can they, with the same propriety, give away 
the money of the Americans, who have never given any such power V Before a 
thing can be justly given away, the giver must certainly have acquired a property 
in it; and have the people in Britain justly acquired such a property in the goods 
and estates of the people In these colonies, that they may give them away at 
jjleasure V 

In an imperial state, which consists of many separate governments, each of which 
hath peculiar privileges, and of whicli kind it is evident the empire of Great Britain 



1764.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 425 

is ; no single part, though greater than another part, is by that superiority entitled 
to make laws for, or to tax such lesser part ; but all laws, and all taxations, which 
bind the whole, must be made by the whole. This may be fully verified by the 
■empire of Germany, which consists of many states ; some powerful, and others 
weak ; yet the powerful never make laws to govern or to tax the little and weak 
ones ; neither is it done by the emperor, but only by the diet, consisting of the rep- 
resentatives of the whole body. Indeed, it must be absurd to suppose, that the 
common people of Great Britain have a sovereign and absolute authority over their 
fellow subjects in America, or even any sort of power whatsoever, over them ; but 
it will be stdl more absurd to suppose they can give a power to their representa- 
tives, which they have not themselves. If the House of Commons do not receive 
this authority from their constituents, it will be difficult to tell by what means they 
obtained it, except it be vested in them by mere superiority and power. 

Should it be urged, that the money expended by the mother country, for the de- 
fence and protection of America, and especially during the late war, must justly 
entitle her to some retaliation from the colonies ; and that the stamp duties and 
taxes, intended to be raised in them, are only designed for that equitable purpose ; 
if we are permitted to examine how far this may rightfully vest the Parliament 
with the power of taxing the colonies, we shall find this claim to have no sort of 
equitable foundation. In many of the colonies, especially those in New England^ 
who were planted, as is before observed, not at the charge of the crown or king- 
dom of England, but at the expense of the planters themselves ; and were not only 
planted, but also defended against the savages, and other enemies, in long and 
cruel wars, which continued for an hundred years, almost without intermission, 
solely at their own charge; and in the year 1746, when the Duke D'Anville came 
out from France, with the most .formidable French fleet that ever was in the 
American seas, enraged at these colonies for the loss of Louisbourg, the year be- 
fore, and with orders to make an attack on them ; even in this greatest exigence? 
these colonies were left to the protection of Heaven and their own efforts. 

These colonies having thus planted and defended themselves, and removed all 
enemies from their borders, were in hopes to enjoy peace, and recruit their state, 
much exhausted by these long struggles ; but they were soon called upon to raise 
men, and send out to the defence of other colonies, and to make conquests for the 
crown ; they dutifully obeyed the requisition, and with ardor entered into those ser- 
vices, and continued in them, until all encroachments were removed, and all Can- 
ada, and even the Havana, conquered. They most cheerfully complied with every 
call of the crown ; they rejoiced, yea, even exulted, in the prosperity and exalta- 
tion of the British empire. 

But these colonies, whose bounds were fixed, and whose borders were before 
cleared from enemies, by their own fortitude, and at their own expense, reaped no 
sort of advantage by these conquests ; they are not enlarged, have not gained a single 
acre of land, have no part in the Indian or interior trade ; the immense tracts of 
land subdued, and no less immense and profitable commerce acquired, all belong to 
Great Britain ; and not the least share or portion to these colonies, though thou- 
sands of their men have lost their lives, and millions of their money have been ex- 
pended in the purchase of them for great part of which we are yet in debt, and 
from which we shall not in many years be able to extricate ourselves. Hard will 
be the fate, yea, cruel the destiny, of these unhappy colonies, if the reward they 
are to receive for all tills, is the loss of their freedom ; better for them Canada still 

VOL. VI. 54 



426 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1764. 

remained French ; yea, far more eligible that it should remain so, than that the 
price of its reduction should be their slavery. 

If the colonies are not taxed by Parliament, are they therefore exempted from 
bearing their proper share in the necessary burdens of government ? This by no 
means follows. Do they not support a regular internal government in each colo- 
ny, as expensive to the people here, as the internal government of Britain is to the 
people there ? Have not the colonies here, at all times when called upon by the 
crown, raised money for the public service, done it as cheerfully as the ParHament 
have done on like occasions ? Is not this the most easy, the most natural, and 
most constitutional way of raising money in the colonies ? What occasion then to 
distrust the colonies ? what necessity to fell on an individious and unconstitutional 
method, to compel them to do what they have ever done freely ? Are not the peo- 
ple in the colonies as loyal and dutiful subjects as any age or nation ever pi'O- 
duced ? and are they not as useful to the kingdom, in this remote quarter of the 
world, as their fellow subjects are who dwell in Britain ? The Parliament, it is 
confessed, have power to regulate the trade of the whole empire ; and hath it not 
full power, by this means, to draw all the money and all the wealth of the colonies 
into the mother country, at pleasure ? What motive, after all this, can remain, to 
induce the Parliament to abridge the privileges, and lessen the rights of the most 
loyal and dutiful subjects ; subjects justly entitled to ample freedom, who have 
long enjoyed, and not abused or forfeited their liberties ; who have used them to 
their own advantage, in dutiful subserviency to the orders and interests of 
Great Britain V Why should the gentle current of tranquiUity, that has so long 
run with peace through all the British states, and flowed with joy and with happi- 
ness in all her countries, be at last obstructed, be turned out of its true course, into 
unusual and winding channels, by which many jof those states must be ruined ; but 
none of them can possibly be made more rich or more happy. 

Before we conclude, it may be necessary to take notice of the vast difference 
there is between the raising money in a country by duties, taxes or otherwise, and 
employing and laying out the money again in the same country ; and raising the 
like sums of money, by the Uke means, and sending it away quite out of the coun- 
try, where it is raised. Where the former of these is the case, although the sums 
raised may be very great, yet that country may support itself under them ; for as 
fast as the money is collected together, it is again scattered abroad, to be used in 
commerce and every kind of business ; and money is not made scarcer by this 
means, but rather the contrary, as this continual circulation must have a tendency 
to prevent, in some degree, its being hoarded. But where the latter method is 
pursued, the effect will be extremely different ; for here, as fast as the money can 
be collected, 'tis immediately sent out of the country, never to return but by a te- 
dious round of commerce, which at best, must take up much time ; here, all trade, 
and every kind of business depending on it, will grow dull, and must languish more 
and more, until it comes to a final stop at last. If the money raised in Great 
Britain in the three last years of the late war, and which exceeded £40,000,000, 
sterling, had been sent out of the kingdom, would not this have nearly ruined the 
trade of the nation in three years only ? Think, then, what must be the condition 
of these miserable colonies, when all the money proposed to be raised in them, by 
high duties on the importation of divers kinds of goods, by the post office, by stamp 
duties, and other taxes, is sent quite away, as fast as it can .be collected ; and this 
to be repeated continually, and last forever ! Is it possible for colonies under these 



1765.] AND PROVIDENCE TLANTATIONS. 427 

circumstances, to support themselves, to have any money, any trade, or other business, 
carried on in them ? Certainly it is not ; nor is there at present, or ever was, any 
country under heaven, that did, or possibly could, support itself under such burdens. 

We finally beg leave to assert, that the first planters of these colonies were pious 
Christians ; were faithful subjects ; who, with a fortitude and perseverance little 
known, and less considered, settled these wild countries, by God's goodness, and 
their own amazing labors ; thereby added a most valuable dependence to the 
crown of Great Britain ; were ever dutifully subservient to her Interests; so taught 
their children, that not one has been disaffected to this day ; but all have honestly 
obeyed every royal command, and cheerfully submitted to every constitutional law ; 
have as little inclination as they have ability, to throw oiF their dependency ; have 
carefully avoided every offensive measure, and every interdicted manufacture ; 
have risked their lives as they have been ordered, and furnished their money when 
it has been called for ; have never been troublesome or expensive to the mother 
country ; have kept due order, and supported a regular government ; have main- 
tained peace, and practiced Christianity ; and in all conditions, and in every rela- 
tion, have demeaned themselves as loyal, as dutiful, and as faithful subjects ought ; 
and that no kingdom or state hath, or ever had, colonies more quiet, more obedient, 
or more profitable, than these have ever been. 

May the same divine goodness, that guided the first planters, protected the set- 
tlements, inspired Kings to be gracious. Parliaments to be tender, ever preserve, 
ever support our present gracious King ; give great wisdom to his ministers, and 
much understanding to his Parliaments ; perpetuate the sovereignty of the British 
constitution, and the fihal dependency and happiness of all the colonies. 

P . 

Providence, in New England, November 30, 1764. 

Secretary Shmye to the Governor and Company of Rhode Island, 
v)ith accompanying docimients concerning certain disorderly pro- 
ceedings in Newport. 

At the Court at St. James's, 
the 19th day of March, 1765. 

Present, the King's Most Excellent Majesty in Council. 

Whereas, there was this day read at the board, a report from the Eight Honora- 
ble the Lords of the Committee of Council for Plantation Affairs, dated the 15th 
of this instant, upon considering several papers relative to the riotous behaviour of 
the inhabitants of Rhode Island, in opposition to Lieutenant Hill, commanding offi- 
cer of the schooner St. John, and acting as a custom house oflicer, to prevent 
smuggling, and carrying on an illicit trade in those parts ; — 

His Majesty taking the said report into consideration, is pleased, with the advice 
of his privy council, to approve of what was therein proposed, and doth hereby or- 
der, that copies of the said papers (which are hereunto annexed,) be transmitted to 
the Governor and Company of the colony of Rhode Island and Pro'vidence Planta- 
tions ; who are to return to His Majesty, at this board, with all possible despatch, 
an exact and punctual account of the whole proceeding, authenticated in the best 
manner, the nature of the case will admit of; together with the names and descrip- 



428 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1765. 

tions of the offenders, and wliat means were used at the time of the tumult, by the 
government and magistracy of that colony, for the suppression thereof, and the 
protection of His Majesty's vessels and their crews ; particularly, whether any 
thing, and what was done, by the government of the said colony, when the popu- 
lace possessed themselves of the battery, upon Goat Island ; and what measures 
have been since taken, to discover and bring to justice the offenders. 

AV. SHARPE. 

Extract of a letter from Rear Admiral Lord Colvill, to l\Ir. Stepens, dated at Hali- 
fax, the 26th of July, 1764. 

"In my letter of the 18th of June, I informed their lordships that I had de- 
spatched four of the armed vessels, to spread themselves in the principal harbors 
between Casco Bay and Cape Henlopen, in order to raise men. 

Lieutenant Hill, in the St. John, who went first upon this service, returned last 
night, with very little success ; the merchants having, to all appearance, entered 
into a combination to distress us, as far as they are able, and by threats and prom- 
ises, to prevent seamen from entering for those vessels. 

The behaviour of the people at Rhode Island, to Lieut. Hill, in an affair of his 
duty as a custom house officer, was so extremely insolent and unprecedented, that 
I think it my duty to lay before their lordships an account thereof, under his own 
hand ; at the same time, to observe, that from his conversation, I have reason to 
think there are many aggravating circumstances omitted in this account, which 
would appear upon strict inquiry into the affair." 

Remarks on board His Majesty's schooner, the St. John, in Newport harbor, Rhode 

Island. 

" On the 30th of June, being at Newport, in Rhode Island, I received informa- 
tion that a brig was unloading in a creek, near Howland's Ferry. I immediately 
weighed anchor, and went in quest of her. Upon my arrival there, I found the 
vessel had unloaded her cargo and sailed. 

I forthwith made seizure of the cargo, which consisted of ninety-thi-ee hogsheads 
of sugar; and at night sent the boat manned and armed, in pursuit of the brig, 
which was taken the next morning, at day bi-eak, and proved to be the Basto, of 
New York, , Wingate, master, from Monto Christo. 

I re-loaded the sugars on board her ; and the owner being apprehensive that I 
intended to carry her to Hahfax, had me arrested, and obliged me to find bail that 
she should be brought to Newport and tried there ; on the 4th July, the collector 
of the customs re-seized the brig and cargo, under a pretence that I was not pro- 
perly qualified ; although I imagined that I had taken all the necessary oaths at 
Halifax ; yet it seems the oath of office had been omitted. I immediately set out 
by land, for Boston, to consult the surveyor general, on this matter ; and in my ab- 
sence, the mob at Newport endeavored to destroy the King's vessel. The following 
is the account which I received of this affair, from my officers, upon my return. 

" On Monday, the 9th July, 17G4, at two o'clock in the afternoon, sent the boat, 
manned and armed, on shore, to bring off Tlios. IMoss, a deserter, who had left the 
vessel some days before, and was then on the wharf; a larger mob assembled and 
rescued him ; and seeing our people in great danger, we fired a swivel, unshotted, 
as signal for the boat to come on board. The mob took Mr. Dovle. the officer of the 



1765.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 429 

boat, prisoner, and wounded most of the boat's crew, with stones, which fell as 
thick as hail round and in the boat ; and they threatened to sacrifice Mr. Doyle, if 
the pilot was not immediately sent on shore, and delivered up to their mercy ; 
they even threatened to haul the schooner on shore, and burn her. 

At five, we sent the boat on board the Squirrel, to acquaint the commanding of- 
ficer of our situation. In the meantime, the mob filled a sloop full of men, and 
bore right down to board us ; but seeing us determined to defend the vessel, they 
thought proper to sheer off and go on shore again. 

At six, the boat returned from the Squirrel, with orders to get under way, and 
anchor close under her stern. The mob growing more and more tumultuous, we 
fired a swivel, and made a signal to the Squirrel, for assistance, and got under sail. 
As soon as the mob saw our design, they sent a sloop and two or three boats full 
of men, to the battery, on Goat Island, and began to fire on us, notwithstanding the 
lieutenant of the Squirrel went on shore and forbad the gunner to do any such 
thing. They even knocked him down ; and it was with much difficulty that he got 
from them ; they fired eight shot at us, one of which, went through our mainsail, 
whilst we were turning out. 

At eight, we anchored in ten fathom water, within half a cable's length of the 
Squirrel, and received one shot more from the battery, which went close under the 
Squirrel's stern. They threatened to sink us, if we did not immediately weigh and 
run into the harbor again ; but upon the Squirrel's getting a spring upon the cable 
and bringing her broad side to bear upon the battery, they left off. 

At eleven, next morning, they set Mr. Doyle at liberty. 

(A copy.) TIIOS. HILL." 

Extract of a letter from the Right Honorable Lord Colvill, Commander in Chief of 
His Majesty's ships and vessels in North America, to Mr. Stevens, dated on 
board His Majesty's ship, the Romney, 24th August, 17G4. 

" In my letter of the 26th July, I enclosed you the account which I received 
from Lieutenant Hill, commander in chief of the St. John schooner, of the treat- 
ment he met with from the people of Newport, in Rhode Island ; since which, I 
have had a letter from Captain Smith, of the Squirrel, relative to the same affair, 
an extract of which, I now enclose, together with his lieutenant's account of the 
transaction." 



Copy of an extract of a letter from Captain Smith, to Lord Colvill, dated Squirrel, 
Rhode Island, r2th July, 1764. 

" On Monday last, I was ashore, and on my return, received the enclosed ac- 
count, from my lieutenant, of a most insolent and ignorant abuse of 230wer in the 
government of this place, on which I immediately sent on shore for the gunner of 
the fort, to know his authority for firing on the King's colors. He pi'oduced an or- 
der for stopping that vessel, signed by two of the Council, the Deputy Governor 
being absent at that time. 

I, in company with my lieutenant, waited on the Governor and Council, to de- 
mand a proper acknowledgment of the insult they had committed, in order to in- 
form Your Lordship of it ; I found them a set of very ignorant council. 

They agreed that the gunner had acted by authority, and that they would an- 
swer for it, when they thought it necessary. 



430 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1765. 

It appears to mc, that they were guided by the mob, whose intentions were to 
murder the pilot, and destroy the vessel. I am very sorry they ceased firing before 
we had convinced them of their error. But I hope it will, by Your Lordship's 
representation, be the means of a change of government in this licentious re- 
public." 

The heutenant of the Squirrel's account of the above affair : 

" In the afternoon, as I was walking the deck, I saw a gun fired from the St. 
John ; soon after, her boat, with a petty officer, came on board, and told me that 
the mob had rescued the deserter, detained the master, and wounded all the boat's 
crew ; and that the gun fired, was for the boat to return on board ; that the people 
from the town hailed the schooner, and desired them to send the pilot on shore, or 
they would sacrifice the master, and had manned several boats to board them. I 
then ordered him to return on board, and to make a signal if they attempted any 
thino- further ; hkewise, to bring the schooner out, and anchor near us. 

Soon after, several gentlemen came on board, and said they came to represent 
the occasion of this disturbance, lest the officer of the schooner should have made a 
misrepresentation of the affair. They said there was a theft committed by three of 
the schooner's people : that they had one in possession, and wanted the other two, 
who were on board the schooner; that a peace officer had went off", and they had 
refused him admittance ; and they now imagined he would return with an armed 
force, to gain admittance. I told the gentlemen the offenders should be sent on 
shore. 

The signal was then made by the schooner, pursuant to my former directions ; I 
immediately sent a boat and a petty officer, to order her out of the harbor ; on 
which the gentlemen told me they would fire on her from the fort. I then told the 
officer, if they fired from the fort, to go on shore to the fort, and let them know it 
was my orders for her to move and anchor near us ; and that the men should be de- 
livered to justice ; and if he fired again, I should be obliged to return it. They 
still continued their fire. I then ordered a spring on our cable, and went ashore, 
to the fort, to let them know the conseque-nce of their behaviour. I found no other 
officer than the gunner, governed by a tumultuous mob, who said they had orders 
to fire, and they would fire. They used me with very great insolence, and 
knocked me down, and would have detained me. I then returned to the boat, or- 
dered the ship to prepare for action, and proceeded on board the schooner, and 
brouo-ht her to r^nchor near the ship ; they then ceased firing. 

I then went on shore, to demand justice of the Deputy Governor for the treat- 
ment I had received at the fort. He repUed I must pursue the law. I told him I 
Avould redress myself, if there were to be found, as he seemed not active to do me 
iustice. 1 then returned to take the people off" who had insulted me, but could not 
find them." 

The account from which the above is copied, appears to be in Captain Smith's 
hand-writing, but not signed by Lieut. Hugh Bachie, of the