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Full text of "Records of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, in New England"

UNIVERSITY 
OF PITTSBURGH 



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- Isla-wA. Colony) 

KECOEDS 

OF THE 

STATE OF RHODE ISLAND 

AND , 

PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS 

I N 

NEW ENGLAND. 




PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY, 



EDITED BY 



JOHN RUSSELL BARTLETT, 

SECRETARY OP STATE. 



VOL. VIII. 



1776 ™ 1779. 

PRO VIDENCE: 

COOKE, JACKSON & CO., PRINTERS TO THE STATE, 

1863. 



v.* 



PREFACE. 



The eighth volume of the Colonial Records embraces but 
a little more than three years of our history. It commences 
with the October session of the General Assembly, 1776, 
and closes with the year 1779. The editor was desirous to 
close the publication of the work with this volume ; but so 
voluminous are the proceedings of the General Assembly 
during the revolutionary period, that it has been found im- 
possible. In the year 1777, there were eleven sessions of 
the General Assembly ; in 1778 and 1779, seven each, so 
that the present volume contains the proceedings of a public 
nature of twenty-five sessions. The volume is also rich with 
the correspondence of the period, and includes letters of 
Washington, Greene, Sullivan and other generals of the 
revolution. J. R. B. 

Providence, January, 1863. 



RHODE ISLAND RECORDS. 



RHODE ISLAND RECORDS 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at /South Kingstown, on the 
last Monday of October, 1776. 

The Hon. Nicholas Cooke, Governor. 

The Hon. William Bradford, Deputy Governor. 

ASSISTANTS. 

John Collins, Esq., Peter Phillips, Esq., 

Simeon Potter, Esq., William Potter, Esq., 

John Jepson, Esq., Thomas Church, Esq. 
James Arnold, Jr., Esq., 



\ 



Netvport. 
Mr. John Wanton, 
Mr. John Turner, 
Col. George Sears, 
Gideon Wanton, Esq., 
Mr. Thomas Freebody, 
Col. Joseph Belcher. 

Providence. 
Mr. John Brown, 
Mr. John Smith, 
Theodore Foster, Esq. 



DEPUTIES. 

Wanvick. 
William Greene, Esq., 
Mr. Jacob Greene, 
Charles Holden, Jr., Esq., 
Mr. Thomas Holden. 

Westerly. 
Maj. Gen. Joshua Babcock, 
Col. Joseph Noyes. 

North Kingstotvn. 
John Northup, Esq., 
Maj. Sylvester Gardner. 



RECORDS OF THE STATE OE RHODE ISLAND 



[Odf, 



DEPUTIES. 



South Kingstown. 
Mr. Immanuel Case, 
Daniel Rodman, Esq, 

Edst Greenwich. 
Job Comstock, Esq., 
Benjamin Tillinghast, Esq. 

Jamestown. 
Capt. Samuel Can", 
Benjamin Underwood, Esq. 

Smithfield. 
Daniel Mo wry, Jr., Esq, 

Scituate. 
William West, Esq., 
Mr. Christopher Potter* 

Glocesta\ 
Richard Steere, Esq. 

Charlestown. 
Gideon Hoxsie, Esq., 
Joseph Stanton, Jr., Esq. 

West Greenwich-. 
Mr. Samuel Hopkins, Jr., 
Mr. John Kinyon. 

Coventry, 
Mr. Ephraim Westcoat, 
Mr. John Greene. 

Ezceta\ 
Col. George Pierce, 
Jeffrey Willcox, Esq. 

Middlctowih 
Col. George Irish, 
Mr. Nicholas East on. 



Bristol 
Col. Nathaniel Pearce. 

Little Compton. 
Mr. Perez Richmond, 
Mr. Nathaniel Church. 

Warren. 
Mr. Cromel Child, 
Col. Sylvester Child. 

Cumberland. 
Mr. Elisha Waterman, 

Richmond. 
Mr. Nathan Kinyon, 
Mr. Simeon Clarke, Ji\ 

Cranston. 
Mr. William Field, 
Mr. John King, Jr. 
Ilophinton. 
Mr. John Larkin, 
Thomas Wells, Esq, 

Johnston. 
Caleb Harris, Esq. 3 
Abraham Belknap, Esq. 

North Providence. 
Mn Joseph Olney, 
Mr. Benjamin SheppardsoH. 

Barringtoih 
Mr. Moses Tyler* 



The Hon. Metcalfe Bowler, Esq., speaker ; Josias Lyndon, 
Esq., clerk. 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 

Henry Ward, Esq., secretary. 

Henry Marchant, Esq., attorney general 

Joseph Clarke, Esq., general treasurer; 



JUSTICES OP THE SUPERIOR COURT. 

Metcalfe Bowler, Esq., chief; William Greene, Esq., seo 
oncl ; Shearjashub Bourn, Esq., third ; Jabez Bowen, Esq., 
fourth ; and Thomas Wells, Esq., fifth. 

JUSTICES OP THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS, POR NEWPORT COUNTY. 

George Hazard, Esq., chief; John Jepson, Esq., second ; 
John Barker, Esq., third ; Thomas Church, Esq., fourth ; and 
Benjamin Underwood, Esq., fifth. 

JUSTICES OF THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS*, FOR PROVIDENCE COUNTY. 

Thomas Greene, Esq., chief; Richard Steere, Esq., second ; 
Rufus Hopkins, Esq., third ; Jeremiah Whipple, Esq., fourth ; 
and Daniel Mowry, Jr., Esq., fifth. 

•JUSTICES OF THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS, FOR KINGS COUNTY. 

William Potter, Esq., chief; Sylvester Robinson, Esq., sec- 
ond ; John Northup, Esq., third ; Carder Hazard, Esq., fourth ; 
and Joseph Hoxsie, Esq., fifth. 

JUSTICES OF THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS, FOR BRISTOL COUNTY. 

Nathaniel Fales, Esq., chief; John Child, Esq., second; 
James Brown, Esq., third ; Joseph Reynolds, Esq., fourth ; 
and Josiah Humphreys, Esq., fifth. 

JUSTICES OF THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS, FOR KENT COUNTY, 

Philip Greene, Esq., chief; James Arnold, Jr., Esq., sec- 
ond ; Gideon Mumford, Esq., third ; John Low, Esq., fourth ; 
Benjamin Tillinghast, Esq., fifth. 



RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [OCT. 



SHERIFFS OF THE SEVERAL COUNTIES. 

Newport county. Bristol county. 

Jabez Champlin, Esq. Richard Smith, Esq. 

Providence county. Kent county. 

Paul Tew, Esq. Henry Rice, Esq. 

Kings county. 
Beriah Brown, Esq. 

JUDGE OF THE COURT OF ADMIRALTY. 

John Foster, Esq., judge of the court erected for the trial 
of maritime causes, in and throughout the state. 

FIELD OFFICERS FOR THE STATE'S BRIGADE, IN THE SEVERAL COUNTIES. 

Joshua Babcock, Esq., major general of the militia. 

Officers of the First Regiment. 

Newport county — George Irish, Esq., colonel ; Geurge 
Sears, Esq., lieutenant colonel ; Job Almy, 2d, Esq., major. 

Providence county — Jabez Bowem Esq., colonel ; Amos 
Atwell, Esq., lieutenant colonel ; Ebenezer Thompson, Esq., 
major. 

Kings county — Jos. Noyes, Esq., colonel ; Jesse Champlin, 
Esq., lieutenant colonel ; Jesse Maxson, Esq., major. 

Bristol county — Nath'l Martin, Esq., colonel ; Thos. Gray, 
Esq., lieutenant colonel ; Benjamin Bosworth, Esq., major. 

Kent county — John Waterman, Esq., colonel ; John Low, 
Esq., lieutenant colonel ; Thomas Tillinghast, Esq., major. 

Officers of the Second Reg intent. 

Newport county — John Cooke, Esq., colonel ; David Hil- 
yarcl, Esq., lieutenant colonel ; Pardon Gray, Esq., major. 

Providence county — Chad Brown, Esq., colonel ; Elisha 
Mowry, Jr., Esq., lieutenant colonel; John Fiske, Esq., major. 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 7 

Kings county — Robert Brown, Esq., colonel ; George 
Pierce, Esq. lieutenant colonel ; Charles Dyer, Esq., major. 

Kent county — Nathaniel Brown, Esq., colonel ; Archi- 
bald Kasson, Esq., lieutenant colonel ; Yelverton Waite, 
Esq., major. 

Officers of the Third Regiment. 

Providence county — William West, Esq., colonel ; John 
Colwell, Esq., lieutenant colonel; Joseph Knight, Esq., 
major. 

It is voted and resolved, that the butter now stored in 
Providence, in the hands of Capt. John Updike, James 
Black and Arthur Fenner, Jr., belonging to Samuel Star- 
buck, of Nantucket, be delivered to said Starbuck ; and that 
the town of Providence use their best endeavors to discover 
the perpetrators of the damages done to the said Starbuck's 
vessel, in order that they may be brought to justice. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Rouse J. Helme be, and 
hereby is, appointed to assist the secretary in drawing up 
the acts and orders of the General Assembly, for the press, 
and procure them to be printed ; and that he give his 
constant attendance, and perform the business as soon as 
possible. 

Whereas, the captains and subaltern officers, belonging to 
the brigade raised by this state preferred their petition to this 
Assembly, setting forth, that, animated with an ardent desire 
of serving the state of Rhode Island, they have actually been 
at considerable cost and expense, in raising soldiers to serve 
in defence of said state ; and although pecuniary views were 
not the leading motives which induced them to engage with 
such readiness and zeal, in the cause of American freedom, 
yet they humbly conceive themselves to be entitled to some 
compensation for their labor, cost and expense ; but so far 
from meeting with the deserved encouragement, they have 



8 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [OCT, 

not had the satisfaction of being paid according to the pro- 
vision made by the Most Honorable the Continental Con* 
gress ; which, since they have been put upon the Conti- 
nental establishment, and bear Continental commissions, they 
think themselves justly entitled to ; and more especially, as 
they are liable, whenever called upon, to march to the as- 
sistance of any of the United States ; and thereupon prayed 
this Assembly, that they might be entitled to, and receive 
the same pay and allowance as is made to officers of equal 
rank in the service of the United States : 

And this Assembly taking into consideration the subject 
matter in the said petition contained, and having maturely 
considered the same, — 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that the prayer of said 
petition be, and the same is hereby, granted. 

It is voted and resolved, that the act of Assembly made 
and passed at their session in October, A. D. 1775, allowing 
the inhabitants of Nantucket to purchase and ship any par- 
ticular articles of provision and necessaries from any town 
in this state, upon the conditions in said act mentioned, 
be, and the same is hereby, repealed, and rendered null 
and void, for the future. 

In Council, was read the return of Andrew Boyd, clerk 
of the company of Kentish Guards, choosing Christopher 
Greene, of Warwick, son of Nathaniel, second lieutenant of 
said company, in the room of Thomas Holden, who refused ; 
which being considered by the Council, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said choice be, and the 
same is hereby, approved. 

It is voted and resolved, that each and every member of 
the committee of safety be, and they are hereby, appointed 
and fully empowered, to employ, and fully empower, suita- 
ble persons to apprehehend all such persons as have already, 
or shall hereafter desert from the Rhode Island brigade, and 
to return all such deserters to the said brigade ; and that all 
such persons, as shall be employed, as aforesaid, are hereby 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. ( .) 

empowered to demand .and take sufficient aid to perform 
what they shall be employed to do, as aforesaid. 

That the said committee of safety pay and discharge all 
such charges as shall arise in the above mentioned affair. 

And that the said committee be likewise empowered to 
take up, and apprehend all deserters from the Continental 
troops, who shall come within this state. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that every captain 
of any private vessel of war, or trading vessel, within this 
state, who shall take on board and carry off any such de- 
serter, shall be subject to and pay a fine of £50, lawful 
money, to and for the use of this state, for each and every 
deserter he shall so carry off; to be recovered by bill, plaint 
or information, in any court of record, within this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that the captain of Fort Liberty 
be under the command of the commander-in-chief of the 
two regiments stationed upon Rhode Island. 

It is voted and resolved, that, of the two colonels who 
command the two new regiments lately raised and stationed 
on Rhode Island, he who has the eldest commission shall 
take the command. 

Whereas, Mr. Ichabod Potter preferred a petition to this 
Assembly, setting forth, that, in the year 1775, he enter- 
tained a large number of the troops belonging to this state, 
stationed on Rhode Island, by order of the commanding offi- 
cer, and charged ninepence per meal ; and that the commit- 
tee, who audited and adjusted the accounts, allowed him but 
sixpence per meal ; a sum by no means adequate ; and 
whereby he is greatly injured, and remains a sufferer, unless 
this Assembly will be pleased to make him the farther al- 
lowance whereof he hath been so deprived ; and the prem- 
ises being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the petitioner be allowed 
and paid threepence per meal, over and above what he has 
already received, for every meal he supplied to the soldiers 
of this state. 



10 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAXD [OCT. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Brown be, and he 
is hereby, appointed to inquire into the affair of the prizes, 
taken by the two row galleys in the harbor of Newport, and 
see that the government's part of the prizes be paid into the 
general treasury. 

And that this state give up their right to Capt. Grimes, of 
the galley Spitfire, and the crew thereof, in the three an- 
chors and cables by them taken up in the harbor of New- 
port, to be divided amongst them, agreeably to the rules 
provided in such cases ; and that they apply to Col. Daniel 
Tillinghast, for the same. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Smith be, and he 
is hereby, appointed to sell, at public vendue, all the effects 
of George Rome and Charles Dudley, in the possession of 
this state, and receive the money arising thereby, and pay 
the same into the general treasury ; excepting the screws 
and bars, and the effects in Mr. Nathan Miller's hands. 

It is voted and resolved, that Josias Lyndon, Esq., be, and 
he is hereby, appointed to sell, at public vendue, all the ef- 
fects of Charles Dudley, in the hands of Mr. Nathan Miller, 
and render an account thereof, to the next session of Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that two regiments be immedi- 
ately raised by this state, agreeably to the requisition of the 
Continental Congress. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, made 
choice of the following gentlemen as officers in the two bat- 
talions or regiments, to be raised by this state, agreeably to 
requisition of Congress : 

Officers chosen for the First Battalia]}. 

Field officers — James Mitchell Vamum, Esq., colonel ; 
Adam Comstock, Esq., lieutenant colonel ; Henry Sher- 
burne, Esq., major. 

Captains — Ebenezer Flagg, Silas Talbot, Thomas Cole, 
John Singer Dexter, Simeon Martin, Jonathan Wallen. 

First lieutenants — Joseph Arnold, William Belcher, Timo- 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 11 

thy Lock, Samuel Bissell, Wilson Rawson, William Potter, 
John Hand v, Thomas Noyes. 

Second lieutenants — Ichabod Prentice, John Chapman, 
John Remington. 

Ensigns — Zephaniah Brown. 

Staff officers — Quartermaster, Clarke Brown. 

Officers chosen for the Second Battalion. 

Field officers — Daniel Hitchcock, Esq., colonel ; Israel 
Angell, Esq., lieutenant colonel; Christopher Smith, Esq., 
major. 

Captains — Jeremiah Olney, Wm. Tew, Coggeshall Olney, 
Ephraim Bowen, William Bradford, Jr., John Carr, Abime- 
lech Riggs. 

First lieutenants — Stephen Olney, William Allen, William 
Littlefield, Gilbert Grant, Joseph Whitmarsh, Daniel Pearce, 
Amos Crandall, Micah Moulton. 

Second lieutenants — Thomas Hughes, Duty Jerrald. 

Ensigns — Ebenezer West, Holliman Potter, Thomas Wat- 
erman, Oliver Jenckes, Richard Hunniwell. 

Staff officers — Quartermaster, Cyprian Sterry. 

Both houses being still in a grand committee, chose the 
following officers, to wit : 

Commissioners, Surgeons, dec, chosen. 

Joseph Clarke, Esq., appointed commissioner of the loan 
office, for this state. 

Stephen Mumford, of East Greenwich, is appointed com- 
missary of prisoners of war, within this state, agreeably to 
requisition of Congress. 

Hon. William Bradford, Esq., Jonathan Arnold and Wm 
Bowen, physicians and surgeons, are appointed examiners of 
surgeons and surgeons' mates, for the army and navy. 

It is voted and resolved, that all those suspected persons, 
who by order of Assembly were removed from the town of 
Newport, into other towns in this state, have liberty to re- 



12 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [OCT. 

turn to their own homes, as soon as they please ; first pay- 
ing all the charges that have arisen from the time of their 
removal until their return ; except Christopher Hargill, who 
not being able to pay the charge at present, is to give his 
note therefor. 

Whereas. Messrs. Samuel Fowler and Gideon Wanton 
laid before this Assembly the following report and account, 
to wit: 

RepoH of the Committee relative to Damages, &c. 

Newport, October 24, 1776. 
We, the subscribers, being, by the Honorable General Assembly, appointed a com- 
mittee, at the last June session, to ascertain the damages that Joseph Crandall has 
sustained, by being kept out of his house, the same being improved by the government, 
have, agreeably to said appointment, viewed the premises ; and it is our opinion, that 
he ought to be allowed $20, yearly, for the time it shall be improved. 

SAMUEL FOWLER, 
GIDEON WANTON. 

Whereas, Mr. Jonathan Niles presented unto this Assembly 
an account, by him charged against the state, for the time, 
horse-hire and expenses of himself and aid, in taking up, 
conveying to Providence and committing to jail, Richard 
Beal, Thomas Vernon and John Nicoll, in consquence of 
their having broken their parole ; and the said account 
being duly examined, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
allowed ; and that the amount thereof, being £2, lawful 
money, be paid to the said Jonathan Niles, out of the gen- 
eral treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee of safety pro- 
vide clothing and other necessaries, for the two battalions to 
be immediately raised by this state ; that His Honor the 
Governor be requested to supply the said committee with 
cloth, out of the cargo of the prize ship lately brought into 
Providence, for the purpose, aforesaid ; and that the said 
committee take all the arms belonging to the state, and get 
them repaired in the several counties. 

It is voted and resolved, that the thanks of this Assembly 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 13 

be given to the Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Esq., for his good 
services, as a delegate for this state, in the Continental Con- 
gress ; and that he be requested to attend the business of 
Congress as soon as he can conveniently leave his family. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Caleb Harris be chosen 
inspector of gunpowder ; and that Messrs. Daniel Mowry, 
John Brown, Daniel Rodman, David Harris and Rouse J. 
Helme be, and they are hereby, appointed a committee, to 
prepare a bill to be passed into an act, regulating inspecting 
the powder, receiving the same, &c. 

And that they also prepare a bill, laying a penalty for 
count erfeitiiiff the bills or notes of the Continental loan 

o 

office. 

And also draught a letter to be sent to His Excellency 
General Washington, respecting the filling the offices of the 
two battalions to be immediately raised in this state. 

In Council was read the return of the names of the 
officers chosen for the company of Scituate Hunters, viz. : 

Joseph Kimball, captain; Gideon Cornell, first lieuten- 
ant ; Jonathan Smith, second lieutenant ; Bertram Rounds, 
ensign. 

Which being considered by the Council, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said officers be, and 
they are hereby, approved. 

It is voted and resolved, that the soldiers enlisted in Col. 
Cooke's regiment, be allowed wages and billeting, from the 
time of their enlistment ; and also the charges of marching 
to Newport. 

It is voted and resolved, that Stephen Wigneron be 
chosen surgeon and Jonathan Pierce armorer, of Col. John 
Cooke's regiment. 

It is voted and resolved, that the town of Newport pro- 
vide blankets for the soldiers raised by said town, as their 
part of Col. Cooke's regiment, in six days from the rising of 
this Assembly, or pay the fine, according to law. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. Joseph Stanton and 
John Northup deliver to the county of Providence the sur- 



14 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [OCT. 

plusage of salt in their hands ; the said comity of Provi- 
dence paying the charge of transportation. 

It is voted and resolved, that Samuel Chace, Esq., notary 
public for the county of Providence, be forthwith brought 
before this Assembly, to answer for his conduct in making 
protests as notary public, as aforesaid, against the captors 
of certain vessels and their cargoes, and the condemnation 
of the same, agreeably to the resolves of Congress and laws 
of this state. 

And it is further resolved, that the sheriff of the county 
of Kings county, or his lawful deputy, be, and he is hereby, 
directed to apprehend the said Samuel Chace, and to call on 
the secretary and receive of him the original act of Assem- 
bly, establishing a court for the trial of prize causes within 
this state, and a copy of the protests made before him, by 
any of the persons that have been captured, and brought 
into this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that the last Thursday of this 
instant, November, be observed as a day of public fasting 
and prayer ; and that all servile labor, recreation and sports 
of all kinds, be forbidden to be used within this state on 
said day ; and that His Honor the Governor be requested 
to issue a proclamation, accordingly. 

Whereas, the committee appointed to sign the last emis- 
sion of lawful money bills, presented unto this Assembly the 
following report and account, to wit : 

Report of the Committee, appointed by the General Assembly to sign 
the Lawful Money Bills of Credit. 

To the Honorable General Assembly of the state of Rhode Island and Providenee 
Plantations, to be holden at South Kingstown, on the last Monday in October, A. 
J). 1776. 

In pursuance of an act passed at the session held in September last, for emitting' the 
the sum of $66,670, we, the subscribers, have signed the bills ordered to be emitted* 
consisting of the following denominations, to wit : 

700 bills of thirty dollars each, is $21,000 

600 " "twenty " " 12,000 

667 " "ten " " 6,670 

600 " "eight " " 4,800 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. L5 

600 bills of seven dollars each, is £4,200 

600 " "six " " 3,G00 

GOO " "five " " 3,000 

GOO " " four " " 2,400 

GOO " " three " " 1,800 

GOO " "two " " 1,200 

2,000 " " one " " 2,000 

4,000 " "half " " 2,000 

4,000 " " one-quarter dollar each, is 2,000 

4,000 " "one-eighth " " 500 

8,000 " " one-sixteenth " " 500 

$GG,G70 
All which, we have delivered unto the general treasurer, and taken his receipt there, 
for. We have also registered the order and manner of signing the same, in the eighth 
book of the Public Records, in the secretary's office. 

We submit this report, and are Your Honors' most humble servants, 
JOHN G. WANTON, JAMES CONGDON, 3d, 

THOMAS GREENE, JOSEPH CLARKE, 

JOHN DEXTER, JONATHAN J. HASZARD. 

Whereas, James Smith, James Stable and Henry Barnes 
preferred their petition to this Assembly, setting forth that 
with the deepest concern they find themselves, after having 
been captured and brought into this state, unhappily con- 
sidered as enemies to the rights, liberties and privileges of 
America, and detained as prisoners ; that having neither in 
thought, word or deed, injured the cause of liberty, or joined, 
adopted or approved of, the present measures, they humbly 
conceive and pray that the wonted justice, mercy and hu- 
manity of this Assembly, will be extended to them, their 
fellow-captured captains, mates, passengers and apprentices, 
in permitting them to purchase, fit and victual a ship to pro- 
ceed to England, to their friends, families and connexions ; 
they giving their most sacred parole that they will not, di- 
rectly nor indirectly, aid, assist, counsel or advise, against 
this or any other of the United States of America ; which 
petition being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
granted ; that the petitioners have liberty of purchasing a 
suitable vessel, not exceeding the burthen of one hundred 
and fifty tons, for transporting themselves to Great Britain ; 
and to purchase* the necessary provisions and stores for the 



16 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [OCT. 

voyage, under the inspection of Messrs. John Jenckes, John 
Wanton and John Brown ; and to proceed to any part of this 
state, to purchase the same, under the inspection, aforesaid. 

And that two of the captains and five mates, who have 
last arrived within this state, be detained, to exchange for 
that number of masters and mates belonging to the United 
States of America, who are now prisoners on board the 
British ship of war the Syren, commanded by Capt. Tobias 
Furneaux. 

Whereas, Mr. John Waite exhibited unto this Assembly 
an account, by him charged against the state, for cutting 
and engraving two setts of escutcheons, for the backs and 
borders of the lawful money bills ordered to be printed ; and 
the said account being duly examined, — 

It is voted and resolved, that £7, lawful money, thereof, 
and no more, be allowed ; and that said sum be paid the said 
John Waite, out of the general treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that Metcalfe Bowler, Esq., be ap- 
pointed paymaster to the regiment under the command of 
Ccl. John Cooke ; and that, upon the several captains mak- 
ing out their pay-rolls, certified by the colonel, he pay the 
wages monthly. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be 
requested to exchange two of the captains and five mates, 
who were last brought into this state, and twenty-four sea- 
men, for the two captains, five mates and twenty-four 
seamen, proposed to be exchanged by Capt, Furneaux, of 
the Sj^ren British ship of war. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. John Sands, Edward 
Sands, Jr. and Simon Ray Littlefield, have liberty to bring 
any provisions, hides or other articles, from the island of 
Block Island, to any part of this state ; and to carry on said 
island, leather, cloth, or such other necessaries as they may 
stand in need of, for their own consumption ; and that God- 
frey Trim and John Rose, Jr., be employed by them as boat- 
men, in transporting said articles, to and from said island ; 
any law to the contrary hereof, in any wise, notwithstanding. 



1770] AND PBOTODENCI PLANTATIONS. 17 

It is voted and resolved, that Metcalfe Bowler, Esq., Dr. 
Stephen Wigneron and Thomas Church, Esq., be, and they 
are hereby, appointed a committee, to procure a suitable 
house, on Rhode Island, lor a hospital lor the troops sta- 
tioned on said island ; and that the sick in the house at 
present improved as a hospital, be immediately removed, 
and the said house he cleansed as soon as possible. 

Whereas, Mr. Thomas Hazard Potter presented unto this 
Assembly, an account by him charged against the state, for 
liis time, horse-hire and expenses, in carrying a letter from 
South Kingstown to Providence, to the Governor and Com- 
mittee appointed to act in the recess of the Assembly, re- 
specting Capt. Wallace's landing at Point Judith ; and the 
said account being duly examined, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
allowed ; and that the amount thereof, being £1 16s., lawful 
money, be paid unto the said Thomas Hazard Potter, out of 
the general treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that $20 be allowed by this state, 
as an additional bounty to each of the non-commissioned offi- 
cers and soldiers, who shall enlist to serve during the war. 

Whereas, Mr. Edward Brickwood preferred a petition to 
this Assembly, setting forth, that on his passage from Ber- 
muda to Antigua and London, in the brig Fanny, he was 
captured and brought into this port ; that he was bound to 
England to transact some particular business, and intended 
returning immediately to Bermuda or Antigua, where he 
hath an interest ; and that he is essentially suffering in his 
concerns, by the misfortune of being prevented attending 
thereto, as well as prosecuting his intended voyage to Great 
Britain ; and thereupon prayed this Assembly to grant him 
permission to return to his business, and prosecute his in- 
tended voyage to Great Britain, by way of France, Holland, 
Bermuda, or the West Indies, with his apparel, &c. ; and the 
premises being duly considered by this Assembly, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of said petition 
be, and the same is hereby, granted, 



18 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [OCT. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor, 
and Mr. John Jenckes, draw out of the general treasury, the 
sum of .£600, lawful money, towards fitting out a vessel, or- 
dered by this General Assembly, to fetch salt for the use of 
this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Cole and Jonathan Ar- 
nold, Esqs., be, and they are hereby, appointed a committee, 
to revise the act establishing a maritime court, for the trial 
of prize causes, within this state ; and that they make report 
of the same, to this Assembly, at the next session. 

Whereas, Richard Aylsworth, Stephen Spencer, Christo- 
pher Bentley and Abel Shearman, preferred a petition to 
this Assembly, setting forth, that on the 14th day of Febru- 
ary last past, they were captured on board the sloop Dolphin, 
in the service of this state, by the Portland man of war, and 
carried to Antigua ; from whence they obtained a passage 
to Nova Scotia, and from thence home to East Greenwich ; 
which was attended with great cost and charges, which they 
have been obliged, since their return, to re-pay by their 
daily labor, and whereby their families are deprived of their 
necessary support ; and thereupon besought this Assembly 
to commiserate their distressed situation, and order their 
wages and expenses to be paid them. 

[The total amount allowed, was £55 19,9. 7d.~\ 

An Act for the inspection of gunpowder, manufactured 
within this state. 
Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof, it is enacted, that if any person or persons, 
within this state, shall vend or expose to sale any gunpow- 
der, manufactured within the same, unless said gunpowder 
be packed in a good dry cask, marked with the two first 
letters of the manufacturer's name, and hath been examined 
and approved by the inspector of gunpowder, for said state, 
and by him marked with the letters U. S. A., and such other 
marks as are necessary to distinguish the several sorts of gun- 
powder ; the person or persons so offending, shall forfeit and 



1770] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 19 

pay £G, lawful money, for every cask so exposed to sale ; to be 
recovered by bill, plaint or information, upon conviction be- 
fore any court of record within this state ; which forfeiture, 
shall one moiety thereof be given to the informer, and the 
other be paid into the general treasury of this state. 

And be it further enacted by the authority, aforesaid, that 
the said inspector be paid out of the general treasury nine- 
pence, lawful money, for every cask so marked and in- 
spected by him. 

An Act for punishing persons counterfeiting the bills or 

notes of either of the Continental loan offices, within the 

United States of America. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof, it is enacted, that if any person or persons 
within this state, shall counterfeit the bills or notes of either 
of the Continental loan offices, within the United States of 
America, or utter or pass the same, knowing them to be 
such, and be thereof duly convicted, shall suffer the pains of 
death. 

It is voted and resolved, that the Hon. William Bradford, 
Esq., be, and he is hereby, chosen a delegate to represent 
this state in the Continental Congress. 

It is voted and resolved, that the lot on which the old 
court house, in the county of Kings county, stands, and the 
said house, be sold by the sheriff of said county, at public 
vendue, to the highest bidder, on the 2d day of November 
next, at two o'clock, in the afternoon ; and that the general 
treasurer give a warranty deed of the same, to the purchaser, 
in behalf of this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that Jesse Burdick be appointed 
captain; Weight Burdick, lieutenant ; and Phineas Maxson, 
ensign, of the third company of militia, in the town of Hop- 
kinton. 

It is voted and resolved, that the report of the committee 
who were appointed to estimate the damages done by the 
soldiers, to the house of Capt. Joshua Ingraham, be ac- 



20 RECORDS OE THE STATE OF RHODE ISLA&0 OcT, 

cepted ; and that the further sum of £8 2s., lawful money, 
be allowed, and paid out of the general treasury, to the said 
Joshua Ingraham. 

Whereas, the commissions for private tessels of war, and 
letters of marque, sent by Congress, for the use of the in- 
habitants of this state, are all made use of; and commis- 
sions will be wanted for private vessels of war, and letters of 
marque, now fitting out from this state, before they can be 
procured from Congress ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that His Honor the 
Governor be requested to grant commissions to any vessels 
fitted out, as aforesaid, until commissions can be procured 
from Congress ; and that instructions be given, and bond 
taken in the secretary's office, agreeably to the resolutions 
of the Honorable the Continental Congress- 
It is voted and resolved, that Mr, Jonathan Haszard be, 
and he is hereby, appointed paymaster to the first battalion, 
and that Charles Holden, Esq., be paymaster to the second 
battalion, ordered to be raised by this Assembly, to serve 
during the war. 

It is voted and resolved, that each of the paymasters be 
furnished by the general treasurer of this state, with 
$10,000, to pay the bounty allowed by this state, to the 
troops that shall enlist to serve during the war ; and that 
they, each of them, give bond, with sufficient sureties, to the 
general treasurer, in the sum of $20,000. 

If is voted and resolved, that the several committees of 
safety lie, and they are hereby, empowered to enlist men in 
their respective counties in this state, to serve during the 
Avar; and that they pay them the bounty allowed by Con- 
gress and this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that a committee be appointed 
to inquire into the state of all guns which are claimed by 
soldiers, and who have received no pay for the same, which 
are now in use in the army, or have been detained from 
them, and make report to this Assembly, at the next ses- 
sion ; and that Peter Phillips, Esq., with the former commit- 



L776] A.\'D PROVIDENCE PLASTATIOKS, 2i 

tee of Safety, be, and they are hereby, appointed a committee 
for that purpose ; and that they advertise in the public 
newspapers, in this state, the time and place of meeting' 
they shall appoint lor that purpose. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Jonathan Haszard and 
Charles Ilolden, Esq., be, and they are hereby, appointed to 
proceed, with the greatest despatch, to His Excellency 
General Washington, with a letter to him from this state, 
and the commissions for the officers appointed by this As- 
sembly ; and that they perform the same without any ex- 
pense to the state. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Deputy Gov- 
ernor, Messrs. John Collins, John Brown, Job Comstock and 
Daniel Rodman, be, and they are hereby, appointed a com- 
mittee, to take into consideration the circumstances of the 
several towns in this state, and make report to this As- 
sembly at the next session, how much the proportion each 
town, under the present state of affairs, ought in justice to 
differ from the proportion of the last estimate., either in the 
increase of the ratables or diminution thereof, in case a tax 
should be then voted. 

It is voted and resolved, that the form of the enlistment 
for the soldiers in the two battalions now ordered to be 
raised, be as follows, viz. ; 

Form of Enlistment for the Soldieri, 

" I, the subscriber, hereby solemnly engage and enlist my- 
self, as a soldier, in the battalions of the state of Rhode 
Island, &c«, in the service of the United States of America, 
and in the pay of the said United States, from the day of my 
enlistment, for and during the present war with Great 
Britain, unless sooner discharged by the General Congress 
of said United States ; and I hereby promise to submit my- 
self to all the orders and regulations of the army of the 
United States of America ; and faithfully to observe and 



22 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [OcT. 

obey all such orders, as I shall receive, from time to time, 
from my officers." 

It is voted and resolved, that the bounty on saltpetre be 
continued until the 1st day of May next, 

That Peter Turner be inspector of saltpetre for the county 
of Bristol; and that the inspectors, heretofore appointed, 
continue in their said offices, until further orders from this 
Assembly, 

It is voted and resolved, that the judge of the court 
erected for the trial of maritime causes, receive only £6, for 
the condemnation of any vessel or cargo, brought within 
this state ; any law to the contrary hereof, in any wise, not- 
withstanding. 

Resolved, that those town officers, within the several 
towns in this state, who have neglected to subscribe the 
test, as by a law of this state heretofore provided, be, and 
they are hereby, disqualified from serving in their respec- 
tive offices in future ; and that the several towns within this 
state be, and they are hereby, empowered and enjoined to 
call town meetings, as soon as may be, for the purpose of 
electing persons to such offices as are become vacant by the 
aforesaid disqualification. 

And it is further resolved, that this resolve be printed, as 
soon as may be, in the Newport Mercury and Providence 
Gazette. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor, the 
Deputy Governor, and members of the General Councilor any 
five of them, together with the deputies belonging to the re- 
spective towns in this state, or any six of them, be, and they 
are hereby, appointed a committee, to act and transact all such 
business as the exigency of public affairs, during the recess 
of the Assembly may require ; and to advise His Honor 
therein ; and that all orders by them made and issued, and 
all other their transactions, be laid before this Assembly at 
the next session. 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 23 

It is voted and resolved, that the draught of a letter to 
His Excellency General Washington, laid before this Assem- 
bly, by the committee appointed for that purpose, he, and 
the same is hereby, approved ; and that a fair copy be made 
and signed by His Honor the Governor, and forwarded to 
His Excellency, by Messrs. Hazard and Holden. :|: 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor, 
John Cole and Jonathan Arnold, Esqs., be, and they are 
hereby, appointed a committee, to draught an act, regulate 
ing the loan office, within this state ; and that they imme- 
diately take bonds of Joseph Clarke, Esq., keeper of said 
office, in the sum of £20,000, with sufficient sureties, and 
lodge the same in the secretary's office ; and that the said 
Joseph immediately after his giving bond, as aforesaid, re- 
ceive any moneys that may be brought him into his office, 
agreeably to the resolves of Congress. 

Voted and resolved, that the following accounts be paid 
out of the general treasury : 

Bills to be Paul 

£ s. d. 

.Joseph Brown, for attendance upon the committee appointed to act in the 

recess of the General Assembly 7 00 00 

John Collins, for his expenses in going to, and returning from, Philadelphia, 

on public business 70 10 00 

Ilolderby Langford, for measuring a quantity of salt, delivered for the use of 

several towns in the state 18 03 

Jonathan Niles, for expenses in committing certain persons to jail who had 

broken their parole 2 00 00 

Mrs. Mary Dyer, for billeting six soldiers 3 00 00 

The committee who signed certain lawful money bills, emitted by the state. 50 00 00 

Beriah Brown, for expenses for warning the members of the General As- 
sembly to meet at several sessions of the Assembly 43 05 00 

Thomas Hazard Potter, for expenses in carrying a letter from South Kings- 
town, to the Governor, &c 1 1G 00 

John Banister, for quartering soldiers, &c 21 00 00 

Daniel Mowry, Jr., for expenses in taking an account of inhabitants in the 

town of Smithfield 3 12 00 

James Tew, for boarding and prison fees of a number of prisoners of war. . . 15 04 08 

Caleb Boss, for expenses in carying several orders and resolutions of the gen- 
eral committee, to Col. Noyes, and to sundry towns in Kings county. ... 1 10 00 

John Carter, for printing and publishing sundry acts of Assembly, &c 29 16 00 

* See letter accompanying, November 6, 1776. 



24 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [OCT. 

Cromel Child for cash paid for towing a scow for the service of the state, 

from Rhode Island to Warren 1 10 10 

Tilley M, Olney, for expenses in warning Jonathan Randall, to attend the 

meeting of the General Assembly 12 00 

Richard Smith, for notifying the town clerks and colonel of militia, in the 

county of Bristol, &c; and for warning the members of the Assembly. 13 00 

Jeremiah Sheffield, for going express to Providence, &c 2 11 00 

Jonathan J. Haszard, for expenses in going to the Jerseys on public business, 17 19 00 

William Case Clarke, for expenses in going express to Jonathan Randall and 

John Sayles, Jr., Esqs., to attend the meeting of the General Assembly, 2 17 00 

James Teft. Jr., and Solomon Teft, for six days' attendance on the General 

Assembly 2 02 00 

Ebenezer Teft, for attendance on the General Assembly, and sundry services 

rendered 2 12 00 

Nathan Uowen, for his loss, on Prudence Island, by the enemy, of a scow, 

oars and plank 17 08 04 

Joshua Ingraham, for rent of house and stores occupied by troops in the ser- 
vice of the state 5 00 00 

James Tew, for the maintenance and prison fees of sundry prisoners of war, 10 18 03 

.Joseph Stanton, Jr., Esq., for expenses to, and from, New York, on public 

business 19 09 07 

'Thomas Freebody, for cash advanced, &c 2 03 00 

Joshua Babcock, for expenses to and from New York, on public business . . 21 00 0;! 

Jonathan J. Haszard, for expenses in taking an account of the number of in- 
habitants in the town of Charlestown 2 14 00 

Beriah Brown, for expenses in bringing Samuel Chace, Esq., before the Gen- 
eral Assembly 2 00 00 

William Potter, for cash advanced, and materials provided for building the 

court house in Kings county 231 09 0(5 

Charles Holden, Jr., for expenses in numbering the inhabitants of the town 

of Warwick 2 14 00 

Nathaniel Mumford, for expenses in taking an account of cannon, and for at- 
tendance on the General Assembly 13 00 08 

Jonathan Hazard, for the use of a room in his house, to the members of the 

upper house of the General Assembly 1 10 00 

Simeon Potter, for expenses in fitting sloop, furnishing cartridge-paper, 

&c, for the government 11 17 00 



God save the United States of Americ; 



1776.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 25 



Lieut. Adam Comstock to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Headquarters, Portsmouth, ( 

September 4th, 1776. 7 o'clock, P. M. S 
Sir — I understand the General Assembly has ordered Col. Lippitt's regiment to 
Long Island, and I have given the necessary preparatory orders to my detachment, ac- 
cordingly. But, sir, there arc many men in said regiment, that are very bare of clothes, 
having neither shoes nor stockings to wear; and I find much grumbling among them 
on the occasion. 

Now, sir, I would humbly recommend to Your Honor, and to the Honorable General 
Assembly's consideration, that the same number of troops ordered, might be detached 
from both regiments that are now well clothed and shod, and fit for said march, who I 
believe would go with a good resolution ; and if is afterwards found necessary, to send 
off the remainder. There would be time to equip them fit for such a march. 

I thought proper to communicate my sentiments on this matter, to Your Honor, to 
be laid before before the General Assembly, if Your Honor thinks fit. 

As to my own part, I am fully ready to march to any part of the continent, that 
shall be thought best for the public good ; and shall cheerfully observe and obey the 
former, or any other orders that the General Aseembly shall give. 

You will please to pardon my writing that which might come more properly from 
headquarters, at Newport, when you consider that I am much nearer Providence 
than they are, and sending there first, would tend to procastinatc and delay our march, 
I have the bonor to be, with unfeigned respect, 

Your Honor's most obedient, and most humble servant, 

ADAM COMSTOCK, Lieut, 
To the Hon. Nicholas Cooke, Esq., Governor 
and Commander-in-Chief of the state of 
Rhode Island. 

Jeremiah Powell, of Massachusetts, to the Governor of Rhode Island, 

Watertown, September 17th, 1776. 
Sir : — We have your letter of the 13th inst.,* and would now inform you, that in 
consequence of orders issued by this Court, some days since, the most vigorous exer- 
tions are now making to detach as large a proportion of the militia of this state as it's 
supposed can possibly be spared, to march to the aid of the army at New York, with 
the utmost expedition. 

Since the issuing these orders, we have been requested by the Honorable Congress 
to send one regiment of our militia to Rhode Island, to supply the place of one of the 
Continental regiments ordered from thence. Whereupon, that part of our militia to be 
raised in the counties of Plymouth and Barnstable, were destined to Rhode Island, and 
Major General Warren was commanded to give the necessary order therefor ; but as 
this regiment is to tako the charge of a number of whale-boats as far as Rhode Island, 
agreeably to Governor Trumbull's proposal, in a letter now come to hand, their arrival 
with you, may be in some measure delayed ; but you may be assured that every means 
will be used to get them there, as soon as possible. 

In the name, and in behalf of the General Assembly, 

I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient, humble servant, 

JEREMIAH POWELL, President. 
To the Hon. William Bradford, Esq. 

* This letter is found on page 6'22, Vol. V1L, Rhode Island Colonial Records, 
vol. vn i . 4 



26 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [OCT. 



Gen. Nathaniel Greene to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Camp at Harlem Heights, 17th Sept. 177i>. 

Sir : — I suppose you have heard of the retreat from Long Island, and the evacuation 
of New York. The retreats were both judicious and necessary, our numbers being 
very insufficient to hold such an extent of ground. His Excellency had proposed to 
evacuate the city and suburbs of "New York, some time before the enemy made their 
last landing: and had the quartermaster general been able to furnish the necessary 
wagons to remove the stores and baggage, the retreat would have been affected in good 
order, had the enemy delayed their landing twenty -four hours longer. 

Almost all the old standing regiment was drawn out of the city, in order to oppose 
the enemy at Hell Gate, where they made an appearance of a very large body of 
troops, and movements as if they intended a landing. 

We made a miserable, disorderly retreat from New York, owing to the disorderly 
conduct of the militia, who ran at the appearance of the enemy's advance guard. This 
was Gen. Fellows's brigade ; they struck a panic into the troops in the rear, and Fel- 
lows and Parsons's whole brigade ran away from about fifty men, and left His Excel- 
lency on the ground within eighty yards of the enemy ; so vexed at the infamous 
conduct of the troops, that he sought death rather than life. The retreat was on the 
14th of this instant, from New York ; most of the troops got off ; but Ave lost a pro- 
digious deal of baggage and stores. 

On the 15th, we had a skirmish at Harlem Heights. A party of about a thousand 
came and attacked our advance post ; they met with a very different kind of reception 
from what they did the day before. The fire continued about an hour, and the enemy 
retreated ; our people pursued them ; and by the spirited conduct of Gen. Putnam and 
Col. Head, the adjutant general, our people advanced upon the plain ground, without 
cover, and attacked them, and drove them back. His Excellency sent and ordered a 
timely retreat to our advance post ; for he discovered, or concluded the enemy would 
send a large reinforcement, as their main body lay near by. 

I was sick when the army retreated from Long Island ; which, by the by, was the 
best effected retreat, I ever read or heard of, considering the difficulty of the retreat. 
The army now remains quiet, but expect an attack every day. Col. Varnuni and Col. 
Hitchcock's regiments were in the last action, and behaved nobly ; but neither of the 
colonels was with them ; both being absent ; one sick, the other taking care of the sick. 
Time won't permit me to say much more, as I am wanted to go into the Jerseys. 

I had the honor of seeing and conversing with your committee. I think, and so 
does His Excellency, that the operations of the campaign have no effect upon you ; as 
it will be impossible for the enemy to detach any part of the army, while our army is 
able to make any stand. I would not evacuate one foot of ground ; as it will tend to 
encourage the enemy, and dispirit our people. I am sure the government is safe, and 
will remain so, unless the enemy can ruin this army. This is their grand object ; and 
every means will be exerted to effect it. They will not have opportunity and strength 
sufficient to molest you. I have not time to add one word more. 
1 am, with all due respect, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

X. GREENE. 

To Governor Cooke. 



1770.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 27 



The Governor of Rhode Island to General Washington. 

State of Rhode Island, &c, , 
Bristol, September 23d, 1 7 7 ♦ » . j 
Sir : — Having seen in the public papers that Your Excellency and the British ad- 
miral have agreed upon an exchange of prisoners in the naval department, I beg leave 
to apply to you in behalf of a mate of a vessel, and four seamen, all belonging to War- 
wick, in this state ; some of whom are connected with very respectable families. They 
were all taken in the merchant's service, and are prisoners on board one of the ships of 
war, now in the Sound. 

We have a mate of a merchant ship, and four seamen, who were taken in a trans- 
port, with part of one of the Highland regiments, to give for them. 

I request Your Excellency's directions, as soon as may be, whether we shall send 
the prisoners directly to you, or how shall I proceed to procure the exchange; which 
will very much oblige many worthy people here. 

I am, with great esteem and respect, 
Your Excellency's most obedient, and most humble servant, 

[WILLIAM BRADFORD, Dep. Gov.| 
To His Excellency General Washington. 



John Hancock, President of the Continental Congress, to the Gen- 
eral Assembly of Rhode Island. 

Philadelphia, September 24th, 1776. 

Gentlemen : — You will perceive by the enclosed resolves, which I have the honor to 
forward to you, in obedience to the commands of Congress, that they have come to a 
determination to augment our army, and to engage the troops to serve during the con- 
tinuance of the war. As an inducement to enlist on these terms, the Congress have 
agreed to give, besides a bounty of $20, a hundred acres of land to each soldier ; and 
in case he should tall in battle, they have resolved that his children or other represen- 
tatives, shall succeed to such land. 

The many ill consequences arising from a short and limited enlistment of troops, are 
too obvious to be mentioned. In general, give me leave to observe, that to make men 
well acquainted with the duties of a soldier, requires time ; and to bring them under 
proper subordination and discipline, not only requires time, but has always been a 
work of much difficulty. We have had frequent experience, that men of a few days 
standing, will not look forward ; but, as the time of their discharge approaches, grow 
careless of their arms, ammunition, &c, and impatient of all restraint. The conse- 
quence of which is, the latter part of the time for which the soldier was engaged, 
is spent in undoing, what the greatest pains had been taken to inculcate at first. Need 
I add to this, that the fall of the late General Montgomery, before Quebec, is un- 
doubtedly to be ascribed to the limited time for which the troops were engaged, whose 
impatience to return home, compelled him to make the attack, contrary to the convic- 
tions of his own judgment. 

This fact alone, furnishes a striking argument of the danger and impropriety of 
sending troops into the field, under any restriction as to the time of their enlistment. 
The noblest enterprize may be left unfinished by troops in such a predicament, or 
abandoned at the very moment success must have crowned the attempt. 

The heavy and enormous expense consequent upon calling forth the militia, the 
delay attending their motions, and the difficulty of keeping them in camp, render it 



28 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [OcT. 

extremely improper to place our whole dependence on them. Experience hath uni- 
formly convinced us of this ; some of the militia having actually deserted the camp at 
the very moment their services were most wanted. In the meantime, the strength of 
the British army which is great, is rendered much more formidable by the superior 
order and regularity which prevail in it. 

Under these circumstances, and in this situation of our affairs, it is evident that the 
only means left us of preserving our liberties, is the measure which the Congress have 
now adopted, and which I am ordered most earnestly to recommend to you to carry 
into immediate effect. 

Without a well disciplined army, we can never expect success against veteran 
troops ; and it is totally impossible we should ever have a well disciplined army, unless 
our troops are engaged to serve during the war. 

To attain, therefore, this most desirable end, I am to request you will at once, and with 
out a moment's delay, bend all your attention toraisc-your quota of the American army. 
The times call for the greatest dispatch and vigor of conduct. When the bloorly standard 
of tyranny is erected in a land of liberty, no good man, no friend of his country, can 
possibly remain an inactive spectator of her fall. Display therefore, I most ardently 
entreat you, that virtue which alone can save her on this occasion. Let us convince 
our enemies, that as we entered into the present contest to defend our liberties, so we 
are resolved, with the firmest reliance on Heaven for the justice of our cause, never to 
relinquish it, but rather to perish in the ruins of it. If we do but remain firm ; if we 
are undismayed at the little shocks of fortune, and are determined at all hazards, that 
we will be free, I am persuaded, under the gracious smiles of Providence, assisted by 
our own most strenuous endeavors, we shall finally succeed, agreeably to our wishes, 
and thereby establish the independence, the happiness, and the glory of the United 
States of America. 

As the troops now in service, belonging to the several states, will be considered as 
part Of their quota in the American army, you will please to take such steps as you 
judge necsssary, to ascertain what number of troops, as well as what officers, will en- 
gage to serve during the Avar. 

I send by this express blank commissions, to be filled with such as you shall please 
to appoint. I also forward a number of the rules and articles of war, as altered by 
Congress, and just published. 

I have the honor to be, gentlemen, 

Your most obedient and very humble servant. 

JOHN HANCOCK, President. 

To the Honorable the Assembly of the state of Rhode Island. 



Resolves of Congress, appointing a Committee to provide for the 
purchase of Blankets, Clothing, dr., for the Soldiers. 

In Congress, September 25th, 1776. 
Resolved, that a committee of Congress, consisting of one delegate from each state, 
be appointed with authority to employ proper persons to purchase in their respective 
states a sufficient number of blankets and woolens fit for soldiers' clothes ; and that they 
take the most effectual and speedy methods for getting such woolens made up and dis- 
tributed among the regular Continental army in such proportion as will best promote 
the public service ; and that they also purchase all other necessary clothing for the 
soldiers, in such proportion as they judge, upon the best information, will be wanted ; 
and that the said committee be authorized to draw on the president of Congress for the 
sums necessary to execute their business ; they to be accountable for the amount of 
their draughts and disbursements. 



1776.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 29 



The committee are Mr. Bartlett, Mr. Paine, Mr. Ellcry, Mr. Williams, Mr. Floyd 
Mr. Stockton, Mr. Ross, Mr. McKcan, Mr. Middleton, and Mr. Hall. 

October 10. Members added — Mr. Witherspoon, Mr. Stone and Mr. Penn. 

In Congress, September 25th, 177*5. 
Resolved, th.lt it be recommended to the General Assemblies and Conventions of 
the United States, to forward to headquarters the clothing, blankets and necessaries, 
which they may have provided in consequence of the resolution of Congress of the 
19th of June last, drawing on the president for the cost and conveyance thereof; in 
which it is hoped the utmost diligence and expedition will be used, that those who ex- 
pose themselves to dangers in defending and protecting their fellow citizens, may suffer 
as little as possible from inclement seasons. 

(Extract from the minutes.) CHAS. THOMSON, Sec'ry. 

General Washington to the Deputy Governor of Rhode Island. 

Headquarters, Heights of Harlem, , 
September 29th, 1776. f 

Sir: — I have been honored with your two favors of the 14th and 23d inst, and am to 
return you my thanks for the measures you have taken to forward the two Continental 
battalions from your state. 

In respect to the exchange of the persons you mention, I apprehend it cannot be 
executed, till a general one takes place. This I am trying to carry into execution 
as well in the naval as the land service ; and therefore must request the favor of 
your state to make out and transmit me a return as soon as possible, of all Conti- 
nental prisoners in their hands ; distinguishing the names and ranks of the commis. 
sioned and staff officers, and the corps to which they belong ; and the number of 
non-commissioned and privates, observing the same rule in regard to those in the sea 
service. 

It will be well to have the whole collected at one or two convenient places, in order 
that they may be sent forward as soon as the plan is properly digested, of which I shall 
advise you, as sOon as I obtain the return. 

I have written to the other eastern states upon the same subject ; and to me it ap* 
pears that the prisoners with you, had better join those in Connecticut, that they may 
come together. I would recommend your writing to Governor Trumbull, for informa- 
tion, where their prisoners are to be assembled, and for his sentiment in this instance. 
It also seems advisable they should come by water, rather than by land ; but of this, 
you will have due notice, as I mean to settle upon some regular mode with the admiral 
and General Howe, against the time I am furnished with the returns by the states. 
I have the honor to be, with great respect, sir, 

Your most obedient servant, 

G. WASHINGTON. 

To the Deputy Governor of Rhode Island. 



John Hancock, President of the Continental Congress, to the General 
Assembly of Rhode Island. 

Philadelphia, October 2, 177G. 
Gentlemen : — The many and just complaints of the insufficiency of the surgeons and 
their mates, to discharge their duty in a proper manner, has induced Congress to pass 
the enclosed resolves, recommending it to the several states to appoint some skillful 



30 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [OCT. 

physicians and examiners, without whose approbation, no surgeon or surgeon's mate 
shall receive a commission, either in the army or navy. 

The Congress being at present deeply engaged in matters of the utmost importance 
to the welfare of America, have judged it absolutely necessary that there should he a 
full representation of the several states, as soon as possible. For this end, I am to re- 
quest, in obedience to their commands, you will immediately take proper measures to 
comply with the enclosed resolve, in order that the United States may be fully repre- 
sented in Congress, and the sentiments of America be the better known, upon those in- 
teresting subjects that lie before them. I shall therefore only once more request your 
compliance with this requisition of Congress ; and have the honor to be, gentlemen, 
Your most obedient and very humble servant, 

JOHN HANCOCK, President. 

To the Hon. Assembly of Rhode Island. 

The Governor of Rhode Island to Gen. Greene. 

Providence, October 5th, 1776. 
Sir : — I am favored with yours of the 17th ult., which came to hand, when I was in 
the hospital, under inoculation By the blessing of God, Mrs. Cooke, myself and the 
rest of my family, who entered, being ten in number, went through the distemper, and 
have come out of it very well. I have the pleasure to inform you, that Mrs. Greene, 
your lady, was yesterday at my house, in good health. 

I have written this day to General Washington, upon the requisition of Congress to 
this state, to raise two battalions to serve during the war, and enclose yon a copy of 
the paragraph upon that subject. I am, by the advice of the committee, to request 
your attention to this matter; and that you will give every assistance and information 
relating to it, in your power. 

I am, sir, your most obedient and most humble servant, 

NICHOLAS COOKE. 
To General Greene. 

P. S. At the request of the secretary, I send you the enclosed, which are from a 
young lad, a volunteer, who was taken by Capt. Riddle ; we shall be glad if you would 
serve him. 

The Governor of Rhode Island to General Washington. 

Providence, October 5th, 1776. 

Sir: — Your Excellency's letter of the 17th ult.,* by the committee of this state, hath 
been received. 

Deputy Governor Bradford informed you that it had been recommended to Col. 
Richmond to march with his battalion to join your army ; since which, Mr. Hopkins, 
a member from this state, of the Continental Congress, hath arrived here ; by whose 
advice it was concluded to stop their march, and to permit such of the men as should 
incline, to enlist into the Continental navy. The reasons that induced the committee 
to alter their first intention, were these : 

Eight companies of the twelve of which that battalion consists, were enlisted about 
the middle of November last, for a year. But part of the regiment of militia from the 
Massachusetts, is yet arrived ; and it will be some time longer before the remainder 
will arrive ; so that by the time Col. Richmond's battalion could be got under proper 
regulations in camp, their enlistments would expire, and it might be expected they 
would return home, to the great discouragement of the troops left behind. 

* This letter is printed on page 623, Vol. VII. , Rhode Colonial Records. 



1776.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 31 



In that battalion, is a considerable number of seamen, who it is thought will enter 
in the navy; and in the present scarcity of seamen in this state, upwards of twelve 
hundred being at sea in the different privateers, it is absolutely impossible to supply 
them with men in any other way. 

After the committee had taken the last mentioned resolution, Mr. Burr, a gentleman 
of character, arrived here from Governor Trumbull, with a plan of landing a body of 
men upon the east end of Long Island, and collecting a considerable naval force in the 
Sound. Upon conference witli him, and Commodore Hopkins, the committee deter- 
mined to recommend it to Col. Richmond to proceed with such part of his battalion as 
should not enter into the sea-service, to New London ; there to receive orders from 
such general officer, as you should appoint to command in that expedition. 

The two row-galleys of this state, with about sixty whale-boats, from the Massa- 
chusetts, and between twenty and thirty belonging to us, will proceed to New London, 
with the battalion and their baggage ; the galleys and whale-boats will be under the 
direction of Commodore Hopkins, to assist in the expedition. 

I last night received the resolutions of Congress, for enlisting eighty-eight battalions 
in the Continental service, during the war; copies of which, without doubt, have been 
transmitted to Your Excellency. By them, a requisition is made for two battalions 
from this state ; at the same, Ave are informed by Mr. President Hancock, that the 
troops now in service, belonging to the several states, who shall enlist for the war, 
will be considered as part of their quota in the American army. 

There are two battalions in Continental pay, which were originally raised by this 
state, viz. : Col. Varnum's, Col. Hitchcock's, Col. Lippitt's, who are now in the 
army, under your immediate command, and Col. liichmond's, which is under orders 
for New London. 

I write by this opportunity, to the three former, to make report to me of the 
officers in their several battalions who will engage to serve during the war ; and by 
the advice of the committee, I request Your Excellency to transmit to me, to be 
laid before the General Assembly, at their session on the 28th instant, the names 
of such of them as you shall think merit promotion. 

I beg leave to assure Your Excellency that this state will give all possible efficacy 
and dispatch to those important resolutions ; and that I am with great sincerity and 
esteem, sir, Your most obedient and most humble servant, 

NICHOLAS COOKE. 

To His Excellency General Washington. 

P. S. This letter will be delivered to Your Excellency by Mr. Jonathan Hasard, 
who is a member of the General Assembly of this state, and whom I beg leave to 
recommend to your attention. 

John Hancock, President of the Continental Cone/ress^ to the 
General Assembly of Rhode Island. 

Philadelphia, October 9th, 177G. 
Gentlemen : — The enclosed resolves, which I transmit in obedience to the com- 
mands of Congress, will inform you of the ample provision they have made for the 
support of both officer and soldier, who shall enter into the service during the war. 
The pay of the former is considerably increased ; and the latter is to receive annually 
a complete suit of clothes, or in lieu thereof, the sum of S20, should he provide the suit 
for himself. This additional encouragement, besides the $20 bounty and one hundred 
acres of land formerly granted, the Congress expect will be the means of engaging the 
troops to serve during the war. 



32 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [OCT. 

For this purpose, also, I am to request you will appoint a committee or committees, 
to repair immediately to the army, to induce such of the troops as have been raised 
by your state, to enlist during the war, and to appoint officers for the same. 

The Congress, for very obvious reasons, are extremely anxious to keep the army 
together. The dangerous consequences of their breaking up, and the difficulty of 
forming a new one, are inconceivable. Were this barrier once removed, military powe.i 
would quickly spread desolation and ruin over the face of our country. The import- 
ance, and indeed the absolute necessity of filling up the army, of providing for the 
troops, and engaging them to serve during the war, is so apparent, and has been so fre- 
quently urged, that I shall only request your attention to the resolves of Congress on 
this subject ; and beseech you, by that love you have for your country, her rights and 
liberties, to exert yourselves to carry them speedily and effectually into execution, as 
the only means of preserving her in this her critical and alarming situation. 
I have the honor to be, gentlemen, 

Your most obedient and very humble servant, 

JOHN HAXCOCK, President. 

To the Honorable Assembly of Rhode Island. 

I 1 . S. The printed resolves herewith enclosed, relative to the establishing loan 
offices in the respective states, for the purpose of borrowing money on Continental se- 
curity, and the regulations with regard to the same, I beg leave to recommend to your 
immediate attention ; and that vqu will take the proper steps to comply with them, 

Major General Nathaniel Greene to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Fort Constitution, October 11th, 1776. 

Sir : — His Excellency General Washington will transmit you a list of officers to con- 
stitute the two new regiments to be raised by your state. The most of those officers 
are gentlemen whose conduct has been approved by those under whom they have 
served. 

The success of the cause, the defeat of the enemy, the honqr of the state, and the 
reputation of the army, altogether depends upon the establishing a good core or corps 
of officers. My little experience has fully convinced me, that without more attention 
is paid by the different states in the appointment of the officers, the troops never will 
answer their expectation. I hope as every thing that is dear and valuable is at stake, 
that no popular prejudices nor family connexion, will influence the House in the elec- 
tion of the officers for the new army. 

I am sensible that America has as good materials to form an army, as any state in 
the world ; but without a good set of officers the troops will be little better than a 
lawless banditti, or an ungovernable mob. The Americans possess as much natural 
bravery as any people upon earth ; but habit must form the soldier. He who expects men 
brought from the tender scenes of domestic life, can meet danger and death with a be- 
coming fortitude, is a stranger to the human heart. There is nothing that can get the 
better of that active principle of self-preservation, but a proper sentiment of pride, 
or being often accustomed to danger. As the principle of pride is not predomi- 
nant enough in the minds of the common soldiery, the force of habit must be 
called into its aid, to get the better of our natural fears, ever alarmed at the approach 
of danger. 

There has been, it must be confessed, soma shameful conduct in this army, in this cam- 
paign, in a great measure owing to the bad conduct of the officers. I have neither seen 
nor heard of one instance of cowardice among the old troops where they had good 
officers to lead them on. In the last action, every regiment behaved with becoming 
spirit ; especially Col. Hitchcock's and Col. Varnum's. I don't wish to see an officer 



1776.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 33 



in the army but such as has a regard for their reputation ; who feels a sentiment of 
honor, and is ambitious of distinguishing himself; such will answer all public expecta- 
tion, and be an honor to the state that sent him. 

Col. Varnum, from the treatment he has met with from Congress, has taken the 
resolution of leaving the army. The colony is generally acquainted with bis abilities, 
that he stands in no need of a recommendation. Perhaps the House may think proper 
tore-elecl him, and give him the opportunity to refuse the appointment, as a compli- 
ment due to his past sen ice-. 

Col. Cornwell and Col. Carey, you'll observe, arc both left out in the general's ar- 
rangement : they were both in the late action, and behaved exceeding well. But as 
there is a reduction of regiments', 'tis not possible to accommodate the whole ; and there 
is a preference given by the under-officers ; though they never have been consulted upon 
this occasion. His Excellency has put down only such as appear deserving, without con- 
sulting them upon the subject, to know whether they would serve or not. The House 
will appoint such and so many of those recommended, as they shall think proper, and 
fill th.e vacancies of their own choice ; hut I hope there will be none in the arrange- 
ment, but men of merit. 

The several retreats and evacuations that have taken place this campaign, without 
doubt has alarmed the tears of the timid, and aroused their apprehension of an ap- 
proaching ruin. The source of these misfortunes, have originated from several causes. 
The strength of the enemy far exceeded the expectations of Congress ; the late season 
that they attempted to call in a reinforcement to our aid ; the many delays that took 
place among the different states, in furnishing their proportion, protracted the time of 
collecting the forces together to such a degree, that when the enemy had their w T hole 
strength together, ours in different detachments were far inferior to theirs. 

With a force inferior to the enemy, in number ; with troops that were mostly raw 
and undisciplined, with young and ignorant officers, what could be expected against old 
experienced officers, with veteran troops to command, short of what has taken place? 
Especially, when you take in the idea of the extent of ground we had to guard, and 
the assistance the enemy received from their ships, owing to the situation of the ports 
occupied. The militia has come ami gone in such shoals, that His Excellency could 
never tell scarcely two days together, the strength he had at any one port. 

If the different states complete the establishment, agreeably to the resolve of Con- 
gress, and the troops come well officered (for on that the whole depends), I have not 
the least doubt in my mind, but that in a few months we shall be able to seek the 
enemy, instead of they us. 1 know our men are more than equal to theirs ; and were 
our officers equal to our men, we should have nothing to fear from the best troops in the 
world. I do not mean to derogate from the worth and merit of all the officers in the 
army. We have many that are in the service, deserving the highest applause; and 
have served with reputation, and honor to themselves, and the state that sent them ; 
and I am happy that I have it to say that the Rhode Island regiments hitherto, are 
amongst this number. 

Three of the enemy's ships passed the chevaux-de-frize, on the North River, yester- 
day, and went up to Tappan Bay. Our army is strongly fortified, and so much out 
of the command of the shipping, we have little more to fear this campaign. The troops 
have been, and still are, exceedingly sickly. The same disorder rages in the enemy's 
camp, as does in ours, hut is much more mortal. Nothing new from the northern 
army. T am, with great esteem, your obedient servant, 

NATH'L GREENE. 

To the Governor of Rhode Island, 



34 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [OCT. 



Commissioners of the Continental Congress to the Governor of 
Bhode Island. 



Philadelphia, Octoher 11th, 177G. 
Sir :— Congress being earnestly engaged to make the best provision in their power, 
for clothing the troops, particularly those who enlist into the new army, have passed 
the enclosed resolve ; and the committee being of opinion that the Assembly of your 
state can direct the execution of this matter more effectually than they can, request 
you to apply to the Assembly of your state to appoint the most suitable persons to 
transact this business with all possible dispatch ; and upon letting us know what 
sums of money you may be able to lay out, it shall be sent you. 
We are, with great respect, 

Your Honor's most obedient, humble servants, 
ROB'T TREAT PAINE, JOHN PENN, 

W.M. WILLIAMS, JOSIAH BARTLETT, 

G, WYTHE, T. STONE, 

LYMAN HALL, WM. ELLERY. 

JNO. WITHERSPOON, 
To the Hon. Nicholas Cooke, Esq., Governor 
of the state of Rhode Island and Provi- 
dence Plantations. 



Gen Washington to the Governor of Rhode Island, 

Headquarters, Harlem Heights, ( 
October 12, 1776, ) 

Sir:— The situation of our affairs, and the approaching dissolution of the present 
army, calling for every possible exertion on our part, to levy a new one ; and presuming 
that your state are about to make an arrangement of officers for the quota of troops 
which they are to furnish, and that they may wish to know those belonging to them 
who have served with reputation and bravery, I have thought it expedient to obtain a 
return by such means as seemed most likely to be well founded. To this end, I have 
made inquiry, and the enclosed list, which I have the honor to transmit you, compre- 
hends the names of those who, in public estimation, and that of the generals under 
whom they have more particularly acted, have behaved themselves well and to good 
acceptance; and whose past conduct gives a reasonable hope that their future will 
render material services to their country. 

The advantages arising from a judicious appointment of officers, and the fatal consc- 
qenees that result from the want of them, are too obvious to require arguments to 
prove them. 1 shall therefore beg leave to add only, that as the well-doing, nay, the 
very existence, of every army to any profitable purposes, depend upon ii, that too 
much regard cannot be had to the choosing of men of merit, and such as are not only 
under the influence of a warm attachment to their country, but who also possess sen- 
timents of principles of the strictest honor. Men of this character are fit for office, and 
will use their besl endeavors to introduce that discipline and subordination which are 
essential to good order, and inspire that confidence in the men which alone can give 
success to the interesting and important contest in which we are engaged. I would 
idso beg leave to subjoin, that it appears to me absolutely necessary that this business 
should have your earliest attention, that those who are nominated may employ their 



1776.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 35 



interest and influence to recruit men out of your corps that are now here, without loss 
of time. 

In respect to the officers that were in the Canada expedition, their behaviour and 
merit, and the severities they have experienced, entitle them to a particular notice, in 
my opinion. However, as they are under their paroles, I would recommend that va- 
cancies should he reserved for such as you think lit to promote, not wishing them to 
accept commissions immediately, or to do the least act that may he interpreted a viola- 
tion of their engagement. 

Their releasement, I hope, will be soon obtained, as I think them entitled to the first 
exchange, and which I have mentioned to Congress. 

I flatter myself that the freedom I have taken in the instances above, will have the 
indulgence and pardon of your state, when I assure you that the list you will receive, 
is not intended to exclude gentlemen of greater merit, or transmitted with other views 
than to assist you, and of promoting the general good ; and also , that the measure has 
been recommended by a committee of Congress, who were pleased to honor me with 
a visit. I have done the same to Governor Trumbull, at his particular request ; and 
the officers are making out a return, to be laid before the Massachusetts Assembly, of 
the same nature, so far as it concerns the officers from their state. 

On the morning of the 9th instant, three of he enemy's ships, two of forty-four guns, and 
one of twenty, with three or four tenders, ran up the North River, without receiving 
any interruption from our chwaux-de-frize, or apparent damage from our batteries ; 
though a heavy fire was kept up against them from each side of the river ; they are 
laying at Tarrytown, from twenty -five to thirty miles above this ; and out-sailing two 
of our row-galleys in their passage up, they fell into their hands ; the crews escaped. 

1 had liked to have omitted mentioning the appointment of a paymaster to each 
regiment, who, I perceive, are not noticed in the list transmitted you. 

Congress, by a late resolution, have allowed such an officer, with captain's pay ; and 
as their duty will be not only to receive the regiment's pay, but to keep accounts of 
their clothing and every other incidental charge, I would beg leave to recommend 
that attention should be had to their appointment ; and that persons may be nominated 
who are well versed in accounts, and who can keep them in a fair and proper manner. 
I am led to advise this precaution to be used, because it will be an office of a good deal 
of consequence ; and because in several instances in the present army, where the ap- 
pointments were made in consequence of recommendations from the field officers, per^ 
sons have been put in, who, so far from being accountants, and answering the designs 
of Congress, can scarcely write their own names. 

October 18. — Yesterday the enemy landed at Frog's Point, about nine miles from 
hence up the Sound ; their number we cannot ascertain, as they have not advanced. 
The Point is rather an island, as it is surrounded by water every high tide. From the 
great movements of ships and other vessels up the Sound, in the evening, with troops 
within, and the information of two deserters who came out last night, there is strong 
reason to believe they mean to land, and pursue their former scheme of getting in our 
rear, and cutting off the communication with the country. I have ordered some works 
to be thrown up on the passes leading from the Sound, where they are landed ; and 
from the situation of the grounds through which they must pass, if they pursue their 
plan, I would fain hope they will sustain a considerable loss, if not a repulse. 

I have the honor to be, &c, 

G: WASHINGTON. 

To Governor Cooke, Rhode Island; 



36 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [OCT. 



Return of Officers recommended by Gen. Washington io the General 
Assembly of Rhode Island, for the New Establishment. 

Field officers recommended — Daniel Hitchcock, colonel; Israel Angell, lieutenant 
colonel ; Christopher Smith, major. 

Officers in service recommended. Captains— -Jeremiah Olney, William Tew, Cog- 

geshall Olney, Ephraim Bowen, Simeon Thayer, William Bradford, Carr, 

Riggs. 

First Lieutenants — Stephen Olney, William Allen, William Littletield, 

Grant, Joseph Whitmarsh, Daniel Pierce, Amos Crandall, Micah Moulton. 

Second Lieutenants— Thomas Hughes, James Webb, William Humphrey, Duty 
Jerrald. 

Ensigns — Ebenezer West, Holliman Potter, Thomas Waterman, Oliver Jenks, 
Richard Hunniwell. 

Staff officers recommended— Chaplain, adjutant, Cyprean Sterry, quartermaster ; 
surgeon, mate. 



Field officers recommended — Christopher Greene, colonel ; Adam Comstock, lieu- 
tenant colonel ; Henry Sherbune, major. 

Officers in service recommended. Captains — Samuel Ward, John Topham, Ebene- 
zer Flagg, Silas Talbut, Thomas Cole, Jonathan S. Dexter, Martin, 

WaJJin. 

First lieutenants— Joseph Arnold, William Belcher, Timothy Lock, Samuel Bissell, 
Rawson, William Potter, Handy, Xoyes. 



Second lieutenants — Ichabod Prentice, John Chapman, Edward Slocum, John 
Remington. 

Ensigns — Zephaniah Brown. 

Staff officers recommended — Chaplain, adjutant, Clarke Browne, quartermaster ; 
surgeon, mate. 

Col. Varnum would have been recommended for a colonel of one of the regiments, 
but he refuses to serve. 

Recommended from the different regiments, the within arrangement for constituting 
the two Rhode Island regiments, upon the new establishment. 

Included in this arrangement, are the following officers, now prisoners of war ; 

List of Officers who are now Prisoners of War. 

Lieut. Colonel Christopher Greene, Lieutenant James Webb, 

Captain Samuel AVard, Lieutenant William Humphreys, 

Captain John Topham, Ensign Edward Slocum. 
Captain Simeon Thayer, 

N. B. It is not meant that the within arrangement shall determine the rank of the 
captains and subaltern officers. 



1776.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 37 



Gen. Nathaniel Greene to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Headquarters, New York Island, , 
October 16, L776. j 

Sir: — roars, of the 5th, was delivered by Mr. Haszard; the subject of which, I 
have written upon before, as fully as necessary. The anxiety I felt for the honor of 
the state, and the good of the cause, made me anticipate your wishes, relative to recom- 
mendations. 

I had made a collection of the officers belonging to the three Rhode Island regi- 
ments, and delivered it in to His Excellency General Washington, to be forwarded to 
your state. That recommendation and arrangement of officers is the best that I could 
make, or recommend to the general, all circumstances considered. The state will act 
their pleasure with respect to the appointment. The general only wishes to have good 
men, such as will discharge their duty in every point of view, and maintain the char- 
acter of gentlemen ; he lias no attachment to any person farther than his merit recom- 
mends him. Men of merit he wishes to be appointed, whether in or out of the army. 

General Howe has landed at Frog's Point, a place a few miles east of Hell Gate ; he 
is collecting his force together at that place, with a design to cut off our retreat. His 
Excellency is making an arrangement to counteract him. The troops appear to be in 
good spirits ; and I am in hopes if Howe attacks us, he will meet with a defeat ; a 
battle daily, nay hourly expected. I shall come in for no share of the honor or glory 
of the day, if victorious ; nor shame or disgrace, if defeated; my command being in 
Newburg. 

Howe's design evidently appears to be, to get in our rear, to cut off our supplies, and 
starve the army out. This reduces us to the necessity of extending our left wing out 
in the country, to preserve our communication with the country, from whence we get 
our support. A few days may produce some events important to the American in- 
terest. I was on Staten Island night-before-last ; the greatest part of the British troops 
and Hessians, are drawn off, to support General Howe's operations at Frog's Point. 

I am exceeding happy to hear of the recovery of your family from the small 

pox. Present my respects to them, and to Mr. Ward, the secretary. I have carefully 
sent in the letters, sent me by the flags. 

I am, with great respect, your obedient, humble servant, 

NATHANIEL GREENE. 

To the Governor of Rhode Island. 



S8 records of tht: state of rhode island [Not 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at East Greenwich, on 
Thursday, the 21st day of November, 1770. 

The Hon. Nicholas Cooke, Governor; 

The Hon. William Bradford, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. George Sears, with the 
committee of safety for this state, be, and they are hereby, 
appointed a committee to purchase blankets, shirts, stock- 
ings, shoes and woolens, fit for soldiers' clothes ; and that 
they take the most effectual and speedy methods for getting 
such woolens as they may purchase, and those already pur- 
chased in behalf of the Continent, made up, that the same 
may be forwarded as soon as may be, to headquarters, near 
New York, agreeably to a recommendation of Congress ; 
and that they draw upon the Continental agent for the 
sums necessary to execute this business. 

Whereas, this Assembly hath been requested to give as j 
sistance to forward the manning and sailing of those ships 
and vessels belonging to the Continental fleet and navy, 
which are now in this state. 

And whereas, it is represented to this Assembly, that 
great uneasiness hath arisen amongst the men belonging to 
the navy, on account of the wages not having been paid, 
nor the prize-money distributed ; which has not only pro- 
duced a great disaffection to the service, and now prevents 
many from entering therein; but has also been represented 
much to the disadvantage of this state, and proved injurious 
to that character it has ever supported in the defence of 
American liberty ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that Esek Hopkins, 
Esq., commodore and commander-in-chief of said fleet, be re- 



1770.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 39 

quested, by special message, to attend this Assembly, in 
order that by making such inquiry as they think proper, 
respecting the matters, aforesaid, this Assembly may be 
enabled to render to the said navy the most effectual assist- 
ance, and acquit this state from every injurious misrepre- 
sentation on that account. 

Whereas, the time of enlistment of a greater part of the 
soldiers in the regiment under the command of Col. Rich- 
mond, hath expired, and the said soldiers are discharged ; 
and whereas, the commissions of the field officers have 
expired. — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the artillery and 
other companies in said regiment, whose ^time of enlistment 
hath not expired, with their respective officers, continue in 
service, agreeably to their enlistment, and be under the 
command of Col. Cooke ; that the said officers rank agreea- 
bly to the date of their commissions. 

That the captain and subaltern officers, who have Conti- 
nental commissions, take rank of the captains and subaltern 
officers who have militia commissions ; and that the thanks 
of this Assembly be given to Col. William Richmond, and 
the rest of the officers who have Continental commissions, 
for their good services during the time they have been in 
this state. 

An Act in addition to an act, entitled a An act empowering 
the members of the upper and lower houses of Assembly, 
to tender to such of the inhabitants as are herein men- 
tioned a declaration or test, for subscription." 
Be it enacted by the General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that no execution in future be 
issued on any judgment of any of the courts of law within 
this state, unless the person or persons in whose favor said 
judgment is obtained, hath subscribed the test prescribed 
by any act of this state, or hath taken the affirmation, 
or produced the proper certificate by said act required ; 
and all executions already issued in favor of any person 



40 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [NOV. 

or persons who have not subscribed the said test, or taken 
said affirmation, or produced such certificate, be returned by 
the officers to whom they may be delivered, to the court to 
which they may be returnable, unsatisfied, unless the said 
person or persons, before the return thereof, subscribe said 
test, or take said affirmation, or produce said certificate. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
when any person hath been committed upon any execution, 
at the suit of any person within this state, who hath not 
subscribed the test act ; and the person committed stands 
still committed, or is out upon thirty per cent, bond, that 
such persons be discharged from prison, or from such bonds ; 
the judgment to stand good, and execution to issue thereon, 
as though no execution had issued, upon the persons who 
have obtained such judgments first subscribing the test, 
taking the affirmation, or producing the certificate pre- 
scribed by the said act ; such persons so committed, paying 
and discharging the fees for committing, and prison-fees. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
no person, within or without this state, shall be allowed the 
privilege of obtaining any judgment or execution, upon any 
note assigned over by any inhabitant of this state, unless 
the person who hath assigned the same, hath subscribed said 
test, or hath taken said affirmation, or produced the certifi- 
cate by the said act required. 

It is voted and resolved, that the secretary do make out 
an abstract of the officers in the regiments lately under the 
command of Col. William Richmond; with the respective 
times of their entering into the service and dismission there- 
from ; and the extra pay allowed by this state, agreeably to 
the pay allowed by Congress to the said officers, in order 
that tin- same may be signed by the colonel, and delivered 
to the committee of of safety, to be by them paid. 

That Col. Richmond do make out abstracts from the sev- 
eral returns of the companies in the said regiments, and 
deliver the same to the committee of safety in this state, as 
soon as may be ; who shall immediately upon the receipt 



1776] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 41 

thereof, draw the moneys due thereon, out of the general 
treasury, and pay the same. 

That Messrs. Nathaniel Mumford, Thomas Greene and 
Gideon Mumford, the standing committee, for auditing ac- 
counts for this state, be, and they are hereby, directed to 
make out an account of all disbursements made by this 
state, for the said regiment, and present the same, together 
with the above mentioned account of the extra pay to the 
officers, to the paymaster of the Continental troops, for the 
northern district of America, and receive the moneys due, 
therefor, and pay the same into the general treasury ; and 
that the said standing committee make report of their doings 
to this Assembly, as soon as may be. 

Whereas, it appears, by advice by express from due au- 
thority in New London, in the state of Connecticut, that a 
flag of truce is there arrived from Lord Howe, for a general 
exchange of prisoners, confined in the marine department. 

And whereas, this Assembly is also well informed, that a 
considerable number of the subjects of the American states 
have been captured by the British navy, as well those who 
sailed in American privateers, as in merchantmen ; that all 
are promiscuously confined under decks in large numbers, 
in a very sickly condition, and under short allowance ; 
therefore, for the relief of such, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the brigantine which the 
masters and mates of the pjizes lately captured and brought 
into this state, purchased agreeably to an act of this Assem- 
bly, together with each and every person who hath had a 
permit to proceed in said brigantine, be detained, and not 
suffered to depart until further orders from this Assembly, 
that it may be known, whether if they depart from this port 
for Great Britain, by permission of this Assembly, a like 
number will be exchanged for them. 

And the sheriff of the county of Providence is hereby or- 
dered and directed immediately to see this resolve carried 
into execution, if said brigantine is to be found within this 



42 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [NOV. 

state ; and all officers, civil and military, are to aid and as- 
sist, if occasion require. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Wanton (son of 
Gideon), Dr. Jonathan Arnold and Messrs. Immanuel Case, 
Thomas Holden and Sylvester Child, he, and they are here- 
by, appointed a committee to regulate the fees of the several 
officers within this state ; and that they make report to this 
Assembly, at the next session. 

An Act for raising a regiment, to serve for three months. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof, it is hereby enacted, that one regiment be 
forthwith raised from the militia of this state, to consist of 
the number of men as hereafter ordered; and to continue in 
the service of this state three months from the time of their 
enlistment, unless dismissed before that time by this Assembly. 

That said regiment be commanded by one colonel, one 
lieutenant colonel, and one major, and consist of eight com- 
panies ; each company to be led by one captain, two lieu- 
tenants, and one ensign. 

That one adjutant and one quartermaster be appointed 
for said regiment. 

That said regiment be composed of six men as soldiers, of 
every hundred of the male inhabitants of sixteen years of 
age, and upwards, as last estimated within this state. 

That the several towns within this state, raise such a 
number of men within their respective towns, as shall be 
their proportion, thereof, agreeably to the said estimate. 

That if any of the said male inhabitants shall enlist in 
any other town than the town whereof they are inhabitants, 
they shall be considered as raised by the towns to which 
they respectively belong ; and the said towns are hereby 
directed to inarch their said proportion of men to the island 
of Rhode Island, within ten clays from the rising of this As- 
sembly, upon the penalty of £100, lawful money, to be re- 
covered of any delinquent town, for the use of this state, 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 43 

by the general treasurer, by bill, plaint or information, in 
any of the courts of law within this state. 

And it is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the form of the enlistment for the regiment now ordered 
to be raised, be as follows, to wit : 

Form of Enlistment for the Soldiers. 

" I, the subscriber, hereby solemnly engage and enlist my- 
self, as a soldier, in the regiment ordered to be raised from 
the militia of the state of Rhode Island and Providence Plan- 
tations, in the service and pay of said state, from the day 
of my enlistment, for and during the term of three months, 
unless sooner discharged by the Assembly of said state ; 
and I hereby promise to submit myself to all the orders 
and regulations of the army of the United States ; and faith- 
fully to observe and obey all such orders, as I shall re- 
ceive, from time to time, from my officers." 

And it is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the officers and soldiers of the said regiment be, and thev 
are hereby, allowed the same monthly wages, as are allowed 
the officers and soldiers of the regiment under the command 
of Col. John Cooke, now upon the island of Rhode Island, 
aforesaid. 

And it is further enacted by the authority, aibresaid, that 
the committee of safety, with such other persons as the 
several towns within this state shall appoint, are hereby ap- 
pointed to equip and furnish each and every soldier, avIio 
shall enlist, as aforesaid, with a blanket, knapsack, one good 
fire-arm, with a bayonet and cartridge-box ; to be returned 
to such of the said committee of safety who furnished the 
same, at the expiration of the time of enlistment of said soldiers. 

And it is further enacted by the authority, aforesaid, that 
for as many blankets, knapsacks, fire-arms, with a bayonet 
and cartridge-box, as cannot readily be furnished by the 
aforesaid committee, the following sums shall be paid to 



44 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [NOV. 

each and every soldier who shall furnish himself with them, 
or either of them, for the use, thereof, to wit : 

Thirteen shillings, lawful money, for a blanket ; two shil- 
lings and sixpence, for a knapsack ; twelve shillings for a 
fire-arm and bayonet ; and two shillings and sixpence, for a 
cartridge-box. 

And it is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the committees of safety do, and they are hereby directed 
to receive the fire-arms in the town of Newport, belonging 
to this state, in order to equip the soldiers, as aforesaid. 

And it is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
those towns, who, in taking the last estimate, before referred 
to, included those of their inhabitants who were either in 
the army or navy, raise only such a number of men as their 
proportion shall be, agreeably to said estimate, excluding 
therefrom the persons who were absent, as aforesaid. 

And it is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the secretary be, and he is hereby directed to transmit to 
the several town clerks within this state, copies of this act, 
within forty-eight hours after the rising of this Assembly ; 
and the said town clerks are hereby directed immediately to 
issue their warrants to call town meetings within their re- 
spective towns, to meet as soon as may be, for carrying this 
act into execution. 

It is voted and resolved, that each captain, or next officer 
in command, of the several independent companies, and com- 
panies of militia in this state, notify his company to appear 
at some proper place on the 29th day of this instant No- 
vember, under arms, with all accoutrements, agreeably to law. 

That such captain or next commanding officer, see that 
the fines for non-attendance be punctually collected ; and 
make out a list of the deficiency of each person in each 
article. 

That he send a proper officer to the dwelling-house of 
each person not attending, to examine how far such person 
be deficient. 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS, 45 

That each captain, or next commanding officer of the 
companies of militia, make a proper return thereof, to the 
colonel of the regiment to which he belongs. 

That each captain, or next officer in command of the in- 
dependent companies, make a like return to this Assembly, 
at the next session ; and that the secretary transmit a copy 
of this resolve to each colonel of the militia, and to each 
commander of the several independent companies in this 
state, within three days after the rising of this Assembly. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, made 
choice of the following gentlemen as officers, in the regi- 
ment now ordered to be raised : 

Officers chosen for the Regiment. 

John Sayles, Jr., Esq., colonel ; Benjamin Talman, Esq., 
lieutenant colonel ; Thomas Potter, Jr., Esq., major. 

Wing Spooner, Christopher Manchester, Jr., Thomas 
Thompson, Moses Turner, Malachi Hammett, Asa Kimball, 
Stephen Sheldon and Royzel Smith, captains. 

Samuel Stevens, first lieutenant of Capt, Wing Spooner's 
company. 

Walter Palmer, first lieutenant of Capt, Christopher Man- 
chester's company. 

William Coon, Jr., first lieutenant of Capt. Thos. Thomp- 
son's company. 

William Lawless, first lietenant of Capt, Moses Turner's 
company. 

Micah Whitmarsh, first lieutenant of Capt, Malachi Ham- 
mett's company. 

Squire Fiske, first lieutenant of Capt. Asa Kimball's 
company. 

Nathaniel Carpenter, first lieutenant of Capt. Stephen 
Sheldon's company. 

John Cole, Jr., first lieutenant of Capt, Royzel Smith's 
company. 



46 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [NoV. 

Moses Watson, second lieutenant of Capt. Wing Spooner's 
company. 

Thomas Earl, second lieutenant of Capt. Christopher 
Manchester's company, 

Christopher Clarke, second lieutenant of Capt. Thomas 
Thompson's company. 

Vial Allen, second lieutenant of Capt, Moses Turners 
company. 

Job Greene, second lieutenant of Capt. Malachi Hammett's 
company. 

Laban Waterman, second lieutenant of Capt. Asa Kim- 
ball's company. 

Esek Olney, second lieutenant of Capt, Stephen Sheldon's 
company. 

Barber Peckham, second lieutenant of Capt, Royzel 
Smith's company. 

Benjamin Cornel, ensign of Captain Wing Spooner's 
company. 

Job Clapp, ensign of Capt, Christopher Manchester's 
company. 

George Wilcox, ensign of Capt, Thomas Thompson's 
company. 

Thomas Swan, ensign of Capt. Moses Turner's company. 

Joseph Hopkins, ensign of Capt. Malachi Hammett's 
company. 

Samuel Black, ensign of Capt, Asa Kimball's company. 

John Herrington, ensign of Capt. Stephen Sheldon's 
company. 

Lawrence Pearce, ensign of Capt, Royzel Smith's company. 

Staff officers — Benjamin Stelle, adjutant ; Solomon Town- 
send, Jr., quartermaster ; Stephen Wigneren, surgeon. 

And the said Stephen Wigneron is also appointed sur- 
geon to all the forces stationed, or about to be stationed, up- 
on Rhode Island. 

It is voted and resolved, that Ebenezer Spencer be ap- 
pointed captain ; William Hall, lieutenant ; and John Shaw, 



1770.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 47 

ensign, of the first compari}'' of militia, in East Greenwich; 
and that Amos Jones bo ensign of the second company, in 
said town. 

Whereas, Capt, William Sweet preferred his petition to 
this Assembly, setting forth, that whilst in the service of this 
state, lie, with the sailors under his command, were captured 
by the enemy, and carried into Antigua ; from which place, 
he, together with Mr. Jonathan Fairbanks, his mate, took 
passage for Rhode Island, which was very expensive to the 
petitioner, he being obliged to pay all the expenses of Mr. 
Fairbanks, or leave him behind. 

That he is now sued to Providence court for the money 
in his hands, belonging to the state, which he ever was, and 
now is, ready to account for. 

And thereupon prayed this Assembly to take his petition 
into consideration, and grant to him and Mr. Fairbanks 
their wages and expenses, in the same manner as has been 
already allowed to the seamen who were captured with 
him ; to which petition, he subjoined an account of their ex- 
penses and wages ; and the premises being duly considered 
by this Assembly, — 

It is voted and resolved, that £26 10s. 4cl, of the said ac- 
count be allowed, and no more ; this Assembly deducting 
therefrom, the charges of wages made ; and that said sum 
be deducted from the demand on which an action has been 
commenced against the said William Sweet, by this state ; 
and upon his, the said William's paying to the general 
treasurer the balance that will be due to this state, after 
making the deduction, aforesaid, that said action be with- 
drawn. 

It is voted and resolved, that the captains now chosen to 
be commissionated for the regiment ordered to be raised, to 
be sent upon Rhode Island, take rank according to the date 
of their commissions, which they have heretofore had for 
actual service ; and those that have commissions bearing 
equal elate, draw for rank ; and those who never before had 
commissions, likewise draw for rank <, and that those who 



48 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [Nov. 

have had commissions for actual service, take rank of those 
who never had such commissions ; and that the lieutenants 
and ensigns serve in the companies to which they are ap- 
pointed ; and if any of the said officers appointed for said 
regiment, shall not accept their commissions, that the towns 
to which they may respectively belong, appoint other 
persons in their places ; and that they be commissionated 
accordingly. 

Whereas, this state is in daily expectation of an invasion 
from the enemy, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that it be, and it is 
hereby, recommended to the inhabitants, thereof, who have 
stock upon either of the islands of Jamestown or Prudence, 
to remove the same immediately to the main land ; and that 
the sheriff of the county of Newport give notice to the in- 
habitants of Jamestown ; and the sheriff of the county of 
Bristol, to the inhabitants of Prudence, of this resolve. 

It is voted and resolved, that one month's pay be ad- 
vanced to every man who shall enlist himself as a soldier, in 
the regiment ordered by this Assembly to be raised from 
the militia of this state, at the time of his enlistment. 

That the same be paid by the committees of safety, and 
the persons appointed by the several towns, to furnish 
the troops with blankets, knapsacks, guns, bayonets and 
cartouch-boxes, agreeably to the act of this Assembly ; and 
that the persons so appointed by the several towns, be fur- 
nished with such sums of money as shall be necessary for 
furnishing and equipping said troops, and paying the said 
advanced wages from the committees of safety for this 
state. 

Whereas, the General Court of the state of Massachusetts 
Bay, by a resolve of the 16th of this instant November, have 
appointed a committee, to meet committees from the Gen- 
eral Assemblies of the states of Connecticut, New Hamp- 
shire and this state, at Providence, on the 10th day of 
December next, in case such committees be by the said As- 
semblies appointed, to hold a conference respecting further 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 49 

emissions of paper currency on the credit of any of the said 
states ; also, upon measures necessary for supporting the 
credit of the public currencies, thereof, &c. ; which having 
been duly considered by this Assembly, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the Hon. William Bradford, 
Esq., Col. Jonathan Arnold and Henry Marchant, Esqs., be, 
and they are hereby, appointed a committee, to meet the 
said committee from the state of the Massachusetts Bay, at 
the time and place, and for the purposes in the said resolve 
mentioned. 

Provided, the states of Connecticut and New Hampshire 
shall think proper to appoint committees for the same pur- 
poses ; and that the secretary immediately transmit copies 
of this resolve to the states of the Massachusetts Bay, Con- 
necticut and New Hampshire. 

Whereas, it is the opinion of this Assembly, that it is 
highly necessary, for the defence, of Rhode Island in par- 
ticular, and of this state, in general, to keep open the pas- 
sage at Bristol and Howland's Ferries ; and that two strong- 
fort ifications be erected at or near each of said ferries ; and 
that it will be expedient to take off so many of the cannon 
from Rhode Island, as may be necessary for those fortifi- 
cations ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that one eighteen- 
pounder, and two twelve-pounders, be left in the fort or bat- 
tery, at Brenton's Point, 

That one twenty-four-pounder, two eighteen-pounders, and 
two twelve-pounders, be left in Fort Liberty ; and that one 
twenty-four-pounder, two eighteen-pounders, and two twelve- 
pounders, be left in the North Battery. 

That all the cannon mounted on field-carriages, be also 
left on Rhode Island ; and that all the rest of the cannon be 
forthwith removed to the main land, namely : 

Three of the heaviest cannon to Bristol Ferry, and three 
to Howland's Ferry ; and as there are but two cannon now 
at the battery, on Fox Point, near Providence, — 

It is further resolved, that the remainder of the cannon so to 



50 RECORDS OF THE COLONV OF RHODE ISLAND [NoV* 

be removed, be removed to the said battery, at Fox Point ; 
that Daniel Mowry, Esq., be, and he is hereby, appointed 
to see the same removed, accordingly ; that Col. Cooke af- 
ford him all necessary assistance, with the soldiery under his 
command, in removing the same ; that the galleys be used 
for conveying said cannon. 

That Col. Cooke, Col. Sayles, the said Daniel Mowry and 
Mr. Joseph Brown, or the major part of them, be, and they 
are hereby, appointed a committee, to plan, lay out and 
erect said fortifications ; and that they also remove such ac- 
coutrements, shot and cartridges, with said cannon so to be 
removed, as they shall think proper ; paying a due regard 
to what may be necessary for the cannon to be left on 
Rhode Island. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee of safety 
purchase, on the best terms they can, the woolens in the 
hands of Mr. Daniel Tillinghast, for clothing the battalions 
ordered to be raised by this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that Thomas Church and Daniel 
Rodman, Esqs., be, and they are hereby, appointed a com- 
mittee, to proceed forthwith to New London, to negotiate 
with any person or persons, authorized by Lord Howe, an 
exchange of prisoners ; that they inquire into what powers 
such person may have, for settling the exchange, and ap- 
point the time and place when and where the exchange 
shall be made. 

And whereas, there is a number of masters of vessels, 
mates, passengers, and apprentices, subjects of the King of 
Great Britain, now enlarged upon parole, with permission to 
proceed to Great Britain, in a vessel by them purchased, — 

Resolved, that the said committee take an authentic list 
of their names and stations, and confer with the person or 
persons so authorized by Lord Howe, as aforesaid, whether 
if said persons be permitted to proceed from this state, as 
aforesaid, they will be considered as so many prisoners de- 
livered up to Lord Howe ; that upon the conditions of ex- 
change being agreed upon, His Honor the Governor be re- 



1770.] AMi PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 51 

quested to order all the prisoners in this state, that arc not 
under said parole, to be collected together, and sent under 
proper guard, to the place agreed on, for the exchange, 
aforesaid ; observing first to exchange the prisoners belong- 
ing to this state ; and then for prisoners helonging to the 
United States, in general. 

That if the persons so having obtained permission, shall 
he considered as prisoners delivered to Lord Howe, that then 
those masters, mates, &c, now under said parole, he per- 
mitted to proceed, accordingly ; that otherwise, His Honor 
the Governor, with Messrs. John Jenckes and John Brown, 
be empowered to suffer all, or so many of them to depart, 
according to their present parole, as they shall think 
proper; and that report be made by the said Thomas 
Church and Daniel Rodman, to His Honor the Governor, as 
soon as may be. 

Whereas, the Continental Congress, on the 31st of Octo- 
ber, 1776, did resolve, — 

That whereas, it was represented to Congress, that sundry 
inhabitants of these United States, to keep supplies from 
the army, or promote their own interest, have purchased 
considerable quantities of clothing, and refuse to dispose of 
the same, unless upon extravagant and unreasonable terms ; 
that it be recommended to the Assemblies, Conventions, 
Councils or committees of safety of the several states, forth- 
with to take such suitable measures for obtaining for the use 
of the army, such necessary articles, as being thus engrossed 
in their respective states, cannot be otherwise immediately 
procured, allowing to the owners reasonable prices for the 
same ; and that laws be provided in each of the states, for 
effectually preventing monopolies of necessaries for the 
army, or inhabitants of the same. 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the Hon. William 
Bradford, Esq., Henry Marchant and Jonathan Arnold, Esqs., 
be, and they are hereby, appointed a committee, to draw^up 
an act for preventing the like abuses for the future, and for 
the due punishment of all monopolizers and extortioners. 



52 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [Nov. 

within this state ; especially of such .articles as are neces- 
sary for the clothing and equipping the soldiers, and of all 
naval and warlike stores. 

That said commitee consult thereupon, with the commit- 
tees that shall convene at Providence, for the regulation of 
the currency ; and that they make report to this Assembly, 
as soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee appointed at 
the last session, to act during the recess of the General As- 
sembly, be continued for the purposes for which they were 
appointed, until the sitting of this Assembly, at the next 
session. 

It is voted and resolved, that Col. Sylvester Child deliver 
to Mr. John Smith, for the use of the county of Providence, 
the salt he has in his hands, besides the proportion belong- 
ing to the county of Bristol. 

It is voted and resolved, that the guns belonging to this 
state, be distributed to the committees of safety, according 
to the proportion of the male inhabitants of sixteen years 
of age, and upwards, as last estimated within their respec- 
tive counties. 

It is voted and resolved, that for every bushel of salt de- 
livered by Col. Sylvester Child to the several towns within 
this state, excepting for the salt ordered by this Assembly 
to be delivered to Mr. John Smith, for the county of Provi- 
dence, he be allowed sixpence ; and that he retain as much 
salt as the same amounts to, at and after the rate of five 
shillings and sixpence per bushel, until a distribution thereof 
is made. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Daniel Cahoon be, and 
he is hereby, appointed (in the room of His Honor the Gov- 
ernor, who declines,) a committee-man, to join with Mr. John 
Jenckes, in fitting out and sending away the ship purchased 
by this state, to fetch salt, with the greatest dispatch. 

Whereas, Col. Joseph Stanton, Jr., hath informed this As- 
sembly that he hath chartered a vessel to send for salt, and 
that said vessel is unable to proceed on her voyage, for want 



177f».] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 53 

of sails, and hath requested this Assembly to furnish him 
with duck, for the purpose, aforesaid, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that Mr. John Jenckes 
deliver to the said Joseph eight holts of the duck now in his 
hands, belonging to this state, at $30 per bolt; and that the 
said Joseph pay the amount thereof, at the rate, aforesaid, 
into the general treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee appointed by 
this Assembly, to meet committees from the other New 
England states, respecting the currency, be requested to de- 
sire those committees to agitate in their respective legisla- 
tures the necessity of laying an embargo throughout the 
said states, until the forces proportioned to the said states, 
are raised, and the Continental ships within the same are 
manned, and to obtain the sentiments of their respective 
legislatures thereon, as soon as may be, and make report to 
this Assembly, at the next session. 

Bilk fa be Paid. 

£ s. d. 

John Dexter, for services and expenses in taking an account of the number 

of the inhabitants of the town of Cumberland 2 14 00 

John Dexter, for his time and expenses in furnishing the escutcheons, en- 
graved for lawful money bills 4 10 00 

Noah Smith, for his time and expenses in warning the members of the Gen- 
eral Assemblj', in the county of Providence, to attend the present session 
of the General Assembly 2 08 00 

Pardon Allen, for his time and expenses in carrying letters from South 

Kingstown, to the Governor, at Providence 1 08 00 

Daniel Rodman, for his time and expenses in taking an account of the num- 
ber of the inhabitants of the town of South Kingstown 4 10 00 

Cromel Child, for five hundred weight of cordage 45 00 00 

Joseph Coggesball, for his time and expenses in taking an account of the 

number of inhabitants of the town of North Kingstown 4 01 00 

Col. Henry Babeock, for payment to Sergeant Gardner, who went express to 

General Washington 20 00 00 

Thomas Spencer, for sundry services rendered at East Greenwich, during 

the session of the General Assembly 14 00 

William Sweet, for his attendance on the General Assembly, at this session, 14 00 

Arnold Stafford, " " " " " " 14 00 

God save the United States of America. 



54 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [NOV. 



The Governor of Bhoile Island to General Washington, 

Providence, November G, 1776.* 

Sir : — The General Assembly of this state have ordered two battalions to be imme- 
diately- raised, agreeably to the requsition of the Honorable Continental Congress, sig- 
nified to them in a letter from the president of that august body. 

Congress recommended that a committee should be appointed and repair to the army, 
and there appoint the officers. But as Your Excellency was pleased to enclose in your 
favor of the 12th ultimo, a list of such gentlemen, as would be agreeable to you to 
receive commissions, the General Assembly strictly adhered to your nomination, 
although Lieutenant Pendleton and Lieutenant Crandell belong to the state of Con- 
necticut ; and Ensign H unwell to Massachusetts Bay. Co'. Varnum is complimented 
with a commission by this state ; but as Gen. Greene, in his letter, has signified that 
Col. Varnum will decline the appointment, the vacancy can be filled with Col. Greene, 
who was in the Canada expedition ; the General Assembly have not appointed any of 
those gentlemen who are now upon their parole, but leave that trouble for Your Ex- 
cellency and General Greene to do, as soon as they may consistently with honor re- 
ceive commissions. 

Your Excellency was pleased to mention the advantages that would result to the 
army, by a judicious choice of men of strict honor and reputation, to officer the two 
battalions. 

The General Assembly are very sensible of the great benefit that will arise, by having 
such men only appointed ; and as the officers in the two old battalions have been immedi- 
ately under Your Excellency's command ; and the two battalions, heretofore raised by 
this state, have now joined the army, the General Assembly could devise no better 
means of effecting that salutary measure, than referring the filling up of all vacancies 
in the two battalions now raising, to Your Excellency and Gen. Greene. 

We desire that the officers nominated, may belong to this state, as we suppose this 
to be the meaning of Congress, and request Your Excellency that those appointed may 
immediately enlist every man possible, belonging to the four Rhode Island battalions, 
in order to complete this state's quota ; and that you would be pleased to give every 
necessary indulgence to the enlisting officers that can be consistently done, to effect the 
same. 

The Assembly requests that Your Excellency would immediately dispatch as many 
recruiting officers to this state, as can well be spared from duty, in order to effect the 
completing of the battalions, if they cannot be re-enlisted out of the Rhode Island 
forces now in the army. Attention will be paid to the officers sent upon this occasion, 
that they be such as are most likely to succeed in the business. The General Assem- 
bly being extremely anxious that the two battalions should be forthwith raised, have, as a 
farther encouragement for the soldiers to enlist, granted a bounty of 820 to be paid by 
this state to each and every non-commissioned officer and private soldier who shall so 
enlist, over and above the provision made for them by Congress. 

Messrs. Haszard and Holden, the bearers, will deliver to Your Excellency blank 
commissions for the officers, which you will please to cause to be immediately filled 
and delivered to the gentlemen you approbate. 

Your Excellency will be pleased to excuse the trouble that the General Assembly 
have laid on you, from the necessity, they not knowing who will accept of commissions. 

Messrs. Haszard and Holden are appointed paymasters to the battalions ordered to 

* This letter is referred to in the proceedings of the General Assembly, in the October session, 
on page 21, of tins volume. 



1776,] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. •")•"> 



be raised by this state ; and are furnished with money to pay the extra bounty allowed 
by this state, and are to assist in enlisting the men. At the request, and in behalf of 
the General Assembly — 

I have the honor to subscribe myself with great esteem and respect, 

Your Excellency's most obedient, hninble servant, 

NICHOLAS COOKE. 
To His Excellency General Washington. 

The Governor of Rhode Island to the Governor of Connecticut. 

Providence, 18th November, 177G. 
Sir : — I enclose you a copy of a letter from Major General Lee, which I received last 
night ; you will observe the contents. 

I could request Your Honor to be pleased to make every necessary preparation U) 
to give such assistance to this state in case of an attack, as you can afford. I doubt 
not, sir, if needed, but you will cheerfully lend us all the aid in your power. 

I am, &c., &c, NICHOLAS COOKE. 

To Governor Trumbull. 

[A similar letter was written by Governor Cooke to the General Court of the Mas 
sachusetts Bay.] 

Gen. Lee to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Camp North Castle, November 14th, 1776. 

Dear Sir : — There is no doubt of a considerable force being embarked, or about to 
embark, on Staten Island. They give out that South Carolina is the place of their des- 
tination ; but as it is not impossible, or improbable, that they may have some designs 
against Rhode Island, either on a pillaging scheme, or perhaps with a view of establish- 
ing winter quarters for a part of the troops, as they find themselves straightened at New 
York, I think it my duty to apprize Your Honor of their preparations, that you may be 
upon your guard, either by removing your stock, fortifying yourselves or, in short, by 
taking such measures as your wisdom shall dictate for the welfare of America, and your 
particular security. 

I beg you to give my respects to the gentlemen of your Council, to the province at 
large, and that you will personally be assured that I am, dear sir, 

Your most obedient servant, 

CHARLES LEE. 

To His Excellency Governor Cooke. 



Gen. Lee to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Camp Phillipsburg, 27th November, 1776. 

Sir : — As the whole fate of America depends on the speedy completion of the new 
army, all considerations ought undoubtedly to be postponed to this object. 

The officers, and indeed it must necessarily be so, are of opinion that nothing impedes 
the recruiting of the army so much, as the present rage for privateering ; that unless 
this is in some measure checked, it is vain to expect any success. 



56 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAM) [DEC. 

I would, therefore, humbly refer to your consideration whether it is not expedient to 
lay a temporary embargo on privateering until the regiments of each state are com- 
pleted. Our situation is so delicate and alarming, and the absolute necessity of the 
army being raised without delay, so obvious, that you will at least excuse the liberty 
I take in proposing the only mode which occurs to me. 

I am, sir, with the greatest respect, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

CHARLES LEE. 
To the Hon. Nicholas Cooke, Esq., Governor of the state of Rhode Island. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at East Greenwich, on Tues- 
day, the 10M day of December, 1776. 

The Hon. Nicholas Cooke, Governor. 

The Hon. William Bradford, Deputy Governor. 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that for the future, His Honor 
the Governor and Deputy Governor, for the time being, and 
three assistants, or His Honor the Governor, or in his ab- 
sence, the Deputy Governor, with four assistants, shall con- 
stitute a quorum of the upper house of Assembly; and that 
twenty-one deputies shall constitute a quorum of the lower 
house of Assembly of this state ; any law, custom or usage 
to the contrary, notwithstanding. 

Whereas, a large body of the enemy have taken posses- 
sion of the island of Rhode Island, and are endeavoring to 
penetrate the country ; so that it has become necessary, for 
the public utility of this state, that a council of war be im- 
mediately appointed. 

Therefore, voted and resolved, that His Honor the Gov- 
ernor, His Honor the Deputy Governor, the Honorable Ste- 
phen Hopkins, Esq., Ambrose Page, Esq., Mr. John Tanner, 
John Dexter, Esq., the Honorable Joshua Babcock, Esq., Mr. 
Cromel Child, the Honorable William Greene, Esq., and 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 57 

Henry Ward, Esq., be, and they are hereby, appointed a 
council of war. 

That they, or any five of them, are fully empowered to 
do, act and transact, all and every thing and matter for the 
well-being and security of this state, and the United States, 
in general. 

That they make and ordain all such rules, orders and reg- 
ulations, for the well-governing, ordering, disciplining, cloth- 
ing and supplying the army, now raised, or that may be 
raised by this state, and the other neighboring states in 
conjunction (if such an army should be so raised), as to 
them shall seem right and just ; and that all such rules, 
orders and regulations, by them made in the recess of the 
General Assembly, shall be of as full force and authority, to 
all intents and purposes, as though made and passed by this 
General Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor be 
requested to write to the states of New Hampshire, Massa- 
chusetts Bay and Connecticut, enclosing the resolve of this 
General Assembly, appointing a council of war, and request- 
ing that each of said states appoint a committee to meet on 
the 23d of this instant, or as much sooner as possible, in the 
town of Providence, in this state, with said council of war, 
to confer upon the expediency of raising an army, for im- 
mediate defence against the British fleet and army now 
within this state, whereby the militia ma}* be relieved ; and 
in general, to consult upon every measure necessary to be 
taken for the support of the common cause. 

It is voted and resolved, that the militia of the town of 
Little Compton be forthwith removed, and stationed within 
said town, in such places as Col. Thomas Church shall 
direct; and that the said Thomas Church procure such 
boats as shall be necessary for guarding the sea-coast of said 
town. 

It is voted and resolved, that Col. John Mathewson de- 
liver to Mr. Henry Wall two half-barrels of powder for the 

VOL. VIII, 8 



58 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC. 

town of South Kingstown; and two half-barrels for the town 
of North Kingstown. 

It is voted and resolved, that it be, and it is hereby, re- 
commended to the inhabitants on Boston Neck and Point 
Judith, forthwith to remove their grain, hay and stock, from 
said Boston Neck and Point Judith ; and upon their neg- 
lecting so to do, the Colonels Noyes, Sands and Stanton, 
they, and each of them, with the troops under their com- 
mand, are hereby ordered immediately to remove the same 
to such places as they shall judge best, and most safe, and 
place them out to be kept in the best manner they may be 
able, which shall be at the proper and only expense of the 
proprietors of said grain, stock and hay ; and said grain, 
stock and hay shall be liable therefor ; and a sufficient part, 
thereof, shall be withheld by this state, until the charge, 
thereof, be satisfied and paid. 

That the troops of horse from Connecticut, and in this 
state, be stationed in the county of King's county, at and 
near Boston Neck and Point Judith ; and they are required 
to aid and assist in guarding the shores, and in driving off 
and removing said grain, stock and hay ; and the said 
Colonels Noyes, Sands and Stanton are hereby required to 
secure all the boats upon the coast in King's county, and 
place them in such parts as may be most for the general 
safety, and the public service. 

It is voted and resolved, that Henry Marchant, Jonathan 
Arnold and Thomas Wells, Esqs., and Messrs. Sylvester 
Child and Thomas Holden, be, and they are hereby, ap- 
pointed a committee, they, or the major part of them, to 
draw a bill for fixing the prices of all necessary supplies for 
the army, within or without this state, and the inhabitants, 
thereof; and that they make report, thereof, to this Assem- 
bly, at the next session, or as much sooner, as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that two regiments, consisting of 
seven hundred and fifty men each ; and one regiment of artil- 
lery, consisting of five companies of sixty men each, be forth 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 59 

with raised, for the defence of this, and the other United 
States. 

That Theodore Foster and Daniel Rodman, Esqs., with 
the secretary of this state, be a committee, to draught a bill 
for that purpose ; and that they make report as soon as 
may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Jenckes be, and 
and he is hereby, empowered to purchase the goods which 
were brought into Providence, in the prize vessel called the 
Friendship, that were stopped by this state, of the agent 
and owners of the private sloop-of-war which captured the 
same, on the best terms possible, in behalf of the government. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, 
chose the following officers, to wit : 

Assistants and Militia Officers Chosen. 

Ebenezer Slocum, captain ; Daniel Deval, lieutenant ; and 
Jacob Soule, ensign, of the second company of inilitia in the 
town of Tiverton. 

John Jenckes, Esq., fifth assistant, in the room of John 
Jepson, Esq., who is now upon the island of Rhode Island, 
which is possessed by the enemy. 

Daniel Cahoon, Esq., fifth assistant, in the room of the 
said John Jenckes, Esq., who refused, engaged. 

It is voted and resolved, that one company of militia of 
the town of Westerly, and one company of militia of the 
town of Charlestown, be removed from South Kingstown, 
and be stationed hi their respective towns. 

It is voted and resolved, that Col. Joseph Noyes and Col. 
Ray Sands, be directed forthwith to accompany tlie troops 
of horse stationed at Boston Neck and Point Judith ; and 
that they procure convenient quarters for said troops as 
nigh said places as possible. 

It is voted and resolved, that this state will purchase of 
His Honor the Governor, and Mr. John Brown, the flour 



60 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DeC, 

they have to dispose of, at thirty shillings, lawful money, 
for every hundred weight ; that His Honor the Deputy 
Governor, receive the flour of Mr. John Brown, or his 
order, at Bedford ; that Col. Samuel Aborn, receive of His 
Honor the Governor, at Pawtuxet, the flour he has to dispose 
of; and that they draw orders for the same, at the rate, 
aforesaid, on the o-eneral treasurer. 

It is voted and resolved, that Peter Phillips, Esq., be, and 
he is hereby, directed to deliver to Jonathan Haszard, Esq., 
all such clothing as he hath now in his hands, that said 
Haszard shall think necessary for the two battalions now 
raising by this state, for the Continental service ; and that 
said Haszard be, and he is hereby, directed to send said 
clothing forward to the western Army. 

Whereas, it hath been represented unto this Assembly, 
by Daniel Rodman, Esq., that a considerable quantity of 
woolens and flannels, which were bought and paid for, by 
Metcalfe Bowler, Esq., for the use of this state, are nigh the 
South Ferry, in South Kingstown, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the said Daniel 
Rodman, together with the committees of safety for Kings 
county, be, and they are hereby, empoAvered to procure the 
same to be forthwith made up into such clothing as they may 
think most necessary for the soldiers of this state ; and that 
the same be supplied and delivered to the soldiers, at the 
first cost, by the committees of safety, aforesaid. 

It is voted and resolved, that the Colonels Noyes, Sands 
and Stanton, be, and they are hereby, empowered and di- 
rected to take up and confine all such persons, as shall in a 
wilful manner oppose the order of this Assembly, with re- 
spect to removing grain, hay and stock off from Boston 
Neck and Point Judith, and as soon as may be, convey them 
to some interior part of this state, and keep them under a 
sufficient guard, until an order of this Assembly can be 
made respecting them ; and that one regiment of troops be 
ordered to Kings county, who, together with the troops and 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 61 

cavalry already ordered and stationed there, are hereby di- 
rected to afford every assistance necessary to carry this re- 
solve into execution. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor 
be, and he is hereby, empowered to grant commissions for 
privateers, or letters of marque and reprisal, to any for- 
eigners who may apply for the same ; they first giving 
bond, with sufficient sureties from any of the United States, 
for their due observance of the resolves of Congress, and 
acts of this state, respecting privateers and letters of marque 
and reprisal ; any law, custom or usage, to the contrary, 
notwithstanding. 

An Act for raising, embodying, supplying and paying, two 
regiments of infantry, each consisting of seven hundred 
and fifty men ; and a regiment or train of artillery, con- 
sisting of three hundred men, for the defence of the 
United States, in general, and of this state, in particular. 
Whereas, our enemies have invaded this state, with a 
powerful armament, and are now in possession of the island 
of Rhode Island, whereby we are imminently exposed to 
still more hostile attacks, which renders it necessary that a 
considerable addition be made to the forces of this state, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof it is enacted, that two regiments of in- 
fantry, each consisting of seven hundred and fifty men, 
including officers ; as also a regiment of artillery, consisting 
of three hundred men, officers included, be immediately 
raised, for the defence of the United States, in general; and 
of this state, in particular. 

That the said three regiments be formed into one brigade, 
under the command of a general. 

That each regiment be commanded by one colonel, one 
lieutenant colonel, and one major. 

That there be appointed for each regiment one adjutant, 
one surgeon and one surgeon's mate. 



62 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAM) [DeC. 

That each of the regiments of infantry consist of eight 
companies, which shall be commanded by one captain, two 
lieutenants and one ensign. 

And that the said regiment of artillery consist of five 
companies, which shall be commanded by one captain, and 
such other officers as shall be hereafter appointed. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
each able bodied, effective man, who shall enlist himself 
into either of said regiments, shall be furnished with one 
blanket, a knapsack, a gun, bayonet, cartouch-box and 
canteen ; and that he be allowed £6, lawful money, as a 
bounty. 

And if any man, who shall enlist himself, as aforesaid, 
shall furnish himself with a gun, bayonet, cartouch-box, 
blanket, knapsack and canteen, he shall be allowed therefor, 
the sums following, that is to say : 

Eighteen shillings for a gun, bayonet and cartouch-box ; 
twenty-four shillings for a blanket ; four shillings and six- 
pence, for a knapsack ; and two shillings for a canteen. 

And if any man, who shall be enlisted into either of said 
regiments, shall not be approved of by the muster-master of 
the regiment into which he may be enlisted, all sum or 
sums of money which he shall have received, shall be de- 
ducted from the wages of the officer who shall enlist him. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
each officer appointed in said regiments, shall be entitled to, 
and receive, the same wages as officers of the same rank in 
the Continental service ; and that every person who shall 
enlist as a soldier into either of said regiments, shall be al- 
lowed and paid as wages, £3, per month. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
each able-bodied man, who shall enlist himself into either of 
said regiments, shall be allowed twelve shillings per week, 
after enlistment, and before they shall be embodied ; and 
that they be embodied within one week after they shall be 
enlisted. 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 63 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the officers and soldiers engaged, as aforesaid, shall receive 
their pay monthly. 

That each soldier be paid one month's wages in advance, 
upon enlistment ; and that six shillings, lawful money, be 
allowed and paid to every officer, for every able-bodied and 
effective man, who shall be enlisted by him into either of 
said regiments. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the officers and soldiers, when embodied, as aforesaid, shall 
be under the same rules, orders and regulations, as those of 
the Continental army ; and that each field-officer and captain 
be furnished with printed copies, thereof. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
each soldier be enlisted by signing the following enlistment, 
to wit : 

Form of Enlistment for the Soldiers. 

" I, the subscriber, do hereby solemnly engage and enlist my- 
self as a soldier, in the pay of the state of Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations, for the preservation of the liberties 
of America, and the defence of the United States in general, 
and of this state, in particular, from the day of my enlist- 
ment during the term of fifteen months, unless sooner dis- 
charged by this General Assembly ; and I hereby promise 
to submit myself to all the orders and regulations of the 
army, and faithfully to observe and obey all such orders 
as I shall receive from time to time, from my officers." 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
no officer or soldier be arrested, prosecuted or detained in 
jail, for any debt, whatsover, less than <£15, lawful money, 
due to one creditor ; and that every apprentice who shall 
enlist into either of said regiments, shall be entitled to, and 
receive, the whole of his bounty and wages. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 



64 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC. 

a quartermaster be appointed to each regiment, to supply 
the said troops with clothing and other necessaries as shall 
be provided by this state, for the use of said regiments, at 
such prices as shall be established by this Assembly, or by 
the council of war, appointed to act in the recess, thereof. 

Provided, said quartermaster deliver nothing to any sol- 
dier without an order from the captain, or commanding offi- 
cer of the company, for the time being, to which such 
soldier belongs ; and that no order be drawn on the quar- 
termaster for any sum exceeding the wages which shall be 
then due to the soldier applying for the same. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, made 
choice of the following officers, to wit : 

Officers chosen for the two Regiments. 

James Mitchell Varnum, Esq., brigadier general of all the 
forces now raised, or to be raised, within this state. 

Monsieur Francois Lellorquis De Malmedy, chief engineer 
and director of the works of defence within this state, with 
the rank of brigadier general. 

John Cooke, Esq., colonel of one of the regiments of in- 
fantry now ordered to be raised for fifteen months. 

Benjamin Talman, Esq., lieutenant colonel of the same 
regiment. 

William Bradford, Jr., Esq., major of the same regiment. 

Joseph Stanton, Jr., Esq., colonel of the other regiment of 
infantry, now ordered to be raised for fifteen months. 

Archibald Crary, Esq., lieutenant colonel of the same 
regiment. 

William Barton, Esq., major of the same regiment. 

Robert Elliott, Esq., colonel ; William Wall, Esq., lieuten- 
ant colonel ; and Job Pierce, Esq., major, of the regiment of 
the train of artillery. 

Ebenezer Adams, Gideon Westcott, Jabez Westcott, Jr., 
Samuel Sweet and John Tillinghast, captains of the several 
companies in the regiment of the train of artillery. 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 65 

Jonathan Clarke, Esq., linguist to Brigadier General De 
Malmedy, with the rank and pay of a major. 

Abimelech Riggs, Caleb Carr, Reuben Ballon, James 
Williams, James Parker and Thomas Allin, captains in Col. 
Cooke's regiment. 

Joseph Nightingale, Esq., major general of the militia of 
this state, in the room of Joshua Babcock, Esq., who is ap- 
pointed one of the council of war. 

Thomas Thompson, Royzel Smith, Malachi Hammett, 
George Thurston, Jr.. Peleg Slocum and William Roy, cap- 
tains in Col. Stanton's regiment. 

Henry Alexander, first lieutenant in Captain Riggs's 
company. 

Ebenezer Macomber, first lieutenant in Captain Carrs 
company. 

Squire Fiske, first lieutenant in Capt. Ballous company. 

Jacob Belknap, first lieutenant in Captain Williams's 
company. 

Benjamin Church, first lieutenant in Captain Parker's 
company. 

William Lawless, first lieutenant in Captain Allin's 
company. 

Peleg Berry, first lieutenant in Captain Thompson's 
company. 

William Coon, Jr., first lieutenant in Captain Smith's 
company. 

Micah Whitmarsh, first lieutenant in Captain Hammett's 
company. 

Beriah Lewis, first lieutenant in Captain Thurston's 
company. 

Benjamin Gorton, second lieutenant in Captain Williams's 
company. 

Edward Crandall, second lieutenant in Captain Smith's 
company. 

It is voted and resolved, that the general treasurer be, 
and he is hereby, empowered to hire, in behalf of this .state, 
£30.000, lawful money, at and after the rate of four per 

VOL- VIII. V 



fi6 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC, 

cent., per annum ; and that he give his notes, therefor, pay- 
able on demand. 

It is voted and resolved, that three shillings per day, be 
allowed to every person who appeared without arms in the 
late alarm, upon their producing a certificate from their re- 
spective town councils, that they were unable to furnish 
themselves. 

It is voted and resolved, that each and every soldier of 
the independent companies, and companies of militia ; and 
the soldiers upon the alarm list, who have been upon actual 
duty upon the late alarm within this state, properly 
equipped as by law required, shall be entitled to, and re- 
ceive, three shillings per clay, for each and every day they 
have been, and shall continue, in actual service ; and that 
each and every officer who hath been upon duty, as afore- 
said, shall have his wages augmented in the same propor- 
tion as the soldiers are; that is, fifty per cent. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sheriff of the county of 
Bristol, be, and he is hereby, directed to take possession, in 
behalf of this state, of the real estates in said county, be- 
longing to William Vassal, Isaac Royal and Thomas Palmer, 
Esqs., who are suspected of being enemies to the United 
States. 

That the sheriff for the county of Providence take posses- 
sion of two horses belonging to said Vassal, now in Providence ; 
and that Messrs. John Waldron and Matthew Cushing render 
an account to this Assembly, at their next session, of the goods 
in their possession, belonging to either of the aforenamed 
persons ; and the commanding officer in the county of Bris- 
tol, is directed to cut as much wood off said estates as shall 
be wanted for the use of the troops stationed in the towns of 
Bristol and Warren ; keeping an account of the quantity, 
and making as little waste as possible. 

And it is further resolved, that the estate of John Borland, 
deceased, in said county of Bristol, be also taken possession 
of by the said sheriff, in behalf of this state ; and that Mr. 
Nathaniel Pierce, who has improved said estate, account 



1770.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 67 

with the treasurer, forthwith, for the rents and profits of said 
estate, now in his hands. 

It is voted and resolved, that the alarm-list, in each town 
within this state, be embodied into a separate company, to 
be led by one captain, two lieutenants and one ensign, to 
be chosen by the company so embodied. 

That said company do equip themselves, and be commis- 
sioned by His Honor the Governor ; and that the officers, 
aforesaid, take rank with the several independent companies 
within this state, and do duty, accordingly. 

Whereas, Simeon Potter, Esq., one of the assistants of 
this state, hath neglected to attend this Assembly, for sev- 
eral sessions, last past ; and whereas, it is necessary, in the 
present critical situation of our public affairs, that the mem- 
bers of the Assembly should give their attendance, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that Mr. Cromel Child, 
be, and he is hereby, appointed to wait on the said Simeon 
Potter, Esq. ; that he request him to render his reasons for 
absenting himself from this Assembly ; and that he give his 
attendance, if he see fit, at the next session of this Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee of safety pay 
the accounts that may be presented to them, for victualling 
and lodging the troops that have inarched to the assistance 
of this state, upon the late alarm, if the same appear to 
them just and reasonable ; and that they allow one shilling 
for a meal, and twopence for a night's lodging. 

It is voted and resolved, that the act permitting inocula- 
tion within this state, be, and the same is hereby, repealed. 

That the civil authority use their utmost endeavors that 
all offenders against former acts, respecting the spreading 
infectious diseases, be brought to condign punishment, agree- 
ably to the penalties annexed to the breach of said acts. 

That this resolve be in force two days after the rising of 
this Assembly ; and that it be published in the next Provi- 
dence Gazette. 

Whereas, Brigadier General Malmedy hath represented 
unto this Assembly, that on the 19th day of September last, 



68 RECORDS OF THE Si' ATE OF RHODE ISLAND [Dec, 

he was, by order of Congress, appointed in the Continental 
service, and in which he hath continued until the 13th of 
December current, when he arrived in the town of Provi- 
dence ; that exclusive of his pay and rations received, there, 
still remains a balance in his favor, of the sum of $45, for 
which he requested this Assembly to order him payment ; 
and the same being duly considered, — - 

It is voted and resolved, that the aforesaid sum of $45, 
be paid unto the said General Malmedy, by either of the 
committee of safety, within this state. 

God save the United States of America, 

Gen. Schuyler to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Saratoga, December 3d, 1776. 

Sir : — The term of enlistment of the troops that now garrison Ticonderoga, Fort 
George, &c., will expire on the last day of this month ; and I fear they cannot be pre- 
vailed upon to remain there after that. 

It is therefore of the utmost consequence, that troops should be expedited to this 
department the soonest possible; and agreeably to the enclosed resolution of Congress, 
I do myself the honor to entreat you to order such parts of each regiment to be raised 
in your state, for this department, as can be got ready to march, so as that they may 
arrive at Albany by the latter end of this month. 

As it is impossible to prevent the enemy from gaining intelligence of what passes in 
this quarter, should the troops now at Ticonderoga leave it before others come up to 
relieve them, General Carlton will doubtless take the advantage of it, and possess him* 
self of that important post ; and what the consequences would be, are easily conceived. 

I do not therefore doubt but that every exertion will be made by your state to hasten 
on the troops- I am, sir, Very respectfully, 

Your obedient, humble, servant, 

PH. SCHUYLER. 

To the Honorable Governor Cooke, &c, &Ci 

Artemas Ward, of Massachusetts, to the Governor of Rhode Island, 

Boston, 3d December, 177(5. 

Sir : — Your favor of this day,* I have just received, informing me that you apprehend 
an attack from the enemy. 

As the most of the troops that have been stationed here, are dismissed, it is not in 
my power, at present, to afford you any assistance- This state has ordered a part of 
the militia of three counties to march to your assistance, which I hope will be a suffi- 
cient reinforcement. I shall be ready at all times to afford your state all the assistance 
in my power. i am, sir, your obedient, humble servant, 

ARTEMAS WARD. 

To the Hon. Nicholas Cooke, Esq. 

* The letter of Governor Cooke to Artemas Ward, here referred to, is not found in the public 
archive?. 



1776,] 



AND PBOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS, 60 



Commodore Hopkins to the Governor of Rhode Island, 

Providence, December 4th, 1776. 
( Jentlemen : — 1 received your resolve of this day, and note the contents of It. I now 
let you know I have long had orders from the honorable marine committee to get all 
the vessels out as soon as I could man them. 

I should he glad that your honorable board would devise some way to compel! 
their men to enlist ; and likewise someway that the great number of deserters may be 
sent on board, a considerable number of whom are now in this state. 

I am, gentlemen, your most obedient, humble servant, 

ESEK HOPKINS. 
To the Honorable Nicholas Cooke, Esq., Governor of the 
state of Rhode Island ; to be laid before the committee 
of said state. 

Resolve of the Committee of Safety of the State of Rhode Island. 

Unanimously resolved, by all the members of the upper and lower houses of Assem- 
bly, now present, to wit : 

His Honor the Governor, and three of his Council, and eleven members of the Gen* 
eral Assembly, that we will, and do hereby, advise Commodore Hopkins, with the 
Continental vessels under his command, within any of the harbors of this state, to put 
to sea as soon as he thinks the same can be done with safety. 

A copy of an order of part of the committee appointed to act in the recess of the As- 
sembly, in December, 1776. HENRY WARD, Secretary. 

The Governor of Rhode Island to Commodore Hopkins. 

Providence, December 4th, 1776. 

Commodore Hopkins, Sir : — Yours, of this date, is before us; by which, we observe 
you have orders from the honorable marine committee, to get all the vessels under* 
your command out as soon as 3 - ou could man them : and as you request of us to devise 
some method to complete the same, we do assure you that nothing in our power, in a 
constitutional way, shall be wanting to effect so desirable an object, as the sailing of 
the new frigates ; and recommend that the strictest punctuality be attended to : that 
every man in the naval department be, as soon as possible, paid off both his wages and 
shares of all prizes heretofore taken ; which will be a great inducement for other men 
to engage in the service. 

We are not now a committee, but as soon as we are, make no doubt we shall resolve 
that all the officers both civil and military, within this state, give every assistance in 
their power to your officers, to get their men on board ; and hope more care will be 
taken to keep them there, till the ships sail, than has been heretofore used ; and if you 
have not a full complement of men to attack ships of any considerable force, we think 
it advisable, if you have a sufficient number to navigate the ships with safety round 
into Boston Bay, to join the Continental ships there, that you immediately proceed. 

We make no doubt that the state of the Massachusetts Bay Would assist the comple- 
tion of your complement of men in a more speedy manner than 'tis in the power of 
this small state to do (whose men are already so greatly exhausted) ; if not, they will 
then be in a place of safety, and may be rendered serviceable whenever fully manned ; 



70 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC. 

which if they remain here, cannot he, provided this harhor is blockaded, which is 
hourly expected. 

All the deserters from your ships that can be found in this state, shall be taken 
up, and sent to you, to Boston, if you think proper to go there. 

I am, &c, NICHOLAS COOKE. 

To Commodore Hopkins. 

The. Governor of Connecticut to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Lebanon, 4th December, 1774, \ 
Half-past 9 o'clock, A. M. ( 
Sir : — This moment, I received under cover with mine, the enclosed, for President 
Bowdoin, of the Massachusetts ; coming open to me, have enclosed it to you, to observe 
the contents, to seal and forward immediately by express. 

General Lee was crossing the ferry nigh Peck's Hill, the 1st December, going into 
the Jerseys. Rogers, the famous, or rather infamous Rogers, who commanded the 
Rangers in the British service, is disgraced. 

This state have declined meeting by commissioners at Providence, to consider and 
join in measures for securing the bills of credit current in the states, against depreciat- 
ing. The reasons were, that the Honorable Continental Congress were taking up the 
subject, and the fears Ave had that such a step Avould occasion jealousies in the other 
states, and endanger so cordial a union. 

This state have made the Continental, and its own bills of credit, a legal tender in 
all payments, and in the treasury. 

A tax of sevenpence on the pound, in the public list, is made payable the 10th of 
May next. The collecting warrants are now out ; the prices of the most essential arti- 
cles are fixed, and an embargo laid on them. We wish to assist all in Our power for 1 
securing the rights of the United States. 

I am, with great truth and regard, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

JONA. TRUMBULL. 
To the Honorable Governor Cooke. 

Commodore Hopkins to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Providence, December 5th, 177& 

Sir:— Yours, of yesterday, I have just received; and I shall take it for granted, 
that you will take every legal method to forward the manning of the ships ; and as to 
what you infer with respect to the wages and prize money, I must now let you know 
that I am not agent or paymaster ; that I have nothing to do in that matter, further 
than to use my influence that right be done to every man in the navy. 

I have no knowledge of any fraud in any officer under my command, and I believe 
there is none. 

I shall caution the officers to take care to keep the men on board ; although I believe 
the greatest part of the desertion was before they ever came on board ; and as to what 
you seem to desire, that the ships should go round to Boston, my orders will not admit 
of such a step ; and if they would, I can see but little prospect of getting men there, as 
I am well assured, that if one of the ships there had been manned, she would have 
sailed before now. I am, sir, yours, and the members of the Assembly's 

Most humble servant, ESEK HOPKINS. 

To the Honorable Nicholas Cooke, Esq., to be laid 
before such members as he may think fit. 



1776.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 71 



The Governor of Rhode Island to the Members of the General As- 
sembly in Bristol County. 



Providence, December 11th, 1770. 

Gentlemen: — The absolute necessity of the General Assembly's meeting at this 
time, is so very obvious, that it is needless for me to mention particulars. 

The forces that are already arrived in this state, make it necessary that suitable 
provision be made for them. Committees must be appointed to meet delegates from 
the neighboring states, in order that proper magazines be established for the support 
of the army ; indeed the very many and important things to be transacted at this 
critical tame, will not admit of excuse from any member of either house. 

I must therefore most earnestly entreat that His Honor the Deputy Governor, Mr. 
Potter, Mr. Sayles, Mr. Church, together with every member of each house of As- 
sembly in Bristol county, do immediately come to Providence ; which if they do, we 
shall be able to constitute a house ; the most of the members who met this day at 
Greenwich, have concluded to come here, and some of them have arrived. 

Gentlemen, pray do not neglect coming, as the occasion is so very pressing ; you 
may easily conceive the disadvantages that will occur at this time, if there are not 
sufficient members to make a house. I am, gentlemen, &c, 

NICHOLAS COOKE. 

To the members of the General Assembly in Bristol county. 



The General Assembly of Rhode Island to the States of Massachu- 
setts, Connecticut and New Hampshire. 

State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations : j 
In General Assembly. \ 

Providence, December 13th, 1776. 

Honorable Gentlemen : — We have not as yet, perfect intelligence of the force of the 
enemy upon Rhode Island ; but by the best accounts we have been able to collect, 
their numbers do not exceed eight, nor fall short of five thousand men. 

The militia of the Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut, with a spirit and an ardor 
that does them honor, have marched to our assistance ; and with the militia of this 
state, amount to between six and seven thousand, who are at present posted in many 
different places round the bay, but without form ; not having a leader, nor any general 
plan of offence or defence. 

In this situation of affairs, being sensible that, although the blow hath first fallen upon 
ns, the safety of New England, and perhaps the fate of America, depends upon establishing 
an army with the utmost expedition, capable of opposing that body of the enemy, which 
hath taken possession of Rhode Island ; and fully convinced that the authority of this 
state will prove inadequate to the giving form to, and regulating an army collected from, 
the different states ; and to the directing of their operations. 

We have appointed a council of war, with full power to exert the force of this state, 
in concurrence with committees that may be appointed from the other New England 
states, in the necessary measures for the common defence. 



72 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC, 

We transmit you, by express, a copy of the vote, not doubting your immediate at- 
tention to this important object, and the most vigorous exertions of the powers of your 
state, for the public safety. We are, honorable gentlemen, 

Your most obedient, humble servants. 
Signed at the request and in behalf of the General Assembly. 

NICHOLAS COOKE. 
To the Honorable General Court of the Massachusetts Bay, 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, on Monday, 
the 2ocl day of December, 1776. 

The Hon. Nicholas Cooke, Governor. 

The Hon. William Bradford, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that it be, and hereby is, recom- 
mended to Daniel Tillinghast, Esq., Continental agent in this 
state, to supply Major General Lincoln with such Conti- 
nental stores as are in his custody, and are necessary for 
the troops under the command of the said Major General 
Lincoln. 

Whereas, it hath been represented to this Assembly, that 
James Joseph Halleen, a French gentleman, now in this 
state, hath purchased a schooner, which is now within this 
state, and is desirous of proceeding with her to one of the 
French West India islands. — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that he be permitted 
to proceed with said vessel, manned only with Frenchmen, 
on said voyage ; and that he take on board hoops, shingles, 
and two hundred shaken casks, under the direction of His 
Honor the Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that Capt, David Gifford be per- 
mitted to proceed with a flag of truce to Rhode Island, un- 
der the direction of His Honor the Governor, upon his 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 73 

procuring three prisoners of war to exchange for three 
soldiers lately belonging to his company, and now detained 
as prisoners on said island. 

It is voted and resolved, that the inhabitants of Point Ju- 
dith and Boston Neck forthwith remove the grain and one- 
eighth of the hay from the said Point Judith and Boston 
Neck, to such places as the commanding officers, who are there 
stationed, shall direct ; and that they remove their stock 
upon the approach of the enemy, to such places as their hay 
shall be removed to ; any resolve of this Assembly, to the 
contrary hereof, notwithstanding. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, made 
choice of the following officers, to wit : 

Officers Chosen for the Militia. 

Oliver Spink, ensign of the first company of militia, in 
Exeter, in the room of Henry Reynolds, who refused. 

Phineas Kinyon, captain of the third company of militia, 
in Exeter, in the room of Daniel Barber, who refused to 
sign the test, 

Azariah Crandall, lieutenant of said company, in the room 
of Phineas Kinyon, advanced. 

Robert. Potter, ensign, of the first company of militia in the 
town of Johnston, in the room of James Fenner, removed 
out of town. 

Thomas Clarke, major of the second regiment of militia, 
in Kings county. 

Smith Bowen, lieutenant of the company of militia, in the 
town of Warren, in the room of John Ormsbee, who has left 
the government. 

Curtis Cole, ensign of said company, in the room of Smith 
Bowen, advanced. 

Peter Wright, captain ; and Sylvester Peirce, ensign, of 
the first company in North Kingstown. 

Asaph Bennet, captain of the fourth company of militia, 



74 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC. 

in the town of Coventry, in the room of Joseph Whipple, 
who hath resigned. 

Samuel Parker, ensign of said company, in the room of 
Asaph Bennet, advanced. 

Benjamin Tallman, Esq., colonel of the first regiment in 
the brigade, ordered to be raised at the last session, in the 
room of Col. John Cooke, who has resigned. 

Christopher Smith, Esq., lieutenant colonel of said regiment. 

Cyprian Sterry and Reuben Wightman, captains, in Col. 
Tallman's regiment. 

James Albro (in the room of George Thurston, Jr., who 
has resigned) ; Josiah Gibbs (in the room of William Boy, 
who has resigned); Benjamin West and Nathaniel Hawkins, 
captains in Col. Stanton's regiment. 

It is voted and resolved, that the clerk of the inferior 
court of common pleas and general sessions of the peace, 
for the county of Newport, be, and he is hereby, directed to 
remove the records, files, &c, of said court, from Warren 
(where they now are), to some safer place, farther distant from 
Rhode Island, as soon as conveniently may be ; agreeably 
to such advice as shall be given him by the deputies of the 
town of Warren. 

It is voted and resolved, that, twenty-five cords of wood 
be the proportion of that article to be furnished by James 
Angell, Esq., for the use of the troops now in the town of 
Providence ; and upon his delivering that quantity, that he 
be excused from any further demands for wood, for the pur- 
pose, aforesaid, until the other owners of wood, in the 
vicinity of said town, have furnished in the same propor- 
tion ; and that what he has already delivered for the use of 
said troops, be considered as part of his proportion, as 
aforesaid. 

Whereas, the council of war, on the 21st day of Decem- 
ber current, passed a resolve for retaining the provisions, 
suitable for the army ; and the rum and other spirituous 
liquors (wine only excepted), within the town of Provi- 



1770.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 75 

dence ; and whereas, it is found said resolve hath been at- 
tended with many inconveniences, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the same be, and 
hereby is, repealed. 

Whereas, the act made and passed at the last session of 
this Assembly, permitting and directing the alarm list or 
men, to form themselves into companies, choose their own 
officers, and that their officers should rank as those of 
the independent companies, may admit of various con- 
structions : 

Wherefore, to prevent any uneasiness or difficulty arising 
on that account, — 

Resolved, that it was, and now is, the meaning and inten- 
tion of this Assembly, that the officers of said companies, in 
all courts martial and councils of war, shall hold the rank of 
like officers in the independent companies ; that at all times 
of general alarm, and on general field-days, they be under 
the command and direction of the field officers of the regi- 
ments within whose districts they respectively live ; and 
that at all other times they are to meet with, and be under 
the command of the officers of their own companies. 

And it is further resolved, that until the alarm-men, in 
each town have formed themselves into companies, as afore- 
said, and elected their officers, and returned their names to 
the Governor, in order to be commissioned, they be under 
the command of their respective militia officers, in the same 
manner they were, before the passing of the said act ; any 
thing therein contained, to the contrary, notwithstanding. 

And it is further resolved, that there shall be thirty-two 
men, at the least (exclusive of officers), in order to entitle 
them to the privileges of a separate company ; and that 
this act be printed, and a copy thereof sent by the secretary 
to each town clerk in the state, as soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sum of £40,000, be 
hired by this state, for the use, thereof; that the general 
treasurer be, and he is hereby, directed to give his notes, 
therefor ; that no sum less than £10, be received, or note 



76 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC. 

given therefor ; that said notes run payable to , or 

order, within two years from the date, with interest at six 
per cent, per annum, until paid ; and for the punctual pay- 
ment of said notes, — 

It is further voted and resolved, that this Assembly will, 
within the term of two years, assess and levy upon the rata- 
ble estates and polls of the inhabitants within the same, or 
upon such parts, thereof, as a tax may practicably be laid, a 
sufficient sum or sums, to pay the same, with the interest ; 
and that, if it shall appear impracticable to levy any tax, 
therefor, within the said time, the possessors of said notes shall 
be entitled, after the time limited for the payment thereof, to 
receive such interest as shall then be the usual interest 
allowed by the United States, in general. 

And it is further resolved, that the form of the notes be 
as follows, viz. : 

Form of the Notes to be given by the Treasurer. 

" State of Ehode Island and 
Providence Plantations. 
By virtue of an act of said state, and as general treasurer 

thereof, for value received, I promise to pay , or 

order, pounds, lawful money, within two years from 

the date hereof, with interest at six per cent, per annum, 

for the same, until paid. Witness my hand, this day 

of A. D. 177— ." 

It is voted and resolved, that Daniel Rodman and Jabez 
Bowen, Esqs., be, and they are hereby, appointed a commit- 
tee, to inquire of the commissaries, now here from the 
neighboring states, the allowance of provision and necessa- 
ries to the said soldiers in Continental service, and that they 
make report to this Assembly, as soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that the general treasurer be, 
and he is hereby, appointed to superintend the printing of 
the notes, ordered at this session to be printed. 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 77 

This Assembly having requested a conference with the 
other states of New England, at Providence, who have ac- 
cordingly appointed committees, but with other powers and 
authorities than are given by this state, and consisting of a 
less number, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the Honorable 
William Bradford, Esq., the Honorable Stephen Hopkins, 
Esq. and Henry Ward, Esq., be, and they are hereby, appointed 
a committee, to confer with the committees of the states of 
Massachusetts Bay, Connecticut and New Hampshire, now 
convened in this state, upon the expediency of raising and 
appointing an army, for the more immediate defence of the 
New England states, against the threatened invasion, as well 
as for the more general defence in the common cause ; and 
of such regulations as may be necessary to support the 
credit of our currencies, to prevent the oppressing the sol- 
diers, and inhabitants, by extravagant prices ; and in general, 
of every measure, to expedite the raising and appointing an 
army? or, necessary for common defence ; and to make re- 
port to this Assembly, of whatever they may judge fit to be 
done, for approbation ; and that suitable measures may be 
pursued thereon, until the whole subject matter can be laid 
before the Honorable Congress of the United States of 
America, and measures taken, and directions given by them, 
thereon ; and that this appointment be considered as having 
been made and taking place on the 25th instant. 

Whereas, Col. Ray Sands laid before this Assembly a 
memorandum of sundry effects, taken the 18th instant, by 
Capt. Taylor and Lieut. Kinyons companies, in his regi- 
ment, out of a ferry boat, which was run aground near the 
North Ferry, by the enemy, who were driven off by said 
companies, and requested the orders of this Assembly for 
making disposition of the same ; whereupon — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said effects be disposed 
of at public vendue ; and that one-half the money arising 
from the sale of any of the articles formerly belonging to 
said ferry boat, be paid to the owners of said boat ; and the 



78 RECORDS OF THE STATE OP RHODE ISLAND [DEC. 

remainder be distributed to the persons who captured the 
same, in the proportion as is by law allowed to officers and 
soldiers, for any vessels and cargoes that may be captured 
by them, and duly condemned. 

It is voted and resolved, that the standing committee of 
this state inquire into and ascertain the losses sustained by 
any of the soldiers of this state, on the islands of Jamestown 
and Prudence. 

It is voted and resolved, that eight pence, lawful money, 
be allowed to Mr. John Carter, for each and every hundred 
bills, by him last printed, in addition to what has already 
been allowed him for the same. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, made 
choice of the following officers for the brigade ordered at the 
last session to be raised, viz. : 

Officers Chosen for the Brigade. 

Cyprian Sterry, Esq., major of brigade. 

Officers in Col. Tallman's regiment — Christopher Man- 
chester, captain, in the room of Cyprian Sterry, advanced. 

William Sayles, first lieutenant in Capt. Reuben Ballou's 
company, in the room of Squire Fiske, who declines serving. 

Benjamin Steward Wallcutt, second lieutenant; and Sam- 
uel Whipple, ensign, of said company. 

David Bacon, first lieutenant; William Allen, second lieu- 
tenant ; Abraham Andrews, ensign, in Capt. Abimelech 
Riggs's company. 

Walter Channing, second lieutenant; Daniel Fiske, en- 
sign, in Capt, Caleb Carr's company. 

Zadock Williams, second lieutenant, in the room of Ben- 
jamin Gorton, who declines ; Daniel Sheldon, ensign, in 
Capt. James Williams's company. 

Jonathan Maxson, second lieutenant; Barber Peckham, 
ensign, in Capt. James Parker's company. 

Thomas Swan, second lieutenant ; Thomas Pearce, ensign, 
in Capt, Thomas Allen's company. 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 79 

Henry Alexander, first lieutenant ; Daniel Green, second 
lieutenant ; Joseph Hopkins (son of Samuel), ensign, in 
Capt, Reuben Wightman's company. 

Walter Palmer, first lieutenant ; Robert Rogers, second 
lieutenant ; Joshua Babcock, 2d, ensign, in Capt. Christopher 
Manchester's company. 

Benjamin Stelle, adjutant ; John Handy, quartermaster. 

Officers in Col. Stanton's regiment — Matthew Randall, 
second lieutenant ; Daniel Stafford, ensign, in Capt, Thomas 
Thompson's company. 

James Cotterell, ensign in Capt. Royzel Smith's company. 

Job Greene, second lieutenant ; William Whipple, en- 
sign, in Capt. Malichi Hammett's company. 

John Cole, first lieutenant, in the room of Beriah Lewis, 
who declines serving ; Francis Willett Gardner, second lieu- 
tenant ; Joseph Manchester, ensign, in Capt. James Albro's 
company. 

Gabriel Allen, first lieutenant ; David Bentley, second 
lieutenant ; Nathan Westcott, ensign, in Capt, Peleg Slo- 
cum's company. 

Philip Trasten, first lieutenant; Isaac Johnston, second 
lieutenant ; George Briggs, ensign, in Capt. Josiah Gibbs's 



company. 

Joseph Springer, first lieutenant ; Charles Dyer, second 
lieutenant ; Asa Kenna, ensign, in Capt, Benjamin West's 
company. 

John Pearce, first lieutenant; Edward Coleman, second 
lieutenant; Joseph Rhodes, ensign, in Capt. Nathaniel Haw- 
kins's company. 

Jonathan Deval, Jr., adjutant ; Solomon Townsend, Jr., 
quartermaster. 

Officers to Command the several Companies, in the Regiment of the 

Train of Artillery. 

Capt, Joshua Sayer's company — Nathaniel Gladding, cap- 
tain-lieutenant ; Rhodes Packard, first lieutenant ; William 



80 RECORDS OF THE STATE OP RHODE ISLAND [DEC. 

Ham, second lieutenant; Edward Price, lieutenant-fire- 
worker. 

Capt. Jabez Westcott's company — Philip Morse, captain- 
lieutenant ; Thomas Carlile, first lieutenant ; Ezekiel Bur- 
kett, second lieutenant ; Cyrus Manchester, lieutenant-fire- 
worker. 

Capt. Samuel Sweet's company — John Warner, captain- 
lieutenant ; William Comstock, first lieutenant ; Elijah 
Babbitt, second lieutenant ; William Page, lieutenant-fire- 
worker. 

Capt. Gideon Westcott's company — Samuel Angell, cap- 
tain-lieutenant ; Amos Jillson, first lieutenant ; Uriah West- 
cott, second lieutenant ; Benjamin Bickford, lieutenant-fire- 
worker. 

Capt. Ebenezer Adams's company — John Garzia, captain- 
lieutenant ; Joseph Crandall, first lieutenant ; John Proud, 
second lieutenant ; William Fiske, lieutenant-fireworker. 

William Donnison, adjutant; George Richards, quarter- 
master. 

It is voted and resolved, that, in future, no money be paid 
out of the general treasury of this state, to any person, 
unless he produces an order therefor, from this Assembly, 
or from the council of war, appointed to act in the recess, 
thereof. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Joseph Lawrence pro- 
cure suitable quarters for the officers of the artillery compa- 
ny, from the town of Boston, now in this town. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Joseph Brown and 
Capt, Silas Talbot be, and they are hereby, appointed a 
committee, forthwith to procure two suitable vessels for 
fire-ships, and fix the same in the best manner, as soon as 
may be ; and that when fixed, they be under the command 
of the said Silas Talbot. 

Resolved, that it be, and hereby is, recommended to His 
Honor the Governor, that he immediately issue his orders, 
as commander-in-chief of this state, to all field-officers within 



1776."] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 81 

the same, commanding and strictly enjoining them to cause 
the military laws and regulations, now in force, to be punc- 
tually executed and obeyed in their respective regiments ; 
that in so doing, they shall be supported by the authority of 
this state ; and that any field-officer neglecting or refusing 
his duty in this respect, shall be answerable for such neglect 
or refusal, in manner as by said laws and regulations is pre- 
scribed and directed. 

It is voted and resolved, that the officers of Col. Sayles's 
regiment be dismissed ; that the soldiers, thereof, be per- 
mitted to enlist into the regiments last ordered by this 
state, and receive the bounty allowed them. 

That those soldiers of Col. Sayles's regiment, who may 
not enlist anew, be turned over to the last regiments or- 
dered, in equal proportions, till the three months they en- 
listed for, shall be expired ; and that this resolve be in force 
in ten days after the rising of this Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that the general treasurer be, 
and he is hereby, empowered to supply Mr. Joseph Brown 
with any sum, not exceeding £1,000, when called for, till 
the further order of this Assembly, or the council of war, 
for the purpose of preparing two fire-ships. 

It is voted and resolved, that all male persons, subject by 
law to bear arms, whether of the militia, alarm-list or inde- 
pendent companies, within this state, be draughted in three 
divisions, under the direction of the field-officers of each 
regiment, or commanders of each company ; and that those 
of the militia, or alarm-list of each division, be formed into 
companies, to be commanded by officers draughted in like 
manner, for each division ; and those of independent com- 
panies, by officers draughted from their respective compa- 
nies, for each division ; and that the draught of every 
division, as aforesaid, be made by the respective field offi- 
cers, and commanders of independent companies, on Monday, 
the 6th day of Janury next. 

And it is further resolved, that immediately upon said 
draught being completed, the field-officers and commanders, 



82 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEO. 

as aforesaid, shall cause the first division to be formed into 
companies, apportion to each their proper officers, and 
cause them to march, as soon as possible, to such place or 
places for duty, as the Governor, or commander for the time 
being, shall direct ; and that thereupon, those of the several 
regiments and companies, aforesaid, now in actual service, 
and not draughted in the first division, as aforesaid, shall be 
dismissed. 

And it is further resolved, that the division on actual 
duty, shall be relieved monthly, in the order they shall be 
drawn out, by the other divisions ; and that the field-officers 
and commanders, aforesaid, be, and they are hereby, di- 
rected to cause the relief to be made and clone punctually, 
at the time each division shall have completed its monthly 
round of duty. 

And it is further resolved, that the proper officers of each 
regiment or company, shall cause the fine of £5, lawful 
money, to be immediately exacted and collected, from all 
persons in each division, who, when called out to duty, shall 
be unprovided with arms and accoutrements by law re- 
quired; except such persons as the town council of each 
town shall adjudge and return as unable to furnish them- 
selves therewith. 

And it is further resolved, that in case any officer or 
soldier, in each division, draughted, as aforesaid, shall refuse 
or neglect to appear at the time and place ordered by his 
respective superior officer or commander, either by him- 
self, or a good, able bodied and suitable person in his stead, 
to enter upon and perform such military duty as shall be 
enjoined upon him, lie shall be subjected to, and pay, such 
fines, forfeitures and penalties, as the military laws and reg- 
ulations of this state direct in cases of general alarm. 

And it is further resolved, that the pay of each private 
soldier, in service, as aforesaid, shall be two shillings per 
day ; and that the pay of the several officers be in the 
same proportion, according to their several ranks and sta- 
tions, as regulated by the laws for paying the militia, when 



1 770.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 80 

in actual .service ; and that the said officers and soldiers 
shall, when in actual service, he allowed and draw the same 
rations as those of the standing regiments, in the service of 
this state. 

And it is further resolved, that the town councils of each 
town furnish such persons as they shall certify to he unable 
to furnish themselves, with arms, blankets and accoutre- 
ments, as by law required ; and that the same be paid out 
of the general treasury. 

And it is further resolved, that the colonel, or commanding 
officer of each regiment or company, as aforesaid, and the 
town clerks in the several towns, within this state, be imme- 
diately furnished by the secretary with a copy, hereof. 

It is voted and resolved, that the form of the treasurer's 
notes to be given for the money ordered at this session to 

be hired, be varied ; and that instead of pounds, 

they be given for dollars ; and that no note be 

given for a less sum than $30. 

It is voted and resolved, that the pay of the privates, in 
the regiment of artillery now raising, for the defence of this 
state, be at $11, per month. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Smith, as one of 
the committee of safety, be, and he is hereby, empowered to 
draw out of the general treasury, the sum of £1,000, lawful 
money. 

An Act establishing and regulating a general hospital, for 
the use of the army, within this state. 
Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the 
authority thereof it is enacted, that a director and pro- 
veditor be appointed, to establish a general hospital or hos- 
pitals, as he shall judge necessary, for the service ; and sup- 
ply and provide medicines and instruments, therefor ; and 
appoint the stewards and nurses^ and their number pro re 
nata ; and make every other provision appertaining to that 
department. 



84 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC- 

It is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that a 
hospital surgeon be appointed ; whose business will be, to 
superintend and take care of all the sick and wounded in 
the hospital or hospitals, to receive the weekly returns from 
the regimental surgeons, of all unfit for duty in their respec- 
tive regiments, in barracks or tents; and to make regular, 
weekly returns, to the commander-in-chief, of the same ; to- 
gether with those unfit for dut}^, in the hospital or hospitals ; 
that the exact state of the army, in that respect, may be 
known at all times. 

It is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that regi- 
mental surgeons be appointed to each regiment. 

That the director and hospital surgeon, or either of them, 
have power to examine, approbate and appoint the several hos- 
pital and regimental mates, and so many, from time to time 
as they shall judge necessary for the service ; and that the 
director have one mate-assistant, of his own appointment. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, 
chose the following officers;, to wit : 

Officers of the Militia, &c, Chosen. 

Daniel Cahoone, Esq., one of the council of war. 

Doctor Jonathan Arnold, director and proveditor of 
the general hospital or hospitals, to be established in this 
state. 

Isaac Center, hospital surgeon. 

Stephen Wigneron, surgeon of Col. Tallmans regiment. 

Joseph Joslyn, surgeon of Col. Stanton's regiment, 

Jesse Maxson, Esq., lieutenant-colonel of the first regiment 
of militia, in Kings county, in the room of Joseph Stan- 
ton, Esq. 

Thomas Sheffield, Esq., major of said regiment, in the 
room of Jesse Maxson, advanced. 

Thomas Potter, Esq., lieutenant-colonel of the second 
regiment of militia, in Kings county. 



1776.] AND PBOVlDENCE PLANTATIONS. 85 

Asa Maxson, ensign of the third company of militia, in 
Westerly. 

Vial Allin. captain of the company of militia, in Barring- 
ton, in the room of Thomas Allin. 

Daniel Kinnicutt, lieutenant of said company, in the room 
of VialJAllen, advanced. 

James Martin, ensign of said company, in the room of 
Daniel Kinnicutt, advanced. 

Timothy Lurcher, lieutenant ; Lewis Larcher, master ; 
William Davenport, quartermaster, of the row-galley Wash- 



An Act to prevent monopolies and oppression, by excessive 
and unreasonable prices for many of the necessaries and 
conveniences of life ; and for preventing engrossers, and 
for the better supply of our troops in the army with such 
necessaries as may be wanted. 

Whereas, the committee appointed by the several states 
of New England, and now convened at Providence, in the 
state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, for the 
purpose of regulating an army, for supporting the currency, 
affixing the prices of labor, goods, wares, merchandize, &c, 
have, amongst other things, reported as follows, viz. : 

Report of the Committee to the General Assembly of Rhode 
Island, Regulating the Prices of Labor, Goods, Wares, Mer- 
chandize, dr. 

" In Committee) December 01, 177(5. 

This committee, taking into consideration the unbounded avarice of many persons* 
by daily adding to the now most intolerably exorbitant price of every necessary and 
convenient article of life ; and also the most extravagant price of labor in general, which 
at this time of distress, unless a speedy and effectual stop be put thereto, will be at- 
tended witli the most pernicious and fatal consequences; as it not only disheartens and 
disaffects the soldiers, who have nobly entered into service for the best of causes, by 
obliging them to give such unreasonable prices for those things that are absolutely 
needful for their very existence, that their pay is not sufficient to subsist them ; but is 
also very detrimental to the country in general. 

Wherefore, it is recommended by this committee, that the rules and prices hereafter 



86 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [Dec. 

enumerated, be affixed and settled within the respective states in New England, to 
Wit : 

Farming labor in the summer season, shall not exceed 3s. id., per day ; and so in the 
Usual proportion at other seasons of the year ; and the labor of mechanics and trades" 
men, and other labor, to be computed according to the usages and customs that have 
heretofore been adopted and practised in different parts of the several states, compared 
with farming labor. 

Wheat — Good, merchantable wheat shall not exceed the price of 7s. 6c/., per bushel, 
in any part of the states of Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations ; and 6s. per bushel in any part of the state of Connecticut. 

Rye — Good, merchantable rye shall not exceed the price of 4s..6c/., per bushel, in any 
part of the states of Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire and Rhode Island and Provi' 
dence Plantations ; and 8s. 6c/. per bushel, in the state of Connecticut. 

Indian Corn — Good, merchantable Indian corn shall not, in any part of the state of 
Massachusetts Bay, exceed 8s. id., per bushel ; in any part of the state of Connecticut, 
3s. per bushel ; and in the states of New Hampshire, and Rhode Island and Providence 
Plantations, 3s. 6c/. per bushel. 

Wool — Good, merchantable, sheep's wool, shall not, in any part of the states of Mas- 
sachusetts Bay, Connecticut, and Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, exceed 2s. 
per lb. ; nor in any part of the state of New Hampshire, 2s. 2d. per lb. 

Pork — In any part of the state of Massachusetts Bay, shall not exceed the following 
prices : 

Swine, weighing from five to seven score, id. per lb. ; from seven to ten score, i+d. ; 
all above ten score, 4£c/. In any part of the state of Connecticut, it shall not exceed the 
following prices : swine, weighing from five to seven score, 3$d. ; from seven to ten 
score, 3hd. ; all above ten score, 3ft/. In any part of the state of New Hampshire, it 
shall not exceed the following prices : swine, weighing from five to seven score, i-\d. ; 
from seven to ten score, i\d. ; all above ten score, 5c/. In any part of the state of 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, it shall not exceed the following prices '■> 
swine, weighing from five to seven score, Zhd. per lb. ; from seven to ten score, 4c?. ; 
all above ten score, ihd. 

Beef — Grass-fed beef of the best quality, in any part of the states of Massachsetts 
Bay, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, shall not exceed 
3c/. per lb. ; and in the state of Connecticut, 24s. per hundred weight ; and so in that 
proportion, in the said several states, for stall-fed beef, and likewise beef of an inferior 
quality. 

Hides — Raw hides shall not exceed 8c/. per lb., in any of said states. 
Salt — Good, merchantable salt shall not exceed 10s. per bushel, in any part of the 
aforesaid states. 

Rum — Good, merchantable West India rum shall not exceed 6s. 8c/. per gallon, by 
the hogshead ; 7s. 8c/. by the single gallon; and 2s. by the quart ; and so in proportion 
for smaller quantities, according to the old and accustomed usages for retailing smaller 
quantities, in any part of the said states ; save allowing Id. per gallon for every ten 
miles the same may be conveyed by land-carriage, from the first port of delivery, for 
the cost, charge and risk, in carrying the same. New England rum of the best quality, 
shall not exceed 3s. lOd. per gallon, by the hogshead; 4s. per gallon, by the barrel; 
4s. 6c/., by the single gallon, at the ports and places where the same shall be first dis" 
tilled (exclusive of the cask) ; and so in like proportion for smaller quantities ; Id. per 
gallon is allowed for every ten miles the same may be conveyed by land-carriage, from 
the first place of distilling, for the cost and risk in carrying the same. 

Sugar— Best Muscovado sugar shall not exceed 54s. per hundred weight, by the hogs^ 
head ; 60s. by the single hundred weight ; and 8c/. per lb. at the first port of delivery in 



1776.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 87 



any of said states ; and to allow \)d. per hundred weight, for every ten miles land, 
carriage. 

Molasses — Of the best quality, shall not exceed 3s. id., by the hogshead ; 3s. 8d., by the 
barrel, and Is., by the single gallon, at the first port of delivery, in any of the said states ; 
allowing Id. per gallon for every ten miles land-carriage that the same may be con- 
veyed, as aforesaid. 

Cheese — American manufactured cheese shall not exceed G(/. per lb., in any part of 
the said states. 

Butter — Butter of the best quality, shall not exceed lOd. per lb., in any part of said states. 

Peas — Peas shall not exceed 8s. per bushel, in any part of the said states. 

Beans — Beans of the best quality, shall not exceed 6s, per bushel, in any part of the 
said states. 

Potatoes — Commonly called Spanish potatoes, of the best sort, shall not, in the fall 
of the year, exceed Is. Ad. per bushel ; and not at any other season of the year exceed 
2s. per bushel, in any part of the said states. 

Stockings — Men's good yarn stockings shall not exceed Gs. per pair, in any of said 
states ; and so in proportion for those of an inferior quality. 

Shoes — Men's neats leather shoes, of the best common sort, shall not exceed 8s. per 
pair; and other shoes in proportion, according to their quality. 

Salted Pork — Salted pork by the barrel, two hundred and twenty Aveight in each 
barrel, shall not, in the states of Massachusetts Bay, and Rhode Island and Providence 
Plantations, exceed £i 12s. ; in the state of Connecticut, £i is. ; and in the state of 
New Hampshire, £5, lawful money, per barrel. 

Cotton — Cotton shall not exceed 3s. per lb., by the hag ; and 3s. 8d., by the single 
pound, in any of said states. 

Oats — ^Good oats shall not exceed 2s. per bushel, in any of said states. 

Flax — Good, well dressed merchantable flax shall not exceed Is. per lb., in the states 
of Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island and Providence Planta- 
tions ; and lOd. per lb., in the state of Connecticut. 

Coffee — Good coffee shall not exceed Is. id., by the single pound, in any part of said 
states. 

Tallow — Good, tried tallow shall not exceed l^d. per lb., in any of the said states. 

Tow-cloth — Good, yard-wide tow-cloth, in the several states, shall not exceed 2s. 3d., 
per yard ; and other tow-cloth in like proportion, according to the quality. Coarse 
linen to be valued after the rate and in proportion to tow-cloth, making the reasonable 
allowances for the same. 

Flannels — Good, yard-wide, striped flannel, shall not exceed 3s. Gd. per yard, in any 
of the said states ; and other flannels in proportion, according to their widths and 
qualities ; and other woolen cloths in like proportion. 

This committee, considering, that goods in general imported, have of late, owing to 
the unbounded avarice of some persons, been sold by wholesale, at the exorbitant ad- 
vance of five and six hundred per cent, from the prime cost : and retailed out at the 
unreasonable profit of forty and fifty per cent., or more, in addition thereto, which has 
been the occasion of great oppression, especially to the poor consumer ; to correct and 
rectify such exorbitances, do recommend that, notwithstanding the risk of a voyage to 
and from Europe, the high rate of insurance, the difficulty of procuring articles suita- 
ble for that market, the loss upon those exported, the increased expenses and length of 
the voyage, and the real necessity of importing many commodities from fchence ; the 
price of European goods, which have been or shall be imported ; as also all such 
goods which have been or shall be brought into any of the said states, in any prize 
vessel, shall not exceed the following rates, which this committee is of opinion will al- 
low but a reasonable profit to the adventurer : 



8 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC, 

Woolen goods, coarse linens, duck, ticklenburgs and oznabrigs, shall not be sold by 
wholesale at a higher rate than in the proportion of £215, sterling, for what cost £100, 
sterling, in Europe. 

And not any other goods, wares or merchandize, imported from thence, or brought 
into any port in said states, in any prize vessel, shall be sold at wholesale, at a higher 
rate than in the proportion of .£250, sterling, tor what cost £100, sterling; excepting 
warlike and military stores, the prices of which, the committee is of opinion, ought not 
to be limited ; but the retailers of such goods shall not sell them at a higher advance 
than twenty per cent., upon the wholesale price. 

This committee further recommend, that the several legislative bodies within the 
said respective states, affix and ascertain the prices of wood, hay, pine boards, plank, 
joist, hoops, shingles, charcoal, tanned leather, cotton and linen cloths, mutton, veal 
and flour; and also the rate of carting, which can be better done in the several states, 
than by this committee. 

It is further recommended to the respective legislatures, aforesaid, to regulate or pro- 
hibit vendues, and other public sales, in such manner as not to interfere with, but so as 
to enforce the several regulations recommended, as aforesaid. 

And it is further recommended to the above mentioned states, to empower suitable 
persons in their respective states, to open any warehouses, stores, or other places, 
where goods are deposited, which are necessary for the use of the army or navy, 
and are withheld by monopolizers, engrossers, or others ; and to take and apply such 
goods to the use, aforesaid, paying the owners, thereof, at the rates at which such 
goods are hereby valued ; and in case the goods so taken, are not herein rated, at a rea- 
sonable appraisement, to be made by indifferent persons," 

Wherefore, and upon due consideration had thereon, — 
Be it enacted by the General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that the said report be, and 
the same is hereby, approved and enacted, so far as the 
price of labor, produce, goods, wares, merchandize and man- 
ufactures, are therein affixed. 

And be it further enacted, that the following articles, not 
therein enumerated, shall not exceed the prices hereto af- 
fixed, to wit: 

Further Enumeration of Prices, &c, Staled. 

Turkles and dunghill fowls, 4£d., per lb. ; geese, 3d. per 11). ; best mutton, Ad. per 
lb. ; best veal, Ad, per lb. ; and other in proportion to its quality. 

Dinners at taverns, for travellers (not soldiers), of boiled and roast meat, with other 
articles equivalent, exclusive of wine, Is. M. ; suppers and breakfasts, Is. each; lodg- 
ing, id. 

Good, rough-skinned potatoes, 2s. 6c/. per bushel. 

Walnut wood, 3s. per foot ; oak wood, 2s. 6<7. per foot, 

Charcoal, Ad. per bushel, per load. 

Hard Soap, 4£d. per lb. 

English hay, in sea-port markets, for the use of the inhabitants or army, from L'4 



1776.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 89 



10a-., to £6, per ton, according to its quality ; at other plaees, for the uses, aforesaid, 
.£3, per ton, with allowance for carting. 

Teaming work — The teamster finding himself and cattle, for one hand, with cart or 
wagon, one joke of oxen, and a good draught-horse, or two yoke of oxen, 13s. per 
day; teaming to, and from, sea-port markets, and for the army, per ton per mile, for 
not more than one mile -is., for every mile, after the first mile out, Is. G</. 

Horse-keeping, at sea-port towns per night, or twenty -four hours, 2s. Gd. 

Horse-shoeing, all round, with steel corks, heel and toe, 6s. ; ox-shoeing, and other 
blacksmith's work, in the same proportion. 

Horse-hire, 4d. per mile. 

Green calf-skins, 6rf. per lb. ; and tanned and curried skins, in the same propor- 
tion ; tanned hides, Is. 4d. per lb. 

Ships' iron work — Weight-work, at 3:1. per lb. ; and all light work, in the same pro- 
portion, excepting cast iron. 

Cotton and linen cloth, middling quality, yard -wide, 3s. 8d. per yard ; and other 
qualities and widths, in proportion. 

Boards — Clear eastern pine, £6, per thousand ; merchantable do., £1 per do. ; com- 
mon country do., £3 12s. per do. ; yellow pine do., £3 12s. per thousand. 

Oak— Full inch oak boards, and joist end timber, £3, per thousand. 

Hoops — Good hogshead, £4, per thousand. 

Staves — White oak hogshead, £6, per thousand ; do. red oak, £3, per do. ; white 
oak barrel, £4, per do. ; do. red oak, £2, per do. ; heading proportioned in price to 
that of staves. 

Tobacco — Good, merchantable, well cured tobacco, at 25s, per hundred weight ; and 
4d. per single pound. 

Men's leather breeches, of the best sort of deer's leather, 42s. per pair ; and boys' and 
other leather breeches at a like proportion, according to their quality. 

Cocoa — Best cocoa, at £6 10s,, per hundred weight; and chocolate, 2s. per single 
pound. 

House carpenters, finding themselves, 5s. per day. 

Ship " " " Gs. " 

Caulkers, " " 7s. " 

Masons, " " Gs. 6d. per day. 

Tailors, making a plain suit of best broadcloth clothes, 24s. ; and their daily wages, 
the employer finding them, at 3s. per day. 

Trucking, Is. 6d. per hogshead ; and other things in proportion. 

Best beaver hats, at 42s. ; best felt hats, at 8s. 

Coopers, finding themselves, 5s. per day ; setting and finding hogshead hoops, 3c/. 
each ; setting and finding barrel hoops, 2d., each. 

Barbers, for shaving, 3d. 

Stone lime, 18s. per hogshead, of one hundred gallons, delivered at Providence. 

Milk, from the 1st of May to the 1st of November, at 2c/. per quart ; and the other 
six months, at 3d. per quart. 

Which prices are to be considered as the highest rates at which any of the before- 
mentioned articles are to be sold, or bought or done, in the several sea-ports or public 
market-places ; and in all other places of this state, the said articles are to be estimated 
and rated according to the accustomed usages, in proportion to the prices in sea-ports 
and market-places, as aforesaid, unless where particular mention is made of a price at 
other places." 

And be it farther enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
if any person shall, at any vendue or public sale, for any 

VOL. VJII. 12 



90 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC. 

saleable article, give or bid at a greater or higher price than 
by this act is limited, he shall forfeit and pay the value of 
said article ; one-half to, and for the use of, this state ; and 
the other half to the informer, who shall sue for the same ; 
and shall be deemed an enemy to his country, and be ren- 
dered incapable of sustaining any public office. 

And be it farther enacted, that if any person shall refuse 
to sell any of said goods, merchandize, &c, at the prices by 
this act limited, to be paid in the current paper bills emitted 
by the Continental Congress, or this state, and shall after- 
wards part with such goods, merchandize, &c, in exchange 
for other goods, merchandize, &c, he shall forfeit and pay 
the value of such goods, merchandize, &c. ; one-half to, and 
for the use of, this state, and the other half to the informer 
or prosecutor. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
His Honor the Governor, any and either of the assistants, 
judges of the superior and inferior courts, or any two jus- 
tices of the peace, within this state, be, and they are hereby, 
empowered and directed, that upon complaint, under oath, 
that any article or articles of necessary support, for the 
army or navy, may be wanted, and are withheld by mo- 
nopolizers, engrossers or others, to issue his warrant to any 
sheriff or deputy sheriff, constable or town sergeant, to im- 
press and seize the same out of their hands ; and for that 
purpose, to break open and enter any warehouses or stores, 
or other places, where such goods are deposited, and to 
have the same appraised by two indifferent, judicious men, 
under oath, appointed for that purpose, not exceeding the 
prices affixed by this act, which price so affixed, shall be 
paid to the owner or owners, thereof; and that suitable per- 
sons, in addition to the commissaries already appointed, be 
appointed by the council of war of this state, to furnish and 
supply the army raised by this state with necessaries, upon 
the most reasonable terms, agreeably to the encouragement 
given by this Assembly ; and the commissaries of this state, 
and all other persons, are hereby requested, and strictly en- 



1770.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 91 

joined and directed, to make information against all such 
persons as they shall find buying up or engrossing the ar- 
ticles, aforesaid, contrary to the intent and meaning of said 
act. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
whoever shall contract, or receive for labor, or vend, sell, or 
receive for any of the above enumerated articles, more than 
at the above rate or price thereunto affixed, or for others 
not enumerated, in an unreasonable disproportion thereto, 
shall be accounted oppressive, an enemy to his country, 
guilty of a breach of this act, and shall be liable to be 
prosecuted before any of the courts of record within this 
state, by bill, plaint, or information ; and upon conviction, 
shall be fined for every article sold, of the price of twenty 
shillings or under, the sum of twenty shillings ; and for 
every article of a price above twenty shillings, a sum equal 
to the price of such articles ; together with all costs of 
prosecution ; and shall stand committed till sentence be 
performed ; one-half of said fine to be paid into the general 
treasury; and the other half, to the informer or prosecutor. 

And be it further enacted, that this act shall take effect, 
and be in full force, upon Tuesday, the 8th day of January, 
A. D. 1777; and that the same be forthwith published, and 
sent to the respective town clerks of this state, to be by 
them read in the first town meeting of their respective 
towns. 

It is voted and resolved, that Col. Joseph Stanton, Jr., 
have liberty to draw £1,000, lawful money, out of the gen- 
eral treasury, for paying the bounty allowed to the soldiers, 
who shall enlist into the regiments ordered by this Assem- 
bly to be raised. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Northup, Esq., as one 
of the committee of safety, be, and hereby is, empowered to 
draw out of the general treasury, the sum of £600, lawful 
money. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Sylvester Gardner be, 



92 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DeC 

and lie is hereby, appointed to .supply the wood necessary 
for the use of the. troops in Kings county. 

It is voted and resolved, that Peter Phillips, Esq., be, and 
he is hereby, empowered to draw £300, lawful money, out 
of the general treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that Capt. Tunis Montayne, of 
the island of Bermuda, be permitted to purchase a vessel 
within this state, to proceed to said island of Bermuda j 
and that he have liberty to take with him his two ap- 
prentices and negro boy ; and as much provision as will be 
necessary for said voyage, under the direction of Mr. Jacob 
Greene. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Smith be, and he 
is hereby, appointed to purchase a sufficient quantity of 
hay for the use of the horses and cattle, now in the town of 
Providence, in the service of this state, for one week. 

Whereas, the committee appointed to inquire into the al- 
lowance of provisions and necessaries to the soldiers, in the 
Continental service, presented unto this Assembly, the fol- 
lowing report, to wit : 

Amount of Rations, &c, Allowed to the Soldiers, by the Continental 
Congress. 

Rations established by the Continental Congress, with vari- 
ations made by Peter Phillips and Jabez Bowen, Esqs. ; and 
approved by the honorable the commissioners of the four 
New England states, viz. : 
One pound of wheat bread, or one pound of flour, or one 

pound-and-an-half of brown bread, per man, per day. 

One pound-and-a-quarter of beef, or one pound of pork, per 

man, per day 5 or, one pound of beef and one pound of pork, 

for two days. 

Three pints of beans or peas, per man, per week. 

Eight pounds of hard soap, per hundred men, per week- 

including guards, &c. 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. O-'i 

Six pounds candles, per hundred men, per week, including 
guards, &c. 

One quart of beer per day, per man ; or nine gallons of 
molasses, or three-quarters of a hundred of sugar, per hun- 
dred men, per week ; or in lieu thereof, one gill of rum, per 
man, per day. 

Six ounces of butter per man, per week ; or the real price, 
in cash. 

One gill of rice ; or one pint of Indian meal per man, per 
week. 

Half a gill of rum, per man, per day, when on fatigue. 

Two quarts of salt for every hundred pounds of fresh beef 
served out. 

Vinegar occasionally. 

Submitted by your humble servants, 

PETER PHILLIPS,) Com- 
JABEZ BOWEN, j mittee. 

And the said report being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
accepted ; that the above and foregoing regulation be, and 
the same is hereby, approved of and established, as the ra- 
tions to be allowed to the troops, raised within this state ; 
any other act to the contrary, notwithstanding. 

It is voted and resolved, that Capt, Simeon Clarke be re- 
quested to give notice to Mr. Nathan Kinyon, to attend the 
next session of this Assembly, to answer the complaint of 
Lieut, John Clarke ; and that he also cite the said John 
Clarke to attend, at the same time, with such evidences as 
he shall see fit to bring with him, to support his complaint, 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. James Congdon, 3d, be, 
and he is hereby, appointed one of the committee of safety, 
in the room of Col. Joseph Stanton, Jr. ; and that the said 
Joseph Stanton, Jr., be, and he is hereby, empowered to ap- 
ply the money, in his hands, belonging to this state, to the 
purpose for which he received it. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Smith, one of the 



94 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC. 

committee of safety, furnish Col. Jabez Bowen with £60, 
lawful money, taking his receipt therefor, to be paid out to 
the soldiers of the militia, in such proportions as the com- 
manding officer, and captains at Warwick Neck, shall think 
proper, towards their pay ; and that abstracts be made out 
by the captains, as soon as may be, and certified by the 
colonels, or respective commanding officers of the regiments 
of militia on duty, within this state, to some certain time for 
payment ; and that application be made therefor, to the 
committees of safety. 

It is voted and resolved, that brigadier general Malmedy 
be, and he is hereby, empowered to execute all and every 
plan he shall think necessary, for the fortifying this state, 
consistent with the number of men that this and the other 
states have, or shall furnish ; and to remove the cannon 
from such places as he may think are in danger of the 
enemy, and to place them at such places as he shall think 
proper. 

That the Generals Varnum and West be requested to for- 
ward such works, and to afford him all the assistance in their 
power, by men, and otherwise ; that the cannon he may 
want, be fitted and prepared as soon as possible, with such 
carriages as he shall require ; and that the council of war 
give every necessary assistance for pursuing such plan. 

Both houses being resolved in grand committee, chose 
Thomas Holden quartermaster of the brigade now raising 
for the defence of this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that a surgeon be appointed for 
the regiment of the train of artillery, now raising for the 
defence of this state. 

Whereas, it is suggested to this Assembly, that, at the 
late alarm, when the militia and alarm-men, of this state, 
were ordered into service, many of them neglected or re- 
fused to appear ; and of those who did appear, many ab- 
sented themselves without leave, and deserted the service ; 
which misconduct is not only of evil example and destruc- 
tive of due order and discipline, but of the greatest ill con- 



1770.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 95 

sequence to the general safety ; and therefore merits a par- 
ticular attention, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that His Honor the 
Governor be, and he is hereby, advised to issue his orders, 
as commander-in-chief of this state, to the colonels and field 
officers of each respective regiment., ordering and directing 
them to call courts martial within their respective counties, 
who shall have before them, hear, try, and pass upon, all 
persons within their regiments, offending, as aforesaid ; and 
inflict such pains and penalties upon the offenders, as the 
said courts shall judge adequate to their offences, agreeably 
to the martial and military laws in force, in this state, at the 
time they committed the same. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Brown be, and 
he is hereby, empowered to purchase, at public or private 
sale, such and so many of the warlike stores, taken out of 
the prize ship Friendship, as he may think necessary for the 
use of this state, if the same shall be sold at reasonable prices. 

It is voted and resolved, that James Arnold, Jr., Esq., be, 
and he is hereby, appointed to procure two field-carriages, 
to be made for the two guns now at Warwick Neck ; and 
that he have liberty to employ any persons of the militia, 
that may be called into actual service, to execute that 
business. 

It is voted and resolved, that from and after the 29th day 
of December, A. D. 1776, the sum of nine shillings, lawful 
money, be allowed to each of the members of the upper and 
lower house of Assembly, for each day's attendance on said 
Assembly. 

That upon the members of the upper house producing a 
certificate from the secretary ; and the members of the 
lower house from the clerk, of said house, of the number of 
days of their attendance, to the general treasurer, that he 
pay for each day's attendance, at the rate, aforesaid, out of 
the general treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Glazier be, and he 



96 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC. 

is hereby, appointed forthwith to make a field-carriage, for 
the nine-pound cannon, now at East Greenwich. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Nathan Miller be, and 
he is hereby, empowered to draw £300, lawful money, out 
of the general treasury ; one-half, thereof, to be paid in 
notes, and the other half, in bills heretofore emitted. 

It is voted and resolved, that Joseph Clarke, Esq., pur- 
chase a suitable book, for entering the charges of this state, 
against the United States. 

It is voted and resolved, that the standing committee ad- 
just the accounts of this state, with the United States, up to 
the 1st clay of January, A. D. 1777, exclusive of the moneys 
that may be advanced in raising and equipping the three 
regiments, ordered to be raised by this Assembly, for fif- 
teen months ; and that they make report to the council of 
war as soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Stephen Mumford, as 
one of the committee of safety, be, and he is hereb}^, em- 
powered to draw £700, lawful money, out of the general 
treasury ; ,£300, thereof, to be paid in notes, and the re- 
mainder, in bills heretofore emitted. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee of safety, in 
Kings county, settle the billeting of the* troops within that 
county, and the keeping of the horses in the troop stationed 
within said county ; and that they allow one shilling and 
ninepence per night, for keeping each horse. 

It is voted and resolved, that it be recommended to Mr. 
Daniel Tillinghast, Continental agent within this state, that 
he furnish the soldiers, enlisted by Capt, Jonathan Wallen, 
into the Continental service, with the clothing they may be 
in immediate want of; and that Capt. Wallen place such of 
them, as he shall think fit, on board the Continental frigates, 
until he is ready to proceed with them, to join the army. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Smith pay to John 
Bates $00, for a mare, purchased of him for the use of this 
state. 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 97 

It is voted and resolved, that Joseph Belcher, John 
Mathewson, Daniel Rodman and Gideon Mnmford, Esqs., 
and Mr. Nathan Miller, be, and they are hereby, appointed 
a committee, to inquire what towns were deficient in rais- 
ing their quotas of the regiment ordered to be raised from 
the militia, for three months ; and the causes for such de- 
ficiency ; and that they make report to this Assembly, at 
the next session. 

It is voted and resolved, that every member of either 
house of Assembly, who shall leave the house, after business 
is begun, without leave of the house, therefor, shall forfeit 
the whole of his wages that shall accrue to him, at the same 
session. 

It is voted and resolved, that Caleb Harris, Esq., inspect 
the powder in the possession of Mr. John Waterman, be- 
longing to this state ; and if the same be approved by him, 
that he remove the same to such places as he shall think 
most safe. 

It is voted and resolved, that Daniel Rodman, Esq., be ap- 
pointed to inquire of William Potter, Esq., if he has received 
of Mr. Silas Niles the back rents of the farm at Point Ju- 
dith, leased to him by this state, and the rents due for the 
other estates in Kings county, leased by this state ; and if 
he has not received the same, and his health will not admit 
of his transacting said business, that the said Daniel Rod- 
man be, and he is hereby, empowered to receive the rents 
due to this state, from the said Silas Niles, and from the 
other persons to whom said estates have been leased ; and 
that he pay the same into the general treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. James Congdon, 3d, as 
one of the committee of safety, be, and he is hereby, em- 
powered to draw £1,000, lawful money, out of the general 
treasury, in notes ; he first giving sufficient security. 

Whereas, the committees from the several New England 
states, now convened in the town of Providence, have re- 
commended to the said states, that no further emissions of 
paper money bills be made, but that the several treasuries 

VOL. VJIJ, 13 



98 EECOEDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC. 

be supplied by taxes, and by borrowing the necessary sums, 
to be re-paid in three years, or sooner, from their date, with 
an interest not exceeding five per cent, per annum ; unless 
upon a critical contingency, there may be an absolute ne- 
cessity of an immediate supply, and the money cannot be 
procured upon loan ; in which case, it is recommended that 
bills be emitted, redeemable in three years, or sooner, with 
an interest of four per cent, per annum ; and that the state 
emitting the same, notify the other states of such emission ; 
and also that the several states forthwith levy such taxes 
upon the inhabitants as their abilities will bear ; and that 
the several states call in the bills of credit, at the expiration 
of the periods for which they were severally emitted, in the 
best manner they can devise, to give a reasonable and just 
satisfaction to the possessors of the bills ; wherefore — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said recommendation 
be, and the same is hereby, approved ; and that this state 
will, to the utmost of their power, make the same the rule 
of their conduct in future, in supplying the treasury of this 
state ; and for supporting, in the most effectual manner, the 
credit of the paper bills. 

It is voted and resolved, that the judge of the court, 
erected for the trial of maritime causes, be, and he is here- 
by, empowered to appoint a suitable person, who shall be, 
and he is hereby, fully empowered to attend upon said 
court, in the capacity of special sheriff for the county of 
Providence, at the court this day appointed to be held in 
said town of Providence ; and until the causes then and 
there appointed to be tried, shall be heard and determined, 
with full power to empannel a jury for the trial of said 
causes ; and in general, to do, act and transact, every other 
matter and thing, by order of said court, which the sheriff 
might do, if present. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Governor 
be, and he is hereby, requested to transmit to the Conti- 
nental Congress, the account of this state against the Con- 
tinent; and request that, for the balance, an order be 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 99 

drawn by the Congress upon Joseph Clarke, Esq., keeper 
of their loan office within this state ; and that if the money 
be not in said office, the Congress give order to their keeper 
of said office, to issue notes in favor of this state, for the 
amount of the balance, upon interest, at four per cent, per 
annum. 

Both houses, in a grand committee, chose the following 
officers, to wit : 

Officers Chosen for the Militia. 

Benjamin Church, captain in Col. Tallman's regiment, in 
the room of Reuben Wightman, who declined serving. 

Amos Whipple, captain ; Nathaniel Gould, lieutenant ; 
Abraham Cook, Jr., ensign, of the company of militia, in the 
town of Cumberland. 

It is voted and resolved, that the colonels, or commanding 
officers of the several regiments, order the captains of each 
company therein, immediately to see that the men, belong- 
ing to their companies, are served with seventeen rounds of 
cartridges to each man, well fitted to his piece ; and that 
each man give his receipt to the captain, therefor ; and that 
he also provide seventeen rounds more for each man, which 
he shall see well suited to his piece, as aforesaid, and tied 
in bunches, marked with the name of each man ; which last 
mentioned cartridges, the captain of each company shall 
keep in his own possession, and cause them to be carried 
with their companies, wherever they shall be ordered to 
march. 

That the colonels or other commanding officers, apply 
to the town treasurers of the towns within their regiments, 
for powder and lead, to make said cartridges, giving re- 
ceipts for what they shall receive ; and in case of deficiency, 
that they apply to this Assembly ; or, in their recess, to the 
council of war, of this state, for further supplies. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Northup, Esq., pur- 
chase of Col. Robert Elliott, the musket-ball, he has to dis- 



lOU EEcoEds of the statue of EHOdE island [Dec', 

pose of, for Kings county; and that he also be supplied with 
six hundred weight of lead, heretofore purchased by this 
state, for the same county. 

Whereas, Mr. Joseph Rhodes presented unto this Assem- 
bly, an account charged by him against the state, for victuals, 
liquors, fire and candles, provided for twelve prisoners and 
their guards, on their way from Providence to Pawtuxet ;• 
and the said account being duly examined, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
allowed ; and that the amount thereof, being £2 Ids., law- 
ful money, be paid unto the said Joseph Rhodes, out of the 
general treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Daniel Tillinghast, the 
Continental agent within this state, be, and he is hereby.? 
requested to deliver the arms and blankets, now in his pos- 
session, belonging to the United States, to such persons as 
shall have orders for the same, from the commanding offi- 
cers of the regiments ordered to be raised by this Assembly 
for fifteen months. 

It is voted and resolved, that the town of Little Comp- 
ton be iDermitted to take two field-pieces, mounted on car- 
riages ; one, of the smallest, and one six or four-pounder, 
from Howland's Ferry ; together with the accoutrements 
thereunto belonging, with so many cartridges as the com- 
manding officer there, may think proper ; and that said 
town be accountable therefor, to this state. 

And it is also further voted and resolved, that the town 
clerk of said town be, and he is hereby, empowered to draw 
half a hundredweight of powder, and one hundred and fifty 
pounds of lead, and five hundred flints, for the use of the 
soldiers in said town. 

Whereas, it is represented unto this Assembly, that the 
arms and accoutrements, belonging to several companies in 
the regiment under the command of Col. Richmond, were 
deposited in the Continental store, in New London, or Ston- 
ington, in Connecticut ; — 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. James Congdon, 3d, be? 



1770.] AND 1'KoVlDENG'E PLANTATIONS 101 

and he is hereby, appointed to remove said arms and ac- 
coutrements from said Stonington, or New London, to 
Charlestown, in Kings county ; that he deliver the one-half 
thereof, to John Northup, Esq. ; and that he retain the re- 
mainder, to be distributed by them among the troops that 
may enlist in the regiments now ordered by this Assembly 
to be raised. 

It is voted and resolved, that Enoch Butts be immediately 
removed by the sheriff of the county of Providence, or his 
deputy, to the town of Cumberland, there to Continue at his 
own expense, until further orders from this Assembly ; or ? 
in their recess, from the council of war. 

And that if he shall leave said town, without permission 
first had from this Assembly, or, in their recess, from said 
council of war, the sheriffs and their deputies within this 
state are hereby directed forthwith to apprehend and com- 
mit him to the jail in the county in which he may be ap- 
prehended. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Smith procure, 
for the use of Brigadier General Malmedy, two convenient 
rooms, in the house of the widow Elizabeth Arnold, and fur- 
nish said rooms with such furniture as he shall think proper, 
of the goods now in his care, lately belonging to Mr. Dudley, 
and procure such other articles as he may judge necessary 
for that purpose. 

That he also procure for him the barn and stables belong- 
ing to said house ; and assign him such attendants as shall 
be suitable for doing the services of the house, and for tak- 
ing care of his horses ; and that he furnish the necessary 
supplies of provisions, fuel and forage, whenever Gen. Mal- 
medy shall be in town. 

It is voted and resolved, that each of the members of the 
council of war be allowed, in future, nine shillings for each 
day's attendance, as members of said council ; and that upon 
their producing a certificate, from the clerk of said council, 
to the treasurer, of the number of da}-s of their attendance^ 



102 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [DeC, 

they be paid at, and after the rate, aforesaid, out of the gen- 
eral treasury. 

Whereas, Mr. James Sumner exhibited unto this Assem- 
bly, an account by him charged against the state, for his 
service, as an engineer, in laying out lines for the works of 
defence erecting in and about the town of Providence ; and 
the said account being duly examined, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
allowed ; and that the amount thereof, being £12, lawful 
money, be paid unto the said James Sumner, out of the gen- 
eral treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. James Sumner be, and 
he is hereby, appointed an assistant engineer within this 
state, with the rank, pay and rations, of a captain ; and that 
he be commissionated accordingly. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committees of safety col- 
lect the guns and accoutrements, within their respective dis- 
tricts, belonging to this state, and remove them to places of 
safety ; and that they make report of the number of guns, 
to this Assembly, at the next session. 

It is voted and resolved, that on the day for draughting 
the regiments of militia, and independent companies of this 
state, into three divisions, agreeably to an act passed at this 
session, the commanding officers of the independent compa- 
nies, in the town of Providence, shall meet together, and 
draught for their turns by compauies ; and do duty, and re- 
lieve each other, in the order in which they shall be drawn ; 
and the commanding officers of the independent companies 
of Pawtuxet Rangers, Kentish Guards and Kingston Reds, 
shall meet on said day, and draught for turns, and do duty 
by companies, as those in Providence ; any thing contained 
in the aforesaid act, to the contrary, notwithstanding ; and 
that the commanders of the aforesaid companies be each fur- 
nished with a copy, hereof, immediately. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Smith be, and he 
is hereby, empowered to purchase a quantity of fish, on 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 103 

board a brigantine about to be purchased for the use of this 
state. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sum of £318, lawful 
money, be allowed to Mr. John Brown, for the brigantine 
Sally, purchased of him by Mr. Joseph Brown, to be made 
use of as a fire-ship for the service of this state ; and upon 
his delivering to the said Joseph Brown, for the use of this 
state, all the stores belonging to said brig, that the sum, 
aforesaid, be paid him, out of the general treasury. 

Whereas, the committees from the four New England 
states, have passed the following resolve, to wit : 

Resolve of the Committee of the Four New England States, at their 
Meeting in Providence, December 30th, 1776. 

" In Committee, December 30th, 177G. 

This committee, taking into consideration the bounties and allowances, offered by 
Congress, for enlisting the Continental battalions, appointed as the quota of the four 
New England states, are of opinion, that, in the present situation of the aforesaid states, 
it is impracticable to fill those battalions, without giving a still further encouragement 
to men to enlist ; and that it is of the utmost necessity to complete them with all pos- 
sible dispatch; and the said states havingjgiven different encouragement in their several 
states, for filling the said battalions ; and this committee being of opinion, that if the 
said states act upon one uniform plan, it will be attended with many advantages, — 

Do resolve, that it be recommended to the several legislatures of the said states, to 
give an additional bounty of £10, and a blanket, each year, while in service, as afore- 
said ; or in lieu, thereof, eighteen shillings to the encouragement given by Congress to 
the non-commissioned officers and private soldiers, who shall enlist into the said bat- 
talions, for three years, or during the war, and to engage to supply them, while in 
camp, with those articles necessary for soldiers, which are not furnished by Congress, 
at the rates affixed to those articles by the several New England states, without any 
charge for transportation, or other expenses ; which is considered by this commit- 
tee as a greater encouragement to the soldiers, than hath been offered by any of the 
said states." 

Upon consideration whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved, that this state will give an addi- 
tional bounty of £4, to the £6, heretofore allowed by this 
Assembly, and a blanket, each year, while in service ; or, in 
lieu, thereof, eighteen shillings, to the encouragement given 
by Congress, to the non-eommissioned officers and private 
soldiers, who shall enlist into the battalions ordered to be 



104 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC, 

raised by this Assembly, agreeably to the recommendation 
from the Honorable the Continental Congress. 

And this Assembly cloth hereby engage to supply them, 
while in camp, with those articles, necessary for soldiers, 
which are not furnished by Congress, at the rates affixed to 
those articles, by the several New England states, without 
any charge for transportation. 

Whereas, this Assembly hath passed a resolve, for 
draughting all male persons, subject by law to bear arms, 
whether of the militia, alarm-list, or independent companies, 
in three divisions ; and whereas, the committees, from the 
four New England states, have passed a resolve, recommend- 
ing that the militia of the said states, when called into the 
same service, be placed upon the same footing, in point of 
encouragement, wages and rations, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the non-commis- 
sioned officers and private soldiers, who shall be draughted, 
as aforesaid, shall be allowed and paid, when called into ac* 
tual service, the bounty of twenty shillings, lawful money ; 
and that they be allowed and paid, while in actual service, 
the same wages that those of equal rank in the Continental 
army are allowed and paid ; and the rations that are allowed 
those of equal rank in the standing regiments of this state. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that so much of said 
resolve, as respects the wages and rations of the officers 
and soldiers who shall be draughted, as aforesaid, be, and the 
same is hereby, repealed. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the colonel, or 
commanding officer of each regiment, or company, as afore- 
said, be immediately furnished with a copy hereof. 

It is voted and resolved, that the row-galley, now at 
Providence, be ordered forthwith to proceed to Pawtuxet, 
and there receive the orders of Commodore Esek Hopkins ; 
and that a twelve-pound cannon be forthwith removed from 
Pawtuxet to Warwick Neck. 

It is voted and resolved, that Nathaniel Hamlinton, Rich- 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 105 

ard Rogers and Lemuel Conants, deserters from the British 
service, be allowed and paid, each £3, lawful money, out of 
the general treasury, for a boat purchased of them. 

Whereas, the committee of the four New England states, 
now sitting, presented to this Assembly, the following re- 
solve, to wit : 

Additional Resolve of the Committee of the Four New England. 
/States, Convened in Providence, in December, 1776. 

Whereas, the militia of the seA'eral states of New England may be frequently called 
into the same service ; and many inconveniences may be prevented, by their being 
placed upon the same footing, in point of encouragement, wages and rations, — 

Resolved, that it be recommended to the several states, aforesaid, that whenever the 
militia of said states, or either of them, shall be called into service, for any term less 
than two months, that the officers and soldiers be allowed and paid the same wages and 
rations, that those of equal rank in the Continental army are allowed and paid. 

And that it be further recommended, where the militia shall be called out for a term 
more than two, and not exceeding four months, that the non-commissioned officers and 
soldiers be paid a bounty of twenty shillings ; and where the term of their service shall 
amount to five, and shall not exceed six months, that the non-commissioned officers and 
soldiers be paid a bounty of forty shillings, over and above the Continental pay and 
rations ; provided they shall voluntarily enlist into such service ; otherwise that 
they have, and receive, the Continental wages and rations only, without any bounty, 
as aforesaid." 

Upon consideration, whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the above recommendation 
be, and the same is hereby, approved ; and that the officers 
and soldiers of the militia, of this state, when called into 
actual service, be allowed the encouragement, wages and 
rations, in said resolve specified. 

It is voted and resolved, that it be, and hereby is, recom- 
mended to the inhabitants of this state, who are pos- 
sessed of cannon, warlike stores and sails, that they forth- 
with remove them to places of safety ; and that if they 
shall neglect to do it, the commanding officers within this 
state are hereby directed to cause the same to be removed. 

It is voted and resolved, that all non-commissioned officers 
and private soldiers, who have enlisted into the standing 
regiments of this state ; the battalion men under the en- 



106 RECORDS OP THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC, 

courageuient of £3, lawful money, per month ; and the artil- 
lery men, of £3 G-s\, per month, and will continue, and re- 
enlist into said service, the battalion men upon the pay of 
£2, per month, and the artillery men of £2 4s., per month, 
shall be paid an additional bounty hereafter mentioned. 

And all those who will not re-enlist, as aforesaid, upon the 
encouragement of forty shillings for the battalion men, and 
forty-four shillings for the artillery men, per month ; and 
will re-pay, to the officers who enlisted them, all such 
moneys as they may have received, either for bounty or 
wages, shall thereupon be discharged ; and if any enlisted 
soldier shall be unable to re-pay said moneys, and will not 
re-enlist, as aforesaid, he shall be retained in service upon 
the terms of his enlistment, until his wages shall amount to 
the moneys he may have received ; allowing for each month 
over and above his wages, one-fifteenth part of the bounty 
received. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that each person en- 
listing as a soldier in the service of this state, after three 
days from the rising of this Assembly, shall be paid, over 
and above the bounty for enlisting, mentioned in the act for 
raising them, an additional bounty of clothing ; of one uni- 
form coat, three pair of woolen hose, two pair of shoes, one 
hat, and two shirts ; and be entitled to wages, the battalion 
men, at the rate of £2, per month ; and the artillery men, 
£2 4s., per month ; to be paid them, agreeably to the terms 
for the payment of wages, in said act mentioned. 

And it is further voted and resolved, and this state do 
engage, that every enlisted soldier in the service of this 
state, shall be supplied with the necessaries and conven- 
iences of life, at the prices and rates affixed by the act 
made at this session of Assembly, for affixing the prices 
and rates at which goods shall be bought and sold, within 
this state. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that so much of the 
act for raising two battalions, and a regiment of the train, 



l?T6i] AND PRoVlDlvNCK PLANTATIONS, 107 

for the service of this state, &c, passed at this present ses- 
sion, as relates to the monthly wages of the soldiers, be, and 
the same is hereby, repealed. 

Both houses in a grand committee, chose the following 
officers, viz. ; 

Officers Chosen for the Spitfire RonH/allej/, and the Militia. 

Isaac Tyler, captain ; Josiah Simmons, first lieutenant ; 
Abel Weathers, second lieutenant, of the row-galley Spit- 
fire. 

Joseph Fuller, ensign, of the fourth company of militia, in 
Providence, in the room of David Bacon, chosen a lieuten- 
ant in CoL Tallman's regiment. 

It is voted and resolved, that James Arnold, Jr., Esq., be, 
and he is hereby, empowered to purchase of Mr. Richard 
Greene, the corn, oats, rye, pork and sheep, he has on hand, 
for the use of this state, and to remove the same to places 
of safety ; and that if the said Richard Greene shall refuse 
to dispose of said articles to this state, the said James Ar- 
nold be empowered to take the same, allowing him, therefor, 
at the prices affixed by this Assembly ; and all civil and 
military officers are hereby required to aid and assist him in 
the execution of this business. 

It is voted and resolved, that the council of war be, and 
they are hereby, requested to employ couriers to proceed 
from this place to Connecticut and New Hampshire, agreea- 
bly to the recommendations of the committee from the four 
New England states. 

This General Assembly taking into consideration a letter 
from John Northup, Esq., to His Honor the Governor, in- 
forming him that Thos. Freebody, by permission from Gem 
Clinton, had sent over with a flag of truce, from Newport, 
seventeen women and ten children, who were landed in 
North Kingstown ; and also enclosing a copy of a letter 
from the said Thomas Freebody, to the said John Northup, 



108 RECORDS OE THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DeC, 

acquainting him that a number of other women and chil- 
dren in Newport, have passes from General Clinton, to come 
to the main land for subsistence, and desiring to know 
whether boats will be allowed to bring them to Updike's 
Newtown, that they may be subsisted upon the main 
land, — 

Do resolve, that John Northup, Sylvester Gardner and 
Thomas Bissell, or any two of them, be, and they are here- 
by, appointed a committee, to make inquiry into the con- 
nexions of the said women and children, already landed ; 
and in case it shall appear that any of them are mothers, 
wives, sisters or children, to persons in the service of this, or 
any of the United States, or in the Continental service, that 
such persons be received and supported at the expense of 
this state, in such places as the said committee shall think fit? 
until further orders from this Assembly. 

That such of the said women and children as are related 
to any person in this state, who is obliged by law to main- 
tain them, be also received, and sent, as soon as may be, to 
the persons so obliged to maintain them ; that the others 
be returned to Newport by the flag which brought them. 

That the said John Northup be directed to inform the 
said Thomas Freebody, that no poor women and children 
will be received from the town of Newport, unless pre- 
vious permission be obtained from the General Assembly, 
or, in the recess of it, from the council of war ; and that the 
boat, which brought the said poor, with the officer and 
crew, be detained until the committee shall make inquiry, 
and determine, as aforesaid, 

It is voted and resolved, that the proceedings of the com- 
mittee from the New England states be, and the same are 
hereb}^, approved ; and that the same be adopted by this 
state, so far as relates thereto. 

It is voted and resolved, that Henry Ward and Jonathan 
Arnold, Esqs,, be, and they are hereby, appointed a commit- 
tee to transmit, as soon as possible, to the Honorable the 
Continental Congress, a fair copy of the whole proceedings 



1776.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 109 

of the committee from the New England states ; and that 
they also assign the reasons of the meeting of said com-- 
mittee. 

It is voted and resolved, that agreeably to the recommen- 
dation of the committee, from the four states of New Eng- 
land, that the last Wednesday of January instant, be ob- 
served as a day of public fasting, humiliation and prayer, 
throughout this state ; that His Honor the Governor be, 
and he is hereby, requested to issue a proclamation accord- 
ingly ; and that all servile labor and recreation be forbidden 
on that day. 

It is voted and resolved, that one hundred and twenty 
copies of the resolution of this Assembly, altering the 
bounty and wages of the three regiments now raising with- 
in this state, be immediately printed ; and that Theodore 
Foster, Esq., procure the same to be clone, and to forward to 
some one of the field-officers, in each regiment, twenty 
copies ; and to each of the members of the committee of 
safety, seven copies thereof; to be by them distributed 
amongst the officers in said regiments as soon as possible. 

Voted and resolved, that the following accounts be paid 
out of the general treasury : 

BUh to be Paid. 

£ s. d. 

Richard Smith, for distributing proclamations for a fast, in the county of 

Bristol, removing stock from the island of Prudence, &c 2 05 00 

William Channing, for his expenses and services as assistant clerk, at several 

sessions of the General Assembly 5 19 06 

Thomas Hubbart, for his time and expenses, in carrying a warrant to Col. 
Brown, at West Greenwich, to call together his regiment in consequence 
of an alarm 13 06 

Josias Lyndon, for his expenses in attending at several sessions of the Gen- 
eral Assembly, as clerk of the lower house 6 06 00 

Stephen Harding, for his expenses in going express to Boston 2 14 00 

Gideon Mumford, one of the standing committee of audit, for his time and 

expenses in attending the General Assembly, at Little Rest 3 13 06 

Benjamin Medbury, for his time and expenses in notifying the members of 
the General Assembly, in the county of Providence, to convene at East 
Greenwich 2 00 00 



110 Records of tMM state of rHode island [Dec- 

John Cartel-, for printing proclamations for a fast, and various acts of the 

General Assembly . -. 30 10 00 

John Fenner, for his time and expenses, in numbering the inhabitants of the 

town of Johnston ... 2 05 00 

Thomas Wells, for his time and expenses, in taking an account of the number 

of inhabitants of the town of Hopklnton 9 12 00 

Shearjashub Bourne, for his services in taking an account of the number of 

inhabitants in the town of Bristol 1 10 00 

George Peiree, for his time and expenses in numbering the inhabitants of the 

town of Exeter ' • ' ■ , 3 03 00 

Benjamin Underwood, for services and expenses in taking an account of the 

number of inhabitants in Jamestown 18 00 

James Congtfon, 3d, for his time and expenses in going express to Gov. 

Trumbull. . ,, 8 19 00 

William Willson Pollock, for his time and expenses in carrying orders to the 

captains in Col. Sands's regiment . . 2 13 00 

William Stevens, for his time and expenses in carrying warrants from the 

Governor to the several colonels of militia in the county of Providence. 2 14 00 

Martin Seamans and Theodore Foster, for their time and expenses in taking 

an account of the number of inhabitants in the town of Providence 3 14 00 

Daniel Rodman, for his expenses to New London, to negotiate for an ex- 
change of prisoners ■.-. i . ■. i 6 18 01 

Daniel Rodman for his time, horsediire and expenses, in going to New Lon- 
don, to watch the enemy's fleet ;i 4 02 00 

William Turner Miller, for his time in taking the number of inhabitants in 

the town of Warren . . ; * . 1 10 00 

Ephraim Westcott, for his time and expenses taking an account of the num- 
ber of inhabitants in the town of Coventry 3 00 00 

William Steven?, for his time and expenses, to Newport and South Kings- 
town, to notify the committee, appointed to act in the recess of the Gen- 
eral Assembly, to meet at Providence, in September last 2 16 00 

William Stevens, for his time and expenses, in going express to Lebanon 

and Hartford, to Governor Trumbull 5 11 00 

William Stevens, for his time and expenses, in going express from the Gov- 
ernor, to the General Court, at Boston i 3 10 00 

Nicholas Cooke, for part of the cargo, and sundry disbursements, on the 

sloop Diamond, fitted out for the government 86 18 04 

Rouse J. Helme, for his services in preparing the acts and orders of the Gen- 
eral Assembly for the press ; and as clerk to the council of war, &c 32 13 00 

Joseph Clarke, for superintending the printing of paper-bills 3 00 00 

■Cromel Child, for materials and labor on the flat-bottomed boats, ordered to 

be built for the service of the government 161 09 02 

Benjamin Mumford, for his time and expenses in going from Newport to 
Westerly ; and for two journeys from Newport to Providence, by order 
of John Collins, Esq., and Col. Cooke 5 17 00 

Nathaniel Mumford, one of the standing committee of audit, for his expenses 
at Providence, in examining a number of accounts, and for attending on 
the General Assembly 5 1 1 00 

Doctor Amos Throop, for sundry medicines delivered to Mr. Jacob Greene, 

for the use of the state 4 14 06 

James Arnold, for keeping the horses of a troop from Connecticut, under 

Capt. Hall 19 11 04 



1776.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. Ill 



Benjamin Lamed, tor expenses of himself ami eight men, and their horses, 

as a guard for ten prisoners, sent to Worcester jail 45 06 00 

John Brown, for provisions, liquors, &c, supplied by him, for the use of the 

troops stationed within this state 438 08 44 

Thomas Church, Esq., for his time and expenses, to Watertown, on public 
business; to New London, to negotiate an exchange of prisoners; and 
for cash paid Jonathan Brooks, for going express from New London to 
East Greenwich, to give information of the arrival there, of a flag from 
Lord Howe 13 09 05 

John Lassell, for two-and-threc-quarter loads of hay, supplied by him for the 

use of General Lincoln's baggage-teams 24 15 00 

Nicholas Cooke, for sixty-five barrels of flour, delivered to Commissary 

Aborn, for the use of the troops 181 15 01 

House J. Helme, for his attendance as clerk to the committee from the four 

states of New England 30 00 

God save the United States of America. 



Gen. Lee to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Pompton, 7th December, 1776. 

Dear Sir : — As there is now no doubt of the enemy's directing a considerable force 
towards your island, my duty to the public, and my regard for the welfare of your 
colony, in particular, urge me to every expedient which may be serviceable to you ; 
and I must entreat you not to impute the freedom with which I shall offer my thoughts 
upon this occasion, to a petulance of disposition, but to the most pure and disinterested 
zeal. 

I have, sir, from what I have observed of the New England troops, the highest con- 
fidence in the valor of your men and common run of your officers, particularly those 
who are of the younger part. They have activity and fire ; and in general, more 
knowledge than those advanceed in years, who are not only destitute of knowledge, 
but incapable, from a certain rustiness of mind and temper, of acquiring any. In fact, 
the only advantage of years in any profession is, that it enables us to add to our stock 
of knowledge. But if we do not avail ourselves of the days which nature has made a 
present of to us for this purpose, the more years have passed over our heads, the more 
disqualified are we, for the profession of a soldier, of any rank. 

Now it unfortunately happens in New England, that to the most disqualified the 
highest trusts are committed. To speak directly, the appointments of generals in your 
provinces, threaten destruction ; but in fact, it is impossible that you should have men 
equal to this arduous task. Theory joined to practice, or a heaven born genius, can 
alone constitute a general. As to the latter, God Almighty indulges' the modern 
world very rarely with the spectacle ; and I do not know, from what I have seen, that 
lie has been more profuse of this ethereal spirit to the Americans, than to other 
nations. 

But to come to the point : Rhode Island will probably be attacked ; your men and 
younger officers are good ; but I am persuaded you have no man with you, capable of 
conducting an army ; no man who has sufficient knowledge as an engineer. I have 
therefore resolved to send a gentleman, with whose great talents, activity and zeal I 
am well acquainted. His name is Malmedy, a Frenchman. I entreat, if you can. 
not give him the entire command, to be directed by his counsels. You must excuse 



112 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC, 

his heat of temper at times, as it is derived from a noble source of enthusiasm for your 
cause. Procure from him an able interpreter ; and treat him, as I am sure you will, 
with all the respect and attention he deserves. God bless you, sir. 

Believe me to be, most devotedly, yours, 

CHARLES LEE. 
To Governor Gooke. 

P. S. I believe I shall send you Colonel Varnum ; but 1 hope you will continue to 
sive Mr. Malmedv high colonial rank, which will lead him to Continental. 



The Governor of Rhode Island to Gen. Washington. 

Providence, December 8th, 1776, i 
Past 10 o'clock, P. M. \ 

Sir : — It is with great concern, I give you the disagreeable intelligence that the ene- 
my, with a fleet consisting of seventy-eight ships-of-war and transports, entered the 
harbor of Newport, yesterday. 

We had about six hundred men upon Rhode Island, who were obliged to evacuate 
it, with the loss of about fifteen or twenty heavy cannon ; having taken off the ammu- 
nition and stores, and the greatest part of the stock. The enemy have full possession 
of the island. 

I am informed by General West and Lieutenant Barron, of the Providence, that they 
landed this morning, about eight o'clock, with eight thousand men, who marched in 
three divisions ; one towards Newport, the second towards Howland's Ferry, and the 
third to Bristol Ferry ; where they arrived time enough to fire upon the boats that 
brought over our last men, but without doing damage. 

I have sent repeated expresses to the Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut. The 
forces of the former are upon the march, as I believe the latter are, also. In great 
haste. I am Your Excellency's most obedient, humble servant, 

NICHOLAS COOKE. 

To His Excellency General Washington. 

Gen. Washington to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Camp above Trenton Falls, j 
December 21st, 1776. \ 

Sir :— I have been honored with your favor of the 8th instant. The loss of Rhode 
Island gives me much concern, though an event that could not be well guarded 
against. 

I am happy that most of the stock had been removed ; and wish the cannon could 
have also been brought away, our want of them being great, by reason of our late 
losses. Notwithstanding this descent, and the intelligence of more ships going down 
the Sound, I cannot persuade myself that the enemy will attempt any thing capital 
upon the main ; they will most probably confine themselves to the island. But if they 
have other views, I trust that the succors from the two neighboring states, with your 
own force, will be able to baffle their most vigorous efforts, and prevent the progress of 
their arms. It would give me infinite pleasure if the situation of our affairs in this 
quarter, would allow me to afford you the assistance I could wish ; but it will not. All 
in my power to do, J have done. 

Upon the first intelligence that a fleet was going down the Sound, with troops on 
board, I wrote to Generals Spencer and Arnold, to repair to the eastward, and to pur- 






?\ 



■-■■ 







MAJOR CENERAL N ATH AN I EL G R E E N E 




1777.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 113 



sue such measures as circumstances should seem to require. My letter to General 
Arnold did not get to hand, owing to the uncertainty of his route, till he had almost 
reached this. He sets out to-morrow morning ; and 1 doubt not these two gentlemen 
will render you many essential services. In respect to the other aid, I cannot give 
you. 

The Delaware now divides our small force from General Howe's army, a large part 
of which is cantoned in the neighboring towns; which, from appearances, and many 
concurring reports, is only waiting an opportunity to pass. As soon as the ice is 
formed, they will try to effect it. General Howe's Object, beyond all question, is to 
possess Philadelphia ; and I could heartily wish there was not too much grounds for 
some disagreeable apprehensions on that head. Without more vigorous exertions on 
the part of the people, than what have appeared of late, I see but little to prevent him 
from accomplishing his purpose. 

In the course of a few days, the last of this month, the force I now have, by no 
means equal to his, will, by the impolicy and fatal system of short enlistments, be reduced 
to a mere handful, unless the militia can be prevailed on to give their aid. As yet, but 
very few, those of the city excepted, have got in motion, notwithstanding the most 
pressing solicitations, and apparent intentions of the enemy to invade their state and 
seize their capital. How things will turn out, the event must determine; at present, 
the prospect is gloomy. 1 have the honor to be, &c, 

GEO. WASHINGTON, 

To Governor Cooke, Rhode Island. 

Gen. Greene fo the Governor of Rhode Island. 



Coryell's Ferry, December 21st, 1 7 7 * > . 

Dear sir :-— By jour letter to General Washington, I find the British troops have 
landed on Rhode Island. Although I am sorry my own country should be subject to 
their ravages, yet I rejoice that they are surrounded by a people who are united, and 
firmly determined in opposition. 

You may be subject to a partial evil, but America cannot fail to reap the advantage. 
You think you are greatly infested with tories and disaffected ; but there is but the 
shadow of disaffection with you, to what there is here. The Friends, or Quakers, are, 
almost to a man, disaffected, Many have the affrontery to refuse the Continental cur- 
rency. This line of conduct cannot fail drawing down the resentment of the people 
upon them. The fright and disaffection was so great in the Jerseys, that in our re- 
treat of one hundred and odd miles, we were never joined by more than a hundred 
men. I dare say, had that army been in New England, we should not have been under 
the necessity of retreating twenty miles. 

We are now on the west side of the Delaware ; our force, though small, collected to. 
gether ; but small as it is, I hope to give the enemy a stroke in a few days. Should 
fortune favor the attack, perhaps it may put a stop to General Howe's progress. His 
ravages in the Jerseys exceed all description. Men slaughtered ; women ravished ; 
mothers and daughters ravished in presence of the husbands and sons, who were 
obliged to be spectators to their brutal conduct. I thereb\-, notwithstanding the gen- 
eral disaffection of a certain order of people, [believe] the army will fill up. Should 
that be the case, nothing is to be feared. 

By a vessel just arrived from France, with a valuable cargo, we learn a French war 
is inevitable. Short enlistments have been, in a great measure, the source of all the 
misfortunes that we labor under ; though, thank God ! but few to what we at first ex- 
pected. The Congress, in the infancy of politics, could not be brought to believe 
many serious truths. By attending to speculative principles rather than real life, their 

yor.. rill i 15 



114 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [JAN. 

maxims in war have been founded in folly. However, experience ripens judgment, 
and enables us to correct many an error in business that at first we could not conceive 
of; and I don't doubt the Congress in time will be as able politicians in military mat- 
ters, as they are in civil government. 

The eastern delegates made application to General Washington for me to come to 
Rhode Island, but the General would not consent. He thinks more is to be trusted to 
the virtue of your people than to the force of this country. As the enemy have got pos- 
session of Rhode Island, and done all the mischief they can, it will not be bad policy to 

let them remain in quiet, until spring. To attempt any against them, unless 

you are sure of success, will be a very dangerous manoeuvre. 'Tis an endless task to 
attempt to cover all the country. You must drive back the stock from the shores, and 
make a disposition to cover capital objects. By too great a division of your force, 
you'll be incapable of making any considerable opposition whenever they may think 
proper to make a descent. But it is my opinion they will be peaceable if you will ; for, 
from the best accounts we can get, they consist of the invalids of the army. They 
may attempt to plunder the shores, but nothing more than that, this winter ; for I am 
confident they have no hopes of penetrating into the country. If they make any de- 
scent, it will be against Providence, to seize the stores and burn the town. This is 
very probable ; as thfi tories will endeavor, in Newport, to spirit them on to such an 
attempt ; but unless it is already done, you have nothing to fear. 

I am told some malicious reports [have been] propagated industriously about me, re- 
specting the loss of the baggage and stores at Fort Lee. They are as malicious as they 
are untrue. I can bring very good vouchers for my conduct, in every instance ; and 
have the satisfaction to have it approved by the General, under Avhom I serve. Every 
thing was got off" from that place that could be, with the roads and wagons Ave had to 
move the stores with. The evacuation of Fort Lee was determined upon several 
days before the enemy landed above us ; and happily, all the most valuable stores 
were away. The enemy's publication of the cannon and stores then taken, is a grand 
falsehood ; not an article of military stores was left there, or nothing worth men- 
tioning. 

The Congress have removed to Baltimore. General Spencer and General Arnold 
are coming to take the command at Rhode Island. Arnold is a fine, spirited fellow, 
and an active general. I hope they keep the enemy at bay. My respects to your 
family, and all my Providence friends. 

Believe me to be, with the greatest respect, 

Your most obedient and very humble servant, 

NATH. GREENE. 

To Governor Cooke. 

Gen. Washington to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Morristown, January the 20th, 1777. 

Sir — I am exceeding sorry to hear your state has ordered several battalions to be 
raised for the defence of the state, only ; and this, before proper measures are taken to 
fill the Continental regiments. 

You cannot be insensible how unequal any one state is, unconnected with the others, 
to defend itself, if the enemy should make a descent against it, with any considerable 
force ; neither have you the least reason to think you would desire less protection from 
the troops, if they were raised upon the Continent's account, than that of the state. If 
each state was to prepare for its own defence, independent of the others, they would 
all be conquered in a short time, one by one. Our success must depend on a firm 
union, and a strict adherence to the general plan ; other measures may produce a par- 
tial relief, but never can remove the principal evil. 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 115 

You must bo sensible the season is fast approaching, when a new campaign will 
open ; nay, the former is not yet closed ; neither do I intend it shall, unless the enemy 
quit the Jerseys. 

It is of the last importance to the interest of America, that the new regiments be 
speedily levied ; it will give me an opportunity in the forepart of the campaign, before 
the enemy can collect their force, or receive any reinforcement from home, to give 
them a fatal stab. Such a blow, in the beginning of the season, might terminate the 
campaign to great advantage. I am sure the necessity of having the Continental regi- 
ments immediately completed, is too obvious, to need any further arguments. I hope 
the powers of government are such, as to complete the new levies by draught, if they 
cannot be filled seasonably by voluntary enlistments. 

Necessity obliges me to call on you (as I shall on every other state), in the most 
pressing terms, to complete, without delay, your proportion of the eighty-eight bat- 
talions. I am confident the raising of the two regiments at the expense of the state 
before the Continental regiments are complete, can answer no valuable purpose. If the 
enemy should make a descent upon Rhode Island with any considerable force, the op- 
position of two regiments will be inconsiderable. If they only infest the coast with 
their ships, the militia will answer a better purpose, and at a far less expense. I must 
confess I am ignorant of the reasons that induced the Assembly to adopt the measure ; 
neither can I conceive of the use and policy of the scheme ; I wish it may not be pro- 
ductive of more injury than benefit, by introducing innovations and changes, that 
must retard the filling the Continental regiments, and consequently prejudice the gen- 
eral interest, which every state must have an eye to. The obligation on your stateis 
greater than on any other ; being most exposed, and the least capable of making a 
separate defence. 

Our affairs here, are in a very prosperous train. Within a month past, in several 
engagements with the enemy, we have killed, wounded and taken prisoners between 
two and three thousand. I am very confident the enemy's losses will oblige them to 
re-call their force from your state. If I am properly supported, I hope to close the 
campaign gloriously for America. 

I am, with the greatest regard and esteem, sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

GEO. WASHINGTON. 

To Governor Cooke. 

Gen. Greene to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Morristown, January the 23d, 1777. 

Dear Sir : — I am exceeding unhappy to hear of your resolution of raising troops at 
the expense of the state, before your proportion of the Continental regiments is com- 
pleted. The forming of new regiments only serve to burthen the state without giving 
it any additional strength. 

There is not a state upon the Continent whose interest and happiness depends so 
much on a union with the others, as yours. You are the most exposed, and the least 
capable of making a separate defence ; consequently, 'tis your interest to cultivate every 
measure that may tend to form the union of strength ; and it must be considered bad 
policy to give an example to others, from which you can derive little or no advantage, 
and that may prove so ruinous in its consequences. 

Suppose, for instance, every state was to neglect the completion of the Continental 
regiments, and prepare for their own internal security ? where is the state that's able 
to withstand the enemy's collective force ? If the Continent had troops enough on foot 
to baffle all the enemy's attempts, and were located to particular states, they must in- 
evitably fall a sacrifice for want of a power of drawing the whole collective force to- 



116 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [JA$. 

gether. You have no reason to hope, if you neglect the general interest, and take 
measures for your own particular safety, but that others will do the same ; and it is a 
folly to expect that troops raised for the defence of any particular state, will enter into 
the service of the states. In general, it is in vain to expect more of soldiers than they 
are bound by contract to execute; 

The source of all our evils has been, by taking measures from speculative principles, 
rather than from real life* The policy of the states has been pregnant with many evils, 
by rating our patriotism too high; This kind of policy has distressed the army beyond 
description ; and if I mistake not, this measure of yours has a direct tendency to con j 
tinue things in the same channel ; it may afford you a temporary relief, but never can 
remove the principal evil. 

Divine Providence has given a very favorable turn to affairs, and at an hour when 
people least expected it. J\ T oic is the happy hour to complete the Continental establish- 
ment. Every state to the southward is exerting itself to fill up its proportion ; not a 
moment should be lost. If the regiments don't fill up by voluntary enlistments, they 
must be draughted. I hope the powers of government are strong enough to do it. I 
have not the least shadow of doubt upon my mind, of the success of the war, if the dif- 
ferent states raise their men ; but on that, the whole depends. 

I hope the cause is not less righteous, nor opposition less necessary, than it was at the 
commencement of this dispute. It was a folly to embark in the cause, and sink 
under the weight of a few misfortunes. He that goes to Avar, and always expects a 
flowing tide, is a novice in the art, and ignorant of human affairs. Our sufferings 
though great, bear no proportion to our expectations at first. Our resources are daily 
increasing : we have now a fine nursery of officers, whose judgments are daily ripening 
by experience and observation. A systematic plan is formed for the exertion of our 
whole strength. Magazines, arms and military stores of every kind, are forming and 
formed, to supply the wants of the army. If it was prudent to engage in this war, 
without any of those advantages, how foolish must our conduct appear,- to despair at 
an hour when we have much to hope, and little to fear. 

I must confess I did not expect to find the Americans such slaves to contingencies; 
but more especially New England, and in particular Rhode Island. Such a depression 
of spirit under misfortunes, and elevation upon successes, betrays a want of principle 
and fortitude, that I would fain flatter myself were the foundation of our opposition; 
Let any man examine the history of any war in Europe, and compare ours with theirs, 
and see if there has any thing happened different from the common course of events 
that attend every war. Nay, I think we have abundant cause to bless God that our' 
sufferings have not been greater than they have. A general officer is in a very disa- 
greeable situation ; subject to the censure and reproach of every little dirty politician, 
ignorant of every circumstance necessary to form a right judgment. But such is the 
disposition of mankind, that success only marks the man of wisdom, while the unfortu- 
nate are execrated without any allowances for Providential interpositions or human 
accidents- 

I am very sorry to hear of the distraction and confusion that prevails in your coun- 
cils and public measures. The liberality with which you confer favors on some, 
and fix stigmas on others, must make men of real merit somewhat cautious how they 
put themselves in a situation where they may be reduced from the highest pitch of 
glory, to the lowest state of contempt. It was ever the policy of the Romans to be 
cautious whom they trusted, and how they disgraced those they had once honored. 

I saw a letter from one Malmedy, a French gentleman, to His TOxcellency General 
Washington, Whom you have appointed a brigadier general; and a copy of a letter 
from General Lee, to your state, recommending him for a chief colonel's commission; 
General Lee's letter contains some infamous and very illiberal reflections upon the 
genius of all the New England states ; however just the observations, with respect to 
particular appointments, 'tis certainly very unjust when applied to the whole body of 



1777.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 117 



the people. There are us many men of spirit, activity and understanding in New Eng- 
land, as in any part of the world, according to tlieir numbers. 

A novelty of things of foreign growth, often makes us rate them above those of more 
solid worth of our production. The gentleman that General Lee recommended, may 
be deserving, and possess every quality ascribed to him ; but 1 must confess I have 
not the highest veneration fbr the General's recommendation. His temper scarce ad- 
mits of a proper medium to form a just estimate of people and things. His approba- 
tion and execration depend often upon trifles ; besides, the General don't know the 
power he has over the Americans, and consequently is not cautious enough in his re- 
commendations not to abuse it. 

Some amongst you, I am told, are uncharitable enough to charge the army with a 
design of protracting the war for their own private advantage. The bosonl that can 
harbor such a thought, must be very ill principled, and ignorant of our sufferings. For 
my own part, Heaven knows there is not a man in America, that would more sincerely 
rejoice at the close of this unhappy dispute, than myself; neither have I a single wish to 
continue in service a moment longer than the interest and happiness of my country re- 
quire it. I would freely give place to any man that should be found more deserving. 
I am conscious of having faithfully discharged my duty to the utmost of my power ; 
and although I have not beeh able to command success, I have religiously endeavored 
to deserve it. I am happy in the confidence of the general whose merit and worth 
cannot be too highly rated. 

Yet I am told there are sonle ungodly tongues among you (whose greatest virtue 
don't equal the General's very vices), who give themselves a latitude of censure. 

Ever since the Trenton affair, we have had a continual train of successes. The Lord 
Betettis to have smote the enemy with a panic. I Wish our strength would admit a 
proper improvement ; but our delicate situation requires the utmost caution and pru- 
dence. The enemy are near three thousand weaker than they were a month ago. 

Our parties have daily skirmishes, in which We have been always successful. His 
Excellency has ordered General Heath to advance on Newport, to co-operate with us ; 
the result of which I have not learned ; but we have a rumor it is attended with suc- 
cess . General Spencer and Arnold are with you in this ; I long to hear of your situa. 
tion. I expect General Knox will pass through Providence. I beg leave to recom- 
mend him to your warmest friendship, as a most deserving man. His spirit, military 
knowledge and ripeness of judgment, is inferior to very few, if any, in America. I shall 
close this long letter, with strongly recommending the filling the Continental regiments 
immediately. I am, with the greatest sincerity and truth, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

NATH. GREENE. 

To Governor Cooke. 

John Hancock, President of the Continental Congress, to the General 
Assent big of Rhode Island. 

Baltimore, January 81st, 1777. 

Gentlemen :— ^As there is not a more distinguished event in the history of America, 
than the declaration of her Independence — nor any that, in all probability, will so 
much excite the attentioh of future ages, it is highly proper, that the memory of that 
transaction, together with the causes that gave rise to it> should be preserved in the 
most careful manner that can be devised. 

I am therefore commanded by Congress, to transmit to you the enclosed copy of the 
*»ct of independence, with the list of the several members of Congress, subscribed 



118 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [FEB. 

thereto ; and to request that you will cause the same to be put upon record, that it may 
henceforth form a part of the archives of your state and union, a lasting testimony of 
your approbation of that necessary and important measure. 
I have the honor to be, gentlemen, 

Your most obedient and very humble servant, 

JOHN HANCOCK, President. 
To the Honorable Assembly of the state of Rhode Island. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, on the first 
Monday in February, 1777. 

The Hon. Nicholas Cooke, Governor. 

The Hon. William Bradford, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Brown, Henry 
Ward and Daniel Rodman, Esqs., be, and they are hereby, 
appointed a committee to draught letters in answer to 
the letters received from His Excellency General Washing- 
ton and General Greene ; that they also draught a letter to 
Congress ; that they make report, as soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that Col. Samuel Aborn be, and 
he is hereby, empowered to draw out of the general treasu- 
ry the sum of <£200, lawful money, for the use of the troops 
raised by this state. 

Whereas, the committee from the town council of the 
town of Providence represented unto this Assembly, that 
the house at present improved for a hospital, for the small 
pox, is very inconvenient for the purpose ; as thereby, a 
very important pass, to and from the town, in case of an at- 
tack from the enemy, is greatly obstructed ; and the carry- 
ing thither persons who break out with that distemper, 
gives great uneasiness to the troops stationed in said town, 
who, by reason of the vicinity of the hospital thereto, are 
in great danger of taking the distemper ; a communication 
of which, among the troops, at this critical period, would be 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 119 

attended with the most fatal conseqences ; and that consid- 
eration thereof, induced the Honorable Major General Spen- 
cer to request that a more suitable place for a hospital might 
be procured in a retired situation. 

In consequence of which, a town meeting was called, 
which appointed a person to look out for such a place ; who 
reported to the town council, that he found no place so suit- 
able for the purpose, as a house in North Providence, owned 
by Jesse Lealand, about three miles from the market, in 
said town of Providence ; and thereupon, the said commit- 
tee requested that the said town council, or a suitable com- 
mittee, appointed by this Assembly for that purpose, might 
be empowered to make use of the house of the said Jesse 
Lealand, for the purpose, aforesaid, they paying a reasona- 
ble rent therefor ; and that they, or said committe, might 
be empowered to remove thither any persons who may be 
taken sick with the small pox in said town of Providence ; 
and to grant liberty to some suitable person to inoculate 
those who live in said house, and have not had the distem- 
per, if they have an inclination therefor ; or such as may be 
employed as nurses at said hospital ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the town council 
of the town of Providence be, and they are hereby, empow- 
ered to take possession of the house owned by Jesse Lea- 
land, in North Providence, for the purpose, aforesaid ; they 
allowing a reasonable rent for the use of the same, and 
the damages the tenant, John Jenckes Durfey, may suffer 
by his sudden removal ; and that upon any persons being 
carried into said house, who may have taken the small pox, 
in the natural way, that the tenant, his family and the 
nurses, may be inoculated ; and that the same be under the 
direction of the town council of the town of Providence ; 
and that they request General Spencer to place the neces- 
sary guards. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committees of safety 
within this state be, and they are hereby, directed to pay 
the additional wages allowed to the officers who accepted 



120 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [FEB. 

Continental commissions, in the regiments lately under the 
command of the Colonels Richmond and Lippitt. 

It is voted and resolved, that the field-officers, captains, 
lieutenants, ensigns, and other officers and privates of the 
militia and alarm-list, within this state, who have been 
draughted, and have done, or shall do, duty, agreeably to 
the acts of this Assembly, passed at the last session, shall re- 
ceive the following wages and rations, to wit : 

Pa/I and Rations of the Officers and Soldiers of the 31ititia. 

Rations per day. 



- 

4 

o 

- O 

- 2 

2 

2 
= 2 

4 
, 1 

1 
- 1 

1 
. 1 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the captains, 
lieutenants and ensigns, of the several independent compa- 
nies within this state, who have been draughted, and have 
done, or shall do, duty, as is above specified, shall be entitled 
to, and receive the same wages that are allowed to the offi- 
cers of the militia and alarm-list, and the same number of 
rations that are allowed the several militia officers with 
whom they respectively rank ; and that the non-commis- 
sioned officers and privates of said companies, also receive 
the same bounties, wages and rations, as are allowed to the 



Wages per month, 




£ s. 


A colonel - 


22 10 


A lieutenant colonel. 


18 00 


A major - 


15 00 


A captain 


12 00 


A lieutenant 


8 02 


An ensign 


6 00 


An adjutant 


12 00 


A quartermaster - 


7 10 


A major of brigade, 


9 18 


Sergeants 


2 08 


Corporals * 


-2 04 


Drummers - 


2 04 


Fifers 


2 04 


Privates 


2 00 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 121 

non-commissioned officers and privates of the militia, or 
alarm-list, as aforesaid. 

It is voted and resolved, that the schooner Mary, Thomas 
Williams, master, belonging to William Brown, of Dighton, 
in the state of Massachusetts Bay, be permitted to proceed 
to Hispaniola, under the regulations and restrictions with 
which vessels have heretofore been permitted to sail, by the 
council of war. 

It is voted and resolved, that the non-commissioned offi- 
cers and privates, who have enlisted into the brigade rais- 
ing by this state, for iifteen months, may enlist into the 
Continental battalions raising by this state ; and that they 
receive, therefor, an additional bounty, so as to make it equal 
to the bounty allowed to able-bodied men enlisting into said 
battalions. 

Whereas, Messrs. Job Spencer, William Hopkins and 
Thomas Matteson, preferred a petition to this Assembly, 
setting forth that they were draughted in the first division 
in Col. Brown's regiment, and warned to appear at East 
Greenwich, on the 7th day of January last past ; that they 
did not appear until the 20th day of the same month ; and 
thereupon prayed that they might be permitted to make up 
their deficiency, by serving an equal number of days in the 
second division, and be exempted from the fine which by 
law they are liable to ; and the premises being duly con- 
sidered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of said petition 
be, and the same is hereby, granted. 

It is voted and resolved, that every non-commissioned of- 
ficer and private soldier belonging to this state, who shall 
enlist for three years, or during the present war with Great 
Britain, shall, in addition to the pay and encouragement 
given by the Continental Congress, be entitled to, and re- 
ceive, the sum of .£16, lawful money, on his passing muster, 
which shall be in lieu of all other bounty and encourage- 
ment heretofore offered by the General Assembly of this 
state ; and that this Assembly will furnish each non- 



122 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [FEB. 

commissioned officer and private, who shall enlist as afore- 
said, with arms and accoutrements, a blanket and knapsack, 
in behalf of the Continent. 

An Act for the relief of persons of tender consciences, and 
and for preventing their being burthened with military 
duty. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that any person inhabiting with- 
in this state, and of sober life and conversation, who can, and 
shall frankly and freely take the affirmation hereinafter pre- 
scribed, before the Governor, Deputy Governor, or either of 
the assistants, or justices of the superior court, and produce 
a certificate, thereof; or if one of the people called Quakers, 
shall produce a certificate from the clerk of the monthly 
meeting; to which he belongs, that he is a member of their 
religious society, such certificate shall excuse such person 
from all military duty, whatever. 

The Form of the Affirmation. 

" I, A. B., do sincerely affirm and declare, that the art of 
war and fighting, and the use and exercise of arms, therein, 
either offensively or defensively, is utterly inconsistent with 
my belief, as a Christian ; and that I do not decline and re- 
fuse the use, thereof, out of obstinacy, or singularity, but 
for conscience sake. And this affirmation I make and give, 
without evasion or mental reservation. " 

And it is particularly recommended and enjoined on all 
officers, empowered by this act to administer this affirmation, 
that they be careful to make inquiry into the lives and con- 
versation of such as apply to them, for the benefit of the 
same ; and be satisfied that they are of sober lives and con- 
versation, agreeably to the intent of this act, before he ad- 
administer the same ; any law, custom or usage, to the con- 
trary in any wise, notwithstanding. 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 123 

Provided, nevertheless, that any thing before contained 
in this act be not understood, or construed to extend, to ex- 
cuse the persons taking- the affirmation, or producing the 
certificates before mentioned, from appearing at the request 
of any civil magistrate to extinguish fires, remove sick per- 
sons, women and children, and from affording any kind of 
assistance, of a charitable or merely civil nature, upon any 
time of public calamity and distress. 

And it is hereby farther enacted and declared, that the act 
for relief of persons of tender consciences, made in the year 
1743, and that paragraph in the act for regulating the mi- 
litia, that requires certain duties of persons of tender con- 
sciences, be, and the same are hereby, repealed. 

And be it further enacted, that no person shall be excused 
from any future military duty, by his having taken the af- 
firmation, as by the law heretofore enacted. 

An Act empowering the general treasurer to hire the sum 
of £50,000, lawful money. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that the general treasurer be, 
and he is hereby, empowered and directed to hire the sum 
of £50,000, lawful money ; that he issue his notes therefor ; 
that not any note be issued for a less sum than $5 ; and 

that said notes be made payable to , or order, within 

five years from the date thereof with interest at four cent, 
per annum, until paid. 

And it is further enacted, that the form of the notes be 
as follows : 

Form of the Xotcs to be issued by the Treasurer. 

a State of Rhode Island and ) 
Providence Plantations, j" 
By virtue of an act of the General Assembly of said state, 
and as general treasurer thereof, for value received, I prom- 
ise to pay , or order, dollars, within five 

years from this date, with interest at four per cent, per an- 



1.000 " 


" six " 


1,000 « 


" seven '' 


1.000 - 


" eight 


1,000 « 


u £ en 


1,000 « 


" twenty k * 


1,000 " 


" thirty " 



124 UECORDS OE THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [FeE: 

num. until paid. Witness my hand, this -^ day of 

, A. D. 1777." 

And it is further enacted, that the number of notes here^ 
after mentioned, be of the following denominations, to wit : 
1,000 notes, of five dollars - - - - $5,000 

0,000 

- 7.000 
8,000 

- 10,000 
20,000 

- 30,000 

And that the remainder be given for such sums as may 
suit the persons who take them. 

And be it further enacted, that the said notes be printed 
with the escutcheons and borders used in striking the last 
bills of public credit ; that the general treasurer be, and he 
is hereby., appointed to superintend the press ; and that he 
keep a fair register of the order and manner Of signing said 
notes, and to whom given. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the notes, aforesaid, shall be a lawful tender, for paying and 
discharging all debts and demands, whatever, in the same 
manner as the lawful money bills of this state are made a 
legal tender. 

Whereas, a number of inhabitants of the town of West- 
erly, preferred a petition to this Assembly, setting forth, that 
for want of a proper guard to watch the shores upon the 
sea-coast of said town, they are very much exposed to the 
ravages of the enemy; and are almost daily alarmed by 
their shipping passing and re-passing their sea-coast, in 
si<jrht of said town, where it is easy for them to land their 
men ; and thereupon prayed this Assembly to take their 
case into consideration, and enact that a guard Or watch, of 
such a number of men as may be thought sufficient, may be 
appointed to watch the shores upon their sea-coast ; and 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 125 

that this Assembly would appoint Capt. Samuel Champlin, 
who lives near the shore, to have the care of said watch ; — 

Whereupon, it is voted and resolved, that said petition 
he, and the same is hereby, referred to the Honorable Major 
General Spencer. 

It is voted and resolved, that the schooner Betsey, where- 
of Timothy Dagget is master, be permitted to sail for Bal- 
timore, in Maryland, under the regulations and restrictions 
with which vessels have been heretofore permitted to sail, 
by the council of war. 

It is voted and resolved, that all members of the General 
Assembly, who are drawn in the second or third division of 
the alarm-list of this state, be excused from doing duty in 
said divisions at any time during a session of this Assem- 
bly, and one day before the sitting thereof, and two days 
after the rising of the same. 

It is voted and resolved, that Immanuel Case, Esq., be, 
and he is hereby, appointed the fifth justice of the inferior 
court of common pleas, for Kings county ; and that the 
other puisne justices, namely : John Northup, Carder Has- 
zard and Joseph Hoxsie, be advanced ; Sylvester Robinson, 
Esq., having vacated his seat. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Weeden, who lately 
came from the island of Jamestown, confine himself to such 
parts of the town of Warwick as lie northward and west- 
ward one mile and-a-half from the salt water ; and if he 
shall transgress said limits, without permission first had and 
obtained therefor from this Assembly ; or in their recess, 
from the council of war ; that the several sheriffs and their 
deputies, within this state, are hereby directed forthwith to 
apprehend and commit him to the jail in the county in 
which he may be apprehended ; and the secretary is direct- 
ed immediately to transmit a copy hereof, to the said John 
Weeden. 

It is voted and resolved, that Benjamin Gardner, who 
lately came from the island of Rhode Island, forthwith re- 
move to the town of Exeter, and that he confine himself 



126 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [FEB. 

within said town ; and if he shall not, within three days after 
the rising of this Assembly, proceed to said town of Exeter, or, 
if he shall, after his arrival there, transgress the limits as- 
signed him, without permission therefor, first had from this 
Assembly ; or, in the recess thereof, from the council of war, 
the sheriff, or their deputies within this state, are directed 
forthwith to apprehend and commit him to the jail in the 
county in which he may be apprehended. 

And it is further resolved, that he remove to said town, 
and continue within the same, at his own expense ; and the 
secretary is directed to furnish the said Benjamin Gardner 
with a copy hereof, as soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that the resolve of Congress, of 
the 14th ult,, to prevent the depreciation of the Continental 
currency, be published in the next Providence Gazette. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, chose 
the following officers, to wit : 

Officers in the two Continental Battalions to he raised in this /State. 

FIRST BATTALION. 

Samuel Ward, major. 

John Topham, Elijah Lewis and Oliver Clarke, captains. 

John Whitmarsh, Peleg Hoxsie, Elias Hull, James Webb., 
Ichabod Prentice, Edward Slocum and William Davis, Jr., 
first lieutenants. 

Elias Blanchard, Elias Thompson, Jr., Samuel Northup, 
Richmond Springer, William Gardner, Henry Tew, Jr., 
Jonathan Davis and Daniel Tillinghast, ensigns. 

John Holden, Jr., adjutant. 

SECOND BATTALION. 

Israel Angell, Esq., colonel. 
Jeremiah Olney, Esq., lieutenant colonel. 
Simeon Thayer, Esq., major. 

David Dexter, Christopher Dyer, Stephen Olney, William 
Allen and William Potter, captains, 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 127 

Thomas Hughes, Dutee Jerauld, Ebenezer West and 
Thomas Waterman, first lieutenants. 

N. B. Two of the vacancies for first lieutenants, are to 
be filled by Sylvanus Shaw and William Humphrey, as soon 
as it is known they are exchanged. 

Oliver Jenckes and Benedict Tew, second lieutenants. 

John Harris, Thomas Waterman and Jabez Arnold, 
ensigns. 

N. B. Two of the vacancies for ensigns, are to be filled 
by Matthew Coggeshall and John Finch ; who are to be 
chosen as soon as it is known they are exchanged. 

John Remington, adjutant. 

In grand committee, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the earliest inquiry be made, 
by application to His Excellency General Washington, to 
know whether Colonel Greene will soon be exchanged ; and 
if there is no probability thereof, — 

It is further voted and resolved, that this Assembly, or, in 
their recess, the council of war, will appoint Lieut. Col. Archi- 
bald Crary, to command the first battalion of this state, for 
the Continental service ; and the said Colonel Crary is re- 
quested in the mean time, to give his utmost assistance, in 
filling and disciplining said regiment. 

Both houses being still in a grand committee, chose 
the following officers, to wit : 

A Delegate chosen to the Continenicd Congress, together with sundry 
Civil and Military Officers for the State. 

Henry Marchant, Esq., a delegate to represent this state 
in the Honorable Continental Congress. 

William Greene, Esq., chief; Shearjashub Bourn, Esq., 
second ; Jabez Bowen, Esq., third ; Thomas Wells, Esq., 
fourth ; Perez Richmond, Esq., fifth ; justices of the superior 
court of assize and general jail delivery, within and through- 
out the state. 

John Park, captain ; and Gideon Hoxsie, Jr., lieutenant, 



128 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [FEB. 

of the first company of militia, in the town of Charles- 
town. 

Barber Peckham, first lieutenant, in Captain Royzel 
Smith's company. 

Samuel Bissell, first lieutenant, in Capt. Samuel Phillips's 
company, in the room of Christopher Brown, who declines. 

Job Clapp, second lieutenant ; and Christopher Phillips, 
ensign, of said company. 

Rufus Barton, first lieutenant, in Captain Benjamin 
Church's company, in Colonel Tallman's regiment. 

Edward Sands, surgeon of the regiment of artillery. 

It is voted and resolved, that the post-riders in this state, 
regularly appointed, be, and they are hereby, exempted 
from military service, during their continuance in the duty 
of post-riders. 

It is voted and resolved, that William Potter and Daniel 
Rodman, Esqs., be, and they are hereby, empowered to lease 
out the real estates, heretofore taken possession of, by this 
state, in Kings county, to such persons only as have sub- 
scribed the test, or declaration, ordered to be subscribed by 
the inhabitants of this state ; that they receive the rents 
due for the said estates, from the tenants to whom they 
were formerly leased, and pay the same to the committee of 
safety, in Kings county, taking their receipts therefor, as so 
much money received by their hands, of the general treasu- 
rer ; and that they make report of their proceedings to this 
Assembly, as soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that Stephen Babcock be cap- 
tain of the second company of militia, in the town of South 
Kingstown, in the room of James Parker, who is appointed 
in one of the fifteen months' regiments ; and that Joseph 
Carpenter be first lieutenant of said company, in the room 
of Barber Peckham, who is appointed in one of the said 
fifteen months' regiments. 

It is voted and resolved, that all persons who have been 
called upon to do duty in the first or second draught of the 
militia and alarm-list, ordered to be made by this Assembly, 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 129 

and were members of the Society of Friends, at the time of 
their being draughted, as aforesaid, shall be excused from 
any fine incurred by their neglecting said duty ; and if com- 
mitted to jail for the non-payment thereof, they shall be 
discharged from said confinement, upon their producing a 
certificate thereof, from the clerk of the monthly meeting, 
to the commanding officer within whose district he may 
live ; any law to the contrary hereof, notwithstanding. 

Whereas, the standing committee, for auditing accounts, 
presented unto this Assembly an account of the names of 
sundry persons in Colonel Stanton's regiment, who have re- 
ceived their pay twice ; which is as follows, to wit : 

Report of the Standing Committee relative to Sundry Soldiers who 
had received their Pay Twice. 

It appears, upon comparing the accounts of John Nor- 
thup, Esq., with Colonel Joseph Stanton's, that the following 
persons have received of said Stanton the sums against 
their names, and afterwards their whole wages of said 
Northup : 

William Gardner, in Stanton's account 
Marlborough Stanton, per receipt, July 29 

" « « August 23 

John Welch, per two receipts, August 9 and 24, 
John Smith, " " " August 16 - 
Peleg Lewis, two receipts, August 15 and 27 

£21 7 6 
The above persons were of Capt. Augustus Stanton's 
company. NATHANIEL MUMFORD, 

THOMAS GREENE, 
GIDEON MUMFORD. 

Whereupon, it is voted and resolved, that Thomas Arnold, 
the present captain of said company, deduct the above 
mentioned sums from the wages due to William Gardner, 



■£6 


12 





3 


04 





3 


00 


6 


2 


19 





1 


10 





■ 4 


02 






130 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [FEB. 

Marlborough Stanton, John Welch, John Smith and Peleg 
Lewis ; and that he pay said sums into the general treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that the director of the general 
hospital in this state, and the hospital surgeon, be, and they 
are hereby, empowered to make such appointments as are 
necessary for the service, and respectively appertain to 
them, or either of them, to appoint ; regulating their num- 
bers according to the rules of the Continental army, and in 
proportion to the number of troops for wdiich such hospital 
shall be used ; that their mates respectively draw the same 
pay and rations as are allowed and drawn by hospital mates 
in the general hospitals of the Continental army. 

That the director agree with all others necessary for the 
service, upon the best terms he can, not exceeding the pay 
and rations allowed those in similar stations in the Conti- 
nental hospitals. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that all officers and 
soldiers in the service of this state, when in hospital, draw 
their rations from the steward, according to the regulations 
therefor. 

It is voted and resolved, that the officers and soldiers in 
the militia, alarm-list and independent companies, w T ho may 
be draughted to do duty w r ithin this state, agreeably to the 
resolve of this Assembly, be not allowed any rations when 
when absent from their duty on furlough, or when in the 
hospital. 

Whereas, it will be for the general good and particular 
advantage of this state, to tax the inhabitants and ratable 
estates therein, — 

It is voted and resolved, that at the next session of this 
Assembly a tax shall be made, for such a sum as it shall 
then be judged the state can bear. 

And that, for the more equitable apportioning the same, 
upon the several towns, Thomas Church, Esq., Mr. John 
Brown, George Pierce, James Arnold and Shearjashub 
Bourn, Esqs., be, and they are hereby, appointed a commit- 
tee to estimate their difference in value and ability, since 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 131 

the last general estimate was taken ; and that said commit- 
tee make their report to this Assembly on the third day of 
the next session. 



Protest against the Votes of the General Assembly, for Taxhuj the 
Towns of Newport, Portsmouth, New Shorcham, Jamestown and 
Middletown. 

We, the subscribers, beg leave to protest against the vote of this house, for estimating 
the towns of Newport, Portsmouth, New Shoreham, Jamestown and Middletown, upon 
the tax proposed now to be levied upon the inhabitants of this state, for the following 
reasons : 

1. Because the said towns at present, are in the hands of our enemies, and it would 
appear preposterous to apportion a tax on those towns, until there is a power to levy 
the same. 

2. Because, while they are in possession of the enemy, it is impossible to make any 
satisfactory judgment of the value of the estates, or the capacity of the inhabitants to 
pay such tax. 

3. Nor can it be known what waste may be made before the enemy may be obliged 
to surrender them. 

4. Because taxation and representation ever ought to go hand in hand, an idea an 
American ought never to depart from ; but at present some of those towns are entirety 
without representation, and the others but partially represented. 

5. Because it must answer every desirable end, that their true proportion of the 
present tax, be hereafter apportioned upon them, when it may be in our power to levy 
it; and that it may be speedily in our power, is our most ardent wish. 

JOHN TANNER, JAMES CONGDON, 3d, 

BENJAMIN UNDERWOOD, IMMANUEL CASE. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Jenckes be re 
quested to have the small arms brought from Bedford, be- 
longing to this state, cleaned and repaired. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. Jacob Greene and 
David Howell, be, and they are hereby, appointed forthwith 
to proceed to Baltimore, in Maryland, with the accounts of 
this state against the Continent ; and that they present the 
same, and apply to Congress for the balance due to this 
state. 

Whereas, Jonathan Haszard, Esq., paymaster to one of the 
battalions ordered to be raised within this state, is now in 
the Jerseys, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that Charles Holden, 
Esq., be, and he is hereby, appointed to officiate as paymas- 



132 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [FEB. 

ter to said battalion, until the return of the said Jonathan 
Haszard. 

Whereas, Messrs. Christopher Whipple and John Therlo 
preferred a petition to this Assembly, setting forth, that on 
the 26th day of January last, being bound from Turks 
Island to the port of Providence, with a cargo of salt, lead, 
iron, cotton-wool, &c, they were steering for the harbor of New- 
port, not knowing the enemy were in possession thereof, until 
they discovered their shipping; that they sent a boat on shore 
to make inquiry, and being informed that they were part of 
the enemy's fleet, they put the vessel about, and steered for 
the Eastern Sound, being pursued by two of the enemy's 
ships ; that in order to escape them, they again put about, and 
steered for the Western Sound ; when they presently dis- 
covered eleven sail of the enemy's fleet coming down the 
Sound, standing for Newport, who fired upon them ; that 
being still pursued by the two vessels, aforesaid, they were 
reduced to the necessity of running the vessel aground, on 
Point Judith shore ; that in order to save their effects from 
falling into the hands of the enemy, they cut away their 
mast, and got the sails and some of her rigging ashore, with 
two bags of cotton-wool, and a number of other articles, 
when the enemy getting possession of the vessel, set her on 
fire about seven o'clock, in the evening, and immediately 
left her ; upon which, the said John Therlo, with some as- 
sistance, extinguished the fire about two o'clock, the same 
night, and went about getting the salt on shore, a quantity 
of which was saved ; as was also a quantity of the iron, 
cotton-wool, part of rum, a cask of porter, and a number of 
of other articles, which are now in the hands of Stephen 
Potter, of South Kingstown, and other persons, who un- 
justly detain the same from them ; and thereupon prayed 
this Assembly to appoint a suitable committee to make ex- 
amination respecting the premises, with power to act and 
determine thereon, as to right and justice shall pertain ; and 
the premises being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of said petition 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 133 

be, and the same is hereby, granted ; and that John Nor- 
tlmp, Esq., Mr. Robert Stevens, Jr. and Col. Richard Fry, be 
the committee for the purposes therein mentioned. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Northup, Esq., as one 
of the committee of safety, be, and he is hereby, empow- 
ered to draw £1,000, lawful money, out of the general 
treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. James Congdon, 3d, one 
of the committee of safety, be, and he is hereby, empowered 
to draw £1,000, lawful money, out of the general treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that one nine-pound cannon, 
with a field-carriage and the necessary stores for the same, 
be allowed to the town of Charlestown. 

It is voted and resolved, that the price of refined iron be 
not more than fifty shillings per hundred ; and for bog or 
brittle iron, not more than thirty-nine shillings, per hun- 
dred ; and that the price of single refined loaf sugar, by the 
hundred, shall not exceed one shilling and sixpence, per 
pound ; and by the single loaf, one shilling and eightpence 
per pound. 

It is voted and resolved, that twelve shillings per day be 
allowed to each of the standing committee, in full for all 
their services, and all expenses. 

Whereas, the committee, who were appointed to draught 
a letter to His Excellency General Washington, laid the 
same before this Assembly ; which being duly consid- 
ered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
approved ; and that a fair copy thereof be made, and for- 
warded to His Excellency, as soon as may be. 

Whereas, the same committee, who were also appointed 
to prepare the draught of a letter to the Honorable General 
Greene, laid the same before this Assembly ; which being 
duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that it be, and hereby is, ap- 
proved of; that a fair copy thereof be made out and for- 



134 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [FEB. 

Warded, as soon as may be, to the Honorable General 
Greene. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Stephen Mumford, as 
one of the committee of safety, be, and he is hereby, em- 
powered to draw £2,000, lawful money, out of the general 
treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sloop Florida, whereof 
Oliver Gardner is master, be permitted to proceed to His- 
paniola, under the regulations and restrictions which vessels 
have been heretofore permitted to sail by the council of 
war. 

An Act in addition to an act, passed the last session of As- 
sembly, for preventing monopolies and oppression. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is hereby enacted, that each and every town 
within this state, where European or East India goods are 
sold, either by wholesale or retail, be, and they are hereby, 
empowered and directed to call a town meeting, to appoint 
a committee, consisting of three judicious persons, who have 
been used to the European trade, either two of whom to be 
a quorum, whose business it shall be, on application, to ad- 
judge and determine whether such goods are sold at a 
higher price than by said act is allowed ; and if the said 
committee shall adjudge that said articles were sold con- 
trary to the true intent and meaning of said act, they shall 
give a certificate thereof, to the person who applies for the 
same, paying to said committee three shillings, therefor ; 
whereupon, the person having such certificate, shall prose- 
cute the seller of said articles, as by said act is directed ; 
and if he shall be convicted, the three shillings, aforesaid, 
shall be taxed in the bill of cost against the offender. 

And be it further enacted, that the seller of such goods by 
wholesale, shall make out an invoice, thereof, at the sterling 
cost of the articles sold, with his advance thereon, and de- 
liver the same to the buyer, under the penalty of the sum 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 135 

at which said articles are sold ; and the retailer shall also, if 
requested by the buyer, make out and give an invoice of 
the goods, with the sterling cost, and the advance. 

Provided, nevertheless, that if said goods have not been 
imported directly from Europe, but from the West Indies, or 
any other port or place, not being in Europe, that then the 
wholesale dealer shall be excused from making out an in- 
voice for the sterling cost ; but shall give an invoice with 
the cost at the port or place where they were purchased ; 
and the said committee shall adjudge and determine the 
sterling cost, if any dispute ariseth thereon. 

It is voted and resolved, that the captains or other offi- 
cers, commanding companies, in the service of this state, in 
future, upon exhibiting the abstracts for their respective 
companies, to their colonel or other field-officer, to be cer- 
tified, shall before such field officer make solemn oath, that 
the state of said companies, and all charges and returns 
therein contained, are just and true. 

And the several field-officers within this state are hereby 
empowered and required to administer such oath, before 
any abstract be certified ; and that such oath having been 
made, as aforesaid, be by them mentioned in their cer- 
tificates. 

Whereas, Mr. Peter Randall preferred a petition, and rep- 
resented unto this Assembly, that his son Joseph Randall 
hath been draughted as a soldier ; that notwithstanding his 
alleging that his state of body, being bursten, he appre- 
hended would not admit of his serving as a soldier, were his 
principles such as would suffer him to act, he had his pro- 
perty distrained from him, and sold at vendue, for £4 2s., 
lawful money ; that his person hath since been committed 
to prison, where he now remains ; and that in order to 
evince that the practice of war is against his religious prin- 
ciples, he is ready to take the affirmation, lately passed by 
this Assembly ; and thereupon prayed this Assembly to 
take his singular case in consideration, and grant him a 



136 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [Feb. 

release from prison ; and the premises being duly con- 
sidered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of said petition 
be, and the same hereby, is granted. 

Whereas, Mr. Nicholas Tillinghast is at this time at 
Boston, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the sheriff for the 
county of Providence, immediately on his return, apprehend 
and carry him before the council of war, who are requested 
to make such order respecting him, as to them shall seem 
right, and most for the safety of the state. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. George Irish be re- 
moved to the town of Warwick ; and that he confine him- 
self within the same limits, and under the same restrictions, 
as John Weeclen hath been confined, by a resolve of this 
Assembly. 

Whereas, it hath been represented unto this Assembly, 
that Elisha Sisson, a j3erson suspected of being inimical to 
the United States, hath enlisted into one of the regiments 
from the state of Connecticut, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the Honorable 
General Spencer be made acquainted therewith ; and that 
he make such order respecting him, as may be most for the 
safety of this state. 

Whereas, a number of prisoners have arrived in the town 
of Providence, in the cartel vessel from Newport ; and as 
as they belong to, and are subjects of the United States, and 
live in different governments, and are entirely destitute of 
money and other necessaries, this Assembly think that it is 
absolutely necessary, from a motive of compassion, that 
some provision be made, in order to enable them to pro- 
ceed to their respective homes, families and friends ; where- 
fore — 

Resolved, that Thomas Wells, Esq., be, and he is hereby, 
appointed to make inquiry into the circumstances attending 
each person, and make an estimate what sum of money will 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 137 

be absolutely necessary for their subsistence, until the)- can 
get to their several homes ; making allowance for the 
charitable reception they may receive upon the roads ; and 
make immediate report, thereof, in order that said sums 
may be paid out of the general treasury, to be distributed 
among them. 

It is voted and resolved, that this General Assembly con- 
sider the present draught of independent companies, alarm 
companies and companies of militia, as doing duty upon an 
alarm, in every respect. 

It is voted and resolved, that the Continental agent be, 
and he is hereby, requested to advance to the prisoners 
lately arrived in the cartel from Newport, the sum of $50, 
in such proportion as their distance from home, and other 
circumstances, may appear to require ; and that they be re- 
commended to the states through which they may pass. 

Bills Ordered to he Paid. 

£ s. d. 

John Carter, for his bill for printing rules and regulations of tile army, and 

acts and resolves of the General Assembly, &c 34 06 08 

Pardon Tillinghast, for his time and expenses, in the service of the General 

Assembly 8 04 00 

Thomas Tillinghast, for his services as one of the committee appointed to in- 
quire into and estimate the damages done by the soldiers on the islands 
of Rhode Island and Conanicut 12 07 02 

Joseph Bucklin, Jr., for his time and expenses in going to, and returning 

from Baltimore 40 19 10 

Ambrose Page, for four barrels of fine Dutch pistol powder, for the use of the 

laboratory, by order of the Governor 78 18 06 

William Dyer, Jr., for his time and expenses, in going to Providence, by or- 
der of Daniel Rodman 1 12 00 

Nicholas Cooke, for cash paid on account of the public service ; for a quantity 

of bread and flour delivered Commissary Aborn, &c 133 13 02 

John Child, for the hire of his cart and horse, for the use of the artillery 

company, in the town of Warren , 1 19 00 

William Tefft, for his time and expenses in going express from the South 

Ferry to Providence, by order of Major Thomas Potter 1 15 06 

David Wilkinson, for superintending the press, while printing an emission of 

the lawful money bills 3 06 00 

Stephen Leach, for his time and expenses in going express to Gov. Trum- 
bull, of Connecticut, on public business, by order of the Governor 3 02 06 

Thomas Allin, for cleaning and mending thirty-seven smaU arms, fixing bay- 
onets, and making ramrods for the same 10 02 02 

VOL. VIII. 18 



138 RECORDS OP THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [FEB. 

Israel Sayles, for work by him done on the works at Bristol Ferry, and for a 

jack plane, lost in the service 18 00 

John Child, for duck by him furnished for an awning- for the ammunition- 
cart, belonging to the artillery company, in the town of Warren 3 08 00 

Josias Lyndon, for his expenses, in attending on the General Assembly, at 

the second session in December, A. D. 1770, as clerk of the lower house 2 18 00 

William Channing, for his expenses, as assistant clerk of the lower house, at 

second session in December, A. D. 1776 2 19 00 

Beriah Brown, for notifying the members of the General Assembly to meet 
at two sessions in East Greenwich ; and to meet in general committee, 
at Providence G 19 00 

Beriah Waite, for going express to carry the acts of the General Assembly, 
to the respective town clerks and commanders of independent companies 
in Kings county 2 00 00 

Col. Knight Dexter, for going express to Gen. Washington, by order of the 

Governor 2 1101 

James Congdon, for his time and expenses in going to Xew London, on pub- 
lic business 1 16 00 

Rouse J. Helme, for thirty-four days' attendance, as clerk of the council of 

war 20 08 00 

Col. John Cooke, for the balance of his account against the state, as one of 

the committee of safety 479 02 07 

Benjamin Lamed, for billeting forty-one men, belonging to Col. Slack's com- 
pany of light horse, and keeping their horses, when on duty in the late 
alarm, in December last 123 00 00 

Stephen Mumford, for balance of account due him from the state, as one of 

the committee of safety 95 01 04 

Pardon Gray, for balance of his account against the state, as commissary of 

the troops stationed at Tiverton and Little Compton 1,289 12 5£ 

Martin Seamans, for searching a brig, &c, by order of the Governor 16 10 01 

Benjamin Stelle, for cash paid by him, for sundry stores, for the use of the 
cartel sloop, which went to Block Island, to exchange prisoners, and 
for his wages as adjutant, &c 13 15 00 

Ambrose Page, for the loss upon an anchor purchased for the Washington 

row-galley 3 05 09 

Daniel Tillinghast, for balance of his account against the state, as one of the 

committee of safety 204 19 10 

Cromel Child, for materials, labor and sundry other expenses upon the flat- 

bottomed boats, for the use of the state 191 19 Li 

Noah Smith, for his time and expenses in carrying the acts of the Generat As- 
sembly to the counties of Kent and Kings 1 16 00 

Joshua Burr, for his time and expenses in carrying the acts of the Assem- 
bly to the several town clerks and colonels of militia, in the county of 
Providence 2 08 00 

(iideon Mumford, for his service in settling sundry accounts, at East Green- 
wich, &c ' 21 00 00 

Thomas Greene, for expenses and services as one of the committee of audit, 

jn settling sundry accounts 18 09 00 

Nathaniel Mumford, one of the standing committee, for his time and ex- 
penses in settling sundry accounts 19 06 02 

Col. Joseph Stanton, Jr., one of the standing committee, for balance of his 

account against the state 835 13 06 



1/ M.J 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. L39 



fames Congdon, :>d, one of the committee of safety, for the balance of his ac- 
count against the state 4s 1 1 ;:,', 

John Collins, for a flat-bottomed boat, by him procured to be built in the 

town of Newport, for the use of the state 24 00 (HI 

•Joseph Lawrence, for boarding two officers of Col. llohnaifs regiment, sta- 
tioned in the town of Providence 11 15 no 

Joseph Lawrence, for boarding Ebenezer Waters, quartermaster of the regi- 
ment from the state of -Massachusetts Bay, stationed in the town of 
Pro violence ■"> 08 04 

Benjamin Lindsey, for a blanket, by him furnished, by order of the town 
council of Providence, to a soldier in Jonathan Russel's company, who 
was unable to furnish himself lb 00 

■James Arnold, Jr., for boarding and nursing two sick prisoners brought from 
Newport, and landed at Pawtuxet ; for washing, &c, for five other sick 
prisoners 5 00 00 

William Potter, for paying sundry laborers' bills, for work done on the court 

house, in Kings county 21 02 01 

God save the United States of America. 



Gen. Washington io the Governor of Rhode Islcmd. 

Headquarters, Morristown, j 
Gth February, 1777. \ 
Sir : — As the arrival of a sufficient quantity of small arms from Europe, in time to 
arm the Continental troops, is a matter of great uncertainty, proper steps should beinv 
mediately taken in your state to collect all that can be purchased from private people. 

The custom of hiring them for the campaign, is attended witli many bad conse- 
quences ; the owners take little care of them, and carry them away and sell or change 
them, as they please. 

Particular attention should be paid to the quality of the firelock ; no light trash arms 
should, on any account, be received in the public stores, if they are not substantial, 
both in lock and barrel, they should be thrown upon the hands of the commissary 
who purchased them. I have the honor to be, sir, 

Your most obedient servant, 

GEO. WASHINGTON. 
To the Honorable Governor Cooke. 



The Governor of Rhode Island to Gen. Greene. 



, February 7, 1777. 

Sir :— Yours of the 28d ult., has been received, and laid before the General Assem- 
bly, and they regret their not advising Gen. Washington at the time they did the Gen- 
eral Congress, of the reasons and motives which urged them to a measure which 
(we hope through wrong information,) His Excellency holds in an unfavorable light, 
and which has drawn upon them your severest censure. 

However, as they are conscious of the rectitude of their intentions, they are prepared 
to sustain the weight of hasty and unmerited reproofs ; and able, notwithstanding 
the perplexed state of affairs, to give sufficient reasons for the measures they have 
adopted. 

In order that you may yet be undeceived, they will state the motives of their couduct, 
and from which they think it justified. You are not unacquainted with the power- 



140 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [FeB. 

ful armament that invaded this little state (not less than seven thousand land forces, 
and a number of ships of force and many transports) ; you know the extensive coast, 
which, at such a time, it was necessary should be defended: and on many parts of 
which, they could have thrown their whole force in a very few hours ; unprovided as 
we were, we did every thing in our power for defence ; every man able to bear arms, 
was called out to duty, and every precaution taken which the nature and circumstances 
of things would permit. They were sensible of the impracticability of keeping militia 
(drawn suddenly from their homes at so rigid a season, for such a length of time as 
necessity might require), embodied, and in the field; the distressed situation of the 
Continental army and the impossibility of obtaining relief from them ; these were con- 
siderations not a little embarrassing to those who had all the horrors of war, and the 
prospect of instant destruction, before them, and will account for the subsequent pro- 
ceedings, without recurring to a regular systematic design of introducing innovations, 
or making separate defence. (Take the proceedings as stated in letter to Gen. Wash- 
ington, then proceed.) 

You may be assured that the subjects of this state have the highest veneration for 
the inestimable General Washington, and a becoming respect for the brave and worthy 
generals and commanders under him, and cannot conceive on what the suggestion 
contained in your letter concerning him, are founded, and request you will give us the 
authors of such infamous insinuation, that a proper inquiry may be had, and condign 
punishment inflicted upon such base calumniators. 

Hoping that time, patience and a dispassionate inquiry will set things in their true 
light, they congratulate and rejoice with you on the late almost unhoped success of 
the American arms, in which the interposition of Divine Providence very legibly ap- 
peared ; they fervently wish the same to continue until the enemies of America are 
confounded and exterminated from her shores ; her inhabitants restored to peace in 
liberty and safety, and her brave and worthy generals return to their families and 
friends, crowned with glory, and surrounded with the blessings of Heaven, and of 
freemen. In a becoming confidence that these wishes will be granted in due time, they 
will continue cheerfully to contribute every thing in their power in support of every 
measure calculated to effect that desirable issue. 

I am, &c, NICHOLAS COOKE. 

To General Greene. 

The Governor of Rhode Island to Gen. Washington. 

Providence, February 9, 1777. 

Si r : — I have been favored with Your Excellency's letters of the 20th and 24th ult., 
and have laid them before the General Assembly. The enemy having landed not less 
than seven thousand troops upon Rhode Island, and being possessed of the bay, with a 
large fleet, laid us under the necessity of establishing a body of forces with all possible 
expedition. 

In this situation, when it was impracticable to fill the Continental battalions, the As- 
sembly set on foot two regiments of seven hundred and fifty men, each ; and one regi- 
ment of artillery, of three hundred men, to serve for fifteen months. The following is 
the form of the enlistment of the non-commissioned officers and privates : 

" I, the subscriber, do hereby solemnly engage and enlist myself as a soldier in the 
pay of the state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, for the preservation of the 
liberties of America, and the defence of the United States in general, and of this state 
in particular, from the day of my enlistment, for and during the term of fifteen months, 
unless sooner discharged by the General Assembly ; and I hereby promise to submit 
myself to all the orders and regulations of the army ; and faithfully to observe and 
obey all such orders as I shall receive from time to time, from my officers." 



1777.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 141 



And the following is the clause in the commission issued to the officers : 

" And in f>ase of an invasion or assault of a common enemy to infest or disturb this, 

or any oilier of the said states, you are to alarm and gather together the under 

your command, or any part, thereof, as you shall deem sufficient; and therewith to 
the utmost of your skill and ability, you are to resist, expel, kill and destroy them, in 
order to preserve the lives, liberties and properties of the good people of this, and the 
other United States." 

Consequently, those regiments are as much held and designed to do duty in every 
part of the United States as the Continental battalions ; and to render them effectually 
so, they are by act of government put under the command of General Spencer, and the 
other generals of the Continental army. And when Congress shall have ordered them 
into their service, there will be no other difference between them, than that the former 
are enlisted for fifteen months, and the latter for three years, or during the war. 

Early information of the footing upon which these troops are raised, was given to 
our delegate in Congress, who tells us in a letter of the 7th ultimo, that he had laid 
the same before the Congress, and that the measures we had taken gave him great satis- 
faction ; and I am extremely sorry it had not been also immediately transmitted to Your 
Excellency, as I am persuaded, in that case, you would have entertained a very dif- 
ferent opinion of this measure, and been convinced that it was adopted from necessity 
alone ; and not with the most distant idea of our making a local or separate defence, or 
of obstructing the enlistments into the Continental battalions. 

It is true, that it hath had a tendency in some degree, to cause such obstruction, which 
was very early obviated by an order permitting enlistments from those troops into the 
Continental battalions. In consequence of which, Captain Thayer has, in a short time, 
enlisted forty men out of one of those regiments. 

I will now inform Your Excellency of the measures taken by this state to fill up the 
two Continental battalions assigned by Congress as our quota of the eighty-eight bat- 
talions first ordered to be raised. 

We have filled up the greater part of the vacancies in them, and enclose you a list 
of the officers appointed, who are directed to exert themselves in recruiting. We have 
also given a bounty of £16, in addition to the encouragement given by Congress ; and 
engaged to furnish each man, in behalf of the Continent, with arms, accoutrements, a 
blanket and knapsack. 

The Assembly will make a short adjournment to try the effect of this great encour- 
agement ; and in case these measures fail of the hoped-for success, will make still 
greater efforts to fill those battalions. 

lam to request you to give me information whether there he probability of Col. 
Greene's being soon exchanged ; as the Assembly have left a vacancy for him in that 
case, and have determined to appoint Col. Crarey to the command of that regiment, if 
that event be not likely soon to take place. 

I am, with great esteem and respect, sir, 

Your Excellency's most obedient, humble servant, 

NICHOLAS COOKE. 
To His Excellency General "\Yashington. 

P. S. Agreeably to Your Excellency's recommendation, I have sent to Newport all 
the prisoners in the land service, that were in the care of this state, and enclose you 
one of Lord Percy's receipts for them. 



14 '2 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH 



The Governor of Rhode Island to Gen. Washington, 

Providence, February 18, 1777. 
Sir : — Since ray last, I have been favored with yours of the 81st ult., and the 2d and 
the 6th instant. 

The letter respecting deserters shall be laid before the General Assembly at the next 
session, on the fifth Monday in March, who, I doubt not, wiU take the most proper 
measures to discourage desertion. 

My last to you, will explain the motives by which the General General Assembly 
were governed, in ordering the brigade to be raised for fifteen months, and the plan 
upon which they are enlisted. 1 shall only add to it, that they receive the same pay 
as the Continental troops ; and that the bounty given them, is much less. 

The state hath heen greatly exhausted of arms by our former exertions ; and the 
enemy having effectually blocked up our ports, it hath not heen in our power to im- 
port any. How far we shall be able to supply the Continental battalions raising here, 
I am not able to say ; but this I can assure Your Excellency, that nothing shall be 
wanting on our part, to furnish them. 

I am, with great truth and esteem, 

Your Excellency's most obedient, humble servant, 

NICHOLAS COOKE. 
Ta His Excellence General Washington, 



■Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, id Providence, on the first 
Monday in March, 1777. 

The Hon. Nicholas Cooke, Governor. 

The Hon. William Bradford, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, a quantity of flour, lately arrived from Philadel- 
phia, hath heen seized b}^ a warrant, from Gen. Varnum, for 
the use of the troops within this state ; and whereas, it hath 
been represented to this Assembly, that the said flour, or a 
great part of it, is the property of persons now on Rhode 
Island, who are suspected of being inimical to the United 
States- 
It is therefore voted and resolved, that it be recommend- 
ed to Mr. Pardon Gray, deputy commissary, that he do not 
pay for said flour, until this Assembly can obtain further 
information respecting the same. 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 143 

It is voted and resolved, that Theodore Foster, Caleb 
Harris and Daniel Rodman, Esqs., be, and they are hereby, 
appointed a committee, to revise the acts for preventing the 
desertion of soldiers who may enlist in any regiments or- 
dered to be raised by this state ; and that they draft an act 
for punishing any person/who, after having enlisted into any 
regiment within this state, shall, contrary to law, again en- 
list into the same, or any other regiment, and receive a 
second bounty. 

Whereas, Jacob Parker, Jr., a soldier in one of the regi- 
ments ordered to be raised within this state, re-enlist 3d in 
one of the said regiments, and received a second bounty ; 
and the said Jacob hath since deserted and enlisted in of 
the Connecticut battalions, in the state of Connecticut. — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that Captain Benjamin 
West forthwith proceed to Connecticut, and take with him 
the said Jacob's enlistments within this state ; that he apply 
to the officers who enlisted him in the said state of Connec- 
ticut,, and acquaint him with his previous enlistments, and 
request his discharge ; that he pay any moneys that ma}- 
have been advanced as a bounty to the said Jacob, if he be 
discharged, which shall be deducted from his wages, or 
otherwise that he request payment of the money advanced 
him by this state ; and that if the said Jacob be discharged, 
the said Benjamin be directed to bring him within this 
state, and commit him to jail, that he may be dealt with ac- 
cording to law. 

Wnereas, Mr. John Larkin hath represented unto this As- 
sembly, that he apprehended one Jacob Parker, Jr., who 
had received two bounties, and had deserted from one of the 
regiments ordered to be raised by this state ; that being un- 
able to commit him to jail at the time he apprehended him, 
he released him, upon the said Parker's delivering him a 
horse as security for his appearance within a limited time ; 
and that although said time had elapsed, said Parker hath 
not surrendered himself to the said John Larkin ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the said John Lar- 



144 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH 

kin dispose of the said horse at public vendue, unless any 
person other than said Parker should appear before the sale, 
and prove his property in said horse ; that he notify the sale 
three weeks in the Providence Gazette ; and that if he dis- 
pose of said horse, he pay the money arising from the sale 
thereof (after deducting the charges), into the general 
treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Smith furnish 
Captain Josiah Gibbs with six guns, bayonets and cartouch- 
boxes, six blankets and six knapsacks, for the use of the 
soldiers in his company. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee of safety 
within this state be, and they are hereby, directed to pay 
the wages of the oificers in the regiment lately under the 
command of Colonel Lippitt, from the 26th day of August, 
to the 1st of September, A. D. 1776, being five days ; Col. 
Lippitt having assured this house that the same hath not 
been paid them by any Continental officer. 

This Assembly taking into consideration the following 
declaration of independence of the thirteen United States of 
America, made on the 4th of July last, and resolution of 
Congress passed on the 18th of January last, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that 
the same be entered on the public records of this state. 

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE OF THE 
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 

In Congress, July 4, 1770. 

THE UNANIMOUS DECLARATION OF THE THIRTEEN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 

When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one x^'ople to dis- 
solve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume, 
among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the laws o ma- 
ture and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind 
requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal ; that they 
are endowed, by their Creator, with certain unalienable rights ; that among these, are 
life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness ; that to secure these rights, governments are 
instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the cousent of the governed ; 
that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the 



1777.] 



AND PKOWDEXCi; PLANTATIONS; 145 



right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute a new government, laying its 
foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall 
seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate, 
that governments long established, should not be changed for light and transient 
causes ; and accordingly, all experience hath shown, that mankind are more disposed 
to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves, by abolishing the forms 
<i> which they are accustomed. Hut when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pur- 
suing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute des- 
potism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such government, and to provide 
new guards for their future security. Such has been the patient sufferance of these 
colonies ; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former 
systems of government. The history of the present King of Great Britain, is a history 
of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of 
an absolute tyranny over these statas. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid 
world : 

He has refused his assent to laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public 
good; 

He has forbidden his governors to pass laws of immediate and pressing importance, 
unless suspended in their operation till his assent should be obtained ; and when so 
suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. 

He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, 
unless those people would relinquish the right of representation in the legislature ; a 
right inestimable to them, and formidable to tyrants only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and dis- 
tant from the depository of their public records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them 
into compliance with his measures. 

He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness 
his invasions on the rights of the people. 

He has refused, for a long time after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected ; 
whereby the legislative powers, incapable of annihilation, have returned to the people 
at large for their exercise ; the state remaining, in the mean time, exposed to all the 
dangers of invasions from without, and convulsions within. 

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these states ; for that purposes, ob- 
structing the laws for naturalization of foreigners ; refusing to pass others to encourage 
their migration hither, and raising the conditions of new appropriations of lands. 

He has obstructed the administration of justice, by refusing his assent to laws for es 
tablishing judiciary powers. 

He has made judges dependent on his will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and 
the amount and payment of their salaries. 

He has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither swarms of officers to ha- 
rass our people, and eat out their substance; 

He has kept among us, in times of peace, standing armies, without the consent of 
our legislatures. 

He has affected to render the military independent of, and superior to, the civil 
power. 

He has combined, with others, to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitu 
tion, and unacknowledged by our laws ; giving his assent to their acts of pretended 
legislation : 

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among lis : 

For protecting them, by a mock trial, from punishment, for any murders which they 
should commit on the inhabitants of these states : 

For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world : 

For imposing taxes on us, without our consent : 

voi>. vm. 19 



146 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MaRCH ; 

For depriving us, in many cases, of the benefits of trial by jury : 
For transporting us beyond seas, to be tried for pretended offences. 
For abolishing the free system of English laws, in a neighboring province ; estab- 
lishing therein an arbitrary government, and enlarging its boundaries, so as to render 
it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into 
these colonies : 

For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valuable laws, and altering fun- 
damentally the forms of our governments : 

For suspending our own legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power 
to legislate for us in all cases, whatsoever. 

He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out of his protection, and waging 
war against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the 
lives of our people. 

He is, at this time, transporting large armies of foreign mercenaries, to complete the 
works of death, desolation and tyranny, already began, with circumstances of cruelty 
and perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the 
head of a civilized nation. 

He has constrained our fellow citizens, taken captive on the high seas, to bear arms 
against their country, to become the executioners of their friends and brethren, or to 
fall themselves by their hands. 

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavored to bring on 
the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of 
warfare is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions. 

In every stage of these oppressions, we have petitioned for redress in the most humble 
terms ; our repeated petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A princp» 
whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a tyrant, is unfit to be 
the ruler of a free people. 

Nor have we been wanting in attentions to our British brethren. We have warned 
them, from time to time, of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable 
jurisdiction over us. "We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigra- 
tion and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, 
and we have conjured them, by the ties of our common kindred, to disavow these 
usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. 
They, too, have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, there" 
fore, acquiesce in the necessity which denounces our separation, and hold them, as we 
hold the rest of mankind, enemies in war, in peace, friends. 

We, therefore, the representatives of the United States of America, in General Con- 
gress assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our 
intentions, do, in the name and by the authority of the good people of these colonies, 
solemnly publish and declare, that these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, 
free and independent states ; that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British 
crown ; and that all political connection between them, and the state of Great Britain, 
is, and ought to be, totally dissolved ; and that, as free and independent states, they 
have full power to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, and 
to do all other acts and things which independent states may of right do. And for the 
support of this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Provi- 
dence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor. 

JOHN HANCOCK. 

Georgia — Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, George Walton. 
Nortli Carolina — William Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn. 
South Carolina— Edward Rutledge, Thomas Heyward, Jr., Thomas Lynch, Jr., 
Arthur Middleton. 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 147 

Maryland— Samuel Chase, William Paca, Thomas Stone, Charles Carroll, of 
Carrollton. 

Virginia— George Wythe/Eichard Henry Lee, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Hani 
son, Thomas Nelson, Jr., Francis Lightfoot Lee, Carter Braxton. 

Pennsylvania — Robert Morris, Benjamin Rush, Benjamin Franklin, John Morton 
George Clymer, James Smith, George Taylor, James Wilson, George Ross. 

Delaware — Caesar Rodney, George Read. 

New York — William Floyd, Philip Livingston, Francis Lewis, Lewis Morris. 

New Jersey — Richard Stockton, John Witherspoon, Francis Hopkinson, John Hart, 
Abraham Clark. 

New Hampshire — Josiah Bartlctt, William Whipple, Matthew Thornton. 

Massachusetts Bay — Samuel Adams, John Adams, Robert Treat Paine, Elbridge 
Gerry. 

Rhode Island, &c. — Stephen Hopkins, William Ellery. 

Connecticut — Roger Sherman, Samuel Huntington, William Williams, Oliver 
Wolcott. 



In Congress, January 18, 1777. 
Ordered, that an authenticated copy of the Declaration of Independence, with the 
names of the members of Congress, subscribing the same, be sent to each of the United 
States ; and that they be desired to have same put on record. 

By order of Congress, JOHN HANCOCK, President. 

Attest: CHARLES THOMPSON, Secr'y. 

A true copy: JOHN HANCOCK, President. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. John Brown and 
Henry Ward, be, and they are hereby, appointed a committee 
to layout a sum not exceeding £50, lawful money, in a pre- 
sent to the Oneida Indians, who were before this Assembly 
this morning. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Smith, as one 
of the committee of safety, be, and he is hereby, em- 
powered to draw £2,000, lawful money, out of the general' 
treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. James Congdon, 3d, 
as one of the committee of safety, be, and he is hereby, em- 
powered to draw £1,500, lawful money, out of the general 
treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Northup, Esq., as one 
of the committee of safety, be, and he is hereby, empow- 
ered to draw £1,500, in lawful money, out of the general 
treasury. 

Whereas, John Wells and Waterman Williams, two of the 
workmen at the paper mill, are drawn to serve the state, as 



148 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MaKCH, 

militia men, in the third division ; and this Assembly is in- 
formed, that if said men are taken from the mill, the state 
will be deprived of cartridge paper, which is at present very 
much wanted, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that they be dis- 
charged from the said service. 

It is voted and resolved, that the non-commissioned offi- 
cers and soldiers, who enlisted in the Continental battalions 
ordered to be raised within this state, before the additional 
bounty was allowed by this Assembly to the non-commis- 
sioned officers and soldiers who should enlist in said battal- 
ions, be allowed the said additional bounty. 

It is voted and resolved, that the act passed at the last 
session of this Assembly, for confining John Weeden to the 
town of Warwick, be, and it is hereby, repealed, with this 
proviso, that the said John Weeden give his parole to His 
Honor the Governor, that he will not go, or attempt to go, 
upon any of the islands in the bay, without having leave 
from this Assembly, therefor. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee of safety de- 
liver to the officers in the Continental battalions, and fifteen 
months regiments, so much of the clothing allowed the 
non-commissioned officers and privates of said battalions 
and regiments, as the said non-commissioned officers and 
privates, by them enlisted, shall be in immediate want of. 

It is voted and resolved, that the small arm, belonging to 
Mr. Stephen Jenckes, be purchased by this state, and pre- 
sented to one of the chiefs of the Oneida nation, now within 
this state. 

Whereas, Mr. John Brown, one of the committee appoint- 
ed to make a present to the Oneida Indians, presented to 
this Assembly an account thereof, which being duly exam- 
ined, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
allowed ; and that £26 13s. 3r/., lawful money, the amount 
thereof, be paid the said John Brown, out of the general 
treasury ; and that £12, lawful money, be allowed and 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 149 

paid out of the general treasury, to Capt, Stephen Jenckes, 
for a gun purchased of him, and made a present of, to the 
said Indians. 

It is voted and resolved, that it he, and hereby is, re- 
commended to the independent company of the Kings- 
town Reds, that they excuse George Tefft and Jeremiah 
Sheffield (who are employed in making and stocking guns), 
from doing service in said company, in the third division of 
independent companies. 

It is voted and resolved, that £100, lawful money, be al- 
lowed and paid out of the general treasury, to Henry Mar- 
chant, Esq.. appointed a delegate to represent this state at 
the General Congress. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Jonathan Haszard, pay- 
master to one of the Continental battalions ordered to be 
raised within this state, be, and he herelrv is, empowered to 
draw £1,000, lawful money, out of the general treasury, for 
paying the bounties allowed to soldiers who shall enlist into 
said battalions. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Andrew Comstock pro- 
ceed with his sleigh and four horses, to convey the six In- 
dian chiefs to the Honorable Governor Trumbull's, in Con- 
necticut ; and that he receive for his services, in carrying 
the chiefs and their baggage, £18, lawful money, out of the 
general treasury. 

Whereas, the committee appointed to estimate the sev- 
eral towns, in order to apportion a tax upon the inhabitants 
of this state, presented unto this Assembly the following re- 
port, to wit : 

Report of the Committee appointed to Assess a Tax upon the, In- 
habitants of the State. 

" We, the subscribers, being appointed by the General Assembly, at their last ses- 
sion, at Providence, to form an estimate of the several towns within the state of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, and report the same to the next session of said As- 
sembly, have accordingly met at the court house, in Providence, this 25th day of Feb- 
ruary, 1777 ; and after examining the former estimate, as taken in the year 1767, and 
maturely considering the several alterations, as additions to, and deductions of, property, 



150 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 

in each town -within this state, do report the value of each town to be as follows 
to wit : 

Newport £229,176 Westerly 58,485 

Portsmouth 89,531 North Kingstown 95,653 

New Shoreham 20,947 South Kingstown 184,456 

Jamestown 34,531 Charlestown 48,237 

Middletown 66,876 Richmond 39,041 

Tiverton 73,211 Hopkinton 52,513 

Little Compton 64,798 Exeter 54,359 

£579,070 £532,744 

Providence 225,524 Bristol 50,000 

Smithfield 108,785 Warren 20,000 

Scituate 80,861 Barrington 22,575 

Gloucester 70,555 £92,575 

Cumberland 40,992 Warwick 100,326 

Cranston 74,806 East Greenwich 56,003 

Johnston 31,000 West Greenwich 37,830 

North Providence 29,512 Coventry 50,788 

£662,355 £244,947 



£2,111,371 
THOMAS CHURCH, JAMES ARNOLD, JR., 

SHEARJASHUB BOURN, GEORGE PIERCE. 

JOHN BROWN, 

Providence, February 25, 1777." 

And the said report being duly considered, — 
Resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, accepted ; that 
a tax of £16,000, lawful money, be assessed upon the inhab- 
itants, and apportioned according to this estimate ; and that 
the standing committee apportion said sum, and draft a bill 
accordingly. 

Protest against the above Vote. 

" I, the subscriber, do beg leave to protest against the estimate, as now apportioned 
by the committee appointed for that purpose ; it appearing to me there is a manifest 
error, as it is evident from the present distressed situation of the town of Bristol, it is 
estimated at too high a value ; the inhabitants being removed by reason of the troops 
being barracked in their houses, and no trade or business of any kind being, by them 
done ; they being under the disagreeable necessity and the expense of removing their fam- 
ilies and effects, and hiring abroad places for their families to reside in ; the rivers and bays 
being by the Author of universal nature so situated, that the ships of war of His Brit- 
annic Majesty, and the tenders belonging to the same, can at all times harass them, and 
keep the inhabitants from their lawful employments, unless the same standing force, 
should be kept up, which at all times (while they are there stationed) renders their 
houses and estates to them, in a great measure, useless. 

Under all these disadvantageous circumstances, it appears to me, and I think must to 
every reasonable member, that the said town is not able at present to pay so large a 
tax as either of the towns of Warren or Barrington ; on these considerations it is 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 151 

that I, as an inhabitant of this town, anil a number chosen by the free suffrages of the 
same, and the state in general, to wit here, to see justice impartially administered, do 
protest in solmen form against the said apportionment. SIMEON POTTER. 

Providence, March 8, 1777. 

It is voted and resolved, that Thos. Church, Esq., and Mr. 
Cromel Child, be, and they are hereby, appointed a commit- 
tee, to examine into any abstracts that may be suspected to 
have been erroneously made out. 

That they be empowered to call before them the officers 
who made the same ; and that they make report to this As- 
sembly, or to the council of war, as soon as may be. 

Whereas, James Angell, Esq., hath represented to this As- 
sembly, that he hath brought in a large quantity of wood? 
for the use of the troops, and the inhabitants of the town of 
Providence ; and that he will bring in a further quantity of 
ten cords of wood, if he can be discharged from serving in 
the third division of the militia, in which he hath been 
draughted ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that he be excused 
from doing service upon his bringing the above quantity of 
wood into the town of Providence. 

Whereas, John Howland, Jr., Jeremiah Ballard, 3d, 
Ichabod Ballard, Luke Ballard, Nathan Paine, Jr., Elisha 
Herrendeen, James Stone, Thomas Herrendeen, Jr. and Na- 
than Paine, preferred a petition, and represented unto this 
Assembly, that they are now prisoners under arrest, because 
they cannot actively comply with the laws requiring of 
them military duty : 

That the council of war had extended to them the benefit 
of a law made and passed at the last session, for the relief 
of persons of tender consciences, and have referred them to 
this Assembly for relief from fines already incurred ; and 
thereupon, the said petitioners prayed this Assembly to 
grant them a dismission and release from imprisonment, 
that they may return to their families and lawful employ- 
ments ; where, they trust, by their industry and circumspect 
lives and conversations, they shall continue to merit the 



152 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MaRCIL, 

countenance and protection of government ; and the prem- 
ises being duly considered by this Assembly, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of the said peti- 
tioners, in their aforesaid petition contained, be, and the 
same is hereby, granted. 

Whereas, Noah Arnold, Jr. and Seth Hunt, preferred unto 
this Assembly their petition, setting forth, that they are 
now prisoners in the jail in Providence, for not appearing 
according to the late draught of the militia ; that they have 
before the council of war complied with a law passed at the 
last session, for the relief of persons of tender consciences, 
and are desirous to yield every kind of obedience to civil 
authority, that is consistent with their religion ; and there.* 
upon prayed to be released from the fines already incurred 
by them ; and the premises being considered by this As- 
sembly, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said Noah Arnold, Jr., 
and Seth Hunt, be discharged from jail and from their 
fines. 

Whereas, Amos Turner preferred his petition, and repre- 
sented unto this Assembly, that he is now confined in jail, 
for a fine of $36, incurred by his not appearing in the first 
division of the militia, in which he was draughted; and 
which being a matter of conscience, he could not find himself 
clear to pay ; since which, this Assembly have passed an 
act for the relief of persons of tender consciences, which at 
the time he was draughted, he had not the advantage of, 
though he has since complied therewith ; and thereupon, 
prayed to be released from his present confinement ; and 
the premises being duly considered by this Assembly, — • 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of said petition 
be, and the same is hereby, granted. 

Whereas, Asa Potter preferred a petition to this As. 
sembly, setting forth that he has been confined in prison 
upwards of a fortnight, because he could not, for conscience 
sake, take up arms ; and thereupon prayed this Assem- 
bly that he might be released from his present confine- 



1777..] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS, \ ■?.', 

nient ; nnd the premises being duly considered by this As? 
sembly, — 

It is yotcd and resolved, that the prayer of said petition 
be, and the same is hereby, granted ; and that the said Asa 
Potter be discharged and dismissed from jail, upon his pro* 
ducing a certificate of his taking the affirmation, agreeably 
to the late act of this Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Jonathan Haszard be, 
and he is hereby, empowered to diaw $2,470 out of the 
general treasury, as paymaster to »me of the Continental 
battalions, raising bv this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that Benjamin L. Peckham be, 
and he is herebj^, elected to the office of ensign, in the com- 
pany of Captain Royzel Smith, in the second battalion of 
Continental troops raised by this state, in the room of 
Kinyon, who hath resigned. 

It is voted and resolved, that the officers and soldiers in 
Colonels Npyes and Sands's regiments, who engaged in the 
service of this state before a commissary was appointed, and 
furnished themselves with provisions, be allowed the value 
of the rations as allowed them by Congress, during the time 
they furnished themselves, as aforesaid ; and that the same 
be paid them by the committee of safety, upon their pro- 
ducing certificates of the rations due to them, as aforesaid, 
from the said Colonels Noyes and Sands, 

Whereas, Colonel Tallman hath informed this Assembly 
that application hath been made to him to build a Conti- 
nental vessel, in the state of Connecticut, and hath request- 
ed the advice of this Assembly, respecting his engaging in 
said service, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that he be advised to 
undertake the building of said vessel ; and that he be dis- 
charged from the service of this state, at the expiration 
of twenty days, or before that time, upon his application 
to the council of war for that purpose, if his attendance, 
should be required, for the above mentioned service, before 
the expiration of said twentv days, 

Yftfci YJJI. 20 



154 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 

Whereas, Mr. Joseph Mathewson, one of the town council, 
of Coventry, exhibited unto this Assembly an account by 
him charged against the state, for a number of small arms, 
bayonets, cartouch boxes, scabbards and belts ; and for a 
number of blankets and knapsacks, by him supplied for the 
use of the state ; and the said account being duly exam- 
ined, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
allowed ; and that the amount thereof, being £50 5s., lawful 
money, be paid unto the said Joseph Mathewson, out of the 
general treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that Robert Helme be appointed 
an ensign in Captain William Potter's company, in the sec- 
ond battalion of the Continental troops now raising in this 
state, in the room of Allen James, who resigns. 

It is voted and resolved, that Benjamin Diamond be ap- 
pointed brigade major of the brigade in the service of this 
state. 

That Sion Martindale, who hath the care of the forts, 
stores and ammunition in Bristol, have the rank and pay of 
major ; and that Moses Turner be clerk to General West, 
with an allowance of £6, per month. 

Whereas, a quantity of flour, lately arrived in the sloop 
Sally, Henry Sowle, master, from Philadelphia, hath been 
seized by a warrant from General Varnum for the use of 
the troops ; one-tenth part whereof is claimed by Mr- 
James Robinson ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that upon his proving 
his right thereto, to the satisfaction of the General Assem- 
bly, he shall be paid the value of his part of said flour, with 
the interest accruing thereon. 

This Assembly being under greatconc ern, that no at- 
tempt hath, as yet, been made against the enemy upon 
Rhode Island, which they consider as a great disgrace to 
New England, in general, and to this state, in particular, — 

Do resolve, that it be, and hereby is, strongly recom- 
mended to the Honorable Major General Spencer (if it be 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 155 

any way consistent with prudence), to make an attack upon 
the enemy at Rhode Island ; and in that case do engage in 
behalf of the Congress of the United States, to pay to all 
such volunteers as he shall engage in such an attempt, the 
same wages as are given to soldiers in the Continental 
service. 

And it is further resolved, that the officers and soldiers 
who go upon Rhode Island, shall be entitled to a reward of 
$1,000, for every British or foreign general officer ; $200, 
for a colonel ; $150, for a lieutenant colonel; $100, for a 
major; $50, for every captain; $30, for every subaltern ; 
and $20, for every private, taken prisoner, and brought 
oft* the island, as aforesaid, within fifteen days ; and 
that said reward be equally divided between officers and 
privates. 

And it is further resolved, that those of the inhabitants of 
Rhode Island and Jamestown, who shall engage as volun- 
teers in an attack on said island, form themselves into com- 
panies .of not less than thirty-two men, and appoint their of- 
ficers; that said officers being approved of by General 
Spencer, be commissioned by His Honor the Governor • 
that Major Tew, Captain John Topham, Thomas Stacey, 
John Carr and Messrs. Charles Spooner and John Kilburn, 
be requested forthwith to assemble such of the said inhabit- 
ants who shall be willing to engage in said service, for the 
purpose, aforesaid. 

And His Honor the Governor is hereby requested to re- 
quire the colonels of the militia, and commanders of inde- 
pendent and alarm companies within this state, that they 
forthwith assemble their companies, excepting those who 
are now in service in the third division ; and that they en- 
gage as many volunteers for said service, from said regi- 
ments and companies, as may be procured ; that they be 
formed into companies of not less than thirty-two men, and 
appoint their officers ; who being approved of, shall be com- 
missioned, as aforesaid. 

And it is further resolved, that the volunteers who shall 



156 RECORDS OF l"HE STATE OF ElfoCE ISLAND' [MaHCH.' 

Enlist, &s aforesaid, in the county of Providence, assemble in 
the town of Providence, an Wednesday, the 12th day of 
March inst. 

And thofee who shall enlist, as aforesaid, in Kings comity, 
and Kent, assemble on the same clay, at East Greenwich. 

That those who shall enlist in the county of Bristol, as- 
semble at Bristol. 

And those in the county of Newport, at Howlaild's Ferry^ 
on the same day ; that they equip themselves with arms 
and accoutrements ; and when embodied, that they be un- 
der the command of General Spencer. 

And it is farther resolved, that His Honor the Governor., 
find General Spencer, be requested to write to the selectmen 
Of the towns of Rehoboth, Taunton, Attleborough, Wren- 
tham, Norton, Bellingham, Dighton, Swanzey, Freetown,- 
Dartmouth and Middleboroug'h, and request their aid and 
assistance, in engaging as many volunteers within their re- 
spective town's, for the purpose, aforesaid, as may be pro^ 
cured ; and that they form themselves into companies, ap- 
point their officers, and march to the town of Tiverton, oil 
or before the 12th day of March hist.- 

And it is farther resolved, that said Companies of volun- 
teers be discharged oil the 20th day of March hist., or 
sooner, if the service on which they are engaged will admit 
of it. 

Whereas, Captain Samuel Carr, and Benjamin Under- 
wood, Esq., in behalf of themselves and others, late inhabit- 
ants and freemen of Jamestown, preferred their petition, 
and represented unto this Assembly, that they have, by the 
directions of government, disposed of the greatest part of 
their stock ; and being truly attached to the just cd-iise Of 
the United States, have removed themselves and families from 
said town of Jamestown, to the main laud, where they have 
provided for them, out of the small sums of money received 
for their stocks ; paying high rents for houses to live in for 
the year past, and having but little profits of their lands, 
which are now in the hands of the enemy ; and that they 



1777.] and pro vid i:\ci: i'lantatidns. 157' 

are still desirous to maintain themselves and families by an 
honest industry, rather than submit to tile cruel mandates of 
an arbitrary king, whose agents ard plundering and destroying 
every thing valuable that was left upon their lands ; and there- 
upon prayed this Assembly that they may have aii oppor" 
tunity of hiring at a reasonable price some of the lands taken 
into possession by government, which they are informed are 
to be rented out this spring ; and further represented, that this 
Assembly did, some thrie in the year prist, pass an act that 
the freemen belonging to the town of Jamestown, who had 
removed to the main land, might of right return to the 
town of Janiestowil, to choose their representatives and 
other officers ; that they cannot now enjoy that privilege ; 
and that the greatest part of the freemen are how removed 
to the main, with tile town's records ; and thereupon be- 
sought this Assembly, that if the major part of the freemen 
belonging to the said town of Jamestown agree and choose 
their representatives, that the nien so chosen may be ad- 
mitted as members of this Assembly ;■ on consideration 
whereof, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that the prayer of the said 
Samuel Carr and Benjamin Underwood, in their aforesaid 
petition contained, be, and the 1 same is hereby, granted. 

It is voted and resolved, that the Honorable William 
Bradford, Esq., Henry Ward, Esq., and Messrs. John Brown 
and Cromel Child, or any two of thenl, be, and they are 
hereby, appointed a committee to draft a letter to Congress, 
representing the present situation of tile fleet now within 
this state. 

That the officers and meli on board said fleet have not 
yet received their prize money ; and that said letter being- 
approved of by the council of war, be signed by the Gov- 
ernor, and forwarded as soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. Cromel Child and 
Sylvester Child be, and they are hereby, appointed a com- 
mittee, to lease out the estates in the county of Bristol, 



158 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 

heretofore taken possession of by this state, to such persons 
only as have heretofore subscribed the test ; and that they 
receive the back rents, and pay the same into the general 
treasury. 

And it is farther voted and resolved, that Perez Kich- 
mond, Esq., and Mr. Nathaniel Church, be a committee to 
take into possession, and lease out the real estates in the 
county of Newport, belonging to Messrs. Joseph Scott and 
Edward Simmons, and to the heirs of Andrew Oliver, and 
the estate in the possession of William Durfee, belonging to 
persons in Great Britain, in behalf of this state, to such per- 
sons only as have subscribed the test. 

Bills Ordered to he Paid. 

£ s. d. 

Caleb Harris, for his time and expenses to Windham respecting the man- 
ufacture of powder within this state - 3 10 06 

Bela Elderkin, foi* his time and expenses from Windham to Providence, 

to examine the powder manufactured in this state, &c 7 08 05 

George Peirce, for expenses of himself and aid, in bringing to Providence 

two persons who came from Rhode Island to North Kingstown, &c . . 1 07 06 

Paul Allen, for his expenses, moneys by him advanced, aud sundry dis- 
bursements, in fitting the sloop Diamond for Baltimore, on account of 
the state 250 04 014 

Mrs. Mehitable Field, for boarding and nursing John Hawkins, a sick sol- 
dier, in service within this state , . . 1 10 00 

John Sands, for boarding Adjutant Stelle, who went in the sloop Diamond 
to Block Island, to manage an exchange of prisoners ; for boarding 
the prisoners and people, and for sundry necessaries by him supplied 
for the use of said sloop . . ., 12 1-1 08 

House J. Helmc, for twenty -seven days' services as clerk to the council of 

war 16 04 00 

Thomas Church, for a cedar boat purchased for the guards at Beaeonnett 

Point ; and for six oars belonging to said boat 03 06 

Thomas Church, for cash by him paid for carting a chest of arms from 
Cambridge to Bristol ; for going to Newport, to examine the arms be- 
longing to Colonels Richmond and Lippitt's regiments ; and for his time 
and expenses at Providence, as one of the committee, to estimate the 
proportion of the several towns, &c 3 12 00 

John Herrenden, for his services as armorer 12 00 00 

William Channing, for his expenses in attending on the General Assem- 
bly, as assistant clerk, at the last session 2 05 00 

Nathaniel Mumford, for his services in finishing the adjustment of the ac- 
counts of the committee of safety 12 00 

Gideon Mumford, as one of the standing committee, for his services in 

settling the accounts of the committee of safety 4 16 00 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 150 

£ t. d. 

Thomas Greene, for divers articles of provisions, wood, &c, by him fur- 
nished to the troops stationed iii this state, &c 54 18 054 

Thomas Greene, for his services as one of the committee for auditing ac- 
counts 9 00 00 

Benjamin Underwood, for purchasing guns for the use of the poor of the 
town of Jamestown, §80. 

Josias Lyndon, for his expenses to attend the Assembly, as clerk; and for 

three-quarters of a ream of paper for the use of the house of deputies, 3 04 10 

Simeon Potter, for three whale-boats, taken by order of General West and 
Colonel Richmond, for the'troops to go upon Prudence, at the time it 
was attacked by Wallace ; for two whale-boats, taken by order of Gov. 
Bradford, to go upon Hog Island, to take oft" stock, &c. ; for cordage 
delivered to William Throop, by Governor Bradford's order, and for 
the use of his careening tall to draw cannon, &c 33 04 00 

Executors of John Waterman, deceased, for his time, labor and sundry 
materials by him provided for building a powder null for the use of 
this state 324 11 08 

William Potter, for priming the sashes and glazing the windows of the 

court house in Kings county 14 11 00 

Silas Casey, for expense of going express from Greenwich to Providence, 
by order of William Greene, Esq., to inform the Governor of the ar- 
rival of one of the government's salt-vessels, and for the storage of a 
quantity of salt 23 04 01 

John Sayles, Jr., for his expenses, three journeys from Bristol to Provi- 
dence, to attend the general committee 4 10 00 

George Rounds, for carting done by him for the service of the state 1G 05 00 

Fenner & White, for a quantity of tallow candles for the use of the troops 

in Bristol 11 08 10 

Andrew Williams, for carting done by him, for the use of the troops 15 17 00, 

Joseph Williams, " " " " " " " 9 15 00 

Cromel Child, for materials by him provided for, and labor done in, mak 

ing some repairs on the galley Washington 10 02 03 

William Pearse, for boarding and nursing a soldier ; for six barrels of 
cider, taken from his house at Bristol Ferry, by the soldiers who came 
off Rhode Island, when the British troops landed there ; and for 
thirty bushels of potatoes, taken for the use of the troops 13 05 00 

God save the United States of America. 



General Zee to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Pompton, 7th December, 1776. 

Dear Sir : — As there is now no doubt of the enemy's directing a considerable force 
towards your island, my duty to the public, and my regard for the welfare of your 
colony, in particular, urge me to every expedient which may be serviceable to you ; 
and I must entreat you not to impute the freedom with which I shall offer my thoughts 
upon this occasion, to a petulance of disposition, but to the most pure and disinterested 
zeal. 

I have, sir, from what I have observed of the New England troops, the highest con- 
fidence in the valor of your men, and common run of your officers ; particularly 
those who are of the younger part. They have activity and fire, and in general, more 
knowledge than those advanced in years ; who are not only destitute of knowledge, 



160 RECORDS OF THE STATE; OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 

but incapable, from a certain rustincss of mind and tempe*, of acquiring any. In fact, 
the only advantage of years in any profession, is, that it enables us to add to our stock 
of knowledge. Hut if we do not avail ourselves of thedayswhich nature has made a. 
presept of to us for this purpose, the more years have passed over our heads, the more 
disqualified avo we, for the profession of a soldier of any rank. 

Now, it unfortunately happens in New England, that to the most disqualified, tho 
highest trusts are compiitted. To speak directly, the apppintments of generals in 
your provinces, threaten destruction. But ip fact, it is impossible that you should 
have men equal to this arduous task. Theory joined to practice, or a heaven-born 
genius, can alone constitute a general. As to the latter, God Almighty indulges the. 
modern world very rarely with the spectacle ; and I do not know, from what I have 
seen, that he has been fpore profuse of this ethereal spirif to the Americans, than tq 
other nations. 

But to comp to the point : Rhode Jsland will probably be attacked; your pien and 
younger officers are good, but I am persuaded you have no man with you, capable of 
conducting ap army ; no man who has sufficient knowledge as an engineer. 

I have therefore resolved to send a gentleman, with whosp great talents, activity and 
zeal, I am well acquainted ; his name is Mrdmedy, a Frenchman. I entreat, ifyou can- 
not give him the entire command, to be directed by his pounsels. You must excuse 
his heat of temper, at tipies ; as it is derived from a noble source, that of enthusiasm 
for your cause. Procure fpr him an able interpreter; and treat him, as \ am sure you 
will, with all the respect and attentiop he deserves. God bless you, sir, and — 

Believe me to be nmst devotedly, y»inrs, 

CHARLES LEE. 

To Qfqverncr Cooke. 

P. S. I believe I shall send you Col. Varnuip ; but I hqpe yqu will continue to gfve. 
Mr. Malmedy high colonial rank, which will lead him to Continental. 

General Malniedy to. General Lee, 

Providence, 10th December, 1770. 

My General : — I cpuld not arrive tjll the Gtli, owing to the difficulty I met with in 
some places, to procure horses '. as soon as I arrived, I sent the letter which you en- 
trusted rne, to the Governor, 

Accept, sir, my warmest thanks for the reconppendation with which yqu have honored 
me ; and be assured I shall exert my utmost endeavors to repder ipyself worthy (jhcqpin 
ion and goodness you have expressed in my behalf. The Governor desired me to view 
the lines of circumvallation which were opened on the right bank of the river, by Mr. 
Crow. They are drawn on that side quite arqund the town. They appeared to me, 
to be at too great a distance from the town, and too extensive ; and from the difficulty 
pf defending then), on a sudden emergency, and by reason of the great number of men 
requisite for their defence 

You know, My General, how dangerous sue]) lines are ; they have heretofore been 
found useless in niany places; although traced out with great judgment. I proposed 
to the gentlemen to draw others within them, and I perceived they were satisfied with 
the utility of this, and agreed to it ; I changed the defences, and brought the posts 
nearer ; and possibly, My General, when they are finished, you will think them capa- 
ble of being defended ; they were desired by the people, to quiet their fears. I asked 
last night for orders to see Howhand's Ferry, which you particularly recommended tq 
pie. This morning I -wait for instructions. 

J cannot give you a true idea of the distribution and .arrangement of the troops. 



1777.] 



AND FHOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 1G1 



They are not yet settled, I always view with pleasure the great number of beautiful 
towns which every moment present themselves to view. I can never believe the enemy 
will be able to overrun this country without great difficulty. You have doubtless an 
account of their numbers and positions. 

You were pleased, My General, to request those gentlemen to give me the rank of colo- 
nel, which they immediately granted to me. It is very flattering to me, to owe my pro- 
motion to you. The qualities you possess, and the deserved reputation which you en- 
joy, render this infinitely precious to me. 

It is of great importance, My General, to mo, to be commissioned by Congress, if you 
desire it, before the 1st of January, in order to be older in rank, than a number of others. 
Permit me this morning, I beseech you, to beg the favor of you to make this demand 
for me as soon as possible. My acknowledgments for the favor, shall equal the respect 
with which-- I am, My General, 

Your most humble, and most obedient servant, 

MALMEDY. 

To General Lee. 

William Ellcry, Delegate from Rhode Island in ihe Continental 
Congress, to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Philadelphia, December 10th, 1776. 

Sir :-»-Since the enemy took possession of Fort Lee, General Washington, with the- 
division under his immediate command, hath been constantly retreating, until they 
have at length passed the Delaware; and I suppose mean to make a stand on tbo 
banks of the river, opposite to Trenton. 

To prevent their being hemmed in at Ilackensack, they passed the river of that 
name, and the river P&saick, and retired to Newark. The enemy advanced; and upon 
their approach, our army, being insufficient to withstand them, retreated to "Wood- 
bridge ; the enemy followed. From thence, our army marched to Brunswick; the 
British army soon appeared on the side of the Raritan, opposite to that town. A can- 
nonade ensued, but without any hurt on either side, saving the killing of an Hessian 
officer, by one of our cannon shot. 

As the river is fordable, it would not do to continue there. Our troops decamped, 
nnd marched to Princeton, where General Washington left a body of twelve hundred 
men, under Lord Stirling, and with the rest moved to Trenton, and sent over the Dela- 
ware his principal stores, to secure them from the enemy. After this was affected, he 
sent a reinforcement to Lord Stirling; and hoping that he should be joined by the 
militia of the Jersey and this state, and by General Lee ; who, it was said, with his 
division, had passed the North Biver, and was advancing to join him, intending to 
make a stand at Princeton ; but by a strange dilatoriness, and the confusion which 
took place in the Jersey, on the enemy's penetrating their state, and the lukewarmness 
(not to give It a worse name,) of this, the enemy had approached Princeton before a 
sufficient number of militia from these states had joined General Washington, to enable 
him to make an effectual stand there ; he therefore retreated to Trenton, and crossed 
the river, with his army, last Saturday night. On Sunday, the enemy appeared at 
Trenton, and a cannonade ensued, as at Brunswick. Yesterda} r , Generals Putnam and 
Mifflin came to town, and inform that the enemy had disappeared from Trenton ; but 
they could not tell whither they were gone. 

I imagine we shall soon see them in that part of the Jersey, opposite the city, and 
perhaps hear the thunder of their cannon and mortars, and feel the effects of shot and 
bombs. We don't hear of a fleet yet in the Delaware, which I have for some time ex= 

voi v . vin. 21 



162 RECORDS OP THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 

pected. I imagine the enemy dare not venture it, for fear they shall have ice, as well 
as chevaux-de-frise, to encounter. 

I hope we shall be able to keep them out of this state ; and we should be able to do 
it, if the country would exert themselves with a tenth part of the spirit which the city 
hath manifested on this occasion ; or if General Lee should join General Washington 
with five or six thousand men, which I most devoutly wish for and expect. Where 
he is, or what delays his coming, is unknown. 

I find, by a private letter, from Newport (for I have [not] had intelligence of a higher 
nature, for a long time), that General Lee had written to our state that he thought that 
the embarkation at New York, was intended for Rhode Island ; and that this intelli- 
gence had thrown the town of Newport into great confusion, and that the inhabitants 
were all upon the wing. 

We have heard of transports being prepared to receive troops various ways ; and for 
six weeks past ; and that sometimes troops were really embarked ; and sometimes that 
they have sailed for South Carolina or Rhode Island ; but I cant't find that they have 
ever embarked any troops ; nor do I think they will, for either of these places, 
while they pursue such high game, and mean to secure the posts and places they 
have, and may, possess. They have not men enough to spare, at present ; nor do 
I think they will have them this winter, for any distant expedition. However, as 
I have often said, it is wise and prudent to be on our guard. 

Captain Garzia, who will hand you this letter, cannot wait a moment longer, which 
obliges me to close abruptly. 

I am, with great respect, 

Your Honor's most obedient, humble servant, 

WM. ELLERY. 

To Nicholas Cooke, Esq. 

General Maimed?/ to General Lee. 

Providence, December 20th, 177G. 
Sir : — On my arrival hither, I delivered your letter to the Governor, and without 
soliciting any promotion, offered my services. 

The Congress of the state have immediately granted me the rank of colonel, which 
gave me great satisfaction. Two hours after, having more attentively perused your let- 
ter, and being determined by another circumstance, they conferred upon me the rank 
of brigadier general, which I acknowledge was yet unmerited. Is there any reason to 
fear, sir, that the promotion which is an act of mere favor contains but the seeds 
of my disgrace ; and that those gentlemen, if the Continental Congress should hesitate, 
have prepared for me but an humiliating situation at the very time they intend to load me 
with their favors ? Is there a probability of my not keeping that rank ? If I do my 
duty, it would seem somewhat unjust. That promotion was entirely unsolicited by me. 
Fondly believing that Congress will attend to those observations, I entreat you will 
point them out to that body in a striking manner. 
I am, with respect, sir, 

Your most obedient, and most humble servant, 

MALMEDY. 
To His Excellency General Lee, at the army of the United States of America, in the 
Jerseys, or elsewhere, 



1777.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 163 



General Maimed y to General Lee. 

Providence, 20th December, 1776. 

My General :^I had in your orders on the 1st, that I should go to Rowland's Ferry, 
which you particularly recommended to me. 

The gentlemen of the committee imagined that Warwick Neck was more important, 
since the enemy are in Rhode Island. I returned the same evening. I have traversed 
all near to the point of Connecticut, all the neck of "Warwick. I cannot perceive in all that 
part the possibibility of hindering the enemy from making a descent. The banks 
throughout, are easy of access, and the vessels can come close to the land. There is, 
however, an advantageous situation for a camp upon the high ground, from whence we 
can hinder the enemy from forming and withdrawing themselves from the fire of their 
cannon. It might serve as a camp of observation. On my return, I gave a particu- 
lar account of this matter. 

You knew, My General, the situation of the town of Warwick. It is mere folly to attempt 
to defend it, in case the enemy makes a descent in its neighborhood. I there found 
some works begun. I thought it my duty not to oppose the desire of the commandant- 
We have therefore continued to prolong them, with some regularity, adapted to the 
ground. 

The same night I returned to Providence, and gave an account to the Governor of 
the difficulty of defending the town, and that the post ought to be evacuated. I have 
sent him an order of retreat for the detachment, with the out-guards, and requested 
him to drive from Pawtuxet the great number of cattle and forage, which are on the 
Neck. I cannot doubt but from its situation, that is the place where the enemy will 
make their descent, if they land. 

I think, My General, that after making efforts at Pawtuxet, and all along the river, 
we ought to defend Providence, and there engage them. I presented to the Governor 
four reasons to support this determination. I believe the place where I am, will, in a 
month, be out of danger of a coup de main. In that case, a general Avho shall command 
a force, supporting his left, and extending obliquely on the right, will cover Boston' 
and that province ; and I do not believe the enemy dare enter Connecticut, and by 
that means separate themselves from their vessels, which is their place of arms ; nor 
are they so numerous, as to render themselves masters of the river. I beg pardon. 
My General, for giving you this account of my arrangements, especially in a country 
where you are much better acquainted with. Allow me the indulgence granted to a 
scholar, who makes essays on your pieces, and whose feeble observations you can 
easily rectify. 

The county of Pawtuxet, is, and will always be, interesting. I pray you to assem- 
ble some troops there, and to order a number of fascines, which can readily be found 
at hand, where occasion requires. 

The Governor appears to approve of rny opinion, and has requested me to continue to 
give it on all matters. The little disposition I have seen in this town, relative to troops, 
in this time of perplexity and danger, when all ought to be in a state of activity, has de- 
termined me to present a regular distribution of the regiment, and an order of service. 
I thought it necessary to send them accompanied with letters, and some sentiments in 
honor of this country. I here enclose you a copy of my first letter, and the order of 
service. 

The gentlemen here are polite. I cannot but think myself honored with the testi- 
monies they have given of satisfaction on my conduct ; and I am particularly flattered 
with the rank they have given me. But, My General, I do not see that they have done 
the smallest thing in the matter I propose to them, nor even in those things which 
ought not be deferred a moment. Be pleased to put a favorable interpretation on what I 



164 RECORDS OF THE STATE OE RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 

have the honor to say, and believe I give this detail only from the desire I have to see 
proper disposition made foT the defence of this country. 

Notwithstanding the proximity of the enemy, and the ease with which they may land,- 
I do not see above six or seven hundred men at Warwick, one thousand or eleven hundred 
here ; four hundred citizens at the 'most, ready to take arms, and only one company of 
artillery. The colonels of the regiment do not know where to rendezvous, in case of 
alarm ; I see no posts established ; I see no artillery in motion, nor any preparations for 
Ihat purpose. No exercise at cannon, notwithstanding the great want of instruction. 

Mean time, the enemy are ten thousand. They do not make any general movement ;' 
but they can in one tide, embark in flat-bottomed boats, and land at Warwick Neck, 
and arrive at Providence in four hours. That town is worth such an attempt at this 
moment. It is very important, on account of the great quantity of merchandize and 
ships in its port. I cannot account for the conduct of the English generals, if they 
have good intelligence. The people here give themselves up to a lethargic idea, be- 
cause they are not numerous, and because they serve as a defensive post to Rhode 
Island. The Americans ought to fear the allusion ; for these two months it has beeri 
very destructive. 

General Lincoln arrived here the evening before last. I hope he will put tilings in 
order. The next day, at 10 o'clock, he set out for Bristol and Rowland's Terry, with-' 
Out my knowing of his journey. 

I am sensibly affected with the disappointment, not having yet a lodging or a horsey 
I waited on the committee. My interpreter informed them of my sensibility of not 
knowing of the departure of General Lincoln, and that I had not yet taken a view of 
what I proposed. 

They answered with the same politeness as ever, that he desired me to see the place, 
and proposed to make a tour with me ; and that he desired Mr. Varnum to inform me 
of this. However, I was not informed as to what I proposed ; they were absorbed in' 
business. It is a misfortune in a government, when military affairs are in the hands of 
the legislative authority. These are related, but ought in their particular execution, 
to be independent of each other. I have been well satisfied as to a lodging; but 
I cannot be supplied with horses. I thought it my duty, sir, to give you a particular ac- 
count. You have sent me with letters of business and confidence. You have, per- 
haps, informed Congress, and have possibly a reliance on my zeal and good will. 1 
will be very unfortunate, if in the execution of what I am charged with, I find them 
useless ; and this cannot but appear by the actual situation of things. 

I fear I shall not hereafter be thought worthy of any confidence ; and I am particularly 
jealous of losing yours, and that of the Congress. I beg you will inform Congress of 
the true situation of affairs. If, My General, I have expressed too' great a degree of 
sensibility in this portrait, I know the goodness with which you have honored me ;' 
and I beg you will correct any thing amiss, or which may displease; " Iloni soit qui 
mal y pense." 

I cannot too often repeat, My General, the civilities I have received from these 
gentlemen. I owe them all my services, and they are but a small mark of my grati- 
tude. I do not know how I shall be employed here. I beg you to recollect the ex- 
pressions in your letter, and your pleasure when yOu sent me here. I have not yet 
had a word of orders. To-day Mr. Lincoln is arrived. Mr. 'Varnum is d brigadier" 
general. I have rank of him, in this province, I should be very glad to know the 
line of service to Which I ought particularly to be designed. I am rio engineer by 
profession. I have some knowledge, and some little abilities. I will finish the open 
lines with diligence, because they are useful ; and because there is but one man here, 
who knows that kind of work. 

I shall apply myself to every thing that depends upon me, in this country ; but I 
beg you will not confine me to that profession ; I can execute another with more ad 



1777.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 1G5 



Vantage. Be so kind, My General, as to consult Congress, and inform me what is 
your and their intention respecting my services, and inform the Governor, to whom 
you have recommended nte here. In whatever manner you dispose of me, I will not 
neglect any of the duties which my condition, emulation and honor prescribe. These 
are the pretensions, these the reasons to which I resign myself. 

I should go to-day to Bristol and Ilowlitnd's Ferry, but it snows to such a degree, 
that there is no travelling. I should be glad to be under your immediate orders, i r ' 
there are any appearances this spring. I am told half of the fleet is ill Virginia ; per- 
haps you are there. I am sorry to be at such a distance from you. 

I am, &c., MALMEDY. 

To Gen. Lee. 

Robed Morris to General Washington. 

Philadelphia, December 21st, 1776. 

Sir : — Notwithstanding there are several British men-of-war cruising in our bay, tl«C 
Continental sloop Independence, commanded by Lieut. Robinson, has pushed through, 
and got up here yesterday afternoon. There are on board eight hundred and fifty-- 
six blankets, which were intended, with many others now expected in, for the use of 
the new enlistments ; but the inclement weather and the severe duty the troops under 
your command have to perform, induces me to think these blankets should be applied 
to their use. In this matter, however, you will please to judge and act as yoU see fit : 
for I shall send them to the camp for your orders, so soon as the weather will permit 
them to be landed. 

There is also arrived in this sloop, a quantity of cloths, which I shall put into the hands 
of Mr. Mease, comlnissary, to have made up immediately. There are also nine hun- 
dred and nineteen muskets on board. These, I suppose, you do not want ; and I will 
sfend them out of town, to the other stores, unless you signify a desir'e for any other 
application of them. 

I have the pleasure to inform you, that Mr. Deane, in his letter of the 30th Septem- 
ber, received by this sloop, says he looks upon a French war as inevitable. He ex- 
pects to furnish us with ample supplies for thirty thousand men, and a noble train of 
artillery, mortars, &c. ; so that if you can but drive our enemies back to New York, for 
this winter, we may hope for much better things next spring than we have experienced 
of late. 

I find my presence so necessary here in several departments, that I shall stay as 
long as I can with safety ; but as I am possessed of public papers, that must never fall 
into the hands of the enemy, I should be glad of a line from you whenever you think 
it would be best for me to retire ; and if you have any commands here, in which I can 
be serviceable, be assured of my ready attention. Your several despatches to Con- 
gress, have passed through my hands, and I have informed them fully of such things 
as have come to my knowledge, respecting pubic matters. 

Poor Lee, I pity him, exceedingly; and feel much for the public loss in him.- 
Should j-ou hear any thing of the treatment he meets with, I should thank you or Mr. 
Tilghman, for a line on that subject. I fear he will meet with insupportable insults, 
and if so, his situation must be w r orse than that of the damned. 

I have beeh told to-day, that you are preparing to cross into the Jerseys. I hope it 
may be true, and promise myself joyful tidings from your expedition. You have my 
sincere prayers for your success ; as nothing would give me greater pleasure than to 
hear of such occurrences as your exalted merit deserves. 
I have the honor to remain, 

Your Excellency's most obedient, humble servant, 

ROBERT MORRIS. 

To His Excellency General Washington. 



166 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 



Robert Horn's to General Washington. 

Philadelphia, December 23d, 1776. 

Sir : — I had the honor to receive your obliging favor of yesterday, by Colonel 
Moylan. The contents give a most melancholy aspect to our affairs ; and I wish to 
Heaven, it may be in our power to retrieve them. 

It is useless at this period, to examine into the causes of our present unhappy situa- 
tion, unless that examination would be productive of a cure for the evils that surround 
us. In fact, those causes have long been known to such as would open their eyes. 
The very consequences of them were often foretold, and the measures execrated by 
some of the best friends of America ; but in vain. An obstinate partiality to the habits 
and customs of one part of this continent has predominated in the public councils, 
and too little attentioh been paid to others. To criminate the authors of our errors, 
would not avail; but we cannot see ruin staring us in the face, without thinking of 
them. 

It has been my fate to make an ineffectual opposition to till short enlistment*, \0 colo- 
nial appointments of officers, and to many other measures that I thought pregnant with 
mischiefs ; but these things either suited the genius and habits, or squared with the 
sentiments of some states that had sufficient influence to prevail; and nothing is now 
left, but to extricate ourselves from the difficulties in which we are involved, if we 
can. Let us try our utmost ; man can do no more. I shall urge Mr. Mease to go on 
as briskly as possible with the clothing; but it's impossible for him to make much pro- 
gress, as most of the tailors are at the camp. The muskets and other stores shall be 
sent out of the city, and such papers as I can spare, shall be sent away. The fleet has 
always been my particular care ; and at this time, I am exceedingly anxious for its 
safety ; but the difficulty of getting any thing done, is inconceivable. Most of the 
tradesmen necessary to finish the Delaware, are at camp. I have applied to the 
Council of Safety to order some few of them down ; although they wish, yet they fear 
to do it, lest the rest should follow. 

I have now under my care, the Randolph and Delaware frigates- ; the brigantine 
Andrew Doria ; sloops Hornet, Independence, and Fly ; aud schooner Musquito ; all 
Continental armed vessels ; besides several valuable merchantmen ; all which, I wish 
to get out to sea, and think it might be effected, if every man concerned would exert 
himself in' his department. I try to give them spirits, and invigorate their exertions, 
all in my power. 

The enemy have six sail cruising about our capes, and keep a special look out. Not- 
withstanding this, the brigantine Andrew Doria, Captain Isaiah Robison, passed 
through them, and got safe up this day. She left St. Eustatia the beginning of this 
month, and on the passage took a sloop of twelve guns, fitted out by Admiral Gay ton 
at Jamaica, agreeably to orders of the lords of the admiralty. She also took a snow 
from Jamaica, and ordered both prizes in here ; but it's most likely they will be re- 
taken. Before I quit this subject, permit me observe, that there is a Lieutenant Josiah, 
of our navy, prisoner, and now at New York ; and we have prisoner at Yorktown, in 
this state, a Lieutenant Bogan, of their navy. I could wish an exchange between them 
conld be effected. There is also a Doctor Hodge, surgeon to Colonel Cadwalader's 
battalion of Fennsylvanians, now prisoner in New York, a young man of much merit; 
and his abilities in his profession, would render him very useful, could he be ex- 
changed. 

The sloop taken by the Andrew Doria, was commanded by a Mr. Jones, who has 
the King's commission as master and commander. He behaved bravely; and I am 
told he says Lord Howe will be desirous to redeem him. I suppose his rank to be 



1777.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 1G7 



equal to a major's or lieutenant colonel's ; which I mention, that Your Excellency may 
advert to it, if you wish for an exchange of any particular officer of merit, of that rank. 
This brigantine was sent by the secret committee for clothing and stores, and has 
brought in the following cargo : 

Two hundred and eight dozen pair of woolen stockings; one hundred and six dozen 
pair of worsted stockings ; two hundred and fifteen sailors' jackets ; twenty-three great 
coats ; fifty pieces Dutch plains ; thirty pieces (nine hundred yards,) flannel ; forty-five 
pieces blue, brown and white cloth ; four hundred and sixty-three blankets ; two hun- 
dred and eighteen pieces seven-eighths linen ; four hundred and ninety-six muskets ; 
three hundred and twenty-six pair pistols; two hundred half barrels powder; fourteen 
thousand one hundred and one pounds lead. 

I have enumerated these articles, that you may judge what part is wanted for your 
army; and your orders shall be complied with. I shall only observe that these im- 
ports were intended for the new levies ; but circumstanced as you are, I think you 
should judge solely of the propriety of applying them to our present exigencies. 

The brig Lexington and sloop Sachem, may be hourly looked for, with further sup- 
plies ; also sundry merchantmen ; but I dread their approach to our capes. They 
took a French snow, in sight of the Andrew Doria, who protected her as long as 
it was possible. 

I am fearful General Lee may suffer for want of money, if the resentment of British 
officers runs as high as they have threatened ; threfore, to prevent present distress, I 
enclose herein, a set of exchange, drawn by the late Governor Eden's secretary, Mr. 
Smith, on Messrs. Thomas Eden & Co., for £100, sterling, which I beg you will con. 
vey by a flag to General Lee, with an assurance of a further supply, whenever he 
wants it. I have endorsed the bills, and flatter myself that many gentlemen now in 
New York, to whom I am known, will advance the General the money upon them. I 
have no doubt but this matter may be so managed, as that General Lee will certainly 
get these bills and the money for them, without putting you to much inconvenience ; 
and — With the utmost esteem, I remain, dear 6ir, 

Your most obedient servant, 

ROB'T MORRIS. 

To His Excellency General Washington. 

P. S. Having sent sent my stores out of town, this is the best paper I can command 
at present. 



William Ellcr//, Delegate from Rhode Island in Hie Continental 
Congress, to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Baltimore, December 25th, 177G. 

Sir: — I did myself the honor of writing to you, by Captain Garcia, the 10th instant ; 
since which, nothing new hath taken place that I know of, in the army, excepting the 
capture of General Lee, by a party of the enemy's light horse, on the 18th. 

By some fatality, as General Sullivan in a letter to Congress, expresses himself, 
General Lee, with his family, took lodging in a farm-house, about three miles distant 
from the army under his command. Some tories informed the enemy of his situation. 
They sent off eighty light horse to take him, who surrounded and attacked the house. 
The General, with his family, made a manly resistance, but were finally obliged to 
submit, and the poor General was carried away the captive. 

A fatality, strange indeed, for some time past, hath seemed to attend our affairs. 
The loss of Fort Washington, when twenty-six hundred of our men were captivated in 
an inglorious manner ; the loss of Fort Lee, by surprise, with a great quantity of 



168 RECORDS OP THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 

stores, and the capture of the General, who was honored by his name being given to 
that fort ; and, in short, all our affairs, have in a strange manner proceeded. I hope in 
God better fortune will attend our future operations. 

General Howe's army, by our last advices, had extended itself along the Delaware, 
towards the north principally, with an apparent design to pass the river. Gen. Wash- 
ington had posted his army along the river, so as to obstruct their passage. Some of 
the militia of Pennsylvania, the lower counties, and Maryland, are about to reinforce, 
and some have actually reinforced, his army ; and General Sullivan, on whom the 
command of the division late under the command of the unhappy Lee, is devolved, 
was on the 13th of this month, marching to join him. When they join, they will to- 
gether make a respectable army, sufficient to prevent Howe's entering Pennsylvania. 
Indeed, the armies must before this, have formed a junction, if General Sullivan's di- 
vision hath not been repulsed by General Howe. We expect to hear from Philadel- 
phia every moment ; if any thing uew shall arrive before I am obliged to close my 
letter — — — 

You have doubtless before this, heard of the removal of Congress to this place. 
This is the first opportunity I have had, and this is circuitous (via Boston), to inform 
you of it. The enemy was so near, and affairs in the city in such confusion, that it 
was improper and unsafe to continue there, and for reasons too long for a letter. Bal- 
timore was fixed upon as the most suitable place for holding Congress in, for the 
present. I should like the place well enough, if it was less distant from the army, less 
dirty, and less expensive. 

It is long since I have heard from my constituents, What is doing, and how 
matters stand in our state, I know no more than an inhabitant of the moon ; although it 
would be beneficial to have every information seasonably. 

We have an account that a fleet, with eight or ten thousand men, have gone to New- 
port, and that the island was evacuated by tho inhabitants ; but that the enemy had 
not landed. By a letter from General Wooster to Congress, of the 8th of this instant, 
we are informed that the fleet on the 6th, were off New London. If it be true that so 
large a force hath gone to Rhode Island, something more is intended, in my opinion, 
than the bare taking the town of Newport for winter quarters. I suspect that they 
mean to take possession of Providence, and from thenco penetrate into the Massachu- 
setts Bay. 

If they attack Providence, it will be by land. They will pass up tho bay, to War- 
wick Neck, perhaps, then land, and march to the town. There ought to be a good re- 
doubt at Warwick Point, to check their landing, and give time for troops to be arrayed, 
to oppose their progress. I think that this division of the enemy's army, affords us a 
fine opportunity to make an officacious stroke on them. 

As soon as I had notice, that I thought I could depend upon, I immediately proposed 
to the New England delegates to write to General Washington, informing him that a 
fleet, with a large body of troops, under Clinton, had sailed for Rhode Island, and do- 
siring him to send General Gates or Greene, with such brigadier generals as could be 
spared, to take the command and direction of the troops that might be raised in New 
England, to repel the enemy from the Island, or oppose their making any inroads into 
the country. It was agreed to, and a letter written. The General told us in answer, 
that he had received previous notice, and had sent orders to Generals Arnold and 
Spencer, who were then at Albany, to repair to New England, and take the command 
of the yeomanry that should muster on this occasion. I hope that the militia will uni- 
versally turn out, and not suffer the enemy to enter and ravage our state as they have 
done the Jersey. I hope they will turn out in such numbers as to be able to give an 
effectual blow to the enemy in our quarter. 

If the army under Clinton should receive a mortal wound from the brave New Eng- 
enders, it would, in my opinion, bring the war to a speedy close; whereas, if this op- 



1777.] 



AND PBOVEDENCE PLANTATIONS. 1G9 



portunity of the division of the liritisli army should he neglected, or not improved, the 
•war, in all probability, will be protracted to a great length, if not speedily issued in our 
destruction, in the destruction of all we hold dear; for we have good reason to think 
that a reinforcement of twenty thousand men will be sent over next spring. 

By a letter from an unknown, hut I suppose good hand, read in Congress this day, 
it appears that the court of London had attempted, and were attempting by every 
means they could devise, to procure aid from every power in Europe, or to induce 
them to a neutrality ; and the writer of the letter gave it as his opinion, that what they 
could collect in Germany, together with recruits raised in England, Scotland and Ire- 
land, would amount to about that number ; and that Russia would not furnish them 
with any men. From hence, the necessity appears that we should act in every quarter 
this winter, with the spirit of men contending for an invaluable prize. 

By expresses from Philadelphia, received this day, it seems that the militia of that 
state begin to rouse themselves, and are collecting very fast, to reinforce Gen. Wash- 
ington. I have some hopes that Howe will be driven out of the Jersey this winter. If 
this should take place, and the New England states should give Clinton a sound drub- 
bing, we then need not fear what Britain, with all her mercenaries, should attempt. 

There are brave, enterprising spirits in Providence. They burned a Gaspee. They 
may burn the British fleet. I hope they will make the trial, and every effort to de- 
stroy both fleet and army. I imagine that there are a number of seamen in port, be- 
longing to the navy of the United States, as well as privateers. These men, I should 
think, could be easily induced to enterprise any thing. They are brave, and well 
know that if the British fleet is suffered to remain in our bay, there will be an end to 
privateering, by which they have made immense gain. 

"What I have written on this head, goes on this supposition, that a fleet, with a large 
body of troops, is at Rhode Island ; and flows from that warm regard I have for the 
state of Rhode Island, and the glorious cause in which we are embarked. In this 
cause, I am willing to exert, and have exerted, my best abilities ; for this, I have suf- 
fered great anxiety ; have left wife and children, and the sweetest and closest connec- 
tions in life. 

Where my wife and children are, I know not. I hope they have escaped from Rhode 
Island, and are not fallen into the hands of the enemy. If they should have been so 
unhappy, I hope the state will interfere in their behalf, and procure their release. 

I wish that an additional delegate may have been chosen, and that he may have set 
off for Congress. If it should not have been done, I hope it will be speedily done, and 
that an addition might be made to the salary already voted ; and I believe the Assem- 
bly will not think me mercenary, nor an addition unnecessary, when they are informed 
that I am obliged to give $6 a week for boarding myself; and that every article of 
living is doubled within a year or two. . I ask no more of the state than sufficient to 
give me a decent support while I am in its sc-vice ; and I know the generosity of my 
constituents too well to doubt of their disposition to do what is right in this instance. 
To that generosity and good disposition, I readily submit this matter ; and — 
Am, with the sincercst regard, 

Their, and Your Honor's friend, and humble servant, 

WILLIAM ELLERY 

To Governor Cooke. 
VOL. vni. 22 



170 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 



William Ellery, Delegate from Rhode Island in the Continental 
Congress, to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Baltimore, December 31st, 1770. 

Sir : — I received your letter of the 80th of November, and laid it before Congress, 
and took particular notice of the very weak condition of our state. 

Congress are sensible of its situation ; but as they have, by a late resolve, which the 
President will, by this express, transmit to you, with a circular letter, in which the 
reasons for their doings are contained, delegated to, and invested General "Washington 
with the whole military power for a limited time, application will probably be made to 
him in every instance which respects the military department. With regard to the 
other parts of your letter, which were ordered to be laid before Congress, as they 
required no particular observation, none were made upon them, either by Congress 
or me. 

I was extremely glad to receive so much particular information into the affairs of 
our state, and hope you will continue to make me acquainted with such doings of the 
General Assembly, from time to time, as may be thought proper to be communicated. 
I should be glad to know whether we have any powder mills in the state. Whether 
they are going, and supplied with salt petre to keep them in motion. At present, in- 
deed, if any should have been erected in the state of Rhode Island, they may be 
stopped by the enemy having entered our state ; but I hope so large a force Avillsoon 
be (if it should not be already) collected, as to give security to the town of Providence, 
and prevent them from making any incursions into our state, to confine them to Rhode 
Island, if not expel them from thence ; in which cases, all mechanical business and 
manufactures may proceed. 

In my last, of the 24th of this instant, notwithstanding the gloomy appearance of 
our public affairs, I still expressed hopes that Gen. Washington might be reinforced by 
the division under General Sullivan, and the militia from the state of Pennsylvania 
and thus reinforced, be enabled to meet aud drive the enemy from the Jerseys. Gen. 
Sullivan, with his division, and some of the troops from Ticonderoga, whose time of 
enlistment had expired, under General Gates, have joined General Washington ; and 
also, some of the Pennsylvania militia. This, and the glorious success of an enter 
prise well planned by our general, and as well executed on the morning of the 26th, 
have elevated my hopes, and give good reason to expect that our cruel foes may be 
driven from Jersey. 

The President, 1 suppose, will send you an account of that enterprise ; but lest he 
should omit it, and as we have been for some time unsuccessful, and this noble exploit 
may exhilerate the spirits of my countrymen under their present situation, I can't forbear 
enclosing you a hand-bill of the particulars, with some additions on the reverse, made 
from Gen. Washington's letter of the 27th. I heartily congratulate you on this noble, 
this unexpected event — an event which, though by no means decisive, yet by the spirit it 
will give to the troops in actual service, to the militia in the neighboring states, to our 
army, and to all the United States, is of the greatest importance. I hope, and do not 
doubt, but that it will have a fine effect upon the troops which may be collected to sup- 
port our state, and urge them on to some such enterprise, if they should have an op- 
portunity to execute it. 

Among other things that fell into our hands by the victory at Trenton, were four 
standards ; one of which is now in the room where Congress is held, and directly be- 
fore me. It is a Plessian silken standard. The battalions which were suprised and 
subdued, were the regiments ot Landspatch, Kniphausen and Rohl, I would describe 
it, if! were acquainted with heraldry, and if it were important enough to engage your 



1777.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 171 



attention. In the centre of a green field of about four or five feet, is a decorated 
giltcd circle, which encloses a lion rampant, with a dagger in his right paw, and this 
motto in the upper part of it, " Nesit Pt ricula ;" the crest is a crown, with a globe ami 
cross upon it. In the corners are gilted decorated circles, witli crowns, and globes and 
crosses on their tops ; and in their middle " F. L.," in cyphers. A broad blaze ex 
tends from the corners to the piece in the centre ; and three small blazes are placed in 
the field : one in the middle of the side next staff, one in the opposite side, and one in- 
the midst of the lower side or bottom. How well the motto suits the conduct of the 
troops where it was once waved, I shall leave, and you, sir, with this sincere wish, that 
the troops in our state may acquire like trophies ; that this successful, happy enter- 
prise, may prove an omen of future decisive victory over our barbarous foes. 
I continue to be, with the greatest esteem and consideration. 

Your Honor's most obedient and humble servant, 

WILLIAM ELLEKY 

P. S. Enclosed, you have a newspaper, which contains the first number of 
"Crisis;" an animated, useful performance, and which ought, in my opinion, to be 
re-printed every where in America. 

The express not going out so soon as was expected, gives me an opportunity to 
send you a printed copy of Gen. Washington's letter, and the return of the prisoners, 
&c. What I have called the standard, may be only one of the colors mentioned in the 
return. There is a report that a body of our troops, under General Heath, had taken 
possession of Hackensack and Fort Lee, and captured one hundred and thirty prisoners, 
a number of tories, &c, &c. I wish it may prove true. There indeed appears to be 
good ground to credit it. I was just now told by a gentleman who had conversed with 
the aid de camp, who brought General Washington's letter, that His Excellency's 
horse was wounded under him ; and that we had taken more prisoners than were men- 
tioned in the return, and more arms. W. E. 

To the Honorable Nicholas Cooke, Esq. 



William Ellery, Delegate front, Rhode Island In the Continental 
Congress, to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Baltimore, January 7th, 1777. 

Sir : — I received your letter yesterday, by an express from Philadelphia. Your ex- 
press was so fatigued, that he could not proceed immediately on ; and therefore another 
was sent forward with it. 

I laid your letter and the resolve before Congress this morning. They are disposed 
to do every thing in their power for the benefit of* the states, and have taken such 
measures as they thought might be effectual to procure the assistance you wish for. 
The measures that have been taken to prevent the enemy from penetrating the country, 
and for expelling them from our state, give me vast satisfaction. 

I hope the troops in our quarter will act on the offensive, and with spirit. Offensive 
operations have proved successful ; while our defensive measures have been attended 
with loss and disgrace. I have in my last, given you an account of General Washing- 
ton's success at Trenton, on the 26th of last month. 

I wish I could give you the particulars of his success at the same place on the 3d 
instant. By private letters by the post yesterday, it appears that he had gained a 
complete victory over a large body of the enemy ; pursued them to, and took posses- 



172 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH 



sion of Princeton, and was still pursuing, captivating and destroying them when the 
last accounts reached Philadelphia. 

An express is expected this day ; but as one sets oif immediately for the last men- 
tioned place, who will deliver this to your express, who was so fatigued that he could 
not come on ; I cannot wait for the particulars ; and have only time to add, that I 
heartily congratulate you on our late successes in the Jerseys ; that I wish equal suc- 
cess to the troops in our state ; and that 1 — 

I am, with great respect, 

Your Honor's most obedient, humble servant, 

WM. ELLERY. 
To the Honorable Governor Cooke. 

P. S. I have requested Mr. Morris, one of the Pennsylvania delegates, to send you 
the particulars of the last action, by your express. 

John Hancock ; President of the Continental Congress, to the General 
Assembly of Rhode Island. 

Baltimore, January 10th, 1777. 
Gentlemen :— The necessity of filling up the army with the utmost expedition, has 
induced Congress to direct me to request that you will, as soon as possible, inform them 
what success the recruiting service has met with in your state, towards raising the 
troops required by a resolve of the 16th of September, which was formerly transmitted 
to you. I am therefore most earnestly to entreat your compliance with this resolve 
as speedily as possible. 

I have the honor to be your most obedient, and very humble servant, 

JOHN HANCOCK, President. 
To the Honorable the Assembly of the state of Rhode Island. 

The Governor of Rhode Island to John Hancock, the President of 
the Continental Congress. 

Providence, February 3, 1777. 

Sir : — I am favored with yours of the 10th ult., desiring a return to be made to 
Congress of the number enlisted into the Continental battalions, assigned as the quota 
of this state. 

In answer to which, I am to inform you, that very soon after the appointment of 
some of the officers, we were alarmed with the appearance of a formidable fleet in the 
Sound, whose destination we had no doubt was for this state. This turned our atten- 
tion towards our immediate defence. As it was absolutely impracticable to raise with 
expedition, forces to serve during the war, the General Assembly concluded to raise 
two battalions of seven hundred and fifty men, each; and one regiment of artillery, of 
three hundred, for fifteen months, who are enlisted for the service of this state, and 
the other United Stales. 

So large a body of the enemy being within this state, hath compelled us also to keep 
one-third of all the fencible men in the state under arms. Add to these, the loss of 
Rhode Island, so great a part of the state, and that we have not had until very lately 
more than one recruiting officer for the Continental battalions, in the state. All which 
causes, have prevented any considerable enlistment. 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. (7o 

About fifty men have been enlisted; and permission is now given to those that en- 
listed for fifteen months, to enter into the Continental battalions, which I have no- 
doubt will furnish a considerable number. The General Assembly will meet to-morrow, 
and do every thing in their power, to promote this most important service. 
I am, with great esteem, sir, 

Your most humble servant, 

NICHOLAS COOKE. 
To the Hon. John Hancock, President of Congress. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Slate of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, on the fourth 
Monday in. March, 1777. 

The Hon. Nicholas Cooke, Governor. 

The Hon. William Bradford, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, the appointment and commission of Brigadier 
General James Mitchell Varnum, in the service of this state, 
has been superseded by his being appointed, by the Hon- 
orable the Continental Congress, to the same rank in the 
Continental army ; this Assembly do therefore, with grate- 
ful remembrance of his services, — 

Vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that he be 
dismissed from the said appointment ; and that he be paid 
to the time his pay commenced in the Continental service. 

This Assembly, taking into consideration the embarrassed 
circumstances of this state, and the great expenses daily accru- 
ing for its defence ; and His Excellency Gen. Washington 
having directed two generals of the Continental army, to 
take command of the troops stationed here, whereby it is 
unnecessary to retain in service general officers at their 
separate expense ; wherefore, this Assembly, retaining a 
very grateful sense of General West's zeal in the cause of 
his country, and of his conduct as an officer ; and not 
doubting his utmost exertions in their service on any future 
occasion, — 



174 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH. 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that lie 
be, and hereby is, dismissed from the office of brigadier gen- 
eral, in the service of this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that none of the members of the 
General Assembly receive any allowance for their attend- 
ance the first day of the session, excepting such only as reside 
more than twenty miles from the place at which the Assem- 
bly shall be convened, and shall set out on the first day of 
the session. 

It is voted and resolved, that Colonel Jonathan Arnold, 
Thomas Wells and John Northup, Esqs. ; Colonel Sylvester 
Child and Gideon Hoxsie, Esq., be, and they are hereby, ap- 
pointed a committee, to explain the intention of this Assem- 
bly, in an act for regulating the prices of labor, &c. ; and for 
making; such alterations therein, and addition thereto, as to 
them shall appear necessary ; and that they make report as 
soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that it be, and hereby is, recom- 
mended to His Honor the Governor, to issue his warrant for 
forthwith apprehending the following persons, who are sus- 
pected of carrying supplies to, and keeping up a corres- 
pondence with, the enemy, viz. : 

Charles Slocum, Ebenezer Slocum and Slocum, sons 

to Charles Slocum ; and Jonathan Lawton, who is suspect- 
ed of being employed by the enemies of this state in rais- 
ing recruits for their service ; and that they be brought be- 
fore this Assembly, as soon as may be. 

Whereas, our relentless enemies have possessed them- 
selves of the towns of Newport, Portsmouth, Middletown 
and Jamestown, whereby the freemen of those towns are 
deprived of the privilege of meeting at their usual places, 
for the choice of general officers, and deputies, to represent 
them in General Assembly, and such town officers as they 
have chosen on proxing day ; — 

It is therefore resolved, that those persons who were 
known to be freemen, in either of those towns, to the number 
of seven, at the least, from each town, respectively, be, and 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. L75 

they are hereby, authorized and empowered, to meet at the 
places hereafter mentioned, to wit : 

Those of the town of Newport, at the state house, in 
Providence. 

Those of Portsmouth and Middletown, at the house of 
William Durfee, in Tiverton. 

And those of Jamestow n, at the house of Matthew Allen, 
in North Kingstown, on the third Wednesday in April next, 
at ten o'clock in the forenoon, for the purpose of choosing 
general officers, deputies, and town officers, aforesaid, for 
their respective towns ; they conducting such choice agree- 
ably to the usages and practices in their respective towns, 
heretofore ; and that this resolve be inserted in the next 
Providence Gazette. 

Whereas, Mr. William Hull, of South Kingstown, in the 
county of Kings, yeoman, preferred a petition, and repre-* 
sented unto this Assembly, that he is bondsman for Jona- 
than Hazard, paymaster to one of the Continental battal- 
ions, in the sum of $20,000 ; conditioned, as he thought, for 
his, the said Jonathan's duly accounting for the sum of 
$10,000, which he was then about to receive out of the gen- 
eral treasury, and no more ; that he is since informed that, 
by virtue of said obligation, he is accountable for whatever 
sums of money the said Jonathan may receive, who hath 
since received large sums out of the treasury ; and that 
being desirous to be released from said obligation, he ap- 
plied to the said Jonathan, and requested him to account 
for the moneys he had received ; which he then promised 
should be done, but hath neglected so to do ; and there- 
upon, the said William Hull prayed this Assembly, that said 
Jonathan may be required to render an account of the 
moneys by him received ; that no further sums be allowed 
him as paymaster, as aforesaid ; that he be compelled to 
procure other bondsmen, or be dismissed from his office, 
that so he may be discharged from his aforesaid obligation ; 
and the premises being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that no further sums of money, 



176 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RIIOPE ISLAM) [MARCH,. 

or any other articles, be allowed and delivered to Jonathan 
Hazard, paymaster to one of the Continental battalions, 
until he hath procured other sufficient bondsmen for his 
faithfully executing the trust reposed in him. 

That he forthwith render an account to the standing com- 
mittee, of what money or other articles may have been paid 
and delivered him, as paymaster, as aforesaid. 

That said committee make report to the council of war, 
as soon as ma}" be ; and that upon the said Jonathan's duly ac- 
counting for whatever money or other articles he may have 
received as paymaster, as aforesaid, said obligation be de- 
livered to the said William Hull. 

It is voted and resolved, that the Colonels Richmond, Lip- 
pitt and Cook, be, and they are hereby, requested to call 
upon the officers of their respective regiments, and inquire 
of them in what manner the small arms, delivered the sol- 
diers of the said regiments by this state, are disposed of; 
and that they make Teport to this Assembly, as soon as 
may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that the Honorable Stephen Hop- 
kins, Esq., and James Helme, Joseph Hazard and Sylvester 
Robinson, Esqs., the committee heretofore appointed to 
transact the affairs of the Indians, make report of their pro- 
ceedings to this Assembly, at the next session ; and that a 
copy of this resolve be transmitted to them, as soon as may 
be, at the expense of the tribe. 

An Act assessing and apportioning a rate or tax of £16,000, 
lawful mone}^, upon the inhabitants of this state. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that a tax of £16,000, lawful 
money, shall be assessed upon the inhabitants of this state, 
to be levied, collected and paid into the general treasury, on 
or before the 1st day of August next, in bills of public 
credit, emitted by the Congress and this state. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the poll tax shall be eight shillings; being sixpence for 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 177 

every £1,000 ; and that all male persons, of twenty-one 
years of age and upwards, excepting settled ministers of the 
gospel, and officers and soldiers in the service of the Conti- 
nent, who are enlisted into the Continental battalions, and 
those enlisted by this state for fifteen months ; and the offi- 
cers, marines and mariners on board any armed vessels in 
the service of the Continent, or of this state, shall pay the 
poll tax. 

Whereas, this Assembly, at the present session, hath made 
and passed an act, ordering a tax of £16,000, to be assessed 
and levied upon the polls and ratable estates of the inhab- 
itants ; and whereas, from the distressed situation of many 
parts of this state, it hath been thought necessary to deviate 
from the established rule of proportioning the same to the 
several towns ; by which deviation it may happen that some 
town may be overburthened, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the apportionment 
of the said act upon the several towns, in the said act made, 
shall not be drawn into precedent, or be considered as a rule 
for apportioning any future tax, but shall be re-considered ; 
that any town, which shall be overburthened, shall be re- 
lieved and reimbursed what they shall appear to have paid 
over their just proportion, as soon as a proper estimate can 
be made to ascertain the same ; and that such towns as 
shall have paid less than their just proportion, shall pay 
such sums as they shall be deficient, into the general 
treasury. 

Whereas, Mr. Stephen Bowyer, of North Kingstown, pre- 
ferred a petition, and represented unto this Assembly., that 
his being obliged to remove off the farm he now improves, 
as by a late act he is warned to do, will put him to great 
difficulty and distress ; he having a large family to main- 
tain, and the season too far advanced to admit of his getting 
into business, to support them. 

And further represented, that about a twelve-month past, 
he being suspected on account of his connections with his 

TQL, Tin, 23 



178 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 

late landlord, Mr. Rome, publicly made and signed a declar- 
ation of his principles, in terms equivalent to the test, with 
which his conduct has been perfectly consistent. 

And that having, as he presumed, fully answered the in- 
tentions of the test-act, he apprehended he had complied 
therewith, without conceiving that there was occasion for 
his also subscribing the test ; which he is ready to do, if re- 
quired ; and thereupon prayed this Assembly to permit him 
still to remain upon the said farm, as a tenant to the state ; 
on consideration whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of the said Ste- 
phen Bowyer, in his aforesaid petition contained, be, and the 
same is hereby, granted. 

It is voted and resolved, that during the time the enemy 
are in possession of the island of Rhode Island, and the 
courts of justice, for the county of Newport, are obstructed 
thereby, that the inhabitants of the towns of Tiverton and 
Little Compton, be, and they are hereby, allowed to bring 
forward and prosecute all actions, whether real, personal or 
mixed, to the inferior court of common pleas, for the county 
of Bristol, in the same way and manner as though the two 
towns, aforesaid, were annexed to, and belonged to, the 
county of Bristol ; any law, custom or usage, to the con- 
trary, in any wise, notwithstanding. 

Whereas, Mr. James Robinson laid before this Assembly 
an account, wherein he had charged the state for a quantity 
of flour, being part of that seized by order of General Var- 
num ; which being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said flour be released, it 
having been previously purchased by Peter Phillips, Esq., 
commissary. 

It is voted and resolved, that the commanding officers of 
the several companies of volunteers, who engaged in the 
service of this state, in consequence of a resolve of this As- 
sembly, at the last session, for making an attack on Rhode 
Island, make out their abstracts, under oath, and present 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. L79 

them to either of the committees of .safety, within this state, 
for payment, agreeably to said resolve ; and that this re- 
solve be published in the next Providence Gazette. 

Whereas, at the June session, A. D. 1776, George Still- 
man was appointed captain and Peleg Saunders, lieutenant, 
of the third company of militia, in the town of Westerly ; 
but by some means or other, said appointment was not re- 
corded, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that said appointment 
be now confirmed, and considered as having taken place at 
said June session ; and that they be commissioned, ac- 
cordingly. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that the delegates to represent 
this state in the Continental Congress, shall be elected and 
chosen by the freemen at large, in the same manner as the 
Governor and assistants of this state are chosen, to wit : 

By the freemen putting in their proxy votes, on the third 
Wednesday in April, annually ; and in case any vacancy 
shall happen, by death, or otherwise, the General Assembly 
shall fill up such vacancy for the remainder of the year. 

Whereas, Ray Sands, Esq., was, by this Assembly, at the 
September session, 1776, appointed lieutenant colonel of the 
second regiment of militia, in the county of Kings, in the 
room of Samuel Seager ; and the secretary, by mistake, en- 
tered him as chosen colonel ; and a commission was issued, 
accordingly ; and Charles Dyer, Esq., who was colonel of the 
said regiment, having accepted very soon after, of a com- 
mission in a regiment, for three months, upon Rhode Island, 
which prevented the mistake from being discovered ; and 
the said Ray Sands having, in consequence of his said com- 
mission, upon the appearance of the enemy's fleet, and ever 
since, acted as colonel of the said regiment ; which error 
ought to be rectified ; — 

It is voted and resolved, that the thanks of this Assembly 
be given to the said Ray Sands, for his spirited and vigilant 
conduct, as colonel of the said regiment, aforesaid. 



180 RECORDS OF THE STATE OP RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 

That the said Charles Dyer have the command of the 
same, during the remainder of the year. 

That, from the known zeal of Col. Sands, for the public 
good, this Assembly hope and expect that he will act as 
lieutenant colonel of the said regiment ; in which case, the 
commission granted to Thomas Potter, Esq., will be vacated. 

That the secretary forthwith transmit a copy of this vote 
to Col. Sands, and the said Thomas Potter, Esq. ; and that 
Lieutenant Colonel Sands be commissioned, accordingly. 

It is voted and resolved, that Thomas Potter, Esq., be, 
and he is hereby, dismissed as a lieutenant colonel in the 
militia, he having been appointed, through mistake, to that 
office; and that he be dismissed as major; the time of the 
enlistment of the regiment to which he was appointed, hav- 
ing expired. 

Resolved, that each of the three divisions of the militia, 
alarm and independent companies, heretofore drafted agree- 
ably to a resolve of this Assembly, passed at their session 
in December last, be drafted into two divisions each, under 
the direction of the field officers of each regiment, or com- 
mander of each independent company. 

And that those of the militia and alarm companies be 
formed into companies, to be commanded by officers pro- 
portioned by the said field officers, and assigned to said 
companies ; and those of independent companies, be propor- 
tioned and assigned to said companies, by officers of the said 
companies. 

And that the draught of every division, as aforesaid, be 
made by the respective field officers, and commanders of 
independent companies, on Friday, the 4th day of April next 

That immediately upon said drafts being completed, the 
field officers, and commanders of said independent compa- 
panies, shall cause the one-half of said first division to be 
formed into companies, apportion to each their proper offi- 
cers, and cause them to march to such part of the shores 
within their respective counties as they shall direct, on or 
before the 6th day of April next. 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 181 

And it is further resolved, that the division on actual duty, 
be relieved at the expiration of fifteen days from their en- 
tering on said duty, by the other divisions, in the order 
in which they have been, and shall be, drawn out ; and that 
the field officers, and commanders, aforesaid, be, and they 
are hereby, directed to cause relief to be made, and done 
punctually, at the time each division shall have completed 
its duty, as aforesaid. 

And it is further resolved, that the several commanders 
of the respective companies, so drafted, as aforesaid, cause 
their several companies to be completely equipped with 
arms, and every other necessary accoutrement; and that if 
any in said companies, who have been adjudged by the town 
council in their respective towns, to be unable to furnish 
themselves therewith, shall appear not duly equipped, the 
commanders of said companies are directed to apply to said 
town councils, who are hereby empowered to furnish them 
with arms and accoutrements, agreeably to the aforemen- 
tioned resolve. 

And it is further resolved, that the officers who shall 
serve in said divisions, shall be entitled to, and receive, the 
same wages and rations as are allowed and paid to officers 
of equal rank in the Continental service ; and that the non- 
commissioned officers and privates also receive the same 
pay and allowance, for the same and similar service, as those 
in the Continental army. 

That no adjutants be appointed ; but their duty shall be 
done and performed by the sergeant-majors ; and that but 
one quartermaster be allowed to a regiment. 

And it is further resolved, that each and every person by 
law obliged to bear arms, who, when duly notified, and 
called out to duty, shall neglect to appear in person, com- 
pletely equipped with arms and accoutrements, shall be 
liable to pay, as a fine, for each and every day's neglect, the 
sum of five shillings, lawful money ; to be levied and col- 
lected by warrant or distress, from the captain or other com- 



182 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 

manding officer of the company, for the time being, directed 
to the clerk, unless the person so deficient, shall, before the 
expiration of said fifteen days, pay into the town treasury, 
in the town in which he resides, the fines due for his not 
appearing, as aforesaid, and shall produce a receipt, there- 
for, from said town treasurer, to said captain, or command- 
ing officer. 

And it is further resolved, that the respective colonels of 
militia and alarm companies, and commanders of independ- 
ent companies, shall make return of said draught to the 
council of war, or to General Spencer, within two days after 
said draught is completed ; and if any officer shall neglect 
or refuse to do his duty, and make said draught, agreeably 
to this act, and make due return, thereof, within the time 
prescribed, he shall forfeit and pay as a fine, for such neg- 
lect, the sum of £6, lawful money, to be recovered by bill, 
plaint or information, before any court of record within this 
state. 

And it is further resolved, that the secretary transmit 
printed copies of this act, by express, to the several colonels 
of militia, and commanders of independent and alarm com- 
panies, as aforesaid, on or before the 2d clay of April next. 

Resolved, that such of the inhabitants of New Shoreham, 
on Block Island, and now on the main, as choose to return 
to .their homes, have liberty to return, under the inspection 
of the commanding officer of the district from whence they 
shall depart, until the 10th day of April next; and those 
now living in said town, who are desirous to remove to the 
main, are permitted so to do, within the time abovesaid ; 
after which, all intercourse shall cease between the inhab- 
itants of said town and those on the main (saving only 
commissioned officers in the Continental battalions, for 
the purpose of recruiting), until further orders from this 
Assembly. 

Whereas, it is recommended by Congress, to pass laws to 
prevent the counterfeiting the tickets, issued by Congress, 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 183 

in the present state's lottery ; and for the punishment of 
those who who may be convicted of counterfeiting or forg- 
ing any such ticket, — 

Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, and 
by the authority thereof it is enacted, that any person or 
persons convicted of said crime, be liable to suffer the 
pains of death, without the benefit of clergy ; with confisca- 
tion of all and singular the real and personal estate of the 
offender ; and that the same, when recovered, be paid into 
the general treasury, for the use of this state. 

An Act in addition to, and amendment of, an act, entitled 

" An act to prevent monopolies and oppression, and for 

the better supply of our troops," &c. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that from and after the 10th 
day of April next ensuing, the price of farming labor, viz. : 
for mowing and reaping in their seasons, shall not exceed 
three shillings and sixpence per day ; and in the three 
winter months, one shilling and sixpence per day ; and at 
all other times of the year, two shillings per clay ; that for 
the three summer months, the price of labor by the month, 
shall not exceed forty-eight shillings, when found ; and at 
all other seasons in the same proportion, compared with day 
labor. 

That common labor, in the town of Providence, shall not 
exceed four shillings and sixpence per day ; they finding 
themselves ; and three shillings, when found. 

That the price of Indian corn in the towns of Providence, 
Bristol, Warren, Tiverton and Little Compton, shall not ex- 
ceed four shillings per bushel ; and in the compact part of 
the town of East Greenwich, three shillings and ninepence 
])er bushel ; and rye five shillings per bushel ; and in all 
other places in this state, corn shall not exceed three shil- 
lings and sixpence per bushel ; and rye, four shillings and 
sixpence per bushel ; meal, at the places where meal has 
usually been sold, shall be at a price in proportion, accord- 



184 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 

ing to the usual customs ; and good rye and Indian bread, 
shall not exceed fourteen shillings for every one hundred 
and twelve pounds weight ; and in that proportion, for 
every other quantity. 

That the price of stone lime shall not exceed at Provi- 
dence, $4, per hogshead. 

That fresh fish shall not exceed, at the places where they 
are caught, one penny one farthing per pound ; in the town 
of Providence, twopence half-penny ; and at all other places 
within this state, two pence per pound. 

That oysters shall not exceed two shillings per bushel, at 
market. 

That Jamaica spirits, by the gallon, per hogshead, shall 
not exceed nine shillings ; the seller finding the cask ; and 
by retail, in the same proportion as other West India rum. 

That West India rum be sixpence, and New England,, 
four pence per gill ; that in case any person shall sell any 
of the above spirits under proof, he shall forfeit the value of 
the same, to be recovered by bill, plaint or information, in 
any court of record within this state. 

That oats be fourpence per pottle. 

That good merchantable men's shoes shall not exceed 
nine shillings per pair. 

And that beaver hats shall not be sold for more than 
forty-eight shillings apiece. 

And be it further enacted, that in case any inhabitant or 
inhabitants of any town within this state, more especially 
the families of soldiers in the service of their country, shall 
be distressed for want of any necessary articles of life, and 
Avhich are within their towns, and shall be witheld from sale 
by the persons to whom the same belong, to monopolize 
and engross the same, upon complaint thereof made to 
either of the members of the town council or overseers of 
the poor in such town, under oath, he shall certify the same, 
and the quantity necessary to relieve such distressed person 
or persons, to any justice of the peace within said town ; 
who, on receipt thereof, shall issue his warrant to the town 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 185 

sergeant, or either of the constables of said town, authoriz- 
ing him, if necessary, to break and enter any store or other 
place, and seize out of the hands of such monopolizer and 
engrosser, so much as shall be certified to be necessary, as 
aforesaid, and deliver the same to such distressed person or 
persons, at the stated prices ; and the moneys for which 
such articles shall be sold (after deducting all lawful cost 
and charges accruing on the process, aforesaid), shall be re- 
turned to the owner of the article or articles so seized and 
impressed. 

And it is further enacted, that so much of the act, afore- 
said, as relates to the price of farming labor, Indian corn and 
rye, be, and the same is hereby, repealed. 

And be it further enacted, that a committee be appointed 
by each of the towns within this state, on the third Wednes- 
day in April next, to provide necessaries for the families of 
soldiers belonging thereto, who shall engage in the public 
service within this state, and deliver the same to such fami- 
lies at the price affixed by law, without any additional ex- 
pense to such soldiers; they lodging with, or remitting 
money to such committee, for that purpose. 

And be it further enacted, that the above, and foregoing 
regulations of the several articles and things be in force, 
any law to the contrary, notwithstanding ; and that this act 
be published in the next Providence Gazette. 

Whereas, this Assembly is informed that $10,000 hath 
been received by Mr. Jonathan Hazard, from the deputy 
paymaster general of the eastern department, for discharg- 
ing the bounties allowed by Congress to the officers and 
soldiers who should enlist in the Continental battalions, oi> 
dered to be raised by this state ; which hath since been de- 
livered by the said Jonathan, to Brigadier General Yarnum, 
as appears by his receipt now before this Assembly. 

And whereas, a large sum of money hath been advanced 
by this state for the purpose, aforesaid, which was to have 
been re-paid when money should be received for paying 
said bounty from the Continent ; — 

vol. viii. 24 



186 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that Mr. John Brown 
be, and he is hereby, requested to apply to General Varnum 
for said sum of $10,000, and upon his receiving the same, 
that he give his receipt, therefor, and pay it into the gen- 
eral treasury. 

Whereas, in the distressed situation of this state, attacked 
by a powerful detachment of the British army and navy, 
His Excellency General Washington ordered to our assist- 
ance two generals of distinction in the Continental army ; 
previous to which, the General Assembly of this state had 
appointed Maj. Francois Lellorquis de Malmedy, a brigadier 
general, in the pay and service of this state. 

And whereas, since the arrival of the generals, first men- 
tioned, considering the very heavy burthen of expense, 
which is rapidly increasing upon us, as well as the very 
small number of troops in this state to be commanded, it is 
incompatible with the dictates of prudence for this state to 
continue general officers in pay, at their particular and sep- 
arate expense, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that this Assembly do 
hereby dismiss the said Brigadier General Maimed}- from 
the service of this state, with a very grateful remembrance 
of his abilities, activity and zeal ; and of his unwearied ex- 
ertions in the cause of America, in general, and the service 
of this state, in particular ; and as a further testimony of 
their favorable opinion of General Malmedy's services, — 

It is further voted and resolved, that a present be made 
him of the sum of .£50, lawful money. 

It is further voted and resolved, that the secretary au- 
thenticate a copy of this resolve, and deliver the same to 
Brigadier General Malmedy, together with the sum of £50, 
abovesaicl. 

And it is further resolved, that Mr. John Smith be, and 
hereby is, directed to settle the wages and rations of Briga- 
dier General Malmedy, up to the 10th day of April next, 
and pay him what shall be due on that behalf; and that 
he also pay the sum of £50 to the secretary, to be pre- 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 187 

sented to General Malmedy, with the copy of his vote of 
dismission, above mentioned. 

It is voted and resolved, that whenever any business oi* 
importance shall make it necessary to call the General As- 
sembly, the Governor is hereby required to call the same m 
the county where the General Assembly last sat. 

Whereas, the test or declaration, ordered to be subscribed, 
b} r an act of this Assembly, by the inhabitants of this state, 
hath been tendered to many of said inhabitants individually 
for subscription, who have refused to subscribe the same, or 
or produce a certificate, agreeably to the requisitions of said 
act, and have thereby manifested themselves unfriendly to 
the liberties of this, and the other United States, — 

It is therefore resolved, that said inhabitants who have 
refused to subscribe said test, when tendered to them, as 
aforesaid, or produce said certificate, be not permitted in 
future to subscribe said test, or declaration, without per- 
mission first had from this Assembly ; any act to the con- 
trary hereof, notwithstanding ; and that this resolve be 
published in the next Providence Gazette. 

Resolved, that those commissioned officers in the fifteen 
months' battalions and train, who have not enlisted, and 
shall not enlist, the following number of men, viz. : 

A captain, twenty ; a first lieutenant, sixteen ; a second 
lieutenant, twelve ; and an ensign, ten men ; and make the 
proper returns, thereof, by the 1st day of May next, shall 
be dismissed the service. 

And it is further resolved, that it be recommended to the 
commanding officer on each post, to detain on constant duty 
those officers only, who have already completed their enlist- 
ments, according to the numbers above mentioned ; and ad- 
mit the rest in turn, to recruit within said term, in order 
that they may have it in their power to comply with this 
resolve ; and it is enjoined upon all, both field officers and 
others, to use every endeavor to fill the said regiments by 
the said 1st day of May. 

It is voted and resolved, that the general election, for the 



188 



RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 



present year, be held at Providence ; that the second session 
of the General Assembly, be held at South Kingstown ; the 
third, at East Greenwich ; and the fourth session, at Provi- 
dence ; and that every session of Assembly, by adjourn- 
ment, shall in that manner, be continued in rotation (taking 
place by seniority of counties), allowing,-during the time 
that the General Assembly cannot be convened upon the 
island of Rhode Island, the same number of sessions, by ad- 
journment, to the county of Providence, as are allowed to 
both the counties of Kings and Kent. 



An Act for numbering all persons able to bear arms within 
this state. 
Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that the following persons be 
appointed committee men, for the towns to which their 
names are respectively ascribed, for the purposes herein- 
after mentioned, to wit : 



For Providence, 

\ Warwick, 

" Westerly, 

" North Kingstown, 

" South Kingstown, 

" East Greenwich, 

" Jamestown, 

" Smithfield, 

" Scituate, 

" Glocester, 

" Charlestown, 

" West Greenwich, 

" Coventry, 

" Exeter, 

" Bristol, 

" Tiverton, 

" Little Compton, 

" Warren, 

" Cumberland, 



Mr. Martin Seamans, 
Mr. James Jerauld, 
Joseph Crandall, Esq., 
Joseph Coggeshall, Esq., 
Thomas Potter, Esq., 
Benjamin Tillinghast, Esq., 
Benjamin Underwood, Esq., 
Daniel Mo wry, Esq., 
Mr. Joseph Davis, 
Captain Asa Kimball, 
Joseph Hoxsie, Esq., 
Samuel Hopkins, Jr., Esq., 
Samuel Wall, Esq., 
George Peirce, Esq., 
Daniel Bradford, Esq., 
Walter Cooke, Esq., 
Philip Taylor, Esq., 
William T. Miller, Esq., 
John Dexter, Esq.. 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 18$ 

For Richmond, Captain Simeon Clarke, Jr., 

" Cranston, Nehemiah Knight, Esq., 

" Hopkinton, Thomas Wells, Esq., 

" Johnston, Richard Eddy, Esq., 

" North Providence, Captain Joseph Olney, 

" Barrington, Mr. Henry Bowen. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the said committees make regular lists or registers of the 
names of all male persons inhabiting or residing within 
their respective towns : 

From sixteen to fifty years of age, whom they shall judge 
able to bear arms. 

From sixteen to fifty years of age, whom they shall judge 
unable to bear arms. 

From fifty to sixty, able to bear arms. 

From fifty to sixty, not able ; and from sixty, upwards. 

That lists be made of those who are transient, or resident 
persons, in the same manner ; as also of those belonging 
to the towns within this state, in the possession of the ene- 
my ; of negroes and Indians, in the same manner ; and also 
of those who have taken the affirmation, or produced cer- 
tificates from the Friends' Meeting, to excuse them from 
military duty ; as also, of those who have enlisted into the 
Continental battalions, and into the service of this state for 
fifteen months ; setting forth the names of all the persons 
numbered in separate counties. 

And after the lists, aforesaid, are made, the said commit- 
tees shall make oath, before some magistrate, or justice of 
the peace, that the same hath been justly and truly made, 
according to the best of the knowledge of such committee 
man ; and said lists, so made and sworn to, shall be returned 
by the said committees to the General Assembly, at their 
next session, to be holden at South Kingstown, on the 17th 
day of April next. 

And be it further enacted, that in case either of the said 
committees shall refuse to serve, that either of the deputies 



190 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 

of such town where such committee resides, be empowered 
to appoint other suitable persons in their places. 

And it is also enacted, that the commanding officers of 
the two Continental battalions raised by this state, and of the 
two regiments and train of artillery enlisted by this state, 
for fifteen months, be requested to make return to the Gen- 
eral Assembly, on the said 17th day of April next, of the sol- 
diers they shall have then enlisted, with the towns to which 
said soldiers belong, in order that the General Assembly 
may then know the strentgh of the state. 

And it is farther enacted, that the secretary, as soon as 
may be, furnish the said committees with copies of this act, 
and with blank columns, for the purposes aforesaid. 

Voted and resolved, that the following accounts be paid 
out of the general treasury, viz. : 

Bills Ordered to be Paid. 

.£ s. d. 

Nathan Miller, for sundry supplies for the troops stationed at Bristol. ..... 103 11 04 

Cromel Child, for sundry materials by him furnished for, and labor done 

on, the flat-bottomed boats 58 00 04 

William Cozzens, for making a number of tents for the state ; and for twine 

furnished for making the same 82 14 00 

Colonel John Low, for victualling a number of soldiers ; and for six days' 

service in the militia 5 02 00 

Dr. Caleb Fisk, for attendance upon, and sundry nledicines by him admin- 
istered to, two sick soldiers 3 02 04 

Dr. Caleb Fisk, for medicines by him administered to, and attendance on, 

sundry sick soldiers, in the Continental service 4 19 11 

Mrs. Fear Read, for victualling sundry soldiers, belonging to Capt. James 

Williams's company , 1 10 00 

Mrs. Mary Franklin, for billeting a number of soldiers belonging to Capt. 

James Albro's company i . . t 18 02 07 

Mrs. Mary Franklin, for the ferriages of a number of soldiers 3 15 04 

Executors to the estate of John Waterman, for writing paper and paste- 
boards, for printing the last emission of paper money 36 01 00 

Edward Carr, on account of damages done by the soldiers to his house on 

the island of Conannicut 6 02 00 

Stephen Jenckes, in addition to the £12, heretofore allowed for a gun, pur- 
chased of him, for a present to the Oneida Chiefs 3 00 00 

Isaac R. Bliven, for medicines for, and attendance on, a soldier, belonging 

to Captain Ethan Clarke's company , 1 11 10 

Jesse Knight, for the hire of his mare, to draw artillery 3 00 00 

John Hawkins, for his time and expenses in apprehending Ebenezer and 

Charles Slocum, and Jonathan Lawton 4 18 11 



1777.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 191 



£ s. d. 

Silas Downer, for eleven days' attendance on the council of war, as clerk. 6 12 00 

Josiah Arnold, for damage done by the soldiers to his house, furniture and 

stock, on the island of Conannicut 41 10 0£ 

James Brown, for entertaining a company of soldiers ; for keeping one 

yoke of oxen and horse, and for wood burnt by the said company 2 03 03 

William Vincent, for twenty-four days' service, in attending the sick of 
Col. Noyes's regiment; for his board, horse keeping, and for medi- 
cines provided for said regiment 15 13 03 

Benjamin Carr, for damages done to his house, on the island of Conanni- 
cut, by the soldiers quartered therein 8 02 04 

Joseph Austin, for a cedar boat, oars and sails, taken by Captain Sheldon, 

for the service of the state 5 00 00 

Nathan Miller, for a whale-boat, taken by order of Colonel Child, for the 

use of the troops, when Wallace landed on Prudence 4 10 00 

Nicholas Cooke, for a number of narrow axes, delivered for the use of the 

state 10 10 00 

Robert Carr, for the ferriages of a number of soldiers and their baggage, 

and of a number of horses 4 08 07 

John Kelly, for the ferriages of a number of soldiers, &c 15 09 04 

Thomas Peck, for two blankets, delivered by order of the town council of 

Providence, towards equipping the poor of said town 2 08 00 

John Carpenter, for one blanket, delivered by order of the town council of 

Providence, for equipping the poor of said town 1 04 00 

Caleb Harris, for a number of blankets, scabbards and belts for bayonets, 
by him purchased, by order of the town council of Johnston, for equip- 
ping the poor of said town 12 18 00 

Cromel Child, for sundry materials by him furnished for, and labor done 

on, the galley Spitfire 42 18 06 

Samuel Wall, for four guns with bayonets, and three cartridge-boxes, pur- 
chased by order of the town council of Coventry 17 14 00 

Robert Sheffield, for his services as an armorer, in the regiments com- 
manded by Colonel Joseph Noyes and Colonel Eay Sands 18 11 09 

Daniel Rodman, for a quantity of rum, sugar and other necessaries, by him 

supplied to the soldiers stationed at South Kingstown 16 19 00 

Joseph Clarke, for damages done to his estate on Jamestown, by the troops 

stationed there 19 17 00 

Joseph Congdon, 3d, for blankets, small arms and sundry other equip- 
ments, by him purchased by order of the town council of Charlesfown, 
for equipping the poor of said town 18 07 06 

Gideon Cornell, for four weeks' board of William Ware 2 08 00 

Josias Lyndon, for his expenses to Providence, to attend on the General 

Assembly, as clerk to the house of deputies 1 14 00 

William Channing, for his expenses at Providence, in attending on this 

Assembly, as assistant clerk of the lower house 1 16 00 

James Congdon, 3d, for taking two depositions in a complaint exhibited 

against Nathan Kinyon, one of the members of this Assembly , . 15 08 

Nathaniel Mumford, for his services as one of the standing committee of 

audit ,,. 6 0000 

Thomas Greene, for his services as one of the standing committee for au- 
diting accounts 5 08 00 



192 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 

£ s. d. 
William Potter, for one cord of walnut wood, by him provided for the use 

of the state house in Kings county 18 00 

Jeremiah Albro, for his expenses to Westerly, to carry a letter to Mr. 

Ethan Clarke, by order of this Assembly ; for his attendance on this 

Assembly as waiter, at the present session, and for candles, &c 2 03 09 

Ebenezer Tefft, for cleaning the state house, in Kings county, and for his 

attendance as a waiter on this Assembly, at the present session 1 14 00 

Beriah Brown, Jr., for his services, &c, to convey Ebenezer and Charles 

Slocum to Major Clarke, by order of this Assembly 1 04 00 

Paris Gardner, for one month's wages as adjutant of Col. Sands's regiment, 6 00 00 
Nathan Miller, for ration bills, &c, paid by him to sundry officers 8 00 OS 

God save the United States of America, 

The Governor of Rhode Island to Gen. WasJungton. 

Providence, March 18, 1777. 

Sir : — Your Excellency's favors of the 1st and 3d instant, have been duly received,, 
and will be laid before the General Assembly, at their meeting, next week. 

This state, from its early and continued exertions, hath been greatly exhausted of 
arms. Of all those furnished to Continental troops raised by us, and to the great num- 
ber of seamen raised for the fleet, none have been returned, excepting from Col. Rich- 
mond's battalion, almost all which were lost upon Rhode Island. The invasion of the 
.enemy hath also obliged us to put arms into the hands of those poor persons in the mi- 
litia, who were not able to purchase. 

In this case, we were under the necessity of applying to the Continental agent, in 
the Massachusetts, of whom we received eleven hundred and seventy-six, and no- 
more; some part of which, hath been delivered out to the militia from that state, who* 
came here unarmed. Should these arms be taken from us, it will be impossible to fur- 
nish the Continental battalions now raising here ; and I am persuaded the General As- 
sembly will wait your further orders before they will be delivered. And when Your 
Excellency shall have considered the matter fully, and more especially, that all our 
ports have been effectually blocked up ever since the beginning of December, which 
hath prevented us from importing any, I have no doubt you will countermand your 
order. 

We have already given every encoui-agement in our power to men to enlist into the 
Continental battalions ; and am sorry to inform you, that there are but about four 
hundred enlisted. Nor in the present state of affairs, do I see any prospect of our 
being able to complete them. To oppose the enemy at Rhode Island, the states of 
New England agreed to keep up an army of six thousand men ; of which, we were to 
furnish eighteen hundred. The other states having always fallen short of their 
quotas, from eighteen to twenty-five hundred, we have been obliged to keep up be- 
tween twenty-five hundred and three thousand. At present, the enemy consist of six 
Hessian and two British regiments, making near four thousand men ; and we have not 
in the state, but five hundred and fifty-one effective men, besides our own troops. 

Your Excellency is sensible that near a quarter part of the state is possession of the 
enemy. Besides those enlisted into the Continental battalions, the brigade for fifteen 
months consists of about five hundred ; and one-third of all the remaining fencible men 
are upon monthly duty, by rotation. I need not add, that this situation creates insu- 
perable difficulties. 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 193 

In my next, I will send you the best account I can, of the exchange of prisoners 
from this state. Of those sent by us, it will be exact. 

Methods are taking by General Varnum, to have the two Continental battalions 
raising by this state, inoculated as early as possible. But I cannot think, while so large 
a body of the enemy are upon Rhode Island, and we left so defenceless, that Your Ex- 
cellency will order them away. 

I am, sir, Your Excellency's most obedient, humble servant, 

NICHOLAS COOKE, 
To His Excellency General Washington. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kingstown, on 
Thursday, the Ylth day of April, 1777. 

The Hon. Nicholas Cooke, Governor. 

The Hon. William Bradford, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, Mr. Stephen Franklin, Jr., preferred a petition, 
and represented unto this Assembly, that yesterday, he laid 
before them the reasons why he, his father and mother, 
were off Block Island ; and likewise for his and their not 
returning before the time limited by act of Assembly for 
that purpose, had expired ; and further represented, that 
his father has a large family, great part of which are en- 
tirely helpless, and depend upon their parents for support ; 
and that if they should be detained, the family must conse- 
quently suffer ; and thereupon, prayed this Assembly to 
grant to him and his parents permission to return home ; 
and the premises being duly considered by this Assembly, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of said petition 
be, and the same is hereby, granted. 

It is voted and resolved, that Jonathan Arnold, Henry Ward 
and Daniel Mo wry, Esqs., be, and they are hereby, appointed 
a committee to revise, alter and amend an act for the relief 

yoh, viii, 25 



194 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [APRIL, 

of tender consciences ; and that they report the same to this 
Assembly, as soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that Col. Joseph Noyes and 
Messrs. George Babcock and Enoch Haszard, be a commit- 
tee, to receive the stock belonging to the farm lately im- 
proved by Mr. Silas Niles ; and that they appraise the 
same, and deliver it to Messrs. Stephen Champlin and Job 
Watson, to whom said farm hath been leased ; and that said 
committee apply to said Niles for an inspection of the lease 
he received from Mr. Samuel Sewall, that the quantity of 
stock, &c, may be ascertained which was to be delivered by 
the said Niles, at the expiration of said lease. 

It is voted and resolved, that Joshua Babcock, Esq., be, 
and he is hereby, appointed to forward to Westerly, a 
quantity of powder, &c, belonging to this state, which is 
now on the road. 

Whereas, this Assembly, at the last session, empowered 
such inhabitants of the town of Newport, as were freemen 
thereof, at the time it was taken possession of by the ene- 
my, to meet at Providence, on the 16th instant, and choose 
deputies to represent the said town ; who accordingly met, 
and among others, chose Paul Mumforcl, Esq. ; who having 
purchased an estate in Barrington, and removed there, with 
his family, is also elected a deputy for the said town of 
Barrington ; whereby, a vacancy is made in the deputies of 
Newport ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that such inhabitants 
of the said town of Newport, as were freemen, thereof, at 
the time it was taken possession of, as aforesaid, consisting 
of a number not less than seven, be empowered to meet to- 
gether, at the state house, in Providence, on Tuesday, 
the 6th day of May next, at five o'clock, in the afternoon, 
to choose another person in the room of the said Paul 
Mumford. 

It is voted and resolved, that Job Comstock, Esq., be em- 
powered, as guardian, to have the oversight of the negroes 
lately belonging to George Rome ; and that three-quarter 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 195 

parts of the profits of their labor be paid by the said Job to 
the said negroes ; and that the other part be retained by 
him, in behalf of the state. 

Whereas, Mrs. Sarah Slocum and her family are suspected 
of having communicated intelligence, and afforded supplies, 
to the enemy, at Newport, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that Mr. Lodowick Up- 
dike be requested and empowered forthwith to remove the 
said Mrs. Slocum and her family, from his farm, in North 
Kingstown. 

That if said Lodowick shall refuse or neglect to remove 
them within ten days, the sheriff for the county of Kings 
be, and he is hereby, directed to remove them ; and that 
she, with her family, reside in such parts on the main, as are 
distant not less than two miles from the salt water. 

Whereas, the draft of a letter to the speaker of the lower 
house of Assembly of the state of Massachusetts Bay, was 
laid before this Assembly, and the same being duly con- 
sidered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that said draft be, and hereby is, 
approved ; that a fair cop}', thereof, be made ; and that His 
Honor the Governor sign the same, and forward it, im- 
mediately. 

It is voted and resolved, that Colonel Joseph Noyes be, 
and he is hereby, appointed to forward to Westerly, a quan- 
tity of powder, &c. belonging to this state, in the room of 
Joshua Babcock, Esq., who declines. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. Jonathan Arnold, 
John Brown and John Smith, be a committee, to determine 
what allowances shall be made to the officers and soldiers 
that have been, or shall be, wounded in the Continental ser- 
vice, agreeably to a resolve of Congress. 

It is voted and resolved, that no tax be assessed upon 
the inhabitants of the towns now in possession of the ene- 
my, and who have removed into other towns, for their per- 
sonal estates ; and that they be discharged from any tax al- 



196 records of The state of rhode island [April, 

ready assessed upon their personal estates, which is not as 
yet collected. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Reynolds be, and 
he is hereby, empowered to purchase, in either of the New 
England states, blankets and cloth, sufficient for making one 
thousand suits of clothing for the troops ordered to be raised 
within this state ; that he draw money out of the general 
treasury, to pay for the same ; and that he make report to 
this Assembly, as soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that the towns of East Green- 
wich, Warwick and Coventry, be permitted to inoculate for 
the small pox, under the direction of their respective town 
councils ; subject to the same restrictions and provisions, as 
heretofore enacted, by this Assembly. 

Whereas, His Excellency General Washington hath or- 
dered the Continental troops within this state, immediately 
to march to join the army in the Jerseys, Avhich renders it 
necessary that they should forthwith be furnished with 
blankets, &c. ; and whereas, this Assembly is informed, that 
Messrs. Nicholas and John Brown have in their possession 
about eight hundred blankets, belonging to the Continent, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the said Nicholas 
and John Brown be, and they are hereby", requested to de- 
liver said blankets to Mr. John Smith, for the use of said 
troops, that the orders of General Washington may be im- 
mediately complied with. 

Whereas, Messrs. George Waite Babcock, Joseph Spencer 
Taylor, John Slocum and Christopher Pearce, preferred a 
petition, and represented unto this Assembly, that having 
{he Avelfare of their country at heart, and willing to support 
it with their lives ; and having reason to think that the 
enemy are determined to make some excursion on the 
main, and well knowing that there is not a sufficient num- 
ber of men to guard the town of Updike's Newtown, where 
there are many persons who are incapable of moving out 
with their effects, they have raised a company, consisting at 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS* 197 

present of thirty-six men, including officers ; and that by a 
majority of said company present at Updike's Newtown, on 
on the 14th day of April inst,, they were nominated as offi- 
cers to said company ; and were requested in their behalf, 
to make application to this Assembly, to grant them a 
charter, with the same privileges as have been granted to 
other independent companies ; and thereupon, the said pe- 
titioners prayed this Assembly to grant a charter to the 
said company, and commissions to them ; and that they 
may be stationed in Updike's Newtown, where they will be 
ready to march, completely equipped, to any part of the 
shore where the enemy may land ; and the premises being 
duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the petitioners, with such 
others as shall enlist with them, not exceeding sixty-four 
men, exclusive of commissioned officers, be incorporated 
into a separate and distinct military company, by the name 
of the Newtown Rangers, to be commanded by one captain, 
two lieutenants and one ensign. 

That they be entitled to the same privileges as have been 
heretofore granted by this Assembly to the North Provi- 
dence Rangers, and on the same conditions ; and that the 
secretary make out a fair copy of the act incorporating the 
said North Providence Rangers (mutatis mutandis), to be 
signed by His Honor the Governor, and affix the seal of 
the state, as a charter for the said company of Newtown 
Rangers. 

It is voted and resolved, that the first division of the 
second draft of the militia, and alarm and independent com- 
panies, heretofore drafted agreeably to the resolves of the 
Assembly, passed at their session in December and March 
last, be formed into companies, as are by said resolves di- 
rected ; and that they march to such part of the shores 
within their respective counties, as shall be directed by the 
commanding officer, on or before the 24th day of this cur- 
rent April, properly equipped, to relieve those that are now 



198 RECORDS OF THE STATE OE RHODE ISLAND [ApRIL, 

upon duty, and there to remain and do duty for fifteen days 
from the time they shall actually take the field. 

And it is further voted and resolved, for their encourage- 
ment to exert themselves in the defence of their country, 
that a bounty of ten shillings, lawful money, be allowed to 
each non-commissioned officer and soldier of the said first 
division of the second draft of the militia, and alarm and 
independent companies, who shall do his duty ; and that all 
fines which shall be incurred for delinquency, after deduct- 
ing the cost and fees for collecting the same, shall be 
equally divided among the non-commissioed officers and sol- 
diers doing duty, who belong to the same town witli the de- 
linquents who shall neglect to do duty. 

And it is farther voted and resolved, that in case of 
sickness and inability to do duty (which alone shall excuse 
any person), it shall be in the power of either of the field 
officers of the regiment of the district, to permit such a per- 
son to hire a man to do his tour of duty ; and if such sick 
and unable person shall be so extremely poor in the judg- 
ment of such field officer, as to be unable to hire a person 
in his stead, that such field officer be empowered to remit 
such poor person's fine. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the other divi- 
sions of the independent companies, alarm companies and 
militia, so drafted, as aforesaid, relieve said division, agreea- 
bly to said resolves ; and that they be entitled to the same 
wages and encouragement as are alloAved said division, and 
be subject to the same penalties. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that copies of these 
resolutions be immediately sent by express to the colonels 
of the militia and captains of independent companies. 

It is voted and resolved, that the lists of the male inhab- 
itants within this state, from sixteen years of age, and up- 
wards, that have been taken and returned to this Assembly, 
agreeably to a resolve passed at the last session, be bound 
together, and lodged in the secretary's office. 

It is voted and resolved, that for preventing unnecessary 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 199 

expense, when the militia and alarm men of this state, or 
any part thereof, are called out to serve in the pay of this 
state, or of the United States, no more commissioned and 
non-commissioned officers shall be entitled to pa}', than a 
proper number in proportion to the privates, that is to 
say : 

For every company, less than thirty-six privates, one 
commissioned officer, one sergeant and one corporal. 

For every company of more than thirty-six, and under 
fifty privates, two commissioned officers, two sergeants and 
two corporals. 

For every company of more than fifty, and under sixty- 
four privates, three commissioned officers, three sergeants 
three corporals ; one drummer and one fifer. 

For every company consisting of more than sixty-four 
privates, four commissioned officers, four sergeants, four cor- 
porals, one drummer and one fifer. 

For every battalion of five hundred or more privates, 
three field officers. 

For every battalion under five hundred, and not less than 
three hundred privates, a lieutenant colonel and a major. 

For any number of privates, above one hundred and fifty, 
and under three hundred, one lieutenant colonel or one 
major. 

For all regiments consisting of a number not more than 
one hundred and fifty privates, the eldest commissioned offi- 
cer present, shall take the command of the whole. 

That every officer on duty, shall be allowed the same pay 
that he is entitled to by his commission. 

That to each regiment, consisting of not less than three 
hundred privates, pay shall be allowed for one adjutant and 
one quartermaster. 

That any regiment consisting of less than three hundred 
privates, shall not be allowed either an adjutant or quarter- 
master, unless they be ordered, and shall actually march out 
of this state ; but the common duties of those officers shall 



200 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [APRIL, 

be performed, when within the state, by the sergeant-major 
and orderly sergeants. 

Provided, nevertheless, and it is further voted and re- 
solved, that the commanding officer of the Continental 
troops within this state, for the time being, have liberty to 
call into service all such field officers as he shall deem ne- 
cessary for the public service. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the several in- 
dependent companies within this state, when called out to 
service in the pay of this state, or of the United States, shall 
be allowed pay for the same number of officers in propor- 
tion to the number of privates, as are in the foregoing re- 
solve allowed to militia and alarm men. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that five hundred effective men 
be raised by the several towns within this state (excepting 
the towns of Newport, Portsmouth, New Shoreham and Mid- 
dletown) for filling the Continental battalions raising by 
this state, on or before the 10th day of May next; that 
they be proportioned to the several towns, according to the 
number of polls; and that Messrs. John Northup, John 
Brown, Nathaniel Mumford, Sylvester Child, Charles Hol- 
den and George Pierce, be a committee to proportion the 
same, to the respective towns in the following manner, that 
is to say : 

The whole number already enlisted, w r ho are proper in- 
habitants of, or that belong to, the respective towns to 
which said men are to be proportioned, be added to the 
number of five hundred ; and the proportion be formed 
upon that total, giving credit to each town for those already 
enlisted from such town. 

It is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that each 
town be empowered to give such a sum, over and above 
the bounties already allowed, as they can agree for, with 
the men enlisting, not exceeding the sum of £22, lawful 
money. 

That exact accounts be kept of the moneys which shall 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 201 

be expended by each town, as aforesaid, which shall be re- 
funded to them, out of the general treasury ; and that no 
further sum be given as a bounty by any town, either in 
behalf of the state, or at their own expense. f 

It is also enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the 
persons whose names are set down in the subsequent list, 
be appointed and empowered to receive, out of the gen- 
eral treasury, the several sums of money assigned to their 
names respectively, to advance the bounties allowed by 
Congress, and this state, to each soldier ordered to be raised 
by their respective towns, to wit : 

Karnes of Persons appointed by the General Assembly to advance 
the Bounties cdlowed to the Soldiers of the State. 

Amount. 

Mr. James Arnold, for the town of Providence £792 

Colonel Chad Brown, for the town of Glocester 1,628 

Brigadier General West, for the town of Scituate 2,024 

John Dexter, Esq., for the town of Cumberland 880 

Nehemiah Knight, Esq., for the town of Cranston 616 

Uriah Alverson, Esq., for the town of Smithfleld 968 

Captain Joseph Olney, for the town of North Providence 352 

Charles Holden, Esq., for the town of Warwick 1,584 

Thomas Tillinghast, Esq., for the town of East Greenwich 1,188 

George D}-er, Esq., for the town of West Greenwich 924 

Ephraim Westcott, Esq., for the town of Coventry 1,232 

Major Sylvester Gardner, for the town North Kingstown 836 

Immanuel Case, Esq., for the town of South Kingstown 1,100 

Lieutenant Colonel James Babcock, for the town of Westerly 528 

Joseph Hoxsie, Esq., for the town of Charlestown 484 

Thomas Wells, Esq., for the town of Hopkinton 968 

John Chapman, Esq., for the town of Exeter 1,056 

Edward Perry, Esq., for the town of Richmond 748 

Mr. Stephen Smith, for the town of Bristol 572 

Caleb Harris, Esq., for the town of Johnston 572 

Colonel Nathan Miller, for the town of Warren , 572 

Colonel Nathaniel Martin, for the town of Barrington 352 

Perez Richmond, Esq., for the town of Little Compton 792 

Benjamin Underwood, Esq., for the town of Jamestown 132 

Colonel John Cooke, for the town of Tiverton 1,100 

It is also further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
if any town shall advance the said bounties to any person 
enlisted by them, who shall not pass muster, the loss, there- 
of, shall be borne by such town. 

voi,. vm. 26 



202 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [APRIL, 

It is also further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
every person who shall be enlisted by any town, and lives 
in another town, shall be assigned to the town where he 
lives or belongs, as part of its proportion ; such town re- 
funding the sum paid to such enlisted person to the town 
which enlisted him. 

It is also further enacted by the authority aforesaid, 
that each town in this state, which shall be deficient in 
raising its proportion of men, as aforesaid, shall pay as 
a fine to, and for the use of, this state, £10, for every 
soldier they shall be deficient in ; to be recovered in any of 
the courts of record within this state, by the general treasu- 
rer, thereof. 

It is also further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
if according to the proportion so to be made, as aforesaid, it 
shall appear that any town in this state, shall have furnished 
more soldiers who were inhabitants of such town than shall 
be thereby reckoned to them, they shall be allowed, and 
have credit given to such town, therefor ; and upon enlist- 
ing the quota by this act assigned them, including those 
that have not been credited for, as aforesaid, they shall 
be excused from any fine to which they are liable by 
this act, for not raising the number reckoned to them, as 
aforesaid. 

It is also further enacted by the authority, aforesaid, that 
if in the said proportion, any town shall have credit given 
for more men, as inhabitants of such town, than they have 
actually furnished, such town shall be obliged to make up 
the number for which credit shall be erroneously given ; 
and in case of neglect, shall be subject to the fine and pen- 
alties by this act imposed. 

It is also farther enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the secretary be, and he is hereby, directed to transmit 
copies of this act, and also of the act proportioning the men 
assigned to the respective towns, to the several town clerks 
in this state, to which the men so to be enlisted, are pro- 
portioned, within four days after the rising of this Assembly ; 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 203 

and that the said town clerks, excepting the town clerk of 
Warren, shall within three days after the receipt thereof, 
issue their warrants for convening the inhabitants of their 
respective towns, for the purpose of carrying this act into 
execution. 

Whereas, Messrs. John Brown, Sylvester Child, Nathaniel 
Muinford and Thomas Holden, presented unto this Assem- 
bly, the following report, to wit : 

Report of the Committee appointed to determine the Quota of 
Soldiers to be enlisted by each Town in the State. 

We, the subscribers, being appointed to apportion to the several towns the number 
of soldiers yet remaining to be enlisted in the Continental battalions raising by this 
state, in order to make up the number, including those already enlisted, to one thou- 
sand men, do report : 

That we have made a calculation from the rolls, returned from the several towns, 
and after crediting each town with the number of soldiers belonging thereto, which 
appears by the returns to have been enlisted, do find the quota yet to be enlisted b} r 
each town, to be as foUoweth, to wit : 

Providence 18 Westerly 12 

Glocester 37 Charlestown 11 

Scituate .46 Hopkinton 22 

Cumberland 20 Exeter 24 

Cranston 14 Richmond 17 

Smithfield, 22 Johnston 13 

North Providence 8 Bristol 13 

Warwick 36 Warren . . 13 

East Greenwich 27 Barrington 8 

West Greenwich 21 Little Compton 18 

Coventry 28 Jamestown 3 

North Kingstown 19 Tiverton 25 

South Kingstown 25 

Captain Lewis's return not being made, we have drawn the proportions, without 
making any allowance to any town for what he hath enlisted. • 

JOHN BROWN, NATHANIEL MUMFORD, 

SYLVESTER CHILD, THOMAS HOLDEN. 

And the foregoing report, being duly considered, — 
It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
accepted; and that the number of soldiers be raised by 
each town according to its proportion therein assigned. 

It is voted and resolved, that the act of this Assembly for 
paying the members of the General Assembly, during their 



204 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [APRIL, 

attendance on the Assembly, be, and the same is hereby, 
repealed. 

It is voted and resolved, that William Potter and Daniel 
Rodman, Esqs., be empowered to let the lot of land in Point 
Judith, lately belonging to Mr. John Borland, deceased, on 
the best terms possible, to any person that has, or may 
subscribe the test. 

An Act in addition to an act, entitled " An act for the relief 
of persons of tender consciences ; and for preventing 
their being burthened with military duty." 
Whereas, the invasion of this, and the other United 
States of America, by a powerful enemy, occasions great 
distress, and very heavy burthen of expense, upon the in- 
habitants ; and whereas, many persons within this state, 
possessing property therein, have availed themselves of the 
act, aforesaid, and avoided contributing their equal and ne- 
cessary proportion for the defence of our rights, privileges 
and estates ; and from which they do, and will, derive, in all 
respects, equal benefit and protection with other subjects of 
this state, not exempted from personal military service ; to 
prevent which, and that they shall in future bear their equal 
proportion thereof, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that the captains of the several 
companies of militia and alarm men, in each regiment, shall 
make return to their respective colonels, or other command- 
ing field officer, of all persons within the district of their 
said companies who have taken the affirmation, or produced 
certificates from the meeting of Friends, from time to time, 
upon any draft being ordered to be made from their said 
companies ; which colonel, or other commanding field offi- 
cer, shall cause them to be drafted in like manner, and in 
proportion to their numbers, as those of the several compa- 
nies, aforesaid, shall be ordered to be draughted. 

And the said colonel, or other commanding field officer, 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 205 

shall, immediately after such draft, give in a list of all the 
persons, so drawn in each town, to the town council of such 
town ; and thereupon, such town council shall depute and 
appoint one of their members immediately to hire so many 
able bodied men as shall equal the number returned, as 
aforesaid, and for the same term of time as the persons, 
aforesaid, shall be drafted, upon the best terms he can, at 
the expense of the persons within their respective towns, so 
drafted, as aforesaid ; each person so drafted, to pay the ex- 
pense of hiring a person in his room ; which members so 
deputed, shall make immediate return of the persons so 
hired, to the colonel, or other commanding field officer of 
the regiment to which they respectively belong ; and shall, 
within two days after such return, give notice, thereof, to 
the persons within their respective towns, on whose behalf 
they shall so hire them, and of the sums they shall have ad- 
vanced therefor, as aforesaid, and request them to pay the 
same. 

And upon their refusal or neglect, for the space of five 
days, to pay the same, the town council of the town where- 
in the persons so refusing to pay, reside, and upon notice 
thereof, from their member, deputed, as aforesaid, is hereby 
empowered and directed to issue a warrant of distress, 
signed by their clerk, and directed to the town sergeant, or 
any of the constables, of the same town, to seize and distrain 
so much of the goods and chattels of the person or persons 
refusing or neglecting, as aforesaid, and living in, or belong- 
ing to, the same town, as shall be sufficient to pay the sum 
advanced to hire persons in their behalf, as aforesaid, and 
all lawful costs and fees ; which warrant shall be returnable 
into the town clerk's office of the same town, within thirty 
days after the date thereof. 

And the goods and chattels, seized and distrained, as 
aforesaid, shall be sold at public vendue, in the same man- 
ner as they are ordered by law to be sold, to satisfy military 
fines and forfeitures ; and if any overplus moneys, arising 
from the sales of such goods and chattels, as aforesaid, after 



206 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [APRIL, 

deducting all lawful demands, shall remain in his hands, 
he shall lodge the same with the said town clerk, at 
the time he shall return his warrant, as aforesaid, to and for 
the use of the person from whom such goods and chattels 
shall be distrained. 

And it is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
in case any person drafted, as aforesaid, shall be under the 
age of twenty-one years, and shall not have sufficient goods 
and chattels in his possession, whereupon to levy the said 
warrant, the officer to whom the same shall be directed, be, 
and hereby is, empowered to levy the same upon the goods 
and chattels of the parent or guardian of such delinquent 
minor, and therewith satisfy and pay all charge of hiring a 
person in the room of such minor, and all lawful costs and 
charges on that account. 

And it is further enacted by the authority, aforesaid, that 
for each person hired, as aforesaid, the person hiring him, 
shall be allowed six shillings, to be deducted out of the 
moneys arising from the sales of the goods and chattels of 
the person in whose stead he shall be hired, to be taxed 
upon the warrant, with the fees of the clerk, who shall have 
one shilling for each warrant by him granted ; and the offi- 
cer making the distraint, as aforesaid, shall be allowed ten 
per cent, upon the amount of the hire of each person, and 
upon the lawful costs, for trouble and his fees in collecting 
the same. 

And it is further enacted by the authority, aforesaid, that 
every officer, whether civil or military, Avho shall refuse or 
neglect to comply with the duties required of him by this 
act, shall, upon proof and conviction thereof, forfeit and pay 
for each offence, £20 ; to be recovered by bill, plaint or in- 
formation, in any court of record, within this state, together 
with all costs of prosecution and conviction ; one-half of 
which shall be paid to the prosecutor, -and the other half 
into the general treasury, to, and for, the use of this state, 

Provided always, and it is further enacted by the au- 
thority aforesaid, that this act shall not extend to times of 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 207 

general alarm, when the whole military force of this state 
shall be ordered upon duty together, and at the same time ; 
but operate only when detachments or parts of each respec- 
tive company, as aforesaid, shall be ordered to be drafted 
out or detached for actual service. 

And it is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
this act shall take place, and be in force within ten days ; 
and that the secretary send printed copies, thereof, to each 
colonel or commanding field officer of the several regi- 
ments of militia in this state, to the several captains of the 
companies of the militia and alarm men, and to the several 
town clerks within this state, within six days from the rising 
of this Assembly. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, made 
choice of the following officers, viz. : 

James Williams, captain, in Colonel Angell's battalion, in 
the room of Captain Ephraim Bowen, who declines. 

Samuel Hicks, first lieutenant, in Capt. Thomas Arnold's 
company, in Colonel Greene's battalion. 

It is voted and resolved, that the colonels of the Conti- 
nental battalions forthwith make a return of the names of 
the men enlisted into their respective battalions, and of the 
places of their nativity and residence, at the time of their 
enlisting, to the council of war ; and that the said colonels, 
and the several town clerks within this state, be immedi- 
ately furnished with a copy, hereof. 

Whereas, a petition was preferred to the last session of 
this Assembly, by Mr. William Hull, requesting to be dis- 
charged from a certain bond, in which he became bound for 
Mr. Jonathan Haszarcl, paymaster to one of the Continental 
battalions, ordered to be raised within this state, for reasons 
in said petition set forth ; and whereas, the said Jonathan 
Haszard hath represented to this Assembly, that he con- 
ceives himself injured by said petition ; as the same con- 
tains a misrepresentation of facts, and hath prayed this As- 
sembly, that the same may be inquired into ; and that for 
that purpose, the said William Hull may be cited to ap- 



208 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [ APRIL, 

pear at the next session of this Assembly, to answer to such 
questions as may be then proposed to him, respecting the 
same, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the said William 
be cited to attend at the next session of this Assembly, to 
be held at Providence, on the first Wednesday of May next, 
agreeably to the request of the said Jonathan ; and that the 
said William be furnished by the secretary, with a copy of 
this resolve. 

It is voted and resolved, that nine shillings, lawful money, 
be allowed in future to each of the members of the council 
of war, who do not reside within the town of Providence ; 
and six shillings, to each of the members of said council, 
who reside within the town of Providence, for each day's at- 
tendance on said council ; any resolve to the contrary, 
hereof, notwithstanding. 

It is voted and resolved, that the troop be allowed for 
themselves, for their service from time to time, the same 
Avages as the militia received, who were on duty at the 
same time ; that they be allowed two shillings, per day, 
each, for their horses ; that they make out their abstracts, 
accordingly ; and that the same be paid by either of the 
committee of safety, in the county of Providence. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. John Brown, Jona- 
than Arnold and Daniel Cahoon, Esqs., be a committee, 
they, or any two of them, to draft a letter to the marine 
committee of the Continental Congress, in answer to their 
letter to the council of Avar, of this state, dated the -5th day 
of April current, informing them of the present situation of 
this state, so far as respects their requisition ; the condition 
and situation of the Continental naval department in this 
state ; and hoAV far their requisition has been complied 
Avith ; and likewise, Iioav far this state hath advised and ex- 
erted itself in getting the Continental frigates out of this 
state. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John BroAvn be ap- 
pointed to Avait on the council of the state of Massachusetts 



1777.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



209 



Bay, with the letter received from the marine committee of 
Congress, to this state ; and that he advise with them re- 
specting the best methods of complying with the requisi- 
tion of said committee, and request they will assist us with 
men, for that purpose ; and if the said John Brown shall 
obtain the request, in that case the council of war of this 
state, are fully empowered and requested to exert every 
method in their power, to effect the intention of the said 
marine committee. 

It is voted and resolved, that the persons hereafter 
named, be, and they are hereby, appointed to procure, on 
the best terms, six blankets each, within their respective 
towns, for the use of the Continental troops now under in- 
oculation, in the county of Kent, to wit : 

Committee appointed by the General Assembly to procure Blankets 
for the Soldiers. 



For Providence - 

" Johnston 

" Smithfield - 

" Glocester 

" Scituate 

" Cranston 

" Cumberland 

" North Providence 

" Warwick - 

; * Coventry 

" East Greenwich - 

" West Greenwich 

" South Kingstown 

" North Kingstown 

" Westerly - 

" Charlestown - 

« Exeter 

" Hopkinton 

" Richmond - 

rOL. vm. 27 



Daniel Tillinghast, Esq., 
Caleb Harris, Esq., 
Capt. Andrew Waterman, 
Richard Steer, Esq., 
William West, Esq., 
Nehemiah Knight, Esq., 
Elisha Waterman, Esq., 
Joseph Olney, Esq., 
Charles Holden, Esq., 
Ephraini Westcott, Esq., 
Stephen Mumford, Esq., 
Mr. Samuel Hopkins, Jr., 
Immanuel Case, Esq., 
Major Sylvester Gardner, 
Colonel Joseph Noyes, 
Mr. James Congdon, 3d, 
George Pearce, Esq., 
Thomas Wells, Esq., 
Mr. Simeon Clarke. Jr. 



210 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [APRIL, 

And it is further voted and resolved, that they deliver 
said blankets, and present their accounts for the same, to 
either of the committees of safety in the counties of Provi- 
dence, Kings and Kent, within three days from the rising 
of this Assembly ; and the said committee of safety are di- 
rected to discharge said accounts, and forward said blankets 
to the hospitals in which said troops are inoculated. 

It is voted and resolved, that the company of Newtown 
Rangers forthwith embody themselves into a company, 
agreeably to a resolve of this Assembly, and immediately 
take the field, and do duty with the militia. 

Voted and resolved, that the following accounts be paid 
out of the general treasury, viz. : 

Bills Ordered to be Paid. 

£ s. d. 

Azariah Crandall, for a gun, bayonet and cartouch box, delivered into the 

Continental store 3 12 00 

Timothy Larkin, a sick soldier, on duty in this state, for sundry visits 

and medicines administered to him during his sickness 1 01 00 

Benjamin West, for his expenses in taking up Jacob Parker, a deserter, 
and delivering him to Oliver Clarke, captain in one of the Continental 
battalions 1 04 00 

William Johnston, a negro, who came from Rhode Island, and brought off 

a cedar boat 4 10 00 

Henry Reynolds, for his horse-hire, &c, in going to Mr. Lodowick Up- 
dike's, on public business, by order of the General Assembly 10 00 

John Davis, for making ninety-three tents ; and for thirty -one pounds of 

twine 62 00 00 

John Jenckes, for the board of a negro man, that formerly belonged to 
George Rome ; and for a pair of shoes, and tow-cloth, for a shirt, by 
him provided for said negro man 9 09 03 

Stephen Harding, for the use of his horse, by General Malmedy, in view- 
ing the shores at Bristol Ferry, &c 1 04 00 

Oliver Eddy, for a small arm, delivered by him into the store at Prospect 

Hill, for the use of the Continent 3 12 00 

Edward Perry, president of the town council of Richmond, for a number 
of guns, bayonets, cartridge-boxes, blankets and knapsacks, by them 
furnished for the use of the troops raised as the quota of that town. . . 60 15 00 

Paul Allen, as agent for the privateer sloop Independence, for sundry 
cannon and warlike stores, taken out of the prize-ship Friendship, for 
the use of the state 803 06 07& 

John Larkin, for taking possession of a horse belonging to one Jacob 
Parker, a soldier, who deserted the service of this state, and selling 
the same at public vendue 6 08 06i 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 211 

£ s. d. 

Jacob Greene and David Howell, for their time and expenses in going to 
Baltimore, in the state of Maryland, to receive the money due to 
this state, from the Continental treasury 99 04 02^ 

William Potter, for half a cord of wood, by him provided for the use of 
tlie General Assembly, at their session in South Kingstown, in March 
last 09 00 

Ebenezer Tefft, for sweeping and cleaning the state house, in Kings 
county ; cutting and carrying in wood, and for his attendance on this 
Assembly, at the present session 1 06 00 

Solomon Tefft, for his attendance on the General Assembly, at the present 

session 17 06 

Charles Holden, Jr., for his time and expenses in going to Little Rest, 

Warwick, and to the Jerseys, as a committee-man, on public business, 38 03 00 

John Lassell, for keeping two horses, belonging to the government 19 10 00 

Silas Downer, for fourteen days' attendance on the council of war, as their 

clerk 8 08 00 

William Channing, for his expenses in attending on the General Assem- 
bly, at the last session, as assistant clerk of the lower house 3 14 00 

Josias Lyndon, for his expenses and attendance on the General Assembly, 

at the last session, as clerk of the lower house * 3 09 11 

John Carter, for printing the acts of the General Assembly, at the March 
session, 1776 ; for printing several acts of the General Assembly, re- 
solves of the council of war, and advertisements in the Providence Ga- 
zette ; for postage on a number of letters on public service, and divers 
other services 59 02 03 

God save the United States of America. 

General Greene to the Governor of Rhode Island. 



Dear Sir : — I am honored with your favor of the 9th of February last, by which I 
find my letter of the 23d of January had been laid before the House of Assembly. 

I did not write it for public inspection ; I wrote in the style and freedom of one 
friend to another. Had I conceived the production was for public inspection, I should 
have been more discriminate in my observations ; I wrote to you, sir, as a magistrate 
of the state of Rhode Island, and as an inhabitant of the town of Providence. My 
letter being considered under those two characters, will speak my intentions and 
sentiments. 

I am exceeding happy on the receipt of yours, to find my information erroneous, and 
my apprehensions and fears in a great degree groundless respecting your departure 
from the union, and general plan. 

At the time I wrote, upwards of two months had elapsed without receiving a single 
line from any person in the state ; various reports were circulating here to the preju- 
dice of the policy of New England, the enormous bounty that was given, the effect it 
would have upon the other states, the resolutions of your government to raise men for 
its own internal defence, neglecting the Continental regiments, were circumstances not 
a little alarming to His Excellency. These reports were confirmed by Lieut. Allen, of 
Providence, who arrived from that place, much about the same time ; he must have 
been totally ignorant of the conditions upon which the troops were raising ; for, I con- 
ceived them to be for the safety of the state only ; and never knew but that they were 
located, until the receipt of your letter. 



212 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAM) [APRIL, 

I hope the house will pardon the freedom with which I delivered my sentiments, 
when I assure them that it was from a full persuasion that the reports were true ; and 
that the measure was calculated to fix a lasting disgrace upon the legislators. I have 
felt no small share of unhappiness in remaining so long ignorant of the true history of 
your proceedings ; for notwithstanding I am not answerable for any misconduct in 
legislation, I cnnnot help feeling myself wounded, when anything transpires* to the 
prejudice of the state; and you may rest assured, sir, the language of my letter was a 
true transcript of people's sentiments and opinions, respecting your political transac- 
tions. If the love for my native place, and zeal for the cause, hath led me to a too 
hasty animadversion upon [your] administration, it hath arisen from a strong desire to 
correct the evil before it was rendered incurable. 

I can assure you, sir, there are few persons that feel more sensibly for your state, 
than myself ; and none that will go farther to serve it. But if you consider the critical 
situation of the American affairs, the importance of adhering to the general plan, the 
short time we had to prepare for the ensuing campaign, the fatal consequences that 
might result from an unreasonable delay, to myself, the army, and to the cause in 
general, you cannot be surprised to find my fears and apprehensions alarmed at the 
disagreeable situation tilings were reported to be in. 

I was sensible, sir, of your distress ; I felt for the inhabitants ; the calamities the peo- 
ple suffered here, was a lively picture of what you had to expect there. Had I known 
the governmental regiments differed from the Continental only in point of time, I 
should have been silent upon the occasion ; notwithstanding the policy does not cor- 
respond with my sentiments. If the enemy had intended to penetrate into the 
country immediately on their arrival, no new levies could have been raised sea- 
sonably ; if they did not, then the Continental regiments might have been as easily 
completed as any others. 

I feel a singular pleasure in hearing His Excellency General Washington continues 
in such high estimation among you. The strictures that were made on the General's 
conduct, by some of the inhabitants of Providence, gave me great uneasiness ; if a 
character so important, so truly worthy, is not shielded from calumny and reproach, 
what have lesser ones to expect ? 

Lieutenant Allen is the author, and from the character he bears, I make no doubt 
of its truth ; but had I conceived my letter was for the inspection of the General As- 
sembly, I should not have troubled the house with such out-of-door politics. 

I receive with peculiar attention your congratulation, and hearty wishes for the suc- 
cess of the American arms. I hope, if Heaven continues to smile upon us, and the 
respective states furnish their proportion of men, to exterminate from this land of 
liberty, those hostile invaders of human happiness and the rights of mankind. 
Believe me to be, sir, with sentiments of regard, 

Your most obedient and very humble servant, 

N. GREENE. 

To the Honorable Nicholas Cooke, Esq. 



Gen. Washington to the Governor of Rhode Island. 



Morristown, 3d April, 1777. 
Sir : — The late ample arrivals of arms at Philadelphia and at Portsmouth, added to 
those we before had, puts me out of all further uneasiness on account of that neces- 
sary article. The eleven hundred and seventy-six stands, which you received from 
the Continental agent at Boston, will be very near the number wanted for your 
two Continental battalions, when complete ; and I desire that they may be carefully 



1777.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 213 



collected from the militia, to whom any part of them were lent, and applied to that 
purpose. 

The effects of granting extravagant bounties, and of raising bodies of men upon colo" 
nial establishments, now appear, from the returns of the low state of your Continental 
battalions. 

From the first cause, the men are taught to set a price upon themselves, and refuse 
to turn out, except that price be paid ; and I am informed in some instances, in Massa- 
chusetts, .£1CX), lawful money, per man, have been paid. It is also evident, that the 
raising of the colonial brigade for fifteen months, retards the Continental enlistments ; 
for General Spencer, in a letter of the 'JGtli of March, writes to me, that the first has 
five hundred men, and the last but three hundred and eighty; about half of whom, 
have had the small pox ; and he adds, that General Varnum was only then preparing 
hospitals for the inoculation of the remainder. Strange that this should have been 
neglected so long, when my orders were given to him on the 3d of March, to provide 
quarters, and to inoculate immediately. 

You certainly overrate the number of men upon Rhode Island, if they consist of 
only six Hessian and two British regiments. The Hessian regiments, when they came 
out complete, did not exceed six hundred men each ; and the British, two hundred and 
fifty each. Now, if they have decreased by casualties in proportion to the other troops 
in the British army, they are scarcely more than three thousand ; a number too small 
to make any attempt upon the main. I am convinced, from every appearance, that 
they intend to leave Rhode Island, where they have wintered comfortably, and kept 
up a considerable diversion, and join their main body in this state. How I am to op- 
pose them, God knows ; for, excepting a few hundred from Jersey, Pennsylvania and 
Virginia, I have not yet received a man of the new Continental levies. So far, there- 
fore, from being able to consent that your Continental battalions should remain at 
home, supposing the enemy should continue upon the island, that I am obliged, in the 
most positive terms, to order every man, who has had the small pox, to come immedi- 
ately forward ; and those who have not, so soon as they are recovered. I have written 
to General Varnum, to the same effect. 

As it is my duty to afford equal protection to every part of the continent, you may 
be assured, if I thought there was any real danger to be apprehended from the enemy 
at Rhode Island, that, instead of drawing the Continental troops from that quarter, I 
would add to their numbers. But, when there is every probability of their coming 
away, and, supposing they should stay, as the internal strength of the country would 
hinder them from setting foot upon the main, I think I am excusable in drawing every 
man in the Continental service (excepting those intended for the northern depart- 
ment), to this point, to make opposition to the grand army of the enemy, who, unless 
they are checked, will, in turn, overrun every state in the Union. 

As the safety of the whole confederacy depends upon each state's furnishing the 
quota of men allotted to it, I must call upon you in the most pressing manner, to endea- 
vor to complete your allotment by the usual methods ; but. if your men will not turn 
out voluntarily, notwithstanding the great encouragement given by the state, I beg 
you will, if your powers are adequate, insist upon each district's furnishing a certain 
number, as they have done in Massachusetts. If neither of these modes can be fallen 
upon, to good effect, we may as well give up the cause. 

I have the honor to be, &c, 

GEO. WASHINGTON. 

To Governor Cooke, Rhode Island. 



214 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [APRIL. 



The Marine Committee of Congress, to the Council of War of the 
State of Rhode Island. 



Philadelphia, April 5th, 1777. 
Gentlemen : — We have ordered the frigates in the state of Rhode Island, &c., out on 
a cruise ; and as it seems they are not fully manned, we earnestly request your assist- 
ance, that they may be manned with the utmost expedition. 

It they cannot be fully and expeditiously manned in your state, we desire that you 
would order drafts to be made from the militia, of men best acquainted with the sea, to 
assist in carrying them to Boston, where they may avoid a blockade, and procure sea- 
men. Such of the soldiers who may be put on board the frigates, to be discharged, 
that they may return and join their respective companies, as may not choose to enlist 
in the sea service. 

We have addressed ourselves to you, gentlemen, on a supposition that you are in- 
vested with powers sufficient to enable you to comply with our request, if it should be 
necessary to draught from the militia ; and that the General Assembly may not be 
sitting, when this reaches you. If the Assembly should be sitting, when you receive 
this, and you are incompetent to the business, please to lay this letter before them ; 
otherwise, we hope that you will execute it ; for, by doing it, you will render an es- 
sential service to the common cause, and greatly oblige — 

Gentlemen, your most obedient, humble servants, 
ROB'T MORRIS, JOHN HANCOCK, 

ABRA. CLARK, WM. WHIPPLE, 

THOS. BURKE, RICHARD HENRY LEE, 

WILLIAM ELLERY. 



General Spencer to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Providence, 7th April, 1777. 

Sir > — As I think this part of the country is in great danger of being soon ravaged 
by the enemy (the army here being so very weak), I therefore imagine myself bound 
in duty to make this further application to your state for immediate succor. 

The Continental troops of this state are positively ordered to the westward, by Gen. 
Washington ; they will all march to-morrow, except those ordered to the hospital, to 
take the small pox. The whole troops now in this army, by the returns, does not exceed 
fourteen hundred men, and they are necessarily very much scattered. The enemy at 
Rhode Island are without doubt four thousand strong. This is confirmed fully by the 
intelligence we have, it would be too troublesome to relate the particular evidence. 

The report in a late Providence papers, that the enemy at Rhode Island amounted 
to but twenty-two hundred, ought never to have had any credit given to it; and it 
never had, by any gentlemen who were fully acquainted with the general intelligence 
from Rhode Island; that information was given byoneLawton, whocame off from the 
island, who has since been strongly suspected of inimical designs, and was accordingly 
confined ; and since his confinement has confessed that he came off at the desire of the 
enemy. 

By the late accounts we have, the enemy have determined on making a descent on 
the main very soon, to get fresh provisions ; but how that may be, I cannot say. But 
it is very certain, that the neglect of the several states to keep a proper army up in 



1777.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 215 



these parts, to prevent their excursions, is extremely dangerous to the country, and af- 
fords a very great temptation to the enemy to lay some parts of the country waste. 

I hope, sir, from these representations, which Your Honor may depend upon, your 
state will send with the utmost dispatch some assistance to this army. 

I am, &c, JOS. SPENCER. 

To Governor Cooke. 

The Governor of Rhode Island to Gen. Washington. 

Providence, April 14th, 1777. 

Sir : — Your Excellency's favors of the 14th ult. and 3d instant, are now before me. 
In pursuance of your recommendation, Mr. Hutchinson and Governor Shirley's son 
are permitted to go to Rhode Island. I have made inquiry after the mulatto lad 
Thomas Kogesson, but can as yet gain no account that is perfectly satisfactory. I be- 
lieve he was brought into this place, and very soon after sailed for , under the 

care of Captain . Thus far it may be relied upon, that he never was sold, or 

treated as a slave. 

Captain William Chace, who commanded the privateer that took Mr. Hutchinson 
and Master Shirley, had the great misfortune of having his son, Mr. John Chace, who 
was master of the sloop , captivated by the Mercury, and carried into Hali- 
fax, in irons, about a year ago, where he was cruelly treated ; of which Captain Chace 
had intelligence before he sailed upon his craise. 

When he took the prize in which Mr. Hutchinson and Master Shirley were passen- 
gers, he carried them on board his privateer, with the sole view of making them in- 
strumental in procuring the release of his son, who is still a prisoner, and it is thought 
on board the Mercury. I have now to request Your Excellency to apply to Lord 
Howe, to give immediate orders for Capt. Chace's discharge. Allow me to beg the 
favor of a particular attention to this matter, and that you will inform me of 
the application and its success, which will give great satisfaction to a respectable 
family. 

Injustice to General Varnum, I think myself obliged to inform Your Excellency, 
that when j-our orders arrived for inoculating our two Continental battalions, we had 
an expedition on foot to Rhode Island, which was to have been made in two or three 
days ; and it was thought absolutely necessary by General Spencer and the council of 
war here, that those troops should be made use of in that attempt. When it was 
given up, the greatest part of the militia from Connecticut and the Massachusetts, 
whose time was expired, returned home, and left our shores so naked, that we could 
scarcely keep up the necessary guards to prevent the enemy from having a free com- 
munication with the main land. This again obliged us to make use of our two Conti- 
nental battalions for immediate security. 

When I wrote you on the 18th ult., that the enemy upon Rhode Island consisted of 
six Hessian and two British regiments, I was led into that mistake by a man who pre- 
tended to have made his escape from Rhode Island, but hath since confessed that he 
was sent off by the enemy. However, the accounts we have from several intelligent 
and observant people, agree that their number amounts to full four thousand. 

The General Assembly at the last session ordered exact returns to be made of all 
the men in the several districts in the state, able to bear arms ; and will meet on the 
16th instant, to take the most effectual methods for completing our Continental 
battalions. I am, sir, Your Excellency's most obedient, humble servant, 

NICHOLAS COOKE. 

To His Excellency General Washington, 



216 RECORDS OF THE STATE OP RHODE ISLAND [APRIL, 



The Governor of Rhode Island to Gen. Greene. 

Providence, April 15th, 1777. 
Dear Sir : — I am favored with yours of the 6th ultimo. I am extremely sorry that 
the groundless misrepresentations of the sentiments and public discourse of the people 
here, hath had so great weight with you. 

The Council thought it their duty to send for, and examine Mr. Allen. He tells us 
that he informed you that he had heard nothing to the prejudice of the generals from 
any persons of note, in this place ; but only mentioned to you some idle talk of Mr. 
Man, and some other persons, of much less consequence. 

The Council were convinced that he might have given you very different intelli- 
gence, from the representation he made to us of it. Upon the whole, I beg you to rest 
assured, that General Washington and yourself are at present very high in the estima- 
tion of all respectable people in this state. 

I am, with sentiments of esteem and regard, dear sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

NICHOLAS COOKE. 
To the Honorable Major General Greene. 

John Hancock, President of the Continental Congress, to the General 
Assembly of Rhode Island. 

Philadelphia, April lGth, 1777. 
Gentlemen : — The enclosed resolves of Congress, I am commanded to transmit to- 
you, and most earnestly to call upon you to exert yourselves to carry the same into 
execution. 

In the present situation of the British army, it is much to be wished that an attack 
could be made upon the enemy in )"our state, which, whatever success may attend it, 
would at least cause a diversion of their forces in New Jersey, if it could be speedily 
undertaken. 

Agreeably to the enclosed resolves, I have written to the states of Massachusetts 
Bay and Connecticut, to afford you all the assistance in their power, in executing this 
important service. I have the honor to be, gentlemen, 

Your most obedient, and very humble servant, 

JOHN HANCOCK, President. 
To the Honorable the Assembly of the state of Rhode Island. 



Resolves of the Continental Congress relative to a proposed attack 
on the British forces stationed upon the Island of Rhode Island. 

In Congress, April 16th, 1777. 

Resolved, that it be recommended to the General Assembly of the state of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, to collect with the utmost dispatch the whole force 
thereof; and therewith, aided by such parts of the militia of Massachusetts Bay and 
Connecticut, as are contiguous to the said state, to attack and destroy the enemy on 
the island of Rhode Island, aforesaid. 

Resolved, that it be, and hereby it is, recommended to the states of Massachusetts 
Bay and Connecticut to give eyery assistance in their power, by calling out the militia 



1777.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 217 



of their respective towns, which lie next to the state of Rhode Island, &c, and to pro- 
mote and execute this most important service. 

Resolved, that General Washington be directed to appoint such general officers as 
he shall judge proper to carry the foregoing resolutions into effect. 

Resolved, that a copy of the foregoing resolutions be sent by express to General 
Washington and the three New England states. 

By order of Congress : JOHN HANCOCK, President. 

[circular.] 
The enclosed printed resolves of Congress, I am commanded to transmit, and to 
entreat your compliance therewith, as far as they rospect your state. They are so 
very explicit, and at the same time so very important, that I need not enlarge. 

Give me leave just to observe, that upon their faithful execution at this critical 
period, the liberty and happiness of our country absolutely depend. 

I have the honor to be your most humble servant, 

JOHN HANCOCK, President. 
To the Hon. Assembly of Rhode Island. 

The Governor of Rhode Island to the Speaker of the General As- 
sembly of Massachusetts. 

South Kingstown, April 20th, 1777. 

Sir : — The embargo laid upon privateering, in the respective New England states, 
originated from the necessity of immediately completing the Continental battalions, 
This state, invariably adhering to that measure, expected to derive the benefits result- 
ing from it. Nevertheless, a very considerable number of their inhabitants have lately 
entered on board armed vessels in your state, which are either private property, or 
that belonging to the state. We are therefore extremeh- unhappy in laying under so 
great a disadvantage, without deriving a single benefit. 

The Continental Congress have wisely ordered the respective states not to recruit 
from each other. For the same reason, I am requested by the General Assembly of 
this state, to desire your state to take immediate and effectual measures for remanding 
those men who have alreadj' entered on board the vessels before mentioned, and to 
prevent such practice in future. I am, sir, your very obedient servant, 

NICHOLAS COOKE, 

To the Speaker of Massachusetts State. 
vol. vni. 28 



218 



RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND 



[May, 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for ihe State of Rhode 
Island and, Providence Plantations, at Providenee, on the first 
Wednesday in May, 1777. 

The following named officers, declared elected, were duly 
engaged : 

The Hon. Nicholas Cooke, Governor. 

The Hon. William Bradford, Deputy Governor. 



ASSISTANTS. 



John Collins, Esq., 
John Tanner, Esq., 
Ambrose Page, Esq., 
John Sayles, Jr., Esq., 
Daniel Cahoon, Esq., 



James Arnold, Jr., Esq. 
Josiah Arnold, Esq., 
Peter Phillips, Esq., 
William Potter, Esq,, 
Pardon Grey, Esq. 



DEPF 

Newport, 
Henry Ward, Esq., 
Col. Joseph Belcher, 
Christopher Ellery, Esq., 
Mr. Caleb Gardner, 
Mr. Thomas Rumreill, 
Mr, William Borden. 

Providence. 
Jonathan Arnold, Esq., 
Mr. John Brown, 
Mr. John Smith, 
Mr. William Rhodes. 

Portsmouth. 
Capt. David Gifford, 



rips, 

Warwick. 
Mr. James Rhodes, 
Mr. Benjamin Arnold. J 
Mr. Thomas Rice, Jr. 

Westerly. 
Mr. Thomas Ross, 
James Babcock, Esq. 
North Kingstown. 
John Xorthup, Esq., 
Sylvester Gardner, Esq. 

South Kinc/stoam. 
Immanuel Case, Esq,, 
Mr. Enoch Haszard, 



1777.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



219 



DEPU 
East Greenwich. 
Job Comstock, Esq., 
Rufus Spencer, Esq. 

Jamestown. 
Capt. Samuel Carr, 
Benjamin Underwood J]sq. 

Smithfield. 
Samuel Winsor, Esq. 

Scituate. 
Job Randall, Esq., 
Timothy Hopkins, Esq. 

Glocester. 
Mr. John Smith, Jr., 
Mr. Stephen Winsor. 

Charlestoivn. 
Col. Gideon Hoxsie, 
Mr. Robert Congdon. 

West Greenwich. 
Benjamin Tillinghast, Esq.. 
Mr. Elisha Greene. 

Coventry. 
Ephraim Westeott, Esq., 
Mr. John Greene. 

Exeter. 
John Chapman. Esq.. 
Daniel Sunderland, Esq. 

Bristol 
Nathaniel Fales. Esq.. 
Mr. Stephen Smith. 



TIES. 

Tiverton. 
Mr. Isaac Manchester, 
William Cooke, Esq. 
Little Compton. 
Nathaniel Searle, Jr., Esq. 

Warren. 
Mr. Cromel Child, 
Col. Sylvester Child. 

Cumberland. 
Thomas Angell. Esq.. 
Col. George Peck. 
Richmond. 
Major Richard Bailey* 
Mr. Joseph Woodmansie, Jr. 

Oranstoii. 
Col. Christopher Lippitt. 
Mr. Nehemiah Rhodes. 

Hopkinton. 
Thomas Wells, Esq., 
Mr. Edward Wells. 

Johnston. 
Mr. Noah Mathewson, 
Mr. Ebenezer Sprague. 

North Providence. 
Joseph Olney, Esq., 
Esek Hopkins, Esq. 

Barrington. 
Paul Mumford, Esq., 
Peleg Heath, Esq. 



The Hon. William Greene, speaker ; Josias Lyndon, clerk. 

Henry Ward, Esq., secretary. 

William Channing, Esq., attorney general. 

Joseph Clarke, Esq., general treasurer. 



220 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [May. 



DELEGATES TO REPRESENT THE STATE IN CONGRESS, 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Esq., 
The Hon. William Ellery, Esq., 
The Hon. Henry Marchant, Esq. 

JUSTICES OF THE SUPERIOR COURT. 

William Greene, Esq., chief; Shearjashub Bourn, Esq., 
second ; Jabez Bowen, Esq., third ; Thomas Wells, Esq., 
fourth ; and Perez Richmond, Esq., fifth. 

JUSTICES OF THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS, FOR NEWPORT COUNTY. 

Benjamin Underwood, Esq., chief justice of the inferior 
court of common pleas, and general sessions of the peace, 
within and for the county of Newport ; Christopher Ellery, 
Esq., second ; John Coddington, Esq., third ; Walter Cooke, 
Esq., fourth ; Philip Taylor, Esq., fifth. 

JUSTICES OF THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS, FOR PROVIDENCE COUNTY. 

Thomas Greene, Esq., chief; Richard Steere, Esq., second ; 
Rufus Hopkins, Esq., third ; Jeremiah Whipple, Esq., fourth ; 
and Daniel Mowry, Jr., Esq., fifth. 

JUSTICES OF THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS, FOR KINGS COUNTY. 

William Potter, Esq., chief; John Northup, Esq., second; 
Carder Hazard, Esq., third ; Joseph Hoxsie, Esq., fourth ; 
and Immanuel Case, Esq., fifth. 

JUSTICES OF THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS, FOR BRISTOL COUNTY. 

Nathaniel Fales, Esq., chief; John Child, Esq., second; 
Joseph Reynolds, Esq., third ; Josiah Humphreys, Esq.? 
fourth ; and Paul Mumford, Esq., fifth. 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 221 



JUSTICES OF THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS, FOR KENT COUNTY. 

Philip Greene, Esq., chief; James Arnold, Jr., Esq., sec- 
ond ; Gideon Muinford, Esq., third ; John Low, Esq., fourth ; 
Benjamin Tillinghast, Esq., fifth. 

JUDGE OF THE COURT OF ADMIRALTY. 

John Foster, Esq., judge of the court erected for the trial 
of maritime causes, in and throughout the state. 

SHERIFFS OF THE SEVERAL COUNTIES. 

Newport county. Bristol county. 

Jabez Champlin, Esq. Richard Smith, Esq. 

Providence county. Kent county. 

Theodore Foster, Esq. John Reynolds, Esq. 

Kings county. 
Beriah Brown, Esq. 

FIELD OFFICERS FOR THE STATE, IN THE SEVERAL COUNTIES. 

Jabez Bowen, Esq., colonel of the first regiment of militia, 
in the county of Providence. ' 

Nathan Miller, Esq., colonel of the regiment of militia, in 
the county of Bristol. 

John Waterman, Esq., colonel of the first regiment of mi- 
litia, in the county of Kent. 

John Cooke, Esq., colonel of the second regiment of mi- 
litia, in the county of Newport. 

Chad Brown, Esq., colonel of the second regiment of mi- 
litia, in the county of Providence, 

Charles Dyer, Esq., colonel of the second regiment of mi- 
litia, in the county of Kings. 

Nathaniel Brown, Esq., colonel of the second regiment of 
militia, in the county of Kent. 

William West, Esq., colonel of the third regiment of mi- 
litia, in the county of Providence. 



222 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [May. 

Amos Atwell, Esq., lieutenant colonel of the first regiment 
of militia, in the county of Providence. 

Peter Church, Esq., lieutenant colonel of the regiment of 
militia, in the county of Bristol 

John Low, Esq., lieutenant colonel of the first regiment 
of militia, in the county of Kent. 

David Hilyard, Esq., lieutenant colonel of the second regi- 
ment of militia, in the county of Newport, 

Elisha Mowry, Esq., lieutenant colonel of the second regi- 
ment of militia, in the county of Providence. 

Ray Sands. Esq., lieutenant colonel of the second regiment 
of militia, in the county of Kings. 

Archibald Kasson, Esq., lieutenant colonel of the second 
regiment of militia, in the county of Kent. 

John Colwell. Jr., Esq., lieutenant colonel of the third 
regiment of militia, in the county of Providence. 

John Angell, Esq., son of Stephen, major of the first regi- 
ment of militia, in the county of Providence. 

Peleg Heath, Esq., major of the regiment of militia, in the 
county of Bristol. 

Thomas Tillinghast, Esq., major of the first regiment of 
militia, in the county of Kent. 

Pardon Gray, Esq., major of the second regiment of mi- 
litia, m the county of Newport. 

George Peck. Esq., major of the second regiment of mi- 
litia, in the county of Providence. 

Thomas Clarke, Esq., major of the second regiment of mi- 
litia, in the county of Kings. 

Joseph Knight, Esq., major of the third regiment of mi- 
litia, in the county of Providence. 

In Council was read the return of the officers chosen to 
command the company of Light Infantry, in the town of 
Glocester, and is as follows, to wit : 

Timothy Wilmarth, Jr.. captain ; David Richmond, first 
lieutenant ; Martin Smith, second lieutenant ; Caleb Sheldon, 
ensign. 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 223 

Which being considered by the Council, — 
It is voted and resolved, that the said officers be, and 
hereby are, approved. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee of safety 
within this state be, and they are hereby, directed to pay to 
any of the soldiers lately in Colonel Lippitt's regiment, in 
the Continental service, all such sums of money as shall be 
certified by Colonel Lippitt to be due to them for their 
wages while in said service, and which through mistake were 
not included in the abstracts. 

Whereas, the following form of a commission, to be issued 
to the delegates appointed to represent this state in Con- 
gress, was laid before this Assembly, to wit : 

Form of Commission to be given to the Delegates in Congress, from 
Rhode Maul. 

" By the Honorable Nicholas Cooke, Esq., Governor, Captain-General, Commander-in- 
Chief of, and over, the state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. 



Esq., Greeting 



Whereas, by the free vote of the freemen of said state, on the first Wednesday of 

May inst,, yon, the said , was elected a delegate to represent the said 

state, for one year, in the General Congress of delegates from the thirteen United 
States of America, now sitting at Philadelphia, or wherever the same may sit : 

I do therefore, in the name of the Governor and Company of the said state, hereby 

authorize, empower and commissionate you, the said — , in conjunction 

with the other delegates, that are, or may be, elected delegates of the said state, or 
separately and alone, in case of the sickness or necessary absence of the other delegates 
of said state, to represent the said state in the said General Congress ; and in be- 
half thereof, to join witli the delegates from the other states, or the major part of them, 
in all such measures as shall be thought best for promoting the defence and welfare of 
the said United States, agreeably to the instructions given, or that may be given you, 
by the General Assembly. 

(liven under my hand and the seal of the said state, at Providence, this 

day of , in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seven y- 

seven. 

By His Honor's command. 

Which being duly considered by this Assembly, — 
It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
approved ; and that His Honor the Governor be requested 
to issue a commission to the Honorable Stephen Hopkins, 



224 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [May. 

William Ellery and Henry Marchant, Esqs., appointed dele- 
gates to represent this state in the Most Honorable the Con- 
gress of the thirteen United States of America, agreeably to 
to the afore mentioned form. 

Whereas, by an act of this Assembly, passed at the last 
session, five hundred men were proportioned to the several 
towns, to be raised on, or before, the 10th clay of May inst, 
for filling the Continental battalions raising within this 
state, upon the penalty of £10, lawful money, for each sol- 
dier said towns shall then be deficient in ; and whereas, it 
hath been represented to this Assembly, that the said time 
is not sufficient for raising said men, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that if any of the towns 
within this state, who shall not have raised their respective 
proportions of said five hundred men, on, or before the said 
10th clay of May, and shall raise their said proportions by the 
loth day of May inst,, such delinquent town shall be dis- 
charged from any fines they may have incurred by their 
said deficiency. 

And it is farther resolved, that said towns be permitted to 
advance such sums of money, in addition to the bounty 
and encouragement heretofore allowed, as the}' shall think 
proper, for procuring their quotas of said men ; any thing in 
said act to the contrary, notwithstanding. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that each town in 
this state, which shall be deficient in raising its proportion, 
as aforesaid, by said loth day of May, shall pay said fine, of 
£10, per man, for the use of the state, to be recovered, as is 
by said act ordered. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, made 
choice of the following officers, to wit : 

Ebenezer Thompson, Esq., third assistant, in the room of 
Ambrose Page, Esq., who declined serving. Engaged. 

William West, Esq., seventh assistant, in the room of 
Josiah Arnold, Esq., who declined serving. Engaged. 

It is voted and resolved, that Henry Marchant, Esq., be 
empowered to draw £100, lawful money, out of the 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 225 

general treasury, in addition to what he hath already re- 
ceived ; and iliat he account for the same, as a delegate for 
this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. Henry Ward, Na- 
thaniel Mumford, Thomas Greene and Gideon Mumford, be, 
and they, or the major part of them, are hereby, appointed 
a committee to communicate by letter, abstracts of the 
public acts of the General Assembly of this state, or ma- 
terial parts thereof, immediately upon the rising of every 
session, to the delegates of this state, in General Con- 
gress ; together with any other matters of a public nature, 
that from time to time may arise, which affect either this 
state, in particular, or the general cause of the United 
States. 

Both houses being joined in a grand committee, made 
choice of the following officers, to wit : 

John Foster, Samuel Chace and James Arnold, Jr., Esqs., 
the grand committee, or state's trustees, for signing bills of 
public credit. 

The aforesaid John Foster, is chosen and specially ap- 
pointed, to take and have the care and charge of the state's 
mortgages, and bonds for tenths, and to receive the money 
due, and to be due, thereon ; and also to make proper ac- 
quittances and discharges upon the mortgages, or otherwise, 
when he receives any of the state's money ; and in case of 
non-payment, to put in suit the bonds and mortgages of all 
such as refuse or neglect to make due payment. 

It is voted and resolved, that Pardon Gray, Esq., be em- 
powered to draw £1,500, lawful money, out of the general 
treasury, to discharge the contracts entered into by him ? 
when a commissary of this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee of safety, 
within the town of Providence, be, and they are hereby, em- 
powered to receive of Mr. Adam Babcock cloth sufficient for 
making six hundred suits of clothes, now in his possession, 
belonging to the Continent, for the use of the Continental 
battalions, raising within this state, 
voi,. mi, 29 



226 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY, 



And the said Adam Babcock having represented to this 
Assembly, that he is not authorized to deliver said cloth 
without orders from the secret committee, by whom he was 
employed to import the same, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that this Assembly will 
indemnify him with the said committee, for delivering said 
cloth to said committee of safety, for the purpose, aforesaid. 

It is further voted and resolved, that said committee of 
safety immediately employ persons to make up said cloth ; 
and when made into clothing, that they deliver the same 
for the use of said battalions. 

This Assembly taking into consideration a resolution of 
Congress, of the 14th of April last, recommending it to the 
several legislatures of the United States to exempt from 
actual service any two of the militia, who shall, within a 
limited time, furnish an able-bodied recruit, to serve in any 
battalion of the Continental army, for three years, or during 
the war, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that if 
any two men in this state, whether belonging to the militia, 
alarm list, or independent companies, in this state, shall, on 
or before the 15th day of May inst., enlist and deliver to 
any commissioned officer of either of the two Continental 
battalions, raising as the quota of this state, an able-bodied, 
effective man, to serve in the same, for three years, or 
during the war, and who shall pass muster, they shall be 
exempted from being drafted for, or doing, duty in any of 
the Continental battalions, for, and during the term for 
which such able-bodied man shall enlist ; and the person so 
enlisted, shall be entitled to, and receive, the whole of the 
bounties and allowances granted by Congress and this state, 
to persons enlisting into either of the said two battalions. 

Provided, nevertheless, that such exemption shall not ex- 
tend to excuse any person from doing duty in time of an 
alarm, or in case of a draft for the immediate defence of this 
state. 

It is further voted and resolved, that no persons shall re- 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 227 

ceive the benefit of the aforesaid exemption for any man by 
them enlisted, unless at the time of such enlistment, their 
names be inserted thereon, and they produce a certificate 
from the officer receiving him, that he was really and truly 
enlisted upon their account ; and also make oath before a 
justice of the peace, that the man by them delivered, was 
bona fide enlisted by, and for, them, without any fraud or 
'deceit. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that a copy of this 
act be immediately sent by express to the several town 
clerks, in this state. 

The return of the choice of officers, to command the in- 
dependent company of Kingstown Reds, for the county of 
Kings, was read in Council, and is as follows, to wit : 

John Weight, captain ; George Tefft, first lieutenant ; 
Nathan Taylor, second lieutenant ; Samuel Eldred, ensign. 

Which being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said officers be, and 
they are hereby, approved. 

In Council, was read the return of the choice of officers 
to command the United Company of the Train of Artillery, 
in Providence, and is as follows, to wit : 

Daniel Tillinghast. Esq., colonel ; Levi Hall, Esq., lieu- 
tenant colonel; Elihu Robinson, major; Robert Taylor, 
captain. 

Which being considered by the Council, — 

It is voted and resolved, that said officers be, and they 
are hereby, approved. 

Whereas, Messrs. Nathaniel Mumford and Thomas Greene 
presented unto this Assembly, the following report, to wit : 

Report of the Committee. 

In compliance with the orders of this Honorable Assembly, we have examined into 
the affair of the two Capt. Simmons's, and from the best information we can collect, 
'tis our opinion that the charges in their abstracts, are the same with those of the 
other militia round these shores ; only with this difference, that the tour of actually 
being on guard in some parts, comes round oftener than once in four days, which we 
think was no fault of the captains ; but as the commanding officer thought fifteen men- 



228 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MaT, 

a sufficient guard, he might have lessened the number of men then in service from 
sixty to forty -five ; which would have brought their tour of actual duty to once in 
three days, or have ordered twenty men on guard at a time, if he thought so many 
were necessary. 

Upon the whole, it is our opinion, the abstracts are rightly charged, deducting the 
rations which have been received by Capt. Gideon Simmons, amounting to .28 8s. 2d., 
and excepting the ration bill exhibited by Capt. George Simmons, to the deputy com- 
missary, Pardon Gray, Esq., which is to remain unpaid, which they have agreed to. 

Submitted to Your Honors, by your humble servants, — 

NATHANIEL MUMFORD, 
THOMAS GREENE. 



And the said report being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
accepted ; provided, that no allowance be demanded from 
the state, for fire-wood, during said term of twenty-two 
days; and that the above balance of £8 8s. 9cl, lawful 
money, be paid by the said Gideon Simmons, into the gen- 
eral treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that James Congdon, 3d, one of 
the committee of safety, be, and he is hereby, empowered to 
draw the sum of £1,500, lawful money, out of the general 
treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that all the bread, and forty bar- 
rels of the flour (if wanted), lately imported by this^state, 
in the sloop Diamond, be delivered to Colonel Daniel Til- 
linghast, for the use of the Continental frigates within this 
state ; the said Daniel to return an equal quantity of bread 
and flour, of the same quality, to this state, as soon as he can 
procure the same ; and the said Daniel is hereby requested 
immediately to remove the flour and iron imported in said 
sloop, to places of safety, within this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. Christopher Lippitt 
Job Randall, James Babcock, Thomas Wells, Christopher 
Ellery and Ebenezer Thompson, be a committee to draft a 
bill, in addition to, and amendment of, the act for prevent- 
ing monopolies, &c. ; and that report be made to this As- 
sembly, as soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Smith, as one of 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 229 

the committee of safety, be empowered to draw out of the 
general treasury, the sum of £1,000, lawful money. 

It is voted and resolved, that if any two men, in any of 
the towns who have raised, or shall raise, their quota of the 
five hundred men, proportioned to the several towns within 
this state, shall enlist and deliver an able-bodied, effective 
man, agreeably to the resolve of this Assembly, the commit- 
tees of safety are directed to pay to the person so enlisted, 
the whole of the bounties and allowances allowed by Con- 
gress and this state, to persons so enlisting into either of 
said two battalions. 

It is voted and resolved, that Jacques Pallifer, who has 
acted as surgeon's mate, in the regimental hospital, at Bris- 
tol, be allowed, after the first month, the pay and rations 
heretofore allowed the regimental mates in the Continental 
service. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Benjamin Tillinghast 
be empowered to draw the money allowed the town of 
West Greenwich, for paying the bounties to the men pro- 
portioned to said town, out of the general treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that William Christophers draw 
the pay and rations of an ensign, from the time of his en- 
tering into the service of this state. 

Both houses being joined in a grand committee, made 
choice of the following officers, to wit : 

Members of the Council of War, to act in the recess of the General 
Assembly, and Officers of the Militia Chosen 

The Hon. Nicholas Cooke, Esq., the Hon. William Brad- 
ford, Esq., the Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Esq., William Greene, 
Esq., John Tanner, Esq., Ebenezer Thompson, Esq., Daniel 
Cahoon, Esq., James Arnold, Esq., Henry Ward, Esq., Chris- 
topher Ellery, Esq., Christopher Lippitt, Esq., Immanuel 
Case, Esq., Thomas Wells, Esq., Cromel Child, Esq., Job 
Comstock, Esq. 



230 RECORDS OF THE STATE OE RHODE ISLAND [MaY, 

Christopher Greene, Esq., colonel of the first Continental 
battalion, raising in this state. 

Sylvanus Shaw, captain ; and Ebenezer David, chaplain, 
in Col. Angell's battalion of Continental troops. 

Nathan Olney, first lieutenant in Capt. Shaw's company. 

Elijah Hawkins, Jr., and Nathaniel Phillips, ensigns, in 
Col. Angell's battalion. 

Simon Smith, Luke Greene, Asa Miner, and Israel Stod- 
dard, ensigns ; John Cooke, quartermaster ; Peter Turner, 
surgeon ; and Charles Thompson, chaplain, in Col. Greene's 
battalion. 

Joseph Crandall, captain of the row-galley Spitfire. 

Martin Seamans, Esq., sheriff in the county of Providence, 
in the room of Theodore Foster, Esq., who resigns. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Welcome Arnold be 
empowered to purchase as much salt, at the stated price, in 
the state of Massachusetts Bay, as he can procure, for the 
use of this state ; that he send the same into this state ; 
and that he be empowered to draw £1,500, lawful money, 
out of the general treasury, for the purpose, aforesaid. 

It is voted and resolved, that Capt. John Hopkins, or any 
one of the commissioned officers of the ship Warren, under 
the direction of any justice of the peace, in this state, be 
empowered to impress, within this state, a sufficient number 
of men for the present cruise, being seamen, transient, for- 
eign persons, and not inhabitants of this or any of the 
United States, and not enlisted into the service of this 
state or the Continent. 

That the men so impressed, upon their entering the ship's 
books, shall be entitled to, and receive, the same bounties, 
wages and allowances, as those already entered on board 
the said ship, are entitled to ; and that the several justices of 
the peace, when called upon by the said John Hopkins, or any 
of his commissioned officers, be, and they are hereby, di- 
rected to give every assistance to the above mentioned 
service. 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 231 

It is voted and resolved, that any member of the General 
Assembly, who shall attend upon the council of war, shall, 
in all matters before said council, have an equal vote with 
the standing members ; but shall not be entitled to receive 
pay for his services. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Deputy Gov- 
ernor be empowered to procure a sufficient number of 
blankets, to return for some of those received from some of 
the inhabitants of the town of Rehoboth, for the use of the 
Continental troops, heretofore within this state ; provided, 
the persons from whom they were purchased, are dissatis- 
fied with receiving pay for the same. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Jenckes or Am- 
brose Page, Esq., deliver to Capt. Stephen Winsor, three 
hundred weight of powder, with a proportionable quantity 
of lead, and paper for cartridges, for the town of Glocester ; 
and three hundred weight of powder, and a proportionable 
quantity of lead, and paper for cartridges, to General West, 
for the town of Scituate ; and one hundred weight of pow- 
der, and a proportionable quantity of lead, and paper for 
cartridges, to Mr. Edward Wells, for the town of Hopkinton. 

This Assembly having passed an act lengthening the time 
by which the quota of the Continental battalions ordered to 
be raised by the several towns, to the loth of the month; 
and 1 also passed an act exempting any two persons who 
shall enlist a man into either of the said battalions, by the 
said time, from certain duties; and that time appearing 
to be too short for the great purpose of completing the 
levies, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the time mentioned in the 
said acts, be extended to the 17th day of this instant ; that 
the fines mentioned 'in said first mentioned act, in case of 
delinquency, shall be then incurred ; and that the several 
towns, make exact and particular returns to the General 
Assembly, on the first day of the next session. 

God save the United States of America, 



232 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MaY ? 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the State of Bhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kingstown, on 
Monday, the 19th day of May, 1777. 

The Hon. Nicholas Cooke, Governor. 

The Hon. William Bradford, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that Capt. Philip Wilkinson and 
his wife, and Capt. Nathan Bull, Margaret Drew, and Wm. 
Miller, be permitted to go in a flag of truce, to Newport, 
from North Kingstown, under the care of Col. Charles Dyer, 
with their wearing apparel, and such articles of household 
furniture as the said Charles shall think necessary for the 
use of their families. 

That the said Philip Wilkinson carry his male servant of 
eleven years of age, and his female servants, and no others, 
with him, and none of his plate. 

That Colonel Dyer take care that they carry no letters 
with them, but such as John Northup and Sylvester Gard- 
ner, Esqs., shall inspect, and appoint the persons to go in 
the vessel ; and that the whole be transacted without any 
expense to the state. 

It is voted and resolved, that one hundred weight of 
powder, and two hundred weight of lead, be delivered, by 
Mr. John Jenckes, to each of the towns of Westerly and 
South Kingstown ; and two hundred weight of lead to the 
town of Richmond. 

Whereas, it has been represented to this Assembly, that 
Capt. Ebenezer Adams has disposed of a gun, the property 
of this state, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that he be forthwith 
required to attend this Assembly ; and that Col. Dyer be 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS 233 

requested to attend with, any evidences who have any 
knowledge of the disposal of said gun. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. Joseph Hoxsie, 
Gideon Hoxsie and James Babcock be a committee to re- 
ceive the stock belonging to the farm late improved by Mr. 
Silas Niles, agreeably to the lease and schedule received by 
said Niles, from this state ; that if the said committee shall 
be dissatisfied with the stock he shall turn out, they be em- 
powered to take such of the said Niles's stock as they shall 
think agreeable to his lease and schedule ; in which case, 
they are to assess the damages for their not being delivered 
the 25th day of April last ; the said Silas Niles having 
agreed before this Assembly to abide the doings and report 
of said committee ; and said committee are further empow- 
ered to cleliverj said stock to Stephen Champlin and Job 
Watson, to whom said farm is leased ; the said Stephen and 
Job having agreed, before this Assembly, to receive the 
same, agreeably to the determination of said committee. 

It is voted and resolved, that Caleb Harris, Esq., be, and 
he is hereby, empowered to collect the saltpetre purchased 
by this state ; that he inspect the treasury books, to know 
the quantity purchased, and of whom ; and that, when col- 
lected, he deposite the same in places of safety ; that Be- 
riah Brown, Esq., forthwith take possession of the saltpetre 
in the possession of Andrew Balfour, belonging to this 
state ; that Edward Wells and Joseph Maxson deliver the 
saltpetre by them manufactured, before the 5th day of May 
inst,, to the said Caleb Harris ; that he inspect the same, 
and that they be allowed the bounty heretofore allowed by 
by this state, for so much as shall be approved by the said 
Caleb. 

It is voted and resolved, that the commissary be, and he 
is hereby, directed to use his utmost endeavors to procure 
milk, and the other articles which are to be furnished the 
troops by the commissary, at the stated price ; and, if neces- 
sary, that he apply to the eommanding officer of any divi- 

VOL. VIIJ, 30 



234 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY, 

sion of the troops within this state, who are hereby required 
to aid and assist him in procuring the same. 

It is voted and resolved, that Major Sylvester Gardner, as 
quartermaster of the troops stationed in King's county, lay 
all his accounts against this state, before the council of war, 
to be by them delivered to the standing committee, to be 
examined ; that report be made to said council of war, who 
are hereby empowered to adjust the same, and to make such 
deductions as they shall think just and reasonable. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sheriff for the county of 
Kings immediately take possession of the stock late belong- 
ing to Charles Slocum, deceased ; and that he apply to Col. 
Dyer to place a guard for the protection of the same. 

Whereas, Mr. Samuel Sheffield, of Westerly, in the county 
of Kings, preferred a petition and represented unto this As- 
sembly, that he is desirous, with such others as may join 
him, to fit out a small privateer, of about twenty-five tons 
burthen, in order to cruise off the Narragansett shores, and 
elsewhere, for vessels belonging to the enemies of the 
United States ; and thereupon prayed this Assembly to 
grant him a permit, with such others as may see fit to join 
him, to fit out said privateer, under such directions and reg- 
ulations as this Assembly may think proper ; and the prem- 
ises being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of the said peti- 
tion be, and the same is hereby, granted ; the said Samuel 
complying with the law. 

The inhabitants of this state being put to great incon- 
veniences for Avant of small money, — 

It is voted and resolved, that a sum equal to $15,000, in 
bills of credit, be immediately printed, and signed b} T the 
persons hereinafter mentioned, and lodged in the general 
treasury, and be applied towards paying the contingent 
charges of government ; that the said bills be redeemed by 
a tax to be levied on the inhabitants at the time therein 
specified, and be of the following denominations, to wit: 



_ 


849 


00 




- 900 


00 


- 


750 


00 




- 562 


10 


- 


500 


00 




- 375 


00 


- 


250 


00 




- 187 


10 


- 


126 


00 




£4,500 


00 


aid 


bills be 


of 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 235 



Fifteen Thousand Dollar* in Bills of Credit Ordered to be issued 
by the General Assembly. 

8,41)0 of ono-tliird of a dollar, - 
12,000 k - one-fourth of a dollar, - 
15,000 " one-sixth of a dollar, - 
15,000 " one-eighth of a dollar, - 
15,000 " one-ninth of a dollar. - 
15,000 " one-twelfth of a dollar. - 
15,000 " one-eighteenth of a dollar, » 
15.000 " one-twenty-fourth of a dollar, 
15,080 " one-thirty-sixth of a dollar, 



It is further voted and resolved, that the 
the following form, to wit : 



Form of the Bilk of Credit. 

" State of Khode Island and ) 
Providence Plantations. ) 

No. . 1877, May 22. One-sixth of a dollar. 

This bill entitles the possessor to receive one-sixth of a 
dollar, out of the general treasury of this state, by the 22d 
of May, 1785; and shall be received for that sum in all 
payments, agreeable to an act of said state:' 

It is further voted and resolved, that the said bills shall 
be a lawful tender in discharge of all contracts, debts, dues 
and demands, whether of a public or private nature. 

It is further voted and resolved, that Messrs. Ebenezer 
Thompson, Jonathan Arnold, Paul Allen, John lnnis Clarke, 
William Bowen, George Olney and Theodore Foster (who 
have generously undertaken to do the same gratis), with 
such others as shall be added by the council of war, be a 



236 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MaY, 

committee to procure paper, agree with the printer, have 
the same printed, and sign the same ; and that each of the 
said bills be signed by one person. 

Whereas, Capt. Samuel Champlin represented unto this 
Assembly, that in consequence of a petition some time since 
preferred to this Assembly, and by them referred to the 
Honoiable Major General Spencer, respecting the keeping 
up a sufficient watch in Westerly, to guard their shores, the 
General has appointed him to have the command of said 
watch ; and that he has enlisted the number of men as- 
signed for that purpose, who have been on duty from the 
12th of February last past; and that no provision being 
made for them, on account of their being remote from the 
commissary's store, they were obliged to billet themselves ; 
and thereupon, the said Samuel Champlin, for himself and 
in behalf of the men under his command, requested this As* 
sembly to determine whether they shall be allowed for their 
board, or draw provisions of the commissary for the time 
they have served ; and the premises being duly consid- 
ered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said Samuel Champlin 
be allowed the pay and rations of a sergeant ; that the pri- 
vates be allowed the same pay and rations as are allowed in 
the Continental service ; and that the standing committee 
ascertain what is due to them for their wages and rations. 

Whereas, Frederick Wightman, Holmes Wightman and 
George Wightman. sons of George Wightman, now in the 
service of the enemy, are suspected of being unfriendly to 
the United States, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the sheriff for the 
county of Kings forthwith apprehend them, and confine 
them in the jail in the county of Kent, to the end that they 
may be examined before this Assembly, or the council of 
war. in the recess thereof; and all military officers and 
others are hereby required to aid and assist the said sheriff, 
in the execution of this resolve. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee appointed to 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 237 

receive the stock of Mr. Silas Niles, and deliver it to the 
present tenants of the Sewall farm, Messrs. Stephen Champ- 
lin and Job Watson, and for other purposes, as by the vote 
appointing them, is mentioned, be also empowered and di- 
rected to view the house and other buildings on said farm, 
and report the state thereof, with other matters referred to 
them, as aforesaid. 

An Act empowering and directing the justices of the supe- 
rior court of judicature, court of assize and general jail 
delivery, in and for this state, to meet and hold a special 
court for the trial of offenders against the United States, 
in general, or this state, in particular. 
Whereas, a number of persons have been committed for 
high crimes, to several jails in this state ; and as the supe- 
rior court of judicature, court of assize and general jail de- 
livery, will not meet according to the stated terms, until 
September next, and the difficulties and dangers of the 
times and the public safety require that a speedy trial of 
said persons be had, and that the said court be held in the 
county of Providence, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that the said justices be, and they 
are hereby, empowered and directed to meet specially in the 
county of Providence, on Monday, the 2d day of June next, 
and proceed to the trial of all offenders against the United 
States in general, or this state in particular, w r ho now r stand 
committed, or who may be committed before or during the 
session of the said court. 

That the sheriff of the county of Providence be, and here- 
by is, empowered to empannel special juries, by writ of 
venire facias, to be issued by said court for the trial of such 
offenders ; and that the said justices and all other officers of 
said court, be as fully empowered to act and do every thing 
necessary for the purpose aforesaid, as though the said court 
was held at the stated term time, and the offenders were in- 



1238 RECORDS OF THE STATE OE RHODE ISLAND [MaV. 

habitants of, and guilty of the offences within the county of 
Providence. 

Whereas, it hath been represented to this Assembly, that 
many of the inhabitants of the town of Exeter, in this 
state, have opposed the raising the number of men allotted 
to said town, by this Assembly, at their session in April last, 
and in a most daring and insolent manner still refuse to 
raise, or aid and assist in raising and furnishing the same, 
in defiance of the express order and demand of the legisla- 
tive and civil authority of this state ; whereby, and from 
their numbers, it hath become necessary that the military 
force of this state should be exerted, in order to bring to 
condign punishment such atrocious and high handed of- 
fenders, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that it be, and hereby 
is, recommended to the Honorable Major General Spencer, 
and he is requested, to march such a number of the militia, 
or troops belonging to this state, or Continental troops, un- 
der his command, as he shall think fit, into the said town of 
Exeter, and seize, detain and confine in the jails within this 
state, or under guard, such and so many of the disaffected 
inhabitants of said town, or of any other towns within 
this state, as he shall judge the publice peace and safety 
requires. 

And it is further requested, that he afford to the well- 
affected inhabitants of said town of Exeter, and any other 
town, all necessary aid and protection against the evil prac- 
tices and designs of the enemies of this and the United 
States of America ; and that this resolve continue in force 
until further orders from this Assembly ; or in the recess 
thereof, from the council of war. 

It is voted and resolved, that the petition of Mr. John 
Warner be, and the same is hereby, referred to the consid- 
eration and determination of the council of war. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. James Shearman be re- 
quested to attend on this Assembly, on Saturday morning, 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 239 

at nine o'clock, to give information of any money and ef- 
fects he may have in his possession, being the property of 
Mr. Isaac Howland, now or late of Jamestown ; and that 
the sheriff of the county of Kings forthwith serve the said 
James Shearman with a copy of this resolve. 

It is voted and resolved, that a bounty of one shilling be 
allowed for every bushel of good merchantable salt, that 
shall be made within this state, within one year from the 
rising of this Assembly, in addition to the bounty already 
allowed ; provided, the person who makes the same, shall 
declare under oath, that the same was made out of salt 
water, within this state, and without any collusion. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that a bounty of 
three shillings be allowed for every bushel of good and mer- 
chantable salt which shall be imported from foreign parts, 
and brought into any ports of this state, within one year 
from the rising of this Assembly, excepting salt brought in 
prize vessels ; provided, the person who imports the same, 
shall give the refusal thereof, to this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that Doctor Jonathan Arnold, 
Mr. Nathaniel Mumford and William Channing, Esq., be a 
committee to draft an act against treason, &c. ; and that 
they make report as soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that the daughter of Mr. Nathan 
Bull, and the son of Mrs. Mary Coddington, and Susannah 
Gardner, daughter of Samuel Gardner, be permitted to go 
in the flag of truce to Newport, with the said Nathan Bull, 
under the regulations and restrictions contained in the re- 
solve granting permission for the said flag. 

In Council was read the return of the officers chosen to 
command the Artillery Company of the towns of Westerly, 
Charlestown and Hopkinton, which is as follows, to wit : 

Augustus Stanton, captain ; Thomas Noyes, first lieuten- 
ant ; William Gardner, second lieutenant ; Caleb Crandall, 
ensign. 

Which beings duly considered by the Council, — 



240 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY, 

It is voted and resolved, that the said officers be, and 
hereby are, approved. 

Whereas, steel is an article most essentially necessary to 
the inhabitants of any country, and the encouraging persons 
to manufacture it within this state, for the full supply of the 
inhabitants, will be very advantageous to the public, — 

It is therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof, that any person or persons who shall, 
at any time before the 10th clay of June, A. D. 1780, by 
themselves or others, manufacture within this state steel of 
the best quality, or equal in goodness with good German 
steel, usually imported into this state from foreign parts,, 
shall have and receive as a bounty out of the general treas- 
ury of this state, for every ton (gross weight,) by him or 
them? manufactured as aforesaid, the sum of £60 lawful 
money. 

And it is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
there shall be one inspector of steel appointed Avithin this 
state, who shall be engaged as other public officers are, and 
who shall carefully examine and inspect, at the request of 
the manufacturer, all the steel manufactured within this 
state ; and upon all such as he shall judge equal in quality 
to good German steel, as aforesaid, he shall fix a proper 
stamp (by him for that purpose provided,) at such distances 
upon each bar, as he shall judge necessary, to prevent any 
impositions in the sale thereof; and the manufacturer 
thereof, making oath or affirmation before such inspector, 
who is hereby empowered to administer the same, that the 
steel by him exhibited for inspection, is bona fide of his own 
manufacture, and made within this state ; and that he has 
not, by himself or others, for or on his account and behalf, 
sold or taken any more or greater price than that stated, or 
that may be stated by the General Assembly, for steel of 
the same quality with that then exhibited for, and which 
shall pass inspection ; thereupon such inspector shall certify 
the same, and the quantity inspected, and by him stamped, 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 241 

as aforesaid, to the general treasurer of this state, who, upon 
receipt of such certificates, shall, if they amount to twenty 
hundred gross weight, or one ton, as aforesaid, pay to the 
persons producing the same, the sum of £60, lawful money ; 
and in the same proportion for any quantity more than 
twenty hundred gross weight, out of the treasury of this 
state, taking receipts for all sums by him so paid. 

And it is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the manufacturer of steel shall pay to the inspector, for his 
trouble, one penny per pound, for any number of pounds 
not exceeding five hundred ; and one-half penny per pound 
for all above five hundred pounds, for all steel which shall 
at any one time be stamped by him, and certified as afore- 
said, for his trouble in viewing, stamping and certifying the 
same ; and fourpence per mile, for every mile he may travel 
out from home, for that purpose. 

And it is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the inspector of steel for this state, as aforesaid, for pre- 
venting imposition by false stamps, shall cause a description 
of the stamp by him used for stamping steel of the best 
quality, as aforesaid, to be published in the Providence Ga- 
zette, four weeks successively, immediately after he shall 
proceed to stamp any steel therewith. 

And it is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
any person who shall be convicted of counterfeiting the said 
stamp, or any other made use of by the inspector of steel, 
and advertised, as aforesaid ; or of using any such stamp, 
knowing it to be counterfeit, shall forfeit and pay as a fine 
the sum of £100, lawful money, for every such offence ; 
one-half thereof, to be paid to and for the use of the prose- 
cutor, and the other half to the general treasurer of this 
state, to be recovered by bill, plaint or information, in any 
court of record within this state ; and shall also pay all costs 
of prosecution and conviction. 

And it is further enacted, that the stamp directed to be 
procured by the inspector as aforesaid, be purchased at the 



242 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY, 

expense of this state, to be delivered to his successor in said 
office. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that no rum, sugar, molasses, 
cotton-wool, coffee, tanned leather, sheep's wool, and sheep, 
until they are shorn, shall be carried out of this state, either 
by sea or land, under any pretence whatseover. 

That if any person shall be convicted of having carried, 
or attempting to carry out of this state, any of the afore- 
mentioned articles, he shall forfeit the articles so carried, or 
attempted to be carried out of this state; one-half thereof, 
to and for the use of the prosecutor ; and the other half, to 
and for the use of the state, to be recovered by bill, plaint 
or information, in any court of record within this state. 

That all of the aforementioned articles which shall be 
found carrying from one town to another in this state, or on 
board any vessel about departing from the same, unless in 
small quantities, shall be deemed to be attempted to be car- 
ried out of this state, within the meaning of this act, unless 
the person so carrying the same, shall produce a certificate 
or permission, from the town council of the town from 
whence such articles shall be removed ; specifying that the 
same are permitted to be carried to some other town within 
this state, for the use of the inhabitants thereof. 

Provided nevertheless, that this act shall not extend to 
any articles that have been, or shall be, purchased for the 
use of the Continental army, for the transportation of which, 
a permit shall be granted by the commander of the Conti- 
nental troops in this state, or the council of war, in the re- 
cess of the General Assembly. 

And be it further enacted, that this act shall be in force 
immediately from and after the rising of this Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Cromel Child be, and 
he is hereby, appointed to repair the row-galley Washing- 
ton, as soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committees appointed 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. U43 

in the several counties within this state, to dispose of the 
salt proportioned to the towns belonging to this state, be, 
and they are hereby, required forthwith to pay into the 
general treasury the monej r arising from the sale thereof, 
agreeably to a resolve of this Assembly. 

Whereas, by an act of this Assembly, passed at the April 
session, A. D. 1777, five hundred men were proportioned 
to the several towns within this state, to be raised for 
filling the Continental battalions : and difficulties having 
arisen in ascertaining to which towns certain persons en- 
listed into said battalions, shall be reckoned, — 

It is voted and resolved, that all transient persons en- 
listed by any of said towns, since the passing of said act, 
vshall be reckoned to the towns for which they have been 
enlisted. 

It is further voted and resolved, that every person, being 
an inhabitant of this state, who hath enlisted into said bat- 
talions, be assigned to the town which is liable to maintain 
him, in case he becomes chargeable. 

It is further voted and resolved, that every person, who 
hath been enlisted by any of said towns, since the passing 
of said act, and who is an inhabitant of any other state, be 
assigned to the town in which he resided at the time of his 
enlistment. 

It is further voted and resolved, that every apprentice 
who enlisted into either of said battalions, be reckoned to 
the town in which he is bound to serve his apprenticeship. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the persons 
who have, or shall be reckoned to either of said towns as in- 
habitants thereof, shall be considered as inhabitants of the 
town to which they shall be so reckoned ; and shall, with 
their families, be supported by said town, in case they be- 
come chargeable ; unless they shall hereafter gain an- 
other settlement ; any law to the contrary hereof, notwith- 
standing. 

It is voted and resolved, that a bounty of £16, lawful 



244 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [MaY, 

money, be allowed to each of the non-commissioned officers 
and privates of three companies, consisting of eighty-six 
men each, in the battalion under the command of Colonel 
Henry Sherburne, being one of the sixteen battalions rais- 
ing by order of Congress ; and that Col. Henry Sherburne 
be empowered to draw the money for the purpose, afore- 
said, out of the general treasury ; and that he account 
therefor, with this Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that a flag of truce be permitted 
to proceed to Newport, under the direction of Col. Dyer, to 
carry clothing, and $20 in cash, for the use of the persons 
lately taken by the enemy from North Kingstown, and now 
confined in the jail, in Newport. 

Both houses in a grand committee, chose the following 
officers, to wit : 

Officers of the First Regiment of Militia. 

Joseph Noyes, Esq., colonel ; Jesse Maxson, Esq., first 
lieutenant colonel ; and Thomas Sheffield, Esq., major. 

Officers of the Second Regiment of Militia. 

Samuel Whipple, Esq., major, in the room of George Peck., 
Esq., who declines. 

Archibald Kasson, Esq., colonel; Benjamin Tillinghast, 
Esq., lieutenant colonel ; and Yelverton Weight, Esq. major. 

Pardon Gray, Esq., lieutenant colonel, in the room of 
David Hilyard, Esq., who declines. 

Simon Whipple, Esq., lieutenant colonel, in the room of 
Elisha Mowtv, Esq., who declines. 

Thomas Alclrieh, Esq., major, in the room of Simon Whip- 
ple, Esq., promoted. 

Thomas Smith, first lieutenant in the Continental bat- 
talion commanded by Col. Angell, in the room of Nathan 
Olney, who resigns. 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 245 

An Act to prevent monopoly and oppression, by excessive 
and unreasonable prices for many of the necessaries and 
conveniences of life, and for preventing engrossers ; and 
for the better supply of our troops in the army with such 
necessaries as may be wanted. 

[See printed schedule.] 

It is voted and resolved, that Capt. Abraham Whipple, or 
any of the commissioned officers of the ship Providence, 
under the direction of any justice of the peace in this state, 
be, and they are, empowered to impress within this state, 
sixty men, for the present cruise, being seamen, transient 
foreign persons, and not inhabitants of this or any of the 
United States, and not enlisted into the service of this state, 
or the Continent. 

That the men so impressed, upon their entering the ship's 
books, shall be entitled to, and receive the same bounties, 
wages and allowances, as those alread}* entered on board 
the said ship are entitled to ; and that the several justices 
of the peace, when called upon by the said Abraham Whip- 
ple, or any of his commissioned officers, be, and they are 
hereby, directed to give eveiy assistance to the above men- 
tioned service. 

It is voted and resolved, that the commanding officers of 
each of the three battalions raising by this state for fifteen 
months, cause the captains and other recruiting officers to 
make out abstracts of all the men enlisted into said battal- 
ions, mentioning the time when they enlisted, the bounties, 
pay and clothing they have respectively received; and 
those who have enlisted from them into the Continental ser- 
vice, the time when they so enlisted, and the bounties, pay 
and clothing that they have likewise received. 

That the abstracts be made out, for those that are re- 
maining in the said brigade, up to the 10th day of May ; 
and that the rolls be delivered to the committee of safety, 
w r ho are directed to pay them up to said time. 



246 RECORDS OF THE STATE OE RHODE ISLAND [MaYj 

And the committee of safety is hereby directed to make 
out abstracts for all those that have enlisted into the Conti- 
nental battalions, as aforesaid, with the bounties, pay and 
clothing they have respectively received, and lay the same 
before this Assembly, in order that justice may be done as 
well to this state as to the men who have so enlisted. 

An Act against treason and misprison of treason, and for 
regulating trials in such cases, and for directing the 
mode of executing judgments against persons attainted of 
felony. 

[See printed schedule,] 

Whereas, there are a number of blankets immediately 
Wanted for the use of the Continental battalions raising by 
this state, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the number of five hundred 
blankets be immediately apportioned to the several towns 
in this state. 

And whereas, there is a quantity of flour and iron belong- 
ing to this state, the distributing a part of which amongst 
the inhabitants thereof, would at this time, be very useful 
and advantageous to them, — 

It is therefore further voted and resolved, that two hun- 
dred and fifty barrels of flour, and four tons of iron be ap- 
portioned to the several towns therein. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the rule for ap- 
portioning the blankets, flour and iron, aforesaid, be accord- 
ing to the last apportionment of the tax ; that Mr. Nathaniel 
Mumford be, and he is hereby, appointed to apportion the 
same ; and that it be done immediately. 

It is voted and resolved, that Joseph Crandall, captain of 
the row-galley Spitfire, enlist, to serve on board said galley 
for the term of eighteen months from the day of their en- 
listments, unless sooner discharged by this Assembly, fifty 
men, including those already enlisted, and their officers. 

That all the sailors be allowed £9, bounty, upon their 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 247 

enlisting ; and that those which have already enlisted, have 
the same bounty upon their enlisting anew, in manner as 
above mentioned. 

Whereas, divers persons within this state, who may rea- 
sonably be supposed to be well affected to the interest and 
liberties thereof, have hitherto neglected to subscribe the 
test or declaration, prescribed by an act of this Assembly, 
at the session held at Newport, in June, 1776, although 
called upon so to do ; and are now prevented by an act or- 
dering that no person, to whom the same had been ten- 
dered, should, after the passing thereof, be permitted to sub- 
scribe the same, without permission first had from this As- 
sembly ; and are in consequence thereof, subject to many 
incapacities and inconveniences, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by 
the authority thereof it is enacted, that if any person within 
this state, not having hitherto subscribed the said declara- 
tion, shall, on or before the 10th day of July next, subscribe 
the same before the Governor, Deputy Governor, an assist- 
ant, or judge of the superior or inferior court, or in open 
town meeting, such person shall be restored to all his liber- 
ties, privileges, franchises, and immunities ; and shall as 
fully enjoy the same, as though he had subscribed the said 
test or declaration in due season ; and that no person, after 
the expiration of said time, shall be admitted to subscribe 
the same, without special permission first had from this 
Assembly. 

Whereas, the calling forth the militia for defence of this 
state, greatly prevents the carrying on necessary husband- 
ry, and is attended with many other inconveniences, — 

It is voted and resolved, for the filling up the brigade or- 
dered to be raised by this state for fifteen months, that a 
bounty of £6, lawful money, be allowed and paid to each 
non-commissioned officer and private, who shall enlist into 
the same within fifteen days after the rising of this Assem- 
bly, in addition to the bounty heretofore allowed ; after 
which time, this additional bounty shall cease. 



248 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [May, 

And whereas, clothing was allowed to the non-commis- 
sioned officers and privates, as part of their bounty ; some of 
whom, already enlisted, have not yet received the same, and 
others who shall enlist, nu<vy incline to receive money in lieu 
thereof, — 

It is further voted and resolved, that in case any non- 
commissioned officer or soldier shall choose to receive 
money instead of clothing, he shall be allowed £7 10s., in 
lieu of the whole clothing allowed, and in proportion for any 
part thereof. 

It is farther voted and resolved, that the form of the en- 
listment in future, for the said brigade, shall be the same as 
was firrt ordered ; excepting that the men shall be enlisted 
to serve until the 16th clay of March next, unless sooner 
discharged by this Assembly, on which day the said brigade 
shall be dismissed. 

It is further voted and resolved, that one thousand men 
be raised, for filling up the said brigade ; and that the quota 
of each town thereof, shall be as follows, to wit : 

Quota of men proportioned to the several Towns, to be raised for 
the Brigade. 





No. of men. 




No. of men. 


Providence, 


- 80 


Charlestown, 


- 35 


Warwick, 


61 


West Greenwich, 


35 


Westerly, - 


- 39 


Coventry, - 


- 49 


North Kingstown, 


51 


Exeter, - 


39 


South Kingstown, 


- 50 


Bristol, 


- 24 


East Greenwich, 


44 


Tiverton, 


42 


Smithfield, - 


- 55 


Little Compton, - 


- 31 


Scituate, - 


82 


Warren, - 


23 


Gloucester, 


- 68 


Cumberland, 


- 42 


Kichmond, 


28 


Johnston, 


32 


Cranston, - 


- 37 


North Providence, 


- 15 


Hopkinton, 


36 


Barrington, 


11 



It is further voted and resolved, that as soon as any town 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 249 

town shall have raised its proportion assigned by this act, 
or any number of men as part of their quota, not less than 
five, and the same shall have joined the army, that then so 
many men of the militia, alarm men, and independent com- 
panies, of such town upon duty, shall be dismissed by lot, 
and shall be discharged from doing duty upon the shores, 
except in case of such an alarm as shall occasion the whole 
force of the state to be called out ; and His Honor Major 
General Spencer is hereby requested to discharge them ac- 
cordingly. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that no greater 
bounty shall be given by any town, than is allowed by this 
act ; and that any town may enlist the inhabitants of other 
towns, as part of its quota. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the town 
treasurers of the several towns, or persons appointed by 
said towns, be empowered to draw the necessary sums of 
money for the purpose, aforesaid. 

In Council was read the return of the officers chosen to 
command the company of Scituate Hunters, which are as 
follows, viz. : 

Gideon Cornell, captain ; Jonathan Smith, first lieuten- 
ant ; Bertram Rounds, second lieutenant ; Jonathan Hop- 
kins, Jr., ensign. 

Which being considered by the Council, — 

It is voted and resolved, that said officers be, and hereby 
are, approved. 

The return of officers for the company of North Provi- 
dence Rangers, was read in Council, and are as follows, to 
wit : 

Thomas Olney, Jr., captain ; Rufus Angell, lieutenant. 

Which being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that said officers be, and they 
are hereby, approved. 

Whereas, this Assembly, at their session in December last, 
passed an act for preventing monopoly and oppression, 
therein stating the prices of certain articles in said act enu- 

TOI,. VIIT ? 22 



250 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY, 

merated ; and did resolve, that the soldiers raised by this 
state, and their families, should be furnished with said arti- 
cles for their use and consumption, at the prices stated ; and 
whereas, this Assembly, at the present session, have passed 
an act, making certain alterations in the prices of said 
articles, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the articles enu- 
merated in the first mentioned act, shall be furnished the 
soldiers raised by this state, and their families, at the prices 
as stated in said act, agreeably to the true intent and mean- 
ing of said resolve ; the soldiers lodging money for that pur- 
pose, in the hands of the committee appointed to furnish 
them, as aforesaid. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committees of safety 
within this state be, and they are hereby, directed to pay 
the difference of wages between the allowances of this state 
and the Continent, to the officers of the regiment late under 
the command of Col. Richmond, during their continuance in 
the service ; and to the officers of the regiment late under 
the command of Col. Lippitt, from the 11th day of May, A. 
D. 1776, until the 1st day of September then next following, 
upon the abstracts being certified by their respective com- 
manding officers. 

It is voted and resolved, that the officers in the two bat- 
talions and regiment of the train raising within this state 
for fifteen months, who have not made their returns to this 
Assembly at the first May session, as ordered, and shall not 
make the same, and a return of names of the persons by 
them enlisted into said regiment and battalions, and of the 
time of their enlistment, to the council of war, on or before 
the 7th day of June next, shall be discharged from the ser- 
vice, and the council of war are empowered on the 8th day 
of June next, to appoint others in their room ; and in case 
it shall appear by the returns made, agreeably to this or 
the former order, that any officer is deficient in the number 
which was by the order first mentioned, assigned him to 
raise, that the officer so deficient, shall be dismissed the 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 2o I 

service, and the council of war are empowered on the 

said 8th day of June to appoint others in their stead. 

Provided, that no person shall he commissioned, or be en- 
titled to pay or rations as an officer, until he shall have 
enlisted a number of men according to his rank, equal to 
one-half the number before assigned to such officer, and 
make return thereof to the council of war, or (if sitting) to 
this Assembly ; and immediately after such return, he shall 
be commissioned, and be entitled to pay and rations. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that copies hereof 
be forthwith transmitted to the colonels of the battalions 
and regiment. 

It is voted and resolved, that the old court house, and lot 
of land thereunto belonging, upon Little Rest Hill, in South 
Kingstown, be sold at public vendue, on the 7th day of June 
next, to the highest bidder, by the sheriff of the county of 
Kings. 

That he give a good deed thereof to the purchaser, war* 
ranting the same in behalf of the state ; and that he ad- 
vertise the sale of said house and land in the Providence 
Gazette. 

It is voted and resolved, that when any tax shall be as- 
sessed upon any unimproved land in any town within the 
state, the owner whereof is an inhabitant of another town, 
the collector of taxes within the town in which said land 
lies, is directed to give notice of said assessment to the 
owner thereof; and upon his neglect or refusal to pay the 
same, the said collector is empowered to dispose of so much 
of the wood and stone that may be on said land, as may be 
sufficient to satisfy and pay said tax ; or otherwise collect 
the same from the owner of said land, in the same manner 
as by law he is directed, when the owner is in the town in 
which the tax is assessed. 

It is voted and resolved, that a flag of truce be permitted 
to proceed from Howland's Ferry to Rhode Island, to carry 
on said island Joseph Willcox ; and that the same be under 
the direction of Col. Stanton. 



252 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY, 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Welcome Arnold be ap- 
pointed to inquire what number of blankets, belonging to 
this state, have been, since the 1st of December last, deliv- 
ered by the committees of safety to any soldiers ; and to 
whom they were delivered. 

That he apply to said committees for information ; and 
that he make report to this Assembly as soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that the Honorable William 
Bradford, Esq., be empowered to draw £1,000, lawful 
money, out of the general treasury ; and that he account 
for the same, as one of the committee of safety. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Northup, Esq., be em- 
powered to draw £1,500, lawful money, out of the general 
treasury ; and that he account for the same as one of the 
committee of safety. 

It is voted and resolved, that the secretary revise the act 
for preventing monopoly and oppression ; and the acts since 
made in addition thereto ; that he form the same into one 
act, and make report to the council of war ; that the same 
be forthwith printed, and copies thereof transmitted to the 
several town clerks within this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that the officers of the artillery 
companies in the several towns within this state, who have 
been heretofore appointed by such towns, be chosen in fu- 
ture at the annual town meeting for the choice of town offi- 
cers in said towns. 

That Willson Pollock, captain of the company in the town 
of South Kingstown, be suspended ; and that the lieutenant 
take the command until another choice, agreeably to this 
resolve ; any law, custom or usage, to the contrary, not- 
withstanding. 

It is voted and resolved, that the fees of the judges, 
sheriffs, and other officers of the superior court, as stated 
by law, are too low, considering the prices of the necessa- 
ries of life ; and that this Assembly will make them an ade- 
quate allowance for their public services, from this time 
until the next session of this Assembly. 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 253 

Whereas, Mr. Nathaniel Mumford, who was appointed to 
proportion flour, iron and blankets, to the several towns 
within this state, presented unto this Assembly the follow- 
ing apportionment of said articles, to wit : 

Proportion of Two Hundred Barrels of Flour, Five Hundred 
Blankets, and Four Tons of Iron, to the several Toivns in this 
State. 



Providence 

Warwick , 


Barrels . 

34 

15 

9 


lilankcts. 

68 

30 

18 


3 

a 

10 

4 

2 

4 

8 


Iron. 
qr. lb 
3 5 

2 5 

3 4 


North Kingstown 


14 

27 


28 

54 


2 8 

3 6 

2 19 

26 

3 11 

1 12 
1 4 
3 15 


East Greenwich , 

Smithfield 


8 

16 ... 


16 

32 


2 


Scituate 

Glocester 

Charlestown 


12 

10 




24 

20 

14 

12 


3 

3 

2 

1 

2 
2 






...14 . 


1 °0 




8 


...16 . 


2 13 


Bristol 


7 


14 


1 15 

1 27 


Tiverton , 


11 

10 


92 


Little Compton 


20 


3 

1 


10 
3 




7 


14 . 


1 

1 


3 °2 




6 


12 . 


3 12 




11 


22 


2 6 
2 6 
1 24 
1 16 
19 




8... 


.. 16 


2 

1 

1 

1 






10 




g 


... 10 




4 


8... 











250 500 80 

It is voted and resolved, that the above apportionment of 
flour, iron and blankets, ordered to be apportioned to the 
several towns within this state, be, and the same is, ap- 
proved of. 

That the persons hereafter named, be appointed to pro- 
cure the blankets proportioned to the said towns ; and that 
they deliver the same, within ten days after the rising of 
this Assembly, to either of the committees of safety within 



254 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY* 

the state, who are hereby directed to advance to the several 
committee-men in their respective comities the necessaiy 
sums for that purpose. 

Names of the Persons appointed by the General Assembly to pro- 
cure the Blankets from the several Towns. 

For Providence — William Rhodes. 

" Warwick — Benjamin Arnold, Jr. 

" Westerly — Thomas Ross. 

" North Kingstown — Daniel Hall ; and in case of his 
refusal, Sylvester Gardner. 

" South Kingstown — Enoch Haszard. 

kk East Greenwich — Thomas Tillinghast. 

" Smithfield — Samuel Winsor. 

" Scituate — Timothy Hopkins. 

" Glocester — Asa Kimball. 

" Charlestown — Robert Congdon. 

a West Greenwich — Elisha Green. 

" Coventry — John Greene. 

" Exeter — John Chapman. 

" Bristol — Stephen Smith. 

" Tiverton— "'Isaac Manchester. 

" Little Compton — Aaron Wilbur. 

" Warren — Cromel Child. 

" Richmond — Richard Bailey. 

" Cranston — Randall Briggs. 

" Hopkinton — Thomas Wells. 

" Johnston — Ebenezer Sprague. 

u North Providence — Joseph Olney; 

" Barrington — Peleg Heath. 
And it is further voted and resolved, that the said com- 
mittees do not give for the best of blankets a higher price 
than thirty shillings, lawful money ; and for others in pro- 
portion. 

That if any person within this state hath, in the opinion 
of said committee, a greater number of blankets than he is 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 255 

in immediate want of, for the use of himself and family, 
and will not voluntarily dispose of the same, or of his pro- 
portion of what he may be possessed of, the said committee 
be empowered to impress the same, and pay the owner 
thereof, as much as the same shall appear to them to be 
worth, agreeably to this resolve. 

That persons be appointed by said towns, to transport at 
the expense of the state, the flour and iron above propor- 
tioned, from Dartmouth, to their respective towns ; and 
that the accounts for transportation of the same, be laid be- 
fore this Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committees of safety 
in this state, be, and they are hereby, directed and em- 
powered to purchase, at the stated price, of the farmers and 
other proprietors of leather, a sufficient quantity to make 
two thousand pair of shoes. 

That they forthwith have them made for the use of the 
soldiers raised by this state ; and that in case any person 
having more than for his famity's use, shall withhold his 
leather from sale, the said committees shall seize and im- 
press the same out of the hands of such persons ; paying 
them the stated price therefor, until the quantity necessary 
for the purpose aforesaid, be procured. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that those persons 
who shall frankly and freely sell their leather to the said com- 
mittee at the stated prices as aforesaid, without impressing, 
shall have the preference in purchasing the raw hides which 
may be at the disposal of this state. 

Voted and resolved, that the following accounts be paid 
out of the general treasury, viz. : 

Bills Ordered fo be Paid. 

£ s. d. 

Col. Thomas Church, for six boatmen, stationed at Seaconnet Point 36 00 00 

Beriah Wait, for carrying expresses 6 00 00 

Samuel Potter, for carrying expresses to Providence 2 0-5 00 

Joseph Belcher, for copper gun-ladles, nails, &c 7 17 00 

h " nails for fiat-bottomed boats , .... 3 09 06 



256 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY, 

£ s. d. 
Joseph Belcher, for pails, and sundry other articles, for the use of the troops, 2 14 04 
Josias Lyndon, for attendance on the General Assembly, at South Kings- 
town 2 07 02 

Daniel Branch, for cleaning the state house, in Providence ; and for coal and 

candles for the use of the Assembly 0G 00 

Ichabod Babcock, Jr., for carrying express from Westerly, to Little Rest 

Hill, in South Kingstown ; and from thence to Providence 2 14 00 

Caleb Gardner, Jr., for carrying express to General West 1 10 00 

Ebenezer Cole, for victualling sixteen soldiers, -who were on guard at 

Warren 16 00 

Nathaniel Mumford, for his services as one of the committee of audit 12 12 00 

Major Richard Bailey, for taking an account of the number of inhabitants in 

the town of Richmond 2 14 00 

Thomas Potter, Jr., for keeping the light house in Kings county 6 03 09 

Jonathan Peck, for carrying express from Col. Babcock to the General As- 
sembly, at East Greenwich 15 00 

Ebenezer Tefft and Richard Chappel, for attendance as waiters, &c, on the 

General Assembly 3 16 00 

Josias Lyndon, as clerk of the house 1 16 00 

Enoch Stanton, for his services as armorer to Col. Lippitt's regiment 20 00 00 

Hon. William Bradford, for his services in attending Col. Putnam, to lay out 

lines on Rhode Island, &c 16 07 04 

Levi Maxwell, for freight of carriage guns, to East Greenwich 3 00 00 

Richard Smith, for expenses in taking possession of sundry farms in Bristol, 

in behalf of the state 00 00 

Benjamin Stelle, for effects lost on Rhode Island, in consequence of his being 

the officer of a flag of truce, sent to Block Island, at the time Rhode 

Island was evacuated 39 10 00 

Henry Ward, for writing paper, sealing wax, and wafers, for the use of the 

secretary's office 22 11 06 

William Waterman, for ten reams of paper, for the use of the state 20 00 00 

Beriah Waite, for carrying expresses to town clerks and military officers. . . 2 02 00 
Edward Taylor, for the use of a sulky, to carry a French officer to Lebanon, 

on his way to join Gen. Washington's army 1 04 00 

Dr. John Bartlett, for his services as surgeon to Rhode Island brigade and 

director of the Rhode Island hospital 21 00 00 

Dr. William Wittridge, for attendance on sick soldiers, at Howland's Ferry, 15 11 00 

James Rhodes, for provisions, &c, furnished to guard, on Watch Hill 20 05 11 

Cromel Child, for materials furnished, and for labor done, in repairing the 

row-galley Spitfire 231 09 04 

Enoch Hazard, for fire-arms and accoutrements furnished the inhabitants of 

South Kingstown 41 18 10 

Ambrose Peck, for repairing small arms, for the use of the state 19 06 00 

Cromel Child, for iron-work for the row-galley Spitfire 68 09 00 

Peleg Simmons, for eight day's service and horse-hire, in taking an account 

of the inhabitants of Tiverton 2 14 00 

Rowse J. Helme, for attendance as clerk to Assembly, and the committee of 

Avar 12 00 00 

Zebedee Hopkins, for numbering the inhabitants of Glocester 5 08 00 

Sarah Gray, for a boat taken from Howland's Ferry, by Generals West and 

Malmedy, which was subsequently burnt by the enemy 67 15 00 



1777.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 257 



Col. John Weight, for a pay-roll of a detachment of his company 27 10 06 

John Reynolds, for his expenses to Boston, to bii3 r clothing 7 13 00 

William Dyer, for express and horse-hire, to Hartford 4 04 00 

William Charming, for services on the Assembly, assistant clerk 3 06 00 

God save the United States of America. 

The Governor of Rhode Island to the Committee of Safety of Neiu 
Hampshire. 

State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, i 
In the lower House of Assembly. ) 

Providence, March 5th, 1777. 

Gentlemen : — As you have not sent any of the troops assigned by the committee of 
the New England states, as your quota, for the defence of this state, I must now desire 
that you would, with all possible despatch, send forward the number at least allotted 
you. 

The reason I must now be so urgent, is very obvious ; the troops sent forward here 
by Connecticut and Massachusetts are all militia, and their time is now mostly out. 
You are sensible, gentlemen, that after the time the militia is engaged for expires, 
there is no retaining them. 

The season is now very fast approaching when the enemy will not be idle. One- 
third part of all the men within this state, have been called forth upon duty ever since 
the enemy took possession of Rhode Island, which labors very hard with us ; they 
have done duty for one month, and then been relieved ; and the last division is now 
going to take their tour. 

Arguments to hasten your levies, are, I am sure, at this time unnecessary. The 
consequences of suffering the enemy to get possession of any advantageous place upon 
the main land, is such, that will induce you to take every measure in your power to 
prevent it. And unless we have such numbers here, as to make an attack upon them, 
they may soon spread desolation in the country adjacent to Rhode Island ; and as 
Gen. Washington has respectfully pressed our filling up our Continental battalions, 
and sending them forward, we can't but complain of the neglect of our neighboring states 
in not sending us the assistance agreed to, which puts it out of our power to comply 
with His Excellency's strongest recommendations. 

I am, with great esteem and regard, gentlemen, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

NICHOLAS COOKE. 

To the Committee of Safety, New Hampshire. 

The Governor of Rhode Island to Gov. Trumbull, of Connecticut. 

Providence, March 14, 1777. 
Sir : — This state feels much difficulty and distress in consequence of an order or 
regulation passed in the state of Connecticut, prohibiting any provisions to come from 
thence to this. We are greatly concerned at the event of such a measure ; for this rer 
source being cut off, we cannot find any other sufficient to enable us to support such 
of the army as do and must remain amongst us, besides the new troop raised and rais- 
ing for the Continental service. 

This state doth not raise a sufficiency of provision for the common inhabitants, even 
vol. viii, 33. 



258 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [May, 

in peaceable times, much less now, when the large body of troops kept up here, hath 
consumed all the stock in the neighboring parts. 

The public service, as we think, must receive great detriment by an adherence to 
this prohibition ; and we have so great an opinion of the public spirit of Connecticut, 
as to believe that upon a review of their act, they will be induced to repeal it, so far as 
respects us. Your government is an important link in the American chain ; and with- 
out your continuance of every usual supply of provisions, we shall not only be greatly 
distressed, but it will become exceeding difficult, if not impossible, for us to render those 
services to the United States, which both our duty and desires coincide to move us. 

We are greatly affected already by the operation of your regulation, although it be 
but of a short standing ; and we tear the worst of consequences both to the army and 
our inhabitants, should it remain in force. 

I am, with great truth and regard, sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

NICH. COOKE. 

To the Honorable Governor Trumbull. 

Gov. Trumbull to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Lebanon, May 6, 1777. 

Sir : — Col. Russell and David Hoswell, Esq., your committee, have communicated 
to me your resolves and proposals of making an attack on Rhode Island, in co-operation 
with the New England sister states, and agreeably to the recommendation of Congress. 
The plan is very desirable, and would be of great importance. I wish to forward the 
undertaking. 

This state is now greatly threatened, and we have reason to expect descents upon 
various parts at once ; and have in consequence given out orders to detach for differ- 
ent parts, a fourth part of our whole militia and alarm roll, which is now beginning to 
execute. The attended with great difficulty at this most critical season. 

My Council is not with me, nor can possibly be convened before our election on the 

8th . I will lay the matter before the Assembly as early as possible, and if 

practicable I have no doubt they will send their proportionable assistance. My best 
endeavors shall be exerted to promote it. 

Nothing, however, is essential which is not in our power to supply ; I mean the ar- 
ticle of arms. We are at the greatest difficulty to supply our quota of the army ; and 
the present draughts of militia. If you can furnish, or procure them from Boston or 
elsewhere, it will be an encouragement to our attempts ; and without it, I think our 
men will be badl) r armed ; please to let me know what may be expected. 

As it is impossible for me to give a decisive answer, the gentlemen of your commit- 
tee think it most proper for them to attend our Assembly, and they shall be furnished 
with as early an answer as possible. 

I am, sir, with much esteem and regard, 

Your Honor's most obedient and humble servant, 

JON'TH. TRUMBULL. 

P. S. To obtain the arms so much needed here, I have enclosed a request to the 
honorable board of war, at Boston, to sell us and deliver to your order two thousand 
stands of arms, or such number as can be spared. We wish to promote the intended 
expedition all in our power, and doubt not j^our readiness to promote our obtaining 
arms. 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 259 



Gen. Malmedy to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Morristown, May l'.tth, 1777. 

Honorable Sir:— Permit me to remind you that the Assembly of Rhode Island, in 
consideration of the small number of troops raised in that state, (which was a prudent 
measure, and from wise motives of economy,) resolved to dismiss their three brigadier 
generals. It even condescended to offer me a gratification for my services, as a 
testimony of their satisfaction; and Your Honor has been pleased, likewise, to 
make an advantageous representation of my conduct ; all which, does me honor, 
and has disposed the Honorable Congress, His Excellency and all worthy persons 
to think favorably of me ; however, this good disposition towards me, is not univer- 
sal ; for evil-minded people, ever ready to misconstrue facts, have interpreted my 
dismission in a manner highly injurious to my reputation. 

I know and respect the good intentions of the gentlemen who compose your Assem- 
bly ; and therefore cannot believe that they meant to do me harm in sending me to the 
army ; and after premising this, I shall hesitate not a moment to acquaint you with the 
subject of my apprehensions and uneasiness, hoping from a continuance of good offices, 
to remove the prejudices and malicious insinuations of the malevolent against my 
character. 

I came into America with the consent of the French generals, and upon assurance 
that my services here would be agreeable to my country. I am obliged to render 
them an account of my conduct in the armies of the States. I could not do this better, 
than by informing them that through the recommendation and confidence of General 
Lee, the state of Rhode Island has honored me with the rank of brigadier general ; 
and I've just now received the general of Martinico's compliments thereupon. 

If the reputation of a French officer through the affection of his country for your cause, 
be absolutely established, by his fulfilling his duty in your armies, I beg you will consider 
how critical the situation the bare suspicion of the contrary must bring him into ; my dis- 
mission after five months' promotion, must necessarily leave some suspicions in a 
kingdom, where the spirit of honor and good conduct can alone recommend to, and 
maintain officers in posts and places. 

Be pleased to put a favorable construction on my inquietude. I know not what 
judgment the people in general of this continent may pass on these matters, unless I 
may be allowed to form an idea from the expressive letter which General Washington 
wrote upon the subject. 

Wherefore, since my services at Rhode Island have met with your approbation, per- 
mit me, through Your Honor, to ask a favor of the Assembly, that will be of infinite 
service to me. Your Honors dismissed me from the maxims of economy, and because 
you had but few troops. I entreat you will again honor me with the rank of brigadier 
general, without any pay, and without the least pretension of being employed by you, 
unless Your Honors should think proper to demand my services. This will be a rank 
merely honorary, which will confirm the distinction you formerly conferred on me, 
without any solicitation on my part. 

If the principles of your administration, sir, permit you to pay any attention to what 
so essentially concerns my reputation, and to grant my petition, be pleased to grant 
this rank to Monsieur Frangois de Malmedy, colonel. The Congress sent me this 
commission on the 10th May. In which case, there will be no degradation, and I shall 
enjoy in tranquillity the effects of your bounty. 

I am, with profound respect, honored sir, 

Your most obedient and very humble servant, 

(Signed) MALMEDY. 

To Honorable Governor Cooke. 



2G0 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [JUNE, 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, on the third 
Monday in June, 1777. 

His Excellency Nicholas Cooke, Governor. 
The Hon. William Bradford, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that Major Simeon Thayer be, 
and he is hereby, appointed to receive of Eoyzel Smith, late 
captain of a company in one of the Continental battalions, 
the enlistments of the men by him enlisted into the said 
battalions, or in the fifteen months regiments ; and an ac- 
count of the moneys by him received for the purposes afore- 
said ; and that the said Royzel Smith be, and is hereby, re- 
quired to deliver said enlistments, and render said account, 
accordingly ; and Major Thayer is further empowered to 
bring the said Royzel Smith to the town of Providence, in 
order that he may be examined before this Assembly, or a 
committee thereof. 

It is voted and resolved, that as often as either of the 
committees of safety are ready to have their accounts au- 
dited, that they lay them before the standing committee, 
who are hereby directed to receive and audit the same, and 
return them to the General Assembly, with the vouchers. 

It is voted and resolved, that £130, lawful money, be al- 
lowed to Joseph Clarke, Esq., general treasurer, for his ex- 
traordinary services the year past, exclusive of his salary. 

Whereas, Capt. Jabez Westcoat hath received £48 12s., 
of Capt. Thomas Carlile ; which sum hath been retained by 
the said Thomas, for the clothing, pay and billeting of cer- 
tain soldiers who have enlisted into the Continental bat- 
talions, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that said Westcoat 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 261 

settle with Major Simeon Thayer respecting the same ; and 
that Major Thayer render an account thereof, to this As- 
sembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that Cromel Child and Sylvester 
Child, Esqs., who were heretofore appointed to make in- 
quiry after the personal estate of William Vassall, Esq., and 
to make an inventory thereof, be, and they are hereby, em- 
powered in behalf of this state, to commence actions against 
John Waldron, dishing, Hezekiah Munro, and Ste- 
phen Mimro, for the recovery thereof; and also for the 
rents due from them, or either of them, for the real estates 
of the said William Vassall and Thomas Palmer. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. John Brown and 
John Jenckes, with the standing committee, be appointed a 
committee to count the money now in the treasury ; and 
that they make report to this Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that the standing committees 
forthwith make out an account of the sums of money ad- 
vanced by this state for the recruiting service, and the 
names of the officers to whom they were paid ; and that 
they make report to this Assembly, or, in the recess there* 
of, to the council of war, to the end that the same maybe trans- 
mitted to the pa}-master of the battalions in which they serve. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the said pay- 
masters, upon the receipt of said accounts, forthwith pro- 
cure a settlement thereof; and that they produce the same, 
with the vouchers, to this Assembly, or in the recess there- 
of, to the council of war. 

It is voted and resolved, that the rules and regulations 
ordered by Congress, for the Continental ships and vessels 
of war, be introduced into this state, for the government of 
all ships and vessels of war in the service thereof. 

That the commissioned officers of any vessel of war, or the 
major part of them, not consisting of less than three, be em- 
powered to hold courts martial for the trial of all non- 
commissioned officers and privates belonging thereto. 

And that the council of war, appointed to act in the re- 



262 RECORDS OF THE STATE OP RHODE ISLAND [JUNE, 

cess of the General Assembly, be empowered to hold courts 
martial upon any commissioned officer belonging to any 
ship or vessel of war in the service of this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that Col. George Irish be per- 
mitted to come before this Assembly on Thursday next, be- 
ing the 19th instant. 

Whereas, Major Hezekiah Bissell preferred a petition, and 
represented unto this Assembly, that he hath been applied 
to by the proprietors and owners of the powder mill in 
Windham, to procure for their use a quantity of rum, and to 
forward the same ; in consequence of which, he has, with much 
difficulty, obtained near one hundred gallons of West India 
and New England rum, and was about to remove the same ; 
but finds that, by a late act of this Assembly, that said arti- 
cles cannot be removed without permission first had for that 
purpose ; and thereupon prayed for liberty to remove the 
said rum from Providence to said Windham, without being 
considered as acting against the design of said embargo ; 
and further represented that he has been for some months 
past, possessed of about ten gallons of spirits, one barrel of 
sugar, and a few dozen of port wine, which he purchased for 
his family's use, and which he prayed might also be in- 
cluded in said permit ; and the j>remises being duly con- 
sidered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of the aforegoing 
petition be, and the same is hereby, granted. 

It is voted and resolved, that the price of salt, manufac- 
tured or imported within this state, be not limited in future ; 
any act to the contrary, notwithstanding. 

It is voted and resolved, that Major Pardon Gray distrib- 
ute the corn and barley in his hands, belonging to this state, 
to the poor inhabitants of the town of Tiverton ; barley at 
three shillings and sixpence per bushel ; and corn to the 
families of the soldiers, at three shillings and sixpence 
per bushel ; and to all others at four shillings per bushel ; 
and that he account therefor to this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Ebenezer Harris be per- 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 263 

mitted to carry a hogshead of sugar (which he bought of 
Mr. Joseph Whipple before the state bill was passed) from 
Providence, to the house of Mr. John Greene (son of 
Thomas), in Coventry, within this state. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, chose 
the following officers, in the brigade raising by this state, 
for fifteen months, to wit : 

Officers Chosen for the Brigade. 

William Barton, Esq., lieutenant colonel ; Nathaniel Haw- 
kins, Esq., major, of the first regiment. 

Archibald Crary, Esq., colonel ; John Topham, Esq., 
lieutenant colonel ; James Williams, major, of the second 
regiment. 

Peleg Hoxsie and Benjamin Hoppin, captains in Colonel 
Stanton's regiment, 

John Carr and Benajah Whipple, captains in Col. Crary's 
regiment. 

Officers Chosen for the First Regiment. 

William Gardner, first lieutenant, in Captain Hoxsie's 
company. 

William Whipple, first lieutenant, in Captain Phillips's 
company. 

Christopher Phillips, second lieutenant, in Capt, Phillips's 
company. 

Christopher Champlin, second lieutenant, in Capt, Dyer's 
company. 

Joshua Babcock, second lieutenant, in Capt, Thompson's 
company. 

George Tennant, second lieutenant, in Captain Hoppen's 
company. 

John Welch, ensign in Capt. Hoxsie's company. 

Newman Herring, ensign, in Capt. Phillips's company. 

Randall Rice, ensign, in Capt. Dyer's company. 



264 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [JUNE, 

Andrew Stanton, ensign, in Capt. Thompson's company. 
Thomas Parker, ensign, in Capt, Gibbs's company. 
Arnold Bentley, ensign, in Capt, Hammett's company. 

Officers Chosen for the Second Regiment. 

Nathan Olney, first lieutenant, in Capt. Carr's company. 

Zadock Williams, first lieutenant, in Captain Whipple's 
company. 

Nathan Carpenter, first lieutenant, in Captain Riggs's 
company. 

Benjamin Walcutt, first lieutenant, in Captain Ballou's 
company. 

Jacob Belknap, second lieutenant, in Captain Ballou's 
company. 

Daniel Sheldon, second lieutenant in Captain Whipple's 
company. 

Aaron Wilbur, Jr., second lieutenant, in Captain Man- 
chester's company. 

Alexander Thomas, second lieutenant, in Capt, Riggs's 
company. 

Eleazar Randall, ensign, in Capt, Whipple's company. 

Benjamin Wilcox, ensign, in Capt, Manchester's company. 

Mathew Maxson, Jr., ensign, in Capt. Parker's company. 

Simeon Dexter, ensign, in Capt. Ballou's company. 

Reuben Read, ensign, in Capt, Carr's company. 

Elijah Armstrong, ensign, in Capt, Allen's company. 

Joseph Cornell, ensign, in the Continental battalion raised 
by this state, under the command of Col. Greene, in the 
room of Nathaniel Phillips, who hath resigned. 

It is voted and resolved, that a hogshead of rum, belong- 
ing to Mr. Samuel Dunn, Jr., lately seized in the town of 
North Providence, and stored in the house of Mr. Jonathan 
Jenckes, Jr., be delivered the said Samuel ; and that he be 
permitted to carry the same to Boston, for the stores of two 
vessels bound from thence to France. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Jacob Greene be, and 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 265 

he is hereby, permitted to send upon Block Island a boat, 
in order to bring off a negro boy belonging to General 
Greene ; and that the boat depart under the care, direction 
and inspection of Col. Joseph Noyes. 

Whereas, John Northup and Sylvester Gardner, Esqs., 
preferred a petition, and represented unto this Assembly, 
that Stukely Westcoat, collector of rates for the town of 
North Kingstown, was taken and carried by the enemy, 
from said town, to the island of Rhode Island ; that great 
difficulty has since arisen in collecting the rates within said 
town, as no account can be had from whom they have been 
collected by the said Westcoat ; and thereupon, the peti- 
tioners, agreeably to a vote of said town, requested this As- 
sembly to empower James Congclon, the present collector 
of rates within said town, to administer an oath or affirma- 
tion to any person who appears to be indebted for any rates 
within said town, and who cannot otherwise make it appear 
that he hath paid the same, that he hath well and truly 
paid and satisfied the said rates to the said Stutely West- 
coat ; and if any person shall refuse to take said oath or affir- 
mation, that the said James Congdon be empowered to col- 
lect said rates agreeably to law. 

And the premises being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of the said peti- 
tion be, and the same is hereby, granted. 

Major John Nelson having exhibited unto this Assembly 
an account, by him charged against the state, for the wages 
and expenses of three companies of men, belonging to Col. 
Sproat's regiment, who marched from Middleborough, in the 
county of Plymouth, and state of the Massachusetts Bay, to 
Tiverton, in order to go as volunteers in an expedition on 
Rhode Island, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said account be referred 
to Mr. John Smith, who is empowered to pay so much there- 
of, as shall appear to him to be due, to the said Major John 
Nelson. 



266 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [JUNE, 

Whereas, Messrs. Joseph Hoxsie, Gideon Hoxsie and 
James Babcock, Jr., presented nnto this Assembly the fol- 
lowing report and account, to wit : 

Report of the Committee. 

We, the subscribers, being by the General Assembly, at their session in South 
Kingstown, on the 21st clay of May last, appointed a committee to receive of Mr. Silas 
Niles the stock belonging to the farm lately improved by him, agreeably to the lease 
and schedule he received from the state, do report : 

That, in obedience to said appointment, we have received of the said Silas Niles the 
stock belonging to said farm, which is agreeably to his lease and schedule ; and have 
delivered the same to Messrs. Stephen Champlin and Job Watson. 

All which is submitted to Your Honors, by your humble servants, 

JOSEPH HOXSIE, JAMES BABCOCK, JR., 

GIDEON HOXSIE, Committee. 

It is voted and resolved, that Henry Ward, Jonathan Ar- 
nold, Joshua Babcock, Esek Hopkins and Paul Mumford, 
Esqrs., be a committee, to draught a letter in answer to the 
one received from Sir Peter Parker. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Stephen Jenckes be re- 
quested to examine the beef and pork in his possession, be- 
longing to this state ; and if necessary, that he have the 
same re-packed. 

It is voted and resolved, that Samuel Haley be, and he is 
hereby, permitted to carry a barrel of sugar, from the town 
of Providence, to the. state of Connecticut, for the use of his 
family, who have lately removed from this state. 

Whereas, Col. George Irish preferred a petition, and rep- 
resented unto this Assembly, that he conceives his being 
confined, and restrained of his liberty, is a grievance, and 
great damage to him and to the public ; he being conscious 
that he ever was, and still is, a friend to his native country, 
and at all times ready and willing to give his assistance for 
the defence of it ; and that he conceives nothing has ap- 
peared against him, if taken in the most unfavorable light, 
sufficient to continue his confinement, although it might be 
thought expedient when done ; and thereupon prayed this 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 267 

Assembly to take his distressed situation into consideration, 
and grant him his liberty ; and the premises being duly 
considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of said petition 
be granted, upon his, the said George Irish, giving his pa- 
role that he will not go off the main land, without leave 
from His Honor the Governor, or the council of war. 

Whereas, Major Simeon Thayer, who was appointed to 
bring Mr. Royzel Smith before this Assembly, presented 
unto this Assembly the following report, written upon a 
copy of his appointment, to wit : 

Report 

Pursuant to the resolution of the General Assembly, I proceeded to the town of Hop- 
kinton, the usual place of the said Royzel Smith's abode, the said Smith being absent 
and gone to Stonington ; to which place I proceeded and found him, and have him 
now in custody. 

He saith he is ready now to account for his conduct, before the General Assembly, 
or the council of war, or any committee that shall be appointed for that purpose. 

And the said report being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
accepted ; and that the said Royzel Smith settle with Chas. 
Holden, paymaster to one of the Continental battalions 
raising within this state, for the money received of him for 
recruiting said battalion ; and with Mr. John Smith, for the 
money received of him for recruiting in the fifteen months' 
service. 

It is voted and resolved, that Peter Phillips, Esq., be em- 
powered to draw £500, lawful money, out of the general 
treasury, to discharge the rations, mileage, &c, of the sol- 
diers ; the said Peter Phillips to return the same, on de- 
mand. 

It is voted and resolved, that the council of war be, and 
they are hereby, empowered, in the recess of the General 
Assembly, to pass and allow such accounts, as may be pro- 
duced to them for payment, as appear reasonable ; such ac- 
counts first passing the standing committee, or either of 



268 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [JUNE, 

them ; and being certified in the usual manner, previous to 
their allowance. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Thomas Crab and Doct. 
Tappen be, and they are hereby, permitted with their teams, 
containing thirty hogsheads of rum, thirty hogsheads of su- 
gar, one cask of Jesuits's bark, and two boxes of medicine, 
which were purchased in the state of the Massachusetts 
Bay, for the use of the Continental army, to pass through 
this state, into the state of Connecticut, unmolested ; any 
law to the contrary, notwithstanding. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sugar now in the pos- 
session of this state, late belonging to Messrs. George Gibbs 
and Francis Brinley, be retained for the use of the troops 
raised by this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Joseph Lawrence be 
permitted to remove fifteen hogsheads of brown, and six of 
loaf sugar, in his possession, belonging to Mr. Halstead, to 
the town of Johnston. 

Both houses in a grand committee, made choice of the 
following officers, to wit : 

Officers Chosen for the Militia. 

John Handy, brigade major, in the fifteen months' brig- 
ade, raising by this state. 

Simeon Martin, adjutant of Col. Crary's regiment. 

Jonathan Hayes, second lieutenant ; Samuel Snow, third 
lieutenant, in Capt. Jabez Westcoat's company. 

Amos Jilson, captain-lieutenant ; Uriah Westcoat, first 
lieutenant ; Isaac Pitman, second lieutenant ; Wm. Badger, 
third lieutenant, in Capt. Gideon Westcoat's company. 

William Nightingale, first lieutenant ; William Page, sec- 
ond lieutenant ; Joseph West, third lieutenant, in Capt. Gar- 
zia's company. 

John Baker, first lieutenant ; Christopher Robinson, sec- 
ond lieutenant ; Squire Howe, third lieutenant, in Captain 
Adams's company. 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 269 

Ebenezer Spencer, Esq., major, of the first regiment of mi- 
litia, for the county of Kent, in the room of Thomas Tilling- 
hast, Esq., who resigns. 

William Hall, captain ; John Shaw, lieutenant, of the first 
company in East Greenwich. 

Gideon Harris, ensign, of the third company of militia, in 
the town of Scituate, in the room of Samuel Angell, who 
declines. 

John Eddy, captain ; Stephen Olney, lieutenant ; John 
Bowcn, ensign, of the first company of militia, in the town 
of Glocester. 

Joseph Mauran, captain of the row> galley Washington. 

In Council was read the return of Joseph Hawkins, Jr., 
being appointed ensign, of the company of North Provi- 
dence Rangers ; which being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that said choice be, and hereby 
is, approved. 

It is voted and resolved, that the act laying an embargo 
on vessels within this state be, and the same is hereby, re- 
pealed, 

Provided nevertheless, that no rum, sugar, molasses, cot- 
ton-wool, coffee, tanned leather, sheep's wool, sheep, butter 
and cheese, or any such other articles as are prohibited by 
Congress from being exported, shall be carried out of this 
state, in any vessel, under any pretence whatever, unless a 
permit therefor, shall be granted by this Assembly, or, in 
the recess thereof, by the council of war. 

That if any person shall be convicted of having carried, 
or attempted to carry, out of this state, any of the afore- 
mentioned articles, he shall forfeit the articles so carried, or 
attempted to be carried, out of this state ; one-half thereof, 
to the prosecutor, and the other half to and for the use of 
this state ; to be recovered by bill, plaint or information. 

It is voted and resolved, that the small arms heretofore 
purchased by this state, for such persons as should be ad- 
judged unable to furnish themselves therewith, be delivered 
to the committees of safety, for the use of the fifteen 



270 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [JuNE, 

months' battalions, and train of artillery, raising within this 
state. 

Whereas, an additional bounty of £6, lawful money, was 
allowed at the last session of this Assembly, to each non- 
commissioned officer and private who should enlist into the 
fifteen months' brigade raising by this state, before the 10th 
day of June instant ; which time hath elapsed ; and where- 
as, the said brigade is as yet not filled, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that said additional 
bounty of £6, be allowed to each non-commissioned officer 
and private, who shall enlist into the said brigade, within 
twenty days from and after the rising of this Assembly. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that no person ap- 
pointed an officer in the said brigade, at this Assembly, be 
commissioned, or be entitled to pay or rations as an officer, 
until he shall have enlisted the number of men according to 
his rank, as hereafter mentioned, within twenty days after 
the rising of this Assembly, to wit : 

A captain, twenty men ; a first lieutenant, sixteen men ; 
a second lieutenant, twelve men ; and an ensign, ten men ; 
and make return thereof, to the council of war, or, if sitting, 
to this Assembly ; and upon making such return, that he 
shall be commissioned, and entitled to pay and rations, from 
the time of his appointment. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that a copy hereof, 
be forthwith transmitted to each of the colonels in the 
said brigade. 

It is voted and resolved, that five vessels be immediately 
purchased in behalf of this state ; that two of them be fitted 
out as armed vessels to cruise against the enemies of the 
United States ; and three, as merchantmen, to import such 
articles as the council of war shall direct. 

That the said council of war be empowered to appoint a 
committee, to purchase and fit out said vessels ; that the 
same be done under their direction and inspection, as soon 
as may be ; and that said committee be allowed such com- 
missions as the said council of war shall agree on, not ex- 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 271 

ceeding two and one-half per cent, for transacting the 
business. 

It is voted and resolved, that £100 be allowed, and paid 
out of the general treasury, to the Honorable Nicholas 
Cooke, Esq., Governor of this state, for his salary and extra- 
ordinary services the last year. 

It is voted and resolved, that £50 per year be allowed, 
and paid out of the general treasury, to the Honorable 
William Bradford, Esq., Deputy Governor, for his salary 
and extraordinary services, from the 9th day of October, 
A. D. 1775, until the general eleetion in May last. 

Whereas, the committee, who were appointed to prepare 
the draught of a letter to the delegates of this state, in Con- 
gress, laid before this Assembly a draught of said letter ; 
which being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
. approved ; and that a fair copy thereof be made, signed by 
His Honor the Governor, and immediately forwarded. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. Charles Holden, Jr., 
and Jonathan Hazard, paymasters to the two battalions rais- 
ing by this state, for the Continental service, be, and they 
are hereby, appointed storekeepers for their respective bat- 
talions, to receive and sell out to the officers and soldiers 
thereof, such articles of supply as may be furnished by this 
state, at the stated prices and cost of transportation. 

That they account for whatever articles they shall re- 
ceive, to this state, from time to time, when demanded ; and 
that, for their care and trouble, in this behalf, they be al- 
lowed each £6 per month, and two rations per day. 

Whereas, by an act of this Assembly, for preventing mo- 
nopoly and oppression, the several towns within this state 
were directed to appoint three, five, or seven persons, within 
their respective towns, before the 10th day of June instant, 
who were to be under oath to prosecute all breaches of said 
act which should come to their knowledge ; and whereas, 
many towns did not appoint said persons until after said 



272 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [JUNE, 

time had elapsed, and others have not yet appointed per- 
sons agreeably to said act, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the persons who 
have been elected and sworn for the purposes mentioned in 
said act, since said time hath elapsed, be empowered to exe- 
cute the office to which they are appointed, agreeably to 
said act. 

And the towns who have not elected the persons agreea- 
bly to said act, are directed and empowered to elect said 
persons for the purposes therein mentioned, within five 
days after the rising of this Assembly, upon the penalty of 
£200, lawful money, to be recovered for the use of this 
state, by the general treasurer thereof, by bill, plaint or in- 
formation, in any court of record within this state ; any 
thing in said act to the contrary, notwithstanding. 

Voted and resolved, that the following accounts be paid 
out of the general treasury, viz. : 

Bills Ordered to he Paid. 

£ s. d. 

Thomas Allin, for cleaning arms, making bayonets, ram-rods, &c 18 02 02 

Dr. William Bowen, for taking care of a sick soldier, at Pawtuxet 5 18 00 

David Dexter, for medical attendance on his son Ensign Samuel Dexter . . 19 17 00 
Dr. Reuben Mason, for his services as surgeon to General William West's 

brigade 7 16 00 

Philip Paine, for paper for making a book of records, for the secretary's 

office 2 00 00 

Daniel Mo wry, for twenty-six guns and bayonets, purchased by order of the 

town council of Smithfield, for the poor inhabitants of that town 109 04 00 

Jeremiah Wilcox, for storage and deliveries of salt, belonging to the state . . 12 02 06 

Stephen Jenckes, for repairs of Pawtucket Bridge 36 00 00 

Elijah Bacon, for expense of express to Taunton and Dighton 1 11 06 

Rev. James Manning, for posts, rails and stakes, taken by soldiers, for fuel . 18 00 00 
John Brown, for sulphur, and medicines purchased by him, by order of the 

council of war 845 02 00 

James Waterman, for boarding nine prisoners of war 42 08 08 

Paul Tew, for taking care of the court house, and furnishing wood and 

candles 32 04 04 

Josias Lyndon, for services as clerk of the house 4 07 02 

Thomas Greene, for services as one of the audit committee 13 16 00 

Thomas Wells, authorized to draw on account of bounty to soldiers 372 00 00 

Joshua Babcock, " " " " " 468 00 00 

John Northup, one of the committee of safety, anthorized to draw for 500 00 00 

God save the United States of America. 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 273 

The Governor of Rhode Island to William Ellery and Henry Mar* 
c/tant, Delegates in the Continental Congress. 

Providence, June 22d, 1777. 

Gentlemen: — The prodigious expenses of so considerable a body of men as we have 
been, and are, obliged to keep up, to defend the country against that part of the enemy 
who are in possession of Rhode Island, and the necessary supplies to the other troops 
stationed in this government, together with the large sums expended upon our Conti- 
nental battalions, have so tar exhausted our treasury, that unless we obtain assistance 
from Congress, we shall very soon be constrained to add a new emission to the floods 
of paper bills already circulating. 

We have now in the treasury only between £30,000 and .£40,000, which we suppose 
will be paid out before it will be possible to receive supplies from Philadelphia. You 
are fully sensible of the almost irreparable mischiefs that have been already occasioned 
by such large emissions of bills, and of the fatal consequences that will attend further 
emissions. Indeed, every one is at length convinced of the absolute necessity of les- 
sening their quantity. 

We therefore direct you to make immediate application to Congress, for a supply of 
£00,000, to be paid to the order of this Assembly, or of the council of war ; and to use 
your utmost endeavors to obtain it. Our demands upon Congress for such expendi- 
tures as are properly Continental charges, since our accounts were last forwarded, 
amount to near that sum ; our accounts we will transmit as soon as possible. 

Should it be thought proper, an order upon the Continental loan office, in this state, 
will be the most expeditious mode of supply, and will save us the expense and risk of 
bringing the money from Philadelphia. In this case, it will be necessary to transmit 
more blank notes to the commissioner, as those he hath received, are already disposed 
of. We are, gentlemen, 

Your most humble servants, 

NICHOLAS COOKE, 

To Hon. William Ellery and Henry Marchant, Esqs. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, on Mon- 
day, the 1th clay of July, 1777. 

His Excellency Nicholas Cooke, Governor. 
The Hon. William Bradford, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, Mr. Joseph Bennett, of New Providence, in the 
county of Berkshire, and state of Massachusetts Bay, pre- 
ferred a petition, and represented unto this Assembly, that 

vol. viii. 35 



274 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [JULY, 

on or about the 5th day of November, 1776, he purchased 
in the town of Providence a number of casks of rum, sugar 
and salt, with some other small articles, and on his return 
home, engaged three teams to transport the said goods ; but 
through misfortune, one of the teams failed, and he had only 
two loads transported ; by which means, one hogshead of 
salt, one tierce of sugar, and some small articles were left in 
Providence, until some time in the winter past, when he 
sent a team for the remaining articles, but obtained only 
the hogshead of salt, by reason that his friend had sent the 
sugar and other articles into the country for safety ; that 
he stands in great need of said sugar for his own family's 
use, and has procured a team, which is now waiting to trans- 
port the same ; and thereupon prayed this Assembly to 
grant him liberty to remove the same out of this state ; and 
the premises being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of said petition 
be, and the same is hereby, granted ; and that the petitioner 
be permitted to remove the said tierce of sugar and other 
small articles into the state of the Massachusetts Bay, or 
any other of the United States, without molestation. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Isaac Hilyard be, and 
he is hereby, permitted to remove two hogsheads of sugar 
from the town of Tiverton into Connecticut ; the same hav- 
ing been purchased and brought from the state of Massa- 
chusetts into this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that the standing committee 
forthwith make out an account of the monies expended for 
the use of the prisoners of war, and of the sums paid to 
them by this state ; and that they make report to this As- 
sembly, or in the recess thereof, to the council of war, that 
the same may be transmitted to the board of war, in Phil- 
adelphia, agreeably to a resolve of Congress. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committee of safety 
within this state be, and they are hereby, empowered and 
directed, immediately to collect the guns, bayonets and car- 
touch-boxes, belonging to this state, and not appropriated to 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 275 

the several towns, and therewith furnish the fifteen months' 
brigade, raising within this state ; and if said guns, bayonets 
and cartouch-boxes, should not be sufficient for the purpose 
aforesaid, that they collect so many of the guns, bayonets 
and cartouch-boxes, appropriated to the several towns, as 
shall be necessary for supplying the deficiency ; and the 
persons in the several towns who are possessed of the said 
appropriated guns, &c, are directed to deliver the same, ac- 
cordingly. 

It is voted and resolved, that the several towns within 
this state be, and they are hereby, permitted to erect hos- 
pitals within their respective towns, for the purpose of inoc- 
ulating for the small pox, under the regulations and restric- 
tions contained in an act heretofore made and passed 
granting permission for erecting hospitals for the purpose 
aforesaid. 

It is voted and resolved, that for the future, when the 
companies of the militia and alarm-list within this state, or 
draughts or detachments thereof, shall be called out to 
duty, and the number of each company, draught or detach- 
ment, shall not exceed twenty-four rank and file, it shall be 
in the power of the commanding officer of the regiment to 
which they respectively belong, to incorporate them into 
companies during the time of their service, and direct the 
attendance of such commissioned officers as shall comport 
with the number of the companies so incorporated, agreea- 
bly to a resolve of this Assembly, of the 20th of April last 
(allowing, where the case will admit, one commissioned offi- 
cer, at least, to each town), and to dismiss all supernumerary 
officers, who may attend with such draughts, detachments, 
or companies, before they enter on duty. 

It is voted and resolved, that Henry Ward, Esq., be, and 
he is hereby, appointed to proceed immediately to the state 
of Massachusetts Bay, to represent to the General Assembly 
of said state the deplorable condition and circumstances of 
this government, and to urge the most pressing instances 
for immediate and effectual assistance. 



276 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [JuLY, 

It is voted and resolved, that William Vincent, Esq., be, 
and he is hereby, appointed to repair the bridge in West- 
erly, dividing between this and the state of Connecticnt. 

That he from time to time keep in repair such part of 
said bridge as belongeth to this state to keep up and main- 
tain ; and that he make report thereof, to this Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that the non-commissioned offi- 
cers and privates in the train of artillery, be not permitted 
in future to enlist into the Continental battalions ; any re- 
solve to the contrary, notwithstanding. 

It is voted and resolved, that a committee of three per- 
sons be appointed in behalf of this state, to meet committees 
from the General Assemblies of the states of New Hamp- 
shire, Massachsetts Bay, Connecticut and New York, at the 
town of Springfield, in the county of Hampshire, in the 
state of Massachusetts Bay, on the thirtieth day of this in- 
stant July, in case said Assemblies shall think fit to appoint 
such committees ; then and there to hold a conference re- 
specting the state of the paper currency of the said states ; 
of the expediency of calling in the same by taxes, or other- 
wise ; of the most effectual, expeditious and equal method 
of doing it, and to consult upon the best means for prevent- 
ing the depreciation and counterfeiting the same ; and also 
to consider what is joroper to be done with respect to the 
acts lately made to prevent monopoly and oppression, and 
to confer upon the late acts for preventing the transporta- 
tion by land of certain articles from one state to another ; 
and to consider such ©ther matters as concern the immedi- 
ate welfare of said states, and are not repugnant to, or in- 
terfering with the powers and authorities of the Continental 
Congress ; and particularly to consider of, and solicit some 
more sure and effectual method to keep up a sufficient army 
to oppose that bod}' of the enemy which is now in posses- 
sion of the island of Rhode Island ; and that they report the 
result oftheir conference to this General Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that one of tho divisions, con- 
sisting of the one-sixth part of the independent and alarm 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 277 

companies and militia heretofore draughted, and one-half 
of a division, be immediately called upon actual duty. 

That the field officers of the several regiments of militia, 
and commanders of independent and alarm companies, call 
upon duty the division which is next in order to the divi- 
sion which last did duty, agreeably to said draught ; and 
one-half of the next succeeding division, to be draughted 
under the direction of said field officers and commanders of 
companies. 

That they continue in service for the space of fifteen 
days, and be relieved at the expiration of said time, by the 
other half of said division, and one other division, in the or- 
der in which said divisions were drawn, to continue in ser- 
vice during said time ; and that the divisions on actual duty 
from time to time, be relieved and do duty in manner as is 
before directed. 

It is further voted and resolved, that a bounty of ten shil- 
lings, lawful money, be allowed to each non-commissioned 
officer and soldier who hath been draughted, and shall do 
duty, as aforesaid. 

And further, that all fines which shall be incurred for de- 
linquency, after deducting the costs and fees for collecting 
the same, shall be equally divided among the non-commis- 
sioned officers and soldiers doing duty, who belong to the 
same town with the delinquents who shall neglect to do 
duty. 

It is further voted and resolved, that in case any officer 
or soldier in each division, who was draughted as aforesaid, 
shall neglect to appear at the time and place ordered by his 
respective superior officer or commander, either by himself 
or a good, able-bodied and suitable person in his stead, com- 
pletely equipped with arms and accoutrements, to enter 
upon and perform such military duty as shall be enjoined 
him, he shall be liable to pay as a fine for each clay's neg- 
lect, the sum of five shillings, lawful money ; to be levied 
and collected by warrant of distress, from the captain or 



278 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [JuLY, 

other commanding officer of the company for the time 
being, directed to the clerk, unless the person so deficient, 
shall, before the expiration of said fifteen days, pay to the said 
captain or commanding officer of said company to which he 
belongs, the fine due for his not appearing, as aforesaid. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the several 
commanders of the respective companies who were draught- 
ed, as aforesaid, cause their several companies to be com- 
pletely equipped with arms, and every other necessary ac- 
coutrement ; and if any in said company, who have been 
adjudged by the town council in their respective towns, to 
be unable to furnish themselves therewith, shall appear not 
duly equipped, the commanders of said companies are di- 
rected to apply to said town councils, who are hereby em- 
powered and directed to furnish them with arms and accou- 
trements, agreeably to the resolve of this Assembly. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the secretary 
immediately transmit copies hereof, to the several colonels 
of militia, and commanders of independent and alram com- 
panies, within this state. 

Names of Commissioners from Rhode Island to meet at Springfield, 
and of Officers for the Militia, Chosen. 

Both houses in a grand committee, made choice of the 
Honorable Stephen Hopkins, Esq., the Honorable William 
Bradford, Esq., and Paul Mumford, Esq., to be a committe, 
to meet committees of the other New England states, and 
New York, at Springfield, on the 30th of July current, 

Abraham Andrews, second lieutenant, in Captain Riggs's 
company, in Col. Crary's regiment, in the room of Alexander 
Thomas, who resigns. 

Joseph Chace, ensign, in said company, in the room of 
Andrews, advanced. 

Whereas, Joseph Drake, late of New Rochelle, in the state 
of New York, Esq., represented to this Assembly, that the 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 279 

day the enemy took possession of that place, he was obliged 
to abandon his house and stores, with the greatest part of 
his effects, to the ravages of the enemy. 

That in September last, he purchased in this state about 
forty-two hogsheads of sugar, in order to carry them into the 
state of New York ; of which, for want of conveyance, he 
was obliged to leave twenty-two hogsheads in Providence. 

That by a late act, laying a prohibition upon certain 
enumerated articles, he is prevented from the removal there- 
of; and that the sugars aforesaid, are intended for the sup- 
ply of the army, and the inhabitants of the state of New 
York ; and thereupon prayed this Assembly to grant him 
liberty to remove the sugars aforesaid, into the said state of 
New York ; and the premises being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of said petition 
be, and the same is hereby, granted. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Smith deliver to 
Col. James Babcock two hundred flints, for the use of the 
town of Westerly ; and two hundred flints to Mr. Benjamin 
Tillinghast, for the town of West Greenwich. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Smith deliver to 
Major Richard Bailey four hundred flints, for the use of the 
town of Richmond. 

This Assembly having heretofore passed acts empowering 
the officers of the two Continental frigates in this state to 
impress seamen for the said ships upon an extraordinary 
occasion, which hath now ceased, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the said acts be, 
and they are hereby, repealed. 

This Assembly taking into consideration the great atten- 
tion and assiduity with which Simeon Thayer, Esq., hath 
executed the office of major of the second Continental bat- 
talion raising by this state, and being willing to reward 
merit, — 

Do resolve, that Mr. John Smith, one of the committee of 
safety, be, and he is hereby, directed to procure a genteel 
silver-hilted sword, and present the same to the said Simeon 



280 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [JULY, 

Thayer, as a testimony of the sense this Assembly hath of 
his services. 

Voted and resolved, that the following accounts be paid 
out of the general treasury, viz. : 

Bills Ordered to be Paid. 

£ s. d. 

Charles Holden, for supplies furnished a company of volunteers 25 17 00 

Col. Israel Angell, on account of transportation • 4 06 09 

Simeon Thayer, bounty for enlisting one hundred and twenty seven men 

for the Continental battalion 50 16 00 

Pardon Gray, for enlisting twenty-three men for brigade, and payment 

taken 276 00 00 

God save the United States of America. 



Jeremiah Powell, of Massachusetts, to the Governor of Rhode 
Island. 

State of Massachusetts Bay, i 

Council Chamber, Boston, July 2d, 1777. \ 

Sir : — The General Assembly of this state, taking into their consideration the state 
of the bills of credit emitted by this and the neighboring governments, and finding the 
measures that have already been adopted, particularly the act for preventing monopoly 
and oppression, and fixing the rates at which certain articles shall be sold at, have not 
effectually answered the purpose of supporting the credit of said bills, or preventing 
their depreciation, have chosen a committee to meet such committees, as may be ap- 
pointed by the states of New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut and New York, 
on the 30th day of July next, at the town of Springfield, in the county of Hampshire, 
within this state, to confer together upon this interesting subject, and consider what steps 
can be taken effectually to support the credit of the public currencies, and prevent their 
being counterfeited ; and to confer upon such other matters as are particular^ men- 
tioned in the resolve enclosed. 

This is a matter of great importance ; and as the several New England States and 
the state of New York are so intimately connected with respect to their currencies, and 
have so great a commercial intercourse with each other, it appears highly expedient 
and necessary they should confer and consult upon the several matters above referred 
to, in order that they may, as near as possible, pursue one and the same plan for re- 
dressing those evils and for accommodating each other in every way consistent with 
the public safety. 

It is not doubted, therefore, that you will concur with us in this measure, and we 
should be glad to hear from you upon the subject as soon as possible. 
In the name and behalf of the General Assembly, 

I am, sir, your most obedient, humble servant, 

JER. POWELL, President. 

To the Hon. Nicholas Cooke, Esq. 

P. S. We have addressed the Honorable Congress on the occasion and subject of 
this conference, in order to obviate any misconstructions of the same. 



1777.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 281 



General Washington to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Morristown, July 7th, 1777. 

Sir : — I make no doubt but before this, you will have heard that the enemy have 
evacuated Jersey. This information I should have done myself the pleasure of trans- 
mitting you by the first opportunity after the event, had not my attention been em- 
ployed in making a new disposition of the army, and had I apprehended it materially 
interesting that it should have come immediately from myself. 

When Gen. Howe withdrew his forces from this state, and went to Staten Island, 
from the intelligence received at that time from Gen. St. Clair, at Ticonderoga, that 
the Canada army were on the lake, and approaching that post ; and from every other 
circumstance, it appeared extremely probable, nay, almost certain to me, and to all the 
generals and other officers possessed of the facts, that Gen. Howe's first and immedi- 
ate movement would be up the North River ; and that the two armies meant to co- 
operate and favor each other's attack. This, I say, was my opinion, and that of my 
officers at that time, from a full consideration of the intelligence we then had. But I 
confess, however satisfied I was then upon this subject, I am now in extreme doubt 
respecting his intended operations. 

Having heard nothing from Ticonderoga since the 26th ult., nor any further ac- 
counts of the enemy's approach in that quarter, we are left to conjecture whether 
their appearance on the lake was with a view to a real and serious attack, or whether 
to amuse and draw our attention that way, while a stroke is meditating against some 
other place. This uncertainty is rendered considerably greater, by the concurrent ac- 
counts of deserters, who have escaped from New York and Staten Island, in the course 
of a few days past. From their information, and a variety of circumstances, such as 
that berths are fitting up for the light horse on board the transports ; provender taken 
in, and providing for three or four weeks ; the embarkation of the officers' baggage, 
with their names and corps endorsed ; the ships watering, &c, it would seem more 
probable that Gen. Howe has in contemplation some other object than the North 
River. Whether he has, or what it is, however, is yet entirely unknown. 

I have thought it my duty, nevertheless, to give you this information, that if he 
should once more turn his arms against the Eastern States, you may not be taken by 
surprise ; and that matters may be put in the best train circumstances will admit, to re- 
ceive him. 

On my part, no exertions in my power shall be wanting to counteract his plans 
wheresoever they are directed, and to render every service compatible with our gen- 
eral line of defence, and the interest of the states at large. 

I have the honor to be, with great respect, sir, 

Your most obedient servant, 

GEO. WASHINGTON. 

To the Honorable Nicholas Cooke. 

Brig. Gen. F. Smith, to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Newport, Rhode Island, i 
July 12th, 1777. } 
Sir : — Major General Prescott, having become a prisoner of yours, and having been 
carried off this island without any necessaries with him, I take the liberty to send hia 
servant and such things as he may immediately want, presuming that he may be in- 
VOL. Till. 36 



282 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [JULY, 

indulged with the use of them ; and not doubting that he will be treated with that at- 
tention which his rank and distinction claims. 

I am, sir, your most obedient, humble servant, 

F. SMITH, Brig. Gen'l. 

P. S. I have charged Capt. Barry, of the 52d regiment, with the delivery of this 
letter, who, I hope, may be permitted to see Gen. Prescott. 
To Nicholas Cooke, Esq., &c, &c, &c. 

Capt. Henry Barry to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

, July 12th, 1777. 

Sir : — I having the honor to be charged with dispatches from Brig. Gen. Smith, for 
you; and having it in command, with your permission, to deliver them myself, I must 
therefore request the favor of seeing you, and receiving what answer you may be 
pleased to return. I have the honor to be with respect, sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

HENRY BARRY. 
To Nicholas Cooke, Esq., &c, &c, &c. 

Stephen Hopkins to Capt. Barry. 

In Council, July 12, 1777. 
Sir : — The Governor is not in town, and it will be some days before he will be here ; 
the gentlemen whom we have sent to negotiate business with you, by cartel, have not 
been permitted to land in Newport ; therefore you will not be suffered to come on 
shore. 

Any letters or messages you are charged with, if you deliver them to Capt. Whip- 
ple, they will be duly answered by us. I am, &c. &c, 

S. HOPKINS, Pres't pro tern. 
To Capt. Barry. 

Capt. Barry to Stephen Hopkins. 

On board the Providence, > 
July 13, 1777. \ 

Sir: — I have received your letter of yesterday, in answer to mine of the same date, 
and must own I feel myself in some degree disappointed in not being suffered on 
shore ; especially, as to the desire of personally delivering Gen. Smith's letter. 

I had a wish to have seen General Prescott, and received any commands of a private 
and family nature he might consider necessary to give me ; and this, I feel assured, 
is a favor, if any ways proper, you would readily grant to a gentleman of his rank, and 
in his situation. 

I herewith transmit you Brigadier General Smith's letter, and wait for your reply ; 
and then, if not permitted to land, shall immediately proceed to Newport. 
I have the honor to be, with respect, sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

HENRY BARRY. 
To Stephen Hopkins, Esq., &c, &c, &c, 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 283 



Stephen Hopkins to Capt. Barry. 

Providence, July 13th, 1777. 

Sir : — Yours, of this date, together with a letter from Gen. Smith, was delivered by 
Capt. Whipple. 

I am sorry that such a line of conduct has been observed, as to make it not admissi- 
ble for you to come on shore. Lieut. D'Auvergne, from Sir Peter Parker, was per- 
mitted to be on shore in Providence, and walk the streets ; in return, the gentlemen 
we sent were stopped by your ships, which is the only reason that prevents the grati- 
fication of your request. 

Your letter to Gen. Prescott is delivered him, who is now at private lodgings, upon 
his parole. I am, sir, your humble servant, 

ST. HOPKINS. 

To Capt. Barry. 

Henry Marchani, Delegate in the Continental Congress, to the 
Governor of Rhode Island. 

Philadelphia, July 13th, 1777. 

Honored Sir : — I wrote the Governor and Company by the last post, and enclosed 
them an order of Congress upon the loan office, state of Rhode Island, &c, for §190,- 
000, which I hope will come to hand. 

I now enclose Your Honor the resolves of the marine committee, passed March the 
25th, 1777, respecting the contract made by some of the officers of Commodore Hop- 
kins's fleet, when in Delaware River. As the complaints in consequence of that 
contract, have still continued, notwithstanding those resolves were forwarded long ago 
to the Continental agents ; by order of the marine committee, I sent a copy of them to 
the agent, Mr. Tillinghast, by the last post, supposing it possible they might have mis 
carried before. And as I never heard of them, before I left the state, for that reason, I 
have enclosed them to Your Honor. 

Our accounts from the northward are very unfavorable ; but at the same time, so 
confused that no certainty can be collected ; yet we are very apprehensive that Ticon- 
deroga is in the hands of the enemy, with all the cannon and stores, if not the garri- 
son. To what causes this misfortune must have arisen, time only can unfold. If the 
case is so, we are not to despond, but rise with new vigor, and manly fortitude. Let 
New England now show her prowess, her vigilance and her every virtue. Let us rise 
at once, as though called into one soul. Let us meet the enemy where their ships 
cannot avail them ; upon equal ground, and by the blessing of Heaven, success, vic- 
tory and honor might attend us. 

Let not the Jersey militia have the only honor of ridding their country of the ene- 
mies of mankind, by a united, brave efiort. I only wish New England may maintain 
that character she hath hitherto entitled herself to. 

I have_the honor to subscribe myself, 

Your Honor's most obedient, humble servant, 

HENRY MARCHANT. 

To the Honorable Nicholas Cooke, Esq., Governor, &c. 



284 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [JULY, 



The Governor of Rhode Island to Gen, Richard Pigot. 

Providence, July 28th, 1777. 

Sir: — Soon after His Britannic Majesty's troops took possession of Rhode Island, I 
received a letter from Earl Percy, requesting permission for several ladies to go upon 
the island ; and assuring me, that upon their being allowed that liberty, he would 
grant the same to all such women and children as should incline to come to their 
friends upon the main. 

In consequence of which, permission hath* been granted to every woman who hath 
applied for leave to go to Rhode Island. Notwithstanding this agreement, I am to in- 
form you, that although repeated applications have been made for many persons, yet 
none have been suffered for a considerable time past, to come from the island. 

I need not observe to you, that women and children are not the proper objects of 
war ; nor that all civilized nations have agreed to lessen the horrors of it as far as pos- 
sible. Yet, in this instance, I cannot forbear saying, that the commanding officers 
upon Rhode Island, since Earl Percy, appear to me to have departed from the common 
dictates of humanity. 

I must therefore renew my application, that those women and children who have 
been so repeatedly asked for, may have leave to join their respective husbands, parents, 
brethren and friends. For a list of them, I refer you to the letter I have formerly 
written to your predecessors in command ; and I beg leave to add the names of Eliza- 
beth Prescott, widow; and Alice Allen, wife of Joseph Allen. 

I am, sir, your most humble servant, 

NICHOLAS COOKE. 

To General Pigot. 



Gen. Pigot to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Newport, Rhode Island, July 30th, 1777. 
Sir : — I was favored with your letter of the 28th, and am sorry you have had the 
trouble of making repeated applications for several women and children (whose hus- 
bands, parents and friends have left here,) to have leave to go to the main. 

Upon looking over General Prescott's papers, I found a copy of the list you men- 
tion, and had ordered a flag to be ready to carry as many of them as chose to go. I 
will not pretend to say for what reason my predecessors did not immediately comply 
with your request, and wby the}' thought it necessary to detain those women and 
children in town, but I will venture to assure you neither of them with any justice can 
be accused of wanting humanity. Elizabeth Prescott, and the widow Alice Allen shall 
have permission to go to the main whenever they make application to me. 

I am, sir, your most humble servant, 

RICHARD PIGOT. 
To Governor Cooke. 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 285 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, on the 18lk 
day of August, 1777. 

His Excellency Nicholas Cooke, Governor. 
The Hon. William Bradford, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mrs. Champlin, wife of Win. 
Champlin, of Newport, be permitted to go to the island of 
Conanicnt, with her clothing, by way of North Kingstown, un- 
der the inspection of the commanding officer upon that post. 

Whereas, there was a quantity of sugar taken into pos- 
session by this state, and secured in a barn, belonging to the 
Hon. William Greene, Esq., in the town of Warwick, in the 
possession of Mr. William Bennett, which was ordered by 
said state to be for the use of the Continental troops ; this 
Assembly being informed that said barn was last night 
broken open by some persons unknown, and part of said 
sugar taken out and carried away, — 

It is therefore resolved, that all persons within said state 
are requested to use their best endeavors to discover the per- 
petrator of said villainy ; and that whosoever shall discover 
the persons who committed said crime, so that they may be 
brought to justice, shall be entitled to receive out of the 
general treasury the sum of £10, lawful money, for every 
person that shall be convicted of said crime. 

Whereas, Capt. Ebenezer Adams represented unto this 
Assembly, that he lately captured two small arms and ac- 
coutrements, on the island of Prudence, belonging to a 
party of the enemy, who were taken prisoners, and prayed the 
direction of this Assembly, how to dispose of them ; and the 
premises being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that this state give up its right 



286 RECORDS OP THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [AUG., 

in the said arms and accoutrements to the persons who took 
the same, to be divided amongst them at the discretion of 
Capt. Adams. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sheriff for the county of 
Kent forthwith remove the sugars at the Fulling Mill, the 
property of this state, to the farm of William Greene, Esq., 
in Warwick ; and that the same be placed with the other 
sugars heretofore removed to said farm, under a sufficient 
guard. 

It is voted and resolved, that the proceedings of the town 
council of the town of East Greenwich, respecting the sugar, 
coffee and rum, taken into custody by the constable of said 
town, said to be the property of Mr. Robert Stevens, Jr., be 
stayed until further orders from this Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that the Honorable William 
Bradford, and Stephen Hopkins, Esqs., Henry Ward and 
Paul Mumford, Esqs., be, and they are hereby, appointed a 
committee, to draft a bill for the better supply of the troops 
raised by this state, agreeably to the recommendation from 
the committee lately convened at Springfield, and the former 
resolutions of this Assembly ; and that they make report as 
soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Griffin Greene, paymas- 
ter to one of the Continental battalions, be empowered to 
draw £300, lawful money, out of the general treasury, for 
paying the troops in said battalion ; and that he re-pay the 
same, whenever he shall have received money for the pur- 
pose aforesaid, or on demand. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Daniel Deval be chosen 
captain ; and Mr. David Gifford, lieutenant, of Maj. Munro's 
company ; and that they draw pay from the 10th day of 
June last, they having been on duty from that time. 

It is voted and resolved, that six hogsheads of the sugar 
at the Fulling Mill, the property of this state, be immedi- 
ately forwarded to Peekskill, for the use of the troops raised 
by this state. 

That the persons appointed to dispose of the same, be 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 287 

empowered to exchange said sugars, or a part thereof, for 
any other articles which may be necessary for the use of the 
said troops ; and that Mr. Matthew Manchester be appointed 
to procure teams for removing the same, accordingly. 

It is voted and resolved, that Major Munro be, and he is 
hereby, empowered to enlist eighteen men, in addition to 
those already enlisted into his company, in the boat service, 
to serve for the same term, and be entitled to the same 
bounty, pay and rations, as those who shall enlist into the 
fifteen months' brigade. 

That he enlist the men aforesaid, from any town within 
this state ; and that upon their enlisting and entering the 
said company, they shall be reckoned to the towns of which 
they are inhabitants, in the same manner as though they 
had enlisted into the fifteen months' brigade, and shall be 
so reckoned towards discharging the militia of such town 
from present duty. 

Whereas, the Honorable Continental Congress of the 
United States, on the 5th day of July, A. D. 1777, did by 
their order, drawn upon Joseph Clarke, Esq., commissioner 
of the loan office, for the state of Rhode Island and Provi- 
dence Plantations, direct him to pay unto the General As- 
sembly of said state, or their order, $190,000, it being ad- 
vanced for the use of said state, and the Assembly to be ac- 
countable, — 

Wherefore resolved, that His Excellency Nicholas Cooke, 
Esq., Governor of this state, be, and he is hereby, empow- 
ered/and requested to receive the said sum of $190,000, of 
said Joseph Clarke, Esq., as commissioner of the loan office, 
within this state, and pay the same unto the general treasu- 
rer of this state, taking his receipt therefor. 

Whereas, Henry Ward, Esq., presented unto this Assem- 
bly, the following report and account, to wit : 



288 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [AuG. ? 



Report of Henry Ward, appointed by the General Assembly of 
Rhode Island, to solicit aid of the State of Massachusetts. 

To the Honorable the General Assembly of the state of Rhode Island and Providence 
Plantations, now sitting : 

The subscriber, who was appointed to apply to the General Assembly of Massachu- 
setts Bay for aid, begs leave to report : 

That on the 10th day of July he proceeded to Boston, and the General Assembly 
not being in session, applied to the Council ; who, having taken his representation into- 
.consideration, passed a resolve for sending, for the defence of this state, two regiments 
of seven hundred and twenty-eight men each, to continue for six months ; and until 
they should come, for sending one regiment of militia, which he herewith, presents. 

That being of opinion it was necessary for the then present defence, that a larger aid 
should be sent from that state, he gave in the memorial, wihch he also* lays before you ; 
and that the Council having deliberated upon the same, assured the subscriber, that 
they would do every thing in their power to forward the men ordered, with the great- 
est possible expedition, and give orders to the officers of the militia contiguous to this 
state, to hold themselves in readiness to march at a moment's warning, to- the assist- 
ance of this state, in case of an attack. 

He begs leave to submit this report, and is, with all respect, — 

Your Honors' most obedient, humble servant, 

HENRY WARD. 

August 19, 1777. 

It is voted and resolved, that Sarah Greene, Jemima 
Howland and Sarah Remington, be permitted to return to 
the town of Jamestown ; and Priscilla Rogers and Susannah. 
Gardner, to the island of Rhode Island, under the inspection 
and direction of the commanding officer of the second regi- 
ment of militia of the county of Kings ; and they are per- 
mitted to carry with them their necessary apparel. 

It is voted and resolved, that the bounty and encourage- 
ment allowed to the non-commissioned officers and privates, 
who should enlist into the fifteen months' brigade, or boat 
service, be not allowed to any who shall enlist into said 
brigade, or boat service, from and after the expiration of 
eighteen days after the rising of this Assembly ; and that a 
copy hereof, be transmitted to the several colonels in said 
brigade. 

It is voted and resolved, that the wages due to the fifteen 
months' brigade, until the 10th day of August inst., be paid! 
them by the committees of safety within this state. 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 289 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that the act entitled " An act 
to prevent monopoly and oppression, by excessive and un- 
reasonable prices, for many of the necessaries and conven- 
iences of life ; and for preventing engrossers, and for the 
better supply of our troops in the army with such necessa- 
ries as may be wanted ;" and another act passed at May 
second session last, laying an embargo upon rum, sugar, 
molasses and other articles therein enumerated, be, and the 
same are hereby, repealed. 

Whereas, the Honorable the Continental Congress have 
drawn an order in favor of this state, on the commissioner 
of the loan office, within the same, for $190,000 ; and 
whereas, there is not money sufficient in said office for dis- 
charging said order, and certificates are wanted for procur- 
ing the same, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that His Honor the 
Governor be, and he is hereby, requested to make applica- 
tion to our delegate in Congress, that certificates may be 
forwarded as soon as may be. 

Whereas, several towns within this state, have neglected 
to apportion the tax assessed upon the inhabitants of said 
state, in March last, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that said towns be em- 
powered to apportion the same, and return a copy of the 
lists thereof, to the general treasurer ; who is hereby em- 
powered and directed to issue his warrants to the collectors 
of the said towns, in the same manner as though said tax 
had been apportioned, and a list of the same had been made 
out and returned, within the time limited by law. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Jacob Goff be, and he is 
hereby, empowered to purchase in behalf of this state, a lot 
of land, at a proper distance from the powder mill, and take 
a deed of the same to the general treasurer, for the use of 
this state. 

That he build a house thereon, suitable for his family, at 
the expense of the state. 

vol, vjii, 37 



290 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [AUG., 

That Caleb Harris, Esq., be, and he is hereby, appointed 
to assist to superintend the business, and get it done in the 
cheapest and best manner he can ; and that the cost of the 
said house and lot of land do not exceed the sum of £200, 
lawful money ; which sum the said Jacob is empowered to 
draw out of the general treasury, for the purpose aforesaid. 

Whereas, Lieutenant Colonel William Barton, with a 
number of officers and soldiers under his command, lately 
made an expedition to the island of Rhode Island, and in 
the most prudent and gallant manner happily made prison- 
ers of, and brought off, Major General Prescott, his aid- 
de-camp, who was of the rank of major, and a private 
soldier ; and whereas, this Assembly, at their session in 
March last, as an encouragement for an expedition on 
Rhode Island, offered rewards for the captures of officers 
and soldiers, who should be made prisoners in said expedi- 
tion, provided, the same should be made in a limited time, 
which is expired, by which act the rewards for the taking 
such prisoners, would amount to $1,120; and this Assem- 
bly being desirous at all times of rewarding distinguished 
merit, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that 
the said sum of $1,120 be allowed and paid out of the gen- 
eral treasury into hands of the said William Barton, to be 
divided between him and the other commissioned and non- 
commissioned officers and soldiers of the said party, in pro- 
portion to the wages of the said officers and soldiers. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the thanks 
of this Assembly be, and they hereby are, given to the said 
Col. Barton, and to the other officers and soldiers of the said 
party, for their brave execution of that enterprize. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that this Assembly 
will recommend the said Col. Barton, and the other commis- 
sioned officers of the said party, to the notice of His Excel- 
lency General Washington, for promotion, according to their 
merit. 

It is voted and resolved, that the delegates appointed, or 



1777-] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 291 

who may be appointed, to represent this state in Congress, 
be, and they or either of them are hereby, empowered to 
represent said state in Congress, until they, or either of 
them, shall have due notice of their re-election ; or until the 
delegates who may be appointed in their room, shall take 
their seats in Congress ; the act directing the election of 
said delegates for one year, to the contrary, notwith- 
standing. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Clark Brown be, and he 
is hereby, permitted to subscribe the test, heretofore or- 
dered to be subscribed by the inhabitants of this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that Daniel Wall be, and he is 
hereby, chosen ensign of Captain Phillips's company, in the 
brigade raised by this state, for fifteen months, in the room 
of Reuben Herrington, who has refused. 

It is voted and resolved, that if any person within this 
state, not having hitherto subscribed the test or declaration 
heretofore prescribed by an act of this Assembly, at the ses- 
sion held at Newport, in June, 1776, shall within thirty days 
after the rising of this Assembly subscribe the same, before 
the Governor, Deputy Governor, an assistant or judge of the 
superior or inferior court, or in open town meeting, such 
person shall be restored to all his liberties, privileges, fran- 
chises and immunities ; and shall as fully enjoy the same, as 
though he had subscribed the said test or declaration in due 
season ; and that no person, after the expiration of said thirty 
days, shall be admitted to subscribe the same, without spe- 
cial permission first had from this Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. Sylvester Gardner 
and Stephen Champlin be, and they are hereby, permitted 
to remove the hay belonging to them, and now stacked at 
the extreme part of Point Judith, to places of safety. 

It is voted and resolved, that the Continental officers and 
soldiers, raised by this state, be supplied in camp with rum, 
sugar and coffee, at the prices affixed to those articles in the 
act against monopoly and oppression, passed by this Assem- 
bly, at the second session, held in December last, with the 



292 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [AUG., 

additional charge of transportation ; and that the council of 
war, appointed to act in the recess of the General Assembly, 
provide and send forward the same to the paymasters of 
the two battalions, who are hereby directed to deliver out 
the same at the rates aforesaid ; and to deduct the amount 
of what each person shall receive out of his pay. 

It is further voted and resolved, that the committee of 
safety procure, as soon as possible, and upon the best terms 
they can, the articles herein after mentioned, for the use of 
the soldiers raised by this state, that is to say : 

The Hon. Wm. Bradford, Esq., shall procure seventy pair 
of shoes, one hundred and forty pair of stockings, one hun- 
dred and forty shirts, thirty-five coats, thirty-five pair of 
breeches and thirty-five hats. 

John Smith, Esq., and Col. Daniel Tillinghast, shall procure 
four hundred and eighty-two pair of shoes, nine hundred and 
sixty-four pair of stockings, nine hundred and sixty-four 
shirts, two hundred and forty-one coats, two hundred and 
forty-one pair of breeches, and two hundred and forty-one 
hats. 

Col. John Cooke shall procure eighty-eight pair of shoes, 
one hundred and seventy-six pair of stockings, one hundred 
and seventy-six shirts, forty-four coats, forty-four pair of 
breeches, and forty-four hats. 

John Northup and James Congdon, 3d, Esqs., shall pro- 
cure three hundred and thirty-four pair of shoes, six hun- 
dred and sixty-eight pair of stockings, six hundred and 
sixty-eight shirts, one hundred sixty-seven coats, one hun- 
dred and sixty-seven pair of breeches, and one hundred and 
sixty-seven hats. 

Stephen Mumford, Esq., shall procure two hundred and 
twenty-seven pair of shoes, four hundred and fifty-four pair 
of stockings, four hundred and fifty-four shirts, one hundred 
and thirteen coats, one hundred and thirteen pair of breech- 
es, and one hundred and thirteen hats. 

That one-half part of the said articles be appropriated for 
the use of the two Continental battalions, and be sent for- 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 293 

ward as soon as may be, under the direction of the said 
council of war ; and that the other half be appropriated to 
the use of the brigade raised by this state for fifteen 
months, and be delivered out by the committee of safety, to 
those persons who shall be most in want thereof. 

It is further voted and resolved, that the families of the 
field, commissioned and staff officers, as well those belonging 
to the said brigade, as to the said Continental battalions, 
who are resident in this state, be supplied with such neces- 
sary articles as are enumerated in the said act against mo- 
nopoly and oppression, if to be procured at the rates 
in the said act affixed, with the charge of transporta- 
tion, to the amount of one-quarter part of their wages ; they 
lodging money to procure the same. 

That the families of the non-commissioned officers and 
privates shall be supplied in like manner, to the amount of 
their wages. 

That the town council of each town in this state be, and 
they are hereby, empowered and directed to appoint a suit- 
able person to supply the said officers and soldiers, as afore- 
said, in their respective towns ; who shall be allowed two- 
and-a-half per cent, for doing the business, to be paid out of 
the general treasury. 

That the persons so appointed, procure the articles for 
the purposes, aforesaid, upon the best terms they can ; and 
that the difference between the prices at which the said ar- 
ticles shall be purchased and delivered, be paid out of the 
general treasury. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that these resolu- 
tions shall not revoke the appointment of John Reynolds, 
Esq., to purchase clothing for the soldiers : but that he con- 
tinue to procure as large a quantity as may be, upon the 
best terms he can. 

Resolved, that it be, and hereby is, earnestly recommend- 
ed to all the farmers and others within this state, who have 
raised flax the present season, that they be careful to pre- 
serve all the seed thereof, as in all probability it will soon 



294 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [AUG, 

become an essential article for exportation ; and that this 
resolve be published three weeks successively in the Provi- 
dence Gazette. 

It is voted and resolved, that a tax of £32,000, be as- 
sessed upon the inhabitants of this state, to be levied, col- 
lected and paid into the general treasury, by the 1st day of 
December next. 

That the same be proportioned agreeably to the estimate 
upon which the last tax was proportioned. 

That the poll tax be sixpence for every £1,000 ; and that 
the standing committee proportion the same, and draught a 
bill accordingly. 

It is voted and resolved, that the row-galley Washington 
be rigged as a schooner; and that Mr. John Smith and 
Daniel Tillinghast, Esq., furnish rigging and sails necessary 
for that purpose. 

Whereas, our relentless enemies have possessed them- 
selves of the towns of Newport, Portsmouth, Middletown 
and Jamestown, whereby the freemen of those towns are 
deprived of the privilege of meeting at their usual places 
for the choice of deputies to represent them in General As- 
sembly, — 

It is therefore resolved, that those persons who were 
known to be freemen in either of those towns, to the num- 
ber of seven, at the least, from each town respectively, be, 
and they are hereby, authorized and empowered to meet at 
the places hereafter mentioned, to wit : 

Those of the town of Newport, at the state house, in 
Providence. 

Those of Portsmouth and Middletown, at the house of 
William Durfee, in Tiverton. 

Those of Jamestown, at the house of Matthew Allen, in 
North Kingstown, on the third Wednesday of September 
next, at ten o'clock, in the forenoon, for the purpose afore- 
said ; they conducting such choice agreeably to the usages 
and practices in their respective towns, heretofore ; and that 
this resolve be published in the next Providence Gazette. 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 295 

It is voted and resolved, that the Honorable William 
Bradford, Esq., be, and he is hereby, empowered to draAV 
£1,000, lawful money, out of the general treasury ; and 
that he account for the same, as one of the committee of 
safety, for this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Northup, Esq., be, and 
he is hereby, empowered to draw £1,500, lawful money, out 
of the general treasury ; and that he account for the same, 
as one of the committee of safety. 

Whereas, this Assembly, at the session held in April last, 
in commiseration of the unhappy condition of the inhabi- 
tants of the towns of Newport, Portsmouth, Jamestown and 
Middletown, who had left the said towns and taken refuge 
npon the main, in this state, passed an act that they should 
not be taxed for their personal estate ; and whereas, it ap- 
pears that many of the said inhabitants are possessed of 
considerable personal estate ; and as all persons who derive 
protection from the state, ought to pay their just proportion 
of the public expenses, — 

It therefore voted and resolved, that the said act be, and 
hereby is, repealed ; and that the inhabitants of the said 
towns shall be assessed in the several towns where they re- 
spectively reside, for their polls and estates (excepting for 
such parts of their estates as are in possession of the enemy), 
in the same manner and proportion as the other inhabitants 
of the said towns where they reside, are assessed. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sheriff for the county of 
Kings, dispose of the old court house in Kings county, on 
the fourth Wednesday of September next ; and that he ad- 
vertise the same, in the Providence Gazette ; and the gen- 
eral treasurer is hereby empowered and directed to give a 
warranty deed to the purchaser thereof, in behalf of this 
state. 

Whereas, this state is now blockaded by a considerable 
naval and land force, and thereby deprived of the advan- 
tages of importing grain of the several kinds necessary for 
the consumption of its inhabitants, whereby they are under 



296 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [AUG, 

the necessity of procuring large supplies from the neighbor- 
ing states of Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut, for their 
support; and whereas, great scarcity of those articles 
may be occasioned by distilling the same into spirituous 
liquors, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that His Honor the 
Governor, immediately after the rising of this Assembly, 
write to the Assemblies of the states, aforesaid, enclosing to 
them a copy of an act of this state, passed at the present 
session, entitled " An act to prevent the distilling, into any 
kind of spirit whatever, wheat, Indian corn, rye, barley, oats 
or cider ;" and recommending to them the passing such act 
or acts similar thereto, as may prevent any difficulty in 
the supplying this state with those necessary articles ; and 
that the act aforesaid, be published in the next Providence 
Gazette. 

Whereas, a number of officers, belonging to the brigade 
raised by this state, preferred a petition, and represented 
unto this Assembly that, for the safety of the states of 
America in general, and of this in particular, with the en- 
couragement held out by their constituents, they entered 
into the service. 

That they engaged that the encouragement made to the 
soldiers should be fulfilled ; who in consequence thereof, 
and from a principle of freedom, and for the public preser- 
vation, cheerfully entered into the service. 

That, to their great mortification, they find themselves 
obliged humbly to remonstrate to this Assembly the situa- 
tion of the brigade. 

That the soldiers in general are very poorly provided 
with clothing, so that their appearance on the parade is 
rather miserable than formidable ; and in consequence 
thereof, they cannot exact from them such duties as the 
service naturally requires. 

That in consequence of the deficiency of camp equipage, 
they are not prepared either for attack or defence. 

That amidst the whole, the rapid augmentation of the 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 297 

prices of every necessary article of life, fills them with the 
greatest anxiety for themselve and their families, who de- 
pend chiefly on their wages for support ; and that the sol- 
diers expected to have enjoyed the same benefits as those 
in the Continental army, who are now plentifully supplied 
with clothing and other necessaries, which they are suffer- 
ing for the want of; and thereupon prayed this Assembly 
to seriously consider the matters which are here recited, 
and in commiseration to the brigade, to rectify those real 
evils which lie so heavily upon the in ; and the premises be- 
ing duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said petition be re- 
ceived ; and that this Assembly will take the most effectual 
and speedy measures for procuring and furnishing the said 
officers and soldiers with the articles requested, agreeably 
to the prayer of the said petition. 

It is voted and resolved, that Capt. Tim®thy Coffin be, 
and he is hereby, directed to proceed to Bedford, and there 
take out of the sloop Diamond, of which he is master, two 
hundred barrels of turpentine, and lodge the same in some 
convenient place. 

That he proceed with the said sloop to Acoxet, and unlade 
the remainder of the cargo, and store the same in safe 
places. 

That Col. Pardon Gray be, and he is hereby, empowered 
and directed to take the said sloop and remainder of the 
cargo into his care. 

That he endeavor to procure a cargo of flax-seed, for her 
to make a voyage to Europe ; and that Mr. Thomas Ste- 
vens, Jr., be, and he is hereby, empowered and directed to 
sell, upon the best terms he can for the state, the said two 
hundred barrels of turpentine, ordered to be landed at 
Bedford ; and pay the amount thereof, into the general 
treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that the families of the officers 
in the Continental battalions, and fifteen months' brigade 
raised by this state, be furnished with such necessary arti^ 

vol. viii. 38 



298 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [AUG., 

cles as are enumerated in the act to prevent monopoly and 
oppression, at the prices affixed in said act, to the amount 
of one-quarter part of their wages, upon their lodging 
money sufficient for said purpose in the hands of the com- 
mittees appointed to supply the families of soldiers. 

It is voted and resolved, that the council of war be, and 
they are hereby, directed upon the application of the per- 
sons appointed by the town council in the several towns 
within this state, for the purpose of supplying the families 
of the officers and soldiers in their respective towns, and 
producing a certificate from the town clerk of their respec- 
tive towns, of the number to be supplied, agreeably to an 
act of this state, to give orders on the general treasurer for 
such sum or sums of money as they think necessary to 
make such provision. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Smith sell, for the 
most he can get, a quantity of cheese in his hands belong- 
ing to this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. John Smith be, and he 
is hereby, empowered to draw £1,000, lawful money, out of 
the general treasury ; and that he account for the same, as 
one of the committee of safety. 

It is voted and resolved, that any two persons within this 
state, subject by law to bear arms, who shall procure one 
good, able-bodied recruit to enter the Continental service 
for the term of three years, or during the present war, shall 
be exempted from actual service, saving in cases of general 
alarm, during the time for which such recruit shall enlist ; 
and every such recruit shall be entitled to the Continental 
bounty and other Continental allowances. 

Provided always, that no person or persons shall be ex- 
empted as aforesaid, until such recruits by them respectively 
procured, shall have passed muster, agreeably to the regula- 
tions for raising the Continental army. 

In pursuance of a resolve of the Honorable the Continent- 
al Congress, — 

It is voted and resolved, that proper persons be appointed 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 290 

in each town, within this state, to recruit men to fill up the 
Continental battalions raising within this state. 

That the persons appointed, give good security to the 
town treasurers of their respective towns, for the faithful 
discharge of their duty, and rendering just accounts of all 
public moneys that shall come to their hands; and that 
they be allowed for each able-bodied recruit, by them raised, 
who shall enlist for three years or during the war, the sum 
of $8, in full for their trouble and expense. 

It is further voted and resolved, that the following per- 
sons be appointed for the several towns, for the purpose 
aforesaid, to wit : 

Persons appointed as Recruiting Officers, to Recruit Men to Fill 
up the Battalion Raising within the State. 

Newport — Messrs. Henry Dayton and Philip Morse. 

Providence — Messrs. Joseph Hoyle and John Beverly. 

Warwick — Messrs. Robert Rhodes and Waterman Tibbets. 

Westerly — Capt. Job Pemberton. 

North Kingstown — Mr. Peter Wright and Major Sylvester 
Gardner. 

South Kingstown — Col. Thomas Potter and Capt. Samuel 
Potter. 

East Greenwich — Col. Richard Fry and William Peirce, 
Esq., and Major Thomas Tillinghast. 

Jamestown — Benjamin Underwood, Esq. 

Smithfield — Messrs. John Angell and Peleg Arnold. 

Scituate — Timothy Hopkins, Esq. ; and Messrs. Stephen 
Kimball, Stephen Sheldon and Jonathan Knight, Jr. 

Glocester — Captain Asa Kimball and Mr. Nathaniel 
Blackmar. 

Charlestown — Capt. Joseph Congdon. 

Coventry — Messrs. William Love, David Brayton and 
Capt. Thomas Gorton. 

West Greenwich — Capt, Joseph Hopkins. 



300 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [AUG., 

Exeter — Mr. Stephen Wightman and Captain Samuel 
Gorton. 

Bristol— Mr. William Throop. 

Tiverton — Col. John Cooke. 

Little Compton — Mr. Nathaniel Church. 

Warren — Col. Nathan Miller. 

Cumberland — Col. George Peck and Mr. Enoch Tower. 

Richmond — Capt. Richard Bailey, Jr., and Mr. Jonathan 
Maxson. 

Cranston — Mr. Randall Briggs. 

Hopkinton — Capt. Thomas Wells. 

Johnston — Colonel John Waterman and Mr. Richard 
Eddy. 

North Providence — Capt. Thomas Olney. 

Barrington — Major Peleg Heath. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that said persons be 
empowered to take up and secure all deserters who shall 
come within their respective districts, and the officers of the 
militia are directed to give them such assistance as shall be 
required ; and for every deserter so taken up and secured, 
that $5 be allowed to the person by whom he shall be ap- 
prehended. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that for the encour- 
agement of men to enter into said service, they shall be at 
liberty at the time of their enlistments, to make choice of 
the battalion or company in which they will serve, provided 
said battalion or company is not full ; if it is, they may 
choose any other battalion or company ; which shall be en- 
tered against their names, and returned to the officer ap- 
pointed to receive said recruits ; who shall, at the same time 
they are sent to join their corps, transmit the same to the 
general or commanding officer. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that if any of the per- 
sons appointed by this resolve, shall not accept their appoint- 
ment, that the deputies of said towns be, and they are 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 301 

hereby, empowered to appoint others in their room ; and 
that a copy hereof, be transmitted to the several town 
clerks within this state, within ten days after the rising of 
this Assembly. 

An Act assessing and apportioning a rate or tax of £32,- 
000, lawful money, upon the inhabitants of this state. 
[See printed Schedule.] 

Voted and resolved, that the following accounts be paid 
out of the general treasury, viz. : 

Bills Ordered to he Paid. 

£ s. d. 

Henry Ward, for his expenses to Boston, and for his time 10 00 00 

Benjamin Greene, for hay, provisions, wood and liquors for the use of the 

troops on Warwick Neck 27 17 04 

Benjamin Greene, for wood taken at divers times from his wood lot, and for 

cutting and carting the same, by order of Col. John Waterman 64 02 02 

Jeremiah Utter, for a horse impressed for the artillery 12 00 00 

Edward Wells, for repairs on the state's guns 27 1-4 04 

Jonathan Pierce, for sundry tools lost upon Rhode Island, at the time it was 

taken possession of by the British 22 03 04 

Stephen Hopkins, for his time, his servant, two horses and a carriage; and 

for his expenses to and from Springfield, to meet the commissioners 

from the other New England states 23 12 00 

Paul Mumford, for the same , 18 00 10 

William Bradtord, for the same 21 03 10 

Stephen Hopkins, William Bradford and Henry Ward, for their services and 

expenses in attending the convention of the New England states, held at 

Providence, in December, 1776 ; and January, 1777 13 10 00 

Lieut. Thomas Hughes, a wounded officer, for board and expenses 17 12 00 

God save the United States of America. 



>02 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [SEPT., 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kingstown, on 
Monday, the 22d day of September, 1777. 

His Excellency Nicholas Cooke, Governor. 
The Hon. William Bradford, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, permission hath been granted by the council of 
war, to Dinah Remington to proceed in a flag of truce 
to the island of Jamestown, under the direction of Colonel 
Dyer- 
It is voted and resolved, that said flag be for the present 
detained ; and that Col. Dyer do not dispatch the same un- 
til further orders from this Assembly; or, in the recess 
thereof, from the council of war. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sheriff of Kings county 
sell and dispose of the old court house, in the said county, this 
day, at public vendue, to the highest bidder ; that he give a 
bill of sale thereof, to the purchaser ; who is to remove the 
same off the lot whereon it stands, within six months from 
the date ; and not to improve it where it now stands ; and 
that the sheriff do not sell or dispose of the said lot of land ; 
any thing to the contrary hereof, in any wise, notwith- 
standing. 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au« 
thority thereof it is hereby enacted, that when and as often 
as it happens that the sheriff of any county within this 
state, who is to execute any writ or process from the mari- 
time court, is any wise interested in the effect of such writ 
or process, that it shall, and may, be lawful for the judge of 
the said maritime court, and he is hereby directed to issue 
all such writs and processes to any or either of the town 
sergeants in any of the towns within the county where such 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 303 

sheriff who is interested, resides; and the said town ser- 
geants are hereby fully empowered, authorized and di- 
rected, to execute the same, to all intents and purposes, as 
fully and effectually as the sheriff might, ought or could do, 
if he was not interested in said process. 

It is voted and resolved, that the persons appointed to 
deliver the salt, heretofore proportioned to the several 
towns within this state, forthwith pay the amount of the 
salt by them respectively delivered, into the general treasu- 
ry ; and all persons who have received money out of the 
treasury, either for purchasing of guns, or enlisting of men 
into the Continental battalions or fifteen months' service, 
are hereby required to render an account thereof, to the 
council of war ; and if any person shall neglect to pay said 
money, or render an account of the money by them re- 
ceived for the purposes aforesaid, for the space of thirty 
days next from the rising of this Assembly, the attorney 
general is directed to commence actions against such delin- 
quents, to the first court authorized to hear and determine 
the same ; and that this resolve be published in the next 
Providence Gazette. 

It is voted and resolved, that the several collectors of 
rates in this state be, and they are hereby, directed to re- 
ceive Continental bills, as well as bills of this state, for the 
taxes already ordered to be levied ; that the general treas- 
urer exchange all such Continental bills as shall be paid into 
the general treasury, for the bills of this state, as often as 
he hath opportunity ; and that a copy of this vote be in- 
serted in the Providence Gazette. 

It is voted and resolved, that the colonels or other field 
officers, commanding in the counties of Kings and Kent, 
forthwith call forth as many of the militia and alarm men, 
in addition to those already doing duty, as they shall judge 
proper ; in order that such suitable guards be placed upon 
the shores, in said counties, as will prevent any persons go- 
ing upon any of the islands in possession of the enemy. 



304 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAOT) [SEPT. ? 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Deputy Gov- 
ernor, Henry Ward, William Channing, Jonathan Arnold 
and Rowse J. Helme, Esqs., be a committee, they, or the 
major part of them, to form a plan of government for this 
state, and lay the same before this Assembly as soon as con- 
veniently may be. 

Whereas, Capt. Samuel Carr, Benjamin Underwood and 
Christopher Ellery, Esqs., in behalf of themselves, and many 
of the late inhabitants of the towns of Jamestown, Newport, 
Portsmouth, Midclletown and New Shoreham, preferred a 
petition and represented unto this Assembly, that in the be- 
ginning; of this unnatural, cruel war between Great Britain 
and the colonies, they, with many of the inhabitants of said 
towns, impressed with sentiments of duty and affection for 
their country, and paying due obedience to the several re- 
solves of the state, at great trouble and expense transported 
themselves, and such part of their property as escaped the 
destruction of the enemy (the real excepted), to the main; 
where they lived on a part of the small substance brought 
with them; some almost one, and others more than two 
years. 

That before, and at the time, they, and their constituents, 
removed to the main, when they were in a capacity of pay- 
ing, by having the improvement of their real as well as person- 
al estates, there were no taxes levied on them ; since which 
time, the enemy has taken full possession of them, thereby 
rendering them unable to pay the taxes now levied, or 
about to be levied on them, and their constituents, the in- 
habitants of said towns ; many of whom, are now in great 
want of some of the real necessaries of life. 

That since they left their habitations, and by order of 
the General Assembly removed to the main, they have, 
with the greatest alacrity, done every thing in their power 
to obstruct and defeat the measures of the enemy. 

They have taken their monthly, and other rounds of 
duty, to guard and defend the shores, equally with the rest 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 305 

of the inhabitants ; and have furnished their quotas of the 
Continental and fifteen months' battalions. And that not- 
withstanding they have been excluded their proportions of 
flour and iron, and when the same was sent into the towns 
to be divided, it was done in such manner, in some towns, 
as utterly excluded any of the inhabitants of the islands 
from any part thereof; and thereupon prayed this Assem- 
bly to take the same into consideration, and exempt them 
from paying any tax for their persons or personal property, 
until they can remove back and improve their real estates in 
safety ; or otherwise, if they should be held to pay any tax 
for their personal estates, that they have credit given them 
for the tax so paid, as part of the proportion of the town to 
which they respectively belong ; and the premises being 
duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that all the late inhabitants who 
have removed from the towns of Jamestown, Newport, 
Portsmouth, Middletown and New Shoreham, to the main, 
be not rated in any rate or tax in this state, for their per- 
sons or personal estates, the stock excepted ; and that if 
any of the inhabitants of said towns be already rated in 
any town, which rates are not as yet collected, that the 
same be remitted to the persons so rated. 

Resolved, that one-half of the militia, alarm, independent, 
and artillery companies, be drafted from the militia, alarm, 
independent and artillery companies, within this state, on 
the 27th day of September inst. 

That they march to, and rendezvous at, such place or 
places as shall be directed by the Honorable Major General 
Spencer, on the 1st day of October next ; and that they re- 
main and continue to do duty for the space of one month 
from the said 1st day of October, unless sooner discharged 
by General Spencer ; any resolve to the contrary hereof, 
notwithstanding. 

And the colonels, or in their absence, the next command- 
ing officer of the several regiments of militia, and command- 
ers of said companies, are directed to call together by 



306 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [SEPT., 

companies their respective regiments and companies, on 
Saturday, the said 27th day of September, at such place as 
shall be appointed by them, and may be most convenient 
for the said regiments and companies ; and that they cause 
said draft then to be made ; and that the persons who shall 
be drafted as aforesaid, be duly equipped with arms and ac- 
coutrements, according to law, 

It is further resolved, that said one-half of the militia, 
alarm, independent and artillery companies, who shall be 
drafted as aforesaid, be formed into one brigade, to consist 
of six regiments ; each regiment to be commanded by one 
colonel, one lieutenant colonel, and one major ; and to con- 
sist of eight companies ; each company to be led by one cap- 
tain, one lieutenant, and one ensign. 

That said brigade, regiments and companies, be formed 
under the direction of the Honorable Major General 
Spencer ; and Ezekiel Cornell, Esq., is hereby appointed 
brigadier general to command the same. 

Provided nevertheless, and it is further resolved, that 
General Spencer be empowered to form said men, who shall 
be drafted as aforesaid, into two brigades, if he should think 
it necessary, and most for the public service ; and in that 
case, that one of the said brigades be commanded by the 
said Ezekiel Cornell ; and that the other brigade be com- 
manded by an officer who shall be appointed by the council 
of war, by and with the advice of General Spencer ; and the 
council of war are empowered to appoint the other proper 
officers to said brigade, who shall be entitled to the same 
pay and rations as officers of the same rank in the Conti- 
nental service. 

And for the encouragement of the persons who shall be 
drafted as aforesaid, to exert themselves in defence of their 
country, — 

It is further resolved, that each non-commissioned officer 
and private who shall be drafted as aforesaid, and shall do 
their tour of duty, shall be allowed, as a bounty, forty shil- 
lings, lawful money, for one month's service, and in the 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 307 

same proportion for a shorter time ; and the same wages 
and rations as are allowed the non-commissioned officers 
and privates in the Continental service, 

And it is further resolved, that the town council, or any 
one of them, of the several towns within this state, in which 
a commissary doth not reside, furnish the men drafted with- 
in their respective towns, with three days' provisions ; and 
that they forward to the place of their rendezvous, the camp 
utensils necessary for their use. 

It is further resolved, that if any person who shall be 
drafted as aforesaid, shall appear not duly equipped, that the 
commanding officer of the company to which he belongs, be 
empowered to impress a gun, or whatever accoutrements he 
may stand in need of 

It is further resolved, that if any colonel of said regiments, 
or commanders of said companies, shall neglect to call to- 
gether said regiments or companies, or to cause said draft to 
be made, agreeably to this resolve ; or if any officer, to whom 
a warrant shall be directed for the purpose aforesaid, shall 
neglect to do his duty, every such delinquent officer shall 
pay as a fine, to the use of this state, the sum of £50, lawful 
money ; and if any person who shall be drafted as afore- 
said, shall neglect to do duty, agreeably to this resolve, 
or to hire a man to do his tour of duty, the town coun- 
cil of the town in which such person resides, are empowered 
to hire a man in the room of such delinquent person, and to 
provide in manner as is directed by an act for the relief of 
tender consciences. 

And it is further resolved, that if by any means said regi- 
ments and companies cannot be called together, and said draft 
made, on the said 27th day of September, that in that case, 
said regiments and companies be called together, and said 
draft be made, on the 28th day of September inst. 

And it is further resolved, that the field officers of the 
several regiments of militia, and commanders of the several 
independent, alarm and artillery companies, repair to the 
town of Providence, on Monday, the 29th day of September 



308 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [OCT,, 

inst, then and there to receive the orders of the council of 
war, or General Spencer. 

It is further resolved, that copies hereof, be forthwith trans- 
mitted to the colonels of the several regiments of militia, and 
commanders of independent, alarm and artillery companies, 
within this state. 

Voted and resolved, that the following accounts be paid 
out of the treasury, viz. : 

Bills Ordered to be Paid. 

£ s. d. 

Edward Welles, for cleaning small arms belonging to the state 15 08 

Benjamin Arnold, for collecting and delivering to the committee of safety the 

town of Warwick's proportion of blankets 2 08 

Dr. Robert Perigo, for medicines furnished Col. Stanton's regiment 114 6 

Josias Lyndon, for his services as clerk of the lower house 2 08 9 

Ebenezer Tefft, for cleaning and sweeping the state house in Kings county, 

and for his attendance on the General Assembly 1 01 

John Northup, one of the committee of safety, authorized to draw from the 

general treasury 500 00 

God save the United States of America. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, on Monday, 
the 27th day of October, 1777. 

His Excellency Nicholas Cooke, Governor. 
The Hon. William Bradford, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that Ebenezer Slocum, who was 
committed to jail in the county of Providence, as a danger- 
ous and suspected person, be liberated therefrom. 

That he procure sureties to the satisfaction of either of 
the judges of the superior court of judicature, &c, to be re- 
cognized with him ; the condition of which recognizance 
shall be for his good behaviour. 

That he shall hold no correspondence with the enemy ; 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 309 

and in general to demean himself as a good and faithful 
subject of the United States of America ; and that the said 
Ebenezer be, and remain, in the custody of the sheriff for 
the county of Kings, until he shall procure sureties, and re- 
cognize, as aforesaid. 

It is voted and resolved, that Colonel Jabez Bowen be ap- 
pointed to wait on Maj. Gen. Spencer, and request of him 
a return of the number of men belonging to this state, who 
assembled on the late expedition ; and also the number of 
men now in service within this state, and when the time for 
which they enlisted will expire. 

Whereas, Beriah Brown, Esq., presented unto this Assem- 
bly, the following report, to wit : 

Report of Beriah Brown, Sheriff of Kings County, relative to the 
sale of the Court House on Little Best Hill, South Kingstown. 

" In obedience to the vote of the General Assembly, 1 did, 
on the 24th day of September, A. D. 1777, sell the old court 
house, on Little Rest Hill, in South Kingstown, at public 
vendue, to Mr. Silas Niles, who was the highest bidder, for 
$260 ; and have paid said sum to the general treasurer, and 
have taken his receipt for the same. 

BERIAH BROWN, Sheriff. 

October 30, 1777." 

And the said report being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
accepted. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Nathan Barber be per- 
mitted to subscribe the test or declaration, ordered to be 
subscribed by the inhabitants of this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that Beriah Brown, Esq., sheriff 
of the county of Kings, be, and he is hereby, directed to sell 
the personal estate now in his possession, lately belong- 
ing to Charles Slocum, deceased, at a public vendue, within 
forty days after the rising of this Assembly ; and that he 



310 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [OCT., 

pay the money arising from the sale thereof, into the gen- 
eral treasury. 

Provided nevertheless, that if any person who shall by 
law, be entitled to administer on the said estate, shall, with- 
in thirty days from the rising of this Assembly, appear and 
take out letters of administration on the same, in such case 
the said sheriff is directed to deliver two-third parts of the 
said estate to such administrator, and take his receipt for 
the same ; and dispose of the remaining third part at public 
vendue at the time afore mentioned ; and pay the amount 
of the sale thereof, into the general treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Sayles, Ebenezer 
Thompson, Esek Hopkins, Job Randall and Gideon Corn- 
stock, Esqs., be, and they are hereby, appointed a commit- 
tee, to inquire into the causes of the miscarriage of the late 
expedition against the island of Rhode Island ; that Rowse 
J. Helme, Esq., attend as their clerk. 

That they make application to Major General Spencer 
for information respecting the same ; and that they make 
report to this Assembly, as soon as may be. 

Whereas, Capt. Thomas Hughes laid before this Assembly 
a memorandum of sundry articles of clothing, wanted for 
the soldiers in Col. Greene's and Col. Angell's battalions ; 
which being considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said Thomas Hughes 
have an order on Daniel Tillinghast, Esq., for the said cloth- 
ing, agreeably to his memorandum. 

It is voted and resolved, that the Hon. Stephen Hopkins 
and Henry Ward, Esqs., be, and they are hereby, appointed 
a committee, to confer with Major General Spencer, respect- 
ing the best method of supplying the troops now in service 
within this state ; and that they request General Spencer 
to take the prisoners of war now in jail, under his care and 
direction. 

It is voted and resolved, that the field officers of the sev- 
eral regiments of militia, in the late expedition against the 
enemy on Rhode Island, be empowered and directed to call 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 311 

courts martial for the trial of deserters from the said regi- 
ments. 

That they pass and execute sentence agreeably to the ar- 
ticles of war established by Congress, and adopted by this 
state, in the same manner as though the said courts had 
been convened and sentence passed before the time of their 
service expired. 

It is voted and resolved, that Peter Phillips, Esq., be, and 
he is hereby, permitted to draw out of the general treasury, 
the sum of £600, lawful money, towards paying the charges 
of carting stores for the late expedition designed against the 
enemy on Rhode Island ; which sum he is to account for to 
this state. 

Whereas, it hath been represented unto this Assembly by 
the deputy quartermaster general, by order of Gen. Spen- 
cer, that such hath been the rise of every article with which 
the soldiers within this state are furnished, that it is impos- 
sible to procure the same at the price as heretofore fixed by 
this Assembly, without impressing the said articles, in which 
way the same has been supplied for some time past, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that Maj. Gen. Spencer 
be requested to give orders for purchasing such necessary ar- 
ticles as the army within this state may require, at the most 
reasonable prices at which they may be procured; and 
if any deduction shall be made in the accounts of articles 
so furnished, this state will pay any sum that shall be so 
deducted. 

It is voted and resolved, that Joseph Underwood, Mary 
Underwood, Abigail Holloway, Polly Holloway, Dorcas 
Easton, Catharine M'Kinzie, Mary Fowler, Sarah Greene, 
Hannah Weeden, Hannah Weeden, Jr., Peleg Weeden, 
Phoebe Weeden, Damaris Weeden, Mrs. Grozart and her 
two children, Sarah Sweet, daughter of Samuel Sweet, and 
Elizabeth Thurston, be permitted to go in a flag of truce 
from North Kingstown to the island of Conannicut, under 
the care of the commanding officer in the town of North 
Kingstown, with their wearing apparel. 



312 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [OCT., 

That Joseph Underwood and Sarah Greene be permitted 
to carry each two beds, with the necessary bed clothes. 

That the asid flag do not proceed until ten days after the 
rising of this Assembly ; and that the same be transacted 
without any expense to the state. 

Whereas, Mrs. Isabel Marchant, late of Newport, now of 
Hopkinton. widow, preferred a petition and represented un- 
to this Assembly, that some time since she lent the general 
treasurer a sum of money, to supply the necessities of gov- 
ernment upon a very pressing occasion ; and that she hath 
now an opportunity of making use of the same, to her ad- 
vantage ; and thereupon, prayed this Assembly, that the 
general treasurer might be directed to pay her the said 
sum, by her lent, with the interest due thereon ; and the 
premises being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of the said peti- 
tion be, and the same is hereby, granted. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Sayles, Ebenezer 
Thompson, Esek Hopkins, Job Randall and Gideon Corn- 
stock, Esqs., they, or any three of them, be, and they are 
hereby, appointed a committee, to meet with the commit- 
tees (if any shall be appointed by the states of Massachu- 
setts Bay and Connecticut,) to inquire into the grounds and 
reasons of the miscarriage of the late expedition against the 
enemy on Rhode Island. 

Whereas, by a resolve of this Assembly, passed at the last 
session, the persons who had received the salt proportioned 
to the several towns, were required to pay the amount thereof 
the treasury ; and all persons who had received money, into 
either for purchasing of guns, or enlisting of men into the 
Continental battalions or fifteen months' regiments, were re- 
quired to render an account thereof, to the council of war 
within thirty days ; and it having been represented to this 
Assembly, that said time was insufficient for the purpose 
aforesaid, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that a further time of 
thirty days, from the 1st day of November inst., be allowed, 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 313 

for the purpose aforesaid ; and if any person shall neglect 
within said time, to pay said money for said salt, or for iron 
and flour, which have been proportioned and received by 
them, in behalf of their respective towns; or render an 
account of the money by him received as aforesaid, to the 
council of war, and pay the balance in his hands (if any,) 
into the treasury, the attorney general is directed to com- 
mence an action against such delinquent to the first court 
proper to try the same. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that this act be pub- 
lished in the next Providence Gazette. 

It is voted and resolved, that the whole and every part 
and parcel of the bills of public credit emitted by this state, 
and not on interest (small change less than a dollar, only 
excepted), shall be called in, and sunk by a tax or taxes, to 
be assessed upon the polls and estates, both real and per- 
sonal, within this state ; and to be paid into the general 
treasury, on or before the 1st day of November, 1778. 

Whereas, owing to divers causes, it hath happened that 
several town councils in this state have not yet collected 
the moneys due from their several delinquents, who were 
draughted to do duty in the late intended expedition 
against the enemy, on Rhode Island, and in whose stead 
they hired persons, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the several town councils in 
this state, be, and they are hereby, empowered and directed 
to collect the sums due from the delinquents, and to issue 
warrants of distraint against them, agreeably to the act of 
the General Assembly, for draughting men for the said ex- 
pedition, and to the order of the council of war, of the 
29th of September last, respecting the said expedition ; and 
that such warrants of distraint shall be returnable in twenty 
days after the issuing thereof, and be as valid, to all intents 
and purposes, and be executed in the same manner, as 
though they had been issued and executed within the time 
prescribed by the said act. 

It is voted and resolved, that Major General Spencer be, 

VOL. VIII. 40 



314 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [OCT., 

and he is hereby, requested to make application to His Ex- 
cellency Gov. Trumbull, for permission to retain the regi- 
ment under the command of Col. Ely, within this state, 
until the quota of troops to be furnished by the state of 
Connecticut shall arrive ; and that he be requested to de- 
tain the said regiment until he can receive an answer from 
His Excellency. 

It is voted and resolved, that one thousand pair of good 
yarn stockings be furnished by the several towns within 
this state, for the use of the soldiers, agreeably to the fol- 
lowing apportionment, to wit : 

Proportion of Yarn Stockings to be furnished by the several Towns, 
for the use of the Soldiers. 





Pair. 




Pair. 


Providence 


136 


Bristol, - 


28 


Warwick 


60 


Tiverton, 


44 


Westerly 


36 


Little Compton, 


40 


North Kingstown, - 


56 


Warren, 


12 


South Kingstown, 


108 


Cumberlann, 


28 


East Greenwich, 


32 


Richmond, - 


24 


Smithfield, 


64 


Cranston, 


44 


Scituate, 


48 


Hopkinton, - 


32 


Glocester, 


40 


Johnston, 


29 


Charlestowd, 


28 


North Providence, 


20 


West Greenwich, 


24 


Barrington, 


16 


Coventry, - 


28 






Exeter, 


32 




1,000 



And it is further voted and resolved, that the collectors 
of taxes within this state be, and they are hereby, appointed 
to purchase said stockings, proportioned to their respective 
towns, upon the best terms they can be procured ; and that 
they purchase and deliver the same to either of the com- 
mittees of safety within this state, by the 1st day of De- 
cember next ; and if the same cannot be purchased upon 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 315 

reasonable terms, the said collectors are empowered to im- 
press the said stockings, and allow a reasonable price for 
the same ; and the said collectors are directed to exhibit 
their accounts to the council of war, for adjustment. 

It is further voted and resolved, that copies hereof, be 
immediately transmitted to the several collectors of taxes 
within this state. 

Whereas, by a resolve of this Assembly, the families of 
officers, to the amount of one-quarter part of their wages, 
and the families of soldiers to the amount of their wages, 
should be furnished with such necessary articles as are enu- 
merated in the act to prevent monopoly and oppression, at 
the prices affixed in said act ; and the town councils of the 
several towns within this state were directed to appoint 
persons within their respective towns to purchase and fur- 
nish the said families with the necessaries aforesaid ; and 
whereas, the town councils of some of the said towns have 
neglected to appoint persons for the purpose aforesaid ; and 
in some of the towns, the persons who have been appointed, 
have neglected to execute the trust reposed in them, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that if any town 
council shall neglect to appoint persons for the purpose 
aforesaid, within fifteen days after the rising of this Assem- 
bly, they shall pay as a fine each member thereof, £6 law- 
ful money, to and for the use of this state. 

And if any person who shall be so appointed, shall refuse 
or neglect to accept and do the duty thereof, he shall pay 
as a fine, to and for the use of this state, £15, lawful money ; 
which fines are to be recovered by bill, plaint or informa- 
tion, in any court of record within this state. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that upon a certifi- 
cate being produced from the town clerk of the respective 
towns, of the families, and the numbers of which they con- 
sist, to be supplied, agreeably to said resolve, to the council 
of war, the said council are hereby empowered to order the 
persons who shall be appointed as aforesaid, such sums of 



316 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [OcTl, 

money as shall be necessary for furnishing said families) 
agreeably to the intent and meaning of said resolve. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that a copy hereof 
be immediately transmitted to the several town councils 
within this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that the Colonels Elliott, Stan- 
ton and Crary, make immediate returns to the council of 
war of all clothing which they have received, and of the de- 
ficiency of clothing due to their regiments. 

And that the Colonels Stanton and Crary receive each 
immediately of the committees of safety, or of Capt. Paul 
Allen, one hundred pair of shoes, one hundred pair of stock- 
ings, fifty pair of breeches, fifty shirts, fifty coats and 
seventy-two hats, to be distributed to their men, for sup- 
plying their present necessities. 

It is voted and resolved, that Rowse J. Helme, Esq., be 
allowed eighteen shillings for each day's attendance on the 
General Assembly or council of war. 

It is voted and resolved, that all those persons who live 
on Boston Neck and Point Judith, and other exposed parts 
of the sea-coast in this state, be directed to remove immedi- 
ately all their butter, cheese, corn and other grain (except- 
ing what shall be necessary for the use of their families,) 
three miles back from the salt water ; and that Col. Charles 
Dyer be, and he is hereby, appointed and fully empowered 
to see the same done. 

Members of the Council of War Appointed. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Excellency Nicholas 
Cooke, Esq., the Hon. William Bradford, Esq., the Hon. Ste- 
phen Hopkins, Esq., the Hon. William Greene, Esq., John 
Tanner, Ebenezer Thompson, Daniel Cahoone, James Arnold, 
Henry Ward, Thomas Rumreil, Samuel Babcock, Joshua Bab- 
cock, Gideon Hoxsie, Cromel Child, Job Comstock, Gideon 
Comstock and John Updike, Esqs., be the members of the 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 317 

council of war, to act in the recess of the General Assem- 
bly, agreeably to the act establishing the said council. 

It is voted and resolved, that James Congdon, 3d, be, and 
he is hereby, empowered to draw £500, lawful money, out 
of the general treasury, as one of the committee of safety. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Northup, Esq., as one 
of the committee of safety, be, and he is hereby, empowered 
to draw the sum of £500, lawful money, out of the general 
treasury. 

Whereas, by a resolve of this Assembly, passed at the last 
session, one-half of the militia, independent, artillery and 
alarm companies within this state, were draughted, and have 
done duty for one month, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the remaining half-part of 
said militia, independent, artillery and alarm companies, be 
draughted into two divisions, on the 6th day of November 
instant, 

That on the 7th day of November instant, one of the said 
divisions being first formed into companies, and having 
proper officers assigned to command them, by the field offi- 
cers of the said regiments of militia, and commanders of in- 
dependent, artillery and alarm companies, shall march to 
such place or places as shall be ordered by Gen. Spencer, or 
his successor in command, and do duty for the space of 
thirty days from the said 7th day of November inst. 

It is further voted and resolved, that each non-commis- 
sioned officer and private, who* shall be draughted and do 
duty as aforesaid, shall be allowed as a bounty, forty 
shillings, and the same wages as are allowed the non- 
commissioned officers and privates in the Continental 
service. 

It is further voted and resolved, that the other division 
of said militia, independent, artillery and alarm companies, 
be formed into companies, and officered as aforesaid ; and 
that they march to such place or places, as shall be directed 
by Gen. Spencer, or his successor in command, on the 6th 
day of December next, and do duty for the space of thirty 



318 EECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [OCT. r 

days, unless discharged or counter ordered by the General 
Assembly, or council of war, and be entitled to the same 
bounty and wages, as the said first division. 

And the said field officers and commanders of companies,, 
are required on the said 6th day of November, to cause said 
draught then to be made, upon the penalty of £50, to be 
recovered for the use of this state. 

It is further voted and resolved, that if any person who 
shall be draughted as aforesaid, shall neglect to do duty, or 
hire a man to do his tour of duty, the town council of the 
town in which such person shall reside, are empowered to 
hire a manjn the room of such delinquent person, and to pro- 
vide in manner as is directed by an act for the relief of per- 
sons of tender conscience, if the delinquent person be adjudged 
by such town council of sufficient ability to bear the expense 
thereof; or otherwise, the said field officers are empowered 
and directed to proceed in manner as is directed by a re- 
solve of the council of war, of the 29th day of September 
last. 

It is further voted and resolved, that the towns which 
have furnished their quota of the men assigned them for 
filling up the brigade raised by this state, for fifteen 
months, or any part thereof, shall have credit, and be ex- 
cused from an equal number of men now ordered out to do 
their tour of duty, to be drawn by lot from those of the re- 
spective towns who may be draughted by virtue of this 
resolve. * 

It is further voted and resolved, that the field officers of 
said regiments be directed to cause all such able-bodied men 
as were draughted to go upon the late intended expedition 
against the enemy on Rhode Island, who did not do duty 
themselves, and in whose stead some other person did not 
do duty, to do their tour of duty with the first division now 
ordered out. 

It is further voted and resolved, that copies of this act be 
immediately transmitted to the colonels of said regiments, 
and commanders of said independent companies. 



1777-] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 319 

It is voted and resolved, that the members of the council 
of war be allowed twelve shillings per day. 

It is voted and resolved, that the council of Avar be, and 
they are hereby, directed to appoint suitable persons to ap- 
ply to the neighboring states, and request of them to send 
their respective quotas of troops, to defend the shores of 
this state ; and to remonstrate to the state of Connecticut 
against a late act of the said state, laying an embargo on 
provisions within the same. 

Whereas, Benjamin Underwood, Esq., hath represented to 
this Assembly, that he is possessed of a bond for money here- 
tofore lent to this state ; that an act of this Assembly was-, 
passed, requiring the possessors of bonds, &c, on interest, to. 
receive their money out of the treasury within a certain time, 
and directing that no interest should be allowed on the same- 
after the expiration of the said time ; and that he had no- 
knowledge of the said act until many months after the same 
was passed, which prevented his making application for his 
money and interest within the time limited ; and thereupon 
requested this Assembly to allow him his money and inter- 
est to this time ; — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the general treas- 
urer pay unto the said Benjamin Underwood the money due 
on the said bond, with interest until this time, out of the 
general treasury ; any act to the contrary, notwithstanding. 
Voted and resolved, that the following accounts be paid 
out of the general treasury, viz. : 

Bills Ordered to be Paid. 

£ s. ci. 
Charles Shearman, for subsisting soldiers in Lieutenant Colonel Barton's 

command 7 04 

John Northup, one of the committee of safety ; balance due due him 719 03 

Christopher Smith, for his services as lieutenant colonel in the fifteen 

months' brigade 77 04 

John Sayles, for small arms and bayonets for the use of militia of the town 

of Smithfield, drafted for the late expedition against Rhode Island 36 00 

William Channing, for services as assistant clerk of the lower house 7 02 

Col. Joseph Stanton, for clothing furnished a deserter from the 54th British 

regiment, who swam off Rhode Island, entirely naked 13 15 

God save the United States of America. 



320 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [OCT., 



Henry Laurens to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Yorktown, Pennsylvania, 1st November, 1777. 
Sir : — The arras of the United States of America having been blessed in the present 
campaign with remarkable success, Congress have resolved to recommend that one 
day, Thursday, the 18th December next, be set apart to be observed by all the inhab- 
itants throughout these states, for a general thanksgiving to Almighty God. And I 
have it in command to transmit to you the enclosed extract from the minutes of Con- 
gress for that purpose. 

Your Honor will be pleased to take the necessary measures for carrying the resolve 
into effect in the state in which you preside. 

You will likewise find enclosed, a certified copy of a minute, which will 6how Your 
Honor the authority under which I address you. 

I am, with great esteem and regard, sir, 

Your Honor's most obedient, and most humble servant, 

HENRY LAURENS. 
To the Honorable Governor Cooke, Rhode Island. 

Henri/ Laurens, President of the Continental Congress, to the Gov- 
ernor of Rhode Island. 

Yorktown, Pennsylvania, 28th November, 1777. 

Sir : — I had the honor of addressing you under the 1st inst, since which I have re- 
ceived uone of your favors. 

I have now in charge to forward to you the under mentioned copies of minutes and 
resolves of Congress, which will go enclosed with this : 

Of articles of confederation and perpetual union between the United States of 
America — three books. 

Of address from Congress to the states respectively, recommending the immediate 
consideration of that important plan for compact. 

Urging the necessity for taxation in each state, in order to raise $5,000,000 in the 
year 1778, for the service of the United States, and as one mean for establishing public 
credit ; recommending also confiscation and sale of the estates jof persons who have 
forfeited the right of protection, and for other purposes. 

These papers, so expressive as they are, of the meaning and good views of Congress, 
require no attempt to a more minute detail of their contents. 

It remains, therefore, only to repeat the request of Congress, that you will be pleased 
to take the earliest opportunity of laying them before the Legislature of your state. 
I have the honor to be, with very great respect, sir, 

Your Excellency's obedient and most humble servant, 

HENRY LAURENS, President of Congress. 

To His Excellency Nicholas Cooke, Esq., i 

Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. [ 



1777.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 321 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at East Greenwich, on 
Monday, the 1st day of December, 1777. 

His Excellency Nicholas Cooke, Governor. 
The Hon. William Bradford, Deputy Governor. 

The following resolution of the Most Honorable Conti- 
nental Congress being read : 

Resolution of the Continental Congress, appointing a Day of Thanks- 
giving throughout the United States. 

" Lv Congress, Nov. 1st, 1777. 

Forasmuch as it is the indispensable duty of all men to adore the superintending 
providence of Almighty God ; to acknowledge, with gratitude, their obligation to him 
for benefits received; and to implore such further blessings as they stand in need of: 
and it having pleased him, in his abundant mercy, not only to continue to us 
the innumerable bounties of his common providence, but also to smile upon us in the 
prosecution of a just and necessary war, for the defence and establishment of our un- 
alienable rights and liberties ; particularly in that he hath been pleased, in so great a 
measure, to prosper the means used for the support of our troops, and to crown our 
arms with most signal success. 

It is therefore recommended to the legislative or executive powers of these United 
States, to set apart Thursday, the 18th day of December next, for solemn thanksgiving 
and praise ; that at one time, and with one voice, the good people may express the 
grateful feelings of their hearts, and consecrate themselves to the service of their 
divine Benefactor ; and that, together with their sincere acknowledgments and offer- 
ings, they may join the penitent confession of their manifold sins, whereby they had 
forfeited every favor ; and their humble and earnest supplication that it may please 
God, through the merits of Jesus Christ, mercifully to forgive and blot them out of re- 
membrance. 

That it may please him graciously to afford his blessing on the governments of these 
states respectively, and prosper the public Council of the whole. 

To inspire our commanders both by land and sea, and all under them, with that 
wisdom and fortitude which may render them fit instruments, under the providence of 
Almighty God, to secure for these United States the greatest of all human blessings, 
independence and peace. 

That it may please him to prosper the trade and manufactures of the people, and 
the labor of the husbandman, that our land may yield its increase. 

To take schools and seminaries of education, so necessary for cultivating the prin- 
ciples of true liberty, virtue and piety, under his nuturing hand ; and to prosper the 
vol. viii. 41 



322 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC, 

means of religion for the promotion and enlargement of that kingdom which consisteth 
' in righteousness, peace and joy in the Holy GJiost.' 

And it is further recommended, that servile labor, and such recreation as, though at 
other times innocent, may be unbecoming the purpose of this appointment, may be 
omitted on so solemn an occasion. CHA. THOMPSON, Sec'ry." 

It is voted and resolved, that Thursday, the 18th clay of 
December instant, be set apart for a clay of solemn thanks- 
giving and jjraise, throughout this state, agreeably to the 
above resolve ; and that all servile labor and recreation is 
forbidden on that clay ; and His Excellency the Governor is 
desired to issue a proclamation accordingly. 

It is voted and resolved, that the persons now on board 
the flag of truce from Newport, be permitted to land at 
Warwick Neck or Pawtuxet ; and that Thomas Cook, Jr., 
Godfrey Brown and Henry Northup, be immediately landed 
and brought before this Assembly. 

Whereas, Mr. JeofTry Willcox, by a vote of this house, 
is not received as a member thereof, being suspected to be 
unfriendly to this state, — 

It is therefore resolved, that the freemen of the town of 
Exeter be, and they are hereby, directed and empowered, 
to choose another deputy in his room, to represent said 
town in this Assembly. 

Whereas, it hath been represented to this Assembly, that 
there are coarse woolen cloths, stockings and linen to be dis- 
posed of at Newburyport, on reasonable terms, for the use 
of the army ; and whereas, the soldiers belonging to this 
state are in great want of clothing, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that John Eeynolds, 
Esq., be, and he is hereby, empowered in behalf of this 
state, to proceed to Newburyport, and purchase such arti- 
cles as may be suitable for the purpose aforesaid ; and he is 
hereby empowered to draw out of the general treasury a 
sum not exceeding £3,000, lawful money, for executing 
said business. 

It is voted and resolved, that Peter Phillips, Esq., be, and 
he is hereby, empowered to draw £300, lawful money, out 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 323 

of the general treasury ; and that he re-pay the same as 
soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Reynolds, Esq., be al- 
lowed five per cent, commissions for the clothing heretofore 
purchased by him in behalf of this state. 

Whereas, this Assembly is informed that the farm, and ap- 
purtenances in Little Compton, sold by Col. Thomas Church 
to Mr. Gideon Sisson, is still in the possession of said 
Col. Church, but who proposes to give up the possession 
thereof, soon ; and as it does not appear that Mr. Sisson has 
empowered any person to take possession of said farm, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that Col. William Rich- 
mond be, and he is hereby, empowered to receive the pos- 
session of said farm and appurtenances, and deliver the same 
to Capt, William Taggart on the 25th day of March next, 
to improve the same for his own advantage, to support him- 
self and family, rent free ; that he hold possession thereof, 
one year or longer, at the pleasure of the General Assem- 
bly ; and that said William Taggart be, and he is hereby, 
empowered to draw £300, lawful money, out of the general 
treasury, for the support of himself and family, the ensuing 
winter, as a gratuity for his sufferings and damages sus- 
tained by his extraordinary exertions in behalf of, and for, 
the advantage of this state, in the late intended expedition 
against the enemy, on Rhode Island. 

It is voted and resolved, that Col. William Richmond be, 
and he is hereby, empowered to collect the money arising 
from the sale of cattle and sheep, belonging to Gervas 
Elam, late of Portsmouth, deceased, and Metcalf Bowler, 
which were brought from Rhode Island, upon the appear- 
ance of the enemy's fleet, in December last, and that he pay 
the same into the treasury. 

Whereas, a great uneasiness prevails among the officers 
and soldiers belonging to the brigade raised for fifteen 
months, and doing duty in this state, for want of clothes 
and other necessaries, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the said officers 



324 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC. 

and soldiers be punctually supplied with clothes now due to 
them by agreement, as soon as may be. 

And that those non-commissioned officers and soldiers 
who have received money in lieu of clothing, or who are 
destitute of any articles of clothing, and which are not due 
to them by contract, be furnished therewith by either of the 
committees of safety within this state, at the prices at which 
clothing was fixed, and which have been paid in lieu of the 
same ; and the said committees of safety are hereby directed 
to furnish them accordingly. 

It is further voted and resolved, that said brigade be fur- 
nished with fifty pounds weight of sugar per hundred men 
per week, in lieu of butter and molasses, and with sauce ac- 
cording to Continental rations. 

That the same be purchased under the direction of the 
commanding officers of the regiments in said brigade ; and 
that they apply to the council of war for such sums of 
money as will be necessary for procuring the same. 

Whereas, agreeably to a resolve of this Assembly, the 
town council of the several towns within this state, have 
hired men in the room of persons who have been drafted, 
and neglected to do duty ; and whereas, some of the persons 
so drafted, and neglecting to duty as aforesaid, have no 
goods or chattels, or have concealed the same, so that a 
warrant of distress, issued agreeably to said resolve, cannot 
be satisfied ; and it having been represented that some of 
the said persons are seized of large real estates, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that said town councils 
be, and they are hereby, empowered to take possession of 
the real estates of such persons, and lease the same ; or cut 
as much w r ood upon the same, and dispose thereof, as will 
be sufficient to satisfy the money expended in hiring the 
men to do duty in their room ; unless the persons who have 
been drafted, and neglected to do duty, shall, upon notice 
hereof, otherwise discharge the same. 

Whereas, this state hath not received that benefit from the 
company of boatmen, who were enlisted under the command 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 325 

of Major Nathan Mimro, as was expected when they were 
ordered to be raised ; and they are very expensive, — 

It is voted and resolved, that said company, both officers 
and men, be disbanded and dismissed from the service of 
this state, within twenty days next after the rising of this 
Assembly ; and that General Spencer have notice hereof, 
that in the mean time he may collect all the boats that 
have been taken into Continental service by him, and re- 
turn them to the several places they have been taken 
from. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sheriff, for the county of 
Kings, forthwith take possession of the farm in North Kings- 
town, lately belonging to Gervas Elam, in behalf of this 
state ; that he prevent any waste being committed on the 
same ; and that Mr. Thomas Hazard, who is at present in 
possession of said estate, account with the state for the rents 
and profits of the same. 

It is further voted and resolved, that the said sheriff take 
possession of a certain farm in South Kingstown, in behalf 
of this state, belonging to Stephen Ayrault ; that the tenant 
who is in possession thereof, account for the rents and 
profits of the same, with this state. 

That the sheriff also take possession of a farm in South 
Kingstown, belonging to Gideon Sissson, in behalf of this 
state ; and that the tenant account for the rents. 

It is voted and resolved, that Col. Crary be empowered to 
draw £100, lawful money, out of the general treasury, for 
purchasing sauce for the use of the troops of his regiment, 
and of the regiment under the command of Col. Barton, 
agreeably to a resolve of this Assembly. 

That William Bennett, who is in possession of the sugar 
belonging to this state, deliver to Colonel Crary two hogs- 
heads thereof, for the same purpose ; and that Col. Crary 
account therefor, to this Assembly ; or, in the recess there- 
of, to the council of war. 

Whereas, Henry Ward, Esq., hath laid before this Assem- 
bly, a letter, wherein request is made by General Pigot, that 



326 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC, 

permit be given that some wine, tea and sugar, may be sent 
by him to General Burgoyne ; wherefore — 

Resolved, that permission be, and hereby is, given unto 
General Pigot, to send the aforesaid articles to General Bur- 
goyne, in a cartel vessel, directed to the care of Mr. Ward ; 
and that the same be forwarded for the purpose aforesaid. 

An Act to prevent the soldiery, within this state, selling 
and squandering away the camp utensils, &c. 

Whereas, it frequently happens that the inhabitants and 
others, in this state, being instigated with a sordid, selfish view 
of making gain and advantage to themselves, do purchase and 
receive of the soldiery within this state, their guns, blankets 
and camp utensils ; which is of the most pernicious conse- 
quence, and ought to be speedily prevented ; in order, there- 
fore, to remedy such mal-practices for the future, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the 
authority thereof it is enacted, that if any person or per- 
sons whoever, shall purchase, or take in pledge, of any sol- 
dier or soldiers belonging or serving in this state, any 
clothes, guns, bayonets, or camp utensils whatever, that he, 
she or they, so offending, shall, upon conviction thereof, for- 
feit and pay as a fine therefor, to and for the use of this state, 
six fold the value or price of such article by him or them so 
received ; or shall suffer such corporal punishment as the 
court before whom he, she or they, shall be convicted, shall 
adjudge adequate to such offence, together with all lawful cost. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
each and every person who shall knowingly and willingly 
conceal any article or articles whatever, belonging to this 
state, or the United States in general, which have been de- 
livered out for the use of the soldiers, shall be deemed as 
purchasers, and suffer accordingly. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the aforesaid crimes shall be heard and determined before 
any courts, within this state, where the same are cog- 
nizable. 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 327 

It is voted and resolved, that John Reynolds, Esq., deliver 
nnto Col. Crary twenty pair of breeches, for the use of his 
regiment ; and also that he deliver twenty pair of breeches 
unto the commanding officer of the regiment late com- 
manded by Col. Stanton, for the use of that regiment. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Northup, Esq., one of 
the committee of safety, deliver unto Col. Crary, for the use 
of his regiment, one hundred shirts, one hundred pair of 
stockings and fifteen pair of shoes ; and also that he deliver 
unto the commanding officer of the regiment late command- 
ed by Col. Stanton, one hundred shirts, one hundred pair 
of stockings and fifteen pair of shoes, for the use of that 
regiment. 

It is voted and resolved, that Ezekiel Cornell, Esq., be, 
and he is hereby, appointed brigadier general of this state's 
troops, until further orders of this Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that one-fourth part of the mili- 
tia, independent, artillery and alarm companies, heretofore 
drafted to do duty on the 6th clay of December insi, be not 
called upon duty upon the said 6th day of December, but 
that they be discharged from the same until the further 
orders of this Assembly, or the council of war. 

It is further voted and resolved, that the towns on the 
sea coast, in which no troops are stationed, be empowered 
to enlist (if they think it necessary for the safety thereof,) a 
sergeant and twelve men, as artillery men, or otherwise to 
do duty within said towns, and guard the shores of the 
same. 

That the aforesaid companies be under the same rules, 
regulations and command, as the fifteen months' brigade 
are ; and that so much of the act establishing artillery com- 
panies within said towns, as empowers them to appoint two 
officers to fourteen men, be, and the same is hereby, re- 
pealed. 

It is further voted and resolved, that weekly returns be 
made by the sergeant to Major General Spencer ; and that 
they be allowed as a bounty, forty shillings, lawful money, per 



228 KECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DeC. ? 

month, and be entitled to the same wages and rations as 
non-commissioned officers and soldiers in the Continental 
service. 

It is voted and resolved, that the time for payment of the 
tax of £32,000, lawful money, ordered to be assessed upon 
the inhabitants of this state, at the session of this Assembly 
in August last, be lengthened to the 1st day of January 
next. 

That the general treasurer be empowered to issue war- 
rants for collecting the same, within fifteen days from the 
rising of this Assembly ; and that the said sum be paid in, 
on the said 1st day of January, without interest. 

Whereas, Jos. Stanton, Jr., Esq., colonel of one of the regi- 
ments raised for fifteen months, hath represented unto this 
Assembly, that he hath considered himself as having re- 
signed his commission since the 10th day of November last, 
and hath requested this Assembly to approbate his resigna- 
tion ; wherefore — 

Resolved, that the resignation of the said Joseph Stan- 
ton, Jr., be accepted ; and that he be dismissed from said 
command. 

It is further voted and resolved, that William Barton, 
Esq., now lieutenant colonel of said regiment, be, and he is 
hereby, appointed colonel, thereof, in the place of said Col. 
Joseph Stanton, Jr. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that Nathaniel Haw- 
kins, Esq., now major of said regiment, be, and he is hereby, 
appointed lieutenant colonel of said regiment, in the room 
of the said William Barton, Esq., who is advanced. 

Whereas, Samuel Segar, Stephen Champlin and Freeman 
Perry, three of the members of the town council of South 
Kingstown, preferred a petition, and represented unto this 
Assembly, that when the men ordered to be raised to join 
General Spencer's camp, were drafted in said town, a num- 
ber of persons were drafted, who refused to do duty ; that 
they hired men in the stead of Stephen Haszard, Wilkinson 
Browning, Sylvester Robinson, Josiah Clarke, Peleg Garcl- 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 329 

ner, Robert Rodman and William Knowles, being part of 
those who refused to serve, which cost the sum of £354, as 
will appear by receipts produced. 

That they are persuaded their brethren will not pretend 
they could hire cheaper. 

That the}'' have produced to a full council their receipts, 
and moved for an order of council that warrants of distress 
might be issued against the delinquents ; and that the coun- 
cil being divided, such have been the proceedings, they are 
deprived of every means of relief for the large sums ad- 
vanced, unless by the interposition of this Assembly ; and 
thereupon prayed this Assembly to point out some method 
by which they may be re-paid the large sums advanced, 
and have some satisfaction for the expense and trouble 
they have been put to ; and the premises being duly con- 
sidered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the town council issue war- 
rants of distraint for the money expended, and the interest 
and cost that have arisen thereon, against the above named 
persons for whom the men were hired, agreeably to a re- 
solve of this Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that James Potter, with his wife 
and child, and Sarah Perry, be permitted to go in a flag to 
the island of Rhode Island, from such place as shall be ap- 
probated by General Spencer, or the council of war. 

It is voted and resolved, that Col. Dyer forthwith appre- 
hend Ezra Gleason, who, it hath been represented to this 
Assembly, hath uniformly in his conduct and conversation 
manifested himself inimical to the liberties of America ; and 
that he send him to the council of war, to be dealt with ac- 
cordingly; and Col. Charles Dyer is required to notify 
those persons who have been witnesses to his said conduct 
and conversation, to attend said council, to give information 
respecting the same. 

It is voted and resolved, that Peter Phillips, Esq., be, and 
he is hereby, appointed to proceed to the state of Connec- 

vol. vin. 42 



330 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC,, 

ticut, and purchase there a quantity of provisions for the 
use of the troops within this state ; and that he apply to 
the council of war for orders on the general treasurer, for 
such sum or sums of money as they shall think proper for 
the purpose aforesaid. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committees of safety 
forthwith pay the bounty and wages due to the militia, who 
were drafted, and did duty in the late intended expedition 
against the enemy on Rhode Island, excepting the wages 
due the commissioned officers in the regiment late under 
the command of Col. Dyer ; and that their wages be detained 
until certain guns delivered said regiment, in said expedi- 
tion, which are missing, be returned. 

It is voted and resolved, that two hundred, one-quarter, and 
twenty-four pounds of iron, in the hands of Mr. Isaac Man- 
chester, belonging to this state, be sold to the said Isaac at 
£12, per hundred weight; and that he pay the amount 
thereof, into the treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that William Greene, Caleb "Al- 
clrich and John Dexter, Esqs., be a committee to secure, and 
carefully examine, the records and papers of the Meeting of 
Sufferings, within this state ; and that they make report to 
the council of war, that they may thereupon proceed agree- 
ably to a resolve of Congress. 

It is voted and resolved, that a tax of £48,000, lawful 
money, be assessed upon the inhabitants of this state, to be 
levied, collected and paid into the general treasury, by the 
1st day of March next. 

That the same be proportioned according to the last ap- 
portionment. 

That after the same is proportioned, as aforesaid, so much 
shall be deducted from the proportion of the town of Provi- 
dence, as shall be equal to the apportioned value of £2 5,» 
000 ; so much from the proportion of the town of Bristol, as 
shall be equal to the apportioned value of £10,000 ; so 
much from the proportion of the town of East Greenwich, 
as shall be equal to the apportioned value of £2,750, 



1771] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 331 



That the proportionment of the other towns, be agreea- 
bly to the said apportionment. 

That the poll tax be sixpence for every £1,000. 

That Mr. Nathaniel Mumford proportion said tax, and 
draft a bill agreeably to an act for levying a tax of £32,- 
000 ; with this addition, that the towns be thereby empow- 
ered to appoint new collectors and assessors. 

That the tax be paid in, in Continental or this state's 
money ; and that he report the same to the council of war ; 
which act being found by the said council to be agreeably 
to this resolve, shall be in force, and considered as an act of 
this Assembly. 

Dissent from the above Resolution. 

The subscribers dissent from the vote of the lower bouse of Asssembly, passed De- 
cember 6th, A. D. 1777, ordering a tax to be laid upon the inhabitants of this state, for 
the following reasons, viz. : 

Because, by the general estimate taken in the year 1767, the town of Providence 
stood valued at the sum of .£125,000 lawful money; and in order to induce the Gen- 
eral Assembly to consent to begin taxation, the representatives of the town of Provi- 
dence, in March last, agreed to have the sum of £100,000, in value, added to the esti- 
mate of the said town, with the express reserve that the said proportion should not be 
brought into precedent in the apportioning any future tax. 

And because the General Assembly have since apportioned a tax of £32,000, and 
have afforded the said town of Providence no relief, they having petitioned for the 
same. 

And because the same General Assembly have, by their vote of the 6th of this in- 
stant December, ordered another tax of £48,000, in which they have kept on the sum 
of £75,000, that was part of the £100,000, that was added as aforesaid, to the estimate 
of the said town, in the £16,000 tax. 

And because the representatives of the said town have solicited for relief from the 
abovesaid sum. 

The situation of the town of Providence being now very different from what it was 
when the £100,000 was added to the estimate of the town, arising from an invasion of 
the state ; a long blocking up of the port of the town ; a removal of a large number 
of the inhabitants, with their personal estates, to the amount of many thousand 
pounds ; almost an entire stoppage of all trade and commerce ; many and great ex- 
penses daily arising to the town from the high prices of all the necessaries of life ; 
with many other great burthens with which the country in general is not distressed ; 
all which different circumstances are not considered in said vote. 

Against which, from its illegality, and in justice to ourselves and our constituents, 
we do, in the most solemn manner, dissent and protest. JOHN UPDIKE, 

JABEZ BO WEN, 

East Greenwich, Dec. 6th, 1777. THEODOREE FOSTE. 



332 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC, 

It is voted and resolved, that General Cornell forthwith 
sell, at public vendue, the horses heretofore purchased for 
the use of the state ; and that he render an account thereof, 
to the council of war. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. Nathaniel Mumford, 
Joseph Coggeshall and Benjamin Stelle, he a committee to 
hear and determine the demands of Mr. George Irish, against 
this state, respecting his cattle and sheep brought off from 
the island of Rhode Island, and all other his accounts against 
this state ; and that they make report to this Assembly as 
soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that two thousand pair of men's 
good yarn stockings be furnished by the several towns within 
this state, for the use of the soldiers, agreeably to the fol- 
lowing proportion, viz. : 

Proportion of Yarn Stockings to be furnished by the several Toivns, 
for the use of the Soldiers. 





Pair. 




Pair. 


Providence 


272 


Bristol, - 


56 


Warwick 


120 


Tiverton, 


88 


Westerly 


72 


Little Compton, 


80 


North Kingstown, - 


112 


Warren, 


24 


South Kingstown, 


216 


Cumberland, 


56 


East Greenwich, 


64 


Richmond, - 


48 


Smithfield, 


128 


Cranston, 


88 


Scituate, 


96 


Hopkinton, - 


64 


Glocester, 


80 


Johnston, 


40 


Charlestown, 


56 


North Providence, 


40 


West Greenwich, 


48 


Barrington, 


32 


Coventry, - 


56 






Exeter, 


64 




2,000 



And it is further voted and resolved, that the several col- 
lectors of taxes within the respective towns be, and they 
are hereby, authorized, empowered and directed, to procure 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 333 

the aforesaid stockings by the best ways and means they 
can devise, either by purchasing or distraining the same ; 
that the said collectors be empowered to receive said stock- 
ings on account of the taxes, which they are, or may be, 
empowered to collect ; that one thousand pair of said stock- 
ings be delivered unto Mr. Paul Allen, of Providence, with- 
in twenty, and the other thousand pair within forty days 
next after the rising of this Assembly ; that the collectors 
be allowed five per cent, commissions for procuring the 
same ; that the accounts be laid before the council of war, 
to be adjusted ; and that the money, for the stockings afore- 
said, be paid out of the general treasury. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that if any of the 
collectors aforesaid, shall distrain or impress any stockings 
from the inhabitants, the same shall be appraised by said 
collector, and the value paid to the persons. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that if any of the 
towns aforesaid, shall neglect or refuse to raise their quota, 
and proportion of said stockings, as is before proportioned 
within the time aforesaid, and deliver them as aforesaid, 
they shall forfeit and pay into the general treasury of this 
state $8, for each and every pair of stockings for which 
they are delinquent ; to be recovered by the general treas- 
urer, to and for the use of this state, by bill or plaint in any 
court of record proper to try the same. 

It is further voted and resolved, that copies hereof, be im- 
mediately sent to the several town clerks within the towns 
aforesaid, to be delivered the said collectors. 

It is voted and resolved, that the militia and alarm com- 
pany of the town of Little Compton be drafted into two di- 
visions on the 10th day of December inst., and be formed 
into companies, with proper officers. 

That one of the said divisions do duty within the said 
town, to guard the shores of the same, for the space of 
thirty days from the said 10th day of December. 

That after the expiration of the said thirty days, the first 



334 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC, 

division be relieved by the second, who shall do duty within 
the said town, for the space of thirty days. 

That they continue to relieve each other, and do duty 
in manner as aforesaid, until the further orders of this As- 
sembly. 

That the commanding officers of the militia and alarm 
companies, in the said town, cause the said draft to be 
made, and the said division to be duly relieved, agreeably to 
this resolve. 

That they be stationed by General Spencer, and be under 
the immediate command of the commanding officer of the 
alarm company in said town ; and that they be under the 
same rules, regulations and command, as the brigade raised 
by this state, for fifteen months. 

It is further voted and resolved, that if any pereson who 
shall be drafted, as aforesaid, shall refuse or neglect to do 
duty, the town council hire a man in the room of such de- 
linquent person, and proceed in manner as is directed by a 
resolve of this Assembly, passed at the session in October 
last. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that each non^ 
commissioned officer and private, who shall do duty as afore- 
said, be allowed, as a bounty, forty shillings, lawful money ; 
and that the officers and privates be allowed the same wages 
and rations as the officers and privates in the Continental 
service. 

Whereas, John Grimes, late commander of the private 
ship of war American Tartar, hath represented unto this As- 
sembly that he Avas captured during his cruise by one of the 
British ships of war, and carried into Halifax. 

That being there a prisoner, he was suffered by Sir 
George Collier to return to Boston, upon his parole. 

That either the master of the British ship Fox, who is a 
prisoner of war within the state of Massachusetts Bay, 
should be released in his stead, or that he would surrender 
himself a prisoner of war again. 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 335 

That the said master of the Fox is designed to be ex- 
changed for the late master of the Continental ship Han- 
cock, who is a prisoner of war at Halifax. 

That the master of the British ship of war Syren, is here 
a prisoner ; and it hath been proposed that he should be 
held, in order to exchange for Mr. Esek Hopkins, Jr., who 
was an acting lieutenant on board the Providence sloop, 
and is a prisoner of war at Halifax ; and that Mr. Otway, 
lieutenant in the British frigate Lark, was captured 
by this state's troops, and will be exchanged for said Hop- 
kins, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that it be, and hereby 
is, earnestly requested of the Honorable Major General 
Spencer to suffer and permit the said Lieutenant Otway to 
be given up, in order to redeem said Mr. Hopkins from cap^ 
tivity ; and that, upon General Spencer's permitting the 
said Otway to be given in exchange, as aforesaid, the late 
master of the British ship Syren, who is here a prisoner, shall 
be delivered up to be exchanged for the master of the Han- 
cock, or Capt. Grimes. 

The following resolve of the Most Honorable the Conti- 
nental Congress being read, — 

Postmasters and Eiders excused from Military Duty. 

"In Congress, May 12th, 1777. 
Resolved, that all post masters, post riders, and persons immediately concerned in 
conducting the business of the post office, ought to be exempted from all military 
duties ; and that it be recommended to the legislatures of the different states to exempt 
such persons accordingly. CHA. THOMPSON, Sec'ry." 

In conformity whereto, — 

It is voted and resolved, that post masters, post riders, 
and all persons immediately concerned in conducting the 
business of the post office, within this state, be, and they are 
hereby, exempted from all military duties, agreeably to the 
foregoing resolve. 

It is voted and resolved, that Stephen Mumford, Esq., be, 



336 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC, 

and he is hereby, appointed to examine the state of the 
sugar belonging to this state, in the town of Warwick, and 
report the same the council of war; and that said council 
apply said sugar to such uses as may be most for the interest 
of this state. 

Whereas, two of the companies of militia, of the town of 
Smithfield, belong to the second regiment, in the county of 
Providence ; and one company in said town, belongs to the 
first regiment, in said county; and it being found that 
many inconveniences attend the said companies being so 
divided, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the first company 
of militia in the town of Smithfield, shall, in future, belong 
to the second regiment, in the county of Providence, and 
be under the direction and command of the field officers of 
the same ; any act to the contrary, notwithstanding. 

God save the United States of America, 

Henru Laurens, P resident of the Continental Congress, to the Gov- 
ernor of Rhode Island. 

Yorktown, od December, 1777. 

Sir: — The last which I had the honor of writing to you, was dated the 28th ult., 
and forwarded by Messenger Fred. Weare, to which I beg leave to refer. 

Congress, ever watchful over the United States of America, and diligent to defeat 
the numerous and various practices of our grand enemy, equally cruel and subtle, 
have taken under consideration a device calculated for depreciating the value of money 
issued by authority of Congress, and of the several states, after the good people had 
found it necessary to assert their rights and to take government into their own hands. 
The pernicious stratagem now in view, although the discovery of it is not quite new, 
appears more glaring from a late publication in Philadelphia, subscribed by a very 
great number of those misguided persons who chose to remain in the city, and wel- 
come the enemy to rivet their fetters. 

It is also notorious that many timid and lukewarm friends in several of the states, 
have, from motives probably more avaricious than directly inimical, long given a great 
preference to what is called the old money, which evidently tends to lessen the esti- 
mation and currency of the new ; and does in the same instance demonstrate, if not an 
inclination to overturn our independence, apprehensions which ought to be banished 
from the mind of every inhabitant in the Union. 

From an earnest desire therefore, to counteract the wicked projects of our enemies, 
and to rectity such errors of our almost friends, Congress have confirmed a resolution 



1777.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 337 



of this date, recommending to the states respectively to enact laws sufficient for ac- 
complishing these good ends. 

I have the honor of forwarding the resolve under this cover, which Your Honor 
will be pleased to lay before the Legislature of Rhode Island and Providence Plan- 
tations. I am, with very great regard and esteem, sir, 

Your Honor's most obedient servant, 

HENRY LAURENS, President of Congress. 
To Hon. Governor Cooke, Esq., Rhode Island, &c. 

Gen. Pigot to Lieut Gen. Burgoyne. 

Newport, Rhode Island, Dec. 5th, 1777. 

Dear Sir : — I have the pleasure to acquaint you that the Raisonable man-of-war, 
with twenty-six transports, under convoy from the Delaware, are off the harbor's 
mouth, that eight of the transports are got in, and their orders are to take your troops 
on board here. 

That no time may be lost, and that you may have the earliest information, I send 
this under cover to M. G. Spencer, and have begged of him to forward it to you by 
express ; when I get my letters, if I receive any orders which are to be communicated 
to you, will send you another express. 

I would recommend to you to apply to the council at Providence for permission to 
be supplied with sheep, fowls and other live stock from the Seaconnet or Narragan- 
sctt shore, or in such manner as they shall think proper, as this island does not 

abound -. I hope soon to have the pleasure of seeing you here, and will 

have a house ready to receive you. 

I am, dear sir, your most obedient and most humble servant, 

RICHARD PIGOT. 

To Lieut. Gen. Burgoyne. 

The Governor of Rhode Island to the Council of the Stcde of 
Massachusetts. 

State of Rhode Island, &c, > 

In Council Chamber, Providence, Dec. 7th, 1777. \ 

Gent. : — General Spencer having favored us with a copy of a letter from General 
Pigot to General Burgoyne, which hath been forwarded to him ; we observe that it is 
intended that Mr. Burgoyne and his late army should embark at Newport, as trans- 
ports are arrived at that place for their reception. 

We woukl suggest to you, gentlemen, that it appears by the convention agreed to 
by General Gates, that it was his intention that Mr. Burgoyne's troops should not in- 
termix with the other troops of the British King, serving in America; as the port of 
Boston was assigned for their embarkation. It is our design to fulfil that convention 
in every matter that may come within our department. 

On the other hand, we do not intend to be accessory to giving them greater advan- 
tages than they can derive therefrom. For which reason, gentlemen, we cannot pre- 
vail with ourselves to admit Mr. Burgoyne's late army within our state, in order to 
proceed to Newport, as we are sensible of the many disadvantages that may arise to 
the United States therefrom. 

Please to communicate to General Burgoyne. We are, &c., 



NICHOLAS COOKE, 



To the Council ot the Massachusetts Bay. 
vol. yni. 43 



338 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC, 



The Council of the State of Massachusetts to the Governor of 
Rhode Island. 

State of Massachusetts Bay, > 

Council Chamber, Boston, December 7th, 1777. j 
Sir : — We have received your letter of the 8th instant. We agree with you in sen- 
timent that it appears by the convention agreed to by General _ Gates, that General 
Burgoyne and his troops were to embark for Great Britain from the port of Boston, 
and are of opinion that it is not in the power of this state, or any other of the United 
States, to take any steps with regard to this matter, that may deviate therefrom. This 
matter lays wholly with the Congress. Whatever they may determine upon, we shall 
acquiesce in. In the name, and by order of Council, 

I am, sir, with respect and esteem, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

JER. POWELL, President. 
To Governor Cooke. 

The Governor of Rhode Island to the Council of the State of 
Massachusetts. 

State of Rhode Island, &c., i 

In Council of War, Providence, Dec. 14th, 1777. \ 

Gent. : — The time for which your troops engaged serving in this state, being nearly 
expired, makes us very anxious to know whether you have made provision for re- 
placing them, and for filling up the whole quota of troops assigned by the committee 
of the New England states for our defence. 

As we have frequently represented unto you our defenceless state, the extent of our 
sea-coasts, the strength of the enemy, situated in the heart of our country, it will be 
needless to trouble you with a repetition thereof. 

By the preparation the enemy are making at Newport, by fitting up a large number 
of barracks, not even sparing the meeting houses, to which they are building chimnies, 
leave it without a doubt that they expect large reinforcements. 

We must therefore, gentlemen, urge in the strongest terms, the necessity of your 
attention upon us, to consider in what a defenceless and deplorable condition we shall 
be in, if your troops are withdrawn, before provision is made for re-placing them. We 
earnestly entreat that you would take this matter into your consideration, and make 
that provision for our defence, of which you have given us repeated assurances, and 
which, without doubt, intend, as it is of the greatest consequence to all the United 
States, to prevent the enemy's bringing entire ruin and devastation upon us. 

We are, &c, NICHOLAS COOKE. 

To the Council of the Massachusetts Bay. 

The Council of the State of Massachusetts to the Governor of 
Rhode Island. 

State of Massachusetts Bay, i 

Council Chamber, Boston, Decembr 16th, 1777. \ 
Sir : — This day received your favor dated the 14th inst. ; antecedent thereto, the 
General Assembly entered upon the consideration of supplying the state of Rhode 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 339 

Island with fifteen hundred men, according to the report of several committees at 
Springfield and Rhode Island. 

A full sense that the term our troops now in the state of Rhode Island engaged for, 
is near expiring, and of the distress of your state, arising from so large a body of our 
common enemy being in possession of your capital, early in this session engaged the 
attention of the General Court. That we may clearly demonstrate to Your Excel- 
lency that we have not been unmindful of your situation and defence, the General 
Court, by their resolve, dated December 18th, 1777, have largely encouraged the regi- 
ments of Colonels Robinson and Keyes to continue in service for the term of one year 
from the 1st day of January next. 

An extract of said resolve, transmitted to the said colonels, is enclosed. 
In the name, and behalf of the Council, 
I am, with respect, Your Excellency's most obedient, humble servant, 

JER. POWELL, President. 

To His Excellency Governor Cooke. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for tlie State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, on Friday, 
the \Wi day of December, 1777. 

His Excellency Nicholas Cooke, Governor. 
The Hon. William Bradford, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, the General Assembly, at the second session in 
March last, did pass an act requiring the Governor, when- 
ever necessity should require the calling of the General As- 
sembly, to convene it at the place of the last session ; and 
the Governor, through a mistake of the secretary, did call 
this present Assembly to meet at Providence instead of East 
Greenwich, where, by the letter of the law, it ought to have 
been convened ; and whereas, some doubts may arise with 
regard to the validity of the acts of this Assembly, — 

It is voted and resolved, that this Assembly, taking into 
consideration several matters recommended to them, by the 
Most Honorable the Continental Congress, and the necessi- 
ty of acting upon some of them immediately, will proceed 
to business ; and that the several acts, orders and resolu- 
tions, which shall be enacted and passed during the present 
session, shall be of the same force and validity, to every in- 



340 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DeC 7 

tent and purpose, as though this Assembly had been called 
and actually held at East Greenwich. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the convening 
this present Assembly, in manner as aforesaid, shall not be 
drawn into precedent, but that the act before recited, for 
convening the General Assembly upon special occasions, at 
the place of the last sitting, shall remain and be in full 
force and virtue ; and that if this Assembly be called by 
warrant before it meet by adjournment, it be convened at 
East Greenwich. 

It is voted and resolved, that in pursuance of a resolution 
of Congress, of the 22d November last, this Assembly will 
appoint commissioners to meet such commissioners as shall 
be appointed by the states of New Hampshire, Massachu- 
setts Bay, Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania and Dela- 
ware, for the purposes in said resolution contained. 

Both houses being joined in a grand committee, made choice 
of the Hon. William Greene, Esq., and Colonel Jabez Bowen, 
commissioners, to meet commissioners from the other states, 
agreeably to the recommendation of Congress, of the 22d of 
November last, to take into consideration the several mat- 
ters in, and by, the said resolve pointed out. 

Henry Ward, Esq., having represented unto this Assem- 
bly, that he could not hold his seat as a member of the 
council of war, from the necessity of his attendance upon 
the secretary's office, in order that the acts and orders of 
this Assembly be forthwith printed, and begged leave to 
resign ; thereupon, leave is given, and he resigns his seat 
accordingly. 

It is voted and resolved, that Col. Jabez Bowen and Esek 
Hopkins, Esq., be, and they are hereby, appointed members 
of the council of war. 

It is voted and resolved, that this Assembly will appoint 
an agent for the clothing department, agreeably to a re- 
quest of James Mease, Esq., clothiergeneral of the Conti- 
nental army. 

Both houses being joined in a grand committee, made 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 341 

choice of John Reynolds, Esq., to be agent-clothier for this 
state. 

It is voted and resolved, that Col. Jabez Bowen and Mr. 
John Updike be, and they are hereby, appointed to exam- 
ine the sails, rigging and furniture, belonging to the ship 
Aurora, owned by this state ; and if there shall be any 
spare rigging and sails belonging to said vessel, as the sloop 
Diamond may require, that they deliver the same to Mr. 
Pardon Gray, for the use of the said sloop Diamond ; or other 
wise, that they purchase such sails and rigging as the said 
sloop may require, and deliver the same to the said Pardon 
Gray, for the purpose aforesaid. 

It is voted and resolved, that the resolutions of Congress, 
of the 22d of November last, be printed ; and that a copy 
thereof, be forthwith transmitted to each of the members of 
the General Assembly, and to each of the town clerks with- 
in this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that the consideration of the ar- 
ticles of confederation proposed for the United States, and 
of the tax recommended by Congress, to be assessed upon 
the inhabitants of the United States of America, in the year 
1778, be referred to the next session of this Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that Henry Ward, Henry Mar- 
chant, Eowse J. Helnie and William Channing, Esqs., be, 
and they are hereby, appointed to draft a bill for confiscat- 
ing and making sale of all the real and personal estate of 
such of the inhabitants of this state, and other persons who 
have forfeited the same, and the right to the protection of 
this state ; and to invest the moneys arising from the sales, 
in Continental loan-office certificates, to be appropriated as 
shall be hereafter directed by the legislative authority of 
this state, agreeably to the recommendation of Congress, of 
the 22d of November last ; and that they make report to 
this Assembly, at the next session. 

Whereas, this Assembly did, at the last session, resolve 
that the company of boatmen serving in this state, both offi- 
cers and soldiers, should be discharged within twenty days, 



342 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC, 

next after the rising of said Assembly, and that in the in- 
terim the said boatmen should collect the boats that were 
taken into the Continental service, by order of General 
Spencer, and return them to the several places from whence 
they were taken ; and this Assembly being informed that 
said boatmen have neglected to perform said order, al- 
though commanded by General Spencer so to do, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said company of boat- 
men, officers and soldiers, shall not be paid any wages since 
the rising of said last Assembly, unless they can show to 
this Assembly good reasons why they disobeyed the orders 
aforesaid ; and that a copy of this resolve be immediately 
transmitted to the Hon. William Bradford, Esq., and John 
Cooke, Esq. 

It is voted and resolved, that the Hon. William Bradford^ 
Esq., be, and he is hereby, appointed to lease the estates, 
for produce, which have been taken possession of in behalf 
of this state, and belonging to persons unfriendly to the 
United States, for the space of one year, from the 25th day of 
March next ; and to make inquiry into the rents which have 
arisen, or shall become due, on the said 25th day of March 
next, for said estates ; and that he make report to this As- 
sembly, as soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that the committees of safety be, 
and they are hereby, directed forthwith to discharge the de- 
mands which arose against the state, in the late expedition 
against the enemy on the island of Rhode Island ; and that 
they apply to the council of war for such sums of money as 
shall be necessary for the purpose aforesaid ; and the said 
committees are further directed immediately to make out 
their accounts, and present them to the council of war, for 
adjustment. 

It is further voted and resolved, that upon the adjustment 
of said accounts, the auditor of accounts make out the ac- 
count of this state against the United States, and present 
the same to the council of war, which being approved of, 
the said council are empowered to forward the same to the 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 343 

delegate from this state, in Congress, and request a payment 
of the balance thereof, as soon as may be ; and it is ordered 
that a copy thereof, be immediately forwarded to each of 
the committees of safety within this state. 

Whereas, Mr. Nathaniel Mumford, and Eowse J. Helme, 
Esq., preferred a petition, and represented unto this Assem- 
bly, that they have, for a considerable time past, devoted 
themselves entirely to the business of this state. 

That they are paid for their services by the day, without 
having any other perquisite annexed to their emplo}^ ; and 
that from the excessively exorbitant price of every neces- 
sary article of life, they find their pay insufficient to main- 
tain them, &c. ; and thereupon prayed this Assembly to 
take the same into consideration, and make such provision 
for them, that they may be enabled to perform their respec- 
tive services with cheerfulness ; and the premises being 
duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of the said peti- 
tion be, and the same is hereby, granted ; and that the said 
Nathaniel Mumford and Rowse J. Helme be allowed each 
$4 per day, while employed in the service of this state. 

Whereas, at the last session of this Assembly, the com- 
mittees of safety were directed not to pay the wages due to 
the commissioned officers in the regiment under the com- 
mand of Col. Dyer, until certain guns received by the said 
regiment, and belonging the United States, are accounted 
for, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the wages of such officers 
only be retained, as have not accounted for the guns by 
them respectively received ; and that the wages of the other 
officers be immediately paid them ; the said resolve to the 
contrary, notwithstanding. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. James Sumner be ad- 
vanced to the rank and pay of a major, in the service of 
this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that Sion Martindale, a major in 
service of this state, be called before the council of war, to 



344 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC,, 

render an account of his conduct in said office; and said coun- 
cil are empowered to dismiss him from said office, if it shall 
appear to them that his services are no longer required. 

Whereas, it hath been represented to this Assembly, that 
Thomas Cranston, Esq., and Mr. Henry Northup, lately come 
off from the island of Rhode Island, are unfriendly to the 
liberties of America, — 

It is voted and resolved, that it be recommended to the 
council of war to call said persons before them, to be by 
them examined touching the premises ; and that thereupon 
they proceed in such manner as may be consistent with the 
safety of this state. 

Whereas, the college edifice in the town of Providence, 
hath for some time been improved as barracks for the sol- 
diers stationed within said town, whereby the said building 
is so greatly damaged, as to render the same useless for the 
purpose aforesaid, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that Mr. John Jenckes 
be, and he is hereby, appointed so far to repair said build- 
ing, as that the expense thereof, shall not exceed £100, 
lawful money, and in such manner as shall best answer the 
purpose intended ; and that the said sum, or so much there- 
of, as shall be necessary for repairing the said building, as 
aforesaid, be paid to the said John Jenckes, by one of the 
committee of safety. 

Provided nevertheless, that this allowance shall not be 
taken and deemed as a precedent for making any future al- 
lowance for repairing the said edifice. 

Whereas, this Assembly hath received information, that a 
correspondence is maintained with the enemy, at the house 
of the widow Sarah Slocum, in North Kingstown ; and it 
being known that the family there are very unfriendly to 
the liberties of America, whereby it is unsafe for the welfare 
and happiness of this state, that the said family should be 
suffered to continue any longer in possession thereof; 
wherefore, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the sheriff of the county of 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 345 

Kings forthwith remove the said widow Slocum, and the 
family that lives there, to some place at least ten miles dis- 
tant from the shore. 

That if the said Sarah Slocum, or either of her children, 
shall, after their said removal, be found in any part of this 
state, within the said distance of ten miles of any of the 
shores thereof, the sheriff of the county in which they, or 
either of them, may so transgress, or his deputy, is hereby 
empowered and directed forthwith to apprehend and com- 
mit them, or either of them, to the jail in said county ; who 
shall be there confined until the further orders of this As- 
sembly, or the council of war ; and that some suitable per- 
son be plaecd in the house to take care of the stock, &c, 
upon said farm. 

And it is farther voted and resolved, that if occasion re- 
quires, the sheriff aforesaid, shall call upon Col. Dyer for as- 
sistance, who is hereby directed to send such aid to the said 
sheriff as he may require for that purpose. 

And it is further resolved, that the wife of George Wight- 
man, his sons and their families (excepting the father of the 
said George), and Palmer Sheldon and his family, be re- 
moved by the said sheriff to the said distance of ten miles 
from the said shores of this state ; and that they be appre- 
hended and committed, if found within said distance, in 
manner as is afore directed. 

An Act for raising and equipping fifteen hundred men. 

Whereas, our enemies have invaded this state with a 
powerful armament, and are now in possession of the island 
of Rhode Island, whereby we are imminently exposed to 
still more hostile attacks, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and 
by the authority thereof it is hereby enacted, that two bat- 
talions, each consisting of six hundred men, including offi- 
cers ; as also a regiment of artillery, consisting of three 
hundred men, officers included, be immediately raised for 
the defence of the United States in general, and of this state 

voi,. vui, 44 



346 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC, 

in particular ; and that the said two battalions, and regi- 
ment of artillery, be formed into one brigade, under the 
command of a brigadier general. 

That each battalion be commanded by one colonel, one 
lieutenant colonel, and one major ; and consist of eight com- 
panies, to be led each by one captain, one lieutenant, and 
one ensign. 

That the said regiment of artillery be commanded by 
one colonel, and one major ; and consist of four companies ; 
which shall be led by one captain, one captain-lieutenant, 
one first lieutenant, one second lieutenant, and one lieu- 
tenant-fireworker ; and that there be appointed to each of 
the said battalions and regiment, a paymaster, one adjutant, 
and one quartermaster ; and to said battalions one surgeon, 
and one surgeon's mate. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
each able-bodied man, who shall enlist himself into either of 
said battalions and regiment, shall be furnished with one 
hat, one uniform coat, two waistcoats, two pair of breeches, 
three shirts, three pair of stockings, two pair of shoes, one 
hunting-shirt, and one pair of overalls ; and shall also be 
furnished with a blanket, knapsack, gun, bayonet, cartouch- 
box, and canteen, to be returned or accounted for, at the 
expiration of his service; and that he be allowed as a 
bounty, £20, lawful money. 

And if any man who shall be enlisted into the said brig- 
ade, and shall not be approved of by the muster-master of 
the battalion or regiment into which he may be enlisted, 
all sum or sums of money which he shall have received, 
shall be deducted from the wages of the officer who enlisted 
him. 

And be it further enacted, that the officers who may be 
appointed in said battalions or regiment, and the non- 
commissioned officers and soldiers who shall enlist into the 
same, be entitled to the same wages and rations as officers 
and soldiers in the Continental service. 

That each able-bodied man who shall enlist himself into 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 347 

either of the said battalions or regiment, be allowed twenty 
shillings per week, after enlistment, and before he is embod- 
ied ; and that he be embodied within one week after he is 
enlisted. 

And be it further enacted, that the said officers and sol- 
diers shall receive their pay monthly ; and that eight shil- 
lings, lawful money, be allowed and paid for every able- 
bodied man who shall be enlisted into either of the said bat- 
talions or regiment, to the officer by whom he shall be 
enlisted. 

And be it further enacted, that the officers and soldiers, 
when embodied as aforesaid, shall be under the same rules, 
orders and regulations, as those of the Continental army ; 
and that each field officer and captain, who shall be ap- 
pointed in the said battalions and regiment, be furnished 
with a copy thereof, unless they have been heretofore fur- 
nished with the same. 

And be it further enacted, that each soldier be enlisted 
by the following enlistment, to wit : 

Form of Enlistment of the Soldiers. 

" I, the subscriber, do hereby solemnly engage and enlist 
myself as a soldier, in the pay of the state of Ehode Island and 
Providence Plantations, for the preservation of the liberties 
of America, and the defence of the United States in general, 
and this state in particular, from the day of my enlistment, 
until the 16th day of March, in the year of our Lord 1779, 
unless sooner discharged by this Assembly ; and I hereby 
promise to submit myself to all the orders and regulations 
of the army ; and faithfully to observe and obey all such or- 
ders as I shall receive from time to time from my officers." 

And be it further enacted, that no officer or soldier be 
arrested or prosecuted for any debt less than £50, lawful 
money, due to one creditor; and that every apprentice 



248 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DeC, 

who shall enlist into either of the said battalions and regi- 
ment, shall be entitled to, and receive, the whole of his 
bounty and wages. 

It is voted and resolved, that the field officers, adjutants 
and captains, for the two state battalions, and regiment of 
artillery, ordered at this session to be raised, be chosen at 
this session ; and that the other officers be chosen at the 
next session of this Assembly. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that every officer 
now in the service of this state, and that shall be approved 
of by the field officers of the said battalions or regiment, 
and shall enlist twenty men by the next session of Assem- 
bly, shall then be appointed to the office he shall be ap- 
proved of for, by the said field officers. 

Both houses resolved into a grand committee, chose the 
following officers in the two battalions, and regiment of ar- 
tillery, to wit : 

Officers Chosen for the two Battalions and Regiment of Artillery. 

Ezekiel Cornell, Esq., brigadier general. 

Robert Elliot, Esq., colonel, of the regiment of artillery. 

Archibald Craiy, Esq., colonel, of the first battalion. 

William Barton, Esq., colonel, of the second battalion. 

John Topham, Esq., lieutenant colonel, of the first bat- 
talion. 

Nathaniel Hawkins, Esq., lieutenant colonel, of the second 
battalion. 

Josiah Flagg, Esq., major, of the regiment of artillery. 

James Williams, Esq., major, of the first battalion. 

Joshua Sayer, John Garzia, Ebenezer Adams and Thomas 
Carlisle, captains, in the regiment of artillery. 

Christopher Manchester, Caleb Carr, Benajah Whipple, 
John Carr, Reuben Ballou, James Parker, Thomas Allin and 
Abimelech Riggs, captains, in the first battalion. 

Samuel Phillips, Christopher Dyer, Benjamin Hoppin, 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 349 

Benjamin West, Peleg Hoxsie, Philip Traffan, William 
Whipple and Joshua Babcock, 2d, captains, in the second 
battalion. 

John Handy, Esq., brigade major. 

Robert Carver, adjutant, of the regiment of artillery. 

Nathan Olney, adjutant, of the first battalion. 

Charles Handy, Jr., adjutant, of the second battalion. 

Whereas, the soldiers, serving in this state, who have 
been quartered in the college edifice, and other public 
buildings, have broken the windows, doors and floors of the 
same ; and have done other mischief, to the great hurt and 
damage as well of the public as of individuals ; and notwith- 
standing the frequent orders which have been issued by the 
Honorable General Spencer, to prevent the same, all the 
buildings where they are quartered, are marked with their 
devastations ; wherefore — 

It is resolved, that Major General Spencer be, and he is 
hereby, requested to take such effectual methods to pre- 
vent, for the future, any waste or destruction of the houses, 
barracks or buildings, where the soldiers are quartered, as 
to him shall appear best for the preservation thereof. 

It is voted and resolved, that the soldiers who shall enlist 
into the brigade ordered by this Assembly to be raised, and 
to do duty until the 16th day of March, A. D. 1779, 
be mustered by Ezekiel Cornell, Esq., brigadier general 
thereof. 

Whereas, there is a number of soldiers, now in the service 
of this state, without arms, and a much larger number now 
voted to be raised than is at this time in the field, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that General Cornell 
immediately apply to the several committees of safety for 
two hundred small arms and bayonets, and cause the same 
to be repaired, and fitted for immediate service. 

That if the said number cannot be procured from the said 
committees, he, in that case, purchase the number deficient, 
upon the best terms he can, and as many other bayonets as 



350 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [DEC., 

the state may require ; and that he draw the money out of 
the general treasury, accordingly. 

It is voted and resolved, that the council of war of this 
state call forth into actual duty, such part of the militia, in- 
dependent and alarm companies, within this state, for the 
defence thereof, as they shall from time to time think neces- 
sary, in the order in which they have been draughted, to 
supply the delinqencies of the quotas to be furnished for 
the purpose aforesaid, by the states of the Massachusetts 
Bay, New Hampshire and Connecticut, and in the propor- 
tion they shall be deficient therein. 

It is further voted and resolved, that a bounty of £4, 
lawful money, for every month, and in that proportion for 
any shorter time, be allowed to each non-commissioned offi- 
cer and private, who shall be called and do duty as afore- 
said ; and that the same bounty be allowed to all the non- 
commissioned officers and privates of the said militia, inde- 
pendent and alarm companies, who shall do duty from and 
after the rising of this Assembly. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the officers and 
soldiers of the militia, independent and alarm companies, 
who may be called into actual service as aforesaid, be al- 
lowed the same wages and rations as the officers and sol- 
diers in the Continental service. 

Voted and resolved, that the following accounts be paid 
out of the treasury, viz. : 

Bills Ordered to be Paid. 

£ s. d. 
John Reynolds, for his commission for purchasing clothing for the state. . . 137 17 

Samuel Andrews, for use of his lighter, for brick, &c 13 03 3 

Mary Spencer, for amount paid by her for a substitute for her husband, 

drafted for the expedition against Rhode Island, $100. 

Othniel Gorton, for cost of tools for entrenchments, at Warwick Neck 4 10 

Abraham Greene, for his attendance on the General Assembly, &c 4 13 

Thomas Spencer, " " " " " 1 04 

John Northup, one of the committee of safety, authorized to draw out of the 

treasury 600 00 

Edward Gorton, for his attendance on the General Assembly 18 

Thomas Spencer, " " " " 2 19 



1777.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 351 

£ s. d. 
Josias Lyndon, for expenses of horse hire and expenses, to attend the As- 
sembly, at Providence 5 15 

William Channing, for do., as assistant clerk to do 4 05 6 

John Sayles, Ebenezer Thompson, Esek Hopkins and Gideon Comstock, for 
their services as commissioners upon the court of inquiry into the 
causes of the failure of the late expedition against the enemy on Rhode 

Island 19 04 

John Northup, one of the committee of safety, authorized to draw for 2,000 00 

David Cotterell, for a saddle, impressed by order of Gen. Varnum 4 10 

Joshua Babcock, for guns, bayonets and cartouch boxes, furnished by him 

for the use of the town of Westerly 200 00 

Josias Lyndon, for his attendance as clerk to the Assembly, at their session 

at East Greenwich 6 02 6 

William Channing, for do. as assistant clerk to do 6 04 

List of Public Acts Passed in 1777. 

[The following public acts passed in the year 1777, will be found in the printed 
" Schedules " for that year.] 

An Act establishing and regulating fees. (June.) 

An Act in amendment of an act empowering justices to meet and hold a special court 
for the trial of offenders against the United States. (June.) 

An Act to prevent the selling of goods at public vendue. (August.) 

An Act to prevent distilling, into any kind of spirits whatever, Indian corn, rye, bar- 
ley, oats or cider. (August.) 

An Act assessing and apportioning a rate or tax of £32,000, lawful money, upon the 
inhabitants of this state. (August.) 

An Act to prevent horse-racing. (September.) 

An Act assessing and apportioning a rate or tax of £48,000, lawful money, upon the 
inhabitants of the state. (December.) 

God save the United States of America. 



352 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [FEB., 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at East Greenwich, on 
the second Monday in February, 1778. 

His Excellency Nicholas Cooke, Governor. 
The Hon. William Bradford, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. Christopher Ellery 
and Peleg Arnold be, and they are hereby, appointed a 
committee, to examine the clothing returned into the 
agent-clothier's store, for the use of the troops raised by 
this state, by either of the members of the committee of 
safety, or any other person ; and that they make report, as 
soon as may be, to the council of war. 

It is further voted and resolved, that the names of all 
such persons as have not subscribed the test, who are not 
members of the Society of Friends, and have not taken the 
animation prescribed in an act for the relief of tender con- 
sciences, be taken out of the jury box ; and that they be 
not permitted in future to serve as jurors, on any jury 
within this state. 

It is further voted and resolved, that a copy hereof, be 
forthwith transmitted to the town clerks of the several 
towns within this state. 

Whereas, from the present exhausted state of the treasu- 
ry, it is impossible to supply the recruiting officers with a 
sufficient sum for said service, and discharge the present de- 
mands against the state, unless some method be adopted for 
the immediate supply thereof; and it appearing to this As- 
sembly impracticable to hire the sum wanted ; wherefore — 

Resolved, that £53,000, part of a certain tax of £32,000, 
and one other tax of £48,000, heretofore assessed and 
levied upon the inhabitants of this state, for the purpose of 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 353 

sinking the same, be borrowed out of the general treasury, 
for the space of four months from the rising of this Assem- 
bly, or a shorter time, if said sum can be sooner re-placed. 

That as soon as the money which is due from the Conti- 
nent to this state, is received, that the said sum which shall 
be borrowed and received, in pursuance of this resolve, be 
paid into the general treasury, and be sunk, agreeably to 
the intent and meaning of the acts of this Assembly, for as- 
sessing said sums on the inhabitants of this state ; and that 
the money so borrowed, be applied to defray the necessary 
charges of the state. 

It is voted and resolved, that William Channing, Esq., at- 
torney general, Eowse J. Helme and Jabez Bowen, Esqrs., 
be, and they are hereby, appointed a committee, to prepare 
a bill for prescribing and establishing an oath of fidelity and 
allegiance to this state ; and that they report the same, as 
soon as may be. 

Whereas, General Cornell hath represented unto this 
Assembly, that there is a number of cannon belonging to 
the state, that are rendered useless by reason of being burst 
and otherwise ; and thereupon recommended to this Assem- 
bly, that they would appoint some suitable persons to take 
such cannon, and have them manufactured into two eight- 
inch howitzers, or otherwise, as they shall think proper, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that Major Josiah 
Flagg be, and he is hereby, appointed to collect the above 
mentioned cannon, and have them manufactured into two 
eight-inch howitzers, as soon as may be, for the service of 
this state. 

Whereas, General Cornell hath represented that there 
will be an absolute necessity for five hundred blankets this 
spring ; and also for six hundred felt hats immediately, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that John Reynolds, 
Esq., be, and he is hereby, directed to purchase the above 
articles as soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that the acts of this Assembly, 

voh. vm. 45 



354 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [FEB., 

allowing a bounty on salt manufactured or imported within 
this state, be, and the same is hereby, repealed ; and that 
said bounty be not allowed for salt heretofore manufactured 
or imported, unless the person who demands the same, shall, 
upon oath, declare that the same was manufactured out of 
salt water, within this state, or imported previous to the 
passing of this resolvo. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Reynolds, Esq., agent- 
clothier within this state, be, and he is hereby, empowered 
to draw £10,000, lawful money, out of the general treasury, 
for purchasing such necessary clothing as is directed by a 
resolve of Congress, to be purchased and disposed of to the 
officers commanding the troops raised by this state ; and 
that said money be appropriated to purchase the blankets 
and hats, ordered at this session to be procured, as well as 
the necessary clothing above mentioned. 

It is voted and resolved, that the four companies in the 
regiment of artillery be divided into five companies, which 
shall consist of the same number of officers as were assigned 
to the said four companies. 

Both houses being resolved in a grand committee, made 
choice of the following officers, viz. : 

Officers Chosen for the Militia. 

» 

in col. Elliott's regiment of artillery. 

George Richards, quartermaster. 

Gideon Westcoat, second captain. 

Nathaniel Gladding, captain-lieutenant, in Capt. Sayer's 
company. 

Samuel Snow, captain-lieutenant, in Captain Carlile's 
company. 

Isaac Pitman, captain-lieutenant, in Captain Westcoat's 
company. 

John Warner, captain-lieutenant, in Captain Garzia's 
company. 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 355 

Christopher Robinson, captain-lieutenant, in Captain Ad- 
ams's company. 

Seth Barton, first lieutenant, in Capt. Carlile's company. 

William Badger, first lieutenant, in Captain Westcoat's 
company. 

William Page, first lieutenant, in Captain Garzia's com- 
pany. 

Squire Howe, first lieutenant, in Captain Adams's com- 
pany. 

Edward Price, second lieutenant, in Captain Sayer's 
company. 

Benjamin Pitt, second lieutenant, in Captain Carlile's 
company. 

John Cleveland, second lieutenant, in Captain Westcoat's 
company. 

Oliver Corey, second lieutenant, in Captain Garzia's 
company. 

Champlin Lamphere, second lieutenant, in Capt. Adams's 
company. 

IN COL. CRARY'S BATTALION. 

Captains — Nathan Olney, Philip Morse and William 
Lawless. 

First lieutenants — Philip Palmer, Rufus Barton, Benjamin 
Stewart Wallcutt, Caleb Matthews, Daniel Sheldon, James 
Potter, Nathaniel Humphreys and Eleazer Randall. 

Second lieutenants — Benjamin Willcox, Simeon Dexter, 
Joseph Chase, Elijah Armstrong, Samuel Northup, William 
Richmond Wares, Thomas Smith (son of John) and Israel 
Stoddard, Jr. 

Daniel Singer Dexter, adjutant. 

Abraham Andrews, quartermaster. 

Whereas, this Assembly did heretofore appoint William 
Barton, Esq., colonel of the second battalion ordered to be 
raised within this state ; and whereas, the said William 



356 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [FEB,, 

Barton, Esq., hath, since his appointment, as aforesaid, been 
named and chosen a colonel in the Continental service, by 
the Honorable Continental Congress ; whereby the said sec- 
ond battalion is destitute of a colonel ; the place being 
vacant by the promotion of the said William Barton, as 
aforesaid, — 

Wherefore, John Topham, Esq., is chosen colonel, of the 
second battalion. 

Samuel Phillips, Esq., major, of Col. Topham's battalion. 

James Williams, Esq., lieutenant colonel, of Col. Crary's 
battalion. 

Christopher Manchester, Esq., major, in the same bat- 
talion. 

Abraham Tourtellott, captain, in the same battalion. 

OTHER OFFICERS IN COL. TOPHAM'S BATTALION. 

Captain — Alexander Thomas. 

First lieutenants— James Miller, John Welch, Barber 
Peckham, William Dyer, Clarke Parker, Richmond Springer, 
Andrew Stanton and Joseph Springer. 

Second lieutenants — Amos Frink. Lebeus Cotterell, Chas. 
Hewitt, John Miller, Elias Jackson, William Helme, Timothy 
West and Daniel Wall. 

Quartermaster — James Bliven. 

Captain Malichi Hammet, is, at his request, dismissed 
from his command. 

Pursuant to a resolution of Congress, of the 13th of Janu- 
ary last, Solomon Southwick, Esq., is appointed deputy com- 
missary general of issues, within this state. 

The following persons are appointed to hear petitions, 
and make report thereon, viz. : 

Nathaniel Searle, Jr., Esq., for the count}' of Newport. 

John Dexter, Esq., for the county of Providence. 

Edward Perry, Esq., far the county of Kings. 

Josiah Humphrey, Esq., for the county of Bristol. 

Thomas Tillinghast, Esq., for the county of Kent, 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 357 

Whereas, the troops who are stationed in the towns of 
South and North Kingstown, are put to great inconvenience 
for want of a due and sufficient supply of wood ; and where- 
as, the proprietors of the wood-lands, contiguous to where 
the troops are quartered, do not willingly supply them 
with such quantities of wood as is necessary ; and as it is 
highly reasonable that each person, who is a proprietor of 
wood, should furnish his quota according to a just pro- 
portion, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the proprietors or 
tenants of the wood-lands in South and North Kingstown^ 
which are near the vicinity of where the troops are quar- 
tered, forthwith assemble, and make and assess upon them- 
selves, a just proportion of wood ; and deliver the same 
unto said troops in such manner as that there may be no 
want thereof. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that if the said in- 
habitants shall refuse or neglect immediately, upon notice 
hereof, to conform thereto, that Brigadier General Cornell 
cause the deputy quartermaster general, in said depart- 
ment, to cut off from said wood-lands a sufficient quantity 
for the use aforesaid, in such manner as the said brigadier 
general shall direct. 

And that the said deputy quartermaster general be, and 
he is hereby, empowered to impress teams for the purpose 
of carting the same ; using his discretion that the inhabit- 
ants in the vicinity be equally called upon, according to 
their several abilities ; anything to the contrary hereof, not- 
withstanding. 

It is voted and resolved, that the Honorable William 
Bradford and Jabez Bowen, Esqs., and Col. Christopher Lip- 
pitt, be, and they are hereby, appointed to examine into 
the state and usefulness of the general hospital within this 
state ; and if in their opinions it should be necessary to con- 
tinue said hospital, that they determine the number of offi- 
cers for the same, and their pay ; and that they make re- 
port to this Assembly, as soon as may be. 



358 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [FEB., 

Whereas, there is now upon the lands lying in North 
Kingstown, lately belonging to Doct. Thomas Moffatt and 
Gervas Elam, a very considerable quantity of wood, which 
is wanted for the use of the troops stationed in said North 
Kingstown and South Kingstown ; wherefore — 

Resolved, that Peter Phillips and Sylvester Gardner, 
Esqs., be, and they are hereby, appointed to give directions 
unto the deputy assistant-quartermaster general, to cut and 
cart from time to time such quantities of wood from the 
said lands, as they shall think prudent, for the supply of the 
said troops ; and that the deputy quartermaster general 
cause the same to be exactly measured, and an account 
taken and given in to the council of war. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Excellency the Gov- 
ernor be, and he is hereby, requested to make and give 
under his hand, the following certificate : 

Certificate of the Governor of Rhode Island to Colonel William 
Barton. 

State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, ) 
February 14th, 1778. J 

This certifies, that the General Assembly, at the December session, 1777, appointed 
William Barton, Esq., colonel of a regiment ordered to be raised for twelve months, 
for the defence of the United States in general, and of the state aforesaid, in 
particular. 

That, at the session held in February instant, Col. Barton informed the Assembly 
that he had an appointment from the Most Honorable the Continental Congress, with 
the rank and pay of colonel, but at present without command ; and that being most 
ardently desirous of exerting his utmost abilities against the common enemy, he was 
willing, provided he could obtain permission of His Excellency General Washington, 
to command the said regiment, upon his pay from the Continent only ; by which 
means he should also be freed from the disagreeable situation of receiving the public 
money without being in actual service. 

And that the Assembly taking the same into consideration, voted that Col. Barton 
having received a Continental appointment, and being liable to be called from the com- 
mand of said regiment, and the service of this state, upon the shortest noiicce, did 
thereby vacate his office in said brigade ; and then appointed Col. Topham to the com 
mand of said regiment. 

Whereas, for the preservation of the rights and liberties 
of the United States, it is necessary that the whole powers 
of government should be exerted in recruiting the Conti- 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 359 

nental battalions ; and whereas, His Excellency Gen. Wash- 
ington hath enclosed to this state a proposal made to him 
by Brigadier General Varnuin, to enlist into the two bat- 
talions, raising by this state, such slaves as should be willing 
to enter into the service ; and whereas, history affords us 
frequent precedents of the wisest, the freest, and bravest 
nations having liberated their slaves, and enlisted them as 
soldiers to fight in defence of their country; and also 
whereas, the enemy, with a great force, have taken posses- 
sion of the capital, and of a greater part of this state ; and 
this state is obliged to raise a very considerable number of 
troops for its own immediate defence, whereby it is in a 
manner rendered impossible for this state to furnish recruits 
for the said two battalions, without adopting the said mea- 
sure so recommended. 

It is voted and resolved, that every able-bodied negro, 
mulatto, or Indian man slave, in this state, may enlist into 
either of the said two battalions, to serve during the contin- 
uance of the present war with Great Britain. 

That every slave, so enlisting, shall be entitled to, and re- 
ceive, all the bounties, wages, and encouragements, allowed 
by the Continental Congress, to any soldier enlisting into 
their service. 

It is further voted and resolved, that every slave, so en- 
listing, shall, upon his passing muster before Col. Christo- 
pher Greene, be immediately discharged from the service of 
his master or mistress, and.be absolutely free, as though he 
had never been encumbered with any kind of servitude or 
slavery. 

And in case such slave shall, by sickness or otherwise, be 
rendered unable to maintain himself, he shall not be charge- 
able to his master or mistress ; but shall be supported at 
the expense of the state. 

And whereas, slaves have been, by the laws, deemed the 
property of their owners, and therefore compensation ought 
to be made to the owners for the loss of their service, — 

It is further voted and resolved, that there be allowed, 



360 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [Feb., 

and paid by this state, to the owner, for every such slave so 
enlisting, a sum according to his worth ; at a price not ex- 
ceeding £120 for the most valuable slave ; and in propor- 
tion for a slave of less value. 

Provided, the owner of said slave shall deliver up to the 
officer, who shall enlist him, the clothes of the said slave ; 
or otherwise he shall not be entitled to said sum. 

And for settling and ascertaining the value of such 
slaves, — 

It is further voted and resolved, that a committee of five 
be appointed, to wit : 

One from each county ; any three of whom, to be a quo- 
rum, to examine the slaves who shall be so enlisted, after 
they shall have passed muster, and to set a price upon each 
slave according to his value, as aforesaid. 

It is further voted and resolved, that upon any able- 
bodied negro, mulatto, or Indian slave, enlisting as afore- 
said, the officer who shall so enlist him, after he shall have 
passed muster, as aforesaid, shall deliver a certificate there- 
of, to the master or mistress of said negro, mulatto, or Indian 
slave ; which shall discharge him from the service of his said 
master or mistress, as aforesaid. 

It is further voted and resolved, that the committee who 
shall estimate the value of any slave, as aforesaid, shall give 
a certificate of the sum at which he may be valued, to the 
owner of said slave ; and the general treasurer of this state 
is hereby empowered and directed to give unto the said 
owner of the said slave, his promissory note, as treasurer, as 
aforesaid, for the sum of money at which he shall be valued, 
as aforesaid, payable on demand, with interest at the rate of 
six per cent, per annum ; and that said notes, which shall 
be so given, shall be paid with the money which is due to 
this state, and is expected from Congress ; the money which 
has been borrowed out of the general treasury, by this As- 
sembly, being first re-placed. 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 3G1 



Protest against Enlist lug Slaves to Serve in the Army. 

We, the subscribers, beg leave to dissent from the vote of the lower house, ordering 
a regiment of negroes to be raised for the Continental service, for the following rea- 
sons, viz. : 

1st. Because, in our opinion, there is not a sufficient number of negroes in the state, 
who would have an inclination to enlist, and would pass muster, to constitute a regi- 
ment ; and raising several companies of blacks, would not answer the purposes in- 
tended ; and therefore the attempt to constitute said regiment would prove abortive, 
and be a fruitless expense to the state. 

2d. The raising such a regiment, upon the footing proposed, would suggest an idea 
and produce an opinion in the world, that the state had purchased a band of slaves to 
be employed in the defence of the rights and liberties of our country, which is wholly 
inconsistent with those principles of liberty and constitutional government, for which 
we are so ardently contending; and would be looked upon by the neighboring states 
in a contemptible point of view, and not equal to their troops ; and they would there- 
fore be unwilling that we should have credit for them, as for an equal number of white 
troops ; and would also give occasion to our enemies to suspect that we are not able to 
procure our own people to oppose them in the field ; and to retort upon us the same 
kind of ridicule we so liberally bestowed upon them, on account of Dunmore's regi- 
ment of blacks ; or possibly might suggest to them the idea of employing black regi- 
ments against us. 

3d. The expense of purchasing and enlisting said regiment, in the manner proposed, 
will vastly exceed the expenses of raising an equal number of white men ; and at the 
same time will not have the like good effect. 

4th. Great difficulties and uneasiness will arise in purchasing the negroes from their 
masters ; and many of the masters will not be satisfied wifh any prices allowed. 
JOHN NORTHUP, GEORGE PEIRCE, 

JAMES BABCOK, JR., SYLVESTER GARDNER, 
OTHNIEL GORTON, SAMUEL BABCOCK. 

Whereas, William Greene and Jabez Bowen, Esqs., who 
were appointed commissioners, on the part of this state, to 
meet commissioners from divers others of the United States, 
at New Haven, pursuant to a resolution of the Most Honor- 
able the Continental Congress of the 2 2d of November last, 
reported to this Assembly a copy of the proceedings of the 
said commissioners ; which being read and considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said report be ac- 
cepted. 

That the said William Greene and Jabez Bowen, together 
with Col. Christopher Lippitt, be, and they are hereby, ap- 
pointed a committee, to prepare a bill for regulating and 
ascertaining the price of labor, &c, agreeably to the said 
report. 

voj,, viii, 46 



362 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [FEB., 

That they regulate and ascertain the prices of all goods, 
&c. (salt only excepted), which are not excepted by the said 
resolve of Congress, and that they make report to this As- 
sembly, at the next session. 

It is voted and resolved, that Daniel Cahoone, Henry 
Ward and Thomas Rurnreil, Esqs., be, and they are hereby, 
appointed a committee, to draw instructions for the dele- 
gates in Congress, respecting the articles of confederacy 
proposed to this Assembly by Congress, for their considera- 
tion and approbation; and that the said committee also 
draw instructions, with full powers, to the delegates, to ac- 
cede to the confederacy. 

Whereas, it hath been represented unto this Assembly, 
that the provisions which have been issued to the troops 
stationed in North Kingstown, are unfit for use ; and as it 
is of the highest importance that good and wholesome pro- 
visions should be issued to the soldiery, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that Ezekiel Cornell, 
Esq., brigadier general, be, and he is hereby, appointed 
forthwith to proceed to North Kingstown, and examine the 
provisions that are in the stores, which are to be issued for 
the use of said troops, and see that the same are good and 
fit for use. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the said Gen. 
Cornell be, and he is hereby, directed and empowered to 
purchase such quantities of good provisions as are neces- 
sary ; and cause the same to be issued to the said soldiers, 
until the commissary can provide for them ; and that the 
money for the purchase thereof, be drawn by the said Gen. 
Cornell, out of the general treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that Gideon Hoxsie, Jabez Bow- 
en, Job Comstock, Josiah Humphrey and Wm. Richmond, 
Esqs., be, and they are hereby, appointed a committee, to 
draft a bill for taking a general estimate throughout this 
state. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. Thomas Rumreil, 
Christopher Lippitt, Samuel Babcock, Thomas Tillinghast 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 363 

and Josiah Humphrey be, and they are hereby, appointed a 
committee, to estimate the value of the slaves who may em 
list into the Continental battalions, agreeably to a resolve 
of this Assembly. 

Whereas, the Hon. William Bradford, Esq., has been, by a 
resolution of this Assembly, appointed to lease the farms 
heretofore taken possession of, in behalf of this state, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the sheriffs of the 
several counties within this state, be, and they are hereby, 
empowered and directed to put into the possession of the 
said estates within their respective counties, the persons 
who may hire the same, agreeably to said resolve. 

It is voted and resolved, that the real estate in Little 
Compton, in the possession of James Chace, Jr., belonging 
to James Chace, now on the island of Rhode Island, be 
taken possession of in behalf of this state, by the sheriff or 
his deputy, for the county of Newport. 

That the real estate in Scituate, in the possession of Fleet 
Brown, belonging to Charles Wickham, who is also on said 
island, be taken possession of by the sheriff for the county 
of Providence. 

That said estates be leased by His Honor the Deputy 
Governor, for produce, at a public vendue, to the highest 
bidder. 

That the sheriff for the county of Kings, be directed to 
demand and receive from Thomas Cutter, late of North 
Kingstown, all the estate, both real and personal, now in 
his possession, belonging to Adam Ferguson, now on said 
island. 

That the said real estate be rented in manner as is before 
directed ; and that the sheriff render an account of the 
personal estate which may be by him received, to this 
Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that Col. Christopher Greene be, 
and he is hereby, empowered to draw £300, lawful money, 
out of the general treasury, for paying the bounties of the 



364 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [Feb,, 

slaves, who are permitted, by a resolution of this Assembly, 
to enlist into the Continental battalions. 

Whereas, a very considerable number of small arms, be- 
longing to the Continent, were, by General Spencer, deliv- 
ered out to the generals and colonels, commanding brig- 
ades, for the use of the troops who were destined for the 
attack on Rhode Island ; who delivered out many of them 
to the officers commanding the militia, and other officers in 
the fifteen months' brigade, within this state ; and whereas, 
the said gans have never been returned, and the said offi- 
cers are now out of service, and neglect to collect the 
same, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that Brigadier General 
Ezekiel Cornell be, and he is hereby, fully empowered, au- 
thorized and directed to collect the said guns, and return 
the same to General Spencer, — 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the said Gen. 
Cornell be, and he is hereby, empowered to call courts mar- 
tial upon any and every person who received the same ; and 
proceed against them, with the powers of law martial, in the 
same manner as though the said persons were now in actual 
military service. 

It is voted and resolved, that the following instructions 
be, and they are hereby, given to the delegates appointed 
to represent this state in Congress, to wit : 

Instructions to the Honorable Stephen Hopkins, William Ellery 
and Henry Marchant, Esqs., Delegates from Rhode Island in 
Congress, respecting the proposed Articles of Confederation and 
perpetual Union between the Thirteen United States. 

1st. T5y the fifth article, no state can be represented by less than two members. 
As it will be inconvenient and burthensome for the small states to keep in Congress 
more than two or three members, it may happen from sickness, death, or some other 
unavoidable accident, that such state may have not more than one member present in 
Congress ; and thereby be deprived of a voice, which may be highly prejudicial. You' 
are therefore instructed to move in Congress for an alteration in that article ; so that 
in case by sickness, death, or any other unavoidable accident, but one of the members 
of a state can attend Congress, such state may be represented in Congress by one 



1778.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 365 



member, for such reasonable space of time as shall be agreed upon by Congress, and 
ascertained by the articles of confederation. 

2d. Taxes ought to be assessed equally ; and nothing will have a greater tendency 
to induce freemen to submit to heavy burthens, than an opinion that they are justly 
proportioned ; and as very material alterations may happen in the abilities of the dif- 
ferent states to pay taxes in the course of a few years, you are instructed to move in 
Congress for the following addition to the eighth article : " That such estimate be 
taken and made once in every five years, at least." 

3d. The King* )f Great Britain, before the present war, was vested with the prop- 
erty of great Quantities of land ; and enjoyed large revenues arising from quit-rents 
within the United States. By commencing and carrying on this unnatural war, with 
the avowed design of reducing the United States to the most debasing and ignominious 
servitude, that crown hath justly forfeited such lands and revenues. If the forfeiture 
takes place, it will be in consequence of the exertions of all the United States, by whom 
the war is supported. Consequently, all the United States ought to be proportionably 
benefitted by the forfeiture. But should the several states in which such lands lie, and 
revenues are raised, appropriate them to their separate use, they will at the end of the war, 
be possessed of great funds to reimburse themselves their expenses; while those states- 
which are not in that situation, although at a proportionable expense of blood and trea- 
sure, in reeovering such forfeiture, not receiving any benefit therefrom, will be left to 
struggle with an immense debt, which is unequal and unjust. The claim of the crown 
of Great Britain to such lands and revenues, was uncontested before the present war ; 
none of the suites having formed any pretensions thereto, which is another cogent ar j 
gument why the forfeiture ought to be vested all the United States. Omitting many 
things which your attention to this important object will suggest to you, it is proper 
to ebserve that Congress have promised lands to the army ; and that, unless they be 
provided out of such forfeiture, several of the states, and this in particular, will be in a 
very unhappy predicament. You are therefore instructed to move in Congress that it 
be inserted in the articles of confederation, that all such lands and revenues be for- 
feited to the United States, to be disposed of, and appropriated by Congress, for the 
benefit of the whole confederacy. It is not meant, by this instruction, that Congress 
should claim the jurisdiction of the forfeited lands ; but that the same should remain to 
the state in which it lies. 

4th. Although this Assembly deem the amendments and alterations herein pro- 
posed, of very great importance, yet the completion of the union, is so indispensably 
necessary, that you are instructed, after having used your utmost influence to procure 
them to be made, in case they should be rejected, not to decline acceding, on the part 
of this state, to the articles of confederation ; taking care that these proposed amend- 
ments and alerations be previously entered upon the records of the Congress, that it may 
appear they were made before tlie signing of the confederation ; and that this state 
intends hereafter to renew the motion for them. This Assembly, trusting that Con- 
gress, at some future time, convinced of their utility and justice, will adopt them; and 
that they will be confirmed by all the states. 

It is further voted and resolved, that an exemplification 
of this act be made and transmitted by the secretary, to the 
delegates appointed to represent this state in Congress, 
who are indispensably to observe and follow the said in- 
structions. 



366 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [Feb., 

This Assembly having taken into consideration the arti- 
cles of confederation and perpetual union between the 
states of New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island 
and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New 
Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North 
Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia, transmitted by Con- 
gress to this state ; and having had them repeatedly read, 
and having maturely weighed, and most seriously deliberat- 
ed upon them, as their importance to this and the other 
states, and to posterity, deserves ; and considering also the 
pressing necessity of completing the union, as a measure es- 
sential to the preservation of the independence and safety 
of the said states, — 

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that 
the Honorable Stephen Hopkins, Esq., William Ellery, Esq., 
and Henry Marchant, Esq., the delegates to represent this 
state in Congress, or any one of them, be, and they are 
hereby, fully authorized and empowered, on the part and 
behalf of this state, to accede to and sign the said articles of 
confederation and perpetual union, in such solemn form and 
manner, as Congress shall think best adapted to a transac- 
tion so important to the present and future generations ; 
provided, that the same be acceded to by eight of the other 
states. 

And in case any alterations in, or additions to, the said ar- 
ticles of confederation and perpetual union, shall be made by 
nine of the said states, in Congress assembled, that the said 
delegates, or any one of them, be, and they are hereby, au- 
thorized and empowered, in like manner, to accede to and 
sign the said articles of confederation and perpetual union, 
with the alterations and additions which shall be so made. 

It is further voted and resolved, that this Assembly will, 
and do hereby, in behalf of the said state of Rhode Island 
and Providence Plantations, in the most solemn manner, 
pledge the faith of the said state to hold and consider the 
acts of the said delegates, or any one of them, in so acceding 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 367 

to and signing the said articles of confederation and per- 
petual union, as valid and binding upon the said state in all 
future time. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that a fair copy of 
this act be made, and authenticated under the public seal of 
this state, with the signature of His Excellency the Gov- 
ernor, and be transmitted to said delegates ; and that the 
same shall be sufficient warrant and authority to the said 
delegates, or any one of them, for the purposes aforesaid. 

It is voted and resolved, that the Honorable Henry Mar- 
chant, Esq., be, and he is hereby, requested to give his at- 
tendance on Congress by the 20th of March next. 

That when a report shall be made by the several legisla- 
tures, of the articles of confederation proposed to them by 
Congress, he may, with our other delegate, procure such al- 
terations therein, as are agreeable to the instructions given 
them by this Assembly. 

It is further voted and resolved, that a copy hereof, with 
an exemplification of said instructions, be transmitted to the 
said Henry Marchant, Esq., that he may proceed therewith, 
accordingly. 

It is voted and resolved, that Holmes Wightman be, and 
he is hereby, permitted to return to his house and family in 
North Kingstown, to reside there ; he behaving himself as a 
good and faithful subject of this state ought to do ; any 
former vote to the contrary, notwithstanding. 

Whereas, a considerable sum of Continental money is im- 
mediately wanted, for the purchasing of the clothes, &c, or- 
dered to be furnished the officers commanding the Conti- 
nental troops raised by this state ; and whereas, £3,966, law- 
ful money, can be borrowed for the purpose, aforesaid, from 
Peter Phillips, Esq. ; and £450, lawful money, from John 
Eeynolds, Esq. ; and £300 will be exchanged for the money 
of this state, by Mr. Othniel Gorton ; wherefore — 

Resolved, that said sum be exchanged ; and that the other 
sums be borrowed ; and that the same be re-paid in Conti- 



368 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [FEB., 

tinental money, with interest out of the general treasury, as 
soon as may be. 

The committee appointed to prepare a bill for establish- 
ing an oath of allegiance to this state, having reported the 
draught of a bill for that purpose, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the consideration thereof, 
be referred to the next session. 

That a copy of the same be inserted in the next Provi- 
dence Gazette ; and that one of the newspapers, containing 
it, be transmitted to each of the town clerks in this state ; 
who are hereby empowered to call town meetings, to con- 
sider the said bill, that the sentiments of the freemen there- 
on, may be made known to this Assembly. 

Whereas, it is represented to this Assembly, that Samuel 
Boone, William Boone, John Wightman (son of Valentine), 
Ephraim Smith, Ebenezer Slocum, Charles Slocum and 
Thomas Cutter, have gone to the island of Rhode Island, 
and have joined the enemy ; wherefore — 

Resolved, that if the aforenamed persons have absented 
themselves, that the sheriff for the county of Kings, forth- 
with take possession of their real and personal estates, in 
behalf of this state. 

That their real estates, if any they have, be leased by His 
Honor the Deputy Governor, in the manner in which other 
estates, in the possession of the state, have been directed to 
be leased ; and that the personal estate be accounted for, 
by the said sheriff, with this Assembly. 

Voted and resolved, that the following accounts be paid 
out of the treasury, viz. ; 

Bills Ordered to be Paid. 

£ s. d. 
Richard Aylsworth, for sundry services in the state house, in East Green- 
wich 1 05 & 

Anthony Holden, for subsisting prisoners in Kent county jail 2 05 4 

John Northup, one of the committee of safety, authorized to draw on the 

treasury, for 500 00 



1778.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 369 



£ s. d. 

James Rhodes, for repairs of Pawtuxet Bridge .... 1.3 01 9 

Job Comstock, for twelve pair of yarn stockings furnished for the use of the 

army 15 02 4 

Dr. Peek Whipple, for assistance rendered to the director of the hospital. . . 4 00 
Henry Merchant, expenses of himself, servant and horses to Philadelphia, as 

a delegate to Congress 103 12 

Timothy Lock, for carrying express 3 12 

Benjamin Fry, for the use of his horse for two soldiers sick with the small 

pox ; and for pursuing tories through Kings county to Providence 4 04 

Josias Lyndon, for attendance on the General Assembly, as clerk 4 07 

Thomas Spencer, for attendance, &c, upon the General Assembly, at East 

Greenwich 4 13 

William Channing, for attendance upon the General Assembly, as assistant 

clerk 3 18 

William Vincent, for material and labor furnished in repairing Pawtucket 

Bridge 61 02 

Abraham Greene, for attendance, &c, upon the General Assembly, at East 

Greenwich 3 18 

Jabez Bowen, for horse hire and expenses to New Haven, as one of the com- 
missioners of this state 52 12 8 

William Greene, for his expenses and services as a commissioner from this 

state, to New Haven , 68 18 

God save the United States of America. 



Henry Laurens, President of the Continental Congress, to William 
Greene, Speaker of the House of Representatives of Rhode 
Island, 

Yorktown, 23d December, 1777. 
Hon. Mr. Speaker : 

Sir : — I am directed by Congress to transmit to your honorable body, the enclosed 
resolutions, which the pressing wants of the army, and the arts and avarice of engross- 
ers and extortioners have rendered indispensably necessary to the general welfare. 

It is with deep concern, that Congress, after having for some time contemplated in 
painful silence, the mischiefs which threaten this extended continent, from the growing 
avarice of the times, feel themselves constrained to recommend measures, which the vir 
tue of all classes of men rendered not long since unnecessary ; and which a scrupulous re. 
gard for the security of property to every citizen of these states, has hitherto restrained 
them'from adopting; but (unhappy the case of America,) laws unworthy the charac- 
ter of infant republics, are become necessary, to supply the defect of public virtue, and 
to correct the vices of some of her sons ; and she is called upon by the grand principle 
of self-preservation, to guard against the parricide of those whom she has fostered in her 
own bosom. 

To minds, whose reflections are employed on the importance of the cause in which 
we are engaged, and which feel for every circumstance which may affect the honor and 
safety of these states, it might give the most painful sensations to consider that, at a 
time, when the late signal successes we have been blest with, the reduced numbers of 
the enemy, the difficulties they meet with in procuring foreign levies, and the political 
complexion of affairs in Europe, have deprived Britain of many of those resources, qq 
vol, viij. 47 



370 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [FEB., 

which she has so much depended ; when the numbers and improving discipline of our 
army, the prodigious augmentation of our military stores, the quantity of provisions, 
with which this country abounds, and the large supplies of clothing, which have of 
late been imported by private persons, afford not only the opportunity but the means, 
under Divine Providence, of establishing our liberties by a few exertions, this bright 
prospect should be clouded over, and this great and glorious event endangered by the 
languor of too many, and by the arts and avarice of designing individuals ; who, like the 
British nabobs of the East, are corrupting the manners of a whole nation, and building 
vast fortunes on the destruction of the liberties of the Western world. 

It is be hoped, however, that the wise and spirited laws of the different states, aided 
by the influence and exertions of the real patriots, will apply effectual remedies to these 
alarming evils ; that the old and hardened offenders will be punished ; that those in 
whose bosoms the sparks of public virtue are not yet extinguished, will be reclaimed; 
the languid roused from their present apathy ; and that all classes of men will unite 
with their former spirit and virtue against an enemy, whose progress is marked with 
every vestige of barbarity, and whose determined object is to establish a tyranny of the 
most dangerous and debasing nature, over the inhabitants of a vast continent. 

Congress flatter themselves that the resolutions herewith tranamitted, will tend to 
accomplish some of these valuable purposes ; and they therefore esteem it their duty 
to recommend them to the serious consideration of your honorable house, and hope 
they will be carried into execution, as expeditiously and secretly as possible. 
By order of Congress : 

HENRY LAURENS, President. 

To the Honorable the Speaker of the lower House of Assembly, i 
of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Providence. \ 

Henri/ Laurens to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Yorktown, 3d January, 1778. 

Sir : — Since my last of the 23d of December, I have had the honor of your favor of 
the 8th November, which had been a very long time on its passage ; it reached me no 
sooner than the 31st December; and although I presented it immediately to Congress, 
no order has been made upon it. 

The house have been for many days past laboriously engaged not only in matters of 
the very highest importance within their proper sphere, but also obliged from some 
unaccountable deficiency in the several departments of quartermaster general, clothier 
general and commissary general, to interfere immediately and personally in the pro- 
curing of wagons, clothing, meat and flour for the army; which otherwise, from all 
appearance, and from the representation of the general, would have been dispersed. 
The deplorable state of the hospitals has likewise demanded the same attention. 
These burdens, which may truly be marked as extraordinary and unreasonable, 
fall heavy upon a very few members, from seventeen to twenty one, who faithfully 
attend their duty at the expense of domestic happiness and the improvement of their 
private estates. 

Your Excellency, from a consideration of these circumstances, will account for what 
might in a time of more regularity and tranquillity, be deemed a neglect of your very 
interesting and affecting address ; and I beg you will be assured, sir, I will embrace 
the earliest proper opening for bringing the state of Rhode Island into view again. 

Enclosed, Your Excellency will receive an act of Congress, of the 31st ult., for pro- 
moting a speedy reformation in the army, which you will be pleased to lay before the 
Council. 

Also a letter directed to Capt. Esek Hopkins, containing an act of Congress, dated 



1778.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 371 



yesterday, by which he is dismissed from the service of these states ; I have sent the 
letter, under a flying seal, for Your Excellency's perusal; and that you may cause 
the resolve to be made public, and particularly notified to all Continental officers here- 
tofore subject to Capt Hopkins's command; you will, after such measures are affected, 
be pleased to close the letter, and order it to be carefully delivered. 

I have the honor to be, with great regard, sir, 
Your Excellency's most obedient servant, 

HENRY LAURENS, President of Congress. 
To His Excellency Governor Cooke, Rhode Island, &c. 

Henry Laurens to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

Yorktown, 14th January, 1778. 

Sir : — Your Excellency's letter, dated in Council of War, 8th November, did not 
reach me till the 31st December. I immediately reported to Congress, and the con- 
tents have been duly considered. 

I have in charge to transmit you an act of Gongress, of the 13th inst., recommend- 
ing to the Eastern states to keep up the army stationed for the defence of Rhode Is- 
land and Providence Plantations ; and for divers other purposes, which Congress hope 
will prove beneficial to the state. Your Excellency will receive the act under cover 
with this, and to which I beg leave to refer. Congress are in no doubt but that from 
the quantity of clothing which has lately been imported into Massachusetts and New 
Hampshire, you have made the necessary provision for your Continental battalions. 

Your Excellency will also find enclosed a very solemn and important act of Congress 
dated 8th inst., for suspending the embarkation of Lieut. Gen. Burgoyne, and his 
troops, until the convention of Saratoga shall be distinctly and explicitly ratified by the 
court of Great Britain, and properly notified to Congress. A measure which Congress 
hold to be equally justifiable and necessary, and are therefore confident their resolu- 
tions will be coufirmed by the approbation of all their constituents in the United States, 
and that the justice and good policy of the act will be acknowledged by every disinter- 
ested court in Europe. 

I have the honor to be, with great regard, sir, 

Your obedient and humble servant, 

HENRY LAURENS, President of Congress. 

To His Excellency, Nicholas Cooke, Esq., Providence. 



372 EECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the State of Bhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kingstown, on 
Monday, the 9th dag of March, 1778. 

His Excellency Nicholas Cooke, Governor. , 

The Hon. William Bradford, Deputy Governor. 

It is Voted and resolved, that Simon Smith, Stephen Cong- 
don and Ezekiel Austin, be permitted to subscribe the test, 
heretofore ordered to be subscribed by the inhabitants of 
this state; before either house of Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that David Austin be, and he is 
hereby, permitted to remove three tons of hay from off the 
farm leased him the last year by this state. 

Whereas, David Shearman, James Whitehorn, John Albro, 
Jr., and Clarke Albro, preferred a petition, and represented 
unto this Assembly, that not having occasion to transact 
much business, they have hitherto omitted to subscribe the 
test prescribed by law in this state, not thinking but that 
they might have liberty to sign the same whenever they 
should have occasion so to do ; and thereupon prayed this 
Assembly to grant them liberty to subscribe the said test ; 
and the premises being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of the aforegoing 
petition be, and the same is hereby, granted ; and that the 
petitioners, together with Eleazer Trevett, Benjamin Perry, 
Samuel Helme, Daniel Tefft, 3d, Job Hawkins and Robert 
Shearman, be, and they are hereby, permitted to subscribe 
the said test, before either of the justices of the superior or 
inferior courts within this state. 

Whereas, the time for collecting the tax of £48,000, law- 
ful money, heretofore assessed upon the inhabitants of this 
state, hath expired, — 



17 78.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 373 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the said time be 
lengthened ; and that the collectors of taxes, in the several 
towns, be allowed twenty days after the rising of this As- 
sembly, to collect and pay the same into the general treas- 
ury ; and the general treasurer is directed to issue execu- 
tions against the town treasurers of the towns who may be 
delinquent, immediately after the expiration thereof. 

Whereas, the Hon. John Foster, Esq., judge of the mari- 
time court in this state, preferred a memorial, and repre- 
sented unto this Assembly, that the council of war have 
recommended it to him to tax an account respecting the 
capture of the ship Syren, in the bill of cost ; but that they 
have not ordered and directed him to do it. 

That he is willing and desirous to pay all due respect to 
the council of war ; but as they have not ordered him to do 
so singular a thing, there being no law either for or against 
doing it, and he considers himself only as the servant of the 
General Assembly, and cannot pretend to any authority but 
what he receives from them ; and as the said account 
amounts to so large a sum, he therefore humbly prays this 
Assembly to direct and order whether the amount of the 
said account shall be taxed in the said bill, and deducted 
out of the amount of the sales of the ship Syren, for the use 
of this state, before any distribution be made to the captors 
or not ; this Assembly having relinquished all their claims 
to the said prizes, or any part thereof, do, on consideration 
of the said memorial, — 

Vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the 
judge of the maritime court, in this state, be, and he is here- 
by, ordered and directed, to tax the amount of the said ac- 
count, being £470 8s. M., in the bill of cost, against the 
said ship Syren ; and that the same be deducted from the 
amount of the sales previous to any distribution made to 
the captors ; this state having relinquished all their claims 
to the said prizes, or any part thereof. 

It is voted and resolved, that the council of war be em- 
powered to dispose of the cannon at Bedford ; and such 



374 RECORDS OF TltE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 

other cannon, belonging to the state, as in their opinion may 
not be necessary for the service of the state. 

Whereas, Mr. Joseph Ballon, preferred a petition, and 
represented unto this Assembly, that by the assistance of 
several skilful miners, he hath discovered a silver mine in 
his land in Cumberland. 

That by a trial already made, it appears to be very 
valuable. 

That there will be great expense in opening the same j 
and that without assistance, he is not able to carry on such 
an undertaking ; which, when erected, will prove of singu- 
lar use to the United States in general, and to this state in 
particular ; and thereupon prayed this Assembly to grant 
him liberty to set forth a lottery, to raise the sum of £3,000, 
lawful money, to be appropriated for the purpose of opening 
the said silver mine ; upon which condition, he doth promise 
and engage, that this state shall have and receive the one- 
fifth part of the said mine, upon being at that proportion 
of the expense, after the said mine shall be opened as afore- 
said ; and the premises being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that Col. Jabez Bowen, Jonathan 
Arnold and Esek Hopkins, Esq., be, and they are hereby^ 
appointed a committee, to take into consideration the afore- 
going petition ; to go upon the ground where it is supposed 
the said mine hath been discovered ; and to make proper 
examination and inquiry respecting the circumstances of 
the same, and probability of success ; and that they make 
report to this Assembly. 

Whereas, Benjamin Slack, Daniel Manton, Edward Fen- 
ner, Caleb Harris and William Potter, commissioned officers 
of the troop of horse, preferred a petition, and represented 
unto this Assembly, that influenced by the purest motives 
of regard and love for the safety, honor and happiness of 
their country, at a time when invaded by a numerous and 
powerful enemy, in the year 1775, they, with others now 
belonging to the said troop, formed the design of establish- 
ing a troop of horse for the defence of the country. 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 375 

That this Assembly granted them a charter, with the 
powers and privileges therein contained. 

That in consequence thereof, and that they might not be 
unworthy of the favors therein granted, they have been at 
a very great expense in keeping suitable horses and mili- 
tary equipage, always ready at a moment's warning to go 
upon immediate duty. 

That they have always fully performed every thing re- 
quired of them by their charter; not doubting but that the 
privileges and honors therein contained, would be fully pre- 
served upon them. 

That their horses, which are the best in the country, have 
been in the service of the public, in going expresses, &c, at 
only two shillings per day expense to the state. 

That in the late intended expedition upon Rhode Island, 
one-half of the said troop w r as on duty. 

That the use of their horses and necessary expenses, have 
always exceeded their wages. 

And that, notwithstanding the privileges in their char- 
ter, doubts have arisen whether they are entitled to the 
same payment as officers of foot of the same rank, in the 
militia ; upon which account, payment for their services in 
the said expedition hath been delayed. 

And thereupon, they prayed this Assembly to take the 
premises into consideration, and to order that such of them 
as have been in the service of the state at any time here- 
tofore, and have not been paid, be allowed and paid the 
same wages as have been allowed to officers of the same 
rank in the militia regiments of foot, which they conceive 
themselves clearly entitled to, by their charter ; and the 
premises being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that Col. Christopher Lippitt, 
Gideon Comstock, Esq., and Major Sylvester Gardner, be, 
and they are hereby, appointed a committee, to take into 
consideration the aforegoing petition ; and that they make 
report thereof to this Assembly, at the next session. 

It is voted and resolved, that the oil in the possession of 



376 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 

Mr. Martin Luther, which was delivered him by Jacob 
Isaacs of Newport, be taken possession of by the sheriff for 
the county of Bristol, in behalf of this state ; that he make 
report to the council of war within ten days after the rising 
of this Assembly ; and that the same be disposed of under 
their direction. 

It is voted and resolved, that the masters of all negro 
slaves, who are bound out as apprentices, that already have 
enlisted, or shall enlist into the Continental service, shall be 
entitled to receive out of the general treasury the annual 
interest of the sum the said slaves shall be appraised at ; 
until the expiration of their apprenticeships ; and that the 
money remain in the treasury until the expiration of the 
said apprenticeships, and then be paid to the owner without 
interest. 

It is voted and resolved, that Walter Clarke, of Rich- 
mond, Peter Smith, of South Kingstown and Samuel Under- 
wood, of Exeter, be allowed and permitted to subscribe the 
test prescribed by this state ; and thereupon they shall be 
entitled to all the benefits and advantages thereby arising 
to the subjects of this state, in as full a manner as though the 
same had been subscribed by them at any time heretofore. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Deputy 
Governor be, and he is hereby, empowered to receive the 
back rents due for the farms taken possession of in behalf of 
this state ; and that he pay the same into the general 
treasury. 

Whereas, Henry Marchant, Esq., as delegate for this 
state, in the Continental Congress, was required by this 
Assembly, at their last session, to proceed to Congress, 
so as to join that body by the 20th of March, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the reasons offered by him 
for not proceeding, are satisfactory, and that this Assembly 
approve of his conduct therein. 

Whereas, the Most Honorable the Continental Congress 
did, on the 22d of November last, pass the following resolu- 
tion to wit ; 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 377 



Resolution of Congress relative to Supplies for the War to he fur- 
nished by the several States, 

" Whereas, great advantages have arisen from the establishment of Continental loan 
offices, on which Congress continue to place great dependence ; in order, therefore, as 
tiir as it is practicable, to ascertain the supplies for the war, which may be raised in 
the several states, upon loan office certificates, — 

Resolved, that it be recommended to the legislatures, or in the recess of any of them, 
to the executive authority of the respective states, to cause subscriptions to be opened, 
under the inspection of one or more respectable citizens within each town or district, 
specifying the names of the lenders, and the sums they are willing to lend ; and that a 
copy of such subscription papers shall, from time to time, be sent to the respective 
commissioners of the said loan offices, and by them transmitted to Congress ; pro- 
vided, that no certificate shall issue for less than §200." 

Which being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, That the following persons be 
appointed for the purpose, aforesaid, to wit : 

His Honor the Deputy Governor, Messrs. Thomas Rum- 
reil, John Brown, James Rhodes, Joshua Babcock, John 
Northup, Samuel Babcock, Thomas Tillinghast, John Sayles, 
Timothy Hopkins, Asa Kimball, Gideon Hoxsie, Thomas 
Gorton, Elihu Greene, Pardon Tillinghast, Pardon Gray, Na- 
thaniel Searle, Jr., Cromel Child, James Lovett, Edward 
Perry, Christopher Lippitt, George Thurston, Caleb Harris? 
Stephen Jenckes and Josiah Humphrey. 

It is further voted and resolved, that they make report 
of their doings to this Assembly, at the next session ; 
and that a copy hereof, be sent to each of the above named 
persons. 

An Act in addition to, and amendment of, an act passed 
the last session of this Assembly, for assessing a tax of 
£32,000. 

[See printed Schedule for the act.] 

It is voted and resolved, that General Cornell be, and he 
is hereby, empowered and directed to make such repairs on 
the house in North Kingstown, belonging to William 
Greene, Esq., which hath been made use of, and is further 

VQ£ Till, 48 



378 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 

wanted, as a guard-house, as may be necessary for accom- 
modating the soldiers who may be quartered in the same. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Collins, Esq., be, and 
he is hereby, appointed and required, to proceed to Con- 
gress, with the accounts of this state against the United 
States ; there to confer with the delegate or delegates of 
this state thereon ; and that the delegates of this state be 
requested to apply to Congress for the amount of the sum 
due to this state ; and that the said John Collins, as soon as 
the said money shall be ordered, and be by him received, 
bring the same forthwith, and lodge the same in the gen- 
eral treasury of this state. 

Whereas, Ezekiel Cornell and Christopher Lippitt, Esqs., 
presented unto this Assembly the following report, to 
wit : 

Jieport of the Committee appointed to examine, &c, into certain 
Military Abstracts. 

To the Honorable the General Assembly, now sitting at South Kingstown : 

We, the subscribers, being appointed, by this Assembly, a committee, to examine 
and certify certain abstracts now in our hands, do, upon examining the same, beg lib- 
erty to represent the following facts : 

1st. Adjutants and quartermasters have done duty, and charged their pay, when 
there was not a sufficient number of men on duty to entitle them to the same, agreeably 
to an act of this Assembly, of the 30th of April last. 

2d. A much larger number of captains and subalterns than are entitled to their pay 
by the abovesaid act, have also charged for the same ; also subalterns have charged 
captains' pay ; and sergeant-majors, and quartermaster-sergeants, quartermasters 
pay. 

3d. There is a much larger number of privates in the abstracts, than are contained 
in the weekly returns. 

4th. Several guards called on duty, by the Honorable Major General Spencer, have 
charged the same bounty that was given from time to time to the militia, without any 
authority sc to do. 

All which being fully considered, we are of the opinion that we are not clothed with 
power sufficient to do justice both to the public and individuals. Where men have 
done service equally alike, it is difficult for us to say which shall receive pay, and which 
not, with any degree of certainty ; we would rather recommend that so much be al- 
lowed as appears just, agreeably to the abovesaid act and the weekly returns ; and 
that an equal dividend be made to and among the whole number charged, according 
to their pay. 

Of the guards that were appointed by General Spencer, we can say nothing more 
than that the committees of safety have heretofore, as we have been informed, allowed 
them the same bounty the militia have had. It appears the .acts of government are 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 379 

silent in regard to them. We have before us General Spencer's orders for fixing some 
of them, in which he promiseth them pay and rations that shall enlist to the number 
settled. 

We beg liberty further to represent, that it is our humble opinion, that neither adju- 
tants nor quartermasters, serving in open violation of law, be allowed any pay, al- 
though the service is done. 

There being a number of abstracts that there are no weekly returns to support, we 
would recommend that the privates be paid according to the several abstracts ; and 
that the officers be treated as other officers are ; but that this be not brought as a pre- 
cedent in future. 

All which is submitted, by — 

Your Honors' most obedient, humble servants, 

EZEKIEL CORNELL, 
CHRISTOPHER LIPPITT, 

Committee. 



And the premises being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said report be re- 
ceived. 

That said committee, together with Nathaniel Mum ford, 
Esq., auditor of accounts, settle and adjust the accounts of 
the officers and privates, therein referred to, agreeably to 
the said report. 

That the guards appointed by Major General Spencer be 
allowed and paid the bounties, pay and rations, agreeably 
to the assurance given them by Major General Spencer ; 
but that the same be not called into precedent in future, of 
which the said committee are required to inform Major 
General Spencer ; and that the supernumerary officers re- 
ceive pay as privates. 

Whereas, the Honorable William Bradford, Esq., was em- 
powered by a resolution of this Assembly, to lease the es- 
tates taken possession of by this state, at public vendue, to 
such persons only as should be friendly to the United 
States ; and in pursuance thereof, at a public vendue, the 
real estate in Point Judith was struck off to William Gor- 
ton, of New London, in the state of Connecticut, who was 
the highest bidder for the same ; and whereas, it hath been 
represented to this Assembly, that the said William Gorton 
is inimical to the United States ; wherefore — 

It is voted and resolved, that a messenger be immediately 



380 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 

dispatched with a letter from His Honor the Deputy Govern- 
or, to the committee of New London, to obtain information 
of the character and conduct of the said William Gorton ; 
and if the said committee shall not certify that the said 
William is friendly to the United States, — 

It is further voted and resolved, that the bid of the said 
William, made as aforesaid, be, and the same is hereby, de- 
clared null and void ; and that the said estate be leased to 
Job Watson, who was the next highest bidder, if he inclines 
to take a lease thereof, for the sum of money, and upon the 
conditions he bid for the same ; or otherwise, the Deputy 
Governor is empowered to lease the same at public vendue, 
agreeably to the former resolution of this Assembly ; and 
that the said William Gorton be notified thereof, as soon as 
may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that the general treasurer be, 
and hereby is, directed to hire a sum of money (if needed, 
to supply the treasury,) not exceeding £20,000, lawful 
money ; and that he give his note or notes for the same, 
payable upon demand, with interest at six per cent, per an- 
num, until paid. 

It is voted and resolved, that this Assembly do approve 
of the resolution of the council of war, made and passed in 
March current, respecting allowing the officers two shil- 
lings, lawful money, for each retained ration ; and that the 
same continue in force until repealed by this Assembly, or 
the council of war. 

It is voted and resolved, that all the officers and soldiers 
who have been in the service of this state, in the fifteen 
months' brigade, whose time of enlistment expires on the 
16th day of March instant, be paid by the several commit- 
tees of safety all the wages due to them, immediately upon 
the expiration of their enlistments. 

That such of the said soldiers as have not been furnished 
with the clothing, hats or shoes, promised to them at the 
time they entered the service, have the same immediately 
furnished and delivered ; or that the person or persons to 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 381 

whom the same is due, be paid therefor such price for the 
deficient articles, as the council of war shall assess^ at the 
option of the person to whom the same is due. 

And whereas, it hath been represented, that more cloth- 
ing for the said brigade hath been issued out from the sev- 
eral committees, than was sufficient for clothing the said 
brigade ; and hath not been delivered agreeably to the or- 
der of the Assembly, — 

It is therefore ordered, that the several committees of 
safety make strict inquiry respecting the same, and call the 
persons to whom the same was delivered, to account there- 
for ; and that the several committees of safety, throughout 
the state, immediately send forward all the cloth or clothing, 
in their possession, to the agent-clothier, at Providence. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Job Watson be per- 
mitted to remove his hay from off the farm at Point Judith, 
heretofore leased him by this state, unless he should hire 
the same, or should obtain permission from the person to 
it may be leased, to use the hay on said farm ; and that he 
be permitted to fodder out his hay upon said farm, until the 
20th day of April next. 

That the said Job Watson and Stephen Champlin retain 
each $120 of the rent due for said estate, until the next ses- 
sion of this Assembly ; when the damages they may have 
received in not being put into possession of said estate, at 
the time mentioned in the lease, may be inquired into, and 
determined by this Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that the report of the committee 
appointed to draft a bill ascertaining the prices of goods, &c, 
agreeably to the report of the committee convened at New 
Haven, be accepted ; and that the consideration of the said 
report, and the bill for prescribing an oath of fidelity and 
allegiance, be, and the same are hereby, referred to the next 
session of this Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Reynolds, Esq., 
agent-clothier in this state, immediately purchase silk suffi- 
cient to make two standards for the regiments now raising 



382 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 

in this state ; of the quality and quantity that Col. Bowen 
shall direct. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. Gideon Hoxsie, Jo- 
seph Hoxsie and James Babcock be, and they are hereby, 
appointed a committee to value the stock, belonging to the 
estate at Point Judith Point, agreeably to the last lease of 
the said estate, and deliver the same to the person who may 
hire the said estate the year ensuing. 

It is voted and resolved, that it be, and it is hereby, re- 
commended to the council of war, to meet at the expense 
of the state, no more than six days in every other week ; 
unless the importance of the business should make it neces- 
sar}^, in the opinion of His Excellency the Governor, for the 
council to meet oftener. 

That they do not meet on Sundays, unless on great and 
urgent occasions ; and that the council of war insert an ad- 
vertisement in the Providence Gazette, giving notice of the 
time they shall appoint for transacting the public business. 

It is voted and resolved, that the general treasurer be, 
and he is hereby, directed to put in suit the thirty per cent, 
bonds given by the town treasurers, who were committed to 
jail upon executions issued by the general treasurer, for 
taxes which were due and unpaid, to the first court proper 
to try the same. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sheriff for the county 
of Kings, or his deputy, be, and he is hereby, directed to sell 
all the personal estate of Samuel Boone, lately residing in 
North Kingstown ; and all the estate of Thomas Cutter, 
consisting of snuff, &c, now in Hopkinton, at public vendue, 
as soon as may be, after once advertising the same in the 
Providence Gazette. 

That the snuff, &c, in Hopkinton, be sold at the place 
called Hopkinton City. 

That the said sheriff pay the taxes, which are due from 
the estate of Samuel Bourn, out of the moneys arising from 
the sale of his said estate ; and that he pay the remainder 
thereof, into the general treasury. 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 383 

It is voted and resolved, that all persons within this state, 
who have neglected to subscribe the test prescribed by an 
act of the General Assembly, be, and they are hereby, per- 
mitted to subscribe the same, before either the superior or 
inferior court of the county within which the person lives, 
who shall apply at any time on or before the first Wednes- 
day in May next ; provided, that the said courts shall, upon 
inquiry and examination into the life, conduct and con- 
versation of the person applying, be convinced he is a 
friend to the independence of this state, and of the United 
States. 

That upon their subscribing said test, they shall be en- 
titled to, and receive, the same benefits, advantages and im- 
munities, as the subjects of this state are, who have already 
subscribed the same ; any act to the contrary hereof, not- 
withstanding ; and that this act be published three weeks, 
successively, in the Providence Gazette. 

It is voted and resolved, that those persons who were 
known to be freemen in either of the towns of Newport, 
Portsmouth, Middletown and Jamestown, before the enemy 
took possession thereof, be, and they are hereby, authorized 
and empowered to meet for the purpose of choosing general 
officers and deputies for their respective towns, at the fol- 
lowing places to wit : 

Those of Portsmouth and Middletown, at the house of 
William Durfey, in Tiverton. 

Those of Jamestown, at the house of Matthew Allen, in 
North Kingstown, on the third Wednesday of April next ; 
and at each of the said places at 10 o'clock, in the forenoon, 
they conducting such choice agreeably to the usages and 
practices in their respective towns heretofore ; and that a 
copy of this resolve be inserted in the next Providence 
Gazette. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sheriff for the county 
of Kings, purchase two gallons of rum, on account of the 
state, and deliver the same to the soldiers who have been 
employed as guards during the sitting of this Assembly, 



384 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MARCH, 

It is voted and resolved, that the colonels of the several 
regiments of militia within this state, be, and they are here- 
by, empowered to receive a sufficient number of cartridges 
and flints, belonging to this state, from the laboratory, 
or elsewher3, to furnish the captains of the several alarm 
and militia companies, belonging to their respective regi- 
ments which are deficient, so that each soldier in their re- 
spective companies be supplied with seventeen rounds, and 
with two flints ; the colonels and captains giving and taking 
receipts for the same. 

That the captains of the several companies choose out a 
sufficient number of cartridges to fit the bore of the gun of 
each soldier in his company, wrap them up in paper, and 
mark thereon the names of the persons for whom they are 
chosen out. 

That they keep them in their possession until an alarm, 
when they are to be delivered to the soldiers ; and that the 
commanding officer of each independent company in this 
state be empowered in like manner to receive a sufficient 
number of cartridges and flints for his company, and direct- 
ed to observe the same order respecting them, as is above 
given to the captains of the militia and alarm companies. 

It is further voted and resolved, that whenever the sev- 
eral companies shall be dismissed from the service upon 
which they shall at any time be called out, the captain or 
commanding officer of each company shall collect the cart- 
ridges which shall not have been expended, and wrap them 
up, and keep them in manner as above directed ; and 
that return be made to the colonel or commanding officer 
of each regiment, or independent company, of the cartridges 
which shall or may be expended, and of the occasion, that 
they may be re-placed. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that His Excellency 
the Governor be, and he is hereby, requested to issue his 
warrant to each colonel and commanding officer aforesaid, 
agreeably to this act, that the same may be carried into ex- 
ecution immediately. 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 385 

Voted and resolved, that the following accounts be paid 
out of the general treasury, viz. : 

Bills Ordered to he Paid. 

£ s. d. 

Pardon Tabor, of Tiverton, for cleaning the meeting bouse, in which the sol- 
diers bad been quartered 2 00 

Richard Bailey, Jr., one of the town council of Richmond, for moneys ad- 
vanced, and services rendered, in hiring men to do duty upon the 
shores 3 14 

"Walter Cook, for bis time and expenses in numbering the inhabitants of 

Tiverton, in the year 1776 3 00 

Daniel Hall, for his time and expenses in carrying letters that came in a flag 

of truce from Newport, to the council of war, at Providence 1 16 

Pardon Gray authorized to draw from the general treasury, for paying the 

wages and repairs of the sloop Diamond 200 00 

"William Potter, for his time and a number of hands, for sundry services ren- 
dered at the state house, in Kings county, &c 54 06 

Daniel Billington, for boarding Thomas Billington, a sick soldier at his 

house 4 10 

"William Potter, for wood supplied by him, for the use of the courts, in Kings 

county 9 00 

Daniel Rodman, for his attendance upon the General Assembly, at the May 

session, 1777, as secretary . 2 08 

"William Channing, for his attendance upon the General Assembly, as assist- 
ant clerk 7 07 

Beriah Waite, for carrying acts of Assembly to the colonels of militia, &c, 

in Kings county 10 10 

Nathaniel Helme, for his attendance upon the General Assembly, at the 

present session 3 15 

Ebenezer Tefft, for his attendance, &c, upon the General Assembly, at the 

present session 4 04 

Joseph Cross, for his attendance on the committee to hear private petitions, 1 10 

Solomon Tefft, for his attendance on the General Assembly, at the present 

3 15 



God save the United States of America. 

Horatio Gates to the Governor of Rhode Island. 

"War and Ordnance Office, i 
March 3d, 1778. j 

Circular.] 

Sir : — Since writing the enclosed letter, the board judged it expedient to transmit 
it to the agent, through Your Excellency, and the Honorable Council, that the con- 
veyance may be more certain, and that we might have an opportunity of asking your 
and Council's assistance. 

The letter is open for perusal ; which when read, we pray you to seal and forward 
immediately to the agent, by a safe conveyance, The importance of the business we 

vol. vin. 49 



386 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY, 

trust, will be a sufficient apology for our giving you this trouble ; and we beg you to 
urge on the agent to the most vigorous exertions, and as far as possible, prevent any 
delays in him or others, who may be concerned in the execution of this order. Should 
money be wanting, and 'tis in the power of the state to supply it, we hope the business 
will not be retarded for want of it. 

I am, sir, with great respect, 

Yours, and the Council's most obedient, humble servant, 

HORATIO GATES, President. 
To His Excellency Nicholas Cooke. 

I have the honor to enclose tbe resolutions of Congress, recommending it to the 
young gentlemen of property in the state of Rhode Island, to form a volunteer troop, 
or troops of light cavalry ; also a descriptive list of the accoutrements necessary, as di- 
rected by Congress. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, on the first 
Wednesday in May, 1778. 

The following named officers, declared elected, were duly 
engaged : 

His Excellency William Greene, Governor. 
The Hon. Jabez Bowen, Deputy Governor. 

ASSISTANTS. 

John Tanner, Esq., Gideon Comstock, Esq., 

Christopher Ellery, Esq., Job Randall, Esq., 

John Sayles, Esq., Peter Phillips, Esq., 

Jonathan Arnold, Esq., Immanuel Case, Esq., 

James Arnold, Jr., Esq., Pardon Grey, Esq. 

DEPUTIES. 

Ncivport. Providence. 

Henry Ward, Esq., Mr. John Updike, 

Mr. Thomas Rumreil, Maj. Elihu Robinson, 

Mr. William Borden. Theodore Foster, Esq. 

Mr. Robert Stevens, Jr., Capt. Paul Allen. 



1778.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 



387 



DEPUTIES. 



Warwick. 
John "Warner, Esq., 
Mr. Thomas Holden, 
Mr. John Greene, 
Mr. Thomas Rice, Jr. 

Westerly. 
Joshua Babcock, Esq. 
North Kingstown. 
John Northnp, Esq., 
Maj. Sylvester Gardner. 

South Kingstown. 
Mr. Enoch Haszard, 
Rowse J. Helme, Esq. 

East Greenwich. 
Job Comstock, Esq., 
Thomas Tillinghast, Esq. 

Jamestown. 
Capt. Samuel Carr, 
Benjamin Underwood Esq. 

Smithfielcl. 
Caleb Aldrich, Esq. 
Mr. Peleg Arnold. 

Scituate. 
Timothy Hopkins, Esq., 
Mr. Christopher Potter. 

Glocestcr. 
Timothy Wilmarth, Esq. 
Mr. Caleb Arnold. 
Charleston))!. 
Col. Joseph Stanton, Jr., 
Jonathan Haszard, Esq. 

West Crreemvich. 
Thomas Gorton, Esq., 
Judiah Aylsworth, Esq. 



Coventry. 
Stephen Potter, Esq., 
Mr. Daniel Bucklin. 

Exeter. 
George Peirce, Esq., 
John Chajmian, Esq.. 

Bristol. 
William Bradford, Esq., 
Nathaniel Fales, Esq. 

Tiverton. 
Capt. Isaac Manchester, 
William Cooke, Esq. 
Little Compton. 
Nathaniel Searle, Jr., Esq., 
Mr. Adam Simmons. 

Warren. 
Mr. Cromel Child. 
Cumberland. 
James Lovett, Esq., 
Mr. John Lapham. 
Richmond. 
Edward Perry, Esq., 
Robert Stanton, Esq. 

Cranston. 
Christopher Lippitt, Esq., 
Mr. Peter Burlingame, 3d. 

HopJcinton. 
Thomas Wells, Esq., 
George Thurston, Esq. 

Johnston. 
Mr. John Smith, 
Caleb Harris, Esq. 



388 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY, 



DEPUTIES. 

North Providence. Barrington. 

Esek Hopkins, Esq., Josiah Humphrey, Esq. 

Mr. Esek Esten. 

The Hon. Joshua Babcock, speaker ; William Charming, 
Esq., clerk. 

Henry Ward, Esq., secretary. 

William Channing, Esq., attorney general. 

Joseph Clarke, Esq., general treasurer. 

DELEGATES TO REPRESENT THE STATE IN CONGRESS. 

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Esq., 
The Hon. William Ellery, Esq., 
The Hon. Henry Marchant, Esq., 
The Hon. John Collins, Esq. 

JUSTICES OF THE SUPERIOR COURT. 

Shearjashub Bourn, Esq., chief; Thomas Wells, Esq., 
second ; Paul Mumford, Esq., third ; Stephen Potter, Esq., 
fourth ; and Christopher Lippitt, Esq., fifth. 

JUSTICES OF THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS, FOR NEWPORT COUNTY. 

Benjamin Underwood, Esq., chief; Christopher Ellery, 
Esq., second ; Walter Cooke, Esq., third ; Philip Taylor, 
Esq., fourth ; William Taggart, Esq., fifth. 

JUSTICES OF THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS, FOR PROVIDENCE COUNTY. 

Thomas Greene, Esq., chief; Richard Steere, Esq., second ; 
Rufus Hopkins, Esq., third ; Jeremiah Whipple, Esq., fourth ; 
and Daniel Mowry, Jr., Esq., fifth. 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 389 



JUSTICES OF THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS, FOR KINGS COUNTY. 

William Potter, Esq., chief ; John Northup, Esq., second; 
Carder Hazard, Esq., third ; Joseph Hoxsie, Esq., fourth ; 
and Immanucl Case, Esq., fifth. 

JUSTICES OF THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS, FOR BRISTOL COUNTY. 

Nathaniel Fales, Esq., chief; John Child, Esq., second; 
Joseph Reynolds, Esq., third ; and Josiah Humphrey, Esq., 
fourth. 

JUSTICES OF THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS, FOR KENT COUNTY. 

Philip Greene, Esq., chief; James Arnold, Jr., Esq., sec- 
ond ; Gideon Mumford, Esq., third ; Benjamin Tillinghast, 
Esq., fourth ; Preserved Pearce, Esq., fifth. 

JUDGE OF THE COURT OF ADMIRALTY. 

John Foster, Esq., judge of the court erected for the trial 
of maritime causes, in and throughout the state. 

SHERIFFS OF THE SEVERAL COUNTIES. 

Neicport county. Bristol county. 

Jabez Champlin, Esq. Richard Smith, Esq. 

Providence county. Kent county. 

William Rhodes, Esq. Richard Fry, Esq. 

Kings county. 
Beriah Brown, Esq. 

John Foster, Samuel Chace and James Arnold, Jr., Esqs., 
the grand committee, or state's trustees. 

John Foster, Esq., keeper of the grand committee's office. 

Jacob Whitman, Esq., general sealer of weights and mea- 
sures within and throughout the state. 



190 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MaY. 



FIELD OFFICERS FOR THE STATE, IN THE SEVERAL COUNTIES. 

John Mathewson, Esq., colonel, of the first regiment of 
militia, in the comity of Providence. 

Joseph Noyes, Esq., colonel, of the first regiment of mili- 
tia, in the county of Kings. 

Nathan Miller, Esq., colonel, of the regiment of militia, in 
the county of Bristol. 

Thomas Holclen, Esq., colonel, of the first regiment of mi- 
litia, in the county of Kent. 

John Cooke, Esq., colonel, of the second regiment of mili- 
tia, in the county of Newport. 

Chad Brown, Esq., colonel, of the second regiment of mi- 
litia, in the county of Providence. 

Charles Dyer, Esq., colonel, of the second regiment of mi- 
litia, in the county of Kings. 

Archibald Kasson, Esq., colonel, of the second regiment of 
militia, in the county of Kent, 

William West. Esq., colonel, of the third regiment of mili- 
tia, in the county of Providence. 

Simon Whipple, Esq., lieutenant colonel, of the first regi- 
ment of militia, in the county of Providence. 

Jesse Maxson, Esq., lieutenant colonel, of the first regi- 
ment of militia, in the county of Kings. 

Peter Church, Esq., lieutenant colonel, of the regiment of 
militia, in the county of Bristol. 

Thomas Tillinghast, Esq., lieutenant colonel of the first 
regiment of militia, in the county of Kent, 

Pardon Gray, Esq., lieutenant colonel, of the second regi- 
ment of militia, in the county of Newport. 

John Angell, Esq., lieutenant colonel, of the second regi- 
ment of militia, in the county of Providence. 

Thomas Potter, Jr., Esq., lieutenant colonel, of the second 
regiment of militia, in the county of Kings. 

Thomas Gorton, Esq., lieutenant colonel, of the second 
regiment of militia, in the county of Kent. 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 391 

Richard Fenner, Jr., Esq., major, of the first regiment of 
militia, in the county of Providence. 

Thomas Sheffield, major, of the first regiment of militia, 
in the county of Kings. 

Peleg Heath, Esq., major, of the regiment in the county 
of Bristol. 

Job Pearce, Esq., major, of the first regiment of militia, in 
the county of Kent. 

Nathaniel Church, Esq., major, of the second regiment of 
militia, in the county of Newport. 

Asa Kimball, Esq., major, of the second regiment of mili- 
tia, in the county of Providence. 

Jonathan Maxson, Esq., major, of the second regiment of 
militia, in the county of Kings. 

Isaac Johnston, Esq., major, of the second regiment of 
militia, in the county of Kent. 

Officers to Command the several Trained Bands, or Companies of 
Militia, ivithin the State. 

Providence. First company — Abimelech Riggs, captain ; 
Hezekiah Dayton, lieutenant ; Joseph Allen, ensign. 

Second company — Lewis Peck, captain ; Samuel Hamlin, 
lieutenant ; Walker Harding, ensign. 

Third company — Charles Keene, captain ; Benjamin Com- 
stock, lieutenant ; Seth Wheaton, ensign. 

Fourth company — Jas. Snow, captain ; Zepheniah Brown, 
lieutenant ; Joseph Fuller, ensign. 

Warwick. First company — Job Randall, captain ; James 
Arnold, 3d, lieutenant ; James Carder, ensign. 

Second company — Squire Miller, captain ; James Jerauld, 
lieutenant; John Stafford, ensign. 

Third company — Thomas Rice, son of Thomas, captain ; 
Anthony Holden, Jr., lieutenant ; Stukely Stafford, ensign. 

Westerly. First company — Joshua Pendleton, captain; 
Ephraim Pendleton, lieutenant ; Simeon Pendleton, ensign, 



.392 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY, 

Second company — John Gavitt, captain ; Stephen Saun- 
ders, lieutenant ; William Bliven, ensign. 

Third company — George Stillman, captain ; Peleg Saun- 
ders, lieutenant ; Asa Maxson, ensign. 

North Kingstown. First company — Peter Wright, cap- 
tain ; Edward Dyer, lieutenant ; Samuel Dyer, ensign. 

Second company — James Albro, captain • James Eldred, 
lieutenant ; Lawrence Pierce, ensign. 

Third company — John Brown, captain ; Joshua Vaughan, 
lieutenant ; Beriah Waite, ensign. 

South Kingstown. First company — Timothy Lock, cap- 
tain ; Daniel Tefft, lieutenant ; William Stedman, ensign. 

Second company — Stephen Babcock, captain ; Joseph 
Carpenter, lieutenant ; John Weeden, ensign. 

East Greenwich. First company — William Hall, captain ; 
William Sweet, Jr., lieutenant ; David Andrews, ensign. 

Second company — Allen Johnston, captain ; Michael Spen- 
cer, lieutenant ; George Bailey, ensign. 

Jamestown. Edward Carr, Jr., captain; John Weeden (son 
of Daniel Weeden, Jr.), lieutenant; Samuel Carr, ensign. 

Smithfield. First company — Samuel Day, captain ; Rich- 
ard Sayles, Jr., lieutenant ; William Gully, ensign. 

Second company — Ebenezer Trask, captain ; Simeon Bal- 
lou, lieutenant ; David Aldrich, ensign. 

Third company — Joseph Sprague, captain ; Daniel Mow- 
ry, 4th, lieutenant ; Benjamin Sheldon, ensign. 

Scituate. First company — Jonathan Knight, captain ; 
Angell Sweet, lieutenant ; David Wright, ensign. 

Second company — Simeon Herrenden, captain; George 
Dorrance, lieutenant ; James Tyler, ensign. 

Third company — Coomer Smith, captain ; Jabel Angell, 
lieutenant ; Samuel Angell, ensign. 

Fourth company — Isaac Hopkins, captain; Ozial Smith, 
lieutenant ; William Walker, ensign. 

Fifth company — Samuel Wilbour, captain ; Thos. Field? 
lieutenant ; William Potter, ensign, 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 393 

Sixth company — William Howard, captain; James Welles, 
lieutenant ; Samuel Perkins, ensign. 

Glocester. First company — Stephen Olney, captain; 
Benjamin Burlingame, lieutenant ; Stephen Irons, ensign. 

Second company — Samuel Mayes, captain ; Daniel Math- 
ewson, lieutenant ; James Colwell, ensign. 

Third company — Abraham Winsor, captain ; Richard 
Lewis, lieutenant ; Nathaniel Wade, ensign. 

Fourth company — Stephen Winsor, captain ; Isaac Ross, 
lieutenant ; Israel Smith, ensign. 

Charlestown. First company — John Parks, captain ; Gid- 
eon Hoxsie, Jr., lieutenant ; Christopher Babcock, ensign. 

Second company — Amos Greene, captain ; Beriah Lewis, 
lieutenant; Daniel Stafford, ensign. 

West Greenwich. First company — Joseph Hopkins, cap- 
tain ; Benjamin Weaver, lieutenant ; William Case, ensign. 

Second company — Benj. Gorton, captain ; Caleb Greene, 
lieutenant ; Joseph Weaver, ensign. 

Third company — Joseph Draper, captain ; Joseph James, 
lieutenant ; Judiah Aylesworth, Jr., ensign. 

Coventry. First company — Benedict Colvin, captain ; 
John Colvin, lieutenant ; William Potter, ensign. 

Second company — William Roy, captain ; William Bur- 
lingame, lieutenant ; Elijah Weaver, ensign. 

Third company — L'angford Weaver, captain ; Samuel 
Greene, Jr., lieutenant ; John Bucklin, ensign. 

Fourth company — Asa Bennett, captain ; Joseph Kinyon, 
lieutenant ; Thomas Parker, Jr., ensign. 

Exeter. First company — Jonathan Bates, Jr., captain; 
Daniel Tillinghast, lieutenant ; John Congdon, Jr., ensign. 

Bristol company — William Throop, captain ; Joseph Rey- 
nolds, Jr., lieutenant ; Jonathan Diamond, ensign. 

Tiverton. First company — Isaac Cooke, captain ; Philip 
Corey, lieutenant ; Philip Manchester, ensign. 

Little Compton. First company — Ephraim Simmons, 
captain ; Samuel Cook, lieutenant ; William Simmons, 
ensign. 

VOL. Till, 50 



394 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY, 

Second company — George Simmons, captain ; John Da- 
vis, lieutenant ; Stephen Pierce, ensign. 

Cumberland. First company — Enoch Weatherhead, cap- 
tain ; Benj. Wilkinson, lieutenant ; Joseph Eazee, ensign. 

Second company — Amos Whipple, captain ; , Absalom 
Ballou, lieutenant ; William Emmerson, ensign. 

Richmond. First company — Richard Bailey, Jr., captain ; 
John Woodmansie, lieutenant ; Joshua Webb, ensign. 

Second company — John Clarke, captain ; Jeremiah Tefft, 
lieutenant ; Pardon Tefft, ensign. 

Cranston. First company — Anthony Potter, captain ; 
Josiah Potter, lieutenant ; Thomas Congdon, ensign. 

Second company — Frederick Williams, captain ; Nathaniel 
Carpenter, lieutenant ; John Harris, ensign. 

Third company — William Field, captain ; Joseph Potter, 
lieutenant ; Nehemiah Burlingame, ensign. 

Hopkinton. First company — Henry Wells, captain ; Syl- 
vanus Maxson, lieutenant ; Thomas Wells, Jr., ensign. 

Second company — George Thurston, Jr., captain ; Randall 
Wells, lieutenant ; Joseph Thurston, ensign. 

Third company — Jesse Burclick, captain ; Uriah Crandall, 
lieutenant ; Lebbeus Cotterel, ensign. 

Johnston. First company — Daniel Sprague, captain ; 
Robert Potter, lieutenant ; Isaac Arnold, ensign. 

Second company — Emor Olney, captain ; Daniel Angell, 
lieutenant ; Laban Waterman, ensign. 

North Providence company — Eleazer Jenckes, captain ; 
Samuel Olney, lieutenant ; Esek Olney, ensign. 

Barrington company — Viall Allen, captain ; Daniel Kin- 
nicut, lieutenant ; James Martin, ensign. 

It is voted and resolved, that the militia, in the town of 
Cumberland, and the third company of militia, in the town 
of Cranston, be, and they are hereby, annexed to the first 
regiment of militia, in the county of Providence. 

It is voted and resolved, that Henry Ward, Theodore 
Foster and Rowse J. Helme, Esqs., be, and they are hereby, 



1778.] * AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 395 

appointed a committee, to draft a bill, agreeably to a reso- 
lution of Congress, of the 23d of April last ; and that they 
make report, as soon as may be. 

In Council was read the return of the officers chosen to 
command the independent company of Kingstown Reds, 
in the county of Kings, which are as follows, viz. : 

John Waite, captain ; Nathan Taylor, first lieutenant ; 
Samuel Eldrecl, second lieutenant ; Gardner Tefft, ensign. 

Which being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said officers be, and 
hereby are, approved. 

In Council was read the return of the officers chosen to 
command the company of Kentish Guards, which are as 
follows, to wit : 

Richard Fry, Esq. colonel ; William Arnold, Esq., lieuten- 
ant colonel ; Griffin Greene, Esq., major ; Charles Greene, 
captain. 

Which being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said officers be, and 
hereby are, approved. 

The return of the officers chosen to Command the compa- 
ny of Smithfield and Cumberland Rangers, was read in 
Council, and is as follows, to wit : 

George Peck, captain ; Edward Thompson, first lieu- 
tenant; Levi Brown, second lieutenant; William Bowen, 
ensign. 

Which being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said officers be, and they 
are hereby, approved. 

It is voted and resolved, that the second and third com- 
panies of militia of the town of Exeter be annexed to, and 
do duty under the command of the commissioned officers of 
the first company of militia, of said town, until officers shall 
be appointed by this Assembly, for the second and third 
companies. 

Whereas, the following form of a commission, to be issued 



396 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MaY, 

to the delegates appointed to represent this state in Con- 
gress, was laid before this Assembly, to wit : 

Form of Commission to Delegates in Congress. 

By His Excellency "William Greene, Esq., Governor, Captain-General, and Com- 
mander-in-Chief, of and over the state of Rhode Island and Providence Plan- 
tations- 

To — , Esq., Greeting. 

Whereas, by the free vote of the freemen of the said state, on the first Wednesday 

in May inst., you, the said — ■ , was elected a delegate, to represent the said 

state, for one year, in the general Congress of delegates from the thirteen United 
States of America, now sitting at Yorktown, in the state of Pennsylvania, or wherever 
the same may sit : 

I do therefore, in the name of the Governor and Company of the said state, hereby 

authorize, empower and commissionate you, the said , in conjunction 

with the other delegates that are, or may be, elected delegates of the said state, or sep- 
arately and alone, in case of the sickness or necessary absence of the other delegates of 
said state, to represent the said state in the said general Congress ; and in behalf there- 
of, to join with the delegates from the other states, or major part of them, in all such 
measures as shall be thought best for defending and promoting the welfare of the said 
United States, agreeably to the instructions given, or that may be given, you by the 
General Assembly. This commission, so far as it empowers you to act separately and 
alone, is to continue good in that respect, unless it should be provided by the articles 
of confederation that no state shall be represented by less than two delegates ; in which 
case, any two of the said delegates, if no more than three are present ; or otherwise, 
the major part of those present, are empowered to execute this commission, which is 
also to be understood to continue in force until you shall be superseded, and another 
delegate shall appear to take your place. 

Given under my hand, and the seal of the said state, at Providence, this ■ 

day of — "*= ■ , in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and 

seventy-eight. 

By His Excellency's command. 

Whieh being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the aforesaid draught be, 
and the same is hereby, approved ; and that His Excellency 
the Governor be requested to issue a commission, under the 
public seal of the state, to each of the delegates appointed 
to represent this state in the Most Honorable the Congress 
of the thirteen United States of America, agreeably to the 
aforementioned form ; and that the same be countersigned 
by the secretary. 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 397 

It is voted and resolved, that John Updike, Stephen Pot- 
ter and Christopher Ellery, Esqs., and Mr. Robert Stevens, 
Jr., be a committee to examine the clothing returned into 
the deputy agent-clothiers store, in this state, by John 
Cooke, Esq. ; and that they make report as soon as may 
be. 

This Assembly, taking into consideration the memorial 
of Major General Sullivan of this day, to the General As- 
sembly, — 

Do vote and resolve, that John Reynolds, Esq., having, in 
pursuance of a resolve of Congress, of the 15th of November 
last, and at the request of James Mease, Esq., agent-clothier 
general, by his letter of the 21st of the same month, been 
appointed deputy agent-clothier general within this state, 
is therefore to be considered to all intents as a Continen- 
tal officer; and the clothing in his store as Continental 
clothing. 

And it is farther voted and resolved, that it be recom- 
mended to the said John Reynolds to supply all Continental 
officers with clothing out of his store, agreeably to the reso- 
lution of Congress of the 22d of November last, upon their 
producing to him an order therefor, from the Honorable 
Major General Sullivan. 

It is voted and resolved, that Miss Susannah Lyon be, and 
she is hereby, permitted to go upon Rhode Island, in the 
first cartel vessel ; and that she have liberty to carry on 
with her, her wearing apparel ; she obtaining the approba- 
tion of General Sullivan, for that purpose. 

It is voted and resolved, that the delegates of this state 
be, and they or either of them are hereby, empowered to 
bring forward the vouchers of this state's accounts against 
the Continent, as soon as they can do it with convenience ; 
unless it should appear to them necessary to detain the said 
vouchers at Yorktown. 

It is voted and resolved, that Thomas Cranston, now un- 
der confinement by order of the council of war, be per- 
mitted, with the consent of the Honorable Major General 



398 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [Ma\*, 

Sullivan, to remove from Mr. John Smith's, in Johnston, to 
his son Thomas Cranston's, in North Kingstown, there to 
continue within the limits of his said son's farm, until the 
further orders of this Assembly, or the council of war ; he 
giving bond, with the said Thomas Cranston, Jr., and Ed- 
ward Haszard, as sureties, in the sum of £2,000, lawful 
money, that he will continue a true prisoner within the said 
limits, until further order, as aforesaid. 

Whereas, William Bentley, Henry Oman, John Harwood, 
John Newton, William Pitman and Richard Thomas, pre- 
ferred a petition, and represented unto this Assembly, that, 
having been great sufferers by the enemy, and having been 
driven off from their habitations in Newport, they have now 
fixed up a boat, in order to catch fish at Point Judith ; and 
thereupon they prayed this Assembly to grant them a com^ 
mission, to make reprisals upon any of the enemy's shipping 
that may fall in their way, as they propose to equip them- 
selves with arms for their defence ; and further prayed this 
Assembly to supply them with arms sufficient for the said 
purpose, they giving therefor, security ; and the premises 
being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that His Excellency the Gov- 
ernor be requested to issue a commission of letters of 
marque and reprisal, to William Bentley, one of the peti- 
tioners ; and that Col. Daniel Tillinghast supply the peti- 
tioners with six good muskets, they giving security to ac- 
count for the same, when called for. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Nichols be, and he is 
hereby, permitted to subscribe the test, ordered to be sub- 
scribed by the inhabitants of this state. 

Whereas, by a report of the committee appointed to ex- 
amine the clothing returned into the clothier's store, by 
John Cooke, Esq., thirty-two coats, seventy-four white shirts, 
and four check shirts, being part thereof, are unfit for ser- 
vice, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the said John 
Cooke be required to appear before this Assembly, at the 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 399 

next session thereof, to render an account of his conduct in 
purchasing the same ; and that the said clothing be not 
disposed of until the further orders of this Assembly. 

His Excellency Nicholas Cooke, Esq., late Governor, and 
His Honor William Bradford, Esq., late Deputy Governor of 
this state, having entered upon their said offices at a time 
of great public danger, difficulty and distress, and discharged 
the duties of their stations with patriotic zeal, firmness and 
intrepidity, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the thanks of this Assembly 
be given them in behalf of this state, for their aforesaid ser- 
vices ; and that the secretary deliver a copy hereof, to each 
of them. 

Whereas, by an act of this Assembly, negro, mulatto and 
Indian slaves, belonging to the inhabitants of this state, are 
permitted to enlist into the Continental battalions, ordered 
to be raised by this state, and are thereupon forever manu- 
mitted and discharged from the service of their masters ; 
and whereas, it is necessary, for answering the purposes 
intended by the said act, that the same -should be tempo- 
rary,— 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that no negro, mulatto 
and Indian slave, be permitted to enlist into said battalions, 
from and after the 10th day of June next; and that the 
said act then expire, and be no longer in force ; any thing 
therein to the contrary, notwithstanding. 

This Assembh* having ordered a brigade to be raised, to 
serve until the 16th of March next, and allowed the soldiers 
who shall enlist therein, bounty and clothing, as specified in 
the act for raising the same ; and as the said brigade is not 
full- 
It is voted and resolved, that all such persons as shall 
enlist into the said brigade, on or before the 16th of June 
next, shall be entitled to the whole bounties allowed by the 
said act. 

That all such as shall enlist into the said brigade after 
that time, shall be held to serve twelve months, from the 



400 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY, 

time of their enlistment ; and that the secretary transmit a 
copy of this resolution to the colonel of each regiment in 
the said brigade, to be communicated to the several com- 
missioned officers therein. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Reynolds, Esq., agent- 
clothier in this state, be empowered to draw the sum of 
£16,250, lawful money, out of the general treasury; £4,000 ? 
part thereof, immediately, and the remainder when the 
money from Congress shall be received, for discharging such 
debts as have been contracted by him in his office ; and to 
enable him to obtain such further supplies of clothing and 
blankets, as may be necessary for the use of the officers in 
the Continental battalions raised by this state, and the sol- 
diers in the service of this state. 

Whereas, the prize ships Syren and Sisters ; and the prize 
schooner Two Mates, together with their guns, stores, car- 
goes and appurtenances, which were captured in this state, 
have been mostly sold by the captors, who are not empow- 
ered by law to call special courts, in order to collect from 
the purchasers the moneys due on the sales of the said 
prizes ; and the said moneys remain in the hands of said 
purchasers and the captors, and the costs and charges of the 
trial and condemnation of the said prizes, and other ex- 
penses thereof, remain unpaid ; and as no distribution can 
be made among the said captors until said moneys be col- 
lected, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and 
by the authority thereof it is enacted, that all the accounts 
of the sales of the said prizes, or authentic copies of said ac- 
counts, be immediately delivered to the sheriff of the county 
of Kings, by the person or persons who are possessed of the 
same. 

That the said sheriff be, and he is hereby, fully empow- 
ered, ordered and directed, immediately to demand and re- 
ceive from each of said purchasers all money due by his said 
account 

That in case any of said purchasers shall refuse payment, 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 401 

the said sheriff shall immediately call a special court for the 
recovery of said money, in the same manner as by law he 
might have done, in case the said prizes, or any part there- 
of, had been sold by him at public vendue. 

That as soon as the said sheriff shall have collected the 
said moneys, he shall deduct and pay out of the same, to 
the clerk of the maritime court, in this state, the amount of 
the costs and charges of the trial and condemnation of said 
prizes ; and that said amount be distributed by said clerk to 
the officers of said court, and others, to whom it belongs. 

That the said sheriff also deduct and pay out of said 
moneys to the general treasurer, for the use of this state, the 
sum of £470 8s. $d., being the amount of expenses paid by 
this state for the prisoners taken in the said ship Syren ; and 
that after said deductions, and all other incidental charges, 
duly ascertained, the said sheriff immediately distribute and 
pay all the remainder of said moneys to the said captors' 
agents, agreeably to the decree of said maritime court. 

Provided nevertheless, and it is hereby enacted, that no 
one of the aforesaid captors shall receive, or be entitled to, 
his share or dividend of said moneys, until he shall have sub- 
scribed the act of this state, commonly called the test act. 

And it is also hereby further provided and enacted, that 
before any one of said captors shall receive his share or 
dividend of said moneys, the said agents shall tender, and ? 
if he be willing to take the same, shall administer to him an 
oath, in the following form, to wit : 

Form of the Oath. 

"You, C. D., as in the presence of the ever living God, do sol- 
emnly swear, that you have not, by any ways or means what- 
soever, directly or indirectly, by yourself, or by any person or 
persons, for, by or under you, taken, secreted, concealed or 
embezzled, any article or articles of the goods, effects, or 
things of any kind whatsoever, which ever belonged to the 
prize ship Syren, or the prize ship Sisters, or the prize 

VOL. VIII. 51 



402 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY 

schooner Two Mates, or to the stores, tackle, furniture, car- 
go or appurtenances of either of the said vessels, which 
were lately taken near the shore of Point Judith ; and that 
if you know of any person or persons, who have taken, se- 
creted, concealed or embezzled, any of the aforesaid goods 
or effects, you will give information to the sheriff of Kings 
county, or to the agent or agents of the captors, of all you 
know, and of all that you have been informed of, by any 
other person or persons, relating to such concealment. So 
help you God." 

And be it further enacted, that each and every of the 
aforesaid captors, who shall refuse to make oath in the form 
abovesaid, shall forfeit his whole share or dividend of the 
aforesaid moneys ; and the said sheriff shall pay the same 
into the general treasury, for the use of this state. 

Whereas, Benjamin Davis, town treasurer of the town of 
North Kingstown, preferred a petition, and represented un- 
to this Assembly, that an execution was issued by the gen- 
eral treasurer, for the taxes assessed upon said town in Au- 
gust, 1777 ; that thereupon, he was committed to jail, and 
came out upon the thirty per cent, act ; and that the col- 
lector of taxes for said town, on the 20th of April last, 
paid the taxes assessed on the said town, with the in- 
terest due thereon, in the treasury, as appears by the cer- 
tificate with the said petition presented ; and thereupon, 
the said Benjamin Davis prayed that said town may 
be discharged from paying the said thirty per cent. ; and 
the premises being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the prayer of the said peti- 
tion be, and the same is hereby, granted. 

Whereas, Mr. Beriah Brown, Jr., a deputy sheriff of the 
county of Kings, in pursuance of an order of the council of 
war, of the 28th of April last, took into his possession all 
the real and personal estate of James Austin, late of North 
Kingstown ; and the said Beriah Brown having made report 
of his proceedings to this Assembly, — 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 403 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that the said Beriah 
be empowered and directed to lease the real estate of the 
said James Austin at public vendue, to such persons only as 
are deemed friendly to the liberties of America, the rent 
thereof to be paid in the produce of the same, at the prices as 
fixed in the last bill for regulating the prices of labor, &c. 

That the said Beriah deliver to the wife of the said 
James one cow, two one year old cattle, two barrels of 
cider, and the household furniture, being part of the per- 
sonal estate of the said James ; and that he sell the re- 
mainder of the personal estate of the said James at public 
vendue. 

Whereas, the committee, to whom was referred the peti- 
tion of John Baggs, Jr., who received a wound while in the 
service of this state, presented unto this Assembly the fol- 
lowing report, to wit : 

Report. 

We have examined into the circumstances of the case of 
the said John Baggs, Jr., and adjudge that he be entitled to 
receive half pay from the last day of October, until the last 
day of April, and one ration per day during that time. 

JONATHAN ARNOLD^ JOHN BROWN. 
JOHN SMITH, 

And the said report being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby 
is, accepted. 

It is voted and resolved, that the officers of the brigade 
ordered to be raised within this state, be allowed twenty 
shillings, lawful money, including the eight shillings hereto- 
fore allowed, for each man by them hereafter enlisted, and 
who shall be mustered in the said brigade. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sheriff of the county of 
Kent forthwith take into possession, for the use of the state, 
all the real and personal estate which did belong to Joseph 
Hunt, Jr., of East Greenwich, who hath joined the enemy ; 



404 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY, 

and that the said sheriff make report thereof to this Assem- 
bly ; or in the recess thereof, to the council of war. 

It is further voted and resolved, that the sheriff for the 
county of Kings, forthwith take into possession, for the use 
of this state, all the real and personal estate which did be- 
long to John Underwood, of North Kingstown, who hath 
also joined the enemy ; and that the said sheriff lease the 
said real estates in the same manner and upon the same 
conditions as the real estates in the possession of the state 
have heretofore been leased. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sheriff for the county 
of Kings inquire into the present situation of the estates of 
Samuel Gardner and William Robinson, situate in South 
Kingstown ; and that he make report to this Assembly as 
soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. Paul Allen, Esek 
Esten, Job Comstock, Caleb Harris and Joseph Stanton, Jr., 
be, and they are hereby, appointed a committee to draft a 
bill for further regulating hospitals erected for the small 
pox within this state ; and that they make report as soon as 
may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that a vote of the council of 
war, of the 18th of April last, directing Capt. Gabriel Allen, 
paymaster of Col. Topham's battalion, not to pay any boun- 
ties to any persons who may enlist into the said battalion 
until they shall have passed muster, be, and the same is 
hereby, repealed, so far as respects the payment of 
bounties. 

Whereas, the agent-clothier in this state, did, some time 
since, receive an order from the clothier-general, directing 
him to apply for a quantity of clothing belonging to the 
Continent, then in the state of the Massachusetts Bay ; and 
whereas, on application being made, it was found that the 
clothing was before disposed of; and information being re- 
ceived that there is a large quantity of various kinds of 
clothing lately arrived in Boston, on account of the Conti- 
nent, and there being constant and great demands made on 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 405 

the agent-clothier in this state, which he cannot comply 
with for want of money, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that John Reynolds, 
Esq., agent-clothier in this state, make immediate applica- 
tion to the agent-clothier, or Continental agents in the Mas- 
sachusetts Bay, or whoever may be in possession of the said 
Continental clothing, that they supply him with a sufficient 
quantity of the said clothes and blankets, to answer the 
present demands on him, on account of the United States. 

It is voted and resolved, that Joseph Clarke, Esq., general 
treasurer of this state, be allowed £500, lawful money, in- 
cluding his standing salary for his extraordinary services in 
his said office the year past ; and that he be empowered to 
draw the same out of the general treasury, accordingly. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Sayles, Esq., who 
is appointed by the town of Smithtield, to furnish the fami- 
lies of soldiers in the Continental service, within said town, 
with necessaries, be, and he is hereby, empowered to 
draw £150, lawful money, out of the general treasury, 
for the purpose aforesaid. 

It is voted and resolved, that any person within this 
state, not having subscribed the test or declaration hereto- 
fore prescribed by an act of this Assembly, shall have lib- 
erty, on or before the first Monday of September next, to 
subscribe the same, before the town council of the town in 
which he may reside ; and such person shall thereupon be 
entitled to all the privileges, franchises and immunities, as 
though he had subscribed the test or declaration in due sea- 
son ; and that no person shall be admitted to subscribe the 
said test after the expiration of said time, excepting persons 
who shall hereafter arrive at the age of twenty-one years, 
and officers and soldiers in the army, officers and seamen of 
the navy, and seamen who are absent at sea, who are here- 
by empowered, after the expiration thereof, to subscribe the 
same before the town council of the town in which they 
may reside. 

Provided nevertheless, that said town councils be, and 



406 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY, 

they are hereby, empowered and required to reject any 
persons who may not appear to them entitled to the privi- 
leges derived from the subscription of said test. 

And it is ordered, that this resolve be inserted in the 
next Providence Gazette ; and that copies hereof, be trans- 
mitted to the several town clerks within this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that the superior and inferior 
courts for the county of Newport be held at Tiverton, at the 
times at which by law they were to be holden in Newport, 
until the enemy remove from the island of Rhode Island ; 
and that the juries be empanneled at said court in manner 
as is before prescribed. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that a copy of this 
act be published in the next Providence Gazette. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Ebenezer Herrington 
have leave to improve, for one year, the lot of land lying in 
North Kingstown, lately belonging to Thomas Cutter, who 
is gone off to the enemy, at Newport. 

It is voted and resolved, that the secretary collect the 
resolves of Congress, and have them before this Assembly 
at their future meetings ; and that he report to this Assem- 
bly at the next session all such acts as have passed in con- 
sequence of resolves of Congress, since transmitting the 
same to Congress was recommended to this state. 

Resolved, that the act permitting inoculation within this 
state, and all acts made in addition to, and amendment 
thereof, be, and the}' are hereby, suspended until the 1st 
day of October next. 

Provided nevertheless, that permission be, and is hereby, 
given for inoculating the soldiers who have or may enlist 
into the Continental battalions raising by this state, in the 
farm-house belonging to Dr. Joseph Joslyn, in the town of 
East Greenwich, about four miles from the compact part 
thereof. 

Provided also, that the inhabitants of the town of North 
Providence may be inoculated ; or if they should take the 
small pox in the natural way, that they be removed to an 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 407 

hospital which may be ordered within said town by the town 
council thereof; to be under their direction, and under the 
rules and regulations as is provided in the aforementioned 
acts. 

It is further resolved, that if any person shall be guilty 
of inoculating any persons, or aiding, assisting, or advising 
thereto, within this state, contrary to this resolve, he shall 
forfeit and pay a fine of £30, lawful money, for each person 
who shall be so inoculated contrary to the tenor hereof, to 
be recovered by bill, plaint or information, in any court of 
record within this state ; one-half thereof, to and for the use 
of the informer, and the remainder for the use of this 
state. 

And it is ordered, that a copy hereof, be published in the 
next Providence Gazette, and sent to each town clerk with- 
in this state. 

Voted and resolved, that the following accounts be paid 
out of the general treasury, viz. : 

Bills Ordered lo be Paid. 

£ s. d. 
George Pierce, for a quantity of beef for the use of the troops stationed at 

North Kingstown 20 00 00 

Henry Marchant, as a delegate in Congress from Rhode Island 100 00 00 

John Reynolds, for two yoke of oxen, two ox yokes, and two chains, for 

the transportation of stores to the army 81 09 09 

Hezekiah Wilcox, for the freight of a quantity of salt belonging to the 

state 8 15 07 

Mrs. Abigail Read, for nursing Thomas Thornton, a soldier, sick with the 

small pox, and for sundry necessaries provided for him 13 10 00 

Dr. James Mason, for his attendance, &c, on the above named Thomas 

Thornton 3 12 00 

Stephen Hopkins, for his services and expenses as one of the delegates in 

Congress from Rhode Island 344 12 07 

John Ellis, for boarding James Sutton, a soldier, while sick with a fever, at 

his house 7 01 11 

Abel Tanner, clerk of the town council of Hopkinton, for provisions for the 

soldiers by them raised for the late intended expedition against Rhode 

Island, in October last 22 08 09 

John Baggs, Jr., for boarding expenses in consequence of a wound received 

by him while in the service of the United States 35 08 00 

William Bradford, for balance of his account against the state 27 02 06 

William Coddington, for his time and expenses in taking an account of the 

number of inhabitants in the town of Newport, in the year 1776 2 11 00 



408 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY, 

£ s. d. 
Capt. Samuel Phillips, for two blankets, and a number of knapsacks by him 

provided for the soldiers in his company 4 12 00 

Judiah Aylsworth, for his time and expenses in taking an account of the 

number of inhabitants in the town of East Greenwich 3 12 00 

Peter Phillips, in part payment of money borrowed of him by the state 250 00 00 

Walter Channing, paymaster to Col Crary's battalion, authorized to 

draw out of the general treasury 600 00 00 

Capt. Gabriel Allen, paymaster of Col. Topham's battalion, authorized to 

draw out of the general treasury 400 00 00 

Capt. Joseph West, paymaster of Col. Elliott's regiment, authorized to 

draw out of the general treasury 400 00 00 

Caleb Arnold, for his commission for purchasing forty -one pair of stockings 

in behalf of the state 2 11 00 

William Channing, for his expenses in attending on the General Assembly, 

as assistant clerk ... 8 10 00 

William Mumford, for his attendance as clerk, on the council of war ; and 

for his attendance on the General Assembly at the present session, as 

deputy secretary 21 12 00 

God save the United States of America. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, on Thurs- 
day, the 2%th day of May, 1778. 

His Excellency William Greene, Governor. 
The Hon. Jabez Bo wen, Deputy Governor. 

It is voted and resolved, that Caleb Harris, Esq., deliver 
one-half ton of pistol powder to Col. Daniel Tillinghast, for 
the use of the laboratory within this state. 

A letter from His Excellency Governor Trumbull, of the 
19th of May inst., to the Governor of this state, having been 
laid before this Assembly, and the subject matter thereof, 
taken under consideration, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be referred ; and 
that Henry Ward and Rowse J. Helme, Esqs., be a commit- 
tee to draft an answer to the said letter, and report the same 
as soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that a negro man Prince, belong- 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 409 

ing to Messrs. Joseph Brown and Nicholas Power, of Graf- 
ton, in the state of Massachusetts Bay, who hath entered 
into the regiment under the command of Col. Greene, be 
discharged from the said regiment. 

That the clothes and bounty advanced the said negro (if 
to be had), be delivered up to Col. Greene ; and that said 
negro Princ edeliver up all the equipments belonging to the 
state, if any he has received. 

Resolved, that eight hundred and thirty-nine effective 
men be raised by the several towns within this state (ex- 
cepting the towns of Newport, Portsmouth, New Shoreham, 
Middletown and Jamestown), for filling the battalions and 
regiment of artillery raising by this state, on or before the 
10th day of June next. 

That they be proportioned to the several towns in the 
following manner, to wit : 

The proportion of each town according to the last tax 
assessed upon it by the General Assembly (deducting one- 
eighth part of the sum last assessed upon the town of Bris- 
tol, and one-sixteenth part of the tax of the town of War- 
ren), shall be computed, and then the proportion of each 
town, according to the number of fencible men, as appeared 
by the last estimate, shall be also computed. 

And as a difference will arise in the two numbers, that 
the same be fixed by a relative proportion, to be struck be- 
tween the number of men to be raised by the tax, and the 
number of fencible men, which shall be the numbers to be 
raised by each respective town. 

It is further resolved, that the men who may be raised by 
the said towns, agreeably to this resolve, be allowed the 
same bounty and wages as have been allowed to the per- 
sons who have heretofore enlisted into said battalions and 
regiment ; and that the persons whose names are hereafter 
mentioned, be appointed and empowered to receive, out of 
the general treasury, such sums of money as are sufficient 
for paying said bounty, allowed to each soldier ordered to 
be raised by their respective towns, to wit : 

vol viii. 52 



410 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY. 



Names of Persons appointed by the General Assembly to pay the 
Bounty allowed to each Soldier of the respective Towns. 

For Providence — James Arnold, Esq., town treasurer. 
Warwick — John Warner, Esq. 
Westerly — Joshua Babcock, Esq. 
North Kingstown — Major Sylvester Gardner. 
South Kingstown — Mr. Enoch Haszard. 
East Greenwich — Thomas Tillinghast, Esq. 
Smithfield — John Sayles, Esq. 
Scituate — Timothy Hopkins, Esq. 
Glocester — Mr. Caleb Arnold. 
Charlestown — Joseph Stanton, Jr., Esq. 
West Greenwich — Jucliah Aylsworth, Esq. 
Coventry — Mr. David Buckliu. 
Exeter — John Chapman, Esq. 
Bristol — Nathaniel Fales, Esq. 
Tiverton — Pardon Gray, Esq. 
Little Compton — Nathaniel Searle, Esq. 
Warren — Mr. Shubael Burr. 
Cumberland — Mr. John Lapham. 
Richmond — Mr. Edward Perry. 
Cranston — Mr. Peter Burlingame, 3d. 
Hopkinton — Thomas Wells, Esq. 
Johnston — Edward Fenner, Esq. 
North Providence — Joseph Olney, Esq. 
Barriugton — Mr. Samuel Allen. 

It is further resolved, that the aforenamed persons de- 
liver the money unto the town treasurers of their respective 
towns, or unto such persons as the towns shall appoint to 
receive the same ; and thereupon the said towns shall be 
accountable to the state for the money by them received. 

It is further resolved, that each town in this state, which 
shall be deficient in raising its proportion of men, as afore- 
said, shall pay as a fine, to and for the use of this state, 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 411 

<£30, lawful money, for every soldier they shall be deficient 
in, to be recovered by bill, plaint or information, in any 
of the courts of record within this state, by the general 
treasurer thereof. 

It is further resolved, that if any person, enlisted by 
either of said towns, shall not pass muster, before the 
muster-master, appointed to said battalions and regiment, 
the town who shall have enlisted him, shall sustain any loss 
which may arise by reason of his enlistment, and furnish 
an effective man in the room of the person who shall not be 
mustered, as aforesaid. 

It is further resolved, that Mr. Nathaniel Mumford appor- 
tion the men to be raised, agreeably to this resolve. 

And it is ordered, that the secretary transmit copies of 
this act, and also of the said apportionment, to the several 
town clerks in this state, to which the men so to be enlisted 
are to be proportioned, on or before Monday next. 

The following is the apportionment of the men to the sev- 
eral towns, agreeably to the aforegoing resolve : 

Proportion of Men to be furnished for the Army by the several 

Towns. 

Proportion. Proportion. 



Providence 


80 


Bristol, - 


18 


Warwick 


52 


Tiverton, 




Westerly 


31 


Little Compton, 


30 


North Kingstown, - 


47 


Warren, 


14 


South Kingstown, 


69 


Cumberland, 


28 


East Greenwich, 


32 


Richmond, - 


22 


Smithfield, 


51 


Cranston, 


35 


Scituate, 


56 


Hopkinton, - 


29 


Glocester, 


46 


Johnston, 


21 


Charlestown, 


27 


North Providence, 


14 


West Greenwich, 


25 


Barrington, 


10 


Coventry, - 


34 







Exeter, 


31 




839 



412 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY, 

Whereas, this Assembly hath passed a resolve for filling 
up the battalions and regiment of artillery, raising by this 
state, for the defence of this and the other of the United 
States, by the 10th day of June next ; and whereas,a suffi- 
cient number of arms cannot be procured by this state, 
for equipping the men who may be enlisted into the said 
battalions and regiment, within the time limited, — 

It is voted and resolved, that Major General Sullivan be, 
and he is hereby, requested to procure such a number of 
arms, belonging to the United States, as shall be sufficient 
for equipping the men ordered to be raised for the purpose 
aforesaid. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. Enoch Haszard 
and Rowse J. Helme be, and they are hereby, appointed a 
committee, to receive of Mr. Gordon Tenant, on the Point 
Farm, the wool due for the rent of the same ; and that 
they remove it to a place of safety, until the further or- 
ders of this Assembly. 

Whereas, it appears, by a certificate under the hand of 
Mr. David Brown, duly and regularly attested, that he, to- 
gether with Joshua Lawton, between the 15th day of No- 
vember, and the 10th day of December, A. D. 1776, manu- 
factured and made, out of the sea-water, at the salt-works, 
in Barrington, in this state, eighty bushels of good common 
salt ; which being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the bounty allowed by law 
upon the salt above certified to have been manufactured in 
this state, at the time it was manufactured, be paid to Mr. 
John Updike, out of the general treasury, for the above 
named David Brown. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sheriff for the coun- 
ty of Bristol, or his deputy, forthwith take possession, in 
behalf of this state, of the real and personal estate, in the 
county of Bristol, belonging to Barnard Miller (who has 
joined the enemy on the island of Rhode Island), and make 
report thereof, to this Assembly. 

That in the mean time Job Miller, son to the said Bar- 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 413 

nard, be permitted to improve the said estate ; and that he 
account for the rents thereof, and for the said personal es- 
tate, to this Assembly. 

Whereas, His Excellency the Governor, by the advice of 
such of the members of the upper and lower houses of As- 
sembly, as could conveniently be consulted, hath ordered 
into actual duty one-sixth part of the militia, independent 
and alarm companies, within this state, for the defence 
thereof, to do duty for the space of fifteen days, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the conduct of His Excel- 
lency therein, be approved of; and that the said one-sixth 
part of the militia, independent and alarm companies, con- 
tinue in service for the space of time for which they have 
been called to do service, as aforesaid. 

Provided, that nothing herein contained shall extend to 
the town of Little Compton, but that the one-half part of 
the militia and alarm companies of the said town, continue 
to do duty, agreeably to a resolution of this Assembly, of 
the 6th of December last; excepting that the commanding 
officer of the said companies be appointed by one of the 
field officers of the second regiment of militia, in the county 
of Newport ; any thing in the said resolution to the contra- 
ry hereof, notwithstanding. 

And provided also, that this resolve shall not extend to 
the town of Barrins-ton. 

Resolved, that a committee be appointed, consisting of 
one person from each of the towns within this state, to 
inquire into the number of guns, bayonets and cartouch 
boxes, which have been purchased in behalf of this 
state, within their respective towns, agreeably to a former 
resolution of this Assembly ; the number of said guns now 
remaining in said towns, and if any are missing, to whom 
they were delivered ; who were appointed to purchase the 
same, and whether they have accounted for the money by 
them received for the purpose aforesaid. 

It is voted and resolved, that Col. Daniel Tillinghast im- 
mediately have the tin in his possession made up into cart- 



414 RECORDS OF TILE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [May, 

ridge boxes, and have the same painted and ready for use 
as soon as may be. 

It is further resolved, that the following persons be, and 
they are hereby, appointed a committee for the purpose 
aforesaid, to wit : 

Names of the Committee appointed for the above named purposes, 

For Providence — Capt. Paul Allen. 

" Warwick — Thomas Holden, Esq. 

" Westerly — Mr. David Maxson. 

" North Kingstown — Mr. Peter Wright. 

" South Kingstown — Rowse J. Helme, Esq. 

u East Greenwich — Job Comstock, Esq. 

" Smithfield — Mr. Peleg Arnold. 

" Scituate— Job Randall, Esq. 

u Glocester — Major Asa Kimball. 

" Charlestown — Mr. Jonathan Haszard. 

" West Greenwich — Mr. George Dyer. 

" Coventry — Mr. Isaac Johnston. 

" Exeter — John Chapman, Esq. 

" Bristol — Mr. John Howland, Jr. 

" Tiverton — Pardon Gray, Esq. 

"' Little Compton — Mr. Adam Simmons. 

" Warren — William Turner Miller, Esq. 

" Cumberland — James Lovett, Esq. 

" Richmond — Mr. Jonathan Maxson. 

" Cranston — Christopher Lippitt, Esq. 

" Hopkinton — Thomas Wells, Esq. 

" Johnston — Andrew Harris, Esq. 

" North Providence — Hope Angell, Esq. 

" Barrington — Josiah Humphrey, Esq. 

And that they make report of their proceedings to this 
Assembly at the next session. 

And it is further resolved, that a copy hereof be immedi- 
ately transmitted to each of the aforesaid persons. 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 415 

Resolved, that all persons who are by law obliged to 
equip themselves with a good fire-arm, bayonet and car- 
touch box ; and who shall not, by report of the town council 
of the town to which they belong, be reported to said town 
incapable of providing themselves as aforesaid, do provide 
themselves therewith by the first day of July next, agreea- 
bly to law ; or with a rifle gun and sword in lieu thereof, 
upon the penalty of £9, lawful money, for a gun, and £1 
10s., for a cartouch box and belt. 

That each captain shall make a return of all such persons 
as shall be delinquent within his district, to his colonel or 
commanding officer ; who is hereby directed to make report 
thereof to the town treasurer of the town where such delin- 
quent resides ; and the said town treasurer is directed im- 
mediately to issue his warrant of distress to the sheriff or 
deputy of the county within wmich the delinquent resides, 
for the fines which may be due, agreeably to this resolve ; 
and that the same be lodged in the town treasury of the 
town within which such delinquent resides, to be accounted 
for, when required, to this Assembly. 

Provided, that nothing herein contained, shall extend to 
any person who shall produce a certificate to his colonel, 
that his gun has been taken from him for public service, 
and not accounted for, since the commencement of the 
present Avar ; and that report be also made to this As- 
sembly. 

It is further resolved, that a copy hereof, be forthwith 
transmitted to each of the colonels of regiments, and 
captains of the militia and alarm companies, within this 
.state. 

It is voted and resolved, that Solomon Barrows be, and 
he is hereby, appointed ensign of the first compan}' of mili- 
tia in the town of Smithfield, in the room of William Gul- 
ley, who declines. 

That Thomas Easterbrooks be first lieutenant of the com- 
pany of militia, in the town of Warren, in the room of 
Smith Bowen, who is hereby dismissed. 



416 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY, 

That Gideon Harris be ensign of the company of militia 
in the town of Scituate, commanded by Capt. Coomer 
Smith, in the room of Samuel Angell, who declines. 

That Thomas Congdon be lieutenant of the first company 
of militia in the town of Cranston, in the room of Josias 
Potter, who has removed out of the district of the said first 
company. 

And that Moses Warner be ensign in the said company 
last mentioned, in the room of said Thomas Congdon, who 
is promoted. 

Whereas, a number of the inhabitants of Bristol preferred 
a petition, and represented unto this Assembly, that in the 
late excursion of the enemy from Newport, through that 
town, they in a most savage manner burnt and destroyed 
their dwelling houses, furniture, clothing, &c. 

That they are become beggars, and live upon the charity 
of their friends and neighbors ; and thereupon prayed this 
Assembly to take their distressed circumstances into con- 
sideration, and grant them some relief; and the premises 
being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that Nathaniel Fales, Esq., be, 
and he is hereby, empowered to draw £330, lawful money, 
out of the general treasury ; and that he deliver the same 
to the town council of the town of Bristol, to be by them 
distributed to the petitioners, and the other sufferers in the 
late excursion of the enemy, according to their real wants 
and necessities. 

It is voted and resolved, that the draft of a letter to 
Governor Trumbull, presented unto this Assembly by the 
committee appointed for that purpose be, and the same is 
hereby, approved of; and that a fair copy thereof, signed 
by His Excellency the Governor, in behalf of this Assembly, 
be transmitted to His Excellency Governor Trumbull. 

Resolved, that it be recommended to the Hon. Major 
General Sullivan, to take up all persons who are suspected 
or known to be unfriendly to this state, or to the United 
States, in general, that he shall think proper, and proceed 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 417 

against them according to the known practice in such cases 
in the army under the immediate command of His Excel- 
lency General Washington. 

It is further resolved, that in case of an alarm, Major 
General Sullivan, or the commander of the troops within 
this state, for the time being, be empowered, with the ad- 
vice and concurrence of His Excellency the Governor, if 
present, or in his absence, of His Honor the Deputy Gov- 
ernor, to call forth the militia, alarm and independent com- 
panies, or any part thereof, to do duty, which they shall be 
held to do, within this state only, unless in cases of immi- 
nent danger, when they may be marched to any place with- 
in his command. 

And that when any draught shall be made, in pursuance 
of an act of the General Assembly, the proper officer shall 
make immediate and exact returns thereof to the com- 
mander for the time being, as aforesaid. 

It is further resolved, that every officer and soldier who 
shall neglect or refuse to do his duty when so called, and 
every person who shall be so draughted, and shall not ap- 
pear, or procure an effective man in his room, shall be liable 
to be called to account, and punished for disobedience of or- 
ders, or refusal or neglect of duty, in the same manner as 
officers and soldiers in actual service may be ; excepting 
persons of tender consciences, for whom the town councils 
of the respective towns shall provide effective men, in man- 
ner as directed by an act passed in April, A. D. 1777, in ad- 
dition to the act for relief of persons of tender consciences. 

It is further resolved, that this act shall continue in force 
until the meeting of this Assembly at the next session, and 
no longer ; and that copies of it be immediately delivered 
to Major General Sullivan, and to the several commanding 
officers of the regiments of militia, alarm and independent 
companies, within this state. 

Whereas, great inconveniences arise from an order of 
the council of war, made the 21st day of March last, 
directing — 

vol. viii. 53 



418 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY, 

" That the colonels of each regiment, which did belong to 
the fifteen months' brigade, within this state, lodge with 
John Reynolds, Esq., agent-clothier, an exact list of the 
names of the several men lately belonging to their respec- 
tive regiments, who have any clothing due to them from 
the state, with an account of each particular garment that is 
respectively due to them ; and that the said clothier, upon 
any person named in said list, bringing unto him a certifi- 
cate from the colonel, what clothing is due from this state 
to such person, that the said agent-clothier deliver the same 
unto such person, or pay the value of such clothing in 
money, taking a receipt therefor." 

For remedy whereof, — 

It is voted and resolved, that, in future, upon receipt of 
the return from each respective colonel of the said battal- 
ions, by the agent-clothier, of the names of those persons, in 
their late regiments, to whom clothing is due, and specify- 
ing particularly the several articles so due to each, that he 
deliver to the said colonels so much clothing as shall be due, 
or pay for the same, or any part thereof, in money ; and 
that the said colonel deliver out the same to the several 
persons to whom it shall be due ; or in lieu thereof, pay the 
allowed prices therefor, taking receipts from each person for 
what shall be delivered or paid ; which receipts, being re- 
turned to the agentrclothier, shall cancel and discharge 
their respective receipts, given to him for such clothing or 
money. 

An Act for calling in and sinking all the outstanding bills 

of credit emitted by this state. 

[See printed Schedule for the act,] 

In Council was read the return of the officers chosen to 
command the Glocester Light Infantry Company, which are 
as follows, to wit : 

Timothy Wilmarth, Jr., captain; Martin Smith, first lieuten- 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 419 

ant ; Caleb Sheldon, second lieutenant ; Ezekiel Smith, 
ensign. 

Which being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said officers be, and 
they are hereby, approved. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Reynolds, Esq., 
agent-clothier in this state, deliver to the officers of the 
brigade, ordered to be raised within this state, and to do 
duty for twelve months, from the 16th clay of March last, 
such necessary articles of clothing, and at such prices, as are 
specified in a resolve of Congress of the 2 2d day of No- 
vember last, upon their producing a certificate from Gen. 
Sullivan, of the proportion to be furnished them respective 
ly, agreeably to said resolve. 

An Act for the better regulating the Council of War. 

Whereas, this General Assembly did, on the loth day of 
December, A. D. 1776, constitute a council of war, and did, 
in and by said act, delegate unto said council the authority 
and powers in said act mentioned ; and whereas, heretofore 
the state hath not been equally represented in said council ; 
in order therefore, for the better and more equal represen- 
tation of the state at large, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is hereby enacted, that the said council 
of war shall consist of twenty-one members ; whereof, three 
shall be for the county of Newport ; six for the county of 
Providence ; six for the county of Kings ; three for the 
county of Bristol, and three for the county of Kent ; seven 
of whom, shall constitute a quorum. 

That said council, composed of the members from the dif- 
ferent counties as aforesaid, convene in the recess of the 
General Assembly, as often as His Excellency the Gov- 
ernor, or in his absence, His Honor the Deputy Governor 
shall think it necessary, for the good purposes for which 
said council was instituted. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 



420 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY, 

unless there is a member from four of said counties, said 
council shall not be deemed clothed with sufficient powers 
to make any resolve whatever. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
not more than three members from any county shall sit at 
one time, to do the ordinary business of said council, but 
may be convened upon extraordinary occasions. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the members appointed and constituted to compose said 
council, shall be first convened by order of the Governor ; 
and that they then appoint when they shall next con- 
vene, in order to do the ordinary business of said council, 
and publish the same in the Providence Gazette, and also 
the times when and where they shall adjourn ; and that 
there be allowed and paid out of the general treasury, to 
each and every member, the sum of twelve shillings per 
day, for each and every day they shall convene themselves 
agreeably to this act, together with all their reasonable ex- 
penses ; and there shall be further allowed unto each of the 
members, living out of the county where said council shall 
be called, one day extra, for their times in convening and 
returning home. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, 
that the members from each county shall attend in rota- 
tion, unless otherwise agreed to by the members from the 
said county. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
no member of the General Assembly, but those who are ap- 
pointed of the council of war, shall be entitled to any vote 
in said council. 

Resolved, that the act permitting inoculation within this 
state, and all acts made in addition to, and amendment 
thereof, be, and they are hereby, suspended until the 1st 
day of October next. 

Provided nevertheless, that permission be, and is hereby, 
given for inoculating the soldiers who have or may enlist 
into the Continental battalions raising by this state, in 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS 421 

the farm-house belonging to Dr. Joseph Joslyn, in the 
town of East Greenwich, about four miles from the compact 
part thereof. 

Provided also, that the inhabitants of the town of North 
Providence may be inoculated ; or, if they should take the 
small pox in the natural way, that they may be removed to 
a hospital, which may be ordered within said town, by the 
town council thereof, to be under their direction, and under 
the rules and regulations as is provided in the aforemen- 
tioned acts. 

It is further resolved, that if any person shall be guilty of 
inoculating any persons, or aiding, assisting or advising 
thereto, within this state, contrary to this resolve, he shall 
forfeit and pay a fine of £30, lawful money, for each person 
who shall be so inoculated, contrary to the tenor hereof, to 
be recovered by bill, plaint or information, in any court of 
record within this state ; one-half thereof, to and for the 
use of the informer, and the remainder for the use of this 
state. 

And it is ordered, that a copy hereof, be published in the 
next Providence Gazette, and sent to each town clerk with- 
in this state. 

It is voted and resolved, that the attorney general be, 
and he is hereby, directed to prosecute any persons who 
have been, or may be, guilt of a breach of an act of this As- 
sembly passed at the last session, entitled " An act in addi- 
tion to, and amendment of, an act permitting inoculation for 
the small pox within this state, to the first courts proper to 
try the same." 

It is voted and resolved, that the bounties allowed to the 
soldiers who may enlist into the brigade ordered to be 
raised within this state, be paid in Continental bills of 
credit ; and that the committees appointed to receive the 
said bounties, receive the same in Continental bills ac- 
cordingly. 

It is voted and resolved, that the council of war be, and 
they are hereby, empowered to excuse from personal duty 



422 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY, 

in the militia, such persons as may from time to time be 
employed within this state, in manufacturing military- 
stores and other articles for the use of the United States, 
agreeably to the true intent and meaning of a resolution of 
Congress of the 1st of May, A. D. 1778. 

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, made 
choice of the following gentlemen to constitute a council of 



Names of the Members of the Council of War. 

For the county of Newport — Henry Ward, Esq., Thomas 
Rumreil, Esq., Pardon Gray, Esq. 

For the county of Providence — Hon. Jabez Bowen, Esq., 
John Sayles, Esq., Gideon Comstock, Esq., John Updike, 
Esq., James Lovett, Esq., Esek Hopkins, Esq. . 

For the county of Kings — Hon. Joshua Babcock, Esq., 
Immanuel Case, Esq., Rowse J. Helme, Esq., Thomas Wells, 
Esq., John Northup, Esq., George Peirce, Esq. 

For the county of Bristol — Nathan Miller, Esq., Cromel 
Child, Esq., Josiah Humphrey, Esq. 

For the county of Kent — His Excellency William Greene, 
Esq., James Arnold, Esq., Stephen Potter, Esq. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. Pardon Gray, John 
Jenckes, Rowse J. Helme, Nathan Miller and Thomas Til- 
linghast, be, and they are hereby, appointed a committee to 
prepare a bill for taking a just estimate of the ratable es- 
tates in this state, in order that an equitable proportion of 
taxes may be assessed upon the several towns. 

That they make report to this Assembly at the next ses- 
sion ; and that the council of war be empowered to appoint 
suitable persons in the stead of such as shall refuse, taking 
care to appoint persons in the same county with those re- 
fusing. 

It is voted and resolved, that the draft of a letter to the 
Council of the Massachusetts Bay, presented unto this As- 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 423 

sembly by the committee appointed for that purpose, be, 
and the same is hereby, approved ; and that a fair copy 
thereof, signed by His Excellency the Governor, be trans- 
mitted to the president of the Council of Massachusetts 
Bay. 

Voted and resolved, that the following accounts be paid 
out of the general treasury, viz. : 

Bills Ordered to be Paid. 

£ s. d. 
Capt. George Simmons, in behalf of a part of his company, who did duty in 

October last 84 00 00 

Charles Church, for a number of guns by him purchased for the use of the 

inhabitants of the town of Charlestown 49 03 0G 

Major James Sumner, to furnish the armorer's shop with such necessaries 

as may be wanted, authorized to draw out of the general treasury .... 40 00 00 
William Channing, for his expenses in attending on the General Assembly, 

as assistant clerk 5 10 00 

God save the United States of America. 

Governor Trumbull of Connecticut to the Governor of Rhode 
Island. 



Hartford, May 19th, 1778. 

Sir : — As it is of the utmost importance in the great contest in which we are en- 
gaged, that unanimity and harmony should subsist and be maintained, and a similarity 
of measures be pursued by the respective states, itis with great anxiety and concern we 
hear that your state, with any other, have hitherto declined acceding to those necessa- 
ry and salutary measures reported by the convention at New Haven, in compliance 
with and pursuance of a resolution of Congress, recommending the same. 

And though many objections and difficulties lie in the way, and much delicacy 
seemed to attend, yet considering it was the united voice of these states, that pointed 
out the expediency, utility and necessity of the measure; and being the only means 
that'could be devised, for giving an immediate check to the rapid depreciation and ex- 
tortion, which, like a deluge, seemed to threaten us with immediate ruin, unless re- 
strained by some sovereign act, until the more effectual and radical, but slower reme- 
dies of taxation, &c, could be applied, felt and perceived; which when effected, and 
the_tide once changed, the regulating system, having thus answered the end designed, 
would of course fall to the ground like a useless machine. 

Impressed with these ideas, this state were induced to comply fully with the mea- 
sures recommended, confiding in our sister states, that they would do the same, 
and not break that union and interrupt that harmony, on which our safety so much 
depends. 

And though no state is perhaps more affected in its relative interest, by the regula- 
tion than this, as the army have drawn, and still continue to draw, their chief supplies, 



424 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE- ISLAND [MAY, 

especially of her meat kind, from hence ; yet every partial view has been obliged to 
give way to the voice of the convention, the voice of Congress, and the general 
good. 

Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York, we understand, have adopted the mea- 
sures, and are determined to enforce them ; with whom we shall fully co-operate. 
And had the eastern states done the same, Ave cannot but imagine we should have seen, 
ere this, very happy effects therefrom. But your neglecting it, has thrown us into 
great embarrassments, and proves very injurious to those states that have come into 
the measure, and must eventually tend to ruin and defeat the whole. 

"We must beg leave, therefore, to call your immediate attention to this important ob- 
ject, and request your determination thereon, that we might be enabled to take such 
further measures as may be found requisite. 

At the same time, we cannot but flatter ourselves, from your former readiness to 
join such measures as have heretofore been thought necessary for the general good, 
that you will most cheerfully co-operate with us in this most salutary and important 
plan. I am, with esteem and regard, 

(in behalf of the Assembly of the state of Connecticut), 

Your Honor's most obedient, humble servant, 

JONATH. TRUMBULL. 

His Excellency William Greene, Esq. 

The Governor of Rhode Island to Governor Trumbull 

State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. Council Chamber, > 

Providence, 26th May, 1778. \ 

Sir : — This is to inform you, that a party of about seven hundred of the enemy land- 
ed upon the eastern part of this state the night before last, towards break of day, and 
burnt about thirty houses and stores in the towns of Bristol and Warren ; as also our 
flat-bottom boats, to the number of about seventy or eighty, which lay at a place called 
Kickemuit, which has greatly alarmed the inhabitants of this state ; especially, as we 
have been for a considerable time past almost entirely neglected by our sister states 
not assisting with their quota of troops, according to the agreement entered into by the 
convention at Springfield ; and unless we can be better furnished for the future, I see 
nothing to hinder immediate destruction from taking place ; for unless the major part 
of our militia are continually upon duty, the shores cannot properly be guarded ; and 
in that case, we shall very soon be deprived of the necessaries of life ; that considering 
our unhappy situation, and how distressing the season has now opened, I am convinced 
I need not use any further arguments to convince you of the necessity of your states' 
sending forward their troops with the utmost despatch. 

I am, with great respect, sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

W. GREENE. 

To Governor Trumbull and President Powell. 



1778.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 425 



The Governor of Rhode Island to Governor Trumbull. 

Providence, May 29th, 1778. 

Sir : — General Wads worth and Mr. Ilillhouse, the committee appointed by your 
General Assembly to confer with this and the state of the Massachusetts Bay upon the 
measure recommended by the convention at New Haven, for reducing the exorbitant 
prices of commodities, by regulating their rates, have delivered me Your Excellency's 
letter of the 19th instant; which I laid before the General Assembly this morning. 

The local situation of this government, hounded on the north and east by the Massa- 
chusetts for an extent of upwards of sixty miles, together with the most unhappy cir- 
cumstance of being shut out from every kind of supply by sea, renders us so connected 
with that great state, that the General Assembly, thinking it could not answer any one 
intention of the Congress or convention, for this state to adopt the measure without a 
concurrent conduct on the part of Massachusetts Bay, and would involve us in the 
greatest of difficulties, have come to a resolution to postpone the consideration of the 
matter to a future day. 

I will just add, that this state, as it hath ever done, will, upon all occasions, co- 
operate with the sister states in every measure that shall be agreed upon for the good 
of the whole. 

I have the honor to be, with the greatest esteem, 

Your Excellency's most obedient, humble servant, 

WM. GREENE. 

To Gov. Trumbull. 

The Governor of Rhode Island to the Council of the State of 
Massachusetts. 

Providence, May 31, 1778. 

Gentlemen : — The exposed situation of the frontier state of Rhode Island, hath ever 
been an object that engaged the attention and claimed the exertions of the other New 
England states in her favor ; and this she had a right to expect after the mutual agree- 
ment of their convention at Springfield, and its ratification by the Continental 
Congress. 

But the moderation with which our sister states have of late conducted, in a matter 
of such importance, has thrown us under the greatest disadvantages, and we already 
feel its distressing consequences ; by the late descent of the enemy, the public as well 
as this state, have suffered a very considerable loss ; and they are now, at this mo- 
ment, burning and ravaging the towns of Tiverton and Freetown. 

We have ordered our battalions to be filled by apportioning them to the several 
towns, who are to fuAish their quotas by the 10th of June, under severe penalties for 
neglect ; and in addition to those already raised, have one-sixth part of our militia, 
alarm and independent companies, constantly on duty ; and shall make every other 
exertion in our power, to defend ourselves, until the stipulated aids arrive. And we do, 
in the most earnest manner, call upon the state of Massachusetts Bay immediately to 
send in their quota of troops, and rescue us from the destruction that otherwise must 
ensue. I am yours, &c, WM. GREENE. 

To the Council of Massachusetts Bay. 

VOL. VIII. 54 



426 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [JUNE, 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at East Greenwich, on the 
last Monday in June, IT 78. 

His Excellency William Greene, Governor. 
The Hon. Jabez Bowen, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, a committee was appointed at the last session 
of this Assembly, to inquire into the number of guns, bayo- 
nets and cartouch boxes, which have been purchased in be- 
half of this state, within their respective towns, agreeably to 
a former resolution of this Assembly ; the number of the 
said guns now remaining in the said towns, and if any are 
missing, to whom they were delivered, and who were ap- 
pointed to purchase the same, — 

It is voted and resolved, that said committee be, and 
they are hereby, continued, for the purpose aforesaid ; and 
that they make the said inquiry, and a report thereof, to 
this Assembly, at the next session. 

Whereas, this Assembly, at December second session, A. 
D. 1777, did pass an act, appointing a committee to draft a 
bill for confiscating and making sale of all the real and per- 
sonal estates, of such of the inhabitants of this state and 
others, who have forfeited the same, and their right to the 
protection of this state ; and to invest the moneys arising 
from the sales, in Continental loan-office certificates, to be 
appropriated as shall be hereafter directed by the legislative 
authority of this state, agreeably to the recommendation of 
Congress, of the 22d of November last ; and whereas, said 
committee have not yet made any report, agreeably to said 
resolve ; and whereas, Henry Marchant, Esq., one of the 
said committee, is now necessarily absent ; wherefore — 

Resolved, that the Hon. Jabez Bowen, Esq., together with 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 427 

Henry Ward, Rowse J. Helme and William Charming, Esqs., 
three of the committee heretofore appointed, be, and they 
are hereby, continued a committee for the purpose afore- 
said. 

That they make report to this Assembly at the next ses- 
sion ; and that a copy of this resolve be transmitted to each 
of said committee, within ten days after the rising of this 
Assembly. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. David Austin be permit- 
ted to take off the rye and wheat growing on the farm 
lately improved by him, in the town of Exeter, without any 
molestation from Mr. Samuel Carr, the present tenant. 

Whereas, many of the inhabitants of the town of New- 
port, with their families, are detained until others now on 
the main are permitted to go on the island of Rhode; 
Island, — 

It is voted and resolved, that General Sullivan be, and he 
is hereby, requested to effect an exchange and release of 
the families who are detained, as aforesaid ; and that he 
permit such of the families now on the main, with their 
household furniture and wearing apparel, to go on said 
island, as shall be necessary for that purpose. 

Whereas, Joseph James, lieutenant of the third company 
of militia, in West Greenwich, preferred a petition and rep- 
resented unto this Assembly, that he, with Ensign Randall 
Spencer, were ordered to join Capt. Benjamin Gorton's 
company, in the late intended expedition against Rhode 
Island. 

That they served their tour of duty, and Capt, Gorton 
made out an abstract for one month's pay, which was ob- 
jected to by General Cornell and the committee, by reason 
that there were more officers in said company than are al- 
lowed by law ; and that his name and Spencer's were erased 
out of said abstract, whereby they have lost the benefit of 
having any wages for their service ; and thereupon, the said 
Joseph James prayed this Assembly, to grant such a sum 



428 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [JUNE, 

of money as shall be equal to their wages ; and the prem- 
ises being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said petition be referred 
to General Cornell, Colonel Lippitt and Mr. Nathaniel Mum- 
ford ; and that they make report to this Assembly at the 
next session. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Northup, Edward Per- 
ry, Theodore Foster and Thomas Rumreil, Esqs., be, and 
they are hereby, appointed a committee to regulate the 
fees of the officers within this state. 

That they raise such penalties as are too low ; and that 
they make report to this Assembly at the present or next 
session. 

It is voted and resolved, that this Assembly approve of 
the sentence of a court martial, held on the 13th of June 
last, laying a fine of £40, lawful money, each, upon Philip 
Mowry and David Mowry ; and that the Honorable Major 
General Sullivan be, and he is hereby, requested to trans- 
mit an authentic copy of said sentence to the town clerk of 
the town of Smithfield, who is hereby empowered and re- 
quired on receipt thereof, immediately to issue a warrant of 
distress, directed to the town sergeant or either of the con- 
stables within said town, returnable within thirty days, com- 
manding them, or either of them, to distrain so much of the 
goods and chattels of the said David and Philip respective- 
ly, as shall be sufficient to satisfy and pay the said sums of 
£40, for each of them, together with all lawful costs. 

That so much thereof, as will be sufficient to hire persons 
in their room, for the tour of duty in which they have been 
deficient, be applied to that purpose, by the town council of 
said town of Smithfield, immediately. 

That the residue (if any) be lodged in the treasury of 
said town, as the property of said Philip and David Mowry, 
in order to be applied to the same purposes, so far as the 
same will extend, on future similar occasions, or that the 
same be restored to the said Philip and David Mowry, 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 429 

whenever they apply therefor ; provided, such application 
be made any time before the same be expended ; and that 
the officer levying the warrants, pay said fines to said town 
clerk, to be appropriated agreeably to said sentence. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the officer who 
shall receive the said warrant, shall proceed and execute the 
same in such manner as other warrants of distress are by 
law directed to be executed ; and that the secretary furnish 
Gen. Sullivan, and the town clerk of Smithheld, each with 
an attested copy of this resolve. 

It is voted and resolved, that it be, and hereby is, recom- 
mended to Gen. Sullivan, to order a trial of Bernard Miller, 
by a court martial ; and that he order the sentence of said 
court, being by him first approved, to be carried into exe- 
cution. 

It is voted and resolved, that the resolution of this As- 
sembly, passed at the last session, empowering Gen. Sulli- 
van to apprehend disaffected persons, and subjecting the mi- 
litia, alarm and independent companies, when lawfully called 
forth, to martial law, be, and the same is hereby, revised. 

That the same continue in force until the meeting of this 
Assembly at the next session, and no longer ; and that a 
copy of this resolve be transmitted to Gen. Sullivan, as soon 
as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that the non-commissioned offi- 
cers and privates of the militia and alarm companies of the 
town of Little Compton, who have done duty within said 
town since the 6th day of November last, be allowed as a 
bounty, after the rate of forty shillings per month ; and that 
they be paid, accordingly. 

Whereas, Capt. Thomas Allin laid before this Assembly a 
return of sundry articles of clothing, belonging to the sol- 
diers in his company ; and also of one gun and accoutre- 
ments, and one silver-mounted hanger belonging to himself, 
which were destroyed and taken by the British troops, who 
landed at Bristol ; which being duly considered, — 



430 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [JUNE, 

It is voted and resolved, that the consideration of said re- 
turn be referred to the council of war. 



An Act for carrying into execution a resolve of Congress, 
laying an embargo on the exportation of all kinds of pro- 
visions from this state. 

Whereas, the Honorable Continental Congress did, on the 
8th day of June last, pass a resolve, laying an embargo, pro- 
hibiting the exportation of wheat, flour, rye, Indian corn, 
rice, bread, beef, pork, bacon, live stock, and other provi- 
sions, from and after the 10th day of the same June, until 
the 15th day of November next, unless sooner revoked; 
provided, that said embargo shall not be construed to pre- 
vent the taking on board such provisions as shall be neces- 
sary, for the stores only of any ships or vessels of war, or 
others, trading to and from these states ; and did thereupon 
recommend to the respective states, to take the most effect- 
ual measures for carrying the said resolution into immediate 
execution ; in conformity whereto, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au* 
thority thereof it is enacted, that from and after the rising 
of this Assembly, the master of every ship or vessel, as well 
those bound on foreign voyages as coasters, shall, previous 
to their sailing, produce to either of the intendants of trade 
within this state, a true manifest, under oath, of all the pro- 
visions which he hath on board said vessel for the use 
of his crew ; specifying therein the different qualities and 
quantities of provisions which he hath on board such ship 
or vessel ; and thereupon, the said intendant shall give to 
the master of such ship or vessel a bill of stores, permitting 
him to carry the provisions therein specified ; provided, it 
shall appear to the said intendant, that the quantity therein 
contained, is not more than sufficient for the use of the crew 
of such ship or vessel. 

Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the 
commander of every armed vessel, applying at the secreta- 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 431 

ry's office for a commission, or letters of marque and reprisal, 
shall, previous to his receiving the same, render a true 
manifest, under oath, of all the provisions which he hath on 
board such ship or vessel, for the subsistence of the crew 
thereof, specifying therein the different quantities and qual- 
ities of provisions ; and thereupon, the said secretary shall 
deliver to the commander of such private ship or vessel of 
war, a bill of stores, permitting him to carry the provisions 
therein specified ; provided, it shall appear to him that the 
quantity therein contained, is not more than is sufficient for 
the crew of such ship or vessel of war. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the intendants of trade, within this state, or either of their 
deputies, be, and they are hereby, directed to search every 
vessel within their respective districts, as well private ves- 
sels of war as merchantman or coasters ; and if they shall 
find on board a greater quantity of provisions than is con- 
tained in said bill of stores, that it shall and may be lawful, 
and the said intendants or either of them, or either of their 
deputies, are hereby directed and fully empowered to seize 
the quantity more than is contained in said bill of stores, 
and to lodge an information against the same, before the 
judge of the maritime court within this state, who is hereby 
directed to proceed therein, agreeably to the act for the 
trial of prize causes within this state ; and on condemnation 
thereof, shall order and decree said goods to be sold at pub- 
lic vendue, and shall order the one-third part thereof, after 
deducting all charges of trial and condemnation, be deliv- 
ered to the informer or prosecutor, and the other two- 
thirds to be paid into the general treasury, to and for the 
use of this state. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
every master of a vessel, as well private vessels of war as 
merchantmen or coasters, who shall be detected in carrying- 
or having on board his ship or vessel any greater quantity 
of provisions than is in this act specified, shall forfeit and 
pay as a fine, to and for the use of this state, the sum of 



432 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [JUNE, 

£500, lawful money, to be recovered by bill, plaint, or in- 
formation, in any court of record within this state. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, 
that dried and pickled fish be added to the number of 
prohibited articles referred to in the afore-recited resolve of 
Congress. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
this act shall continue and be in force, until the 15th day of 
November next, unless sooner repealed by this Assembly ; 
and that a copy thereof, be inserted in the Providence Ga- 
zette three weeks successively, that all persons concerned, 
may have notice thereof 

Whereas, it hath been represented to this Assembly, that 
Mr. John Read, who hath lately come ofT from the island of 
Rhode Island, voluntarily joined the enemy on said island, 
put himself under the protection, and acknowledged himself 
a subject of His Britannic Majesty ; and hath thereby for- 
feited the protection of this and the United States ; where- 
fore — 

Resolved, that it be, and hereby is, earnestly recommend- 
ed to the Hon. Major General Sullivan, to order the said 
John Read to be apprehended and confined ; and that the 
General, as soon as conveniency will admit, send said John 
Read back to the enemy upon Rhode Island. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Nichols be appointed 
ensign of the First Company of Militia, in the town of Exe- 
ter, in the room of John Congdon, Jr., who declines. 

That Benj. Thomas, be captain; Win. Collins, lieutenant ; 
and Wm. Clarke, ensign, of the Second Company, in the said 
town ; and that Geo. Willcox, be captain; John Bates (son of 
Samuel), lieutenant; and Jonathan Lillibridge, ensign, of 
the Third Company, in the same town. 

This Assembly, at the last session, having ordered eight 
hundred and thirty-nine men to be raised by the 10th of 
June last, for filling up the state's brigade, ordered at the 
session in December last, and apportioned the same to the 
several towns ; some of which have not raised the quota 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 433 

assigned them, and requested a further time for that 
purpose, — 

It is therefore resolved, that such delinquent towns shall 
keep up in the field so many men from the militia, alarm 
and independent companies, in such town, as they are defi- 
cient in their quota, as aforesaid, until the same shall be 
completed. 

That the militia so doing duty, shall be entitled to the 
Continental wages and rations only. 

That such delinquent towns be empowered to raise the 
deficient numbers as aforesaid, on or before the 16th day of 
Jufyyinst. ; and that the men so enlisting, shall receive the 
wages, bounties and rations allowed by the said resolve. 

That the colonel or commanding officer of the respective 
regiments of militia in this state, be directed to make in- 
quiry from time to time, of the numbers of men raised by 
the several towns in their respective districts, as their quota 
as aforesaid, and to draught a sufficient number out of the 
militia, alarm and independent companies, to make good 
such deficiency, who shall do duty for fifteen days each. 

That the men which shall be so draughted, do duty in 
the companies, and under the command of officers, in the 
twelve months' brigade. 

That such towns as shall enlist their quotas by the said 
time, shall be excused the fines they may have incurred by 
their delinquency ; and that the town clerks of the delin- 
quent towns make a return of the numbers of men by them 
enlisted within the time limited, to the council of war, on 
the 17th day of July inst. 

And it is ordered, that a copy hereof, be immediately 
transmitted to the said town clerks. 

Whereas, Daniel Chace, of North Kingstown, in the coun- 
ty of Kings, yeoman, preferred a petition, and represented 
unto this Assembly, that he is a true and faithful subject of, 
and bears true faith and allegiance to, the United States of 
America in general, and to this state in particular. 

vol vm. 55 



434 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [JUNE, 

That he hath complied with all the rales and orders of 
the state, and hath at all times and upon all occasions done 
duty as a soldier. 

That he was an inhabitant of the island of Prudence, was 
driven from thence, and had most of his estate destroyed by 
the British forces. 

That his father, James Chace, is now, and for the space of 
thirty years, hath been an inhabitant of Middletown, on 
Rhode Island, but hath never joined the British forces in 
any measure or degree ; and that his said father was the 
owner of a certain farm in the town of Little Compton, up- 
on which his brother lately dwelt, until dispossessed by or- 
der of this Assembly, but for what reasons he knows not ; 
and thereupon, the said Daniel Chace prayed this Assembly 
to take the premises into consideration, and grant him the 
benefit of said farm, to and for his own use ; and the prem- 
ises being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that said petition be referred. 

That Peter Phillips, Pardon Gray, Nathaniel Searle and 
William Cooke, Esqs., be, and they are hereby, appointed a 
committee to inquire into the truth of the facts therein 
contained ; and that they make report thereof to this As- 
sembly, at the next session. 

It is voted and resolved, that the intendant for the port 
of Providence, be, and he is hereby, directed to clear out 
about four tons of bread for the privateer sloop Gen. Stark, 
owned by Nathan Miller and others of this state ; which 
vessel is now at New London, and bound on a cruise against 
the enemies of the United States. 

Whereas, Akraw Remington, a negro man slave, belong- 
ing to Mr. Benjamin Remington, hath enlisted into the Con- 
tinental service, agreeably to a resolution of this Assembly, 
and hath been appraised by the committee appointed for 
that purpose, and valued at £120, lawful money, — 

It is voted resolved, that the said Benjamin Remington 
be allowed the said sum of £120 ; and that he be paid the 



177S.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 435 

same out of the general treasury, upon his producing and 
delivering to the treasurer a certificate of said appraise- 
ment. 

Whereas, Beriah Brown, Esq., presented unto this Assem- 
bly, the following report, to wit : 

Report of the Sheriff of Kings count?/, relative to the estates of 
WUUam Robinson and Samuel Gardner, of South Kingstown. 

In obedience to the order of the General Assembly, I have inquired into the present 
situation of the estates of William Robinson and' Samuel Gardner, situate in South 
Kingstown, and do report: 

That it appears by a certificate from the town clerk of South Kingstown, that the 
estate of William Robinson is mortgaged to Sylvester Robinson, for four thousand and 
thirty Spanish silver milled dollars, payable the 13th day of March, A. D. 1773. The 
said Sylvester, who is in possession of the premises, informs me, that the said William 
owed him a sum of money which was not contained in the mortgage. 

It also appears by a certificate from said town clerk, that the estate of Samuel Gard- 
ner is mortgaged to Thomas Brown, for one hundred and sixty-seven Spanish silver 
milled dollars, payable the 25th day of March, A. D. 1772. Abijah Babcock, the 
present tenant, informed me that he is to give said Gardner for said estate, §150, five 
hundred weight of pork, and the cutting some brush, per year; and that he now owes 
said Gardner two years' rent. 

Which is submitted by Tour Honors' most humble servant, 

July 2, 1778. BERIAH BROWN, Sheriff. 



And the said report being duly considered. — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
accepted. 

That the consideration thereof, be referred to the next 
session of this Assembly. 

That the said Abijah Babcock, who is the tenant in pos- 
session of said estate, belonging to the said Samuel Gard- 
ner, retain in his hands the back and future rents of said 
estate, until the further orders of this Assembly ; and that 
a copy hereof be forthwith transmitted to the said Abijah 
Babcock. 

Whereas, by a resolution of this Assembly, passed at 
May session, 1778, John Cook, Esq., was required to appear 
before this Assembly, to render an account of his conduct 
in purchasing a quantity of clothing for the use of this 



436 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [MAY, 

state, which hath been adjudged unfit for service ; and the 
said John Cook having appeared, agreeably to said resolu- 
tion, and this Assembly have examined into the matter, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the conduct of the said John 
Cook be approved of, so far as respects the purchasing of 
the cloth. 

But as the said clothing, or part, thereof, are badly made, 
and too small for the use for which they were intended, that 
the making of such of the clothing as are badly made, be 
deducted from his accounts. 

That if any of said clothing shall, upon examination, be 
found too small for any person in the service, that they be 
returned to the said John Cook, and be also deducted from 
his account. 

And that Stephen Potter, Esq., and Messrs. James Lovett 
and Paul Allen, be, and they are hereby appointed a com- 
mittee to examine said clothing ; and that they make re- 
port thereof, to the council of war. 

Whereas, there is a large quantity of clothing now in the 
possession of the agent-clothier in this state, which was de- 
livered in by the committees of safety, and it was necessa- 
ry to alter the same, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that John Rejmolds, 
Esq., the agent-clothier, have the same altered in the best 
manner he can, and deliver them out to the troops now do- 
ing duty in this state. 

That the committee appointed to examine the clothing 
returned into said store by John Cook, Esq. ; also examine 
the clothing above referred to. 

That such of the said clothing as may be adjudged by 
them unfit for he use of the said troops, be not altered or 
delivered out ; and that the said committee make report 
thereof, to this Assembly, or in the recess thereof, to the 
council of war. 

Whereas, Gideon Comstock and Christopher Lippitt, Esqs., 
two of the committee who were appointed to examine what 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 437 

allowance should be made to the troop of horse for their 
service, presented unto this Assembly the following report 
and account, to wit : 

Report of the Committee upon the Allowance to be made to the 
Troop of Horse. 

Agreeably to appointment, have taken the petition of the officers of the troop of horse 
into consideration, and report our opinion as follows : 

That the commissioned officers ought to be allowed the same wages from time to 
time, as are allowed to the alarm and militia officers of equal commissions, doing 
duty at the same time, and the same number of rations as are allowed the several mi- 
litia officers with whom they respectively rank. 

And your committee are of opinion, that the same bounties, wages and rations, 
ought to be allowed the non-commissioned officers and privates, as are allowed the 
non-commissioned officers and privates of the alarm list and militia. 

That they be allowed for the service of their horses, the same per day as the pri- 
vates ; and as to rations for their horses going express, that they be allowed the same 
as are allowed in the Continental army. 

Submitted by your humble servants, GIDEON COMSTOCK, 

CHRISTOPHER LIPPITT, 

Committee. 



It is voted and resolved, that the sheriff for the county of 
Kent forthwith take possession of all the personal estate, 
wherever it may be found, of Francis Corey, who hath 
joined the enemy on the island of Rhode Island. 

It is further voted and resolved, that the said sheriff im- 
mediately lease the real estate of Joseph Hunt, Jr., who 
hath also joined the enemy (excepting the house belonging 
to the, father of the* said Joseph Hunt, Jr., and one acre of 
land), in the same manner and upon the same conditions as 
the real estates in the possession of the state have been 
heretofore leased ; and that he make report to this Assem- 
bly, or in the recess thereof, to the council of war. 

Whereas, John Cook, Esq., colonel, and Pardon Gray, 
Esq., lieutenant colonel, of the second regiment of militia for 
the county of Newport, represented unto this Assembly, 
that the second company of militia in Tiverton, is become 
too numerous for one company, and therefore prayed that 
the said second company be divided into two distinct and 
separate companies, in the following manner, to wit : 



438 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [JUNE, 

That all the men north of Quackett Brook, to Samuel 
Borden's house on the country road ; and from thence, to 
John Cook's saw mill, south, and to the westward of Staf- 
ford's Ponds ; and thence, up the road that leads to Bedford, 
until it meets Dartmouth line ; and thence, north, into 
Cranberry Neck, may compose the second company. 

That all the men from Samuel Borden's house, to the 
north, as far as Fall River line ; thence, east, up to Wal- 
tuppy Pond, and over the said pond, taking in all that part 
called Waltuppy ; and also, all the men in the road, called 
Stafford's Road, may compose the third company. 

That officers may be appointed for the said two compa- 
nies ; and that they be commissioned accordingly ; on con- 
sideration whereof, — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority hereof, it is enacted, that the prayer of the aforego- 
ing petition be, and the same is hereby, granted ; and that 
the said second company in Little Compton, be, and the 
same is hereby, divided into two distinct companies, in man- 
ner, and according to the lines above described. 

It is voted and resolved, that a tax of £32,000, lawful 
money, be levied on the inhabitants of this state, to be 
collected and paid into the general treasury by the 1st day 
of October next, including a tax of £7,500, lawful money, 
being the one-fourth part of the tax recommended by a res- 
olution of Congress of the 22d of November last, to.be as- 
sessed upon the inhabitants of this state, in the course of the 
year 1778. 

That it be apportioned by the apportionment, and in the 
manner whereby the last tax was apportioned ; excepting 
that one-eighth part of the apportioned value of the town 
of Bristol be deducted from the said apportionment, 

That the poll-tax be sixpence for every £1,000. 

That Mr. Nathaniel Mumford apportion said tax, and 
draft an act accordingly ; and that he report the same to 
the council of war, as soon as may be ; which being accept- 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 439 

ed by the council, shall pass as an act of this Assembly, and 
copies thereof, be sent to the several town clerks. 

The following is the act reported to the council of 
war, agreeably to the foregoing resolve, and approved by 
them : 

An Act assessing and apportioning a rate or tax of £32,000, 

lawful money, upon the inhabitants of this state. 

[Here follows the act.] 

It is voted and resolved, that the militia, alarm and inde- 
pendent companies, including the militia guards now on 
duty, be forthwith discharged, exceping such of the militia, 
independent and alarm companies, as are ordered by a reso- 
lution of this Assembly to be drafted to make up the quo- 
tas of troops heretofore assigned to the several towns to be 
raised to do duty in the twelve months' brigade. 

That one-quarter part of the alarm and militia companies 
of Little Compton be continued on duty, till further orders 
from the Assembly or the council of war ; and that Major 
General Sullivan be furnished with an authenticated copy 
hereof. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Colwell, Esq., be, and 
he is hereby, appointed lieutenant colonel, and Joseph 
Knight, Esq., major, of the third regiment of militia in the 
county of Providence. 

That Ebenezer Slocum be appointed captain, Benjamin 
Borden, lieutenant, and Jacob Sowle, ensign, of the second 
company of militia, in Tiverton ; and that Benjamin Durfey, 
Jr., be appointed captain, Richard Durfey, lieutenant, and 
Shearman, ensign, of the third company of mi- 
litia, in the said town. 

It is further voted and resolved, that Samuel Montgome- 
ry be appointed surgeon, and Stephen Munro, surgeon's 
mate, to Col. Crary's battalion. 

That Stephen Wigneron be appointed surgeon to Col. 
Topham's regiment ; and that the said Doctor Montgomery 



440 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [JUNE, 

be entitled to pay and rations from the 11th of June last, 
and the said Doctor Munro from the 28th of June last, be- 
ing the times they respectively joined the said regiments. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Reynolds, Esq., forth- 
with proceed in supplying the officers of the twelve months' 
brigade, agreeably to a resolution passed at the last session 
of this Assembly ; the resolve of the council of war to the 
contrary hereof, notwithstanding. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Reynolds, Esq., deliver 
the clothing ordered to be furnished the officers of the 
twelve months' brigade, at the rate of four shillings, lawful 
money, for what cost one shilling, sterling. 

Whereas, at a superior court of judicature, &c, held at 
South Kingstown, in April last, a real estate, mortgaged by 
one George Gardner, Jr., to Nicholas Easton, Esq., deceased, 
and given by the said Nicholas in and by his last will and 
testament to Nicholas Easton, now at Newport, was re- 
deemed by George Tefft, to whom the equity of redemp- 
tion had been conveyed. 

And whereas, the redemption money was ordered by the 
said court to be paid to Daniel Rodman, the then clerk of 
the said court, which was done accordingly, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the said Daniel 
Rodman pay the said money into the general treasury ; and 
that the same be paid to the said Nicholas Easton, whenever 
he, or any person in his behalf, shall appear to demand the 
same, with interest from the time of its being received into 
the treasury. 

Whereas, large sums of money have been received out of 
the treasury, for purchasing arms for the use of this state, 
great part of which remains unaccounted for ; and whereas, 
salt, flour and iron, have been distributed to the several 
towns, for which a considerable sum of money is now due 
to the state, — 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Nathaniel Mumford in- 
quire into the sums of money received by any person with- 
in this state for the purpose aforesaid, and which have not 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 441 

been accounted for ; and also the balances which are due 
for the salt, flour and iron, distributed as aforesaid. 

That he make report thereof, to the council of war ; and 
that thereupon, the attorney general commence actions 
against the persons who have any balances in their hands 
due to the state, and shall not immediately pay the same, 
to special courts who are empowered to hear and determine 
the same. 

It is voted and resolved, that Edward Weeden be lieuten- 
ant of the first company of militia, and Amos Jones lieuten- 
ant of the second company of militia, in the town of East 
Greenwich. 

It is voted and resolved, that each field officer in the 
state's brigade, receive out of the agent-clothier's store, 
agreeably to a resolution of this Assembly, the following 
quantities of clothing, to wit : 

Fourteen yards of shirting, one coat, one waistcoat, one 
pair of breeches, two pair of thread and one pair of worsted 
stockings, one pair of shoes, one hat, three-quarters of a 
yard of cambric, one yard and one-eighth of Holland for 
stocks, and two pocket handkerchiefs, with buttons, silk, 
thread and lining. 

That each captain, surgeon and adjutant, shall receive ten 
yards ancl-a-half of linen, one coat, one waistcoat, one pair of 
breeches, two pair of thread and one pair of worsted stock- 
ings, one pair of shoes, one hat, half a yard of cambric, one 
yard and one-eighth of Holland for stocks, and two pocket 
handkerchiefs, with buttons, silk, thread and linings. 

And that the other staff officers and subalterns shall re- 
ceive ten yards ancl-a-half of linen, one coat, one waistcoat, 
one pair of breeches, two pair of thread and one pair of 
worsted stockings, one pair of shoes, one hat, half a yard of 
cambric, one yard and one-eighth of Holland for stocks and 
two pocket handkerchiefs, with buttons, silk, thread and 
linings. 

It is voted and resolved, that the attorne}^ general suffer 
a non-suit in the action commenced by Martin Seamans, 



442 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [JUNE, 

against the town treasurer of the town of Providence and 
others, upon a thirty per cent, bond, to Providence inferior 
court, June term, A. D. 1778. 

It is voted and resolved, that permission be, and hereby 
is, granted to Capt. Gideon Freeborn, an inhabitant of this 
state, to proceed to the island of St. John's, in a boat or 
small vessel in ballast, in order to bring from the said island 
his effects that are there ; and that the said effects be ex- 
empted from confiscation. 

Voted and resolved, that the following accounts be paid 
out of the general treasury, viz. : 

Bills Ordered to be Paid. 

£ s. d. 

James Congdon, 3d, for paying off the bounty abstracts of the regiment of 
milita under the command of Col. Noyes, authorized to draw out of the 
general treasury 440 00 00 

John Northup, as one of the committee of safety, for paying the wages and 
bounties of the regiment of militia under the command of Col. Dyer, 
authorized to draw out of the general treasury 1,200 00 00 

James Congdon, 3d, for discharging the pay abstracts of Joshua Pendle- 
ton and Samuel Thompson's companies, authorized to draw out of 
the general treasury 35 00 00 

Thomas Tillinghast, for paying bounties to soldiers enlisted in East Green- 
wich 33 18 00 

Stephen Mumford, for paying abstracts, authorized to draw out of the gen- 
eral treasury 300 00 00 

Executors of Ezekiel Burr, for sundry bills against the state 9 03 7£ 

Executors of Ezekiel Burr, for the said Burr's time and expenses for two 

expresses to General Washington 5 08 00 

Gideon Comstock and Christopher Lippitt, for their services as committee, 

in examining allowances to the troop of horse, &c 2 14 00 

William Wilbur, for billeting a number of soldiers stationed on Rhode Is- 
land ; for carting cannon balls to Bristol Ferry ; for transporting soldiers 
to Conanicut ; for carting baggage, &c. &c G 15 07 

William Wilbur, for boarding a number of workmen, going express to Gen. 

Washington, &c 3G 10 10 

William Channing, for his expenses in attending on the General Assembly 

at the last session, as clerk 4 17 00 

Thomas Spencer, for his attendance on the General Assembly, at the pres- 
ent session, &c 3 12 00 

Abraham Greene, for his attendance on the General Assembly at the pres- 
ent session 2 14 00 

God save the United States of America. 



1778.] 



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 443 



Governor Trumbull of Connecticut to the Governor of Rhode 
Island. 



Hartford, June 5th, 1778. 

Sir : — Your letter of the 26th ult, has been duly received, as also Major General 
Sullivan's, and laid before the General Assembly, in their present sessions ; and on 
their serious and mature consideration, I am to inform Your Excellency, that the As- 
sembly, although they are sensible of your need of further aid, and feel for your dis- 
tresses, yet apprehend it is not in their power, consistent with our own immediate 
safety, and many other attentions to, and engagements in, the common cause, to afford 
you, at present the assistance they would cheerfully do, would our circumstances and 
ability permit. 

On the importunate request of General Washington and Major General Gates, we 
have ordered six battalions, raised by an act of the last Assembly, for our own defence, 
and with a view to yours, to join the latter at or near the North River; and three 
troops of light horse ; and as a further aid, and for our own safety, have found it ne- 
cessary in the present sessions to order two more battalions to be raised by a peremp- 
tory detachment. 

These additional levies will greatly distress the husbandry, and with the large 
proportion we have furnished to the army, and various other Continental services, to- 
gether with a great number in the privateering business, we have exceedingly drained 
this state of inhabitants fit for military duty ; while those that remain, are extremely 
fatigued with the variety of services to which they have been called. 

We have also reas,on to believe it much more probable the enemy will bend their 
way towards Hudson's River, or more immediately on this state, than any where fur- 
ther eastward ; in either case, our utmost exertions will be wanted this way. 

The contiguous and comparatively safe situation of Massachusetts Bay, and New 
Hampshire, renders it, we apprehend, more proper and reasonable they should afford 
you the necessary aid. 

We have stipulated with Massacusetts for two hundred of the quota we were to fur- 
nish your state, in lieu of so many we supply for them to Major General Gates; and 
we trust those two states, whose circumstances so much better admit of it, will not 
leave you destitute of competent support. 

The stipulation in this behalf, at Springfield, the last year, was then as near as pos- 
sible performed on our part ; but future events could not have been foreseen, and from 
the nature of the thing, it could not be understood to be perpetually binding ; but with 
or without the obligation of any previous contract, we shall be equally willing to afford 
any of our sister states, on all occasions, every assistance in our power. 
I am, sir, with the greatest respect, 

Your Excellency's most obedient and most humble servant, 

JON'TH. TRUMBULL. 

To Gov. Greene. 



444 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [SEPT., 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at East Greenwich, on 
Wednesday, the 2d day of September, 1778. 

His Excellency William Greene, Governor. 
The Hon. Jabez Bowen, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, by reason of the late expedition against the 
enemy on Rhode Island, the freemen of the several towns 
within this state were prevented from attending town 
meetings, for the choice of deputies to sit in the General 
Assembly to be convened on the last Monday in October 
next, at the times fixed by law, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and 
by the authority thereof it is enacted, that town meet- 
ings be held on the last Tuesday of September inst., in the 
several towns within this state (not in the possession of the 
enemy), at the place at which they were to be held for the 
choice of deputies to represent said towns in the General 
Assembly, on the last Monday in October next; and that such 
other officers be chosen, and business transacted, as would or 
might have been, had the meetings been held at the time 
fixed by laAV ; and that the choice of deputies, to represent 
any of said towns, at said October session, be, and the same 
is hereby, declared null and void. 

Ordered, that a copy hereof, be transmitted to the several 
town clerks within this state ; and they are hereby directed 
to issue their warrants for calling town meetings, agreeably 
to this act. 

Whereas, by means of the late expedition against Rhode 
Island, several towns within this state, have not received 
from the general treasurer their proportion of the loan office 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 445 

certificates, for the state's money, which was by this General 
Assembly allotted, within the time stipulated ; wherefore — 

Resolved, that one month from the rising of this Assem- 
bly, be further given unto the several towns, which have 
not received their proportion of the said loan office certifi- 
cates, to. exchange their state's money for the same. 

That in the mean time the general treasurer do not de- 
liver out any of said loan office certificates to private 
persons. 

That after the expiration of the term aforesaid, the said 
general treasurer exchange the said loan office certificates 
for this state's monej^ with any person who shall make ap- 
plication for the same ; he reckoning the interest from the 
date of the said certificates to the time he shall deliver out 
the same, and receive the interest so arising, to and for the 
use and benefit of this state ; and that a copy of this resolve 
be published in the next Providence Gazette, that all per- 
sons concerned, may have notice thereof. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Nathaniel Mumford col- 
lect the accounts for repairing and fitting out the sloop Dia- 
mond, and of flax seed purchased for the cargo of the said 
sloop ; and that he lay the same before this Assembly as 
soon as may be. 

Mr. Robert Potter having represented to this Assembly, 
that Mr. Rowse Potter was lately taken from North Kings- 
town, and is now a prisoner with the enemy, at Newport, 
and that he is desirous of obtaining his exchange, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that Maj. General Sul- 
livan be requested to grant a flag to the said Robert Potter, 
for the purpose aforesaid ; and that he permit such articles 
of clothing and provisions as may be necessary for the use 
of the said Rowse Potter, to be carried in said flag;. 

Whereas, certain of the inhabitants of the towns of John- 
ston and Charlestown, who have enlisted into the twelve 
months' brigade, have received money of their respective 
towns in lieu of clothing, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the council of war issue or- 



446 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [SEPT., 

ders on the colonels of the regiments to which they respec- 
tively belong, for the clothing due to such soldiers, in favor 
of the said towns. 

Provided, the said towns shall produce to the said council 
the names of the men, and their receipts for the money, 
and shall engage to supply them with clothing while in 
service. 

And provided also, that the said clothing hath not been 
already received by the said soldiers. 

It is voted and resolved, that the freemen of the towns of 
Newport, Portsmouth, Middletown and Jamestown, to the 
number of seven, at least, from each town, respectively, be, 
and they are hereby, authorized and empowered to meet at 
the places hereafter mentioned, viz. : 

Those of the town of Newport, at the state house, in 
Providence. 

Those of Portsmouth and Middletown, at the house of 
William Durfey, in Tiverton. 

And those of Jamestown, at the house of Mathew Allin, 
in North Kingstown, on the last Tuesday of September 
inst, for the choice of deputies, to represent the said towns 
in the General Assembly, on the last Monday of October 
next. 

Ordered, that a copy hereof, be published in the next 
Providence Gazette. 

It is voted and resolved, that the commission of Christo- 
pher Robinson, as captain-lieutenant in the regiment of ar- 
tillery, which he prays leave to resign, be accepted ; and that 
he be dismissed from the same. 

It is voted and resolved, that the Hon. William Bradford, 
Esq., and Mr. John Jenckes be, and they are hereby, ap- 
pointed to take into their care and custody the ship Aurora, 
with her appurtenances ; the sloop Diamond, her cargo and 
appurtenances, and any articles purchased for the voyage 
intended to have been performed in the said sloop, and the 
oil in the possession of Mr. Christopher Sheldon belonging 
to the state ; and that they sell the same at public vendue, 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 447 

in such manner as they shall think will be most for the 
benefit of the state, after having advertised the same three 
weeks successively in the Providence Gazette. 

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. James Lovett and 
Nathaniel Mumford be a committee, to wait on Major Gen. 
Sullivan, and request he will give an order in favor of the 
state, for provisions or money equivalent, in satisfaction of 
the provisions furnished by the militia, alarm and independ- 
ent companies, who were called forth upon alarm ; and in 
the late expedition against the enemy on Rhode Island. 

Whereas, it hath been represented unto this Assembly, 
by Peter Phillips, Esq., that some of the inhabitants of North 
Kingstown, who are supposed to be inimical to the liberties 
of the United States in general, and of this state in particu- 
lar, have, since the arrival of the French fleet upon our 
coast, availed themselves of an act of the General Assembly, 
passed at the session held in May last, permitting all per- 
sons, who had not before that time subscribed the test, or 
declaration heretofore prescribed by an act of this state, to 
subscribe the same within the time therein limited, before 
the town councils of the towns in which they may reside ; 
and whereas, sundry persons in the said town, have, in 
consequence thereof, signed the said act before the said 
town councils, contrary to the true intent and meaning 
thereof, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the subscriptions 
of all persons within the said town of North Kingstown, 
who have subscribed the test, before the town council of 
North Kingstown, since the session of this Assembly, last 
held in East Greenwich, be declared null and void to all in- 
tents and purposes whatever, as though they had not sub- 
scribed the same. 

Provided nevertheless, and it is hereby declared to be the 
intent and meaning of this Assembly, that any and every 
person who shall appear before the town council of the said 
town of North Kingstown, and shall, in the judgment of 
the said town council, or the major part of them, be persons 



448 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [SEPT., 

who were, or ought to be, admitted to the privilege, aforesaid, 
of signing the said test, not being inimical, as aforesaid, be 
permitted to subscribe the same, at any time on or before 
the 10 tli day of October next, and shall thereby be entitled 
to all the privileges and immunities of free and liege sub- 
jects of this state ; and the secretary is ordered to transmit 
a copy of this resolve to the town clerk of North Kings- 
town. 

On application to this Assembly, by His Honor the Depu- 
ty Governor, representing, that sometime in the month of 
May last, Capt. James Munro, in the private ship of Avar, 
the Blaze Castle, was taken by one of the King of Great 
Britain's ships of war. 

That he, with about fifty of his officers and men, have 
been detained ever since, in Halifax jail; and that on appli- 
cation by a number of the friends of the prisoners to the 
Honorable Major General Sullivan, he has granted them 
liberty to take a sufficient number of prisoners from on 
board the prison-ship at Providence, to redeem Capt. Munro 
and his people, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that His Excellency 
the Governor, or His Honor the Deputy Governor, be em- 
powered and requested to grant the necessary papers, in 
conjunction with the Honorable Major General Sullivan, for 
commissionating some proper person in a suitable vessel, to 
proceed to Halifax, with the prisoners, as aforesaid, to re- 
deem Capt. Munro, and his people, with such others as shall 
be released from Halifax jail ; and that this state will be at 
the expense of one-half of the provisions, and the whole of 
the wages of the captain and seamen, for carrying this re- 
solve into execution. 

Whereas, there are many of the non-commissioned officers 
and men, in the state's service, to whom clothing is due? 
that are already sufficiently furnished therewith, and are 
desirous of receiving the money in lieu thereof, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the agent-clothier 
in this state, be empowered to pay any or all the officers or 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 449 

privates that choose to receive the cash in lieu of their 
clothes, at the same rate that he paid them off the last 
year. 

Provided, that the colonels, or commanding officers of the 
regiments, shall judge that the said persons have clothes 
sufficient to do duty in, during the time they have enlisted 
for. 

Whereas, a large quantity of stockings are wanted for the 
use of the troops in the service of this and the other United 
States, — 

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that John Reynolds, 
Esq., agent-clothier in this state, be empowered to receive 
what sheep's wool he may want, belonging to this state, now 
in the hands of Enoch Haszard and Rowse J. Helme, Esqs. ; 
and that he get the same manufactured or exchanged for 
good yarn stockings, as soon as may be. 

It is voted and resolved, that the council of war convene 
for the despatch of public business, once in each month; and 
that they continue in being for four days, and not longer, 
unless upon the most urgent occasions. 

Whereas, Richard Fry, Esq., sheriff of the county of Kent, 
laid before this Assembly the following report, viz. : 

Report of the Sheriff of Kent county, relative to certain Confiscated 
Property. 

Kent, ss. July, 1778. 
In obedience to an act of the Honorable the General As- 
sembly, I have taken into possession all the estate of Francis 
Corey, that hath come to my knowledge, viz. : 

One bed and furniture, one table-cloth, four towels, four 
gowns, one cloak and bonnet, one round chair, one small 
table, one pair shovel and tongs, one pair hand-irons, one 
regimental coat, one gun and equipage. 

RICHARD FRY, Sheriff 



450 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [SEPT., 

And the said report being duly considered, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
accepted ; and the said Richard Fry is directed to dispose 
of the above enumerated articles at public vendue ; and 
that he pay the money arising from the sale thereof, into 
the general treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that the expenses which have 
accrued or may accrue, for warning in the militia, alarm 
and independent companies, within this state, and examin- 
ing their equipments, be paid by the towns to which such 
militia, alarm and independent companies belong. 

Whereas, John Reynolds, Esq., agent-clothier in this state, 
hath represented unto this Assembly, that a large quantity 
of yarn stockings will be wanted for the use of the army the 
ensuing winter, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that three thousand 
pair of men's good yarn stockings be furnished by the seve- 
ral towns in this state, for the use of the soldiers, agreeably 
to the following proportion, viz. : 

Proportion of Yam Stockings to be furnished by the several Toums, 
for the use of the Soldiers. 





Pair. 




Pair. 


Providence 


408 


Bristol, - 


84 


Warwick 


180 


Tiverton, 


■ 132 


Westerly 


108 


Little Compton, 


120 


North Kingstown, - 


168 


Warren, 


36 


South Kingstown, 


324 


Cumberland, 


84 


East Greenwich, 


96 


Richmond, - 


72 


Smithfield, 


192 


Cranston, 


132 


Scituate, 


144 


Hopkinton, - 


96 


Glocester, 


120 


Johnston, 


60 


Charlestown, 


84 


North Providence, 


60 


West Greenwich, 


42 


Barrington, 


48 


Coventry, - 


84 







Exeter, 


96 




3,000 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 451 

And it is further voted and resolved, that the several col- 
lectors of taxes within the several towns be, and they are 
hereby, authorized, empowered and directed to procure the 
aforesaid stockings, by the best ways and means they can 
devise, either by purchasing or distraining the same. 

That the said collectors be empowered to receive the said 
stockings, on account of the taxes, which they are, or may 
be, empowered to collect. 

That they do not give a greater or higher price than $4 
for the best of yarn stockings, and other in proportion. 

That the whole of said stockings be collected by the 1st 
day of December next ; and that as fast as they are collect- 
ed, they be delivered to John Reynolds, Esq., agent-clothier 
in this state. 

That the collectors be allowed five per cent, commissions 
for procuring the same. 

That the accounts for collecting the same, be laid before 
the council of war, or this Assembly, for adjustment ; and 
that the money for the stockings, aforesaid, be paid out of 
the general treasury. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that if any of the 
towns, aforesaid, shall neglect or refuse to assess their quota 
and proportion of said stockings, as is before proportioned, 
within the time aforesaid, and deliver them as aforesaid, they 
shall forfeit and pay into the general treasury of this state, 
$8, for each and every pair of stockings for which they are 
delinquent, to be recovered by the general treasurer to and 
for the use of this state, by bill, plaint or information, in any 
court of record proper to try the same. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that copies hereof, 
be immediately sent to the several town clerks within the 
towns aforesaid, to be delivered to the said collectors. 

Whereas, the General Assembly, at their session holden 
in May last, did empower and direct Beriah Brown, Esq., 
high sheriff of the county of Kings, to collect the moneys 
due from the persons who were purchasers of the effects of 
the ships Syren and Sisters, and schooner Two Mates ; and 



452 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [SEPT., 

whereas, Col. Ray Sands is possessed of a certain agreement 
or obligation, made by Messrs. Broome and Babcock, upon 
their purchase of a considerable quantity of the effects be- 
longing to the said vessels ; and whereas, the said Messrs. 
Broome and Babcock are willing to pay the same unto 
Peter Phillips, Esq., one of the agents for the captors, pro- 
vided they could do the same without being guilty of a 
breach of the aforesaid act, empowering the said Beriah 
Brown to collect the moneys aforesaid ; wherefore, — 

Resolved, that the said Peter Phillips, Esq., and Col. Ray 
Sands, or either of them, be, and they are hereby empow- 
ered to receive the moneys aforesaid, from the said Messrs. 
Broome and Babcock, to and for the use of the captors, and 
to give a discharge therefor. 

Provided nevertheless, if the said Broome and Babcock 
shall refuse or neglect to pay the same unto the said Peter 
Phillips or Ray Sands, or either of them, that this resolve 
shall not be construed to be a bar, let or hindrance, from the 
said sheriff's collecting the money from them in the way 
pointed out, in and by the act aforesaid. 

An Act obliging persons delinquent in military duty, in the 
late expedition against the enemy upon Rhode Island, to 
pay a fine, or perform a tour of duty in lieu thereof; and 
for punishing persons who left the service in said expedi- 
tion, without a proper discharge. 

Whereas, sundry persons in the several towns of this 
state, who were drafted, and required, pursuant to the reso- 
lutions of the council of war, of the 29th July, and 17th of 
August last, to perform military duty in the late expedition 
against the enemy upon Rhode Island, were so destitute of 
public spirit, and regardless of the laws, honor and welfare 
of their country, as to neglect or refuse to serve in said ex- 
pedition, in their own proper persons or by hiring others in 
their places, at a time when there was a fair prospect, in 
conjunction with the fleet of His Most Christian Majesty, of 
expelling the enemy from this state ; and some persons, af- 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 453 

ter having joined the corps to which they respectively be- 
longed in said expedition, were guilty of leaving the service, 
without a proper discharge ; and whereas, for supporting 
just and equal government, it is necessary that every indi- 
vidual, liable to perform military duty, when required there- 
to, should be impartially obliged to perform his equal pro- 
portion thereof, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that the colonels or 
commanding officers of the several regiments of militia, 
alarm and independent companies in this state, who were 
required to serve in said expedition, be, and they are here- 
by, directed and commanded to make a true and exact list 
or return, and transmit the same to the council of war ; and 
also to the Honorable Major General Sullivan, or the com- 
mander-in-chief of the American troops within this state, on 
or before the 1st clay of October next, of the names and 
places of abode of all persons in their respective regiments, 
who were delinquent in performing military duty in said 
expedition, and were not legally excused, or discharged 
therefrom ; and also of all such as left the service without a 
proper discharge. 

That thereupon, all such delinquent persons, and those 
avIio left the service as aforesaid, so returned, shall be liable 
to serve a tour of military duty, without any allowance of 
bounty or wages from this state, for two months, in one of 
the state's battalions, in lieu of the time they ought to have 
served in said expedition, unless such delinquent person 
shall pay as a fine to and for the use of this state, into the 
hands of the colonel or commanding officers of their respec- 
tive regiments, or independent companies to which they re- 
spectively belong, on or before the 25th day of September 
inst,, the sum of £45, lawful money ; which fines, the said 
colonel or commanding officers are hereby required to pay 
into the general treasury, and make return as aforesaid, of 
those who shall pay the fine. 

Provided nevertheless, that any such delinquent persons 



454 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [SePT. ? 

may have the liberty of hiring other suitable persons to 
serve in their room, during the said term of two months. 

And it is further voted and resolved, that it be, and it is 
hereby, earnestly recommended to the Honorable Major 
General Sullivan, or commander-in-chief, as aforesaid, to 
take effectual measures for bringing into the field, and hold- 
ing in service, any such delinquent persons for the term of 
-two months, to commence from the time they shall arrive 
at the place of rendezvous, who shall not pay said fine, as 
aforesaid, or procure a suitable person to serve in their 
stead, during the said term ; and that each colonel and com- 
manding officer, as aforesaid, be furnished as soon as may 
flbe, with a copy hereof. 

It is voted and resolved, that John Reynolds, Esq., as 
agent-clothier, be, and he is hereby, empowered to draw 
£10,000, lawful money, in Continental money, or loan-office 
certificates, out of the general treasury. 

It is voted and resolved, that each of the justices of the su- 
perior court be paid, until further orders from this Assembly r 
■out of the general treasury, for their services and expenses, in 
attending the courts in the several counties, the sum of 
thirty-six shillings, lawful money, per day, for every day 
such justices shall be employed in attending the said courts,, 
in addition to the fees allowed by law ; and that the said 
justices be empowered to draw that sum out of the general 
treasury, upon producing a certificate from the clerks of the 
several courts, of the number of days of their attendance, as 
aforesaid. 

It is voted and resolved, that the general treasurer be 7 
and he is hereby, empowered and directed to exchange the 
Continental loan office certificates in his office for Conti- 
nental money. 

Whereas, it hath happened, that when the town councils 
of several towns in this state, have hired persons to do mili- 
tary duty, in the room of persons who have been draughted, 
pursuant to acts of this Assembly, heretofore made, that 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 455 

such persons, in whose room others heave been hired, as 
aforesaid, have frequently concealed their personal estates, 
so that warrants of distress, issued as the law directs, cannot 
be levied ; and as such persons are frequently possessed of 
real estates, — 

It is therefore voted and resolved, that said town councils 
be, and they are hereby, empowered to take possession of 
the real estates of such persons, against whom warrants are,, 
or shall be issued, and lease the same, or cut off as much 
wood from the same and dispose thereof, as will be sufficient 
to satisfy the money expended by the town councils in hir- 
ing persons to do duty in their room, unless the persons 
who have been draughted, and neglected to do duty, shall 
upon notice thereof, otherwise discharge the same ; and that 
the presidents of the several town councils be furnished as 
soon as may be, with copies hereof. 

Whereas, this Assembly, at their session held at Provi- 
dence, in May last, passed an act empowering Beriah 
Brown, of North Kingstown, in the county of Kings, Esq., 
to collect the moneys due from the several persons who 
purchased any of the effects belonging to the prize-ship Syren, 
ship Sisters, and schooner Two Mates, lately captured near 
Point Judith, in this state ; and whereas, there are several 
persons who have had knowledge of sundry private sales 
being made of some of the effects belonging to said 
prize-ships, &c, and have got minutes and accounts thereof, 
who refuse to deliver the same to the said Beriah Brown, 
to enable him to collect and settle the same with such pur- 
chasers, — 

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and 
by the authority thereof it is enacted, that the said Beriah 
Brown be, and he is hereby, further empowered to ask, de- 
mand and receive of and from every person or persons, all 
such minutes and accounts of sales that he or they have 
had, or have been entrusted with, or have any knowledge 
of; and also to ask for, demand and receive of and from any 
person or persons, all obligations, securities and agreements, 



456 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [SEPT., 

entered into, made, given, or passed between the purchasers 
of any of said effects, belonging to said prizes, and any of the 
captors thereof (excepting the contract of Messrs. Broome 
and Babcock, in the hands of Col. Sands), and cause all such 
persons that have any such obligations, securities or agree- 
ments, or that have any minutes or accounts of any sales 
made of the effects belonging to the said prizes, to any per- 
son or persons whomsoever, to render unto him a true and 
just account thereof; and of what knowledge he or they 
have respecting the same, under oath, to be administered 
unto him or them for that purpose by the said Beriah 
Brown, or any one justice of the peace in the county where 
such persons who have any such obligations, securities, 
agreements, or accounts of sales, resides or belongs. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
if any person whosover, shall refuse or neglect to deliver up 
all such obligations, securities, agreements, minutes and ac- 
counts of sales under oath, unto the said Beriah Brown, 
after he shall demand the same, or shall refuse to declare 
under oath their knowledge respecting the same, that in 
that case it shall be lawful for the said Beriah Brown, and 
he is hereby commanded to pray out a warrant, under the 
hand and seal of any one of the justices of the superior or 
inferior courts, or any of the justices of the peace in the 
counties where he or they reside or belong, and cause them 
to be committed to such county jail, and there to remain, 
on their own cost and expense, until they shall deliver up 
to the said Beriah Brown all such obligations, securities, 
agreements, minutes and accounts of sales, under oath, as 
aforesaid ; and shall declare under oath their knowledge re- 
specting the same, as aforesaid. 

Voted and resolved, that the following accounts be paid 
out of the general treasury, viz. : 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 457 

Bills Ordered to he Paid. 

£ s. d. 

Beriah Waite, for his time and expenses in carrying clivers acts of the Gen- 
eral Assembly and council of war to the several towns in the county of 
Kings 16 10 00 

James Arnold, for his horse-hire and expenses in attending on the council 

of war 48 00 00 

Immanuel Case, for his horse-hire and expenses in attending on the council 

of war 44 04 00 

Gideon Comstock, for his horse-hire and expenses in attending on the coun- 
cil of war 52 16 00 

George Peirce, for his horse-hire and expenses in attending on the council 

of war 13 04 00 

Esek Hopkins, for his expenses in attending as a member of the council of 

war 26 02 00 

William Charming, for his expenses in attending on the General Assembly, 

as clerk 13 14 00 

Governor William Greene, for his horse-hire and expenses, in attending as 

one of the members of the council of war 54 00 00 

Abraham Greene, for his time and expenses in going express to Col. Kas- 
son, and the town council of Coventry, with the order of the council of 
war for warning the militia ; for attending on the General Assembly at 
the present session, &c 5 08 00 

Arnold Stafford, for attending as a waiter on the General Assembly at this 

present session 3 00 00 

Richard Fry, for his past services as sheriff of the county of Kent, $20. 

Deputy Governor Jabez Bowen, for his expenses in attending as a member 

of the council of war 15 15 00 

God save the United States of America. 



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kingstovm, on 
Monday, the 2Qth day of October, 1778. 

His Excellency William Greene, Governor. 
The Hon. Jabez Bowen, Deputy Governor. 

Whereas, Fisherman, a negro man-slave, the property of 
William Allen, was enlisted by Capt. Elijah Lewis, into the 
regiment under the command of Col. Greene, agreeably to 
a resolution of this Assembly ; and the said Fisherman, be- 

vol. viii. 58 



458 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [OCT., 

fore he was mustered and valued, deserted to the enemy on 
Rhode Island, whereby the said William hath been prevent- 
ed from obtaining a certificate of the value of the said slave, 
and a note for the payment thereof; wherefore, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said William Allen be 
allowed £120, lawful money, for the said negro man-slave. 

That the general treasurer give his promissory note for 
the payment of the same, agreeably to the said resolution ; 
and that the said negro man, if he should again come into 
possession of this state, be at the disposal of this Assembly. 

Whereas, Messrs. John Updike and Paul Allen laid before 
this Assembly the following report, viz. : 

Report of the Committee appointed by the General Assembly to burn 
certain Lawful Money Bills. 

We, the subscribers, together with the Hon. Jabez Bowen, Esq., being appointed 
by the Honorable the General Assembly, a committee to receive of Joseph Clarke, 
Esq., general treasurer, the lawful money bills emitted by this state, and burn the same, 
do report : 

That we have received, carefully counted and burnt of the several emissions, the 
following sums, viz. : 

January 15, 1776 £24,459 07 3 

November 6, 1775 9,683 19 5 

March 18, 1776 12,542 09 9 

September 5, 1776 13,825 17 

£60,511 13 5 

May 3, 1775 £6,196 06 44 

Interest thereon 122 12 7 

6,318 18 114 

June 16, 1775 3,312 00 6 

Interest thereon 55 08 7 

3,367 09 01 

June 29, 1775 2,949 00 1 

Interest thereon . . .46 13 104 

2,995 13 114 

£73,193 15 05 

JOHN UPDIKE, 
PAUL ALLEN. 

And the said report being duly considered, — 
It is voted and resolved, that the same be, and hereby is, 
accepted. 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 459 

It is voted and resolved, that in future no charges be al- 
lowed in the accounts of the general treasurer against this 
state, except the same are supported by orders of this As- 
sembly, or the council of war; and the committees who 
may be hereafter appointed to adjust the same, are to pro- 
ceed accordingly ; and that the treasurer be furnished, by 
the secretary, with a copy of this resolve. 

It is voted and resolved, that the sheriff for the county of 
Kings, forthwith take into his possession the real estate late 
of George Wightman, deceased, but now belonging to Geo. 
Wightman, who is in the service of the enemies of the 
United States; and all other estate belonging to the 
said George Wightman ; and that he make report to this 
Assembly. 

Whereas, a deficiency hath arisen in the stock belonging 
to the farm formerly improved by Stephen Boyer, but now 
leased to Mr. Charles Dyer, — 

It is voted and resolved, that the said Stephen Boyer and 
Charles Dyer be notified, by the sheriff for the county of 
Kines, to give their attendance at the next session of this 
Assembly, that the same may be adjusted. 

It is voted and resolved, that Mr. Enoch Haszard, for the 
county of Kings ; William Bradford, Esq., for the counties 
of Bristol and Providence ; and Pardon Gray, Esq., for the 
county of Newport, be, and they are hereby, appointed a 
committee to receive and dispose of the rents due, in pro- 
duce, for the estates leased in behalf of this state, within 
their respective counties, in the year 1778, to the best ad- 
vantage, at public or private sale ; and that the said Enoch 
Haszard and Pardon Gray render an account and pay the 
money arising from the sale of the rents within their re- 
spective counties, to the said William Bradford, Esq. 

Whereas, great inconveniences and difficulties do arise 
within this state, by reason that the acts, votes and resolves 
of the General Assembly, are not printed immediately after 
the rising of the session of such Assembly where they are 



460 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [OoT., 

passed, and the schedules duly transmitted to each town, as 
the law directs ; wherefore — 

Besolved, that it be, and hereby is, earnestly recommend- 
ed to Henry Ward, Esq., secretary of this state, to employ a 
sufficient number of clerks to forthwith copy and prepare 
for the press all the acts, orders and resolutions of this As- 
sembly, which are not already printed or prepared for the 
press ; and that he employ as many printers (if Mr. Carter 
cannot do the business) as will be necessary ; so that all the 
schedules may, if possible, be ready to be delivered by the 
next session of this Assembly, or as soon as may be. 

Whereas, of late, the streets and highways of the several 
towns in this state have suffered greatly, for want of due re- 
pairs ; and the fines for neglect of doing duty on the high- 
ways, as the law requires, are so small that they are in no- 
wise adequate to the expense of mending and repairing 
them ; wherefore — 

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au- 
thority thereof it is enacted, that from and after the rising 
of this Assembly, the fines for not appearing and doing 
duty on the highways, as the law requires, be as follows, 
viz. : 

For each man per day, twenty-four shillings. 

For a man and one yoke of oxen, and cart or plough per 
day, forty-two shillings. 

For a man and two. yoke of oxen, and a good draught- 
horse, with cart or plough, fifty-six shillings per clay. 

And for teams only, the fines to be in the same pro- 
portion. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
if any person shall be appointed a surveyor, and shall not 
accept the appointment, and undertake the duties of his of- 
fice ; or if he shall accept the same, and afterwards neglect 
the duty of his office, he shall pay as a fine £15, lawful 
money, to be collected and paid in manner as is directed by 
an act entitled " An act for amending the highways." 



1778.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 461 

And it is ordered, that a copy of this act be inserted in 
the Providence Gazette three weeks successively, that all 
persons concerned, may have notice thereof. 

It is voted and resolved, that Jonathan Arnold, William 
Bradford and Henry Ward, Esqs., be, and they are hereby, 
appointed a committee to revise the several acts heretofore 
passed respecting persons inimical to the liberties of the 
United States, and to draw up such further acts as they 
shall think necessary to prevent the return of persons to 
this state, as inhabitants thereof, who have voluntarily left 
the same, or the towns to which they belonged, to join the 
enemy on Rhode Island, or elsewhere ; and also an act of 
outlawry for all others who have, in arms or otherwise, 
aided, abetted, or assisted the enemy, and for confiscation of 
their estates ; and that they make report to this Assembly, 
at the next session. 

It is voted and resolved, that His Honor the Deputy Gov- 
ernor, Jonathan Arnold, Esq., and Mr. John Brown, be, and 
they are hereby, appointed a committee, to draft a letter to 
the Honorable the General Assembly of the state of Con- 
necticut, respecting the embargo upon provisions ; and that 
they make report to this Assembly, as soon as may be. 

Whereas, Mr. Robert Champlin, of South Kingstown, in 
the county of Kings, mariner, preferred a petition, and re- 
presented unto this Assembly, that in the month of Novem- 
ber, 1774, he sailed from Newport, to the coast of Africa, 
where he purchased a number of slaves, and disposed of 
them in the island of Jamaica, part upon credit, and the 
other part for the produce of the island, with which he 
again sailed for the coast of Africa, and returned to the 
island aforesaid ; when hearing of the cruel war carried on 
by the British troops against his native country, he left the 
greater part of his effects in the hands of the merchants and 
planters, took passage to Newport, and from thence return- 
ed to South Kingstown, aforesaid. 

That he hath been at home almost two years, and nearly 
expended all the effects he brought with him • and that he is 



462 RECORDS OF THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND [OCT., 

desirous of taking passage to some neutral island in the 
West Indies, and from thence to Jamaica, in order to collect 
his effects there ; but would not willingly go to any place 
or port in possession of the enemy, without proper leave 
first had ; and thereupon prayed this Assembly to grant 
him a permit to pass to the said island of Jamaica, in man- 
ner as aforesaid, in order to collect his debts and effects 
there