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Full text of "Records of the revolutionary war:"

.ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC 



3 1833 00823 1752 



GENEALOGY 

973.34 

AA1S 




■vtjir/, /i/f ^-ycc in v lan-c// ^/eale. 



RECORDS 

OF THE 

Revolutionary War: 

CONTAINING 

THE MILITARY AND FINANCIAL CORRESPONDENCE 
OF DISTINGUISHED OFFICERS; 

NAMES OF THE OFFICERS AND PRIVATES OF REGIMENTS, COMPANIES, 
AND CORPS, WITH THE DATES OF THEIR COMMISSIONS 

AND enlistments; 
GENERAL ORDERS of WASHINGTON, LEE and GREENE 

AT GERMANTOWN AND VALLEY FORGE J 

WITH A LIST OF 

DISTINGUISHED PRISONERS OF WAR; THE TIME OF THEIR 

CAPTURE, EXCHANGE, ETC. 

TO WHICH IS ADDED 
THE HALF-PAY ACTS OF THE CONTINENTAL CONGRESS ; THE REVO- 
LUTIONARY PENSION LAWS; AND A LIST OF THE OFFICERS OF 
THE CONTINENTAL ARMY WHO ACQUIRED THE RIGHT TO 
HALF-PAY, COMMUTATION, AND LANDS. 

BY W. T. R. SAFFELL, 

COUNSELLOR, AND AGENT FOR REVOLUTIONARY CLAIMS. 

THIRD EDITION. 



BALTIMORE : 
CHARLES C. SAFFELL, 

224 WEST FAYETTE STREET. 
I894. 



Copyright 1894, 

BY 

CHARLES C. SAFFELL. 



i A Kvan-, Diiu linii \\ ..l.-i Sn.vl, l;.,li!i, .",.,., JI,|. 






PREFACE. 



As great numbers of the descendants of Revolutionary officers 
and soldiers are, at this time, eagerly in search of information 
relative to the service of their ancestors, for purposes of profit 
and satisfaction as well as of history ; and, as many of 
them reside at places where nothing of the kind can be had 
without considerable difficulty and expense, I have thought it 
my proper duty to place my collections within the reach of all 
interested. 

In so doing, lam not without a strong reason to induce a belief 
that they will be of some considerable historical interest in in- 
dicating the different locations and movements of the army, 
and in showing the whereabouts of individual officers, regi- 
ments, detachments, and corps, as well as in giving the precise 
dates of important events ; and as the financial difficulties of 
the infant Republic in 1780 has been a subject of great interest, 
both in history and in legislation, new light is thrown upon it 
by the correspondence dated in that year. 

As the Congress of the United States, the Court of Claims, 
and the Executive Departments are constantly engaged in the 
legislation upon, and in the investigation and adjustment of. 
claims against the United States for military service, I am con- 
vinced that much of the matter included in my collections, es- 
pecially the correspondence of officers, and the list of their 
deaths, will serve as an important guide to individuals in assert- 
ing their claims, and as a protection of the interests of the gov- 
ernment in adjusting them. 



A 



They will, also, be found useful in answering at once, and 
without trouble, the thousands of letters to members of Con- 
gress from their constituents, asking information relating to 
military service, pensions, and the Pension and Bounty Land 
Laws of the Revolution. 

In preparing this work, I have availed myself of the free use 
of "Irving's Life of Washington," "Lossing's Field Book of 
the Revolution," and " McSherry's History of Maryland," which, 
I am free to acknowledge, are the best and most accurate 
works extant, on their respective subjects, and should be owned 
by every reader in the land. 

W. T. R. S. 



CONTENTS 



LETTERS. 

Page. 

Gen. Richard Montgomery, to Col. Timothy Bedel 17—28 

do. do. Proclamation to the Canadians 26 

Col. Benj. Hinman, to Colonel Bedel 18 

Gen. Philip Schuyler, do. do 18 

Aide. John Macpherson, do. do 20 

Com. Noah Phelps, do. do 23 

Col. James Livingston, do. do 24' 

Gen. David Wooster, do. do 28 

Col. James Holmes, do. do 28—29 

Col. Robert Troup, do. do 31 

do. to Johnston and Howell 38 

Gen. Horatio Gates, to Col. Bedel 38 

Secretary Richard Peters, to Col. Edward Antill 3J 

do. do. to Commissioners of Accounts 32 

Capt. Jotham Drury, to Col. John Lamb . . . 30 

Col. Jonathan Trumbull, to do. 74 

Gen. David Waterbury, to Continental Commissioners 31 

Com. Gen. Elias Boudinot, to Capt. Alexander Graydon 32 

Col. Matthais Odgen, to Lieut. L. J Costigin 33 

Pres. John Jay, to William Palfrey, Paymaster-General 33 

Paym'r-Gen. John Pierce, to William Palfrey, Paym'r-Gen. 66, 70,- 73, 75, 76, 79 

do. do. do. do. 80,81,84,85 

do. do. Paym'r-Gen. Jonathan Burrall . . 38, 43, 46, 48, 53 

do. do. Continental Congress. . . 42, 57, 64, 99, 101, 104, 105 

do. do. Paym'r-Gen. Thomas Reed 43,45,4(3,49,82 

do. do. Gen. Wm. Heath 44 

do. do. Col. Jeduthan Baldwin 45 

do. do. Col. Donald Campbell 45 

do. do. Paym'r-Gen. Joseph Clay 48, 52, 70 

do. do. Col. Udny Hay, Quarterm'r Gen ...49,72 

do. do. Paym'r-Gen. William BedlOw 52 

do. do. Board of Treasury 54, 58, 61, 62, 64, 85, 86, 113 

do. do. Col. R. H. Harrison. .. 62 

do. do. U. S. Lottery 74 

do. do. Mr. Hubbard, of Conn 77 

do. do. Hon. Thomas McKean 100 

do. do. Col. Israel Shreeve 110 

do. do. Thomas Harwood, Esq. Ill 

do. do. John Neufville, Esq Ill 

do. do. Aud. Joseph Howell 112 

do. do. Gen. Allen Jones 113 

Gen. Count Cassimir Pulaski, to Auditors 33 

Col. Joseph Carleton, do. 34 

Aud. James Johnston, to Board of Treasury 34 



5 CONTENTS. 

PAGE. 

Paym'r-Gen. Jonathan Burrall, to Board of Treasury 39 

do. do. Paym'r-Gen. John Boreman 39 

do. do. do. John Pierce 40,46.51 

do. do. do. Joseph Clay . . 41, 47, 56 

do. do. do. Benj. Steele 51 

do. do. do. Thomas Reed 53 

do. do. do. Benj. Harrison 54,61 

do, do. do. Gov. Richard Caswell... 57 

Capt. J. Baldesqui, to Continental Congress 35,36 

Paym'r-Gen. Thomas Reed, to Paym'r-Gen. John Pierce 50 

Joseph Bullock, do. do 73 

Sharp Delaney, do. do 73 

Col. John Sherman, do. do 94 

Hon. Hugh Williamson, do. do 97 

Gen. Henry Jackson, do. do 97 

Gen. George Partridge, do. do 98 

Gen. Jedediah Huntington, do. do 98 

Gen. Otho H. Williams, do. do 105 

Gen. Mordecai Gist, do. do 106 

Aud-Gen. Chris. Richmond, do. do 101 

Col. John E. Howard, do. do 103 

Col. Samuel Carlton, do. do 107 

Gen. Lachlin Mcintosh, do. do 110 

Capt. George L. Turberville, do. do 108 

Paym'r-Gen. William Palfrey, do. do 71 

do. do. to Board of Treasury 67,68,72 

do. do. to Paym'r-Gen. Thomas Reed 67 

do. do. to Mr. Jared Saxton ..69 

do. do. to Major Clark 108 

Com'ry Paul Woolf oik, to Com'ry William Porter ... 88, 89, 90 

Quarterni'r-gen. H. Morris, do. do. 88 

Com'ry J. Pryor, do. do. 90,93 

do. Edward Moore, do. do. 91 

Aide-de-Camp James Fairlee, do. do. 91 

Gen. Anthony Wayne and others, to Com'ry William Porter 94 

Quarterm'r-Gen. Udny Hay, to Ebenezer Stevens 95 

Com'ry-Gen. Samuel Hodgdon, to do. , 96 

Major Bartholomew Von Heer, to Col. Josiah Harmar 96 

Aud. Gen. John Nicholson, to Aud. Joseph Howell 99 

Capt. Joseph Morrill, do. do. 99 

Aud. Gen. Edward Dunscomb, do. do. ....113 

Com'ry Joseph Dawson, do. do. 138 

Major John Stagg, do. do. 139 

Aud. Robert Denny, do. do. 141 

Col. William Barton, do. do. ...141 

Col. Thomas F. Jackson, do. do. 143 

Lieut. Thomas H. Condy, to Mr. Simmons 143 

Aud. Joseph Howell, to Hon. James Madison 139 

do. William Simmons 136 

do. R. J. Vauden Broeck 137 

do. Secretary of War 137 

John Deming,of Mass., to do. 130 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE. 

John Wright, Esq., to Comptroller 118 

Capt. Robert Walker, to Col. Eleazer Oswald 106 

Cor. A. Throckmorton, to Aud-Gen. A. Dunscomb 108 

Capt. John Buckanan, to Congress 103 

REGIMENTS. 

Colonel Joseph Cilley's New Hampshire Regiment 143 

do. William Douglass' Connecticut do 153 

do. Christopher Green's Rhode Island do 153 

do. Israel Angell's do. do 154 

do. Ebenezer Stevens' New York Artillery do 155 

do. Lewis Dubois' do. Infantry do 161 

do. Peter Gansevoort's do. do . do 168 

do. John Lamb's do. Artillery do 171 

do. Arthur St. Clair's Penn. Infantry do 183 

do. Joseph Wood's do. do. do 183 

do. Anthony Wayne's do. do. do 196 

do. William Irvine's do. do. do 303,315 

do. Charles Armand's Legion ^ 319 

do. Lewis Nicola's Invalid Regiment 233 

do. Otho H. Willliams' Maryland do 234 

do. John Gunby's do. do 235 

do. Peter Adams' do. do 3a5 

do. Thomas Woolford's do. do 236 

do. Benjamin Ford's do. do 236 

do. Lewis Weltner's German do 337 

do. Charles G. Griffith's Flying-Camp do 337 

do. Josiah C. Hall's do. do 238 

do. Thomas Ewing's do. do 838 

do. William Richardson's do. do 239 

do. Moses Rawling's Rifle, do 240 

do. Charles Harrison's Staff and Artillery do 341 

do. Daniel Morgan's 11th and 15th Virginia do 356 

do. do. Rifle do 368 

do. Alex. Spottswood's Virginia do 270 

do. William Heath's do. do 276 

do. John Gibson's Western Frontier do 280 

do. Nathaniel Gists' Virginia do 285 

do. Henry Lee's Legion, (officers) 288 

do. Francis Marion's South Carolina Regiment 290 

CAPTAINS' COMPANIES. 

Captain David Arrell, Virginia Infantry 277 

do. Morgan Alexander, do. do 270 

do. Robert Adams, Pennsylvania do 205 

do. John Alexander, do. do — 218 

do. William Alexander. do. do , 218 

do. John Blackwell, do. do 378 

do. Reuben Briscoe, do. do 279 

do. Benj. Biggs, do. do 284 

do. Thomas Bell, do. do. 286 

do. Alex. Breckenridge, do. do 287 

do. Richard Baker, South Carolina do 390 

do. William Brown, Maryland Artillery 237 



CONTENTS. 



Captain Nathaniel Burrell, 
do. Thomas Baytop, 
do. Peter B. Bruin, 
do. Samuel Booker, 
do. William Butler, 
do. Stephen Bayard, 
do. John Brisban, 
do. Lewis Bush, 
do. Jacob Bauer, 
do. Stephen Buckland, 
c"o. Jonathan Brown, 
do. Rudolph Bunner, 
do. Thomas Blackwell, 
do. William Brattan, 
do. John C. Carter, 
do. Whitehead Coleman, 
do.^ James Calderwood, 
do. Thomas Craig, 
do. Thomas Church, 
do. Buller Claiborne, 
do. Richard Dorsey, 
do. Richard Davis, 
do. John Dandridge, 
do. Nathaniel Donnell, 
do. Thomas Dunbar, 
do. Philip De Bois Bevier, 

do. Jost Driesbach, 
do. Amos Emerson, 

do. Samuel Eddens, 

do. Ebenezer Frye, 

do. Isaac Farwell, 

do. Persifer Frazer, 

do. Jeremiah Gilman, 

do. Henry Goodwin, 

do. Philip Griffith, 

do. Charles Gallahue, 

do. James Gray, 

do. John Gregory, 

do. David Grier, 

do. Philip Graybell, 

do. John Gist, 

do. Peter Gray, 

do. Samuel Hawes, 

do. Thomas Hall, 

do. John Henry, 

do. John Hiding, 

do. Samuel Hay, 

do. Nathaniel Hutchins, 

do. Amos Hutchins, 

do. John F. Hamtramck, 

do. Cornelius T. Jansen, 

do. William Johnson, 



Virginia 
do. 
do. 
do. 
Pennsylvania 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
New York 

do. 
Pennsylvania 
Virginia 
Pennsylvania 
Virginia 
do. 
do. 
Pennsylvania 

do. 
Virginia 
Maryland 

do. 
Virginia 
New York 
South Carolina 
New York 
Pennsylvania 
New Hampshire 
Virginia 
New Hampshire 

do. 
Pennsylvania 
New Hampshire 
New York 
Maryland 
Virginia 
Virginia 

do. 
Pennsylvania 

do. 
Virginia 
South Carolina 
Virginia 
South Carolina 
Virginia 
Pennsylvania 

do. 

New Hampshire 

New York 

do. 

do. 

Virginia 



PAGE. 

Artillery 242 

do 251 

Infantry 282 

Artillery 265 

Infantry 1S9 

do 190 

do 191 

do 205 

do 221 

Artillery 156 

do 174 

Infantry 185 

do 262 

do 215 

Artillery 249 

do 252 

Infantry 256 

do 187 

do 196 

do 270 

Artillery 230 

Riflemen 240 

Artillery 247 

do 157 

Infantry 293 

do 164 

do 219 

do 148 

Artillery 250 

Infantry 149 

do. ; 150 

do 198 

do 144 

do 166 

Riflemen 240 

Infantry 257 

Infantry 266 

Artilllery 266 

Infantry 211 

do 222 

do 28& 

do 291 

do 275 

do 292 

Artillery 252 

Infantry 193 

do 203 

do 151 

Artillery 163 

Infantry 167 

do 169 

do 258 



CONTENTS. 



8 



Capta 

do. 

do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
""do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 



in Strother Jones, 
John C. Jones, 
John Johnson, 
Thomas Lee, 
John Lacey, 
Gabriel Long, 
Samuel Lapsley, 
Philip K. F. Lee, 
John McDowell, 
Richard Mason, 
Daniel Mazyck. 
Everard Meade, 
Moses McLean, 
John F. Mercer, 
Francis Muir, 
Charles Motte, 
Thomas Moultrie, 
John Marshall, 
Amos Morrill, 
Andrew Moodie, 
Gershom Motte, 
Samuel Montgomery, 
George Nicholas, 
Noah Nichols, 
John Nelson, 
Count de Ottendorf, 
Anthony Post, 
Valentine Peyton, 
Robert Powell, 
John Peyton, 
Charles Porterfleld, 
James Pendleton, 
Alex. Parker, 
William Pierce, 
Adrian Proveaux, 
William Rippey, 
Thomas Robinson, 
John Reese, 
George Rice, 
Drury Ragsdale, 
Bernard Romans, 
James Rosecrans, 
Albert Roux, 
Winthrop Sargeant, 
George Sylez, 
James Steuart, 
William Scott, 
Simon Sartwell, 
William Smith, 
Anthony Singleton, 
Alex. L. 8mith, 
Anthony Selins, 



Virginia 
Maryland 
New York 

do. 
Pennsylvania 
Maryland 
Virginia 

do. 
Pennsylvania 
South Carolina 

do. 
Virginia 
Pennsylvania 
Virginia 

do. 
South Carolina 

do. 
Virginia 
New Hampshire 
New York 

do. 
Pennsylvania 
Virginia 
New York 
Pennsylvania 

do. 
New York 
Virginia 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
Pennsylvania 
Virginia 
South Carolina 
Pennsylvania 
do. 
do. 
Virginia 

do. 
Pennsylvania 
New York 
South Carolina 
Massachusetts 
New York 

do. 
New Hampshire 

do. 
Virginia 

do. 
Maryland 
Pennsylvania 



PAGE. 

Infantry 285 

do 337 

do 167 

do 165 

do 197 

Riflemen 268 

Infantry 285 

do 279 

do 217 

do 294 

do 294 

do 271 

do 213 

do 376 

do 287 

do 291 

do 293 

do 267 

do 146 

Artillery 173 

do 173 

Infantry 216 

do 273 

Artillery Artificers. . 160 

Riflemen 181 

Infantry 319 

Artillery Artificers. . 175 

Artillev 277 

Infantry 278 

do 279 

do 259 

Artillery 246 

Infantry 217 

Artillery 243 

Infantry 290 

do 208 

do 194 

do 193 

Artillery 264 

do 245 

do 178 

Infantry 161 

do 291 

Artillery 177 

Infantry 168 

Artillery 163 

Infantry 145 

do 143 

do 261 

Artillery 244 

Riflemen 240 

Infantry 220 



CONTENTS. 



Captain Abraham Smith, 

(To. Joseph Smith, 

do. Uriah Springer, 

do. William Sanford, 

do. John Paul Schott, 

do. Francis Taylor, 

do. Thomas Tebbs, 

do. James Taylor, 

do. Jeremiah Talbot, 

do. Thomas Wills, 

do. James A. Wilson, 

do. Robert Wilson, 

do. John Wait, 

do. John Winslow, 

do. Josiah Wool, 

do. Samuel Watson,' 



Pennsylvania 
Virginia 
do. 
do. 
Pennsylvania 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 
Virginia 
Pennsylvania 

do. 
New Hampshire 
New York 

do. 
Pennsylvania 



PAGB 

Infantry 207 

do 286 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do, 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



274 
221 
273 
272 
200 
214 
263 
210 
215 
147 



Artillery 159 

do 175 

Infantry 183 



Capture of 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



AMERICAN PRISONERS. 
General Charles Lee 



do. LordSterling 308 

do. John Sullivan 308 

do. Benjamin Lincoln 308 

do. William Moultrie 309 

do. James Irvine 309 

Colonel Ethan Allen 309 



do. 

do. 
Major 

do. 

do. 
Adjt. 

do. 



Nicholas Lutz.... 
Michael Swope, . . . 

George Tudor 

Thomas L. Byles. 
John Poulson 



310 
310 
311 
311 



John Johnson 311 

Daniel Kennedy, 312 

Engineer Ferdinand J. S. De Brahm 312 

Baron Charles De Frey 312 

Captain Henry Bedinger 398 

do. William Crawford 313 

do. J ohn Richardson 312 

do. Bateman Lloyd 313 

do. Robert Sample, 313 

do. Thomas Mclntire 313 

do. Robert Caldwell 314 

do. James Moore 314 

do. Matthew Knox 314 

do. Samuel Culbertson 315 

do. John McDonald 315 

do. Alex.Graydon 315 

do. John Stotesbury , . . 316 

do. Robert Patton 316 

do. James Elliott 316 

Lieut. Matthew Bennett 316 

do. Robert Brown 317 

do. Louis J. Costigin 317 

do. Joseph Martin 317 



CONTEXTS. 



10 



Capture 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 
Prisoner 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 



PAGE. 

f Lieut. Williaru Young 317 

do.-^T John V.Hyatt 318 

d o. Zachariah Shugart 318 

do. Hezekiah Davis 318 

do. Andrew Robertson 318 

do. John Irwin 319 

do. Thomas Wynn 319 

do. Jonathan Smith 319 

do. Robert Darlington 319 

do. Samuel McClellan 1330 

do. Warner Wynn 320 

Surgeon David Love 320 

Ensign John Thomson 330 

at Three Rivers 397 

Long Island 397 

Putnam's Retreat 397 

Fort Washington 398 

Exchanged by John Adams 320 

do. Abraham Skinner ... 331 

NOTES ON THE SERVICE OP 



.385 



PAGE 

Capt. Dohickey Arundel 39( 

Col. George Baylor 

do. Mordecai Buckner 386 

Capt. Thomas Blackweil 387 

Lieut. Edmund Brooke 388 

Capt. George M. Bedinger 389 

do. Peter Bernard 391 

Maj. John Brent 391 

Lieut. Francis T.Brooke 391 

Capt. John Blair 391 

Ensign William B. Bunting 391 

Lieut. Daniel Bedinger 391 

do. Isaac Bowman 395 

Ensign James Broadus 396 

Capt. Henry Bedinger 398 

Col. William Crawford 386 

do. Richard Campbell 386 

Dr. William Carter 388 

Capt. Buller Claiborne 388 

Lieut. Seth Chapin 389 

do. Ezra Chapman 395 

Capt. Mayo Carrington 398 

Rev. John Cordell 391 

Capt. John DeTreville 390 

Maj. Matthew Donovan 391 

Capt. James Davis 391 

Ma J. Edmund Dickinson 392 

Capt. William Davenport 396 

do. John Davis 396 

Lieut. John Emerson 389 



PAGE. 

Col. Uriah Forest 385 

Lieut. Henry Field 393 

Dr. Corbin Griffin 389 

Lieut. Robert Green 389 

do. Thomas Gordon 393 

Surg. David Gould 393 

Capt. William E. Godfrey 395 

Lieut. Edmund Gamble 395 

Dr. Francis L. B. Goodwin 397 

Rev. David Griffith 398 

Col. Robert H. Harrison 385 

Lieut. Joseph H^id 393 

Capt. William Harrison 397 

do. Abraham Hite 398 

Capt. Samuel Jones 395 

Lieut. Samuel Jones 397 

Col. Thomas Knowlton 387 

Com'y Henry King 395 

Capt. Reuben Lipscomb 393 

do. Thomas H. Luckett 392 

Maj. Daniel Leet 393 

Capt. Jonathan Langdon.. 393 

do. James Mayson 386 

Gen. Hugh Mercer 386 

Capt. Ambrose Madison 393 

do. Joseph Micheaux 393 

Lieut. Richard Muse 393 

Capt. John Morton 398 

Lieut. John McKinley 394 

do. Michael McDonald 394 



11 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE. 

Lieut. James Morton 398 

Capt. Everard Meade 388 

Lieut. Kiehard No well 390 

Capt. William Nelson 389 

do. David Noble 397 

Col. Richard Parker 386 

do. Charles Porterfleld 386 

Lieut. William Price 388 

do. Eli Parsons 390 

Capt. Richard Pendleton 393 

Surg. Shubell Pratt 393 

Col. Isaac Reed 387 

Capt. John Roberts 387 

Surg. William Rumney 393 

Capt. Samuel Ranson 397 

Col. Willis Reddick- 397 

Capt. Hebard Smallwood 393 



PAGE. 

Adjt. Simon Summers 394 

Ensign Clement Sewell 396 

Col. John H. Stone 396 

Capt. Nehemiah Stokeley 397 

Ensign J ohn Spitf athom 398 

Capt. John Spotts wood 389 

Col. John Thornton 385 

do. William Taliaferro 387 

Lieut. John Taylor 388 

Cornett William Teas 388 

Surg. Charles Taylor 391 

Capt. Benjamin Timberlake . . . 394 

do. Augustus Willett 395 

Lieut. Thomas Wallace 3S9 

do. Thomas Wishart: 389 

do. John Wilson 394 

do. Charles Y arborough 394 



PROMISES AND CONTRACTS OP THE CONTINENTAL CONGRESS. 



Land Act of August 14, 1776. . . . 

do. September 16, 1776. 

Half-pay Act May 15, 1778 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



November 34, 1778 

May 22,1779 

August 24, 1780 

October 3, 1780 

do. 31,1780 

November 28, 1780. . • 

J anuary 17, 1781 

May 8,1781 

May 26, 1781 

December 31, 1781 

Commutation Act of March 22, 1783 

do. May 16, 1783 

do. January 26, 1784 

do. February 11, 1784 

Interest Act of June 3, 1784 .' 

Commutation Act of March 8, 1785 

do. August 11, 1790 

Officers entitled to half-pay.. 411- 

Remarks on the half-pay acts, &c 

Court of Claims on half -pay, &c 

Congress on the half-pay 

Petitions in 1810 for half-pay 

Senator Crittenden on the half-pay • 

Senator Seward 

Chief Justice Gilchrist 

Baird's heirs us. United States 

Wirt's opinion 448 

Commentaries on the half pay bill 



403 
404 
404 
404 
405 
405 
405 
406 
406 
406 
406 
407 
409 
409 
409 
41& 
410 
410 
-438 
43!) 
454 
445 
444 
449 
451 
458 
454 
-458 
449 



CONTENTS. 12 

CINCINNATI SOCIETY. PAGE. 

Description of 468 

Constitution of 471 

Officers of • 477 

Members of the New York Society 478 

do. Pennsyvania do 483 

do. Maryland do 488 

VIRGINIA HALF-PAY, LAND, ETC. 

Remarks on 490 

Act of Congress, September 13, 1783 490 

Virginia Bounty Lands 494 

Actof May 1779 494 

do. Octoberl779 495 

do. do. 1780 496 

do. May 1783 497 

do. October 1782 497 

do. do. 1783 497 

do. do. 1784 497 

Governor's Proclamation 498 

Officers who received land from Virginia 500 

Act of May 1779 (half -pay) 508 

do. November 1781 509 

do. July5,lS32 509 

Payments per Act of July 5, 1832 511 

REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 

Act March 18, 1818 512 

do. May 15, 1828 514 

do. June 7,1832 518 

<8o. July 4,1836 522 

do. July 7, 1&38 523 

do. July 29,1848 524 

do. February 3, 1853 525 

REVOLUTIONARY OFFICERS. 

Extensive list of deaths, with notes 526 

Pensioned Officers • 537 

Conclusion 554 



GENERAL INDEX, 



Artiilery, of N. Y.,19. 
Alien, Col. Ethan, 20, 302. 
Arnold, Benedict, at Quebec, 22, 

28, 76. 
Antil, Col., 30. 
Ambassdor, French, 38. 
Audebert, Philip, 77. 
Arrangement of Light Dragoons, 

93. 
Alexander, William S., 110, 113. 
Acres of land, to officers, 401. 
Armand, Col., 531. 
Armstrong, Gen. John, 531. 
Ashe, Gen., 532. 

Brig. Gen. Starke, at Bennington, 
332. 

Brown, Ma]., 10, 22, 

Boucherville, 28. 

Boudinot, Elias, Com. Gen. Pris. 
32, 307, 532. 

Beatty, John, do. S07. 

Brooks, John, Com. of Issues, 307. 

Bradford, Thomas, Com. of Pris. 
307. 

Bradford, William, Com of Mus- 
ters, 532. 

Baldesqui, J. Capt., 32, 33, 34, 36, 38. 

Boze, Lieut. Col., killed, 33. 

Baldwin, Col. Jeduthan, 45. 

Burrall, Jonathan, 46, 47, 51, 53, 55. 

Blount, Mr., D. M. P. Gen., 50. 

Brook, George, Treasurer of Va. 61. 

Boreman, John, D. M. P. Gen. 64. 

Bigham, Lieut., 77. 

Bevins, Lieut., 77. 

Bard, John, Capt., 83. 

Brown, William, Capt., 86. 

Buchanan, John, Capt., 102, 104. 

Burk, William, 139. 

Bowdoin, James, 300. 

Baskinridge, N. J., 301. 

British Prison-ships, 305. 

Bland, Col., 532. 

Brooks, Col. Eleazer, 532. 

Baxter's Flying Camp, 317. 



Bullitt, Dept. Adjt. Gen., orders 

of, 325. 
Bennington, Battle r-f, 332. 
Battle of Sept. 19, 1777, 343. 
Burgoyne's Surrender, 34S. 
Broadhead, Col. Daniel, 227. 
Boundaries of Mil. Districts, 408. 
Brandon, Alex., tried for horse 

stealing, 329. 
Biddle, Clement, appointed Com. 

of Forage, 331. 
"Black Bull," 305. 

Caughnawaga Castle, 19. 
Chambli, 25. 26. 
Campbell, Col., 26, 45, 60. 
Crane, Col., John, 30, 135. 
Costigin, Lieut. Lewis J., 33. 
Carleton, Joseph, Sec. of War, 34. 
Coleman, Lieut. Wyatt, 54. 
Clay, Joseph, D. P. M. Gen., 56. 
Chase, Col., 69. 
Clark, Gen. George R., 532. 
Corse, Capt. John, 83. 
Condy, T. H., 97. 
Cadwallader, Col. Lambert, 299. 
Cadwallader, Gen. John, 532. 
Cornwallis, Lord, 302. 
Commissaries of Prisoners, 307. 
Chesterfield Arrangement, Va., 

Line, 384. 
Colors of Officers, 325. 
Claims against Virginia, 399. 
Commutation, officers entitled to, 

4H, 438. 
Constitution of Cincinnati Society, 

471. 
Cincinnati Society, oflacers, 477. 
Commissions of Va. officers, 288. 
Court of Claims, 454. 
Continental money,&c, stolen, 350. 
Courtlandt, Col., Superintends the 

sick, 364. 
Clinton, Gen. James, 533. 

Dugan, Capt. Thomas, 23, 24, 85. 
Drury, Capt. Jotham, 30. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



14 



DeKalb, Baron, 64, 65, 101, 105, 529. 

Dobb's Ferry, 76. 

Dirkes, Col., 82. 

De Pontiere, Lewis, 83. 

D'Estiang, Count, 295. 

De Heister, Gen., 297. 

Depreciation, Maryland list, 232. 

Dates of Va. Commissions, 288. 

Discharged men of Stevens' Artil- 
lery, 161. 

Discharged men of Gansevoort's 
Regiment, 168. 

Elmore, Major, 19, 24, 26. 
Easton, Col., 21, 28. 
Elliott, Mrs., 295. 
Elizabethtown, prisoners at, 320. 
Events in the lives of Officers, 526. 

Frazer, Gen., slain, 348. 
Fossett, Capt., 24. 
Freeman, Capt. Lieut., 30. 
Fanning, Charles, Lieut., 48. 
Fitzhugh, Perrigrine, Cornet, 82. 
Flowers, Philip, 138. 
Finley, Capt. Ebenezer, 141. 
Fort Washington, 241, 298. 
Foreign Officers, 476. 
Flying Camp, 237. 
Ford, Lieut., appointed Adjt. to 
Lamb's Regiment, 355. 

Gates, Gen. Horatio, 31. 
Graham, Col., 44. 
Green Gen. Nathaniel. 82, 93. 
Godly, George, Wag. Master, 88. 
Gilliland, James, Capt. 
Green's Orders, 341. 
Germantown, Battle of, 345. 
German Regiment, Md., 237. 
Green, William, Captain, 325. 
Gansevoort, Colonel, Peter, 533. 
Gibson, Colonel John, 533. 
Gibson, Colonel George, 533. 

Hinman, Colonel, 17, 18. 
Holmes, Colonel James, 28, 29. 
Heath, Gen. William, 44, 50, 51, 530. 
Hill, Major, 44. 

Henderson, Mr. Paymaster, 49. 
Harrison, Benjamin, D. P. M. Gen. 

50,58. 
Hodgdon, Samuel, Q. M. Gen., 51. 
Hand, Brigadier-general, 52. 
Hillegas, Mr., 68. 



Hall, Colonel David, 83. 
Harrison, Col. Charles and Staff, 

86, 241. 
Hay, Col. Udny, A. Q. M. Gen., 95. 
Hughes, John, Lieutenant, 97. 
Hazen, General Moses, 118. 
Hawes, Colonel Samuel, 138. 
Horry, Major, 295. 
Howe, Sir William, 302. 
Howe, Lord George, 3C3. 
Harcourt, Colonel John, 308. 
Howard, Colonel John E. 533. 
Howercraft, Sergeant, tent of, 373. 
Halletts, Independent Co., 330. 
Hull, Capt., tried for gaming, 351. 
Hubley, Colonel, tried, 382 
Huntington, Gen. Jedediah, 533. 

Irvine, General William, 536. 
Isle-aux Noix, 17. 

Johnson, Colonel Francis, 534. 

Jackson, Colonel James, 533. 

Jagur, Sergeant, 30. 

Jay, John, President, 33. 

Johnston, James, Auditor, 34. 

James, Colonel, 92. 

Jasper, William, Sergeant, 295. 

Knox, General, 142, 528. 
Kelly, Timothy, 325. 
King's Creek, 325. 
Kennebec Expedition, 20. 

do. River, 27. 
Kennon, Mr., Paymaster, 37. 
Kilpatrick, George, trial of, 331. 
Keene, Lawrence, appointed A. 
D. C, 371. 

Land Warrants unlocated, 500. 
La Prairie, 17, 19, 21, 23. 
Livingston, James, Col. 20, 26, 24, 

103. 
Longueille, 23. 
La Come, St. Luke, 28. 
Lake George, 28, 29. 
Lamb, Colonel John, 30. 
Long Island, tories, 31. 
Lafayette, Marquis, 31, 529. 
Lenox, 32. 

Lincoln, General, 47, 83. 
Lyman, James, 47. 
Lawrence, John, Treas. of Com. 67. 
Livingston, Col. Henry B., 99. 
Lewis, Brig. Gen., Orders of, 324. 



15 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Lee, Gen. Charles, Orders of, 325. 
Lacy, General John, 534. 
Lee. Colonel Henry, 534. 
Legislature of Virginia, Cession 

of Lands, 494. 
Lutterloth, Henry E., appointed 

D. Q. M. G., 331. 
Ludeman, Lieutenant, 83. 
Laurens, Colonel John, 83. 

Montgomery, General Richard, 

Proclamation, 26. 
McPherson, aid-de-camp, 20, 22. 
Montreal, 21, 22. 
Motte, Colonel, 25, 26. 

Mansfield, Captain, 30, 

Moylan, Colonel Stephen, 49, 52. 

McDougall, General, 49, 529. 

Mifflin, General, 70, 531. 

Machin, Thomas, 71, 72. 

Mohawk River, 73. 

McMordie, Rev. Robert, 79. 

Morris, Colonel Lewis, 82. 

Muhlenberg, Gen. Peter, 90, 91, 534. 

Mc Roberts, Mr., F. C. M. S., 92. 

Mytinger, Jacob, Captain, 96. 

Marshall, Lieut. Benjamin, 97. 

McLane, Major Allen, 101. 

Marbury, Joseph, Captain, 102, 105. 

Magill, Charles, Colonel, 105. 

Moodie, Andrew, Captain, 107. 

Motte, Captain Gershom, 107. 

Magaw's Regiment, 139. 

McClure, Captain James, 141. 

Martyrs, Imprisoned, 306. 

McAllister's Plying Camp, 317. 

Montgomery's Plying Camp, 318. 

March through Philadelphia, 334. 

Monmouth, Battle of, 383. 

Military Land District, Ohio, Ken- 
tucky, and Tennessee, 490. 

Mifflin, Jon., appointed D. Q. M. 
G., 331. 

Mederas, Captain, tried for for- 
gery, 359. 

"Mittens," stolen, 373. 

Moultrie, General, 527. 

Meigs, Colonel R. J., 534. 

Morgan, Colonel Daniel, 534. 

Marion, General Francis, 536. 

Nourse, Joseph, Asst. Aud. Gen. 

4.">. 
New York, Prisoners, 321. ' 



Nash, General, burial of, 346. 
Nagle, Colonel, Tea Party, 373. 
Nixon, Colonel, family abused, 352. 

Ogden, Colonel Matthias, 33. 
Ottendorf, Major, 108. 
Orendorf, Christian, Lieut., 137. 
Officers died in service, 411, 438. 
Officers, foreign, 437. 
Order of march to Swedes' Ford, 
342. 

Parsons, Gen. Samuel H., 534. 

Phelps, Noah, Col., Bedel's Com- 
missary, 21, 23, 24, 25. 

Prescott, General, 28. 

Peters, Richard, Secretary of War, 
30, 32. 

Pulaski, General, 32, 37, 56, 535. 

Palfrey, Col. William, 33, 39, 40, 47, 
50, 54, 56. 

Pickering, Col. Timothy, 71, 84, 534. 

Pryor, Major J., 89. 

Pepin, Lieutenant, 103. 

Putnam, General, 111, 530. 

Procter's Artillery, 141. 

Petition of Revolutionary Mar 
tyrs, 306. 

Prisoners of Cadwallader's Reg't 
310. 

Pay-table of Revolutionary Army, 
376, 378. 

Prisoners taken by Col. Brown, 343. 

Powell, Wm., tried, 383. 

Queen's Creek, 325. 

Rangers, New Hampshire, 17. 

River Onion, mouth of, 17, 18. 

Robinson's House, 22. 

River Sorel, 28. 

Redman, Capt., tried, 383. 

Reed, Thomas, A. P. M. Gen., 43,51 

Regnier, Col., 44, 100. 

Ramsey, Nathaniel, Col., 82. 

Roxburg, Capt., 106. 

Russell, Thomas C, 111, 113. 

Rahl, Col., 302. 

Roe, Gaily, 325. 

Russell, Wm., Wag. Mr. Gen. 385. 

Roe, Jesse, Capt., trial of, 32'.). 

Recruiting in Pennsylvania, 225. 

Regiments of Maryland, 234. 

Report on Virginia lands, 4'.J0. 

Regulations for guard, 326. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Hi 



Schuyler, Gen., 17, 28, £30. 

Shepherd, Lieut., 19. 

Smith, Capt., 19. 

Sackett, Capt., 44. 

Smith, Lieut. Larkin, 52. 

Scott, Gen., 54, 58. 

Schott, Capt., 63. 

Stelle, Mr., D. P. M. Gen., 82. 

Spencer, Wm., Ensign, 83. 

Steuben, Baron, 89, 530. 

Swift, Gen., 94. 

Stewart, Col., 98. 

Smallwoofl, Gen., 106, 535. 

Stirling, Lord, 142, 529. 

Swope's Flying-Camp, 315. 

Supernumerary Officers, 384. 

Spy hanged, 368. 

Society of Cincinnati, 468. 

Soldiers tried for mutiny, 331. 

Schuylkill riot, 350. 

Stray Horses, 350. 

Shanks, Thomas, a spy hanged, 367. 

St. Clair, Gen., 528. 

Spencer, Gen., 530. 

Starke, Gen., 531. 

Thomas, Gen. John, 529. 
Tinnis' House, 347. 
Ticonderoga, 22. 
Troup, Col. Robert, 31, 38. 
Travers, Capt., 38. 
Tucker, Joseph, P. M., 44. 
Tupper, Col. Benjamin, 52, 
Towles, Col. Oliver, 52, 138. 
Trumbull, Jonathan, P. M. (ien , 53. 



Turberville, John, 107. 

Tudor, Col. William, 136. 

Tariff of exchange, prisoners, 304. 

Thorndike vs. United States, 457. 

Treaty of Hopewell, 499. 

Van Renssalaer, James, 27. 
Valley Forge, last days at, 378. 
Van Schaick, Colonel Goosse, 535. 
Varick Col., Richard, 536. 
Varnum, General, 536. 

Warner, Colonel Seth. 19, 27. 
Wooster, Gen. David, 26, 28, 530. 
Waterbury, General David, 31. 
Williams, Captain, 46. 
Woolford, General, 46. 
White, Moses, P. M.,48. 
Washington, Gen., 51, 136, 526. 
Washington, Col. William, 136, 535. 
Washington, Gen., orders of, 324, 

383. 
Woodson, Tarleton, Major, 137. 
Watts' Flying Camp, 319. 
Weedon, Gen. George, orders of, 

341. 
Wilcox, Edward, Quartermaster, 

trial of, 331. 
White Clay Creek, 339. 
Washington's clock work, 346. 
Wayne, General, trial of, 347, 535. 
Walker, James, deserts his wagon, 

361. 
Webb, Lieutenant, tried, 368. 
Williams, General O. H., 535. 
Willett, Colonel Marinus, 535. 



PART I. 



CORRESPONDENCE 

OF 

DISTINGUISHED OFFICERS 

OF THE 

REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 

COMMENCING IN 1775. 

SHOWING THE DIFFERENT LOCATIONS AND MOVEMENTS OF THE 

ARMY, AND THE FINANCIAL CONDITION OF THE 

COUNTRY IN 1780. 



TlCONDEROGA, August 19, 1775. 

Sir:— I request you will cause the three companies of New 
Hampshire Rangers under your command to march with all dis- 
patch to the mouth of Onion River, taking care to give the Gen- 
eral such timely notice as may enable him to furnish them with 
provisions and boats, and such further orders as he may judge 
expedient. I am, sir, your most humble servant, 

Richard Montgomery, Brig'r Gen 1 !. 
Col. Bedel, i 

Of the New Hampshire forces, f 

Ticonderoga, August 31, 1775. 

Sir: — This will be delivered you by an officer of Col. Hinman's 

regiment, together with a boat, which I hope will be sufficient 

to carry you and his parties to Isle-aux-Noix, where you will 

join me without delay. Should the boat be insufficient to carry 



:8 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

all the men, you will try to procure craft there; and if none are 
to be had, you will send a few men to this place to the com- 
manding officer, acquainting him with what number of men may 
be left, that he may dispatch boats to you for their transporta- 
tion. I am, sir, your humble servant, 

Ph. Schuyler. 
Col. Bedel, Onion River. 

Ticonderoga, Sept. 16, 1775. 

Sir:— I received yours of the 14th, informing me of your arri- 
val at the Onion River with a number of men; also of the insuf- 
ficiency of the boats, and your request for more from this place. 

I am obliged to inform you that it is not in my power at pres- 
ent to send them, as the whole of the boats went on fro in thence 
this day. Notwithstanding I do all in my power to furnish 
boats to forward the men as they come to hand, there are now 
about five or six companies lying here and a number at Fort 
George. How the General expects me to forward the troops I 
know not. I should think best to send down to the army for 
boats, and some craft for provisions; otherwise I think the army 
must retreat for want, unless we send provisions instead of men. 
I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Benjamin Hinman. 

Col. Bedel, at Onion, or elsewhere, ) 
on Lake Champlain. j 

Camp near St. Johns, Sept. 19, 1775. 
Sir:— I have this instant received yours. The party is now 
preparing to carry you some flour and intrenching tools. Young 
troops are not so expeditious as could be wished. I will send 
the money by the commanding officer. Somebody must be em- 
ployed to act as commissary to purchase provisions. As far as 
my money will go, they shall be paid directly. If the Paymas- 
ter does not join us before that happens, they must give us cred- 
it, for I have but little. Have you a party at La Prairie 1 
In haste, your most obedient servant, 

Richard Montgomery, Brig'r Gen'l. 
Col. Bedel, northward of St. John. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 19 

Camp near St. Johns, Sept. 30, 1T75. 

Sir :— I have the pleasure to acquaint you of the arrival of 
the New York Artillery Company, and every instant I look for 
a considerable reinforcement of other troops. The paymaster- 
general has also arrived, with cash. 

Be so good as to send off a trusty Indian or Canadian to the 
Caughnawaga Castle with the string of wampum (which the 
bearer will deliver to you) and the following message : 

''Brethren, when I had the pleasure of seeing your chiefs, in 
my camp near St. Johns, after our treaty of friendship and 
neutrality was concluded, I told them there was a present from 
the twelve United Colonies for the Caughnawaga tribes, consist- 
ingof£400, York money ; but thatmy treasurer was not arrived 
with the money ; that I expected him soon, and promised to let 
you know when he came. Conformable to my promise, I take 
the first opportunity of acquainting you that the money is 
ready, and I desire to know when you will come to receive it." 

You have, I suppose, appointed a trusty Commissary. He 
must keep his accounts with the utmost exactness, and be upon 
his oath, as every ration of provisions must be accounted for. 

Should Colonel Warner want a little cash for his people, I can 
now give it to him. 

I hope there is the strictest discipline kept up, that our friends 
may have no reason to complain of us. 

I make no doubt that you have a good lookout towards La 
Prairie. Should regular troops venture into those roads, I think 
your woodmen will give a good account of them. Should you 
have any accounts of their bringing artillery with them, it will 
be necessary to fell timber across the roads. 

Tell Major Elmore that I desire Lieutenant Sheppard, who 
acted as officer of marines on board of one of the vessels, may 
come this day to our camp— he being wanted here as an evi- 
dence with respect to Captain Smith. 

I would wish to see Major Brown, if he can be spared for a few 
days. 

I have taken your corned beef, which you shall be reimbursed 



20 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

for, with thanks. I wish for a return of the people under your 
command, particularly Major Brown's party, as, perhaps, there 
may be some missing. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Richard Montgomery. 
Col. Bedel, north side St. Johns. 

Camp south side St. Johns, Sept. 24, 1775. 
Sir : — It is impossible to send you a marque. Perhaps by ap 
plying to some of the regiments you are acquainted with you 
may get one. 

Mr. Fink will deliver you twenty half Johanneses, amounting 
to sixty-four pounds seven shillings, for which he has given his 
receipt. By the General's order, 

John Macpherson, Aid-de-Camp. 
Col. Bedel, north side St. Johns. 

Camp south side St. Johns, Sept. 25, 1775. 

Sir :— I send to acquaint you that the garrison have a consid- 
erable party bringing timber out of the woods not far from your 
advanced guard. We judge they are preparing to lay the ways 
for a vessel ready to be launched. Pray, don't let them carry on 
this work undisturbed. Their covering parties are regulars, I 
think. I have information from a prisoner, who was taken at- 
tempting to go into the fort on your side, that he carried verbal 
orders for the garrison to attempt an escape to Quebec. For 
God's sake, have an eye over them, and send an express to Allen, 
it he be not yet arrived. It might prevent the success of the 
Kennebec expedition, should this garrison get down safe. 

We have a battery of two twelve-pounders just ready to play 
on the ship-yards with hot shot. Our mortar-battery will be 
ready before night. 

I have just received yours by Mr. Livingston. I approve ex- 
ceedingly of your plan, if it can be done without risk of weaken- 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 21 

ing your present post, which might facilitate the escape of the 
garrison. If you go to Montreal, pay the utmost attention to 
good order. I am, sir, with earnest wishes for your success, 
Your obedient servant, 

Richard Montgomery. 

Col. Bedel. 

Camp near St. Johns, Sept. 28, 1775. 

Sir : — I have just been favored with yours. You do not tell 
me how many men you have. I should imagine you were suffi- 
ciently strong. However, I send you to-morrow, according to 
your desire, Easton's regiment. I shall send you money by that 
opportunity. You have nothing to do but send for money when 
you want it. This I have told you before. 

I don't know which is the oldest officer, you or Colonel Easton 
Should he be the eldest, you will impart to him all such instruc- 
tions as you have received. I would wish you to keep a good 
officer and party on the other side, to watch the garrison when 
they attempt to retire. It is much more probable they will 
march on that side than on yours, where the difficulties to en- 
counter are much greater. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Richard Montgomery. 

Col. Bedel, north side St. Johns. 

Camp near St. Johns, Sept. 29, 1775. 

Sir : — The young gentleman who brought up the rum to your 
post some days since, promised to get a quantity of necessaries 
for our men. When he arrives, or if they can be gotten at La 
Prairie, those who are absolutely in want of them must have 
them ; but it must be on credit for some time, or for Continental 
money, as the hard money must be kept to pay for provisions. 

You will please order your detached parties to send in their 
accounts soon, that I may see how money is laid out, for 
I think it goes away fast. Cannot Mr. Phelps discharge the 
contractor's business at all the posts, that I may have accounts 
on this head only with one person ? 



22 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

I must observe to you that I understood from you, at Ticon- 
deroga, that your men were completely equipped for the field. 
I do not know what footing the troops of your province are on. 
I shall, therefore, be obliged to make a charge against New 
Hampshire for any money advanced to them, till I shall have 
received instructions from the Continental Congress. 

If there are any stores still remaining of those taken by Major 
Brown let me have a return of them, that I may give orders for 
their distribution. 

I am, sir, with anxious wishes for your success, 
Your most obedient servant, 

Richard Montgomery. 

Col. Bedel, north side St. Johns. 

(ENDORSED.) 
The Canadians complain that your Commissary treats them 
roughly. The General desires that they may be kindly treated, 
and those employed supplied with provisions. 

John Macpherson, Aid-de-Camp. 

Camp near St. Johns, Oct. 2, 1775. 

Sir : — Last night I received yours. The cannon shall be ready 
this evening, if you will send a party for them to go down in the 
boat, as also the ammunition. They may go down with the 
greatest safety from the enemy. We had a whale-boat with a 
few men landed the other night at Mr. Robinson's house, and 
brought away the glass-doors— a proof that they had no look 
out on the water. 

The mutiny of the Canadians I treat as a joke, nor do I see how 
two pieces of cannon should change their minds, if it were so. I 
wait for a large mortar and a considerable reinforcement, to take 
post on a hill to the westward, with most of my artillery, in or- 
der to destroy their defences and make my approaches. The 
troops must now be on their way. 

The report of Arnold's arrival in Quebec seems to gain ground. 
I think it extremely probable. I imagine it will throw a damp 
on the people of Montreal. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 23 

Let a small party, if possible, be kept at Longueille. Do send 

me a keg or two of wine. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Richard Montgomery. 
Col. Bedel, north side St. Johns. 

Camp south side St. Johns, Oct. 4, 1775. 
Sir : — To the best of my recollection, I have already answered 
you on the subject of provision for the Canadians. Those who 
are our friends must certainly be supported. Any guns you can 
purchase you will deliver to such Canadians as may be depended 
upon, taking a receipt for the delivery of them. It will be neces- 
sary to be upon yourguard against imposition, otherwise a mar- 
may sell you his own gun and obtain it from you again by the 
intervention of a friend. Tou must therefore consult Captain 
Dugan or Mr. Livingston, or some other person acquainted with 
the parties concerned. You may send the sick you mention when 
you please. I wish you would send some rum and some wine for 
the sick. The expedition againstihe schooner did not succeed. 
I hope you got the boat our people let go down the rapids. 
I am, sir, your most obfdient servant, 

Richard Montgomery. 

Col. Bedel, north side St. Johns. 

La Prairie, Oct. 4, 1775. 

Sir : — After due regards, I have found but one hogshead of 
rum at this place for sale, which costs four livres per gallon by 
the hogshead, which is the highest price I ever gave for run; 
in my life ; but knowing the necessity of the army, I have 
bought the same. You know that I had no money when I left 
your camp — I am stayed as a pledge for the same. Please to let 
the General know it, and send me me some money by some good 
man, as I may never go off the ground until I pay for the same. 
Also army there want some supplies, and our camp will soon 
want. I am going to Longueille to buy some more rum, if I can 
find it. I shall be glad of haste in this affair, and you will 
oblige, Your humble servant at command, 

Col. Bedel. NOAH PHELPS. 



24 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

At Mr. Hazen's, opposite St. Johns,) 
October 5, 1775. j 

Dear Sir : — Just now arrived here a small reinforcement of 
Canadians, but no provisions. Flour we can make but little use 
of here ; and if we mean to open an intreachmect here, it will 
require twenty men at least to furnish us with bread, rum, &c, 
constantly. The Canadians are far from being content, and un- 
less they can be supplied with provisions they will drop off by 
decrees, and all my art will not prevail to make them stay. I 
beg you will pay attention to this and endeavor to furnish us 
with beef, bread, &c. 

You must be sensible it would be a dishonor to me to begin an 
intrenchment, battery, &c, and be obliged to quit it for want 
of provisions. Major Elmore promised me some camp-kettles, 
but has not been as good as his word. We have only two in the 
camp, and beg you will send us five or six, and you will oblige 
Your most obedient servant, 

James Livingston. 

Col. Bedel, below the rapids, St. Johns. 

Camp south side St. Johns, Oct. 5, 1775. 
Sir :— I send you by Captain Fossett £212 lis. Id., York money. 
You will pay for what shoes and stockings I have not paid for (I 
paid for those purchased by Thomas Dugan), and furnish Mr. 
Phelps with whatever money may be wanting. As for the £60 
you desire, I must tell you hard cash is very scarce, and I would 
therefore, be glad if you could defer giving your men any money. 
If they must have necessaries, supply them as sparingly as pos- 
sible, until we get more cash ; for if we have not ready money to 
pay for provisions, we shall be ill supplied. Take what you 
want on credit, if you can. I am surprised to hear the rum is 
expended. There was a great deal bought. I am afraid it is used 
too freely a great deal. Our situation absolutely requires it, but 
I must confess I am uneasy at such an expenditure. You have 
not sent any wine for the sick or the officers here. 
I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

Richard Montgomery. 
Col. Bedel, north side St. Johns. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 25 

Camp south side St. Johns, Oct. 13, 1775. 
Sir : — I have been just favored with yours, inclosing your re- 
turns, &c. I have great pleasure in telling you that your orders 
are those of an officer of experience and attention to his duty. It 
' is not your fault, I believe, that you have been frequently obliged 
to repeat them. But I must again observe that in your letter of 
the 6th inst. you have confessed that "several officers have re- 
fused giving an account of stores taken from the enemy. Those 
officers you should certainly have brought to justice. Your 
Commissary has also palpably disobeyed your order of the 2Gth 
September, where you forbid him to draw wine on any order 
but that of the commanding officer or doctor. It is to little pur- 
pose to give orders if offenders are not called to account. The 
ignorance of the common soldier may sometimes excite mercy, 
but the officer cannot plead in the same manner, and I am there- 
fore of opinion you should begin with him. The Commissary 
must be answerable for a great part of the wine to the public. 
It has not been disposed of according to your orders 91' my in- 
tentions. 

Be so good as to have the guard re-established at Chambli. 
It has not been taken away by my orders, as I recollect. 
I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

Richard Montgomery. 

Col. Bedel, north side St. Johns. 

Camp south side St. Johns, Oct. 26, 177">. 
Sir : — I have this instant been favored with yours, and am 
pleased to hear the nine-pounder and royals are arrived at your 
post, with the gin. Have you a place to land the cannon ? Let 
them be mounted, if you think they can be drawn to the battery 
on their own carriages. If that is thought difficult, a large sled 
must be made for that purpose, and the cannon must be drawn 
on the sled to the battery and there mounted. Consult Col. 
Mott on this matter. I shall send almost everybody from hence 
to your post. Indeed, I shall go myself. Mr. Phelps must be 
informed our numbers to be victualled at your post will be 
doubled at least. Some go to-day. Send some trusty Cana- 



26 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS. 

dians to take down two twelve-pounders this night. I would 
not choose to begin our works until we are well able to main- 
tain them. You know the distance is small, and no obstacle in 
the way. The garrison can he with us in fifteen minutes. Let 
there be plenty of fascines, plank for platforms, and sleepers. In 
short, let Col. Mott take care that nothing is wanting. To- 
morrow I hope to send a considerable corps of troops. Let Col. 
Campbell's stores remain at your post till further orders. I 
agree with you it will be expedient to disturb the enemy when 
we begin. 

If the works our people raised against Chambli be not al- 
ready destroyed, it should be done immediately. Write to the 
Commandant. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Richard Montgomery. 

Col. Bedel, north side St. Johns. 

Camp south side St. Johns, Oct. 27, 17"5. 
Sir :— I think it exceedingly necessary that General Wooster 
should be accommodated with a house. You will, therefore be 
so good as to have one got ready for him. I am told that which 
Major Elmore occupies is the most suitable. Should any re- 
pairs be found necessary, do let them be done immediately, as 
the General will be there to-day. 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

Richard Montgomery. 
Col. Bedel, north side St. Johns. 

GENERAL MONTGOMERY'S PROCLAMATION. 

November 15, 1775. 
The General embraces this happy occasion of making his ac- 
knowledgment to the troops for their patience and perseverance 
during the course of a fatiguing campaign. They merited the 
applause of their grateful countrymen. He is now ready to ful- 
fil the engagements of the public. Passes, together with boats 
and provisions, shall be furnished upon application, from the 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 27 

commanding officers of regiments, for such as choose to return 
home, yet he entreats the troops not to lay him under the nec- 
essity of abandoning Canada ; of undoing in one day what has 
been the work of months ; of restoring to an enraged, and 
hitherto disappointed enemy, the means of carrying on a cruel 
war into the very bowels of their country. Impressed with a 
just sense of the spirit of the troops ; their attachment to the 
interests of the United Colonies ; and of their regard to their 
own honor, he flatters himself that none will leave him at this 
critical juncture but such whose affairs or health absolutely re- 
quire their return home. 

He has still hopes, notwithstanding the advanced season of 
the year, should he be seconded by the generous valor of the 
troops, hitherto highly favored by Providence, to reduce 
Quebec, in conjunction with the troops which have penetraced 
by the Kennebec River, and hereby deprive the ministerial 
army of all their footing in this important province. 

Those who engage in this honorable cause shall be furnished 

completely with every article of clothing requisite for the rigor 

of the climate, blanket-coats, coats, waistcoat and breeches, one 

pair of stockings, two shirts, leggins, sacks, shoes, mittens, and 

a cap, at the Continental charge, and one dollar bounty. The 

troops are only requested to engage to the 15th of April. They 

shall be discharged sooner if the expected reinforcement arrives 

before that time. 

James Van Rensselaer, Aide-de-Camp. 

Montreal, Nov. 16, 1775. 
Sir : — You will proceed down the river with Lieutenant-col- 
onel "Warner's regiment and your own corps, keeping as close to 
the enemy as an attention to the safety of the troops under 
your command will admit of. The circumstances and situation 
of things must point out how you are to act. I have it much at 
heart to harass the enemy in their retreat, and if possible to get 
possession of any or all their vessels, especially that with the 
powder. All public stores, except ammunition and provisions, 
shall be given to the troops who take them. Above all, I am 



28 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS. 

anxious to secure the persons of the Governor and General Pres- 
cott, and also to release Mr. Walker, and any other prisoners 
who may be on board. 

Should the enemy be so fortunate as to pass the Sorel, you 
-will attend them at a convenient distance until you join Colonel 
Arnold, if that can be done. I 6hall follow with the artillery 
and main body of the army as fast as possible. 

If the enemy be passed the Sorel, Colonel Easton will embark 

his artillery and proceed along with you. I furnish you with 

cash for provisions, etc., for the use of the troops under your 

command. 

Your most obedient servant, 

Richard Montgomery. 

Head- Quarters, Montreal, December 4, 1773. 

Sir :— I am informed that St. Luke La Come is exceedingly 

ill, not able to cross the lake, therefore you will permit him to 

return to Boucherville. 

I am, sir, your most obedient humble servant, 

David Wooster, Brig. Gen. 
Col. Bedel. 

Ticonderoga, December 16, 1775. 

Sir :— When General Schuyler left this post he gave me the 
following instruction— "If the prisoners from St. Johns should 
not be able to reach this place by water, you will send to them 
to come on by land, leaving the baggage, with an inventory 
thereof, with the commanding officer at that post, to be for- 
warded as soon as it can." The above instruction related to the 
prisoners that have been already sent forward. To pursue the 
same method with those under your command, is as proper a 
mode as any I can recommend. Lake George is passable with 
boats. They are at present employed for important purposes. 

The committee from Congress left this post the first instant. 
I shall afford you all the assistance in my power, consistent 
with orders from General Schuyler. 

I am, sir, your very humble servant, 
Col. Timothy Bedel. JAMES HOLMES, Col. and Com. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 2i> 

Ticonderoga, December 18, 1775. 
Sir:— The batteaux are detained for the purpose of carrying 
the prisoners across Lake George, agreeable to your request; 
and other important business is omitted, which I have the Gen- 
eral's express commands to prosecute, if you intend to tread the 
path the General has chalked out. 

Please to make all dispatch possible, otherwise I cannot de- 
tain the boats, as I shall be answerable for disobeying the Gen- 
eral's orders: not only so, the boats will be frozen in. Your an- 
swer is earnestly requested. 

I am, sir, your very humble Servant, 

James Holmes, 

Col. commanding at this point. 
Col. Timothy Bedel, at Crown Point. J 

(By John Row, a Sergeant.) ) 

Ticonderoga, Dec. 20, 1775. 
Sir : — Yours of the 18th instant I received yesterday afternoon. 
The person who brought it tired his horse, is the reason why 
it came so late to hand. Three horse-sleds are all that are in my 
power. The roads are so bad that it is impossible for them to 
come till the lake is frozen over, that they can come on the ice. 
I am, sir, your humble servant, 

James Holmes. 

Col. Bedel, at Crown Point. 

War Office, Baltimore, Feb. 24, 1777. 

Sir :— Congress having received intelligence of the enemy's 
being reinforced in New Jersey very coniderably, it becomes 
absolutely necessary, both for the preservation of the army 
under General Washington, and to check the progress of our 
cruel and remorseless invaders, that he be joined immediately 
by all the forces which can possibly be procured. You have the 
resolve of Congress on that head, inclosed by direction of the 
Board of War, with which they request you will instantly com- 
ply, by sending all the men raised in your regiment. Let them 
bring what arms, blankets, and clothes they have or can by any 
means obtain, and the deficiency will be supplied at Philadelphia 
or Head-quarters. Let nothing delay your immediate march, 



-30 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

either by companies or parts of companies, as you can get them 
together, as the safety of our country much depends on the ex- 
ertions of its army at this trying period ; and it is hoped no care 
or pains of yours will be wanting, when all we hold dear and 
valuable demand them. 

I have the honor to be your very humble servant, 

Lieut. Col. Antill, * Richard Peters, Secretary. 

Boston, April 27, 1TTT. 

g IR • — I received your letter dated the 6th, which came to hand 
on the 20th, requesting a return of the company under my com-' 
mand, to which, sir, I send the same inclosed. I have enlisted 
ten men at Boston, which you will see in the return, who have 
gone to Peekskill and received their States 1 bounty. Colonel 
Crane says he will exchange them for men his officers enlisted 
at Gorsey and York, as soon as his arrival at camp. I think it 
likely I can enlist a considerable number more of men if I am 
furnished with money. I have received but six hundred dollars, 
and have borrowed one hundred and thirty since. My officers 
have received no money for recruiting. I let Captain-lieuten- 
ant Freeman have two hundred dollars of my recruiting money 
at Morristown, which makes me two hundred and twenty 
dollars out of my own money for recruiting. 

I have sent Mr. Jagur, one of my sergeants, with this return, 
and if you think proper I should tarry any longer on the recruit- 
ing business, send me your orders and four or five hundred dol- 
lars by him, and his receipt shall make me answerable for the 
money. 

I have not known of any appointment of one first-lieutenant and 
one second-lieutenant. Your appointment of them will satisfy me. 

Captain Mansfield sends his compliments to you, and has not 
time to write, as the bearer is waiting. The clothing is almost 
ready, and he expects to march on Friday. If you can purchase 
any flannel for waistcoats it would be better, for we can't get 

but one hundred. 

Sir, I am your humble servant, 

Jotham Drury, Capt. of Artillery. 
Col. John Lamb, N. Y. Artillery. 



OP THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 31 

Stanford, August 25, 1777. 
Gentlemen:— It may be remembered that I sent the expense of 
my raising a regiment of men to goto Long Island to disarm the 
tories by order of Congress, and at the same time I desired you, 
gentlemen, to let me know if there would be any wages allowed 
to the men that were raised for that purpose after engaged, until 
discharged by Congress; and Mr. Davenport told me it was your 
minds for me to send the pay bounty in, and you would consider 
the same as you should find it right. I have collected the pay-rolls 
in as good order as I could from the several captains, and have 
made out a regimental pay-roll from the same, and send both for 
your consideration. The time was but short they stood engaged; 
but the temper of soldiers is to not lose any time, and they are 
often troubling me about their pay for that service, so I should 
like it as a favor if you would let me know, as soon as you con- 
veniently can, whether you allow any thing or not. I thought it 
would not be worth while for me to come to Hartford, as you, 
gentlemen, could consider it as well without me as with me; and 
it would be some expense and trouble to come to Hartford ; and 
as for my own part, I want nothing for my time nor trouble 
while I was engaged. 

I am, gentlemen, your most obedient servant, 

David Waterburt, Jr. 

Continental Commissioners at ) 

Hartford, Conn. \ 

Albanv, Feb. 23, 1778. 

Dear Colonel : — The Marquis de La Fayette, who is ap- 
pointed to command an expedition into Canada, has something 
of importance to communicate to you, which he cannot do 
without seeing you. I am therefore in his name to request you 
would repair to Albany with all expedition, that the public bus- 
iness may not suffer by any delay. 

I am, dear colonel, your humble servant, 

Robert Troup, 

Aid-de-Camp to Major- general Gates. 
Col. Bede, commanding at Coos. ) 
(By express) ) 



32 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Camp, Valley Fokge, April 15, 1778. 
Sir :— Having had a personal interview with Capt. Lenox, you 
may depend on his being among the first of those who are here- 
after exchanged. I ought to have announced your exchange to 
you long ago, as it has taken place ever since January last, but 
my attention has been so taken up with the greater distresses 
our unhappy prisoners, that it slipped my memory, except 
putting it in general orders. 

The inclosed will be the most convincing evidence of the trans- 
action, on which I heartily congratulate you. 

I am, sir, your very humble servant, 

Elias Boudinot, Com. Gen. Prisoners. 
Capt. Alexander Graydon, 1 
3d Pa. Reg't. j 

War Office, November 9, 1778. 

Gentlemen :— Capt. Baldesqui, Paymaster to Pulaski's Le- 
gion, is very necessary to the General in carrying on the detail of 
his corps. He has written very pressingly for Capt. Baldesqui's 
joining him ; but this caonot be done, as he is waiting for the 
settlement of his accounts, which have been presented to you 
for that purpose. 

You will see by the resolves of Congress for raising this corps, 
what articles Gen. Pulaski was to find at a stipulated price. His 
Legion was received by order of Congress, and in general these 
articles had been provided. If there are any papers in our pos- 
session which will be necessary for your information, they shall 
be sent to you; and I am to request that, if not inconsistent 
with your other engagements, you will be pleased to dispatch 
Capt. Baldesqui, who now makes a demand for another advance, 
which the Board do not think it right to recommend until they 
are satisfied by your certificate of the expenditure of the sums 
already received. Gen. Pulaski says it was impossible for him, 
from the rapid rise of prices, to comply with his engagements to 
Congress; and therefore provided the articles enumerated at the 
current prices, and agreeably to this the accounts are made out. 
You will judge of the propriety of this. 

I am, with great respect, your obedient servant, 
Commissioners of Accounts. RICHARD PETERS. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 33 

Elizabethtown, Dec. 20, 1778. 

Sir :— Mr. Lewis Johnston Costigin, of the city of New Bruns- 
wick, N. J., was appointed a first-lieutenant in the first regi- 
ment of Jersey, in the year 1775, and served in said regiment 
until the new arrangement for the eighty-eight battalions, when 
he was again continued as first-lieutenant, and taken prisoner 
and remained so for upwards of two years, in which time he 
was left out in the new arrangement of the army. And I like- 
wise certify that he has not drawn either pay or rations in the 
first Jersey regiment from his last appointment, from the 13th 
day of November, 1776, to the 18th day of December, 1778, in- 
clusive; as witness, 

Mathias Ogden, Col. 1st N. J. Reg't. 

[No Address.] 

Philadelphia, Jan. 31, 1779. 
Sir :— -You will receive, herewith inclosed, a copy of an act of 
Congress of the 30th inst., directing the Paymaster of the Board 
of War to transmit to you a certain sum of money for the cur- 
rent expenses of the army. 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

John Jay, President. 
Col. Wm. Palfrey. 

Yobktown, March 27, 1779. 
Gentlemen :— By a resolve of Congress, I am ordered to 
South Carolina with my Legion, and to leave Capt. Baldeequi, 
Paymaster of the Corps, to settle my accounts with you con- 
cerning said corps. Some receipts were lost in the hands of 
Lieutenant-colonel Boze, who has been killed at Egg Harbor ; 
but I hope that will make no great difficulties, being persuaded 
you do depend enough on my honor to pass over such"matter. 
I hope also you will be kind enough to dispatch Capt. Baldesqui 
as soon as you possibly can, and I will remain, with much grati- 
tude and esteem. 

Your most obedient and very humble servant, 

C. PuLASKi, r General. 
To the Gentlemen Auditors of the ) 

Army, Esquires, at Camp. ) 



34 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

War Office, April 19, 1778. 
Sir : — At the request of Capt. Baldesqui, I now inclose for 
your inspection a copy of the payments made to Count Pulaski 
and himself, for the pay and other expenses of the Legion, 
amounting to 133,500 dollars ; the charges in the abstract will 
show the purposes for which the sums respectively were ad- 
vanced. The last sum of 35,000 dollars was paid only a few 
days ago to General Pulaski for the recruiting services of his 
Legion. It will therefore be out of the power of Capt. Bald- 
esqui to account at present for the above sum, he having had 
no returns from the General that show how it has been ex- 
pended. I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant, 
Auditors of Accounts. Joseph Carleton, Secretary. 

Philadelphia, May 15, 1779. 
Gentlemen : — The accounts of General Count Pulaski and 
Capt. Baldesqui have been carefully examined, amounting to 
105,111** dollars, and compared with as many vouchers as are 
produced ; but as many are wanting — such as muster-rolls and 
receipts for several articles, and some articles for large sums 
are guessed at, as will appear by his remarks herewith, — I find 
that I cannot settle said accounts, they not being agreeable to 
the resolves of Congress and orders of the Board of Treasury. 
It appears that the General and Paymaster have received at 
sundry times 181,286 dollars. The General, in a letter to the 
Auditors of the 27th of March, mentions that some receipts 
were lost by Colonel Boze, who was killed at Egg Harbor, but 
hopes that will make no difficulty, as he is persuaded we shall 
depend on his honor to pass over that matter. 

The accounts of Capt. Baldesqui, amounting to 44,706*J dol- 
lars, are not agreeable to the resolves of Congress or Board of 
Treasury — he having not produced any receipts for either officer 
or private , instead of which, he produces certificates at the 
bottom of each account, that the account is true and exact, and 
that the amount of each has been paid by his Paymaster— from 
xll which it appears that these accounts as rendered cannot be 
settled. James Johnston, Auditor. 

Board of Treasury. 



t 



^ 1150523 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 35 



Philadelphia, July 28, 1779. 
The Honorable Gentlemen, Members of Congress : 

I went to Camp a few days after General Count Pulaski's de- 
parture for South Carolina, for the purpose of settling the ac- 
counts of the Legion with the Auditors of the Army, according 
to the resolution of the honorable Congress. 

The Auditors told me they had so much business in hands at 
that time that they did not believe they could be able to look 
over said accounts before three weeks or a month , in conse- 
quence whereof I determined to go to Boston, as I had some 
business there. I gave to said Auditors all the papers I received 
from Count Pulaski concerning the Legion, together with all 
the payments made by me to the officers and privates, and told 
them we should settle at my coming back. 

I happened to be sick during my stay at Boston, which obliged 
me to be absent longer than I thought I should have been ; and 
found at my arrival at camp the Auditors had already visited the 
accounts, and made such report to the Treasury Board as to in- 
duce you, gentlemen, to pass a resolve, which has since been pub- 
lished in the newspapers, which seems greatly to my disadvan- 
tage. 

General Count Pulaski had begun his expenses for his Legion 
three months before I was appointed in it, and at that time 
almost all the business had been done by him, or some of the 
officers of his corps, who were so negligent as to lose several 
vouchers, which are now missing. This is a thing, gentlemen, I 
cannot help. Count Pulaski confesses it himself by a letter he- 
wrote to the Auditors of the Army, which letter I delivered 
them; and besides this, I add here a general receipt from Count 
Pulaski, by which he does acknowledge I have given him an 
exact account of all the sums whatever I received for him, by 
order of the honorable Congress, during all the time I have- 
been appointed in his corps. 

This is, gentlemen, the present situation of the accounts of 
the Legion; and though some of the vouchers have been lost, 
they are true and as exact and regular as I could possibly make 
them. I am furthermore certain that Count Pulaski has laid 



36 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

out for the Legion at least fifty thousand dollars of his own 
money, which are not mentioned in his accounts. However, 
gentlemen, should the regularity with which public business 
ought to be transacted not permit you to fully trust Count 
Pulaski's honor, in respect of the vouchers which have been 
lost, please to order the accounts to be settled in the manner you 
will think it the most right and best; and as to the deficiency, 
whatever that shall be found in the said accounts, I know Count 
Pulaski well enough to be certain that he will pay it as soon as 
he will be informed thereof. 

As to my own accounts concerning the payments made to the 
officers and privates personally by me, the Auditors of the 
Army pretend also they are not regular, because I did not take 
a receipt from each of the privates to whom money was ad- 
vanced. This might have been done very easily, but I did not 
think it was necessary nor very regular, because the greater 
part of them could not write their names. I therefore chose to 
keep their accounts as we are accustomed to do it in France — 
that is, to pay the troops in the presence of the captain of each 
company, and to make him certify the pay-rolls, together with 
the colonel and the general, which has been strictly done. 

I hope, gentlemen, you will consider that a foreigner cannot 
be acquainted with the customs of your country as well as 
yourselves, and you will please to take the necessary steps so as 
the Auditors of the Army may settle my accounts on the foot- 
ing they now stand. 

I am in hopes, also, gentlemen, that by a future resolve of 

Congress the effect of the former may be annulled. I mean 

that of the 10th of June, which I suppose was made through mis- 

take,since it may induce the public to think I have misbehaved. 

I am, gentlemen, your most obedient servant, 

J. Baldesqui. 

Treasury Office, "Aug. 3, 1779. 
Gentlemen :— The Board have received your letters of the 
29th May, and 10th and 14th of July last, with their several in- 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 37 

closures. In answer to them I am instructed to inform you 
that the accounts of Mr. Kennon, Paymaster to the 6th Virginia 
regiment, must be settled with you, as there are no Continental 
Auditors in Virginia. 

The Board are extremely sorry that any of the regimental 
Paymasters should be so lost to a sense of duty to the public 
and their own reputations as to resign before they have settled 
their accounts. You are to call upon them to join the army 
immediately, in order to adjust them with you ; and if they 
neglect to attend for that purpose, their names will be reported 
to Congress as defaulters. 

The Board natters themselves that this evil will be prevented 
in future, as the Commander-in-chief will not accept their resig- 
nations without certificates from you of their accounts being 
settled. 

The inconveniences arising from the allowance granted to of- 
ficers for purchasing drums, fifes, and cockades, are unavoid- 
able. Justice requires that they should be reimbursed. The 
Board, therefore, think proper to leave you at liberty to make 
such allowances for those articles to officers whose accounts are 
adjusted, as particular circumstances may render expedient. 

It is the opinion of the Board that the officers sent to super- 
intend the hospitals are comprehended in the resolve of Con- 
gress allowing three dollars per day to officers on command, not 
incidental to their duty, and are of course entitled to the same 
allowance. 

The Board are desirous that the pay of the clerks in your of- 
fice should be adequate to their services, but recommend it to 
them to wait till the first of October next, when it is hoped the 
value of the money will be more fixed, and a regulation take 
place upon just and equitable principles. 

As the expense of horses and forage at this time is enormous, 
applications for horses on long marches should be made to the 
Commander-in-chief. 

I inclose you an act of Congress of the 29th ult., and an order 
of the Board of this day, together with a copy of a memorial to 



38 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Congress of Capt. Baldesqui, respecting his accounts as Pay- 
master to Count Pulaski's Legion, and also the accounts of 
Count Pulaski for money he has advanced to the Legion — which 
several papers I transmit you for your government in settling 
said accounts. 

I am, gentlemen, your most obedient and very humble servant, 
Robert Troup, Secretary. 

Messrs. Johnson and Bo well, Auditors. 

Providence, August 24, 1779. 
Sir :— Capt. Travers is returned from Philadelphia, and will 
soon be with you, after he shall have seen the new French Am- 
bassador at Boston. I beg you will send him again into Canada 
and endeavor that no private dissensions obstruct the service. 
I am. convinced of your zeal in our cause, and wish to have it 
in my power to prove to you that I am with sincerity, 
Sir, your most obedient humble servant, 

Horatio Gates. 

To Col. Bedel, at Coos. 

Morristoavn, Jan. 2, 1780. 

Dear Sir:— By this conveyance you have my monthly ac- 
counts for November and December. The balance is much less 
than what appears in the return — having advanced to several 
Paymasters and other persons, by the general orders, about 
120,000 dollars, in part of warrants which I design not to charge 
before the whole are paid. This reduces the real sum on hand 
to about 150,000 dollars— a sum which makes but a small figure 
in this office, and evinces the necessity of a further supply, as 
the troups are now four months in arrears, three of which I de- 
sign to pay on the arrival of the money I have lately requested. 
I am, dear sir, yours sincerely, 

John Piebce, Dep. Pay. Gen. 

Jonathan Burrall, Asst. Pay. Gen. 

Philadelphia, Jan. 3, 1780. 
Gentlemen :— I inclose you a copy of a warrant which the 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 30 

Board of War have this day drawn, for 150,000, dollars which I 
cannot answer without a further supply. As I have not more 
than 50,000 in hand, I should think it best that a warrant be 
granted for at least 200,000 dollars, as the remainder will un- 
doubtedly be wanted before the end of the month. 
1 have the honor to be, gentlemen, 
Your obedient servant, 

J. Burrall, Asst. Pay. Gen. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Philadelphia, Jan. i, 1780. 
Sir :— Yours of the 14th of'November to Colonel Palfrey came 
to my hands in his absence. 

Isent you under the care of Mr. Coffing, 150,000 dollars. You 
will be pleased to send Colonel Palfrey a receipt, as usual. 

The many pressing demands on the treasury has prevented 
me from obtaining the money earlier. As there" is but one man 
to carry the money, I cannot send the books you requested. I 
should think you would not need any, except one to enter the 
monthly returns in, as they are entered in this office. On the 
receipt of your returns, it is not expected, and indeed there can 
be no advantage in your keeping a waste-book and ledger. 
The Deputy Paymaster-general at camp does not keep any. I 
have not yet received any returns from you. I shall expect 
them on the return of the bearer of this. 

I am your obedient servant, 

J. Burrall. 
John Boremam, Esq., } 
Dep. Pay. Gen. at Fort Pitt, j 

Philadelphia, Jan. 5, 1780. 
Sir: — You will herewith receive one million of dollars, for- 
warded under the care of Messrs. White, Gray, and Hunt, escorts. 
The demands on the treasury have been so pressing, and so 
many warrants waiting, that I have not been able to procure 
the money sooner, although the warrant for it was granted the 
12th December. I likewise send you my account of advances 
in December. 



40 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

The discharged privates were paid in certificates from the 
Regimental Paymasters, and it is probable they will not be in- 
cluded in the rolls. If so, it will save you the trouble of making 
the stoppage. I have not yet received your return for Novem- 
ber, and have concluded it must have miscarried. The 
Board of Treasury have ordered Mr. Reed to repair to Peeks- 
kill or "West Point. They tell me they shall send a copy of the 
order to his Excellency or to you by this opportunity, to be 
forwarded to him. 

I am, sir, your humble servant, 

J. BURRALL. 
John Pierce, Esq. 

Philadelphia, Jan. 7, 1780. 

Sir :— I forwarded you two millions on the 22d ult., under 
the care of an escort, by whom I also sent the Journals of Con- 
gress from the 1st of January to the 26th August, 1779, which I 
believe contain all the alterations of pay which concern your 
department since the established pay of the army, per resolves 
of Congress of May 27, 1778. 

I have since received yours of the 27th of September and 10th 
of November to Colonel Palfrey, inclosing a receipt from Mr. 
Lucas. The money he has not delivered, and your returns. 

As you are considered Deputy Paymaster-general for the 
southern army, it makes no difference what State you are in, 
and there can be no necessity for your keeping separate accounts. 

No pay is yet fixed for any person in the Paymaster-general's 
department. We are assured it shall be honorable, and rely on 
the justice of Congress to make it so; and expect, whenever it is 
fixed, it will commence from May last. 

I now send you, per express, a draft on the Governor of South 
Carolina for two millions of dollars, which, together with the 
sum lately forwarded, I hope will be more than sufficient to 
pay all arrearages. You will please acknowledge the receipt of 
the draft by the return of the bearer. I likewise inclose you 
an account of money advanced to the troops who are ordered 
to your department, which you will be pleased to stop if they 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 41 

make their next settlement with you. When the General grants 
a warrant for a sum to be advanced for any special purpose, 
there can be no occasion for the Auditors to inspect it; but it 
should be entered in their books, as it is probable the person 
will account for the expenditure of it with them. 

The musters must always be delivered'' to you by the Regi- 
mental Paymasters with the pay-rolls, that you may compare 
them, and certify the sums due. They afterwards go to the 
Auditors to be examined ; and are both left, and the warrant 
only (in which the purpose for which it is paid should be speci- 
fied) left with you. This is the practice in the main army. By 
a resolve of Congress a certificate is necessary from the Deputy 
Paymaster-general where they received pay last, specifying the 
time to which the regiment has been paid ; but it has sometimes 
been dispensed with. Indeed, there cannot be much danger of 
a whole regiment drawing pay for the same month twice, as we 
cannot suppose all the officers who sign the different rolls would 
concur in it. With single persons, or small detachments, it 
ought not to be dispensed with if it can be avoided. 

Since writing the above, Congress have drawn on the Com- 
missioners of the Continental Loan Office in South Carolina for 
200,000 dollars, to be transmitted to you, which draft I likewise 
inclose you. 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

J. Burrall, Asst. Pay. Gen. 
Joseph Clay, Esq., ) 

Dep. Pay. Gen. Southern Dep't. \ 

Morristown, Jan. 8, 1780. 

Sir : — It is now seven months since I have had the appoint- 
ment as Deputy Paymaster-general to the main army, and dur- 
ing that time have not mentioned to the Congress that no al- 
lowance has been given me or my department. 

It is hard to sacrifice the best part of a person's life in a ser- 
vice where he is not certain what reward he shall receive, or 
that it will be equal to the sacrifices he makes, the attention he 
pays to the business, or its importance in the general scale. 



42 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Besides, in the choice of assistants, gentlemen, whose abilities 
and character will answer the importance of the trust, will 
rarely venture to leave a certain income for one which is un- 
known ; which, perhaps, may be less than what they would 
have reason to hope in any other station — for which reasons, I 
would wish that the pay of my department was stated, and 
that the advantages which shall accrue to us may be known, 
that I may be enabled to continue gentlemen already in the de- 
partment, and engage others which shall be equal to the busi- 
ness. 

The variety which passes through my hands is too great for 
the few employed, and I wish to have sufficient assistance to 
transact every part of it with the greatest exactness. 

I have observed a resolve of Congress, of December the 28th, 
that all letters to officers of the line and general officers, which 
come by post, should be free. I would wish to know if the 
gentlemen who are in the staff of the army were designedly ex- 
cluded. 

In the course of my business I am necessarily involved in con- 
siderable postage ; but independent of that, as I partake in 
common with the other officers in the public service, a distinc- 
tion held out between us implies a demerit somewhere, which 
I should be unwilling to own, and which I do not believe the 
honorable Congress ever intended. 

Having the most perfect reliance in the justice of the Con- 
gress, who, I do not doubt, will give every encouragement to 
the department which they merit, I would beg leave to sub- 
scribe myself, with the most perfect esteem and respect. 
Your Excellency's most humble servant, 

John Pierce. 

To the President of Congress. 

Morristown, Jan. 9, 1780. 

Dear Sir : — You may see by the inclosed letters, that his Ex- 
cellency has thought proper to have you pay the troops 
during this winter at West Point. It is supposed you have a 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 43 

sum of money on hand. I would be much obliged to know how 
much, a6 I am directed to furnish you with a small sum from 
my chest, to enable you to discharge the pay of the troops to 
the first of November. His Excellency particularly desires you 
to lose no time in coming to that post. The troops have suffered 
sufficiently, without the addition of want of money. I shall 
send you a number of warrants in favor of Paymasters in that 
department, as also an account of stoppages, as soon as I hear 
of your arrival. I have stopped the money you desired, which 
1 shall transmit to you at West Point. 

Your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

; Thomas Reed, Esq., Albany. 

Morristown, Jan. 12, 1780. 

Dear Sir :— The money which I received the other day was 
not sufficient to pay the troops for a longer time than the first 
of October — which payment has already exhausted the chest. 
His Excellency directed me to reserve 300,000 dollars for Mr. 
Reed, which I shall send him in a few days. Had the other 
million arrived with the last, it would have made the troops 
contented for considerable time; but now November and Decem- 
ber must be paid together, and I am fearful that the contingen- 
cies of clothing, recruiting, &c, will make it necessary that a lar- 
ger sum than has been requested should be sent. I wish, however, 
to have that forwarded as soon as possible, and to know when I 
may expect it, that the business may be regulated accordingly. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

J. Burrall, Asst. Pay. Gen. 

Morristown. Jan. 16, 1780. 
Sir : — By his Excellency's direction, I have sent in the 
care of Lieutenant Sherman 250,000 dollars, for the use of the 
troops under your command, to be delivered to Thomas Reed, 
Esq., Deputy Paymaster-general, who, it is expected, by this 
time has arrived from Albany. If he has not, I should take it 
as a particular favor if the money could be lodged in your care 



44 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

until his arrival. Our necessities are so great that a larger sum 
could not be sent from the department. It is hoped Mr. Reed 
has a sum on hand, which he will bring from Albany; and that 
both these will be sufficient to discharge the arrears of the 
army to the 1st of November, the time to which the troops are 
paid in this department. 

I am, sir, your most obedient humble servant, 

John Pierce. 

Major-general Heath. ) 

(By Lieut. Sherman.) j 

Morristown, Jan. 16, 1780. 

Dear Sir : — By Lieutenant Sherman you will receive 250,000 
dollars, which, with the sum you have already in hand, will 
enable you to pay to the 1st of November, the time to which 
the troops are paid in this department. 

I believe his Excellency expects you to pay on Major-general 
Heath's warrants. I waited on him for directions on that 
point, and his secretary informed me that the General thought 
that the best mode of preceedings. 

You will note that the subsistence lately given to the army 
does not include militia, who remain yet at 10 dollars. For that 
reason, I have enclosed the abstract and pay-rolls of Colonel 
Graham's regiment, being made out at 100. 

I have advanced 700 dollars to Major Hull, of the 8th Massa- 
chusetts regiment: the order on the Paymaster is inclosed, 
which you will oblige me to receive. 

I have in my hands, for stoppages made for you from Lieut- 
enant Betts, 110 dollars, Colonel Regnier, 290 dollars, and Cap- 
tain Sackett 2G0, which, when you receive Major Hull's, will 
remain a balance of 60 dollars due me. 

I" have advanced by his Excellency's warrant 10,000 dollars to 
Ensign Joseph Tucker, Paymaster of the 7th Massachusetts 
regiment, on account of the pay of the regiment, which when 
you stop, as well as any other money advanced by me, I should 
take as a particular favor to be informed, so that I may give 
the necessary credit on my books. I have made a memoran- 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 45 

dum of the alterations on the abstracts of the regiments for 

which warrants are granted, and now inclosed you, that the 

Paymasters may be acquainted with them, and rectify their 

copies. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Thomas Reed, Esq. 

Pay Office, Main Army, Jan. 18, 1780. 
Sir : — I have received an order from Joseph Nourse, Assistant 
Auditor-general, dated the 17th of December, ultimo, wherein he 
writes that the Board of Treasury have directed him to inform 
the Paymaster-general, that on the settlement of Colonel Don- 
ald Campbell's accounts, late Deputy Quartermaster-general in 
the northern department, by the auditors at Albany, he stands 
indebted to the United Stetes £553 5s. lid., New York currency, 
equal to 1383^ dollars, which balance is charged by the Auditor- 
general to his account. 

The Board direct that the Paymaster-general forthwith de- 
mand the same, and make report thereof to the President of 
the Board : in compliance with which I would be much obliged 
for your answer, that I may communicate the same agreeable 
to the above. 

I am, sir, with sentiments of esteem, 

Your most obedient servant, 

John Pierce, Dep. Pay. Gen. 
Col. Jeduthan Baldwin and ) 
Col. Donald Campbell. f 

Mokristown, Jan. 21, 1780. 

Dear Sir: — Yours of the 11th I have received. I am sorry 
you have to meet with so many difficulties in procuring money, 
which is much wanted here, as the chest is entirely empty, and 
a number of regiments remain unpaid for September and Oc- 
tober. I am now convinced that I shall want another sum for- 
warded to me before November and December can be paid. 

I have made the requisition you desire on Colonel Donald 



46 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Campbell and Colonel Jeduthan Baldwin. The latter has fav- 
ored me with an answer, a copy of which I inclose. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

J. Burrall, Esq., Philadelphia. 

Pat Office, Philadelphia, Jan. 21, 1780. 
Sir : — I received yours of the 12th inst., and forward you one 
million of dollars, agreeable to your request, under the care of 
Mr. Hunt and others, escorts, which I hope will be sufficient to 
pay the troops for November and December. Mr. Reed has yet 
a considerable sum on hand, which he will undoubtedly carry 
to Peekskill with him. I am not certain how much, but I be- 
lieve about 300,000 dollars. 

I am, sir, your humble servant, 

J. Burrall. 
John Pierce, Esq. 

Morristown, Jan. 28, 1780. 
Sir -.—Under the care of Captain Williams I send you 50,000 
dollars for the purpose of paying the Continental bounty to 
men enlisted during the war. 

The low state of the chest renders it impossible to part with a 
large sum. November and December being now due, I shall 
pay those months to this department in a few days. Perhaps it 
would be well for you to make an immediate return to Philadel- 
phia for what money may be wanting to pay to that time, as 
you cannot be furnished with any more from this chest ; and 
the sum you now have, we are fearful, will not be sufficient to 
discharge all the demands in the department. 

I am, dear sir, yours sincerely, 

John Pierce. 
Thomas Reed, Esq. 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, Jan. 20, 1780. 
Sir :— I wrote you the 22d ult., per escorts, who carried 200,000 
dollars for your department ; and the 7th inst., per express, in- 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 47 

closing two drafts — one on the Governor of South Carolina for 
2,000,000, and the other on the Commissioners of the Loan Office 
for 200,000 dollars ; and likewise an account of money advanced 
to the troops who are on their way to South Carolina. 

I now inclose you copies of two warrants for 350,000 dollars, 
advanced to General Woodford, for which he is to account with 
the Auditors in your department, as directed in the warrants. 

I beg the favor of you to give General Lincoln (or the Com- 
mander-in-chief in the department) copies of them, and likewise 
the Auditors for their direction in making the settlement. 
I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

J. BURRALL. 
Joseph Clat, Esq., Dep. Pay. Gen. 

Mobristown, Feb. 3, 1780. 
Sir :— Inclosed is my account for January, by which may be 
seen the low state of cash in the chest. There are several regi- 
ments yet unpaid, which will require near 300,000 dollars to 
complete the payment, without taking in the addition of cloth- 
ing and other occurrent demands. I wish therefore to have 500,000 
dollars sent me, by which I shall be barely able to satisfy those 
which are the most necessary and most urgent, especially the 
recruiting service; and, supposing an exchange takes place, 
some part of pay and subsistence of the officers who are pris- 
oners. As I am convinced the treasury is almost exhausted, it 
gives me pain to make so frequent and large demands for the 
department; yet the necessities of the troops, their sufferings 
and services, at least claim this attention, which makes me 
hope that this sum may be also granted and forwarded immedi- 
ately, especially when we consider that it must give a dissatis- 
faction to one part of the army to remain so far behind when 
the others are paid. There have been several advances by 
Colonel Palfrey to a James Lyman of the 4th Pennsylvania 
regiment. On comparing the payments with each other, it ap- 
pears he must have received twice for the same time. That it 



48 CORRESPONDENCE OE OFFICERS 

may be rectified, if a mistake has happened, I enclose you the 
account as it stands on Colonel Palfrey's advances. 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

J. Bcrkall, Esq., Philadelphia. 

Morristown, Feb. 8, 1780. 

Sir :— A warrant (No. 4910) for 24,958!;® dollars for the payment 
of the 4th Connecticut regiment for November and December, 
in favor of Lieutenant Charles Fanning, was lost by him and 
has never been found, since which he got another from his Ex- 
cellency of the same tenor, which I have paid. I should be glad, 
as some villian may present it to you for payment, you would 
detain it in your hands. 

I credited the public 300 too much, the 28th of January, for 
money which was received of Captain Moses White, Paymaster 
to Colonel Hazen's regiment, which you will please to notice, as 
I shall charge the public for it in my next account. 

I have made out an account of advances against those regi- 
ments gone to the Southern department. The stoppages were 
never made here, as they were never charged in the rolls. "Will 
you'superscribe my letter inclosing the account, and forward the 
same to the deputy in that department ? 

I wait with some impatience to hear from you if any more 
money is soon to be expected. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

j. Burrall, Esq., Philadelphia. 

Morristown, Feb. 8, 1780. 
g IR :_ Inclosed I transmit you several advances against the 
regiments of the Virginia and North Carolina lines, who have 
lately joined your department, for which stoppages are to be 
made on the settlement of their respective accounts. I suppose 
there are other stoppages against those lines; but as they were 
not prior to the department being placed on the present estab- 
lishment, I am not furnished with the accounts. 

I have the honor to be your most obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Joseph Clay, Fsq., Dep. Pay. Gen. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. Ad 

Morristown, Feb. 8, 1780. 
Sir :— I inclose you an account of advances against Colonel 
Moylan's regiment, which remain unsettled. Mr. Henderson, the 
Paymaster of the regiment, disputed the justness of the stop- 
page being made, as he had mislaid the pay-rolls, or left them 
at Philadalphia, which I conclude by this time he has been able 
to obtain, and the difficulty removed. I have inclosed also an ac- 
count of surplusage of clothing against the second Massachusetts 
regiment for 1777; also a bundle of accounts I received from Mr. 
Burrall last spring for spirits delivered at West Point, and or- 
dered to be stopped by General McDougal; but as his Excellency 
never directed it to be done, they remain unsettled. 

I remain your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Thomas Reed, Esq., New Windsor. 

• Morristown, Feb. 9, 1780. 

Sir :— As I conclude you are detained.by business from giving 
us the pleasure of your company in this town, and possibly 
may not have an opportunity this winter, I could wish you 
would do me the favor to send the warrants you have taken 
up for me by some careful hand, to whom I will deliver your 
receipt. 

I am about settling my accounts, and can proceed no further 
without those vouchers. The difficulty in obtaining money 
from the public treasury has occasioned my chest to be empty 
the greater part of the winter, for which reason I have been 
asked several times at head-quarters if that sum was returned. 

I make no doubt, sir, but yourself and Mrs. Hay are enjoying 

every happiness which results from integrity and virtue ; and 

can only add, that none among the circle of your acquaintance 

wishes more than myself for its continuance. You will please 

to present my best regards to your lady, and believe me to be, 

with sincerity, 

Your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Col. Udney Hay, Dep. Qr. Mr. Gen., ) 

Peekskill. j 



50 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, Feb. 9, 1780. 
Gentlemen : — I inclose you a copy of a letter from Mr. Pierce, 
who requests a further sum of 500,000 dollars to complete the 
payment of the main army to January 1st. I likewise inclose 
you a letter from Mr. Blount, Deputy Paymaster-general in 
North Carolina, who is out of cash. Benjamin Harrison, Dep- 
uty Paymaster-general in Virginia, informs me that his chest is 
also empty ; but the necessities of the two latter seem not to be 
very pressing. 

I am, gentlemen, with due respect, 

Your very humble servant, 

J. Burrall, Ass't Pay. Gen. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

New Windsor, Feb. 13, 1780. 

Dear Pierce : — I arrived here the 1st inst., and found at Gen- 
eral Heath's quarters 250,000 dollars, and a few days after I re- 
ceived per Lieutenant Williams 50,000 dollars. 1 have given 
General Heath a receipt for the first, and to Lieutenant Wil- 
liams one for the latter sum. This 300,000 dollars, with what I 
brought with me, is not sufficient to answer all the demands in 
this quarter. However, I will do the best I can. I have made 
a return to Philadelphia for the sum I think necessary to pay 
the troops their November and December pay, which I expect 
along in about a fortnight. 

My business is very brisk, therefore you must excuse this 
scrawl. The first leisure shall be more particular, only let me 
add, and I hope you will join me in my prayer, and that is, to 
implore the fates to blast the authors of my removal from Al- 
bany. Cursed at New Windsor is an equal curse, and I give 
it to them with all my heart. 

In haste, I remain yours sincerely, 

Thomas Reed. 
John Pierce, Esq. 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, Feb. 13, 17S0. 
Sir : — In the absence of Colonel Palfrey, who is gone to Bos- 
ton, I have regularly received your returns to the last of De- 
cember. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 51 

I should have answered your questions concerning the sub- 
sistence of the staff of the army, state troops, militia, &c, had 
Congress enabled me to do it ; but they have not yet extended 
the subsistence, allowed by the resolve of the 18th of August, 
to any but those specified in that resolve, except those men- 
tioned in the inclosed list. If by the state troops you mean 
those of the sixteen battalions, which were raised at the re- 
quest of General Washington, after the eight battalions formed, 
they are undoubtedly entitled to the same subsistence as the 
others. With regard to the militia, I can give no answer. 
Your very humble servant, 

J. BURRALL. 
Benjamin Stblle, Fsq. 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, Feb. 14, 1780. 
Sir : — I send you 500,000 dollars per Messrs. tSaxton and 
Hunt, escorts. I likewise send 75 quills, some wax, and the 
Journals of Congress to December 31, 1779. I wrote you yester- 
day by Mr. Hodgdon. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

J. Burrall. 

John Pierce, Esq. 



PAY Office, Philadelphia, Feb. 21, 1780. 
Gentlemen :— I inclose you a letter from Mr. Reed, Deputy 
Paymaster-general for the troops under the command of Gen- 
eral Heath, who requests 500,000 dollars to enable him to pay 
off the troops in that department. 

I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

J. Burrall. 

Honorable Board of Treasury. 

MORRISTOWN, Feb. 27, 1780. 

Sir :— Yours of the 8th ult. and 16th inst. are now before me 
I am obliged to you for attending to Colonel Campbell's letter 
and the stoppages. The following expenses for recruiting men 
during the war, I believe you have never had transmitted to 
you: 



52 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Sept. 80, 1779— Paid by Mr. Pierce to Patrick Bennett, for 
recruiting the 4th regiment of light-dragoons, to be ac- 
counted for by Colonel Moylan, $5,000 

Jan. 16, 1780— Paid by ditto to Colonel Benjamin Tupper, 
11th Massachusetts regiment, for recruiting, . . 4,000 

Jan. 7, 1780— Paid by Colonel Palfrey, Paymaster-general, 
to Lieutenant Henry Willis, of the 4th regiment of light- 
dragoons, for recruiting, 4,000 

Jan. 7, 1780— Paid by ditto to Lieutenant Larkin Smith, of 

the same regiment, for recruiting, .... 4,000 

Making in all $17,000 

I am your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

Wm. Bedlow, Esq. 

Morristown, March 1, 1780. 
Sir :— Since mine of the 8th ultimo, I have advanced money 
to the following persons in your department: 

Feb. 17, 1780— James Legar, 1st North Carolina regiment, 
for pay and subsistence from March 1, 1779, to January 23, 
1780, being then discharged, $195 

Feb. 28, 1780— Brigadier-general Hand, for Martin Medder 
and William Earles,pri vates in the 13th Virginia regiment, 
for pay and subsistence from May 1, 1778, to Nov. 1, 1779, 276 

Feb. 29, 1780— Major Oliver Towles, 6th Virginia regiment, 
a prisoner on parole, on account, ..... 1500 



Making in all $1971 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

Joseph Clay, Esq., Southern Department. 

Morristown, March 1, 1780. 
Sir : — By this conveyance you will receive my account cur- 
rent for February. I am now preparing to pay the army the 
two last months, which will require 1,500,000 dollars. This sum 



OP THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 58 

I wish to have forwarded before the end of the present month 
—your particular attention to which will oblige 

Your most obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

J. Borrall, Esq., Philadelphia. 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, March 1, 1780. 

Gentlemen : — By a resolve of Congress of the 29th May last, 
it was directed that returns should be made to the Paymaster- 
general of all money which has been advanced for the pay, &c, 
of the Continental army in the different departments, that the 
proper charges might be made in his books, in pursuance of 
which most of the accounts have been collected. But on ex- 
amining the general account of payments made by Mr.Trumbull, 
late Paymaster-general in the Northern department, which is 
lodged in this office, I find it does not in every instance par- 
ticularly specify the purpose for which the payment was made. 
I cannot therefore proceed to enter them in the paymaster-gen- 
eral's books until I can obtain the vouchers to his accounts, 
which are lodged in the Commissioners' office at Albany. I 
must therefore request that the Commissioners may be directed 
to forward them to this office as soon as possible. A further 
supply of cash is wanted for this office, as the chest is nearly 
empty, and there are demands on it daily. Two hundred 
thousand dollars will be sufficient. 

I have the honor, gentlemen, to be, with the greatest respect, 

your very humble servant, 

J. Burrall, Ass't Pay. Gen. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, March 2, 1780. 
Sir:— I received yours of the 5th ultimo about three weeks 
after the date, and made application to the Board of Treasury 
for the sum you request ; but the treasury being low, I could ob- 
tain only 300,000 dollars, which I send you, under the care of 
Messrs. White and Gray, escorts. I likewise send you some 
paper and sealing-wax. 

I am, sir, your humble servant, 

J. BURRALJj. 

Thos. Reed, Esq., New Windsor. 



54 ^ CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Philadelphia, March 14, 1780. 

Sir : — In the absence of Colonel Palfrey, who is gone to Bos- 
ton, I have regularly received your monthly returns to the 31st 
December, 1779, and duly noticed them. Your favor of the 10th 
ult. to Colonel Palfrey, requesting a supply of money to pay the 
troops under the command of General Seott, did not come to 
hand till yesterday. I laid it before the Treasury Board this day 
and have not yet had an answer; but as the treasury is very much 
exhausted, and the troops for whose pay you requested it (they 
conclude) have marched before this time, I rather think they 
will not spare any money for your department at present, as 
there are other demands more pressing. I will let you know as 
soon as I get their answer. 

I have advanced to Lieutenant Wyatt Coleman, of the 1st Vir- 
ginia State regiment, eight hundred dollars, on account of his 
pay and subsistence, by a warrant from the Board of War, which 
he, or the Paymaster of the regiment, is to repay into your 
hands. You will please receive the same and place it to the credit 
of the United States. 

I am your obedient servant, 

J. Burrall. 
Benjamin Harrison, Esq., ) 

Dep. Pay. Gen. in Virginia. ) 

Morristown, March 18, 1780. 
Gentlemen :— The military chest in the main army being al- 
most exhausted, I have to request a further supply of 1,500,000 
dollars for the purpose of paying the months of January and 
February, which are now become due. I could wish to have this 
supply as early as possible, and shall do myself the honor to 
wait on the Board this morning on the subject. 

I am, gentlemen, your most obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

(ENDORSED.) 

At a council of war, March 17, 1780— Resolved, That Jonathan 
Burrall, Esq., Assistant Paymaster-general, do immediately at- 
tend to the duties of his office in Walnut street. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 5f> 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, March 20, 1780. 
Gentlemen : — Mr. Pierce, Deputy Paymaster-general for the 
main army, informs me 1,500,000 dollars is wanting for the pay- 
ment of the troops for the months of January and February, 
which he requests may be forwarded to him as soon as possible. 
I have the honor to be, with the greatest respect, 
Your obedient servant, 

J. Burrall. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, March 20, 1780 
Sir : — I received your favor of the 29th January to Colonel 
Palfrey, acknowledging the receipt of 2,000,000 dollars, and my 
letter of the 22d December, which accompanied it, and inclosing 
your returns for November and December. I have since written 
you twice ; one on the 27th of Januar y, by express, inclosing two 
warrants in your favor, and the other on the 29th, by post, which 
1 hope you have received. 

I now enclose you three warrants of Congress, which I have 
endorsed to you; one of George Webb, Esq., Treasurer of the 
State of Virginia, for 1,200,000, another of the Governor of North 
Carolina, and the third on the Governor of South Carolina— the 
two latter for 900,000 dollars each. The Board of Treasury inform 
me that it is not expected that either of the States have suffi- 
cient money on hand to discharge the warrant immediately ;but 
it is their intention that the money which is raised in those 
States for the use of the United States, should be applied for the 
use of your department as soon as collected, for which purpose 
it was necessary that you should have warrants ready ; but it 
will be useless to send for it until you can obtain information of 
its being ready, when you will take such methods to get it for- 
warded as you shall judge most expedient. 

I shall write to the Governor of North Carolina and the Treap- 
urer of Virginia, advising them of such warrants being sent you 
and request them to give you the earliest notice when the money 
may be obtained, and I should advise you to do the same on 
your receiving the warrants. If any money is advanced by you 
to officers or others, who are acting in another department, on 



56 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

account of their pay, it is expected you will transmit an account 
thereof to the Deputy Paymaster-general of the department to 
which they belong, that he may make the necessary stoppage. 
It is undoubtedly expected that you should be accountable for 
the conduct of your assistants and clerks who are appointed 
by you. 

As to the pay that will be allowed them, I can say nothing, as 
no pay is yet fixed for any person in the Paymaster- general's de- 
partment. As soon as Colonel Palfrey arrives from Boston, I 
expect this matter will be adjusted— I hope, to the satisfaction 
of all who are employed in the department. In the mean time, 
you can advance your assistants some money on account of 
their present necessities, but not include it in your monthly re- 
turns until the pay is known. I inclose you a letter from the 
Deputy Paymaster-general of the main army, with his account 
ol money advanced to the Virginia troops, who are gone to 
your department. It is not probable that many of the persons 
charged in his account will settle, or be included in any settle- 
ment made with you. If any of them should, you will please 
to make the necessary stoppage, and credit it to the United 
States in your monthly accounts. It will be necessary to give 
the auditors an account of the money advanced for recruiting. 

It is contrary to an express resolve of Congress that any 
officer should receive pay in two capacities, except additional pay 
to paymasters, adjutants, quartermasters, brigade majors, &c. 

The infantry of Count Pulaski's Legion are to receive the same 
pay as cavalry. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

J. Burrall. 

Joseph Clay, Esq., Southern Department. 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, March 21, 1T80. 
Sir :— A warrant on your Excellency for 900,000 dollars was 
issued by Congress on the 16th inst., payable to my order, which 
sum is to be transmitted to Joseph Clay, Esq., Deputy Pay- 
master-general for the army under the command of General Lin- 
coln, for the use of the military chest in that department. As I 
was informed by the Board of Treasury that there was not a 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 57 

probability of there being a sufficient sum in the treasury of 
your State to answer it immediately, I have endorsed the war- 
rant and sent it to Mr? Clay, and must beg your Excellency to 
give him or General Lincoln the earliest information when the 
money or part of it may be obtained. 

I have the honor to, be your Excellency's most obedient ser- 
vant, J. Burrall, Ass't Pay Gen. 

His Excellency Richard Caswell, ) 

Governor of North Carolina. ) 

Philadelphia, March 25, 1T80. 
To the Congress of the United States. 

That your memorialist has been in the service of the United 
States as an Assistant Paymaster-general from the 10th day of 
February, 1776, to 1st June, 1779, since which he has had the 
honor to serve, by an appointment of Congress, as Deputy Pay- 
master-general for the main army. Your memorialist would beg 
leave to represent that, by reason of the depreciation of the cur- 
rency, the pay, while he was an assistant, became very inade- 
quate to his unavoidable expenses, by which means he has been 
obliged to involve himself considerably in debt, and has greatly 
impaired his private fortune ; that the pay and other allowances 
of his present appointments have never been stated either for 
himself or his assistants ; but he has served from that time, re- 
lying on the justice and generosity of Congress to give him the 
compensation which his services may be deemed to merit, taking 
from time to time such sums from the chest as were sufficient to 
support himself and his assistants in their expenses; by means 
of which he finds, as he is now closing the settlement of his ac- 
counts, the sum which he has taken is so large that he cannot 
compute the same without having the pay of his department 
stated, that it may be charged the public. Your memorialist 
would beg leave further to request that from the particular situ- 
ation of private affairs, as well as a willingness to retain in the 
service the gentlemen who have already assisted him in the busi- 
ness, a state of uncertainty at this time as to the allowances 
which are to be given the department, will be extremely dis- 
agreeable. 



58 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Tour memorialist would therefore request that the honorable 
Congress would take his case into their consideration, and grant 
him such allowance for his past services as they shall deem 
proper, and affix the pay and other allowances of his depart- 
ment, equal to the importance and weight of the business which 
passes through his hands. 

I have the honor to be your most obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, March 29, 1780. 

Gentlemen :— I received a line from Mr. Clarkson, returning 
a letter from Benjamin Harrison, Deputy Paymaster-general in 
Virginia, of the 10th of February, and directing me to make an 
estimate of money wanted to pay the troops in Virginia. 

As I do not know how many regiments General Scott's brigade 
consists of, I have nothing certain whereon to found an estimate: 
but by the best information I can get from tlie Board of War, it 
consists of three Continental regiments; besides, which, there are 
two State regiments, who, on their arrival in Virginia, were sub- 
ject to the orders of the Governor. 

The first of April there will be four months , pay due them, and 
if the whole five regiments are to be paid by the Continental 
Paymasters, it will require 200,000 dollars. 

I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

J. Burrall, Ass't P. M. Gen. 

Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Philadelphia, April 5, 1780. 

Gentlemen: — Understanding that my memorial to Congress, 
which was referred to your Board, has not been reported on, and 
that there is some hesitation as to its being determined upon at 
this time, I thought it might not be improper to lay before you 
some reasons in additiou to those in the memorial, which induce 
me to wish to have it settled ?ww, and the principles which may 
be adopted for that purpose. 

When the Congress made the appointments, they directed that 
the Board of Treasury should report the pay ; after which it was 
resolved it should be suspended until the 1st of October last, at 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 59 

which time Colonel Palfrey's was stated, and his allowance made 
without mine being fixed ; and having served almost a year with- 
out any thing, I think it is reasonable that mine should be known . 
My assistants being in the same situation, and on some accounts 
worse, are determined to leave the service unles they can receive 
their pay ; and it is extremely hazardous for me to advance them 
what of right they ought to receive, because, in case it is not al- 
lowed, I must refund it ; and it is as hard for them to serve with 
less than what they ought to have, as they have families to 
maintain, and their expenses run so high. Hitherto the fluctu- 
ation of our currency has rendered it improper that any estab- 
lishment should take place ; but now the resolution of Congress 
of the 18th ult. has fixed the standard, and the objection that the 
resolve has not yet been adopted by the several States, I think 
has no force, because that the recommendations of Congress 
with regard to finances at this time must be complied with, or 
our public credit ceases, and the common bond of our union will 
be dissolved. I hope, indeed, there is not a doubt in the mind 
of any person but that it will be complied with. We ought 
therefore to act and reason from so necessary a principle as 
granted. The department being disconnected from any other, 
an establishment of the pay of it cannot affect the others of the 
army, as the whole will soon be taken up on the same plan. 
They have, indeed, not the same reason to complain: theirs is, 
while mine never has been, stated. The campaign opening 
very soon, is an additional reason, because the duty of the office 
will require my presence at camp, and I cannot give my attend- 
ance here at another time ; and it is extremely disagreeable to 
confine one's self so constantly as the duty of the office requires, 
undergoing the solicitude of mind inseparably attending the pay- 
ment of so much money without knowing what are the advant- 
ages he shall receive. Indeed, I have a right to expect it shall 
be determined. I think that as several States are to make good 
the depreciation to their officers, or give some other equivalent 
satisfaction, or lose them, the same justice ought to begin to 
those under Congress, especially when they have been in my 



CO CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

situation, who have been so long in the service on a simple pay, 
and had no other advantages for a maintenance. I am, indeed, 
encouraged to expect this from the allowance already made to 
several of the officers of Congress. 

With regard to my present pay, I think, as the duty of the de- 
partment is more than twice as large as nearly all the other Dep- 
uties together on the continent, and the same in every other cir- 
cumstance as belonged to the Paymaster-general prior to the 
present establishment, which is now on a more extensive scale, 
that the pay and other allowances ought to be the same as given 
formerly to the Paymaster-general. 

In order that the fluctuation of the currency may not affect 
either myself or the public, I believe the most just and proper 
method would be to establish my pay in hard money, which I 
ought to receive in the currency of the United States at the value 
at which the same passes in exchange, or at the rate which shall 
be affixed by Congress. I conclude the late act of Congress 
states it at 40 for 1, at which rate it is very reasonable I should 
receive my pay, though much below the current exchange, as 
the money is considered of that value, and will probably be 
really so as soon as that act shall have an operation. 

The rations of the Paymaster general before the new arrange- 
ment, as well as of the several Deputies, were six per day. I do 
not apprehend any objection but that mine should be equal 
with theirs. 

The pay and rations of my assistants I wish may go on the 
above principles, being the same reasons for both. I have here 
asked for only the same as has been given before. It is hard for 
an individual to suffer in his private fortune for a depreciation 
while he is in the service. The pay at best is small, but the de- 
preciation has made it almost nothing ; and I desire to be placed 
on the same footing in my present pay as those who have gone 
before me in the business, the same service always deserving the 
same reward. 

The dignity of Congress requires that every officer of theirs 
should be on a respectable footing, and what I desire is nothing 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 61 

to what the Quartermaster's and Commissary's departments 
have received. 

I feel myself interested in the determination of your honorable 
Board. My love for the service, and my wishes to promote the 
public good as far as is in my power, make me wish to continue 
in the office, but I cannot, with justice to myself, unless I have 
a generous consideration for my services. 

I have the honor to be, gentlemen, your most obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, April 5, 1780. 

Sir : — I have obtained a warrant on George Brook, Esq., treas- 
urer of the State of Virginia, for 100,000 dollars, which I inclose 
to you for the use of your department. I fear you will not be 
able to get the money immediately, but as there is none in the 
treasury, your chest cannot be supplied in any other way. You 
will please acknowledge the receipt of this warrant by post. 
I am, sir, your humble servant, 

J. BURRALL. 

Benjamin Harrison, Esq. ) 
Dep. P. M. Gen. in Virginia. ) 

Philadelphia, April 6, 1780. 
Gentlemen: — I have received your favor of yesterday desiring 
an estimate of the expenses of the department in my care. There 
are three assistants necessary to transact the business under me. 
Their pay is forty dollars per month, and three rations per day 
when money was good. 

There are some contingent expenses in the department, which, 
as they are not the object of the present inquiry of the Board, 
are not necessary to mention. 

I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, April 7, 1780. 
Gentlemen :— I am under the necessity of requesting a sup- 
ply of money for the military chest at West Point. The troops 



62 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

in that department have pay due them from the 1st of November, 
and the last sum of 300,000 dollars which was sent there will be 
chiefly expended in paying the arrears of clothing and bounty 
to men who have enlisted "for during the war." 

It will require at least 800,000 dollars more to pay the troops 
to the last of February. 
I have the honor, gentlemen, to be your obedient servant, 

J. Burrall. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Philadelphia, April 9, 1780. 
Gentlemen :— I imagine there will be about seven millions of 
dollars expended in my department for the present year. The 

army being diminished, it will not take so much hereafter. 

per cent, will be little enough for the maintenance of myself 
and assistants, with two rations per day for myself and one for 
each of the assistants, and keeping for my horses. 

The public, I expect, will provide the incidental charges of the 
department, such as expenses, transportation, necessaries for the 
use of the office, &c. 

I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Philadelphia, April 10, 1780. 
Sir :— I have unfortunately been detained here much longer 
than I expected, and without the consolation of success in my 
business. On my arrival, I made a return for a million and a 
half of dollars to pay the army for January and February, and 
have received only 500,000 dollars, being the whole that was in 
the treasury ! This sum I have now forwarded , as I am informed 
the Maryland division are marching, and will probably want 
their pay. 

I am sorry that I have no reason to expect a further sum in 
any short time. I shall have the pleasure to breathe camp air 
in a few days. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

Col. R. H. HAUKISON. 



OP THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 63 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, April 12, 1780. 

Gentlemen : — Captain Schott, who commands an independ- 
ent corps stationed at Wyoming, is waiting in town for their 
pay, which is due from September last, and amounts to more 
than I have on hand. Having lent Mr. Carleton 40,000 dollars 
at the request of the Board of War, I have been in daily expecta- 
tion of receiving it from him, which would have prevented this 
application, but he now informs me that there is no probability 
of his being able to repay it soon. I must therefore request the 
honorable Board to grant a warrant for 50,000 for the use of the 
chest at this place, there being several other demands besides 
Captain Schott's. But if that sum cannot be spared, I should 
be glad of 20,000 dollars, which will be sufficient to pay him. I 
hope this last sum at least may be obtained, as Captain Schott's 
returning without the money would occasion much uneasiness 
in the corps, who have six months' pay due ; and the expense 
of another journey from Wyoming would be considerable. 

I have the honor to be, gentlemen, your obedient servant, 

J. Burrall, A. P. M. Gen. 

Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Philadelphia, April 18, 1780. 
Gentlemen :— I would beg leave to observe to the honorable 
Committee of Congress that the pay of the Deputy Paymaster- 
generals at first was 50 dollars per month and 6 rations, equal 
to a Colonel's ; that in January, 1777, a Colonel's pay being 
raised to 75 dollars, the Deputies were made the same. As the 
depreciation continued in that year the pay was enlarged. The 
ideas of Congress, I conclude, were to keep the pay and other 
allowances equal to a Colonel's, and which is perhaps the most 
just and proper mode to be established now ; but as the office 
which I now hold was not then created, a new rule ought to be 
adopted in my case. On inquiry into the duty and importance 
of the office, you will find it the same, in every circumstance, as 
formerly fell to the share of the Paymaster-general ; and I 
would ask if nearly the same allowances as were formerly given 
him ought not to be made me ? His pay at first was 100 dollars 



64 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS. 

per month ; some time in 1777 it was raised to 150. Cannot that 

serve as a foundation to reason from ? And is it not reasonable 

that the same duty should receive the same reward ? 

I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant. 

John Pierce. 

Hon. Committee of Congress. 

Philadelphia, April 22, 1780. 
Gentlemen : — If the regiments in the service will hereafter 
be as strong as they have been, their pay will be about 3,000 
dollars a month, and their present subsistence about 7,600 dol- 
lars. The Maryland line being marched, there remains in the 
main army 35 regiments. As to the contingencies of the de- 
partment, it is impossible to determine the sum which will be 
paid, as they depend, except the pay of the General Staff, on 
unforeseen circumstances. 

I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, April 27, 1780. 

Gentlemen : — The Board of War have directed me to make 
application for 230,000 dollars to pay two warrants which they 
have drawn on me this day ; one in favor of Major-general 
Baron De Kalb for 200,000 dollars, for the purpose of defraying 
the expenses of the Maryland troops on their march to the 
southward, and the other in favor of Major Lee for 30,000, to 
defray the expenses of his corps. 

These warrants the Board of War desire may be paid as soon 

as possible, that the troops may not be delayed in marching. 

I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

J. Burrall. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, May 3, 1780. 
Gentlemen :— I have lately received a letter from Mr. Bore- 
man, Deputy Paymaster-general at Fort Pitt, requesting a fur- 
ther supply of cash to pay the troops in his department. There 
are at that post two regiments and three independent corps, the 
monthly pay of which will amount to about 30,000 dollars. The 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 65 

troops are so much in arrears that 150,000 dollars will be neces- 
sary to pay them to the usual time, and I must request you will 
report, a warrant for that sum. The Board will also be pleased 
to report a warrant in my favor for 500,000 dollars to answer the 
drafts of the Board of War. There are now lying in my office 
two drafts from them ; one in favor of the Baron De Kalb for 
200,C00 dollars, and another in favor of Major Lee for 30,000 
dollars. These sums are greatly wanted to forward the march 
of the troops destined for Carolina. 

I would also beg leave to repeat my request that the Board 
would take some effectual measures that I may be furnished 
with the accounts and vouchers which have been settled by the 
Deputy Paymaster-general, and lodged in different offices, with- 
out which it will be impossible for me to complete the public 
books in the manner prescribed by the resolve of Congress 
passed May 29, 1779. I am particularly in want of the vouchers 
of Mr. Trumbull's accounts, which were settled with the Com- 
missioners at Albany, and lodged in their office. These gentle- 
men have been repeatedly applied to, but have constantly re- 
fused to send them, by which means the business of my office 
has been retarded and great loss may accrue to the public by 
the Auditors of the Army not being seasonably supplied with 
the proper accounts, which cannot be completed until all the 
vouchers necessary for forming them are deposited in my office. 

I would further beg leave to submit to the Board the pro- 
priety of continuing a Deputy at the two posts of Rhode Island 
and Boston. There are no Continental troops at the latter 
place except a few invalids and at the former only a few State 
troops. The distance between Providence and Boston being 
only forty-five miles, one person could certainly do the business 
of the whole. 

I have the honor to be, with great respect, your obedient 
servant, J. Burrall. 

Honorable Board of Treasury. 



66 CORRESPONDENCE OP OFFICERS 

Morristown, May 6, 1780. 

Sir : — I arrived here yesterday evening, nothing material oc- 
curring on my journey. I find the greatest want of money 
among the officers and soldiers, and could wish for the satisfac- 
tion that exertions may be made to obtain a supply. By the 
estimate annexed, you will see what sum will be sufficient to 
pay from the 1st of January to this day, being at least 1,500,000 
dollars. 

Perhaps some favorable circumstance may enable you to ob- 
tain the money, which I would forward as soon as possible. 

Estimate of pay and subsistence of the main army from 
January 1 to May 1, 1780. 

35 regiments at 11,000 for 4 months, . . . 1,540,000 

Contingencies will amount to 150,000 

1,690,000 

Balance remaining on hand, per account ren- 
dered for April, 228,621 

Money paid to the Quartermaster-general's 
department, by his Excellency's desire to 
be returned, 30,922 

197,699 

Wanting to pay the army . . . 1,492,301 
I am, sir, with respect and esteem, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Wm. Palfrey, Esq., Paymaster -general. 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, May 9, 1780. 
Gentlemen :— Agreeably to the direction of the honorable 
Board, signified by the Secretary, I now inclose you an estimate 
of the sum necessary for the pay of the army to the period you 
mention, as nearly as I can ascertain it from the information I 
have received of their numbers. The Board perhaps are not 
informed that the returns of the army do not come officially 
before me, neither can I procure them from the Board of "War, 
unless by a positive resolve of Congress for the purpose. There- 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. b7 

fore all estimates furnished by me must be very vague and un- 
certain. The order on the Loan Office in Boston cannot be 
procured in less than three weeks or a month, even if the money 
should be ready there, and I should be very glad to be informed 
by your honorable Board in what manner and under what es- 
cort it is to be sent to camp. 
I have the honor to be, with the highest respect, your obedient 

servant. 

William Palfrey, P. M. Gen. 

Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, May 10, 1780, 

Sir :— Inclosed I send you a draft on John Lawrence, Esq., 
treasurer of the State of Connecticut, for 864,836 dollars, to pay 
the arrears of the troops in your department. The great diffi- 
culty of obtaining money has been the occasion of this supply 
being delayed. I therefore hope you will lose no time in getting 
the amount of this draft from Connecticut. 

In the month of February you made a stoppage from the 7th 
Massachusetts regiment, the amount of which, nor the person 
by whom advanced, do not appear on your returns, which mode 
of stopping is directly contrary to your instructions. Instead 
of deducting from the pay-rolls and charging the balance, you 
should charge the whole pay-roll, and give credit for the stop- 
page made. This rule you will please strictly to observe in future. 

I am sorry that I am obliged to frequently to complain of 
your want of punctuality in forwarding your monthly returns. 
You are now in arrears for March and April, which I beg you 
will send by the first opportunity. I am very confident that 
the business of your office is not so great as to prevent you mak- 
ing your returns regularly at the end of every month. 

I beg you will present my compliments to Mr. Bedlow and 
his worthy family. It has not been in my power to send him 
the red cake-ink he requested. 

I am, sir, you most humble servant, 
Thomas Reed, Esq. | WILLIAM PALFREY. 

Dep. P. M. Gen., New Windsor. 



,\ 



68 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, May 11, 1780. 

Gentlemen :— Mr. Hillegas is indebted to me 10,000 dollars, 
balance of a warrant granted in my favor for the purpose of 
answering the drafts of the Board of War. He has j ust informed 
me that there are 16,000 in the hands of Mr. Smith, Continental 
loan officer, arising from the sale of bills of exchange, which he 
cannot appropriate to the payment of my balance without the 
particular direction of your honorable Board. 

As the money is extremely wanted for the purpose for which 

it was granted, I must request you will be pleased to give to Mr. 

Hillegas directions accordingly, and I am, with the greatest 

respects, gentlemen, 

Your obedient servant, 

William Palfrey, P. M. Gen. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, May 13, 1780. 
Gentlemen :— The Secretary of your honorable Board ac- 
quainted me that warrants have been reported in my favor for 
2,000,000 dollars, accompanied with a request that I would "in- 
form them when it shall be in my power relative to their pay- 
ment. 11 As the Board have not acquainted me with the particular 
offices or States on which the warrants are drawn, it is outof my 
power at present to give a proper answer to the question. I 
will do myself the honor to wait on the honorable Board at 12 
o 1 clock, and give them all the information in my power. 
I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant, 

William Palfrey. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, May 14, 1780. 
Sir :— Inclosed you have sundry warrants, with which you are 
to immediately proceed to the several offices and apply for pay- 
ment. When you receive the money, you are to return with 
the same to camp, and deliver to John Pierce, Esq., Deputy 
Paymaster-general there, one million of dollars. The remainder 
you are to deliver to me at this office. If you should not be able 
to procure payment for the whole of these warrants, you will 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 69 

get as much as you possibly can, and proceed with it to camp, 
keeping a particular account of what part you do receive, 
which must be indorsed on the warrants. You will take trip- 
licate receipts from Mr. Pierce for whatever sum you pay him. 
As the army is greatly in want of the money, I would recom- 
mend to you to use all possible dispatch, and I am 
Your obedient servant, 

Wm. Palfrey, P. M. Gen. 
Mr. Jared Saxton, escort. 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, May 15, 1780. 
Sir : — I have just received from the honorable President of 
Congress a draft on your office for the purpose of paying the 
army, which I shall forward to-morrow by an escort. As the 
troops are greatly in arrears, and the money very much wanted 
I thought it necessary to give you this notice, that seasonable 
provisions may be made, and the messenger meet with no de- 
tention. 

I, am, sir, with great esteem, your obedient servant, 

William Palfrey. 
To John Lawrence, Treasurer of Connecticut— 296,421 33 • 
Henry Gardner, " Massachusetts Bay— 430,000. 
Girardus Baneker, " New York— 237,333. 

Joseph Clark, Commissioner of the Continental Loan Office, Rhode 

Island— 388,912 gj 
His Excellency, President of the Supreme Executive Council of the 
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania— 647,333. 

Pay Office, Main Army, May 15, 1780. 

Sir :— Inclosed is a copy of an answer from Colonel Donald 
Campbell, to a requisition made by me in consequence of an or- 
der for that purpose from the Board of Treasury, for a balance 
due from him to the United States. 

I have waited on General Greene on the subject of wheel- 
wrights 1 stores, who altogether refuses to do any thing in the 
matter. He says the business, being transacted .before his ap- 
pointmemt, must be settled with Colonel Chase, and included in 



70 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

his accounts while tinder General Mifflin. I have therefore in- 
closed the papers, as they will be of no further service here. 
I am, dear sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Col. Wm. Palfrey, P. M. Gen. 

Pay Office, Main Army, May 19, 1780. 
Sir :— The Maryland line and several other regiments having 
marched from the main army for the southward, I inclose you 
several charges against them, for which stoppages or settlements 
ought to be made. In case any of the regiments do not fall into 
your department, it may, perhaps, be proper for you to transmit 
the charges to the Deputy Paymaster-general in whose depart- 
ment they are paid. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Joseph Clay, Esq., J 

Dep. Pay. Gen., South Carolina. J 

Pay Office, Main Army, May 20, 1780. 
Sir : — In your absence,'.I transmitted to Mr. Clay an account 
against the Virginia regiments, and now inclose you a letter, in 
which is contained the charges against the Maryland line and 
the other regiments marched to the southward. I have left it 
open that you may give such directions with them, as you think 
proper, and would be obliged that you would seal and forward it. 
My presence with the army occasions me the unhappiness of my 
seeing and hearing their wants, and makes me urge the matter 
of money. There are gentlemen now waiting with warrants suffi- 
cient to takeoff the sum Colonel Pickering has negotiated, which 
I wish may come soon. I am tired of seeing their faces. The 
army being so long in arrears, and the campaign about commenc- 
ing, I hope will be deemed sufficient reasons to attend to us. I 
am convinced of the utter impossibility of getting more money; 
but, however, hope that some unforeseen circumstances may en- 
able you to do it. 

I am, with respect, your most obedient servant, 
Col. Wm. Palfrey, P. M. Gen. JOHN PlERCE. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 71 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, May 24, 1780. 

Sir :— Your several favors of the 6th and 7th inst. came duly 
to hand, and no time was lost in making the proper applications 
for a supply of money for the use of your department ; but such 
is the great scarcity of that now valuable article, that I have not 
been able to procure one farthing for the many warrants which 
have been passed by Congress in my favor. I have done every-, 
thing in my power to obtain it, and I have sent expresses to the 
Eastern States to collect all that can be got there, which I have 
ordered to be forwarded on to you. I have likewise a prospect of 
obtaining 200,000 dollars here in the course of ten days or a fort- 
night, but not sooner. 

It gives me real pain that any obstruction should arise in the 
supplies of my department ; but such is the exigence of the 
times that it cannot be avoided. When the wheels of the new 
system lately adopted by Congress are set in motion, I am in 
hopes the pay and supplies of the army will run on as smoothly 
as heretofore. In the mean time, that patience and perseverance 
which has formed so shining a part of their character must be 
exercised a few weeks longer. 

I beg you will present my most respectful compliments to his 
Excellency, and acquaint him with the contents of this letter, 
and assure him at the same time that no exertions of mine shall 
be wanting to forward on the supplies the moment they can be 
obtained. 

I am, with real esteem, your obedient servant, 

William Palfrey, P. M. Gen. 
John Pierce, Esq., D. P. M. Gen. 

Morristown, May 29, 1780. 
Sir : — By the bearer, Captain Machin, you will receive one 
box, containing five smaller boxes, which I received from the 
Treasury Board, and by the advice of the Committee of Con- 
gress now send to your care to be forwarded as speedily and as 
safely as possible— you getting receipts for them on delivery. 
The boxes are directed to, — Mr. Lawrence, Loan Office, Hart- 



72 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

ford, Conn. ; Mr. Appleton, Loan Office, Boston, Mass.; Mr. Clark, 
Loan Office, Providence, R. I.; Mr. Yates, Loan Office, Albany, 
N. Y.; Mr. Oilman, Loan Office, Exeter, N. H. 

I am, sir, with esteem, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

Col. Udny Hay, ) 

Hep. Qr. Mr. Gen., at Fishkill. i 

Morristown, May 29, 1780. 
Received of John Pierce, Deputy Paymaster-general, one box, 
containing five smaller boxes, said to contain public books from 
the Treasury Office, which lam to deliver to Colonel Hay, Dep- 
uty Quartermaster-general at Fishkill, having signed two re- 
ceipts for the same. 

Thomas Machin. 

Pay Office, Philadelphia, May 30. 1780. 
Gentlemen :— A friend of mine has written to me to pi-ocure 
him about 9000 dollars in bills of exchange on Spain— the money 
for which he will pay at ten days' sight ; and at the present rate 
of exchange will produce 360,000 dollars, and may be delivered 
in camp in thirty days after the bills are sent from here. In the 
present scarcity of cash and necessity of the army, I thought it 
my duty to communicate this matter to your honorable Board, 
and to request you will be pleased to report a warrant in my 
favor on the Continental Loan Office in this city, and direct that 
the same may be paid in biils of exchange on Spain. 

I am, with the utmost respect, your obedient servant, 

William Palfrey, P. M. Gen. 

Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Morristown, June 1, 1780. 

Sir:— Yours of the 24th ult. I have received, and am sorry there 
are so many obstacles in obtaining money, which no exertions 
of ours, I am sensible, will be able to overcome. By this convey- 
ance you will receive my monthly account for May. The balance 
which appears to be on hand has beeen paid to his Excellency's 
directions for discharged men, and to officers on account, in the 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 73 

manner as in inclosed memoranda, which I shall deduct from 
the warrants on payment. 

The 200,000 dollars you mention to be sent will be well not to 
have known to any person when it comes, as it will not answer 
in any measure towards the payment of the troops, and his 
excellency will apply it to some particular purpose. 

We are fearful from the accounts from New York that Charles- 
ton is in the hands of the euemy. The country on the Mohawk 
River is destroyed by the Indians. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Col. Palfrey, P. M. Gen. 

Lottery Office, Philadelphia, June 26, 1730. 

Sir : — We are particularly called upon by the Treasury for a 
state of the lottery, in order to ascertain the cash lodged in the 
different loan offices. 

We therefore request you will furnish us as soon as possible 
with a complete state of your account for all che three classes, 
inclosing us vouchers for tickets delivered the Governor and 
President, and for cash paid to the Loan officer, which will en- 
able us immediately to comply with the above requisition of 
the Treasury. 

The prize lists will be furnished in a few days, when we shall, 
without loss of time, forward them, with the necessary direc- 
tions for completing the fourth class which we expect daily 
from Congress. 

Your obedient humble servants, 

Joseph Bullock, ) 

> Managers. 
Sharp Delanct, ) 
John Pierce, Esq. 

Pay Office, Main Army, July 13, 1780. 
Gentlemen :— Yours of the 26th ult., requesting me to fur- 
nish a state of my account for the three classes, and inclose you 
the vouchers, I have received. In regard to the two first 
classes, I have already made a settlement in your office with 



74 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Mr. French, and delivered him my accounts and vouchers. 
The third class I send an account of inclosed. As those unsold 
were delivered to your office at Philadelphia, and the money I 
received for those credited by me in my account with the public, 
I have not forwarded you the vouchers. It will oblige the army 
to have the prize list sent on as soon as possible. 

The Managers of the United States Lottery, 

In account with John Pierce. 

To 346 tickets unsold and delivered at their lottery, March 

20, 1780, Dollars 10,380 

To cash received for sale of tickets, .... 42,542 

To 1 ticket, No. 4248, which drew 500 dollars in 2d class, 

taken in tickets in 3d class, 500 

To 12 tickets, which drew 30 Dollars each in 2d class, re- 
newed in 3d class, . 360 

To i per bent, for sale of 1454 tickets, . 218 

Dollars 54,000 

CREDIT. 

By 1800 tickets of the 3d class, received for sale at 30 dollars, 
54,000 
I am, gentlemen, with respect, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

Manager U. S. Lottery. 

Lebanon, July 20, 1780. 

Sir:— Agreeably to your request, I have examined my brother 

the late Commissary-generaPs books, and find nothing charged 

to you for rations due before the 1st of January, 1777. Without 

more formality, I suppose this will be a sufficient certificate 

with the Paymaster-general. 

With much sincerity of regard, I am, dear sir, 

Your most obedient servant, 

Jonathan Trumbull, Jr. 
Col. John Lamb, of Artillery, Fishkill. 

Pat Office, Main Army, July 20, 1780. 
Sir : — By this conveyance you will receive my account cur- 
rent for June, which, by reason of our moving situation, I was 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 75 

not able to send you sooner; also my accounts for March, April, 
May, and June, and a general account current from my appoint- 
ment to the beginning of this month, which complete a year's 
vouchers delivered your office. I wish to have an examination 
and settlement of them entered into, and the necessary acquit- 
tance transmitted to me, if the whole are found j ust and proper . 
I have also inclosed a bundle of vouchers belonging to Mr. Reed, 
which I think unnecessary to hazard any longer at camp. 
I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Wm. Palfrey, Esq., P. M. Gen. 

Peekskill, August 1, 1780. 

Sir :— I wrote you the 25th ult., since which I have received 
the last sum of money, and receipted for it to-day. I had not 
time to complete counting it before the march of the army. Some 
of it was without any bills, and very much confused. The Gen- 
eral has already taken between six and seven hundred thousand 
dollars from the chest for the use of the Quartermaster-general's 
department. Nothing that could be said in the matter would 
have any effect. The service, they said, at head-quarters re- 
quired it, and Congress either would not or could not supply 
that department as they ought. Probably more will be taken 
from me for the same pursose. It yet appears to me that some 
part of the army may refuse taking the money. 

The Pennsylvania line desire to have their depreciation made 
up, and that at 80 instead of 40 for 1, and to receive money that 
other people will take from them, and in such quantities that it 
may answer some purpose. Nothing but the General's order 
would induce some of the regiments to take it. The 1000 I found 
a6 you say, I have included in my receipt. You mention that 
some of this money is to be particularly appropriated for the 
subsistence of the army. I suppose it is intended to make out 
the abstracts as formerly where the pay is included with it. 
They are now made out in that manner, and cannot be sepa- 
rated ; and indeed I do not see the necessity of it. 



<0 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

All our Continental troops are now joined. The Jerseys and 
West Point are to be defended by militia. "We are proceeding 
towards New York, and probably may make an attack on it. It 
is now but thinly garrisoned. If it is not attended with success, 
at least the march of our army that way will recall the enemy 
back from New England. I find the New England regiments 
are very much strengthened by recruits. 

We shall certainly want more money, and hope you will be 
able to obtain it. The army being so large now, it will take a 
greater sum than was at first imagined. The importance of the 
campaign requires that the General should be supplied with 
money for exigencies, or perhaps operations may entirely cease. 

I am out of quills, and will be much obliged to have some for- 
warded me. 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Col. Wm. Palfrey, P. M. Gen. 

Tappan, August 11, 1780. 

Sir :— Our almost constant movement occasions a delay in my 
returns. I have at last made out the one for July, which is in- 
closed. . By the returning escort, I send you some bundles 
containing my own and Mr. Reed's vouchers, which I hope you 
have received. Our army arrived here on Tuesday last. We 
are throwing up a work or fort at Dobb's Ferry, possibly to se- 
cure a communication there, and fix one step further towards 
New York. 

General Arnold has a large garrison of militia at West Point ; 
and on the approach of the French towards New York, we shall 
undoubtedly have a very large army. This points out the 
necessity of being well supplied in cash. It would be better to 
have something valuable ; but as that cannot be the case, I wish 
to see the shadow of it. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Col. Wm. Palfrey, P. M. Gen. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 77 

Camp Orangetown, Aug. 13, 1780. 
Sir :— My department being the only one in the staff composed 
by gentlemen from the State of Connecticut, and under circum- 
stances in which we cannot procure more supplies than what 
are in common with the army, at the same time partaking with 
them in the same service, with their discouragements and dis- 
advantages, makes me desire to draw from the State a portion 
of those refreshments and supplies forwarded the army. In case 
no depreciation is made up to us by the State, I will refund the 
amount of what is received in the same proportion with other 
officers. This method, I conceive, will be attended with no ill 
consequences, as there is no other person with the army who 
can claim it as a precedent. 

Justice points out the propriety of the States dealing out her 
benefits with some liberality to all her children who are equally 
deserving. 

By Mr. Lyttle's desire, I write you on the subject, who thinks 
you will be able to give the necessary order for the purpose. 
I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Mr. Hdbbard, J 

State Store-keeper, Connecticut, j 

Camp, Sept. 1, 1780. 

Sir :— Yours of the 4th ult. came to hand yesterday, and I am 
much obliged for the quills, as I want them exceedingly. The 
money was taken for the Quartermaster-general when the British 
were gone eastward, and our moving for New York. The exer- 
tions of that department were then indispensably necessary, and 
having no other resource, his Excellency was obliged to draw 
from the chest, or the army must have halted. 

In the list of payments made by you, I observe two advances 
said to be made in April, one to Lieutenant Bigham, and the 
other to Lieutenant Bevins — similar accounts of the same date I 
have received from you before. I suppose there has not been two 
advances of the same kind to them in this month. I wish Mr. 



78 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Audibert would, put down the regiments the persons belong to 
to whom you make advances, as there are several in this last ac- 
count that I cannot tell where charges ought to be made. 

I have paid the army as far as the money has gone for Jan- 
uary, February and March ; my cash is now exhausted, and I 
want about 400,000 dollars to complete the payment. The army 
would not receive it but on account, which was accordingly en- 
tered into the warrants to be so, agreeable to a resolve of Con- 
gress of the 10th of April last. Many of the regiments being 
mustered for a longer time than the 1st of April in one roll, a separ- 
ation could not be made in this case. The General directed me to 
include the whole in one warrant, and give the Paymaster a cer- 
tificate for the sum over the 1st of April to be paid with the rest 
of the army, which is the reason that the balance in the inclosed 
account current for August appears to be in my favor. I have 
called for the pay-rolls and abstracts of the army up to the 1st 
of August, for examination, which will be completed for pay- 
ment in a few days. 

I wish that there is a possibility the money may be obtained, 
as we shall then complete the time the army are to be paid in 
this money — and the army will now receive it. Perhaps waiting 
a longer time will raise another broil, which will not be so easily 
appeased as the late one. 

I send you by Colonel Forrest 632| dollars of Maryland, Penn- 
sylvania, and Delaware money, which came with the last you 
sent. As it will not pass here, I would be obliged to you to re- 
ceive or exchange it for other money. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

To the Paymaster-general. 

Hackensack, Old Bridge, Sept. 10, 1780. 

Sir :— With my last monthly account, I requested a further 

sum to complete my payments to the 1st of April, since which 

several unexpected demands have appeared, and will require 

more to discharge them than what I then imagined. Indeed, I 



OP THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 79 

hope no obstacle will arise to prevent your obtaining a sufficiency 
for the payment of the army to the 1st of August, when it seems 
the millennium of our currency is to take place. 

Some time last year I received your orders not to pay Mr. 
McMordie, of the Pennsylvania troops, any longer, as Mr. Rogers 
was appointed Chaplain to the third brigade. Mr. McMordie, in 
July last, received an appointment to the first brigade, and now 
requests his pay as Chaplain to the 11th regiment, from the time 
his pay was stopped to his new appointment, which regiment I 
suppose he never saw during that time, nor indeed labored very 
much in any vineyard towards gathering into the sheepfold. I 
have not paid him until I can know where he was discharged 
from the regiment, or I have some further direction in the matter. 

Mr. Reed was with me to-day, who, being unable to maintain 

himself, wishes to leave the service. As the money which has yet 

passed through my hands has not been half sufficient to defray 

the charges of the department, much less must be coming to 

him. Nothing would have induced me to continue, but the hopes 

that the army would be paid in better money, by which the per 

cent, allowed me would be more valuable. If that is not the case, 

I must leave the department considerably in debt to the public. 

I wish Congress thought with me, that it is their interest to be 

generous to their honest and faithful servants. Can there be a 

greater inducement to a person to be dishonest, than to find 

amidst his sacrifices that he is denied the means of appearing in 

character, and maintaining himself like a gentleman ? 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Col. Wm. Palfrey, P. M. Gen. 

Hackensack, Old Bridge, Sept, 15, 1780. 
Sir :— Since the derangement of the Mustering Department 
there have been no persons pointed out by Congress for the per- 
formance of that duty, nor any reward given the officers who have 
done it by the desire of the General ; the consequence of which 
is, that .the troops have been mustered in a very irregular and 



80 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

imperfect manner, and the advantage arising from the musters, 
being a check to the pay-rolls, is almost wholly lost. I wish, sir, 
that you would represent the matter, that some persons may be 
particularly pointed out by Congress, who will consider it as 
their inclination and duty to transact the business of the depart- 
ment. 

The army being to be paid in the new money after the 1st of 
last month, I am at a loss what'allowance is to be given many of 
the officers, particularly the extra pay and subsistence to aides, 
brigade-majors, inspectors, paymasters, adjutants, clothiers, 
quartermasters, &c; also the pay of surgeons and surgeons' mates 
all which has been stated after the 1st January, 1777. Indeed, I 
wish to have the pay of the whole army sent me, which I want 
now, as the pay-rolls a*Qd abstracts cannot be made out before 
this is known. 

I have sent Mr. Burrall all the receipts I have taken up of 

yours, amounting to 10,072 dollars ; the balance due me is 5,472 

dollars. Money being so much wanted in the department, 

makes me wish you to pay him that sum on his delivering up the 

receipts. I have inclosed you a list of what remains behind. As 

some of the regiments are at the southward, it is impossible that 

I should be able to keep up the whole. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Col. Wm. Palfrey, P. M. Gen. 

Orangetown, Oct. 3, 1780. 
Sir :— Since that of the 11th of August I have not been honor- 
ed by any of yours. On my part I have written you the 11th of 
August, and the 1st, 10th, and 15th ult., which I should be happy 
at least to have acknowledged, that in case of failure I may write 
again. Inclosed you have my accounts for September. My situa- 
tion is very unhappy, on account of the want of money in the 

army. 

I am, sir, with respect and friendship, yours, 

John Pierce. 
Col. Wm. Palfrey, P. M. Gen. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 81 

Pay Office, Main Akmt, Nov. 7, 1780. 
Sir : — I returned yesterday from a short furlough, but unfor- 
tunately missed your letter which was forwarded for me. I am 
sorry you meet with so many difficulties in obtaining the money 
for the army, and I can assure you their uneasiness increases, 
which will produce in a few days a remonstrance to Congress. I 
am happy, however, they do not think the blame lies in your 
department, but believe they attribute it to the right source. 
You will note that there is due more than 400,000 dollars to several 
regiments for January, February and March ; that the pay and 
subsistence of the whole army, as well as contingencies, are due in 
old money after that time to the 1st of August; and that the army 
have some reason to expect that two months pay may be ad- 
v meed in the new money after that time*; all of which, if received 
soon, will make them contented and happy, but the want of it 
will probably have a very contrary effect. I mentioned to you, 
some time since, a desire to have the pay of the army, as it stands 
since 1st of August, sent me, which I wish may be done soon, 
as well as any other directions in the making out of the rolls, 
that I may bring up my examinations since that time ready for 
payment. It is with pleasure I see the late arrangement of 
Congress adopted by the army with cheerfulness, and am per- 
suaded we shall be ready long before the 1st of January to drop 
into the settled form. The officers who retire will expect to re- 
ceive their pay before they leave camp ; and it will be political 
to pay the soldiers also on their discharge. 

The Assembly of Connecticut are apportioning their quota of 
troops into districts, who are each to raise a soldier for three 
years, or during the war ; and in case of refusal, one is to be 
hired, and the amount levied from the district, agreeable to 
their grand list. They will Sail in their own money, lay a tax 
on continental, and another on provisions, or hard money. 
I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

Col. Wm. Palfrey, P. M. Gen. 



83 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Pat Office, Nov. 7, 1780. 

Sir :— I am to congratulate you on the situation in -which I 
have just heard you have entered. Your immediate partner I 
am acquainted with, and wish each of you every happiness 
that arises from so tender and endearing a connection. 

Cannot you let me have your note from the Treasurer of Con- 
necticut ? I want money so much that I would do almost any 
thing for some. I have a friend at Hartford who can catch the 
money as fast as it comes to the treasury. If you want any of 
it, when I get some, I will let you have it ; and any authority 
you desire shall be procured, for the transfer either from Colonel 
Palfrey, the treasury, or General Washington. If you will let 
me have the note it will oblige me to have it sent immediately, 
or if not, your answer. 

I am, dear sir, yours, sincerely, 

John Pierce. 

Thos. Reed, Esq. 

Pat Office, Main Army, Nov. 8, 1780. 
Sir : — Since mine of the 19th May ult., I have received yours 
of the 6th of the same month. The several advances since that 
time may require your attention, either in stopping or trans- 
mitting to some other department, which are as follows : 
Dec. 31, 1779— Paid by Col. Palfrey, to Lieut. Col. Dirkes, 

his pay from Nov. 5. 1778, to Dec. 81, 1779, . . 2,964 
Pay and subsistence for January, 1780, . . . 460 

Ditto, for February and March, 1780, .... 920 

Ditto, from March to June, 1780, .... 1,380 

April 5, 1780— Paid by Mr. Stelle, D. P. M. Gen., for the 
Rhode Island Department, to Lieut. Col. Lewis Mor- 
ris, Aid-de-Camp to Gen. Sullivan, now to Gen. 

Greene, on account, 120 

May 2, 1780— Paid by myself, to Lieut. Col. Nathaniel 
Ramsay, of the Maryland Line, a prisoner on parole, 
on account, . . ... .... 2,500 

July 5, 1780— Paid by myself, to Lieut. Col. Lewis Morris, 

Aid-de-Camp to Major Gen. Greene, on account, . 2,000 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 83 

July 11, 1780— Paid by Col. Palfrey, to Lieut. Ludeman, 

for pay and subsistence for March and April, . . 233 

July 11, 1780— Paid by Col. Palfrey, to Lieut. Col. John 
Laurens, on account of his expenses when sent to 
Philadelphia by Gen. Lincoln, , . 2,000 

July 25, 1780— Paid by Col. Palfrey, to Capt. John Corse, 
of the Delaware regiment, for difference of pay and 
subsistence between a Captain and Lieutenant, from 
January 26, 1778, to March 1, 1780, . . ■ .1,107 

August 4, 1780— Paid by Col. Palfrey, to Cornet Perre- 

grine Fitzhugh, of Baylor's Dragoons, . . . 2,700 

August 3 3, 1780— Paid by myself, to Ensign William 
Spencer, of the 8th Va. regiment, on account of his 
pay, per the hands of Mr. Williams, . . . 800 

August 14, 1780— Paid by myself, to Lieut. Col. Oliver 

Towles, a prisoner on parole, on account, . . . 4,000 

August 22, 1780— Paid by Col. Palfrey, to Col. David Hall 

of the Delaware regiment, 4,000 

August 29, 1780— Paid by myself, to Capt. John Bard, of 
the second Georgia battalion, a prison on parole, 
on account, 1,500 

August 30, 1780— Paid by Col. Palfrey, to Lewis De Pon- 
tiere, of Pulaski's Legion, for pay and subsistence 
from Feb. 1 to July 1, 1,250 

October 2, 1780— Paid by myself, to Jacob Collins, a pri- 
vate in the 2d Maryland regiment, for two years' 
pay and one year's subsistence, while in the hospital 

at Albany, 280 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Joseph Clay, Esq., Southern Army. 

Pay Office, Main Army, Nov. 8, 1780. 
Sir :— Inclosed I transmit you my last month's account, and a 
letter of stoppages in the Southern department, which I wish 
you to forward. 



84 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Money ! money ! money ! or rather the want of it, is the word. 
It will oblige me much to hear what prospects you have of ob- 
taining any. 

I am, with much respect and friendship, yours, 

John Pierce. 
Col. Palfrey, P. M. Gen. 

Head-quarters, Nov. 17, 1780. 
Sir :— Colonel Pickering has just informed me you wrote him 
you design to resign, and that you are going to France. You are 
sensible sir, of the delicacy of my situation, my length of service, 
and if I have any, my merit, and I could wish for your friendship 
and influence to succeed you, if you think proper. 

I suppose I ought to take your place ; and if I fail in my at- 
tempt, I am determined to resign, which will be at this time dis- 
agreeable, as I have sacrificed so much that I had, perhaps, bet- 
ter give up the whole of my time to the public. You will excuse 
my haste, and believe me to be, with sincerity, 

Your most obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Col. Wm. Palfrey, P. M. Gen. 

Pay Office Nov. 18, 1780. 

Sir :— I feel a degree of regret in parting with so valuable a 
friend and principal, whose ability and inclination can never be 
replaced by another. Should the person you mention be ap- 
pointed, his exertions will not be wanting, however he may fall 
short in point of genius. I take this opportunity, sir, to acknowl- 
edge the many and repeated obligations I lay under to you, and 
can at present only return them by wishing you every happiness 
and prosperity. 

I cannot find that I ever received of you a million of dollars on 
the 11th of September, 1779, which you will perceive to be the 
case on the examination of my returns. The first was July 24th, 
the next, October 6th, and the next, November 30th. I have sent 
a blank receipt, which you will fill up properly, as I suppose you 
mistook the date in your letter. I have inclosed you the account 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 85 

you desired. I have taken up one receipt more, that from 
Thomas Dugan for 403J dollars, which I have sent Mr. Burrall. 
I have not money enough to ride out of camp, and cannot 
therefore see you now ; but if the appointment takes place, I 
shall go immediately for Philadelphia. 

I am, dear sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Col. Wm. Palfrey, P. M. Gen. 

Pay Office, Nov, 28, 1780. 

Gentlemen :— I would beg leave to represent that the extra 
pay given officers of the line, who are aides-de-camp, brigade- 
majors, regimental-paymasters, clothiers, adjutants, and quar- 
termasters, has been stated since the first of January, 1777, the 
time to which the resolution of Congress of the 12th of August 
last has retrospect in determining the pay of the army. In case 
this extra pay was fixed higher on account of the depreciation, 
it ought then to have a new stating ; but if it was designed to be 
made up as good money, it ought then, perhaps, stand as it is. 
I am informed that some of the States have considered it as hard 
money, and made up the depreciation accordingly. 

As the accounts of the army, since the first of August last, are 
at a stand for this to be determined, I would be obliged, gentle- 
men, for your attention in the matter. 

1 have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

Hon. Board of Treasury. 

Philadelphia, Dec. 20, 1780. 

Sir :— Inclosed you have a warrant in my favor on the Treas- 
urer of Connecticut, and another on the Treasurer of Rhode 
Island — both endorsed to you. 

As you are present at Hartford, I make no doubt of your be- 
ing able to obtain the money there, and wish, after you have 
been informed where that from Rhode Island can be had, you 
will send an express for it, if you cannot get it easier. You see 
I presume on your friendship, which I have experienced so 



80 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

often, and do not doubt but you will be happy to serve me. Mr. 
Reed has a note from the Treasurer of Connecticut for more 
than 800,000 dollars. I have written him to let me have it. He 
says I may, on delivering him a part. 

Will you ask the Treasurer how much of it he can advance, 
and when the whole can be paid ? If the sum is worth receiving, 
I will get the note and send it to you. 

I am, dear sir, yours sincerely, 

John Pierce. 

J. Burrall, Esq. ) 
By Mr. McCall. ) 

Pay Office, Dec. 26, 1780. 

Gentlemen :— Captain William Brown, of Colonel Charles 

Harrison's regiment of artillery, who has been stationed at Fort 

Schuyler, is now on his march with his company to join the 

Southern army. Not being furnished with money to defray his 

expenses, he is obliged to call for the pay of the company, which 

is due since the 1st of January last, amounting to August 1st, in 

the old money, to 12,375 dollars, and from that time to the 1st 

inst. to 2,636 dollars in the new emissions, warrants for which 

the Board of War have granted on me. As I am unsupplied in 

cash, I thought it not improper to request, if the money can be 

obtained, that your honorable Board will report in my favor on 

the Treasurer to enable me to pay him. 

I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

The following is a list of Captain Brown's company who are 
to be paid : 



William Brown, Captain. 
James Smith, Captain-lieutenant. 
James McFaddon, First do. 
John Carson, Second do. 

Thomas Stanley, Cadet. 
John Stanley, Volunteer. 
John Staples, Sergeant. 

(Given him a certificate of pay to Dec. 20, 1780.) 



Henry Slack, Sergeant. 
Thomas Barber, do. 
Charles Stewart, do^ 
Patrick Cochran, do. 
Alex. A. Mackay, do. 

(Deserted Oct. 20, 1780. )< 

Arthur Carnes, Corporal. 
Tamolin Spencer, do. 



OP THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



81 



John Radcliff, Corporal. 
Thomas Fanning, do. 
Michael Hawke, do. 
Samuel J. Nelme, do, 
Thomas Condron, Bombardier. 
Michael O'Brien, do. 

William Jones, do. 

Philip O'Bryan, do. 

John Connolly, Gunner. 
John Vaughn, do. 
John Slack, do. 

James Welch, do. 
James Whalen, do. 
James Brooks, Drummer. 
Peter Minor, j'un., Fifer. 
Isaac Burton, Matross. 
Thomas Brown, do. 

(October 1, 17S0.) 

Ignatius Butler, Matross. 
Robert Campbell, do. 

James Compton, do. 

James Cole, do. 

Hugh Champlin, do. 

John Evans, ao. 

John Fitzgerald, sen. do. 
John Fitzgerald, ]'un, do. 
Mark Goldsboro 1 . do. 

Ignatus Griffln, do. 

Jonathan Gill, do. 

William Huckersen, do. 
Edward Hennissey, do. 
Henry Higgs, do. 



Daniel Harvey, Matross. 
William Harney, do. 
Francis Johnson, do. 
Peter Lawrence, do. 
Joshua Lovely, do. 

Robert Livingston, do. 

(Recruited Nov. 13, 1780, "for during the war.'' i 

Peter Mayner, sen., Matross. 
William Moran, do. 

(Recruited Nov. 29 j 1780, for during the war.) 

Mays Nevin, Matross. 

Benjamin Palmore, do. 
Francis Popham, do. 
Samuel Popham, do. 

(Given him a certificate of pay to Dec. 20, 1780.) 

Joseph Pogue, Matross. 
Peter Robinson, do. 
Thomas Smith, do. 
Reuben Scott, do. 

John Saunders, do. 

(Given liini a certificate of pay to Dec. 20, 1780.) 

James Simonds, Matross. 

(Recruited Nov. 13, 1780, for during the war.) 

William Stalker, Matross, 

(Recruited Nov. 13, 1780, for during the war.) 

James Taylor, Matross. 
David Young, do. 
Michael Hawke, do. 

(Exchanged for Thomas Brown, October 1, 1780.) 

George Baker, Matross. 

(Executed by sentence of Court Martial, Nov. 2, 



Note.— This company belonged to the Maryland line. 



Cowper's Mills, Va., March 19, 1781. 
Sir :— Mr. Bacon will deliver you sixty-three guns to be re- 
paired. Some of them are very good guns, and may be made fit 
for service with very little labor. I think it would be most 
advisable to examine all the arms, and have those got in order 
first which are in want of the least repairs. 



88 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

I received yours of the 15th respecting the box of flints. I 
have got them, but did not know what number the box con- 
tained. 

I hope you will be shortly able to furnish the army with a 
number of guns. The wagon that brings the damaged arms 
may be left to transport the repaired arms to the different posts 
where they may be wanted. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Paul Woolfolk, Cond. M. Stores. 
Mr. W. Porter, at Broadwater. 

B abb's Fields, Va , April 2, 1781. 
Sir : — The bearer, Wagon-master George Godby, waits for a 
load of provisions. Dispatch him and the others as soon as 
possible. I desired Mr. Adkins to give you a horse and let him 
have the order. 

I shall send you one quire of paper the first opportunity. At 
present every thing is packed up. 

I am yours obediently, 

H. Morris, Ass't Qr. Mr. Gen. 
W. Porter, C. M. Stores, Broadwater. 

Camp near Scott's, Va., April 10, 1781. 
Sir : — By a brigade of wagons and guard, you will receive a 
very considerable quantity of stores, that are given up by the 
militia who have served their tours of duty. You will please to 
take them in and make out an exact inventory of what are de- 
livered to you. On account of the large number received, and 
what I expect to take in for several days, render it impossible 
for me to send a list of those articles at this time ; but when mat- 
ters are in a more settled situation, I shall make out a just list 
of what you may from time to time receive. It is the General's 
desire that all the cartridges which are in their boxes should be 
taken out and put in boxes which you will have made for that 
purpose. From the scarcity of cartridges, you cannot be too 
careful of those you will receive. You will observe that nearly 
all the guns are loaded. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 89 

In a few days the better half of our militia will be discharged, 
and I expect to see you at Broadwater very shortly, in company 
with the remaining part of our army. 

I am your friend and obedient servant, 

Paul Woolfolk, Ass't Com. Mil. Stores. 
Mr. Wm. Porter, ) 

Com. Mil. Stores at Broadwater, j 

Prince George Court-House, Va., April 13, 1781. 
Sir :— After much trouble with bad wagons, I have at length 
arrived at this place with all the stores taken from Broadwater 
and below. For fear cartridges should be wanted below, I have 
sent down one box containing 117 dozen. The wagons will get 
to Broadwater by Sunday evening. 

I imagine the General has given you further directions re- 
specting the removal of the military stores. You will make 
yourself acquainted with his intentions relative thereto, and 
dispatch those wagons, and others you may have got, with all 
expedition. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant 

Paul Woolfolk, A. C. M. Stores. 
Mr. Wm. Porter, C. M. S. Broadwater. 

Bland's Tavern, Va., April 21, 1781. 
Sir : — You will receive by four wagons a quantity of damaged 
arms, sent up from Broadwater. You will dispose of them 
agreeably to the directions you receive from the Baron Steuben 
or Major Pryor. The number is not ascertained, being those 
you had an account of below. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Paul Woolfolk, A. C. M. Stores. 

WM. Porter, C. M. Stores. 

Chesterfield Court-House, Va., April 25,1781. 

Sir :— By two wagons you will receive 230 guns, which were 

taken from Petersburg yesterday. I believe them to be a part 

of the arms taken from Broadwater. You will charge me with 

two guns, which I furnished the militia with yesterday. Those 



90 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

are the whole left in Petersburg. On my way down, I met with 
General Muhlenburgh, Cabin Point, and returned again to 
Prince George. Mr. Robert Smith is sent down to remove all 
the stores remaining at Broadwater. I gave him your letters 
and instructions for what you were in want of at that place. I 
am now on my way to Richmond. Mr. Edward Moore is ap- 
pointed to act below in my place. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Paul Woolfolk, A. C. M. Stores. 
Mr. Porter, ) 

C. M. Stores, Powhatan C. H. ) 

Chesterfield Court-House, Va., April 35, 1781. 

Sir : — The bearer waits on you with a wagon for the following 
ammunition, viz : 100 sixth-round cartridges, 50 six-pound 
canister cartridges, 24 Port- fires, and 100 sixth tubes. 

You have not been explicit enough in your return. You men- 
tion 18 boxes of cannon cartridges, but do not mention the size, 
though I think there must be the sixth among them. If not, 
send express for those to Goochland Court-house. Tubes are at 
the last mentioned place. Do not detain the whole for a de- 
ficiency of a part, but send off what you have immediately, and 
the balance will follow as soon as possible down the road lead- 
ing to this place or where you may hear the army is. 

There has been a pretty severe action this afternoon at Peters- 
burg. The enemy have possession of that place, and our army 
has retreated to a few miles below this, and are to march to- 
morrow morning at four o'clock up to this place, and further 
up the road if necessary. Our men behaved exceedingly well, 
but overpowered by numbers, were obliged to retire. Our loss 
was about fifty killed and wounded, and the enemy's consider- 
ably more by every account. 

If you have any musket-cartridges, send them also. Be as 
expeditious as possible, as we are nearly out of ammunition. 
I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

J. Pryor, Field Com. Mil. Stores. 
Mr. Wm. Porter, ) 

Com. Mil. Stores, Powhatan, f 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 91 

Camp, Coal-Pit, Va., April 30, 1781. 
Sir :— I received by the wagoner the articles mentioned in 
your letter, and have also sent you 59 muskets, 57 bayonets, 39 
cartridge-boxes, part of a barrel of damaged cartridges and bul- 
lets, and two barrels of powder. The powder and bullets I 
received at Petersburg, which you will receive. The bayonets, 
cartridge-boxes, and muskets are all damaged ; also some of 
them you sent are not fit for use. I have never seen Smith 
since I came down, but will make inquiry for pork, &c. I will 
speak to the General for the armorers, and I am, with esteem, 
Your obedient servant, 

Edward Moore, C. M. Stores. 
Mr. W. Porter, C. M. Stores. 

Chesterfield Coort-House, Va., May 5, 1781. 
Sir : — You will take under your charge five wagons, contain- 
ing 400 stand of arms, complete with bayonets, &c, 200 leather 
cartridges, two hundred tin canisters, and two thousand flints, 
and you will proceed immediately to Suffolk. Immediately on 
your arrival, you will acquaint General Muhlenburgh of it. You 
will not by any means deliver any of the above articles without 
General Muhlenburgh's particular order. You will set out from 
this place this evening, or to-morrow morning very early, so that 
you may arrive at Suffolk by the 8th instant. 

By order of Major-general Steuben. 

James Fairlie, Aid-de-Camp. 
Wm. Porter, C. M. Stores. 

Richmond, May 6, 1781. 
Sir : — Yours dated yesterday, at Carter's Ferry, just came to 
hand. I am happy to hear you have got a shop and set the ar- 
morers to work. As they are fixed, they may remain where they 
are till further orders, and continue to repair arms with all ex- 
pedition. Colonel Davis' orders, I think, were very proper, only 
I do not suppose he knew a large quantity of powder will be im- 
mediately wanted for a battery of four 24-pounders and four 18- 
pounders, at Hood's Creek. 



92 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

I have called on Captain Brown for the balls and every other 
necessary that must be brought down immediately. I would 
wish you to send down all the cannon ammunition fit for service, 
musket ammunition, arms in repair with bayonets fitted to them 
and an equal number of cartridge-boxes, sky-rockets, and port- 
fires, and tubes, if you have any, to Westham, addressed to Mr. 
McRoberts, Field Commissary of Military Stores, whom I have 
appointed as such, and I will direct some person to receive them. 

The loose balls are of no use in camp. You will therefore send 
them to the laboratory at Goochland Court-house, taking a re- 
ceipt for them ; and all the other military stores you will have 
carried up to Point of Fork, and deposited in some secure house 
under the eye of some careful person who will take charge of 
them. You will send all the empty cartridge-boxes you may 
have, or can procure, to the laboratory, to pack cartridges in, to 
be sent down to the army, they being much wanted, barrels hav- 
ing been made use of for the want of them. 

After you have done what is above required, you will make 
Mr. Gray, who I suppose is at the head of the armory, respon- 
sible for the arms, &c, left in his care, and press him to push 
their repairs as much as possible — then you may go home to 
Broadwater, and have all the arms, &c, in that quarter, brought 
immediately up— those in repair to be left with the new levies at 
Chesterfield Court-house, and the damaged ones carried up to 
Colonel James's or the armory for repairs. 

I did expect a complete return of all the stores you have in 
charge, as well as the horse-accoutrements I requested you to 
take charge of. You may re-deliver them to the Quartermaster, 
as they are not in your department, and render him an account 
of your issues of them, and show him your authority for so 
doing. 

You will please to be very particular in this, and send me a 
similar account of them. 

I am, sir, your obedient and humble servant, 

J. Pryor, Com. Gen. Mil. Stores. 
Mr. W. Porter, C. M. S., Carter's Ferry. 



OP THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 93 

November 9, 1782. 
Sir : — Pursuant to the orders of Major-general Greene, of the 
2d and 3d days of November, 1782, we have formed the 1st and 
3d regiments of dragoons, now serving in the State of South 
Carolina, into five troops, agreeably to an order of the Secretary 
of War, to be commanded by the following officers, viz : 

George Baylor, Colonel, commissioned January 8, 1777. 

William Washington, Lieutenant-colonel. 

John Swan, Major, commissioned October 21, 1780. 

Churchill Jones, Captain, do. June 1, 1777. 

John Watts, do. do. April 7, 1778. 

William Barrett, do. do. May, 1779. 

William Parsons, do. do. November, 1779. 

John Hughes, do. do. March 31, 1781. 

Ambrose Gordon, 1st Lieut., commissioned December, 1779 # 

John Linton, do. do. May, 1780. 

Henry Bower, do. 

Francis Whiting, do. 

Chas. Yarborough, do. 

James Merriweather, 2d. Lieut. 

John Harris, do. 

George White, do. 

Philip Stewart, do. 

William Fitzhugh, do. 

Nelson, Paymaster. 

Charles Scott, Cornet. 

Jasper Hughes, do. 

John Massey, do. 

John Perry, do. 
John Walters, do. 

Robert Rose, Surgeon. 
John Wallace, do. 

Vaughn, Surgeon's Mate. 

Doctor Rose being sick at present, and unable to do immediate 
duty, Doctor Wallace is arranged to do the duty of Surgeon to 
the regiment until the recovery of Dr. Rose. 



94 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

It i& the opinion of the Board that a Court of Inquiry be, as 
soon as possible, ordered to determine the rank of the officers, to 
the end that the dates of their commissions may be inserted in 
the arrangement. We have arranged the officers of the 1st and 
3d regiments to a command in the five troops, in proportion to 
the number of troops in each corps, from the principle of their 
being entitled to promotion regimentally. 
Your obedient servants, 

Anthony Wayne, B. G. 

John Swan, Major L. D. 

Churchill Jones, Captain L. D. 

(No Address.) 

New Haven, Jan. 10, 1783. 

Sir :— The circumstances of my business render it impossible 
for me to receive any part of the securities now to be issued to 
the army. The late 4th Connecticut regiment has no agent ap- 
pointed to receive theirs. I wish they might be delivered to Mr. 
Beers, as the principal part of the officers and men belong to 
this county. 

The 2d Connecticut regiment I suppose General Swift will i*e- 
ceive, as he is agent ; otherwise I should like them also delivered 
to Mr. Beers, in order that the several charges made against in- 
dividuals mighty be rightly understood from my accounts. 

I shall, after the securities are issued to the several regiments , 
apply to your office with my accounts stated for settlement. 

I conclude that the accounts made out by Mr. Clark, for 17S3, 
as well as those I handed you, are rightly understood, so that the 
securities can be issued to the two regiments at the time the 
other regiments in the Connecticut line receive theirs, as no ad- 
vice has been received to the contrary. 

I send my account by Mr. Beers for the extra pay as Pay- 
master, which was to be paid in Morris' notes, or money for 
those who attended to the settlement of accounts. Likewise, the 
amount due for subsistence, I should receive it as a particular 
favor to have it paid him. 

I am your obedient servant, 

John Sherman. 

John Pierce, P. M. Gen. 



OP THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 95 

Poughkeepsie, N. Y. May 17, 1783. 
Sir :— I was honored with yours of the 8th inst. I remember 
exceeding well having a bundle of papers from you, on account 
of expenses attending the transportation of cannon to Farming- 
ton, but cannot recollect the amount ; and as these vouchers 
shared the same fate with almost the whole of my other papers, 
I do not esteem myself at liberty to give any new vouchers until 
Congress has pointed out some general course by which my con- 
duct ought to be regulated in all such cases. 
I am, with greatest respect, sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

C01. EBE NEZE R STEVENS. ■ UDNY HAY ' D ' ^ M " <**>• 

Philadelphia, June 3, 1783. 

SiR:-This morning I received your letter relative to the 
money advanced you to pay for the transportation of the ord- 
nance and stores from Albany to Farmington. 

I must inform you that immediately on my return, I made up 
my account for every farthing received by me, and gave it 
you; soon after which it was examined and approved by the Aud- 
itors at Albany, and referred to Colonel Hay, as being in his de- 
partment, for settlement-at which time I delivered you every 
paper relative to the transaction, and have never since seen any 
of them. Having done with them entirely, the receipt given you 
was cancelled ; and you having delivered the papers to Colonel 
Hay, who also examined and admitted them, 'exonerates you 
from blame by his misfortune. He repeatedly offered you a dis- 
charge, and I always thought you had it, and that the whole 
matter was settled long since. Colonel Hay, upon application, 
will certainly certify that the whole was settled, which I sup- 
pose will be satisfactory. 

With regard to the pay received by me and my department, 
you will find it by examining the abstracts ; bu* I will send you 
a copy of the account as it stands between us, from which you 
can extract an Y sums that ought to be charged the public which 
remain unaccounted for. 



96 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

You will see that I have accounted with you for all that I ever 
received, except the money for the transportation, which, having 
settled with you on my return, closed the transaction on my 
part— nor have I a scrap of paper on the subject. Having done 
the business for you, and the examination having been made 
and approved, I conceived myself as exonerated, and made no 
register of the matter. 

Brother Ben will sail in a few days for the Cape. He pre- 
sents abundance of love. 

With affection, I remain yours, 

Samuel Hodgdon. 
Col. Ebenezer Stevens. 

Raeding, Decemper 24, 1783. 
Deir Sir : — I schold Dack it as a graet faver, you wold be so 
kint and to Ender My Name and Capt. Jacob Mytinger of my 
Troop in the Boock of Sociedy of Sencinates for whech we have 
Laft a Monts Pay whet the Pay Master Generale of the arMy, 
and hafe encloset a Certificat from the Pay Master Generale, 
whech mentionet that the Money may be Trowen as Sun the 
order is Broeduset. I schall be Blaesed to you, you will Rid 
me a Lader and Mentionet what Money must be send for En- 
drens, if der is any oder Exbenses, you will be so Kint as to lad 
us Know. My Seff and Capt. Mytinger will Comply whet what 
you schalle Tin proper, 

Sir, I Remin whet the Gradest Estim 

Tour Efectiont frend and M. H. S. 
Barthw. Von Heer, 

Major Light Dragoons. 
Col. Harmek, at Mrs. Sruuk's Tavern, ) 

Second Sfcreed, Philadelphia. ) 

Annapolis, Jan. 1, 1784. 
g IR : _About the time we adjourned from Princeton I received 
a line from you, to which you would probably have discovered 
before this time that I had paid every attention possible ; but 
there have not since that time been nine States represented in 
Congress. Your concerns are delayed with the most important 
ones of the nation. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 97 

On the application of some foreign officers for some immedi- 
ate pay, a committee was appointed some time ago, of which I 
am chairman. The journals ought to show what has and what 
has not been promised or done for the foreign officers who have 
been in our service ; but there are many different opinions as to 
the manner in which our executive officers construe the mean- 
ing of those journals. 

Be so good as to inform me, whether in settling the accounts 

of foreign officers who have been in our service they have been 

allowed half-pay. If half-pay has been allowed to any of them, 

whether it has been indiscriminately allowed to those who had 

and those who had not taken the oath of fidelity to the United 

States. 

I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

Hugh Williamson. 

John Pierce, Esq. 

Comptroller-general's Office,' Jan. 30, 1784. 

Sir : — The State has paid to Lieutenants Benjamin Marshall, 

John Hughes, and Morrison, of the Pennsylvania Line, 

the sum of one hundred and forty-six dollars and two-thirds of a 

dollar, each, being for 51 months' pay, which you will please to 

charge them with at the settlement of their accounts. 

I am your friend and very humble servant, 

John Nicholson, Aud. Gen. 

Joseph Howell, Esq. 

Boston, Nov. 18, 1784. 

Sir :— Your favor of the 18th September, by Captain Thomas 
H. Condy, I have received. I am exceedingly disappointed 
that Captain Condy was not able to settle my accounts, as he 
was fully empowered by me for that purpose. I flatter my- 
self that by this time you have been able to find my account, 
with the vouchers. If they are not already examined, I request 
you to have them taken up the first opportunity after the re- 
ceipt of this, as I am very anxious to have them adjusted. A 
line from you, by the post, on this subject, will lay me under a 
particular obligation. 

I am, with great esteem, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce, Esq., P. M. Gen. HENRY JACKSON. 



Ub CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Trenton, Dec. 11, 1784. 

Sir :— I should be very much obliged to you to inform me, 
-whether, by the orders of Congress, the widow or children of a 
Major-general who lost his life in the service is entitled to the 
half-pay of a Major-general for seven years, or to that of a 
Colonel only. 

There is a dispute in the State of Massachusetts which is sus- 
pended on the decision of this question. 

If you think the case clear, your opinion, with the grounds of 
it, will no doubt give satisfaction ; but if you are in any doubt, 
I shall apply to Congress for an explanation of those acts. 
I am with the highest esteem, your obedient servant, 

GrEORGE PARTRIDGE. 
Col. John Pierce, P. M. Gen. 

Norwich, Dec. 16, 1784. 

Sir :— Since I wrote you last, respecting my ration accounts 
(an answer to which I have not had the pleasure, although 
Mr. Brown tells me you wrote me by Mr. Lovell), I recollect 
that I signed them in a form that might answer for a discharge 
in full : and should you leave the office, it might be concluded 
by your predecessor that the accounts were settled and paid. I 
presume that the act of Congress of the 3d of June supersedes 
the necessity of Colonel Stewart's vouchers. 

If it appears so to you, I will be much obliged to you to pay 
the balance due me on those accounts to Mr. Pelatiah Webster, 
and beg the favor of him, in my behalf, to send it to me by some 
convenient opportunity, or to bring it when he next comes to 
Norwich. 

I am, dear sir, with great regard, your humble servant, 

Jedediah Huntington. 

John Pierce, P. M. Gen., Philadelphia. 

New York, Dec. 24, 1784. 

Sir :— I am under the necessity of requesting the/avor of you 

to examine the muster-rolls of the Invalid Corps ; and in Cap - 

tain Woelport's company you will find a man by the name of 

Simon Peterson, who was formerly a soldier in the 4th New 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY "WAR. 99 

York regiment, commanded by Colonel Henry B. Livingston. 
The said Peterson was sent to Sinisbury Hospital when the regi- 
ment lay at Wyoming, in October, 1779, and he was invalided 
from that place the latter part of that year, or in 1780, on ac- 
count of a bayonet having been run through his foot. He served 
in the Invalid Corps until 1783, when he was legally discharged 
on pension, but unfortunately lost his discharge, and by that 
means was deprived of his depreciation, pension, and all other 
emoluments which are due to him from the State of New York, 
unless he can make it appear he served in the Invalid Corps 
after he left the New York line. After you have examined the 
rolls, you will be kind enough to send such a certificate back by 
Mr. Horton, the bearer, as will serve as a voucher for the Aud- 
itors of the State of New York, which is all they require. 
Your obedient servant, 

Joseph Morrell. 

Joseph Howell, Esq., Philadelphia. 

New York, August 2, 1785. 
Sir : — The Commissioner for settling the army accounts, to 
whom was referred the petition of James Gilleland, late a Cap- 
tain in the corps of Sappers and Miners, begs leave to report- 
that notwithstanding Captain Gilleland has stated in his peti- 
tion that he served in the army to the end of the war, it ap- 
pears by the returns of the corps and by the records of the War 
Office, that he resigned his commission on the 9th day of Oc- 
tober, 1782— which resignation, in the opinion of your Commis- 
sioner,debars him from the benefits of the resolution of Congress 
of the 16th September, 1776, granting lands, and of October 21st, 
1780, granting half-pay for life to such officers as shall continue 
in service to the end of the war ; that there is still due to James 
Gilleland some arrears of pay and subsistence, certificates for 
which will be issued to him on his application. 

I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
President of Congress. 



100 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

New York, August 2, 1785. 
Sir : — In answer to your note respecting the special paid to 
the officers of the army in the years 1782 and 1783, I beg leave 
to inform you that there has not been any advanced by a State 
to any of the lines to my knowledge on account of their pay, 
but the sum has been furnished by the United States under the 
arrangement of the Office of Finance, and I believe by no par- 
ticular resolution of Congress. The sum intended to be ad- 
vanced to the army under these regulations has been two 
months for officers of higher grades in 1782, and four months for 
the line in general in 1783, which was advanced in notes of the 
Superintendent of Finance, payable in six months to the North- 
ern army, and by bills at thirty and sixty days' sight for the 
Southern army. The Northern lines are completely paid, and 
there are considerable arrears, which I am endeavoring to as- 
certain with precision, now due to the Southern troops. 
I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Hon. Thomas McKean. 

New Yokk, August 10, 1785. 
Sir : — The Paymaster general, to whom was referred the peti- 
tion of Pierre Regnier de Rousse, late a Lieutenant-colonel in 
the fourth and second New York regiments, praying the depre- 
ciation on his pay, begs leave to report that it appears the 
petitioner resigned his commission on the 24th day of March, 
1780 ; that by the resolutions of Congress of the 10th day of 
April and of the 8th day of August, 17S0, and of the 15th of 
May and 12th of August, 1783, this allowance appears to be al- 
together restricted to the officers in the service on the 10th day 
of April, 1780 ; that Mons. Regnier conceives himself entitled to 
claim his depreciation, particularly as he was a foreigner pre- 
vious to the war, expecting that a distinction would be ad- 
mitted between foreign and domestic officers ; which principle 
the Paymaster-general humbly conceives to be improper, and 
not justified by any usage or resolution of Congress. He there- 
fore submits the following resolve : That Mons. Regnier, hav- 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 101 

ing resigned his commission prior to any promise of deprecia- 
tion, cannot, agreeable to the principles adopted by Congress 
in such cases, be entitled to this allowance. 

John Pierce, P. M. Gen. 
President of Congress. 

Annapolis, August 15, 1785. 

Sir :— I had a letter from Major Allen McLane, late of Lee's 
Legion, in answer to one I wrote him on the subject of an ad- 
vance by the State of Maryland, in which he requests the same 
may be charged to the United States, to be accounted for by 
him on final settlement ; and although I have already trans- 
mitted the account to your office, I have thought proper to 
mention the matter again, lest that might have been mislaid. 
The sum charged to Major McLane is £187 10, new emission, re- 
ceived in March, 1781, at the rate of 3} for 1, is £57 13 10, specie, 
for which sum please to charge him, and give the State of 
Maryland credit therefor. The certificates for horses taken, 
and purchased by Major McLane within this State, have all 
been taken up and liquidated by the State, and will be charged 
to the United States in general account. 

In answer to your letter of the 14th July, on the subject of 
the advance to the Baron De Kalb, I have to inform you that I 
never received any money from him, nor did I ever hear of his 
taking up any money for the purposes you mention until I re- 
ceived your letter. As soon as I receive answers to the in- 
quiries I have set on foot touching this business, I will write to 
you again thereon. 

With highest regard, I am your obedient servant, 

C. Richmond, Auditor-general. 
John Pierce, Esq. New York. 

Baltimore, August 18, 1785. 
Sir :— I have delayed answering yours of the 14th July, ex- 
pecting to be able to give you some information respecting the 
expenditure of the money received by the Baron De Kalb. I 
have not yet met with any person that can give me any infor- 
mation on the subject, more than that the Baron was known 



102 CORRESPONDENCE OP OFFICERS 

to have a large sum of money in his hands for the purpose of 
marching the troops to the southward, and that Captain Joseph 
Marbury, Quartermaster for the detachment, received part of 
it for the use of his department. I make no doubt but he has, 
or can account for what he received. He is now in Virginia. I 
will write to him on the subject, if an opportunity offers. I 
think, from considering the circumstances of the army, that 
but a small part of the money could have been expended. It 
soon became useless in procuring any thing whatever for the 
army, and recourse was had to other means for subsistence. 
With respect to arrearages of clothing, I doubt whether the 
,army ever received it. 

I am your most obedient servant, 

J. E. Howard. 

John Pierce, Esq., P. M. Gen., New York. 

New York, August 19, 1785. 
Gentlemen -.—The petition of John Buchanan, citizen of 
the State of New York, most respectfully showeth, that your pe- 
titioner was one among the first of the inhabitants of the State 
who avowed an opposition to the arbitrary measures of the 
British Government, and was honored with the command of a 
company of his fellow-citizens upon the first arrangement of 
the militia in this city, in the year 1775 ; that early in the year 
1776, your petitioner was employed by the Commander-in-chief, 
and by other Generals, in many confidential and difficult ser- 
vices, which he has had the happiness to execute to their satis- 
faction, and was in the year 1777 appointed a superintendent of 
the water-craft on the Hudson River ; that in the month of 
January, 1778, your petitioner being, with the boats under his 
command, at Tarrytown, far advanced of the enemy, and sta- 
tioned for their greater security in their winter cantonments, 
was apprised that a party of the enemy were approaching with 
an intent, among other objects, to destroy the boats and guard 
under his command, but he had the good fortune to either kill 
or make prisoners the whole of the party, although in the 
action he was wounded, and thereby not only disabled from 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 103 

service for a considerable time, but has in a great measure lost 
the use of his right arm forever ; that as soon as your petitioner 
was able to withdraw himself from the hospital, he again 
entered upon his duty, and on the 3d of February, 1779, was ap- 
pointed by General McDougall to a very troublesome and con- 
fidential service, and stationed at the garrison at West Point, 
which appointment was afterwards confirmed by General 
Washington, and in this station your petitioner remained to 
the close of the war ; that all the pay and subsistence of your 
petitioner was equal to that of a Captain in the line of the 
army ; yet, from the frequent changes in the Quartermaster- 
generaFs department, or causes which he knows not, there is 
due to him his pay from the 21st of August, 1778, to the 4th of 
August, 1780, and his subsistence for the same space of time, 
except while he was in the hospital ; and there is also due to 
him the depreciation of his pay from the 1st of September, 1777, 
to the said 21st of August, 1778. 

Your petitioner is therefore constrained to present his case to 
your honorable body, not doubting but that he will meet with 
that justice and favor which those who have faithfully served 
their country are entitled to ; and in proof of the facts which he 
has herein set forth, he is ready to produce the most substantial 

vouchers. 

John Buchanan. 

Honorable Congress of the United States. 

New York, August 22, 1785. 
Sir :— On examination of the claims of Lieutenant Pepin for 
the five years' full pay in lieu of half-pay for life, I find that he 
held a regular military commission in Colonel James Livings- 
ton's regiment ; that he was returned with sundry other officers 
on the 2od June, 1779, in the musters of the regiment, as a su- 
pernumerary, and furloughed under that idea for twelve months, 
which furlough, by a certificate of General Gates and Colonel 
Livingston, appears to have taken effect ; that his pay as a su- 
pernumerary officer was drawn as far as the rolls can be pro- 
cured, which i6 up to January 1, 1780 ; that in the vear 1780 he 



104 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

received a pass from one of the Aides of the Commander in- 
chief as a late Lieutenant of Livingston's regiment ; that he did 
duty in Malcolm's regiment in October, 1780, and was seen with 
the infantry in 1780 ; that he has settled his accounts of depre- 
ciation at the Treasury up to July 31, 1780. On which evidence, 
I am of opinion his military commission in the army of the 
United States was totally extinct on his becoming supernumer - 
ary ; that he has received in his settlement, and the money he 
has dnawn in his regiment, more than to the amount of the 
year's pay promised to supernumeraries at that time ; and that 
therefore, as there was then no other promise, he can have no 
claim, as a late officer of Colonel Livingston's regiment, to any 
further allowance to half-pay or commutation. 

The certificates that he produces, that he did duty afterwards 
in other corps, cannot, in my opinion, be construed as conferring 
another appointment on him as an officer, such appointment 
being derived immediately from Congress. They prove, indeed, 
that he served as a volunteer, and may entitle him to any allow- 
ances given to such characters ; but as the grant of commuta- 
tion is founded entirely on actual appointments, it is necessary 
that he prove such appointment was given to him again after 
leaving his late regiment. 

This opinion considers his right only as an officer, but should 
those of a Canadian be distinct from the rest of the army, it 
may not be properly founded. 

I have the honor to be you obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

President of Congress. 

New York, August 'Z9, 1785. 

Sir :— The commissioner for settling the army accounts, to 
whom was referred the petition of John Buchanan, lately em- 
ployed in the Quartermaster's department, begs leave to re- 
port —That his prayer for depreciation cannot at present be 
granted, Congress having in no instance giving it to officers in 
that department ; that his claim to pay and rations from August 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 105 

21, 1778, to August 4, 1780, appears properly to come under the 
consideration of the commissioner appointed for settling the ac- 
counts of the Quartermaster's department who is already in- 
vested with sufficient authority to finally liquidate the same ; 
that his claim for a proper allowance for his maintenance, in 
consequence of a wound receives in battle, arises from simple 
testimony, produced by him, that he received this wound in his 
right arm and shoulder in meritorious service, wherein he, with 
eighteen boatmen under his command, killed and took prisoners 
a party of twenty-five British new levies ; and that this wound 
has almost totally deprived him of the use of that right arm. 
Your commissioner therefore submits that he be considered as 
comprehended within the benefits of the ordinance of Congress 
of June 7, 1785, providing for those that have been disabled in 
the service, in the same manner as if he had been a Captain in 
the line. 

I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
President of Congress. 

Baltimore, Sept. 20, 1785. 
Sir : — I was from home when your letter of the 14th July was 
left at my office. It is not in my power to give you any satis- 
factory account of the money received by the Baron De Kalb 
in the year 17S0. Captain Marbury of the Maryland line acted 
at that time as Quartermaster to the Maryland division of the 
army, and probably received some part of it ; but I think it 
improbable that the regimental clothiers, forage-masters, or 
commissaries had much of it in their hands ; they were con- 
stantly with the troops, and we seldom encamped where there 
was anything to purchase. In my opinion, the Baron ex- 
pended the principal part of the money, or left it in Philadel- 
phia, for clothes and other articles to be forwarded. 

I am your obedient servant, 

O. H. Williams. 
John Pierce, Esq., New York. 



106 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Charleston, S. C, Sept. 15, 1785. 

Sir :— I have to acknowledge the receipt of your favor of the 
14th July, and am sorry I cannot furnish you with the informa- 
tion you wish, having none of the orderly books or papers re- 
lating to that campaign by me. I do not recollect the names of 
the staff officers you suppose the money might have been ad- 
vanced to, but believe Captain Joseph Marbury was the 
Deputy Quartermaster and Captain Roxburg the Commissary, 
both of the Maryland line. 

General Smallwood is now in Maryland, to whom I would 
recommend you to apply for information, and make no doubt 
he can acquaint you fully on the subject. 

I have the honor to be, with respect, your obedient servant. 

Mordecai Gist. 
John Pierce, Esq., New York. 

December 15, 1785. 

• Sir : — Some time last summer I inclosed a furlough given to 

me by Colonel Baylor, wherein he mentions I had one from 

General Greene, which I know he kept when he granted mine. 

Be pleased to be so very good as to say what can be done. 

Colonel Charles Magill will bring whatever you may honor 

him with. 

I am, sir, yours, 

Albion Throckmorton. 

Andrew Dunscomb, Esq., Richmond, Va. 

Stratford, April 18, 1786. 
Sir :— I received yours of the 8th inst. Agreeably to your re- 
quest, as also that of General Lamb's, I have forwarded to Mr. 
Bull a return of the men in my company who received the 
State bounty of £10, with my attestation thereon ; likewise I 
have inclosed a similar return to you with General Lamb's ac- 
count on the back — that is, a copy, being taken from his ac- 
count stated with me and balanced, as will appear. This con- 
tains the whole of the bounty received from State or Conti- 
nent. I have all the men's receipts to show for the receipt of 
the same, except John Fife's, who, I am pretty positive, re- 
ceived said bounty of £10 of Lieutenant Hughes, but I do not 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 107 

find his receipt : said Hughes had the note of me for that pur- 
pose. That makes the twenty-five recruits which I paid said 
bounty to, agreeably to which General Lamb credited me at 
the time, as you will see. Also you will perceive I paid, or de- 
livered to Captain Andrew Moody, four of said notes, for which 
he has credited me in his accounts. This, sir, comprehends the 
whole. I am inclined to believe that Captain Mott, as well as 
Moody, has a number of these notes. 

I am, dear sir, with respects to your family, 

Tour obedient servant, 
Robt. Walker, late Captain of Artillery. 

Col. Eleazek Oswald, New York. 

Salem, July 21, 1786. 

Sir :— Inclosed you will receive my account with the United 
States, and I must request your kind attention to it. By reason 
of sickness, I have delayed my account to this time, but hope 
you will be able to settle it ; and if any vouchers are necessary, 
please to inform me. But I must inform you that as I lost my 
baggage on the retreat from Ticonderoga, my receipts were all 
lost. 1 have the original minutes, which I then kept in my 
journal agreeable to each receipt. Having the journal in my 
pocket at that time, I preserved it. I have inclosed Paymaster 
Ebenezer Storer's certificate. Please to bear in mind that by 
the act of Congress interest is to be allowed from April, 1779. 
I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

Samuel Carlton, Lieut. Col. 

John Pierce, Esq., P. M. Gen., New York. 

Richmond, July 23, 1786. 

Sir :— Understanding that your office closes on Saturday, and 
finding that my claim as Aid-de-camp to General Lee cannot be 
liquidated here, I have ventured to solicit the favor of you to 
examine into its merits, and forward the result as speedily as 
possible. 

I was appointed as Aid to General Lee in May, 1778, and con- 
tinued until his suspension. I was at that time a Captain in 
the 15th Virginia regiment. 



108 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

My father, John Turberville, has a claim for a wagon, team, 
and negro, which were impressed in 1778, and never returned to 
him. If this will serve to stay his claim, I will forward on the 
exhibits to prove the impressment, &c, which, if they were not 
at a distance, should be forwarded by this post. 

I have the honor to be, with much esteem, your obedient 

servant, 

George L. Turberville. 
John Pierce, Esq., P. M. Gen., New York. 

July 31, 1786. 

Sir : — In consequence of orders received from the Board of 
Treasury, I settled Major Ottendorff s account, August 8, 1777, 
and paid him a balance of 516?"^ dollars. After the account was 
settled, I received a charge against him of 200 dollars advanced 
him by Mease & Caldwell, which the Major promised to account 
for when the receipt was produced. I applied to Mease & Cald- 
well for the same, who told me these receipts were lodged with 
the Treasury Board, and the matter still remains unsettled for 
that sum only. 

The Major says he has pay due him which will more than an- 
swer for that sum. You will please therefore to examine into 
the same, and if you think proper, settle with him accordingly. 
I am yours, 

William Palfrey. 

Major Clark. 

Savannah, . 

Sir: — I am inclined to think you will find it extremely diffi- 
cult, if not impossible, to settle the accounts of the Georgia line 
of the late army, so as to do equal justice to the individuals and 
the United States, by the mode you have hitherto adopted, un- 
less you take up the whole of their accounts from the beginning 
of their respective services, with those parts of the Quarter- 
master's and Commissary's departments, as each of them were 
entitled to, as they have already made them out themselves, 
and settled them in that manner with the Auditor of the State : 
for which I offer the following reasons, which I presume must 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 109 

justify you in any deviation you are obliged to make from your 
general instructions, and as you will find cannot suit this State. 
First, Because, by the distance of this State from Congress the 
little attention paid to it for some time, the neglect of men in 
office, and the uncertainty of conveyance, the several resolves 
and recommendations of Congress did not reach it to be put into 
execution in due time, prior to the 29th of December, 1778, when 
the State, and nearly the whole line of it, fell into the hands of 
the British, and were chiefly lost ever after. 

Second, Because, that after the capture of Savannah, and 
while the State of Georgia continued in the hands of the enemy, 
there was no regular government existing in the State, and 
therefore impossible they could take up any directions or recom- 
mendations from Congress respecting regulations, recruiting, 
supplies, depreciation of pay, &c, for their line of the late army 
as other States have done, until 'July, 1782, when the British 
evacuated Savannah ; and every officer, during that unfortunate 
period, who had been at large, or were released from imprison- 
ment, being driven from their country and property, took an 
active part in the other States, as they respectively found an op- 
portunity : and they look to Congress alone to make good their 
engagements, as the State they belonged to was rendered inca- 
pable. 

And lastly, Because, by an act of the Legislature of Georgia, 
passed at Augusta, 29th July, 1783, the first time they had 
leisure and opportunity to take up the business, all accounts of 
officers and soldiers of the Georgia line of the State, which were 
certified by any person authorized by Congress, or other au- 
thority under them, that such accounts as would be passed to 
the credit of the State with the United States, should be taken 
as cash in payment of all public sales, with an allowance of 12i 
per cent, in such payments, provided they were tendered with- 
in twelve months after the date of the act ; and was with some 
difficulty prolonged twelve months more the last session— there- 
fore the individuals must be capital losers, without any benefit 
to the United States, unless their accounts are taken up im- 



110 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

mediately, and altogether prior to the first of August, 1780, 
when Congress took upon themselves to make up all deficien- 
cies, as well as since that period — and as the State of Georgia 
was singularly unfortunate, though not for want of exertions, 
and rendered incapable of doing it before. 

I am, sir, your most obedient humble servant, 

Lachlin McIntosh, 
Late Brig. Gen. Commanding the Georgia Line. 
John Pierce, Esq., P. M. Gen., ) 
at Mrs. Minis's, Savannah. ) 

New York, Jan. 8, 1787. 

Sir :— I have delayed the gentleman who handed me your 
letter of the 30th ult. until this day, in order that I might my- 
self survey the whole muster-rolls of your regiment, and obtain 
a thorough information of all the circumstances that attend the 
recruiting of it ; and have now, from a consideration of these 
and the statement contained in your letter, formed an opinion 
that I shall not be justified, on the evidence before me, in 
making an allowance for your advances to your officers beyond 
what you have received from the public, if even they can be 
admitted to that amount. 

I hope, sir, that your knowledge of my character will lead 

you to believe, that in the decision I am influenced by no other 

principles but what I conceive to be my duty, and that there 

appears to me an absolute necessity, before your claim can be 

admitted, that you obtain the approbation of Congress. 

I am, dear sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Col. Israel Shreeve. 

Richmond, Va., May 18, 1787. 
Sir :— There was a large sum of Maryland paper money, which 
was issued under the act of Congress of March or April, 1780, 
left by an accident, in the year 1781, in the hands of a Mr. 
William S. Alexander, who acted as Quartermaster at Hillsboro 1 
in North Carolina ; after which, I am informed that it came in- 
to the hands of a Mr. Thomas Commander Russell, lately resid- 
ing at Charleston. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. Ill 

This latter man has been attempted to be found, but cannot. 
His wife says that he has gone a long way off — but where, she 
cannot tell. I am therefore of opinion he may be in Maryland, 
to dispose of the money. I give you this information, therefore, 
that you may be watchful, that in case any person should be 
known to be disposing of such money, you may inform me in 
this city, and also the Board of Treasury, as soon as possible, 
or take any other steps you may think advisable. 

I am your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

\ 



Thomas Harwood, Esq. 

Maryland Loan Office. 



Richmond, Va., May 18, 1787. 

Sir :— I have but now received your letter of April 15th, and 
am much surprised at the intelligence it contains. 

I wish you to find if this Russell has not come this way, or 

into this State. From some circumstances I am led to suppose 

that he, or some agent for him, is now selling this money. If 

you can trace him out, and give me any information about him, 

you will oblige me by communicating the same at this place, 

where I shall remain until about the first of August. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
John Neufville, Esq. 

Richmond, May 18, 1787. 

Sir:— Your letter of the 7th Last., with its inclosures, has 
arrived. 

I am so much engaged in the State's business, that I have not 
attended to Dr. Bond's claim sufficiently to form an opinion on 
it. I am doing some other business for him with this State, 
and will write to him on both, when I have accomplished this. 
I rather think his pay ought to be extended to January, 1785. 

I do not well recollect what opinion I had formed respecting 
General Putnam's demands ; but this I remember, that it ap- 
peared to me that he must be charged with the 3,000 dollars he 
gave his note for to Mr. Bedlow, or for so much of it as is un- 



112 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

accounted for. It did not appear to me clearly that he was en- 
titled to his rations, because he did no actual duty, and his pay 
and commutation appeared as sufficient compensation to him. 
Pay, I considered as equivalent to services, and rations, to ex- 
penses in that service, which he would not be at while at home. 
It occurs to me, however, that the idea struck me that his con- 
finement by sickness might make a difference, though I believe 
it did not in his case. You must take the opinion of the Treasury 
or Comptroller, and do as you think proper, remembering, in 
case the allowance is made, there must be clear proof that he 
drew no rations during the time. 

I conclude that the duplicates to General Huntington's papers 
are as good as originals. His case, I suppose, must be referred to 
Congress. 

I wish you to lay the copy of Mr. Neufville's letter before the 
Board of Treasury, and request information from the Board if 
they have heard from Alexander, and where he is. In the mean 
time, as I am now but a little more than a hundred miles from 
the place where he acted as Quartermaster, I shall endeavor to 
find him out. 

I want from you copies of his receipt to the express, and of Mr. 
Clay's attested account- current with him. You will find them in 
my letter to Mr. Neuf ville or to the Board of Treasury, when I 
first informed them of this money. It is uncertain when my bus- 
iness here will be closed. My compliments to Mrs. Howell. 

Since writing the above, I imagine I have got a clue to find out 
where the man is who has, or has had, the public money in his 
hands which was lodged with Alexander, I wish you therefore 
to advise with the Board, and obtain such legal authority as will 
enable me to prosecute Alexander, in case I find it necessary. His 
original receipt is in Mr. Nourse's office, among my vouchers. 
Clay's attested account is among his papers, in Mr. Nourse's of- 
fice. Your immediate attention to this may be of importance. 
I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

Joseph Howell, Esq. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 113 

Richmond, May 21, 1787. 
Sir :— I take the liberty to request you to inform me if a Wil- 
liam S. Alexander, or a Thomas Commander Russell, can be 
found in your State, and where? 

My reasons for troubling you on this occasion are, that I have 
good evidence that a large sum of the public money is in one or 
both their hands, and that they are appropriating it to their pri- 
vate purposes, and that in ease they are found, it is essential that 
they are not alarmed by any notice of my pursuit of them. 

As Mr. Alexander may be known at Hillsboro', you will oblige 
the public very essentially, if you have a correspondent there, 
by writing to him for this information, which I wish to have 
communicated to me, in this city, as soon as possible. 
I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
Gen. Allen Jones. 

New York, Sept. 13, 1787. 
Gentlemen : — In the letter which I did myself the honor to 
write to the Board, on the 3d inst., I informed the Board that 
Mr. Clay knew that the money which I there referred to was 
lodged in Alexander's hands for him, and that therefore it was 
his neglect that he did not secure it for the use of the public ; 
but having since examined more minutely into Mr. Clay's letters 
and returns, I find that he has not only received this money 
from Alexander, but acknowledges, in express terms, that he 
considers himself accountable for it. 

I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Richmond, Feb. 18. 1788. 

Sir : — Extreme hurry of business has prevented my sending you 

the return desired until now— it must also plead for the manner 

in which it is drawn, as I had not time to give a more official 

look to the writing. 

I am, with much regard, your obedient servant, 

Andrew Dunscomb. 
Joseph Howell, Esq. 



114 



CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 



Return of men belonging to and considered as part of the quota of the State of 
Virginia in Hazen's, Lee's, Armand's, and Invalid corps. Those entitled to 
land are marked ♦. 

HAZEN'S CORPS. 



♦John Taylor, Major. 
♦Tarleton Woodson, Major. 
♦Richard Edmonston, Sergeant. 
♦William Easton, " 

♦John Walden, Corporal. 
♦Cornelius Bearly, " 
"James McGeorge, Private. 
* Ralph Moore, " 

♦Mark Kenton, Sergeant. 
*Thomas Hogan, " 

William Str other, " 
*John Alexander, " 

Charles Moorehead, " 
*.Julias Hite, Corporal. 

Richard Marshall, " 

John Hopper, " 

James White, " 

♦Richard Johnson, " 
*Joseph Braun, " 

Richard Hall, 
♦Andrew Coon, Trumpeter. 

William Haynes, Private. 
♦Ephraim Andrew, 
♦William Burke, 
*James Bland, 
♦John Barber, 
♦Robert Furgeson, 
John Fennell, 
John Purcell, 
♦James Swart, 
Joseph Tankersley, 
♦Benjamin Tyler, 
John Walden, 
♦John Brannan, 
William Groves, 
Charles Owens, 
* William Halbert, 



*John Percival, Corporal. 
♦Edward Brooks, Private. 
♦William O'Neil, 
♦Michael Hailstock, Drummer. 
♦Michael McGomery, Lieutenant. 
♦Reuben Taylor, Captain. 
♦James Campbell, Private. 
♦Charles Galloway, " 
LEE'S LEGION. 

Joseph Owens, Private. 

Samuel Thompson, " 
♦Thomas Almond, " 
♦John Green, " 

William Rogers, 
♦Andrew Brann, " 

George Foster, 
♦William Binns, 

William Huff, 
♦William Hailey, 
♦Thomas Thornhill, 
♦William Lewis, " 

Randolph McDaniel, " 

William Loden, " 

♦William Bransford, " 
♦William Bigbee, 

William Dennis, 
♦ Daniel Gray, " 

John Fleace, " 

♦Brothers Thompson, " 
♦John Brett, 
♦John Wiggonton, 
♦Silas Johnson, 
♦John Gardiner, 
♦Samuel Avery, 
♦William Garner, 
Berry Shields, 
David Partello, " 

Robert Meydon, " 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



115 



Robert Fishkin, I 

♦Green Robinson, 
Andrew Tosh, 

♦Robert Welch, 
Daniel Campbell, 
Thomas Chapman, 
Richard Cooper, 

♦Thomas Fisher, 
Redman Cruze, 
Thomas Whitlock, 
James Selcock, 
James Hutchinson, 
Jacob Lynn, 

*Wheedon Smith, 
David Hambrich, 

*John Morris, 
Richard Riely, 
Thomas Jones, 

* William Hunt, 

* Godfrey Smith, 
James Wood, 
Tandy Holman, 
Francis Ramsay, 
John Richmond, 
Benjamin Jackson, 
Isaac Fanchaw 
James Thompson, 

♦Charles Bryan, 



ARMAND'S 

Sergeant. 



*Wiiliam Bawcut, 
*John Nunelay, " 

*Jacob Hiliff, 
*Detrich Geisekus, " 

♦Jesse Farmer, Corporal. 

♦Lewis Dupont, " 

♦Frederick Wattsbach, " 
♦John Lloyd, Farrier. 
♦Robert Teate, " 
♦Gothiel Glass, Trumpeter. 
♦James Jenkins, Wagoner. 
♦John Rock, Private. 

♦Samuel Young, " 



William Carpenter, Private. 

Daniel Hailey, " 

Darien Henderson, Qr. Mr's Ser- 
geant. 

John Champe, Sergeant. 

Robert Paver, " 

John Mitchell, 

Wm, B. Harrison, " 
♦John Briggs, Private. 

John Wheeler, 

James Wheeler, 

Benjamin Strother, 
♦William Buckley, 

George Newman, 

John Sorrell, 

Joseph Davidson, 

Peter Crawford, 

Henry Aires, 

John Myers, 

John Zachary, 

Thomas Hattaway, 
♦Ranson Bridges, 

Elijah Walbrow, 

Isaac Mooney, 

John Johnson, 

Minor Smith, 

Conrad Patterson, 

Joseph Asberry, 
CORPS. 

♦William Abnor, Private. 
*Thomas Davis, " 

♦John Collins, " 

♦Thomas Somerset, " 

♦William Thomson, 
♦Solomon Alexander, 
♦John Smith, 
♦Richard Piles, " 

♦Peter Walker, 
♦Godrell Lively, 
♦Henry Brider, 
♦William Spencer, 
♦Jacob Lawrence, " 



116 



CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 



♦Nathan Glasby, Private, 

♦Robert Strahan, " 
♦Joseph Gray, " 

♦Samuel Wells, 

*William Bennett, " 

*John Thompson, " 

*J olin Smith, " 

♦John Steele, " 

*James Busby, " 
* William Davis, 

*Bowlin Coates, " 
♦Nathan Farmer, 
♦Henry Howard, 

*James Ramsay, " 
♦James Nash, 

*Thomas Collins, " 
♦John Watts, 

♦John Buzby, " 

♦George Walker, " 

♦Joseph Harton, " 
*Pressley Anderweek, " 

*John Baumaster, " 

*George Mayor, " 

♦Jones Jordan, " 

*James Ramsay, " 
♦John Bryan, 

♦Lewis Langene, " 

*Andrew Le Burn, " 
♦Matthew Duchene, 

*Lewis Bellbose, " 

♦John Le Barre, " 

♦John Connor, Jun., " 

♦John Mills, " 
*John O'Briant 
* William Carr, 

*Clement Green, " 
*Thomas Dove, 

*Henry Jacobs, " 

♦Edward Newton " 

John Jones, Sergeant. 
William Roach, " 



♦John Elliott, Private. 

♦Benjamin Toltman, " 
*John Calligan, " 

*Peter Jackson, " 

*John Burdoin, " 

*Mark Woods, 
*Richard Chapman, ' 
♦James Paul, 
*James Key, " 

*Michael La Rochelle, " 
*John Ville, 

♦Arnold La Rekausance," 
*John Conner, sen., " 

♦Charles Brussell, " 

♦John Mowit, " 

♦James Adams, 
♦George Doughty, 
♦Michael Hardofler, 
♦William Davis, 
♦Barney Connor, 
♦William Marshall, 
♦James McClean, " 

♦John Smith, 
♦Stephen Gendell, 
♦John Goodwin, " 

♦Anthony La Rue, " 

♦Joseph De Court, lt 

♦Peter Sans Quartier, 
♦John F. Slicker, 
♦William Dowlins, 
♦Charles Milling, 
♦Duncan Young, " 

♦Christian Shrawder, " 
♦John Nalton, 
♦John Wright, 
♦Michael La Motte, , " 
♦Nicholas Coquette, 
♦Francis Fleury, 
♦John Waters, 
GIBB'S GUARDS. 

I William Jones, Private, 

William Harris, " 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



117 



John Edge, Private. 

Joseph Parker, " 

Shedrack Painstone, 
William Coram, 
Frederick Young, Sergeant. 
Henry Randolph, Corporal., 
John Bell, Private. 

Robert Wadsworth, " 
Thomas Allen, 
William Palmer, " 

John King, 
James Timberlake, 
James Johnson, " 

Pendleton Isbell, 
John Bodine, 
John Sterne, 
Abram Vansickle, 



Spencer Hill, 
Henry Pullen, 
Raleigh Christian, 
John Smith, 
Reaps Mitchell, 
William O'Neale, 
Williamson Place, 
John Dawes, 
Willmore Cooper, 
Andrew Harrison, 
William Mclntire, 
Thomas Howl, 
Lewis Flemiston, 
Henry Perry, 
John Stockdell, 
Miles Brown, 



*Miles Cardiff, 
*John Massey, ' 

*Wm. Bedwerth, ' 
*Abram Levi, 
*Abraham Nettles, 

* Archibald Rowan, 

* William Woodford 
^Joseph West, 
*Charles Lenox, 
*Luke Brady, 
*Michael Drake, 
*John Corbett, 
*Barnhard McGaw, 
*Lewis Holmes, 
*3mith Steven, 
*A!ex. Dukey, 
*Edward Harriss, 
*John Martin, 
*Thomas Brown, 

* James Shaw, 

* Dennis Diskill, 



INVALID CORPS. 
Corporal. *John Meurdugh, Private. 

*Andrew McGuire, 
*Edward Johnson, 
*Robert Beakham, 
*James Wright, 
*Patrick McCline. 
*James Wheaton, 
*James Gordon, 

* William Posey, 
*Joel Harlow, 
*Peter Collings, 
*James Rodley, 
*James Anderson, 

* William Morgan, 
*Samuel Hodgin, 
*Robert Clark, 
*Cornelius McGomery 
*Joseph Robnett, 
*John Wilson, 
*Henry Lawson, 
*John Smith, 

Those not marked are three years men. 



118 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

January 8, 1790. 

Sir :— I have carefully examined the accounts of General 
Moses Hazen against the United States, as stated and reported 
by the late Mr. Pierce, and find in that statement every allow- 
ance which the acts of Congress and the rules of the department 
will admit, and I might add, all that equity and good conscience 
require. 

The first material objection, I understand, made by General 
Hazen to the transit of his account in its present form, is the 
reduction of a balance, unaccounted for in the old emissions of 
Continental currency, at the rate of 20 for 1, the exchange in 
June, 1779, instead of a depreciation of 40 for 1, in January, 1780. 

The inclosed paper, No. 1, is an arrangement of the sums re- 
ceived by General Hazen in old emisssions, and their subse- 
quent appropriations, and shows that the adoption of the scale 
in June, 1779, is going as far in favor of the claimant as justice 
to the United States will admit, and proves that considerable 
sums remained in his possession at the time of his demands for 
further supplies. 

The next objection of consequence to the statement, is the 
liquidation of a payment made by him into the hands of the 
Deputy Paymaster-general in the year 1780, insisting that it 
should be opposed to the charges for old emissions received. 
If sir, this had been a payment of money, and it would appear 
even possible that it was a proportion of the sums received from 
the treasury of the United States, then justice might give her 
sanction to the demand; but the inclosed paper, No. 2, will show 
that no part of it was money, but, on the contrary, was war- 
rants drawn by the Commander-in-chief in favor of sundry 
officers for extra service in 1780, and those warrants dated 
nearly at the same time in which they were received by the 
Deputy Paymaster-general. 

General Hazen also insists on the propriety of opposing to the 
sums in old emissions charged him, the amount of a certificate 
granted by Clement Biddle, Esq., in 1780, for forage due him. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 119 

U pon this I may add, sir, that Mr. Pierce's liquidation of it is 
in exact conformity with the rules and forms established in all 
the offices of the United States. Warrants drawn by the Com- 
mander-in-chief are reduced to specie by the scale of deprecia- 
tion at the date of the warrant. Quartermasters' and Com- 
missaries' certificates are liquidated upon the same principles, 
without inquiry into the time of furnishing the articles, or per- 
forming the service for which these certificates issued. It will 
remain for the Comptroller of the Treasury to say whether Gen- 
eral Hazen's particular service to his country will authorize a 
departure from rules of office so long established, and which 
have received the approbation of so great a variety of officers. 

The account in which there is the greatest difference between 
General Hazen's expectancy and Mr. Pierce's admissions, is for 
recruiting, he charging and insisting upon an allowance for 341 
men, said to be recruited in 1781 and 1782, at 20 dollars for each. 

Upon the most exact and critical examination of the muster- 
rolls, only 186 of them appear mustered in those years. 

If, sir, the practice of the army had been that an officer pro- 
ducing a man, and having him mustered, was sufficient to en- 
title the officer to the bounty of twenty dollars and the prem- 
ium for enlisting him, then the same rule must consequently be 
applied to this claim; but I believe, sir, that very different was 
the practice. 

The officer was required to produce the enlistments with the 
receipt of the recruit for his full bounty. In case of the acci- 
dental loss of these enlistments and receipts, recurrence was 
had to the muster rolls, which, with the officer's deposition to 
the truth of the several charges, were considered as sufficient 
to the passage of his account. I am not sure that General 
Hazen has declared his having paid the bounty charged in his 
account ; but if he does, the papers contain such a weight of 
evidence to the contrary, as must, in the opinion of every im- 
partial and disinterested person, entirely invalidate his testi- 
mony. 



120 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

The method adopted by Mr. Pierce in ascertaining the bounty 
paid by General Hazen is shown in the papers. He had in pos- 
session five accounts of General Hazen's officers, exhibiting the 
actual disbursements in recruiting 129 men. These amounted 
to nine hundred and fourteen dollars, averaging little more 
than seven dollars for each recruit, and would produce thirteen 
hundred and .eighteen dollars for 186 men, calculating at the 
same rate. Although this cannot be positive for more than 129 
men, yet the testimony of the officers affords the strongest pre- 
sumptive evidence that no greater than a proportionate sum 
was paid for the remainder. 

There appears a charge against General Hazen of 26,692™ dol- 
lars, old emissions : included in the account of Mr. Chinn, Pay- 
master to the regiment, a receipt of General Hazen's appears 
for 15,269 dollars, dated in October, 1779. A part of the above 
sum, and the other payments, are stated by Mr. Chinn to have 
been made in 1778. These, I am of opinion, remain to be 
debited to General Hazen, as they do not appear to have been 
introduced into the account-current stated by Mr. Pierce. 

It appears from the proceedings of Congress of 26th April, 
1785, that the accounts of General Hazen were referred, for final 
adjustment, to the Board of Treasury. Although they did not 
formerly report their decision upon the charges, yet I believe, 
upon inquiry, it will be found there was an entire coincidence 
of opinion between that honorable Board and Mr. Pierce. 

The foregoing is a reference to papers and evidence, I 
suppose, most essential to the Comptroller in his examination 
of the account. 

John Wright. 

To the Comptroller. 

Boston, May 9, 1191. 
Sir :— Your favor of the 18th of April, inclosing objection to 
some officers and soldiers charged by'the State, as appears by 
the Commissioners of army accounts to be paid to men who 
were omitted at a certain time in the returns, or were never 
mustered, has been received. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 121 

To the settlement with the Massachusetts line of the Conti- 
nental army, I have been one of the Committee from the begin- 
ning, and can assert from my knowledge that the Committee 
were very careful and attentive that no officer or soldier should 
be considered in the line of depreciation for the first three 
years, or for their pay in 1780, but those that, by the returns 
from the Colonels or Commanders of regiments to the Com- 
mittee, stood fair to be considered in respect of pay ; that no 
officer that was not by the return honorably discharged, or no 
soldier that was returned deserted, should ever be considered in 
the line of depreciation, or the same charged to the United 
States as receiving pay : and if any mistake took place in this 
respect, it did arise from the officer's returns, for the returns of 
the officers were the foundation on which the Committee pro- 
ceeded in making the settlement with officers or soldiers. You 
must note that the Committee, in settling with the army for 
the first three years, presumed that all officers and soldiers re- 
ceived from the United States the nominal sum of their wages 
in camp, and accordingly charged them with the real value, 
and this was deducted from the whole amount of their wages — 
whatever the balance was after this deduction, was charged 
the United States. 

In the settlement for the year 1780, the General Court ordered 
the Committee to credit the officers and soldiers with the depre- 
ciation for their not receiving this nominal sum in camp in 
season, and as it became due with interest thereon, 'which, for 
a private soldier that served the whole of the first three years, 
amounted to £6 1 3, which sum he had credit for in the settle- 
ment for 1780, in addition to his pay for service in 1780, which 
was also charged the United States, with his pay for the time 
of service. 

I shall now proceed to give you the information respecting 
those officers and soldiers which you mention to me were 
objected to. 



122 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

The First, or Vose^s Regiment. 
Jonathan Norton, private, returned in Capt. Hancock's Co. as 

serving the whole three years. 
Henry Rasnor, private, returned in Capt. Hancock's Co. as in- 
valided, but made up in the regiment. 
Pierce Moran, private, returned in Capt. Hunt's Co. as invalid - 

ed, but made up in the regiment. 
Peter Lahare, private, returned in Capt. Hunt's Co. as serving 

from May 17, 1777, to Dec. 31, 1779. 
Arthur Day, private, returned in Capt. Hunt's Co. invalided, 

but made up in the regiment. 
Daniel Preble, private, returned in Major Coggswell's Co. as 

died July 15, 1779. 
Daniel Bradley, private, returned in Capt. Cushing's Co. as died 

Nov. 11, 1777. 
Daniel Vicory, private, returned in the Lieut. Colonel's Co. as 

serving the whole time. 
Daniel Dyer, private, returned in the Lieut. Colonel's Co. as 

serving the whole three years. 
Asa Hatch, private, returned in the Lieut. Colonel's Co. as de- 
serted July 4, 1779, returned to his duty in 17S0, per Col. 

Vose's certificate. 
James Wesson, private, returned in Major Coggswell's Co. as 

deserted, but returned to his duty, and enlisted for during 

the war. 

Tlxe Second Regiment. 
Josiah Blood, Corporal, returned in the Colonel's Co. discharged 

Feb, 1, 1779. 
William Waterman, private, returned in 3d Co. as died Feb. 15, 

1777. 
Enoch Stocker, private, returned in 3d Co. as invalided. 
Abner Hall, private, returned as serving the whole time. 
Benoni Barrell, private, returned in 4th Co. as discharged May 

12, 1778. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 123 

The Third Regiment. 

Ebenezer Priest, private, returned in Capt. Summer's Co. as en 
command with Qr. Mr. Gen. at Boston. 

Justin Day, private, returned in Capt. Flower's Co. as serving 
the whole time from April 18, 1778. 

Abel Hancock, private, returned in Capt. Cotton's Co. as inva- 
lided. 

Josiah Lyon, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Foster's Co. as inva- 
lided. 

Stephen "Whiting, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Foster's Co. as 
killed July 22, 1777. 

The Fourth Regiment. 

Ebenezer Brewster Gould, Lieutenant, returned by Col. Shepard 
as lst-Lieut. in his regiment, Jan. 1, 1777, to April 12, 1778. 

Nathaniel Gale, private, returned in Capt. Learnard's Co. as 
serving from Jan. 1, 1777, to Jan. 1, 1778. 

Gershom Whiting, private, returned in Capt. Field's Co. as died 
Nov. 20, 1777. 

Jacob Renard, private, returned in Capt. Field's Co. discharged 
after serving 26 days. 

John Herrick, private, returned in Capt. Moore's Co. as serving 
the whole time. 

Moses Town, private, returned in Capt. Moore's Co. as invalided. 

Charles Flacaty, private, returned as taken prisoner June 20, 
1777. 

John Bowers, private, returned in Capt. Field's Co. as died July 
1, 1777 : his allowance for delay of payment makes the dif- 
ference. 

The Fifth Regiment. 

Benjamin Jacobs, private, returned in Capt. Gardners Co. as 
discharged Oct. 24, 1777. 

Butler Everett, private, returned in Capt. Mose's Co. as dis- 
charged Oct. 15, 1777. 

Daniel Gilson, private, returned in Capt. Mose's Co. as dis- 
charged Oct. 24, 1777. 



124 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Josiah Mills, private, returned in Capt. Mose's Co. as discharged 

Oct. 24, 1777. 
John Conn, private, returned in the Colonel's Co. as transferred 

to Col. Smith's regiment May 15, 1777. 
James Gray, private, returned in the Colonel's Co. as invalided, 

but made up in the regiment. 
Samuel Winship, private, returned in the Colonel's Co. as dis- 
charged Aug. 1, 1777. 
Barney Ryan, private, returned in the Colonel's Co. from March 

30, 1779, to Dec. 31, 1779. 
Thomas Whaling, private, returned in Capt. Benson's Co. as 

discharged Sept. 5, 1777. 
Nathaniel Pease, private, exchanged for John Webb, August 28, 

1777, in Capt. Whipple's Co. 

The Sixth Regiment. 

Eliakim Danforth, Ensign, returned in the 6th regiment as re- 
signed March 1, 1779. 

Ebenezer Crane, private, returned in Capt. Speer's Co. as dis- 
charged Jan. 11, 1778. 

Edmund Britt, private returned in Capt. Holden's Co. as serv- 
ing the whole time from Jan. 1, 1777, to Jan. 1, 1780. 

John Dean, private, returned in Capt. Holden's Co. as died July 
18, 1777. 

Daniel Deland, private, returned in Capt. Holden's Co. as in- 
valided. 

Jesse Fowler, private, returned in Capt. Holden's Co. for the 
whole time. 

Jacob Holliday, private, returned in the Colonel's Co. as dis- 
charged Sept. 19, 1779. 

Benajah Woodbury, private, returned in the Colonel's Co. as 
serving the whole time to December 31, 1779. 

Nathan Beard, private, returned in 7th Co. as invalided. 

Benjamin Baldwin, do. do. do. do. 

Jonathan Frost, do. do. do. do. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 125 

The Seventh Regiment. 

John Woodman, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Lane's Co. to Oct. 
10, 1779, and then promoted to an officer. 

John Cole, private, returned in Capt. Lane's Co. for the whole 
time. 

Charles Hudsom, private, returned in Capt. Lane's Co. as taken 
prisoner Nov. 10, 1778, and charged with £50 8 10 as pay. 

Robert Paeco, private, returned as being in Boston Jail May 12, 
1777. 

Joseph Appleby, private, returned in Capt. Lane's Co. as serv- 
ing from Feb. 28, 1778, to Dec. 31, 1779. 

Richard Tilly, private, returned in the 3d Co. as discharged 
Sept. 2, 1777. 

Daniel Dana, private, returned in Capt. Day's Co. as taken pris- 
oner July 31, 1777. 

Sylvanus Burke, private, returned in Capt. Day's Co. as dis- 
charged Nov. 11, 1777. 

Luke Day, private, returned in Capt. Day's Co. as discharged 
Nov. 11, 1779. 

Jessie Cole, private, returned in Capt. Day's Co. as discharged 
Nov. 11, 1779. 

Abiger Richmond, private, returned in Capt, Day's Co. as dis- 
charged Sept. 15, 1777. 

Abijah Addition, private, returned in Capt. Reed's Co. as serv- 
ing to December 31, 1779. 

James Parmeter, private, returned in Capt. Reed's Co. as serv- 
ing to December 31, 1779. 

Thomas Ross, private, returned in Capt. Reed's Co. as invalided. 

Edward Dascon, private, returned in Capt. Lane's Co. as serv- 
ing the whole time. 

The Eighth Regiment. 

David Hill, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Burnam's Co. as died 
Sept. 2, 1778. 

James Kittle, private, returned in Capt. Burnam's Co. as died 
Feb. 15, 1778. 



126 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

William Bunton, private, returned in Capt. Burnam's Co. as 
deserted after serving 9 months. 

Daniel Whailin, private, returned as a deserter, after 3 month's 
6 days' service. 

Michael McLaughlin, private, returned as a deserter, after serv- 
ing 12 days. 

Peter Ross, private, returned in Captain Burnam's Co. as a 
deserter, after 15 months' 18 days' service. 

Daniel Gray, private, returned in Capt. Burnam's Co. as died 
Aug. 5, 1778. 

Luther Topliff, private, returned in Capt. Burnam's Co. as serv- 
ing the whole time. 

Stephen Varnum, private, returned in Capt. Cleveland's Co. 
as died May 30, 1777. 

James Bailey, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Bancroft's Co. as 
serving the whole time. 

George Lord, private, returned in Capt. Wiley's Co. as died Oct. 
8, 1777. 

The Ninth Regiment 

Stephen Elbridge, Qr. Mr's. Sergeant, returned in the Major's 
Co. as serving the whole time. 

Joseph Gray, private, returned in Capt. Watson's Co. as serving 
the whole time. 

John Matterson, private, returned in Capt. Watson's Co. as dis- 
charged May 1, 1778. 

Samuel Maxfield, private, returned in Capt. Dix's Co. as dis- 
charged Dec. 24, 1777. 

William Gordon, private, returned in Capt. Blanchard's Co. as 
invalided. 

Seth Sturdivant, private, returned in 2d Co. as serving the 
whole time. 

John Newcomb, private, returned in Capt. Carr's Co. as deserted 
March 1, 1778. 

The Tenth, or Marshall's Regiment. 

Seth Delino, Sergeant, returned in Lieut. Colonel's Co. as taken 
prisoner. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 127 

Henry Blasdell, private, returned in the Colonel's Co. as died 

May 7, 1777. 
Edmond Horton, private, returned in the Colonel's Co. as in- 
valided. 
Ebenezer Bowman, Private, returned in the 1st Co. as died 

April 20, 1777. 
William Condell, private, returned in the 1st Co. for the whole 

time. 
Peter Franklin, private, returned in the 1st Co. as died April 21, 

1777. 
Abel Moon, private, returned in the 1st Co. as died April 1st, 1777. 
Richard Barnard, private, returned in the 2d Co. as invalided. 
Elisha Munsell, private, returned in 2d Co. as Invalided. 
Silas Carter, private, returned in 3d Co. as discharged June 20, 

1777. 
Levi Carter, private, returned in the 3d Co. as hiring a man to 

take his place Sept. 1, 1779. 
John Conway, private, returned in the 4th Co. as invalided. 
Samuel Payson, private, returned in the 4th Co. as taken 

prisoner July 6, 1777. 
Colburn Barrett, private, returned in the 5th Co. as died Nov. 

30, 1777. 
Esperana Litchfield, private, returned in the 5th Co. as died 

May 1, 1778. 
Joseph Vinal, private, returned in the 5th Co. for the whole time. 
Nathan Crosby, private, returned in the Major's Co. as died 

July 6th 1777. 

The Eleventh, or Col. Benj. Tapper's Regiment. 
John Skillings, Captain, returned by Col. Tupper for the time 

he is made up. 
Peter Martin, private, returned in Capt. Abbott's Co. as drafted 

into Gen. Washington's Life Guards. 
Sampson Faye, Private, returned in Captain Abbott's Co. as 

serving from July 29, 1779, to Dec. 31, 1779. 
William Watkins, private, returned in Capt. Abbott's Co. as 

serving from July 89, 1779, to Dec. 31, 1779. 



128 . CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

John Lovejoy, private, returned in Capt. Abbott's Co. as died 

Oct, 13, 1778. 
Amos Knowlton, private, returned in Capt. Abbott's Co. as 

died June 30, 1778. 
Daniel Lainpson, private, returned in Capt. Porter's Co. for the 

whole time. 
Richard Lee, private, returned in Capt. Porter's Co. as died 

May 1, 1777. 
John Smith, private returned in Capt. William Greenleaf's Co. 

for the whole time. 
Solomon Aubire, private, returned in Capt. Greenleaf's Co. as 

died Oct. 4, 1778. 
Daniel Collings, private, returned in Capt. Greenleaf's Co. as 

died Dec. 7. 1777. 
Syphax Carey, private, returned in Capt. Greenleaf's Co. as 

died Dec. 15, 1777. 
Jacob Lunt, private, returned in Capt. Greenleaf's Co. for the 

whole time. 
William Lewis, private, returned in Capt. Greenleaf's Co. for 

the whole time. 
Newport Richardson, private, returned in Capt. Greenleaf's Co. 

for the whole time. 
John Askins, private, returned in Capt. Greenleaf's Co. for the 

whole time 
John Annis, private, returned in Capt. Greenleaf's Co. for the 

whole.time. 
John Fielding, private,;returned in Capt. Greenleaf's Co. for the 

whole time. 
John Hutchinson, private, returned in Capt. Greenleaf's Co. for 

the whole time. 
Oliver page, "private, returned in Capt. Greenleaf's Co. as dis- 
charged Nov. 15, 1777. 
Ifathan Filburt, private, returned in Capt. Page's Co. as died 

Jan. 15, 1778. 
Abraham Doyle, private, returned in Capt. Page's Co. as in- 
valided. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 129 

William Rea, private, returned in Capt. Page's Co. for the whole 
time. 

Jerome Hutehins, private, returned in Capt. Page's Co. for the 
time he is made up for. 

William McKinney, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Clark's Com- 
pany as promoted to Ensign, April 3, 1777. 

Reuben Clough, private, returned in Capt. Clark's Co as died 
Oct 1, 1777. 

Jonathan Lumbard, private, returned in Capt Clark's Co. as 
taken prisoner July 7, 1777. 

Philander Smith, private, returned in Capt. Clark's Co. as died 
Oct. 20, 1777. 

James Snow, private, returned in Capt. Francis' Co. as dis- 
charged May 28, 1777. 

Joshua Hatch, private, returned in Capt. Francis' Co. as dis- 
charged Jan. 21, 1778. 

John Whoston, private, returned in Capt. Francis' Co. as dis- 
charged May 20, 1777. 

Tobias Pillsbury, private, returned in Capt. Marbury's Co. as 
invalided, and discharged Dec. 21, 1779. 

Reuben Libby, private, returned, in Capt. Maybury's Co. as in- 
valided. 

Bartholomew Thompson, private, returned in Capt. Maybury's 
Co. as discharged Jan. 19, 1778, by order of Maj. Gen. Heath. 

William Sayer, private, returned in Capt. Maybury's Co. as died 
July 1, 1778. 

John Lombs, private, returned in Capt. Clark's Co. as died 
July 7, 1777. 

James Ryon, private, returned in Capt. Maybury's Co. as taken 
prisoner July 7, 1777. 

Hannaniah Clark, private, returned in Capt. Maybury's Co. as 
taken prisoner, and died March 1, 1779. 

Ebenezer Chase, private returned in Capt. Maybury's Co. as 
discharged May 28, 1778. 

John Miller, private, returned in Capt. Maybury's Co. as dis- 
charged May 28, 1778. 



1W CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

Thomas Jones, private, returned in Capt. Maybury's Co. as died 
July 7, 1777. 

Benj Bailey, private, returned in Capt. White's Co. as taken 
prisoner July 7, 1777. 

Thomas Foot, returned in Capt. White's Co. as discharged Jan- 
uary 1, 1779. 

Jonathan Osburn, private, returned in Capt. White's Co. as 
died Oct. 15, 1779. 

Timothy Pratt, private, returned in Capt. White's Co. as killed 
July 7, 1777. 

Richard Poor, private, returned in Capt. White's Co. as taken 
prisoner July 7, 1777. 

John Shannon, private, returned in Capt. White's Co. as killed 
July 7, 1777. 

David Thompson, private, returned in Capt. White's Co. as 
killed July 7, 1777. 

William Wilson, private, returned in Capt. White's Co. as taken 
prisoner July 7, 1777. 

Thomas Wilham, private, returned in Capt. White's Co. as 
killed July 7, 1777. 

John Stone, private, returned in Capt. White's Co. as died May 
10, 1777. 

The Twelfth Regiment. 

Timothy Whiting, Dep. Qr. Mr. General, made up in Sproat's 
Reg., agreeable to his discharge signed by Col. Udny Hay. 

Jonathan Milbury, private, returned in Colonel's Co. as dis- 
charged Nov. 3, 1779. 

Benjamin Beary, private, returned in the Major's Co. as taken 
prisoner July 6, 1777. 

Asa Hutchins, private, returned in Capt. Means' Co. as taken 
prisoner July 7, 1777. 

Edward Davis, private, returned in Capt. Means' Co. as dis- 
charged July 1, 1777. 

John Godfrey, private, returned in Capt. Means' Co. as died 
April 25, 1779. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 131 

Joseph Keeter, private, returned in Capt. Means' Co. as taken 
prisoner Dec. 1, 1.777. 

Zacheus Nixon, private, returned in Capt. Means 1 Co. as died 
May 18, 1777. 

Job Reamond, private, returned in Capt. Means' Co. as died 
Feb. 5, 1777. 

Demp Squearis, private, returned in Capt. Means' Co. as a pris- 
oner Dec. 7, 1778. 

Thomas Bickford, private, returned in Capt. Hitchcock's Co. as 
invalided. 

Noah Taylor, private, returned in Capt. Hitchcock's Co. for the 
whole time, but sick in the hospital till he died Dec. 1, 1780. 

Abel Whitney, private, returued in Capt. Sewell's Co. as dis- 
charged Aug. 12, 1777. 

Richard Hines, private, returned in Capt. Burbank's Co. as 
discharged July 15, 1778. 

Thomas Harmon, private, returned in Capt. Burbank's Co. as 
serving the whole time. 

Elias Starbird, private, returned in Capt. Burbank's Co. as 
killed July 7. 1777. 

Jacob Smith, private, returned in Capt. Burbank's Co. as taken 
prisoner July 7, 1777. 

Abraham York, private, returned in Capt. Burbank's Co. as 
taken prisoner July 7, 1777. 

Peter Pease, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Williams' Co. as dis- 
charged Dec. 1, 1779. 

Simeon Woodworth, private, returned in Capt. Williams' Co. 
as died June 10, 1778. 

The Thirteenth Regiment. 

Isaac Burton, Lieutenant, returned by Col. Smith as serving in 
his regiment to Sept. 9, 1777, and then resigned. 

Joshua Chase, Surgeon's Mate, returned by Col. Smith as serv- 
ing from Jan. 1, 1777, to June 23, 1777. 

John Storey, private, returned in the Colonel's Co. as serving 
the whole time. 



132 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

John Glass, private, returned in Capt. J. K. Smith's Co. from 

Oct. 23, 1778, to Dec. 31, 1779. 
Peter Marshall, private, returned in Capt. J. K. Smith's Co. as 

discharged Nov. 5, 1778. 
Samuel Vose, private, returned in Capt. Ebenezer Smith's Co- 

for the whole time. 
John Shaysbirck, private, returned in Capt. Ebenezer Smith's 

Co. as exchanged March 15, 1779. 
John Millon, private, returned in Capt. Ebenezer Smith's Co. 

from March 16, 1779, to Dec. 31, 1779. 
Jonathan Hemmenway, private, returned in Capt. Allen's Co. 

as serving the whole time. 
Abiezer Washburn, private, returned in Capt. Allen's Co. as 

died Nov. 17, 1777. 
John Hensell, private, returned in Capt. Woodbridge's Co. as a 

deserter. 
John Kent, private, returned in Capt. Woodbridge's Co. as 

died June 1, 1778. 
William Moon, private, returned in Capt. Woodbridge's Co. as 

serving from May 15, 1779, to Dec. 31, 1779. 
Benjamin Ballard, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Page's Co. for 

the whole time. 
William Gould, private, returned in Capt. Page's Co. for the 

whole time. 
Cavenah Haskell, private, returned in Capt. Page's Co. as died 

May 20, 1777. 
Jacob Jones, private, returned in Capt. Page's Co. as discharg- 
ed Sept. 1, 1777. 
Joshua Wiltham, private, returned in the Major's Co. as serv- 
ing the whole time. 
Henry Leland, private, returned in the Major's Co. as serving 

the whole time. 
Timothy Nokes, private, returned in the Major's Co. as died 

June 18, 1778. 
Fortune Homer, private, returned in the Major's Co. as died 

April 18, 1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 133 

Robert Murphy, private, returned in the Major's Co. as left sick 

at Albany Oct. 1, 1777. 
James Garrish, private, returned in Capt. Smart's Co. as died 

May 29, 1777. 
Benjamin Robbins, private, returned in Capt. Smart's Co. as 

died May 20, 1778. 
Samuel Wimble, private, returned in Capt. Smart's Co. as died 

May 20, 1777. 

The Fourteenth Regiment. 
Seth Cottle, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Turner's Co. as serving 

the whole time. 
Jonathan Elms, Corporal, returned in Capt. Turner's Co. as 

serving the whole time. 
Samuel Bennet, Corporal, returned in Capt. Redding's Co. as 

discharged Dec. 1, 1778. 
Samuel Ellis, Corporal, returned in Capt. Wadsworth's Co. for 

the whole time. 
William Shune, private, returned in Capt. Redding's Co. as 

serving from March 25, 1779 to Dec. 31, 1779. 
Asa Fuller, private, returned in Capt. Wadsworth's Co. as died 

Sept. 15, 1779. 
Sylvanus Hall, private, returned in Capt. Wadsworth's Co. as 

serving the whole time. 
Samuel Newell, private, returned in Capt. Wadsworth's Co. as 

died June 10, 1778. 
Joshua Finkham, private, returned in the 3d Co. as discharged 

March 11, 1778. 
John Beake, private, returned in the 3d Co. as died Jan. 1, 1778. 
William Allen, private, returned in the 3d Co. as died Jan. 31, 

1778. 
Jonathan Ball, private, returned in the 4th Co. for the whole 

time. 
Zebedee Sears, private, returned in the 4th Co. as died Dec. 10, 

1778. 
Jonathan Halloway, private, returned in the 4th Co. as killed 

June 9, 1777. 



134 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

James Cole, private, returned in the 5th Co. as invalided. 
Jane Keeler, private, returned in the 5th Co. as died May 28, 

1777. 
Vernon Toby, private, returned in the 5th Co. as died May 14, 

1777. 
Labor Linis, private, returned in the 5th Co. as discharged 

August 20, 1779. 
Benjamin Lumber, private, returned in the 5th Co. as invalided. 
James McCibb, private, returned in the 5th Co. as invalided. 
Joseph Nicholson, private, returned in the 5th Co. as invalid. 
Jere Jae, private, returned in the 5th Co. as died May 28, 1777. 
George Shem, private, returned in the 6th Co. as died July 14,. 

1777. 
William Haskell, private, returned in the 6th Co. as died May 

2, 1777. 
Moses Tob, private, returned in the 6th Co. as died;Dec. 20, 1777. 
Richard Thomas, private, returned in the 6th Co. as died Jan. 

4, 1778. 
Ansel Gours, private, returned in the 6th Co. as died Dec. 3 r 

1777. 
Zecheus Eddy, Sergeant, returned in the 6th Co. as died June 

9, 1777. 
Jonathan Sanders, Sergeant, returned in the 7th Co. as killed 

July 7, 1777. 
Nathan Fane, private, returned in the 7th Co. to June 18, 1777. 
Joseph Chamberlain, private, returned in the 7th Co. for the- 

whole time. 
Lot Bly, private, returned in the 7th Co. as died March 1, 1778. 
Jabez Brooks, Sergeant, returned in the 8th Co. as serving the- 

whole time. 
John Strong, private, returned in the 8th Co. as died Feb. 10, 

1778. 
Nathan Barry, private, returned in the regiment and made up 

by Col. Bradford's certificate. 



OP THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 135 

The Fifteenth Regiment. 

Timothy Calton, private, returned in Capt. Smith's Co. as serv- 
ing the whole time. 

William Wyman, private, returned in Capt. Smith's Co. as serv- 
ing the whole time. 

Daniel Cole, private, returned in Capt. Smith's Co. as serving 
the whole time. 

Prentiss Russell, private, returned in Capt. Barnes' Co. as ex- 
changed Oct. 1, 1777. 

Silas Wyman, private, returned in Capt. Barnes' Co. as killed 
Aug. 5, 1779. 

Richard Wesson, private, returned in Capt. Monroe's Co. as died 
Aug. 20, 1777. 

George Knight, Drummer, returned in Capt. Ellis' Co. as in- 
valided. 

Samuel Barret, private, returned in Capt. Brown's Co. as serv- 
ing from March 11, 1779, to Dec. 31, 1779. 
The Sixteenth Regiment. 

Bano Brown, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Brown's Co. as serv- 
ing to Dec. 31, 1779. 

Allen Turner, private, returned as serving in the Lieut. Col.'s 
Co. the whole time. 

Asa Ware, private, returned in H. Jackson's regiment from Col. 
Lee's regiment, invalided, serving the whole time. 

John Gragg, private, returned in H. Jackson's regiment from 
Col. Lee's regiment, and invalided. 

Col. Jo7\n Crane's Artillery. 

Jere Niles, Lieutenant, returned by Col. Crane as Captain- 
lieutenant in his regiment from Jan. 1, 1777, resigned Sept. 
9, 1778. 

Payne Downs, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Cook's Co. made up 
by Col. Crane's certificate for the time of service, being to 
Feb. 28, 1779. 

Martin Norwich, Bombardier, returned in Capt. Donnell's Co. 
as killed at Tarry Town, July 15, 1778. 



136 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

James Day, Gunner, returned in Capt. Winslow's Co. as dis- 
charged by Gen. Gates, Dee. 31, 1777. 
Alexander Perkins, Matross, returned in Capt. Lillie's Co. as 

serving to Dec. 31, 1778. 
Oliver Tidd, Matross, returned in Capt. Treadwell's Co. as serv- 
ing the whole time. 

Deranged Officer. 
William Tudor, Lieutenant-colonel, is returned as Lieut. Col. of 
Col. Hendley's regiment, as resigned April 9, 1778, per Gen. 
Heath's certificate. 

Major GibUs Corps. 
Michael Titcomb, Corporal, said to be in Gen. Washington's 
Life-Guards, and was made up for his depreciation by a 
special resolve of court. 
Charles King, Sergeant-major, made up^for his depreciation by a 

certificate from William Washington, Lieut. Col. 
Michael Caswell, Fifer, made up for his depreciation by a dis- 
charge from William Washington, Lieut. Col. of Light 
Dragoons. 
Nathaniel Potter, private, returned by Major Gibbs as com- 
manding-general of Washington's Guards. 
The above is a true copy from the returns lodged in this office. 

John Deming, 
One of the Committee for settling with the Massachusetts 
Line of the Continental Army. 
[No address.] 

Nov. 2, 1791. 

Sir :— You will receive by the hands of Colonel Israel Shreeve 
his account against the United States for recruiting the late 
Second Regiment of New Jersey, in the years 1777, '78, and '79. 
As Mr. Pierce made some objection to the passage of this ac- 
count, I have been the more particular in the examination of 
the evidence in support of the charges; and am fully of opinion 
that the balances now reported are justly due to Colonel 
Shreeve. I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Joseph Howell. 

Mr. Wm. Simmons. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 137 

Pat Office, Nov. 4, 1791. 
Sir:— I have attended to the several matters contained in 
your letter of the 2d inst. 

On examining the muster-roll of the late Virginia line, I find 
Nathaniel Lucas was commissioned a lieutenant the 28th Sep- 
tember, 1776, and was deranged on the 1st of October, 1778. The 
musters are silent in respect to any promotion; but as the mus- 
ters of the Virginia Line are exceedingly imperfect, and as Col. 
Wood was one of the senior officers of that line, I am of opinion 
that his evidence should be admitted. 

You will inform the Secretary of War, that Mr. Lucas has no 
credit on the books of this office for one year's pay as a supernu- 
merary officer, and that in consequence of delaying an applica- 
tion for this pay he is foreclosed by the act of limitation. 
I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Joseph Howell. 

R. J. Vanden Bkoeck, Esq. 

November 11, 1791. 
Sir: — On appealing to the muster-rolls of General Hazen's 
regiment, it appears that Major Tarleton Woodson was fur- 
Joughed in December, 1781, the term not mentioned; and on the 
muster for March, 1782, taken on the 1st of April following, it is 
noted opposite his name, "furlough expired, March 1, 1782;" 
after which Major Woodson does not appear either on the mus- 
ters, or in the accounts of the regiment. The regiment consist- 
ed of ten companies in 1782, and eight in 1783. No promotion 
appears to have taken place in consequence of Major Woodson's 
leaving the regiment. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Joseph Howell. 

Hon. Secretary of War. 

Register's Office, Nov. 16, 1791. 

Sir : — Lieutenant Christian Orendorff, of the sixth Maryland 

regiment, has made application at this office to know whether 

there is any charge against him on the books of the Treasury. 

I have examined the records of the Department, and cannot 



138 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

find that any settlement has taken place with him. He alludes 
to an arrearage of pay and rations due to him while he was a 
prisoner. 

If you can point out any particular reference which may be 
obtained in this office that will show light on the nature of his 
claim, it shall be attended to. 

I am your obedient servant, 

Joseph Dawson. 

J. Howell, Esq., Acting P. M. Gen. 

Pay Office, Nov. 16, 1791. 

Sir : — The muster-rolls of the late German Regiment express 
that Philip Flowers was enlisted November 1, 1776, for the war, 
and was killed October 4, 1777. On reference to a list of balan- 
ces paid by the Paymaster of this regiment,, it appears the sum 
1 9 6 dollars was returned to the Paymaster-general as due to 
Flowers, which sum is still due the estate at a depreciated rate, 
therefore not worthy of notice. The heirs of the deceased are 
not entitled, agreeably to the existing acts of Congress, to depre- 
ciation; but I am clearly of opinion they are to the proportion 
of lands. 

I have carefully examined the record of the Pennsylvania 
line, formed from the musters, and cannot find the name of 
Phineas Kuhn, or Coon. I am apprehensive, if there was one of 
that name died in service, that he must have been in the hos- 
pital for some time, and was omitted in the musters, which was 
too frequently the case. 

I am your obedient servant, 

Joseph Howell. 

Hon. Secretary of War. 

. Pay Office, Nov. 17, 1791. 

Sir : — It appears by the arrangement of the late line of Vir- 
ginia, that Oliver Towles was a Lieutenant-colonel in the fifth 
Virginia regiment, and was arranged as such to the First Regi- 
ment in the year 1783. But it is further remarked on this ar- 
rangement, that Lieutenant-colonel Oliver Towles retired, and 
that Lieutenant-colonel Samuel Hawes took his place. There 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 13& 

being but one regiment, a settlement could only take place with 
one of them ; and in consequence of the application of Lieu- 
tenant-colonel Hawes, the Assistant Commissioner settled with 
him to Nov. 15, 1783. Lieutenant-colonel Towles now comes 
forward with a claim for his pay in 1783, which I presume can- 
not be granted. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

J. Howell. 

Hon. Secretary of War. 

War Office, Nov. 22, 1791. 

Sir :— I am directed by the Secretary of "War to transmit you 
the inclosed petition of Thomas Jenny and Andrew Dover, late 
officers in Colonel Magaw's regiment, and who were taken pris- 
oners at Fort Washington in 1776. The Secretary requests you 
will please to examine their claims, and report your opinion ac- 
cordingly. 

I am, sir, your humble servant, 

John Stagg. 

Jos. Howell, Esq. 

Pay Office, Nov. 24, 1791. 

Sir :— Agreeably to your request I have examined the musters 
of the late Virginia line, from which it appears that there was 
a "William Burk enlisted in the Third Regiment on the 16th of 
February, 1778, for one year, and was discharged from the Fifth 
Regiment, Feb. 16, 1779. There also appears a William Burk in 
the Seventh Regiment, who was mustered in that regiment in 
December, 1778, for the war; and in the Eleventh Regiment 
there is also a William Burk, mustered in May, 1777, for the 
same term; the 11th regiment being incorporated with the 7th 
in or about November, 1778, it may be presumed that they are 
one and the same person. 

It further appears that there was a William Burk in the Sixth 
Regiment, who enlisted Dec. 7, 1776, and a William Burk in the 
Tenth Regiment, who appears to have been enlisted on the 
same day for the war. I believe the 10th regiment was incor- 
porated with the 6th in 1778. It is therefore probable that they 
are one and the same person. 



140 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

By the accounts of the State of Virginia for depreciation of 
pay to her line, it appears that four of the name were settled 
with, viz : 

William Burk, for 18 months' service, . . £36 
William Burk, from Jan. 1 to Dec. 31, 1777, . 103 19 3 
William Burk, do. do. . 103 3 11 

William Burk, from March 19 to Dec. 31, 1777, . 19 1 10 

I have also examined the settlements made by the Assistant 
Commissioner of Army Accounts for Virginia, and find that he 
settled with one William Burk of Colonel Lee's Legion. This 
man, exclusive of certificates issued, had 16 dollars specie due 
him, which sum, with others, was put into the hands of John 
Hopkins, Esq., and is probably the sum which is now claimed, 
and paid to his order or some one of the name. 

I wish to remark to you that, if the present applicant did not 
belong to Colonel Lee's Legion, he has no claim on the United 
States for specie or other pay, that I can find by any record in 
this office. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Joseph Howell. 

Hon. James Madison. 

Auditor's Office, Annapolis, Nov. 26, 1791. 

Dear Sir :— I am favored with yours by John Bennett of 
Lee's Legion, and have made inquiry respecting his finals. Mr. 
White has lodged none with the Executive, except such as have 
been issued to the Maryland line in his own name. If Mr. 
White exhibited no vouchers for the settlement of the certifi- 
cates from Mr. Dunscomb, I see no chance at this time to come 
at the certainty whether any part has been applied to the pur- 
poses for which it was issued. I imagine you can furnish him 
with the account as stated by Mr. Dunscomb to enable him to 
resort to Mr. White's estate. He alleges he never received his 
depreciation. It has been paid here. Cannot you refer to the 
vouchers and let him know to whom the same was paid? The 
checks in my office do not give the information. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 141 

I shall be much obliged to you for a copy of Captain-lieuten- 
ant Ebenezer Finley's account as stated and settled in your 
office as an officer of the Maryland Artillery, and also as Deputy 
Judge-advocate of the Southern army. Mr. White procured me 
a copy once for his executor, which I delivered; but by some 
means the persons concerned in the adjustment of his estate 
cannot agree on the principles, and the first copy cannot now 
be produced. 

Whatever charge may attend this business, I will direct some 
of my friends in your city to discharge the debt immediately. 

I am really sorry to hear of our friend Richmond's illness. I 
hope by this time he has recovered much. My compliments to 
him and Knapp, and believe me to be, 

Most sincerely, your friend and humble servant, 

Robert Denny. 
Joseph Howell, Esq. 

New York, Nov. 28, 1791. 
Sir: — The bearer hereof, Lewis Bramer, says he was a private 
in Captain James McClure's company of artillery in Colonel 
Proctor's regiment, and that he was mustered as such and drew 
his rations accordingly. Captain McClure, on the other hand, 
contends that Bramer was employed by him in the capacity of 
his servant, and that he, as his master, is entitled to the depre- 
ciation certificates made out for Bramer, and that he claims, in 
pursuance of some resolution of Congress which gives the 
servants' pay to their masters. 

You will greatly oblige me by letting me know how Bramer 
stands on the muster-rolls, or by any other information with 
which you can favor me, that may enable me to determine how 
far Bramer is entitled to his depreciation. 

Captain McClure has actually received the certificates which 
were made out in Bramer' s name. 

I am, with great respect, your most obedient servant, 

W. Barton. 
JosErH Howell, Esq. 



142 CORRESPONDENCE OP OFFICERS. 

New York, Nov", 6, 1794. 
Sir : — Although I have not the honor of being personally ac- 
quainted with you, I take the liberty to ask a very particular 
favor, in which you may oblige me very much, being induced to 
make this request to you, as I presume it comes under your de- 
partment in the War Office. 

Mr. McEwen will present you this, and attend to everything 
necessary on my part. 

What I want is an official certificate that I was returned, and 
considered as part of the quota of New York in the British war. 
My commission is dated November 15, 1779, in the Second Regi- 
ment of Light Dragoons, as a Lieutenant. Soon after, I was ap- 
pointed Adjutant to said regiment, and in 1781, Aid-de-camp to 
Major-general Lord Sterling, and was always with Captain 
Hoogland and the several dragoons returned to the State of 
New York, where we had our depreciation of pay made up, 
until, by an arrangement of Congress, the whole cavalry was 
made legionary, and affixed to particular States. 

Respectfully, your humble servant, 

Thomas Frederick Jackson. 
Maj. Howell. 

Boston, May 9, 1795. 
Sir : — In the year 1786, General Knox granted me a warrant, 
at the War Office, for 350 dollars. There being no money to 
satisfy the demand at that time, it has remained in that office 
ever since. General Knox has assured me, that upon his arrival 
at this place, upon application through you, the demand would 
be satisfied. Your attention to the business will much oblige, 
Your obedient, humble servant, 

Thomas H. Condy, 

Late Lieut. Mass. Line. 
Mr. Simmons. \ 



PART II. 



Names, Rank, Dates of Commissions, and Time of Enlistment of the 
Officers and Privates of Col. Joseph Cillev's New Hampshire Regi- 
ment, from Nov. 8, 1776, to Jan. 1, 1779. 
Joseph Cilley, Colonel, commissioned Apr. 2, 1777. Served to the end of the 

war. 
George Reed, Lieutenant-colonel. Transferred to 2d regiment. 
Jeremiah Gilman, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned September 20, 1777. 
William Scott, Major. 
Jeremiah Gilman, do. 

Benjamin Kimball, Paymaster and Lieutenant, 
Jeremiah Pritchard, Adjutant and Lieutenant. 
Josiah Munro, Quartermaster and Lieutenant. 
John Hale, Surgeon. 
Jonathan Pool, Surgeon's Mate. 

the first company. 
Simon Sartwell, Captain. Commissioned as Lieutenant, November 8, 177< 

Promoted to Captain, December 1, 1778. 
Joshua Thompson, Lieutenant. Commissioned as Ensign, November;: 
1776. Promoted to Lieutenant, March 4, 1778. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Tears. 
Hubard Carter, Sergeant. Appointed January 1, 1777. 



do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


December 30, 1778. 


do. 


January 1, 1778. 


do. 


August 21, 1778. 


do. 


May 2, 1777. 


do. 


do. 



Morris Millet, do. 


do. 


do. 


John Jordan, do. 


do. 


do. 


Ripley Bingham, do. 


do. 


November 13, 1776. 


John Joiner, Qr. Mr. Sergeant. 


, do. 


November 19, 1776. 


James Cochran, Corporal. 


do. 


January 1, 1777. 


Daniel Sterns, do. 


do. 


May 1, 1777. 


Stephen Abbott, Drummer. 


do. 


January 1, 1777. 



144 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Privates for Three Years. 



John Allen, 
David Addoms, 
Isaac Addoms, 
Benjamin Beavins, 
Nathaniel Bartlett, 
Thomas Bates, 
John Clark, 
John Cowdry, 
John Combes, 
Moses Chase, 
Philemon Duset, 
Thomas Davis, 
John Dole, 
William Darrah, 
Ralph Ellenwood, 
Ebenezer Hills, 
Thomas Kimball, 
John Millet, 
William Man, 
Nathaniel Man, 
Abel Merrill, 
James Moore, 
John Matthews, 
William Pettigrew, 
Joel Royce, 



Enlisted. 
Jan. 1, 1777 

do. 
Mar. 10, 1778 
Feb. 1, 1777 
May 1, 1777 
Mar. 13, 1778 
May 1, 1777, 
April 21, 1777, 
April 11, 1777, 
May 1, 1 

do. 
April 21, 1777, 
May 18,1777, 
Dec. 30, 1777, 
April 3, 1778 
April 21, 1777 
June 1,1778 
Jan. 1, 1777 
April 1,1777 

do. 

do. 
Jan. 1, 1777. 

do. 
Mar. 18, 1778. 
May 1,1777. 



Samuel Sanderson, 
Ephraim Stevens, 
Michael Silk, 
James Shail, 
Loring Thompson, 
Jacob Taylor, 
Jonathan Wellock, 
William White, 
John Willace, 
Ebenezer Williams, 
Joseph Burley, 
William Cowen, 
John Aids, 
Samuel Ayers, 
Samuel Boyd, 
Samuel Bates, 
Thomas Capren, 
Joel Rice, 
Jacob Rice, 
John Willsgrove, 
Asa Sterns, 
Abner Wise, 
Thomas McNeal, 
Samuel Morrison, 
Thomas Whitlock, 



Enlisted. 
Jan. 1, 1777 

do. 

do. 

do. 
May 1, 1777, 
Mar. 21, 1778, 
Feb. 15,1777 
Jan. 1, 1777 
Mar. 27, 1778, 
Mar. 10, 1' 
Mar. 15, 1778. 
Mar. 1, 1778 
Mar. 1,1778. 
Mar. 10, 1 
Mar. 1,1778, 
May 15, 1778, 
April 11, 1778 
May 1,1777 
Jan. 1, 1778. 
Jan. 1, 1777, 
May 1, 1777, 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 



THE SECOND COMPANY. 

Jeremiah Oilman, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned September 20,1777. 
Benjamin Kimball, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Made 

Paymaster, December 20, 1778. 
Daniel Clapp, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 8, 1776. 
Thomas Blake, Ensign. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Promoted to 
Lieutenant, May 11, 1778. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 
Isaac Gibbs, Sergeant. Appointed March 10, 1777. 



Robert Miller, do. do. 

Samuel Hews, Corporal. do. 

Stephen Jennings, do. do. 

Asa Lovejoy, Drummer. do. 



February 17, 1777. 
April 8, 1777. 
May 12, 1777. 
February 1, 1777. 
Sick since Oct. 27, 177 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



145 



Privates for Three Years. 

Enlisted. 



Nathaniel Andrews, 
Isaac Boynton, 
Nathaniel Bugby, 
Benjamin Burnett, 
William Connick, 
Jonathan Conant, 
Edward Carter, 
Nathan Davis, 
Lemuel Dean, 
Ralph Emerson, 
Edward Evans, 
Daniel Fuller, 
David Gibbs, 
Joshua Gibbs, 
Simeon Goold, 
William Hale, 
George Knox, 



May 15,1777. 
April 10, 1777. 
April 22, 1777. 
Feb. 17,1777. 
Feb. 1, 1777. 
April 22, 1777. 
Feb. 1, 1777. 
Mar. 17,1778. 
Mar. 3,1777. 
April 10, 1777. 
Feb. 1,1777. 
Mar. 1, 1777. 
Mar. 10,1777. 
Mar. 1, 1777. 
Feb. 1, 1777. 
April 10, 1777. 
May 10,1778. 



Abel Lovejoy, 
Matthias Miller, 
Robert Mason, 
Thomas Newman, 
Nathaniel Patton, 
James Roose, 
David Sanderson, 
Seth Thompson, 
Medad Taylor, 
Jonathan Wright, 
David Wright, 
Phinehas WFight, 
Thomas Hardy, 
Jonathan Morse, 
Reuben Blood, 
Simon Blood, 
Wilder Willard, 



Enlisted. 
Feb. 1, 1777. 
Feb. 17,1777. 
Mar. 17, 1778. 
Mar. 1,1777- 
Feb. 1,1777. 

do. 

do. 
April 18, 1777. 
Mar. 17, 1778. 
April 22, 1777. 

do. 

do. 
April 26, 1778. 
April 20, 1778. 
Unknown. 

do. 

do. 



THE THIRD COMPANY. 

William Scott, Captain and Major. Commissioned September 20, 1777. 
Moody Dustin, First-Lieutenant. do. November 8, 1776. 

Bazaleel Howe, Second-Lieutenant. do. November 8, 1776. 

Non-Commissioned Officers for Three Years. 
Thomas Stickney, Sergeant. Appointed February 20, 1777. 
William Richardson, do. do. January 1, 1777. 

Robert Miller, do. do. February 17, 1777. 

William Lang, Corporal, do. February 18, 1777. 

Thomas Whittock, Drummer. 



Privates for Three Years. 



Samuel Ayres, 
David Bryant, 
Samuel Boyd, 
Samuel Bates, 
Abner Bingham, 
John Cross, 
Ephraim Cross, 
Thomas Capron, 
David Dickey, 



Enlisted. 
Mar. 10,1778. 
Nov. 12, 1776. 
Mar. 1,1778. 
Feb. 15,1777. 
Mar. 10, 1777. 
Jan. 10,1778. 
April 25, 1777. 
April 11, 1778. 
do. 



Jacob Downing, 
John Dorman, 
Noah Emery, 
Samuel Fugard, 
Nathan Glines, 
James Gilmore, 
Timothy Harrington 
Walter Hains, 
John Hillsgrove, 



Enlisted. 
Jan. 20,1777. 
Jan. 20,1778. 
April 10, 1777. 
Nov. 13, 1776. 
Jan. 9, 1777. 
April 24, 1777. 
Nov. 14, 1776. 
May 15,1777. 
Unknown. 



346 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Moses Hutchins, 
Samuel Morris, 
Peter Jenkins, 
James Lamb, 
Thomas McNeal, 
Jonathan McKoy, 
Nathaniel Powers, 
Jethro Pattingal, 
Jonathan Pattingal, 
Reuben Robarts, 
Joel Royce, 



Enlisted. 
Nov. 16, 1776. 
Unknown. 
April 7, 177 
Mar. 10, 177 
Unknown. 
Mar. 11,1778, 
Feb. 13, 1778 
Mar. 6, 1777 
April 9, 1777 
Nov. 4, 1776 
May 1, 1777 

Privates for 



John Read, 
William Simson, 
Asa Stearns, 
Thomas Severance, 
James Simonds, 
Adam Thompson, 
John Vance, 
William Walker, 
Wilder Willard, 
Abner Wise, 
Daniel Yong, 

Two Years. 



Enlisted. 
May 18,1777. 
Jan. 1, 1777. 
May 1, 1777. 
Mar. 21,1777. 
Unknown. 
Feb. 1, 1777. 
April 28, 1777. 
May 3, 1777. 
April 21, 1777. 
Unknown. 
Jan. 27, 1778. 



John Aids, Mar. 1, 1778. 

Hugh Jemerson, April 19, 1778. 

Francis Mitchell, April 13, 1778. 

Nathaniel Patton, Jan. 1, 17T8. 



Jonathan Palmer, April 20, 1778. 
Jacob Royce, Jan. 1, 1778- 

Abiel Walton, July 1, 1778. 



THE FIRST CAPTAIN'S COMPANY. 

Amos Morrill, Captain. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Promoted to 
Major. Served to the end of the war. 

Nathaniel McColley, First-Lieutenant. Commissioned November 8,1776. 
Furloughed for 60 days from November 4, 1778, by General Poor. 

Jonathan Willard, Second-Lieutenant. Commissioned as Ensign Novem- 
ber 8, 1776. Promoted to Lieutenant January 10, 1778. 

Bazaleel Hower, Second-Lieutenant. Commissioned November 8, 1776. 
Served to the end of the war. 

Non-commissioned Officers for three Years. 
Samuel Wells, Sergeant. Appointed November 13, 1776. 
Benjamin Cotton, do. do. April 1, 1778, 

Thomas Scott, do. do. July 31, 1778. 

Samuel Whidden, Corporal, do. March 8. 1777. 

Theophilus Cass, do. do. Unknown. 

Benjamin George, do. do. March 1, 1777. 

Privates for Three Years. 



John Ash, 
Joshua Blodget, 
Benjamin Butler, 
Caesar Barnes, 



Enlisted. 
Unknown. 
Mar. 11, 1777. 
Dec. 5, 1777. 
Unknown. 



Enlisted. 
Jonathan Cilley, Nov. 12, 1776. 

Robert Cunningham, April 20, 1777. 
William Cook, May 17,1777. 

Solomon Chapman, Unknown. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



147 





Enlisted. 




Enlisted. 


Benjamin Dowe, 


.Unknown. 


'Timothy Martin, 


Mar. 8, 1777. 


James Dickey, 


Mar. 4,1777. 


Andrew Mclntire, 


do. 


Joshua Daruford, 


Unknown. 


John Mclntire, 


do. 


Philip Flanders, 


do. 


William Nealy, 


Unknown. 


Thomas George, 


Mar. 1, 1777. 


James Orr, 


Mar. 8, 1777. 


Isaac George, 


do. 


Zadoc Read, 


Unknown. 


Nathaniel Grimes, 


Feb. 17,1778. 


John W. Robertson, 


do. 


Joseph Grant, 


Mar. 5, 1778. 


Samuel Sinkler, 


Jan. 21,1777. 


Joseph Hesselton, 


Feb. 12, 1777. 


Joshua Sinkler, 


Dec. 1, 1777. 


Jonathan Hessleton 


Unknown. 


Peter Stevens, 


Unknown. 


Elisha Hutchinson, 


April 20, 1778. 


Alexander Smith, 


do. 


Levi Hutchinson, 


do. 


Ephraim Stevens, 


Mar. 1, 1777. 


Moses Locke, 


Unknown. 


Peter Wells, 


Unknown. 


Samuel Locke, 


do. 


Joseph York, 


do. 


Nathaniel Molton, 


do. 


Adam Thompson, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Florence McColley, 


do. 


Bend. Pettingall, died Dec. 3, 1778. 



THE SECOND CAPTAIN'S COMPANY. 

Jason Wait, Captain. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Furloughed by 
Gen . Poor for 60 days from December 22, 1778. 

Jeremiah Pritchard, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Fur- 
loughed by Gen. Poor for 60 days from December 22, 1778. 

Jonathan Perkins, Ensign. Commissioned July 39, 1777. Promoted to Lieu- 
tenant. Served to the end of the war. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 
Josiah Burton, Sergeant. Appointed, unknown. 



Sylvester Wilkins 


, do. 


do. February 1, 1777. 


Richard Roberson, do. 


do. February 2, 1777. 


Ripley Bingham, 


do. 


do. November 13, 1776. 


Robert Parker, Corporal. 


do. April 9, 


1777. 


Hezekiah Clark, Drummer. 


do. April 21, 1777. 




Privates for Three Years. 






Enlisted. 




Enlisted. 


Elijah Avery, 


April 9,1777. 


Ebenezer Forgood, 


Jan. 7, 1777. 


Samuel Allen, 


Unknown. 


Henry Harris, 


Jan. 9, 1777. 


Elisha Addams, 


April 16, 1777. 


Simon Hutchins, 


do. 


William Brown, 


Nov. 22, 1776. 


David Johnson, 


Feb. 16,1777. 


John Bishop, 


Unknown. 


Francis Joiner, 


Nov. 13,1776. 


Joseph Davis, 


Dec. 16,1776. 


John Lapish, 


Unknown. 


Charles Dority, 


Unknown. 


William McGee, 


Dec. 10, 1776. 



148 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 





Enlisted. 




Enlisted. 


John McGee, 


Dec. 10,1776. 


Benjamin Smith, 


April 9, 177T. 


John McClintock, 


Mar. 15,1777. 


Nathan Tuttle, 


do. 


James Merrill, 


Nov. 17,1776. 


Reuben Wheeler, 


Dec. 1, 1777. 


Enoch Moss, 


Feb. 2, 1777. 


George Wilson, 


Feb. 3, 1777. 


Nathaniel Needham 


Mar. 1, 1777. 


Rufus Walton, 


Mar. 10,1777. 


Benjamin Perkins, 


Feb. 2, 1777. 


Stephen Ward, 


do. 


Richard Richardson 


April 3,1777. 


Thomas Wilson, 


Unknown. 


James Rider, 


Unknown. 


Lewis Wisso, 


Nov. 14, 1776. 


Isaac Smith, 


April 9,1777. 


Daniel Ritter, 


April 17, 1777. 




Privates for Two Years. 




Asaph Butler, 


April 1,1778. 


Alpheus Kingsley, 


April 1,1778. 


Walter Geers, 


Mar. 16,1778. 


Jedediah Rice, 


Jan. 22,1778. 


Charles Geers, 


Feb. 19,1778. 


Joseph Right, 


April 1,1778. 


Thomas Hunt, 


do. 


Henry Stevens, 


Mar. 22,1778. 


Eleazer Howard, 


Jan. 22,1778. 


Tyler Spafford, 


Feb. 19,1778. 


Solomon Harris, 


Mar. 22,1778. 


(Deserted Dec. 25, 177«.) 



THE THIRD CAPTAIN'S COMPANY. 

Amos Emerson, Captain. Commissioned November 9, 1776. 

Josiah Munro, First-Lieutenant and Quartermaster. Commissioned as 
Lieutenant November 8, 1776; appointed Qr. Mr., August 21, 1778. Promo- 
ted to Captain and served to the end of the war. 

Simon Merrill, Second-Lieutenant. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Pro- 
moted to Lieutenant, September 19, 1777. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 

Jonathan Burrows, Sergeant. Appointed Jannary 1, 1777. 

Israel Ingalls, do. do. January 27, 1777. 

Sanders Bradbury, do. do. April 1, 1777. 

William Richardson, do. do. January 1, 1777. 

John Manning, Corporal, do. April 17, 1777. 

Jeremiah Towl, do. do. April 3, 1777. 

Nathaniel Batchelder, do. do. March 20, 1777. 

Paul Woods, Fifer. do. Unknown. 



Samuel Aiken, 

Noah Buswell, 

John Barron, 

Simeon Butterfleld, Mar. 1, 1777. 



Privates for Three Year, 

Enlisted. 

April 3,1777. 

Jan. 31,1777. 

May 12,1777. 



Charles Booles, 
Thomas Fuller, 
Thomas Grush, 
Duncan Grant, 



Enlisted. 
Feb. 2, 1778. 
April 2, 1777. 
Mar. 23,1777. 
April 4,1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



149 



Samuel Hoit, 
Charles Hanson, 
Peter Honey, 
David Hunt, 
Zacheus Hunt, 
Reuben Hall, 
Jesse Heath, 
John Kent, 
Eliphalet Manning, 
Barnard Merrill, 
John McClellan, 



Jonathan Nock, 
John Perry, 
Jonathan Powers, 
William Powell, 
John Rowe, 
David Smith, 
Benjamin Taylor, 
Daniel Woods, 
Benjamin Smith, 
Henry True, 
Daniel Shirley, 



Enlisted. 
Mar. 14, 177 
Jan. 1, 1777, 
April 18, 177 
Jan. 1, 1778 
Feb. 2, 1778 
Mar. 14,1777 
April 25, 1777 
Feb. 2, 1778 
April 15, 1777 
April 4, 1777. 
April 1,177 

THE FOURTH CAPTAIN'S COMPANY. 

Ebenezer Frye, Captain. Commissioned November 8, 1776 

end of the war. 
Asa Senter, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 8, 177( 

end of the war. 
Joshua Thompson, Ensign. Commissioned November 8, 1" 

Lieutenant. Served to the end of the war. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 

Jeremiah Holtman, Sergeant. Appointed November 15, 1776. 

Samuel Thompson, do. do. May 3, 1777. 

Robert Hodgert, do. do. March 24, 1777. 

Thomas Stickney, do. do. February 5, 1777. 

William Leevy, Corporal. do. April 5, 1777. 

Jonas Cutting, do. do. November 14, 1776. 

Joseph Marsh, do. do. April 7, 1777. 

Joseph Polly, Drummer. do. April 1, 1777. 

Privates for Three Years. 



Enlisted. 
Mar. 10,1777. 
Feb. 19,1777- 
Jan. 15, 1777. 
June 15, 1777. 
April 15, 1777. 
Mar. 14,1777. 
April 17, 1777. 

do. 
Mar. 14,1777. 
April 3,1777. 

do. 

Served to the 

Served to the 

i. Promoted to 



James Boyes, 
James Brown, 
Bishop Coster, 
James Campbell, 
Thomas Colburn, 
Zebulon Colbie, 
Samuel Dalton, 
William Dickey, 
John Douglass, 
Samuel Danford, 



Enlisted. 
Nov. 14,1776 
April 1,1777 
April 9,1777 
April 26, 1777 
Jan. 15,1777 
Jan. 10, 1777 
Feb. 1, 1777 
April 9, 1777 
April 17, 1778 
April 27, 1 



Samuel Eyers, 
Robert Forrest, 
George Gait, 
John Head, 
Thomas Haynes, 
John Hall, 
Ichabod Martin, 



Enlisted. 
April 28, 177 
Mar. 16, 1778. 
Nov. 14, 1776 
Nov. 13,1776 
April 15, 1777 
Mar. 12, 177S 
Nov. 13,1776 



Alexander McMaster, do. 

John McMurphy, April 20, 1777. 
Thomas Mathews, April 25, 1777. 



150 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



John Mack, 
Thomas Muchemore, 
Daniel McCoy, 
Thomas McLaughlin 
Joseph McFarland, 
George McMurphy, 
Joseph Mack, 
Joseph Norris, 
John O'Brion, 
Nathan Plummer, 
Thomas Riddle, 



Unlisted. 
May 2, 1777. 
Jan. 23,1777. 
Mar. 11,1778. 
Mar. 12,1778. 
April 28, 1777. 
April 7,1777. 
April 2,1777. 
Mar. 4, 1778. 
April 9,1777. 
April 7,1777. 
Mar. 23,1777. 



Enlisted. 
John Riddle, Mar. 7, 1778. 

Edward Smith, April 17, 1777. 

Bartholomew Stevens, Feb. 1, 1777. 



John Sampson, 
Solomon Todd, 
James Thompson, 
Prince Thompson, 
Robert Wilson, 
James Wilson, 
Samuel Walton, 



Nov. 13,1776. 
April 28, 1777. 
Nov. 14, 1776. 
May 15,1777 
April 1,1777. 

do. 
April 9,1777. 



THE FIFTH CAPTAIN'S COMPANY. 

Isaac Farwell, Captain. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Served to the 

end of the war. 
William Hutchins, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 8, 1776. 
Jonathan Willard, Ensign. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Promoted to 

Lieutenant, January 10, 1778. « 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 



Levid Adams, Sergeant. 


Appointed February 1, 


1777. 


Ephraim Foster, do. 


do. do. 




Gilbert Caswell, do. 


do. July 8, 1777. 




Ira Evans, 


Corporal. 


do. November 1( 


, 1776. 


Abner Preston, Drummer. 


do. February 1, 1777. 


Thomas Dodge, Fifer. 


do. May 14, 1777. 






Privates for Three Years. 






Enlisted. 




Enlisted. 


Joel Andrews, 


Jan. 1, 1778. 


James Hawkley, 


Mar. 1, 1777. 


Jonas Adams, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


William Hewett, 


Feb. 1, 1778. 


David Abrahams, 


Unknown. 


Sylvanus Hastings, 


Jan. 1, 1778. 


Joseph Burk, 


Feb. 9, 1777. 


Page Harryman, 


May 19, 1777. 


John Clark, 


Feb. 3, 1777. 


Giles Keley, 


April 18, 1777. 


Bunker Clai-k, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Jonathan Kelly, 


Nov, 27,1776. 


Benjamin Critchett 


Feb. 18, 1777. 


William Leatten, 


Unknown. 


Moses Farnsworth, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Ebenezer Mathews, 


Mar. 12,1778. 


Thomas Gilmore, 


Nov. 14,1776. 


Isaac Mitchell, 


Unknown. 


Silas Gill, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Timothy Newton, 


do. 


Matthew Greer, 


Mar. 16,1776. 


Thomas Osgood, 


Mar. 12,1778. 


John Grout, 


May 1, 1777. 


William Pritchard, 


Nov. 16, 1776. 


Nathaniel Hays, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Samuel Phelps, 


Nov. 15,1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



151 





Enlisted. 




Enlisted. 


Simeon Powers, 


Unknown. 


Abner Thurston, 


Unknown. 


Noah Porter, 


Jan. 1, 1778. 


Joseph Tucker, 


Feb. 3,1778. 


Philip Peters, 


May 1, 1778. 


William Taggert, 


Feb. 4,1778. 


John Pike, 


Unknown. 


Ithamar Wheelock, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Lemuel Royce, 


Feb. 4, 1777. 


Aaron Adams, 


Mar. 12, 1778. 


Paris RicHftrdson, 


Mar. 13,1778. 


John Cross, 


Jan. 1,1778. 


Samuel Sisco, 


Feb. 17,1777. 


Moses Hutchins, 


Nov. 16, 1776. 


William Sisco, 


May 1, 1778. 


Nathaniel Powers, 


Mar. 13, 1778. 


John Simonds, 


Jan. 1, 1778. 


James Simonds, 


Unknown. 


Silas Simonds, 


do. 


John Pettengill, 


April 9, 1777. 


Levi Simonds, 


Feb. 13,1778. 







THE SIXTH CAPTAIN'S COMPANY. 

Nathaniel Hutchins, Captain. Commissioned April 3, 1777. Served to the 

end of the war. 
Daniel Clapp, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 8, 1777. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 
Eliphalet Quimby, Sergeant. Appointed April 5, 1777. 



Samuel Caldwell, 
Gilbert Caswell, 
Amos Barns, 
William Lang, 
John Chadwick, 
Johnthing Conner, 
Benjamin Williams, 



do. 

do. 

do. 

Corporal. 

do. 

do. 

do. 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



Samuel Stocker, Drummer. 
Daniel Creesy, Fifer. 

Privates for Three Years 

Enlisted. 

James Boles, July 14, 1777. 

William Bachelor, Jan. 10, 1777. 

Enos Chelis, May 7, 1777. 

Samuel Cammett, Mar. 1, 1777. 

Moses Colby, May 11,1777. 

Thomas Cammet, April 16, 1777. 

Joshua Church, April 12, 1777. 
John Cooper, do. 

Stephen Dustin, April 10, 1778. 

James Doud, Unknown. 

James Eagerly, April 14, 1777. 



July 3, 1777. 
July 8, 1777. 
January 21, 1778. 
February 18, 1777. 
April 6, 1777. 
April 8, 1777. 
April 6, 1777. 
April 10, 1777. 
do. 



Thomas Easman, 
Thomas Flanders, 
Jacob Flanders, 
Elijah Fairfield, 
William Frankfort, 
Thomas George, 
Antoua Gilman, 
Charles Greenfield, 
William Hodskins, 
Enoch Hoyt, 
Jonathan Judkins, 



Enlisted. 
July 3, 1777. 
Feb. 10,1777. 

do. 
April 17, 1777. 
July 9, 1778. 
April 17, 1777. 
Jan. 1, 1777. 
April 1,1777. 
April 6,1777. 
July 3, 1777. 
April 11, 1777. 



152 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Stephen Lord, 
John Larabee, 
John Smart, 
John Sweet, 
Caleb Smart, 
Jonathan Stevens, 
Benjamin Sweet, 
James Sherer, 
Jonathan Sawyer, 
Joseph Sanborn, 
Henry Thompson, 
Ezra Turner, 



Enlisted. 




Feb. 24 


1777. 


Nov. 25 


1776 




April 7, 


1777 




April 16, 1777 




April 7 


1777 




do 






April 16, 


1777 




April 6 


1777 




April 4 


1777 




Nov. 22, 


177(1 




Nov. 24, 


1770 




Mar. 5 


1777 





Jonathan Webster, 
Thomas Jamerson, 
Moses Sanborn, 
Ephraim Sargeant, 
William Powell, 
Samuel Powell, 
Asa Heath, 
Ephraim Cross, 
John Dorman, 
Thomas Severance, 
Reuben Roberts, 



Enlisted. 
Mar. 7, 1777. 
Feb. 22,1778. 
April 27. 1778. 

do. 
qtfo. 

do. 

do. 
April 25, 1778. 
Jan. 20,1778. 
Mar. 21,1777. 
Nov. 24, 1776. 



Names, Rank, and Dates of Commissions of the Officers of Col. Wil- 
liam Douglas' Connecticut Regiment, raised by the State in June, 
1776, to join the Continental Army in New York. 

William Douglas, Colonel. Commissioned June 20, 1776. 

James Arnold, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned June 20, 1776. 

Phinehas Porter, Major. Commissioned June 20, 1776. 

Benjamin Trumbull, Chaplain. Commissioned June 24, 1776. 

Samuel Barker, Adjutant. Commissioned June 20, 1776. 

Jonah Clark, Quartermaster. Commissioned June 22, 1776. 

Jared Potter, Surgeon. Commissioned July 3, 1776. 

Witham Gould, Surgeon's Mate. Commissioned July 3, 1776. 

Daniel Abbott, Armorer. Commissioned July 8, 1776. 

Captains Commissioned June 20, 1776. 



Nathaniel Johnson, 
Edward Russell, 
Samuel Peeks, 
John Lewis, 



Jonas Prentice, 
Jacob Brackett, 
Nathaniel Bunnell, 
Cornelius Higgins. 



Note.— The sum of £7,847 16s. 2%d. was paid by Ebenezer Huntington, 
Deputy Paymaster-general, for the services of this regiment until the 29th 
December, 1776, when they were discharged by Major-general William 
Heath. Jonah Clark, Quartermaster, acted as Paymaster of the regiment 
for the time. It does not appear that any of those officers served after this, 
lii the Continental Line, to the end of the war. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



153 



Officers and Privates of Col. 
Regiment, as 
Christopher Greene, Colonel. 
John Holden, Adjutant. 
Samuel Ward, Major. 
Peter Turner, Surgeon. 
John Parish, Surgeon's Mate. 
John Cook, Quartermaster. 
Ebenezer Flagg, Paymaster. 

captains. 
John S. Dexter, 
Elijah Lewis, 
Thomas Arnold, 
Ebenezer Flagg, 
Thomas Cole. 

lieutenants. 

2ephaniah Brown, 
Daniel Pierce, 
Elias Thompson, 
John Holden, 
David Johnston, 

ENSIGNS. 

Edward Slocum, 
Joseph Cornell, 
Charles Pierce, 
Cornelius Russell, 
Elias Thompson, 
John Cooke. 

SERGEANTS. 

Henry Davis, 
John Smith, 
Samuel West, 
George Sisson. 
Ebenezer Talbert, 
Asa Lewis, 
Samuel Cranston, 
Seth Fisher, 
Joseph Brown, 1 
William Hutton, 
William Kipp, 



Christopher Greene's Rhode Island 
it stood May 1, 1779. 

Thomas Taylor, 

James Ross, 

George Popple, 

Eldridge Spink, 

Benajah Davis. 
corporals. 

Prince Simons, 

Thomas Stafford, 

Alexander Love, 

William Parks, 

David Potter, 

George Potter, 

Ebenezer Slocumb. 
privates. 

Edward Anthony, 

Benedict Aron, 

Bristol Arnold, 

Richard Allen, 

Joseph Boyer, 

Jack Burrows, 

Primus Babcock, 

Hampton Barton, 

Abram Bemon, 

Prince Bucklin, 

Job Burton, 

Africa Bush, 

Frank Bourn, 

Cato Barrister, 

James Carpenter. 

Prince Childs, 

William Cooper. 

John Charles, 

Jack Coddington, 

Newport Champlin 

James Clark, 

Prince Case, 

Prince Gardiner, 

Perry Green, 

Thomas Nichols, 

Caesar Updike, 



154 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



John Watson, 
Jack Minthorn, 
Mingo Rodman, 
Jacob Hazzard, 
Peter Daily, 
Milford Dick, 
Caesar Wheaton, 
Ichabod Nortlirup, 
Thomas Amos, 
Cato Green, 
William Green, 



Henry Tabor, 
Boston Wilbur, 
Reuben Roberts, 
Prince Rodman, 
Thomas Spencer, 
Josias Soule, 
Primus Watson, 
James Daily, 
Gideon Harry, 
Landon Hall, 
John Pump. 



Names and Rank of the Officers of Col. Israel Angell's Rhode Island 

Continental Regiment in 1779, and other Officers of that State. 
Israel Angell, Colonel. 



Jeremiah Olney, Lieutenant- 
colonel. 
Simeon Thayer, Major. 
Thomas Waterman, Lie utenant 

and Adjutant. 
Samuel Tenny, Surgeon. 
Elias Cornelius, Surgeon's Mate. 
captains. 

William Allen, 

William Tew, 

Stephen Olney, 

Coggeshall Olney, 

William Humphrey, 

William Littlefleld, 

Thomas Hughes. 



lieutenants. 
Thomas Waterman, 
Dutee Jerauld, 
Joseph Wheaton, 
John M. Greene, 
David Sayles, 
Ebenezer Macomber, 
Benj. L. Peckham, 
John Hubbard, 
Oliver Jenks. 

ENSIGNS. 

William Pratt, 
Joseph Masury, 
John Rogers, 
Jeremiah Greenman. 



Other Regiments. 



Christopher Lippett, Colonel. 
Adam Comstock, Lieut.-colonel. 
William Tyler, Adjutant. 
Benjamin Bourn, Quartermaster. 

CAPTAINS. 

Arthur Fenner, 
Simeon Martin, 
David Dexter. 



Nathan Blackmar, 
Loring Peck, 
John Carr, 
Thomas Gorton, 
Benjamin Hoppin, 
Christopher Dyer, 
Thomas Arnold, 
Lemuel Bailey, 
William Jones. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



155 



LIEUTENANTS. 

Gilbert Richardson, 
Reuben Hewitt, 
Thomas Noyes, 
William Belcher, 
Peleg Hoxie, 
Abram Turtelot, 
Jacob Williams, 
Ichabod Prentice, 
Alexander Thomas, 
Gilbert Grant. 

Officers in the 

CAPTAINS. 

Christopher Manchester, 
Caleb Gardner, 
Peter Church, 
Job Pierce, 
Thomas Wells, 
William Barton, 
James Wallace, 
Charles Dyer, 
Samuel Philips, 
Josiah Gibbs, 
Benjamin Dimond. 
Benjamin Frye. 



ENSIGNS. 

Amos Gilson, 
David Melville, 
Benjamin Burn, 
— Philip Martin, 
John Holden, 
John Cowen, 
William Pullen, 
Caleb Mathews, 
Brinton Bliss, 
Joseph Reed. 

Early Part of the War. 

LIEUTENANTS. 

Malachi Hammet, 
Augustus Stanton, 
Walter Palmer, 
Charles Lippett, 
Paul Hannington, 
James Smith, 
Lemuel Bailey, 



John Rogers, 
John Holden, 
Samuel Stevens. 



Names, Rank, Dates of Commissions, and Commencement of Service,, 
of the Officers and Privates of Colonel Ebenezer Stevens' 
Companies of New York Artillery. 

Commissioned Officers. 

Ebenezer Stevens. Commissioned as Lieutenant of Infantry, May 8, 1775 ; 
as Captain of Artillery, December 6, 1775; as Major of Artillery, Novem- 
ber 9, 1776 : and as Lieutenant-colonel of Artillery, April 30, 1778. 

Samuel Hodgdon. Commissioned as Commissary of Military Stores, Feb- 
ruary 1,1777; and as Commissary-general of Military Stores, February 
11,1778. 

Hezekiah Whetmore, Adjutant. Commissioned February 1, 1777. Resigned 
September 6, 1778. 

John Winslow, Paymaster and Captain. Commissioned as Captain, June 8, 
1777 ; as Paymaster, June 1, 1778. Resigned November 5, 1778. 

William Wheeler, Surgeon. Commissioned September 4, 1777. Resigned 
January 8, 1779. 



156 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Josiah Watrous, Surgeon's Mate. Commissioned September 4, 177". On 
command at West Point from November 3, 1778, to January 8, 1779, when 
he resigned. 

Benjamin Bartlett, Conductor. Commissioned January 9, 1777. On com- 
mand in Connecticut, Augusts, 1778. 

Jasper M. Gidley, Conductor. Commissioned June 1, 1777. On command at 
West Point, August 8, 1778. 

James Boyer, Conductor. Commissioned April 24, 1778. 

FIKST COMPANY. 

Stephen Buckland, Captain. Commissioned November 9, 1776 ; f urloughed 
by General Washington from October 30, 1778, for five weeks. On com- 
mand in Connecticut, May, 1778 ; and at West Point, January, 1779. 

William Johnston, ..Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned November 9, 1776. 
On command at West Point in January, 1779. 

Constant Freeman, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 9, 1776. On 
command at West Point, January 17, 1779. Served to the end of the war 
in Crane's Artillery. 

George Ingersol, Second Lieutenant. Commissioned November 9, 1776; 
Joined Crane's Artillery in 1779 ; and served to the end of the war in 
Massachusetts. 

Isaac Barber, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 9, 1776. 
West Point, January, 1779. Joined Crane's Artillery. 

David Doming, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned February 1, 1777. 
West Point, January 17, 1779. 

Non-commissioned Officers for the War. 
Alexander Campbell, Sergeant-major. Appointed June 16, 1777. 



At 



At 



John Degrove, 


Sergeant. 


do. 


November 13, 1776. 


Edward Blake, 


do. 


do. 


January 3, 1777. 


Jeremiah Shea, 


do, 


do. 


March 19, 1777. 


Henry Morto, 


do. 


do. 


August 9, 1777. 


John Blunt, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Alexander Campbell, 


do. 


do. 


November 19, 1776. 


Roger Taylor, 


Corporal. 


do. 


January 3, 1777. 


James Yates, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


William Anderson, 


do. 


do. 


January 4, 1777. 


John Skerrett, 


do. 


do. 


January 3, 1777. 


Anthony Kelly, 


do. 


do. 


August 9, 1777. 


Richard Northover, 


do. 


do. 


November 17, 1776. 


Samuel Denny, 


do. 


do. 


May 14, 1777. 


William Loudon, 


Drum-major. 


do, 


November 11, 1776. 


Henry Crombie, 


Drummer. 


do. 


February 20, 1777. 


Robert Sloan, 


Fifer. 


do. 


February 7, 1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



157 



Bombardiers for the War. 
Appointed. 



Francis Kline, 
Neal McNeal, 
Henry Defreest, 

Edward Ahem, 
John Bitters, 
John Granger, 
William Gortley, 
John Teen, 

Edward Bird, 
Edward Brown, 



Thomas Parker, 
William Balyer, 



Nov. 14.1776. 
do. 
do. 
Gunners for the War. 



William Farden, 



Nov. 17, 1776. 
Jan. 20, 1777. 

May 24, 1777. 
May 10, 1777. 
Aug. 9, 1777. 
Matrosses for the War. 



Appointed. 
Aug. 9, 1777. 
May 10, 1777. 



Mar. 24, 1777 



(Taken prisoner July 6, 1777.) 

John Kenny, Mar. 24, 1777. 

(Reduced July 21, 1777.) 



Dec. 
Jan. 



20, 1776. 
24, 1777. 



Benjamin Cleveland, Nov. 16, 1776. 



Samuel Denny, 
William Dorkham, 
John Green, 
Henry Graham, 
Stephen Hays, 
John Harvey, 
William Hunter, 
John Kenny, 
Peter Meredith, 
John Mclndoe, 
John Nickle, 
Gregory O'Brine, 
John Pewshew, 
James Russell, 
Jahez Spencer, 
John Shobee, 
Jacob Visbee, 
George Wilson, 



July 21, 1777. 
Jan. 25, 1777. 
Jan. 2, 1777. 
Aug. 1, 1777. 
Jan. 28, 1777. 
Jan. 20, 1777. 

do. 
July 21, 1777. 



Jan. 
Jan, 
Jan, 
Jan 
Jan 



27, 1777. 
1, 1777. 
4, 1777. 

29, 1777. 

18, 1777. 
Jan. 13, 1777. 
Nov. 15, 1776. 
Jan. 18, 1777. 
Jan. 4, 1777. 
Jan. 5, 1777. 

THE SECOND 



John Love, Dec. 22, 1776. 

(Missing since July 6, 1777.) 
Thomas Flemming, Nov. 14, 1776. 

(Missing since July 6, 1777.) 

Henry Morto, July 21, 1777. 

(Promoted to Serg. Aug. 9, 1777.) 

John Blunt, July 21, 1777. 

(Promoted to Serg. Aug. 9, 1777.) 
Anthony Kelly, May 14, 1777. 

(Promoted to Corp. Aug. 9, 1777.) 
Thomas Parker, July 21, 1777, 

(Promoted to Bomb. Aug. 9, 1777.) 
John Teen, May 7, 1777. 

(Promoted to Gun. Aug 9, 1777.) 

Jeremiah Coughland, Feb. 4, 1777. 

(Deser'd to the enemy, July 

5, 1777.) 

Daniel Mcintosh, Jan. 6, 1777. 

(Deser'd to enemy July 5, 1777. 

Enos Line, Nov. 15, 1776. 

(Deserted July 9, 1777.) 

COMPANY. 



Nathaniel Donnell, Captain. Commissioned as Second-lieutenant in Cap- 
tain Bernard Romans' Pennsylvania Artillery, March 25, 1776. Promoted 
to First lieutenant May 15, 1776, and promoted to Captain in Major 
Stevens' corps November 9, 1776. Served to end of the war. 

Thomas Vose, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned November 9, 1776, and 
served with Stevens and Crane to the end of the war. 

Joseph Perry, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 9, 1776. In service 
at Pluckermin, January 17, 1779. 



158 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Dauiel McLane, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Nov. 9, 1776. Wounded 
in 1778, and furloughed by Gen. Gates. On command at Springfield, 
January 17, 1779. Served to the end of the war. (See Penn.) 

Joseph Driskill, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Nov. 9, 1776. On com- 
mand at Fishkill in May, 1778, and on furlough in Maryland, Jan. 17, 1779. 

Andrew H. Tracey, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned June 1,1777. Re- 
signed September 15, 1778. 

Non-commissioned Officers for the War. 



Asa Copland, Sergeant-major. 
Nathaniel Champlin, Sergeant. 
Silas Barber, do. 

John Cockel, do. 

James Wilsey, do. 

Lot Howse, do. 

Henri Schineman, do. 

Wm. Loudon, Drum-major. 



Beuoni Harris, Fifer. 
Miles Hubbard, Corporal. 
Matthew Hopkins, do. 



Emanuel Fokey, 


do. 


John Harwood, 


do. 


Ephraim Cook, 


do. 


John Gartsee, 


do. 



Bombardiers for the War. 



Joseph Huckey, 
Gail Cole, 
Thomas Shepard, 



Jacob Whitter, 
William Tolley. 
John McCormitt. 



Gunners for the War. 



Alexander Brinton, 
George Wood, 
Peter Mooney, 
John A. Kemper, 



Matrosses for the 



Joseph Allen, 
Matthew Asterman, 
Francis Bertho, 
Samuel Brown, 
Patrick McDormitt, 
John McCoy, 
Hugh Jones, 
John Kransz, 
William Kelly, 
George Oglesby, 
Robert Robinson 
Peter Vunth, 



Richard Vanorman, 
Matthew Green, 
James Sinnix. 



War. 
John Boudinot, 
Pattricius Band, 
Charles Burman, 
James Douley, 
John Dewitt, 
John Good, 
Michael Geer, 
John Kester, 
Emanuel Lewis, 
John McMurdough, 
James Sinnix, 
George Hanley. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



159 



THIRD COMPANY. 

John Winslow, Captain. Commissioned June 8, 1777. Resigned November 
5, 1778. Lieutenant Thomas Barr took his place. 

Thomas Barr, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned as Third-lieutenant in 
Capt. Romans' Pennsylvania Artillery, March 28, 1776 ; promoted to Sec- 
ond-lieutenant, May 15, 1776 ; on command with Gen. Schuyler till No- 
vember 9, 1776, when he was promoted to Captain-lieutenant in Major 
Stevens' corps. On duty January 17, 1779. 

Jacob Kemper, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 9, 1776. Served 
to the end of the war. (See N. J.) 

Jacob Welch, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 9, 1776. Re- 
signed November 5, 1778. 

Richard Hunnewell, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned February 1, 1777. 
Resigned November 25, 1778. 

John Liswell, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned February 1, 1777. On duty 
January 17, 1779. 

Bon-commissioned Officers for the War. 
Ephraim Milton, Sergeant. Appointed March 21, 1777. 



Charles Newcomb, 
John Jackman, 
John Pocock, 
Henry Stevens, 
George Barron, 
William Hayden, 
Dennis Hogan, 
Jeremiah Smith, 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
Corpora 
do. 
do. 
do. 



dO. 

do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 
March 22, 1777. 

do. 
August 15, 1777. 



Bombardiers for the War. 



Appointed 
Thomas McDowle, Aug. 15, 1777 
Neal Campbell, do. 

Benjamin Cleveland, do. 



Appointed 
Aug. 15, 177" 

do. 

do. 



Benjamin Hunt, 
John Robinson, 
John McKay, 

Gunners for the War. 

. 15,1 
do. 



Robert Hawkins, 


Aug. 15, 1777. 1 


Matthew Thompson, A\ 


Michael Moore, 


do. John McKenzie, 




Matrosses for the War. 


John Brown, 




Daniel Elmore, 


Lawrence Bolong, 


John Moore, 


Lewis Cary, 




Christian Moore 


Peter Elino, 




James Murphy, 



160 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Ephraim Sufferance. 
John Simme, 
George Zimmerman, 
Reese Pugh, 
(Taken prisoner July 7, 1777.) 
Anthony Francis, 
David Franks, 
Charles Hewitt, 
John Jones, 



Clark Lacroix, 

Archibald Nelson, 
Francis Pickard, 
Alexander Ross, 
John Redinbacker, 
Christian Willing, 
John Cantlion, 
(Deserted August 8, 1777.) 



Artillery Artificers belonging to Col. Ebenezer Stevens 1 Corps, 

as it stood from Dec. 16, 1776, to Oct. 1, 1778. 
Noah Nichols, Captain. Commissioned November 9, 1776. 
Nathaniel Call, Captain of Cartridge Makers. Commissioned December 19. 

1777. Resigned September 10, 1778. 
Thomas Patton, Foreman of Smiths. Commissioned December 15, 1777. 
Bela Nichols, Quartermaster. Commissioned July 11, 1778. 
Joseph Olmstead, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 22, 1776. 
Privates for Three Years. 
Enlisted 



Jonathan Bates 
Ebenezer Burrell, 
Alden Burrell, 
Seth Badcock, 
Samuel Bunn, 
Jonathan Bradford, 
Charles Curtis, 
Sylvanus Cook, 
Israel Cowing, 
Benjamin Colemore, 
Edward Dammon, 
Daniel Edwards, 
Samuel Freeman, 
Josiah Fuller, 
Gershom Howe, 
Abner Holmes, 
John Hutter, 
Lemuel Horton, 
Ebenezer Jackson, 
Melzor Joy, 
John Karkar, 
Levi Man, 



Feb. 2,1777. 
Mar. 6,1777. 

do. 
Mar. 17, 1777. 
Feb. 19, 1777. 
Mar. 15, 1777. 
Mar. 2,1777. 
Mar. 15, 1777. 
Feb. 14, 1777. 
Mar. 6,1777. 

do. 
Mar. 20, 1777. 
Mar. 3,1777. 
Mar. 15, 1777. 
Mar. 24, 1777. 
Mar. 15, 1777. 
Mar. 3,1777. 
Mar. 20, 1777. 
Mar. 13, 1777. 
Feb. 2,1777. 
Dec. 16, 1776. 
Mar. 6,1777. 



Enlisted 

Augustus Pierce, Feb. 23, 1777 

Jenkins Palmer, Mar. 8, 1777 

Nathaniel Peck, Mar. 10. 1777. 

James Stoddard, Feb. 2,1777. 

Oliver Stetson, Mar. 2, 1777, 

John Sears, do. 

Benjamin Stevens, Mar. 20, 1777, 
Samuel Stetson, Mar. 2,1777. 

Gershom Spear, Feb. 19, 1777 

Peter Sears, Mar. 2,1777 

Thomas Wood, Jan. 9, 1777 

James Sutter, Jan. 23, 1777 

(For two years.) 
Boylston Potter, Dec. 15, 1776 

(For two years.) 
Stephen Rogers, Jan. 22, 1777 

(For during the war.) 
John Thorp, Nov. 27, 1776 

(For during the war.) 
William Smith. Feb. 22, 1777 

(For during the war. Taken 
prisioner July 6, 1777.) 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



161 



Names of the Discharged Officers i 
Stevens' Company of Artillery in 
deroga January 1, 1777. 

David Cook, Captain-lieutenant. 

Samuel Dogget, Lieutenant. 

Robert Carver, Lieutenant and 
Quartermaster. 

John Baker, Sergeant. 

Samuel Walker, do. 

Thomas Chaffle, do. 

Isaac Jacobs, Corporal. 

Squire Howe, Bombardier. 

Benoni Simmons, do. 

Nathaniel House, do. 



nd Privates of Capt. Ebenezer 
1776, who left service at Ticon- 

James Fowler, Bombardier. 
Benjamin Wade, Gunner. 
Jerod Joy, do. 

John Steward, do. 

John Butter worth, Matross. 
Elijah Brant, do. 

Peleg Damond, do. 

Elisha Joy, do. 

Ezekiel Wallis, do. 

Jacob Muckler, Drummer. 



Names, Rank, Dates of Commissions, and Time of Enlistment of the 
Officers and Privates of Col. Lewis Dubois' New York Regiment, 
as it stood at White Plains, July 22, 1778. 

Lewis Dubois, Colonel. Commissioned June 25, 1776; on furlough by General 
Gates in July, 1778; at the battle of Klock's Field in 1780; and at the cap- 
ture of Fort Montgomery the 6th October, 1777. 

Jacobes Bruyn, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned June 26, 1776; taken 
prisoner at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. 

Samuel Logan, Major. Commissioned June 26, 1776; taken prisoner at Fort 
Montgomery October 6, 1777. Served to the end of the war. 

Henry Dubois, Adjutant. Commissioned November 21, 1777. 

Nehemiah Carpenter, Quartermaster. Commissioned November 21, 1776; 
taken pi-isoner at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. 

Samuel Townsend Paymaster. Commissioned November 21, 1776; on fur- 
lough by Captain Rosecrans. 

John Gano, Chaplain. Commissioned November 21, 1776; promoted to 
Brigade Chaplain. 

Samuel Cook, Surgeon. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served to end 
of the war. 

Ebenezer Hutchinson, Surgeon's Mate. Commissioned June 13, 1778. 
first company. 

James Rosekrans, Captain. Commissioned November 21, 1776; promoted to 
Major, and served to the end of the war. 

Henry Dodge, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served 
to the end of the war. 



162 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Samuel Dodge, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776; taken 
prisoner at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. Served to the end of the 
war. 

Henry Swartwout, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1778; taken pris- 
oner at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. Served to the end of the war. 
Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 



John Christy, 


Sergeant. Appointed January 1, 1777. 


Abraham Johnston, do. 


do. 


do. 


Eleazer Lusy 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Samuel Hull, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


James Robinson, Qr. Mr's. 


Sergt. do. 


do. 


Joseph Gleason, Drum-major. do. 


do. 


David Philips 


, Drummer. do. 


do. 


Abraham Goodwin, Fife-major. do. 


do. 


Depuy Rosecrans, Fifer. 


do. 


do. 


William Walcott, Corpora 


do. 


do. 


John Jee, 


do. 


do. April 4, 1777. 




Privates for Three Years. 






Enlisted. 




Enlisted. 


Jeremiah Bundy, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


William Niver, 


May 10,1777. 


Joseph Brooks, 


do. 


Timothy Rideu, 


Jan. 1, 1177. 


Francis Bevins, 


do. 


William Russell, 


do. 


John Crum, 


May 21,1778. 


George Robinson, 


do. 


Ezra Darling, 


Jan. 20,1777. 


John Southard, 


Jan. 28,1777. 


John Darling, 


do. 


Harmonious Springsteen, do. 


John Delameter, 


do. 


Elijah Stansbury, 


May 18, 1777. 


Christopher Decker, 


do. 


Reuben Smith, 


Feb. 12, 1777. 


Martinus Decker, 


do. 


Abner Smith, 


May 20,1778. 


Richard Dodge, 


do. 


John Thayer, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


William Frost, 


Feb. 5, 1777. 


George Tenegar, 


May 26,1777. 


Henry Geraldeman, 


do. 


James Thornton, 


do. 


John Gibbons, 


do. 


Isaac Utter, Sen., 


Feb. 17,1777. 


Caleb Glean, 


do. 


Isaac Utter, Jr., 


Feb. 20, 1777. 


Nathaniel Hollister, 


do. 


Gilbert Utter, 


do. 


John Harwood, 


do. 


Andrew Vantyning, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Griffin Jones, 


do. 


Peter Vermilyea, 


May 20,1778. 


Prince Johnson, 


May 19,1778. 


Richard Williams, 


May 11,1777. 


Thomas Johnson, 


do. 


Robert Waddel, 


May 26,1777. 


Joseph Johnson, 


do. 


Richard Williams, 


do. 


Paul Kiesley, 


do. 


Josiah Ward, 


do. 


Joshua Lake, 


Jan. 28, 1777. 


Gilbert Edwards, des. June 28, 


Evert Letz, 


April 13, 1777. 


1778. 




John Lounsbury, 


do. 


Samuel Gardner, des 


.July 7,1778. 


Henry Lewis, 


do. 


John B. Keyser, des. 


June 30, 1778. 



Benjamin Meynema, May 10, 1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



SECOND COMPANY. 

Commissioned November 21, 1776 



Served tojthe 



James Stewart, Captain. 

end of the war. 
Alexander McArthur, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. 

Taken prisoner at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. 
John McClaughrey, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Taken 

prisoner at Fort Montgomery, October 6, 1777. 
John Reid, Sergeant. Appointed January 1, 1777. 
John Lovett, Corporal. do. do. 

Privates who formed the Company, January 1, 1777. 



Walter Booker, 
Conrad Cunite, 
Daniel Carrigan, 
Volker Dow, 
Thomas Fitzgerald, 
James Gillasby, 
George Hasbrook, 
Samuel Hopper, 
James Humphrey, 
James Heller, 
Abraham Hepp, 



Daniel Monison, 
William Malcalf, 
Patrick Monow, 
Jeremiah Richie, 
Thomas Russell, 
Robert Robertson, 
John Stump, 
Thomas Smally, 
Joseph Smith, 
Isaac Samson. 



THIRD COMPANY. 

Amos Hutchings, Captain. I cannot get any information relative to the 
commission of this Captain, nor his service ; but it appears he lost his 
lif e in the service June 23, 1778. 
Patton Jackson, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1777. Taken 

prisoner at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. 
John Furman, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Cap- 
tured at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. Served to the end of the war. 
Non-commissioned Officers for Three Tears. 
Seth Stalker, Sergeant. Appointed February 12, 1777. 
James Pride, do. do. August 12, 1776. 

Jasper Allen, Drummer. do. January 1,1777. 

John Factor, Fifer, do. do. 

John Wilson, Corporal, do. do. 

Privates for Three Years from January 1, 1777. 



Samuel Langdon, 
Roger Latimore, 
Peter Hopper, 



John Rhoads, 
Philip Richards, 
Thomas Jones, 



164 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Joseph Jones, John Wills, 

Benjamin Latemore, John Allison, 

John Secor, Lawrence Bonker, 

Malatiah Weeks, John Allison, jun. 

FOURTH COMPANY. 

Philip De Bois Bevier, Captain. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served 

to the end of the war. 
Michael Connolly, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. On 

command at New Windsor in 1778. Served to the end of the war 
Daniel Birdsall, Second -lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. On 
command at Wallkill, in 1778, after clothing, &c. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Tears. 
Ebenezer Burnett, Sergeant. Appointed December 10, 1776. 



James Hannah, do. 


do. April 6, 1777. 


Henry Hornblsh, do. 


do. April 12, 1777. 


Jasper Prior, 


do. 


do. March 12, 


L777. 


Joseph Case, 


Corporal. 


do. July 26, 1776. 


Nathan Tupper, do. 


do. January 1,1777. 


William Pembroke, do. 


do. February 7, 1777. 


James Peresonus, do. 


do. February 27, 1777. 


William Whitehead, Drummer. do. December 1, 1776. 


William Cooke, Fifer. 


do. July 1, 1777 






Privates for 


Three Years. 






Enlisted. 




Enlisted. 


William Bloomer, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Silas Leonard, 


June 21,1778. 


John Blaws, 


Dec. 1, 1776. 


John McAnarny, 


Aug. 2, 1776. 


James Bishop, 


April 9,1777. 


John McLean, 


Dec. 1, 1776. 


Asa Crawfoot, 


do. 


Robert Milligan, 


do. 


Lemuel Chapman, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Joseph Mitchell, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Jacob Cline, 


Aug. 4, 1777. 


William Nelson, 


Mar. 11,1777. 


Nehemiah Cheshire 


do. 


Daniel Osben, 


June 26, 1776. 


Moses Dimond, 


Jan. 25,1777. 


Jonathan Penny,sick at Newburg. 


William Dimond, 


do. 


William Russell, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Daniel Flanagan, 


Aug. 28,1777. 


William Riston, 


do. 


John Fulton, 


Mar. 31,1777. 


Thomas Shurkey, 


Dec. 1, 1776. 


John Hendrickson, 


Dec. 1, 1776. 


David Smith, Jun., 


Feb. 7, 1777. 


Wm. Hankerson, 


Jan. 5, 1777. 


David Smith, sen., 


do. 


William Hollet, 


Jan. 17,1777. 


John Slouter, 


April 13, 1777. 


George Hollet, 


Jan. 18,1777. 


Jesse Smith, 


do. 


Caleb Jewet, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Abraham Traverse, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Andrew Kyser, 


Aug. 4, 1777. 


Peter Tilton, 


Mar. 1, 1777. 


John Kyser, 


do. 


Samuel Townsend, 


April.15, 1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



165 



Enlisted. 
Absalom Townsend, April 15, 1777. 
Gysbert Vandemark, Aug. 10, 1776. 
Abraham Wilson, Aug. 12, 1776. 
Henry Wilsey, Jan. 30, 1777. 



Enlisted. 
Edward Welsh, May 19, 17' 

Patrick Dirking, returned from 
captivity July 22, 1778. 



FIFTH COMPANY. 

Thomas Lee, Captain. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served to June 

23, 1778, and either died or resigned. 
Henry Pawling, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776 ; taken 
prisoner October 6, 1777 ; promoted to Captain June 23, 1778. Served to 
the end of the war. 
Samuel English, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. 

Served to the end of the war. 
James Johnson, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776; promoted to 
Lieutenant. Served to the end of the war. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Tears. 
Corneles Tarbush, Sergeant. Appointed December 25, 1776. 



Isaac Lent, 


do. 


do. 


December 23, 1776. 


Richard Hawkey, do. 


do. 


May 14, 1778. 


Corneles Vandermark, do. 


do. 


September 4, 1777. 


Peter Snyder, 


do. 


do. 


December 25, 1777. 


Francis Vantine, Corporal 


do. 


June 1, 1777. 


Nathaniel Banker, do. 


do. 


June 11, 1777. 


Samuel Hawaii 


do. 


do. 


September 4, 1777. 


David Gregg, 


do. 


do. 


January 9, 1778. 


Syles Horton, 


Drummer. do. 


March 1, 


1778. 


Elijah Parker, 


Fifer. 


do. 


September 4, 1777. 




Privates for 


Three Years. 






Enlisted. 






Enlisted. 


Adam Brannon, 


April 5,1777. 


Joseph Geones, 


April 20, 1776. 


Jeremiah Briggs, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


John Homer, 


Dec. 25, 1777. 


Josiah Buckby, 


do. 


Henry Hawkey, 


May 14,1778. 


Samuel Curran, 


Nov. 16,1776. 


Philip Kerbenger, 


May 4, 1776. 


John Coleman, 


Jan. 20,1777. 


William Lane, 


Dec. 16,1776. 


Isaac Danielson, 


Dec. 25, 1776. 


John Lockwood, 


July 1, 1777. 


Michael Fowler, 


May 6, 1778. 


Daniel Loder, 


do. 


Hezekiah Gregg, 


Dec. 26,1776. 


Ebenezer Landers, 


April 5,1777. 


Gideon Goodshed, 


Dec. 25,1776. 


William Lawrence, 


Dec. 26,1776. 


Michael Gwin, 


Dec. 27, 1776. 


John McClarning, 


do. 


Samuel Goslin, 


July 1, 1777. 


Philip Muckeloony, 


April 27, 1778. 


Seth Gilbert, 


do. 


Jonathan Newman, 


May 4, 1778. 



166 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 





Enlisted. 




Enlisted. 


Joshua Philips, 


Dec. 16,1776. 


Abraham Shear, 


Feb. 20, 1777. 


John Peck, 


Dec. 27,1776. 


Nehemiah Sheroden, April 21, 1778. 


Matthias Randal, 


Dec. 28,1776. 


John Talladay, 


Dec. 15, 1776. 


Daniel Robinson, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Joshua Tucker, 


do. 


Jacob Ramson, 


June 20, 1777. 


Robert Vantine, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


William Strait, 


Dec. 25,1776. 


Garret Vanhuser, 


Dec. 26,1777. 


Henry Strait, 


do. 


Joseph Vansant, 


June 25, 1777. 


Ezekiel Simmons, 


do. 


Isaac Vantine, 


May 15,1778. 


Evarts Slawter, 


do. 


Titus Vanderdunk, 


May 13,1777. 


Marvel Slutfc, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Isaac Williams, 


Dec. 26,1776. 


Abraham Skeet, 


Jan. 1, 1778. 


Samuel Weed, 


do. 


Henry Scouten, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


James Wood, 


do. 


Thomas Smith, 


Feb. 28,1777. 


John Whitehead, 


do. 


Abraham Sleet, 


Feb. 9, 1777. 


Jacob West, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


George Shafer, 


Dec. 26,1776. 







THE SIXTH COMPANY. 

Henry Goodwin, Captain. Commissioned November 21, 1776; captured at 

Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. Served to the end of the war. 
Solomon Pendleton, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. 

Captured at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777, and was still a prisoner 

December 1, 1780. 
Ebenezer Motte, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Nov. 21, 1776; captured 

at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. Served to the end of the war. 
Abraham Leggett, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776 ; captured at 

Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. Served to the end of war : was made 

Lieutenant. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 

Henry Schoonmaker, Sergeant. Returned from captivity July 22, 1778. 



Jonathan Baylis, 


do. 


Appointed March 4, 1777. 


John Alaben, 


do. do. 


do. 


John Christy, 


Corporal. do. 


do. 


Daniel Johnson, 


do. do. 


do. 


Joseph Anderson, 


do. do. 


do. 


David Goodwin, 


Drummer, do. 


do. 


Privates for 


Three Years. Joined March 4, 1777. 


Holmes Austin, 






Prince Danford, 


Lemuel Bartlett 






Peter Holmes, . 


Jacob Craft, 






James Hunter, 


Nathan Dubois, 






William Mooney, 


Abraham Delancey, 




Abraham Mooney, 



John Nicolls, 
Stephen Nicolls, 
Jeremiah Simians, 
Richard Stephens, 
Abraham Seymore, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 

Elias Thompson, 
Jacob Tobias, 
Jacob VanGeleder, 
Frederick Wemire. 



167 



THE SEVENTH COMPANY. 

John F. Hamtramck, Captain, Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served 

to the end of the war. 
Francis Hanmer, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served to 
the end of the war. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 
William Barken, Sergeant. 



Benjamin Lawrence, 
Alexander Humphrey, 
Joseph Pribble, 
John Wandell, 
William Sole, 
John Hains, Drummer. 
Thomas Russell, Fifer. 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



Appointed April 23, 1777. 
Deserted July 22, 1778. 

Appointed June, 14, 1777. 
do. do. 

do. Feb. 21, 1778. 



Privates for Nine Months from June 14, 1778. 



Russel Brockaway. 
John Babcock. 
Elisha Berry. 
Ebenezer Cummins. 
Ephraim Eaton. 
Moses Gee. 
Joshua Griffin. 
Jeremiah Griffith. 
John Hasom. 



Emanuel Heneky. 
Elisha Millard. 
Ephraim Quan. 
John Ripley. 
James Slaven. 
James Shaw. 
Obadiah Thorn. 
William Selle. 
Joseph Vanote. 



THE EIGHTH COMPANY. 

Commissioned November 21, 1776. 



Commissioned Nov. 21, 1776. 



John Johnson, Captain 

end of the war. 
Henry W. Vandeburg, First-lieutenant, 

Served to the end of the war. 
James Betts, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. 
Henry J. Vandeburg, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776. 
Non-commissioned Officers for Three Yean. 



Served to the 



John Furdon, Sergeant. 
Levi Watson, do. 

Versal Dickinson, do. 
James Taller, do. 



Samuel Combes, Corporal. 
Peter Combes, do. 

Joshua Hunt, Drummer. 
James Ransom, Fifer. 



168 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Privates for 
James Betts, Jr., 
Amos Beach, 
John Bonker, 
James Bishop, 
Ambrose Benedict, 
Bartholomew Bonker, 
John Culp, 
John Conibes, 
Amos Denton, 
Jacob Eakby, 
James Forgason, 
James Gready, 
"William Hews, 
Henry House. 



Three Years. 

Jonathan Oakley, X 

Thomas Palmerton, 

John Pepper, 

Jonathan Rose, 

James Russell, 

Robert Sweet, 

George Thomas, 

Jacob Wilbur, 

Stephen Wheeler, 

Ichabod Wilbur, 

Stephen Smith, 
John Chamberlain, Sergeant, re- 
turned from captivity, July 22, 
1778. 



Names, Rank, &c, of Colonel Peter Gansevoort's Company in the 
Third New York Regiment, as it stood in Winter Quarters at 
Albany, from Dec. 1, 1778, to March 15, 1779. 
Peter Gansevoort, Colonel. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served to 
the end of the war, from 1781, under a commission from the State of New 
York. Died July 2, 1812. 
George Sylez, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served 

during the war. 
Peter Magee, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Promoted to Lieu- 
tenant. Served to the end of the war. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 
Robert Weldon, Sergeant-major. 
Francis Jackson, Quartermaster's Sergeant. 
Conradt Friday, Drummer. 

Andrew Gardiner, Fife-major. Appointed January 1, 1777. 
Daniel Dawson, Fifer. 

Sylvanus Seely, Sergeant. Appointed January 1, 1777. 
Jonathan Hunter, do. do. April 24, 1777. 

Samuel Gilbert, Corporal. do. December 6, 1776. 

Nathaniel Meeker, do. do, December 1, 1776. 

Daniel Owens, do. do. do. 

Privates for Three Years. 
Peter Anthony, Nicholas Bovie, 

John Anthony, John Borden, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



Eliphalet Cassells, 




Lancaster Lighthall, 


Benjamin Cowdry, 




John McFarlin, 


Joseph Demont, 




James Patterson, 


Thomas Gregg, 




John Ross, 


John Goodcourage, 




Solomon Smith, 


Adam Harter, 




John Thompson, 


William Harvey, 




John Van Sice 


John Hurley, 




Roger Wabby, 


Frederick Huffner, 




Joseph White. 


Christian Kiesburg, 




Francis Willet, 


James Lighthall, 




Michael Zeaster. 


Enlisted.. 


Enlisted. 


John Burke, June 


9, 1777. 


Eli Pixley, Jan. 1, 1777. 


Sylvanus Craddock, July 


5, 1777. 


Chalken Pratt, Dec. 18, 1776. 


William Grumsby, Dec. 


3, 1776. 


Richard Robertson, Dec. 1, 1776. 


Hendrick Hines, Jan. 


5, 1779. 


Samuel Shirts, Jan. 1, 1777. 


Jonathan Klock, Jan. 


1, 1777. 


Samuel Suller, Dec. 17, 1776. 


Bartley Murray, Dec. 


1, 1776. 


William Whitham, Jan. 1, 1777. 


Edward Parker, Dec. 


29, 1776. 


Nicholas Loux, Jan. 29, 1779. 



Names, Rank, Dates- op Commissions, and Terms of Service of the 
Officers and Privates of Captain Cornelius T. Jansen's Company, 
belonging to colonel peter gansevoort's new york regiment, 
from November 21, 1776, to January 1, 1781, when it camped at Fort 
Edward. 

Cornelius T. Jansen, Captain. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served to 
the end of the war. t 

Nanning Vanderheydeu, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 
1776. At Fort Schuyler, June 1, 1778, on duty. 

Moses Yeomans, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. 
Sent on the recruiting service from April 1, 1778. 

Benjamin Bogardus, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Trans- 
ferred to the Major's Company, August 1, 1780. 

Josiah Bagley, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Promoted to 
Lieutenant, January 7, 1780. Transferred to the Major's Company. 
Served during the war. 

John Spoor, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776. On command at 
Stillwater, May 19, 1779. 

Jeremiah Van Rensselaer, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776. On 
furlough at Albany from January 9 to July 5, 1780. Acted as Pay- 
master in 1780. Transferred to the Lieutenant-colonel's Company. Pro- 
moted to Lieutenant, and served to the end of the war. 



170 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Non-commissioned Officers 
Samuel Abby, Sergeant. 

John Burkaus, do. 

Alexander McDougall, do. 
Jacob Sax, do. 

(Took the place of John Burkaus, who 
1779.) 

Benjamin Wearing, Corporal. 
Christian Shriver, do. 

Joseph Ladd, do. 

Nathan Upright, Drummer. 
John McKinsey, Fifer. 

Privates for Bur 

Enlisted. 



Peter Adley, 
Henry Ademy, 
Joseph Bailey, 
George Blawer, 
John Black, 
John Briggs, 
"Nicholas Cassady, 
John Corragill, 
Francis Cranbury, 
Joseph Evans, 
William Gifford, 
Thomas Herrett, 
John Limbaker, 
John Miles, 
Christopher Mentz, 



Feb. 19,1777. 

Nov. 29, 1776 
Dec. 10,1776 
Nov. 12, 17 
Feb. 18,1776, 
Nov. 12, 1776 
Mar. 13, 1777, 
April 8,1777 
Mar. 8,1777 
Nov. 12, 1776 
Dec. 2, 1776 
Nov..28, 1776 
Feb. 25, 1777 
Dec. 2, 1776 
Jan. 5, 1777, 



CorneliusMcDermott, Dec. 1, 17713, 



Christopher Queen, 
Albert Rose, 
Joseph Russell, 
Isaac Seamans, 
Christian Shriver, 
Jacob Shyler, 
George Upright, 
John Watlace, 
Joel Freaze, 

(Deserted Dec. 2, 
John Vandank, 

(Deserted Feb. 17 
Jesse Hoft, 



Nov. 12, 1 
April 4, 1777, 
Nov. 12, 1776, 
Nov. 28, 1776, 
Nov. 12, 1776, 
Feb. 26, 1777 
April 19, 1777 
Feb. 20,1777 
Dec. 1, 1776. 
1776.) 

Feb. 16,17 
1777.) 
Feb. 25,17 



(Deserted Feb. 26, 1777. 



for During the War. 
Appointed February 6, 1777. 

do. May 13, 1777. 

do. February 26, 1777. 

do. November 27, 1777. 

was promoted to Ensign, Feb. 17, 

Appointed November 27, 1776. 
do. do. 

do. do. 

do. February 16, 1777. 
do. November 29, 1776. 

ing the War. 

Enlisted. 
John McHenry, Feb. 26, 1777. 

(Deserted Feb. 27, 1777.) 
Joseph Hughes, Feb. 22,1777. 

(Died Mar. 9, 1777.) 
Alexander Campbell,April 5, 1777. 

(Deserted April 13, 1777.) 
Ephraim Seamans, Dec. 2, 1776. 

Deserted April 26, 1777. 
Adam Dornberry, June 16, 1777. 

(Deserted June 22, 1777. 
Pervis Austin, Feb. 23, 1777. 

(Discharged July 19, 1777, by 
General Schuyler.) 
James Cansman, April 18, 1777. 

(Deserted April 26, 1777.) 
Stephen Tuttle, Mar. 22, 1777. 

(Discharged by the Muster- 
master as unfit. 
Barnhart Minnick, June 31, 1779. 
Uriah Owens, Mar. 21, 1779. 

Timothy Canfleld, April 18, 1778. 
James Fowls, Dec. 8, 1776. 

Arthur Hurley, April 3,1778. 

Evert Lansing, Jan. 12, 1777. 

Moses Lent, April 25, 1778. 

Robert Ryon, April 11, 1778. 

James Sheels, Feb. 28, 1777. 

Esau Wilbur, April 30, 1778. 

Henry Weaver, Nov. 26, 1776. 

John Forrigh, Nov. 27,1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 171 



Enlisted. 
Hercules Lent, Mar. 27, 177 

Robert Leonard, May 30, 177 
Charles Bennet, May 5, 177 



Enlisted. 
Perry Bennet, May 9, 177? 

Ephraim Blawer, Mar. 17, 178( 



Discharged Men, &c. 
Nicholas Cassady, discharged March 13, 1780. 
George Upright, do. April 16, 1780. 

Joseph Evans, prisoner with the enemy April 16, 1780. 
John Limbaker, wagoner with the army. 
Samuel Abby, died October 5, 1780. 
Jacob Sax, discharged November 27, 1780. 

Timothy Canneld, on a horse-guard in Dutchess county, in December, 1780. 
Joseph Edes, in the Armory in Albany, December, 1780. 
Henry Weaver, transferred to the Major's Company July 13, 1780. 
James Mulholland, do. do. do. 

Isaac Yeomans, do. do. do. 

Esau Wilbur, died August 7, 1780. 
John Pitman, died January 9, 1780. 
Evert Lancing, discharged January 12, 1780. 

James Sheels, do. February 8, 1780. 

Nathan Upright, do. February 16, 1780. 

John Wallace, do. February 18, 1780. 

Alexander McDougall, do. February 26, 1780. 

George Blawers, do. February 10, 1780. 

William Gifford, do. do. 

Francis Crambury, taken prisoner August 24, 1778. 
Hercules Lent, discharged November 3, 1778. 

This company was at Fort Schuyler in 17FT and 1778, and bravely defended 
it against St. Leger; at Saratoga in March 1779; at Albany from December, 
1778, to May, 1779; at Canajoharie in June, 1779; at the camp near Morris- 
town in the winter of 1779 and spring of 1780: at the Highlands of the Hud- 
son July, 1780; and in winter-quarters at Fort Edward, January 1, 1781. 



Names, Rank, Dates of Commissions, and other Notes of Colonel John 

Lamb's Regiment of New York Artillery-, from January 1, 1777, to 

March 4. 1779. 
John Lamb, Colonel. Commissioned January 1, 1777. Served to the end of 

the war. 
Eleazer Oswald, Lieutenant -colonel. Commissioned January 1, 1777. Left 

the service in July, 1778, soon after the battle of Monmouth. 



172 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Isaac Hubbell, Adjutant. 



Commissioned April 1, 1777. 



William Fenno, Quartermaster. 
John Dutton Crimshier, Paymaster. 
Caleb Austin, Surgeon's Mate. 
Anthony Post, Captain of Artificers. 
Garret Brower, Lieut, of Artificers. 
Samuel Johnson, Foreman. 



Andrew Moodie, Captain. Comn 

end of the war. 
Daniel Gano, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned January 1, 17 
Joseph Ashton, Lieutenant. Unknown. 
George Lecraft, do. do. 

Andrew McFarlane, Sergeant. do. 
Cornelius Swartwout, Lieutenant. Supernumerary in 1778. 



do. 


March 5, 1777. 


do. 


July 1, 1777. 


do. 


January 1, 1777. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


'No 


1. 


led 


January 1, 1777. Served to the 



Thomas Kelton, 


Sergeant. 


Unkn 


Abel Pettie, 


do. 


do. 


Thon^as Vallance, do. 


do. 


Thomas Munro, 


do. 


do. 


Moses Latta, 


do. 


do. 


Edward Hayne, 


do. 


do. 


William Nichols, 


Corporal. 


do. 


Israel Smith, 


do. 


do. 


James J. Slack, 


do. 


do. 



Hugh Lindsey, Bombardier, do. 



Wm. Buchanan, Bombard'r.Unkn. 

John Hammond, 

Hugh Crocast, 

Thomas Preston, 

Robert English, 

John Sullivan, 

Alexander McKoy, 

John Patterson, 

Cornelius Vanderhof, Drum'r.do. 

James Pembrook, Fifer. 



do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Gunner. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


\ do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 



Matrosses. 



John Rhodes, 
David Hanmore, 
Robert Wigham, 
James Van Garder, 
Alexander Mofflt, 
John Douglas, 
William Graham, 
James Sherer, 
William Swan, 
Thomas Griffith, 
Hugh McCall, 
John Kelly, 
Francis Postle, 
Patrick Connell, 
David Corben, 



Thomas Thorp, 
Alexander Young, 
Samuel Miller, 
William Cunningham, 
Christopher Medler, 
James Brown, 
David Pembrook, 
James Little, 
John Decker, 
William Darby, 
Hugh Pauley, 
John Garnett, 
Gideon Chase, 
John Decker, 
James Boyd, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY "WAR. 



173 



Gershom Mott, Captain 

of the war. 
Joseph Thomas, Captain-lieutenant. 
Isaac Hubbell, Lieutenant. 
Isaac Guion, do. 

Francis Shaw, do. 



Peter Woodward, do. 
Jos. Van Emburg, Sergeant. Unkn. 
Lewis Felton, Corporal. do. 

Samuel Longley, Drummer, do. 
Michael Rockford, Fifer. do. 

James Johnston, Bombardier, do. 



Company No. 2. 
Commissioned January 1, 1777. Served to the end 



Commissioned January 1, 1777. 



do. 
do. 
do. 



do. 



do. 

February 1, 1777. 

February 1, 1777. Re- 
signed February 10. 
1779. 

February 1, 1777. 



John Rowen, Bombardier. Unkn. 



John Revere, do. 
John Mahony, Gunner. 
Joseph Emerson, do. 
Joshua Bishop, do. 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



Matrosses for Three Tears. 



"William Robertson, 

Jesse Brown, 

Joseph Vericul, 

John Sunderlin, 

Thomas Kerney, 

John Cogan, 

Robert Fowler, 

Jacob "Wilsie, 

Jacob Hicks, 

John David, 

Company No 
Samuel Lockwood, Captain. 
Henry "Waring, Capt. Lieut. 
James Brewster, Lieutenant. 
Stephen Ailing, do. 

Samuel "Whiting, do. 
Jeremiah Finch, Sergeant. 
Charles Knapp, do. 

Edward Rich, do. 

John Townd, do. 

Elijah Tilden, Corporal. 
Jared Lockwood, do. 

Matrosses for Three Years. 



Abraham Myers, 

John Youkse, 

John Russell, 

Ambrose Laddow, 

George Bishop, 

Robert Richardson, 

David Storm, 

George Harris, 

Abraham Dutcher, 

John Smith. 
from January 1, 1777. 

Joseph Travers, Corporal. 
"William "Waters, do. 
Thomas Winters, Bombardier. 
Israel Henna, do. 

Hercules Wissells, do. 
Timothy Lockwood, Drummer. 
Joseph Fletcher, Gunner. 
Medd. Marshall, do. 
Abraham Haise, do. 
Samuel Johnson, do. 



Samuel Knapp, 
Peter Betts, 
John Burley, 
Jonathan Adams, 



David Lockwood, 
James Vissels, 
Samuel Finch, 
Theodorus Parsons, 



174 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Joseph Goreham, 
Samuel Meed, 
Daniel Adams, 
Isaac Davis, 
William Towud, 
Edmund Swaney, 
Thomas Sanders. 
Company No. 4, from January 1, 1777. 
Robert Walker, Captain. 



John Reed, 

Justus Whitney, 
Nathaniel Holmes, 
Moses Lockwood, 
Elijah Whiting, 
Elijah Meed, 
David Slater, 



Samuel Welb, Capt. Lieut. 
James Hughes, 2d Lieut. 
William Hubbell, do. 
John Benjamin, Sergeant. 
Samuel Stowe, do. 
John Smyth, do. 

Enos Jones Prindle, Corporal. 

Matrosses fot 
Ebenezer Hastings, 
Matthew St. John, 
Samuel L. Brooks, 
Peter Garrison, 
Eli Nicholas, 
Henry Cutler, 
David Barlow, 
Robert Simmons, 

Company No. 5, 
Jonathan Brown, Captain, 
Ephraim Fenno, Capt. Lieut. 
Caleb Brewster, First-lieutenant. 
Severely wounded in the service. 
Congress, per act 11th August, 
1790, allowed him $348.57 for ex- 
penses, and $16?3 per month for 
pension, provided he refund his 
"commutation." 
Oliver Lawrence, Second-lieut. 
William Cebra, do. 

Timothy Mix, Sergeant. 



John Peet, Corporal, 
Jeremiah Ryne, Bombardier. 
Jesse Smyth, do. 

Richard Williams, Gunner. 
Joshua Hinkley, do. 
Samuel Wakelin, do. 
John Wilcox, Drummer. 
Joseph Ransford, Fifer. 

Three Years. 

Eliakim White, 

Benjamin Dean, 

Benoni Gardner, 

Stephen Mix, 

Andrew Porter, 

John Clark, 

David Sellick, 

Robert Morris. 
from January 1, 1777. 

William Heacock, Corporal. 
Solomon Barnes, do. 

Yale Todd, do. 

Elias Willcocks, do. 

Edmund Parker, do. 

Cornelius Bracket, Bombardier. 



David Clark, 


do. 


Charles Veck, 


do. 


Isaac Fish, 


do. 


Hiel Peck, 


do. 


Gabriel Leverish, 


do. 



Samuel Pribble, 


do. 


Timothy Wilmot, 


do. 


Benjamin Smith, 


do. 


Abraham Barns, 


Gunner. 


Zebulon Benton, 


do. 


Isaac Foot, 


do. 


Walter Wilmott, 


do. 


David Stone, 


do. 


Obadiah Hill, 


do. 



Jesse Peck, Drummer and Fifer. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



175 



Matt 
Isaac Cooper, 
Samuel Champion, 
Samuel Frasier, 
Abel Jacobs, 
Ebenezer Lines, 
James Moody, 
John Pierpont, 
Elmore Russell, 
Patrick Snow, 
Samuel Turney, 

Company No. 6, 
Josiah Wool, Captain. 
William Stevens, Capt. Lieut. 
Elisha Harvey, 2d Lieut. 
Amariah Vose, Sergeant. 
Cornelius Stagg, do. 
Samuel Pearsons, Gunner. 

Company No. 7, 
Theodore Thomas Bless, Captain. 

Served to the end of the war. 
Thomas Machin, Capt. Lieut. 
Thomas Gee, Sergeant. 

James McGuffle, do. 

John Buchanan, do. 

Joseph Halstead, do. 



for TJiree Years. 

Thaddeus Barns, 
Thomas Rumbloo, 
Samuel Squires, 
Taber Smith, 
James Thomas, 
John Twitchell, 
Gideon Webb, 
Stephen Whelton, 
Abel Mallet, 
Joel Wilmott. 

from January 1, 1777. 

William Thompson, Gunner. 
John Day, Matross. 

James Silve, do. 

William Bacon, do. 
Thomas Shehan, do. 
Amos Eastwood, do. 

from January 1, 1777. 

James McBride, Corporal. 
Daniel Thorn, do. 

William McBride, Bombardier. 
Peter States, do. 

James Scofleld, do. 

John Murphy, Gunner. 

William Ockennan, do. 



Matrosses. 



George Clark, 
John Cunningham, 
Enos Hegerdy, 
Samuel Woodruff, 



James Whitmore, 
Jeremiah Randall, 
Israel Coleman, 
John Nelson. 



Names and Rank of Captain Anthony Post's Artificers attached 
to Colonel John Lamb's New York Artillery, by order of 
Brigadier-general Knox, January 1, 1777. 
Anthony Post, Captain. 
Garret Brower, Lieutenant. Samuel Johnson, Foreman. 



176 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Privates. 



David Shaddel, 
Abraham Brower, 
Thomas Dolphin, 
Thomas Harrison, 
Thomas Whitman, 
Ebenezer Byrom, 
Joseph Clark, 
Abel Burgess, 
Azariah Willis, 
John Bachelder, 
Benjamin Fuller, 
Oliver Chapman, 
Jonathan Bills, 
Abner Burrows, 
Silas Huntington, 
Timothy White, 
Theodore Burnham, 
Moses Boynton, 
Eleazer Burnett, 
Nathan Burrows, 
William Walker, 
Moses Samson, 
Consider Chapman, 
Job Eaton, 
Samuel White, 



Isaac Townson, 
Thomas Willys, 
Abiathar Elmore, 
Ashbel Fox, 
Nathaniel Holmes, 
Woodbridge Balcher, 
Abraham Forster, 
Zechariah Forster, 
Cotton Dickinson, 
Nathan Field, 
Sylvanus Waters, 
David Knapp, 
Jeremiah Randall, 
Amos Lockwood, 
Jonathan Childs, 
John Pollard, 
Benjamin Hatch, 
John Wild, 
Benjamin Gilman, 
Elihu Cook, 
Amariah Cushman, 
Ephraim Dunlap, 
Edward Allen, 
Alexander Mills, 
Edward Lockwood. 



Names of Captain Gershom Mott's Company op Colonel John Lamb's 
Artillery, as it stood at Pldckamin, March 4, 1779. 
Gershom Mott, Captain. On furlough. 
Joseph Thomas, Captain-lieutenant. 
Isaac Hubbell, First-lieutenant. 
Isaac Gion, Second -lieutenant. 

Peter Woodward, do. do. On command. 

Joseph Van Emburg, Sergeant. Appointed March 18, 1777. 
Robert Britt, do. 

Nathaniel Higgins, do. 

Joseph Emerson, do. 

Jesse Brown, Corporal. 
William Nelnit, do. 
John Revere, Bombardier. 
Joshua Bishop, Gunner. 



Appointed March 18, 1777. 
do. February 22, 1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



177 



Gabriel Bishop, 


Matross. Appointed February 33, 1777. 


Abraham Dutcher, 


do. 


do. 


September 3, 1777. 


John David, 


do. 


do. 


September 33, 1777. 


Jacob Hicks, 


do. 


do. 


February 34, 1777. 


Ambrose Laddow, 


do. 


do. 


February 35, 1777. 


Abraham Myer, 


do. 


do. 


February 34, 1777. 


John Russell, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Robert Richardson, 


do. 


do. 


August 31, 1777. 


Jacob Wilsie, 


do. 


do. 


July 33, 1777. 


John Yurkse, 


do. 


do. 


July 34, 1777. 


John Mahony, 






Samuel Langley, Drummer. 


William Robertson, 






John Cogan, 


John Sunderlin, 






Richard Dale, 


Joseph Varicul, 






Joseph Hunt. 



Names, Rank, &c, of Captain Winthrof Sargent's Company of Artil- 
lery BELONGING TO THE REGIMENT COMMANDED BY COLONEL JOHN 

Crane of Massachusetts,^ it stood Nov. 1, 1778. 
Winthrop Sargent, Captain. Stationed on Quaker Hill. 
Daniel Parker, Captain-lieutenant. Resigned October 35, 1778, 
James Hall, First-lieutenant. 
John Cooper, Second-lieutenant. 
Joseph Bliss, Second-lieutenant. Annexed to Capt. Sargent Oct. 1, 1778, 

and on command at Providence, R. I. 
Samuel Bass, Second-lieutenant. Transferred to Capt. Eustis, October 1, 

1778. 
Reuben Jagger, Sergeant. 

William Young, do. Appointed May 19, 1778. 
John Tucker, Corporal. do. May 15, 1777. 

Nathaniel Bowen, Corporal. Annexed to Captain Sargent November 1, 

1778. On command at Providence. 
John Rusher, Corporal. Appointed November 33, 1777. Transferred to 

Capt. Eustis, November L. 1778. 
Nathan Fuller, Gunner. Appointed March 29, 1777. 
John Sanders, Drummer. do. June 7, 1777. 
Temple de Corsta, Fifer. do. March 11, 1777. 
Matrosses. 





Enlisted. 




Enlisted. 


Cornelius Bergen, 


April 16, 1877. 


David Austin, 


Unknown. 


Thomas Bagnell, 


May 24, 1778. 


WillianVBurt, 


do. 



178 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 





Enlisted. 




Enlisted. 


Justin Boice. Annexed to Captain 


Michael Kirklin, 


Unknown. 


Sargent, Nov. 1, 


1778. 


Peter Le Baugh, 


Jan. 24, 177S. 


Philip Brooks, 


Mar. 2,1778. 


John Neale, 


Unknown. 


Lewis Carra, 


Jan. 18, 1778. 


Ephraim Kidlen, 


May 13,1777. 


Nicholas Le Clair 


Mar. 24,1778. 


Peter Rosier, 


Mar. 28,1778. 


Mark Le Carra, 


Jan. 18,1778. 


John Dlott, 


Jan. 18,1778. 


Peter David, 


Nov. 1,1778. 


Joseph Fiott, 


Nov. 1, 1778 


John Gillon, 


Unknown. 


Samuel Vickory, 


Unknown. 


Jacob Germon, 


do. 


Elijah Vickory, 


do. 


John Gillard, 


do. 


William Young, 


do. 


Bartholomew Hurley, do. 


John Hamilton, 


do 


John Hooper, 


May 13,1777. 


John Stewart, 


do. 



Names, Rank, Dates of Commissions, and Time of Enlistment of the 
Officers and Privates of Capt. Bernard Romans 1 Pennsylvania Ar- 
tillery, from Feb. 8, 1776, to Nov. 28, 1776, when encamped at Ticon- 



Bernard Romans, Captain. Commissioned February 8, 1776. 

Gibbs Jones, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned February 9, 1776. Promo- 
ted to Captain Nov. 9, 1776, in Major Stevens' corps, N. Y. 

Matthew Whitlow, First-lieutenant. Commissioned February 14, 1776. Re- 
signed May 15, 1776. 

Nathaniel Donnell, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned March 25, 17T6; pro- 
moted May 15, 1776, to First-lieutenant ; promoted Nov. 10, 1776, to Cap- 
tain in Major Stevens' corps. 

Thomas Barr, Third-lieutenant. Commissioned March 28, 1776. Promoted 
to 2d lieutenant May 15, 1776; and ordered on command with Gen. 
Schuyler. 

John Druitt, Third-lieutenant. Commissioned May 15, 1776. Dismissed 
July 30, 1776. 

Andrew Caldwell, Third-lieutenant, Commissioned Nov. 6, 1776. 

John Druitt, Conductor. Appointed March 25, 1776. Promoted to Lieuten- 
ant May 15, 1776. 

Andrew Caldwell, Conductor. Appointed May 15, 1776. Promoted to Lieu- 
tenant November 6, 1776. 

Andrew Foster, Sergeant. Appointed February 9, 1776. 

Benjamin Whitlow, Sergeant. Appointed Feb. 9, 1776. Discharged May 
27, 1776. 

John Melchoir Adam. Sergeant. Appointed Feb. 11, 1776. 

John Martin Ludwick, Sergeant. Appointed Feb. 18, 1776. 

Adam Handell, Sergeant. Appointed May 27, 1777. Reduced to Corporal 
August 24, 1776. 

James Turbett, Sergeant. Appointed August 24, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 179 

Andrew Caldwell, Sergeant. Appointed May 4, 1776. 

Joseph Bufflngham, Corporal. Appointed Feb. 14,1776. Deserted April 5, 1776. 

John Brookins, Corporal. Appointed Feb. 20, 1776. 

Andrew Caldwell, Corporal. Appointed Feb. 20, 1776. Promoted to Ser- 
geant May 4, 1776. 

Adam Handell, Corporal. Appointed Feb. 11, 1776. Promoted to Sergeant 
May 27, 1776. 

George Moore, Corporal. Appointed April 8, 1776. Deserted to the enemy 
June 19, 1776. 

Isaac Collard, Corporal. Appointed May 29, 1776. 

John Chambers, Corporal. Appointed July 7, 1776. Died Aug. 20, 1776. 

James Turbett, Corporal. Appointed July 6, 1776. Promoted to Sergeant 
August 6, 1776. 

James Hooper, Corporal. Appointed Aug. 24, 1776. 

James Hooper, Bombardier. Appointed Feb. 10, 1775. Promoted to Corporal 
Aug. 24, 1776. 

JohnHarman, Bombardier. Appointed Feb. 18,1776. Joined Capt. Don- 
nen's Company Nov. 21, 1776. 

Isaac Collard, Bombardier. Appointed Feb. 19, 1776. Promoted to Corporal 
May 29, 1776. 

James Turbett, Bombardier. Appointed May 15, 1776. Promoted to Corpora 1 
July 6, 1776. 

John Chambers, Bombardier. Appointed March 12, 1776. Promoted to Cor- 
poralJuly 6,1776. 

John Creed, Bombardier. Appointed May 26, 1776. Drummed out July 6, 1776. 

James Wiltsey, Bombardier. Appointed May 29, 1776. Joined Capt. Don- 
nell Nov. 11, 1776. 

Jedediah Lippincott, Bombardier. Appointed August 24, 1776. Sick in 
camp Nov. 28, 1776. 

James Dowliug, Bombardier. Appointed Oct. 1, 1776. 

Phillip Sullivan, Bombardier. Appointed April 8, 1776. Deserted to the 
enemy June 19, 1776. 

James Creed, Gunner. Appointed Feb. 15, 1776. Promoted to Bombardier 
May 26, 1776. 

William Dutton, Gunner. Appointed Feb. 15, 1775. Deserted to the enemy 
June 17, 1776. 

William Stephens, Gunner. Appointed Feb. 18, 1776. 

James Turbett, Gunner. Appointed Feb. 20, 1776. Promoted to Bombardier 
May 15, 1777. 

John Nesselrode, Gunner. Appointed Feb. 20, 1776. Deserted May 20, 1776. 

Ludwick Hoofer, Gunner. Appointed Feb. 20, 1776. 

Paul Hausman, Gunner. Appointed Feb. 22, 1776. Deserted May 20, 1776. 

Eliakim Stoops, Gunner. Appointed March 1, 1776. 

Jedediah Lippincott, Gunner. Appointed March 3, 1776. Advanced to Bom- 
bardier Aug. 24, 1776. 

William Reynolds, Gunner. Appointed March 7, 1776. Deserted April 9, 1776. 

James Dowling, Gunner. Appointed March 26, 1776. Advanced to Bom- 
bardier Oct. 1, 1776. 

Archibald McGinnis, Gunner. Appointed April 17, 1776. 

John Cockle, Gunner. Appointed Oct. 1, 1776. Joined Capt. Donnell Nov. 
11, 1776. 

Patrick McDermott, Gunner. Appointed Oct. 1, 1776. 



180 OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 

William Campbell, Fifer. Appointed April 13, 1776. Deserted April 22, 1776. 
John Spencer, Fifer. Appointed May 12, 1776. Taken away by Col. Maxwell, 

June 30, 1776, 
John Burchell, Drummer. Appointed Feb. 10, 1776. 

James Simpson, Drummer. Appointed March 28, 1776. Deserted April 9, 1776. 
William Loudon, Drummer. Appointed May 11, 1776. Joined Capt. Donnell 

Nov. 11, 1776. 

Matrosses. 
Christopher Bugley, enlisted May 13, 1776. Taken away by Capt. Reese June 

1, 1776. 
Thomas Britt, enlisted March 25, 1776. Deserted April 9, 1776. 
James Campbell, enlisted May 4, 1776. Died Nov. 26, 1776. 
John Carroll, enlisted May 7, 1776. Deserted June 4, 1776. 
John Clark, enlisted May 7, 1776. Deserted June 9, 1776. 
John Cockle, enlisted April 13, 1776. Advanced to Gunner Oct. 1, 1776. 
Baltus Collins, enlisted April 3, 1776. Discharged Sept. 1, 1776. 
Michael Conlon, enlisted Feb. 10, 1776. Killed or captured June 20, 1776. 
John Crone, enlisted March 4, 1776. Discharged Sept. 10, 1776. 
William Debow, enlisted Feb. 20, 1776. Died Nov. 34, 1776. 
John Falkender, enlisted May 4, 1776. Missing June 6, 1776. 
James Farrell, enlisted Feb. 30, 1776. Killed or captured June 30, 1776. 
George Gardiner, enlisted May 4, 1776. 

Richard Gesper, enlisted Feb- 10, 1776. Discharged Oct. 1, 1776. 
John Granger, enlisted May 5, 1779. Joined Capt. Donnell Nov. 18, 1776. 
John Green, enlisted May 4, 1776. Deserted Nov. 13, 1776, but captured by 

Col. Patterson. 
Adam Handell, enlisted August 24, 1776. 
John Harris, enlisted March 3, 1776. Deserted April 5, 1776. 
William Halton, enlisted March 4, 1776. On command at Philadelphia. 
Martin Heindler, enlisted Aprii 3, 1776. Deserted July 30, 1776. 
John Hindman, enlisted May 4, 1776. 
William Hollis, enlisted April 5, 1776. Died May 31, 1776. 
James Hurley, enlisted Feb. 30, 1776. 

Cornelius Keaton, enlisted May 13, 1776. Died Sept. 16, 1776. 
Frank Leland, enlisted May 4, 1776. 

Patrick McDermott, enlisted March 36,1776 Advanced to Gunner Oct. 1, 1776. 
Archibald McGinnis, enlisted Feb. 25 1776. Advanced to Gunner Apr. 18, 1776. 
John McCoy, enlisted Feb. 19, 1776. Joined Capt. Donnell Nov. 11, 1776. 
Michael McNulty, enlisted March 36, 1776. 
Martin Norwich, enlisted April 4, 1776. 

John Philips, enlisted May 36, 1776. Drummed out July 6, 1776. 
Frederick Powell, enlisted April 5, 1776. Discharged Nov. 35, 1776. 
James Powers, enlisted Feb. 15, 1776. 

Abraham Preble, enlisted Feb. 10, 1776. Discharged June 6, 1776. 
Hopkins Rice, enlisted March 34, 1776. Deserted April 32, 1776. 
Hugh Robbins, enlisted May 4, 1776. 

Benjamin Robinson, enlisted May 5, 1776. Deserted June 28, 1776. 
John Rode, enlisted March 25, 1776. Deserted April 22, 1776. 
Daniel Shanlee, enlisted Feb. 16, 1776. Died July 6, 1776. 
Matthew Shipe, enlisted Feb. 25, 1776. 
Robert Smith, enlisted Feb. 20, 1776. 
John Sutherland, enlisted April 25, 1776. Died Sept. 24, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



181 



Nicholas Thomas, enlisted May 4, 1776. 
Henry Welsh, enlisted March 7, 1776. 
George Weymer, enlisted March 26, 177 
Anthony Weaver, enlisted May 4, 1776. 
Martin Yeost, enlisted May 4, 1776. 
Michael Young, enlisted Feb. 19, 1776. 



Deserted April 22, 1776. 



Names, Rank, Date of Commissions, and Time op Enlistment of the 
Officers and Privates of Capt. John Nelson's Company of 
Pennsylvania Riflemen in the Regiment commanded by Col. John 
Philip de Haas, as it stood from Jan. 30 to Nov. 30, 1776. 

John Nelson, Captain. Commissioned January 30, 1776. 

William Oldham, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 30, 1776. 

Adam Ott, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 30, 1776. 

Robert McCullam, Second-Lieutenant. Commissioned January 30, 1776. 
Resigned July 13, 1776. 

Joseph Archer, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned July 12, 1776. 

Richard Price, Sergeant. Appointed February 15, 1776. Died at Fort 
George, October 30, 1776. 

Thomas Hartley, Sergeant. 



Appointed February 7, 1776 



Andrew Smith, do. 


do. 


February 9, 1776. 


Robert McKown, do. 


do. 


February 7, 1776. 


John Carr, do. 


do. 


October 30, 1876. 


Edward Preston, Corporal 


do. 


February 15, 1776. Died Sept. 20, 1776 . 


Joseph Bonner, do. 


do. 


February 22, 1776. 


Jesse Brown, do. 


do. 


February 21, 1776. 


John Fugate, do. 


do. 


February 13, 1776. 


John Carr, Corporal 


Appointed September 31, 1776. Promoted Oc- 






tober 31, 1776, to Sergeant. 


Thos. Nelson, sen., do. 


do. 


October 31, 1776. 




Privates. 


Enlisted. 


Enlisted. 


Francis Bower, Feb. 


19, 1776. 


James Caldwell, Feb. 18, 1776. 


Thomas Bird, Feb. 


38, 1776. 


John Cunningham, Feb. 17, 1776. 


(Deserted May 2, 1776.) 




(Furloughed by Gen. Gates.) 


Robert Brooks, Feb. 


7, 1776. 


John Carr, Feb. 14, 1776. 


(Deserted May 3, 1776.) 




(Promoted Corporal Sept. 21, 1776.) 


Edward Bradley, Mar. 


1, 1776. 


Joseph Collins, Feb. 15, 1776. 


(Sick in hospital.) 




(Deserted Mar. 15, 1776.) 


Barnet Campbell, Feb. 


10, 1776. 


Isaac Coflman, Feb. 9, 1776. 


(Sick in hospital.) 




(Deserted April 1, 1776.) 



182 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Enlisted 
John Cox, Feb. 20, 1776. 

Valentine Clipper, Feb. 21, 1776. 

(Deserted May 2, 1776. 
John Corbett, Feb. 28, 1776. 

(Furloughed by Gen. Gates.) 
William Campbell, Mar. 5, 1776. 
John Carmickle, Mar. 8, 1776. 

Thomas Downey, Feb. 10, 1776. 
Morgau Davis, Feb. 12, 1776. 

Jacob Deal, do. 

Philip Ditch, Mar. 12, 1776. 

John Downey, Mar. 14, 1776. 

Charles Eastley, Feb. 7, 1776. 

(Deserted April 14, 1776.) 
Christian Eversole, Feb. 8, 1776. 
Robert Edmunston, Feb. 19, 1776. 
Nicholas Easter, Mar. 8, 1776. 

(Deserted March 18, 1776.) 
Henry Eakle, Feb. 17, 1776. 

Joseph Fitch, do. 

Samuel Fisher, Feb. 10, 1776. 

(Deserted March 27, 1776.) 
George Flack, Feb. 19, 1776. 

Abraham Forsyth, Mar. 11, 1776. 
Christian Fuller, Feb. 22, 1776. 

John Gowns, Feb. 13, 1776. 

(Deserted May 2, 1776.) 
Andrew Gutting, Mar. 13, 1776. 
Jasper M. Gidley, Feb. 15, 1776. 

(Joined Donnell's Artillery Co. 
Nov. 21, 1776. 
Michael House, Feb. 6, 1776. 

George Harris, Feb. 7, 1776 

Michael Harrigan, Feb. 10, 1776 
Henry Holland, Feb. 11, 1776 

William Hand, Feb. 23, 1776 

William Holt, Mar. 17, 1776 

James Johnson, Feb. 10, 1776 

Samuel Jameson, Mar. 22, 1776, 
William Kirkpatrick, Feb. 17, 1776, 

(Furloughed to Maryland.) 
James Kelly, Feb. 9, 1776. 



Enlisted 
Isaac Lemon, Feb. 19, 1776. 

(Deserted May 6, 1776.) 
William Love, Feb. 23, 1776. 

(Deserted March 12, 1776,) 
Robert Mullady, Feb. 7,1776. 

(Deserted April 2, 1776.) 
Daniel McCulloh, Feb. 9, 1776. 

(Killed at Fort Ann May 29, 1776. ) 
Thomas McGuire, Feb. 12, 1776. 
Daniel McGuire, Feb. 19, 1776. 

Evan Morgan, Mar. 1, 1776. 

Arthur Murphy, Feb. 14, 1776. 

John Mitchell, do. 

(Deserted April 14, 1776.) 
William McManus, Feb. 19, 1776. 
Thomas Nelson, jun., Oct. 25, 1776. 
Andrew Nelson, do. 

Thomas Nelson, sen., Feb. 10, 1776. 

(Promoted to Corp. Oct. 31, 1776.) 
Samuel Nixdorfl, Mar. 7, 1776. 

Abraham On sell, Feb. 10, 1776. 
John O'Brian, Feb. 19, 1776. 

(Deserted May 2, 1776.) 
Emanuel Phyfar, Feb. 16, 1776. 
Tobias Pooder, Feb. 5, 1776. 

Morris Roach, Feb. 12, 1776. 

James Rawlston, Feb. 7, 1776. 
George Renick, Feb. 14, 1776. 

(Deserted March 14, 1776.) 
Thomas Reed, Feb. 20, 1776. . 

John Stonemyer, Feb. 2, 1776. 
Michael Stuckey, Feb. 19, 1776 

(Deserted May 2, 1776.) 
William Smith, Feb. 24,1776. 

John Smith, Feb. 10, 1776. 

(Deserted May 2, 1776.) 
John Sluscer, Mar. 6, 1776. 

(Furloughed by Gen. Gates.) 
George Tingle, Mar. 9, 1776- 

(Deserted April 22, 1776.) 
William Teel, Feb. 12, 1776. 

John Williams, Mar. 14,1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



18:} 



Enlisted. Enlisted. 

James Wallace, Feb. 12, 1776. . John Wolf, Feb. 13, 1776. 

(Acting as butcher at Mount In- Richard Wells, Feb. 26,1776. 

dependence.) I George Trippner, Feb. 21, 1776. 



Names, Rank, Dates of Commissions, and time of Enlistment of the Of- 
ficers of Caft. Samuel Watson's Company, in the Battalion Com- 
manded by Col. Arthur St. Clair and Col. Joseph Wood of Penn- 
sylvania, from Jan. 5, 1776, to Nov. 25, 1776. 

Samuel Watson, Captain. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Died May 21, 
1776. 

Thomas L. L. Moore, Captain. Commissioned May 21, 1776. 

John Chilton, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Resigned Nov. 
11, 1776. 

Henry Epley, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Nov. 11, 1776. 

James Montgomery, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promo- 
ted to First-lieutenant May 21, 1776. 

Benjamin Miller, Ensign. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted to Second- 
lieutenant May 21, 1779. 

James Englis, Ensign. Commissioned Sept. 20, 1776. 

Morris McMahon, Sergeant. Appointed Jan. 26, 1776. Deserted April 10, 
1776. 



James Anderson, 


Sergeant. Appointed Jan. 30, 1776. 


Robert Gibson, 


do. 


dc 


do. 


John Watson, 


do. 


dc 


Feb. 3,1776. Disch'ged Oct. 27, 1776. 


Bates Dorsey, 


do. 


dc 


June 12, 1776. 


Thomas Kelly, 


do; 


dc 


. Oct. 12, 1776. 


John Toy, 


Corporal. 


dc 


Jan. 28, 1776. 


Bates Dorsey, 


do. 


dc 


Feb. 1, 1776. Promoted June 12, 1776. 


William Smith, 


do. 


dc 


Feb. 5, 1776. 


John Steel, 


do. 


do. Feb. 3, 1776. 


Thomas Kelly, 


Corporal. Appointed June 13, 1776. Promoted Oct. 28, 1776. 


William Atchison 


, do. do. 


Sept. 10, 1776. 


Francis Grenades 


Drummer, do. 


March 1, 1776. 






Privates. 




Enlisted. 




Enlisted. 


James Arthur, 


Feb. 2, 1776 




James Applegate, Feb. 6, 1776. 


John Adams, 


Feb. 12,1776. 




(Deserted April 10, 1776.) 


William Adams, 


Feb. 8, 1776. 




John Armour, Jan. 24, 1776. 


Parmer Adams, 


Jan. 24,1776. 




(Missing June 8, 1776.) 


Benjamin Adair, 


Feb. 8, 1776 







184 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Enlisted. 
William Atchison, Feb. 8, 1776. 

(Promoted Sept. 10, 1776.) 
John Buck, Feb. 7, 1776. 

John Battersby, Feb. 13, 1776. 

John Book, Feb. 18, 1776. 

(Deserted April 7, 1776.) 
Daniel Brown, Feb. 6, 1776. 

(Deserted April 8, 1776.) 
Samuel Beatty, Jan. 25, 1776. 

John Claig, Feb. 9, 1776. 

John Clemens, Feb. 5, 1776. 

(Deserted March 39, 1776.) 
John Carr, Feb. 5, 1776. 

(Died Oct. 10, 1776.) 
John Clendennen, Feb. 11, 1776. 
Allen Casada, Jan. 28, 1776. 

James Chart, Feb. 6, 1776. 

William Cannon, Jan. 28, 1776. 

(Died July 11, 1776 ) 
John Cooler, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(Deserted April 8, 1776.) 
John Carmichael, Jan, 22, 1776. 
Michael Dinger, Jan. 31, 1776. 

Griffith Ford, Feb. 15, 1776. 

Daniel Fallon, Feb. 8, 1776. 

John Flesning, Jan. 31, 1776. 

John Ford, Feb. 8, 1776. 

John Forgey, Jan. 22, 1776. 

John Finney, Jan. 26, 1776. 

William Flanagan, Jan. 28, 1776. 

(Deserted April 8, 1776.) 
Thomas Garner, Feb. 6, 1776. 

John Graham, Jan. 20, 1776. 

(Deserted April 6, 1776. 
Archibald George, Feb. 4,1776. 

(Deserted April 6, 1776.) 
Michael Gorman, Mar. 3, 1776. 

Samuel Hunter, Feb. 7, 1776. 

Richard Harper, Feb. 11, 1776. 

(Deserted March 14, 1776.) 
J ohn Hutchinson, Feb. 8, 1776. 



Enlisted. 
Daniel Harley, Feb. 6, 1776. 

(Died Oct. 23, 1776.) 
James Hagerty, Feb. 19, 1776. 

Isaac Harley, Feb. 23, 1776. 

(Deserted March 10, 1776.) 
William Hauey, Feb. 4, 1776. 

(Deserted April 8, 1776.) 
Edward Jennings, Feb. 2, 1776. 
William Imlay, Feb. 1, 1776. 

Thomas Kelly, Feb. 4, 1776. 

(Promoted June 12, 1776.) 
Timothy Kelly, Jan. 29, 1776. 

Joseph Kegan, Feb. 17, 1776. 

Richard Lovett, Feb. 5, 1776. 

(Died July 9, 1776.) 
Thomas Lunny, Jan. 28, 1776. 

John Montgomery, Feb. 17, 1776. 
— Daniel Martin, Feb. 1, 1776. 

Henry Mustard, Feb. 4, 1776. 

Thomas McKean, Feb. 9. 1776. 

Thomas Mcllvaine, Feb. 12, 1776. 
John McCune, Feb. 12, 1776. 

William Marrow, Feb. 13, 1776. 

John Madole, Jan. 28, 1776. 

Joseph Mathews, Feb. 29, 1776. 

(Deserted March 22, 1776.) 
Robert McDonald, Jan. 21, 1776. 

(Discharged Sept. 25, 1776.) 
William Miller. Feb. 8, 1776. 

James McLaughlin, Jan. 22, 1776. 
Daniel O'Brien, Feb. 2, 1776. 

(Deserted April 2, 1776.) 
George Porter, Feb. 3, 1776. 

Henry Pemberton, Jan. 22, 1776. 

(Died Oct. 2, 1776.) 
James Parker, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Discharged Oct. 7, 1776.) 
Edward Price, Jan. 22, 1776. 

(Deserted April 14, 1776.) 
John Quin, Feb. 10. 1776. 

(Missing June 8, 1776.) 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



185 



Enlisted 

James Robinson, Feb. 17, 1776. 
John Reed, do. 

James Reed, Jan. 28, 1776. 

John Rankin, Jan. 25, 1176. 

John Smith, Feb. 8, 1776. 

Christian Smith, Feb. 6,1776. 

William Sheh an, Feb. 12, 1776. 

Matthew Thomson, Feb. 19, 1776. 
Benjamin Thomson, Jan. 31, 1776. 

(Died Oct. 1, 1776.) 

Joseph Worrell, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Deserted April 26, 1776.) 



Enlisted 
John Winslow, Feb. 9, 1776. 

(Deserted March 15, 1776.) 
William Williamson, Feb. 16, 1776. 

(With Dr. McCrae.) 
John Watkins, Feb. 3, 1776. 

(Discharged Sept. 25, 1776.) 
James Workman, Feb. 8, 1770. 

(Deserted April 8, 1776.) 
Jesse Ward, Jan. 22, 1776. 

Samuel Webb, Jan. 23, 1776. 

(Deserted April 8, 1776.) 
Joshua Yeomans, Jan. 22, 1776. 

(At Crown Point.) 



Names, Rank, Date of Commissions, and Time of Enlistment of the 
Officers and Privates of Captain Rudolph Bunner's Company in 
Col. Arthur St. Clair's and Col. Joseph Wood's Pennsylvania 
Battalion, from Jan. 5 to Nov. 25, 1776. 

Rudolph Bunner, Captain. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Promoted to 
Captain Craig's Company, November 11, 1776. 

Samuel Moore, Captain. Commissioned November 11, 1776. 

Thomas Moore, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Promoted 
May 21, 1776. 

James Montgomery, First-lieutenant. Commissioned May 21, 1776. 

John Marshall, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 11, 1776. 

Ezra Bartleson, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Dis- 
charged June 19, 1776. 

George Ross, Ensign. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Resigned July 21, 
1776. 

James Armstrong, Ensign. Commissioned May 21, 1776. Promoted Nov- 
ember 11, 1776. 

Abner Dunn, Ensign. Commissioned November 11, 1776. 

Jacob Pope, Sergeant. Appointed February 11, 1776. Died June 13, 1776. 

Samuel Randecker, Sergeant. Appointed January 20, 1776. Missing at 
Three Rivers, June 8, 1776. 

Henry Knight, Sergeant. Appointed Jan. 18, 1776. 

William Wallace, do. do. Jan. 20, 1776. 

Richard Ellis, Sergeant. Appointed June 13, 1776. 

Lewis Grant, do. do. March 1, 1776. 

Christy Patterson, do. do. June 8, 1776. 



Deserted April 17, 1776. 
Qr. Mr.'s Sergeant. 



Discharged Oct. 1, 1776. 
do. Nov. 23, 1776. 



186 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Thomas Holmes, Sergeant. Appointed April 17, 1776. 



Richard Ellis, Corporal. do. 

Lewis Grant, do. do. 

Matthias Cline, do. do. 

Christo'r Patterson,do. do. 

John Kerr, do. do. 

John Williams, do. do. 

Jacob Thomas, do. do. 

Jacob Clatter, do. do. 

Patrick Fox, do. do. 



Jan. 24, 1776. 
Feb. 36, 1776. 
Feb. 11, 1776. 

do. 
March 7, 1776. 
Oct. 2, 1770. 
June 13, 1776. 
July 1, 1776. 
March 3, 1776. 



Promoted June 13, 177;i. 
do. Mar. 4, 1776. 
Reduced July 1, 1776. 
Promoted June 8, 1776. 



Privates. 



Enlisted. 

Jan. 28, 1776. 

Jan. 30, 1776. 

Feb. 5,1776. 

Feb. 23, 1776. 



Joseph Banks, 
James Barber, 
Martin Bender, 
John Cole, 

(Missing June 8 at Three Rivers.) 
Joseph Crafts, Feb. 15, 1776. 

(Died July 8, 1776.) 
James Curran, Mar. 9, 1776. 

(Missing June 8 at Three Rivers.) 
John Curran, Mar. 9, 1776. 

David Collins, Jan. 26, 1776. 

Jacob Clouts, Feb. 14, 1776. 

(Deserted April 8, 1776.) 
Israel Connolly, Feb. 15, 1776. 

William Colston, Mar. 1, 1776. 

Thomas Currin, do. 

(Missing June 8 at Three Rivers.) 
Matthais Cline, July 1, 1776. 

Feuis Coons, Mar. 1, 1776. 

Owens Claney, do. 

Jacob Clatter, do. 

(Promoted July 1, 1776.) 
William Dixon, Feb. 26, 1776. 

James Ellison, Feb. 16, 1776. 

Andrew Foster, Feb. 20, 1776. 

(Deserted Mar. 11, 1776.) 
James Gorman, Jan. 30, 1776. 

Michael Grouse, Feb. 3. 1776. 

(Discharged Oct. 11, 1776.) 
Lawrence Griffy, Feb. 22, 1776. 



Enlisted. 
Thomas Green, Feb. 13, 1776. 

(Deserted Feb. 18, 1776.) 
David Green, Feb. 12, 1776. 

(Died June 22, 1776.) 
David Gorman, Feb. 12, 1776. 

(Deserted Mar. 8, 1776.) 
Thomas Henderson, Jan. 24, 1776. 

(Missing June 8, 1776.) 
William Harris, Feb. 24, 1776. 

Jacob Hunter, Jan. 31, 1776. 

William Hoofnagle, Feb. 5, 1776. 

(Died July 1, 1776.) 
Josiah Hall, Jan. 30, 1776. 

(Discharged Sept. 28, 1776.) 
Thomas Holmes, Feb. 

(Promoted April 17, 1776.) 
Samuel Hall, Mar. 

Daniel Hannah, Mar. 

(Died June 7, 1776.) 
George Hansel, Mar. 

(Discharged Oct. 16, 1776.) 
Thomas Isburter, Jan. 23, 1776. 

(Missing at Three Rivers June 8.) 
Samuel Ireton, Feb. 14, 1776. 

John Kives, Jan. 23, 1776. 

John Keve, Mar. 7, 1776. 

(Promoted March 7,1776. 
Daniel Kooger, Mar. 7,1778. 

Samuel Mellon, Mar. 23, 1776. 

Thomas Morgan, Mar. 8, 1776. 



1776. 



3, 1776. 
5, 1776. 



1, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



187 



Enlisted 
Mar. 6,1776. 
Jan. 23, 1776. 
Feb. 34, 1776. 
Jan. 29,1776. 
Mar. 1,1776. 



Peter Miller, 
Joshua Morrin, 
Abraham Moyer, 
Thomas McCully, 
John Morris, 

(Missing June 8 at Three Rivers.) 
Joseph Norman, Feb. 15, 1776. 

Richard Nixon, do. 

Thomas Owen, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Discharged Sept. 30, 1776.) 
Peter Polar, Feb. 15, 1776. 

(Deserted April 17, 1776.) 
Jacob Price, Feb. 18, 1776. 

(Deserted Feb. 18, 1776.) 
Francis Quinn, Jan. 25, 1776. 

Nathaniel Richards, Feb. 4, 1776. 
Thomas Roberts, Feb. 16, 1776. 

(Died July 23, 1776.) 
Nicholas Smeal, Jan. 25, 1776. 

Daniel Shuttle, Feb. 7, 1776. 

John Stump, Feb. 1, 1776. 



Enlisted 
George Smyth, Jan. 17,1776. 

(Discharged Oct. 16, 1776.) 
Aaron Smallwood, Mar. 12, 1776. 
Jacob Thomas, Feb, 7,1776. 

(Promoted June 13, 1776.) 
Jonathan Wright, Jan. 25, 1776. 
John Williams, Feb. 2, 1776. 

(Promoted Oct. 2, 1776.) 
Obadiah Wright, Feb. 14,1776. 

(Died July 31, 1776.) 
John White, Jan. 24, 1776. 

(Died July 15,1776.) 

Michael Williams, Feb. 6,1776. 

(Missing June 8 at Three Rivers. 

Elijah Walter, Mar. 9,1776. 

Reuben Wiley, Mar. 1,1776. 

(Died Sept. 21, 1776.) 
Richard Willis, Mar. 1, 1776. 

(Missing June 8 at Three Rivers.) 
John Young, Jan. 33,1776. 



Names, Rank, Dates of Commissions, ani> time of Enlistment of the 

Officers and Privates of Capt. Thomas Craig's Company, Col. St. 

Clair's Pennsylvania Battalion, from Jan. 5 to Nov. 28, 1776. 
Thomas Craig, Captain. Commissioned Jan. 5,1776. Promoted Sept. 7, 1776. 
Rudolph Bunner, Captain. Commissioned Sept. 7, 1776. 
Andrew Kachline, First -lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Discharged 

June 31, 1776. 
Isaac Budd Dunn, First-lieutenant. Commissioned July 4, 1776. 
John Craig, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted Nov. 

11, 1776. 
James Armstrong, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Nov. 11, 1776. 
Thomas Park, Ensign. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Discharged June 30, 1776. 
Abraham Dull, Ensign. Commissioned Oct. 35, 1776. 

Robert Marshall, Sergeant. Appointed Jan. 7, 1776. Discharged July 13, 1776. 
Peter Smith, do. do. Jan. 15, 1776. Promoted Nov. 11, 1776. 

Abraham Horn, do. do. Jan. 5, 1776. 

Abraham Dull, do. do. Jan. 19, 1776. Promoted Oct. 35, 1776. 

Christian Shouse, do. do. July 13, 1776. 



138 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Joan Carey, 



Sergeant. Appointed Oct. 25, 1776. Discharged Nov. 21, 1776. 



John McMichael, 
John Minor, 
George Gangwar, 



do. 
do. 
do. 



do. 
do. 
do. 



Nov. 21, 1776. 
Jan. 13, 1776. 
Jan. 13, 1776. 



11. 



Stephen Fuller, do. 
Christian Shouse, Corporal, 



John Carey, 
Peter Bijil, 
Henry Powelson, 
John McMichael, 
Robert Shearer, 
James Surney, 
Samuel Mow, 



do. 

do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



Anthony Assur, 
John Ackerd, 
John Boyer, 
Adam Branthuver, 
Peter Bowerman, 
Jacob Bijel, 
Alex. Cunningham, 
Batler Crist, 
Josiah Crane, 
Thomas Dobbs, 

(Deserted April 12, 1776) 
Peter Daily, Jan. 10, 1776. 

(Deserted March 17, 1776.) 
Daniel Deyley, Jan. 22, 1776. 

John Davis, Feb. 3, 1776. 

(Missing since the engagement 
at Three Rivers, June 8, 1776.) 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 

Privates 

Enlisted 

Jan. 14,1776. 

Jan. 29, 1776. 

Sept. 1,1776. 

Jan. 13, 1776. 

do. 
Feb. 2, 1776. 
Jan. 15,1776. 
Jan. 8, 1776. 
Jan. 12,1776. 
do. 



Oct. 11, 1776. 
Jan. 15, 1776. 
Jan. 5, 1776. 
Jan. 17, 1776. 
Feb. 10, 1776. 
April 8, 1776. 
April 12, 1776. 
Nov. 21, 1776. 
July 13,1776. 



Drummer. 
Fifer. Reduced Oct 

1776. 
Fifer. 

Promoted July 13, 1776. 
Promoted Oct. 25, 1776. 
Deserted April 8, 1776. 
Deserted April 12, 1776. 
Promoted Nov. 21, 1776 



Evan Evans, 
Jacob Davenspeck. 
David Darling, 
John Docher, 
Leonard Labar, 
Melchir Labar, 
Robert Morey, 
David Minon, 
Lawrence Marr, 
John Marr, 
John Mock, 



Jan. 
Feb. 
Feb. 
Feb. 
Mar. 

Jan, 
Jan 
Jan, 
Jan 



10, 1776. 
17, 1776. 
3. 1776. 
14, 1776. 
12, 1776. 
do. 

19, 1776. 
8, 1776. 
13, 1776. 
22, 1776. 
do. 



Enlisted 
John McMichael, Jan. 27, 1776. 

(Promoted April 8, 1776.) 
Conrad Minges, Jan. 10, 1776. 

Christian Miller, Jan. 8, 1776. 

Samuel Mow, Jan. 8, 1776. 

(Promoted July 13, 1776.) 



Mathias Miller, Mar. 22, 1776. 

Samuel Ney, Jan. 13,1776. 

Leonard Nagle, do. 

Henry Sharer, Jan. 24, 1776. 

Peter Smith, Jan. 10, 1776. 

John Shannon/ Jan. 28. 1776. 

Thomas Shaffer, do. 

Philip Smith, Mar. 6, 1776. 

John Darling, Feb. 3, 1776. 

(Deserted March 12, 1776.) 
Evan Davis, Jan. 7, 1776. 

(Missing since the engagement 
at Three Rivers, June 8, 1776.) 



Peter Fleck, 
Henry Freedly, 
Daniel Foulk, 
Philip Groob, 
Samuel Grimes, 



Jan. 8, 1776. 

do. 
Jan. 17,1776. 
Jan. 24,1776. 
Mar. 13,1776. 



(Missing since the battle at 
Three Rivers, June 8, 1776.) 
George Gangwer, Oct. 4, 1776. 
John Hindman, Jan. 22, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



IS!) 



Frederick Horn, 
John Hubler, 
Leonard Hans, 
Ludwick Hoofman, 
ffm. Hirkie, 
Martin Jost, 
George Huntsman, 
George Kuns. 

(Died Aug. 6, 1776.) 
Michael Kuns, 
Charles King, 

(Deserted March 12, 
Nicholas Kautsman, 
George Phass, 
Jacob Powels, 
Daniel Reyley, 
Thomas Ransey, 



Enlisted. 
Jan. 8, 1776. 
Jan. 17, 1776. 
Jan. 18, 1776. 
Feb. 21, 1776. 
Feb. 28, 1776. 
Jan. 8, 1776. 
Jan. 29, 1776. 
Jan. 13, 1776. 

do. 
Jan. 17, 1776. 
1776.) 

Feb. 10, 1776. 
Feb. 10, 1776. 
Feb. 14, 1776. 
Feb. 18, 1776, 
Jan. 27, 1776. 



Jonathan Richards, 
(Deserted Feb. 25, 17 

Timothy Rogers, 

Abraham Rinker, 

Conrad Reiswick, 

George Stirner, 

Peter Standley, 

David Stinson, 

Robert Shearer, 
(Promoted April 12, 

James Sweeny, 
(Promoted Nov. 21, 

James Thompson, 

Jacob Wise, 

Robert Wilson, 

Faltey Yeisly, 

Stophel Prang, 



Enlisted. 

Feb. 2, 1776. 
76.) 

Jan. 11, 1776. 

Jan. 13, 1776. 

Feb. 2,1776. 

Jan. 13, 1776. 

Jan. 15, 1776. 

Jan. 15, 1776. 

Jan. 31, 1776. 
1776.) 

Feb. 8,1776. 
1776.) 

Jan. 15, 1776. 

Jan. 18, 1776. 

Feb. 26, 1776. 

Jan. 14, 1776, 

Jan. 13, 1776. 



Names, Rank, and Dates of Commissions of the Officers of Capt. 
William Butler's Company of Col. St. Clair's and Col. Wood's 
Pennsylvania Battalion, with a List of the Privates, from Jan- 
uary 5 to November 25, 1776, as they stood at Ticonderoga. 

William Butler, Captain. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted Oct. 7, 1776. 

James Chrystie, Captain. Commissioned November 11, 1776. 

Thomas Butler, First lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

Charles Seitze, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Dropped 
September 20, 1776. 

George McCully, Ensign. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Promoted to 
Lieutenant September 20, 1776. 

Nathan McMilion, Ensign. Commissioned September 20, 1776. 
Sergeants. 



Robert McCully, 
Thomas Jack, 



George McKee, 
Abraham Bennet, 



John Brown, 
Elijah Branch, 



Corporals. 



Privates. 



Hugh McClarren, 
Thomas Carrell. 



John Kelso, 
William Webb. 



John Conner, 
James Calaghan. 



190 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Charles Coil, 
James Craig, 
William Cowley, 
John Carothers, 
Amos Davis, 
Robert Davis, 
Robert Dixon, 
Bryan Doyle, 
William Ewin, 
Robert Futhy, 
George Fleming, 
Henry Fleming, 
James Forbes, 
Andrew Gordan, 
David Hanna, 
James Hamilton, 
John Henry, 
Patrick Heron, 
Hugh Jones, 
Garret Jordan, 
James Kinsey, 
William Kyle, 
James Kenedy, 
John Lindsey, 
Patrick Laferty, 



William Lucas, 
Edward Lear, 
William Martin, jun. 
James McConnel, 
Matthew McCord, 
Thomas McFaddon, 
James McGill, 
Dennis McCarrel, 
William Mathews, 
Dennis Myre, 
John McKenzie, 
William Martin, sen., 
John McMillion, 
Edward Navel, 
William Paterson, 
Jonathan Roberts, 
Isaac Roddy, 
George Rucraft, 
James Sweeny, 
John Sutherland, 
John Slover, 
John Smith, 
Isaac Stimble, 
Robert Varner, 
Samuel Wilson, 



Names, Rank, and Dates of Commissions of the Officers of Capt. 
Stephen Bayard's Company in Col. St, Clair's Pennsylvania Bat- 
talion, with a List of the Privates, from January 5, 1776, to 
November 25, 1776. 

Stephen Bayard, Captain. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

James Chrystie, First-lieutenant. Commisssoned January 5, 1776. 

John Craig, do. do. November 11, 1776. 

Isaac Budd Dunn, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Pro- 
moted July 4, 1776. 

James Black, Ensign. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Promoted July 1, 1776. 



Marshall, do. 


do. 


November 11, 1776. 


s Oates, do. 


do. 


do. 
Sergeants. 


John Shepherd, 






Joseph Points, 


Barney Philips, 






Thomas Boyd. 


Andrew Cosgroo'v 


e, 




Thomas Jones 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



191 



Jolm Maxwell, 

Thomas Boyd, 
Thomas Jones, 
Thomas Wood, 

Patt Allen, 
John Baggs, 
James Burris, 
Benjamin Black, 
Patrick Brown, 
Alex. Campbell, 
William Cox, 
Andrew Cosgrove, 
Robert Coyle, 
John Duffleld, 
William Dougherty, 
Patt Donohoe, 
John Hollis, 
John Holliday, 
Thomas Harkins, 
Patt Johnson, 
Joseph English, 
George Greer, 



Dram and Fife. 

I 

Corporals. 



Privates: 



George Docherty. 



James Barret, 
Patrick Brown. 



Patt Locfeey, 
William Leech, 
Charles McKinley, 
William McClair, 
Daniel McElvoy, 
Thomas Murphy, 
Robert McClennon, 
Andrew McConnell, 
William Martin, 
Connel McFadin, 
Wm. McCracken, 
John Quigg, 
James Ruttledge, 
James Thompson, 
Robert Wiley, 
Aaron Work, 
John Weary. 



Names, Rank, and Dates of Commissions of the Officers of Captain 
John Brisban's Company, Col. St. Clair's Pennsylvania Battal- 
ion, with a List of the Privates, from January 5 to November 
25, 1776. 

John Brisban, Captain. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Furloughed by 
Gen. Gates from November 25, 1776. 

John Gross, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

Charles Seitze, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

William Chambers, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Re- 
signed July 5, 1776. 

John Evans, Ensign. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Died June 20, 1776. 

George Boss, do. do. July 4, 1TT6. 

Sergeants. 
Joseph Gournie, Daniel Bloom, 

James Hagan, Joseph Biggs. 



192 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



William Carman, 
Evan Evans, 

Joseph Hall, 



Corporals. 



Brum and Fife 

I 

Privates. 



Thomas Allen, 

Samuel Blair, 

Jacob Bayard, 

Robert Bayley, 

John Boyd, 

Edward Cummings, 

John Craiger, 

George Campbell, 

Frederick Dearaer, 

James Dority, 

Charles Ferguson. 

James Gwinn, 

Dominick Hand, 

Abraham Henry, 

John Hogan, 

Thomas Jones, 
Henry McLaughlin, 
Christopher Hannon, 
Neal McKenzie, 
Alex. McGugan, 
Constant McMagan, 
John Holmes, 



William Peacock, 
Ulrich Whitman. 

Charles Haney. 

James Montgomery, 
Patrick Mc Anally, 
James McPick, 
John McGill, 
Barnabas McMagan, 
Adam Moore, 
James McCormick, 
John Ogan, 
John Oxford, 
Christian Pemperton, 
James Ross, 
Patrick Rodgers, 
Hugh Reed, 
Richard Short, 
Robert Stewart, 
Hugh Shannon, 
Ludwig Shortley, 
Lawrence Sloan, 
John Sloan, 
James Stewart, 
William Ulit, 
Adam Wilhelm. 



Names, Rank, and Dates of Commissions op the Officers of Capt. 

John Rbese's Company of Col. Wood's Pennsylvania Battalion. 

with a List of the Privates from Jan. 5 to Nov. 25, 1776. 
John Reese, Captain. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Recruiting from Nov. 25, 

1776. 
Samuel Moore, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted 

Captain Nov. 11, 1776. 
Ross Currie, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Captured by the 

enemy June 8, 1776, at Three Rivers. 
Daniel St. Clair, Ensign. Commissioned Sept. 20, 1776. On recruiting service. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



19:; 



Henry Eppile, Ensign. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted Lieutenant 

Nov. 11, 1776. 
George Hoffner, Ensign. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1779. Promoted Second- 
lieutenant Nov. 11, 1776. 
Mordecai Davis, Ensign. Commissioned Jan. 
Sergeants. 
Samuel Coulter, | 

David Filson, 



5, 1776. Died Aug. 13, 17 



Methusalah Davis. 
Adam Hamilton. 



Michael Waite, 
Thomas Meredith, 

James Alexander, 
James Baggs, 
Christopher Buckle, 
Abraham Couldren, 
Hugh Divinney, 
Jacob Drumheller, 
Edward Edwards, 
Hugh Edwards, 
George Forguer, 
John Faulkner, 
Benjamin Gilmore, 
William Gallaher, 
Daniel Gallaher, 
Enos Graham, 
George Gardner, 
John Hull, 
Patrick Hand, 
John Jordan. 



Corporals. 



Privates. 



Andrew Moore, 
Michael McMillian. 

John Johnson, 
James Johnson, 
Mordecai James, 
William Marr, 
Thomas McClosky, 
John McManors, 
Abraham Nunn, 
William Otty, 
Isaac Pearsel, 
John Reese, 
William Ramage, 
William Ramsey, 
James Robinson, 
George Sanxton, 
Jonathan Scott, 
George Scott, 
Philip Sheer, 
Thomas Williams. 



Names, Rank, and Dates of Commissions of the Officers of Capt. John 
Hcling's Company, of Col. St. Clair's Pennsylvania Battalion, 
with a List of the Privates from Jan. 5 to Nov. 25, 1776. 

John Huling, Captain. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Furloughed from Oct., 
1776, by Gen. Gates. 

William Bird, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Captured Iby 
the enemy at Three Rivers, June 8, 1776. 

William Craig, Ensign. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted [Second- 
lieutenent July 4, 1776. 



194 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Ross Currie, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted 

Nov. 11, 1776. 
George Haflner, Ensign. Commissioned July 4, 1776. Promoted Nov. 11, 1776. 
Sergeants. 



John Young, 
Frederick Funk, 



Joseph Riddle, 
Allen Nixon, 



James Lowes, 
Barney Ferrill. 



Corporals. 



Frederick Almond, 
Philip Albright, 
Moses Baldwin, 
William Black, 
Abraham Cooper, 
James Crookshank 
Nathaniel Dickey, 
Peter Daniel, 
Mathias Dair, 
John Evans, 
Michael Fagan, 
John Fair, 
Joseph Gabel, 
John Gorley, 
John Goodman, 
John Hide, 
John Husick, 



John Gordon, 
Neal Anderson. 
James Mitchell, Drummer. 
Privates. 

Jacob Koch, 
Michael Kail, 
Paul Larkin, 



Hugh McCardel, 
Edward McKee, 
John Randal, 
Peter Reese, 
Michael Reed, 
Henry Rork, 
Robert Bennet, 
Henry Shoup, 
Peter Stone, 
Peter Servey, 
John Steel, 

Christopher Stoutsman, 
Herman Sundock, 
Peter Walburn. 



Names, Rank, and Dates of Commissions of the Officers of Capt. 
Thomas Robinson's Company, of Col. Anthony Wayne's Pennsyl- 
vania Battalion, with a List of the Privates from Jan. 5 to Nov 

26, 1776, AS IT STOOD AT TlCONDEROGA. 

Thomas Robinson, Captain. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Sick in Pennsyl- 
vania. 

John Christy, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. 

William Moulder, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1770. Resigned 
Oct. 1, 1776. 

.lob Vernon, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Oct. 1, 1776. 

Thomas Wallace, Ensign. Commissioned Jan. 5,1776. Resigned Oct. 1, 1776. 

George North, Ensign. Commissioned Oct. 1, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 

Sergeants. 

Thomas Merchant, Joseph Gray, 

James Grubb, Mathias Amos. 

David Valleau, killed or captured at Three Rivers, June 8, 15 



195 



Corporals. 



Richard Mathews, 
Robert Anderson, 



Samuel Miller, 
John Murdock. 



Drum and Fife. 
George Moll, I William Stone. 

Privates. 



George Bullock, 
George Bowin. 
Daniel Burns, 
Joseph Bryant, 
Christopher Bench, 
William Crane, 
Samuel Casky, 
Abraham Chapman, 
Richard Carridon, 
James Deveny, 
John Deveny, 
Isaac Dawson, 
Jeremiah Dawson, 
Casper Driver, 
Samuel Dickson, 
John Dunn, 
Jacob Dill, 
William Davice, 
George Eaton, 
Humphrey Edmondson, 
Alexander Finley, 
Patrick Green, 
Thomas Glenn, 
Edward Gobbans, 
John Hill, 
Nathan Horner, 
Thomas James, 
Timothy Kerley, 



James Lord, 
Amos Longfellow, 
William Lynch, 
William Lammy, 
John Loughrey, 
Nathan Motts, 
John Moder, 
John Moore, 
Morgan McCafferty, 
Benjamin McMurray, 
John Mathers, 
Joseph Mc Bride, 
George Nox, 
Jonathan Phips, 
Robert Owens, 
William Russell, 
Thomas Riely, 
Peter Senear, 
John Tanyard, 
John Talbott, 
Richard Statton, 
Benjamin Smith, 
John Tagert, 
John Wilson, 
Robert Webb, 
James Williams, 
Benjamin Webb. 



196 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Names, Rank, and Dates op Commissions of the Officers of Captain 
Thomas Church's Company, of Col. "Wayne's Pennsylvania Bat- 
talion, with a List of the Privates, from January 5, to Novem- 
ber, 26, 1776. 

Thomas Church, Captain. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

James R. Reid, First-lieutenant. do. do. 

Charles C. Beatty, Second-lieutenant, do. do. 

Job Vernon, Ensign. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Promoted to Lieu- 
tenant in Captain Robinson's Company, October 1, 1776. 

Alexander Martin, Ensign. Commissioned October 1, 1776, 



William Bigham, 
Robert Low, 

Peter Fennakel, 
Jacob Moyer, 

Adam Kibler, 

Peter Bitting, 
Jacob Brindle, 
Laban Boger, 
Henry Barnhart, 
Jarvis Burford, 
John Brufly, 
George Beavar, 
John Bigham, 
Henry Craig, 
Henry Crips, 
Jacob Consil, 
Patrick Conner, 
Christian Coplin, 
John Craig, 
William Delany, 
Jacob Derr, 
John Dieter, 
Malchom Forrest, 
John Gibson, . 
John Gilliland, 
Gotleib Hoffman, 



Sergeants. 



Corporals. 



Samuel Widner, 
John McMakan. 



Thomas Bigham, 
Everhart Ferrihan. 



Drum and Fife. 



Privates. 



Charles Leonard, 

Thomas Heffernan, 
Edward Hagan, 
Timothy Nowland, 
Connell Kenedy, 
Richard Kelly, 
William Kerr. 
John Lankister, 
John Little, 
Michael McCorthy 
Benjamin Michael, 
Robert Mclntire, 
Michael McGee, 
James McKinley, 
John McKinley, 
Daniel McLeroy, 
William McGahey, 
Archibald McNeil, 
Andrew McFarran, 
William Morrow, 
Thomas Mclntiney, 
Charles McGahan, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



197 



Robert McDonal, 
Robert Martin, 
James McGinnes, 
John McCreary, 
Joseph Neal, 
John Nickle, 
Robert Neal, 
Benjamin Pack, 
Henry Pensinger, 
John Reyney, 
William Ray, 
Henry Sharlack, 



John Smith, 
George Seeds, 
Charles Semple, 
Robert Shepard, 
James Smith, 
Thomas Sharp, 
Robert Wood, 
James Woods, 
Robert Wright, 
Samuel Whitman, 
John Wooleber, 
John Williamson. 



Names, Rank, and Dates of Commissions of the Officers of Captain 
John Lacey's Company of Colonel Wayne's Pennsylvania Battalion, 
with a List of the Privates, from January 5, to November 1, 1776. 

John Lacey, Captain. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

Samuel Smith, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

Michael Ryan, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

John Bartley, Ensign. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted Oct. 1, 1776. 

James Forbes, Ensign. Commissioned October 1, 1776. 

Sergeants. 



William Hood, 
Andrew Oliphant, 



Stafford Graham, 
John Peter, 



John McCowen, 



Jacob Anderson, 
James Anderson, 
James Agnew, 
Moses Alkson, 
John Bodenham, 
William Camagy, 
James Cummings, 
Thomas Corbett, 



William Randle, 
Samuel Elliot. 



Corporals. 



John Bailey, 
Samuel Morris. 



Drum and Fife. 

I 

Privates. 



David Palmer. 

Henry Clotter, 
Arthur McCrea, 
Anthony McClellan, 
Abednego Davis, 
Thomas Dickinson, 
Samuel Fegan, 
John Gibson, 
Thomas Gordon, 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Samuel Hare, 
Peter Jones, 
Francis Kelly, 
Robert Lawrence, 
Aaron Lockard, 
Robert Leason, 
John Laschom, 
John May, 
Daniel Millhufl, 
Thomas Maloy, 
John May. 
Torrence McManes, 
Isaac Meason, 
Richard Moore, 
Robert McGaudy, 
John Noble, 
Samuel Nief, 
David Nelson, 
Nicholas Redin, 



Robert Redman, 
John Randle, 
George Sawyers, 
Thomas Service, 
Benjamin Stagg, 
George Saville, 
John Smith, 
Zecheus Smith, 
William Steel, 
Jeremiah Sullivan, 
Thomas Thompson, 
James Thomas, 
James Weady, 
William Welch, 
Philip Williams, 
David Wesner, 
Charles Wallington, 
Moses Whalen, 
John Sidders. 



Names, Rank, Dates of Commissions, and Time of Enlistment of the 
Officers and Privates of Captain Persifor Frazer's Company of 
Col. Wayne's Pennsylvania Battalion, from January 5 to, Novem- 
ber 26, 1776. 

Persifor Frazer, Captain. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted Sept. 24, 
1776. 

Joseph Potts, Captain. Commissioned October 12, 1776. 

Benjamin Bartholomew, Captain. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

Isaac Seely, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

Levi Griffith, Ensign. Commissioned January 6, 1776. 

Sergeants. 
Appointed. 
Jan. 10, 1776. 
Jan. 22, 1776. 



Edward Buckley, 
Daniel Harris, 



Appointed. 
Jan. 30, 1776. 
Feb. 2,1776. 



Joshua Davis, 

(Drowned Aug. 1, 1776.) 
Evan James, Feb. 7, 1776. 



William McGee, 
Edward Verner, 

Corporals. 

Appointed. Appointed. 

Jan. 19, 1776. James Long, Feb. 2, 1776. 

John Taylor, Jan. 19, 1776. 

Abram Wood, Aug. 1, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



199 



Drummers. 

Appointed. 
Abraham Butler, Jan. 21, 1776. 

(Discharged April 19, 1776.) 
John McCarter, April 19, 1776. 

(Returned to ranks July 1, 1776.) 



Appointed. 
1, 1776. 



James Adams, Feb. 

(Deserted July 10, 1776.) 
George Atkinson, Jan. 
Joseph Becket, 
Philip Bolton, 
James Berry, 
Thomas Burns, 
J ohn Boyles, 
Alexander Boggs, 
John Bartholomew, Feb. 
(Deserted July 10, 1776.) 
Philip Bostol, Jan. 

John Blackwood, Mar. 
Patrick Conner, Feb. 
Lawrence Connolly, Feb. 
Thomas Cloward, Feb. 

(Died Feb. 15, 1776.) 
Patrick Carroll, Jan. 
William Cruddicks, Feb. 
(Deserted Mar. 12, 1776.) 
John Corry, Feb. 

William Cane, Feb. 

John Cligner, Mar. 

(Deserted May 1, 1776.) 
Charles Calhoun, April 29, 1776. 

(Died Nov. 20, 1776.) 
James Dailey, Feb. 27, 1776. 

John Dobbins, April 3, 1776. 

(Deserted May 1, 1776.) 
Paul Ellis, Jan. 23, 1776. 

Thomas Guln, Feb. 4, 1776. 

John Harvey, Feb. 15, 1776. 

George Herbster, May 9, 1776. 
(Deserted July 10, 1736.) 



Robert Mclntire, July 

(Died Nov. 1, 1776.) 
Abram Muskall, Nov. 1, 1776. 
William Kline,Fifer, Jan. 22,1776. 

Privates. 

Enlisted. 
David Harris, Jan. 22, 1776. 

(Discharged April 19, 1776.) 
17, 1776. John Harrington, Jan. 16, 1776. 

April 8, 1776. James Innis, Feb. 7, 1776, 

April 6, 1776. John Ingram, Feb. 1, 1776. 

Feb. 17, 1776. (Discharged May 1, 1776.) 

Jan. 30, 1776. Thomas Junkin, Jan. 22, 1776. 

Feb. 28, 1776. (Discharged April 19, 1776.) 

Jan. 22, 1776. Francis Jones, Jan. 21, 1776. 

19, 1776. (Discharged April 20, 1776.) 

Patrick Joyce, Mar. 21, 1776. 

Jacob Kirrigan, Feb. 1, 1776 

(Discharged April 1, 1776.) 
Peter King, Jan. 

Caleb Kenedy, Jan. 

(Died Jan. 18, 1776.) 
Timothy Kelly, Jan. 

Christopher Kelly, Jan. 
Patrick Lynn, Feb. 

William Lyons, Jan. 

John McCulloh, Feb. 

Joseph McCormick, Jan. 
Zebulon Morland, Feb. 

(Claimed by Col. Maxwell.) 
William McGuire, Jan. 25, 1776. 
Charles McGarrel, Jan. 31, 1776. 
John McCarter, Feb. 8, 1776. 

(Promoted to Drummer April 19. :> 
James McDonald, Jan. 16, 1776. 
„ Patrick Martin, Jan. 25, 1776. 
Robert Mercer, do. 

Samuel McCully, Feb. 8, 1776. 
Hugh McLaughlin, Feb. 3, 1776. 
John Murtland, Feb. 1, 1776. 



14, 1776. 

15, 1776. 
7, 1776. 

20, 1776. 
10, 1776. 
17, 1776. 



16, 


1776. 


10, 


1776. 


25, 


1776. 


21. 


1776. 


24, 


1776. 


31, 


1776, 


5, 


1776. 


27 


1776. 


3 


1776. 



200 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Enlisted. 


Enlisted. 


John Miller, Feb. 


1, 


1776. 


Michael Smith, Jan. 18, 1776. 


(A servant, discharged.) 






John Steward, Mar. 19, 1776. 


.7osb.ua Matin, Jan. 


23, 


1776. 


Daniel Swiney, April 1, 1776. 


(Discharged May 1, 1776.) 






(Deserted Oct. 10, 1776.) 


Samuel McGowen, April 


29, 


2776. 


John McCarter, July 1, 1776. 


John McLaughlin, April 


22, 


1776. 


Robert Mclntire, do. 


Peter McDonald, Feb. 


8, 


1776. 


William Toland, Feb. 2, 1776. 


(A servant, discharged.) 






(Died Sept. 26, 1776.) 


William Nelson, Jan. 


31, 


1776. 


John Tanner, Jan. 19, 1776. 


(Died Nov. 18, 1776.) 






William Trego, Jan. 29, 1776. 


JohnNuby, Feb. 


15, 


1776. 


(Confined, and left with General 


J oseph Norman, Mar. 


21, 


1776. 


Washington's army.) 


Thomas Owen, Jan. 


31, 


1776. 


David Thomas, April 17, 1776. 


William O'Neal, Jan. 


16, 


1776. 


John Watson, Feb. 4, 1776. 


(Discharged April 19, 177 


5.) 




(Deserted July 10, 1776.) 


Peter O'Brien, May 


9, 


1776. 


Alexander Wright, Jan. 16, 1776. 


(Deserted July 10, 17^6.) 






(Deserted July 1, 1776.) 


John Parker, Jan. 


29, 


1776. 


John Wilson, Feb. 1, 1776. 


David Powell, Jan. 


26, 


1776. 


John Wolf, Jan. 26, 1776. 


Samuel Pedrick, April 


6, 


1776. 


Abraham Wood, April 6, 1776. 


( Deserted May 1, 1776.) 






(Promoted Aug. 1, 1776.) 


William Rowls, Jan. 


30, 


1776. 


James Young, April 13, 1776. 


Hezekiah Ragg, Jan. 


16, 


1776. 


(Deserted July 11, 1776.) 


John Ramsey, Mar. 


25, 


1776. 


John Young, April 22, 1776. 


Tobias Shields, Jan. 


21, 


1776. 


(Deserted May 1, 1776.) 


Samuel Smiley, Jan. 


19, 


1776. 


John Walker, July 1, 1776. 



Names, Rank, Dates of Commissions, and time of Enlistment of the 
Officers and Privates of Capt. James Taylor's Company, of Col. 
Wayne's Pennsylvania Battalion, from Jan. 5 to Nov. 26, 1776. 

James Taylor, Captain. Commissioned January 5, i776. 

Michael Kimmel, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

Thomas Boude, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

Ezekiel Letts, Ensign. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Resigned Oct. 11, 1776. 

John Harper, Ensign. Commissioned October 12, 1776. 
Sergeants. 



Francis Ruth, 
James McCullock, 
Robert Anderson, 



Appointed. 
Jan. 20, 1776. 
Jan. 27, 1776. 
Jan. 27, 1776. 



Appointed. 
John Lindsey, Jan. 27, 1776. 

(Deserted July 1, 1776.) 
Joseph Siinjral, July 2, 1776. 



OP THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



Corporals 

Appointed. 
Alexander McHatton, Jan. 27, 1776 
Nathaniel McGill, Jan. 26, 1776. 

Drummers 
Elias Peters, Jan. 30, 1776 

(Reduced to ranks June 25.) 
John Connolly, June 25, 1776. 

Privates 
Enlisted. 



Robert Ross, 
Samuel Giffen, 



Appointed. 
Mar. 1, 1776. 
Feb. 10, 1776. 



James Anderson, 


Feb. 


1. 1776. 


Humphrey Andrews 


, Jan. 


26, 1776. 


David Armstrong, 


Feb. 


10, 1776. 


(Deserted July 1, 1 


776 ) 




Michael Arthur, 


Jan. 


30, 1776. 


Thomas Baxter, 


Feb. 


1, 1776. 


Thomas Benderman, Jan. 


29, 1776. 


Zecharias Boyce, 


Jan. 


30, 1776. 


John Bowman, 


Jan. 


22, 1776. 


James Britain, 


Feb. 


1, 1776. 


Alexander Brown, 


Feb. 


14, 1776. 


Samuel Carson, 


Jan. 


25, 1776. 


James Coffleld 


Feb. 


7, 1776. 


John Connolly, 


Mar. 


12, 1776, 


(Promoted Drummer, June 25.) 


James Conner, 


Feb. 


• 8,1776. 


(Died Oct. 24, 1776.) 






James Cornelius, 


Jan. 


25, 1776. 


John Cornelius, 


Jan. 


12, 1776. 


Kerry Copland, 


Mar. 


1, 1776. 


John Dalley, 


Feb. 


1, 1776. 


James Da^, 


Jan. 


30, 1776. 


William Davidson, 


Mar. 


23, 1776. 


Daniel Denjel, 


Feb. 


5, 1776. 


Cornelius Devinny, 


Jan. 


31, 1776. 


Joseph Dew, 


Feb. 


7, 1776. 


John Dieflenderffer, 


Jan. 


30, 1776. 


John Dobbins, 


Feb. 


3. 1776. 


Robert Dobbins, 


Jan. 


25, 1776. 


Dennis Dougherty, 


Feb. 


7. 1776. 



John Dunn, 
James Dysart, 



Feb. 
Jan. 



1, 1776. 
27, 1776. 



James Graham, Jan. 29, 1776. 

(De,ad Gen. Hospital.) 



'Enlisted. 



Evan Evans, Feb. 7, 1776. 

(Deserted Feb. 19, 1776.) 
John Fisler, Jan. 31, 1776. 

(Deserted Feb. 19, 1776.) 
John Fitzgerald, P*b. 5, 1776. 

(Deserted July 5, 1776.) 
William Fleming, Jan. 31, 1776. 
William Gibson, Jan. 27, 1776. 

Ryncer Gibbert, Jan. 12,1776. 

John Gilbreth, Jan. 29,1776, 

(Deserted June 29, 1776,) 
PaulGilmore, Jan. 29,1776. 

Thomas Gould, Jan. 27, 1776. 

Thomas Griffith, Feb. 6, 1776. 

Christian Grim, do. 

Christian Hague, Feb. 10, 1776. 

(Deserted Feb. 19, 1776.) 
David Hailey, Jan. 

Charles Hanagan, Jan, 
David Hayes, Feb 

(Died Nov. 20, 1776.) 



29, 1776. 
30, 1776 
10, 1776. 

26, 1776. 
4, 1776. 
29, 1776. 
31, 1776. 
13, 1776. 



Samuel Hughes, Mar. 

John Jones, Feb. 

Thomas Kelly, Jan. 

William Leadly, Jan. 

James Letts, Jan. 

John Logan, Jan. 29, 1776. 

(Deserted Feb. 18, 1776.) 

Joseph Mashman, Feb. 3, 1776. 

Jacob Mayer, Feb. 5, 1776. 

Jacob Miller, Feb. 4, 1776 

Michael Miller, Feb. 6, 1776. 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



William Morgan, 
Richard Morris, 
William McAy, 
Thomas McCallian, 
John McCann, 
William McClusky, 
Joseph McConnell, 



Enlisted. 
April 10, 1776. 
Feb. 1, 1776. 
Jan. 25,1776. 
Jan. 25,1776. 
Jari. 20,1776. 
Jan. 29, 1776. 
Feb. 1, 1776. 



William McConnell, Jan. 25, 1776. 

George McCord, 

John McCowan, 

Malcom McDonald 

William McDonald 

John McKinney, 

John McClelland, 

Samuel McMurray, 

Daniel McNeal, 

Robert McPike, 

Alexander Nelson, 

Felix O'Neal, 

Arthur Patterson, 

Elias Peters, 

Michael Phink, 

Francis Porter, 

Patrick Riley, 

(Discharged at Fort George.) 
James Richardson, Jan. 24, 1776 



Feb. 1, 1776. 
Jan. 24,1776. 
Feb. 1, 1776. 
Jan. 23,1776. 
Jan. 30,1776. 
Jan. 28,1776. 
Mar. 13,1776. 
Feb. 1, 1776 
5, 1776. 

24, 1776. 
4, 1776. 

25, 1776. 
June 25,1776. 
Feb. 6, 1776. 

do. 
Jan. 31,1776. 



Feb. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 



James Ridings, 
William Rogan, 
John Ross, 
John Rudicil, 

(Deserted Jan. 9, 1776.) 
Thomas Scott, Jan 

(Deserted Feb. 20, 1776.) 
Christopher Sipe, Feb 
Archibald Shanks, Feb 
John Sharp, 
Mathew Simpson, 

(Deserted Feb. 2( 
Andrew Sinnet, 
Joseph Simeral, 



Enlisted. 




Feb. 


6,17 


76 


Jan. 


30, 1776. 


Jan. 


25, 1776. 


Feb. 


10,17 


76. 



Jan. 
Feb. 
, 1776.) 
Jan. 
Jan. 



28, 1776. 

6, 1776. 
12, 1776. 
25, 1776. 
16, 1776. 

30, 1776. 
25, 1776. 



(Promoted Sergeant, July 2.) 

John Spear, Feb. 1, 1776. 

Walter St. John, Feb. 3, 1776. 

Leonard Stone, Jan. 30, 1776. 

(Deserted Feb. 20, 1776.) 

Francis Taylor, Jan. 29, 1776. 

Samuel Vogan, Feb. 1, 1776. 

John Watson, Mar. 20, 1776. 

Andrew Wilson, Jan. 29, 1776. 

John Welt, Feb. 10, 1776. 

(Deserted Feb. 19, 1776.) 

Michael Wise, Feb. 5, 1776. 



Names, Rank, and Dates of Commissions, of the Field, Staff, and 
other Officers of Colonbl William Irvine's Pennsylvania Regi- 
ment, with a List of the Privates, as it stood at Mount 
Independence, November 28, 1776. 

William Irvine, Colonel. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Captured by 
British troops under General Frazer, June 8, 1776, at Three Rivers, about 
fbrty-flve miles down the St. Lawrence from the mouth of Sorel River. 
General Thompson, Colonel Irvine, and about two hundred men were 
captured here, and about twenty-five slain, by the enemy. 

Thomas Hartley, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 

James Dunlap, Major. Commissioned January 10, 1776. 

David Greer, Major. Commissioned June 1, 1776. 

John Brooks, Adjutant and Lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



Robert Johnson, Surgeon. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 

John McDowl, Surgeon's Mate and Lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 9, 1776. 

James Calderwood, Quartermaster. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Pro- 
moted to Lieutenant on board the Fleet, August 1, 1776. 

William Nichols, Quartermaster. Commissioned August 1, 1776. Resigned 
November 17, 1776. 

Robert Hopes, Quartermaster. Commissioned November 17, 1776, by order 
of General Gates. 

Company No. 1. 

Samuel Hay, Captain. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 

John Grier, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Taken prison - 
er July 24, 1776. 

Alexander Parker, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Pro- 
moted June 1, 1776. 

Samuel Montgomery, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned June 1, 1776. 

William Miller, Ensign. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 
Sergeants. 



Apppointed . 
John Hughes, Jan. 29, 1776. 

(Promoted June 24.) 
John Faucet, Jan. 17, 1776. 

(Captured at Three Rivers June 
8, 1776.) 



John Hanna, 


Jan. 25, 1776. 


Ezekiel Sample, 


do. 


Francis ftowdin, 


do. 


(Reduced July 24.) 




Drun 


John Drumond, 


Jan. 20, 1776. 


John Henry, 


Jan. 15, 1776. 




Priv 




Enlisted. 


John Butcher, 


Jan. 25, 1776. 


Andrew Byers, 


Jan. 31, 1776. 


(Captured June 8, 


1776.) 


John Boyle, 


Feb. I, 1776. 


(Taken on board the fleet, Oct. 15, 


1776.) 




William Brimigin, 


Feb. 5, 1776. 


Patrick Bolden, 


Jan. 25, 1776 



Appointed. 
John Foster, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(Captured at Three Rivers, June8.\ 
John Parker, Jan. 23, 1776. 

William Boyd, June 24, 1776. 

(Taken prisoner July 24, 1776.) 
Corporals. 

William Boyd, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Prom, to Serg't June 24, 1776.) 
William Bramer, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(July 24, 1776.) 
ers. 
Elias Mewnham, Fifer, 

Feb. 20, 1776. 



Robert Brown, Feb. 

Abram Boyd, Feb. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
Samuel Barclay, Jan. 
William Bamer, Jan. 

(Promoted July 24, 1776 ) 
Darby Bannon, Feb. 

William Batson, Jan. 



21, 177»». 
2, 1770. 



30, 1776. 
25, 1776. 



15, 1776. 
5, 1776. 



204 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Enlisted. 
George Butler, Feb. 20, 1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776 ) 
William Blair, Feb. 28, 1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776 ) 
Samuel Cochran, Feb. 12, 1776. 

(Promoted June 9, 1776, to Ser- 
geant, but sick.) 
Charles Carlton, Mar. 1, 1776. 
James Cochran, Mar. 8, 1776. 

(Killed at Three Rivers June 8,'76) 
Robert Cunningham, Jan. 23, 1776. 
Patrick Demsey, Jan. 25, 1776. 
Thomas Dyas, Jan. 26, 1776. 

John Dunwoody, Jan. 27, 1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
Edward Davison, Jan. 30, 1776. 
Henry Freet, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(Wounded.) 
J John Flaverty, Jan. 28, 1776. 

Abel Forsyth, Jan. 31, 1776. 

Robert Forsyth, Jan. 26, 1776. 

(Deserted May 1,1776.) 
Arthur French, Jan. 30, 1776. 

James Graham, 1st, Jan. 26, 1776. 
James Graham, 2nd, Feb. 27, 1776. 
Timothy Harly, Jan. 31, 1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
Robert Hughes, Jan. 27, 1776. 
John Hastings, Jan. 31, 1776. 

Robert Hamilton, Feb. 23, 1776. 
William Holliday, Jan. 29, 1776. 

(Captured July 24, 1776.) 
Thomas Hanon, Jan. 28, 1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
John Jamison, Feb. 10, 1776. 

(Deserted April 3, 1776.) 
James Reams, Jan. 31, 1776. 

Archibald Kennedy, Jan. 28, 1776. 

(Sergeant Since Aug. 1.) 
Michael Kerr, Jan. 27, 1776. 

(Deserted Feb. 28, 1776.) 



Enlisted. 
William Leech, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Died Nov. 24, 1776.) 
Samuel Lowrey, Feb. 28, 1776. 
Edward Murphy, Feb. 1, 1776. 
Thomas Means, Jan. 25, 1776. 

Alex. Mairs, Feb. 1, 1776. 

Edward McMullan, Feb. 15, 1776. 
James Mitchell, Jan. 25, 1776. 

John McMichael, Feb. 3, 1776. 
William Mclntyre, Feb. 6, 1776. 
Adam Martin, Feb. 12, 1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
Hugh McMillan, Feb. 21, 1776. 

James Mulloy, Feb. 10, 1776. 

Charles McConnell, Jan. 26, 1776. 
William McCoy, do. 

James McCormick, Feb. 5, 1776. 

(Deserted Nov. 15, 1776.) 
William McQuown, Jan. 17, 1776. 

(Appointed Sergeant, June 10. 
Captured July 24, 1776.) 
Patrick McCormick, Feb 20, 1776. 
James McClaine, Feb. 1, 1776. 
Ruday McCoy, Feb. 4, 1776. 

Patrick McGalls, Feb. 20, 1776. 

(Died at Carlisle, AprS 1, 1776.) 
Daniel McGlaughlin, Feb. 1, 1776. 
William McKee, Feb. 27, 1776. 
William McKinley, Feb. 20, 1776. 
William McDonald, do. 

(Killed at Three Rivers June 8.) 
Thomas Nelson, Jan. 23, 1776. 

(Captured at Three Rivers June 8.) 
Robert Neal, Jan. 29, 1776. 

Robert Pendergrass, Mar. 14, 1776. 
Charles Riley, Jan. 5, 1776. 

David Roach, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Died Oct. 12, 1776.) 
John Ross, Jan. 29, 1776. 

Robert Reah, Feb. 12, 1776. 

(Deserted Nov. 26, 1776 ) 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



205 



Enlisted. 
Charles Wright, Jan. 22, 17 

Garret Wagoner, Jan. 25, 17 
Andrew Wilson, Feb. 1, 17 
Alex. Wilkins, do. 

John White, Jan. 25, 17 

(Died July2, 1776.) 



Enlisted. 
Francis Rowain, July 24, 1776. 
Michael Trance, Jan. 26, 1776. 
Joseph Thompson, Feb. 2, 1776. 

(Wounded and captured July 24.) 
Alex. Thomas, Feb. 26, 1776. 

John Thompson, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Deserted March 27, 1776.) 

Company No. 2. • 

Robert Adams, Captain. Commissioned Jan. 9, 1776. Killed June 21, 1776. 

Lewis Bush, do. do. June 24, 1776. 

William Bratton, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 9, 1776. 

William Nichol, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned June 21, 1776. 

Samuel McFerran, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 9, 1776. Pro- 
moted June 21, in Captain Wilson's Company. 

James Calderwood, Ensign. Commissioned May 1, 1776. Promoted Aug. 1, 
on board the Fleet. 

Thomas McCoy, Ensign. Commissioned Aug. 1, 1776. Taken prisoner Octo- 
ber 1, 1776. 

John King, Ensign. Commissioned October 17, 1776. 
/Sergeants. 



Appointed. 
James Ewing, Jan. 25, 1776. 

Samuel Woods, do. 

(Reduced June 2, 1776) 
John McLin, do. 



Appointed. 
John Smith, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Reduced May 15, 1776.) 
William Kyle, May 15, 1776. 

John Orbison, June 2, 1776 



Corporals. 



Joseph Byars, 
Thomas Lawson, 
(Reduced May 1, 
Alex. Carnaghan, 

John Haset, 



Roger Burns, 
William Bryan, 
John Burns, 
Andrew Burns, 
(Capt'ed at Three 
William Baskins, 



Jan. 25, 1776. 
do. 
1776.) 

do. 



William Renick, 
Josiah Wilson, 
Timothy O'Neal, 



Drummer and Fifer. 
Jan. 30, 1776. | John Wann, 
Privates. 

Enlisted. 



Jan. 25, 1776. 

do. 
Feb. 14, 1776. 

do. 
Rivers, June 10.) 
Feb. 14, 1776. 



Jan. 25, 1776. 
June 15, 1776. 
Sept. 25, 1776. 



Jan. 25, 1776 



Enlisted. 
Jan. 25, 17' 



Richard Bran n on, 
(Capt'ed at Three Rivers, June 10.) 
Walker Beatty, Feb. 3, 1776. 

Daniel Blue, " Feb. 3, 1776. 

(Waiting on Gen. Schuyler.) 



206 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Enlisted. 
John Bucket, Mar. 1, 1776. 

(Deserted May 1, 1776.) 
James Bullain, Feb. 3, 1776. 

(Capt'ed at Three Rivers, June 10.) 
John Cachy, Jan. 30, 1776. 

Alex. Campbell, do. 

Amos. Chapman, Feb. 3, 1776. 
Robert Cummins, Jan. 30, 1776. 
John Conner, Feb.* 1, 1776. 

Charles Dugan, Jan. 25, 1776. 

John Davis, do. 

(Capt'ed at Three Rivers, June 10.) 
William Drannon, Feb. 3, 1776. 
Edward Denny, Jan. 30, 1776. 

(Killed June 10, at Three Rivers.) 
George Drue, Feb. 14, 1776. 

James Duffy, Jan. 30, 1776. 

James Douglas, Mar. 1, 1776. 

(Captured Oct. 1, and on parole.) 
William Dyer, . Mar. 1, 1776. 
John Dougherty, Jan. 30, 1776. 
James Elliott, Feb. 14, 1776. 

Edward Edgarton, do. 

John Ewing, Feb. 6, 1776. 

Edward Gallaher, Feb. 2, 1776. 
Thomas Gillis, Feb. 17, 1776. 

Thomas Greer, Jan. 30, 1776. 

William Hamilton, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Died Sept. 1, 1776.) 
James Hamilton, Jan. 25, 1776. 
Hugh Handbury, Jan. 30, 1776. 
John Hamilton, Jan. 21, 1776. 
James Higgins, Feb. 14, 1776. 

David Hall, Feb. 4, 1776. 

George Wiseman, Jan. 21, 1776. 
William Redstone, Jan. 21, 1776. 
Thomas Lawson, May 1, 1776. 
(Capt'ed June 10, at Three Rivers.) 
Solomon Isaac, Feb. 6, 1776. 

(Capt'ed June 10, at Three Rivers.) 
Richard Joyce, Jan. 30, 1776. 

(Capt'ed June 10, at Three Rivers.) 



Enlisted. 
James Kenedy, Jan. 30, 1776. 

(Capt'ed June 10, at Three Rivers.) 
Thomas Killwell, Jan. 21, 1776. 
William Kyle, Jan. 30, 1776. 

(Promoted Sergeant May 15.) 
James Maxwell, Feb. 14, 1776. 
Thomas McGee, do. 

John McGee, do. 

Thomas Mclntire, Jan. 21, 1776. 
William May, Feb. 22, 1776. 

Gilbert McCoy, Feb. 14, 1776. 

Thomas McCoy, do. 

(Promoted to Ensign May 1, 1776.) 
William McGowan, Jan. 30, 1776. 
John McCartney, Feb. 2, 1776. 
Barnabas McGillagan, Feb. 5, 1776. 
James Murkhey, Feb. 6, 1776. 

(Deserted May.27, 1776.) 
Andrew McGee, Feb. 14, 1776. 
Paul McNeal, Feb. 30, 1776. 

Michael McConnell, Jan. 30, 1776. 
(Capt'ed June 10, at Three Rivers.) 
Thomas Morrow, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Taken on the Fleet Oct. 12.) 
Hugh McLane, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Capt'ed June 10, at Three Rivers.) 
William Mooney, Mar. 1, 1776. 
Timothy O'Neal, Feb. 3, 1776. 

(Promoted Corporal Sept. 21.) 
John Olford, Feb. 4, 1776. 

John Obison, Jan. 30, 1776. 

(Promoted Sergeant, June 2.) 
William Polch, Jan. 30, 1776. 

(Died Sept. 22, 1776.) 
Jacob Pitzer, Jan. 30, 1776. 

James Quigley, Jan. 21, 1776. 

William Standup, Feb. 3, 1776. 
Joshua Smith, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(Capt'ed June 10, at Three Rivers.) 
Patt Shockney, Feb. 6, 1776. 

James Stenson, May 1, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



201 



Enlisted. 
Jan. 25, 1776. 



Enlisted. 
William Waugh, Feb. 3, 1776. 
John White, do. 

Josiah Wilson, Jan. 30, 1776. 

(Promoted Corporal June 15.) 
John Ward, Feb. 2, 1776. 



John Swany 

(Deserted April 10, 1776.) 
James Thompson, Jan. 21, 1776. 
Evan Tomlinson, Feb. 3, 1776. 
Samuel Wood, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Capt'ed June 10, at Three Rivers.) 

Company No. 3. 
Abraham Smith, Captain. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 
Robert White, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 177( 

February 9, 1776. 
John Alexander' Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 

moted February 10, 1776. 
Andrew Irvine, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned February 9, 1776. 
Samuel Montgomery, Ensign. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Promoted 

June 1, 1776. 
Samuel Kennedy, Ensign. Commissioned June 1, 1776. 
Sergeants. 



Resigned 



1776. Pro- 





Ap$ 


ointed. 




Appointed. 


John Beatty, 


Jan. 


27, 1776. 


Hugh Foster, 


Feb. 2,1776. 


Samuel Hamilton, 


Jan. 


30, 1776. 


William Scott, 


Feb. 11, 1776. 


(Died July 11, 1776.) 




Corp 


William Burk, 
orals. 


July 11, 1776. 


William Burk, 


Jan. 


29, 1776. 


Seth Richey, 


July 11, 1776. 


(Promoted July 11, 


1776.) 




William McCormick 


Sept. 25, 1776. 


George Standley, 


Mar. 


2, 1776. 


William Drennon, 


Oct. 25,1776. 


(Died in Oct., 1776.) 






John Fannon, 


Feb. 4, 1776. 


John Moore, 


Feb. 


12, 1776. 


(Drummer.) 




(Died in Sept., 1776. 






William Cochran, 


Aug. 1, 1776. 


William Campbell, 


Feb. 


3, 1776. 

Prv 


(Fifer.) 
jates. 






Enlisted. 




Enlisted. 


David Armor, 


Feb. 


9, 1776. 


Anthony Creevy, 


Feb. 19, 1776. 


(Deserted May 14, 1776.) 




William Cochran, 


Mar. 2, 1776. 


John Brown, 


Feb. 


3, 1776. 


(Promoted Aug. 1, 


1776.) 


Patrick Brown, 


Feb. 


4, 1776. 


James Dunlap. 


Feb. 2, 1776. 


John Blakeley, 


Feb. 


22, 1776. 


Thomas Drennon, 


Feb. 12, 1776. 


John Brannon, 


Mar. 


9, 1776. 


William Downey, 


do. 


(Captured July 24, 


1776.) 




Hugh Drennon, 


Feb. 14, 1776. 


Philip Boyle, 


Mar. 


9, 1776. 


Daniel Divinney, 


Feb. 20, 1776. 


Josiah Cochran, 


Jan. 


29, 1776. 


(Captured Oct. 12, 1776.) 


Robert Craighead, 


Feb. 


6, 1776. 


Patrick Flemming, 


Feb. 1, 1776. 


(Captured at Three Rivers 


June 9.) 


William Guin, 


Jan. 29, 1776. 



208 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Enlisted. 
Alex. Gordon, Jan. 27. 1776. 

Robert Gregg, Feb. 22, 1776. 

Thomas Higgins, Jan. 30, 1776. 

(Captured Oct. 12, 1776.) 
James Holliday, Feb. 3, 1776. 

Thomas Holmes, Feb. 4, 1776. 
John Hendricks, April 8,1776. 

(Deserted May 28, 1776.) 
Robert Jarret, Feb. 2, 1776. 

Thomas Johnson, Feb. 12, 1776. 
(Captured at Three Rivers June 9.) 
Benjamin Ishmail, Feb. 12. 1776. 
Samuel Love, Jan. 29, 1776. 

George Lucas, Feb. 10, 1776. 

Nicholas Little, Feb. 14, 1776. 

(Captured at Three Rivers June 9.) 
James Lowry, Feb. 14, 1776. 

Daniel McKissock, Jan. 9, 1776. 
John McCollam. do. 

William McCormick, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(Promoted Sept. 25, 1776.) 
Michael McGarra, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(Deserted May 28, 1776.) 
Bryan McLaughlin, Feb. 2, 1776. 
John McFefcridge, 
John Montgomery 
Michael McMullan, 
James McKissock, 
Adam McBrea, 



Alex. Moore, 
John McDowell, 
Robert Miller. 
Hugh Milligan, 
Samuel McBrea, 
(Died Aug. 10, 17 



do. 
Feb. 3, 177 

do. 

do. 
Feb. 4, 177 

do. 
Feb. 5, 

do. 
Feb. 7. 



Iwli. 



Feb. 12. 



Robert Mcllno, 
Alex. Mc Kenny, 
Moses Powell, 

(Killed Sept. 6, 17 
Nathaniel Points, 
John Rannell, 
Seth Richey, 

(Promoted July 11, 17 



Enlisted. 

Feb. 25, 1776. 

Mar. 4,1776. 

Feb. 19,1776- 

) 

Feb. 2, 1776. 

do. 
Feb. 4, 1776. 



Patrick Rogers, 
John Rannell, jun. 
Peter Runey, 
Alex. Reid (sick), 
Alexander Reid, 2c 



.) 
Feb. 
Feb. 
Feb. 
Feb. 
Mar. 



4, 1776. 
5, 1776. 
9, 1776. 
26, 1776. 
3, 1776. 



(Captured at Three Rivers June 9.) 



Mar 
Jan 
Feb 
Feb 
Feb 



Barthol. Roharty, 
Thomas Smith, 
Patrick Silvers, 
Thomas Scott, 
George Simpson, 
Robert Swime, 
John Stoops, 
Adam Sheaver, 
William Stitt, 
Peter Sheran. 

(Deserted May 14.) 
Charles Tipper, 
John Todd, 
Michael White, 

(Captured at Three Rivers June 9.) 
James White, Feb. 16,1776. 

John McKingham, do. 

(Captured at Three Rivers June 9. 



9, 1776. 
29, 1776. 

6, 1776. 

7, 1776. 
13, 1776. 

Feb. 20,1776. 
Feb. 22,1776. 

do. 

do. 
Mar. 5, 1776. 

Jan. 27,1776. 
Jan. 29,1776. 
Feb. 10,1776. 



John Wilson, 
John Young, 



Feb. 
Feb. 



Company No. 4. 
Commissioned January 9, 1776. 

Commissioned January, 



William Rippey, Captain. 

William Alexander, First-lieutenant. 

Promoted to Captain, June 1, 1776. 
Alexander Parker, First-lieutenant. Commissioned June 1, 1776. 
John Brooks, Second-lieutenant. do. January 9, 1 

William Lusk, Ensign. do. do. 



16, 1776 

4, 1776. 



1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



209 



John Hughes, 
Robert Watt, 



William Gibb, 



Sergeants 
Appointed. ■ 
Jan. 18, 1776. 
do. 



John McClelland, 
William Anderson, 



Corporals. 
Appointed. 
Jan. 19, 1776. 



(Promoted in August to Capt. 
Wilson's Co.) 
Jeremiah McKiblen, Jan. 26, 1776. 
James McCullough, do. 



Appointed. 

Jan. 18,1776. 

do. 



Appointed. 
Jan. 26, 1776. 



George Gordon, 

Nathaniel Stevenson, Jan. 27, 1776. 

Daniel Peterson, Mar. 26, 1776. 

(Drummer.) 
Wm.Richards,Fifer,Jan. 18, 1776. 



Privates. 



Enlisted. 
Jacob Anderson, Feb. 12, 1776. 

Robert Barekley, Jan. 22, 1776. 

Bernard Burns, Feb. 2, 1776. 

(Drummed out May 10.) 
Robert Caskey, Jan. 29, 1776. 

Henry Caistweight, Feb. 2, 1776. 
Robert Cortney, do 

Jacob Christyardenger, Feb. 1, 1776. 
Benjamin Cochran, Jan. 18, 1776. 
(Captured at Three Rivers, June 8.) 



Hugh Cull, 
John Collins, 

(Died Nov. 22, 1776.) 
William Doucherty, 
John Davison, 
Joseph Divin, 
Anthony Dawson, 
Thomas Dycke, 
James Finerty, 
Hugh Forsyth, 
Hugh Ferguson, 
Terrance Falls, 
William George, 
Henry Girven, 
Thomas Gill, 
Jacob Glouse, 
Nathan Hemphill, 



Jan. 24, 1776. 
Feb. 2, 1776. 

Feb. 2, 1776. 
Jan. 28, 1776. 
Jan. 18, 1776. 
Jan. 27, 1776. 
Jan. 26, 1776. 
Feb. 12, 1776. 
Jan. 18, 1776. 

do. 
Jan. 31, 1776. 
Jan. 29, 1776. 
Feb. 3, 1776. 
Feb. 18, 1776. 
Jan. 31, 1776. 
Jan. 22, 1776. 



Enlisted. 
Robert Haslet, Feb. 29, 1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
John Hendry, Feb. 5. 1776. 

William Henderson, Jan. 18, 1776. 

(Discharged April 18, 1776.) 
James Hervey, Jan. 18, 1776 

(Died Aug. 10, 1776.) 
Cumberland Hamilton, Jan. 23,1776. 
Neal Hardon, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Captured at Three Kivers,June 8.) 
George Hewett, Feb. 5, 1776. 

Jacob Justice, Jan. 20, 1776. 

Robert Irvine, Feb. 29, 1776. 

John Johnston, Feb. 1, 1776. 

Christopher Kechler, Jan. 29, 1776. 



Francis Kain, 

(Died Oct. 24, 1 
John Kelly, 
William Lowry, 
Daniel Lavery, 
David Linsey, 
James Lynch, 
John Madden, 
Josiah McCall, 
John McMichael, 
James McComb, 
William Mclntire, 



6.) 



Jan. 31, 1776. 

Jan. 18, 1776. 
Feb. 1, 1776. 
Feb. 19, 1776. 
Jan. 18, 1776. 
Jan. 26, 1776. 
Jan. 20, 1776. 
Feb. 3, 1776. 
Mar. 5, 1776. 
Feb. 1, 1776. 
Jan. 31, 1776. 



210 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



John Moore, 
James Mullan, 
Thomas McCall, 
Philip Melon, 



Enlisted. 
Feb. 1, 1776. 
Feb. 3, 1776. 
Jan. 29, 1776. 
Mar. 1, 1776. 



(Captured July 24, 1776.) 
Alexander McNichols,Feb. 8, 1776 



James McCoy, 
James McCon, 
David McClain, 
John McDonal, 
Daniel McClain, 
John McGaw, 
Charles Melone, 
George Mc Person, 
William Nicholson, 
John Ortman, 
John O'Neal, 
Thomas Pratt, 

(Captured June 8, 17 
Thomas Parsons, 

(Captured June 8, 17 
Aaron Patterson, 
Charles Rosbrough, 
John Rosbrough, 



Enlisted. 
Jabez Rogers, Feb. 1, 1776. 

'(Captured July 24, 1776.) 
Thomas Reed, Jau. 18, 1776. 

Robert Robeson, Jan. 27, 1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
Basil Regan, Jan. 18, 1776. 

(Killed June 21, 1776.) 
John Storm, Jan. 22, 1776. 

Henry Scott, Jan. 31, 1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
Alex. Stephenson, Feb. 12, 1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
Nathaniel Stephenson, Jan. 27, 1776. 

(Promoted Nov. 10, 1776.) 
James Smiley, Feb. 5, 1776. 

William Thompson, Jan. 19, 1776. 



Feb. 1, 1776. 
Jan. 20, 1776. 
Jan. 18, 1776 
Jan. 20, 1776. 
Jan. 26, 17 
Feb. 8, 17 
Feb. 5, 1776. 
Jan. 19, 17 
Feb. 1, 1776. 
Mar. 6, 17 
Jan. 19, 17 
Jan. IS, 1776. 
76.) 

Feb. 1, 1776. 
76.) 

Mar. 6, 1776. 

Jan. 22, 1776. 

do. 

CoSipanv No. 5. 
James A. Wilson, Captain. Commissioned January 

July 24, 1776. 
Lewis Bush, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Promoted 

in Captain Adams' Company, June 24. 
Samuel McFerren, First-lieutenant, Commissioned January 9, 1776. Taken 

prisoner, June 21, 1776. 
William McClelland,. Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 9, 1776. Re- 
signed. 
Robert Wilson, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 
Joseph Culbertson, Ensign. Commissioned Jan. 9, 1776. Killed June 21, 1776. 
John Bush, Ensign. Commissioned June 24, 1776. 
Sergeants. 



John Tribel, 


Jan. 


18, 


1776. 


Jacob Trash, 


Feb. 


1, 


1776. 


John Van Kirk, 


Jan. 


18, 


1776. 


John Winn, 


Feb. 


3, 


1776. 


John Wright, 


Jan. 


31, 


1776. 


Peter Young, 


Feb. 


2, 


1776. 



(Deserted April 7, 1776.) 



Taken prisoner, 



Robert Phillips, 
Robert Morton, 



Francis Alexander, 
Jonathan Stirling, 



Corporals. 



John Morrison, 
William Gibb. 



Dennis Hughes, 
Thomas Cavan. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



311 



Thomas Neilson, 



Drum and Fife. 

I John Mcllroy. 



Privates. 



William Alexander, 
James Chambers, 
Christopher Chisar, 
Alexander Cook, 
Anthony Cochran, 
Dennis Dailey, 
William Fletcher, 
John Ferris, 
J osiah Gilbreath, 
Roger Goff, 
Alexander Graham, 
William Hanna, 
Robert Harris, 
Arthur Harson, 
Joseph Linton, 
John Mann, 
James McKain, 
Henry McChain, 
Robert McCormack, 
David McCoy, 
Samuel McCullough, 
Patt McDonald, 
James Kirkpatrick, 



James McGuire, 
Samuel.McKey, 
James McKinley, 
John McGlaughlan, 
John McForely, 
David Miller, 
George Mock, 
Joseph Moore, ' 
John Miller, 
Robert Murry, 
Daniel Murry, 
John O'Neill, 
John Parker, 
George Patrick, 
Joseph Pinkerton, 
Charles Strong, 
John Thompson, 
Robert Todd, 
Hector White, 
Michael Wickard, 
William Wiggans, 
Joseph Wren, 
John Smith. 



Company No. 6. 



David Grier, Captain. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Promoted Major, 
June 1, 1776. 

William Alexander, Captain. Commissioned June 1, 1776. 

John McDowel, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 

Abdiel McAllister, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Cap- 
tured June 21, 1776. 

William Nichols, Ensign. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Promoted to 
Capt. Bush's Company, June 21, 1776. 

John Hughes, Ensign. Commissioned June 21,1776. 

Sergeants. 
Andrew Walker, I Robert Jeffries, 

John Knox, John Hoyman. 



212 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Corporals. 



James Lawson, 

Felix Mcllhenny, 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 

James Hamilton, 



David Lathen, 

Ezra Johnson, 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 

Drum and Fife. 

I Mathias Wright, 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 



William Anguish, 
John Brian, 
Robert Bond, 
James Berry, 
George Baker, 
George Cooper, 
Cornelius Corrigan, 
John Clemmons, 
Adam Conn, 
Archibald Campbell, 
John Doice, 
Charles Dougherty, 
David Davis, 
Alexander Eason, 
Robert Forsyth, 
Joseph Gettis, 
James Herkins, 
Thomas Hoy, 
William Johnston, 
Robert Johnston, 
James McMullin, 
Henry McKissick, 
John McCall, 
Lawrence Mealy, 
William McCoy, 
John McDonald, 
Samuel McGowan," 
Patrick O'Lean, 



Privates. 



Peter O'Neal, 
James Price, 
John Pearcy, 
William Quigley, 
James Robinson, 
Joseph Russell, 
Patrick Rooney, 
Archibald Shaw, 
James Stevenson, 
Peter Swartz, 
George Swartz, 
Philip Shive, 
Patrick Scullion, 
Peter Sidle, 
Francis Shanley, 
Michael Shultz, 
Peter Seigh, 
James Shaw, 
Balzer Swank, 
Edward Spencer, 
John Snider, 
Jacob Trace, 
Edward Welch, 
Joseph Wilson, 
Joseph Wead, 
William Wilkinson, 
Adam Weaverling, 
George Worley. 



Prisoners captured from this Company. 



George Conner, 
John Dougherty, 
Thomas Delany, 



Captured. 

June 14, 1776. 

June 8,1776. 

do. 



' Captured. 
Charles Gyflnger, June 21, 1776. 
Peter Grant, June 8,1776. 

Edw. Hickinbottom, June 14, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



213 





Captured. 


Captured. 


Thomas Kelly, 


June 8 


1776. 


Dennis Murphy, June 8, 1776. 


James Leison, 


do. 




Jacob Mathews, do. 


William Mason, 


do. 




Murtough Redmond, do. 


Mathias Wright, 


do. 




John Taylor, do. 


Lawrence Mealy, 


do. 










Company No. 7. 


Moses McLean, Captain. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Taken prisoner 



June 21, 1776. 
Barned Eichelberger, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 
John Edie, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Taken 

prisoner June 8, 1776. 
Edward Stille, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 
John Hoge, Second- Lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Taken 

prisoner June 8, 1776. 
Robert Hopes, Ensign. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 
Sergeants. 



Robert Ralston, 
John Smith, 
James Milligan, 



Henry Tibbons, 
John Walker, 
Andrew Miller, 
Hugh Bradley, 

Patrick Conner, 



Corporals. 



Drum and F 

I 
Privates. 



John Adair, 
John Brown, 
Joseph Barclay, 
George Blakely, , 
John Blair, 
William Cochi'an, 
William Eavan, 
Robert Crawford, 
Thomas Chesney, 
James Conn, 
David Cunningham, 
Patrick Cunningham, 
William Dingley, 



John King, 
(Promoted Oct. 17, 1776.) 

Robert Alison, 
(Appointed Oct. 17, 1776.) 

John McGee, 
(Appointed Oct. 18, 1776.) 

David Sloane, 
(Appointed Oct. 18, 1776.) 
'ife. 

Richard Stack. 

Felix Duffleld, 
Thomas Dill, 
John Dunlap, 
William Entrican, 
Alexander Faith, 
Thomas Graynor, 
Matthias Gerard, 
William Hughes, 
John Hargie, 
James Johnston, 
Robert Alison, 
(Promoted Oct. 17, 1776. 
Aaron Jayne, 



214 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



George Johnston, 
Samuel Kinkaid. 
Patriot King, 
Wm. King, Artificer, 
Joseph Long, 
Patrick Limerick, 
John McGee, 
(Promoted Oct. 18, 1776 ) 
William McDonald, 
John McBride, 
Neal McGonagle, 
Patrick McGuan, 
Charles Mahon, 
Eneas Murray, 
Owen McKeeder, 



James Maxwell, 
John Mc Williams, 
Jacob McFarland, 
Christian Morgan, 
Dennis O'Hara, 
John Patten, 
John Patterson, 
John Robinson, 
J ohn Simonton, 
William Semple, 
Peter Sullivan, 
David Sloane, 
(Promoted Oct. 18, 1776,) 
Eli Shugart. 



Company No. 8. 
Jeremiah Talbott, Captain. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 
John McDonald, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 
Alexander Brown, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 17T& 



William Graham, Ensign. 

John McCollam, 
John Wilson, 

William Campbell, 
Robert Hunter, 

John Melton, 

Robert Asten, 
John Bradley, 
William Black, 
John Church, 
George Coghren, 
Francis Clark, 
Robert Carnahan, 
Charles Connor, 
John Campbell, 
Joseph Chambers, 
John Dinning, 
William Evans, 
John Faulkner, 



Commissioned January 9, 1776. 
Sergeants. 

James Cuppels, 
Samuel Mitchell. 
Corporals. 

John Chain, 
John Reniston. 
Drum and Fife. 



I 
Privates. 



John Killin. 

Hugh Fairess, 
James Gardner, 
David Gibson, 
William Heaslet, 
John Heatherington, 
Duke Handlon, 
John Higgins, 
Kern Kelly, 
Stephen Lyon, 
Jacob Lewis, 
Hugh Lilly, 
James McFarlan, 
John Marten, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



215 



Robert Mellon, John Pollock, 

Benjamin Morrison, James Quarre, 

Charles McKown, William Shaw, 

Archibald McDonald, Mike Sesalo, 

Thomas Mitchell, John Shoomaker, 

Charles Murray, James Sloan, 

Patrick Murray, John Totton, 

Matthew McConnell, John Thompson, 

Thomas McCreary, Hugh Thompson, 

Lawrence McCreary, William White, 

Abel Morgan, John White, 

Cbarles McMullin, John Welch, " 

Archibald Nickel, Robert Watson, 

Andrew Pinkerton, Isaac Wiley. 
Samuel Power,, 
Field and Staff of Col. William Irvine's Pennsylvania Regiment, 
as it stood July 31, 1777. 



William Irvine, Colonel. 

David Grier, Lieutenant-colonel. 

Samuel Hay, Major. 

John Rose, Surgeon. « 

Robert Elliott, Adjutant. 

James Gamble, Quartermaster. 



John Knight, Paymaster. 
John Morrison, Sergeant-major. 
William McGriggar, Quartermas- 
ter's Sergeant. 
John Melton, Drum-major. 
Richard Stack, Fife-major. 



Captains. 



Jeremiah Talbott, 
William Alexander, 
William Bratton, 
John McDowell, 
Capt. Robert Willson 



John Alexander, 
Alexander Parker, 
Robert Willson, 
Samuel Montgomery. 
Company, Col. Irvine's Regiment, as it stood 
November 30, 1777. 



Robert Wilson, Captain. " 
John Bush, Lieutenant. 
James Williamson, do. 
John O'Neal, Sergeant. 
James Kilpatrick, do. 

John Mann, 
Alex. Porter, 
John Parker, 
William Miles, 
Johu McSorely, 



Privates. 



William McGrigger, Sergeant. 
John Dugan, Drummer. 
Josiah Gilbreath, Corporal. 
John Gibney, do. 

William McMullan, do. 

Patrick Black, 
Edward McKillan, 
Daniel Murray, 
James Chambers, 1st, 
Richard Cummins, 



216 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Hector WhitP, 
Joseph Renn, 
John Collins, 
William Wiggans 



James Moore, 
James Chambers, 2d, 
Daniel Sullivan, 
John McLaughlin, 



Capt. William Bratton's Company, as it stood Nov. 30, 177? 



William Bratton, Captain. 
Thomas McCoy, Lieutenant. 
William Armstrong, Ensign. 
Timothy O'Neal, Sergeant. 



Amos Chapman, Sergeant. 
Thomas Gillis do. 

Edvvard Steen, Drummer. 
John Wann, Fifer. 



Privates. 



Francis Henry, 

Patrick Shocky, 

John Print, 

Peter Rooney, 

James Elliott, 

James Simonton, 

Edward Edgarton, 

J ohn Beatty, 

Daniel Dunnivan, 
Capt. Samuel Montgomery's Company 
Samuel Montgomery Captain. 
Samuel Bryson, Lieutenant. 
John McGee, Ensign, 
William Roberts, Sergeant. 
Josias Wilson, do. 



Privates. 



Darby Brannon, 
James Maloy, 
William McCoy, 
Rudy McCoy, 
Garret Wagoner, 
Samuel McClane, 
Thomas Means, 
Charles Dongan, 
Thomas Johnston, 
Thomas Payne, 
Edward Davison, 
James Graham, 
Robert Allice, 
William Mclntire, 
Thomas Dyke, 
John Mellon, 
Andrew Griffy, 



Peter Martin, 

Peter Loyd, 

David Hall, 

Patt. McDonald, 

John Ryan, 

John McKean, 

Fergus Lee, 

John Taylor, 

Gilbert McCay. 
, as it stood Nov. 30, 1777 
James Maxwell, Sergeant. 
Robert Todd, do. 

Charles Riley, Corporal. 
Daniel Cogdail, Drummer. 
Christian Crow, Fifer, 

Philip Brown, 
John Allen, 
Francis Curty, 
William McDonald, 
Charles McConnell, 
William Brinnagan, 
Edward McMullan, 
John Heathrington, 
James McGuire, 
Joseph Chambers, 
Daniel McGarrigan, 
Lawrence Kerry, 
John Cavanagh, 
John Flinn, 
Samuel Perry, 
William Roberts. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



217 



Capt. Jeremiah Talbott' 
Jeremiah Talbott, Captain. 
Andrew Irvine, Lieutenant. 
Joseph Torrance, do. 
John McCollam, Ensign. 
William Gibb, Sergeant. 

Jacob Weaver, 

Francis O'Hara, 

Charles Conner, 

William Foster, 

Patt. Murray, 

Felix O'Neal, 

Charles Kelly, 

James Rawls, 

Daniel McCarty, 

Joseph West, 
Capt. Alexander Parker 
Alexander Parker, Captain. 
William Lusk, Lieutenant. 
John Blair, do. 

John Hughes, Ensign. 
John Renniston, Sergeant. 
George Hewett, do. 

John McMichael, 

Cumberland Hamilton, 

Henry Gawin, 

John Carney, 

John Dugan, 

William Intrican, 

Hugh Call, 

John Winn, 

Michael Shields, 

Peter Sheckel, 

Andrew Craley, 

William Carman, 

Thomas McClain, 
Capt. John McDowell's 
John McDowell, Captain. 
William Miller, Lieutenant. 
Robert McPherson, do. 
James Milligan, Ensign. 
Roger Gaff, Sergeant. 



Company, as it stood Nov. 30, 1777. 
Robert Hunter, Sergeant. 
Thomas Whiteley, do. 
Hugh Thompson, do. 
John Smith, Corporal. 

Privates. 

Hugh Casady, 

John McKinley, 

Michael Pitzler, 

Patt Boyle, 

George Coghran, 

James Lee, 

John Johnson, 

Andrew McGrahy, 

Edward Hart, 

John Curray. 
s Company, as it stood Nov. 30, 1777. 
James McConn, Corporal. 
Michael Madden, do. 
George McPherson, do. 
Edward McGinnis, Drummer. 
William Price, Fifer. 

Privates. 

James Davidson, 

Robert George, 

Bartholomew McGuire, 

Joseph Cenney, 

Jacob Clouse, 

John Hoar, 

John Wright, 

John Johnston, 

Anthony Spinkhouse, 

Robert Elliott, 

Thomas Hunt, 

John Tribble, 

William Nicholson, 
Company, as it stood Nov. 1, 1777. 
Adam Linn, Sergeant. 
Thomas Gainer, do. 
William Manly, Corporal. 
Paul Conner, Drummer. 



218 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Privates. 

John Connolly, 
James Quin, 
Marly Sullivan, 
James Welch, 
William Bradshaw, 
John Fanning, 
John McCalloh, 
Edward Welch, 
Patt McKeehan, 
Thomas Chesney, 
Patt Keing, 
Dennis Murphy, 
Bartholomew Mulloy, 

Capt. John Alexander's Company, 
John Alexander, Captain. 
Robert Peebles, Lieutenant. 
William Wilson, Ensign. 
William McCormic, Sergeant. I 

Privates. 
William Bruce, 
John Benson, 
William Marshall, 
John Smith, 
Philip Boyle, 
Alexander Reid, 
John Alexander, 
Andrew Pinkerton, 
George Patrick, 
Thomas Johnston, 
John Collins, 
Robert Craighead, 

Capt. Wm. Alexander's Company, 
William Alexander, Captain. 
Samuel Kennedy, lst-lieutenant. 
Alexander Russell, 2d tlo. 
Robert Mc Wheeling, Ensign. 
John Smith, Sergeant. 
Joseph Wade, do. 



Philip Duffleld, 
Edward Atchison, 
Henry Garman. 
William Campbell, 
Alex. McDaniel, 
Daniel Conner, 
Samuel Gilmore, 
Michael Lenonagan, 
John Walch, 
George Blackley, 
Neal McGunnagle, 
James Johnston, 
Solomon Silas. 

AS it stood Nov. 1, 1777. 
John Nicholson, Sergeant. 
Joshua Cochran, Corporai. 
Matthew McConnell, do. 
Robert Gregg, do. 



John Todd, 
Patrick McCue, 
John Ford, 
James Bonine, 
John Hays, 
Michael Hogan, 
John Quin, 
Henry Corman, 
James Hamil, 
Thomas Pezzy, 
Kearns Kelly. 



AS IT STOOD NOV. 1, 1777. 

Matthew Way, Sergeant. 
William Gray, do. 
George Brown, Corporal. 
Joseph Rawlings, do. 
James Hamilton, do. 
Joseph Templeton, do. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



George Worley, 
John McGinnis, 
William Courtney, 
Patt. McCormick, 
Timothy Murphy, 
William Guthrie, 
Patt. McGonaghy, 
William Anguish, 
James Price, 
Richard Henley, 
Thomas McConn. 



Privates. 

James Berry, 

John Brains, 

Adam Conn, 

John McCall, 

Patt Rooney, 

Cornelius Conigan, 

William Wilkinson, 

Henry Frett, 

John Clemonds, 

David Davis, 

James Harkins, 

James Donovan, 
Names, Rank, Dates of Commissions, and Time of Enlistment of the 

Officers and Privates of Col. Armand's Legion. 
Charles Armand (Marquis de la Rcuariej, Colonel. Commissioned May 

10, 1777. 
Count de Ottendorff, Major. 

Jost Driesback, Captain. Commissioned February 22, 1777. 
Anthony Selin, do. do. December 10, 1776. 

Bauer, do. do. do. 

Lieutenant De Howelman, Quartermaster. Commission Dec. 9, 1776. 
John Paul Schott, Captain. Commissioned December 9, 1776. 
Company No. 1. 

Jost Driesback, Captain. Commissioned March 3, 1777. 

Conrad Latur, First-lieutenant. Commissioned March 3, 1777. 

Jacob Glaeton, Lieutenant. Commissioned March 3, 1777. 

Henry Beats, Sargeant. Commissioned March 1, 1777. 

Daniel Woible, Sergeant. Commissioned February 16, 17T7. 
Privates. 

Enlisted. 



Jacob Arner, Feb. 21,1777. 

John Reity, do. 

Richard Richardson, do. 

Peter Gruber, Feb. 24, 1777. 

Jacob Long, Feb. 25, 1777. 

Jacob Hess, Feb. 26, 1777. 

Henry Keck, do. 

Adam Brandhefer, do. 

Oliver Moles, Mar. 1, 1777. 

Christian Shitz, Mar. 2, 1777. 

Jacob Miller, Mar. 3, 1777. 

Jacob Frey, Mar. 15, 171 7. 



John Reaty, 
Daniel Shitz, 
John Keisty, 
John Koehler, 
John Wint, 
John Kinkings, 
George Kearn, 
Daniel Koad, 
Martin Brechel, 
John Arner, 
Eberhardt Hahl, 



Enlisted. 
Mar. 15,1777. 
Mar. 31,1777. 
April 1, 1777. 
April 2,1777. 

do. 

do. 
April 5,1777. 
April 10, 1777. 
April 20, 1777. 

do. 
April 29, 1777. 



2Js20 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Count De Ottendorff's Company. 





Enlisted. 




Enlisted. 


Johannes Mitchel, 


April 20, 1777. 


William Toliver, 


Feb. 


1, 1777. 


Hans Georg Klein, 


April 21, 1777. 


Isaac Haal, 


Feb. 


8, 1777. 


Andreas Sturnburt, 


April 6,1777. 


John Walter, 


Jan. 


28, 1777. 


Christian Casseur, 


April 7,1777- 


John Green, 


Feb. 


8,1777. 


Robert Stuart, 


April 24, 1777. 


James Dreiskoll, 


Feb. 


10, 1777. 


Joseph Outbridge, 


April 25, 1777. 


Andreas Bengell, 


do. 


Jacob Hess, 


do. 


Michael Berry, 




ao. 


Johann G. Neunrich 


, April 26, 1777. 


John Bengell, 


Feb. 


20, 1777. 


Johannes Hoffman, 


April 27, 1777. 


George Fill, 


Feb. 


22, 1777. 


George Stepper, 


April 27, 1777. 


John Thomson, 


Feb. 


17, 1777. 


Philip Weber, 


April 28, 1777. 


John Schuh, 


Jan. 


20, 1777. 


Henreich Shaffer, 


Mar. 1, 1777. 


HenreichBartholome, Mar 


1, 1777. 


Henry Beatz, 


do. 


John Hawkins, 


Jan. 


10, 1777. 


Jacob Orner, 


Feb. 21,1777. 


John Trow, 


Mar. 


22, 1777. 


Peter Gruver, 


Feb. 24,1777. 


Philip Grimm, 


Mar. 


11, 1777. 


Henrich Donich, 


do. 


Wilhelm Dorn, 


Mar. 


22, 1777. 


Geo. Laughramer, 


Jan. 23,1777. 


Henrich Donich, 


Dec. 


10, 1776. 


Charles Geisinger, 


Jan. 13,1777. 


Arnold Loos, 


Dec. 


21, 1776. 


Matthias Giintzell, 


Mar. 1, 1777. 


Jacob Kern, 


Dec. 


23, 1776. 


John Blum, 


Jan. 14,1777. 


Edmond Lynch, 


Jan. 


10, 1777. 


Valentine Keyser, 


Jan. 17,1777. 


John Morgin, 


Jan. 


19, 1777. 


George Marcks, 


Jan. 24,1777. 


James Sorfll, 


Jan. 


23, 1777. 


Jeams Reichway, 


Jan. 6, 1777. 


Jacob Ferngold, 


Feb. 


3, 1777. 


John Philips, 


Jan. 17,1777. 


Christian Fels, 




do. 


John Roch, 


Jan. 25, 1777. 


Pierre Triest, 


Feb. 


7, 1777. 


Samuel Murden, 


Jan. 27,1777. 


James Brucks, 




do. 


John Darrel, 


do. 


John Geisinger, 


Mar. 


16, 1777. 


Geoi-ge Rex, 


Jan. 30, 1777. 


Alexander Black, 


Feb 


9, 1777. 


Christopher Bagal, 


do. 

COMPAl 


Adolph Grieslins, 
*Y No. 2. 


Mar 


1, 1777 



Anthony Selins, Captain. 
Lawrence Myers, Lieutenant. 
Christian Froelick, do. 
Arnold Loose, Volunteer. 

Philip Strubine, do. 

Henrich De Gevricourt, do. 
Henrich Luders, Sergeant. 



Henrich Bartolomia, Sergeant. 
John Blum, do. 

Valentine Keiser, do. 

George Marks, Corporal. 
John Walter, do. 

John Schu, Drummer. 
John Tomson, Fifer. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



221 



Privates. 
Henrich Donig, 
Jeams Rigeway, 
John Philips, 
John Roge, 
Samuel Murden, 
Mathias Gengill, 
John Darrell, 
Michael Berry, 
William Durn, 
John Bengell, 

Company 
John Paul Schott, Captain. 
Christian Mancke, Lieutenant. 
George Schaflner, Lieutenant. 
Fredrich Liebe, Sergeant. 
George Dean, Sergeant. 

Privates. 
Tui Cromwell, 
George Rearing, 
Peter Corback, 
Henry Mincks, 
Tobias Ritter, 
Andony Leopard, 
John Haal, 



George Rex, 
Isaac Haal, 
John Green, 
Thomas Driswall, 
Andrew Bengell, 
Daniel Klein, 
John Trow, 
George Deal, 
John Eberts, 
William Marks. 



George Langeamer, Sergeant. 
Frederich Bargman, Corporal. 
David Breckle, do. 

John Gedeke, do. 

John Woodbridge, Drummer. 



Jacob Phaltzer, 
Jacob Reiner, 
John Plesch, 
Johnson Borwell, 
Charles Weels, 
Gabriel Vilein, 
Nadaniel Johns. 



Company No. 4. 



J^cob Bauer, Captain. 
Baron De Wehtritz, Lieut. 
John Sharp, do. 

Jacob Young, Sergeant. 

Oliver Moles, 
George Eirig, 
John Sheperd, 
Godfrey Niemerich, 
Jonathan Lynch, 
William Roak, 
John Geisel, 
John Pattis, 
Jacob Shaver, 



Privates. 



George Bamburg, Sergeant. 
John Mannerson, Corporal. 
Andrew Homberg, do. 
Andrew Ransier, Drummer. 



John Mitchell, 
George Klein, 
Charles Feidler, 
Andrew Reboarg, 
Peter Gruber, 
John Walsch, 
Charles Butner, 
Adam Sypert, 
Jacob Ferncorn. 



222 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Names and Rank of the Officers and Privates of the Third Vacant 
Company of the German Regiment of Pennsylvania, commanded by 
Col. Lewis Weltner, as it stood at Valley Forge, in March, 1778. 



Re - 



Philip Graybell, Captain. 

signed March 12, 1778. 
William Rice, First-lieutenant. 
Martin Sugart, Second-lieutenant 
William Rumelson, Sergeant. ' 



Ferdinand Lorants, | 
Michael Crowley, 
Anthony Miller, 
John Schlife, 
John Eisell, 
Michael Kershner, 
John Harley, 
Fred. Wm. Haller, 
Jacob Myers, 
John Schafler, 
Philip Shautz, 
Wolgong Ebsberger, 
Wendle Laurentz, 
Henry Smith, 
Nicholas Reiser, 
Rudolph Crower, 



Frederick Sollars, Sergeant. 
George Stouffer, do. 

Joseph Hook, Corporal. 
Jacob Etter, do. 



Privates. 



Joseph Williams, 
Abraham Frantz, 
George Lighhiser, 
David Mumma, 
James Caple, 
Peter Baker, 
Jacob Meily, 
John Schryock, 
William Craft, 
Joseph Striber, 
Paul Esling, 
George Cretho, 
David Finck, 
John Smith, 
Henry Rumfelt, 
Michael Huling, 



Names and Rank of the Invalid Regiment of Pennsylvania, com- 
manded by Colonel Lewis Nicola, as it was discharged, Ap*il, 

1783. 



Lewis Nicola, Colonel. 

Thomas Arnold, Captain. 

Moses McFarland, do. 

John McGowan, do. 

John Riely, do. 

Ebenezer Hills, do. 

William McHatton, Capt. Lieut. 

Jonathan Pugh, Lieut, and Adju- 
tant. 

Osgood Carleton, Lieut, and Qt. 
Mast. 

Matthew Maus, Surgeon. 

Christopher Taylor, Surgeon's 
Mate. 



Talmadge Hall, Lieut, and Pay- 
master. 
Samuel Gibbs, Lieutenant. 
Robert Barnett, do. 

William Maynard, do. 
Philip Leibert, Captain. 
John D. Woelper, do. 
William Williams, do. 
Leonard Cooper, do. - 
Eli Sterors, Sergeant-major. 
David Hillyer.Qt. Mast.'s Sergeant. 
Robert Hunter, Drum-major. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



223 



Privates and others. 



George Ceely, Sergeant. 
Andrew Dunlap, do. 
John Sullivan, do. 

Andrew Deal, do. 

William Wear, do. 

James Hunter, Corporal. 
Stephen Chapman, do. 
Willard Pierce, Corporal. 
Ichabod Coe, Fifer. 
Thomas Abbott, 
Michael Bazel, 
Anthony Benford, 
Luke Brady, 
J eremiah Belcher , 
Thomas Brackett, 
Robert Clark, 
John Campbell, 
Benjamin Cheshire, 
Alexander Dickey, 
Duncan Frazer, 
Peter Fitzpatrick, 
Enos Frankinson, 
Cato Freeman, 
Cash Finney, 
Robert Freemoult, 
James Foster, 
-John Groves, 
Joseph Harrop, 
John Harris, 
Jonathan Hubard, 
Matthew Kelly, 
George Krottle, 
Peter Liddington, 
Henry Lawson, 
Robert Lynn 
John Leigher, 
Roger McCullough, 
Paul McTall, 
John McGunghey, 
William McAllister, 
John McConnell, 
John McKewing, 
Bazley Moffett, 
William Pinnard, 
William Ryan, 
John Rowland, 
Bartlett Robinson, 
John Robins, 
Lawrence Smith, 
John Smith, 
Nathan Stiles, 
Samuel Thomps OQ) 



Edward Tobin, 
Peter Thompson, 
Edward Welch, 
Joseph Welch, 
Timothy Conner, Corporal. 
William Barkhill, Sergeant. 
Edward Franklin, do. 
Jonah Malting, Corporal. 
John Baily, Drummer. 
Robert Baker. 
James Barklor, 
Peter Collins, 
John Dismond, 
Joshua Gray, 
George Hansen, 
John Hackett, 
Asa Hays, 
Stephen Luddleton, 
John Murray, 
^Jdark Martin, 
Elisha Munsell, 
John Owens, 
James Serdon, 
Asa Seymour, 
John Mundin, Sergeant. 
Thomas Gerald, do. 
John Price, do. 

John Bristol, do. 

John Keating, Corporal. 
John Mundin, Drummer. 
Peter Mundin, do. 
Frederick Boardman, Fifer. 
Joel Beers, 
William Tomlinson, 
Michael Berry, 
Judah Bills, 
Nicholas Bartrum, 
Daniel Bragden, 
John Corbett, 
Barnabas Dougherty, 
John Delaguin. 
Joseph Freeman, 
William Feagan, 
John Freelove, 
Samuel Hodgins, 
South wick Hubbard, 
William Johnston, 
Martin Jordan, 
James Lipscomb, 
David Lincoln, 
Lawrence Morfee, 
James McCarapher, 



224 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



John McDonald, 

Peter McCoy, 

Dan Mansfield, 

Patrick Marr, 

Rufus Newport, 

James Nicholas, 

John O'Neal, 

John Nutting, 

Asa Porter, 

Samuel Pike, 

William Putrin, 

Francis Pollard, 

Philip Richardson, 

James Rankin, 

Zubil Stone, 

James Taylor, 

Ebenezer Waterman, 
Caleb Woods, 

Margaret Corbin, 

Peter Willard, 

Gideon Noble, Corporal. 
William Rider, 

Moses Boardman, 
Edward Bates, 
John Neal, 

Elijah Davis, 

Richard Hubbard, 

Thomas Langman, 

John Dunovan, 

Joseph Chieney, 

John Cappy, 

Samuel Davis, 

Isaac Ebbert, 

John Holden, 

Thomas Langman, 

Andrew McGuire, 

Elisha Molton, 

Samuel Pith, 

John Spencer, 

John Demmon, 

John Needham, Sergeant. 

Joseph Gongon, 

Samuel Potter, Sergeant. 



John Heath, Corporal. 
Samuel Whitney, do. 
James Riley, Fifer. 
Ben Abro, 
Amos Barnes, 
John Beardsworth, 
Benjamin Bachelor, 
John Cannon, 
Gershom Corwin, 
Michael Cambler, 
Timothy Chellas, 
Edward Crowell, 
John Davidson, 
Barnabas Davidson, 
James Fuller, 
Thomas Goldthraite, 
Thomas Glawson, 
Samuel Hadlock, 
Bazaleel Hamlin, 
Richard Hazard, 
Tower Hill, 
John Hutching, 
Rufus Harrington, 
Thomas King, 
John Knowlton, 
Isaac Lovejoy, 
William Messer, 
Seth Moore, 
William Morgan, 
William Osburn, 
William Pitts, 
Robert Patterson, 
Lloyd Powell, 
John Perkins, 
Sieby Richmond, 
John Rich, 
John Taylor, 
Joseph Stacey, 
Oliver Simmons, 
John Spry, 
William Watrous, 
Joseph Waterman, 
Nicholas Weasel, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



225 



Hiber Smith, Sergeant. 
Jeremiah Howe, do. 
William Coombs, do. 
Gerard Craig, Corporal. 
Teter Alexander, 
Moses Barns, 
Peter Babb, 
Josiah Braman, 
Daniel Barnett, 
William Cambell, 
Jesse Danforth, 
Michael Drake, 
Timothy Howard, 
Samuel Pottage, 
Robert Richardson, 
Seth Warren, 
James Wraland, 
Thomas Nichols, 
Caleb Orcutt, Sergeant. 
Jeremiah Lord, do. 
James Nevice, Corporal. 
Daniel McDougall, do. 
Charles Perkins, do. 
Joseph Wheeler, do. 
John Clough, do. 

Samuel Sumner, Drummer. 
Michael Greene, Fifer, 

Thomas Andrews, 

Gideon Allen, 

Joseph Bryington, 

John Brown, 

Thomas Clues, 

Elisha Cole, 

John Cross, 

Enoch Curtis, 

Stephen Calliff, 

John A. Dager, 

Zebulon Fuller, 

Elias Greenleaf, 

Ephraim Goodeuough, 

Clark Gibbs, 



Moses George, 

Richard Hill, 

Samuel Holmes, 

William Hancock, 

Samuel Hunt, 

Caesar Hall, 

Matthew Jamison, 

Epes Jewett, 

Ezra King, 

Charles King, 

Thomas Loveland, 

John Ludaman, 

Elijah Nutting, 

Russell Oliver, 

Richard Patten, 

Samuel Farrer, 

Jonathan Goldthaite, 

John McCoy, 

Christian Powers, 

Edward Powers, 

Thomas Reynolds, 

Owen Reeck, 

Robert Smith, 

Elijah Taylor, 

Benjamin Ward, 

William Welsh, 

Cato Wayman, 

Elijah Biiss, Sergeant. 

Timothy Culver, do. 

Jonathan Andrews,Corporal. 

Joseph Bond, 

Jotham Wood, 

Henry McNeal, 

John Brannon, 

Josiah Brackett, 

Phinehas Collar, 

Thomas Dakin, 

James Fuller, 

Stephen Ludlow, 

James Phillips, 

Landon Sawyer. 



Names of Officers of the Pennsylvania Line engaged in the Re- 
cruiting Service, the Names of the Regiments recruited, a~sd 
the Amount paid for Recruiting. 



Nicholas Housaker, Colonel German Regiment £825 

Col. William Cook, 12th Pa. Regiment, recruiting in 1776 2625 



226 OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 

Lieut. Colonel George Nagle, recruiting Col. Irvine's Regiment in 1776. 1500 

Capt. Matthew Henderson, do. same Regiment in 1776 75 

Col. Jos. Wood & Capt. Hellings, do. his Regiment in 1776 187 

Capt. John Davis, do. do. do 75 

Col. Thomas Hartley, do. 7th Regiment, do 1125 

Col. Francis Johnston, do. 4th Regiment, do 375 

Lieut. Amos Wilkinson, do. Col. de Haas 1 Regiment in 1776 200 

Lieut. Samuel Talbert, do. do. do. 187 

Lieut. William Moore, do. do. do. 75 

Col. Eneas McCoy, do. 8th Pa. Regiment, do. 3000 

Capt. Stephen Bayard, do. 3d Pa. Regiment, do. 375 

Capt. Robert Connelly, do. 4th Pa. Regiment, do. 112 

Capt. Stephen Bayard, do. Col. Wood's Regiment, do. 375 

Lieut. Colonel George Nagle, do. Col. Irvine's Regiment, do. 187 

Lieut. Thomas Boude, do. Col. Wayne's Regiment, do. 112 

Capt. Robert Connolly, do. Col.Cadwallader'sRegt.,do. 535 

Col. William Cook, do. his own Regiment, do. 750 

Lieut. Thomas B. Bowen, do. service in 1777 375 

Capt. William Gray, do. Col.Cadwallader'sRegt.,do. 337 

Major Francis Nichols, do. 1st Regiment, do. 75 

Capt. James Parr, do. do. do. 75 

Lieut. Colonel Henry Beeker, do. 6th Pa. Regiment, do. 750 

Capt. Benjamin Bird, do. Col.Cadwallader's Regt.,do. 375 

Col. Samuel Cadwallader, do. his own Regiment, do. 1500 

Capt. Jeremiah Talbott, do. 7th Pa. Regiment, do. 93 

Capt. Francis Nichols, do. 9th Pa. Regiment, do. 187 

Major Persifor Frazer, do. 4th Pa. Regiment, do. 375 

Major Samuel Benezett, do. 6th Pa. Regiment, do. 1500 

Capt. Caleb North, do. 4th Pa. Regiment, do. 375 

Capt. John Pugh, do. 2d Pa. Regiment, do. 658 

Capt. Alex. Ramsey, do. his Independent Co., do. 112 

Lieut. Colonel David Grier, do. 7th Pa. Regiment, do. 4500 

Lieut. Colonel William Butler, do. 4th Pa. Regiment, do. 1500 

Major Meriam Lamar, do. do. do. 937 

Col. Adam Hubley, do. 10th Pa. Regiment, do. 937 

Capt. James Lang, do. service, do. 375 

Capt. William Oldham, do. 5th Pa. Regiment, do. 375 

Col. James Chambers, do. 1st Pa. Regiment, do. 1500 

Capt. Michael Hoofnagle, do. 8th Pa. Regiment, do. 112 

Col. Thomas Craig, do. 3d Pa. Regiment, do. 281 

Lieut. Archibald Campbell, do. 6th Pa. Regiment, do. 300 

Capt. John Riley, do. service, do. 150 

Capt. Jacob Humphreys, do. 6th Pa. Regiment, do. 187 

Major Samuel Benezett, do. do. do. 187 

Capt. Samuel Williams, do. 13th Pa. Regiment, do. 18 

Capt. John Harris, do. 12th Pa. Regiment, do. 368 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 227 

Major De Ottendorff, for his pay as Adjutant in 1776 £75 

Lieut. B. Neilly, for recruiting service in 1779 $800 

Capt. Van Swearingen, do. do 2200 

Capt. Samuel Dawson, do. do 1760 

Paid by Colonel Daniel Brodhead. 

Joseph Skelton, his pay as Assist. Com. Purchases in 1779 880 

Caleb Calvin, his pay as Indian Interpreter, do 74 

John Montour, do. do. do 115 

William Cooper, Ensign, for recruiting, do S040 

William Brady, his pay as Indian Interpreter, do 1100 

Charles Bradford, his pay as Assistant Qr. Mr., do 1100 



Names and Rank of the Officers and Privates of Captain John C. 
Jones' Company of the 7th Maryland Regiment, commanded by 
Col. John Gunby, as it stood June 1, 1778. 



John C. Jones, Captain. 
Wm. Lamar, First-lieutenant. 
Wm. Adams, Second do. 
Geoge Ford, Sergeant. 



Richard Bryan, Corporal. 
James Johnson, do. 
Richard Harrison, Fifer. 



Privates. 



Benjamin Fitzgerald, 
Charles Ramsey, 
Joseph Hart, 
James McGurk, 
Alexander Ross, 
Benjamin Annis, 
Richard Dixon, 
John Jeans, 



William Parker, 
Ignatius Wheeler, 
William Love, 
Walter Maddox, 
William Barrett, 
Samuel Purnell, 
Thomas Wright, 
Joseph Finch. 



Names, Rank, and Dates of Commissions of the Officers of Capt. 
William Brown's Maryland Artillery, with a List of the Pri- 
vates, as it stood from Nov. 22, 1777, to Feb. 5, 1778. 

William Brown, Captain. Commissioned November 22, 1777. 

James Smith, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned November 22, 1777. 

James McFadden, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 22, 1777. 

Clement Skerritt, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned February 5, 177s. 
Appointed Quartermaster December 6, 1779. 



228 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Non-commissioned Officers who joined the Company Nov. 22, 1777, 
Sergeants for Three Years. 



Thomas Collins, 
John Staples, 
James Adams, 



Henry Slack, 
Thomas Barber, 
Patrick Corcoran. 



Corporals for Three Tears. 



Thomas Carpenter, 
Charles Sutton, 
Charles Steward, 

Drum and Fife for 
James Brooks, | 



William Roebuck, 
Hans Adams, 
William Brady. 
Three Years. 
John Carroll. 



Bombardiers for Three Years. 



Arthur Carnes, 
Thomas Fanning, 
John Radcliff, 



George Baker, 
Tamer Spencer, 
Matthew Adams, 



Gunners for Three Yean 



Michael Hawke, 
William Jones, 
William Bright, 

Matrosses for Tliree 
John Evans, 
Thomas Smith, 
Darby Spelcy, 
William Hickinson, 
Philip O'Brian, 
Michael Hughes, 
James Moril, 
John Fearall, 
Robert Campbell, 
Francis Popham, 
John Dixon, 
Jonathan Gill, 
John Brigham, 
Joseph Poague, 
Daniel Havey, 
Peter Lawrence, 
Patrick Coursey, 
Henry Higgs, 
Benjamin Patmore, 
John Vaughn, 
Jerrard Tippelt, 
Mays Neville, 



Thomas Condrall, 
James Simmons, 
Michael O'Bryan. 
Years. 
John Burke, 
John Connelly, 
James Carwin, 
John Rhodes, 
Joseph Deale, 
John Slack, 
John Saunders, 
Francis Johnson, 
Ignatius Butler (negro), 
William Johnson, 
Reuben Scott, 
James Welch, 
Ignatius Griffln, 
James Cole, 
Charles Dowde, 
James Whaling, 
Thomas Carter, 
James Royston, 
James Compton, 
Hugh Champlain, 
David Young, 
Timothy Connolly. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



229 



John Reynolds, 
Isaac Burton, 
William Dyer, 
John Walker, 
Charles Groome, 
William Connolly, 
Robert Smith, 
Mark Goldsborough, 
John Fitzgerald, sen., 
John Fitzgerald, jun. 
Charles Murat, 
James Ford, 
William Davis, 



John Lynch, 
Thomas Wilson, 
John Folks, 
John Head, 
Joshua Lovely, 
James Taylor, 
Edward Jefferson, 
Daniel Frazier, 
James Clark, 
John Traner, 
Dennis Minor, 
Richard Page, 
(Deserted Jan. 4, 1778.) 



Oapt. William Brown's Company of Maryland Artillery, as it stood 

on the High Hills of the Santee, Aug. 1, 1781. 
William Brown, Captain. On command at Camden. Superintending the 

Hospital since July 18, 1781. 
James Smith, Captain-lieutenant. 
James McFadden, First-lieutenant. 

Clement Skerritt, Second-lieutenant. On furlough to Maryland. 
John Carson, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned May 1, 1779. Transferred 

to Captain Singleton January 1, 1781. 

Sergeants. 



Henry Slack, 
Charles Steward, 
John Slack, 

Michael Hawke, 
Thomas Condron, 
James Royston, 
John Radcliff, 

Michael O'Brian, 
Philip O'Brian, 

James Welch, 
James Morel, 

Peter Mayner, 



Corporals. 



Bombardiers. 



Gunners. 



John Vaughn, 
Thomas Barber.] 



Thomas Fanning, 
Lemuel J. Nelmes, 
Tamolin Spencer. 



William Jones. 



James Whalen. 



Drum and Fife. 

I 



James Brooks. 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Matrosses. 



Thomas Brown, 
Isaac Burton, 
Arthur Carnes, 
John Fitzgerald, jr., 
Jonathan Gill, 
Henry Higgs, 
Daniel Havey, 
Francis Johnston, 
Robert Livingston, 
Joshua Lovely, 
John Reynolds, 
Peter Lawrence, 
James Clark, 
John Evans, 
Joseph Pogue, 
Robert Myers, 

(From Jan. 1, 1781.) 
John Sellman, 

(From Jan. 30, 1781.) 
William Stalker, 
Robert Smith, 
David Young, 
Reuben Scott, 
Timothy Connolly, 



William Davis, 

Charles Groome, 

John Head, 

Charles Muret, 

Thomas Smith, 

Charles Sutton, 

James Simonds, 

Peter Robinson , 

Benjamin Patmore. 

James Navin, 

Mays Nevin, 

William Moran, 

Edward Hennessy, 

John Fitzgerald, sen., 

James Henry, 
(Joined Jan. 13, 1781.) 

John Oilman, 
(Joined Jan. 13, 1781.) 

Ignatius Butler, 

Francis Popham, 
(Killed at Augusta.) 

Thomas Stanley, Cadet. 

(Died Aug. 6, 1781.) 



Note.— Captain Brown's Company was located at Valley Forge until 
June, 1778 ; at White Plains, July 1778 ; at Fort Schuyler, August and Septem- 
ber, 1780 ; at High Hills of the Santee, in August, 1781 ; at Col. Scirvins, Jan- 
uary, 1782; and at Bacon's Bridge, S. C„ in April, 1782. 



Names, Rank, and Dates of Commissions of the Officers of Capt. Rich- 
ard Dorsey's Company of Maryland Artillery, with a List of 
the Privates, as it stood at Valley Forge June 3, 1778. 

Richard Dorsey, Captain. Commissioned May 4, 1777. 

Ebenezer Finley, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned July 4, 1777. 

Robert Wilmott, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 24, 1777. 

Nicholas Ricketts, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned December 1, 1777. 

Young Wilkinson, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned February 25, 177&. 
Sergeants for One Year. 



Samuel Thompson, 
John Howard, 
David Walsh, 



John Wheeler, 
James Rice, 
Robert Thompson. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



231 



Corporals for One Year. 



Thomas Neilson, 
Philip Jones, 
David White, 



William Delaney, 
Thomas Smith, 
John Wilkins. 



Drummer, Henry Kelliker. 
Bombardiers for One Year. 



John Pierson, 
David Maroney, 



Alexander McMullan, 
John Clarke. 



Gunners for One Year. 



Timothy Donovan, 
Daniel Donogue, 
John Turner, 



Thomas Grainger, 
John Brady, 
John Ackerly. 



Matrosses for One Year. 



Dennis Plannegan, 
Edward Coughland, 
James Berry, 
Patrick Shoughness, 
John Bryant, 
John Jallome, 
John Sandall, 
Howel Lewis, 
William Grimes, 
William Reed, 
William Day, 
William Wade, 
Frederick Pine, 
Andrew Shrink, 
Roger O'Donald, 
Robert Britt, 
John Fitzpatrick, 



Hugh McDowell 
Richard Wilkinson, 
Daniel Redden, 
Freeman Newman, 
Matthew Kelly, 
Daniel Neil, 
James Jack, 
Thomas Randall, 
Michael Connor, 
Thomas Pierce, 
Mathew McMahan, 
John Taylor 
Stephen Fennel, 
John Handlin, 
William Forbes, 
Bryan Ferrel, 



Capt. Richard Dorsky's Company of Maryland Artillery, as it 

stood in " Camp Col. Scirvin's," Jan. 28, 1782. 
Richard Dorsey, Captain. Prisoner of War, on parole in Maryland. 
James Smith, Captain-lieutenant. Joined from Captain Brown's Company, 

December 24, 1781. 
Ebenezer Finley, Captain-lieutenant. 

Robert Wilmott, First-lieutenant. On furlough in Maryland. 
James Bacques, do. do. do. 

Nicholas Ricketts, Second-lieutenant. do. do. 



232 



OFFICERS AXD PRIVATES 



Young Wilkinson , Second-lieutenant. Sick in hospital at Boon's Plantation. 
Isaac Rawlins, do. On furlough in Maryland. 

John Cheever, do. do. do. 



Sergeants for the War, 



Jesse Thompson, 
William Rawlins, 
James Hatton, 
William Cornwall, 



Corporals for the 



James Hammond, 
William Hutton, 



Samuel Carter. 
Richard Lewis, 
William Morgan, 

War, 

Rawleigh Spinks, 



Bombardiers for the War. 



Dennis McCormac, 
William Hillen, 



William Dixon, 
John Clark, Gunner. 



Drum and Fife. 



Thomas Williams, 
Elisha Redman, 



Thomas Patten, 
Peter Davis, 



Hatrosses for the War. 



Perregrine Askew, 
Michael Connor, 
Thomas Gleeson, 
Cornelius Harling, 
John Ireland, 
Philip Masterson, 
James Neale, 
Michael O'Farrell, 
John Payne, 
Thomas Bowler, 
John Compton, 
Philip Jones, 
John Clark, 



John Prout, 
Thomas Redman, 
Thomas Randall, 
Bennet Rayley, 
Andrew Shrink, 
John Sandall, 
Edward Berry, 
Benedict Johnson, 
John Stanley, 
John Smith, 
Daniel Redden, 
Hugh McDowell, 
John Owens. 



Names and Rank of the Officers and Privates to whom deprecia- 
tion ON THEIR PAY WAS MADE UP BY THE STATE OF MARYLAND, THB 
TIME PAID FOR, AND THE AMOUNT PAID. 

For Service from £. s. d. 

John B. Ains worthy, private April 22, 177", to Aug. 1, 1780 81 10 4 

Robert Britt, Matross Jan. 1, 1777, to Aug. 1, 1780 104 5 3 

Mountjoy Bailey, Captain Jan. 1, 1777, to Sept. 14, 1780 205 12 



OP THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



8. 0. 

i 17 9 



For Service from 

Joshua Broughton, private Jan. 1, 1777, to Dec. 31, 1779. 

Thomas Burrows, private Jan. 1, 1777, to April 4, 1777... 3 2 4 

Thomas Boarman, private June 15, 1779, to Aug. 1, 1780... 31 17 5 

James Carvin, private Dec. 4, 1776, to Dec. 10, 1779. ... 69 11 5 

Nicholas Cissell, private Jan. 27, 1780, to Aug. 1, 1780.... 15 1 8 

Mordecai Cooley, private April 26, 1779, to Aug. 1, 1780. 35 15 5 

Robert Cooley, private May 20, 1778, to Oct. 6, 1778 8 13 

William Carroll, private Mar. 20, 1777, to Jan. 20, 1779. . . 40 9 1 

Philip Culloch, Private Jan. 1, 1777, to Oct. 1, 1777 13 12 9 

Bartholomew Callahan, private Dec. 1776, to Dec. 6, 1779 68 2 

Michael Connor, Sergeant Jan. 29, 1777, to Jan. 29, 1780 ... 82 14 11 

Cornelius Downey, Corporal Jan. 15, 1777, to June 28, 1778. . 30 15 6 

Hugh Doyle, Sergeant Dec. 6, 1776, to Dec. 9. 1779. . . 84 4 8 

Thomas Davis, private Mar. 7, 1777, to Aug. 1, 1780 84 16 8 

John Donent, private April 2-!, 1777, to April 28, 1780. 73 17 8 

Dennis Downey, private Mar. 13, 1777, to April 1, 1780. . . 75 12 4 

Edward Edwards, Ensign Dec. 10, 1776, to Nov. 1, 1777.... 42 5 

Benjamin Freshwater, private June 1, 1779, to Aug. 1, 1780 .... 38 9 6 

John Gill, private Mav 21. 1777, to Feb. 1, 1779.... 38 5 4 

Leonard Gates, private June 1, 1778, to Aug. 1, 1780 .... 58 8 4 

John Hartlove, private Dec. 10, 1776, to Aug. 1, 1780. . . . 

Samuel Hamilton, Sergeant Dec. 10, 1776, to May 27, 1779. . . 

Andrew Hagerty, Fifer Mar. 13, 1777, to Mar. 13,1780.. 

Jacob Hazlewood, private Aug. 9. 1776, to Aug. 9, 1779. . . . 55 12 10 

William Harper, private Mar. 19, 1778, to Jan. 9. 1779.... 19 7 9 

John Hall, private Mar. 18, 1778, to Jan. 24, 1779.. 20 9 10 

Thomas Jones, private May 1. 1777, to Aug. 1. 1780 8111 8 

Benjamin Johnson, private Oct. 9, 1778, to Aug. 1, 1780 50 1 4 

James Jones, Drummer April 20, 1779, to Aug. 1.1780.. 39 19 5 

Lewis Jones, Fifer A pril 5, 1779, to Dec. 1, 1779 . . . . 19 16 7 

Benjamin Kidwell, private May 26, 1778, to Aug. 1, 1780.... 58 15 

Patrick Kelly, Corporal Jan. 1, 1777, to July 24, 1779 .... 64 15 

John Kline, private Oct. 12, 1776, to Oct 12,1779.... 62 17 9 

George Kelly, private Mar. 14, 1777, to April 14, 1780. . 74 18 4 

Robert Livingston, Matross Nov. 1 , 1779, to Aug. 1, 1780 .... 27 7 1 

Francis W. Luckett, Corporal Dec. 10, 1776, to April 16, 1778. . 27 2 1 

John Lanham, private Dec. 10, 1776, to Dec. 27, 1779.. . . 68 13 2 

David Lawler, private Feb. 5, 1777, to Aug. 1, 1780 .... 85 6 

Martin Mudd, Sergeant May 10, 1777, to May 27, 1778... 37 1 8 

.HenryMudd, Corporal May 21, 1777, to Nov. 1, 1777.... 9 9 6 

Daniel Mclntire, private Jan. 1, 1777, to Aug. 1, 1780 86 

Ennals Martin, Surgeon's Mate J une 1, 1777, to Feb. 16, 1780. . . 475 10 » 

Jacob Miller, private July 20, 1776, to July 20, 1779 . . 56 15 3 

John Mails, private July 1, 1777, to July 31, 1780. .. . 78 11 8 

Frederick Mire, private Dec. 10, 1776, to Dec. 27, 1779. . . 68 13 2 



86 
70 16 2 
79 9 8 



234 OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 

For Service from £. s. d. 

Barney McManus, private Jan. 1, 1777, to Aug. 1, 1780 86 

Ignatius Martin, private Mar. 18, 1777, to Aug. 27, 1777. . 8 5 

Moses McNew, private Dec. 10, 1776, to Aug. 1, 1780.... 86 

Walter Maddox, private Mar. 9, 1777, to June 28, 1778. . . 30 4 4 

James Murphy, private Mar. 18, 1778, to July 20, 1778. . . 8 2 

Andrew Malone, private Jan. 10, 1777, to Jan. 10, 1780. . . 75 8 5 

William Ormond, private May 1, 1777, to July 5, 1778 25 7 1 

David Plunkett, Capt. of Dragoons.... Jan. 20, 1777, to Mar. 1, 1779... 343 9 10 

William Parsons, private April 20, 1777, to Aug. 1, 1780... 82 1 8 

John Pickering, private Feb. 13, 1778, to Aug. 1, 1780.... 65 9 8 

Jacob Palmer, private May 5, 1779, to Aug. 1, 1780 35 1 1 

Benjamin Posey, private Oct. 10, 1777, to Feb. 23, 1779.... 32 9 6 

James Quay, private Feb. 15, 1778, to July 16, 1779. . . 35 7 2 

Henry.Quiggins, private May 30, 1777, to Nov. 16, 1777... 9 3 2 

John Richardson, Drummer ... Mar. 15, 1780, to Aug. 1, 1780. .. 12 6 5 

Jacob Strapp, private Feb. 24, 1777, to Feb. 24, 1780. . . 72 2 

John Sheridine, private Mar. 6, 1777, to Mar. 2, 1780 71 17 9 

William Spaulding, private ...Jan. 1, 1778, to Nov. 26, 1778.... 21 10 3 

Clement Sewell, Ensign Mar. 4, 1777, to Sept. 14, 1777. . . 63 17 1 

William Spalding, private June 1, 1777, to Dec. 31, 1777... 1114 2 

Alexander Scott, Sergeant Dec. 8, 1776, to Dec. 8, 1779 92 19 

Elisha Steel, private Feb. 24, 1777, to Feb. 20, 1780. . . 73 6 2 

Roger Skifflngton, private Jan. 10, 1778, to Aug. 1, 1780.... 67 15 

Daniel Skelly, Corporal Dec. 6, 1776, to Dec. 6. 1779. . 76 

Robert Tongue, private June 6, 1778, to Aug. 1, 1780.... 58 10 

Thomas Taylor, private Mar. 19, 1778, to Oct. 1, 1778.... 12 11 4 

William Taylor, Sergeant Mar. 1,1777, to Jan. 26, 1779.... 59 2 8 

Samuel Taylor, Fifer April 22, 1778, to Aug. 1, 1780. . . 67 6 2 

Zephaniah Williams, private May 2, 1778, to Aug. 1, 1780 60 7 

Thomas Yates, Matross I.Jan. 1,1777, to Aug. 1, 1780 82 3 2 



Names, Rank, and Dates of Commissions of the Officers of the 
Five Regiments of Maryland, as they stood June 1, 1781. 
first regiment. 
Otho H. Williams, Colonel. Commissioned January 1, 1777. 
John Stewart, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned February 10, 1781. 
John Eccleston, Major. Commissioned December 10, 1777. 
Captains. 



Commissioned. 
Jonathan Sellman, Jan. 10, 1777. 
Edward Teal], June 10, 1777. 



Commissioned. 
William Reily, Oct. 13, 1777. 

John Sprigg Belt, Dec. 15, 1777. 



OP THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



235 



Christian Orendorf, 
Richard Bird, 
George Armstrong, 



Commissioned. 
April 1,1778. 
June 12, 1780. 
Feb. 11,1780. 

Lieutenants 



Lloyd Beall, 
Thomas B. Hugo, 



Commissioned. 
Feb. 10,1781 
June 12, 1781. 



William Lamar, 
James Ewing, 
Jas. John Skinner, 
Isaac Duvall, 
John Hamilton, 
William Woolford, 
William Raison, 
Joshua Burgess, 



Hezekiah Ford, 
John J. Lowe, 
Edward M. Smith, 
Samuel Edmiston, 
John Truman, 
Richard Pindell, Surgeon 
Hezekiah Bayne, Mate. 



Aug. 16,1780. 
Jan. 20,1781. 
Feb. 19,1781. 
Mar. 14,1781. 
Mar. 16,1781. 



Nov. 15,1777. 
May 29,1778. 
Sept. 18,1778. 
April 10, 1779. 
June 1, 1779. 
Sept. 11, 1779. 
Jan. 26,1780. 
Mar. 11,1780. 

SECOND REGIMENT. 

John Gunby, Colonel. Commissioned April 17, 1777. 
John Eager Howard, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned March 11, 1779. 
John Dean, Major. Commissioned March 11, 1779. 
Captains. 



Alexander Trueman, Jan. 1, 1777 
Jonathan Morris, April 14, 1777 
Walker Muse, 
William Wilmott, 
John Jordan, 



June 10, 1777. 
Oct. 15,1777. 
Dec. 26,1777. 

Lieutenants. 



Thomas Mason, 

John Gassaway, 

Adam Hooper, 



June 8, 1779. 
April 2, 1780. 
Mar. 16, 1781. 



Samuel McPherson, April 25, 1781. 



Edward Dyer, Sept. 10, 1780. 

John A. Hamilton, Feb. 1, 1778. 
Christop'r Richmond, May 27, 1778. 

William Adams, June 8, 1779. 
Nicholas Gassaway, 

Arthur Harris, Oct. 26,1779. 

Thomas Price, Feb. 11, 1780. 



William Murdock. 
Zedekiah Moore, 
Mark McPherson, 
Jacob Crawford, 
William Smoot, 
James Arthur, 
Walter Warneld, Surgeon 



April 1,1780. 
Sept. 10,1780. 
Jan. 1, 1781. 
Feb. 20,1781. 
Mar. 16, 1781. 



THIRD REGIMENT. 

Peter Adams, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned August 1, 1779. 
Henry Hardman, Major. Commissioned 29, 1779. 
Thomas Lansdale, Major. Commissioned February 19, 1781. 
Captains. 



Henry Dobson, 
Joseph Marbury, 
Lilburn Williams, 
Robert Chesley, 
John Smith, 



Jan. 10.1777. 
Jan. 1, 1777. 
April 16, 1777. 
June 10, 1777. 
Nov. 9,1777. 



James W. Gray, 
Edward Spurrier, 
Benjamin Price, 
Richard Waters, 



Dec. 25,1777- 
May 20,1779. 
July 1, 1779. 
April 7,1779. 



23G 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 





Lieutenants. 






Commissioned. 




Commissioned. 


Francis Revelly, 


April 15, 1777. 


William Pendergast, Oct. 29, 1779. 


James Gould, 


Mar. 11,1778. 


Henry Baldwin, 


Feb. 11,1780. 


James Winchester, 


May 27,1778. 


David Lucket, 


April 7,1780. 


Philip Reid, 


Oct. 13, 1778. 


Walter Dyer, 


Sept. 5,1780. 


John Hartshorn, 


May 21,1779. 


Nathan Wright, 


Jan. 1, 1781. 


Regnal Hillary, 


July 15,1779. 


John Boone, 


April 12, 1781. 


Philip Hill, 




Levin Denwood, 


Surgeon. 



FOURTH REGIMENT. 

Thomas Woolford, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned October 23, 11 
Levin Winder, Major. Commissioned April 17, 1777. 
Alexander Roxburg, Major. Commissioned April 7, 1780. 

Captains. 



John Lynch, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


George Hamilton, 


Jan. 


25, 1778. 


Jacob Brice, 


do. 


David Lynn, 


May 


22, 1779. 


Henry Gaither, 


April 17, 1777. 


John Mitchell, 


July 


15, 1779. 


John C. Jones, 


Sept. 20,1777. 


Jonathan Gibson, 


May 


1, 1780. 


Richard Anderson, 


Nov. 15, 1777. 










Lieutenants. 






Nicholas Mangers, 


April 15, 1779. 


Nathan Smith, 


Sept. 


15, 1779. 


James Simmes, 


May 27,1778. 


Edmund Compton, 


Feb. 


18, 1730. 


Peter Hartcastle, 


Sept. 14, 1778. 


Joshua Rutledge, 


May 


1, 1780. 


Benjamin Garnett, 


Oct. 13, 1780. 


John Brevett, 


Sept. 


20, 1780. 


William Stoddert, 


May 21,1779. 


John McCoy, 


Jan. 


1, 1781. 


Lavasha De la Van Brunne. 


Robert Hatherston, 


Apri 


25, 1781. 


(His widow was 


pensioned un- 


Henry Gassaway, 


May 


13, 1781 


der the act of July 4, 1836, and 


William Kelty, Surgeon. 




died in 1837.) 











FIFTH REGIMENT. 

Benjamin Ford, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned — 
John Davidson, Major. Commissioned January 12, 1781. 
Benjamin Brooke, Major. Commissioned March 16, 1781. 

Captains. 



William D. Beall, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Perry Benson, 


Mar. 


25, 1778. 


John Smith, 


do. 


James Somerville, 


June 


1, 1779. 


Edward Oldham, 


May 20, 1777. 


William Bruce, 


Aug. 


1, 1779. 


Horatio Clagett, 


Oct. 10,1777. 


Edward Edgerly, 


Sept. 


10, 1779. 


John Gale, 


Dec. 10,1777. 









OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



237 



Lieutenants 
Commissioned, 
James Bruff, Oct. 7, 177 

Gassaway Watkins, Sept. 14, 177 



Jacob Norris, Nov. 26, 1778 

John Lynn, June 1, 1779 

Samuel Hanson, Aug. 1, 1779 

Thomas Rouse, 

Robert Denny, Jan. 3, 1780 

Colonel Josiah Carvil Hall, Lieutenant-colonel Nathaniel Ramsey, and 
Lieutenant-colonel Edward Tillard, became supernumerary on the 1st of 
Jan., 1781. 



Benjamin Tickle, 
Roger Nelson, 
Thomas Boyd, 
John Sears, 
Henry Clements,' 
Adam Jamieson, 



Commissioned. 
Feb. 19, 1780. 
July 5, 1780. 
Jan. 1, 1781. 

do. 
April 25, 1781. 
June 1, 1781. 



Officers of the Maryland Part of the German Battalion. 

Lodowick Weltner, Lieut. Colonel. Commissioned August 9, 1777. 

Charles Baltzell, Captain. Commissioned May 10, 1777. 

Christopher Myers, do. 

Michael Boyer, do. 

Martin Sugart, Lieutenant. 

Jacob Gomath, do. 

David Morgan, do. 

Jacob Reybold, Ensign. 

Alexander Smith, Surgeon. 



do. 


March 12, 1778. 


do. 


May 25, 1778. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


January 4, 177 


do. 


April 8, 1778. 


do. 


July 24, 1778. 


do. 


August — , 177* 



Officers of the Maryland Flying Camp, in 177 
Rezin Beall, Brigadier-general. 

FIRST BATTALION. 

Charles G. Griffith, Colonel. 
Henry Shryock, Lieut. Colonel. | Peter Mantz, Major. 

Captains. 



Edward Burgess, 
Leonard Deakins, 
Benjamin Spiker, 
Philip Marony, 

John Gaither, 
Thomas Nowland, 
Greenberry Gaither, 
Elisha Beall, 
John B. Thompson. 



Lieutenants, 



Jacob Good, 
Eneas Campbell, 
John Reynolds, 
Henry Hardman. 

Adam Grosh, 
Clement Holliday, 
Moses Chapline, 
Daniel Stull, 
Thaddeus Beall. 



238 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Elisha Williams, 
Richard Anderson, 
John Hellen, 
John Chiseline, 

Thomas Edniundson, 
John Griffith, 
Nicholas Schybert, 
William Beatty, jun., 
John Smith, 



Ensigns. 



Peter Adams, 
John C. Jones, 
Christian Orendorf, 
Peter C. Hanson. 

John Richardson, 
David Lynn, 
Nathan Williams, 
John Rench. 



SKCUNn BATTALION. 



Josiah Carvil Hall, Colonel. 
William Hyde, Lieut. Colonel. 

Zachariah McCubbin, 
John Eager Howard, 
John Stevenson, 



Captains. 



John Craddock, Major. 
Isaac Guest, Quartermaster. 

James Young, 
Aquilla Paca, 
Bennet Bussy. 



Lieutenants. 



Thomas Yeates, 
Thomas Lansdale, 
Edward Oldham, 
James Bond, 
John B. Hall, 
Joshua Miles, 



Thomas Lingan, 
Robert Morrow, 
Joseph Lewis, 



Ensigns. 



Michael Gilbert, 
John Christie, 
William Riely, 
James Oglebie, 
John Smith, 1 
Asahel Hitchcock. 



James Tool, 
John Patterson, 
Aquilla Arnos. 



Thomas Ewing, Colonel. 
John Addison, Lieut. Colonel 
James Eden, Major. 

Uriah Forrest, 
Thomas Hanson, 
Belair Posey, 
John Brook, 
John H. Lowe, 
James Disney, 



THIRD BATTALION. 

John Dorsey, Surgeon. 

William Parran, Quartermaster. 



Captains. 



Robert Bowie, 
Alexander H. Magruder, 
Edward Norwood, 
Edward Tillard, 
Daniel Dorsey, 
Thomas Hammond. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



239 



Lieutenants. 



Frederick Skinner, 
John M. Burgess, 
Benjamin Brooks, 
William S- Bowie. 
Samuel Godman, 
Samuel L. Chew, 
Joseph Burgess, 
Henry Ridgely, 
Thomas Mayo, 

James Somerville, 
Horatio Clagett, 
William Shircliff, 
Alexander Trueman, 
Richard Talbott, 



Ensigns. 



Nathaniel Willson, 
William Duvall, 
William D. Beall, 
Benjamin Contee, 
John W. Dorsey, 
John S. Belt, 
John Lorah, 
Jonathan Sellman, 
Joshua Meriken, 

John Kilty, 
Michael Burgess, 
Edward Spurrier, 
Andrew Hammond. 



lolUTH HATTALION. 



William Richardson, Colonel. 
Joseph Earle, Lieut. Colonel. 
Robert Campbell, Adjutant. 

Joshua George, 
Walter Alexander, 
Isaac Perkins, 
Thomas Smyth, 
Philip Fiddeman, 



William Hopewell, Major. 
Samuel Edmunson, Qr. Master. 



Captains. 



Lieutenants. 



William Veasy, 
Andrew Porter, 
Andrew Falconer, 
James Williamson, 
John Hawkins, 
Thomas L. Emory, 
Woolman Gibson, 
Thomas W. Lockerman, 
Henry Downs, jr., 
Berkit Falcon, 

Richard Bird, 
George Hamilton, 
James Henry, 



Ensigns 



John Dean, 
John Dames, 

Greenberry Goldsborough, 
Zabdiel Potter, 
Thomas Burk, 

John Stockton, 
Harman Arrants, 
Jesse Cosden, 
Nathaniel Kinnard, 
John Neville, 
Samuel w. Thomas, 
John Thomas, jr., 
Levin Handy, 
John Reynolds, 
John Lynch. 

Josiah Johnston 
Thomas Mason, 
Samuel Earle. 



240 



OFFICERS A AD PRIVATES 



John Jackson, 
Perry Benson, 



Philip Casson, 
James W. Gray. 



Note.— The writer is indebted to the History of Maryland by James 
McSherry, Esq., for the foregoing Maryland officers— that gentleman, and 
Messrs. Murphy & Co., publishers, of Baltimore, having kindly permitted 
me to copy them. 



Names and Rank of the Maryland Rifle Companies under Lieut. 
Col. Moses Rawlings, as they stood May 31, 1777. 



FIRST COMPANY 

Alex. Lawson Smith. Captain. 
William Bradford, Lieutenant. 
John Thompson, Sergeant. 
Matthew Alexander, do. 



William Andrews, 
Josias Kimball, 
Samuel Power, 
John Cooper, 
Patrick McCann, 
John Debruler, 
Charles Baker, 
John Coltman, 
Thomas Smith, 
Abraham Watson, 
James Dennison, 

Philip Griffith, Captain. 
Adamson Tannehill, Lieutenant. 



Joshua Saunders, Sergeant- 
Isaac Rose, Corporal. 
John Howe, do. 
Thomas Lively, Fif er. 

Riflemen. 

Henry Rowlin, 
William Catterill, 
John Leviston, 
William Pritchard, 
John Irons, 
William Cooper, 
Jesse Corbitt, 
Thomas Dearmott, 
Reuben Ross, 
John Crocket, 
Patrick Quinn. 

SECOND COMPANY. 

I Elijah Evans, Lieutenant. 



Riflemen. 



John Carr, 
Joshua Burton, 
John Johnston, 

Richard Davis, Captain. 
John McBride, Drummer, 
Patrick Kirby, Private. 



Peter Dyche, 
Patrick Lemon. 



THIRD COMPANY. 

John Burk, Private. 



Jonathan Shepard. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 24t 



FOURTH COMPANY. 



Thomas Bell, Captain. 
John Ford, Corporal. 

James Ferguson, do. 
Bryan Davenport, Private. 



William Batton, 
Peter Trust, 
Patrick Collins, 
Charles Saffell. 



Note.— These rifle companies were present at the attack on Fort Wash- 
ington, on the 16th November, 1776, by the English forces under Sir William 
Howe. For some considerable length of time, the deadly Are of these rifle- 
men, aided by a three-gun battery, kept the left column of the Hessians and 
Waldeckers, under General Knyphausen, entirely at bay. At length, their 
rifles becoming so foul from incessant firing, they were compelled to give 
ground. The fort was, after a desperate resistance on the part of the 
Americans, surrendered to the British, who took about2,800 American pris- 
oners, among whom were many of these riflemen, which circumstances so 
thinned their ranks, that in the summer of 1777 they were incorporated 
into other companies. 



Names, Rank, Dates of Commissions, and time of Enlistment of the 
Field, Staff, Non-commissioned Officers, and Privates of Col. 
Charles Harrison's Virginia and Maryland Regiment of Artil- 
lery, as it stood from Nov. 30, 1776. to April, 1783. 

Charles Harrison, Colonel. Commissioned Nov. 30, 1776. Served to the end 
of the war. 

Edward Carrington, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned Nov. 30, 1776. 
Served to the end of the war. 

Christian Holmer, Major. Commissioned Nov. 30, 1776. Served to the end 
of the war. 

William Camp, Adjutant. Commissioned March 16, 1778. 

Richard Waters, Adjutant. Commissioned Sept. 21, 1778. Served as Lt. 
and Adjt. to the end of the war. 

Ambrose Bohannon, Paymaster. Commissioned June 1, 1778. Served as 
Lt. and Paymaster to the end of the war. 

Jervis Adams, Quartermaster. Commissioned Nov. 21, 1777. 

Clement Skerrett, do. 

Thomas Chrystie, Surgeon. 

Jonathan Calvert, Surgeon's Mate. 

Alex. Lajournade, do. 

Thomas Parr, Fife-major. 

Robert Hart, Drum-major, 

John Coale, Sergeant-major. 

Griffith Evans, Qr. Mr.'s Sergeant. 



do. 


June 6, 1779. 


do. 


April 1,1778. 


do. 


Nov. 30,1776. 


do. 


Mar. 15,1778. 


)inted 


Nov. 30,1776. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 



■H2 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Company No. 


1, AS 


IT STOOD 


at Valley Fokgb, Junk 3, 1778. 


William Pierce, 




Captain. 


Commissioned Nov. 30, 1776. 


Samuel Coleman, 


1st Lieut. 


do. 


June 15, 1778, 


Thomas Dix, 




do. 


do. 


Jan. 15, 1778. 


William Fraizer, 


Capt. Lieut. do. 


Nov. 30, 1776. 


Henry Punter, 




Sergeant. 


Appointed. 


June 17, 1777. 


Christopher Stoakes, 


Corporal. 


do. 


Jan. 30, 1777. 


Francis Ratlin*, 




do. 


do. 


Dec. 20, 1776. 


William Elliott 




Bombardier. do. 


Dec. 30, 1776. 


John May, 




do. 


do. 


Dec. 23, 1776. 


Hugh Robinson 


, 


Gunner. 


do. 


Dec. 20, 1776. 


John Harris, 




do. 


do. 


Nov. 8, 1776. 


William Fleming, 


do. 


do. 


Dec. 23, 1776. 


Isaac Freeman 




Drummer. 


do. 


Dec. 28, 1776. 




Matrosses foi 


TJiree Years. 






Enlisted. 




Enlisted. 


Holman Snead, 


Dec. 


31, 1776. 


Thomas Figg, 


Dec. 20,1777. 


Joseph Eaton, 


Jan. 


6, 1777. 


Richard Jenkins, Jan. 15,1777. 


Henry Shackelford, 


Dec. 


24, 1776. 


James Bray, 


Sept. 4,1777. 


James Garland, 


Dec. 


31, 1776. 


William Bartley, April 18, 1777. 


Mag. Shackleford, 


Dec. 


28, 1776. 


John Kelly, 


Sept. 19, 1777. 


John Bishard, 


Dec. 


31, 1776. 


William Kelly 


Jan. 19,1778. 


John Howard, 


Jan. 


16, 1777. 


William Walker, deserted. 


John Lutredge, 


Jan. 


1, 1777. 


James Morgan 


, sick in Virginia. 


Robert Belvin, 


Mar. 


23, 1777. 


John Hughes, Serg't, do. 


William Hart, 


Mar. 


18, 1777. 


Jesse Hughes, 


do. 


James Stewart, 


Mar. 


10, 1777. 


James Alexander, Corp., do. 


David Shelton, 


Apri 


L 20, 1777. 


Thomas Brooke, do. 


Presley Anderwig, 


June 


14, 1777. 


John Rosser, 


do. 



Note.— The above company was incorporated in Capt. Samuel Edden's. 
Company No. 2, as it stood at Valley Forge, June 3, 1778. 
Nathaniel Burwell, Captain, and Aid-de-Camp to Brigadier-general Robert 

Howe. Commissioned November 30, 1776. Served to the end of the war. 
John Blair, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned November 30, 1777. 
wniiam Camp, First-lieutenant. do. November, 30, 1777. 

William Stevenson, do. do. June 15, 1778. 

Thomas Grubbs, Sergeant. Appointed December 20, 1777. 



Samui 1 Cross, do. do. 

William Emmons, Corporal. do. 

Edward Shacklett, do. do. 

.lames Johnson, do. do. 

Burwell Bacon, Bombardier. do. 

Richard Routon, do. do. 



January 7, 1777. 
December 20, 1776. 
January 28, 1777. 
January 4, 1777. 
January 17, 1777. 
February 9, 1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



243 



Lewis St. John, 


Gunner. Appointed March 4, 1777. 


Richard Spratliff, 


do. 


do. December 20, 1777. 


Jesse Peal, 


Fifer. 


do. December 14, 1777. 


Thomas Wells, 


Drummer. do. December 24, 1777. 


Matrosses for Three Years. 




Enlisted. 




Enlisted. 


Thomas Chiming, Feb. 


11, 1777. 


Charles Lawman, 


Jan. 10,1777. 


Thomas Cross, June 


1, 1777. 


Elias Jones, 


Jan. 12,1777. 


Aaron Ball, Feb. 


4, 1777. 


John Jenkins, 


Jan. 15,1777. 


Alexander Childress, Feb. 


6, 1777 


Samuel Dyer, 


Jan. 2, 1777. 


John Harris, Jan. 


12,1777 


Benjamin Kidd, 


April 15, 1777. 


Thomas Elmore, Jan. 


7, 1777 


Major Callahan, 


Nov. 22,1777. 


William Hains, Feb. 


3, 1777 


Walker Williams, 


Jan. 28,1777. 


Thomas Alphin, Feb. 


3, 1777 


Edward Connolly, 


Dec. 20,1776. 


Abraham Pickett, Feb. 


9, 1777 


John Spencer, 


June 1, 1776. 


Reuben Hughes, Jan. 


14, 1777 


(Turned over to 1st Va. Reg't.) 


Francis Dyer, Feb. 


1, 1777 


Thomas Adderson, 


Jan. 20,1777 


John Bushiel, Feb. 


9, 1777 


(Deserted May 25, 


1778.) 


Charles Gunter, Feb. 


7, 1777 


Adam Smith. (Proved to be a de- 


Alexander Kersey, Mar. 


8, 1777 


serter from another regiment.) 



Capt. Nathaniel Burwell's Compact, as it stood at Smith's Clove. 
July 2, 1779. 
Nathaniel Burwell, Captain, and Aid to General Howe. 
John Blair, Captain-lieutenant. 
William Stevenson, First-lieutenant. 
( Samuel Cross, Sergeant. Appointed November 30, 1777. 
William Emmons, do. do. September 21, 1778. 

Edward Shacklett, do. do. March 1, 1779. 

James Johnson, Corporal and Artificer, in Philadelphia. 
Richard Routon, Corporal. Appointed September 1, 1778. 



Burwick Bacon, Bombadier, 
Lewis St. John, do. 

Richard Spratliff, do. 
Reuben Hughes, Gunner. 
Thomas Cross, do. 



do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

John Jenkins, Gunner and Wagoner. Appointed Sept. 1, 1778. 
Jesse Peal, Fifer. Appointed December 14, 1777. 
3Iat?-osses for Three Years. 



Thomas Chuning, 
Aaron Ball, 
Nathaniel Hughes, 



Enlisted. 
Feb. 11, 1777 
Feb. 4, 1777 
Feb. 14, 1777 



Enlisted. 

Alexander Childress, Jan. 6, 1777 

(Wagoner.) 
Thomas Alphin, Feb. 3, 1777 



244 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES. 



Enlisted 




Enlisted. 


Jan. 


12, 1777. 


Edward Taylor, 


Dec. 10,1776. 






John Bushell, 


Feb. 9, 1777. 


Feb. 


15, 1777. 


Charles Gunter, 


Feb. 7, 1777. 


Feb. 


9, 1777. 


Frederick Hall, 


Dec. 22,1777. 


Jan. 


14, 1777. 


Alexander Kinsey, 


Mar. 8,1777. 






Charles Lawman, 


Jan. 10,1777. 


Feb. 


1, 1777. 


Elisha Jones, 


Jan. 12,1777. 


Nov. 


22, 1777. 


Samuel Dyer, 


April 15, 1777, 


Jan. 


28, 1777. 


Benjamin Kidd, 


do. 


Dec. 


20, 1776. 


Thomas Elmore, 


Jan. 7, 1777. 



John Harriss, 

(Wagoner.) 
Richard Shearwood, 
Abraham Pigott, 
Abraham Smithey, 

(Wagoner.) 
Francis Dyer, 
Major Callahan, 
Walter Williams, 
Thomas Grubbs, 

(Wagoner.) 

Company No. 3, as it stood at Valley Fokge, June 3, 1778. 
Anthony SiBgleton, Captain. Commissioned Feb. 1, 1777. Served to the end 

of the war. 
Ambrose Bohannon, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned January 13, 1777. 

Appointed Paymaster June 1, 1778. Served to the end of the war. 
Wm. Miller, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 13, 1777. Sick in Virginia. 
Henry Wallace, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned March 1, 1778. do. 
William Piggot, Sergeant. Appointed December 20, 1776. 



John Oliver, Cor 


poral. do. 


do. 




Beriah West, 


do. do. 


do. 




Robert Finney, Bombardier. do. 


do. 




Elias Boyer, 


do. do. 


do. 




William Langham, Gunner. do. 


January 24, 1777. 




George Fritts, Drummer. do. 


December 20, 1776. 


. 


Morris Bowers, Fifer. do. 


September 8, 1777. 






Matrosses for Three Years. 






Enlisted. 




Enlisted. 


Master A dkerson, 


Feb. 10,1777. 


Thomas Tabor, 


July 15,1777. 


Richard Sauford, 


April 5,1777. 


Edward Linegar, 


Mar. 24,1777. 


John Randolph, 


Nov. 3, 1777. 


(Sick in camp.) 




Charles Williams, 


April 1,1777. 


Philip Bowers, 


Feb. 4, 1777. 


Lewis Bowdry, 


April 4, 1777. 


(Sick in camp.) 




John Webb, 


Aug. 24,1777. 


Thomas O'Neal, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Oliver Yarnton, 


Feb. 12,1777. 


(Sick in camp.) 




James Sparhato, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


John Cashell, deserted Apr. 25, 1778. 


Drury Wilkerson, 


Nov. 24, 1777. 


Wm. Meacham, sick in Virginia. 


Benj'n Blankership 


Feb. 17, 1777. 


Peter Jones, 


do. 


William O'Neal, 


Jan. 11,1777. 


Thomas Jones. 


do. 


James Chamberlain 


, Nov. 24,1777. 


M. Richerson, 


do. 


Artes Bennet, 


Feb. 8, 1777. 


Benjamin Hudson, 


do. 


Philip Evans, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


John Cornelius, 


do. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



245 



Thomas Sanford, sick in Virginia. 
William Sanford, do. 

Thomas Doleman, do. 



Reuben Atkinson, sick in Virginia. 
Josiah Cornelius, do. 



Captain Anthony Singleton's Company of Artillery, as it stood at 

Smith's Clove, July 1, 1779. 
Anthony Singleton, Captain. Sick in quarters. 
Ambrose Bohannan, Captain-lieutenant and Paymaster. 
Samuel Bradford, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 13, 1777, 
Benjamin Mosely, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned April 9, 1779. 
William Piggot, Sergeant. Appointed December 20, 1776. 
William Mitcham, Sergeant. Appointed February 10, 1777. 
Griffith Evans, Sergeant. Appointed February 1, 1777. 
John Oliver, Sergeant. Appointed December 30, 1776. 
Peter Jones, Sergeant and Wagoner. Appointed December 30, 1776. 
Beriah West, Sergeant. Appointed December 20, 1776. 
Robert Finney, Bombardier. Appointed December 20, 1776. 
Elias Boyer, Bombardier. Appointed December 20, 1776. 
William Langham, Bombardier and Wagoner. Appointed January 24, 1777. 
Morning Richardson, Gunner. Appointed February 19, 1777. 
George Fritts, Drummer. Appointed December 20, 1776. 
Morris Bowers, Fifer. Appointed September 8, 1777. ; 

Matrosses for Tliree Years. % 



Enlisted. 



Major Atkinson, Feb. 

Reuben Atkinson, Mar. 

( Wagoner.) 
Lewis Bowdree, Mar. 

Benja'n Blankership, Sept. 
Feb. 



10, 1777. 
4, 1777. 

4, 1777. 
17, 1777. 
8, 1777. 



Artes Bennet, 
( Wagoner.) 
Philip Bowers, , Feb. 4, 1777. 
Josiah Cornelius, Mar. 24, 1777. 
James Chamberlain, Nov. 21, 1777. 
Thomas Doleman, Mar. 10, 1777. 
Philip Evans, 
Thomas Evies, 



Enlisted. 
Edward Linegar, Mar. 21, 1777 
(Sick at Pluckemin.) 



Thomas O'Neal, 
William O'Neal, 
Richard Sanford, 
Thomas Sanford, 
James Sparham, 



Feb. 
Jan. 
Mar. 
Feb. 
Feb. 



1,1777 
11, 1777. 

5, 1777. 
9, 1777. 

1, 1777. 



(Sick at Pluckemin.) 
John Webb, Aug. 14, 1777. 

Drury Wilkinson, Mar. 4, 1777. 
Oliver Yarrington, Feb. 12, 1777. 
Francis Houge, Dec. 6, 1778. 

William Sanford, Mar. 5, 1777. 



Feb. 4, 1777. 
July 8, 1777. 

Company No. 4, as it stood at Pluckemin, July 16, 1779. 
Drury Ragsdale, Captain. Commissioned February 7, 1777. 
William Godman, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned January 1, 1778. 
Richard Waters, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 13, 1777. Ap- 
pointed Adjutant, September 21, 1778. 



246 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



William Darvil, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned February, 7, 1777 
Alexander Petrie, Sergeant. Appointed July 15, 1777. 



Major Lipscomb 


do. 


lo. 


July 30, 1777. 




John Cowels, 


do. 


do. 


August 28, 1778. 




John Lipscomb, 


Corporal. 


do. 


July 21, 1777. 




Samuel Johnson 


do. 


do 


do. 




Johan Flishner, 


do. 


do. 


Unknown. 




James Waters, 


do. 


do. 


do. 




Elias Langham, 


Bombardier. 


do 


do. 




Julius Comer, 


do. 


do. 


January 1, 1777. 




Notley Maddox, 


do. 


do. 


Unknown. 




James McDorman, Gunner. 


do. 


January 1, 1778. 




William Lial, 


do. 


do. 


August 1, 1777. 




James Barnes, 


do. 


do. 


Unknown. 




John Porter, Drummer, 


lo. 


do. 




John Ketlar, Fifer. 


do. 


do. 






Matrosses foi 


Three Years. 






Enlisted. 






Enlisted. 


Charles Broach, 


Dec. 21,1777. 




James Harding, 


Unknown. 


John Grant, 


Dec. 20,1776. 




Edward Peek, 


do. 


William Hagley, 


Sept. 21, 1777. 




James House, 


do. 


William Russell, 
Thomas Bates, 


Jan. 21, 1777. 




Thomas Ives, 


do. 


Unknown. 




John Jones, 


do. 


James Beavers, 


do. 




John Riland, 


do. 


Joseph Clayton, 


do. 









Company No. 5, as it stood at Valley Forge, June 3, 1778. 
James Pendleton, Captain. Commissioned February 7, 1777. 
John Prior, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned February 13, 1777. 
Richard Waters, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 13, 1777. 
James Didlake, Sergeant. Appointed December 20, 1776. 



Thomas Hood, Corporal. 


do. 


do. 


Thomas Ward, Bombardier. 


do. 


do. 


James Bartley, do. 


do. 


February 28, 1777. 


John Jordan, Gunner. 


do. 


December 20, 1776. 


James Lloyd, do. 


do. 


February 13, 1777. 


Christian Bland, Drummer. 


do. 


March 20, 1777. 


Phil. Johnson, Fifer. 


do. 


April 1, 1777. 


Matrosses for 


Three Years. 


Enlisted. 




Enlisted. 


Ed. Clark, Jan. 22, 1177. 


Beverly Spencer, Jan. 30, 1777. 


William Barns, do. 


( 


^eu-geOgden, Feb. 3,1777. 


Matthew Allen, Feb. 2, 1777. 


Samuel Sandifer, April 3, 1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



247 





En 


listed. 




Enlisted. 


Samuel Wilkins, 


Jan. 


3, 1T7T. 


James Furlough, 


June 3, 17 


James Musgrove, 


Jan. 


18, 1777. 


(Wagoner.) 




Zechariah Nance, 


Feb. 


19, 1777. 


Peter Smith, 


Mar. 20, 17 


Isaac Kenny, 


Mar. 


5, 1777. 


(Deserted May 1, 1 


-78.) 


Fielding Barrom, 


Feb. 


15, 1777. 






Capt. James Pendletois 


's Company of Artillery, as 


IT STOOD . 



"Camp near Chester," July 9, 1779. 
James Pendleton, Captain. 
John Prior, Captain-lieutenant, and Aid-de-Camp to Maj. Gen. Lord 

Sterling. 
Samuel K. Bradford, First lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 13, 1777, and 

annexed to Capt. Singleton's Company June 1, 1777. 
Justinian Cartvvright, Sergeant-major. 



James Hines, 
James Didlake, 
Thomas Hood, 
Robert Hart Hunter 
Thomas Parr, 
Phil. Johnson, 
Matthew Allen, 
Thomas Ward, 
James Alexander, 



Appointed 


Mar. 1, 1779. 


do. 


Aug. 15, 1778. 


do. 


Dec. 20, 1776. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Unknown. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Nov. 1,1778 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Unknown. 



Qr. Mr.'s Sergeant. 
Sergeant. 

do. 
Drum-major. 
Fife-major. 
Drummer. 
Corporal, 
do. 
do. 

Matrosses for Three Years. 
William Barnes, enlisted January 22, 1777. 
Christian Bland, do. March 20, 1777. 

John Farlough, do. June 3, 1777. (Wagoner to Col. Harrison.) 
Phil. Johnson. (Reduced from Drummer, June 1, 1779.) 
Isaac Kimmey. (Driver to ammunition-wagon.) 

John Kelly, | (Sent to Providence, R. I., to join Captain Pierce's Com- 
William Kelly, f pany, June 1, 1779.) 

James Sandifer, enlisted April 3, 1777. (Driver to a field piece.) 
Beverly Spencer, do. January 30, 1777. ( Wagoner.) 
William Powell, do. in General Knox's Guard. 

Company No. 6, as it stood at Valley Forge, June 4, 1778. 
John Dandridge, Captain. Commissioned Feb. 1, 1777. 



Michael McNemera, 
Walter Richardson, 
William Meredith, 



First-lieutenant 

Second-lieutenant. 

Captain-lieutenant. 



Justinian Cartwright, Sergeant. 
Robert Scott, Corporal. 

Elias Wingate, do. 



do. 


Jan. 1, 1778. 


t. do. 


Mar. 4,1778. 


at. do. 


Jan. 13,1777. 


Appointed 


Dec. 20, 1776. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 



248 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Thomas Robinson, 
James Hines, 
Joseph Ball, 
William Freeman, 
Thomas Leigh, 
Thomas Coleman, 
Charles Nelmes, 
John Cottey, 
Thomas Wilkins, 



Corporal 

do. 
Bombardier. 

do. 

Gunner. 

do. 

do. 

Fifer. 

Drummer, 

Matrosses for Three 

Enlisted. 
Mar. 10, 1777, 

do. 
Feb. 1,177? 
Feb. 4,1777. 
do. 
do. 
Mar. 10, 1777. 
Dec. 20, 1776. 



Appointed 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
Years. 



Dec. 30, 1776 

do. 
Jan. 22, 177 
Dec. 20, 1776. 
Feb. 10, 1777 
Jan. 27, 1777 
Mar. 10, 1777 
Dec. 20, 1776. 
Mar. 28, 1777 



Thomas Carter, 
Joseph Lock, 
John Fisher, 
Sill Welsh, 
Benj. Welch, 
George Walker, 
John Alexander, 
Robert Bryon, 
Wm. Worthington, 

Capt. John Danbridge's Company of Artillery 
Smith's Clove, July 4, 1779. 

John Danbridge, Captain. Absent on leave. 

Walter Richardson, Second-lieutenant. 
Sergeants. 



Enlisted. 
Samuel Henderson, Dec 28, 1' 
William Fitzhugh, Mar. 17, 11 
Edward Dean, Mar. 1, 11 

James Sullivan, do. 

John Jones, Feb. 4, 17 

Peter Layland (deserted), do. 
John Gray, do. Feb. 2, 17 

William Dinny, do Mar. 10, 17 



AS IT STOOD AT 



Thomas Robinson, 

Robert Scott, 
Elias Wingate, 

William Freeman, 

Thomas Carter, 

Thomas Wilkins, 

John Alexander, 
Robert Bryron, 
James Sullivan, 
Edward Deans, 
John Fisher, 
William Fitzhugh, 
Samuel Henderson 



Corporals. 



Charles Nelmes. 



Thomas Leigh. 



Bombardiers. 

I Thomas Coleman. 

Gunners. 

I Joseph Lock. 

Drum and Fife. 



I 
Matrosses. 



John Cottey. 

William Hutton, 
George Rice, (Wagoner). 
George Walker, 
Michael Welch, 
Sill Welch, 
BenJ. Welch, 
John Jones, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



249 



Company No. 7, as it stood at Valley ForgiS, June 3, 1778. 
John Champe Carter, Captain. Commissioned Oct. 30, 1777. 



William Poyth 


-ess, First-lieutenant. do. 


Nov. 20,1777. 


Robert Dandridge, Second-lieutenant, do. 


Oct. 30, 1777. 


Martin McKennon, Sergeant. 


Appointed 


Dec. 20,1776. 


Jacob Diener, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


William Suttle 


Corporal. 


do. 


do. 


William Summers, Bombardier 


do. 


do. 


William Cook, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Reuben Grifflith, do. 


do. 


Dec. 20, 1776. 


Nell Brown, 


Gunner. 


do. 


Jan. 27,1777. 


John Adams, 


do. 


do. 


Jan. 30,1777. 


Henry Pursell, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Bejamin Shurles, do. 


do. 


Jan. 27.177J7. 


Uriah Brock, 


Fifer. 


do. 


Feb. 1,1778. 


Charles McAllister, Drummer. 


do. 


Jan. 30, 1777. 




Matrosses for 


Three Years. 






Enlisted. 




Enlisted. 


Luke Bullln, 


Dec. 16, 1776. 


William Sollers 


April 4, 1777. 


Henry Middleton, 


Dec. 22,1776. 


William Shannon, Aug. 8, 1777. 


John Wren, 


Jan. 11,1777. 


William Dichie 


Jan. 5, 1777. 


Jeremiah Levy, 


April 1, 1777. 


Isham Burns, 


Sept. 4, 1777. 


Robert Kelly, 


Jan. 23,1777. 


Henry Hazel, 


April 16, 1777. 


William Chevis, 


Jan. 27,1777. 


David Wilson, 


Dec. 10,1776. 


Gideon Wing, 


Feb. 10,1777. 


(Died May 10, 1778.) 


William Powers, 


Feb. 6, 1777. 


Nicholas Dorsey, Jan. 1, 1777. 



Capt. John Champe Carter's Company, as it stood at "Camp i 
Chester," July 9, 1779. 
John C. Carter, Captain. 

Thomas Dix, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 15. 1778. 
William Poythress, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Nov. 20, 1777 
Sergeants. 



Martin McKennon, 
Jacob Diener, 



Neil Brown, 



Henry Middleton, 
William Chevis, 



William Shannon, 



William Cook, 

William Summers, Corporal. 
Bombardiers, 

I John Adams. 

Gunners. 

Benjamin Shurles, acting as Guard 
to General Knox. 
Brum and Fife. 

I Uriah Brock. 



250 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Matrosses. 



Robert Brown, 
Joseph Bishop, 
Isham Burns, 
Luke Bullins, 
Nicholas Dorsey, 
William Dichie, 
William Powers, 
William Sollers, 
John Wren, 



Matthew Ellis, 
Reuben Griffith, 
Robert Kelly, 
Jeremiah Levey, 
Laurence McDonald, 
Charles McCallister, 
William Suttles, 
Gideon Wing. 



Company No. 8, as it stood at Valley Forge, June 3, 17 
Samuel Eddens, Captain. Commissioned January 1, 1778. 
Lewis Booker, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned January 13, 1777. 
Richard Hill, First-lieutenant. Commissioned October 20, 1777. 
Abraham Cole, Second lieutenant. Commissioned November 39, 17" 

in Virginia. 
John Chick, Sergeant. Sick in Virginia. 



Christian Francis, 


Corporal. Appointed December 20, 1776. 


William Machie, 


do. 


do. do. 


Augustine Lawless, 


Bombardier. 


do. February 10, 1777. 


Christian Cawthorn, 


do. 


do. January 11, 1777. 


Charles Powell, 


do. 


do. January 9, 1777. 


James Gentry, 


do. 


do. January 11, 1777. 


Richard Croxton, 


Gunner. 


do. February 10, 1777. 


Richard Rogers, 


do. 


do. January 5, 1777. 


George Anderson, 


Drummer. 


do. February 15, 1777. 


John Sneed, 


Fifer. 


do. January 20, 1777. 




Matrosses foi 


Three Years. 




Enlisted. 


Enlisted. 


Joseph Clark, 


Feb. 9, 1777. 


William Vaughan, Feb. 10, 1777. 


John Denton, 


Jan. 29,1777. 


(Sick in camp.) 


Charles Lyle, 


Dec. 20, 1776. 


John Wilds, Sept. 24, 1777 


Charles Morgan, 


Jan. 10,1777. 


(Sick in camp.) 


Isaac Wesson, 


Sept. 15, 1777. 


Richard Parker, Feb. 10, 177H. 


Benjamin Lawson, 


Sept. 24, 1777. 


(Sick in camp.) 


William Cremer, 


April 10, 1777. 


AVilliam Bibb, Unknou n. 


John Lyle, 


Jan. 31,1777. 


(Sick in camp, 


Jacob Peale, 


Jan. 27,1777. 


Solomon Hall, do. 


Edward Sage, 


Aug. 1,1777. 


(Sick in camp.) 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



2il 



Capt. Samuel Eddens' Company of Artillery, as it stood at Smith's 

Clove, Jdly 4, 1779. 
Samuel Eddens, Captain. On command at Providence. 
Lewis Booker, Captain-lieutenant. 

John Carson, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned May 1, 1779. Joined Cap- 
tain Brown's Maryland Company. 
Christian Cawthorn, Sergeant. Appointed October 1, 1778. 



Charles Powell, do. 

Christopher Francis, Corporal. 
Augustine Lawless, do. 

William Michie, do. 

James Gentry, do. 

Richard Rogers, Gunner. 
John Sneed, Fifer. 
George Anderson, Drummer. 



do. do. 

do. December 20, 1776. 

Driver to a piece of Artillery. 

do. January 1, 1779. 



Matrosses. 

Jacob Peal, 
James White, 
John Wells, 
Isaac Wesson, 
(Piece Driver.) 
it stood at Valley Foroe, June 3, 1778. 
Commissioned February 5, 1778. 
William Fleming Gaines, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned Oct. 20, 17; 
Holland Haynie, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 30, 1777. 
William Stevenson, Second-lieutenant. do. September 30, 1777. 

James Tyrie, do. do. April 23, 1778. 

Gawin Hamilton, Sergeant. Appointed December 26, 1776. 



Zechariah Bowls, 
Joseph Clark, 
William Creimer, 
Benjamin Lawson, 
Charles Morgan, 
Company No. 9, as 
Thomas Baytop, Captain. 



John Cooper, 


do. 


do. 


February 15, 1777. 




James Tucker, 


do. 


do. 


May 1, 1777. Furloughed to Virgin 


James Bailey, 


Corporal. 


do. 


February 3, 1777. 




James Sharpe, 


do. 


do. 


December 20, 1776. 




William Alexander, do. 


do. 


do. 




Jesse Dillon, 


Bombardier. 


do. 


do. 




William Foster 


do. 


do. 


February 8, 1777. 




Richard Carle, 


Drummer. 


do. 


April 28, 1777. 




John Williams, 


Fifer. 


do. 


May 11, 1777. 






Matrosses foi 


• Three Years. 






Enlisted. 




Enlisted. 


John Hopper, 


Jan. 31, 


1777. 


John Roach, 


April 5,1' 


William Powel, 


Jan. 8, 


1777. 


Henry Lacy, 


Feb. 22, 1' 



252 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Dale Carter, 
John Graves, 
John Morgan, 
Michael Sullivan, 
Company No. 



Enlisted. 
Aug. 23, 1777. 
Dec. 30,1776. 
July 20, 1777. 
Dec. 30,1776. 

10, AS IT STOOD AT VALLEY FORGE, JUNE 3, 17 



Peter Springfield, 
William Gentry, 
Valentine Bethel, 



Enlisted. 
Jan. 19,1777. 
Nov. 13, 17T7. 
Jan. 9,1777. 



John Henry Captain. Commissioned February 7, 1777. 

William Meredith, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned January 13, i; 

Thomas Fenn, First-lieutenant. do. do. 

Matthew Drury, Sergeant. Appointed December 20, 1776. 

James Christian, do. do. do. 

William Smith, do. do. do. 

Warren Parker, Corporal. do. do. 

Lemuel Carter, do. do. June 17, 1778. 

William McTyre, Bombardier, do. February 6, 1777. 

John Dunn, do. do. January 20, 1777. 

John Jones, Gunner. do. January 27, 1777. 

Thomas Wotten, Drummer. do. January 6, 1778, 

Thos. Campbell, Fifer. do. July 16, 1777. 

Matrosses for Three Years. 



Richard Henson 
George Gray, 
William Ferrell, 
John Allen, 
William Powell, 



Enlisted. 
Jan. 27, 17'i 



Enlisted. 

Bartlett Leigh, June 1, 1777. 

Samuel Drury, Jan. 19, 1777. 

George Richerson, Jan. 31, 1777. 

Thomas Smith, Feb. 9. 1777. 



The above Company-, 



Jan. 7, 177 
Feb. 1, 177 
Feb. 2, 1777. 
Jan. 4, 1777 

it stood at "Camp near Chester," 
July 9, 1779. 
Whitehead Coleman, Captain. Commissioned August 15, 1778. 
William Meredith, Captain-lieutenant. 

Thomas Fenn, First-lieutenant. Promoted to Captain-lieutenant in Cap- 
tain Pierce's Company in Rhode Island, June 18, 1779. 
Robert Dandridge, Second lieutenant. Commissioned October 30, 1777. 



Matthew Drury, Sergeant. 
James Christian, do. 
William Smith, do. 



Warren Parker, Corporal. 
Samuel Carter, do. 

William McTyre, do. 



Bombardiers. 



John Dunn, 
John Jones, 
Thomas Wooton, Drummer. 



Thomas Campbell, Fifer. 
John Allen, Gunner. Enlisted 
Feb. 2, 1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



25:3 



Matrosses. 
Richard Henson, John Rhodes, 

William Ferrell, Charles Groome, 

George Gray, John Fitzgerald, 

Fielding Barram, John Aspinwall, 

Bartlett Leigh, Thomas Carter, 

Samuel Drury, John Reynolds, 

John Lynch, James Taylor, 

James Clark, John Folkes, 

Mark Goldsberry, John Head, 

Darby Spelcy, Robert Smith, 

Timothy Conly, Ignatius Griffin, 

Charles Murritt, James Compton, 

John Sanders, 
List of the Officers and Privates of Col. Charles Harrison's Regi- 
ment of Artillery, who were Discharged and Furloughed from 
the Park of Artillery, at Morristown, in 1780. 



Nathaniel Burwell, 


Captain. 


On furlough. 


John Blair, 


Lieutenant. 


do. 


William Stevenson, 


do. 


do. 


William Pierce, 


Captain. 


do. 


Samuel Coleman, 


Lieutenant. 


Absent— sick. 


Walker Richardson, 


do. 


On furlough. 


Lewis Booker, 


do. 


do. 


Drury Ragsdate, 


Captain. 


On furlough to Virginia 


Whitehead Coleman 


do. 


do. 


William Meredith, 


Lieutenant. 


do. 


Robert Dandridge, 


do. 


do. 


John C. Carter. 


Captain. 


do. 


Thomas Dix, 


Lieutenant. 


do. 


William F. Gaines, 


do. 


do. 


Holland Hainey, 


do. 


do. 


Anthony Singleton, 


Captain. 


do. 


Ambrose Bohannan 


Lieut. & P. M. 


do. 


Samuel K. Bradford 


, Lieutenant. 


do. 


Martin McKennon, 


Sergeant. 


Deserted April 1, 1780. 


John Roach, 


Corporal. 


Discharged April 10, 178( 


George Fritts, 


Drummer. 


do. do. 


Thomas Neal, 


Matross. 


Furloughed to Virginia. 


James Chamberlain 


do. 


do. do. 


Richard Sandford, 


do. 


Discharged Mar. 10, 1780. 


Thomas Doleman, 


do. 


do. do. 



254 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES. 



Edward Lenegar, 


Matross. 


Lewis Bowdry, 


do. 


Josiah Cornelius, 


do. 


Reuben Atkinson, 


do. 


Samuel Sandford, 


do. 


Drury Williamson, 


do. 


Gideon Wing, 


do. 


William Sollers, 


do. 


Peter Springfield, 


do. 


James Hines, 


Sergeant. 


Robert Hart, 


Drum-major 


Thomas Parr, 


Fife-major. 


Charles Nelmes, 


Sergeant. 


James Stewart, 


Gunner. 


Thomas Carter, 


do. 


William Hart, 


Matross. 


Joseph Lock, 


Gunner. 


Robert Belvin, 


Matross. 


David Skelton, 


do. 


John Alexander, 


do. 


Lewis St. John, 


Bombardier. 


Alexander Kersey, 


Matross. 


Benjamin Kidd, 


do. 


James McDorman, 


do. 


John Fleshner, 


Matross. 


Isaac Kimmey, 


do. 


Samuel Sandifer, 


do. 


William Johnson, 


do. 


Samuel Drury, 


do. 


John Lynch, 


do. 


James Harding, 


do. 


Fielding Barrom, 


do. 


John Kittler, 


do. 


Christopher Stoakes, 


Sergeant. 


James McGarland, 


Matross. 


John Howard, 


do. 


William Bartley, 


do. 


Samuel Cross, 


Sergeant. 


Edward Shacklet, 


do. 


Burwell Bacon, 


Corporal. 


Richard Bouton, 


do. 


Reuben Hughes, 


Bombardier. 


Thomas Cross, 


Gunner. 


Thomas Chewning, 


Matross. 


Aaron Ball, 


do. 


Nathan Hughes 


do. 



Furloughed to Virginia. 
Discharged Mar. 10, 1780. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

Furloughed to Virginia. 
Deserted April 1, 1780. 
Discharged April 10, 1780. 
Deserted April 1, 1780. 
Discharged April 10, 1780. 
Furloughed to Virginia. 
Deserted April 1, 1780. 
Discharged Mar. 10, 1780. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. Mar. 23, 1780. 

do. April 10, 1780. 

do. Mar. 10, 1780. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. April 10, 1780. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

Furloughed to Maryland. 
Furloughed to Virginia. 
Sick at Pluckemin. 

do. do. 

Furloughed to Virginia. 
Sick at Pluckemin. 
Discharged Jan. 10, 1780. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. Feb. 7, 1780. 

do. Jan. 10, 1780. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. Feb. 22, 1180. 
do. Feb. 7, 1780. 

do. Jan. 10, 1780. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



*57 



Alexander Childress, 


Matross. 


Discharged Jan. 10, 1780. 


John Harris, 


do. 


do., 


Jan. 13, 1780, 


Richard Sharwood. 


do. 


do. 


Feb. 33, 1780. 


Thomas Alphin, 


do. 


do. 


Feb. 7,1780. 


Abraham Piggat, 


do. 


do. 


Feb. 33, 1780. 


Robert Smithey, 


do. 


do. 


Jan. 10, 1780. 


Francis Dyer, 


do. 


do. 


Feb! 4,1780. 


Walter Williams, 


do. 


do. 


Jan. 10, 1780. 


John Bushell, 


do. 


do. 


Feb. 33, 1780. 


Charles Gunter, 


do. 


do. 


Jan. 10, 1780. 


Elisha Jones, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


John Elmore, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Charles Lorman, 


do. 


Furloughed to Virginia. 


Samuel Dyer, 


do. 




do. 


Thomas Coleman, 


Bombardier, 


Discharged Jan. 10, 1780. 


John Fisher, 


Matross. 


do. 


Feb. 7, 1780. 


George Walker, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Sill Welch, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Christopher Cawthron, Sergeant. 


do. 


Jan. 10, 1780. 


Charles Powell, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


James Gentry, 


Corporal. 


do. 


do. 


Richard Croxton, 


Bombardier. 


do. 


Feb. 33, 1780. 


William Baughan, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Richard Rogers, 


Gunner. 


do. 


Jan. 10, 1780. 


John Sneed, 


Fifer. 


do. 


do. 


Zechariah Bowles, 


Matross. 


do. 


do. 


Joseph Clark, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Jeremiah Clark, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


John Lyle, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Charles Morgan, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Charles Lyle, 


do. 


Furloughed to Virginia. 


Thomas Barber, 


Sergeant. 


Acting Com. Mil. Stores. 


Roger O'Donakl, 


Matross. 


Furloughed to Pluckemln. 


Reuben Scott, 


do. 


Wagoner of forage. 


Matthew Adams, 


Corporal. 


Transferred to N. Y. Artillery 


James Adams, 


Sergeant. 


do. 


do. 



Note.— The Maryland Artillery, under Captains Brown and Dorsey, 
were joined to Colonel Harrison's regiment in 1778, and continued to do 
duty in this regiment to the close of the war. These companies are given 
in a former place. 



256 



OFFICERS AKD PRIVATES 



Names and Rank of the Field, Staff, and other Commissioned Offi- 
cers and Privates of Col. Daniel Morgan's 11th and 15th Vir- 
ginia Regiments, incorporated, as they stood from May 31, 1777, 
to November 30, 1778. 



Daniel Morgan, Colonel. 
Abraham , Buford, Colonel from 

May 15, 1778. 
John Cropper, Lieut. Colonel, from 

May 15, 1778. 
Gustavus B. Wallace, Lieut. Col. 
David Stephenson, Major. 
Philip Slaughter, Captain, and 

Paymaster from June 1, 1778. 
Samuel Jones, Lieut, and Paym'r. 
Albridgeton Jones, Adjutant. 



Robert Porterfleld. Lieut, and Ad 

jutant. 
John Barnes, Lieut, and Qr. Mas'r 
Mace Clements, Surgeon. 
Joseph Davis, do. 

John Crute, Quarterm'r's Serg't. 
William Death, do. 

Charles Erskine, Sergeant-major 
Thomas Pollock, do. 

Robert Sharman, Fife-major. 






Company No. 1, as it stood in May, 1777. 
James Calderwood, Captain., Commissioned January 19, 1777. 
Thomas Lucas, First-lieutenant. do. January 23, 1777. 

Thomas Burd, Second-lieutenant. do. do. 



William Hood, Ensign. 
Elijah Rippey, Sergeant. 
James Weir, do. 

William Kane, do. 
John Foster, Drummer. 
John Shields, Fifer. 



John Brittain, 
John Haines, 
William Howell, 
Peter Mitchell, 
John Dempsey, 
Thomas Nevines, 
Daniel Robinson, 
John Davis, 
Thomas Neyland, 
Matthias Abell, 
Samuel King, 
John McKay, 
William Richison, 
Richard Hutchison, 



do. do. 
Appointed February 11, 1777. 
do. February 20, 1777. 
do. May 6, 1777. 
do. March 20, 1777. 
do. May 4, 1777. 

Privates. 

Enlisted. Enlisted. 

Mar. 14, 1777. Joseph Bates, May 3, 1777 

George Cotton, April 29, 1777 

John Ryan, May 4, 1777 

Bernard Gorman, do. 

Thomas Sheridan, April 25, 1' 

Daniel Halley, May 4, 1777 

James Barton, April 27, 1777 

William Fiely, April 30, 177 

Joseph Ellerton, April 18, 177 

John McDowell, Feb. 20, 1777 

John Doyle, Feb. 5, 177 

James Ryan, Feb. 28, 177 

Richard Mudd, Feb. 10, 1777 

John Connolly, Feb. 14, 1777 



do. 
Mar. 19,1777. 
Mar. 20,1777. 
April, 1, 1777. 
April 24, 1777. 
April 20, 1777. 
April 4,1777. 
April 1,1777. 
Feb. 15,1777. 
Feb. 17,1777. 
Feb. 26,1777. 
Feb. 20,1777. 
Mar. 29,1777. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR.. 



257 



Enlisted. 

Philip Bassett, Feb. 23, 1777. Joseph Brainford 

William Lucas, Mar. 26, 1777. Michael Grew, 

George Ogleby, April 25, 1777, 

Company No. 2, /. 
Charles Gallahue, Captain. 

Died May 24, 1777. 
Joseph Davis, Lieutenant 

Sergeants 
Thomas Roberson, 
Francis Langfltt, 



Enlisted. 
Feb. 16,1777. 

May 4, 3777. 



stood in May, 1777. 

Robert Young, Lieutenant. 
Charles Tyler, Ensign. 



Richard Marshall, 
John Quint, 

John Farrell, 

Isaac Davis, 
Benjamin Gray, 
Moses Wickliffe, 
Benjamin WicklifTe, 
William Suddoth, 
Terrance Conner, 
James Brower, 
Arrington Wicklifle, 
Stephen King, 
John Mattingly, 
William Grant, 
Roger McMahon, 
William Cotrell, 
Peter Fullam, 
James Evans, 
James Clerk, 
George White, 
Henry Dogan, 
Zephaniah Posey, 
James Ebb, 
George Gilmore, 
Charles Cunningham, 
John Dickerson, 
Joseph Roberts, 
Amos Spencer, 
William Bird, 



Corporals. 

Drum and Fife. 

I 

Privates. 



John H. Johnson, 
Robert Mills. 

Aquilla Narvel, 
Yelverton Reardon. 

Robert Shearman 

William Trusfleld, 
William Smith, 
James Thompson, 
Thomas Bryan, 
Edward Wilson, 
George Whately, 
John Robertson, 
George Winter, 
William Henry, 
William Pope, 
Robert Holliday, 
Robert Clark, 
Peter Lowry, 
Duncan Cowen, 
John Armond, 
Leander Murphy, 
Thomas Skinner, 
John H. Crosson, 
Samuel Guy, 
Daniel Rich, 
James Gilbert, 
David Mason, 
John Harley, 
Francis Gray, 
George Marlow. 



258 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Company No. 3, as 
William Johnston, Captain. 
William Powell, Lieutenant. 
Robert Porterfleld, do. 



t stood June 1, 1777. 

John Townes, Ensign, from 
Nov. 25, 1776. 



Peyton Powell, 
Archibald Botts, 



John Means, 
William Palmer, 
Shadrack Reader, 

John Cahill, 
Andrew Harrison, 
John Stanton, 
John Hurley, 
William Hunt, 
John Pasgoe, 
James Nicholls, 
Nicholas White, 
Thomas Welch, 
Christian Fitzimmons, 
Thomas Organ, 
Richard Woodham, 
Matthew Donnovan, 



Sergeants. 



Corporals. 



Privates. 



William Oldrid, 
Michael Loysett. 



John McCart, 

John Harriss, Drummer. 



John Winder, 
Francis Nix, 
Richard Conner, 
John Beavan, 
Richard Matthews, 
John Feagan. 
Reuben Bearley, 
Samuel Hart, 
Nicholas Loyde, 
John Martin, 
Thomas Miller, 
John Thomas, 
Peter Read. 



The above Company, as it stood November 1, 1778. 



William Johnston, Captain. 
Robert Porterfleld, Lieutenant, 
and Adjutant in the Light-horse. 

Sergeants 
Peyton Powell, 
John Bruce, 
John Lyon, 



John Crittenden, Lieutenant. 
Timothy Feely, do. 



Michael Loysett, 
Samuel Flaugherty 
Archibald Botts. 



John Means, 
Shadrack Reader, 
John Godbolt, 

Samuel Sparks, 
James Thompson, 



Corporals. 



Privates. 



John Kearns, 
John McCart, 
John Harris, Drummer. 

Nicholas White, 
John Stanton. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



259 



Aaron Paul, 
Michael McEnnolly, 
William Burk, 
David Phillips, 
Jamas Nicholas, 
Thomas Jeffs, 
George Hanshaw, 
George Shackelty, 
John Smith, 
Edward Marlow, 
John McMullen, 
Job Jenkins, 
William Hunt, 
Peter Gilham, 
Richard Addison, 
John Johnson, 
Michael Shea, 
Benjamin Bogan, 
Robert Stakes, 
James Heatly, 
Alexander Strickland, 
Joseph Fox, 
Thomas Sherry, 
William Gamble, 
Thomas Miller, 
Thomas Welch, 
John Bartley, 

Company No. 4, as it stood June 1, 1777. 
Charles Porterfleld, Captain. 

Sergeants. 
William Edmondson 
George Greenway, 

Corporals. 
William Jenkins 
Anthony Maidy , Drummer. | 

Privates. 
John Heth, Cadet. 
David Cole, 
Michael Redman, 
John Qnaintance, 
Richard Evans, 
John Hickey, 
James O'Bryan, 



John Thomas, 
William Campbell, 
John Read, L 
Thomas Smith, 
Michael Donnovan, 
Hugh Glass, 
John Kahili, 
Joseph White, 
James Lynch, 
John Halfpain. 
Patrick Welch, 
Andrew Harrison, 
Thomas Jones, 
Robert Blair, 
Timothy Shain, 
Thomas Roberts, 
Richard Connor, 
James Maloy, 
Thomas Ogan, 
John Feagan, 
Daniel Dulin, 
Richard Woodham, 
James Bowing, 
Robert Mitchell, 
John Lovell, 
William Groves, 
Daniel Kent. 



James Dunbar, 
Solomon Fitzpatrick. 



Duncan Mead, Fifer. 

John Roberts* 
Abraham Brewer, 
John Melone, 
Joshua Haycrof t, 
William Hodge, 
Joseph Harris, 
JohnQuinn, 



260 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



John Tomlin, 
William Hinds, 
Anthony Madden, 
James Romaine,; 
John Holly, 
Nathaniel Harper, 
Jeremiah Connell, 
Abel Romaine, 
Christopher Buly, 
Samuel Johns, 
George Harris, 
Moses Plain, 
James Cassenbury, 
James Allenworth, 
Robert Severe, 
John Kelly. 

Col. Morgan's Riflemen, who were incorporated and served with 
Capt. Porterfield's Company. 



Thomas Stutherd, 
Patrick Daily, 
John Phillips, 
Lewis Stump, 
Andrew Everhart, 
Andrew Drake, 
Baptist Russell, 
Aaron Redman, 
John Alright, 
"William Atchison, 
John Ously, 
David Pugh, 
Archibald Finley, 
Alexander Dressdell, 
John Collett. 



Elias Toland, Corporal. 



I Roly Jacobs, Corporal. 
Privates. 

William Bartlett, 
David Ray, 



Daniel Davies, 
Humphrey Becket, 

Solomon Veal, John Adams, 

Christopher Duncan, John Robinson, 

Absalom Crown, Samuel Middleton, 

John Anderson, Abraham Groves, 

Richard Rounsifer, John Hopewell, 

Edward Clevinger, James Giles, 

Jacob Stump, William Jacobs. 

The above Company of Capt. Porterfield, as it stood Nov 
Charles Porterfield, Captain, 
Philip Slaughter, Lieutenant, and Paymaster. 
David Williams, Lieutenant. 

Sergeants. 
William Edmundson, Isaac Brown,! 

James Dunbar, William Jenkins, 

Tobias Bourk, John Collett. 

Barnard Rogers, 

Corporals. 
John Campbell, | Benjamin Sutton, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



261 



Thomas Gaines, 
Anthony Madden, 
John Potts, 



William Copeland, 
William Hogg, 
Anthony Byrom, Drummer. 



Privates. 



John Wood, 
Augustus Berry, 
Clement Richards, 
Adam Sheets, 
Thomas Hernly, 
Rowland Sutton, 
James Holmes, 
Sylvester Hurly, 
Jonathan Potts, 
David Potts, 
James Noland, 
Archibald Finley, 
Alex. Dindell, 
Peter Barrand, 
John Tomlin, 
Jeremiah Connell, 
Nathaniel Henper, 
Edwin Clevenger, 
John Kelly, 
Joshua Haycraft, 
George Wolf, 
Zachary Butts, 
William Roe, 
Thomas Lee, 

Company No. 5, 



Henry Tinchman, 
John Bell, 
James Fitzgerald, 
Thomas Stutherd, 
John Cowgill, 
Felty Fish, 
Robert Green, 
Thomas Mitchell, 
John Strickland, 
Lewis Stump, 
Michael Murphy, 
John Phillips, 
William Elcheson, 
William Bills, 
Daniel Collett, 
Moses Plain, 
William Hinds, 
Andrew Everhart, 
William Whiteall, 
John Dempsey, 
Aaron Redman, 
William Beason, 
William Hicks, 
Edwin Toe. 
it stood June 1, 1777. 



William Smith, Captain. 



Isaiah Larks, Lieutenant. 
Sergeants. 
Isaac Brown, 
Jonathan Owsly, 
Thomas Owsly. 

Timothy Kennedy, 
Thomas McDonald, 
David Phillips, 
Thomas Boberts, 
William Copeland, 
David Potts, 



Privates. 



Thomas Thomas, Ensign. 
Corporals. 
John Pruce, 
Randall Morgan, 
Matthew Ryram. 

Joseph Thornton, 
Henry Purcel, 
James M. Warren, 
Edward Holmes, 
William Whitehall, 
Edward Marlow. 



202 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Benjamin Kock, 
George Spencer, 
John Olvason, 
Anthony Forrest, 
(Discharged May 21, 1777.) 



Tobias Burgh, 

Isaac Fleetwood, 

Johathan Potts, 

Joseph Daniels, 

John Nugent, 

John McMaklan, 

Company No. 6, as it stood June 1, 1777. 
Thomas Blackwell, Captain. James Wright, 2d Lieut. 

John Marshall, 1st Lieut. Thomas Ransdell, 3d Lieut 

Sergeants. 



John Morgan, 
Samuel Phillips, 



Edward Fielding, 
Thomas Lawler, 



John Anderson, 
Joseph Garner. 



Corporals. 



Thomas Rycroft, 
William Sudduth. 
John Bates, Drummer. 



Privates. 



John Lawless, 

John Williams, 

Spencer Edwards, 

John Lee, 

Benjamin Kenton, 

John Grant, 

Daniel Grant, 

John Mitchell, 

John Laws, 

John Hasty, 

Clement Hasty, 

Mach. Robinson, 

James Ash, 

Bayles Stone, 

Richard Harvey, 

Edward Ransdell, 

Company No. 
Peter Bryn Bruin, Captain. 
George Calmes, 1st Lieut. 



Richard Broadus, 
William Shumate, 
John Straughn, 
Charles Gainer, 
John Phillips, 
William Dennis, 
Thomas Bates, 
William Heally, 
David Harris, 
Samuel Elliott, 
Charles Morgan, 
Charles Duncan, 
William Kearns, 
John Crytser, 
Simon Barry. 



as it stood June 1, 1777. 

I Charles Magill, 2d Lieut. 

Timothy Feely, Ensign. 



Sergeants. 



James Flaherty, John Early, 

William Death, Daniel Carson. 

James Towdle, Cadet. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



:>ii: 



Benjamin Bogan, 
William Burk, 
John Bartley, 
Job Jenkins, 
Robert Blair, 
John Halfpenny, 
James Beetly, 
Richard Addison, 
Curtis Hill. 
James Bowen, 
George Handshaw, 
John Kearly, 
James Molloy, 
John Burk, 
John Carey, 
John Campbell, 
Dennis Jar r el, 
William Gamble, 
Hugh Glass, 
William Legget, 
JohnCrumm, 
William Castle, 
Christian Roony, 
Michael Mc Anally, 

Company No. 
Thomas Wills, Captain. 

Henry Prudon, 
William Trabue, 

Benjamin Rucks, 
Bradford Cox, 



Privates. 

Aaron Paul, 
Robert Stokes, 
Timothy Shehan, 
Michael Shee, 
Samuel Sparks, 
John Sherry, 
George Sheck^lty, 
James Thompson, 
Joseph White, 
Charles Wiltshire, 
Thomas Jeffs, 
John Johnston, 
John Meade, 
John Lovell, 
William Groves, 
Richard Black, 
John McGuire, 
Samuel Glynn, 
James Davis, 
Mathew Bevins, 
James Talman, 
Joseph Vance, 
Peter Karland, 
John Lyon. 
8, AS IT STOOD Nov. 30, 1778. 

I Luke Cannon, Lieutenant. 

Sergeants. 

I Frederick Nance. 



Corporals. 



John Murfrey. 



Drum and Fife. 



Thomas Gale, 

Cornelius Rind, 
Joshua Perkins, 
Samuel Murfrey 
Benjamin Ash, 
Daniel Jones, 
Charles McEntire, 



I 
Privates. 



Charles Broadfleld. 

Murdock McKinsey, 
John Edwards, 
Richard Johnson, 
James Casey, 
David Turner, 
Obadiah Bullock. 



264 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



William Morris, 

Je»se Kelly, 

Aaron Woosley, 

John Everett, 

William Rose, 

Robert Dison, 

Walter Rand, 

Daniel Goff, 

Alexander Scurlock, 

Burwell Flood, 

John Morris, 

William Creaton, 

Claiborne Andrews, 

John Connant, 

Company No. 
George Rice, Captain. 
James Wright, 1st Lieut. 

David Parker, 
William Davis, 

Benjamin Wickliffe, 
William Waller, 
John Parkson, Fifer. 

Joseph McMahon, do. 

George McMahon, 
William Henry, 
William Cottrell. 
John Bolden, 
William Lewis, 
John Mathews, 
John Critchneld, 
Thomas Shores, 
Thomas Shivers, 
James Evans, 
George Winter, 
Samuel Guy, 
Robert Holliday, 
Michael Malone, 
Charles Cunningham, 
Leander Murphy, 



George Blankership, 
lsham Grow, 
William Belcher, 
James Crook, 
Lawrence Ward, 
John Toles, 
William Guy, 
Charles Lucas, 
Joseph Handley, 
Stephen Dyson, 
Peter Magiunis, 
Daniel Mullan, 
James Walden, 
Bartholomew Cyrus. 

d, AS IT STOOD Nov. 30, 1778. 

John Barnes, 2d Lieut.and Qr. Mr. 
Richard Marshall, Serg't Major. 
Sergeants. 



Corporals. 



Privates. 



Aquilla Narvell. 



Henry Shaugh, 

John Ferrill, Drummer. 

John Welch, do. 



William Cole, 
Terrance Conner, 
Thomas Bryan, 
John Melvin, 
John Mattingly, 
Moses Wickliffe, 
William Suddoth, 
James Brown, 
James Parks, 
William Gibbs,^- 
Philip Freeman, 
John Midson, 
Henry Clung, 
William Grant, 
John Armond, 
James Thompson, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



2C5 



Kobert Young, 
Daniel Rich, 
Henry Dogan, 
Zephaniah Posey, 
James Clark, 
Matthew Martin, 
John Evans, 
Joseph Stillwell, 
Arnos Spencer, 
Thomas Ashley, 
Thomas Parsons, 



John Stephens, 
James Luck, 
Enoe Lyon, 
Thomas Crumley, 
George White, 
Benjamin Gray, 
Edward Wilson, 
John Quint, 
Peter Fullam, 
Francis Gray. 



Company No. 10, as it stood Nov. 30, 1778. 
Samuel Booker, Captain. | Lawrence Butler, Lieutenan 

Sergeants. 

I William Cock. 

Corporals. 

I Samuel Ryalls. 

John Lewis, Drummer. 
Privates. 

Elisha Wyatt, 



Daniel Vasser, 



James Ryalls 



Joel Vasser, 
James Hinds, 
Lewis Pugh, 
Thomas Bridgeman, 
Littleton Gaskins, 
John Spence, 
Levin Clark, 
Joshua Hundly, 
Benoni Lipscomb, 
Bennet McGery, 
Andrew Pable, 
Joseph Robison, 
John Dunaway, 
Matthew Webb, 
John Brawner, 
John McKinsey, 
William Buford, 
John Tillory, 
Henry Bird, 
Moll Wilday, 
Henry Spence, 
Israel Singleton, 
Abraham Davis, 



Benj. Bartlett, 
John Algood, 
Isaac Proctor, 
John Kem, 
Jesse Gaskins, 
William Jeffrace, 
Matthew Jackson, 
Elijah Blundell, 
John Parris, 
Joseph Singleton, 
John Lawrence, 
James Frazier, 
John Webb, 
William Curtiss, 
William Sebra, 
John Nelson, 
Jeffrey Palmer, 
Charles Edwards, 
John Derry, 
Peter Howard, 
James Spence, 
Robert Ord. 



OFFISERS AND PRIVATES 



Company No. 11, AS IT stood Nov. 30, 1778. 
James Gray, Captain. 
Samuel Jones, Lieut, and Paym'r. | Thomas Davis, Engigu. 

Sergeants. 



Robert Craddoek, 
Willis Wilson, 
Spratley Simmons, 



Micajah Holt, 
Benjamin Sublett, 



James Curtis, 



Corp rals. 



Richison Booker 
Henry Tillar. 



Thomas Trent. 



Di 



Henry Craddoek, 

William Neal, 

James League, 

Lewis Story, 

Morning Lipscomb, 

John Speed, 

Anthony P. Walter, 

Jerry Basham, 

Edmund Clements, 

Jerry Bentley, 

George Belcher, 

Edward Belcher, 

Edmund Absalom, 

Kirby Portis, 

Francis Smith, 

Jesse Bryant, 

David Maiden, 

Richard Day, 

Joseph Covender, 

Robert Belcher, 

Thomas Lipscomb, 

William Jenkins, 

John Barker, 

William Woosley, 

William Madison, 

Daniel Story, 

Company No. 
John Gregory, Captain, 
David Mason, do. 



um and Fife. 

I Thomas Weatherly. 

Privates. 

Bartlett Holmes, 
Thomas Pope. 
Asa Cawley, 
John Nunnally, 
George Lovell, 
Moore Lumpkiu, 
Richard Taylor, 
Moses Woosley, 
Stephen Stacey, 
Stephen Freeman, 
Benjamin Newton, 
John Chaffln, 
Isham Whitt, 
Joseph Whitaker, 
Isaac Morris, 
Robert White, 
Bobert Harrison, 
Caleb Hill, 
William Shett, 
John Quinn, 
Robert Mush, 
David Evans, 
Jesse Hall, 
John Redwood, 
Randall Reese, 
Edmund Massey, 
12, AS IT STOOD Nov. 30, 1778. 

I Thomas Holt, Lieutenant. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



257 



Burwell Wilks, 
Jacob Pain, 
Isham Felts, 
Lewis Best, 

Joseph Hews, 
Thomas Goodrum, 
Bernard Wilkinson, 
John Henderson, 

Thomas Butler, 
William Pearce. 

John Pearce, 
William Green, 
John Cleveland, 
Ben. Wharton, 
Chris. James, 
Fennel Baker, 
John Early, 
Stephen Turner, 
William Tomlinson, 
John McKenny, 
Jerry Ingram, 
John Williams, 
Michael Booth, 
Hart. Barham, 
John Hunter, 
Jesse Kirkland, 
James Dick, 
Thomas Wilkerson, 
William Whaley, 
Michael Upchurch, 



Sergeants. 



Corporals. 



Drummer* 



Privates. 



William Pryor, 
George Hunt, 
John Walters. 



John Slate, 
Patrick Lynch, 
John Newell. 



David Mangurn, 
Edmund Edwards, Filer 

John Soden, 
James Oast, 
Sol. Kinsey, 
Henry Williams, 
David Dunn, 
Jesse Nichols, 
Matthew Russell, 
George Russell, 
Drury Thompkins, 
Richard Edmunds, 
Williamson Simmons, 
James Simmons, 
William Ward, 
John Singleton, 
Benjamin Matthews, 
Peter Lynch, 
Job Gaskins, 
Andrew Harrison, 
Tarlton Oldmond, 
John Tuder. 



Lieut. Col. John Cropper's Company of Col. Morgan's Regiment, at- 
tached to General Woodford's Brigade, as it stood November 
30, 1778. 

John Cropper, Lieut. Colonel. I Thomas Ransdell, First-lieut. 

Jno. Marshall, Capt. On furlough. John Townes, Second-lieut. 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES. 



Samuel Phillips, 
Thomas Lawler, 
William Cox, 

Edward Fielding, 
Thomas Rycroft, 
James Dufley, 

Spencer Edwards, 
Kedar Dobbs, 
William Roland, 
Timothy Wood, 
James Bailey, 
Jesse Jones, 
George Long, 
John Huffman, 
Abden Duff, 
William Healy, 
Alexander Rynalds, 
Richard Broadus, 
William Shumate, 
William Dolbey, 
Henry Matthias, 
Matthew McDougle, 
Joseph Davis, 
Holliday Rival, 
Howell Underhill, 
Alexander Campbell, 
William Leversage, 
Charles Dunn, 
William Creamore, 
John Hastey, 
John Laws, 
William Kearns, 



Sergeants. 



Corporals. 



Privates. 



Nathaniel Quarles, 
George Flack, 
John Anderson. 

Robert Watterson, 

Simon Butt, 

John Bates, Drummer. 

George Rose, 
Henry Simmons, 
Richard Harvey, 
John Phillips, 
John Fagg, 
John Lee, 
William Hardy, 
David Harris, 
Joshua Stafford, 
Adam Cormack, 
Levi Whitehurst, 
John Bibbey, 
George Sampson, 
Thomas Banks, 
Joseph Carter, 
Seth Williams, 
Isaiah Symes, 
Daniel Haily, 
Abraham Hill, 
Nathan Millington, 
John Lawless, 
John Ore, 
John Mitchell, 
John Crytser, 
Samuel Elliott, 
William Flora. 



Col. Morgan's Companies of Riflemen, as they were incorporated, 
and as they stood june 1, 1777. 
Gabriel Long, Captain, James Harrison, Lieutenant. 

Philip Slaughter, Lieutenant. Reuben Long, Ensign. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



209 



Corporals. 



James Edzard, 
John Campbell, 



Daniel Hartley, 
Nicholas Long, 



Privates. 

Evans Long, William Roe, 

John Harrison, Thomas Gaines, 

John Wood, Anthony Garnett, 

Augustine Barry William Howell, 

James Hoomes, Vincent Howell, 

John James, Burren Moore, 

Thomas Carrier, Thomas Wright, 

Samuel McCurkle, John Thomas, 

George Wolf, Jesse Wilhite, 

Rowland Sutton, James Harris, 

Benjamin Sutton, Jacob Smith, 

Clark Wise, Isaac Miller, 

Robert Green, Henry Holdway, 

James Noland, William Loyd, 

John Cowgill. James Wilson, 

Isaiah Corbin, Patrick Harrison. 
William Tandy, 

Capt. Shepherd's Riflemen, June 1, 1777. 

Elert Hogland, Sergeant. 
Privates. 
Richard Evans, I Felty Fritz, 

Thomas Mitchell, Adam Sheets, 

Capt. West's Company of Riflemen, June 1, 1777. 

William Davis, Sergeant. 
Privates. 



Henry Tinchman, 
Clement Richards, 
James Bryan, 

Capt. Brady' 



Martin Murphy, 
Daniel Williams, 
Joseph Sampson, 
Rifle Company June 1, 1777. A 



Robert Rankin, 

William Cole, 
William Lewis, 
Charles Bealer, 
Michael Malone, 



John Barnes, Ensign. 
Sergeants. 

I 
Privates, 



John Burriss. 

John Evans, 
John Bolden. 
John Strickland, 
Robert Fields. 



270 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Names and Rank of the Field, Staff, and other Commissioned 
Officers and Privates of Colonel Alexander Spottswood's 2d 
Virginia Regiment, as it stood from January to June, 1777. 



Robert Andrews, Chaplain. 
John Markham, Major. 
James Wallace, Surgeon. 
William Graham, Surgeon's Mate. 



Alexander Spottswood, Colonel. 
Richard Parker, Lieut. Colonel. 
Benjamin Day, Adjutant. 
Ambrose Madison, Paymaster. 
Robert Bell, Quartermaster. 

Company No. 1, as it stood March 1, 1777. 

Buller Claiborne, Captain. 

John Worsham, First-lieutenant. | John Kennon, Second-lieutenant. 



Sergeants. 



George Burroughs, 
J oseph Crook, 
Lovell Harrison, Corporal. 



Richard Bonner, 
Rowland Kirkland, 
Isham Browder, 
John Stacy, 
John Parker, 
Frederick Young, 
Reaps Mitchell, 
Alexander Kear, 



Privates. 



John Cole, 
John Crawford. 
Patrick O'Hara, Drummer. 



John Teate, 
Henry Barker, 
Barney Sykes, 
Joseph Harrison, 
Thomas Fisher, 
Frederick Hobbs, 
James Gordon, 
Frederick Hobbs, 



Company No. 2, as it stood March 1, 1777. 



Morgan Alexander, Captain. 
Marquis Calmes, 1st Lieut. 



Thomas Catlett, 2d Lieut. 
Daniel Ragin, Ensign. 



Ser 



Richard Patridge, 
Patrick Hagerty, 



John McCullock, 
Ledford Puller, 



Vaughn Jump, 
John Ashby, 



Corporals. 



Privates. 



John Thompson, 
Thomas Trapp. 



Henry Parrish, 
Philip Ragin. 



Priesly Loven, 
Ephraim Doughrah. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



271 



Moses Baaer, 
Aaron O'Bannon, 
Samuel Trivet, 
Alexander Keith, 
George Blackniore, 
Joseph Drinker, 
Michael Monohon, 
Thomas Bishop, 
James Gassaway, 
Moses Johnson, 
Brice Ragin, 
Stacy Wilson, 
John Bowen, 
Adam Byas, 
William Cole, 
John Breedlove, 
Daniel McGowan, 
Leonard Johnson, 
Thomas Simmons, 

Company No. 

Everard Meade, Captain. 

Wood Jones, 1st Lieut. 

Woodlief Thomas, 
Robert Jones, 

William Porter, 
Burwell Jackson, 

Philip Dunnavant, 
Leonard Dunnavant, 
Claiborne Dunnavant, 
Edward Gibbs, 
William Maiden, 
Shedrack Clay, 
Solomon Clay, 
Hezekiah Seay, 
Josiah Lussy, 
Jacob Davis, 
Joseph Roach, 
Thomas Webster, 
Isaac Belcher, 



Arthur Fenton, 
Francis Nichols, 
John Corking, 
John Gassaway, 
John Reid, 
James Brown, 
Jesse Bailes, 
John Brent, 
James Thomas, 
Jeremiah Harrigan, 
William Reed, 
Solomon Bishop, 
William Dollar, 
William McKentree, 
George Smith, 
Thomas Blackniore 
Jacob Antill, 
Charles Roan. 



3, as it stood March 1, 1777. 

John Ogilby, 2d Lieut. 
Henry Moss, Ensign. 
Sergeants. 

Francis Mallory, 
Miles Gibbs. 



Corx>orals. 



Privates. 



Daniel Dunnavant, 
John Porter. 

John Sadler, 
Reuben Compton, 
William Garrett, 
Thomas Belcher, 
James Seay, 
Edward Booker, 
Jaby Deaton, 
Joshua Worsham, 
Thomas Elmore, 
Jacob Belcher, 
Archibald Compton, 
John Tucker, 
Thomas Bowers, 



872 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Samuel Hunt, Herod Gibbs, 

Thomas Robertson, George Moody, 

Richard Alderson, Peter Dyer, 

John Spinner, Robert Ferguson, 

Thomas Brooks, Thomas Burton, 

George Deaton, James T. Carr, 

Edward Belcher, Joel Belcher, 

Joshua Hood, William Belcher, 

Robert Mann, Joseph Eskridge, 

Richard Wray, Joseph Pollard, 

Robert Bradshaw, James Taylor, 

John Hood, Nathan Davies, 

Barnard Roberts, John Cavender, 

Henry Worsham, Obediah Hubbard, 

George Vasser, Edward Hobson, 

James Chappell, John Cossens, 

Joel Shelton, Shedrack Lussy. 

Joseph Stubbs, Drummer. | Thomas Mansfield, Filer. 

Company No. 4, as it stood April 30, 1777. 

Thomas Tebbs, Captain. 

Peyton Harrison, Lieutenant. Commissioned February 25, 1777. 

Valentine Harrison, Lieutenant. 

Erasmus Gill, appointed Sergeant Aug. 28, 1776, and Ensign Nov. 28, 1776. 
Sergeants. 



John Hall, 
Simon Horn, 

Levy Talbert, 
James Dollar, 

Henry Palmer, 
William Elliott, 
George Wiiliams, 
John Cox, 
William Rhodes, 
James Dawson, 
John Price, 
Richard Price, 
Charles Land, 
Thomas Heatherly, 
James Hardy, 
Robert Preston, 



Corporals. 



Privates. 



Joseph Hough. 



Adam Goff, 

Alex. Smith, Drummer. 

James Farron, 
William Denny, 
Richard Bradley, 
Thomas Hughes, 
Evan Thomas, 
Thomas Pennell, 
Samuel Dunlap, 
Thomas Splaune, 
Cattesly Farron, 
Henry Rush, 
John Carroll, 
Robert Mc Williams. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



273 



Francis Drishell, 

Adonijah Davidson, 

Philip Gofl, 

William Haller, 

John Warner, 

John Hildrup, 

Patrick Mclvory, 

James Kidd, 

John Reardon, 

John Dunlap, 

Elijah Henwood, 

John Strother, 

Company No. 
George Nicholas, Major. 
John Holder, Lieutenant, 

Jeremy Parker, 

Nathaniel Robertson, 

James Hix, 
Francis Merryman, 

John Childress, 
J esse Bowling, 
Nathan Gemmels, 
Jacob Seay, 
James Harper, 
Robert Lowe, 
William Booton, 
James Robertson, 
Thomas Merryman, 
Robert Dickerson, 
Henry Claiborne, 
James Slate, 
William Dillon, 



James Duvlin, 
William Dawbin, 
John McKensey, 
Richard Fryer, 
William Harris, 
William Mcintosh, 
William Cannary, 
Thomas Conner, 
John Saunders, 
William Farrow, 
John Caddell, 
Thomas Forbes. 
5, as it stood April 1, 1777. 

I Samuel Cobbs, Lieutenant. 



Sergeants. 



Corporals. 



Privates. 



Richard Claiborne, 

John Bevins, Drum -major. 



Richard Jenkins. 



James Morgan, 
William Waters, 
David Harfleld, 
Uriah Coulter, 
Henry Hix, 
Zechariah King, 
William Jones, 
George Williams, 
John Moss, 
James Strother, 
Peter Dean, 
Dudley Ballard, 
William Woody. 



Company No. 8, as it stood April 1, 1777. 
Francis Taylor, Captain. I Francis Cowherd, Second-lieut. 

William Taylor, First-lieutenant. James Burton, Ensign. 

Sergeants. 
Samuel Clayton, James Welch, 

James Broadus, Robert Dawson. 



274 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



James Quin, 
Evan Bramham, 



Achilles Foster, 

Henry Russell, 

George Brooks, 

Ransdell Abbott, 

William Medley, 

William Ward, 

Thomas McClenahan, 

Robert White, 

Andrew Harrisou, 

Stephen Ham, 

Elijah Deer, 

Leonard Sale, 

John Almand, 

Gerard Morton, 

Elisha Hawkins, 

Robert Chandler, 

James Brown, 

John Chowning, 

JohnGillock, 

Samuel Warren, 

William Morris, 

Joseph Thomas, 

James Long, 

Henry Barnett, 

Turner Thompson, 

Company No. 7 
William Sanford, Captain. 
Alexander Parker, Lieutenant. 

William Eskridge, 
James Sanford, 



Corporals. 

Thomas Shelton, 
John Bourn, 
iah Cox, Drummer. 

Privates. 

Joseph Hervey, 
Shedrack Hill, 
Benjamin Dawson, 
Thomas Morris, 
John Finnet, 
Thornberry Bowling, 
James Dearing, 
Thomas Breedlove, 
Jacob Burrows, 
Elisha Estes, 
Perry Patterson, 
William Davis, 
Humphrey Shay, 
- William Martin, 
John Snow, 
Thomas Flennan, 
Lewis Pines, 
Joel Foster, 
James Jackson, 
Thomas Ballard, 
James Beazley, 
William Turner, 
Edward Broadus, 
James Gibbons, 
John Johnson, 

as it stood March 1, 1777. 

Joseph Archer, Lieutenant, 
Thomas Parker, Ensign. 
Sergeants. 

I Presley Sanders, 

Richard Sanford. 



Jesse Brewer, 

George Williams, 
William Chilton, 
Daniel McChinney, 



Corporals. 

I 
Privates. 



Joseph Smith. 

Rowly Harris, 
Tarpley Nash, 
Henry Chilton. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



John Anderson, 
William Silence, 
John Cave, 
Robert Sisson, 
Richard Murry, 
Jofcn Dunnaway, 
Vincent McKinney, 
George Davis, 
William Hudson, 
Francis Moore, 
William Holmes, 

Company No. 8, as it stood 
Samuel Hawes, Captain. 
Thomas Jones, First-lieutenant. I James 
Sergeants. 
Thomas Downer, 
Michael Long, 



Jeremiah Long, 
James Croncher, 

Thomas Ramsey, 
Sylvester Hughes, 
Virgil Poe, 
John Vaughn, 
Jesse Poe, 
Jonathan Smith, 
Richard Key, 
John Sullinger, 
Richard Chewning, 
John Yarboro', 
Thomas Livingston, 
Reuben Allen, 
William Griffln, 
John Carter, 
Willender Riddle, 
Richard Ridle, 
Obadiah Carter, 
Rush Hudson, 
Benjamin Robertson, 
William Davis, 
Humphey Davis, 
Andrew Long, 



Corporals. 



Privates. 



John Holmes, 
John White, 
John Jackson, 
Griffy Matthias, 
George Allison, 
William Marshall, 
William Gowden. 
John Marvel, 
James Johnson, 
George Hill, 
Read Hutt. 
June 1, 1777. 

Upshur, Second-lieutenant. 

Thomas Parker, 
John Gravatt. 

Samuel Boutwell. 
George Muse. 

George Murran, 
Charles Brown, 
Samuel Taylor, 
Francis Golman, 
James Baxter, 
Cager Chapman, 
Mark Bowler, 
Benjamin Herndon, 
James Sacrey, 
Isaac Sacrey, 
John V. Smith, 
Harden Tuning, 
George Marshall. 
Clayborn Durret, 
Joseph Flipper, 
Landon Carter, 
Jesse Woodruff, 
Presley Cox, 
William Marshall, 
William Carter, 
William Coates, 
William Scandle,. 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Names and Rank of the Field, Staff, and other Commissioned 
Officers, and the Privates of the 3d Virginia Regiment, com- 
manded by Lieut. Col. William Heth, as it stood from 
September, 1777, to May, 1778. 



Thomas Marshall, Colonel. 
William Heth, Lieut. Colonel, from 

April 1, 1777. 
Chas. West, Major, from Feb. 1, 

1777. 
John Hawkins, Adjutant. 
William Mountjoy, Paymaster. 
Hezekiah Turner, do. 

James Hansbrough, Quartermas'r. 
Thomas Lawler, do. 

Company No. 1, as it stood Feb. 1, 17T 
John F. Mercer, Captain. 



David Griffith, Chaplain. 
David Griffith, Surgeon. 
Charles Land, Surgeon's Mate. 
James Primm, Qr. Mr.'s Sergeant. 
Charles Whiteman, do. 

Arthur Lind, Sergeant-major. 
Richard Beal, do. 

Edward Harris, Drum-major. 
Daniel McCarty, Fife-major. 



James Prim, 
George Jones, 
George Patten, 

Thomas Burris, 
Burn Harris, 
William Oliver, 

Samuel Young, 
Charles Lambert, 
James Bolliday, 
William Bland, 
John Tate, 

John Ethrington, sen., 
John Ethrington, jun., 
Edward McGinnis, 
James Templar, 
John Bridges, 
Malleroy Adams, 
James Kearns, 
Thomas Moss, 
Michael Rogers, 
George Collop, 
James Shepard, 



Sergeants. 



Corporals. 



Privates. 



Jeremiah Thindall 
Daniel James, 
John King, 

David Price, 
John Rogers, 
John Nicholson. 

Aaron Reynolds, 
James Lee, 
Robert Burn, 
William Spender, 
Francis Hughes, 
William Sutherland, 
William Sugars, 
Daniel Mathews, 
John Scott, 
John Wells, 
John Ayres, 
John Thrailkill, 
George Armstrong, 
William Posey, 
George Smith, 
Robert Alvey. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



277 



Company No. 2, as it stood March 1, 177 



David Arrell, Captain. 



Thomas Clack, 



William Wright, 
James Grimes, 



Arthur Lind, Ensign. 



Sergeants. 

I 
Corporals. 



George Gordon. 



Paul Tanner. 



Drum and Fife. 

I 



Abraham Hammersly 



Privates. 



John Salter, 

Benjamin McFarland, 

William Sollers, 

George Johns, 

James Alverson, 

George Jeffrey, 

John Munroe, 

William Williams, 

John Kelshaw, 

John Athinson, 

Andrew Monroe, 

William Kent, 

Dennis Shea, 

Dennis McGuire, 

Robert Godfrey, 

Robert Bowling, 

William Gibbs Wallace, 
Company No. 3, 
Valentine Peyton, Captain. 
Isham Keith, Lieutenant. 
Hick Crosby, Sergeant. 

Thomas Rutherford, 
John Goley, 

McRector, 

Samuel Cox, 
James White, 
Richard Sheerer, 
William Elsmore, 
Alexander Patten, 



John Browers, 
Samuel Mason, 
Daniel Hayley, 
John Lawler, 
Daniel Wright, 
James Duklns, 
Thomas Reed, 
Joseph Bowen, 
Robert Allen, 
William Russell, 
Thomas Holland, 
William Bryant, ' 
James Wilkes, 
Andrew Alexander, 
Michael Drake, 
Arthur Stephenson, 
William Williamson, 
as it stood March 1, 1778. 

William Gimber, Corporal. 

Walter Voung, Fifer. 

William Bell, Drummer. 



Privates. 



George Gully, 
Thomas Fox, 
John Coppage, 
James Fleming, 
William Jones, 
Edward Riley, 
Charles Barker, 
Jacob Pool, 



278 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Jeremiah Stacy, 
John King, 
Nat. Coleman, 
Moses Elmore, 
John Felkins, 
William Dogans, 



Jesse Rose, 
William King, 
Nat. Lacey, 
John Haddocks, 
Christian Burn, 
John Hastings. 



Company No. 4, as it stood April 1, 1778 



John Blackwell, Captain, 
Joseph Blackwell, Lieutenant. 
William Moore, Ensign. 

Privates, 

Robert McMicken, 
Thomas McClain, 
James Tufnell, 
John Thomas, 
William Moffett, 
William Bradford, 
Stephen Tomlin, 
Samuel Madden, 
Daniel Dennington, 
William Davis, 
William Bailey, 
Conner McGuire, ' 
William Turvey, 
John Wilkinson, 
Morris Blenningham, 



William Bawcut, Sergeant. 
Moses Allen, Corporal. 



John Walker, 
Jonathan Crook, 
Benjamin Hamrick, 
John Walton, 
George Russell, 
William Davidson, 
Robert Doyle, 
John Legg, 
Robert Wood, 
John Riley, 
James Mitchell, 
Thomas Oliver, 
Henry Garrett, 
George Cowling, 
Peter Dearon. 



Company No. 5, as it stood April 1, 17 



Robert Powell, Captain. 
James Davis, Lieutenant. 
Beverly Roy, Ensign. 



Privates. 



John Miller, 
Richard Lee, 
Charles Blunder, 
Richard Jones, the taller, 
Richard Jones, the less, 
Thomas Brown, 
Joseph Team, 



Thomas Keane, Sergeant. 
James Armstrong, Corporal. 



William Feris, 
Archibald Mitchell, 
John Salter, 
Lystra Vaughn, 
William Breedlove, 
Reuben Arthur, 
Thomas Rice. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



279 



Company No. 6, 
Reuben Briscoe, Captain. 
Thomas Hungerford, Lieut. 



as it stood April 1, 1778. 

Thornton Taylor, Ensign. 
John Elsmore, Sergeant. 





Privates. 


John Hines, 
William Collins, 
Daniel Preston, 
Phil. Conner, 




Michael Linton, 
Aug. McDonald, 
John Thompson 


Men discharged from this Company. 
Peter Benharn, Sergeant. John Sidebottoni, C 
Charles Lander, do. John Moreland, 



Privates. 
Even Thomas, 
Andrew Race, 
Charles Tyler, 
George May, 
James Murray, 

COMPANY NO. 7, AS IT STOOD APRIL 



William Bruton, 
William Adams, 
Sebastian Lush, 
James McKinnie. 



John Peyton, Captain. 
John Tebbs, Lieutenant. 



James Coates, 
Luke Brady, 
John Wood, 
William Lent, 
William Baily, 
William Connerd, 



Privates. 



Henry Micon, Ensign. 
John Copin, Sergeant. 

John Mathews, 
John Towers, 
Lewis Murphy, 
Zealy Colbert, 
Jonathan Williaois, 
Henry Garvey. 



Discharged Men. 
William Matthews, Sergeant. | John Cullins, Sergeant, 

Company No. 8, as it stood Feb. 14, 1778. 
Philip Richard F. Lee, Captain. I 
Ben] amin Tinnel, Lieutenant. 

Privates 



Samuel Love, Sergeant. 
John Athey, Corporal. 



Henry Webb, 
William Thurman, 
Patrick Dorothy, 
John Young, 



John Russell, 
Peter Larru, 
Obadiah Philbert, 
John Norman, 



280 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



William Groves, 
Francis Kendall, 
George Florence, 



John Alva, 
John Tillis, 
Abraham Line. 



Names and Rank of the Field, Staff, and other Commissioned 
Officers of Col. John Gibson's Detachment, who served in the 
Western Department, from January 1, 1780, to December 6, 1781, 
the time he surrendered the command of that department to 
Brig. Gen. William Irvine, with a List of the Resigned, 
Discharged, and Dead for the whole time. 
lehn Gibson, Colonel. 

Richard Taylor, Major. 

Jacob Colman, Ensign and Adjutant, and Lieutenant and Adjutant, from 
Dec. 1, 1780. 

Josiah Tannehill, Ensign, Paymaster, and Clothier; and Lieutenant, Pay- 
master, and Clothier, from January 1, 1781. 

Henry Dawson, Ensign and Quartermaster, and Lieutenant and Quarter- 
master, from February 22, 1780. 

David Holmes, Surgeon. 

John Knight, Surgeon's Mate. 

Thomas Woods, Sergeant-major. 

James Lane, Quartermaster's Sergeant. 

John Smith, Drum-major. 

William Coxon, Fife-major. 

L,ewis Thomas, Lieutenant. 

Lawrence Harrison, do. 

William Conner, Ensign. 



On detached service, 
do. 
do. 



John Beck, Ensign. On detached service. Promoted to Lieutenant Mar. 

1, 1780. 
i ) riah Springer, Captain. 
Benjamin Biggs, do. 



Robert Beall, 


Captain. 


Resigned 


December 31, 1780. 


Robert Vance, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


George Berry, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Ephraim Relph, 


Lieutenant 


do. 


February 15, 1780. 


John Dent, 


do. 


do. 


November 20, 1780. 


Thomas Holliday, 


Sergeant. 


Discharged 


March 7, 1780. 


William Dowell, 


do. 


do. 


March 1, 1780. 


Henry Bowen, 


do. 


do. 


January 1, 1780. 


Thomas Everett, 


do. 


do. 


November 1, 1780. 


J ohn Hays, 


do. 


do. 


April 10, 1780. 


Benjamin Goodwin, do. 


do. 


March 18, 1780. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



281 



John Chambers, Sergeant. 


Discharged March 1, 


L780. 


Joseph Lemasters, do. 


do. do. 




William Jenkins, do. 


do. do. 




Caleb Hale 


, do. 


do. do. 




Thomas Chambers, do. 


do. October 14, 1780. 




Privates. 






Discharged. 




Discharged. 


James McKianey, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


John Cleveland, 


June 2, 1780. 


Benjamin Dane, 


do. 


Thomas Robinson, 


Oct. 28, 1780. 


William Gillaspy, 


do. 


John Woods, 


do. 


Edward Stoker, 


do. 


John Dixon, 


do. 


John Shaver, 


Mar. 13,1780. 


.. — John Alexander, 


do. 


John Haley, 


Mar. 15, 1780. 


Edward Crutchlow 


Oct. 31,1780. 


James Salter, 


do. 


George Lefler, 


Nov. 1, 1780. 


George Emmett, 


do. 


William Orr, 


Nov. 2, 1780. 


James Rankins, 


do. 


Arnold Evans, 


Nov. 1, 1780. 


Jacob Poisal, 


Mar. 27, 1780. 


John Allford, 


Dec. 8, 1780. 


William Roberts, 


Mar. 28,1780. 


Patrick McGuire, 


Jan. 2, 1781. 


Jesse Clark, 


Mar. 7, 1780. 


James Manly, 


Nov. 2,1780. 


Philip Finn, 


April 18, 1780. 


James Murphy, 


do. 


William Brown, 


do. 


Richard Carty, 


Jan. 1, 1781. 


Bartholomew Nedley, April 19, 1780. 


William Oakman, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


Cornelius Downey, 


April 27, 1780. 


John Campbell 


Nov. 10,1780. 


John McCutchen, 


do. 


Elijah Veatch, 


Jan. 15,1780. 


Daniel Leany, 


Sept. 10. 17S0. 


Hezekiah Linsey, 


do. 


Daniel Ryanhart, 


Oct. 28, 1780. 


Edward Wood, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


James McMullan, 


Nov. 13, 17S0. 


John Brisby, 


do. 


Christopher Baker, 


Jan. 8, 1781. 


James Kelly, 


do. 


Thomas Bendure, 


do. 


John Smith, 


do. 


John Lisk, 


do. 


Jacob Weatherholt 


do. 


James Shaw, 


do. 


William Wood, 


do. 


Joseph Blackburn, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


William Hunter, 


do. 


James Watson, 


Mar. 9, 1780. 


Henry Thomas, 


do. 


Benjamin Archer, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


Freeman Battershell, do. 


Thomas Ricketts, 


Mar. 8, 1780. 


Hezekiah Clark, 


do. 


Abraham Booker, 


do. 


John Custard, 


Mar. 8, 1780. 


Nicholas Dickert, 


Mar. 10, 1780. 


John Aldridge, 


Mar. 13, 1780. 


William McElroy, 


April 27, 1780. 


Joseph Hiveler, 


Mar. 18,1780. 


Peter Parchment, 


Dec. 22, 1780. 


Anthony Coon, 


Mar. 20,1780. 


Simon Bailey, 


Jan. 1, 1780. 


John Lefevers, 


Jan. 15,1780. 


William Bagly, 


do. 


Thomas Ravenscroft, Jan. 28, 1780. 


Joseph Thomas, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


James Tittle, 


May 13, 1780. 


Elijah Thomas, 


do. 


Bladen Ashby, 


do. 


William Owens, 


Mar. 8, 1780. 


Thomas Brownlee, 


June 2, 1780. 


James Hicks, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


James Gray, 


Sept. 20.1780. 



282 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 





Discharged. 




Discharged. 


Samuel Calloway, 


Oct. 15, 1780. 


John Merick, 


July — , r,80: 


John Mains, 


do. 




Killed. 


William Owens, 


do. 


Francis Johnston, 


Mar. — , 1781. 


Samuel Hutchison, 


Oct. 12, 1781. 


Thomas Eady, 


do. 


John Knapp, 


Oct. 14, 1781. 


John Michell, 


July 18, 1781. 


James M. Christy, 


do. 


John Evans, 


Nov. 12,1781. 


Robert Penery, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 




Discharged. 


Thomas Whitaker, 


Mar. 2, 1780. 


John Cowen, 


Mar. 28,1780. 


Peter Springer, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


Andrew Dunn, 


July 6, 1780. 


John Hamilton, 


do. 


William Collis, 


do. 


John Wheeler, 


do. 


Edward Evans, 


Sept. 10, 1780. 


Thomas Kelly, 


do. 


John Mishwonger, 


April 29, 1780. 


Jeremiah Archer, 


do. 


Thomas Mosely, 


July 16,1780. 


John Stackhouse, 


Mar. 2,1780. 


John Drummond, 


do. 


Peter Cartwright, 


Mar. 10, 1780. 


Charles Harvey, 


Sept. 19, 1780. 


Isaac Ross, 


Mar. 18, 1780. 


John Watson, 


do. 


John Brown, 


do. 


Harman Eakle, 


Feb. 17,1780. 


John Brown, 


Mar. 15,1780. 


John Allington, 


Mar. 4, 17M). 


Jacob Walter, 


April 8,1780. 


Ralph Morrow, 


do. 


Peter Walter, 


do. 


John Wallace, 


Mar. 29, 1780. 


William White, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


Joshua Still, 


Jan. 5, 1780. 


Jeremiah Simpson, 


June 2, 1780. 


Philip Buzan, 


Jan. 10,1780. 


Charles Bodkin, 


Sept. 10, 1780. 


Patrick Kelly, 


Mar. 29, 1780. 


Simon Coghran, 


Sept. 28, 1780. 


David Smith, 


Oct. 1, 1780. 


John Smith, 


Mar. 16,1781. 


Daniel Murray, 


May 16,1781 


William English, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


Thomas Winn, 


May 1, 1780. 


Cornelius Johnson, 


do. 


John Kinard, 


April 1,1780. 


Levid Bridgewater 


Mar. 2, 1780. 


John Cheany, 


May 11,1780. 


Thomas Philips, 


Mar. 10,1780. 


George Fitzgerald, 


May 24, 1780. 


George Harling, 


Mar. 18,1780. 


Henry Irons, 


May 28,1780. 


James Gunner, 


Mar. 13,1780. 


John Gilbert, 


June 15, 1780. 


Samuel Streets, 


do. 


Patrick Rogers, 


do. 


Henry Scott, 


Mar. 18,1780. 


John Sullivan, 


July 16, 1780. 


John Colbert, 


do. 


Thomas Duggan, 


July 20,1780. 


Thomas Walker, 


do. 


Joseph White, 


July 1, 1780. 


James Colvin, 


Mar. 16,1780. 


James Gray, 


Aug. 16, 1780. 


Michael Poock, 


Sept. 30, 1780. 


William Canard, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


J ohn Pratt, 


Nov. 10,1780. 


Joseph Fuller, 


Aug. 1, 1780. 


Thomas James, 


do. 


Brice Ragon, 


Mar. 14,1781. 


Robert Beckett, 


do. 


Robert Broad, 


do. 


Richard Bilby, 


Nov. 24,1780. 


Peter Parker, 


do. 


Richard Churchneld, do. 


John Smith, 


Feb. 1, 1781. 


John Cowen, 


do. 


John Clark, 


May 1, 1781. 


Adam Dust, 


Jan. 1, 1780. 


James Dawson, 


do. 


William Walker, 


Mar. —,1780. 


William Douglass, 


July 20,1781. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



2S: 



Jeremiah York, 
Andrew Anderson, 
George Sutch, 
Felix McKinney, 



Discharged. 
July 20,1781. 
Aug. 15,1781. 
Aug. 1,1781. 
June 4, 1780. 



Discharged. 
John Pearson, Mar. 1, 1780. 

Ludwick Hart, Aug. 1, 1780. 

Charles Crawford, Mar. 30.178L 
John Needharu, July 15, 1781. 



Capt. Uriah Springer's Company. 



John Harrison, Lieutenant. 
Joseph Winlock, Ensign. 
John Gibson, do. 

John Williams, Sergeant. 
Thomas Tannehill, do. 
Thomas Moore, do. 
William Evans, Corporal. 

James Cumberford, 
John Burnett, 
Garret Cavener, 
William Barr, 
John Britton, 
Thomas Hailey, 
Alexander Mcintosh, 
William Harbert, 
Richard Roach, 
Hyatt Lazier, 
Roderick McDaniel, 
Richard Carter, 
William Smith, 
James Reynolds, 
William Craig, 
Benjamin Broomes, 
Philip Henthorn, 
Edward Paul, 
Samuel Smith, 
James Seavell, 
Nicholas Carter, 
Robert Hughes, 
Henry Squires, 



James Adams, Corporal. 

John Hagerty, Corporal, from Jan. 

1, 1781. 
Isaac Horsfleld, Corporal. 
John Smith, Drummer. 
Thomas Whealy, do. 
John Hinds, Fifer. 
Privates. 

John Ross, 

Pat. Baity, 

William Hansford, 

Edward McDonald, 

James Smith, 

Jacob Conrad, 

Henry Vann, 

Samuel Osburn, 

Thomas Craigg, 

James Duffy, 

John Gossett, 

Charles Evans, 

Michael Kairns, 

William Bailey, 

Richard Sparrow, 

David Dunnagan, 

Christopher Carpenter, 

John Finney, 

Robert McCarney, 

Matthew Hurley, 

Francis Smith, 

Michael Smith, 

Joseph Row. 



Those who joined this Company Jan. 1, 1781. 



Nicholas Hagerty, 
James Whealy, 
Robert Crawford, 
John Lockhart, 
Lachlin McLane, 



Patrick Finnagin, 
Eneas McCoy, 
Christopher Carpenter, 
William Hansford, 
Michael Hainy. 



284 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



William Hickock, 

Isaac Stott, 

John Young, 

George Phelps, 

Captain Benjamin Bigg 
Jacob Springer, Lieutenant. 
John Mills, Ensign. 
Alexander Fraser, Sergeant. 
John Hull, do. 

Moses Ward, do. 

Samuel Cruswell, Corporal. 

Privates. 

Jonathan Welsh, 

Samuel McCord, 

William Overline, 

John Rooke, 

Robert Bacon, 

Tliomas Jackson, 

John Guttery, 

Samuel Lemon, 

James Amberson, 

James Carr, 

John Robeson, 

Thomas Buite, 

Stephen Winters, 

John Shea, 

Pat. Thornton, 

James Stackpole, 

Michael Murphy, 

John Riley, 

Alex. McAdams, 

John Rock, 

Peter McCartny, 

James Low, 

John English, 

William Cloyd, 

Henry Skinner, 

Charles Robinson, 
•Joseph Fowler, 

John Conner, 

William Brumagem, 

John Morrison, 

William Connolly, 

-William Martin, 



Bryan Cowran, 

Charles Brooks, 

Robert Hughes, 

Francis Mains. 
3' Company. 
John Barnett, Sergeant. 

(Joined Feb. 1, 1781.) 
William Johannes, Corporal. 
Edward Sheppard, do. 

(Joined Jan. 1, 1781.) 
Thomas McTlwaln, Fifer. 

David Clark, 
John Phillips, 
Samuel Reaves, 
Clement Gillihan, 
Joseph Woods, 
John Godfrey, 
James Hoorish, 
Jacob Adams, 
John Cardonas, 
William Love, 
Isaac Devore, 
John Ritchie, 
Jacob Buher, 
Jacob Rhodes, 
Charles Morgan, 
John Bean, 
Thomas Jones, 
John Dougherty, 
John Vilet, 
John Richeson, 
William Woods, 
Joseph Denison, 
Isaac Halfpenny, 
Dennis Selavan, 
John Berry, 
James Johnson, 
James Parlor, 
Reuben Abbett, 
James Beham, 
Edward Walker, 
William Brazer, 
John Woodman. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



285 



Names of the Captains and Privates of Colonel Nathaniel Gist's 
Virginia Regiment, in 1777. 

FIRST COMPANY. 



John Gist, Captain. 
Privates. 



David Luckett, 
Sherwood Vaughn, 
James McEagan, 
Edward Joyce, 
Dennis Curly, 
William Harris, 
William Welch, 
Michael Madden, 
John Connelly, 
Archibald Bartlett, 
William Knowles, 
William Ryan, 
Matthew McHugh, 



John Lewin, 
Thomas Watson, 
John Tubbs, * 
Joseph Lovett, 
Joseph Neal, 
Walter Hartlett, 
Thomas Griffin, 
Peter Carbury, 
Elisha Darrington, 
James Johnson, 
Joseph Wilson, 
Daniel Spratt, 
Samuel Bent. 



SECOND COMPANY. 
Samuel Lapsley, Captain. 



Privates. 



Isaac Anglin, 
Abram Cutlip, 
Edward Thomas, 
Thomas Smith, 
John Martin, 
J ohn Carpenter, 
Thomas Kinsey, 
John Arnold, 
James Smith, 
John Hanna, 
Elias Roberts, 
Thomas Ermin, 
John McElhenny, 
Julius Blackburn, 
Hugh Hughs, 



Charles Wymer, 
James Gibson, 
James Simpkins, 
Thomas Price, 
James Squires, 
John Turbutt, 
Solomon Brundage, 
William Simpkins, 
Garret Simpkins, 
John Lee, 
James Harris, 
John Freeland, 
Robert Martin, 
Robert Oglesvy, 
Humphrey Montgomery. 



THIRD COMPANY. 
Strother Jones, Captain. 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Privates. 



John Nelson, 
Thomas Harrison, 
Josias Stone, 
Jacob Johnson, 
George Speak, 
Henry West, 
Wilson Gray, 
Edward Clements. 
Aaron Simmons, 



William Speake, 
William Basey, 
Joshua Poor, 
John Howard, 
Matthew Coffer, 
Hezekiah Speake, 
Owen Scolfleld, 
Nehemiah Crawford, 
Alexander Wallace. 



FOURTH COMPANY. 

Joseph Smith, Captain. 

Privates. 



Alexander Monroe, 
Patrick Coleman, 
Edward Harvey, 
John Hillier, 
William Mitchell, 
James Taylor, 
Charles Hagan, 
John Parrott, 
Daniel Chumly, 
Jeffrey Basdell, 
Thomas Johnson, 
James Solomon, 
William Jaco, 
Francis Rogers, 
Dennis Shay, 



William J. Conner, 
Peter Pole, 
George Moore, 
Thomas Taylor, 
Jonathan Tinsley, 
Michael Yewless, 
Michael Dolin, 
Emanuel Ebbs, 
Nightingale Richardson, 
John O. Brian, 
Thomas Henry, 
Robert Mc Adams, 
John Wooster, 
Hugh Barthorn, 
Josiah Daniel. 



FIFTH COMPANY. 

Thomas Bell, Captain. 

Privates. 



Patrick Shannon, 
Thomas Chapman, 
James Tate, 
Sampson Archer, 
David Chambers, 
John Stephens, 
John Mitchell, 
William Kingore, 
William McGowan, 
John Brown, 



James Shields, 
James Wilson, 
Bartholomew Ragan, 
Rousy Merritt, 
John Locke, 
John Forehand, 
Thomas Foster, 
Dennis Mc Kinney, 
Gordon Kelly, 
George Weefleld, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



387 



Joseph Hood, 
Michael McMaster; 
James Lockhart, 
Ludwick Miller, 
James O'Brlan, 



Abell Armstrong, 
Thomas Conway, 
Joseph Kenny, 
Martin Sutton. 



SIXTH COMPANY. 



Alexander Breckenridge, Captain. 



Privates. 



Alexander Rattray, 
Hezekiah Brady, 
Peter Parish, 
Joseph Smith, 
Ambrose Jones, 
Smith Thompson, 
John Williams, 
Hugh McLaughlin, 
Richard Spindler, 
Thomas Gillaspy, 
Benjamin Dawson, 
Thomas Snead, 
Samuel Savage, 



Thomas Curtis, 
Daniel White, 
Thomas Miller, 
Christopher O'Brian, 
George Tomlinson, 
Richard Pearle, 
Hazel Mc Williams, 
John Sweepstone, 

^^omasTmith,-^ 
Thomas Rhodes, 
John Cain, 
James Squires. 
COMPANY. 



Francis Muir, Captain and Paymaster of the Regiment. 
Privates. 



John Linton, 
Edward Rineker, 
John Spitfathom, 
Durret Covey, 
Charles Melton, 
Thomas Hopewell, 
John Sale, 
John Wynn, 
Daniel Ferguson, 
Waitman Reynolds, 
Isaac Artiss, 
Luke O'Neal, 
Caleb Baldwin, 
Henry Orem, 
Daniel Guilder, 



John McDaniel, 
William Crosby, 
William Haley, 
John Gruttage, 
Jesse Rineker, 
Francis Ravenscroft, 
Peter Kittare, 
William Nuss, 
Thomas Flood, 
James Thompson, 
Luke Metheny, 
Thomas |Meruny, 
Samuel Patterson, 
Timothy Kelly, 
John Kirk. 



288 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 
THE EIGHTH, OR THE MAJOR'S COMPANY. 

Privates. 



James McGee, 
Jacob Rump, 
John Crook, 
Thomas Stevens, 
Joseph Williams, 
Robert Reynolds, 
Christian Hobinstock, 
Joshua Cliffon, 
Levi Powell, 
Israel Peterson, 
James Oliver, 
Frederick Myers, 
Benjamin Dawson, 



Henry Riuglespauser. 
Samuel Jones, 
Benjamin Etholl, 
Thomas Verdin, 
John Knight, 
Richard Hill, 
Perrigrine Brady, 
Joseph Brady, ■ 
James Rains, 
Henry Rains, 
William Foster, 
Jesse Davis, 
Morris Minnaham. 



Officers of Lieut. Col Lee's Legion of Calvary. 



Henry Lee, Lieut. Colonel (Light- 
horse Harry). 

Henry Peyton, Major. Died in 
service. 

Joseph Eggleston, Major. 

Alexander Skinner, Surgeon and 
Lieutenant. 

Wm. Winston, Adjutant and Lieu- 
tenant. 

Patrick Carnes, Captain. 

Ferdinand O'Neal, do. 

James Armstrong, do. 

Matthew Irwin, Surgeon. 

Michael Rudolph, Captain. 



George Handy, Captain. 

Lawrence Manning, Lieutenant. 

Peter Johnson, do. 

George Carrington, 

George Guthrie, 

William Lewis, Lieutenant. Died 

in service. 
Robert Power, Cornet. 

John Jordan, do. 

William Middleton, do. 

Albion Throckmorton, do. 
William B. Harrison, do. 

Clement Carrington, Ensign. 
John Champe, Sergeant major. 



A List of Virginia Officers, with the Dates of their Commissions, 
in 1776. 



Captains. 



James Johnson, 
Oliver Towles, 



Commissioned. 

Feb. 10,1776. 

do. 



Commisswned. 
Thomas Patterson, Feb. 24, 1776. 
William Gregory, Feb. 26, 1776. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 





Commissioned. 




Commissioned. 


Samuel Hopkins, 


Feb. 26,1776. 


Thomas Massie, 


Mar. 11,1776. 


Samuel Cabell, 


Mar. 4, 1776. 


Thomas Hutchins, 


Mar. 21,1776. 


Thomas Ruffln, 


Mar. 11,1776. 


John Jones, 


April 9,1776. 




Lieutenants. 




Nicholas Hobson, 


Feb. 16,1776. 


Peter Garland, 


Feb. 16,1776. 


Nathauiel Fox, 


do. 


Charles Tutt, 


do. 


Joseph Curd, 


Feb. 24,1776. 


James Burnett, 


Feb. 24,1776. 


Peter Dunn, 


Feb. 16,1776. 


John Gregory, 


Feb. 26,1776. 


Abiah Clay, 


Feb. 26,1776. 


Hutchins Burton, 


do. 


Alexander Rose, 


Mar. 4, 1776. 


Benj'min Talliaferro, Mar. 4, 1776. 


Billy H. Avery, 


Mar. 11,1776. 


William Murray, 


Mar. 11, 1776. 


John Hockaday, 


do. 


Richard Appuson, 


do. 


Henry Williams, 


Mar. 21,1776. 


James Conway, 


Mar. 21, 1716 


Peter Jones, 


April 9,1776. 


William Stark, 


April 9,1776 




Ensigns. 




John Stokes, 


Feb. 16, 1776. 


James Barnett, 


Mar. 4, 1776. 


Joseph Holliday, 


do. 


Collin Cock, 


Mar. 11,1776. 


John Barksdale, 


Feb. 20,1776. 


William Armstead, 


do. 


John Bell, 


Feb. 26,1776. 


Harden Perkins, 


Mar. 21,1776 


William Dawson, 


do. 


Dinwiddie Goodwin 


, April 9, 1776 



Cadets. 
Beverly Stubblefleld, Capt- Towles' Co. 
Larkin Smith, do. 

John Chew, do. 

Benjamin Patterson, Capt. Patterson's Co. 



Approved Feb. 10, 1776. 



John Baynham, 
William Parsons, 
William Hill, 
Edward Irwin, 
John Jordan, 
John Clay, 
James Dillard, 
Philip Holliday, 
Samuel Buckner, 
Larkin Stanard, 



Capt. Towles Co. 
Capt. Fox's Co. 

do. 

do. 
Capt. Cabell's Co. 
Capt. Hopkins' Co. 
Capt. Cabell's Co. 
Capt. Massie's Co. 

do. 

do. 



do. 


do. ■ 


do. 


Feb. 14, 1776. 


do. 


Feb. 27,1776. 


do. 


Feb. 28,1776. 


do. 


Mar. 25,1776. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Mar. 26,1776. 


do. 


Mar. 30,1777. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


July 17,1776. 


do. 


Aug. 25,1776. 


do. 


Sept. 1, 1776. 



390 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 



Names and Rank of the Officers, and a List of the Privates, of 
Lieut. Col. Francis Marion's South Carolina Regiment, as it 
stood November 1, 1779. 

FIRST COMPANY. 



Adrian Proveaux, Captain. 
Josiah Kolb, Lieutenant. 
Robert Matthews, Sergeant. 

(Killed.) 
John Burtell, Sergeant. 



George Hughs, 
Alexander Stewart, 
James McDaniel, 
John Hawkins, 
Isaac Chinners, 
William Norman, 
Archy M. Daniel, 
Frederick Hughs, 
John Ratford, 
J ohn Harper, 
William Johnston, 
David Vaughn, 
Walkinsheer Thompson, 
Samuel Cortney, 

SECOND COMPANY 



Noble Barnett, Sergeant. 

John Mills, Corporal. 

Solomon Long, do. 

Enoch Boolk, Drummer. 

Jacob George, Fifer. 
Privates. 

Roily Rawlins, 
Edward George, 
John Thompson, 
Philip Thomas, 
John White, 
John Perry, 
Lewis Patrick, 
Jacob Benhoist, 
John Caddy, 
Amos Tubbs, 
James Gaskey, 
William Phillips, 
Samuel Blackford. 



Richard Baker, Captain. 
Alexander Hume, Lieutenant. 

(Killed Oct. 9, 1779.) 
John Roberts, Sergeant. 

Alexander McDonald, do. 

Solomon Stapleton, 
Benjamin Webster, 
Dickerson Green, 
John Fenwick, 
John Richardson, 
Henry Taylor, 
Robert Clyatt, 
Andrew Adams, 
Samuel Horn, 
Thomas Hagarthy, 
William Connell, 



Joseph Wilkins, Corporal. 
Daniel Andrews, do. 
Levi Brown, do. 

Silas Gibson, Fifer. 



Privates. 



James Castello, 
Moses Mace, 
Nathaniel Swobb, 
Timothy Downing, 
George Taylor, 
James Russell, 
Jonathan Collins, 
Adam Meek, 
William Waites, 
Joshua Morgan, 
Lewis Domas. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



201 



THIRD COMPANY. 



Charles Motte, Captain. Killed 

Oct. 9, 1779. 
Albert Roux, Lieutenant. Captain 

from Oct. 9, 1779. 
Alexander Petrie, Lieutenant. 
Christopher Rogers, do. 
William Murphy, Sergeant. 

Benjamin Huggins, 
James Fitzsimmons, 
Thomas Burbridge, 
Matthew Anderson, 
John Burbridge, 
Jonathan Burbridge, 
James Stanton, 
Oswald Hackle, 
Nathaniel Rogers, 
Humphrey Haines, 
Robert Penhorn, 
William Easton, 
Malcolm McFarlan, 



Peter Gray, Captain. 
John Wickom, Lieutenant. 
James Gray, do. 

(Killed Oct. 9, 1779.) 
John McDowell, Sergeant. 
James Feast, do. 

Richard Clark, 
John Campbell, 
Ambrose Bray, 
Alexander Ferguson 
Joseph Pain, 
Isaac Withersford, 
Bartholomew Sllne, 
*— Henry Martin, 
Joshua Hall, 
Wiliiam Winford, 
John Riley, 
Abraham Berlean, 



George Brewton, Sergeant. 

William Jones, Corporal. 

William Oliver, Corporal. Kill 
Oct. 9, 1779. 

William Lyon, Corporal. 

William Burbridge, Drummer. 

Peter Area, Fifer. 
Privates. 

■ John Taylor, 

Cornelius Constanstine, 
Ralph Ingram, 
Joseph Cooper, 
Samuel Kinney, 
Lewis Powell, 
George McCormack, 
Francis Farrell, 
William Willis, 
Thomas Mills, 
Hugh Newman, 
John Godbolt, 
Vincent Maroni. 
FOURTH COMPANY. 

Joseph Turner, Sergeant. 

Abraham Bearslick, Corporal. 

Thomas Galloway, do. 

Samuel Brown, do. 

Lewis McClendall, Drummer. 

Frederick Lamb, Fifer. 
Privates. 

Hendrick Kiler, 
. Jesse Simmons, 
Charles Hutton, 
^William Martin, 
Charles Skipper, 
Reuben Wales, 
Charles Bentley, 
John Hyrne. 
William Hughes, 
John Bewly, 
Edward Bambrick. 
William Simpson. 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES. 



William Leaton, 
Moses Childs, 
John Peter Allen, 

Thomas Hall, Captain, 
John Hart, Lieutenant. 

(Promoted Aug. 6, 1779.) 
James Legare, 2d Lieutenant. 
William Henderson, Sergeant 
Reuben Minor, do. 



James Reed, 
John Croford, 
Thomas Crozer (killed 
John Caton, 
Thomas Welch, 
Daniel McFarling, 
Francis Simson, 
Rapes Going, 
Enoch Andrews, 
William Hasemon, 
Benjamin Owens, 
Dempher Oldneld, 
Solomon Mitchell, 
Hugh Holland, 
John Proby, 



Benjamin Stone, 
Thomas Jones, 
Robert Launce. 

FIFTH COMPANY. 

William Harvey, Sergeant. 
Robert Raine, Corporal. 
George Valley, do. 
John Dubose, do. 
Philip Fry, Drummer. 
Conrad Fitner, Fifer. 
Privates. 

Edward Fry, 



Thomas Moultrie, Captain. 
Peter Foissin, Lieutenant. 
Stephen Roberts, Sergeant. 
Douglass O'Neal, do. 
Daniel Green, do. 

William Cade, 
Frederick Gowin, 
James Grubbs, 
Edward Gainey, 
Archibald Lamb, 
William McAllister, 
James Grover, 
William Russell, 



Samuel Moet, 
Nehemiah Watt, 
Thomas Faulder, 
Needham Gunter, 
John Clements, 
Henry Dishes, 
Thomas Goodson, 
Thomas Davis, 
Samuel Henderson, 
Thomas Bowan, 
James Fitzpatrick, 
Benjamin Sergenor, 
William Linsey, 
John Marlow. 
SIXTH COMPANY. 

William Rogers, Corporal. 

David Manly, do. 

Samuel Murray, do. 

Robert Logan, Drummer. 

Archibald Robertson, Fifer. 



Privates. 



Abraham Baggett, 
Francis Bridges, 
Edward Wainwright, 
James Hain, 
Richard Lackey, 
Henry McCall, 
John Friday, 
Robert Cox, 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



293 



John Bently, 
Moses Groom, 
Elisha Tomplat, 
James Houston, 
Peter Deviney, 

SEVENTH 

Thomas Dunbar, Captain. 

William Capers, 1st Lieutenant. 

Cornelius Van Vleiland, 2d Lieu- 
tenant. Killed Oct. 9, 17T9. 

Alexander McDonald. Sergeant- 
major. 

William Jasper, Qr. Master's Sergt. 
Killed while attempting to plant 
the American colors on the para- 
pets of Spring Hill redoubt, at 



James McGowin, 
Edward Murphy, 
Nicholas Barger, 
John Steel, 
(Killed Oct. 9, 1779.) 

COMPANY. 

the storming of Savannah, Octo- 
ber 9, 1779. 
Henry Webb, Sergeant. 
John McDonald, do. 
Reuben Dewitt, do. 
Harris Dewitt, Corporal. 
William Manning, do. 
James Sparrow, do. 
James Newton.Corporaland Fifer. 
Jesse Martin, Drummer. 



Privates. 



Barnaby Brian, 
Joseph Davis, 
John Dius, 
Aaron Harris," 
William Henson, 
John Hampton, 
John Holmes, 
William Mimms, 
James Moody, 
Richard Richardson, 
Robert Whiley, 
James Oliver, 
James Leaton, 
Robert Gamble, 
James Ford, 
John Butler, 
Frederick Simmons, 
Daniel Jordan, 
Nicholas Flinn, 
John Chavis, 
John Martinsharp, 
William Chancelly, 
Hezekiah Heath, 
James Clark, 



Kindred Hollisman, 
James Jones, 
Barrel Jones, 
William Wilkinson, 
John Francis, 
George Carrick, 
Thomas Oliver, 
William Cook, 
Thomas Nute, 
David Whily, 
Christopher Gamond, 
John McBride, 
James Scurry, 
David Stuart, 
John Smith, 
Shedrack McClindens, 
John Sparrow, 
William Cade, 
John M. Cade, 
John Whitely, . 
Thomas Stafford, 
Joseph Hughes, 
Thomas Windsor, 
William Clark. , 



294 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATES 
EIGHTH COMPANY. 



Richard Mason, Captain. 
Paul Warley, Lieutenant. 
John Taylor, Sergeant. 
John Davis, do. 

John Conner, 
William Brown, 
Samuel Butler, 
Joseph Reeves, 
Benjamin Reeves, 
Matthew Skipper, 
Isaac Herring, 
Thomas Rawlins, 
William T. Jones, 
Matthew Kenedy, 
Jeremiah Peters, 
Hugh Derberry, 
John Thompson, 
Anthony Hinds, 



Daniel Mazyck, Captain. 

John Martin, 1st Lieutenant 

George Ogiere, 2d do. 
William Wood, Sergeant. 
Benjamin Stone, do, 
Jacob Kalkofler, do. 

Hugh Davis, 
Rowland Walker, 
John Carter, 
Benjamin Breeler, 
Thomas Poston, 
John Smith, 
Arthur Colson, 
Drury Smith, 
John Keitli, 
William McCullock, 
John Breeler, 
James Beard, 
William Hyde, 
Joseph Mallery, 
William Clay, 



James Clatworthy, Sargeant. 
Thomas Kidwell, Corporal. 
William Crapps, Drummer. 
Moses Newton, ITifer. 
Privates. 

Adam Smith, 
Peter Rosman, 
Michael Peters, 
William Ryan, 
Charles Burnham, 
Stephen Irons, 
William Enochs, 
Philip Newton, 
Thomas Raytaold, 
William Chaney, 
William Dalton, 
Henry Savage, 
Timothy Green. 

NINTH COMPANY. 

William McCollough, Corporal. 

Marmaduke Ethridge, do. 

Samuel McMillian, do. 

David Parrish, Fifer. 

Benj. Booth, do. 

John Robinson, Drummer. 



Privates. 



William Pawling, 
John Dubose, 
Thomas Cowen, 
Robert Marker, 
Blake Calcott, 
William Gunter, 
John Skipper, 
Edward Brown, 
Hector McLane, 
Jacob Heigle, 
Abram Debraudy, 
Christopher Gallington. 
John Teague, 
Charles Caves, 
Frederick Rowland. 



OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 295 

Note.— This South Carolina Regiment was at the storming of the enemy's 
works at Savannah, by the American troops under General Lincoln, and 
the French under Count D'Estaing, on the 9th October, 1779. Captain Motte, 
of the third Company, and Lieutenant Gray, of the fourth were killed; also 
Sergeant Matthews, Sergeant Oliver, and Lieutenant Hume, and others. 

Count D'Estaing was wounded, and the noble Pulaski was killed. Here, 
also, Sergeant William Jasper, of Captain Dunbar's Company, so renowned 
for his feats of daring bravery, while planting the American colors on the 
parapets of Spring Hill redoubt, was pierced with a ball, and fell into fciie 
ditch. Before he died he said to Major Horry, "Tell Mrs. Elliott I lost my 
life in supporting the colors she presented to our regiment." 



BRITISH PRISONS AND AMERICAN PRISONERS. 



Capture of Americans by the British— British Prison 
Houses and Prison Ships— A. List op Distinguished 
American Prisoners of War— Time of Capture, Ex- 
change, etc. 

In the early part of the Revolutionary war, it happened that 
the British were often victorious, and successful in the capture 
of many of the undisciplined Americans. On the 8th, 9th, and 
10th of June, 1776, General Frazer, of the British forces over- 
came the Americans under General Thompson, Colonel St. 
Clair, Colonel Irvine, and others, at the battle of the Three 
Rivers, during the invasion of Canada. In this unfortunate 
skirmish, General Thompson, Colonel Irvine, of Pennsylvania, 
and about two hundred others, were made prisoners, and the 
rest pursued through a swamp for several days in great con- 
fusion. 

At the battle of Long Island, August 27, 1776, General Sulli- 
van was taken prisoner, and at the same battle Lord Stirling 
.surrendered himself to the Hessian General De Heister, with 
about 1100 men, as prisoners of war. Generals Sullivan and 
Stirling were confined on board the British ship "Eagle," and 
the men were confined on Long Island, and on board the enemy's 
vessels in the Sound. They were subsequently sent to the 
loathsome prisons in New York city and to the prison-ships at 
the "Wallabout. 

At General Putnam's retreat from New York, on the 15th of 
September, 1776, about three hundred of his men were captured, 
and on the 11th of October following, General Waterbury, of 
the Washington Galley, and his crew, were made prisoners by 
the crew of the British ship "Inflexible." 



298 FORT WASHINGTON SURRENDERED. 

On the 16th of November, 1776, Fort Washington, on the east 
bank of the Hudson, near the city of New York, after a des- 
perate resistance on the part of the Americans, was surrendered 
by Colonel Magaw of the Pennsylvania line. Mr. Lossing, in 
in his Field Book, says : 

"On the 15th, Howe was informed of the real condition of the 
garrison and works at Fort Washington, by a deserter from 
Magaw's battalion, and he immediately sent a messenger with 
a summons for the commander to surrender, or peril his garri- 
son with the doom of massacre. Magaw, in a brief note, 
promptly refused compliance, and sent a copy of his answer to 
Washington at Hackensack. Howe, confident of success, or- 
dered a cannonade to be opened upon the American outworks 
from two British redoubts, situated on the east side of the 
Harlem, a little above the High Bridge. The cannonade com- 
menced early on the morning of the 16th, to cover the landing 
of troops which crossed the Harlem there, preparatory to a com- 
bined attack at four different points. Expecting this, Magaw 
made a judicious disposition of his little force. Colonel Rawl- 
ings, with his Maryland riflemen, was posted in a redoubt (Fort 
George) upon a hill north of Fort Washington, and a few men 
were stationed at the Outpost, called Cock-hill Fort. Militia of 
the Flying Camp, under Colonel Baxter, were placed on the 
rough wooded hills east of the fort along the Harlem River, and 
others, under Colonel Lambert Cadwallader, of Pennsylvania, 
manned the lines in the direction of New York. Magaw com- 
manded in the fort. 

"The plan of attack was well arranged. Knyphausen, with 
five hundred Hessians and Waldeckers, was to move to the 
attack on the north simultaneously with a division of English 
and Hessian troops under Lord Percy, who were to assail the 
lines on the south. At the same time, Brigadier Matthews, 
supported by Cornwallis, was to cross the Harlem River with 
the guards, light-infantry, and two battalions of grenadiers, 
and land above Fort Washington under cover of the guns on 



FORT WASHINGTON SURRENDERED. 29 

the Westchester Hills, just mentioned, while Colonel Stirling, 
with the 42d regiment, was to cross at a point a little above the 
High Bridge. These arrangements were carried out. Knyphau- 
sen divided his forces. One division under Colonel Rahl (killed 
at Trenton seventy days afterwards), drove the Americans from 
Cock-hill Fort, while Knyphausen with the remainder penetra- 
ted the woods near Tubby Hook, and, after clambering over 
felled trees and other obstructions, attacked Rawlings in Fort 
Tryon. The fort was gallantly defended for some time, and 
many of the Hessians were slain. Rawlings was finally forced 
to yield, and returned to Fort Washington, under cover of its 
guns, when Knyphausen planted the Hessian flag upon Fort 
Tryon. In the mean while Percy had crossed near Harlem, 
swept over the plain, drove in the American pickets at Harlem 
Cove (Manhattanville), and attacked Cadwallader at the ad- 
vanced line of intrenchments. Percy's force was eight hundred 
strong; Cadwallader had only one hundred and fifty men and 
one eighteen-pounder. Both parties fought bravely, and Percy, 
yielding, moved towards the American left, behind a wood, and 
the combat ceased for a while. 

"While Rawlings and Cadwallader were keeping the assail- 
ants at bay, Stirling and Matthews landed. The latter pushed 
up the wooded heights, drove Baxter's troops from their 
redoubt (Fort George) and rocky defence, and stood victor upon 
the hills overlooking the open field around Fort Washington. 
Stirling, after making a feigned landing, dropped down to an 
estuary of the river, landed within the American lines, and 
rushing up the acclivity by a sinuous road, attacked a redoubt 
on the summit, and made about two hundred prisoners. In- 
formed of this, and perceiving the peril of being placed between 
two fires, Cadwallader retreated along the road nearest the 
Hudson, closely pursued by Percy, and battling all the way. 
When near the upper border of Trinity Cemetery (155th-street), 
he was attacked on the flank by Colonel Stirling, who was 
pressing across the island to intercept him. He continued the 



300 GEN. LEE'S CORRESPONDENCE. 

retreat, and reached the fort, after losing a few killed and about 
thirty made prisoners. On the border of the Cemetery, and 
near the fort, severe skirmishes took place, and many of the 
Hessian pursuers were slain. The defence was gallant ; but 
pike, ball, and bayonet, used by five thousand men, overpow- 
ered the weakened patriots, and at meridian they were nearly 
all gathered within the ramparts of the fort. General Howe 
now sent another summons to surrender. Perceiving resistance 
to be in vain, Magaw complied, and at half-past one o'clock the 
British flag was waving where the Union banner was unfurled 
defiantly in the morning. The garrison, amounting to more 
than two thousand men, were made prisoners of war, and with 
these the jails of New York were speedily gorged." 

Washington, who had been all the time an anxious spectator 
of the battle from the other side of the Hudson, wept like a 
child on beholding the retreat to, and surrender of, the fort. 
He wrote to General Charles Lee, informing him of the surren- 
der of the fort, and of his future plans of operation. Lee re- 
plied, and all that he said with respect to the surrender of Fort 
Washington, was : "Oh, General, why would you be persuaded 
by men of inferior judgment to your own? It was a cursed 
affair." Lee was second in command to the Commander-in- 
Chief, whose speculations as to the future were full of gloomy 
anticipations. 

To James Bowdoin, President of the Massachusetts Council, 
Lee writes as follows : " I hope the cursed job of Fort Wash- 
ington will occasion no dejection — the place itself was of no 
value. For my own part, I am persuaded that if we only act with 
common sense, spirit, and decision, tbe day must be our own. 
Indecision bids fair for tumbling down the goodly fabric of 
American freedom, and, with it, the rights of mankind. 'Twas 
indecision of Congress prevented our having a noble army, and 
on an excellent footing. 'Twas indecision in our military coun- 
cils which cost us the garrison of Fort Washington, the con- 
sequence of which must be fatal, unless remedied in time by a 



GEN. LEE'S CORRESPONDENCE. 301 

contrary spirit. Inclosed I send you an extract of a letter from 
the General ( Washington), on which you will make your com- 
ments ; and I have no doubt you will concur with me in the 
necessity of raising immediately an army to save us from perdi- 
tion. Affairs appear in so important a crisis, that I think the 
resolves of Congress must no longer too nicely weigh with us. 
"We must save the community in spite of the ordinances of the 
Legislature. There are times when we must commit treason 
against the laws of the State for the salvation of the State. 
The present crisis demands this brave, virtuous kind of 
treason."* 

In December, 1776, our "decisive 1 ' General Lee was snugly 
quartered at a tavern at Baskinridge, N. J., about three miles 
from his own army, and about twenty miles from the British 
encampment at Brunswick. Supposing himself perfectly safe, 
Lee wrote to General Gates about Fort Washington, and rapped 
the Commander-in-Chief over the knuckles in the following 
strain : "The ingenious manoeuvre of Fort Washington has 
completely unhinged the goodly fabric we had been building. 
There never was so dammed a stroke ; entre nous, a certain 
great man is most damnably deficient. He has thrown me into 
a situation where I have my choice of difficulties : if I stay in 
the province I risk myself and army ; and if I do not stay, the 
province is lost forever." \ 

We will now see what became of our impetuous and "de- 
cisive" Lee. He had just signed his famous letter to General 
Gates, doubtless presuming he had uplifted a thunderbolt suffi- 
cient to demolish General Washington, when suddenly General 
Wilkinson, who was with him, exclaimed, "Here, sir, are the 
British cavalry!" "Where?" replied Lee. "Around the house," 
said Wilkinson. "Where is the guard? Damn the guard- 
why don't they fire ? Do see what has become of the guard," 
said Lee. Poor Lee, the guards had fled ! Colonel Hareourt's 
dragoons entered the house and took Lee, and conveyed him a 



Irving's Life of Washington, t Ibid. 



302 WASHINGTON'S CORRESPONDENCE ABOUT LEE. 

prisoner of war to the British camp. They boasted of having 
taken the "American Palladium," for they considered Lee the 
most scientific and experienced of the rebel generals. % 

On the 25th September, 1775, Colonel Ethan Allen, of "Conti- 
nental Congress" renown, and famous as the captor of Ticon- 
deroga, was himself captured at Montreal, and sent to England 
to be tried for treason. He was confined there in Pendennis 
Castle, and, without a trial, he was returned to New York in 
1776, a prisoner of war, and was not exchanged until May 6, 1778. 
On the other hand, by way of retaliation, the Americans were 
successful in making some wholesale captures of the British 
forces. At the battle of Trenton, December 26, 1776, the Ameri- 
cans, under General Washington, succeeded in capturing about 
1000 Hessians under Colonel Rahl, among whom were about 
thirty-two officers. Colonel Rahl was mortally wounded in the 
confused skirmish with the Americans, and soon after died. 

On the 17th October, 1777, General Burgoyne, of the British 
forces, and his whole army, surrendered to the Americans under 
General Gates ; and on the 19th October, 1781, Lord Cornwallis 
and his army surrendered to the Americans under General 
Washington, at Yorktown, Va. The particulars of the above 
capitulations are too well understood by the American people 
to require explanation here, but the captives of those two 
armies were not confined by the Americans in loathsome dun- 
geons, like the infamous British prisons in New York. 

On the 13th of January, 1777, General Washington wrote to 
Sir William Howe as follows : "I am directed by Congress to 
propose an exchange of five of the Hessian field officers taken 
at Trenton for Major-general Lee ; or, if this proposal should 
not be accepted, to demand his liberty upon parole within cer- 
tain bounds, as have ever been granted to your officers in our 
custody. I am informed, upon good authority, that your 
reason for keeping him hitherto in a stricter confinement than 
usual, is, that you do not look upon him in the light of a com- 

jltrid. 



WASHINGTON'S CORRESPONDENCE ABOUT PRISONERS. 303 

ruon prisoner of war, but as a deserter from the British service 
as his resignation has never been accepted, and that you intend 
to try him as such by a court-martial. I will not undertake to 
determine how far this doctrine may be justifiable among your- 
selves, but I must give you warning that Major general Lee is 
looked upon as an officer belonging to, and under the protection 
of the United Independent States of America, and any violence 
you may commit upon his life and liberty, will be severely 
retaliated upon the lives and liberties of the British officers, or 
those of their foreign allies in our hands. I would beg that 
some certain rule of conduct towards prisoners may be settled ; 
and if you are determined to make captivity as distressing as 
possible, let me know it, that we may be upon equal terms, for 
3 our conduct shall regulate mine." 

"I am sorry," writes he to Lord George Howe, on the subject 
of the naval prisoners, "that I am under the disagreeable 
necessity of troubling your lordship with a letter, almost wholly 
on the subject of the cruel treatment which our officers and 
men in the naval department, who are unhappy enough to fall 
into your hands, receive on board the prison-ships in the harbor 
of New York. From the opinion I have ever been taught to 
entertain of your lordships humanity, I will not suppose that 
you are privy to proceedings of so cruel and unjustifiable a 
nature; and I hope that, upon making the proper inquiry, you 
will have the matter so regulated, that the unhappy persons 
whose lot is captivity, may not in future have the miseries of 
cold, disease, and famine, added to their other misfortunes. 
You may call us rebels, and say that we deserve no better treat- 
ment, but remember, my lord, that, supposing us rebels, we 
still have feelings as keen and sensible as loyalists; and will, if 
forced to it, most assuredly retaliate upon those upon whom we 
look as the unjust invaders of our rights, liberties, and properties. 
I should not have said thus much, but my injured countrymen 
have long called upon me to endeavor to obtain a redress of their 
grievances, and I should think myself as culpable as those who 
inflict such severities upon them, were I to continue silent." 



304 HORRORS OF THE PRISONS. 

Both Lord Howe and Sir William Howe, in their answers af- 
fected to believe that the American prisoners were not severely 
treated, and appeared ignorant of the brutal tyranny of Cun- 
ningham, the provost marshal, over the unfortunate but firmly 
patriotic prisoners. 

Some difficulties and misunderstandings arose relative to the 
case of General Lee, which put an end to operations with res- 
pect to negotiations for the exchange of prisoners, and those on 
both sides had to suffer on in consequence, and with them, the 
brave and eccentric captor of Ticonderoga, Ethan Allen. 

A tariff for the exchange of prisoners was fixed upon by 
Major-general Phillips on the part of the British, and a com- 
mittee of officers, prisoners at New York, on the part of the 
Americans, in 1779, in which a sergeant was reckoned equal to 
two privates, an ensign to four, a lieutenant to six, a captain to 
sixteen, a major to twenty-eight, a lieutenant-colonel to seven- 
ty-two, a colonel to one hundred, a brigadier-general to two 
hundred, a major-general to three hundred and seventy-two, a 
lieutenant-general to a thousand and forty-four, an adjutant 
and quartermaster to six, each, a surgeon to six, a surgeon's 
mate to four, a surgeon of hospitals to sixteen, deputies and as- 
sistants to six, each, and all other officers in proportion, to be 
regulated by their rank in the line. 

From September 15, 1776, to November 25, 1783, nearly the 
entire period of the revolutionary war, New York remained in 
the hands of the British, and was made the head-quarters of 
the foulest tyranny over helpless prisoners ever known in the 
darkest ages of the world. The bastiles of Europe never fur- 
nished such a picture. Jerusalem within, besieged by the 
Romans without, never felt the horrors of the New York prisons; 
the fear of which stimulated the American nerve to fight with 
desperation, and die, if he could, rather than be doomed to this 
awful incarceration. The bones of the martyrs washed, naked 
and exposed, on the shores of the Wallabout, brought forth 
fruit unto liberty and constituted a prominent pillar in the 



HORRORS OF THE PRISONS. 305 

glorious fabric of American freedom. These bone6 inspired the 
living patriot. Let a monument over them be erected to the 
skies ! 

"The new jail," says Mr. Lossing in his Field Book, "-was 
made a provost prison, where American officers, and the most 
eminent whigs, who fell into the hands of the British were con- 
fined. Here was the theatre of Cunningham's brutal conduct 
towards the victims of his spite. The prisoners were formally 
introduced to him, and their names, age, size, and rank, were 
recorded. They were then confined in the gloomy cells, or to 
the equally loathsome upper chamber, where the highest offi- 
cials in captivity were so closely crowded together, that when, 
at night, they laid down to sleep on the hard plank floor, they 
could change position only by all turning over at once, at the 
words, right — left. Their food was scanty and of the poorest 
kind, often that which Cunningham had exchanged at a profit 
for better food received from their friends or the commissariat. 
Little delicacies, brought by friends of the captives, seldom 
reached them ; and the brutal Cunningham would sometimes 
devour or destroy such offerings of affection in the presence of 
his victims, to gratify his cruel propensities. 

"Thus for many months gentlemen of fortune and education, 
who had lived in the enjoyment of the luxuries and refined pleas- 
ures of elegant social life, were doomed to a miserable existence, 
embittered by the coarse insults of an ignorant, drunken Irish 
master. 

"The prison-ships were intended for seamen taken on the 
ocean, yet some soldiers were confined in them. These lay in 
Gravesend Bay, and there many of the prisoners taken in the 
battle near Brooklyn were confined until]the British took posses- 
sion of New York, when they were removed to prisons in the 
city. In 1778 the hulks of decaving ships were moored in the 
Wallabout, a sheltered bay on Long Island shore, where the 
present Navy-yard is. There, in succession, the Whitby, Good 
Hope, Scorpion, Prince of Wales, Falmouth, Hunter, Stromuoli, 



306 HORRORS OF THE PRISONS. 

and half a dozen of less note were moored, and contained hun- 
dreds of American seamen captured on the high seas. The 
sufferings of these captives were intense, and at the close of 1779 
they set fire to two of them, hopiDg to secure either liberty or 
death. 

"In 1780 the Jersey was placed in the "Wallabout, and used as 
a prison-ship till the close of the war, when she was left to decay 
on the spot where her victims suffered. 

' The name and character of each prisoner were registered 
when he first came on board. He was then placed in the hold, 
frequently with a thousand others, a large portion of them cov- 
ered with filthy rags, often swarmirjg with vermin. Every morn- 
ing the prisoners brought up their bedding to be aired, and, after 
washing the decks, they were allowed to remain above till sun- 
set, when they were ordered below with imprecations, and the 
savage cry, 'Down, rebels, down!' The batches were then closed, 
and in serried ranks they lay down to sleep, if possible, 
in the putrid air and stifling heat, amid the sighs of the acutely 
distressed and the groans of the dying. Each morning the harsh 
order came below, 'Rebels, turn out your dead.' 1 The dead were 
selected from the living ; each sewed in his blanket, if he had 
one, and thus conveyed in a boat to the shore by his companions, 
under guard, and hastily buried. 

"So shallow were the graves of the dead on the shores of the 
Wallabout, that while the ships were yet sending forth their 
victims, the action of the waves and the drifting of the loose 
sand often exposed the bones of those previously buried. Year 
after year this revolting exhibition might be seen, and yet no 
steps were taken to preserve the remains of the martyred patri- 
ots until 1803, when Samuel L . Mitchell presented a memorial to 
Congress, in behalf of the Tammany Society of New York, solic- 
iting a tomb for the martyrs. The prayer of the petitioners 
was not granted, and no further legislative action was had." 

At the second session of the twenty-seventh Congress, in 1842, 
as shown by Report No. 1026, the Common Council of the city 



PRISONERS OF WAR. 307 

of Brooklyn again took this subject in hand, and petitioned the 
National Legislature to bury, and erect a monument over the 
bones of the revolutionary patriots who perished in the British 
prisons and prison-ships in New York. The bones are now de- 
posited in the ground owned in 1842 by Benjamin Romaine, Esq., 
on Long Island. The committee of Congress to whom this peti- 
tion was referred, made an adverse report, for fear of establish- 
ing a precedent for other similar petitions ! Will not this rich, 
powerful, and independent nation, even at the sacrifice of her 
last dollar, reconsider the matter, grant the petition, and erect 
the monument ! 

The imprisoned, emaciated, and dying patriots, in the dark 
hours of 1780, when nearly all hope of independence had fled 
forever, and when the deserter, tory, and traitor stalked over 
the land in fearful combination, reached forth their skeleton 
bands, wrote, and bequeathed this task to their countrymen in 
their dying hours: "If you are victorious, and our country 
emerges free and independent from the contest in which she is 
now engaged, but the end of which we are not permitted to 
see, bury us in her soil, and engrave our names on the monu- 
ment you shall erect over our bones, as victims who willingly 
surrendered their lives as a portion of the price paid for your 
liberties, and our departed spirits will never murmur, or regret 
the sacrifice we made to obtain for you the blessings you enjoy." 
The following is a List of the Principal American Commis- 
^ saries of Prisoners, with a List of Captured and Impri- 
soned Officers: 
Elias Boudinot, Commissary-general of Prisoners, appointed 

in 1776. 
John Beatty, Commissary-general of Prisoners. 
Abraham Skinner, do. do. 

John Adams, Assist. do. do. 

John Brooks, Assist. Com. of Is3ues. 
Thomas Bradford, Com. of Prisoners. 
Lewis Pintard, Agent for the prisoners at New York. 
Thomas.Franklin, Agent for the prisoners at Philadelphia. 



oU3 PRISONERS OF WAR. 

Charles Lee, Major-general, 
Second in command to the Commander-in-Chief, was captured 
at Baskinridge, N. J., in December, 1776, by Colonel Harcourt, 
of the British dragoons. A tory had visited the quarters of 
General Lee, to complain of the loss of a horse taken by his 
army, and on learning the whereabouts of the particular quar- 
ters of General Lee, the tory rode eighteen miles in the night to 
inform the British. Lee's quarters were three miles from the 
encampment of his army. At the time of his capture his guards 
had stacked arms, and were sunning themselves by the south 
side of the house, when the British dragoons galloped up, scat- 
tered the guards, took Lee, without hat, and in his slippers and 
blanket-coat, and triumphantly clattering off to the British 
camp at Brunswick, delivered up their queer-looking specimen 
of a prisoner. He was exchanged forlGeneral Prescott, on the 
6th of May, 1778. 

Maj. Gen. Lord Sterling 
Was taken prisoner at the battle of Long Island, August 27, 
1776, by the Hessians, under General De Heister, and was con- 
fined on board the British ship "Eagle 1 ' for about one month, 
when he was exchanged for Governor Brown, of Providence 
Island, who had been captured by Commodore Hopkins. 

Maj. Gen. John Sullivan 
Was also captured at the battle of Long Island, August 27, 
1776, by the Hessians, under the immediate command of Count 
Donop, and confined in the "Eagle," with Lord Stirling; but 
was paroled by Lord Howe, and sent by him to the Continental 
Congress with a verbal message, desiring a conference with a 
committee of that body. He remained a prisoner on parole for 
about three months and was exchanged for General Prescott. • 

Maj. Gen. Benjamin Lincoln 
Surrendered himself a prisoner of war to Sir Henry Clinton, at 
the fall of Charleston, May 12, 1780. He remained a prisoner 
on parole until November of the same year, when he was ex- 
changed, and in the spring of 1781 joined General Washington. 



prisoners op war. 309 

Maj. Gen. William Moultrie 
Was the second in command at the siege and fall of Charleston. 
He was, with General Lincoln, taken prisoner May 12, 1780, at 
the surrender of Charleston. He remained a prisoner on parole 
for about eighteen months, and returned to Charleston in 1782. 

Col. Ethan Allen 
Was captured in his attack on Montreal, Sept. 25, 1775, and car- 
ried to General Prescott, the commandant of the British post 
at that place. General Prescott asked him if he was that same 
Allen who captured Ticonderoga. On being told he was the 
very man, Prescott shook his cane over his head, put himself 
in a great rage, called him a rebel, and threatened his neck with 
a halter. He was exchanged May 6, 1778, as before observed. 

Brig. Gen. James Irvine, 
Of the Pennsylvania militia, was captured in his attack on the 
British Camp on Chestnut-Hill, near White Marsh, on the 5th 
of December, 1777. After a short skirmish, all his men fled, and 
left him wounded on the field. Gen. Irvine was sent to Philadel- 
phia, and put in confinement there. He received fifty dollars 
from Thomas Franklin, the agent for the prisoners in that city, 
to cheer him in his dungeon. In January, 1778, he was removed 
to New York. On the 3d December, 1780, Mr. Skinner, the Com- 
missary-general, advanced him 4,000 continental dollars, which, 
at the enormous rate of depreciation then existing, profited him 
but little. He was exchanged June 1, 1781. General Washing- 
ton, before he was properly acquainted with him, called him 
Ewing, which gave rise to many errors among historians 
about his name. To settle this question, he will be again 
referred to in a future page. 

Col. Nicholas Lutz, 
Of the Pennsylvania Flying-Camp, was captured at the battle 
of Long Island, August 27, 1776. On the 16th April, 1777, he was 
admitted to parole within certain bounds, and was exchanged 
September 10, 1779. He returned to his home at Reading, Pa., 
where he must have died shortly after, for it does not appear 
that he ever called on the commissaries of prisoners for any- 
thing that may have been due him during his imprisonment 
and parole. 



310 



PRISONERS OF WAR. 



Col. Michael Swope, 
Of the Pennsylvania Flying-Camp, a Fort Washington prisoner, 
was captured November 16, 1776. He was released on parole 
June 23, 1778, but again called into New York on the 8th of 
August, 1779, where he had to endure the confinement of his 
fellow-prisoners, martyrs for patriotism. He was exchanged at 
Elizabethtown, N. J., on the 26th of January, 1781, and re- 
turned home to Yorktown, Pa., on foot, a distance of 170 miles. 
He was very well supplied by Mr. Pintard, at New York, with 
"Continental dollars," which he readily sold at the rate of 
seventy-five for one in specie in the spring of 1780 ! The current 
exchange of the day was forty for one in specie, but the poor 
prisoners, robbed of their liberty, money, and life, could not 
get the advantages of the money market. 

Major George Tudor, 
Of the 3d Pennsylvania Regiment, commanded by Colonel 
Lambert Cadwallader, was captured at Fort Washington. At 
the time of his capture he was a captain, and the following 
soldiers of his company were taken prisoners with him on the 
memorable 16th of November, 1776 : 



Charles Fleming, 
John Wright, 
James McKinney, 
Ebenezer Stille, 
Jacob Leinhart, 
Abraham Van Gorden, 
Peter Daubert, 
William Carbury, 
John McDowell, 
William McKague, 
Henry Parker, 
James Burns, 
Henry Kepler, 
Baltus Weigh, 
Charles Beason, 
Leonard Huber, 
John McCarroll, 
Jacob Guiger, 



John May, 
Daniei Adams, 
George McCormick, 
Jacob Kettle, 
Jacob Miller, 
George Neason, 
James Kearney, 
David Sutor, 
Adam Bridel. 
Christian Mull, 
Daniel Mc Knight, 
Corne-lius Westbrook, 
Luke Murphy, 
Joseph Conklia, 
Adam Dennis, 
Edward Ogden, 
William Scoonover, 
James Rosencrants. 



PRISONERS OF WAR. 311 

Those unfortunate and devoted patriots endured the horrors 
of the prison-ships and prison-houses of New York ; nor is it 
known that they were ever exchanged by a kinder interposi- 
tion than death. They lived to inscribe their names high up 
on the sombre walls of their prison, and died martyrs for the 
cause of American freedom, appealing with their fellow-prisoners 
to their countrymen that in case American Independence should 
ever be achieved, a monument would be erected over their 
bones, which were washed and exposed on the shores of the 
Wallabout. 

Major Tudor was exchanged May 10, 1778, and repaired 
quickly to join his regiment, then at Schoharie. N. Y. 

Major Thomas L. Byles, 
Of Colonel Lambert Cadwallader's 3d Pennsylvania Regiment, 
was another of the prisoners of Fort Washington, captured 
November 16, 1776. He was Captain from the 1st of August, 
1776, to June 8, 1777, when he was promoted to Major. He was 
exchanged March 1, 1778, and hastened to join his regiment at 
Valley Forge. He died in service on the first day of February, 
1779. 

Maj. John Poulson, 
Of the 8th Virginia Regiment, was captured October 5, 1777. — 
He was Captain from July 1, 1777, to May 12, 1779, when he was 
promoted to Major. He was exchanged November 2, 1780, at 
Elizabethtown, N. J., and returned to his home in Accomack 
county, Va. He subsequently joined the army, and served to 
the end of the war. 

Adjutant John Johnson, 
Of Colonel Baxter's Flying-Camp, was captured at Fort Wash- 
ington, November 16, 1776. He received 3650 Continental dol- 
lars and £204 while imprisoned. He was exchange! November 
2, 1780; and returned to his home in Buckingham township, 
Buck's county, Pa., when his military career seems to have 
ended. 



312 prisoners of war. 

Adjutant Daniel Kennedy, 
Of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment, was captured April 17, 1778. 
He was Sergeant from September 1, 1776, to February 15, 1777, 
when he was promoted to Lieutenant, and to Adjutant the 15th 
of June, 1777. Prisoners always received promotion according 
to rule as though they were in active service. Major Samuel 
Benezet kindly supplied Adjutant Kennedy with money and 
provisions. It appears that he spent [most of the time of his 
captivity in Philadelphia, and received the special attention of 
Colonel William Palfrey, Paymaster-general. He was exchang- 
ed August 1, 1780. 

Ferdinand J. S. De Brahm, 
Major of Engineers, was captured at the surrender of Charles- 
ton, May 12, 1780. He was confined a prisoner in that city, and 
received cash and supplies to the amount of about 3000 Conti- 
nental dollars from John Sanford Dart, Deputy Paymaster- 
general for the Southern Army, and Mr. Fisher, Commissary of 
Prisoners. He was exchanged April 22, 1781, and appeared in 
Philadelphia on the 17th of July of that year, where he suc- 
ceeded in selling his "Continental dollars" at the rate of forty 
for one in specie. 

Baron Charles De Fret, 
Captain of light-dragoons in Count Pulaski's Legion. He was 
captured February 1, 1778, and released July 1, 1778. 

Captain William Crawford, 
Of the 5th Regiment of Pennsylvania, another Fort Washing- 
ton captive, taken November 16, 1776. He was Lieutenant from 
September 1, 1776, to May 1, 1777, when he was promoted to 
Captain. He received supplies from Lewis Pintard, agent for 
the New York prisoners, and was exchanged December 18, 1780. 
He returned to Philadelphia, and subsequently returned to his 
regiment and served to the end of the war. 

Captain John Richardson, 
Of the 5th Regiment of Pennsylvania, another Fort Washing- 
ton prisoner, taken November 16, 1776. He received supplies 



PRISONERS OF WAR. 313 

from Lewis Pintard, agent of the prisoners at New York, and 
was exchanged October 31, 1778. He became a supernumerary 
on the new arrangement of the army in 1778, received "half-pay 
November 1, 1778, to May 22, 1779, agreeable to a resolve of 
Congress of November 24, 1778," and "one year's pay allowed 
to supernumerary officers, agreeable to a resolve of Congress 
May 22, 1779." 

Captain Bateman Lloyd, 
Of the 2d Regiment of New Jersey, was captured February 27, 
1778. He received his supplies from Lewis Pintard, at New 
York, and Thomas Franklin, at Philadelphia. He was ex- 
changed at Elizabethtown, N. J., on the 1st of April, 1781, and 
made his way, 116 miles on foot, to his place of abode in Salem, 
in that State. All the imprisoned officers were offered their 
liberty in case they would enlist in the British cause, and the 
inhuman keepers of their prisons always held this temptation 
before them. Foul subornation of treason! Lord Howe, where 
was thy blush ? 

Captain Robert Sample, 
Of the 10th Regiment of Pennsylvania, was captured March 7, 
1778. He received his supplies from Thomas Franklin at Phila- 
delphia, and Lewis Pintard and John Adams at New York. He 
was exchanged November 4, 1780, at Elizabethtown, N. J., and 
returned to his home, 170 miles, to Bucks county, Pa., but re- 
turned to the army, and served to the end of the war. Captain 
Sample was a fine scholar and a meritorious officer. 

Captain Thomas McIntire 
Commanded an independent company. The circumstances of 
his capture and imprisonment appear nowhere on record, yet his 
name is among the prisoners of 1780. He was Ensign from 
August 1, 1777, to January 1, 1778, when he was promoted to a 
Lieutenant ; and on the 8th of March, 1779, he was made Cap- 
tain of an Independent Company, and some part of his time 
harrassed the confederated savages in the valley of the Wyom- 
ing. 



314 prisoners of war. 

Captain Robert Caldwell, * 

of Colonel Samuel I. Atlee's Regiment. Captain Caldwell and 
Colonel Atlee were both Fort Washington prisoners. I have 
met with no particulars of Colonel Atlee's imprisonment and 
exchange. Captain Caldwell was Lieutenant from September 
1, 1776, and was promoted to Captain November 16, 1776, the 
same day of his capture. He received supplies from Lewis Pin- 
tard and Elias Boudinot at New York, and was exchanged 
April 15, 1779, at Elizabethtown, N. J., and made his way to 
Philadelphia, a distance of eighty miles. I have no account of 
his return to the service. 

Captain James Moore, 
Of Colonel Hall's Delaware Regiment, was captured January 
20, 1778. Lewis Pintard to Colonel Hall, under the date of 
March 4, 1781, states that Captain Moore received from him, by 
order of John Beatty, Commissary-general of Prisoners, £107 
7*. 5d., while a prisoner in New York ; and Thomas Franklin 
says that he advanced him £8 7s. i\d. at Philadelphia; and 
John Adams at Elizabethtown says he advanced him 276 Conti- 
nental dollars. He was exchanged December 7, 1780, at Eliza- 
bethtown, and made his way to Dover, in the State of Dela- 
ware, a distance of 170 miles. He soon joined his regiment, and 
dealt out hot revenge on his remorseless captors until the close 
of the war. 

Captain Matthew Knox, 
Of Colonel Lambert Cadwallader and Colonel John Shee's 3d 
Pennsylvania Regiment, was another of the ill-starred Fort 
Washington prisoners, captured November 16, 1776. He was 
commissioned as Lieutenant January 5, 1776, and promoted to a 
captaincy October 11, 1776, in the place of Captain West, pro- 
moted to Major. Lewis Pintard advanced him £72 75. 8d. while 
a prisoner in New York. He received "half-pay from October 
23, 1778, to May 22, 1779, agreeable to a resolution of Congress of 
the 24th of November, 1778," and "one year's pay allowed to 
supernumerary officers, agreeable to a resolve of Congress of 



PRISONERS OF WAR. 315 

May 22, 1779." He was exchanged October 22, 1778, at Eliza- 
bethtown, and returned to his home in Philadelphia, a dis- 
tance of eighty miles, which appears to have closed his military 
career. 

Captain Samuel Culbertson, 
Of Colonel Montgomery's Regiment of Flying Camp, a Fort 
Washington prisoner, was captured November 16, 1776. He was 
a prisoner, within certain bounds on Long Island, until August 
16, 1779, when he was ordered into the the city prisons of New 
York. Lewis Pintard and Colonel Palfrey supplied him in 1776 
and 1777 with money. He was exchanged November 2, 1780, at 
Elizabethtown, N. J., and made his way, 110 miles, to his place 
of abode at Yellow Springs, Pa. Captain Culbertson was pos- 
sessed of fine literary abilities, and military talents. 

Captain John McDonald, 
Of Colonel Swope's Regiment of Pennsylvania Flying Camp, 
was another Fort Washington prisoner, captured November 16, 
1776. He was paroled on Long Island, June 28, 1777. I have no 
account of his place of confinement from the time of his cap- 
ture to the time of his parole. He was ordered into New York 
prisons on the 9th of August, 1779, and received supplies from 
Lewis Pintard, Agent, John Beatty and Abraham Skinner, 
Commissaries-general of Prisoners, and John Brooks, Assistant 
Commissary of Issues. He was exchanged at Elizabethtown, 
N. J., November 2, 1780, and made his way to his home in 
Yorktown, a distance of 170 miles. 

Captain Alexander Graydon, 
Of Colonel Lambert Cadwallader's 3d Regiment of Pennsyl- 
vania, was also captured at Fort Washington, November 16, 
1776. Captain Graydon was confined on Long Island until July 
7, 1777, when he was admitted to parole by the enemy, and 
visited General Washington's camp at Morristown. Colonel 
Cadwallader kindly supplied Mrs. Graydon, at Reading, with 
money to the amount of £293 Gs. during her husband's imprison- 
ment. Captain Graydon was exchanged by Elias Boudinot, 



316 PRISONERS OF WAR. 

Commissary-general of Prisoners, on the 15th of April, 1778, 
at Elizabethtown, from whence he returned to his place of 
abode at Reading, Pa., a distance of 136 miles. I have no 
account of his return to the service. He was a gentleman of 
high literary attainments, and was the author of an exceedingly 
interesting work entitled "Graydon's Memoirs of the Revolu- 
tion." 

Captain John Stotesbury, 
Of the 11th and 6th Pennsylvania Regiments, was captured 
March 10, 1778, and confined in Philadelphia until the 10th of 
June of the same year, when he was admitted to parole. On 
the 1st of January, 1779, he was called into New York, and con- 
fined there. He was supplied with money, &c, by Thomas 
Franklin, John Beatty, Lewis Pintard, Thomas Bradford, and 
John Adams. He was exchanged December 31, 1780, at Eliza- 
bethtown, and made his way home to Philadelphia. Captain 
Stotesbury was a well-educated gentleman, and an efficient 
officer. 

Captain Robert Patton, 
Of the 11th Pennsylvania Reeiment, was captured in a skirmish 
on the 27th October, 1776. He was supplied by Lewis Pintard, 
John Beatty, and Abraham Skinner, and was exchanged at 
Elizabethtown, January 3, 1781, and went to his home at York- 
town. He soon returned to the army, and served to the end of 
tne war. 

Captain James Elliott ' 
Commanded an independent company in Pennsylvania. His 
name is found among the prisoners, but nothing as to the par- 
ticulars of his capture and exchange. He was Lieutenant from 
February 27, 1778, and Captain from March 8, 1779. No traces 
of his service are found beyond August 1, 1780, but circum- 
stances warrant the presumption that he served to the end of 
the war. 

Lieutenant Matthew Bennett, 
Of Colonel Baxter's Regiment of Flying-Camp, was another 



PRISONERS OF WAR. 317 

Fort Washington prisoner, captured November 16, 1776. He 
was imprisoned in the city of New York, and received supplies 
from Lewis Pintard, and afterwards from John Adams, at 
Elizabethtown, and was exchanged at the latter place, Decem- 
ber 8, 1780. He returned to t his place of abode, in Bucks 
county, Pa. 

Lieutenant Robert Brown, 
Of Colonel Baxter's Flying-Camp, was captured at Fort Wash- 
ington, November 16, 1776. He was confined in New York, and 
received supplies from Mr. Pintard, and from the Com.' Gen., 
Mr. Skinner. He was exchanged at Elizabethtown, January 25, 
1781, and returned to his heme in Northampton county, Pa. 

Lieutenant Lewis Johnston Costigin, 
Of the 1st Regiment of New Jersey, another Fort Washington 
prisoner, was captured in a skirmish November 13, 1776, three 
days prior to the memorable 16th. He was confined in the New 
York Sugar-house, and received no supplies from the Commis- 
saries. He seems to have been a special object of hate for his 
royal captors. He received "half-pay, agreeable to a resolve of 
Congress November 24, 1780," and "one year's pay allowed to 
supernumerary officers by a resolve of Congress of May 22, 
1779." He returned to his place of abode at New Brunswick, 
N. J., and it appears never afterwards took the field,— all of 
which is given as stated by a Thomas Lowry of those times. 

Lieutenant Joseph Martin, 
Of Colonel Baxter's Flying-Camp, was another^Fort Washing- 
ton prisoner, captured November 16, 1776, and confined in New 
York city. He was supplied by Mr. Pintard and Mr. Bradford 
with specie and Continental currency, and was exchanged No- 
vember 2, 1770, at Elizabethtown. He returned to his place of 
abode, a distance of 150 miles, in Northampton county, Pa. 

Lieutenant William Young, 
Of Colonel McAllister's Flying-Camp, a Fort Washington pris- 
oner, captured November 16, 1776. He received his supplies 
from Mr. Boudinot, Com. Gen. of prisoners, and from Mr. 



318 PRISONERS OF WAR. 

Adams and Mr. Bradford. He was exchanged December 8, 1780, 
at Elizabethtown, and returned to his home in Chansford town- 
ship, York county, Pa , a distance of 166 miles. 

Lieutenant John Vance Hyatt, 
Of Colonel Hall's Delaware Regiment, was captured by the 
British April 25, 1778. John Beatty, Commissary-general of 
Prisoners, supplied him with £107 5s. 2d., through the hands of 
Lewis Pintard, agent for prisoners in New York. Mr. Skinner 
advanced him cash for 96 weeks' board, and Mr. Bradford, in 
June, 1781, forked over to him 1000 Continental dollars, which 
he sold at the rate of 75 for 1 in specie. He was exchanged 
March 31, 1781, at Elizabethtown, and returned to his home, 140 
miles, into the State of Delaware, but subsequently joined his 
regiment, and served to the end of the war. 

Lieutenant Zacharias Shugart, 
Of Colonel Swope's Pennsylvania Flying-Camp, was captured 
at Fort Washington November 16, 1776, and confined in the city 
of New York. He received supplies from Mr. Pintard and Mr. 
Bradford, exchanged December 31, 1780, and returned home to 
Yorktown. 

Lieutenant Hezekiah Davis, 
Of Colonel Montgomery's Regiment of Flying Camp, was cap- 
tured at Fort Washington November 16, 1776, and imprisoned 
in New York. He received from Mr. Pintard £64 155. 2d., from 
Mr. Beatty, £143 7s. Ad., eighty weeks' board from Mr. Skinner, 
266 dollars from Mr. Adams, and 1469 dollars from Mr. Bradford. 
He was exchanged December 8, 1780, at Elizabethtown, and re- 
turned to his home in Chester county, Pa. 

Lieutenant Andrew Robinson. 
Of the 11th Pennsylvania Regiment, commissioned September 
13, 1776, was captured at Fort Washington November 16, 1776, 
and confined in New York. He received supplies from Mr. Pin- 
tard and others, and a warrant for 1000 dollars from General 
Washington. He was exchanged January 4, 1781, and returned 
to his home in Yorktown, Pa. 



prisoners of war. 819 

Lieutenant John Irwin, 
Of Colonel Baxter's Regiment of Flying- Camp, was captured 
at Fort Washington November 16, 1776, and confined in New 
York. He received supplies from Mr. Pintard and Mr. Beatty, 
and was exchanged at Elizabethtown February 18, 1781, and re- 
turned to his home in Bucks county, Pa. 

Lieutenant Thomas Wynn, 
Of Colonel Montgomery's Regiment of Flying Camp, was also 
captured at Fort Washington November 16, 1776, and confined 
in New York. He received some supplies from the agent for 
the prisoners in New York ; was exchanged at Elizabethtown 
January 1, 1781, and returned to his home, a distance of 120 
miles, in Chester county, Pa. 

Lieutenant Jonathan Smith, 
Of Colonel Bowman's 8th Virginia Regiment, was captured 
October 1, 1777. He was Ensign until April 4, 1778, when he 
was promoted to a Lieutenant. He was confined in New York, 
and received the attention of Mr. Pintard ; was exchanged 
December 15, 1780, at Elizabethtown, and returned to his home 
at Fredericksburg, Va., a distance of 360 miles, but returned to 
his regiment, and served to the end of the war. 

Lieutenant Robert Darlington, 
Of Colonel Watts' Regiment of Flying Camp, was captured at 
Fort Washington, November 16, 1776, and was confined on Long 
Island. He was admitted to parole May 26, 1777, but was 
ordered into the New York city prisons on the 17th of August, 
1779, where he was supplied by Mr. Pintard and Mr. Beatty, 
and was honored, on the 6th of June, 1777, with a warrant for 
167 dollars from his Excellency General Washington. He was 
exchanged at Elizabethtown on the 14th of May, 1781, and 
returned to his home in Chester county, Pa. Lieutenant Dar- 
lington was an "able officer, a ripe scholar, and polite gentle- 
man." 



320 prisoners of war. 

Lieutenant Samuel McClellan, 
Of Colonel Montgomery's Flying-Camp, was also captured at 
Fort Washington, November 16, 1776, and confined on Long 
Island. He was admitted to parole on the 20th of May 1777, but 
was on the 29th of September, 1779, ordered into the prisons in 
New York. He received the attention of Mr. Pintard, Mr. Skin- 
ner, and Mr. Adams, who furnished him with supplies. He 
was exchanged Dec. 7, 1780, and returned to his home in 
Chester county, Pa. 

Lieutenant Warner Wynn, 
Of Colonel Montgomery's Flying-Camp, was captured at Fort 
Washington, November 16, 1776, and confined in New York, 
where Mr. Pintard advanced him £10 10s. 3d. There appears 
no account of his exchange, and the time of his imprisonment 
cannot be ascertained beyond May 1, 1777. It would appear 
that he escaped from the British and joined the Americans in 
his former company. 

David Love, Surgeon 
To the North Carolina Brigade, appears among the New York 
prisoners, yet no account of his capture nor exchange can be 
found. He served as Surgeon from 18th August, 1779, to August 
1, 1781, and received 75 dollars per month pay. 

Ensign John Thompson, 
Of Colonel Morgan's Pennsylvania Militia, was captured 
January 3, 1777, and confined in New York, where Mr. Pintard 
advanced him £64 and 300 dollars. He was exchanged at Eliza- 
bethtown, August 26, 1778, and returned to his place of abode 
in Philadelphia county, Pa. 

The following List of American Prisoners were released from 
Captivity at Elizabethtown, N. J"., oy John Adams, Commis- 
sary of Prisoners, at the date written opposite their names. 
John Harper, Brigade Major, Pa., Nov. 4, 1780. 
John Wells, Major, 2d Va. Regt., Nov. 8, 1780. 
William B. Gifford, Lieutenant, 3d N. J. Regt., Nov. 22, 1780. 
Gabriel Blakeney, Lieutenant, Col. Watts' Flying-Camp, Nov. 22, 1780. 
John Riley, Lieutenant, Col. Webb's Conn. Regt., Dec. 3, 1780. 



PRISONERS OF WAR. 321 

William Robertson, Adjutant, 9th Va. Regt., Dec. 3, 1780. 

Joseph Payne, Ensign, 9th Va. Regt., Dec. 3, 1780. 

Asa Lay, Lieutenant, Col. Meigs' Conn. Regt., Dec. 3, 1780. 

Abraham Stout, Lieutenant, 2d N. J. Regt., Dec. 3, 1780. 

Ebenezer West, Adjutant, Col. Ely's Conn. Regt., Dec. 3, 1780. 
-William Martin, Lieutenant, Col. Proctor's Pa. Artillery, Dec. 4 1780. 

James Smith, Lieutenant, Col. Proctor's Pa. Artillery, Dec. 4, 1780. 

John Cozens, Captain, N. J. Regt., Dec. 8, 1780. 

Samuel McElhatton, Ensign, Col. Watts' Flying-Camp, Dec. 8, 1780. 

John Crawford, Lieutenant. Col. Watts' Flying-Camp, Dec. 8, 1780. 

Ephrayn Hunter, Lieutentant, Col. Watts' Flying-Camp, Dec. 8, 1780. 

Henry Clayton, Lieutenant, Col. Swope's Flying-Camp, Dec. 8, 1780. 

Benjamin Davis, Lieutentant, Col. Montgomery's Flying-Camp, Dec. 8, 1780. 

Hugh King, Lieutenant, Col. Baxter's Flying-Camp, Dec. 8, 1780. 

Jacob Mumme, Ensign, Col. Baxter's Flying-Camp, Dec. 8, 1780. 

Thomas Warman, Lieutenant, Col. Rawling's Md. Regt., Dec. 8, 1780. 

Samuel Fisher, Captain, 2d Regt. Northumberland Militia, Dec. 8, 1780. 

Joseph Thompson, Lieut. Col. of Massachusetts, Dec. 8, 1780. 

Henry Lyles, Lieutenant, 3d Md. Regt., Dec. 22. 1780. 

James Winchester, Lieutenant, 3d Md. Regt., Dec. 22, 1780. 

Abraham Watson, Captain, 3d Mass. Regt., Dec. 22, 1780. 

Jonathan Maynard, Lieutenant, 7th Mass. Regt., Dec. 22, 1780. 

Stephen Townsend, Ensign, 6th Mass. Regt., Dec. 22, 1780. 

Thomas Parker, Lieutenant, 9th Va. Regt., Dec. 22, 1780. 

Thomas Paine, Lieutenant, 9th Va. Regt., Dec. 22, 1780. 

James Anderson, Lieutenant, Col. Hazen's Regt., Dec. 22, 1780. 

Ebenezer Carson, Lieutenant, 10th Pa. Regt., Dec 22, 1780. 

Jacob Weaver, Captain, 10th Pa. Regt., Dec. 22, 1780. 

Levi Bradley, Ensign, 4th Mass. Regt., Dec. 22, 1780. 

James Whitlock, Lieutenant, Monmouth Militia, Dec. 22, 1780. 

Samuel Culver, Ensign, Col. Cook's Regt., Dec. 22, 1780. 

J. Brainard, Lieutenant, 4th Regt. State Troops, Dec. 22, 1780. 

John Smith, Lieutenant, Col. Walker's Va. Regt., Dec. 22, 1780. 

William Ellis, Major, N. J. Militia, Dec. 22, 1780. 

John Weidman, Lieutenant, German Regt., Pa., Dec. 30, 1780. 

John Eccleston, Major, 5th Md. Regt., Dec. 30, 1780. 

William Hill, Lieutenant, 2d Maryland Regt., Dec. 30, 1780. 

Aquilla Giles, Major and Aide-de-Camp to Maj. Gen. St. Clair, Nov. 10, 1780. 

Richard Dorsey, Captain, Md. Artillery, a prisoner on parole from the 
spring of 1781 to the end of the war. 
Capt. John Reid acted as escort of the British prisoners from 

Fort Frederick, in Maryland, to Elizabethtown, N. J., the place 

of exchange. 

The following List of American Officers, prisoners at New York, 
were exchanged by Abraham Skinner, Commissary-general 
of Prisoners, on or abont the dates opposite their names. 

John Ely, Colonel, Connecticut, Dec. 5, 1780. 

Nathaniel Ramsay, Lieut. Colonel, Maryland line, Dec. 14, 1780. 

Luke Marbury, Colonel, Maryland Militia, March 26, 1781. 



322 PRISONERS OF WAR. 

James Abbott, Ensign, Ely's Conn. Regt., Dec. 17, 1781. 

"William Andrews, Lieutenant, Crane's Mass. Artillery, March 19, 1781. 

Richard Andrews, Lieutenant, 2d N. C. Regt., March 26, 1781. 

George Blewer, Lieutenant, 4th Pa. Regt., Jan. 29, 1781. 

Henry Brewster, Lieutenant, Allison's N. T. Regt., Dec. 17, 1780. 

Edward Bulkley, Lieutenant, Webb's Conn. Regt., Dec. 17, 1780. 

Gabriel Blakeley, Lieutenant, Col. Watts' Flying-Camp, Nov. 23, 1780. 

Charles Clark, Lieutenant, Col. Watts' Flying-Camp, Jan. 29, 1781. 

Joseph Cox, Lieutenant, 6th Pa. Regt., Jan. 29, 1781. 

Charles Croxall, Lieutenant, 11th Pa. Regt., Nov. 23, 1780. 

Johu Craig, Lieutenant, Col. Baxter's Flying-Camp, Mar. 19, 1781. 

Ephraim Douglass, Quartermaster, 8th Pa. Regt., Nov. 27, 1780. 

John Duguid, Lieutenant, 3d Pa. Regt., Nov. 10, 1780. 

John H. Finley, Lieutenant, 5th Pa. Regt., Jan. 22, 1781. 

William Ferguson, Captain, Col. Proctor's Pa. Artillery, Dec. 1, 1780. 

Samuel Finley, Lieutenant, Pa. Artillery, Nov. 2, 1780. 

James W. Gray, Captain, 5th Md. Regt., Feb. 10, 1781. 

Jesse Grant, Lieutenant, Col. Webb's Conn. Regt., Dec. 17, 1780. 

George Gilchrist, Captain, 9th Va. Regt., Nov. 2, 1780. 

William George, Lieutenant, Rawling's Md. Regt., Nov. 2, 1780. 

Erasmus Gill, Lieutenant, 4th Pa. Regt. of Dragoons, Oct. 22, 1780. 

John Green, Ensign, Pa. Militia, Mar. 26, 1781. 

Elisha Hopkins, Adjutant, Col. Webb's Conn. Regt., Dec. 17, 1780. 

Henry Hambright, Captain, Pa. Flying-Camp, Nov. 4, 1780. 

Edward Hall, Lieutenant, 16th additional regiment Md., Nov. 5, 1780. 

James Janney, Lieutenant, 5th Regt. Pa., Jan. 29, 1781. 

James Jones, Lieutenant, Pa. Flying-Camp, Jan. 29, 1781. 

Daniel Jamison, Lieutenant, Col. Baxter's Flying-Camp, Mar. 26, 1781. 

James Krpnkhite, Captain, Col. Drake's N. Y. Regt., Dec. 17, 1780. 

Isaac Keeler, Lieutenant, Col. Drake's N. Y. Regt., Mar. 19, 1781. 

Thomas H. Lucket, Lieutenant, Md. Line, Nov. 2, 1780. 

Samuel Logan, Major, N. Y., Militia, Dec. 21, 1780. 

Nathaniel Lawrence, Lieutenant, 2d S. C. Regt., April 18, 1781. 

Henry Murflts, Lieutenant, Pa. Flying-Camp, Jan. 29, 1781. 

George Mathews, Colonel, 9th Va. Regt., Dec. 5, 1781. 

John Mercer, Lieutenant, 1st N. J. Regt., Nov. 6, 1780. 

Sands Niles, Ensign, Col. Ely's Conn. Regt., Mar. 19, 1781. 

Solomon Pendleton, Lieutenant, Col. Dubois' N. Y. Regt., Feb. 8, 1781. 

William Preston, Captain, Pa. Militia Artillery, Jan. 29, 1781. 

David Poor, Lieutenant, Col. Hutchinson's Mass. Regt., Dec. 17, 1780. 

Nathaniel Pendleton, Lieutenant, Col. Rawling's Md. Regt., Oct. 18, 178 

Abraham Parsons, Lieutenant, N. J. Militia, Mar. 26, 1781. 

Thomas Rouse, Ensign, 2d Md. Regt., Feb. 10, 1781. 

Thomas Reed, Ensign, Pa. Flying-Camp, Nov. 4, 1780. 

Samuel Rutherford, Ensign, Pa. Flying-Camp, Nov. 4, 1780. 

Cornelius Swartwout, Captain, N. Y. Artillery, Dec. 17, 1780. 

Henry Swartwout, Lieutenant, Col. Dubois' N. Y. Regt., Dec. 17, 1780. 

Roger Staynor, Captain, Pa. Flying-Camp, Nov. 4, 1780. 

Smith Snead, Captain, 9th Va. Regt., Nov. 2, 1780. 

Andrew Thompson, Ensign, Col. Speucer's Regt., Dec. 17, 1780. 

Edward Tillard, Major, Congress Regt., Nov. 2, 1780. 

John Willis, Captain, 8th Va. Regt., Jan. 29, 1781. 



PRISONERS OF WAR. 323 

Ebenezer West, Adjutant, Col. Ely's Conn. Regt., Dec. 3, 1780. 
Robert Walker, Lieutenant, Col. Brewer's Regt., April 4, 1781. 

Note.— The preceding list includes all the principal captive officers of 
the Continental army who remained in prison any considerable length of 
time. Many others were captured, but soon exchanged. We have no 
account of the naval prisoners from which anything like a complete list 
could be made. 

If there is any class of patriots more deserving of the gratitude of a 
nation than another, it is these captives, who dwelt in dungeons for their 
country's sake. Their names should be quickly snatched from the verge of 
oblivion, and inscribed in letters of gold upon the loftiest monument ever 
erected to perpetuate the memories of a nation's birth. 



GENERAL ORDERS AND COURTS MARTIAL 

OF THE 

COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, AND OTHER DISTINGUISHED 
OFFICERS, IN 1776, 1777, AND 1778. 



Williamsburg, April 1, 1T76. 

For the future, the Quartermaster-general, Commissary, and 
Wagonmaster, will attend regularly at head-quarters at 10 
o'clock, unless detached on public business— a return to be 
given in of ammunition, ordinance, &c. 

The General has observed that detachments of troops march 
into and out of town without the least ceremony, contrary to 
all military customs and regulations. The Adjutant-general 
will post a sufficient number to prevent such irregularities in 
future. The field-officers of the day will be responsible that no 
party enter in or march out of the town without previously ac- 
quainting the General or commanding officer of the place. 
Field-officer for to-morrow — Colonel Bucknor. On guard — 
Captain Massie, Lieutenant Talieferro, Lieutenant Avery, 

Lieutenant Curd. 

By order, 

A. Lewis, Brig. Gen. 

Williamsburg, April 4, lTTii. 
The Continental Congress has appointed Thomas Bullitt 
Deputy Adjutant-general, with the rank of Lieutenant-colonel. 
He is to be obeyed and respected as such. The 6th regiment to 
be under arms to-morrow at 10 o'clock. Major Green is the 
field-officer to-morrow. 

A. Lewis, B. G. 



ADJT. GEN. BULLITT'S ORDERS. 325 

Williamsburg, April 4, 1776. 
A subaltern and twenty-five men -will take the guard at the 
point of Queen's Creek (now consisting of only a Sergeant and 
twelve men). The subaltern is to detach from his guard a Cor- 
poral and six men to the point of King's Creek, below Mr. Bur- 
well's house. Sentinels must be placed on the point, to give 
notice of any tenders or enemy's vessels. This subaltern guard 

to be released weekly. 

Thomas Bullitt, D. A. Gen. 

Williamsburg, May 3, 1776. 

As General Lee will remain here but a few days, all returns of 
guards, fatigues, and duties of every kind, will be given to 
General Lewis. The captains of the different companies are 
desired to consign over to Captain William Green, Lieutenant 
Timothy Kelly, and Josiah Singleton, mate., of the Roe galley, 
whatever men they have in their respective companies for sea 
and river service. 

William Russell is appointed Wagonmaster-general until the 
pleasure of Congress is known. 

It was established by General Washington, as a mark of dis- 
tinction, that the general officers, aides-de camp, and brigade- 
majors might be known to the soldiers, that a Major-general 
should wear a purple or blue ribbon, a Brigadier, a pink or light 
red, the Staff and Adjutant-general, a green, &c. 

Thomas Bullitt, D. A. Gen. 
Williamsburg, May 12, 1776. 

As the office of Quartermaster-general in all armies is an office 
of the highest trust and dignity, and generally honored with a 
rank in proportion to the trust ; and the present Quartermas- 
ter-general of the Continental army in Canada having the rank 
of Colonel, General Lee thinks he shall not do justice to Mr. 
Finney, whose real activity and abilities, from his short ac- 
quaintance, gives him the greatest reason to recommend him to 
the Congress as a subject on whom they ought to confer some 
respectable rank. Mr. Finney, until further action of the Con- 
gress, is to hold rank as youngest Lieutenant-colonel in the 
army. * Charles Lee. 



326 ORDERS FOR GUARD. 

Middlebrook, June 12, 1777. 

The General thinks it necessary to establish the following 
regulations for guard, and hopes that officers will consider them 
as the rule of practice, and make themselves well acquainted 
with them: 

When any guard arrives at the post assigned it, the officer's 
first care must be to place his sentinels properly, according to 
circumstances. The guard should remain under arms while this 
is doing, and if it be at an outpost, or anywhere near the 
enemy, temporary sentries should be placed at a small distance 
to avoid surprise while the commissioned officer reconnoitres 
the situation of the post to know where his sentries should be 
placed for a continuance. This is to be done in case the ground 
has not been beforehand examined, and particular direction 
given about the matter, or in case he does not relieve some other 
guard ; but if he relieves another, he is to receive all the orders 
given to the officer of the old guard, on receiving which, together 
with those he received from the brigadier and field-officers of 
the day, he is punctually to observe. If any difference between 
them arises, he is to obey the latter in preference. He is imme- 
diately to send a party under a trusty officer of the old guard to 
relieve the sentries thereof, who are to return to the guards they 
belong to. If the guard be of such a nature, as other matters, 
other than the security of the post, may be intrusted to it, they 
must be contained in a written report, and an officer of the new, 
accompanied by an officer of the old, must be sent to take them 
in charge, comparing the things themselves with the report, 
and seeing all is right. 

The sentries of the old guard having joined it, the offices is to 
march it back whence it came in the greatest order and decorum, 
then send off the detachments, under an officer to each, to join 
their corps, observing regularity on the way. After placing his 
sentries, the officer of the new guard is to make the men lodge 
their arms, first giving them the orders necessary to govern 
their conduct. Care must be taken to lodge their arms in such 



ORDERS FOR GUARD. 327 

a manner that each man may have recourse to his own in a 
a moment. In most cases it is best the arms should be grounded 
on the guard parade during the day. No man to put off his 
accoutrements on any pretence whatever. 

This done, the commanding officer, attended by a couple of 
men, is to visit all his sentries, to see that they are posted right, 
and instruct them in the line of their duty. His next care is to 
take such precaution for the security of his post by forming 
abatis, digging ditches, and raising parapets, as circumstances 
require. To guard against a surprise, or repel any sudden at- 
tack, he will make himself acquainted, not only with all the 
great roads leading to the enemy, or army he belongs to, bat he 
should search out every by path and avenue, by which he may 
the more easily send his parties to reconnoitre the enemy, and 
make his retreat good in any emergency. He should have 
scouting parties all day and patrols all night, going towards the 
enemy in his rear and on his flanks, to give intelligence of their 
motions, and timely notice of any attempts they may be making. 
If the notice can be given without firing, it will be best ; if not, 
it must be done by firing — the scouts and patrols retreating by 
way of the sentries to alarm them. 

Visiting rounds should be going all night to see that the sen- 
tries are at their posts, alert, and acquainted with every partic- 
ular of their duty. 

The break of day being the most favorable time for an attack 
or surprise of a guard, officers will be careful not turn out his 
guard until an hour after sunrise, and to have his visiting 
rounds and patrols going more than ordinary. From watching 
through the night, they towards morning grow drowsy and list- 
less, and are the more liable to a surprise. An officer's reputa- 
tion calls for him to guard against this evil. 

A guard is bound to maintain their post as long as possible ; 
but if likely to be overpowered with numbers, it is best to make 
a skirmishing retreat, firing all the way it goes to give the 
alarm, and taking advantage of every defile, morass, wood, and 



328 ORDERS FOR GUARD. 

every "advantageous spot it can find, to delay the enemy. If the 
enemy do not pursue, but return after having dislodged the 
guard, it is to resume the post, first taking measures to be sure 
all is safe. 

If two guards are so placed as to have the same object in view, 
and depend upon each other, they must be attentive to every 
thing that befall one another, and act in concert. If either is 
attacked, the other must not only put itself in a posture of de- 
fence, but must keep patrols continually going, to bring intelli- 
gence of what is doing. If the one attacked retreats, the other 
must retreat also ; if it returns, the other must in like manner. 
These things depend on circumstances, and the orders of the 
Brigadier-general and field-officers of the day; and parties of 
whatever kind coming towards the out guard are to be stopped 
by the out-sentries, and notice given to the guard, which in 
most cases is to be returned out, and the officer in most cases to 
send a proper person to examine such parties, and give his orders 
accordingly. All flags must be stopped at the out-sentries, and 
the officer of the guard to meet them there. If they are charged 
with letters, or any matters that can be communicated to them, 
he is to receive them, and transmit them immediately to the 
Major-general of the day, and his orders receive. 

No officer or soldier is to sleep a moment on guard, and no 
cooking to go on while on guard. The men must either carry 
their provisions ready dressed, or have them sent to them — the 
former is preferable. No man is to presume to be out of call 
without permission from the officer, who is not to suffer more 
than two to be absent at a time, nor those at the outpost. 

In cases of desertions from the outposts, the officer from 
whose party it happens is to immediately change the counter- 
signs, advertising the other out-guard, who are to conform 
thereto. He is also to send instantly to acquaint the Brigadier- 
general and field-officers of the day, and except the out guards 
paying them honors due them according to their rank and the 
usages of war, the out-guards to turn out to the Brigadier-gen- 



MODES OF PROMOTION. 329 

eral and field officers only. The honors with the drum never to 
be paid by them. All guards to turn out to receive the Grand 
Rounds — the officer of each to prepare an evening report for the 
officer of the rounds. All guards when relieved to make a re- 
port of every occurrence that may have happened to one of the 
field-officers of the day, who is to attend at or near the grand 
parade to receive it when it comes. Arms after this wet weather 
to be carefully inspected, and put in the best possible order for 
use. 

Brigade Commissaries are to receive their orders from the 
Commissary-general respecting the mode of supplying their 
respective brigades in case of a sudden move. The Assistant 
Quarter masters are to do the same with Colonel Biddle, that no 
complaint may arise on a march. Instead of delivering spare 
ammunition to each brigade, General Knox will furnish the 
divisions with it. In order to lessen the number of carriages 
and to'convoy it more securely, if the Quartermaster could furnish 
each brigade with a proper uumber of scythes for foraging, the 
horses might be better provided for. 

George Washington. 

June 13, 177T. 

At a Court Martial, held the 9th instant, whereof Colonel 
Marshall was president, Captain Jesse Roe was tried for insult- 
ing and ill-treating Mr. Coleclough, Conductor of Wagons, on 
the march from Morristown. Acquitted and justified by the 
Court. The General approves the decision, and orders Captain 
Roe to be released from his arrest with honor. 

He also approves the sentence of the same Court Martial, held 
the 11th instant, before which Alexander Brandon, of the 1st 
Pennsylvania Regiment was tried for horsestealing and ac- 
quitted. The prisoner to be immediately released from his 
confinement. 

Different modes of promotion having prevailed in the army, 
productive of disorder and confusion in many instances, the 
Commander-in-Chief thinks it necessary to establish the follow- 



330 DIVINE SERVICE IN CAMP. 

ing general rule, to prevent all further disputes and incon- 
veniences on this head. All commanding officers to rise regi- 
mentally, and according to seniority, until they arrive at the 
rank of Captain ; and from that, in the line of the State they 
belong to, by seniority also, until they abtain the rank of 
Colonel. This rule, however, to admit of exceptions, when 
particular officers signalize themselves by a conduct of extra- 
ordinary merit, or when others prove themselves unworthy of 
preferment by the want of, or neglect of cultivating, any 
quality requisite to constitute the good officer. 

The following men belonging to Captain Hollett's indepen- 
dent company having been sent to camp some time ago and 
annexed to some corps, the officer commanding the corps in 
which these men, or any of them, are now doing duty, is 
required to send a return of them to the Adjutant-general 
to-morrow morning, viz., Thomas Booker, Samuel Brown, 
Joseph Petitt, Isaac Green, Charles Clair, Laban Condon, 
William Caldwell, John Coddington. 

George Washington. 

June 28, 1777. 

Major-general for to-morrow, - Stevens. 

Brigadier-general do. - - Woodford. 

_. , , ( Lieut. Col. Nelson, 

Field-officers do. - 1 ,, . „. , 

I Major Richardson. 

The usual regiments are to send for their tents, and pitch 
them where they are now posted. An Orderly Sergeant to 
attend at head-quarters, as usual. 

All chaplains are to perform divine service to-morrow, and on 
every other succeeding Sunday, with their respective brigades 
and regiments, when their situations will admit of it, and the 
commanding officers of corps are to see that they attend. The 
Commander-in Chief expects an axact compliance with this 
order, and that it be observed in future as an invariable rule of 
practice, and every neglect will not only be considered a breach 
of orders, but a disregard to decency, virtue, and religion. 



SENTENCES OF COURTS MARTIAL. 331 

In future, when orders are received at General Weedon's 
quarters, the orderly-drum will beat the Adjutant's call, that 
the issuing them to the regiments may not be delayed. 

George Washington. 

Jdne 30, 1777. 

A special Court Martial will set to-morrow at 9 o'clock, at the 
usual place, near General Wayne's quarters, for the trial of 
Major Stewart, of the 2d Maryland Regiment. Colonel David 
Hall is appointed president of the court. Jonathan Mifflin and 
Henry Emanuel Lutterloth are appointed Deputy Quarter- 
masters-general, and Clement Biddle, Commissary of Forage. 

George Washington. 
Head-quarters, August 19, 1777. 

The following sentences of general Courts Martial, held the 
7th, 12th, and 16th inst., of which Colonel Sheldon was presi- 
dent, Edward Wilcox, Quartermaster to Captain Dorsey's 
Troop, charged with desertion, taking a horse belonging to 
Colonel Moylan's Regiment, and a trooper with his accoutre- 
ments, found guilty, and sentenced to be led round the regi- 
ment he belongs to on horseback, with his face towards the 
horse's tail, and his coat turned wrongside outwards, and that 
he be then discharged from the army. The Commander-in- 
Chief approves the sentence, and orders it to be put into execu- 
tion immediately. 

George Kilpatrick and Charles Martin, Sergeants, Lawrence 
Burne and Enoch Wells, Corporals, Daniel McCarty, Patrick 
Leland, Philip Franklin, Jacob Baker, Thomas Orles, Adam 
Rex, Frederick Gaines, Daniel Kainking, Christian Longspit, 
Henry Winer, and Nicholas Walner, privates in Colonel Moy- 
lan's Regiment of Light Dragoons, charged with mutiny and 
desertion, and adjudged worthy of death — the court esteeming 
the prisoners, except Sergeant Kilpatrick, objects of compas- 
sion, and as such recommend them to the Commander-in-Chief, 
the General is pleased to grant them his pardon; and the like 
reasons which led the court to recommend to mercy, joined 
with others, induces the General to grant this pardon to Ser- 



332 BATTLE OF BENNINGTON. 

geant Kilpatriek also. At the game time, the prisoners are to 
consider their crimes are of a very atrocious nature, and have 
by the Articles of War subjected themselves to the penalty of 
death. The remission of their punishment is a signal act of 
mercy in the Commander-in-Chief, and demands a very great 
and full return of fidelity, submission, and obedience, in any 
future military service which he shall assign them. The pris- 
oners are to quit the horse, and enter into the foot-service, in 
the corps to which they shall be assigned. 

Thomas Farshiers and George House, of Colonel Moylan's 
Regiment, tried by same court, being charged with mutiny and 
desertion, are found guilty, but some favorable circumstances 
appearing in their behalf, were sentenced to receive twenty-five 
lashes on their naked backs, and to be dismissed from horse- 
service; the Commander-in-Chief approves the sentence, but for 
the reasons above referred to, and with the like expectations of 
amendment, remits the penalty of whipping. They will be dis- 
posed of in the foot-service. 

Thomas Runnals, of Colonel Moylan's Regiment, tried by the 
same court, being charged, is found guilty, and sentenced to 
suffer death ; the Commander-in-Chief approves the sentence, • 
but the execution of the prisoner is respited till further orders. 

Colonel Lawson having already had the command of the 
Fourth Regiment of Virginia, is to continue in the same com- 
mand. 

Colonel Elliott is appointed to the command of the Sixth Vir- 
ginia Regiment. 

General Greene's Division is to relieve the Provost's and 
Quartermaster-general's guards this afternoon. The guards to 
parade by the cross-roads, at 5 o'clock. 

George Washington. 

Head-quarters, August 23, 1777. 
The Commander-in Chief has the happiness to inform the 
army of the signal victory obtained to the northward. A part 
of General Burgoyne's army, about 1500 in number, were detached 



MARCH THROUGH PHILADELPHIA. 333 

towards New Hampshire, and advanced with a design to 
possess themselves of Bennington. Brigadier-general Starke, 
of the State of New Hampshire, with about 2000 men, mostly 
militia, attacked them. Our troops behaved in a very brave 
and heroic manner. They pushed the enemy from one work 
to another, thrown up on advantageous ground, and from dif- 
ferent posts, with spirit and fortitude, until they grained a com- 
plete victory over them. The following is^a list of the prison- 
ers, killed, and wounded, viz.: one lieutenant-colonel, one Major, 
five Captains, twelve Lieutenants, four Ensigns, two Cornets, 
one Judge Advocate, one Baron, two Canadian officers, and 
three surgeons, thirty-seven British soldiers, three hundred and 
ninety-eight Hessians, thirty-eight Canadians, and one hundred 
and fifty-one Tories taken prisoners. The number of the 
wounded, exclusive of the above, is about eighty. The number 
of the enemy who had been slain had not been ascertained, but 
supposed to be about two hundred. Their artillery, consisting 
of four brass field-pieces, with a considerable quantity of bag- 
gage, likewise fell into our hands. 

Our loss consisted of about twenty or thirty killed, and per- 
haps fifty wounded. 

The army is to march to-morrow, if it should not rain, in the or- 
der appointed— General Greene first, then General Stevens, &c. 

George Washington. 

Head-quarters, Stanton, near Germantown, ) 
August 23, 1777. j" 

Major-general to-morrow, . . . Lord Stirling. 
Brigadier-general do. ... Scott. 

Field-officers do. ... i C ° L Gr ^ son < 

I Lt. Col. Genny. 

Brigade-major do. ... Johnson. 

No officer or soldier is to leave the encampment this evening 
without leave in writing from the Major or Brigadier under 
whom he acts, and^they are desired not to give such leave un- 
less there is apparent cause for it. The army is to move pre- 



334 MARCH THROUGH PHILADELPHIA. 

cisely at 4 o'clock in the morning, if it should not rain. The 
Division commanded by General Wayne is to join its proper 
place in the line, between Lord Stirling's and General Stevens' 
Divisions, and it is strongly and earnestly enjoined upon the 
commanding officers of corps, to make all their men who are 
able to bear arms, except the necessary guards, march in the 
ranks, for it is so great a reflection when all orders are dis- 
obeyed, and to see such a number of street-rollers (for they can- 
not be called guards) with the wagons, that it is really shocking. 
The army is to march in one column through the city of 
Philadelphia, going in at and marching down Front-street to 
Chestnut, and up Chestnut to the Common. A small halt is to 
be made about a mile this side of the city until the rear is clear 
up and the line in proper order. 
The divisions will march as follows : 
Greene's, Stevens', Lincoln's, and Lord Stirling's. 
The horse to be divided upon the two wings. Bland's and 
Baylor's Regiments on the right, and Sheldon's and 
Moylan's on the left. 
The following order of march is to be observed, viz. : 
First, a subaltern and twelve light-horse. 
Two hundred yards in rear, a complete troop. 
Two hundred yards in the rear of the troops, the residue of 

Bland's and Baylor's Regiments. 
One hundred yards in the rear of these, a company of 

pioneers with their axes, &c, in proper order. 
One hundred yards in the rear of the pioneers, a regiment 
from General Muhlenberg's Brigade, and close in the 
rear of that regiment all General Muhlenberg's Field 
Artillery. 
This brigade followed by Weedon's, Woolfords, and Scott's 
in order, with all their field artillery in their respective 
fronts. 
Park of artillery, and the artificers belonging thereto, in the 
centre. 



MARCH THROUGH PHILADELPHIA. 

Lincoln's and Lord Stirling's Divisions following, with, all 
their brigade artillery in the rear of their respective 
brigades. 
A regiment from Lord Stirling's Brigade for a rear guard, 

and to be 150 yards from General Maxwell's Brigade. 
Sheldon's and Moylan's Horse, 150 yards in the rear of this 

regiment. 
One troop, 150 yards in the rear of this regiment of horse. 
The whole line is to march by sub-divisions at half-distance, 
the ranks six paces asunder, which is to be exactly observed in 
passing through the city, and great attention given by the 
officers to see that their men carry their arms well, and are 
made to appear as decent as circumstances will admit. 

It is expected that every officer without exception will keep 
his post in passing through the city, and under no pretence 
whatever leave it; and if any soldier shall dare to leave his 
ranks he shall receive thirty-nine lashes at the first halting- 
place afterwards. The officers will be particularly careful of 
the men, not only in their own divisions but in others also, if 
they should see an attempt of the kind. They are also to pre- 
vent the people from pressing on the troops. 

There is to be no greater space between [the divisions, bri- 
gades, and regiments than is taken up by artillery^and is just 
sufficient to distinguish them. 

That the line of march through the city may be as little en- 
cumbered as possible, only one ammunition wagon is to attend 
the field-pieces of each brigade and every artillery park. All 
the rest of the baggage wagons and spare horses are to file off to 
the right, to avoid the city entirely, and move on to the bridge 
at the middle ferry and then halt, but not so far as to impede 
the march of the troops by preventing their passing them. 

Not a woman belonging to the army is to be seen with the 
troops on their'march through the city. 

The Wagonmaster-general with all his assistants, together 
with the Division, Brigade, and Regimental Quartermasters, 



336 ENEMY'S DESIGNS ON PHILADELPHIA. 

are to attend the wagons, and assist the field-officers appointed 
to that duty in preventing any men who are allotted to the 
■wagons from slipping into the city. As the baggage will 
be but a little time separated from the column, a very few men 
will be sufficient to guard it, and the General wishes to have as 
many of them appear in the ranks in the line of march as are 

able. 

The baggage and spare artillery wagons of each brigade, to- 
gether with the wagons of the artillery park, are to move with 
the same orders that the brigades, &c, do in the line, that they 
may more easily unite again when we have passed the city. 

The soldiers will go early to rest this evening, as the General 
expects the whole line will be on their march at the hour ap- 
pointed. That this may be the case, each brigadier is to ap- 
point patrols to take up all the stragglers from the camp, and 
all others of the army who do not obey this order. 

The Director of the Hospital will order when the sick are to 

be sent. 

The drums and fifes of each brigade are to be collected in the 
centre of it, and a tune for the quick-step played, but with such 
moderation that the men may step to it with ease, and without 
dancing along, or totally disregarding the music, as has been 
too often the case. 

The men are to be excused from carrying their camp-kettles 
to-morrow. George Washington. 

Head-quarters, Sept. 6, 1777. 

The Commissary-general of Prisoners informs the command- 
ing officers of regiments and other corps, that notwithstanding 
the orders heretofore issued for the purpose, he has received 
but one small return of prisoners taken by the enemy since his 
appointment ; in consequence of which neglect it will be impos- 
sible for him in case of exchange, to pay proper attention to 
the orders of the different captains at the time. 

He further informs them that in future the prisoners will be 
exchanged according to the return made to him. 



ENEMV'S DESIGNS ON PHILADELPHIA. 337 

As the baggage wagons are at all times a great encumbrance 
to the army, and -would be particularly in a day of battle, they 
are in the latter case to be drawn off the field, that the army 
may not be in the least incommoded by them. It is besides a 
measure which common prudence dictates ; and whenever an 
action is expected, the Quartermaster-general will immediately 
wait on the Commander-in-Chief to receive his directions re- 
specting them. 

From every information respecting the enemy's designs, and 
from their movements, it is manifest their aim is, if possible, to 
possess themselves of Philadelphia. This is their capital object. 
It is what they last year strove to effect, but were-happily dis- 
appointed. They made a second attempt at the opening of 
this campaign, but after vast preparation and expense for the 
purpose, they abandoned their design and totally evacuated the 
Jerseys. They are now making their last effort. To come up 
the Delaware, it seems, was their first intention ; but from the 
measures taken to annoy them in the river, they judged the en- 
terprise that way too hazardous. At length they landed on the 
eastern shore of Maryland, some little way in the country, but 
the General thinks they will be again disappointed in their 
views. Should they push their designs on Philadelphia by this 
route, their all is at stake. They will put the contest on the 
event of a single battle. If they are overthrown they are utterly 
undone — the war is at an end ! • 

Now is the time for our most strenuous exertions. One bold 
stroke will free the land from rapine, devastation, and burning; 
and female innocence from brutal lust and violence. 

In every other quarter the American arms have of late been 
rapidly successful. Great numbers of the enemy have fallen in 
battle and still greater numbers have been taken prisoners. The 
militia to the northward have fought with that spirit which 
would have done honor to old soldiers. They bravely fought 
and conquered! Glory attended them! Who can forbear to 
emulate their noble spirit? Who is there without ambition to 
share with them the applauses of their countrymen and of all 



338 WASHINGTON'S APPEAL. 

posterity, as the defenders of liberty, and precursors of peace 
and happiness to millions in the present and future genera- 
tions? Two years we have maintained the war and struggled 
with difficulties innumerable, but the prospect has since bright- 
ened and our affairs put on a better face. Now is the time to 
reap the fruits of all our toils and dangers. If we behave like 
men, the third campaign will be our last. Ours is the main 
army. To us our country looks for protection. The eyes of all 
America and Europe are turned upon us as those by whom the 
event of the war is to be determined ; and the General assures 
his countrymen and fellow-soldiers that he believes the critical, 
the important moment is at hand which demands their most 
spirited exertions in the field. There glory waits to crown the 
brave ! Peace, freedom, and happiness will be the rewards of 
victory ! Animated by motives like these, soldiers fighting in 
the cause of innocence, humanity, and justice will never give 
way, but with undaunted resolution press on to conquest! This 
the General assures himself is the part the American forces now 
in arms will act, and thus acting, he will insure their success. 

George Washington. 
Head-quarters, Sept. 6, 1777. 

Major-general to-morrow, Lord Stirling. 

Brigadier-general do. Scott. 

Field-officer do. Col. J. Parker. 

Brigade-major do. ..... Day. 

The General has no doubt that every man who has a due sense 
of the importance of the cause he has undertaken to defend, 
and who has any regard to his own honor and the reputation of 
a soldier, will, if called to action, behave like one contending 
for everything valuable. But if, contrary to his expectation, 
there shall be found any officers or soldiers so far lost to all 
shame as basely to quit their posts without orders, or shall skulk 
from danger, or offer to retreat before order is given for so do- 
iDg from proper authority from a superior officer, they are to 
be instantly shot down as a just punishment to themselves, and 
for example to others. This order, those in the rear and those 



WASHINGTON'S APPEAL. 339 

in the corps of reserve are to see duly executed, to prevent 
the cowardly from making a sacrifice of the brave, and by their 
ill example and groundless tales calculated to cover their own 
shameful conduct, prevent them from spreading terror as they 
go. That the order may be well known and strongly impressed 
on the army, the General positively orders the commanding 
officer of every regiment to assemble his men and have it read 
to them, to prevent the plea of ignorance. 

The General begs the officers to be attentive to all strange 
faces and suspicious characters who may be discovered in 
camp ; and if, upon examination of them, no good account can 
be given why they are there, to carry them to the Major- 
general for further examination. This is only a necessary pre- 
caution, to be done in a manner the least offensive. 

The general officers are to meet at five o'clock this afternoon 
at the brick house by White Clay Creek. 

George Washington. 
Brigade Head -quarters, Sept. 6, 1777. 

Notwithstanding the repeated orders against plundering and 
burning fences, that abominable practice is still continued, to 
the eternal shame of the brigade. 

Complaints are made that the corn-fields are pillaged without 
restraint, the fence-rails burnt up, and many other outrages 
committed by soldiers. To prevent this in future, the officers 
are once more requested to attend more particularly to the be- 
havior of the men under them, and to punish such as they may 
see with green corn, unless they can make it appear they bought 
it ; and any fence-rails they may see burning, the mess to which 
the fire belongs is to be made answerable. The suttlers are or- 
dered to remove immediately from the front of the encamp- 
ment to some other place. 

The Quartermaster's Sergeant will immediately parade the C. 
C. men of their regiments, and cover up all the filth and nasti- 
ness in their respective fronts, and soldiers depositing any more 
but in the proper place are to receive ten lashes on their bare 
backs. George Weedon, Brig. Gen. 



340 BATTLE OF BRANDYWINE. 

Head-quarters, Germantown, Sept. 13, 1777. 

Major-general for to morrow, Sullivan. 

Brigadier-general do. Weedon. 

I Col. Martin, 

Field-officers do. < 

( Major Hay. 

Brigade-major do. Barber. 

The General, with peculiar satisfaction, thanks those gallant 
officers who on the 11th inst. (battle of Brandy wine) bravely 
fought in their country's cause. If there are any whose con- 
duct reflects dishonor on soldiership and their names not 
pointed out to him, he must for the present leave them to re- 
flect how much they have injured their country, how unfaith- 
fully they have proved to their fellow-soldiers ; but with this 
exhortation, that they embrace the first opportunity which may 
offer to do justice to both and to the profession of a soldier. 

Although the events of that day, from some unfortunate cir- 
cumstances, were not so favorable as could be wished, the 
General has the satisfaction of assuring the troops that from 
every account he has been able to obtain the enemy's loss vastly 
exceeded ours, and he has full confidence that in another appeal 
to Heaven, with the blessing of Providence, which it becomes 
every officer and soldier to supplicate, we shall prove successful. 

The honorable Congress, in consideration of the gallant be- 
havior of the troops on Thursday last, their fatigue since, and 
from a full conviction that on every future occasion they will 
manifest a bravery worthy of the cause they have undertaken 
to defend, having been pleased to order thirty hogsheads of 
rum to be distributed among them, in such manner as the Com- 
mander-in-Chief shall direct, he orders the Commissary-general 
of Issues to deliver one gill per day to every officer and soldier 
while it lasts. 

The commanding officer of each brigade, without delay, to 
send a number of active officers into the city and its environs to 
pick up and bring to camp all the straggling soldiers whom they 
may find, as well those belonging to other brigades as their 



GREENE'S THANKS. 341 

own. Likewise a sergeant from each brigade to the brigade 
over the Schuylkill to direct the soldiers as they cross where to 
find their respective brigades. 

At roll-calling this afternoon the men are to be charged not to 
be out of drum-call of their respective brigades, under pain of 
death, nor the officers, as they value their service and dread 
cashiering. George Washington. 

Head-quarters, Sept. 13, 1777. 

The General takes the earliest opportunity to return his 
warmest thanks to the officers and soldiers of General Weedon's 
brigade engaged in the late action for their spirited and sol- 
dierly behavior and conduct so worthy, under so many disad- 
vantages, and cannot fail of establishing to themselves the 
highest military reputation. He thinks himself also under ob- 
ligations to return his thanks to all other officers and soldiers of 
his division for their firmness and alacrity which they have dis- 
covered upon every occasion, in the course of the day, to en- 
gage with the enemy. Though we give them the ground, the 
purchase has been at much blood— this being by far the greatest 
loss they ever met with since the commencement of the war. 

The General recommends an immediate attention to be paid 
to the state of the arms and ammunition ; and that the arms be 
put in the best possible order, and the troops be furnished with 
a full supply of arms, and not less than forty rounds of car- 
tridges per man. Nathaniel Greene. 

Brigade, H. Q., Sept. 13, 1777. 

From the motions of the enemy it appearing to his Excel- 
lency that our service will for some time continue to be full as 
active as that we have lately experienced, he has, from that 
noble spirit which actuates his every movement, by which he 
wishes to share part in every hardship to which his army is ex- 
posed, divested himself and family of every species of baggage, 
save his blankets. 

The Brigadier therefore requests that, though the baggage 
of the brigade has now joined it, the officers will not think of 



343 . MARCHING ORDERS. 

carrying any more more clothing, &c, than they have hitherto 
had with them, as he is determined to follow the laudable ex- 
ample of his Excellency. George Weedon, Brig. Gen. 
Head-quarters, Germantown, Sept. 14, 1777. 
The troops are to march to Swedes' Ford in the following 
order, by subdivisions from right, viz : 

First, two-thirds of the Light Dragoons, from which their 
commanding officer will detach small parties in front, to 
reconnoitre on the flanks to a considerable distance. 
Second, a Captain's command from General Sinallwood's 

Brigade, 800 yards in their rear. 
Third, ooe regiment from same brigade, 200 yards in their. 
Fourth, the main bcdy of the army 500 yards in their rear, 
in the following order, viz.: 

1st. General Sullivan's Division. 
2d. Lord Stirling's " 

3d. General Wayne's " 

4th. Park of Artillery. 
5th. General Nash's Brigade. 
6th. General Stevens' Division. 
7th. General Greene's " 
Fifth, the wagons with stores, hospital stores, and commis- 
saries' stores. 
Sixth, a rear guard of two regiments from Weedon's Bri- 
gade: 
Seventh, a Captain's command from these two regiments, 

at the distance of 200 yards. 
Eighth, the remaining third of the Light Dragoons, 500 

yards from the foot. 
Ninth, a subaltern's command from these Dragoons, at the 
distance of 500 yards. 
The guards in front and rear, and each brigade, to send out 
small flanking parties on their left. The rear guard of foot, and 
the Light Dragoons, to pick up all stragglers. 

George Washington. 






BURGOYNE'S SURRENDER. 343 

Head-quarters, Sept. 15, 177T. 

In future, whenever the men are formed for action, the Ser- 
geants are to be placed in the ranks on the flanks of subdivi- 
sions, that their fire may not be lost. 

The Brigadiers, or officers commanding regiments, are also to 
post some good officers in the rear, to keep the men in good 
order. 

If, in any time of action, any man who is not wounded, 
whether he has arms or not, turns his back on the enemy, and 
attempts to run away or retreat before orders are given for it, 
those officers are instantly to put him to death. The man does 
not deserve to live who basely flies, breaks his solemn engage- 
ment, and betrays his country. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

Head-quarters, Camp at Pennybacker's Mile. / 

September 28, 1777. \ 

The Commander-in-Chief has the happiness again to con- 
gratulate the army on the success of the Americans to the 
northward. 

On the 19th inst. an engagement took place between General 
Burgoyne's army and the left wing of ours, under General 
Gates. The battle began at 10 o'clock, and lasted till night— 
our troops fighting with the greatest bravery, not giving an 
inch of ground. Our loss is about 80 killed, and 200 wounded 
and missing. The enemy's is judged to exceed 1000 killed, 
wounded, and taken prisoners, and deserters declare 
that General Burgoyne, who commanded in person, was 
wounded in the left shoulder. The 62d Regiment was cut in 
pieces, and the enemy suffered extremely in every quarter 
where they were engaged. Such was the ardor of our troops, 
that wounded men, after being dressed, returned to action. 

The Commander in-Chief has further occasion to congratulate 
the troops on the success of a detachment of the northern army, 
under Colonel Brown, who attacked and carried several of the 
enemy's posts, and had got possession of several of the old 
French lines at Ticonderoga. 



344 COL. BROWN CAPTDRES THE BRITISH. 

Colonel Brown, in those severe attacks, has taken 293 prison- 
ers of the enemy, with their arms, retaken more than 100 of our 
men, and taken 150 batteaux below the fall in Lake Champlain, 
and 50 above the falls, including 17 gunboats, and one armed 
sloop, besides cannon, ammunition, &c, &c. 

To celebrate this success, the General orders that at 4 o'clock 
this afternoon all the troops be paraded and served with a gill 
of rum per man, and that at the same time there be discharges 
of 13 pieces of artillery from the park. 

Major-general for to-morrow, Sullivan. 

Brigadier-general do. Scott. 

Brigade-major do. Peers. 

Picket-major do. Dorson. 

iCol. Lamb, 
Maj. Morrill. 
George Washington. 
Head-quarters, Oct. 5, 1777. 
The Commander-in-Chief returns his thanks to the generals 
and other officers and men concerned yesterday in the attack on 
the enemy's left wing, for their spirit and bravery, shown in 
driving the enemy from field to field,* and although an unfor- 
tunate fog, joined with the smoke, prevented the different bri- 
gades from seeing and supporting each other, or sometimes even 
from distinguishing their fire from the enemy's, and some other 
causes, which as yet cannot be accounted for, they finally re- 
treated, they nevertheless see that the enemy is not proof 
against a vigorous attack, and may be put to flight when boldly 
pushed. This they will remember, and assure themselves that 
on the next occasion a proper exertion of the powers God has 
given them, and inspired by the cause of freedom in which they 
are engaged, they will be victorious. 

The Commander-in-Chief, not seeing the engagement with the 
enemy's right wing, desires the general officers to thank those 
officers and men who behaved with bravery. 

George Washington. 

*Battle at and near Chew's House, or the Battle of Gerniaiitown. 



BRIGADE ORDERS. 345 

Head- quarters, Oct. 6, 1777. 

The commanding officers of regiments are, without delay, to 
send to the Provost for such of their men as have been tried 
and their sentences have been published. 

The battalion of militia from Virginia, commanded by Colonel 
Runna, is to be attached to General Scott's Brigade. 

Brigadier-general Pulaski will make returns of the horse as 
soon as possible. 

John Lawrence, Esq., appointed on the 6th of September as 
extra Aid-de-Camp to the Commander-in-Chief, is now ap- 
pointed Aid-de-Camp to him, and is to be obeyed and respected 
as such. 

Thomas Mullans, Esq., appointed on the 3d inst. to act as 
Brigade-major to General Conway, is now, for his gallant be^ 
havior on the 4th inst., appointed Brigade-major to General 
Conway, and is to be respected and obeyed as such. 

The commanding officers of corps are every morning to report 
their strength to the brigadiers or officers commanding, that it 
may be known daily what stragglers have joined. 

Buck-shot shall be put into all cartridges that shall be made 
hereafter. George Washington. 

Head-quarters, Oct. 7, 1777. 

The State Regiment from Virginia is to supply the place of 
the 9th Virginia Regiment in General^ Muhlenberg's Brigade, 
and do duty there till further orders. 

John Fardon, of Colonel Hartley's Regiment, found guilty of 
the crime of desertion, and sentenced, by the general Court 
Martial, held 25th September last, to suffer death, is to be exe- 
cuted to-morrow at 12 o'clock. 

The situation of the army frequently not admitting of Divine 
Service on Sunday, the Chaplains of the army are forthwith to 
meet and agree upon some method of performing it at some 
other time, which method they will make known to the Com- 
niander-in Chief. George Washington. 

Camp at Perkioming, Oct. 7, 1777. 

The General returns his sincere thanks to the officers and sol- 



346 BATTLE OF GERMANTOWN. 

diers in general of his division for their behavior at the battle 
of Germantown. Nevertheless, he has the mortification to hear 
some few behaved ill, who are arrested and reported to his Ex- 
cellency. The General has the highest confidence in his divi- 
sion, and in the spirit and good conduct of the officers. 

He, from the best information, has the mortification to assure 
the troops that they fled from victory; and he wishes most ar- 
dently that the troops may be convinced of the necessity of re- 
treating and rallying likewise, and a partial retreat to change a 
position is often necessary, and therefore a particular retreat is 
not to be considered general without the order as such. 

Notwithstanding the fog deprived us of the opportunity of 
seeing how to conduct our own approaches at the enemy's con- 
fusion, and giving them a complete rout, which beyond a doubt 
we should have done if the weather had been clear, neverthe- 
less he has the satisfaction to assure the troops that the enemy 
Buffered very severely. 

The arms and ammunition are to be put in order as soon as 
possible, and everything got in readiness for attack or defence. 

Nathaniel Greene. 

Head-quarters, Toamensing, Oct. 9, 1777. 

Brigadier general Nash will be interred at 10 o'clock this fore- 
noon, with military honors, at the place where the road where 
the troops marched on yesterday comes into the great road. — 
All officers, whose circumstances will admit of it, will attend and 
pay this respect to a brave man who died in defence of his 
country. 

The execution of John Fardon is postponed till to-morrow at 
noon. 

The general Court Martial, whereof Colonel Brodhead was 
president, is to sit tomorrow morning at 8 o'clock, at the 
Horseman's tent, by the park of artillery. 

George Washington. 

Head-quarters, Toamensing, Oct. 10, 1777. 
The Chaplains of the army are to meet to-morrow at 12 
o'clock, in the rear of the park of artillery, for the purpose 
mentioned in general orders of the 7th inst. 



WASHINGTON'S CLOCKWORK. 347 

The Paymaster-general will attend to the business of his de- 
partment at General Weedon's quarters at Mr. Tinnis' house. 

A Court of Inquiry, consisting of four numbers and Major- 
general Lord Stirling, is to sit at 12 o'clock to-day at the Presi- 
dent's quarters, to'examine into the conduct, of Major general 
Sullivan, in the expedition commanded by him against Staten 
Island in the month of August last. Major Taylor and other 
officers who can give information of this matter are to attend. 
But if the Court see cause to postpone the examination for 
want of evidence, after hearing what Major Taylor has to urge 
on that head, they are to do it accordingly. Gen. McDougall, 
Gen. Knox, Col. Spencer, and Col. Clark are the members. 

It is not for every officer to know the principles upon which 
every order is issued, and to judge how they may and may not 
be dispensed with or suspended, but their duty to carry them 
into execution with the utmost punctuality and exactness. Tbey 
are to consider that military movements are like the working of 
a clock, and will go equally, regularly, and easily, if every offi- 
cer does his duty; but without it, be as easily disordered, because 
neglect from any one, like the stopping of a wheel, disorders 
the whole. The General therefore expects that every officer 
will duly consider the importance of the observation, their own 
reputation, and the duty they owe to their country. He claims 
it of them, and earnestly calls upon them to do it. 

George Washington. 

Head-quarters, Toamensing, Oct. 11, 1777. 

The Court of Inquiry, of which Lord Stirling is president, 
now sitting at the President's quarters, is to inquire into the 
conduct of Brigadier-general Wayne, viz. : that he had timely 
notice of the enemy's intentions to attack the troops under his 
command on the night of the 20th ult. ; and notwithstanding 
that intelligence he neglected making a disposition until it was 
too late either to annoy the enemy or make a retreat without 



348 SURRENDER OF BURGOYNE. 

the utmost danger and confusion.* The President will give 

notice when the Court can enter on the inquiry, and when the 

parties and evidence are to attend. 

George Washington. 

Head-quarters, Oct. 15, 1777. 
The General has the repeated pleasure of informing the army 
of the success of the troops under the command of General 
Gates over General Burgoyne's army on the 7th inst. 

The action commenced at three o'clock in the afternoon, be- 
tween the pickets of the two armies, which were reinforced on 
both sides. The contest was warm, and continued till night 
with obstinacy, when our troops gained the advanced lines of 
the enemy, and encamped on that ground all night. The enemy 
fled and left behind them 330 tents, with kettles boiling with 
corn, 8 brass field pieces, 2 twelve and 6 six pounders, upwards 
of 200 dead, and the baggage of their flying army. General 
Frazier is among their slain. Our troops took 550 non-commis- 
sioned officers and privates, prisoners, besides Sir Francis Caral- 
back, Aid-de-Camp to General Burgoyne. and a Quartermaster- 
general, said to be Carleton's, the Commanding Officer of a 
Foreign Brigade, and an Officer of the British Grenadiers. 

George Washington. 
Head-quarters, Valley FoRGE,'May 18, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Patterson. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Cropper. 

Major, Conway. 

Brigade-major, Marvin. 

Inspector, from Learned's Brigade. 
The Commander in-Chief has the pleasure to inform the army, 
that the Honorable Congress have been pleased to come to the 
following resolutions : 

*The Court pronounced the conduct of General Wayne, on the occasion of 
the attack referred to. "as every thing that was to he expected from an 
active, brave, and vigilant officer," and seemed to attach the blame to 
Colonel Hampton, who, by delay or misapprehension of orders, and an un- 
skillful position of the troops, had exposed thein to massacre.— Irving' 1 * Life 
of Washington. 



RESOLVES OF CONGRESS. 349* 

"In Congress, May 15, 1778. 
"Resolved unanimously, That all military officers commis- 
sioned by Congress, who now are, or hereafter may be, in the 
service of the United States, and shall continue therein during 
the war, and shall not hold any office of profit under these 
States, or any of them, after the conclusion of the war shall be 
entitled to receive for the term of seven years, if they live so 
long, one-half of the present pay of such officers,— Provided, 
that no general officers of the cavalry, artillery, or infantry, 
shall be entitled to receive more than half the pay of the Colonel 
of such corps respectively ; and provided this resolution shall 
not extend to any officer in the service of the United States, 
unless he shall have taken the oath of allegiance to, and shall 
actually reside within some one of these United States. 

"Resolved unanimously, That every non-commissioned officer 
and soldier, who hath enlisted or shall enlist into the service of 
the United States for and during the war, and shall continue 
therein to the end thereof, shall be entitled to receive the 
further reward of 80 dollars at the expiration of the war." 

The whole army are directed to prepare, in the best manner 
possible, for an immediate and sudden movement. 

George Washington. 
Head-quarters, Valley Forge, May 19, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Wayne. 

Colonel, Greene. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Ballard. 

Brigade-major, Minnis. 

Commanding officers of regiments are to make returns to the 
Quartermaster-general of the number of tents absolutely want- 
ing in each, for such men as cannot be accommodated consist- 
ently with their health and comfort in huts. It will be relied 
upon, in these returns, that none will make a larger demand 
than the real situation of their respective regiments requires. — 
The Quartermaster- general will issue his orders on these 
returns. 



350 QUARTERMASTER GENERAL'S RETURNS. 

At a general Court Martial, whereof Colonel Bauman was 
president, held the 13th inst., John Reynolds, artificer in Major 
Pollard's corps, tried for striking Lieutenant Hemmet, found 
guilty and sentenced to receive 100 lashes, the Commander-in- 
Chief approves the sentence and orders it executed on the 
grand parade to-morrow at guard-mounting. 

Samuel Raymond, at the same court, tried for presenting a 
loaded musket at Lieutenant Hemmet ; upon due consideration 
the court are of opinion that he is guilty of the charge exhib- 
ited against him, but the extreme and unpardonable warmth 
with which the officers conducted themselves, renders the ac- 
tions of the prisoner in some measure excusable, and operates 
with the court so strongly in his favor, that they only sentence 
him to be reprimanded by the commanding officer of the com- 
pany to which he belongs. 

Also John Coffin, tried for abusing Captain Gowerly when at- 
tempting to repress a riot on the other side of the Schuylkill, 
found not guilty and acquitted. 

The General approves the sentences, and orders them to take 
place immediately. 

The Brigade and Sub-Inspectors, Majors of Brigade, and Ad- 
jutants of the army, will assemble at the Baron Steuben's quar- 
ters, at 10 o'clock precisely, where they will receive particular 
orders. 

A stray horse taken up in General Scott's Brigade. Inquire 
of Captain Killpatrick. Another in General Poor's Brigade. 
Inquire of Lieutenant Cherry. 

Also a number in Colonel Van Sehaick's New York Regiment, 
at Cuckoldstown. George Washington. 

Vallet Forge, H. Q., May 21, 1778. 
Officers for duty to morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Varnum. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Reed. 

Major, Moore. 

Brigade-major, McCormick. 



WASHINGTON'S APPOINTMENTS. 351 

The Inspectors, &c, will attend at Baron Steuben's quarters 
tomorrow, at the hour appointed in the orders of the 19th inst. 

If there are any persons in the army who understand making 
thin paper, such as hank notes are struck upon, they are desired 
to apply immediately to the orderly office, where they will be 
shown a sample of the paper. Officers commanding regiments 
are to publish this in regimental orders. 

Mr. Vowles, Adjutant in the 9th Virginia Regiment, is ap- 
pointed to do the duty of Brigade-major, in General Woodford's 
Brigade, until further orders. 

At a general Court Martial, the 15th inst., whereof Colonel 
Bowman was president, Captain Cleaveland of Colonel Michael 
Jackson's Regiment, tried for behaving in an unofflcer-like 
manner in refusing to do a tour of duty when duly notified, 
found not guilty of the charge exhibited against him, and ac- 
quitted with honor. Although Captain Cleaveland ought not 
to have been warned for duty when returned sick, yet the 
General cannot applaud the spirit which actuated him in re- 
fusing obedience to a positive order, and declining a tour of 
duty of such a kind as might have been in all appearance easily 
performed by Captain Cleaveland in his circumstances. Cap- 
tain Cleaveland is released from his arrest. 

At a Brigade Court Martial, whereof Lieutenant-colonel Crop- 
per was president, Captain Edward Hull, of the 15th Virginia 
Regiment, tried for gaming, when he ought to have been on 
parade, the 12th inst., unanimously found guilty of that part of 
the charge exhibited against him relative to gambling, but ac- 
quitted of non attendance on parade, and sentenced to be rep- 
rimanded by the commanding officer of the brigade, in presence 
of all the officers thereof. 
At the same court, Lieutenant Thomas Lewis, of the same 

regiment, upon a similar charge, found guilty, and sentenced 
the same as Captain Hull. 

The Commander-in-Chief, however, unwilling to dissent from 
the judgment of a Court Martial, is obliged to utterly disap- 
prove these sentences,'the punishment, in his opinion, being 



352 SENTENCES OF COURTS MARTIAL. 

entirely inadequate to the offence. A practice so pernicious in 
itself as that of gaming, so prejudicial to good order and military- 
discipline, so contrary to positive orders, carried to so enormous 
a height as it appears, and aggravated certainly, in the case of 
Lieutenant Lewis, by an additional offence of no trifling mili- 
tary consequence— absence from parade— demanded a much 
severer penalty than simply a reprimand. 

Captain Hull and Lieutenant Lewis are to be released from 
arrest. George Washington. 

H. Q., Valley Forge, May 22, 1778. 

Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Scott. 

Brigade-major, Berrien. 

Colonel, Brewer. 

Major, Hopkins. 

The Auditors office is removed to James Cloyd's, within a 
mile and a half of the Paymaster-general's quarters. 

At a general Court Martial, the 16th inst., of which Colonel 
Bowman is president, Lieutenant Edison, of the German Bat- 
talion, tried for behaving in a manner unbecoming a gentleman 
and an officer, in abusing Colonel Nixon's family, unanimously 
found guilty of the charge exhibited against him, being a 
breach of Art. 21, Sec. 14, Articles of War, and sentenced to be 
discharged from the service. The Commander-in-Chief approves 
the sentence, and orders it to take place immediately. 

At a Brigade Court Martial, the 18th inst., Major Wallis presi- 
dent, Lieutenant Marks, of the 11th Virginia Regiment, tried 
for not attending the parade on the 13th inst., and unanimously 
acquitted of the charge with honor. 

Likewise, Lieutenant William Powell, tried upon the same 
charge, and acquitted in like manner. 

The General observes, that sickness or indisposition is cer- 
tainly a sufficient excuse for not attending the parade, but it 
ought to be an established rule, to signify it either personally 
or in writing, through the Adjutant to the commanding officer 
of the regiment to which the officer concerned shall belong. 



GENERAL ORDERS. 353 

These gentlemen, in not doing this, were deficient in the line of 
regularity and propriety. Hereafter the excuse shall not be ad- 
mitted unless this rule be observed, except where any particu- 
lar circumstances render the observance impracticable, which 
can rarely happen. George Washington. 

H. Q., Valley Fokge, May 23, 177S. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Patterson. 

Colonel, Dayton. 

Brigade-major, Stagg. 

Till some further arrangement of the army is made, Major- 
general Lee is to take charge of the division lately commanded 
by M-jor general Greene, and in case of action or any general 
move of the army, the three eldest Major-generals present fit 
for duty, are to command two wings and the 2d line, according 
to seniority. 

Commanding officers of regiments and corps will immediately 
apply to the Commissary of Military Stores for all the arms and 
accoutrements wanting for their men. 

The Quartermasters of brigades will also make out returns, 
and apply for orders for ammunition to complete each man with 
forty rounds and two flints. 

All officers are called upon to see that their men's arms and 
accoutrements are put in the best order possible. They will 
likewise take particular care that their men have wooden 
drivers fixe d in their pieces at the hours of exercise, to prevent 
an unnecessary waste of flints. They are not to be absent from 
canij) on any pretence whatever, but be in actual readiness to 
march at a moment's warning. 

George Washington. 

H. Q., Valley Forge, May 24, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Wayne. 

Colonel, Patton. 

Major, Sumner. 

Brigade-major Bannister. 



354 BRIGADE COURT MARTIAL. 

The general Court Martial, whereof Colonel Bowman is presi- 
dent, is dissolved. Another is ordered to set to-morrow morn- 
ing at 9 o'clock, to try all such prisoners as shall be brought be- 
fore it. Colonel Chambers will preside. 

Each brigade will give a Captain for the court. All persons 
concerned will attend. 

At a Brigade Court Martial, May 22, 1778, Lieutenant-colonel 
Cropper, president, Lieutenant Davis, of the 11th Virginia Regi- 
ment, tried for encourgaging a soldier to stay away from his 
regiment, for refusing, when the soldier was sent for by a guard, 
to let him go to his regiment, and for speaking disrespectfully 
of the officer who sent the guard a second time ; upon mature 
deliberation, the court are of opinion that he is not guilty of 
speaking disrespectfully of the officer who sent the guard for 
Lieutenant Davis, though they are of opinion that his detaining 
the Sergeant was unwarrantable. But, considering that his 
error seems to have arose from what he thought was doing his 
duty, do acquit him. 

Lieutenant Davis is ordered to be released from his arrest. 

George Washington. 

H. Q., Valley Forge, May 25, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, . Muhlenberg. 

Colonel, Swift. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Hubley. " 

Brigade- major, Haskell. 

Inspector, to be taken from Mcintosh's Brigade. 
The Regimental Surgeons will apply to the Flying-hospital 
store for hog's lard and sulphur. They are to make their re- 
turns more punctually on Mondays. 

Several guns, packs, and cartridge-boxes, belonging to some 
soldiers in the army, are left at the orderly office. 

The Mustermaster-general and Commissary of Prisoners have 
removed their quarters to Mr. Evans' house, half a mile north 
of Sullivan's Bridge, near Perkioming Creek. 



SENTENCES OF COURT MARTIAL. 355 

The Regimental Paymasters will give in their abstracts to 
the Paymaster-general immediately for examination for the 
month of April. 

At a general Court Martial the 1st of May, of which Colonel 
Febiger was president, Lieutenant Adams of the 10th Pennsyl- 
vania Regiment, tried for u ungentlemanly behavior in propa- 
gating a report that an officer of the 10th Pennsylvania Regi- 
ment had behaved cowardly in the action of Grermantown, and 
when desired by Colonel Hubley to name the officer, for refus- 
ing to do it in an unbecoming manner," unanimously found 
guilty of the charge exhibited against him, being a breach of 
Art. 21, Sec. 14, Articles of War, and sentenced to be dismissed 
the service, the Commander-in-Chief approves the sentence, and 
orders it to take place immediately. 

Signals will be given this afternoon in maneuvering by a 
small field-piece. This notice is given to prevent an alarm. 

Lieutenant Ford is appointed to do duty as Adjutant in 

Colonel Lamb's Regiment of New York Artillery, and is to be 

respected and obeyed accordingly. 

George Washington. 

H. Q., Valley Forge, May 26, 1778. 
Officers for duty to morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Poor. 

Colonel, Grayson. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Weisenfels. 

Brigade-major, Learned. 

Inspector, to be taken from Woolford's Brigade. 
The Commander-in-Chief, perceiving that the regimental re- 
turns materially differ in the number of sick absent, from the 
hospital reports, notwithstanding these were lodged with the 
Adjutant-general that the regimental returns might be rectified 
and adjusted by them, calls upon the commanding officers of 
regiments to make returns to-morrow to the Adjutant-general, 
specifying the names of all their sick absent, the places where 
they are, and the times tbey were sent to them, that the differ- 
ence above mentioned may be satisfactorily accounted for. In- 



356 REGIMENTAL RETURNS. 

doing this, the strictest regard is to be paid to the hospital 
reports. 

An Independent Corps, commanded by Captain Selin, are 
immediately to bury the offal and carrion near the Black Bull. 

The Commissary-general of the Staff will in the future apply 
to the commanding officer of that corps for a party to bury any 
offal which may be near his stall. 

A subaltern, sergeant, corporal, and eight men, with the 
Commissary of each brigade, are to be sent immediately into 
the vicinity of their respective brigades to seize the liquor they 
may find in the unlicensed tippling-houses. 

The Commissaries shall give receipts for the liquor they seize, 
and notify the inhabitants, or persons living in the vicinity of 
camp that an unconditional seizure will be made of all liquors 
they shall presume to sell in future. 

A flag goes to Philadelphia to-morrow. 

George Washington. 

H. Q., Valley Forge, May 27, 1778, 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Varnum. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Read. 

Major, Murray. 

Brigade-major, Ten Eyck. 

Inspector, from Scott's Brigade. 
The commanding officers of regiments are to make returns on 
Friday next of the arms that were in possession of their re- 
spective corps on the 1st November last, of all they have since 
delivered in, of those they have since drawn, and of those now 
in actual possession. It is expected they always have exact ac- 
counts kept of arms, clothing, camp utensils, <Src, furnished 
their men, as they must be responsible for their due applica- 
tion. 

Major general Mifflin, having been permitted by Congress to 
repair to, and serve in this army, is to take the command of the 
division late Lincoln's. 



COL. OSWALD PRESIDENT. 357 

The field-officers of regiments who have drawn money from 
any of the public offices for recruiting their respective corps, are 
desired as soon as possible to furnish the Auditors of the Army 
with lists of money advanced by them to their officers for that 
service. 

Captain Turberville is appointed Aid-de-Camp to Major-gen- 
eral Lee till further orders, and is to be respected accordingly. 

Officers are to see that the mud plastering around the huts 
be removed, and every other method taken to render them as 
airy as possible. They will also have the powder of a musket 
cartridge burnt in each hut daily to purify the air, or a little tar 
if it can be procured. The Commissary of Military Stores will 
provide blank cartridges for that purpose. 

George Washington. 

H. Q., Valley Forge, May 27, 1778. 
A general Court Martial, of which Lieutenant-colonel Eleazer 
Oswald is appointed president, will sit to-morrow at 9 o'clock at 
the President's quarters, for the trial of such prisoners as shall 
be brought before them. Captains Wilkerson, Eustis, Von 
Heer, Kingsbury, Captain-lieutenant McClure, two subalterns 
from Colonel Crane's Regiment, two from Colonel Lamb's Regi- 
ment, and two from Col. Proctor's Regiment, are appointed 
members; and Captain-lieutenant Ebenezer Finley, Judge-Ad- 
vocate. George Washington. 

H. Q., Valley Forge, May 28, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier general, Scott. 

Colonel, Irvine. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Bassett. 

Brigade-major, Johnson. 

Inspector, from 1st Pennsylvania Brigade. 
Commanding officers of brigades in pursuance of former or- 
ders to hold themselves in readiness to march, are to apply im- 
mediately to the Quartermaster-general for a sufficient number 
of wagons to transport their baggage, and are to have their 



358 COL. REGNIER'S RANK. 

respective brigades supplied as completely as possible with 
camp utensils and necessaries of every kind requisite towards 
taking the field. 

The Commissary will have a quantity of hard-bread and salt 
meat prepared to issue to the army when called for. As we may 
expect at every moment to march the army, it is to be prepared 
in all respects for that purpose. 

Guards of every kind are constantly to hold themselves in a 
collected state with their accoutrements on, and ready to act at 
a moment's warning. The General forbids all exercise and 
diversions, such as cause them to disperse and put off their ac- 
coutrements, which is equally inconsistent with their safety and 
good discipline. 

A Board of general officers is to set to-morrow morning at 10 
o'clock, at General Lee's quarters, to examine into Lieutenant- 
colonel Regnier's claim of rank in the New York Line, and re- 
port their opinion thereon. The other Lieutenant-colonels of 
that line are to attend. The Commander-in-Chief will lay be- 
fore the Board the memorial presented by Lieutenant colonel 
Regnier, with other papers. 

A Court of Inquiry will set tomorrow, to examine into the 
conduct of Lieutenant-colonel Parks, reported to have been ab- 
sent from camp without leave, and to have been negligent in his 
duty. All persons concerned will attend. Colonel Johnson is 
appointed president. Colonel Parker, Lieutenant-colonel Bun- 
ner, Lieutenant-colonel Starr, and Major Fenner, will attend as 
members, at the President's quarters, at 9 o'clock to-morrow 
morning. George Washington. 

H. Q., Valley Forge, May 29, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Huntington. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Burr. 

Major, Stelle. 

Brigade-major, Seely. 

Inspector, from 2d Pa. Brigade. 



SENTENCES OF COURT MARTIAL. 359 

The commanding officers of regiments and corps are not, un- 
der any pretence whatever, unless duty requires it, to permit 
their officers or men to be absent from camp, that they may be 
ready to march at an hour's warning. 

At a general Court Martial, Colonel Chambers, president, the 
25th inst., Capt. Medaras, of the North Carolina Brigade, tried 
for forgery. After mature deliberation, the court are of opinion 
that Captain Medaras is guilty of the charge exhibited against 
him, but as he could not have been actuated by motives self-in- 
terested or injurious to Captain Jones, the gentleman whose 
name he signed, and as he had been before perfectly acquainted 
with Captain Jones' sentiments, the court thinking his crime, 
though he is yet truly blameworthy, alleviated by these circum- 
stances, do sentence him to be reprimanded in general orders. 

The Commander-in-Chief approves the sentence, and is much 
concerned to find that an officer in this army should presume to 
sign a brother officer's name without his permission. Captain 
Medaras is ordered to be released from his arrest. 

At the same court, William Whiteman, wagoner, tried for 
desertion, and sentenced to receive sixty lashes, is approved, 
and ordered to be put into execution to-morrow morning on the 
grand parade, at guard-mounting. 

Also, John Clime, of the 10th Pennsylvania Regiment, tried 
for desertion, attempting to escape to the enemy,and for steal- 
ing a horse, found guilty of both charges, and sentenced to re- 
ceive 200 lashes, 100 for each crime. The General approves the 
sentence, and orders it put into execution this evening at roll- 
call, at the head of the regiment to which he belongs. 

Also, John Wood, Sergeant in the 8th Pennsylvania Regi- 
ment, tried for desertion and attempting to fly to the enemy, 
acquitted, and ordered to be released from confinement. 

On the night of the 27th inst., James Barry, an inhabitant, 
was robbed of £160, Continental money, thirteen hard dollars, a 
diamond ring, silver spoons, buckles, gold buttons, a sword, 
and some valuable men's and women's wearing apparel, and 
many other articles. 



360 a reward offered. 

Fifty Dollars Reward 
Will be given to any person that will discover the robbers, that 
the owner may recover his articles. All officers are desired to 
order the strictest inquiry to be made, that the villain* may be 
brought to justice, as it is supposed they belong to the army. 

George Washington. 

H. Q., Valley Forge, May 30, 1778. 

Officers for duty tomorrow : 

Brigadier-general, Patterson. 

Colonel, Bradley. 

Brigade major, Marshall. 

Inspector, from Poor's Brigade. 

The commanding officers of brigades are to appoint a sufficient 
number of proper officers to be left in charge of the p'ek, and 
such others of their respective brigades as will be unable to 
march with them, in case the army moves from the present 
camp. 

The Regimental Surgeons will make out and lodgre with the 
Surgeon-general of the Flying Hospital, exact returns of the sick 
belonging to their regiments who shall be left in camp when the 
army marches. 

The Board of general officers, held agreeable to the general 
order of the 28th inst., have made the following re ( ort, viz.: 
The claims of Lieutenant colonel Regnier and the other Lieuten- 
ant-colonels of the State of New York, respecting their standing 
in rank, being considered, the Board are of the opinion that Lieu- 
tenant-colonel Regnier will take rank of those gentlemen ou 
Courts Martial detachments on all duties from the line, but 
that the command assigned him must be in the line of the State, 
for notwithstanding Lieutenant-colonel Regnier'e rank as Lieu- 
tenant-colonel was antecedent to theirs in the line, yet his ap- 
pointment in that State was posterior. The Commander-in- 
Chief approves the above report. 

At a Brigade General Court Martial, May 27, 1778, Lieutenant- 
colonel Cropper president, Captain Hull, of the 15th Virginia 



SENTENCES OF COURT MARTIAL. 361 

Regiment tried, first, for being so far elevated with liquor when 
on the parade for exercising on the 14th inst., as rendered him 
incapable of doing his duties with precision; 2dly, for accusing 
Lieutenant Samuel Jones of not deposing the truth when called 
on oath to depose against him on the 18th inst., — acquitted of 
the first charge, but found guilty of the second, and sentenced 
to be reprimanded by the commanding officer of the brigade, 
in presence of all the officers therein. Captain Hull is ordered 
to be released from his arrest. 

At a general Court Martial, May 28, 1778, Colonel Chambers 
president, Ensign James Walker, of Colonel Gist's Regiment, 
tried, first, for deserting a wagon he had in his charge at the 
appearance of one of our Light Horse, and losing his party in 
his flight ; 2dly, for telling several falsehoods in relating the 
event, when returning to camp : unanimously found guilty of 
the charges exhibited against him, being breaches of Art. 5 t 
Sec. 18, and Art. 21, Sec. 14 of the Articles of War, and sentenced 
to be cashiered. The Commander-in-Chief approves the sen- 
tence, and orders it to take place immediately. 

At the same court, John Lewis, of Colonel Anger? Regiment, 
tried for threatening to take the lives of several officers of that 
regiment, found guilty, and sentenced to receive 60 lashes — ap- 
proved, and ordered to be put into execution at roll-call this 
evening, at the head of the regiment he belongs to. A quantity 
of Continental currency, lateh found in the hands of Lieuten- 
ant Dexter of Colonel Angel's Regiment. The owner may re- 
ceive the same by proving his property. 

Col. Crane's Regiment of Artillery is to be mustered on Mon- 
day next at 10 o'clock, Colonel Lamb's and Colonel Proctor's at 
the same hour on Tuesday, and Colonel Harrison's on Wednes- 
day. The officers will be careful to have their muster-rolls made 
out correctly, and see that their men have their blankets neatly 
rolled up, as they must parade with them on. 

Captain Brown's and Capt. Dorsey's Companies of Maryland 
Artillery are annexed to Col. Harrison's Regiment, with which 
they are to do duty till further orders. George Washington. 



362 GENERAL ORDERS. 

H. Q., Valley Forge, May 31, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general Wayne. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Livingston. 

Do. do Miller. 

Brigade-major, Marvin. 

Inspector, from Glover's Brigade. 

The Second State Regiment of Virginia is for the present to 
be annexed to General Muhlenberg's Brigade ; and Col. Van 
Schaick's Regiment, till further orders, is in like manner to be 
joined to the Second Pennsylvania Brigade, in lieu of the Eighth 
Pennsylvania Regiment, which is to be detached on other 
service. 

A Surgeon from each brigade is to remain in camp to attend 
the sick which shall be left behind, under the direction of Dr. 
Hutchinson, till relieved by surgeons from the General Hospi- 
tal, when they are to immediately join their respective regi- 
ments. 

Men with the small-pox, or under inoculation, are to be com- 
prehended in the number of the sick. 

Commanding officers of regiments will assist the regimental 
surgeons in procuring as many women of the army as can be 
prevailed on to serve as nurses to them, for which they will be 
paid the usual price. Orderlies are also to be left, one to every 
20 sick men, who are to be such as, for want of clothing, from 
lameness, and the like, are least fit to march with the army, but 
at the same time capable of this duty. A commissary is like- 
wise to be left to supply the sick with provisions. A commis- 
sioned officer to every 50 men is to remain, and a field officer to 
superintend the whole. 

The arms of the sick in each regiment are to supply, as far as 
necessary, the deficiency of those unfit for duty. If any remain, 
they are to be left in care of the officer who stays with the sick. 
The vaults are to be well covered before the brigades leave the 
ground. 



SENTENCES OF COURT MARTIAL. 6b& 

Commanding officers of divisions, and all others, are to pay 
the strictest attention that no woman be suffered, on any pre- 
tence, to get into the wagons of the army on the march. 

Some hospital tent- poles were delivered at the Quartermaster- 
general's store through mistake. Those who have them in pos- 
session are desired to return them immediately. 

At a Brigade Court Martial, whereof Lieutenant-colonel Os- 
wald was president, the 28th, 29th and 30th inst, Sergeant John 
Nevill, of Colonel Lamb's Regiment, tried for losing a bullock by 
neglect, when Sergeant of the commissary's guard, was by them 
unanimously acquitted. 

Jonathan Gill, of Capt. Brown's Company, tried for drunken- 
ness at his post, plead guilty and was sentenced to receive 50 
lashes. 

James "Whaling, Drummer of Colonel Proctor's Regiment, 
tried for desertion and attempting to get into Philadelphia, 
plead guilty. The court, in consideration of his youth, and his 
having received no pay or bounty except some clothes, as ap- 
peared from Col. Proctor's evidence, do sentence him to receive 
only 30 lashes. 

Michael Nash, of Captain Kingsbury's Company, tried for 
drunkenness on duty and absenting himself from his guard, 
plead guilty, and sentenced to receive 50 lashes. 

John Gibbons, of Col. Proctor's Regiment, tried for absenting 
himself from camp without leave, was sentenced to receive 50 



The General approves the sentences, and orders Sergeant 
Nevill to be released from his confinement. 

Some circumstances appearing in favor of James Whaling, 
the 30 lashes are remitted. The punishment ordered the others 
is to be inflicted to-morrow morning at guard- mounting, at the 
head of the regiments to which they respectively belong. 

The Court Martial, whereof Lieutenant-colonel Oswald is 
president, is dissolved. George Washington. 



3G4 ORDER OF MARCH. 

H. Q., Valley Fokgb, June 1, 1778. 
Officers for duty tomorrow : 

Brigadier-general, Muhlenberg. 

Colonel, Wigglesworth. 

Major, Church. 

Brigade -major Minnis. 

Inspector, from Laarned's Brigade. 

Colonel Courtlandt is appointed to tarry in camp to superin- 
tend the sick left on the ground when the army moves, and to 
send on the recovered men properly officered to join their res- 
pective corps ; and Major Marvin will repair to the Yellow 
Springs and the hospitals near camp, and superintend the sick 
there. They will apply to the orderly for written instructions. 

The following will be observed as a standing model for the 
order of march, whether of the whole army, a division, brigade, 
or battalion. It may happen that some changes may be neces- 
sary in the strength and number of the advanced, rear, and 
flank guards, and in the relative distances to each other and to 
the main body, &c, which are to be determined according to 
particular circumstances, and which the officers commanding 
will judge of; but the general principles and rules here laid 
down, are in all cases to be practised, only with such variations 
in applying them as different situations may require. 

When a battalion receives orders to march, each company 
forms before its own quarters ; the Captain, having inspected 
into their arms and accoutrements, conducts it to the regimental 
parade, where the field-officers inspect the whole, form each 
battalion into eight platoons for charging, agreeable to instruc- 
tions given, and march it by platoons to the rendezvous. When 
only one battalion marches, the Colonel orders out an advanced 
and rear guard, each consisting of one lieutenant, three non- 
commissioned officers, one drummer, and twenty privates. 

A brigade composed of several battalions, has an advanced 
and rear guard, each consisting of one captain, two subalterns, 
six non-commissioned officers, and forty or fifty privates. 



ORDER OF MARCH. 3(55 

When the several brigades march together, each brigade fur- 
nishes a proportionate number for the advanced and rear 
guards. 

When the whole army marches, the new guards of the day 
form the advanced guard, and the old ones the rear guard. The 
new guards being assembled on the grand parade, the Brigadier 
of the day forms them into a battalion of eight platoons, and 
the eldest field officer of the day takes the command of it and 
marches at the head of the column. The Brigadier of the pre- 
ceding day, having assembled the old guards, forms them in the 
same manner, the eldest field-officer taking the command and 
marching in the rear of the column. The advanced guard should 
be from 50 to 200 paces in front of the column ; each advanced 
guard should send forward a detachment to serve as an advanced 
guard to itself, and this detachment should also send out a patrol 
in front of the others, thus: one captain, two subalterns, six non- 
commissioned officers, one drummer, and fifty men, will send out 
a non-commissioned officer and twelve men, and that non-com- 
missioned officer will also advance four men in his front. An 
advanced guard of one lieutenant and twenty men, will advance 
one non-commissioned officer and eight men, who will also ad- 
vance two men in his front. The rear guard will also observe 
the same rules, sending its detachments in the rear as the ad- 
vanced guard does in front. 

When a brigade, division, or the whole army marches by the 
right, it is supposed the enemy is on the left, and the contrary. 
Each battalion will therefore send out on the flank exposed to 
the enemy one subaltern, two noncommissioned officers, and 
sixteen men, as a flank-guard, who will march in a platoon by 
files from the right opposite the centre of the battalion, at the 
distance of eighty or one hundred yards from the column. 

When the army marches in two columns, the right column has 
its flank-guard on its right, and the left column on its left. 

When the army marches in one column, and the position cf 
the enemy is uncertain, guards must be sent on both flanks. — 



366 ORDER OF MARCH. 

The advanced, rear, and flank guards must always have their 
bayonets fixed. 

Whenever the ground will permit, the battalions must march 
by platoons. During the march, each colonel must stay before 
his battalion, and each captain and subaltern before his 
platoon : the intervals between the battalions and platoons 
must be strictly observed during the march. 

When there is a creek or defile to pass, the brigadiers must 
stop till their brigades have passed, and the colonels till their 
respective battalions have passed. They will take care that the 
men pass with as large a front and as quick as possible. 

The advanced guards having passed, the defile should take 
such a situation as to be able to see all around, and shall send 
out patrols 500 paces around. The head of the column will halt 
before it enters the defile, to let the platoons get half-distance, 
and when half the column gets through, it halts till the whole 
has passed, and then continues its march. 

When the road will not permit marching by platoons, the 
march is to be made by four in front, in the following manner, 
viz : Each officer will divide his platoon into sections ; for ex- 
ample, a platoon of sixteen files makes four sections. They will 
break off by the right or left, each section two paces from the 
other, and continue the march. If a platoon has fifteen files, 
the last section will have three files ; if fourteen, the last will 
have four men in one rank ; if thirteen files, the last will have 
five files. 

When marching in this order by the right, the officers com- 
manding platoons will be on the left of the first section ; the 
sergeant stays in his place on the right, and the officers and 
non-commissioned officers who were in the rear will be on the 
right flank. If they march in this order by the left, the com- 
missioned officer of the platoon remains on the right of the first 
section, and the others on the left flank, so that by wheeling the 
sections the platoons will be formed, and each officer and non- 
commissioned officer will be in his place. 



SENTENCE OP COURT MARTIAL. 367 

Daring the march each officer must keep his platoon in order; 
the officers and non-commissioned officers in the rear must pre- 
vent the soldiers from leaving the rank on any account. If the 
soldiers have occasion for water, the officer must send a non- 
commissioned officer with some men to fill their canteens, and 
the non-commissioned officer must bring them back to their 
platoons immediately. The flank-guard will never suffer any 
non-commissioned officer or soldier to pass them during the 
march, and the rear-guard will take care to bring up all strag- 
glers. 

A brigade Court Martial is to sit to-morrow morning at nine 
o'clock, at a tent near the General's house, for the trial of such 
prisoners as shall be brought before them. Lieut. Colonel Du 
Plissis is appointed president, Captain Cook, Capt. Lieut. 
Powers, Capt. Lieut. Coltman, two Captain-lieutenants from 
Colonel Harrison's Regiment, two subalterns from Colonel 
Crane's, one from Colonel Lamb's, one from Colonel Proctor's, 
and two from Colonel Harrison's Regiments, are the members of 
the court ; and Captain Lieutenant Duffy, Judge-advocate. 

After Order. — The order for a general Court Martial, of which 
Lieutenant-colonel Du Plissis was appointed president this day, 
is countermanded. George Washington. 

H. Q., Valley Forge, June 2, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Poor. 

Colonel, ... Bowman. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Beauford. 

Brigade-major, Claiborne. 

Inspector, from Patterson's Brigade. 
At a general Court Martial, of which Colonel Chambers was 
president, May 29, 1778, Lieutenant colonel Gray, of the 12th 
Pennsylvania Regiment, tried for ungentlemanlike behavior in 
entering into private contracts with the soldiers of his regiment 
for the deficiency of rations, by which means, and other un- 
warrantable practices, the soldiers are defrauded of a consider- 
able sum of money, found guilty of the charge exhibited against 



rfbS A SPY TO BE HANGED. 

him, being a breach of Art. 21, Sec. 14, of the Articles of War, 
and sentenced to be cashiered ; and agreeable to Art. 22, Sec. 14, 
his name, place of abode, crime, and punishment, be published 
in the newspapers in and around camp, and of that particular 
State from which he came, or in which he usually resides. The 
Commander-in-Chief approves the sentence, and orders it to 
take place. 

At the same court, Lieutenant Webb, of the 7th Virginia 
Regiment, was tried for "disobedience of orders, for going on 
duty in a hunting shirt, after confessing he had a coat ; and 
being desired that if he had no regard to his own appearance to 
have some for the credit of his regiment, and therefore to not 
appear in an unofficerlike manner," found guilty, and sentenced 
to be reprimanded by the officer commanding the regiment to 
which he belongs, in presence of the officers thereof. 

The General approves the sentence, and orders it to be put 
into execution tomorrow morning at roll call. 

George Washington. 

H. Q., Valley Forge, June 3, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Varnum. 

Lieutenant-colonel Regnier. 

Major, . Porter. 

Brigade-major, McCormick. 

Inspector, from Weedon's Brigade. 
Thomas Shanks, on full conviction of his being a spy in the 
service of the enemy, before a Board of general officers held 
yesterday, by order of the Commander-in-Chief, is adjudged 
•worthy of death. He is therefore to be hanged to-morrow 
morning at guard mounting, at some convenient place near the 
grand parade. 

At a general Court Martial, the 1st inst., Colonel Chambers 
president, Lieutenant Toomy, of Colonel Gist's Regiment, at- 
tached to the Third Maryland Brigade, tried for disobedience 
of orders, found guilty, and sentenced to be reprimanded by the 
commanding officer of the brigade, in presence of the officers of 



RESOLVE OF CONGRESS. 3C0 

the brigade to which he belongs. The Oonimander-in Chief ap- 
proves the sentence, and orders it to take place to-morrow 
morning at roll-call. 

When commissions shall be issued to fill the vacancies in the 
corps of artillery, they will be dated at the time the vacancies 
happened, according to the usual method. 

Officers commanding pieces of artillery are to be very careful 
that no wagoners are, on any pretence whatever, suffered to 
lodge in their wagons. Any one found sleeping in a wagon will 
be punished, and the officer to whom such wagon shall belong 
shall be called to a severe account. 

George Washington. 

Head-quarters, Valley Forge, June 4, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general Scott. 

Lieutenant-colonel, North. 

Major, Hawes. 

Brigade-major, Berrien. 

Inspector, from Muhlenberg's Brigade. 
The following resolve of Congress, the operation of which has , 
heretofore been prevented by the particular circumstances of 
the army, is in future to be punctually observed : 
"in Congress, Nov. 19, 1776. 
"Resolved, That on any sick or disabled non-commissioned 
officer or soldier being sent to any hospital or sick quarters, the 
captain or commandant of the troop or company to which he 
belongs, shall send to the surgeon or director of the said hospi- 
tal, or give to the non-commissioned officer or soldier, so in the 
hospital or quarters, a certificate countersigned by the paymas- 
ter of the regiment (if he be with the regiment), of what pay is 
due to such non-commissioned officer or private at the time of 
his entering the hospital or quarters, and the captain or com- 
mandant of the troop or company shall not receive the pay of 
the said soldier in hospital or quarters, or include him in any 
pay-abstract during his continuance therein. And in case any 



370 LIEUTENANT-COLONEL FLEURY. 

non-commissioned officer or soldier shall be discharged from the 
hospital or quarters as unfit for further service, a certificate 
shall be given him by the surgeon or director of what pay is 
then due to him, and the said non-commissioned officer or sol- 
dier so discharged shall be entitled to receive his pay at any pay 
office, or from any paymaster in the service of the United States 
— the said paymaster keeping such certificate to prevent imposi- 
tions, and giving the non-commissioned officer or soldier his dis- 
charge, or a certified copy thereof, mentioning at the same time 
that he has been paid. That this resolution be transmitted to 
the Commanders-in-Chief in the several departments, to be by 
them given out in orders, and then delivered to the directors of 
the hospitals in each department, who are to cause the same to be 
fixed up in some conspicuous place or places in every military 
hospital, for the information of all concerned." 

The commanding officers of regiments are immediately to 
make returns to the Commissary of Military Stores, of the arms 
actually "wanting in their respective corps to complete the 
number of men fit for duty in each, agreeable to which the 
Commissary is further to issue the arms now in store. 

All persons whatever are forbid selling liquor to the Indians. 
If any sutler or soldier shall presume to act contrary to this 
prohibition, the former will be dismissed from camp, and the 
latter receive severe corporeal punishment. 

On the march, Lieutenant colonel Pleury will be attached to 
General Lee's Division, Lieutenant-colonel Davis to General Lord 
Stirling's, Lieutenant-colonel Barber to General Mifflin's, Major 
Ternant to General Marquis De Lafayette's, Lieutenant-colonel 
Brooks to General Baron De Kalb's, and as they will not be 
employed on the march in exercising or maneuvering the 
troops, they are to fill the office of Adjutant-general, each in his 
respective division. 

George Washington. 



HORSES TAKEN". 371 

Head-quarters, Valley Forge, June 5, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Huntington. 

Lieutenant colonel, Vose. 

Major, Peters. 

Brigade-major, Stagg. 

Inspector, from late Conway's Brigade. 

A Court of Inquiry, whereof Colonel Wigglesworth is ap- 
pointed president, will set to-morrow morning at 9 o'clock, at 
the President's quarters, at the request of Lieutenant-colonel 
Du Plissis, to inquire into his conduct, on the different occasions 
mentioned in a letter from the Commander-in Chief to Congrees 
in his behalf, and into the truths of the facts on which the 
representations contained in it were founded, and of the several 
matters urged by the officers of artillery to the contrary, in a 
letter from them to the Commander-in-Chief. All persons con- 
cerned will attend. Lieutenant-colonel Dearborn, Lieutenant- 
colonel Butler, Major Hay, and Major Campbell, are the mem- 
bers of the court. 

Captain Lawrence Keene, of the regiment late Patten's, is ap- 
pointed Aid-de-camp to Major-general Mifflin, and is to be 
obeyed as such. 

A Captain from Weedon's Brigade and a subaltern from the 
1st Pennsylvania Brigade, are to repair immediately to the hos- 
pitals at the Yellow Springs to relieve Captain Wallace and 
Lieutenant Swearinger. They will call at the orderly office for 
instructions. 

At a general Court Martial, whereof Colonel Chambers was 
president, the 27th ult., Lieutenant McDonald, of the 3d Penn- 
sylvania Regiment, tried for "unofficer and ungentlemanlike 
behavior, in taking two mares and a barrel of carpenter's tools 
on the lines, which mares he conveyed away, and sold the tools 
at private sale— and with insulting behavior, in refusing to 
comply with his arrest." After mature deliberation, the court 
taking into consideration several circumstances, are unanimously 
of opinion, that although Lieutenant McDonald is guilty of the 



372 SENTENCES OF COURT MARTIAL. 

facts alleged in the first charge, they do not amount to "unoffi- 
cer and ungentlemanlike behavior,' ' and do acquit him of it, 
and likewise of the second. 

The Commander-in-Chief is far from being satisfied of the 
propriety of Lieutenant McDonald's conduct. He knows of no 
authority under which he had a right to seize the horses in 
question, and to apply them in the manner he did. He approves 
still less of the measures taken with respect to the tools. 

If the probability of their being carried into the enemy by a 
disaffected person justifies the seizure, nothing can justify the 
applying them, as appears to have been intended, to private 
emolument, to the injury of the right owner, who was an absent 
and innocent person who had only lodged them in the care of 
the other during his absence. They ought immediately to 
have been reported to, and lodged with, the Quartermaster- 
general. Lieutenant McDonald is released from his arrest. 

General Poor's, Varnum's, Huntington's, 1st and 2d Penn- 
sylvania, and late Conway's Brigades, and the Artillery, will 
receive their pay for the months of February and March this 
day. Woodford's, Scott's, and the North Carolina Brigades, 
to-morrow. Glover's, Patterson's, and Learned's, the 7th inst.: 
Weedon's, Muhlenberg's, and the 1st and 2d Maryland Brigades, 
the 8th inst. 

A general Court Martial in the corps of artillery, of which 
Colonel Harrison is hereby appointed president, will sit to-mor- 
row morning at 9 o'clock, at the President's tent, for the trial 
of all such persons as shall be brought before them. Captain 
Rice, Captain Wells, one Captain, one Captain-lieutenant, and 
two Lieutenant's from Colonel Harrison's Regiment, two Lieu- 
tenant's from Colonel Crane's, one from Colonel Lamb's, and 
two from Colonel Proctor's Regiments, are the members ; and 
Captain-lieutenant Powars, Judge Advocate. 

George Washington. 



COLONEL NAGLE'S TEA-PARTY. 373 

H. Q., Valley Forge, June 6, 1778. 

Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Patterson. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Coleman. 

Major, Moore. 

Brigade-major, Bannister. 

Inspector, from Huntington's Brigade. 

At a general Court Martial, whereof Colonel Chambers was 
president, the 2d inst.. Captain Stake of the 10th Pennsylvania 
Regiment was tried for "propagating a report, that Colonel 
George Nagle was seen, on the 15th of May, drinking either tea 
or coffee in Sergeant Howercraft's tent, with his lady, her 
mother, the said Howercraft, and his family, to the prejudice of 
good order and military discipline." 

The court having considered the charge and evidence, are 
unanimously of opinion that Captain Stake's justification in 
relation to the report of Colonel Nagle's having drunk the tea 
or coffee as aforesaid is sufficient, and do acquit him of the 
charge exhibited against him. The General approves the ac- 
quittal. 

At the same court, Lieutenant Samuel Jones, of the 15th Vir- 
ginia Regiment, was tried for "concealing, and denying that he 
had in his possession, a pair of mittens belonging to Capt. Hull; 
2dly, for gaming on the 12th of May, and sundry other times ; 
3dly, for behaving in a manner unbecoming an officer and gen- 
tleman in treating Captain Hull with abusive language while 
under arrest, and endeavoring to incense the officers of his regi- 
ment against him." 

The court, having considered the charge and evidence, are of 
opinion that Lieutenant Jones is guilty of the charge exhibited 
against him, and do sentence him to be discharged from the 
service. 

The General is entirely disposed to believe from the represen- 
tations he has received in favor of Lieutenant Jones, that he 
was incapable of having retained the gloves with a fraudulent 
intention ; but as he has been clearly proved to have been guilty 



374 COURTS MARTIAL. 

of the pernicious practice of gaming, which will invariably 
meet with every mark of his disapprobation, he confirms the 
sentence of dismissing Lieutenant Jones. 

At the same court, Lieutenant John Roberts, of the 2d North 
Carolina Regiment, was tried for behaving in a scandalous and 
infamous manner, and absenting himself from camp without 
leave. The court, having considered the charges and evidence, 
are unanimously of opinion that Lieutenant John Roberts is not 
guilty of the charge exhibited aerainst him, and do acquit him. 

The General approves the acquittal, but is sorry to see little 
personal bickerings between officers, which cannot with pro- 
priety be drawn into military offences, made the subjects of 
Courts Martial. 

At a Brigade Court Martial held this day, whereof Col. Har- 
rison is president, George Deloney, of Colonel Crane's Regi- 
ment, was tried for desertion, plead guilty, and was sentenced 
to receive 100 lashes. Also, John Gill, of Colonel Harrison's 
Regiment, was tried for being drunk on his post, plead guilty, 
and was sentenced to receive 50 lashes ; but many circumstances 
appearing in favor of the prisoner, the court recommends him 
to mercy. 

The General approves the above sentences, remits the punish- 
ment ordered Gill, and forgives Deloney also, in whose favor 
some particular circumstances have appeared. 

George Washington. 

H. Q. Valley Forge, June 7, 1773. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Wayne. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Haskell. 

Major, Mentges. 

Brigade-major, Haskell. 

Inspector, from Varnum's Brigade. 
The general Court Martial, whereof Col. Chambers is presi- 
dent, is dissolved, and another ordered to sit at the usual place 
to-morrow for the trial of all such prisoners as shall be brought 



COURT MARTIAL. 375 

before it. Col. Livingston will preside. Each brigade will give 
a captain for the court. 

A general Court Martial will sit to-rnorrow at the Gulf Mill, 
to try all such persons as shall be brought before them. Lieu- 
tenant colonel Smith will preside. Four captains and eight 
subalterns, from Colonel Jackson's detachment, will attend as 
members. 

The Court of Inquiry, whereof Colonel Johnson was presi- 
dent, the 29th ult., report as follows : The court duly consider- 
ing the charge exhibited against Lieutenant- colonel Park, and 
his defence, are of opinion that he is guilty of having been 
absent from camp without leave, but that he is not guilty of 
negligence of duty while in camp. The court taking into con- 
sideration the peculiar circumstances of Lieut. Colonel Park's 
absence, and the punishment he has already endured in con- 
sequence of his arrest and suspension from duty, beg leave to 
recommend him to his Excellency as worthy of acquittal. The 
General restores Lieut. Col. Park to his command. 

The Honorable the Congress have been pleased to come to 
the following resolutions respecting the establishment of the 
army, viz.: 



376 



PAY TABLE. 



In Congress, May 27, 1778. 
Establishment of the American Army. 
The Infantry. 
Resolved, That each battalion of infantry shall coDsist of nine 
companies— one of which shall be of light-infantry ; the light- 
infantry to be kept complete by drafts from the battalion, and 
organized during the campaign into corps of light-infantry. 
That the battalion of infantry shall consist of— 



v/ 3 



6% 



Pay per month. 

1 Colonel Dollars 75 

1 Lieutenant-colonel 60 

1 Major 50 

6 Captains each 40 

1 Captain-lieutenant 26 % 

8 Lieutenants each 26K 

U Ensigns each 20 

1 Surgeon 60 

1 Surgeon's Mate .... 40 

1 Sergeant-major 10 

1 Quartermaster's. Sergeant.. 10 

27 Sergeants each 10 

1 Drum-major 9 

Each of the field-officers to command a company. The Lieu 
tenant of the Colonel's company is to have the rank of Captain 
lieutenant. 

The Artillery. 
That a battalion of artillery shall consist of— 



Pay per month. 

1 Fife-major Dollars 9 

18 Drums and Fifes each 

27 Corporals each 

477 Privates , each 

1 Paymaster to be taken 
from the line, and to re- 
ceive in addition to his 
pay in the line, per mo. 
1 Adjutant, taken as above, 
and add'nal pay per mo. 
1 Qr. Master, taken as above, 
and add'nal pay per mo. 



20 



13 



13 



Pay per month. 

1 Colonel Dollars 100 

1 Lieutenant-colonel 75 

1 Major G2% 

12 Captains each 50 

12 Captain-lieutenants.. each 33K 

12 First-lieutenants each 33 l A 

38 Second-lieutenants... .each 33J$ 

1 Surgeon 75 

1 Surgeon s Mate 50 

I Sergeant-major 11 ," 

1 Qr. Master's Sergeant 11 ^ 

I Fife-major 10^ 

1 Drum-Major 10^ 

72 Sergeants each 10 



Pay per month. 
72 Bombardiers.. each, Dolls. 9 

72 Corporals each 9 

72 Gunners each 8% 

24 Drums and Fifes each i% 

336 Matrosses each 8!4 

1 Paymaster to be taken 
from the line, and to re- 
ceive in addition to his 
pay in the line, per mo . . 25 
1 Adjutant from the line,ad- 

ditional pay per month.. . 16 
1 Qr. Master from the line, 
additional pay per mouth 16 



PAY TABLE. 



377 



The Cavalry, or Dragoons. 
That a battalion of cavalry shall consist of — 



Pay per month. 

1 Colonel Dollars 93^ 

1 Lieutenant-colonel 75 

1 Major 60 

6 Captains each 50 

12 Lieutenants each 33 V 3 

6 Cornets each 26 % 

1 Surgeon 60 

1 Surgeon's Mate 40 

1 Saddler 10 

1 Trumpet Major 11 

6 Farriers each 10 

Quartermast. Sergts, each 15 



Pay per month. 
6 Trumpeters.... each, Dolls. 10 

12 Sergeants each 15 

30 Corporals each 10 

374 Dragoons each &',i 

1 Paymaster from the line, 
ana to receive in add ition 
to his pay in the line, per 

month 25 

1 Adjutant from the line. ad- 
ditional pay per month.. 15 
1 Qr. Master from the line, 
additional pay per month. 15 



Pay per month. 

2 Sergeants each, Dollars 15 

5 Corporals each 10 

43 Provosts or privates.. each 8% 
4 Executioners each 10 



Provosts. 
That a provost be established to consist of- 

Pay per month. 
Capt. of Provosts, Dollars 50 

4 Lieutenants • . each 33) i 

1 Clerk 33)i 

1 Qr. Master's Sergeant 15 

2 Trumpeters each 10 

This corps is to be mounted on horseback, and armed and 

accoutred as light dragoons. 

That in the Engineering Department, three compauies be es- 
tablished, each to consist of— 
Pay per month. 
1 Captain Dollars 50 

3 Lieutenants each 33)4 

4 Sergeants each 10 



Pay per month. 

4 Corporals each, Dollars 9 

60 Privates each 8)i 



That two Aides-de-camp be allowed to each Major-general, 
who shall for the future appoint them out of the captains and 
subalterns. That in addition to their pay in line there be al- 
lowed to — 

An Aid-de-Camp, per month Dollars 24 

A Brigade-major, " 24 

A Brigade Quartermaster," 15 



378 



PAY TABLE. 



Note.— The pay of the following officers was at different times during the 
war fixed as follows : 



Pay per month. 

Major-general Dollars 166 

Aid-de Camp 50 

Brigadier-general of cavalry 156^ 
Brig. General of infantry.... 125 

Brigade Chaplain 50 

Quartermaster-general 166?:,' 

Deputy Qr. Mr. GeD. Southern 

Army 135 

Deputy Qr. Mr. Gen. Main 

Army 75 

Assistant Qr Mr. Generals... 

Wagonmaster 

Dep. Wagonmaster, Southern 

Army 

Wagon Conductor 20 

Adjutant 125 

Deputy Adjutant-general .... 75 
Assistant Adjutant-general.. 50 
Clerk to Adjutant-general ... 40 

Inspector- general 300 

Paymaster-general, in the 

currency of the day 1166 ?, 

Deputy Paymaster.general.. 75 
Assist. Paymaster-general... 70 
Director of Hospital 102 



:tu 



50 



Pay per month. 

Deputy Director of Hospital. 100 

Surgeon of Hospital 90 

Apothecary and Purveyor. . . 92 

Stewards of Hospitals 31 

Com'ry general of Mil. Stores 83J4 

Field Commissary Mil. Stores 50 

Dep'ty Field Com. Mil. Stores 40 

Commissary of Prisoners ... 75 

Asst. Com'ry of Prisoners 40 

Geographer to the Army 60 

Assistant Geographer 30 

Judge Advocate 75 

Deputy Judge Advocate 60 

Clothier-general 250 

Deputy Clothier-general 75 

Inspector of Rations 166 2 i 

Riding-master of Cavalry- ••• 33 } £ 

Geographical Chain-bearer.. 15 

Conductor of Artillery 40 

Forage-master .... 80 

Director of Artificers 40 

Brigade Inspector, in addi- 
tion to pay in the line 30 

Quartermaster-general 80 

Dep. Quartermaster-general. 60 



All officers will be particular to make themselves well ac- 
quainted with the establishment, and govern themselves ac- 
cordingly. The Commissaries will be particularly observant of 
what relates to their department until the regiments shall be 
arranged agreeable to this establishment. The nomination of 
regimental staff- officers, according to the mode here pointed 
out, is to be suspended. George Washington. 



LAST DAYS AT VALLEY FORGE. 379 

H. Q., Valley Fokge, June 8, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Muhlenberg. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Ramsey. 

Major, Talbott. 

Brigade-major, Alden. 

Inspector, from North Carolina Brigade. 
Captain John Mercer, of the 3d Virginia Regiment, is ap- 
pointed Aide-de-Camp to Major-general Lee, and is to be accord- 
ingly respected. 

Brigade officer of the day, Captain-lieutenant Meredith. 
Colonel Harrison gives the orderly to head-quarters, and Colonel 
Crane to the brigade. George Washington. 

H. Q., Valley Forge, June 9, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Woodford. 

Colonel, Smith. 

Major, Pauling. 

Brigade-major, Johnson. 

Inspector, from Woodford's Brigade. 
After the dismission of the old guards, the Brigadier and field- 
officers of the preceding day are to assemble at the provost- 
guard and examine into the charges against the several prison- 
ers there, and the circumstances attending them, and to dis- 
charge all such as shall appear to be improperly confined, or the 
length of whose imprisonment may be deemed a sufficient pun- 
ishment for their crimes, or whose offences are so trifling as to 
make the process of a general Court Martial unnecessary. They 
are to send to their brigades and regiments all those who are to 
be tried by Brigade or Regimental Courts. 

Three Captains and nine Lieutenants are wanted to officer 
the company of sappers. As this corps will be a school of en- 
gineering, it opens a prospect to such gentlemen as enter it, and 
will pursue the necessary studies with diligence, of becoming 
engineers, and rising to the important employments attached 
to that profession, such as the direction of fortified places, &c. 



<38U LAST DAYS AT VALLEY FORGE. 

The qualifications required of the candidates are that they be 
natives, and have a knowledge of the mathematics and drawing, 
and are disposed to apply themselves to these studies. They 
will give in their names at head-quarters. 

The army is to take a new camp to-morrow morning at 8 
o'clock. The whole is to be in readiness accordingly, aud to 
march to the respective grounds of encampment, which will be 
pointed out for each division by the Quartermaster-general. 

At a Division Court Martial, the 7th inst., Lieutenant-colonel 
Badlam president, Adjutant Allen, of Colonel Michael Jackson's 
Regiment, tried for repeated disobedience of orders, and abu- 
sive language to Major Hull, and refusing to leave his hut when 
ordered, was unanimously found guilty of the charges exhibited 
against him, and sentenced to be discharged from the service. 
The Commander-in-Chief approves the sentence, and orders it 
to take place. George Washington. 

H. Q., Valley Forge, June 10, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Poor. 

Lieutenant-colonel Harmar. 

Major, " Gaskins. 

Brigade-major, . . . . , Marshall. 

Field-officers for detachment : 

Lieutenant-colonel, Heath. 

Major, Ellison. 

For fatigue : 

Colonel, Brewer. 

Lieutenant colonel, Miller. 

Major, Hopkins. 

Colonel Crane gives the orderly to head-quarters, and Colonel 
Harrison to the brigade. George Washington. 

H. Q., Valley Forge, June 11, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Major-general, Lee. 

Brigadier-general, Seott. 

Lieutenant colonel, . ' Brent. 

Major, Tubbs. 

Brigade-major, Minnis. 



LAST DAYS AT VALLEY FORGE. 381 

Some misunderstanding, and mistakes in consequence, hav- 
ing arisen, with respect to the Major-general's command, the 
Commander-in-Chief directs, that till a more perfect arrange- 
ment can be made under the new establishment, or till further 
orders on this head, each Major-general is to command the 
division heretofore assigned him, previous to the late disposi- 
tion for a march ; but in case of an alarm, or any other general 
movement of the army, the three eldest Major-generals present 
and fit for duty, are, during the occasion, to command the 
right and left wings and second line of the army, agreeably to 
the general order of the 23d May last. The North Carolina 
Brigade is to supply the place of General Maxwell's and Lord 
Stirling's Divisions till further orders. 

Upon firing the signal-guns for an alarm, the troops are to 
form immediately in front of their respective brigades, and are 
to be marched by the senior Major-generals, as above, to their 
respective alarm-post. 

The 1st and 2d Maryland, and Varnum's Brigades, are to 
draw up in front of their respective encampments, and send to 
the Commander-in-Chief for orders. 

A Major-general is to be appointed for the day, who, with the 
Brigadier and field-officers on that duty, are carefully to 
attend to the police and good order of the camp. They are 
always to be on the grand parade at guard-mounting, and when 
the guards are marched off, the Major-general will make a dis- 
tribution of the several duties of the day among the field- 
officers of it. He is to receive and report to the Commander- 
in-Chief the remarkable occurrences which happened during 
his tour of duty, and will attend in an especial manner to the 
order of the 9th inst., respecting prisoners, as there is reason to 
believe that many of them are improperly detained in the 
provost. 

All unnecessary waste of timber is to be avoided. The com- 
manding officers will know that their Quartermaster attend 
particularly to this business. 



382 LAST DAYS AT VALLEY FORGE. 

The Commander-in Chief having received ample testimony 
of the general good character and behavior of Lieutenant 
Jones, who was sentenced to be dismissed from the service by 
a general Court Martial, which sentence was approved by him 
on the 6th inst., and being further satisfied by Generals Wood- 
ford, Scott, and other officers, that that gentleman is not 
addicted to the vice of gaming, restores him to his rank and 
command in the regiment he belonged to, and in the line of the 
army. 

At a Brigade general Court Martial, June 2, 1778, Lieutenant- 
colonel Adams president, Captain Norwood was tried for refus- 
ing to comply with a general order issued expressly for the 
relief of the troops on picket, founded on the necessity of the 
case, which at that period could not be otherwise remedied, 
found guilty of the charge exhibited against him, and sentenced 
to be privately reprimanded by the officer commanding the 
regiment to which he belongs. 

The Commander-in-Chief utterly disapproves the sentence as 
altogether inadequate to the offence. The mutinous and dan- 
gerous spirit which actuated Captain Norwood, merited? in his 
opinion, the most exemplary punishment. He is to be released 
from his arrest. 

At a general Court Martial, the 5th inst., Col. Chambers 
president, Lieutenant-colonel Hubly, of the 10th Pennsylvania 
Regiment, was tried for "malicious behavior in being the 
occasion of Colonel Nagle's signing a false return, to the injury 
of his honor and contrary to good order and military discipline, 
in the case of Captain Lang, who, as Colonel Hubly told 
Colonel Nagle, was absent without leave, though he had 
Colonel Hubly's and General "Wayne's orders to remain at Lan- 
caster until the business he was sent on was perfected." After 
mature deliberation, the court are unanimously of opinion 
that Lieutenant-colonel Hubly is not guilty, and do acquit him 
with honor. 

The Commander-in-Chief confirms the opinion. 



LAST DAYS AT VALLEY FORGE. 383 

At the same court, Captain Redman, of the late Colonel Pat- 
ten's Regiment, was tried for " misconduct on the night of the 
11th of last April, in neglecting to guard the passes, by which 
means Capt. Humphreys was surprised, and not coming to 
Captain Humphreys' assistance when he was attacked by the 
enemy." The court are unanimously of opinion, that Captain 
Redman is not guilty of the first charge exhibited against him, 
and do acquit him. They are of opinion that Captain Redman 
is guilty of the second charge, but think that his reasons for 
not marching to the assistance of Captain Humphreys are suffi- 
cient, and do unanimously acquit him with honor. 

The Commander-in Chief confirms the opinion of the court. 

At the same court, William Powell, soldier in Colonel Angell's 
Regiment, was tried — 1st, for desertion ; 2d, for re-enlisting ; 3d, 
for perjury : found guilty, and sentenced to receive 300 lashes, 
100 for each crime, and return to Colonel Angell's Regiment. 

The Commander-in Chief approves the sentence so far as it 
extends to 100 lashes. 

Likewise Edward Connolly, soldier in Col. Harrison's Regi- 
ment of Artillery, was tried— 1st, for deserting to the enemy ; 
2d, for re-enlisting into Col. Weltner's Regiment : found guilty 
of the charges exhibited against him, and sentenced to receive 
200 lashes, 100 for each crime. 

The Commander-in Chief approves the sentence the same as 
Powell's. These sentences to be put into execution to-morrow 
morning, at the head of the regiments to which they belong. 

The grand parade is assigned in front of late Conway's Brig- 
ade. George Washington. 

Note.— About this time it appeared evident that Sir Henry Clinton was 
about to evacuate Philadelphia, and General Washington aiid his array at 
Valley Forge were busy in watching his movements, and preparing if pos- 
sible, to take any advantage that circumstances might dictate. The Ameri - 
can troops under Washington, during their encampment at Valley Forge, 
had acqnired a considerable proficiency in tactics under the Baron Steuben. 
On the 18th of June, Clinton with his whole army evacuated Philadelphia. 
Washington sent General Arnold with a force to take possession of the 
city, broke up his encampment at Valley Forge, and pursued Clinton's army 
through New Jersey, hoping to strike some blow upon the enemy that 
would repay him to some extent for his long, inactive, and dreary encamp- 
ment at Valley Forge. He overtook Clinton's army at Monmouth, on the 
28th of June, and engaged in a battle which resulted in the fall of Colonel 
Monckton, of the Royal Grenadiers, and covered the American arms with 
glory. 



SUPERNUMERARY OFFICERS 

AT THE CHESTERFIELD ARRANGEMENT OP THE VIRGINIA LINE. 

FEBRUARY, 1781; AND NOTES ON THE SERVICES 

OF DIFFERENT OFFICERS. 



Col. William Heath supernumerary by juniority. 

Col. Levin Joines, 

Col. Burgess Ball, 

Lieut. Col. John Webb, 

Lieut. Col. Richard Taylor, 

Lieut. Col. Richard C. Anderson, 

Major Thomas Ridley, 

Major John Hays, 

Major Andrew Waggoner, 

Major John Gilchrist, 

Major Thomas Hill, 

Major William Taylor, 

Major William Mosely, 

Major Peter B. Bruin, 

Capt. Lieut. William Eppes, 

Capt. Lieut. John Crittendon, 

Capt. Lieut. Arthur Lind, 

Captain Richard Stephens, 6th B 

Captain William Vance, 8th 

Captain John Steed, 4th 

Lieut. David Williams, 8th 

Lieut. Edward Smith, 7th 

Ensign Thomas Holt, 1st 

Ensign Philip Coartney, 1st Regiment, subjected to a court 

of inquiry. 
Ensign Wm. Scott, 4th Regt., subjected to a court of inquiry. 
Ensign Spencer Morgan, 7th Regt., do. do. 

Ensign Win. Baylis, 8th do. do. do. 



do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


by choice. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


by juniority. 


do. 


by choice. 


do. 


by juniority. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


by choice. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


gimen 


t, superseded. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 



NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF OFFICERS. 385 

Robert H. Harrison 
Entered the army as Aid-de-Camp to General Washington, bnt 
soon became his private secretary. On the 5th of June, 1776, 
Congress resolved that R. H. Harrison, Esq., have the rank of 
Lieutenant-colonel in the Continental army. He continued in 
the family of Washington until the spring of 1781, when he left 
on account of ill health, and was appointed Chief-justice of the 
General Court of Maryland, March 10, 1781, and held said office 
until his death, in 1790. 

Col. George Baylor 
Of the Virginia Dragoons. By a special aet of Congress, May 
25, 1832, Mrs. Ann D. Baylor, representative, received $19,950.44 
as the commutation pay of a colonel of dragoons. Colonel Bay- 
lor served to the end of the war, was an officer of great merit, 
and died in the island of Barbadoes in 1784, where he went for 
the benefit of his health. 

The reader will recollect that on the 27th September, 1778, 
General Gray, a famous British marauder, surprised Baylor's 
dragoons while sleepiDg in a barn at old Tappan, N. Y., and 
out of one hundred and four persons, unarmed and asleep, 
sixty-seven were murdered in cold blood, and the rest captured. 
Seventy horses were also butchered, and Colonel Baylor made 
a prisoner. The trial and execution of Major Andre also occur- 
red at Tappan. 

Col. John Thornton 
Was appointed a Captain in the third Virginia Regiment, Feb- 
ruary 12, 1776, was promoted to Major March 20, 1777, and in the 
same year to Lieutenant-colonel. On the invasion of Virginia 
by Cornwallis in 1781, he commanded a regiment of militia as a 
Continental officer by order of General La Fayette. 

Col. Uriah Forrest, 
Of the Maryland Continental Line, was severely wounded in 
the battle of Germantown, October 4, 1777, which caused the 
loss of one of his legs. This disabled him from active service, 
and on the 23d February, 1781, he resigned his commission, and 
died in April, 1805. 



386 notes on the services of officers. 

Col. James Mayson, 
Of a Regiment of Rangers, raised in the State of South Carolina. 
By a resolution of Congress of the 24th July, 1776, his regiment 
was taken into Continental pay. His service cannot be traced 
beyond the siege of Charleston in 1780. 

Col. Mordecai Buckner 
Was commissioned Colonel of the 6th Virginia Regiment, Feb- 
ruary 13, 1776, and was cashiered February 9, 1777. 

Col. Richard Campbell 
Was commissioned as Captain February 19, 1776, and afterwards 
promoted to Lieutenant-colonel. He was killed at the battle 
of Eutaw Springs, in South Carolina, September 8, 1781. His 
heirs received 1114 acres of land. 

Col. William Crawford 
Entered the service in 1776, and resigned February 10, 1781. 
After this he entered the service against the Indians on the 
western frontier, and was killed by them. 

Gen. Hugh Mercer, 
Of the Virginia Line, was appointed Colonel to the 3d Virginia 
Reaiment, February 13, 1776, and promoted to Brigadier-general 
June 5, 1776. He was a brave and accomplished officer, and died 
January 12, 1777, of wounds received at the battle of Princeton. 
His heirs received 10,000 acresof land from the State of Virginia, 
June 24, 1783. 

Col. Richard Parker, 
Of the Virginia Line, was commissioned Captain in the second 
Virginia Regiment, January 24, 1776, and afterwards became 
Colonel of the 8th Regiment. He died at the siege of Charles- 
ton, April 24, 1780. His heirs were allowed 6666f acres of land 
by the State of Virginia, June 4, 1783. 

Col. Charles Porterfield 
Was commissioned Captain of the 11th Virginia Regiment, 
February 13, 1776, and served till August 14, 1779, when he was 
appointed Lieutenant-colonel of the State Garrison Regiment, 



NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF OFFICERS. 387 

and was killed at the battle of Camden, August 16, 1780. His 
heirs received 6000 acres of land from the State, Nov. 18, 1782. 

Col. Isaac Reed, 
Of the Virginia Line, was appointed Lieutenant-colonel of the 
4th Regiment, February 13, 1776, was promoted to Colonel 
August 13, 1776, and died in service in September, 1778. His 
heirs received 6666£ acres of land from the State. 

Colonel William Taliaferro, 
Of the Virginia Line, was appointed Captain of the 1st Regi- 
ment, September 2, 1775, and was soon promoted to Major. He 
was appointed Lieutenant-colonel, February 1, 1777, and died 
in service, February 1, 1778. His heirs received 6000 acres of 
land from the State. 

Colonel Thomas Knowlton 
Entered the service 1775, and was very busy at the bombard- 
ment of Boston in February, 1776. While the British were 
playing a theatrical farce called "Boston Blockaded," Major 
Knowlton and party crossed the mill-dam from Cobble Hill, 
and set fire to some houses in Charlestown occupied by British 
soldiers, and the farce suddenly ended in reality. He was com- 
mander of the Congress Regiment at the battle of Harlem 
Plains, September 16, 1776, and was there killed. General 
Washington said, "He would have been an honor to any 
country." 

Captain John Roberts 
Was appointed Captain January 11, 1779, in the Regiment of 
Convention Guards. The captives of General Burgoyne's army, 
surrendered at Saratoga October 17, 1777, were called the "Con- 
vention Troops." These were marched from the north to 
Charlotteville, Virginia. On the 5th of March, 1779, he was 
promoted to Major, and served till May 1, 1781. 

Captain Thomas Blackwell 
Became supernumerary on the arrangement of the army at 
White Plains in September, 1781 ; and on the 16th of May, 1783, 
received his pay as Captain to November 1, 1778. 



388 notes on the services of officers. 

Lieutenant William Price 
Served as Sergeant in the 1st Virginia Regiment from 1776, 
and, in the spring of 1779, was promoted to a lieutenancy, and 
served to the end of the war. He was discharged at Point of 
Forks in 1783. His commission was stolen from him while in 
service. He received his commutation per act 22d March, 1783, 
and was allowed 2,666| acres of land. 

Doctor William Carter 
Was a Surgeon in the Continental Hospital at Williamsburg 
from July, 1776, to the close of the war. He died in the city of 
Richmond, Virginia, in 1798. 

Lieutenant Edmund Brook 
Was appointed Lieutenant in Colonel Harrison's Virginia 
Artillery in February, 1781, and served till the siege of York- 
town, when he left camp on account of sickness, by advice of 
Captain Coleman. 

Lieutenant John Taylor 
Served as Lieutenant in the Convention Guards from January 
18, 1779, to June 15, 1781, when the regiment was disbanded on 
account of the general exchange of prisoners. He received 
2,666f acres of land November 13, 1832. 

Captain Everard Meade 
Was commissioned as Captain in the 2d Virginia Regiment, 
March 8, 1776, and served to May 1, 1780. He was then ap- 
pointed Aid-de-Camp to Major-general Lincoln, with the rank 
of Major, and served to near the end of the war. 

Cornet William Teas 
Served from 1779 to 1781 in Colonel William Washington's Cav- 
alry, and died in 1824. Received no pension. 

Captain Buller Claiborne, 
Of the Virginia Line, served in Spottswood's 2d Virginia Regi- 
ment from the spring of 1770, to 27th of July, 1777. He alleged 
service as Brigade-major, and Aid-de-Camp to General Lin- 
coln. In 1834 his heirs received 5333J acres of land. 



notes on the services of officers. 389 

Lieutenant John Emerson 
Was a Lieutenant in the 13th Virginia Regiment up to April, 
1778. On the 16th of June, 1820, he received 2666f acres of land 
for services. 

Lieutenant Thomas Wallace, 
Of the Virginia Line, was commissioned November 23, 1779, as 
a Lieutenant in the 8th Virginia Regiment, and served to No- 
vember 19, 1781, when he received marching orders to join the 
southern army in the Carolinas. 

Doctor Corbin Griffin 
Was a Surgeon in the hospital at Yorktown, and continued to 
serve to the end of the war. 

Captain George M. Bedinger 
Served as Captain and Indian spy, at Boonsboro', Maryland, 
from 1775 to 1781. 

Lieutenant Robert Green 
Was Ensign from 1776, to September 1, 1780 ; and 'Lieutenant 
from July 10, 1781, to December 31, 1781. 

Lieutenant Seth Chapin, 
Commissioned as Lieutenant, July 9, 1776, in the 1st Company 
of Massachusetts Militia, under Colonel Ezra Wood and Capt. 
Samuel Cragin, and also served in the Continental Line. 

Captain John Spottswood 
Was commissioned as Captain in the 10th Resriment of Virginia 
February 20, 1777, and continued to serve till the Chesterfield 
arrangement, February 12, 1781, when he retired from service 
as an invalid. He was pensioned, by the State of Virginia, at 
$200 per annum. 

Lieutenant Thomas Wishart 
Was a Lieutenant in the 15th Virginia Regiment, served to the 
surrender of Yorktown, and became supernumerary. 

Captain William Nelson) 
Was Captain of Militia January 25, 1777, September 6, 1779, and 
June 21, 1781 ; and was an active, meritorious, and patriotic 
officer. 



390 notes on the services op officers. 

Lieutenant Richard Nowell 
Was Sergeant of Cavalry at the battles of Brandy wine and Ger- 
mantown, and was under General Wayne at Stony Point. He 
received £90 10s 9d, from the State of Virginia as a Sergeant of 
Cavalry, was at Morristown with the army in 1780, and pro- 
moted to Lieutenant of Cavalry. In 1781 he was an express 
rider from General Washington to General Greene, and with 
Colonel Washington's Cavalry at the battle of the Cowpens. 
For his gallant services he was promoted to Brigade-major, and 
served to the surrender of Cornwallis. On entering service he 
was a student at William and Mary College. He was presented' 
with a sword by General Washington for his gallant services. 
He died January 17, 1800, leaving a widow and five children. 

Captain John De Treville 
Was a French gentleman, and was Captain in the 4th South 
Carolina Artillery under Colonel Owen Roberts, and was taken 
prisoner at the surrender of Charlestown, May 12, 1780. He 
was included in the general exchange of prisoners June 15, 1781. 

Lieutenant Eli Parsons 
Was commissioned in 1776 as Lieutenant, in Colonel James Clin- 
ton's New York Regiment, was subsequently made a Lieuten- 
ant in Colonel Crane's Artillery, and was severely wounded at 
the battle of Germantown, which disabled him from holding 
rank in the line. He was appointed Commissary of Issues in 
1778, and attached to General Knox's Brigade until he received 
permission to retire, from General Washington, in May, 1779. — 
Colonel Charles Stewart induced him to remain in service, and 
take charge of a magazine of provisions at Wyoming for the 
supply of General Sullivan's expedition against the Indians. 
He died September 25, 1830. 

Captain Dohickey Arundell, 
Of the Continental Artillery of Virginia, entered the service 
February 5, 1776, under General Lewis, as Captain of Artillery, 
and was killed in the engagement at Gwinn's Island in the 
Chesapeake Bay, July 8, 1776, by the bursting of a mortar, 
while attempting to dislodge Lord Dunmore from the island. 



notes on the services of officers. 391 

Captain Peter Bernard 
Served two years and two months, ending September 1, 1779, 
and then resigned. 

Major John Brent 
Was commissioned Captain in the Virginia Line February 20, 
1776, and resigned as Major May 4, 1778. His commission, with 
his resignation written on it, is among the "Washington papers 
in the Department of State. 

Francis T. Brooke 
Was a Lieutenant and Deputy Quartermaster in Colonel Harri- 
son's Artillery from 1781 to the close of the war. He received 
5333J acres of land from Virginia. 

Captain John Blair 
Was appointed Lieutenant in Colonel Harrison's Artillery 
January 13, 1777, was promoted to Captain, and was mortally 
wounded at the battle of Camden, and died August 18, 1780. His 
heirs received 4000 acres of land from Virginia. 
Ensign William B. Bunting 
Was commissioned as ensign in the 9th Virginia Regiment Feb- 
ruary 14, 1776, and died in service April 1, 1777. His heirs re- 
ceived land from Virginia. 

Lieutenant Daniel Bedinger, 
Of the Virginia Line on Continental establishment, and entered 
the service in July, 1776, and continued in actual service till the 
dismission of the army in South Carolina in 1783. 

Rev. John Cordell 
Was appointed Chaplain of the 11th Virginia Regiment 
February 15, 1777, and served to January 1, 1779, and was 
allowed 6000 acres of land by the State of Virginia. 

Major Matthew Donovan, 
Of the 9th Virginia Regiment, died in service in 1777. His heirs 
were allowed 6893 acres of land by the State of Virginia. 

Captain James Davis, 
Of the Virginia Line, was appointed August 7, 1776, and became 
supernumerary September 30, 1778. 



393 notes on the services of officers. 

Major Edmund Dickinson, 
Of the Virginia Line, was appointed Captain in 1776, became 
Major by promotion, and was killed at the battle of Monmouth 
June 28, 1778. His heirs received 5383£ acres of land from the 
State of Virginia. 

Lieutenant Henry Field, 
Of the Virginia Line, was appointed Lieutenant in the 8th 
Regiment January 26, 1776, and resigned August 3, 1776. He 
was allowed 2666f acres of land by the State. 

Lieutenant Thomas Gordon, 
Of the Maryland Line, was appointed February 20, 1777, and 
resigned July 1, 1778. 

Surgeon David Gould 
Was a Surgeon of the General Hospital, and served from Sep- 
tember 8, 1777, to July 11, 1781. 

Lieutenant Joseph Hold, 
Of the Virginia Line, was appointed in the 10th Regiment 
January 12, 1777, and resigned April 1, 1778. He was allowed 
2666| acres of land by the State. 

Captain Reuben Lipscomb, 
Of the Virginia Line, was appointed in the 3d Regiment Nov- 
ember 28, 1776, and died in service October 3, 1778. His heirs 
received 4000 acres of land from the State. 

Captain Thomas H. Luckett, 
Of Colonel Rawlings Riflemen, attached to Colonel Morgan's 
Virginia Riflemen, received 5500 acres of land from the State of 
Virginia for a service of eight years and four months. He 
served to the end of the war and received " commutation." 

Brigade-major Daniel Left 
Acted as Quartermaster from January 1, 1777, to October 1, 

1777, and as Paymaster from this latter date to September 21, 

1778, then as Brigade-major for three months, to December 21, 
1778. He received 5333£ acres of land from the State of Virginia. 

Captain Jonathan Langdon, 
Of the Virginia Line, was commissioned as Captain in the 12th 



NOTES ON THE SERVICES OP OFFICERS. 393 

Regiment September 30, 1776, and resigned November 14, 1776, 
as appears among the Washington Papers in the department of 
State. ' 

Captain Ambrose Madison, 
Of the Virginia Line, served in the 3d Regiment as Paymaster 
from February 1, 1777, to August 1, 1778, and as Captain of the 
Convention Guards, from January 18 to September 23, 1779, 
and received 4000 acres of land from the State. 

Captain Joseph Michedx, 
Of the Virginia Line, served in the 14th Regiment from Febru- 
ary 24, 1777, and resigned December 24 of the same year. He 
subsequently entered the service, and received 4000 acres of 
land. 

Lieut. Richard Muse, 
Of the Virginia Line, was appointed Lieutenant in the 15th 
Regiment December 22, 1776, and resigned May 14, 1779. His 
heirs received 2666f acres of land from the State. 

Captain John Morton 
Was appointed Captain of the 4th Regiment of the Virginia 
Line February 19, 1776, and resigned March 12, 1777. He re- 
ceived 4000 acres of land from the State. 

Captain Richard Pendleton, 
Of the Virginia Line, received 4000 acres of land from the State 
on the 18th February, 1839, for three years 1 service. 

Surgeon Shubael Pratt, 
Of the Virginia Line, received pay as Surgeon from March 12, 
1778, to June 12, 1779; and on the 6th June, 1838, his heirs re- 
ceived 6000 acres of land from the State for three years' service. 

Surgeon William Rumney, 
Of the Virginia Line, served from March 12, 1778, to March 12, 
1780, and received 6000 acres of land. 

Captain Hebard Smallwood, 
Of the Virginia Line, was appointed C iptain in Colonel Gray- 
son's Regiment March 4, 1777, and resigned October 6, 1778. He 
received 4444 acres of land from the State. 



394 notes on the services of officers. 

Surgeon Charles Taylor 
Served from October 26, 1779, to May 15, 1780, in the Virginia 
Line, and on the 30th June, 1783, received 6000 acres of land 
from the State. 

Captain Benjamin Timberlake, 
Of the Virginia Line, served as Captain of the Convention 
Guards at Charlotteville, from .lanuary 13, 1779, to October 12th 
of the same year, and received 4000 acres of land from the State. 

Lieutenant Johjj Wilson, 
Of the Virginia Line, was commissioned Lieutenant in the 4th 
Regiment March 12, 1777, and was killed at the battle of the 
Eutaw Springs, September 8, 1781. His heirs received 2666f 
acres of land from the State. 

Lieutenant Charles Yarborough, 
Appointed Lieutenant in Colonel William Washington's Vir- 
ginia Cavalry, Oct. 16, 1780, and served to the end of the war. 

Lieutenant John McKinley, 
Of the Virginia Line. Captain Uriah Springer, of Colonel John 
Gibson's Frontier Detachment, swears that McKinley entered 
the army early in 1776 as Sergeant in Captain Stephen Ashby's 
Company of State troops, and served till December following, 
when he was commissioned as Lieutenant in the 13th Continen- 
tal Regiment, and served till early in 1778. He joined Colonel 
Crawford's expedition against the Indians in 1782 and was 
killed. (2. 27. 1064.) 

Lieutenant Michael McDonald 
Served as a Lieutenant in the British navy. He deserted and 
entered the Continental service with the same rank, March 23, 
1777, and served to January 1, 1781, in Putnam's and Nixon's 
Regiments as a private soldier, for fear the British would see 
him as an officer. (2. 27. 1079.) 

Adjutant Simon Summers, 
Of the Virginia Line, was appointed Lieutenant and Adjutant 
in the 6th Virginia Regiment on the 21st March, 1776, and was 
paid for services as such to the 10th February, 1781. His service 
extended to the end of the war, and was pensioned under act 



NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF OFFICERS. 39i> 

15th May, 1828, as Lieutenant, and under act 7th June, 1832, as 

Ad j utant. 

Captain William E. Godfrey, 

Of the Pennsylvania Line, was taken prisoner by the British 
and carried to New York, where he remained seven months. 
He was Captain in Colonel Flower's Corps of Artillery Artificers 
from July 1, 1777, to Jan. 1, 1782, when he became supernu- 
merary. 

Lieutenant Edmund Gamble, 

Of the North Carolina State Cavalry, was commissioned by Gov. 
Caswell, and served to the end of the war. 

Captain Augustus Willett, 
Of the Pennsylvania Line, served in Montgomery's expedition 
against Canada in 1775, and on the 10th May, 1780, he was com- 
missioned a Major in the 4th Battalion of Pennsylvania Militia, 
and was made a Lieutenant-colonel of the same May 1, 1783. 

Captain Samuel Jones, 
Of the Virginia Line, served in the 11th Regiment as Lieuten- 
ant from September 1, 1777, to January 1, 1780; and as Captain 
from January 1, 1780, to January 1, 1781. 

Henry King, 
Of the Maryland Line, enlisted as Sergeant May 25, 1778, and 
served as such to the 20th of October of the same year. He 
served as Commissary's Clerk from October 21 to December 31, 
1778, and as the same from this latter date to April 19, 1780 ; and 
as Assistant Commissary of Issues from May 10, 1780, to Sep- 
tember 10, 1781, in General Smallwood's Brigade. 

Lieutenant Isaac Bowman 
Served as Lieutenant and Quartermaster in Col. George R. 
Clark's "Illinois" Regiment from May, 1779. He was taken 
prisoner and kept as such from November, 1779, to April, 1780, 
and was sold by the Indians to a trader named Turnbull, who 
carried him to New Orleans and Cuba. He escaped, and made 
his way home to Virginia. 

Lieutenant Ezra Chapman, 
Of the Connecticut Line, entered the service in Captain 



39b NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF OFFICERS. 

Horton's company of Colonel Baldwin's Artificers, August 6, 
1777, and died in service September 1, 1778. 

Ensign Clement Sewell, 
Of the Maryland Line, entered the service in March, 1777, in 
Captain Ford's Company, of the 1st Maryland Regiment. He 
was promoted to Ensign September 12, 1777. He received a 
severe wound in the leg at the battle of Germantown, October 
4, 1777, which disabled him from field service for a long time. 
His services were recognized to the end of the war, and a pension 
was granted him, per act 15th May, 1828. 

Ca.ptain William Davenport, 
Of the Virginia Line, entered the service as Lieutenant, and 
resigned his commission as such in December, 1779. Brigadier- 
general Muhlenberg, under date July 24, 1783, certifies that 
William Davenport served upwards of three years as Lieutenant, 
and lastly as Captain, in the Virginia Line. He received 4000 
acres of land from the State. 

Ensign James Broadus, 
Of the Virginia Line, entered the service as a private February 
1,1776, was promoted to Sergeant and Ensign, and served to 
the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown, October 19, 1781, but 
held his commission to the close of the war, subject to duty. 

Colonial John H. Stone, 
Of the Maryland Line, was appointed a Captain in January, 
1776, and in December of the same year he was appointed Colo- 
nel. He was severely wounded at the battle of Germantown, 
and by reason of his disability he was obliged to resign August 
1, 1779. He died October 5, 1804. 

Captain John Davis, 
Of the Pennsylvania Line, was appointed Captain November 15, 
1776, in the 9th Pennsylvania Regiment, and was in service as 
such in South Carolina January 11, 1782. His service has been 
accredited to the end of the war. 



notes on the services of officers. 397 

Nehemiah Stokely, 
Of the Pennsylvania Line, entered the service as Captain, in 
the 8th Pennsylvania Regiment, under Colonel Bradshaw, in 
1776, and became supernumerary in April, 1779. 

Captain David Noble, 
Of the Massachusetts Line, raised a company in 1775, and entered 
into the service in C olouel Patterson's Regiment, attached to 
General Sullivan's Brigade, and died in the service in July, 1776. 

Lieutenant Samuel Jones, 
Of the Virginia Line. There were two of this name, one of the 
11th and the other of the 15th Regiment. The one of the 15th 
Regiment was dismissed from the service June 6, 1778, and re- 
stored by General Washington on the 11th of the same month 
(see Washington's orders of those days, and Report No. 12, 1st 
Session 34th Congress). 

Captain Samuel Ranson, 
Of the Pennsylvania Line, was Captain of a company raised by 
Congress for trie defence of Westmoreland, per act August 23, 
1776. He continued to act in concert with the Continental army 
till the threatened invasion of Wyoming by the British and 
Indians, in 1778. He was killed in the bloody battle of Wyo- 
ming, July 3, 1778. 

Colonel Willis Reddick, 
Of the militia of Nansemond county, Va. His house, contain- 
ing military stores, was burnt by the British in 1779. 

Doctor Francis Le Baron Goodwin 
Was Surgeon of Colonel Henry Jackson's 9th Massachusetts 
Regiment, and served from 1779 to the close of the year 1782, 
which service entitled him to the benefits of the act of January, 
17, 1781. 

Captain William Harrison 
Was appointed in 1776 a Lieutenant in Captain Edward Vea- 
sey's Company, of Colonel Smallwood's Maryland Regiment. 
Captain Veasey was killed at the battle of Long Island, August 



ay» NOTES ON THE SERVICES OF OFFICERS. 

27, 1776, when Lieutenant Harrison succeeded to the command 
of the company, and died in 1777, of wounds received in service. 

Eev. David Griffith, 
Of the 3d Virginia Regiment, served as Surgeon and Chaplain 
of the Regiment from February 28, 1776, to March 18, 1779, as 
certified by Brigadier-general George Weedon, under date of 
September 25, 1780. 

Captain Abraham Hite 
Served as Paymaster to the 8th Virginia Regiment from Janu- 
ary 1, 1779, to the reduction of Charleston, May 12, 1780, when 
he was made a prisoner. No one was appointed in his place, 
and his service is accredited to the end of the war. 

Captain Mayo Carrington 
"Was appointed Assistant Quartermaster-general in the Virginia 
Line December 10, 1779, and acted in that capacity till the 27th 
March, 1781, and likewise acted as Quartermaster to* General 
Woodford's Brigade from July 16th to December 10, 1779. 

Lieutenant James Morton 
Was appointed Quartermaster to the 4th Virginia Continental 
Regiment April 1, 1778, and eo continued till January 1, 1782. 

Ensign John Spitfathom 
Was in service at the battle of Great Bridge, December 12, 1775, 
and continued in active service in the northern campaigns until 
December 17, 1780, when he was made Ensign, and so continued 
until the arrangement of the army in 1782. 

Captain Henry Bedinger, 
Of the Virginia Line, entered the service in June 1775, in 
Captain Hugh Stephenson's Company of Riflemen, and was 
appointed Sergeant before he left the recruiting rendezvous at 
Shepherdstown, Va. He marched with his company to the 
siege of Boston, and served till his company was discharged, in 
June, 1776. He was, July 9, 1776, made a Lieutenant in Captain 
Abraham Shepherd's Company, in Colonel Hugh Stephenson's 
Regiment of Riflemen. In August, 1776, Colonel Stephenson 



A LIST OF CLA.IM3 AGAINST VIRGINIA. 39U 

died, and Colonel Moses Rawlings assumed the command of the 
regiment. Captain Bedinger was with his regiment at the 
defence of Fort Washington, November 16, 1776. He was there 
captured and detained a prisoner of war " four years wanting 
sixteen days." His service is accredited to the end of the war, 
and he received a pension in Berkeley county, Va., underact 
May 15, 1728, as a captain, to which he had been promoted 
while a prisoner. 



A List of Claims brought against the State of Virginia bv Officers 
of her Line on Continental Establishment. 

Lieutenant-colonels. 
Thomas Posey, for pay from September 11, 1782, to March 10, 1V83, and 

balance of subsistence from January 1, 1783, to March 10, 1783. 
Samuel Cabell, claim referred to John Pierce, Postmaster-general. 
John Webb, for depreciation of his pay, and his account for commutation. 
Oliver Towles, for pay and commutation. 

Majors. 
Samuel Finley, claim for pay in 1776, 1782, and 1783. 
William Taylor, deranged in 1781, claim for commutation. 
Joseph Crocket, claim for twelve month's pay as a supernumerary Captain 
William Croghan, sundry accounts. 

Captains. 
Abraham Kilpatrick, old money account. 
Clough Skelton, recruiting account. 
Francis Minnis, for pay in 1783. 
Erasmus Gill, ration account. 

John Mountjoy, twelve months' pay as supernumerary. 
James Williams, subsistence account. 
Nathan Keid, subsistence account. 
Strother Jones, account for commutation. 
John B. Johnson, account for pay, &c. 
Presley Nevill, do. do. 

Lewis Thomas, for pay and subsistence in 1783. 
John Fitzgerald, do. do. in 1783. 

Simon Morgan, account for pay, &c. 

Lieutenants. 
William Brownlee, for commutation. 
Charles Jones, account as Paymaster up to 1783. 



400 



A LIST OF CLAIMS AGAINST VIRGINIA. 



Nicholas Taliaferro, recruiting account. 

William Triplett, for commutation. 

John Gordon, for pay in 1782 and 17 83. 

William Patterson, for sundry expenses. 

Christopher Greenup, recruiting account. 

Charles Erskine, for pay in 1782 and 1783 as Lieutenant of Dragoons. 

William Stevenson, for pay in 1782 and 1783 as Lieutenant of Artillery. 

Albion Throckmorton, for pay in 1783 as Cornet in Lee's Legion. 

James Wallace, for pay in 1782, and commutation. 

George Blakemore, for expenses as Lieutenant. 



James Bedford, Sergeant, recruit- 
ing account. 
William Dinsmore, for pay as 

private in 1782 and 1783. 
A. McMahan, for pay as Sergeant 

of Dragoons. 
John Rogers, for pay as private in 

1782 and 1783. 
James Bowser, for pay as private 

in 1782 and 1783. 
Elias Honey, pay as Matross in 

1782 and 1783. 
Henry Craddock, balance due as 

Sergeant. 
George Gillaspie, pay as Musician. 
Daniel Wilkinson, pay as private. 
Robert Brown, do. do. 

Lewis Peyton, do. do. 

James Brook, do. do. 

Samuel Horton, pay as Dragoon. 
Joseph Cooker, pay as Matross. 
Spencer Cooper, do, do. 

Thomas Smith,payasDrum-major. 
Nicholas Neil, pay as Sergeant. 
John Ayres, pay as private. 



Zadoc Robertson, pay as Matross. 
Martin Whitsell, do. do. 

Jacob Shoomaker, do. do. 

Daniel Cam, do. do. 

James Dixon, pay as Dragoon, 
Charles Neal, do. do. 

William Smothers, pay as Matross. 
George Moxley, pay as Corporal 

of Dragoons. 
Joseph Timberlake, pay as private 

of guards. 
Nathan Fortune, pay as Dragoon. 
Jacob Gore, pay as Sergeant of 

Dragoons. 
John Plodd, pay as Dragoon. 
Adam Andrew, do. do. 

John Demoss, pay as private. 
John Reasoner, do. do. 

John Trotler, do. do. 

John McDowell, do. do. 

Alexander Scott, pay as Matross. 
Elisha Dickerson, pay as Dragoon 

in 1782. 
William Wood, pay as Corporal of 

Artillery. 



PROMISES AND CONTRACTS 

OF THE CONTINENTAL CONGRESS WITH THE OFFICERS OF TH] 
REVOLUTIONARY ARMY. 



In Congress, August 14, 1776. 
Whereas, it has been the wise policy of the States to extend 
the protection of their laws to all those who should settle among 
them, of whatever nation or religion they might be, and to 
admit them to a participation of the benefits of civil and religi- 
ous freedom ; and the benevolence of this practice, as well as 
its salutary effects, have rendered it worthy of beiDg continued 
in future times ; and whereas, his Britannic majesty, in order to 
destroy our freedom and happiness, has commenced against us 
a cruel and unprovoked war; and unable to engage Britons 
sufficient to execute his sanguinary measures, has applied for 
aid to foreign princes, who are in the habit of selling the blood 
of their people lor money, and from them has procured and 
transported hither considerable numbers of foreigners. And it 
is conceived that such foreigners, if apprised of the practice of 
these States, would choose to accept of lands, liberty, safety, 
and a communion of good laws and mild government, in a 
country where many of their friends and relations are already 
happily settled, rather than continue exposed to the toils and 
dangers of a long and bloody war, waged against a people guilty 
of no other crime than that of refusing to exchange freedom for 
slavery ; and that they do this the more especially, when they 
reflect that after they have violated every Christian and moral 
precept by invading and attempting to destroy those who have 
never injured them or their country, their only reward, if they 
escape death and captivity, will be a return to the despotism of 
their prince, to be by him again sold to do the drudgery of 
some other enemy to the rights of mankind. And whereas, the 
parliament of Great Britain have thought fit, by a late act, not 



402 PROMISES AND CONTRACTS OF CONGRESS. 

only to invite our troops to desert our service, but to direct a 
compulsion of our people, taken at sea, to serve against their 

country: _ 

Resolved, therefore, That these States will receive all such 
foreigners who shall leave the armies of his Britannic majesty 
in America, and shall choose to become members of any of 
these States, and they shall be protected in the free exercise of 
their respective religions, and be invested with the rights, 
privileges, and immunities of natives, as established by the laws 
of these States, and moreover, that this Congress will provide 
for every such person fifty acres of unappropriated lands, in 
some of these States, to be held by him and his heirs in ab- 
solute property. 

Congress proceeding to take into further consideration the 
expediency of inviting, from the service of his Britannic majes- 
ty such foreigners as are engaged therein, and expecting that 
among the officers having command in the said foreign corps 
there may be many of liberal minds, possessing just sentiments 
of the rights of human nature, and of the inestimable value of 
freedom, who may be prompted to renounce so dishonorable a 
service by the feelings of humanity, and a just indignation at 
the office to which they are devoted by an infamous contract 
between two arbitrary sovereigns, and at the insults offered 
them, by compelling them to wage war against ^ innocent 
people who never offended them, nor the nation to which they 
belong, but are only contending for their just rights ; and will- 
ing to tender to them also, as they had before done to the sold- 
iers of their corps, a participation of the blessings of peace, 
liberty, property, and mild government: 

Resolved, That this Congress will give to all such of the said 
foreign officers as shall leave the armies of his Britannic majesty 
in America, and chose to become citizens of these States unap- 
propriated lands, in the following quantities and Proportions, 
to them'and their heirs in absolute dominion ; to a colonel, 1000 
acres ; to a lieutenant-colonel, 800 acres ; to a major, 600 acres ; 
to a captain, 400; to a lieutenant, 300 acres ; to an ensign, .00 



PROMISES AND CONTRACTS OF CONGRESS. 403 

acres ; to every non-commissioned officer, 100 acres ; and to every 
other officer or person employed in the said foreign corps, and 
whose office or employment is not here specially named, in the 
like proportion to their rank or pay in the said corps ; and more- 
over, that where any officers shall bring with them a number of 
said foreign soldiers, this Congress, besides the lands before 
promised to the said officers and soldiers , will give to such officers 
further rewards, proportioned to the number they shall bring 
over, and suited to the nature of their wants : provided that 
such foreign officers or soldiers shall come over from the armies 
of his Britannic majesty before these offers shall be recalled. 
In Congress, September 16, 1776. 

Resolved, That, in addition to a money bounty of twenty dol- 
lars to each non-commissioned officer and private soldier, Con- 
gress make provision for granting lands, in the following pro- 
portions, to the officers and soldiers who shall engage in the 
service, and continue therein to the close of the war, or until 
discharged by Congress, and to the representatives of such 
officers and soldiers as shall be slain by the enemy. Such lands 
to be provided by the United States, and whatever expense 
shall be necessary to procure such land; the said expense shall 
be paid and borne by the States, in the same proportion as the 
other expenses of the war, viz.: to a colonel, 500 acres ; to a lieu- 
tenant-colonel, 450 acres ; to a major, 400 acres ; to a captain, 300 
acres ; to a lieutenant, 200 acres ; to an ensign, 150 acres ; each 
non-commissioned officer and soldier, 100 acres. 
In Congress, May 15, 1778. 

Resolved, unanimously, That all military officers, commis- 
sioned by Congress, who now are, or hereafter may be, in the 
service of these United States, and shall continue therein 
during the war, and not hold any office of profit under these 
States, or any of them, shall, after the conclusion of the war, 
be entitled to receive annually, for the term of seven years, if 
they live so long, one-half of the present pay of such officers : 
Provided, That no general officer of the cavalry, artillery, or 
infantry, shall be entitled to receive more than the one-half part 



404 PROMISES AND CONTRACTS OF CONGRESS. 

of the pay of a color el of 6uch corps respectively : And provi- 
ded, That this resolution shall not extend to any officer in the 
service of the United States, unless he shall have taken an 
oath of allegiance to, and shall actually reside within, some one 
of the United States. 

Resolved, unanimously. That every non-commissioned mili- 
tary officer and solidier who hath enlisted, or shall enlist, into 
the service of these States for and during the war, and shall 
continue therein to the end thereof, shall be entitled to receive 
the further reward of eighty dollars at the expiration of the war. 
In Congress, November 24, 1778. 

Whereas, from the alteration of the establishment, and other 
causes, many valuable officers have been, and may be, omitted 
in the new arrangement as being supernumerary, who, from 
their conduct and services, are entitled to the honorable notice 
of Congress, and to a suitable provision, until they can return to 
civil life with advantage : Resolved, therefore, That Congress 
gratefully acknowledge the faithful services of such officers, and 
that all supernumerary officers be entitled to one year's pay of 
their commissions respectively, to be computed from the time 
such officers had leave of absence from the Commander-in-Chief 
on this account ; and Congress do earnestly recommend to the 
several States to which such officers belong, to make such 
further provision for them as their respective circumstances 
and merit may entitle them to. 

In Congress, May 22, 1779. 

Resolved, That all Continental officers who are or may be ex- 
changed, and not continued in the service, be, after such ex- 
change, considered as supernumerary officers, and entitled to 
the pay provided by the resolution of Congress of the 24th of 

November last. 

In Congress, August 24, 1780. 

Resolved, That the resolution of May 15, 1778, granting seven 

years' half-pay to the officers of the army who should continue 

in the service to the end of the war, be extended to the widows 

of those officers who have died, or shall hereafter die, in the 



PROMISES AND CONTRACTS OF CONGRESS. 405 

service ; to commence from the time of such officer's death, and 
continue for the term of seven years ; or if there be no widow, 
or, in case of her death or intermarriage, the said half-pay be 
given to the orphan children of the officer dying as aforesaid, if 
he shall have left any : and that it be recommended to the legis- 
latures of the respective States, to which such officers belong, to 
make provision for paying the same on account of the United 
States ; that the restricting clause in the resolution of May 15, 
1778, granting half-pay to the officers for seven years, expressed 
in these words, "and not hold any office of profit under these 
States, or any of them," be, and the same is hereby, repealed. 
In Congkess, October 3, 1780. 
"Whereas, by the foregoing arrangement {reform of the army, 
to take effect January 1, 1781), many deserving offieers must be- 
come supernumerary, and it is proper that regard be had to 
them : Resolved, That from the time the reform of the army 
takes place, they be entitled to half pay for seven years in spe- 
cie, or other current money equivalent, and also grants of lands 
at the close of the war, agreeably to the resolution of Septem- 
ber 16, 1776. 

In Congress, October 21, 1780. 

Resolved, That the Commander-in-Chief, and commanding 
officer in the Southern department, direct the officers of each 
State to meet and agree upon the officers for the regiments to 
be raised by their respective States, from those who incline to 
continue in the service, and where it cannot be done by agree- 
ment, to be determined by seniority, and make return of those 
who are to remain ; wnieh is to be transmitted to Congress, to- 
gether with the names of the offieers reduced, who are to be 
allowed half-pay for life. 

Resolved, That the offieers who shall continue in the service 
to the end of the war shall also be entitled to half-pay during 
life, to commeace from the time of their reduction. 
In Congkess, November 28, 1780. 

Resolved, That the said half-pay for life be extended to all 
Major-generals and Brigadier-generals who shall continue in 
service to the end of the war. 



406 PROMISES AND CONTRACTS OF CONGRESS. 

Resolved, That the resolution of October 21 was so meant and 
intended. 

In Congress, January 17, 1781. 

Resolved, That all officers in the hospital department and 
medical staff, hereinafter mentioned, who shall continue in 
service to the end of the war, or be reduced before that time, 
as supernumeraries, shall be entitled to, and receive, during 
life, in lieu of half-pay, the following allowance, viz.: The 
director of the hospital equal to the half-pay of a Lieutenant- 
colonel. 

Chief physicians and surgeons of the army and hospitals, and 
hospital physicians and surgeons, purveyor, apothecary, and 
regimental surgeons, each equal to the half-pay of a Captain. 
In Congress, May 8, 1781. 

Resolved, That every chaplain, deemed and certified to the 
Board of War to be supernumerary, be no longer continued in 
service, and be entitled to have their depreciation made good, 
and to the half-pay of Captains for life. 

In Congress, May 26, 1781. 

Resolved, That the officers of the Flying- Camp, lately return- 
ed from captivity, be allowed depreciation by their respective 
States in the same manner as officers in the line of such States: 
That is settling the accounts of officers returned from captivity, 
and who are entiled to the benefit of the resolutions of Novem- 
ber 24, 1780, and May 22, 1779, the auditors allow the year's pay 
mentioned in said resolutions in bills of the new emission. 
In Congress, December 31, 1781. 

Resolved, That all officers of the line of the army below the 
rank of Brigadier-general, who do not belong to the line of any 
particular State, or separate corps of the army, and are entitled 
by acts of Congress to pay and subsistence, shall have the same, 
with the depreciation of their pay made good to January 1, 
1782. 

Resolved, That the Secretary of War be, and he is hereby 
directed to make returns to Congress, on or before the 20th day 
of January, 1782, of the names and rank of all the officers neces- 



PROMISES AND CONTRACTS OF CONGRESS. 407 

sary to be retained in service, that are included in the preced- 
ing resolution. 

Resolved, That all officers included in the foregoing descrip- 
tion, and -whose names shall net be inserted in the returns 
directed to be made by the preceding resolution, shall be con- 
sidered as retiring from service January 1, 1782; provided always, 
that nothing contained in these resolutions shall be construed 
so as to prevent or hinder any officer that shall retire as afore- 
said from enjoying all the emoluments that he may, upon re- 
tiring be entitled to by any former acts of Congress. 
In Congress, March 22, 1783. 

Whereas, The officers of the several lines under the imme- 
diate command of his Excellency, General Washington, did, by 
their late memorial, transmitted by their committee, represent 
to Congress that the half-pay granted by sundry resolutions 
■was regarded in an unfavorable light by the citizens of some of 
these States, who would prefer a compensation for a- limited 
term of years, or by a sum in gross, to an establishment for life; 
and did, on that account solicit a commutation of their half- 
pay for an equivalent, in one of the two modes above mention- 
ed, in order to remove all subject of dissatisfaction from the 
minds of their fellow-citizens: and whereas, Congress are desir- 
ous, as well of gratifying the reasonable expectations of the of- 
ficers of the army, as of removing all objections which may exist 
in any part of the United States to the principle of the half-pay 
establishment, for which the faith of the United States hath 
been pledged; persuaded that these objections can only arise 
from the nature of the compensation, not from any indisposi- 
tion to compensate those whose services, sacrifices, and suffer- 
ings have so just a title to the approbation and rewards of 
their country. Therefore, 

Resolved, That such officers as are now in service, and shall 
continue therein to the end of the war, shall be entitled to re- 
ceive the amount of five years 1 full pay in money, or securities 
on interest at six per cent, per annum, as Congress shall find 
most convenient, instead of the half-pay promised for life by 



408 PROMISES AND CONTRACTS OF CONGRESS. 

tbe resolution of October 2.1, 1780 ; the said securities to be such 
as shall be given to other creditors of the United States : 
Provided, It be at the option of the lines of the respective 
States, and not of officers individually in those lines, to accept 
or refuse the same: Arid provided, also, That their election 
shall be signified to Congress through the Commander-in-Chief, 
from lines under his immediate command, within two months, 
and through the commanding officer of the Southern army 
from those under his command, within six months from the 
date of this resolution : That the same commutation shall ex- 
tend to the corps not belonging to the lines of any particular 
States, and who are eutitled to half-pay for life as aforesaid ; 
the acceptance or refusal to be determined by corps, and to b e 
signified in the same manner, and within the same time, as 
above mentioned : That all officers belonging to the hospital 
department, who are entitled to half-pay by the resolution of 
January 17, 1781, may collectively agree to accept or refuse the 
aforesaid commutation, signifying the same, through the Com- 
mander-in Chief, within six months from this time : That such 
officers as have retired at different periods, entitled to half-pay 
for life, may collectively, in each State of which they are in- 
habitants, accept or refuse the same ; their acceptance or re- 
fusal to be signified by agents authorized for that purpose, 
within six month from this period : That with respect to such 
retiring officers, the commutation, if accepted by them, shall be 
in lieu of whatever may be now due to them since the time of 
their retiring from service, as well as of what might hereafter 
become due ; and that, so soon as their acceptance shall be 
signified, the Superintendent of Finance be, and he is hereby 
directed to take measures for the settlement of their accounts 
accordingly, and to issue to them certificates bearing interest 
at six per cent.: That all officers entitled to half-pay for life, 
not included in the preceding resolution, may also collectively 
agree to accept or refuse the aforesaid commutation, signifying 
the same within six months from this time. 



PROMISES AND CONTRACTS OF CONGRESS. 4U» 

In Congress, May 16, 1783. 

Resolved, That the commutation ia lieu of half-pay, as well 

to chaplans as to the officers of the hospital departments and 

medical staff, shall be calculated by what they are respectively 

entitled to agreeably to the resolutions of the 17th Jan. and 8th 

May, 1781. 

In Congress, January 36, 1784, 

Resolved^ That half-pay cannot be allowed to any officer, or 
to any class or denomination of officers, to whom it has not 
heretofore been expressly promised. 

In Congress, February 11, 1784. 
Resolved, That Congress agree to the following Report : 
"That, by a resolve of November 24, 1778, it was provided 
that all deranged officers should be entitled to one year's pay ; 
and it was further provided, that officers who had been pris- 
oners with the enemy, and then were, or thereafter might be 
exchanged, should, if appointed by authority of the State, be 
entitled to return into the service in the same rank they would 
have had if they had not been captured, under certain restric- 
tions, and that they should receive half-pay till the time of 
their entering again into the service. Under this act, certain 
officers claim half-pay to the end of the war, and the commuta- 
tion for half -pay from that period during life • on which the 
committes observe, that the half-pay first mentioned was prom- 
ised as a temporary support to such officers as should be reap- 
pointed by their respective States, and to none besides ; and that 
all other Continental officers who have been prisoners with the 
enemy and deranged, are entitled to one year's pay, and noth- 
ing besides. That such was the intention of Congress is ex- 
plained by the subsequent acts of May 22, 1779,and May 26, 1781. 
There is no act under which those officers can claim the commu- 
tation for half-pay. It is provided by a resolve of June 28, 1782, 
that ' there shall be such additional pay and emoluments to the 
pay of Captains and subalterns serving as Aides de-Camp to 
Major and Brigadier Generals, and to Brigade majors, as shall 
make their pay and emoluments equal to the pay and emolu- 
emntsof a Major in the line of the army.' Under these resolutions 



410 PROMISES AND CONTRACTS OF CONGRESS. 

certain Aides and Brigade-majors,who are Captains or subalterns 
in the line, claim commutation equal to that of a Major in the line. 
This claim appears for sundry reasons to be ill-founded. The 
offices which these gentlemen held out of the line were tempor- 
ary, and the additional pay and emoluments were certainly 
promised to them while they continued to serve in those offices, 
and no longer. If they are supposed to found their claim to the 
commutation of a Major, under the head of additional emolu- 
ments, their claim must be ill-founded, for it is clear, from the 
terms of the resolution, that pay and emoluments do not signify 
the same thing, but the commutation is the substitute for pay 
alone, or half-pay, and not for rations, nor any other emolu- 
ment. On the whole, the Committee are of opinion that the 
Paymaster-general, in settling the accounts of the army, in all 
claims which may be brought for half-pay or commutation, 
should be determined by the Act of the 26th January, 1784." 
In Congress, June 3, 1784. 
Resolved, That an interest of six per cent, per annum be 
allowed to all creditors of the United States for supplies fur- 
nished or services done, from the time the payment becomes 

due. 

In Congress, March 8, 1785. 

Resolved, That the officers who retired under the resolve of 
December 31, 1781, are equally entitled to the half-pay or com- 
mutation with those officers who retired under the resolves of 
the 3d and 21st October, 1780. 

In Congress, August 11, 1790. 

And be it further enacted, That Caleb Brewster, lately a lieu- 
tenant, who was wounded and disabled in the service of the 
-United States, be allowed three hundred and forty-eight dollars 
and fifty-seven cents, the amount of his necessary expenses for 
sustenance and medical assistance, while dangerously ill of his 
wounds, including the interest to the 1st of July, 1790. And that 
the said Brewster be allowed a pension, equal to his half-pay as 
Lieutenant, from the 3d of November, 1 783, he first having re- 
turned his commutation of half-pay. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF PAY. 



411 



A List of Officers of the Continental Army of the Revolution, who 

WERE EITHER KILLED IN SERVICE, BECAME SUPERNUMERARY, OR SERVED 
TO THE END OF THE WAR, AND ACQUIRED THE RIGHT TO HALF-PAY, COM- 
MUTATION, AND BOUNTY LAND UNDER THE PRECEDING ACTS OF CON- 



Anderson, Thomas, Lieut., Conn. 
Avery, Simeon, do. do. 

Allen, Robert, do. do. 

Alden,Judah, Captain, Conn. Died 

Aug. 22, 1777. 
Aorson, Aaron, Captain, N. T. 
Adams, Jonas, Lieutenant, do. 
Anspack, Peter, do. do. 

Appleton, Abraham, do. N. J. 
Anderson, James, do. do. 
Anderson, William, do. do. 
Anderson, Joseph J., Captain, N. J. 
Anderson, Ephraim, Adjutant, do. 
Adams,William, Surgeon, Peim. 
Allison. Richard, Mate, do. 
Armstrong, John, Major, do. 
Alexander, William, do. do. 
Armstrong, James, do. do. 
Armstrong, John, Lieut. do. 
Ashton, Joseph, do. do. 
Allison, Robert, do. do. 
Anderson, Thomas, do. Delaware- 
Adams, William, do. Maryland. 
Anderson, Richard, Captain, do. 
Anderson, John, Captain,Virginia. 
Allen, David, Lieutenant, do. 
Archer Peter F., do. do. 

Archer, Richard, do. do. 

Ashby, Benjamin, do. do. 

Armstrong, Wm., Captain, N. Car. 
Armstrong, Thomas, do. do. 
Ashe, Samuel, do. do. 

Alexander, Wm., Lieut., do. 
Alexander, Nath'l.Surg. Mate, S.C 
Axon, Samuel J., do. do. 

Allison, Henry, Lieut., Georgia. 
Ashe, John B., Lieutenant-colonel 

North Carolina. 



Allen, Ethan, Colonel, N. H. 
Angell, Israel, do. R. I. 
Adams, Peter, Lieut. Col., Md. 
Anderson, Richard C, Lt. Col.,Va. 
Armstrong, James, Colonel, N. C. 
Armstrong, John, Lieut. Col., N. C. 
Allen, Ichabod, Col., Mass. Killed 

by the Indians at Cherry Valley, 

Nov. 11, 1778. 
Adams, Winburn, Lieut. Col., N. H. 

Died Sept. 19, 1777. 
Allen, David, Surgeon's Mate, N.H. 
Addrick, George, Captain, do. 
Adams, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Adams, Samuel, do. do. 

Ashley, Moses, Major, Mass. 

Allen, Noah, do. do. 

Allen, Nathaniel C, Captain, do. ) 
Abbott, Stephen. do. do. 

Ames, Jotham, Lieutenant, do. 
Andrews, William, do. do. 

Austin, John. do. do. 

Adams, Henry, Surgeon, do. 

Adams, Samuel, do. do. 

Adams, Levi, Ensign, do. 

Abbott, Josiah, do. do. 

Allen, Jacob, Captain, Mass. Died 

Sept. 19, 1777. 
Andre ws, J oseph, Lieutenant, 

Mass. Died Sept. 11, 1780. 
Arnold, Noyes, Lieutenant, Mass. 

Died Aug. 23, 1778. 
Andrews, Joseph, Lieutenant, 

Mass. Died Dec. 1, 1777. 
Arnold, Thomas, Captain, R. I. 
Allen, William, do. do. 

Allen, Timothy, do. Conn. 
Adams, David, Surgeon, do. 



412 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAT. 



Adams, Nathan, Captain, Dela- 
ware. Died March 27, 1776. 

Anderson, , Major, Maryland. 

Killed at Guilford Court-House, 
March 15, 1781. 

Armstrong, Mark, Capt., Mary- 
land. Killed at the siege of 
"Ninety-Six," June 18, 1781. 

Arundell Dohickey, Captain, Vir- 
ginia. Killed July 8, 1776. 

Avebing, Phillippe, Lieut. Dra- 
goons. Pennsylvania. 

Baron De Kalb, Maj. Gen. Killed 
at the battle of Camden, Aug. 
16, 1780. 

Bunner, Rudolph, Col., Penn. Kill- 
ed at Monmouth, June 28, 1778. 

Byles, Thomas L., Major, Penn- 
sylvania. Died Feb. 1, 1779. 

Bush, John, Lieut., South Carolina. 
Killed at the siege of Savannah, 
Oct. 9, 1779. 

Barron, John, Lieut., Mass. Killed 
at Concord, April 19, 1775. 

Beatty, Wm., Captain, Md. Killed 
at Hobkirk's Hill, April 24, 1781. 

Beall, Zachariah, Captain, N. 
Hampshire. Died Oct. 27, 1777. 

Bell, Frederick M., Captain, New- 
Hampshire. Died Oct. 8, 1777. 

Bryant, David, Captain,Massachu- 
setts. Died Sept. 11, 1777. 

Bond, William, Colonel, Massa- 
chusetts. Died Aug. 31, 1776. 

Bragdon, Josiah, Lieut., Massa- 
chusetts. Died April 30, 1778. 

Brown, Stephen, Capt., Connecti- 
cut. Died Nov. 16, 1777. 

Barber, David, Lieut., Connecti- 
cut. Died Dec. 25, 1777. 

Baker, Francis, Colonel, New 
Jersey. Died Jan. 6, 1783. 

Barron, William, Lieut., Virginia. 
Died March 26, 1778. 

Blair, John, Lieut., Va. Died Aug. 
18, 1780. 



Bunting, William B., Lieut., Vir- 
ginia. Died April 1, 1777. 
Bell, Wm. M., Capt., N. Hampshire. 
Bayley, Mountjoy, Capt., Md. 
Brownson. Gideon, Major, N. H. 
Blodget, Caleb, Lieutenant, do. 
Blanchard, James, do. d». 

Beach, Samuel, do. do. 

Blake, Thomas, do. do. 

Butterfleld, Jonas, do. do. 

Blackwell, Thomas, Captain, Va. 
Brooke, Edmund, Lieut., do. 

Boynton, Joseph, do. N. H. 

Bacon, Oliver, do. do. 

Barrett, Oliver, do. do. 

Barnett, James, do. Virginia. 
Bigelow, Timothy, Colonel, Mass. 
Baldwin, Jeduthan, do. do. 

Bailey, John, do. do. 

Bradford, Gamaliel, do. do. 

Bassett, Berachiah, do. do. 

Brooks, John, do. do. 

Baird, Absalom, Surgeon, Penn. 
Baylis Hodijah, Major, Mass. 
Ballard William H., do. do. 

Burnham, John, do. do. 

Bradford, Wm., Major, R. Island. 
Barton, William, Colonel, do. 
Buxton, James, Captain, Mass 
Bannister, Seth, do. do. 

Burbeck, Henry, do. do. 

Bowman, Phinehas, do. do. 
Blanchard, John, do. do. 

Benson, Joshua, do. do. 

Bailey, Adams, do. do. 

Bailey, Luther, do. do. 

Bradford, Robert, do. do. 
Burley, William, do. do. 

Bates, Joseph, do. do. 

Bogart, Nicholas N., Sur. Mate, R.I. 
Butler, Zebulon, Colonel, Conn. 
Bradley, Philip B., do. do. 

Ballard, Asa, Lieutenant, Mass, 
Bolcom, Joseph, do. do. 

Brown, Elenezer, do. do. 

Bancroft, James, do. do. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF PAY. 



413 



Brown, Ezekiel, Surgeon, Mass. 

Bartlett, Daniel, do. do. 

Ballentine, Eben, Sur. Mate, do. 

Brigham, Origen, do. do. 

Bills, Jabez, Lieutenant, do. 

Benjamin, Samuel, do. do. 

Bailey, Thomas, do. do. 

Bussey, Isaiah, do. do. 

Bufflngton, Samuel, do. do. 

Bliss, Joseph, do. do. 

Bowles, Kalph H., do. do. 

Barlow, Joel, Chaplain, do. 

Barnet, John, do. do. 

Blake, Edward, Lieutenant, do. 

Bowman, Samuel, do. do. 

Bradley, Levi, do. do. 

Brown, Zephaniah, Captain, R. I. 

Burlingame, Chandler, Lieut., do. 

Bugbee, Edward, do. do. 

Bushnell, David, Captain, Conn. 

Betts, Stephen, do. do. 

Bulkley, Edward, do. do. 

Buel, John H., do. do. 

Benton, Selah, do. do. 

Bernard, John, do. do. 

Bates, David, do. do. 

Baldwin, Caleb, do. do. 

Billings, Stephen, do. do. 

Baldwin, Abraham, Chapl'n, do. 

Brunson, Isaac, Surg. Mate, do. 

Beekman, Jerrick, Captain, N. Y. 

Bowman, Nathaniel, Major, N. J. 

Bull, Aaron, Lieutenant, Conn. 

Bennet, James, do. do. 

Beach, David, do. do. 

Bradley, Daniel, do. do. 

Benjamin, Aaron, do. do. 

Beers, Nathan, do. do. 

Belding, Simeon, do. do. 

Beaumont, Wm., do. do. 

Barnum, Eli, do. do. 

Ball, John, do. do. 

Brooks, David, Asst. Clothier-gen- 
eral, New York. 

Burrall, Jona., Dep. P. M., Gen., 
New York. 



Burr, Aaron, Lieut. Colonel, N. Y. 
Bruin, Jacobus, do. do. 

Baunian, Sebastian, Major, do. 
Bless, Theodore T., Captain, do. 
Bevier, Philip D., do. do. 
Blocker, Leonard, do. do. 
Bull, William, do. do. 

Browne, Joseph, Surgeon, Penn. 
Bard, John, Captain, Georgia. 
Barr, John, Ensign, New York. 
Bradford, James, Lieut., do. 
Burnett, Robert, do. do. 
Brewster, Caleb, do. do. 
Brewster, James, do. do. 
Bagley, Josiah, do. do. 

Bowen, Prentice, do. do. 
Barrett, James, do. do. 
Brindley, Francis, do. do. 
Belknap, William, do. do. 
Barber, William, Major, N.Jersey. 
Burrows, John, do. do. 
Bunnell, James, Captain, do. 
Barton, William, do. do. 
Ballard, Jeremiah,do. do. 
Burnett, Wm., Surgeon, do. 
Burnel, Wm., do. do. 

Blair, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Burrows, Eden, do. do. 

Bonham, Absalom, Lieut., do. 
Buck, Joseph, do. do. 

Bishop, John, Ensign, do. 
Brooks, Almarin, do. do. 

Brodhead, Daniel, Colonel, Penn. 
Butler, Richard, do. do. 
Butler, William, Lieut. Col., do. 
Bayard, Stephen, do. do. 
Beatty, Reading, Surgeon, do. 
Binney, Barnabas, do. do. 

Burk, Edmund, Captain, do. 
Bartholomew, Benj., do. do. 
Butler, Thomas, do. do. 
Bunner, Jacob, do. do. 

Bush, John, do. do. 

Boweu, Thomas B., do. do. 

Boude, Thomas, do. do. 

Bicker, Henry, do. do. 



414 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF PAY. 



Brady, Samuel, Captain, Penn. 

Bankson, John, do. do. 

Bowen, Jacob, do. do. 

Bush, George, do. do. 

Bryce, John, do. do. 

Boyer, Peter, do. do. 

Bond, Thomas, jr., Surgeon, do. 
Bennet, Caleb P., Lieut., Delaware. 
Bryson, Samuel, do. Penn. 

Butler, Edward, do. do. 

Beatty, Eukuries, do. do. 

Ball, Blackall W., do. do. 

Butler, Percival, do. do. 

Blauer, George, do. do. 

Bevins, Wilder, do. do. 

Barclay, John, do. do. 

Boyd, John, do. do. 

Benstead, Alex., do. do. 
Beall, William L., Major, Maryland 

Brown, William, do. do. 

Brooks, Benjamin, do. do. 

Belt, John Sprigg, Captain, do. 

Brice, Jacob, do. do. 

Brute, James, do. do. 

Benson, Perry, do. do. 

Beall, Lloyd, do. do. 

Boyer, Michael, do. do. 

Baltzell, Charles, do. do. 

Bruce, William, do. do. 

Bonham, Malachi, Lieut. do. 

Burgess, Bazel, do. do. 

Britton, Joseph, do. do. 

Burgess, Joshua, do. do. 

Beal, Samuel, do. do. 

Boyd, Thomas. do. do. 

Baques, James, do. do. 

Beatty, Thomas, do. do. 

Baldwin, Henry, do. do. 

Baker, Henry, do. do. 

Brevitt, John, do. do. 

Baylor, George, Colonel, Virginia. 

Buford, Abraham, do. do. 

Ball, Burgess, Lieut. Col., . do. 

Bruin, Peter B., Major, do. 

Belneld, John, do. do. 

Bedinger, Henry, Captain, do. 



Biggs, Benjamin, Capt. Virginia. 

Breckenridge, Alex., do. do. 

Butler, Lawrence, do. do. 

Beale, Robert, do. do. 

Boyer, Michael, do. do. 

Breckenridge, Robt. do. do. 

Blackwell, Joseph, do. do. 

Bell, Thomas, do. do. 

Barrett, William, do. Virginia. 

Burwell, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Bowne, Thomas, do. do. 

Barbee, Tnomas, do. do. 

Booker, Samuel, do. do. 

Blackwell, John, do. do. 

Bentley, William, do. do. 

Buckner, Thomas, do. do. 

Bowyer, Thomas, do. do. 
Baldwin.Cornelius, Surgeon, do. 

Belmain, Alex., Chaplain, do. 
Bradford, Samuel K., Lieut., do. 

Baskervilie, Samuel, do. do. 

Ball, Daniel, do. do. 

Bohannon, Ambrose, Lieut, and 

Paymaster, Virginia. 
Beck, John, Lieutenant, Virginia. 

Bowyer, Henry, do. do. 

Bell, Henry, do. do. 

Bradford, Charles, do. do. 

Brown, Jacob R., do. do. 

Bowen, John, do, do. 

Brooke, Francis T.,do. do. 

Brooke, John, do. do. 

Booker, Lewis, do. do. 

Bedinger, Daniel, do. do. 

Baylis, Henry, Ensign, do. 

Blyth, Joseph, Surgeon, N. C. 

Boyd, Adam, Chaplain, do. 

Blount, Reading, Major, do. 
Brevard, Alex., Captain, , do. 

Ballard, Kedar, do. do. 

Bacott, Peter, do. do. 

Budd, Samuel, do. do. 

Bradley, Gee, do. do. 

Baily, Benjamin, do. do. 

Bell, Robert, Lieutenant, do. 

Brevard, Joseph, do. do. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF PAY. 



415 



Bush, William, Lieut., N. Carolina. 
Brownson, Nath., Purveyor, S. Car. 
Brownfleld, Root. Sur. Mate, do. 
Beekman, Bernard, Colonel, do. 
Baker, Richard, Captain, do. 
Buchanan, John, do. do. 

Baker, Jesse, do. do. 

Beekman, Sam. Lieutenant, do. 
Bradwell, Nathaniel, do. do. 
Budd, John S., do. do. 

Brown, Charles, do. do. 

Booker, Gideon, Captain, Georgia. 
Brossard, Celeron, do. do. 

Cuthbert, Alex., Captain, Georgia. 

Cook, Parris, do. do. 

Collins, Corn., Lieutenant, • do. 

Cowan, Edward, do. do. 

Carne, John, Apothecary, S. Car. 

Cooper, Leonard, Captain, do. 

Clarke, Thomas, Colonel, N. Car. 

Carter, Benjamin, Captain, do. 

Child, Francis, do. do. 

Coleman, Benjamin, do. do. 

Craddock, John, do. do. 

Callender, Thomas, do. do. 

Clark, Thomas, Lieutenant, do. 

Croucher, Anthony, do. do. 

Clendennln, John, do. do. 

Campbell, John, do. do. 

Campen, James, do. do. 

Caldwell, James, Chaplain, New 
Jersey. Shot by a sentinel at Eliz- 

' abethtown Point, Nov. 24, 1781. 

Colburn, Andrew, Lieut. Col., New 
Hampshire. Killed at the battle 
of Stillwater, Sept. 19, 1777. 

Cranston, Abner, Major, Massa- 
chusetts. Killed May 29, 1777. 

Carpenter, Benajah, Captain, 
Rhode Island. Killed at the bat- 
tle of Long Island, Aug. 27, 1776. 

Coon, James, Lieut., Connecticut. 
Killed Sept. 6, 1780. 

Campbell, Richard, Col.,Va. Killed 
at Eutaw Springs, Sept. 8, 1781. 



Chronicle, William, Major. Killed 
at the battle of King's Mountain , 
Oct. 7,1780. 

Calderwood, James, Capt., Vir- 
ginia. Killed Sept. 11, 1777. 

Carson, John, Lieutenant, Mary- 
land. Killed Sept. 12, 1781. 

Casey, Benjamin, Captain, Vir 
ginia. Killed Sept. 1, 1777. 

Cooper, Apollis, Lieutenant, Vir- 
ginia. Killed Sept. 11, 1777. 

Conway, James, Lieut,, Va. Killed 
Dec. 28, 1776. 

Caruthers, John, Lieut., Pa. Killed 
Oct. 4, 1777. 

Carmichael, Alexander, Lieut., Pa. 
Killed Sept. 11, 1777. 

Campbell, John, Capt., Va. Killed 
at Moore's Creek, Feb. 26, 1776. 

Cabell, Samuel J., Lt. Col.,Virginia 

Carrington, Edward, do. do. 

Clark, Jonathan, do. do. 

Croghan, William, Major, do. 

Call, Richard, do. do. 

Cowherd, Francis, Captain, do. 

Carter, John C, do. do. 

Carrington, Maze, do. do. 

Cocke, Colin, do. do. 

Curry, James, do. do. 

Coleman, Whitehead, do. do. 

Carnes, Patrick, Captain, Virginia. 

Craike, James, Physician, do. 

Clements, Mace, Surgeon, do. 

Chrystie, Thomas, do. do. 

Claiborne, Richard, Lieut., do. 

Carrington, George, do. do. 

Clay, Matthew, do. ■ do. 

Crute, John, do. do. 

Cannon, Luke, do. do. 

Coleman, Jacob, do. do. 

Clark, Edmund, do. do. 

Coleman, Samuel, do. do. 

Crawford, John, do. do. 

Coverly, Thomas, do. do. 

Clayton, Philip, do. do. 

Crittenden, John, do. do. 



416 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Campbell, Archibald, Lieut., Va. 

Conway, Joseph, do. do. 

Craddock, Robert, do. do. 

Chiderson, Richard, Captain, Md. 

Carlisle, John, do. do. 

Clagett, Horatio, do. do. 

Coates, John, do. do. 

Campbell, William, do. do. 

Cheever, John, Lieutenant, do. 

Clements, Henry, do. do. 

Cross, Joseph, do. do. 

Chapman, Henry H., do. do. 

Compton, Edmund, do. do. 

Carey, John D., do. do. 

Crawford, Jacob, do. do. 

Cox. Daniel P.. Captain, Delaware. 

Cutting, John B.,Apothecary, do. 

Campbell, James, Lieutenant, do. 

Conway, John, Lieut. Col., N.J. 

Cumming, John N., do. do. 

Cape, John, Lieutenant, do. 

Cox, Richard, Major, do. 

Campfleld, Jabez, Surgeon, do. 

Corn, Samuel, Lieutenant, do. 

Chambers, James, Colonel. Penn. 

Craig, Thomas, do. do. 

Craig, Isaac, Major, do. 

Church, Thomas, do. do. 

Craig, John, Captain, do. 

Craig, Samuel, do. do. 

Carnahan, James, do. do. 
Christie, James, do. do. 

Campbell, Thomas, do. do. 
Claypoole. Abra'm G., do. do. 
Coltman, Robert, do. do. 

Cobea, John, do. do. 

Carberry, Henry, do. do. 

Christie, John, do. do. 

Clark, John, do. do. 

Crosley, Jesse, Lieutenant, do. 
Cramer, Jacob, do. do. 

Collier, Joseph, do. do. 

Crawford, Edward, do. do. 

Campbeil, James, do. do. 

Crawford, John, do. do. 

Clockner, Christian, do. do. 



Coventry, John, Hos. Mate, Penn. 

Cowel, John, do. do. 

Cochran, John, Director Gen.,N. Y. 

Clinton, James, Brig. Gen., do. 

Cortlandt, Philip, Colonel, do, 

Cochran, Robert, Lieut. Col., do. 

Clarkson, Matthew, Major, do. 

Cod wise, Christopher, Lieut., do. 

Clinton, Alexander, do. do. 

Colbreath, Wm., Lt. & Qr. Mr. do. 

Crimshier,John D.,Lt.& Pay'r, do. 

Crosby, Ebenezer, Surgeon of 
Guards, New York. 

Cunningham, Henry, Lieut., N. Y. 

Conine, Philip, do. do. 

Connolly, Michael, do. do. 

Cady, Balmer, do. do. 

Cragie, Andrew, Apothecary, do. 

Cook, Samuel, Surgeon, do. 

Campbell, George, do. do. 

Carpenter, Nehemiah, Lieut., do. 

Chapman, Albert, Major, Conn. 
Clift, Wills, do. do. 

Chamberlain, Ephrairu, Capt., do. 
Comstock, Samuel, do. do. 

Clift, Samuel, do. do. 

Chapman, Elijah, do. do. 

Chipman, John, do. do. 

Converse, Thomas, • do. do. 
Coleman, Noah, Surgeon, do. 
Crosby, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Campbell, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Cunningham, Henry, do. do. 
Colfax, William, do. do. 

Chapman, Joseph, do. do. 
Curtis, Giles, do. do. 

Colton, George, Ensign. do. 
Clark, Joseph, do. do. 

Cole, Abner, do. do. 

Cleveland, John, do. do. 

Crane, John, Colonel, Mass. 

Cobb, David, Lieut. Col., do. 
Carr, Samuel, Major. do. 

Cogswell, Thomas, do. do. 

Cogswell, Amos, Captain, do. 
Cook, David, do. do. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



417 



Coburn, Asa, Captain, Mass. 

Clark, Silas, do. do. 

Cooper, Ezekiel, do. do. 

Clapp, Caleb, do. do. 

Clayes, Peter, do. do. 

Chambers,Matthew, do. do. 

Cushing, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Crane, John, Surgeon, do. 

Cheever, Abijah, do. do. 
Coggswell, Wm. Surg'n's Mate, do. 

Carleton, Moses, Lieutenant, do. 

Carleton, Osgood, do. do. 

Castaing, Peter, do. do. 

Cogswell, Samuel, do. . do. 

Condy, Thomas, H., do. do. 

Crane, John, do. do. 

Cole, Thomas, do. do. 

Clapp, Joshua, do. do. 

Carey, Jonathan, do. do. 

Callender, John, do. do. 

Cooper, Samuel, do. do. 

Crawley, Florence, do. do. 

Cushing, Thomas, do. do. 

Crook, Joseph, do. do. 

Chapin, Samuel, do. do. 

Cilley, Joseph,Colonel, New Harnp. 
Carr, James, Major, do. 

Cherry, Samuel, Captain, do. 
Cass, Jonathan, do. do. 
Cilley, Jonathan, Lieut, do. 
Clapp, Daniel, do. do. 

Church, Reuben, Ensign, do. 

Davidson, John, Major, Maryland. 
Dorsey, Richard, Captain, do. 
Dyson, Thomas A., Lieut., do. 
Davis, Resin, Captain, do. 

Denny, Robert, Lieutenant, do. 
Denwood, Levin, Surgeon, do. 
Dearborn, Henry, Colonel, N. H. 
Dunston, Moses, Captain, do. 
Denuitt, John, do. do. 

Dustin, Moody, do. do. 

Dunning, Michael, do. do. 

Duponceau, Peter S., Captain. 

Steuben's Staff. 
Davidson, William, General, N. 

Car. Killed at Cowan's Ford, 

February 1, 1781. 
Dimon, David, Lieut. Colonel, 

Conn. Killed Sept. 17, 1777. 
Douglas, William, Colonel, Conn. 

Killed May 27, 1777. 



Davis,-Isaac, Captain, Mass. Killed 

April 19, 1775. 
Dickinson, Edmund B., Major,'Va. 
Killed at the battle of Mon- 
mouth, June 28, 1778. 
Dye, Jonathan, Lieutenant, Vir- 
ginia. Killed Sept. II, 1777. 
Drake, Thomas, Lieutenant, Vir- 
ginia. Killed Jan. 21, 1777. 
Dunn, Peter, Captain, Va. Killed 

Sept. 26, 1777. 
Donovan, Richard, Adjutant, Md. 

Killed at Camden, Aug 16, 1780. 
Dobson, Henry, Capt., Maryland, 

Killed Sept., 8, 1781. 
Duvall, Edward, Lieut., Md. Killed 
at Camden. Aug. 16, 1780. 

De Hart, Jacob, Aid-de-Camp, 
Penn. Killed July 21, 1780. 

Davis, Joseph, Captain, Penn. 
Killed April 23, 1779. 

Durkee, John, Colonel, Conn. Died 
at "Bean Hill," March 1, 1782. 

Davenport, Hezekiah, Lieut.,Conn. 
Killed April 27, 1777. 

Dunham, Silas, Lieutenant, Conn. 
Killed Dec. 7, 1777. 

Dill, James, Lieut., Penn. Killed 
Sept. 11, 1777. 

Darby, Samuel, Major, Mass. 

Drew, Seth, do. do. 

Dix, Nathan, Captain, Mass. 

Daniels, Japhet, do. do. 

Day, Luke, do. do. 

Day, Elijah, Lieutenant, do. 

Dean, Walter, do. do. 

Davis, John, do. do. 

Danforth, Joshua, do. do. 

Dodge, Levi, do. do. 

Dana, Benj., do. do. 

Duffleld, John, Surgeon, do. 

Davis, James, Lieutenant, do. 

Davis, Ebeuezer, do. do. 

Dexter, John S., Major, R. Island. • 

Dexter, Daniel S., Captain, do. 

Durkee, John, do. Conn. 

Dagget, Henry, do. do. 

Douglass, Richard, do. do. 

Durrance, David, do. do. 

Dole, James, Lieutenant, do. 

De Forrest, Samuel, do. do. 

Denslow, Martin, do. do. 

Dimmick, lienj., do. do. 



418 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Doming, Pownal, Lieut., Conn. 
Draper, George, Surgeon, N. Y. 
Davidson, Jas., Commissary i do. 
Davis, John, Major, do. 

Dunscomb, Edw'd, Captain, do. 
De Witt, Sim., Geographer, do. 
Doughty, John, Captain, do. 

Doughty, Major, do. 

Dodge, Henry, Lieutenant, do. 
Dodge, Samuel, do. do. 

Denniston, Daniel, do. do. 

Demler, Henry, do. do. 

Denniston, Geo. I., do. do. 

Dubois, Henry, Captain, do. 
D'Aurier, Charles, do. do. 

De Rousse, Pierre Regnier, Lieut. 
Colonel, New York. 

Dayton, Elias, Brig. Gen., N. J. 

Dayton, Jonathan, Captain, do. 

De Hart, Cynes, do. do. 

Darby, Ephraim, Lieut., do. 

Donnell, Nathaniel, Capt., Penn. 

Dunn, Isaac B., do. do. 

Davis, John, do. do. 

Doyle, John, do. do. 

Douglas, Thomas, do. do. 

Duncan, James, do. do. 

Davidson, James, Surgeon, do. 

Darcy, John, Surg. Mate, do. 

Detrick, Michael, do. do. 

Doty, Samuel, Lieutenant, do. 



De Marcellin, Anth., do. 



do. 

do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
Del. 



Davis, Llewellyn, do. 
Doxon, Sankee, do. 

Dover, Andrew, do. 

Dunn, Abner M., do. 
Driskill, Joseph, do. 
Davis, William, Colonel, Virginia. 
Dabney, Charles, Lt. Col., do. 
Drake, William, do. do. 

Dandridge, John, Captain, do. 
Dandridge, Robert, do. do. 
Dandridge, Alex., Lieut., do. 
Davenport, Opie, Captain, do. 
Delaplane, James, do. do. 

Dix, Thomas, do. do. 



Dickerson, Edmund, Captain, Va. 
Dick, Alexander, Lieut., do. 

Dobson, Robert, do. do. 

Elbert, Samuel, Colonel, Georgia. 
Egbert, Jacob V., Surg. Mate, do. 
Elliott, Bernard, Captain, S. C. 
Evans, George, Lieut., do. 

Evans, Thomas, Capt., N. Carolina. 
Eggleston, Jos., Major, Virginia. 

Eaton, , Major, Georgia. Killed 

at Augusta, Ga., May 21, 1781. 
Ellis, Paul, Captain, Mass. Killed 

at Monmouth, June 28, 1778. 
Eno, Martin, Ensign, Conn. Kill- 
ed Oct. 11, 1780. 
Eppes, Francis, Lieut. Colonel, Va. 
Killed at the battle of Long Is- 
land, Aug. 27, 1776. 
Eddins, Samuel, Captain, Va. 

Edwards, Le Roy, do. do. 

Edmunds, Thomas, do. do. 

Eppes, William, Lieutenant, do. 
Eskridge, William, do. do. 

Eastin, Philip, do. do. 

Erskine, Charles, do. do. 

Evans, William, do. do. 

Eustace, John, do. do. 

Eccleston, John, Major, Maryland. 
Edgerly, Edward, Captain, do. 
Ewing, James, do. do. *" 

Evans, Elijah, do. do. 

Elbert, John L., Surgeon, Md. 

Edmiston, Samuel, Lieut., do. 

Edwards, Evan, Major, Penn. 

Barnes, Worley, Captain, do. 

Everly, Michael, Lieut., do. 

Erwin, James, do. do. 

Elmer, Moses G., Sur. Mate, N.J. 

Elmer, Ebenezer, Surgeon, do. 

Edgar, David, Captain, do. 

Elliott, John, Surg. Mate, N. York. 

English, Samuel, Lieut., do. 

Ellsworth, Peter, do. do. 

Ellis, John, Chaplain, Connecticut. 

Ells, Edward, Captain, do. 



officers"entitled to half-pay. 



Ennis, Wm , Captain, R. Island. 

Eustis, William, Surgeon, Mass. 
Emerson, Neheraiah, Capt., do. 

Englis, Andrew, do. do. 
Eaton, Benjamin, Lieut., do. 

Eggleston, Azariah, do. do. 

Everett, Pelatiah, do. do. 

Essenden, William, do. do. 

Edwards, Thomas, do. do. 

Eldridge, Samuel, do. do. 

Emery, Ephraim, do. do. 

Evans, Israel, Chapl'n, N. H. 

Ellis, Benjamin, Captain, do. 

Fish, Nicholas, Major and Inspect- 
or, New York. 

Fairlie, James, Lieut, and Aid-de- 
Camp, New York. 

Flemming, George, Captain, N. Y. 

Fowler, Theodocius, do. do. 

Fink, Andrew, do. do 

French, Abner, do. do. 

Frelick, Joseph, Lieutenant, do. 

Furman, John, do. do. 

Fondy, Duoy, Ensign, do.' 

Fondy, John, do. do. 

Farwell, Isaac, Captain, N. H. 

Fogg, Jeremiah, do. do. ' 

Frye, Isaac, do. do' 

Frost, George P., do. do' 

Fernald, Tobias, Colonel, Mass. 

Fisk, Joseph, Surgeon, do. 

Finley, Samuel, Surgeon, Mass. 

Finley, James E. B., do. do. 

Felt, Jonathan, Captain, do. 

Francis, Thomas, do. do. 

Frost, Samuel, do. do. 

Fox, Joseph, do. do. 

Fuller, John, do. do. 

Fowles, John, do. do. 

Fenno, Ephr., Lt. & Qr. Mr., do. 

Frye, Nathaniel, Lieutenant, do. 

Freeman, Thos. D., do. do. 

Freeman, Const. V., do. do] 

Foster, Thomas, do. do' 

French, Elijah, Ensign, do.' 

Frink, Samuel, do. do. 

Floyd, Ebenezer, do. do.' 

Frye, Frederick, [do. ; do'. 

Foster, Elisha,r do. do.'' 

Fitch, Andrew, Captain, Conn. 



419 

Fanning, Charles, Lieut., Conn. 
Farmer, Thomas, do. do. 

Frothingham, Eben., Lieut., do. 
Forman, Jonathan, Lt. Col., N. J. 
Faulkner, Peter, Ensign, do. 

Fishbourne, Benjamin, Aid-de- 

Camp and Captain, Penn. 
Franks, David S., Aid -de-Camp 

and Major, Penn. 
Fontleroy, Moore, Major, Penn. 
Finney, Walter, Captain, do. 
Finley, John, do. do. 

Finley, Joseph L., do. do. 

Freeman, Jeremiah, Captain, do. 
Ferguson, William, do. do. 

Fullerton, Richard, Lieut., do. 
Fick, David, do. do. 

Forrest, Uriah, Lt. Col., Maryland. 
Furnival, Alex., Captain, do. 
Finley, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Fickle, Benjamin, Lieut., do. 
Ford, Hezekiah, do. do. 
Febiger, Christian, Colonel, Va. 
Finnie, William, do. do. 

Flemming, Thomas, do. do. 
Flemming, Charles, Lt. Col. do: 
Finley, Samuel, Major, do. 

Fitzhugh, Perrigrine, Capt., Va. 
Fitzgerald, John, do. do. 

Field, Reuben, do. do. 

Fox, Thomas, do. do. 

Fitzhugh, William, Cornet, do. 
Fenn, Thomas, Lieutenant, do. 
Foster, John H., Ensign, do. 

Fawn, William, Captain, N. C. 
Fenner, Robert, do. do. 

Fergus, James, Surgeon, do. 
Fenner, Richard, Lieut., do. 
Ford, John, do. do. 

Finney, Thomas, do. do. 

Flagg, Henry C, Apothecary, S. C. 
Faysoux, Peter, Surgeon, do. 

Farrar, Field, do. do. 

Frierson, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Field, James, do. do. 

Ford, Tobias, Ensign, do. 

Frazer, John, Lieutenant, Georgia 
Fitzpatrick, Pat., do. do. 

Flagg, Ebenezer, Major, R. I. 

Killed by the Tories under Col. 

Delancy, in Westchester county, 

N. Y., May 13, 1781. 



420 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Fleming, , Captain. Killed at 

the battle of Princeton, Jan. 3, 
1777. 

Forbes, John, Captain, S. C. Killed 
at the battle of Guilford, Mar. 
15, 1781. 

Ford, Benjamin, Lieut. Col., Md. 
Killed at the battle of Hobkirk's 
Hill, April 25, 1781. 

Francis, Ebenezer, Colonel, Mass. 
Killed at the^battle of Hubbard- 
town, July 7, 1777. 

Faey, Joseph, Ensign, N. Hamp- 
shire. Killed Sept. 19, 1777. 

Foster, Ebenezer, Ensign, Massa- 
chusetts. Killed at Bemis's 
Heights, Oct. 19, 1777. 

Fellows, David, Ensign, Connecti- 
cut. Killed Dec. 10, 1779. 

Greene, Christopher, Lt. Col., B. I. 

Killed in Westchester Co., N. Y., 

by Col. Delancy's Tories, May 13, 

1781. 
Goodwin, Nathaniel, Captain, 

Conn. Killed May 1, 1777. 
Grimes, William, Captain, Virginia 

Killed Aug. 1, 1777. 
Gould, David, Surgeon, Va. Died 

July 12, 1781. 
Gardiner, Thomas, Colonel. Killed 

at the battle of Bunker Hill, 

June 17, 1775. 
Goodrich, Ezekiel, Lieutenant, 

Mass. Killed Oct. 7, 1777. 
Gray, Hugh, Lieut., Mass. Killed 

Aug. 3. 1777. 
Glenny, William, Lieut., New 

York. Killed Oct. 30, 1781. 
Greene, Ebenezer, Captain, N. H. 
Gillman, Nicholas, do. do. 
Gookin, Daniel, Lieut., do. 

Greaton, John, Brig. Gen., Mass. 
Glover, John, do. do. 

Goodwin, Francis, L. B., Surgeon's 

Mate, Mass. 
Graham, Isaac G., Surgeon's Mate, 

Mass. 
Gibbs, Caleb, Major. Mass. 
Goodale, Nathan, Captain, do. 
Green, Francis, do. do. 

Greenleaf, William, Lieut., do. 
Garret, Andrew, do. do. 



Green, John, Lieut., Mass. 

Gardner, James, do. do. 
Gordon, William, do. do. 
Givens, Robert, do. do. 

Gilbert, Benjamin, do. do. 
George, John, do. do. 

Gridley, John, do. do. 

Graves, Asa, Ensign, do. 

Greaton, John W., do. do. 

Greaton, Rich. H., do. 
Greene, Nathaniel, Maj. Gen.,R. I. 
Greenman. Jeremiah, Lieut., do. 
Green, Morley J., do. do. 

Grosvenor, Thos., Lt. Col., Conn. 
Gray, Ebenezer, • do. do. 
Gibbs, Samuel, Lieut. do. 
Griswold, Andrew, do. do. 

Glenny, William, do. do. 

Gorham, Nehemiah,do. do. 

Grover, Phineas, do. do. 

Goodell, Silas, do. do. 

Gore, Obadiah, do. do. 

Gregory, Matthew, do. do. 

Grant, Benoni, do. do. 

Goodrich, Ozias, Ensign, do. 
Gansevort, Peter, Colonel, N.York. 
Giles, Aquilla. Lieut. Col. and Aid- 

de-Camp, New York. 
Graham, John, Major, N. York. 
Gano, John, Chaplain, do, 

Gano, David, Captain, do. 
Gray, Silas, do. do. 

Goodwin, Henry, do. do. 

Graham, Charles, do. do. 

Gregg, James, do. do. 

Giles, James, Lieutenant, do. 
Graham, Steph., Hospital Mate, 

New York. 
Guion, Isaac, Capt. Lieut., N. Y. 
Gildersleeve, Finch, Lieut., do. 
Grier, James, Lieut. Col., Penn. 
Gill, Erasmus, Captain, do. 
Gray, William, do. do. 

GOsmer, Peter, do. do. 

Guthrey, George, Lieut,, do. 
Gries, Henry, do. do. 

Gamble, James, do. do. 

Griffith, Levi, do. do. 

Glentworth, James,do. do. 

Gilchrist, James, do. do. 

Gilder, Reuben, Surgeon, Del. 
Gist, Mordecai, Brig. Gen., Md. 
Gunby, John, Colonel, do. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



421 



Gibson, Jonathan, Captain, Md. 
Gassaway, John, do. do. 
Gaither, Henry, do. do. 

Gist, John, do. do. 

Gale, John, do. do. 

Gray, James W., do. do. 
Gerry, Robert, Lieut. do. 
Gassaway, Nicholas, do. do. 
Gassaway, Henry, do. do. 
Goldsboro 1 , Wm., do. do. 
Grometh, Jacob, do. do. 
Gates, Horatio, Maj.Gen.,Virginia 
•Gist, Nathaniel, Colonel, do. 
Gibson, John, do. do. 

Green, John, do. do. 

Gaskins, Thomas, do. do. 

Grayson, William, do. do. 

Gilchrist, George, Major. do. 
Gunn, James, Captain, do. 
Gamble, Robert. do. do. 

Gillison, John, do. do. 

Gaines, Wm., Fleming, Lieut., Va. 
Green, Gabriel, do. do. 

Glascock, Thomas, do. do. 

Gray, William, do. do. 

Green, Robert, do. do. 

Gray, Francis, do. do. 

Gordon, Ambrose, do. do. 

Garnett, Benjamin, do. do. 

Gibson, John, Ensign, do. 

Gibbs, Churchill, Lieut., do. 

Green, James W., Surgeon, N. Car. 
Gerard, Francis, Lieutenant, do. 
Graves, Francis, do. do. 

Grimke, John F„ Lieut. Col., S. Car. 
Gadsden, Thomas, Captain, do. 
Goodwin, Uriah, do. do. 

Goodwin, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Grayson, John, do. do. 

Houston, Ja:nes,Surfreon, Georgia. 
Habersham, John, Major, do. 
Handley, George, Captain, do. 
Hicks, Isaac, do. do. 

Hillary. Christopher, Lieut., do. 
Hayes, Arthur, do. do. 

Hugar, Isaac, Brigader-gen'l, S. C. 
Henderson, Wm., Lieut. Col., do. 
Harleston, Isaac, Major, do. 
Hyrne, Edmund M., do. do. 

Hart, Oliver, Surgeon's Mate, do. 
Hixt, William, Captain, do. 



Hart, John, Lieutenant, S. C. 
Hamilton, John, do. do. 

Hazzard, William, do. do. 

Howe, Robert, Maj. Gen., N.Car. 
Harney, Shelby, Colonel, do. 
Hogg, Thomas, Major, do. 
Hadley, Joshua, Captain, do. 
Hall, Clement, do. do. 

Holling, Solomon, Surgeon,do. 
Hill, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Hays, Robert, do. do. 

Holmes, Hardy, do. do. 

Hargrave, Wm.,do. do. 

Harrison, Chas., Colonel, Virginia. 
Heth, William, do. do. 

Hawes, Samuel, do. do. 

Hopkins, Samuel Lieut. Col., do. 
Holmer, Christian, Major, do. 
Hopkins, David, do. do. 
Hill, Thomas, do. do. 

Hayes, John, do. do. 

Hogg, Samuel, Captain, do. 
Holt, Thomas, do. do. 

Heth, Henry, do. do. 

Hughes, John, do. do. 

Hite, Abraham, do. do. 

Hord, Thomas, do. do. 

Holmes, David, Surgeon, do. 
Hughes, Jasper, Cornet, do. 
Heth, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Holt, James, do. do. 

Harris, John, do. do. 

Hamilton. James, do. do. 
Hunt, John, do. do. 

Hackley, John, do. do. 

Hite, George, do. do. 

Harrison, Lawrence, do. do. 
Harrison, John, do. do. 

Higgins, Peter, do. do. 

Hall, Josiah Carvel, Colonel, Md. 
Howard, John Eager, do. do. 
Hardman, Henry, Major, do. 
Hanie, Ezekiel, Surgeon, do. 
Hoops, Adam, Captain, do. 

Hugo, Thomas P.., do. do. 

Hamilton, George, do. do. 
Hamilton, John A., do. do. 
Handy, George, do. do. 

Hanson, Isaac, Lieutenant, do. 
Hanson, Samuel, Lieutenant, Md. 
Hanson, William, do. do. 

Hill, Philip, do. do. 



422 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Harris, Arthur, Lieutenant, Md. 
Hamilton, John, do. do. 

Hawkins, Henry, do. do. 

Hartshorn, John, do. do. 

Halkerstone, Robert, do. do. 

Hamilton, Edward, do. do. 

Hall, David, Colonel, Delaware. 
Hosman, Joseph, Lieutenant, do. 
J( Hyatt, John V., do. do. 

Hand, Edward, Brig. Gen., Penn. 
Hampton, Richard, Colonel, do. 
Hay, Samuel, Lieut. Colonel, do. 
Harmar, Josiah, do. do. 

Hubley, Adam, do. do. 

Hamilton, James, Major, do. 
Humphrey, Jacob, Captain, do. 
Hubley, Bernard, do. do. 
Heard, John, do. do. 

Hopkins, David, do. do, 

Henderson, William, do. do. 
Harris, Robt., Surgeon's Mate.do. 
Henderson, Gustavus, do. do. 
Hughes, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Hicks, Jacob, do. do. 

Hallet, Jonah, do. do. 

Honeymoon, Wm., do. do. 

Humphreys, John, do. do. 

Howell, Ezekial, do. do. 

Huston, William, do. do. 

Henderson, Andrew, do. do. 

Herbert, Stewart, do. do. 

Harper, John, do. do. 

Hammond, David, do. do. 

» Henley, Henry, do. do. 

Hunter, Andrew, Chaplain, N. J. 
Harris, Jacob, Surgeon, do. 
Holmes, John, Captain, do. 
Holmes, Jonathan, do. do. 
Holmes, William, do. do. 
Howell, John, do. do. 

Heard, James, do. do. 

Hendry, Samuel, do. do. 
Halsey, Luther, Lieut., do. 

Heyre, Jacob, Ensign, New Jersey. 
Hopper, John, do. do. 

Hamilton, Alex., Lieut. Col., N. Y. 
Hay, Udny, do. do. 

Hay, Samuel, do. do. 

Hubbell, Isaac, Captain, Lieuten- 
ant and Pavmaster, New York. 
Hanson, Dirck, Captain, N. Y. 
Hughes, James Miles, do. do. 



Hallett, Jonathan, Captain, N. Y» 

Hamtramck, John F., do. do. 

Hicks, Benjamin, do. do. 

Hardy, Joseph, do. do. 

Hutton, Christopher, Lieut., do. 

Harvey, Elisha, do. do. 

Hardenburg, Abraham,do. do. 

Hardenburg, John L., do. do. 
y Hyatt, Abraham, do. do. 

'. Hunt, Thomas, do. do. 

Hanmer, Francis, do. do. 

Hammond, Abijah, do. do. 

Henry, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Herring, Benjamin, Ensign, do. 

Huntington, Jedediah, Brig. Gen.,. 
Connecticut. 

Huntington, Ebenezer, Lieut. Col., 
Conn. 

Humphreys, David, Lt. Col., Conn. 

Holdridge, Hezekiah, do. do. 

Haite, Joseph, do. do. 

Haite, Samuel, Captain, do. 

Hogeland, Jeronimus, do. do. 

Hill, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Hall, Stephen, do. do. 

Hinckley, Ichabod, do. do. 

Humphrey, Elijah, do. do. 

Hodge, Asel, do. do. 

Hopkins, Elisha, do. do. 

Heart, Jonathan, do. do. 

Howley, Gideon, Lieutenant, do. 

Hobart, John, do.' do. 

Haite, Samuel, do. do. 

Holt, Silas, do. do. 

Hubbard, Hezekiah, do. do. 

Hosmer, Timothy, Surgeon, do. 

Hosmer, Prentice, Lieut., do. 

Hall, Talmadge, Paymaster, do. 

Heath, Peleg, Lieutenant, Conn 

Higgins, William, do. do. 

Hail, Philemon, do. do. 

Hubble, Solomon, do. do. 

Henshaw, William, do. do. 

Hyde, James, do. do. 

Harman, James, Ensign, do. 

Heart, John, do. do. 

Holden, John, Captain, R. Island. 

Hughes, Thomas, do. do. 

Humphrey, William, do. 

Hubbart, John, Lieut., do. 

Hunter, Robert, Ensign, do. 

Heath, William, Maj. Gen., Mass. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAT. 



423 



Hull, William, Lieut. Col., Mass. 

Holbrook, David, Captain, do. 

Hollister, Jesse, do. do. 

Hastings, John, do. do. 

Holden, Aaron, do. do. 

Hondin, Michael G., do. do. 

Hunt, Thomas, do. do. 

Henley, Samuel, do. do. 

Heywood, Benjamin, do. do. 

Hobby, John, do. do. 

Hartshorn, Thomas, do. do. 

Haskell, Elnathan, do. do. 

Hastings, Walter, Surgeon, do. 

Hart, John, do. do. 

Holland, Park, Lieutenant, do. 

Hooker, Zibeon, do. do. 

Hammond, Abijah,do. do. 

Hunt, Ephraim, do. do. 

Hiwell, John, do. do. 

Holbrook, Nathan, do. do. 

Hill, Jeremiah, do. do. 

Haskell, Jonathan, do. do. 

Holden, Levi, do. do. 

Holden, John, do. do. 

Hollidge, John, do. do. 

Holland, Ivory, do. do. 

Hildreth, William, do. do. 

Hoey, Benjamin, do. do. 

Hull, James, do. do. 

Howe. Richard S., Ensign, do. 

Horton, Elisha. do. do. 

Hamlin, Africa, do. do. 

Hard, John, Ensign, Mass. 

Henry, Robert R., Surgeon, N. H. 

Hutchins, Nathaniel, Capt., do. 

Harvey, John, Lieutenant, do. 

Howe, Bazaleel, do. do. 

Herkimer, , General, N. York. 

Killed at the battle of Oriskany, 
Aug. 6, 1777. 

Huger, Benjamin, Major, S. Caro- 
lina. Killed at Charleston Neck, 
May 11, 1779. 

Hilton, William, Lieut., North 
Carolina. Killed July 15, 1779. 

Hawkins, Moses, Captain, Virginia. 
Killed at Germautown, Oct. 4, 
1777. 

Humphries, John, Captain. Vir- 
ginia. Killed at Quebec, Dec. 31, 
1775. 

Harrison, James, Lieutenant, Va. 
Killed Oct. 7, 1777. 



Hardman John, Captain, Mary- 
land. Killed Sept. 1, 1780. 

Hendricks, William, Captain, 
Penn. Killed Dec. 31, 1775. 

Huston, Alexander, Captain, 
Penn. Killed at Brandywine, 
September 11, 1777. 

Hammond, Benjamin, Lieut., 
Penn. Killed Feb. 20, 1778. 

Hopes, Robert, Captain, Penn. 
Killed at Brandywine, Sept. 11, 
1777. 

Holliday, James, Lieut., Penn 
Killed at Brandywine, Sept. 11, 
1777. 

Hume, Alexander, Lieut., South 
Carolina. Killed at the storm- 
ing of Savannah, Oct. 9, 1779. 

Holmes, David, Surgeon, Connec- 
ticut. Died March 20, 1779. 

Howe, Solomon, Surgeon, Connec- 
ticut. Died June 10, 1178. 

Harris, John, Lieut., Connecticut. 
Died Dec. 7, 1777. 

Hopkins, Weigh, Captain, Shel- 
don's Horse. Killed July 15, 1779. 

Hale, Nathan, Captain, Connecti- 
cut. Sent by Gen. Washington 
to reconnoitre the British on 
Long Island in 1776. He was 
captured by them and hanged 
as a spy Sept. 22, 1776. 

Haslett, John, Colonel, Del. Killed 
at the battle of Princeton, Janu- 
ary 3, 1777. 

Holland, Thomas, Captain Dela- 
ware. Killed at Germantown, 
Oct. 4, 1777. 

.Henley, , Major, Aid to Gen. 

Heath. Killed at Montressor's 
Island, Sept. 24, 1776. 

Hale, , Colonel. Died a pris- 
oner on Long Island, 1780. 

Irwin, Henry. Colonel, North Car- 
olina. Killed at Germantown, 
Oct. 4, 1777. 

Ingersoll, George, Lieut., Mass. 

Irvine, William, Brig. Gen., Penn 

Irvine, James, do. do. 

Irvine, Andrew, Captain, do. 

Irwin, John, do. do. 

D-vine, Matthew, Surgeon, do. 



424 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF PAI. 



Inglis, John, Captain, N. Carolina. 
Ivey, Curtis, Lieutenant, do. 

Irish, Nathaniel, Captain of Artifi- 
cers, Pennsylvania. 

Jackson, Ephraim, Colonel, Mass. 
Killed Dec. 19, 1777. 

Johnson, Philip, Colonel, N. Jer- 
sey. Killed at the battle of Long 
Island, August 27, 1776. 

Jouett, Matthew, Captain, Vir- 
ginia. Died Nov. 15, 1777. 

Jackson, Henry, Colonel, Mass. 

Jackson, Michael, do. do. 

Jackson, Thomas, Captain, do. 

Jackson, Simon, do. do, 

Jackson, Daniel, Lieut., do. 

Jackson, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Jackson, Michael, do. do. 

Johnson, William, do. do. 

.leffred, Samuel, do. do. 

Jenkins, Joel, do. do. 

Jackson, Amasa, Ensign, do. 

Jackson, Charles, do. do. 

Johnson, Jonathan, Lt. Col., Conn. 

Jackson, Thomas F., Lieut., Adju- 
tant, and Aid, Conn. 

Judd, William, Captain, Conn. 

Judson, David, do. do. 

James, Elijah, Lieut., do. 

Jansen, Cornelius T., Capt., N. Y. 

Johnson, John, do. do. 

Johnson, Robert, Surgeon, do. 

Johnston, James, Lieut., do. 

Johnston, Francis, Colonel, Penn. 

Jackson, Jeremiah, Captain, do. 

Jones, James, Surgeon, do. 

Jones, David, Chaplain, do. 

Jones, James M., Lieut., do. 

Janney, Thomas, do. do. 

Johnston, Andrew, do. do. 

Jaquette, Peter, Cap., Delaware. 

Jennifer, Daniel, Surgeon, Md. 

Jordan, John, Capt. of Cav., do. 

Jones, John C, Captain, do. 

Jamison, Adam, Lieut., do. 

Jameson, John, Lieut. Col., Va. 

Joines, Levin, do. do. 

Johnston, .William, Captain, do. 

Jones, Churchill, do. do. 

Jones, Strother, do. do, 

Johnston, John B., do. do. 



Jones, Albrighton, Lieut., Va. 
Johnston, Peter, do. do. 

Jones, Charles, do. do. 

Jones, Samuel, Captain, N. Car. 
Jones, Phillip, Lieutenant, do. 
Jackson, William, Captain, S. C. 
Jordan, William, Lieut., Ceorgia. 

Knox, Henry, Major-general,Mass. 
Knapp, Moses, Lieut. Col., do. 
King, Zebulon, Captain, do. 

Killam, Joseph, do. do. 

Kindry, William, Lieut., do. 

Kirby, Ephraim, do. R. Island. 
Kimberly, Ephraim, Capt., Conn. 
King, Joshua. Lieutenant, do. 
Keeler, Isaac, do. do. 

Keeler, Thaddeus.do. do. 

Keeler, Aaron, Ensign, Conn. 
King, John, do. do. 

Knapp, Joshua, do. do. 

Kingsbury, Jacob, do. do. 

Keese, John, Assistant Deputy 

Quartermaster-general, N. Y. 
Kemper, Daniel, Deputy Clothier- 

general, New York. 
Kemper, Jacob, Captain, N. Y. 
Kirkpatrick, David, Lieut., do. 
Kenney, Abraham, do. N. J. 

Kersey, William, do. 

Kennedy, Samuel, Captain, Penn. 
Keene, Lawrence, do. do. 

Kirkwood, do. Del. 

Kidd, Charles, Lieut., Maryland. 
Kilty, William, Surgeon, do. 
Kilty, John, Captain, do. 

Keene, Sam'l Y., Sur. Mate, do. 
Kirkpatrick, Abram., Captain, Va. 
Kendall, Kurtis, do. do. 

Kays, Robert, do. do. 

King, Elisha, Lieutenant. do. 

Kirk, Robert, do. do. 

Kingsbury, John, Captain, North 

Carolina. 
Knapp, John, Lieut., S. Carolina. 
Kolb, Josiah, do. do. 

Keunedy, Jas., do. do. 

Knowlton, Thomas, Colonel, Conn. 

Killed September 16, 1776. 
Kingman, Edward, Ensign, Mass. 

Killed Sept. 26, 1777. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Kirkland, Nathaniel, Lieut., Conn. 

Killed Oct. 12, 1777. 
Kennedy, Samuel, Surgeon, Penn. 

Killed June 28, 1778. 

Laurens, John, Lieut., Col., S. C. 
Killed in a skirmish on the Com- 
bahee, Aug. 27, 1781. 

Ledyard, William, Colonel. Massa- 
cred by Major Bloomfleld, a 
tory, under the Command of 
Arnold, the traitor, Sept. 6, 1781, 
at Fort Griswold. 

Locke, Francis, Colonel. Killed at 
Charlotte, S. C, Sept. 25, 1780. 

Lewis, Robert, Capt., Conn. Killed 
March 22, 1777. 

Lamar, Marian, Major, Penn. Kill- 
ed Sept. 21, 1777. 

Lemon, James, Lieut., Penn. Kill- 
ed Sept. 11, 1777, at Brandy wine 

Lucas, Thomas, Lieut., Penn. Kill- 
ed Oct. 4, 1777, at Germantown. 

Leitch, Andrew, Major, Va. Killed 
at Harlem Plains, Sept. 28, 1776. 

Lewis, William, Lieut., Va. Killed 
Sept. 14, 1779. 

Livermore, Daniel, Capt., N. H. 

Lyon, Thomas, Lieut., do. 

Lightall, William, do. do. 

Lyford, Thomas, do. do. 

Leavitt, Nehemiah, do. do. 

Lincoln, Benj., Maj. Gen., Mass. 

Littlefleld, Noah M., Lt. Col., do. 

Lincoln, Rufus, Captain, do. 

Lunt, Daniel, do. do. 

Lee, Daniel, do. do. 

Learned, Simon, do. ' do. 

Lord, Simeon, do. do. 

Loughton, Wm., Sur. Mate, do. 

Lovejoy, Obadlah, Lieut., do. 

Ligwell, John, do. do. 

Lunt, James, do. do. 

Lily, Reuben, do. do. 

Leland, Joseph, do. do. 

Lilly, John, do. do. 

Lyman, Cornelius, Ensign, do. 

Lord, Jeremiah, do. do. 

Leonard, Jacob, do. do. 

Lewis, Elijah, Captain, R. Island. 

Leavenworth, Eli, Major, Conn. 

Lyman, Daniel, do. do. 



Lay, Asa, Captain, Conn. 

Lee, Noah, do. do. 

Loomis, Lebbeus, Lieut., do. 

Lyon, Asa, do. do. 

Lord, William, do. do. 

Lynn, William, do. do. 

Lord, James, do. do. 

Lamb, John, Colonel, N. York. 

Livingston, James, do. do. 

Livingston, Hy. B., do. do. 

Lawrence, Judge advocate Gene- 
ral, New York. 

Lewis, Morgan, Colonel and Qr. 
Mr., New York. 

Livingston, Brokolst, Lt. Col.,N. Y. 

Lutterloh, Henry E., Col.,N. York. 

Ledyard, Isaac, Sur. Mate, do. 

Logan, Samuel, Major, do. 

Livingston, Abra'm, Capt., do. 

Livingston, Robt. H., do. do. 

Lewis, Samuel, Lieut., do. 

Leycraft, William, do. do. 

Leycraft, George, do. do. 

Lansing, Garret G., do. do. 

Leggett, Abraham, do. do. 

Lawrence, Jonathan,Capt.,do. 

Lane, Derrick. Capt., N. J. 

Leonard, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Lloyd, Richard, do. do. 

Luce, Francis, Ensign, do. 

Lusk, William, Captain, Penn. 

Lambert, Le Chevalier, Lt., do. 

Lee, Andrew, Lieut., do. 

Leroy, George, do. do. 

Lytle, Andrew, do. do. 

Lodge, Benjamin, do. do. 

Lloyd, James, do. do. 

Latimer, Henry, Surgeon, Del. 

Learmouth. John, Captain, do. 

Lansdale, Tlios., Major, Maryland. 

Lucket, Thos. H., do. do. 

Lynch, John, do. do. 

Lingan, James M., Captain, do. 

Lamar, Abraham, do. do. 

Lamar, William, do. do. 

Lynn, David, do. do. 

Lowe, John T., Lieut., do. 

Lynn, John, do. do. 

Lee, Henry, Lieut. Col., Virginia. 

Lawson, Robert, General, do. 

Lee, Philip R. F., Captain, do. 

Long, Gabriel, do. do. 



426 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Lewis, William, Major, Virginia. 

Lapsley, Samuel, Capt., do. 

Loveley, Wm. L., do. do. 

Lind, Arthur, Lieut., do. 

Lawson, Benj., do. do. 

Ludeman, John W., do. do. 

Linton, John, do. do. 

Long, Reuben. do. do. 

Lovell, James, do. do. 

Lamb, Gideon, Colonel, N. C. 

Lytle, Archibald, Lt. Col.. do. 
Lytle, William, Captain, do. 
Lewis, Micajah, do. do. 

Lawrence, Nathan'l, do. do. 

Lamb, Abner, do. do. 

Lockman, Chas., Sur. Mate, S. C. 
Liddell, George, Captain, do. 
Lining, Charles, do. do. 

Legare, James, do. do. 

Lloyd, Edward, Lieut., do. 
Liston, Thomas, do. do. 

Lloyd, Benjamin, do. do. 

Langford, Daniel, do. do. 

Lowe, Philip, Major, Georgia. 

Lane, Joseph, do. do. 

Lucas, John, Captain, do. 

Mercer, Hugh, Brig. Gen., Va. Kill- 
ed at Princeton, Jan. 3, 1777. 

McPherson, John, Aid-de-Campto 
General Montgomery. Killed at 
Quebec, Dec. 31, 1775. 

Mattocks, John, Capt. Killed at 
King's Mountain, Oct. 7, 1780. 

Montgomery, Richard, Brig. Gen., 
New York. Killed at Quebec, 
Dec. 31, 1775. 

Mumford, Augustus, Major, R. I. 
Killed at Plowed Hill, August 
27, 1775. 

Morris, Joseph, Major, N. J. Kill- 
ed at Princeton, Jan. 3, 1777. 

McMyers, Andrew, Captain, N. J. 
Killed at Germantown, Oct. 4, 
1777. 

Miller, John, Capt., Penn. Killed at 
Fort Washington, Nov. 16, 1776. 

Motte, Chas., Major, S. C. Killed 
at the storming of Savannah, 
Oct. 9, 1779. 

Moore, Wlllard, Major, Mass. Kill- 
ed at Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775. 



McClary, Andrew, Major, N. H. 
Killed at Bunker Hill, June 17, 
1775. 

Munroe, Edmund, Captain, Mass. 
Killed at Monmouth, June 28, 
1778. 

McCauley, Nathaniel, Lieut., N. H. 
Killed Aug. 30, 1779. 
, — Martin, Peter, Lieut., Penn. Killed 
at Brandy wine, Sept. 11, 1777. 

Morris, Benj., Ensign, Penn. Kill- 
ed at Brandywine, Sept. 11, 1777. 

Mason, Caleb, Ensign, Md. Killed 
at Camden, Aug. 16, 1780. 

McClintock, Alex., Lieut., Pa. Kill- 
ed at Brandywine, Sept. 11, 1777. 

Magee, William, Ensign, Pa. Killed 
Sept. 20, 1777. 

McLain, Robert A., Ensign. Penn. 
Killed Sept. 27, 1777. 

Morrill, Amos, Major, N. H. 

McGregor, David, Captain, do. 

Munroe, Josiah, do. do. 

Morrow, Joshua, Lieut. do. 

Mason, Lemuel, do. do. 

Mills, Joseph, do. do. 

McGaffey, Neal, do. do. 

McLowry, Alex., Ensign, do. 

Marshall, Thos., Colonel, Mass. 

Maxwell, Hugh, Lt. Col., do. 

Millen, James, do. do. 

Marshall, Chris., Capt., do. 

Maynard, Jonathan, do. do. 

Means, James, do. do. 

McFarland, Moses, do. do. 

Mills, William, do. do. 

Mills, John, do. do. 

Miller, Jeremiah, do. do. 

Moore, William, do. do. 

McLane, Daniel, Lieut., do. 

Morton, Silas, do. do. 

Marble, Henry, do. do. 

Maynard, William, do. do. 

Mason, David, Lieut., Mass. 

Merrick, Samuel, do. do. 

Mellish, Samuel, do. do. 

Maynard, John, do. do. 

Miller, Joseph, do. do. 

Morgan, Benj., Sur. Mate, do. 

McKay, Daniel, Ensign, do. 

Macomber, Eben., Capt., R. Island. 

Masury, Joseph, Lieut., do. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF PAT. 



427 



Meigs, Return J., Colonel, Conn. 

Mather, Timothy, Surgeon, do. 

Munson, Eneas, Sur. Mate, do. 

Munson, Theophilus, Capt. do, 

Munson, William, do. do. 

Moulton, William, do. do. 

Morris, James, do. do. 

McGregor, John, do. do. 

Mix, John, Lieut., do. 

Mix, Timothy, do. do. 

Manifleld, John, do. do. 

Meigs, John, do. do. 

Miller, Charles, do. do. 

McDougall, Alex., Maj. Gen., N. Y. 

McDougall, Renald S., Major, do. 

Morris, Lewis, do. do. 

MeKnight, Chas., Surgeon, do. 

Menema, Daniel, do. do. 

Moore, Henry, Hcs. Mate, do. 

Machin, Thomas, Captain, do. 

Marshall, Elihu, do. do. 

Motte, Gershom, do. do. 

Moodie, Andrew, do. do. 

Mansfield, Samuel, do. do. 

Morris, Wm. W., Lieut., do. 

Magee, Peter, do. do. 

Monty, Francis, do. do. 

Miles, John, do. do. 

Maxwell, Anthony, do. do. 

Mott, Ehenezer, do. do. 

Marsh, John, Ensign, do. 

Morrell, Joseph, do. do. 

Mason, John, Chaplain, N.Jersey. 

Mitchell, Alex., Captain, do. 
—^Martin, Absalom, do. do. 

Meade, Giles, do. do. 

Meeker, Usal, Lieutenant, do. 
-McEwen, John, Ensign, do. 

MoyJan, Stephen, Colonel, Penn. 

Magaw, Robert, do. do. 

Murray, John, Lieut. Col., do. 

Mentges, Francis, do. do. 

Maus, Matthew, Surgeon, do. 

Magaw, William, do. do. 

^Martin, Hugh, do. do. 

McCalla, Thomas, do. do. 

McDowell, John, do. do. 

McCoskey, Alex., do. do. 

McCoflrey, S«m. A., do. do. 

McMordie, Robt., Chaplain, do. 

McClure, James, Captain, do. 

McCurdy, Wm., do. do. 



Mclntire, Thomas, Capt., 

McConnell, Matthew, do. 

McMurray, William, do. 

McKey, William, do. 

McCully, George, do. 

McClellan, John, do. 

McGowan, John, do. 

Miller, William, do. 

^Martin, William, do. 

Montgomery, Sam., do. 

Marshall, John, do. 

McCullom, John, Lieut., 

McPherson, Jas. F., do. 

McGuire, Matthew, do. 

McDowell, William, do. 

MeKnight, David, do. 

McKinney, John, do. 

McMichael, James, do. 

McElhatton, Wm., do« 

McLean, James, do. 

McFarlane, James, do. 

Marshall, David, do. 

Milligan, James, do. 

Markland, John, do. 

Moore, William, do. 

-Martin Robert, do. 

Mahon, John, do. 

Murrin, William, do. 

Mytinger, Jacob, do. 

Marcellin, Chevalier, do. 

Manning, Lawrence, do. 

Marshall, Benjamin, Lieut., 

Morrison, James, Ensign, 

McLean, Allen, Major, 

Mitchell, Nathaniel, do. 

Moore, James, Captain, 

McKennon, Wm., do. 

McWilliams, Steph., Lieut., 

McHenry, James, Major, 

McAllister, Archibald, Capt 



McFadden, James, 
Myers, Christian, 
McPherson, Samuel 
Muse, Walter, 
Marberry, Joseph, 
Mason, Thomas, 
Morris, Jonathan, 
Mitchell, John, 
Morgan, David, 
McCoy. John, 
McPherson, Mark, 
Myers, Lawrence, 



do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

Lieut., 

do. 

do. 

do. 



Penn. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do, 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do, 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 
Del. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 
.,do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 



428 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Muhlenberg, Peter, Brig. Gen., V 
Morgan, Daniel, do. Virgin! 

Mathews, George, Colonel, do. 
Marshall, Thomas, do. do. 
McOlenahan, Alex., do. do. 
Mathews, Thos., Lt. Col., do. 
Montgomery, John, do. do. 
Meade, Richard K., do. do. 
Mosely, William, Major, do. 
Minnis, Holman, Captain, do. 
Miunis, Callowhill. do. 
Minnis, Francis, do. 
Mallory, Philip. do. 

Morgan, Simeon, do. 
Mulr, Francis, do. 

Moss, Henry, do. 

Morrow, Robert, do. 
Morton, Hezekiah, do. 
Mabin, James, do. 

Meredith, William, do. 
Meade, Everard, do. 
Mercer, John F., do. 
Minor, Thomas, do. 
Mosely, Benj,, (1) Lieut. 
Mosely, Ben;)., (2) do. 
Meriwether, David, do. 
Meriwether, James, do. 



Miller, Thomas, do. 
Mills, John, do. 

Miller, Jarran, do. 

Morton, James, do. 

Miller, David, do. 

Miller, William, do. 

"NMartin, Thomas, do. 
McGuire, William, do. 
Massey, John, Cornet, 
Middleton, Baziel, Surgeon, do 
Monroe, George, do. do 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 

do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 

do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



Murfree, Hardy, Lieut., Col., N. C. 

Mcltae, Griffith I., Major, do. 

Mills, James, Captain, do. 

Monfort, Joseph, do. do. 

Moore, Elijah, do. do. 

McNeeS, John, do. do. 

McClure, William, Surgeon, do. 

McLain. William, Sur. Mate, do. 

Marshall, Dixon, Lieut., do. 

Moore, James, do. do. 

Moultrie, Wm., Maj. Gen., S. C. 

Marion, Francis, Colonel, do. 

Mayzlck, Daniel, Major, do. 

Mitchell, Ephraim, do. do. 



Mason, Richard, Captain, S. C. 

Milling, Hugh, do. do. 

^-Martin, John, do. do. 

Mitchell, James, do. do. 

— Martin, James, Surgeon, do. 

McGuire, Merry, Lieut., do. 

Moore, Henry, do. do. 

Mayzick, Stephen, do. do. 

Mcintosh, Lachlin, Brig. Gen., Ga. 

Mcintosh, John, Colonel, Georgia. 

Moore, Francis, Major, do. 

Mosby, Littleby, Captain, do. 

Milton, John, do. do. 

Melvin, George, do. do. 

Mcintosh, William, do. do. 

Mcintosh, Lachlin, Lieut., do. 

Meanly, John, do. do. 

Mitchell, John, do. do. 

Morrison, John, do. do. 

Mosby, Robert, Lieut., Georgia. 

Maxwell, Josiah, do. do. 

Neil, Daniel, Captain, New Jersey. 
Killed at Princeton, Jan. 3, 1777. 

Nash, Francis, Brig. Gen., North 
Carolina. Killed at German- 
town, Oct. 4, 1777. 

Neufville, William, Surgeon, S. C. 

Nelson, John, Major, do. 

Nelson, John, Captain, Virginia. 

Nevil, John, Colonel, do. 

Nelson, William, Lieut.Col., do. 

Nevil, Presley, do. do. 

Norvell, Lipscomb, Captain,do. 

Nixon, Audrew. do. do. 

Nelson, Roger, Lieutenant, do. 

Norris, Jacob, do. Md. 

Nichola, Lewis, Colonel, Penn. 

North, Caleb, Lieut. Col., do. 

North, George, Lieutenant, do. 

Nice, John, Captain, do. 

Neely, Benjamin, do. do. 

Nestell, Peter, do. N. York. 

Newkirk, Charles, do. do. 

Niven, Daniel, do. do. 

Norton, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Nicholson, Geo. C, do. do. 

Neely, Abraham, do. do. 

Noyes, John, Surgeon, Conn. 

Norton, Benjamin, Lieut., do. 

Nixon, John, Brig. Gen., Mass. 

Nixon, Thomas, Colonel, do. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



429 



Newell, Ezra, Lieut. Colonel, Mass. 

North, William, Captain, do. 

Nason, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Nelson, Henry, Lieut. do. 

Olney, Jeremiah, Colonel, R. I. 

Olney, Coggeshall, Major, do. 

Oliver, Robert, do. Mass. 

Oliver, Alexander, Lieut., do. 

Olmstead, James, do. do. 

Ogden, Mathias, Colonel, N. J. 

Ogden, Aaron, Captain, do. 

Otto Bodo, Surgeon, do. 

Orr, John, Lieutenant, N. J. 

Osman Benjamin, do. do. 

Oldham, Edward, Captain, Md. 
Oldham, Conway, do. Virginia. 

Oliver, William, do. do. 

O'Neal, Ferdiuand, do. do. 

Overton, John, do. do. 

Oliphant, David, Surgeon, S. C. 

Orgive, George, Lieut., do. 

Ousby, Thomas, do. do. 

Putnam, Rufus, Brig. Gen., Mass. 

Patterson, John, Colonel, do. 

Peters, Andrew, do. do. 

Pope, Isaac, Major, do. 

Porter, William, do. do. 

Perkins, William, do. do. 

Pettingill, Joseph, do. do. 

Pillsbury, Daniel, Captain, do. 

Pray, John, do. do. 

Pike, Benjamin, do. do. 

Pierce, Silas, do. do. 

Pritchard, Thomas, do. do. 

Porter, Benj. J., Sur. Mate, do. 
Porter, Moses, Lieutenant, do. 

Phelan, Edward, do. do. 

Price, William, do. do. 

Pardee, Aaron, do. do. 

Phelan, John, do. do. 

Phelan, Patrick, do. do. 

Pierce, Benjamin, do. do. 

Pratt, Joel, do. do. 

Parker, Elias, do. do. 

Pierce, John, do. do. 

Parker, Benjamin, do. do. 

Parker, Levi, do. do. 

Potter, Joseph, Captain, N. H. 
Page, Moses, Lieutenant, do. 

Perkins, Jonathan, do. do. 



Payne, Francis, Lieutenant, N. H. 
Pennyman, Adna, do. do. 

Plumb, William, Chaplain, R. I. 
Peck, William, Major, do. 

Peckham, Benj. L., Captain, do. 
Patton, Thomas, do. do. 

Pratt, William, Lieutenant, do. 
Putnam, Israel, Maj. Gen., Conn. 
Parsons, Samuel H., do. do. 

Prior, Abner, Major, do. 

Potter, Stephen, Captain, do. 
Phelps, Seth, do. do. 

Parsons, David, do. do. 

Pendleton, Daniel, do. do. 

Pei-ry, Sylvanus, Lieutenant, do. 
Pike, William, do. do. 

Pomeroy, Ralph, do. do. 

Pinto, Solomon, do. do. 

Pride, Reuben, do. do. 

Pickering, Timothy, Colonel, N.Y. 
Piatt, Richard, Major, do. 

Popham, William, Captain, do. 
Pemberton, Robert, do. do. 
Pell, Samuel, T., do. do. 

Pawling, Henry, do. do. 

Parsons, Charles, do. do. 
Prior, Abner, Surg. Mate, do. 
Peck, Hiel, Lieut., do. 

Provost, Robert, Ensign, do. 
Peters, William, do. do. 

Phillips, Jonathan, Captain, N. J. 
Piatt, William, do. do. 

Parrott, Silas, Lieutenant, do. 
Paul, James, do. do. 

Peck, John, do. do. 

Porter, Andrew, Lieut. Col., Penn. 
Peres, Peter, Surgeon, do. 

Piatt, Samuel, Surg. Mate, do. 
Proctor, Francis, Lieut. Col., do. 
Parr, James, Major, do. 

Power, William, Captain, do. 
Prye, Thomas, do. do. 

Paulient, Antoine, do. do. 
Patterson, John, do. do. 

Patton, Robert, do, do. 

Pierson, John, do. do. 

Parker, Alexander, do. do. 
Pike, Zebulon, do. do. 

Power, William, do. do. 

Purcell, Henry D„ Lieut., do. 
Pugh, Jonathan, do. do. 

Peasely, Zacheus, do. do. 

Piercy, Henry, do. do. 



430 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAT. 



Pettigrew, James, Lieut., Penn. 
Pratt, John, do. do. 

Peebles, Robert, do. do. 

Peterson, Grabriel, do. do. 

Porter, Robert, do. do. 

Parker, Robert, do. do. 

Purvis, George, Captain, N. J. 
Patten, John, do. do. 

Piatt, John, do. do. 

Piatt, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Pratt, Edward, Captain, Md. 

Price, Benjamin, do. do. 

Price, Thomas, jr., Lieut., do. 
Pendergast, William, do. do. 
Pindell, Richard, Surgeon, do. 
Porterneld, Charles, Lt. Col., Va. 
Posey, Thomas, do. do. 

Powell, Levin, do. do. 

Pelham, Charles, Major, do. 

Poulson, John, do. do. 

Pendleton, Nathaniel, Capt., do. 
Pierce, William, do. do. 

Parsons, William, do. do. 

Pemberton, Thomas, do. do. 
Pendleton, James, do. do. 

Parker, Thomas, do. do. 

Parker, Alexander, do. do. 

Payne, Tarleton, do. do. 

Porterneld, Robert, do. do. 

Payne, Thomas, do. do. 

Powell, Peyton, Lieutenant, do. 
Pryor, John, do. do. 

Parsons, Thomas, do. do. 

Porter, William, do. do. 

Perkins, Archelaus, do. do. 

Power, Robert, Cornet, do. 

Perry, John, do. do. 

Payne, Josiah, Ensign, do. 

Patton, John, Colonel, N. C. 

Pearl, James, Captain, do. 

Pinckney, Charles C, Colonel, S. C. 
Pinckney, Thomas, Lt., Col., do. 
Purcell, Henry, Chaplain, do. 
Prescott, Joseph, Surgeon, do. 
Pollard, Richard, Captain, do. 
Proveaux, Adrian, do. do. 

Poyas, John E., Hos. Mate, do. 
Payne, Thomas, Lieut., Georgia. 
Parre, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Parker, Moses, Lt. Col., Mass. 

Killed at Bunker Hill, June 17, 

1775. 



Patton, William, Lieut., Penn. 
Killed at Germantown, Oct. 4, 
1777. 

Peyton, Robert, Lieut., Va., Killed 
at Brandy wine, Sept. 11, 1777. 

Phillips, Noah, Ensign, Connecti- 
cut. Killed March 16, 1778. 

Parmelie, Josiah, Capt., Connecti- 
cut. Killed March 24, 1778. 

Pierce, Timothy, Lieutenant, Penn. 
Killed July 3, 1778. 

Pugh, Willis, Ensign, Virg'a. Killed 
May 1, 1777. 

Quarles, James, Captain, Virginia. 
Quarles, Thomas, do. do. 

Quarles, Wm. P., Lieutenant, do. 
Quarles, Robert, do. do. 

Quirk, Thomas, do. do. 

Reid, George, Lieut., N. Hamp. 
Robinson. Caleb, Major, do. 
Robinson, Noah, Captain, do. 
Rowell, William, do. do. 

Rice, Nathan, Major, Mass. 

Rouse, Oliver, Captain, do. 
Rennick, Timothy, do. do. 

Richardson, Abiah, Surgeon, do. 
Rice, Oliver, Lieutenant, do. 
Ripley, Hezekiah, do. do. 

Reab, George, do. do. 

Richards, William, do. do. 

Row, John, EnsigD, do. 

Rawson, Jeduthan, do. do. 

Rogers, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Russell, Thomas, do. do. 

Riley, John, Captain, Conn. 
Reed, Enoch. do. do. 

Robinson, Peter, do. do. 

Rose, John, do. do. 

Rodgers, Hezekiah, do. do. 

Richards, William, do. do. 

Rogers, Jedediah, do. do. 

Rice, Nehemiah, do; do. 

Russell, Cornelius, Lieut., do. 
Ransom, Elijah, do. do. 

Rhea, Aaron, do. do. 

Richards, Samuel, do. do. 

Robinson, Elias, do. do. 

Rogers, Joseph, Ensign, do. 
Rose, John, Surgeon, do. 

Rosecrans, James, Major, N. York. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



431 



Randall, Thomas, Captain, N. Y. 
Robeclieau, James, do. do. 
Reed, Jacob, do. do. 

Reed, John, do. do. 

Reed, Thomas, Surgeon, do. 
Ryckman, Wilhelm, Lieut., do. 
Ross, John, Major, New Jersey. 
Reading, Sam'l. do. do. 

Reckles, Anthony, Lieut., do. 
Reed, John, do. do. 

Rencastle, John, do. do. 
Rhea, Jonathan, do. do. 
Read, John, Ensign, do. 

Robinson, Thomas, Lt. Col., Penn. 
Rogers, John R.B., Surgeon, do. 
Rogers, William, Chaplain, do. 
Rogue, John, Surgeon's Mate, do. 
Reid, James R., Major, do. 

Rose, John, do. do. 

Riely, John, Captain, do. 

Rice, William, do. do. 

Reeves, Enos, Lieutenant, do. 
Robinson, Andrew, do. do. 

Reed, Samuel, do. do. 

Robbins, John, do. do. 

Reed, Archibald, do. do. 

Roche, Edward, do. Delaware. 
Ramsey,Nathaniel, Col., Md. 

Rawlings, Moses, Lt. Col., do. 
Richmond, Christopher,Capt., do. 
Roxburg, Alexander, do. do. 
Reed, Philip, do. do. 

Reese, Frederick, do. do. 

Revelly, Francis, do. do. 

Rudolph, Michael, do. do. 

Reily, William, do. do. 

Ricketts, Nicholas, Lieut., do. 
Reybolo", Jacob, do. do. 

Rawlings, Isaac, do. do. 

Rutledge, Joshua, do. do. 
Rasin, William, do. do. 

Rouse, Thomas, Ensign, do. 

Russell,William, Colonel,Virginia. 
Read, Isaac, do. do. 

Richardson, Holt, Lt. Col., do. 
Rose, Robert, Surgeon, do. 

Ridley, Thomas, Major, do. 
Reid, Nathan, Captain, do. 
Ragsdale, Drury, do. do. 

Ransdell, Thomas, do. do. 

Roy, Beverly, do. do. 

Russell, Albert, Lieut., do. 



Roney, John, Lieut., Virginia. 

Rankin, Robert, do. do. 

Rudder,Epaphroditus, do. do. 

Rhea, Matthew, do. do. 

Robertson, William, do. do. 

Robertson, John, do. do. 

Reed, Jesse, Captain, N. Car. 

Ralford, Robert, do. do. 

Read, James, do. do. 

Rhodes, Joseph T., do. do. 

Read, William, Surgeon, S. Car. 

Ramsay, Jesse H., Surg. Mate, do. 

Roux, Albert, Captain, do. 

Roberts, Richard B., do. do. 

Russell, Thomas C, Lieut., do. 

Rothmaler, Erasmus, do. do. 

Roberts, Moses, Captain, Massa- 
chusetts. Killed Feb. 11, 1780. 

Riker, Abraham, Lieutenant, N. Y. 
Killed May 7, 1780. 

Reinick, Christopher, Surgeon, 
Penn. Died Sept. 21, 1778. 

Redpith, John, Lieutenant, N. 
Car. Killed Oct. 13, 1777. 

Ramsey, John, Surgeon, Penn. 
Died Nov. 4, 1776. 

Roberts, Owen, Colonel, S. Caro- 
lina. Died June 20, 1779. 

Scammell, Alexander, Colonel, 
N. H. Shot by the Hessian Cav- 
alry, at Yorktown, Va., Sept. 30, 
1781, and died Oct. 6, 1781. 

Stirling, Lord, Maj. Gen., N. York. 
Died at Albany, Jan. 15, 1783. His 
proper name was Wm. Alex- 
ander. 

Shubrick, Richard, Captain, S. 
Carolina. Killed Nov. 8, 1777. 

Smith, William, Lieut., Va. Killed 
at Germantown, Oct. 4, 1777. 

Smith, Samuel, Lieut., Penn. 
Killed May 27, 1777. 

Shile, Peter, Lieut., Penn. Killed 
Nov. 5, 1777. 

Stoddard, Nathan, Captain, Conn. 
Killed May 27, 1777. 

Stoddard, Josiah, Captain, Conn. 

Shaw, Sylvauus,Captaiu, R.Island. 
Killed Oct. 22, 1777. 

Shortridge, BenL, Captain, N. 
Hampshire. Killed July 8, 1778. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF PAT. 



Shillings, John, Captain, Mass. 

Killed April 2, 1777. 
Steele, Aaron, Lieut., Mass. Killed 

Nov. 24, 1777. 
Starke, John, Brig. Gen. N. Hamp. 

Stafford, Samuel, Lt. Col., do. 

Stockton, Eben., Surgeon, do. 

Scott, William, Major, do. 

Senter, Asa, Captain, do. 

mitli, Simeon, do. do. 

Starke, Archibald, Lieut., do. 

Stevens, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Sheppard, Wm., Colonel, Mass. 

Sproat, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Stacy, William, Lt. Col. do. 

Smith, Calvin, do. do. 

Sumner, Job, Major, do. 

Spurr, John, do. do. 

Scott, William, do. do. 

Smite, Daniel, Captain, do. 
Sargeant, Winthropp, Captain and 

Aid, Mass. 

£ewall, Henry, Captain, Mass. 

Smith, Josiah, do. do. 

Smith, Sylvanus, do. do. 

Smith, John K., Captain, Mass. 

Smith, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Satterlee, Wm., do. do. 

Sluman, John, do. do. 

Stratton, Aaron, do. do. 

Storrey, William, do. do. 
Storer, Ebenezer, Captain and 

Paymaster, Mass. 

Shaw, Samuel, Captain, Mass. 

Stone, Jonathan, do. do. 

Seward, Thomas, do. do. 

Sloan, Sturgeon, do. do. 

Stevens, William, do. do. 

Savage, Joseph, do. do. 

Sturdivant, Isaac, Lieut., do. 

Smith, John, do. do. 

Smith, Joseph, do. do. 

Smith, Josiah, do. do. 

Stocker, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Selden, Charles, do. do. 

Sampson, Crockett, do. do. 

Spring, Simeon, do. do. 

Stone, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Savage, Henry, do. do. 

Sheppard, William, do. do. 

Sawyer, James, do. do. 



Scammon, Sam'l L., Ensign, Mass. 
Scott, James, do. do. 

Sever, James, do. do. 

Swan, Caleb, do. do. 

Stafford, John R., do. do. 
Sherburne, Henry, Colonel, R. I. 
Sayles, David, Captain, do. 

Sherman, Henry, Lieutenant,do. 
Sherburne. Beujamin, do. do. 
Sheldon, Elisha, Colonel of Dra- 
goons, Conn. 
Swift, Heman, Colonel, Conn. 
Starr, Josiah, do. do. 

Sumner, John, do. do. 

Sherman, Isaac, Lieut. Col. do. 
Skinner, Thomas, Surgeon, do. 
Simpson, John, do. do. 

Storrs, Justus, do. do. 

Smith, David, Major, do. 

Sill, Richard, Captain, do. 

Shumway, John, Captain, Conn. 
Starr, David, do. do. 

Savage, Abijah, do. do. 

Stevens, John, do. do. 

Strong, David, do. do. 

Stanton, William, do. do. 

Stevens, Aaron, do. do. 

Simon, Spaulding, do. do. 

Sanford Samuel, do. do. 

Smith, Ezra, Lieutenant, do. 
Smith, William, do. do. 

Sherman, John, do. do. 

Shipman, Benoni, do. do. 

Starr, Thomas, do. do. 

Shutlifl, Benjamin, do. do. 

Seymour, Horace, do. do. 

Smith, Joel, Ensign, do. do. 

Stevens, Ebenezer, Colonel, do. 
Steuben, Baron De, Maj. Gen., do. 
Smith, Wm. S., Lieut. Col., do. 
Sweet, Caleb, Surgeon, N. York. 
Schuyler, Nich., do. do. 

Smith, Wm. P., Surg. Mate, do. 
Santford, John, Captain, do. 
Smith, Israel, do. do. 

Stewart, James, do. do. 
Swartwout, Corn., do. do. 
Sytez, George, Major, do. 

Strachan, William, Lieut., do. 
Schuyler, Dirck, do. do. 

Scudder, William, do. do. 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



433 



Shaw, John, 
Smith, Isaac, 
Smith, John, 
Snow, Ephraim, 
Stagg, John, 
Stake, John, 
Steddiford, Gerard 



Lieut., N. York. 



do. 
do. 
do, 
do. 
do. 
'do. 
do. 



Swartwout, Henry, do, 
Swartwout, Barn'd, Ensign, do. 
Spencer. Oliver, Colonel, N. J. 
Shreeve, Israel, do. do. 

Seely, Samuel, do. do. 

Stout, Abraham, do. do. 

Snowden, Jouathan, do. do. 
Sears, Peter, do. do. 

Shute, Samuel M., Lieut., N. J. 
Stout, Wesell T., do. do. 

Sproal, Moses, do. do. 

__ Shute, William, Ensign, do. 
Sedam, Cornelius, do. do. 

St. Clair, Arthur, Maj. Gen., Penn. 



Stewart, Walter, Colonel, 
Stewart, Christop'r, Lt. Col., 
Stewart, Alex., Surgeon, 
Smith, Win. H. Surg. Mate, 
> Stevenson, George, do. 
Stotesbury, John, Captain, 
Stevenson, Stephen, do. 



Simonds, Jonas, 
Sproat, William, 
Simpson, Michael 
Steele, John, 
Sample, Robert, 
Smith, Samuel, 
Stake, Jacob, 
Seely, Isaac, 
St. Clair, Daniel, Lieut 
Smith, Peter, do. 

Smith, Nathaniel, do. 



Smith, James, 
Stewart, William, 
Shrader, Philip, 
Strieker, John, 
Sullivan, John, 
Spear, Edward, 
Stoy, John, 
Stediford, Gerard, 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do 
do. 
do. 
do. 



Skillington, Elijah, do. Delaware 
Smallwood, Wm., Maj. Gen., Mil. 
Stone, John H., Colonel, do. 

Smith, Samuel, Lt. Col., do. 

Swan, Jno., Maj. of Drag., do. 
Sellman, Jonathan, Major, do. 



Smith, Joseph, Captain, 
Spurrier, Edward, do. 
Smith, John, do. 

Somerville, James, do. 
Smith, James, do. 

Smith, John, do. 

Smith, Alex., Surg. Mate, 
Shugart, Martin, Lieutenant 
Sears, John, Lieutenant, 
Smith, Edward M., do. 
Smote, William, do. 
Skerritt, Clement, do. 
Stoddard, Wm. T., do. 
Sewell, Clement, Ensign, 
Scott, Charles, Brig. Gen., 
Stephenson, David, Major, 
Snead, Smith, » do. 

Skelton, Clough, Captain, 
Stith, John, do. 

Sansum, Philip, do. 

Springer, Uriah, do. 

Singleton, Anthony, do. 
Stribling, Sigismund, do. 
Stubbleneld, Beverly, do. 
Stokes, John, do. 

Swearingen, Joseph, do. 
Sayres, Robert, do. 

Scott, Joseph, do. 

Slaughter, Philip, do. 
Summers, Simon, Lt. & Adj., 
Stockley, Charles, Lieut., 
Springer, Jacob, do. 

Selden, Samuel, do. 

Smith, James, do. 

Smith, Jonathan, do. 

Scarborough, John, do. 
Southall, Stephen, do. 
Stevans, William, do. 

Starke, Richard, do. 

Smith, Francis, do. 

Smith, William S., do. 

Steele, John, do. 

Stewart, Philip, do. 

Smith, Ballard, do. 

Sayres, Thomas, do. 

Stribling, Erasmus, do. 
Smith, Larkin, do. 

Skinner, Alex., Surgeon, 
Smith, Nathan, do. 
Savage, Joseph, do. 
Southall, Stephen, Lieut., 
Settle, Strother, do. 

Scott, Charles, Cornet, 



Md. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
, do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
Va. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do, 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
de. 



434 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Sumner, Jethro, Brig. Gen , N. C. 
Sharpe, Anthony, Captain, N. C. 
Stewart, Charles, do. do. 
Summers, John, do. do. 

Slaughter, John, do. do. 

Slade, Stephen, Lieutenant, do. 
Steed, Jesse, do. do. 

Shaw, Daniel, do. do. 

Scarlock, James, do. do. 

Saunders, William, do. do. 

Scott, William, Lieut. Col., S. C. 
Shubrick, Thomas, Captain and 

Aid, South Carolina. 
Smith, John C.,Captain, S. Carolina 
Sunn, Frederick, Surgeon, do. 
Springer, Sylves, Sur. Mate, do. 
Stevens, William S., do. do. 
Smith, Robert, Chaplain, do. 
Smith, Aaron, Lieut., do. 

Sharpe, James B., Surgeon, Ga. 
Steadman, James, Lieut., do. 
Slack, Frederick, do. do. 

Scott, William, Captain, do. 

Threadgill, Thomas, Captain, Ga. 
Templeton, Andrew, do. do. 
Tetard, Benjamin, Surgeon, do. 
Tennell, Francis, Lieut., do. 

Tucker, Thomas T., Surgeon, S. C. 
Theus, Simeon, Captain, do. 

Turner, George, do. do. 

Tate, William, do. do. 

Tatum, Howell, do. N. C. 

Thaxton, James, Lieut. Col., do. 
Tatum, James, Lieutenant, do. 
Towles, Oliver, Lt. Colonel, Va. 
Taylor, Richard, do. do. 

Temple, Benjamin, do. do. 

Trezvant, John, Surgeon. do. 

Trant, Lawrence, Captain, do. 
Talliaferro, Benjamin, do. do. 
Terry, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Thomas, Lewis, do. do. 

Throckmorton, Alb., Cornet, do. 
Tannehill, Josiah, Lieut., do. 
Talliaferro, Nicholas, do. do. 
Tatum, Zechariah, do. do. 
Trabue, John, Ensign, do. 

Tabb, Augustine, do. do. 

Tilghman, Tench, Lt. Col., Md. 
Tillard, Edward, do. do. 

TUlotson, Thomas, Surgeon, do. 
Tanuehlll, Adamson, Capt., do. 



Trueman, Alexander, Capt., Md. 
Truemau, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Towson, William, do. do. 

Tilton, James, Surgeon, Delaware. 
Taylor, Christopher, Sur. Mate, Pa. 
Thompson, Joseph, do. do. 

Tudor, George, Major, do. 

Talbott, Jeremiah, do. do. 

Turnbull, Charles, Captain, do. 
Talbott, Samuel, do. do. 

Thornbury, Francis, Lieut., do. 
Tilden, John B., do. do. 

Thompson, William, do. do. 

Tunison, Garrett, Surgeon, N. J. 
Tharp, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Thomas, Edward D., do. do. 
Tuttle, William, Ensign, do. 
Troup, Robert, Lieut. Col., N.York. 
Trumbull, John, Dept. Adjt. Gen- 
eral, New York. 
Ten Eyck, John D., Captain, N. Y. 
Ten Broock, John C, do. do. 
Titus, Jonathan, do. do. 

Taulman, Peter, do. do. 

Tiebout, Henry, do. do. 

Thompson, Alexander, Lieut.,do. 



Tappan, Peter, 
Ten Eyck, Abraham, 
Thompson, Andrew, 
Talmadge, Samuel, 
Tuthill, Azariah, 
Tapp, William, 



do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

Trumbull, Jona., Lt. Col., Conn. 
Talmadge, Benjamin, Major, do. 

Throop, Benjamin, do. do. 

Ten Eyck, Henry, Captain, do. 

Taylor, Timothy, do. do. 

Trowbridge, John, Lieut., do. 

Thompson, Isaiah, do. do. 

Throop, John R., do. do. 

Tanner, Ebenezer, Lieut., Conn. 

Tiffany, Isaiah, do. do. 

Tupper, Benjamin, Colonel, Mass. 

Thompson, Joseph, Lt. Col., do. 

Trescott, Lemuel, Major, do. 

Taylor, Othniel, Captain, do. 

Thomas, Joseph, do. do. 

Thorp, Eliphalet, do. do. 

Trotter, John, do. do. 

Turner, Jonathan, do. do. 

Treadwell, Win., do. do. 

Tisdale, James, do. do. 

Thatcher, James, Surgeon, do 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAT. 



435 



Thompson, Thaddeus, Sur., Mass. 
Thomas, John, do. do. 

Townsend, David, do. 

Tupper, Anselem, Lieut. 



Tucker, Joseph, 



do. 



Trowbridge, Luther, do. 



do. 

do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



Thatcher, Nathaniel, do. 
Taylor, Tertius, do. 

Tufts, Francis, do. 

Thayer, Bartholo., do. 
Town, Jacob, do. 

Torrey, William, do. 

Taylor, William, do. 

Turner, Thomas, Captain, 
Turner, Malbra, Lieutenant, do. 
Titcomb, Benjamin, Lt. Col., N. H. 
Taulman, Thomas, Lieut., do. 
Taylor, Nathan, do. do. 

Tuompson, Joshua, do. do. 

Thomas, John, Major-general, 

Mass. Died at Chambli, May 30, 

1776. 
Thomas, Joseph, Lieut. Colonel, 

New Hampshire. Killed at 

Bemis's Heights, Sept. 19, 1777. 
Turner, Jacob, Captain, N. C. 

Killed at Germantown, Oct. 4, 

1777. 
Templeman, Andrew, Captain, Ga. 

Killed at the siege of Charleston, 

May 12, 1780. 

Vose, Joseph, Colonel, Mass. 
Vose, Elijah, Lieut. Col., do. 
Vose, Thomas, Captain, do. 
Van Schaick, Goosse, Colonel, N. Y. 
Varick, Richard, Lieut. Col. and 

Mus. Mr. Gen., New York. 
Van Dyck, Corn., Lt. Col., N.York. 
Van Woert, Henry, Lt. and Qr. 

Mr., New York. 
Vosburg, Peter J., Captain, N Y. 
Van Rennselaer, Nicholas, Cap- 

t tin. New York. 
Vandeburg, Henry, Captain, N. Y. 
Van Rennselaer, Jeremiah, Lieut., 

New York. 
Vacher, John F., Surgeon, N. Y. 
Van Wolkenburg, Barth, Lt., do. 
Van Hovenbarach, Rudolph, Lt. 

New York. 
Van Wagener, Tunis, Lieut., N. Y. 
Vandeburg, Bartholomew, Lieut., 

New York. 



Van Home, David, Captain, N. Y. 

Van Wagener, Garret, Surg., Pa. 

Van Lear, William, Captain, do. 

Van Home, Isaac, do. do. 

Vernon, Frederick, Major, do. 

Von Heer, Bartholomew, do. do. 

Vernon, Job., Captain, do. 

Van Court, John, Lieutenant, do. 

Vaughan, Joseph, Lieut., Col., Del. 

Vaughan, Joseph, Captain, do. 

Vaughan, Claiborne, Surg. Mate, 
Virginia. 

Vanderwall, Marks, Lieut., Va. 

Van Metre, Joseph, do. do. 

Vance, Robert, do. do. 

Vance, John, Lieutenant, N. C. 

Vickers, Samuel, Surgeon, S. C. 

Van Brunne, John De La., Lieut., 
Md. Killed Sept. 12, 1781. 

Voorhees, Peter, Captain, New 
Jersey. Killed Oct. 26, 1779. 

Vaughan, William, Lieut., Dela- 
ware. Killed March 22, 1777. 

Van Vleiland, Cornelius, Lieuten- 
ant. Killed at the storming of 
Savannah, Oct. 9, 1779. 

Warner, Seth., Colonel, N. H. 
Wheatcomb, Benj., Major, do. 
Washburn, Azel, Surgeon, do. 
Walcott, Giles, Captain, do. 

Weare, Nathan, Lieutenant, do. 
Wilkins, Robert B., Lieut., N. H. 
Wesson, James, Colonel, Mass. 

Whitney, Daniel, Lt. Col., do. 

Whitewell, Sam., Surgeon, do. 

Warren, John, do. do. 

Wins'.ow, Nathaniel, Major, do. 

Wiley, John, do. do. 

Walker, Robert, Captain, do. 

Woodbridge, Chris., do. do. 

White, Hatfield, do. do. 

Williams, Abraham, do. do. 

Williams, John, do. do. 

White, Moses, do. do. 

Webb, George, do do. 

Wattles, Mason, do. do. 

Williams, Joseph, do. do. 

Watson, William, do. do. 

Wade, Abner, do. do. 

Wiggiesworth, Wm., do. do. 

Whitney, John, Lieutenant, do. 

White, Solomon, do. do. 

White, Edward, do. do. 



436 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAT. 



White, Henry, Lieutenant, Mass. 
Warren, Adriel, do. do. 

Wells, James, do. do. 

Williams, Robert, do. do. 

Williams, Eben., do. do. 

Warren, John, do. do. 

Walker, Edward, do. do. 

Willington, Elishu, do. do. 

Webber, Daniel, do. do. 

Wales, Joseph, do. do. 

Wilds, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Wells, Benjamin, do. do. 

Wing, Jonathan, Ensign, do. 
Warden, Joseph, do. do. 

Waterman, J edediah, do. do. 
Ward, Samuel, Lt. Col., R. Island. 
Wheaton, Joseph, Lieut., do. 
Welch, John, do. do. 

Webb, Samuel B., Colonel, Conn. 
Wyllis, Samuel, do. do. 

Watrous, John R., Surgeon, do. 

Woodbridge, Theod., Major, do. 

Wyllis, John P., do. do. 

Waldridge, Amos, do. do. 

Wright, Joseph A., do. do. 

Warner, Robert, do. do. 

Webb, John, Captain, do. 

Wadsworth, Elijah, do. do. 

Walker, Joseph, do. do. 

Webb, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Weed, Thaddeus, do. do. 

Wells, Roger, do. do. 

Williams, Sam. W„ do. do. 

Woolcut, Erastus, do. do. 

White, John, Lieut. do. 

Wilcox, Joseph, do. do. 

Whiting, Nath. H., do. do. 

Woodward, Peter, do. do. 

Whiting, Fred. J., do. do. 

Wetsell, Michael, do. do. 

Williams, Henry A., do. do. 

Wales, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Whitney, Joshua, do. do. 

Walmsley, William, Ensign, do. 

White, Anthony Walton,Col., N. Y. 

Weisenfels,Frederick, Lt. Col., do. 

Willett, Marinus, do. do. 

Wendell,Jacob H.,Lt.and Adj., do. 

Woodruff, Samuel, Surgeon, do. 

Woodruff, Henlock, do. do. 

Wendell, John H., Captain, do. 

Wright, Jacob, do. do. 

Welp, Anthony, do. do. 



Wright, Jotham, Lieutenant, N.T. 
Woodruff, Ephraim, do. do. 
AVeisenfels, Charles F., do. do. 
Willson, Robert, Ensign do. 

White, Andrew, Lieutenant, do. 
Wetherby, Benj., Captain, N. J. 
Weyman, Abel, do. do. 

Walker, George, Lieut., do. 
Whitlock, Ephraim, do. do. 

Wayne, Anthony, Brig.Gen., Penn. 
Weaver, Jacob, Captain, do. 
Woelper, John D., do. do. 

Wilkins, Robert, do. do. 

Wilson, James, do. do. 

Walker, Andrew, do. do. 

Wilson, William, do. do. 

Wilkins, John, Sur. Mate, do. 
Wharry, Robt., do. do, 

Weidman, John, Lieut., do. 
Weitzell, Jacob, do. do. 

Wigton, John, do. do. 

White, Francis, do. do. 

Ward, John, do. do. 

Webster, John B. do. do. 

Wilson, John, Captain, Delaware. 

Williams, Otho H.,Brig. Gen.,Md. 
Weltner, Lodowick, Colonel, do. 

Woolford, Thomas, do. do. 

Winder, Levin, Lieut. Col., do. 

Williams, Lylburn W., Capt., do. 

Watkins, Gassaway, do. do. 

Winchester, James, do. do. 

Waters, Richard, do. do. 

Warfleld, Walter, Surgeon, do. 

Wilkinson, Young,Lieutenant, do. 

Ware, Francis, do. do. 

Wilmott, Robert, do. do. 

Wright, Nathan, do. do. 

Winchester, George, do. do. 

Waring, Bazel, do. do. 

Weedon, Geo., Brig. Gen., Virginia. 

Woodford, Wm, do. do. 

Wood, James, Colonel, do. 

White, Anthony W., do. do. 

Washington, Wm., Lt. Col., do. 

Wallace,Gustavus B., do. do. 

Warmock, Frederick, do. do. 

Webb, John, do. do. 

Wagener, Andrew, Major, do. 

Willis, John, do. do. 

Wallace, James, Surgeon, do. 

West, Charles, Major, do. 

Woodson, Tarleton, do. do. 



FOREIGN OFFICERS. 



437 



Wright, James, Captain, Virginia. 

Watts, John, do. do. 

Woodson, Robert, do. do. 

Warman, Thomas, do. do. 

White, William, do. do. 

Williams, James, do. do. 

Wallace, James, Lieut., do. 

White, John, do. do. 

Worsham, Richard, do. do. 

Washington, Geo. A., do. do. 

Walters, Richard, do. do. 

Walker, David, do. do. 

Winlock, Joseph, do. do. 

Whiting, Francis, do. do. 

Wilson, Willis, do. do. 

Wallace, William B., do. do. 

Williams, David, do. do. 

Whittaker, William, do. do. 

Walton, William, Captain, N. Car. 

Williams, William, do. do. 

Williams, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Williamson, John, do. S. Car. 

Warley, George, do. do. 

Warley, Felix, do. do. 

Warley, Joseph, do. do. 

Wickley, John, do. do. 

Ward, John P., Lieutenant, do. 

Ward, William, do. do. 

Withers, William R., Ensign, do. 

Wright, John G.,Surgeon, Georgia. 

Wagnon, John P., Lieut., do. 

Warren, Joseph, Major Gen., Mass. 
Killed at Bunker Hill, June 17, 
1775. 

Wooster, David, Major Gen., Conn, 
Mortally wounded at the inva- 
sion of Danbury by Tryon's 
forces, April 27, 1777. Died May 
3, 1777. 

Wilmott, William, Captain, Md. 
Killed by a British foraging 
party in a skirmish on John's 



Island, S. C, Nov. 14, 1782. The 
blood of Capt. Wilmott was the 
last spilled in battle in the 
Revolution. 

Woodhull, Nathaniel, Gen., N. T. 
Died Sept. 20, 1776, from a wound 
received in battle on Long Is- 
land. 

Wilson, Jonathan, Captain, Mass. 
Killed at Concord, April 19, 1775. 

Walker, Benjamin, Capt. Killed 
at Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775. 

Wise. Samuel, Major, S. C. Killed 
at Savannah, Oct. 9, 1779. 

Witherspoon, James, Brigade-ma- 
jor. Killed at Germantown, Oct. 
4, 1777. 

Williams, Nathan, Lieut., Mary- 
land. Killed at Camden, Aug. 
16, 1780. 

Wallace, Andrew, Captain, "Vir- 
ginia. Killed at the battle of 
Guilford, March 15, 1781. 

Wilson, John, Lieutenant, Vir- 
ginia. Killed at Eutaw Springs, 
Sept. 8, 1781. 

Wait, Joseph, Lieutenant-colonel. 
Died Sept. 28, 1776. 

Webster, Amos, Lieutenant. Died 
Oct. 7, 1777. 

Whiting, Charles, Captain. Killed 
July 10, 1779. 

Yeomans, John, Lieutenant, Mass. 

Young, Joseph, Surgeon, N. Y. 

Young, Guy, Captain, do. 

Young, Marcus, Lieutenant, Penn. 

Yates, George, Surgeon's Mate,Va. 

Yancey, Leighton, Captain, do. 

Yancey, Robert, do. do. 

Young, Henry, do. do. 

Yarborough, Charles, Lieut., do. 

Yarborough, Edward, Capt., N. C. 



Foreign Officers in the Revolutionary Service of the 

United States. 
Baron De Kalb, of Germany. 
Killed at Camden, Aug. 16, 1780. 
Count Casimir Pulaski, of Lithu- 



ania in Poland. Killed at Savan- 
nah, Oct. 9, 1779. 



Lieut. Col. Baron De Boze, of Pul- 
aski's Legion. Killed at Egg 
Harbor, in 1778. 

Ferdinand J. S. De Brahm, Major 
of Engineers. 



438 



FOREIGN OFFICERS. 



Thaddeus Kosciusko, of Poland. 
Lewis Du Pontier, Captain. 
Le Bruu De Bellecour, Captain. 
Chevalier De Fontiveaux, Lieut. 
James Decatours, do. 

James McDougall, Cornet. 
Peter Raffencau, do. 
Charles Roth, Lieutenant. 
Felix Texier, Surgeon. 
Marquis De La Fayette, Maj. Gen. 
Count De Rochamheau, General- 
in-Chief. 
Count Deuxponts, Col. of Infantry. 



Duke De Lavel Montmorency, Col 

Count Caustine. Colonel. 

Duke De Lauzum, Col. of Cavalry. 

General Choizy. 

Viscount Viomenil, 

Marquis De St. Simon. 

Count Fersen, Aid- de-Camp. 

Count Charles Dumas. 

Marquis De Chastellux. 

Baron, De Viomenil. 

Count De Grasse, Admiral. 

Count De Barras, do. 

Count De Estaiug, do. 



REMARKS ON THE HALF-PAY ACTS.— THE RISE AND PROGRESS 
OE THE REVOLUTION.— THE END, ETC. 



On reference to the act of October 21, 1780, and other sub- 
sequent acts, it will be perceived that the Continental Congress 
created a national debt for the purpose of carrying on a war 
waged against the country for the purpose of bringing it into 
unconditional subjection to a foreign tyrant. This national 
debt was made due and payable to all military officers who 
would espouse the cause of the country, engage in the war, and 
continue therein to the end. 

The Revolutionary war, in opposition to the encroachments 
of Great Britain on the civil rights of the American Colonies, 
commenced on the 19th April, 1775, by the shedding of human 
blood at Lexington, in the State of Massachusetts, and finally 
closed with the evacuation of New York by the British, on the 
25th November, 1783. As the news of war spread with the velo- 
city of the hurricane, it roused the energies of the soul to the 
highest tone of feeling, and to deeds of the most lofty action. 
The lawgiver left the senate-house, the lawyer the court, the 
judge the bench, the mechanic his shop, the husbandman his 
plough, and rushed forward to the seat of danger; while the 
wild war-cry of vengeance took the wings of the tempest. 

The time had come when all must "hang together" in one 
common cause, or else "liang separately.''' 1 They hung together, 
cemented by the great principle, that, "Whenever any form of 
government becomes destructive of its ends, it is the right of 
the people to alter or abolish it." The bright star of victory 
led them onward and onward, through the dark shades of war, 
casting light and hope athwart the path of the war-worn Amer- 
ican soldier. 

On the 0th July, 1775, the Provincial Congress announced its 
intention to resist Great Britain in the following words : ''We 
are reduced to the alternative of choosing an unconditional 



440 ON THE HALF PAY ACTS, ETC. 

submission to the tyranny of wicked ministers, or resistance by 
force. The latter is our choice. We have counted the cost of 
this contest, and find nothing so dreadful as voluntary 
slavery." 

On the 4th of July, 1776, the same Congress, within hearing 
of the fierce thunders of war, declared that these United Colo- 
nies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent. But 
where now was the revenue of the country? How shall this 
infant nation procure the means of driving from her soil her 
cruel invaders ? A well-fed, numerous, and powerful foe were 
about taking possession of the strong-holds of the country to 
awe into subjection the patriot army. Commerce had already 
been driven from her harbors, and her vessels captured and 
plundered on the high seas. "Appealing to the Supreme Judge 
of the world for the rectitude of her intentions," she sent forth 
Commissioners "in the name and by the authority of the good 
people of these United Colonies" to negotiate loans from friendly 
powers, to replenish the military chests of the country, and 
provide the means of war. Means were provided, plans of 
operation were matured, the war went on, and patriots flocked 
to the standard. 

On the 16th September, 1776, Congress promised land. This 
encouraged enlistments, increased the ranks, and new light en- 
lightened the cause. This land, however, was promised for the 
services to the end of the war; but distant as the reward ap- 
peared, thousands, hoping to realize it, left private fortunes to 
suffer at home, and came up to the aid of the nation. 

The war progressed. Dark clouds often hung over and ob- 
scured the American cause. The patriot army were often 
found fleeing before a dark and powerful British host, yet sul- 
len and dangerous in its flight. By deeds of daring, sanguin- 
ary battles, and miraculous escapes from destruction, the Amer- 
ica! army, still bearing her cause in characters of blood on her 
banners, reached the eventful period of 1780. 



ON THE HALF-PAY ACTS, ETC. 441 

In the spring of this year, a great portion of the army, whose 
terms of enlistment for three years had expired, were about to 
leave the army, and abandon the cause of liberty as hopeless. 
Time had not yet obliterated the remembrance of the gloomy 
encampment at Valley Forge. Traitors were abroad in the 
land, who, with the insidious tory, conducted fearful conspira- 
cies against the cause of liberty. Officers could not maintain 
themselves with proper decency in the service, and resigna- 
tions, actual and threatened, were frequent, much dreaded, and 
deplored. The enemy, ever vigilant and active, conspired to 
weaken and thin the American ranks by encouraging desertion. 
The arch traitor and prototype of the infamous Catiline, had 
raised his arm to blast forever, with one fell swoop, the strug- 
gling germ of liberty in America ; but the "Supreme Judge of 
the world," to whom the voice of patriotism had ascended for 
the justice of its intentions, in mercy averted the blow, and 
hurled the fiend and his foul instrumentality in fury down, and 
the same army, which had been made the devoted object of 
destruction, halted at Tappan, and suspended between Heaven 
and earth the deluded instrument by which the downfall of 
liberty had been attempted. 

Amid those impending evils, the Commander-in-Chief, pro- 
lific in expedients, suggested a remedy as follows : "I have no 
scruple in declaring that I most firmly believe the independence 
of the United States never will be established till there is an 
army on foot for the war.'''' 

On the 21st of October, 1780, seventeen days after those words 
were penned, Congress resolved : "That the officers who shall 
continue in service to the end of the war shall be entitled to 
half -pay during life, to commence with the time of their reduc- 
tion. Here Congress entered into a solemn contract with the 
officers of the army, and on the faith of the Colonies therein 
represented, created a national debt, which could not be an- 
nulled, or discharged by any subsequent legislation, except by 
an act giving a full and perfect equivalent for the half- pay for 
life. As the value of an annual salary cannot be calculated in the 



442 CN THE HALF-PAY ACTS, ETC. 

lifetime of the annuitant, no equivalent therefore can be rend- 
ered for it. Some officers did by their memorial solicit a com- 
mutation of their half pay for an equivalent, but Congress, by 
its act of March 22, 1783, reserved to itself the power of deter- 
mining that equivalent ; and as no equivalent could be equit- 
ably calculated, the memorial of the officers should have 
been rejected, as a proposition admitting of no equitable 
grounds of action. The officers asked for a fish, but Congress 
gave them a stone. They received as the commutation of their 
half pay securities on interest, which they supposed to be a fish, 
but when offered for sale, brought only the price of a stone, and 
therefore must have been the equivalent of a stone. It is true 
the officer thankfully received his commutation certificate, 
thinking that in the worst view of the case he ought to get for 
it the full value, less the interest, that would accrue. But Con- 
gress fixed no time for the payment of those certificates. The 
officer carried about in his pocket a certificate from the Conti- 
nental treasury stating that five years' full pay, with interest, 
from November 4, 1783, was due him, which he offered for sale. 
But, says the capitalist, when is it to be paid, and by whom ? 
Some military leader may spring up and plunge the country 
into another war. The stock is unsafe. 

These certificates, immediately after their issue, sank in value, 
and at once reached a depreciation of eight dollars for one in 
specie ; and from the close of the war in 1783 to the organization 
of the government under the new constitution in 1787, no man 
could tell how or when those certificates were to be redeemed. 
In 1790 and 1791, they were funded in a stock bearing three per 
cent, interest, and were finally paid in full by the government, 
but not until the officer had lost all his interest in them, by cir- 
cumstances brought about by the condition of his country, over 
which he could have no control. 

As the commutation act of March 22, 1783, was a failure, and 
did not discharge any legal obligations entered into by Con- 
gress, it therefore becomes the duty of the country to revive the 
half-pay acts of the Continental Congress, and restore to the 



ON THE HALF-PAT ACTS, ETC. 443 

revolutionary officer, his heirs, or legal representatives, the ben- 
efits of the original contracts. Petitions for the revival of these 
half-pay acts have been before Congress ever since 1790. Con- 
gress having restored some officers to the benefits of the act of 
October 21, 1780, by special acts of August 11, 1790, and subse- 
quently, a precedent is formed for the others. But it may be 
said that the act of August 11, 1790, was a pension act alone. 
This could not have been the case with respect to officers who 
served to the end of the war, for all officers, as well as privates, 
under the numerous general acts prior to the act of 1790, were 
entitled to pensions for wounds received in the service accord- 
ing to their degree of disability, and no special legislation was 
therefore necessary, except to revive the act of October 2), 1780, 
and require the recipient of its benefits to refund the amount of 
commutation awarded him by the provisions of the act of March 
22, 1783. 

Many officers and privates, per special acts from 1790 to 1800, 
and subsequently were placed on the pension rolls, but it will 
be observed at once that officers who served to the end of the 
war, were not, by the spirit of the law, really pensioned, but 
restored to their half-pay by refunding their commutation. 
This was done because the degree of disability of the officer 
would not, under the existing invalid pension laws of the day, 
entitled him to an annual rate of pension equal to his half-pay. 
He therefore petitioned to be restored to his half-pay by 
refunding his commutation, because this was more beneficial 
to him than would have been the pension to which he would 
have been entitled under existing laws. 

It, of course, is admitted that to invalids alone the acts of 
1790 restored the half-pay, but it must be seen that the invalid 
officer had pension laws in his favor, and sometimes sums of 
money grant* d him, while the other officers had nothing to 
lean upon for the least aid. The invalid officer, therefore, 
while pension laws existed in his favor, had no more right to a 
restoration of his half-pay than another who had not been 
wounded in the service. All the officers and privates were 



444 ON THE HALF-PAY ACTS, ETC. 

seriously disabled in the service, and were disqualified from 
returning to the pursuit of peaceful occupations after the hard- 
ships of an eight years' war, with any of the advantage and 
success which they previously enjoyed. 

In the spring of 1808 the subject of the revival of the half-pay 
acts of the old Congress was earnestly agitated. Circulars 
were sent through the country, bearing the signatures of dis- 
tinguished Revolutionary officers, which formed the basis of a 
general petition to Congress in 1810, from which the following 
is gathered: "By a resolution of Congress, passed the 11th of 
August, 1779, it was ordained, 'That the half-pay provided by 
the resolution of the 15th of May, 1778, be extended to continue 
for life ;' and on the 22d March, 1783, it was resolved, 'That such 
officers as are now in service, and shall continue therein to the 
end of the war, shall be entitled to receive the amount of five 
years' of full pay in money or securities on interest at six per 
cent, per annum, as Congress shall find most convenient, 
instead of the half-pay for life.' 

"The circumstances under which the proposal of commuta- 
tion originated and was partially acceded to, the desperate 
state of public credit, and the imperious necessity which com- 
pelled many of the holders of certificates of public debt to part 
with them at a price far below their nominal value, are too well 
known to require a recapitulation. 

"That the benevolent intentions of the Congress of 1779 have 
not been realized, that many meritorious officers, bowed down 
with infirmities and advanced in years are now struggling with 
adversity, are facts so notorious as of late to attract the public 
attention. 

'So equitable is the claim on the honor and faith of Govern- 
ment to make good the original promise ; so great the zeal lat- 
terly displayed in Congress on this interesting subject, and so 
ample are the means of full remuneration, that it has been 
deemed proper by a number of Revolutionary officers, to call 
the attention of their brethren in the several States, and to 
suggest the expediency of a memorial on the subject being pre- 



ON THE HALF-PAT ACTS, ETC. 445- 

pared in each State, circle, or district, during the recess of Con- 
gress, to be presented to the Senate and House of Representa- 
tives as soon as circumstances "will permit after their next 
meeting." 

This language bears the signatures of no less distinguished 
officers than Colonel Stephen Bayard, Colonel Isaac Craig, and 
Surgeon William Magaw, of the Pennsylvania Line, and Capt. 
Adamson Tannehill, of Maryland, and speaks forth a true his- 
tory of the times not to be misunderstood. 

There has not been a session of Congress in the history of the 
Government under the New Constitution, at which the subject 
of the restoration of the half-pay acts of the old Congress has 
not been brought up in some shape or other; and at the first 
session of the thirty-fourth Congress, the following bill in sub- 
stance, for the restoration of the half-pay for life, passed the 
House of Representatives, but was lost in the Senate at the 
second session : 

"An Act to provide for the Settlement of the Claims of the Offi- 
cers of the Revolutionary Army, and of the Widows and 
Orphan Children of those who died in the Service. 

"Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the 
officers of the army of the Revolution, who were entitled to 
half-pay for life under the resolutions of Congress of the 3d and 
21st of October, 1780, the 17th of January, 1781, the 8th of May, 
1781, and the 8th of March, 1785, shall be entitled to receive the 
same, although such officer may have received, in lieu thereof, 
the commutation of full pay for five years, under the resolution 
of Congress of the 22d of March, 1783. 

"Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty 
of the proper accounting officer of the Treasury, when applied 
to for that purpose by any one who by this act is entitled to re- 
ceive, or his or her guardian, to ascertain what is due to such 
officer, from the time he became entitled to the said half-pay 
until his death, if that occurred before the 3d day of March, 



446 ON THE HALF PAY ACTS, ETC. 

1826 ; but if he died after that time, then up to the 3d day of 
March, 1826. 

"Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of 
the Secretary of the Treasury, when the amount due to an offi- 
cer has been ascertained, as aforesaid, to pay the same, as here- 
inafter directed, after deducting therefrom the amount received 
for commutation, under the resolution of the 22d of March, 1783. 

"Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the benefit of the 
resolution of the 24th of August, 1780, shall be extended to the 
widows and orphan children of all officers who died in the 
service at any period during the war of the Revolution, whether 
such officers belonged to the Continental Line, or to any volun- 
teer corps called into service under the authority of any State, 
but no payment shall be made under this clause, except to the 
widows and orphan children of such deceased officers. 

"Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That Surgeons' Mates 
shall be entitled to the benefit of the resolution of the 17th of 
January, 1781, and receive the same pay as hospital physicians 
and surgeons. 

" Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty 
of the Secretary of War, under the direction, and with the 
approbation of the President of the United States, to prescribe 
such rules of evidence as may be necessary to carry into effect 
the provisions of this act, according to its true intent and 
meaning. 

" Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That all payments made 
by authority of this act shall be without interest. 

"Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That in every case the 
said accounting officer, before he shall order any claim to be 
paid, shall require satisfactory proof that the person or persons, 
in whose name the same may be presented, is or are the bona 
fide owner or owners thereof, and that the claim has not been 
sold, transferred, peldged, or mortgaged, or any part thereof, 
to any person or persons, whomsoever ; and all sales, transfers, 



ON THE HALF-PAY ACTS, ETC. 447 

mortgages, or pledges of any such claims are hereby declared 
void, and of no effect whatever. 

" Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That this act shall not 
extend to the case of any officer, or his representatives, who 
have received half-pay for life under any special act of Con- 
gress. 

" Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That all persons who 
apply and receive the benefit of this act, shall receive the same 
in full satisfaction of all claims under any of the resolutions of 
Congress hereinbefore recited, and for all losses alleged to have 
been sustained by depreciation in the value of the certificates 
received as commutation under the resolution of Congress of 
the 22d of March, 1783. 

Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That all claims which 
shall be allowed under the 1st and 5th Sections of^this act shall 
be paid to the officer, if alive, and if he be dead, to his widow 
and children equally, and if there be no widow living, then to 
his child, children, or grand-children— the issue of any deceased 
child taking among them the share of their deceased parent— 
and to no other persons. 

Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That this act shall con- 
tinue and be of force for the term of ten years, and no longer, 
and all claims not presented, with the evidence, for their 
adjudication within that time shall be forever barred." 

On reference to the preceding list of Continental officers who 
died in service, and who continued in service to the end of the 
war. the names of those officers whose heirs are entitled to the 
benefits of the preceding bill will be seen ; and should the bill 
pass Congress and become a law, they, or any other persons 
interested for them, may determine their claim, on reference to 
the rank of the officen, and to the pay-table of the Continental 
army, given in a preceding page. 

The acts of the Continental Congress to which the 1st, 4th, 
and 5th Sections of this bill refer are given in this work ; and 
in. order to understand the 2d Section, it will be necessary to 



448 ON THE HALF-PAY ACTS, ETC. 

quote an act of Congress approved May 15, 1828, which is as 
follows : 

" Be it enacted, by the Senate and House of Representative* <>f 
the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That each 
of the surviving officers of the army of the Revolution, in the 
Continental Line, who was entitled to half-pay by the resolve 
of October 21, 1780, be authorized to receive, out of any money 
in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, the amount of his 
full pay in said line, according to his rank in the line, to begin 
on the 3d day of March, 1826, and to continue during his natural 
life : Provided, That under this act no officer shall be entitled 
to receive a larger sum than the full pay of a captain in said 
line." 

Attorney- general Wirt, in his opinion under date of the 12th 
of February, 1825, fixes the close of the Revolutionary war at 
the ratification of the definitive treaty of peace, April 23, 1783.; 
but in the adjustment of commutation claims under act March 
22, 1783, originating in the act of October 21, 1780, the war is con- 
sidered as having closed with the final disbanding of the troops, 
November 3, 1783, and consequently the five years' full pay re- 
ferred to in the act of March 22, 1783, commenced November 4, 
1783. Five years' full pay being equal to ten years' half-pay, 
the officers by their commutation certificates received their ten 
years' half-pay from November 4, 1783, to November 4, 1793, there- 
fore the half pay bill pending in Congress proposes to give the 
officer his half-pay from November 4, 1793, where the commuta- 
tion certificate dropped him, to March 3, 1826, where the act of 
May 15, 1828, took him up— or it proposes to give him his half-pay 
from November 4, 1783, to March 3, 1826, deducting his five years' 
full pay or ten years' half-pay per act March 22, 1783. It must, 
however, be recollected, that where the officer died before March 
3, 1826, his heirs will only receive his half-pay from November 4. 
1793, to the day of his death ; and when the officer died between 
November 4, 1783, and November 4, 1793, his heirs will receive 
nothing, because the commutation certificate has covered the 



ON THE HALF PAY ACTS, ETC. 449 

whole period. But it is the meaning and spirit of the pending 
bill as expressed in the report which accompanies it, that the 
half pay of the officer shall commence from the time of his re- 
duction, which means the time he quit the service. Many offi- 
cers were reduced and retired from the service, or became super- 
numerary under the various arrangements of the army from 1778 
to 1783, so that, if the officer died at any period within ten 
years after the time of his reduction, his heirs are not now enti- 
tled to anything, for, as before stated, the commutation certifi- 
cate has covered the ground. 

Section 4 of the bill will be almost, if not entirely inoperative, 
for there are at this day but few relicts of officers who lost their 
lives prior to 1 782. Some children may be found. This section, 
it will be seen, is not confined to Continental officers alone, like 
the others, but gives the pay to the officers of any corps called 
into service by the authority of any State, such as militia, &c. 
If any officer, living at the passage of the act of May 15, 1828, 
was not entitled to pension under that act, his heirs will have 
no claim under this bill should it become a law ; because the 
said bill and the act of 1828 both have their foundation in the 
half-pay acts of the Continental Congress. But should Con- 
gress, instead of the whole amount of the commutation certifi- 
cate, determine to deduct what it sold for only, then all will get 
something. 

Senator Crittenden, of Kentucky, on the subject of the bill in 
question, and relative to the act of March 22, 1783, remarks: 
"What was the condition of the government when it made this 
proposition to the officers? They came out of the war victorious 
and naked. They came out of the war triumphant and penni- 
less. The government was in no condition to execute its obliga- 
tions. Promises of half-pay they could not satisfy. They 
sought for themselves some little exemption and procrastina- 
tion of this obligation by giving the promise of full pay for five 
years, the payment of the principal to be postponed for ten 
years. By these hopes your needy, naked, and hungry officers, 
as many of them were, were tempted to accept the terms.— 



450 ON THE HALF PAY ACTS, ETC. 

They have received the commutation. If they give credit for 
that on the account, when you become able and prosperous, 
where is there any restraint in the Constitution to prevent your 
satisfying your sense of moral obligation by paying the full 
balance ? Is it no debt, because it is not recoverable by law ? 
No national debt is recoverable by law. The creditor must 
depend on the sovereignty and on the gratitude of the govern- 
ment. It is to measure its own obligation. There is no legal 
tribunal before which you could go and drag this nation to 
answer. Your courts of law have decided that, as to a debt 
barred, and tohich is no longer one of legal obligation, if the 
party promise to pay it, the previous debt, barred though it be, is 
an ample consideration for the subsequent promise. That was 
your condition. You were unable to pay, as you had promised, 
half-pay for life ; you gave something like security for a smaller 
sum. Your honest creditor accepted it. You have paid that ; 
and if you feel any moral obligation to do so, you are able to 
pay the balance. Will you do it ? It is not a case of mere 
gratuity, certainly, nor a case of a mere debt of gratitude. That 
is not it ; it is a money obligation, which, under your invitation, 
your creditor departed from, and took for it that which was not 
an ample consideration— that which was not a fair equivalent. 
Half pay for life was given up for full-pay for five years. Now, 
when the government is rich and prosperous, and abundantly 
able to pay, the House of Representatives, at least, have said, 
'We will settle with these men fairly ; we will credit them for 
the sum they received as full pay for five years, and if there be 
any of the half-pay for life due to any of them, we will pay 
that.' I say this is not a gratuity. There was a moral obliga- 
tion, to satisfy this debt of the Revolution. It was out of that 
we derived our very being as an independent sovereign govern- 
ment. We may well look back on all the transactions of that 
day as somewhat more hallowed than the ordinary transactions 
of life, or even the ordinary transactions of government. It was 
a sacred generation; a day sacred to liberty. Everything be- 



ON THE HALF-PAY ACTS, ETC. 451 

longing to it ought to be sanctified in our view and to our 
feelings. 

" I beg gentlemen to recollect that it was under a resolution of 
1783 that this commutation of five years' full pay was accepted ; 
and it was ten years from that time before the principal became 
due. What was the condition of those certificates during that 
time ? The country was under the government of the Confed- 
eration, a weak and feeble government, impoverished, without 
power and without means. What was to be its destiny the 
wisest men could not tell-the wisest could not foresee ; and the 
humblest and the most uniformed might well dread its termina- 
tion-its falling to pieces from mere inability and want of 
cohesion at any time. They accepted these certificates, payable 
ten years afterwards. Of credit it had none. What was the 
value of a certificate payable ten years afterwards upon such 
a security ? Could prompt payment be calculated upon at the 
time it fell due? Was it calculated upon, or did these certifi- 
cates depreciate to a mere nominal value ? They did so depre- 
ciate. What was the needy soldier to do? He was no longer 
in the army; his means consisted in his certificate, perhaps 
nothing or little else. What was he to do with it, and what did 
he in point of fact do with it? Nine out of ten sold these certifi- 
cates for a nominal price. They were afterwards funded by 
the government, to be sure, after the adoption of the present 
Constitution ; but during that term of ten years they depre- 
ciated day by day, and were sold for what the poor officer 
could get for them." 

"George Washington," says Senator Seward, of New York, 
" by temper, knowledge, and impartiality, wa,s qualified to be 
witness, advocate, and umpire between the officers of the army 
of the Revolution and the American government and people. 
In all human history, he is the only man who could acceptably 
fill and discharge the duties of these conflicting characters. 
I have therefore abstained from drawing into the case any facts 
or arguments, or authorities, other than those derived from his 
own immortal words. Standing on them, I claim that the half- 



452 ON THE HALF-PAT ACTS, ETC. 

pay for life pledged to the officers was a debt, a just debt, a 
constitutional one, with all the attributes of a common debt — 
a debt of honor and of gratitude, the equivalents of which were 
the blood of the officers and the independence of the country ; 
that it was a perpetual debt, therefore, which could never be 
cancelled until it was fully and fairly paid. It was not fully 
and fairly paid by the promise of commutation ; which promise 
was never executed, nor attempted to be executed, until after 
nine years' procrastination, in no degree resulting from any 
fault of the officers, but solely from the misfortunes and embar- 
rassments of the country which was the debtor ; and that when 
the attempt to execute it was then made, the payment made 
reached only those brokers who had speculated in the ruin of the 
officers, and not the officers themselves, who were the creditors. 
" I reject the idea of a contract or bargain between the credi- 
tors and the country in the transaction of commutation, for 
there was no equality of position or advantage between the 
parties. Their relations were reversed. The army had been 
the defenders of the country— the country had now become the 
protector and guardian of the army. I agree that the embar- 
rassments of the country excused it from paying or sustaining 
the commutation certificates nine years, and that it did widely 
and well in then paying them to the holders ; but the debt 
being one of gratitude and honor, it remained, nevertheless, 
and remained doe to the officers who, under the pressure of 
poverty, resulting from the public distress— not any fault of 
their own— had sold their certificates for nominal values. The 
obligation to pay the officers, or to reimburse them to the 
extent of their annuities for life, revived with the renewed or 
restored ability and strength of the country. In the blaze of 
the revolutionary light now thrown upon the subject, the sub- 
tilties and refinements which have obscured and perplexed it 
disappear; such as this, that equal debts are due to other 
classes of officers more meritorious than those now to be paid ; 
that equal debts are due to the militia and to the common 
creditors of the country ; that it ought to be paid, not to the 



ON THE HALF-PAY ACTS, ETC. 453 

children of the officers, but to the officers themselves ; and if to 
children, then equally to grandchildren, when children do not 
survive ; and that it ought to be paid neither to the officers nor 
to the children, but to the creditors ; and that some persons 
who are rich and great will be made richer by an act whose 
general operation will be to benefit and bless the poor and 
lowly, and that some of the officers who, in the person of their 
children, will be the recipients of this benefaction, were per- 
sonally unworthy, and that agents and speculators will profit 
by it. The bill stands on the policy established by Washington, 
after a full trial of opposing theories and speculations. 

"So far as practicable, consistently with reconciling conflict- 
ing objections, the bill is guarded against alleged abuses and 
dangers. Either these claims stand on the basis of a moral ob- 
ligation which imperatively requires the assumption of Con- 
gress, or they stand on the basis of a debt actually existing, 
but needing provision for its payment. In either case Congress 
may rightfully direct the discharge of the obligation or the 
debt in the manner most agreeable to equity and good con- 
science. To those, if there be any, who cannot consent to pay 
these claims, amounting in the aggregate to two and a half 
millions, because they fear that many others will remain un- 
paid, I recall the sorrow of Lord Bacon on a similar occasion : 
'Would to God that 1 were hooded, that I saw less, or that I 
could perform more, for now I see occasion of service, but can- 
not fly, because I am tied to another fist.' To those, if any, 
who shall object the lapse of time, I reply, in the language of 
one who, though he had served his king too well, and was 
starving on his unperformed engagements, was rebuked for un- 
reasonable importunity : 'Your good promises sleep, which it 
may seem now no time to awaken, but that I do not find any 
general calendar of observation of time serveth for a court.' To 
those, if there be such, who know no policy in the finance of a 
free country always prosperous and rich because always at 
peace, but that parsimony which unjustly confiscates in civil 
administration that it may have the necessary means for war 



454 THE UNITED STATES COURT OP CLAIMS. 

and oppression, I beg leave to say, that it was justly held in 
Rome that a State was contained in two words, prcemium and 
poena, and that this principle has come to be a part of our own 
religion by our acceptance of the precept which teaches that 
governors are sent by the Supreme Ruler for the punishment of 
evil doers, and for the praise of them that do well. 

"Mr. President, we have framed statues of brass and iron 
which present Washington to the beholder as a general, as a 
statesman, as a magistrate, and as a citizen. We have pierced 
the skies with monuments of marble and of granite in honor of 
his name. We have imposed it upon villages, towns, cites, a 
State, and a capital that is becoming the glory of the world ; 
but, if I do not altogether mistake his genius, the fulfilment of 
his predictions and promises, — made when he was taking leave 
of the companions of his labors and sufferings, that this coun- 
try would be just, and would ultimately redeem the pledges it 
had given them, — will be more acceptable to his serene and'aw- 
ful shade than all the tributes which have been paid, and all 
that are yet to be paid, by a redeemed nation and a grateful 
world." 



THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 

Half-pay claims, under the various resolutions of the Conti- 
uental Congress have been, and now are being prosecuted in 
the United States Court of claims, sitting at Washington, ever 
since its establishment by Congress, and interest is charged by 
the claimants per act June 3, 1784, on each annual payment of 
the half-pay for life, as it fell due during the life of tne officer, 
and on the whole thus due at the time of his death up to the 
present time, or until payment is made by the government. 

The first case tried in this court on this principle, was that 
of the heirs of Surgeon Absalom Baird, of Pennsylvania, who 
was a surgeon in Colonel Jeduthan Baldwin's Corps of Arti- 
ficers, and furnishes the most interesting and important infor- 



THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 455 

mation to the heirs of all the officers of the medical department 
and the different corps of artificers of the Revolutionary army, 
and establishes an important precedent relating to the great 
question of Revolutionary half-pay, which is at this time en- 
gaging the attention of the whole country. 

The facts in the case, found among the papers filed in the 
court, are as follows : 

That Absalom Baird was a commissioned surgeon in the army 
of the Revolution, and by acts of Congress, particularly that of 
January 17, 1781, became entitled to half-pay for life and other 
emoluments. 

That his regiment was dissolved, and he was discharged from 
service on the 29th of March, 1781 ; and his stipulated annuity 
commenced running on that day. 

That, as amounts became due, he made immediate and fre- 
quent applications to the proper officers for payment, and was 
denied. 

That, by the laws and regulations of the old Congress, interest 
was allowed on all claims and to all creditors of the United 
States, from the time that sums became due. 

That Dr. Baird, therefore, ought of right to have received his 
accruing half-pay, and interest upon any amounts refused or 
withheld. 

That, by the commutation act, passed March 22, 1783, it was 
provided that the officers shall have, at the end of the war, five 
years 1 full pay, in lieu of half-pay for life, in money or securities. 

That, by this new contract Dr. Baird became entitled, not only 
to the arrears of half-pay then due him, but also to five years' 
full pay, being the granted commutation of his half-pay for life. 

That he was denied the benefit of this substitution. Payment 
was refused, and after repeated demands, and continued efforts 
with the accounting officers, he at length, on the 28th of Janu- 
ary, 1794, presented his petition to Congress for relief. The case 
was continued without action by the House until December 21, 
1796, when it was ordered that Dr. Baird have leave to with- 
draw his petition. 



4/50 THE UNITED STATES COURT OP CLAIMS. 

That the claim was never abandoned, nor was there any laches 
or unreasonable delay in the prosecution of it. 

That Dr. Baird removed to Western Pennsylvania, and there 
died, in October, 1805. 

That the claim was continued to be prosecuted by his children, 
but no action could be had until June 23, 1830, when an act was 
passed granting five years' full pay as commutation, but without 
interest. 

That under this law $2400 were paid, but the petitioners 
believing that a large sum was still due, on the 12th of December, 
1837, presented themselves again to Congress, praying further 
and full relief. 

That on the 9th of February, 1855, a bill granting the heirs of 
Dr. Baird the sum of |16,230, in full of arrears of pay due to 
them for the services of their said ancestor, was reported in 
their favor. 

That the said bill did not pass into a law, and has been re- 
ferred by a resolution of Congress to this honorable court, for 
the purpose of an examination into the merits and legal validity 
of the claim. 

That the half-pay of Dr. Baird was the sum of $240 per annum, 
receivable at the end of every year. If not discharged upon de- 
mand, at the time when payable, interest upon the amount due 
was the legal compensation to the creditor. Not only universal 
custom, but positive law, in all commercial countries, has estab- 
lished this principle. 

That the proper distinction between grasping usury and fixed 
interest is well settled and understood. 

That the first act of Parliament limiting the rate per cent, in 
England, was passed in 1 540, near the close of the reign of Henry 
VIII. Since that time, with a short interval, in which supersti- 
tion revived, the whole matter has been subject to statutory 
regulations. In fact, it may be considered doubtful, whether 
always, at common law, compensation for the '■''detainer' 1 ' 1 of 
money was not allowed as damages. One authority (2d Black- 
stone's Reports, page 701) may be referred to as most brief in its 



THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 457 

terms : " Interest is due upon all liquidated sums from the time 
the principal becomes due and payable." 

That the revolutionary government has always acted upon 
this just basis; and the United States since, in the case of the 
Virginia officers, gave a pertinent example, in the act of July 5, 
1832, by directing, " to be paid to those officers, or their repre- 
sentatives, interest upon each year's half -pay, from the time the 
same became due.' 1 '' 

That, assuming this rule of justice and upright policy to be 
clearly established, the following exhibit is made : From March 
29, 1781, to October 20, 1805, the day of Dr. Baird's death, the 
total of his half-pay then due would amount to more than 
$5280, and the interest accrued on the yearly deferred payments 
would be $4150; making an aggregate of debt, at that time, of 
$10,030, by the terms of the government contract, expressed in 
the resolutions, and according to the settled rules of computa- 
tion. 

That death closed this annuity on the 20th October, 1805; and 
at the date of that event, the representatives of Dr. Baird had 
an immediate right to this sum, by the laws of the laud. With 
merely simple interest current, up to June 23, 1836, it would 
amount to $28,485; and deducting $2400, allowed by the act of 
that date, would still leave $2(3,085 then fairly due. 

That in Thorndike vs. United Statec, Justice Story observes: 
"If the present were a contract between private citizens, there 
can be no doubt that the court would be bound to give interest 
upcn the contract up to the time of payment ; and if by law the 
amount due on the contract could be pleaded as a tender or a 
set-off to a private debt, it would be a good bar in the full extent 
of the principal and interest due at the time of such tender or 
set off. Nay, more ; if the note or promise were made by a citizen 
to the government, the latter might enforce its claim to the like 
extent. Can it make any difference, in the construction of the 
contract, that the government is the debtor instead of the credit- 
or ? In reason and equity it ought to make none, and there is not 
a scintilla of law to justify any. If a suit could be maintained 



458 THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 

against the government, I do not perceive why it would not be 
as much the duty of the court to render judgment in such suit, 
for the principal and the interest, in the same manner and to 
the same extent as it would in the case of a private citizen.— 
The United States have no prerogative to claim one law upon 
their own contracts as creditors and another as debtors. If, as 
creditors, they are entitled to interest, as debtors they are bound 
also to pay it." 

That Attorney- general Wirt says : "Interest is in the nature 
of damages for withholding money which the party ought to 
pay, and would not or could not;" and in this brief sentence is 
contained the main point of the case now presented to this 
honorable court. 

That it is claimed, that from and after March 29, 1781, the 
day on which he was reduced, Dr. Baird was entitled by govern- 
mental contract to half-pay during his life, payable at the end 
of every year ; and according to the rule directed by the act of 
July 5, 1832, in the case of the Virginia officers or their represen- 
tatives, with interest on each year's half-pay from the time the 
same became due. 

In the above light the case came up before the court for a 
trial, the Solicitor of the court, on the part of the "United 
States, at the same time filing his opposing brief, and after the 
arguments on both sides, the case was submitted, and Chief- 
justice Gilchrist delivered the following opinion of the court : 

The petitioner alleges that his father, Dr. Absalom Baird, was 
a commissioned surgeon in the army of the Revolution, and in 
that capacity was entitled by law to half-pay for life, and other 
emoluments. 

Whether this allegation be true, is the first inquiry in the 
case. 

It is not denied that he was a surgeon of a regiment of artifi- 
cers, and was discharged from the service, upon the reduction 
of his regiment, on the 29th of March, 1781. 

Whether this corps constituted a part of the army, so as to 
entitle the surgeon, upon its reduction to half-pay for life, is a 



THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 450 

point to be determined by an examination into the manner in 
which it was considered by the legislative authority at the 
time, and into the language of the resolution upon the subject. 

The resolution of September 30, 1780, provides for "the pay 
and establishment of the officers of the Hospital Department 
and Medical Staff, 1 ' and specifies the pay of the director, chief 
physicians, and surgeons of the army and hospitals, purveyor 
and apothecary, physicians and surgeons of the hospitals, as- 
sistant purveyors and apothecaries, regimental surgeons, sur- 
geons' mates in the hospitals, surgeons' mates in the army, and 
ste ward and wardmaster for each hospital . As Dr. Baird rendered 
medical services to the United States, and in their employ, and in 
a position, at least, connected with the army, and as this was the 
only provision for the payment for medical services, and as he 
was entitled to compensation, he would seem to be necessarily 
included in the class of "regimental surgeons," particularly if 
there be any thing to corroborate this view of the case. 

"We think it cannot be denied that Dr. Baird was an "officer," 
and the resolution of the 21st of October, 1780, provides that the 
"officers reduced" shall be entitled to "half pay for life." This 
resolution had regard to the reform of the army, which was to 
take place on the 1st of January, 1781. Subsequent to this 
date, on the 17th of January, a resolution was passed, the 
preamble to which is as follows: "Whereas, by the plan for 
conducting the hospital department, passed in Congress the 
30th day of September last, no proper establishment is provided 
for the officers of the medical staff, after their dismission from 
the public service, which, considering the customs of other 
nations, and the late provision made for the officers of the 
army, after the conclusion of the war, they appear to have a 
just claim to ; for remedy whereof, and for amending several 
parts of the above-mentioned plan," it was provided that all 
officers in the hospital department and medical staff, herein- 
after mentioned, who shall continue in service to the end of the 
war, or be reduced before that time as supernumeraries, shall 
be entitled to receive during life, in lieu of half-pay, the follow- 



400 THE UNITED STATeS COURT OF CLAIMS. 

ing allowance, &c. It was then provided that "regimental sur- 
geons' 1 should receive an allowance equal to half-pay of a cap- 
tain. It is not at all probable that Congress intended to ex- 
clude from the benefit of this resolution the surgeon of the corps 
of artificers. Still, in order to entitle Dr. Baird to half- pay for 
life, he must be brought fairly within the class of regimental 
surgeons by reason of his connection with this corps. On the 
12th of November, 1779, Congress resolved "that the eleven 
companies of artificers raised by the Quartermaster-general be 
reformed and incorporated and arranged in such a manner as 
the Commander-in-Chief shall deem proper." On the 3d of Oc- 
tober, 1780, a resolution was passed providing for the reduction 
of certain regiments on the first of January then next, and that 
after that day the regular army of the United States should con- 
sist of "four regiments of cavalry or light-dragoons, four regi- 
ments of artillery, forty-nine regiments of infantry, and one 
regiment of artificers;" and that the regiment of artificers should 
consist of eight companies, and each company of sixty non- 
commissioned officers and privates. 

These resolutions appear to us to be entirely conclusive. We 
do not see how any doubt can remain on the subject. This 
body of artificers is called a regiment, and is declared to be a 
part of the regular army. The surgeon of it, therefore, is a 
regimental surgeon, and if any thing more be necessary in order 
to constitute him such, we are at a loss to understand what it 
can be. 

If these views be correct, as we think they are, when the 
regiment was reduced on the 29th of March, 1781, the surgeon 
of the regiment had a right to half-pay for life, which no subse- 
quent legislation by Congress could, upon any principle of j ustice 
or legal reasoning, take away from him. It was a right earned 
by meritorious services, and conferred upon him in considera- 
tion of the sacrifice of his time and his talents for the good of 
the cause all had at heart. To say that any subsequent or 
declaratory legislation by Congress, as to the character of this 
corps, could deprive Dr. Baird of his half-pay to which he was 



THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 461 

entitled, would be to declare, not only that the precedents which 
a sense of justice had established in regard to the binding force 
of contracts might properly be disregarded — not only to nitiin- 
tain that the opinion and interest of one party to a contract 
might be substituted for the assent of both — but to assert, that 
notwithstanding all that had been said and done, there was no 
contract between Dr. Baird and Congress. 

But we think that an analysis of the action that has been 
had upon the subject will show that there has not even been 
any declaratory law or resolution of Congress, which tends to 
the conclusion that Dr. Baird was not entitled to half-pay. 

On the 19th of March, 1790, General Knox, the Secretary of 
War, reported a resolution to Congress, "That the petition of 
the late officers of the artillery artificers for the commutation of 
the half-pay cannot be granted, the United States in Congress 
assembled having decided against the same on the 19th Octo- 
ber, 1785." He says that the principles upon which this de- 
cision was founded, will appear by the reports of the late Com- 
missioner of Army Accounts, and a Committee of Congress, 
which he submits. 

The report of the Commissioner was in consequence of the 
petitions of John Jordan and Thomas Wiley, late Captains in 
the Pennsylvania Corps of Artillery Artificers, for a commuta- 
tion in lieu of half-pay for life. The substance of the report is, 
that Congress confined the promise of half-pay to military 
officers only, and that the officers of artificers were not military 
officers. 

It may be remarked of the report, that it does not even by 
implication controvert Dr. Baird's claim, because it "was made 
in relation to a class of officers to which confessedly he did not 
belong. No one ever supposed that a surgeon, either in the 
army or the navy, was in the strict sense of the word a military 
officer; and it is not upon that ground the present claim rests. 
The duty of a surgeon is to attend upon the sick and wounded, 
to employ his skill as well upon those who are enfeebled by 
disease, as upon those who are wounded in battle. The sur- 



462 THE UNITED STATES COURT OP CLAIMS. 

geon is no more a military officer -when attached to an infan- 
try regiment, than when on duty in the regiment of artificers, 
and he is as much a military officer in the latter case as when he 
is on duty at a garrison, or on a recruiting station. We are 
aware of no reason why Dr. Baird might not properly have 
been ordered upon any duty which any regimental surgeon 
might have been required to perform. 

The report of the Committee of Congress, to which General 
Knox refers, denies the claim of Captain Jordan and Willey 
upon the same ground, that they were not military officers* 
and the same remarks are applicable to it. 

General Knox also refers to a former report of his, dated on 
the 30th of July, 1788, in which he states, that the artificers 
were a part of the civil branch of the Ordnance Department ; 
and also, that when the officers of this corps were commissioned 
as officers of "artillery and artificers," the manner of filling up 
the commissions must have been an error, as it was not author- 
ized by any act of Congress. It is true, that there may have 
been no act of Congress pointing out the manner in which the 
commissions should be filled up ; but it is not so clear that the 
mode in which they were filled up was authorized. His report 
states, that "the artificers did not in any instance act in the 
field as artillerists ;" but it states, also, that "they were mostly 
stationed at the arsenal at Carlisle, and employed in making 
cartridges of various kinds for the use of the artillery in the 
field." It is not, then, a forced construction of their position 
which induced them to regard themselves as officers of "artil- 
lery and artificers," although whether they were properly so 
regarded or not has no bearing on the present case, as we shall 
hereafter have occasion to remark. 

We are not called upon to decide whether Captain Jordan 
and Willey were or were not "military officers" in a sense which 
would entitle them to a commutation of half-pay. Whatever 
the decision might be, it could not have the slightest effect 
upon the question whether Dr. Baird was or was not a commis- 
sioned surgeon, in the army of the Revolution. It may, how- 



THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 463 

ever, be remarked, that as the resolution of October 3, 1780, 
provided that the regular army of the United States should 
consist of certain regiments of cavalry, artillery, infantry, and 
"one regiment of artificers," it is extremely difficult to under- 
stand how anything like logical reasoning can lead to the con- 
clusion that the officers of the regiment, forming a part of the 
regular army, were not military officers, so as to entitle them 
to commutation. The " cotemporaneous construction," on 
which stress was laid in the argument, and which led the com- 
mittee to decide that they were not military officers, is entitled 
to just so much weight as its intrinsic merits deserve, and no 
more. Mankind are as competent now to judge of the meaning 
of words as they were then; and the executive and military 
departments of that day did not assume to possess any superior 
knowledge. There is no more mystery in the acts of Congress 
passed seventy years ago than in those of the present day, nor is 
any greater skill required to construe them. But, at any irate, 
the case of Captain Jordan and Willey has no bearing whatever 
on the case of Dr. Baird. 

For these reasons we are of opinion that Dr. Baird was en- 
titled to half-pay for life, from the time of the reduction of his 
regiment, on the 29th of March, 1781. 

The next question in the case is, whether the claimant is en- 
titled to interest. 

On the 3d of June, 1784, Congress passed the following reso- 
lution : "That an interest of six per cent, per annum shall be 
allowed to all creditors of the United States for supplies fur- 
nished or services done from the time that the payment be- 
came due." No language could be more express or free from 
doubt than this. It is directly applicable to the present case. 
Dr. Baird had rendered services to the United States, for which 
he was entitled to half-pay for life. His half-pay became due at 
the expiration of a year from the time of his reduction, and at 
the end of each successive year thereafter. The resolution was 
passed, from a feeling that it was just and right that interest 
should be paid from the time that half-pay became due, and it 



464 THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 

was a voluntary contract on the part of the United States, con- 
stituting a legal claim against them, which no subsequent legis- 
lation could release without the assent of the other party. It 
may be added, that up to the year 1837, there was paid interest 
on 1510 claims of widows and orphans, and claims of officers for 
personal services, the statutes of limitations as to such claims 
having been suspended. The proceedings in relation to the 
claim for commutation do not appear to be very material in re- 
lation to the case in its present position. On the 23d of March, 
1783, a resolution was passed providing that the officers and 
others entitled to half-pay far life, "shall be entitled to receive 
at the end of the war their five years' full pay, in lieu of half- 
pay for life, in money — that is specie — or in securities on inter- 
est, as Congress should find most convenient." On the 28th of 
January, 1794, Dr. Baird applied for the benefit of this provi- 
sion, but died in the year 1805, having, as is said in the report 
of the Committee of Claims of the 5th of February, 1855, "be- 
come wearied and disheartened with delay. 1 ' In the year 1818, 
his son, Thomas H. Baird, having become of age, petitioned 
Congress for relief, and on the 3d of March, 1835, the committee 
reported that, "Dr. Absalom Baird was entitled to the benefit 
of the provision of the resolution of January 17, 1781, extending 
the grant of half-pay for life to the officers of the hospital de- 
partment and medical staff. 1 ' No action was had upon the 
resolution until the 22d June, 1836, when an act was passed 
granting five years' full pay as commutation, under the resolu- 
tion of 1783, but without interest. 

Now this claim does not depend for its validity upon any ad- 
mission contained in the act of 1836. But the Congress which 
passed that act must have considered that Dr. Baird had a 
legal claim of some kind, otherwise their conduct in granting 
him five years' full pay was wholly indefensible. It is, how- 
ever, relied upon as a final settlement of the claim. Upon any 
principle known to the law, this position is wholly untenable. 
It is easy enough to declare, ex-cathedra, that it was a final set- 
tlement ; but it is extremely difficult to imagine, in the absence 



THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 405 

of all evidence, what reasons can be urged for holding that the 
payment of a sum of money is of itself a discharge of a debt for 
a larger amount. A plea of payment of a small sum in satisfac- 
tion of a larger, is bad even after verdict. This principle is 
familiar to every lawyer. A debt may be paid by a fair and 
well-understood compromise, carried faithfully into effect ; but 
here there was no compromise. If it were a case between 'indi- 
viduals, no one would dream of applying such a term to it. 
The United States are either bound by principles of law appli- 
cable to them, or they are not so bound. If they are not bound 
there is an end of the discussion, for then all reasoning is fruit- 
less. If they are bound by principles of law, it is impossible to 
regard the payment of five years' full pay without interest as 
a satisfaction of this claim. There is no evidence that either 
party so regarded it, and unless we set at defiance every prin- 
ciple of law, we cannot hold that one party to a contract, with- 
out the assent of the other, can discharge his debt by the pay- 
ment of a smaller sum than the amount due. 

If A owes B a thousand dollars by his promissory note, pay- 
able m ten years, with interest, and if, when the note becomes 
due, A pays five hundred dollars, but refuses to pay the remain- 
der and the interest, upon the principle here contended for the 
payment of five hundred dollars discharges the debt. Such a 
proposition, to be refuted, needs only to be stated. 

If Dr. Baird was entitled to commutation under this resolu- 
tion, he should have received either the money or securities 
as Congress should find most convenient. They did not find it 
convenient to pay the money at the time, and of course he was 
entitled to interest. He asked either for the money or securities 
on interest, but Congress permitted fifty-three years to elapse 
after the passage of the resolution, and then gave him merely 
the sum of $2400, to which he was entitled in the year 1783 
Mr. Ready's report, of the 5th of February, 1855, considers only 
,the question whether interest should be allowed on the five 
years' full pay as commutation from the end of the war the 
time when it became due, and the committee decided 'that 



46G THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 

interest was due. But as our opinion is that Dr. Baird was 
entitled to half-pay for life, from the 29th of March, 1781, the 
matter relating to the commutation need not be further in- 
quired into. 

The evidence in the case proves, that Dr. Baird was surgeon 
of the regiment of artificers from the 20th of March, 1780, and 
served in that capacity until the regiment was reduced, on the 
29th of March, 1781. It is admitted by the solicitor, and the 
evidence proves, that the case does not come within any of the 
acts or resolutions in the nature of acts of limitation, which 
requires claims to be presented within a specified period, and 
is not barred by any of them. It is admitted that Dr. Baird 
died on the 27th of October, 1805 ; and it is proved that the 
claimant, Thomas H. Baird, was appointed administrator of 
his estate on the 9th day of March, 1819. 

The amount of Dr. Baird's half-pay was $240 per annum, 
payable at the end of every year. He was entitled to this sum 
up to the 27th of October, 1805, the day of his death, and interest 
on the payments as they became due, according to the express 
provisions of the resolution of June 3, 1784. 

There was, therefore, due him at the time of his death the 
sum of $10,074^. Upon this sum interest is due from the 27th of 
October, 1805, to the 1st of June, 1856, deducting therefrom the 
sum of $2400, paid under the act of June 23, 1836. 

It will be seen that the accounting officers of the Government, 
cotemporaneous with the commutation act of 1783, decided 
that, from the nature of the corps in which Dr. Baird served, 
and on the ground that he was not a "regimental surgeon," he 
was not entitled to the benefits of that act. 

His title to commutation was never admitted until the second 
session of the 23d Congress, when a favorable report was made ; 
and it was not until June 23, 1836, that a bill passed granting 
him this commutation. 

Every one will agree that, inasmuch as Dr. Baird did not 
receive his commutation of half-pay until June 23, 1836, interest 
was justly due on it from the Revolutionary period up to that 



THE UNITED STATES COURT OP CLAIMS. 467 

time, as has been allowed in nearly every similar case from 
1794 to the present day. 

But the difference between Dr. Baird's case and that of the 
other officers of the Revolutionary army is, that the other 
officers received their commutation at the time it was first made 
due, and therefore were not entitled to interest for time delayed 
in the issuing of their commutation certificates, while Dr. 
Baird did not receive his till 1836, and therefore was entitled 
to interest for time delayed from 1783 to 1836. 

And Dr. Baird has been restored to his half-pay from March 
29, 1781, to October 27, 1805, when he died, with interest on each 
annual payment to the day of his death, and has been allowed 
interest also on the whole sum, thus accumulated at the time 
of his death, up to Jane 1, 1856, when payment was made, 
deducting from the whole amount the sum of $2400, as commu- 
tation received in 1836. 

To this restoration of the half -pay for life with interest, Dr. 
Baird has no better right than the other officers, who now 
claim the action of Congress and the Court of Claims in his 
case as a precedent for their own. 

For the information of the many thousands of the heirs of 
Revolutionary officers and others in the United States interested, 
a great many of whom may have, as yet, heard little or nothing 
of the proceedings, we have reported the action of Congress and 
the opinion of the Court of Claims on these half-pay cases some- 
what at length, for our limits, and may further remark that, 
from what has been admitted on all sides, and assuming the 
opinion of Attorney-general Berried, under date of October 2, 
1830, in the case of Colonel Harrison, to be correct, viz., "iVo inter- 
est is due unless the claimant shall have paid interest; in which 
case, indeed, interest becomes strictly a portion of the principal 
of his claim,' 1 '' the right of the officers to a restoration of their 
half-pay, and an allowance of interest on the deferred payment 
from the Revolutionary period, cannot be disputed ; for the offi- 
cers, in the sale of their securities, did pay a heavy interest in 



468 SOCIETY OF THK CINCINNATI. 

depreciation, equal in amount, in a majority of cases, to seven- 
eighths of the face of their certificates. 



THE SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

This institution is so intimately connected with affairs at the 
close of the Revolution, and with preparations for the return of 
the country to the pursuits of peace, after emerging from the 
conflicts of an eight years' war, that some account of it, in this 
connection, may be proper, and to many instructive. 

It was in the period of the government of ancient Rome by 
the "Tribunes of the People, 1 ' before the appointment of the 
Decemviri, that Coriolanus, an eloquent and powerful senator, 
was expelled from the s commonwealth, and took shelter with 
Tullus Attius, a distinguished Volscian leader, who espoused 
his quarrel. In consequence, the league between this country 
and the Romans was broken, and a powerful Volscian army was 
sent to invade Rome, headed by the expatriated Coriolanus, 
who, yielding to the tears and entreaties of Veturia his mother 
and Volumniahis wife, withdrew his army from Rome. 

But a restoration of peace to the commonwealth, and a cessa- 
tion of hostilities without, only gave opportunity for intrigue 
and dissension within. Spurius Cassius, fired with wild ambi- 
tion, and wanting to make himself despotic by means of the 
people, was found guilty of a number of conspiracies against 
the Constitution of the State, and was thrown headlong from 
the Tarpian Rock by the very persons whose interests he rep- 
resented. 

The Agrarian law, a measure for dividing the lands of the 
commonwealth equally among the people, now agitated the 
country, and Manliusand Fabius, consuls of a former year, ac- 
cused of making unjustifiable delays in putting it off, were sum- 
moned by the Tribunes to appear before the people. 

This law was a grant the Senate could not think of giving up 
to the people, and the many excuses and delays made about it, 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 469 

incensed the people so as to threaten the destruction of the 
commonwealth. 

la this alarming state of things, they were obliged once more 
to have recourse to a dictator, and Lucius Quintus Cincin- 
nati, an illustrious Roman, who had given up all views of am- 
bition, and retired to his little farm, was waited upon by the 
deputies of the Senate, who found him at his plough, dressed in 
the mean attire of a laboring husbandman. He appeared but 
little elevated at the address of ceremony and pompous robes 
they brought him, and upon declaring to him the Senate's 
pleasure, he testified a natural preferment of the charms of a 
country retirement to the fatiguing splendors of office, and said 
to his wife, as the deputies were leading him away, "I fear, my 
Attilla, that for this year, our little fields must remain unsown." 
Thus, taking a tender leave, he departed to the city, where both 
parties were inflamed against each other. By strict attention 
to the interests of his country, instead of gaining the confidence 
of factions, he won the esteem of all ; and by prevailing on the 
Tribunes to put off the Agrarian law for a time, restored tran- 
quillity to the people, and again retired from the splendors of 
power to his ''little farm." 

"The iEqui and the Volsci," writes Goldsmith, "who, though 
still worsted, still were for renewing the war, made new inroads 
into the territories of Rome. Minutius, one of the consuls who 
succeeded Cincinnatus, was sent to oppose them ; but being nat- 
urally timid, and rather more afraid of being conquered than de- 
sirous of victory, his army was driven into a defile between two 
mountains, from which, except through the enemy, there was no 
egress. This, however, the iEqui had the precaution to fortify, by 
which the Roman army was so hemmed in on every side, that noth- 
ing remained but submission to the enemy, famine, or imme- 
diate death. Some knights, who found means of getting away 
privately through the enemy's camp, were the first who 
brought the account of this disaster to Rome. Nothing could 
exceed the consternation of all ranks of the people when in- 
formed of it : the Senate, at first, thought of the other consul ; 



470 . SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

but not having sufficient experience of his abilities, they 
unanimously turned their eyes on Cincinnatus, and again re- 
solved to make him dictator. Cincinnatus, the only person on 
whom Rome could now place her whole dependence, was found, 
as before, by the messengers of the Senate laboring in his little 
field with cheerful industry. He was at first astonished at the 
ensigns of unbounded power with which the deputies came to 
invest him, but still more at the approach of the Senate, who 
came out to meet him. A dignity so unlooked for, however, 
had no effect on the simple integrity of his manners. 

"Upon entering the city, the dictator put on a serene look, 
and entreated all those who were able to bear arms to repair 
before sunset to the Campus Martius with the necessary pro- 
visions for five days. He put himself at the head of these, and 
marching all night with great expedition, arrived before day 
within sight of the enemy. Upon his approach he ordered his 
soldiers to raise a loud shout, to apprise the consul's army of 
the relief that was at hand. The iEqui were not a little amazed 
when they saw themselves between two enemies, but still more 
when they perceived Cincinnatus making the strongest in- 
trenchments beyond them to prevent their escape, and inclosing 
them as they had inclosed the consul. To prevent this, a furious 
combat ensued; but the iEqui being attacked on both sides, and 
unable to resist or fly, begged a cessation of arms ; they offered 
the dictator his own terms; he gave them their lives, but 
obliged them, in token of servitude, to pass under the yoke. — 
Their captains and generals he made prisoners of war, being re- 
served to adorn his triumph. As for the plunder of the enemy's 
camp, that he gave entirely to his own soldiers, without reserv- 
ing any part for himself, or permitting those of the delivered 
army to have a share. 

"Thus, having rescued a Roman army from inevitable de- 
struction, having defeated a powerful enemy, having taken and 
fortified their city, and still more, havirjg refused any part of 
the spoil, he resigned the dictatorship, after having enjoyed it 
but fourteen days. The Senate would have enriched him, but 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 471 

he declined their offers, choosing to retire once more to his farm 
and cottage, content with temperance and fame." 

It has been beautifully said that "Providence moves through 
time as the gods of Homer through space — it takes one step 
and ages have rolled away;" and though it has rolled twenty- 
three centuries between the illustrious farmer of Rome and our 
own immortal farmer of Mount Vernon, yet, in the night-march 
of the former to the aid of the despairing army of Minutius, 
and in that of the latter, over the storm-lashed and icy billows 
of the Delaware, on the Hessian encampment at Trenton, the 
same "Arcturus, Orion, Pleiades, and the chambers of the 
South," known also in the days of the patient man of Uz, still 
perpetuated by the same moving Providence, enlightened both 
armies; and the gaze of both generals has rested upon the same 
constellations, so that time, by similitude of circumstances and 
character, seems to have been so far annihilated as to bring the 
two to stand contemporaneously on the great platform of 
human liberty, and to a personal recognition of each other i» 
the great Society of Peace, bearing the name of the one and 
presided over by the other, whose valedictory proclaimed, that, 
"Having finished the work assigned me, I retire from the great 
theatre of action, and bidding an affectionate farewell to this 
august body, under whose orders I have so long acted, I here 
offer my commission, and take leave of all the public employ- 
ments of life" — and of whom it was said, when the "clods of 
the valley" were about to cover all of him that was mortal: 
"Our virtuous Chief, mindful only of the common good, in a 
moment of tempting personal aggrandizement, hushed the dis- 
contents of growing sedition; and, surrendering his power into 
the hands from which he had received it, converted his sword 
into a ploughshare, teaching an admiring world that to be truly 
great, you must be truly good." 

The following is the Constitution of the Society of the Cincin- 
nati, agreed upon at the " Cantonment of the American Army, 
on Hudson River, May 13, 1783." 



472 SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

It having pleased the Supreme Governor pf the Universe, in 
the disposition of human affairs, to cause the separation of the 
Colonies of North America from the domination of Great Brit- 
ain, and after a bloody conflict of eight years, to establish them 
free, independent, and sovereign States, connected, by alliances 
founded on reciprocal advantages, with some of the greatest 
princes and powers of the earth. 

To perpetuate, therefore, as well the remembrance of this 
vast event, as the mutual friendships which have been formed 
under the pressure of common danger, and in many instances 
cemented by the blood of the parties, the officers of the Amer- 
ican army do hereby, in the most solemn manner, associate, 
constitute, and combine themselves into one Society of 
Fiuends, to endure as long as they shall endure, or any of their 
eldest male prosterity, and in failure thereof, the collateral 
branches, who may be judged worthy of becoming its support- 
ers and members. 

The officers of the American army, having generally been 
taken from the citizens of America, possess high veneration for 
the character of that illustrious Roman, Lucios Quintos Cin- 
cinnati ; and being resolved to follow his example, by return- 
ing to their citizenship, they think they may, with propriety, 
denominate themselves The Society of the Cincinnati. 

The following principles shall be immutable, and form the 
basis of the Society of the Cincinnati : 

An incessant attention to preserve inviolate those exalted 
rights and liberties of human nature, for which they have 
fought and bled, and without which the high rank of a rational 
being is a curse instead of a blessing. 

An unalterable determination to promote and cherish, be- 
tween the respective States, that union and national honor so 
essentially necessary to their happiness, and the future dignity 
of the American empire. 

To render permanent the cordial affection subsisting among 
the officers. This spirit will dictate brotherly kindness in all 
things, and particularly extend to the most substantial acts of 



SOCIETY OP THE CINCINNATI. 473 

beneficence, according to the ability of the Society, towards 
those officers and their families who unfortunately may be un- 
der the necessity of receiving it. 

The General Society will, for the sake of frequent communi- 
cations, be divided into State Societies, and those again into 
such districts as shall be directed by the State Society. 

The societies of the districts to meet as often as shall be 
agreed upon by the State Society ; those of the State on the 
fourth day of July annually, or oftener, if they shall find it ex- 
pedient ; and the General Society on the first Monday in May, 
annually, so long as they shall deem it necessary, and after- 
wards, at least once in every three years. 

At each meeting the principles of the institution will be fully 
considered, and the best measures to promote them adopted. 

The State Societies will consist of all the members resident in 
each State respectively ; and any member removing from one 
State to another, is to be considered, in all respects, as belong- 
ing to the Society of the State in which he shall actually re- 
side. 

The State Societies to have a president, vice-president, secre- 
tary, treasurer, and assistant treasurer, to be chosen annually 
by a majority of votes, at the State meeting. 

Each State shall write annually, or oftener, if necessary, a 
circular letter to the other State Societies, noting whatever 
they may think worthy of observation, respecting the good of 
the Society, or the general union of the States, and giving infor- 
mation of the officers chosen for the current year. Copies of 
these letters shall be regularly transmitted to the secretary- 
general of the Society, who will record them in a book to be as- 
signed for that purpose. 

The State Society will regulate every thing respecting itself 
and the societies of the districts, consistent with the general 
maxims of the Cincinnati; judge of the qualifications of the 
members who may be proposed ; and expel any member who by 
conduct inconsistent with a gentleman and a man of honor, or 
by an opposition to the interests of the community in general, 



474 SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

or the Society in particular, may render himself unworthy to 
continue a member. 

In order to form funds which may be respectable, and assist 
the unfortunate, each officer shall deliver to the treasurer of 
the State Society one month's pay, which shall remain forever 
to the use of the State Society ; the interest only of which, if 
necessary, to be appropriated to the relief of the unfortunate. 

Donations may be made by persons not of the Society, and by 
members of the Society, for the express purposes of forming 
permanent funds for the use of the State Society ; and the inter- 
est of these donations appropriated in the same manner as that 
of the month's pay. 

Moneys, at the pleasure of each member, may be subscribed 
in the societies of the districts, or the State Societies, for the re- 
lief of the unfortunate members, or their widows and orphans, 
to be appropriated by the State Society only. 

The meeting of the General Society shall consist of its officers, 
and a representation from each State Society, in number not 
exceeding five, whose expenses shall be borne by their respec- 
tive State Societies. 

In the general meeting, the president, vice-president, secre- 
tary, assistant secretary, treasurer, and assistant treasurer- gen- 
eral, shall be chosen, to serve until the next meeting. 

The circular letters which have been written by the respec- 
tive State Societies to each other, and their particular laws, 
shall be read and considered, and all measures concerted which 
may conduce to the general intendment of the society. 

It is probable that some persons may make donations to the 
General Society, for the purpose of establishing funds for the 
further comfort of the unfortunate ; in which case such dona- 
tions must be placed in the hands of the treasurer-general, the 
interest only of which is to be disposed of, if necessary, by the 
general meeting. 

All the officers of the American army, as well as those who 
have resigned with honor, after three years 1 service in the 
capacity of officers, or who have been deranged by the resolu- 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 475 

tions of Congress, upon the several reforms of the army, as 
those -who shall have continued to the end of the war, have the 
right to become parties in this institution ; provided that they 
subscribe one month's pay, and sign their names to the general 
rules, in their respective State Societies,— those who are present 
with the army immediately, and others within six months after 
the army shall be disbanded, extraordinary cases excepted. 
The rank, time of service, resolutions of Congress by which 
they have been deranged, and place of residence, must be added 
to each name ; and as a testimony of affection to the memory 
and the offspring of such officers as have died in the service, 
their eldest male branches shall have the same right of becom- 
ing members as the children of the actual members of the 
Society. 

Those officers who are foreigners, not resident in any of the 
States, will have their names enrolled by the secretary-general, 
and are to be considered as members in the societies of any of 
the States in which they may happen to be. 

And as there are, and will at all times be, men in the respec- 
tive States, eminent for their abilities and patriotism, whose 
views may be directed to the same laudable objects with those 
of the Cincinnati, it shall be a rule to admit such characters as 
honorary members of the Society, for their own lives only : 
Provided always, that the number of honorary members in 
each State does not exceed a ratio of one to four of the officers 
or their descendants. 

Each State Society shall obtain a list of its members, and, at 
the first annual meeting, the State secretary shall have engross- 
ed, on parchment, two copies of the institution of the Society, 
which every member present shall sign ; and the secretary shall 
endeavor to procure the signature of every absent member ; one 
of those lists to be transmitted to the secretary-general, to be 
kept in the archives of the Society, and the other to remain in 
the hands of the State secretary. From the State lists, the sec- 
retary-general must make out, at the first general meeting, a 



476 SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

complete list of the whole Society, with a copy of which he will 
furnish each State secretary. 

The Society shall have an Order, by which its members shall 
be known and distinguished, which shall be a medal, of gold, 
of a proper size to receive the emblems, and suspended by a 
deep-blue ribbon, two inches wide, edged with white, descrip- 
tive of the union of America and France, viz : 

The principal figure, Cincinnatus ; three senators presenting 
him with a sword and other military ensigns : on a field in the 
background his wife standing at the door of their cottage; near 
it a plough and implements of husbandry. Round the whole, 
Omnia reliquit sevare Rempublicam. On the reverse : Sun 
rising ; a city with open gates, and vessels entering the port ; 
Fame crowning Cincinnatus with a wreath, inscribed Virtutis 
Prcemium. Below, Hands joined, supporting a Heart, with the 
motto, Esto Perpetua. Round the whole, Societas Cincinna- 
torum Instituta, A. D. 1783. 

The Society, deeply impressed with a sense of the generous 
assistance this country has received from France, and desirous 
of perpetuating the friendships whieh have been formed and 
so happily subsisted between the officers of the allied forces, in 
the prosecution of the war, direct, that the President-general 
transmit, as soon as may be, to each of the characters hereafter 
named, a medal containing the order of the Society, viz.: 
His Excellency the Chevalier De La Luzerne, Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary ; 
His Excellency the Sieur Gerard, late Minister Plenipotentiary: 
Their Excellencies the Count D'Estaing, 
the Count De Grasse, 
the Count De Barras, 
the Chevalier De Touches, 

Admirals and Commanders in the Navy; 
His Excellency the Count De Rochambeau, Commander-in-; 
Chief ; And the Generals and Colonels of his army, and ac- 
quaint them that the Society does themselves the honor to con- 
sider them as members. 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 



477 



Resolved, That a copy of the foregoing institution be given 
to the senior officer of each State Line, and that the officers of 
the respective State Lines sign their names to the same, in the 
manner and form following ; viz: 

"We, the subscribers, officers of the American army, do hereby 
voluntarily become parties to the foregoing institution, and do 
bind ourselves to observe, and be governed by, the principles 
therein contained. For the performance whereof we do 
solemnly pledge to each other our sacred honor. 

Done in the Cantonment on Hudson River, in the year 1783. 

General Heath, General Baron De Steuben, and General 
Knox, were appointed to wait on His Excellency General Wash- 
ington, with a copy of the Institution, and request him to honor 
the Society by placing his name at the head of it. 

The following are the names of the different officers of the 
General Society from its formation, with the dates of their elec- 
tion : 



Presidents. 




Vice-Presidents. 




George Washington, 


1783 


Horatio Gates, 


1784. 


Alexander Hamilton, 


1800 


Thomas Mifflin, 


1787. 


Charles C. Pinckney, 


1805 


Charles C. Pinckney, 


1800. 


Thomas Pinckney, 


1825 


Henry Knox, 


1805. 


Aaron Ogden, 


1829 


J. Brooks, 


1811. 


Morgan Lewis, 


1839 


Aaron Ogden, 


1825. 


William Popham, 


1844 


Morgan Lewis, 


1829. 


Henry A. S. Dearborn, 


1848 


William Schute, 


1839. 


Secretaries. 
Henry Knox, 
William Jackson, 


1783 
lfOO 


Horace Binney, 
Hamilton Fish, 

Assistant Secretaries 


1844. 
1848. 


Alexander W. Johnston, 


1829 


OthoH. Williams, 


1784. 


Treasurers. 
Alexander McDougall, 
William McPherson, 
Allen McLane, 


1783 
1800 
1825 


George Turner, 
William McPherson, 
Nathan Dorsey, 
Thomas McEwen. 


1787. 
1790. 
1800. 
1829. 


John Markland, 


1832 






Joseph W. Scott 


1838 







478 SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

The following form of subscribing to the State Societies was 
adopted in 1783, and following it we will give the names of the 
original members in some of the State Societies, viz. : 
"To John Pierce, Esq., Paymaster Gen. to the army of the United States. 

" Sir :— Please pay to , Treasurer for the State 

Association of the Cincinnati, or his order, one month's pay of 
our several grades respectively, and deduct the same from the 
balance which shall be found due to us on the final liquidation 
of our accounts ; for which this shall be your warrant." 



List of Original Members of the New York. State Society of the 

Cincinnati. 
Jonas Addoms, Lieutenant, 2d Regiment, New York Artillery. 
Peter Anspach, do. do. do. do. 

Aaron Aorson, Captain, 1st Regiment New York. 
Josiah Bagley, Lieutenant, do. do. 

John Bard, Captain, 2d Regiment, Georgia. j| 
Sebastian Bauman, Major, 2d Regiment, New York Artillery. 
Jerrick Beekman, Lieutenant, do. do. do. 

William Belknap, Lieutenant, Livingston's Regiment. 
Walter Bicker, Captain, Patton's Regiment. 
Leonard Bleeker, Captain, 1st New York Regiment. 
James Bradford, Lieutenant and Adjutant, New Xork Artillery. 
James Brewster, Captain-lieutenant, do. do. 

David Brooks, Assistant Clothier-general. 
Joseph Browne, Surgeon, 7th Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Robert Burnett, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 
Jonathan Burrall, Deputy Paymaster-general. 
Caleb Brewster, Captain- lieutenant, New York Artillery- 
Aaron Burr, Lieutenant-colonel, Malcom's Regiment, New York. 
Duncan Campbell, Lieutenant-colonel, Livingston's Regiment, New York. 
John Cape, Lieutenant, 1st Regiment, New Jersey. 
Nehemiah Carpenter, Ensign, New York Artillery. 
James Chrystie, Captain, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Matthew Clarkson, Major. 
James Clinton, Brigadier-general. 
George Clinton, Honorary Member. 
Alexander Clinton, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 
Christopher Codwise, Lieutenant, do. do. 

Robert Cochran, Lieutenant colonel, 2d Regiment, New Yoi"k. 



SOCIETY OP THE CINCINNATI. 479 

John Cochran, Director of Hospital. 

William Colbreath, Lieutenant and Quartermaster, 2d Regiment, N. V. 

Michael Connolly, Lieutenant, 2d Regiment, New York. 

John Conway, Lieutenant-colonel, 1st Regiment, N. J. 

Samuel Cooper, Lieutenant, Crane's Artillery. 

Andrew Cragie, Surgeon, General Hospital. 

John D. Crimshier, Paymaster, Lamb's New York Artillery. 

Ebenezer Crosby, Surgeon, Washington's Life Guard. 

Henry Cunningham, New York Artillery. 

James Davidson, Commissary, Hospital Department. 

Henry Demler, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

Daniel Denniston, do. do. do. 

George J. Denniston, Lieutenant, 3d New York Regiment. 

Pierre Regnier De Rousse, Lieutenant-colonel, 2d Regiment, New York. 

Simeon De Witt, Geographer. 

Samuel Dodge, Lieutenant, 2d Regiment New York. 

Samuel Dodge, Ensign, do. do. 

John Doughty, Captain, New York Artillery. 

Henry Dubois, Captain, 2d New York Regiment. 

Edward Dunscomb, Captain, 4th do. do. 

Baron Charles D'Aurier, French officer. 

John Elliott, Surgeon's Mate, 1st Regiment, New York. 

Andrew English, Captain-lieutenant, 1st Massachusetts Regiment. 

James Fairlie, Lieutenant, 2d New York Regiment, and Aid-de-Camp to 

Major-general Baron Steuben. 
Ephraim Fenno, Captain-lieutenant, New York Artillery. 
Nicholas Fish, Major and Brigade Inspector, New York. 
George Fleming, Captain, New York Artillery. 
John Fondy, Ensign, 1st New York Regiment. 
Duoy Fondy, do. do. do. 

Joseph Foote, Lieutenant, 1st Massachusetts Regiment. 
Theodocius Fowler, Captain, 2d New York Regiment. 
Joseph Frelick, Lieutenant, do. do. 

John Furman, Lieutenant, 1st New York Regiment. 
John Gano, Brigade Chaplain, New York. 
David Gano, Captain-lieutenant, New York Artillery. 
Peter Gansevoort, Colonel, 3d New York Regiment. 
Benjamin Gilbert, Lieutenant, 1st New York Regiment. 
James Giles, Lieutenant, 2d Regiment New York ArtiHery. 
Aquilla Giles, Lieutenant-colonel and Aid-de-Camp. 
John Graham, Major, 1st New York Regiment. 
Charles Graham, Captain, New York Line. 
Stephen Graham, Hospital Mate. 



- 



480 SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

Silas Gray, Captain, 4th New York Regiment. 

John W. Greaton, Captain, Massachusetts Line. 

John Green, Naval Captain. 

James Gregg, Captain, 1st New York Regiment. 

James Grier, Lieutenant-colonel, Pennsylvania Line. 

John Grier, Lieutenant, 6th Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Isaac Guion, Captain-lieutenant, Lamb's Artillery. 

Hoysted Hacker, Naval Captain. 

Mordecai Hale, Surgeon's Mate. 

Jonathan Hallett, Captain, 2d Regiment, New York. 

Luther Halsey, Captain New Jersey Line. 

Alexander Hamilton, Lieutenant- Colonel and Aid-de-Camp. 

Abijah Hammond, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

John F. Hamtramck, Captain 2d Regiment, New York. 

Francis Hanmer, Lieutenant, 5th New York Regiment. 

Abraham Hardensburg, Lieutenant, 1st New l r ork Regiment. 

Joseph Hardy, Captain of Marines. 

Samuel Hay, Lieutenant-colonel, New Y r ork Line. 

Nathaniel Henry, Lieutenant, 2d New Y'ork Regiment. 

Benjamin Herring, Ensign, 1st New York Regiment. 

Abel Holden, Captain 6th Massachusetts Regiment. 

Bazaleel Howe, Lieutenant, New Hampshire Line. 

Isaac Hubbell, Captain-lieutenant, and Paymaster, N. Y. Artillery. 

James Miles Hughes, Captain, Malcom's Regiment, and Aid-de-Camp to 

General Gates. 
Thomas Hunt, Lieutenant, 4th New York Regiment. 
Christopher Hutton, Lieutenant and Adjutant, 2d New Y'ork Regiment. 
Ephraim Hunt, Lieutenant, 4th Massachusetts Regiment. 
Abraham Hyatt, Lieutenant, New York Line. 
Thomas T. Jackson, Lieutenant, New Y'ork Artillery. 
Cornelius T. Jansen, Captain 1st New York Regiment. 
James Johnson, Lieutenant, 2d New York Regiment. 
Robert Johnson, Physician, General Hospital. 
John Keese, Assistant Deputy Quartermaster-ganeral. 
Jacob Kemper, Captain-lieutenant, Stevens' Artillery. 
Daniel Hemper, Deputy Clothier-general. 
John Lanih, Colonel, 2d Regiment Artillery. 
Garret Lansing, Ensign, 1st New Y'ork Regiment. 
John Lawrence, Judge-advocate-general. 

Nathaniel Lawrence, Lieutenant, 2d North Carolina Regiment. 
Jonathan Lawrence, Captain of Sappers and Miners. 
George. Leycraft, Lieutenant, Lamb's Artillery. 
William Leycraft, do. do. do 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 481 

Benjamin Ledyard, Major, New York Line. 

Isaac Ledyard, Surgeon's Mate. 

Morgan Lewis, Colonel and Quartermaster-general. 

Brokolst Livingston, Lieutenant-colonel. 

Henry B. Livingston, Colonel, 4th New Y r ork Regiment. 

Samuel Logan, Major, 5th New York Regiment. 

Lebbeus Loomis, Lieutenant and Adjutant, Col. Swift's Conecticut Kegt. 

Henry E. Lutterloh, Colonel, New York Line. 

Abraham Leggett, Lieutenant, 6th New York Regiment. 

Alexander McDougall, Major-general. 

Renald S. McDougall, Major and Aid-de-Camp. 

Charles MeKnight, Surgeon. 

Daniel McLane, Lieutenant, Massachusetts Line. 

Thomas Machin, Captain, 2d Regiment, New York. 

Peter Magee, Lieutenant, 1st New York Regiment. 

Samuel Mansfield, Captain of Artillery. 

John Marsh, Ensign, 1st New York Regiment. 

Elihu Marshall, Captain, New York Line. 

Daniel Menema, Surgeon, 2d New York Regiment. 

Andrew Moodie, Captain, Lamb's Artillery. 

Joseph Morrell, Ensign, 1st New York Regiment. 

William W. Morris, Lieutenant, 2d Regiment Artillery. 

Ebenezer Macomber, Captain, Rhode Island Line. 

Peter Nestell, Captain-lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

Charles Newkirk, Captain-lieutenant, 2d Regiment, New York. 

James Nicholson, Naval Captain. 

Daniel Niven, Captain of Engineers. 

William North, Captain, Mass., Line, and Aid-de-Camp to Gen. Steuben. 

Nathaniel Norton, Captain, New York Line. 

Daniel Parker, Captain-Lieutenant, Crane's Artillery. 

Charles Parsons, Captain, 1st New York Regiment. 

Henry Pawling, Captain, 2d New York Regiment. 

Samuel T. Pell, do. do. do. 

Robert Pemberton, Captain, Connecticut Regiment. 

Nathaniel Pendleton, Captain, Virginia Line, and Aid de-Camp, to Gen 

eral Greene. 
William Peters, Ensign, 2d New York Regiment. 
Richard Piatt, Major and Aid-de-Camp. 
William Popliam, Captain and Aid de-Camp. 
Henry Pray, Captain, 1st Massachusetts Regiment. 
William Price, Lieutenant, Massachusetts Artillery. 
Abner Prior, Surgeon's Mate, 2d New York Regimen 
Thomas Randall, Captain of Artillery. 



482 SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

John Reed, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 
Jacob Reed, Captain, do. do. 

John R. B. Rogers, Surgeon, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Wilhelmus Ryckman, Lieutenant, 1st New York Regiment. 
Baron De Steuben, Major-general. 

John Santford, Captain, Spencer's Connecticut Regiment. 
Berick Schuyler, Ensign, 2d New York Regiment. 
Philip Schuyler, Major-general. 

William Scudder, Lieutenant, 1st New York Regiment. 
John Shaw, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 
Israel Smith, Captain, 2d New York Regiment. 
William S. Smith, Lieutenant-colonel; 
Isaac Smith, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 
Ephraim Snow, Lieutenant, 1st New York Regiment. 
John Stagg, Lieutenant, Spencer's Regiment. 
John Stake, Lieutenant of Light Bragoons. 
Jehosaphat Starr, Ensign, Colonel Webb's Regiment. 
Gerard Stediford, Lieutenant, 4th Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Ebenezer Stevens, Lieutenant-colonel, New York Artillery- 
James Stewart, Captain, New York Line. 
William Strachan, Lieutenant, New York Artillery 
Calfeb Swan, Ensign, Massachusetts Line. 
Bernardus Swartwout, Ensign, 2d New York Regiment. 
Cornelius Swartwout, Captain -lieutenant, New York Artillery. 
Caleb Sweet, Surgeon, 1st New York Regiment. 
George Sytez, Captain, do. do. 

William Stewart, Captain, Hazen's Regiment. 
Ebenezer Storer, Lieutenant and Paymaster, Brewer's Regiment. 
Silas Taibott, Lieutenant-colonel, Pennsylvania Line. 
Samuel Tallmadge, Lieutenant, 2d New York Regiment. 
William Tapp, Lieutenant, 3d New York Regiment. 
Peter Taulman, Captain-lieutenant, Sappers and Miners. 
John C. Ten Broeck, Captain, 1st New York Regiment. 
Adam Ten Broeck, Ensign, do. do. 

Alexander Thompson, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 
Henry Tiebout, Captain, 1st New York Regiment. 
Thomas Tillotson, Physician and Surgeon-general. 
William Torrey, Lieutenant, Massachusetts Line. 
Robert Troup, Lieutenant-colonel and Aid-de-Camp. 
John Trumbull, Colonel and Deputy Adjutant-general. 
Thomas Turner, Captain, Massachusetts Line. 
John F. Vacher, Surgeon, New York Line. 
Philip Van Courtlandt, Colore.:, 2d New York Regiment. 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 483 

Cornelius Van Dyck, Lieutenant-colonel, 1st New York Regiment. 

Henry Vandeburg, Captain, 2d New York Regiment. 

Bartholomew Vandeburg, Ensign, 2d New York Regiment. 

John Van Dyck, Captain-lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

Rudolph Van Hovenburgh, Lieutenant, 2d New York Regiment. 

David Van Home, Captain, Pennsylvania Line. 

Jeremiah Van Rennselaer, Lieutenant and Paymaster, 1st New York Regt. 

Goosse Van Schaick, Colonel, 1st New York Regiment. 

Garret Van Wagenen, Surgeon, 8th Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Tunis Van Wagenan, Lieutenant, 2d New York Regiment. 

Richard Varick, Lieutenant-colonel and Deputy Mus. Mr. General. 

Veter Vosborough, Captain, Livingston's Regiment. 

Nicholas Van Rennselaer, Lieutenant, 1st New York Regiment. 

John Waldron, Captain-lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

Benjamin Walker, Captain, 2d New York Regiment. 

Jedediah Waterman, Ensign, 8th Massachusetts Regiment. 

James Walson, Captain, New York Line. 

Samuel B. Webb, Colonel, 3d Connecticut Regiment. 

Charles F. Weisenfels, Lieutenant, 2d New York Regiment. 

Frederick Weisenfels, Lieutenant-colonel, New York Line. 

Jacob H. Wendell, Lieutenant and Adjutant, 1st New York Regiment. 

John H. Wendell, Captain, do. 

Michael Wetzell, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

Andrew White, Lieutenant, 2d Regiment, New York. 

Anthony Walton White, Colonel, 1st Regiment Light Dragoons. 

Marlnus Willett, Lieutenant-colonel, 5th New York Regiment. 

Robert Wilson, Ensign, 1st New York Regiment. 

Jacob Wright, Captain, 2d New York Regiment. 

Ephraim Woodruff, Lieutenant, do. 

Peter Woodward, Lieutenant, Connecticut Line. 

Members of the Pennsylvania Society of the Cincinnati, in the 
order in which they subscribed, in december, 1783. 

John Armstrong, Lieutenant, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Thomas Wylis, Captain, Pennsylvania Artillery Artificers. 

Francis White, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

James McLean, Lieutenant of Invalids. 

Samuel Doty, Captain-lieutenant, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

W. Ferguson, Captain, do. 

David Zeigler, Captain. 

F. Mentges, Lieutenant-colonel and Inspector, Southern Army. 

J. Pratt, Lieutenant, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 



484 SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

Richard Fullerton, Lieutenant and Adjutant, 1st Pennsylvania Eegiment. 

George Bush, Captain, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

John Strieker, Lieutenant, do. 

Erkuries Beatty, Lieutenant, do. 

William Moore, Lieutenant, 1st Regiment Dragoons. 

Robert McConnell, Captain-lieutenant of Artillery. 

Jab. Weitzel, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

William Wilson, Captain, do. 

James Armstrong, Captain, Lee's Legion. 

John Bankson, Captain, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

J. McFarlane, Lieutenant, do. 

John Markland, Lieutenant, do. 

John Bush, Captain, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Thomas Doyle, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Joseph Harmar, Lieutenant-colonel, do. 

R. Allison, Surgeon's Mate, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Andrew Lytle, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

T. Seely, Captain, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

John Doyle, Captain, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Jas. F. McPherson, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

William Magaw, Surgeon, do. 

Anty. Wayne, Brigadier-general, Pennsylvania Line. 

William McHatton, Captain of Invalids. 

C. De Marcellin, Lieutenant, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Le Roy, Lieutenant. do. 

Le Chevalier De Lambert, Lieutenant d'Artillerie. 

H. Henly, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Andrew Henderson, Lieutenant, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Joseph Ashton, Captain-lieutenant, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Edward Speer, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Robt. McMordie, Chaplain, 1st Pennsylvania Brigade. 

John Stoy, Captain-lieutenant, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Walter Stewart, Colonel and Inspector of Northern Army. 

Enos Reeves, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

James Morris Jones, Lieutenant, do. 

Jno. McDowell, Surgeon, Pennsylyania Line. 

E. Edwards, Major, 4th Pennsylvania Regiment. 

P. Peres, Surgeon, German Regiment. 

Andrew Porter, Lieutenant-colonel, Com't Pennsylvania Regt. Artillery. 

Francis Nichols, Lieutenant-colonel. 

Francis Proctor, Major of Artillery. 

William Murrin, Lieutenant, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Hen. D. Purcell, do. do. 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 485 

Andw. Walker, Captain, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Stewart Herbert, Lieutenant, do. 

J. Mackinney, do. do. 

Francis Johnston, Colonel, Pennsylvania. 

Ja : Chrystie, Captain, 2d Pennsylvania Kegiment. 

Henry Bicker, Captain, 11th Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Wilder Bevins, Lieutenant. 

Benj. Lodge, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Thomas Dugan, Lieutenant, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

T. Robinson, Lieutenant-colonel, do. 

Jas. Gamble, Lieutenant, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Henry Piercy, Lieutenant, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Alexr. Parker, Captain, do. 

Jas. Chambers, Colonel, Pennsylvania. 

Matthew Maus, Surgeon, Invalid Regiment. 

Fredk. Vernon, Major, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

J. Grier, Major, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

John B. Webster, Captain-lieutenant. 

J. Moore, Major, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

A. G. Claypoole, Captain, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Daniel Brodhead, Colonel, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Matthew McConnell, Captain of Invalids. 

James Glentworth, Lieutenant, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

J. Stake, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

W. Van Lear, Captain, 5th Pennsylvania Regiment. 

T. B. Bowen, Captain, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

W. Macpherson, Major. 

David S. Franks, Major. 

Jesse Crosley, Captain-lieutenant, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Jno. Strieker, Captain-lieutenant, 4th Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Stephen Moylan, Colonel, 4th Regiment Light Dragoons. 

Zebn. Pike, Captain, do. do. 

John Davis, Captain. 

Isaac Craig, Major, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Stephen Bayard, Lieutenant-colonel, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

W. Finney, Captain, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

S. Montgomery, Captain, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 

John R. B. Rogers, Surgeon, do. 

Wm. McCurdy, Captain, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Jno. Reily, Captain, Invalid Regiment, Pennsylvania. 

Thos. Proctor, Colonel, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Chas. Turnbull, Captain, do. 

James Lloyd, Captain-lieutenant, Artillery. 



486 SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

James Hamilton, Major, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Ph. Liebery, Captain of Invalids. 

Jean Aug. De Florat, Captain, and Assistant Engineer. 
J no. Wigton, Lieutenant, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 
John Harper, Lieutenant, 5th Pennsylvania Regiment. 
John Christie, Captain, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Benj. Bartholomew, Captain, 5th Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Saml. A. McCoffrey, Surgeon, Pennsylvania Artillery Artificers. 
John Jordan, Captain, do. do. 

Isaac Van Home, Captain, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Js.Campbell, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Jno. McClelan, Captain, do. 

J. McCullam, Lieutenant and Adjutant, 4th Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Reading Beatty, Surgeon, Pennsylvania Artillery. 
Wm, Sproat, Captain, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Richd. Butler, Colonel, do. 

Isaac B. Dunn, Major, do. 

W. McDowell, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Edw. Crawford, Lieutenant, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 
John Rose, do. do. 

""Wm. Martin, Captain, Pennsylvania Artillery. 
John Marshall, Captain, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Jas Parr, Major. 

C. North, Lieutenant-colonel, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Ln. Davis, Lieutenant, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Francis Murray, Lieutenant-colonel. 
Wm. Rogers, Chaplain, 3d Pennsylvania Brigade. 
James R. Reid, Major. 
John Patterson, Captain. 

John Van Court, Lieutenant, Pennsylvania Artillery. 
Jno. Stotesbury* Captain. 

Jas. Pettigrew, Lieutenant, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Peter Smith, Lieutenant, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 
John Armstrong, jr., Major. 

Edmund Bourke, Captain, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 
T. Boude, do. do. 

George Stevenson, Hospital Mate. 
Root. Parker, Captain, Pennsylvania Artillery. 
Jas. McMichael, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Levi Griffith, Lieutenant, 5th Pennsylvania Regiment. 
James Montgomery, Captain. 
Thomas Douglas, Captain of Artillery. 
Barnabas Binney, Hospital Surgeon. 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 487 

Thos. Bond, jr., Purveyor. 
Edwd. Hand, Major-general. 
T. Campbell, Captain. 
Wm. Lusk, do. 

George North, Lieutenant. 

Andw. Irvine, Captain, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 
John Nevill, Colonel, 4th Virginia Regiment. 
John Boyd, Captain-lieutenant, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Jacob Mytinger, Lieutenant, Von Heer's Cavalry. 
Jno. Michon, Lieutenant, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Robt. Sample, Captain, 10th Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Alex. Benstead, Lieutenant, do. 

Wm. Henderson, Captain, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Robert Wilkin, Captain, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Adm. Hubley, jr., Lieutenant-colonel, 11th Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Worsley Ernes, Captain, Pennsylvania Artillery. 
Nat. Irish, Captain, Pennsylvania Artillery Artificers. 
Thomas M. McCalla, Surgeon, 4th Regiment Light Dragoons. 
Ezekiel Howell, Lieutenant, Pennsylvania Artillery- 
Robt. Coltman, Captain, do. do. 

John Bryce, do. do. do. 

Matthew McGuire, do. do. do. 

Robert McGaw, Colonel, 6th Pennsylvania Regiment. 
James G. Heron, Captain, Hazen's Regiment. 

Wm. 8ade, Captain, 11th Penn. Regiment, and Assistant Geographer. 
Wm. Wilkins, Captain of Invalids. 

James Gilchrist, Lieutenant, 5th Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Thos. Mclntire, Captain. 

Blackall Wm. Ball, Lieutenant, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 
John Humphrey, Lieutenant, 4th Pennsylvania Regiment. 
William Power, Captain of Artillery. 

James Smith, Captain-lieutenant, Pennsylvania Artillery. 
L. Keene, Captain, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment, and Aid-de-Camp. 
A. St. Clair, Major-general. 
Jer. Jackson, Captain. 
Job Vernon, do. 
Robert Patton, do. 
Sam'l Smith, do. 
^Jlob't Martin, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Philippe Avabing, Lieutenant of Dragoons. 
John Craig, Captain of do. 

Ber'd Kibley, Captain, German Regiment. 



488 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 



6th 


do. 


do. 


5th 


do. 


do. 


4th 


do. 


do. 



James Davidson, Surgeon, 5th Pennsylvania Regiment. 
J. Talbott, Major, 

George Tudor, do. 

Sam'l Bryson, Lieutenant, 
Win. Price, Captain, German Regiment. 
Jonah Hallett, Lieutenant, Partizan Legion. 
Wni. Williams, Captain of Invalids. 
Philip Shrawder, Captain, German Regiment. 
Samuel Talbott, Captain, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Barthol'w Von Heer, Major, Light Dragoons. 
Sam'l Reed, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Gabriel Peterson, Lieutenant, 8d Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Daniel St. Clair, do. do. do. 

John Weidman, Lieutenant, German Regiment. 
William McMurray, Captain of Sappers and Miners. 
Jeremiah Freeman, Captain, Pennsylvania Artillery. 
"Hugh Martin, Surgeon, 8th Pennsylvania Regiment, 
Joseph L. Finley, Captain, 3d Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Jno. Nice, do. 

Will. Mackey, do. 

J ohn Hughes, Lieutenant, 
J. B. Tilden, -■ do. 
Richard Humpton, Colonel. 
J. Simonds, Captain, Pennsylvania Artillery. 
Jacob Bower, do. 



6th 


do. 


do. 


9th 


do. 


do. 


4th 


do. 


do. 



[EMBERS OF THE MARYLAND SOCIETY 



the Cincinnati. 



W. Siuallwood, Major-general. 
M. Gist, Brigadier-general. 
O. H. Williams, do. 
N. Ramsey, Lieutenant-colonel. 
John Eceleston, Major. 
Joshua Barney, Captain, Navy. 
John Nicholson, do. do. 

H. Hardman, Major. 
John Davidson, Major. 
William D. Beall, do. 
William Brown, do. 
John Cotes, Captain. 

Richard Dorsey, do. 
David Morrow, Surgeon. 
Ezekiel Hayne, do. 
Thomas Boyd, Lieutenant. 
Samuel Morrow, Surgeon. 
James Armstrong, Chaplain. 



Thomas Mason, Captain. 
Samuel McPherson, Captain. 
Henry Baldwin, Lieutenant. 
James Brocco, do. 

J. Hamilton, Captain. 

William Campbell, do. 
George Hamilton, do. 
John L. Elbert, Surgeon. . 
N. Rlcketts, Lieutenant. 
David Hopkins, Captain. 
Basil Burgess, Lieutenant. 
Thomas Price, do. 

James Smith, Captain. 
Jonathan Morris. 
Edward Hall, Lieutenant. 
Isaac Rawlings, do. 
Edward Oldham, Captain. 
William Reily, do. 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 



489 



John Kilty, Captain. 

John Jordan, do. 

Perry Benson, do. 

Lloyd Beall, do. 

Abraham Lamar, do. 
Michael Boyer, do. 

John J. Jacobs, Lieutenant. 
Edward Dyer, Captain. 
Philip Reed, do. 

Samuel Hanson, Lieutenant. 
Arthur Harris, do. 

Samuel B. Beall, do. 

Edward Spurrier, Captain. 
James Peale, do. 

J. Brevitt, Lieutenant. 

William Pendergast, do. 
Thomas Rouse, do. 

William Kilty, Surgeon. 
Francis Revelly, Captain. 
Thomas Bealty, Lieutenant. 
Mark McPherson, do. 
Henry Gaither, Captain. 
John Sears, Lieutenant. 
Christopher Richmond, Captain. 
Edward Compton, Lieutenant. 
Jno. H. Stone, Colonel. 
Samuel F. Keene, Surgeon's Mate. 
John Sprigg Belt, Captain. 
Samuel Smith, Lieutenant-col. 
John Gunby, Colonel. 
James Craike, Physician. 
John Hughes, Captain. 
Ban.iamin Price, do. 
James Bruff, do. 

William Bruce, do. 
Elisha Harrison, Surgeon's Mate. 
A. Tannehill, Captain. 
J. D. Carey, Lieutenant. 
James Mann, Surgeon. 
John Gassaway, Captain. 
Thomas A. Dyson, Lieutenant. 
Henry Clements, do. 

Samuel Edmiston, do. 
John T. Lowe, do. 

William Smoote, do. 

Elihu Hall, do. 

Malachi Bonham, do. 

Hezekiah Ford, do. 

Gerard Wood, Surgeon's Mate. 
Henry H. Chapman,. Lieutenant. 
Isaac Hanson, do. 

Benjamin Fickle, do. 



R. Anderson, Captain. 
John Smith, do. 

James W. Gray, do. 
John Mitchell, do. 
Nathan Wright, Lieutenant. 
William Goldsborough, do. 
Walter Muse, Captain. 
James Baques, Lieutenant. 
Clement Skerrett, do. 
Henry Gassaway, do. 
Robert Gerry, do. 

Edward Pratt, Captain. 
Horatio Clagett, Captain. 
John Swan, Major. 
James M. Llngan, Captain. 
Rezin Davis, do. 

James McFadon, Lieutenant. 
Mountjoy Bailey, Captain. 
Paul Bentalou, do. 

John Carlisle, Major. 
R. McAllister, Captain. 
John Gale, Major. 
Richard Waters, Captain. 
Moses Rawlings, Colonel. 
George Handy, Captain. 
John Trueman, Lieutenant. 
Gassaway Watkins, Captain. 
Joseph Smith, do. 

Levin Denwood, Surgeon. 
Alexander Trueman, Captain. 
Joseph Cross, Lieutenant. 
John Smith, Captain. 

James Somerville, do. 
Robert Denny, Lieutenant. 
James G. Heron, Captain. 
Daniel Jennifer, Surgeon. 
John E. Howard, Colonel. 
J. C. Hail, do. 

R. Pindell, Surgeon. 
J. Sellman, Major. 
Tench Tilghman, Lieut.-Colonel. 
Levin Winder, do. 

Walter Warfleld, Surgeon. 
Thomas Woolford, Lieut. Colonel. 
Benjamin Brooks, Major. 
Thomas Lansdale, do. 
L. W. Williams, Captain. 
James Ewing, do. 

Richard Chiderson, do. 
James Winchester, do. 
Samuel T. Wright, do. 
G. Winchester, Lieutenant. 



490 ACTS OF THE LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA. 



D. Luckett, Lieutenant. 

Osborn Williams, do. 

John Lynn, do. 

Joshua Rutledge, do. 



Philip Hill, Lieutenant. 
P. Fitzhugh, Captain. 
Nathan Wright, Lieutenant. 
John Lynch, Major. 



ACTS OF THE LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA. 

Relating to Bounty Lands, Half-pay and Commutation, 
and to the assumption of the payment of the 
Half-pay Claims of Virginia by the General Gov- 
ernment, per Act of Congress, Approved July 5,183a. 

Congress, by acts of the 16th and 18th of September, 1776, and 
others subsequent thereto, stipulated grants of land to the offi- 
cers and soldiers of the Continental army, and to certain offi- 
cers of the medical department. At that period, Congress had 
no land at its disposal, for all of it belonged to the States ; and 
it would have been compelled to purchase lands to make good 
its contracts, had it not been for the liberality of the States. 
In Congress, September 13, 1783. 

The committee, consisting of Mr. Rutledge, Mr. Ellsworth, 
Mr. Bedford, Mr. Gorham, and Mr. Madison, to -whom was 
referred the act of the Legislature of Virginia, of the 2d of 
January, 1781, and the report thereon, report that they have 
considered the several matters referred to them, and observe 
that the Legislature of Virginia, by the act of the 2d of Jan- 
uary, 1781, resolved that they would yield to the Congress of 
the United States for the benefit of the said States, all right, 
title, and claim which the said commonwealth hath to the 
lands northwest of the river Ohio, upon the following condi- 
tions, viz : 

1. That the territory so ceded should be laid out and formed 
into States, containing a suitable extent of territory, not less 
than one hundred nor more than one hundred and fifty miles 
square, or as near thereto as circumstances will admit ; and 
that the States so formed should be distinct republican States, 
and admitted members of the federal Union, having the same 



ACTS OF THE LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA. 491 

rights of sovereignty, freedom, and independence as the other 
States. 

2. That Virginia should be allowed and fully reimbursed by 
the United States her actual expenses in reducing the British 
posts at the Kaskaskias, at St. Vincent's, the expenses of main- 
taining garrisons, and supporting civil government there since 
the reduction of the said posts, and, in general, all the charges 
she has incurred on account of the country on the northwest 
side of the Ohio River since the commencement of the present 
war. 

3. That the French and Canadian inhabitants, and other 
settlers of the Kaskaskias, St. Vincent's, and the neighboring 
villages, who have professed themselves citizens of Virginia, 
should have their possessions and titles confirmed to them, and 
should be protected in the enjoyment of their rights and 
liberties; for which purpose troops should be stationed there, at 
the charge of the United States, to protect them from the 
encroachments of the British forces at Detroit or elsewhere, 
unless the events of the war should render it impracticable. 

4. As Colonel George Rogers Clarke planned and executed 
the secret expedition by which the British posts were reduced, 
and was promised, if the enterprise succeeded, a liberal gratuity 
in lands in that country, for the officers and soldiers who first 
marched thither with him ; that a quantity of land, not exceed- 
ing 150,000 acres, should be allowed and granted to said officers 
and soldiers, and the other officers and soldiers that have since 
been incorporated into the said regiment, to be laid off in one 
tract, the length of which not to exceed double the breadth, in 
such place on the northwest side of the Ohio River as the 
majority of the officers should choose, and to be afterwards 
divided among the said officers and soldiers, in due proportion, 
according to the laws of Virginia. 

5. That in case the quantity of good lands on the southeast 
side of the Ohio, upon the waters of the Cumberland River, and 
between the Green River and Tennessee River, which have 
been reserved by law for the Virginia troops upon Continental 



492 ACTS OF THE LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA. 

establishment, should, from the North Carolina line bearing 
in further upon the Cumberland lands than was expected, 
prove insufficient for their legal bounties, the deficiency should 
be made up to the said troops in good lands, to be laid off 
between the rivers Scioto and Little Miami, on the northwest 
side of the Ohio, in such proportions as have been engaged to 
them by the laws of Virginia. 

6. That all the lands within the territory so ceded to the 
United States, and not reserved for, or appropriated to, any of 
the before-mentioned purposes, or disposed of in bounties to 
the officers and soldiers of the American army, should be con- 
sidered as a common fund for the use and benefit of such of the 
United American States as have become, or shall become, mem- 
bers of the confederation or federal alliance of the said States, 
Virginia inclusive, according to their usual respective propor- 
tions in the general charge and expenditure, and should be 
faithfully and bona fide disposed of for that purpose, and for 
no other use or purpose whatever. 

7. And therefore, that all purchases and deeds from any 
Indian or Indians, or from any Indian nation or nations, for 
any lands within any part of the said territorv which have 
been, or should be, made for the use or benefit of any private 
person or persons whatsoever, and royal grants within the ceded 
territory, inconsistent with the chartered rights, laws, and cus- 
toms of Virginia, should be deemed and declared absolutely void, 
and of no effect, in the same manner as if the said territory had 
still remained subject to, and part of, the Commonwealth of 
Virginia. 

8. That all the remaining territory of Virginia, included be- 
tween the Atlantic Ocean and the southeast side of the river 
Ohio, and the Maryland, Pennsylvania, and North Caroliua 
boundaries, should be guaranteed to the Commonwealth of Vir- 
ginia by the said United States. 

Whereupon your committee are of opinion, that the first con- 
dition is provided for by the act of Congress of the 10th of 
October, 1780. 



ACTS OF THE LEGISLATURE OP VIRGINIA. 493 

That in order to comply with the second condition, so far as 
has been heretofore provided for by the act of October 10, 1780, 
it is agreed that one commissioner should be appointed by 
Congress, one by the State of Virginia, and another by those 
two commissioners ; who, or a majority of whom, should be 
authorized and empowered to adjust and liquidate the account 
of the necessary and reasonable expenses incurred by the said 
State, which they may judge to be comprised within the true 
intent and meaning of the said recited act. 

"With respect to the third condition, the committee are of 
opinion that the settlers therein described should have their 
possessions and titles confirmed to them, and be protected in 
the enjoyment of their rights and liberties. 

Your committee are further of opinion that the fourth, fifth, 
and sixth conditions, being reasonable, should be agreed to by 
Congress. 

With respect to the seventh condition, your committee are 
of opinion that it would be proper for Congress to declare the 
purchases and grants therein mentioned, absolutely void and 
of no effect ; and that the sixth condition, engaging how the 
lands beyond the Ohio shall be disposed of, is sufficient on this 
point. 

As to the last condition, your committee are of opinion that 
Congress cannot agree to guarantee to the Commonwealth of 
Virginia the land described in the said condition, without 
entering into a discussion of the right of the State of Virginia 
to the said land ; and that, by the acts of Congress, it appears- 
to have been their intention to avoid all discussion of the terri- 
torial rights of individual States, and only to recommend and 
accept a cession of their claims, whatsoever they might be, to 
vacant territory. Your committee conceived this condition of a 
guarantee to be either unnecessary or unreasonable ; inasmuch 
as, if the land above mentioned is really the property of the 
State of Virginia, it is sufficiently secured by the confederation; 
and if it is not the property of that State, there is no reasoa or 
consideration for such guarantee. 



494 VIRGINIA BOUNTY LANDS. 

Your committee, therefore, upon the whole, recommend, that 
if the Legislature of Virginia make a cession conformable to 
this report, Congress accept such cession. 

The Legislature of Virginia did, at their session commenced 
October 20, 1783, cede to the United States the said territory, on 
the principles recited in the aforesaid act of September 13, 1783. 
Virginia Bounty Lands. 

Virginia, holding immense tracts of unappropriated land, 
very soon adopted the idea suggested by Congress, of granting 
land bounties to her officers and soldiers, both in the State and 
Continental establishments ; and having it more in her power, 
she was more liberal than Congress in those grants. 

By act of May, 1779, chapter G, concerning officers, soldiers, 
sailors, marines, 'a bounty of one hundred acres is allowed to 
each private at the end of the war ; and to the officers, the like 
quantity as is allowed to officers of the same rank in the Vir- 
ginia regiments on Continental establishment. By the same 
law, two hundred acres are given to each volunteer soldier who 
served under Colonel George Clarke, until the reduction of the 
posts in the Illinois country, and to each soldier who should re- 
enlist for the protection of the Illinois country, one hundred 
acres, and the like quantity to each trooper of cavalry who 
should enlist for the war, for the defence of the eastern frontier. 

A quantity of land not exceeding 150,000 acres, was reserved 
to satisfy the officers and soldiers under Col. George Rogers 
Clarke, in the cession of the northwestern territory to the 
United States. 

The act of May, 1779, chapter 13, prescribes the evidence on 
which warrants for land bounties shall issue, and by the same 
chapter, a tract of country, bounded by the Green River, the 
Cumberland Mountains, the North Carolina Line, the Tennes- 
see River, and the Ohio River, was reserved for the officers and 
soldiers. A considerable part of this territory having fallen in- 
to North Carolina, by the extension of the boundary line be- 
tween that State and Virginia, a further tract of land, included 
within the rivers Mississippi, Ohio, and Tennessee, and the 



VIRGINIA BOUNTY LANDS. 495 

Carolina boundary line, was substituted by the act of Novem- 
ber, 1781, chapter 19, in lieu of that so fallen into North Caro- 
lina. By the same act, section 9, a provision is made for sur- 
veying their lands ; section 12 declares that the bounties in 
lands given to the officers in the Virginia line in Continental 
service, and the regulations for surveying, shall be extended to 
the State officers ; section 13 gives the cavalry the same advan- 
tages as the infantry ; and section 14 entitles the officers and 
seamen of the navy to the same advantages as those in the land 
service. 

But the act of October, 1782, is more explicit as to the' navy, 
and declares that the "officers, seamen, and marines, and their 
representatives, shall be entitled to the same bounty in lands 
and other emoluments as the officers and soldiers of the Vir- 
ginia Line on Continental establishment." 
Act October, 1779, Chapter 9. 
Be it enacted by the General Assembly, That every person act- 
ing as chaplain, surgeon, or surgeon's mate, to any regiment or 
brigade of officers and soldiers raised in this Commonwealth, 
and upon Continental establishment, and who hath or shall 
hereafter serve in that office the space of three years, or during 
the war, shall be entitled to and have the like quantity of lands 
as is by law allowed to commissioned officers receiving the same 
pay and rations. 

Chapter 21 of the Act of October, 1779, fixes the quantity of 
land referred to in chapter 9, as follows : 

Be it enacted, That the officers who shall serve in the Vir- 
ginia Line on Continental establishment, or in the army or 
navy on State establishment, to the end of the present war, and 
the non-commissioned officers, soldiers, and sailors, upon either 
of the said establishments, their airs or legal representatives, 
shall respectively be entitled to and receive the proportion and 
quantities of land following: That is to say, every Colonel, 
5,000 acres ; every Lieutenant- Colonel, 4,500 acres ; every Major, 
4,000 acres ; every Captain, 3,000 acres ; every subaltern, 2,000 
acres ; every non-commissioned officer, who, having enlisted for 



496 VIRGINIA BOUNTY LANDS. 

the war, shall have served to the end thereof, 400 acres ; and 
every soldier and sailor, under the like circumstances, 200 
acres ; every noncommissioned officer, who, having enlisted 
for the term of three years, shall have served out the same, or 
to the end of the present war, 200 acres ; and every soldier and 
sailor, under the like circumstances, 100 acres ; everv officer of 
the navy, the same quantity of land as an officer of equal rank 
in the army. And where any officer, soldier, or sailor, shall 
have fallen or died in |the service, his heirs or legal representa- 
tives 6hall be entitled to and receive the same quantity of land 
as would have been due to such officer, soldier, or sailor respec- 
tively, had he been living. 

Act October, 1780, Chapter 3. 

And each recruit, and also all our soldiers, now in service, 
that have already enlisted, or may hereafter enlist, by the first 
day of April next, to serve during the war, and who shall con- 
tinue to serve faithfully to the end thereof, shall then receive a 
healthy sound negro, between the ages of ten and thirty years, 
or sixty pounds in gold or silver, at the option of the soldier, in 
lieu thereof, to be paid for or procured by equal assessment on 
property ; and moreover, be entitled to 300 acres of land, in lieu 
of all such bounties given by any former laws. 
October, 1780, Chapter 27. 

Be it enacted, That there shall be allowed to a Major general 
15,000 acres of land, and to a Brigadier-general, 10,000 acres of 
land, to be reserved to them and their heirs, in the same man- 
ner and on the same conditions, as is by law heretofore directed 
for the officers and soldiers of the Virginia Line in Continental 
service ; and there shall be, moreover, allowed to all the officers 
of this State, on Continental or State establishments, or to the 
legal representatives of such officers, according to their respec- 
tive ranks, an additional bounty in lands, in the proportion of 
one-third of any former bounty heretofore granted them. 

And be it further enacted, That the legal representatives of 
any officer on Continental or State establishments, who may 
have died in the service before the bounty of lands granted by 



VIRGINIA BOUNTY LANDS. 497 

this or any former law, shall be entitled to demand and receive 
the same, in like manner as the officer himself might have done 
when living, agreeable to his rank. 

Act May, 1782, Chapter 47. 
And be it further enacted, That any officer or soldier who 
hath not been cashiered or superseded, and who hath served 
the term of three years successively, shall have an absolute and 
unconditional title to his respective apportionment of the land 
appropriated, as aforesaid ; and for every year which every such 
officer or soldier may have continued, or shall hereafter con- 
tinue in service, beyond the term of six years, to be computed 
from the time he last went into service, he shall be entitled to 
one sixth part in addition to the quantity of land appropriated 

to his rank respectively. 

Act October, 1782, Chapter 35. 
And that all officers, seamen, and marines, or their represen- 
tatives, shall be entitled to the same bounty in lands and other 
emoluments as the officers and soldiers of the Virginia Line on 

Continental establishment. 

Act October, 1783, Chapter 4. 
And be it further enacted, That the surveys under the direc- 
tion of the. superintendents, and the claimants having a right 
to survey from the priority of their numbers, shall proceed in 
the first place to survey all the good lands, to be judged of by 
the superintendents, in that tract of country lying on the Cum- 
berland and Tennessee rivers, as set apart by law for the said 
officers and soldiers, and then proceed in like manner to survey 
on the northwest side of the Ohio River, between the rivers 
Scioto and Little Miami, until the deficiency of all military 
bounties in lands shall be fully and amply made up. 

Act October, 1784, Chapter 16. 
Be it enacted, That the Governor, with the advice of the 
Council, shall be, and he is hereby, authorized and empowered 
to suspend, for such time as he may think the tranquillity of 
the government may require, the surveying or taking posses- 
sion of those lands that lie on the northwest side of the river 
Ohio, or below the mouth of the river Tennessee. 



498 VIRGINIA BOUNTY LANDS. 

In consequence of this last act the Governor of Virginia 
issued two proclamations, suspending surveys, the latter of 
which is as follows : 

• PROCLAMATION. 
Whereas, in pursuance of the act of the General Assembly 
entitled "An act authorizing the Governor, with the advice of 
the Council, to suspend, when necessary, the surveying of cer- 
tain lands in the western country," his Excellency the Gov- 
ernor, with the advice of the Council of State, on the 6th day 
of January, in the year of our Lord 1785, did suspend the tak- 
ing possession and surveying of any lands on the northwest 
side of the Ohio, or below the mouth of the river Tennessee, 
until authority for that purpose should hereafter be given, it 
appearing that the tranquillity of the government did at that 
time require such suspension ; but whereas the United States 
in Congress assembled, on the 9th day of May, in the year of 
our Lord 1786, did resolve "that the surveyors, appointed pur- 
suant to the ordinance for ascertaining the mode of disposing 
of lands in the western territory, should proceed in the execu- 
tion thereof, within the east and west lines therein mentioned," 
and the superintendents of the surveys to be made on the lands 
allotted to the Virginia Line on Continental establishment, 
have requested that so much of the said proclamation as 
relates to the lands on the northwest side of the Ohio, should 
be annulled, and I have therefore thought fit, with the advice 
of the Council of State, hereby to annul so much of the said 
proclamation as relates to the lands on the northwest side of 
the Ohio. Edmund Randolph. 

In the year 1784, the superintendent appointed by the depu- 
tation of officers, proceeded to Kentucky for the purpose of lay- 
ing off and surveying the lands in the military districts of the 
Kentucky reserve, but found them in the possession of the In- 
dians, and claimed by them. The settlers in the country earn- 
estly represented to the Legislature of Virginia, that, if the sur- 
veys were persisted in, the infant and defenceless settlements in 
Kentucky would be involved in all the horrors and calamities 



VIRGINIA BOUNTY LANDS. 499 

of an Indian war. Accordingly, at the October session of 1784, 
the Legislature authorized the Governor of Virginia to suspend, 
for such time as he may think the tranquillity of the govern- 
ment may require, the surveying or taking possession of those 
lands which lie on the northwest side of the Ohio River, or be- 
low the mouth of the Tennessee River, and which have been re- 
served for the officers and soldiers of the Virginia Line, and the 
Illinois Regiment. In pursuance of this authority, the Gover- 
nor of Virginia, on the 6th of January, 1785, issued his procla- 
mation suspending the surveys. Thus Virginia, by her own 
act, put it out of the power of her officers and soldiers, after the 
Gth of January, 1785, to locate their warrants. This inhibition 
by the State authority continued until the 10th of January, 
1786, when tbe prohibition was continued by the act of the Gen- 
eral Government. 

At that date, the treaty of Hopewell was concluded between 
the United States and the Chickasaw Indians, guaranteeing to 
the Indians, as part of their habitation and hunting-ground, 
all the lands below the Tennessee River, and providing that if 
any citizen-of the United States, or any person not being an In- 
dian, shall attempt to settle in any of the lands thereby allotted 
to the Chickasaws to live and to hunt on, such person shall for- 
feit the protection of the United States of America, and the 
Chickasaws may punish him or not, as they please. 

The treaty of Hopewell remained in force until 1818, when the 
Indian title was extinguished. After that period Kentucky 
would not permit the location of military warrants to be made. 

"Prom 1792 to 1800, that portion of Kentucky, 1 ' says the Aud- 
itor of that State, "east of the high lands between the Tennes- 
see and the Cumberland rivers, and reserved for the officers 
and soldiers of the Virginia State and Continental Lines, was 
not held in much estimation by the early land speculators and 
settlers, owing to the fact of the fear of Indian hostility, and 
likewise a belief that all the good lands on the rivers and creeks 
had been appropriated by the military claims, and the remain- 
der thereof was poor and barren. Kentucky valued them thus: 



500 



OFFICERS RECEIVING LAND WARRANTS. 



In 1795, at $30 per 100 acres ; in 1796, at $40 per 100 acres ; and in 
1800, at $20 per 100 acres. 

Owing to all these difficulties, military warrants in vast num- 
bers have remained unlocated, and Congress at different times 
have appropriated vast quantities of western lands to satisfy 
the demand, but so enormous has been the quantity required, 
that up to 1844, 650,000 acres of warrants still remained unsatis- 
fied and unlocated. 



A List of Officers for whose Revolutionary Serviced 
Virginia Military Land Warrants were Issued prior 



to December 31, 1784. 



George Rogers Clarke, 
Horatio Gates, 
Robert Lawson, 
Hugh Mercer, 
Daniel Morgan, 

George Baylor, 
Theodoric Bland, 
William Brent, 
Abraham Buford, 
Richard Campbell, 
William Crawford, 
William Davis, 
Christian Febiger, 
William Finnie, 
Thomas Fleming, 
Nathaniel Gist, 
William Russell, 
Gregory Smith, 
Hugh Stephenson, 



Generals. 



Colonels. 



Peter Muhlenberg, 
Charles Scott, 
Baron Steuben, 
George Weedon, 
William Woodford. 



John Gibson, 
John Green, 
William Grayson, 
Charles Harrison. 
William Heth, 
Thomas Marshall, 
George Mathews, 
Alexander McClenahan, 
George Muter, 
John Nevill, 
Isaac Reed, 
Oliver Towles, 
James Wood, 



Lieutenant colonels. 



John Allison, 
Richard E. Anderson, 
Robert Ballard, 
Otway Bird, 
Samuel J. Cabell, 
Edward Carrington, 
Jonathan Clark, 
Nathaniel Cocke, 
Joseph Crocket, 
John Cropper, 



Charles Dabney, 
William Darke, 
Elias Edmunds, 
Charles Flemming, 
Thomas Gaskins, 
Samuel Hawes, 
Samuel Hopkins, 
John Jameson, 
Levin Joines, 
Henry Lee, 



OFFICERS RECEIVING LAND WARRANTS. 



501 



Thomas Mathews, 
Richard K. Meade, 
John Montgomery, 
Presley Nevill, 
William Nelson, 
Charles Porterneld, 
Levin Powell, 
Thomas Posey, 
Holt Richardson, 



Alexander, George, 
Allen, David, 
Allen, Edward, 
Allen, John, 
Anderson, John, 
Anderson, Robert, 
Archer, Joseph, 
Archer, Peter F., 
Armistead, Thomas, 
Armistead, William, 
Ashby. Stephen, 
Ashby, Renjamin, 

Ballard, William, 
Barbee, Thomas, 
Balmain, Alexander, 
Baylor, Walker, 
Baskerville, Samuel, 
Barron, James, 
Ball, Burgess, 
Baynhain, John, 
Barbour, James, 
Bowyer, Thomas, 
Bowyer, Michael, 
Banks, James, 
Baytop, James, 
Baytop, John, 
Ballard, William, 
Baytop, Thomas, 
Baylis, William, 
Baylis, Henry, 
Barnett, William, 
Barnett, Chiswell, 
Barksdale, John, 
Ball, Daniel, 
Bailey, John, 
Baldwin, Cornelius, 
Bentley, William, 
Beale, Robert, 
Bedinger, Henry, 
Bell, Thomas, 
Bernard, William, 



Other 



Charles Simms, 
William B. Taliaferro, 
Richard Taylor, 
Benjamin Temple, 
Gustavus B. Wallace, 
Frederick Warnock, 
William Washington, 
John Webb. 



Bennett, William, 
Beck, John, 
Beale, Robert, 
Berry, George, 
Bilfleld, John, 
Bell, Henry, 
Biggs, Benjamin, 
Blackwell, Joseph, 
Blackwell, John, 
Blackwell, Samuel, 
Blackmore, George, 
Blanden, Seth, 
Blair, John, 
Browne, Thomas, 
Booker, Samuel, 
Booker, Lewis, 
Bohannan, Ambrose, 
Bowyer, Henry, 
Boush, Charles, 
Bowen, John, 
Boswell, Meacham, 
Brodie, Ludwick, 
Browne, Windsor, 
Brookes, Walker, 
Bradford, Samuel K., 
Breckinridge, Alexander, 
Brown, Jacob, 
Brownlee, William, 
Brown, Williamj 
Brown, John, 
Brittain, John, 
Breckinridge, Robert, 
Bruin, Peter B., 
Brooke, Edmund, 
Brooke, Francis, 
Brooke, John, 
Brown, Robert, 
Broadus, James, 
Broadus, William, 
Bradley, James, 
Brashier, Richard, 
Bradley, Christopher, 



D02 



OFFICERS RECEIVING LAND WARRANTS. 



Butler, Lawrence, 
Burton, Hutchins, 
Burfort, Thomas, 
Bucker, Thomas, 
Butler, Samuel, 
Bullock, Rice, 
Burwell, Nathaniel, 

Christie, Thomas. 

Campbell, William, 

Campbell, Samuel, 

Campbell, Archibald, 

Carrington, Mayo, 

Carrington, George, 

Carrington, Clement, 

Callender, Eleazer, 

Carter, John C, 

Calmes, Marquis, 

Cannon, Luke, 

Casty, Benjamin, 

Carney, Martin, 

Carey, Samuel, 

Catletts Thomas, 

Carnes, Patrick, 

Call, Richard, 

Calvert, Joseph, 

Chamberlayne, George, 

Chapman, John, 

Chilton, John, 

Cherry, William, 

Chaplin, Abraham, 

Clay, Matthew, 

Clements, Mace, 

Clayton, Philip, 

Clay, Thomas, 

Clark, Richard, 

Clark, William, 

Clark, Edmund, 

Clark, John, 

Claiborne, Richard, 

Cleverius, James, 
Coleman, Samuel, 

Coleman, Jacob, 
Coleman, Whitehead, 
Coleman, John, 
Coleman, Richard, 
Coleman, Wyatt, 
Cowherd, Francis, 
Cowne, Robert, 
Coverley, Thomas, 
Cotterill, William, 
Conway, Joseph, 
Coke, Calvin, 



Coke, Pleasant, 
Cooper, Leonard, 
Croghan, William, 
Craddock, Robert, 
Crawford, John, 
Crump, Abner, 
Crittenden, John, 
Crame, James, 
Craig, James, 
Crute, John, 
Cunningham, William, 
Cubberton, James, 
Curry, James, 

Dandridge, John, 
Dandridge, Robert, 
Dandridge, Alexander, 
Davis, Joseph, 
Dawson, Henry, 
Darby, Nathaniel, 
Dade, Francis, 
Davenport, Opie, 
Dedham, Archibald, 
Delaplane, James, 
Dix, Thomas, 
Digges, Dudley, 
Dickerson, Edmonds, 
Dixon, Anthony F., 
Dick, Alexander, 
Dicklawman, Christopher, 
Dobson, Robert, 
Drew, Thorns H„ 
Drew, John, 
Draper, George, 
Dudley, Henry, 
Dudley, Robert, 
Duff, Edward, 
Durall, Daniel, 
Dye, Jonathan, 

Easton, Philip, 
Easton, Richard, 
Edmonds, Thomas, 
Eddins, Samuel, 
Edwards, Leroy, 
Edmonson, Benjamin, 
Eggleston, Joseph, 
Eggleston, William, 
Eppes, Williams, 
Brskine, Charles, 
Eppes, William, 
Eskridge, William, 



OFFICERS RECEIVING LAND WARRANTS. 



503 



Eustance, John (1), 
Eustance, John (2), 
Evans, George, 
Evans, William, 
Ewell, Charles, 
Ewell, Thomas, 
Ewing, Alexander, ^ 

Fontleroy, Henry, 
Fontleroy, Griffith, 
Finn, Thomas, 
Findley, Samuel, 
Ferguson, Robert, 
Fields, Reuben, 
Fitzgerald, John (1), 
Fitzgerald, John <,2,», 
Fitzhugh, William, 
Fitzliugh, Perigrine, 
Fleet, John, 
Fleet, Henry, 
Flemming, John, 
Fowler, William, 
Fox, Thomas, 
Fox, Nathaniel, 
Foster, James, 
Foster, Robert, 
Foster, John, 
Frazey, Falvy, 

Gault, Patrick, 
Gault, John M., 
Gaines, William F., 
Garland, Peter, 
Gamble, Robert, 
George, William, 
Gerault, John, 
George, Kobert, 
Gibson, John, jun., 
Gilchrist, George, 
Gill, Samuel, 
Gibbs, Churchill, 
Gillis^n, John, 
Giles, John, 
Glasscock, Thomas, 
Gordon, Arthur, 
Gordon, Ambrose, 
Goodwin, Dinwiddie, 
Green, John, 
Green, Robert, 
Green, Samuel B., 
Green, Gabriel, 
Graves, William. 
Gray, Godfrey, 



Gray, William, 
Griffith, David (1), 
Graham, Walter, 
Gratton, John, 
Gray, Francis, 
Gray, James, 
Gray, George, 
Griffith, David (2), 
Greer, Charles, 
Guthrie, George, 

Hardiman, John, 
Hayes, John, 
Harrison, John P., 
Harrison, John, 
Harrison, Valentine, 
Harrison, Charles, 
Harrison, James, 
Harrison, Richard, 
Harrison, William R. 
Harper, James, 
Hackley, John, 
Hamilton, James, 
Hays, Thomas, 
Harcum, Rhodam, 
Harris, John (1), 
Harris, Jordan, 
Harris, John (2), 
Haney, Holland, 
Hawkins, John, 
Hawkins, Moses, 
Harvie, John, 
Heth, John, 
Heth, Henry, 
Healy, Martin, 
Henderson, David, 
Herbert, Thomas, 
Hill, Thomas, 
Hill, Bailor, 
Hite, George, 
Hite, Abraham, 
Hite, Isaac, 
Higgins, Peter. 
Higgins, Robert, 
Holmes, Benjamin, 
Hoomes, Thomas C, 
Hoomes, David, 
Hoomes, Isaac, 
Holt, John H., 
Holt, Thomas, 
Holt, James, 
Hourd, Thomas, 
Hoffler, William, 



504 



OFFICERS RECEIVING LAND WARRANTS. 



Holdconibe, John, 
Hockaday, Philip, 
Holland, George, 
Howell, Vincent, 
Hogg, Samuel, 
Holmer, Christian, 
Hughes, Pratt, 
Hughes, John, 
Hughes, Jasper, 
Hughes, Henry, 
Hudson, John, 
Humphreys, John, 
Hurt, John, 
Huffman, Philip, 

Inniss, James, 

James, Michael, 
Jennings, John, 
Jones, Samuel, 
Jones, Strother, 
Jones, Lewis (1), 
Jones, Lewis (2), 
Jones, Charles, 
Jones, Peter, 
Jones, Albrighton, 
Jones, Churchill, 
Jones, Cadwalader, 
Jouett, Matthew, 
Jouett Robert, 
Johnson, Gideon, 
Johnson, William, 
Johnson, John B., 
Johnson, William, 
Johnson, Peter, 
Jolifee, John, 
Jordan, John, 
Jones, Gabriel, 



Kays, Robert, 
Kautsman, John, 
Kennedy, James, 
Kemp, Peter, 
Kemp, James, 
Kelly, Thaddy, 
Keruy, John, 
Kinley, Benjamin, 
Kennon, John, 
Keith, Isham, 
Keller, Abraham, 
Kendall, Custis, 
Kirk, Robert, 



King, Elisha, 
King, Miles, 
Kirkpatrick, Abraham, 
Knight, John, 
Knox, James, 

Lapsley, Samuel, 
Lapsley, John, 
Lawson, Benjamin, 
Langham, Elias, 
Larty, John, 
Lawson, Claiborne, 
Lewis, William, 
Lewis, George, 
Lewis, Addison, 
Lewis, Stephen, 
Lewis, Andrew, 
Lee, John, 
Lee, Jond, 

Lee, Phil. Francis F., 
Leigh, John, 
Leitch, Andrew, 
Lipscomb, Bernard, 
Lipscomb, Reuben, 
Lindsey, William, 
Lightburn, Richard, 
Livingston, Justice, 
Liuton, John, 
Lilley, Thomas, 
Lipscomb, Yancey, 
Lovely, William L., 
Long, William, 
Long, Reuben, 
Longworth, Burgess, 
Long, Gabriel, 
Longsford, William, 
Ludiman, vv illiain J., 
Lucas, James, 
Lucas, Nathaniel, 
Lynd, Arthur, 

Marks, John, - 
Marshall, John, 
Marshall, Thomas, 
Marshall, Humphrey, 
Marshall, James M., 
Mallory, Philip, 
Maury, Abraham, 
Mabin, James, 
Mann, David, 
Marston, John, 
Massey, Thomas 



OFFICERS RECEIVING LAND WARRANTS. 



505 



Marks, Isaiah, 
Markham, James, 

.-Martin, Thomas, 
AJazaret, John, 
Magill, Charles, 
McDowell, John, 
McWilliams, Joshua, 
MoMahon, William, 
McClung, Walter, 
McGuire, William, 
McAdam, Joseph, 
MeCarty, Richard, 
Mc Adams, John, 
McElhany, John, 
Meriwether, Thomas, 
Meriwether, David, 
Meriwether, James (1), 
Meriwether, James (2), 
Meriwether, James (3), 
Meade, Bverard, 
Mercer, John F., 
Meredith, William, 
Mills, John, 
Miller, David, 

Miller, Jarran, 

Miller, Thomas, 

Miller, William, 

Minnjs, Francis, 

Mianis, Holman, 

Minnis, Callowhill, 

Middleton, Bazil, 

Moody, Edward, 

Moody, James, 

Morton, James, 

Mosely, Benjamin (1), 

Mosely, William, 

Mosely, Benjamin (2), 

Moon, Alexander, 

Moore, William, 

Moore, John, 

Moore, Peter, 

Moore, Elson, 

Moss, Henry, 

Morrow, Robert, 

Morton, Hezekiah, 

Morgan, Simeon, 

Morgan, Spencer, 

Montague, Richard, 

Montgomery, James, 

Moxley, Rhodam, 

Mountjoy, William, 

Muir, Francis, 

Munroe, James, 



Muir, John, 
Murray, Abraham, 
Monroe, George, 

Nelson, John (1), 
Nelson, John (2), 
Nelson, Roger, 
Nixon, Andrew, 
Norvell, Lipscomb, 
Noland, Pierce, 
Nuttall, Iverson, 

Oldham, Conway, 
Oliver, William, 
O'Neal, Ferdinand, 
Overton, Thomas, 
Overton, John, 
Payne, Thomas, 
Payne, Tarlton, 
Payne, Joseph, 
Payne, Josiah, 
Parker, Thomas, 
Parker, Richard, 
Parker, Nicholas, 
Parker, William H., 
Parker, Alexander, 
Parker, Josiah, 
Parker, Thomas, 
Parsons, William, 
Patterson, Thomas, 
Payton, Dade, 
Page, Carter, 
Peyton, John, 
Peyton, Valei^ane, 
Peyton, Henry, 
Peyton, George, 
Peyton, Robert, 
Pendleton, James, 
Pendleton, Nathaniel, 
Pelhain, Charles, 
Peinberton, Thomas, 
Pearson, Thomas, 
Perrv, John, 
Pettus, John R., 
Perault, Michael, 
Perkins, Archelaus, 
Philips, Samuel, 
Pierce, William, 
Porterfleld, Robert, 
Foiuter, William, 
Poulson, John, 
Powell, Robert, 



506 



OFFICERS RECEIVING LAND WARRANTS. 



Powell, Thomas, 
Powell, Peyton, 
Powell, Francis, 
Powers, Robert, 
Poythress, William, 
Porter, William (1), 
Porter, William (2), 
Pope, Matthews, 
Prior, John, 
Pride, William R., 
Pugh, Willis, 
Purvis, James, 

Quarles, James, 
Quarles, Henry, 
Quarles, Thomas, 
Quarles, Robert, 
Quarles, William P., 
Quarles, John (1), 
Quarles, John (2), 
Quirk, Thomas, 

Ragsdale, Drury, 
Randolph, Robert, 
Rankin, Robert, 
Ransdell, Thomas, 
Read, Nathaniel, 
Read, Edmund, 
Read, Clement, 
Renner, John, 
Reddick, Jason, 
Reddick, Willis, 
Rhea, Matthew, 
Rice^peorge, 
Rice, Nathaniel, 
Richardson, Walker, 
Ridley, Thomas, 
Rickman, William, 
Robertson, William, 
Robertson, James, 
Robins, John (1), 
Robins, John (2), 
Roberts, John, 
Rose, Robert, 
Robinson, John, 
Roane, Christopher, 
Rogers, John, 
Rogers, William, 
Roy, Beverly, 
Rooney, John, 
Russell, John, 
Russell, Albert, 
Russell, Charles, 



Russell, Andrew, 
Rust, Benjamin, 
Rucker, Angus, 
Rudder, Epaphroditus, 
Rvdman. John. 

Saunders, William, 

Saunders, Joseph, 

Saunders, Celey, 

Savage, Joseph, 

Savage, Nathaniel, 

Sansum, Philip, 

Sayres, Robert, 

Scott, Charles, 

Scott, Walter, 

Scott, Joseph, jr., 

Scott, John (1), 

Scott, John (2i, 

Scott, Joseph, sen., 

Sayers, Thomas, 

Settle, Strother, 

Seldon, Samuel, 

Shepherd, Abraham, 

Shearman, Martin, 

Skelton, Clougb, 

Shield, John, 

Shackelford, William, 

Singleton, Joseph, 
Singleton, Anthony, 
Skinner, Alexander, 
Slaughter, John, 
Slaughter, Philip, 
Slaughter, William, 
Slaughter, Lawrence, 
Slaughter, George. 
Slaughter, Augustine, 
Smith, Obadiah, 
Smith, William, 
Smith, Granville, 
Smith, Nathan, 
Smith, Francis, 
Smith, Gregory, 
Smith, Jonathan, 
Smith, William S., 
Smith, Ballard, 
Smith, Larkin, 
Smart, Richard, 
Snead, Smith, 
Southall, Stephen, 
Spottswood, John, 
Spencer, William, 
Spencer, John, 
Spiller, William, 



OFFICERS RECEIVING LAND WARRANTS. 



507 



Springer, Jacob, 
Springer, Uriah, 
Stith, John (1), 
Stith, John (2), 
Stephenson, David, 
Steele, John, 
Steele, William, 
Stokely, Charles, 
Steed, John, 
Stribling, Sigesmund, 
Stribling, Erasmus, 
Stubblefleld, George, 
Stubbletield, Beverly, 
Stoakes, John, 
Stephens, William, 
Stephens, Edward, 
Stuart, Philip, 
Starke, William, 
Starke, Richard, 
Stott, William, 
Summers, Simon, 
Summerson, Gavin, 
Swoope, John, 
Swearingen, Joseph, 
Swan, John, 

Tabb, Augustine, 
Taliaferro, Benjamin, 
Taliaferro, Nicholas, 
Taylor, Benjamin, 
Taylor, Richard, 
Taylor, Reuben, 
Taylor, Francis, 
Taylor, Isaac, 
Taylor, William, 
Taylor, Thornton, 
Tatem, Zechariah, 
Tannehill. Josiah, 
Terry, Nathaniel, 
Thompson, William, 
Thompson, George, 
Thornton, Presley, 
Thomas, Lewis, 
Throckmorton, Albion, 
Thweatt, Thomas, 
Tebbs, Thomas, 
Tinsley, Samuel, 
Tompkins, Robert, 
Tompkins, Henry, 
Tompkins, Christopher, 
Tompkins, Daniel R., 
Townes, John, 
Todd, Robert, 



Trant, Lawrence, 
Tresvant, John, 
Trabue, John, 
Travis, Edward, 
Triplett, George, 
Tutt, Charles, 
Turner, John, 
Tupman, John, 
Tyler, John, 

Upshur, Thomas, 
Upshur, James, 

Van Metre, Joseph, 
Vance, Robert, 
Vanse, William, 
Vaughan, Claiborne, 
Vaughan, John, 
Valentine, Edward, 
Valentine, Jacob, 
Vanderwall, Marks, 
Volluson, Armand, 
Vawters, William, 
. Vowles, Charles, 
Vowles, Henry, 
Vowles, Walter, 
Warman, Thomas, 
Wallace, William B., 
Wallace, James (1), 
Wallace, James (2). 
Wallace, Adam, 
Wallace, Andrew, 
Walker, Jacob, 
Walker, David, 
Walker, Levin (1), 
Walker, Levin (2), 
Waggoner, Andrew, 
Walters, Richard C, 
Watts, John, 
Walls, George, 
Washington, George, 
Waddy, Sharpleigh, 
Welch, Nathaniel, 
Webb, Isaac, 
West, Charles, 
White, Robert, 
White, John (1), 
White, John (2), 
White, Tarpley, 
White, William (I), 
White, Thomas, 
White, William (2), 
White, William (3), 



508 



VIRGINIA HALF-PAY. 



Whittaker, William, 
Whiting, Henry, 
Whiting, Francis, 
Wilson, Willis (1), 
Wilson, Willis (2), 
Winston, Benjamin, 
Winston, John, 
Winston, William, 
Williams, James, 
Williams, Edward, 
Williams, David, 
Williams, Jarrett, 
Williams, John, 
Willis, John W., 
Willis, Henry, 
Winlock, Joseph, 
Woodson, Frederick, 



Woodson, Hughes, 
Woodson, Tarleton, 
Woodson, Robert, 
Worsham, John, 
Worsham, Richard, 
Worsham, William, 
Wright, Wescott, 
Wright, James, 
Wright, Patrick, 
Wyatt, Carey, 

Yarborough, Charles, 
Yancey, Leighton, 
Y'ancey, Robert, 
Y'oung, Henry, 



Note.— After the Revolution, the greater part of these officers emigrated 
to the military land districts in Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee, where 
their representatives now reside. 



Virginia Half-pay. 
Act May Session, 1779. 

Be it enacted, That all general officers of the army, being 
citizens of this Commonwealth, and all neld-offieers, captains, 
and subalterns, commanding, or who shall command in the bat- 
talions of this Commonwealth, on Continental establishment, 
or serving in the battalions raised, for the immediate defense of 
this State, or for the defense of the United States ; and all 
chaplain, physicians, surgeons, and surgeons' mates, appointed 
to the said battalions, or any of them, being citizens of this 
Commonwealth, and not being in the service of Georgia or of 
any other State, provided Congress do not make some tanta- 
mount provision for them, who shall serve henceforward, or 
from the time of their being commissioned, until the end of 
the war ; and all such officers who have or shall become super- 
numerary on the reduction of any of the said battalions, and 
shall again enter into the said service, if required so to do, in 
the same or any higher rank, and continue therein until the 
end of the war, shall be entitled to half-pay during life, to com- 
mence from the determination of their command or service. 



VIRGINIA HALF- PAY. 509 

Act November Session, 1781. 

Be it enacted, That the officers and seamen of the navy of 
this State, as they stand arranged by a late regulation, shall be 
entitled to the same advantages as the officers belonging to*this 
State in the land service, agreeable to their respective ranks. 

The officers of Virginia under those acts prosecuted their 
claims for half-pay to judgment in the courts of the State, and 
Congress assumed the payment of those judgments, etc., by the 
following 

Act, Approved July 5, 1832. 

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- 
tives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, 
That the proper accounting officers of the Treasury do liqui- 
date and pay the accounts of the Commonwealth of Virginia 
against the United States, for payments to the officers com- 
manding in the Virginia Line in the war of the Revolution, on 
account of the half-pay for life promised the officers aforesaid by 
that Commonwealth, the sum of one hundred and thirty-nine 
thousand five hundred and forty-three dollars and sixty cents. 

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the 
Treasury be, and he is hereby, required and directed to pay to 
the State of Virginia the amount of the judgments which have 
been rendered against the said State for and on account of the 
promise contained in an act passed by the General Assembly of 
the State of Virginia, in the month of May, A. D. 1779, and in 
favor of the officers, or representatives of the officers, of the 
regiments and corps hereafter recited, and not exceeding in the 
whole the sum of two hundred and forty-one thousand three 
hundred and forty-five dollars, to wit : 

1. To the officers, or their legal representatives, of the regi- 
ment commanded by the late Colonel George Gibson, the 
amount of the judgments which they have obtained, and 
which are now unsatisfied. 

2. To the officers, or their legal representatives, of the regi- 
ment denominated the Second State Regiment, commanded, at 
times, by Colonels Brent and Dabney, the amount of the judg. 



510 VIRGINIA HALF- PAY. 

ruents which they have obtained, and which are now unsat- 
isfied. 

3. To the officers, or their legal representatives, of the regi- 
ments of Colonels Clarke and Crockett, and Captain Rogers' 
troop of cavalry, who were employed in the Illinois service, the 
amount of the judgments which they have obtained, and 
which are now unsatisfied. 

4. To the officers, or their legal representatives, serving in 
the regiment of State Artillery commanded by the late Colonel 
Marshal], and those serving in the State Garrison Regiment 
commanded by Colonel Muter, and those serving in the State 
Cavalry, commanded by Major Nelson, the amount of the judg- 
ments which they have obtained, and which arenow unsat- 
isfied. 

5. To the officers, or their legal representatives, who served in 
the navy of Virginia during the late war of the Revolution, the 
amount of the judgments which they have obtained, and 
which are now unsatisfied. 

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the 
Treasury be, and he is hereby, directed and required to adjust 
and settle those claims for half-pay of the officers of the afore- 
said regiments and corps, which have not been paid or prose- 
cuted to judgment against the State of Virginia, and for which 
said State would be bound on the principles of the half-pay 
cases already decided in the Supreme Court of Appeals of said 
State ; which several sums of money herein directed to be 
settled or paid, shall be paid out of any money in the treasury 
not otherwise appropriated by law. 

On the 12th of August, 1848, Congress appropriated a further 
sum of $81,273.17, for the payment of those Virginia half pay 
claims, and made it the duty of the agent of the State to first 
deposit authenticated copies of the acts or judgments under 
which the money was paid by the State of Virginia. 

By act of Congress, approved March 3, 1835, the adjustment 
of those claims was transferred from the Secretary of the 
Treasury to the Commissioner of Pensions. 



VIRGINIA HALF-PAT. 



511 



We will add a few cases showing the large sums 
heirs or legal representatives of officers entitled 
under this act : 

John Allison, Lieutenant-colonel $360 per annum 

William Armistead, Captain of Cavalry.. 300 " 

Thomas Armistead, Capt. of Artillery... 240 " 

Robert Andrews, Chaplain 240 

John Archer, Lieutenant, Navy 182.50 " 

John Applewhaite, Surgeon, Navy 182.50 

John Allen, Captain of Artillery 300 

William Armistead, Paymaster 180 

William Broadus, Lieutenant 160 

Rice Bullock. Lieutenant 160 " 

Samuel Butler, Lieutenant of Artillery... 200 " 

John Baily, Captain 240 

Richard Brashears, Captain 240 " 

Machin Boswell, Captain 240 " 

Wm. Ballard, Lieutenant of Artillery. . . . 200 

Samuel Barron, Captain, Navy 243.33 

James Bradley, Captain of Artillery 300 

William Brent, Colonel 450 

Isaac Browning, Lieutenant 160 " 

James Banks, Sailing-master 152.08 " 

John Brittain, do. 

Wm. Bennett, do. 

Thomas Bonewell, do. , 

John Baytop, Lieutenant 

Lataan Baily, Sailing-master 152.08 

Charles S. Bouch, Lieutenant, Navy 182.50 

Philip Bartlett, Surgeon 182.50 

William Booth, Sailing-master 152.08 

Robert Brown, Lieutenant of Artillery. . 200 

James Barron, Commodore 

Richard Barron, do. 

James Banks, do 

John Baily, Captain, Bardstown, Ky 

Gideon Johnson, Quartermaster, Warrenton, Va... 
Edward Worthington, Captain, Shelby county, Ky 

Churchill Gibbs, Lieutenant, Madison, Va 

Corbin Griffin, Captain, Williamsburg, Va 

John Cox, Captain, Norfolk, Va 



152.08 
152.08 
152.08 
160 



paid to the 
to half-pay 

... $ 7,989.04 

. . . . 8,937.53 

. . . . 4,148.38 

.... 7,284.88 

. . . . 2,153.00 

. . . . 9,138.70 

.... 6,270 41 



6,146.08 

7,057.53 

6,360.00 

10,548.16 

9,697.31 

3,081.86 

4,646.00 

6,906.40 

1,407.12 

1,960.27 

6,606.90 

1,880.42 

2,253.42 

2,982.92 

1,680.81 

2,704.f5 

2,021.20 

5,066,00 

4,779.50 

4,549.48 

6,579.'. 2 

32,382.50 

11,215.78 

5,734.12 

9,480.68 

4,303,83 

7,149.50 

7,981.53 

10,930.19 

13,715.22 



REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 

Prior to the year 1818, Congress passed no pension laws except 
for the relief of tho^e officers and soldiers who were disabled in 
the service ; consequently, all those who were not disabled, and 
died between the close of the Revolutionary war and the year 
1818, could receive no pension, for all the pension laws required 
that the soldier shall be living at the date of the passage of the 
law. 

The pension acts now in force are as follows : 
Act March 18, 1818. 

Sec 1. .Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- 
tives of the United States, in Congress assembled, That every 
commissioned officer, non-commissioned officer, musician, and 
private soldier, and all officers in the hospital department and 
medical staff, who served in the war of the Revolution to the end 
thereof, or for the term of nine months, or longer, at any period 
of the war, on the Continental establishment, and every com- 
missioned officer, non-commissioned officer, mariner, or marine, 
who served at the same time, and for a like term, in the naval 
service of the United States, who is yet a resident citizen of the 
United States, and who is, or hereafter, by reason of his reduced 
circumstances in life, shall be in need of assistance from his 
country for support, and shall have substantiated his claim to 
a pension in the manner hereinafter directed, shall receive a 
pension from the United States : if an officer, of twenty dollars 
per month during life ; if a non-commissioned officer, musician, 
mariner, marine, or private soldier, of eight dollars per month 
during life : Provided, no person shall be entitled to the provi- 
sions of this act until he shall have relinquished his claim to 
every pension heretofore allowed him by the laws of the United 
States. 

512 



REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 513 

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That, to entitle any person 
to the provisions of this act, he shall make a declaration, under 
oath or affirmation, before the district judge of the United States 
of the district, or before any judge or court of record of the 
county, State, or territory in which the applicant shall reside, 
getting forth, if he belonged to the army, the company, regi- 
ment, and line to which he belonged ; the time he entered ser- 
vice, and the time and manner of leaving the service ; and, in 
case he belonged to the navy, a like declaration, setting forth 
the name of the vessel and particular service in which he was 
employed, and the time and manner of leaving the service, and 
shall offer such other evidence as may be in his power ; and on 
its appearing, to the satisfaction of the said judge, that the ap- 
plicant served in the Revolutionary war as aforesaid, against 
the common enemy, he shall certify and transmit the testimony 
in the case, and the proceedings had thereon, to the Secretary 
for the Department of War, whose duty it shall be, if satisfied 
the applicant comes under the provisions of this act, to place 
such officer, musician, mariner, marine, or soldier, on the pension 
list of the United States, to be paid in the same manner as pen- 
sions to invalids who have been placed on the pension list are 
now paid, and under such restrictions and regulations, in all 
respects, as are prescribed by law. 

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That every pension, by vir- 
tue of this act, shall commence on the day that the declaration 
under oath or affirmation, prescribed in the foregoing section, 
shall be made. 

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That, from and after the 
passage of this act, no sale, transfer, or mortgage, of the whole, 
or any part, of the pension in pursuance of this act, shall be 
valid ; and any person who shall swear or affirm falsely in the 
premises, and he be thereof convicted, shall suffer as for willful 
and corrupt perjury. 

The above act relates to the Continental army alone, or those 
forces raised by Congress and serving in the regular army of 



514 REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 

the United Colonies, and those serving in the Continental 
navy. 

Soon after the passage of this act, applications for pensions 
numbering about eight thousand had accumulated, so that on 
the 1st May, 1820, Congress appears to have been alarmed into 
the passage of an act to the effect that after March 4, 1820, no 
person shall be entitled to the further benefits of this act "un- 
til he shall have exhibited to some court of record, in the coun- 
ty, city, or borough in which he resides, a schedule subscribed by 
him, containing his whole estate and income." Being poor, yet 
possessing too much of the spirit of '76, to permit their "goods 
and chattels 1 ' to be exposed to the gaze of the public, many re- 
fused a compliance with the provisions of this act ; and others 
possessed of some estates could not affirm that they stood in 
"need of the assistance of their country for a support." Many 
of those who had been admitted to pension prior to the passage 
of the act of May 1, 1820, made out their schedules as required, 
but in the opinion of the Secretary of War a large number of 
them were not entitled to the "assistance of their country for a 
support," and were consequently dropped from the rolls and 
ceased to be pensioners. 

The provisions of this act of May t, 1820, as the government 
afterwards discovered, operated strongly on some as an invita- 
tion to squander their property, so as to bring themselves fairly 
within the provisions of the act of 1818 ; and for this purpose 
many were known to make over their property to friends or 
children for mere imaginary considerations. 

The knowledge of these facts brought forth from Congress 
another act, approved March 1, 1823, authorizing the secretary of 
"War "to restore to the list of pensioners the name of any person 
who may have been, or may hereafter be, stricken therefrom, 
if such person has heretofore furnished, or hereafter shall furnish, 
evidence that he is in such indigent circumstances as to be un- 
able to support himself without the assistance of his country, 
and that he has not disposed of, or transferred his property, or 
any portion thereof, with a view to obtain a pension ;" and en- 



REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 515 

acting, "that no pension hereafter to be allowed on claims or 
schedules heretofore filed under the act or acts to which this act 
is a supplement, or under the provisions of this act, shall com- 
mence before the passage thereof ; and all other pensions here- 
after to be allowed, under the acts aforesaid, shall commence 
from the time of completing the proof." 

After the passage of this act of 1823, and after so many of the 
old soldiers had been "driven off the field" by the act of 1820, 
and allowed a little more time to die, the Secretary of War be- 
came more liberal in his opinions with respect to the "sched- 
ules," and large numbers of them were by degrees restored to 
the rolls— but not until they were deprived of from three to five 
years 1 pension by Congress legislating in a state of "alarm." 
Act, Approved May 15, 1838. 

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- 
tives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, 
That each of the surviving officers of the army of the Revolu- 
tion, in Continental line, who was entitled to half-pay by the 
resolve of October twenty-first, seventeen hundred and eighty, 
be authorized to receive out of any money in the treasury not 
otherwise appropriated, the amount of his full pay in said line 
according to his rank in the line, to begin on the third of March, 
one thousand eight hundred and twenty-six, and to continue 
during his natural life : Provided, That under this act no offi- 
cer shall be entitled to receive a larger sum than the full pay 
of a captain in said line. 

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That whenever any of said 
officers has received money of the United States, as a pensioner, 
since the third day of March, eighteen hundred and twenty-six. 
aforesaid, the sum eo received shall be deducted from what said 
officer would otherwise be entitled to under the first section of 
this act ; and every pension to which said officer is now entitled 
shall cease after the passage of this act. 

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That every surviving non- 
commissioned officer, musician, or private, in 6aid army, who 
enlisted therein for and during the war^ and continued in ser- 



516 REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 

vice until its termination, and thereby became entitled to re- 
ceive a reward of eighty dollars, under a resolve of Congress, 
passed May 15, 1778, shall be entitled to receive his full month- 
ly pay in said service, out of any money in the Treasury not 
otherwise appropriated ; to begin on the third day of March T 
1826, and to continue during his natural life : Provided, That 
no non-commissioned officer, musician, or private, in said army r 
who is now on the pension list of the United States, shall be en- 
titled to the benefits of this act. 

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the pay allowed by 
this act shall, under the direction of the Secretary of the Treas- 
ury, be paid to the officer or soldier entitled thereto, or to their 
authorized attorney, at such places and days as said Secretary 
may direct ; and that no foreign officer shall be entitled to said 
pay, nor shall any officer or soldier receive the same, until he 
furnish to said Secretary satisfactory evidence that he is en- 
titled to the same in conformity to the provisions of this act ; 
and pay allowed by this act shall not, in any way, be transfer- 
able, or liable to attachment, levy, or seizure, by any legal pro- 
cess whatever, but shall inure wholly to the personal benefit of 
the officer or soldier entitled to the same by this act. 

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That so much of said pay 
as accrued by the provisions of this act, before the third day of 
March, 1828, shall be paid to the officers and soldiers entitled to 
the same, as soon as may be, in the manner and under the pro- 
visions before mentioned ; and the pay which shall accrue after 
said day shall be paid semi-annually, in like manner, and un- 
der the same provisions. 

This act was passed without regard to any "property qualifi- 
cation," and being founded on the half-pay acts of the Conti- 
nental Congress and the "Gratuity Act 1 ' of May 15, 1778, no one 
could claim its provisions, unless he was adjudged to be entitled 
to "commutation" per act March 22, 1783, or to the gratuity of 
$80 per act May 15, 1778. Though precisely a half century had 
rolled between the passage of the acts of May 15, 1778, and May 
15, 1828, yet several hundreds of the time-worn and old "non- 



REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 517 

commissioned officers, musicians, and privates" came forth to 
receive the last token of their country's regard under the latter 
act ; many of whom had been "dropped" by the "alarm" act of 
May 1, 1820. 

Invalid pensioners, placed on the rolls by the provisions of 
former acts of Congress, were required to relinquish their pen- 
sions before they could be entitled under this act, and because 
the provisions of this act, were in a majority of instances, more 
beneficial to them than their pensions, they received its benefits, 
deducting therefrom the amount of their pensions, which had 
been received by them since March 3, 1826. 

But, on the 31st May, 1830, Congress passed an act declaring 
that the 2d section of the act of May 15, 1828, "shall not be con- 
strued so as embrace invalid pensioners ; and that the pension 
of invalid soldiers shall not be deducted from the amount re- 
ceivable by them under the said act." 

But the act of May 31, 1830, was not construed by the Execu- 
tive to restore the soldier to his invalid pension from March 3, 
1826, the time from which it had been deducted, but only from 
the date of the passage of the said act of May 31, 1830; so that 
he was allowed to enjoy his two pensions only from the date of 
this latter act ; which circumstance gave rise to numerous ap- 
plications to Congress for a restoration of the invalid pension, 
which had been, contrary to the spirit of the law, deducted 
from his full pay between the periods of March 3, 1826, and May 
31, 1830. Congress by special acts restored the invalid p'ension 
thus deducted in a number of cases. 

The act of May 31, 1830, related to invalid officers alone, and 
on the 14th of July, 1832, Congress passed an act making the 
same provision for the soldier ; both of which acts were, by the 
Attorney-general, declared to be altogether prospective, so that 
the soldier did not enjoy his two pensions until after July 14, 
1832. 

All staff officers were excluded from the benefits of the act 
of May 15, 1828, except they, at the same time, held a commis- 
sion in the line, in which case the amount of their pay, under 



518 REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 

said act, is determined by their rank in said line, without 
regard to their pay in the staff. 

Act Approved June 7, 1832. 

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- 
tives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, 
That each of the surviving officers, non-commissioned officers, 
musicians, soldiers, and Indian spies, -who shall have served in 
the Continental line, or State troops, volunteers, or militia, at 
one or more terms, a period of two years, during the war of the 
Revolution, and who are not entitled to any benefit under the 
act for the relief of certain surviving officers and soldiers of the 
Revolution, passed the fifteenth day of May, eighteen hundred 
and twenty-eight, be authorized to receive, out of any money 
in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, the amount of hi& 
full pay in the said line, according to his rank, but not exceed- 
ing, in any case, the pay of a captain in the said line ; such pay 
to commence from the fourth day of March, eighteen hundred 
and thirty-one, and shall continue during his natural life ; and 
that any such officer, non-commissioned officer, musician, or 
private, as aforesaid, who shall have served in the Continental 
line, State troops, volunteers, or militia, a term or terms in the 
whole less than the above period, but not less than six months, 
shall be authorized to receive, out of any unappropriated 
money in the treasury, during his natural life, each according 
to his term of service, an amount bearing such proportion to 
the annuity granted to the same rank for the service of two 
years, as his term of service did to the term aforesaid ; to com- 
mence from the fourth day of March, one thousand eight hun- 
dred and thirty one. 

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That no person, receiving 
any annuity or pension under any law of the United States 
providing for Revolutionary officers and soldiers, shall be 
entitled to the benefits of this act, unless he shall have relin- 
quished his further claim to such pension ; and in all payments 
under this act, the amount which may have been received under 
any other act, as aforesaid, since the date at which the pay- 



REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 519 

merits under this act shall commence, shall first be deducted 
from such payment. 

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the pay allowed by 
this act shall, under the direction of the Secretary of the 
Treasury, be paid to the officer, non-commis3ioned officer, 
musician, or private, entitled thereto, or his or their authorized 
attorney, at such places and times as the Secretary of the 
Treasury may direct; and that no foreign officer shall be 
entitled to said pay, nor shall any officer, non-commissioned 
officer, musician, or private, receive the same until he furnish 
the said Secretary satisfactory evidence that he is entitled to 
the same, in conformity to the provisions of this act ; and the 
pay hereby allowed shall not be in any way transferable, or 
liable to attachment, levy, or seizure, by any legal process 
whatever, but shall inure wholly to the personal benefit of the 
officer, non- commissioned officer, musician, or soldier, entitled 
to the same. 

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That so much of the said 
pay as accrued before the approval of this act, shall be paid 
to the person entitled to the same as soon as may be, in the 
manner and under the provisions above mentioned ; and the 
pay which shall accrue thereafter shall be paid semi-annually, 
in the manner above directed ; and in case of the death of any 
person embraced by the provisions of this act, or of the act to 
whieh it is supplementary, during the period intervening 
between the semi-annual payments directed to be made by 
said acts, the proportionate amount of pay which shall accrue 
between the last preceding semi-annual payment and the 
death of such person, shall be paid to his widow, or if he leave 
no widow, to his children. 

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the officers, non- 
commissioned officers, mariners, or marines, who served for a like 
term in the naval service, during the Revolutionary war, shall 
be entitled to the benefits of this act, in the same manner as is 
provided for the officers and soldiers of the army of the Revolu- 
tion. 



§80 REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 

This act grants a pension to the officers, soldiers, and sailors, 
of every grade, who were engaged in military service during 
the Revolution for a period of two years, or for any period not 
less than six months; but excludes privateers. To those who 
served for a time less than six months, nothing has been given, 
though for four or five months they may have been in the most 
meritorious service and in the fiercest engagements. 

All staff officers whose claims were rejected under act May 15, 
1828, are admitted under this. Thus : assume the case of a per- 
son who has served for two years as lieutenant and adjutant, the 
act of 1828 only gave him $320 per annum ; but he could have, 
at any time since the passage of the act of 1882, applied, or his 
children can now apply, for the benefits of this act for his ser- 
vices as adjutant, and receive pension from March 4, 1831, to the 
day the officer died, at $480 per annum. 

By this act and that of May 15, 1828, the act of March 18, 1818, 
has been rendered disadvantageous, and consequently inopera- 
tive ; and though, to a private soldier, the act of 1818 grants a 
pension of $00 per annum, and the act of 1832 only $80, yet the 
provisions of the latter act since its*passage are more beneficial 
than those of the former ; because, on the day of the passage of 
the said act of 1832, the sum of one year's pension by enactment 
was made to have accrued and become due, from March 4, 1831, 
to March 4, 1832, which the pensioner could receive as soon after 
the 7th day of June, 1832, as he could establish his claim — and 
at the time of the passage of the act of 1828, the sum of two 
years' pension was declared to have accrued and hecome due, 
from March 3, 1828, to March 3, 1828, which the annuitant could 
also receive as soon after the loth day of May, 1828, as he could 
establish his claim. 

On the contrary, let it be assumed that on the 15th day of May, 
1828, a person applies under the act of 1818 for a pension at $96 
per annum, his pension, then, by law, could only commence on 
the day of the "completion of the proof," and no back pay will 
have accrued to him. 



REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 521 

The same is true with respect to the act of 1832, which gives 
the one year's back pay, consequently after May 15, 1828, and 
June 7, 1832, all* applications under the act of 1818 ceased to be 
made. 

Again, let it be assumed that a private applies in 1850 for a 
pension under the act of 1818 at $96 per annum, his pension can 
onlv commence from the time he completes his testimony in 1850, 
while, on the contrary, if he or his heirs apply in the said year 
of 1850 for pension under the act of 1828 or 1832, at the lower rate 
of $80 per annum, he or they will then receive the whole amount 
of back pension from March 3, 1826, or from March 4, 1831, as the 
case may be, which is far more beneficial than the pension un- 
der act 1818, to commence orily in 1850. 

The second section of the act of 1832 requires the reduction of 
all invalid and other pensions, and a total relinquishment there- 
of, before receiving its benefits ; but Congress, on the 19th of 
February, 1833, removed this restriction ; so that, since that time, 
invalids have received two pensions where their service has been 
of sufficient duration to admit them to pension per act 1832. 

On the 4th of July, 1836, with respect to the act of 1832, Con- 
gress enacted as follows : That if any person entitled to the ben- 
efits of the act of June 7, 1832, "have died since March 4, 1831, 
and before the date of said act, the amount of pension which 
would have accrued from March 4, 1831, to thetimeof his death, 
and become payable to him by virtue of that act, if he had sur- 
vived the passage thereof, shall be paid to his widow ; and if he 
left no widow, to his children, in the manner prescribed in the 
act hereby amended." 

Foreign officers, commissioned by the Continental Congress or 
any State authority, are entitled to pension under this act, but 
those not so commissioned have no claim. 

On the 14th of July, 1832, Congress again enacted, that in the 
execution of the act of 1832 ''the time of imprisonment as a pris- 
oner of war shall be taken and computed as a part of the period 
of service." The time the party was a prisoner on parole is also 
allowed as a part of his time of service. 



522 REVOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWS. 

On the 2d of March, 1833, Congress also enacted, that in the 
execution of the act of 1832, "whenever it shall be made to ap- 
pear that any applicant for a pension under the said act entered 
the army of the Revolution, in pursuance of a contract with