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Full text of "Manuscript records of the French and Indian war in the library of the Society"

EXCHANGE 



LIBRARY 

OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA. 

RECEIVED BY EXCHANGE 

Class 



I/ 



TRANSACTIONS 

AND 

COLLECTIONS 



VOLUME XI 



TRANSACTIONS 



AND 



COLLECTIONS 



OF THE 



AMERICAN ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY 



VOLUME XI 




PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY 
1909 



PUBLICATION COMMITTEE: 
GEORGE HENRY HAYNES of Worcester. 
FRANKLIN P. RICE of Worcester. 
CALEB BENJAMIN TILLINGHAST of Boston. 
DELORAINE PENDRE COREY of Maiden. 



Jflmsritan Jjlttftquarian 



MANUSCRIPT RECORDS 

OF THE 

FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR 

IN THE 
LIBRARY OF THE SOCIETY 



- PREPARED FROM THE ORIGINALS 
UNDER DIRECTION OF THE LIBRARY COMMITTEE 
BY CHARLES HENRY LINCOLN 




WORCESTER, MASS. 

PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY 

1909 



THE DAVIS PRESS 
WORCESTER, MASSACHUSETTS 



PREFATORY NOTE. 

The manuscript records of the French and Indian war 
exist only in very incomplete form and are widely scattered. 
Such official records as survive are largely in British and 
French archives or have remained in American state collec 
tions. The correspondence of prominent individuals is 
found in widely separated localities if the writers continued 
to be men of note in their later years ; and the equally import 
ant manuscripts of many temporary leaders have been 
buried because their writers soon fell from their position 
of leadership. To the student of history it is extremely 
helpful to have the location of all important manuscripts 
of any given period known. It is for this reason that the 
Society issues this calendar of the manuscripts in its collec 
tions relating to the French and Indian war. 

The first portion of this volume centers about the person 
ality of Sir William Johnson, one of the most notable of 
American Colonial leaders. Although it summarizes but 
a small portion of the correspondence of a man of wide 
influence and of long continued authority, it contains letters 
nowhere else available. For this reason if for no other it 
is a worthy contribution to American historical research. 

In the second division are manuscripts throwing further 
light upon the war with France and the work of John 
Bradstreet throughout that war. Again no pretence is 
made that the collection calendared is all-inclusive but it 
well illustrates the difficulties attendant upon the duties 
of a Colonial quartermaster and the experiences of a leader 
of frontier expeditions during the war. Born in England 
in 1711 John Bradstreet spent the greater portion of his 
life in America. From 1745 when he participated in the 
Louisburg campaign he was active in maintaining British 
control in America. His death in 1774 obviated the neces 
sity of his taking sides on the question of American inde 
pendence and left him to share with Sir William Johnson, 
who died in the same year, the credit of a vigorous opposition 



4 American Antiquarian Society. 

to French interests. Among the later Bradstreet manu 
scripts is found also a good example of the arguments and 
methods used in securing a legal title to lands obtained 
from the Indians during the stormy period preceding the 
American Revolution. 

Following these divisions is a group of miscellaneous 
manuscripts throwing additional light upon various phases 
of the war. In these the conflict in Pennsylvania is touched 
upon as well as the war in New England and the Northwest. 
Although the letters center about no one person several 
notable leaders are among the writers and the list as a whole 
is worthy of recognition. Where the names of writers 
have been forgotten the manuscripts furnish many details 
regarding the period of which they speak and are the more 
important coming from widely separated sources. 

Finally there is the Orderly Book of William Henshaw, 
a Lieutenant in Capt. Jeduthan Baldwin s company of 
provincial troops serving under Sir Jeffrey Amherst in the 
war. The one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of this 
expedition is an especially fitting time for printing this 
manuscript in full. It opens to the reader a side of military 
life which is but partially shown by letters of onlookers or 
even of participants. It is a description of camp life from 
May to November 1759, given by a minor officer on his march 
to Fort Edward and when on duty at that fort, and presents 
a more enduring picture than any occasional visitor could 
paint. 

It is upon collections such as the one here calendared 
that writers of our provincial history must rely for many 
details. States may reprint colonial records, the writings 
of colonial leaders may be preserved in printed volumes, 
but unless the owners and custodians of miscellaneous 
collections of provincial papers open their treasures to the 
student no comprehensive record can be obtained. 

WALDO LINCOLN, 
FRANKLIN P. RICE, 
NATHANIEL PAINE, 

Library Committee. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Prefatory Note 3 

Abbreviations employed 5 

The Sir William Johnson Manuscripts ... 7 

The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts . . . . 55 

Additional Manuscripts of the French and Indian War 133 

The Lieut. William Henshaw Orderly Book . . 179 

Index . 255 



ABBREVIATIONS USED. 

A. D. Autograph Document. 
A. D. S. Autograph Document Signed. 
D. S. Document Signed. 
A. L. Autograph Letter. 
A. L. S. Autograph Letter Signed. 
L. S. Letter Signed. 
[ ] Information Supplied. 

[?] Doubtful reading or information. 
*** Omissions. 



THE MANUSCRIPTS OF 
SIR WILLIAM JOHNSON. 



The Sir William Johnson Manuscripts. 



THE SIR WILLIAM JOHNSON 
MANUSCRIPTS. 



1755. Shirley, Wplliam.] Boston. Letter to Gov. 
Feb. 25. [Benning Wentworth] of New Hampshire. 
Encroachments of the French upon the English 
colonies in America and particularly upon New 
England; letters received from the home govern 
ment authorizing measures against the enemy; 
steps taken in the past; proposed movements 
set forth in [Shirley s] message to [Massachusetts] 
Assembly [Feb. 13] and reply [Feb. 18] enclosed; 
enlarges upon terms of message and reply; 
expects to appoint Col. William Johnson to 
command of expedition; by so doing will avoid 
Colonial jealousies and obtain aid from Indians; 
Massachusetts Assembly bound to secrecy regard 
ing expedition; wisdom of speedy decision on 
part of New Hampshire; sends Col. Robert 
Hale as Commissioner to explain project further 
if desired. L. S. 6 pp. 

Similar letters sent to Governors of other Colonies and 
printed: Penna. Col. Records, Harrisburg, 1851, VI, 310, 
to Lt. Gov. R. H. Morris; R. I. Records, Providence, 1860, 
V, 414, to Gov. William Greene. 

1755. Wentworth, [Benning.] Portsmouth. Letter to 
Feb. 28. Gov. William Shirley, [Boston]. Acknowledges 
letter of Feb. 24 [25?] with enclosures; considers 
proposals for Crown Point expedition reasonable 
except that Coos should be fortified; agrees as 
to excellence of appointment of Col. [William] 
Johnson as Commander in Chief but is uncertain 



10 American Antiquarian Society. 

as to manner of appointment [i. e. by Shirley]; is 
about to summon full Council of Colony and will 
consider plan in more detail; welcomes coming 
of Col. [Robert] Hale; "if he can convert the 
Exeter members * * * he will gain a great point, 
if not a miraculous one;" fears greatest difficulty 
will be the want of money and asks advice as 
to best method of raising necessary amount. 
Cont. Copy. 2 pp. 

1755. S[hirley,] Wplliam.] Boston. Letter to Gov. 
Mar. 4. [Benning Went worth,] of New Hampshire. 
Acknowledges receipt of Wentworth s letter 
[of Feb. 28] and is gratified at approval of plans 
against Crown Point; agrees that Coos should 
be fortified; gives further outlines of plans 
against the French and Indians; thinks nothing 
upon which the colonies disagree should be 
undertaken at the outset; pleased that selec 
tion of Col. [William] Johnson as Commander 
in Chief is well received; will agree to any 
method of appointment of Johnson if the result 
is the same; Col. [Robert] Hale will be glad 
of advice in working a miracle on the Exeter 
men [See: Wentworth to Shirley Feb. 28]; 
suggests three methods by which New Hamp 
shire can raise money for expedition; is to 
ask [Maj]. Genl. [Edward] Braddock for an 
engineer; hopes New Hampshire will be an 
example to the New England "Charter Gov 
ernments. 7 Cont. Copy. 3 pp. 

1755. Franklin, B[enjamin.] Philadelphia. Letter to 
Aug. 11. [Sir William] Johnson, [Johnson Hall]. 
Acknowledges Johnson s letter of Aug. 1 and 
has forwarded letter to Capt. [Robert] Orme; 
[Thomas] Pownall is in New York and letter 
[to Pownall?] will be forwarded to him; will 
acquaint Gov. [Robert Hunter Morris] with 



The Sir William Johnson Manuscripts. 11 

record of Johnson s proceedings; hopes money 
appropriated by Assembly of Pennsylvania 
may be used in part to aid him against the 
Indians but fears the provision for taxation 
of lands of the proprietors will cause the Gov 
ernor to veto the appropriation measure; 
"Thus, from petty private Considerations in 
particular Colonies, general publick good is 
obstructed;" necessity for union of the Col 
onies. A. L. S. 2 pp. 

See: A Brief View of the Conduct of Pennsylvania for 
the year 1755. London. 1756 p. 39. 

1761 . [Johnson, Sir William.] Fort Johnson. Letter to 
Dec. 9. William Smith, D[avid] Bostwick, P[hilip] V. B. 

Livingston, William Livingston and David Van- 
home, [New York]. Expedition to Detroit pre 
vented acknowledgement of their letter of Jun. 
22; introduced [Samson] Occom to the Oneidas 
as an instructor in religion as desired by the 
Society; approves effort to obtain influence over 
Indians through religious teachers as French 
have done; will do his utmost to aid them in 
their efforts to this end. Draft. Ip. 

The men addressed were the American Correspondents 
of the British Society for propagating Christian knowledge. 

1762. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Mar. 30. [Thomas] Fitch, [Hartford]. Sends speech of 

Mohawk Indians at Johnson Hall [giving their 
opinion of the claims of the Susquehanna Co. 
to land in New York and results, if claim be per 
sisted in]; has met Eliphalet Dyer and [John] 
Woodbridge : warned them as to results of settle 
ment in Wyoming Valley, but they insisted on 
claim of Connecticut to the country and inten 
tion of founding a settlement; declares "that 
effusion of blood and depopulating of the 
frontier must inevitably follow" if this intention 



12 American Antiquarian Society. 

is fulfilled; hopes Fitch will intervene in matter. 
Draft. 2pp. 

1762. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Sep. 21. [James] Hamilton, [Philadelphia]. Has been 

visited by deputies from the Susquehanna Com 
pany of Connecticut and has convinced them 
of the unwisdom of settling in the Wyoming 
Valley; fears these efforts, with the proclamation 
of Gov. [Thomas Fitch], will not prevent settlers 
from Connecticut coming; has laid the matter 
before the Lords of Trade; if settlement 
is made, expects Indians to resort to force; 
outbreak should be prevented if possible. 
Draft. 2pp. 

The deputies from Connecticut were Joseph Chew and 
Col. Thomas Fitch. 

1763. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Sir Jeffrey 
Nov. 7. Amherst, New York]. Regrets that Amherst 

is to give up the command of British forces in 
America so soon; Indians recently at Albany 
suspected of being spies; they have been sent 
to Sir William Johnson; hopes they will not be 
allowed to escape as they deserve death ; Indians 
would despise English if spies were not punished. 
Draft. 2pp. 

1763. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Nov. 17. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Can not give full 
opinions but embraces opportunity of [Henry?] 
Gage sent by Commodore [Joshua] Loring to 
write short letter; thinks former has reformed 
"from the indiscretion to which youth are 
often subject"; hopes he may receive commission 
in Commissary Department; friendly Indians 
fear war from the Delawares; doubts the loyalty 
of the Onondagas; will write more fully soon. 
Draft. Ip. 



The Sir William Johnson Manuscripts. 13 

1763. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Nov. 23. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Refers to letter 

of Nov. 17; describes the attitude of various 
Indian tribes; many are apprehensive of resent 
ment of enemies and must be treated carefully 
if they are to be held ; advice as to an expedition 
against the Senecas; proposes movements against 
the Dela wares and Shawanese; some Canadians 
to be taken to dispel Indian hope of French 
alliance; has written the Lords of Trade as to 
conditions and in regard to enlisting Indians; 
asks Gage s opinion; if latter agrees with idea 
of enlistment, requests him to give orders on 
[John] Bradstreet for supplies of arms as well as 
presents for Indians; will report results of confer 
ence with Indians as soon as held. Draft. 3pp. 

1764. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Jan. 12. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Summarizes inter 
views with Senecas and Indians from the Five 
Nations; the enlistment of Indians in colonial 
forces; Lieut. [John] Montresor and others have 
informed him of proposals made by Indians at 
Detroit; distrusts Indian promises and would 
have retained hostages if authorized; French will 
endeavor to arouse Indians and will supply them 
with ammunition; English policy is to arouse 
antagonisms between the various tribes; by 
continuance of presents would make them look 
to English rather than to the French for favors; 
encloses accounts of [Thomas] McGee, deputy 
agent; they are certified by Col. [Henry] Bouquet; 
warrants on paymaster general requested. 
Draft. 2pp. 

1764. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Jan. 20. [Thomas] Gage, [New York], Acknowledges 
Gage s letter of Jan. 8 with dispatches for Niag 
ara and Detroit; difficulties of forwarding them 



14 American Antiquarian Society. 

but hopes to do so ; refers to his letter of Jan. 12, 
and repeats certain news as to Indian interviews; 
steps taken against Senecas and a white man 
with them; latter lodged in Albany gaol; [John] 
Ellison who was captured in 1762 has obtained 
his freedom and reports that the friendly Senecas 
may be relied upon; sends Capt. [Daniel] Glaus s 
account of Indian expenses. Draft, 2pp. 

1764. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Jan. 27. [Thomas] Gage, [New York?]. Acknowledges 
letter of [Jan.] 12 forwarded by [John] Bradstreet; 
discusses royal proclamation [of Oct. 7, 1763] 
agreeing with Gage as to its utility in the " south 
ern acquisitions ; northern lands on a different 
footing; Indian problems in Canada and in 
the Northwest; advantages of missionary work 
among the Indians; recommends Niagara as 
a fitting place for Indian treaty; has heard from 
Lt. Gov. [John] Penn regarding the Conestoga 
massacre: fears the consequence of this act 
despite Penn s proclamation. Draft. 3pp. 

1764. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Feb. 19. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Acknowledges 
letters of Jan. 31 and Feb. 6; white deserters as 
well as prisoners among the Indians; expected 
outbreak of southern Indians following that 
of the northern tribes; speaks encouragingly of 
number of friendly Indians whom he can rally 
to British side; urges a treaty of offensive and 
defensive alliance with friendly Indians; speci 
fies provisions favored; [Daniel] Glaus not able 
to reach Montreal; asks certificate as to rank 
of Lt. [Guy] Johnson that latter may obtain land 
under royal proclamation; case of Christopher 
Strubble who deserted from [William] Shirley 
and has been among Indians; returned in 1759 
and was forgiven; other notes. Draft. 4pp. 



The Sir William Johnson Manuscripts. 15 

1764. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Mar. 2. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Express just 
arrived from a party of friendly Indians sent 
against enemy; on Feb. 26 party heard of Del- 
awares on way to attack English settlements 
and on Feb. 27 friendly Indians attacked them, 
took 41 prisoners from Delawares and sent 
them under escort to Johnson Hall; writer 
expects them in a few days; among prisoners 
is "Capt Bull" son of Teedyuscung; asks Gage s 
opinion as to furnishing guard for villages of 
friendly Indians while latter are on campaign; 
will send prisoners to Albany upon arrival. 
Draft. Ip. 

Friendly Indians were commanded by Capt. Andrew 
Montour. 

1764. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Mar. 16. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Acknowledges 
letters of Mar. 4 and 8; considers it wise to have 
troops near when peace treaties are made with 
Indians, and June a proper time for meeting at 
Niagara; advice for instructions to Maj. [Henry] 
Gladwin at Detroit; general meeting of Indians 
at Onondaga; ideas as to obtaining tracts of 
land from them; news regarding capture and 
disposal of hostile Indians; [See letter of Mar. 
2.] confessions of Capt. Bull; hostile Indians 
increasing and "the sooner some troops move 
will certainly be the better"; plans for joint 
action of friendly Indians and troops; advances 
of money made to Indians; further advances 
necessary; needs 5000 at once for presents, 
and 100 light shotguns for other uses; advantages 
of employing Indians. Draft. 6pp. 

1764. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 

Apr. 6. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Acknowledges 

letters of Mar. 26 and 29; favorable results of 



16 American Antiquarian Society. 

negotiations with Senecas, Five Nations, and 
other Indians at Johnson Hall; expeditions 
against the Dela wares; backwardness of prov 
inces in raising troops; advice as to expedition 
against Western Indians; approves sending one 
party via Lake Ontario and Erie to Presque Isle, 
and a second party down the Ohio and up the 
Muskingum; this would encourage friendly Indi 
ans; English parties could join by means of the 
carrying places of the Scioto [to Lake Erie]; 
hopes to hear of destruction of French at Detroit; 
urges need of money; great benefit of enlisting 
Canadians against the Indians; congratulates 
Gage on being chosen Commander in Chief in 
America. Draft. 3pp. 

The treaty with the Senecas referred to in this letter is 
printed O Callaghan: Documents relating to the Colonial 
History of the State of New York, VII, 621-623. 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas 
Apr. 30. Gage, New York]. Acknowledges letters of 
Apr. 22 and 23 and has forwarded packet to 
Detroit as requested; has written Maj. [Henry] 
Gladwin; arms for troops; has directed Capt. 
[John] Montresor to order New York levies to 
Oswego at once; Lt. Col. [Maj. William] Brown 
ing urges the forward movement fearing attacks 
at carrying places; assistance expected from 
Sir William Johnson. Draft. 2pp. 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Sir William 
May 5. Johnson, Johnson Hall]. Has written Maj. 
[Alexander] Duncan to hold troops at Oswego 
until [Johnson s] arrival; is expecting last of 
provincial recruits hourly and will be on march 
shortly so requests Johnson to await him at 
Oswego; names men and garrisons to be left 
at Fort Stanwix and Oneida Lake; Lt. [Cornelius] 
Cuyler to join Capt. [Ephraim] Lake at Fort 



The Sir William Johnson Manuscripts. 17 

Stanwix the latter to command; requests that 
Johnson s men be summoned from Fort Schuyler. 
Draft. 2pp. 

[1764.] Bradstreet, John. Albany. Letter to [Thomas] 
May 7. Gage, [New York]. Acknowledges letter of 
Apr. 30; reports from various companies of 
provincial troops assembling for expedition; 
has been told by Sir William [Johnson] that 
Indians are to join the expedition and hopes 
they will do real service rather than watch 
" according to custom"; requests commissions 
for two Majors to avoid provincial Majors com 
manding next Lt. Col. [Alexander] Campbell. 
A. L. S. lp. 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Niagara. Letter to [Thomas 
Jul. 12. Gage, New York]. Conditions at fort; morti 
fication of British troops delaying an expedition 
because of Indians, but considers latter, especially 
the Senecas, untrustworthy ; 100 friendly Indians 
in camp and more on the way; Sir William 
Johnson considers it imprudent to proceed at 
present, hopes the enemy will not retire and 
leave no opportunity for a battle; will send 
accounts of needs at Niagara. Draft. 3pp. 

1764. Bradstreet, John. Niagara. Proclamation to Indian 
Jul. 19. Traders at Niagara. Proclamation granting, 
on representation of Sir William Johnson, liberty 
to trade with distant Indian Nations at Niagara 
and prescribing regulations under which such 
trade shall be conducted. D. S. lp. 
i 

1764. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Sep. 1. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Acknowledges 
letters of Aug. 15 and 16 but has had no oppor 
tunity to write Col. [John] Bradstreet; doubts 
loyalty of Chenusios Indians; summarizes results 



18 American Antiquarian Society. 

of conference with Indians at Niagara; absence 
of "Pondiac" [Pontiac], the " Powtewatamies " 
and Ottawas; dangerous positions of small 
English outposts at long distances from supplies; 
such posts give Indians the feeling that they 
have the English at their mercy; important to 
maintain trade relations; better protected posts 
if fewer in number should be kept up; expedi- 
dition of Col. [Henry] Bouquet not started as yet; 
Indian news from Lt. Col. [William] Browning; 
Lt. Col. [William] Eyre about to go to England; 
encloses accounts of officers in his department 
and of sub-agent [Thomas] McGee. Draft. 3pp. 

1764. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Sep. 11. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Much concerned 
at news of [John] Bradstreet making treaty 
with hostile Indians at Presque Isle; thinks 
Bradstreet must have made treaty not knowing 
of advance made by Col. [Henry] Bouquet; 
treaty may be renounced by English but fears 
enemy will consider this unfair; despite this 
Johnson considers treaty void; motives of 
Indians in treating with Bradstreet; advice 
as to orders to be sent latter; hopes evil results 
may be prevented ; has sent Indian aid to Bouquet. 
Draft. 3pp. 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Detroit. Letter to [Thomas] 
Sep. 12. Gage, [New York]. Transmits a copy of his 
negotiations with various Indian tribes about 
Detroit; eagerness of certain tribes to be included 
in the treaty; encloses also (a) copies of letters 
from Capt. [Thomas] Morris on his way to the 
Illinois country; (b) oath of fidelity taken by 
inhabitants of Detroit; (c) instructions to Lt. 
Col. [John] Campbell and Capt. [William] Howard; 
(d) account of steps taken to prevent debasement 
of currency, and (e) copy of permission to people 



The Sir William Johnson Manuscripts. 19 

to trade with Indians; movements about Detroit 
by Lt. [John] Sinclair. Auto. Draft. 2pp. 
See: Bradstreet, John, Proclamation July 19, 1764. 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Detroit. Letter to [Thomas] 
Sep. 12. Gage, [New York]. As peace concluded with 
various Indian tribes "is agreeable to [Gage s] 
instructions", concludes that troops "sent [under 
Col. Henry Bouquet] by way of Fort Pitt are 
stopped"; if peace is not kept by Indian tribes, 
will punish them severely; further intelligence 
will be sent by way of Fort Pitt; writer is 
obliged to remain at Sandusky; will inform 
Bouquet and [Lt.] Gov. [John] Penn if events 
go wrong or if Indian outbreak is renewed. 
Auto. Draft. Ip. 

* 

1764. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Sep. 21. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Acknowledges let 
ter of Sep. 16; Dela wares and Shawanese Indians 
continue hostile depredations; expects peace 
with Indians met at Niagara [Aug. 6] to con 
tinue; certain Indians north of Lake Ontario 
have made peace since then; has explained 
to the Six Nations the absence of authority in 
the peace made by Col. [John] Bradstreet with 
Indians at Presque Isle; thinks Hurons and Six 
Nations regard that pact as invalid; requests 
by the "upper" Indians for provisions whenever 
messengers are sent to Johnson. Draft. 2pp. 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Sandusky. Letter to [Thomas 
Oct. 5. Gage, New York]. Assures him in answer to 
letter of Sep. 15, that negotiations with Indians 
ended in a satisfactory peace and not in a truce; 
is aroused over its infringement and has sent 
to every tribe demanding satisfaction; as Gage 
does not mention time for Indians to send dep 
uties to Sir William Johnson he has postponed 



20 American Antiquarian Society. 

the summons until following year; Indian 
troubles caused by Thomas King, chief of Onei- 
das and by the Senecas; experience of Capt. 
[Thomas] Morris confirms this; encloses reply 
of Five Nations to summons to arms; report of 
17th and 46th regiments to be sent by Capt. 
[Richard] Montgomery. Auto. Draft. 2pp. 

In a letter to Bradstreet, dated Sep. 2, Gage had 
disavowed the peace with the Indians made by the former 
and explained in letter of Sep. 12. The last named letter, 
of course, had not been received by Gage when the letter 
of Sep. 15 referred to above was written. 

After the return of the Tuscaroras from North Carolina 
in 1714-15 the Iroquois Confederacy is usually spoken of 
as the Six Nations; Bradstreet reverts to the earlier name. 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Niagara. Letter to [Thomas 
Nov. 4. Gage, New York]. Encloses copies of nine 
letters giving summary of each in an attempt 
to justify his conduct during the Detroit expe 
dition and return to Niagara; outlines happen 
ings since leaving Sandusky; efforts to aid Col. 
[Henry] Bouquet; loss of boats on lake; move 
ments and efforts of Lt. Col. [John] Campbell, 
Lt. [John] Sinclair, messengers to Indians 
etc.; difficulties in securing provisions; has 
received letter of Oct. 15 but three earlier packets 
were sent on to Detroit; has "some satisfaction" 
in approval of conduct except making "formal 
peace"; assures Gage that on receiving his letter 
by Capt. [Richard] Montgomery he will be 
convinced that this power was given him 
[Bradstreet] and the blame, if any, is not his. 
Draft. 4pp. See previous entry. 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas] 

Nov. 20. Gage, [New York]. Acknowledges letter of Oct. 26 ; 

attempts to explain parts played by various 

Indian tribes during and after the peace of 

Detroit; action of Shawanese, Delaware and 



The Sir William Johnson Manuscripts. 21 

Seneca Indians in connection with embassy of 
Capt. [Thomas] Morris; things done while Sir 
William Johnson was waiting at Niagara for the 
Senecas; further justification of writer s acts on 
return from Detroit; encloses copy of request to 
return home made by the Five Nations when at 
Sandusky ; they were allowed to go taking hostages 
of Shawanese and Delawares to Sir William 
Johnson ; complaints against Oneidas. Draft. 3pp 

1764. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Dec. 18. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Acknowledges 

letter of Dec. 6 received Dec. 16; satisfaction 
over success of Col. [Henry] Bouquet; conditions 
which may now be demanded from Indians; 
favors mouth of Kanhawa as point for trading 
post with western Indians; necessity of gaining 
over "Pondiac" for lasting peace; possession of 
Illinois country will defeat French interference; 
suggests an expedition or embassy under [George] 
Croghan the latter to be present at peace nego 
tiations going thence to the west with troops 
and with some of the Indians making peace; 
trade favors to be offered outbalancing those 
offered by French; has many Indians at his 
home "full of complaints of wants;" congrat 
ulates Gage on succeeding to position held by 
Sir Jeffrey Amherst. Draft. 3pp. 

1765. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas] 
Apr. 25. Gage, [New York]. When setting out for the 

west [Detroit expedition] in June, 1764, was 
informed by Sir William Johnson that rum must 
be provided for Indians "to make good his 
engagements"; was obliged to clothe those who 
went with him to Detroit and make presents to 
chiefs; encloses opinion of Johnson on subject 
and requests reimbursement for money thus 
t expended. Draft. Ip. 



22 American Antiquarian Society. 

1766. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter 
Jan. 7. to [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Has no 
anxiety for safety of Capt. [Thomas] Sterling; 
regards with disfavor proposition to abandon 
outposts; under upright officers military posts 
aid trade, defeat French and Indian machinations 
and hold adjacent country to English allegiance; 
some Americans wish them abandoned because 
they restrain " Republican designs" and prevent 
abandonment of "Allegiancy and Dependence 
to the British Crown"; reports disturbances 
at Albany over sale of stamps for duties; damage 
to house of Postmaster "VanScoike" [Henry 
Van Schaack.] Draft. 4pp. 

1766. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Jan. 30. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Sends letter by 
[George] Croghan; Croghan has sent [Alexander] 
McKee to Fort Pitt and [Thomas] Smallman to 
Illinois; hopes latter and Maj. [Robert] Farmar 
may aid English cause and restrain French in 
the settlement; writer s plans for tiding matters 
along until better arrangements are made with 
Pontiac; necessity of maintaining frontier posts; 
plans for expedition under Croghan; forces 
should be sent even if necessary to recall them 
later; favors reimbursement of Croghan for 
losses of previous year; encloses petition from Lt. 
[Andrew] McTavish late of Col. [Simon] Frazers 
regt. for land due to reduced officers; considers 
himself in same class; if Croghan expedition is 
approved, wishes medals etc. for Indians; 
encloses accounts of various officers. Draft. 3pp. 

1766. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Mar. 15. George Croghan, [Detroit?]. Acknowledges let 
ter and accounts of Feb. 14; has forwarded 
latter to Genl. [Thomas Gage] with recommenda 
tion for payment; advice as to method of pre- 



The Sir William Johnson Manuscripts. 23 

senting accounts; understands from Pensacola 
that the 34th regt. has reached the Illinois 
country but this will not interfere with Croghan s 
mission; probable expense of mission to be sent 
to Gage; negotiations looking to a meeting 
between Johnson and Pontiac at Oswego ; intends 
to appoint [Alexander] McKee Commissary 
at Fort Pitt; does not object to [Thomas] Small- 
man at Detroit unless earlier promises may 
have been made to Lieut. [Allen] McDonnell 
or Lieut. [Jehu] Hay recommended by Col. 
[Henry] Gladwin; other possible appointments. 
Draft. 3pp. 

1766. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter [to 
Jun. 20. Gov. [William] Franklin, [New Jersey]. Acknow 
ledges letter of Jun. 7 with enclosures; favors 
establishment of colony [along the Ohio river]; 
hopes he will use every means to bring to justice 
colonial murderers of Indians; conduct of many 
frontiersmen unwarranted; expects Benjamin 
Franklin will have an opportunity to speak 
regarding the erection of a new colony in the 
west; [Maj]. Genl. [Thomas] Gage will have no 
share in such a colony but thinks Lord Adam 
Gordon would; advises consultation with author 
ities in England. Draft. 2pp. 

This letter is printed in full on p. 47 of this volume. 

1766. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Jun. 28. Gov. Henry Moore, [New York]. Acknowledges 
letter of Jun. 14; pleased that Moore agrees 
with [Thomas] Gage and himself in plans for 
Indian settlements on frontier; is to meet Pon 
tiac and other Indians at Ontario in summer; 
if no more attacks on Indians occur, hopes to 
accomplish much at this congress in way of 
division of territory; hopes to see Moore soon 
and would be glad to have Lady Moore and his 



24 American Antiquarian Society. 

daughter come to Johnson Hall; thanks the 
Governor for his offers of favors and for his 
friendship. Draft. 2pp. 

1766. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Jul. 8. [Gov. William Franklin, New Jersey]. Encloses 
plan for colony mentioned in letter of Jun. 20, 
also letter to [Henry S.] Conway with recom 
mendations regarding the project; is writing 
Benjamin Franklin respecting the matter and 
suggests that he do the same; regrets the hos 
tility shown the Indians; is about starting to 
meet Pontiac and the western Indians at Ontario 
and does not expect to return within three weeks. 
Draft. Ip. 

This letter is printed in full on p. 47 of this volume. 

1766. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Jul. 10. Benjamin "Franklyn", [London], At request 
of Gov. [William] "Franklyn" and several 
Pennsylvania gentlemen encloses a plan for 
establishment of colony in Illinois country 
with letter to Secry. [Henry S.] Conway on same; 
requests Franklin to forward the latter; owing 
to licentious conduct of frontiersmen fears an 
Indian outbreak at any time; hopes to be able 
to satisfy Pontiac and western nations at meet 
ing in Ontario for which he is on the point of 
setting forth. Draft. Ip. 

This letter is printed in full on p. 48 of this volume. 

1766. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas 
[Jul.] 21. Gage, New York]. Has applied to the Mayor 
[of Albany] as to completion and furnishing of 
barracks for soldiers; one battalion only thus 
far provided for; demands of Sir William John 
son for boats the reason why more are not 
available for the troops ordered to march by 
Gage. Auto. Draft. Ip. 



The Sir William Johnson Manuscripts. 25 

1767. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Jan. 15. the Lords of Trade [and Plantations]. Refers 
to his letter of Oct. 8, 1766 in answer to theirs 
of Aug. 20 regarding petition of inhabitants 
of Montreal; mission of [George] Croghan has 
resulted in peace with Indians of the west assem 
bled at Illinois; efforts of French and Spanish 
to arouse dissatisfaction; frauds of Indian traders 
etc. furnish opportunities for French to stir up 
the Indians and these can be prevented only by 
enlargement of powers of the Indian Department ; 
cites illustrations of cheating by traders at 
Detroit; outlines plan mentioned in letter of 
Oct. 8 for controlling this trade; dealings of 
Col. [Thomas] Cresap with certain warriors of 
the Six Nations: considers such affairs as this 
flagrant violations of his own powers and certain 
to bring bad results. Draft. 3pp. 

Printed with slight changes: Docts. relating to Col. Hist 
of New York, VII, 894; letter of Oct. 8, 1766 ibid 871; 
Albany 1856. 

1767. Wood, Draper S. Albany. Letter to Col. John 

Feb. 3. Bradstreet, Albany. Twenty-five sleds wanted 

for Sir William Johnson s Indians to enable 

them to carry provisions from Fort Stanwix [to 

Johnson Hall]. A. L. S. Ip. 

1767. Glen, John. Schenectady. Order to Commissary 
May 28. Officers [and whom it may concern]. Orders to pass 
the bearer, Andrew English, with batteaux laden 
with provisions to be delivered to Wallace [Wouter 
Dance?] at Caughnawa for the Indians subject to 
orders of Sir William Johnson. A. D. S. Ip. 

1767. Glen, John. Schenectady. Order to Commissary 

May 29. Officers [and whom it may concern]. Orders to 

pass bearer Adam Smith and provision batteaux; 

on receipt of goods acknowledgement to be made 



26 American Antiquarian Society. 

and deficiencies to be noted on orders; goods 
to be delivered to Mr. Wallace [Wouter Dance?] 
at Fort Stanwix and held for the Indians subject 
to orders of Sir William Johnson. A. D. S. Ip. 

1767. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Aug. 14. to [William Petty], Earl of Shelburne. Refers 
to his letter to Shelburne May 30 on the subject 
of a Congress with the Six Nations at German 
Flats and the irregularities in the Indian trade; 
is about to set out for [Saratoga] Springs for 
his health; summarizes the methods he (Johnson) 
has employed in dealing and trading with 
Indians and good results therefrom; doubts 
regarding attitude of home government; result 
from methods of others; Indians becoming 
restive and consider most of the colonists as 
poor fighters but sharp traders; young men 
under little control by the old chiefs; small 
British garrisons and unwillingness of Americans 
to do anything but talk; fears that powers 
granted him are not sufficient to prevent serious 
troubles from the Indians as he can not redress 
their grievances against colonists. Draft. 4pp. 

Printed with slight changes: Doots. relating to Col. 
Hist, of New York, VII, 946. Letter of May 30 ibid 928; 
Albany 1856. Shelburne is sometimes known by his later 
title, Marquis of Lansdowne, but more generally in America 
by the earlier one. The letter as printed is from the letter 
received in England and not from this draft. 

1767. [Johnson, Sir William]. Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Sep. 22. [William Petty], Earl of Shelburne. Refers 
to his own letter of Aug. 14 and acknowledges 
receipt of Shelburne s of Jun. 20; encloses a 
"Review of the former and present state of the 
Trade, and Indian Affairs" within his district, 
which he considers a lengthy but true statement ; 
outlines methods of trade with Indians followed 
by the French; prefers them to methods now 



The Sir William Johnson Manuscripts. 27 

in use; they took trade to Canada rather than 
to New York; will render all possible assistance 
to Gov. [Sir Guy] Carleton in regard to obtaining 
information as to early traders; Indian grievances; 
Carleton obliged to send troops toward Carillon; 
no willingness shown by the colonial authorities 
to prevent encroachments on Indians about the 
Ohio; is about to go among the Senecas and 
will endeavor to decrease the prevalent dissatis 
faction. Draft. 4pp. 

Printed with slight changes; Docts. relating to Col. Hist, 
of New York, VII, 951. Review mentioned is printed ibid 
VII, 953. 

1767. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Oct. 26. [William Petty], Earl of Shelburne. Refers 

to his letters of Aug. 14, Sep. 22 and review 
enclosed in latter; has taken trip among the 
Onondagas and finds hostility of Indians greater 
than he has reported; Indians anxious for settle 
ment of boundary line between themselves and 
the colonists, and desire compensation for 
grievances suffered at hands of whites; are not 
satisfied with promises or with orders to colonial 
Governors but wish aid from the king; lacking 
this Indian chiefs can not restrain their tribes 
from attacking settlements; French emissaries 
particularly active at this time; urges necessity 
for new system of control for Indian relations; 
sends letter by [John Tabor] Kempe, Atty. 
Genl. of New York. Draft. 3pp. 

Printed with date "Oct" supplied: Docts. relating to 
Col. Hist, of New York, VII, 985. 

1768. [Johnson, Sir William]. Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Jan. 8. Rev. [Richard] Peters, [Philadelphia]. Acknowl 
edges letter of Dec. 14; is gratified that he had 
so little trouble with Indians and regrets 
that they would not continue line [of boundary 



28 American Antiquarian Society. 

between themselves and colony] so far as he 
wished; reasons for feeling among Indians; 
responsibility of French and of English settlers; 
pretentions of Delawares to lands mentioned 
by Peters may be disregarded in presence of 
Six Nations; intrusion of Virginians [upon land 
north of the Ohio] will cause trouble; hopes 
they may be removed; will do his best for the 
interests of Pennsylvania at any time; hopes 
Indian feeling will not prevent speedy adjustment 
of boundary line [with Maryland]. Draft. 3pp. 

The lands upon which the Virginians settled were along 
the Monongahela and Red Stone Creek. This land was 
claimed by the Delawares and the Six Nations of Indians 
and by Pennsylvania, Maryland and New York of the 
Colonists. For the settlement with Indians, see: Pro 
ceedings of Johnson s Congress with them in Docts. relating 
to Col. Hist, of N. Y. VIII, 38, (Mar. 2-12, 1768). Owing 
to Indian feeling, Maryland and Pennsylvania were unable 
at this time to complete the survey of their boundar;/ 
line. See Johnson to Thomas Penn, Feb. 5, 1768. 

1768. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Feb. 5. T[homas] Penn, [London]. Acknowledges letter 
of Jul. 1767 with postscript of Sep. 12, regarding 
land which King George granted to Johnson; 
requests Penn to take out the grant and promise 
payment of fees; is uncertain whether royal 
grant will cover his whole purchase from Indians 
by proper survey or not; expenses of writer 
have increased since retirement from business 
and acceptance of official position; hopes king 
will regard his needs as also his services and 
reward him accordingly; bad condition of Indian 
affairs; has heard from [Richard] Penn of a 
massacre of Indians on the frontier of Penn 
sylvania; among other bad results is unwilling 
ness of Indians to agree to boundary line between 
Pennsylvania and Maryland. Draft. 3pp. 

Grant of land referred to was an old Indian grant on 
northern side of Mohawk river. It consisted of 66,000 



The Sir William Johnson Manuscripts. 29 

acres and was given to Johnson by the Mohawks in 1760, 
Johnson giving 12,000 dollars in return. The colony of 
New York would give no patent for the land, holding that 
the Crown alone could do so and Johnson did not receive 
his patent until June, 1769, as result of application to King 
in 1766 and favorable report by Board of Trade, Feb. 1767. 
See Johnson to John Watts, Oct. 4, 1769 and Johnson s 
Memorial to Crown Jul. 8, 1766, Docts. relating to Col. 
Hist, of N. Y. VII, 839. 

1768. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Jul. 28. Gov. [William] Franklin, [New Jersey]. Acknowl 
edges letter of May 23 by S[amuel] Wharton 
and is grateful for enclosures; discusses the new 
plan for regulation of Indian trade; powers of 
Superintendent of Indian Affairs strongly 
expressed but management of trade left to the 
respective colonies; agrees with Franklin as 
to poor results to be expected; salaries increased 
but amounts for various services limited; grat 
ified that posts are to be garrisoned by British 
troops; western boundary to be settled soon; 
colonies expected to give assurances that white 
men will not pass the border line; suggests that 
New Jersey may wish her commissioners to be 
present at Indian negotiations. Draft. 2pp. 

This letter is printed in full on p. 48 of this volume. 

1768. Glen, John. Sch[enecta]dy. Order to Commissary 
Aug. 2. Officers [and to whom it may concern]. Orders 
to pass bearer with provision batteaux; on 
receipt of goods acknowledgement to be made 
and deficiencies to be noted on orders; batteaux 
in charge of "Wouter Dance" [Walter Dance?] 
to receive their load from [Douwi] Fonda at 
"Cagnowagie" [Caughnawa] and to deliver it to 
Capt. [Lt. John] Galland at Fort Stanwix; latter 
will hold goods subject to order of Sir William 
Johnson as they are for the Indians. A. D. S. 2pp. 

On verso are Glen s instructions to Wouter Dance and 
receipt from Lt. Galland to Dance, each an A. N. S. 



30 American Antiquarian Society. 

1768. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Aug. 5. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Acknowledges 
letter of Jul. 18 to Mr. [Guy] Johnson; inform 
ation regarding western Indians obtained from 
"Chipeweigh" [Chippeway] chief; hopes to have 
large Colonial as well as Indian representation 
at approaching Congress for settlement of 
boundary line [Oct. 1768 at Fort Stanwix]; 
discusses boundary question and asks Gage s 
advice; long dispute [from 1703 when grant 
from Queen Anne was obtained] over Kayadar- 
osseras lands settled by payment of 5000 dollars 
[to Mohawks]; previous efforts by Gov. [Henry] 
Moore a failure. Draft. 2pp. 

1768. Galland, John. Fort Stanwix. Letter to Walter 
Aug. 17. Dance. Gives receipt for provisions from store 
of [Jelles] Fonda for use of Sir William Johnson. 
A. D. S. lp. 

1768. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Aug. 24. Lt. Gov. [John] Penn, [Philadelphia]. Acknowl 
edges letter of Aug. 6; preparations for meeting 
of Boundary Congress with Indians at Fort 
Stanwix; hopes it will meet about Sep. 18; 
doubts if Shawanese will be present; will be glad 
to see [Colonial] Commissioners at Johnson Hall 
before Sep. 15. Draft, lp. 

Printed Penna. Arch. 1st series, IV, 307. 

1768. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Sep. 12. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Acknowledges 
letter of Sep. 3; has directed continuance of 
commissaries to enable the provinces to make 
some provision for them but doubts if latter 
will undergo any expense in the matter; thinks 
additional provision should be made by home 
government for deputies and interpreters among 
Indians; matter of having other persons among 



The Sir William Johnson Manuscripts. 31 

Indians is left by government to the colonies 
and the need of persons to look after trade will 
soon appear; communications from Go vs. H[enry] 
Moore, [William] Franklin and Lt. Gov. [John] 
Penn as to Indian Congress at Fort Stanwix; 
confidence of [Robert] Rogers in success of his 
expedition although complaining to [Levin] 
Gale of ill treatment. Draft. 2pp. 

1768. [Johnson, Sir William.] Fort Stanwix. Letter to 
Sep. 25. [Gov.] John Blair, [Virginia]. Reports arrival 
of Col. [Andrew] Lewis and [Thomas] Walker, 
commissioners from Virginia to the Boundary 
Congress with Indians; has desired them to 
remain longer than anticipated as Indians are 
slow in coming; claims of Six Nations; hopes 
by granting certain of them to obtain a better 
line than one proposed by Lords of Trade; con 
siders it better to delay treating with Cherokees 
until settlement is made with northern tribes; 
hopes Congress will terminate in a fortnight. 
Draft. Ip. 

The treaty was signed Nov. 5, 1768. 

1768. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Nov. 18. T[homas] Penn, [London]. Acknowledges letter 
of Aug. 11; outlines results of Boundary Con 
gress with Indians at Fort Stanwix so far as 
they affect Pennsylvania; accomplished more 
than he expected considering the ill humor of 
the Indians and the opposition of the New Eng- 
landers; among latter notes particularly agents 
of Dr. [Eleazer] Wheelock who wished lands 
reserved for religious purposes [endowment of 
missionary school among Indians] ; as [Richard] 
Penn has described Pennsylvania boundary 
Johnson refrains from repetition but refers him 
to report to Lord Hillsborough; urges his own 
claim to confirmation by Crown of early grant 



32 American Antiquarian Society. 

of land in America. [See: Same to same, Feb. 
5, 1768.] Draft. 3pp. 

1768. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter 
Nov. 18. to James Jeffreys [Jeffries?, London]. Death 

of Mrs. [Grace] Cosby; will be glad to be of any 
possible service to Jeffries or to Lady Fitzroy 
[in settlement of estate]; received power of 
attorney [in matter] Nov. 10; [power dated Mar. 
22, 1768;] discusses questions arising in settle 
ment of estate; position of [Oliver] DeLancey; 
poor title of late Mrs. Cosby to certain lands; 
possibility of life interest rather than power of 
absolute disposal; other complications. Draft. 
2pp. 

See: O Callaghan, Doct. Hist, of New York, II, 794, 
note, 926, 934-937. 

1769. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Jan. 13. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Acknowledges 

letter of Jan. 2 received since his own of Jan. 4; 
thanks Gage for vouchers of [George] Croghan s 
account and packet from [Wills Hill, Earl of] 
Hillsborough ; thinks that lands obtained by 
Crown by treaty of Fort Stanwix amply justify 
money spent; colonies would have paid amount 
altho some delay might have ensued; quit rents 
or sale will reimburse Crown if it so desires; 
home government will soon need to take some 
direction of commerce with Indians and not rely 
on colonies; would not be justified in diminishing 
estimates [for maintenance of posts etc.]; asks 
advice of Gage on this matter. Draft. 2pp. 

1769. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 

Feb. 17. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Acknowledges 

letter of Jan. 23 ; agrees that a portion of French 

intrigue among western Indians may be due to 

trade but thinks another part is the result of 



The Sir William Johnson Manuscripts. 33 

a deliberate attempt to keep up an enmity 
between Indians and English in preparation for 
war; in either case frontier posts should be 
maintained; defends his conduct and bargain 
made at treaty of Fort Stanwix; means of reim 
bursement open to Crown; difficulty of joint 
action by colonies; reform advocated in man 
agement of trade relations with Indians; action 
in England based on too much confidence in 
colonies; sends expense account at Fort Pitt 
by [George] Croghan as also account of expense 
at Illinois; considers expenses high. Draft. 4pp. 

1769. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
May 26. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Has received 
letters from [Jehu] Hay, "late Commissary at 
Detroit" and Capt. [Norman] McLeod reporting 
an intended outbreak by various tribes of 
Indians in Ohio and west; siege of Detroit 
anticipated; other news from Detroit and from 
Capt. [Thomas?] Robinson on Lake [Erie]; 
forwards half-yearly accounts except those of 
Capt. McLeod. Draft. 2pp. 

1769. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Jun. 12. Gov. [William] Franklin, [New Jersey]. Acknowl 
edges letter of Apr. 10; will discuss with [George] 
Croghan matter [of western lands] mentioned by 
Franklin; hopes for successful outcome; pressure 
of other affairs in England prevents action ; lands 
for Indian school; regrets that he can not offer 
his land on the Susquehanna at a lower price 
but has had offers for parts of it and expended 
so much that he can not lower original Sum; no 
signs of colonies maintaining proper Indian 
establishments; commissaries have been with 
drawn; has kept interpreters at posts or matters 
would be in worse condition than they are; hopes 
to see Franklin in fall after a visit to the Indians. 



34 American Antiquarian Society. 

Postscript notes receipt of Franklin s letter of 
Apr. 29. Draft 3pp. 

This letter is printed in full on p. 50 of this volume. 

1769. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Jim. 24. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Acknowledges 
letter of Jun. 12; alarm at Detroit subsided for 
the present; discusses the situation among the 
western Indians generally; purposes to take a 
trip to Onondaga for a month to investigate 
matters; Guy Johnson will take his place during 
his absence; news of Detroit by Col. [John] 
Wilkins; [Gov.] d Aubry [of Louisiana] has 
ordered [Louis] St. Ange [de Bellerive] "to send 
all the Spanish officers and Soldiers 7 ; other 
war news from " Huron Andrew " and [Jehu] Hay ; 
Indians told that French would return soon. 
Draft. 2pp. 

1769. Penn, John. Black Point. Letter to [Thomas 
Aug. 17. Gage, New York]. Has received letter from 
Col. [John] Armstrong to [Joseph?] Shippen and 
from contents fears an Indian war; Indians 
upon the Ohio displeased with sale of their 
lands at treaty of Fort Stanwix; is about to 
hasten to Philadelphia to do all in his power to 
suppress trouble. Cont. Copy. Ip. 

This letter was forwarded by Gage to Johnson. See 
Johnson to Gage Dec. 8, 1769. 

1769. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Aug. 23. Gov. [William] Franklin, [New Jersey]. Acknowl 
edges letter of Aug. 11; accident to himself 
at Onondaga when on his Indian trip; thanks 
Franklin for news in letter to [George] Croghan; 
English authorities express discontent with 
extent of grant from Indians of land beyond the 
Kanhawa river; writer gives his own views in 
support of cession and is glad final authority 



The Sir William Johnson Manuscripts. 35 

is given to settle matter; notes of late trip among 
Indians; latter offended with New Englanders 
intrusions into Pennsylvania; hopes to be able 
to smooth over the disaffection; sends respects 
from Sir John and Guy Johnson. Draft. 2pp. 
This letter is printed in full on p. 52 of this volume. 

1769. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter 
Oct. 4. to John Watts, [New York]. Acknowledges 
letter of Sep. 25 and thanks him for promise 
to forward royal patent to lands [north of the 
Mohawk river]; land given him by Indians with 
out asking in 1760; has proved expensive since; 
location of lands etc.; patent under great seal 
finally granted by Crown Jun. 8. 1769; sends 
money by [William] Adems [being?] the amount 
of [Jean?] Cadot s pay; requests assistance of 
Watts in passage of petition laid before Assembly 
by Capt. [James] DeLancey favoring [in oppo 
sition to measure introduced by Philip Schuyler] 
division of Albany County. Draft. Ip. 

1769. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Dec. 8. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Cherokees wish the 

Six Nations to join them in an attack on hostile 
southern Indians; Six Nations replied that their 
enemies were those of the Illinois country but 
that they would engage in no war without 
consulting Johnson; Cherokees agreed to come 
to council with the Six Nations at Johnson Hall ; 
writer is troubled over expense of council which 
he is in no situation to meet; asks Gage s aid 
in this matter and his advice as to position to 
be taken in the subject of the council; benefits 
and evils to the English and colonists of an 
Indian war such as the one proposed. Draft. 2pp. 

1770. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Jan. 30. Thomas Penn, [London]. Acknowledges letter 



36 American Antiquarian Society. 

of Sep. 13, 1769 and sends money to pay expenses 
connected with late grant of land from the king; 
bearer [John] Robberts can give account of 
relations with Indians; nothing done as yet by 
local governments for regulation of Indian trade ; 
fears results of this policy; claims of Connect 
icut persons to land within Pennsylvania 
limits considered " ridiculous"; respects of Sir 
John Johnson. Draft. 2pp. 

1770. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Aug. 1. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Results of Con 
gress [with Indians at German Flats] more 
favorable than he had anticipated; war proposed 
by Indians has been postponed until after further 
council with the "Wabache" [Wabash] nation; 
Johnson pleased with large attendance at the 
Congress; will send complete returns of tran 
sactions next week. Draft. Ip. 

For report of Congress, see: Johnson to Lord Hills- 
borough Aug. 14, 1770, in O Callaghan, Doct. Hist, of New 
York II, 973-978, or Docts. relating to Col. Hist, of N. Y 
VIII, 224-244. War postponed appears to have been con 
flict between Cherokees and Choctaws for which the former 
claimed the aid of the Six Nations and their white allies. 
Hillsborough s reply is in Docts. relating to Col. Hist, of 
New York, VIII, 253, of date Nov. 15, 1770. 

1770. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Sep. 21. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Trusts Gage will 
be pleased with results of Congress with Indians 
[at German Flats]; pleased that they are in 
harmony as to effect of Johnson s advice regard 
ing possible war between [Cherokee and other] 
Indians to the south and west; during earlier 
conferences and at this Congress endeavored 
to improve relations between Indians and 
Whites, and to persuade Indians to live at 
peace with each other; efforts made to oppose 
his work; because of good results obtained by 



The Sir William Johnson Manuscripts. 37 

[George] Croghan and Capt. [Beamsley] Glazier 
considers their accounts as worthy of approval 
and payment; is about to make a month s 
excursion into Indian country during which 
time Guy Johnson will act in his stead; congrat 
ulates Gage on promotion to Lieut. General 
ship; encloses accounts of men at Ontario. 
Draft. 2pp. 

1770. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Sep. 25. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Acknowledges 

letter of Sep. 17 regarding mines near Lake 
Superior; correspondence with Lord Hillsborough 
on the subject; thought permission of Indians 
might be secured and mines worked but doubted 
the conduct of agents; results of a settlement 
would be trouble; refused share in Company 
offered by London agents; thinks that Gage s 
observations on the question are "extremely 
just and probable"; considers it unfair of pro- 
motors of enterprise to withhold statements 
as to settlements etc. that might influence 
judgment of investor; is about to set out on 
trip among Indians mentioned in last letter 
[Sep. 21]. Draft. 2pp. 

See: Johnson to Lord Hillsborough, Dec. 23, 1768 in 
Docts. relating to Col. Hist, of New York, VIII, 140. 

1771. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter 
Jan. 22. to [Jan Baptist Van Epps and the Trustees of 

Schenectady]. Affairs of the town as presented 
in the Assembly; cautions the town against 
giving away power to unsettle early land grant 
or to divide the township; only extravagant 
grants should be questioned and in case referees 
are appointed, men of " strict integrity & dis 
interestedness" alone should be selected; does 
not know enough of questions discussed to give 
detailed advice. Draft. 2pp. 



38 American Antiquarian Society. 

1771. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
May 24. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Acknowledges 
letter of Apr. 15 and refers to his own of Apr. 
18; Indian accounts paid to order of [George] 
Croghan; thought the account was incurred by 
order of Capt. [James] Edmondstone; rumors 
of Indian disturbances in south and west; Cher 
okee and Choctaw nations; hopes for better 
news from convention at Scioto but fears war 
before long; all well at Fort Chartres. Draft. Ip. 

1771. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Jul. 10. [Rev. Thomas Bradbury] Chandler, [Elizabeth- 
town, New Jersey]. Acknowledges letter of 
May 30; regrets that document sent with it 
became lost ; is sure that he agrees in thought with 
Chandler in his views of the Church; hopes that 
he will yet find Chandler s " farther Defence" and 
postpones till then further discussions. Draft. Ip. 

Pamphlet mentioned is the 3rd of the series by Chandler 
and is entitled "The Appeal farther defended; in Answer to 
the Farther Misrepresentations of Dr. Chauncy" N. Y. 1771 . 

1771. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Jul. 25. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Acknowledges 
letter of Jul. 15; regards the "Powtewatamies" 
as a troublesome tribe; French at the Illinois not 
30 apprehensive as is pretended; expects return 
of Thomas King within a month; mentions 
[Francis] Maisonville, who is about to present 
his suit for lands at Detroit, as a " useful man 
and a fast friend to the English"; is holding a 
conference with Indians and will send results 
later. Draft. Ip. 

1771. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Sep. 29. [Thomas] Gage, [New York]. Sends letter by 
his son [Sir John Johnson] and Col. [Guy] John 
son; is preparing to go again among the Six 



The Sir William Johnson Manuscripts. 39 

Nations to confer as to an embassy to the south 
ward; will write in detail on return, meantime 
refers him to Col. Johnson; encloses account 
of salaries and disbursements in his department 
for last half year. Draft. Ip. 

1771. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Nov. 16. [Thomas] Gage, [New York.] Gives account of 

his trip to the Indian country; Six Nations 
expressed " detestation 7 at death of Thomas 
King and sent word to tribes responsible that 
such were their feelings; agrees that western 
Indians have been encouraged by the French; 
intends making [Francis] Maisonville resident 
at Post Vincent to watch in these matters; 
regrets increased expenses at Fort Pitt; does 
not question [George] Croghan s disposition but 
recommends frugality. Draft. 3pp. 

1772. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
[Jan. 1.] J[ohn] Watts, [New York]. Is sending second 

petition regarding division of [Albany] County to 
Capt. James DeLancy; is perfectly satisfied with 
line of division proposed ; people desire the court 
house to be at Johnstown ; is willing to contribute 
more to the building up of the town etc. and 
requests assistance of Watts that it may be 
made the County seat of the new County. 
Draft. Ip. 

1772. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Oct. 12. Thomas Penn, [London]. Delay in answering 
letter of February due to business undertaken 
since then; thanks him for kindness to Lieut. 
[Benjamin] Roberts and will return money 
advanced altho Roberts was not empowered 
to use his name; asks if Letters-patent 
[for Mohawk land] are recorded in England. 
Draft. Ip. 



40 American Antiquarian Society. 

1773. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Mar. 19. Rev. [Eleazer] Wheelock, [Hanover]. Acknowl 
edges letter of February; has treated Indians 
bringing it in accordance with recommendations; 
hopes a desire for study may be awakened among 
other Indians and Wheelock J s undertaking be 
marked with success. Draft. Ip. 

1773. Chew, Joseph. Johnstown. Letter to Thomas 
Jul. 15. Allen, [New London]. Health of Sir William 
Johnson necessitates trip to ocean; has recom 
mended Allen s house [New London Coffee 
House] to Johnson; diet recommended; regards 
to family. A. L. S. Ip. 

1773. Johnson, [Sir] Wplliam.] Fishers Island. [Long 
Sep. 1. Island Sound]. Letter to [Thomas] Allen, [New 
London]. Orders ammunition and miscellane 
ous articles to be sent at first opportunity. 
A. L. S. Ip. 

This letter is reproduced in facsimile facing p. 9. 

1773. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Nov. 25. Rev. [Richard] Hind, [London]. Refers to letters 

from [Daniel] Burton as to religious matters, 
matters, especially the work of the Society for 
propagating the Gospel; mission at Johnstown 
in charge of [Richard] Moseley; religious con 
ditions in general; Rev. [William] Andrews 
replaced by Rev. [John] Doughty at Schenec- 
tady; work of Rev. [John] Stuart among the 
Mohawks and Rev. [Harry] Munroe at Albany; 
his own work in behalf of the church and schools 
of the region about Johnstown. Draft. 3pp. 

1774. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 
Feb. 17. Rev. [Henry] Caner, [Boston]. Thanks Caner 

for edition of church service in Mohawk tongue; 
understands from experience how easily errors 



The Sir William Johnson Manuscripts. 41 

in translation may have been made; is endeavor 
ing to write a short history of the Bible which will 
contain a brief "historical deduction of facts and 
incidents in a regular and well connected order"; 
thinks it will be of much use to the Indians. 
Draft. Ip. 



MANUSCKIPTS 

RELATING TO THE 

OHIO-ILLINOIS COUNTRY. 



PRINTED IN FULL FROM THE 
MANUSCRIPTS OF SIR WILLIAM JOHNSON. 



NOTE. 

In printing in full certain letters from our French and 
Indian War manuscripts, two objects have been considered. 
It has been thought wise that the members of the Society 
and others interested might know in more detail the nature 
of the manuscripts in our collection and the manner in 
which they are being calendared for historical use. These 
particular letters have been inserted at this point because 
they form a united group from the Johnson collection con 
cerned with the foundation of an English settlement in 
what was at that time the far west. They are noteworthy 
in that they illustrate one stage in the accomplishment of 
the British and especially the Colonial purpose to contest 
with the Indians and with France or Spain if necessary, 
the possession of the territory west of the Allegheny moun 
tains. Other illustrative manuscripts will be found printed 
in full on pp. 103 and 171, as also the Orderly Book of 
William Henshaw, the last division of this volume. 



The Sir William Johnson Letters. 47 

Sir William Johnson to Gov. William Franklin of New Jersey. 

JOHNSON HALL June 20 th , 1766. 
Sir: 

I have been favored with your Letter of the 7th Inst together 
with the Enclosures containing a Letter from the Company 
with the Reasons for Establishing the Colony &c of all which 

1 before gave my approbation & shall chearfully do every 
thing consistent with my Office for Carrying it into Execution 
as early as possible; I have already hinted the Affair in a 
Letter to the Lords of Trade & I am somewhat of Opinion it 
would answer better that I recommended it in Gen. 1 Terms, 
as an Affair I had heard was in Agitation, but as it is deemed 
necessary to the design that I sho d . enclose it I shall not Scruple 
to lay it together with my recommendation thereof before 
the Ministry under a flying Seal to your father who will doubt 
less be consulted on the Occasion. 

I have sounded Gen 1 . Gage on the Occasion, who declines 
being concerned I apprehend it will not be the Case with Lord 
Adam Gordon. As to what you say of apply g for an Extensive 
boundary I agree in opinion with you on the Utility of it, 
but the Government should I think be previously Sounded 
on that head Least it might obstruct or retard the Design 

I am persuaded you will use all your Endeavors for bringing 
the Murderers of the Indians to Justice, the Conduct of the 
frontier Inhabitants in many Colonies being such as gives us 
great reason to dread a Renewal of that Cruel War from which 
we are but Just freed, every Week brings me fresh Complaints 
from the Inds & but Just now I have reed an Acct of the Murder 
of 4 Onondagas on their return from the South ward with 

2 or 3 more tow. dB Fort Pitt So that I have great reason to 
doubt of Succeeding in attempting to Calm the Minds of a 
Revengefull people to whom we are Giving fresh provocation, 

I promise myself great Satisfaction from your friendly 
Correspondences which I shall be glad to improve by every 
occasion that Offers as I am 
Gov/ Franklin 
I shall write to the Compy by next Opp* 1 



Sir William Johnson to Gov. William Franklin of New Jersey. 

JOHNSON HALL July 8 th 1766- 
Sir: 

The 20 th . ult. I acknowledged the receipt of your last 
favor, & Signified my Intentions of Enclosing the plan for the 
Colony with my Recommendation to the Ministry which I 
now send you with a Letter thereon to M r . Secretary Conway, 
wherein I have said all that I could Venture to do from my 



48 American Antiquarian Society. 

very slender knowledge of him and the delicacy of the Subject 
but I hope the Nature of it and the interest of some Gentle 
men at home, may render it an Object worthy of attention. 

As I have not had the pleasure of your father s Correspond 
ence I just wrote him a few Lines wch you can Explain more 
fully as I should think it were better that my Letter was put 
into the Office for the Sec 7 of State but this I Submit to his 
discretion & hope You will write him thereon. 

I am sorry it goes over at a time when from the daily Murders 
& Encroachments complained of we have all the reason imagin 
able to Expect an Ind n War. Sev. 1 other Murders have been 
Committed Since my last so that I know not where it will end. 

As I am Just Setting off to meet Pondiac & the Western 
Nations who are arrived at Ontario for that purpose I have 
only time to add that I am with much Esteem, Sir, 

Yours Etc 

I shall be very Glad to hear from you & shall return in Three 
Weeks 

Sir William Johnson to Benjamin Franklin. 

JOHNSON HALL July 10 th 1766 
Sir- 

At the Request of your Son Gov- r Franklyn, & sev. 1 Gent." of 
Pensilvania, I now enclose you a Scheme proposed for 
establishg a Colony at the Ilinois, together with my Letter 
to M r Secretary Conway in fav. r thereof, which the proposers 
denied might be transmitted thro your hands- I have accord 
ingly sent it under a flying Seal, & must request you to forward 
it as Addressed 

I daily dread a Ru[p]ture w th the Ind. 8 occasioned by the Licen 
tious Conduct of the frontier Inhabitants who Continue to Rob, 
and Murder them. I am imediately to meet Pontiac with the 
Western Nat. 8 at Ontario and wish I may be able to satisfy 
them. 

Altho I have not had an Opportunity of Cultivating your 
Acquaintance I shall always be Glad to render you, or yours 
any Services as I am, &c 
To 

Benj. n Franklyn Esq. 

Sir William Johnson to Gov. William Franklin. 

JOHNSON HALL July 28 th 1768. 
Sir, 

M r S. Wharton delivered to me your kind favor of the 23d 
of May with the Several Inclosures for which I give you many 
thanks. I hope you will Excuse my having deferred an Answer 



The Sir William Johnson Letters. 49 

to it, until my return home which was some days ago, having 
received it Whilst on a Tour to the seaside for the recovery 
of my health which was brought very low thro my fatigues 
etc. 

Tho I by no means accuse you of neglect of Writing I shall 
be very happy in your agreable & friendly Correspondence 
abstracted from any motives arising from the Subject. 

The Extracts you were pleased to send me were very Accept 
able, as they contain abundance of Judicious Remarks, & 
Sufficiently shew my much esteemed M r . Franklin s Experience, 
attention & knowledge in American affairs. 

You must before this time have been advised of the new 
arrangement of all these matters, and of the Reform by which 
the Management of the Indian Trade is Committed to the Care 
& Charge of the respective Colonies Whereby the Alterations 
which you wisely foresaw, are in part made, the powers of the 
Super. Intend. ts are however pretty Strongly tho Generally 
Expressed, their sallaries increased, but they are limited to 
a very Small Annl. Sum for the Various Services & Contingent 
Expences of their Departments. The Event of which, you 
seem so Justly Sensible of that I cannot but be intirely of 
your Opinion, altho I find that the Lords of Trade think 
every post that is kept up sho. d be Garrisoned by the Kings 
Troops, Yet there will be sundry other Expences found neces 
sary for the Colonies to be at for the preservation of the Trade, 
which may render it impracticable, as a Union of Sentiment 
on these Occasions cannot be Expected, for the reasons you 
have Judiciously Assigned. 

The Settlement of the Boundary Line will I believe shortly 
take place, it is only retarded by reason of the distant resi 
dence of the Shawanese & Delawares whose presence I Judge 
necessary not as Owners of the Land but as Nigh Neighbours 
to the Settlements, to whom they may easily be troublesome 
Your Province does not appear concerned in this Line, but 
as the Governmt. think the Colonies should give all security 
to the Transaction by Laws, to prevent their people from 
Transgressing, which may be a Case Common to every Colony, 
I thought it best to mention it, and in Case you think the 
attendance of one or two Commissioners from Your Govern 
ment necessary to attend the Treaty You will doubtless take 
measures accordingly 

I have only now to add that I am 
with perfect Esteem, Sir, Your Excellys &c 

His Excell cy 
Gov. r Franklin 



50 American Antiquarian Society. 

Sir William Johnson to Gov. William Franklin. 

JOHNSON HALL June 12 th . 1769. 
Dear Sir, 

Your kind Letter of April 10th relieved me from the Sus- 
pence which your Long Silence occasioned and which you have 
sufficiently accounted for. Indeed my own Situation has 
been such since we parted, that I can the easier excuse any 
omission of that nature in another, and this hitherto prevented 
me from Setting you a good Example, tho I could not pretend 
to afford you equal entertainment from the unimportant 
events of these parts. 

I began a Letter near three Weeks ago, but dropped it in 
Expectation of having something worth communicating in 
a little time altho I have waited to no purpose. 

I thank you for the Copy you transmitted me, & shall Settle 
the Matter with Col. Croghan as you desire when he & I has 
more Leisure than we have had Since his arrival in these parts, 
and I shall likewise talk fully to him upon the Subject. I 
hope it will go on with better success than it has hitherto done, 
but think it will require time and perseverance. 

You have doubtless before this time heard from our Friend 
Wharton, as I expect to do but have not as yet. Neither 
have I had any account from any person concerning the event 
of his Voyage, or on the Subject of the Retribution. The 
Letter from the Sec/ of State which I have Just received by 
the pacquet containing very little, and nothing material, 
and by my other Letters I find that the Whole face of things 
is much as it was when we heard before. The nature of the 
dispute about the Rights of Parliament, and the disturbed 
State of Affairs at home Create so many difficulties that when 
it will end, or other business be fully attended to must be uncer 
tain I thank you kindly for the Pamphlet you sent me which 
is I think a very good performance, and I fancy I could guess 
the Author of it in return I send at your desire by this oppor 
tunity Evans s Manuscript Journal, I also inclose you Copys 
of the Two Letters from the Two Clergymen which you wanted, 
I have since had several Curious & Extraordinary Letters 
from Parson, Williamson al." Johnson one of a Very late date, 
All on the Subject of Lands & Establishments for the faithfull 
& desiring to know why I did not make public the boundary 
that they might take possess of their lands. There are no 
New Steps taken for carrying on the pious work and the Oneidas 
have thro some disgust withdrawn most of thier Children from 
the Seminary, I believe all attention is more directed to the 
Susquehanna Vales, concerning the Settlement of which 
I hear they have come to Some Strong resolutions in 
Connecticut. 



The Sir William Johnson Letters. 51 

I wish I could dispose of my right on Susquehanna below 
the price I mentioned, especially as you Signify an Inclination 
for it, but really, from the Trouble & Expence it has already 
put me to, and the price I have been very lately offered for 
a great part of it, I cannot consistently do it. The Account 
of its being very hilly & Stony must have arisen from some 
misinformation, for except where some points of hills happen 
to Come to the River which occupy but a Very Small part of 
it, It is perhaps as Rich & Valuable for the Generality as 
any Land whatsoever, & this is allowed by some who have 
carefully viewed & are now Sollicitting me to dispose of it. 
As to Indian Intelligence I cannot say any thing Satisfac 
torily. The Commissaries are withdrawn, & I don t see any 
speedy prospects of such Establishments on the part of the 
Colonies as will Answer the purposes of preserving peace & 
Extending Commerce, neither can it be expected that they 
will make an adequate provision, or from their different Inter 
ests unite in a matter of that nature so as it may be attended 
with any Good effects, I have kept Interpreters & Smiths 
as yet at the posts, without which, affairs would not have 
gone on so easily as they have done, Belts however, Said to 
come from the Southward are amongst the Indians & there 
has been an Alarm lately at Detroit which Frightened & 
Stopped the Traders at Niagara, & has induced the Inhabitants 
of the first mentioned Settlement to fortify themselves on the 
opposite Side of the River, w r hich will probably alarm the Indians 
& may have consequences different from what is intended. 

I think to go up the Country for a little time & do what 
little I can under the present restrictions for preventing any 
Union to our prejudice, and as my health is but very indifferent 
may possibly go down to the Sea Side in the fall when if I 
should happen to be near you, you may be Assured that I 
should Visit Burlington with great pleasure In the Mean 
time I shall be happy in hearing from you whenever your 
Leisure will admit you to write to him Who is Always with 
great Sincerity D r Sir, 

His Excell. oy 
Gov. r Franklin 

Mess." Wells & Smith by whom you wrote the 29 th April, 
forwarded the Letter but did not come this way, which deprived 
me of an opportunity of shewing them those Civilities which 
your Friends sho d Always receive at my hands. 



52 American Antiquarian Society. 

Sir William Johnson to Gov. William Franklin. 

JOHNSON HALL Aug.* 23 d . 1769. 
Dear Sir 

Upon my return from Seneca which was about 12 days ago 
I had the favor of your kind Letter of the ll. h of this Month 
which till now I could not Answer, & even now I cannot be 
as particular as I co. d Wish, for not being able to Write without 
much pain tho I have a Great deal of business on my hands, for 
on my return in the Night from the Hut of a Chief near Onon- 
daga where I held a private Conference My Canoe overset, & 
I had to make the Shore & get up a Bank in the Dark with 
much difficulty in effecting which I tore my Swelled Leg very 
much on a Small Stump, so as not yet to be able to go into 
my study, or write without great Inconvenience tho it is 
recovering much faster than I Expected. 

I most kindly thank you for the news communicated in 
your Letter as well as for the perusal of what you wrote to 
Col. Croghan who has received it; My Letters from home 
seem to Express a dissatisfaction, at the Great Extent of the 
Cession beyond the Kanhawa, tho it is indisputably the 
Lands of the 6 Nations, & if it had been denied, the Latter 
wo. d have proved Worse Enemys than the Cherokees can be, 
besides I believe the Virginians wo. d have settled on it at 
all Events. It is however left to me now, that in case I don t 
think it good policy to give up that part it will be Confirmed. 
I wish I could say the same as to the Grant of the Traders to 
which objections are made. 

I can Just say a Word as to my late Tour. I met near 
2500 Ind." at Seneca assembled from the Sev. 1 Villages, & I 
found them more dissatisfied than I hope I left them. They 
are greatly discontented at the Withdrawing people from the 
posts Which it is not in my power to Continue there, & I don t 
find the provinces inclined to do any thing material on that 
head. 

The Ind." are likewise dissatisfied with the N Englanders 
Intrusions into Pennsylvania, which they say will involve 
their people in disputes, They complain bitterly of 111 usage 
& Acts of Injustice at the posts & frontiers & say that the 
other Confederacys have invited them to Joyn in Measures 
for redress, And Indeed from the sev. 1 Discoveries I have 
Made The belts Constantly passing thro the Nations from the 
French, The late proceedings on Ohio, & their Speeches at 
Ilinois, I must have very unfavorable Sentiments of their 
Intentions. After a meeting to be held soon at Onondaga I 
shall know more, In the meantime I use all my endeavors 
to prevent a Gen. 1 dissaffection, & to keep matters quiet as 
long as the present State of things will admit of I persuade 



The Sir William Johnson Letters. 53 

myself I have no occasion to Apologize for not being more 
particular under my present Circumstances, and Wishing to 
hear from you by every opportunity Convenient to yourself 
I remain with Great Cordiality & Truth Dear Sir &c 

His Excell 7 Gov r Franklyn 

Sir John Sends his best Compliments, as does Guy who 
desires me to tell you that he Wrote you a Long Letter last 
month, & will give you the Trouble of more whenever he has 
Subjects for them. 



THE MANUSCRIPTS OF 
COL. JOHN BRADSTREET. 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 57 



THE COL. JOHN BRADSTREET 
MANUSCRIPTS. 



[1755.] [Bradstreet, John.] Oswego. Letter to [William] 
June. Shirley. Acknowledges two letters brought by 

carpenters and received Jun. 8; progress in boat 
building; rough character of the waters of the 
lake [Ontario]; need of more carpenters; French 
have passed on way to the Ohio country. Auto 
Draft. 2pp. 

[1755.] [Bradstreet, John. Oswego.] Letter to [William 
[June.] Shirley]. Acknowledges letter of June 15; is 
building boats as directed "with such alterations" 
as improve them; news of Shirley s coming 
given out by new arrivals; conditions at Niagara; 
reenf orcements expected ; considers himself equal 
to any exigency as he understands conditions 
thoroughly. Auto. Draft. 2pp. 

1755. [Bradstreet, John.] Oswego. Letter to William 
Jul. 20. Shirley. Acknowledges letter of Jul. 12; arrival 
of three companies from New Jersey; prevalence 
of the flux in camp ; flight of the French to Niag 
ara. Auto. Draft. Ip. 

1755. [Bradstreet, John.] Oswego. Letter to [William 
[Jul.] 24. Shirley]. Arrival of Capt. [William] Douglass 
and party on 21st; no Indians come to camp; 
will strengthen fortifications until Shirley s 
arrival or until orders to contrary are received. 
Auto. Draft. Ip. 

On verso of preceding letter. 



58 American Antiquarian Society. 

1755. [Bradstreet, John. Oswego.] Letter to [William 
[Aug. 2.] Shirley]. An account of the work done by the 
troops at Oswego since June 1, 1755. Auto, 
draft. Ip. 

1755. Shirley, Wplliam.] Albany. To [John] Bradstreet. 
Nov. 28. May grant furloughs to certain men in Shirley s 

regt. sending remainder to Schenectady with a 
part of their bounty; men at Lake George to be 
enlisted under Sir William Pepperrell or in 
Shirley s regiment; directions as to barracks and 
whale boats; is to settle accounts with Maj. 
[William] Hoar for money advanced at Lake 
George. A. L. S. 2pp. 

1756. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [William] 
Apr. 6. Shirley. Has received word from Capt. Laforay 

[George Le Hunte?] through Capt. [ ] Bradley 
that harbors on lake are "stopt"; need of imme 
diate and energetic movements to forestall the 
French; work done arid plans for the future. 
Auto. Draft. 2 pp. 

1756. Alexander, William. [Albany.] To John Brad- 
[Jul. 1.] street. Monies received and paid on batteau 
account March-June, 1756 ; balance due Alexander 
is 1450, 6s. 6d. N. Y. currency. D. S. 5pp. 

1756. Alexander, William. Boston. To John Bradstreet. 

Sep. 13. Difficulties with Col. James Otis regarding 

accounts of batteau men under Capts. Lawrence 

White and James Allen. A. L. S. Ip. Mutilated. 

1756. Fairservice, James. [Albany.] To [John Brad- 
Nov. 17. street]. Account against "His Majesty s Ser 
vice" Mar. 4-Apr. 10, 1756. A. D. S. 2pp. 

1757. Loudoun, [John, Earl of.] New York. To John 
Mar. 8. Bradstreet. Commission as Captain in "His 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 59 

Majesty s Royal American Regiment. " Counter 
signed J[ohn] Appy, and seal attached. D. S. Ip. 

1757. Kirkwood, James. Boston. To [John Bradstreet.] 
Apr. 4. Account of sundries received on board snow 
Diamond by order of " Col " Bradstreet. A. D. S. 
Ip. 

1757. Kirkwood, James. Boston. To John Bradstreet. 
Apr. 5. Receipt for stores and provisions delivered on 
board snow Diamond. D. S. Ip. 

1757. Lothrop, Benjamin, jr. Boston. To John Brad- 
Apr. 5. street. Receipt for stores and provisions 
delivered on board ship Lyon. D. S. Ip. 

1757. Cartwright, Thomas. Boston. To John Bradstreet. 
Apr. 6. Receipt for stores and provisions delivered on 
board ship Boston. D. S. Ip. 

Under this date are two receipts similar to the above 
signed by Bartholomew Killoran and Andrew Newell, 
each for his own vessel. 

1757. Kirkwood, James. New York. To [Commanding 

Apr. 22. Officer at New York]. A Return of his Majesty s 

stores on board the snow Diamond. A. D. S. Ip. 

See: Kirkwood to John Bradstreet; Apr. 4 and 5, 1757. 

1757. Cartwright, Thomas. New York. To [John Brad- 
Apr. 23. street]. A manifest of the cargo received on 
board transport Boston with an account of 
provisions for the ship s use. A. D. S. Ip. 

1757. Hallo well, Benjamin, jr. and five others. Boston. 
Apr. 23. To [John Bradstreet]. Mensuration at Boston 
of following three transports with statement of 
their time of entrance into his Majesty s service : 
ship Two Brothers, William Wingfield, Master; 
ship Sheffield, J[ohn] Reed, Master; snow St. 
Peter, [Robert] Kennedy, Master. D. S. Ben- 



60 American Antiquarian Society. 

jamin Hallo well, jr., Ralph Hartt, Alexander 
Hunt, Peter McTaggart, William Welsh, George 
Wilson. Ip. 

1757. Reed, John. Boston. To John Bradstreet. 
Apr. 23. Receipt for stores delivered on board the ship 
Sheffield. D. S. Ip. 

1757. Kennedy, Robert. Boston. To John Bradstreet. 
Apr. 23. Receipt for stores delivered on board the snow 
St. Peter. D. S. Ip. and duplicate. 

1757. Collins, James. Boston. To John Bradstreet. 
May 9. Receipt for stores delivered on board the brigan- 
tine Mermaid. D. S. Ip. 

Under this date are eight receipts similar to the above, 
signed respectively by Patrick Connell, William Davis, 
Neil Gillis, Patrick James, Zephaniah Pinkham, William 
Scott, Peter Sinclair, and Ab[raham] Somes, each for his 
own vessel. 

1757. Gwynn, Anthony, Tannott, Thomas, and Thomas 
May 9. Woodbridge. Newbury. To [John Bradstreet.] 
Have surveyed the following vessels with their 
equipment and certify the date of fitness of 
service ; Snow Charming Molly, Joseph Wadleigh, 
Master, May 5; Brigantine Antelope, Jeremiah 
Stanniford, Master, May 8. D. S. and attested. 
3pp. 

1757. Mugford, James. Marblehead. To John Brad- 
May 11. street. Receipt for stores delivered on board the 

ship Hooper for use of the Crown at New 
York. A. D. S. Ip. 

1758. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to James 
Mar. 13. Abercrombie. Arrival of carpenters from Col. 

Meservey [Nathaniel Meserve?] including many 
boys; will not be able to furnish 1200 boats by 
May 15; needs 100 more carpenters from New 
Jersey and Philadelphia. Auto. Draft. 2pp. 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 61 

1758. [Bradstreet, John.] Letter to James Abercrombie. 
Mar. 24. Acknowledges letter of Mar. 18; 250 batteaux 
prepared to go with army to Crown Point; has 
raised 800 rangers for attack on Cadaraque but 
doubts if all will serve in another quarter; 
difficult to procure men for general service 
because of large bounty offered by colonies for 
provincial enlistments; bounty offered by [Wil 
liam] Shirley; asks Abercrombie s plans and 
states need for provisions at Albany. Auto. 
Draft. 3pp. 

1758. Mortier, A[braham.] New York. Letter to John 
Mar. 26. Bradstreet. Has received from [Charles Ward] 
Apthorp an account of money advanced by 
order of [Maj. Genl. John Campbell, Earl] 
Loudoun or of Bradstreet, and from [Maj.] 
Genl. [James Abercrombie] a warrant for 3000 
in payment of account; warrant will serve to 
repay amounts advanced Col. [Nathaniel] 
Meserve for carpenters and batteau service; 
directions as to future accounting of Bradstreet 
and others; congratulates him on recent advance 
ment. A. L. S. 2pp. 

1758. De Normandie, Daniel. [Albany.] To John 
May 4- Bradstreet. Account of all monies received 
Nov. 30. and paid for the batteau service by Daniel De 

Normandie under the direction of [Lt.] Col. 

John Bradstreet, Commander-in-Chief of all 

the batteau men. 1 vol. 

The volume is in 127 pages and contains in addition to 
De Normandie s accounts, 165 signed receipts from men 
in batteau service for monies received. 

1758. Comyn, Pieter. Fort Stanwix. Letter to [John 

Sept. 25. Bradstreet]. Expense incurred for wages and 

allowances to three officers and company of 71 

men enlisted by order of Brig. Genl. [John] 

Stanwix. D. S. Ip. 



62 American Antiquarian Society. 

1758. Bradstreet, John. Albany. Account for Pilots 

Nov. 15. and Interpreters. Account of monies paid for 

pilots and Indian interpreters upon the expedition 

to Cardaraque, with receipts for same. In ms. 

of clerk except signatures. Ip. and duplicate. 

1758. Apthrop, Charles Ward. Boston. Letter to John 
Nov. 25. Bradstreet. Acknowledges letter of Nov. 12, 
enclosing [Abraham] Mortier s draft for 10,000 
dollars; has credited Bradstreet s account with 
draft and paid Capt. [Joshua] Loring 200 New 
York currency as directed; will look into matter 
of payment of James Otis. L. S. Ip. 

1758. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Sir Jeffrey] 
Dec. 31. Amherst. As desired sends state of batteaux; 

reasons for widely scattered location of boats. 
On verso is the statement showing number and 
location of available boats. Auto. Draft. 2pp. 

1759. Amherst, Sir Jeffrey. New York. Letter to [John] 
Feb. 4. Bradstreet. In Veply to letter of Feb. 3 sends 

warrant for 3000; methods of recourse for the 
payment of this amount and low state of mil 
itary chest at New York; Bradstreet to explain 
situation to [Thomas] Gage at once. L. S. 2pp. 

1759. Gage, Thomas. Albany. Letter to [John] Brad- 
Apr. 19. street. Directs Bradstreet to pay certain speci 
fied accounts amounting to 100, 16s. being the 
expenses for entertainment etc. for Indian 
scouting party sent out at Fort Edward. On 
verso are four receipts to Lt. George Coventry 
for various items of above accounts of date 
Apr. 21, May 28 and Jun. 24 (2) respectively. 
D. S. 2pp. 

1759. [Bradstreet, John. Albany.] Account of men at 
Apr. 24. Hospital in Albany. Account with His Majesty s 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 63 

hospital at Albany for 14 batteau men who were 
in the hospital at various times between Feb. 25 
and Apr. 24, 1759; total is 2.10(1. In ms. of 
clerk. Ip. 

1759. Glen, John. Schenectady. To Commissary Offi- 
May 11. cers [and whom it may concern.] Orders that 
bearers of letter be not "stopt nor hindered 
on any acct. whatever" as they have provisions 
on batteaux; commissaries receiving or giving 
provisions to note same on letter. A. D. S. Ip. 

1759. [Bradstreet, John.] Schenectady. Letter to 
Sept. 2. [Thomas Gage]. Acknowledges letter of Aug. 
26; provisions accumulated; would have given 
Major [Gabriel] Christie charge of transportation 
had his orders from Maj. Genl. [Jeffrey] Amherst 
allowed him to do so; will report to latter and 
do as directed by him in the matter. Auto. 
Draft. 2pp. 

1759. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Sir Jeffrey 
Sept. 21. Amherst]. Regrets that letter of Sept. 15, just 
received, shows fear of lack of provisions; has 
no fear himself; sends [Lt. George] Coventry s 
return of provisions gathered, and states that 
more can be raised. Auto. Draft. 3pp. 

1759. Mortier, Abraham. New York. Letter to [John] 
Sept. 21. Bradstreet. Has sent money to Albany to pay 
his note for 2500 to Bradstreet, so that he may 
have cash if he prefers. A. L. S. Ip. 

1759. Appy, J[ohn.] Crown Point. Letter to [John] 
Oct. 16. Bradstreet. Acknowledges letter of Oct. 11 to 
[Maj.] Genl. [Jeffrey Amherst] and refers him to 
latter s letter of Oct. 10 for instructions as to the 
sick in the New York regiment; other questions 
left to Bradstreet s discretion until return of 



64 American Antiquarian Society. 

Amherst; some information from letters of Brig. 
Genl. [Thomas] Gage. L. S. Ip. 

1759. Glen, John. Schenectady. To Commissary Offi- 
Dec. cers [and whom it may concern.] Orders as to 

passing provision batteaux; names of men en 
gaged in carrying provisions from Little Falls 
[Whitehall, N. Y.] to Fort Herkimer. A.D.S. Ip. 

1760. Stout, Jonathan and 102 others. Elizabeth Town, 
Jan. 1. [N. J.] To Capt. John Riky. Power of attor 
ney to receive and receipt for wages due in the 
batteau service. D. S. 3pp. 

1760. Coventry, George. [Albany.] Draft on John Brad- 
Jan. 13. street for 206 in favor of John McComb. A. 
D. S. Endorsed by Bradstreet. 2pp. 

1760. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Sir Jeffrey 
Feb. 4. Amherst]. Sends two sworn waggon accounts 
to "show what little faith, truth or honor there 
are in complaints so frequently made"; disputes 
regarding demands of previous year; urges that 
preparations be begun at once for any campaign 
intended in 1760. Auto. Draft. 2pp. 

1760. Mortier, A[braham.] New York. Letter to [John] 
Feb. 18. Bradstreet. Regrets his inability to pay balance 
of Bradstreet s warrant for 12,631.19s. 6d. 
in favor of [Capt. Daniel] De Normandie but 
military chest is not able to advance that sum. 
A. L. S. Ip. 

1760. Appy, J[ohn.] New York. Letter to Thomas 
Feb. 21. Hancock. Acknowledges letter of Jan. 16; arrival 
of dispatches for [Maj.] Genl. [Jeffrey Amherst] 
and letters for the several governors calling for 
new levies for approaching campaign; specifies 
letters to be forwarded. L. S. Ip. 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 65 

1760. Mortier, Abraham, New York. Letter to [John] 
Mar. 9. Bradstreet. In response to orders from [Maj.] 
Genl. [Jeffrey Amherst] has endeavored to 
obtain for Bradstreet a credit of 8000 in New 
England; [Charles Ward] Apthorp informs him 
that he has no money at Boston and there is none 
available at New York; small amounts elsewhere. 
A. L. S. 2pp. 

1760. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Joshua] 
Mar. 18. Loring. In reply to letter of Mar. 13, states 
that "the King s service requires 50 good ship 
carpenters over and above the 50 mentioned" 
to build batteaux at Albany; has acquainted 
the General [Amherst] with his demand " where 
fore for the Publick and your own sake don t 
fail." Auto. Draft. Ip. 

1760. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Sir Jeffrey 
Mar. 30. Amherst]. Provisions received from contractors 
and application made to Brig. Genl. [Thomas] 
Gage for troops to move them; no cedar boards 
arrived but 29 of [Joshua] Loring s carpenters 
are at work [on boats]. Auto. Draft. Ip. 

1760. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Sir Jeffrey 
Sept. 14. Amherst, Montreal.] Congratulates him on the 
capture of Montreal and the reduction of Canada ; 
outlines work of forwarding provisions; amount 
at Oswego and amount reported by [James] 
DeLancey as being at or near Albany; requests 
a warrant for 10,000 by bearer Capt. [Philip] 
Schuyler. Auto. Draft. 2pp. 

1760. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Philip 
Oct. 23. Schulyer]. Thanks him for proffered services 
in settling his [Bradst reefs] accounts; hopes 
that [William] Pitt will remember his [Brad- 
street s] service in the subjugation of Canada; 



66 American Antiquarian Society. 

suggests that the command of a regiment or 
the Governorship of New York would be an 
appropriate compensation; hopes [Schuyler] will 
recommend him for such an appointment; "the 
American world await with impatience" his 
reward "and if I get nothing they will be no 
less surprised than myself." Auto. Draft. 2pp. 

1760. Clark, Joel. [Albany.] To John [Bradstreet] 

Nov. 11. Sworn lists of batteau men serving under Clark s 

command Jun. 22 [to date]; first list contains 

11 names, second list 7 names, third list 34 

names. Two lists are sworn to by Clark. D. S. 3pp. 

1760. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Sir Jeffrey 
Dec. 7. Amherst]. By Act of Provincial Assembly [of 
New York] all persons impressing horses etc. 
for the war are held personally responsible; 
trouble occasioned his agents by this law; gives 
instances; ingratitude of people to British for 
protecting them; they give nothing without 
being paid for it " being spurred on by a nest of 
Harpies"; asks that something be done for the 
relief of his agents, who are suffering for impress 
ments made in the line of duty. Auto. Draft. 3pp. 

1760. Mortier, Abraham. New York. Letter to [John] 
Dec. 8. Bradstreet. Acknowledges letter of Nov. 30 
enclosing [Maj.] Genl. [Jeffrey] Amherst s war 
rant for 8000 in his [Bradstreet s] favor with 
receipts for same; will see that all his bills are 
paid promptly as those in favor of Capt. [George] 
Middagh and Col. Van Schack [Capt. Goose 
Van Schaick?] have been; ship Dover brought 
no money from Great Britain; other military 
news. A. L. S. Ip. 

1760. Amherst, Sir Jeffrey. New York. Letter to John 
Dec. 28. Bradstreet. Acknowledges letter of Dec. 21; 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 67 

has received complaints against Lt. [George] 
Coventry from Sheriff [Goose] Van Schaick but 
waits to hear both sides before taking action 
and will present what Bradstreet has said in 
Coventry s behalf; is about to apply for com 
mission for [Abraham] Cuyler as Deputy Post 
master at Albany. A. L. S. 2pp. mutilated. 

1761. Mortier, Abraham. New York. Letter to John 
Jan. 17. Bradstreet. Acknowledges letter of Jan. 12 
by [Cornelius] Cuyler; paid him balance of Brad- 
street s account as directed after charging 
exchange; arrival of the Fowey with some money; 
congratulates Bradstreej^ on victory of [Frederic] 
King of Prussia over Count [Leopold Joseph 
Maria von] Daun [at Torgau, Nov. 23, 1760]. 
A. L. S. 2pp. 

1761. Mortier, Abraham. New York. To John Brad- 
Jan. 17. street. Statement of account Nov. 19, 1760 to 
date, showing expenditure of [Maj.] Genl. [Jeffrey] 
Amherst s draft of Nov. 19 for 8000. A. D. 
S. 2pp. 

1761. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Sir Jeffrey 
Feb. 2. Amherst]. No unnecessary labor to be spent 
upon the Hudson river barracks; has investigated 
claim of Cornelius Buys for batteau service in 
1756 and finds it baseless; notes as to condition 
of service; is obliged that [Philip] Schuyler is 
to be sent to England on first war ship or packet. 
Auto. Draft. Ip. 

1761. Amherst, Sir Jeffrey. New York. Letter to [Joshua] 
Mar. 9. Loring. Proposes that provisions be moved 
from Louisburg by traders from Boston to Quebec ; 
Loring is to notify Boston captains through 
Thomas Hancock and to inform Gov. [Edward] 
Whitmore [of Louisburg] of names of vessels 
engaged. Cont. Copy. Ip. 



68 American Antiquarian Society. 

1761. Butler, John. [Canawago.] Letter to Jellis Fonda. 
Apr. 26. Certificate of amounts of money given Fonda 
for payment of various persons and accounts. 
A. D. S. lp. 

1761. Mortier, Abraham. New York. Letter to John 
Nov. 4. Bradstreet. Acknowledges letter of Oct. 31; 
had packed the money to be sent him in box 
and put it on board a sloop about to sail; various 
charges and accounts paid; amount sent. 
A. L. S. lp. 

1761. Mortier, Abraham. New York. Letter to [John] 

Nov. 5. Bradstreet. Encloses warrant of [Lt.] Genl. 

Sir Jeffrey Amherst for 8000 in his favor; 

requests that warrant be endorsed and returned 

with customary receipts. A. L. S. lp. 

1761. Amherst, Sir Jeffrey. New York. Letter to [John] 
Nov. 15. Bradstreet. Acknowledges letter of Nov. 9 and 
is much surprised at the movements of various 
provincial regiments; reports necessary from 
officers at Oswego and Fort Stanwix; has heard 
from Capt. [Joshua] Loring of loss of the Anson 
on Lake Ontario; encloses warrant for 6000; 
has promoted Lt. [Samuel] Bradstreet to a 
company in 40th regiment. L. S. 2pp. 

1761. Coventry, George. [Albany.] To [John Bradstreet]. 
[Dec. 7.] Account of monies paid to 45 men [names 
given] of 55th regiment employed in transpor 
tation service at Lake George from Jul. 30 to Aug. 
12, 1761, with receipt for same. D. S. lp. 

1761. Mortier, Abraham. New York. Letter to [John] 
Dec. 16. Bradstreet. Acknowledges letter of Dec. li, 
enclosing order of [Lt. Genl.] Sir Jeffrey Amherst 
in Bradstreet s favor for 6000; various bills 
paid and the balance turned over to [John] Glen. 
A. L. S. lp. 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 69 

1762. Amherst, Sir Jeffrey. New York. Letter to [John] 
Feb. 10. Bradstreet. Arrival of the General Wall with 
letters for the army in New York and Canada; 
forwards letters with packets of his own for 
commanding officers at Fort George and the 
Governors in Canada. A. L. S. Ip. 

1762. Bergstrom, J [ ] G. Little Niagara. To 

"Feb. 29." [John] Bradstreet. Certificate of impressment 

into the service of horses and cattle belonging 

to Stedman & Allen, with receipt of latter for 

wages paid. A. D. S. 2pp. 

1762. Mortier, Abraham. New York. Letter to [John] 

May 17. Bradstreet. Encloses Capt. William Ogilvie s 

bill on John Stevenson in writer s favor for 

1565; asks if bill is accepted. A. L. S. Ip. 

1762. Mortier, Abraham. New York. Letter to [John] 
Nov. 8. Bradstreet. Acknowledges letter of Nov. 3 

by [John] Cams, enclosing warrant of [Lt.] 
Genl. [Sir Jeffrey Amherst] in Bradstreet s favor 
for 5000; returns warrant for Bradstreet s 
endorsement. A. L. S. Ip. 

[1763.] Mortier, Abraham. [New York.] Letter to [John] 

[Jan. 9.] Bradstreet. Acknowledges letter of Bradstreet 

enclosing paper of Maj. [Robert] Rogers; financial 

dealings with Rogers and Bradstreet. A. L. S. 

Ip. mutilated. 

1763. Mortier, Abraham. New York. Letter to [John 
Mar. 21. Bradstreet]. Acknowledges letter of Mar. 14, 

enclosing warrant of [Lt.] Genl. [Sir Jeffrey 
Amherst]; warrant not so large as order given 
earlier; expects Bradstreet to make up the 
difference either in cash from next warrant 
received or by payment to Capt. [William] Wine 
press. A. L. S. Ip. and Auto, duplicate 
enclosed in Mortier to Bradstreet, ^ Apr. 9, 1764. 



70 American Antiquarian Society. 

1763. Cuyler, Abraham. Niagara River, Lake Erie. 
May 9. To [John] Bradstreet. Certificate that he has 
taken into the service a boat belonging to John 
Stedman. A. D. S. Ip. 

1763. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Sir Jeffrey 
May 23. Amherst.] Calls attention to encroachments 
made by the city of Albany upon lands which 
the Crown has used since 1758 for military 
purposes; claims of others rest on charter from 
the Governor; considers it a good time to enforce 
the claim of the Crown; privileges granted the 
city by new charter; submits a copy of charter 
for consideration. Auto. Draft. 3pp. 

See: Bradstreet to Thomas Gage, Oct. 14, 1765, post p. 86. 

1763. Amherst, Sir Jeffrey. New York. Letter to [John] 
Jul. 28. Bradstreet. Awaits news from Detroit and the 
South; last reports from Maj. [Henry] Gladwin 
were favorable and Maj. [John] Wilkins will 
forward more as received; Havana returned to 
Spain ; most of the English troops in West Indies 
will return to Europe but some may go to Canada ; 
advises Bradstreet to keep up connections 
with North and West if those sections are not 
restored to peace. L. S. 2pp. 

1763. Wilson, John. Fort Ontario. To John Glen. 

Aug. 9. Certificate that John Bone brought load of 

artillery from Fort Stanwix to Fort Ontario. 
A. D. S. Ip. 

1763. Amherst, Sir Jeffrey. New York. Letter to [John] 
Aug. 20. Bradstreet. Acknowledges letter of 15th; satis 
fied with work accomplished; under new arrange 
ment small posts are to be abandoned, so requests 
names of persons to whom they may be given 
and who can be relied upon to deliver them to 
the Crown in case of need. L. S. Ip. 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 71 

1763. Maxwell, William. Schenectady. To Commissary 
Aug. 20. Officers. Orders to pass provision batteaux 
for various posts. A. D. S. 2pp. 

1763. Amherst, Sir Jeffrey. New York. Letter to [John] 
Aug. 28. Bradstreet. Acknowledges letter of Aug. 21 
with enclosures regarding the Dutch church at 
Albany; reports victory of Col. [Henry] Bouquet 
at Bushy Run [near Fort Pitt] over a large body 
of Indians; summary of losses on both sides; 
has ordered officers communicating with Fort 
Pitt to furnish no supplies to Indians and to 
allow no trader to go among them; has written 
[Maj.] Genl. [Thomas] Gage to prevent traders 
going up the St. Lawrence and Bradstreet is to 
allow none to go out from Albany until further 
orders. L. S. 2pp. 

See: Bradstreet to Thomas Gage. Oct. 14, 1765. 

1763. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Sir Jeffrey 
Aug. 29. Amherst.] In obedience to letter of Aug. 20, 
will look out for proper persons to take charge 
of small posts; movements of Lts. [James] Gamble 
and [Arthur] St. Clair; demand of Maj. [John] 
Wilkins for bedding at Niagara; needs at Detroit. 
Auto. Draft. 2pp. 

1763. Mortier, Abraham. New York. Letter to [John] Brad- 
Sept. 19. street. Has paid and charged to his account a bill 
for 200 drawn on him by Mrs. Bradstreet and pre 
sented by [William] Bayard ; latter received it from 
[Nathaniel] Wheelwright of Boston. A. L. S. Ip. 

1763. Detroit, Inhabitants of. [Detroit.] 
[Sept.?] Abstract of the losses of the inhabitants of 
Detroit by fire etc. during the summer of 1763; 
names of 20 persons given including one English 
man and one interpreter, with amount of loss 
of each. Cont. Ms. Ip. 



72 American Antiquarian Society. 

1763. Mortier, Abraham. New York. Letter to [John] 
Dec. 4. Bradstreet. Acknowledges letters of Nov. 22, 
25 and Dec. 2; warrant of [Lt. GenL] Sir Jeffrey 
Amherst in his favor for 7000 shall be cashed 
and forwarded to him at Albany; can send 5000 
in a few days and the remainder soon if there 
is pressing need; is much surprised that he has 
received no forage money for past three years; 
similar grants have been made to Col. [James] 
Robertson. A. L. S. 2pp. 

1763. Mortier, A[braham.] New York. Letter to [John] 
Dec. 12. Bradstreet. Is informed by [William] Bayard 
in behalf of [Charles Ward] Apthorp that the 
whole of the warrant for 7000 shall be paid 
Bradstreet at Albany by [Abraham] Douw; 
states condition of Bradstreet s account with 
him. A. L. S. 2pp. 

1763. Mortier, Abraham. New York. Letter to John 
Dec. 19. Bradstreet. Has supplied him with a credit 
for 1000 at Nathaniel Wheelwright s, Boston, 
in accordance with order of [Maj.] Genl. [Thomas] 
Gage, dated Dec. 17; acknowledges receipts for 
warrant of [Lt.] GenL [Sir Jeffrey] Amherst in his 
favor for 7000; notes certain details relating 
to accounts and warrants, and bill of 50 to 
Mrs. Bradstreet. A. L. S. Ip. 

1763. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Sir Jeffrey 
Dec. 20. Amherst]. Report received from Capt. [Joshua 

Loring as to transportation of provisions by 
boat to Niagara; others should be sent by land; 
need of ship carpenters, ironworkers and sup 
plies at Oswego during the winter; Lt. Col. 
[William] Browning will furnish protection. 
Auto. Draft. 2pp. 

1764. Mortier, Abraham. New York. Letter to [John] 
Jan. 2. Bradstreet. Acknowledges letter by Capt. [Josh- 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 73 

ua] Loring; regrets that Bradstreet was disa- 
appointed in receiving no money by messenger; 
former should draw an order on some person 
in New York or send messenger of his own; in 
either case Mortier will pay money on demand. 
A. L. S. lp. 

1764. McKeen, Robert. Cherry Valley. To [John Brad- 
Jan. 27. street]. Certificate that Adam Brown has 
brought baggage for McKeen s company. A. D. 
S. lp. 

[1764.] Macvicar, Duncan. [Albany.] Letter to John 
[Jan.] Bradstreet. Reports the mustering in of com 
pany of Capt. [Nathaniel] Tyce; poor quality 
of the company. L. S. lp. 

1764. Mortier, A[braham.] New York. Letter to [John] 
Feb. 6. Bradstreet. Sends him by [John] Kendrick 
3000 in good paper money; has paid B[everly] 
Robinson 500 on account; requests acknow 
ledgment on receipt of money sent. A. L. S. lp. 

1764. Lamb, Anthony. [New York.] To John Brad- 
Mar. 19. street. Account for surveying implements fur 
nished, 57, 15s. 6d. with receipt dated Jul 20. 
A. D. S. lp. 

1764. Browning, William. Niagara. To [John Brad- 
Mar. 28. street.] Certificate of service performed by 
John Stedman with two horses, with receipt 
of Stedman, dated Mar. 20, 1766. D. S. 2pp. 

1764. Mortier, Abraham. New York. Letter to [John] 
Apr. 9. Bradstreet. Acknowledges letters of Apr. 1 and 
4; proceeds to make clear the accuracy of his 
account with Bradstreet, enclosing copy of 
letter of Mar. 21, 1763 in further explanation; 
thanks Bradstreet for lumber sent. A. L. S. 3pp. 



74 American Antiquarian Society. 

1764. Roberts, Bfenjamin.] Niagara. To [John Brad- 
Apr. 11. street]. Certificate of services performed by 
John Stedman with his horses, with receipt of 
Stedman dated Mar. 20, 1766. D. S. 2pp. 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas Gage]. 
Apr. 30. Acknowledges letters of Apr. 22 and 23 ; describes 
movements undertaken in preparation for the 
campaign against Detroit. Auto. Draft. 2pp. 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Sir Wil- 
May 5. liam Johnson]. Garrisons to be left in various 
New York posts; requests Johnson to await him 
at Oswego. Auto. Draft. 2pp. 

In Sir William Johnson Manuscripts ante p. 16. 

[1764.] Bradstreet, John. Albany. Letter to [Thomas] 
May 7. Gage. Provincial troops for the expedition 
against Detroit; requests commissions for two 
Majors to avoid difficulties in rank; understands 
that Sir William Johnson will bring Indian 
recruits. A. L. S. Ip. 

1764. Glen, John. Schenectady. To Commissary 

May 7. Officers. Bearers of letter not to be stopped 

or hindered as they have provisions in their 

boats for [Lt.] Col. [John] Campbell and 17th 

regt; boats in charge of John Miller. A. D. S. Ip. 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Fort Ontario. Deserters from 
May troops commanded by. Descriptive list of men 

who deserted from the New York provincial 
troops after leaving Schenectady; six men are 
named from the company of Capt. [Richard] 
Rea, five from that of Capt. [John] Degarius, 
four from that of Capt. [John] Grant, two from 
that of Capt. [Henry] Dawson, two from that of 
Capt. [Alexander] Whyte. In ms. of a clerk. 2pp. 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas 
May 23. Gage]. Troops at Detroit lodged in houses of 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 75 

people; suggests that carpenters be sent from 
Albany to erect barracks; encloses return of 
80th regiment and of the garrison at Niagara; 
many companies are short of their complements. 
Auto. Draft. Ip. 

1764. Duncan, Alexander. Albany. To [John Brad- 
May 25. street]. Certificate of names and companies of 
15 men employed as axe men, preparing timber 
for the Niagara carrying place, Mar. 26-Apr. 10, 
1764, with wages due each. D. S. Ip. 

1764. Bradstreet, John. Orderly Book. 
Jun. 27- Orderly Book of regiment commanded by Col. 
Nov. 29. Bradstreet at Forts Ontario, Niagara and Erie, 
as also at Detroit and Albany. 1 vol. 128pp. 

1764, [Bradstreet, John.] Niagara. Letter to [Thomas] 
Jul. 12. Gage. Delay in campaign due to distrust of 
Indian troops ; Sir William Johnson considers it 
unsafe to proceed at once; hopes the enemy will 
give an opportunity for battle; expects to make 
a fuller report soon. Auto. Draft. 3pp. 

1764. Bradstreet, John. Niagara. To Indian Traders 

Jul. 19. at Niagara. Proclamation granting liberty to 

trade with distant Indian Nations at Niagara 

and prescribing regulations under which such 

trade should be conducted. D. S. Ip. 

This proclamation is reproduced in facsimile facing p. 57. 

[1764.] Luke, John. [Niagara.] 

[July] Plan of Fort Niagara. Auto. Ms. Ip. 

1764. McDougall, George. Detroit. To [John Bradstreet]. 

Aug. 31. Return of the detachment of 118 men from 

60th regiment under his command. A. D. S. Ip. 

1764. Abbott, Edward. Detroit. To [John Bradstreet]. 
Sept. 6. Receipt for stores with detailed list of same. 
A. D. S. 3pp. 



76 American Antiquarian Society. 

1764. Abbott, Edward. Detroit. To [John Bradstreet]. 
Sept. 10. Return of ordnance, ammunition and stores 
left for a supply to the garrison of Detroit. 
A. D. S. 5pp. 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Detroit. Letter to [John 
Sept. [10?] Campbell]. Places town and colony of Detroit 
in his hands ; directions for protections of Indians 
in their rights but for careful watch over them 
as well; method of government to be modelled 
after that of Montreal; instructions for Capt. 
[William] Howard and Lt. [John] Sinclair left 
with him; any instructions from [Maj.] Genl. 
[Thomas] Gage to be followed at once. Auto. 
Draft. 4pp. 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Detroit. Letter to [Thomas] 
Sept. 12. Gage. Gives an account of his negotiations at 
Detroit with various papers showing same in 
detail. Auto. Draft. 2pp. 
See: Proclamation of Bradstreet, Jul. 19, 1764. 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Detroit. Letter to [Thomas] 
Sept. 12. Gage. Outlines plans for maintenance of position 
at Detroit and the control of the surrounding 
Indians; will inform [Col. Henry] Bouquet and 
[Lt.] Gov. [John] Penn if events go wrong and 
Indian outbreak is renewed. Auto. Draft. Ip. 

[1764.] [Bradstreet, John.] Notes for expedition against 
[Sept.] Detroit. This volume contains many notes and 
records of use to an army moving against Detroit 
and the West. Among them are manuscript 
maps of the great lakes, the names and locations 
of various Indian tribes, notes as to camping 
places, etc. Some notes appear to have been 
made before the setting out of the expedition 
and others to have been added during its 
course. 1 vol. 27pp. 



The Col John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 77 

1764. Martin, S[amue]l. Detroit. To [John Bradstreet]. 
Oct 3. Receipt for 400 New York currency in pay 
ment for books and merchandise for the Indians. 
A. D. S. In French. Ip. 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Sandusky. Letter to [Thomas 

Oct. 5. Gage]. Is aroused over breaking of peace by 

Indians; Oneidas and Senecas the leaders; has 

sent to every tribe demanding satisfaction; 

other details. Auto. Draft. 2pp. 

1764. Jones, John. [Fort Edward.] To [John Brad- 
Oct. 8. street]. Return of stores delivered at Fort 
George and Fort Edward. A. D. S. Ip. 

1764. Glen, John. Schenectady. To Commissary Offi- 
Oct. 12. cers. Pass for bearers with bill of lading of 
supplies for Fort Ontario. A. D. S. Ip. 

1764. LeHunte, George, [Sandusky.] To [John Brad- 
Oct. 14. street]. Weekly return of light infantry com 
manded by Maj. Le Hunte. A. D. S. Ip. 

1764. McDonald, William. [Sandusky.] To [John Brad- 
Oct. 14. street]. Weekly return of the New Jersey 
battalion. D. S. Ip. 

1764. Walton, Joseph. [Sandusky.] To [John Bradstreet]. 

Oct. 14. Weekly return of detachment of royal artillery 

under his command. A. D. S. Ip. 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Niagara. Letter to [Thomas 

Nov. 4. Gage]. Encloses copies of nine letters giving 

summary of each in an attempt to justify his 

conduct during the Detroit expedition and 

return to Niagara. Auto. Draft. 4pp. 

1764. Walton, Joseph. [Albany] To [Francis Colly- 
No v. 19. son]. Certificate of use of three horses for 
fourteen miles, with receipt by Collyson to 



78 American Antiquarian Society. 

Bradstreet dated Jan. 9, 1767 for payment in 
full of above account. D. S. 2pp. 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas 

Nov. 20. Gage]. Acknowledges letter of Oct. 26; attempts 

to explain parts played by various Indian tribes 

during and after the peace of Detroit. Auto. 

Draft. 3pp. 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas] 

Nov. 21. Gage. Transmits record of Court of Inquiry 

on claims of men drafted from the 80th to the 

46th regiment ; other matters. Auto. Draft. Ip. 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas] 
Nov. 25. Gage. Acknowledges dispatches received on 
the 24th; Maj. [Richard?] Daly takes down men 
of 65th regiment and will deliver this letter; 
proposed distribution of forces; Provincials and 
Canadians at Oswego. Auto. Draft. Ip. 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas] 
Nov. 29. Gage. Trouble over payment of men engaged 
[Nov. 14?] by order of Gage; pay-master of New York 
battalion refused to pay men; hopes Gage will 
set matters to rights. Auto. Draft. Ip. 
See: letters of Feb. 2 and Feb. 25, 1765. 

1764. Robinson, Beverly. New York. To John Brad- 
Dec. 17. street. Account of monies paid by Col. Brad- 
street for pitch, tar, etc. sent to Albany for 
service of the Crown from Mar. 26 to Oct. 13, 1764. 
D. S. 3pp. 

1764. Hill, Launcelot. Albany. To John Bradstreet. 
Dec. 23. Account of monies paid to 19 men of 55th regi 
ment employed in carpentry or batteau service. 
Account is from Sept. 19 to Oct. 3, 1764, and 
is receipted by Hill. D. S. Ip. 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 79 

1764. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas 
Dec. 24. Gage]. Acknowledges letter of Dec. 15; supposes 

he is free to tell officers that Gage will not forward 
their petition as to land at Detroit; encloses 
return from Capt. [Hugh] Arnot of 46th regiment 
commanding at Oswego; would have sent high- 
landers to Fort George but Gage s orders forbade 
it; Capt. [William] Winepress will march away 
as soon as road is passable. Auto. Draft. Ip. 

[1764.] [Bradstreet, John. Albany]. Letter to [Thomas 
[Dec?] Gage]. Plan for conciliation of Indians in 
Northern districts of North America; recom 
mends distribution of agricultural implements, 
horses, etc. among them and the settlement 
of missionaries as was done by the French; 
estimates the expense and suggests that the 
whole affair be conducted by the Crown and 
not by the colonies; considers the Oneidas and 
Hurons as best tribes on which the experiment 
should be first tried. Auto. Draft. 4pp. 

[1764?] [Bradstreet, John. Albany]. Letter to [Thomas 
Gage]. Encloses accounts of Baxter and Hum 
phrey with original receipts of individual wagon 
ers employed by that firm in the public service; 
vouches for the accounts; believes that even 
[James] Livingston can find nothing to find 
fault with in them. Auto. Draft. Ip. 

1765. Christie, John. Fort George. To [John Bradstreet]. 
Jan. 2. Certificate of service performed by Peter Fonda 

in transporting troops in British service, with 
receipt by Fonda dated Oct. 8, 1766. D. S. 2pp. 

1765. Degrov, [Michel.] Albany. To [John] Bradstreet. 
Jan. 23. Two receipts for 7 and 27, payment for 
services as interpreter to Indians on campaign 
[of 1764]. D. S. 2pp. 



80 American Antiquarian Society. 

1765. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas] 
Feb. 2. Gage. Encloses monthly return of 46th regi 
ment and state of garrison at Niagara received 
from Lt. Col. [John] Vaughan; condition of 
New York volunteers enlisted by Bradstreet 
at Gage s order; 3250 currency due these 
troops and they threaten to sue writer for that 
amount; having law and justice on their side, 
Bradstreet suggests that these men be paid 
and the colony trusted to reimburse the money. 
Auto. Draft. Ip. 

See following entry and references. 

1765. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas 
Feb. 25. Gage]. Acknowledges letter [of Feb?] with war 
rant; regrets that Gage will not provide money 
for payment of New York volunteers; details 
circumstances under which he recruited them 
and awkward place in which he finds himself, 
as both British and Colonial authorities refuse 
to reimburse him; case the same regarding 
money spent necessarily on the Indians; gives 
testimony of Maj. [William] Hogan that men 
served in British army; money due for batteau 
service also; poor condition of wagons and of 
cattle at Albany. Auto. Draft. 3pp. 

See: same to same, Nov. 29, 1764, and Feb. 2, 1765; also 
Bradstreet to Shelburne, Nov. 2, 1766. 

[1765?] [Gage, Thomas. New York.] Letter to [John 
[Feb.?] Bradstreet]. Articles in "A Brief State of the 
Circumstances relating to Colonel Bradstreet s 
enlisting 107 men for the New York Battalion 
in 1764 which the General objects to." In ms. 
of Gabriel Maturin, Secy, to Maj. Genl. Gage, 2pp. 
A copy of this manuscript was enclosed by Brad- 
street in letter to Lord Shelburne, Nov. 2, 1766. 

See preceding entry and Bradstreet, John,* Account of 
Enlistments, Nov. 2, 1766. 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 81 

1765. Maitland, Richard. New York. To [John] 
Mar. 14. Bradstreet. Directions for sending cargoes of 
stores or provisions from any of the King s 
magazines. A. D. S. 2pp. 

1765. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas] 

Mar. 22. Gage. Winter allowances to men cutting boat 

timber or gathering hay; carriage of provisions; 

report from Capt.-Lt. [Patrick] Balneaves of 

conditions at Fort Edward. Auto. Draft. Ip. 

1765. Fonda, Jellis & Co. [Albany.] To [John Brad- 
Mar. 23. street]. Accounts against the Crown for pro 
visions and transportation during 1764, with 
receipts by Fonda to Bradstreet for payment 
in full. A. D. S. 2pp. 

[1765.] Glen, Cornelius. [Schenectady.] To [Commissary 

[Apr. 19.] Officers and whom it may concern]. Orders 

to pass bearers, William Sinewood and five 

others in two batteaux loaded with naval stores 

for Fort Ontario. A. D. S. 2pp. 

Attached are notes of journey of batteaux. 

1765. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas] 
Apr. 25. Gage. Explains distribution of liquor and other 
presents among the Indians and requests reim 
bursement for money thus expended. Auto. 
Draft. Ip. 

In Sir William Johnson Manuscripts. 

1765. Arnot, Hugh. [Niagara.] To [John Bradstreet]. 
Apr. 30. Certificate of service of non-commissioned officers 
and privates of the 46th regt. employed Nov. 1, 
1764 to date in Quarter Master General s dept. 
Account for each of seven companies is signed 
by officer of company and the whole account, 
176, 18s. 6d. is countersigned by Arnot. The 
account bears receipt of Cornelius Cuyler dated 
Mar. 6, 1766. A. D. S. 2pp. 



82 American Antiquarian Society. 

1765. Albany, Dutch Church. [Albany.] To John Brad- 
April, street. Church account against Bradstreet for 
12, 11s. 2d. payable to Whitehead Hicks in 
behalf of the church. The account is made 
out in the name of the minister, elders and 
deacons of the church and accompanying it 
is a receipt for the payment of the account, 
dated Nov. 12, 1766, signed by E[ilardus] 
Westerlo jr. D[eputy] W[arden]. D. S. 2pp. 

[1765.] [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas 
[April?] Gage]. Forwards letters by express; is about 
to send provisions to Fort Stanwix in large 
quantity unless this be considered unwise and 
order countermanded [by Gage]; considers the 
French "at the bottom of this Indian affair 
and the Five Nations as ripe for putting their 
grand scheme into execution as any" [other 
Indians]. Auto. Draft. Ip. 

1765. Grant, A[llan?] Schenectady. To [John Brad- 
May 2. street]. Certificate of services of Samuel Staats 
in transporting naval stores. A. D. S. Ip. 

1765. Glen, John. Sch[enecta]dy. To the Commissary 
May 3. Officers [and whom it may concern]. Order to 
pass bearers with provision batteaux; if goods 
are delivered receipt to be given and any defi 
ciency to be noted on order. A. D. S. Ip. 

Above is followed by bill of lading of batteaux in charge 
of Evert Van Gis; six batteaux loaded by Van Gis and 
eighteen others, all to be delivered at Oswego. 

1765. Glen, John. Schenectady. To "John" [Jellis] 
May 8. Fonda. Certificate that Fonda is in charge of 
engineer stores to be delivered at Fort Ontario, 
with directions that he be not delayed on any 
account and that receipt for delivery be made 
out by officer receiving stores. Attached are 
receipts of David Buffington dated May 20 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 83 

for goods, and of Fonda, dated Jul. 23, 1766, 
for money in payment of services. A. D. S. Ip. 

1765. Demler, George. Fort Stanwix. To John Glen. 

May 22. Certificate of services in transporting stores, 

performed by William Quin, with receipt of 

John Monier, dated Nov. 1, 1766, in payment 

of above services. A. D. S. 2pp. 

1765. Etherington, George. Fort George. To John Brad- 
May 23. street. Certificate of services in transporting 
baggage, performed by Charles McKay and 
duplicate in favor of Samuel Dox. Attached 
are receipts by Guert Van Schoonhoven, dated 
Jul. 19. A. Ds. S. 2pp. each. 

1765. Cooke, John. Fort George. To Henry Dowlar 
May 24. and two others. Certificate to Henry Dowlar, 
Andrew [Andris] Johnson and William Peters 
for provisions from Halfmoon with receipt by 
Johnson, dated Aug. 13, 1766, in full of account. 
A. D. S. Ip. 

1765. Vaughan, John. Niagara. To John Bradstreet. 
May 24. Encloses bill of John Stedman against Brad- 
street for services as wagon master at Niagara, 
1764-1765; certifies as to employment as stated 
and that bill should be paid by Bradstreet. 
On verso is receipt of Stedman [Feb.] 2, 1766 
for payment of above account. D. S. Ip. 

1765. Glen, John. Schenectady. To Commissary Ofri- 
May 25. cers [and whom it may concern]. Directions 
for passing bearers of letter with provision 
batteaux; deficiencies to be noted; goods to 
be delivered to Douw Fonda by James Gary 
and five men and are for use of Indians. 
Attached are receipts of Fonda of May 26 and 
of Cornelius Cuyler of Nov. 6, in payment of 
services rendered. A. D. S. Ip. 



84 American Antiquarian Society. 

1765. Glen, John. Schenectady. To Commissary Offi- 
Jun. 11. cers [and whom it may concern]. Orders to 
pass bearers with provision batteaux; when 
goods are delivered, receipt is to be given and 
any deficiency noted on orders. Attached are 
bills of lading for six batteaux and receipt 
signed by Edward Smyth at Fort Stanwix 
Jim. 16 for goods listed. A. D. S. Ip. 

1765. Mclntosh, George. Fort Edward. To [John] 

Jun. 14. Bradstreet. Certificate of services of John 

Fluree [Flower?] employed four and one-half 

days in repairing boat used as ferry near Fort 

Edward. A. D. S. Ip. 

During July, similar certificates of services performed 
were given Bradstreet regarding Martin Van Alstyn, John 
Feather, Solomon Pitcher and Daniel Dunham. 

1765. Duncan, John. [Schenectady.] To [John Bradstreet]. 

Jul. 17. Sworn statement before John Glen jr., as to 

character and price of lumber furnished. D. S. Ip. 

1765. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas 
Aug. 4. Gage]. Acknowledges letter of Jul. 29, enclosing 
petition of [Mathew] Trotter; petitioner was 
offered as much pay as he had earned but refused 
it; charges were too high; asks instructions as 
to enlistment of deserters and interpretation 
of act of Parliament for quartering troops etc. 
upon the people. Auto. Draft. Ip. 

This measure for quartering soldiers upon Americans 
was passed in Apr. 1765, being an extension of the Mutiny 
Act to America. It was known as the Quartering or 
Billeting Act in the Colonies. 

[1765.] Glen, John. [Schenectady.] To [Commissary 
[Aug. 7?] Officers and whom it may concern]. Orders 
[to pass Abraham Van Eps and eight men] with 
provision batteaux en route to Oswego. Four 
notes regarding the trip to Sept. 1 are attached. 
A. D. S. 2pp. 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 85 

1765. Glen, John. Schenectady. To [John] Bradstreet. 
Aug. 10. Certificate of batteaux for royal service delivered 
by Eleazer Cawey with receipt of Henry Glen 
in behalf of Cawey dated Jul. 23, 1766 for pay 
ment in full of account. A. D. S. Ip. 

1765. Glen, John. Schenectady. To Commissary Offi- 
Aug. 12. cers [and whom it may concern]. Orders to 
pass bearers with provision batteaux; on delivery 
of goods receipt to be given and any deficiency 
to be noted on orders ; Andrew Wimple in charge 
of batteaux and provisions are to be delivered 
to Douw Fonda for use of Indians at Caughnawa. 
Attached are receipts of Fonda dated Aug. 14 
for goods and of Peter Comyn dated Nov. 6 for 
services performed. A. D. S. Ip. 

1765. Glen, John. [Schenectady.] To Commissary 
Aug. 13. Officers [and whom it may concern]. Orders 
to pass bearers with provision batteaux for 
Fort Stanwix; when goods are delivered receipt 
to be given and deficiencies noted on orders. 
Attached are three notes regarding passage 
of boats. A. D. S. 2pp. 

1765. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas] 
Aug. 18. Gage. Acknowledges letter of Aug. 12; allow 
ance of wagons to a regiment made by Sir 
Jeffrey Amherst ; difference of conditions between 
taking the field and marching to port; is for 
warding tobacco in accordance with orders. 
Auto. Draft. Ip. 

1765. Grant, Allan. Fort George. To [John] Bradstreet. 

Sep. 1. Certificate of services of Vincent Benneway 

[or Benoit] in movement from Albany to Fort 

George with receipt of Benneway dated May 25, 

1766 for payment of account. A. D. S. Ip. 

Similar certificates were given Bradstreet during Sep 
tember and October regarding Jacob Van Vordt, Jykeris 



86 American Antiquarian Society. 

Van der Bogart, Cornelius Cuyler, and notes as to services 
of John Heimstrart, Lawrence Clew and Henry and Isaac 
Lawnson. Many of these manuscripts have receipts for 
payments for services attached. 

1765. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. To [Thomas] Gage. 
Oct. 14. States charge made against himself by the Atty. 
Genl. of New York in dispute with " Dutch 
Church 7 ; is charged with using and injuring 
lands of church 1759-1762 to extent of 1000; 
despite lack of proof that land belonged to church 
or that any trespass was made by his order and 
refusal of Commander in Chief [Sir Jeffrey 
Amherst] to support claim, arbiters decide that 
he must pay 210; advises Gage to submit 
proceedings to the king s ministers together 
with copy of charter of city under which land 
is claimed ; charter is not good in law and people 
should be informed that there is no basis for 
claim. Auto. Draft. 2pp. 

See: Bradstreet to Sir Jeffrey Amherst, May 23, and 
Amherst to Bradstreet, Aug. 28, 1763, ante pp. 70, 71. 

1765. Arnot, Hugh. [Niagara.] To [John Bradstreet]. 
Oct. 31. Certificate of service of non-commissioned officers 
and privates of the 46th regiment employed May 
1 in Quarter Master General s department. Ac 
count for each of eight companies is signed by 
officer of company and the whole account, 
68. 18s. is countersigned by Arnot. On verso 
is receipt by Cornelius Cuyler to Bradstreet 
dated Mar. 6, 1766. A. D. S. 2pp. 

1765. Glen, John. Schenectady. To [John] Bradstreet. 
Nov. 9. Statement of account of Teunis Van Vleck 
against the Crown for carriage of baggage four 
teen days, with receipt of Van Vleck dated 
Jul. 15, 1766 in full of above charge. A. D. S. Ip. 

1765. Glen, John. Schenectady. To [John] Bradstreet. 
Nov. 10. Certificate of service of Adam Smith in impress 
ment of carriages for King s use with receipt 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 87 

of Smith dated Apr. 7, 1766, in full of above 
charge. A. D. S. 2pp. 

1765. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas] 

Nov. 17. Gage]. Sickness of barrack master at Fort 

Edward; difficulties in procuring wood for the 

winter; supplies which need renewing; poor 

condition of roads. Auto. Draft. Ip. 

1765. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas 
Nov. 23. Gage. Acknowledges letter of Nov. 17; to 

prevent the corporation of Albany destroying 
the new barracks before arrival of additional 
troops has moved a portion of the garrison 
thither; encloses copies of correspondence with 
the Mayor on the matter, also return of additional 
troops; bearer of letter has petition of Assembly 
regarding men raised for the New York bat 
talion in 1764. Auto. Draft. Ip. 

1766. Byerly, Frederick. Fort Edward. To Gerrit 
Feb. 17. Knoet [Abert?]. Receipt for 12 bbls. of flour 

brought to post by Gerrit Knoet, Jacob Knoet 
and Nicholas Van Vrank. Attached is receipt 
of Apr. 13, for payment for flour. A. D. S. 2pp. 

1766. Maitland, Richard. New York. To [John Brad- 

Feb. 28. street]. General orders respecting marching of 

troops and all contingent charges; method of 

arranging accounts; allowances for detachments; 

payment of incidental expenses, etc. D. S. 3pp. 

1766. Vaughan, John. New York. To John Bradstreet. 
Mar. 10. Account of money due Quartermaster George 
Butrick of the 46th regiment in payment of 
wages of four men for 36 days service making 
hay at Niagara, 7. 4s. N. Y. currency. Attached 
is receipt of Butrick dated Mar. 16 for above 
account. D. S. Ip. 



88 American Antiquarian Society. 

1766. Bayley, William. Schenectady. To [John Brad- 
Mar. 24. street]. Certificate of services of John Vedder and 
of Jean Baptiste Van Eps in transporting provis 
ions from Albany. Attached is receipt of Jacob 
W. Schermerhorn dated Aug. 14 for payment 
in full for Vedder s services. A. D. S. 3pp. 

1766. Maitland, Richard. New York. To [John] Brad- 
Jun. 14. street. Orders for march of six companies 
1st battalion, Royal American regiment to 
Quebec. D. S. Ip. 

1766. Bleecker, Henry, jr. Albany. To John Bradstreet. 

Jun. 30. Receipt of 7. 4s. " which with 80 from * * * 

Abraham Dow " is for the pay of the late Anthony 

Bleecker, Interpreter May 1-Dec. 4, 1764 in the 

[Indian] expedition of that year. D. S. Ip. 

1766. Gage, Thomas. New York. To [John] Bradstreet 
Jun. 30. or Officer in command at Albany. Directs 
examination of evidence against John Dubell 
and Garret Van Slyke of Albany for aiding 
deserters; information may be obtained from 
Capt. [Philip] Schuyler; four deserters named. 
L. S. 2pp. 

1766. Glen, John. Schenectady. To [John] Bradstreet. 

Jul. 1. Certificate of batteaux for royal service delivered 

by John Johnson and Adam Fonda. Attached is 

receipt of Jellis Fonda dated Jul. 23 for payment 

in full of above account. A. D. S. Ip. 

During July similar certificates of service performed 
or of material furnished were given Bradstreet regarding 
Jan Vrooman, Jacob Hemstreack, Gerrit Knoet [Abert?] 
and John Van Vrank all of which have receipts attached 
for payment of services rendered. 

1766. Carye, L[ucius] F[erdinan]d. Fort Edward. To 
Jul. 4. Philip Schuyler. Has been charged ferriage 
for 224 men and 17 wagons but finds no prece 
dent for payment of such charges for king s 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 89 

troops; if charge is just requests Schuyler to 
pay it and repayment will be made upon his 
return to Albany. A. L. S. Ip. 

1766. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas 
[JuL] 21. Gage]. Has applied to the Mayor [of Albany] 
as to completion and furnishing of barracks for 
soldiers; present conditions; existing scarcity of 
boats due to demands of Sir William Johnson. 
Auto. Draft. Ip. 

See: Bradstreet to Gage. Nov. 23, 1765. 

1766. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas] 
Sept. 15. Gage. Acknowledges letter of Sept. 1; will 
follow instructions respecting 17th regiment 
upon their receipt; explains delay in forwarding 
public accounts for previous year; [Philip] 
Schuyler not able to sell bills upon satisfactory 
footing; asks if any word has been received from 
England as to payment of men raised for the 
[New] York battalion [of the 55th regiment]. 
Auto. Draft. Ip. 

1766. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas] 
Oct. 25. Gage. Acknowledges letter of Oct. 20; as he 
was so pressing for settlement of last year s 
accounts writer advanced money to do so not 
waiting for sale of [Gage s] bills; has been informed 
by [Philip] Schuyler that bills have since been 
sold ; has referred the portion of letter relating 
to Schuyler to that person; considers [John] 
Glen a very capable assistant and prefers to 
make up from his own pocket any reduction in 
Glen s salary rather than to lose that official; 
will send last year s account to him by Schuyler. 
Auto. Draft. 2pp. 

[1766.] Comyn, Peter. [Albany.] To [John] Bradstreet. 
[Oct?] Statement of account showing cash received 
from [Maj.] Genl. [Thomas] Gage and succeeding 
items furnished. In Ms. of clerk. Ip. 



90 American Antiquarian Society. 

1766. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. To [William Petty, 
Nov. 2. Earl Shelburne?] Explains circumstances con 
nected with his enlistment of men for the New 
York battalion [of the 55th regt.] by order of 
Maj. Genl. [Thomas] Gage Apr. 2, 1764 to date; 
refusal of province and of Gage to pay men; 
has been sued for wages of soldiers amounting 
to nearly 2000 and is told by lawyers that he 
must pay; asks whether he better enter suit 
against Gage for amount; has forwarded a 
memorial of the matter to the Treasury through 
Gage but has heard nothing of it; requests 
Shelburne s influence; will write the king or 
his Secretary at War if advised to do so. Auto. 
Draft. 2pp. 

See: Bradstreet to Gage, Feb. 2 and Feb. 25, 1765; 
Jan. 15, 1767; and the following account. 

[1766?] [Bradstreet, John. Albany.] Account of enlist- 
[Nov. 2?] ments in New York 1764. Account is in reply 
to [Maj. Genl. Thomas Gage]: "A Brief state 
of the circumstance relating to Colonel Brad- 
street s enlisting 107 men for the New York 
Battalion in 1764 ". The reasons for the enlist 
ment are given and the position in which Brad- 
street as well as the troops enlisted are left because 
of the neglect of province and of Commander 
in Chief is set forth. Auto. Draft. 4pp. 

Enclosed in preceding manuscript. 
See: Gage to Bradstreet, Feb. 1765. 

1766. [Albany, Dutch Church.] Albany. To John Brad- 
Nov. 12. street. Receipt by E[ilardus] Westerlo, jr. 

See: Account of the Church against Bradstreet Apr. 1765 . 

1766. Maturin, G[abriel.] New York. Letter to [John] 

Nov. 29. Bradstreet. Explanations [of accounts presented] 

are satisfactory; returns vouchers with abstract 

of what has been paid and what remains due on 

contingent account; clerk will pay balance 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 91 

whenever desired; Board of Treasury hold 
[Maj.] Genl. [Thomas Gage] accountable for all 
disbursements in North America; latter desired 
heads of departments to have account with 
Treasury as before subject only to his approval. 
A. L. S. 2pp. 

Maturin was Gage s Secretary at headquarters, New York. 

1766. Maturin, G[abrieL] Head Quarters. [New York.] 
Dec. 4. Letter to [John] Bradstreet. Has examined 
charge for soldiers annexed to Bradstreet s 
memorial; requests list of such bills as Bradstreet 
can most conveniently use to the total of above 
charge; temporary receipt to be given [Maj.] 
Genl. [Thomas Gage] until permanent policy 
of Board of Treasury is known and answer to 
memorial received; has forwarded balance of 
account for 1765 and 1000 currency toward 
expense of current year. A. L. S. 2pp. 

1766. Crippen, Joseph. Sharon, [Conn.] To John Brad- 
Dec. 26. street. Assignment to Solomon Strong of power 

to collect wages when serving in company of 
Capt. Isaac Van Valkenburgh in 1764. The 
manuscript is in the hand of John Williams, 
is witnessed by John and William Williams, and 
sworn to before John Williams, Justice *of the 
Peace. D. S. Ip. 

1767. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas] 
Jan. 15. Gage. Acknowledges letter of Jan. 6; had no 

intention of asking for a gratuity when seeking 
reimbursement for expenses in connection with 
raising troops for campaign of 1764; case of Col. 
[Henry] Bouquet not like his nor are the cases in 
European service; if his " expenses for the good 
of the service " can not be repaid in whole 
requests a part, thanks Gage for services thus 
far rendered. Auto. Draft. Ip. 



92 American Antiquarian Society. 

1767. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany: Letter to [Thomas] 
Jan. 22. Gage. Troops have interfered to prevent towns 
people tearing down government store house; 
"some gentlemen of the law at New York" 
claim the building could be torn down as a public 
nuisance but troops acted in accordance with 
Gage s orders; fears the courts will uphold the 
view of the lawyers. Auto. Draft. Ip. 

1767. Wood, Draper S. Albany. Letter to John Brad- 
Feb. 3. street. Sleds wanted for Sir William Johnson s 
Indians. A. L. S. Ip. 

In Sir William Johnson Manuscripts ante p. 25. 

1767. Stephens, James. Fort Stanwix. To John "Glyn" 
Jun. 26. [Glen]. Certificate of services of Robart Strange 
in transporting ordnance to Schenectady; six 
days delay at Fort Stanwix. Attached are 
receipts of James Nash dated Jul. 4 for ordnance 
received and of Abraham Oothout dated 
Jan. 23, 1768 for money in payment of services 
rendered. D. S. 2pp. 

1767. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas 
Nov. 14. Gage]. Understands that Assembly meets Nov. 
17 and that Gov. Henry Moore is to urge pay 
ment for men enlisted by Bradstreet [in 1764]; 
gives account of the circumstances that Gage 
may submit the matter to the legislature in his 
own name; Col. [Philip] Schuyler will render 
any assistance desired in the matter; letters 
given to Schuyler to be placed before Assembly 
if Gage consents. Auto. Draft. Ip. incomplete. 

1767. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas Gage]. 

Nov. 22. Encloses account for 1766 and will forward 

return of outstanding debts as soon as possible; 

guns taken from French at Oswego by desire 

of Sir William Johnson; wishes the number 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 93 

received by [John] Butler for use of Indians; 
refers to Capt. [Gabriel] Maturin for information; 
sends two accounts of what is due him [Brad- 
street] for campaign of 1764; one includes expend 
iture for secret service; by precedent of 1756 
this service is allowed; if not approved, will 
try to have it paid "at home." Auto. 
Draft. 2pp. 

1768. Schuyler, Abraham. Albany. To Jellis Fonda. 
Jul. 25. Receipt for five bear skins from Petrus Van 
Driessen. A. D. S. Ip. 

1768. Glen, John. Schenectady. To Commissary Offi- 
Aug. 2. cers [and whom it may concern]. Orders to 
pass bearers with provision batteaux under 
charge of a Wouter Dance"; on receipt of goods 
acknowledgment to be made and deficiencies 
to be noted on orders. A. D. S. (2) 2pp. 

On verso are Glen s instructions to Wouter Dance and 
receipt from Lt. [John] Galland to Dance, each an A. N. S. 

1768. Glen, John. Schenectady. To John Bradstreet. 

Nov. 4. Certificate that Cornelius Glen has furnished one 

batteau for royal service with receipt by Abraham 

Cuyler dated Jan. 10, 1771 for payment of 

account. A. D. S. 2pp. 

1768. Glen, John. [Schenectady.] To [John Bradstreet]. 
Dec. 20. Certificate of services of Albert Vidder [Vedder?] 

in repairing 13 batteaux. A. D. S. Ip. 

1769. [Bradstreet, John.] Albany. Letter to [Thomas 
Jan. 15. Gage]. Trouble over the payment of debts 

outstanding from 1767, a list of which was 
forwarded in Oct. [Dec.] of that year; people 
are sueing [John] Glen and latter, being only an 
agent, falls back on Bradstreet; hopes he will 
not be compelled to pay just debts of the army; 



94 American Antiquarian Society. 

encloses accounts for 1768 " chiefly for Sir 
William Johnson s Department and unpaid 
debts of 1767; disputes between late Capt. [John] 
Stevens and batteau men; troubles with Capt. 
[Joshua] Loring and testimony of Col. [Delancey] 
Robinson in this matter; if money is allowed 
as desired, writer will draw on [Abraham] 
Mortier for it. Auto. Draft. 2pp. 

1769. [Bradstreet, John]. Albany. Letter to [Thomas 
Feb. 18. Gage]. Encloses account of contingent expenses 
and outstanding debts for previous year; pre 
cautions taken to prevent fraud; encloses copy 
of instructions from Sir Jeffrey Amherst for 
discharge of outstanding debts contracted during 
[William] Shirley s administration; trouble antic 
ipated for [John] Glen; position of Capt. [Robert] 
Rogers in the past. Auto. Draft. 2pp. 

[1770?] Bradstreet/ John. [Albany. To Go v. John Murray, 
[May] Earl Dunmore, and the Council of New York.] 

Petition and argument setting forth the invalidity 
of the Hardenbergh patent in New York and 
petitioner s right to 300,000 acres of lands pur 
chased from the Indians in 1769; purchase was 
by consent of Sir William Johnson and in the 
presence of Sir Henry Moore ; requests that claim 
be confirmed by royal grant. The argument, 
framed by Bradstreet s attorney and strengthened 
by additions, was forwarded [by Dunmore?] to 
the Lords of Trade and Plantation March, 1771. 
Draft. 72pp. 

See Docts. relating to Col. Hist, of New York, VIII, 267, 
268, 271, 287, 289, 294, 347, 378, and following entry. This 
manuscript is printed in full on page 147 of this volume. 

1771. [Johnson, Sir William.] Johnson Hall. Letter to 

Jan. 22. Col. [John] Bradstreet. Acknowledges letter of 

Dec., 1770; considers it but just to state that Six 

Nations declared that they and they only had the 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 95 

right to sell lands west of Popaghtonk branch; 
although lands were claimed under Hardenbergh 
patent, Indians granted land to Bradstreet in 
presence of Sir Henry Moore; could be more 
circumstantial but thinks above statement 
sufficient for Bradstreet s purpose. Copy. Ip. 

Draft of above is in Sir William Johnson Papers in New 
York State Library. 

1771. Coventry, George. Fairhill near Hamilton, [Ber- 
Jun. 25. muda?] Letter to John Bradstreet. Difficul 
ties regarding his brother and his work in New 
York; career of latter and of his nephew; asks 
advice as to return to America; acknowledges 
letters of Dec. 9 [1770] from Bradstreet and Sept. 
12 from Capt. [Philip] Schuyler. A. L. S. 2pp. 

1771. Coventry, George. Hamilton. [Bermuda?]. Let- 
Aug. 20. ter to John Bradstreet or Capt. Philip Schuyler. 

Acknowledges letters of Sept. 12 and Dec. 9, 
1770 from Schuyler and Bradstreet respectively; 
gives directions regarding management of farms; 
Stevenson farm at Claverack to be taken from 
his brother and put in charge of his nephew 
Alexander Patterson; other personal matters. 
A. L. S. Ip. 

On verso in auto, of Bradstreet is list of provisions placed 
on board two sloops. 

1772. Monier, John. Albany. To [John] Bradstreet. 
Oct. 19. Account of Post Officer at Albany against 

Bradstreet from Jul. 5, 1771 to Sept. 26, 1772, 
with receipt for payment of account in full. 
D. S. Ip. 

1773. [Bradstreet, John. Albany.] Letter to [William 
May 10. Petty, Earl Shelburne?]. Recounts his services 

in behalf of the Crown from 1745 to date and 
declares himself to have been hardly used ; 



96 American Antiquarian Society. 

several inferior officers promoted over his head; 
is the only general officer in the service without 
a regiment; hopes for this recognition of his 
services although he has "not gone to England to 
importune for what he had a right to expect." 
Auto. Draft. 2pp. 

Bradstreet had been promoted to a Major Generalship 
May 25, 1772. 

1773. Glen, John. Sche[nectad]y. To [John] Bradstreet. 

Aug. 20. Returns Book of [Land] Patents; finds that he 

has just claim to large estate in Schenectady; 

movements of Gov. [William] Tyron. A. L. S. Ip. 

1773. Bradstreet, John. Albany. Letter to William 
Sept. 29. Tryon. Petitions that [George] Mclntosh and 
others from New England be put off certain 
lands purchased by Bradstreet from the Indians 
under leave of Sir Henry Moore; location of 
lands on main branch of Delaware river; con 
siders Hardenbergh Patent [1706] not inclusive 
of his lands but rather invalid and of no force. 
A. D. S. 4pp. 

See: Bradstreet, John. Petition May, 1770, and Docts. 
relating to Col. Hist, of New York VIII, 272. 

1773. Coventry, George. Fairhill, [Bermuda?] Letter to 
Oct. 11. John Bradstreet. Has purchased land in Island 
of St. Johns; will sell home place as soon as possi 
ble for he wishes much to go to his new purchase; 
intends sending Alexander Patterson to begin 
a settlement there; asks regarding his brother; 
in case latter leaves farm which he is working, 
desires Bradstreet to put William Martin in 
charge; offer to his brother in case he will leave; 
respects to [Philip] Schuyler. A. L. S. Ip. 

1773. Glen, John. Schenectady. To [John] Bradstreet. 

Dec. 30. Explanations regarding stores for the Indians; 

acknowledges note by Adam Condie. A. L. S. Ip. 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 97 

[1773.] Bradstreet, John. [Albany.] State of Account 
with Phyn & Ellice. Existing relation between 
the two parties; claims against Bradstreet with 
reply of latter to these claims. Auto Draft. 6pp. 

1777[?] Wain, Anthony. [Albany.] To [Estate of] John 
Sept. 11. Bradstreet. Account against Bradstreet for 
meats, with receipt in full dated Oct. 16. 
A. D. S. lp. 

Endorsed: Anthony Wayne. 



THE CLAIMS OF 
COL. JOHN BRADSTREET 

TO 

LANDS IN AMERICA. 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 101 



NOTE. 

Few Colonial land titles in America have been contested 
with more vigor than that of Col. John Bradstreet to certain 
Indian lands within the limits of the present state of New 
York. Interfering as it did with claims under the Hardenbergh 
patent of 1706, Bradstreet s title was as aggressively opposed 
as it was ardently maintained, both in the colony of New York 
and at the Court of Great Britain. A summary of the action 
taken upon the Bradstreet claim will not be amiss as an intro 
duction to the argument by which it was supported. 

So far as the native title was concerned, Bradstreet s claim 
originated in an Indian deed of October 29, 1768, and was 
completed by the acceptance of the deed and the payment 
of the purchase money in the following year. On presenting 
a petition for a patent from the Government in May, 1770, 
Bradstreet was at once opposed by the Hardenbergh propri 
etors, following which the Council of New York on May 30, 
1770, directed Bradstreet to serve a copy of his petition and 
the order taken thereon upon the Hardenbergh proprietors 
with a summons to them for July 4, to show cause why his 
prayer should not be granted. After some delay, Dec. 10 
was assigned for the argument of counsel for the Bradstreet 
claim and on that date the major portion of this argument, 
printed upon the following pages, was presented. In oppo 
sition to Bradstreet s claim which held the earlier patent 
invalid and its construction strained, counsel for the Harden 
bergh proprietors presented their case on Feb. 5, 1771, 
following which the Bradstreet argument was concluded. 
Further evidence was given on March 11 and 18, and on the 
20th of the same month a grant of 20,000 acres was made by 
the Council to Bradstreet. 

Upon reference of both petition and grant to the British 
authorities for their formal approval this action was on June 5 , 



102 American Antiquarian Society. 

1771, declared illegal, the home government holding that the 
New York Provincial Council lacked power to decide upon 
the petition. The letter of Lord Hillsborough giving this 
decision aroused the Council and on August 14 that body 
made a report at length in answer to Hillsborough maintaining 
the powers of the province. 

As a result of this additional contest the validity of the 
Bradstreet claim remained unsettled for two years. The 
discussion was transferred to England and not until August 
31, 1773, was the petition granted once more by the Council 
of New York. The death of Bradstreet in the following year 
left the claim to his heirs for final settlement with the later 
state of New York. 

The manuscript as printed on the following pages gives in 
full the argument of Bradstreet s counsel, those portions being 
noted which were added before presentation in England. So 
far as known, no other copy of Bradstreet s argument exists in this 
country, and the commissioners from New York appear to have 
found nothing of the character when transcribing in England 
the manuscripts there filed relating to the Colonial history of 
New York. It is here printed as a good illustration of the 
vagueness with which land grants were described and the 
character of the arguments by which they were maintained 
during the Colonial period of American history. 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 103 



THE ABGUMENT. 



May it please your Lordship & the Honorable Board: 

There is perhaps no Tribunal at which Declamation will 
less succeed than at this Honorable Board. When Judges are 
of a Rank superior to those Emotions which in vulgar Minds 
usurp the place of Reason the Orator cannot expect to bear 
his blushing Honors thick upon him. The Weight of Evidence 
the Energy of Argument will command Attention & the plain 
Road of Common Sense will lead to conviction while the flowery 
Path of Rhetoric remains neglected and untrodden. Had 
those Sentiments been adopted by the Gentlemen who spoke 
agt us much Time unnecessarily spent might have been Excused 
and were it not that the Matter in Controversy is of very great 
importance to the Crown & my Claim I should have saved your 
Lordship & this Board the Trouble of attending to this Reply. 
The Gentlemen who oppose us have endeavoured to support 
such an Extension of the Patent to Joh^annes Hardenbergh as 
is opposed to] the Right of the Crown and Deprives my Client 
& his Associates of the Benefit of an Indian pact Regularly 
obtained and of the [advantage] of his Majesty s Letters patent 
for the Lands in Controversy. And as at the opening of this 
[Controversy] it was made a Question whether Col. Bradstreet 
is entitled to the Grace of the Crown even were the Lands 
vacant. I shall in the Course of this Reply 

First shew that he is in a Situation [which] entitles him 
to ask that Grace and Secondly, that there is room for con 
tending if the Patent to Hardenbergh and others be justified 
[it should be restricted] within proper bounds. And as to 
the first point my Lord 2 - 

According to the Regulation that has for some Years existed 

First Set of Proofs no purchase can be made of the Indians but by 

the Govr. or Commander in Chief for his Majesty s 

use at some public meeting with the Indian Tribe to whom the 



1 The words within the brackets are supplied by the Editor when the original 
manuscript is torn or illegible. 

2 These two introductory paragraphs appear to have been added when the 
argument was taken from the New York authorities and presented to the British 
Court. Other changes of wording will be noticed as the argument proceeds. 



104 American Antiquarian Society. 

Lands belong That the Lands in Controversy were thus 
indianDeedNo.i. purchased will be rendered evident from an 
Readit - Indian deed procured in conformance to the 

above mentioned Regulation at the Expense of Col. Bradstreet 
and his Associates. 

From this deed it appears that Col. Bradstreet and his 
Associates paid the Indians a large Consideration, that the 
Gov r . obtained the Conveyance to his Majesty s Use at a General 
Treaty and that it was made by the Indians expressly with 
the Intent that Col. Bradstreet and his Associates should have 
the preference to all others in obtaining his Majesty s Letters 
patent for the Lands thereby conveyed. 

But besides this Conformity to the Regulation prescribed 
by the royal Proclamation the purchase was made with the 
privity of Sir W m . Johnson Superin (ten) dent for Indian Affairs 
NO 2 sir Wm m ^ e Northern District. 

Johnson s Letter. This appears by his Letter 8 to Col. Bradstreet 
on the subject 

This Letter my Lord will serve not only to shew Sir William s 
Privity to the purchase and that it was publickly transacted 
as appears from these Words in it "If I was sufficiently 
recovered to have recourse to the several proceedings at that 
Time I might possibly be more circumstantial but I fancy 
this will prove satisfactory as to the Idea the Indians enter 
tained and their Intentions in making the Grant to You" [but] 
it will also be of use under the Second General Head and 
shew in Addition to what has been offered in proof from the 
Acts & Declaration of the Esopus Indians (under whom the 
Proprietors of Hardenbergh s patent Claim their Indian Title) 
that both those Indians & the Six Nations agreed that the 
property of the Lands in Controversy were in the latter as the 
native original prop rs thereof. 

True it is that the Lands in Controversy are within the Line 
established at the above mentioned Treaty as the boundary 
of the Lands ceded by the Indians to the Crown; but as that 
NO 3 Extract of Cession was posterior to our purchase and as 
Indian Treaty. by the Terms of the Treaty (of which we are 
informed the Gov 1 . is possessed) it will appear that 
the Indians made a Saving in favor of those of his Majesty s Sub 
jects to whom they had sold Land, the Cession must operate as a 
Confirmation of our Indian Title. And that We reason justly, 
my Lord, will appear from an Extract of the Treaty which I 
beg leave to read. 
NO 3 Coi Cro- ^6 Fairness of this Transaction will further 

an s Certificate, appear from a Certificate of Col. Croghan who 
was present at the Execution of our Deed & at the 

3 See summary of letter in Calendar under date Jan 22, 1771. 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 105 

Indian Treaty at which it was executed. But this fact is further 
NO. 4 Adems Cer- Confirmed by the Certificate of Robert Adems 
tificate. Read it. one o f the Witnesses sworn to by John Butler 
interpreter and the other Witnesses to the Indian Deed. 

From those several pieces of Evidence my Lord we humbly 
conceive that it appears to a demonstration evident that the 
Lands in Controversy were purchased by Sir Henry Moore at 
our Expense at a public Meeting or Treaty with the Native 
Indian prop rs ., and tho ; to his Majesty s use, yet in fact for our 
Benefit, and with a declared intent to entitle us to his Majesty s 
Letters patent for the same, that the Consideration was actually 
paid & the deed executed in the presence of Sir Henry Moore, 
that the purchase was confirmed by the Af d . Treaty of Cession 
and we presume there is not the least Reason to doubt we should 
long since have experienced the Grace of the Crown in Common 
with several others of his Majesty s Subjects whose purchases 
were in the same predicament with ours, by the Grant of his 
Majesty s Letters patent, had it not been for that Groundless 
opposition of the proprietors of Hardenbergh s patent, which 
has hitherto obstructed all our Attempts made at a Great 
Expense to avail ourselves of his Majesty s Royal favor. But, 
my Lord, to shew that this Opposition is groundless, We shall 
proceed under the Second General Head. 

1 st . To recapitulate the arguments & proofs which we 
offered at the first Hearing against the Claim of our Opponents, 
etc. 

2 d . To obviate such Objections as at the last hearing they 
attempted to avail themselves of In the Execution of this 
part of our Task I shall aim at all possible Brevity; and flatter 
myself that every Obstacle which has hitherto prevented us 
from reaping the fruits of his Majesty s Royal Munificence 
will be effectually removed. 

To do justice however to a Cause of so much importance, 
as we barely opened the points & read the Evidence we had 
to produce in support of them, without scarcely enforcing them 
with a single Reflection, I must beg the favor of your Lordship 
& the Honorable Board, that I may be a little more copious 
in this Reply. 4 

In the opening Argument, I broke two points. (1.) The 
suspicious Circumstances that attended the issuing of Harden 
bergh s patent & from those concluded that the greatest favor 
the prop 1 " 8 , of that patent could expect was a rigid construction 
of their Boundaries especially as it is a Crown Grant; (2.) 
That from a variety of Evidence it was extremely apparent 
that neither the Indians of whom they purchased nor the 

4 The reference is to the opening argument and petition presented in May 1770. 
See summary of proceedings in prefatory note. 



106 American Antiquarian Society. 

proprietors themselves ever till of late years esteemed the 
boundaries of that patent to extend beyond the Popaghtonk 
or East Branch of the Fish Kill or Northernmost Branch of 
Delaware River. 

Under the first point my Lord I observed that as by the 
Policy of Law all Letters patent in England must pass thru 
certain different Offices, which serve as a Check each upon 
the other to prevent undue alienations of the Crown Lands 
so in this Country there is and at least ever since the Gov. 1 came 
into the Hands of the Crown, has been a fixed and estab 
lished Channel thru which every Grant of the Crown Lands 
must pass in order to be good and valid in the Law. 

That his Majesty & his Royal predecessors have tho t fit 
to make the participation of his Council as well as that of his 
Gov r . or Commander in Chief absolutely necessary in the 
Grant of Crown Lands 

That therefore every grant as to situation & Quantity which 
has not been fully & apparently assented to by the Council 
for the Time being must be null & void as issued without 
authority. 

I then proceeded my Lord to shew that the Grant to Harden- 
Second Set of bergh & Company was in that predicament. To 
Proofs. evince this I adduced the following proofs. 

(1.) Johannes Hardenbergh in behalf of himself & Company 
A Petition of on ^ ne ^^ th ^ u ^ ^6 presented his petition to 
Johannes Harden- [Edward Hyde,] Lord Cornbury then Gov r . of this 
S^purchase 6118 ! province setting forth a discovery of a Small 
Ulster Tract in Tract of vacant & unappropriated Land in the 
County of Ulster & desiring to settle & improve 
it, he prays a License to purchase it of the Indians. 

This my Lord was the first Step taken towards obtaining 
the patent in Question. 

The petition is for a Small Tract of Land in the County of 
Ulster only and yet scanty as the limits were which the 
petitioner assigned to himself, this petition was the first step 
towards a Grant containing, exclusive of the present & all other 
Controversies, upwards of 1100 M. [1100 000] Acres & extending 
into the County of Albany as well as that of Ulster. 

(2.) The Gov r . probably deceived with the pretence of 
the Smallness of the Tract without strictly enquiring into the 
Bounds or extent of Country the petitioner had in view did 
NO i B License to ^ an ^ r( ^ er m Council the same day give the 
purchase a smaS Petitioner a License to purchase a small Tract 
ter - of Land in the County of Ulster 

(3.) What Use the petitioner & his Associates made of 
this License for the purchase of a small Tract is not uncertain 
For tho the first petition & the License grounded on it were 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 107 

NO 2 second eti- ^ or a sma ^ Tract of Land yet the petitioner & his 
tfon of C Harden- Associates as appears by their Second petition 
dated the 17th March 1706/7 had so enlarged their 
plan that instead of purchasing of the Indians a small Tract 
they had procured from them a Conveyance of "All That Tract 
of Land lying and being in the County of Ulster stretching 
from the Northwest Bounds of the Township of Marbletown 
northwesterly ten Miles beyond the Hills that lye on the south 
east Side of the Low Lands or Meadow Land that lies on the 
Fish Kill or River and runs northeasterly with said Breadth 
till You come opposite to a Creek called by the Indians Anquoth- 
kon Kill where William Leggs Saw Mill stood, and further still 
running Northeasterly with the Breadth of Ten Miles from said 
Kill northwesterly, to the County of Albany & running South 
wardly along the Northwest Bounds of the Town of Marble- 
town and Rochester with the full Breadth first above ment d . 
till so far as to run with a due South East Line to a certain 
fall in the Rundour [Rondout] Creek called by the Indians 
Hoanekt 1 ". which is the northerly bounds of the Land called 
Nepenack [Napanock] belonging to Jacob Rutsen & Jan James 
Bleeker [Bleecker?]". This Extravagant purchase founded 
on a License for buying a small Tract appears from this petition 
to have given great Umbrage to their Neighbours. For this 
second petition declares that a Caveat had been entered ag*. their 
obtaining a patent for the above described Tract which probably 
interfered with their Neighbours They therefore pray a day 
may be assigned for hearing the parties 

What became of this Contest we are not, perhaps for want 
of a proper search in the Secretary s office, able to determine. 
We will suppose however my Lord that for the present it was 
dropped. But 

(4.) On the 19 th June 1707 Hardenbergh & Company 
*r Q A TV,,VI renewed their Application to Gov*. by a third 

JNo. 3 A. imrd .. x ^ _. . .. T i ,1 

petition of Har- petition & prayed a Grant for the Lands they 
had purchased of the Indians which was read 

in Council. On that very day a petition of the Inhabitants 
& Freeholders of the Town of Hurley praying 

Counci? < rd t- a Grant of a parcel of Land between Marbletown 

tions of Harden- & Kingston & of another parcel between Kings- 

bergh & Hurley. , -, TT -n i ^ i 

ton & the Blue Hills was also read in Council 
& both petitions were ordered to lie on the Table. 

(5.) On the 4 th of Feby 1707 Hardenbergh & Co. presented 
their petition to my Lord Cornbury by which they enlarged 
their Request even beyond the Bounds of their Indian purchase 
& beyond the Bounds of Ulster & extended it into the County 
of Albany; and by this petition they assert what is a downright 
Falsehood to wit that by his Excellency s favor & License 



108 American Antiquarian Society. 

they had purchased some certain vacant Lands in the Counties 
of Ulster & Albany and then under a pretence that they were 
put off meerly from an Apprehension that the Lands they had 
purchased might interfere with some former Grant, they, 
artfully pretending to avoid all Contest, pray for a Grant exactly 
in the Words of their present patent which include Lands in 
the County of Albany. 

NO 4 B order ( 6 -) On the da y following, 5* Feby. 1707, 
that the petition the last mentioned petition was read and so 

lie on the Table. Cautioug ^ were t h e GoV r . & Council that 

they ordered that the petition should lie on the Table till the first 
Thursday in March then next and it was ordered that on that 
day the petitioners & the Inhab ts of Hurley who had petitioned 
for a Tract of Land in the said County (Meaning the County 
of Ulster) should appear & be heard on their respective peti 
tions on the first Tuesday in March then next. 
No g B (7.) The Inhab ts . of Hurley however did not 

appear at the day appointed & therefore on 
the 4th of March 1707/8 probably the day appointed for the 
purpose we find an Order of the Gov r . & Council that the 
Inhab ts . of Hurley do preemptorily appear that day Month 
to make out the Allegations of their former petition. 
NO 6B ( 8 -) On the 18th Marcn 1707/8 but 14 days 

after the last Order there is an Entry in the 
Council Books of a petition of Cornelius Cook and Adrian 
Gerritse in behalf of themselves & the other Inhabitants of 
the County of Ulster withdrawing their Caveat & praying a 
Grant of the Lands mentioned in their former petition which 
are not included within the petition of Hardenbergh; 

In consequence of which it was ordered by the Gov r . & 
Council that a Warrant be prepared for the Atty General to 
prepare a Draft of Letters patent for the Lands petitioned 
for by Johannes Hardenbergh & Company in the County of 
Ulster and 
N B (9.) By an Entry in the Minutes of Council 

it appears that a Warrant to the Atty General 
to prepare a patent for Johannes Hardenbergh and Company 
was signed The Quit rent three pounds 

Upon those pieces of Evidence we insisted that the Crown 
had been deceived in the Grant in Question for that the paten 
tees had originally petitioned for a License to purchase a small 
Tract of Land in the County of Ulster & had abused that License 
by purchasing of the Indians a Tract of ten miles in Breadth 
& of a much more considerable Length, that they persisted 
in this Abuse, by petitioning for a patent for it; That after 
the Obstructions to their obtaining the patent for the Lands 
they had actually purchased beyond all reasonable Construction 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 109 

of their License were removed, they then rose in their Demands 
yet they did it with great Artifice in their last petition by 
setting forth that to avoid Contests with their Neighbours 
they only prayed for the Tract of vacant Land as since described 
in their patent & lying within the Counties of Ulster & Albany 
& therefore extending beyond either of their former petitions 
and their licensed Indian purchase, that nevertheless the 
Order of Council on their last petition expressly restricted 
them to the County of Ulster notwithstanding which, Contrary 
to the established Rules for the Grant of Letters patent which 
require the participation & Consent of the Council as well as 
that of the Governour the patent issued in its present form 
and gave the Patentees Lands in the County of Albany con 
trary to the express Intention of the Council. 5 That the 
Gov r . & Council are in effect commissioners for granting the 
Crown Lands & must act jointly That neither of them could 
execute this Trust alone, That the Gov r . had not the Advice 
of Council to grant Lands in the County of Albany, but on the 
contrary acted ag*. such advice in granting the patent in 
Question That to suppose the declaration in the patent that 
it passed with the Advice of Council should be evidence of the 
fact, would be to contradict the last Entry in the Council 
Books which restricts the patent intended to be granted to 
the County of Ulster That to give such efficacy to that dec 
laration would be in effect to deprive the Council of their Right 
to participate with the Gov r . in the Grant of Lands, by leaving 
it in his power in defiance of that Right to divest the Crown 
of its property even without the Knowledge of the Council 
& that by a single Assertion which in fact would be false That 
tho the Grant of the Crown is a Matter of Record yet any grant 
under the Great Seal of this province which notwithstanding 
any thing asserted in it, could be shewn not to have passed 
thro the ordinary Channel would be as null & void as a patent 
under the Great Seal of Great Britain reciting all the prere 
quisites yet in fact & Truth supported by none of them would be. 
From all which it was concluded that the patent in Question 
issued upon false suggestion & deceit of the Crown & that 
therefore according to the clearest Rules of Law it is absolutely 
null & void & leaves full room for the Application of Col. 
Bradstreet s Indian purchase & petition a Grant in Consequence 
of which cannot possibly interfere with any one s Right. 

But to all this it was answered by the Counsel for Harden- 
berghs patent, that however clear it may be that the Council 
Board might have originally intended to confine the patent 



6 Six lines are erased in the original manuscript at this point and as the following 
six lines give the argument in a form preferred by the Attorney they are omitted 
from this text. 



110 American Antiquarian Society. 

to the County of Ulster yet there is evidence that they after 
wards consented to an Enlargement of the Bounds of the Grant- 
No s [B ] To support this Assertion the Warr*. to the 

Attorney General to prepare the Draft of the 
Letters patent dated the 15 th April 1708 was produced; the 
Bounds of which run exactly in the same words with those 
of the patent itself. And to justify this Warrant Reference 
No ?6 was had to the Entry in the Council Books of 

that day by which it appears that the Warr*. 
for the patent was signed. From whence it was concluded 
that the Council were privy to the Terms of the Warrant & 
consequently to the Boundaries contained in the patent. 

When I first opened this Matter, my Lord, I was utterly 
ignorant that such a Warrant existed Col. Bradstreet informed 
me that he could find no warrant in the Office, whence I nat 
urally concluded that the Warr*. referred to in the last men 
tioned Entry in the Council Books, if any ever issued, must 
have been grounded on the Order of the 18th March preceeding 
which expressly directs that the Warr*. to the Atty General 
to prepare a patent should be confined to the Lands petitioned 
for in the County of Ulster. 

Nor my Lord can I still help thinking that this warrant 
was run either upon the Governour or the Council or both with 
out due Knowledge of its contents. 7 For neither the Warrant 
nor the Entry which in date corresponds with it appears to 
have been read in Council, nor is there the least Entry in the 
Council Books to show that the Gov r . and Council had recon 
sidered the last petition of Hardenbergh the formal Order of 
Determination on which was that he should have a patent for 
the Lands petitioned for in the County of Ulster. It is easy there 
fore to conceive that as the Warrant was merely signed in Council 
its Variance from that formal Order passed unobserved; and 
ought to have no more Credit from the Circumstance of its 
being signed there & the Entry of the Secretary that it was so 
signed than if it had been signed in the absence of the Council. 
Had it corresponded with the Order it had been immaterial 
where or in whose presence or with whose privity it was signed. 
But I humbly conceive as the Council are as necessary Agents 
as the Gov r . in the Grant of the Crown Lands, and as it appears 
that they had in Conjunction with the Governor by a solemn 
Determination restricted the petitioners to the County of 
Ulster, nothing less will do to remove all suspicion of Fraud 
than clear proof of a Revision & Renewal of that determination 
which our Opponents have not produced. 



6 See No. 7 B. Ante p. 158. 

7 Six lines are erased in the original manuscript at this point the argument being 
developed in the following text. 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. Ill 

There is perhaps my Lord, further reason to suspect unfair 
Dealing towards the Crown in this Instance. My Lord 8 
Cornbury was well known both in Britain & America as a 
Gentleman remarkably unattentive to Business and therefore 
very liable to be deceived. Hardenbergh was the only man 
whose name appeared as a petitioner. But there were persons 
of more weight behind the Curtain who were to be benefited 
by the Grant. When the Warrant had issued Mr. [May] 
Bickley the Attorney General appeared as a patentee, and 
Mr. [Thomas] Wenham was more occultly personated by Mr. 
Robert Lurting who tho inserted as a patentee lent his name 
to Mr. Wenham, for it appears from the Records of the Secre 
tary s Office that the deed was executed by him to Mr. Wenham 
for 1 /7 th of the Tract, it bears the date 12 th January 1708, is for 
Can for the Record a trifling Consideration and shews that the 
Grant was a Trust for Mr. Wenham. Nor is it 



it is for the Benefit I humbly conceive my Lord unworthy of Re 
mark that Mr. Wenham was so attentive to 
his Object that he was not absent one Council day in which this 
important Business came on the Tapis, and that particularly on 
the day in which the Warr*. was signed in Council he was one of 
four of the Council present As therefore my Lord this Honorable 
Board when employed on the Subject of granting away the 
Crown Lands is always considered as a Court of Requests, 
as Mr. Wenham appears upon our opponents use of the signing 
of the Warrant of Council to have sat as one of the Judges of 
this Court of Requests in his own Cause, which is contrary 
to all Reason & Law & extreamly dangerous to his Majesty s 
Right (for otherwise it cannot be when one of the Guardians 
of his Majesty s Land stock becomes a Suitor before himself 
for a part of that stock) I say my Lord as all those things 
appear I humbly conceive that the Warrant in Question can 
not cure the radical Defects of the patent. And I would further 
beg leave to suggest it as a Subject of Enquiry to your Lord 
& the Honorable Board whether five members besides the Gov r . 
have not always been as they now are necessary to form a 
Quorum for Business, and if so as it appears that as well at 
the Meeting in which the Warrant was ordered for the Lands 
in the County of Ulster only as at that in which the Warrant 
was signed on which our Opponents so much rely one of the 
four Councillors present was a party the whole 
pJSof [shown ^ Basis of the patent does not fail, and if so we 
?7 e os ] d Jan 12> must su bmit it to your Lordship & this Board to 

determine what becomes of the patent itself. 
Having thus shewn my Lord that the patent is void there 
can be no controversy between us but if your Lordship & the 

8 Edward Hyde, Lord Cornbury, Governor of New York 1702-1708. 



112 American Antiquarian Society. 

Honorable Board should be of a different Opinion which we 
flatter ourselves cannot be the Case, yet from the very suspicious 
circumstances which attended the issuing of Hardenbergh s 
patent I conclude that the greatest favor the proprietors of 
that patent can expect in this Controversy is a rigid Construc 
tion of its Bounds I proceeded 

Under this Head to observe that your Lordship and the 
Honorable Board were Trustees of the Crown s Land Stock 
and the revenues either actual or contingent thence to arise 
and that in this View I made not the least doubt that to every 
Grant the Bounds of which come into Question here the Rules 
of Law would be applied as the proper Test; That the Law 
clearly is, that Grants of the Crown obtained on a suggestion 
of the party shall be construed strictly ag*. the Grantee & 
most favorably for the Crown; That in this Case the Rule 
is the Reverse to that which prevails in the Construction of 
Grants between Subject & Subject for in the Latter recitals 
may operate ag*. but never can make for the Grantor because 
they are his own Words, But that in Grants of the Crown 
suggestions of the Grantee tho adopted by the Crown in its 
Grant, can never make ag 1 . the Crown but may & if the Matter 
of them is ag*. the Grantee will operate ag*. him; That when 
ever the Grant of the Crown issues on the suggestion & petition 
of the party, he is held to suggest at his peril because the 
Attention of the Crown being ingaged on the Arduis Regni? the 
Law has not only discharged the Crown from any Guards ag*. 
false suggestions in fact but has made it a Rule that wherever 
a Grant is made on petition & suggestion of the party it shall 
be construed strictly in favor of the Crown; That therefore 
in every such Grant where the Construction is doubtful or in 
other Words where two constructions may be put that which 
is most in favor of the Crown shall be received; that tho 7 it is 
a general Rule that Grants which express themselves as issuing 
of the special Grace certain Knowledge and meer Motion of 
the Crown shall for the King s Honor be construed most liberally 
in favor of the Grantee, yet those words become a dead Letter 
when the Grant is founded on the prayer and suggestion of 
the party and that for this most evident Reason that those 
Words being expressive of the King s spontaneous & selfmoved 
Exuberance of favor are expressly contradicted & their Opera 
tion utterly annihilated by the Express Suit and Suggestion 
of the party as the moving Cause of th$ Grant which Obser 
vations were, it was urged, so clearly & indubitably supported 
by Law, that it would have been an impassable Affront to offer 
to your Lordship & this Hono ble . Board, under whose imme- 



9 Concerns of government 



The Col John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 113 

diate Care & direction the royal Land Stock is placed, a single 
Authority in their Support. 

This patent my Lord usually called by the Name of the 
Great Patent pays but 3 annual Quit rent. Supposing there 
fore that it were not void yet the Attempts of the propr rs . 
to extend it beyond its real Bounds is a most manifest Attack 
upon his Majesty s Revenue For if it should be construed 
rigidly yet by its Terms it is made to contain so much more 
Land than was really intended to be granted them in consequence 
of their 2 d . petition that the Crown has lost an immense part 
of its Revenue, which had not been the Case had those Lands 
been patented at the rate of Quit Rents established a few Years 
after, which might probably have long since been the Case had 
those Lands been vacant. This Loss added to the Loss [to] 
the public arising from the hitherto unpeopled State of [so] 
large a Tract as the whole patent, ought as we humbly Conceive 
to induce the Gov*. to look with a Jealousy [sic] eye on the 
late Attempt to give it an amazing Extent beyond what the 
Words of the patent can properly warrant. 
[Proper Construe- Havin g tn . us m Y Lord cleared the way for a proper 
tion of the Har- Construction of the Bounds of the patent we pro- 
mt 1 ceeded to shew how many Constructions this 
Grant was capable of from its own Words independent of any Evi 
dence from without. We shewed that it was capable of four 
different Constructions, ground[ed] on these words of the Bound- 
Here lay open the aries to wit " So running along that Line that is 
Maps. NO. i B. the Line of witness s patent Northwestly as the 
said Line Runs to the Fish Kill or River and so to the head 
thereof including the same, thence on a direct Line to the 
Head of a small River commonly known by the name of Cart- 
wright s Kill" That upon these Words it appears that the 
Fish Kill or River is the Stream the head of which is the 
Boundary according to the Words of the patent. The 
Question is 

(1.) Shall that be Esteemed the Head of the Fish Kill or 
River where the Stream loses that Name, that is at the point 
of Conflux of the East or Popaghtonk Branch & West or Cook 
house or Mohawk Branch which Construction would be most 
in favor of the Crown or 

(2.) As the Popaghtonk or East Branch divides itself into 
two Branches shall the Head of the Southermost of those two 
Branches which would furnish the next best Construction in 
favor of the Crown be the Boundary or 

(3.) Shall the Head of the Northermost of those two 
Branches which would be more ag*. the Crown be the Boundary, 

Either of which three constructions will Leave the Lands 
in controversy vacant or 



114 American Antiquarian Society. 

(4.) Shall the Head of the Mohawk or Cook-house Branch, 
which will furnish the Construction the most ag*. the Crown 
of any that can possibly be & include the Lands in Controversy 
be the Boundary? 

I insisted my Lord that as this Grant is to be construed most 
strictly ag*. the grantees & most in favor of the Crown, the first 
of the above four Constructions ought to take place because 
it would take least from the Crown. To shew that this Con 
struction was not only possible but natural I observed that 
in the Grant the Fish Kill which is the Stream Below the forks 
of Shewakin or the place of Union of the Mohawk & Popaghtonk 
Branches, is the River the head of which is in the Grant declared 
to be the Boundary by the Words "and so to the head thereof." 
That therefore the Question arises to wit which is the Head of 
the Fish Kill or River, the answer to which I conceived was 
that the forks of Shewakin or the place of Union of the Mohawk 
& Popaghtonk was the head of the Fish Kill or River. My 
Reasons my Lord were these 

(1.) That there the Fish Kill or river Ends because it there 
loses its Name. 

(2.) That if the Sources of Branches or smaller streams 
may be called Heads of the River because they empty them 
selves into it, the Fish Kill has a variety of other Heads as 
the Source of the Lochawapin & many others on the West Side, 
& those of the Massacomeck [?] & many others on the East 
Side; That both the East & West Branches have their respec 
tive peculiar & appropriate names and that in Geographical 
Descriptions a River is never made to extend farther than it 
carries its name; That there is as manifest a Distinction 
between a River and its Branches as there is between a Tree 
& its Branches, and that as the head of the Tree is properly 
the head of the Trunk or place where the Branches insert 
themselves so is the Head of the River the place where the 
Branches insert themselves and that the Mohawk & Popagh 
tonk are confessedly and evidently Branches only and the 
Fish Kill or River with respect to them is the main Body or 
Trunk. 

(3.) That this Construction will not only give least Land 
to the Grantees but will also be attended with less doubt; for 
that if by the words Head of the River should be understood 
its source or that fountain by which its Stream is fed through 
a Branch flowing into it there are a variety of such heads. 
In this sense the source, spring or fountain of all the smaller 
streams having their proper Names & feeding the main Stream 
are equally heads of Fish Kill or River; That more especially 
as the Fish Kill or River divides itself into two Branches at 
the forks of Shewakin to wit the Mohawk or Cook-house & the 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 115 

Popaghtonk, the Sources of the two Streams are equally the 
Heads of the River; that the Popaghtonk is known to Divide 
itself into three Branches two main Streams & a smaller one 
[and] therefore in the Sense of our Opponents has three heads 
which according to their Reasoning are all heads of the Fish 
Kill or River; that the Cookhouse or Mohawk Branch may 
have as many or more the Country having not been sufficiently 
explored to determine that fact; That should the Case be 
otherwise our Opponents have furnished us with at least three 
heads of the River, which makes it necessary to confine the 
Boundary to the Forks of Shewakin to remove Doubts & pre 
vent the Grant from being void. For as on the one hand if 
the doubt can be removed it must be construed as I have 
shewn most in favor of the Crown, so on the other if the doubt 
remains unsoluble the Grant must be null & void. 

But if the Construction which would confine them to the 
forks at Shewakin be rejected I insisted that nothing could 
justify their extending up to the Head of the Mohawk Branch 
It is more than probable that in that early day when the patent 
was granted it was uncertain where the Head of the Fish Kill 
was in their Sense of the Word. The Grant therefore must 
have intended according to their Construction to give the 
Head of the Fish Kill wherever it might be as the Boundary. 
But in their sense of the Word the Fish Kill has several Heads 
and which to Chuse is the difficulty. That which gives most 
land I have clearly shown ought not to be adopted because 
it would be contrary to the clearest & most uncontrovertible 
Rules of Law, but on the contrary that and only that which 
gives Least to the Grantees must be received or all the Laws 
relating to Crown Grants must be rejected, and therefore if 
they should be permitted to extend Beyond the forks of Shew 
akin they must still be confined to that head of the Fish Kill 
which will give them the least Land, which as I observed before 
must be the Head of the South Branch of the Popaghtonk. 
But my Lord if the Several Branches had then been explored 
to their respective Sources the Question still remains, which 
was the Head in the Sense of the Crown. The Answer I humbly 
conceive is, that head which will injure the Crown least and 
this too seems to be the most natural Construction from a 
View of the Maps because that head is the nearest to the Head 
of Cartwrights Kill & is so situated that a line extending from 
the one to the other nearly coincides with the Main Course of 
the Popaghtonk. 

But I further observed that should your Lordship and 
the Honorable Board be inclined to relax the Rules of 
Law in meer indulgence to our Opponents it would not rid 
them of their difficulties. That this indulgence could not be 



116 American Antiquarian Society. 

extended so far as to assign to them the Head of the Mohawk 
Branch as their Boundary, meerly because that will give them 
more Lands; That such an Indulgence could not with any 
Colour of Reason be expected from the Guardians of the Rights 
of the Crown; That the East Branch followed to its Source 
formed the Head of the River as much as the West Branch; 
That it would be absurd to distinguish that which was the 
most remote as the Head of the Fish Kill because that in their 
own Sense of the Word every Source of a river is its head be 
it more or less remote; That the words of the Grant are not 
to the most remote head but to the Head thereof, & That the 
East Branch if it be measured in its meanders is at least as 
long as the West Branch, And finally that should the River 
be deemed to head either at the forks at Shehawkin [sic] or 
at the Head of the South Branch of Popaghtonk, or even at 
the Head of its North Branch the Lands in Controversy will 
still remain vacant. 

I would beg Leave my Lord to add one thought more that 
has lately occurred to me. Where a Tract of Land is described 
as adjoining to a River as the Hardenbergh Tract evidently 
is, I believe even in a Grant from subject to subject it would 
be thought a very strange & unnatural Construction to extend 
it across one of its main Branches & yet such is the Construction 
[Grant to William set up against us in the present Case. Should 
Penn cited.] Wm. Penn or any of his descendants have put 
such a Construction on his Grant as to have extended it across 
the Mohawk & up to the Popaghtonk Branch, it would be 
thought by all the World to be an absurd Extension, and yet 
that Grant ought to be construed with the utmost Liberty 
as it issued not only as it is expressed of the Crowns special 
Grace, certain Knowledge & meer motion but expressly out 
of Regard to Memory & Merits of his late Father in divers 
Services & more particularly in Consideration of his Courage, 
Conduct & discretion under the Duke of York in that signal 
Battle & Victory fought & obtained ag*. the Dutch fleet com 
manded by the Heer Van Opdam in the Year 1665 10 . 

In short my Lord if We consider the Words of the Grant 
[interests of Crown without any Aid from without, which I humbly 
to be guarded.] contend must ever be the rule when they are 
capable of their own Exposition as the Words of the Grant in 
Question undoubtedly are; if we Consider what Construction 
of them Reason would naturally dictate & if finally we apply 
the Rules of Law to them which demand such a Construction 
as is most for the Interest of the Crown, and cannot as I humbly 
conceive be dispensed with, all these conspire to prevent the 
Hardenbergh Tract from including the Lands between the 

10 Battle of Lowestoft June 3, 1665. 



The Col John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 117 

Popaghtonk & Mohawk branches & consequently leave Room 
for extending the Bounty of the Crown to Col. Bradstreet. 

We might-indeed my Lord have relied on the Objections aris 
ing from the Manner in which the Grant in Question was obtained 
& upon the Words of the Grant itself construed in a rational 
Sense & in Conformity to the known Rules of Law as amply 
sufficient to insure us a Victory. But in a Case of so much 
moment it [we?] thought it prudent to supererogate by adding 
some Collateral proof to fortify our Reasoning on the Subject. 

The Gentlemen in Support of The Patent observed that there 
were no recitals in it but of the petition on which it was grounded 
That an Indian purchase is not necessary to make a Title 
at Law & that it is in no Case admissible as Evidence but to 
clear up doubts about Boundaries I agree with the Gentle 
men that by the Laws of England the Crown is the fountain 
of all Titles as well to Estates as to Honors & Offices; but I 
believe no Man of understanding ever meant to assert that 
this prerogative of the Crown was ever carried in the Ideas 
of Government to such a Length as to divest the aborigines 
of their natural Rights. The Government cannot be ignorant 
[Indian rights in that King Charles the Second issued his royal 
the premises.] proclamation whereby he asserted those Rights 
and forbade the Grant or Occupation of any Lands without 
an Indian purchase. Nay the very Idea aimed to be established 
by the Gent n . who oppose us is that the Six Nations & the 
Mohicanders or River Indians have rendered themselves 
subjects to the Crown of Great Britain, which implies their 
protection in their person & Estate. And upon a principle 
of protection has the Gov*. always acted towards them by 
making an Indian purchase necessary previous to the Grant 
of a patent. However true therefore it is that in a Court of 
Law an Indian purchase is not a necessary Link of Title it is 
as true that before this Honorable Board it ought to be con 
sidered as the first Link and if the Bounds of a patent come 
into Question here, as our Opponents admit that in a Court 
of Law an Indian deed will serve to Explain Boundaries surely 
this Honorable Board will conceive that the apparent disparity 
between the Bounds of the Indian purchase made by License 
of Gov*. & the patent grounded on it furnishes the strongest 
Reason for construing the patent rigidly. 

But my Lord it is not only clear that the Indian purchase 
on which the proprietors of Hardenberghs patent founded their 
patent does not include any Lands in the County of Albany 
nor across the East Branch of the Fish Kill, [but] We shewed 
from the most irrefragable Testimony that the proprietors of 
that patent never till of late Years conceived that it included 
any Lands between the East & West Branches. 



118 American Antiquarian Society. 

For this purpose we produced sundry pieces of Evidence. 11 
The first was a Treaty held with the Esopus Indians in whom 
the property of the Lands now in Controversy are pretended 
to have been vested. The preliminary measure to this Treaty 
was as we shewed an Order of certain Justices at Kingston 
suggesting that Major Hardenbergh had complained that the 
Indians hindered the Running of the Outlines of the patent 
& appointing a day for the Treaty. At which day which was 
the 27 th . Aug*. 1743 the Treaty was accordingly held & among 
other Indians Sander their Chief Sachem & Hendrick Hegan 
were present. This Hendrick several of our Opponents say 
lived on the West side of the Popaghtonk Branch where he 
had an orchard. The very Cause of the Treaty appears to 
have been Hardenberghs Intention to run the out Lines of 
his patent; The Business was so opened to the Indians by 
Hardenbergh himself. He shews his Intention to have been 
to make a Survey of more Lands than he had ever purchased 
of the Indians, for he expressly informed them that he desired 
to run the out Lines of his patent to find out the true Owners 
of the Land and that after it was measured he would not take 
any Land without first agreeing with & paying the particular 
owner of each Tract. 

Is it possible My Lord for a Man to have been more explicit 
than Hardenbergh was, or can any Thing be clearer than his 
design to run out the Boundaries of his patent in the full Extent 
of his Claim? And what such extent was is as evident from 
the answer given to him by the Indians. It was that he should 
have Liberty to Survey round the patent and up the River 
Papakonk [Popaghtonk?] and also to divide the Land, but 
not to Claim any Right to the Soil before a purchase of them; 
Had he then Intended to make the west Branch his Boundary 
he would have desired Leave to run up that Branch, he would 
have so expressed himself, And to this there could have been 
no Objection but the true one, a Want of property in the 
Esopus Indians, because he expressly disavowed a Claim of 
property to any of the Lands before a purchase & the Indians 
as expressly stipulated ag*. such Claim until a purchase 
Thus then my Lord it appears that Hardenbergh in a solemn 
Transaction extant of Record asserted the Popaghtonk or 
East Branch as his Boundary. 

[Survey of Henry This Treaty 12 was in Consequence of a Survey 
W 



orster 1743.] h a h a( j b een attempted by Henry Worster 
a few days before [the treaty of Aug. 27, 1743] who from the 



11 Fifteen lines of the original text have been erased at this point. The same 
argument being developed in the following lines the erasures are omitted. 

12 Four lines of original text erased have been omitted at this point the argument 
being developed in the following lines. 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 119 

Testimony of Peter P. Low was the person employed for the 
purpose, and in this Attempt the Indians took away his Chain 
when he had got up the River as far as within ab 1 . 5 Miles of 
Papakonk [Popaghtonk] Village. Which chain the Witness 
declared he purchased from the Indians by Worsteds directions. 
From the Testimony of this Witness therefore it appears clearly 
that in the first Attempt to make a Survey of the patent 
Worster ran up the East or Popaghtonk Branch. In Conse 
quence of the 111 success of this Attempt the treaty was held 
at Kingston expressly grounded on a Complaint of Hardenbergh 
that the Indians had hindered the Surveyor appointed by the 
Prop rs . of the patent from running the Outlines of the Tract. 
Thence it is evident that Hardenbergh esteemed the East Branch 
to be the outline of the patent, & in effect so asserted in his 
Complaint on which the Treaty was grounded, and it was 
accordingly expressly stipulated by that Treaty that the out 
lines should be run & that the Indians should permit him to 
run up the Popaghtonk or East Branch. The work was 
accordingly performed a few days after by Worster; for [as] 
the same Witness Peter P. Low deposed Worster informed 
him that the Indians had been invited to the Treaty at Esopus, 
That in a few days after Worster returned from Esopus & 
informed him that they had agreed with the Indians & that 
there would be no Danger in proceeding with the Survey, 
hired the Deponent as an Interpreter at 6 / per day & proceeded 
with him to the Papaconk [Popaghtonk] Village, That Worster 
left him there & went down the River ab* 5 Miles to the place 
where the Indians had stopped him & surveyed the out Line 
to Papaconck from thence to papataghan [Pakatakan?] & from 
thence to the head of the River & having there marked 2 or 
3 Trees they crossed over to the Head of Catrix Kill where 
Major Hardenbergh was waiting for them. What clearer proof 
there can be that the East Branch was then agreed to be the 
out Line of the patent is difficult my Lord to conceive. 
[Other surveys in It appears from the Evidence that in the 
1745 - ] Year 1745 another Survey was made by Ebenezer 

Worster at which Time they stole the Opportunity of running 
across from the East to the West Branch but conscious 
that it was inconsistent with the Right of the patentees 
& the Sense of all the parties to the Indian Treaty they never 
attempted to survey down the West Branch & accordingly 
have not laid down that Branch in the Map which they gave 
in Evidence. After this Survey in which the Course of the 
Popaghtonk was run as the out Line of the patent, another 
Survey was made in 1745 by Order of the prop rs . at which 
Tho s . Nottingham was present. In this Survey which was 
performed by Ebenezer Worster they exactly followed the 



120 American Antiquarian Society. 

Line of the first Survey along the Popaghtonk Branch and up 
to its Northermost head passing by the River called the Tweed 
which ought to have been their True Bounds agreable to the 
Words of the Indian Treaty, that being naturally the Stream 
intended, not only on account of its Course directly towards 
but also its Approximation to the Head of Catrix Kill. On 
this Survey as Thomas Nottingham deposed they found several 
Monuments of Stones & marked Trees that had been before 
made by Henry Worster at the Time of his Survey in 1743 
and particularly at the Head of the North Branch of Popaghtonk 
and that Ebenezer Worster on this Survey did something 
towards a division of the patent into Lots & for that purpose 
made stone monuments & marked Trees as he went along. 
That during this Survey they never attempted to cross the 
East Branch but at such places where its East Bank was so 
mountainous & steep as to be impassable & whenever this was 
not the Case they always kept their Survey on the East Side 
of the Branch. This scrupulous punctuality was indeed 
attempted to be accounted for by their fear of the Indians 
& not as proceeding from a Consciousness that their patent 
did not extend to the West Branch. But how far this pretence 
is well founded will appear from the above noticed Complaint 
of Hardenbergh & the Indian Treaty in Consequence of it on 
both which occasions he so effectually declared the Popaghtonk 
to be the out line of his patent. It is indeed rendered still 
more groundless by the Boundaries of their Indian deed dated 
the 6th June 1746 near 3 Years after that Treaty. The Words 
of those Boundaries are as follows: Beginning at Papaconk 
at the River & running down the said River as far as to the 
Bounds of the 13 Cashiktonk [Cashietonk?] Indians including 
half the River & half the Islands as far as aforesaid, then along 
the Bounds of the Lands of Cashiktonk Indians to the Bounds 
of Rochester patent, then beginning again at Papakonk af d . 
& running up said River including half the River & half the 
Islands as af d . to Pakatakan & so up to the head thereof, from 
thence with a streight Line to the Head of Catrix Kill &ca the 
Mohawks Claim excepted. This deed evidently pursues the 
Words of the Indian Treaty with the utmost precision . and 
was doubtless procured in Consequence of the Stipulation 
contained in that Treaty that notwithstanding the permission 
thereby given to Hardenbergh & his fellow proprietors 
to survey up the Popaghtonk Branch as the Outline of 
their patent they should not presume to claim any Lands 
comprehended within it which they had not bought of the 
Indians. 

13 This Indian name occurs in various spellings the one within the brackets being 
perhaps the most approved. See: post p. 123. 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 121 

It is further observable my Lord that in this Deed the Mo 
hawks Claim is excepted. What this Claim could possibly be 
but the Right of the Mohawks extending to the East Bank of 
the East Branch we cannot conceive because it was never 
pretended that a Line from the Head of that Branch to the 
Head of Catrix Kill would include any Land belonging to the 
Mohawks on any other Supposition, unless it be that which 
we urged in the Opening Argument that all the Lands possessed 
by the River Indians belonged to the Mohawks by right of 
Conquest. 

But it is further Remarkable that this East Branch is declared 
in the Indian deed to be the River contrary to the present 
attempt of our Opponents to make the West Branch pass for 
the River, and this remark is strengthened by another Indian 
deed procured by the patentees only two Months after the 
one just noticed. It is dated the 2d August 1746, is for a 
tract lower Down the River or to the Southward of the other 
Tract. It was obtained of the Kashightonk [Cashietonk?] 
& Minisink Indians, begins at the Great Yagh House and with 
a Course W. & by North strikes the Fish Kill or Main Branch 
of Delaware River & after crossing it four Miles runs parallel 
with it as far as the Cashightonk or Minisink Indians Right 
or Claim extended & then runs easterly to the late purchase 
of the Esopus Indians bearing Date the 6th June 1746 on the 
said River. But that purchase is evidently bounded on 
Popaghtonk. Therefore those two Deeds compared together 
demonstrate that the Popaghtonk was in the Estimation of 
Major Hardenbergh who was one of the patentees & M r Living 
ston who was a purchaser under a patentee and 57 Minisink 
Cashightonk & Esopus Indians the Fish Kill or main Branch 
of Delaware River and consequently serve in conjunction with 
Hardenbergh s Complaint, and the Indian Treaty entered into 
with Hardenbergh in consequence of that Complaint, to dem 
onstrate that the Intention of the Crown & the patentees in 
the Words by which the Tract is described to run up the Fish 
Kill or River to the Head thereof was that the Tract was to 
run to the Head of the Popaghtonk Branch. 

Indeed so clear & conclusive is this Evidence arising from 
the Complaint of Hardenbergh, the Treaty to which that 
Complaint gave Birth & the two Indian deeds all clearly expres 
sive that the Popaghtonk was the out Line of the patent that 
no doubt can possibly remain on the Subject. 

We shall therefore my Lord for Brevity Sake waive observing 
either on the other Evidence offered by us to prove that the 
Lands between the two Branches belonged to the Mohawks 
or on the two Certificates of Doctor Shucksburgh [Richard 
Shuckburgh] relative to Gov r . [William] Cosby s Mine to prove 



122 American Antiquarian Society. 

the Lands between the two Branches were vacant, or on the 
several patents which have been granted, by the Crown all 
which are incompatible with the Supposition that the West 
Branch is the Boundary of the patent now under Consideration 
& proceed to a short Survey of what has been offered by our 
Opponents in proof of that point. 
The first fact they Relied on was that one [Jacob] Rutsen 

on the 31 st July 1706 made a purchase of the 
b C y ai S>p?nJn a t n s Ced Indians of sundry small pieces of Land between 
S u i706 ] purchase the East & West Branches & besides those of 

a particular Spot on the West Side of the West 
Branch called Akanunkapunk. Great pains were taken 
to ascertain the Location of this same Akanunkapunk by 
the Testimony of Mr. [William] Cockburn & others. But 
my Lord it was obvious at the Time that Evidence and 
the Affidavit of Rutsen s Son [John?] to support it were 
produced that this purchase was made without a License 
for the purpose, & tho from the Sons Affidavit it appears the 
father had declared that he was to have been a patentee & 
was unjustly deprived of his Right, yet certain it is that nothing 
can be concluded from any Evidence that has been offered 
that this purchase was made with an Intent to ground the 
patent on it. Those who know the Disposition of Indians 
know also that they may for the most trifling Recompense 
be prevailed on to sell Lands that do not belong to them, 
tho they are extreamly apt to hold their indubitable property 
at a high price. The Supposition is further exploded by every 
Step taken towards obtaining the patent in all which this 
unlicensed purchase is utterly disregarded. And as a proof 
how much our Opponents are put to their Shifts I shall only 
remark that Col. Hardenbergh the Gent n . who produces this 
Evidence has thought it necessary to prove that his father 
one of the patentees & thereby Agent in procuring the patent 
that was known to the Gov*. was accessory to a manifest 
Wrong done to Rutsen. 

[Indian Deed Another Indian deed dated the 3 June 1751 was 
1751 -1 produced ag*. us; but for what valuable purpose 

I cannot conceive. It was however evidently obtained to 
facilitate their present Claim & to Extend their Tract to the 
West Branch & is in Substance a Grant of the Lands between 
the two Branches. It would appear very extraordinary my 
Lord if this deed should have any weight in the Controversy, 
obtained as it was near half a Century after the patent issued 
and evidently after the proprietors had formed the Scheme 
of extending their patent beyond its original Bounds contrary 
to the most solemn, express & repeated Acts to which they 
were parties. To what an enormous Extent patents will 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 123 

grow if the proprs. are permitted to explain their Bounds by 
Indian deeds taken near fifty years after their dates, Your 
Lordship & this Honorable Board will readily conceive. In 
proportion as Lands rise in Value such Deeds which can always 
be procured at the Expense of a few Gallons of Spirits will 
multiply & descendants from the first patentees will by such 
means be able to reap at the Expense & to the prejudice of 
the Crown what their forefathers never sowed. 

But there is indeed a most cogent Reason why if that Indian 
deed is to receive any Notice it ought to operate so strongly agt. 
our Opponents as to give us the full enjoyment of all We expect. 
Your Lordship & every Member of this Honorable Board 
must perfectly remember that the Instrument ushered in as 
the Indian Deed contained Many sheets of paper, that I request 
ed the Whole should be read, that my request was answered 
by a Declaration from the Mouth of one of the Counsel for our 
Opponents that I should have the Sight of the Instrument & 
make what Use of it I thought proper. I accordingly applied 
for it, my Application was indeed backed with the respectable 
Weight of Government, But what did all this avail? Neither 
the Justice of the Request nor the possitive promise of our 
Opponents nor even the Authority of Gov*. has been sufficient 
to command its production. On the contrary a single sheet 
of paper has been lodged in the Hands of Mr. Deputy Secretary 
instead of that voluminous Instrum 1 . & of which I have not 
asked a Sight, because it was not the paper given in Evidence. 
But why permit me to ask it my Lord, why this strange & 
unprecedented Concealmt? Is it not a maxim that the whole 
Contents of every written Evidence shall be read if required? 
Why do our Courts of Justice daily determine that where a 
Deed is proved by a party to be in the Hands of his Opponent 
the strongest Argument is furnished ag*. him by its non pro 
duction? Is not the Reason evidently this my Lord that he 
would produce it did not the whole Instrumt. taken together 
strongly operate agt. him. Concealed Weapons not only beget 
Jealousy but are productive of Danger, and he who wears them 
is strongly to be suspected of a Design to make a most improper 
use of them. I flatter myself therefore as I appeal to the 
Honor & Dignity of Govt. that this concealed Instrument will 
not only be taken from our Opponents; I trust that its point 
will by the Hand of the Govt. be turned agt. them and that 
were there no other Reason for it, your Lordship & this Honble 
Board to do us full Justice & discountenance so dangerous 
a proceeding will favor us with a Grant of the prayer of our 
petition, which I would only hint my Lord may be done con 
sistent with the strictest Justice as a Grant to Us cannot divest 
our Opponents of a single Iota of their Right. 



124 American Antiquarian Society. 

But to pass my Lord from a piece of Evidence so disagreably 
circumstanced with one single reflexion more I would beg Leave 
to observe that this piece of Evidence obtained without a License 
to purchase & to give Colour to the Enlargment of the Bounds of 
their patent is it seems Urged as an Argument of preference 
in their favor to our Indian Deed obtained at the Treaty with 
the Six Nations at which Sir Henry Moore, Sir Wm. Johnson 
& several other Gentn. of the first Rank were present & obtained 
too by the immediate Agency of Sir Henry Moore with the 
Knowledge of Sir Wm. & in exact conformity with the royal 
proclamation. But how unequal the Competition between 
this Deed thus regularly obtained & the other procured from 
vagrant Indians to serve the purposes of Countenancing an 
undue extension of the bounds of a patent issued near 50 years 
before, I need not mention. 

The next piece of Evidence offered by our Opponents will 
not I flatter myself weigh a single Grain in the Scale of Evidence. 
It is composed of Sir Henry Moore s appointmt. of Mr. [Simeon?] 
[Line of Indian Metcalf to run the Line of Cession agreed to by the 
Cession as run by Six Nations at the above mentioned Treaty and 
his Oath that he ran the Line agreable to that 
appointment. And the only fact colligible from this Evidence 
is that Sir Henry Moore in the Construction of that Cession 
considered the West Branch as Delaware River Agreed my 
Lord. 

But it is obvious that the late Govr. who besides his good 
Sense had a just Knowledge of the Geography of the province 
knew that the Fish Kill or Main Branch of Delaware divides 
itself into two principal Branches the Popaghtonk & the 
Mohawk Branch. That this River being by the Indian Cession 
made part of the Boundary of the Lands ceded to the Crown 
it was fit & right for him to direct that Branch which would 
give the Cession the most Beneficial Operation for the Crown 
to be observed as the Boundary and accordingly he directed 
the Surveyor (without any distinction between the Delaware 
& its Branches) to begin his Survey where a due East Line 
from Owego strikes Delaware & to extend it up the River till 
opposite to where Tienonderah falls into the Susquehannah 
thereby fixing the West branch for the purpose of that Survey 
to be Delaware river as intended by the Cession. But surely 
my Lord When Delaware River & its branches are thus com 
plexly considered, from the preference given by Sir Henry 
Moore to the West Branch it can never be esteemed that the 
Govt. near sixty years before & upon another subject, & agt. 
the most solemn Acts & express Declarations of Our Opponents 
intended to fix the West Branch as the Bounds of their patent. 
When a Tree and its Branches are complexly mentioned every 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 125 

Branch is the Tree but when a Distinction between the Tree 
& its Branches is taken up the Construction is vastly different. 
In our Case the Fish Kill was evidently considered as the 
Main Branch of Delaware River & the Popaghtonk Branch 
was as evidently a Continuation of that Main Branch in the 
Sense of our Opponents 

If my Lord we weigh the Testimony of Jacobus Bruyn in the 
Scale of Evidence it will like Beltshasar tried in a more awful 
Balance be found wanting. In short it is much of the kind 
with that administered by Sir Henry Moore s Commission to 
Mr. Metcalf for it proves no more for our Opponents than 
that Mr. Bruyn was surveying Lands many years ago, on the 
West Side of the West Branch & that in pursuing his Survey 
Downward he struck upon a Branch (doubtless the West 
Branch) which he concluded to be Delaware River because 
(& for a very good Reason too) the Fish of passage came a 
great Way up that stream. But this certainly proves no more 
than that the West Branch was one of the Waters of Delaware 
as it unquestionably is, and so as undoubtedly is the East 
Branch and therefore from this Reason only without mention 
ing more, may as properly as the other be called the Delaware 
River. When such a monstrous Fabric is built upon so slender 
a Basis it may well be said Debile fundamentum fallit opus. 

But my Lord we have other Evidence administered by our 
Opponents still more curious than this Nothing 
tSn e fmon f g cia[m- less in Truth than their own deeds of partition 
denied? patStj ky which it appears that they had divided the 
Lands between the Two Branches among them I 
have often heard that a Mans own Words and Actions were the 
highest possible evidence agt. him; but it is to me a doctrine 
entirely new & adjusted to the Latitude of this patent only that a 
division of Lands between a Number of persons should be 
evidence of their Right to them, Nay what is more Absurd 
that such Division should so operate even agt. their own most 
solemn Acts. I hope this Doctrine will not become fashionable. 
Should it grow into general Taste there would be an End to 
all further Grants of the Crown Lands for what Company of 
Land Jobbers would submit to the Expense of patent fees 
and the never ending Quit Rent of 2 /e Sterling per hundred 
Acres, to procure a Title to the Lands of the Crown adjoining 
to their property when a common Scrivner at the Trifling 
Expense of five pounds could by the Manoeuvres of the pen 
vest them in full propriety with all the neighboring Territory. 
Besides what horrible Confusion of private property would 
ensue upon this principle; partition agt. partition would con 
found all the Bounds of Right and be the Source of endless 
Litigation profitable to be sure to the Men of our profession 



126 American Antiquarian Society. 

but never to be wished for by those of us who are Friends to 
justice, order, decency & regularity in civil Life. I cannot 
therefore my Lord but admire at the Attempt of our Opponents 
to avail themselves of a piece of Evidence so dangerous in 
precedent, in itself as light as Air & relied upon agt. their own 
solemn Acts as a proof of the Extent of their patent to the 
West Branch of the Fish Kill. 

But my Lord my surprise is increased when I find this piece 
of Evidence attended with an Act of their Surveyor & Servant. 
It is his Map of the patent which on its face carries the strongest 
Evidences agt. them. How strangely inconsistent is our 
Conduct when the Love of property is our principle of Action. 
Sanguine in our pursuits, everything carries with it demonstra 
tion in our favor. Utterly blind to the apparent Inconsisten 
cies of Evidence we fancy a beautiful Harmony, a rational 
Consistency & Co-operation reigns through all the parts of 
our proof. Tr^ese unnaturally blended together by the Heat 
of passion form to our View an engaging picture while to others 
less prejudiced the piece appears grotesque indeed and truly 
verifies the observations of the elegant Roman poet Spectatum 
admissi risum teneatis Amid. 

[Map of 1749 ] ^his ^ a P exn ibits to your Lordship the following 
Matters of fact. On the face of it we see no 
delineation of the West Branch of the Fish Kill & the Lines 
of division of the Lands lying to the Eastward of the East 
Branch tho continued across it towards the West Branch 
remain unfinished and are not butted by any Object. This 
res infecta which however proves no more than a design of the 
parties to appropriate to themselves were it possible the Lands 
between the two Branches appears to be a compleat Actual 
Survey & Allotment of the Lands on the East Side of the East 
Branch. This Map is dated Nov r . 8 th . 1749 41 Years after 
the date of the patent & before the Settlemt. & improvemt. 
of any part of it. It speaks of itself as made at the Request 
of Mr. Robert Livingston & Gulian Verplan [c] k & Company 
and as being a survey and division of the Tract of Land 
called Hardenbergh s or the Great patent. It imports that 
the actual Survey was began on the 7th April 1749 & finished 
the 8th of Nov r . following which is the day of its date. The 
Surveyor annexed to it a field Book containing a description 
of the Lands & form of the Mountains & of the Monuments 
& remarkable places near which they are placed but all this 
appears to relate only to the Lands on the East Side of the 
East Branch. What evidence then can this Map furnish for 
our Opponents but that it is an actual survey of those Lands 
& [an] unfinished attempt to appropriate by a random allot 
ment the Lands between the two branches, Nay there is not 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 127 

the least syllable inscribed on it to shew that it was intended 
as an actual Allotment of the Lands between the two Branches. 
On the contrary the whole description in the field Book relates 
entirely to the Lands on the East Side of the East Branch, 
For when the Surveyor after having described his several 
Courses & Monuments from the Bounds of Minisink patent on 
the Fish Kill or Main branch of Delaware River many miles 
below the forks of 14 Shehawkin proceeds to ascertain the 4th 
Monument he describes it thus "At the End of those Courses 
we placed the 4th Monument on a piece of low land full of 
Timber, a heap of Stones with a flat Stone standing on the 
Top marked No. 4 by a Butternut Tree marked with a Cross 
& No. 4 & four Notches." This Monument stands abt. 2 
Chains from the River & 18 Chains to the Southward of the 
[Popaghtonk] or Branch or Crook of the River. Here it seems 
the Surveyor did not even dream of the West Branch as having 
any relation to his Survey but calls the Popaghtonk or East 
Branch simply the Branch or Crook of the River. He then 
proceeds and describes the 5th Monument to be at little dis 
tance up the papghtakan [sic] Branch, the sixth further up 
the said Branch the seventh at Popatonck Indian Village on 
the East Side which together with their Indian Treaty in 1743 
& their two Indian Deeds in 1746 shews that Popakonk was 
not on the West Side of the Popaghtonk Branch as they have 
attempted to make appear in Evidence. The surveyor then 
proceeds to describe his Courses and Monuments up to the 
Head of the North Branch of the Popaghkonk & when he 
comes to the 12th Monument at Paghatakan Village he takes 
Notice of a large River coming from the East which is the River 
Tweed the Head of which is doubtless the true Boundary 
intended by the patent should it be tho t proper to admit of an 
Extension beyond the forks at Shehawkin. 

The 17th & last Monument on the East Side of the Popagh 
tonk he described thus "At the End of all those Courses We 
came to the head of Paghatakan Branch where we made the 
17th Monument At the old Corner bounds made by Henry 
Worster." Which old Corner Bounds Ebenezer Worster says 
is a Spruce-pine Tree that had been made by Henry Worster 
marked with No. 3 & a cross & several other Spruce Trees 
marked standing by, Where says Ebenezer Worster We made 
a large Monument of Stone & marked a Flat one on the Top 
with No. 17 and a cross & 17 Notches. This Monument stands 
by a Swampside towards the upper End of the Swamp. The 
Swamp is about 4 Chains wide & near two miles long & is 
between two high mountains. Against the upper end of the 
mountains the monumt. stands. Thus it appears that Ebenezer 

14 Earlier in the Manuscript this river is called the Shewakin. Ante p. 116. 



128 American Antiquarian Society. 

Worster the very person employed in the final Survey & in the 
Allotment of the Tract in order to a partition well knew and 
performed his Work under a Sense that the Popaghtonk Branch 
was the true Boundary of the patent, for what my Lord could 
he in any other View possibly mean by calling the placing 
where he fixed his 17th Monument the old Corner Bounds of 
Henry Worster, which evidently was the Corner Bounds made 
by him when Peter P. Low in the year 1743 attended him in 
his Survey up to the Popaghtonk to its head where Ebenezer 
Worster s 17th Monument is fixed and from thence across to 
the Head of Cartrix Kill. It is notorious that Henry Worster 
never attempted in his survey to make an Allotment in order 
to a decision of the Tract. He did no more than run two of 
the Outlines of the patent in Exact conformity with the Indian 
Treaty. In doing this he made his old Corner Bounds at the 
North head of the Popaghtonk which was Numbered 3 the 
first probably being at the Bounds of Minisink patent and the 
second at the Forks of Shewakin. And thus does this very 
Map of Ebenezer Worster which was made the foundation for 
a random division of the Lands between the two Branches 
appear clearly to correspond with the most natural Construction 
of the Words of the patent and the Sense of the original paten 
tees discovered in Hardenbergh s Complaint to the Justice 
of Kingston ag*. the Indians for obstructing them in their 
Survey of the outlines of their patent in his Request of a per 
mission from the Indians to run those outlines, their stipulation 
at the Treaty to permit him to run up the Popaghtonk as one 
of those uplines, the running of it by Worster in Consequence 
of that Treaty, & in the two Indian deeds to Hardenbergh & 
Company obtained after that Treaty. In Short my Lord, 
Ebenezer Worsteds Map mentions not a syllable either of the 
West Branch or the Lands between the two Branches, & con 
tains no Delineation of those Lands or of the West Branch. It 
appears to be properly & only a Survey of the Lands lying on 
the East side of the Popaghtonk. Of which [survey] the 
present proprietors have availed themselves by an Extension 
of the Lines of Allotment of those Lands so as to make a random 
Division of the Lands between the two Branches, on a supposed 
right which they never avowed but by their deed of partition 
executed between them above 40 years after the date of the 
patent & contrary to the their own prior & solemn declared 
sense in their Complaints, Treaties, Indian deeds & Surveys. 
Had the Evidence been closed here on the former Hearing 
the Ballance would have stood Thus; On our Side the natural 
Construction] of the patent itself, supported by solemn Action 
of the parties, a public Treaty with the Indians in the presence 
of a general meeting of the Magistrates, two Indian purchases 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 129 

clearly explanatory of Our Opponents Sense of the Bounds & 
repeated Surveys, all corresponding with those other pieces 
of Evidence; On their side only one insidious attempt by 
Ebenezer Worster in his last survey to make a survey down the 
West Branch, & a random partition of the Lands between the 
two Branches made without actual Survey & at the distance 
of upwards of 40 years after their patent issued. Which way 
upon this state of Evidence, the Ballance would preponderate 
they clearly saw. To cast therefore a little more Weight on their 
side of the scale they were prepared in the sundry Affidavits 
wearing the most suspicious Marks of Fraud which need not 
now be enumerated as their untoward appearance occasioned 
their total rejection, and this rejection the Opportunity of 
examining Witnesses ore tenus at this day on a single point of 
fact. But my Lord before I proceed to weigh this part of the 
Evidence I beg leave to observe (1) that if the persons 15 whose 
names were subscribed to those Affidavits really did swear 
to them, their Testimony even had it now come up to what 
they before swore would be much lessened in point of Credit 
because a regard to their Reputation would in some Measure 
oblige them to observe a consistency. 

2dly That their Testimony depending on their Memories 
ought not to have equal Credit with the clear written Testimony 
on our part, especially as 

3dly Their Testimony to have full Weight ought to go 
back to the Date of the patent which is upwards of 60 years 
old & this is absolutely impossible & 

4thly because what they swear to can only be Matter of 
Information of a much later date furnished to them by Indians, 
whose Integrity is too weak to resist a Bribe, and we have proof 
that the Proprs. of the patent in Question have had it in Con 
templation for many years past agt. their own most public, 
solemn & repeated [acts], to claim the Lands between the two forks 
which could only be performed by giving the name of the Fish 
Kill or Main Branch of Delaware River to the Mohawk Branch. 

Under the influence of those observations I proceed as sum 
marily as is possible to remark on the oral Testimony of this 
day 16 . 

[Summary of argu- The Sum of this important controversy my 

ment for Coi. Lord we take to be this. On our part we have 

been at the Expense of an Indian purchase 

regularly made of one of the Six Nations, whose property 



15 The names of Peter Kuydendal and Jacob Westfall are given in the margin 
at this point and appear to be the names of the witnesses testifying. 

16 A page of (he manuscript is left vacant at this point to call the attention of 
the attorney to the oral testimony which may be submitted. He then summarizes 
his argument for Bradstreet. 



130 American Antiquarian Society. 

we say the Lands in Controversy originally were. Our 
opponents claim a Right to them solely by patent & Indian 
purchases made near forty years after their patent, While 
it has been the invariable practice of the Govt. to make an 
Indian purchase precede a patent. We found the propriety 
of our Indian purchase upon a clear admission by deed of the 
Indians of whom they purchased, that the lands between the 
two Branches Belonged to the Mohawks, (2) On the known 
History of the Country, & on public Treaties all which shew 
clearly that the victorious Confederate Nations with the Mo 
hawks at their Head have gained all the original property of 
the River Indians by Right of Conquest & that it was customary 
for the Conquerors to permit the Conquered to remain their 
Tenants at will but especially denied them the priviledge of 
Sale. On their part they have only shewn that the Indians or 
some of them of whom they purchased had merely a Residence 
on the Lands in Controversy and this Residence is not only 
consistent with the Supposition of the Right of Property in 
other Conquerors but can furnish no Argument that is not 
utterly annihilated by the express allowance in their deed of 
the Right of the Mohawks notwithstanding their Sale. And 
even were the two Indian Rights doubtful we have the Counte 
nance of Govt. in a purchase regularly made by us at a great 
Expense to entitle to a preference. 

Again tho our Opponents ground their Claim of present 
Title solely on their patent we have shewn that this patent in 
the manner in which it was obtained was so irregular & unau 
thorized if not fraudulent as to be null & void, or at least to be 
justly subject from its Suspicious Circumstances to the most 
rigid Construction. That were it otherwise circumstanced 
our Construction of the Words of the patent would be confirmed 
by the Clearest Rules of Law which manifestly require that 
every patent granted upon the suggestion & petition of the 
party shall be construed most favorably for the Crown, that 
the Fish Kill is the Main Branch of the River below the forks 
of Shewakin, that at this place it divides itself into two Branches 
the West Commonly called the Mohawk or Cookhouse Sepoos, 
and Machach Sepoos, the East the Papataghan or Popaghtonk 
Sepoos. That therefore the Head of the Fishkill is properly 
at the forks of Shewakin which Construction is most favorable 
to the Crown. That should a less favorable Construction be 
adopted, the Fishkill will then appear to have several heads, 
that the East Branch consists of a union of three large Streams 
the North Branch, the River Tweed & the Beaver Kill, that 
tho its most distant Source is not quite so northerly as that 
of the West Branch yet not only from our Testimony but also 
from that of Mr Cockburn whom our Opponents sent up to 



The Col. John Bradstreet Manuscripts. 131 

make the Experiment the East Branch is larger swifter & dis 
charges more water into the Main Body. That the Words of 
the patent "to the Head thereof" does not say which Head 
& it has several, if the forks at Shehawkin is not the proper 
Head. That therefore the most favorable construction for 
the Crown if we are to quit those forks will be furnished by the 
Head of the Tweed, that even should not the Crown be so favored 
yet the most northerly source of the East Branch, which Leaves 
all the Lands in Controversy vacant ought undoubtedly to 
be the Boundary. That this last Construction falls in with 
the clearest Weight of Evidence from without, & besides other 
proof, with their Indian Treaty their two Indian Deeds, their 
repeated Surveys and particularly their Map of the last Survey, 
& with their full & declared Sense & Construction for at least 
forty years after the date of their patent. 

To stem all this Torrent of Evidence they have opposed 
nothing more than one attempt by Ebenezer Worster in his 
last survey to make a stolen survey of the, West Branch contrary 
to the parts of the Treaty entered into with the Indians in 
presence of a large Assembly of Magistrates; their random 
partition after all those Transactions, which in itself is not 
Evidence, & finally the parol, [i. e., verbal] Testimony of some 
Witnesses speaking from their Memory about facts gained 
only on Hearsay & of much later date than the patent and 
probably gained entirely either directly or indirectly from 
Indians whose words are of little Weight & who may have been, 
as they all on any occasion may be, bribed to propagate forged 
names of places to Suit the Designs of a party; and finally as 
this lose [loose] heresay & uncertain Evidence stands opposed 
to the natural face of the Country, the Testimony of other 
Witnesses, the Words of the patent in the legal Construction, 
and a train of solemn public & notorious facts furnished by 
our Opponents & most of them standing on Record as a lasting 
Memorial of their Truth we flatter ourselves that the Ballance 
of evidence is clearly in our favor & if so, as the most liberal 
Construction that can be given to the patent in Question will 
confine our Opponents to the northern most head of the Pop- 
aghtonk Branch in which Case the Lands in Controversy must 
be vacant, We humbly pray that we may be favored with 
his Majesty s Letters patent for them upon the usual Terms 
& Conditions. 



ADDITIONAL MANUSCRIPTS 
OF THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR. 



Additional French War Manuscripts. 135 



ADDITIONAL MANUSCBIPTS 
OF THE FKENCH AND INDIAN WAR 



1754. Shirley, W[illiam]. Boston. Commission to John 
Sept. 10. Burk as Ensign in the Militia Regiment of Col. 
Israel Williams. Countersigned J[oseph] Willard. 
D. S. lp. 

1754. Williams, Israel. [Hatfield?] Letter to [John] 
Sept. 10. Burk. Directions as to guarding Greenfield, 

Colrain and Fall Town; scouts to be maintained 
and information forwarded. A. L. S. lp. 

The name Fall Town or Falltown was changed to Ber- 
nardstown or Bernardston, Mar. 6, 1762. The name Burk 
seems to have been changed to Burke by some members 
of the family after the close of the French war in 1763. 
The signature appears originally as John Burk and is so 
retained in this calendar. 

1755. Shirley, Wplliam]. Council Chamber. [Boston]. 
Feb. 13. Message to the Council and House of Repre 
sentatives of Massachusetts. Considers the 
times favorable for an expedition against Crown 
Point; attention of French divided between 
Nova Scotia and Ohio country; advantage to 
New England and New York of holding Crown 
Point; calls upon the two houses for a generous 
effort; promises his own regiment and all that 
he can do as chief executive of colony; suggests 
a feint attack by the Kennebec or Chaudiere 
river as likely to divide the French yet further. 
Cont. Copy in ms. of and attested by Thomas 
Clarke, Dpty. Secy. 3pp. 

Enclosed: Shirley, William. Instructions to Robert 
Hale, Feb. 22, 1755. Printed under date of Feb. 12 and 



136 American Antiquarian Society. 

with other slight variations: N. H. Prov. Papers, Manchester, 
1872, VI, 358; Penna. Col. Records, Harrisburg, 1851,VI, 314. 

1755. Massachusetts, General Court. [Boston]. Com- 
Feb. 18. mittee report on Messages of Gov. William 
Shirley with action of General Court thereon. 
Approve plan in messages of Feb. 13 and 15 
for erecting fortress near Crown Point; consider 
an army of 5000 necessary for expedition; 
recommend that Governor request aid from 
other colonies in following proportion: New 
Hampshire 400, Connecticut 1000, Rhode Island 
400 and New York 800 men; request employment 
of regiments of Shirley and [Sir William] Pepper- 
rell; provisions for enlistment arid pay for 1200 
men from Massachusetts; application to be 
made to New Jersey for men; Gov. Shirley to 
appoint commander-in-chief and to notify 
British Government. "By Order J[ohn] Os- 
borne." Report approved by House of Rep 
resentatives, "T[homas] Hubbard, Spkr." and 
by Council, "Thomas Clarke Dpty. Secy." Cont. 
Copy in ms. of and attested by Clarke. 3pp. 

Enclosed: Shirley, William. Instructions to Robert 
Hale Feb. 22, 1755. Printed with slight changes N. H. 
Prov. Papers, Manchester 1872, VI, 359. Pa. Col. Records, 
Harrisburg 1851, VI, 316. 

1755. Shirley, W[illiam]. Boston, Mass. To Robert 
Feb. 22. Hale. Commissions Hale in the name of Mass 
achusetts to apply to the Government of New 
Hampshire for aid in promoting the expedition 
[against Crown Point] approved by the Council 
and House of Representatives; will give more 
explicit instructions as to method of procedure. 
"By His Excellency s Command. J[osiah] 
Willard." Seal. D. S. Ip. 

1755. Shirley, W[illiam]. Boston. To Robert Hale. 
Feb. 22. "Instructions for soliciting" the Government of 



Additional French War Manuscripts. 137 

New Hampshire to unite with Massachusetts, 
Rhode Island and Connecticut in an expedition 
against Crown Point: Is to present Shirley s 
message to Mass. Assembly [Feb. 13] and reply 
of that body [Feb. 18] to authorities of New 
Hampshire and urge cooperation; if colony will 
not agree to terms set forth in above documents 
Hale is to ascertain how much it will do and 
reasons for non agreement with plans as made; 
[Feb. 27.] report to be made at Boston. P. S. Encloses 
vote of [Mass.] Assembly of Feb. 27 to be used 
if a larger number of men can be obtained 
thereby. L. S. with autograph postscript. 2pp. 

1755. Shirley, W[illiam]. Boston. Letter to Gov. [Ben- 
Feb. 25. ning Wentworth] of New Hampshire. Attitude 
of the French toward the English colonies in 
America; measures of retaliation authorized by 
the London government; proposed movements 
outlined in writer s message to the Massachu 
setts Assembly and reply received; encloses 
copies of these documents and Robert Hale will 
give further explanations if desired. L. S. 6pp. 

See Message of Shirley of Feb. 13 and action on same 
Feb. 18 ante. p. 135. 

1755. Massachusetts, General Court. [Boston]. Vote 
Feb. 27. regarding Crown Point Expedition. In case 
Governments of New Hampshire, Rhode Island 
and Connecticut consent to proposed expedition 
against Crown Point desire Gov. [William 
Shirley] to issue proclamation for raising 4000 
men as quota of Massachusetts; New York to 
be relied on for 800 men or proportionate share 
of provisions and other war stores in default 
of men; upon issuance of proclamation oath 
of secrecy removed from members of Assembly. 
"T[homas] Hubbard Spkr." "In Council- 
read and concurred Thomas Clarke Dpty. Secy. 



]38 American Antiquarian Society. 

Consented to W[illiam] Shirley." Cont. Copy 
in ms. of and attested by Clarke. Ip. 

Enclosed in Shirley, William to Robert Hale Feb. 22-27, 
1755. 

1755. Wentworth, [Benning]. Portsmouth. Letter to 
Feb. 28. Gov. William Shirley. Acknowledges letters 
received giving plans against the French; agrees 
in the main with Shirley s proposals; asks 
advice as to best method of raising desired 
amount of money. Cont. Copy inclosed in 
Shirley to Robert Hale Mar. 4. 2pp. 

In Sir William Johnson Manuscripts ante p. 9. 

1755. S[hirley], W[illiam]. Boston. Letter to Gov. 
Mar. 4. [Benning Wentworth]. Is gratified at Went 
worth s approval of plans against Crown Point; 
outlines further plans against the French and 
Indians; hopes all the colonies involved may act 
in unison ; united colonial troops to be under Sir 
William Johnson; [Maj.] General [Edward] Brad- 
dock to command British forces. Cont. Copy en 
closed in Shirley to Robert Hale of equal date . 3pp. 
In Sir William Johnson Manuscripts ante p. 10. 

1755. Shirley, Wplliam]. Boston. Letter to Col. 
Mar. 4. [Robert] Hale. Considers it advantageous for 
Hale to have copies of Gov. [Benning] Went- 
worth s letter [of Feb. 28] and his [Shirley s] 
reply [of Mar. 4] so encloses same; has " taken 
care of your friend Capt. [Jonathan] Bagley"; 
Commissioners for Rhode Island, [Thomas] 
Hutchinson, for New York and New Jersey 
[Thomas Pownall] and for Pennsylvania [Josiah 
Quincy] have gone to obtain aid from those 
colonies; thinks Gov. [Benning] Wentworth will 
be ready to see him [Hale] by the time the latter 
reaches Portsmouth and hopes visit will be a 
profitable one. A. L. S. Ip. 



Additional French War Manuscripts. 139 

1755. Welles, Samuel and John Choat. [Hartford, Conn.] 
Mar. 14. Letter to [Josiah] Willard, Secy, of Massachu 
setts. On Mar. 13 presented to Gov. [Thomas 
Fitch] and both branches of Assembly of Con 
necticut the plan proposed by Massachusetts 
for the expedition against Crown Point; having 
received from [Thomas] Hutchinson news of 
the favorable actions of Rhode Island presented 
that among other arguments for action by 
Connecticut but did not show the Rhode Island 
act; expect to obtain full quota and .possibly 
more from the Assembly. Cont. Copy in ms. 
of and attested by Thomas Clarke Dpty. Secy. 
P. S. Auto. Note of Gov. William Shirley, by 
whom this copy is forwarded to Robert Hale, 
stating what portion of letter had been for 
warded to Gov. Wentworth of N. H. 2pp. 

Welles and Choate had been sent to Connecticut by the 
Massachusetts General Court as commissioners to advance 
the cause of the expedition mentioned. For names of 
Commissioners to other colonies see preceding entry. 
The spelling Choat is that of the manuscript and has 
been followed in title. 

1755. [Hale, Robert]. Portsmouth. Letter to [Gov. 
Mar. 14. William Shirley]. Upon receipt of Shirley s 
letter [of Mar. 4] Hale started for Portsmouth 
Mar. 8 and arrived Mar. 9; [Gov. Benning] 
Wentworth unwilling that he see any legislators 
except the Secy. [Theodore Atkinson] until the 
Assembly met [Mar. 12]; reports progress made 
as to raising troops for service; in 1745 New 
Hampshire had but 7000 rateable polls and the 
state considers herself on the same footing as 
Rhode Island; no disposition to make allowance 
for what "we" [Massachusetts] did in 1754; 
thinks New Hampshire will provide 300 troops 
if kept in garrison; pleased that R. I. has come 
up to her quota; difficulties caused by counter 
feit colonial paper; fears that much other aid 



140 American Antiquarian Society. 

is not to be obtained from N. H.; reasons for 
hoping that [John] Titcomb will be given post 
of Lt. Col. A. L. 2pp. Incomplete. 

1755. H[ale], R[obert]. Portsmouth. Letter [to Gov. 
Mar. 15. William Shirley]. Acknowledges letters of 
Shirley dated Mar. 14; laid enclosures before 
Gov. [Benning] Wentworth and his secretary; 
effect of Shirley s message upon the legislature; 
Kale s personal efforts with [Peter] Gilman, 
[Theodore] Atkinson and others; expects a report 
on 17th favoring 600 men with subsistence to 
point of rendezvous; will move for more men 
conditional on New York furnishing subsistence; 
many think New Hampshire should not be 
asked for half so many men as Massachusetts; 
doubts if so many can be secured with popula 
tion but one-sixth as large; all wonder why the 
General Court of Massachusetts considered itself 
warranted in fixing the quota each colony should 
raise. A. L. S. 3pp. 

1755. Shirley, Wplliam]. Boston. Letter to Col. [Robert] 
Mar. 16. Hale. Acknowledges letters of 14th from Hale 
and from Gov. [Benning] Wentworth; encloses 
copy of answer to latter; opinion on proposed 
feint along the Chaudiere; hints regarding 
boundary dispute between Massachusetts and 
New Hampshire; thinks latter colony more 
interested in solution of troubles with French 
than is Rhode Island so her quota for Crown 
Point expedition placed at a larger number; has 
perfect confidence in Hale s judgment; desires 
that copies of letters forwarded him be returned 
as originals have been mislaid. A. L. S. 3pp. 

[1755]. H[ale]. R[obert. Portsmouth]. Letter [to Gov. 

[Mar. 18]. William Shirley.] From conversation with Col. 

[Timothy] Ruggles and Capt. [Jonathan] Bagley 



Additional French War Manuscripts. 1 41 

has concluded that salaries paid colonial army 
officers are much too small; bad results of policy; 
more attention must be paid to forwarding 
ammunition and supplies; hopes Shirley will 
look into matters himself; lack of supplies noted 
by Capt. [John] Osborne; no cannon at Albany 
until Aug. 2; welcomes [Maj. Genl. John] Wins- 
low as commander [of Massachusetts troops]; 
praises appointments of Col. [John] Plaisted and 
Col. [Richard] Gridley; desires no command for 
himself and asks that his nephew R[obert] H. 
Chipman may not be compelled to serve as he 
is in poor health; recommends Capt. John Lee 
jr. of Manchester. Auto. Draft Signed. 3pp. 
Incomplete. 

1755. Shirley, William. Boston. Letter to Col. [Robert] 
Mar. 19. Hale. Regrets difficulty with Col. [Peter] Gil- 
man mentioned in letter of 14th [15th]; knows 
nothing of Lt. [Richard] Emery but thinks he 
"may be an officer of Sir William Pepperrell s 
Regiment"; hopes that obstacles will be removed 
[as regards raising men for campaign] ; will give 
up such men as [Joseph] Malcolm has obtained; 
has directed [Ephraim] Berry to adjourn Inferior 
Court as requested. A. L. S. Ip. 

1755. Hale, Robert. Portsmouth. Letter to [Gov. 
Mar. 21. William Shirley]. Assembly passed report of 
committee on raising men [for campaign against 
Crown Point] but agreed to 400 troops only; 
difficulties as to procuring appropriation for 
expenses of expedition; personal efforts with 
officials raised the number to 500; encloses copy 
of resolution to that effect just signed by Gov. 
[Benning Wentworth]; is gratified that so many 
were secured when length of boundary of New 
Hampshire is considered and when compared with 
contribution of Connecticut. A. L. S. 2pp. 



142 American Antiquarian Society. 

1755. New York, Assembly. New York. Committee 
Mar. 27. report on message of Lt. Gov. [James DeLancey] 
with action of Assembly thereon. Matter con 
sidered is expedition against Crown Point; 
report made by [William] Nicoll[s] chairman of 
Committee; Committee united with Committee 
of Council in consideration of message of Mar. 
26; approve plan proposed by Gov. [William] 
Shirley of Mass, and explained by Lt. Gov. 
[De Lancey] and Thomas Pownall; recommend 
that colony supply 800 men if British Com 
mander in Chief [Sir William Johnson] approve 
and if Mass, raise and subsist 1400 men or 1200 
for Crown Point and 200 for a diversion up the 
Kennebec; Assembly agreed unanimously as 
did the Council and joint committee appointed 
to report to Lt. Gov. DeLancey. "By Abrm. 
Lott jr. Clk. Assem. " Copy in ms. of and 
attested by Thomas Clarke. 2pp. 

It is possible that by "British Commander in Chief" 
Maj. Genl. Edward Braddock is meant. See: Shirley 
to Wentworth, Mar. 4, 1755. Ante p. 10. 

1755. Massachusetts, General Court. [Boston]. Action 
Mar. 29. regarding Crown Point Expedition. In Council: 
Committee of War authorized to appoint one or 
more delegates to meet in conference with 
delegates from other colonies interested; con 
ference to apportion stores necessary for expedi 
tion against Crown Point among several Col 
onies; "sent down for Concurrence T[homas] 
Clarke, Dpty. Secry." In the House of Repre 
sentatives: "Read and Concur d T[homas] Hub- 
bard Spkr. " " Consented to, Wplliam] Shirley. " 
Copy signed and attested by Clarke. Ip. 

1755. Shirley, Wplliam]. Boston. To John Burk. 
Mar. 29. Commission as Capt-Lieut. in regiment of Col. 
Ephraim Williams. Countersigned J[oseph] 
Willard. D. S. Ip. 



Additional French War Manuscripts. 143 

1755. Massachusetts, General Court, Committee. Boston. 
Apr. 10. To [Robert] Hale. Consider it necessary for Hale 
to go to Portsmouth at once; is to inform New 
Hampshire Assembly that by reason of encourage 
ment given by that body, Massachusetts and 
other governments have engaged for the expedi 
tion against Crown Point ; Massachusetts has voted 
to raise 1500 men in place of the 1200 at first 
proposed and Committee hope New Hampshire 
will exert herself correspondingly. L. S. "J[ohn] 
Osborne In the Name of the Committee. " Ip. 

1755. Williams, Ephraim. Deerfield. Letter to John 
Apr. 11. Burk. Offers Burk position of Capt-Lieut. in 
his regiment for expedition against Crown Point; 
desires that only good men be enlisted; Simeon 
Wells to be sergeant of company; conditions 
of enlistment for privates; wishes early reply 
and names of men going to join Col. [Israel] 
Williams at Hatfield. A. L. S. Ip. 

The important officers of this regiment were Col. Eph 
raim Williams, Lt. Col. Seth Pomeroy, Maj. Noah Ashley, 
Surg. Thomas Williams, Surg. mate Perez Marsh, Chaplain 
Stephen Williams, Commissary Eleazer Burt, Adjutant 
Philip Richardson, Armorer John P. Bull. 

1755. Williams, Israel. [Hatfield.] Letter to John Burk. 
May 1. Consents to dismissal of Sergt. [William] Patrick 
from service and suggests that [Ebenezer] 
Sheldon succeed him; present rank of latter can 
be no higher than Corporal; outlines conduct 
expected in the office. A. L. S. Ip. 

1755. Williams, Elijah. [Stockbridge, Mass.] To Col- 
Jun. 17. ony of Massachusetts. Account for expenses 
in building Fort Williams Sep. 1754^-Apr. 1755. 
Account amounts to 11. 14s. If d. and is attested 
before Joseph Dwight, Justice of Peace of 
Hampshire Co. It is addressed to Lt. Samuel 
Brown or Col. Joseph Dwight. A. D. S. Ip. 



144 American Antiquarian Society. 

1755. [Williams, Israel.] To Moses Emerson. Receipt 
Jul. 15. for powder and supplies received Jul. 1-15 at 
the hands of John Burk. A. D. Ip. 

1755. Orme, [Robert]. [Fort Cumberland.] To Com- 
Jul. 18. modore Augustus Keppel. Account of the 
battle on the Monongahela Jul. 9. Account 
describes behavior of officers and soldiers on 
English side and gives estimates of losses. In 
ms. of KeppeFs secretary. 4pp. 

Enclosed: Keppel to Gov. Charles Lawrence, Jul. 26, 
1755. 

[1755.] [Shirley, William. Fort Cumberland. To Com- 
[Jul. 18.] modore Augustus Keppel.] "A List of the 
Officers who were present and of those killed 
and wounded in the action on the banks of the 
Monongahela." List contains 86 names headed 
by that of "His Excelency Edwd. Braddock 
Died of his wounds." Of the officers 63 are 
noted as killed or wounded and this is followed 
by the statement: "About 600 men killed and 
wounded." Cont. Copy in hand of James 
Bradford Secy, to Shirley. 3pp. 

Enclosed: Keppel to Gov. Charles Lawrence Jul. 26, 
1755. Contemporary lists differing however in the spelling 
of names are found in the Minutes of the Provincial Council 
of Pennsylvania for Jul. 24, 1755, the Pennsylvania Gazette 
of Jul. 31 and elsewhere. In none are full names given. 

1755. Keppel, A[ugustus]. Sea Horse at Sea. To Gov. 
Jul. 26. [Charles] Lawrence of Nova Scotia. Acknowl 
edges letters received; is kept from visiting him 
by defeat of [Maj. Genl. Edward] Braddock; 
encloses letters of [George] Washington and others 
giving details; loss of prestige to British arms; 
other comment; congratulates Lawrence on his 
success in expedition across the bay. A. L. S. 2pp. . 

This letter and its enclosures are printed in full on p. 
171 ff., where are supplied the full names of officers men 
tioned in Shirley s list. 



Additional French War Manuscripts. 145 

1755. Stebbings, John. Lake George. Receipt for mil- 

Sep. 22. itary outfit belonging to late Robert Royan, 

with enumeration of goods received. D. S. Ip. 

1755. Massachusetts, House of Representatives. Order 
Dec. 11. naming a committee of five to which the Council 

may join others to consider the affairs of the 
French inhabitants of Nova Scotia who have 
been brought into this Government. On verso is 
oath required from inhabitants in 1761. Cont. 
ms. Ip. 

1756. Sinclair, Sir John. New York. Receipt Book 
Mar. 16-24. giving an account of the men employed in the 

batteau service in America. The volume contains 
lists of 24 companies and signed receipts of 1039 
officers and men; these persons " acknowledge 
to have voluntarily enlisted for the transporting 
of provisions for His Majesty s service in bat- 
toes according to the advertisement published 
by [Maj.] Genl. [William] Shirley dated Jan. 19, 
1756" and they further acknowledge "to have 
received from Sir John St. Clair [Sinclair] Dep. 
Q. M. Genl. twenty days pay the Captains 
at eight shillings, the Assistants at six and the 
Battoe men at four shillings a day." 1039 
signatures: 24 and 30pp. , 1 vol. 

The names of the captains of the companies follow in 
the order of their signatures: Daniel De Normandie, 
Daniel Sutton, Jonathan Woodroff, James Cusick, Abra 
ham Van Duerson, William Line, Peter Jaquet, John 
Salmon, John McDougall, John Ten Broek, John Lawrence, 
Thomas Deare, Samuel Neilson, Samuel Askwith, Jacobus 
Wyncoop, George Knaggs, Isaiah Valleau, Joseph Riggs, 
John Egan, Hendrick Seydam, John Brown, John Emott, 
and John Atkins. 

1756. White, Jonathan; Richardson, Philip and John 

May 6. Stebbings. Boston. Bond to Massachusetts 

Colony. Amount of warrants received by each 

from the treasurer of the province "to subsist 



146 American Antiquarian Society. 

our respective companies to Albany"; agree to 
return to Committee of War list of names of 
men in respective companies and surplus of 
money if number is not equal to that stated. 
A. D. S. of White. D. S. of others. 2pp. 

The signers were Captains in the regiment of Col. 
Timothy Ruggles. 

1756. Winslow, J[ohn.] Camp at Half Moon. [Albany.] 
Jun. 5. Return of troops. A return of the Provincial 
troops raised by the Governments of Massachu 
setts Bay, Connecticut, New York and Rhode 
Island with the numbers stationed at certain 
named posts. The troops were raised for the 
reduction of Crown Point and the posts given 
are Fort William Henry, Fort Edward, Upper 
Saratoga, Lower Saratoga, Stillwater and Half 
Moon; reports other men under Lt. Col. [Jona 
than?] Hoar and Maj. [Jonathan] Star as yet 
on the road. The total is 4170 with artillery. 
D. S. Ip. 

1756. Gridley, Isaac. [Fall Town.] To John Burk. 
Jun. 22. Account of clothing furnished Burk s Company. 

Account amounts to 51. 17 s. 2 d. On verso 
in ms. of Burk are notes of various additions 
and deductions to account of Commissary 
Gridley. A. D. S. Ip. 

1755-6. Crown Point Expedition. [Boston.] Two Tables 
for computing the wages of the officers and 
soldiers [from Massachusetts] in the Crown 
Point expedition. With these tables are two 
manuscripts classifying the number of officers 
and men [from . Massachusetts] taking part in 
the Crown Point Expedition with pay of each 
group. 5pp. with attached slips. 

1757. Massachusetts, General Court. To the Committee 
Jan. 14. on the Muster rolls. Resolution of the House 



Additional French War Manuscripts. 147 

of Representatives providing method for com 
puting wages of officers and soldiers who enlisted 
for the expedition [of 1755] against Crown Point 
sent up for concurrence of Council. T[homas] 
Jan. 17. Hubbard Spkr. In Council: Read and con 
curred. Thos. Clarke Dpty. Secy. Consented 
to S[pencer] Phips. Copy examined, A[ndrew] 
Oliver, Secy. 2pp. 

1757. Burk, John. Boston, [Mass.] Muster roll of com- 
Feb. 23. pany under command of. 36 names on roll, 
among them 3 deserters and 4 Indians. The 
list appears to include but a section of Burk s 
full company and as frequently is the case in 
these early rolls the word deserter has not the 
full significance of later days often meaning 
no more than absent at time of roll call. Cont. 
Copy. Ip. 

1757. Partridge, Oliver. Hatfield. Letter to John Burk. 
Mar. 30. Has received commission of Captain in [Massa 
chusetts] service for Burk and of Lieutenant 
for Selah Barnard; requests Burk to notify 
latter and both to repair to Hatfield [to take 
oath of service]. A. L. S. Ip. 

1757. [Burk, John. Fall Town?] List of men to form 
Mar. portion of Command of. A list of the names 

of men raised from the northern regiment in 
the county of Hampshire for his majesty s service 
under the command of the Earl of Loudon; 70 
names with place of residence. Cont. Copy. Ip. 

1757. Denny, William. Philadelphia. To Archibald 
Aug. 13. Kennedy. Acknowledges receipt of two letters, 
latter informing him of surrender of Fort William 
Henry and attack on Fort Edward; Pennsyl 
vania has no militia but will recommend to the 
Assembly that assistance be given him. Cont. 
Copy. Ip. 



148 American Antiquarian Society. 

1757. Winslow, John. [Boston.] Letter to Maj. Elipha- 
Aug. 17. let Pond. Orders Pond to march with his 
detachment to Springfield where he is to place 
himself under the direction of Sir William 
Pepperell; postscript directs Pond to halt at 
Worcester for camp on evening of August 18. 
L. S. with autograph postscript. Ip. 

1757. Pownall, Thomas. Boston. To Benjamin Hallo- 
Aug. 27. well jr. Commission as Captain of His Majesty s 
ship King George. D. S. of Pownall certified 
by Thomas Clarke, Dep. Secy. Ip. 

1757. Newhall, Jonathan. Stockbridge, [Mass.] Certifi- 
Sep. 5. cate that 31 men have been billeted on inhabi 
tants of Stockbridge, for three weeks; men were 
from the regiment of Col. John Chandler jr 
D. S. Ip. 

1757. Hale, Robert. Chronicle of the War against the 
Oct. 30. French and Indians. This chronicle is stated 
as beginning Jul. 1, 1755 but rough notes of 
occurrences as early as Oct. 18, 1748 are given. 
Important events of the war against the French 
and Indians are noted as also summaries of 
legislative proceedings and popular feeling; 
occurrences in New England and the North are 
followed with more detail than corresponding 
movements in the South and West. The Chron 
icle continues until Oct. 30, 1757 and is con 
tinued by a second part Nov. 1, 1757 April 
30, 1761, and a third covering May 1, 1761 
Oct. 30, 1762. See entry under later of given 
dates for each volume. A. D. 56 pp.; 1 vol. 

1757. Woodbridge, Timothy. [Worcester.] To the pro- 

Nov. 7. vince [of Massachusetts]. Amounts due to 13 

named persons; expenses for billeting soldiers 

under command of Capt. [Jonathan] Newhall 



Additional French War Manuscripts. 149 

until troops were ordered by Sir William Pep- 
per[r]ell; total is 18. 12s. D. S. Ip. 

[1757]. [Burk, John. Boston.] Muster roll of Company 
[Nov. 17.] under command of. 23 names on roll, among 
whom are noted the men who have been enrolled 
since Feb. 12, two who never joined and five 
deserters. The list appears to include but a 
section of Burk s company. Cont. Copy. Ip. 

1757. Lane, Edmund. [Fort Cumberland.] Court Mar- 
Dec. 26. tial of. Record of Court Martial proceedings 
in case of Edmund Lane of Capt. [Benoni] 
Banks company of rangers in regiment of Lt. 
Col. Hunt Walsh. Court of six members, Capt. 
Theodore Augustus Spann, President; Lane 
found guilty of fighting and making a disturb 
ance, and sentenced to 100 lashes. Sentence 
confirmed by "Hunt Walsh Lieut. Col." D. S. 
of Spann Ip. 

1757. [Massachusetts.] Clothing supplied for provincial 

troops. List of coats, blankets etc. sent to 
Worcester by various persons to provide for 
troops at that place. Cont. ms. Ip. 

[1757?] Worthington, [John.] List of certain men in 
regiment of. "A List of those absent, sick, 
deserted, absent by leave etc. raised in Col. 
Worthington s regiment. " 32 names. Endorsed : 
List of soldiers left behind. Cont. ms. Ip. 

1758. Danks, Benoni. Fort Cumberland. Roll of Com- 
Aug. 4. pany of. Roll contains names of 57 men of 

whom 42 are privates. See : Danks, Benoni, Roll 
Feb. 20, 1761. Cont. ms. Ip. Mutilated. 

1758. Bagley, Jonathan. Orderly Book of the Massachu- 
Aug. 20- setts regiment commanded by Col. Bagley when 
Sep. 11. in provincial camp at Lake George. 34pp. 1 vol. 



150 American Antiquarian Society. 

1758. Herres, William. Holden, [Mass.] Certificate of 
Sep. 15. service of son. Certifies that his son Valentine 
Herres enlisted in Capt. [John] Patton s Com 
pany of Gov. [William] Shirley s regiment and 
was captured at Oswego. A. D. S. Ip. 

1758. Williams, Israel. Hatfield. Letter to John Burk. 
Sep. 29. Death of [John] Catlin makes Capt. Burk the 
senior captain on the frontier service [in regi 
ment]; directs him to repair to Colrain and 
other frontier posts to see that service is main 
tained; other directions. A. L. S. Ip. 

1758. Fort William Henry, Diary of a soldier stationed 
Sep. 15- at. The record begins with an account of life 
Nov. 15. at the fort; describes such incidents of the war 
as the arrival and departure of troops, actions 
between opposing forces and rumors of move 
ments by the French or Indians. The volume 
contains descriptions of Courts-martial, notes 
of frontier life and closes with the record of a 
march from Fort William Henry to Albany by 
way of Fort Edward, Saratoga, Stillwater and 
Half Moon. 12pp. Bound with a Diary of an 
Expedition to Louisburgh etc. May 15, 1759- 
Sep. 24, 1760. See entry under latter date 
post p. 160. 

1758. Pynchon, Joseph. Deerfield. Letter to John Burk. 
Nov. 26. Requests names of men on Burk s roll that com 
missary s account may be prepared. A. L. S. Ip. 

1759. Hutchinson, Israel. [Boston?] To Gov. Thomas 
Mar. 1. Pownall and the General Court of Massachusetts. 

Petitioner was a Lieut, in company of Capt. 
Andrew Fuller and regiment of Col. Jonathan 
Bagley in expedition of 1758 against Canada; 
mishaps suffered at "Ticondaroga" form basis 
of petition for relief; certificates offered to 
support claim. A. D. S. Ip. 



Additional French War Manuscripts. 151 

[1759]. Fellows, [John] and others. "A List of th men 
Feb. 23- enlisted above the Green Woods" by Capt. 
Mar. 6. Fellows, [Paul] Dewey, [William] King and 
[Josiah] Church. 70 names are given and men 
tion is made of one deserter. Cont. ms. Ip. 

1759. Ruggles, Timothy. [Boston.] Letter to Capt. 
Mar. 27. John Burk. Has appointed Burk Captain in 
his own regiment; directs him to apply to Col. 
Israel Williams of the militia for 90 men; latter 
will raise this number and turn them over to 
Burk who will be accountable for them thereafter. 
L. S. Ip. 

On verso in the manuscript of Burk is a Table giving 
expenses of travel from Springfield to Boston May 17-21, 
with notes of stopping places on way. 

1759. Pownall, T[homas]. Boston. Commissions to 
Mar. 31. Cornelius Stowell and William Henshaw as 
1st and 2d Lieutenants respectively in companies 
of Capts. William Paige and Jeduthan Baldwin 
of regiment commanded by Brig. Genl. Timothy 
Ruggles. Ds. S. Certified by A[ndrew] Oliver, 
Secy. Ip. each. 

1759. Pierce, Benjamin. Hampshire County. Enlist- 
Apr. 2. ment papers. Acknowledgment of enlistment 
in service for invasion of Canada. Counter 
signed by Joseph Hawley, Justice of Peace of 
County of Hampshire. D. S. Ip. 

[1759.] Ingersoll, Joseph. Boston. Letter to William 
Apr. [10.] Henshaw. Notifies him that he has been 
appointed a Lieutenant under Brig. Genl. 
[Timothy] Ruggles for the campaign against 
Canada, and directs him to repair to Worcester 
for orders. A. L. S. Ip. 

1759. Waldo, Samuel jr. Falmouth. [Portland Me.] 
Apr. 13. Letter to William Brattle. Encloses regimental 



152 American Antiquarian Society. 

return; 50 men for Canada of whom four are 
in navy; expects 150 are with the Penobscot 
expedition. A. L. S. Ip. 

1759. Henshaw, Jonathan. [Leicester.] To William 

Apr. 14. Henshaw. Account for military equipment to 

sum of 14. 12 s. 4 d. for which a note has been 

received. In ms. of William Henshaw. Ip. 

1759. [Burk, John. Deerfield, Mass.] Billeting roll of 
May 1. company under command of. 29 names [con 
stituting the last division of company by alpha 
betical arrangement] with cost of billeting from 
date of enlistment to Apr. 30, 1759; date of enlist 
ment varies in different cases. Cont. Copy. Ip. 

1759. Pownall, T[homas]. Boston. To Jonathan Hoi- 
May 11. man. Commission as 1st Lieutenant in com 
pany of Jeremiah Learnard of regiment com 
manded by Col. Abijah Willard. D. S. of 
Pownall, certified by A[ndrew] Oliver. In absence 
May 18. of Gov. Pownall Lt. Gov. Thomas Hutchinson 
certifies that Holman took the oaths required by 
Parliamentary and Provincial law. A. N. S. Ip. 

[1759.] Burk, John. [Deerfield, Mass.] Billeting roll of 

May 13. company under command of. 102 names with 

amount due for billeting each from date of 

enlistment to May 13. See Ruggles to Burk 

Jun. 1. Mar. 27, 1759. A similar roll compiled Jun. 1 

follows giving amounts due to May 26 and 

containing many signatures apparently as 

receipts for sums named. A. Ds. S. 3pp. and 

Ip. 

1759. Whiting, Leonard. Detachment at Fort Edward. 

Jun. 13. List of men detached from regiment of Brig. 

Genl. Timothy Ruggles on garrison duty at 

Fort Edward. 91 names. In ms. of William 

Henshaw. Ip. 



Additional French War Manuscripts. 153 

1759. Henshaw, Daniel. Leicester. Letter to William 

Jun. 23. Henshaw. Acknowledges letter of Jun. 13 and 

is pleased to know of his continued good health; 

war news that has reached Leicester; capture 

of French Man of War. A. L. S. Ip. 

1759. Whiting, Leonard. Fort Edward. Proceedings of 

Jul. 10. a garrison Court Martial consisting of Capt. 

Whiting and four others in the cases of Donald 

Curry, Thomas Muffett and Jacob Jones. Cont. 

Copy by William Henshaw. 2pp. 

1759. Kenfield, George and others. Camp at Lake 
Jul. 11. George. To John Burk. Receipt for one King s 
arm to each person. D. S. George Kenfield, 
Aaron Petty, Ephraim Smith. Ip. 

1759. Burk, John. Lake George. To Josiah Brewer. 
Jul. 12. Order on Brewer for goods to value of three 
shillings in favor of Joshua Gibbs. Similar 
orders of Jul. 28 and 31 are drawn by Burk on 
Brewer in favor of William Gray and John Rugg 
respectively. A. Ds. S. Ip. each. 

1759. Baldwin, Jeduthan. [Fort Edward.] Troops com- 
[July.] manded by. A List of officers and privates 
under Capt. Jeduthan Baldwin enlisted in the 
first battalion of [Brig.] Genl. [Timothy] Ruggles 
of which battalion Lt. Col. Joseph Ingersoll 
was commander. Names of three additional 
commissioned officers and 58 non commissioned 
officers and privates are given. Cont. Copy. Ip. 

1759. Elmer, Samuel. Fort Edward. To John Burk. 
Aug. 3. Order upon Burk to amount of 1. 12 s. 5 d. 
to be stopped from Elmer s wages in favor of 
Josiah Brewer and in payment of enclosed note 
to Brewer for above amount. Benjamin Edgell 
is witness to both note and order. Ds. S. 
Ip. each. 



154 American Antiquarian Society. 

1759. Burk, John. Crown Point. To Josiah Brewer. 

Aug. 10. Order upon Brewer for goods to value of twelve 

shillings in favor of John Rugg. A. D. S. of 

Ebenezer Bardwell "in behalf of Capt. John 

Burk." Ip. 

1759. Partridge, Oliver. Hatfield. Letter to John Burk. 
Aug. 10. Congratulates Burk on successes thus far 
obtained; requests forwarding of news; men 
tions reduction of Niagara, progress of [James] 
Wolfe, affairs in Virginia and visit from Lt. 
[Ebenezer] Sheldon. A. L. S. Ip. 

1759. Williams, Israel. Hatfield. Letter to John Burk. 
Aug. 13. Acknowledges letters and congratulates Burk 
on success at Crown Point; "this may be the 
day of vengeance upon our enemies;" no news 
from [Maj.] Genl. [Daniel] Webb; fragments 
of news from Europe; troops leaving No. 4 
[Charlestown, N. H.] presumably for Burk s 
support; hopes there will be no trouble between 
reenforcements and former men. A. L. S. 2pp. 

1759. Wyer, David. Annapolis Royal. Letter to Sam- 
Aug. 29. uel Curwen. Account of skirmishing and con 
flicts in and near Annapolis. A. L. S. 2pp. 

1759. Whiting, Leonard. Fort Edward. Proceedings of 
Sep. 2. a garrison Court Martial consisting of Capt. 
Whiting and four others in case of John Munn. 
Cont. Copy by William Henshaw. Ip. 

[1759.] Henshaw, William. [Fort Edward.] Return of 
Sep. [26]. 49 men under command of Lieut. Henshaw 
with names and limited description of persons in 
company. A. D. S. Ip. Mutilated. 

1759. Curtis, Zacheus. Plymouth. To Gov. Thomas 

Oct. 3. Pownall and the General Court of Massachusetts. 

Petitions for remuneration for loss of his appren- 



Additional French War Manuscripts. 155 

tice Francis Finney for two years; Finney enlisted 
in company of Capt. Samuel Nicols Nelson for 
expedition against Crown Point; was captured 
at Fort William Henry and kidnapped by 
Indians; broke away in 1759; came to Ticonder- 
oga and on capture of that post was allowed by 
Sir [Jeffery] Amherst to return to Plymouth; 
result is loss of two years service and other 
extra expense. A, D. S. Finney s oath to 
truth of statement is attested before Thomas 
Foster, Justice of Peace. A. N. S. of Foster. 

IP- 

1759. [Henshaw, William.] Fort Edward. Return of 

Oct. 24. garrison at Fort Edward. A monthly return 

of the state of the Garrison at Fort Edward; 

portions of eight regiments given making 344 

men of all classes in the Garrison. A. D. Ip. 

1759. Whiting, Leonard. Fort Edward. Proceedings of 

Oct. 30. a garrison Court Martial consisting of Capt. 

Whiting and four others in cases of Thomas 

Moffett and Mathias Duyce. Cont. Copy by 

William Henshaw. Ip. 

1759. Lawrence, Sir Charles. Halifax. To Capt-Lieut. John 
Nov. 15. Walker. Directs Walker to ^proceed with Capt. 
[Benoni] Bank s company of rangers and relieve 
Capt. [Jot ham] Gay with his provincials at Fort 
Edward; is to obtain from Capt. Gay account of 
stores etc. belonging to garrison and give receipt 
therefor; one-third of company to be on duty 
each day; further directions. Countersigned 
Archd. Hinshelwood Secy. D. S. 2pp. 

1759. Henshaw, William. Orderly Book for the expedi- 

May 9- tion to Fort Edward with later notes. The 

Nov. 28. volume has a list of the officers and men of 

Capt. Jeduthan Baldwin s Company in which 

Henshaw served as 2d Lieut., begins with the 



156 American Antiquarian Society. 

regimental orders at Worcester May 9, and 
follows the march until the arrival at Fort 
Edward Jun. 5, 1759. After this date are found 
orders as issued at Fort Edward [N. Y.] until 
Nov. 9, together with many of Henshaw s pri 
vate notes. During November the location of 
camp varies as the expedition against Crown 
Point is assumed, and the final entry of the 
war is dated at Rutland, Mass., Nov. 28, when 
the company broke ranks. Later notes to 1773 
are of a miscellaneous character. A. D. 174 
and 42pp. 1 vol. 

A facsimile reproduction of two pages of this Orderly 
Book faces p. 181 where begins the print of the manuscript. 

1759. Crown Point, Diary of a soldier stationed at. 
May 16- The record begins with an account of conditions 
Nov. 28. at Albany and notes of the march from 
Springfield thither; this is followed by notes 
of march to Saratoga and description of 
local events about Crown Point; the most 
common entry until November being "noth 
ing extraordinary/ Appended to the diary 
proper are various orders for the first battalion 
of Brig. Genl. [Timothy] Ruggles s regiment 
by [Cornelius Stowell and] Joseph Ingersoll; 
other entries of a later date and disconnected 
with the Crown Point campaign follow. 43pp. 
1 vol. 

1759. Massachusetts, "Book of Balances". This volume 
[Dec.] contains the names of soldiers representing the 
colony of Massachusetts in the French and 
Indian war during 1759 and to whom there is 
money yet due. In some cases the individual 
names of privates are omitted but total company 
numbers are given. The volume contains also 
receipts from officers and from many privates for 
monies received. 25pp. 1 vol. 



Additional French War Manuscripts. 157 

[1759]. [Burk, John. Crown Point?] A List of men that 
came in Maj. [John] Hawks detachment. This 
list gives the names of 27 men belonging to 
Brig. Genl. Timothy Ruggles s regiment who 
accompanied Hawks by the road to No. 4 with 
accounts of billeting, etc. On verso is receipt 
of William Jennison to John Burk for money 
received for Thomas Haywood [Heywood.] 
A. D. Ip. 

[1759.] Burk, John. [Fall Town.] Roll of company 
under command of. This roll gives the names 
of 101 men including officers, with date of 
enlistment and occasional notes as to the 97 
privates. Cont. mss. 4pp. 

[1759.] [Burk, John. Fall Town.] Account of money 
disbursed. " Account of the 2d billeting money 
which I have paid out & to whome. " 9 officers 
mentioned as receiving money and goods with 
amount given each. Auto. ms. Ip. 

[1759.] Hawks, G[ershom. Fort Charlemont.] List of 
soldiers at Fort Charlemont under command of. 
List comprises names of 11 men under Hawks 
and 10 men of " Taylor s garrison " under com 
mand of Sergt. Othniel Taylor. Cont. ms. Ip. 

1760. Willard, Nahum. Worcester. To the Colony of 
Jan. 29. Massachusetts. Bill for services as physician 
and surgeon to Colonial troops Dec. 25, 1758 
to Aug. 10, 1759, 119 cases. Sworn to before 
Jacob Wendell, Boston, Jan 31, 1760. A. D. S. 
of Willard with A. N. S. of Wendell, llpp. 

1760. Dimuck, Gideon. [Springfield.] Enlistment papers. 

Feb. 19. Acknowledgment of enlistment in provincial 

service and receipt of bounty money from 

Capt. Trastrum [Tristram] Davis with signed 



158 American Antiquarian Society. 

attestation of John Worthington dated Mar. 5 
D. S. lp. 

Similar enlistment papers for Luke Day, Benjamin 
Knight, George Larkin, Edmond Murphy and Josiah 
Ward jr. are in this collection. All are attested by Worth 
ington. 

1760. Warner, Ichabod. [Fall Town?] Enlistment papers. 

Feb. 24. Acknowledgment of enlistment in provincial 

service and receipt of bounty money from John 

Burk with signed attestation of Israel Williams 

dated Mar. 5. D. S. lp. 

Similar enlistment papers for Thomas Elgar and Thomas 
Stanley are in this collection. Both are attested by 
Williams. 

1760. Ruggles, Timothy. [Springfield.] Proclamation. 
Mar. 13. Notifies any person having money received by 
Maj. [Francis] Ball for enlistments to pay same 
to Maj. John Burk. A. D. S. lp. 

This proclamation is reproduced in facsimile facing p. 135 . 

1760. Ruggles, Timothy. Boston. Letter to John Burk. 
Mar. 31. All men enlisted in Hampshire County to hold 
themselves ready to march at shortest notice 
to rendezvous selected; that provision for com 
missions and supplies may be made, return of 
numbers enlisted by various officers and account 
of previous service to be forwarded at once ; time 
for enlistment extended to Apr. 15. L. S. lp. 

1760. Ruggles, Timothy. Boston. Letter to John Burk. 
Apr. 2. Exhaustion of bounty money by supplying 
recruiting officers; directs Burk to call upon 
such of their number as have funds remaining 
in case of enlistment of additional new recruits. 
L. S. lp. 

1760. Harris, John. [Springfield.] Enlistment papers. 

Apr. 15. Acknowledgment of enlistment in provincial 

service and receipt of bounty money from Lieut. 



Additional French War Manuscripts. 159 

Joseph Thompson, with signed attestation of 
John Worthington dated Apr. 24, D. S. Ip. 

1760. Goffe, John. Camp. [N. H.] Letter to Lt. John 
[Apr.] 23. Parker. Need of provisions as movements are 
extended away from the [Connecticut] river; 
urges that wagons loaded with both flour and 
meat be hurried on from Number 4 [Charlestown, 
N. H.] and that nothing but king s stores be 
allowed on the wagons; Lt. [Othniel] Taylor 
should be allowed ten days provisions; is to 
communicate instructions to Lt. Timothy Bedloe. 
A. L. S. Ip. 

1760. Paine, Timothy. Worcester. To [John] Burk. 
Apr. 29. Sends blankets etc. by [Benjamin] Peirce and 
[Asa] Flagg; receipt to be signed and returned; 
additional stores to be obtained from Capt. 
[Luke] Bliss [jr.] of Springfield or from Capt. 
[Moses] Marsh of Hadley. Copy. Ip. 

1760. Gray, Harrison, jr. Worcester. Letter to John 

Apr. 30. Burk. Is unable to leave Worcester himself but 

sends 112 sterling for equipment of troops etc.; 

asks to be informed if more is needed. A. L. S. Ip. 

1760. Williams, [Israel]. [Hatfield.] Roll of regiment 

Feb. 21- under command of. Roll gives names of 113 

May 12. men with dates of enlistment and muster; names 

are arranged under names of officers by whom 

men were enlisted. Auto, draft. 2pp. 

1760. Ruggles, Timothy. Boston. To Abijah Willard. 

May 19. Urges that provincial troops be hurried to 

Albany; is to forward letter or copy to John 

Burk. Copy by Willard on page with following 

letter. 

[1760.] Willard, Abijah. [Worcester.] Letter to John 
[May 21.] Burk. Has sent bounty notes by Lt. John 



160 American Antiquarian Society. 

Bailey and will send more if needed; [Harrison] 
Gray [jr.] will send money requested by first 
opportunity. A. L. S. Ip. 

1760. Gray, Harrison, jr. Worcester. Letter to John 

May 22. Burk. Sends him 31. 41s. 8 d. as desired; 

asks if money sent earlier has been received. 

A. L. S. Ip. See Gray s letter of Apr. 30 ante. 

1760. Torrence, Thomas. Leicester. To William Hen- 
Jun. 7. shaw. Receipt to Henshaw for money in full 
for services of John Cannon and one other 
[in the campaign of 1759.] D. S. Ip. 

1760. Pitt, William. Whitehall. To Gov. [Stephen Hop- 
Aug. 23. kins] and the Company of Rhode Island. Has 
heard through British officers in America of 
illegal commerce between the King s subjects 
and the French settlements on the continent 
and islands; this commerce alone enables the 
French to continue the war in America especially 
by means of the money paid for French products; 
strict inquiry to be made and punishment meted 
out to all persons guilty of maintaining these 
trade relations. Cont. Copy. 2pp. 

This letter was a circular one addressed to the various 
Governors in America. See N. J. Archives, ser. I, vol. 
9, p. 240; Newark 1885; where is given the reply of Gov. 
Thomas Boone. 

1759- Louisburgh. Diary of an expedition to Louisburgh 

1760. with account of life on the coast of Cape Breton. 

May 15- The record begins with the departure from 

Sep. 24. Nantasket for Louisburgh [in the Oliver], and 

* the author is the same as that of the diary Sep. 15- 

Nov. 15. 1758 (ante p. 22) with which this record 

is bound. Reaching Louisburgh May 24 the 

author mounts guard for the first time Jun. 10; 

on Jul. 9 sail is made on the Oliver for Spanish 

River [Cape Breton s Island]; account of events 



Additional French War Manuscripts. 161 

follows detailing movements of troops as well 
as of vessels; the volume closes with scattered 
orders after Jun. 1, 1760 and the announcement 
on Sep. 24 of the surrender on Sep. 8 of Montreal 
with all Canada to Genl. Amherst. 38pp. 1 vol. 

1760. Saturday, Jacob. Half Moon. To Jesse Bellows. Order 
Nov. 10. upon Bellows for sum of wages due to date. D.S. Ip. 

1759- Henshaw, William. Account Book. Accounts at 

1760. Fort Edward and at Leicester for various articles 

May 26- purchased from individuals named. There are 

Dec. 4. also occasional notes of money borrowed or 

loaned and events occurring within the writer s 

knowledge bearing upon the progress of the war. 

A. D. 14pp. 1 vol. 

In addition to this volume there are in the collection 
many notes and accounts of Henshaw during the war for 
which no entries have been included in this calendar. 
Some are but fuller statements of items given in this 
Account Book and others refer to matters covered by 
the Henshaw Orderly Book listed on p. 155. 

1760. Willard, Nahum. Worcester. To the Colony of 
Dec. 22. Massachusetts. Bill for services as physician 

and surgeon to Colonial troops, Ja^n. 21, 1760 
to Dec. 1, 1760; 103 cases. A. D. S. 8pp. 

1761. Leake, Robert. Albany. To Samuel Mather. 
Jan. 11. Need of a deputy commissary at Fort Detroit; 

duties and salary of the position; offers it to 
Mather; if accepted latter is to meet writer in 
New York to receive further detailed instructions 
proceeding thence to post via Philadelphia and 
Pittsburg. A. L. S. 2pp. 

1761. Banks, Benoni. Fort Cumberland. Roll of Com- 
Feb. 20. pany of. List of men in company of Capt. 
Benoni Danks; roll contains the names of 7 
officers and 93 privates. Cont. ms. Ip. 



162 American Antiquarian Society. 

1761. Stiles, Jacob. Leicester. To William Henshaw. 
Apr. 25. Receipt to Henshaw for money in full for services 
of Ephraim Gibson and one other [in, the cam 
paign of 1759]. D. S. Ip. 

1761. Hale, Robert. Chronicle of the War against the 

Apr. 30. French and Indians. This volume continues 

the chronicle begun in vol. I (Jul. 1, 1755-Oct. 30, 

1757) and contains similar notes to Apr. 30, 

1761. It is followed by a third continuing the 
record from May 1, 1761 to Oct. 30, 1762. See 
entries under date Oct. 30, 1757 and Oct. 30, 

1762. A. D. 66pp. 1 vol. 

1761. Bernard, Francis. Boston. To Benjamin Hallo- 
May 26. well jr. Commission as Captain of His Majesty s 
ship King George. D. S. of Bernard. Certified 
by A[ndrew] Oliver Secy. Ip. 

1761. Wethered, Samuel. Fort Cumberland, To John 

Jun. 8. Walker. Receipt for 15. 11 d. Nova Scotia 

currency in full of account to date; account is 

in large part for war stores of various kinds. 

A. D. S. Ip. 

1761. Scott, John; Barritt, William and Levi Fletcher. 
Jun. 30. [Dunstable, Mass.] To John Tyng. Order upon 
Tyng in favor of Thomas Farrington for 3. 
14 s. 8 d. each, this sum being the amount 
remaining due to each from the Colony of 
Massachusetts as bounty money for enlistment 
in the French war. On verso is Farrington s 
receipt of even date to John Tyng for payment 
of several amounts above stated. D. S. Ip. 

1761. Cheever, Ezekiel and five others. Westford, [Mass.] 

Jul. 1. To John Tyng. Order upon Tyng in favor of 

Leonard Whiting for 3. 14 s. 8 d. each, this 

sum being the amount remaining due each 

from the Colony as bounty money. Signed: 



Additional French War Manuscripts. 163 

Ezekiel Cheever, Amborry [Ambrose?] Emery, 
Thomas Green, Nathaniel Emery, William Belk- 
nap, Nathenel Harmen [Nathaniel Harriman?]. 
On verso is Whiting s receipt of Jul. 2 to John 
Tyng for payment of several amounts above 
stated. D. S. 2pp. 

A like order upon Tyng in favor of Capt. Whiting signed 
by William Hunt and receipted by Whiting follows in 
the collection. 

1761. [Tyng, John. Dunstable.] Return of Enlist- 
[Jul. 2.] ments in Massachusetts Provincial Service. 
Return of men enlisted for His Majesty s service 
for the protection and security of His Majesty s 
dominions and conquests in North America. 
Roll contains names of 44 persons enlisted by 
Capts. William Barren, Thomas Farrington, 
Moses Parker, Leonard Whiting and Samuel 
Berry with time of enlistment and various 
details regarding same. On verso are receipts 
to John Tyng for provincial bounty received 
by men enlisting. In ms. of John Tyng. 44 
signatures. 2pp. 

1761. [Tyng, John. Dunstable.] Return of Enlistments 
[Jul. 4.] in Massachusetts Provincial Service. Return of 
men enlisted for His Majesty s service for the 
protection and security of His Majesty s domin 
ions and conquests in North America. Roll 
contains names of three persons enlisted by 
Capt. Thomas Farrington with time of enlist 
ment and various details regarding same. On 
verso are receipts to John Tyng witnessed by 
Jacob Me Daniel for provincial bounty received 
by men enlisting. In ms. of John Tyng. 3 
signatures. 2pp. 

1761. [Tyng, John. Dunstable.] Notes of Money on 

Jul. 4. hand. Rough notes as to money of province 

on hand [and due various persons as bounty 



164 American Antiquarian Society. 

money for enlistment in Massachusetts provincial 
service.] A. D. Ip. 

1761. [Tyng, John. Dunstable.] Note of men enlisted 
[Jul. 4.] in companies of Capts. Moses Parker, May 1 
and* 5, and Leonard Whiting, Apr. 29 [to whom 
bounty money is due.] A. D. Ip. 

1761. Goldthwait, Thomas. Boston. Receipt for enlist- 
Jul. 8. ments. Receipt for enlistments of men in com 
panies of Capts. [Thomas] Farrington, [Leonard] 
Whiting and [Oliver] Barrons. A. D. S. Ip. 

1761. Whiting, [Leonard]. List of men under command 
Jul. 2-14. of. List of 18 men under Capt. [Leonard] 
Whiting with amounts of money paid various 
individuals. In ms. of John Tyng. 2pp. 

1761. Berry, Samuel. Dunstable. To John Tyng. 
Jul. 14. Receipt for 3. 14 s. 8 d. due to Zechariah 
Flagg jr., Samuel Farley jr. and Benjamin Cory, 
being the amount due each as bounty money 
from the Colony. Individual receipts signed 
by each of the above men are in the collection. 
These are dated Jul. 11, are witnessed by Samuel 
Berry and Hugh Floyd and were delivered to 
Berry. A. D. S. Ip. 

1761. [Tyng, John. Dunstable.] Note of money paid. 
Jul. 14. Note of 11. 4s. paid Samuel Berry in satisfac 
tion of claim of Zechariah Flagg [jr.], Samuel 
Farley [jr.] and Benjamin Cory for remainder 
of bounty money due each. A. D. Ip. 

See preceding entry. 

1761. Cobb, Silvanus. Halifax. Receipt for various 

Sep. 16. supplies. Supplies and stores received on board 

sloop York & Halifax and to be delivered to 

Capt. Walmough at Fort Frederick, St. Johns 

river. "John Merserum, Witness." D. S. Ip. 



Additional French War Manuscripts. 165 

1761. Knap, John, Salem. To Francis Bernard. Knap s 
Nov. 11. son John served under Capt. John Tapley at Fort 

William Henry; captured and taken to England 
he died in Dec. 1757; father petitions for custom 
ary wages of son till date of death. D. S. Ip. 

Attached is certificate of John Okeman to service and 
capture of Knap and of William Rackley to date of his death. 

1762. [Tyng, John. Dunstable.] Enlistments in Massa- 
[Mar. 22.] chusetts Provincial Service. Return of 41 men 

enlisted for His Majesty s service by Capt. 
[William] Barren, Lt. [Ezekiel] Brown, and Lt. 
[Benjamin] Byram; time of enlistment and 
details regarding the men enlisting. A. D. Ip. 

1762. [Tyng, John. Dunstable.] Enlistments in Massa- 
[Mar. 27.] chusetts Provincial Service. Return of 44 men 
enlisted for His Majesty s service by Capt. Benja 
min Edwards, Lts. Benjamin Byram, [Thomas] 
Maxwell and Ensign Leo Butterfield; time of 
enlistment and details regarding men enlisting. 
A. D. Ip. 

1762. Dixson, Thomas. Fort Cumberland. Letter to 
Apr. 9. John Walker. Acknowledges letters of Jan. 4 
by Capt. [David] Dickey; family matters; 
rumor of troops at Fort Cumberland about to 
be sent to the West Indies or to the Mississippi; 
refers him to Capt. [Benoni] Danks for further 
information; severity of previous winter and poor 
prospects for crops of present year. A. L. S. 2pp. 

1762. Walker, John. Fort Frederick. To Col. [William] 
Apr. Forster. Encloses monthly returns of garrison 

for February and March; sent those for Novem 
ber, December and January by a French courier 
to Fort Cumberland and hopes Forster has 
received them; reports as to accidents and 
desertions from fort; gives names of seven 
deserters and account of their capture; asks 



166 American Antiquarian Society. 

instructions as to their treatment; plenty of 
guns and ammunition at fort but small supply 
of flints. Auto. Copy Signed. 2pp. 

1762. [Tyng, John. Dunstable.] Return of Enlistments 
[May 15]. in Massachusetts Provincial Service. Return 
of men enlisted for His Majesty s service for 
the protection and security of His Majesty s 
dominions and conquests in North America. 
Roll contains names of 40 soldiers enlisted by 
Capts. Benjamin Edwards and Thomas Farring- 
ton, Lts. Ezekiel Brown, Benjamin Byram, 
[Thomas] Maxwell and Henry Woods, with 
time of enlistment and various details regarding 
men enlisting. A. D. Ip. 

1762. Hale, Robert. Chronicle of the War against the 
Oct. 30. French and Indians. This volume concludes the 

chronicle begun in Vol I, (Jul. 1, 1755-Oct. 
30, 1757) and continued in Vol. II, (Nov. 1, 
1757-Apr. 30, 1761) carrying it from May 1, 
1761 to Oct. 30, 1762. It is of the same charac 
ter as the preceding volumes already described, 
giving outlines of important legislative and 
military happenings during the period covered 
although especial emphasis is given to the 
northern and eastern fields. See entries under 
dates Oct. 30, 1757 and Apr. 30, 1761. A. D. 
32pp. 1 vol. 

1763. [Bernard, Francis.] Boston. To Tarrant Putnam. 
Mar. 1. Commission as Capt. of 3d military company 

from Sutton. D. S. John Cotton, Depy. Secy. 
On verso is signature of John Chandler and 
Edward Davis attesting to oath taken by 
Putnam. Ip. 

1763. Stone,* Joseph. Leicester. To William Henshaw. 
Oct. Receipt in full to Henshaw for money due for ser 

vices at Fort Edward in 1759. D. S. by mark. Ip. 



Additional French War Manuscripts. 167 

1766- Rogers, Robert. Journal of Proceedings with the 

1767. Indians. This manuscript furnishes an account 

Sep. 21- of the proceedings of Maj. Rogers with the 

Feb. 1. Indians in the district of " Michillimackinac " 

during the period immediately following the 

French and Indian war. The events here 

chronicled are a result of that war and should 

not be separated from it. 28 and 30pp. 



THE KEPPEL MANUSCRIPTS 

DESCRIPTIVE OF THE DEFEAT OF 

MAJOR-GENERAL EDWARD BRADDOCK. 



Additional French War Manuscripts. 17 1 

Commodore Augustus Keppel to Gov. Sir Charles Lawrence. 
Sir: SEA HORSE AT SEA July 26th ; 1755. 

I have received the favour of several different letters from 
you upon his Majesties service & was upon the point of sailing 
to your port, but first the melancholly report of the defeat 
of the Kings troops under General Braddock stop t me and 
imediatly after receiving Admiral Boscawen s orders, I am 
prevented having the pleasure of seeing you, but I must give 
you joy of your being so much more effectually guarded. 

Between the first report of the General s death & any con 
firmation of the story, there was a space of ten days which 
gave me flattering hopes that it was only report, but the day 
before yesterday, I received a confirmation of it by express 
from Wills creek, I imagine altho its a melancholly subject 
you wou d be glad of the particulars & have inclosed you a 
list of the killed and wounded, a copy of a letter from Mr. 
Orme, General Braddocks Aid de Camp, to me and a copy 
of Mr. Washingtons (who was likewise the General s Aid de 
Camp) to Governor Dinwiddie. Great blame & shame is 
laid to the charge of the private men of poor Sir Peter Halkett, 
& Col. Dunbars regiment that was upon the spot. The loss 
of the artillery is irretrievable as it enables the French to 
fortify themselves so strongly, and I fear very much the Credit 
of the British Arms among the Indians will now be lost. A 
number of unhappy circumstances will attend this defeat. 
It may effect Govr. Shirley in his attack against Niagara, as 
well as many other operations that were proposed. 

I give you joy that your expedition up the Bay has suc 
ceeded so well & I wish Sir you may always be as successful. 
I am to far off to receive your comands for England & Am Sir 

Your most Obed. & most 

humble Servant, 
To Gov. Lawrence. * A. KEPPEL. 

Endorsed: Commodore Keppel, Sea Horse at Sea July 26, 1755, 
enclosing copys of Capt. Orme s letter to Mr. Keppel, Majr. Washington s 
to Mr. Dinwidee & a list of officers at the action under Gen. Braddock 
on the Monongahela. reed, by Capt. Harrington, Aug. 11. 
See note on p. 177. 

Officers present at the Battle of Fort DuQuesne. 
A List of the Officers who were present and of those Killed 
& Wounded in the Action on the Banks of the Monongahela 
the 9th July 1755. 
Staff. 

His Excelency Edwd. Braddock Esq. Genl and Commander 
in Chief of his Maj s . Forces in North America, Died of 
his.., . .Wounds. 



172 



American Antiquarian Society. 



Robert Orme } ) Bounded 

Roger Morris > Esqs. Aids de Camp { 

\/Geo. Washington ) 

Willm. Shirley Esqr. Secretary Killed. 

Sir Jno. St. Clair Deputy Quar. Master General. .Wounded. 
Mattw. Lessley Gentn., [Lieut, serving as] Assistant 

to the Quart. Mastr. Genl Wounded 

\/Francis Halket Esqr. Major of Brigade 

44TH REGIMENT. 

Sir Peter Halket Colonel Killed. 

Lieut. Col. [Thomas] Gage Slightly Wounded. 

Captn. [Charles] Tatton Killed. 

\/[Samuel] Hobson 

\/[John] Beckworth 1 

[Capt.-Lieut. Richard] Gethins Killed. 

"\/Lieut. [Thomas] Faulkner 2 

William] Litteler 8 Wounded. 

A/[Richard] Baylie 4 

[William] Dunbar Wounded. 

\/[James] Potinger 6 

[James] Halket Killed. 

John] Treby Wounded. 

James] Allen 6 Killed. 

Subalterns. 4 [Andrew] Simpson 6 S 

Robert] Lock 6 I OT ^,, m j j 

[Ensign Daniel] Disney f Wounded - 

Quinton] Kennedy 7 j 

Robert] Townsend Killed. 

\/ William] Preston 

[Francis] Nartlow 8 Killed. 

George] Penington 8 Wounded. 

1 The name of this officer is usually given as Capt. John Beckwith, but 1 follow 
the text. Similar inaccuracies in spelling show that this list was made from no 
official report but from memory or from other than official information. 

2 Faulkner s name is often given as Falconer. He was promoted to a company 
Nov. 5, 1755. 

8 More correctly spelled Littler. 

4 This officer is sometimes confused with Alexander Baillie but is more probably 
the Richard Bailey who obtained his Lieutenancy Apr. 3, 1750. 
6 More accurately Pottinger. 

6 Lt. Simpson had been promoted from the rank of Ensign Jun. 26, 1755, and Lock 
on the 27th. Allen is here given as killed, but a James Allen was commissioned Lt. of 
the 44th on Nov. 9, 1755, and it is probable that he was but wounded at this time. 

7 Winthrop Sargent in his History of Braddock s Expedition, Philadelphia, 1855, 
gives this officer as Primrose Kennedy. 

8 Unless this be Francis Nartloo, later Ensign and Lieutenant of the 55th Foot, I 
have been unable to identify him. The name Nartlow or Nortlow does not appear 
among the officers of the 44th in the Army List of 1755. The later lists do not 
contain his name, nor would they owing to his death, but he would have been com 
missioned probably as early as Penington, who dated from Jun. 6, 1755. 



Additional French War Manuscripts. 



173 



48TH REGIMENT. 

Lieut. Col. [Ralph] Burton 9 Wounded. 

Major [William] Sparks Slightly Wounded. 

\/Captn. [Robert] Dobson 

[Robert] Chulmley Killed. 

[Richard] Bowyer ) Wounded. 

[Robert] Ross ) 

Capt. Lieut. [William] Morris 

[Lieut. Theodore] Barbut ) TTT * , 

[John] Walsham [ Wounded. 

Waterhouse] Crimble ) 

William] Wideman 10 [ Killed. 

John] Hansard ) 

Henry] Gladwin Wounded. 

\/[John] Hathorn 

[William] Edmiston Wounded. 

\/[John] Cope 

Percival] Brereton 11 ) 

;John]Hart f 

"John] Montreseur Wounded. 

\/[John] Dunbar 

vTEnsign Thomas] Harrison 12 

\/[ Joseph] Cowhart [Cowart] 

Alexander] McMulen [McMullen] ^ 

Richard] Crow > Wounded. 

Robert] Sterling ) 

ARTILLERY. 

\/Captn. Thomas] Orde 

Captn. Lieutn. [Robert] Smith Killed. 

Lieut. Francis James] Buckhanon ) 

William] McCloud [McLeod] [ Wounded. 

Patrick] McCuller ) 

ENGINEERS. 

Peter McKeller ) ^ 

Robt. Gordon > Esqrs > Wounded. 

[Adam] Williamson ) ) 



9 The Army List for 1755 gives the name Robert Burton but this is an error. 

10 In several cases spelling of names differs. Thus Wideman is better Widman, 
Hansard should be Handsard; Edmiston should be Edmoudston, etc. 

11 Brereton and Hart are given as Ensigns in the Army List for 1755, and their 
death prevents further mention. Dunbar and Montresor were commissioned Lieu 
tenants on July 3 and 4 respectively. 

12 Thomas Harrison appears to have been transferred from the 36th Regt. of Foot 
shortly before this campaign. 



174 American Antiquarian Society. 

DETACHMENT OF SAILORS. 
Lieutn. Spendelow Killed. 

^: SET 

Captn. [William] Stone of Gen. [Peregrine] Lascells 

Regement Killed. 

[Scot] Floyer of [Maj.] Gen. [Hugh] Warbur- 

tons Regement Wounded. 

INDEPENDENT COMPANIES OF NEW YORK. 

Captn. [Horatio] Gates Wounded. 

Lieutn. [Simon] Sumain Killed. 

V[Richard] Miller 

HowarthofCapt.DemarisIndept.Compy. ) w , _, 
[Robert] Gray, of the same Company . . j v 

VIRGINIA TROOPS. 

Capt. [Adam] Stevens Wounded. 

V[John] Wagoner 18 

[William] Poulson > 

Peronie [Peyroney] f 

VTRobert] Stewart 

[John] Hamilton Killed. 

\/ Henry] Woodward 

VTJohn] Wright 

Carolus Gustavus de] Splitdorff Killed. 

Walter] Stewart Wounded. 

Edmond] Wagoner Killed. 

\/ John] McNeal 

According to the most exact return we can as yet get about 
600 men killed and wounded. 
Those marked \/against their names received no hurt. 

Capt. Robert Orme to Commodore Augustus Keppel. 

Extract of a Letter from Capt. Orme (Aid de Camp to his 
late Excellency Genl. Braddock) to the Honble. Augustus 
Keppel dated at Fort Cumberland the 18th July 1755. 

At the Little Meadows a place about Twenty Miles from 
this, we found it unavoidable to alter our disposition of march, 
it being impossible to proceed with such a Train of Carriages. 
A detachment was therefore made of twelve hundred men, 
ten pieces of ordnance, ammunition and provisions calculated 



13 The spellings in this Virginia list are defective. Wagoner should be Waggoner 
in each case; Poulson is probably Poison and McNeal should be McNeill: possibly 
Hector in place of John. 



Additional French War Manuscripts. 175 

for reducing the Fort and our subsist ance. With this we 
proceeded very fast and in great spirits till about one o clock 
on the 9th Instant. The French with some Indians, the 
number of both unknown, had taken a very strong post about 
half a mile from the Banks of Monongahela; our advanced 
party, consisting of 300 men began a very irregular & confused 
attack; they were ill sustained by 200 in their rear, and the 
whole fell back upon the van of [the] main body, commanded 
by the General, whilst he was moving forward to their assist 
ance. From this time all was anarchy, no order, no discipline, 
no subordination; the General with the Officers endeavored 
to bring the men back to a sense of their duty, but all efforts 
were vain. 

This Confusion lasted about two hours and a half, and then 
the whole ran off crying the devil take the hindmost. Our 
guns, ammunition provisions and baggage remained in the 
hands of the enemy, and the General was with the greatest 
difficulty brought off being so much wounded as to be quite 
helpless. The General had five horses shot under him and 
at last received a shot through his lungs of which he died the 
13th Instant at night. His Family were prettily pickled, 
Shirley killed in the field, Morris and myself much wounded, 
Washington alone escaped tho 7 no man deserved a wound 
better, his whole Behavior being extremely gallant. Burton 
sends his compliments and is now lying by me, with an extreme 
bad wound in his hip, but it is hoped he will recover. 

Never did Officers behave so well. They got themselves 
murder d by distinguishing themselves in leading their men on. 
28 Officers are dead, 35 wounded, many of which will not 
recover, and about 600 Men Killed & Wounded according to 
the best accounts we have yet been able to get. Your Guard 
behaved very well. Spendelow & Talbot are no more, and 
if you should see Pallisser, tell him his nephew behaved par 
ticularly well, advancing with the colours and innocently 
asking if the men would not go along with him. 

I could talk to you an hour in this manner, but I am too 
weak to continue it long, but as my strength increases, I will 
write frequent and long letters. As soon as I am able, I shall 
go to Philadelphia and from thence to England. 

George Washington to Gov. Robert Dinwiddie. 

FORT CUMBERLAND, July 18, 1755. 
Honbl. Sir: 

As I am favored with an opportunity, I should think myself 
inexcusable was I to omit giving you some account of our late 
Engagement with the French on the Monongahela, the 9th 
instant. 



176 American Antiquarian Society. 

We continued our March from Fort Cumberland to Frazier s 
(which is. within 7 miles of Duquesne) without meeting any 
extraordinary event, having only a straggler or two picked 
up by the French Indians. When we came to this place, we 
were attacked (very unexpectedly) by about three hundred 
French and Indians. Our numbers consisted of about thirteen 
hundred well armed men, chiefly Regulars, who were immedi 
ately struck with such an inconceivable panick, that nothing 
but confusion and disobedience of orders prevailed among them. 
The officers in general, behaved with incomparable bravery, 
for which they greatly suffered, there being near 60 killed and 
wounded a large proportion, out of the number we had! 

The Virginia companies behaved like men and died like 
soldiers; for I believe out of three companies that were on the 
ground that day scarce thirty were left alive. Capt. Peyroney 
and all his officers down to a corporal, were killed; Captn. 
Poison had almost as hard a fate, for only one of his escaped. 
In short, the dastardly behaviour of the Regular troops (so- 
called) exposed those who were inclined to do their duty to 
almost certain death; and, at length, in despite of every effort 
to the contrary, broke and ran as sheep before hounds, leaving 
the artillery, ammunition, provisions, baggage, and, in short, 
everything a prey to the enemy. And when we endeavoured 
to rally them, in hopes of regaining the ground and what we 
had left upon it. it was with as little success as if we had attempt 
ed to have stopped the wild bears of the mountains, or rivulets 
with our feet; for they would break by, in despite of every 
effort that could be made to prevent it. 

The General [Edward Braddock] was wounded in the shoulder 
and breast, of which he died three days after; his two aids-de 
camp were both wounded, but are in a fair way of recovery; 
Colo. [Ralph] Burton and Sr John St. Clair [Sinclair] are also 
wounded, and I hope will get over it; Sir Peter Halket, with 
many other brave officers, were killed in the field. It is sup 
posed that we had three hundred or more killed; about that 
number we brought off wounded, and it is conjectured (I 
believe with much truth) that two-thirds of both received 
their shot from our own cowardly Regulars, who gathered 
themselves into a body, contrary to orders, ten or twelve 
deep, would then level, fire and shoot down the men before 
them. 

I tremble at the consequences that this defeat may have 
upon our back settlers, who, I suppose, will all leave their 
habitations unless there are proper measures taken for their 
security. 

Colo. [Thomas] Dunbar, who commands at present, intends, 
as soon as his men are recruited at this place, to continue his 



Additional French War Manuscripts. 177 

march to Philadelphia for winter quarters; consequently there 
will be no men left here, unless it is the shattered remains of 
the Virginia troops, who are totally inadequate to the pro 
tection of the frontiers.*** 

The copy of Washington s letter mentioned as an enclosure by Keppel 
is not with the letter of that officer in the collections of this Society 
but there is a contemporary copy in the Library of Congress at Wash 
ington. The copy printed above is from Ford: Writings of Washington 
I, 173. New York, 1889. 



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i 











THE ORDERLY BOOK OF 
LIEUT. WILLIAM HENSHAW. 



WILLIAM HENSHAW S 
ORDERLY & JOURNAL BOOK 

BOUGHT AT FORT EDWARD 

June thl3 - 1759: price 4/6 York Currency 
GIVEN BY COL. WILLM. HENSHAW 

TO HIS SON 

HORATIO GATES HENSHAW.- 
AND BY HORATIO G. HENSHAW 

GIVEN TO HIS DAUGHTER 

HARRIET ELIZABETH HENSHAW. 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 183 



A LIST OF CAPTAIN BALDWINS COMPANY 

Capt. Jedun. Baldwin 
Lieut Natl. Ingersol 
Lieut William Henshaw 
Ensn. Nathaniel Bond 



John Allen 
John Blunt Serjt. 
Andrew Blunt 
Isaac Bolster Serjt, 
Jona. Buck 
John Bogle 
Josiah Baldwin 
John Ballard 
Abner Blanchard 
Solomon Cummings 
John Dunkin 
Pomp Funnel 
Benja. Gar field 
Nehemiah Gale Corpl. 
Joseph Googins 
Abijah Gale 
Sippio Gates 
Saml. How Corpl. 
Silas Hooker 
James Hull 
Willrn. Hatfield 
Danl. Hovey 
Nathan Howard 
James Johnson 
Thias Johnson 
Willm. Lackey Serjt. 
Abel Levens 
Elijah Learnad 
Ebenezer Marsh 



Nathan Moore Corpll. 

Richard Moore 

Adam Martin 

Aquilla Moffit 

Joseph Moffit 

Aaron Martin 

Abel Mason 

Amariah Parks 

Ebenr. Putnam 

Jona Phillips 

Abraham Pratt 

John Rumble 

Asa Roberts 

Ichabod Robbins 

John Streeter 

Jona. Streeter 

Peter Shumway 

Zebulon Streeter 

Saml. Streeter 

Ebenr. Tucker Serjt. 

David Town 

Elijah Town 

Moses Town 

Phineas Walker 

Danl. Wyman Serjt. 

Josiah Walker 

Ebenr. Whitney 

Ephraim Watkins Corpll. 

Willm. Parkman 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 185 



THE OEDERLY BOOK OF 
LIEUT. WILLIAM HENSHAW. 



Regimental Orders Worcester May th.Q, 1759 

That all the troops belonging to General Ruggles Regi 
ment that have past Muster by the Regular Genl. Muster 
Master to gett themselves Ready to March to Morrow Morn 
ing by Sun rise; the Capts. are to make a Victualling 
Return Immediately to the Adjutant for four days 
provision, & to Receive the same, so as to have all 
things Ready to March to Morrow morning the Capts. 
will apply to Colo. John Chandler for Carriages for 
there men Capts Baldwin Reed & [Ebenezer] Cox two 
Carrages, Capts [John] Nixon [Abijah] Willard & [Job] 
Williams two, Capt [Leonard] Whiting 1 one, Capt. [Samuel 
Clark] Paine one, Capt Furnace one, Capt Mainor one 
& Capt [Leonard] Butterfield one; it is Expected 
they See their Carriages ready this day so as to load 
them by Day Break to Morrow morning J[oseph] Ingersol, 
L. Colo. 

Thursday May 10-1759 Set out from Leicester. Stopt 
at [Thomas] Sergeants pd the Billeting Roll 14-8-6 
Sterling; bought an Old horse, 4 Dollars, went to B[rother 
Samuel] Denny s & Lodged F[air] W[eather]. 2 



1 After the union of the forces from Connecticut and Rhode Island with those 
from Massachusetts, there appear to have been two other Captain Whitings in this 
expedition: Capt. John Whiting of Rhode Island, Capt. Charles Whiting of Con 
necticut, and later a Col. Nathan Whiting also of Connecticut. Capt. Leonard Whiting 
was, however, more closely connected with Henshaw at all times. 

2 Whenever possible the given names of persons are supplied at the time of their 
first mention. In case of a second mention, the first name has rarely been inserted. 
Following the same rule it has been considered unnecessary to explain these single 
letter notes as to weather conditions in further instances. 



186 American Antiquarian Society. 

Fryday. 11. Set out. F. W. Stopt at [Benjamin?] 
Flags & Overtook the Company. Went to [Benjamin] 
Reeds at Weston & Lodg d. - 30/ 3 

Saturday May 12. Cloudy set out Went to Spring 
field Village & Lodgd at Mr. [Moses] Blis s 

13 Sabbath Day Stayed in the Village at Mr. [Luke] 
Hitchcocks Went to Meeting heard Mr Merrick; 4 Lodg d 
here 20 / 

14 Monday Set out Went in to Sprg d Town Stopt 
& Sup d at [Cornelius] Jones in Springfield Town 10/ 

15 Tuesday Made the Muster Roll. Staid here all Day 
at Mr. Jones 15/ 

16 Wednesday Muster d at 4 Clock in Afternoon set 
out Went to Westfield Lod g at Deacon [Eldad] Taylor s - 
15/ 

17 Thursday Set out Left a Man Sick on the Mountains, 
Jona Phillip. Went into Glasgow Lodg d at Mr. Mortons 
10/ 

18 Fryday Rainy Set out through the Green Woods at 
10 Clock Lodg d at Shaddocks at No. 1 15/ 

19 Saturday Staid here all Day & Lodg d 30/ 

20 Sabbath FW: Set out Stop d at Sheffield Meeting 
heard a Sermon, provided a Team to Forward our Baggage 
to Green Bush, Lodg d at a private house 10/ 

21 Monday F. W. Set out from Sheffield. Stopd in 
the Contending lands, Stopt at [Daniel] Love joys in the 
Land of Contention Heard the News of Capt. [Abijah] 
Burbanks being taken with a scouting party of about 30 
Men at the Narrows by the Indians. Stop d at [Thomas] 
Ingersols Esqr. Stop d at Christian Rays in Spencer Town 



8 This sign is used to denote shilling?, possibly as a simpler form for the script f. 
Similar entries will be found noting the writer s expense account on various days. 

4 This is probably John Merrick. The regular pastor of the Church at Springfield 
at the time was Rev. Robert Breck. 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 187 

& Lodg d 14 Mes. from Sheffield. Spencer Alias Clave rick 
alias land of Contention IS/ 

22 Tuesday F W: Set out-Stopt at Stone house, from 
thence into Kenderkook Lodg d by the Meeting house 22/6 

23 Wednesday Do: Set out & Stopt at the half way 
house 12 M. thence into Green Bush & Lodg d at Justice 
[Ezra] Taylor Sutler in G Bush 15/ 

24 Thursday Stay d at Green Bush & Din d at Capt. 
[William] Dowes. 6/ then Set out in Battoes & Crossed 
the River into Albany Draw d Tents & provision En- 
camp d on the Hill 100 Rods from the City Lost my Cape 
brought from home. 

25 Fryday Do. Orders for Fatigue : some to pick Oakum 
others to clear the parade to Encamp on. Serjt. [William] 
Lackey taken up for Desertion. Went & Lodg d at Capt. 
[Philip] Lansings 10/ 

Albany May 24th, 1759 - Parole Liverpool - 

The Order for Desertion to be read to ye 5 Provincials for 
which Purpose, the Commanding Officer of ye Royal Regt. 
will have their Men Under Arms & Read the same to them 
& to assure the Men that ye Genii, is Determined riot to par 
don any one Deserter from any of the Troops During the 
Campaign; as he is to Reward the Men to ye Utmost of his 
Power when their good Behaviour Deserve it - 

Camp Near Albany 25th. May 1759 - Parole Glascow - 

Rhode Island Regt. to be Ready to March at ye Least 
Notice, Surgeon [John] McColm of the Royal to attend the 
Hospital at Fort Edward & Mr. [Edward] Bray mate of 
the Hospital to do Duty with ye Royal as a Surgeon; the 
Massachusetts Troops to furnish out Twenty five Teamsters, 
that they may be sent Immediately to Colo. [John] Brad- 
street - a Working party of a Hund. Men with 2 Sub[altern]s, 

6 The y in this word and in following cases is, of course, the old Saxon character 
for th and is retained in the printed text as the nearest equivalent to that character. 

It will be noticed that at this point the Orderly Book really begins. Before this 
there has been merely a Journal found hereafter in the secondary entry for the day. 



188 American Antiquarian Society. 

2 serjts. 2 Corplls. ye 1st Battn. to find One Sub One Serjt. 
one Corpll. & 60 Privates - 

25 May 1759 FW. [John] Bogle went to Oxford for Serjt. 
Lackey s Discharge Encamp d in Regular Order Swap d 
Sword & Buckles with Capt Paine. I had 2 & J Dolls, between 
Buckles; & 12 & J Dolls. Between Swords to Boot 22/6 

Camp Albany Hill: 26 May - 1759 - Parole Guernsey - 

The Provential Regts. to be Very Exact when they send 
any Man to ye Kings Hospital that they Have proper Cer 
tificates of their Names, Regt. & Compy. Sign d by an 
Officer of ye Comp: Specify g the Regt. they Belong to- 
As Waggons are now Wanted for the service of ye Troops, 
all Sutlers, Merchts. &c. are to Have passes to Follow ye 
Army [and] they are for ye Future to make Use of Only 
Ox Carts in the same Manner as Regimental Sutlers - Orders 
have Been sent to the Different Posts to stop all Waggons. 
Officers are to pay for any Horses they Press when their 
Duty Requires it; those of ye Regt. are to Apply to ye Ma jr. 
of Brigade, the Artillery to their Own Commanding Officer, 
the Engineer to ye Chief Engineer, ye Hospital to ye Director 
of ye Hospital for ye Payments of which, Accompts. are to 
be laid before ye Commander in Chief to Allow ye same if 
Reasonable. Officers not to Neglect Giving Proper Certi 
ficates to ye Drivers of Carts Employed to Carry Baggage 
for ye Troops Mentioning the time they have been Employ d, 
Complaint having been Made Heretofore of their Omission : - 
the Genii. Court Martial [of which] Colo. [James] Grant is 
Pressident to set again to Morrow Morng. at 8 Clock - Bag 
gage & Forage Money to be paid to ye Sevrll. Regt. Imme 
diately - As ye Provincials Arive, ye Commanding Officers are 
to Apply to Mr. Lake 6 for Provisions that they may be Enabled 
when ye Whole of Each Regt. Arive so to proportion ye Deliv 
ery of Provision thatt hey may all Receive to ye same Day - 
an Officer & 25 Men of ye Royal Highland Regt with a Weeks 
Provision to be sent to the Widow McGinnesses House to 
Protect that Settlement, - 2 Subs. 2 serjts. 2 Corpll. & 100 



6 Robert Leake Commissary at Albany. See p. 161. 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 189 

Privates of Colo. Ruggles Regt for Work to Morrow at 
6 Clock; 2 Serjts. 2 Corpll. & 24 Men for ye Town Guard. 

27 of May - 1759 Do. Went to the English Church in 
Forenoon - Carried J[eduthan] Baldwin to the Grand Hos 
pital, in Aftern Wrote a Letter home No 1 post pay, 2/ 

Camp on Albany Hill 28th May - 1759 - Parole Massac - 

The Following Detacht. to be made of ye Following Troops > 
they are to be proper Men for ye Battoe Service - 

C 7 S S Privates 

145 120 Massachusets 

2 7 10 240 Connecticut 

1 3 4 140 New Jersey 

1 1 2 54 Rhode Island 

This Detachment is to Parade to Morrow Morng. at 5 
Clock on ye Right of ye Rhode Island Troops & wait till 
Major [Alexander] Moneypenny see them March off. They 
are to take their Arms, A Proportion of Camp Necessaries 
and as many Days Provision at they have Reed .-Waggons 
will be Allowed 8 -for ye Connecticut Troops -2 for ye 
Massachusets - 2 for N Jersey & 1 for Rhode Island troops, 
for Carrying Victuals, 8 for sending to Lieut. [George] Coventry 
DQM Genii. 8 this Detacht Perhaps to Remain out some 
Months & ye Officers & Men when Employed as Battoe 
Men will be paid as in the Orders of the 23d. May; this 
Detachment to March to Morrow Morng. to Schenactada; 
an Officer of Each Core will go Forward when ye Detacht 
Marches & Apply to Capt. [Allen] Me Clean at Schenactada 
who has Orders to Mark out their Encampmt. The Com 
manding Officer of Each Core will Receive Particular Orders 
when they will March from thence; all ye Provenll. Troops 
are to Provide themselves Immediately with Everything 
they want to Carry with them that the Men be ready to 
March at the Least Notice - 



7 The abbreviations are for Commissioned Officers, Subalterns and Sergeants. They 
occur frequently in the manuscript text of the volume. 

8 No number is given but four wagons appear to have been the Connecticut allot 
ment, with one for food and one for Lieut. Coventry. 



190 American Antiquarian Society. 

Albany May th28-1759 Monday Showry I Went on 
Fatigue Clearg Lands, News that 3 Men Kill d & two 
Wounded between Albany & Senactada View d the Kings 
Garden on the Island a Highland [er] Whip d 300 L[ashes;] 

5 of Our Compy. Draw d out for Battoing. 

May 28th After Orders - The Genl. Court Martial of wch. 
Colo. Grant is Pressident is Dissolved The Genii has 
Allow d ye Following Sentences of ye Genl. Court Martial: 
Jno Holden in Capt. [Thomas] Burkets Compy in R Island 
Regt is to Receive 1000 Lashes with a Cat of Nine Tails, 
Wm Gray Soldier in Wallis s 9 Compy. in ye Royal Regt. 
Being Accused of Death of Jno Me Clean in sd. Compy. is 
found not Guilty of Wilful Murder & is Acquitted, Malcolm 
Me Daniel Soldier in Capt. [Charles] Grahams Compy. of 
ye R H Regt Accused of being Accesary to ye Death of 
Peter Canada is found not Guilty of Wilful Murder & is 
Acquitted. David Roggers Corpl in Capt. Ross s [Samuel 
Rose s] Compy. of ye R. Island Regt Found Guilty of 
Desertion Laid to his charge & is to suffer Death: Samll. 
Harris Soldier in ye R. Island Regt. & in Colo. [Henry] 
Babcocks Compy found Guilty of Desertion Laid to his 
Charge & is to Suffer Death, Peter McMartin soldier in Colo. 
10 Regt found Guilty of Desertion Laid to his Charge 

6 is to suffer Death - 

The R[oyal] Highland] Regt. Massachusets, New Jersey, 
Connecticut, & R[hode] Island Troops to be Out to Morrow 
Morng. at 5 Clock. Leaving Proper Guards with care of 
ye Camp [they] are to March Immediatly to ye Ground 
that will be Markt out for them by the Q. Master of ye 
Highland Regt at 6 Clock this Evening, for wch. purpose 
a Quar Master of Each of ye Provencial Regts. will attend. 
The Troops are to be Drawn up, the Highlanders on ye 
Right the Massachusets & Connecticut on ye Left of the 
R. H. Regt - New Jersey on the Right of the Massachusets, 
R. Island in ye Center -the Detachment Order d for 
Schenactada is not to March till the Execution is over & 



"This is probably a mis-statement for Capt. James Wall s company. 
10 The name of the Colonel is omitted in the text. 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 191 

is to be Drawn up on the Left of the Massachusets Troops. 
They will afterwards March & where the Majr. of Brigade 
Moneypenny will Direct them. A Platoon of ye R Island 
Regt. to be Drawn up on ye Front of those Regts. [and] 
to be Loaded with Ball Ready for ye Execution; the Provost 
Guard to March the Prisoners David Rogers & Samll. 
Harris at 6 Clock to Morrow Morng. from ye Prison to ye 
Right of ye Line & in ye Front of the Center to where the 
Execution is. A Chaplain to Attend on ye Prisoner. Colo. 
Grant, Colo, of ye Day for to Morrow, Brigadeer [Genl. 
Thomas] Gage to Command the Whole. 

Tuesday Albany 2Qth of May 1759 

Regimental Orders for the 1st Battalion of Brigr. Ruggells 
Regt. -That a Return of Each Compy. be made of what 
arms & Accoutrt are wanting to Compleat the Regiment; 
Likewise that a Victualling Return be made Immediately - 
that the place of Cooking be on the Side of the Hill & no 
where Else (Excepting Officers) - That the Men Attend every 
Eveng. at the Beating the Retreat & that an Officer from 
Each Compy Likewise Attend the Same at Roll call- 

Orders th29 May - Parole Amsterdam. All the proven- 
tials Regts. to be drawn up Without Arms in the Front of 
their several Encampments at lClock - the Commanding 
Officer to have Returns Ready of their Numbers Now hear 
& of those they Expect to Joyn them which they will give 
to the Genii. - 

Any Soldier that is found out of Camp after Retreat 
Beating will be severely punished - 

29 Raw Cold Paraded the Men at 5 Clock in Morng. 
to See two Men Shot. [Samuel] Harris was Shot Dead- 
[David] Rogers was pardon d. Paraded at 1 Clock to be 
Viewd. Bot. a pair of pumps 4-10 15/ 

Camp on Albany Hill 3oth May 1759 

Regimental Orders for the 1st. Battalion of Brigr. Ruggels 
Regiment - It is Expected that no Capt. or Subaltern are 
out of Camp Excepting [they] leave Word where they shall 



192 American Antiquarian Society. 

be found, on any pretence whatever - It is further Expected 
that Every Capt. see that Everyman in their Respective 
Compy. be Acquipt with Arms & Accoutrement without 
any Delay - And to have every thing Ready to March at 
a Moments Warning As I Expect Orders to March Every 
Moment. - 1 Expect these Orders be strickly Obey d 

Joseph Ingersol Lt Colo. 

Parole Albany - The Rhode Island Regiment to March 
to Morrow to F[ort] Edward; they will strike there Tents 
at 5 Clock; there Baggage will go by Water; they will apply 
to Colo. Bradstreet for that purpose; they will take with 
them 20 Battoes Loaded with provision which they are to 
load this Evening, the Regt to be Compleated with 6 Days 
provision - A Detachment of 200 Men are to take Battoes 
this Afternoon at 4 Clock which they will load to Morrow 
Morning at 5 Clock & proceed with them to half Moon 
where they will Deliver them to the Commanding Officer 
& then Return in Scows if there be any their to Albany - 

For this Detachment : 

Capt Subs Serjt. R File 

N Jersey 14 4 100 

Massachust. 12 3 80 

Connecticut 2 2 50 

th30 May Wednesday - Election 1759 - Mr. Louder from 
Boston brought a packet. Reed. 4 Tents for the Officers 
Bought a Fryg. pan 30/ 

Camp on Albany hill 3ist of May 

1st Battalion Orders -That the Capt. or Commanding 
Officers of Companies see that the Balls fit the Mens Guns 
so that they run down the Barrels & to have Every thing 
Ready to March to Morrow morning by 5 Clock. Those 
that have not got Cartridges boxes must break their Cart 
ridges & put there powder into there horns - It is Further 
Expected that all the mens arms are Clean & in good Order - 
An Officer from Each Compa. to see it Done as soon as may 
be - the Commanding Officers of Each Compa. to give in 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 193 

a Return of all their Effective Able Men to the Adjutant 
Immediately - 

Jos. Ingersol: Lt. Colo. 

A Regimental Court Martial to be held at 9 Clock this 
Morning For the Tryal of John Williams, Henry Moncel, 
Elias Peters & Levi Doricke for theft 

Capt [John] Nixon Pressident 
Lt. [John] Worthington ^| 

Lt Coburn [John Cockburne] ! AT , 

T>. . T T f Members 

Lt. David Joy 

Ensn. [Daniel] Wheeler J 

Parole Somerset - Genii. Orders All the guards of the 
Royal Highlnd Regt. to be Relieved by the Connecticut 
Troops & they to March to Morrow Morning at 5 Clock 
to the Half Moon where they will take the Artillery under 
their Care & Escort the same to F. Edward - one Waggon 
for a Company, one for the Commandg. Officer & one for 
the Staffs be Allow d - The Regt. to take 6 Days provision 
the W T omen be Allow d 4d pr Day in Lieu of provision which 
will be paid On Applying to Lieut Coventry as D. Q. M. G.- 
The Massachusetts Troops to take up 80 Battoes with them 
at 3 Clock Loading them with provision Reserving 6 for the 
tents & Baggage - which they will load to Morrow at 5 Clock 
& proceed to F Edward. They are to take 9 Days provision 
with them -Colo. Ruggels will leave Careful Officers here 
to bring up those he Expects to Join him-Majr. Dod to put 
the Artillery & Stores into Scows this Evening which are 
to Proceed to Half Moon & be Escorted to Fort Edward: 
the Regt. of Colo. [Phineas] Lyman, [Eleazer] Fitch & 
Schyler [Peter Schuyler] 11 to be ready to March at the First 
Notice Colo. Lyman & Fitch will Leave proper Officers 
hear to bring up the Men which are Left here - 

Camp at Albany May 3ith 1759 Each Officer Command 
ing a Compy. to Return their Sick who are unable to March 
into the Kings Hospitals Taking Great care that the Genlls. 

11 This is clearly Col. Peter Schuyler of New Jersey although at other places in 
the text Col. Philip Schuyler of New York may be intended. 



194 American Antiquarian Society. 

Orders are Observ d Respecting the leaving Certificates. 
A Commission Officer to be in every Battoe to take care 
that no Damage be Done or Disorder Committed - A Serjt. 

I Corpl. 12 privates for a Guard near the Battoes this Night. 
The tents to be struck & Remov d on Board the Battoes 
to Morrow Morning by Sun rise - A Serjt. Commanding the 
guard to Reserve for the Tents & Officers Baggage a Battoe. 
A Daily Return [to be made] of the State of the Mens Arms 

Timothy Ruggles 

31 of May 1759 F W Thursday Reed our Guns [and] 
Ammunition, Reed of Capt Saml. Clarke Paine 6 Dolls, 
in part. Left in Green Bush with Capt [William] Dowes a 
Coat Jacket & Breeches Sword & Belt 3 Strops Tobacco 
& buckle Brush - all Except the Sword in Majr [John] Hawks 
Chest at Capt Dowes Sent home a Letter No 2 by Benja 
Richardson 

Fryday i of June Rainy. Struck our tents by 5 Clock 
Wrote to B[rother] Benja by Justice Taylor of Middletown, 
Went on Board the Battoes & Set sail. Carried 20 Barrels 
in Each Battoe Went a shore at half Moon & Encamped 

II Miles from Albany 22/ 

2 Do. Saturday Set out at 6 Clock Very hard going 
up the Rifts. Ariv at Capt. [William] Lamsons at the 
3 Mile house in the Rifts Pitched Tents - 9/ 

3 Do. Sabbath Set out Made an Attempt to go up the 
Rifts but In Vain Came Down stream Unloaded the Chest 
& Set out & Landed at Still Water Left my Knife at the 
Sutlers Came to Still Water & Encamp d 13 Miles from 
half moon 14/ 

4 Monday A pleasant Day, Nothing Remarkable 
Encamp d at Saratoga 12 Miles from Still water 15/ 
In Pro Cu 12 

5 Tuesday went over the Falls & Loaded Went to Fort 
Miller Unloaded Draw d our Battoes by Land J Mile 
Loaded J n Poor Whip d 23L. for Impudence Arrivd 

12 In Pro Cu. In provincial currency. 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 195 

at F Edward at 7 Clock 25/ 14 M. from Saratoga - 
paraded. Call d up to Mount guard - 

Fort Edward Wednesday th6 of June 1759 - 
- Parole Guadalope - 

Lieutenant Colonel [Beverly] Robinson will mark out the 
Ground for Encamping to Morrow morning at 5 Clock that 
the Regts. may take up the ground as they Arrive The 
Regiments are to Camp - the first Brigd. the Royal on the 
Right, Iniskilling [or 27th regiment] on the Left, [John] 
Prideaux in the Center; 2d Brigd. [John] Forbes on the Left, 
Ro}^al Highlands on the Right, Mongomery [Alexander 
Montgomery s Highlanders] in ye Center. The Grenadiers 
& light Infantry will form 2 Battalions apart & will be 
posted from Right to Left by Seniority of Regiments - 

A Camp will be Marked for those Corpes & the Companies 
will March to the Camps as they Arrive. The Proventials 
are to be Encampt - the Massachusets on the left, Jerseys 
on the Left, [Center?] N Hampshire on the Right, the Massa 
chusets & Connecticut on the Left of the Jerseys, Rhode Islands 
on the Left of Connecticut s, this is the Order of Battle for 
the Troops - They may be Altered in their Camp according 
to the Situation of the ground - the Houses of Officers to be 
made in the Front as the Deputy Q Master General shall 
Direct - All Beatings to be Taken from the Right to the Left - 
the Pick[et] is to turn out at the Retreats Beating the 
Arms to be Examined & the men of the Picquet are to lye 
in the Front Tents that they may be ready to turn at any 
time at a moments Notice - a Serjt. & 16 men of the Royal 
Highlands to take the Grenadiers guard - 

6 Wednesday Released the Guard View d the Works 
at F Edward. [John] Bogle came up with Lakes Discharge 
24/ 

Thursday June th7 - 1759 Parole Prideaux - 

The Regs, are not to change their Encampment until the 
Ground is quite dry - The Regs, at there Arrival are to give 
in a Return to what time they have Reed. Provision that 
the particular time for the Delivery of Each Corps may 



196 American Antiquarian Society. 

be hereafter Regulated. It Having been Reported to me 
by the Comissary that it [there?] has been a Waste & as 
the Daily Allowance of Each man as Followeth is Sufficient - 
If any have been Drawn for & Expected more then the 
Allowance, they must make it good in having the Overplus 
Deducted in the Allowance they are hereafter to Receive - 
The Regs, are to take for there Effectives Only. The 
Commandg. Officers are to Certify the Number of these of 
there Respective Companies on the Issuing the Provision, 
& the Officer Commandg. Regt. to Examine & be Answerable 
that the Whole is Just - Spruce Beer will soon be Brew d 
it is hop d Sufficient for the Whole & will cost the Men but 
a Very Moderate price - 

7 Thursy. Cold Rain all Day Kept Close to my Tent No 
news only a No. of French & Indians at the Lake a Searching 
for Cannon balls, Ammunition which our people Hid last Year. 

Fort Edward Fryday th8 of June - Parole Falmouth - 

Field Officer for Picquet this day Lt. Colo. Salsonstall 
[Richard Saltonstall,] for to Morrow Lt. Colo. Ingersol- 
The Field Officer Will go the Rounds as Usual & Report 
to the D Q M G Before Orderly time - 1 Sub & 30 Men for 
the Genl. guard- No men [to] go beyond the Gentries of 
the Blockhouses upon any Account Whatever Except 
when sent out with a Covering party A Serjt. & 12 Men 
to mount guard at Each of the Provision sheds 1 Subn. 
& 30 Men as a guard over the Battoes the Regt. to change 
their Encampments at 1 Clock - 

8 E[ast] W[ind] Went to the R Encampments at the 
Falls our Men a Cleaning & Discharging their Guns 
Alarum d us at the Forts. Orders to stand to your Arms 
our Regt was Draw d up in 3 Mins. in a few Mins. 1000 
G Dischar d Sent to the Genl for Orders to follow sent 
word that it was our men firing by his leave 

Camp at F Edward pth of June - Parole Plymouth - 

Field Officer for the picquet this Day Lt. Colo. Ingersol 
for to Morrow Majr. Grayham [Gordon Graham] - A Detach 
ment of the Royals in Garrison to Encamp at 5 Clock this 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 197 

Afternoon On the Left of the light Infantry of the Royal 
Highland Regiment Which is the Ground the Royal Regt 
is to Encamp on -All Sutlers who have passes & are not 
attached to any Regt. are to be Encamp d together on the 
ground the D Q M G will mark out this day at 1 Clock 
which ground is to be the Centre of the Army & the Market 
to be Kept there for Selling whatever the Sutlers shall bring 
for the Support of the Camp -The Provost guards shall 
Encamp around them to keep good Order no lights are 
Suffered at Night; None of the Soldiers are allowed or Per 
mitted to be there after the Retreats Beating; the Sutlers 
are to Encamp on this ground at 4 Clock this day & none 
permitted to stay on the Glasssees [Glacis] of the Fort ; the 
light Infantry of the Royal Highland Regt is to Fire Ball to 
Morrow morng. at 6 Clock near the Royal Block house on 
the other Side of the River the Camps not to be Alarm d - 
The Subn. Guard over the Battoes to be taken of & 2 
Guards to be plac d in Lieu thereof - A Serjt & 15 Men on 
this Side of the River- It is a standing Order that no Drop 
ping Shots be Made or Fired. Whenever there is a Firelock 
that will not Draw a Report is to be made therof that they 
may be Collected together & Fired off when the Camps are 
Advertized of it that there may be no Unnecessary alarm - 
the Indians to be particularly Acquainted with these Orders 
which if they Disobey they will be severely punished - 

9th of June Saturday - Fair & P. Last Night a Frost 
this day Clearing; the parade & Encamp d in Regular 
Order 10/ 

Camp at F Edward loth June Sabbath - Parole Gersey - 

Field Officer for the Picquet this Night Major Graham 
for to Morrow Majr. Crombwell Colo, for the Day Colo. 
[James] Grant - All Reports from the First Officer of the Pic 
quet & Extraordinary s that may happen in Camp are to be 
made to the Colo of the Day who will Report at Orderly 
time to the Commander in Chief - all Guards are to turn out 
to the Colo, of the Day General Officers guard Excepted - 
he will go the Rounds to see & Visit all Guards & Outposts 
To see if the Whole [be] Alert, & Inform the Colo, who Relieves 



198 American Antiquarian Society. 

him of the several Guards & outposts & times he Visited 
them - Divine Service to be performed Every Sunday at 
the head of the Regiments -A General Court Martial to 
Set ToMorrow Morning at 8 Clock to try such prisoners as 
are Under the provost Guard - all Evidences must attend - 
President for sd. Court Colo. Montgomery.] Lt Colo. 
Ingersol, Majr. Ball, 1 Capt. of the Royals, 2 Capts. Each from 
the Royal Highlands, Pruddocks 13 & Montgomery- 2 from the 
Massachusets 1 from Rhode Island [to be] Members; Lt. Genl. 
George Burton of the Royal [to be] Deputy Judge Advocate 
to whom the Members Names & Dates of their Commission - 
& Evidence s Names are to be sent at 6 Clock this After 
noon - A Marker to be posted at the Centre of the Line where 
the Court Martial will Assemble & a Serjt. & 12 Men of 
Montgomerys. Regt. to Serve as a Guard while the Court 
Martial is Sitting - Royal Highlands in Montgomerys Regt. 
To send as many Men This Afternoon at 4 Clock as is 
Necessary to Clear the Ground where the light Infantry 
is to Encamp - Lieut Colo. Robinson will take them to the 
Ground -they will Rece. Axes & Apply to the store Keeper 
in ye Fort who will attend them, which they will Return 
when the Work is Finis d; the Serjt Guard over the Battoes 
on ye Island to be Reduced to a Corpl. & Six Men. As by 
Order of the 7th. Inst. Spruce Beer will be Brew d for the 
Army it is not Intended to hinder any People from Bruing 
Small Beer - All Sutlers are to keep Bruing Whatever they 
have a Mind to - The Genl. guard Artillery Magazine Pro 
vost & Battoe Guards are to be Relieved every 18 hours. 

10 of June Sunday Fair 1759 The two Battalions of 
Colo Rugg 8 Regt. (Except few to Keep tents) to go to F 
Miller for provisions, Went over the Island at 10 Clock 
Returnd; the Neat scow [became] full [and] sunk, the Men 
sav d Clearing Parade this Afternoon The scows Returnd 
from Fort Miller 8 Ms. from F Edwd. [Joseph] Charles 
11/3 

11 Monday Do. The Men Clearing Parade[ground] 
Drawing of Logs, Clearing a Road to the Blockhouse, 

18 Probably John Prideaux, the error in spelling being a natural one. 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 199 

Wrote a Letter home No. 3 by Doct. [George] Young. 

No News 

12 Tuesday Wet Nothing Remarkable, our Men a 
Diging & Clearing of Stumps Wrote home No. 4 by Doct. 
Young- 14 

13 of June Wednesday - Rhode I[sland] Man Whip d 
400 L[ashes.] In the Afternoon Draw d Lots to go to 
F[ort] E[dward] to keep it 220 of the Massachusets Forces 
[and] 90 of the Jersey Blues Station d there; 200 of the bay 
Men sent to half Way Brook 150 Gone to Battoeing 25 a 
Teaming about 300 in Camp & 600 Invalids not yet Join d- 

14 Thursday. Do. Draw d a List of Our Men in F E 15 
two R I Men Whip d one 1000 the other 500 Lashes, bot. 
2 Ib of Brown Sugar -IS/ 

Parole Norfolk F E-dd June thu, 1759 

Colo, for ye Day Colo. Grant, for toMorrow Colo Schuyler- 
Field Officer of ye Picquet Major Kimball, for to Morrow 
Lt Colo. [Samuel] Hunt. Each Regt will make a path to 
their Front for their Picquet to Advance when anything 
may be Extraory. The Genl. will shew the Commanding 
Officer where he would have those Picquets Advance to 
& in Case of any Alarm in ye Night No Regt. on any Acco nt 
Whatever to fire a Shot from ye Lines but ye Picquet will 
be Order d out & will be Supported. Spruce Beer will be 
Brew d for ye Health & Conveniency of ye Troops which 
will be sold at ye prime Cost 5 quarts of Molasses will be 
put into Each Barrl of Spruce Beer. Each Gallo. will 
Cost near 3 Coppers, the Q Mastr. of ye Regts Regulars & 
provincials is to give Notice this Evening to Lt Colo. Rober- 
son [Beverly Robinson] of ye Quantity Each Corps is Desir 
ous to Receive for which they are to give Receipts & to 
pay ye Money before ye Regt. March s. - Each Regt. to send 
a Man Acquainted with the Brewing, or that is Best Capable 
of Assisting ye Brewer, to Brewing to Morrow Morng. at 

14 This letter is acknowledged as of Junt 13. See reply of David Heushaw dated 
June 23. Ante p. 153. 

16 See Whiting, Leonard. Detachment at Fort Edward. Ante p. 152. 



200 American Antiquarian Society. 

6 Clock at ye Rivalock at ye Left on Mongomerys. These 
Men are to Remain & to be paid at ye Rate of One shillg. 
& 6 pence p Day Currency; aSerjt. of ye Regulars & of the 
Provincials to Superintend the Brewing Who will be paid 
at the same Rate. Spruce Beer will be Deliver d to ye 
Regts. on Thursday Evening or Friday Morng. - To Morrow 
Morng. 1 Sub[altern] 1 Serjt. 3 Corpll. 32 Men to Mount 
a Guard on ye Island. He will Detach a Corpl. & 6 Men to 
take Care of ye Battoes & a Corpl. & 6 Men to take Care 
of ye Whale Boats this Guard to be Releiv d every 48 
hours : ye Whole to take there Tents & Provision with them 
& ye Guards at ye Island to Come of at Orderly times at 
10 Clock in ye Morng. & ye Adjutant to attend at 6 in the 
Evening forever After Orders these may be the GenL guard 
to Morrow -Colo. Montgomerys ye Picquet & out Guards 
to Load with Roustring Ball that there may be no Waste 
of Ammunition Every Officer of Guards to take Care this 
Order is Fulfilled. 16 

Fort Edward June thi4, 1759 Parole Lancaster - 

Field Officer of the Day to Morrow Colo. Montgomery - 
Capt. for the Day Capt. [Job] Williams. An Officer to Visit 
the Barracks to see that the Men keep them Clean & that 
they Sweep under their Beds & that they Report it to the 
Officer of the Day & to Examine the Buckets of the Well 
& Report them - The Officer of the Guard to go his Rounds 
at the Dawn of the Day & if any of the Gentries be found 
asleep, Confine him Immediat 7 . or be Absent from there 
post find them out & Confine them - No Fires to be Suffered 
in the Mens Barracks but to Cook there Victuals the Officer 
of the Guards to Visit the Mens Rooms to see that there 
Fires are put out at the Tattoes Beating - No Dirt or Nasti- 
ness to be thrown out in the Fort. ***** ^he Com 
manding Officer of the Guard to see that these Orders are 
Strickly Comply d with & that all Orders Relating to the 
Men are Read to them that None can plead Ignorance - 



16 This entry is succeeded by two blank pages. The difference in dates suggests 
that Lt. Henshaw expected further news or orders for these two days than are 
given on p. 198 and reserved a place for them. 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 201 

He hath Determd to punish the first Man that is found 
guilty with the Utmost Severity -the Capt. of the Guards 
to go his Rounds any time betwixt the hours of 10 and 12 
at Night. 

Evening Orders: Capt. for the Day to Morrow Capt. 
Whiting -to Visit the Barracks Lt. [Elias] Dayton. For 
Guard to Morrow Lt. Gibs, [Joshua Gibbs] & Lieut [Amos] 
Styles -3 Serjts. 6 Corpll. & 72 Privates- 
Fort Edward June this - 1759 Parole Sussex: 

Field Officer for the Picquet Lt. Colo. Ingersol-For 
Guard to-Morrow Lieut Henshaw & Ensn. [Elijah] 
Baker - Capt. of the Day to Morrow Capt. [Zephaniah] 
Luse- To Visit the Barrs. toMorrow Massachusets 3 Serjts 
4 Corpls. 52 Privates - Jersey Blues 1 Serjt. 2 Corpls. & 
20 privates. 

15 Friday Do. 3 Regs, of Highlands March d to the 
Lake - 200 of Invalids Join d us - 

16 Fort Edward June thi6 1759 Parole Boston: 

Eveng. Orders For Guard to Morrow Lt. Dayton & Ensri. 
Force - Capt. for the day to Morrow Capt. Whiting to Visit 
the Barracks Lt. Gibbs for Guards 2 Serjts. 3 Corpls. & 
52 privates 

16 Saturday F W - Went to the Camps to see a Man 
shot; but he was Reprieved after the Cap was pulFd over 
his Eyes. At 9 Clock went with a Guard to the Royal 
Block house 

Fort Edward June i7th. 1759 Parole London - 

Capt of the Day to Morrow Capt Whiting - For Guard to 
Morrow Lt. Gibbs & Lt. Scot [Charles Scott] - to Visit the 
Barracks Ensn. Freeman. A Court Martial to sett to morrow 
Morning at 10 Clock: President Capt. [Zephaniah] Luses. 
(Lt. [John] Cambell Lt Dayton Ensign Gordon & Ensn. 
Freeman Members.) The Prisoners to be Acquainted and 
all Evidences to Attend - 



202 , American Antiquarian Society. 

17 Sunday Relievd at the R Blockhouse Went to the 
Fort Rainy Weather Nothing Extraordinary 

Fort Edward June i8th - 1759 Parole Westminster - 

Capt of the Day to Morrow Capt Luse. For Guard Lt 
Styles & Ensn. Freeman - To Visit the Barracks Lt. Henshaw. 
For Guard 2 Serjt. 3 Corpls. & 52 Privates 

18 Monday F. The 1st Battalion set out at 5 Clock 
for half Way Brook. Extream hard Rain at Night when 

1 was in Colo Ruggles Tent - Bought of Mr Forsey 

York Currency. 

A Tea pot 8 = 

Ib of Tea @ 12/6 pound 6 = 3 

2 Ib of Sugar @ 1/6 pound 3 = 

3 Cups & Sawcers 2 = 6 

1 Cake of Chocolate 3 = 6 

2 Ib of Sugar 3 = 

1 Spoon I/ 2 quarts of Milk: 8d 1 = 8 



1 = 7 =11 

Fort Edward June thip. 1759 Parole Gravesend 

Capt of the day to Morrow Capt Williams - For Guards 
to Morrow Lt. Henshaw & Ensn. Baker -To Visit the 
Barracks Lt. Dayton, 2 Serjts. 4 Corpls. & 52 privates 

19 Do. Tuesday Do - New Hampshire Troops Arrivd 
A packet came in but have not heard what news - Yesterday 
a Flag of Truce Came from Ticonderoga, came to our Block 
house was Examind & Let go: Draw d Flow r, Meat, Rice, 
& Butter, all which was very good 

20 Wednesday Do. Went with the Guard to the Royal 
Blockhouse 3 Compas. of the Last Recruits came up 

20 of June Wednesday Parole Southwark 

Capt of the Day for to Morrow Capt Whiting - For Guard 
Lt. Dayton & Ensn. Force To Visit the Barracks Lt. 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 203 

Gibbs For Guard to Morrow 1 Officer 2 Serjts 3 Corplls. 
& 36 Privates 

S C P 

The Island Guard 1-1-12 

Block house West of the Bridge 1- 6 

Block house East end Do 1-1- 9 

No 1 1 - 6 

No 2 1 - 6 

No 3 1 - 6 

No. 4 1 - 6 

No. 5 1 - 6 

Ravellene Guard 1-1-12 

Garden Guard . 1-3 



Total 3 = 10 = 72 

21 Thursday Do. the Army to the No. of about 8000 Men 
Marcht for the Lake this Morning Bought a side of Venison 
of an Indian Weigh d 50 Ib sold 1 Quarter for 8 Dolls. 
3 Ib. for 16/10 

Fort Edward June th2i. 1759 - Parole Amherst - 

Capt of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Luse. For Guard to 
Morrow Ensn. Force. To Visit the Barracks Lt. Scott. 
The Same Number of Men to be Warned for Duty to Morrow 
as this Day and an Orderly Man for the Governour-the 
Commanding Officers of Compys. to make up a Regular 
Roll of their Comps. & give them in to Morrow - & to give 
in a true State of their Compys. Every Morning 

22 Friday Do. Serjt. Blunt Came up Wrote a Letter to 
Ensn. Bond: Bott 8 Ib of Sugar - 

Fort Edward June th22 - 1759 - Parole Montgomery - 

Capt of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Williams For Guard 
Lt. Gibbs - to Visit the Barracks Ensn. Freeman the 
Royal Blockhouse & Island to be 48 Hours Guards till 
Further Orders. Capt Luses Compy. gives the Royal 
Block house Guard & Capt Williams Compy. the Island 
Guard - 



204 American Antiquarian Society. 

Fort Edward June th23 - 1759 - Parole Great Britain - 

Capt of the Day For to Morrow Capt. Whiting For 
Guard Lt. Scott To Visit the Barracks Lt. Stiles 

23 Saturday June 23 Do 1759 a Regular Corpll. Confd. 
for Strikg. Serjt Wyer. A Chaplain of the Jersey Regt. 
went to prayer in Garrison. 

Fort Edward June 24 - Parole Edinburgh - 

Capt of the Day to Morrow Capt Luse For Guard to 
Morrow Ensn. Freeman -To Visit the Barracks Lt. Hen- 
shaw the Royal Blockhouse & the Island Guard to be 
Relieved to Morrow; Capt Williams Compy. gives the Royal 
Blockhouse Guard & Capt Whitings the Island guard; a 
Corpl. & 15 Men For Fatigue at 6 Clock to Morrow Morn 
ing -Serjt. [William] Ferguson of the Royal Highlands 
will show them what they have to do - No Man belonging 
to the Garrison to lye out of the Fort on any Account - 

24 Sunday Do. A Highlander] Shot Accidently through 
the thigh. Read the Boston prints of the 11 Inst. Lieut. 
[John] Martin of the Rangers came from Ticonderoga with 
a Scouting party Reports they are Very Numerous Several 
Officers Arriv d this Day Lt [Nathaniel] Ingersol Lt. Dunlap 
Ensn Ward Watkins - Memoranter. Jno Knower 

Fort Edward June 25th 1759 - Parole Glasgow - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Williams, For 
Guard Lieut. Henshaw, to Visit the Barracks, Ensn. Baker - 

25 Monday Very warm Visited ye Barracks Walk d 
out of the Fort & heard Mr. [William] Crawford go to prayer 
& sing Psalms in Colo. Willards Regt. 11/3 

Fort Edward June 26th. 1759 - Parole Prussia - 

Capt. of the day to Morrow -Capt. Whiting for guard 
Ensn. Baker To Visit the Barracks Lt. Dayton, an 
Officer pr. Compa. to Attend Roll Call every Eveng. & to 
see that there Men be properly Warn d for Duty & to be 
upon the Parade Every Morng. when the guards Mount 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 205 

that they may Answer for any thing Deficient - In Case of 
an Alarm by Day or Night the Garrison is to parade in the 
Following Manner -Capt Luses Compa. upon the Royal 
Bastion. Capt. Williams on the Snook Bastion. Capt. 
Whiting on the Magazine Bastion - the Invalids of the 55th. 
& 80th. Regts. on the Water Bastion - the Officer of the 
guard to be Very Alert & keep his Guard ready to turn out 
at the first Call. The Rolls to be GalTd for the Future upon 
the Alarm posts: the Royal Blockhouse & Island Guards 
to be Relieved to Morrow -Capt Whitings Compa. Gives 
the Royal Blockhouse guard & Capt Luse the Island guard - 
The Garrison is to draw 2 Days fresh provision to Morrow 
Morng. at 9 Clock 

26 Tuesday Do. Reliev d the Main Guard Serjt. [of] 
the Jerseys Confd. for being Drunk & Absent from Duty. 
Removed to North Side of the Fort. 

Fort Edward June th27, 1759 - Parole Berlin - 

Capt of the Day to Morrow Capt. Luse for Guard Lt. 
Dayton to Visit the Barracks Lt. Gibbs. 

27 Wednesday Do. Lieut. Ingersol went to Join our 
Compa. at half Way Brook 200 of the Invalids March d 
with him - Wrote to Capt. Furness 

Fort Edward June th28 - 1759 - Parole Air - 

Capt. of the Day to Morrow Capt. Williams - for Guard 
Lt. Gibbs, to Visit the Barracks Lt. Scott -the Royal 
Blockhouse and Island Guards to be Releiv d to Morrow - 
Capt. Luse s Compa. gives the Royal Blockhouse guard & 
Capt William s the Island Guard 

28 Thursday Do. N Extraordinary. The Main guard 
of the Fort & Guards depending Consists of about 150 Men - 

Fort Edward June th29. 1759 - Parole Eglinton - 

Capt. of the day to Morrow Capt. Whit ing -For guard 
Lieut. Scott to Visit the Barracks Ensn. Freeman Capt 
Luse s Compa. to parade on the Alarm Posts to Morrow 
Morng. at 7 Clock in Order to have there Arms Ammuni- 



206 American Antiquarian Society. 

tion & Accoutrements Inspected. A Garrison Court Martial 
to Set to Morrow Morng. at 10 Clock to try such of there 
prisoners as shall be brought before them. 

Capt Williams Pressident 

Lieut. Gibbs Lieut. Henshaw ) , T , 

o, -c^ -n f Members 

Lieut. Scott Ensn. Freeman ( 

29 Friday Do. this Morng. at Sun Rise heard the Report 
of Cannon & platoons at the Lake which Continued 2 hours 
& Alarm d the Fort & B Houses: Colo Mongomery sent 
300 Men : Colo Willard 150 to the Lake to know the Ocasion - 
the Men Returned & Reported they were Clearing there Peices 

Fort Edward June th3o - 1759 - Parole Argyle - 

Capt of the day to Morrow Capt Luse for Guard Ensn. 
Freeman to Visit the Barracks Lt. Stiles. No person 
belonging to the Garison to Carry Spirituous Liquors of 
any Kind to the Sick in the Hospital Under the pain of being 
Severely Punished. Capt Williams Compa to parade on 
their Alarm posts at 7 Clock to Morrow Morng. in Order 
to have there Arms & Accoutrements Inspected - the Royal 
Block house & Island Guard to be Relieved to Morrow - 
Capt Williams Compa. Gives the Royal B House Guard & 
Whitings the Island Guard 

30 Saturday This Morning [Rev. Edward Eells of 
Middletown] the Chaplain of Colo. [Nathan] Whitings 
Regt. of Connecticut Went to prayer in Fort - Set on a Garri - 
son Court Martial to try two prisoners of the Jersey Regt. 
one for being Drunk & Neglect of Duty the other For being 
drunk & Quitting his post when on Centinel- 

Fort Edward July thi 1759 - Parole New York - 

Capt. of the [day] for to Morrow Capt Williams - For Guard 
Lt. Stiles to Visit the Barracks Lt. Henshaw; the Invalids 
of the Royal 55th & 80th Regts. to attend Roll Call Regularly 
On the Water Bastion - 

1 Sunday Misty Day took a Walk towards the Falls 
[Wind] N E - 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 207 

Fort Edward July - 2 - 1759 - Parole Philadelphia - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting: for Guard 
Lieut. Henshaw to Visit the Barracks Ensn. Baker; the 
Royal Blockhouse & Island Guards to be Relieved to Morrow 
Capt. Whitings Compa. Gives the Royal Blockhouse Guard 
& Capt Luse the Island Guard 

2 Monday Do. Visited the Barracks Made Report N E - 

Fort Edward July tha - 1759 - Parole Boston - 

Capt. of the day for to Morrow Capt Luse - For Guard 
Ensn. Baker; to Visit the Barracks Lt. Dayton; a Picquet 
Consisting of a Subaltern 1 Serjt. 1 Corpll. & 24 Privates 
to mount at Retreats Beating this Evening & hereafter 
till Further Orders; 3 Men from the Picquet to mount as 
a Guard in Each of the 2 Blockhouses at the provision 
Sheds & Continue till the ports are Opened. The Serjts. 
Corplls. & the rest to joyn the Main Guard & Furnish the 
two Additional Centinels & partys for the Following Rounds 
Viz : a Serjt. & 4 Privates for the grand Rounds with the 
Capt. Between 11 & 12 Clock a Corpl. & 4 Men for the 
Officer that Visits the Barracks Between 1 & 2 Clock, the Like 
Number for the Officer of the Picquet Between 2 & 3 Clock, 
And the Officer of the Guard to have his Guard & the picquet 
under Arms half an Hour before Day & to Continue So till it 
is Clear Day & take Care that the Serjt. or Corpl. of the Picquet 
with 2 Men Patrole round the Gentries Every half hour. 

Ensn. Force for the Picquet - No Man to smoak Tobbacco 
in the Barracks under the pain of being Severely Punished. 
The Serjts. & Corpl. to see this Order Comply d with & to 
Confine any they find trangressg & to take Care that their 
is no Fire or Light in the Barracks Rooms after Retreats 
Beating - the Bridge & Block houses No. 4 & 5 are to be 
guards of 48 hours till further Orders. Capt Williams Compa. 
gives the Bridge Guards - 

The 3 Day July Tuesday. The Collos. Mongomery Willard 
& Lovell 17 with there Regts. March d & Escorted the Cannon 



17 Unless this be Zacheus Lovewell I have been unable to identify him. 



208 American Antiquarian Society. 

to the Lake. Heard the News of 16 Jersey Blues Walking 
from the Lake to get Bark ; the Indians fell on them Kill d 
& Scalp d 11. Relieved the Guards. 

Fort Edward July th4 - 1759 - Parole Albany - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Williams-for Guard 
Lt Dayton -to Visit the Barracks Ensn. Force - For Picquet 
Lt. Gibbs -The Royal Blockhouse & Island Guard to be 
Relieved to Morrow Capt Luse s Compa. Gives the Royal 
Blockhouse guard & Capt Whitings the Island guard - 
the Blockhouses No. 1-2 & 3 are to be Guards of 48 hours - 
Capt Luse s Compa. gives the guard for No. 1 Capt. Williams 
for No. 2 and Capt. Whiting for No. 3 the Garrison are to 
Receive 4 Days Fresh Provision at 9 Clock to Morrow 
from Mr. Washington - 

4 Wednesday Do. a party of Rangers brought in several 
Scalps Taken near Crown point. Bott. 2 Ib of Sugar 

Fort Edward July ths. 1759 - Parole Newport - 

Capt of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting- for guard 
Ensn. Force - to Visit the Barracks Lt. Gibbs For Picquet 
Lt. Scott - the Bridge & Blockhouses No. 4 & 5 to be Relieved 
to Morrow Capt Williams Compa. gives the Bridge guards 
& Capt. Luses Compa. the Guard for No. 4 & Capt Whitings 
for No. 5 -For Guard -2 Serjts.-4 Corpls.-47 Privas. 

5 Thursday Do. 8 Weeks - from - Worcester Orders Given 
out for Sutler s to Strike their Tents; Bott. of Mr. Cutler 

s 

1 piece of Nanteen [Nankeen] 22/ .1 - 2 - 

2 Dozn Butts, at 18d pr Dozn 3 

Thread I/ 1 



1 - 6-0 

Fort Edward July th6 - 1759 - Parole Brunswick - 

Capt. of the Day to Morrow Capt. Luse - For Guard Lt. 
Gibbs -to Visit the Barracks -Lt. Scott -For Picquet - 
Ensn. Freeman. The Roval Blockhouse Island & block 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 209 

houses No. 1, 2 &3 to be Releiv d to Morrow -Capt Luse s 
Conipa. gives the Royal Blockhouse Guard & Capt Whiting 
the Island 

6 Friday Do. Bott. of [Josiah] Brewer 2 Ib of Sugar 
N E-Capt Luse Gives No. 1, Capt Will 8 . No. 2 & Capt. 
Whitings No. 3 [Blockhouse] Guards a Serjt. & 12 Men of 
the picquet to go at 3 Clock to Cut Brooms for Cleaning 
the parade & Chimneys - all the Chimneys in the Garrison 
to be Swept to Morrow Morning - For Guard - 2 S - 4C - 55P . 

Fort Edward July: 7th - 1759 - Parole New Hampshire - 

Capt. of the Day For to Morrow Capt. Williams -For 
Guard Lt. Scott -to Visit the Barracks Ensn. Freeman. 
For Picquet - Lt. Stiles. The Bridge & Blockhouses No. 

4 & 5 Guards to be Releiv d to Morrow - Capt. Williams 
Compa. gives the Bridge Guard, Capt Whitings No. 4 & 5 - 
for Guard -2S-5C-52P. 

7 Saturdajr Do. Went & Wash d in the River -Aaron 
Smith of Rhodetown Died th5 Inst. His Cloathing 
priz ; d 3 - 12 - 0. 

Fort Edward July th8 - 1759 - Parole Newark - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting -For 
Guard Ensn. Freeman -to Visit the Barracks, Lieut. 
Stiles For the Picquet - Lieut. Henshaw - the Royal Block 
house Island, Blockhouses No. 1-2 & 3 Guards to be Releiv d 
to Morrow - the Officers of the Company s that hear the 
Roll CalFd to see the Men of their Compa. Paraded for the 
Guards & Picquet & to Examine their Arms & Ammunition 
& See that the Men are properly Drest - For Guard : 2 S - 

5 C - 49 P. 

8 Sunday Do. the Picquet turn d out to look after Cattle. - 
Releiv d the Picquet .- 

Fort Edward July th9. 1759. - Parole Huck - 

Capt. of the Day to Morrow Capt. Luse - For Guard Lt. 
Stiles -To Visit the Barracks Lt. Henshaw. For Picquet 



210 American Antiquarian Society. 

Ensn. Baker. The Bridge guards & Blockhouses No. 4 
& 5 to be Relieved to Morrow. A Garrison Court Martial 
to sett at 10. Clock to Morrow Morning 

Capt. Whiting Pressident 

Lieut. Dayton Lt. Gibbs 1 , T u 
-n -o / T^ -n f Members. 

Ensn. Baker Ensn. Force j 

The Prisoners to be Acquainted and all Evidences to 
attend. 18 For Guard -2 S-5 C-49 P 

9th Monday: Bott. a Nankeen Jacket 14/ 1 pr of 
Indian Stockings 4/ Dr. Lt. Gibbs to J a piece Nankeen 13/ 

Fort Edward July thio - 1759 - Parole Burlington - 

Capt of the Day to Morrow Capt. Williams. For Guard 
Lieut. Henshaw-To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Baker. 
For Picquet Lieut. Dayton. The Royal Blockhouse - Island 
& Blockhouses No. 1 - 2 & 3 Guards to be Relieved to 
Morrow. For Guard -3S-5C-49P 

10 Tuesday Rainy - Draw d Flour, 707 Ib. Meat & Butter 
for 3 Days - Visited the Barracks. - 

Fort Edward July thu, 1759 - Parole Charlestown - 

Capt of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting For Guard 
Ensn. Baker To Visit the Barracks Lt. Dayton - For 
Picquet Ensn. Force. The Bridge Guards and Block 
Houses No. 4 & 5 to be Releiv d to Morrow. 

11 Wednesday Fair - Reliev d the Guard Several Pris 
oners brought from Saratoga Absent at G[enl.] R[uggles] 
Very Cold at Night Wrote to Boston to B[rother] Jos[eph] - 

Fort Edward July th 12 - 1759 - Parole Amboy - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Luse - For Guard 
Lt. Dayton to Visit the Barracks Ensn. Force for Picquet 
Lieut Gibbs. the Royal Blockhouse Island & Block houses 
No. 1 2 & 3 to be Reliev d to Morrow - 



18 For record of proceedings, see entry under Jul. 10 . Ante p. 153. 



The Orderly Rook of Lieut. William Henshaw. 211 

12 Thursday - Do - Ensn. Force Officer of the Picquet 
Orderd to Escort a Prisoner & some Waggons to the falls - 
Several Indians Discoverd Last Night at the Falls -Block 
houses No. 3 & 4 Fir d. Each of them at 10 or 12 at Night. 
Alarmed the Garrison heard that Majr. [Robert] Rogers 
had an Engagement at the lake Early this Morning -At 
Night he Returnd with the Loss of 1 Serjt. Killd. & 1 
Wounded. 

Fort Edward July th 13. 1759 - Parole Boston - 

Capt. For the Day to Morrow Capt. Williams For Guard 
Ensn. Force, To Visit the Barracks Lt. Gibbs For Picquet 
Lt. Scott The Bridge & Blockhouses No. 4&5 to be 
Releiv d to Morrow. 

13 Friday Do. Lieut. Gibbs Officer of the Picquet Order d 
to the Falls to Escort 6 Prisoners Dutch Waggoners for 
stealing Old Iron Bott. 2 Ib of Sugar at Night the Garri 
son Alarmd at the Firing two Guns from Bridge Blockhouse - 

Fort Edward July 14 - 1759 - Parole Pittsburgh - 

Capt of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting, For Guard 
Lt. Gibbs, To Visit the Barracks Lt Scott, For Picquet 
Ensn. Freeman. The Royal Blockhouse & Island Block 
houses No. 1 2 & 3 to be Releiv d to Morrow - A Garrison 
Court Martial to Set to Morrow at 10 Clock- 

Capt. Luse Pressident- 

Lt. Scott Lt. Henshaw ) M , 
Lt. Stiles Lt. Freeman ( i 

the Prisoners to be Acquainted & all Evidences to Attend- 

14 Saturday Very Hot -Rain Last Night. A Compa. 
of the last Recruits came up Jona. Phillips Arriv d 2 
or 3 Comp Highlands Ariv d from Ohio the Fort Alarm d 
this Night the Royal Fir d at an Indian - 

Fort Edward July this, 1759 - Parole Louisbourgh - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Luse, for Guard 
Lt. Scott - to Visit the Barracks Ensn. Freeman, For 



212 American Antiquarian Society. 

Picquet, Lt. Stiles - the Bridge guard & Blockhouses 
No. 4 & 5 to be Releiv d to Morrow - the Sick in the Garrison 
to be Carried over to Island at 9 Clock to Morrow Morning 
to be seen by the Doctors 

15 Sunday Rain. Two prisoners of the 80th. Regt. 
Try d for Stelth, One more tried for Quitting his Post; A 
Waggoner Came to Fort & Reported that he saw a No. of 
Indians & Ran away & Left his Waggon. A party of 
Voluntiers [went to investigate] Capt. Whiting & Lt. Day 
ton Headed the party. Returned m[orning.] 

Fort Edward July thi6 - 1759 - Parole Ligoneer - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Williams - For 
Guard Ensn. Freeman - To Visit the Barracks Lieut. Stiles 
For the Picquet Lieut. Henshaw- The Royal Block house 
& Island & Block houses No. 1: 2 & 3 to be Releiv d to 
Morrow Morning For Guard : 3 S - 5 C - 49 P 

16 Monday Rainy -3 Compa. of Colo. Fitch s Regt 
Arived- Colo. Lymans Chaplain [Rev. George Beckwith] 
Preach d a sermon in Fort Went the Rounds between 2 & 
3 Clock at Night - one of the Centinals not Alert 

Fort Edward July thi7. 1759 - Parole Perth - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting - For 
Guard Lt. Stiles - To Visit the Barracks Lt. Henshaw For 
Picquet Ensn. Baker the Bridge & Block houses No. 4 & 5 
to be Releiv d to Morrow, Guard 2 S - 4 C - 52 P- 

17 Tuesday Fair - Drawed our Allowance of all 
Species for a Week - 4 Days fresh Beef - 3 Days of 
Salt pork - 3 Days of Butter - 7 Days of Flower - for 
100 Men - Vizt. 700 Ib of Flower pr Week 400 Ib fresh 
Beef &c. 

Fort Edward July thi8. 1759 - Parole Montrose - 

Capt. of the Day to Morrow Capt Luse - For Guard Lieut. 
Henshaw To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Baker For Picquet 
Lieut Dayton The Royal Blockhouse Island & Block house 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 213 

Guards to be Releiv d to Morrow. Vizt. No. 1-2 & 3 
For Guard 3S-5C-49P 

18 Wednesday Do. Visited the Barracks 

Fort Edward July thig - 1759 

A Garrison Court Martial to sett at 10 Clock this Fore 
noon 

Capt Williams Pressident 

Ensn. Baker. Lieut Dayton ) ,. , 
T^ T? f T- j. rruu ^Members 

Ensn. Force & Lieut Gibbs j 

the Prisoners to be Acquainted & all Evidences to Attend - 

July thip - Afternoon Orders - Parole Elgin - 

Capt of the Day for to Morrow Capt Williams - For 
Guard - Ensn. Baker To Visit the Barracks Lt. Dayton For 
Picquet Ensn. Force the Bridge & Block houses - No. 4 
& 5 to be Releiv d to Morrow For Guard 2 S-4C-52P 

19 Thursday Do.- Releiv d the Guard this Morng. the 
Govr. of So. Carolina 19 Ariv d here Last Night. Set off 
this Day for the Lake - Came to see the Proceedings of 
Genl. Amherst - Attended with 2 Negro Servants. [He 
is] a tall Man upwards of 50 Years of age. A prisoner 
Comited to the Guard for Desertion 

Fort Edward July th2o - 1759 - Parole Falkirk - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Whit ing -For 
Guard - Lt. Dayton To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Force 
For Picquet - Lt. Gibbs - The Royal Blockhouse Island 
& Blockhouses No. 1: 2 & 3 to be Releivd to Morrow - 
[For guard] 3S-5C-53P 

20 Friday Do. Wrote a Letter home sent by Capt. Doolittle 
- the Battoes all Loaded to Sail at the First Notice, One 
of Capt Paines Men Confin d for Desertion - 3 Men Whip dt 
of 80th [regt.] 2 for Stealing -one for a False Alarm; 2 of 
the 80th Regt. Sentenc d 750 [Lashes] Reed, one 400, the 

19 William H. Lyttleton was governor of South Carolina at this time. See post 
p. 234. 



214 American Antiquarian Society. 

other 300 Lashes; the Jersey Blue sentenced 100 Reed. 50 - 
for False Alarm - Nothing Further Extraordinary - 

Fort Edward July 21 - 1759 - Parole Linlethgow - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Luse - For Guard 
Lt. Gibbs - To Visit the Barracks Lt. Scott - For Picquet 
Ensn. Freeman - sick, [replaced by] Lt. Stiles -The Bridge 
& Blockhouses No. 4 & 5 To be Releiv d to Morrow 

21 Saturday By a Man who came From the Lake this 
Morning I was Informed that the Orders was for the Army 
to strike their tents by 2 Clock in Morning - at 3 Clock 
they was all Embarkd & SaiFd for Ticonderoga. About 
200 of the Connecticut Forces Ariv d to Day 

Fort Edward 22d. of July 1759 - Parole Dumfreis - 

Capt of the Day to Morrow Capt. Williams - For Guard 
Lt. Scott - To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Freeman For Picquet 
Lt Henshaw - The Royal Blockhouse Island & Blockhouses 
No 1 - 2 & 3 to be Releiv d to Morrow No person to throw 
Water or any Filth out of their Barrack Windows under 
pain of being Severely punished - 

22 Sunday Do. 7 or 8 of Connecticut Troops Ariv d - 
N Extraordinary 

23d. of July - 1759 - Parole Paisly - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Whiting - For 
Guard Ensn. Freeman To Visit the Barracks Lt. Henshaw 
For Picquet - Ensn. Baker. The Bridge & Block houses - No. 
4 & 5 to be Releivd to Morrow For Guard :3S-5C-55P 

23 Day of July - 1759 Monday. Bott of Cutler one Silk 
Handkerch 1 pr. of Buckles reed the Boston Gazette of 
the 16 Inst. read the News of Saml. Lynds house blown 
over - by a Huricane also the Death of Sir Wm. Pepperell 
Lt-Griggs- In the Evening heard a sermon preach d by 
Mr. [Benjamin] Pomroy - Chaplain of one of the Connec 
ticut Regts. [He] Lodg d with us at Night Nothing Further 
Remarkable 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 215 

Fort Edward the 24th of July - 1759 - Parole Peebles - 

A Garrison Court Martial to sett Immediately. 

Capt Whiting Pressident 

h .Qf;ioci 1 

Members 



Lieut. Scott Lieut Stiles 1 



Lieut Henshaw Ensn. Baker ( 
The Prisoners to be Acquainted and all evidences to attend 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Luse, For 
Guard Lieut. Henshaw, To Visit the Barracks Ensn. 
Baker, For Picquet Lieut. Dayton, The Royal Block 
house Island and Blockhouses No. 1 - 2 & 3 to be Releiv d 
to Morrow - 

24 Tuesday Do. Orders for a Court Martial to set Imme 
diately for the tryal of 2 prisoners one for Striking a Waggon 
Master the other a Delirious Fellow, For Alarming the 
Garrison. Pass d Sentence & Carried it in. Orders to 
try them again. Our Opinion the same. Bott of Brewer 
2 Ib Sugar. 

Wednesday Fort Edward July 25 - 1759 - Parole Berline - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Williams For 
Guard Ensn. Baker To Visit the Barracks Lt. Dayton For 
Picquet Lt. Gibbs- The Bridge & Blockhouses No. 
4 & 5 to be Releiv d to Morrow all the Axes in the Fort 
to be Given in this Evening to Mr. Man - ,* - .. :^!^a>^ 

25 Wednesday Do. Relieved the Main guard. Letters 
from Ticonderoga says our Men all safe Landed - One 
Kill d 13 or 14 Wounded -Dr. to Brewer 2/6 Dd Jno 
Allen to 2 Ib Sugar- 
Fort Edward July 26 - 1759 - 

A Garrison Court Martial to set Immediately. 

Capt. Luse Pressident 

Lieut Dayton Lt. Gibbs 1 ,, , 

^ ^ > Members 

Lieut bcott Ensn. Freeman j 

the prisoners to be Acquainted and all Evidences to attend 



216 American Antiquarian Society. 

- After Orders - Parole Potsdam - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Whiting for Guard 
Lt. Dayton - to Visit the Barracks Lt. Gibbs - For Picquet 
Lt Scott - The Royal Blockhouse Island & Blockhouses No. 1 : 
2 & 3 to be Reliev d to Morrow. For Guard :3S-5C-55P 

26 Thursday Do. Capt [Cornelius?] Higgins in a Battoe 
with 8 Men on the Lake ; the Capt. with 5 Men KilFd & Scalp d 
the Other three, dont know wt. became of them. A Court 
Martial Set to try 4 prisoners: 1 provincial Sent. 500 [lashes] 
Reed none; 1 for Defaming Lt. Dayton Sent. 200 R[eceived] 
N[one]. 1 for Knocking a Man Down Sent. 500 Reed None; 
one for refusing to do his Duty Sent. 100 Reed None; all 
Cleard for the Taking Ticonderoga. N. Hamps [troops] sent 
from Ticonderoga to Join our Forces up Mohawk River 

Fort Edward the 27th of July 1759 Parole Dresden - 

Capt of the Day For to Morrow Capt Luse - For Guard 

- Lt Gibbs - To Visit the Barracks Lt. Scott - For Picquet 

- Ensn. Freeman - the Capt. of the Day to give in Every 
Day a Written Report Specifiing the prisoners & their 
Crimes & any thing Extraordinary that Happens. The 
Bridge & Block houses No. 4 & 5 to be Releiv d to Morrow- 
[For guard] 2 S - 4 C - 52 privs. 

27 Friday Colo. [George] Townsend Adjut. Genii, was KilPd 
at Ticonderoga. As he was Reconoitring the Ground with one 
or two more, he was shot from th Fort with a Cannon Ball 
through the Body & Liv d about a Min*. told them to Carry 
him of the Ground; his Body was Embalm d & Fetch d 
down to day & Escorted to Albany - 15 Wounded men 
came Down & [were] carried into the Hospital on the Island 
2 French Prisoners Came Down & Carried to Fort Miller 

Fort Edward July th28 1759 

A Garrison Court Martial to Set Immediately Capt 
Williams Pressident 

Lt. Stiles Lt. Henshaw 1 , T , 
^ _ , > Members 

Ensn. Baker Lt. Dayton j 

The prisoners to be Acquainted and all Evidences to attend- 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 217 

Afternoon Orders - Parole Ticonderoga - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Williams, For 
Guard Lt. Scott to Visit the Barracks Ensn. Freeman - 
For Picquet Lt. Stiles - the Royal Blockhouse Island & 
Blockhouses No. 1: 2 & 3 to be Releivd to Morrow For 
Guard -2S-4C-55P 

July th28 - 1759 Saturday. News by Colo. Amherst 
that Ticonderoga is in the Hands of the English. The 
26 Inst. in the Night the French Deserted it after Blowing 
up one End & Setting it on Fire but the English soon Extin- 
guish d the Fire ; the French made their Escape in Battoes. 
Information thereof: Rogers Raingers Pursued them, took 
about Twenty Prisoners & some Plunder. Sett on a Court 
Martial to Try two Teamsters for stealing the Kings Flower- 
Sentd. 200 [lashes] Each, 1 pardoned the other Reed. 75 
Lashes - the Prisoners Pardon d at the News of Ticon a . 
being taken this Afternoon 20 prisoners Came in; the 
Picquet escorted them to F Miller Dr. to Brewr. To 1 
Bottl. Wine to 2 pints, Do. - Went to hear prayers at Night 
Nothing Further Remarkable, Bott. J Ib Tobacco 

Sunday Fort Edward the 2Qth July - 1759 - Parole Amherst - 

Capt of the Day for to Morrow Capt Whiting, for guard 
Ensn. Freeman, To Visit the Barracks Lt. Stiles, For 
Picquet Lt. Henshaw - The Bridge & Blockhouses No 4 
& 5 to be Releiv d to Morrow. Only 4 Men & a Corpll. 
to mount guard in Each Blockhouse till further Orders 
& they are to keep 1 Sentry by Day & 2 by Night till further 
Orders - For Guard 2S-3C-44P 

29 Sunday Report that the Army is getting Battoes into 
Lake Champlain & preparing to Besiege Crown point - 2 
or 3 of Connecticut Men came in Wounded 

Fort Edward July 3oth. 1759 - Parole Gage - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Luse, for Guard 
Lt. Stiles, To Visit the Barracks Lt. Henshaw, For Picquet 
Ensn. Baker - the Royal Blockhouse Island & Blockhouses 
No. 1 - 2 & 3 to be Releiv d to Morrow; a Serjt. & 10 Men 



218 American Antiquarian Society. 

to Mount Guard in the Royal Block house & a Corpl. & 
4 Men in Each of the other Blockhouses - 

30 Monday Rainy - this Day I was for Picquet. Brigd. 
Genii. Gage Came from Ticonderoga this Afternoon 

July 3 1 th - 1759 Fort Edward - Parole Wolfe - 

Capt of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Williams - For 
Guard Lieut. Henshaw-To Visit the Barracks Ensn. 
Baker - For Picquet Lieut Dayton - The Bridge & Block 
houses No. 4 & 5 to be Releiv d to Morrow For Guard 
2S-4C-48P 

31 Tuesday Do. Brigd. Genii. Gage Set out for Niagara 
to take the Command there, he was Guarded by the Picquet 
to Fort Miller - Lieut [Edward] Church Came in from Fort 
Massachusets No. 4 with 5 Men 5 Days a Coming across 
the woods - Visited the Barracks 

Fort Edward the ist. of August, 1759 - Parole Pitt - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow - Capt Whiting, for guard 
Ensn Baker, To Visit the Barracks Lt. Dayton, For Picquet - 
Lt. Gibbs the Royal Blockhouse Island & Blockhouses 
No. 1 - 2 & 3 to be Releiv d to Morrow - 

1st. Wednesday Fair & Warm Releiv d the Guard Lt 
Church Set out for Ticonderoga to Carry a Lettr. to the 
Genii, from thence he is to go through the woods to 
No 4 Wrote a Lettr. to No. 4 by him Wrote a Lettr. by 
Mr. Rice home No 6 - 

Fort Edward th 2d - of Augt. 1759 - Parole Chesterfield - 

Capt of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Luse for guard 
Lt Dayton - To Visit the Barracks Lt Gibbs For Picquet 
Lt. Scott - the Bridge & Blockhouses No. 4&5 to be Releiv d 
to Morrow [For guard] 2S-4C-48P 

2d. Thursday Rainy - This Afternoon Informed that 
a party of ours went on a scout from Ticonderoga to Crown 
point They report the French had blown up one Magazene 
set it a Fire & Deserted it so they took possession - 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 219 

Fort Edward 3d. of Augt 1759 Friday - Parole Litchfield - 

Capt of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Williams For 
Guard Lt. Gibbs To Visit the Barracks Lt. Scott No 
Picquet to mount till further Orders 9 Men to mount at 
Retreats Beating this Evening & Joyn the Main guard 
which till further Orders is to Consist of 33 Privates no 
guard to Mount at the Provision sheds till Ordered: the 
Blockhouse Guards No. l:2:3-4&5to Consist of a Corpll. 
& 3 Men, the Royal Blockhouse Island & B: house No. 1: 

2 & 3 to be Releiv d to Morrow: a subaltern 2 Serjts. 2 
Corplls. & 55 privates to go to Morrow Morning with 15 
Battoes to Fort Miller, the Battoes to be Compleated in 
Oars & Paddles - For this Duty Ensn. Freeman - 

3d Augt. 1759 Friday (Fair weather) 20 This Morning at 

3 Clock an Express Ariv d which gives an Account of 
Reduction of Niagara & 600 of the Enemy made Prisoners - 
also a French Man the Chief Sagamore of the Indians who 
always Instigated them to Murder & Scalp there prisoners 

Fort Edward Augt. 4th. 1759 - Parole Niagara - 

Capt of the Day for to Morrow Capt Whiting for guard 
Lt. Scott To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Freeman the Bridge 
& Blockhouses No. 4 & 5 to be Releiv d to Morrow - a Corpll. 
& 4 Privates to mount guard on the West End of the Bridge 
For Guard 2S-4C-53P 

4th Augt 1759 Saturday - Do. Walk d into the Woods 
to see the Working party Chop W T ood in the Afternoon 
Went a Hunting with Capt Williams - 

Fort Edward Augt. 5, 1759 - Parole Pyrna - 

Capt of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Luse for Guard 
Ensn Freeman To Visit the Barracks Lt. Stiles the Royal 
B house Island & B house No. 1 - 2 & 3 to be Releiv d to 
Morrow a Subaltern 2 Serjts. 2 Corpls & 55 Privates to 
go to Fort Miller with 15 Battoes to Morrow Morning the 
Battoes to be got Ready & Compleated with Oars - Paddles 



} These words are erased in the original manuscript indicating changed conditions. 



220 American Antiquarian Society. 

Setting Poles this Night. For this Duty Ensn. Force - For 
guard 3 S - 5 C - 56 P 

5th Augt Sunday Fair - 1759 Eat some Huckleberry s 
at No. 1 : Bflock house.] 

Fort Edward Augt. 6th. 1759 - Parole Sheffield - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Williams for guard 
Lieut. Stiles to Visit the Barracks Lieut. Henshaw the 
Bridge & Blockhouses No. 4 & 5 to be Releivd to Morrow 

6th Monday Fair Mr Brewer brought 2 Letters from 
Albany but through a Mistake Carryed them to the Lake - 

Fort Edward Augt. 7th 1759 - Parole Crown Point - 

Capt of the day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting For Guard 
Lt. Henshaw To Visit the Barracks Ensn Baker the Royal 
Blockhouse Island & Block Houses No. 1 : 2 & 3 to be Releivd 
to Morrow - for Guard -2 S-5 C-& 56 P 

7th Augt. Tuesday Fair -1759 at 5 Clock this Morng. 
Set out for the Lake Ariv d at 10 Clock Enquired for my 
Lettrs. but could get no Information of them as Mr. Brewer 
had set out for Ticonderoga; then went & Viewed the 
Old Fort the French Intrenchments & the place where they 
Landed round a point of Land. The French Intrench d 
within 80 Roods of the Old Fort - View d the New Fort 
that is Building: the Walls about 14 feet thick built of 
Stone & Lime;- Set out Stopt at half way Brook to see 
Capt Gales [Nehemiah Gale?] of Connecticut who is Sta- 
tion d there Came to Fort Edward at 8 Clock in Evening 
&c- 

Fort Edward Augt. 8th. 1759 - Parole Rochester - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Luse for guard 
Ensn. Baker To Visit the Barracks Lt. Dayton the Bridge 
& Block houses - No. 4 & 5 to be Releivd to Morrow - 
[For guard] 2S-4C-51P 

8th Wednesday Fort Edward 1759 Reed. 2 Letters 
from Danll. & Jos. Dated July the 26 & 28th Which was 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 221 

Carry d to the Lake through a Mistake & Sent Back to Fort 
Edward Before I Came from the Lake. Releiv d the Guard : 
no Prisoners Nothing Extraordinary 

Thursday Fort Edward Augt. pth 1759 - Parole Stillwater - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Williams - For 
Guard Lt. Day ton -To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Force - 
the Royal Block house Island & Block Houses No. 1 : 2 & 3 
to be Releivd to Morrow 

Thursday the 9th of Augt. 1759 Bought of Mess. Cutler 
& Brewer - 

s d 
4 & J Yds. of Green Batteen @ 10/ P yd. . . 2 - 5-0 

3 & i Yds. of Shalloon @ 4/ P Yd 14 - 

3 Sticks of Mohair @ 6d Each 1-6 

2 hanks of Green Silk @ I/ Each 2 - 

J Yd. Buckram @ 3/ P Yd 1-6 

Green thread 6d. penny Worth - 6 

2 Dozn. of Buttons @ 4/2d P Dozn 8-4 



Total 3 - 12 -10 

Nothing Extraordinary 

Friday Fort Edward Augt. loth. 1759 - Parole Colchester - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting -For 
guard Ensn. Force To Visit the Barracks Lt. Gibbs the 
Bridge & Block houses No. 4 & 5 to be Releiv d to Morrow: 
[For guard] 2S-4C-51P 

10th Friday Misty -Capt. [Valentine] Jones: Lfeut. 
Howard & Ensn. Lowder Set off for Crown point, they 
Arivd here Last Night, took a Walk, N[othing] Extraord 
[inary] All s Well - 

Saturday Fort Edward the nth. of Augt. 1759 
- Parole Dancaster - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Luse - For Guard 
Lt. Gibbs - to Visit the Barracks - Lt. Scott - the Royal 



222 American Antiquarian Society. 

Blockhouse Island & Blockhouses No. 1 : 2 & 3 to be Releivd 
to Morrow - 

llth of Augt. 1759 Saturday Fort Edward Went a 
Hunting in the Afternoon on the West side of the River - 
an Express Arriv d at 11 Clock at Night with a packet 
From Crown point to Fort Edward A Man was sent Imme 
diately to Forward it to the Next post, Rain d hard all Night 

Fort Edward Augt. i2th. 1759 Sunday - Parole Dunbarton 

Capt of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Williams, for Guard 
Lt. Scott, To Visit the Barracks Ens. Freeman the Bridge 
& Block houses No. 4 & 5 to be Releiv d to Morrow -A 
Subaltern 1 Serjt. 1 Corpll. & 24 Privates to parade to 
Morrow Morng. at 6 Clock to mend all the Bad Steps in 
the Road from this to Fort Miller they are to get tools of 
Mr. Mann - for this Duty Lt. Stiles. [Guard] 1S-2C-20P 

Sunday Fort Edward Augt. 12th. 1759 a Wet Showry Day 

Monday Fort Edward Augt. i3th. 1759 - Parole Hamburg - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Whiting For Guard 
Ensn. Freeman To Visit the Barracks Lt. Stiles the Royal 
Blockhouse Island & Blockhouses No. 1 : 2 & 3 to be Releiv d 
to Morrow - A Subaltern 1 Serjt. 1 Corpll. & 24 Privates to 
Parade to Morrow at 6 Clock to Repair the Roads from 
this to Fort Miller - for this Duty Lt. Gibbs 

13th Monday Fair heard that Colo. Ruggles Regt. is 
Clearing a Road from Crown point to No. 4 Alias Charlestown 

Tuesday Fort Edward Augt. i4th. 1759 - Parole Middleburg - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Luse For Guard - 
Lt. Stiles To Visit the Barracks - Lt. Henshaw the Bridge 
& Blockhouses No. 4 & 5 to be Releiv d to Morrow a 
Subaltern 1 Serjt 1 Corpll & 30 Privates to Parrade to 
Morrow Morning at 6 Clock to Work on the Roads; for 
this Duty Lt. Scott 

14th Tuesday Do. - Went over to the Island & Assisted 
Mr. Cowper in Posting his Books & Setling his Accounts - 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. . 223 

Fort Edward ye i5th. Augt. 1759 - Parole Gorham - 

Capt of the Day for to Morrow Capt Williams For Guard 
Lt. Henshaw To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Baker Royal 
Block house Island & Blockhouses No. 1 : 2 & 3 to be Releiv d 
to Morrow -a Subaltern 1 Serjt. 1 Corpll. & 30 Privates 
to parade to Morrow at 6 Clock for Repairing the Roads 
from this to Fort Miller; for this Duty Lt Dayton 

Wednesday Augt. 15th 1759 - Was over to the Island 
all Day & till 10 Clock at Night the Sally ports was Opened 
for us to Come in Mr Nichols Went to New England 
Omitted Writeing by him -Visited the Barracks - 

15th August Fort Edward: 1759 A Court Martial to 
set at 10 Clock to Morrow; Capt. Whiting Pressident; 

Ensn. Force Lt. Gibbs. 1 , , u 

y^ L, > Members 

Lt. Scott & Ensn. Freeman ( 

The Prisoners to be Acquainted & all Evidences to Attend - 

Thursday Fort Edward, Augt. 16, 1759 - Parole Camphire - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting, for guard 
Ensn. Baker, to Visit the Barracks Lt. Dayton the Bridge 
& Blockhouses No. 4 & 5 to be Releiv d to Morrow -the 
Like party as to Day to parade at the same time to Morrow 
for the Roads - For this Duty Lt. Gibbs None of the Men 
Upon Duty in the Blockhouses to fire their Pieces on any 
Account; the Serjts. & Corplls. to be Answerable that these 
Orders are Comply d with Guard: 2 Corpl. 20 privates - 
For Work 1 Serjt. 10 ps. 

16 Releiv d the Guard; 3 prisoners Try d; all pardon d. 

Friday Fort Edward i7th. Augt. 1759 - Parole Ostend - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Luse for Guard 
Lt. Dayton to Visit the Barracks Ensn. Force the Royal 
Blockhouse Island & Blockhouses No. 1, 2 & 3 to be Releiv d 
to Morrow; the Like party as to Day to parade to Morrow 
at the same time for the Roads for this Duty Lt. Henshaw - 

17th Friday Fort Edward wrote all Day at the Island - 



224 American Antiquarian Society. 

Saturday Fort Edward Augt i8th - Parole Cologne - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Williams for Guard 
Ensn. Force to Visit the Barracks Lt. Gibbs the Bridge 
& Blockhouses No. 4 & 5 to be Releiv d to Morrow- A 
Subaltern to go Early to Morrow morning with the Recover d 
Men & Deliver them to the Commanding Officer at the 
Lake for this Duty Ensn. Baker. 

18 Saturday Do. Went to Work on the Road between Fort 
Edward & Fort Miller with 1 Serjt. 1 Corpll. & 30 Privates 
Cross d way d 90 Yds. 3 Yds. Pr. Man [is a day s] stent - 

Sunday Fort Edward Augt. ipth. 1759 - Parole Herenhousen - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow^ Capt. Whiting for Guard 
- Lt. Gibbs to Visit the Barracks Ensn. Freeman the 
Royal Block House Island & Block houses No. 1: 2 & 3 
to be Releiv d to Morrow - a Subaltern Serjt & Corpl. & 
30 privates to parade at 6 Clock to Morrow morning for 
the Roads betwixt this & Fort Miller these are to Begin 
Work where the Last party Left of & make the Road of the 
same Breadth & Goodness that the party Yesterday Made; 
for this Duty - Lt Scott - For Guard 1 S - 2 C. - 22 P. for 
Work 9 P. " 

19th Sunday: Fair Went to the Island Doct. Steel 
Came from the Lake Order d up Mohawk River there to 
be Stationed at the Little Falls - 

Fort Edward ye 2oth. Augt. 1759 - Parole Springfield - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Luse for Guard 
Lt. Scott to Visit the Barracks Lt. Henshaw - the Bridge 
& Blockhouses No. 4 & 5 to be Releiv d to Morrow; the like 
party as to Day to parade to Morrow at the same time for 
the Road & Observe the Directions of Yesterday - for this 
Duty Lt. Stiles 

20th Monday Do. this Morng. Doct. Steel Set out. Walk d 
with him 3 or 4 Miles Returnd & went over to the Island 
wrote all Day, Reed, a Letter from Brother Denny 21 - 

"Brother Denny is Samuel Denny. See under May 10. Ante p. 185. 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 225 

Tuesday Fort Edward 2ist. of Augt - 1759 - Parole Antwerp - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Williams for Guard 
Ensn. Freeman to visit the Barracks Ensn. Baker the 
Royal Blockhouse Island & Blockhouses No. 1 : 2 & 3 to be 
Rel d . to Morrow; Complaint being made that Milk is Sold 
at an Extravagant Price it is Order d that no Sutler or 
any other Person Exact more than Six pence New Y[ork] 
Currency for the Future pr. Quart if any Do they ll Imme 
diately be sent of 22 A Subaltern, 2 Serjts. 2 Corpls. & 
36 privates to go to Morrow Morng. without Arms with 
8 Battoes to Fort Miller where they are to Load their Battoes 
with provision & Return Immediately here with the Loaded 
Battoes; they are to take great Care of the Provision & 
to keep it Dry - they are to be paid for this Duty & the 
Serjts. are to Give in a List of their Names & Company s 
upon their Return - for this Duty Lt. Henshaw W[ork] 
Party - 1 S - C : 11 Privs. For Guard 1 S - 3 C : 22 Privs. 

21st. Tuesday Rainy: Wrote a Letter home by Capt. 
[Jonathan] Carver post pay : I/ York Currency - went 
to the Island - 

Wednesday Fort Edward : 22d. Augt. 1759 - Parole Harwick - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting for 
Guard Lt. Stiles To Visit the Barracks Lt. Dayton the 
Bridge & Block Houses No. 4 & 5 to be Releiv d to Morrow - 
As the Battoes were not Ready to Day a Subaltern 2 Serjts. 
2 Corplls. & 46 Privates to go Early to Morrow Morning to 
Fort Miller for provis n . They are to take such Battoes as 
are Ready here, & they ll find others at Fort Miller, they 
are to Observe Yesterday s Orders; for this Duty Lt. Hen 
shaw. A Garrison Court Martial to set at 10 Clock to 
Morrow Morng. 

Capt Luse President 

Ensn. Baker Lt Dayton 1 , T , 
Ensn. Force Lt. Gibbs } Members 
The Prisoners to be Acquainted & all Evidences to attend - 

22 This is another example of the frequent use of the old spelling of, corresponding 
to the more recent off. 



226 American Antiquarian Society. 

22 Wednesday Aug. 22d. 1759 Fair -Was Employ d 
in Looking after Battoes & Seeing them Corked & 
Mended. 

Thursday Fort Edward: 2$d. Augt. 1759 - Parole Seton - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Williams for 
Guard Ensn. Baker to Visit the Barracks Ensn. Force - 
The Same party that went to Day to go Early to Morrow 
Morning to Fort Miller for Provision - the Royal Block 
House Island & Blockhouses No. 1 : 2 & 3 to be Releiv d to 
Morrow - for the Future no Blankets Bed or Bed Cloaths 
to be Air d or Dry d on the Ramparts this Order to be Read 
to the Companys at Roll Call - 

23d. Thursday Do. Went Down to Fort Miller with 6 
Battoes - & 50 Men Loaded them &Retur d with 10 Battoes : 
97 Casks of Bread in them - 

Friday Fort Edward: 24th. Augt. 1759 - Parole Lyon - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Whiting For 
Guard Lt. Dayton To Visit the Barracks Lt. Gibbs the 
Bridge & Block houses No. 4 & 5 to be Releiv d to Morrow. 
A Subaltern 2 Serjts. 2 Corplls. & 46 Privates to go Early 
to Morrw. Morng. with 10 Battoes for Provision to Fort 
Miller -for this Duty Ensn. Force. 

24th Friday Went to Fort Miller with 10 Battoes Loaded 
them & Return d with one 100 Casks of Bread - 

Saturday Fort Edward: 25th. Augt. 1759 - Parole Murray - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Williams for 
Guard Lt. Gibbs To Visit the Barracks Lt. Scott The 
Royal Blockhouse Island & Blockhouses No. 1 : 2 & 3 to 
be Releiv d to Morrow; till further Orders only a Serjt. 
Corpll. & 6 privates to mount Guard in the Royal 
Blockhouse; a Serjt. Corpll. & 9 Privates on the Island; 
a Corpll. & 6 Privates in the Ravaleen & none in 
Blockhouse No. 2: The same party that went to Day 
to go Early to Morrow to Fort Miller for Provision - no 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 227 

person to go out a Hunting with out Leave & no Guns 
to be Fired on any Account within the B[lock] Houses; 
this Order to be read to the Compa. at Roll Calling this 
Evening. 

25th Saturday Fair - Nothing Remarkable 

Sunday Fort Edward Augt. 26th. 1759 - Parole Drummond - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting For Guard 
Ensn. Freeman To Visit the Barracks Lt. Henshaw the 
Bridge & B: House No. 4 to be Releiv d to Morrow -till 
further Orders only a Serjt. Corpll. & 6 Privates to mount 
Guard at the East End of the Bridge, a Corpll. & 3 Privates 
at the West End of the Bridge; they are to assist the Saw 
yers in Putting Logs on the Saw pitts a Subaltern 2 Serjts. 
2 Corplls. & 46 Privates to Releive the Battoe party For 
this Duty Lt. Stiles -A Subaltern 1 Serjt. 1 Corpl. & 30 
privates to parrade Early to Morrow Morning for Repairg. 
the Roads Leading to F ; Miller they are to Begin where the 
Last party left of & make the Roads of the same Breadth 
& Goodness For this Duty Lt. Stiles; Ordered that Lt. 
Stiles go in the Battoes 

26th Sunday Do. 3 French Prisoners Deserted from 
Niagara taken up at the 4 Mile Picquet & Brought Down 
to Fort Edward - 

Monday Fort Edward: 27th. Augt. 1759 - Parole Graham - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Williams for 
Guard Lt Stiles - to Visit the Barracks Ensn Baker The 
Royal Blockhouse Island & B Houses No. 1 & 3 to be Re- 
leiv d to Morrow - 

27th Monday Fort Edward: 27th Augt. 1759. Lt. 
Dayton & Lt. Scott sent out in Search of French Deserters 
with a party of 30 Men. Reed, a Letter from Benja. by 
Capt. Stevens 23 Visited the Barracks - 



23 Benjamin Henshaw was a brother of the author of this volume. See entry of 
Sep. 7, post p. 231, where he is referred to as Brother Benjamin. The bearer of 
letter was probably Capt. Adam Stevens or Stephens. 



228 American Antiquarian Society. 

Tuesday Fort Edward: 28th Augt. 1759 
- Parole Northumberland - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow -Capt. Whiting; for 
Guard Lt Henshaw- To Visit the Barracks Lt. Dayton 
The Bridge & Blockhouse : No. 4 to be Releiv d to Morrow 
-a Subaltern 1 Serjt. 1 Corpll. & 30 privs. to parade at 
6 Clock to Morrow to Repair the Road to Fort Miller; 
they are to Begin where the Last Party left of - for this 
Duty Ensn. Baker 

28th Tuesday Do. Wrote a Letter to Danll. [Henshaw] 
at Boston by Doct. Hudson of Hooseek The partys that 
went out Yesterday Returnd without Making any 
Discoveries 

Wednesday Fort Edward : 29th. Augt. 1759 
- Parole Durham - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Williams - for 
Guard Ensn. Baker To Visit the Barracks Lt. Scott - 
the Royal Blockhouse Island & Blockhouses No. 1 & 3 
to be Releiv d to Morrow -A Subaltern 1 Serjt. 1 Corpll. 
& 30 Privts. to Repair the Roads, they must Cut the Timber 
at least 14 Feet long & Begin where the party left of to 
Day for this Duty - Lt. Gibbs - 

29th Wednesday - Do. Releiv d the Guard - my Coat 
broughft] from Albany the Jacket & Breeches taken out of 
Chest 

Fort Edward Thursday: soth. Augt. 1759 
- Parole Cumberland - 

Capt of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting; for 
Guard Lt. Dayton To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Free 
man. The Bridge & Block house No. 4 to be Releiv d 
to Morrow - the same party that went to Day to go 
Early to Morrow to Fort Miller for Provision -A Sub 
altern 1 Serjt. 1 Corp. & 30 Privates for the Road - for this 
Duty Lt. Scott 

30th Thursday Do. Dismissed the Guard 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 229 

Friday Fort Edward, 3ist. Augt. 1759 - Parole Redney - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Luse - For Guard 
Lt. Gibbs- To Visit the Barracks Lt. Stiles The Royal 
Blockhouse Island & B Houses No. 1 & 3 to be Releiv d 
to Morrow the Battoe party formerly Order d [is] to go 
to Fort Miller for provision to Morrow: & if the day is fair 
the party Order d Yesterday [is] to go to the Roads - 

31st Do. Friday Rainy, staid in Fort all Day- 

Saturday Fort Edward: ist Sept. 1759 -Parole Prussia - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Williams; for Guard 
Lt. Scott; To Visit the Barracks Lt. Henshaw -the Bridge 
& Block house No. 4 to be Releiv d to Morrow -a Sub 
altern 2 Serjts. 2 Corplls & 46 privates to go Early to Morrow 
morning to Fort Miller for provision - for this Duty Lt. 
Styles - A Garrison Court Martial to Set at 10 Clock to 
Morrow - 

Capt Whiting pressident 

Lt. Dayton Lt. Henshaw ) Members 

Ensn. Freeman & Ensn. Force j 

The Prisoners to be Acquainted & all Evidences to Attend. 

1st. Sept. Saturday Fort Edward Do. 1759 in the After 
noon went a Hunting & Blackberring 5 Miles Down the 
River 

Sunday Fort Edward: 2d. Sept 1759 - Parole Denmark - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting - for 
Guard Ensn. Frem n . To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Baker 
the Royal Blockhouse Island & B : Houses No. 1 & 3 to be 
Releivd to M. The same party that went this Day to go to 
Morrow Morng. for provision A Subn. Serjt. Corpll. & 
30 privates to Repair the Roads; for this Duty Lt. Henshaw - 

2d. Sunday - Cloudy & Rainy -Set on a Court Martial 
to Try a Man for sleeping on his Post - Pardoned. 24 



See entry under this date. Ante p. 154. 



230 American Antiquarian Society. 

Monday Fort Edward Sept. 3 - 1759 - Parole Cronstat - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Luse; for Guard 
Lt. Stiles to Visit the Barracks Lt. Dayton The Bridge 
& B : House No. 4 to be Releiv d to Morrow - A Subaltern 
2 Serjts. 2 Corplls. & 46 privates to go Early to Morrow for 
provision for this Duty Lt. Henshaw - 

3d Monday Do. at the Island 

Tuesday Fort Edward 4 Sept. 1759 - Parole Hampstead - 
A Garrison Court Martial to Set Immediately 
Lt, Gibbs Lt. Scott 



^ T , ^ r Members 

Ensn. freeman & Ensn. Baker 

The prisoners to be Acquainted & all Evidences to Attend. 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Williams; for Guard : 
Ensn. Baker To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Force the 
Royal B : House Island & B : Houses No. 1 & 3 to be Releiv d 
to Morrow -the Same Officer & party that went to Day 
to go to Morrow for provision. Complaint being made 
that the Sutlers take an Extravagant Price for their Chees - 
for the Future no Sutlers is to take or none belonging to 
the Garrison to give more then One shilling New Y[ork] Cur 
rency pr. pound for New Chees Under the pain of being 
Severly punish d - this Order to be Read to the Companys 
& Communicated to ye Sutlers - 

4th Tuesday Do. Went down to Fort Miller with 10 
Battoes Brought up 72 Barrls. of Flowr. 38 Barrls. Pork, 
2 Tearse Bread & 1 Barrl. Peas. Bought a Tump 25 line, 
Bullet pouch & Strap 2/ L M 

Wednesday Fort Edward: 5th. Sept 1759 
- Parole Kensington - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Whiting - for Guard 
Lt. Dayton - to Visit the Barracks Lt. Gibbs - the Bridge 
& Block house No. 4 to be Releiv d to Morrow -a Subn. 



K A tump line is a line or strap passing across the forehead and attached to a pack 
on the back thus aiding the burden bearer. L. M. is, of course, legal money. 



The Orderly Book oj Lieut. William Henshaw. 231 

2 Serjts. 2 Corplls. & 46 Privates to go Early to Morrow to 
Fort Miller for Provision for this Duty Ensn. Force 

5th Wednesday Cloudy Went to F Miller for provision 
50 Men 10 Battoes Brot up 108 Barrls. Flowr. 10 Barrls. 
Pork the River high. 

Thursday Fort Edwd. Sept. 6 1759 - Parole Dumblane - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Luse - for Guard 
Lt. Gibbs-To Visit the Barracks Lt. Scott -the Royal 
Block house Island & B. Houses No. 1 & 3 to be Releivd 
to Morrow, the same Officer & party that went this Day 
to go to Morrow for provision - 

6th Thursday Do. Capt. [Adam] Stephens Ariv d here from 
Crown point 

Friday Fort Edward 7th. Sept. 1759 - Parole Andraseer - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Williams - for 
Guard Lt. Scott - To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Freeman - 
the Bridge & Blockhouse No. 4 to be Releiv d to Morrow 
-A subaltern 2 Serjts. 2 Corplls. & 56 privates to go to 
Morrow for provision - for this duty Lt. Stiles 

7th Friday Do. Capt. Stevens Set out for home; Wrote 
a Letter to Brother Benja. by Mr. Smedley of Mansfield 
in Connecticut. 

Saturday Fort Edward 8th Sept. 1759 - Parole Flamborough - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting - for 
Guard Ensn. Freeman - To Visit the Barracks Lt. Henshaw 
- the Royal Blockhouse Island & B : Houses No. 1 & 3 to 
be Releivd to Morrow - the same Officer & party that Went 
to Day to go to Morrow to Fort Miller for provision. 

8 Saturday Fort Edwd. Rainy Over at the Island 

Sunday Fort Edward 9th. Sept. 1759 - Parole Stamford - 

Capt of the Day for to Morrow Capt Luse for Guard 
Lt. Henshaw to Visit the Barracks Lt. Dayton the 



232 American Antiquarian Society. 

Bridge & Block house No. 4 to be Releiv d to Morrow - 
A Subn. 2 Serjts. 2 Corplls. & 56 privs. to go to Morrow 
for Provision - for this Duty Ensn. Baker - 

9th Sunday Fair. Walk d with Mr. Bowman to the 
4 Mile Picquet the River very High the Scow Bridge 
Broke - 

Monday Fort Edward: loth Sept. 1759 - Parole Minas - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Williams for 
Guard Lt. Dayton; To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Force the 
Royal Blockhouse Island & Blockhouses No. 1 & 3 to be 
Releiv d to Morrow the Battoe party for this Day Goes 
to Morrow - 10th Sept. Monday Do. - Releiv d the 
Guard - 

Tuesday nth. Sept. 1759 - Parole Werkindam - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting; for guard 
Ensn. Force to Visit the Barracks Lt. Scott the Bridge 
& Block house No. 4 to be Releiv d to Morrow -A Subn. 
2 Serjts. 2 Corplls. & 56 privates to go to Morrow for pro vi 
sion -and None but the strong healthy Men abel for the 
service to be Sent - for this Duty Lt. Gibbs - A Garrison 
Court Martial to set at 10 Clock to Morrow - 

Capt Williams, Pressident 

Lt. Dayton Lt. Scott 1 ,, 

T -L cu-i e v r Members 

Lt. Stiles & Ensn. Freeman j 

The Prisoners to be Acquainted & all Evidences to Attend - 
llth Tuesday Do. Went to the Island - 

Wednesday Fort Edward Sept. i2th. 1759 - Parole Waldeck - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Luse; for Guard 
- Lt. Scott To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Freeman the Royal 
Blockhouse Island & Blockhouse No. 1 & 3 to be Releiv d 
to Morrow the Battoe party Continues A Serjt or Corpll. 
with 30 Privates to Cut Wood to Morrow for Fires the 
Logs Must be Split & they are to Continue till Further 
Orders & Cut near the Bridge - 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 233 

12th Wednesday : Do. two Prisoners try d one for Insulting 
an Officer the other for Exacting Money of a Sutler for 
Lowering the Bridge 

Thursday Fort Edward Sept. isth. 1759 
Parole Limbrick - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Williams for 
Guard Ensn. Freeman To Visit the Barracks Lt. Stiles 
the Bridge & Blockhouse No. 4 to be Releiv d to Morrow 
-the Battoe & Wood Cutting party s to Continue. 

13th Thursday Rain in Afternoon Heard that Genl. 
Wolfe was Retreated to his Former Incampment & that 
he Lost 500 of the Young Highland Regt. near Quebec in 
Going to Fetch of Three Hund. Fat Cattle of the Enemy s. - 

Friday Fort Edward Sept. i4th. 1759 - Parole Boyne - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting for 
Guard - Lt. Stiles; to Visit the Barracks -Lt. Henshaw 
the Royal Blockhouse Island & Blockhouses No. 1 & 3 
to be Releiv d to Morrow the Wood Cutting party to 
Continue - : No Battoe Party to Morrow but the Whole of 
those Imploy d to Day to parade at 8 Clock to Morrow to 
Repair the Bridge A cross the Creek - 14th 26 Friday fair 
Nothing Remarkable. 

Saturday: 15 Sept. 1759 - Parole Duncannon - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow: Capt. Luse - For Guard 
Lt Henshaw -To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Baker the 
Bridge & Block house No. 4 to be Releivd to Morrow - the 
Wood Cutting party to Continue till further Orders A 
Subn. 2 Serjts. 2 Corpll. & 46 privates to go to Morrow for 
provision - for this Duty - Lt. Gibbs - 

15th 26 Saturday Do. Visited Barracks over at the Island. 
A garrison Court Martial to set at 10 Clock to Morrow - 



This entry for Sep. 14 is separated by a day from the remainder of the notes 
for the 14th in the original text, as in the second entry for Sep. 15. They are placed 
in their proper order in this volume. 



234 American Antiquarian Society. 

Capt. Whiting Pressident 

Lt. Dayton Lt. Scott 1 , T , 

TT. -Di p -n T^ r Members 

Ensn. Baker & Ensn. Force j 

The Prisoners to be Acquainted and all Evidences to Attend. 

Sunday Fort Edward Sept. 16: 1759 

- Parole Killkenny - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Williams; for Guard : 
Ensn. Baker To Visit the Barracks Lt. Dayton The 
Royal Blockhouse Island & Blockhouses: No. 1 & 3 to be 
Releiv d to Morrow - the Wood Cutting party to Continue 
- No Battoe party to Morrow 

16th Sunday Do. Releiv d the Guard Former Govr. 
of So. Carolina Return d from Crown point - 2 prisoners 
Try d for a Riot over at the Island. 

Monday Fort Edward i7th Sept. 1759 - Parole Airth - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Whiting - for Guard 
Lt. Dayton - To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Force - the 
Bridge & Blockhouse No. 4 to be Releiv d to Morrow - 
the Battoe party to go to Morrow if the Day is fair the 
Wood Cutting Continues. 

Monday Fort Edward 17 Sept. 1759 Rainy Wet 
Day ; Dismissed the Guard - 

Tuesday Fort Edward Sept. i8th. 1759 

- Parole Galloway - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Luse - For Guard 
Ensn. Force - To Visit the Barracks: Lt. Scott; the Royal 
Blockhouse Island & Blockhouses No. 1 & 3 to be Releivd 
to Morrow; the Battoe & wood Cutting Continues; No 
Person Belonging to the Garrison or Hospital to stay at 
any of the Sutlers after Night fall under the pain of being 
Severly punished & any Sutler that Entertains them after 
Night fall shall have his Liquor Spilt - & he shall be 
Drummed out from the Garrison - This Order to be read to 
the Companys at Roll Calling & Communicated to the Sutlers - 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 235 

18th Tuesday Fair - Moved into the Lower Room & 
Staid in the Fort all Day - 

Wednesday Fort Edward igth Sept. 1759 

- Parole Montresor - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Williams - For 
Guard Lt Scott -To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Freeman 
the Bridge & Blockhouse No. 4 to be Releiv d to Morrow - 
the Battoe party Goes to Morrow - if the Day be fair the 
Wood Cutting party Continues; they are to Cord & Split 
all the Wood they have Cut as they are to Change Next 
Day- 

19 Wednesday Do. staid in Fort all Day 27 

Thursday Fort Edward: 2oth. Sept. 1759 

- Parole Whitehall - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting - for 
Guard Ensn. Freeman; To Visit the Barracks Lt. Stiles - 
the Royal Blockhouse Island & Blockhouses No. 1 & 3 
to be Releivd to Morrow - 

20 Thursday Do. - Settled Accompts with the Officers 

Friday Fort Edward 2ist. Sept. 1759 
- Parole Jamaica - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Luse For Guard 
-Lt. Stiles To Visit the Barracks Lt. Henshaw The 
Bridge & Blockhouse No. 4 to be Releivd to Morrow the 
Battoe & Wood Cutting partys continue the Wood Cutters 
to Cord all they have Cut. Capt. Luse Lt. Scott Ensn. 
Freeman & Lt. Henshaw & Mr. Washington Comissary 
for the Crown to Inspect some provision Said to be Dam 
nified at 11 Clock to Morrow Morning - 

21st Friday Do. Wrote a Letter home by Mr. Herrod 
of Sutton. 



27 This second entry for Sep. 19 is between the two entries for Sep. 20 in the original 
text. It is given in its proper order in this volume. 



236 American Antiquarian Society. 

Saturday Fort Edward 22d. Sept. 1759 
- Parole Bermudas - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Whiting - For 
Guard - Lt. Henshaw - to Visit the Barracks - Ensn. Baker. 
The Royal Blockhouse Island & Blockhouses No. 1 & 3 
to be Releiv d to Morrow No Battoe or Wood Cutting 
Party s - 

22d Saturday Do. Visited the Barracks Inspected Some 
provision said to be Damnified, Condemned 7 Barrs. of 
Flow r 1 Tearse of Bread: 2 of Beans &c. 
Fort Edward 22d. Sept. 1759 
W. Henshaw 

Sunday Fort Edward: 23d. Sept. 1759 
- Parole St. Christopher - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting - for 
Guard Ensn. Baker - To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Force 
the Bridge & Blockhouse No. 4 to be Releiv d to Morrow. 
No Battoe or W r ood Cutting party s - a Serjt. Corpll. & 
24 Privates to parade at 7 Clock to Morrow for Fatigue 
they are to take 3 Battoes; they are to Cut & Carry Wood 
from the Furthest part of the Wood above the Fort to the 
Hospital & to be very Careful they do not hurt the Battoes ~ 

23d Sunday Do. Dismiss d the Guard. Nothing Extra 
ordinary this Guard - 

Monday Fort Edward 24th Septr. 1759 
- Parole Guardaloop - 

Capt of the Day for to Morrow Capt Luse-For Guard 
Ensn. Force; To Visit the Barracks Lt. Gibbs the Royal 
Blockhouse Island & B: Houses No. 1 & 3 to be Releiv d 
to Morrow - A serjt. Corpll. & 30 privates to parade at 
8 Clock to Morrow for Fatigue they are to Repair the Road 
across the Creek & to Carry 8 Hatchets & 8 spades with 
them- 

24th Monday Do. Dismiss d the Guard Reports brought 
in Nothing Extraordinary - 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 237 

Tuesday Fort Edward 25th. Sept. 1759 

- Parole Providence - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Williams -For 
Guard Lt. Gibbs-To Visit the Barracks Lt. Stiles -the 
Bridge & Blockhouse No. 4 to be Releiv d to Morrow - all 
the Vents in the Fort to be Swept to Morrow a Sub. Serjt. 
Corpll. & 24 Privates to parade Early to Morrow Morning 
to Repair the Roads betwixt this & Fort Miller they are 
to Begin at the first bad steps & work Downwards for 
this Duty Lt. Scott the Battoe party goes to Morrow 
for this Duty - Ensn. Freeman. 

25th Tuesday Do. Lieut, from the 4 Mile Picquet Came 
to see us - 

Wednesday Fort Edward 26th. Sept. 1759 

- Parole Grandterre - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Whiting For 
Guard Lt. Scott - To Visit the Barracks Lt. Henshaw the 
Royal Blockhouse Island & Blockhouses No. 1 & 3 to be 
Releiv d to Morrw. A Subaln. Serjt. Corpll. & 24 Privates 
for the Roads to Fort Miller: they are to Begin where the 
party this Day left of & work Down wards; for this Duty 
Lt. Stiles - the Officer & Battoe party Continues - A Return 
to be Giv n in this Night or Early to Morrow of all the Men 
in the Garrison that have Been Bred Sailors - 

26th Wednesday Do. Lt. Holliston from the Way 
Brook Came to see us 

Thursday Fort Edward 27th. Sept. 1759 

- Parole Bassaterre - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Luse - For Guard 
Lt. Stiles - To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Baker the Bridge 
& Blockhouse No. 4 to be Releiv d to Morrow a Subaln. 
Serjt. Corpll. & 24 Privates for the Roads For this Duty 
Lt. Henshaw 

27 Thursday: Do. Nehemiah Gale came Sick from 
the Lake was Carried to the Hospital on the Island; Omitted 



238 American Antiquarian Society. 

Visiting Barracks 12 Men Draughted out of the Garrison 
to Man the Brig at Crown point set out to Day- 

Friday Fort Edward 28th. Sept. 1759 - Parole Windsor - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Williams - For 
Guard Lt Henshaw-to Visit the Barracks Ensn. Force - 
the Royal Blockhouse Island & Blockhouses No. 1 & 
3 to be Releivd to Morrow - for the Battoe party to 
Morrow Ensn. Baker - for the Roads - Lt. Dayton 
- a Garrison Court Martial to set at 10 Clock to 
Morrow - 

Capt. Luse Pressident 

Ensn. Freeman Lt. Stiles ) ,, , 
T^ T^ p TJ. /-ruu r Members 

Ensn. Force & Lt. Gibbs J 

the Prisoners to be Acquainted & all Evidences to attend - 

28th Friday Do. - Went with the Working party on 
the Roads - Cause way d Each side of the 2 Mile Bridge 

Saturday Fort Edward 2pth. Sept. 1759 
- Parole Hampton Court - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting - for 
Guard Lt. Dayton - To Visit the Barracks Lt. Gibbs - the 
Bridge & Blockhouse No. 4 to be Releiv d to Morrow - the 
Battoe party Continues & they are to take Care they Dont 
break the Battoes & if any are Broke through Carelisness 
the Expence of Repairing will be Kept of their Wages - 
the Officer that Commands the party is to Report if 
any Battoes is hurt; for the Road party to Morrow Ensn. 
Force - 

29th Saturday Do. A flying Report that Genii. Wolfe 
has taken Quebec Releivd the Main Guard. 

Sunday Fort Edward aoth. Sept. 1759 
- Parole Northampton - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Luse - For Guard 
Ensn. Force - to Visit the Barracks Lt Scott the Royal 
Blockhouse & Island & Blockhouses No. 1 & 3 to be Rel d . 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 239 

to Morrow the Battoe party Continues For the Roads 
to Morrow Lt. Gibbs. 

30th Sunday, Do. Dismiss d the Main Guard; Nothg. 
Extraordinary. Went to the Island to Visit the Sick in 
the Hospital - 

1st Octo. Monday Do. - Jno. Allen of Sutton in Capt. 
Baldwins Compy. Deceas d this Day about Daybreak 
Priz d his Cloathing 14/ L[egal] M[oney] Saml. Gordon 
Fetched my Waistcoat & Breeches from Albany - 

Monday Fort Edward ist. Octo. 1759 
- Parole Winchester - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Williams; For Guard 
Lt. Gibbs -To Visit the Barracks Lt. Stiles the Bridge 
& Blockhouses No. 1 & 3 to be Releivd to Morrow the 
Battoe party Continues - For the Roads Lt. Scott - 

Tuesday Fort Edwd. 2d. Octo - 1759 
- Parole Herenhousen - 

Capt. of the Day to Morrow Capt. Whiting For Guard 
Lt. Scott - To Visit the Barracks Lt. Henshaw the Royal 
B[lock] H[ouse] Island & Bflock] Houses No. 1 & 3 to be 
Releiv d to Morrow the Battoe party Continues - For 
the Roads Lt. Stiles - 2d Tuesday Do. Went a Hunting 
N[othing] Remarkable 

Fort Edward Octo. sd. 1759 - Parole Mendon - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Luse, For Guard 
Lt. Stiles, To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Baker the Bridge 
& Block house No. 4 to be Releiv d to Morrow -the 
Battoe party Continues A Garison Court Martial to set 
Imediately 

Capt Williams Pressident 

Lt. Henshaw Lt Dayton ) M 
Ensn. Baker & Ensn. Force f* 

the Prisoner to be Acquainted & all Evidences to Attend 



240 American Antiquarian Society. 

3d. Octo. Wednesday Moffit Try d for Striking & Kicking 
"Poll "Jones - 

H[enshaw?] 28 150 

B[aker?] 400 

D[ayton?] 200 

F[orce?] 100 

WpUiams?] 250 

5 | 1050 | 210 S 

Thursday Fort Edward : 4 Octo. - Parole Frankfort - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting For 
Guard Lt. Henshaw To Visit the Barracks Lt. Dayton 
the Battoe party Continues - the Royal Blockhouse Island 
& Blockhouses No. 1 & 3 to be Releiv d to Morrow for 
Fatigue 1 Serjt. 16 privates they are to take two Battoes 
with them & Carry Firewood for the Hospital. 4th Thurs 
day Do. Nothing Extraordinary. 

Friday Fort Edwd. Octo. 5th 1759 - Parole Menen - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting for 
Guard -Ensn. Baker To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Force 
the Bridge & Block house No. 4 to be Releiv d to Morrow 
the Battoe party Continues -a serjt. & 16 Men to Carry 
Wood to the Hospital 

5th October at Fort Edward 1759 Friday Releiv d 
the Guard Rainy [Timothy] Woodbridge Esqr. Capt. 
Lt. of the 4 Mile post to see us. A Set Down. 29 

Saturday Fort Edwd. Octo 6th. 1759 - Parole Brussels - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Luse; for Guard 
Lt. Dayton To Visit the Barracks Lt Gibbs the R Block 
House Island & B. Houses No. 1 & 3 to be Releiv d to 
Morrow; the Battoe party Continues; a serjt. & 16 p[rivates] 
to Carry Wood to the Hospital. 

* 8 This account may be between these officers and Ryan and Spear, the sutlers 
with whose accounts Henshaw was engaged the following week. The expense may 
have been in part for the banquet to Timothy Woodbridge. 

29 Ar 
bridge. 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 241 

6th Saturday Fair. Dismissed the Guard Mr Wood- 
bridge Gone to the Lake a set Down at Nt. 

Sunday: 7th. Octo. Fort Edward 1759 - Parole Venango - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Williams - For 
Guard - Ensn. Force - To Visit the Barracks Lt. Scott - 
the Bridge & B[lock] H[ouse] No. 4 to be Releiv d to Morrow 
- the Battoe party Continues. A Serjt & 12 Men to Carry 
Wood to Hospital. 7th Sunday Do. Staid in Fort - 

Monday Fort Edward 8th Octr. 1759 - Parole Fort Miller - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Whiting for Guard 
Lt. Gibbs-To Visit the Barracks Lt. Stiles the R[oyal] 
B[lock] House Island & B Houses No. 1 & 3 to be Releivd 
to Morrow the Battoe party Continues -A Serjt. & 
22 Men to take 5 Battoes & Cut & Carry Wood to the Hos 
pital to Morrow. 

8th Monday Very Warm Staid in Fort Settling 
Accompts between Ryan & Spear sutlers in partnership 

Tuesday Fort Edward 9th Octr. 1759 
- Parole Presque Isle - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Luse - For Guard 
Lt Scott To Visit the Barracks Lt. Henshaw the Bridge 
& Block house No. 4 to be Releiv d to Morrow - the Battoe 
party Continues - A Serjt. & 16 Men to Carry Wood to the 
Hospital. 

Tuesday 9th. Octr. Do. Warm Setling Accompts between 
Ryan & Spear N[othing] Extraordinary 

Fort Edward: loth Octo. 1759 - Parole Saratoga - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Williams;- For 
Guard Lt. Stiles To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Baker; the 
R B House Island & B Houses No. 1 & 3 to be Releiv d 
to Morrow the Battoe party Continues & they are to Carry 
the Sick they will be Delivered to them upon the Island - 
A Serjt. & 16 to go Early to Morrow Morning with the 18 



242 American Antiquarian Society. 

Men that Came from Albany - & he is to Deliver them to 
the Commanding Officer at Lake George - 

10th Wednesday Do. It has been very Warm for 4 Days 
past Sent a Lettr. home by [John] Holton of Button, Lt. 
Worthington Came Down with 40 Invalids this Day Setling 
Accts. between the Sutlers 

Fort Edward nth. Octo. 1759 - Parole Dantzick - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Whiting - For 
Guard Lt. Henshaw To Visit the Barracks Lt. Dayton 
the Bridge & Block house No. 4 to be Releiv d to Morrow - 
the Battoe party Continues & are to [bring] Down all the 
Sick that Can have Room to Morrow. A Serjt. & 16 Men 
to Cut & Carry Wood from the Lower Bridge with the two 
Battoes prepared this Day 

llth Thursday Do. Lt. [John] W^orthington set of with 
the Invalids -A party from our Hospital Joyn d him; 
Mr. Shaw went wth him Finished Setling Accompts Between 
Ryan & Spear 

Fort Edward i2th. Octr. 1759 - Parole Lemerick - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Luse - For Guard 
Ensn. Baker To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Force the 
R. B. House Island & B. Houses No. 1 & 3 to be Releiv d 
to Morrow the Battoe party Continues A Serjt. & 16 
Men to Carry Wood to the Hospital 

12th Friday Rainy - Mr. Furbush & the Jersey Chaplain 
set out this Morning with 100 Invalids - Releiv d the Main 
Guard 

Saturday Fort Edward: isth. 1759 - Parole Brunswick - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Williams - for 
Guard Lt Dayton To Visit the Barracks Lt Gibbs the 
Bridge & B. House No. 4 to be Releivd to Morrow A Serjt 
& 16 Men to Carry Wood to the Hospital - 

13th Saturday Rainy all Day. Dismissed the Guard 
[Wind] N. E. 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 243 

Fort Edward i4th. Octo. 1759 - Parole Fife - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting -For 
Guard Ensn. Force To Visit the Barracks Lt. Scott the 
R. B. House Island & B[lock] houses No. 1 & 3 to be Releivd 
to Morrow; the Battoe party Continues -A Serjt. & 16 
Men to Carry Wood to the Hospital 

14 Octo. Sunday Fort Edward 1759 Took a Walk 
out very pleasant 

Fort Edward isth Octr. 1759 - Parole Herbertshur - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Luse - For Gd. 
Lt Gibbs To Visit the Barracks Lt. Stiles the Bridge 
& B. House No. 4 to be Releiv d to Morrow; the Battoes 
go to Morrow -A Serjt. & 16 Men to Carry Wood to the 
Hospital - 15th Monday Do. Walk d to the 4 Mile post 

Fort Edward i6th Octo. - 1759 - Parole Quebec - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Williams For Gd. 
Lt Scott - To Visit the Barracks Lt. Henshaw the R : B : 
house Island & B : house No. 1 & 3 to be Releiv d to Morrow 
the Battoe & wood Cutting Partys Continue - 

16th Octor. at Fort Edward Tuesday Cold Morng. 
heard the News of Quebec being taken -Genii. [James] 
Wolfe & Colo. [Robert] Monkton 30 Kffl d - Genii. [Louis 
Joseph Marquis de] Montcalm & the 1st. & 2d. next in 
Command with 1500 KilFd & made prisoners Went up 
to the Great Falls to see them - struck across to the half 
way Brook from thence home - 

Wednesday Fort Edward i7th Octobr. 1759 
- Parole Townsend - 

Capt of the Day for to Morrow Capt Whiting For Guard 
- Lt. Stiles - To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Baker the 
Bridge to be Releiv d to Morrow 1 Subn. 2 Serjts. & 80 



30 This report so far as it concerned the death of Col. Morickton was incorrect. 
Monckton was seriously wounded at this time but recovered, later becoming a 
Lieutenant General in the British army on Apr. 30, 1770. He died in England, 
May 3, 1782. 



244 American Antiquarian Society. 

privates to parade at 8 Clock To Morrow to Cut & Carry 
Wood to the Hospital - the Battoe party makes a part of 
that Number they are to take 8 Battoes - for this Duty 
Lt. Dayton 

17th Wednesday, Fair & pleasent - Capt. Paine set out 
for home he came here yesterday - Visited the Barracks &c 

Fort Edward i8th. Octobr. 1759 - Parole Hague - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Luse - for Guard 
Lt. Henshaw; To Visit the Barracks Lt. Dayton the Royal 
Blockhouse & Island to be Releiv d to Morrow - 1 Sub. 
1 Serjt. 2 Corpll. & 50 privates to Cut & Cord Wood below 
the Bridge - For this Duty Ensn. Force A Serjt. & 20 Men 
to Repair the Roads across the Creek Both parties to 
Parade at 8 Clock 

18th Thursday -Do. Staid in Fort all Day Nothing 
Remarkable at Fort Edward - all s Well 

Fort Edward ipth Octo. 1759 - Parole Ardoch - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Williams For 
Guard Ensn. Baker To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Force 
the Bridge to be Releiv d to Morrow the Battoe party to 
go for provision to Morrow -A Serjt. Corpll. & 30 Men to 
Cut wood & to parade at 8 Clock- 

19th Friday Do. Releivd the Main Guard heard that 
Genii. Amherst had taken one & Sunk [other] Vessels in 
the Lake 

Fort Edward 2oth. Octobr. 1759 - Parole Aberdeen - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting - For 
Guard Ensn. Force To Visit the Barracks Lt. Gibbs- 
the Royal Block house & Island to be Releiv d to Morrow - 
an Officer & 80 Men to parade at 8 Clock to Cut Wood 
the Battoe party makes a part of that Number -who are 
first to Carry the Straw over to the Island - Capt. Stirling 31 



31 Captain Stirling here mentioned is probably the William Alexander, Lord 
Stirling of later days. 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 245 

Expects that Every 20 Men will Cut 13 Cord of Wood & 
the Officer is to make Report of the same for this Duty 
Lt. Scott - 

20th Octo. Saturday Fair & pleasent Dismissed the 
Guards N. Extr y . Timo. Woodbridge Esqr. & Lt. [Jacob] 
Tilton Commander at the 4 Mile Picquet to see us 

Fort Edward 2ist. of Octo. 1759 - Parole Oxford - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Luse - For Guard 
Lt. Gibbs-to Visit the Barracks Lt. Scott the Bridge 
Guards to be Releiv d to Morrow; the same Number of Men 
to parade to Morrow as to Day to Cut Wood - For this 
Duty Ensn. Freeman 

21st Sunday Do. Very Warm Heard the Court had 
Voted to keep the Massachusetts Troops in pay till the 1st. 
of Deer, at the Desire of the Genrl. if the Service Requird it - 

Fort Edward 22d. Octobr. 1759 - Parole Boscawen - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Williams - for 
Guard Lt Scott - to Visit the Barracks Ensn. Freemn the 
Royal Blockhouse & Island to be Releiv d to Morrow - the 
Wood Cutting party continues For this Duty - Lt. Stiles - 

22d Monday - Do. Tarry d in Fort all Day Very hard 
Rain at Night 

Fort Edward 23d. Octo. 1759 - Parole Cambridge - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Whiting - For Guard 
Ensn. Freeman To Visit the Barracks Lt. Stiles the 
Bridge Guard to be Releivd to Morrow the Wood Cutting 
party goes to Morrow if the Day be Fair - for this Duty 
Lieut Henshaw - 

23d Octo. Tuesday Rain F Edwd. 1759 Serjt. Toy 
Return d from Crown point 

Fort Edward Octo. 24th. 1759 - Parole Farquhar - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Luse - for Guard 
Lt. Stiles - To Visit the Barracks Lt. Henshaw the Royal 



246 American Antiquarian Society. 

Blockhouses & Island to be Releiv d to Morrow the Battoe 
party goes to Morrow for this Duty Ensn. Baker 

24th Wednesday Cold -a Report that the Army is 
Return d to Crown Point Went With a party of 30 Men 
to Cut Wood -Cut & Corded 51 J Cord &c 

Fort Edward 25th. Octo. 1759 - Parole Erskine - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Williams; For Guard 
Lt. Henshaw; To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Baker; the 
Bridge Guards to be Releivd to Morrow; A Sub: 1 Serjt. 
2 Corplls. & 42 Privates to go to Fort Miller for provision ; 
for this Duty Ensn. Force; A Serjt. Corpll. & 24 privates 
to take 2 Battoes & Cut & Carry Wood to the Hospital to 
Morrow 

25th. Thursday. Cloudy. Thanksgiving this Day in 
the Massachusets Province - Eleven Officers Din d together. 
PL Pug. Rt Pok. & Mutn. Roe Dr. Cabg. Caro. Turk. 32 
Visited the Barracks 

Fort Edward: 26th. Octo. 1759 - Parole St. Andrews - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Whiting -For 
Guard Ensn. Baker -To Visit the Barracks Ensn. Force 
the Royal Blockhouse & Island to be Releiv d to Morrow - 
A Sub. 1 Serjt. 2 Corplls. & 37 Privates to go to Fort Miller 
for provision with 8 Battoes to Morrow -for this Duty 
Lt. Gibbs - A Serjt. Corpll. & 30 privates to Cut Wood at 
the East End of the Bridge to Morrow - 

26th Friday - Fair - Releiv d the Guard - Nothing 
Material 

Saturday Fort Edward 27th. Octo. 1759 
- Parole Dumbferline - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Luse - For Guard 
Ensn. Force To Visit the Barracks Lt. Gibbs - the Bridge 
Guards to be Releiv d to Morrow - A Sub : 1 Serjt. 2 Corplls. 
& 45 Privates to go with 8 Battoes to bring up Provision - 



32 Plum Pudding, Roast Pork and Mutton, Roe Deer, Cabbage, Carrot and Turkey. 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 247 

they are to carry Down 5 Battoes besides which are to be 
left at Fort Miller to be Repaird; the Officer to Oblige the 
Men to put in 15 Barrels in Each Battoe for the Future; 
for this Duty - Lt. Scott - a Serjt. Corpll. & 24 Men to Cut 
Wood to Morrow; the Serjt. to take Care that the Men 
Split Wood into such pieces as One Man may be Able to 
Load it. 

27th Saturday Do. Dismiss d the Guard - took a Ride 
with Lt. - -as far as the 4 Mile Picquet - Capt. Richard 
son Came from Crown Point - 

Sunday Fort Edward 28 th Octo. 1759 
- Parole Greenock - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Williams; for Guard 
Lt. Gibbs To Visit the Barracks Lt. Scott the Royal 
B House & Island guards to be Releiv d to Morrow - the 
Battoe party goes to Morrow - for this Duty - Ensn. Free 
man - A Serjt. Corpll. & 24 Privates to Cut Wood to Morrow- 

28th Sunday Do. Capt. Richardson set out for home 
Wrote a Lettr. to B[rother] Denny 

Fort Edwd. 2pth Octo. 1759 - Parole Levingstone - 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt Whiting - for Guard 
Lt. Scott - To Visit the Barracks Ensn Freeman - the 
Bridge to be Releiv d to Morrow the Battoe party Goes 
to Morrow For this Duty Lt. Stiles A Serjt. Corpll. & 24 
privates to Cut Wood As the time for which the provin 
cial Troops were Misted is Near Expired the Companys 
are to be Acquainted at Roll Calling that his Excellency 
Genl. Amherst finding it to be Absolutely Necessarry for 
the Good of the Service to Keep the Troops some time 
Longer, to put the Important post of Crown point in a 
Respectable Footing has wrote to the Several Governments 
Acquaint g them therewith & Desiring a longer Provision 
to be made for the troops & they being Satisfied with the 
Necessity thereof, have ordered that the provincial Troops 
shall Remain till the 1st. of Deer, if his Excelly. finds it 
Necessary, & it is Expected that none in the Garison as 



248 American Antiquarian Society. 

they have Behaved so Well During the Campaigne will 
think of Deserting the service of their Country or Officers 
while the Regts. they Belong to do Remain at Crown point 
& his Excellency Genl. Amherst is Detirmind to punish 
with the Utmost Severity any Man that is Catched Attempt 
ing to Desert or Inticing others to Desert - 

29th Monday Fort Edward 29th. Octo. 1759 Cold 
Chilly Day 

Fort Edwd. 3oth. Octo. 1759 - Parole Fort Stanwix - 

A Garrison Court Martial to set Immediately, Capt 
Whiting Pressident 

Lt. Gibbs Lt. Henshaw \-\it u 

Ensn. Freeman & Ensn. Baker j 

The Prisoners to be Acquainted & all Evidences to Attend - 

Capt. for the Day for to Morrow Capt. Luse; for Guard 
Ensn. Freeman To Visit the Barracks Lt. Stiles the 
Royal Blockhouse & Island Guards to be Releiv d to Mor 
row the Battoe party Continues for this Duty Lt. 
Henshaw - A Serjt. Corpll. & 24 Privates to Cut Wood - 
Yesterdays Orders to be Read to the Company at Roll 
Calling, & they are to be paid soon for their Battoe Service. 

30th Tuesday Cold Set on a Court Martial to try 2 
of the 80th for theft 33 Had a Bayonet made for my Gun 
the Troops are Determined to Desert the 1st. of Novr. 

Fort Edwd. Octo. sist. 1759 - Parole Ipswich - 

Capt of the Day for to Morrow Capt Williams; for Guard 
Lt. Stiles To Visit the Barracks Lt. Henshaw the Battoe 
party & 24 Privates From the Garison to Cut Wood for 
the Garison for this Duty -Ensn. Baker - 

31st Wednesday. Cold -Went with a party of 56 Men 
to Cut Wood Cut & Corded 37 Cord Capt Fulcome 
Came from the Lake Report they Expect the Provincials 
will Desert to Morrow 



See record of Court, under this date. Ante p. 155. 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henskaw. 249 

Thursday Fort Edward, ist Novr. 1759 
- Parole Massachusetts - 

A Garrison Court Martial to set Imediately, Capt. Luse 
Pressident 

Lt Dayton Lt. Scott I Members 

Lt. Gibbs & Ensn. Freeman j 

The Prisoners to be Acquainted & all Evidences to Attend 

Capt. of the Day for to Morrow Capt. Whiting; for Guard 
Ensn. Baker; to Visit the Barracks Ensn. Force the Royal 
Blockhouse Bridge & Island to be Releivd to Morrow A 
Sub 1 Serjt. 2 Corplls. & 45 Privates to go with 8 Battoes 
to Morrow for provision to Fort Miller for this Duty Lt. 
Dayton - 

1st Novr. Thursday Fort Edwd. 1st. Novr. 1759 This 
Morng. the Officers in the Garrison up by Dawn of Day to 
stop the Men in Case they should Attempt to Desert; at 
8 Clock, 18 or 20 of the New Jersey Regt. March d out of 
the Barracks with their Firelocks & Haversacks: 6 or 7 
was stop d before they got out of the Sally port, 3 or 4 
Officers Headed the Rest & Drove them into the Fort One 
was Whip d Imediately: 3 or 4 more Confined but Soon 
after Released - A party of our Men took about 20 of Colo. 
Willards Regt. that Deserted from the Lake Sent them 
back by a party of our Men: Lt. Stiles Commanded them 
as soon as they Ariv d at the Lake they was Imediately 
sent over the Lake to go to the Genii .- 

Friday Fort Edward: 2d. Novr. 1759 - Parole Conerscorp - 

The two Companys of the Massachusets Force to March 
to Morrow to Joyn their Regts at Crown Point. The Bridge 
& Island to be Releav d Early to Morrow Morng. by the 
Jersey troops - A Sub. Serjt. 2 Corpll. & 20 Privates of the 
Royal Highlanders to Releive the Guards in the Fort at 
8 Clock to Morrow Morng. - For this Duty Lt. [James] 
Mclntosh 34 

34 At this point the Orderly Book ceases, as Henshaw remains no longer at Fort 
Edward and the post is under the charge of another than his regiment. The Jour 
nal continues until November 26th. 



250 American Antiquarian Society. 

2d. Friday. Cold Chilly Weather; this Afternoon a Compy. 
of the R[oyal Highland] Regt. Ariv d at Fort Edwd. they 
Brought Marching Orders from the Genii, for us to March 
to Crown point & Joyn our Regts. &c- 

3d Saturday Our Troops set out for Crown point that 
were Left in Garrison; about 9 Clock Ensn. Baker & myself 
left to settle the Battoe Accompts with Mr. Campbell, & 
Return a Number of Arms that was Left by Dead & Sick 
men. Set out for Fort George about an Hour before sun 
set Arivd at the Lake at 11 Clock at Night, .Rainy all Day 
& Night - 

4th Sunday. Very Cold Hail, Snow & Rain -Went on 
Board the Battoes at 10 Clock the Wind very tempestuous 
the Lake Rough. Ariv d at the Landing at Colo. Willards 
Camp at 9 Clock at Night - Lodg d with Capt. [Valentine] 
Jones & Lt [Samuel] Dunlap the Soldiers Encampd in 
the Wood, 36 Miles from Fort George to the Landing - 

Colo. Willards Camp at the Landing: Monday 5th 
Novr. 1759 -Set out at 11 Clock Stop d at the MiUs 
2 Miles from the Landing: Crossed the Lake through the 
Mill pond; Came to Ticonderoga 2 Miles from the Mills 
went to Genii. Lymans House Staid an Hour & set out 
in the Road that our Troops Cleard to Crown point Pro 
vided one Batteau to Carry our Baggage; Encamp d in 
the Woods about 4 Miles from Carillon Snow in the 
Forenoon Rain in the Afternoon & all Night 

Provincials Camp in the Woods Between Ticonderoga 
& Crown point Tuesday 6th Novr. - Set out at 7 Clock 
Came to our Baggage Boat at the Lake Stop d & Refreshed 
Ourselves, then set out & Came to Majr. [Francis] Balls 
Encampment Ariv d at Colo. [Joseph] IngersoPs Encamp- 
mt 2 Miles & J from Crown point 12J from Ticonderoga 
there Join d our Battalion - a Very Pleasant Day - Snow 
in the Night. Lake Champlain Runs Near North from 
Carilon to Crown point, then Runs N East 

7 Novr. Camp Near Crown point Wednesday Fair- 
Join d in a Mess with Lt. [Nathaniel] Ingersol Lt. Bond 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 251 

& Ensn. Fuller. Set out for Crown point; went & Viewd 
the Old & New Fort Went to Brigadeer Ruggles Returnd 
again at Sunset Spent the Evening with Colo Ingersol; 
was Warn d for Fatigue for to Morrow. Report that our 
Troops will be Discharged next Sunday - News that Ma jr. 
[Robert] Rogers is Come into No. 4. with his party, Lost 
but 1 Man 

Thursday 8 Novr. Camp Near Crown Point - Went 
on Fatigue with a party of 20 Men to make a Glassee & 
Clear Brush from the Fence that Runs from the Lake to 
the Bay Inclosing 5000 Acres of Land, 3 Miles from the 
Point & 2 Miles from the Lake to the Bay as the fence 
Runs - Cloudy Day 

9th Friday Do. Camp Near Crown point The Invalids 
of the 1st. Battn. of Colo. Ruggles Regt. went of to Day; 
Colo. Ingersol Lt. Ingersol Capt. Cox & Ensn. Ward. Colo. 
Whiting with 500 Invalids set off from the point - Colo. 
Salstonstall takes the Command at this Encampment - 
At Evening a party of Invalids set out through the Woods 
by No. 4 - Officers of the 1st. Battalion Capt. Robinson 
& Ensn. Seagraves A Field Officer Commanded the party 
that went : 3 or 400. 

10th Camp Near Crown point Saturday: Kings Birth 
Day, Went to Crown Point the English Flag Hoisted 
in the New Fort, the Grenadiers Drawd up & Fir d three 
times - a Band of Musick Follow d them. Towards Even 
ing the Regiments Draw d up & Fir d - the Cannon all Dis- 
charg d at the New Fort & Great Rejoyceing throughout 
the Camp on that Ocasion 

llth Sunday, at Camp; F[air] Pleasent Weathr. Staid 
in Camp all Day- 

12th Monday Do. Colo. Babcocks Regt March d by No. 
4 Went to Crown Point; One of the Light Infantry Hang d 
for theft; the Kings Oxen Sold by Lots 

13th Tuesday Do. Colo. Worcester [DavidWooster s]Regt. 
March d by No. 4: the Sail of Oxen 20 for a Lot, Sold for 



252 American Antiquarian Society. 

22 to 60 & 70 Currency, a Lot Went to Capt Whitings 
Encampment from there to the Point 

14th Novr. 1759 ; Wednesday, at Camp Near Crown Point 
Fair & pleasant; Walk d to Crown Point; this Morning Colo. 
[Nathan] Whitings Regt. March d off by the way of No. 4. 

15th Camp Near Crown Point Thursday Rainy Went 
on Fatigue Clearing a Road from the Block House North 
of the Massachs. Point to the Lower B. House by the Bay: 
a Flag of Truce [was] Brought in - Capt Trott & Capt - 
of the Rangers Came into Camp: Our Battn. Packing up 
their all s for a March: Made Ready -staid in Camp all 
Night - very Rainy 

16th Friday, up at 4 Clock; Rainy Bad Weather for a 
March 1st. Battn. set out for the Point; Went & Settled 
the Battoe Acctt. with Colo. Robinson Set off From 
Crown point an Hour after the 1st. Battn. set off - Overtook 
them at the place Where they Encamp d at, 4 Miles Distance 
From the point. Returned again to Crown point in Persuit 
of our Baggage which was left Behind; Ensn. Sellon & I 
got Information that the Guard on the East Side of the 
Lake had taken it; Determine to persue it in the Morng. 
Lodg d at Capt Baldwins Rainy Night - 

17th Novr. 1759, Saturday. Crown point. Rose at 
Day Light - Breakfasted with Capt. Baldwin, Went to 
Majr. Mony penny & Informed him of the Loss of our Bag 
gage; he Orderd the Releiving Guard to search the Old 
Guards packs ; Searched But Did not find them - then I 
Look d about the Old Logs & found two Spoons & a Rasor 
hid under a Log. the Guard went & Assisted me in Search 
ing for the Baggage & Found it all ConceaFd in a Valley. 
Ensn. Sellon Went over to the Point - in his Absence Found 
our Baggage. Capt. Baldwn. Nixon & Majr. Ball Went by 
us some time ago (it being 12 Clock) at the East side of 
the Lake Opposite to Crown point -Colo. Schuyler Regt. 
Sail d to day Set off from here at J after 2 Clock En- 
camp d at Dark about 17 Miles from the Lake without any 
Fire. Cloudy Day 



The Orderly Book of Lieut. William Henshaw. 253 

18th Novr. Fair Sunday Ensn. Sellon & I set out 
at Day Light; Overtook a party of 15 Men Belonging to 
Colo. Whiting & [the] Worcester [Wooster] Regt. about 12 
Clock Found a Hampshire Lad in the Woods whose Name 
was Edward Lynds of Somersworth in N Hampshire. He 
was most Dead with Scurvy Itch & Cold - had been in the 
Wood 4 or 5 Days. He said he could not move. I Gave 
him some Chocolate to take which Refreshed him but could 
by no Means persuade him to try to Move, till I threatened 
him which made him Cry. He walk d 4 Miles, where I 
Incamp d - Gave him hot Chocolate for Supper he is Exceed 
ing Thankful for my Forcing him along 

19th Novr. Monday Fair - Set out at Break of Day ; the 
Lad that I took up in the Woods, I Committed to the Care 
of a Serjt & 12 Men of the Conecticut. After I had seen 
him washd & Scowr d from Head to Foot then Ensn. Sellon 
& I TravelFd apace to Joyn our Regt - Came to Otter 
Creek; TravelFd 3 or 4 Miles by it & Encamp d. Rainy 
Night 

20th Tuesday Cloudy - Set of at Dawn of Day - Cross d 
Otter Creek at 11 Clock 7 Miles from our Encampment 
Last Night, Wrote this at the Foot Bridge 37 Miles from 
here to No. 4; 45 from here to Crown point. Travelled 

5 Miles & Encamp d A Rainy Afternoon & Night; Lt. Gibbs 
I overtook 35 

21st Wednesday: Cloudy -Set out at Break of Day. 
Overtook several of our Compa. at 10 Clock;-the Brig- 
adeer at 12 had spraind his Ankle Cross d a Terrible 
Mountain, Just at Dark a Mile over & very Steep Encamp d 
at the Foot of the Mountain; 18 Miles From Last Nights 
Encampment & 15 from No. 4: Got 3 Pints of Chocolate 
for supper, have Been without Provision & Fair d hard 
this 2 or 3 Days the Regts. Provision all Gone 3 or 4 
Officers sent Forward to Get Provision & Meet the Men 

6 take Care of the Sick. 



35 Dashes at this point in the original indicate omissions. Possibly other persons 
overtaken were in mind; if so, these entries may have been made at a later date 
when their names were forgotten. 



254 American Antiquarian Society. 

Camp in the Woods. 22d. Novr. 1759 Thursday Fair - 
Set out at Day light Ariv d at the Height of Land by Sun 
rise. Arriv d at No. 4 at 3 Clock in the Afternoon Went 
& Lodg d at Mr Putnams 1 & i Miles from the Ferry up 
the River in a Little Picquet Fort. 

23d. Novr. at No. 4 Friday Do. Went to the Old Fort this 
Morng. -a Great Many of our Men Gone home; Made a 
Billeting Roll Draw d Meat 1 Ib p Man -Bread None- 
Returnd & Lodg d at Mr Putnams Picquet. 

24th Saturday No. 4 or Charlestown - Fair Went to 
the Old Fort : 40 Men Detach d from our Regt. to go Back 
& bring in the Sick Officers Lt. Macfarlin & Joy [Daniel 
McFarland and David Joy] Draw d Meat No Bread in the 
town Set of at 8 Clock Went & Lodg d at Major Bellowses 
at No 3 or Walpole 10 Miles from No. 4: Paid the Men the 
Billeting Money : 3/ Sterling p Man 

25th Sunday Fair at No. 3 - Draw d One Day s Allow 
ance of Meat & Flow r Set of at 8 Clock Stopt at No. 
2 or Westmorland 8 Miles from No 3 from there to Upper 
Ashavillet or Keen 8 Miles From there to the Town 4 
Miles Supp d at the Tavern from there to Swansey 4 Miles 
Stop d & Lodg d at Mr. Carpenters 

26th Monday Snow & Rain -Set out from Swansey - 
Came to Winchester : 12 Miles - from there to Mount Geace 
& Pecquage 14 Mples]. Lodg d at Lt Dexters (from there 
Cross d the River & Came to Petersham from there to N 
Rutland & Lodg d at Capt Craiges) 36 

Tuesday 27th Novr. 1759 at Pequage - Set out from Lt. 
Dexters Cros d the River into Petersham 7 Miles; From 
there to Capt. Craiges at New Rutland 10 Miles a Fair Day 

28th Wednesday - Fair Set out from Capt. Craiges Came 
to Rutland 5 Miles Parted with Lt. Martin & Nixon From 
there Home at Leicester at 2 Clock 10 Miles &c &c &c. 



88 These words are crossed out in the original text. 



INDEX. 



Index. 



257 



INDEX. 



Abbott, Edward, 75, 76. 

Abercrombie, James, 60, 61. 

Abert, Gerrit, 87, 88. 

Adems, Robert, 105. 

Albany, Dutch Church at; account 
against John Bradstreet, 82, 90. 

Alexander, William, 58, 244n. 

Allen, James, 58, 172 and note. 

Allen, John, 183, 215, 239. 

Allen, Thomas, letters to, 40. 

Amherst, Sir Jeffrey, 21, 63, 64, 
65, 72, 85, 86, 94, 155, 161, 213, 
217,244, 247,248; letters, 66,68, 
69, 70, 71; letters to, 12, 62, 67. 

Andrews, Rev. William, 40. 

Apthorp, Charles Ward, 62, 65, 72. 

Appy, John, 63, 64. 

Arnot, Hugh, 79, 81, 86. 

Ashley, Noah, 143. 

Askwith, Samuel, 145. 

Atkins, John, 145. 

Atkinson, Theodore, 139. 

B 

Babcock, Henry, 190, 251. 
Bagley, Jonathan, 138, 140, 149, 

150. 
Bailey, John, 160. 

Richard, 172n. 

Baker, Elijah, 201, 202, 204, 205-249. 
Baldwin, Jeduthan, 151, 153, 155, 

183, 185, 189, 252. 

Josiah, 183. 

Ball, Francis, 158, 198, 250, 252. 
Ballard, John, 183. 
Balneaves, Patrick, 81. 



Barbut, Theodore, 173. 

Bard well, Ebenezer, 154. 

Barnard, Selah, 147. 

Barrington, Capt., 171. 

Barritt, William, 162. 

Barren, William, 163, 165. 

Barrens, Oliver, 164. 

Baxter & Humphrey, 79. 

Bayard, William, 71, 72. 

Bayley, William, 88. 

Baylie, Richard, 172 and note. 

Beckwith, George, 212. 

Beckworth, John, 172 and note. 

Belknap, William, 163. 

Bellows, Jesse, 161, 254. 

Benoit or Benneway, Vincent, 85. 

Bergstrom, J. G., 69. 

Bernard, Francis, 162, 165, 166. 

Berry, Ephraim, 141. 

Samuel, 163, 164. 
Blair, Gov. John, letter to, 31. 
Blanchard, Abner, 183. 
Bleecker, Anthony, 88. 

Henry, jr., 88. 

Jan James, 107. 
Bliss, Luke, jr., 159. 

Moses, 186. 
Blunt, Andrew, 183. 

John, 183, 203. 
Bogle, John, 183, 188, 195. 
Bolster, Isaac, 183. 
Bond, Nathaniel, 183, 203, 250. 
Bone, John, 70. 
Boscawen, Edward, 171. 
Bostwick, David, letter to, 11. 
Bouquet, Henry, 13, 18, 19, 20, 21, 

71, 91. 



258 



American Antiquarian Society. 



-, 232. 



Bowman, - 

Bowyer, Richard, 173. 

Braddock, Edward, 10, 138, 144, 

IVlff. 

Bradford, James, 144. 
Bradstreet, John, argument in 

support of land claims, 103-131; 

commission, 58; letters, 12, 16, 

17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 24, 25, 57-97; 

mentioned, 13, 14, 17, 187, 192. 
Bradstreet, Samuel, 68. 
Brattle, William, 151. 
Bray, Edward, 187. 
Breck, Robert, 186n. 
Brereton, Percival, 173. 
Brewer, Josiah, 153, 154, 209, 215, 

217, 220, 221. 
Brown, Adam, 73. 

Ezekiel, 165, 166. 

John, 145. 

Samuel, 143. 
Brown, see also Bruyn. 
Browning, William, 16, 18, 72, 73. 
Bruyn, Jacobus, 125. 
Buckhanon, Francis James, 173. 
Bufnngton, David, 82. 
Bull, John P., 143. 
Burbank, Abijah, 186. 
Burk, John, 135, 143, 144, 146, 

147, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 

154, 157, 158, 159, 160. 
Burket, Thomas, 190. 
Burt, Eleazer, 143. 
Burton, Daniel, 40. 

George, 198. 

Ralph, 173, 176. 
Butler, John, 68, 93, 105. 
Butrick, George, 87. 
Butterfield, Leo or Leonard, 165, 

185. 

Byerly, Frederick, 87. 
Byram, Benjamin, 165, 166. 



Campbell, Alexander, 17. 

, John, 18, 20, 74, 201, 250, 
Canada, Peter, 190. 



Caner, Rev. Henry, 40. 
Cannon, John, 160. 
Carleton, Sir Guy, 27. 
Cams, John, 69. 
Cartwright, Thomas, 59. 
Carver, Jonathan, 225. 
Gary, James, 83. 
Carye, Lucius Ferdinand, 88. 
Catlin, John, 150. 
Cawey, Eleazer, 85. 
Chandler, John, 166, 185. 

John jr., 148. 

Rev. Thomas Bradbury, 38. 
Charles, Joseph, of Samuel Whit 
ing s Conn. Co., 198. 
Cheever, Ezekiel, 162. 
Chipman, Robert H., 141. 
Choat, John, 139. 
Christie, Gabriel, 63. 

John, 79. 

Chulmley, Robert, 173. 
Church, Edward, 218. 

Josiah, 151. 
Clark, Joel, 66. 
Clarke, Thomas, 135, 136, 137, 

138, 139, 142, 146, 148. 
Glaus, Daniel, 14. 
Clew, Lawrence, 86. 
Cobb, Silvanus, 164. 
Coburn, John, 193. 
Cockburne, John, 193. 
Collins, James, 60. 
Collyson, Francis, 77. 
Comyn, Peter or Pieter, 61, 85, 89. 
Condie, Adam, 96. 
Cooke, John, 83. 
Connecticut, claim to Western land, 

11. 

Con way, Henry S., 24, 48. 
Cope, John, 173. 
Cornbury, Edward Hyde, Lord, 

106, 107, 111. 
Cory, Benjamin, 164. 
Cosby, Gov. William, 121. 
Cotton, John, 166. 
Coventry, George, 62, 64, 67, 68, 

95, 96, 189, 193. 



Index. 



259 



Cowart, Joseph, 173. 

Cowper, , 222. 

Cox, Ebenezer, 185, 251. 

Crawford, William, 204. 

Cresap, Thomas, 25. 

Crimble, Water-house, 173. 

Crippen, Joseph, 91. 

Crogan, George, 21, 22, 25, 32, 33, 

34, 37, 38, 39, 50, 52, 104. 
Crombwell, Major, 197. 
Crow, Richard, 173. 
Crown Point, diary of soldier at, 

156; reports regarding, 217, 

218; camp near, 250ff. 
Cummings, Solomon, 183. 
Curry, Donald, 153. 
Curtis, Zacheus, 154. 
Curwen, Samuel, 154. 
Cusick, James, 145. 
Cutler, (a sutler), 208, 214, 221. 
Cuyler, Abraham, 70, 93. 

Cornelius, 16, 67, 81, 83, 86. 



Daly, Richard, 78. 

Danks, Benoni, 149, 155, 161, 165. 

Davis, Edward, 166. 

Tristram, 157. 
Dawson, Henry, 74. 
Day, Luke, 158. 

Dayton, Elias, 201, 202, 204-249. 
Deare, Thomas, 145. 
Degarius, John, 74. 
Degrov, Michel, 79. 
DeLancey, James, 35, 39, 65, 142. 

Oliver, 32. 
Demaris, Capt., 174. 
Dernier, George, 83. 
De Normandie, Daniel, 61, 64, 145. 
Denny, Samuel, 185, 224n, 247. 

William, 147. 
Desertion, orders regarding, 187, 

190, 213, 247. 
Detroit, expedition to, 11, 16, 33 

34; fire in 1763, 71; troops for 

in 1764, 72; supplies in, 76; 

negotiations at, 19, 76. 



Dewey, Paul, 151. 

Dexter, Lieut., 254. 

Dickey, David, 165. 

Dimuck, Gideon, 157. 

Dinwiddie, Gov. Robert, 171, 175. 

Disney, Daniel, 172. 

Dixsoii, Thomas, 165. 

Dobson, Robert, 173. 

Dod, Major, 193. 

Doolittle, Capt., 213. 

Doricke, Levi, 193. 

Doughty, Rev. John, 40. 

Douglass, William, 57. 

Douw, Abraham, 72, 88. 

Dowes, William, 187, 194. 

Dowlar, Henry, 83. 

Dox, Samuel, 83. 

Dubell, John, 88. 

Dunbar, John, 173. 

Thomas, 171, 176. 

William, 172. 
Duncan, Alexander, 16, 75. 

John, 84. 

Duncan, see Dunkin. 
Dunham, Daniel, 84. 
Dunkin, John, 183. 
Dunlap, Samuel, 204, 250. 
Duyce, Mathias, 155. 
Dwight, Joseph, 143. 
Dyer, Eliphalet, 11. 



Edgell, Benjamin, 153. 

Edmiston, William, 173 and note. 

Edwards, Benjamin, 165, 166. 

Eells, Edward, 206. 

Egan, John, 145. 

Elgar, Thomas, 158. 

Ellison, John, 14. 

Elmer, Samuel, 153. 

Emerson, Moses, 144. 

Emery, Ambrose, 163. 

Nathaniel, 163. 

Richard, 141. 
Emott, John, 145. 
Etherington, George, 83. 
Eyre, William, 18. 



260 



American Antiquarian Society. 



Fairservice, James, 58. 

Falconer, Thomas, 172n. 

Farley, Samuel jr., 164. 

Farmar, Robert, 22. 

Farrington, Thomas, 162, 163, 164, 
166. 

Faulkner, Thomas, 172 and note. 

Feather, John, 84. 

Fellows, John, 151. 

Ferguson, William, 204. 

Finney, Francis, 155. 

Fire Arms, regulations, 192, 194, 227. 

Fitch, Eleazer, 193, 212. 

Flag or Flagg, Asa, 159. 
Benjamin, 186. 
Zechariah jr., 164. 

Fletcher, Levi, 162. 

Flower, John, 84. 

Floyd, Hugh, 164. 

Floyer, Scob, 174. 

Fluree, John, 84. 

Fonda, Adam, 88. 
Douw, 83, 85. 

Jellis, 68, 81, 82, 88, 93. 
Peter, 79. 

Forbes, John, 195. 

Force, Ensign, 201, 202, 203, 205- 
249. 

Forsey, (a sutler) 202. 

Forster, William, 165. 

Fort Edward, conditions at, 81, 
155, 166, 200; orders issued 
at, 195-249; troops stationed 
at, 152, 199. 

Fort Miller, 219. 

Fort Williams, account for build 
ing of, 143. 

Foster, Thomas, 155. 

France, illegal commerce with, 160; 
influence upon Indians, 11, 13, 
16, 25, 27, 34, 82, 150, 219. 
French inhabitants of Nova 
Scotia brought to Massachu 
setts, 145; victory at Fort 
Duquesne, 144, 171ff. 



Franklin, Benjamin, 23; letters, 10; 

letters to, 24, 48. 
Franklin, William, 31; letters to, 

23, 24, 29, 33, 34, 47, 48, 52. 
Frazer, Simon, 22. 
Freeman, Ensign, 201, 202, 204- 

249. 

Fulcome, Capt., 248. 
Fuller. Andrew. 150. 
Fuller, Ensign, 251. 
Funnel, Pomp, 183. 

Furbush, , 242. 

Furnace or Furness, Capt., 185. 



Gage, Thomas, 23, 47, 62, 64, 65, 
72, 90, 91, 172, 191, 218; letters 
from, 80; letters to, 12-22, 24, 
30, 32, 33-39, 62, 63, 74-82, 
84-87, 89, 92, 94. 

Gage, Henry, 82. 

Gale, Abijah, 183. 
Levin, 31. 
Nehemiah, 183, 220, 237. 

Galland, John, 29, 30. 

Gamble, James, 71. 

Garfield, Benjamin, 183. 

Gates, Horatio, 174. 
Sippio, 183. 

Gay, Jotham, 155. 

Gethins, Richard, 172. 

Gibbs, Joshua, 153, 201, 203-249. 

Gibson, Ephraim, 162. 

Gilman, Peter, 140, 141. 

Gladwin, Henry, 15, 16, 23, 70, 
173. 

Glen, Cornelius, 81, 93. 
Henry, 85. 

John, 68, 70, 94; letters, 25, 
29, 63, 64, 74, 77, 82, 83, 84, 
85, 86, 88, 89, 93, 96. 
John jr., 84. 

Goffe, John, 159. 

Goldthwait, Thomas, 164. 

Googins, Joseph, 183. 

Gordon, Lord Adam, 47. 
Robert, 173. 



Index. 



261 



Gordon, Samuel, 239. 

Ensign, 201. 
Graham, Charles, 190. 

Gordon, 196, 197. 
Grant, Allan, 82, 85. 

James, 188, 190, 191, 197, 199. 
Gray, Harrison jr., 159, 160. 

Robert, 174. 
Green, Thomas, 163. 
Gridley, Isaac, 146. 

Richard, 141. 
Griggs, Lieut., 214. 
Gwynn, Anthony, 60. 



Hale, Robert, 9, 10, 136, 137, 138, 

139, 140, 141, 143, 148, 162, 

166. 
Halket, Francis, 172. 

James, 172. 

Sir Peter, 171, 172, 176. 
Hallowell, Benjamin jr., 59, 148, 

162. 

Hamilton, John, 174. 
Hancock, Thomas, 64, 67. 
Handsard or Hansard, John, 173 

and note. 
Hardenbergh, Johannes, 94, 106, 

112, 113, 119, 126. 
Harriman, Nathaniel, 163. 
Harris, John, 158. 

Samuel, 190, 191. 
Harrison, Thomas, 173. 
Hart, John, 173. 
Hartt, Ralph, 60. 
Hatfield, William, 183. 
Hathorne, John, 173. 
Hawks, Gershom, 159. 

John, 157, 194. 
Hawley, Joseph, 151. 
Hay, Jehu, 23, 33, 34. 
Haynes, Midshipman, 174. 
Hemstreack, Jacob, 88. 
Henshaw, Benjamin, 194, 227, 231. 

Daniel, 153, 220, 224. 

Jonathan, 152. 

Joseph, 210, 220. 



Henshaw, William, Account Book 
161; appointment as Lieutenant, 
151; letters, etc., 152, 153, 154, 
155, 160, 162, 166; Journal and 
Orderly Book, 179-254. 

Herres, Valentine, 150. 
William, 150. 

Herrod, , 235. 

Hey wood, Thomas, 157. 

Hicks, Whitehead, 82. 

Higgins, Cornelius, 216. 

Hill, Launcelot, 78. 

Hillsborough, Wills Hill, Earl, 31, 32. 

Hind, Richard, 40. 

Hinshelwood, Archibald, 155. 

Hitchcock, Luke, 186. 

Hoar, Jonathan, 146. 
William, 58. 

Hobson, Samuel, 172. 

Hogan, William, 80. 

Holden, John, 190. 

Holliston, Lieut., 237. 

Holman, Jonathan, 152. 

Holton, John, 242. 

Hooker, Silas, 183. 

Hovey, Daniel, 183. 

How, Samuel, 183. 

Howard, Nathan, 183. 
William, 18, 221. 

Howath, Lieut., 174. 

Hubbard, Thomas, 136, 137, 142,146. 

Hudson "of Hoosek", 228. 

Hull, James, 183. 

Hunt, Alexander, 60. 
Samuel, 199. 
William, 163. 

"Huron Andrew," 34. 

Hutchinson, Israel, 150. 
Thomas, 138, 139, 152. 

Hyde, Edward, Lord Cornbury, 
106, 107, 111. 

I 

Indians, attacks by, 15, 38, 82; 
lands of, 52; treaties with, 16, 
18, 19, 31, 36, 78, 118, 167; 
trade with, 17, 26, 36, 77. 



262 



American Antiquarian Society. 



Ingersol, Nathaniel, 183, 204, 250, 

251. 

Thomas, 186. 
Ingersoll, Joseph, 151, 153, 156, 

185, 192, 196, 198, 201, 250, 

251. 



Jaquet, Peter, 145. 
Jeffreys, James, letter to, 32. 
Jennison, William, 157. 
Johnson, Andris or Andrew, 83. 

Guy, 14, 34, 35, 37, 38. 

James, 183. 

John, 35, 38, 88. 

Thias, 183. 
Johnson, Sir William, 9, 10, 12, 

16, 17, 19, 74, 92, 104, 124, 

138, 142; letters from, 11, 12, 

13, 14, 15, 17, 19, 21-40, 47, 

48, 50, 52, 94; letters to, 

10, 74. 
Jones, Cornelius, 186. 

Jacob, 153. 

John, 77. 

Valentine, 221, 250. 
Joy, David, 193, 254. 



Kempe, John Tabor, 27. 
Kendrick, John, 73. 
Kenfield, George, 153. 
Kennedy, Primrose, 172n. 

Quinton, 172. 

Robert, 59, 60. 

Keppel, Augustus, 144, 171, 174. 
Keppel Manuscripts, 169ff. 
Killoran, Bartholomew, 59. 
Kimball, Major, 199. 
King, Thomas, 20, 38, 39. 

William, 151. 
Kirkwood, James, 59. 
Knaggs, George, 145. 
Knap, John, 165. 
Knight, Benjamin, 158. 
Knoeb, Gerrit, 87, 88. 

Jacob, 87. 



Knower, John, 204. 



Lackey, William, 183, 187, 188. 
Lake, Ephraim, 16. 
Lake, see also Leake. 
Lamb, Anthony, 73. 
Lamson, William, 194. 
Lane, Edmund, 149. 
Lansing, Philip, 187. 
Larkin, George, 158. 
Lascells, Peregrine, 174. 
Lawnson, Henry, 86. 

Isaac, 86. 
Lawrence, Gov. Charles, 144, 155, 

171. 

John, 145. 

Leake, Robert, 161, 188, 195. 
Learnad, Elijah, 183. 
Learned, Jeremiah, 152. 
Lee, John, jr., 141. 
Le Hunte, George, 58, 77. 
Lessley, Matthew, 172. 
Levens, Abel, 183. 
Lewis, Andrew, 31. 
Line, William, 145. 
Littler, William, 172 and note. 
Livingston, James, 79. 

Philip, V. B., 11. 

William, 11. 
Lock, Robert, 172n. 
Lords of Trade, letter to, 25. 
Loring, Joshua, 12, 62, 65, 67, 68, 

72, 73, 94. 

Lothrop, Benjamin jr., 69. 
Lott, Abraham jr., 142. 

Louder, of Boston, 192. 

Loudoun, John, Earl of, 58, 61, 

147. 

Lovejoy, Daniel, 186. 
Love well, Zacheus, 207n. 
Lowder, Ensign, 221. 
Luke, John, 75. 
Luse, Zephaniah, 201, 202, 203, 

205-249. 

Lyman, Phineas 193, 212, 250. 
Lynd, Samuel, 214. 



Index. 



263 



Lynds, Edward, 253. 
Lyttleton, William H., 213. 

M 

McClean, Allen, 189. 
McCloud, William, 173. 
McComb, John, 64. 
McCuller, Patrick, 173. 
McDaniel, Jacob, 163. 

Malcolm, 190. 
McDonald, William, 77. 
McDonnel, Allen, 23. 
McDougall, George, 75. 

John, 145. 

McFarland, Daniel, 254. 
McGee, Thomas, 18. 
Mclntosh, George, 84, 96. 

James, 249. 
McKay, Charles, 83. 
McKee, Alexander, 22, 23. 
McKeen, Robert, 73. 
McKellar, Peter, 173. 
McLeod, Norman, 33. 

William, 173. 
McMartin, Peter, 190. 
McNeal, John, 174. 
McNeill, Hector, 174n. 
McTaggart, Peter, 60. 
McTavish, Andrew, 22. 
Macvicar, Duncan, 73. 
Mainor, Capt., 185. 
Maisonville, Francis, 38, 39. 
Maitland, Richard, 81, 87, 88. 
Malcolm, Joseph, 141. 
Man, - , 215, 222. 
Marsh, Ebenezer, 183. 

Moses, 159. 

Perez, 143. 
Martin, Aaron, 183. 

Adam, 183. 

John, 204. 

Samuel, 77. 

William, 96. 
Mason, Abel, 183. 
Mather, Samuel, 161. 
Maturin, Gabriel, 80, 90, 91, 93. 
Maxwell, Thomas, 165, 166. 



Maxwell, William, 71. 

Merrick, John, 186. 

Meserve (Meservey) Nathaniel, 60, 

61. 

Middagh, George, 66. 
Miller, John, 74. 

Richard, 174. 
Moffett, Thomas, 155. 
Moffit, Aquilla, 183. 

Joseph, 183. 
Moncel, Henry, 193. 
Monckton, Robert, 243 and note. 
Moneypenny, Alexander, 189, 191, 

252. 

Monier, John, 83, 95. 
Mongomery, see Montgomery. 
Monroe, see Munroe. 
Montcalm, Louis Joseph Marquis 

de, 243. 
Montgomery, Alexander, 195, 198, 

200, 206, 207. 
Montgomery, Richard, 20. 
Montour, Andrew, 15. 
Montreseur or Montresor, John, 

13, 16, 173, and note. 
Moore, Gov. Henry, 23, 31, 92, 

94, 95, 96, 105, 124. 
Morris, Robert Hunter, 10. 

Roger, 172, 175. 

Thomas, 18, 20, 21. 

William, 173. 
Mortier, Abraham, 61, 62, 63, 64, 

65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 71, 72, 73, 94. 
Morton, - - "of Glascow", 186. 
Moseley, Richard, 40. 
Muffett, Thomas, 153. 
Mugford, James, 60. 
Munn, John, 154. 
Munroe, Rev. Harry, 40. 
Murphy, Edmond, 158. 
Murray, Gov. John, 94. 

N 

Nartloo, or 

Nartlow, Francis, 172 and note. 
Neilson, Samuel, 145. 
Nelson, Samuel Nicols, 155. 



264 



American Antiquarian Society. 



Newell, Andrew, 59. 

Newhall, Jonathan, 148. 

Niagara, defense of, 17, 75, 80; 
Indian conference at, 19; sur 
render of, 219. 

Nichols, , 223. 

Nicolls, William, 142. 

Nixori, John, 185, 193, 252. 



Occom, Samson, 11. 

Ogilvie, William, 69. 

Okeman, John, 165. 

Oliver, Andrew, 146, 151, 152, 162. 

Orde, Thomas, 173. 

Orme, Robert, 10, 144, 171, 172, 

174. 

Osborne, John, 136, 141, 143. 
Otis, James, 58, 62. 



Paine, Samuel Clark, 185, 188, 194, 

213, 244. 

Timothy, 159. 
Pallisser, Sir Hugh, 175. 
Parker, John, 159. 
Parkman, Moses, 163, 164. 

William, 183. 
Parks, Amariah, 183. 
Partridge, Oliver, 147, 154. 
Patrick, William, 143. 
Patterson, Alexander, 95, 96. 
Patton, John, 150. 
Peirce, Benjamin, 159. 
Penington, George, 172. 
Penn, John, 14, 19, 30, 31, 34. 

Richard, 28, 31. 

Thomas, 28, 31, 35. 
Pepperrell, Sir William, 58, 136, 

141, 148, 149, 214. 
Peronie or Peyroney, 174, 176. 
Peters, Elias, 193. 

Rev. Richard, 27. 

William, 83. 
Petty, Aaron, 153. 
Peyroney, see Peronie. 
Phillips, Jonathan, 183, 186, 211. 



Phips, Spencer, 146. 

Phyn & Ellice, 97. 

Pierce, Benjamin, 151. 

Pitcher, Solomon, 84. 

Pitt, William, (Lord Chatham,) 65, 

160. 

Plaisted, John, 141. 
Poison, William, 174n. 
Pomeroy, Seth, 143. 
Pomroy, Benjamin, 214. 
Pond, Eliphalet, 148. 
Pontiac, 18, 21, 23, 24. 
Poor, John, 194. 
Pottinger, James, 172 and note. 
Poulson, William, 174. 
Pownall, Gov. Thomas, 10, 138, 

142, 148, 150, 151, 152, 154. 
Pratt, Abraham, 183. 
Preston, William, 172. 
Prideaux, John, 195, 198. 
Putnam, Ebenezer, 183, 254. 
Putnam, Tarrant, 166. 
Pynchon, Joseph, 150. 



Quin, William, 83. 
Quincy, Josiah, 138. 



Rackley, William, 165. 
Ray, Christian, 186. 
Rea, Richard, 74. 
Reed, Benjamin, 186. 

John, 59, 60. 

Capt., 185. 
Rice, - , 218. 
Richardson, Benjamin, 194. 

Philip, 143, 145, 247. 
Riggs, Joseph, 145. 
Riky, John, 64. 
Robbins, Ichabod, 183. 
Roberts, Asa, 183. 

Benjamin, 39, 74. 
Robertson, James, 72. 
Robinson, Beverly, 73, 78, 195, 

198, 199, 251. 

DeLancey, 94. 



Index. 



265 



Robinson, Thomas, 33. 

Rogers, Robert, 31, 69, 94, 167, 

211, 217, 251. 
Roggers, David, 190, 191. 
Rose, Samuel, 190. 
Ross, Robert, 173. 
Royan, Robert, 145. 
Rugg, John, 153, 154. 
Ruggles, Timothy, 140, 146, 151, 

152, 153, 156, 157, 158, 159, 

185, 189, 193, 194, 198, 202, 

210, 222, 251. 
Rutsen, Jacob, 107, 122. 
Ryan & Spear 240n; 241, 242. 



St. Clair, Arthur, 71. 
St. Clair, see also Sinclair. 
Salmon, John, 145. 
Saltonstall, Richard, 196, 251. 
Sargent, see Sergeant. 
Saturday, Jacob, 161. 
Schermerhorn, Jacob W., 88. 
Schuyler, Abraham, 93. 

Peter, 193, 199, 252. 

Philip, 65, 67, 88, 89, 92, 95, 96. 
Scott, Charles, 201, 203, 204-249. 

John, 162. 

Seagraves, Ensign, 251. 
Sellon, John, 252, 253. 
Sergeant, Thomas, 185. 
Seydam, Hendrick, 145. 
Shaddock, - , 186. 
Shaw, - , 242. 
Shelburne, William Petty Earl, 26, 

27, 80, 90, 95. 

Sheldon, Ebenezer, 143, 154. 
Shirley, William, 14, 61, 145, 150, 

171; letters from, 9, 10, 58, 

135, 136, 137, 138, 140, 141, 

142, 144; letters to, 9, 57, 58, 

139. 
Shirley, William, Secretary to Genl. 

Braddock, 172, 175. 
Shuckburgh, Richard, 121. 
Shumway, Peter, 183. 
Simpson, Andrew, 172 and note. 



Sinclair or St. Clair, Sir John, 19, 

20, 145, 172, 176. 
Sinewood, William, 81. 
Smallman, Thomas, 22, 23. 
Smedley, , of Mansfield, Conn., 

231. 
Smith, Aaron, 209. 

Adam, 25, 86. 

Ephraim, 153. 

Robert, 173. 

William, 11. 
Smyth, Edward, 84. 
South Carolina, Governor of, 213, 

234. 

Spann, Theodore Augustus, 149. 
Sparks, William, 173. 
Spendelow, Lieut., 174, 175. 
Splitdorff, Carolus Gustavus de, 

174. 

Staats, Samuel, 82. 
Stanley, Thomas, 158. 
Stanniford, Jeremiah, 60. 
Stanwix, John, 61. 
Star, Jonathan, 146. 
Stebbings, John, 145. 
Stedman, John, 70, 73, 74, 83. 

Steel, , 224. 

Stephens, Adam, 227, 231. 

James, 92. 
Sterling, Robert, 173. 

Thomas, 22. 
Stevens, Adam, 174. 

John, 94. 

Stevens, see also Stephens. 
Stevenson, John, 69. 
Stewart, Robert, 174. 

Walter, 174. 
Stiles, Jacob, 162. 
Stiles, see also Styles. 
Stirling, Capt., 244. 
Stone, Joseph, 166. 

William, 174. 
Stout, Jonathan, 64. 
Stowell, Cornelius, 151, 156. 
Strange, Robart, 92. 
Streeter, John, 183. 

Jonathan, 183. 



266 



American Antiquarian Society. 



Streeter, Samuel, 183. 

Zebulon, 183. 
Strong, Samuel, 91. 
Strubble, Christopher, 14. 
Styles, Amos, 201, 202, 204-249. 
Sumain, Simon, 174. 
Susquehanna Company, 12. 
Sutlers, orders regarding, 188, 197, 

208, 230, 234; see Brewer, 

Josiah; Cutler; Forsey; Ryan & 

Spear; Taylor, Ezra. 
Sutton, Daniel, 145. 



Talbot, Midshipman, 174, 175. 
Tannott, Thomas, 60. 
Tapley, John, 165. 
Tatton, Charles, 172. 
Taylor, Eldad, 186. 

Ezra, 187, 194. 

Othniel, 157. 

Teedyuscung, (Indian), 15. 
Ten Broek, John, 145. 
Thompson, Joseph, 159. 
Ticonderoga, capture of, 216, 217; 

fortifications, 220. 
Tilton, Jacob, 245. 
Titcomb, John, 140. 
Torrance, Thomas, 160. 
Town, David, 183. 

Elijah, 183. 

Moses, 183. 
Townsend, George, 216. 

Robert, 172. 
Toy, Sergt., 245. 
Treby, John, 172. 
Trott, Capt., 252. 
Trotter, Matthew, 84. 
Tucker, Ebenezer, 183. 
Tyce, Nathaniel, 73. 
Tyng, John, 162, 163, 164, 165, 

166. 
Tyron, William, 96. 



Valleau, Isaiah, 145. 
Van Alstyn, Martin, 84. 



Van der Bogart, Jykeris, 86. 
Van Driessen Petrus, 93. 
Van Duerson, Abraham, 145. 
Van Eps, Abraham, 84. 

Jean Baptiste, 88. 
Vanhorne, David, 11. 
Van Schaick, Goose, 66. 
Van Schoonhoven, Guert, 83. 
Van Slyke, Garret, 88. 
Van Valkenburgh, Isaac, 91. 
Van Vleck, Teunis, 86. 
Van Vordt, Jacob, 88. 
Van Vrank, Nicholas, 87, 88. 
Vaughan, John, 80, 83, 87. 
Vedder, Albert, 93. 

Jacob, 88. 
Vrooman, Jan, 88. 

W 

Wadleigh, Joseph, 60. 

Waggoner, Edmond, 174 and note. 

John, 174 and note. 
Waldo, Samuel jr., 151. 
Walker, John, 155, 162, 165. 

Josiah, 183. 

Phineas, 183. 

Thomas, 31. 
Wall, James, 190. 
Walmough, Capt., 164. 
Walsh, Hunt, 149. 
Walsham, John, 173. 
Warburton, Hugh, 174. 
Ward, Josiah jr., 158, 251. 
Warner, Ichabod, 158. 
Washington, George, 144, 171, 172, 

175, 177. 

Commissary for the Crown, 208, 

235. 
Watkins, Ephraim, 183. 

Ward, 204. 
Watts, John, 35, 39. 
Wayne, Anthony, 97. 
Webb, Daniel, 154. 
Welles, Samuel, 139. 
Wells, Simeon, 143. 
Welsh, William, 60. 
Wendell, Jacob, 157. 



Index. 



267 



Wentworth, Benning, 139, 140, 141; 

letters from, 9, 138; letters to, 

9, 10, 137. 

Westerlo, Eilardus jr., 82, 90. 
Wethered, Samuel, 162. 
Wharton, Samuel, 29, 48. 
Wheeler, Daniel, 193. 
Wheelock, Eleazer, 31, 40. 
Wheelwright, Nathaniel, 71, 72. 
White, Jonathan, 145. 
White, see Whyte. 
Whiting, Charles, 185n, 251. 

John, 185n. 

Leonard, 152, 153, 154, 155, 

162, 163, 164, 185, 201, 202, 

204-249, 252. 

Nathan, 185n, 206, 252. 
Whitmore, Edward, 67. 
Whitney, Ebenezer, 183. 
Whyte, Alexander, 74. 
W T idman or Wideman, William, 

173 and note. 
Wilkins, John, 34, 70, 71. 
Willard, Abijah, 152, 159, 185, 

204-249, 250. 

Joseph, 135, 142. 

Josiah, 136. 

Nahum, 157, 161. 
Williams, Elijah, 143. 

Ephraim, 142, 143. 

Israel, 135, 143, 144, 150. 151, 

154, 158, 159. 

Job, 185, 200, 202, 203, 204-249. 

John, 91, 193. 



Williams, Stephen, 143. 

Thomas, 143. 

William, 91. 
Williamson, Adam, 173. 
Wilson, George, 60. 

John, 70. 

Wimple, Andrew, 85. 
Winepress, William, 69, 79. 
Wingfield, William, 59. 
Winslow, John, 141, 146, 148. 
Wolfe, James, 154, 234, 238, 243. 
Wood, Draper S., 25, 92. 
Woodb ridge, John, 11. 

Thomas, 60. 

Timothy, 148, 240, 241, 245. 
Woodroff, Jonathan, 145. 
Woods, Henry, 166. 
Woodward, Henry, 174. 
Wooster, David, 251, 253. 
Worster, Ebenezer, 119, 128, 131. 

Henry, 118, 120, 128. 
Worthington, John, 149, 158, 159, 

193, 242. 
Wouter Dance (Indian), 25, 26, 29, 

93. 

Wright, John, 174. 
Wyer, David, 154, 204. 
Wyman, Daniel, 183. 
Wyncoop, Jacobus, 145. 
Wyoming Valley, settlements in, 

11, 12, 35. 



Young, George, 199. 



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