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Full text of "Records of the priory of the Isle of May;"

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RECORDS 



PRIORY OF THE ISLE OF MAY. 



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THE NEW YORK 

PUBUC LIBRARY. 



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TILOEN FOUNOATIONt. 



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KECOEDS 



OF THE 



^riorp of ttje 3(0le of M^v ^^^'^ '^ 



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EDITED BY 

JOHN STUART, LL.D. 

8BCRKTARY OF THE BOCirTT OT ANTIQUARIES OF SCOTLAND. 




EDINBUEGH 
FEINTED FOE THE SOCIETT BY E. CLAEK 

MDCCCLXVni 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



The Pbepace i 

Note A. The Gilleserfs of Clackmannan . . Ixxi 

Note B. Extracts from the Accounts of The Lord High 

Treasurer of Scotland .... Ixxvi 

Appendix to the Preface Ixxxv 

EoTULUs Cartarum bt Munimentorum Scocie cxii 

Tabula Munimentorum in Appendice ..... cxv 

Plates — 

1. Facsimiles from (1.) the Charter-EoU 35 Edward I., in the 

Public Eecord Ofl&ce, London ; and (11.) from the Rotu- 
lus Cartarum, in the Charter-Room of the Marquis of 
Exeter To face the title-page 

2. Elevations of St. Adrian's Chapel, Isle of May xli 

3. Ground-plan of St. Adiian's Chapel . . . lix 

4. Facsimiles from the Eegistrum Cartarum de Pittenweem in 

the Charter-Room at Elie (see no/e, page Ixviii.) . . Ixx 

Carte Prioratus Insule de May 1-35 

Index to the Preface .37 
Index to the Charters 41 

The drawings of the elevations and ground-plan of St Adrian's Chapel, made 
under Mr. Matheson's directions, were presented to the Society of Antiquaries by 
H.M. Commissioners of Works, but not until the Preface had been printed off. They 
will be understood by reference to Mr. Muir's account of the ruin, printed at p. liv. 



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At » MRtniNu lit" tlu* OouNfsn. of tlu* Sm^ii^rrv ni* AKTit/tTARiKn 

That tu^ Voiumr of Etcarts o£ ttje ^rtctg of ttie SsU 

of i^Oi wJiicli, liy tlie iuuliority of the Swiii^tyj hm li»iufi fHliU^d l>y 
Mr, HttarT, SetTetary, be n*m inrnM to tb*^ MeTiibpffl, 

JOHN BTUAKT, Stcnlmy. 



jiatpon aiujit always entera largely id to those of the clergy of the place with 
the Ti^ual prefix of Gilla or Maol j and we find a subsequent Bishop of St, 
Andrews called Hacgilla Odraiij aoa of the servant of Odran,'* — (" Notice of 
the Early Ecclesiastical Settlements at St, Andrews/' By Wm. F, Skece, ^q.^ 
m Proceed ijigs of the Society of Autiqnariee of Scotland. YoL ir. pp. 31 6^ 31d.) 



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PREFACE. 




fHE ISLET OF THE May, in the mouth of the Firth 
^of Forth, is chiefly remembered in later times as 
the site of a beacon to warn the passing mariner 
from its rocky strand ; but in the earliest chapters of our 
ecclesiastical history it appears as a retreat of the recluse, 
and the seat of a house of religion. 

The Breviary of Aberdeen preserves to us, in the Lives 
of the Saints, the traditionary accounts, which had floated 
down &om early times, of the various missions through 
which the knowledge of Christianity was introduced among 
the pagan tribes of Scotland. 

The leader of one of these missions was St. Adrian, who, 
in the popular belief, was supposed to have come from 
Hungary.^ 

^ Mr. Skene supposes that Adrian was one of a body of Irish missionaries 
whose arriyal in Pictland occurred about the time of the accession of Kenneth 
Macalpin. ** His true name of a Scot was probably Odran, as the name of the 
patron saint always enters largely into those of the clergy of the place with 
the usual prefix of Qilla or Biaol ; and we find a subsequent Bishop of St 
Andrews called Macgilla Odran, son of the servant of Odran." — ('< Notice of 
the Early Ecclesiastical Settlements at St Andrews.** By Wm. F. Skene, Esq., 
in Fkoceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. Vol. iy. pp. 31 6, 318.) 



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U PREFACE. 

He, along with his " Company" of brother missionaries, 
is represented as having settled and labom-ed among the 
Pictish people in the east parts of Scotland. On the " de- 
struction'* of the Pictish kingdom, the missionaries still 
continued their labours, but after a time, having come to 
desire a spot where they might live in greater retirement 
and uninterrupted devotion, they selected the Isle of May 
as the place of their retreat. Having accordingly removed 
from the opposite coast, they took possession of the island ; 
and after they had expelled a multitude of demons and 
monsters^ it became the abode of prayer and holiness. 
Here St. Adrian might enjoy his solitude when he chose, 
and yet carry on his work in the mission field in the neigh- 
bouring province of Fife.* 

It may be remarked in passing, that it was a favourite 
practice of our early missionaries to found their monastic 

^ Many of the early saints were wont to leave their ordinary abodes for 

places of greater retirement and devotion. 
Snipidi Severi, St Martin forsook his cell, which was near to his church of Tonrs, for one 

Miuiini, cap. tU. in a rocky desert in the neighbourhood, where the famous abbey of Marmou- 

tier was afterwards erected. 
vita& Kentieer- St. Eentigexn, as we learn from his biographer, was wont to retire to 

nl, cap. xriL MS. 

in Archbishop caves duriuR the time of Lent, in order that being free from the tumults of 

Manh'i Libniy, ^ 

Dnbiin. the world and the strife of tongues, he might hide himself in the presence of 

Qod. 

BrcTiar. Abend. St Serfs retreat was in one of the caves at Dysart 

XT. St Cuthbert retired from his Monastery at Lindisfiune to the solitary 

Vita 8. Cadbero- Islet of Fame, from which, like St Adrian, he expelled many demons and 
tf, cap. ztU. 

monsters. 



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PREFAOE. lU 

settlements on islands^ either as adjacent to the scene of 
their labours, or as securing them from the troubles of that 
rough age. lona and Lindisfame are notable instances of 
an early date, to which may be added the monasteries on 
the Isles of Arran, Tory, Inishmurry, and Inishbofin on the 
Irish Coast, and those on Bardsey Island and Ramsey 
Island, near St. David's, in Wales. 

Other islands, in the Firth of Forth, were also the 
retreats of early colonies of hermits and monks. In 
the seventh century the Bass^ gave shelter to St. Bal- 

^ St Baldred, the Apostle of East Lothian, who died in the beginning of 
the seventh centuiy, was wont to pass his time in desert places, and in islands 
in the sea. One of his chief island resorts was the Bass Bock (Breviar. Aberd. 
Part HyemaL foL bdiL) This rock is described by Alcnin in his poem *' De 
Sanctis Ecdesio Eboracensis,*' under ^ Baltheri anachoretsB res gestoo** : — 

" Est locus midoso circnmdatas midiqne ponto. 
Rupibns horrendis pnempto et margine septus.*' 

(Qale's Historisd Britannicss, Saxonicaa, Anglo-DanicsB, Scriptores XY. p. 726). 
Balther is believed to have had a cell at 'Tyningham, which, as so fre- 
qnently happened in early times, proved the nucleus of a subsequent monas- 
tic establishment ; and we learn from Simeon of Durham that ^ Monasterium 
Sancti Baltheri quod vocatur Tinningaham" had a territory stretching from 
Lombormore to Escemuthe — ^that is, from Lammermoor to Inveresk (ffistoria 
de Sancto Cuthberto, ap. Twysden Decem Scriptores, CoL 69). His church here 
had the privilege of sanctuary. In the churchyard of Preston, one of Baldred's 
churches, his statue was to be seen till towards the end of last century, when 
it was destroyed. In the vicinity of this church there is a spring of the 
purest water, which is called St BaldrecTs WeUj and a pool or eddy in the 
Tyne which is known as 8t BaJdndPt WhirL On the coast of Tyningham 
there is a bason, formed by the sea in a rock, called Sl Baldn^» Cradle, — 



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IV PREFACE. 

dred, who laboured in Lothian ; and the little oratoiy on 

Inchcolm/ most probably is to be attributed to a solitary of 

this early period. 

According to Wyntown, who, towards the end of the 

fourteenth century, was Prior of the Monastery of St. 

Serf's Inch in Lochleven, and there composed his Chronicle 

from many authentic sources now lost to us : — 

" Adriane wyth hys Cumpany 
To-gydder came to Caplawchy, 
Thare sum in-to the 111 of May 
Chesyd to byde to thare enday, 
And sum of thame chesyd be-north 
B. VI. c. viii. In steddis sere the Watter of Forth." 

(Chalmeis' Caledonia, voL iL pp. 541-2.) In a commission by Pope Alexander 
VL directed to the Prior and Archdeacon of St Andrews, to investigate a 
claim of the Prioress of North Berwick against Robert Lauder of the Bass, 
and the rector of the parish of the Bass, for certain barrels of grease of 
geese, dated 10th May 1493, it is stated that the church, of which the ruins 
stiU remain, had then been newly erected, " noviter erecta." — (Original in H. 
M. General Register House). It would seem not to have been consecrated 
tiU 5th June 1542, on which day it is recorded that '^ M. Yilliem Qybsone, 
byschop of Libaiiensis and suf&aganeus to David Beton, Cardynall and Arche- 
bysschop of Santandros, consecrat and dedicat the paris kyrk in the craig of 
the Bass, in honor of Sant Baldred, bysschop and confessor, in presence of 
Maister Jhon Lawder, arsdene of Teuidaill, noter publict" — (Extracta ex 
Cronids Scocie, p. 255. Edin. 1842). Robert Lauder of the Bass had a 
somewhat ominous cUias — viz. JRcbert icitk the horit quhyngar (Vitas Episcop. 
Dunkeld., p. 28, Bann. Club). 

^ See an exhaustive paper by Professor Sir J. Y. Simpson, Bart., " On an 
old stone-roofed ceU or oratory in the island of Inchcolm^ (Proceedings of the 
Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, vol. ii. p. 489). 



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PREFACE. V 

And there may yet be seen, in a grey weather-beaten 
cliflF at Caplachie or Caiplie, on the shore of Fife, opposite 
to the Isle of May, a group of caves, hollowed out in the 
rock Of these, the middle and largest one has many 
small crosses rudely incised on its walls, while over the 
cave, and entering from it by steps cut in the rock, there 
was till lately a little chamber, with a bench on its inner 
side cut in the rock, both of which have been traditionally 
associated with St. Adrian,^ as his oratory and abode. 

Monanus, or St Monan, one of St Adrian's " Cumpany,'' 
settled at Invery, in the parish of Abercromby, where till 
lately the cave which gave him shelter was to be seen in a 
rock close to the venerable church of St Monans. 

1 There is a cluster of caves in the rocks, with many sculptures of crosses 
and other figures on the walls at East Wemjss. Another group, in one of 
which St Serf was wont to spend his Lent, is at Dysart At Pittenweem 
there is a double cave, in the innermost of which is a spring of water called 
St Fillan's WelL Near St Andrews is the well-known Cave of St Rule and 
the Cave of Eincraig. At Fife Ness is '* Constantine's" Cave, with many in- 
cised crosses on the walL All of these seem at one time to have been occu- 
pied as places of retreat and devotion, and doubtless are the '' Steddis" re- 
ferred to in Wyntown's Narrative ; for in describing the celebrated inter- 
view between St Serf and the Devil, which took place when the Saint was 
in his cave retreat in Dysart, the Prior of St Serf's Inch says : — 

** Quhil Saynt Serf in-til a Stede 
Lay eftyr Maytynis in hys bede 
The Devil came." 

A description of these caves, with their sculptures, wUl be found in 
** Sculptured Stones of Scotland,** vol. ii. Appendix to the Preface, p. Ixxxvii. 



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Tl PREFACE. 

As Wyntown writes : — 

*' At Invery Saynct Monane 
That of that Cumpany was ane, 
Chesyd hym sa nere the se 
B. V. c. VIII. Til lede hys lyf : thare endyt he." 

The desolation which marked the inroads of the North- 
men in other places, overtook St. Adrian in his island home 
about the time when the hallowed shrines of lona and Lin- 
disfame were consigned to the flames and their inmates to 
the sword- 

In Wyntown's words : — 

^ Hwb Haldane and Hyngare 
Off Denmark this tyme cumyn ware 
In Scotland wyth gret multitude, 
And wyth thare powere it oure-yhude. 
In Hethynnes all lyvyd thai, 
And in dispyte of Crystyn Fay 
Into the land thai slwe mony, 
And put to Dede by Martyry ; 
And apon haly Thurysday 
Saynt Adriane thai dwe in May, 
Wyth mony of hys Cumpany ; 
B. VI. c. VIII. ^^ that haly Isle thai ly." 

With this Saint we lose the light which for a time 
brought his island retreat into a dim outline. The bright- 
ness was transient^ but its memory has never died. 

Before proceeding to speak of the island on its again 
emerging from obscurity, I may notice an allusion to it in 
the legends of St Ecntigem, the Apostle of Strath- 
dyde. 



Vol I. p. 171 



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PBEFACE. VU 

According to one of the lives of St. Kentigem, his 
mother Thaneu, while still pregnant with the future saint, 
was placed by her father's command in a frail coracle at 
the mouth of the stream Aberlessic, now Aberlady, and 
being conducted into the open sea beyond the Isle of May, 
the vessel was abandoned to the chances of the waves. On 
these, more merciful than her father, she was waffced up the 
firth to the shore of the coast of Fife, where in the early 
dawn she landed on the sands near Culros, and soon affcer 
gave birth to her son, who was nourished by St Serf in his 
Monastery at this place, and received from him his name 
of Kentigem. The sea at the mouth of the Aberlessic, as 
we learn from the legend, used to abound with fish ; but 
these, out of sympathy with the injured Thaneu, accom- 
panied her skiff to the spot where she was set adrift, and 
there they remained ; and in the twelfth century, when the 
life of the saint was written, the abundance of fish around 
the May was so great, that fishers from all coasts, Angles, 
Scots, Belgians, and French,^ resorted to the spot for the sake 
of fishing, and were all sheltered in the havens of the island.^ 

Whatever we may think of the reason assigned for the 

^ Men of all these cotmtiies seem to liave become settlers in and around 
St Andrews about this time. King Malcolm lY. confirmed to the Canons (^ 
St Andrews the oblations and rents payable to the Church of the Holy 
Trinity, as well from Scots as French, as well from Flemings as the English 
living within and without the buigh of St Andrews (Registr. Priorat S. An- 
dree, p. 194.) 

* Vita S. Eentigemi, ap. Registr. Episcopat Glasguens. I. Lcuiii. Ixxxiy. 



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vm PRBFACE. 

abundance of fish around the rocky shores of the May, it 
will be seen in the sequel that its fame as a fishing station 
continued to be great at a much later period. 

The next notice of the Isle of May brings it into the 
sphere of historical records, in the time of King David I. 

This monarch, who bore a conspicuous part in that re- 
moulding of the Scottish Church, which was begun with such 
earnestness by his mother, the Saxon Princess Margaret, was 
led in many instances in fixing the sites of the religious 
houses and episcopal sees which he foimded, to select spots 
remarkable for their associations with earlier institutions, 
either eremitical or monastic* There must have been many 
obvious objections to the placing a monastery on an island, 
which, by its exposure to the prevailing blasts, was fi:e- 
quently, and for considerable periods on end, imapproach- 
able from the shore; but these were counterbalanced by 
its former memories as the retreat of St Adrian, and the 
scene of his martyrdom. 

On this desolate spot, therefore. King David founded a 
monastery before the middle of the twelfth century, which 
he forthwith granted to the Benedictine Abbey of Reading 

^ The See of Aberdeen took the place of the monasteiy of St Machar ; 
that of Ross came in room of the monasteiy of St BomSace ; that of Brechin 
replaced the Culdee foundation of Kenneth Mac Malcolm ; Dunkeld was 
grafted on the Culdee house of Kenneth Mac Alpin ; that of Qlasgow in the 
room of the monasteiy of St Kentigem on the Molendinar. 

The monasteries of Melros, Jedburgh, Dunfermlin, Scone, Tyningham, 
Monymuek, Restennet, all occupied the sites of earlier religious institutions. 



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PREFACE. IX 

in Berkshire, recently founded by his brother-in-law Henry 
Beauclerc. The charter of donation has not been preserved, 
but its terms may be gathered from certain legal proceed- 
ings touching the foundation, in the time of Edward L, 
which will be afterwards referred to. 

From these it appears that David conveyed to the monks 
of Reading, in free and perpetual alms, the Priory of May, 
with its pertinents, on condition that they should place and 
maintain therein nine^ priests of their brethren to celebrate 
divine service for the soul of the donor, and the souls of his 
predecessors and successors, Kings of Scotland.^ 

^ From one of the charters of King William the Lion (No. 13) it appears 
that the number of monks in the priory had been increased to thirteen in his 
tune, and that the prior was not removeable except for some manifest fault 
proved to the King and the Bishop of St Andrews. 

^ TorfsBus records that Swein Asleif, in one of his expeditions, wasted the 
island and plundered the monastery soon after the time of its foundation : — 
" Steering southward, Swein and his followers arrived at the Isle of May. In 
that island there was a monasteiy, the abbot of which was named Baldwin. 
Being detained there for seven days, they professed to be ambassadors from 
Earl Ronald to the King of Scotland. The monks, suspecting them to be 
robbers, sent to the mainland for help. On this Swein plundered the Mon- 
astery, and took much booty. Swein then sailed up the Firth of Forth 
(which Torfseus calls ginum myrkvajiordum ieu tenebrico8um\ and found King 
David at Edinburgh. The Eong received Swein with much honour, and 
entreated him to remain. Swein told the King of all that had occurred 
between him and Earl Ronald, and how he had plundered the Isle of May." 
(Oicades seu Rerum Orcadensium Historise, Havniae, 1715, p. 118). On 
another occasion Swein anchored at the Isle of May, from which he dispatched 
messengers to the King at Edinburgh {Ibid., p. 132). 



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V 



X PREFACB. 

By King David, and lus successors Malcolm the Maiden, 
William the Lion, and Alexander IL, the Priory of May 
was endowed with many valuable gifts. 

From King David the monks received the manor of Pitne- 
weme,* and the part of the lands of Inverin, which formerly 
belonged to Avemus.' From the same monarch they got a 
toft in Berwick (No. 2) , also one-half of the lands of Balgallin, 
as they had been perambulated by Gillecolm Maccinbethin, 
and Machet MacTorfin, and Malmure, Thane of Kelly, 

1 Rotiili]»>Gartaram et Mnnimentoram Scode (No. 1) ; and Carte Prioiat 
Insule de Maj (No. 4). 

^ The late Mr. Qeorge Chalmers, in his laborious and useful work ^ Cale- 
donia,** has founded an aignment on a reading of this passage which turns 
out to be erroneous. With the view of illustrating a supposed change of 
the British ** Aber," used as a topographical prefix, into the Gaelic " Inyer,** 
he cites the grant of David to the Priory of the Isle of May, in the belief 
that it should be read '' Inverin qui fuit Aberin." <* It is a curious fact, 
which we learn firom the charters of the twelfth century, that the Scoto-Irish 
people substituted their Inver for the previous Aher of the Briton& David 
I. granted to the monastery of May ^ Inv&r-ixi qui fuit Aher-ia* *' (Caledonia, 
vol. i. p. 34, note). As tiie point is one of some interest, I have given the 
passage containing the words in question from the roll in facsimile. They 
occur in three of the charters (Nos. 4, 9, and 12), and in all of them the 
reading of the word which Chalmers took for Aherin is ** AvemL" It seems 
obvious that the King's grant is limited to the portion of land which 
had belonged to Avemus. One part of these lands was vested in the old 
Earls of Mar, and was conveyed by Earl Morgrund to the Canons of St 
Andrews (R^;istr. Priorat Sancti Andree, p. 248), while another belonged to 
the EarU of Buchan, out of which William Cumyn and his wife, the Countess 
Maijory, granted a half-mark- to the same Canons (Idem, p. 282). Long alter 
the lands had been alienated by the Priory, and were united in the possession 



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PREFACE. XI 

together with common pasture in the shires or parishes of 
KeUy and Crail (No. 3). 

The pious David also granted to the prior and brethren 
of May commonly in his forest of Qacmanec^ (No. 5), and 
freedom from can and toll throughout the land (No. 6). 

The King also granted to the Abbey of Beading the 
vill of Rindalgros, as it had been perambulated by himself, 
William Giffard, Herbert the Chamberlain, and others the 
King's men, with this condition, that if the King or his 
heirs should afterwards make such additions to his dona< 
tion as would suffice for the maintenance of a convent, the 
same should be erected on the said vill and enjoy its 
fruits ; any surplus being for the use of the house of Read- 
ing (No. 1). 

The vill is situated in the parish of Bhynd, a small dis- 
trict in the county of Perth, occupjong the angle where 
the Tay and the Earn join their waters. It appe^^ that in 
the lifetime of king David a religious house was estab- 
lished here (No. 7), which in the Charter of Inspezimus is 
styled '' locus de predicta cella de Mai ;'' and various notices 

of one owner, they were described in terms indicative of their having been 
separate estates at an earlier period — '* In dimidietate tenarum de Sanct Mon* 
anee, Finvirie nnncnpata," [the earlier Inveiy of the charters in the^text, by 
which term the whole lauds were known] ^ altera dimidietate de Finvirie vocata 
Wester Sanct Monance.** (Index of Betours, Fife, July 16, 1645). In 1545 
the Prior refers to his manor, commonly called ^ the new werk of Sanct 
Monanis." (Begistrum de Pittenweem, p. 175.) See also Mr. Skene's ** The 
Four Ancient Books of Wales,** voL i. p. 152. 

^ As to the '^ QiUeserfis of Chicmannan,'' to whom (with others) this Charter 
is addressed, see Note A at end of the Preface. 



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ZU PRBFACE. 

occur in later Charters, which show that it continued to 
be a dependency of the Priory under the Abbots of Read- 
ing (Nos. 38, 39). 

Prom Malcohn IV. the monks of May received grants 
confirming those of his grandfather; and by a writ ad- 
dressed to all his good men, and those who fish around the 
Isle of May, he commanded them to pay to the monks 
their tithes as in the time of his grandfather (No. 11). 

He also granted five merks yearly of the can of ships 
coming to Perth (No. 12). 

He granted to the monks of Rindalgros the tithes be- 
longing to the church of the vill, as well of fishings in the 
waters of Tay and Em, as of lambs, cheese, and other 
things firom which tithes ought to be paid (No. 8). 

From William the Lion the monks of May received 
many charters confirming those of his predecessors, and 
conveying fi:esh rights. He gave them a half of BaJgallin, 
a territory of which they already possessed the other half 
by gift of his grandfather ; and after denoimcing those who 
should unjustly detain firom the monks their tithes as they 
had been wont to receive them in the time of King David, 
he prohibited all firom fishing in their waters, or erecting 
buildings on the Isle of May, or digging the ground, or 
using the grass of the island, without their license. More- 
over, the King confirmed to them the grant of Grospatric 
Earl of Dunbar, of a house and toft in Dunbar, and free- 
dom to a ship for conveying necessaries to their house^ 
(No. 12). 

^ " Applicationem unius navis ad necessaria domus sue trannportauda. 



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PREFACE. XIU 



He granted them fourpence from all ships having four 
hawsers, coming to the ports of Pittenweem and Anstruther 
for the sake of fishing or selling fish, and in like manner 
of boats with fixed helms (No. 14). 

He reserved for his own use the can, or duty, collected 
at these ports, enjoining his thanes to pay the tenth penny 
to the monks {Id.) 

He ^ve them the lands of Petother, and declared their 
lands, and the men abiding on them, free from hosting, as 
also from payment of can and toll. This latter freedom 
was extended to all who came to fish in their grounds 
(Nos. 15, 16, 17). By a writ addressed to all fishers 
around the Isle of May he firmly enjoins them to pay the 
tithes and customs which the monks enjoyed in the time 
of his brother Malcolm before the time of prior William 
(No. 18). 

From Alexander II. the monks received two charters, 
one of them confirming a gift which his brother Robert of 
London had made of the lands of Lingoc, part of his Waste 
of Kelly (No. 19), the other ratifying an agreement by 
which Bernard Fraser resigned to the monks his lands of 
Dremscheles (No. 20). 

All the previous deeds are found in the CJharter Roll, 
35 Edward I., No. 31, and most of them relate to lands 
on the north side of the Forth ; but the monks were 
owners also of valuable property on the other side of the 

The " applicatio navinm " is defined by Du Cange as « Tributum qaod ex- 
solvitur pro navibus ad littus applicandis.** — Qlossarium, gub voce. 



I 



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XIY PRBFAOB. 

FirtL The subsequent deeds, which principally refer to 
their lands in Lothian, are extracted from the Register of 
the Priory of St. Andrews.* 

Patrick, the Earl of Dunbar,* who enjoyed his great 
border Earldom from shortly before the middle of the 
thirteenth century till towards its end, gave them all 
the land within these bounds — ^namely, from Windydure 
to Eingissete, and so by the footpath coming down to 
Eingsbum, and from thence up by the high road which 
goes by the Rede Stane, and by that road to Windydure, 
with common pasture ; and he released them from the 
annual payment of a cow which they had been wont 
to make for their lands in Lambermor, held of him (No. 
21). 

From John Fitz-Michael they got the lands of Mays- 
chelis, in the Lambermor, on the south side of Calwerbume, 
from the ford between Panschelis and Eingseat, to the 
Standing Stone dividing between east and west, and thence 
to a great stone beneath Winethes ; and thence to Strother- 
field ; and thence by a small pathway to Windesduris, in 
the pertinents of his town of Panscheles, with an acre of 

^ '^ Begistrom Prioiatos Sancti Andxee,** printed for the members of the 
Bamiatyne Clab firom the original record at Panmure Honae. Edinbmgh, 
1841. 

' It appears that his predecessor Qospatric, the Earl, granted to the monks 
a toft near his harbour of Bele, and that from Earl Patrick they received a 
gift of five acres of knd, also near that harbour. (Rotulus Oartarum, No. 24 
and No. 26.) 



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PREFACE. XV 

meadow, and with pasture sufficient for 300 mother sheep 
and thirty bearing cows, and twenty-four brood mares with 
their young. The monks were also to have ten sows with 
their brood in his pasture, and the men dwelling on the 
land were to have peats and tur& when necessary for their 
houses, — ^the whole gifts being declared to be free from 
hosting, service, and multures (No. 24). 

From William of Beaueyr they received the lands of 
Ardarie in Fife, with a carucate and bovate, in alms for the 
weal of the soul of Countess Ada, Malcolm the King, her 
son, and William, who is now King. The two bovates 
which he gave in dowry to his wife, and one bovate which 
he gave to Ralph his serjeant, after their deaths were to be- 
long to the monks of May. The granter also prayed to 
be received into brotherhood, corporal as well as spiritual, 
at his death (No. 25). 

E^ou Ruffns bestowed on the monks the land from 
the bum dividing his land from that of Lingoch to the 
ditches made in presence of the granter, Agnes his wife, 
Robert le Marc, William Bolk, Ulf of Lingoch, Malcolm of 
Inuerin, and others, on the hill side, which is north of the 
bum (No. 26). 

Alexander Cumyn, Earl of Buchan, gave a stone of wax, 
or forty shillings, yearly, to be received at Rossy at the 
fab of St Andrew (No. 27).' 

^ Alexander Oomyii, by his marriage with Marjory, the last of the Celtic 
line of MormaorB, or Earls, of Buchan, became the Earl of Buchan, and there- 
by owner of part of the lands of Inuerin or St Monana, of which another had 



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XVI PREFACE. 

From Gilbert of St. Maxtin the monks got part of the 
Moor of Barewe, close to the hill of Whitelawe, on the 
west (No. 33). 

In the administration of the properties thus bestowed 
on the monks of May, they met with many causes of dis- 
pute. 

A controversy arose between them and Sir John de 
Dimdemore relative to the lands of Turbrech in Fife, which, 
after many altercations, was thus settled in the year 1260 : 
Sir John relinquished all claim to the lands, in considera- 
tion of which the prior and monks granted to him a monk 
to perform divine service in the chapel of the Blessed Vir- 
gin Mary in the Isle of May, for his soul and the souls of 
his forefathers and successors. They were also to pay him 

been granted to the monkB of May by King David I. His grant of wax was 
for the lights of St Etheman's [chapel T\ of the Isle of May. 

It might have been supposed that this was only another name for St 
Adrian, as the Scotch pronunciation of Etheman is hardened into Eddran, if 
the saints had not been so well distinguished in the calendar and legends of 
the Scottish church. The memory of St Adrian was celebrated on the 4th 
of ACarch, while St Etheman's day was the 2d of December. 

St Etheman was held in great reverence throughout the province of Buchan, 
and especially at Rathen, the church of which was dedicated to him, while on 
the east side of the adjoining hiU of Mormond a solitary den is known as St. 
EthemaiCs or EddrarCi Slack, and is said to have been the site of his hermits 
age. The Earl's devotion to the saint suggests the continued existence of a 
feeling which was strong among the early Celtic tribes, both in Ireland and 
Scotland, of reverence for their fiimily saint, and founder of their dan-mon- 
astery, similar in its character to that which made them regard with honour 
the man from whom their clan derived its existence and its name. 



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PBEFACB. XVU 



half-a-mark of silver yearly, or sixiy " mulwelli,"^ at their 
option ; and they also granted to him and his heirs a lamp 
of glass in the church of Syreis or Ceres, and, for feeding it, 
two gallons of oil, or twelve pence, yearly. If they should 
fail to observe these conditions. Sir John was to have right 
of regress to the lands (No. 29). 

This agreement, however, did not long preserve them in 
quiet occupation of Turbrech ; for in 1285 we have a sen* 
tence of the bishop of St. Andrews, as arbiter in a claim 
made by Henry de Dundemore for fealty to be sworn to 
him by the prior and monks on account of the said lands. 
The bishop found that the monks were not bound to make 
the fealty claimed, and ordained the claimant to restore to 
the monks a horse which he had distrained and kept in his 
possession (No. 30). ^ 

A question having arisen between the monks and 
Thomas Fitz-Eustace touching certain lands in the Brig* 
gate of Berwick, it was settled by the Abbots of Scone and 
Lindores, and the Archdeacon of St. Andrews, as Commis- 
sioners delegated by the Pope. To the Deed which records 
the settlement was appended the seal of the Priory of 
May, confirmed by the seal of the Abbot of Beading 
(No 31.) 

A similar question relating to another piece of ground 
in Brig-gate, in which Balph, Prior of May, acted as pro- 

1 ** Mnlwelliu," Tibob qui in man Ang^ Boreali copiose capitur in nstate, 
Londomis Ortef^Uh; LancastrendbuB liUwin (Da Cange, Gloesar. tub voce), 
Hht word has also been tranalated mnUet and haddock. 

h 



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XVm PREFACE. 

curator for the Abbot and Convent of Reading, was ami- 
cably compromised (No. 32). 

A house and land in the town of Dunbar, claimed by 
the House of May, having been withheld from them by 
Patrick, Chaplain of Dunbar, the question of right came 
before the court of the Archdeaconry of Lothian, and at last, 
on the confession of Patrick that the title of the monks was 
good, it was settled that he should hold the house and ground 
from them for a yearly payment of three shillings. This 
settlement was made by William of Mortimer, Official of 
the Bishop of St. Andrews, and Baldred, Dean of Lothian, 
within the parish church of Haddington, in the year 1242, 
in presence of the Priest of Haddington and the Vicar of 
North Berwick (No. 35). 

The settlement of another dispute about a tenement in 
the town of South Berwick is recorded. The Monks of 
Reading claimed a tenement in the Brig-gate between that 
of Walter de Lindesay and Amald de Windrawere, which 
they estimated as worth 500 merks, and which was illegally 
detained from them by Adam, son of Philip, a burgess of 
South Berwick. 

After a litigation of ten years before the Abbot and 
Prior of Lindores, as judges delegated by the Pope, involv- 
ing much argument, labour, and expense, the case was at 
last settled in the Conventual Church of St Andrews, on 
Monday after the Feast of St. Luke the Evangelist, in the 
year 1261, in such wise that the House of Beading should 
renounce their cause of action against the said Adam, re- 



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PREFACS. XIX 

serving to the brethren of May an annual payment of two 
merks (No. 36). 

On the lands of Rindalgros, granted to the monks of 
Reading by David I., it has been seen that a cell for monks, 
subject to the Priory of May, was erected. Some questions 
of property arose between the brethren of May and their 
neighbours, of which we have the details. 

With the opposite proprietor, Duncan of Inchesiryth, 
they had a question as to the intermediate fishing-ground, 
which was adjusted without discussing the claims of par- 
ties, so that it should be open to both to draw their nets, 
(ultra profundum limitis de Tey), according to the common 
use of the country (No. 38). 

Another plea arose between the Prior and Convent of 
May on the one side and the monks of Scone on the other. 
It was alleged by the former that the CJhurch of Rind, with 
the teinds of the whole parish, belonged in property to 
them, but that the brethren of Scone detained from them 
the tithes of four fishings — ^viz. Sleples and Elpenslau, and 
Chingil and Inchesiryth, within the bounds of the parish. 
As usual the cause came before commissioners appointed by 
the Pope, who in this instance were Henry, Prior of St. An- 
drews, Laurence, Archdeacon of St. Andrews, and Ralph, 
Dean of Fife. 

After the litigants had become wearied with an exchange 
of pleadings, allegations, and exceptions, it was at last set- 
tled, by the judges, and a person learned of the law, with 
consent of the parties, that the convent of Scone, for the 



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XX PREFACE. 



sake of peace, should annually pay two merks of silver 
to the prior and Monks of May, for which they should be 
free from all claim for the tithes (No. 39). 

The parish church of Anstruther belonged to the Monks 
of May, while that of Eilretheni (now Kilrenny) was the 
property of the Canons of Dryburgh, and the parishes were 
divided from each other by a stream. 

The House of Dryburgh asserted that the ships and 
boats occupied in fishing in this stream were moored on the 
Kilrenny side, and their anchors fixed within the bounds 
of that parish, where they remained for the night, and that 
they were thus entitled to one-half of the tithes arising 
from such ships and boats, while the monks of May took 
the whole. 

After some discussion before the Papal Commissioners, 
who were the abbot and prior of Melrose, with the Dean 
of Teviotdale, the dispute was at last compounded by them, 
with consent of the parties, at Melrose, in the year 1225, in 
such wise that, for the sake of peace, the monks of May 
should pay yearly one merk of silver within the parish 
church of Kilrenny to the canons of Dryburgh, for which 
payment the monks were to be free of all claim by the 
canons, providing that the latter should receive full tithe 
from their proper parishioners, that is from these parish- 
ioners receiving spiritual benefits in the church of Kil- 
renny, and using the said part of the shore ; and that the 
monks should receive full tithes from all coming from 
other quarters, and using the said part of the shore. To 



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PRKFACE. XXI 

this instrament the seals of both parties, along with the 
seal of the abbot of Reading, were attached (No. 40). 

The last deed in the Collection reccnrds an agreement 
between the prior and convent of May, on the one part, 
and Malcolm the Capbearer, on the other, touching the 
Chapel of Ricardestone, and illnstrates the existing relation 
between such oratories and parochial churches. The monks 
agreed that on every Sunday, Wednesday, and Friday, 
mass should be celebrated in the Chapel of Ricardestone 
by a chaplain from the house of Rindalgros, or some other 
for him, as well as on these principal festivals — ^viz. Christ- 
mas, and the three days after it, Whitsunday, the Feast of 
the Assumption, the Nativity, and of All Saints^ and that 
there only the holy bread (panis benedictus) ^ should be offered 
by the men of the saidvill,andthatthereonly the women of 
the vill should be purified and make confession, but should 
pay the offering for wax to the mother church of Rindal- 
gros, and should receive the communion in that church 
on Easter day, it being optional to the Cupbearer and his 
successolrs to receive the communion either in the chapel or 

' The holjT loaf or enlogia was bread offered np by the people, blessed by 
the priest after ihe mass was ended, and distributed by him among the people. 

Many of the offerings of tiie royal {nlgrim James IV. at ihe shrines which 
he visited consisted of bread, which doubtless were for the purpose of being 
blessed and distributed. Dr. Beeves shows firom a passage of Adamnan's life 
of St. Columba, that in the Irish Church in the time of that Saint, it was the 
practice to participate reverentially of the eulogise at the commencement of 
the afternoon meal, and in the refectory (p. 122, note). See also Dncange in 
roe, n. 2 ; Dr. Rock's Church of our Father?, voL i. p. 135. 



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XXU PREFACE. 

the mother church. The said Malcolm might also have a 
ministering priest in his chapel, provided that such chap- 
lain should profess his subjection to the Mother Church of 
Rindalgros ; and finally, the gifts of land given by his father 
to the chapel were confirmed, and other four acres granted 
in pure ahns. The witnesses to this agreement were William, 
bishop of St Andrews., Ralph, the archdeacon, Laurence, 
official, Patrick, abbot of Dunfermline, William, abbot of 
Scone, Guido, abbot of Lindores, Thomas, prior of St. An- 
drews, William, dean of Crail, Michael and Innocent, 
canons of Scone, John of Pitkere, Hugh Malherbe, and 
many others (No. 41). 

The Priory of May, for upwards of a century after its 
foimdation, continued in the peaceable possession of the 
monks of Reading, who, by the charter of David I. in 
their favour, were bound to serve the same with nine 
monks (being also priests) to pray for the souls of the 
founder, his predecessors, and successors, Kings of Scot- 
land.^ 

The fortunes of the house then assumed a more stormy 
aspect, and became involved in the national disputes which 
arose between Scotland and England. The circumstances 
connected with this cliange are recorded by Fordim, from 
whom we learn that, in the year 1269, on the death of 
prior Hugh, a man of great sanctity and abstinence, Wil- 

^ A J). 1257. Monasterio de Mayo dioceeis Sancti Andree, constitutio 
Innocentiana de Bolvendis procurationibuB contra araritiam prelatoram facta, 
contirmatur per Alexandriini, pp. iv. — (Theiner's Vetera Monumenta, p. 74. ) 



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PREFACE. XXin 



liam, a monk of Seading, was sent from the parent house to 
Scotland as his successor, and was admitted by the King as 
prior. On account^ however, of the danger which might 
thus arise to the kingdom through the possession of the 
island by those in the interest of a foreign power, and that 
the English might have no means thereafter of using it 
as a place for spying out the defenceless parts of the land, 
tile King resolved to acquire the Priory by purchase from 
the monks of Reading. The transaction was completed 
by William Wishart, bishop of St. Andrews, who paid to 
the house of Beading 700 merks for the priory, and then 
conferred it on the canons of St Andrews.* 

There are documents still preserved which shew that 
Fordun's statement is not literally correct. 

From these it would seem that Robert de Burghgate, 
abbot of Beading, sold the priory of May to the bishop of 
St Andrews, and it was afterwards alleged that he did so 
against the voice of a majority of the convent It is plain 
that he received from the Bishop the sum of 1100 merks 
to account of the price. 

His successor, abbot William, feeling dissatisfied with 
the transaction, attempted to overturn it, and in the course 
of the proceedings which ensued, an attempt was made by 
Edward L to turn the case to accoimt in his designs against 
the independence of Scotland. In the Parliament of John 
BaUol, held at Scone on the 10th of February 1292, there 
appeared two representatives of the abbot of Beading, duly 

* Joannis Forduni Scotichronicon, voL ii. pp. 110, 111. 



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XXIY PBEFACE. 



autihorised to claim possession of the piiory of May, or to 
get payment of the balance of the price agreed to be paid 
for the same, along witii the fruits and rents accruing from 
the priory during the preceding four years, and with power, 
if necessary, to appeal to the judgment of the King of 
England. 

On being asked whether they were prepared to repay to 
the Bishop of St. Andrews 1100 marks which the Bishop 
had advanced to Robert late abbot of Reading, the attorneys 
answered that they were not sent to make any payment to 
the bishop, and could not undertake to do so, but they 
requested that the case might be adjourned to the next 
Parliament, so that in the meantime they might consult 
with the abbot of Reading and the King of England.^ 

In the sequel, however, it appears that after certain 
steps had been taken in the discussion of the claim of the 
convent of Reading, the case was removed from the Scotch 
court by an appeal of the bishop of St Andrews to the 
Roman See, and that the Scotch king therefore refused to 
proceed farther in the matter. Under these circumstances 
the attomies of the abbot of Reading, on an alleged denial 
of justice in the Scotch court, carried their case by appeal 
to King Edward, as Lord Superior of the Kingdom of 
Scotland, and. he thereupon, by his writ, dated at Dunton, 
2d September 1293, cited John Baliol to appear before him 
within fifteen days of the ensuing Feast of St. Martin.^ 

^ Placitum Abbatis de Hading (Appendix to Preface, p. Ixxvii.) 
' Appendix to the Preface, p. Ixxix. 



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PREFACE. XXV 

Baliol having disregarded the summons, he was again 
cited to appear within the octave of the ensuing Feast of the 
Holy Trinity. This was done when the King was at 
Lanark, in presence of John Cumjm, Alexander de Baliol, 
Hugh de Euere, and Walter de Camhowa A third time he 
was summoned to appear within a month after Easter, but 
again he failed; and the sheriff of Northumberland, to 
whom the brieve was addressed, reported that he delivered 
the citation to Baliol at Scone, in presence of Alexander de 
Cheswyk, Gerard de Wesebrig, Robert de Creswell, and 
Adam de Bowe. A fourth brieve was therefore sent, to 
be served by him in person on the Scotch King, command- 
ing the latter to appear before Edward within a month 
jBx)m the Feast of St. Michael, and to bring with him the 
record of the proceedings in the Scotch courts prior to the 
appeal to the Pope.^ 

The final overthrow of the paramount claims of England, 
which was one of the happy results of Bannockbum, of 
course precluded any farther English interference with the 
agreement which had rescued the priory of May £rom an 
alien mother. 

It appears from a gift by William, bishop of St An- 
drews, in favour of his canons, dated in 1318, that^ under 
this arrangement, all the rights to the Priory of May, 
formerly vested in the Monastery of Reading, were now 
transferred to the canons. The bishop, therefore, with con- 
sent of Martin, the then prior of May, provided that an 

* Appendix to the Preface, p. Ixxxi. 



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XXVI PREFACE. 

annual pension of sixteen merks, formerly received from 
the Priory of May by the house of Reading, should now be 
paid to the monastery of St. Andrews, and be expended on 
an yearly pittance to the canons.* 

In this deed we find the Priory styled as that of " May 
and Pittenweem ;" and in later documents it is firequently 
designated as that of " Pittenweem, otherwise Isle of May" 
or " Isle of St. Adrian of May," and at times as that of 
Pittenweem alone. 

This has led several writers to suppose that originally 
there were two distinct priories, one of May and another of 
Pittenweem, and that the latter was dedicated to the Blessed 
Virgin.* 

The explanation seems to be, that the monks of May had, 
from the first, erected an establishment of some sort on their 
manor of Pittenweem, on the mainland of Fife, which, 
after the priory was dissevered from the house of Reading 
and annexed to that of St. Andrews, became their chief seat, 
and that thereafter the monastery on the island was deserted 
in favour of Pittenweem, which was less exposed to the 
incursions of the English, nearer to their superior house at 
St. Andrews, and could be reached without the necessity of 
a precarious passage by sea.« 

^ Appendix to the Preface, p. Ixxxiii. 

^ Spottiswoode's Religious Houses in Bishop Keith's Historical Catalogue 
of the Scottish Bishops, p. 388, Edin. 1824 ; New SUt. Ace. Fifeshire, p. 985 ; 
Sibbald's Hist, of Fife, p. 367 ; Cnpar Fife, 1803. 

* The first notice of a " prior of Pittenweem" occui-s in a chailer without 



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PREFACE, XXVll 

About a century after this time it appears that the re- 
date, but probably circa a.d. 1221, by Henry de Candela, son of William de 
Candela, Lord of Anstrnther, to the Abbey of Balmniynach, of common 
pasture in Aynstrother, to which Adam, " Prior de Petnyweme,** is a witness, 
^ber S. Marie de Balmoiinach, pp. 37-8). Till this time the only designation 
of the prior is '^ of May," and in other contemporary deeds, this style is still 
kept up. Richard, ^ Prior of May," was one of the judges under a Papal 
Commission, in a cause between the convent of Kilwinning and that of Dry- 
burgh, touching the Church of Lauder in 1222 (R^istr. de Drybuigh, p. 61). 
John, *^ Prior of May," was one of the judges who gave sentence in a cause 
between the same parties about the same Church in 1248 (Idem, p. 226). 
In 1225 a dispute between the monasteries of Dryburgh and May was com- 
pounded, by the latter agreeing to pay a mark yearly to the house of Dry- 
burgh, within the parish Church of Kilrenny (Idem, p. 137. Registr. Priorat 
S. Andree, p. 395). Before a century expired, the Bishop of St Andrews 
confirmed to the monastery of Drybuigh their churches and possessions, 
among which is the above mark, now said to be payable by the " Prior 
of Petinweme" (Registrum de Dryburgh, p. 240). In a list of the religious 
houses of Scotland, of the early part of the thirteenth century, the '^ Priory 
of May^ occurs without reference to one at Pittenweem (Scalacronica, p. 240-1). 
That the " Priory of Pittenweem" was only that " of May" with another 
name, is also clear, from the fact that all the lands which were conferred 
on the House of May afterwards appear in the possession of the priors of 
Pittenweem, by whom they were finally alienated, and who, as appears from 
their chartulary, had no separate possessions. This conclusion is also estab- 
lished by the terms of the charter whereby the prior of Pittenweem alien- 
* ated the Isle of May to Patrick Learmonth of Dersy, 1549. In it, he 
reserves " the name and jurisdiction of our Monastery of May, thence wont to 
be so called, in token of superiority of the island, in all time coming." 
— (Appendix to the Preface, p. xcL) 

Among other motives alleged for granting the charter, the Prior dwells on 
the position of the island, at a distance from himself, yielding little or no 



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XXVm PBEFACS. 

venues of the priory were sequestrated during a litigation 
on the subject among the Canons of St Andrews.^ 

In 1452 James II., on account of the auspicious event 
of his son's birth at St Andrews ("patroni nostri locum 
et messuagium principale''), and out of regard for James 
Kennedy, bishop of St Andrews, ratified all previous 
grants made to the church of St Andrews; and among 
other lands which he erected into a free regality are 
certain lands of the priory of Pittenweme — ^viz-Pittjoiweme, 
Litill Anstrudir, Fauside Lyngow, Pettotyr, Grangebregis, 
Grange mure, infra vicecomitatum de Fjrff, et terras de 
Ester Rynde et Wester Eynde infra vicecomitatum de 
Perth.* 

Somewhat later, by authority of Pope Paul II., the 
'* Priory of Pittenweem or May," was annexed to the See 
of St Andrews as a mensal possession of the Bishop, but 
only during the life of the then bishop, Patrick Graham. 
In the year 1472 Pope Sixtus IV., the successor of Pope 
Paul, on the narrative that he had erected the Church 
of St. Andrews into a Metropolitan See over the whole of 
Scotland, so that Patrick, the Archbishop, and his suc- 
cessors would have to bear greater burdens and expenses 

revenue, and exposed to continaal devastations of the English. The last, by 
itself, was a veiy sufficient reason for preferring a settlement on the mainland, 
and doubtless laigely contributed to the transference of the establishment 6x>m 
May to Pittenweem, after the priory was rescued from English rule, and had 
become subject to the canons of St Andrews. — (Idem.) 

' Appendix to the Preface, p. Ixxxiv. 

^ Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, vol. ii. p. 73. 



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PREFACE. XXIX 

than heretofore, especially in the maintenance in residence 
with them of a bishop, who might assist in the execu- 
tion of their archiepiscopal functions, and visit the suffra- 
gans throughout the province with a suitable number of 
attendants;^ as also, narrating that the archbishop had repre- 
sented to him that the priory of Pittenweem was not con- 
ventual, but only a small cell or chapel of the church of 
St. Andrews, whose annual revenues did not exceed a 
hundred pounds sterling, therefore the Pope annexed the 
Priory for ever as a mensal possession of the archbishops 
of St Andrews.* 

In 1479 an Act was passed in Parliament ratifying all 
donations and liberties granted to the Church of St 
Andrews, and all annexations of benefices made by the 
Pope in favour of said See, '' and thair incontinent raiss 
dene Waltere Dauidsone, prioure of Pettinweme, and pro- 
testit that the sidd graunt of oure Sourane lordis suld be na 
preiudice to him nor his said prioury of Pettinweme for his 
tjrme, the quhilk the said maist Reaverend faider William 
Archbischop of Saint Androis than present, grantit that the 
saidis unionis nor annexationis suld be na preiudice to the 
said prioure of Pettinweme, nor to nane utheris, being in 
ony benefice unit or annexit as said is, for thair tymes.'' ^ 

The annexation to the See of St Andrews does not, 

1 The plan of haying a bishop living with the archbishop for assisting him 
in his fonctions is deserving of notice, and perhaps of imitation. 
' Appendix to the Preface, p. Ixzxv. 
' Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, vol. ii p. 1 29. 



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XXX PREFACE. 

however, appear to have been of long continuance, if indeed 
it was ever acted on, and we soon afterwards find Prior 
John Rowle disposing of the patrimony of the Priory with- 
out reference to the archbishop of St. Andrews, and simply 
with consent of the priors of St. Andrews, to whom the 
house of May had always been subject since its re-acquisi- 
tion from the monks of Reading. 

The superiority of the Priory of St Andrews had been 
long recognised, and the charters granted by John Rowle 
set forth the fact. But in the year 1549 he was cited to 
appear in the Chapter-house of St. Andrews " ad faciendum 
et prestandum debitam obedienciam nobis, tanquam suo 
superiori, juxta tenorem primevi erectionis et fundationis 
dicti prioratus de Pettynweyme, ac regulam diui Augustini, 
sub pena suspensionis a divinis, et aliis censuris ecclesi- 
asticis." ^ 

It is probable that this may have led to the renunciation 
by Rowle, in the following year, to the Commendator, of all 
separate rights, and the use of a seal, imless when fortified 
with that of the convent of St. Andrews.* 

It is plain that the Prior of Pittenweem had already 
seen the necessity of relying on a stronger arm than his 
own for protecting what remained of the patrimony of his 
House. In 1543 he granted to William Dischintoun of 
Ardross a charter of the lands of Grangemuir, which sets 
forth the many benefits conferred by him on the Convent, 
and then indicates what was expected of him amid the " Lu- 

' Appendix to the Preface, p. Ixxxvii. * Idem, p. xdv. 



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PREFACE. XXXI 

theran heresies and the corruptions of the time :" — " Ac pro 
ecclesiastice libertatis et sacre religionis observantia, tuitione, 
manutenentione, et defensione, hoc instante tempore pericu- 
loso, lutheranis heresibus undique pullnlantibus, et liberta- 
tem ecclesiasticam ac omnem sacre religionis obseruantiam 
et institutionem penitus eneruare et subuertere nitentibus/'^ 

In the pripr's charter to the burgh of Pittenweem, in 
1547, confirming its erection into a royal burgh, one of 
his ostensible motives for granting it is declared to be, that 
" ecclesiastica libertas ab iUius inuasoribus iUam subuertere 
conantibus illesa semper et preseruata remaneat." * 

It was partly with the view of strengthening the prior's 
position that he got his lands erected into a Barony. 

In 1526 King James V., by a charter in favour of John 
Eowle and his convent, erected all the lands of the Priory 
into a Barony, to be called the Barony of Pittenweem, and 
he of new erected the town of Pittenweem into a burgh of 
barony, as had been done by his predecessor King James III. 

In the year 1540 Eowle received another royal charter, 
in which the King narrates that the " priory of May and 
Pittenweem'' is of small importance, and its revenues arise 
from the honest labours of poor fishers living in the 
burgh and barony of Pittenweem; and also that he, 
wishing the increase of religious men in the monastery of 
Pittenweem, and that divine service may be daily per- 
formed; as also that mass and matins with music are 
sung, and suffrages for the King and his Consort are daily 

^ Begifltr. Chart, de Pittenweem, p. 124. > Idem, p. 215. 



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XXJCU PREFACE. 

offered by the said prior and his convent ; therefore, and in 
partial recompense of the great expenses incurred by the prior 
in the parts of Prance/ he of new conveys to him and his 
convent the lands forming the patrimony of the monaatery, 
to be held as the free barony of Pittenweem, and erects 
both Pittenweem and Anstruther into burghs of barony,' 

Under Bowie's administration, the lands which had 
originally been granted to the house of the Isle of May, 
and had continued in its possession since the twelfth cen- 
tury, were mostly alienated. The deeds by which he effected 
this are recorded in a chartulary now in the charter-room 
at Elie House. 

They conmience in 1532, and bear to be granted by 
"John, Prior of the monastery of Pittenweem and con- 
vent thereof, with consent of Patrick, Prior of the 
metropolitan church of St. Andrews." In 1540 the style 
is, "with consent of James, perpetual Conmiendator of 
St Andrews and convent thereof," and the seals of both 
monasteries are affixed to the deeds. At times the 
deeds bear to be granted with consent of the chapter 
of St. Andrews, as " superiors of Pittenweem in that 
part"' 

* He went again to Fiance in 1550, with the prior of St Andrews as 
one of his adheient8.--(Priv7 Seal Register in Chalmers' Lifi of Qu&en Manfj 
vol iL p. 280.) 

s Begistr. Chart de Pittenweem, p. 291. 

3 This chartulary is a large folio volume of parchment, containing 332 
pages. It wants a leaf at the b^inning, and one or more at the end, and 
others have been injured by being pared. The deeds do not occur in the 



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PREFACE. XXX111 

On 5th August 1550, James, perpetual Commendator 
of St Andrews, narrating the admission by John Rowle, 
" Prior of May or Pettynweme" and his convent, that the 
said priory for many years has been and is a cell subject 
to the priory of St Andrews, and ought to depend from 
it as a daughter from her mother, in terms of the union 
of the said priory to that of St Andrews, made of old 
by William Fraser, Bishop of St Andrews; and that 
the said John had renounced in favour of the Com- 
mendator and his convent, all privileges and rights re- 
ceived from the Holy See which might prejudice their 
jurisdiction over the said priory of Pittenweem ; and, more- 
over, had renounced the use of his own proper seal, unless 
appended with the common seal of the convent of St 
Andrews, and that the said Prior and his convent had 
professed real and actual obedience, according to the rule 
of Saint Augustine ; — ^therefore he, the said Commendator, 
took under his protection and special maintenance the said 
priory of Pettynweme, its vassak, tenants, churches, lands, 
and fishings, agreeing to defend its rights as his own, and 
concluding with an exhortation to James, commendator of 
Melrose and Kelso; Robert, commendator of Holyroodhouse ; 
and John, commendator of Coldingham, his brothers-ger- 
man, and sons of King James Y., in like manner to defend 
and maintain the said prior and convent.^ 

order of their dates. The first is dated 3d March 1533, the second is dated 
llih November 1540, and the 5th is dated 4th April 1532. 
1 Appendix to the Preface, p. xciv. 

c 



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XXXIV PREFACE. 

On the same day, James, Commendator of St Andrews, 
granted^ "dilectis nostiis clericis sen scolasticis et 
studentibus," James Rowle, John Rowle, William Rowle, 
and Ninian Rowle, for their food and clothing, and for 
keeping them at the schools, in order that they may 
become learned men, an annual pension of two hundred 
merks, to be paid until they should be provided with bene- 
fices amounting to that sum in value, commencing so soon 
as the commendator or some other canon of St. Andrews 
shall be peaceably put in possession of the priory of Pit- 
tenweem, by the resignation of John Rowle, the present 
prior thereof; and until the said students should reach 
the age of twenty, they were to be content with com- 
petent food and clothing id place of their pensions.* 

On the 2d September 1552 John Rowle, who is now 
styled " usufructuar" of the priory of Pittynweem, 

^ Appendix to the Pre&ce, p. xcv. 

^ The reputation of incontinency ascribed to the Prior of Pittenweem by 
his contempoiaries seems to have been deserved. Sir James Melville records 
a speech of the Laird of Orange, the royal treasurer, made to James Y., in 
which he alleged of the Prior, that he '^ was a manifest forcer of wemen, and 
the gretest defouler of wyues and maidnes that was in Scotland.** — (Memoirs, 
p. 66, Bann. Club edit) The four youths for whom the future regent of 
Scotland here provided pensions were the bastards of the prior of Pittenweem. 
John and James were legitimated on the 24th Februaiy 1541, and William 
and Ninian on the 18th May 1546. That the prior had tastes of a more 
commendable character we may infer from the following entry at the bottom 
of a page of one of the two volumes of Maitlaud MSS. in the Pepysian Lib- 
rary, Magdalen College, Cambridge : — " Liber Cronicamm Regum et gestorum 
Scotorum pro Domino Johanne Roull priore de Pettinweym alias Mayo.** 



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PREFACE. XXXV 

granted a lease of nineteen years to James, commendator 
of St Andrews and Pittenweem, of " all and haill our place 
and priory of Pettjmweme, with all profitts, emolumentis, 
and commoditeies pertenying or that any way may 
perteyn theirto, with the haill personage and vicariage 
of our paroche kyrk of Anstrothir, teynd scheiflSs, 
fyschingis, fysche, and othir oblaciounis and emulomentis 
thairof, with the personage of our kyrk of the Rynde, 
and all otheris commoditeies and profittis pertenying 
thairto ; and als the haill profittis, maillis, fermes, siluer, 
and wictellis, and all other deweteis; togydder wyth 
cayne caponis^ guis, cunyngis, pultreis and foulis; and 
with all other dewetieis, baith of our barrony and landis 
of Pettynweme and Rynde ; and als the 111 of May, with 
the haill pertinence, teynd salt, custummes, onla3ds, 
haith of our thoune and pannis and barrony foirsaid; 
with all othir deweteies, profittis, and commoditeies 
perteneying or that ony maner of way may perteyne to 
said priory and place of Pettynweme, outhir be propertie or 
outhir casualiteis quhatsumeuir," "Payand and delyuerand 
yeirlie and frelie within the cyttie of Sanct Androis, during 
the said space of nyneteyne yeris, the sowme of four hundreth 
poundes, gud usuall mone of Scotland, togidder witht tuentie- 
fyif chelderis of wittelis — viz. twa chelderis of quheit, 
sax chelderis of bair, four chelderis and aucht bollis meill, 
twelff chelderis and aucht bollis aitis," '* And attour the 
said James commendatour, sal bait, repair, and vphald the 
said abbay and place of Pettinweme sufficientlie during 



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lijL<i ttai'ii*) ^r^ut; 4ui dk sail fiU«4ieTi>e M>d vphald tbe 
cottJu^ei2t of di<e aauByu iu mout and TietoaJIis^ logemg. acid 
ylLijr thijugb iixbc<fi;)digar^ as thai Laif now preBentEe, and 
iuindfJtmfi to thair ehartour quhilkis thai haif of us ;'' •and 
akua beeaxutft we haiff sett, [and] be thir preaentis settis, 
to ttie iiai<l Jame», Coaunendatour, all and haill our place 
and pali/^e and Priory of Pettynweme, with the pertinence 
fbinaulix, to the naid James, [he] is and sail be contentit 
that we haif the v«e of his palice of Petlaithy, with the 
yardin and orchartis of the samyn, quhen we sail think 
expedient to mak residence thairintilL" ' 

After this time the deeds run in the name of '' James, 
perpetual Conmiendator of Pittenweem;'* or at times, *' of 
Pittcmwcem and St Andrews/' with consent of the Chapter 
of St. Andrews, his superiors in that part " prioratus sive 
celle Pettinweme alias Mayo nuncupate."* 

On 30th July 1558 a charter is granted by Joannes 
Wynrame supprior Sancti Andree et conmussarius specialis 

1 Appdudlx to thfi Preface, p. c. 

* A few of the churten, gnmtod by the Prior of St Andrews as Oommendator 
of Pittenweem, are reoonled in the Elie Chartulaiy already described ; bat 
most of the deeds granted by him appear in a separate register, entitled : — 
*^ Hegikitrum Oartantm et aliorum munimentorum terrarum prioratus de Pettin- 
weyme, inolpiens in anno dominl 1558 per Reuerendum in Christo patrem et 
donunum Jaoobum ejiunlem prioratus et Bancti Andree Commendataiiom.** 
Thtii ucuurs in a large volume, written on paper, now in the Advocatea* 
library (17- X- 3.) which contains a Rt^giuter of the Charters of the Priory of 
Bt. Andrews, beginning in 1664, and a Register of the Charters of the Arch- 
bishoia-ic of 8t. Andrews, which commences in 1663. The part relating to 
Pitteuweem ei^tends Crmu foi. It^b to fui *^W of the volume. 



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PREFACE. XXXvii 

nobilis et multum in Christo reverendi domiui Jacobi nunc 
existentds in Gallia, perpetue commendatarii prioratus de 
Pettenweme.^ 

In 1559, and subsequently down to 1565, when they 
terminate, the Charters bear to be granted by " James, com- 
mendator," in his own name. The last deed is dated 26th 
May 1565, and is a grant of a pension of fifty marks *' to 
our beluflSt seruitor Walter Melvill elder, in respect of his 
services in divers years past^ and of his age/'' 

We next find the title of prior of Pittenweem in the 
person of Sir James Balfour of Pittendreich, the friend of 
Bothwell, and infamous for his share in the murder of the 
late Eong. This man» who was governor of Edinburgh 
Castle, was induced to treat with the Kegent Murray for 
its surrender, and one of the stipulations which he made 
was, that he should receive a gift of the Priory of Pitten- 
weeuL* 

Balfour was forfeited in 1571, and in 1579 an Act of 
Parliament was passed in favour of the feuars and tacksmen 
of lands and teinds under him/ In 1574 James Haly- 
burton is styled Commendator of Pittenweem.* In 1583 
William Stewart^ Captain of the King's Guard, second son 

^ Begisfcram, foL 286. The Oommendator was one of Uie commisaionerB 
sent to France to be present at the Queen's marriage to the Dauphin. — (Acts 
of the Parliaments of Soothind, vol. iL p. 604.) 

' Begistmm, foL 296. 

' Historie of King James the Sext, p. 18. 

^ Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, vol. iii. p. 167. 

* Idem, vol. ilL pp. 89, 418. 



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XXXTUl PBSFACE. 



of Thcmuis Stewart of Cralstoun, obtuned a gift imda 
the Gieat Seal, of the pnoij and lands c^ Pittenweon, 
on the resignation of James Hatybnrton, proTost ci Dojor 
dee, late prior, and was styled commendatcxr of Pitten- 



weem.^ 



In 1606 the lands were erected into a temponl lord- 
ship in favour of Frederick, scm of WiHiam Stewart^ with 
the title of Lord Pittenweem. 

The greater part, if not the whole, of the lands of the 
priory, had, however, been abready alienated, and what now 
remained consisted in rights of saperiority. 

Thus^ the lands of Synd, which mider the name of Byn- 
daUgros had been granted by David L to the monastery of 
Beading, and on which a cell for monks of the isle of May 
was erected, were feued out in 1535 and 1542 to George 
and John Moncreiff, the tenants, on the narrative that the 
lands hod been wasted by violent inundations of the rivers 
Tay and Eani» in resisting which the tenants had been put 
to much trouble and expense.^ 

^ tU2Ktttt. ^1^. SigUL lib. 2LXXV. No. 710. 

^ lU'K>fU^uu du PittouwiMiu, pp* 10, 99, 14th Noyombor 1548. Peter 
Mouvrvif, who iti U<j««cribtiU t\» s«.)U tuid hoir of Hii^h Moncimf of Saster Bynd, 
tuul oi ih%> k\^ of iwwiay-two vuw>s apvHMfcwU iu thi) ohapter^hooM of Pittrnwoem, 
'* Kt ibuUuu (hUmu u.\)K>«iiit >4D iiiuiubn^ uuiK>umt«m inabileiu et debilcon ad 
5wrviwiU\«u »upivmv domiuo um*U\) iv^iuo, rw publico, ^ nobi* domino 8upe- 
riou,** llo ihvivUnc iv^^iusl the IwiUh xn tawvu- of hi* brother Jame» Mon- 
vivil, tuid MuiK«4ivt ISuo hi» mlV. ^iavi^'t to thv^ Ufei>mt ri^ht of hU mother 
KlunUih Kliauu..u^uuo .A-v-a, ^k Uhi\ {>m i^h vXioW lo43, John, Prior 
of ISUvu^viUM, AUvl vvMiwul tJu'U'v'f, iuv*vuud w v.^HixinwI Oavid Beaton. 



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PRKPACE. XXXIX 

MayaheillS) granted to the monks of May by John Fitz- 
michael, the reputed ancestor of the family of Wemyss^ 
was fened out to William CSockbnm of that ilk.^ 

The croft at Bele, which had been granted by the Earl 
of Ihmbar, was feued out, in 1553, to Bobert Hector and 
his spouse, nnder the name of the Belhenyne Croft, or the 
Monk's Croft.* 

The lands of Lingo, granted to the monks of May by 
Bobert of London, son of William the Lion, were feued out 
in two halves — ^the firsts in 1534, to George Borthwick and 
Elizabeth Lindsay, his spouse; and the other, in 1537, to 
Adam Wood, of Largo, and Alisone Hume, his spouse.' 

The lands of Petother, which the House of May received 
from King William the Lion, were feued out, under the 
name of Pittoter, with others, to John Oliphant and Cath- 
erine Huldie, his spouse, in 1534/ 

The Isle of May, on which the priory had been erected in 
the time of David L, was feued out in 1549 to Patrick Lear- 
month of Dairsy, Provost of St. Andrews ; and the deed of 
conveyance, which contains an epitome of the history of the 
convent, is printed in the appendix to the preface (p. 
bucxix.) 

It has been abeady stated that the priory on the island 
continued to be occupied till the time of its acquisition by 

Aichbikhop of St Andiews, for collation to the perpetual vicarage of their 
paiiflh church of Rynd, vacant by the death of Mr. John Mailwill, Sir John 
Lamb, Priest (Begistmm de Pittenweem, p. 98). 

^ BegiBtnun de Pittenweem, p. 9. ' Idem^ p. 316. 

* Idem^ pp. 6, 15. * Idtm, p, 16. 



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Xl PREFACE. 

the monks of St. Andrews^ when it seems to have been 
deserted^ and a priory at Pittenweem, erected on land be- 
longing to the monks, was substituted for it. 

Although this new house came to supersede the earlier 
establishment on the May, and usurped its name, it has. been 
seen that it was really the old foundation with another title. 

In the deed by which the Isle of May was conveyed to 
Patrick Learmonth, the granter John Roull is styled '' Prior 
of Pittenweem ;" but to show the identity of the later vnih 
the earlier establishment, there is a significant reservation 
" of the name and jurisdiction of our monastery of May, 
thence wont to be so called in token of superiority of the 
said island in aU time coming." 

The prior alleges as motives for the alienation of the 
island, its insular situation, at a distance from himself, yield- 
ing little or no revenue, and that on the outbreak of hostili- 
ties the place was wont to be seized by the enemy, and was 
thus rendered a sterile and useless possession of the monas- 
tery. He therefore granted the island — which he describes 
as now waste, and spoiled by rabbits from which the prin- 
cipal revenue used to accrue, but of which the warrens were 
now completely destroyed and the place ruined by the 
English — together with the right of patronage of the church 
on the island, and of presenting a chaplain to continue divine 
service therein, out of reverence for the relics and sepulchres 
of the saints resting in the island, and for the reception 
of pilgrims and their oblations, according to the use of old 
times, and even within memory of man. 



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PREFACE. xli 

This statement concurs veiy much with what we find 
in the legend of St Adrian in the Breviary of Aberdeen/ 
where it is said that the stately monastery of stone which 
had been erected on the island at an early time had been 
destroyed by the ravages of the English, but that there 
yet remained a church, which was resorted to by the faith- 
ful on account of the frequent miracles there wrought, and 
where especially barren women, coming in the hope of 
thereby becoming fruitful, were not disappointed.^ It is 
added that there is yet a cemetery where the bodies of 

The monastery on the island, described in the Breviary, 
probably was not restored after the devastation alluded 
to, and may then have been deserted for the new establish- 
ment at Pittenweem, while the chapel, which was main- 
tained out of reverence for St. Adrian and other saints 
there interred^ and for the devotions and offerings of the 
many pilgrims who frequented their shrines, was doubt- 
less the building, of which a shattered fragment still 
remains. 

This reverence attracted to the May the devout of all 

^ BreTiar. Aberdonen. Part HyemaL, foL Ixii See also Cameiarius de 
Sootorom Fortitndine, p. 110. 

' Bobert Gordon of Stialoch, in his description of ihe Isle of May, thus 
refers to its lepated gift of fertility to barren women : ^ Dicata olim fuit S. 
Adriano, ibiqne fait sacellnm, et monacbomm conyentns, nbi steriles feminaa 
animatiTn D. Adrianum salntantes, inde redeuntes, puerpei» devenerunt," 
adding, with allowable caution — ^ An sanctitas lod illud causaverit judicent 
sapientes.** — (Blaeu's Atlas of Scotland, p. 91.) 



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xlii PREFACE. 

ranks. Among these waa the royal pilgrim James IV., 
who within a fortnight of his fall on the fatal field of 
Modden, granted to his favoured friend. Sir Andrew Wood 
of Largo, a charter^ erecting his lands of Largo and others 
into a free barony, with the following return for the lands 
of Fawfeilde and Froetleys in the barony of Rires — viz. 
that the grantee and his heirs should accompany the Eang 
and Queen, and their successors, on their pilgrimages to the 
Isle of May whenever they should be required. There waa 
a hermitage on the island, and its occupant frequently 
received alms from the King on his visits to the island. 
In the Treasurer's Accounts are entered the pajrments made 
to him in June 1503 and August 1505. Three years later 
the hermit received a much larger gift than on former occa- 
sions, the reason of which may be inferred from the circum- 
stance recorded that at this time *' he brocht ane selch to 
the King." 

' This charter in the Register of the Qreat Seal is dated on 2l8t August 
1513, and the King was slain on the 9th September following. The inductive 
clause is in the following tenns : ^ £t pro special! fauore quern gerimus eiga 
dictum Andream et pro ipeius bono et gratuito semido nobis tarn tempore 
pads quam guerre impenso, et signanter pro custodia castri nostri de Dunbar 
tempore quo dassis ingens inimicomm nostrorum Anglicomm ddem 
obddionem dederunt et pro edificadone atque polida per ipsom in eodem 
fiicta, ac pro nonnuUis alys bonis causis et conddexationibus ad hoc nos 
moventibus'^ 

The clause refeixed to in the text is as fdlows : ^ Et pro dictis tenis de 
Fawfeilde et Frosdeys dictus Andreas et heredes sui eundo in pregrinationem 
nobiscum et cum carissima consorte nostra et successoxibus nostns ad Insulam 
de Mayo cum ad hoc requidti fueiint** 



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PREFACE. xliii 

The royal offerings to the priest on the Isle of May, 
ministering at St. Adrian's Chapel, are recorded with equal 
detail, as may be seen by the extracts printed in Note B. 

The King's pilgrimages to the most noted of the Scot- 
tish shrines were frequent To the Isle of May he often 
sailed, as a convenient place of rendezvous, either to meet 
or to convoy his Mends ;* but on these occasions he com- 
bined, with other ends, his usual devotional practices. The 
entries in the treasurer's accounts enable us to trace the 
ELing's route on these expeditions, and his mode of tra- 
velling. 

In 1490 the King passed in a boat from Leith to May. 
In 1503 he landed at Anstruther, and payments were made 
for the boat which carried him to the shore, and for another 
'' that had the clerkis of the Kingis ChapeU to Maii to sing 
the mes thair." 

The priests of Anstruther were paid for saying " ane 

^ " 1506. In this symmer ane greit and costly ship, qohilk had bene 
apoun the ELingis expends, was compleit, and sett furth into the laid of Leith, 
the sevint of Julii ; and the King salit him self into her to the yle of Maii in 
the firth, and was drevin in agane with stonne.** 

^ The Archediene of St Androis and Sir Anthony Darsye wes send in 
ambassadrie to the King of France be sey, qoha depardt the zxvii day of Maii 
[1608], and the King convoyit thame to the Tie of May in the firth be sey.*" — 
Bishop Lesley's Histoiy of Scotland, pp. 74-78. Edinbuigh, 1830. 

At an earlier period the island was visited by Maiy of Gneldres, who, on 
her voyage to Scotland in Jnne 1449, to become the qneen of James 11., an- 
chored near the isle of May, ^ where then stood a hermitage and a chapel 
sacred to St Andrew [L Adrian]. Having paid her devotion, the Qaeen pro- 
ceeded to Leith." — The Histoiy of Scotland by Pinkerton, vol. i. p. 208. 



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xliv PEEFAGE. 

trentale of messis of Sanct Nicholas." The priests of Crail 
also got a pajnnent, and an entry occurs of ''the ELinges 
offerand thair at the mess and on the bred." On the same 
day, but later, the King's offering was made at St Monans, 
and additional entries occur of his Majestie's '' offerand on 
the bred thair," " to the Preistis and Freris thair," and *' to 
the Preist that sang the mes, be the Eingis command.^ 

About the same time a pajrment was made to '^ Bobert 
Bertoune, marinare,^ that salit the litill schip with the King 
to Maii," and " to the Preistis to say thre trentales of messis 
thair." 

On 29th July 1505 the Treasurer enters a pajrment "to 
the King himself, in his avn purss, quhen he passit to saiQ" 
— " to the men that rowit the King on burd to the schippes 
quhen he salyt to Maii ;" and on the following day, " to the 
men that rowit the King &a his schippes to Maii, and to 
the schippes agane." On the 1st of August we hear of the 
'' botemen that rowit the King &a Caraill to Maii, and &a 
Maii to Caraill ;" and pa}rments are made to the " Rude 
preist of Carale," and to Sir Symon, " ane Preist of Caraill, 
of belcher, quhar the King dynyt ;" as also to the " botemen 
that brocht the Kingis stuf, and the maister cuke with the 
Kingis souper &a the schip to Maii, and fra Maii to the 

1 This " mariner," as well as his father and brother, was celebrated for 
his naval exploits. He acquired the lands of Over Bamton in 1507 ; and 
as Sir Bobert Barton he became successively Comptroller of the Exchequer, 
Lord High Treasurer, and Master of the Quinzie House. — Crawford's Lives of 
Officers of State, p. 373. Edinbuigh, 1726. 



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PREFACE. xlv 

schip agane/' Again, on the 22d of August^ the Abbot of 
Cambuskenneth got repajrment of a sum ^^ quhilk he laid 
down to the menstrales in the Elingis schip quhan scho wes 
at Maii/' 

On 10th July of the following year, entries are made 
for "the Kingis offerand in his tua candillis in Maii/' 
and " the Eingis offerand on the bred thair/' On the 30th 
of the same year a payment occurs for **the King's 
offerand in Maii/' and " the Queue's offerand be the Kingis 
comand." There is one " to the preist of Maii," and that 
" samyn nycht (1st August) in Maii to the Kingis offerand, 
quhen the King passit on burd to his schip at evin." 

In August 1507 the King again visited the island, 
passing to and from CraiL He was accompanied by his 
cook, and, as usual, a payment was made to " the preist 
of Crail, quhair the King lugeit, in belcheir," or for 
entertainment. 

In April 1508 a payment was made to "the said 
Bobert (Bertoune), he gaif for ballasting of his schip 
callit the * Lioun,' quhen the King passit to Maii the yeir 
bipast." On this occasion a boat carried the King from 
Anstruther to May, and took him back to Pittenweem, 
where he probably lodged in the priory. There is also 
one "to Thomas Hewch, quhilk passit witht his bote to 
Maii witht the Kingis victales and agane to Leith.'' We 
discover one of his amusements when on the island, and, 
as I imagine, an early use of a fowling-piece. " To ane 
row bote that hed the King about the He of Maii to schut 



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xlvi PREFACE. 

at fowlis with the culveryTL'' On this occaaion a payment 
was made, which also occurs at other visits, " to the wricht 
in Maii, in drink-siluer/* 

The King^s route, in other two of his favourite pil- 
grimages may be traced fix)m the same records. Thus, in 
1 4 9 7, the King went on pilgrimage to the shrine of St Duthac 
at Tain. On the 10th of October he reached Aberdeen on 
his northern progress, and, as the venerable bridge which 
spans the Dee at Buthrieston had not yet been erected, he 
was ferried across the river.^ Here we find payments 
made to the "piparis of Aberdeen,'' "to the grey freris 
thair," and "for the Kingis hors met in Aberden ane 
nycht.''* The dates of the subsequent disbursements are 
not given ; but the next payment was " at the kirk of Keth, 
to the gudwif of the houss,'' where probably the King 
slept A small sum of sixteenpence was here paid "to 
the preist that said mas to the King." The next out- 
lay was to "the feriar of Spey,'' then to the "blak 
freris of Elgin." The King crossed the firth at Ardersier, 
and passed on to Cromarty, at both places making pay- 
ments to the friars. His oflFerings in Tain were consider- 
able ; and he then returned southward by the same route. 

^ The building of this fine bridge, b^on by the munificent Bishop Elphin* 
stone, was completed by Bishop Dnnbar, his successor, in the year 1527. 

* In October 1497 the alderman and bailies of Aberdeen expended 
£IA : 17 :4 on wine and spices in giving a ^ propin to the Kingis hienes 
at his passage to Sanct Duthois and repassage.** — (Extracts firom the Buigh 
Records of Aberdeen, vol. i. p. 64 ; Spalding Club.) 



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PREFACE. xlvii 

In 1504, on a pilgrimage to St. Duthac's, ^^ varied his route, 
crossing the hilly country of Aberdeenshire high up the Don. 
On the 5th of October there is an entry for " tursing of the 
Eongis doggis to Loch Canmor.'' This little loch lies sweetly 
at the base of Morven, on the north side of the ancient 
forest of Culbleen, and several of its islands and headlands 
had at an early time been strengthened by art as places of 
safety and occasional retreat.^ On one of these islands was a 
tower, which at thetimeformed one of the Highland strengths 
of the house of Huntly. The King probably tarried here 
for purposes of sport, and seems to have left it on the 9th 
of November, when a payment was made " to the botemen 
of loch Canmor.'^ On the same day a man was paid '^ for 
proving the watter of Don befoir the King," and the dogs 
were " tursit" to Demway, the great hall of Eandolph, on 
the banks of the Findhom. Here the King got twenty 
shillings to ^'play at the cartis," and three shillings were 
spent on " rashes for the Kingis chalmer." When at Tain 
the King made offerings *' in Sanct Duthos chapell, quhair 
he wes borne f " in Sanct Duthos chapel, in the kirkyard 
of Tayn ;" "in Sanct Duthois kirk ;" and "in the stok at 
Sanct Duthos toun." 

In the following year the King took his journey to St. 
Duthac's shrine by the low road, and the entries not only 
enable us to trace his passage, but to realise that curious 

* For a deecription of Loch Canmore and its Antiquities, see Proceedings 
of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, voL vi p. 1 66. 



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xlviii PREFACE. 

union of dissipation and devotion which constituted a pil- 
grimage of the middle ages. 

On the 15th of October the King was at Brechin, accom- 
panied by four Italian minstrels and a Moorish '' tabrouner'^ 
or drummer. On that night he reached Dunnottar, the 
mighty fastness of the Earls Marischal, which was to become 
famous in later times as the place selected by the expiring 
Scottish Parliament for the custody of the National Regalia. 
When at Dxmnottar pajrments were made to " the cheild 
[that] playit on the monocordis," and to the " pur folkis."* 

Next day the King reached Aberdeen,^ where he made 
gifts to the " wrichtis and masonis,^ and to the " piparia'' 
Proceeding northwards, he slept at Fintray, a house of the 
abbot of Lindores, while his falconers spent the night in the 
neighbouring town of Inverury. We next find the King at 
Forres, where a payment was made to " themaddins of For- 
res that dansit to the King,^ and a greater sum was given 
to '^ the maddins that dansit at Elgin ;" but the largest sum 
was disbursed on "the maddins that dansit at Demway/' 

On the 20th of October a sum was paid for " tursing of 
the organis to Tayn and hame agane.''* Here the King re- 

1 On the 11th October 1504 the dvic authorities of Aberdeen, in expecta- 
tion of the King's yisit, ordained the usual propine or gift to be presented to 
his majesty. It consisted of ^ sex par torchis, ane dusane of prekatis, iii 
dusane of syis of walx, ane dusane lib. of scorcheatis, and alssmeikle wine as 
the mester of sellar plesses to tak till his hienes.** — (Extracts from the Burgh 
Records of Aberdeen, voL L p. 74. Spalding Club). 

* In his pilgrimages to the Isle of May the King took with him '' the 
clerkis of his chapeU to sing the mes thair** (pp. IxxL Ixxiv.) It will be seen 



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PREFACE. xlix 

ceived from the bishop of Ross a hawk and a horse, and we 
find that the Italian minstrels and the Moorish " tabrouner" 
were still in the royal suite, while the laird of Balnagown's 
harper seems also to have performed before the King. On 
his return, the nurse at Demway received a royal doceur, 
and at Strathbogy, the lowland seat of the Earls of Huntly, 
where the King slept, the Italian minstrels and the Moor 
received a fresh payment. While there, a falconer was dis- 
patched to the "Craig" of Finlater for a hawk, and on his 
way to Aberdeen the King "bajrtit" at Inverury, where 
" ane wif " who entertained him got 14s. 2d. of reward, and 
the "pur folkis" received an alms of 2s. When in Aber- 
deen the "piparis" were not forgotten, and the treasurer 
repaid a sum which had been advanced to the ferrymen at 
Ardersier for transporting the "Kingis bed, sadilis, and 
childes." 

In July 1504 the King passed on pilgrimage to the 
shrine of St. Ninian at Whithorn.^ On the 24th of that 
month he was at Dumbarton, where pa3nnents were made 

that he carried an organ to Tain ; and in 1512, in preparation for Easter, 
which he was to celebrate at Linlithgow, '^ tua pinouris" were paid for *' care- 
ing of the organis of Edinburgh to Linlithgow,** and a payment was made at 
the same time to ** tua seroituris at torsit, the chandleris, and Ewcharist of 
Edinbuight to Linlithgow agane pasche." 

^ The relics- of St Ninian attracted to his shrine the devout of all ranks 
down to the time of the Reformation. Li a letter of King James V. to Pope 
Innocent X. he says that pilgrims from England, Ireland, the Isles, and 
acyoining countries yearly flocked to Whithorn. — (Epist Regum Scotice, voL i. 
p. 282.) 



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1 PREFACE. 

for the " Kingis offerand at the hie mes," his " offerand on 
Sanct James bred,'' and " to the blackfreris thair." On the 
26th of July, he was at Eliotstoun, where he made an 
offering in the new college. Next day he was in Ayr, 
where he made a pajnment to the black friars. On the 28th 
he made an offering in our Lady Kirk of Kyle, and also to 
the grey fiiars of Ayr. On the 29th he was at Crossraguel, 
where the monks partook of the King's bounty. On the 
30th he was at Glenluce, and on the 31st at Whit- 
home, at both of which places he gave sums to his chaplain 
for distribution. A considerable sum is here entered for 
" the Kingis offerand in the Kirk in diuerss places," for 
" the Kingis offerand in the chapell on the hill," and " to 
preistes thair, fra the lady maistres."^ On the same day he 
made an offering to the friars of Wigtown. On the 2d of 
August he was at Dimdrennan, next day at Dumfries. On 
the 7th he reached Peebles, where he made an offering in 
the Cross Kirk, and to the priests there. Next day he made 
an offering " in Sanct Katrines of the oly well,^ and on the 

* In 1 606 the King's oflferings at Whithome were as foUow : — " At the 
Rude Altar ; at the fertir in the vtir kirk ; at the reliques at the hye altair ; 
at the Lady Altar and in the chapel on the hill — ^ilk place xiiis. and 4d. In 
the previous year the King offered at Whithome ^ ane reliqne of the Kingis 
awn siluer** of considerable weight 

' Nocht two mills fra Edinbrogh is ane fontane dedicat to Sanct Katrine, 
qnhair stemis of onlie springis ithandlie with sic aboundance that howbeit 
Uie samin be gaderit away, it springis incontinent with gret abonndanoe. This 
fontane rais throw ane drop of Sanct Katrinis onlie, qnhilk wes brocht out of 
Mont Sinai, fra hir sepulture, to Sanct Margaret the blissit Queue of Scotland. 



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PREFACE. ll 

9th of August, affcer his return home, he made an offering 
in the church of Bestabrig. 

The exclusive right of fishing around their island granted 
to the monks of May, with the tithes of all fish caught by 
the fishers,^ must have been one of value in the early days of 
their establishment.* 

Sir Robert Sibbald states that in the beginning of the 
last century there was good fishing about the island through- 
out the year, and that many seals were killed upon the east 
side of it* This coincides with the statement of Robert 
Gordon of Straloch: — "Piscatio circa hanc insulam fre- 

quentissima, piscantur enim ab omni littore Fifano per 

\ 
AIb 8one as Sanct Maigaiet saw the onlie spiing ithandlie, by diyine miracle, 
in the said place, scho gart big ane chapell thair in the honour of Sanct 
Katherine. This onlie hes ane mngnlare virten aganis all maner of cankir and 
skawis. — (The Histoiy and ChTonicles of Scotland, by Hector Boece. Bellen- 
den'a Tiandation, voL i p. zxzviiL Edin. 1821.) 

^ From the charters of King Malcolm IV., now printed (pp. 5, 6), it 
appears that their right to the tithes of fish was established as early as the 
time of his grand&ther. King David L 

* The Abbot of Holyrood sent his own men to fish at the island, as we 
may learn from a charter of King William the Lion in his favour, securing 
him and his men from distraint for any debts except their own while employed in 
fishing there [Charters of Holyrood, p. 25]. This is not the only instance known 
to us of a religious house using its own vessel in these times, as we know 
that David L released the ship of the Abbot of Dunfermline of the royal 
tax (Registr. de DnnferaL, p. 12), and the Abbot of Scone sent his ship to the 
northern seas in the reign of the same monarch (Charters of Scone, No. 73). 

* Sibbald's History of Fife, p. 101., edit 1803. 



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lii PREFACE. 

totum annum et singulis diebus/^ There were formerly 
about j&fteen fishermen's families on it, but now there are 
none. " The want of these families is a considerable loss 
to the general interests of the fishery in the firth ; for placed 
as sentinels at its entrance, they were enabled to descry and 
follow every shoal of herrings or other fish that came in 
fix>m the ocean. ''^ 

The island was only retained for two years by Patrick 
Learmonth, and on 21st December 1551 it was conferred on 
Andrew Balfour of Manquhany. On the 12th of May 
1558 it was again granted to John Forret of Fyngask, 
" cum mansione, et hortis, portubusque," but with this pro- 
vision, which the unsettled times called for, " proviso tamen 
quod quoties contingat bella et guerre esse inter regnum 
Scotie, et aliam extemam nationem quamcunque, eo quod 
prefata insula in via maris hostium incursionibus exposita 
quamdiu hujusmodi bella durauerint, prefati Johannes 
[etc.], non tenebuntur ad solucionem dicti annue census 
et canonis sed sunt inmiunes et liberi a solucione earundem."* 

The island then seems to have passed to Allan Lamont, 
who sold it to Cunningham of Bams. In the year 1635 a 
tower for a lighthouse was erected by Alexander Cunning- 
ham of Bams, and we are told that he also built (probably 

^ Blaeu's Atlas of Scotland, p. 91. 

« Sibbald'e History of Fife, pp. 101-2 (note). 

' The charter bears to be granted by James, perpetual commendator of 
the piiory of Httenweem, and is sealed with the common seal of the chapter 
of Pittenweem, — " una cmn sigiUo communi capitali prioratus Santi Andree in 



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PREFACE. liii 

out of the materials of the ruined monastery) a convenient 
house with accommodations for a family.^ 

The light on the tower was maintained by a coal-fire on 
the summit It was the first light established on the 
Scottish coasts, and for a long time it was a solitary 
example. The light continued to be the blaze of a coal-fire 
till the year 1816, when, the island having been purchased 
by the Commissioners of Northern Lights from the Duchess 
of Portland, heiress of John Scott of Balcomie, a beacon 
with a stationary oil-light was substituted. 

The islet of " The May," of which the history has here 
been sketched, is about a mile in length by three-quarters 
of a mile in breadth, and lies about six miles south of 
Anstruther Wester. It affords excellent pasture for sheep, 
and it has been asserted that the place is so well adapted 
for improving the quality of wool that "fleeces of the 
coarsest-wooUed sheep from the worst pastures in Scotland, 
when put on the island, in the course of one season be- 
come as fine as satin. Their flesh, also, has a superior 
flavour ; and rabbits bred on this island have a finer fur 
than those which are reared on the mainland."* 

eignum consensus et assensos dictorum dominorom nostrorum superiorom et 
pationoram.'' Among the witnesses is Robert Colvill of Cleish, a political 
adherent of the prior of St Andrews, who became his Master of the House- 
hold. — (Chart of Pittenweem in Adv. Lib. MS.) 

^ Sibbald's Hist of Fife, p. 100 : — ** Dominus domo ntitur satis conmioda 
sibi et snse familis ; in ea enim locus cerevisiarum coctioni aptus, culinss, etc'' 
— (Gordon of Straloch in Blaeu's Atlas of Scotland, p. 91.) 

* Sinclair's Stat Ace of Scotland, vol iiL p. 84 : — " Nulla iUic crescunt 



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liv PREFACE. 

The monastery waa placed in a hollow towards the 
south-east end of the island, sheltered by the higher ground 
to the west. The fragment now remaining seems to be part 
of the chapel of St. Adrian,^ which, as has been seen, con- 
tinued to be the resort of pilgrims after the destruction of 
the church and bmldings of the monastery. For the 
following notes of the ruin, I am indebted to the kindness 
of my old friend, Mr. T. S. Muir of Leith, whose experience 
in all matters relating to the early church architecture of 
Scotland is well known : — 

" This solitary fragment, which seemingly has been a 
chapel, stands nearly due north and south by compass, and 
measures internally, as you will find by the scale on the 
plan, within a few inches of 32 feet in length. From the 
character of the two windows in the west wall, I should 
infer that the building is of thirteenth century date. Their 
tops are cut out of one stone, obtusely pointed, the inner or 
rear openings arched semicircularly as in Norman work, 
and splayed enormously. There is a tall window, as I pre- 
sume it was, with a round head, in the south end, set square 
in the wall, and another, likewise fashioned, wanting the 
head, raised in the north end. The only aperture in the 
east side of the chapel is a ragged gap near its southern 

Begetes, pascuntur tamen ibi csstate 100 oves et 20 boves circiter.** — (Blaeu, 
p. 91.) 

^ The churcli of the Priory was dedicated to All Saints, and in the char- 
ters we find references to the chapel or altar of St Etheman, and to the 
chapel of St. Maiy the Vii^n (p. 19). 



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PREFACE. Iv 

extremity, which must have been a doorway. Extending 
eastward of this, and in a line with the south elevation of 
the building, there is the foundation of a thick wall, trace- 
able for rather more than forty feet ; so that it is evident 
the doorway in question did not open on the outside, but 
was an interior communication between the chapel and 
some larger building, forming in all likelihood the main 
structure of the ccenohium. 

" Since its erection the existing fragment has been 
subjected to several innovations, though fortunately without 
being much injured by them. There are (1), a large press 
or locker in the upper part of the west wall, by the insertion 
of which the rear arch of the window nearest the north end 
has been mutilated ; (2), an oven formed in the bottom of 
the south window ; (3), a circular tower pierced near to its 
bottom with oillets or shot-holes, partly embracing the 
south-west comer of the chapel; and (4), a low narrow 
rectangular building (greatly reduced) showing traces of a 
vaulted roof running along the entire breadth of the chapel 
at its north end. The oven is quite a modem interpolation, 
but the locker, tower, and northern appendage, are of some 
age, and have evidently been contrived for defensive 
purposes." 

There is much mbbish in and around the ruin. The 
walls are very open, and the lime washed out.^ On the 

^ I am glad to be able to record the success of a recent application to 
the Treasury for the grant of a sum to point the walls and clear out the 
foundations of this venerable fragment These operations have just been 



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Ivi PREFACE. 

floor of the church is a stone coflfin with covered head, and 
a bottom, formed of one stone. The rest was probably com- 
posed of separate slabs.^ 

There is no inhabitable cave on the island, except on 
the south-east side, where there is a small one at some 
height from the ground in the rocks, capable of sheltering 
a single person. It is near the opening in the rocks called 
'* Pilgrim's Haven." 

On the west side the cliffs assume a picturesque appear- 
ance, showing a lofty precipitous face, with dark caverns 
below, into which the sea rushes at each tide. 

Part of the possessions conferred on the monastery of 
May by David L consisted of the lands of Pittenweem. 
On these arose at an early period the towns of Pittenweem 
and Wester Anstruther, or, as it is styled in the charters, 
" Anstruther west of the bum."^ 

completed under the careful directionB of Mr. Robert Matheson of H.M. 
Office of Works, and we may now hope that St. Adrian's Chapel will be pre- 
served for many years as a memorial of the interesting associations which 
surround the early history of the island. 

^ According to a baseless tradition of very modem date, the fragment of a 
stone coffin, now in the tower of the church of Anstruther Wester, at one 
time formed part of this coffin in the chapel of the May, and was carried off, 
or, according to another version, it floated across, from the one place to the other. 
The coffin in St Adrian's chapel may probably be of the thirteenth century. 

The island is supposed to belong ecclesiastically to the parish of Anstruther 
Wester, which, considering the history of the priory, would be a natural 
result from the early connection existing between the places. 

^ It would seem that before the Reformation Pittenweem was in the 



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PREFACE. Ivii 

Many of the deeds in the chartularies consist of feu- 
charters of tenements in these towns granted to their 
vassals by the priors. 

The manufacture of salt seems to have occupied a 
considerable position in the trade of the towns, and 
there are frequent grants of salt-pans on the ground 
towards the sea. The descriptions of these are mostly in 
the same terms, the subject being generally represented as a 
salt-pan, house, and salt-gimell, ^* volgariter ane salt pann 
sett with houss and gimalL" In one case there is granted 
"una alia domus sive camera jacens contigue cum granali 
salis prope dictam salinam et lie quarrell hawyn et 
conmiunem viam publicam ad boream nee non et quedam 
alia domus sive tenementum cum orto ejusdem jacens 
prope dictam salinam subtus rupes terrarum husbanda- 
lium dominij de Pettinweme et usque ad sunmaitatem et 
cacumen rupium ad fines et limites de lie rigg endis ter- 
rarum et aliarum husbandalium predictarum ad boream lie 
quarrell hawjoi ad austrum domum fabrilem ad orientem 
et granale salis saline magistri Petri Strang^ tunc edificate 

parish of Anstruther Wester. I can discover no record of a parochia] church 
at Pittenweem, and so late as 1634, in the investitures in the lordship of 
Pittenweem, of Thomas Lord Fenton, and of Alexander Earl of Kelly 
in 1 643, reference is made to the tithes " ecdesia de Httenweim nuncupate 
Anstruther." — (Index of Retours, Fife, Nos. 504, 642.) 

' The family of Strangs had been long settled in this neighbourhood. 
The celebrated engraver Sir Robert Strange, descended of Sir Magnus Strang 
or Strange, subchanter of Orkney from 1544 to 1565, claimed to be 
representative of the Strangs of Balcaskie. 



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Iviii PREFACE. 

ad occidentem per nos a fandamentis respective constructa 
edificata et reparata." 

In some cases to the salt-pan there is added a right 
of coals: — "Una cum carbonibus sufficientibus ad vsum 
huiusmodi saline in carbonario nostro de Pettinweme jam 
per nos acquisito et illo deficiente cum plena [potestate] ipso 
Thome heredibus suis et assignatis infrascriptis cum aliis 
suis collegis salinarium infira dictum nostrum dominium 
pro tempore possessoribus aliud carbonarium seu car- 
bonaria quociens opus ejus fuerit in aliqua parte seu 
partibus dicti dominij acquirendi lucrandi et carbones 
ad vsum dicte saline pro confectione et decoctione salis 
duntaxat et non alias suis propriis sumptibus effodendi 
excidendi et ad dictam salinam ducendi et transportandi. 
. . . Eeddendo inde annuatim tres coleros salis nomine 
firme canalis sine cane ad duos anni terminos festa 
videUcet purificacionis beate Marie virginis et ad uin- 
cula Sancti Petri wlgariter Lammes per equales medias 
porciones."^ 

I may add from another charter a description of the 
husbandlands as preserving some interesting local bound- 
aries: — Ac etiam tote et integre terre vocate lie husbandlandis 
extendentes in quindecim acras vel eocirca terre arabilis 
olim occupate per dictum quondam Johannem Watsoun et 
Margaretam Strang ejus spousam una cum lie hewes subtus 

' Charter by John, prior of Pittenweem, to an honourable man, Thomas 
Knychtsonn, 7th January 1637. — (Registrum de Pittenweem, p. 24.) 



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\Al\ ' 






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n 



4' 




^^^^^^ 



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P&EFACE. lix 

rupes habentes ad occidentem limites Sancti Monani usque 
ad fontem eiusdem Sancti Monani^ ad orientem.' 

The hifitory of the buildings of the monastery of Pitten- 
weem, soon after the time when they were secularised, will 
be found in an Act of the Scottish parliament, dated 5th 
June 1592, ratifying the charters made by William Stewart, 
conmiendator of Pittenweem, and Walter Scott of Abbots- 
hall, in favour of the burgh of Pittenweem, of " All and 
ELaill that greit houss or greit building of the monasterie of 
Pettinveme vnder and aboue with the pertinentis, contenand 
the channonis or moulds fratere and dortour of the said 
monasterie, with the cellaris beneth and loftis aboue the 
samyn fratere and dortour, and sic lyk of the westries of the 
said monasterie vnder and aboue, with thair pertinentis, and 
of the chaptour chalmer of the same monasterie and cellair 

^ This well of St. Monaii appears in the Ordnance map of Fife (sheet 
86) as ^mineral weU.** 

' Charter by John Boull, prior of Pittenweem, to his couzin John BouU, 
dated 14th March 1541.— (Registrum de Pittenweem, p. 25.) 

The notices in other two charters are also of some interest: — On 2d 
September 1542, the prior and convent granted a charter to Alexander 
OsddeU of a honse and garden in Anstrather, bounded on the east by the 
cemetery of the chnrch of St Nicholas of Anstrather, for an annual simi to 
be applied in keeping in repair the choir of that church.— (Begistram, p. 
113.) In June 1503 King James lY. disbursed twenty shillings, ''that 
samyn day in Anstrother quhen the king came on land to the preist of An- 
strother to say ane trentale of messis of Sanct Nicholass.** 

On 15th November 1545 *the prior granted to Robert Pullo and his 
spouse an acre of land lying near ''lie cortlaiche," having on the east 
"dictum corklaiche.** — (Registrum de Pittenweem, p. 168.) 



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Ix PREFACE. 

beneth the said chaliner vnder and aboue with all and 
sindrie thair pertinentis, all lyand in the said monasterie of 
Pettinweme within the ShireflFdome of FyS on the wast 
pairt of the inner cloiss of the said moiiasterie, betuix the 
samyn cloiss on the eist, the new gahie at the eist end of 
the hall of the said monasterie on the south, the commoun 
gait kirk-yaird and houssis pertening to James and WilUame 
Stevinsonis respective on the wast, and the wast gardin of 
the said monasterie on the north pairtis/'^ 

The following is a list of the Priors known to me : — 

Achardns is Prior of May {ante 1154).* 

Baldwin is Prior of May {ante 1154).* 

Kobert, Prior of May {ante 1165), witnesses a charter 
by King Malcolm IV. giving lus peace to all men going 
into Galloway to settle on the lands of Dunrod, which had 
been given in alms to the church of Holyrood by Fergus of 
Galloway.* 

Hugh of Mortimer, Prior of May, witnesses a charter of 
King William the Lion to the monks of Scone " de electione 
abbatis." Richard, Bishop of St Andrews, who died a.d. 
1177, is also a witness.* 

Ivo, Prior of May, is one of the judges who give sentence 

* Acts of the Parliament of Scotland, voL iii p. 562. A fragment of the 
conventual buildings still subsists, and fonned the residence of the late vener- 
able Bishop Low. * Carte Prioratos Insole de May, pi 3. 

' See reference to Torfeens, antea, p. ix. 

* Munimenta Sancte Crucis, p. 21. Edin. 1840. 

* Liber Ecdes. de Scon. p. 108. Edin. 1843. 



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PREFACE. Ixi 

in a cause relating to the church of Maxtoun, between the 
monastery of Dryburgh and Sir Hugh of Nonnanville, 
knight, and Richard of Nonnanville (c. 1200).^ 

John, Prior of May, was present at an ecclesiastical 
synod held at Perth, a.d. 1206, when a cause between 
William, Bishop of St. Andrews, and Duncan of Arbuthnott, 
was decided.^ 

William is Prior of May before 1214.^ 

Hugh of Mortun, Prior of May, witnesses two charters 
by Duncan, Earl of Angus, confirming grants by his father 
Gillecrist to the monastery of Arbroath. The deed is 
witnessed by King William the Lion, and the Earl David, 
his brother, as also by Philip de Mubray {ante 1214).* 

John, Prior of May, is witness to a charter by Robert 
of London, son of William the Lion, to the monks of Dun- 
fermline, which is also witnessed by Richard, Bishop of 
Dunkeld, who died a.d. 1210. John is still Prior of May in 
1215.* 

Adam, Prior of Pittenweem, is witness to a charter by 
Henry de Candela to the monks of Balmerino of a piece of 
land at Anstruther, giving right to lead water from a foun- 
tain " sub Motlau '* by an underground channel of stone or 
lead. The charter is said to be dated a.d. 1221.* 

' Registr. de Dryburgh, p. 144. Edin. 1847. 

• Miscellany of the Spalding Club, voL v. p. 209. Aberd. 1852. 

• Carte Prioiatus Insule de May, p. 7. 

* Regifitr. Yetus de Abcrbrothoc, pp. 33, 36. Edin. 1848. 
» Registrum de Dunfermeljm, pp. 96, 128. Edin. 1842. 

* Liber S. Marie de Balmorinach, p. 37. Edin. 1841. 



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Ixii PREFACE. 

Kichard, Prior of May, is one of the judges in a cause 
between the convent of Kilwinning and that of Dryburgh 
touching the church of Lauder, a.d. 1222.^ 

N., Prior of May, is judge in a cause touching the right 
of the Abbey of Dryburgh to the chapel of Glengem, a.d. 
1226." 

Ralph is Prior of May, a.d. 1233, when he appears along 
with the rector of the schools of St. Andrews in set- 
tling a dispute between the Abbot of Dunfermline and 
Philip of Mowbray relating to the teind-sheaves of Inver- 
keithing.^ 

John, Prior of May, is one of the judges who give sen- 
tence in a cause between the convents of Kilwinning and 
Dryburgh, A.D. 1248.* In 1251 he was elected Abbot of 
Balmerino.* 

Hugh, Prior of May, died a.d. 1269.* 

William became Prior of May, A.D. 1269.^ 

The Prior of May was present at the Parliament at 
Briggeham, a.d. 1289,^ but his name does not appear in 
the record. 

Martin is Prior of May in 1 313, when he pursues a cause 
against the monks of Scone.* 

* Registr. de Diybuigh, p. 61. » R^^istr. de Diybuigh, p. 169. 
» Begbtr. de Dtmfermelyn, p. 138. * Registr. de Dryburgh, p. 226. 

* Chronica de Mailroe, pp. 178-9. Edin. 1835. 

* Forduni Scetichronioon, toL ii p. 110. ' Idem, p. 110. 

* Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, yoL L p. 85. 

* Liber Ecclea. a Trinitat de Scon. p. 108. Edin. 1843. 



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PREFACE. Ixiii 

Walter Dauidsone is Prior of Pittenweem, a.d. 1479.^ 

Andrew, Prior of Pittenweem, witnesses a resignation of 
the barony of Auchterhouse in favour of Alexander, Earl of 
Buchan, 7th February 1498.* This was Andrew Forman, 
who became Bishop of Moray in 1501, and Archbishop of St. 
Andrews in 1514. He held also in coramevdam the priory 
of May or Pittenweem, the priory of Coldingham, the abbey 
of Diyburgh, and the abbey of Dunfermline. Besides his 
Scotch benefices, he was Archbishop of Bourges in France. 
He died and was buried at Dunfermline, a.d. 1522.' 

Bobert Forman is Ciommendator of Pittenweem, a.d. 
1522.* 

^ Acta of the Parliaments of Scotland, voL ii p. 129. 

* TranBcript in the Library at Panmure. 

' Liber de Drybnrgh, p. xx. note. Bishop Keith's Scottish Bishops, pp. 
35, 146 ; Edin. 1824. This celebrated pluralist got the King's licence as his 
Majestie's ** consalonr and prothonotar the prior of Pettinweme " on account 
of his labours in procuring peace and amity between the kingdoms of Scotland 
and England, '^ to tak and ressaife be himself, or utheiis the said prothonotaris 
kinnismen or frendis, any maner of beneficis and benefice or pensioun within 
the realme of Ingland, gevin or to be gevin to him or them be the said King 
of Ingland— (Registr. Secret SigilL 24th May 1498.) 

* A plea aioee between George Strang of Balcasky and Master Robert For- 
man, Dene of Gleskow (Glasgow), commendator of Pettinweem, touching the 
right to certain lands debateable between them. The latter on 4th June 1622 
produced the King's letters continuing the case. They narrate of the Commend- 
ator that ^ he hes bene in our darrest cosinge and tutour the gouemouris 
semice of lang tyme, lyk as he is yet" On the 6th of July there appeared 
on behalf of Mr. Robert Forman and convent of Pettenweem, Thomas 
DiBchington, baillie of the lands of Pettinweem, and Dene Bartholomo Fore- 
man, chamberlain of the abbey of Pittinweem ; they produced a second letter 



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Ixiv PBBFACE. 

John Rowle is prior in 1526.^ 

James Stewart^ prior of St. Andrews, is Commendator of 
Pittenweem in 1552. 

Sir James Balfour of Pittendreich got a gift of the Priory 
of Pittenweem in 1567.* 

James Halyburton is Commendator of Pittenweem in 
1574.* 

William Stewart^ captain of the King's Guard, is styled 
Commendator of Pittenweem in 1583.* 

Frederick Stewart^ his son, got the lands of the priory 
erected into a temporal lordship, with the title of Lord 
Pittenweem, in 1606.* 

again continuiiig the cafle.^Act8 of the Sheriff-couTt of Fife, 1514-22. In 
HJI. Register House.) 

' John Bowie, as prior of Pettinweem, frequently appears in Parliament 
among the spiritual lords. His name first occurs in the Parliament held at 
Edinburgh in 1526, when an Act significant of the times was passed against 
those who in a lawless way took possession of bishopricks when a vacancy 
occuired, ** and in lykwys enteris in abbais and takkis thame and puttis the 
samyn in keping in secular mennis handis." — (Acts of the Parliaments of 
Scotland, voL ii. p. 309.) He was present in the Parliament held in May 
1532, when the Court of Session was instituted as ^ ane college of cunning 
and wise men, baith of spirituale and temporale estate, for the doing and 
administracioun of jvstice in all cinile actionis.*' — {Idem, p. 335.) In 1542 he 
is one of the Lords iu Parliament for discussing of " domes," and in 1544 he 
is one of the Lords of the Articles. — (Idem, pp. 41 1, 446.) In the same year 
he is one of the Lords of Session. — (Senators of the College of Justice, p. 81.) 

' The Historie of King James the Sext, p. 18. 

' Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, vol. iii. p. 89. 

* Regist Mag. Sigill. lib. xxxv. No. 715. 

* Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, vol iv. p. 361 . 



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PREFACE. IXV 

In condusion, I have to thank Mr. Albert Way for 
bringing under my notice the Rotulus Gartarum et Muni-- 
mentorum Scocie^ printed at page cxii., and for a care- 
ful transcript which he made of it. The original roll, 
which is in the handwriting of the end of the thirteenth 
or the early part of the fourteenth century, was recently 
foimd among the muniments of the Marquis of Exeter, at 
Eaton Hall, along with other documents relating to the 
abbey of Eeading. 

It appears to have formed a tabula or index of the 
documents in the Chartulary of the Priory of May, and, 
judging fipom its title, to have been constructed at a time 
when that establishment belonged to the abbey of Reading, 
and when the scribe was referring to its possessions in Scot- 
land. 

Of this Chartulary no trace has been found after every 
attempt to discover it. 

It is a consolation for the loss of this volume that a 
transcript of some of the more interesting original docu- 
ments was made at an early period, which is now preserved 
in the Public Record OflSce, London. 

This exemplification was made at the instance of the 
Abbot of Reading in the year 1307, at which time the 
original charters must have been in his possession. If 
these had been delivered to the Bishop of St Andrews 
when he purchased the Priory about the year 1270,^ they 

^ It has already been stated (p. xxiiL), on the anthority of Fordun, that 
the pQichasewas made by William Wishart, Bishop of St Andrews, and, as it 



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Ixri PREFACE. 

must have been restored to the Abbot in the course of 
the legal proceedings which ensued. 

I have been unable to discover any record of these pro- 
ceedings subsequent to the citation of King John Baliol 
by Edward, to appear before him as Lord Paramount 
(Appendix to Preface, p. Ixxxix.), the issue of which was 
anticipated by the subjection of the former in July 1296. 

It would seem probable that the title of the Abbot to 
the Priory of May had been restored during the English 
sway in Scotland. However this may be, the letters- 
patent in his favour were granted by Edward when that 
monarch was at Camboc in Cumberland, on his way to put 
down what he viewed as the rebellion of Robert Bruce, and 
only four months before his warlike career was closed at 
Burgh-on-the-Sands, on 7th July 1307. The exemplifica- 
tion of the charters would seem to imply the continuance of 
proceedings by which the abbot hoped to maintain his 
grasp of the priory, and may indicate that he was as unpre- 

would seeiu, soon after the death of Hugh, Prior of May in a.d. 1269. The 
biflhop^s death took place in 1279, while the deed by which the priory was 
united to the convent of St Andrews, appears to have been granted by William 
Fraser, his successor in the see.— ^Appendix to Preface, p. xviiL) 

The editors of the last edition of Dugdale's Mouasticon, on the authority 
of Spottiswoode ascribe the purchase to William Lamberton, Bishop of St 
Andrews (voL iv. pp. 32, 61), and the same statement is made by Bishop 
Keith in his Historical Catalogue of the Scottish Bishops (p. 22, edition 
1824). It is clear, however, that this is an error. Robert de Buighate, the 
Abbot of Beading, who sold the priory, resigned his office in 1287, and 
William Lamberton did not become Bishop of St Andrews tiU 1298. 



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PREFACE. Ixvii 

pared as his sovereign for the turn of affairs which put an 
end to the pretensions of botL From this source the first part 
of the present collection has been printed,^ and the Society- 
is indebted to Mr. Duffus Hardy, the Deputy-keeper of the 
Public Becords, for permission to have the necessary trans- 
cripts and a facsimile of part of the Roll made.' 

In printing the Boll I have thought it permissible to 
break it up, so as to exhibit separately the charters exempli- 
fied. 

Portions of the record are given in fEU^simile.^ The 
lines in the upper part of the page contain the expression, 
" Inuerrin que fuit Auemi," and the address to the " Gille- 
serfis of Qacmannan/' on which I have elsewhere com- 
mented.^ In the second portion will be found the letters 
patent of King David to the monks of Bindalgros, de- 
scribing that house as a Cell of May, while at the bot- 
tom is the commencement of the Rotuhis Cartarvm et 
Munimentorum Scocie. 

The second portion of the charters was fortunately 
recorded in the Register of the Priory of St. Andrews, and 

^ I oQg^t to Btate that the piesent Tolume is the result of a suggestion 
which I made to the Sodetj for printing the lesser chartularies stiU in 
manuscript, such as those of Oambuskenneth, Inchcolm, Cupar, Pluscaidine, 
May, and Kinloss. The suggestion was adopted, and a resolution passed to 
eomnience the series with the '' Charters of the Priory of May." 

> In Dugdale's Monasticon (voL iv. pp. 60, 62} the charters Nos. L ii. 
iiL and ziL are printed from the same record. 

* See page of facsimiles fronting the title page. 4 See pp. x. and Izzvii. 



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TTtA-IC J<*iL»nii y..} ;'■,.■ ^^ 



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V i tL'^Ttartni tSxaVro 



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NOTES TO PREFACE 
NOTE A. 

ThK GnULESERFS OF ClACKMAXSAS. — FMgt XL 

Thb King's Charter heie referred to, besides the usual address to 
his bishops, abbots, earis, sheriffs, prorosu, and ministen or thanes, is 
also directed to the GiOtsrrfis of darmamic. 

We hsve frequent imtfanres. in our earliest records, of vitnesses 
whose Christian names attest the pr>pa]ar rererence for one or other 
iA the saints — sodi as GiUa-cohn, the serrant of St. Colmnba ; Gil]»- 
•AawKw^MMk^ the serrant of Sc Adam nan ; GiUs-peter, the serrant of Sl 
Peter ; GiUft-andres, the Mrrant <A St. Andrer ; Gilia-oomgfaain, the 
servant of Sl Congan ; GiUa-patrut, the MTruit of St. Patrick : and 
KiDeaeif (or GillMefffK the m^ ant of St. Seil> 

The tenn in qo«5ti'>n, howerer, do^ not refer to an iDdividnaL 
but to certain offi<H;n in the tLire </ Clacmancan. known as the '^serrants 
of Si. Serf,** and it is the ixAj iikAkiifx iA vLxh I am avaie whert 
sodi a dea^naticA oocnrt in a Sc^xch eLart«r.* 

* Mr. W. F. SLe*»e, »i»'^ Lm wt-tr/r:-.**! Wj hcv^':r v. va ksti/m'jistgi U 12* t^rly 

mmmt id s max vm Vjti* Inr |^^>> tr<i.2«»itl«i vvtA ijit i^rrA 1/ vi-iid. ^ k 

hc iwilUi T ieun *4 Lohil ss* I h. • 'inu'VT 'f S^ v^^ JLtaCt'.as^ Ka if OZJsBi:r»;. iaa, 
«f Ifjliwa^, d«& «f Lob*. </ t£j» isijift '/ Laha. fioi'.tur ^Jit V7I1i«m»*» j* v J. 7rA£>.a*'«/L 

tike a-Vi/X Ti**u? ii.ii^ »*?* J. Oj^rii'U'^'.j.iiJl. isni Uj»7 **rt jrt^juiLT CMsrHSjufd 



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Ixxii NOTES. 

In some cases we have charters addressed to the people belong- 
ing to a certain church. Thus a writ of David L, relating to the 
payment of customs due to the church of Dunfermline, is addressed 
to Constantine the Earl — '^£t omnibus pertinentibus ad ecclesiam 
Sancte Tnnitatis hominibus."* In others the people of a district 
occur, as in a writ of King Malcolm TV., which is addressed along 
with certain persons by name — ^ Et omnibus probis hominibus 
tocius Fif."« 

That the district around Clackmannan was connected with St. Serf 
at an early period, either as lying within the territory of his monastery at 
Culross, or of some religious house founded by him, seems plain from 
various circumstance& 

When St. Serf met St Adamnan at Inchkeith, he is represented 
as asking him, — ^'Quomodo disponam familie et sociis meisf The 
answer was, — ** Habitent terram Fif et a monte Britannorum usque ad 
montem qui dicitur Okh^."' 

I cannot say what hill is meant by the mons Britannorum ; but it 
seems clear that the territory thus described comprehended the west of 
Fife along the base of the Ocliils. In this district most of the recorded 

' Regiatrum de Dimfermelyn, p. 18. * Registram de Dunfenne]]^!, p. 25. 

* life of St Serf, in Skene's Chronicles of the Picts and Scots, p. 416. 

Alva, the neighbouring church to Clackmannan, and in which Tullybody is 
situated, was dedicated to St. Ser^ and we learn that part of the kirk lands by be- 
tween the Well of St. Serf and the church (charter of Sir Alexander of Striveling, 
Knight, confirms to God, St Mary, and St Serf, and the church of St Serf of 
Alneth (Alva), an acre of ground in tile village of Alueth — to wit, that which is nearest 
St Serfs Well between the well and the church Registr. Monasterii de Cambuskeji- 
neth, No. 14, MS. in Adv. Lib.) By another deed in the same register, "Contra 
capellam de Alway," addressed by the Bishop of St. Andrews " Capellano parochiali 
ecclesie de Clakmannaue," it is declared that the men living in the lands or lordship 
of Alway are bound to assist in the repairs of the parish church of Clackmannan 
along with the other parishioners of said church (No. 19). The church of Tully- 
coultry, which marches with Alva and C!lackmannan on the west, was also dedi- 
cated to St Serf. 

King Robert Bruce confirmed to the monks of Cambuskenneth '* Ac Sancto 
Servano de Tullecultry," ten acres of arable ground within the tenitory of Tullecultry, 
granted to them by Colin Cambell, Lord of TuUicultiy, son and heir of the late 
Nigel Cambell. —(Registr. Monasterii de Cambuskenneth, Nos. 215, 216.) 



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of the Sunt woe wTtm:^UL. a» wv Wan 6ua Wrunvtizi $ vi<^ 

A ujilja Bsia Uktt tjme fayrrit. 

Of tlktt ipfiTte kfr w» ULia 

IXeijTvijd ^Imodi that kilj mm. 

In Twlreiiltiy. til a wjfe 

TW& svnnjm he nsrd fra de^ to h^. 

Tlus haljrman liad a nm. 

Hut ke liad fed iq> of a bme. 

And oTsjd hjm to folow aj 

Quhaie-ewTTe he passyd in kvs wmy : 

A thefe this schepe in Athren^ st&l). 

And ete him up in pesis alL 

Qohen Sanct Serf kjs run had myst^ 

Qoha that it stall, wes few that wyst : 

On presmnptyowne neTyrtheles 

He thai it stall arrestyd wes ; 

And tfl Saynt Serfe syne wes he broucht 

Tliat schepe, he sayd, that he stall noucht ; 

And thaie-tfl for to sweie an athe. 

He sayd, that he wald noucht be lathe ; 

Bat sone he worthyd rede for schame. 

The schepe there bletyd in hys wamts 

Swa wes he tayntyd schamfuUy 

And at Saynt Serf askyd mercy/* 

Cronfjkii Book v. c IS. 
Another miracle of St Serf was performed at Dunning, on i\w 
north side of the Ochils, where he slew a dragon with the point uf liiii 
bachal in a glen, which, from this event, was called ** Vallis dra(H)nis/'* 
The parish of Donning was dedicated to St. St^rf, and hero ho hiid a 
cell in which he died.' 

^ Athren, or Airthrey, is in the parish of Logic, which OAlJoitis Umt of Alvn. 
' In the immediate neighbourhood of Dunning is a spot railed l>ntffo»'ii ikn, 
(Sinclair's Stat Ace, toL zx. p. 439.) 

» Life of 8t. Serf, in Skene's Chronicles of tho PirU and ScotM, p. 420. 



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Ixxiv NOTES. 

In the light of many intimations in our early chronicles and records, 
we may regard it as certain that, before the period of parishes, the 
monastic institutions of celtic Alba were numerous, and scattered 
throughout the country. If, therefore, the ^ families " or conventual 
bodies in the west of Fife, were established by St. Serf and his followers, 
and his memory was thus held in reverence in later times by the people 
belonging to the churches founded on the monastic territories, the term 
Gilleserfis might be applied to the occupants of these lands,' or to 
the men who, like the coarbs and herenachs of Ireland, administered the 
monastic possessions ; just as the mnisM, who are also addressed in the 
charter, were the thanes or stewards who managed the demesne 
lands of the Crown.' 

^ The " Brandanes" of Bute, mentioned by Forduu, a people or tribe on that 
island, who seem to have been so named from their relation to St Brendan, the 
great saint of Bute, and to have lived on the lands of the High Steward as nativi, 
may have been of the same character. — (Scotichronicon, voL it p. 815.) See also 
Orig. Paroch., voL ii. p. 210. 

' Clackmannan was part of the demesne lands of our early sovereigns, and it may 
have come into their hands, as in the case of the Boar-Chase of St Andrews and other 
monastic teiritories, at the time when numy of the early Celtic institutions became secu- 
larised. We know that at least a part of the lands originally granted to St R^;u- 
lus, and afterwards secularised, was re-granted to the canons of St Andrews by 
Alexander I. and his brother David I., and as we find from the Chartulary of 
Cambuskenneth tiiat King David conveyed to the monks of Cambuskenneth the 
church of Clackmannan, with forty acres of land, we may be allowed to coigecture 
that this also was a restoration, for ecclesiastical purposes, of part of the territory of 
one of St. Serf's monasteries, the occupants of which were known as his servants or 
followers, "The Gille-Serfis of Clacmanan." — (Registr. de Cambuskenneth, No. 57). 

Besides the grant to the monks of the Isle of May of commonty in his forest 
of Clackmannan, the king conferred on the canons of St Andrews the right of taking 
timber for their building from the same forest — (Registr. Priorat S. Andree, p. 188.) 

We have later notices, in the public Records, of the Park and Forest of Clackmannan, 
which continued in the Crown for upwards of two centuries after the time of King 
David's grant In 1859 the Sheriff of Clackmannan charged himself with 46s. 8d. for 
foggage of the forest of Clackmannan (Chamberlain Rolls, voL i. p. 324) ; about the same 
time it is recorded, " Parens de Clacmannane valuit antea xls., et foresta de Clacman- 
nane etc, valuit c. s., nunc pendunt in manu domini Roberti de Erskyne. — (Acts of 
the Scottish Parliaments, vol. L p. 169.) 

David II. confirmed " Johanni de Menetcth, et Marie spouse sue, filie et heredi 
quondam Johannis de Strivilyne militis, ilia duo officia, vicecomitatus de Clacmanan, 
et forestazii foreste ejusdem, que officia dicta Maria in sua viduitate resignavit, 



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NOTES. IXXV 

QUA cnm mansione forestaiii, et terris ad earn pertinentibaa in dicta 

foresta, et pascna et pastora dnodecim yaccanim et earom sequela triom anoonmiy sex 
jnmentonim et eonun sequela tnnm annonmiy et sex porcomm fertiliiim et earom sequela 
trinm annomm, in et per totam dictam forestam, tarn de nocte quam de die, annnatim, 
com ceteris animalilnis in eadem pastis (Transcript in General Button's Collections, 
MS. Adv. Lib.) Bobert IL, on 28d October 1882, granted a charter to William 
de Meneteih, son and heir of Mariot of Striulyn, dau^ter and heir of the late John 
oi Striyelyn, kni^t, of the lands of Wester Kers and Alyeth, in the shire of Stir* 
lin^ as also the offices of Sheriff and Forester of Clacmanan (The Stirlings <^ Keir 
and their Family Papers, by Mr. Frsaer, pu 200). 



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NOTE R 

Extracts from the Accounts of the Lord High Treasurer of 

Scotland. 

{The King's voyages to the Isle of May.) 

1490. Item, on Fiyday the xxj May quhen the king past in 

a boyt &a Leytht to May, til hiself xxti angellis . xxiij li. 
1503. Item, the third day of Junij, to ye hermit of May be 

the IdngiB command . iz & 

Item, the said day to the tua botis that toUit the kingis 

schip in the He of Maij .... xviij s. 
Item, to the bote [that] brocht the kingis folkes on 

land in Maij . v s. ij d. 

Item, to the bote that hed the clerkis of the kingis 

chapell to Maij to sing the mes thair xviij s. 

Item, to the bote that landit the king in Anstrother 

that day . vij s. 

Item, to Robert Bertoon, marinar, that salit the litill 

schip with the king to Maij, be the kingis command, 

V Frensch crounis — summa iij lib. x s. 

Item, the third day of Junij the king passit to Maii, 

to his offerand thair .... xxviij s. 
Item, to the preistes to say thre trentales messis thair iij Hb. 
1503. 3 June. Item, that samyn day in Anstrother, 

quhen the king com on land to the preistis of 

Anstrother to say ane trentale of messes of Sanct 

Nicholass . xx s. 

Item, the ferd day of Junij in Craill, to the preistes 

thair ...... v hb. 



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NOTES. Ixxvii 

Item, to the kingis offerand thair, at the mess, 

and on the bred .... xxvig s. 

Item, that samyn day thairefter, in Sanct Monanes, 

to the kmgis offerand .... xii\j s. 
Item, to the kingis offerand on the bred thair xii\j s. 

Item, to the preistes and fibres thair xiig s. 

Item, to the preist that sang the mes, be the kingis 

command , x h. 

1505. [6 July]. Item to Johne Merchamestoun to pass to 

Eingom Disert and Kyrkawdy, to seik marjmares 

agane the king passing to May . xiiij n. 

Item, ye viij day of July to the marinares of Robert 

Bertonnis schip for yiij dayis wages xij lib. 

Item, to other zx marinaris brocht forth of Fyf be 

Johne Merchamestoun, thair olkis wage . x li. 

[9 July]. Item, to ye botemen passand to the sebip . ix n. 

Item, ye x day of Jnlij, to an wricht in Maij, of drink- 

silver . . ij «, rj d. 

Item, in Maij to the botemen that landit the ttuftt 

faith ot achippes . . ix «. 

Item, ye xj day of Jnlij, to the hcAntnaai thai landit tli#; 

king at the Bbknen . . , , xiitj u. 

[29 Jnly]. Item, that sannyn day Up t\ie king kmuM^lf 

in his aTn porM, qu\ten hh jiaMit Ut %aj]l, 'f Vrt^imU 

croimis — somma , \x% U\f 

Item, to wifei that pMAtt in u# y*: s^hip mm A wrfftitt 

efter scho pa^beit f^^rth in x^j^. h^ntt '4 \j^\% h « 

Iteaii, that day to y« k^a tLkt rf/wrt ti^, kirig ^m U/fd 

to tb» Kcip^^ea 'r/tj^u l^ Mupt to M;wj fi n 

heat, ikjt j*t-.h czj </ J'/.y V/ u^ u^rf$ UM ffmA 

the kirar fea \Lk ^x.,-/^ to M^^ %tA t// Ua 

•esj^f^s a<BUu« ' . ti^ « 

Catkin, \^ ^u'Jt £^^» V.«WMfllu4 /. .. % 



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Ixxyiii notes. 

Item, that day, to the botemen that lowit the king 
fra Carail to Maij, and fra Maij to Caraill . xxviij s. 

Item, to Sir Symon ane prast of Caraill, of belcher, 

qahair the king dynyt . ix & 

Item, to the botemen that brocht the kingis stuf^ and 
the maister coke with the kingis aouper fra the 
schip to Maij, and fra Maij to the schip agane ix & 

Item, [that] day, to the heremit of Maij, be the kingis 

comand . . v s. iiij d. 

Item, the secund day of August, to the botemen of 
Eingome to bring the king fra the schip to the 
land, and to the schip agane xiiij s. 

Item, the zxij day of August, payit to the Abbot of 
Cambuskenneth quhilk he laid doun to the men- 
strales in the kingis schip quhen scho wes at Maii xxviij s. 

1506. Item, the x day of JuUj, in Maij, to the kingis 

offerand in his tua candiUis, ii French crounis — 

summa ...... xxviij s. 

Item, to the kingis offerand on the bred thair xiiij s. 

Item, to Sir Gilbert Haldane to dispone to the preiste 

of Petinweme . iiij IL 

Item, to the preist of Maij . . xx s. 

Item, the penult day of Julij, to the kingis offerand 

in Maij ..... xxviij s. 

Item, that samyn day to the quenis offerand, offerit 

be the king^ comand .... xiiij s. 
Item, that day to the preist of Maij xiiij s. 

Item, that samyn nycht (1 Aug.) in Maij, to the kingis 

offerand quhen the king passit on burd to his 

schip at evin ..... xiiij s. 

1 507. Item, the xxv day of August, to the heremit of Maij xiiij s. 
Item, to the botemen that hed in the kingis dynar, 

and the cuke to dicht his [mes in] Maij . xiiij s. 

Item, to the botemen that hed the king to Maij and 

agane to Carail . xlij s. 



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. to iBe mkar bote tkM kd iIk^ Id&ps fik» u> 
Ibgaal^gVK . . « . . ix ^ 

ItcH^ the xzij dij cf Asgaft to tiie jvMl ef <>m1 

qaUr tlie king hxgeii. in bekhetr . xxTi\ji «. 

ItcB, to the wndit cf lliij in drinksQiMr i\j ^ 

1508. [8 Mar.] Itea, thit day to the hereayt of Mag thai 

farocht sue mAh to the king xu\j ;Sk 

[30 Apr.] Item, to the saiid Robeit (Btftoon^ he gMf 
for hiTlOTting <ji his adiip odlit the Lioan qohen 
the king pMsit to Maij the seir hq[4ist x)\j As 

Item, the hat dnj oi Jonij to the heremit of Mag , xii\j flu 

Item, that day to ane bote of Anstrother that htnl 
the king to Maij and agane to PetUnweme xxvi\j a. 

Item, to ane row bote that hed the king about Uic 

lale of Maij to schut at fowlia with the culveryn . xvi d. 

Item, to other thre botes of Pettinweme that htnl in 
the kingis folkes and chanounis, with pairt of lanlia 
of the contree In. 

[1 JuL] Item, to the wricht in Ma^ in drinksilunr . xiig m. 

Item, to the portar of Pettinweme . . (j m. 

[2 Jul.] Item, to Thomas Hewch, quhilk passit witht 
his bote to Maij witht the kingis victales and agnni^ 
to Leith lij II. 

(The Kin^B journey to St. DuUuu^b at Tain,) 

1497. Item [Oct], passand to Sanct Duthois to the feryar 

of Dee . . . . . , xj «. vj <1, 
Item, to the piparis of Abirden be the kingis com* 

mand ....,, xviij s, 

Item, to the gray freres tbair , m\ n, 

Item, for the kingis hon met in Abirdimf ane nycbt . iiij «, 
Item, at the Kirk of Keth to tlie gudwif of the l^mm 

be the kingis command .... xviij n. 

Item, to the preet that sed m*i% to th^ king tliair xvj d. 

Item, to the feriar of Kji*^ , IVjij • 



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IxZX NOTES. 

Item, to the blak frerea of Elgin xiij s. iiij d. 

Item, giffin to the friares of Ardroseir and Cromerti x s. 

Item, to the kingis offerand in Tayn ii demys, ane lew, 

ane nnicom — somma . iii lib. ii b. ii d 

Item, command hame agane, gi£5n at the tna feryis 

be the kingis OQmmand .... xxxvj s. 

{The King's Journeys to St. DuthaeX 1504 and 1505.) 

1504. Item, the y day of October to Jacob edmanistoun for 

tursing of the kingis doggis to loch Canmor xiiij s. 

Item, the iz day of November to the botemen of loch 

Canmor be the kingis command . xiiij & 

Item, that samyn day to ane man that provit the 

watter of Don before the king ix s. 

Item, that samyn day for tursing of the doggis to 

Demway . vii s. 

Item, to Peter Crechtoon he gaif be the kingis com- 
mand to ane blind man in Loch Canmor . vs. 
Item, that nycht in Strabogy to the king to play at 

the cards, xx frensche crownis, summa xiiij lib. 

Item, that nycht in Demway to the king to play at 

the cartis . . xx s. 

Item, for ane gosehalk at the Rede Castell, v frensche 

crownis . . iii lib. x s. 

Item, to ane man of Lord Louetis brocht tua quyk 

wild geyss to the king . iiij s. 

Item, for rashes to the kingis chalmer in Demway . iij s. 

1 505. Item, the xv day of October to the fonr Italen men- 

strales and the More tabrooner, to ther hors met xlv s. 

Item, that samyn nycht to the king to the cartis xx 

french crownis, and tynt, — summa xv lib. viij s. 

Item, that samyn nycht in Dunnottir, to the chield 

playit on the monocordis be the kingis command . xviij & 
Item, to the pur foUds at Dunottir be the kingis 

command ..... xviij s. 



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NOTES. Ixxxi 

Item, the xvi day of October in Abirdene to Pate 

Sinclair ...... xviij s. 

Item, to the wrichtis and masons of Abirdene of 

drinksilaer . . . Ld s. 

Item, to the piparis of Abirdene be command xviij s. 

Item, that nycht to the fcdcineris in Inneroory, the 

king being in Untree, to ther expends viii s. 

Item, the xixdaj of October to the maddins of Forres 

that dansit to the king . ix s. 

Item, to the maddins that dansit at Elgin, sidike . xi & vi d. 
Item, to the maddins that dansit at Demway xiiii s. 

Item, the xx day of October, in the canonry of Bos, 

to Johne Goldsmyth for tursing of the oiganis to 

Tayn, and hame again . iiij lib. 

Item, to ane man of the bischop of Bos gaif ane halk 

to the king ..... xxviii s. 

Item, to the four Italien menstrales and the More ta- 

brooner, to their hors met . xlv s. 

Item, to the feryaris of Ardrosier . xiiii s. 

Item, to Bobert Mertonn to pas our the water with 

the goshalk . . . . x s. 

Item, to the Beschop of Bos man of Bridil siluer xiiii s. 

Item, in Tayn to the man that beris Sanct Duthois 

bell . . . . . . iii 8. 

Item, to the lard of Balnagownis harper, be command xiiii s. 
Item, the xxvii day of October to ane man to pas to 

lord Forbes with the kingis writingis vs. 

Item, to the nuris of Demway be command xxviij s. 

Item, to the feryaris of Ardrosier cumand hame again x s. 

Item, the xxix day of October to the feryaris of Spey ix s. 

Item, that samyn nycht in Strathbolgy to the men- 
strales and the More to ther hors met , xiiii s. 
Item, the samyn day to Alexander Law falconer to 

pas to Finlater for ane halk . vii s. 

/ 



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IxXXii NOTES. 

Item, the first day of November to the piparis in 

Abirdene ..... xxviii s. 

Item, payit to Martin bailze he laid doun to ane 

wif in Innerowry quhar the king baytit . xiiii & ii d. 

Item, to the aaid Martin he gaif to pur foUds ther ii s. 

Item, to him he gaif for mending of Johne Roaches 

sadil in Aberdene . zii d. 

Item, to the said Martin he laid doun to ane bote in 
fraucht at the ferry of Ardrosier with the kingis 
bed, sadilis and childes . . iii s. id. 

{Thi King's joumsy to St, Ninian's at WhUhoffi) 

1504. Item, the xxiij day of Julij in Dumbertane to Sir 

Andro Makbrek . . xl s. 

Item, the xx day of Julij to Sir Andro to dispone xx s. 

Item, that day to the kingis offerand on Sanct James 

bred ...... xiiij s. 

Item, to the kingis offerand at the hie mes . xiiij s. 

Item, to the blak freris thair . xx s. 

Item, the xxvj day of Julij in Eliotstoun to the kingis 

offerand in the new college xiiij s. 

Item, to the preistis thair . . xx s. 

Item, the xxvij day of Julij in Air to ye bkk freres xiiij s. 
Item, the xxviij day of Julij to the kingis offerand in 

our lady kirk of Kile .... uiij s. 
Item, to Sir Andro Makbrek to dispone thair v lib. 

Item, that samyn day to him to the gray freres of Air xxviij s. 
Item, the xxix day of Julij to the monks of Cross- 

raguell . . xx s. 

Item, the penult day of Julij in Glenluss to Sir Andro 

Makbrek . xx s. 

Item, the last day of Julij in Quhithem to Sir Andro 

to dispone . v lib. 

Item, to the kingis offerand in the kirk in diuerss 

places, iiij Frensche crounis — summa Ivj s. 



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NOTES. Ixxxiii 

Item, to the kingis <^eraiid in the chapell on the hill xiiij s- 
Item, to preistis thair, fira the lady maiste^es xiiij s. 

Item, that samyn day to the fieres of Wigtoon xiiij s. 

[August]. Item, the second day of August to the 

monks of Dandranane . xx s. 

Item, the thred day of August to the freres of Drum- 

freisB ...... xiiij s. 

Item, the ferd day of August to Sir Andro Makbrek 

to dispone . xl s. 

Item, the vij day of August to the kingis <^enuid in 

the coTsskirk of Peblis .... xiiij s. 
Item, to the preistis thair . • iij li^* 

Item, the viij day of August to the kingis offerand 

in Sanct Katrines of the oly well xiiij s. 

Item, the ix day of August to the kingis offerand in 

Lestabig ..... xiiij s. 



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APPENDIX TO PREFACE. 



I.— PROCEEDINGS relative to the Claim of the Abbot and 
Convent of Reading on the Priory of the Isle of May. — 
1293-1292. 

Placitum abbatis de Rading de prioratu de May. — 10th February 
1292/ 

Frater Johannes de Sottone monachns de Radingis et magister Hugo 
de Staunforthe clericus asserentes se esse procuratores et actomatos 
Willelmi Abbatis de Redingis proferunt quoddam scriptum procura- 
torium in hec verba : — 

Yniuersis sancte matris ecclesie ad quorum noticiam peruenerit hec 
scriptura Willelmus permissione diuina abbas monasterii Radingensis 
et eiusdem loci conuentus vnanimis salutem in omnium saluatore. Ad 
petendum et recipiendum prioratum nostrum de May in Scocia sen 
possessionem eiusdem cum omnibus et singulis ad dictum prioratum 
pertinentibus, sen ad petendum et recipiendum residuum pecunie dudum 
conuente pro eodem vna cum omnibus fructubus et prouentibus de 
eodem prioratu perceptis, ac etiam ad transigendum conponendum et ad 
regiam confirmadonem super ipsa transaccione seu composicione per 
nos facienda, inpetrandum, et eidem consenciendum ac dictum negocium 
nomine nostro et ecclesie nostre Radingensis prout nobis melius vide- 
bitur expedire fideliter terminandum, dilectos nobis in Christo fratrem 
Johannem de Sutton commonachum domus nostre et magLstrum 
Hugonem de Staunford clericum nostrum presencium portitores, nos- 

^ Ads of the Parliaments of Scotland, voL i p. 90, where a portion of the Roll is 
given in facsimile. 

// 



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IxXXvi APPENDIX TO PREFACE. 

tros ordinauimus facimus et constitoimus procuratores seu actomatos 
per presentes. Dantes eisdem generalem potestatem et mandatum 
speciale nomine nostro et ecclesie nostre Eadingensis omnia et singula 
premissa expediendi, et ad curiam domini nostri regis Anglie illustris 
appellandi et appellacionem ipsam prosequendi et omnia alia faciendi, 
per que dictum negocium legitime potent expediri Ratum et gratum 
habentes et habituri quicquid dicti procuratores nostri fecerint in 
premissis. Hoc idem omnibus et singulis quorum interest, tenore 
presencium significamus. In cuius rei testimonium presentibus sigilla 
nostra apposuimus. Datum in capitulo nostro Radingensi sextodecimo 
kalendas Februarii anno Domino M^. cc^ nonogesimo secundo. 

Et preterea protulerunt quamdam peticionem de prioratu de May 
que quidem peticio attachiata est huic rotulo. Et preterea in fine 
parliamenti requisitum fuit a predictis procuratoribus et actomatis si 
parati essent soluere domino episcopo Sancti Andree mille et centum 
marcas sterlingorum quas idem episcopus soluerat Roberto nuper ab- 
bati de Radingis et eius procuratoribus seu actomatis. Qui dixerunt 
quod ad aliquam solucionem feusiendam eidem episcopo de aliqua summa 
pecunie hue missi non fiierunt nee ad hoc se obligare voluerunt et 
suplicauerunt domino regi quod peticio ipsorum in eodem statu quo 
nunc est remanere posset usque ad proximum parliamentum ut interim 
consulere possint abbatem de Radingis et dominum regem Anglie et 
licet ad proximum parliamentum venire non possent quod propter 
hoc non occasionarentur usque ad aliud parliamentum sequens. 

Peticio Abbatis. 

A nostre seingneur le rey de Escose, e, a soun counsail, mustrent le 
abbe et le couent de Redinges ke come la mesone nostre seigneur le 
rey de Engleterre de Redyngis par le bon rey Dauy de Escoce fast fefFe, 
e, enamonee, de la priourete de May en Escoce, of tote les apurtenaunces, 
ke valent per, an, quatre cent mars, ou plus, fesant, en mesme le lev, le 
seruice deu pour lui e les almes ses auncestres, e ses successurs, pour 
nefe moynes, de la mesone de Redinges avaunt dite, mesme cele priourte 
lour est aloingne per la folic e vne sote vente ke le Abbe Robert lour 



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APPENDIX TO PREFACE. Ixxxril 

predeenEor, e me putie des autre moynes ke ftirent de sa ooajne ke 
poer ne arejoit la chose Tendre ne aloigner de issi come oeste yente 
fbst fete, enoQDtre k gre e lassent des eignes, e plus sages de lamesomi^ 
e, mement, enoontra lassent, nostre semgnenr le rey de Engletere patioon 
e aTowe de la mesone de Bedinges aTaont dite, e enoontre lassent, le 
rej Deaeoee patroun, e arowe de la mesone de May, com a oel tens, rey 
de Esooee ne avoit, e ^icoontre den, e tote resoun feisent, a Williame 
Eoesk de Saint Andreo, ke ooe est, poorml libris des qneos 3 ne ad 
paie a odni Bobeit, foes ke: o& lib. qoatorze mars mains la qnele vente 
fost fete, a le avannt dit eaesk Id poer ne avoit la chose achater par la 
resoun, qe a oel tens il fev chef gardein dn reaome Descooe e sennente 
de garder le reaome, e le estat le rey ke fnst a venir, sannz blenusse> 
ment, e cheeone manere de aniemisement e par la resoon ke le reaome 
Deseooe, adnnk fea saonz rey, por le quel fet, le ayaontdit abbe Eobert est 
depoaee, e oeux de sa oovine mis en destresse e en garde. De autre part 
prient layaont dit abbe et le oovent de Redingis nostre seigneur le rey 
Desoooe, e, soon counsail ke render lor saient les fruz, e les issues de 
lairaont dite prioorete en le mentens ke amountera quatre annes entre- 
ment le ioor de Palmes ke prochein, Tendra, de issi com prest sunt a fere 
e le avannt dit eoesqe qoannk il fere deyuent par resoxm e par le agard 
noBtre seigneur le rey Descoce, e soun counseil de oeste choses prient 
layaont dit abbe, e, soun ooaent nostre saigneur le rey de Escoce e, sovm 
coanaeil qe, pite lor preingne de tel fet e ke il voilent mettre, tel reme- 
die e tel eoonsail, ke la mesoun nostre seingneur le rey da Engleterre^ e 
la sowe, ne seit issinc descrite e lor amone destnie. 

Bex Scotiae citatur ad respondendum super appellatione abbatis Rading.* 

Rex et superior dominus regni Scotie, dilecto et fideli suo Jobanni 
eadem gracia regi Scotie illustri salutem, Fratre Alano de Eston et 
magistro Hugone de Staunford procuratoribus sire attomatis religioso- 
ram Tirorom abbatis et couTentus monasterii Rading quod de ele- 
modiiis progenitorum nostronim regum Anglie et nostris est (unda- 
turn, exponentibus accepimus, quod cum Celebris memorie dominus David 

» R'^^iH Srf^lo', L p. 19. 



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Ixxxviii APPENDIX TO PREFACE. 

quondam rex Scotie, predecessor vester, monasterium predictum et mon- 
achoB ibidem tunc Deo servientes et successores suos de prioratu de 
May cum pertinentiis diocesis Sancti Andree infra regnum vestrum per 
cartam suam in liberam puram et perpetuam elemosinam feofasset, ita 
videlicet quod iidem monachi et successores sui, prioratui predicto per 
novem de commonachis suis sacerdotibus pro anima prefati regis David, 
et animabus predecessorum et successorum suorum regum Scotie divina 
celebrantibus, imperpetuum facerent deserviri, et prefati monachi suc- 
cessoresque sui prioratum predictum cum omnibus suis pertinentiis per 
feoffamentum huiusmodi semper pacifice tenuissent, quousque quidam 
Bobertus de Burghgate nuper abbas monasterii predicti, predecessor pre- 
dicti abbatis, prioratum predictum, dissentiente majore et saniore parte 
conventus sui, nobisque inconsultis, venerabili patri Willelmo episcopo 
Sancti Andree alienavit, in nostri preiudicium, et exheredationem dicti 
monasterii manifestam. Cumque iidem procuratores sive attomati ad 
vestram presentiam accesserint, et vos instanter et pluries requisierint 
quod ipsos in iure predictorum abbatis et conventus curaretis audire, et 
super petitione sua quam faciebant de prioratu praedicto cum pertinen- 
tiis sibi facere jus et justitie complementum, offerentes se paratos docere 
de predicto jure ipsorum abbatis et conventus in forma debita coram 
vobisy vos habito processu diutino super premissis inter partes memora- 
tas coram vobis, pretextu cujusdam appellacionis conficte ab audientia 
vestra per prefatum episcopum ad sedem apostolicam interjecte, cui minus 
provide ut dicitur detulistis, in ipso negotio ulterius procedere non cur- 
antes, eisdem procuratoribus sive attomatis audientiam in liac parte 
contra justitiam denegastis, propter quod iidem procuratores seu attor- 
nati nomine predictorum abbatis et conuentus a juris defectu seu jus- 
titie deuegatione, a vobis ad nos ut ad superiorem ipsius regni Scotie 
dominum appellarunt, petentes et supplicantes per nos in vestri defec- 
tum sibi justitiam exhiben, juxta quod ratione superioritatis dominii 
quod in eodem regno habemus ad nos dinoscitur pertinere. Cum 
igitur justa petentibus non sit denegandus auditus, et in exhibenda jus- 
titia sumus omnibus debitores, vos adjomamus quod sitis coram nobis, a 
die sancti Martini proxime futuro in xv. dies ubicunque tunc fuerimus 
in Anglia responsurus predictis abbati et conventui super premissis, et 



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APPENDIX TO PREFACE. Ixxxix 

facturas et receptanis quod justum fuerit, quern diem eisdem abbati et 
conventui assignavimus coram nobis ad faciendum et recipiendum simi- 
liter in eisdem quod justitia suadebit — ^In cuius, etc 

T. R. apud Dunton secundo die Septembris [1293]. 

Post recapittdaiumem lUerarum predidarum nuindatur vicecomti Northumhrioi 
quod eas deferat regi Scotia coram iestibtis, etc., ut antta in simililms. 



Placita coram domino rege apud Cestriam, de termino pasche, anno regni 
regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici, xxiii [rot. 2 Id.*] 

Preceptum £uit vicecomiti cum ex gravi querela Fratris Alani ^^<^unihria 
de Eston et magistri Hugonis de Staunford procuratorum seu attoma- 
torum religiosorum virorum abbatis et conuentus monasterii Badyng, 
quod de elemosinis progenitorum regis, regum Anglie et regis est fun- 
datum, nuper acceperat rex, quod cum Celebris memorie dominus, David 
quondam rex Scocie, monasterium predictum, et monachos ibidem tunc 
Deo seruientes, et successores suos, de prioratu de May cum pertinentiis 
dyocesis Sancti Andree infra regnum Scocie per cartam suam in liberam 
puram perpetuam elemosinam feofasset, ita videlicet quod iidem mon- 
achi et successores sui prioratui predicto per nouem de commonachis 
suis sacerdotibus pro anima prefati regis David et animabus predeces- 
sorum et successorum suorum regum Scocie diuina celebrantibus imper- 
petuum facerent deseruiri, et prefati monachi dicti monasterii succes- 
soresque sui prioratum predictum cum omnibus suis pertinenciis per 
feoffamentum huiusmodi semper pacifice tenuissent, quousque quidam 
Bobertus de Burghgate nuper abbas monasterii predicti, predecessor pre- 
dicti abbatis, prioratum predictum, dissencientemaioreetsaniore parte con- 
uentus sui, regeque inconsulto, venerabili patri Willelmo episcopo Sancti 
Andree alienauit, in Eegis preiudicium et exheredacionem dicti monas- 
terii manifestam. Cumque iidem procuratores seu attomati ad presen- 
dam dilecti et fideUs Regis Johannis regis Scocie accesserint et ipsum 
instanter et pluries requisierint quod ipsos iniurias ipsorum abbatis et 
conuentus curaret audire, et super peticione sua quam faciebant de 
' Orig. Record Office, London. 



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XC APPENDIX TO PREFACE. 

prioratu predicto com pertinenciis sibi facere ius et iusticie comple- 
mentum, offerentes se paratos docere de predicto iure ipsorum abbatis 
et conuentus in forma debita coram eodem rege. Idem rex habito 
processu diutino super premissis inter partes memoratas coram eo, pre- 
textii cuiusdam appellacionis conficte ab audiencia sua per prefatum 
Episcopum ad sedem apostolicam interiecte, eidem appellacioni miuus 
proinde defferens vt dicitur, et in ipso negocio vlterius procedere non 
curansy eisdem procuratoribus sen attomatis audiendam in hac parte 
contra iusticiam denegauit, propter quod iidem procuratores seu attor- 
nati nomine predictorum abbatis et conuentus, a juris defectu seu jus- 
ticie denegacione, a prefato rege ad regem vt ad superiorem ipsius 
regni Scocie dominum appellamnt, petentes et supplicantes per regem 
in sui defectum sibi iusticiam exhiberi, iuxta quod racione superioritatis 
domini quod in eodem regno habet rex ad se dinoscitur pertinere. 
Cum igitur prefatum Johannem regem Scocie per literas regis quas ei 
per vicecomitem Rex mandauit adiomauitque rex quod esset coram 
rege in quindenam sancti Martini, et eciam in octabis sancte Trinitatis 
ultimo preteritis vbicunque etc. responsuri super premissis prefatis ab- 
bati etconuentui, quibus eosdem dies assignauit rex coram se ad fSocien- 
dum et recipiendum similiter in eisdem quod justicia suaderet ; propter 
quod preceptum fuit vicecomiti quod literas regis predictas in propria 
persona sua prefato regi defferret et presentaret, sufficienti testimonio 
secum adhibito, et qualiter hoc precepto etc. scire fac. regem in oc- 
tabis sancte Trinitatis predictis, per literas suas distincte ac certificaret et 
aperte. £t vicecomes mandauit quod ad prefatum regem Scocie apud 
Lanark die Mercurii in festo sancte Scolastice virginis accessit, et per 
testimonium Johannis Comyn Alexandri de Balliolo Hugonis de Euere 
et Walteri de Camhowe tradidit et liberauit ipsi regi Scocie breue 
regis quod sibi inde venit, qui coram rege ad predictas octabas sancte 
Trinitatis venire non curauit ; proper quod tercio duxit rex prefatum 
regem Scocie coram se adiomandum per breve regis quod vicecomiti 
misit rex eidem regi Scocie ex parte regis deferendum ; propter quod 
iterum preceptum fuit vicecomiti quod in propria persona sua accederet 
ad regem Scocie predictum, et breue regis predictum de adiomando 
ipsum coram rege, hie scilicet a die Pasche in vnum mensem, sub testi- 



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APPENDIX TO PREFACE. XCl 

monio fidedignomm ad hoc idoneorum ei sine dilatione defferret pre- 
sentet traderet et liberet. Et modo predictas Johannes rex Scocie so* 
lempniter vocatus non yenit. Et vicecomes mandauit quod accessit 
apud Scone die Lone in crastino Pasche et in presencia Alexandri de 
Cheswyk Gerardi de Wesebrig Boberti de Creswell et Ade de Rowe 
tradidit et liberauit predicto domino Johanni regi Scocie breve 
domini regis Edwardi illustris regis Anglie iuxta tenorem in brevi con- 
tentom etc. Igitur preceptum est vicecomiti quod in propria persona sua 
accedat ad regem Scocie, et breve domini regis Anglie quod quarto ei 
mittitur de adiomando predictam regem Scocie quod sit coram domino 
rege Anglie a die sancti Michaelis in vnum mensem proximo futurum sub 
testimonio fidedignomm ad hoc idoneorum defferet presentet et liberet 
et qualiter etc. scire faciet Begem ad pre£atum terminum. Mandatum est 
etiam regi Scocie per breue domini regis Anglie quod ostenderet ad pre- 
fatum terminum quare non fuit coram domino rege Anglie in quindena 
sancti Martini, nee edam in octabis sancte Trinitatb, nee eciam a die 
Pasche in vnum mensem vltimo predictum sicut adiomatus fuit Et quod 
presumitur per permissa eta quod processus aliquis super premissis 
habitus fuit coram rege Scocie ante appellacionem predictam etc. man- 
datum est predicto regi Scocie, quod habeat ad pre£atum terminum re- 
cordum et processum predicta cum omnibus ea tangentibus etc. vt 
inspectis etc. fieri faciat dominus rex quod iustum fuerit etc. 



IL — GIFT by William, Bishop of St. Andrews, to the 
Canons of St. Andbews of an Annual Pension of 
Sixteen Marks, formeiiy payable by the Priory of May 
to the Monastery of Reading, dated 1st July 1318.^ 

Ukiversis sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentes litteras inspecturis, 
Willebnns miseracione diuina Sanctiandree episcopus salutem in Domino, 
Ad vniuersitatis vestre noticiam volunius peruenire quod cum omne 

* <>r.g IVnmyln<» T'hart'rs A'lv. Lib. 05, 1, 18.) 



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XCU APPENDIX TO PREFACE. 

jus monasterii de Beddyngis in Anglia quod habuit in prioratu de May 
et de Petynwem, in monasterium Sancti Andree omnimodo sit trans- 
latum, Dictusque prioratus predictotnonasterio de Reddyngis annuam 
pensionem sexdecim marcarum antiquitus solebat persoluere. Auctori- 
tate episcopali ordinamus, de consensu religiosi viri domini Martini nunc 
prions eiusdem prioratus, quod dicta pensio annua monasterio Sancti 
Andree de dicto prioratu de cetero persoluatur, ad duos cuiuslibet anni 
terminos, medietas videlicet ad festum sancti Martini in hyeme, et alia 
medietas ad festum Pentecosten, ad vsum pitancie canonicorum predict! 
monasterii Sancti Andree annuatim specialiter deputanda. In cuius 
rei testimonium sigillum nostrum presentibus est appensum, Datum 
apud Sanctum Andream in capitulo nostro die Jouis proxime post 
octavas apostolorum Petri et Pauli anno Domini M"" CCC° octuadecimo. 



III.— OBLIGATION by Henry, Bishop of St. Andrews, for 
Payment to the Canons of St. Andrews of £20 out 
of the Sequestrated Fruits of the Priory of May, 
dated 27th January 1415.^ 

Pateat vniuersis per presentes, nos Henricum miseracione diuina 
episcopum Sanctiandree firmiter obligari venerabilibus et religiosis viris 
priori et conuentui ecclesie nostre cathedralis Sanctiandree quod ipsi 
erunt fideliter persoluti per nos, de viginti libris vsualis monete Scocie, 
de fructibus sequestratis prioratus de Maya, infra sex menses pacificam 
possessionem piimi et immediati pacifici prioratus eiusdem immediate 
sequentes. Causa solucionis viginti librarum currentis monete Scocie 
tempore sequestracionis fructuum dicti prioratus nomine pensionis facte 
per dictos venerabiles religiosos viros priorem et conuentum religiosis 
et discretis viris domino Willelmo Nory et domino Jacobo de Halden- 
ston canonicis dicte cathedralis ecclesie nostre Sanctiandree, contenden- 
tibus super predicto prioratu de Maya. In cuius nostre obligacionis 

> Orig. Denmylne Chartei-s, Adv. Lib. (15, 1, 18.) 



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APPENDIX TO PUEFACE. Xcm 

fidem &L testonoiuiiiii, pveaentes litems sigilH nostn mimimiiie dozmuis 
robovmn, apod Sanctum Andream vioesbiio aeptuno die mensis Jannaiii 
anno Domini millesimo qnadiing^teflimo decimo qointa 



IV.— ANNEXATION of the Pmory of Pittkxwkkii to the 
Archbishopric of St. Andrews. — 1472.^ 

Sdctus episoopns, etc Ad perpetuam rei memoiiam, Uniuersalis 
ecdede n^imini, lic^ immeriti, disponente domino, presidentes, ad eA 
Ubenter intendimna, per qne ecdesns, presertim metropoUtanis insig- 
nibas, ac eis presidentibas personis, qnas in partem soUicitadiuis 
pastoraUs erocavit Altissimns, ne suscepte dignitatis decos rerom 
defectos obnnbilet, de oongme provisioms anxilio saccorratur. Dadnm 
feUds recordationis Panlos ps^ secundus, predecessor noster. Prior- 
atom de Petyveynne, sive de Maya, ordinis SancU Augustini, Sancti 
Andree diocesis, com omnibus ioribus et pertinentiis sois, ex certis tone 
expressis cansis, mense Archiepiscopali, tunc Episcopali, Sancti Andree, 
ad Titam dumtaxat venerabilis fratris nostri Patricii Archiepiscopi Sancti 
Andree oniri annecti et incorporari mandavit, certo desuper executore de- 
mandato ; ac volnit quod, cedente yel decedente ipso Patricio Archiepis- 
copo, tunc Episcopo, nnio, annectio et incorporatio predicte dissolute 
forent, ipseque prioratus in pristinum statum reverteretur, et per eandem 
dissolutionem yacare censeretur eo ipso, prout in litteris ipsius prede- 
cessoris desuper confedds plenius continetur. Et deinde, sicut exhibita 
nobis nuper pro parte dicti Patricii Archiepiscopi peticio continebat, 
eammdem litterarum executor predictus ad illarum executionem pro- 
cedens, earum forma senrata, unionem annexionem et incorporationem 
fecit antedictas, ipseque Patricius ArchiepiBcopus tunc Episcopus illa- 
rum vigore, dicti prioratus iuriumque et pertinentiarum predictorum 
possessionem extitit assecutus, ac illam ex tunc tenuit et possedit, prout 
tenet et possidet de presenti pacifice et quiete. Cum autem sicut 
eadem peticio subiungebat, pro eo quod nos nuper ex certis rationabili- 

* Theiner, Vetera Monumenta Hihenwrum et Scotorum ffistoriam Uluatranlia^ 
p. 468. RomsB, 1864. 



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XCIV APPENDIX TO PREPACK. 

bus causis, ecclesiam Sancti Andree in Metropolitanam totius regni 
Scotie duximus erigendam, quod non solum ipse Patricius sed etiam 
successores sui Aichiepiscopi Sancti Andree, qui pro tempore erunt, 
iuxta archiepiscopalis dignitatis decentiam maiora onera et expensas per- 
ferant,quam ante erectionem predictam perferre soliti forent, presertim in 
retinendo secum unum Episcopum, qui eis in regimine et administratione 
Archiepiscopalis iurisdictionis sufiragetur, ac suffraganeos et provinciam 
suam Archiepiscopalem cum decenti numero servitorum visitet^habeatque 
mensa Archiepiscopalis predicta redditus suos in diversis locis regni 
prefati, et pro illorum defensione necesse sit varios perferre labores, 
speretque prefatus Patricius Archiepiscopus, quod si unio, annexio et 
incorporatio predicte in perpetuum extenderentur, successores sui pre- 
dicti ex redditione dicti prioratus, pro petferendis oneribus predictis 
aliquod reciperent solleyamen: ac propterea pro parte dicti Patricii 
Archiepiscopi asserentis, quod dictus prioratus conventualis non est, 
et cellula seu cappella ecclesie prefate nuncupatur, et quod illius fructus 
redditus et proventus centum librarum sterlingorum secundum com- 
munem estimationem valorem annuum non excedunt^ fuit nobis humi- 
liter supplicatum, ut unionem, annexionem et incorporationem predictas 
in perpetuum extendere, aliasque in premissis eorumdem successorum 
suorum necessitati huiusmodi opportune consulere de benignitate apos- 
tolica dignaremur. Nos qui dudum inter alia voluimus, quod petentes 
beneficia ecclesiastica aUis uniri, tenerentur exprimere verum valorem 
beneficii, cui unio fieri peteraetur, alioquin unio non valeret, et quod 
semper in unionibus commissio fieret ad partes, vocatis quorum in- 
teresset, et idem voluimus, observari in confirmationibus unionum iam 
factarum, fructuum, reddituum et proventuum pro expresso haberi 
volentes, huiusmodi supplicationibus inclinati, litteras predictas pre- 
decessoris prefati, et illarum vigore factas unionem, annexionem et 
incorporationem predictas de dicto prioratu dicte mense, auctoritate 
apostolica tenore presentium in perpetuum extendimus et proro- 
gamus, ac volumus et eiusdem Patricii Archiepiscopi successoribus, 
qui pro tempore erunt, Archiepiscopis S. Andree prefata auctoritate 
concedimus, quod ipsi successores perpetuis futuris temporibus, dicti 
prioratus, iurinmque et pertinentiarum predictorum corporalem pos- 



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APPENDIX TO PREFACE. XCV 

seBsioiiem propria auctoriUte oontiniiaie, et einsdem priontos firactos 
ledditus et proveiitas, in snoe et meose usaa et utilitatem oonyertere, 
ac popetao retinere possint, cniuBvis lic^itia saper hoc mmime re- 
quisita^ in ommbns, per onmia^ perinde ac si predecessor pre&tos 
jnioratam ipsnm pre£Eite mense non ad vitam dicti Patridi Archi- 
episcopi, sed peipetao dicte mense uniri annedd et incorporari man- 
daasety et illamm vigore prioratus ipse eidem mense non ad vitam 
dicti Patricii domtaxat, sed p^petao canonice onitos annexus et 
incoiporatos ftdsset, decementes ex tunc irritnm et inane, si secos 
sopOT hiis a quoqoam qoavis anctoritate scienter vel ignoranter con- 
tigeret attemptari. Non obstantibos einsdem predecessoris et nostra 
volontate predictis, ac constitntionibos et ordinationibus apostolicis, nee 
non monasterii, vel alterius loci regolaris, a quo forsan prioratus ipse 
dependeat, et illius ordinis iuramento, confirmatione apostolica, vel 
quavis alia firmitate roboratis statutis et consuetudinibus, ac omnibus 
illis, que idem predecessor in dictis litteiis Toluit non obstare, ceterisque 
contrariis quibuscumque Proviso quod propter prorogationem et ez- 
tensionem predictas, dictus prioratus debitis non fraudetnr obsequiis^ 
sed illius congrue supportentur onera consueta. Nulli ergo etc nostre 
eztensionis, prorogationis, voluntatis, concessionis et constitutionis in- 
fringere etc Si quis etc Datum Bome apud Sanctum Petrum anno 
etc Millesimo CCCC. LXXIL undedmo kaL Januarii, Pontificatus 
nostri anno secundo. 



V. — ^PRECEPT by James, Commeitdatob of St. Andrews, for 
citing John, Prior of Pittenweem, to appear in the 
Chapter-House of St Andrews, and make due obedience to 
the CoMMENDATOR as his Superior, dated 15ih March 
1549.^ 

Jagobus permissione diuina prioratus monasterii Sanctiandree com- 
mendatarius perpetuus, Johannes Wynrame sacre theologie professor 

* Orig. Denmylne Charters, Adv. Lib. (15, 1, 18.) 



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XCVl APPCSDfX TO PREPACK. 

etoBdeni canomcos et sopprior, Dsvid Grnthre emsdan edam momBterii 
terans prior prefatiqne donnni commenHatMii comnnetim et divnim ad 
officimn mh^criptam commiaBarii gpedaliter constitiitiy d iippruiri pricHratu a 
de Pettynweym alias inanla vocati Maya, aen cmcanqoe ahai canonico 
dicti prioratiifl de Pettynweyme aea Sanetiandree sup^^ ftDpetrtione pre- 
aentium debite reqnisiti aahitem^ Vobia et vestrmn cmlibet atncte pra-- 
cipiendo mandamnfl, snb pena inobediencie et saspensioixis a diniiuB aesi- 
tende late in hia aeriptiii, viaia presentibiia, qnatemu dteda legittune 
venerabilem virom domimun JoannoD Rowll piioiem dicti pmwmtua de 
Pettynweyme primo 2^ 3*', et peremptorie, vnioo tamrai contezta pn) 
tripHci edicto, qnem no« tenore pres^itiimi (dtanma cpiod compare at 
coram nobis aen nostril depntatia plmibna aat vno in loco capitulari 
Sanetiandree, teieio die juridico dtatianem vestnun pnmme et inmie> 
diate seqnentem, hora intermedia ad dedmam ante mrarediem ant eodica 
ad faciendum et prestandnm debitom obedienciam nobi% tanqnam soo 
saperiori, jnxta tenorem primere eroctionis et fondationis <ficti prioratos 
de Pettynweyme, ac regaban dial Aognstini; anb pena snapenaHnds a 
dinnis, et aliis cenaoris ecdeaiaatieia, qoaa incmrere potest, sea potent 
ex jnris canonid diapoeitione et n^ole predicte. £t presentes debite 
execotas et indoraatas earondem latori re<idatis. Datum sab sigiOo 
secreto ea^[»tali nostri apad dictum nostrum moaasterinm Sanetiandree, 
xv** die mensia Martii, anno Domini I M t* xi nono. 

Deeimo sexto die mensia Martii, anno quo supra, ego domxmis WiQ- 
elmus Wilson, canonicua monasterii Sanetiandree, supraaeriptum Tenoa- 
bilem patrem dominum Joannem Rowll, priorem de Pettynweym per- 
sonaliter apprehensum, infra ecelesiam parochialem sanete Trinitatts, 
intra cinitalem Sanetiandree, secundum tenorem presentinm otaid coram 
magistris Wahero Fethe, Joanne Todrik, notariis puWids, Joanne CleA 
et diuersis aliis. 

Ita est dominns Willelraus Wilson executor presentium manu sua. 



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APPENDIX TO PREFACE. XCVll 



VI.— CHARTERS of ALIENATION, and other DEEDS 
relating to the Priory of May or Pittenweem. 

I. — CHARTER granting the Isle of May to Patrick Lermonth of 
Dersy, 30th January 1549.* 

Vniuersifi et singulis Sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quorum noticias 
presentes littere peruenerint, Johannes permissione divina Monasterii 
de Pettinweme prior, ordinis canonicorum regularium Sancti Augustini, 
Sanctiandree diocesis, Salutem in omnium Saluatore, Quia saluhriter per 
tres huius Regni Status parliamenti alias congregati ad puhlice politie 
in hoc regno incrementum, Et reddituum ecclesiasticorum stahilem et 
firmam augmentationem Statutum et Ordinatum sit, vt prelati huius 
regni, et ecclesiastice persone, predia et agros suis prelatiis et ecclesiis 
incorporata, ad vtilitatem earundem, colonis et aliis personis eiisdem 
possessionibus ad effectum suprascriptum vti volentibus, in Emphiteosim 
locare sen infeodare possint Cuius consideratione et intuitu, Noveritis 
nos, cum consensu et assensu nostri conuentus de Pettynweme ad hoc 
capitulariter congregati, vtilitateque dicti nostri monasterii pensata et 
considerata, Ac diuersis formis tractatibus et solemnitatibus de iure 
debitis, et in alienacione rerum ecclesiasticarum immobilium, sen in 
Emphyteosim concessione interuenire consuetis, prehabitis, pro incre- 
mento policie et certa stabili annuorum reddituum prefati nostri mon- 
asterii perpetuis futuiis temporibus augmentatione, Et ut deserte et 
inculte possessiones eiusdem ad culturam redigentur, Etiam pro certis 
summis pecuniariis per nos et conuentum nostrum in pecunia numerata 
receptis, Ac in usum et utilitatem nostros, et nostri monasterii con- 
uersis, Pro continua defensione prefati nostri monasterii, in maritimis 
regni oris siti, et pericula veterum nostrorum Anglie hostium, marinas 
inuasiones inductas per classes nauales subeuntis, Eoque intuitu etiam, 
quod terre subscripte. Insula de Maya nuncupata xmdique mare vasto 
circumfiise, et procul a nobis site, parum aut nihili certi prouisionis red- 
1 Regiatr. Chart, de Pittenweem, p. 241. 



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/'t > '• '?* ;*»^ -uriyrn r^ir^f^ ri?»iirt*ntiFifi» orrit/OTi .ndere lis "n ii>- 
V r-.p^r* ^"'^ ^*'f*m '\^ ur^^i^^fj^ v.^Jrf-^nna rjT^iiu^-iv rononno .ncmc-io- 

rt/'.-^rr^Tm '^t»t.r-*Tn^T|f/> r/fnuifU;)nti>il ntlinil MUVli cPTtttndilUaiL -IIIWtit -"Ttw 

f;/ ;; -"*,rf<*/*r-'r/'i '4nn''jr'im .nntiiinm m rprrinuiiiieni*< -^tenmatm nemm- 
■ ,»!« *f*r^tr/*i^r^i« c/m^AtT^fn •nT>*Tif-«Tw«r**ntiaBU Si 'ine inqiiam in 
j.<',*'r'r'M*n rn#*Tnr,nA *'i<^f iltr* raloT**m -nnnnaraiii ^npra jc iiii'i 11 11 
♦'4 rim /y/m[yn*^ri 'l^i»/m«*flt^ L'naiiinii <*onJwmfln et Tienim, .ieuise 
r* A/^nffAn**^**^ '^. aH tV/jHifirrnam -»«i *nnphit**n«m perpptnaia 'liznxsiaae, 
K' m/* fiiv^ntf r«ff « no^ra ^^rmf»rma«(^, rww non per ^jTPsentes •iam. 
//',T'//./irT'v *^ ;vf f<^'»Hifinnfttn -w^n *»Tnphit>»oaTTn 'limittere, et hae pmmu 
/*ir*fl rK^+rii ''Aftfinnar*', honors hi li viro P.*tri«o Lennontfat de Dobtsp, 
ay pr'^'):/»*i^/> rifiifftfj* .'^flnrtifltDrirw*, a« b^TftdihfiJi «««, pmerestu aeit prv 
Ar^r* nHi«, oiii^M* for*-^ d**fin^7itibn^, pmpnif[nioribiu agmtii. et lesim- 
mi<? h'^T^'iib'i* rf\%^^n\\n dvrti pAtrini qnihtumnqtm, Totom et inteecmi 
pTA/lirtfiTn fn^^ilmn d** M«y-i, in mari «t ora orxMitalu p«ta aqae <le 
P^ir+b, infr.1 vir/^ry>Tnitfttnm d^ Fyff, nnnr raAtAin, *»t vnituo^ befltna, sea 
f:Tintrfili% In ^piiVfii* pfvfl^na mn«d^rm percipiimtur et eoiimsti!re aolebsnt 
*)rr/»rinfftni, ^'tinKnljirii^ in *»A4^m ronwutentihiw at apparet irrecopen^ 
hWMf'f rV- '♦mrfi^ /f'^^w^rtftm, ^ ^tt hvmrmonihnii ae infmitatitmibaB An- 
^l/rtrtrm, vr-t^mm mimi^^/ymm 4<w/>lat«fn, Cniiu m «aiifl% in temponboi 
Ni'Ili nulla f?t pr'*ntat.i/> m^r/wll«?, mhahifjitiA vel enltnni Teomdnm €t 
frfih^fi/lfrm f/rtflffi H irit/^{(rrtm pr^li^rtam Inrnilam de 3{aja^ com jnribos 
fi^rtin^riAii^ f*i fn«^irn« f^^fatifl, Patri^^io liernKmth, et beredihos sois 



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APPENDIX TO PBEFACE. XOX 

8opr»dictis, de nobis et soccesBOcibas nostzis in feodifinna ft emphheosi, 
ae henditate, inperpetnom pro nt aoei in kngitodme ei ladtudine per 
oanes lecUs metas sums antiqiiis et dimas. In doinibiis, edificiis, cum 
jure patronatnsy dooadone, et iMhioaitioDe eocksie inibt site, donMidi Td 
pieaoitaiidi mnnn capdlannm, pro dininis oekbnuidis in dicta eeclesia» 
pto TenencMHie reiiqiuanun ae sepalcromm Sanct<mim infra dictam in- 
sokm aqmhonim, Et pro receptione pacgrinantiiim et snannn oUa- 
tioonm, proat solitom erat temporibas retroacds, et sp»^ annonnn 
immo intra memoriam hominam carBOTnm, Cum stationibas et portis 
oomibos et angaHs in dicta insula pro nambos ^ nanimlis et cjmbis 
oDQstis Tel inofuutiSy com earom bonis recqitendisy com cnnnicalis con- 
nicalarns oc^mnbis et oolnmbaiiisy boecb ^ planis, moris, maiesiiSy Tiis, 
semitis, aqnis, stagnis, nnaHs^ lacnbos, pntis, pasons et pastniis, moloi- 
dims ad granomm molaoonem, Tento, aqnave cireamagi solitis, com 
eoram mnltoris et BeqneBs, ancnpacionibas, venacicmibas, piscatiombas, 
carbonariis, petariis, bortisy pomenis, Tendariis, lapkadiis, lapide et calce, 
nemonbnSyTirgnltiB, genestiByCam cmiiB et eaiiim ezitibasyameraamentis, 
bfaidwytis, berkrfdis, ac mnliernm merchietis : Com Hbero introitn et 
exita: Cmn naidbiis, namcnllB et dmlns, in poitis dicte insole. £t 
jura que per naoiam et cymbanmi gobernatores debita leoari poteront, 
sibi et sois heredEbos leoanda et exigenda, et eorom vsibos applicanda, 
ac com omni pastora solita et oonsoeta^ Neoion com omnibos et sin- 
golis atiis joribaSy Hbertatibas, ccmunoditatibas, proficois, et aisiamentis, 
ac iostis sois pertinendis qoibosconqne, tarn non nominatis, qoam 
nominatiB, tarn sobtos terra qoam sopra terram, procol et prope, ad pre- 
dictam insolam et terras com pertmentiis spectantibos, sea ioste spectare 
yalentibos qoomodoUbet in fotorom, adeo libere, qoiete, plenarie, int^re, 
bonorifice, bene, et in pace, in omnibos, et per omnia sicot aliqoe terre 
eodesiastice in feodifirma sen empbiteosi dantor seo concedontor, aot 
dari et concedi poteront qoalitercanqne in fatorom; Sine retinemento, 
r^iocatione, contradictione, impedimento, aot obstacolo qooconqoe, abji- 
ciendo a nobis et soccessoribos nostris omne ins et ioris titolom, excep- 
tis nomine et jorisdictione monasteni nostri de Maya inde sic nonco- 
pari soliti, in signom soperioritatis eiosdem insole perpetois fotoris 
temporibos, et aliis ioribos seroitiis et redditibos inferius annotatis, 



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VoUUife B«CJ»:Vr T*:^zl SovlX:. SiCCIZ^ ^.Z.csi IClie pPCftrtiVlL isitfod*- 

tknetiL 'i»: dl-i^iia L&*3i^ 'f;:.>i pet' -I^ t pccrTL ITTttmy fin^r;! qiBdz»> 
^%?fila huLkivr::^ *ri:Lt#>n k-.o^v^ tac.-'«::d^ Tt£if^ «c cenjai azzmeoSft- 
tMMfli fina^ ^;ri<: pr^Cirrd ^vltrx/asotVM* zoeox^ JS£ Ep>baL act Bocao 

«>uk Dw^fiaetATio zk^>«tro l^jOZ^zII^ aaiiift pecito* aE=f«RsdbG£. d toDesti- 
haKy «ap«r exicre«oefrtia ti (pe tHa ex Lcf;un:aa mccxitu deprdicadi 
Yd de pretetito r<:l in fiitiira poc^rrit npftiCTt Et at q;wod in ciude»- 
ten fto«tn iKAMterii niliutem preteiis infeodado cerdsnae oedit, 
qttBM pco ioeerto oettam aaninnn coQceqajtizr ocmciodssL et cbmH- 
metttaoiy pliuqaaffl sinj^alit annk antea ex cifideoi tefru csm jnnbot €i 
pettiiKiKtu carmyiem no« ac predeceseores noetri perapiebaBsa, Una- 
cam ooodlio aaxilio a«A«tentia et (acore died Pamdi et beredim 
wiontm copn ccrif/tonim, temporibas nece^sanis et of N>rtiniiss jjngpfa 
aonis ei annnarim solneDdia, tamgnam debitam fizmam pro ciiadeni 
temay csm ttuibaji H pertineodi% ad festa Penthecoetes et Sancti mar- 
Uni in hjeoie, per equales mediaa poitioDea^ nomine feodifinne et cm- 
phtteom, Et esdmando iorta esdmatioDe consifiam fmarem et 
entiam dicti Patridi et herednm, ac cerdtodinem sohidonis dicte i 
oeto libnunm nomine proficm ante prenntem infeodacjonem de dkU 
Inaola quod peroepi potoit, una com gamma qnadiaginU 8ofid<»iim 
monete regni Scotic, in Ttilem angmentationem prc^cni pfedicd ; acedam 
qoilibet here* in sao introitn lolnet simi^icem finnam Tnins anni, absque 
Uunen preindido solndonia finne illins anni, in cms tenninis siqxascnp- 
til. Teneantor interea prefktns Patricias et heredea prescripd recq>ere 
qnaacunqae naaes mndcalas Tel dmbaa, onastas et Tacaaa, noetre dam- 
taxat baronie, obaeroandoqae eiia cmuiem Teterem libertatem Tiz. in 
anchoragiia et coBtonuSy Ita at babeant Ubernm introitom et exitom 
folito more, Ttendo occapando et exercendo 8oa rethea, ac lie lyniss, et 
omnia neceaaaria piacalia, sine obeiacalo, molestadone, Tel inqai^ndine, 
soper ternun dicte nostre insole, pro omni alio onere seroido secolari. 



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APPENDIX TO PREFACE. CI 

ezactione, questione, et demanda, que de dicta insula cum pertinentiis 
per quoscunque exigi poterunt vel requiri, seu quovismodo demandari, 
Et si dictus Patricius vel heredes predicti, deficerint in solntione annui 
census trium terminorum concurrentium, ipso facto cadet et cadent a 
jure huiusmodi infeodationis, necnon teneantur edificia reedificare in 
predicta insula, Eenunciando expresse per presentes omni actione nobis 
ac successoribus nostris, pro retractatione dicte locationis emphiteotice 
de jure scripto aut consuetudinario incumbentL Et quotiens contigerit 
nos aut aliquos successores nostros nostrumye conuentum seu yconomos 
aliquam controversiam ob quascunque causas, nisi ob defectum solutionis 
canonis, inimicitie vel rebellionis aduersus prefatum nostrum monas- 
terium, contra banc presentem infeodationem seu in empbiteosi conces- 
sionem mouere, quod eandem denuo in meliori et securiori forma 
renouare teneantur et obligentur, Quos etiam tenore presentium quan- 
tum est in nobis obligamus, omnesque tam juris quam facti defectus 
tollere, Et quoties retractari quod absit, eandem contigerit, toties ean- 
dem renouamus et redintegramus omni meliori modo forma pariter et 
effectUy Volumus etiam quod predictus Patricius et heredes non obliga- 
buntur ad aUa seruitia preterquam in presenti carta contenta^ Et nos 
vero Johannes prior antedictus Et successores nostri commendatarii 
seu priores de Pettinweme, et conuentus eiusdem loci, predictam insu- 
1am et terras cum juribus et pertinenciis, necnon presentem cartam 
nostram prefato Patricio Lermonth et heredibus suis predictis, in onmi- 
bus et per omnia, forma pariter et effectu, ut premissum est, contra 
omnes mortales varantizabimus et imperpetuum defendemus, promit- 
tendo non contravenire in futurum sub nostris juramentis corporaliter 
prestitis, In cuius rei testimonium huic presenti carte nostre manu 
nostra, et manibus dicti conuentus subscripte, Sigillum commune capi- 
tuli nostri est appensum, Apud Pettynweme, die penultimo mensis 
Januarii, anno domini millesimo quingentesimo quadragesimo nono. 



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Cll APPENDIX TO PREFACE. 

II.— LETTERS of PROTECTION and MAINTENANCE by the 
Prior and Convent of St. Andrews to the Prior and Con- 
vent of PnTENWEEM, dated 5th August 1560.^ 

Omnibus hoc scriptnm visuris vel audituris, Jacobus Commendatarius 
perpetuus prioratus Monasterii Sancti Andree, Et eiusdem loci conuen- 
tus, Salutem in domino sempiternam Quia alias venerabiUs pater 
Johannes Roull prior de Maya sen Pett3mwemey et conuentus eius- 
dem, fessi sunt se locum suum seu prioratum de Pettynweme ante- 
dictum, a multis retro annis fuisse et esse cellam obedientiam prioratus 
et monasterii nostri Sancti Andree, et ab ipso dependere debere, sicut 
filiam a matre, juzta tenorem vnionis eiusdem prioratus ad monasterium 
nostrum Sancti Andree olim per bone memorie Villelmum Eraser epis- 
copum Sancti Andree facte, renuntiauerantque pro se et suocessoribus 
suis in fauorem nostrum et nostri monasterii omnibus priuilegiis locali- 
bus et personalibus exempcionibus et indultis quibuscunque per se 
vel suos antecessores a sede apostolica et alias quouismodo impetratis, 
que nobis et nostre jurisdictioni super dictum prioratum de Pettyn- 
weme quoquomodo preiudicare potuerunt aut ob esse. Et quia preterea 
et perpetuis futuris temporibus renuntiauerunt sui proprii sigilli usui, 
nisi dumtaxat cum appositione nostri sigilli communis, Et nostro ac 
ipsorum superiori Jacobo Commendatario monasterii Sancti Andree pro 
se et successoribus suis fecerunt, et quilibet eorum fecit manualem et 
realem ac regularem obedientiam, juxta regulam diui patris nostri 
Augustini, prout in inde confectis litteris plenius continetur, Quaprop- 
ter, NoveritiB nos vnanimi consensu et assensu, prefatum prioratum de 
Pettynweme, Johannem priorem modemum, et conuentum eiusdem, eor- 
umque successores, necnon eorum vassallos, tenentes, amicos, seruos, fami- 
liares, ecclesias, villas eorum et terras, ac loca quecunque eiis pertinentia, 
fructus, redditus, firmas, decimas et canas, ac piscationes seu piscaturas, 
universaque alia et singula emolumenta, eidem prelatui concementia, sub 
nostra protectione defensione et manutenentia suscepimus speciali, 
sicque ipsorum negotia tanquam nostra reputabimus, ipsos et eorum 

^ Registr. Chart de Pittenweem, p. 264. 



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APPE2n>IX TO PSBFACE. CUl 

bona predicU scat not et nostra bona defiaidemiis, idqae secundum 
juris pemuBBioDeai, et dmnmodo nobis et sacoessoribos nostzis amki 
permanserint et fiddes, Insnpo' nos Jacobus C<Hnmendatarhis ante- 
dictm ^Bcaoto* et com effectu boitabimos nobiles et Tenefabfles 
dominos, Jaeobom de Melross et Kellso, Bobertnm de Ha]«iidboiiss» et 
Johannem de Coldingfaam, leepetdwe OHnmendatarios, JacoU qointi 
Sootomm regb semptf innicti filios, ac fratres nostros gennanos, ad 
shmUter dAfeadftndmn ac manntesendmn dictom pricH^ran et oonnentnni, 
qnonnn loeom et ]»iantiim, aeniosy amioos, et familiaresy ac cminiaet sin- 
gala bona snpndkta, eidem pri<»atiii spectantia In qaomm omnium 
fidem et testimoninm SigiUmn oommune CapitoU nostri presentibus 
est appensmn, afud dictmn nostrum numasteriom Sanctiandree, qmnto 
die mensiB Angnsti, anno domini millesimo qoingentesimo quinqoa- 
gesimo. 



in.— GRANT of PENSIONS by James, Commkndator of St. An- 
drews, to James Boull, John Eoull, Wiluam Roull, and 
NiNiAN Roull, dated 5th August 1550.' 

UniversiB et singulis Sancte Matris ecclesie filiis, ad quorum noticias 
preseutes littere peruenerint, Jacobus commendatarius perpetuus prio- 
latus Sancti andree et eiusdem loci conuentus, Sainton in domino 
sempitemam, Noueritis nos unanimi consensu et assensu ad hoc capi- 
tulariter congregatos, caritatis intuitu, et matura deUberatione prehabita, 
dedisse concessisse, tenoreque presentium dare et conoedeie dilectis nos- 
tris deiids seu scolastids et studentibus, Jacobo roull, Johanni roull, 
Yillehno roull, et Niniano roull, pro eorum victu et vestitu supportando, 
et ut sustententur ad scolas, ac euadant in Tiros doctos, unam annuam 
pensionem ducentarum mercarum vsuaUs monete regni Scotie, semper 
et quousque per nos prouisum eiis fnerit de beneficiis tanti valoris, eo 
quo sequitur modo viz. dicto Jacobo unam annuam pensionem octua- 
ginta mercarum monete predicte, donee per nos sibi fuerit prouisum de 
beneficio octuginta mercarum Et unicuique aliorum trium viz. Johanni 

1 Registr. Chart, de Pittenweem, p. 265. 



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CIT APPENDIX TO PREFACE. 

Willelmo et Niniano, unam annuam pensionem quadraginta mercarum, 
donee eiis respectine prouisom per noe fuerit de bursariiB quadraginta 
mercanim, Extendentes in integro ad prefatam siunmam ducentarom 
mercanun, Soluendas annuatim eiisdem respectine ut supradictnm est, per 
manns camerarii nostri pro tempore ezistente, ad duos anni terminos 
consuetos, festos viz. Penthecostes et Sancti Martini in hyeme, per equales 
medias porciones, Et huiusmodi pensionibus, antea adepta bursaria per 
nostrum camerarium ut prefertur persolutis, eundem camerarium de 
eiisdem, durante e^tio predicto, per presentes ezoneramus, et eosdem in 
annuis nostris computis sufficienter allocabimus, exhibitis nobis per pre- 
sens super solucione harum pensionum, eorum acquittanciis et supra 
compotum ostensis, Termino vero introitus dictorum Jacobi Johannis 
Yillelmi et Niniani in et ad prefatas pensiones annuas respectine supra 
specificatas incipiendo et inchoando eo die quo dictus dominus commen- 
datarius, sen alius quivis canonicus monasterii nostri Sancti Andree pre- 
dicti, per prouisionem apostolicam, et resignationem venerabilis Johannis 
Soull, nunc prions de Pettynweme adeptus fuerit, institutionem pacifi- 
cam et realem possessionem totius et integri dicti prioratus de Pettinweme 
cum [omnibus] et singulis suis pertinentiis, Et ezinde duran. semper 
et quousque prefatis personis respective de beneficiis ut supra dictum 
est provisum fuerit et non diutius, sic quod ubi aliquis eorum adeptus 
fuerit beneficium, ad valorem annuam sue pensionis respectine, statim 
et immediate cessabit illius pensio Nosque et successores nostri de 
cetero liberi erimus a solucione huius pensionis, prouiso tamen quod 
predictus Jacobus Johannes Yillelmus et Ninianus contenti erunt de 
competenti victu et vestitu, eiisdem per dictum dominum commendata- 
rium prouidendis, recompensacione suarum pensionum respective sem- 
per et quousque attingerent et eorum quilibet attingat vigesimum etatis 
sue annum, Eeddendo inde annuatim dictus Jacobus Johannes Yillelmus 
et Ninianus nobis et successoribus nostris deuota oracionum snfiragia 
In cuius rei testimonium presentibus manu dicti Commendatarii sub* 
scriptis, Sigillum commune capituli nostri Monasterii Sanctiandree pre- 
dicti est appensum Apud idem monasterium nostrum Sanctiandree, 
quinta die mensis Augusti, anno domini millesimo, quingentesimo, quin- 
quagesimo. 



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APPENDIX TO PREFACE. CT 



IV. — CHABTEB by John, Pbior of Pettynwkme, in £eivoiir of 
Cbjbtina HowESOUNEy of a T^iement, with Garden and Piece 
of Ground, in Anfitrather, west of Uie Bom, dated 7th Feb. 
1540. (B^istr. Chart de Pittenweem, p. 77.) 

Attached to this Charter in the Blister is the following Act of 
Court, written on a page of foolscap paper : — 

Cniia tenta in aula de Pettinweme, die dedmo terdo mensLs 
mail anno domini Im t* & li, per honorabilem Tinun 
Tli<Hnam Rnychtsoon, balliumn depatatom honorabilis 
Tliome Scott, balHai principalis baronie de Pettinweme, 
curia affirmata, et sectiB vocatis. 

The qtdiilk day comperit Androw howesonne, and thair desirit be 
interioqnitour of Court and manifest probacioun, till be recognosdt 
nerrest agnat to umquhill Cristen Howesonne, the spouse of umquhill 
Jhone Thomsoune, quhare throw hie may suoceid jusUie till ane tene- 
ment yard and the pertinence, liand thare to, lyand within the town 
of Anstrothir upoun the vest syd of the bum, the tenement of Robert 
broun at the vest^ and the tenement occupeit be Andrew Wilsone at 
the est, in the quhilk tenement yard and pertinentis, the said Cristen 
Howiesoun deid feft and sesit 

The quhilk day comperit rycht honest personis Schir Jhone Myd- 
lar chaiplene, Thomas Smart, Jhone liGllar, Syman Mill, Tliome Broun, 
Alexander Howiesoune, Andrew Smytht, and Andrew Davsoune, and 
swome be the halie ewangelles and thare pairt of paradise till declare 
the vmte say far as thai kennyt and suld be sperit at thame. 



DePOSITIONES TESnUM SUPRASCRIPTORUM. 

Item in primis Schir Jhone Midlar comperit, and swome be the 



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CVl APPENDIX TO PREFACE. 

halie ewangelis, that the said Andrew Howiesoune wsuss the lauchtfull 
sone of umquhill Andrew Howiesoune, quha wass brother germane to 
Gristene Howesoune, the spouse of umquhill Jhone Thomsoun in An- 
strothir, and quhedder he Suld succeid to ony land thair throw, he re- 
ferrit till fordir evidences and sycht of Chartouria. 

Thonoas Smart comperit, and maid the gret aitht, that Andro Howe- 
soune wass the sonne of umquhill Andrew Howesoune, the brothir 
germane to umquhill Gristene Howesoune, the spouse of umquhill 
Jhone Thomsoune in Anstrothir. 

Symon Myll juratus, diligenterque examinatus, deponit ut in suo 
juramento, ut supra. 

Andrew Dauesoune comperit, et juratus diligenterque examinatus in 
suo juramento, deponit ut supra. 

Thomas Broune eodem tempore juratus, deponit ut supra. 

Alexander Howesoune juratus et diligenter examinatus, deponit ut 
supra. 

The quhilk day the said Andrew Howesoune, becauss that Besse 
Lyndsay, Andrew Thomsoune, Alexander Thomsoune, wald not compeir 
as thai war lauchtfuUe sowmond to compeir, one to the said day and 
place, and till bring witht thame all evidentis, chartouris, seoingis, docu- 
mentis, pertenand on to umquhill Gristene Howesoune, the spouse of 
Jhone Thomsoune, wass uponn the tenement yard and pertinence liand 
in Anstrothir as said is, the quhilkis ar in thair keping be uertu of 
executores on to Jhone Thomsoune, quhay hed thame in his keping in 
the tyme of his deceiss, the said Andrew Howesoune did causs the 
maister of the regester of the priore of Pettinweme callit Dene Berale 
Forman till bring witht hym and produce in jugement the regester buik, 
in the quliilk wess contenit ane chartour be the said Gristene Howe- 
soune to hir and hir airis or assigneis, of my lord piyouris of Pettin- 
weme and his conwent, de dato septimo die mensis Februarii anno 
domini millesimo quingentesimo quadragesimo, of the specifiit houss 
yardis and the pertinentis. 

The quliilk day the said Andrew Howesoune be interloquitour of 
the haill court, and manifest probacioun, wes recognoscit narrest agnat 
to Gristene Howesoune his fader, and the juge interponit his decreit 



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APPENDIX TO PREFACE. CVU 

and delyuerance thair intill, upoune the quhilkis the Said Andrew Howe- 
soiine desirit actis, instrumentis, and docomentia 

Ita est magister Joannes Forman scriha curie teste manu 
propria. 

V. — CONTRACT between the Prior and Convent of Pittenwbem, 
and the Prioress and Convent of Elcho, dated 4th June 
1552. In witnes, &e. at Pettynweme, 4 June 1552.^ 

Be it Kend till aU mene be thir presentis, vs Jhone be the pennis- 
sionn of God prior of Pettynweme, witht express consent and assent of 
our conwent cheptourlie gadderit, for certane racionable caussis movand 
us^ and for soumes of mone pait to us as is ouer wrett3me, be venerable 
aDd religiouse wemene, Eufeme Leslie Priores of Elcho, and conuentual- 
lis of the samjn, to haif dischergit and renuncit, and be the tenour of 
thir presentis, dischargis and renuncis all actiounis pleyis, contraverseis, 
and sentenssifl, or decrettis quhatsumeuir, obtenit be us aganis the said 
priores and conuentualis, befoir quhatsumeuir juge or jugis, spirituall or 
temporell, and specialie befoir the officiall of Sanctandrois principell and 
jugisy deligates to our haly fSader the paip, and in that pairt, twcheing 
the teynd schawes of Cottis ^ith thair pertinentis, and be the tenour of 
thir presentis, consentis that the said dame Eufame prioress and con- 
uentuallis of Elcho haif the saidis teynd schawis of Cottis, witht thair 
pertinentis quhatsumeuir, bruke and joyss and posseid the samyn as 
thai did befoir, for ten merkis of money of this realme, to be payit to us 
the said Johnne prior of Pettinweme and conuent of the samyn, and our 
sacoessorris prioiis and conuent of the samyn, conforme to thair auld 
evidentis and Indultis thai haif thairvpoun . . . and be the ten- 
our of thir presentis, dischargis and ezemis the said prioress and hir 
conuentnallis, of the samyn, and of all Vtfaer soumes of money or pleyis 
quhatsumeuer, precedent the dait of thir presentis for now and everT^ 

^ R<fgiHtr. Chart de Pittenweem, p. 301. 



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< 



CVm APPENDIX TO PREFACE. 

VI. — ^TACK of the Priory of Pittenweem in favour of James, Com- 
MENDATOR of the PRIORIES of St. ANDREWS and Pittenweem 
for nineteen years, dated 2d September 1552/ 

Be it kende till all men be thir present letteris, us Jhone be the per- 
mission of god Ysufructuar of the priory of Pettynweme, and oonuent of 
the samyn, and with express consent and assent of ane venerabill fiideris 
the cheptour of the abbay of Sanct Androis our superioris, To haif 
sett, and for ferme and mail lattyne, and be the tenor heir of settis 
and for ferme and nudll lattis to ane reuerend fader in god James, 
commendatour of the prioriis of Sanctandrois and Pettynweme, all 
and haill our place and priory of Pettynweme, with all profittis 
emolimentis and commodituis pertenyng or that ony way may perteyn 
tharto, with the haill personaige and vicariage of our paroche Kyrk of 
Anstrother, te3md scheiffis, fyschingis, fysche, and other oblacionis and 
emolimentis thairof, with the personage of our Kyrk of the Rynde, and 
all otheris commodituis and profittis pertenying thairto, and als the 
haill profittis, maillis, fermes, siluer, and witellis, and all other deweteis, 
togydder wyth cayne caponis, guis, cunyngis, pultreis, and foulis, and 
with all other dewetuis, baith of our barrony and landis of Pettynweme 
and Rynde, and als the 111 of May, with the haill pertinence, teynd salt, 
custummes, vnlayis, baith of our thoune antl pannis and barrony forisaid, 
with all other dewetuis, profittis, and commoditeis, pertenyng or that 
ony maner of way may perteyne to said priory and place of Pettyn- 
weme, outhir be propertie or outhir casualiteis quhatsumeuir. To be 
uptakyn, joysit, lyftit, and broukit be the said James, commendatour, his 
factouris or subtennentis, for all the da3ris termes and space of nynteyne 
yeris nyxt and immediatlie following the entre of the said James 
commendatour thairto, the quhilk entre to the said coill hewes, cayn, 
and teynd salt, and to the place of Pettynweme, sal be at the fest 
of Sanct Michaell immediatlie following the dait heirof, and to the 
remanent and resideu of the haill priory foirsaid, with the pertinente, 
at the fest of the Supper of our Lord callit otherwayis Schyre furesday 
next heireftir, in the yeir of god &c. fyftie thre yens, and sua to indure 
^ Registr. Chartr. de Pittenweem, p. 300. 



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APPENDIX TO PREFACE. CIX 

ay and qohill the said space of nynteyn yeris be fullelie and compleitlie 
fdrthtcummyn, the said James commendatour, his factouris or sub- 
tennentis, payand and delynerand to us Jhonne, usafractuaf*foirsaidy and 
to our fSeu^nris, for the fructis, renttis, profittis, emolomentis, place, and 
deweteis of the said priory quhatsumenir, yeirlio and firelie within 
the Cyttie of Sanctandrois, during the said space of nynteyne yeris, 
the soume of four hundreth, poundes gud vsuall mone of Scotland, 
togidder witht twentie fyif chelderis of wittelis, viz. tua chelderis of 
quheit, sax chelderis of bair, four chelderis and aucht boUis meill, tuelff 
chelderis and aucht bollis aitis, to be paitt at four termes in the yeir be 
equal proportionis, viz. at the festis of the Inuentioun of the Croce, 
Lammes, Alhallowmes, and the Purificacioun of our Ladie, and begyn- 
nande the first termes of siluer payment, at the fest of the Inuencioun 
of tiie Croce in the fyftie thre yeiris, and the first term of payment of 
victuallis begynnand at the fest of alhallowmess in the samyn yeir, and 
sua tyll indur, yeirlie and termlie, ay and quhill the said termes and 
space of xiz yeres be fullie and compleitlie togidder fiurtht cummyng 
And attour the said James, commendatour sal bait, repair, and vphald 
the said Abbay and place of Pettinweme sufficientlie, during the saidis 
space, and als sail susteyne and vphald the conwent of the samyn in 
mone and victuallis, logeing and vthir thingis necessar, as thai haif now 
presentlie, and conforme to thair chartour quhilkis thai haif of us, and 
confermyt be my lord Archebischop of Sanctandrois, and his cheptour, 
our superioris, and alsua becauss we haif sett and be thir presentis settis 
to the said James, commendatour, all and haill our place and palice and 
priory of Pettynweme, with the pertinence foirsaidis, the said James 
is and sail be contentit that we haif the vse of his palice of Petlaithy, 
with the yardis and orchartis of the samyn, quhen we sail think expe- 
dient to mak residence thairintill, and we sail haif the said palice als 
Weill reperallit without and within at our levyng thairof, as we fynd 
the samyn at our entres thairto, vtensile and domicile with utheris 
necessares quhatsumeuir, and sail nocht annalie nor put away onything 
thairof during the said space aboune wrettyn, and the foirsaid victuallis 
and mone to be pait at termes aboune wrettyn, with sustentatioun of 
the place and conwent of Pettinweme, and vse of the said place of Pet- 



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ex APPENDIX TO PREFACE. 

lethie, aUanerlie to be sufficient for all othir deweteis ezactioone or clame 
that may be askit be us, or oonwent of Pettinweme, fra the said James, 
commendatour, his factouris or snbtennentis, for this locatioune of the 
frutes of the said priory, during the space termes and yeris foir said, 
and we forsoutht the said Jhone vsofructuar and conwent of Pettin- 
weme sail warrand acquit and defende this present our assedadoun 
during the space of ziz yeris in all poinctis, passes, and clausis above 
exprymit, to the said James, Commendatour, his factouris and subten- 
rentis aganis all deidlie In witness of the quhilk thing, to thir pre- 
sentis subscriuit with oure handis, our seill togidder witht the oom- 
moun seill of the Abbay of Sanctandrois, our Superioure, in signe and 
takyne of thair consent, heir to is houngyne at Pettynweme and Sanct- 
androis, the secund day of September, in the yeir of god jm v" fyftie and 
tua yeris, befoir thir witnes Maister Eobert Yillrie, Sir Thomas Smyth 
Thomas Smart, Maister Jhone Eettray, et david Spens, notaiiis publids. 



VIL— GRANT of a PENSION by James, Cobdiendator of St. 
Andrews and Ptttenweem, to Janet Bowll, dated 1st 
November 1552.* 

Omnibus hoc scriptum uisuris aut audituris, Joannes vsufructuarius 
prioratus de Pettinweme, et eiusdem loci conuentus, Salutem in domino, 
Noueiitis nos capitulariter congregatos, cum ezpressis consensu et assen- 
su reverendi in Christo patris ac domini Jacobi Commendatarii per- 
petui monasteriorum Sanctiandree et Pettinweme et cum consensu 
capituli dicti monasterii Sancti Andree, dedisse concessisse presencium 
que tenore, dare et concedere dilecte oratrici et soroii mee, Jonete EowU 
durante vita nostra, quatuor hollas farine auenatice, et vndedm boUas 
ordei, leuandas annuatim per manus dicti domini Commendatarii, ant 
eius camerarii, de integris fructibus et firmis prioratus de Pettinweme, 
quosquidem integros fructus et firmas idem dominus commendatarius 
de nobis habet in assedacione, pro spatio decem et nouem annorum, ad 
duos anni terminos consuetos, festos viz. Penthecostes et Sancti Martini 
^ Registr. Chart, de Pittenweem, p. 308. 



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APPENDIX TO PREFACE. CXI 

in hieme, per equates medias portiones, unacum sumina quinque librarum 
Ysualis monete regni Scotie annuatim in dictis terminis [etc.] Yolumus 
tamen quod prefata Joneta post obitum nostrum et decessum, loco dicte 
sumnie quinque librarum et yictualium, habeat de fructibus prefatis, an- 
nuatim ut predicitur, summam quadraginta mercarum eiusdem monete 
Scotie, durante toto tempore vite sue, et post eius obitum huiusmodi 
summa quadraginta mercarum reuertatur et persoluatur annuatim 
Jacobo KowU consanguineo nostro, semper et quousque sibi prouisum 
fuerit per dictum dominum Commendatarium de beneficio tanti valoris, 
viz. quadraginta mercarum, quo adepto et prouiso, cessabit omnino et 
expirabit huiusmodi pensio, Reddendo inde annuatim dicta Joneta 
nobis et successoribus, et dicto monasterio Sancti Andree pro toto tem- 
pore yite sue deuota orationum sufiragia tantum, In fidem vero et tes- 
timonium omnium predictorum, presentibus, manibus nostris et dicti 
domini Commendatarii subscriptis, sigillum nostrum, una cum sigillo 
communi capituli Sancti Andree, in signum eorum consensus et assen- 
sus, ad premissa sunt appensa, apud Pettinweme et Sanctandros respec- 
tive, primo die mensis Nouembris, anno domini millesimo quingen- 
tesimo, quinquagesimo secundo. 



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ROTULUS CARTARUM ET MUNIMENTORUM 
SCOCIE/ 

1. Carta Regis David de donaciane Manerii de Petmwem. ^^ 

2. Carta Regis David de Rindelgros 

3. Carta Regis David de ana Tofta in Berewicke 

4. Carta Regis David de libertate Tolnei 4 

5. Confiimacio Regis Maleolmi de Pitnewem et Inueryn 5 

6. Carta Regis Midoolmi de decima de Ryndelgros 5 

7. Carta Regis Maleolmi de decima piscarie circa Insulam de May 6 

8. Carta Regis TFiUelmi de libertate tolnei et consnetudims, 

9. Seriptvm Johannis de Haya quondam vicecomtis de Fyf de 

Inqmsicume facta per eumdem de secta mowuhorwn de May 
in curia Regis. 

10. Confirmacio Regis Willekni de donacione Regum David et 

Maleolmi ...... 7 

11. Carta Johannis filii Michaelis de una terra juxta Caluer- 

bume et una acra prati et pastura aueiiorum in Pan- 
cheles ...... 16 

12. Carta ejusdem Johannis de quadam terra juxta Groselawe 15 

13. Carta Nesii de Londoniis de parte Wasti sui juxta Redeho. 

14. Carta ^tisdem Nesii de quadam terra juxta Goselawe. 

15. Confirmacio Comitis Fatricii de terra juxta Kaluerbume et 

pastura, 

16. Carta Bernard Frascr de terra de Dremschele. 

17. Confirmacio Roberti de Londoniis de Lyngokes 12 

18. Confirmacio ecclesiarum facta per W[illelmum] quondam Epis- 

copum Sa/ncti Andree. 

19. Consensus Prioris et Capitvli Sancti Andree de eadem confir- 

macione. 
1 For a description of this Roll, see p. Ixv. The entiies printed in italics describe 
charters which have not been discovei-ed. The others indicate the deeds now printed. 



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ROTULUS CASTAltrX ET MUNDfSNTORrM SCOCIS. CXm 



20. CarU Colitis Pjitrkai de tern juxU liHiidediins 

21. Carta Makolmi Cod de terra de Crxmebriggis 

22. Carta GOeberti de Berewe de terra de Hora de Berewe 

23. Carta Eggoa Bnfi de terra jnxta riimliim de Lyngokes 

25. Carta Gospatrim Comitis de tma tofta jwda jfortum de Bek. 

26. Carta Pahim dmMs de V. aeris terre jwda partwn de Bele. 

24. Carta Johaonis de Dundemor militis de terra de Turbrekes 

27. Ordinacio fi^ta per dominnm W[illdmiim] quondam 

^nBcopom Sancti Andree inter monachos de May 
et Dominnm Henricum de Dnndennn^ snper contro- 
versia cnjnadam fidelitatis fiudende pro terra de Tor- 
Inekes ...... 

28. Compodcio cnjuadam terre in Briggate 

29. Compodcio cajnsdam iL marcaram in Berewike 

30. Dedsio a^Msdam Hits de dedma pUcarie tn portu SaneH 

Andree, 

31. Compodcio de dedma piscarie in porta de Lynestrother 

32. Carta B^is David de dedmis de Perth . 

33. Confirmado B^ib Alezandri de Dremsdiele 

34. Confinnado B^ib Al^andri de Lingoges 

35. Carto B^ DaTid de Terra de BalgaUy . 

36. Confinnado Malcofani B^is de d(madone B^is David 

37. Scriptnm B^is Willelmi de dedma piscarie drca Insnlam 

de May ..... 

38. Carta B^ib Willefani de acqnietadone Cani et tolnei 

39. Carta B^ib Willefani de acqnietadone ezcerdtos et omm 

expedidone ..... 

40. Confinnado B^is Willelmi de Borgo de Berwike 

41. Carta Begis JFillelnd de eommunume nemoris de Klacmanan, 

42. Carta B^pus Willelmni de licenda emendi et vendendi 

43. Carta Dunekani dmitis de Fyfe de acguietadane excerdtns. 

44. Confirmado Ele de terra de Berewe, 

45. Compoddo inter monachos de May et Adam filium Philippi 

de Berewik ...... 



Pagb 
14 

33 

18 



20 



21 
23 
29 



32 
4 

13 

12 

2 

6 

11 
11 

10 

8 

11 



27 



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CXIT ROTULUS CARTARUM ET MUNIMENTORUH SCOCIE. 



Paqr 



46. Composicio inter monachos de May et Dunekanum super 

tractu retium in aqna de Teye .29 

47. Composicio inter Abbatem de Scona et piiorem et mon- 

acos de Mali ..... 30 

48. Quoddam seriptum quod intituiaiur oonserFatores. 

49. Finalis cancordia in[ter] Joharmem de Dundemor d monachos 

de May super cordroversia de terra de Turbrekes. 

50. Confirmado de Marham de terra de Berewe, 

51. Composicio Johannis de Dundemor de terra de Turbrekes . 19 

52. Carta eonvenius de Dunfermelyn de dedmis de BalgaUy. 

53. Carta WUUlmi de Camera de iij. libris cere in Hadingtone, 

54. Carta Johannis de JFiggemore de predictis iij. libris cere. 

55. Carta Alexandri Cumjn Comitis de Buchan de j. pecia cere. 

56. Seriptum conservaiorum Anglie directum Regi Akxandro. 

57. Quieta damanda domini Badulphi de Lascele de terra de 

Fausside. 

58. Quedam composido inter monachos de May et vicariuni de Kard 

de tota terra de BerewCy de qua composidone due sunt 
litere. 

59. Litera Gamditd Episcopi Sandi Andree de libertate tolnd d 

consududinis. 

60. Carta Willelmi de Beauer de quadam terra Ardarie 17 

61. Carta Willelmi Begis de terra de Pethtoter .10 

62. Duo privikgia Alexandri Pape, de immunitate d libertate 

domus Badinges cum possessionibus suis apud Leomenestriam 
d Scodam. 

63. Quedam composicio inter monachos de May et Nicholaum 

Pincemam de quibusdam consuetudinibus in ecclesia del 
Bynd ...... 34 



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TABULA MUXIMEXTORCM IN APPEXDICE. 



Placitiim Abbatis de Bading de pnoratu de May 
Peticio Abbatis .... 



Paor 
Ixxxv 
Ixxxvi 



Rex 



dtatar ad 
Bading 



respondendum super appellatione Abbatis 



. lxxx^ni 



Pladta coram domino r^ apud Cestriam anno regni Edward I. 

xxiiL ...... Ixxxix 

Gift by TVUliam, Bishop of St Andrews, to his Canons of an 
annual pension out of the Priory of May, dated Ist 
July 1318 ...... xci 

Obligation by Heniy, Bishop of St Andrews, for £20 out of 

the sequestrated fruits of the Priory of May xcii 

Annexation of the Priory of Pittenweem to the Archbishopric 

of St Andrews ..... xciii 

Precept for citing the Prior of Pittenweem xcv 

Charter of the Isle of May to Patrick Lermonth xcvii 

Letters of Protection by the Prior of St. Andrews to the Prior 

of Pittenweem ..... cii 

Grant of Pensions by James, Commendator of St. Andrews, to 

James Boull and his Brothers ciii 

Note of a charter of a Tenement in Anstruther by the Prior of 
Pittenweem to Cristina Howesoune, with relative Act 
of the Court of the Barony of Pittenweem cv 

Contract between the Prior of Pittenweem and the Prioress of 

Elcho ...... cvii 

Tack of the Priory of Pittenweem in favour of James, Com- 
mendator of St Andrews and Pittenweem cviii 

Grant of a Pension by James, Commendator of St. Andrews, 

to Janet Bowll ..... ex 



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CHARTERS 



PRIORY OF THE ISLE OF MAY. 



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CARTE 
PRIORATUS INSULE DE MAY. 



10iot Cart. 35 Ilito* 5* |to* 31, per Xmptximm. 
[De Rindelgros.] 

Pro Abbate de Redjmges. Rex Archiepiscopis, etc. Salutem. Inspexi- 
mus cartam Davidis quondam Eegis Scotie quam fecit Deo et 
Ecclesie Sancte Marie et Conventui de Redinges in hec verba : — 

1' JJaYID Dei gratia Rex Scotie yenerabilibus fratribus et amicis 
E. Abbati et domino Briencio totique conyentui de Redingis sal- 
utem et dilectionem. Anime mee meonimque saluti proyidens et 
vestris necessitatibus caritatis intuitu subveniens dono et concedo 
Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie et conyentui de Redingis Rindalgros 
per illas diyisas per quas ^o ipse sed et Willelmus GifTard Her- 
bertus Camerarius ceterique homines mei periyimus ad yestrum 
opus. Hanc itaque predictam yillam pro salute anime mee ante- 
cessorum et successorum meorum yobis et successoribus yestris in 
perpetuam elemosinam dono et concedo ita liberam et quietam 
et ab omnium hominum calumpnia absolutam in tends aquis et 
piscariis sicut aliqua Abbatia in regno meo donationes suas et 
possessiones liberius et quietius tenet et habet Hac demum 
consideratione ut si ^o yel heredes mei predicte donationi tantum 
diyina inspiratione adderemus unde conyentus posset sustentari 
predicto loco conyentum destinetis qui de beneficiis illis necessaria 
habeat Reliquum yero utilitati et disposition! yestre concedimus. 
Presentibus testibus fratre Willelmo Gifiardo Gaufndo Abbate de 
Dunfermelin Edwardo Cancellario Waltero de Bydun Nicolao 

B 



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2 CARTE PRIORATUS INSULE DE MAY. 

clerico Dunecano Comite Hugone de Moreyill Herberto Camerario 
Waltero de Lindesie Leod de Brechin apud Dunfermelin. 

[De una Tofta in Berewike.] 

Inspezimus etiam quandam aliam cartam predict! Davidis quam fecit 
ecclesie de May et Priori et Monachis ejusdem loci qui est cella 
predicte ecclesie de Redinges in hec verba : — 

2. JDaVID Rex Scotie omnibus probis hominibus totius terre sue 
salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse ecclesie de May et 
Priori et Monachis ejusdem loci ibidem Deo fSsimulantibus quandam 
plenariam toftam in Beniwic in perpetuam elemosinam pro anima 
mea et animabus antecessorum et successorum meonim Quare volo 
et precipio quod ipsi preftttam toftam teneant adeo libere et quiete 
sicut aliqui yel abbates vel priores in tota terra mea elemosinas 
suas liberius et quietius tenent et homines qui in tofta ilia mane- 
bunt liberi sint ab omni servitio et exactione. Testibus Emaldo 
Abbate de Calchoh Osberto Priore de Jedewrt Waltero Cancellario 
Hugone de Morvilla Walterus filius Alani Gilleberto de Um- 
framyilla Waltero de Bolebec apud Kyngor. 

[De Terra Ballegallin et Communi Pastura.] 

Inspeximus etiam quandam aliam cartam predicti Davidis quam fecit 
Deo et ecclesie ac fratribus predicte celle de May in hec verba : — 

3. David Rex Scotie Episcopis Abbatibus Comitibus Justiciariis 
Baronibus Vicecomitibus et omnibus hominibus totius terre sue 
salutem. Sciant tam posteri quam presentes me pro salute anime 
mee dedisse et concessisse Deo et ecclesie Omnium Sanctorum de 
Mai et fratribus ibidem Deo servientibus dimidium Balegallin ricut 
Oillecolm Macchinbethin et Machet MacTorfin et Malmure Thein 



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CARTE PRIORATUS INSULE DE MAY. 3 

de Chellin eis predictam terrain proirenint libere et quiete ad ten- 
endum de me et de heredibus meis sicut ulla elemosina in terra 
mea tenetur melius et liberius quamdiu Conyentus Monacorum in 
Mai fuerit Preterea do eis et concedo communem pasturam in 
Sira de Chellin et in Sira de Cherel et per totam terram meam ita 
ne ullus pro pastura eos aut pecuniam eorum super meum foris- 
factum laboret aut disturbed Testibus Qr^orio Episeopo de Dun- 
chelden et Andrea episeopo de Cateneis et WiUelmo Qifiard et 
Dunecano Comite et Alfwino filio Archil apud Dunfermelin. 

[De donacione de Petnewem et Inerrin.] 

Inspejdmus etiam quandam aliam cartam predicti Davidis quam fecit 
Deo et predictis ecclesie et fratribus in hec verba : — 

4. JDaVID Rex Scotie Episcopis Abbatibus Comitibus Vicecomi- 
tibus Ministris et probis hominibus totius terre sue salutem. Sciatis 
me concessisse et in perpetuam elemosinam dedisse Deo et ecclesie 
de Mai et fratribus ibidem Deo serrientibus tam futuris quam 
presentibus Petneweme et Inuerrin que fiiit Ayemi per rectas 
diyisas ita libere et quiete ad tenendum de me sicut alie eclesie 
elemosinarum mearum tenent melius et liberius. Testibus Abbate 
Graufrido de Dunfermelin et Comite Dimecano et Hugone de More- 
yilla et Edwardo Cancellario et Alfwino MacArchil et Macbet Mac- 
Torfin apud Edeneburgum. 

[De communitate nemoris de Clacmanec] 

Inspeximus etiam quandam aliam cartam predicti Davidis quam fecit 
Achardo Priori et predictis fratribus de Mai in hec verba : — 

5. JL/AVID Rex Scotie Episcopis Comitibus Vicecomitibus Ministris 
et GiUeserfis de Clacmanec et omnibus probis hominibus suis sal- 



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4 CARTE PRIORATUS IN8ULE DE MAY, 

utem. Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse Achardo Priori et fratribus 
de Mai in elemosinam communitatem nemoris de Clacmanec. 
Quare defendo ne ullus eos aut eorum homines in nemore dis- 
turbet Testibus Qalfndo Abbate de Dunfermelin et Edwardo 
Cancellario et Herberto Camerario apud Dunfermelin. 

[De Libertate TolneL] 

Inspeximus etiam litteras patentee predicti Davidis quas fecit Priori 
predicte Celle de Mai in hec verba :— 

6. UaVID Rex Scotie Vicecomitibus prepositis ministris et onmi- 
bus hominibus totius terre sue salutem Precipio ubicumque Prior 
de Mai aut aliquis suorum fratrum aut clientium Domus de Mai 
venerint cum rebus domus de Mai quatinus sint quieti de cano et 
tobieio per totam terram meam et ut licentiam habeant vendendi 
proprias res suas et emendi necessaria domus. Preterea defendo 
ne ullus eis aut rebus eorum super meum forisfactum forisfaciat 
Testibus Herberto Episcopo de Clascu et Andrea Episcopo de 
Cateneis et Emaldo Abbate de Chegho [Calchoh?] apud Strivelin. 

[De decimis de Rindelgros.] 

Inspeximus etiam quasdam alias litteras patentee predicti Davidis 
quas fecit predictis monachis de Eindelgros qui quidem locus est de 
predicta cella de Mai in hec verba : — 

' ' David Rex Scotie omnibus hominibus totius Vicecomitatus 
de Pert salutem Mando vobis et firmiter precipio quatinus detis 
Monachis de Rindelgros decimas vestras in blado et caseo et in 
rebus omnibus in quibus decimas dare debetis ne illas super meam 
defensionem detineatis. Testibus Duncano Comite et Waltero 
Cancellario apud Scone. 



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CARTE PRIORATUS IN8ULK UK MAY, 



[De decimis de Rindolj?roH. ] 

Inspeximus etiam cartam Malcohni quoiulain Ut^giM Hootlo i\\\M\\ (noli 
piedictis Monachia de Kyndeloros in hoo vctrlm ; 

8. MaLCOLMUS Rex Scotie EpiHcopm AblmtilMiN (tottiiillMiM 
VicecomitibuB Ministris prepositis et otnnibuN probU hotniiilbim 
totiuB terre saluteiiL Sciant omncH tani p<mt4)ri <|tiiuii primntiM^M nut 
dedisse et hac carta mea confirmaiwo MonmjhiM <li) HitMlitlrruM 
omnem decimam ad eccleaiam ejuKdetn villc \H)riUwuUm Uuu In 
piscationibnB aqaamm de Tey ct Km tain hi muln (tt timn^U itf, in 
onmibuB lebius in quibuj» decime delierit dari itt prnU\iHUf nuptif 
meam plenariom foriiifiictinn ne alkjiiw dn Uula <|iiir^|imni 4U*,iUimi, 
Testibus his Waltero Cancellario lluufftm dir M/zrwilln SirUoth^t 
clerioo apod B ef en km a. 






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CARTE PRIORATUS IN8ULE DE MAY. 



[De donacione Regis David.] 

Inspeximus etiam quandam aliam cartam confirmationis prefati Mal- 
colm! quam fecit Priori et Monachis predicte Celle de Mai in hec 
verba : — 

10. JMaLCOLMIJS Dei gratia Rex Scotie omnibus Episcopis Ab- 
batibus Comitibus Baronibus Vicecomitibus prepositis et omnibus 
probis hominibus totius terre sue tarn Francis quam Anglis et Scottis 
salutem. Notum sit yobis me concessisse et carta mea confirmasse 
Priori et Monachis de Mai donationem et concessionem avi mei 
Dayidis Regis ita libere et quiete sicut ipse predictus Rex eis 
concessit et carta sua confirmayit, in omnibus rebus tam terris 
quam aquis et pascuis. Quare volo et firmiter precipio quod nullus 
eis aliquam faciat injuriam nee aliquis ab illis aliquid exigat nisi 
illud tantummodo quod in tempore avi mei exigebatur. His 
presentibus testibus Waltero Cancellario Comite Gospatric Hugone 
de Morvilla Willelmo de Sumervill apud Linlithcu. 



[De decima piscarie circa Insulam de May.] 

Inspeximus etiam litteras patentes predicti Malcolmi quas fecit Mon- 
achis predicte Celle de Mai in hec verba : — 

11. MaLCOLMUS Rex Scotie onmibus probis hominibus et pisca- 
toribuB qui circa Insulam de Mai piscantur salutem. Mando vobis 
et firmiter precipio quatinus Monachis de Mai Deo servientibus 
decimas vestras absque dilatione prebeatis et prohibeo firmiter 
ne aliquis vestrum illaA^eis detineat sicut iUas habuerunt pre- 
dicti monachi temporibus avi mei Davidis R^is super meum 
plenarium forisiactum. Testibus Waltero Cancellario Waltero filio 
Alani Dapifero Waltero de lindesia apud Dunfermelyn. 



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[De donadone Regum Davii> ot M aiaxm.mu 1 

Inspejomtis etiam caitom confirmatiouisWillolnu i^uoiuUm Ko^\n Soot to 
qnam fecit Deo et predict* ecclesie dt» M.\v ot Willohno \\\\w \\\\^\\ 
ejusdem loci in hec verba : — 

12. WlLLELMUSRexScotieEpi8coin8Al)biailmii('omt(llHm \hm\\ 
bus Justiciariis Vicecomitibus ot oinnibuH \mMn liotniiillMiN IoI.Ium 
terra sue clericis et laicis salutem. Sciant prtiniMiUm ot Aitiirt iiim cmhi 
oessisse et hac carta confirmastM) Deo ot eccloHio Oiiiiilniii Hiiiii'MiniiM 
de Mai et WiUelmo Priori et BUccoMSoribuM oJum lit fmtrlbiiM IbMcMi 
Deo servientibus et ordinem Cluriiaccnm)tri iliiilnm tAWUiWiun Ui 
liberam et peipetuam elemosinani ihmniUttwM hum IU*>% OiitlJ iivim 
mens ^ memorie et predecenwir frietiM 114*,% MuU'oUtiun fntUr lu^ u* 
ds dedenmt et coocemenmi N:ilii'A:i i',% \U%in SUnnUn ttouutioh^ 
PetDeveme ei Inrerrin que fuii A»*rnii |^rr f^-^^hM uhm^/^**^. yitU 
drrisu et dimidituji #Je Kal^-^;>liiri f^n'tft 9*\u\uHm j/>tt*/w ^\ f*Af tft 
rille dedi ca i\f^uAiyji$t tt^nfk #rM \^ u^^i%A uWrt^^^-^. \r>**^t» ;. r* 

de K-eCja el hk Srr..'** ^, K^r^ ^Vvt. ^a^h ^'//> ^/^ •-' ^ v .v.,*../^ 
ct xirca i»*^nAr-irA v.^-;.u a />vv% '^**>*^ ^^ ^^''^ '•/^'* t' ^ '^'"" 
tJ'.Oit 'x^r** 5i*rjfi» lCi^»x» ;i; ••, xiuj'^:**' *''/ » a^ •* <-* a.^^, ..^^z, 

liiMsaiir.tr •:r*a r.i*^i.i«in O* *f>a •••^•/^•i* ^4./ •••/-i^ #»-^i^ *f /. ■* ,'' /''/ 

Ml l li l ' -tlSilf ^^ I •»*'•** '^'* t *^% */'.»# •'^^ / ^ •« •■• ». 0" 'Z^' * ■/ ■* 

3fr9»tuiaK v^ -f' :*- ;k •- '•***• *•' • #• ..»•'* ' • ^/ *. -.. '< 



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8 CARTE PRIORATUS INSULE DE HAY. 

Dunbar et applicationem unius navis ad necessaria domus sue 
transpoitanda cdcut Comes Grospatricius eis dedit et concesait et 
rex Malcohnus frater meus eis carta sua confirmayit Quare yoIo 
et firmiter precipio ut predict! monachi prenominatas terras et 
tenuras teneant et habeant ita plenarie quiete libere et honorifice 
sicut carte anteoessorum meonim Regis Dayidis et R^;is Malcohni 
eis testantur et confirmant et sicut aliqua abbatia in toto r^no 
meo elemosinas suas liberius quietius et honorificentius tenet et 
possidet Ita tamen quod semper habeatur ibi conyentus xiij. 
monachorum de ordine Cluniacensi et quod Prior ejusdem loci 
scilicet de Mai non anunoyeatur nisi pro manifesta ipsius culpa que 
prius cognita fuerit michi et episcopo Sancti Andree. Testibus 
Dayide fratre meo Nicholao Cancellario Matheo Archidiacono 
Sancti Andree Comite Waldeye. Comite Dunecano Ricardo de 
Moreyilla Constabulario Waltero filio Alani Dapifero Dayide Oliff 
Nesio filio Willelmi Hugone Ridel Galfiido de Maleyilla aput Pert 



[De tofto in Burgo de Berewic] 

Inspeximas etiam quandam aliam cartam confirmationis predicti Will- 
elmi quam fecit ecclesie et Priori ac monachis predicte Celle de Mai 
in hec verba : — 

13. VV ILLELMUS Dei gratia Rex Scotie onmibus probis hominibus 
totius terre sue clericis et laicis salutem. Sciant presentes et futuri 
me concessisse^et hac carta mea confirmasse ecclesie de Mai et 
Priori et Monachis ibidem Deo servientibus illud plenarium toftum 
in Burgo meo de Berewic quod Rex Dayid ayus meus eis dedit. 
Quare yolo et precipio quatinus predicti monachi toftum illud 
teneant et habeant libere et quiete in liberam et perpetuam elemo- 
sinam. Yolo etiam ut homines qui in tofto illo manebunt liberi 



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CABTE PBIORATUS IN8ULE D£ MAY. 

ant ab oinni aervicio et exactione sicut carta RegiB Dayidis avi mei 
testator. Testibus Willehno Episcopo Sancti Andree Philippo de 
ValoniiB Camerario noBtro Willelmo de Boscho Willelmo Cumin 
apad Berewicum iiij. die Julii. 



[De acquietacione Cani et Tolnei.] 

Inspeximus etiam quandam aliam cartam prefati Willelmi quam f(*/cit 
predictifl Priori et Monachis in hec verba : — 

14. WlLLELMUS Dei gratia Bex Scotie JuMticiariin VicecomitibuH 
Baronibus Ministria et onmibus probis hominibiu totius terro sue 
salutenL Sciatis me dedii»e et conc&wmie et hac carta mea can- 
firmaase Priori de Mai et Monachix ibidem Dc<j HervientibuM licen- 
tiam et liberam potestatem vendenili et emendi quodcunque oinw 
habent ad proprioa usua suos per iotam ternun meam« Quare rolo et 
firmiter piecipio ut ipa et aenriente proprii domuM nuc de dmniniin 
catallifl piedictoram mouaebomm que TeDdi^lerint et de omnibuM 
que ad eonmdem profmm umisi emerint iiint liberi et quieti a catio 
et theI<Hieo et ab omid alia cririi^tjetudine ubi<;mnqtje pw tali nenniuf 
Teuerint Preeipio etiam ut \umiuim exfrnm alii in terra i|M^irum 
manattes sint litjeri et quieti a eano isi tititUftttt^p i^ immi alia v^m' 
suetudine taotum in pr^il/uA terre i\04fr%itn uufftsu:htfrti$n de r<;fidi- 
tkme et emptir>ne. iy^t^-jr^hf *i%mn ut qtiatur/r Ai^tHrum bab^^aiit de 
quatoor letinacnlift hiwjruhnun ttSLUtrnt «\tu^ m \t^fri!t\nih mm Ait Vi'A- 
nevem et de Ame^tr^ler t^suvm \im:si$Ai u:\ pwA^n fiituUii$4i af/f/li- 
coerint et de baurillft mfhS:U^ q'lj dt/nMrz^ h^htusrit$i ^i\ftrrt$fuci$\fi^ 
Canum Ten> Xznxnsu <le tci^^lf^n yfrui/ttk ai/l #^/«m tft^rt$tn r^rtirM'// ni 
de cano illo per r//;iu'i«Ai^ uiiul^w^im tft^jfrntfu iMyUitn 4im$Hm ktm 
dpioitium querry^^^ Ak^rtmum *Uii$}irtnm f/f^/l>ti* ft$fff9i$4h%^. Aari 
pfceipio. Te*^ir>fHi ll*K(*ffi^ KfA^^/f^^ ••^.vti SuAu^^. 4*4^$,$*^, Ihfn*' 



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10 CABTE PRIORATUS INSULE D£ HAY. 

cano Comite Gileberto Waltero de Berkele Camenirio Willelmo de 
Mortemer Galfrido de Maleyer apud Pert 

[De terra de Petbther.] 

Inspeximus etiam qaandam aliam cartam predict! WiUelmi quam fecit 
Deo et ecclesie ac monachis predicte Celle de Mai in hec verba : — 

15. WlLLELMUS Dei gratia Bex Scotie Episcopis Abbatibus Comi- 
tibus Baronibus Justiciariis Ycecomitibus prepositis ministris et 
omnibus probis hominibus totius terre sue clericis et laicis salutem. 
Sciant presentes et futuii me dedisse et concessisse et hac carta mea 
confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sanctorum de Mai et Monachis ibidem 
Deo servientibus Petother per rectas diyisas suas cum omnibus 
justis pertinentiis suis Tenendum in liberam et puram etpeipetuam 
elemosinam in terris et aquis in pratis et pascuis in moris et maresiis 
et in omnibus aliis ad predictam terram juste pertinentibus ita libere 
quiete plenarie et honorifice sicut alias terras et elemosinas suas 
liberius quietius plenius et honorificentius in r^no meo tenent et 
possident. Testibus Hugone Cancellario meo Ricardo de Prebenda 
clerico meo Radulfo et Waltero Capellanis meis Philippo de V aloniis 
Camerario meo Magistro Henrico clerico meo Willelmo de Haia 
Alexandro Vicecomite de Strivelin Ricardo filio Hugonis Willelmo 
Flandrensi Herberto de Camera apud Clam [clonin?] xvij die Aprilis. 

[De acquietacione exercitus et omni expedicione.] 

Inspeximus etiam quandam aliam cartam predicti Willelmi quam fecit 
Deo et Priori et Monachis dicte Celle de Mai in hec verba : — 

1 6. WlLLELMUS Dei gratia Rex Scotie Episcopis Abbatibus Comi- 
tibus Baronibus Justiciariis Vicecomitibus Ministris et ceteris probis 
hominibus totius terre sue clericis et laicis salutem. Sciant pre- 



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CABTE PRIORATUS IN8ULE D£ MAY. 11 

floiteB et posteii me conoessisse et hac carta mea confirmaase Deo 
^ Priori de Mai et Monachis ibidem Deo servientibus quod onmes 
terre eorum et omnes homines eorum in tenia ipsorom manentes 
sint liberi et quieti de exeicita et expeditione. Testibus Davide 
fratre meo Comite Dunecano Waltero de Bydun CanceUario Wal- 
tero de Wyndleshora Philippo de Valoniis Rogero de Yaloniis 
Roberto de Berchele Waltero de Berchele Camerario Willelmo de 
Haia apud Rading. 

[De aquietacione Cani et Tolnei.] 

Inspezimas etiam quandam aliam cartam predicte WiUehni quam fecit 
predictis Priori et Monachis in hec verba : — 

17. WiLLELMUS Rex Scotie Vicecomitibus prepoeitis ministris et 
omnibus probis hominibus totius terre sue salutem. Sciatis me 
dedisse et sigillo meo confirmasse Priori de Mai et Monachis 
ibidem servientibus Deo licentiam et liberam potestatem yendendi 
et emendi quo opus habent per totam terram meam. Quare volo 
et firmiter precipio ut ipsi et servientes eorum et homines sint 
liberi et quieti a cano et theloneo et ab omni alia consuetudine 
ubicumque pro tali n^otio venerint. Precipio etiam ut homines 
qui causa piscandi in terra ipsorum applicuerint liberi et quieti 
sint a cano et theloneo et alia consuetudine pro venditione piscium 
et emtione preter ea que Priori et Monachis debentur. Testibus 
Nicolao CanceUario Waltero Dapifero Ricardo de Morvilla apud 
Edenebuigum. 

[De decima piscarie circa Insulam de May.] 

Inspeximus etiam litteras patentee predict! WiUehni quas fecit predictis 
Priori et Monachis in hec verba : — 

18. WiLLELMUS Rex Scotie omnibus piscatoribus qui piscem 
capiunt circa Mai salutero. Mando et firmiter precipio quatinus 



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12 CARTE PRIORATUS INSULE DE MAY. 

plenarie et integre reddatis Priori de Mai et Monachis ibidem Deo 
servientibus decimas suas et consuetudines et rectitudines quas 
habuerunt tempore R^s Malcolmi fratris mei sicut carta sua 
quam inde habent testatur et sicut habuenmt ante tempus Prioris 
Willelmi de omnimodis redditibus et rectitudinibus et de modico 
et de magno et prohibeo ne quia eis inde quicquam detineat super 
meam forisfiBusturam quia eis juste meam firmam pacem concessit 
Testibus Nicholao Cancellario Ricardo de MorviUa Constabulario 
Waltero filio Alani Dapifero apud Edenebuigum. 



[De Lingoc] 

Inspezimus etiam cartam confirmatioms Alexandri quondam Begis 
Scotie quam fecit Deo et predictis Monachis de Mai in hec verba : — 

1 9* i\ljEXANDER Dei gratia Bex Scotie onmibus probis hominibus 
totius terre sue clericis et laicis salutem. Sciant presentes etfuturi 
me concessisse et bac carta mea confirmasse donacionem illam quam 
Bobertus de Londoniis frater mens fecit Deo et Sanctis de Maii et 
Monachis ibidem Deo servientibus de Lingoc que fuit de Tasto ejus 
de Kellin. Tenendum in puram et perpetuam elemosinam per 
rectas divisas suas et cum omnibus justis pertinentiis suis ita libere 
et quiete sicut carta predicti Roberti de Londoniis inde facta pre- 
dictis Monachis de May testatur salvo servitio meo. Testibus 
Willehno de Boscho Cancellario meo Willelmo Cumin Comite de 
Buchan Justiciario Scotie Davide de Haya Willelmo de Muntfichet 
Thoma Hostiario Galfrido filio Bicardi Thoma de Haya apud 
Clonin xxvj. die Marcii. 



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CARTE PRIORATUS INSULE DE MAY. 13 

[De Dremescheles.] 

Inspeximus etiam quandam aliam cartam predict! Alexandri quam fecit 
Priori et Monachis dicte Celle de May in hec verba : — 

20. Alexander Dei gratia Rex Scotie omnibus probis hominibus 
totius terre sue salutem. Sciant presentes et futuri nos concessisse 
et hac carta nostra confirmasse conventionem factam inter Priorem 
et Monachos de May ex una parte et Bemardum Eraser ex altera 
videlicet de tota terra de Dremessheles quam idem Bemardus 
Eraser dimisit ad perpetuam firinam predictis Priori et Monachis 
de May. Tenendum et habendum sibi et successoribus suis de pre- 
dicto Bernardo et heredibus suis in perpetuum. Ita libere quiete 
plenarie et honorifice sicut carta dicti Bemardi Eraser inde plenius 
confecta predictis Priori et Monachis de May juste testatur salvo 
servicio nostro. Testibus Willelmo electo Glasguensi Cancellario 
Henrico de Strivelin filio Comitis Waltero Byset Davide de Has- 
tengys Willelmo de Munfichet Willelmo Byset Anselmo de Camelin 
apud Strivelin septimodecimo die Augusti anno regni domini R^is 
nonodecimo. 

Nos autem donationes concessiones et confirmationes predictas ratas 
habentes et gratas eas pro nobis et heredibus nostris quantum in nobis 
est concedimus et confirmamus sicut carte et littere predicte ration- 
abiliter testantur. Hiis testibus Yenerabilibus patribus Willelmo Archi- 
epificopo Eboracensi Anglie Primate Waltero Coventrensi et Lychefel- 
densi Joanne Cicestrensi Radulpho Londoniensi et Joanne Earliolensi 
Episcopis Henrico de Lacy Gomite Lincolnie Hugone le Despenser 
Eogero de Mortuo Mari Seniore Johanne de la Mare et alii& Datum 
per manum nostram apud Camboc iiij^- die Marcii per finem xx. lib- 
rarum factum coram consilio. Dupplicatur. 



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CARTE EX LIBRO CARTARUM 
PRIORATUS SANCTI ANDREE. 



iSUfltstrum ^ximatm Sancti SttOrrrr. 

(Pp. 379, etseq,) 

Carta Patricii comitis de Dunbar. 

21. Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis presens scriptum visuris uel 
audituris. Patricius comes de Dunbar salutem in Domino Noueritis 
me conceasisse et hac presenti carta mea confirmasse deo et Sanctis 
de May et monachis ibidem deo seruientibus pro salute anime mee 
et omnium antecessorum meorum et successorum in liberam puram 
et perpetuam elemosinam totam terram que continetur infra has 
diuisas scilicet de Windidure usque ad Eingissete. et sic per semitam 
descendendo usque ad Eingisbume et ita ascendendo per Eingis- 
bume usque ad altam uiam que extenditur per le rede stane. et per 
iUam uiam usque ad Windidure. tenendam sibi in x>erpetuum de 
me et heredibus meis cum conununi pastura et cum omnibus com- 
munibuB aisiamentis ad eandem terram pertinentibus adeo libere et 
quiete et pacifice sicut aliqua elemosina in regno soocie liberius et 
quiecius potest dari uel concedL sicut in carta donacionis Patricii 
comitis predecessoris mei plenius continetur. In cuius rei testi- 
monium presenti scripto sigillum meum apposui. Hiis testibus 
domino Willelmo Wischard episcopo Sancti Andree domino Da . . 



Sancto Andrea Lundoris et midtis aliis. 



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CARTE PRIORATUS INSULE DE MAY. 15 



Carta comitis Patricii de Dunbar de una vacca. 

22. Omnibus hoc scnptum visuris uel audituris Patricius comes de 
donbar salutem in domino sempitemam. Noueritis me dedisse con- 
cessisse quietum clamasse. et hac meo presenti carta confinnasse in 
perpetumn pro me et onmibus antecessoribus et successoribus meis 
deo et Sanctis de May et monachis ibidem deo seruientibus unam 
uaccam quam antecessores mei receperunt et ^o recipere consueui 
annuatim pro terra quam de me tenent in Lambermor. In cuius 
rei testimonium huic scripto sigillum meum apposuL Hiis testibus 
Domino Willelmo Wishard episcopo sancti Andree. domino Dauid 
de Louchor. domino Johanne Wishard. domino Alano de Ormistun. 
domino Radulpho de Lasceles militibus. domino Johanne priore 
Sancti Andree. domino Nicholao abbate de Lundors et multis aliis. 



Carta Johannis filii Michaelis de Mayschelis in 

Lambyrmur. 

23. ibCIANT presentes et fiituri quod ego Johannes filius Michaelis 
dedi et concessi et hac carta confinnasse deo monachis ibidem deo 
seruientibus assensu uolun. ... am terram . . . elaiye usque . . . 

a Windedure tum de Bromside et a Bromside usque ad 

Kaluerbume. et ita ascendendo usque ad Goselaw in qua terra 
dixerat predictus Nesius se ius habere. Hanc autem terram pre- 
fktis monachis dedi et concessi in liberam et puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam ab omni seruicio etexaccione quietam et absolutam. 
Et ut hec concessio et donacio firma permaneat et inconcussa. cam 
sigilli mei appensione roborauL Hiis testibus Willehno Patric. 
Patricio filio Ade. Rogero de Merlei. Neso de London. Gilberto de 



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16 CARTE PRT0RATU8 INSULE DE MAY. 

Poulwrt. Ada filio eius. Roberto de Burneuile. Alano filio Patricii. 
Alano filio Willelmi senescaldo Nesii de London, et multis aliis. 



Carta Johannis filii Michaelis super terra de 
Mayscheles. 

24. oCIANT presented et futuri. quod ego Johannes filius Michaelis 
assensu et uoluntate heredis mei dedi et concessi et hac carta mea 
confirmaui deo et Sanctis de May. et monachis ibidem deo seruienti- 
bus pro anima mea. et animabus patris meL et matris mee. et Duncani 
fratris meL et uxoris mee. et heredis meL et omnium antecessorum et 
successorum meorum in liberam. et puram. et perpetuam elemosinam 
totam terram in australi parte de Caluerbume a uado quod est inter 
Panscheles et Eingessete usque ad lapidem stantem quasi medio 
loco inter austmm et occidentem. et inde ad magnum lapidem qui 
situs est sub Winethes. et inde usque ad Strotherhefed. et inde per 
semitam paruam usque ad Windesduris in pertinenciis uiUe mee de 
Panscheles. cum una acra pratL et cum pastura que sufficiat ad sus- 
tentandum tres centas ones matrices, et triginta uaccas portantes. et 
uiginti quatuor equas povtantes cum sequela. Et cum fiierit duorum 
annorum ammouebitur ipsa sequela, et sic deinceps. Concedo eciam 
ut habeant predicti monachi in pastura mea decem sues portantes 
cum sequela donee sit superanuata. et sic deinceps. Ita concedo 
hominibus eorum qui predictam terram tenuerint petas et turbas 
quantum necesse habuerint ad domos suas. Hanc autem conces- 
sionem et donacionem ego et heredes mei prefatis monachis in per- 
petuum ab excercitu et expedicione. et omni seruicio. et exaccione. 
et multura. warantizabimus et aquietabimus. Et ut hec concessio et 
donacio robur perpetue firmitatis optineat^ cam sigiUi mei appen- 
sione roborauL Hiis testibus. Roberto de London filio Willelmi 



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CARTE PRIORATUS IN8ULE DE MAY. 1/ 

regis Scocie. Michale filio et herede predict! domini Johannis. 
Radulpho rectore ecclesie de Wemes. Waldeuo filio Merlesswein. 
Duncano filio Ade de Eilcunkath Thoma de Lundin. Galfrido de 
Maleuile. Johaime de Petkeri. Symone eapellano sepedicti Johannis. 
Roberto, et Patricio seniientibus eiiis. et multis aliis. 



Carta Willelmi de Beaueyr de terra de Ardarie. 

25. feCIANT presentes et fiituri. quod ego Wilelmus de Beaueir con- 
cessi et dedi Deo. et sancte Marie et Sanctis de May. et serais dei 
ibidem deo seraientibus terram meam de Ardarie. unam scilicet 
caracatam. et unam bouatam. in perpetuam elemosinam pro salute 
anime mee. et pro salute anime domine mee Ade comitisse. et regis 
Maucolmi filii eius. et pro salute domini mei regis Willelmi. et pro 
salute omnium antecessorum suorum^ tenendam libere. et quiete 
sicut ego eam melius tenui. sicut carta domini regis testatur. Terra 
uero quam dedi uxori mee in dotem. due scilicet bouate. et una 
bouata quam dedi Radulpho seraienti meo. post mortem ipsorum in 
manus monachoram de May redibit. Yt autem hec mea donacio 
firma et stabilis in perpetuum permaneret. eam predictis monachis 
presenti carta confirmaui. et qui eam ratam tenuerit et s . . . . 

conseraet cum v et semen suum duplicetur super terram. 

Oro hac uero donacione prior et monachi de May susceperit me in 
fraternitatem suam .... cium suum tam corporale quam spirit- 
uale in monacatum in mortem. Hiis testibus Willelmo eapellano 
de Karal. Willelmo eapellano de Kilredeni. Roberto eapellano. 
Bricio clerico. Gileberto filio ejus Willelmo clerico de Rindelgros. 
Gaufrido de Einestrothir. Reingod de Karal. Roberto rafib. Will- 
elmo fratre eius. Radulpho seruiente meo. 



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18 CARTE PRIORATUS INSULE DE MAY. 



Carta Eggou Ruffi de terra prope Lingoch. 

26. bCIANT pTesentes et futuri quod ego Eggou Ruffiis uoluntate et 
asaensu Donecani heredis mei dedi et concessi et hae carta mea 
confinnaui Deo et Sanctis de May et monachis ibidem Deo seniienti- 
bus pro anima mea et animabus patris mei et matris mee. et Donecani 
filii meL et Donecani heredis mei. et Agnetis uxoris mee. et onmium 
antecessorum meorum et successorum in liberam. et puram et per- 
petuam elemosinam. terram a riuulo que diuidebat terram meam a 
terra de Lingoch usque ad fossata que facta fuerunt in presencia 
mea et aliorum proborum uirorum. scilicet Agnetis uxoris mee. 
Boberti le Mare Willelmi Bolk. Vlfi de Lingoch. Malkolmi de 
Inuerin. et quorumdam aliorum in latere montis que est ex aquilon- 
ali parte ipsius riuuli .... donacionem et concessionem ego 
et heredes mei pre&tis monachis in perpetuum ab excercitu ex- 
pedicione et multura. et omni seruicio et exaccione warantizabimus 
et aquietabimus. Et ut hec donacio et concessio firma sit et stabilis, 
cam sigilli mei apposicione roboraui. Hiis testibus Roberto de 
London. Laurencio archidiacono; Waldeuo filio Merleswein; Thoma 
Quoco; Thoma capellano de Kellin; Roberto le Mare; Malkolmo de 
Inuerin ; Gillecrist fratre cius ; Vlfo de Lingoch ; Meruin seruiente 
predicti Eggou Rufi et multis aliis. 



Carta Alexandri Comyn comitis de Buchan. de 
quadraginta denariis. 

27. Omnibus hoc scnptum ulsuris vel audituris. Alexander Cumyn 
comes de Buchan. Justiciarius scocie. salutem. Nouerit uniuersitas 
uestra nos dedisse. concessisse. et hac carta nostra confirmasse. pro 



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CARTE PRIORATUS INSULE DE MAY. 19 

nobis et heredibus nostris et pro salute anime nostre. et ante- 
cessorum. et heredum nostrorom. Deo et sancte Marie, et ad 
Imninarium sancti Ethimini de insula de May« et monachis ibidem 
Deo et sancto Ethimini seruientibus unam petram cere uel quadra- 
ginta denarios annuatim recipiendos apud Bossyn ad nundinas 
sancti Andree. Tenendam et habendam dictis monachis de nobis 
et heredibus nostris inperpetuum in puram et perpetuam elemo- 
sinam. Et nos et heredes nostri dictam petram cere uel dictos 
quadraginta denarios dictis monachis adquietabimus inperpetuum. 
In cuius rei testimonium^ presenti scripto sigillum nostrum fecimus 
i^ponL Hiis testibus domino Hugone de Byaumis; domino Roberto 
de Walichope. domino Thoma capellano. domino W. de Synebume. 
Ada de Haieth clerico. Ricardo clerico. Bernardo de Erth. et aliis. 

CoMPOSicio inter nos et Johannem de Dunde- 
more de Turbrech. 

28. HeC est finalis concordia^ anno gracie. M^'.cc''. sexagesimo facta 
inter religiosos uiros priorem et monachos de May ex parte vna. et 
dominum Johannem de Dundemore militem ex altera, yidelicet quod 
cum controuersia mota esset inter eosdem super quadam terra que 
uocatur Turbrech in Fyf, post multas altercaciones inter partes 
habitas, lis in hunc modum conquieuit. scilicet quod dictus dominus 
Johannes totam dictam terram de Turbrech x>er suas rectas et 
antiquas diuisas dictis priori et monachis dimisit quietam clamauit. 
et presenti scripto in liberam et perpetuam elemosinam pro anima 
sua et animabus antecessorum et successorum suorum confirmauit. 
Pro hac dimissione. quieta clamancia, et confirmacione. pre&ti 
prior et monachi concesserunt dicto domino Johanni et heredibus 
suis unum monachum diuina celebrantem in capella beate Marie uir- 
ginis in insula de May. pro anima sua. et animabus antecessorum et 



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20 CARTE PRIORATUS INSULE DE MAY. 

successorum suorum in perpetaum concesserunt etiam eidem domino 
Johanni et heredibus suis singuIiB annis dimidiam marcam aigenti. 
uel sexaginta mulewellos ad duos anni tenninos. scilicet ad pente- 
costen unam medietatem. et ad festum sancti Martini in hieme. 
aliam medietatem. ita quod sit in opcione dictorum prions et mona- 
chorum dictam dimidiam marcam. sine dictos mulewellos suis 
terminis soluere. concesserunt insuper dicto Johanni et heredibus 
suis unam lampadem uitream in ecclesia de Syreis. et ad sustenta- 
cionem eiusdem lampadis, duos galones olei, uel duodecim denarios 
per annum inperpetuum. Si autem contingat dictos priorcm et 
monachos uel aliquem successorum suorum prescriptam formam 
pacis non obseruare. uel in aliquo infringere, competat extunc dicto 
Johanni uel heredibus suis actio in dicta terra que ante tempus 
istius pacis inite eidem competebat. Et ad huius rei fidem et 
securitatem, parti huius scripti in modum cyrograffi confecti penes 
sepe dictum dominum Johannem residenti, sigillum domini Hugonis 
time prioris de May appositum est et parti penes dictos priorem et 
monachos residenti, sigillum dicti domini Johannis est appensum. 

Carta Johannis de Dundemor de Turbrech. 

29. feci ANT presentes et fiituri. quod ^o Johannes de Dundemor 
dedi concessi et presenti carta mea confirmaui pro me et heredibus 
meis deo et ecclesie de May et priori et monachis ibidem deo 
seruientibus et inperpetuum seruituris totam terram illam que 
dicitur Turbrek in Fyf. per suas rectas diuisas. ciun omnibus liber- 
tatibus. et aisiamentis ad dictam terram spectantibus. in liberam 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam. pro anima mea. et animabus ante- 
cessorum et successorum meorum. Quare nolo quod pre&ti prior et 
monachi dictam terram habeant et teneant de me et heredibus meis 
sibi et successoribus suis in perpetuum. libere^ quiete^ integre^ et 



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CARTE PRIORATUS INSULE DE MAY. 21 

pacifice, ab omni seniicio seculari^ exaccione^ et omni alia consue- 
tudine et demanda. et sicut aliqua elemosina in toto r^no Scocie 
liberiuB tenetur. et quiecius possidetur. Et ego Johannes et heredes 
mei dictam terram de Turbrek in omnibus et per omnia sicut superius 
prelocutum est aquietabimus et defendemus dictis priori et mon- 
achis suisque successoribus contra omnes mortales warantizabimus 
salua mihi et heredibus meis conuencione in cyrographo inter nos 
super hoc confecto, plenius contenta. Et ut hec mea donacio et con- 
firmacio robur optineat perpetue firmitatis^ in eius fidem et testi- 
monium presentem cartam sigilli mei apposicione roboraui. Hiis 
testibus magistro Ada do M . . . . time preposito ecclesie sancte 
Marie ciuetatis sancti Andree, domino Galfiido de Ferseleya milite, 
domino Ricardo Camerario mUite, Ricardo de Maleuile^ Johanne 
Coco de Balcasky^ Alano de Salelioc, Roberto Mainard^ Johanne 
Coco de Abircrumby, Ricardo Coco de Abircrumby, et multis aliis. 



Sentencia Willelmi episcopi Sancti Andree 
contra Henricum de Dundemore. 

30. Omnibus has Uteras uisuris uel audituris W. Dei gracia Sancti 
Andree episcopus etemam in Domino salutem. Nouerit uniuersitas 
vestra quod ciun suscitata fuisset controuersia inter dominum Hen- 
ricum de Dimdemore militem ex parte vna. et priorem et monachos 
de May ex altera, super fidelitate et fidelitatis iuramento petitis per 
ipsum dominum Henricum a dictis priore et monachis racione terre 
de Turbrek in Fyf elemosinate monachis supradictis. partes predicte 
volentes suscitatam controuersiam concordia terminare. tam super 
fidelitatis predicte petito iuramento. quam super districtu facto per 
dictum dominum Henricum contra dictos priorem et monachos 
quam racione fidelitatis denegate et iuris placita tenendi in terra 



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22 CARTE PRIORATUS 1N8ULE DE MAY. 

predicta nostro se ordinacioni et arbitrio submiserunt promittentes 
corporali hinc inde prestito iuramento arbitrio nostro et ordinacioni 
omnino parere. et incontrarium perpetuo non uenire yUo modo. Nob 
autem auditis hinc inde propositis iuribus utriusque partis, pro- 
nunciamus dictos priorem et monachos racione terre predicte de 
Turbrech ad fidelitatem faciendam dicto domino Henrico uel suis 
heredibus non teneri. immo ipsos priorem et monachos deoemimus 
ad fidelitatem faciendam dicto domino Henrico uel snis heredibus 
penitus non tenerL ipsi domino Henrico suisque heredibus tam super 
fidelitate petita, quam super iure quod uendicat se habere super 
terra de Turbrech. placita. uel curiam detinendi, perpetuum silen- 
cium imponentes. ipsumque dominum Henricum ad restitucionem 
cuiusdam equi dictorum prioris et monachorum quem pro fideli- 
tate non prestita cepit a dictis priore et monachis. et captum 
detinet. condempnamus faciendum infra octo dies priori et monachis 
supradictis. In cuius rei testimonium presentibus sigillum nostrum 
duxunus apponendum. Datum apud Cupir die lune proximo post 
festum purificacionis beate uirginis. anno domini M^ cc^ lxxx^ 
quinto. 

CoMPosicio de duabus marcis de tofto in 
Berwyck. 

3 1 . Omnibus Christi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris uel audituris . . 
de Scona et J. de Lundors dei gracia Abbates, et magister Laurendus 
Sanctiandree archidiaconus. salutem etemom in domino. Cum de 
mandato apostolico coram nobis questio uerteretur inter priorem et 
monachos de May ex una parte, et Thomam filium Eustachii de 
Berewyc ex altera super quibusdam terris in Berewyc, videlicet 
in uia pontis quas idem monachi dicebant sibi coUatas de testa- 
mento Waldeui Rufii. tandem inter eos sub hac forma amicabiliter 



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CARTE PRIORATU8 IN8ULE DE MAY. 23 

conuenit videlicet, quod idem Thomas recognouit ius predictorum 
monaehorum in predictis terns, et remisit totmn clamimn sumn 
quod habuit uel habere potuit contra predictos monachos. Tenebit 
autem idem Thomas terram illam quam monachi dicebant sibi a 
Waldeuo predicto legatam cum alia terra quam idem Waldeus 
de eisdem monachis tantum in uita sua tenuit libeie et quiete. sibi 
et heredibus suis. Reddendo inde annuatim priori et monachis duas 
marcas argenti ynam ad pentecosten, et aliam ad sanctum martinum. 
Idem uero Thomas satis&ciet Agneti uxori predicti Waldeui sine 
prejudicio predictorum monaehorum si forte moueat placitum de 
dote sua. Ad hoc autem fideliter obligauit se utraque pars fideli 
interposicione in presencia iudicimi. et perpetuata est eorum iuris- 
dictio de consensu parcium ne possit alterutra pars ab hac forma 
pacis in posterum resilire. Et ad maiorem securitatem habebit 
idem Thomas cartam prioris de May confirmatam per sigillum 
abbatis de Radingis; et in huius rei testimonium presens scriptum 
sigillorum nostrorum apposicione roborauimus. 



CoMPosicio de xii. denariis in villa de Berwych. 

32. Omnibus chnsti fidelibus presens scriptum visuris uel audituris. 
Radulphus prior de May et eiusdem loci monachi salutem etemam 
in domino. Ad uniuersitatis uestre noticiam uolumus peruenire 
quod cum de mandato apostolico coram de Scone et Lundors dei 
gracia abbatibus. et magistro Laurencio Sancti Andree archidiacono 
coniudicibus questio uerteretur inter abbatem et conuentum de 
Radingis. et nos ex una parte, et Symonem post de Berewyc ex altera, 
super quadam terra in Brigekata domui de May in elemosinam 
collata. Ids tandem amicabiliter sub hac forma quieuit. videlicet, cum 
constitutus esset prior de May procurator abbatis et conuentus de 



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24 CARTE PRIORATUS INSULE DE MAY. 

Rfulingis ad transigendum siue componendum^ predictus Symon dedit 
nobis uiginti solidos pro bono pacis^ eo pacto quod Symon et heredes 
Bui tenebunt terram illam proximam terre quam Waldeuus Rufus 
domui de May legauit. de qua terra aliquando inter nos et Thomam 
filium Eustachii coram eisdem iudicibus fuit litigatum. ynde idem 
Thomas et heredes sui predicto Symoni annuatim respondebunt de 
decern et octo denariis. sepenominatus uero Symon secundum 
formam cartarum quas de antecessoribus nostris habet, persoluet 
domui de May annuatim uiginti denarios ad pascha sine arte et 
malo ingenio. In huius rei uero testimonium sigillum nostrum cum 
sigillis iudicum predictorum presenti scripto apposuimus. valeat 
uniuersitas vestra in domino. 

Carta Gilbert! de Berewe de terra in villa de 

Barewe. 

33. Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis has literas uisuris uel audi- 
turis Gilbertus de Berewe qui dicitur de Sancto Martino, salutem 
in domino. Ad uniuersitatis uestre noticiam nolo peruenire me 
pro anima mea et animabus illustrium regum David^ Malkolmi, 
Willelmi^ et comitis Henrici^ et Ade comitisse, et Alexandri de 
Sancto MartinO; et Ele filie ipsius, et animabus antecessorum et 
successorum meorum, dedisse et hac carta mea coniirmasse Deo et 
Sanctis de May, ct monachis ibidem Deo seruientibus, totam terram 
illam de mora de Barewe proxime adiacentem colli que dicitur 
Witelawe uersus occidentem, illam que accedit michi quando 
predicta mora diuisa fuit inter dominam Elam de Sancto Martino 
et me, scilicet per uiam que dicitur Monkcsgate usque in uallem 
que diuidit terram illam et Witelawe. et sic sicut uallis se extendit 
uersus austrum usque riuulum de Swinedene, et ita per riuulum 
uersus occidentem usque ad noimm fossatum quod Radulphus 



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capeDamifi. de Barcfwe. tunc dbcuiuv de FHl fedi V^jo d:vjf^ iuvr 
ptcdictaoB temun. et umiu iakiii ditrie d'.tUilue Ukr: el u u*^r>fltt 
aquikiiieni uiiqiie M-iLke-cbi*: teuezidikUi de lue ei iter»?'-:''ni^ mtw? 
m libenm ex jiunoii ti jfeTpemakiu eitfiiK»*iiiuuiJL. tx ^t» uiiui: wsmx^^f 

in pegTio :>t^:K'Jt I-:*er:u* ■: ui*^/:!!*- el Ljbvnii'jt'ii'/lut dsr-u* *?: >>«^- 
detur. HniKT bitjcil q .»iis»'_'j'.ajeiL ei *xiu'je^^:j .aj*ai. er- « it*-^'.!*?* 
met ftfeJicd^ uijiut'/Lk tl -junil meruj -i> *-: ♦no^rj^iijui: il vsn^Jiuim 

robnr pert'^uit ImLJU.u*' '.»;cuf*ifci esiii •».'Z. i u**j. ii;»:#j»-j'r* oit T''#i^ 

^; j7. ••r:-^*-tt , ^- J V • '*' "-.■*■• •i* *»»■ *«^'- •* «>. jr *► ^' .-ri .: 

•^-•-•".#-r "t^". -«'■ *• '*'' •*'■* • /^ofyj. ,'A. ,••■/'."/» I* .r^i, 1,11 



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26 CARTE PRIORATUS INSULE DE MAY. 

terrain domine Ele de Sancto Martino. et ita uersus aquilonein 
usque M onekesgate. Tenendam de nobis tamen in uita sua. libera, 
et quiete. et honorifice. et ab omni seruicio et exaccione quietam. et 
absolutam. Reddendo nobis inde annuatim iiij solidos ad duos 
tenninos. scilicet ad pentecosten ij solidos. et ad festum sancti 
Martini ii solidos. Et ut hec donacio et concessio rata sit et 
stabilis utrique parti placuit presentis scripti interposicione. et sig- 
illorum eorum apposicione earn roborare. Hiis testibus. magistro 
Laurencio archidiacono de Sancto Andrea, domina Ela de Sancto 
Martino. Johanne de Morham. Gileberto de Sancto Martino. et 
Badulpho filio eius. Waltero capellano de KareL Johanne capellano 
de Petenewem. Hugone preposito de Peteneweme. et multis aliis. 



Sentencia super tofto de Dunbar. 

35. Omnibus Clmsti fidellbus hoc scriptum visuris uel audituris. 
Magister W. de Mortuo Man domini episcopi Sancti Andree officialis 
et Baldredus decanus Laodonie salutem in Domino. Cum prior et 
conuentus de May Patricium capellanum de Dunbar coram nobis 
in capitulo Laodonie traxissent in causam super domo quadam in 
uilla de Dunbar cum crofta una et duabus perticatis terre arabilis 
ad eandem domum pertinentibus, quam quidem domum cum dictis 
pertinenciis asserebant dicti prior et conuentus Adam Nigrum de 
Dunbar eisdem in puram et perpetuam elemosinam contulisse, et 
pre&tum Patricium eandem domum cum pertinenciis post decessum 
prefati Ade occupasse et iniuste detinuisse^ tandem partibus in pre- 
sencia nostra constitutis lis inter eos hoc fine quieuit, quod sepe 
dictus Patricius coram nobis in pleno capitulo confessus est 
solos dictum priorem et conuentum in ... . domum cum per- 
tinenciis suis ius habere, et prior et conuentus ipsi predictam 



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CARTE PRI0RATU8 INHULK DK MAY. U? 

domum cum prenominatis pertmencuH concoHHorutit tuiiaiiduin iIm mIh 
et soccefisoribus suis sibi et suis aaiognatm \l\ww nt qiilnto In \mr 
petuum, soluendo inde annuatiin trcH MolidoH pro otiitil Mintliilii m\ 
ipsoB pertinente^ videlicet, ad fefstum miiicU iimrtiiii »v|ji lUmMiim 
et ad pentecosten xviii denarioH* Ilaiic nutum piii'itMi ttnuUar ni 
fideliter obseruandam, dictuM Patrictun, \tritpumli\nm iK rliuUti l\^ 
Hadintone, et domino J. uicario ile SoriUiHtn'^^yt'h, Mts imuWn turn 
finnaoit. Nob etiam ad maiorem msicuriiHUsm |^rU alrttnititi t^Htui 
penes priorem et conuentiun r^uuuud, Hlyrjm h^tttim UrimHM ii|/|/«/i^j, 
parti yero alteri i^ipoKita mmt ^.ii^llla illtymui^ iffvmk U ummMn*^. 
Acta in ecclesia parocbiali 'k lU^lhtUH^c mtmf ^rn^'m iAi^-i^i)) , 



Aih dwtf? di(jOH»ir laaiUUjU. «* a»)//rtr'>ljt.i*ii. l/M*«/Ut/<'*'>i.t uj j/ui/<>V>J uiii 
rdiiik- fiaririuiitjuou' <li<»:VMA |>u^t:u>ur UiCiHiu^ pic./^i.Ciiau u*i'j*r 

JClftir tUUttCi^Ui OKliiiir !'j4ki*i:l' Ai^f^iU tt/y<^(.«SAr <«0 iit'>it««.3/<.*\uiii 



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28 CARTE PRIORATUS INSULE D£ MAY. 

cogatis ueritati testimonium perhibere. Datmn Laterani idibus 
Januarii, pontificatus nostri amio tercio. Huius igitur auctoritate 
mandati orta coram nobis materia questionis inter memoratos ab- 
batem et conuentmn de Radingis actores ex una parte, et Adam 
filium Ade filii Philippi burgensis de Subtberewick reum ex 
altera, super quodam tenemento in uilla de Subtberewih in uico 
de Briggegate inter tenementum Walteri de Lindeseya ex una 
parte et tenementum Amaldi le Windrawere ex altera, quod- 
quidem tenementum cum pertinenciis et cum fhictibus preceptis 
quos estimabant quingentas marcas, dicti abbas et conuentus pete- 
bant sibi et ecclesie sue tanquam male alienatum et a dicto Adam 
illicite occupatum reuocari et adiudicari. Tandem cum dicte 
partes coram nobis in dicta causa per biennium et amplius pro- 
cessissent, post midtas altercaciones labores et expensas, die lune 
proxima post festum sancti Luce ewangeliste anno Domino M'^cc'' 
sexagesimo primo, in ecclesia conuentali Sancti Andree inter i)artes 
coram nobis amicabiliter composicio interuenit. videlicet quod dicti 
abbas et conuentus per procuratorem suum ad hoc sufficiens hab- 
entem mandatum accioni quam contra dictum Adam, heredes suos 
uel assignatos super dicto tenemento habuerunt uel aliquo tempore 
potuerunt reuundarunt in perpetuum pro se et successoribus suis, 
saluis tamen sibi et successoribus suis duabus marcis annuatim 
fratribus de May ad duos terminos anni de dicto tenemento in 
uilla de Berewike soluendis, yna scilicet ad festum Sancti Martini 
in hieme et alia ad pentecosten. Ita tamen quod si dictus Adam 
heredes uel assignati sui in solucione alicuius termini defecerint, 
liceat priori de May nomine abbatis et conuentus Radingensis 
dictum tenementiun sine aliqua contradiccione uel impedimento 
dicti Ade, heredum uel suorum assignatorum intrare, et de om- 
nibus bonis ibidem inuentis destriccionem facere, quousque eis 
de dictis duabus marcis et circa earum adquisicionem expensis 



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CARTE PRIORATUS INBULE DE MAY. 29 

fuerit plenarie satisfiEu^tum. Et ne dicti abbas et conuentus contra 
memoratum Adam uel snccessores suos litem super dicto tenemento 
possent in posterum aliquatenuB resuscitare, renmicianmt expresse 
restitucioni in integrum^ omnibus literisi mpetratis et impetrandis, et 
omni quod poterit obici contra istud factum uel presens instru- 
mentum, et omni tam uiris ciuilis quam canonici remedio. In 
cuius rei testimonium presenti scripto in modum cyrographi confecto^ 
sigilla nostra yna cum sigillis dictarum parcium hinc inde duximus 
apponenda. 



Abbas de Dunfermelyn super decimis de 
BaUgallyiL 

3 7. V NIUERSIS sancte matris ecclesie filiis G. dei gracia abbas ecclesie 
Christi de Dunfermelin et omnis conuentus eiusdem, salutem. Sciatis 
noB conoessisse et presentis scripti munimine confirmasse priori de 
May et fratribus ibidem deo seruientibus decimas de Balgallin, ad 
tenendum de nobis in perpetuum ita honorifice eC'quiete, sicut oeteras 
res suas honorificencius et quiecius tenent reddendo nobis inde 
singulis annis decern solidos, dimidium ad festum sancti Michaelis^ 
et dimidium ad Pascha. Valete. 



CoMPOsicio de piscaria de Inchesiiyth et le 
Ryud. 

38. oCIANT uniuersi has literas visuris uel audituris^ quod hec forma 
pacis est inter J. priorem et monachos de May ex vna parte, et 
Duncanum de Inchesireth ex alia, quod omni clamio ex ytraque 
parte remisso possint utrique ad commodum suum trahere retia 



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30 CARTE PRIORATUS IN8ULE DE MAY. . 

sua ultra profundum limitis de Tey hinc inde quantum terre .... 
sine fraude et malo ingenio secundum communem usum patrie. Et 
ut hec eonuencio rata sit et stabilis predictorum. J. prions de May 
et Donecani, et domini Willelmi abbatis de Scona, et aliorum pro- 
borum virorum sigillis roborata est Hiis testibus, Johanne filio 
Michaelis, Alexandro de Blare, Willelmo de Blare^ Benedicto fratre 
predicti Donecani, Jacobo filio Ketel, Willelmo Jubel, Willelmo 
fabro de Karel, Henrico fratre R. prioris de Scona, Adam filio 
Herui de Lasceles, et multis aliis. 



CoMPOsicio inter canonicos de Scona et priorem 
de May super decimis piscarie de Tay. 

H9. UMNIBUS Christi fidelibus hoc scriptum yisuris uel audituris, H. 
prior Saneti Andree et magister L. eiusdem loci archidiaconus et R 
decanus de Fyf salutem in domino, Mandatum domini pape suscepi- 
mus in hec uerba. Gr^orius episcopus seruus seruorum dei, dilectis 
filiis priori et archidiacono Saneti Andree, et decano de Fif, Saneti 
Andree diocesis, salutem et apostolicimi benedictionem. Dilecti filii 
prior et conuentus de May nobis conquerendo monastrauenmt quod 
abbas de Scona et quidam alii Saneti Andree diocesis super quibus- 
dam decimis, piscariis, et rebus aliis iniuriantur eisdem. Ideoque dis- 
crecioni uestre per apostolica scripta mandamus, quatinus partibus 
conuocatis audiatis causam et appellacione remota fine debito ter- 
minetis facientes quod decreueritis per censuram ecclesiasticam 
firmiter obseruari testes autem qui fuerint nominate si se gracia, 
odio, uel timore subtraxerint, censura simili appellacione cessante 
cogatis ueritati testimonium perhibere. quod si non onmes hiis 
exequendis potueritis interesse, duo uestrum ea nichilominus exe- 
quantur Datimi Perusi, xt kalendas Junii, pontificatus nostri anno 



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CARTE PRIORATXJS INSULE DE MAY. 31 

tercio. Huius igitur autoritate mandati partibus in presencia nostra 
constitutis, pars prions et monachorum de May intencionem suam 
fundauit in hiis uerbis. Dicunt prior et conuentus de May quod 
cum ecclesia de Rind cum omnibus decimis mobilium et inuno- 
bilium et aliis pertinenciis suis infra limites parochie de Rind sitis 
ad ipsos pleno iure spectet, abbas et conuentus de Scona decimas 
quatuor piscariarum, videlicet, Sleples, et Elpeneslau, et Chingil et 
Inchesirith, infra parochiam de Rind sitas in preiudicium ecclesie 
de Rind contra omnem iuris formam occupant, et detinent, ynde sibi 
petunt iusticiam exhiberi. De hiis igitur lis inter partes aliquamdiu 
agitata, post altercaciones allegaciones, excepciones, a partibus pro- 
positas, per provisionem iudicum et iurisperitorum assidencium de 
assensu parcium hoc fine conquieuit, videlicet, quod abbas et con- 
uentus de Scona pro bono pacis soluent annuatim in perpetuum 
duas marcas argenti priori et monachis de May, medietatem scilicet 
ad pentecosten, et medietatem ad festum sancti martini, et per banc 
solucionem duarum marcarum liberi erunt canonici de Scona et 
immunes ab omni exaccione et impeticione monachorum de May 
quo ad decimas predictas. etteciam quo ad decimas omnium pis- 
cariarum tunc inter predictas parochias de Rind et de Scona exist- 
encium exceptis decimis piscariarum si que de nouo iure eis 
competent et ad hoc fideliter obseruandum, partes se fide inter- 
posita obligauerunt. Insuper autem ut pax ista amicabiliter et 
caritatiue formata tam de pecunia predicta soluenda tam de pre- 
nominatis terminis solucionis conseruandis, et de immunitate ecclesie 
de Scona quia ad predicta imperpetuum firma sit et stabilis, nos de 
uoluntate parcium eandem confirmamus auctoritate apostolica qua 
fungimur in hae parte, et ad eiusdem pacis securitatem perpetuum 
obseruandam huic scripto in modum cirographi confecto, cuius una 
pars penes abbatem et conuentum de Scona sigillo prioris et 
monachorum de May necnon etiam abbatis et conuentus de Red- 



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32 CARTE PRIORATUa INSULE DE MAY. 

ingis ad confirmandam banc amicabilem composicionem. auctori- 
tatemque eidem prestandam munita residebit altera vero penes 
priorem et monacbos de May sigillo abbatis et conuentus de Scona 
munita residebit. sigilla nostra apposuimus. Acta apud Sanctum 
Andream anno gracie M^'cc*' tricesimo primo. 



CoMPOSicio inter priorem de May et canonicos 
de Driburc. 

40. UMNIBUS Christi fidelibus hoc scriptum uisuris uel audituris, A. 
dei gracia abbas^ et G. prior, de Melros, et R. decanus TeuidaUe, 
salutem in domino. Mandatum domino pape in hec verba suscepi- 
mus : HonoriuB episcopus seruus seruorum dei dilectis filiis abbati 
et priori de Melros, et decano Teuidalie Glasguensis diocesis sal* 
utem et apostolicam benedictionem. Querelam dilectorum filiorum 
abbatis et conuentus de Driburg premonstratencis ordinis recepimus, 
continentem quod prior et monachi de May, et quidam alii diocesis 
Sancti Andree super quibusdam decimis ad ecclesiam eorum de 
Kibretheni de iure spectantibus, et rebus aliis iniuriantur eisdem, 
Ideoque discrecioni yestre per apostolica scripta mandamus, quatinus 
partibus conuocatis audiatis causam, et appellacione remota fine 
debito terminetis; feicientesque quod decreueritis per censuram 
ecclesiasticam firmiter obseruari; testes autem qui fuerint nomi- 
nati, si se gracia, odio, uel timore subtraxerint, censura simili appel- 
lacione cessante cogatis ueritati testimonium perhibere. Quod si 
non omnes etc. Datum Signie v° Idus Augusti. Huius igitur 
auctoritate mandati partibus in nostra presencia constitutis, pars 
canonicorum intencionem suam fiindauit in hiis uerbis: Dicunt 
abbas et conuentus de Driburg quod cum naues et nauicelle pis- 
carie applicantes in riuulo illo qui est medius terminus inter 



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CARTE PRIORATUS INSULE D£ MAY. 33 

parochiam deKilretheny ex parte una et parochiam de Eynstrother ex 
altera propter uicinitatem locorum situ suo metas occupent parochie 
de Kilretheni que extenditur usque in medium alueum eiusdem 
riuuli et anchoras suas infra metas eiusdem parochie figentes ami- 
niculo eiusdem ibidem resident et in metis suis pemoctantur. 
medietas decimarum omnium nauium et nauicellarum piscarianmi 
ibidem applicancium. et metas dicte parochie occupancium de iure 
spectare debet ad matricem ecclesiam de Kiketheni. quam medie- 
tatem in prejudicum eiusdem ecclesie prior et monachi de May ut 
dicunt dicti abbas et conuentus sibi usurpant et detinent Tude sibi 
petunt iusticiam exhiberL ista autem dicunt saluo sibi iure addendi 
uel mutandi uel minuendi. De hiis igitur lis inter partes ali- 
quamdiu agitata per prousionem iudicum de assensu parcium hoc 
fine quieuit quod monachi de May pro bono pacis soluent annu- 
atim in perpetuum ynam marcam aigenti. medietatem ad Pente* 
costen. et medietatem ad festum sancti Martini ecclesie parochiali de 
Kebetheni in eadem ecclesia. scilicet procuratori abbatis et canoni- 
corum ad hoc constituto et per banc solucionem dicte marce 
liberi erunt monachi et immunes ab onmi exaccione et impeticione 
canonicorum quo ad omnia supra nominata. hoc saluo. quod 
canonici de parrochianis propriis. hoc [est] de hiis qui recipiunt 
spiritualia iure parochiali in ecclesia canonicorum commorantibus 
in eadem parochia ad dictam partem litoris applicantibus decimas 
int^re percipient, monachi vero de omnibus aliis aliunde uenien- 
tibus ad eandem partem litoris applicantibus decimas per- 
cipient int^raliter* et neutra pars in preiudicium alterius aliquid 
attemptabit. Vt autem pax ista amicabiliter et caritatiue formata 
in perpetuum firma sit; nos de uoluntate parcium eandem con- 
firmamus apostolica auctoritate qua fungimur. et ad eius secu* 
ritatem perpetuam huic instrumento signa nostra vna cimi sigillis 
parcium. et cum sigillo abbatis de Redinghis fecimus apponi. Acta 

D 



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CoMFOHicio inter priorem de May et Macc4mam 
pincemam gaper capella de Riccardeston. 

41. HeC conneiD freto cat ater Joht— it pffiocn de Msf et 

enMoefli loei dNHestsBL et Julcoonm pncccHfli qoshh r^v^ 
fideoeet qaod {wraittai JonmKS pfior et conKiteik aft i wrt jite 
wtiiii— de Kqr et mhl ooBeeasenatt «t ooni £e doHiniem et 
feria im* et tT eeletwrtir in capella de Bksideitom a c^dbno de 
fUmJMffm, ad ab alio per earn, et in p te iipiuB featM. acifieet £e 
aatalis domini et iii aeqaestibaa. puificatioiiia. paarhc aiinMiiiiB 
pentecoalea. aananpeioiiBk natiiitatia. omniaa aaBctunm. Et at 
ibi pania benedictiia detar ab honriniboa cJnadem aiPe tantaai. et 
porificeotttr ibi fenuDe eiaadem mile tantmn ibidon et confiDaaoBeai 
bciaat aed af gB Ptum ad oeiemn matrici eedeaie de Rjadalgroa 
poaotoeot* et in eadem matiioe eodeaia eommnninwem in die 
paadie perc ip ie nt Ipae tamen Malarfmna et eioa lieredea com 
ffunilia aoa ntmm uohierint in capdla uel in matiioe eodeaia 
comnranionem perc ip ie nt Preterea aMiceaseront predicto Ifol- 
CKAmo et eina beredibaa nt habeant in piedicta capella capcJlanmn 
miniatitmtem ita tamen nt prina fidelitatem fiuaat matrici eodeaie 
de ItindaJgroa. Hec omnia conoeaaorant predictna prior et mon- 
achi aepedicto Malcofano et eina beredibaa. aalno inre et indemp* 
nitate matrida eccleaie. adlioet eccleaie de Bindalgroa. ^edictna 
oero Malcolmua pro aalute anime sae ccmfirmamt preaenti acripto 
donacionem terre qnam pater auna dedit ddem capeDe. et pro 
aalute anime aoe et anteceaaoram et aucceaaoram auoram dedit 
prefiite capelle in augmentum. iiii acraa in puram et peipetnam 



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CARTE PBIORATUS INSULB D£ MAY. 36 

elemoBmam. Et ut hec conuencio inuiolabiliter pennaiieat in per- 
petanm. sigillonmi suonim et aUoruin appensione earn roborauenmt 
Hiis teetibus. domino Willelmo episcopo Sancti Andree. magistro 
Bannlfo archidiacono. magistro Laurencio officialL Patricio abbate 
Dmifermelin. Willelmo abbate de Scona. Gvidone abbate de Lun- 
dors. Thoma priore Sancti Andree. Willelmo decano de Earal. 
Michaele et Innocencio canonicis de Scona. Johanne de PekerL 
Hngone Maleherbe. et multis aliis. 



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INDEX TO THE PREFACE, ETC. 



AchardoB, prior of May, be 
Adam, son of Philip, bai^gesa of North Ber- 
wick, xviii 
Adam, Prior of Pittenweem, Ixi 
Adrian, St., L; his settlement in Fife, and 
in the Isle of May, ii ; his martyixlom, 
T. ; chapel on the Isle of May, xli. ; mins 
of, liv. ; miracles at, xli ; a resort of 
barren women, xli ; pilgrimages of James 
rv. to, xlU 
Alva, church of; dedicated to St Serf, Ixxii 
Andrew, Prior of Pittenweem, Ixiii 
Andrews, St., early settlers at, vii 
Andrews, St., Henry, bishop of, xcii 
Andrews, St, William, bishop of, xci 
Anstrather, parish church of, xx; ques- 
tion as to tithes between it and the 
church of Kilrenny, xx 
Ardarie, in Fife, granted to the House of 

May, XV 
Asleif Swein plunders the priory of May, ix 

Baldred, dean of Lothian, xxiii 

Baldred, St., his settlement on the Bass, 
iii; his monastery at Tyningham, iii 

Baldwin, prior of May, Ix 

Balfour, Sir James, prior of Pittenweem, 
xxxvii, Ixiv 

Balgallin granted to the monks of May, xii 

Baliol, King John, cited by Edward I. 
touching the claim of the monks of Bead- 
ing for the restoration of the house of 
May, xxiv, Ixxxrii, Ixxxix 

Barton, Bobert, of Over Bamton, ' mariner,' 
xliv 

Bass, parish church on rock of^ iv; dedi- 
cated to St Baldred, It 

Beaueyr, William de, grant by, to the 
house of May, xr 



Bele, croft at, granted by the Earl of Dun- 
bar, feued out as the Belheuyne Croft or 
Monk's Croft, xxxix 

Brandanes, the, of Bute, Ixxiv 

Buchan, Earl of, grant by, xv 

Caplachie or Caiplie, in Fife; sculptured 
caves at, v 

Constantine's Cave at Fifeness, v 

Ceres, grant of a glass lamp in church of, 
xvii 

Chingil, a fishing in the Tay, xix 

Clackmannan, commonty in forest of, grant- 
ed to the monks of May, xi 

Clackmannan, Gilleserfs of, xi ; note on, Ixxi 

Clackmannan, part of the early demesne 
lands of the Crown, Ixxiv 

Coldingham, John commendator of, ciii 

Dauidsone, Walter, prior of Pittenweem, 

Ixiii 
Dischintoun, William, 6f Ardross, xxx ; gets 

the lands of Grangemuir for defending 

the rights of the priory of Pittenweem, 

xxxi ; baiUie of the lands of Pittenweem, 

Ldii 
Dremscheles granted to the monks of May, 

xiii 
Dunbar, chaplain of, xviii 
Dunbar, Earls of, Gk>spatric and Patrick, 

grants by, to the house of May, xiv 
Dtindemore, Sir John, question between 

him and the monks of May, xvi ; Sir 

Henry, xvii 
Dunfermline, abbot of, his ship, li 
Dunning dedicated to St Serf, Ixxiii ; his 

cell there, Ixxiii ; he kills a d^on there, 

Ixxiii 
Dysart, St. Serf's cave at, v 



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38 



INDEX TO THB PREFACE. 



ElchOy prionn of, evil 

ElpensUra, a fishing in the Tay, zix 

Ethenian, St., giant for his light, zri ; 

reyerenced in Bachan, zvi ; hia retreat in 

the hill of Mormond, zvi 
Eulogia, or holy loaf, note of, zxi 

Fethe, Walter, notary-public, zcvi 

Fillan, St, hia ivell in care at Pittenweem, t 

Finyirie, or St Monana, zi 

Foreman, Dene Bartholomo, chamherlain of 
the abbey of Pittenweem, Iziii 

Forman, Dene Berale, cri 

Forman, John, clerk of the Barony Conrt of 
Pittenweem, crii 

Forman, Robert, oommendator of Pitten- 
weem and dean of Qlasgow, Iziii 

Oilleaeift of Clackmannan, zi ; note on, Izzi 
Oueldrea, Mary o^ queen of James U., her 

devotiona at St Adrian's chapel, zliii 
Gospatric, Earl of Dunbar, granta by, to 

the honse of May, zii 

Haddington, priest of^ zviU 

Haldenston, Jamea of, canon of St. Andrews, 
zcii 

Halenxdhonss, Robert, commendator of^ ciii 

Halybnrton, James, commendator of Pitten- 
weem, zzzrii 

Hermit of the Isle of May, gifts to, zlii ; 
brings ''ane selch to the king," zlii 

Hugh of Mortimer, prior of May, Iz 

Hugh of Mortnn, prior of May, bd 

Hugh, prior of May, bdi 

Ineheseryth, ^ fishing in the Tay, ziz 

Incheseryth, Duncan of, ziz 

"Inverin qui fnit Aberin," note on the 
argument of Mr. Oeoige Chalmers from 
these wordi, z ; the correct reading, 
** Inuerin que ftiit Auemi," z ; early 
division of Inuerin, z 

Ivo, prior of May, Iz 

James IV., his pilgrimages to the Isle of 
May, zlii, zlVi, Izzri; his pilgrimages 
to St Duchac's, in Roes, zlvi, zliz, Izziz, 
Izzzii; his pflgrimage to Whithorn, 
zliz,lzzzii 

John Fitzmichael, grant by, to the house 
of May, ziy 

John, prior of May, Izi, Izii 



Katherine, St, her well, offerings of King 

James IV . at, 1 
Kentigem, St, notices of, vi, vii 
Enychtsoun, Thomaa, buron-baillie depute 

of Pittenweem, gy 

Lauder, Robert, of the Base, iy 
Leimonth, Patrick, of Dersy, charter to, of 

the lale of May, zcvii 
Leslie, Eufeme, prioress of Elcho, cvii 
Lindsay, Walter de, zviii 
Lingoc, part of the waate of Kelly, granted 

to tiie house of May, zlii ; f eued out, 



Martin, prior of May, Izii 

May, Isle of, the retreat of St Adrian, ii ; 
its early reputation as a fishing station, 
yiii ; a prioiy erected on it, viii ; granted 
to the monka of Reading, iz ; plundered by 
Swein Asleif, iz ; donations to by Scot- 
tish kingB,z ; tithes of fishing at, zii,ziii ; 
afterwsids called the priory of Rtten- 
weem zvi ; the priory bought from the 
monks of Reading, zziii ; tiieir attempta 
to recover it, zziii-zzv; granted to the 
canons of St Andrews, zzv ; feued out, 
zzziz ; chapel of St Adrian at» zli ; as a 
resort of seals, li ; the abbot of Holy- 
rood's men fish at, 11 ; lighthouse built 
on, lii, liii ; grass of; liii. 

MayscheliB in Lambeomor granted to the 
monka of May, ziv ; its boundaries, ziv ; 
feued out to William Cockbum, zzziz 

Melroes and Kelso, Jamea, oommendator of, 
ciii 

Monan, St., one of St. Adrian'a oompaniona, 
y; setties at Inueiy, v ; his well, liz ; 
" limitee sancti Monani," liz 

Monans, St, or Finvirie, zi; manor, or 
"new werk" of, zi 

Moncreiff, George, gets a half of the lands 
of Rynd, zzzviL 

Moncreiff John, gets a half of the lands of 
Rynd, zzzviii 

Mydlar, Schir Jhoue, chaplain, cv 

N., prior of May, Izii 

Nortii Berwick, vicar of, zviii 

Nory, William, canon of St Andrews, zdi 



Perth, can of ships at, zii 



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IKDEX TO THE PREFACE. 



39 







ither, lands of, granted to the house of 
w\ ziii ; feaed oat, xxzix 
— e.in's Haven^ Isle of May, Ivi 

» '4 ^-f fttenweem, priory of^ formerly the priory 
.'>Vl« 'l^the Isle of May, xzri, zzyil ; lands 
J ^f erected into a regality, xzviii ; t^ 
^"M^mMxtA, to the see of St Andrews as aiAwfK 
^. |<Mkl possession, xzyiii; provision for. a 
•H -'siU&agan bishop, resident with the arch- 
* tj r J^^ff.«*l^op, xziz; annexation not acted on, 
•. .-.*j*f ^*>i^llx; lands of, erected into a barony, 
'\\ itrum Chsrtarom de, in Ar- 

J^ ,%,^ * ^•^* ^f\T« IJfiff Hi* de Elie, xxxii; in Bibl. 
'' ^*l Y i*J*%*t Jcxjfvi; commendator of^ zzzvi ; 
.' V*' vl^*g|B;nt*rl to William Stewart, xzzviii ; 
'<** 'iT***?*'^^**'^ ^^*** a lordship, zzxviii ; act of the 
* ■ -•• * *y* ^^^'^^y Court of, CY. 
'* ' Wpti, H'?i^raf May/lxU 

fhg, 'iiilVWt of, claims the priory of 
JxutTf . 

«|f)4^i], prior of Pittenweem, zzx ; 
olesi tlie possessions of the prioiy, 
il ; tiit) tncpntinency, zxxiv ; his four 
,?t1 i^oTirf, Who are styled "clerici sen 
■'tvi.\ t f. ftudentes," zzxiv ; a book be- 
{ \^i^l«iug to 1 1 ini, ttUed «' Book of the Kings 
^2Wt!^^'^I ' "*^* of the Scots," xxxiv ; he is 
iW^i?^f^^'^jf -tl;!'' Lords of Session, bdv ; cited 
^^^^i?V^f* (liipe^w f^ofore the commendator of St 
'\» •^hSv V^gi|re«h, x^-T ; gets letters of protection 
'S' ^. . *< Ti*" thu prior of St. Andrews, cii ; styled 
jfTiiirmctitftr of the priory of Pittenweem, 

. - • . 5.'#*Kio|^rd, prior of May, Ixii 
':. ■* l^-l^ppjuRiBstone, chapel of, its rights in con- 
''♦^^\a»ction with those of the parish church 
' . •^"•*«^Rynd, xxi 
. ^.; !';^^UDgia]groa,Tillof, xi; a cell of May at, xi ; 
^ M^ WiM of, zii ; questions between the 
« ' • • , *.* monks of May and their neighbours, xix 
• . v' A)f^ prior of May, Ix 
'-m' ' i^^^AvM Cartanun et Monimentonun Soocie, 

. '^.^fVi^ James, son of the prior of Pitten- 
• •*/• 3^eem, pension to, ciii 
._ . .fTteull, John, son of the prior of Pitten- 
; * -:' i " weem, pension to, ciii 




'% 



Roull, Ninian, son of the prior of Pitten- 
weem, xwnsion to, dii 
RouU, William, son of the prior of Pitten- 
weem, pension to, ciii 
RowU, Janet, pension to, ex 
Rule, St., his cave at St Andrews, v 
Rynd, parish church of, Its rights in rela- 
, tion to the chapel of Ricardestone, xxi ; 



■•Vft:^'^ 



Salt-pans of the priory of Pittet^Wenm, Ivii'*' ^ 
Scone, abbot of, his ship, li -*. • • ^.> -^ ^ ;• • 

Scott, Thomas, baron-lMdltifi bTPitten^iyeip; ^ • '. • 

cv \::\ -"..l- •.'!.•• *: ; 

Serf, St, his cave at DysJirf^.t . '/• .. .'vV w- ' *.. ^ 
St Andrews, James, coraiftgniiat!^ of, *xc*Vy ' / v; ., 

Sleples, a fishing in the (Pay,- xi3C • •' , V •/ -«• *.<.• 
^wart, Frederick, geti'.&^^UDid df'-^Wifc^ •*••/• 

priory erected into a lordWjipi^MKviil ^' /^ .•• , , 
Stewart, James, <Jomm^2(4t6r.jof>Pittfn^ * * * 

weem, xxxvi, Ixiv •*..*. ';*• / •'* :' 

Stewart, William, captain' l^'the^^lting's^ 

Guard, gets the priory of .Pittenweem, ^^,- . 

xxxviii / ■ -. . ^y.l 

Strang, Geoiige, of Balcaslr^, L^ ' ' • * f^'' 
StraDg8,-family of, at Pittenvee^i, hoi ;.Sir'^r: • 

Robert Strange ddscendB^^boiUr IX^.', J? • • . 

Tabula Mtmibintonini i]l^j^peftdi(ie',.oxv' .'^*i; . I*'-. » 
Thomas Fitz-Gdstace^^mdqtion'be€wlNm^i{>j^kV.' 

the house of i^iyC «vli . .^ * * < ;• " . • j^i*/' .^ 
Todrik, John; iibtary-public, xcvr • • • '. >V;V . 
Tullycoultry, chtvrch of, d^cated itb^^Stif.': /* 

Serf, Ixxii -.: • .V^t^ . ' 

• ■'" ■/'■ s>t^\ ••*- 

Wemyss, East, sculptured caves ^ vc . \ • • ^ ^ J • 
Whithome, silver relic offered sft^by Kj[n^. ' 
James rv., 1 ■■:.'.'' ^i' 

William, prior of May, Ixi .. A 

William, prior of May, Ixii -'.J- 

Wilson, William, canon of St A^odrews, xct|f 
Windrawere, Arnald de, xviii ' . ' ^ .1 ' ' 

Wood, Sir Andrew, of Largo, gets a grant'- 
from James IV., on conditioii of hir* 
accompanying the king and queen on the|f 
pilgrimages to the Isle of May, xlii - ; '/ 












• • V 1 1 • •• . • r 




:354^H0 






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INDEX TO THE CHARTERS. 



A. (Adam), abbas de Melros, 84 

Achardus, prior of May, 4 

Ada, Comitiflsa, 17 

Ada, filioB QUberti de Potdwrt, 16 

Adam, filius Ade, filii Philippi, bui^gensis de 

Suthberewick, 28 
Adam, Alius Herui de Lasceles, 30 
Adam, filius Udardi, 25 
Adam Niger, de Dmibar, 26 
Alanus, capeUaniis de Berewe, 25 
Alanus, filing Patridi, 16 
Alanus, filius Willelmi, senescallus Nesii de 

London, 16 
Alexander IL, charters by, 12, 18 
Alexander, sheriff of Stirling, 10 
Alfwinus, son of Archil, 8 ; Alfwinus, Mac 

Archil, 8 
Amestroder (Anstruther), grant from ships 

coming to 9 
Andrew, bishop of Caithness, 8, 4 
Ardarie, grant of lands of, 17 
Amaldus de Windrawere in Suthberewick, 

28 
Avemus, owner of part of Inuerrin, or In- 

veryn, now St Monan's, 8 

Baldredus, decanus, Laodonie, 26 

Balgallyn, 29 

Ballegtdlin half of lands of, granted to the 

Church of May, 2 ; confirmed, 7 
Barewe, Mora de, 24, 25 
Beaueir, Willelmus de, grant by, 17 
Benedictus, frater Duncani de Inchesireth, 

80 
Berewe, Oilbertus, qui dicitnr de Sancto 

Martino, 24, 25 
Berkele, (Berkeley), Walter of, high 

Chamberlain, 10, 11 
Berwick, a toft in, granted to the church of 



May, 2 ; confirmed, 7, 8 ; charter granted 
at, 9 
Blare, Alexander de, 80 
Blare, Willelmus de, 80 
Bolbec, Walter de, 2 
Bolk, Willelmus, 18 
BriciuB, clericus, 17 
Brientius dominus, 1 
Briggate in Suthberewick, 28 
Brydun, Walter de, 1 
Buchan, Alexander Comyn, Earl of, grant 

by, 18 
Buchan, William Earl of, 12 
BumeuUe, Robertus de, 16 
Bumside, 15 

Byaumis, Hugo de, 19 '.' 
Byset, Walterus, 13 
Byset, Willelmus, 18 

Camboc, charter of Inspeximus dated at, 

18 
Camelin, Anselmus de, 18 
Camera, Herbertus de, 10 
Camerarius Ricardus, miles, 21 
Caral (CraU), Willelmus capellanus de, 17 
Carlisle, John, Bishop of, 18 
Cateneis (Caithness), Andrew, bishop of, 3 
Chellin (Kelly), common pasture in, granted 

to the House of May, 3 ; confirmed, 7 
Cherel, schira de (Crail, shire of), 3, 7 
Chester, John, bishop of, 18 
Chingil, piscaria de, 31 
Clacmanec (Clacmanan), commonty in wood 

of, granted to the House of May, 3 ; 

Oilleserfis of, 8 
Clam (Clonin !), charter granted at, 10 
Clonin (Cluny), charter granted at, 12 
Cocus, Johannes de Abircrumby, 21 
Cocns, Johannes de Balcasky, 21 



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42 



INDEX TO THE GHARTEBa 



Comyn, Alexander, Earl of Bochan, grant 
by. 18 

CoTentty and Lichfield, Walter, bishop of, 
13 

Cnmin, '^HUiam, Earl of Bnehan, Justiciary 
of Scotland, 12 

Cnmin William, 9 

Gnpar, sentence by the Bishop of St An- 
drews, dated at, 21 

D. Oericns de Hadintone, 27 

David I., charters by, to the Honse of 

May. 1, 2, 8, 4 
David, Earl (of Huntingdon), 8 ; the king's 

brother, 11 
Despenser, Hngh le, 18 
Dnnfermelyn, 0. (Qalfredns), abbas de, 29 
Drem»4cheles, grant of^ to the Honse of 

May, 13 
Dunbar, honse and toft in, grant of, 7 
Dunbar, Patrick, earl of^ grants by, 14, 15 
Duncan, son of Adam of Kilcunkath, 17 
Duncan, the earl [of Fife^ 2, 8, 4, 8, 9, 11 
Dundemore, Henricus de, miles, 21 
Dundemore, Johannes de, mUes, 19, 20 
Dunfennelin, charten granted at, 8, 4, 6 
Dunfermelin, Patrick, abbot of, 36 
Dunfermline, (Geoffrey, abbot of, 1 
Dunkeld, Oregory, bishop of; 8 

E. (Edwaid) abbot of Reading, 1 
Edinburgh, charter granted at, 8, 11, 12 
Edward I., charter of Inspezimus by, 148 
Edward, the King's chancellor, 1, 8, 4 
Einestrother (Aynstruther), Gaofridus de 

17 
Ela, filiA Alezandri deSancto Martino, 24, 26 
Elpenslau, piscazia de, 81 
Erdross, (Ardross) shire of^ common 

pasturage in, 5 
Era, fishings in granted to the House of 

May, 5 
Ernaldus, abbot of Kelso, 2, 4 . 
Erth, Benuudus de, 19 
Etherninus Sanctus, 19 
Eynstrother (Anstruther), parochia de, 83 

Ferseleya de, Gkdfridus, miles, 21 

Fife, Earl of, 2, 8, 4, 8, 9 

Fitz Michael, John de, grants by, 15, 16 

Fraser Bemaid, 18 

Fyf, Radulftis, decanus de, 80 



O., Prior de Melros, 82 

Galfridus, fiUus Ricardi, 12 

Geoffrey, abbot of Dunfennline, 1, 3, 4 

Giifard, Johannes, 25 

Giifard, William, 1, 8 

GObert de Umfhiville, 2 

Gilbert, Earl (of Strathem) 10 

Gilebeitus, De Sancto Martino, 26 

Gilebertus, filius Brieii, derid, 17 

GiUeoohn Macdnbethin, 2 

GiUeserfis of Clacmanec (Clacmanui), 8 

Gillopatric, Machturfid, 5 

Goselaw, 15 

Gospatric, Earl, (of Dunbar), 6 ; grants by 

6,7 
Gregorius, bishop of Dunkdd, 8 
Guido, abbas de Lundors, 85 

H. (Henricus), prior a Andree, 80 
Hadingtona, sancti monialium rector de, 25 
Hadintone, Actum in eodesia parochiali de, 

27 
Haia, Willelmus de^ 10, 11 
Haleth, Adam de, dericus, 19 
Hastengys, David de, 18 
Haya, David de^ 12 
Haya, Thomas de, 12 
Henricus, firater R, prions de Soona, 80 
Henricus, Magister, dericus regis, 10 
Herbertus, the chamberlain, 1 
Herbert, IJie chamberiain (abbot of Keko, 

bishop of Glasgow), 2, 4 
Hostiarius, Thomas, 12 
Hugh, bishop of St Andrews, 9 
Hugh de Moieville, 2, 8, 5, 6 
Hugh le Despenser, 18 
Hugh, the lung's chancdlor, 10 

Inchesireth, Duncanus de, 29, 80 

Inchesirith, piscaria de, 29, 31 

Innocendus, canonicus de Soona, 85 

Inuerin, Malcolmus de, 18 

Inuenrin, part of which belonged to Avemus 
(Inveryn, now St Monan's) granted to 
the House of May, 8 ; oonflrmed, 5, con- 
firmed, 7 

I. vicarius de Northberewych, 27 

J. (loannes), prior de May, 89, 80 
Jacobus, filius Ketel, 30 
Johannes, a^wllanus de PMnewem, 26 
Johannes de hi Mare, 18 
Johannes, filius Michaelis, 80 



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nn>BX TO THE CHARTERS. 



43 



Johannes, prior de Maj, 84 
Jabel Willelmnfl, 80 

Kalnorbime^ 16, 16 

Karal (CraU), Reingod da, 17 

Kftral (Grail), WmelmnB, decanns de, 35 

Karal (Cndl), faber d^ 80 

Kellin, Thomas capeUanns de, 18 

Kilcunkath, Adam de, 17 

Kilredeni (Kilrenny), Willelmns eapellaniiB 

de, 17 
KOietheny (Kilienny), parochU de, 88 
Kingiabiiine^ 14 
Kingis^ete, 14, 16 
Kyngorn, charter granted at, 2 

L. (Lanrentiua), Magister, archidiaconns 

Sanctl Andree, 80 
Lambennor, Lambyrmnr, 15 
Lasoeles, Radnlphus de, miles 15 
Laurence, Archdeacon of St Andrews, 18, 

22, 28, 26 
Lanrencins, Magister, offidalis (S. AndreeX 

85 
Lincoln, Henry, Earl of, 18 
London, Robert, son of King William the 

Lion, 16, 18 
Lindeseya Waltenxs de, in Sathberewick, 28 
Lindesie, Walter de, 2, 6 
London, Nesns de, 15 
Ltngoc (Lingo), confirmed to the Honse of 

May, 12 
Lingoch (lingo), land near, granted at, 18 
Lingoch, Ulfbs de, 18 
Unlithcn (Linlithgow), charter granted at, 6 
Lonchor, dominus David, miles, 15 
Londoniis, Robertas de, frater regis, 12 
Lnndors, Nicholas, abbot of, 15 
Lnndin, Thomas de, 17 
Lnndores, J. (John), abbot of, 22, 28 
London, Onido, abbas de, 85 

Macbet Hac Torfln, 2, 8 

Hacchinbethin Oillecolm, 2 

Mac Torfln Maehet, 2; Mac Torfln Macbet, 8 

Mainard, Robertas, 21 

MalaTiUa, Qalfridos, da, 8 

Malcolm IV., charters by, to the House of 
May 5, 6 

Malcolmos (de Soles), pinceraa domini Re- 
gis, 84 

Maleherbe, Hugo, 85 



Maleoile, Galfridos de, 17 
Malenile^ Ricardns de, 21 
Malerer, GkOfridns de, 10 
Malkaroiston, Adam de, prepoeitos eoelesie 

Sancti Marie, civitatis a Andree^ 21 
Malmore, thane of Kelly, 2 
Mare, Robertas, le, 18 
Mary, St, Viigin, chapel of in the Isle of 

May, 19 
Mathew, archdeacon of St Andrews, 6, 8 
May, Chorch of; a cell of Reading. 2, 10 ; 

AU Saints chnich of; 2, 7, 10, 12, 18 
May, fishings round the Island, 6 
May, Honse of> to consist of 18 monks, 8 
May, Joannes, prior de, 29, 80, 84 
May, prior of; Achsidos, 8 ; WilUam, prior 

of, 7 
May, Radulphns, prior de, 28 
Mayscheles, grant of; 16 
Melros, Adam, abbas de, 82 
Merlei Rogeros, 15 
Morerille Hngh de, 2 8, 5 
Meroin, senriens, Eggon RolB, 18 
Michael, canonieos de Soona, 85 
Michael, son of John, 17 
Monkesgate, 25, 26 

MorsTille, Richard, de, high Constable, 8, 1 1 
Morham, Johannes, de^ 26 
Mortemer, William, of, 10 
Montfichet, Willelmos de, 12, 18 

Nesins, son of William, 8 

Nicholas, high Chancellor, 8 

Nicholans, clericus, 5 

Nicolans, clericos, 1 ; cancellarius, 11, 12 

Noreis Gilebertas, 25 

01ifr(01ififfd),Dayid,8 

Ormistnn, dominns Alanos de, miles, 15 

Osbertns, prior of Jedborgh, 2 

Panscheles, 16 

Patricias, capeUanos de Donbar, 26 

Patricias, filios Ade, 15 

Patrick, abbot of Dnnfennelin, 85 

Penkatlan, Johannes de, 25 

Perth, charter granted at, 8, 10 

Perth, grant of part of the King's can of, 7 

Peteneweme (Pittenweem), prepositos de, 26 

Petkeri, Johannea de, 17, 85 

Petnewem (Pittenweem), capeUanns ds^ 26 

Petnewem^ Pennewen(Pittenweem), granted 



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44 



INDEX TO THE CHARTERS. 



to the House of May, 3 ; confirmed, 5, 

confirmed, 7 
Petother, lands of, granted to May, 10 
Poolwrt (Polwart), GUbert de, 16 
Prebenda, de, Ricaidns, dericns rQg;i8, 10 

Quocus (Cocus), Thomas, 18 

R. (Ricardns), decanns Tevidalie, 82 
Rading (Reading), charter granted at, 11 
Radnlfns, capellanus regis, 10 
Radnlphus, capellanns de Barewe, decanns 

de Fife, 25 ; 
Radnlphus capellanus de Karel, 25 
Radulphus capellanus de Donecanelowe, 25 
Radulphus, de Sancto Martino, 26 
Radnlphus, prior de May, 23 
Ralph, bishop of London, 13 
Ranulfus, Magister, archidiaconus S. An- 

dree, 35 
Reding, Church of St Mary and Convent 

of, 1 
Ricardestona, capella de, 34 
Ricardns de Prebenda, clericus regis 10, 
Richard, son of Hugh, 10 
Ridel, Hugh, 8 
Rind (Rynd), ecclesia de, 31 ; parochia de, 

31 
Rindalgros, caxwUanus de, 34 ; ecclesia de, 

34 
Rindalgros, granted to the Abbey of Read- 
ing, 1 ; a cell of the House of May, 4 ; 

Monks of, 4 
Rindelgros, Willelmus, clericus de, 17 
Robertus capellanus, 17 
Rousel, Robertus, 25 
Roger de mortuo man, 13 
Roesyn, 19 

Rufl'us, Donecanus, 18 
Ruffus, Eggou, grant by, 18 
Ruffus, Robertus, 17 
Ruffus, Waldeuus, 22, 24 
Rynd, le, piscaria, 29 

Salelioc, Alanus de, 21 
Sancti Andree, Henricus, prior, 30 ; St. An- 
drews, Hugh, Bishop of, 9. 
Sancti Andree, Magister Laurentius, archi- 
diaconus, 30 
Sancti Andree, Ranulfus, archidiaconus, 35 
Sancti Andree, Thomas, prior de, 35 
Sancti Andree, Willelmus, episcopus, 9, 14, 
16,35 



Sancti Martini, Alexander, 24 

Scona, WUlelmus, Abbas d^ 30, 36 

Scone, Abbot of, 22, 23 

Silvester, rector of the Nuns of Hadington, 

26 
St Andrews, John, Prior of, 15 
Sleples, piscaria de, 31 
Stirling, charter granted at, 13 
Strivelin, Henricus de, filius comitis, 13 
Strotherhefed, 16 
Sumerville, William of, 6 
Suthberewick, villa de, 28 
Swineden, rivulus, 24, 25 
Symon, capellanus, 17 
Symon post de Berewyc, 23 
Synebume, dominus W. de, 19 
Syreis (Ceres), Church of, 20 

Tevidalie, Ricardns, decanus de, 32 

Tey (Tay), fishings in, granted to the House 

of May, 5 
Thomas, abbas de Lundors, 27 
Thomas filius Eustachii de Berewyc, 22, 24 
Thomas, prior Sancti Andree, 35 
Turbrech, Lands of, 19, 20, 21 

Umfraville, Gilbert de, 2 

Valoniis, Philippus de, the King's chamber- 
lain, 9, 10, 11 
Valoniis, Rogerus de, 11 

W. de mortuo mari, officialis S. Andree, 26 
Waldeue, son of Merlesswein, 17, 18 
Waldeve, Earl (of Dunbar), 8 
Walichope (Wauchope), dominus Robertus 

de, 19 
Walter de Bolbec, 2 

Walter de Bydun, 1 ; the High Chancellor, 11 
Walter de Lindesie, 2, 6 
Walter, High Chancellor, 2, 4, 5, 6 
Walter, son of Alan (High Steward of Scot- 
land), 2, 6, 8, 11, 12 
Walterus, capellanus de Karel (Crail), 26 
Walterus capellanus regis, 10 
Wemes (Wemyss), Ralph, rector of, 17 
Willelmus, abbas de Scona, 30, 35 
Willelmus de Boscho, 9 ; High Chancellor, 

12 
Willelmus decanus de Karal, 35 
Willelmus, episcopus Sancti Andree, 9, 14, 

15,35 
Willelmus, faber de Karel, 80 



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INDEX TO THE GHARTERS. 45 

WillelmoB, frater Roberti Roffi, 17 < Windidure, 14, 16, 16 

WiUelmiM Patric [u], 15 I Winethes, 16 

William, bishop of St Andrews, 9 Wishard, dominns Johannes Miles, 15 



Witelawe, collis, 24, 25 
Wyndleshora, Walterns de, 11 



William, elect of Qlasgow, High Chan- 
cellor, 18 
William, prior of May, 7 
William the Fleming, 10 York, William, Archbishop of, 18 

William the Lion, grants by, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 | 



FINIS. 



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