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Full text of "Records relating to the early history of Boston .."

OF THE 



i "d Co mmlssioners. 




Ucs, 

BOSTONIA7 



STON TOWN RECORDS, 

: 742 + . 
i i 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 

NOT TO BE TAKEN AW 




A REPORT 



BECORD COMMISSIONERS 



CITY OF BOSTON, 



CONTAINING THE 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1742 TO 1757. 



BOSTONIA 

CONDITA.AD. 

1630 




BOSTON: 

ROCKWELL AND CHURCHILL, CITY PRINTERS, 

No. 39 ARCH STREET. 
1885. 



r o^> 

PUBLIC 



' 



Y/' 






[DOCUMENT 170 1885.] 




CITY OF i 9 BOSTON. 



A REPORT 



RECORD COMMISSIONERS, 



The present report, the fourteenth in number, is a con- 
tinuation of the Town Records, and is continuous with the 
Twelfth Report. The entries cover the period from March 
14, 1742-3, through November 1, 1757, comprising the third 
and fourth of the manuscript volumes. 

The Tenth Report is still in the press, but will appear in a 
few months. 

The Fifteenth Report will continue the Selectmen's Records, 
and a portion is already in type. 

WILLIAM H. WHITMORE, 
WILLIAM S. APPLETON, 

* 

Record Commissioners. 

CITT HALL, BOSTON, December, 1885. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS. 



Anno Domini: 1742-3 

[5O9.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston in Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil 
Hall on Monday the Fourteenth Day of March, A. D. 1742. 

Prayer being made by the Rev d . Charles Channcey D. D. 

The Honourable John Jeffries Esq r . Acquainted the Town that 
this being the first time of Meeting in Faneuil Hall since the Death 
of Peter Faneuil Esq r . the Founder of the same, The Select Men 
having Determined that same proper Respect should be paid to his 
Memory, had Appointed & Desired Mr. John Lovell Master of the 
South Grammar School to do the same, And then the said Mr. 
Lovell having taken the Moderators Seat, which was hung in 
Mourning Cloth made an handsome Oration on the Death of the 
said Peter Faneuil Esq r .. to the great Acceptance of the Town. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to the Choice of a Moderator (by a 
handy Vote) and, 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq r . was Unanimously Chosen. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait was Chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing 
by a very great Majorit}*, and Sworn into that Office by the Hon bl * 
Anthony Stoddard Esq r . 

Sundry Petitions Read Vizt. 

Of Sundry Inhabitants for Paving Green Lane. 

for a Bowling Green on Fort Hill. 
relating to Faneuil Hall Market 
for a Publick Market at the North and 
South ends of the Town. 

Of Mr. Nathaniel Emrnes for a Lease of Land at the head of the 
Town Dock 

Of the Engine Men to be Excused from other Service and to 
have the Premium continued. 

Of Mr. Nathaniel Wardell relating to the Hay Market 

Of Mr. Abia Holbrook, to be Appointed Master of the North 
Writing School. 

Of Mr. Zechariah Hicks, for the same. 

[51O.] Of Mr. Samuel White, Usher of the North Grammar- 
School, for Addition to his Salary. 

Of Mr. Peleg Wiswall, Master of the North Grammar School, 
for Addition to his Salary. 

A Motion made by Mr. Robert Rand that as the respective Fines 
and Forfeitures arising to the Town from those Persons who refuse 
to Serve in the Offices to which they are Chosen, were fixed & Set as 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



he Apprehends in Bills of the Old Tenor, that it would be best for 
the Town to Determine whether the same Sums mentioned in said 
Laws shall be in Lawful Money or Bills of the Old Tenor. 

Motions made by the Select Men for Regulating Bakers, Trucks, 
Carting, Wood, Coaches &c. Mending the Neck &c. 

A Motion made by Mr. Jeremiah Belknap for keeping the Gran- 
ary open every Day in the Forenoon. 

Voted, To proceed to the Choice of Seven Select Men. 
The Votes being accordingly Collected & Sorted it Appeared 
that the following Gentlemen were Chosen to that Office for the 
Year ensuing, Vizt. 

The Hon ble . John Jeffries Esq r . 
Capt. Alexander Forsyth 
Jonas Clarke Esq r . 

Thomas Hutchinson Esq r . j- Select Men. 

Mr. Thomas Hancock 
Mr. Middlecott Cooke 
Capt. John Steel 
Adjourned, to Three o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

Afternoon, The Inhabitants being Assembled. 
The Motion made by Mr. Rand in the Forenoon relating to Finos 
&c. now came under Consideration and after some Debate 
thereon 

Voted, That any Person or Persons Chosen to any Office in the 
Town for the Year ensuing who in Case of refusing is Obliged to 
Pay any Fine or Penalty shall be Excused from Serving Provided 
he or thej- shall Pay their respective Fines in Bills of tiie Old Tenor as 
the Several Persons did who were the last Year Elected and refused 
to Serve. 

[511.] A Motion made by Mr. Joseph Marion that the Thanks 
of the Town be given to Mr. John Lovell for his handsome Per- 
formance in the Forenoon in Pronouncing the Oration desired of 
him by the Select Men on Occasion of the Death of Peter Faneuil 
Esq r . & that the same be Entred on the Records of the Town & 
that a Copy thereof be desired for the Press. 

Voted, To Choose Twelve Constables distinct from Collectors of 
Taxes, accordingly 

Sworn 
Sworn 
Sworn 
Sworn 
Excused 
Pay 



Constables. 



Mess". John Lane Jun r . 

Caleb Joseph Gray 
Job Coit 
David Webb 
Ezekiel Lewis 
Ralph Inman 

Caleb Lyman Pay 

John Bennett Pay 

Nathaniel Thayer Pay 

James Butler Pay 

William Fletcher Pay 

John Thwing Excus'd. 

were Chosen Constables. 

Mr. Caleb Lyman Appeared & Said that he was drawn at the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1742-3. 3 

last Town Meeting to Serve as a Petit Juror at the Superiour 
Court of Judicature &c 8 . now Sitting & Expected to Pay 
a Fine of Forty Shillings for not Serving there, & Prayed to be 
Excused from Serving Constable, The Question being put, Whether 
he should be Excused for the Reasons given, Voted in the Neg- 
ative. 

The following Gentlemen were Chosen Overseers of the Poor 
for the Year ensuing, Vizt. 

The Hon. Jacob Wendell Esq r . 
William Tyler Esq r . 
John Hill Esq r . 
Thomas Hubbard Esq r . 
Daniel Henchman Esq r . 

Mr. Edward Bromfield , Overseerg of Poor 

Col. William Downe 
Mr. Samuel Hunt 
Andrew Oliver Esq r . 
Deacon John Phillips 
Mr. Isaac Walker 
Mr. George Rogers 
[512.] Voted, That the Town proceed to the Choice of a 
County Treasurer Tomorrow at Eleven o'Clock, & then take into 
Consideration the Affairs of the Markets, and the Petition for a 
Bowling Green on Fort Hill. 

The Petition of the Engine Men to be Excused from Duty and 
to have the Premium of Five Pounds Old Tenor to the Engine that 
shall be first brought to Work upon any Building on Fire Read, 
and 

Voted, That the Prayer of the Petition be granted, Provided 
they carry with them their Axe and Hook to the Fire. 

On the Motion made by Mr. Joseph Marion relating to Mr. 

Lovells Oration 

Voted Unanimously, That the Select Men be desired to give the 
Thanks of the Town to the said Mr. Lovell for his handsome 
and ingenious Oration Pronounced by him in the Forenoon 
on Occasion of the Death of Peter Faneuil Esq r . and that they 
desire of him a Copy for the Press the same to be published at the 
Expence of the Town and Entred with the Records thereof. 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of a Town Treasurer and 
upon Collecting and Sorting the Votes it Appeared that 

The Hon ble . Joseph Wadsworth Esq r . was Chosen by a very 
great Majority. 

Voted, That the Choice of a School Master for the North 
Writing School be Tomorrow at Ten o'Clock in the Forenoon. 
Mess. William White Pay ") 

Samuel Phillips Savage Pay 
Benjamin Green Pay 

William Cowell Pay 

Nathaniel Richardson Sworn 
Henry Perkins Pay _ 

were Chosen Constables. 



4 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Then the Town Adjourned to Nine o'Clock Tomorrow Morning. 

Tuesday, March 15. 1742. the Town being Assembled. 
Mess. Seth Coburn Pay "^ 

Daniel Marsh Pay | 
Samuel Eliot Pay } Constables. 
Kenelm Winslow Pay | 
John Gutteridge Pay J 
were Chosen Constables. 

[513.] According to the Vote of Yesterday the Town pro- 
ceeded to the Choice of a Schoolmaster for the North Writing 
School in the room of Mr. John Procter who has resigned that 
place and upon Collecting and Sorting the Votes it Appeared that 
Mr. Zechariah Hicks was Chosen by a very great Majority. 

According to the Vote of Yesterday the Town now proceeded to 
the Choice of a County Treasurer, and the Votes being brought in 
they were Sealed up by Mr. Constable Lane, and Delivered to 
him, to be by him kept and returned to the next Court of Quarter 
Sessions. 

According to the Vote of Yesterday the Town now proceeded to 
take into Consideration the Affairs of the Markets, according to the 
Petition of Sundry Inhabitants, And after a long Debate, For the 
better Regulation of Fanenil Hall Market, It was 

Voted, That the Select Men be desired to Shut up the Market 
at Faneuil Hall, Three Days in the Week, Vizt. Mondays, Wednes- 
days and Frydays, and that the same be Opened the other Three 
Days, Vizt. Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays until Twelve 
o'Clock, and then be Shut up and Continue so doing until the next 
General Town Meeting, And in the mean time the Select Men are 
desired to Consult what is farther Necessary to be done for the 
better Regulating of said Market and make Report thereon at the 
said next General Town Meeting. 

Voted, That the Sura of Sixty Pounds Bills of the Old Tenor be 
Allowed and paid out of the Town Treasury unto Mr. Thomas 
Jackson Clerk of Faneuil Market in full for his Service and all 
Expences he has been at in Sweeping the same and Ringing the 
Bell. 

Mess. Ephraim Bound 
John Welch Pay 

Gammon Stevens Pay 

iTT-ii- o t -n> i r Constables. 

W ilbam Story Excns d 

Neal M c lntire Sworn 

Jonathan Bryant Excus'd 

were Chosen Constables. 

[514.] Voted, That the Consideration of the Petition of 
Sundry Inhabitants relating to the Opening the North & South 
Markets be refer'd to the next General Town Meeting. 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of a Clc>rk for Faneuil Hall 
Market for the Year ensuing and upon Collecting & Sorting the 
Votes it Appeared that Mr. John Stanilord was Chosen by a great 
Majority. 

Voted, That the Select Men give such Orders & Directions to the 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1742-3. 5 

Clerk of the Market from time to time for the Regluation thereof 
until the next General Town Meeting as they shall think proper. 

Voted, That the Petition of Sundiy Inhabitants relating to the 
having a Bowling Green on Fort Hill be taken into Consideration 
at Three o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

Adjourned to Three o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

Afternoon, the Town being Assembled according to Adjourn- 
ment. 

Mess". Caleb Ray. Pay ") 

Joseph Butler Sworn 

John Comrin Sworn ^ Constables 

Sampson Sheafe Pay 

John Gould Excus'd 
were Chosen Constables. 

According to the Vote of the Forenoon, the Petition of Several 
of the Inhabitants for a Bowling Green on Fort Hill was taken 
into Consideration, and after a Long Debate thereon, A Question 
was put, Whether any part of Fort Hill should be Appropriated 
fora Bowling Green according to the Prayer of the Petitioners? 
And itpass'd in the Affirmative. But the Matter remaining doubt- 
ful Seven of the Inhabitants desired the same 'may be decided by 
a Poll, which was accordingly done & thereupon it appeared to 
be a Clear Vote by a great Majority, and then it was 

Voted, That the Select Men be & hereby are Impowered to 
Lease out unto such Persons & for such term of time and at such 
Rent as they shall think proper, such a part of the said Hill as 
they think Necessary for a Bowling Green with this Restriction 
that the same shall be Quitted by the Lessees & given up to the 
Town when ever they require it. 

[515.] Voted, to Choose Seven Assessors for the Year ensu- 
ing, and 

Mess. Richard Buckley 

Joshua Blanchard 

Jacob Parker 

Daniel Pecker } Assessors. 

Nathaniel Barker 

William Fairfield 

Jospeh Roby J 

were Chosen accordingly. 

On a Motion made by Several of the Inhabitants relating to 
David Webb who was Chose & Sworn in a Constable Yesterday, 
that he was really unable to Attend the Duty of that Office being 
in a Bad State of Health &c. and he Appeared and prayed the 
Town to Consider thereof, & after some Debate thereon, Voted, 
That he be Excused accordingly, and that another be Chosen in 
his Room. 

Mess". William Simpkins Pay ~\ 

James Morris Sworn >- Constables 

John Whittemore Sworn J 
were Chosen Constables. 
Adjourned till Tomorrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 



6 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



Wednesday, March. 16. 1742. the Town being Assembled 
Mr. Joseph Roby who was Yesterday Chosen an Assessor 
Appeared and Prayed that the Town would Excuse him from 
Serving in that Office, for that his Business will not Admit of it, 
and he is a Standing Grand Juror for the present Year, The Ques- 
tion being put, Whether he should be Excused? And it pass'd in 
the Affirmative. 

The Town then proceeded to the Choice of another Person to 
Serve in that Office in his room, and upon Collecting the Votes it 
Appeared that Mr. Nathaniel Gardner was Chosen. 

Mess". Jeremiah Allen Excus'd ) n 

> Constables. 
Robert Breck Pay j 

were Chosen Constables. 

[516.] Mr. Jeremiah Allen Appeared & Moved that he might 
be Excused from Serving as a Constable, for that he hath had the 
Honour of Sitting in the Honourable House of Representatives as 
a Member of said House, and that it had not been the Practice of 
the Town to Choose any such Person to be a Constable, The Ques- 
tion being put, Whether he should be Excused for the reason 
given, And it passed in the Affirmative, and he was Excused 
accordingly. 

Mr. John Wells was Chosen a Constable & Sworn. 

Voted, That there be Sixteen Viewers of Shingles &c a . Chosen, 
and that they be Chosen by a handy Vote, and 



Mess. Thomas Foster 

Capt. John Indicott 
Edward Moberly 
Edward Richards 
John Ruddock 
William Paine 
Benjamin Russell 
Joseph White 
Matthew Barnard 
Moses Eayres 
John Lewis Vintenon 
James Barnard 
John Simpson 
Samuel Hood 
Moses Tyler 



Sworn " 

Sworn 

Sworn 

Sworn 

Sworn 

Sworn 

Sworn 

Sworn > Viewers of Shingles &c. 

Pay 

Sworn 
Sworn 
Sworn 
Sworn 
Sworn 



Samuel Brown Engine Man. , 

were Chosen accordingly. 

On a Motion made, It was Voted, That the Selectmen be and 
hereby are desired and Impowered to make such Agreements and 
Allowances to the Clerks of the Market for the better Enabling 
them to Discharge the Duty of their Office as shall be thought 
proper and Necessary by the said Select Men. 

Voted, That Twelve Clerks of the Market be Chosen and 

Mess". Ebenezer Simpson Sworn 

Benjamin Goldthwait Sworn Clerks of the Market 
Samuel Jackson Sworn 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1742-3. 



[517.] John M c .Neal 
Samuel Service 
Holmes Simpson 
Edward "Winter 
John Collson 
David Jenkins 
Benjamin Babbidge 
Thomas Eades 
John Scolley 
William Pattin 

were accordingly Chosen. 

Mess". Daniel Coney 
James Nichols 
were Chosen Constables. 



Sworn 

Sworn 

Sworn 

Sworn 

Pay 

Sworn 

Pay 

Pay 



Clerks of the Market. 



1 Constables. 



Fence Viewers. 



Mess. Joseph Russell Sworn 

James Tileston Sworn 

Hopestill Foster Sworn 

William Bastow Sworn 
Joshua Thornton 
Onesiphortis Tileston Sworn 

William Thwing Sworn 

John Adams Sworn 



were Chosen Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 

Capt. Andrew Sigourney Pay ") n , , 
Mr. Samuel Gooding, Cooper Pay j L 

were Chosen Constables. 



Mess. Benjamin Barnard 

John Helyer Sworn 

Harvey Thomas Sworn 

John Hobbs Sworn 

David Kent Sworn 
Samuel Gooding 

Thomas Hake Sworn 



> Cullers of Staves 



were Chosen Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing. 

Mr. Isaac Gridley was Chosen Surveyor of Hemp and Flax for 
the Year ensuing. 



[518.] Mess. Nathaniel Hodgdon Sworn 
Thomas Inches Sworn 
John Allen 

William Nesbett Sworn 
William Brown Sworn I 
William Darrington Sworn | 
John Lawson 



Sealers of Leather. 



were Chosen Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 



Scavingers. 



8 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Mess. John Holyoke 
John Collson 
William Salter 
Ebenezer Holmes 
Thomas Boucher 
Joseph Bradford 
George Skinner 
Thomas Fleet 
Richard Salter 
James Griffin (Cordwainer) 
Thomas Simpkins 
Thomas Lee 

were Chosen Scavingers for the Year ensuing 

Mr. John Sowden was Chosen a Constable. Sworn. 

Mess. Richard Hubbard Sworn ) r ~ ut -r^ 

KT *u i n _ f Informers ab'. Deer. 

Nathaniel Gardner j 

were Chosen to inform against & Prosecute the Violaters of the 
Act for the better Preservation and Increase of Deer within this 
Province. 

Mr. Richard-Carter Cowell was Chosen Haward for the Year 
ensuing. 

Voted, That the Select Men be Surveyors of the High Ways. 

Mess. Harrison Gray "1 

Jacob Emmons Sworn ! TT OOTPVPC . 
Joseph Webb Sworn f J 
John Harris Sworn j 

were Chosen Hogreves for the Year ensuing. 

A Question being put, Whether they would Choose Tything Men ? 
And it passed in the Negative. 

[519.] The Petition of Mr. Peleg Wiswall, Master of the 
North Grammar School, for an Addition to his Salaiy, Read at 
the Opening of the Meeting, now came under Consideration & after 
some Debate thereon, 

Voted, That the Town will not at present make any Addition to 
his Salary, but in Consideration that the Necessarys of Life have 

been very Scarce and not Purchased but at a great Cost That 

the Sum of One Hundred Pounds Bills of the Old Tenor be paid 
out of the Town Treasury unto Mr. Peleg Wiswall. 

The Petition of Mr. Samuel White, Usher of the North Gram- 
mar School, praying for an Addition to his Salary, now come 
under Consideration and after some Debate 

Voted, That the Sum of Forty Pounds Bills of the Old Tenor be 
Added to his Salary. 

The Petition of Mr. Nathaniel Wardell relating to the Ha}' 
Market, now came under Consideration and after a Debate thereon 

Voted, That the Affair of Weighing of Hay at the said Market 

be refer'd to the Select Men who are hereby Impowered to Agree 
with the said Nathaniel Wardell the Son or any of his Relations 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1742-3. 9 

for Weighing of Hay, provided be or they give Sufficient Security 
to the Satisfaction of the Select Men that the Duty of that place 
shall be well performed. 

The Petition of a Number of the Abutters & Proprietors of Land 
in Green Lane, for Paving the said Lane, now came under Consid- 
eration and after some Debate thereon 

It was Voted, That the Prayer thereof be so far Granted, as 
that the Town shall repay their proportionable part of the Charge 
of Paving the said Lane at the times mentioned in the said Peti- 
tion, Vizt. One third part thereof in the Year, 1743. Another 
third in 1744. And the other third part thereof in the Year, 1745. 
the same to begin and extend from the Pavement before Doctor 
Bulfinch's House to the Corner of Mr. Barrett's Land, the same 
to be done by the Direction and to the Approbation of the Select 
Men. 

Adjourned to Four o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

Afternoon, the Inhabitants being Assembled. 
Voted, That the Choice of Collectors of Taxes be refer'd to the 
next General Town Meeting. 

[52O.] Whereas the Collectors of Taxes have Represented 
to the Town that there are many Persons still in Arrears for 
their Taxes, Praying the Advice of the Town thereon there- 
upon 

Voted, That the said Collectors Exhibit to the Town at their 
next General Meeting, a List of the Names of all such Persons as 
have not paid their Taxes due from them by that time. 

The Report of the Select Men on the Visitation of the Publick 

Schools Read and is as follows, Vizt. 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Boston in Town 
Meeting Assembled, March. 14. 1742. 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Annual Meet- 
ing the Eighth of March last past, Desiring the Select Men to Visit 
the Several Publick Schools in the Town, & to desire such Gentle- 
men to Accompany them therein as the}" should think proper, and 
to Report thereon. 

We the Subscribers accordingly Attended that Service on 
Wednesday the Twenty third Day of June last, Accompanied by 
the following Gentlemen, Vizt. 

His Pixcellency William Shirley Esq r . 
The Hon. Ezekiel Lewis Esq r . 
The Hon. Nathaniel Ilubbard Esq r . 
The Hon. John Read Esq r . 

The Hon. Samuel Waldo Esq r . 
The Rev d . Joseph Sewall D.D. 
The Rev d . Mr. Samuel Checkley 
The Rev d . Mr. William Hooper 
Jeremiah Gridley Esq r . and 
Doct r . Thomas Bulfinch. 

And found the said Schools under good Regulation, The Number 
of Scholars in each School were as follows, Vizt. In the South 
Grammar School Ninety four, In the South Writing School Seventy 



10 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

three, In the Writing School in Queen Street Seventy three, In the 
North Grammar School Sixty five And in the North Writing School 
Two Hundred and Thirty. 

JOHN JEFFRIES ~] 

ALEXANDER FORSYTE c , , ,, 
JOHN STEEL Delect Men. 

THOMAS HANCOCK J 

[521.] Voted, That this Report be Accepted, and that the 
Gentlemen the Select Men be desired to Visit the Publick Schools 
the Year ensuing, and that they desire such Gentlemen to Accom- 
pany them therein as they shall think Convenient & that they 
Report thereon : 

The Report of a Committee appointed the Twenty fourth Day 
of May last, to Audit the Town Treasurers Accounts for the Year 
past, as Entred in the Treasurers Books, Read, Accepted and 

Voted, That the Treasurer be (so far) accordingly Discharged. 

The Select Mens Report OH Mr. Francis Willoughbys Account 
of the Granary for the Year past, and as Entred in his Book Read, 
and Voted, That the said Report be Accepted, and accordingly 
that Mr. Willoughby be farther Accountable to the Town for Four- 
teen Hundred & Ninety Nine Bushels of Corn, Thirty five Bushels 
of Rye, and the Sum of One Hundred & Thirty Nine Pounds, Five 
Shillings & Seven pence in Bills of Credit of the Old Tenor, the 
whole of which Amounts to Nine Hundred and Nineteen Pounds 
Nineteen Shillings & a penny Old Tenor, which remains in his 
Hands Exclusive of Mr. Willoughbys Salary for the year past, 
Vizt. One Hundred Pounds Old Tenor, which is hereby also Al- 
lowed 

Voted, That The Hon. Edward Hutchinson Esq r . 
Joshua Winslow Esq r . 
Francis Borland Esq r . 
Mr. John Wheelwright, and 
Mr. Thomas Greene 

be a Committee to Audit the Town Treasurers Accounts for the 
year ensuing and make Report as Usual, and that they also Audit 
the Accounts of the Overseers of the Poor respecting the Alms- 
house And also the Work house and to Attend the Affairs at the 
Usual place of the Overseers Meeting, and said Accounts being 
Audited, the Committee to make Report thereon at the next Gen- 
eral Town Meeting, And the Overseers are desired to lodge the 
particular Disbursements in reference to the Almshouse, and also 
a Summary Account respecting the Work house in the Town 
Clerks Office. 

The Petition of Nathaniel Emmes, Setting forth That the Vacant 
Peice of Ground at the Head of Dock Square behind the [522.] 
Watch house is intirely Useless to the Town as it now is & little 
better than a Sink of Filth & Dirt which is very Offensive to the 
Inhabitants that live thereabout, Proposing to the Town that if 
they would Lease out to him for such a term of Years as shall be 
thought proper that part of the Head of said Dock that belongs to 
the Town at a Small Quit Rent, he at his own Expence would 
Build a Substantial Hollow Wharfe & a Small Shop or Shed thereon 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1742-3. 11 

for Carrying on the Business of a Stone Cutter & at the End of 
said Lease deliver up the said Wharfe & Building to the Town free 

of all Charge & Expence for Erecting the same being Read and 

after some Debate thereon 

It was Voted, That the Select Men be desired to Consider of the 
Prayer thereof & Report what is proper for the Town to do thereon 
at the next General Town Meeting. 

A Question was put, Whether the Town will Choose a Commit- 
tee for Purchasing Grain &c. by a handy Vote? It passed in the 

Affirmative and 

Mess. Jeremiah Belknap In tee e 

John Salter, and f- ^ ot ' . 

Deacon Samuel Bridgeham) Purcha ^g Grain, 
were Chosen accordingly, and they are hereby Impowered to give 
All Needful Directions to the Master of the Granary respecting the 
Quantities of Grain to be Sold and Setting the Price thereof from 
time to time. 

On a Motion made, Voted That the Committee for Purchasing 
Grain be desired to give Orders to the keeper of the Granary that 
he keep open the same Three Days in a Week Vizt. Mondays 
Wednesda3 T s and Frydays, and that he give his Attendance there 
accordingly. 

On a Motion made, Voted That the Select Men be desired to 
prepare a By-Law for the regulating the great Inconveniences and 
Disorders that Attend the driving of Coaches Chaises &c. on Lords 
Days, Also 

Voted, That the Representatives of this Town be desired to get 
a Law passed the Great and General Court as soon as may be to 
Irnpower the Select Men to Regulate Trucks, Carts &c. and 
Setting the Prices for any Service they may do. 

[523.] On a Motion made by the Honourable Thomas 
Gushing Esq r . the Moderator that the Report of a Committee 
Appointed the Nineteenth of May last to Draw up and Set forth 
to the General Court the distressing Circumstances of the Town 
and to Pray for Relief as to their proportion of the Province Tax, 
be Entred in the Towns Book of Records. 

It was Voted, That the Town Clerk take Care that the same be 
done accordingly. 

The Select Men having presented the List of Jurors taken the 
last Year for the Superiour and Inferiour Courts, the same is refer'd 
to the next General Town Meeting, the Town then to Act upon 
the same. 

Voted That the Consideration of Raising Money be refer'd to 
the next General Town Meeting, Also 

Voted, That the Several Motions made by the Select Men at 
the Opening of the Meeting relating to the better Regulation of 
the Bakers, Carting Wood and Mending the Neck be refer'd to the 
next General Town Meeting. 

Voted, That the Thanks of this Town be given to the Honour- 
able Thomas Gushing Esq r . the Moderator for his great pains in 
Regulating and giving Dispatch to the Business of this Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dismissed. 



12 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Boston March. 16. 1742. 

The following Report of the Committee appointed the Nineteenth 
of May last, to draw up and Set forth to the General Court the 
distressing Circumstances of the Town and to Pray for Relief as to 
their proportion of the Province Tax, was Ordered to be here Re- 
corded by Vote of the Town of this Day, Vizt. 

To the Honourable Thomas Cushing Esq r . and other the Rep- 
resentatives of the Town of Boston. 

Gentlemen, 

As the Town of Boston has Chosen us a Committee to Represent 
to You the Distressed State thereof at [524.] This Day in Order 
to be laid before the General Court for their Consideration and to 
Obtain a very large Abatement in the Apportioning of their Share 
in the Province Tax for the future, so to Shorten the Representation 
We take leave to refer you to the Memorial laid before the General 
Court Anno Domini, 1735. and shall only Observe upon the 
Material Difference between the State of the Town at that time 
Compared with this Day. 

Our Trade in general at this Day (by the best Light which can be 
had) is not above One half that it was in 1735. and so much upon 
the Decline that there is great danger of its being reduced to the 
greatest Extremity and Consequently renders the Town unable to 
Pay such a verj" large Proportion of the Province Tax as the} 7 
have Usually stood Charged with in time past. 

Our Distilling which at that Day was much upon the Decline is 
much more reduced at this Occasioned by the great Demand for 
Rom at Jamaica to Supply the Fleet which has Encouraged the 
Inhabitants of that Island to Distill most of their Molasses into 
Rum which otherwise would have been brought hither as usual to 
be Manufactured, Also the great Demand for Rum in Ireland and 
other places in Europe has Encouraged the Distilling in Our 
Windward Islands That We have little Molasses from thence so 
that the Quantity of Molasses Distilled at this Day does not Amount 
to above Two thirds of what there was in 1735. So that We Suffer 
exceedingly in that Branch of Trade Compared with time past. 

Our Cod Fishery, the difference between that Article as Com- 
plained of in 1735. and this Day Stands thus that altho' Our En- 
couragement was very small at that Day Yet Our Navigation and 
Trade was kept up by Sending the Fish abroad in Our own Vcssells, 
and Paying for Fish in the Course of Our own Trade which We 
are now almost entirely Stript of and both Fish and Supply is 
Confined to the Fishing Towns who generally Send it abroad in 
their own Vessells Especially Marblehead Salem and Plymouth 
which has rendered them much Abler and Us much less to Support 
Our Usual proportion of the Province Tax. 

Our Trade to the West Indies, Compared with 1735. has grown 
so much Worse as at this Day as to be almost reduced to Nothing 
and Our Discouragement so great as that We [525.] Are Obliged 
to lay up Our Vessells not knowing where to Emplo}' them to the 
least Advantage. 

Our Trade to London the Variation between 1735. & this time 
is exceedingly Altered for the worse, as a Town it was then Al- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1742-3. 13 

lowed that the greatest Advantage this Town reaped from that 
Trade was by Ship Building which Employed most of Our Trades- 
men, But that is now reduced so that whereas in 1735. Orders 
might arrive for Building Forty Sail of Ships, there has been as 
yet but Orders for Two, by which means this most Advantagious 
Branch of Trade to Our Mother Countrey being lessened to so great 
a degree must Necessarily Oblige a great many of Our Useful 
Tradesmen to leave the Town as many have already done, so that 
this Town will Suffer exceedingly for want of that Branch of Trade 
being properly Supported and thereby rendered much less Able to 
Support a large Tax, thnn from the decline of all the other 
Brunches of Trade together by reason that Branch Emplo}"ed more 
Men than all tlie rest. 

The Charges of the Town are exceedingly increased upon Us, We 
shall Add no more than to Shew the Difference of Charge from 

1735. to this time, The Charge 1735. for the Poor was 2069 

1736 to 1740. above 3300 Annually 1740. the Charge 

was 4800. and this Year its Apprehended 5000 will but 

bearly Support the Charge. 

The whole Town Rate Stands thus for the last Years. 1738. 

8600. 1739. 8600. 1740. 8600. 1741. 11000. 

1742. 11000. 

The Decrease of Polls Stands thus. 

1738 Polls Rated 3395. 

1739 . . 3231. 

1740 . . 3043. 

1741 . . 2972. 

So that in Four Years the Decrease of Polls is 423. almost One 
Eighth part of the Number of Rated Inhabitants And therefore 
Nothing can be a greater proof of the Towns inability to Pay so 
large a proportion of the Province Tax as in times past that Our 
Rateable Polls are Yearly decreased and like to be more so, Our 
Trade very much decayed and Our Poor & Town Charge exceed- 
ingly increased when at the same time it cannot be denyed But 
that the Province as such is much increased [526.] Settlements 
of New Towns made & other Towns daily filled with Inhabitants 
and much improved and great part of Our Useful Trade gone to 
other Towns which upon the whole renders them much Abler to 
bear a larger and this Town a much smaller Tax than in time past. 
Again the Excessive high price of Provisions for Two Years 
past has exceedingly Impoverished this Town whilst the Coun- 
trey Towns in general have raised their own Provisions and been 
free from such a Calamity which in the Winter Season, 1740. 
very much distressed Our Inhabitants & had it not been for the 
extended Charity of Able & well disposed Persons amongst Us 
a great many must have Suffered exceedingly & some did Notwith- 
standing all the Care to prevent it ; All which has reduced this 
Town & increased the Countrey by Our paying a most Extravagant 
price to them for Wood and Provissions which We were Obliged to 
Buy of the Neighbouring Towns, by reason the Winter Set in 
early, Closed the Harbour with Ice, and Shut out Our Wood and 
Provissions which We were wont to be Supplyed with at Easy Rates. 



14 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

In the Town Moreover there is a great man}' Polls which :irc not 
Rated and are Supported b}' Charity not included in the Charge of 
the Towns Poor. 

The Support of the Ministry is increased 4000 a Year since 
1735. for whereas it was but 8000, then, its now 12000. 

Upon the whole its Apprehended this Town ought not at this 
Day to Stand Charged with more than One Tenth or at most One 
Eighth part of the Province Tax. 
We are 

Gentlemen, 

Your most Obedient humble Servants. 

NATH L . CUNNINGHAM 

Boston Dec. 2. 1742. THOMAS HOTCHINSON [ Committee. 

Jos. MARION 

[527.] The Oration Pronounced by Mr. John Lovell at the 
Opening of the Meeting, on Occasion of the Death of Peter 
Faneuil Esq r . is here Recorded by Order of the Town, and is in 
the Words following, Vizt. 

I Stand in Ibis place, my Fellow Townsmen, and my worthy 
Patrons, at the Call of those to whom you have committed the 
Direction of } - our Publick Affairs, to condole with 3*011 for the Loss 
of your late generous Benefactor, The Founder of this House. 
Certain I am, there are Numbers in this great Assembly, who could 
upon this Occasion have clone more Justice to his Memory, and 
and have better Discharged the Office that is enjoin'd me. But the 
Commands of those (for such I must alwa}'S esteem their Desires) 
who have devolved this Charge upon me, and the Veneration I 
have for the Vertues of the Deceas'd, oblige me to bear what little 
Part I can, in a grateful Acknowledgement of the just Regard due 
to the Memor}' of a Man, whose Name, I'm sure will never be for- 
gotten among us. 

How soon, alas ! is our Joy for having found such a Benefactor, 
chang'd into Mourning for the Loss of him ! But a few Months 
are pass'd, since we were framing Votes, and consulting the best 
Measures to express onr Gratitude for his unexampled Favours ; 
and this first Annual Meeting within these Walls that were rais'd 
by his Bounty, finds us Assembled in the deepest Sorrow for his 
Decease 

Instances of Mortality are never more affecting than in those 
whose Lives have been Publick Blessings. Surely then every 
Breast must feel a more than common Distress, for the Loss of 
One, whose Largeness of Heart equal'd, great as it was, his Power 
to do Good. Honest Industry must mourn, for which the Exercise 
of his Bounty found an almost constant Employment : And they 
that know how to Pity the Calamities of human Nature themselves, 
will mourn for him that always reliev'd them. 

[528.] So soon as he arriv'd to the Possession of his large 
and plentiful Estate : instead of fruitlesly hoarding up his Treas- 
ures, tho' no Man managed his Affairs with greater Prudence and 
Industry; instead of wasting them in Luxury, tho' Plenty always 
crovyn'd his Board ; instead of Neglecting the Wants of his Fellow- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1742-3. 15 

Creatures, an unhappy Circumstance too often attending the Pos- 
session of Riches, he made it manifest that he understood the true 
Improvement of Wealth, and was determin'd to pursue it. It was 
to him the highest EnjO3 r ment of Riches, to relieve the Wants of 
the Needy, from which he was himself exempted, to see Mankind 
rejoicing in the Fruits of his Bounty, and to feel that divine Sat- 
isfaction which results from Communicating Happiness to others. 
His Acts of Charity were so Secret and unbounded, that none hut 
they who were the Objects of it can Compute the Sums which he 
annually Distributed among them. His Alms flow'd like a fruit- 
ful River, that diffuses it's Streams thro' a whole Country. He fed 
the Hungry , and he Cloath'd the Naked, he comforted the Father- 
less, and the Widows in their Affliction, and his Bounties visited 
the Prisoner. So that Almighty God in giving Riches to this 
Man, seems to have Scattered Blessings all abroad among the 
People. 

But these private Charities were not the only Effects of his Pub- 
lick Spirit, which, not contented with Distributing his Benefactions 
to private Families, extended them to this whole Community. 
Let this Stately Edifice which bears his Name Witness for him, 
what Sums he expended in Publick Munificence, This Building 
Erected by him at an immense Charge, for the Convenience and 
Ornament of the Town, is incomparablj" the greatest Benefaction 
ever yet known to Our Western Shonr. Yet this Effect of his 
Bounty, however great is but the first Fruits of his Generosity a 
Pledge of what his Heart, alvva3's devising liberal Things, would 
have done for us, had his Life been Spar'd. It is an unspeakable 
Loss to the Town, that he was taken away in the midst of his 
Days, and in so Sudden a manner, as to prevent his making Pro- 
vission for what his generous Heart might [529.] Design. For I 
am well Assur'd from those who were Acquainted with his Purposes, 
that he had many more Blessings in Store for us, had Heaven pro- 
long'd his Days. 

But he is gone ! The Town's Benefactor, the Comforter of the 
Distress'*!, and the poor Man's Friend. 

He is gone ! And all his Plans of future Bounties with him, 
they are Buried in the Grave together. lie shall be rai.s'd to 
Life again : And his intended Charities, tho' they are lost to tfs, 
will not be lost to him. Designs of Goodness and Mercy, prevented 
as these were, will meet with the Reward of Actions. 

He is gone ! . . . And must such Men Die ! Die in the midst of 
their Days ! Must the Protectors and Fathers of the Distressed be 
taken away, while their Oppressors are continued, and increase in 
Power ! . . . Great God ! How Unsearchable are thy Ways ! . . . 
We Confess Our Sins, but just and righteous art Thou. 

To express your Gratitude to your generous Benefactor, you. 
have pitss'd the most honourable Resolves, and to preserve his 
Memory, you have call'd this House by his Name. But in vain, 
alas, would you perpetuate his Memory by such frail Materials ! 
These Walls, the present Monuments of his Fame, shall Moulder 
into Dust: These Foundations, however deeply laid, shull (>e for- 
gotten. But his Deeds, his Charities, shall survive the Ruins of 



16 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Nature. And to have reliev'd the Miseries of the Distress'd, to 
have still'd the Cries of Orphans, and to have dry'd the Widow's 
Tears, are Acts that shall embalm his Memory for many Gener- 
ations on Earth, and shall follow him beyond the Limits of Mor- 
tality, into those blissful Regions where endless Charity dwells. 

What now remains, but my ardent Wishes (in which I know }*ou 
will all concur with me) That this Hall ma}- be ever Sacred to the 
Interests of Truth, of Justice, of Loyalty, of Honour, of Liberty. 
May no private Views nor party Broils ever enter within these 
Walls ; but may the same publick Spirit that glow'd in the Breast 
of the generous Founder, influence all your Debates, that Society 
may reap the Benefit of them. 

[53O.] May Liberty always spread its joyful Wings over this 
Place : Liberty that opens Men's Hearts to Beneficence and gives 
the Relish to those who enjoy the Effects of it. And may Loyalty 
to a King, under whom we enjoy this Libert}', ever remain our 
Character. A Character always justly due to this Land, and of 
which our Enemies have in vain Attempted to rob us. 

May those who are the Inheritors of the large Estate of our 
Deceased Benefactor, inherit likewise the Largeness of his Soul. 
May the Widow, the Orphan, and the Helpless, find in them a 
Protector, a Father, & a Support. In a Word, to Sum up all, May 
Faneuil live in them. 

May Charity, that most excellent of Graces, that Beam from the 
Breast of the Father of Mercies, which so soon as ever it enters our 
Bosoms begins our Happiness, Charity, the Joy of Men, of Angels, 
of Almighty God ; which Compleats the Felicity of Earth and 
Heaven : May Charity more abound among us. May it warm the 
Hearts of those who are like to Our departed Friend in their For- 
tunes, to resemble him too in his Bounties; May there be rais'd up 
some new Benefactors in the room of him we have lost, who shall, 
if possible, rival Faneuil'a Spirit. And may there always remain 
in this Town the same grateful Sentiments, the same verluous 
Dispositions, to remember their Benefactors with Honour. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston in Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on 
Wednesday the Fourth Day of May Anno Domini, 1743. 

Prayer was made by the Reverend Mr. Andrew Eliol. 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting. Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

The Honourable John Jeffries Esq r . One of the Select Men in 
their Name proposed to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to 
the Choice of a Person or Persons to Serve for and Represent them 
in a Great and General Court or Assembly to be held at Boston 
upon Wednesday the Twenty fifth Da}- of May instant, And in 
Order thereto to Consider and Ascertain the Number of Gentlemen 
to be Elected, accordingly 

[531.] Voted, to proceed to the Choice of Four Representa- 
tives, and it was declared that the Poll be closed at Twelve 
o'Clock. 

The Votes being Collected the Number of Voters were found to 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1743. 17 

bo Four Hundred and Fifty One, and upon Sorting the Votes it 
Appeared that the following Gentlemen were Chosen, Vizt. 

No. of Votes. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq r 438 

Mr. Timothy Prout 287 

Thomas Hutchinson Esq r . ...... 422 

Andrew Oliver Esq r . 309 

The Election of Representatives being Ended and the sama being 
declared by the Select Men 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of a Moderator b}- a hand}* 
Vote, and the Hon. Thomas Gushing Esq r . being Nominated, the 
Que>tion was put, Whether they would Choose the said Thora;is 
Cushing E*q r . for the Moderator of this Meeting, And it Uiiani- 
mousl}' passed in the Affirmative. 

Sundry Petitions and Reports, Read, Vizt. 

Of Mr. John Lovell, Master of the South Grammar School, for 
an Addition to his Salary. 

Of Mr. Abia Holbrook, Master of the South Writing School, for 
an Addition to his Salaiy. 

Of Mr. Samuel Gibson, Usher of the South Grammar School 
for an Addition to his Salary. 

Of Mr. Benjamin Church for a Grant of Wheelers Pond. 

Of the Collectors of Taxes, for the Assessors to Sit on Abate- 
ments. 

The Select mens Report about Fancuil HalJ Market. on 

Mr. Nathaniel Emmes's Petition refer'd to th.yn the last General 
Town Meeting. 

A Motion made by Jacob Wendell Esq r . that the Committee 
appointed by the Town in May last to Prosecute such Persons 
as have Incroached on the Towns Lands, ma}' make some 
Report, how far they have proceeded in that Affair. 

A Motion made by Thomas Hutchinson Esq r . on behalf of Mr. 
Peleg Wiswall, Master of the North Grammar School, that the 
Town would make an Addition to his Salary. 

A Motion made l>y the Hon ble . Joseph Wadsworth Esq r . Treas- 
urer of the [532.] Town, Setting forth that Whereas many Per- 
sons, Pa} r a Quit Rent to the Town for Lands by them Possessed 
belonging to the Town, the Sums mentioned in their Leases or 
Agreements in Bills of the Old Tenor, and many of 'em being of 
an Ancient Date he Apprehends the respective Sums by the 
Assessors Agreed to be paid are now equal to the same Sum in 
Lawful Money, Praying the Advice of the Town thereon, and that 
he may have Directions what he shall receive for the future. 

A Motion made by Capt. Nathaniel Cunningham, that a Plan be 
taken of all the Lands & Rights belonging to the Town, and 
hung up in Faneuil Hall, and that a particular Entry of all 
said Lands & Rights may be made for the better Information 
of the Inhabitants. 

Thomas Hutchinson Esq r . One of the Select Men Informed 
the Town that the Select men look upon themselves Obliged at all 
times to Acquaint the Town with all their Affairs & he therefore 
Informed the Town that the Select men had received Information 



18 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

from London that Mess. Abraham Francis & John Jones had 
Petitioned His Majesty in Council for another hearing of their 
cause with the Town by them Prosecuted for Possession of some 
Lands & Buildings on Dock Square, and that they hud Liberty 
granted them according!}', and that the Select men Expected very 
soon to be Served with an Order from His Majesty to make An- 
swer to the same, but Supposed the Town would do nothing upon 
this his Information. 

Voted, That the Meeting be Adjourned to So'Clock Afternoon. 

Afternoon, the Town being Assembled. 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of a Constable and upon 
Sorting the Votes it Appeared that Mr. Nicholas Fessenden was 
Chosen and Sworn accordingly. 

The Petition of Mr. John Lovell Master of the South Grammar 
School for an Addition to his Salary, Read at the Opening of the 
Meeting, now came under Consideration and after some Debate 

thereon It was Voted, That an Addition of Fifty Pounds p 

Annum in Bills of the Old Tenor be made to his Salary to Commence 
from the next Quarters Payment. 

The Petition of Mr. Samuel Gibson Usher of the South Gram- 
mar School, for an Addition to his Salary, Read at the Opening of 
the Meeting, now came under Consideration & after a Short Debate 
thei'eon. 

[533.] It was Voted, That an Addition of Twenty five 
Pounds Old Tenor be made to his Salary to Commence from his 
next Quarters Payment. 

The Petition of Mr. Abia Holbrook Master of the South Writing 
School, for an Addition to his Salary, Read at the Opening of the 
Meeting, now came under Consideration & after a Short Debate 
thereon 

It was Voted, That Mr. Abia Holbrooks Salary as Master of the 
said School be Two Hundred Pounds Old Tenor to Commence the 
Twenty Second of March last being the time he was Inducted into 
said School. 

The Motion made by Thomas Hutchinson Esq r . in the forenoon, 
for an Addition to be made to Mr. Peleg W is walls Salary now 
came under Consideration and after some Deba'e thereon 

It was Voted That an Addition of Fifty Pounds iu Bills of the 
Old Tenor be made to Mr. Wiswalls Salary to Commence from 
his next Quarters Payment. 

The Petition of Mr. Benjamin Church, praying the Town would 
make him a Grant of Wheelers Pond & the Lund thereto belonging 
for reasons therein mentioned, as read in the forenoon now came 
under Consideration, and ai'ter some Debate thereon, The Question 
was put, Whether the Prayer of the Petition be Granted? And it 
passed in the Negative. 

A Letter from Christopher Kilby Esq r . to the Select Men Dated 
London February. 18. 1742. .informing them of Mess Francis & 
Jones having Libert}' of another hearing of their causes with the 
Town was Read. 

Voted, That the Sum of Two Hundred & Fifty Pounds Bills of 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1743. 19 

the Old Tenor be Allowed and paid to the Hon ble . Joseph Wads- 
worth Esq r . out of the Town Treasury for his good Services as 
Town Treasurer the Year last past. 

Whereas the Treasurer hath represented to the Town that their 
Tenants are very backward in Paying the respective Rents from 
them due. 

Therefore Voted, That when any Person or Persons shall hire 
any Lands Houses Warehouses &c a . belonging to the Town, shall 
fail or Neglect paying the Rent from them respectively due within 
Tw< nty Days after the same is become due, the Town Treasurer 
for the time being shall be and hereby is Obliged immediately upon 
the Expiration of the said Twenty Days to prosecute in the Law 
all & every such Person or Persons as [534.] Shall be in Arrear 
for said Rent, and whenever the said Treasurer shall fail herein, 
he shall be Obliged to Pay the Debt himself. 

Voted, a Grant of Twelve Thousand Pounds Bills of the Old 
Tenor be raised by a Tax, upon Polls and Estates within the Town 
of Boston for Relief of the Poor and defraying other Necessary 
Charges arising within & for said Town the Year ensuing. 

Voted, That this Meeting be Adjourned to Fryday the Twentieth 
instant, at Three o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

May the 20 th . 1743. The Town being met according to Ad- 
journment. 

The List was returned b\- the Collectors of Taxes of the Names 
of Persons who are still Indebted for their Taxes & the reading 
over the same was refer'd to the next General Town Meeting. 

The Hon ble . Edward Hutchinson Esq r . One of the Committee ap- 
pointed at the General Town Meeting in March last to Audit the 
Town Treasurers Accounts for the Year ensuing and the Accounts 
of the Overseers of the Poor respecting the Altnshouse & also the 
Workhouse, Informed the Town that the said Committee had At- 
tended that Service but had not Compleated the same so as to be 
Able to make a Report at this Meeting thereupon 

Voted, That the said Committee be desired to Compleat the 
Auditing said Accounts and make a Report at the next General 
Town Meeting, Also Voted That the said Committee be desired to 
See that the Draughts made upon the Treasury and said Overseers 
be Agreeable to Law & the Votes and Orders of the Town. 

The Report of the Select Men relating to the further Regulation 
of Faneuil Hall Market was Read & is in the Words following, Vizt. 

To the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
in Town Meeting Assembled, May. 4 th . 1743. 

The Select Men having been appointed by the Town to Consider 
what further Regulations are Necessary for Faneuil Hall Market 

and having had a Short time onl}- to Consider thereof Report, 

That they are of Opinion it will be Convenient to keep the Market 
open till One o'Clock Three Da3's in the Week and that during the 
Summer Season it continue open on Saturdays [535.] In the 
Afternoon till Sunset. 

The Select men further Report, That the Assessors under Colour 
of the Province Law enabling the Several Towns to Tax all Per- 



20 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

sons who Trade & Traffick in any One Town and are Inhabitants 
of another for the Use of such Town where they Trade, have Rated 
a Considerable Number of the Countrey People who bring Proviss- 
ions to Market, which Practice the Select Men Apprehend tends 
to Discourage People from bringing Provissions to Town and so 
disserves the Town more than the Rates they Pay can be of Ad- 
vantage And that therefore the Assessors be directed to Discon- 
*inue the said practice. 

All which is humbly Submitted. 

by JOHN JEFFRIES ") 

ALEX B . FORSYTH 
THOMAS HANCOCK ! Select 
THOMAS HDTCHINSON [Men. 

MlDDLECOTT COOKE 

JOHN STEEL 

Upon that part of the Select Men's Report relating to the further 
Regulation of Faneuil Hall Market 

It was Voted, That the same be not Accepted. 

And after a long Debate on the other part of the said Report 
relating to the Assessors Taxing the People who bring Provissions 
to Market, a Motion was made that the further Consideration of 
this matter may be refer' d to the next General Town Meeting, and 
the Question being accordingly put, It passed in the Negative, & 
then the Town Voted, That the Assessors be & hereby are di- 
rected to Reconsider the Taxes they have laid on such Persona 
as bring Provissions to the Market in Order to Abate the same and 
that they discontinue the practice of Taxing them for the future. 

Thomas Hutchinson Esq r . One of the Committee appointed the 
Fourteenth of May last to Examine the Treasurers Books and get 
a Set of New Books & Settle some proper Method for the Treas- 
urer to State his Accot", &c. for the future, Reported, That the 
said Committee had Attended that Service and been at Considera- 
ble Trouble and Expence of time in Compleating the same and 
now produced the said New Books &c. and that they had Emplo3 - ed 
Mr. William Brock to Write & Assist in said Affair, praying the 
Town would make a [536.] Reasonable Allowance to the said 
Mr. Brock for the same. 

Voted, That the Select men be desired to make such an Allow- 
ance to the said Mr. Brock for the same as the}- shall think just 
and reasonable. 

The Petition of the Collectors of Taxes Praying the Assessors 
may be Allowed to Sit upon Abatements until the last Day of 
October next, now came under Consideration and after some De- 
bate thereon It was Voted, That the Assessors be Allowed to 

Sit upon Abatements until the last Day of September next and no 
longer. 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of Three Collectors of the 
Rates & Taxes for the Year ensuing, the Votes being Collected it 
Appeared that only two Gentlemen were Chosen into that Office, 
Vizt. 

Mess. John Staniford & ) ^ ,, 

Jacob Sheafe {Collectors. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1743. 21 

And then the Town proceeded to Choose another, and upon 
Collecting and Sorting the Votes it Appeared that Capt. John 
Goldthwait was Chosen into that Office. 

The Consideration of the Allowance of the Collectors of Taxes, 
now came on, and after a Short Debate 

It vvas Voted, That Twelve pence on the Pound (Old Tenor) 
be and hereby is Allowed to be paid to the Several Collectors 
of Taxes within this Town for the Year ensuing, Provided they Pay 
in to the Town Treasurer One half part of the Sums to be by them 
respectively Collected within Six Months from the time they shall 
receive the Books from the Assessors, and the other half part in 
Six months after, and in Case they or either of them shall fail 
Paying the Town Treasurer in the above manner the said Col- 
lectors shall forfeit the aforesaid Allowance of Twelve pence on 
the Pound for the Sum they were to Collect in the said Six 
Months wherein they so fail, Provided also that they give Bond with 
Sufficient Suretj's for the faithful Discharge of their Office to the 
Satisfaction of the Select Men. 

Thomas Hutchinson Esq r . One of the Select men Acquainted 
the Town that the Select men had received further Information 
from London relating to the Petition of Mess". Francis & Jones 
[537.] For a Rehearing of their Causes with the Town, that the 
Gentleman who had been so good as to give them this Information 
out of regard to the Town and their Interest had been so kind as 
to Use his best Endeavours to Oppose the hearing of said Petition 
and acting any thing thereupon, that lie had undoubtedly been at 
some Expence in this Affair and that the Select men as they have the 
Management of the prudential Affairs of the Town, think it but just 
and Honourable that the said Gentleman should have a reasonable 
Allowance made for his Disbursements and Trouble in this Affair, 
to which there was no Objection made. 

Voted, That all the Motions made, and Matters remaining un- 
finished, be refer'd over to the next General Town Meeting for 
Consideration. 

Then the Meeting was Dismissed. 



[Here ends the book of the Town Records. W. H. "W".] 



22 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



[Here begins the & book of the Town Records. W.H.W.] 

[1 .] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of 
the Town of Boston in Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall, 
on Friday the Eighth Day of July Anno Domini, 1743. 

The Warrant for Calling the Meeting Read. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to the Choice of a Moderator (by a 
handy Vote) and thereupon the Honorable Thomas Gushing Esq r . 
was Unanimously Chosen. 

A Petition of Mr. John Staniford Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market 
Praying that a Convenient Fire Room may be Assign-ed him in said 
Market was Read. 

The Act of the Great and General Court passed at their Sessions 
the Seventeenth Day of June last, Impowering the Town of Boston 
to Impose and Collect a Tax or Duty on Coaches Chaises &c. for 
the Use and Service of the said Town now came under Considera- 
tion pursuant to the Directions of said Act, and after long Debates 
upon the same, A Motion was made and Seconded, that the Con- 
sideration of Imposing the said Tax pursuant to said Act, ma}- be 
referred to the General Town Meeting in March next, And the 
Question was accordingly put, Whether the same be refer'd? And 
it passed in the Affirmative. 

Voted, That the Prayer of Mr. John Stanifords Petition for a 
Fire Room in Faneuil Hall Market, be referred to the Select men 
to Act thereon as they shall think proper. 

Voted, That all the other Matters and things referred over from 
former Meetings to this time be further Continued to the next 
General Town Meeting for Consideration. 

Then the Meeting was Dismissed. 

[2.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of 
the Town of Boston duly Qualified and Lawfully Warned in Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Friday the Fifth Day of 
August, Anno Domini, 1743. 

Prayer being made by the Rev 4 . Joseph Sewall D.D. 

The Warrant for Calling the Meeting, was Read. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to the Choice of a Moderator (by a 
handy Vote) and thereupon Thomas Gushing Esq r . was Unani- 
mously Chosen. 

The Selectmen Communicated to the Town the Copy of the Order 
that had been Served upon them the 28 th . of July last, of His Maj- 
esty in Council bearing Date at the Council Chamber at Whitehall 
the 27 th . of April last, granting a hearing upon the Appeal of 
Abraham Francis and others in the late Causes between them and 
the Town in November next, And the same being Read and long 
Debates had thereupon, A Question was put, Whether the Town 
would now proceed to the Choice of a Committee to Consider what 
is best and most proper for the Town to do in this Affair? And 
it passed in the Affirmative, and that the said Committee Consist 
of Seven Gentlemen : and thereupon 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1743. 23 

Voted, That Samuel Welles 

Edward Hutchinson 

James Allen } Esq r ". 

Thomas Gushing & 

John Read 

Capt. Nath 1 . Cunningham & 

Mr. Charles Apthorp 
be the said Committee for the purposes aforesaid, and they are 
desired to Report hereon at the Adjournment of this Meeting. 

Then it was Voted, That this Meeting be Adjourned to Friday 
the Nineteenth instant, at three o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

Friday the Nineteenth Day of August, 3 o'clock in the After- 
noon. The Town met according to Adjournment. 

The Committee appointed the Fifth instant, to Consider what is 
bjst and most proper for the Town to do on the Order of His 
[3.] Majesty in Council granting a hearing upon the Appeal of 
Abraham Francis and others in the late Causes between them and 
the Town in November next, Read a Report they had drawn up, 
and after long Debates thereupon, It was Voted, That the same 
Committee be desired more particularly and Specially to draw up 
Arguments on the Several heads & things mentioned in their 
Report, and Enlarge thereupon in such manner as they shall think 
proper and Report hereon at the Adjournment of this Meeting 

Then 

Voted, That this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday the Twelfth. 
Day of September next at Ten o'Clock in the Forenoon. 

Monday, the Twelfth Day of September, 10 o'Clock in the Fore- 
noon. The Town met according to Adjournment. 

And after a Considerable Debate, Whether the Town would now 
proceed to determine what they shall do relating to the Causes 
between the Town and Mr. Everills Heirs or that the same be 
referred to a further Adjournment. 

It was Voted, That the Consideration thereof be referred to the 
next Adjournment of this Meeting Also 

Voted, That the Selectmen be desired to Order & Direct the 
Several Constables of the Town to Notify the Inhabitants that the 
said Affair with Mr. Everills Heirs is then to be taken into Con- 
sideration & determined upon how the Town will Act in the same, 
and that every Inhabitant of the Town be desired to give his 
Attendance, and the Committee are desired then to make their 
Report then 

Voted, That this Meeting be Adjourned to Thursday next at 
Three o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

Thursday, the Fifteenth Day of September, 3 o'Clock in the 
Afternoon, The Town met according to Adjournment. 

And after very long Debates had upon the Affair of Francis & 
Jones's Petition to His Majesty in Council relating to their Causes 
with the Town, A Question was put, If the Town would now deter- 
mine Whether they will proceed to a tryal of the Merits of the said 
Causes with Francis & Jones before His Majesty in Council? And 



24 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

it passed in the Affirmative, And that it be determined by a handy 
Vote, And accordingly upon a Motion made and Seconded the 
following Question was put, Whether the Towns Agent be In- 
structed to insist by his Council learned in the Law on the pleas 
[4.] Against His Majesty in Council his taking Cognizance of 
Mess. Abraham Francis John Jones & Hannah his Wife their 
Claim against the Town and thereon finally Rest. 

And it passed in the Affirmative. Then 

Voted That Samuel Welles Esq r . and the other Gentlemen of 
the Towns Committee in this Affair now Subsisting be & hereby 
are desired and Impowered to prepare as Speedily as may be full 
and Ample Instiuctiors fcr the Agent that shall be hose by the 
Town for his Direction & proceedings in this Affair and Report 
the same to the Town for their Acceptance as soon as may be 
Then 

Voted, That the Town will proceed to the Choice of an Agent 
or Agents to Appear for them in this Affair before His Majesty 
in Council, Tomorrow at Five o'Clock in the Afternoon, and also 
that the Town shall then take into Consideration what Sums of 
Money it will be proper for the Town to Raise in this Affair. 

Voted, That this Meeting be Adjourned to Tomorrow at Five 
o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

Friday, the Sixteenth Dav of September, 5 o'Clock in the After- 
noon, The Town met according to Adjournment. 

And according to the Vote of Yesterday, the Town having 
Voted that they'l Choose but One Agent to Appear for them 
before His Majesty in Council on the Affair of Mess". Francis & 
Jones's Petition proceeded to the Choice of a Person for that pur- 
pose & were directed to bring in their Votes and upon Sorting the 
same it Appeared that Christopher Kilby Esq r . was Chosen by a 
very great Majority. 

Mr. Peter Luce of Boston Merchant after the Choice made a 
Motion that some Papers he had received from S* Christophers 
relating to Mr. Kilby might be Read and being Seconded, A 
Question was put, Whether the said Papers should be Read, And 
it passed in the Negative. 

Then the Town proceeded to take into Consideration what Sum 
of Money it will be proper for the Town for the Town to raise in 
Order to Enable Mr. Agent Kilby to pursue this Affair & after 
some Debate thereon, It was Voted That the Sum of Three Hun- 
dred Pounds Sterling Money of Great Britain be & hereby is 
granted in Order to Enable the Towns Agent to prosecute the 
Affair. Afterwards 

A Motion was made & Seconded by Several that the said [5.] 
Vote granting Three Hundred Pounds Sterling might be Recon- 
sidered ; And the Question being put, Whether the Town would 
Reconsider the same, It was Voted in the Negative. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be and hereby arc desired and Im- 
powered to borrow the said Sum of Three Hundred Pounds Sterling 
as the same shall be found Necessary & Remit it to Mr. Agent 
Kilby as soon as may be. 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1743. 25 

Voted, That the Selectmen be & hereby are desired to Writ to 
Mr. Agent Kilby by the first Ship to Inform him what Votes the 
Town have passed & how far they have proceeded in this Affair 
&. therein Let him know that in Case the Papers and Instructions 
of the Town should not Arrive to him by the Day of hearing he 
is desired to pray for further time till he receives them and 
Strongly Urge and Insist that the Town have not as yet 
Appeared before His Majesty in Council in this Affair, but that he 
daily Expects a proper Power from the Town fully Authorizing 
and Impowering him to Appear and pursue the same. 

Voted, That this Meeting be Adjourned to Wednesday next at 
Four o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

Wednesday, the Twenty first Day of September, 4 o'Clock in 
the Afternoon, The Town met according to Adjournment. 

And upon a Motion made & Seconded by Several, A Question 
was put, Whether this Meeting shall be further Adjourned in Order 
to receive the Report of the Towns Committee relating to the 
Affair of Francis & Jones and the Instructions they have prepared 
for M r . Agent Kilby concerning the same, And it passed in the 
Affirmative then it was 

Voted That this Meeting be Adjourned till Tomorrow, Three 
o'Clock in the Afternoon, and the Selectmen are desired to direct 
& Order that the Several Bells Usually rung for the Town Meet- 
ings be rung Tomorrow at Two and Three o'Clock, and that the 
Selectmen put an Advertisement into the Morrows News Paper to 
inform the Inhabitants of the Town of this Adjournment. 

Thursday, the Twenty Second Day of September, 3 o'Clock in 
the Afternoon, The Town met according to Adjournment. 

And upon a Motion made & Seconded by Several that the Votes 
already passed by the Town relating to the Petition of Francis & 
Jones [6.] Might be read, and no Objection made thereto, the 
same were Read accordingly. 

Samuel Welles Esq r . and other the Gentlemen of the Towns Com- 
mittee now Subsisting appointed to Consider what is best & most 
proper for the Town to do on the Petition of Francis and Jones, 
presented their Report & the Instructions they had drawn up for 
the direction of the Agent & the same were Read. And then 

A Motion was made & Seconded by many Members that some 
Person might be joined with M r . Agent Kilby to Appear for the 
Town before his Majesty in Council in the Affair of Francis & 
Jones's Petition to His Majesty, and after some Debate thereon, 
A Question was put Whether the Town will Reconsider the Vote 
they passed determining that they would Chose but One Agent, 
And it passed in the Affirmative. And then a further Question 
was put Whether the Town will proceed to the Choice of some 
other Person to be joined in the Agency with Mr. Kilby to Appear 
before His Majesty in Council in the Affair of Francis & Jones's 
Petition to His Majesty, And it passed in the Affirmative. And 
the Town then proceeded to bring in their Votes accordingly and 



26 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

upon Sorting the same it Appeared that Eliakim Palmer Esq r . was 
Chosen by a very great Majority. 

Voted, That Christopher Kilby & Eliakim Palmer Esq r . be and 
hereby are fully Authorized and Impovvered Jointly and Severally 
to Appear for the Town by their Council learned in the Law before 
His Majesty in Council in the Affair of Mess. Abraham Francis 
John Jones & Hannah his Wife's Petition to His Majesty in 
Council for a hearing of their late Causes with the Town. 

A Motion made & Seconded by Several Members that the 
Vote passed by the Town the 15 th . instant Vizt. that the Towns 
Agent be Instructed to Insist by his Council learned in the Law on 
the pleas against 11 is Majesty in Council his taking Cognizance of 
Mes-s". Abraham Francis John Jones & Hannah his Wife their 
Churn against the Town and thereon finally Rest, may be Recon- 
sidered, and after very long Debates thereon. 

It was Voted in the Negative. 

[7.1 Voted, That the Committee be desired to Compleat the 
Needful Instructions for the Agents in this Affair and Commit 
them to the Selectmen to be forwarded to the Agents as soon as 
may be. 

Voted, That the Fee to be given to the Council for the Town in 
London be left to the discretion of the Agents. 

Then the Meeting was Dismissed. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly Qualified und lawfully Warned in Publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Mondav the Twelfth 
Day of iMarch, A.D. 1743. 

Prayer being made by the Reverend Mr. Thomas Prince. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to the Choice of a Moderator 

The Votes being Collected, it Appeared that 

The Hon ble . Thomas Cushing Esq r . was Unanimously Chosen. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait was Unanimously Chosen Town Clerk for the 
Year ensuing, and sworn into that Office by Daniel Henchman Esq r . 

Sundry Petitions Read, Vizt. 

of Sundry Inhabitants for a Way from Sudbury Street. 

for Paving Winter Street. 

for an Engine at the South End. 

. * for a Publick Market at the North End. 

of John Swinnerton to keep a School for Reading & Spelling. 

of Mr. Abia Holbrook for Inlargernent of his Salary. 

of M r . John Procter Jun r . for an Addition to his Salary. 

of M r . Francis Willoughby keeper of the Granary for Addi- 
tion to his Salary. 

of Sundry Bell-ringers for a further Allowance for ringing the 
Bells. 

of the Engine Men to be Excused from other Service, and to 
have the Premium Continued. 

[8.] of M r . Moses Deshon that the Town would Accept of the 
Arms of Peter Faneuil Esq r . and make him an Allowance for them. 



. BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1743. 27 

The General Courts Grant of Six Hundred & Sixty Six Pounds 
Thirteen Shillings & lour pence for Fortifications Read 

The Report of the Committee appointed to Prosecute En 
croachers on the South Battery Lands Read. 

The Report of the Selectmen on the Visitation of the Schools 
Read. 

A Motion made by Thomas Hutchinson Esq r . to Consider of an 
Application to be made to tlie General Court that the Selectmen 
may be Vested with power more Effectually to put the By-Laws of 
the Town in Execution. 

A Motion maile by M r . Thomas Hancock that the Rails in the 
Common be Continued as far on Beacon Street as shall be thought 
Necessary to preserve the Herbage on the Common, and kept in 
repair at the Expence of the Town. 

A Motion made Whether the Fines arising on a Persons 
refusing to Serve in any Office to which he is Chosen shall be 
paid in Bills of the Old Tenor, or the same Sum in Lawful Money 
that is mentioned in the Law. 

A Motion made by the Town Treasurer that the Town would 
determine Whether the Quit Rents due to the Town shall be Dis- 
charged by receiving such a Sum in Bills of the Old Tenor, as is 
mentioned in the Agreement. 

A Motion made by Deacon Jonathan Williams that the Moder- 
ators Seat may be removed into the Middle of Faneuil Hall. 

A Motion made by M r . Robert Rand that some more Effectual 
Method may be taken to prevent the firing of Chimneys. 

A Motion made by Col. Benjamin Pollard that the Town 
would take Effectual Method to prevent the Desti'uetion & Loss 
of Fire Buckets, after Fires are Extinguished. 

A Motion made Whether the respective Fines & Forfeitures 
arising to the Town from those Persons who refuse to Serve in 
the Offices to which they are Chosen & fixed & Set in Bills of the 
Old Tenor are to be now paid the same Sums in Old Tenor Bills 
or Lawful Money. 

[9.] Voted, to proceed to the Choice of Seven Selectmen. 

A Doubt arising Whether by Law the Selectmen & other Officers 
Chose at the Annual Town Meeting in March, must have a Major 
part of the Votes brought in for such Choice, or Whether the 
Persons who have the greatest Number of Votes are not legally 
Chosen, The Law of the Province relating to the Choice of Town 
Officers &c. was Read, and after some Debate thereon, It was 
determined by a Vote that the Town Apprehends the true Sense 
& meaning of said Law to be, that every Person Voted for to any 
Office must have a Major part of the Votes brought in, & that 
otherwise he is not legally Chosen. 

The Votes being brought in and Sorted it Appeared that Five 
Selectmen only were Chosen, Vizt. 

Capt. Alexander Forsyth "^ 

Jonas Clarke Esq r . 

Mr. Thomas Hancock i- Selectmen. 

Capt. John Steel 

M r . William Salter 



28 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



Capt. Alexander Forsyth One of the Selectmen informed the 
Town that he had Served in that Office for about Ten Years past 
and was Obliged to the Town for the Respect shewn him in Con- 
tinuing him so long in said Office & prayed the Town would Excuse 

him from serving any longer Voted That the Thanks of the 

Town be & hereby is given to Capt. Alexander Forsyth for his 
great Care & Assistance in Transacting the Affairs of the Town as 
One of the Selectmen for Ten Years past, & that he be Excused 
accordingly. 

The Town then Adjourned to Three o'Clock in the Afternoon. 
Afternoon, The Town met according to Adjournment. 
The Inhabitants were directed to bring in their Votes for the 
Choice of Three Selectmen, and they being accordingly brought 
in & Sorted, it Appeared that only One Selectman was Chosen, 
Vizt. 

Thomas Hutchinson Esq r . 

Then the Town proceeded to the Choice of Two Selectmen & 
having brought in their Votes and Sorted 'em, One Selectman 
only was Chosen. Vizt. 

Samuel Adams Esq r . 

The Town then proceeded to bring in their Votes for One 
more [1O.] Selectman and upon Sorting them it Appeared that 

Mr. Middlecott Cooke, was Chosen. 
Upon a Motion made & Seconded by many Members, 
It was Unanimously Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be 
and hereby is given to the Honourable John Jeffries Esq r . for the 
great & faithful Services by him done for the Town in Transacting 
and Managing the Affairs thereof as One of the Selectmen for 
Twelve Years past. 

The Motion made in the Forenoon relating to Fines &c. now 
came under Consideration and after some Debate thereon, 

Voted, That any Person or Persons Chosen to any Office in the 
Town for the Year ensuing who in Case of refusal is Obliged to 
pay any Fine or Penalty shall be Excused from Serving in such 
Office provided he or they shall Pay their respective Fines in Bills 
of the Old Tenor as the Several Persons did who were the last 
Year elected and refused to Serve. 

Voted, To Choose Twelve Constables distinct from Collectors of 
Taxes, accordingly 

Mess. Nathaniel Allen Pay 
Joseph How Pay 

Stephen Apthorp Sworn 
John Dennie Jun r . Pay 
Stephen Hall Pay 

James Perkins Pay 

Josiah Fessenden Sworn 
Thomas Speakman Sworn 
John Rowe Pay 

Lemuel Gowen Pay 
George Bethune Excus'd 
Isaac Savage Sworn 

were Chosen Constables. 



Constables. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1743-4. 



29 



Voted That the Town proceed to the Choice of a County 
Treasurer Tomorrow at Twelve o'Clock. 

Then the Town Adjourned till Tomorrow Nine o'Clock A.M. 



Constables. 



Tuesday March. 13. 1743. 

The Town being Assembled according to Adjournment. 

The Inhabitants were directed to bring in their Votes for [11] 
Six Constables, accordingly 

Mess. Samuel Gardner Pay ^ 

Joseph Grant Jun r . Pay 
James Monk p d . in 1 740 
Josiah Quincy Pay 

Joseph Ballard Pay 

Jonathan Tilden Excused J 
were Chosen Constables. 

A Motion was made by Col. Jacob Wendell that the Town 
would immediately proceed to the Choice of a Town Treasurer 
which was accordingly Voted, and the Inhabitants directed to 
bring in their Votes, which being Collected & Sorted it Appeared 
that 

The Hon ble . Joseph Wadsworth Esq r . was Chosen by a great 
Majority & was accordingly Sworn in to said Office by the Hon ble . 
Jacob Wendell Esq r . 

The following Gentlemen were Chosen Overseers of the Poor 
for the Year ensuing, Vizt. 

The Hon ble . Jacob Wendell Esq r . 

William Tyler Esq r . 

Col. John Hill 

Thomas llubbard Esq r . 

Daniel Henchman Esq r . 

Mr. Edward Bromfield 

Col. William Downe 

Andrew Oliver Esq r . 

Capt. John Phillips 

M r . Isaac Walker 

George Rogers Esq r . 

M r . Ebenezer Storer 

Mess. Jonathan Simpson Jun T . Pay 



Overseers of the Poor. 



Pay 
Pay 
Pay 
Pay 
Sworn 



Constables. 



Ezekiel Lewis Jun r 

Samuel Sewall 

John Gore 

Albert Dennie 

John Ridgaway 
were Chosen Constables. 

Voted, That the Town proceed to the Choice of Three Collectors 
of the Rates and Taxes for the Year ensuing [12.] And upon 
bringing in the Votes & Sorting them it Appeared that, 

Capt. John Goldthwait ") 

Mr. John Stamford, and V Collectors of Taxes. 

Mr. Jacob Sheafe ) 

were Chosen Collectors of Taxes accordingly. 



30 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



Samuel Gerrish 
William Codner 
Samuel Service 



Pay 
Pay 
Pay 



Constables. 



were Chosen Constables. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a County 
Treasurer which being Collected were according to Law Sealed up 
by Constable Savage by him to be kept & returned to the next 
Quarter Sessions to be held for the County of Suffolk. 

Voted, That the Several Collectors of Taxes within this Town 
bring in Lists of the Names of all such Persons as have not paid 
in their Taxes at the Adjournment of this Meeting. 

Then the Town, Adjourned to Three o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

Afternoon, The Town being Assembled according to Adjourn- 
ment. 

The Petition of the Engine Men praying they may be Excused 
from Duty & have the Premium of Five Pounds Old Tenor 
Allowed to the Engine that shall be Orst brought to Work upon 
any Building on Fire may be still Continued, Read & Voted That 
the Prayer of the Petition be Granted, provided they Carry their 
Axe & Hook with them to the Fire. 

Also Voted That all such Persons as now do or hereafter shall 
belong to any of the Fire Engines in this Town be & hereby 
are Freed and Exempted from all such Dutys and Service (during 
such time as they shall belong to any Engine) as the Town hath 
Excused them from for Several Years, & that the Premium of 
1 ive Pounds Old Tenor be Allowed to the first Engine that shall 
be brought to & Work on any Building on Fire, provided they 
carry their Axe & Hook with them to the Fire. 

This Order to Continue & be in force until the Town shall See 
fit to Alter or Disannul the same. 

[13 1] Mess". James Tileston Pay 
Samuel Adams Pay 
Benjamin Harrod Excus'd 
James Alexander Pay 
Daniel Williams Pay 
Richard Atkins Sworn 
were Chosen Constables. 

Mesa" 1 . Onesiphorus Tileston Pay 



Constables. 



Constables. 



Constables. 



Michael Homer Sworn 

John Williams Sworn 

Joseph Grouard Excused 

were Chosen Constables. 
Mess. William Baker Pay 

Samuel Emmes Sworn 
Thomas Coverly Pay 

Richard Hughes refuses, Appeal to the Semlons 

were Chosen Constables. 

An Act or Law of this Province made and passed at the Session 
of the Great and General Court in May last Entitled An Act for 
Im powering the Town of Boston to Impose & Collect a Tax or 
Duty on Coaches Chaises &c. for the Use and Service of said 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1743-4. 31 

Town, refer'd over to this time for Consideration, now came under 
Debate and after a long time Spent thereon A Question was put 
Whether the Town will now Dismiss this Affair without any 
further Consideration 



It pass'd in the Affirmative. 



The Petition of Sundry Inhabitants relating to the Opening 
of the North Market as Read at the Opening of the Meeting now 
came under Consideration and after some Debate thereon, It was 
Moved that the same may be refer'd to the next General Town 
Meeting for Consideration, And a Question being put Whether the 

same be refer'd accordingly It passed in the Negative 

And then a further Question was put, Whether the Selectmen be 
desired to take down the Building formerly Improved for the North 
Ma'-ket & dispose of it in such a manner as shall be most for the 
Advantage of the Town? And it passed in the Affirmative. 

[14.] The Motion made by Thomas Hutchinson Esq r . at the 
Opening of the Meeting that the Town would Consider of an 
Application to be made to the General Court that the Selectmen 
may be Vested with power more Effectually to put the By Laws 
of the Town in Execution, now came under Consideration & after 

some Debate thereon It was Moved & Voted That the same 

be refer'd to the next General Town Meeting and that in the mean 
time the Selectmen be desired to prepare a Draft of a Law for the 
purposes aforesaid and present the same at said Meeting for the 
Consideration of the Town. 

The Motion made by the Town Treasurer at the Opening of the 
Meeting concerning his receiving of the Quit Rents due to the 
Town, now came under Consideration A.nd it was 

Voted That the same be refer'd to the General Town Meeting in 
March next. 

The Selectmens Report on Mr. FrancisWilloughbys Account of 

the Granary for the Year past & as Entred in his Book Read 

and Voted That the said Report be Accepted and accordingly that 
he be farther Accountable for Three Hundred & Thirty Bushels of 
Corn & Thirty three Bushels of Rye and the Sum of Six Hundred 
& Twenty One Pounds Nineteen Shillings & three pence in Bills 
of Credit of the Old Tenor which remains in his hands Exclusive 
of Mr. Wtlloughbys Salary for the Year past, Vizt. One Hundred 
Pounds Old Tenor which is hereby also Allowed. 

The Petition of Mr. Francis Willoughby keeper of the Granary 
Read at the Opening of the Meeting, Praying an Allowance may 
be made him for his Extraordinary Attendance of One Day in a 
Week at the Granary pursuant to the Towns Vote, now came 
under .Consideration, and after some Debate thereon 

Voted That the Sum of Fifty Pounds Old Tenor be Allowed to 
Mr. Francis Willoughby for his Extraordinary Attendance the 
Year past Also Voted That for the future the Granary be 
Opened only on Tuesdays & Fridays and that he then give his 
Attendance accordingly. 

The Committee appointed by the Town the Fourteenth Day of 
May A.D. 1742. to Prosecute Encroachers on the South Battery 
Lands, made Report, which was Read & is as follows, Vizt. 



32 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

[15.] The Report, of the Committee appointed by the Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston at their Adjournment on the Fourteenth 
Day of May 1742. to End the Controversy between the Town and 
such Persons as they should find had Incroached or Trespassed on 
any of the Lands or Flatts where the Guns were formerly Mounted, 
at the South Battery, having Attended that Service do Report as 
follows Vizt. 

The said Committee having found by many Evidences that the 
Hon ble . Jacob Wendell Esq r . doth Improve about One Hundred & 
Fifty feet of the Ground where the Line of Guns was formerly 
Mounted, and has Erected or Built a Wharfe and "Warehouses on 
said Ground and Flatts before it, and now Claims the same, as 
his own property, In Order to Recover the same for the Use of 
the Town, to be Improved as formerly the said Committee did 
Advise with Gentlemen learned in the Law who assured them that 
as the King had for many Years Improved that same Land and 
Flatts for a Fortification, and had never Released it or given it up 
that the said Committee could do nothing on the part of the King, 
by way of Reference or Accommodation with the said Jacob Wendell 
Esq r . for that the King referr'd none of his Affairs, but that His 
Majesty's Title, must be Tryed in the Law, before any thing could 
be done on the part of the Town, the said Committee therefore 
Employed John Overing and Jeremy Gridley Esq rs . for their 
Council who filed an information or Complaint against the said 
Jacob Wendell Esq r . at the Superiour Court of Judicature, Court 
of Assize &c. held at Boston in February. 1742. for not removing 
those Incumbrances from off said Battery Ground, which Com- 
plaint was Continued to the Superiour Court in August following, 
when aTryal was had on the Information aforesaid, before a Jury 
of Non Residents who went and Viewed the Premisses, and altho' 
there was a Cloud of Evidence to prove the Facts, And the said 
Jacob Wendell Esq r . Acknowledged before the Jury, that he had 
Built upon part of the Towns Ground and Flatts, Yet the said 
Jury brought in their Verdict that he was not Guilty, and accord- 
ingly the said Complaint was Dismissed by the Court on the part 
of the King, which made many People think that it went at the 
same time also against the Town, and that the Committee ought 
not to proceed any further in this Affair, but the Committee 
knowing that the Way [16.] Was now Clear for coming to an 
Accommodation with the said Jacob Wendell Ksq r . in the behalf of 
the Towns Right to the aforesaid Land, They did desire by their 
Chairman that he would give them a Meeting in Order to Referr 
or Accommodate the Dispute between him and the Town, but he 
utterly refuses to Transact any Affair with this Committee (for 
reasons best known to himself) The Committee therefore Seeing no 
Prospect of Settling the Towns Rights, with said Jacob Wendell 
Esq r . without going further into the Law, which they are unwilling 
to do, without the Towns Especial Order, They therefore think it 
proper to Acquaint the Town that they have proceeded thus 
far and Submit it to the Inhabitants for their further Considera- 
tion. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1743-4. 33 

Boston March 10 th . 1743. John Steel ] 

Shem Drowne > Committee. 
Jon a . Williams ) 

And after a long Debate had upon the said Report, 

It was Moved and Voted That the Selectmen be & hereby are 
desired to Conferr with the said Jacob Wendell Esq r . in Order to 
come to an Accommodation relating to the Lands in Dispute 
between him and the Town at the South Battery and Report of 
their Doings herein as soon as may be. 

Whereas Mess. John Goldthwait John Staniford & Jacob 
Sheafe Collectors of the Publick Taxes in this Town are Indebted 
Considerable Sums of Money to the Province Treasurer for Taxes 
due to the said Treasurer from this Town & Committed to them 
to Collect from the Inhabitants of the Town Therefore 

Voted That the said Collectors be & hereby are Obliged to 
make up & Compleat the Payment of all such Sums as are now 
due from them or either of them to the Province Treasurer in Six 
Months time from this Day, And in Case either of the said Col- 
lectors shall fail Paying into the Province Treasurer by that time, 
the whole Sum he is now Indebted to him, such Collector so failing 
shall not be Entitled to any part of the Allowance that may be 
Voted him for Collecting such part of the Taxes of the Town for 
the Year. 1743. as shall be Committed to him to Collect. 

Then the Consideration of the Allowance of the Collectors of 
Taxes came on and after a Short Debate. 

[17.] It was Voted, That Twelve pence on the Pound be & 
hereby is Allowed to be paid to the Several Collectois of Taxes 
within this Town for the Year ensuing, they paying into the Town 
Treasurer One half part of the Sums to be by them respectively 
Collected within Six Months from the time they shall receive the 
Books from the Assessors, & the other half part in Six Months 
after, and also make up & Compleat the Payment of the whole 
Sum due to the Province Treasurer (Saving One Thousand Pounds 
Old Tenor in the whole, to be Accounted in proportion to the Sums 
they are to receive) in Twelve Months time from their receiving 
the said Books from the Assessors, And in Case either of them 
shall fail paying the Province and Town Treasurer in the above 
manner the Collector so failing shall Forfeit the aforesaid Allow- 
ance of Twelve pence on the Pound for the Sum he was to Collect 
and Pay in manner as aforesaid, Provided also that the said Col- 
lectors give Bond with Sufficient Suretys for the faithful. Discharge 
of their Office to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen. 

Also Voted, That the said Collectors & each of them return to 
the Annual Town Meeting in March next, a List of the Names of 
all such Persons as may not then have paid their Taxes 

Then the Town Adjourned till Tomorrow at Nine o'Clock A.M. 

Wednesday March. 14 th . 1743. 
The Town met according to Adjournment. 
The Report of the Selectmen on the Visitation of the Publick 
Schools Read, and is as follows, Vizt. 



34 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Boston, in Town 
Meeting Assembled, March 12. 1743. 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Annual Meet- 
ing the Fourteenth of March last past Desiring the Selectmen to 
Visit the Several Publick Schools in the Town & to Desire such 
Gentlemen to Accompany them therein as they should think proper 

and to Report thereon We the Subscribers accordingly 

Attended that Service on Wednesday the Twenty Second Day of 
June last, Accompanied by the following Gentlemen, Vizt. 
The Hon. John Read Esq r . 
The Hon. Thomas Gushing Esq r . 
[18.] The Hon. Nathaniel Hubbard Esq 1 . 
The Rev d . Charles Chauncy D.D. 
The Rev d . M r . Samuel Mather 
The Rev d . M r . Andrew Eliot 
Daniel Henchman Esq r . 
M r . Timothy Prout 
Andrew Oliver Esq r . 
James Bowdoin Esq r . 
Joshua Winslow Esq r . and 
Henry Frankland Esq r . 

and found the said Schools under good Regulation, The Number 
of Scholars in each School were as follows, Vizt. In the South 
Grammar School about Ninety, In the South Writing School One 
Hundred & Sixty, In the Writing School in Queen Street about 
Seventy, In the North Grammar School Sixty five, And in the 
North Writing School upwards of Two Hundred. 

JOHN JEFFRIES 
ALEX*. FORSYTH 
JONAS CLARKE 

Tno 8 . HOTCHINSON j- Selectmen 
THOMAS HANCOCK 

MlDDLECOTT COOKE 

JOHN STEEL } 

Voted That this Report be Accepted, & that the Gentlemen 
the Selectmen be desired to Visit the Publick Schools the Year 
ensuing, and that they desire such Gentlemen to Accompany them 
therein as they shall think proper, and Report thereon 

Mess. Thomas Sherburn Sworn 

Richard Humphreys Excused 
were Chosen Constables 

Voted That the Selectmen Wait upon His Excellency the Cap- 
tain General to desire of him that he will be pleased to give Orders 
to ihe Commanding Officer of the Troop of Guards to Return into 
the Secretarys Office a List of the Names of all such Persons as 
belong to said Troop and do Duty therein that so the Town may 
know what Persons are Exempted from Serving in the respective 
Offices to which they are Chosen. 

Mr. George Gerrish was Chosen Constable. Sworn. 

[19.] On a Motion made and Seconded, that some Suitable 
time may be Allowed the Assessors to Sit upon Abatements 



( Constables. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1743-4. 



35 



It was Voted, That the said Assessors be Allowed to Sit upon 
Abatements until the last Day of September next, and no longer. 
Voted That the Consideration of M r . John Stamford's Allow- 
ance for Officiating as Clerk of the Market for the Year past be 
refer'd to the next General Town Meeting. 
Mess". Joseph Russell 

Sworn 
Sworn 
Sworn 
Sworn 



Fence Viewers. 



James Tileston 

Francis Wardell 

Hopestill Foster 

Caleb Ray 

Thomas Foster 

William Bearsto Sworn 

Joshua Thornton Sworn 

William Thwing Sworn 

Stephen Willis 

John Adams Sworn 

Samuel Sprague Sworn 

were Chosen Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". Benjamin Renken 

John Ruddock 

William Young (Retailer) 

Thomas Lee 

Nathaniel Barber 

Joseph Goldthwait 

Nathaniel Gardner J> Scavingers. 

Joseph Jackson (Hatter) 

Nathaniel Thayer 

Ellis Wilson 

Edward Winter 

Bartholomew Cheever 

John Taylor 
were Chosen Scavingers for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". Joseph Bradford Sworn *| 

Thomas Newman Sworn 

Edward Jennings Sworn f 

Phillips Chamberlain Sworn J 
were Chosen Hogreves for the Year ensuing. 
T2O.] Mess". William Nesbitt Pay 

William Browne Excused 
Samuel May Sworn 

Josiah Carter } 

Nathaniel Hodgdon Sworn 
Robert Williams 
John Allen Sworn 

were Chosen Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". Richard Backley Sworn " 

Peter Thomas 

Joshua Blanchard Sworn 

Jacob Parker Sworn ^ Assessors. 

Daniel Pecker Sworn 

Nathaniel Barber Sworn 

William Fairfield Sworn 
were Chosen Assessors for the Year ensuing. 



Sealers of 
Leather. 



36 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



Mr. Isaac Gridley was Chosen Surveyor of Hemp and Flax for 
the Year ensuing. 

Mess. Nathaniel Gardner Severn 1 informers a 

Richard Hubbard Sworn } 
were Chosen to inform against & prosecute the Violators of the 
Act for the better Preservation and Increase of Deer within this 
Province. 

M r . Richard Carter-Cowell was Chosen Haward for the Year 
ensuing -- Sworn -- 

Voted That the Selectmen be Surveyors of the High Ways for 
the Year ensuing. -- 

A Motion was made, Whether the Town will Choose Tything 
Men, but nothing done in the Affair. -- 

On a Motion made that the Town would now proceed to Choose 
the Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market for the Year ensuing, it was 
Voted and the Inhabitants were directed to bring in their Votes 
accordingly, And upon Collecting & Sorting the same it Appeared 
that M r . John Staniford was Chosen to that Office. 

The Petition of the Abutters and Proprietors of Land in Winter 
Street, Setting forth, That the Town at their Meeting the Thir- 
teenth of March. 1731. Voted That the Selectmen take Care that 
the Towns part of the said Street be repaired at the Cost and 
Charge of [21.] The Town, the Several Abutters paying 
their proportionable part as is Customary, That the Abutters on 
the said Street could not then Accomplish the Paving thereof 
by reason the Hon. Adam Winthrop Esq r . Deced who was an 
Abutter upon near One quarter part of the said Street would 
Subscribe thereto, but now M r . Thomas Oxnard who hath 
Purchased Col. Winthrops Estate there, and all the Abutters are 
ready to pay their proportionable part of the Charge of Paving 
the said Street provided the Town will pay their part thereof The 
Petitioners therefore Prayed the Town would Revive their said 
Vote & Engage to Pay the Towns part of Paving the said Street, 
upon the Abutters paying their proportionable part thereof as is 
Customary -- now came under Consideration And after some 
Debate thereon - 

It was Voted That the same be refer'd to the Selectmen who 
are hereby desired to View the said Street and Report the Cir- 
cumstances thereof at the Adjournment of this Meeting. 

The Memorial of Moses Deshon read at the Opening of the 
Meeting, Setting forth, That he by the Encouragement of Several 
Gentlemen about Fourteen Months since began to Cut the Anns 
of their Late Generous Benefactor Peter Faneuil Esq r . and soon 
after his Death the same was Compleatly Finished & Gilt, And 
the Memorialist Waited on the Selectmen to know if they would 
Accept of the same to be fixed in Faueuil Hall at the Expence of 
the Town, but they Apprehended it was a Matter they could not 
do without the Consent of the Town, The Memorialist therefore 
informed that he was at a Considerable Expeuce of Time and 
Money to Cut & Gild the said Arms, and as the Fixing of it in 
Faneuil Hall will not only be a great Ornament to the Room but a 
means of Perpetuating the Memory of the Worthy & Generous 
Donor - The Memorialist therefore prayed the Town to Accept 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1743-4. 37 

of the same & Order it to be placed in such part of the Hall as 
they shall think proper, making him such an Allowance for the 

same as shall by the Town be thought reasonable was now 

taken into Consideration and 

Voted That the Selectmen be desired to Purchase the said Arms 
of the said M r . Deshon at the Expence of the Town on such Terms 
as shall be thought reasonable & Fix them up in Faneuil Hall in 
such part thereof as they shall think most proper. 

On the Motion made by M r . Thomas Hancock One of the 
Selectmen at the Opening of this Meeting that the Rails in the 
Common be [22.] Continued as far on Beacon Street as shall 
be thought Necessary to preserve the Herbage in the Common & 
kept in repair at the Expence of the Town now came under Con- 
sideration 

And after a short Debate, It was Voted That the Selectmen be 
desired to Continue a Post and Rail Fence extending from the 
Alms House Westward so far as they shall think proper for the 
Preservation of the Herbage &c. in the Common, and Repair the 
same from time to time as shall be thought Necessary. 

The Petition of a Number of the Inhabitants of the Town Read 
at the Opening of the Meeting, Setting forth, That inasmuch as 
the Petitioners the better to Commode the Town and render 
the more Easy carriage of the Necessaries of Life did some time 
since lay out a Peice of Land of Twenty feet Wide from Sudbury 
Street running on a Line along by the Mill Pond to Capt. Wells's 
Sugarhouse and from thence to Hawkins's Street so Called which 
has been and still is of great Advantage & Benefit to the Town & 
as the same is Convenient & fit to make a Publick Street off, they 
prayed the Town would be pleased to Accept of the said Peice of 
Land for a Publick Street and give it the Name of Still house 

Square The said Petition was now taken into Consideration 

And after some Debate thereon, 

It was Voted That the Selectmen be desired to View the Land 
Petitioned for to be a Highway & Report the Circumstances 
thereof at the next General Town Meeting, And also make an 
Estimate of the Costs that may Accrue to the Town in repairing 
it if they Accept of the same as a Highway. 

The Petition of Isaac Peirce, Thomas Williston, Nathaniel Band, 
Joseph Simpson & John Roulstone Sextons & Bellringers in the 
Town as Read at the Opening of the Meeting, Setting forth That 
the Petitioner Peirce Rings the Bell of the Old North Church at 
the Hours of One o'Clock at Noon, Nine in the Evening & Five in 
the Morning, for which he is Allowed by the Town Four Pounds 
Ten Shillings Old Tenor for a Quarter of a Year, The Petitioner 
Band Rings the Bell of the New South Church at the Hours of 
Nine in the Evening & Five in the Morning for which he is Al- 
lowed Fifty Shillings Old Tenor a Quarter, The Petitioner Simp- 
son Rings the Bell of the Rev d . M r . Byles's Church at the Hours of 
Nine in the Evening, Five in the Morning & One o'Clock at Noon, 
for which he is Allowed Three Pounds Fifteen Shillings Old Tenor 
a [23.] Quarter, That the Petitioner Roulstone Rings the Bell of 
the Old South Church at One o'Clock for which he is Allowed 



38 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Thirty Shillings Old Tenor a Quarter, That the Petitioner Willis- 
ton Rings the Bell of the Old Brick Church at the Hours of Five 
in the Morning, Eleven in the Forenoon and Nine in the Evening, 
for which he is Allowed Four Pounds Ten Shillings Old Tenor a 
Quarter, That the Petitioners would Represent to the Town that 
the aforesaid Allowance for the Service aforesaid is so very small, 
being but about Three pence Old Tenor for each Ringing, that the 
Petitioners Apprehend they are not by any means Recompenced 
for their Time & Service and as the Petitioners Allowance is no 
greater now than has been for about Thirty Years past and Pro- 
visions & all Necessarys of Life more than twice as Dear as they 
were Thirty Years since, they Apprehended the Town would think 

it reasonable to Increase their Allowance They therefore 

Prayed the Town to take the Premisses into Consideration and 
make them such further Allowance for the aforesaid hervices as 

shall be thought reasonable which Petition was Read again & 

after some Debate thereon, 

Voted That the Selectmen be desired to Consider thereof, as 

also what further Regulation is proper to be made as 

to the Ringing of the Bells, and of the Allowance to be made to 
the Sextons for the same. 

Upon a Motion made & Seconded, That the Town would Con- 
sider of some Effectual means to prevent Frauds in the Measure 
of Cord wood. 

Voted That there be a Committee Chosen specially to Consider 
this Motion, and that the said Committee Consist of Five Persons 



Voted That Mess. John Darrell 
John Ruddock 

Robert Rand j- Committee. 

Joseph Bradford & 
Jacob Parker 

be a Committee for that End, who are desired to make Report 
herein at the next General Town Meeting. 

Upon the Motion made by M r . Robert Rand at the Opening of 
the Meeting, that some more Effectual Method may be taken by 

the Town to prevent the frequent Firing of Chimneys 

[24.] Voted, That the Committee already Chosen to Consider 
of some Effectual means to prevent Frauds in the Measure of 
Cord wood, be also a Committee to Consider what Method the 
Town shall take to prevent the frequent Firing of Chimneys and 
Report hereon at the next General Town Meeting. 

Voted, That this Meeting be Adjourned to Thursday the Twenty 
Second Instant, at Three o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

Thursday March. 22 d . 1743. 

The Town being Assembled according to Adjournment. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting 
Sent Word that he could not Attend the Business of this Meeting 
this Afternoon being Obliged to Attend the Honourable House of 

Representatives Whereupon the Town proceeded to Choose 

a Moderator in his room And the Hon ble . Edward Hutchinson 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1743-4. 39 

Esq r . being Nominated he was accordingly Chosen as Moderator of 
this Meeting. 

Mr. Benjamin White was Chosen Constable. Sworn. 

The Selectmen informed the Town that the Lease of the South 
Market hired of Mr. Willis will Expire the Twenty fifth instant, 
desiring the Directions of the Town relating to the Disposal of the 
Buildings on it, after some Debate thereon, the Town Apprehend 
that as the prudential Affairs of the Town are Committed to the 
Care and Management of the Selectmen they will do herein what 
will be most for for the Advantage of the Town either by removing 
the Buildings that are upon the said Leased Land or Disposing of 
the same as they now Stand. 

The Report of the Selectmen on the Petition of Sundry Inhabi- 
tants for the Paving of Winter Street, Read and is as follows, Vizt. 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Boston in Town 
Meeting Assembled by Adjournment, March. 22 d . 1743. 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town the 12 th . instant desiring the 
Selectmen to View Winter Street Petitioned for by a Number of 
Proprietors & Abutters to be Paved &c. and Report thereon. 

We the Subscribers accordingly Attended that Service and are 
of Opinion that it is Necessary the said Street should be Paved and 
the. Town pay their Part there of according to Custom [25.] Which 
We Apprehend will be about Two Hundred and Sixty Pounds Old 

Tenor All which is Submitted by 

Boston March. 21. 1743. SAMUEL ADAMS ^ 

JONAS CLARKE c i 

THOMAS HANCOCK \ Sele <*men 

MlDDLECOTT COOKE J 

Voted, That this Report be Accepted, and that the Selectmen do 
accordingly take Care for the Paving the Towns part thereof, pro- 
vided the Petitioners or Abutters or some of them become Obliged 
to the Selectmen for Defraying the other Two thirds parts thereof, 
the said Work to be performed according to the Directions of the 
Selectmen. 

Voted, That the Petitions of Mess. John Swinnerton, Abia 
Holbrook and John Procter Jun r . Read at the Opening of this Meet- 
ing be refer'd to the next General Town Meeting for Consideration. 

The Vote of the Council and Representatives of this Province 
the Eleventh of November last, Desiring His Excellency the 
Captain General, to give Orders that within Twelve Months there 
be Erected within the Town of Boston Another good and Sufficient 
Brest Work and a Platform Built and not less than Twelve Guns 
Eighteen Pounders or others Equivalent Mounted and all Suitable 
Warlike Stores procured and that the Sum of Six Hundred & Sixty 
Six Pounds Thirteen Shillings & four pence be Granted and 
Allowed to be paid out of the Publick Treasury to the Order of the 
said Town of Boston they giving Security to the Province Treasurer 
for the Erecting said Works and procuring said Stores, and that 
the same shall be from time to time Maintained or on the failure 
either of their performing said Works or Maintaining them, the 
Money thereby granted to be repaid by said Town into the Province 
Treasury Read, & after some Debate thereon 



40 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



Voted That the Selectmen be & hereby are Appointed a Com- 
mittee to take the aforesaid Grant into Consideration & Report 
at the next General Town Meeting what they Apprehend will be 

most for the Advantage of the Town to do in this Affair. 

It being Represented to the Town by some of the Inhabitants 
that there is Considerable Sums of Money clue from the Several 
Collectors of the Publick Taxes of the Town to the Province 
Treasurer. 

[26.] Voted, That a Committee be Chosen to Examine what 
Sums are now due from the said Collectors and each of them to 
the Province Treasurer, and also that the said Committee Examine 
the said Collectors Books in Order to know what Sums are due to 

them from the Inhabitants of the Town 

Voted, That the said Committee Consist of Three Persons & 
that, 

Mess. Isaac Walker ~| 

ThomasGreene& > Committee. 
Jeremiah Allen ) 

be a Committee for the purposes aforesaid, and the said Committee 
are desired to make Report of their doings herein at the next 
General Town Meeting. 

Mr. William Brown who was Chosen a Sealer of Leather at this 
Meeting desires to be Excused, he being Bound to Great Britain 

with his Family in about Two Months time 

Voted, That the said William Brown be Excused accordingly. 

Upon a Motion made and Seconded 

Voted That Three more Sealers of Leather be Chosen for the 
Year ensuing, and 

Mess. James Griffin 

Andrew Eliot & \- Sealers of Leather. 
Thomas Salter 
were Chosen accordingly. 

Sworn 
Sworn 
Sworn 
Sworn 



Mess. Nathaniel Barber 
Jeremiah Belknap 
Thomas Salter 
Nathaniel Gardner 
Joseph Fitch 
William Merchant 
John Darrell 
Robert Rand 
Thomas Stoddard 
Daniel Pecker 
Joseph Bradford 
Samuel Parkman 



Sworn 
Sworn 

Sworn 



Clerks of the Market. 



Sworn 
Sworn 

were Chosen Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Jeremiah Belknap ") 

John Salter, and > Com 16 *, for Purchasing Grain. 

Deacon Samuel Bridgham ) 

[27.] Were Chosen a Committee for Purchasing Grain, and 
they are' hereby desired and Impowered to give all Needful Direc- 
tions to the Keeper of the Granary respecting the Quantities of 
Grain to be Sold and Setting the Price thereof from time to time. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1744. 



41 



Viewers of Shingles &c. 



Mess". John Helyer Sworn 

Harvey Thomas Sworn 

John Hobbs Sworn 

David Kent 

Thomas Sargent Sworn I c u f g 

Richard Barnard Sworn j 

Barratt Dyre 

John Marshall 

Isaac Dafforne 

Richard Hubbard 

were Chosen Cullers of Staves and Hoops for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". Thomas Foster Sworn 

Edward Moberly Sworn 

Isaac Vergoose Sworn 

Edward Richards Sworn 

William Paine Sworn 

Benjamin Russell Sworn 

Joseph White Sworn 

Matthew Barnard Sworn 

John Lewis Vintenon Sworn 

James Barnard Sworn 

Samuel Hood Sworn 

William Parkman Sworn 
were Chosen Surveyors of Timber Boards Shingles &c. for the 
Year ensuing. 

Deacon Jonathan Williams desires to Withdraw his Motion 
made at the Opening of the Meeting relating to the removing of 
the Moderators Seat into the Middle of Faneuil Hall, which was 

accordingly Allowed him. 

Voted, That the Consideration of Raising Money be refer'd to 
the Next General Town Meeting. Also 

Voted, That all the Business and Matters of this Meeting now 
Unfinished be refer'd to the next General Town Meeting for Con- 
sideration 

Then the Meeting was Dismissed. 

[28.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duty Qualified and lawfully Warned in 
Publick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
Sixteenth Day of April. A.D. 1744. 

The Warrant for Calling the Meeting Read. 

The Town proceeded to Choose a Moderator by a handy Vote 
And the IIon ble . Edward Hutchinson Esq r . being Nominated he 
was accordingly Chosen Moderator of this Meeting. 

The Committee appointed the last General Town Meeting to 
Examine what Sums are due from the Collectors of the Publick 
Taxes and each of them to the Province Treasurer, And Also to 
Examine the Collectors Books in Order to know what Sums are 
due to them from the Inhabitants of the Town, Informed the 
Town that upon Enquiry they found there was due from the said 
Collectors to the Province Treasurer for the Years, 1741 and 1742. 
about Nineteen Thousand Pounds Old Tenor, but that they were 



42 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

not yet ready to make Report having not had time to Examine the 
Collectors Books. 

The Selectmen Acquainted the Town that they had received 
from London by the last Ship Two Letters, One from Christopher 
Kilby Esq r . the other from Eliakim Palmer Esq r . Agents for the 
Town of Boston relating to the Towns Causes with Francis, Jones 
&c. which they were ready to -Communicate if the Town thinks 
proper. 

The Committee appointed by Commission from His Excellency 
the Captain General the fourteenth of June A.D. 1742. to repair 

the Butterys or Fortifications within the Town of Boston 

Reported how far they had proceeded therein and the present 
State of the same, which was Read and is as follows, Vizt. 

The Report of the Committee appointed the Fourteenth of June, 
A.U. 1742. to Repair the Batterys or Fortifications within the 
Town of Boston, how far they have proceeded therein and the 
present State of the same Vizt. 

The said Committee at the North Battery have Built a New 
Front with large Flat Stones about Two Hundred feet in Length 
Eleven feet high, Ten feet Wide at the Bottom running up Bat- 
tering to the Top to about Seven feet in Wedth, At the North- 
east Corner a head Carried out to the Channel of about Fifty four 
feet, with a Wall about Thirteen feet high to join the other Work ; 
The Old [29.] Wharf e Wood of which the Battery was Built 
being Worm Eaten & Rotten was taken up to the Foundation in 
part And the whole laid down Anew with large Ton Timber well 
loaded with Stones about Fifty four feet Wide : Upon the Stone 
Work the Work is carried up with large Ton Timber Seven feet 
high well Dovetail'd and joined together, and a Platform for the 
Guns laid upon large Timber with good Sound Pine Plank of 
Three inches thick Cut on purpose, and from thence a Brest Work 
Carried up with Ton Timber of Five fret Wide and about Two 
feet and an half high, the Old Wharfe leading to the Battery being 
broken up by the late Storm is Rebuilt from the Foundation. 
This Batiery when finished will Accommodate Twenly Guns Fifteen 
of which will point directly down the Chnnnel; the Charge of 
Carrying on the Work so far as is done Amounts to about Kight 
Thousand Two Hundred & Eighty Seven Pounds Seven 
Shillings & four pence Old Tenor, of which is already paid to the 
Workmen & for Materials Seven Thousand Four Hundred & 
Eighty Seven Pounds Seven .Shillings and four ponce. And there 
still remains due to Sundry Persons about Eight Hundred Pounds 
Old Tenor. 

The Work still to be done, Vizt the Brest Work to be Carried up 
about Four feet higher which will take about One Hundred Ton 
of Timber, Ports to be made, A Covering over them to be Miingled, 
the Front of the Brest Work to be Boarded the Northerly part to 
be raised which will take about Fifty Ton of Timber, besides 
Stone & Plank, A Fence to be made, A Small house for the 
Stores with a Gentry Box. All Sorts of Stores, Vizt. Shot &c. 
New Trucks for the Carriages with other Jobbs which will Amount 
to about Two Thousand Pounds Old Tenor. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1744. 43 

At the South Battery, the Committee have thoroughly repaired 
the Sconce by carrying up the Stone & Brick Wall which was 
decaj'ed and broken down, New Covering & Shingling the House, 
Making New Windows Doors & Floors, Fit to receive Stores & 
preserve the Shot &c. that is now there, Mounting the Guns on 
the Carriages, the which Cost & is paid Five Hundred & Nine 
Pounds One Shilling & Eight pence Old Tenor 

To Carry on the projected Battery its judged it will Cost about 
Eight or Ten Thousand Pounds Old Tenor for which the Province 
has granted Two Thousand Six Hundred & Sixty Six Pounds 
Thirteen Shillings and four pence Old Tenor, and which now lyes 
before the Town for their Acceptance upon the Conditions men- 
tioned in the said Grant. 

All which is humbly Submitted by 

THOMAS HANCOCK JOHN JEFFRIES ~) 
MIDDLECOTT CooKE ALEX'. FoBSYTH > Committee. 
JOHN STEEL JONAS CLARKE ) 

Boston April. 16. 1744. 

[3O.] The Vote of the Council and House of Representatives 
of the Eleventh of November last Desiring His Excellency the 
Captain General to give Orders that within Twelve Months there 
be Erected within the Harbour of Boston Another good and Suffi- 
cient Brest Work & a Platform Built and not less than Twelve 
Guns Eighteen Pounders or others Equivalent Mounted and all 
Suitable Warlike Stores procured, and that the Sum of :Six Hun- 
dred & Sixty six Pounds Thirteen Shillings & four pence be 
Granted and Allowed to be paid out of the Pnblick Treasury to 
the Order of the said Town of Boston they giving Security to the 
Province Treasurer for the Erecting said Works and procuring 
said Stores, and that the same shall be from time to time Main- 
tained or on the failure either of their performing said Works or 
Maintaining them, the Money thereby granted to be repaid by 
said Town into the Province Treasury again And to which His 
Excellency Consented being Read. 

The Town immediately proceeded to take the same into Consid- 
eration and after long Debates thereon. 

A Motion was made and Seconded that the Town would Recon- 
sider a Vote by them passed at the last General Town Meeting 
appointing the Selectmen a Committee to take the said Grant into 
Consideration and Report what they Apprehend will be most for 
the Advantage of the Town to do in this Affair, the said Committee 
having yet done Nothing thereon 

And it was accordingly Voted That the same be Reconsidered, 

Then a Motion was made & Seconded that the Town would im- 
mediately proceed to Vote, Whether they will Accept of the afore- 
said Grant of the General Court on the Conditions therein men- 
tioned, And a Question being accordingly put, 

It was Voted That the said Grant be & hereby is Accepted oh 
the Conditions therein mentioned Also 

Voted That the Selectmen be desired on the behalf of the Town 
to give Security to the Province Treasurer in the manner required 
by the Grant of the General Court & thereupon receive the said 



44 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Money of the said Province Treasurer and pay the same unto the 
Town Treasurer to by by him kept and paid out unto such Persons 
as the Selectmen shall Order upon Drafts by them made for that 
purpose. 

[31.] A Motion was made and Seconded that the Sum of Ten 
Thousand Pounds Old Tenor may be raised by a Tax upon the 
Inhabitants in Order to Carry on the Batterys or Fortifications 
within the Town, but the same being Opposed by Several of the 
Inhabitants who Moved that only the Sum of Six Thousand 
Pounds Old Tenor may be Raised for that purpose, A previous 
Question was put, Whether the Town will now proceed to raise 
any Certain Sum of Money for Fortifying the Town, And it passed 
in the Affirmative Then 

Voted That the Sum of Ten Thousand Pounds Old Tenor be 
raised by a Tax on the Inhabitants of this Town the same to be 
Applyed for Building of the Batterys and Fortifications in said 
Town and no other Use, And that the Assessors Set forthwith to 
make and Apportion the said Assessments upon the Inhabitants, 
And that the same be paid in to the Town Treasurer on or before 
the Tenth Day of August next, to be by him paid out to such Per- 
sons as the Selectmen shall Order. 

Votedi That Mess". John Goldthwait Daniel Pecker, Nathaniel 
Barber, Jeremiah Belknap, Sampson Salter, William Ireland, John 
Williams, John Tudor, Daniel Ballard Samuel Bass Jonathan 
Williams and Joseph Roby be and hereby are Appointed to Collect 
the aforesaid Sum of Ten Thousand Pounds and that they pay in 
the same to the Trown Treasurer on or before the said Tenth Day 
of August next accordingly. 

Voted That the Selectmen in behalf of the Town Petition the 
Great and General Court or Assembly to be held at Boston on 
Wednesday next praying them to make a further Grant to the 
Town of such Sum as they shall think proper in Order to Enable 
them to Carry on the Building and Compleating the Batterys or 
Fortifications within the Town. 

The Letters of Christopher Kilby & Eliakim Palmer Esq". Dated 
at London the Eleventh & Eighteenth of February last mentioned 
at the Opening of the Meeting were Read and the Town Appre- 
hending by Mr. Kilby's Letter that he is under some very great 
Mistakes relating to Several particular Matters by him mentioned 
in his Letter therefore 

Voted That the Selectmen be desired to take the Several Matters 
in M r . Kilby's Lette'r Complained of into Consideration & Report 
at the next General Town Meeting what they think may be proper 

for the Town to do thereon. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

[32.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly Qualified and lawfully Warned in 
Publick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Friday the 
Fourth Day of May. A.D. 1744. 

Prayer was made by the Reverend Mr. William Welsteed 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1744. 45 

The Precept and Warrant for Calling the Meeting Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

Jonas Clarke Esq r . One of the Selectmen in their Name proposed 
to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the Choice of a Person 
or Persons to Serve for and Represent them in a Great and Gen- 
eral Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday the 
Thirtieth of May instant, And in Order thereto to Consider and 
Ascertain the Number of Gentlemen to be Elected. 

Accordingly, Voted to proceed to the Choice of Four Represent- 
atives, And it was declared that the Poll be closed at half an hour 
alter Twelve o'Clock. 

The Votes being Collected the Number of Voters were found to 
be Five Hundred & Thirty two, And upon Sorting the Votes it 
Appeared that the following Gentlemen were Chosen, Vizt. 

No. of Votea. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Cashing Esq r 500 

M r Timothy Prout 434 

Thomas Hutchinson Esq r 302 

Andrew Oliver Esq r 296 

The Election of Representatives being Ended and the same being 

declared liy the Selectmen 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of a Moderator by a handy 
Vote, And the Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq r . being Nominated, The 
Question was put, Whether they would Choose the said Thomas 
Cushing Esq r . to be the Moderator of this Meeting And it Unani- 
mously passed in the Affirmative. 

Voted That this Meeting be Adjourned to Three o'Clock in the 
Afternoon. 

Afternoon, The Town being met according to adjournment. 

Sundry Petitions Read, Vizt. 

of Ebenezer Berry that he may be Released from pay- 
ing his Taxes for Three Years past. 
[33.] of George Tilley for leave to take Gravel from Fox hill 

in the Common, 
of Samuel Holyoke Writing School Master for an 

Addition to his Salary, 
of Sundry Inhabitants to have the New Brick Church 

Bell rung at Eleven o'Clock. 

of the Grave diggers that some place may be provided 
to bury Strangers in. 

Several Reports Read, Vizt. 

of the Committee appointed to Consider of Frauds in 

Cord Wood, and Firing of Chimneys. 

of the Committee appointed to See what Sums are due 
to the Province Treasurer and Examine the Col- 
lectors Books. 

of the Selectmen relating to Accepting a Peice of Land 

near Sudbury Street for a High Way. 

of the Selectmen, on Mr. Kilby's Letter read at the last 

Meeting. 

relating to the Selectmens applying to the General 
Court for a Law to Impower them to Execute the 
By-Laws of the Town. 



46 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Sundry Motions made, Vizt. 

M r . Edward Bromfield, that the Merchants Watch upon 
the Dock may be put under the Care of the Select- 
men. 

M r . Robert Rand praying he may Excused from paying 
his Fine for not Serving as a Clerk of the Market, to 
which Office he was Chosen in March last. 
M r . Middlecott Cooke, that the Writing School in the 
Common, whereof M r . Abia Holbrook is Master may 
be Enlarged, the same not being Sufficient to 
Accommodate the Scholars that there Attend. 
Andrew Oliver Esq r . that the Town would Grant a foot 
of Land or thereabouts to his Brother Peter Oliver to 
be Added to his Estate in Purchase Street out of the 
Passage Way leading before the same, and in Lieu 
thereof Accept of the same Quantity of his Land 
on the other Side said Street And that the Selectmen 
may be Impowered to lay out the same accordingly. 
Samuel Adams Esq r . on behalf of himself and the other 
Persons that Petitioned for Purchase Street, praying 
the Town to Accept of said Street as now laid out. 
Thomas Hutchinson Esq r . that the Moneys granted by 
the General Court and also the Moneys Voted by the 
Town the Sixteenth of April last to be raised by a 
Tax on the Inhabitants for Carrying on & Compleat- 
ing the Fortifications may be paid into the hands 
of some particular Person as may be Chosen to 
receive the same, to be by him paid out unto the 
Committee (or their Order) appointed to Erect 
Fortifications. 

[34.] The Assessors informed the Town that the Tax of Ten 
Thousand Pounds Old Tenor Voted the last Town Meeting for 
Fortifications was Apportioned praying the Direction of the Town 

as to their Delivering the Books to the Collectors. 

The Town proceeded to take into Consideration the Motion made 
by M r . Robert Rand praying he may be Excused from paying his 
Fine for not Serving as a Clerk of the Market, and upon hearing 

M r . Rand & the reasons by him given. 

Voted That M r . Robert Rand be Excused from paying his Fine 

accordingly. 

On a Motion made that the Foundation of I he Grant of the Sum 
of Ten Thousand Pounds Old Tenor for Fortifying the Town 
passed at the General Town Meeting in April last, may be Recon- 
sidered, after long Debates thereupon 

The following Question was put, Whether the Matters inserted 
in the Warrant for calling the Town Meeting the Sixteenth of 
April last, was a Sufficient Foundation for the Inhabitants of the 
Town to Raise the Tax of Ten Thousand Pounds then Voted for 

carrying on the Fortifications in the Town. 

Voted, in the Negative And then another Question was put, 

Whether there is a Sufficient Foundation in the Warrant for call- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1744. 47 

ing this present Meeting to proceed to Raise Moneys for Fortifying 
the Town, And it passed in the Negative. 

The Report of the Selectmen to whom it was refer'd to Con- 
sider of a Motion for Applying to the General Court for granting 
further powers to the Town for the Executing the By-Laws, Read 

at the Opening of the Meeting, was now Read again And 

after a Considerable Debate thereon 

It was Moved and Voted That the Consideration of this Report 
be refer'd to the next Town Meeting. 

The Report of the Selectmen consisting of a Draft of a Letter 
by them made in Answer to a Letter of Christopher Kilby Esq r . of 
the Eleventh of February last Read at the Opening of the Meet- 
ing, was now Read again and after some Debate thereon the 

same was Amended, And then Voted that the Selectmen be & 
hereby are desired to Sign the said Letter in the Name of the 
Town & forward it to M r . Kilby by the first Opportunity. 

which Letter is in the Words following, Vizt. 



[35.] Boston May. 4 th . 1744. 

Christopher Kilby Esq r . 
Sir 

Your Letter of the 11 th . of February with the Two Annexed 
Copys of Your Letters to Mr. Palmer were duly received by the 
Selectmen & by them Communicated to the Inhabitants of the 
Town. 

We Observe with great Concern that You have declined Engag- 
ing for the Town in their Cause with Francis & others and We 
cannot think You can be Justified in Your Severe Expressions & 
the Resentment You have shewn which have proceeded from Mis- 
takes or Misinformations. 

We cannot Answer for the Views or Prejudice of every Inhabi- 
tant but We are well Assured it was far from being the design of 
any Considerable Number much less of the Majority of the Town 
in joining M r . Palmer to put any Slight upon You or shew the 
least Distrust of Your Capacity or Fidelity in Pursuing the Interest 
of the Town, but it was Used as an Argument with the Inhabitants 
that the Appointing M r . Palmer and You by a joint Vote would 
have the Appearance of thte being the beginning of the Town's 
inserting themselves in the Affair and so any Objection that might 
be made that they had already by You their Agent Acknowledged 
the Jurisdiction of the King in Council would be Removed, what- 
ever Weight there might be in this Argument Yet it was the pre- 
vailing One. 

We are Sorry for the unlucky Circumstance of the Papers being 
Sent You by M r . Palmer under a Wrong Cover both the Original 
& Duplicates that went from the Selectmen were Superscribed by 
the Town Clerk & by him put in the Bag or delivered the Captains 
of the Ships they Went by, And M r . Palmer Undoubtedly is Ca- 
pable of Satisfying You of his Mistake. 

You Mention a Letter being received by You Signed by Six 
only of the Selectmen, the Seventh was not then in Town, if he 



48 CITY DOCUMENT No. T70. 

had been he would readily have Signed it & he joined with the 
rest in Voting the Letter to be Sent You. 

As these Circumstances which were a great reason of Your re- 
fusal & in the light they Appeared to You must seem extraordinary 
are thus Explained & Cleared, We hope You will still engage in 
this Affair which We look upon to be of very great Importance to 
Us and in which We very much desire Your Assistance, And as 
there was no design the Three Hundred Pounds Sterling should 
fall into the hands of One Agent any more than the other, We 
expect & doubt not that it will be Applied for the Service of the 
joint Agency in proportion to the Charge either of You have been 
or may be at. 

We are, in the Name & by Order of the Town. 
Sir, Your very humble Servants. 

[36.] Mess". John Greenough Sworne ^ 

Samuel Holland Sworn Clerks of the Market. 
William Palfrey Sworn ) 
were Chosen Clerks of the Market lor the Year ensuing. 

Voted, That all the Matters and Things now remaining Unfin- 
ished be refer'd over to the next Town Meeting, to be then Con- 
sidered and Acted upon. 

Then the Meeting was Dismissed. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly Qualified and lawfully Warned in Publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 
Ninth Day of May A.D. 1744. 

The Warrant for Calling the Meeting Read. 

Voted That the Town proceed to the Choice of a Moderator by 
a Written Vote, the Votes being Collected it Appeared that the 
Honourable Thomas Gushing Esq r . was Unanimously Chosen. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

The Petition of Edward Gray & others relating to Purchase 
Street, was Read. 

The Town proceeded to take into Consideration the Affair of 
further Fortifying the Town, and after a long Debate thereon, 

It was Moved & Seconded that the following Question might be 
put, Whether the Town will now further enter into the Considera- 
tion of Finishing the North Battery and the same being put ac- 
cordingly It was Voted in the Affirmative Then 

Voted That the Sum of Two Thousand Five Hundred Pounds 
Bills of the Old Tenor be granted and raised by a Tax upon the 
Inhabitants of the Town for finishing the North Battery, and that 
the Assessors Set forthwith to Apportion the said Tax and when 
finished Commit the same to the Standing Collectors of Taxes & 
that they be Obliged to pay the same into the hands of the Town 
Treasurer on or before the Tenth Day of August next to be by 
him kept and paid out unto the Committee already appointed to 
Erect Fortifications or their Order. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1744. 49 

The Town Apprehending the Vote pass'd by them the Sixteenth 
[37.] of April last whereby they Accepted of the General Courts 
Grant of Six Hundred & Sixty Six Pounds Thirteen Shillings & 
four pence for Erecting another good and Sufficient Brest Work 
&c. to be Invalid and illegal, proceeded further to Consider of said 
Grant and after some Debate thereon 

Voted That the Town will not Accept of the same on the Con- 
ditions therein mentioned, the said Vote of the Sixteenth of April 
Notwithstanding. 

Then Voted That the Town will not at this time take any Steps 
further to Fortify the Town. 

Voted, Th;it the Selectmen be and the}' hereby are desired in the 
Name of the Town to put in a Petition to the Great & General 
Court or Assembly at their Sessions in May next praying them to 
Alter the aforesaid Grant of Six Hundred & Sixty Six Pounds 
Thirteen Shillings & four pence in such manner as that the same 
may be Applied towards Compleating the North Battery, Supply- 
ing it with Stores &c a 

Voted, That this Meeting be Adjourned to Three o'Clock in the 
Afternoon. 

Afternoon, The Town being met according to Adjournment. 

The Petition of Sundry Inhabitants praying the Bell at the New 
Brick Church at the North End may be rung at Eleven o'Clock in 
the Forenoon and such Allowance be made to the Sexton therefor 

as shall be thought proper Voted, That the said Petition be 

refer'd to the Selectmen, they to Report thereon, as also on the 
Sextons Petition refer'd to them in March last, at the next Town 
Meeting. 

The Report of the Selectmen made at the Meeting the fourth 
instant, on the Motion for Applying to the General Court' for 
granting further powers to the Town for the Executing the By 
Laws was now Read again, and is as follows, Vizt. 

To the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
in Town Meeting Assembled May. 4 th . 1744. 

The Selectmen to whom was refer'd to Consider of a Motion for 
Applying to the General Court for granting further powers to the 
Town for the Executing the By-Laws, make this report. 

That they are of Opinion that Application be made to the 
General Court humbly praying, That as this Town is grown much 
more Populous [38.] Than under the Old Charter when they 
had power of making Laws with the Penalty of Twenty .Shillings 
Annexed, their power may be now by an Act of the General 
Court increased, so as to make By Laws with the Consent of 
the Court of Sessions with a Penalty not exceeding Forty 
Shillings. 

That the Selectmen for the time being or the Major part of them 
be Constituted a Court of Record & Vested with Powers Sufficient 
to try & Determine all Offences against the By Laws of the Town, 
their Courts to be held the last Monday of every Month under such 
Regulations as the General Court shall think proper, Provided an 
Appeal lyes from the Judgment of said Selectmen to the Court of 



50 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

General Sessions of the Peace for the County of Suffolk to be held 

next after said Judgment. 

All which is humbly Submitted. 

THO B . HUTCHINSON ") 
THOMAS HANCOCK 
MIDDLECOTT CooKE } Selectmen. 
JOHN STEEL 
WILLIAM SALTER j 

And after a long Debate upon the said Report, The following 
Question was put, Whether the Town will Accept of said Report 
and Apply to the General Court for the purposes therein men- 
tioned, And it pass'd in the Negative. 

The Petition of John Swinnerton praying that he may keep a 
Free School for the learning of Children to Spell & Read refer'd 
over to this Meeting now came under Consideration And after 
some Debate thereon 



Voted, That the same be Dismissed. 



Voted That the Overseers of the Poor be & hereby are desired 
in the most prudent & frugal manner to take Care that the Poor 
Children within their respective Wards be put to such Schools as 
are proper for teaching them to Read & that the Town be at the 
Expence of the same. 

M r . Treasurer Wadsworth presented an Estimate of what may 
be proper for the Town to Raise for defraying the Charges of the 
Current Year. 

Voted, That the Several Petitions of Samuel Holyoke, Abia 
[39.] Holbrook & John Procter Jun r . Schoolmasters in the 
Town praying for an Addition to be made to their S alary s, be 
refer'd over to the General Town Meeting in March next for Con- 
sideration. 

Voted a Grant of Fifteen Thousand Bills of the Old Tenor to to 
be raised by a Tax upon Polls & Estates within the Town of Bos- 
ton for Relief of the Poor and defraying other Necessary Charges 
arising within and for the said Town the Year ensuing. 

Voted, That the Sum of Seventy five Pounds Bills of the Old 
Tenor be Allowed & paid out of the Town Treasury unto M r . 
John Staniford being for his Salary as Clerk of Faneuill Hall Mar- 
ket the Year past ending in March last. 

The Petition of Ebenezer Beny refer'd to this time, praying 
for an Abatement of his Taxes for Three Years past for reasons 
mentioned in said Petition, now came under Consideration, And 
after some Debate, Voted That the said Petition be Dismissed. 

The Hon. Edward Hutchinson Esq r . from the Committee 
appointed to Examine the Accounts of M r . Treasurer Wadsworth, 
to Audit the Accounts of the Overseers of the Poor respecting the 
Almshouse, and also to Audit their Accounts relating to the 
"Workhouse, presented their Several Reports thereon which were 
Read and are as on file 

Voted That the said Reports be Accepted. 

Voted, That this Meeting be Adjourned to Tomorrow, at Three 
o'Clock in the Afternoon. 



JOSTON Towx RECORDS, 1741. 51 

Thursday May 10 th . The Town being met according to Ad- 
journment. 

The Motion made by M r . Edward Bromfield at the last Town 
Meeting that the Merchants Watch upon the Town Dock may be 

put under the Care of the Select men was now Considered, 

and 

Voted That the Selectmen be desired to take the whole Care of 
said Watch, that the same be kept up and Maintained at the 
Expence ol' the Town, until the Town shall Order otherwise. 

The Motion made by M*. Middfecott Cooke the last Town Meet- 
ing that the Writing School in the Common whereof M r . Abia 
Holbrook is Master may be Enlarged the same not being Sufficient 
to Accommodate the Scholars that there Attend, was taken into 
Consideration, & thereupon 

[4O.] Voted That the Selectmen be & hereby are desired to 
Enlarge the said School in such manner as they shall think Need- 
ful for the Convenience & Accommodation of the Scholars. 

The Motion made by Andrew Oliver Esq r . the last Town Meet- 
ing, that the Town will grant a foot of Land or thereabouts to his 
Brother Peter Oliver to be Added to his Estate in Purchase Street, 
out of the Passage Way leading before the same & in Lieu thereof 
Accept of the same Quantity of his Land on the other Side said 
Passage Way now came under Consideration 

And thereupon Voted That the same be refer'd to the 

Selectmen, who are desired to Act & do therein as they shall 
think proper. 

The Memorial of Edward Gray & John Hill in behalf of them- 
selves & others Proprietors & Abutters of Land on Purchase Street 
so Called laid out through Bartons Rope Walk Read at the Open- 
ing of the Meeting & now Read again Setting forth, That the 
Town at their Meeting in May. 1741 on the Report of the Select- 
men then made upon the Petition of the Memorialist's relating to 
said High Way Voted That their Report be Accepted & that upon 
the Petitioners Compleatiug the Street from Summer Street to 
Sconce Street of Twenty One feet in Length & levelling a part of 
the hill to the Eastward of said Street to the Approbation of the 
Selectmen & Convey over said Land to the Town for a Common 
High Way free from any Demand of the Proprietors, that then the 
Town Allow to the Memorialists One Hundred & Fifty Pounds 
& Accept of it as a High Way. 

That the Memorialists pursuant to said Vote have Com pleated 
the whole of said Street Saving a Small part thereof towards the 
Sconce belonging to the Hon ble . Col. Wendell & which the Me- 
moriali 8 ". were in hopes they should prevail with Col. Wendell to 
Release but as yet have not been able to do, That the Memorial- 
ists have Levelled the Hill to the Eastward of said Street to the 
Approbation of the Selectmen & done every thing the}' can to 
Comply with said Vote & are ready by a good Deed to Convey 
said Laud to the Town. And as they had been put to Consider- 
able more Cost Expence & Trouble than the}' at first Appre- 
hended They prayed the Town would be pleased to Accept of said 
[41.] High Way as it now is, altho' they cannot yet Obtain from 



52 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Col. Wendell his Land which would Enable them fully to Comply 
with the Towns Vote & thereupon Order the said Sum of One 
Hundred & Fifty Pounds to be paid them out of the Town 
Treasury. 

And after some Debate thereon 

Voted That the Prayer of the Petition be granted, & that upon 
the Petitioners & their Associates giving a good and Lawful Deed 
of the said Street to the Town as it now is, the Town Accept of 
the same as a High Way and that the Sum of One Hundred & 
Fifty Pounds Old Tenor be paid them out of the Town Treasury 
accordingly. 

The Motion made by Capt. Nathaniel Cunningham at the Meet- 
ing in That a Plan be taken of all the Lands & Rights be- 
longing to the Town and hung up in Faneuil Hall, & that a par- 
ticular Entry of all said Lands & Rights may be made in the 

Towns Books for the better Information of the Inhabitants 

now came under Consideration, & thereupon 

Voted That the Selectmen be and hereby are desired in the most 
frugal manner they can to take or cause to be taken a Plan of all 
such Rights as do in any manner belong unto the Town, and Re- 
port their Doings hereon at the next General Town Meeting. 
Voted That the Sum of Two Hundred & Fifty Pounds Bills of 
the Old Tenor be Allowed and Paid ou'; of the Town Treasury 
unto the Honourable Joseph Wadswortli Esq r . for his good Services 
as Town Treasurer for the Year past. 

The Report of the Selectmen relating to a Peice of Land, Peti- 
tioned for by a Number of Inhabitants to be laid out for a High 

Way leading from Sudbury Street to Hawkins Street was 

Read & is as follows, Vizt. 

To the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of Boston in Town 
Meeting Assembled May the 4 th . 1744. 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town the 14 th . of March last desiring 
the Selectmen to View a Peice of Land leading from Sudbury 
Street to Hawkins's Street Petitioned for by a Number of Pro- 
prietors & Abutters to be Accepted by the Town for a High Way. 

We the Subscribers accordingly Attended that Service & are of 
Opinion that the said Peice of Land be Accepted of by the Town 
[42.] For a Publick High Way provided the Abutters & Proprietors 
thereon Level the said Land to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen. 

All which is humbly Submitted, by 

SAMUEL ADAMS 

JONAS CLARKE 

THOMAS HANCOCK ^ Selectmen 

MlDDLECOTT COOKE 

JOHN STEEL 
WILLIAM SALTER 

And thereupon Voted That the said Report be Accepted pro- 
vided the s d . Proprietors & Abutters will Pave the said Street at 
their own Expence & Charge the same to be under the Direction of 
the Selectmen, and that the same be called and known by the 
Name of Still house Square. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1744. 53 

The Petition of George Tilley refer'd over from the last Meeting 
unto this time, praying the Town would give him Liberty to take a 
few Load of Gravel from Fox hill or Beach Stuff, from of the great 
Beach at the Bottom of the Common to Cover a hollow place in a 
High Way by him fenced in Order to lay out for the Service of the 

Town, near the bottom of the Common was now Read & after 

some Debate thereon 

Voted That this Petition be & hereby is refer'd unto the Select- 
men who are desired to Act & do therein what they Apprehend 
will be most for the Advantage of the Town. 

The Petition of Thomas Moulin & others Grave Diggers Setting 
forth that the South Burying place is so full that they cannot Bury 
the Dead without Disturbing them, praying the Town to take it 
into Consideration & that they will provide some place to Bury 
Strangers & Negroes was now Read & thereupon 

Voted That the same be refer'd to the Selectmen, they to Consider 
of the said Petition & Report at the next Town Meeting what they 
Apprehend may be proper to do thereon. 

The Committee appointed in March last to Consider of some 
Effectual means to prevent Frauds in the measure of Cord Wood 
presented their Report which was Read & is as follows, Vizt. 

Boston May. 3 d . 1744. 

We the Subscribers being appointed a Committee to Consider of 
some Effectual Method to prevent Fraud in the Measure of [43.3 
Cord Wood, accordingly have Couvers'd with divers People relat- 
ing to this Affair and do find that in times past some Wharfs have 
been Omitted as to the having a Sealer which has been a discour- 
agement to those that have been Sealers, & and many Coasters 
have gone from those Wharfs where there have been faithful 
Sealers to those where there has been none, Upon all which We 
are of Opinion That no Wharf where any Wood is Landed for Sale 
should be Destitute of a faithful Sealer, and that for his Encour- 
agement he should be Allowed Four pence Old Tenor for every 
Cord of Wood he Seals & that no Wood shall be Carried of from 
any Wharf without it be Sealed by One of the Persons so Chosen 
& Sworn, & that no One Sealer shall have the Charge of more than 
Two or Three Wharfs at the most All of which is Sub- 
mitted 

JOHN DAKRELL 
ROBERT RAND 
JOSEPH BRADFORD 
JACOB PARKER 

Voted That this Report be Accepted & that the Selectmen be 
desired to Act in Conformity to said Report. 

The Committee appointed in March last to Consider of some 
Effectual means to prevent the frequent Firing of Chimneys, pre- 
sented their Report which was Read, & is as follows, Vizt. 

Boston May. 3 d . 1 744. 

We the Subscribers being appointed a Committee to Consider of 
some proper Method to prevent the Firing of Chimneys, have Con- 



54 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

sidered of that Affair & and do find lhat many fires has been 
Occasioned by the Neglect of Sweeping of Chimneys, Therefore are 
of Opinion that if the Town could find two Suitable Persons that 
would Undertake to Effect the Sweeping of all the Chimneys in the 
Town of Boston they having a proper Encouragement for so doing, 
in such Case if the said Undertakers shall be duly Notified to 
Sweep any Chimney & shall not Attend his or their Duty within 
Forty Eight hours shall pay a fine of Ten Shillings for every such 
Neglect, And if any Inhabitant shall Neglect to Notify One of 
the Undertakers, & by such Neglect his Chimney shall take Fire 
so as to Blaze out at the Top, shall for every such Neglect pay the 
aforsaid Fine, And for the Encouragement of the Undertakers no 
Person shall Employ any other Person to [44.] Sweep their Chim- 
ney or Chimneys without paying the aforsaid Fine All which is 

Submitted by Your humble Servants. 

JOHN DARRELL 
ROBERT RAND 
JOSEPH BRADFORD 
JACOB PARKER 

Voted, That the said Report be refer'd to the Selectmen they to 
Consider thereof & Act therein as shall be most for the Security 

and Advantage of the Town 

Voted That M r . John Wheelwright 
M r . Jeremiah Allen 
M r . Thomas Greene 
M r . Harrison Gray & 
Nathaniel Balstou Esq'. 

be a Committee to Audit the Town Treasurers Accounts for the 
Year ensuing and make Report as Usual, and that they also Audit 
the Accounts of the Overseers of the Poor respecting the Alms- 
house, and also the Workhouse, and to Attend doing the same at 
the Usual place of said Overseers Meeting, & said Accounts being 
Audited the said Committee are desired to make Report hereon at 
the next General Town Meeting. 
Mess. Benjamin Ballard") 

Joseph Ballard > Cullers of Staves & Hoops. 
Benjamin Sault ) 

were Chosen Cullers of Staves & Hoops for the Year ensuing. 
M r . Thomas Hayes was Chosen a Sealer of Leather for the Year 

ensuing. Sworn. 

Voted That the Thanks of the Town be given to the Hon ble . 
Thomas Gushing Esq r . the Moderator for his great Pains in regu- 
lating & giving Dispatch to the Business of this Meeting. 

Voted, That all the Matters & Things remaining Unfinished be 
refer'd over to the next Town Meeting for Consideration. 
Then the Meeting was Dismissed. 

[45.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly Qualified and Lawfully Warned in 
Publick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday 
the Twenty Fourth Day of May, Anno Domini, 1 744. 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1744. 55 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

The Town proceeded to Choose a Moderator by a handy Vole, 
And the Honourable Edward Ilutchinson Esq r . being Nominated, 
was accordingly Chosen Moderator of this Meeting. 

Samuel Adams Esq r . One of the Selectmen, Informed the Town 
that M r . Francis Willoughby keeper of the Granary the last Week 
broke his Leg, whereby he is rendered Unable to Attend that Bus- 
iness, and the Granary has not been since Opened, He therefore 
desired the Town would give Directions to the Selectmen how they 
should Act in this matter. 

The Town proceeded to take into Consideration the Business of 
this Meeting, which is to Determine Whether it will be proper to 
give any Instructions to their Agents relating to the Controversy 
between them and Abraham Francis and others differing from what 
has already been Determined by the Town, And after very long 

Debates thereupon It was Moved and Seconded that the 

following Question might be put, Whether the Town will now 
come to a Determination of this Affair, And it being accordingly 
put 

It was Voted in the Negative. 

Voted, That there be Adjournment of this Meeting further lo 
Consider & Determine upon the Business thereof, and that when 
the same is Adjourned it be to Thursday the Fourteenth Day of 
June next. 

Voted, That this Meeting be Adjourned to Thursday the Four- 
teenth Day of June next at Three o'Clock in the Afternoon, And 
that the Selectmen give Directions to the Constables that the In- 
habitants of the Town be Specially Notified of this Adjournment 
and the Business that is to be then Acted upon. 

Thursday, June. 14 1744. Three o'Clock in the Afternoon 

The Town met according to Adjournment. 

And it Appearing that the Constables had not Warned the 
[46.] Inhabitants as they were directed, and few of the Inhab- 
itants being present, it was Moved that the Meeting should be 
Adjourned to some further Day and that the Selectmen be desired 
to give Orders in Writing to the Several Constables of the Town 
that they Notify the Inhabitants to meet at said Adjournment, 
and that Printed Tickets expressing ihe business of the Meeting 
be left at the Houses of the Several Inhabitants at some Seasona- 
ble time before the said Adjournment, which Motion being Sec- 
onded by Several, it was accordingly put, and Voted in the Affirm- 
ative Then 

Voted, That this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesday the Twenty 
Sixth Day of June instant, at Three o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

Tuesday June. 26 th . 1744. Three o'Clock in the Afternoon. 
The Town met according to Adjournment. 

The Hon ble . Edward Ilutchinsou Esq r . the Moderator of this 
Meeting being out of Town upon his private Affairs, It was pro- 
posed that some other Person be Chosen in his room. And James 
Allen Esq r . being Nominated, he was accordingly Chosen. 

The Town proceeded to take into Consideration the Business of 
the Meeting which is to Determine Whether it will be proper for 



56 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

the Town to give any Instructions to their Agents relating to the 
Controversy between them and Abraham Francis and others differ- 
ing from what has already been Determined by the Town 

And after some Debate thereon, A Question was put, And it waa 
accordingly, Voted, Nemine Contradicente that the Town will 
not give any Instructions to their Agents relating to the Contro- 
versy aforesaid differing from those already given them. 
Voted, That Samuel Welles ^ 

Edward Hutchinson 

James Allen v Esq. 

Thomas Gushing & 

John Read 

Capt. Nathaniel Cunningham & 

M r . Charles Apthorp 

be a Committee to draw up a Letter proper to be Sent to the 
Agents to Inform them what the Town have now done relating to 
this matter, and Report thereon at the next Meeting. 

Upon a Motion made by M r . Middlecott Cooke 

[47.] It was Unanimously Voted, That the Thanks of the 
Town be given to Capt. Edward Tyng Commander of the Province 
Snow for the great Service he has done in taking and bringing in 
to this Harbour a French Privateer Sloop belonging to Cape 
Briton Mounting Sixteen Guns and Mann'd with Ninety four Men 
Commanded by Capt. Delabroitz, which has been Cruising in Our 
Bay for several days past ; and that the Selectmen desired to 
present the same to him accordingly. 
Then the Meeting was Dismist. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly Qualified & lawfully Warned in Publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the Four- 
teenth Day of August, Anno Domini, 1744. 

The Warrant for Calling the Meeting Read. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to the Choice of a Moderator by a 
written Vote, and the Votes being collected it Appeared that James 
Allen Esq r . was Cliosen. 

The Committee appointed the Twenty Sixth of June last, to 
prepare the Draft of a Letter proper to be Sent to the Agents to 
Inform them what the Town have further done relating to their 
Controversy with Abraham Francis and others, Reported that, 
they had accordingly prepared the same which was Read & is to 
Stand in the Words following Vizt. 

Boston August. 1744. 
Gentlemen, 

Upon Receipt of M r . Palmer's Letters of the 18 th . of 
February & 9 th . of March last, the Selectmen Warned the Town to 
meet, specially to Consider of the Affair of M r . Francis and others, 
their Controversy with the Town, in its present Situation and 
Circumstances, and according. ; the Town met, as You See (by 
the Votes now Sent) Once and again, and after large Debates 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1744. 57 

& long Deliberation, they came to the Resolution jf Adhering to 
their former Instructions, without so much as One Vote to the 
Contrary, when the Negative was put, which You See is particu- 
larly exprest in the Record of the Vote. 

We Observe what M r . Palmer Says, that the Lords of Council 
[48.] Refused to hear any pleading upon the Petition of the 
Council & Assembly of the Province, It is possible it might be 
tho't Needless or improper to Argue a point that a particular 
Cause then depending, wou'd be much Affected by, before that 
cause came on, but however that may have been, We must press 
You, that in a decent humble manner, You insist on Our being 
heard on Our pleas in Bar, because, if We are refused, there are 
Several pleas beside those from the Charter, which respect the false 
representations & Abuses put upon the Town, in the Petition, that 
bro't on the Order for an Appeal, which wdl escape being heard 
also, and which, if they are heard, will, We doubt not, prove 
very clearly, that there is Nothing in the last Petition, that was 
Accepted different from the former, that was rejected, but False- 
hoods. 

We hope the light, in which We Set the Affair of Chusing You 
Agents for the Town, jointly & Severally & their other proceed- 
ings, has Satisfied M r . Kilby, that he had not Occasion given him 
by the Town, for so much Resentment and such harsh Expressions 
in his Letter of the Eleventh of March last, or to refuse the Agency, 
and therefore that he will readily do all in his power, to Serve Us 
in this important Affair. 

And after a Short Debate thereon 

Voted, That the same be Accepted & that the Selectmen be and 
hereby are directed to Sign the same in behalf of the Town & for- 
ward it to the Agents by the first Opportunity. 

The Town proceeded to take into Consideration. the Petition of a 
Number of the Inhabitants of the Town to the Selectmen Setting 
forth, That the Taxes Assessed upon the Town are so very Bur- 
thensome, that many, even of the Richest of the Inhabitants are 
groaning under the Weight of them & they Apprehended with 
great reason That the Middling Sort of People are daily de- 
creasing many of them Sinking into extream Poverty That 

not only the Trade is visibly decreasing, but many honest Trades- 
men are without Employ, the Trade of Building Houses being 

in a manner Stagnated, as well as that of Building Ships 

That in the last Supply Bill made by the General Assembly, the 
Funds are laid within the Year. 174G, and the Taxes made for the 
same, whereby they Apprehend the [49.] Succeeding Assemblys 
are foreclosed granting the People any Relief, as in the Year. 
1741. when the Burthen was so great (Occasioned by the Expedi- 
tion to the Spanish West Indies) as that the General Court looked 
on themselves bound in Compassion to their People, to Postpone 
the Funds to some further time, which, had the Taxes been made 

as now, could not have been done Wherefore this being a 

Matter of the greatest Consequence to the Province in general, 
& the Town of Boston in particular, the Petitioners prayed the 
Selectmen would grant a Warrant to Convene the Town to give 



58 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Instructions to their Representatives relating to the next Supply 
Bill, or any other Articles of Importance, if the Town See cause. 
And After a Considerable Debate, thereon, It was 
Voted, That a Committee be Chosen to Draw up Instructions 
for the Representatives of the Town relating to the Several Mat- 
ters mentioned in said Petition, and that said Committee be 
directed therein Strongly to Urge that the Representatives Use 
their best Endeavours to have the Funds put beyond the Year. 1 746. 
Also that the Taxes be not laid at the same time the Treasury 
is Supplyed. but that it be left to Succeeding Assemblys to do the 
same, and that it be an Article in said Instructions that the Re- 
presentatives also Endeavour that We have some Relief as to Our 

proportion of the Publick Taxes and then 

Voted, That the said Committee Consist of Five Persons, And 
accordingly, 

Ezekiel Lewis ") 

Samuel Welles 

James Allen . ] Esq rt . 

Samuel Adams & 

Abiel Walley J 

were Chosen to be the said Committee for the purposes aforesaid, 
and they are desired to make Report of their doings herein at the 
next Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dismissed. 

[5O.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly Qualified and lawfully Warned in Pub- 
lick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 
Twenty fifth Day of September, Anno Domini, 1744. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

James Allen Esq r . was Chosen Moderator (by a written Vote) 

A Petition of Sundry Inhabitants praying That Faneuil Hall 
Market may be Opened on Saturdays in the Afternoon & on the 
whole of those Days proceeding Thanksgiving and Fast Davs 
Read. 

A Motion made by M r . Jeremiah Allen that a Committee may 
be now Chosen by the Town to Audit tlie Accompts of the Com- 
mittee that were Appointed for Building the Batterys. 

The Committee appointed the fourteenth of August last to draw 
up Instructions to be given to the Representatives of the Town of 
Boston, having Attended that Service, now made Report of a 
Draft they had prepared, in tlie following Words, Vizt. 

To Thomas Cushing Esq r . M r . Timothy Prout 

Thomas Hutdiinson & Andrew Oliver Esq. 
Gentlemen, 

We have in Confidence of your firm Attachment to 
the Interest of the Province in general & of this Town in particular, 
Chosen You to Represent & Act for Us, this Critical Year in the 
Great & General Court, and as We hereby put Our Lives & Estates 
into your hands and do You the highest Honour in Our power, by 
placing in You the highest Trust, We Apprehend it Our Duty, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1744. 59 

according to the Example of Our Mother Countrey & frequent 
Practice of this, to Let You know Our Sentiments and Inclinations 
in some Affairs of great Importance to the Province, but particularly 
to this Town. 

[1.] We would especially Recommend to Your Care, the 
manner of Supplying the Treasury, We need not Observe how 
much the two Succeeding Years are loaded with Taxes, already 
laid, & therefore how Oppressive it will be to increase the 
Burthen, already almost insupportable by laying any of the 
extraordinary Charges of the War on those Two Years, for either 
it must be Concluded, when You make the Promise, to Neglect and 
break it, or to ruin the [51.] Province, both which. We trust you 
would be far from, & therefore We direct & Urge that you would 
take the third and only practical Method of laying the Funds, on 
some future Unincumbred Years ; and this is Agreeable to the 
Usage of all Wise States, so to Order their Affairs, that the great 
& Excessive Charge of War, may be defrayed and paid in the 
Days of Peace, when the People are at Leisure to Till the Ground, 
and may with Safety, Suck of the Abundance of the Seas : and 
not make Grim and Savage War, look yet more terrible, by Volun- 
tarily & Wantonly Adding the Ghastly Visage of Hunger & Naked- 
ness. 

2. We would further press You to Use your best Endeavours, 
that the Taxes be not laid when the Supply of the Treasury is 
made, but that future Assemblys (who will best know the Circum- 
stances and Ability of the Province) may have the Opportunity of 
Consulting the Safety and Weal of the Publick, of which right, 
they ought by no means to be debarred, We are Sensible that in 
times past, there have been some Mistakes made, from which 
Inconveniences have arisen, which might have been prevented, had 
the Taxes been laid irrevocably when the Funds were Agreed on ; 
but We had not then the Experience We. now have, of the Nature 
and operation of Bills of Credit ; Nevertheless howsoever that 
might have been, We cannot Suppose, because in some extraordi- 
nary times, when a Party Spirit has run high, there have been 
some Abuses of Our Liberties and Priviledges that therefore AVe 
should in a Servile manner give them all up. And have Our Bread 
& Water measured out to Us by those Who Riot in Luxury & 
Wantonness on Our Sweat & Toil and be told perhaps by them, 
that We are too happy, because We are not reduced to Eat Grass 
with the Cattle. 

3. We must further direct You, to Use your Interest, that this 
Town be Abated in their proportion of the Publick Taxes as now 
Assessed ; As Trade and Navigation abroad & Ship building 
ashore are the business of the Town and means to enable them to 
pay, when these fail, as it is visible they all do, since the French 
War : especially Building of Ships which is almost wholly Ceased, 
Our Proportion of the Taxes must Abate & Cease accordingly, or 
we must make Brick without Straw. 

4. We further expect, as You regard the good of Town 01 
Country, that you will be very watchful, and do all in your power, 
that none [52.] Who have a Visible Temptation to Prostitute 



60 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

the Publick Interest and Treasure, to Serve their own, may be im- 
proved or have Opportunity given them for it ; We also desire You 
carefully to Avoid men, Who from a Mean & Servile Complaisance 
to those in power, would Complement away Our Estates & Liber- 
ties nor let these despicable Tools, from the Supple & Contemptible 
figure they make, be tho't below your Care or Notice, Remember 
that great Mischief may arise, from the deceitful Cringing & 
fawning of the Spaniel, as well as from the Polluted and Rapacious 
Jaws of the Mastiff. 

The aforewritten Draught, is what We Apprehend the Town 
inclines, should be given the Representatives as their Instructions ; 

All which is humbly Submitted, 

by EZE: LEWIS 
SAMUEL WELLES 
JA S . ALLEN 
SAMUEL ADAMS 
ABIEL WALLET. 

The said Report having been Read Several times. 

After some Debate thereon, Voted That the same be Considered 
of Paragraph by Paragraph, And thereupon the First Paragraph 
was Read & Voted that the same be Accepted ; 

Then the Second Paragraph being Read 

Voted, That the same be Amended by having the "Words at the 
Close thereof Vizt. ''And have Our Bread & Water measured out 
to Us by those who Riot in Luxury & Wantonness on Our Sweat 
& Toil and be told perhaps by them that We are too happy, 
because We are not reduced to Eat Grass, with the Cattle." en- 
tirely Obliterated. 

And then the Third Paragraph was Read. 

Voted, That the same be Accepted. 

And then the Fourth Paragraph was Read and Voted, That 

the whole thereof be Obliterated 

And then the said Draft (as Amended) was Read & thereupon, 

Voted, That the Town Clerk be and hereby is directed and 
Ordered to Deliver an Attested Copy thereof to each of the Gentle- 
men the Representatives of the Town of Boston as the Instructions 
of the said Town. 

[53.] The Petition of Sundry Inhabitants praying that 
Faneuil Hall Market may be Opened on Saturdays in the After- 
ternoon & on the whole Day before the Thanksgiving & Fast 
Days, was Read again, And after some Debate, 

Voted, That the said Petition be Dismissed. 

Mr. Jeremiah Allen desired to withdraw the Motion he made at 
the Opening of this Meeting, for having a Committee Chosen to 
Audit the Accompts of the Committee appointed to Build the 
Batterys, being Informed that the said Committee had not as yet 
received in all the Acco u . for Building the same. 

The Meeting was Dismissed. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants, of the 
Town of Boston duly Qualified & lawfully Warned in Publick Town 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1744. 61 

Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the Thirty first 
Day of January, A.D. 1744. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting. Read. 

James Allen Esq r . was Chosen Moderator (by a handy Vote.) 

The Town proceeded to take into Consideration the Petition of 
a Number of the Inhabitants to the Selectmen for Calling this 
Meeting, Setting forth that the Inhabitants labour under a great 
Load of Taxes which on the Acco'. of the War is like to be En- 
creased, that the Collectors are greatly in Arrear with the Province 
Treasurer, & are Sollicking that the Tax Books for the Year. 1744. 
may be put into their hands, praying the Selectmen would not 
deliver 'em said Tax Books until the Town should Advise thereon, 
And after some Debate thereon, the Treasurer inform'd the Town 
th&t he Apprehended the Several Collectors had paid off (including 
their own Fees) the whole they were Indebted to the Town, that 
he now had Draughts made upon him by the Selectmen and Over- 
seers of the Town for Several Thousand Pounds Old Tenor, & that 
there is no Money in the Treasury to Discharge them, And if the 
Town would not deliver to the Collectors Elect, the said Tax Books 
for the Year. 1744. they would take some other Method to have the 
Treasury Supplyed in Order to pay off said Draughts. 

Whereupon it was Moved and accordingly Voted That the 

Assessors Deliver the Tax Books to the Town Treasurer, & that 
such of [54.] The Inhabitants as shall pay to said Treasurer their 
Tax for the Year. 1 744. at any time before March Meeting shall 
be Allowed at the time of Payment Five Pounds on the Hundred 
& so in proportion for any greater or less Sum he shall pay in and 
that the Treasurers Receipt for said Tax shall Sufficiently Dis- 
charge the Person paying the same. 

Afterwards Several of the Inhabitants (Apprehending great 
Inconveniences may Arise by this Method) Moved That the said 

Vote may be Reconsidered, which was Voted accordingly And 

that this Meeting be Adjourned for a few Days & that the Town 
then take into Consideration the said Motion, & Act thereon as 
they think proper 

Also Voted That the Several Collectors bring in at the said 
Adjournment a List of the Names of all such Persons as have not 
paid in their Taxes for the Year. 1743. 

Voted That this Meeting be Adjourned to Thursday the Four- 
teenth of February next at Three o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

February 14 th . 1744. Thursday Afternoon at Three o'Clock. The 
Town met according to Adjqttjnpent. 

And immediately procwidea to take into Consideration the 
Motion made at the beginning of this Meeting & refer'd over to 
this time to be Acted upon, Vizt. That such of the Inhabitants as 
shall pay to the Town Treasurer their Tax for the Year. 1744. at 
any time before March Meeting shall be Allowed at the time of 
Payment Five Pounds on the Hundred & so in proportion for any 
greater or less Sum that shall be paid in &c. And after a long 
Debate thereon 

The Town Apprehending That Difficulties would Attend Com- 



62 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

mitting at this time the Tax Books to the Collectors for the present 
Year but yet that it is of Necessity a Considerable Sum of Money 
Sho'd be immediately raised for defraying the Expenccs of the 
Town. 

It was Moved & accordingly Voted That any Person or Persons 
Taxed the present Year who will Lend the Town Treasurer at any 
time before the Twentieth of March next any Sum or Sums of 
Money to Answer the present Exigencies shall be Allowed Five 
p Cent on the Sum so Lent, The Principal & Premium to be Dis- 
counted by the Collectors out of their said Tax when Committed to 
them. 

Then the Meeting was Dismissed. 



[55.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly Qualifyed and lawfully Warned in Pub- 
lick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
twenty fifth day of March Anno Domini 1745. 

Prayer being made by the Rev d . M r . John Webb. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to the Choice of a Moderator (by a 
written Vote) and upon Collecting the Votes it appeared that The 
Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq r . was unanimously chosen, then 

Ezekiel Goldthwait (by a written Vote) was unanimously chose 
Town Clerk for the year ensuing, and sworne to the faithful dis- 
charge of his Duty in that Office by Daniel Henchman Eeq r . 

Sundry Laws. Read. 

Sundry Petitions. Read Viz'. 

Of Isaac Peirce, for an additional allowance for ringing the Old 
North Bell. 

Of Benjamin Church's, praying Wheelers Pond may be recon- 
vey'd to him. 

Of John Fenno, that he may be appointed Master of the Gran- 
ary. 

Of John Roulston, praying he may have the priviledge of dig- 
ing Graves with other Sextons. 

Of M r . Abia Holbrook, Master of the South Writing School, 
praying his former petition for an Addition to his Salary may be 
now Considered, and Acted upon 

Of M r . Samuel White, Usher of the North Grammar School, 
praying for an Addition to his Salary. 

[56.] Thomas Hubbard Esq r . a Motion made by him that 
some Method may be taken to prevent Negroes keeping Hogs. 

A Motion made by M r . Joseph Marion, that as the Old Brick 
Church Bell which for many years past has been rung at five and 
eleven a Clock in the forenoon, and nine in the Evening is now 
broke, the Town would now direct that the old South Church Bell 
shall be rung at those hours. 

A Motion made by M r . Hopestill Foster, that another place for 
the Burial of the Dead may be provided at the South part of the 
Town. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1745. 63 

A Motion made by M r . Jonathan Willis, that some Method may 
be taken to prevent the firing of Chimneys. 

A Motion made by M r . Robert Rand ; That the Town would de- 
termine whether the Fines arising on any persons refusing to Serve 
in the Office to which he is chosen, shall be paid in bills of the 
old tenor, or the same sum in lawful money. 

A Motion made by the Selectmen, that the Town would Con- 
sider of some Method to Improve the Marsh at the bottom of the 
Common in such manner as will be most for the Advantage of the 
Town. 

The Selectmen Informed the Town that the Lease made to 
Stephen Minot Esq r . of certain Lands on the Neck is now Expired 
and as the Selectmen cannot (by a Vote of the Town) Lease out 
any Lands for any longer space than Seven years, they apprehend 
it will be a great disadvantage to the Town if they are Confin'd 
to Lease out these Lands for no longer term praying the Towns 
Consideration thereof. 

Thomas Htitchinson Esq r . one of the Selectmen Inform'd the 
Town that he was much Obliged to them for the Honour [57.] 
Done him in choosing him a Selectman for several years past, that 
he found his own private affairs would not permit him to Serve the 
Town in that Office any longer, and therefore desired that when 
the Town proceeded to the Choice of Selectmen for the ensuing 
year, his name may not be put into the List. then 

Voted to proceed to the Choice of Seven Selectmen The Votes 
being accordingly brought in and sorted, it appeared that Six 
Selectmen only were chose. Viz'. 

Samuel Adams Esq r . 
Jonas Clarke Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Hancock 



M r . Middlecott Cooke 



Selectmen. 



Cap*. John Steel 
M r . William Salter 

Whereupon the Inhabitants were directed to bring in their Votes 
for another Selectman, and they being accordingly brought in, & 
Sorted it appeared that. 

Cap'. Henry Atkins, was chose. 

The Motion made by M r . Robert Rand relating to the Fines 
to be paid by those persons who refuse to Serve in the 
respective Offices, to which they are chosen, now came under 
Consideration, and after some debate, Voted, that any person or 
persons chosen to any office in the Town for the year ensuing, 
who in case of refusal is obliged to pay any Fine or penalty ; be 
Excused from Serving in such Office, provided he or they pay 
their respective fines in bills of the old tenor, as the several 
persons did, who were the last year chose, and refused to Serve 

Voted, that a number of persons be chose specially to Collect 
the Taxes, separate from the Constables. 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjouru'd to three a Clock in the 
Afternoon. 

[58.] The Town being mett according to Adjournment. 



64 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



Constables. 



Voted, to choose twelve Constables distinct from Collectors of 
Taxes, accordingly. 

Mess. James Perkins paid last year. 

William Molineaux paid in 1741. 
Daniel Willard Pay. 

William Bowen Sworne. 
Thomas Flucker Pay. 
Moses Deshon Sworne. 

Simeon Skilling Sworne. 
Gamaliel Wallis paid in 1736. 
William Wait Wallis Excus'd. 
Dean Osgood Pay. 

Tuttle Hubbard Pay. 
Benjamin Bagnal jun r Pay. 
were Chosen Constables. 

Voted, that the Town proceed to the Choice of County Treasurer, 
and Collectors of Taxes to morrow at Eleven a clock. 

The following Gentlemen were chose Overseers of the Poor for 
the year ensuing Viz*. 
The Hon ble . Jacob Wendell Esq r . 
William Tyler Esq r . 
Col. John Hill 
Thomas Hubbard Esq r . 
Daniel Henchman Esq r . 

M r . Edward Bromfield I Twelve Overseers of the 

Col. William Downe I Poor. 

Andrew Oliver Esq r . 
Cap 4 . John Phillips 
M r . Isaac Walker 
George Rogers Esq r . 
M r . Ebenezer Storer 
were chosen Overseers of the poor. &c. 

[59.] Mess. Andrew Hall Jun r . Excus'd. 1 
Farr Tolman. Pay. 

James Gough. Pay. 

Thomas Kimball. Sworne 

Prince Sturgis. Pay 

William Vintenon. Sworne 

were chose Constables for the year ensuing. 

Mess. Richard Buckley 
Joshua Blanchard 
Jacob Parker 

Daniel Pecker V Assessors. 
William Fairfield 
Nathaniel Barber 
Joseph Fitch 
were chose Assessors for the year ensuing. 

The Petition of John Roulstone Sexton of the old South Church 
praying that he may have the Right & Priviledge granted him of 
diging Graves in the South Burying places as Mess. Moulin 
Band & Williston Sextons of the other Churches have ; now came 



Constables. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1745. 65 

under Consideration and after some debate thereon, Voted That 
Liberty be & hereby is granted unto the said John Roulston to dig 
Graves in said Burying Places accordingly. 

The Petition of Benjamin Church praying that the Pond comonly 
called Wheelers Pond at the South End may be Conveyed to him 
by the Town, was read, and thereupon Voted That the Selectmen 
be & hereby are desired to take the Subject matter of said Petition 
& the Circumstances of the same into Consideration, and report 
what they think proper for the Town to do thereon, at the next 
General Town Meeting. 

The Petition of Isaac Peirce Sexton of the old north Church 
praying an Additional Allowance may be made him for ringing 
[GO.] The Bell there, was read, and thereupon Voted that the 
prayer of the said Petition be rcfer'd to the Selectmen, they to Act 
thereupon as they shall think proper. 

The Motion of M r . Joseph Marion made at the Opening of the 
Meeting, that the Old South Church Bell may be rung at the hours 
of 5. 11 & 9 a Clock instead of the old Church bell which is now 
broke, came under Consideration, and after some debate thereon 
Voted that the said Bell be accordingly rung at those hours until 
the Bell of the old Church be mended and that the Selectmen 
give directions accordingly. 

The Petition of M r . Abia Holbrook Master of the South Writ- 
ing School (referr'd over to this time) Setting forth that his Salary 
which is now but Two hundred pounds a year old tenor, is not 
sufficient for his Support and maintenance, and as it is his main 
dependence he prays the Town would Consider the same and grant 
him such a Competency for his Subsistence as may Encourage him 
further to Serve the Town in the Station he now Sustains ; was 
now Read and after a short debate thereon Voted that the Sum of 
One Hundred Pounds old Tenor bills p Annum be added to M r . 
Holbrooks Salary, the same to Commence on the Twenty second 
instant, and that the Selectmen be desired to give drafts on the 
Treasury for the same from time to time accordingly, to be paid 
him quarterly. 

The Petition of John Procter jun r . Usher of the North Writing 
School praying for an Addition to his Salary was read and after 
some debate Voted that the sum of Thirty pounds p Annum old 
tenor bills be added to his Salary the same to Commence on the 
Twenty second day of February last, and that the Selectmen be and 
hereby are desired to give drafts on the Treasury for the same from 
time to time accordingly, to be paid him quarterly. 

[61.] The Petition of M r . Samuel Holyoke Master of the 
Writing School in Queen Street (refer'd over to this time) praying 
for an addition to his Salary was now read, & after some debate 
thereon, Voted that the same be further refer'd to the next Gen- 
eral Town Meeting. 

The Petition of M r . Samuel White Usher of the North Grammar 
School (referr'd over to this time) praying for an addition to his 
Salary was now read, and after some debate thereon, Voted the 
same be further referr'd to the next General Town Meeting. 

Upon a Motion made & Seconded by Several of the Inhabitants 



66 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



It was Voted that the Selectmen be and hereby are desired to 
Visit the several Schools in the Town, and particularly Enquire 
into their State & Circumstances, and the proficiency of the 
Scholars that attend at said Schools, and report thereon as soon 
as may be. 

Upon the Motion made by the Selectmen at the Opening of the 
Meeting relating to leasing out the Lands & Marsh on the Neck 
&c a . 

Voted that the Selectmen be and hereby are desired & Impow- 
ered to Lease out the Towns Lands and Marsh on the Neck to such 
Person or Persons, at such Rents, and for such time as they shall 
think most for the Interest and Advantage of the Town not ex- 
ceeding twenty one years, and that they also Lease out the Marsh 
Land at the bottom of the Common for a term not exceeding Forty 
years, the Town Vote or Order made & pass'd the 13 th : of March 
A.D. 1732. to the contrary thereof notwithstanding. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourn'd till tomorrow morning 9. 
a Clock. 

Tuesday Morning, 9. a Clock, the Town Mett according to Ad- 
journment. 

The Petition of John Fenno praying he may be chosen or ap- 
pointed Master or keeper of the Granary, read at the Opening of 
the Meeting was now read again, and thereupon the Selectmen 
Inform'd the Town that M r . Willoughby the present Master of the 
Granary who had the Misfortune the last Summer to break one of 
his Legs, [62.] Was in hopes he should be able to attend the 
Service again in May next, Whereupon It was Voted that the 
Choice of a Master of the Granary be referr'd to May Meeting. 

Upon a Motion Made & Seconded, It was Voted That no 

person that has been chosen a Constable within Ten years past 
shall be now chosen again. 

Mess. William Clough Pay 

Simon Eliot Sworne 
Eneas Mackey Excus'd 
Elias Thomas Sworne 



Constables. 



Nathan Simpson Sworne. 

Peter Roberts Sworne 
were chosen Constables for the year ensuing. 
Mess. Nathaniel Barber Sworne 

Thomas Salter Sworn. 

Nathaniel Gardner Sworn 

William Merchant Sworne 

John Darrell 

Thomas Stoddard Sworn 

Joseph Bradford Sworn 

Samuel Parkman Sworn 

John Greenough Sworn 

Samuel Holland Sworn 

William Palfrey 

Alexander Sears Sworn, 
were chose Clerks of the Market for the year ensuing. 



} Clerks of the Market. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1745. 



fi7 



Scavingera. 



Mess". Josiah Carter "^ 

Samuel Hastings 
James Dawson 

William Currier } Sealers of Leather. 
John Allen 
Nathaniel Hodgdon 
Robert Williams 
were chosen Sealers of Leather for the year Ensuing. 

[63.] Mess. James Tilestone ") 

John Lewis Vin tenon | 
Francis Warden ! , T . 

William Bearsto pence Viewers. 

William Moore 
Joshua Thornton J 

were chose Fence Viewers for the year ensuing. 
Mess. Jonathan Payson 

Daniel Ray 

John Harris 

Knight Leverett 

Jabez Hunt 

Nicholas Salisbury 

John Hunt jun r . 

John Cravath 

Joseph Roby 

Ellis Wilson 

John Tayler 

Henry Newell 
were chose Scavingers for the year ensuing. 

M r . Isaac Gridley. Surveyor of Hemp. 

Mess. Nathaniel Gardner ) 

Richard Hubbard j 
M r . Samuel Cowell. Hayward. 
The Selectmen. Surveyors of Highways. 
Mess. John Scottow "] 

Joseph Webb 

George Skinner \ Ho g^ves. 

Robert Wlliams J Baker 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing. 
Nothing done thereon. 

[64.] Mess. Harvey Thomas 
John Hobbs 
Thomas Serjeant 
Benjamin Ballard 
Isaac Fowles 
Sendal Williams 
Benjamin Sault 
James Alexander 
Joseph Dyer 
Joseph Ingraham 
were chose Cullers of Staves for the year ensuing. 



Informers of Deer &c*. . 



Cullers of Staves 



68 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



Mess ri . Jeremiah Gushing 

John Adams N. End 
Thomas Craft 
Edward Moberly 
Joseph White 



ards ^wers of Boards, 
William Brown jun'. Shm les &c ' 

James Barnard 
Isaac Vergoose 
William Parkman 
Ebenezer Gushing 
Thomas Warden 
were chose Viewers of Boards Shingles &e". for the year ensuing. 

Mess. Jeremiah Belknap") , Com tee. f or Purchasing 

Samuel Bridgham [ w e ^J? .' 1 

John Salter ) 

The said Committee are desired and Impowered to give all need- 
ful directions to the Keeper of the Granary, respecting the Quan- 
titys of Grain sold, and Setting the Price thereof from time to time 
as occasion shall require. 

[65.] The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Clerk 
of Faneuil Hall Market, and upon Collecting 'em, it appeared that 
M r . John Staniford was Unanimously Chosen. -- 

Upon a Motion made & Seconded, It was unanimously Voted 
that the Thanks of the Town be given to Thomas Hutchinson 
Esq r . for the great and faithful Services by him done for the Town 
in Transacting and managing the Affairs thereof as one of the 
Selectmen for Several years past. 

The Selectmen Informed the Town that the Two hundred & Fif- 
teen Fire Arms given to the Town by the hon ble . Col. Thomas Fitch 
dec d . were lately Impressed by the Government for the Service of 
the present Expedition against Cape Breton ; and then laid before 
the Town a Letter they had received from the Committee of War 
relating to said Fire Arms, & their Answer to the same, as also a 
Memorial they had preferr'd to his Excellency the Captain General 
praying said Fire Arms may not be Impressed &c a . - desir- 
ing the direction of the Town as to their further proceedings in 
this Matter, Whereupon after some Debate It was Voted that the 
Selectmen be & hereby are desired forthwith to Apply to the 
Government or the Committee of War to obtain of them the full 
Value of said Fire Arms and upon receiving the same they are also 
desired to purchase a like Number of good Fire Arms & Bayonets 
in the best & cheapest manner they can. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to bring in their Votes for a County 
Treasurer which being Collected were according to Law sealed up 
by Constable Thomas to be by him kept & returned to the next 
Quarter Sessions to be held for the County of Suffolk. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Town 
Treasurer and upon Collecting of 'em it appeared that the Hon ble . 
Joseph Wadsworth Esq r . was chosen by a great Majority, and he 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1745. 69 

was accordingly Sworne to a faithful discharge of his Duty in that 
Office. 

[66.] Upon a Motion made, It was Voted that twelve Collectors 
be chose to Collect all such Rates and Taxes as shall be Committed 
to them the ensuing year, but this Vote being at the desire of the 
Inhabitants immediately Reconsidered, It was thereupon Voted 
that Six persons only be chose for Collecting all such Rates and 
Taxes as shall be Committed to them the ensuing year. Also 
Voted that nine pence on the pound be and hereby is Allowed to be 
paid to such Collectors as shall be chosen, for the sums they shall 
Collect the year ensuing they paying unto the Town Treasurer one 
half part of the whole Sum they shall be respectively Obliged to 
pay him within three Months from the time they shall receive the 
Tax books from the Assessors, and the other half part in three 
months after ; And also paying to the province Treasurer one half 
part of the whole Sum they shall be respectively Obliged to pay 
him in six Months from the time they shall receive the said Books 
from the Assessors, and the other half part in Six Months after, 
and in case either of the said Collectors shall fail paying the 
Province and Town Treasurers in the above manner, the Collector 
so failing shall not be Entitled to the aforesaid Allowance of nine 
pence on the pound for Collecting but wholly forfeit the same, 
provided also that the s d . Collectors give bond with sufficient 
ISuretys to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faithful Dis- 
charge of their Duty in said Office. 

Then the Town proceeded to the Choice of Six Collectors accord- 
ingly, and upon Collecting and sorting the Votes it appeared 
that 

Mess. Joseph White Esq r . sworne. Harrison Gray. Excus'd. 
Elias Dupee. sworn. Joseph Birch. Excus'd. 

Benjamin Edwards sworn. Joseph Prince. Excus'd. 
were chosen. Adjourned to 3 o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

[67.] Tuesday, 3 a Clock in the Afternoon, the Town met 
according to Adjournment. 

M r . Edward Bromfield gave the Town to Understand that he 
was Informed that Several persons who are lyable by Law to serve 
as Constables had given money to the late Constables if they would 
not put their names into the List when the Choice came on. 
Whereupon it was Voted that said Constables should be sent for 
and they being heard thereupon, it appeared that the Information 
given to M r . Bromfield was groundless. 

Upon a Motion made & Seconded by Several that the Vote 
pass'd yesterday for ringing the old South bell at 5. 9. & 11 a 
Clock may be Reconsidered, it was Voted accordingly & then it 
was moved and Voted that the Bell at Faneuil Hall Market be 
rung at those hours (instead of the old South Church Bell) until 
the Bell of the old Brick Church be repaired. 
Mess. Jacob Emmons ) Sworne. 
William Story } Sworne. 
were chose Constables for the year ensuing. 

Voted that the Consideration of raising Money be referr'd to 
the General Town Meeting in May next. 



70 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Voted that all the Business and Matters of this Meeting re- 
maining unfinished be referr'd over to the next General Town 
Meeting, to be then Considered of, and Acted upon. 

Then the Meeting was dismiss'd. 

[68.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualifyed & warned in public Town 
Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the Eighth day of 
April Anno Dom. 1745. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read, and then, The In- 
habitants proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Moderator and 
upon Collecting 'em it appeared that the IIon ble : Thomas Gushing 
Esq r . was unanimously chosen. 

Upon a Motion made, the Warrant for calling this Meeting and the 
Constables Return thereon was read again, and thereby it appeared 
that William Wait Wallis (who at the last Meeting was Chose a 
Constable but upon Application by him then made was Excus'd) 
sign'd as one of the Constables certifying that he had warn'd the 
Inhabitants living in Ward N. 3. but Several of the Inhabitants 
objecting to the legality of the warning, and the said Wallis being 
heard thereupon said, that notwithstanding he was Excus'd by the 
Town he apprehending he might serve as a Constable if he in- 
clined went before a Justice of the peace who swore him into said 
Office, & therefore it was that he warned N. 3. but upon searching 
the Records of the last Town Meeting, it appeared that after he 
was Excus'd, another person was chosen in his room, Whereupon 
it was determin'd that the said Wallis had not legal power to 
warn the Inhabitants of said Ward of this Meeting, and so the 
Meeting was dismissed for insufficient Warning. 

[69.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualifyed and legally warned in 
Publick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Friday the 
twelfth day of April Anno Dom. 1745. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting, Read. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Moder- 
ator and upon Collecting' em it appeared that the Hon ble : Tho". 
Cushing Esq r . was unanimousl} 1 chosen. 

The Petition of Mess. John Goldthwait, John Staniford and 
Jacob Sheafe Collectors of Taxes &c a . praying the Assessors may 
be directed to deliver them the Tax books for the year 1744. &c a . 
was read, thereupon the Selectmen informed the Town that the 
Assessors were under some difficulty relating to their power in de- 
livering the Tax Books to said Collectors, praying the Town 
would take the same into Consideration, and give directions 
therein to the Assessors accordingly. 

Voted that the Town proceed to the Choice of three Collectors of 
Taxes in the room of Mess. Joseph Prince Harrison Gray & 
Joseph Birch who were chose the last Meeting, but refuse to serve, 
accordingly Mess": John Goldthwait John Staniford & Jacob 
Sheafe were chose Collectors of all the Taxes that shall be com- 
m'.tted to them to Collect the ensuing year, they to have the same 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1745. 71 

Allowance for Collecting the Taxes as was made to the Collectors 
by the Town Vote of the 26 th . of March last and upon the same 
Conditions and Limitations as to their paying in to the Province & 
Town Treasurers the Sums they are to gather in, and no otherwise, 
and to give bond &c*. to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen. 

Upon a Motion made & Seconded by divers of the Inhabitants. 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are desired to Repre- 
sent to the Hon ble . General Court that the Assessors of this Town 
for the year 1744. were Interrupted in delivering the Assessments 
of [7O.] That year to the Collectors then chosen, and apply that 
the said Assessors may be impowered (notwithstanding the year 
be expired) to commit the said Assessment to the Collectors 
chosen for the present year^ and in case any Objection should be 
made to it, that it be Recomended to the Representatives of the 
Town to Explain & Enforce the Petition with the proper reasons. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to Monda}' the 22 d . inst. 
at four aClock in the afternoon in order to receive an answer from 
the Collectors now chosen whether they will Serve or not. 

Monday the 22 d . of April, four aClock in the afternoon, the 
Town mett according to Adjournment. 

Mess". John Goldthwait & Jacob Sheafe who were chose Col- 
lectors of Taxes at the last Meeting refusing to serve, the Inhabi- 
tants proceeded to bring in their Votes for two Collectors in their 
room, and upon Sorting 'em it appeared that Mess rs . Andrew Cun- 
ningham & William Larrabee were chose Collectors of all such 
Taxes as shall be Committed to them to Collect within the ensuing 
year, they to have the same Allowance for Collecting the Taxes 
as was made to the Collectors by the Town Vote of the 26 th . of 
March last, & upon the same Conditions and Limitations as to 
their paying in to the Province and Town Treasurers the Sums they 
are to gather in, and no otherwise, They to give Bond &c a . to the 
Satisfaction of the Selectmen. 

Voted that this Meeting be adjourned to Wednesday the 24 th . 
inst. at four aClock in the afternoon, in order to receive an Answer 
from the Collectors now chose whether they will Serve or not. 

Wednesday, the 24 th . of April, four aClock in the afternoon the 
Town mett according to Adjournment. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq r . the Moderator of this Meet- 
ing being So indisposed as that he cannot attend the Business of 
the Meeting [71.] Voted that the Hon ble . Joseph Wadsworth 
Esq r . be Moderator in his room and then the Selectmen Inform'd 
the Town that Joseph White Esq r . Mess. Elias Dupee, Benj*. 
Edwards, John Staniford, Andrew Cunningham & William 
Larrabee, who have been chose Collectors of all such Taxes as 
shall be Committed to them to Collect in the ensuing year, have 
Accepted of that Office upon the Conditions mentioned in the Town 
Vote of the 26 th . of March last, and had Each of 'em given bonds 
for the faithful discharge of their duty in said Office accordingly. 

Upon a Motion made & Seconded that the three Collectors of 
Taxes Viz'. Joseph Prince Harrison Gray & Joseph Birch who 
were chose into that office at the Town meeting in March last and 



72 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

refus'd Serving may be Excus'd from paying the fine arising upon 
their refusal. 

Voted that said Joseph Prince, Harrison Gray & Joseph Birch 
be Excused from paying said fiue accordingly. 

Then the Meeting was dismissed. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualifyed and lawfully Warned in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Friday the third day 
of May A.D. 1745. 

Prayer was made by the Rev 4 . M r . Samuel Checkley. 

The Precept & Warrant for calling the Meeting . . . Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

Samuel Adams Esq r . One of the Selectmen in their name pro- 
pos'd to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the choice of 
[72.] One of more persons to Serve for and represent them in a 
Great & General Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon 
Wednesday the Twenty ninth day of May instant, and in order 
thereto to Consider & Ascertain the Number to be Elected, ac- 
cordingly Voted to proceed to the Choice of Four Representatives, 
and it was declared that the Poll would be Closed at twelve 
aClock. 

The Votes being Collected the Number of Voters were found to 
be Three hundred and forty two & upon sorting 'em it appeared 
that the following Gentlemen were chosen. . Vizt. 

Votes. 

The Hou ble . Samuel Welles Esq r 175. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Cushing Esq r 326. 

Thomas Hutclnnson EsqJ 186. 

Andrew Oliver Esq r . . 218. 

The Election of Representatives being ended, and the same 
being declared by the Selectmen. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to choose a Moderator, & the Votes 
being Collected it appeared that the Hon. Edw d . Hutchinson Esq r . 
was chosen. 

A Petition of Francis Willoughby keeper of the Granary Setting 
forth that in May last, when in the Service of the Town at said 
Granary he had the Misfortune to break his Leg by a Fall, 
whereby he has Endured much pain, and been put to great Ex- 
pence for Doctors Medicines &c a . praying the Towns Considera- 
tion thereof and that some Allowance may be made him in his 
melancholy Circumstances &c a . Read. 

A Petition of John Staniford, John Goldthwait & Jacob Sheafe 
Collectors of Taxes for the year 1743, praying that the Assessors 
may be Allowed & Impowered to Abate the Taxes of all such 
persons as Enlisted in the late Expedition to Cape Breton that 
did not pay before, for reasons given in said Petition Read. 

[73.] M r . Jeremiah Allen moved that Instructions may be 
given to the Representatives chose this day that they Use their 
utmost Endeavours that the Resolve of the General Court prolong- 
ing the time for drawing the Government Lottery and disposing 
the Tickets be repealed, and the Money paid to the Managers for 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1745. 73 

the Tickets sold ma}" be returned to the possessors or purchasers 
of said Tickets. 

M r . Jonathan Williams moved that an order may be passed for 
ringing the old South Church Bell at the hours of 5. 11. & 9 
aClock. 

M r . Middlecott Cooke moved that the Town would make some 
Consideration to the old Brick Church for their Bell which was 
lately broke as he apprehends in the Service of the Town. 

M r . Samuel Parkman moved that the Town would appoint some 
suitable place for all lost Goods to be carryed when found. 

Capt. John Steele moved that the Town would give Orders that 
the Sconce at the South Battery be Repaired. 

Joseph White Esq r . one of the Collectors of Taxes moved that 
the Town would determine how long time the Assessors should sit 
upon Abatements. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to 3 o'Clock this after- 
noon. 

Afternoon, The Town being assembled according to Adjournment. 

Isaiah Barret. Sworne. 
was chose a Constable for the year ensuing. 
John Holyoke. Sworne. 
was chose one of the Clerks of the Market for the year ensuing. 

The Selectmeus Report on the Visitation of the public Schools, 
Read, And Voted that this Report be Accepted, and that the 
Gentlemen the Selectmen be desired to Visit the public Schools 
tho Ensuing 3*ear and that they desire such Gentlemen to Accom- 
pany them therein, as they shall think proper, and report thereon. 

[74.] The Selectmen having mentioned in said Report that 
they Apprehend the Number of Scholars in the North Grammar 
School so small as that there is no Occasion for an Usher, It was 
thereupon Moved that the Petition of M r . Samuel White Usher of 
said School prefcrr'd last March Meeting & Continued to this time 
may be now Read, and the same being accordingly done It was 
Voted That the said Usher M r . White be Continued in said School 
until his next Quarter is compleat and be paid as heretofore, & 
then be discharged, and that there be Allowed him the Sum of 
Thirty pounds old tenor over and above his Salary, as a Gratuity 
for his Services in said School, and that the Selectmen give him a 
Draft for the same on the Treasury accordingly. 

The Petition of M r . Samuel Holyoke Master of the Writing 
School in Queen Street preferr'd at the Town Meeting in May last 
& Continued to this time, praying for an Addition to his Salary 
was now taken into Consideration and after Some Debate thereon 
A Question was put, Whether any Addition should be made to 
M r . Holyoke's Salary, And it pass'd in the Negative. 

The Petition of John Staniford, John Goldthwait & Jacob 
Sheaf e Collectors of Taxes for the year 1743. read at the opening 
of the Meeting, now came under Consideration, and after some 
Debate thereon It was Moved & Seconded by Several of the In- 
habitants that a Committee may be appointed to take from said 
Collectors a List of such persons as they Apprehend were not able 
to pay their Taxes that year, and present the same to the Town at 



74 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

their next Meeting for Consideration, And a Question being put, 
Whether such a Committee should be appointed. Voted in the 
Negative. and that said Petition be dismissed. 

[75.] The Petition of Francis Willoughby read at the Opening 
of the Sleeting praying some Allowance or Grant may be made 
him for the Misfortune he mett with in breaking his Leg in the 
Service of the Town, was now taken into Consideration, and after 
some debate thereon, A Question was put, whether the prayer of 
his Petition should be granted, And it pass'd in the Negative, and 
that said Petition be dismiss'd. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to the Choice of a keeper of the 
Granary in the room of M r . Francis Willougbby who has resigned, 
and upon Collecting the Votes it appeared that M r . John Feuno 
was chosen, he to give bond with good Suretys to the Satisfaction 
of the Selectmen for his good behaviour in that Office. 

M r . Jeremiah Allen mentioned to the Town that he would post 
up the Treasurers new books, and that he does not desire any 
premium or Allowance for the same, the Town accepted of his 
kind offer, and Voted that he be desired to hike said Books and 
post 'em up accordingly. 

The Motion of M r . Jeremiah Allen made in the forenoon that 
Instructions be given to the Representatives this day chose that 
they use their utmost Endeavours to have the Resolve of the 
General Court prolonging the time for drawing the Governments 
Lottery and disposing of the Tickets repealed, and that the Money 
paid to the Managers of said Lottery for the Tickets sold be 
return'd to the Possessors or Purchasers of such Tickets, was now 
taken into Consideration, and after some debate thereon 

Voted that a Committee be chose to draw up Instructions for the 
Representatives relating to said Lottery accordingly, also Voted 

that James Allen Esq r . 

Ezekiel Lewis Esq r . & 
M r . Jeremiah Allen 

be the said Committee [76.] Who are desired to lay the draft of 
their Instructions before the Town for their Consideration at the 
intended Adjournment of this Meeting. 

The Motion of Joseph White I^sq r . that the Town would deter- 
mine how long time the Assessors should sit upon Abatements was 
Considered of, and Voted that the Assessors be and hereby are 
allowed to sit upon Abatements until the last day of September 
next and no longer. 

The Motion of Cap*. John Steele one of the Selectmen, for 
repairing the Sconce at the South Battery was Considered of, and 
thereupon Voted that the Selectmen be and hereby are desired to 
repair the same in the best manner they can. 

The Motion of M r . Samuel Parkman that the Town would 
appoint some suitable place for all lost Goods to be carryod when 
found was considered of, but nothing done thereon. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to Friday the 17 th Instant, 
at four a Clock in the forenoon. 

Friday, the 17 th of May 1745. four a clock in the afternoon, the 
Town mett according to Adjournment. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1745. 75 

Voted, That the Sum of Seventy five pounds bills of the old tenor 
bills be and hereby is allowed to be paid out of the Town Treasury 
unto M r . John Staniford in full for his Service as Clerk of Faneuil 
Hall Market the year past. 

Voted that the Sum of Two Hundred & Fifty pounds old tenor 
bills be and hereby is allowed to be paid out of the Town Treasury 
unto the Hon ble Joseph Wadsworth Esq r . in full for his Services as 
Town Treasurer the year past. 

M r . Treasurer Wadsworth presented an Estimate of what may 
be proper for the Town to Raise for Defreying the Charges of the 
Ensuing year. 

[77.] Voted a Grant of Fifteen Thousand Pounds old tenor 
bills to be Raised by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within the 
Town of Boston for Relief of the Poor, and defreying other neces- 
sary Charges arising within and for said Town the year ensuing. 

The Committee appointed to Ex^unine the Treasurers Acco u . 
now made their Report which was Read & Accepted, and by ordei 
put on file. 

James Allen Esq r . Ezekiel Lewis Esq r . & M r . Jeremiah Allen 
a Committee appointed the third instant, to draw up Instructions 
for the Hepresentatives relating to the Lottery now presented a 
draft of Instructions they had prepared, which being read, A 
Motion was thereupon made, & Seconded by Several of the In- 
habitants, and a Question put, whether the Town would Accept of 
said Draft of Instructions, and it was Voted in the Negative. 

M r . Jonathan Williams's Motion made the 3 d . instant and 
Referr'd to this time for ringing the Bell of the old South Church 
at the hours of 5, 11, & 9 a Clock was taken into Consideration, 
and after some debate thereon, Voted that the said Bell be rung 
at the hours of five and nine a Clock, until the Town shall order 
otherwise. 

The List of Jurors for the Inferiour & Superiour Courts being 
prepared by the Selectmen according to a late Act of this Prov- 
ince, Voted that it referr'd to the Selectmen to put into the 
respective Jury boxes of said Courts, the Names of such persons 
as they shall Judge qualifyed to Serve as Jurors at said Courts. 

The Selectmen reported on the Accompt of M r . Francis Wil- 
loughby late keeper of the Granary, that he had in his hands as 
the Towns Stock there Two hundred & twenty four Bushels of 
Indian Corn, & eighteen Bushels of Uye amounting to One hun- 
dred & nine pounds Sixteen Shillings, & in Cash Five hundred & 
twenty four pounds nineteen Shillings & three pence, being in the 
whole Six hundred & thirty four pounds fifteen Shillings and 
three pence old tenor , which they have delivered to M r . John 
Fenno, the present keeper of the Granary, who is now accountable 
to the Town for the same, 

[78.] Voted that Joshua Winslow Esq r . M r . Thomas Oxnard, 
John Wheelwright Esq r . M r . Ebenezer Holmes and M r . Joseph 
Marion be a Committee to Audit the Town Treasurers Acco*'. for 
the year ensuing and make Report as usual. And that they also 
Audit the Acco 1 '. of the Overseers of the Poor respecting the 
Almshouse, and the Workhouse, and to attend doing the same at 



76 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

the usual place of said Overseers Meeting, and said Accounts 
being Audited the said Committee are desired to make report 
thereon as usual. 

Then the Meeting was dismiss'd. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualifyed and legally warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the tenth day of 
[September A.D. 1745. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting, Read. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to the Choice of a Moderator 
and upon Collecting the Votes it appeared that the Hon ble . Thomas 
Cushing Esq r . was unanimously chosen. 

The Inhabitants then proceeded to Consider of the Affair men- 
tioned in the Warrant for calling this Meeting, which was to take 
some Method to prevent D r . Sylvester Gardners making a Hospi- 
tal of a house he lately purchased of Andrew Oliver Esq r . situate 

in Purchase Street in said Boston. but they being Informed 

that said D r . Gardner had reconveyed said house to M r . Oliver 
again since the issuing of said Warrant and that he did not design 
to make a Hospital there as has been Suggested, the Inhabitants 
proceeded no farther herein. 

[79.] Whereupon a Motion was made that the Town would 
now Consider of some Method to prevent any person or persons 
building or .Improving any house for the future for an Hospital or 
Hospitals in this Town for the reception of persons sick of infec- 
tious and Epidemical diseases, and after some Debate thereon, It 
was Voted That the Representatives of this Town be and hereby 
are desired at the next Session of the Great and General Court 
to Use their best Endeavours that a Law or Act may be pass'd to 
prevent or prohibit any House or Buildings being Erected or Used 
as an Hospital for the reception of persons sick of infectious and 
contagious distempers within any Town or Towns in this province 
without Licence first had and obtained therefor from the Selectmen 
of the Towns where such Buildings are propos'd to be Erected and 
Used. 

Then the Meeting was dismiss'd. 

At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly Qualified and lawfully Warned in Public 
Town Meeting Assembled, at Faneuil Hall on Monday the tenth 
day of March, Anno Domini 1745. 

Prayer being made by the Rev d . M r . Mather Bj r les. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting, Read. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to the Choice of a Moderator (by a 
written Vote) and upon collecting the Votes it Appeared that the 
Hon ble Thomas Cushing Esq T . was chosen by a great majority and 
an officer was ordered to wait upon at his house to Inform him 
thereof, who returned and brought word from M r . Cushing that he 
was much indispos'd and could not Attend the Business of this 
meeting, and thereupon the Inhabitants were directed to bring in 
their Votes for A Moderator in his Room and they being collected 



BOSTON TOWN RKCOEDS, 1745. 77 

it Appeared that the Hon ble James Allen Esq r . was Chosen by a 
Considerable Majority. 

[8O.] Ezekiel Gold th wait was unanimously chosen Town 
Clerk for the year ensuing, & Sworne to the faithfull Discharge of 
his Duty in that Office by the Hon ble Jacob Wendell Esq r . 

Sundry laws Read. 

Sundry Petitions. Read. 
Viz 4 . 

John Osborne Esq r . & others relating to the Pavement at the 

Lower End of Milk Street, M r . John Staniford that the 

Assessors for 1745. may be impowered to make him an Abatement 

of former Taxes Committed to him to Collect. James Allen 

Esq r . for Liberty to remove his Gap at the Outwharves the wedth 
thereof northward. M r . Samuel Gibson under master of the 
South Grammar School for an Addition to his Sallary. Mr Abia 
Holbrook, Master of the South writing School in the Common for 
an Usher in his School, and that he may be Reimburs'd what he 
has already paid for Assistance in his School. 

Sundry motions made, 
Viz'. 

John Fayerweather Esq r . that the Town would consider of 
Repairing the South Battery, and otherwise better Fortify the 
Town than now it is. 

M r . Jeremiah Allen, that a Committee may be chosen to Audit 
the Accounts of the Committee appointed to build Fortifications 
&c a . within this Town and make Report &c a . 

M r . Jacob Parker that Fox hill in the Common may be Appro- 
priated and disposed of in such a manner as will be most for the 
Interest of the Town. 

Joseph White Esq r . on behalf of himself and the other Collec- 
tors of Taxes for some further allowance to be made them for 
Collecting of Taxes. 

M r . Robert Rand, that the Town would determine whether 
the Fines arising on any persons refusing to Serve in the Office 
to which he is Chosen shall be paid in Bills of the old tenor, or the 
same Sum in bills of the last tenor. 

Jacob Wendell Esq r on behalf of the overseers of the Poor 
that the Town would purchase Bridewell house &c a . for a mad 
house. 

[81.] Samuel Adams Esq r . that the Town would consider 
whether it be not necessary to Erect another Powder house, and 
Act thereon accordingly. 

M r . Jeremiah Allen, that a Committee may be Appointed to lay 
before the Hon bl * House of Representatives (who are the Guardians 
of the Rights and Liberties of the people) the Grievances this 
Town Labour under by reason of the arbitrary and illegal pro- 
ceedings of the Governour and Council in repeatedly granting 
press warrants, as also the male behaviour of some of their 
Officers. 

Capt. John Steol, that some Method may be taken, to prevent 
Negroes keeping Hogs. 



78 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Jacob "Wendell Esq r . that the Town would purchase 500 Ton of 
Timber for their use as there sho'd be Occasion. 

M r . Isaac White, That the Selectmen be desired to wait on his 
Excellency the Captain General, desiring of him that three Vessells 
may be purchased, in order to be sunk in such places in the 
Channel as shall be thought best in Case the Town sho'd be 
attacked by an Enemy. 

Capt. John Steel one of the Selectmen Informed the Town that 
their Shops on the North Side of Faneuil Hall market were very 
much out of Repair and gone to Decay praying the directions 
of the Town concerning 'em. 

Capt. John Steel informed the Town that the Selectmen had 
reced the Sum of Six hundred & Sixty six pounds thirteen shil- 
lings & six pence being a Grant made by the General Court for 
purchasing of Cannon and other Warlike Stores for the use of the 
north Battery and pray'd the Direction of the Town relating to the 
same. 

Voted to proceed to the Choice of Seven Selectmen. 

And the Votes being accordingly brought in & Sorted it appeared 
that the following Gentlemen were Chosen. Viz'. 
Samuel Adams Esq r . 
Jonas Clarke Esq r . 
M r . Tho'. Hancock 



Capt John Steel 



Selectmen. 



Capt William Salter 
Capt Henry Atkins, & 
Abiel Walley Esq r . j 
[83.] Voted that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to 3 o'Clock 
P.M. 

Three oClock in the Afternoon the Town met according to Ad- 
journment. 

The following Gentlemen were chosen Overseers of the Poor for 

the Year ensuing, Viz'. 

The Hon ble . Jacob Wendell Esq r . 
William Tyler Esq r . 
Col. John Hill 
Tho'. Hubbard Esq r . 
Daniel Henchman Esq r . 
M r . Edward Bromfield 
Col. William Downe 
Andrew Oliver Esq r . 
Capt John Phillips 
Mr. Isaac Walker 
George Rogers Esq r . 
M r . Eben r Storer 

The Motion made by M r . Robert Rand relating to the Fines to 
be paid by those persons who refuse to Serve in the respective 
Offices, to which they are Chosen now came under Consideration, 
and after some Debate. 

Voted that any person or persons chosen to any Office in the 
Town for the Year Ensuing, who in Case of refusal is obliged to 
pay any Fine or penalty, be Excused from serving in such Office 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1745. 



79 



provided he or they pay their respective Fines in Bills of the old 
tenor as the several persons did who were the last year chose & 
refused to serve. 

Voted that twelve Constables be Chose distinct from Collectors 
of Taxes, accordingly. 

Mess. Samuel Welles jun r . 

Peter Chardon 

Thomas Hawding 

Capt Nath 1 . Allen 

John Hammock . 

James Atkinson . 



[83.] 



Pay 

paid in 1735. 

paid in 1735 

paid in 1743 

paid in 1736. 

Pay 

Robert Jenkins Appeals to Sessions 

Ezekiel Lewis jun r . . paid in 1743, 

John Jones 

Thomas Raymond 

Andrew Hall jun r . 

Jonathan Simpson 



Constables. 



paid in 1735. 
Excused 
Pay 

paid in 1743. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Town Treas- 
urer and upon Sorting 'em it appeared that The Hon ble Joseph 
Wadsworth Esq r . was chosen by a great Majority & Sworn into 
that Office by the Hon ble . Samuel Welles Esq r . 

The Freeholders then proceeded to bring in their Votes for a 
Register of Deeds and Conveyances for the Count}- of Suffolk, and 
they being Collected were according to Law, Sealed up by m r . 
Constable Story to be by him kept & Returned to the next Quarter 
Sessions, to be held for this County. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to bring in their Votes for a County 
Treasurer which being Collected were according to Law Sealed up 
by Constable Story, to be by him kept and returned to the next 
Quarter Sessions, to be held for this County. 

Mess". Story Daws Sworne 

Joseph Dyer Pay 

William Winter Sworne 

Eneas Maccoy pay 

John Indicott Jun r pay } Constables. 

Thomas March pay 

Joseph Clark jun r pay 

Oxenbridge Thacher jun r . . . pay 
Daniel Williams paid in 1743. 
were Chose Constables for the year ensuing. 

M r . Jeremiah Allen's motion made at the opening of the Meeting 
Viz 1 . That a Committee may be appointed to lay before the Hon ble . 
House of Representatives who are the Guardians of the Rights 
and Liberties of the people the Grievances this Town Labour under 
by reason of the Arbitrary and illegal proceedings of the Govern- 
our and Council in repeatedly Granting press Warrants as also 
the male behaviour of some of their Officers, was now taken [84.] 

Into Consideration, and after a Short debate thereon Voted 

that a Committee be chosen to draw up a Petition to the Hon ble . 
House of Representatives relating to the said Grievances men- 
tioned in said motion, And that Mess. Jeremiah Allen, 



80 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



Thomas Green, John Jonet, John Gooch, and Samuel Adams 
Esq r . be the said Committee who are desired to make Report 
hereon as soon as may be. 

Voted that the Consideration of the present Fortify cations, and 
otherwise better Fortifying the Town than now it is come on to- 
morrow in the forenoon at Eleven o'Clock. 

Adjourned to, Tomorrow morning nine aClock, A.M. 
The Town met according to Adjournment. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby is given to the 
Clerks of the Market that served in that office the last year for 
their good Services done the Town. 
Mess. Nathaniel Barber .... Excus'd. 

Thomas S alter Excus'd. 

Nathaniel Gardner . . . Excus'd. 
William Merchant .... Excus'd. 
Thomas Stoddard .... Excus'd. 
Joseph Bradford .... Excus'd. 
Samuel Parkman .... Excus'd. 
John Greenough .... Excus'd. 
Samuel Holland .... Excus'd. 
Alexander Sears .... Excus'd. 
Ephraim Copeland .... Sworne. 

John Kneeland Pay. 

were chose Clerks of the Market for the year ensuing. 
Mess. Josiah Carter . "^ 



[85.] 



Sworne. 

Excus'd. 

Sworne. 

Sworne. 

Sworne 

Sworne 



Sworne 
Sworne 
Sworne 
Sworne 
Sworne 



Sam 1 . Hastings . 
Robert Williams . 
Nathaniel Hodgdon 
James Dawson 
John Allen . . 
W m . Currier . . 
Mess. James Tileston 
Francis Warden 
Nathaniel Vial 
William More 
William Bearsto 
James Barnard 
were chose Fence Viewers for the year ensuing. 
Mess. John Taylor 
Joseph Savel 
John Nowell 
Jonathan Payson 
Joseph Jackson 
John Harris 
David Cutler 
William Hall 
Benj a . Fitch 
Cap*. Nathaniel Vial 
Moses Tyler 
John Ruddock 
were chose Scavingers for the year ensuing. 



} Sealers of Leather. 



Fence Viewers. 



Scavingers. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1745. 



81 



Informers of Deer. 



Cullers of Staves. 



M r . Isaac Gridley, Surveyor of Hemp. 
Mess. Nathaniel Gardner ) 
Richard Hubbard j 
M r . Nathaniel Band, Hayward. 
The Select Men, Surve} 7 ors of Highways. 
Mess. George Skinner "I 

John Lee, Blacksmith 
Robert Williams, Baker 
Joseph Grouard 

Nothing done thereon, Tythingmen. 

[86.] Mess". Harvey Thomas 
Benjamin Ballard 
John Hobbs 
Joseph Ingraham 
Sendal Williams 
Isaac Fowle 
Peter Cotta 
Benjamin Sault 
James Alexander 
Thomas Serjant 

were Chose Cullers of Staves for the year Ensuing. 
Mess. Edward Moberly . . Sworn 
Edward Richards . . Sworn 
William Paine Sworn 

William Parkman Sworn 
Joseph White Sworn 

Isaac Vergoose Sworn 

James Barnard Sworn 

Thomas Warden Sworn 

Moses Eayres Sworn 

Andrew Sy names Sworn 

were Chosen Viewers of Boards Shingles &c a . for the year ensu- 
ing. 

Mess. John Ball .... Sworne ") 
Benjamin Renkin Pay 



Viewers of Boards 
Shingles. 



Sworn ^Constables. 

Sworne 

Pay 



John Coles 
John Sweetser 
Thomas Mower 

were chosen Constables for the year ensuing. 
Mess. Jeremiah Belknap 1 

John Salter > Committee for Purchasing Grain. 

Thomas Tyler ) 

were chosen Committee for purchasing Grain for the year ensu- 
ing. 

The said Committee are desired and Impowered to give all 
[87.] Needful directions to the keeper of the Grainnary re- 
specting the Quantitys of Grain to be Sold, and setting the price 
thereof from time to time as occasion shall require. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Clerk of 
Faneuil Hall Market, and upon Collecting 'em it Appeared that 
M r . Abijah Adams was chosen into that Office. 



82 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Voted that Seven Assessors be chose for the j'ear ensuing and 
upon Collecting the Votes it appeared that. 
Mess. Richard Buckley Sworn 
Joshua Blanchard 
Jacob Parker Sworn 



Daniel Pecker Sworn 



Assessors. 



William Fail-field Sworn 
Nathaniel Barber Sworn 
Joseph' Fitch Sworne j 

were chosen Assessors for the year ensuing. 

The Petition of M r . Abia Holbrook master of the South writing 
School in the Common, read at the opening of the Meeting, 
setting forth that his School in the Common 220 Scholars which is 
near 50 more than were there last march meeting and finding it 
impossible to tend and Instruct such a number of Scholars himself 
was obliged to appoint his Brother to tend one part of the Scholars 
and to pay for his Board Seven months past otherwise a great 
number of Scholars must inevitably have been turned off without 
any Learning. He therefore prays that the Town would be 
pleased to take the premisses in Consideration and Grant him 
such assistance as may be requisite to enable him to Discharge 
his Duty to the Children with that Care and Fidelity which may 
justly be expected from him, and also that he may be reimbursed 
the Charge which he has paid for his Brothers Board as above 
mentioned now came under Consideration, and it was thereupon, 
Voted that the said Abia Holbrook be Reimburs'd the sums 
he has paid for his Brothers Board as above and the Selectmen 
is desired to give him a Draft on the Treasury for the same 
Also Voted that there be and hereby is allowed an usher for 
said School until the [88.] Town shall otherwise order, and 
that his Sallary be one hundred & Fifty pounds old tenor Bills 
p Annum to Commence from the time he shall enter into that 
Service and paid Quarterly. 

The Motion of M r . Jeremiah Allen " That a Committee may be 
chose to Audit the Accounts of the Committee appointed to Build 
Fortify cations &C a . within this Town, was now taken into Consid- 
eration and after some Debate thereon, Voted that 

M r . Thomas Green 

James Allen Esq r . & 

John Fayerweather Esq r . 

be a Committee to Audit the said Accounts accordingly, and the} r 
are desired to make Report hereon as soon as may be. 

The Selectmens Report on M r . John Fenno's Account of the 
Grainary for the year past as entred in his Book (and on file in 
the Town Clerks 'Office) Read & Voted that the said Report be 
accepted, and accordingly that M r . John Fenno be further account- 
able to the Town for Two hundred and Sixty two Busliells & a half 
if Indian Corn, Eighteen Bushells & | ths of Rye, and the Sum of 
Four hunded and Seventy four pounds eight shillings and ten pence 
in Bills of Credit of the old tenor the whole of which amounts to 
Six hundred and Thirty pounds, fifteen shillings and three pence 
old tenor, which remains in his hands Exclusive of his Salary to 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1745. 83 

the third instant being Eighty three pounds Six Shillings and 
Eight pence old tenor, which is hereby also allowed. 

The Town proceeded to take into Consideration the motion made 
at the opening of the meeting by John Fayerweather Esq r . that the 
Town would effectually repair the South Battery, and otherwise 
Better Fortify the Town than now it is, and after some Debate 
thereon, Voted that a Committee be chose to View the several 
Batterys and Fortifications in the Town and report the State and 
Circumstances they are in and also what they Judge necessary for 
the Town further to do, to put themselves in a better Posture of 
Defence, and also that the said Committee consider of the motion 
made by Samuel Adams Esq r . whether it be not necessary that 
another powder house be Erected in Town, of the motion made by 
the Hon ble . Col Wendell that Five hundred Ton of Timber may be 
purchased for the use of the Town, and the motion made by [89.] 
M r . Isaac White that three or more Vessells be purchased in order 
to be Sunk in such places in the Channel as shall be thought best 
in Case the Town shou'd be Attacked by an Enemy, and report 

what they think proper to be done on said motions. 

Also Voted that. 

John Fayerweather Esq r . 

Al r . Isaac White 

Col. John Hill 

The Hon ble . Col. Wendell & 

The Hon ble . Samuel Welles Esq r . 

be the Committeee for the purposes aforsaid, and they are desired 
to make report hereon at the Adjournment of this meeting. 

M r . Hancock one of the Selectmen Informed the Town that he 
had received of the province Treasurer the Sum of Six hundred and 
Sixty Six pounds thirteen shillings and four pence bills of the last 
Tenor, being the Grant made by the General Court the thirtieth 
day of May A D 1744. for purchasing of Cannon & other Warlike 
Stores for the use of the north Battery and that he had also 
received of the Committee of War Twenty one hundred & Fifty 
pounds old tenor bills being for the Two hundred and fifteen Fire 
Arms press'd by the Government for the Service of the late Ex- 
pedition against Cape Breton against Cape Breton so desiring the 
direction of the Town where he sho'd lodge the same being un- 
willing to Run the Risque thereof in his house Whereupon he was 
desired to keep it till further orders of the Town. 
Mess". Benjamin Church .... Sworne ") 
Joseph Belle nap .... Pa}' 

John Bowden Sworn J- Constables. 

Joshua Pickman juu r . . . . Sworn 

George Eustice Sworne 

were chosen Constables for the year ensuing. 

Tuesday three a Clock in the afternoon the Town met according 
to Adjourrment. 

Voted that the Town proceed to the Choice of Ten Firewards 
the Votes being Collected & Sorted it appeared that the following 
persons were Chose. Viz'. 



84 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



[9O.] Mess". Isaac White 
Robert Breck 
John Carries 
John Scolley 



Joseph Jackson Hatter 



Firewards. 



Col. W m . Downe 
Capt. Henry Berry 
Col. Benj a . Pollard Excusd 
Col. John Hill 
Capt. William Salter 
were chose Firewards for the year ensuing. 

The Committee Appointed yesterday to prepare a Draft of a 
Petition to the Hon ble . House of Representatives relating to the 
Grievances this Town Labour under by reason of the proceedings 
of the Governour and Council in repeatedly Granting press War- 
rants &C a . now made Report of a Draft they had prepar'd in the 
words following Viz'. 

The Committee, appointed to draw up a Petition to the Hon- 
ourable House of Representatives relating to the Grievances by 
Impress Warrants &C a . have attended that Service and Report 
the following Draft, Viz*. 

To the Honourable the House of Representatives. 
Shew. 

The 'Inhabitants of the Town of Boston in Town meeting legally 
Assembled. 

That your Petitioners, labouring under great & insupportable 
Grievances by means of the late Repeated Warrants to impress 
Seamen for his majesty's Ships, us also the male behaviour of the 
Officers are Constrain'd to lay the same before your Honours, who 
are instructed to your Constituents with the Sacred Depositum of 
their invaluable Rights and priviledges, of which by the Constitu- 
tion you are the natural Guardians, and with all Dutiful Respect 
your Petitioners would Say, They have chearfully complied with 
all the Injunctions of Government, altho their Taxes which are 
daily increasing have been [91.] A Burthen under which they are 
almost ready to Succomb, But this notwithstanding, as also the 
present melancholy Stagnation of Trade and Commerce which is 
like to be continued during the War, yet your Petitioners have 
lately been distress'd by no less than three several Warrants for 
Impressing Seamen which (altho we apprehend 'em to be illegal) 
have been executed in an oppressive manner, before unknown to 
Englishmen, and attended with Tragical Consequences. By which 
means the numbers of Seamen Impress'd for his Majestys Ships 
and those who have fled to the neighbouring Governments for Pro- 
tection from Impresses, added to those who went in the Sea 
Service to Cape Breton amount to more than Three Thousand ; 
whereupon the neighbouring Governments have not only had a 
sufficient number of Seamen to navigate their Trade with but also 
so large a Surpluss of men as to enable them to man within the 
province of New York & Colony of Rhode Island near Thirty sail 
of Privateers, exclusive of those fitted out from the other Govern- 
ments, when the once Cherish'd now Depress'd, once Flourishing 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1745-6. 85 

now sinking Town of Boston, have been so far from being able to 
man any privateers, that she has wanted men to man the merchant 
Vessells, some of whom have had their Cargo's much Damnified, 
by having them long Ship'd before they could get men to navigate 
their Vessells, and all these Grievances are greatly aggrivated, 
when it is considered that Boston is the metropolis of that province 
who has been the principal in the Reduction of Cape Breton, which 
added to her former Millitary Atchievements for Loyalty justly sets 
her at the head of his majestys provinces, and that those other 
Governments (New Hampshire and Connecticut Excepted) have 
bore no part of the Burthen of the War, nor had any hand in the 
Expedition, but have been reaping unknown advantages by our 
misfortunes in having seamen to Carry their Vessells to the best 
markets, while ours with their Cargos perishing on Board lay by 
the Walls, for want of navigators, But the Injury is still heightened 
by the Behaviour of the Officers, who with their Lawless Rabble, 
like ruffains entered the Houses of some of the Inhabitants in the 
night to their great Terror, and acted Tragical Scenes, which was 
closed in the inhumane murder of two brave men, who had beeo 
employed in the hotest Service during the Expedition and with 
their Fellows had Quitted themselves like men, This Tragical 
Scene seemed to have so little Effect upon the Sheriff of the County 
of Suffolk (who by his Office is the Grand Conservator of the 
peace) that when a Warrant was issued by the Hon ble . Samuel 
Dan forth Esq r . & Thomas Hubbard Esq r . against the offenders 
which was by one or both of those Gentlemen delivered to him he 
delivered the same into the hands of Nathaniel Hasey then a 
Depty Sheriff, and the second named Criminal in said [92.] 
Warrant to be executed by him, instead of Executing it upon him, 
as by his Oath and Office he was Bound to do. 

All these matters your Petitioners Apprehend proceed from the 
Warrants to Impress Seamen, which they conceive are Breaches 
of Magna Charta, The Charter of the province, and an act of Par- 
liament Subjecting any Captain of a man of War to the Penalty 
of Twenty pounds Sterling Fine for every Seaman such Captain 
shall impress in the plantations, and they also Conjecture that 
under pretext of Executing those Warrants the faith of the Gov- 
ernment plighted to those brave men, who engaged in the Expedi- 
tion has been notoriously Violated. 

Wherefore your Petitioners humbly Pray your Honours as ten- 
der Fathers, would take our most pitiable and most deplorable 
Circumstances into your wise Consideration, and Assert our In- 
vaded Rights and priviledges by Remonstrating to the Governour 
and Council against such Warrants, as also against the unjusti- 
fiable Conduct of their officers. 

The foregoing Draft is Submitted by, 

JER. ALLEN 
JOHN JONES 

Boston March 11. 1745/6. SAMUEL ADAMS 

Which being Twice read over, after some Debate thereon. 

It was Voted that the said Draft be Accepted and a fair copy 
of the same be prepared & signed by the Town Clerk, and that the 



86 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Selectmen present the same to the Hon ble . House of Represent* 
now sitting as the Petition of the Town. 

Mess. John Ting .... Excus'd. 

Hezekiah Usher . . Sworne. J- Constables. 
William Whitwell . . Excus'd 
were Chose Constables for the year ensuing. 

The Town proceeded to take into Consideration the Petition of 
M r . Samuel Gibson read at the opening of the Meeting praying 
for an Addition to his Sallary, and alter some Debate thereon, 



Voted that the Sum of Fifty pounds old tenor p annum be 
Added to M r . Gibsons Sallary to Commence from his last 
Quarter. 

Mess". Daniel Tuckerman, Sworne, Samuel Sellon Sworne, were 
chosen Constables for the year ensuing. 

[93.] Voted that Mess". William Torrey ") 

David Collson & y Committee. 
Robert Rand ) 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to View the Wooden 
Shops belonging to the Town on the north Side of Fanenil Hall 
Market consider what necessary Repairs are Wanting and Report 
what they think proper for the Town to do thereon at the Adjourn- 
ment of this meeting. 

Voted that this meeting be Adjourned to Monday the 24 th . 
Instant 9 aClock in the Forenoon. 

March 24. 1745. monday 9 aClock in the Forenoon, The Town 
mett according to Adjournment. 

The Inhabitants entred upon the Consideration of some method 
for the better Regulation of Funerals and thereupon, Voted that 
the Selectmen be and hereby are desired to Consider what may be 
necessary to be further done in this Affair, and report hereon at 
the next meeting. 

Col. Pollard who was chose a Fireward at the beginning of this 
meeting sent his Letter of Excuse which was Accepted and there- 
upon Voted that the Town proceed to Chuse another in his Room 
& the Votes were accordingly brought in & it Appeared that 
Capt. Joseph Russell was chosen. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to Consider of some method to pre- 
vent the great Fraud that is frequently committed in the Sale of 
Hoops in Town, And Voted that a Committee hereof accordingly 
Voted that, 

Mess. Bryant Parrott ") 

Joshua Cheever Esq r . > Committee. 
M r . Thomas Lee ) 

be the said Committee who are desired to Report hereon at the 
next meeting. 

A Motion was made by M r . Middlecott Cooke & seconded that 
the Town would reconsider the motion of M r . Jeremiah Allen at 
the opening of this meeting the 10 th . Instant and the Petition Con- 
sequent thereupon relating to preferring a Petition to the Hon ble 
House of Representatives concerning the Grievances this Town 
Labour under by reason of [94.] The frequent Press Warrants 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1745-6. 87 

Granted by the Governour and Council to Man His Majesty's 

Ships &C a . and a large Debate was had thereon which 

continued till after one aClock, when it was moved and seconded 
by several that this meeting be adjourned to three aClock in the 
Afternoon, then to reassurae the Consideration of M r . Cooks 
motion which was Voted accordingly. Then Voted this Meet- 
ing be Adjourned to 3 aClock P.M. 

Monday 3 aClock in the Afternoon the Town mett according to 
Adjournment. 

Mess. Thomas Greenough .... Pay 
Deacon John Eliot refuses to 
Serve his fine is Remit 4 

Thomas Baxter Sworue 

John Gardner Shopkeeper . . Pay 

Daniel Marsh Sworne 

John Flower Sworne 

Jon a . Gushing Pay 

Powers Mariot Pay 

Nathaniel Thayer Sworne 

Phillip Audebert Sworne 

Thomas Hill Pay 

James Day Sworne 

were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year Ensuing. 

M r . Thomas Hartly a Sealer of Leather was chose a Sealer of 
Leather for the year ensuing. 

The Town reassum'd the Consideration of the motion made by 
M r . Cooke in the Forenoon and after a long Debate the following 
Question was put Viz*. Whether the Town will now proceed to 
Act on the said motion of M r . Cooke for Reconsidering the said 
motion of M r . Jeremiah Allen and the Petition to the Hou ble House 
Consequent thereon, and it was Voted in the Affirmative, and 
thereupon the Inhabitants were directed to bring in written Votes, 
and those that were for reconsidering said Aliens Motion and the 
said Petition to write Yea, and those that were against it to 
write Nay, and the Votes being brought in & Sorted it appeared 
that the number of Voters were 378 whereof 224 were Yeas and 
154 Nays 

Then it was Voted b}' a vast majority " That the said Petition 
[95.] and the motion whereon it was Grounded contains Ex- 
pressions disrespectful and reflecting upon his Excellency the 
Governour, and the Council, and so far as it relates to the disre- 
spectfulness the Town disavow the same. 

Upon a motion made and seconded, It was Voted that the 
Thanks of the Town be given to the Hon ble James Allen Esq r . for 
his dispatch given to the Business of this meeting. 
Then the meeting was dismissed. 

At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly Qualified and lawfully Warned in Public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the Thirty 
first day of March A.D. 1746. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 



88 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to the Choice of a Moderator (by a 
written Vote) and upon Collecting the Votes it appeared that the 
Hon ble . Edward Hutchinson Esq r . was unanimously chosen. 
Voted, That Mess". Robert Rand ") 

William Torrey & > Committee. 
David Colson ) 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to View the Wooden 
Shops belonging to the Town on the north Side of Faneuil Hall 
Market, Consider what necessary Repairs are wanting and Report 
what they think proper for the Town to do thereon as soon as may 
be. 

Voted that the Hon ble Jacob Wendell Esq r . 
Samuel Welles Esq r . 
John Fayerweather Esq r . 
Col. John Hill 
M r . Isaac White & 
Col. W m Downe, 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Wait upon his Ex- 
cellency the Captain General to ask his Liberty to View the present 
Batterys in the Town and see what Stores & Repairs are wanting 
and also to Consider what they Judge necessary for the Town 
further to do to put themselves into a better Posture of Defence 
and Report hereon as soon as may be. 

[96.] Voted That the Hon ble . James Allen Esq r . } 

Samuel Welles Esq r . & > Committee. 
M r . Thomas Greene ) 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Accounts 
of the Committee appointed in June 1742. to Build Fortifications 
in this Town and Report hereon at the next General Town Meeting. 

The Petition of James Allen Esq r . setting forth that he has an 
Interest in the Out.wharves butting northward on the middle Gap 
leading into the Bason and not to be come at by Land which 
renders it incommodious for improvement, praying he may have 
Liberty to Remove the said Gap the Wedth of it Northward at 
his own Cost, was now read and after some Debate thereon, 
Voted that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to take the said Petition into Consideration and Report 
what they think proper for the Town to do thereon. 

The Proposal of Gillam Phillips Esq r for making the Lane called 
pudding. Lane near the Town house more Strait than now it is by 
taking in part of his Land on the Westerly Side of his Lane which 
he is willing to give to the Town. 

If in Consideration thereof the Town would Allow him so much 
of said Lane as shall be Agreed upon on the Easterly side thereof, 

Was now taken into Consideration, and thereupon Voted that 

the Selectmen be and they are hereby fully impowered to Straiten 
said Lane, and settle the same with said Phillips in such manner as 
they shall think best. 

The Petition of M r . John Stauiford one of the Collectors of 
Taxes for this Town, setting forth that many People in his list have 
dyed beyond Sea, and notice thereof has been after the time was 
Elapsed for making Abatements, & many men have died at home 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1746. S9 

so poor that nothing could be obtained Praying that the Assessors 
may be Impowered at the time of their making up the Taxes for 
the year 1745, to make such Abatements as in their Judgment 

they shall see meet. Was now read, and thereupon Voted that 

Samuel Welles Esq r . Joshua Cheever Esq r . M r . Edward Bromfield 
James Allen Esq . and M r . Jonathan Loring be a Committee to 
Consider of said Petition and Eeport what they think proper for 
the Town [97.] To do thereon, as soon as may be. 

Voted that the Town take into Consideration the State & Cir- 
cumstances of the Several Fortifications within the Town and also 
whether they will farther Fortify the same at four a Clock this 
Afternoon. 

The Motion of the Overseers of the Poor that some proper house 
may be provided for distracted persons was taken into Considera- 
tion, and thereupon Voted that the said officers be and hereby are 
appointed a Comm" 6 to enquire into the Circumstances of Bride- 
well house adjoyning to the Work house, and the Convenicncy 
thereof for the Reception of Distracted persons and report hereon 
as soon as may be. 

Voted that the motion of the Collectors of Taxes for a further 
Premium or Allowance as also the Choice of a Committee to Visit 
the Schools and a Committee to Audit the Accounts of the Treas- 
urer and Officers be referr'd over to the General Town Meeting 
in may next. 

Voted that nine pence on the Pound be and hereby is Allowed 
to be paid to such persons as shall be chosen to Colleet the Taxes 
within the ensuing year on all such Sums as they shall Collect they 
paying unto the Town Treasurer one half part of the whole Sum 
they shall be obliged to pay him within Three months from the 
Time they shall receive the Tax Books from the Assessors, and the 
other half part in three months after and also paying to the Prov- 
ince and County Treasurers one half part of the whole Sums they 
shall be obliged respectively to pay them in Six months from the 
time they shall receive the said Books from the Assessors, and the 
other half part in Six months after and in Case either of the said 
Collectors shall fail paying the said Treasurers in the above manner, 
the Collector so failing shall not be entitled to the aforesaid Allow- 
ance of nine pence on the Pound for Collecting but wholly forfeit 

the same. Provided also that the said Collectors give Bond with 

sufficient Suretys to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faith- 
ful Discharge of their Duty in said Office. 

Then the Town proceeded to the Choice of Six Collectors 
accordingly and upon Collecting & Sorting the Votes it Appeared 
that. 

Mess. Capt John Goldthwait Elias Dupee 

Joseph White Esq r . William Larrabee & 

Capt. Benj a Edwards Capt. Andrew Cunningham, 
was chosen Collectors for the year ensuing. 

[98.] Then the Town Adjourn'd to 3 a Clock P.M. 

Monday, 3 a Clock in the Afternoon, The Town mett according 
to Adjournment. 

The Motion of several Inhabitants for disposing of Fox hill in 



90 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

the Common for the Interest of the Town was taken into Con- 
sideration, and thereupon, Voted, That the Selectmen be a Com- 
mittee to View the same and Report what they think will be most 
for the Advantage of the Town to do with said I- 1 ill, 

Voted that the Assessors be and hereby are allowed to sit upon 
the Abatements of Taxes until the last day of September next and 
no longer. 

The Committee appointed to View the Wooden Shops on the 
North Side of Faneuil Hall market, now Reported, That they had 
Viewed the same and found the Foundation of several of the 
middle Shops next the Dock Rotten and given way, the Shops 
setled down about Nine Inches, and some of the Floors want 
Repairing and the Shingling to be mended, and that repairing the 
same would not Cost one hundred pounds old tenor both for work 
and Stuff, Whereupon it was Voted that the Selectmen be and 
hereby are desired to Repair the said Shops in the best and cheap- 
est manner they can. 

The Petition of John Osborne Esq r . and several other Inhabi- 
tants of this Town setting forth that the Pavement at the lower 
end of Milk Street from Horn alley to Col. Hatch's Gate is very 
much broken and out of Repair and great Number of Loaclen 
Carts &C a . do daily pass it praying the Selectmen may be im- 
powered to cause said Pavement to be taken up & laid anew and 
that a sum of money may be granted for that purpose, and that 
some effectual method may be taken to Carry off the Water which 
in great Rains or Sudden Showers renders the way unpassable 
Occasioned by the Defect of the Common Sewer &c a . Read. 
and thereupon Voted that the Selectmen be and hereby are desired 
to View that part of said Street propos'd to be new paved Con- 
sider the Circumstances of the same & what the Town had best 
do there upon, as also of some method for Carrying off the Water 
that often renders said Way unpassable, & make a Computation 
of the whole Charge, thereof and Report hereon at the General 
Town meeting in may next 

[99.] The Committee appointed in the forenoon to Wait upon 
his Excellency the Captain General to ask his Liberty to View the 
present Batteries in the Town and See what Stores & repairs are 
wanting, and also to Consider what they Judge necessary for the 
Town further to do to put themselves into a better Posture of De- 
fence, now made their, Report which was read, and after some 
Debate thereon the following Question was put Viz e . Whether the 
Town will now proceed to raise money for Putting themselves in a 
better Posture of Defence, and it was Voted in the Affirmative, 
and then the Report was read again, and the first Paragraph Viz 1 . 
That the Eight Field Carriages in the Gunhouse on the Common 
should be increased to Twenty fit for Guns which will Carry four 
and Six pound Shot to be Transported from place to place as they 
shall be occasion, was accepted, and then the Second Paragraph 
was read, and the Town not approving of the whole thereof It was 
moved & Voted that the said Report be Returned to the same 
Committee who are desired to make such alterations and amend- 
ments therein as they shall think proper, and the said Committee 
are also desired to make an Estimate of the whole Cost & Expence 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1746. 91 

of Repairing and Fortifying the Town, and Report hereon at the 
intended adjournment of this meeting, then, Voted that this meet- 
ing be Adjournmen Tuesday the 8 th . of April next at 3 a Clock in 
the Afternoon. 

Tuesday, April 8. 1746. Three a Clock in the Afternoon The 
Town mett according to Adjournment. 

The Town proceeded to take into Consideration some more 
effectual method to prevent Negro's keeping Hogs & after a Short 
Debate thereon Voted that a Committee be chosen to consider what 
will be best for the Town to do hereon, accordingly 
Thomas Hubbard Esq r . 
M r . Edward Bromfield & 
James Allen Esq r . 

were chosen a Committee for that purpose, and they are desired 
to make Report hereon at the next General Town meeting. 

Mess 1 "'. Ebenezer Holmes . . Sworn "^ 
William Taylor . . . Sworn 

Harrison Gray . . . Pay f Clerks of the Market. 
William Cooper . . . Sworn j 
John Boylestone . . Sworn J 
were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 

[10O.] The Committee appointed at the opening of this 
meeting the 31 st . of March last to wait upon his Excellency the 
Capt. General to ask his Liberty to View the present Batteries in 
Town and see what Stores and repairs are wanting and also to 
Consider what they Judge necessary for the Town further to do to 
put themselves into a better Posture of Defence Now Reported, 
That they had carefully Viewed and Sounded the Channel from the 
narrows up to the middle Ground a little Eastward of Castle 
.William, and found that at this lower middle Ground, the Channel 
is Two hundred and forty feet wide of the Depth of Twenty four 
feet, that for Nine hundred and Sixty feet more it is from Eighteen 
to fifteen feet Deep the remainder being about Six hundred feet is 
tweivo feet deep ; and they are of opinion that it would be a great 
Security to the Town to sink Hulks across the Channel here on the 
Approach of Ships of War to Attack us that five will be Sufficient, 
two of about one hundred & fifty Tons & three of about one hun- 
dred Tons ; and that they be got ready & fixed, ready to sink on 
the Shortest Warning and with Bridles to weigh them when the 
Danger is over, and that they be mored near the place, and that 
Buoys be fixed where they are to be sunk that the Channel may be 
stopt in a few hours time on the Approach of an Enemy. 

They have also viewed the several parts of the Town more es- 
pecially the South Battery & apprehend a Line of about Twenty 
Guns before the Sconce, extending about North from the upper or 
Western End of Col. Wendells Wharffe two hundred and Sixty 
four feet thirteen feet high and Thirty feet Wide with a proper 
Brest work and Platform would be a Considerable Security, which 
by Consultation with masons and carpenters they find may be made, 
either wholly of Square Timber with Boxes filled with Ballast or 
by a front Wall of about Ten feet thick and Eleven feet high, 
Strong Built, with a good face the Room behind to be filled with 



92 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Timber and Stone or with dirt as may be found Cheapest or most 
Expeditious. 

The Committee find thirteen Guns wanting in the North Battery 
and many necessary Stores diffident both there and at the South 
Battery. 

The}- apprehend a Battery of Eight Guns on the End of the long 
Wharff and another of Four on the End of darks Wharffe would be 
very necessary in a time of Danger, 

That they had carefully considered the Cost of the most mate- 
rial of the above mentioned Particulars, and are of the opinion that 
the [1O1.] Hulks if new with the Charge of Sinking them, Cor- 
dage anchors Labour &C a . will amount to Five Thousand pounds 
new Tenor, that the Wharff at the South Battery if of Stone in the 
Front as proposed will amount to fifteen hundred pounds, if of 
Woed and Ballast Twelve hundred and fifty pounds, both new 
tenor, Gun Carriages 7,, 10/ each. 

They ar a further of opinion that in some proper way, the Town 
endeavour that the province should be at the above mentioned 
Charge or at least lend the money to be paid in future years by the 

Town without Interest And the same being twice read over 

and a considerable Debate had thereon, It was Moved and Voted 
that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given unto the said 
Committee for the great pains they have taken in this affair. And 
then it was, 

Voted that the Hon ble . Jacob Wendell and Samuel Welles Esq. 
John Fayerweather Esq r . Col. John Hill, Col. William Downe 
and M r . Isaac White be a Committee to wait on his Excellency the 
Captain General and Represent to him that in pursuance of the 
Leave he was pleased to Grant to View and Consider what might 
be further needful for the Security of the Town in a time of 
Danger, they have Viewed the Channel near the Castle and 
humbly apprehend that it may be Stopped by Hulks sunk across 
it so as to Render it Impracticable for any Ships of War to 
Approach so near the Town as to annoy it, and the Committee are 
directed humbly to request his Excellency if in his Wisdom he 
thinks well of the proposal to use his Influence that this may be 
Effected at the province Charge or that his Excellency would take 
such other methods as in his paternal Care and Goodness he may 
Judge best for the Towns Security. 

Voted that all matters and Things that remain unfinished be 
Referred over to the next General Town meeting to be then acted 

upon. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

[1O2.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly Qualified and lawfully Warned in 
Public Town meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday 
the fourteenth day of May. A.D. 1746. 

Prayer was made by the Rev* 1 . M r . Mather B3 r les. 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the meeting. Read. 

Sundry Laws, Read. 

Samuel Adams Esq r . One of the Selectmen in their Name pro- 
pos'd to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the Choice of a 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1746. 93 

person or persons to Serve for and Represent in a great and Gen- 
eral Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday the 
Twenty eighth day of May instant and in order thereto to consider 
and Ascertain the Number of Gentlemen to be Elected , accord- 
ingly Voted to proceed to the Choice of Four Representatives, and 
it was declared that the Poll be Closed at twelve a Clock. 

The Votes being Collected the Number of Votes were found to 
be 443, and upon Sorting the Votes it Appeared that the following 
Gentlemen were chosen Viz'. 

No. of Votes. 

Samuel Welles Esq r 403. 

Tho 1 . Hutchinson Esq r 249. 

Andrew Oliver Esq r 413. 

Thomas Hubbard Esq r 267. 

The Election of Representatives being over and the same being 
Declared by the Selectmen. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Moderator & 
upon Sorting the same it appeared that the Hon bl Edward Hutch- 
inson Esq r was chosen by a great Majority. 

Then the Meeting was Adjourned to three aClock in the After- 
noon, 

Wednesday 3 a Clock in the Afternoon, the Town mett, 
The Petition of M r . John Lovell master of the South Grammar 
[1O3.] School praying for an Addition to his Salary for reasons 
mentioned &C a was Read and after some Debate a Question was 
put, Whether the Town will now make any Addition to his Salary, 
and it was Voted in the Affirmative, Then Voted that an addi- 
tion of Fifty pounds old tenor p Annum be added to his Salaiy to 
Commence from his last Quarter, and the Selectmen are desired to 
make Drafts on the Treasury from time to time accordingly. 

The Report of the Selectmen on the Visitation of the Publick 
Schools Read and is as follows Viz'. 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Boston in Town 
Meeting Assembled May 14. 1746. 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Annual Meet- 
ing the third day of May A. D. 1745. desiring the Selectmen to 
Visit the Several Publick Schools in the Town and desire such 
Gentlemen to Accompany them therein as they should think proper 
and to Report thereon, 

We the Subscribers accordingly Attended that Service on Tues- 
day the Twenty fifth day of June last, Accompanied by the 
following Gentlemen Viz'. 

The Hon John Osborne Esq r . 
The Hon John Jeffries Esq r . 
The Hon Jacob Wendell Esq r . 
The Hon Thomas Berry Esq r . 
The Hon Eliak m Hutchinson Esq*. 
Thomas Hubbard Esq r . 
Daniel Henchman Esq r . 
The Gentlemen the Representa- 
tives of the Town of Boston, 
The Rev d . D r . Joseph Sewall 
The Rev D r . Charles Chauncey 
The Rev a . M r . William Welsteed 



94 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

The Rev. M r . William Hooper 
The Rev. M r . Samuel Mather 

and found the South Grammar School wherein were one hundred 
& Twenty four Scholars all in very good order, the South writing 
School in the Common, consisting of one hundred and Sevenff one 
Scholars in like good order, the Writing School in Queen Street hav- 
ing Sixty eight Scholars in good order, the North Grammar School 
of Forty [1O4.] Scholars in good order, and the North writing 
School wherein were Two hundred and Fifty nine Scholars in very 

good order, 

JONAS CLARKE 
THOMAS HANCOCK 
JOHN STEEL \- Selectmen 

WILLIAM SALTEB 
HENRY ATKINS 

Voted that this Report be Accepted, and that the Gentlemen 
the Selectmen be desired to Visit the Publick Schools the Year 
ensuing and that they desire such Gentlemen to Accompany them 
therein as they shall think Convenient, and that they Report 

thereon, 

The Town proceeded to take into Consideration the Article in 
the Warrant of a Desire of a number of the Inhabitants that Faneuil 
Hall market may be shutt up & Appropriated to some other use as 
shall be most for the Interest of the Town and after some Debate 

thereon, It was Voted that the said article be Dismiss'd, 

The Town proceeded to take into Consideration the Article in 
the Warrant, That the head of the Dock may be filled up and a 
street laid out from Union-street to Faneuil Hall Market and after 
some Debate thereon, Voted that the same be Dismissed. 

The Committee appointed the 31 st . of March last to Consider of 
the Petition of M r . John Staniford one of the Collectors of Taxes 
Praying that Sundry Abatements may be made of Taxes com- 
mitted to him to Collect &C a . for reasons mentioned, Now Re- 
ported that they find the following persons Assessed in his List 
these Sums Viz'. 

Joseph Morse 7,, 10. 9 

Francis Grimes 1. .11. 5 

Robert Black 1. 9 

Henry Graham 2. ... 9 

Richard Walker 1 Tax 1. 14. . . 

Edward Eayres 1. 17. 4. 

Charles Mullins 1. 14. 0. 

Benj a . Kenny 1. 19. . . 

Ephr 1 ". Bosworth 1. 10. 

[1O5.] George Baith 2. 9. 6. 

Gideon Ball 1. 10. ... 

Samuel Ellis 4. 10. . . 



31,, 6,, 5. 

John Pain 1. 16. . . 

Gideon Ball 1. 10. . . 

34,, 12,, 5. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1746. 95 

The Committee appointed as aforesaid do further report that 
they are humbly of opinion that the several Rates above written 
be abated by the Town, amounting in the whole to Thirty four 
pounds twelve shillings and five pence old tenor ; The persons 
Taxed having been almost universally at Sea before the Rates 
came out and never Return'd, 

All which is Submitted by, 

SAMUEL WELLES 
EDWARD BROMFIELD 
JOSHUA CHEEVER 
JAMES ALLEN. 

Voted that the said Report be Accepted and that the Selectmen 
give a Draft on the Treasurer to M r . John Staniford for Thirty 
three pounds one shillings and 9 d old tenor being for the Taxes of 
several persons mentioned in said Report. The Tax of M r . 
Rouse not being Abated him being 1.10.8. 

The Committee appointed the 31 st . of March last to Audit the 
Accounts of the Committee that was appointed in June 1742 to 
Build Fortifications &C a . now made Report in the words follow- 
ing, 

Boston May 12 th . 1746. 

The Committee appointed to Audit the Accounts of the Com- 
mittee appointed in June 1742 to Build Fortifications &C a within 
this Town have Attended that Service, and find the accounts right 
cast and well Vouch'd, The Ballauce due to the Town Seventy one 
pounds Six shillings old tenor, Outstanding as also Sundry Bills 

not paid, which is humbly Submitted, 

JAMES ALLEN 
SAMUEL WELLES 
THO". GREENE 
which was Read and Accepted 

The Town proceeded to raise a Committee to lay out the sum 
of Six hundred and Sixty six pounds thirteen shillings and four 
pence granted by the General Court for Compleating the North 
Battery and purchasing Stores &C a . and after some Debate 
thereon Voted that the Sum of Six hundred and [1O6,] Sixty 
six pounds thirteen shillings and four pence now in M r . Hancocks 
hands be put into the Town Treasury, and that the Hon ble John 
Jeffries Esq r . Capt. Alexander Forsyth, Jonas Clarke Esq r . M r . 
Thomas Hancock, M r . Middlecott Cooke and Capt. John Steel 
the Committee appointed in June 1742 for Erecting Fortifications 
in this Town lay out the same according to the said Grant of 
the General Court, they to be accountable for their doings 
heroin, 

Voted that the Hon ble Jacob Wendell & Samuel Welles Esq. 
Col John Hill Col. William Downe John Fayenveatber Esq r . and 
M r . Isaac White be a Committee to get the Twelve Gun Carriages 
made and finished that were Voted the last meeting. 

Voted that the Hon ble . Samuel Welles Esq r . M r . Jeremiah Allen 
M r . Thomas Paine Samuel Adams Esq r . William Tyler Esq r . and 
Thomas Hutchinson Esq r . be and hereby are Appointed a Com- 
mittee to draw up a Memorial or Petition to the Great and Gen- 



96 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

eral Court, that this Town may be Relieved as to their Propor- 
tion of the publick Taxes, and the said Committee are desired 
therein to Represent (in the most full and Particular manner) the 
deplorable Circumstances of the Town and the many Difficulties 
we labour under and lay the same before the Town at the Ad- 
journment of this meeting. 

The Selectmen appointed the 31 st . day of march last as a Com- 
mittee to Consider of the Petition of John Osborne Esq r . and others 
relating to the Pavement at the lower end of milk street &c a . as 

- set forth in said Petition now made Report as follows Viz'. That 
they had View'd that part of milk Street propos'd by said Peti- 
tion to be now Paved and Considered the Circumstances of the 
same and Reported that if the Pavement be taken up from Horn 
Alley to the lower end of Col. Hatch's Land it will Cost little more 
than to mend it as it now lyes provided the Abutters will do their 
part or proportion of the same they further Reported that the 
Common Sewer that Conveys the water from the Streets &c a . above 

|into the Sea be cleans'd & kept open, which was Read & thereupon 
Voted that the Sum of One hundred and Twenty five pounds old 
tenor Bills be Allowed and paid out of the Town Treasury towards 
New paving the said Street from [1O7.] Horn Alley to the lower 
end of Col. Hatch's Land, provided that the Abutters pay the re- 
maining part of the Charge, and that the same when paved shall 
be under the Direction and to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen. 
Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to Frvday the 23 d . inst. 
10 a Clock. A.M. 

Friday the 23 d . of May 1746. The Town met according to Ad- 
journment at ten a Clock in the forenoon. 

Voted that Mess-. Thomas Green 
John Colson & 

Capt. W m . Salterbe and hereby are appointed 
a Committee to Consider of some effectual method to prevent the 
pernicious practice of forestalling the market and Report hercon. 

The Committee appointed the 8 th . of April last to take into Con- 
sideration some more effectual method to prevent negro's keeping 
hogs now made Report of the Draft of a By Law they had prepared 
for that purpose in the words following Viz'. 

At a meeting of the Freeholdors and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and lawfully warned .in Public 
Town meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the four- 
teenth day of may A.D. 1746. and from thence continued by Ad- 
journment until Fryday the 23 of said month. 

Whereas great Damage arises to the Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston by negro's and Indians keeping Hogs, not only by 
Occasioning very great Wast in the several Family s, they respect- 
ively belong to, but as it Exposes them to great Temptations to 
Steal and purloin from their several Masters, provisions and other 
of their Substance and especially as it Occasions great Loss of 
time, and gives them an opportunity of Meeting and conferring 
together, whereby great Injuries have been done to the Inhabitants 
of said town. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1746. 97 

For the Prevention of so great an Evil 

Ordered that no Indian negro or molatto shall be permitted to 
[1O8.] Keep any Hog or Swine whatever within the Town of 
Boston either with or without the privity or Consent of his said 
Master or Mistress, under the Penalty of Twenty Shillings to be 
paid by the Master or Mistress of any Indian, negro or rnolatto 
so offending for the use of the poor of said Town, upon due con- 
viction of any such Offence before any one of His Majesty's Jus- 
tices of the Peace for the County of Suffolk. 

And if any person shall hire or let to hire to any Indian Negro 
or Molatto, any Sty or Penn, or peice of Ground whereon to Erect 
the same, or that shall suffer any Indian Negro or Molatto to keep 
any Swine on any .of their Ground. Ordered that every person so 
Offending on due Conviction thereof as aforesaid shall also forfeit 
and pay the sum of twenty shillings for the use aforesaid. 

Which being read three several times, Voted that the same be 
Accepted, and that the Selectmen be desired to present it to the 
next Court of General Sessions of the peace for their Approbation. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to Fryday the 30^. 
Instant three a Clock in the Afternoon. 

Fryday the 30 th . of May, the Town met according to Adjourn- 
ment. 

Upon a Motion made and Seconded, It was Voted, That the 
Raising of Money and all the other matters and things mentioned 
in the Warrant for calling this Meeting (now remaining unfinished) 
be refered over to the next General Town Meeting to be then Con- 
sidered of and Acted upon. 

Then the Meeting was Dismissed. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and lawfully warned in Public 
Town Meeting Assembled in Fanuel Hall on Tuesday the third 
day of June A.D. 1746. 

Prayer being made by the Rev d . M r . Samuel Checkley. 

[1O9.] Sundry Laws Read. 

A Precept under the hand and seal of the Hon ble . Thomas 
Hutchinson Esq r . Speaker of the Hon ble . House of Representatives 
directed to the Selectmen requiring them to Assemble the Free- 
holders and other Inhabitants, to make choice of and Depute (if 
they see cause) a person to serve for and Represent them in the 
Great and General Court or Assembly, now Convened held and 
kept for His Majestys Service at the Court house in Boston, in the 
Room of the Hon ble . Andrew Oliver Esq r . who is Chosen into His 

Majestys Council. Together with the Warrant for calling the 

Meeting Read. 

The Question was put Viz'. Whether the Town would proceed 
to Choose a person to serve for and Represent them in the Great 
and General Court or Assembly now Convened in the Room of 
M r . Oliver. 

Voted in the Affirmative. 

And the Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for one Repve- 



98 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

sentative accordingly being in Number 293 but upon Sorting em it 
Appeared there was no choice then the Selectmen directed the In- 
habitants to withdraw & bring in their Votes again which they 
accordingly did to the number of 292 upon sorting 'em it appeared 
again that there was no choice, and it being One a Clock, it was 
propos'd that the Meeting be Adjourn'd to 'A a Clock in the After- 
noon then to proceed to the Choice of a Representative, which was 
accordingly Voted in the Affirmative. 

Three a Clock in the afternoon, The Town met according to 
Adjournment. 

And the Selectmen directed the Inhabitants to bring in their 
Votes for a Representative which they accordingly did to the 
Number of 404 and upon Sorting the same it Appeared that 
Samuel Adams Esq r . was Chosen having 238 Votes. 

The Election of a Representative being ended, the Selectmen 
Declared the same, and the Town proceeded to the Choice of a 

[11O.] Moderator and the Hon ble . Edward Hutchinson Esq r . 

was Chosen. 

The Hou ble Samuel Welles Esq r . from the Committee appointed 
the 14 th . of may last to draw up a Memorial or Petition to the Great 
& General Court or Assembly, that this Town may be relieved as 
to their proportion of the Publick Taxes now Reported and Pre- 
sented a draft they had prepared in the words following Viz'. 
Province of the ") 

Massachusetts Bay } To his Excellency "William Shirley Esq r . 
Captain General and Governour in Chief 
the Honourable the Council and House of 
Representatives in General Court Assembled 
May 28 th . 1746. 

The Petition of the Town of Boston in the Province afore- 
said. 

Humbly Sheweth, 

That your Petitioners Apprehend what they 

are obliged to pay of the province Tax is very much beyond their 
proportion ; by this they would by no means suggest any the least 
injustice or partiality in this high and Honourable Court, but hum- 
bly conceive it arises from the want of a proper Representation and 
knowledge of the particular Circumstances of this Town which the 
said Town of Boston now beg leave humbly to lay before your 
Excellency and Honours. 

It is very obvious that it cannot be the Share or the quantity of 
the Land of the Province, which the Town of Boston contains that 
Subjects them to this large proportion for their Land is but a Pit- 
tance scarce one third so much as the least Town in the Province, 
but it must be some adventitious and peculiar Advantage they have 
from their Navigation, Commerce Manufactures Numbers or Wealth 
[111,] Of the People Inhabiting here ; and if it shall appear that 
in all these things there is a great alteration to the Disadvantage of 
the Town we doubt not but agreeable to your Excellencys and 
Honours known Justice and goodness you will alter their proportion 
of the publick Charges. 

As to our Navigation, the French War brought the Kings Ships 



BOSTON TOWN EECOEDS, 1746. 99 

here to man, which raised the Sailors wages to such an Extravagant 
height and has totally banisht so many from us, that very often our 
Ships have been kept so long in port that their Cargo have been 
almost or quite Ruined. 

Our Trade & Commerce has consequently gone to other Maritime 
places in this province where it is very well known foreign Com- 
merce and Navigation are greatly increased they being at more 
Liberty to sail and Return as their Interest requires then we are 
and for that very reason able to get hands and carry on their 
Affairs much Cheaper and to far greater profit, and this has again 
enabled them to take from us the Supplys for this Fishery here, 
and also to take to themselves the Benefit of carrying the fish to 

foreign Ports. The same may be said as to Shipbuilding 

the ancient and almost the only Manufacture the Town of Boston 
ever had, diverse places in the province (more especially the Town 
of Newbury) are under Advantages beyond Boston and have taken 
from the Town a large proportion of this Business. 

And for some years past there has been a new method of Sup- 
plying the Town of Boston with Flesh of every kind, this hereto- 
fore was principally by Butchers who dwelt in this Town & killed 
almost all the meat this people had both large and small but es- 
pecially all large meat almost without a Single Exception this 
naturally Supplied & employed Tanners Curriers and a large 
number of Shoemakers and a great many others dependents 
and Appendages to these Occupations, whereas our Butchers who 
used to be Thirty in number are now Reduced to four or five and 
but one of them that has Business of any Consequence and he so 
discouraged as to be about removing into the Country ; Sundry 
of our tanyards are thrown up and others dwindled to almost 
nothing, Our Curriers are gone out of Town or live Idly for want 
of Business ; Our Shoemakers are without Leather & Employ 
Boston being Supplied by Shoemakers living out of Town where 
Leather is to be had. 

And all those Butchers, Tanners, Shoemakers with their [113.] 
Attendants, now living in the Towns round about Boston, formerly 
dw-elt in Town and supplied the Country as well as Town almost 
universally with Leather and considerably with Shoes, But now 
our Tanners Curriers & Shoemakers cannot Supply the Town alone 
with either. 

These things the said Town of Boston dont mention as griev- 
ances in themselves, for it as well or better for the Individuals living 
iu Boston to buy their meat of a Roxbury Butcher as of a Boston 
Butcher if as cheap or cheaper, But then if the Town be consid- 
ered as an aggregate Body and a great Number of the parts which 
constitute this Body, be taken away and the same weight of Taxes 
continued as before, the Remainder must Suffer more in such Case 
then they did when the whole were together. 

This being so Apparent from the Reason & nature of Things 
and impressed and confirmed by a very Sensible and powerfull 
Argument the unavoidable increase of the Taxes of the Remaining 
Inhabitants has reduced & driven many others both of the Supe- 
riour and middling Sort to Remove into some of the neighbouring 



100 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Towns where they could Exercise their Faculties and many of 
them in this Town too every Day, and only Sleep a few Rods or 
miles out of the Town o night and pay but a fifth or tenth part of 
the Taxes they were Obliged to pay as their proportion while they 
lived in Boston, and by these means the Town is Reduced in the 
Number of their Rateable Inhabitants from near 34UO to about 
2600 in a very few years time, and in this Loss some men of large 
Estates are gone, who professedly left the Town because they 
thought Boston was Assessed a larger proportion in the province 
Tax then the neighbouring Towns to which they Removed, This 
which gives our Brethren removing from us ease, leaves the Burthen 
most necessarily heavier on the Remainder (if the Towns propor- 
tion continue the same) and their deliverance & Joy become our 
greater Thraldom & Sorrow. 

This has also Multiplied our poor to such a great number that in 
a very few years the Charges for them only are risen from little 
more than One Thousand to above five Thousand We might add 
that the Distilling Business which for Twenty or Thirty years past 
has employed a considerable Number [113.] Of People, is now 
under great Discouragements there not being molasses to be had 
to employ them half their time and what we have is Chiefly Im- 
ported by merchants and Traders living in Salem Charlestown 
Newbury Marblehead Plymouth Bristol and other Maritime places, 
where their Navigation is free and Cheaper :>t most, if not at all 
which places especially at Charlestown the Distilling Business is 
carried on largely and Distilling is also carried on at Watertown 
Medford and Nantucket from the last of which places a great 
Trade is managed abroad by this means to Newfoundland and 
elsewhere ; all this Business not many years past was carried on 
at Boston, and was doubtless one great consideration by which 
their share of the publick Charges was Uegulated. That there are 
great Numbers of Dwelling houses Warehouses and other Build- 
ings the Annual Rents of which would amount to several Thousand 
of Pounds empty & unoccupied. 

And that the Losses of this Town by Sea for the last year only 
amount to about 200,000 old tenor. 

Wherefore your humble Petitioners pray that as our Number 
Navigation Commerce, Manufactures and every thing else, for 
which we can be Taxed, are very much decreased, our Province 
Tax ma}' be lessened in proportion, or that such other Relief may 
be granted as to \-our Excellency and Honours, in your great Wis- 
dom and Equity shall seem meet. 

And your Petitioners (as in Duty Bound) shall ever pray 
&C a . 

The aforegoing Draft is Submitted in the name and by order of 
the Committee. Samuel Welles in behalf of the Committee. 

Which said Draft was three times Read over and thereupon 

Voted that the same be Accepted and that the Town Clerk be 
and hereby is directed immediately to prepare a fair Copy thereof 
and sign it on behalf of the Town, and the Selectmen are desired 
to present it to the General Court as the Petition of the Town ac- 
cordingly. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1746. 101 

Voted that a Committee be raised to endeavor to obtain a Sub- 
scription for building or purchasing a House proper the Reception 
of Distracted persons, & Voted, that 
M r . John Jones 
M r . Joseph Sherburne & 
M r . John Staniford. 
be the said Committee. 

[114.] Voted A Grant of Sixteen Thousand pounds old tenor 
Bills to be Rais'd by a Tax on Polls and Instates within the Town 
of Boston, for Relief of the Poor and defreying other necessary 
Charges arising within and for said Town the year ensuing. 

Voted that the Sum of Two hundred and fifty pounds old tenor 
Bills be allowed and paid out of the Town Treasury to the Hon ble . 
Joseph Wadsworth Esq r . for his Salary as Town Treasurer the 
year past. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred pounds old Tenor be allowed 
& paid out of the Town Treasury to the Hon ble Joseph Wads- 
vvorth Esq r . in full for his Extraordinary Services in his Office as 
Town Treasurer to this Day (excepting the Services he has done 
in his Office relating to the Batterys in the Town). 

Voted that the Sum of Eight}* pounds old tenor Bills be allowed 
& paid out of the Town Treasury unto M r . John Staniford in full 
for bis Services as Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market for the year 1745. 

Voted that the Selectmen be and hereby are directed to fill up 
the "Wharffe at the South Battery, and Build a Glacis there and 
take what Dirt they shall want for doing the same from the Top 
of Forthill. 

M r . Nathaniel Wardells Lease in the Engine Erected at the 
Southend for the weighing of Ha}' being Expired the Town entred 
upon the Consideration of said Engine and after some Debate, 
Voted that the further Leasing of said Engine or Erecting of 
another Engine in the Town for the weighing of Hay be and 
hereby is referr'd to the Selectmen who are fully impowered to Act 
and do in this Affair whatever they shall apprehend to be most for 
thq Advantage and Interest of the Town. 

The Selectmen appointed a Committee the Thirty first of march 
last on the Petition of James Allen Esq r . praying for Liberty to 
Remove his Gap at the Outwharves the [115.] Wedth thereof 
Northward at his own Cost and Charge, now Report that they 
had Viewed the premisses therein mentioned & apprehended the 
granting the prayer of the Petition Will be attended with many 
Inconveniences & be a considerable Disservice to the Town which 
w:is read and accepted, and Voted that the said Petition be Dis- 
missed. 

The Selectmen appointed a Committee the 31 st of march last to 
consider of a motion then made by several of the Inhabitants for 
disposing of Fox Hill in the Common for the Interest of the Town 
Now Report that they had Viewed said Hill and considered the 
Circumstances of the same & apprehend that at present it will not 
yield any thing to the advantage of the Town to Dispose of it, 
but that it remain as it now is, which being Read, Voted that the 
said Report be Accepted. 



102 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

The following Gentlemen were Chosen a Committee for Audit- 
ing the Town Treasurers Accounts for the Year ensuing Viz'. 

John Wheelwright Esq r . 

M r . Thomas Greene 

Joshua Winslow Esq r . 

M r . Ebenezer Holmes & 

M r . Thomas Oxnard, 

And they are desired to make Report as usual, and the said 
Committee are desired to Audit the Accounts of the Overseers of 
the Poor respecting the Almshouse and the Workhouse, and to 
Attend doing the same at the usual place of said Overseers meet- 
ing & make Report hereon as Usual. 

Voted that all matters and things whatsoever that were to have 
been considered of at this meeting, and now Remain unfinished be 
and hereby is referred over to the next General Town Meeting to 
be then Acted upon. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given to 
the Hon ble Edward Hutchinson Esq r the Moderator of this Meet- 
ing for Dispatching the Business thereof. 
Then the Meeting be Dismissed. 

[116.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and lawfully warned in 
Public Town Meeting assembled in Faneuil Hall on Monday the 

twenty second day of Septem 1 ". A.D. 1746. 

Prayer being made by the Rev d . D r . Joseph Scwall. 
The Warrant for calling the Meeting was Read. 
The Inhabitants proceeded to the Choice of a Moderator (by a 
handy Vote) and the Hon ble . Samuel Welles Esq r . being Nominated 
was Accordingly Chosen. 

The Town proceeded to take into Consideration the Affairs men- 
tioned in the Warrant Viz 4 . To Consult what may be done for the 
Defence and Safety of the Town against an Enemy either by Re- 
pairing the present Fortifications, or Erecting any others, or doing 
whatever else may be thought necessary and after a long Debate 
thereon, It was Voted that 

The Hon ble . Edward Hutchinson 

Ezekiel Lewis 

James Allen & 

John Jeffries Esq rs . 

Col William Downe J- 

John Fayerweather 

Daniel Henchman & 

Thomas Hubbard Esq. & 

M r . Thomas Green 
Be a Committee to wait upon His Excellency the Governour pray- 
ing that inasmuch as the Town of Boston Petition'd the Great & 
General Court to provide Hulks at the Province Charge to Stop 
the Channel on the Approach of an Enemy which Petition the 
House of Representatives so far favour'd as to Appoint a Commit- 
tee to make an Estimate of the Cost thereof but said Committee 
have not yet Reported and the General Court not now Sitting, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1746. 103 

Wherefore the Town humbly [117.] Pray that his Excellency 
the Governour and the Hon ble . the Council in the imminent Danger 
to which his Majestys good Subjects are now Exposed, & would 
please to provide Hulks to be Sunk as proposed at the province 
Charge and also would provide Fireships if they shall Judge them 
needfull. 

Also Voted that the Hon ble Jacob Wendell ^ 

James Bowdoin & 



Samuel Welles Esq. 
John Fayerweather & 



Commit- 
tee. 



William Downe Esq rs . 
Capt. John Steel and 
M r . Isaac White 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Consider what is 
necessary for the Town immediately to do for their better Security 
and Defence against an Enemy besides Sinking of Hulks and pro- 
viding Fire Ships and Report hereon as soon as may be, 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3 o Clock in the After- 
noon. 

Monday 3 o Clock in the Afternoon The Town mett according to 
Adjournment. 

Whereas it is suggested that there are several persons Roman 
Catholicks that now dwell and reside in this Town and it may be 
very Dangerous to 'permit such persons to Reside here in Case we 
should be attack'd by an Enemy, Therefore Voted that M r . Jere- 
miah Allen M r . Nathaniel Gardner and M r . Joseph Bradford be 
and hereby are appointed a Committee to ta!*e Care and prevent 
any Danger the Town may be in from Roman Catholick residing 
here by making Strict Search and enquiry after all such ami pur- 
sue such Methods relating (o em as the Law directs. 

The Committ.ee appointed in the forenoon to Consider what is 
immediately necessary for the Town to do for its further Security 
& Defence now Reported That the}' Apprehended the Ditch or 
mote be Cleared and Guns be provided for the [118.] Ports in the 
Breast Work on the neck, that there be a platform made to Trav- 
erse the Guns on. 

That four Guns be planted on the End of M r . Welles's Wharfe, 
Four guns on M r . Hills Wharfe, Five on M r . Marions Wharffe, 
Four Guns on Mess". Jones and Griffins Wharffe, Four on M r . Hub- 
bards Wharffe, Four on the End & two on the South Side of Col. 
Wendells Wharffe, Eight on the Long Wharffe, four on darks- 
Wharffe and four on Capt. Cheevers Wharffe, & Eight Guns more 
for the North Battery, the Breast Works to be made with timber and 
plank on each Side filled up with Sods or Dirt, or with hogsheads 
filled with Dirt as the Circumstances of the place may require. 

That they had also carefully observed what provision there is of 
Cannon, and find a great quantity and a large number of Carriages 
and humbly proposed that all Utensels & everything necessary be 
forthwith provided for them. 

Which Report was Read & Accepted and thereupon Voted that 
the said Committee Viz'. The Hon ble . Jacob Wendell Esq r . Samuel 
Welles Esq r . and James Bowdoin Esq r . John Fayerweather Esq r - 



1(H CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Col. William Downe Capt. John Steel and M r . Isaac White wait 
upon His Excellency the Captain General for his Leave to do the 
several Things mentioned in said Report, and if they Obtain it, 
that then the said Committee and .Joshua Cheever Esq r . M r . John 
Euddock M r . Samuel Hunt Capt. Jeffry Bedgood M r . Thomas Lee 
M r . Shem Drown Capt. John Wakefield and Maj r . Daniel Hench- 
man be and hereby are Impowered as a Committee to do and 
Effect the same. 

Voted 'that the Sum of Six Thousand Pounds bills of the old 
tenor be rais'd by a Tax upon the Polls and Estates within the 
Town of Boston for defraying the extraordinary Services of the 
Current year, 

Whereas the Town Apprehending it to be much for their Safety 
& Security in this time of War with the French Nation, that the 
several persons belonging to that Nation who are daily passing the 
Streets of the Town should be Confiu'd, desired the [119.] 
Selectmen to make application to two of His Majestys Justices of 
the peace (Quorum unus) for a warrant to Apprehend and Commit 
them to Prison pursuant to a Law of this province, which they 
accordingly did & the Constables by Wartue of said Warrant took 
about One hundred French persons & carryed 'em to His Majesty 
Goal in Boston, but Benjamin Pollard Esq r . High Sheriff of this 
County would not receive 'em nor suffer 'em to Remain there but 
has permitted 'em to go at large again and by this extraordinary 
Behaviour and Conduct of the said Sheriff the Inhabitants Jude 
themselves to be in great Danger of their Lives and Estates, more 
especially since it has been proved that some of these French 
persons have declared that they would set this Town on fire in 
several parts as soon as it shall be Invaded by an Enemy upon a 
motion Therefore made and Seconded, It was unamiously Voted 
that the Gentlemen the Representatives of this Town be & hereby 
are desired at the next Session of the General Court to make a 
motion in the Hon ble . House of Representatives that they would lay 
before His Excellency the Governonr and the Hon ble . the Council 
the said Extraordinary behaviour and Conduct of the said Sheriff, 
and desired that such Methods may be taken with the said Sheriff 
as that the Town may be preserved and he not have it in his power 
to distress this, or any other Town in like Circumstances for the 
future that they'l be pleased to Grant such other Relief as may be 
necessary. 

Upon a Motion made and Seconded, Voted that the Hon ble 
Samuel Welles, James Allen & Ezekiel Lewis Esq. M r . Edward 
Bromfield and M r . Hugh Vans the Selectmen of the Town Hugh 
Hall Esq r . Thomas Hubbard Ksij 1 ". & John Fayerweather Esq r . be 
and hereby are appointed a Committee to wait upon his Excellency 
the Governour, and the Hon ble the Council to Inform them that the 
Town apprehending great Danger arising to em by such a number 
of persons Subjects to the French King, being allowed to pass and 
Repass the Streets as they now do, desired the Selectmen to Apply 
to two of His Majestys Justices of the peace (Quorum Unus) to 
Grant a Warrant to Apprehend & Secure 'em in prison pursuant 
X) a law of this province, which the, Selectmen accordingly did, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1746. 105 

and the Constables of the Town by Virtue thereof apprehended 
about one hundred French Persons & Carried 'em to his Majestys 
Goal in Boston, but the High Sheriff of this County treated the 
said Warrant in a very Contemptious manner & [ISO.] Would 
not receive the said persons therein mentioned, nor suffer 'em to 
Remain there and so they again go at large, which gives great 
uneasiness to the Inhabitants, praying his Excellency and the 
Hon ble . the Council will give such orders relating to the said 
French Prisoners as shall be most for the Safety & Security of 
the Town, and also give such Orders to the said Sheriff as may 
preserve the Town and those that Act for them from such Rude 
and 111 mannerly treatment from him for the future. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tomorrow Morning five 
a Clock in the Afternoon. 

Tuesda} 7 Septem r . 23 d . The Town met according to adjournment, 
& Voted that this Meeting be immediately Adjourned to Thursday 
next the 25 Inst. at 5 o Clock in the Afternoon. 

Thursday Septem r . 25 th . The Town mett according to Adjourn- 
ment. 

The Committee appointed the 22 d . Instant to wait upon His Ex- 
cellency the Governour and the Hon ble . the Council with a Copy' of 
the Vote and desire of the Town relating to the Behaviour of the 
High Sheriff in Refusing to Receive the French Prisoners into 
Goal now Reported that they had so done, and that his Excellency 
and the Council desire the Town would draw up in Writing the 
Particular Matters the} 7 have to Alkdge against the said Sheriff 
Pollard relating to said Affair, Whereupon It was Moved and 
Voted that Samuel Welles Abiel Walley & Samuel Adams Esq rs * 
be a Committee for that purpose, and the Constables of the Town 
who Served the Warrants are desired to Attend the said Commit- 
tee & give them all the Information they can said Committee to 
Report at the Adjournment. 

The Committee appointed the 22 d . instant to take Care and pre- 
vent any Danger the Town may be in by Roman Catholicks re- 
siding here, Reported that they had found the Laws now in force 
relating to such persons to be insufficient [121,] To Enable them 
to Effect the same and therefore could do nothing hereon altho 
they suspected a considerable number of Roman Catholicks to be 

now in Town, Whereupon it was moved & Voted that the 

Represeetatives of tin's Town be and hereby are desired to En- 
deavour at the next Session of the General Court to get a Law 
pass'd that shall be effectual to Secure the Town from any Danger 
they may be in, by Roman Catholicks Dwelling here, 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to Saturday 11 o Clock 
A.M. 

Saturday Sept. 27 th . 1746. The Town met according to Adjourn- 
ment. 

The Committee appointed the 25 th . instant to draw up a Memor- 
ial to his Excellency the Governour and the Hon ble . the Council 



106 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

relating to the behaviour and Conduct of the High Sheriff of this 
County in refusing to receive Sundry french Persons into His 
Majestys Goal in Boston sent thither the 22 d . instant by Warrant 
from two of His Majestys Justices of the Peace now make Report 
of a Draft they had prepared in the words following Viz'. 

To His Excellency William Shirley Esq r . Governour in Chief 
and the Hon ble . His Majestys Council. 

The Memorial of the Town of Boston, Humbly Sheweth, 

That his Majestys good Subjects the Inhabitants of said Town 
are greatly concerned that the Care and pains taken by their 
Selectmen, at the motion of the Inhabitants in Town Meeting 
Assembled on the twenty second instant are frustrated & Rendered 
ineffectual by the illegal and contemptous refusal of the Sheriff of 
the County of Suffolk to Obey and Execute the warrant & mit- 
timus of His Majestys Justices of the peace granted according to 
Law, on the Complaint of their Selectmen for Committing Sundry 
French Persons now in this Town to prison, and the said Inhabi- 
tants Apprehend this proceeding of the Justices & Selectmen of 
the more Importance and necessity for as much as there is a Dec- 
laration on Oath of two persons, that sundry of the said French 
persons have [122.] Very lately threatned to set the Town on 
fire. 

Wherefore your Memorialist humbly pray and doubt not but 
your Excellency and Honours will take such Methods as to your 
known Wisdom and Justice shall seem meet and be effectual to 
prevent such proceedings for the future and preserve the Authority 
& Laws from being brought into Contempt by the Irregular 
behaviour of the said Sheriff or any other Officer. 

Which being Read it was thereupon Voted that the said Draft 
be Accepted and that a fair Copy of the same be prepared & 
signed by the Town Clerk, and that the Hon ble Samuel Welles 
James Allen and Exekiel Lewis Esq rs M r . Edward Bromfield M r . 
Hugh Vans, The Selectmen of the Town, Hugh Flail Esq r . Thomas 
Hubbard Esq r . and John Fayerweather Esq r . be a Committee to 
present the same to His Excellency the Governour and the Hon ble . 
the Council as the Memorial of the Town. 

Then the Meeting was Dismissed. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly Qualified & lawfully Warned in Publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the Ninth 
day of March A.D. 1746. 

Prayer being made by the Rev d . M r . Samuel Mather. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to the Choice of a Moderator (by a 
written Vote) and upon collecting the Votes it Appeared that there 
was no choice, and the Inhabitants were then directed to bring in 
their Votes again, which they accordingly did, and they being 
Sorted it Appeared there was no Choice, and the Inhabitants then 
brought in their Votes a third time and upon sorting 'em it 
Appeared that the Hon. James Allen Esq r . was chose by a great 
Majority. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1746. 



107 



[123.] Ezekiel Goldthwait was unanimously chose Town 
Clerk for the Year ensuing and Sworn to the faithful discharge of 
his Duty in that Office by the Hon oble . Edward Hutchinson Esq r . 
Sundry Laws. Read. 

Then the Town proceeded to the Choice of Officers &c*. 
Voted to proceed to the Choice of Seven Selectmen. 
The Votes being accordingly Brought in & Sorted it appeared 
that the following Gentlemen were chose to that office for the 
Year ensuing. Viz'. 

Samuel Adams Esq r . ^ 

Cap 4 . John Steel 
Cap 4 . William Salter 

Cap 4 . Henry Atkins declines Serving J- Select Men. 
Abiel Walley Esq r . 

Thomas Hubbard Esq r . declines Serving 
M r . John Tyng 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to three o'Clock this 
Afternoon. 

Afternoon, The Town mett according to Adjournment. 
Voted to chuse twelve constables distinct from the Collectors of 
Taxes. accordingly 



Mess. William Nichols 
David Drowne 
Joseph Foye 
Elisha Foster 
Elisha Dyre 
William Gray 



Constables. 



Sworne. 
Excus'd. 
Excus'd. 
Excus'd. 
Excus'd. 
Excus'd. 

James Cunningham Sworn. f 
John Green Excus'd. 

Edward Foster Excus'd. 
Joseph Coit Excus'd. 

Jonathan Cary Sworne 

John Procter Excus'd. 

were chosen constables for the Year ensuing. 

[124.] Cap 4 . Henry Atkins and Thomas Hubbard Esq r . who 
were chose Select Men in the forenoon having declared that their 
private Affairs will not permit 'em to serve in that Office, and that 
they desire to be Excused, Voted that they be Excus'd ac- 
cordingly and that two other persons be chose in their room 
Accordingly 

M r . Jeremiah Belknap & 
M r . Samuel Grant 
were chose & Accepted. 

Voted that any Person chose into the Office of a Constable for 
the Year ensuing be Excus'd from Serving provided he Pay the 
Sum of Twenty Pounds old tenor Bills. 

Voted that any Person or Persons chosen into any office in the 
Town for the Year ensuing who in case of Refusal is Obliged to 
Pay any Fine or Penalty be excus'd from serving in such Office 
provided he or they Pay in Bills of the last tenor one half the Sum 
mentioned in the Law to be paid as a Fine for their Refusal. 
Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 



108 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



is given to Jonas Clarke Esq r . M r . Thomas Hancock and Cap'. 
Henry Atkins for the faithfull Services they have done for the 
Town in the Office of Select Men for several Years past. 

The following Gentlemen were chosen Overseers of the Poor for 
the Year ensuing Viz'. 

The Hon ble . Jacob Wendell Esq r . "| 
William Tyler Esq r . 
Col. John Hill 
Thomas Hubbard Esq r . 
Daniel Henchman Esq r . 
M r . Edward Bromfield 
Col. William Downe 
Aud r . Oliver Esq r . 
John Phillips Esq r . 
M r . Isaac Walker 
George Rogers Esq r . 
M r . Eben r . Storer 

[125] Mess. Samuel Ballard Sworne 
Richard Surcomb Sworne 
Samuel Clough 
Edward Baker 
Phillip Freeman 
Daniel McKean 
William Bowles Sworne 
Daniel Bell jun r . Sworne 
Phillip Virbert Sworne 
Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned 'till to Morrow Morning 
9 o'Clock. 



Sworne 

Sworne 

Excus'd }* Constables. 

Sworne 



Tuesday Morning Nine o'Clock, The Town being Assembled. 
Mess. Nathaniel Hodgdon Sworn 



Thomas Hase Sworn 

Josiah Carter Sworn 

John Bowden Sworn 

John Allen Sworn 

James Dawson Sworne 

Samuel Hastings Sworn 
were chosen Sealers of Leather. 
Mess. William Moore Sworn 
Story Dawes Sworn 
Francis Warden Sworn 
James Barnard Sworn 
Samuel Brown Engine man 
William Bearsto Sworne 
were chosen Fence Viewers. 

Mess. Joshua Pickman 

Gillam Phillips Esq r . 
Joseph Edwards 
Thomas Newman 
Henry Newman 
John Colson 



Sealers of Leather. 



Fence Viewers. 



Scavengers. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1746. 



109 



Scavengers. 



Informers ab t Deer 
Al 



Cullers of Staves Hoops &C*. 



Mess. Aeneas Mackey 
Richard Hubbard 
Dean Osgood 
John Dixwell 
Ellis Wilson 
Jonathan Bowman 

M r . Isaac Gridley was cbosen Surveyor of Hemp. Sworn. 
Mess". Nathaniel Gardner Sworn 

Richard Hubbard Excusd f 
M r . Nathaniel Band, was Chosen Haward for the Year ensuing. 
Voted that the Selectmen be Surveyors of Highways. 
Mess. Thomas Gushing Pay ^ 
Leonard Jarvis 

Joseph Calef Excus'd > Hogreeves. 
David Jenkins Sworn 
John Shaw Sworn J 

were Chosen Hogreeves for the Year ensuing. 

M r . Benjamin Harrod was chosen Constable for the Year ensu- 
ing, Sworn. 

Mess. Harvey Thomas 

Benjamin Ingraham 
Benjamin Ballard 
Benjamin Barnard 
Isaac Fowle 
Thomas Sergeant 
Benjamin Sault 
Peter Cotta 
John Hobbs 
Sendall Williams 

were chosen Cullers of Staves Hoops &C'. for the Year ensuing. 
[127.] John Phillips Esq r . 

Cap'. Joseph Russell 
Cap*. Isaac White 
M r . Joseph Jackson Hatter 
M r . John Scolley 
M r . James Day 
John Hill Esq r . 
Cap*. John Carnes 
Cap 1 . Henry Berry 
M r . Robert Breck 

were chosen Firewards for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Edward Moberley Sworn 
Joseph White Sworn 

Edward Richards Sworn 
Thomas Warden Sworn 
William Pain Sworn 

Isaac Vergoose Sworn 

William Nichols Sworn 
Josiah Waters Sworn 

James Barnard Sworn 

Andrew Symmes 
were chosen Viewers of Boards Shingles &c a . for the Year ensuing. 



Firewards. 



Viewers of Boards Shin- 
gles &C a 



110 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



M r . Michael Dennis 
ing, Excus'd 

Mess 1 



was chosen Constable for the Year ensu- 



Richard Buckley Sworn 

Jacob Parker Sworn 

Joshua Blanchard Sworn 
Cap*. Nath 1 . Barber Sworn !> Assessors. 
M r . William Fairfield Sworn 
Cap 1 . Daniel Pecker Sworn 
Cap'. John Goldthwait Sworn 
were chosen Assessors for the Year Ensuing. 

Voted that the Town proceed to the choice of a County Treas- 
urer at four a Clock this Afternoon. 

[128.] M r . John Gould was chosen Constable for the Year 
ensuing, Excus'd. 

M r . Sampson Sheaffe was Chosen Constable for the Year ensu- 
ing, Paid. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Town Treas- 
urer and they being Collected and Sorted it Appeared that the 
Hon. Joseph Wadsworth Esq r . was Chosen by a great Majority 
& Sworn. 

M r . Thomas Milliken was Chosen a Constable. Sworn. 
The following Gentlemen were chosen a committee for Auditing 
the Town Treasurers Accounts for the Year ensuing Viz'. 
Mess". Edmund Quincy ") 

William Cooper 

Thomas Greene } Auditors. 

Joshua Winslow Esq r . 
Harrison Gray J 

and they are desired to make Report as usual, and the said Com- 
mittee are desired to Audit the Accompts of the Overseers of the 
Poor respecting the Almshouse and the Workhouse, and to Attend 
doing the same at the Usual place of the said Overseers Meeting 
and make Heport hereon as Usual. 
Mess". Isaac Casno Sworn 

Sworn 
Excus'd 
Sworn 
Sworn 
Sworn 

Sworn } Clerks of the Market. 
Sworn 
Sworn 
Sworn 
Sworn 



Thomas Edwards 

Thomas Hill 

James Allen 

Richard Billings 

Samuel Gerrish 

Nathaniel Thayer 

Thomas Baxter 

Thomas Newman 

John Smith 

William Baker 

Samuel Adams jun r . Sworn 

Stephen Whiting Sworn 
Were Chosen,Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 

Upon a Motion made and Seconded, That the Town would 

[129.] Proceed to the Choice of a Clerk for Faneuil Hall Market, 

It was Voted that the Town will not choose any person to be 

Clerk of said Market. 

Upon Reading the Petition of the Watchmen of the Town for 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1746. Ill 

an Addition to their Wages and Allowance for that Service, Voted 
that the said Petition be referr'd to the Selectmen, they to consider 
thereof & Report thereon at the next General Town Meeting. 

The Selectmen's Report on the Account of M r . John Fenno 
keeper of the Grainary for the Year past as Entred in his Book 
{and on File in the Town Clerks Office) Read & Voted that the 
said Report be Accepted and accordingly that M r . John Fenno be 
further accountable to the Town for nine bushels of Meal at 20/ p 
Bushel, and One hundred & twenty Bushels of Corn at IS/ p 
Bushel, being One hundred & Seventeen pounds, & also for the 
sum of Seven Hundred & twenty three pounds five Shillings & 
Seven pence, the whole of which amounts to Eight Hundred & 
forty pounds five shill 8 . & Seven pence old tenor, which remains 
in his hands, exclusive of his Salary, which is One hundred pounds, 
& for Assistance thirty pounds, to the third instant, which is 
hereby also allowed him. 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Com 1 **, for purchasing 
Grain, & it appear'd that 

Mess. John Gardner J 

John Salter > Committee for Purchasing Grain. 
Robert Watt ) 
were chosen a Committee for Purchasing Grain. 

The said Committee are desired & Impoweredto give all needful! 
directions to the keeper of the Granary respecting the Quantity's 
of Grain to be Sold and setting the Trice thereof from time to 
time as occasion shall require. 

The Town entred upon the Consideration of that article in the 
Warrant for Purchasing a Quantity of Cord Wood in the Summer 
for the Relief of the Poor in Winter and after some Debate there- 
on Voted, that. 

M r . Robert Rand 
M r . Rufus Greene 
M r . David Colson 
Joshua Cheever Esq r . 
M r . Natli'. Greenwood 

[13O.] be and hereby are appointed a Committee to consider 
what is best for the Town to do in this Affair and the Method for 
Effecting the same and Report hereon at the next General Town 
Meeting. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to 3 o'Clock Afternoon. 

Three o'Clock Afternoon, The Town being melt according to 
Adjournment. 

The Town Entered into the consideration of that article in the 
Warrant whether they will fence in that part of the Common or 
Training field from M r . Stephen Greenleafs to M r . Jacob SheafFs 
and after some Debate thereon, Voted that the same be dis- 
missed. 

Voted that the Assessors be and hereby are allowed to sit upon 
Abatements until the last day of July and no longer. 

The Town Entered upon the consideration of that part of tin 
Petition of Mess. Joseph White Benjamin Edwards William 
Larrabee and Elias Dupee Collectors of Taxes & C a . praying the 



112 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Town would be pleased to Augment the allowance made 'em for 
collecting the Taxes in the Year 1745 and 1746, for reasons therein 
mentioned and after some Debate thereon, A Question was put, 
whether the Town would make any further Allowance to said 
collectors over & and above the 9 d . on the Pound already Voted 

'em, and it Pass'd in the Negative. and then. 

The Town Entered into the consideration of the other part of 
their Petition Vizt. that as many of the Inhabitants of the Town in 
the Years 1744 and 1745 were gone beyond Sea and never returned 
and many other Collectors the Taxes were delivered to said Col- 
lectors and no Abatement has as yet have been made 'em. The 
Town at the same time took into consideration the Petition of Cap'. 
John Goldthwait and M r . Jacob Sheaffe late Collectors of Taxes 
for this Town setting forth that for several Years past they were 
Collectors of the Taxes in said Town and during that time had 
committed to them by the Assessors of said Town the Taxes of 
sundry Persons to Collect that were abroad at Sea at the time 
when they received the Books of the Assessors many of whom 
Your Petitioners never saw they not having returned since [131.] 
and other Inhabitants during the time dyed so extremely Poor 
that the Petitioners notwithstanding all their Care and Pains could 
not get any part of the Taxes of such Poor, and it is not now in 
the Power of the Assessors to make 'em any Abatements praying 
a committee may be appointed to enquire and make Report of all 
such Taxes as they in Justice apprehend the Pet, ought to be 
abated after some Debate Voted that 

Cap*. Jeffery Bedgood 

M r . Thomas Greene 

M r . Edmund Qnincy ^ Committee. 

M r . Stephen Boutineau & j 

Carnelius Waldo Esq. j 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to take into consideration 
the said Petitions, hear the Petitioners thereon and Report as soon 
as maybe what Taxes they apprehend the said Petitioners ought to 
be Abated. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to bring in their Votes for a County 
Treasurer which being collected were according to Law Sealed up 
by Constable Bell to be by him kept and Returned to the next 
Quarter Sessions for this County. 

The Town Entred into the consideration of the Petition of a great 
Number of Inhabitants living in and frequenting the Street called 
Atkinson Street bounded Northerly on Milk Street and Southerly 
on Cow Lane, That there has been for some Years past much Pains 
as well as Money expending in the Planking, gravelling and drain- 
ing said Street in order to make it more commodious, but to so 
little purpose hitherto that it is Notor ons to every Passenger in 
the Spring Summer and Fall of the Year, that it is scarce passable 
with Carts Trucks or any heavy Carriage, in somuch that the 
urgent necessity of its being paved has Exhibited the memorialists 
several of them to contribute to their utmost, and as they humbly 
Conceive generously towards it, praying the Town to order and 
direct that the said Street be Accepted and Registred as one of the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1746. 113 

Common Streets of the Town, and paved as soon as may be and 
what the Cost thereof shall amount to, more than Subscriptions 
already obtained being about Eleven Hundred pounds old tenor 
to be paid out of the Town Treasury, After some Debate upon 
said Petitiqn, It was Voted that the sura of Six Hundred Pounds 
old tenor Bills be and hereby is Allowed to be paid out of the 
Treasury towards paving the said Street, provided the Abutters 
[132.] or others on their Behalf will undertake to Pay the remain- 
ing of the charge for paving the same, The Paving thereof to be 
under the direction of the Selectmen, and when the said Street 
shall be compleated Paved and finished, Voted that, the said Street 
be and hereby is Accepted, and that the same be Registered as one 
of the Common Streets of the Town by the Name of Atkinson 
Street. 

The Petition of a Number of Inhabitants neighbours to & 
Dwellers in Water Street, setting forth, That the said Street after 
great Rains & in the Spring and Fall of the Year has a considerable 
Stand of Water in it near the coach house of the late Col. Fitch, 
and notwithstanding the Street is Paved, there is for the greatest 
part of the Year a Slough of Dirt and Filth so that the way is 
almost impassible whereby the Inhabitants of the Town as well as 
Passengers are greatly impeded, and those that dwell near greatly 
Injured, praying the Towns Consideration of the premises, and 
that some proper Methods may be taken to Remove the said Incon- 
venience and Nusance that the Inhabitants suffer by said Stand of 
Water, and also the Incumbrance on the Towns Land thereabout, 
and after some Debate thereon, Voted that 
Mess. Joshua Blanchard ") 

Thomas Paine & > Committee. 
Joseph Calef ) 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to take the said Petition 
into consideration, Enquire into the Nusances & Incumbrances 
Complained of, and Report as soon as may be what Method is 
best for the Town to take in order to Remove the same, and pre- 
vent the like for the future. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to consider of the article in the 
warrant for further Fortifying the Town, and after a Short Debate 
Voted that nothing further be done hereupon, and dismissed the 
same. 

Mess. William Procto 

Samuel Proctor 

William Owen 

Isaac White 

John Breck 
[133.] Thomas Boucher 

Robert Rand 

John Barrett 

Henry Berry 

John Welch 

Nathaniel Thwing 

John Simpson Brazier 
were chosen Tythingmen for the Year ensuing. 



114 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Voted that nine pence on the pound be and hereby is allowed to 
be paid to such persons as shall be chosen to collect the Taxes 
within the Ensuing Year on all such Sums as they shall collect they 
Paying unto the Town Treasurer one half part of the whole Sum 
they shall be obliged to Pay him within three months from the time 
they shall receive the Tax Books from the Assessors, and the 
other half part in three months after, and also Paying to the Prov- 
ince and County Treasurers one half part of the whole sums they 
shall be obligee? to pay them in six months from the time they shall 
receive the said Books from the Assessors and the other half part 
in Six months after, and in case either of the said Collectors shall 
fail paying the said Treasurers in the above manner, the collector 
so failing shall not be intitled to the aforesaid allowance of Nine 
pence on the Pound for collecting but wholly Forfeit the same. 
Provided also that the said collectors give Bond, with Suffi- 
cient Suretys to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faithful 
Discharge of their Duty in said office. 

Then the Town proceeded to the Choice of Six Collectors of 
Taxes accordingly, and upon Collecting and Sorting the Votes it 
Appeared that 

Mes's. John Staniford 

Benjamin Edwards 

William Larrabee 

Andrew Cunningham 

Elias Dupee & 

John Ruddock 
were chosen to that Office. 

Voted that all matters and Things that remain unfinished be and 
hereby are Referred over to the next General Town [134.] Meet- 
ing to be then considered of and Acted upon. 

Voted that Thanks be given to the Hon. James Allen Esq r . the 
Moderator of this meeting for his Care and Pains in Managing the 

Affairs thereof. 

Then the Meeting was Dismissed. 

At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly Qualified and legally warned in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Friday the third day of 
April, Anno Dom i 1747. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting. Read. 

The Petition of a great Number of Inhabitants for calling the 
Meeting also Read. 

Voted that a Moderator be chose by a handy Vote and the 
Hon ble . James Allen Esq r . being Nominated he was accordingly 
Chose. 

A Motion was made by M r . John Ruddock & Seconded, that 
Faneuil Hall Market be shutt up on every Day of the week, except 
Monday in the Forenoon until the Town shall order otherwise and 
after a considerable Debate thereon, M r . Ruddock desired to with- 
draw his Motion which was granted and the same was withdrawn 
accordingly, then 

A Motion was made by M r - Daniel Pecker that said Market be 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1747. 115 

shut up until the second Tuesday of September next which being 
seconded by several Inhabitants, A Question was put, and it was 
accordingly Voted that Faneuil Hall Market be not again Opened 
until the second Tuesday of September next any By-Law of the 
Town to the Contrary notwithstanding also. 

Voted that the Selectmen be and hereby are desired to [135.] 
Call a Town Meeting for the Inhabitants to Assemble on the first 
Tuesday of Septem r . next to take into consideration what the 
Town will further do with respect to opening said Market after the 
second Tuesday of September. 

Then the Meeting was Dismissed. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the twelfth day 
of May A.D. 1747. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Ellis Gray. 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting. Read. 

Sundry laws Read. 

Samuel Adams Esq r . one of the Selectmen in their Name pro- 
posed to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the choice of a 
person or persons to serve for and Represent them in the Great and 
General Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday 
the Twenty seventh day of May instant, and in order thereto to 
consider and Ascertain the Number of Gentlemen to be Elected 
accordingl}', Voted to proceed to the choice of four Representatives 
and it was Declared that the Poll be closed at Twelve a Clock. 

The Votes being collected the Number of Votes were found be 
Four Hundred and fifty one, and upon Sorting the Votes it Ap- 
peared that the following Gentlemen were chose Vizt. 

No. of Votes. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Hutchinson Esq r 292. 

The Hon. James Allen Esq r 270. 

Thomas Hubbard Esq r 416. 

Samuel Adams Esq r 281. 

The Election of Representatives being over, and the same being 
declared by the Selectmen. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Moderator and 
[136-] Upon Sorting the same it appeared that the Hon ble . Jarnes 
Allen Esq r . was chose by a great Majorit} 7 . 

Then the Meeting was Adjourn'd to three a Clock in the After- 
noon. 

Three a Clock in the Afternoon, The Town mett according to 
Adjournment. 

The Petition of M r . Zachariah Hicks master of the North Writing 
School setting forth that four Years ago he had Two hundred & 
Eighty Pounds old tenor Bills granted him by the Town for his 
Support which at that time was to his full content and Satisfaction, 
but within that course of Years the currency of the province has 
sunk in its Value to that Degree that the aforesaid Sum is become 
very far Short of Answering the purpose for whic-h it was designed, 
find he is thereby Exposed to such Difficulties as are too great an 
Jncumbrance to him in the faithful Discharge of his Trust, Pray- 



116 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

ing the Town to Grant him such further an allowance as the}- shall 
think proper, was now read & after some Debate thereon. 

Voted that the Sum of one hundred Pounds old tenor Bills be 
Added to M r . Hicks's Sallary for the Year ensuing, the same to be 
paid him Quarterly, and to Commence the 22 d . of March last. 

The Petition of M r . John Proctor jun r . Usher of the North Writ- 
ing School praying for an Addition to his Salary was taken into 
Consideration and after some Debate thereon. 

Voted that the Town will not at present make any Addition to 
M r . Proctors Salary, but that said Petition be dismissed. 

The Petition of M r . Joseph Hubbard setting forth that the Peti- 
tioner sometime since laid open a part of his pasture situate on the 
South side of Forthill in Boston for his own convenience which way 
is Twelve feet wide and two hundred and forty feet in Length 
being opposite to Olivers Lane leading up to the said Hill, and runs 
from Cow Lane down to Purchase Street late Harrisons Ropewalk 
and inasmuch as the Petitioner freely Advanced and paid the Sum 
of one hundred and ten Pounds to Compleat the Purchase of said 
Street for the [137.] Publick Benefit, and also laid out away of 
Twenty two feet in Wedth thro the Petitioners Pasture land leading 
from Purchase Street aforesaid to the South Battery which he freely 
gave the Town and is on the Town Book, And as the Town has 
Land Adjoyning to the Petitioners pasture Land on the Northwest 
and Northerly sides thereof, he therefore Prays the Towns considera- 
tion of the premisses and that the Town would be pleased to grant 
him a Strip of Land in Lieu thereof the same Length and wedth 
with the said Twelve foot way, or as wide as the Petitioners shall 
enlarge said way, or the Selectmen shall think proper, was Read 
and thereupon Voted that the Selectmen be and hereby are ap- 
pointed a Committee to consider of this Petition hear the Petitioner 
thereupon and Report what they apprehend will be best for the 
Town to do as to the granting the prayer thereof, and Report 
hereon. 

The Petition of Samuel Bass and Kezia Harvey both of Boston, 
Setting forth, That the Town of Boston stand Seized in Fee of 
and in a certain Peice or Parcel of Land with a Stable Shop and 
Shed thereon standing situate in Boston aforesaid Bounded North- 
erly on water Street one hundred feet, Easterly on said Bass's Land 
about Twenty nine feet, Southerly on said Bass and Harvys Land 
about one hundred feet, and Westerly on Joyliffs Lane Twenty 
seven feet which Land fetches in but a small Rent to the Town, 
but being near unto Land of the Petitioners and more convenient 
for them than any others they are desirous of Purchasing the same, 
provided they can have it at a reasonable Price, & therefore desired 
the Town would pass a Vote fully Impowering the Selectmen to 
pass and Execute a good Deed or Deeds of such Lands to your 
Petitioners in such manner and for such a Sum of Money as shall 
be agreed upon, was Read, and thereupon It was Voted that 
Mess. Joshua Blanchard Samuel Hughes, Daniel Pecker, William 
Palfrey and William Fairfield be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to consider of said Petition, .View the Premisses and Report 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1747. 117 

to the Town whether they Apprehend it will be for the Benefit and 
Interest of the Town to grant the Prayer thereof & Report hereon. 

The Petition of M r . Thomas Paine praying the Town would Lease 
or Lett to him a peice of Land forty feet Square or thereabouts to 
sett a Warehouse upon on the North Side of the Market and East- 
ward of M r . Billings's Shop was Read and Voted that the 

same be dismissed. 

The Petition of several Freeholders and Inhabitants praying the 
Town would take some effectual Method to prevent the great 
Oppression they Labour under by the Millers Engrossing the Grain 
from time to [138.] time; and that Application be made by 
the Great and General Court or Assembly for Relief herein, 
was Read and after some Debate hereon It was Voted that the 
Gentlemen the Representatives of the Town be and they are hereby 
desired to use their utmost endeavours to get a Law passed tlio 
said Great and General Court that the Town may be redressed in 
this matter as soon as ma}' be. 

The Committee appointed the Ninth of March last on the Peti- 
tion of Joseph White, Benjamin Edwards, William Larrabee and 
Elias Dupee Collectors of Taxes for the Town of Boston now Re- 
ported that they had mett the Petitioners and Examined into the 
Circumstances of the several Persons whose Taxes they have Peti- 
tioned for an Abatement of, and are of opinion that the Sum of Fifty 
eight Pounds one shilling and eight pence be Abated M r . Collector 
White, that the Sum of Twenty one pounds seventeen shillings be 
Abated M r . Collector Edwards, and that the Sum of Thirty two 
Pounds seventeen shillings and four pence be Abated to M r . Col- 
lector Dupee, the whole Sum amounting to one hundred and ten 

Pounds twelve shillings & four Pence old tenor. which Report 

was Accepted and thereupon, it was Voted that the Selectmen be 
and hereby they are desired to give a Draft on the Town Treasury 
to said White, Edwards, and Dupee for the respective Sum Abated 
'em as mentioned in said Report. 

The Committee appointed the Ninth of March last on the Peti- 
tion of John Goldthwait and Jacob Sheaffe late Collectors of Taxes 
for the Town now Reported that they had mett the Petitioners 
& Examined into the Circumstances of the several Persons whose 
Taxes they have Petitioned for an Abatement of, and are of Opin- 
ion that the sum of Two hundred seventeen Pounds two shillings 
and Eight Pence old tenor be Abated M r . Collector Sheaff and 
that the Sum of Three hundred sixty seven Pounds Eighteen shil- 
lings old tenor be Abated M r . Collector Goldthwait which Report 
was Read & accepted, and it was thereupon Voted that the Select- 
men be and they hereby are desired to give a Draft on the Town 
Treasurer to said Goldthwait and Sheaff for the respective Sums 
Abated 'em as mentioned in said Report. 

The Committee appointed the ninth day of March last [139.] 
to consider of the Petition of the Watchmen of the Town for their 
Pay or allowance Reported that they apprehend the Sum of Seven 
pounds ten shillings old tenor Bills ought to be allowed unto each 
able bodied Watchman of the Town for every Month they shall 
faithfully Discharge their Duty, and follow such orders and Direc- 



118 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

tions as they shall from time to time receive from the Selectmen 
for the time being, which was Accepted, and it was thereupon. 

Voted that the Sum of Seven Pounds ten shillings old tenor Bills 
be :i Mowed to each Able Bodied Watchman p Month accordingly 
and that the same Commence when the Selectmen think proper. 

The Town being informed that the Selectmen on the Eighth 
Instant presented their Petition to His Excellency Charles Knowles 
Esq r . Governour of the Island of Cape Breton (now residing here 
requesting him to Grant Liberty and Protection to the Inhabitants 
of this Town to fetch Sea Coal from Cape Breton and that he gave 
them a very favourable answer to the same. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given to 
the Gentlemen the Selectmen for their great care of the Town in 
Applying to Governour Knowles in that manner. 

Also Voted that the Gentlemen the Representatives of the Town 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to draw up a Letter of 
Thanks to Governour Knowles for his Kind Reception of the 
Selectmen when they waited upon him with the above Petition 
and the great encouragement he gave 'em that he would grant the 
P raver thereof, and the great Regard he expressed to have for the 
Town &C a . 

The Committee appointed the ninth day of March last to con- 
sider of the Petition of several Inhabitants relating to the Nusances 
and Inctimbrances in Water Street complained of in said Petition 
and what method is best for the Town to take in order to remove 
the same and prevent the like for the future, now Reported that 
having considered of said Petition and Viewed the Incumbrances 
therein mentioned find that the Antient and Natural course of the 
water or Creek which belongs to the Town is Stopped by several 
Buildings being Erected over it Viz 1 , the Coach house in the Pos- 
s 'ssion of James Allen Esq r . the [14O.] Buildings of James 
Beighton, John Walley Esq r . John Hunt Esq r . Mrs. Kath a . Noyes 
and M r . John Norton on the South Side, and M r . Edward Brom- 
field M r . Christopher Tilde n and M r . John Dupee on the North 
sid thereof, all of whom they Apprehend have encroached upon 
said Creek and then-by occasion'd the obstruction of said Water 
e nirse, and that thoy judge the only effectual way for to be taken 
for Removing said Nusances and Incumbrances and Preventing 
the same for the future is to prosecute all such Persons as have 
mode said Encroaehments in case they shall refuse to remove 'em 
and thereby the Town will have restored to 'em said Water course 
or Creek which will be a very great Benefit to the Town, which 
was Head and Accepted, and it was thereupon 

Voted that the same Committee Viz 1 . M r . Joshua Blanchard M r . 
Thomas Paine and M r . Joseph Calef or any two of 'em be and they 
h"reby are Appointed a Committee for and in behalf of the Town 
to bring forward any Suit or Suits in the Law, against any Person 
or Persons whatsoever that have made or cause to have made 
any Encroachments on the Towns Lands situate in Water Street 
or near to Olivers Dock or adjoyning upon the same in this Town, 
and in the Name of the Town to Appear in any of His Majesty's 
Courts of Record, and Pursue such Suit or Suits until final Judg- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1747. 119 

ment and Execution and Act and do whatsoever they or any two 
of 'em shall Judge necessary to be done in and about the Premisses. 
Voted a Grant of Seventeen Thousand Pounds old tenor Bills to 
be raised by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within the Town of 
Boston for Relief of the Poor, and defreying other necessary 
Charges arising within and for said Town the Year ensuing. 

The Report of the Selectmen on the Visitation of the Publick 
Schools Read and is as follows Viz'. 

To tlie Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
in Town Meeting Assembled Ma} 7 12. 1747. 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Meeting the 
fourteenth of May last desiring the Selectmen to Visit the several 
[141.] Publick Schools in the Town, and Invite such Gentlemen 
to accompany them therein as the}* shall think proper, and to 
Report thereon. 

We the Subscribers Attended that Service on Wednesday the 
Twenty fifth day of June last Accompanied by the following Gen- 
tlemen. Viz'. 

The Hon ble . Edward Hutchinson Esq'. 
The Hon. John Jeffries Esq r . 
The Hon. Andrew Oliver Esq r . 
William Tyler Esq r . 
John Hill Esq r . 
The Gentlemen the Representatives 

of the Town of Boston. 
The Rev d . M*. Thomas Prince 
The Rev d . M r . Thomas Foxcroft 
The Rev d . M r . Ellis Gray 
The Rev d . M r . Andrew Eliot 
The Rev d . M r . William Cooper 
The Hon. Joseph Wads worth Esq r . 
Joshua Cheever Esq r . 
Dan 1 . Henchman Esq r . 
Francis Borland Esq r . 
M r . Middlecott Cooke 
M r . Edmund Quincy 
M r . Edward Bromfield 
Col. William Downe 
M r . Thomas Greene 
Cap*. John Wendell and 
M r . Thomas Oxnard 

and found the South Grammer School wherein were one hundred 
and nine Scholars in very good Order, the South writing school in 
the Common consisting of Two hundred & forty scholars in like 
good order, the Writing School in Queen Street of Sixty one 
Scholars in good order, the North writing School wherein were 
Two hundred and fifty Scholars in very good order & the North 
Grammar School of 35 Scholars in good order. 

SAMUEL ADAMS ^ 

JOHN STEEL 

W SALTKR f Selectmen. 

ABIEL WALLET J 



120 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

[142.] Voted that this Report be Accepted and that the 
Gentlemen the Selectmen be desired to Visit the Publick Schools 
the Year Ensuing & that they Invite such Gentlemen to Accom- 
pany them therein as the} 7 shall think convenient & Report 
thereon. 

The Report of a Committee appointed to Audit the Town Treas- 
urers Accorapts for the Year past, as entred in the Treasurers 
Books Read Accepted, and 

Voted that the Treasurer be (so far) accordingly Discharged. 

Voted that the Sum of Three hundred Pounds old tenor Bills be 
allowed and paid out of the Town Treasury unto the Hon. Joseph 
Wadsworth Esq r . for his Salary as Town Treasurer the Year 
past. 

Voted that the Sum of one hundred pounds old tenor bills be 
allowed and paid out of the Town Treasury unto M r . Abijah Adams 
in full for his Service as Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market for the 
Year 1746. 

M r . David Jenkins chose one of the Clerks of the Market for 

the Year ensuing. 

Mess. Nathaniel Martyn ( 

John Wendell, Ship Chandler ) * 

The Committee appointed to prepare a Draft of a By Law for 
the better Regulation of Funerals now Reported the same as fol- 
lows Viz'. 

For Preventing the Spreading of Infection in Burying Persons 
Dying of Malignant Distempers and Rendering the Attendance of 
the Corps of the Deceased to the Grave less offensive to Paul 
holders and Under bearers. 

And to the Intent there may be stated fixed Prices for digging 
and carrying to the Grave tolling of Bells &c a . 

Therefore Voted that for the future no Person whatsoever shall 
Presume to break up the Ground in any of the Publick Burial 
Places but with the Consent of the Selectmen or the Persons 
[143.] Appointed by the Selectmen to the charge of such 
Burial Place, and for such Prices for opening Tombs and digging 
of Graves as the Selectmen from time to time shall order and 
appoint on Pain of Forfeiting Twenty Shillings for every such 
Offence. 

That for the future every Person djMng within the Town of 
Boston that is not carryed in a coach or by hand shall be carryed 
to the Grave on a Bier to be provided by the Town for that Pur- 
pose, and every under bearer that shall presume otherways to carry 
any Deceased Person or Persons to the Grave each and every of 
them shall forfeit Twent}- shillings for every such Office. 

That no Person shall presume to take the care of or serve as 
under bearers at Funerals within the Town of Boston but such as 
shall be Approved by the Selectmen of the Town on Pain of For- 
feiting the Sum of Twenty shillings for every Offence. 

And all Persons Approved as aforesaid shall duly Attend said 
Business (if required thereto) and shall receive for their service 
such Reward only as shall be ordered by the Selectmen to be paid 
bv the Person or Persons employing them on the Penalty of Twenty 
shillings for every Offence. 



BOSTON TOWN EECOEDS, 1747. 121 

And every under bearer refusing to give his or their Attendance 
as aforesaid or demanding or Receiving for his Fees more than 
shall be ordered as aforesaid shall forfeit and Pay Twenty shil- 
lings. 

That for the Burial of any Person within the Town of Boston 
there shall not be more than the Bells of two Churches toll'd and 
that but twice at each Church on Penalty of Twenty shillings for 
each Bell more that shall be Toled at one and the same Funeral to 
be paid by him that shall order Procure or Tole the same. 

The second or Passing Bell not to exceed one hour and half after 
the first on Penalty aforesaid. 

That any Person demanding or Receiving any more than the 
Selectmen shall allow for twice Tolling said Bell at one Funeral 
shall forfeit the Sum of Twenty shillings. 

All Fines and Forfeitures arising from the Breach of the afore- 
said orders upon Conviction before any Justice of the Peace for the 
County of Suffolk to be to the use of the Poor of the Town of 
Boston. 

The above order or By Law to continue and be in Force till the 
Town shall see cause to Alter the same. 

And after some Debate thereon Voted that the same be accepted 
and that the Gentlemen the Select Men be and they [144.] hereby 
are desired to present said By Law or order for the better Regulat- 
ing of Funerals to the next Court of General Sessions of the Peace 
to be hcli I for the County of Suffolk for their Allowance and 
Approbation. 

Voted that all matters and Things that remain unfinished be 
referr'd over to the next General Town Meeting to be then consid- 
ered of and Acted upon. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be given to the Hon. 
James Allen Esqr. the Moderator of this Meeting for dispatching 
the business thereof. 

Then the Meeting was Dismissed. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston duly qualified and lawfully warned in Public Town Meet- 
ing Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the twenty ninth day of 
June A.D. 1747. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of a Moderator by a handy 
Vote and Abicl Walley Esq r . being Nominated was accordingly 
chosen. 

The Selectmen Communicated to the Town a Letter they received 

from his Excellency Governour Shirley which was Read and is 

in the Words following Vizt. 

To the Selectmen of the Town of Boston, 

Boston June 23 d . 1747. 

Gent" 1 . 

I send You the Inclos'd Extract from Governour 
Knowles Letter, that You may Communicate it to the Town in 

such manner as You shall think proper. And as I have reason 

to Apprehend from Accounts I have receiv'd that the Fuel already 



122 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

bespoke in some Country Places for the Supply of this Town in 
the present Year will be rais'd before the winter [145.] is over to 
a most Excessive Price unless it is prevented by the Importing a 
considerable Quantity of Wood from the Eastern parts which may 
be very Ruinous to the Poor of this Town in particular I would 
recommend it to you to consider of some method for the Encourage- 
ment of bringing in a large Supply of wood from the Eastern parts 
at as moderate a Rate as mav be in which if I can Assist you by 
granting Protection for safe guarding the Men that shall be 
employed in carrying the Wood to the Vessells & loading it on 
board of 'em I shall be very ready to do it, or anything else in my 
Power that may be propos'd to me for the forwarding of this Affair. 
Your most Assured Friend 

and Servant 

W. SHIRLEY. 

The Paragraph of Governour Knowles Letter in Governour Shir- 
leys is as follows Vizt. 

Extract of Governour Knowles's Letter to Governour Shirley 
dated at Annapolis Royal May 25 th . 1747. 

kt I desire you will be pleased to Acquaint the Town of Boston 
that I will order 'cm to be supplyed with Coal without staying 'till 
the Garrison is first provided, beiitg glad of an Opportunity to 
oblige your Excellency, and Serve the Province." 
And after some Debate thereon, 

Voted that John Fayerweather Esq . 
The Hon. James Bowdoin Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Greene 
M r . Thomas Paine 
M r . Joseph Marion 
The Hon. Samuel Welles Esq r . & 
The Hon. Andrew Oliver Esq r . 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to consider what method 
will be most Effectual for the Town to take in order to Supply 
themselves with Cord Wood from the Eastward part of this Prov- 
ince upon the Encouragement given by Govemour Shirley and 
Report hereon to the Town as soon as ma3* be. 

And the said Committee are also desired to draw up a Letter 
[ 146.] Of Thanks to Governour Shirley for the early und sea- 
sonable Care of the Town he has been pleased to take in this 
Affair, and the Readiness he has expressed in this Letter of doing 
every thing in his Power to forward the same, and Report hereon. 
Also Voted that the Gentlemen the Selectmen and the Repre- 
sentatives of the Town be and hereby are appointed A Committee 
to consider what will be the best method for the Town to take in 
order to support themselves with Sea Coal from Cape Breton upon 
the Encouragement given by Governour Knowles and Report 
Jioreon as soon as may be. 

And the said Committee are also desired to draw up a Letter 
of Thanks to Governour Shirley for the Encouragement given in 
his Letter that the Town shall be supplyed with Sea Coal from 
Cape Breton, and the tender Regards he has otherwise Expressed 
for the Town & C*. and Report hereon. 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1747. 123 

Then Voted that this meeting be adjourn'd to Fryday next at 
nine a Clock in the forenoon. 

Fryday July 3 d . 1747, The Town raett according to Adjourn- 
ment. 

The Committee appointed the 29 th . of June last to consider 
what method will be most effectual for the Town to take in order 
to Supply themselves with cord wood from the Eastern parts of 
this Province upon the Encouragement given by Governour Shirley 
and to Prepare a Draft of a letter of Thanks to Goveruour Shirley 
now made Report as follows Viz'. " That they Apprehend it will be 
most Adviseable for the Town to Address his Excellency the 
Governour to put in Execution his kind purposes towards the 
Town as Expressed in his Letter to the Selectmen respecting the 
Protection to the Cutting Carting & Loading the Wood for the 
Inhabitants, and that he would be pleased to give Notice thereof 
in the Publick Prints, which when effected may answer the End 
designed." 

The said Committee also Reported a Draft of a Letter of 
Thanks to his Excellency in the words following Viz*. 

[147.] May it Please Your Excellency, 

The Town of" Boston with great Thankfulness acknowledge 
Your Paternal Care and Goodness in Your Letter of the 23 d . ult. 
to the Selectmen Shewing your concern and desire the Inhabitants 
may be comfortably and Reasonably Supplyed with Fuel. It is 
therefore with a very pleasing hope of Success that we Apply and 
pray Your Excellency to give orders to the Forces Eastward, to 
guard the People in cutting wood and carting it to the several 
Landings and the Coasters in Loading it, and if Your Excellency 
thinks proper we farther Pray that it may be Publisht in the weekly 
Prints, that Your Excellency has given such orders that those who 
cutt the Wood and the Coasters and carters may carefully engage 
in their respective Business being Assured of Protection therein. 

We gratefully acknowledge Your kind and generous Proposal as 
an Addition to the many Obligations we are under to pray and En- 
deavour that Your Administration may be as easy to Your Excel- 
lency as it is beneficial and agreeable to us. 

Which being Read, it was thereupon unanimously Voted that the 
same be Accepted, and that a fair Copy thereof be prepared and 
Signed by the Town Clerk, and that, 

The Hon. Edward Hutchinson Esq r . 
John Osborne Esq r . 
Joseph Wadsworth Esq r . 
Ezekiel Lewis Esq r . 
The Representatives and the 
Selectmen of the Town & 
M r . Edward Bromfield. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to wait upon his Excel- 
lency Governour Shirley with the same and present it in the Name 
of the Town. 

The Committee appointed the 29 th . of June last to consider what 
Method will be best for the Town to take in order to Supply them' 



124 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

selves with Sea Coal from Cape Breton upon the Encouragement 
given by Governonr Knowles, Reported that they are of Opinion 
that it will by no ways be for the Benefit of the Town for them 
to hire Vessels to fetch Coal from Louisbourg but that the Trade 
be left open between that [148.] Place and this whereby they 
Apprehend this Town will in time be supplyed at an easy Rate. 
And in order to effect the same have drawn up a Letter of 
Thanks to G-overnour Knowles to be forwarded to him by the first 
Opportunity and they Apprehend it will be a means of Removing 
any difficulty the masters of Vessels ma}* meet with in loading 
their Vessel!^ with Coal if the Selectmen will give such as go to 
Louisbourg a Letter to Governour Knowles desiring his favour 
and Assistance to 'em therein. Voted that the same be Accepted 
and that fair Cop}*s of said Letter of Thanks be prepared and 
Signed by the Selectmen, and forwarded to Governour Knowles as 
soon as may be. 

The Letter prepared by the Committee is as follows Viz'. 

Boston July 3, 1747. 

S r . 

His Excellency Governour Shirley has Communicated to the 
Town Extract of a Letter from Your Excellency, wherein You 
desire that he will be pleased to Acquaint that You should Order 
them to be supplyed with Coal without staying till the Garrison at 
Louisbourg was first provided, This Repeated Expression and 
Proof of your favourable Regards for this Town and Province 
require a repeated acknowledgement and we take this Opportunity 
in behalf of the Town and pursuant to their unanimous Vote this 
Day pass'd to Render our hearty thanks to Your Excellency for 
the same, and to desire Your Excellency's good Will and Affec- 
tionate Regards towards us. 

Then the Meeting was Dismissed 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly Qualified and lawfully warned in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the first day of 
September A.D. 1747. 

The warrant for calling the meeting Read. 

[149.] Voted that a Moderator be choose by a handy Vote 
and John Steel Elsq r . being Nominated was unanimously chosen. 

It being Suggested by many of the Inhabitants that the Bells at 
the North part of the Town has not been Rung this Day for the 
Notification of the Inhabitants to Attend this Meeting as has been 
usual, It was moved and Seconded by several that this meeting be 
therefore immediately Adjourned to three a Clock this Afternoon 
and Orders given by the Selectmen that the Bells be rung through- 
out the Town, and the Question being put It was accordingly Voted 
in the Affirmative. 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourn'd to that time. 

Three o'Clock in the Afternoon, The Town met according to 
Adjournment. 

And Entred upon the consideration of Faneuil Hall Market as 
to opening the same after the second Tuesday of September instant 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1747. 125 

and after a considerable Debate thereon, It was Voted that said 
Market be not again opened until after the third Tuesday of March 
next, any By Law or order of the Town to the contrary notwith- 
standing. 

The Town considered of the Request of several of the Inhabit- 
ants that the head of the Town Dock or so much thereof as may be 
thought proper be filled up and after some Debate thereon, It was 
Voted that the Selectmen be and they hereby are desired and Im- 
powered to fill up the head of said Dock from the Corner of the 
Towns Wharffe as far as the Bend of M r . Anstrams Wharffe as soon 
as may be provided it does not incroach upon the Right or Liberty 
of any Private Persons. 

The Affair of Olivers Bridge as to making some Alterations there 
was Considered of and Voted that the same be Dismissed. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a weigher of 
Hay at their Engine at the South end and upon Sorting the same 
it Appeared that M r . John Wardell was chose into that Place. 

Voted that the Selectmen for the time being make such an 
Allowance to said Wardell for his Service in said Place as they 
shall [15O.] think just and proper. 

Voted that the Selectmen be a Committee to prepare a Draft of 
a By Law for the Regulating the Towns Engine Erected at the 
South End for the weighing of Hay brought to Market and Report 
hereon at the intended Adjournment of this Meeting. 

The Selectmen appointed a Committee the twelfth of May last 
to consider of the Petition of M r . Joseph Hubbard, Reported that 
they had Viewed the Premisses therein mentioned, and heard the 
Petitioner upon his Petition and Apprehend it will not be for the 
Advantage of the Town to Grant him the Prayer thereof, which 
being read Voted that said Report be Accepted and said Petition 
dismissed. 

The Committee appointed the twelfth of May last, to consider 
of the Petition of Samuel Bass and Kezia Harvey praying the 
Town would Sell them a Peice of Land in Water Street, now 
Reported that they had Viewed the premisses mentioned in said 
Petition and fully considered of the Prayer thereof, and apprehend 
it will be more for the Benefit of the Town to Sell the same to such 
person or Persons as will give most for it than to improve it any 
longer in the manner it now is, which being Read Voted that 
said Report be Accepted, and that said Committee be desired to 
enquire of the Petitioners what Sum of Money they will give for 
the same, and Report hereon as soon as may be. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesday the fifteenth 
day of September instant at three a Clock P.M. 

Tuesday the Fifteenth day of September three o'Clock P.M. the 
Town met according to their Adjournment, and upon a Motion 
made and Seconded, It was Voted that this Meeting be immediately 
Adjourned to Wednesday the 30 th . Inst. at four a Clock P.M. 

Wednesday the thirtyeth day of September 1747. at four a 
Clock in the Afternoon, the Town met according to Adjournment. 



126 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

[151.] And the Selectmen a Committee appointed the first 
Instant to prepare a Draft of a By Law for the Regulation of the 
Towns Engine Erected at the South end for the weighing of Hay 
brought to Market Now Reported their Draft of the same which is 
as follows Viz 1 . 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly Qualified and lawfully warned in Publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the first 
day of September Anno Domini 1747 and from thence continued 
by several Adjournments until Wednesday the 30 th . day of th 
same month and then mett. 

Whereas the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston have heretofore 
Laboured under Difficulty's and hardships in respect of the weight 
of Hay brought to market by reason whereof Disputes have often 
arisen between the Buyer and Seller, and as a Remedy therefor 
for the future an Engine at the Southend of the Town convenient 
for weighing of Hay has been latety Erected by the Town. 

Its therefore Ordered. 

That from and after the first day of November next, all Carls 
and other Carriages of Hay as they come into Town shall be 
weighed at said Engine, and a Certificate of the weight of the Cart 
and Hay be then given, and the Cart or Carriage upon its Return 
be Taxed, and the weight thereof Markt on it, 

That a suitable person be appointed by the Selectmen for the 
time being for such Term of Time as they shall think convenient 
to take care that the said Engine be kept in good Repair and to 
See the weight of all Hay thus brought to Market and give Certifi- 
cates of the same, and mark the carriages on their Return as 
aforesaid, and that the said Person shall be under Oath to do 
Justice between Buyer & Seller, and attend on each day of the 
week except Lords Days from Sunrising to Sunsetting and make an 
Entry in a Book he shall keep for that Purpose of all the Hay he 
weighs, and that he have such an allowance for his Service as 
the said Selectmen for the time being shall think reasonable. 

That there be allowed and Paid for every Load of Hay so 
weighed one Penny in Bills of the last Emission for each Hundred 
of Hay by the Person who Buys the same, & in case of his absence 
at the time of weighing then to be paid by the Importer who shall 
1)6 Reimbnrs'd by the Buyer. 

That if any Person Inhabitant of the Town of Boston aforesaid 
[153.] shall after the said first day of November buy or receive 
either by him or herself or Servant or any other Person under him 
or her, any Hay thus brought to market without the same be first 
weighed as aforesaid he or she shall forfeit and Pay the Sum of 
Twenty shillings for every Load or Parcel so bought or received as 
aforesaid. 

The aforegoing By Law having been read three several times It 
was Voted that the same be Accepted and that the Selectmen be 
and they hereby are desired to present it to the next Court of 
General Sessions of the Peace to be held for the County of Suffolk 
for their Approbation and Allowance. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1747. 127 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly Qualified and lawfull}' warned in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Fancuil Hall on Fryday the Twentyeth day 
of November A.D. 1747. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting. Read. 

The Hon ble . Edward Hutchinson Esq r . was chosen Moderator. 

Whereas great Disorders for several days past have been com- 
mitted within this Town and Insults and Abuses offered to his 
Excellency the Governour and the Hon ble . His Majesty s Council 
when sitting by a Number chiefly Strangers) who this week As- 
sembled together and Committed great outrages and Disorders 
putting the Inhabitants of the Town in great Terror of their Lives 
&c*. the Inhabitants now Assembled together in order to consider 
what is necessary for them to do to Evidence their Disavowing and 
Detestation of this unjustifiable Affair and after some Debate 
thereon, Voted that a Committee be chose to prepare a Vote proper 
for the Town to Pass concerning the same, and that 

[153.] The Hon ble . Samuel Welles Esq r . 
The Hon. Tho 8 . Hutchinson Esq r . 
The Hon. Andrew Oliver Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Greene & 
M r . Josiah Quincy, 

be the Committee for that Purpose, who are desired to withdraw 
to the Selectmens Chamber and Report as soon as may be, the 
said Committee withdrew and about an hours time returned into 
the meeting with the following Draft of a Vote, which was Read 
Accepted and accordingly Voted Viz'. 

It being Represented that the Town had been charged or the 
generality of the Inhabitants with Abetting or Encouraging the 
late Tumultuous Riotous Assembly which Insulted his Excellency 
the Governour and the other Branches of the Legislature, and 
committed many other heineous offences, Resolved as the unanimous 
opinion of the Town in this large Meeting of the Inhabitants, That 
the said Riotous Tumultuous Assembly consisted of Foreign Sea- 
men, Servants Negroes and other Persons of mean and Vile Con- 
dition, that this Town have the utmost Abhorence of such Illegal 
Criminal Proceedings and will to their utmost Discountenance and 
Suppress the same, and will at the same time encourage by all ways 
and means whatsoever any of their Inhabitants in making a Reg- 
ular orderly Application to the proper Power for redressing all and 
every Grievance which the Town is under from the Impressing of 
their Inhabitants on Board his Majesty s Ships of War which may 
have occasioned the said Tumultuous disorderly Assembling. 

Also unanimously Voted that the Town Clerk prepare fair Copys 
of this Vote or Resolution of the Town, and that the Hon. Edward 
Hutchiuson Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting and the Select- 
men of the Town be and hereby are appointed a Committee to 
wait upon his Excellency Governour Shirley The Hon ble . His Maj- 
esty's Council and the Hon ble . House of Representatives, and in 
the Name of the Town present 'em with the same. 

Then the Meeting was Dismissed. 



128 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

[154.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly Qualified and lawfully warned 
in Publick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fryday 
the Eighteenth da} r of December A.D. 1747. 
The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 
The Town proceeded to choose a Moderator by a written Vote 
and they being brought in and Sorted it Appeared that the Hon b!e . 
James Allen Esq r . was Chosen. 

The Town proceeded to take into consideration the Petition of a 
Number of Inhabitants setting forth, That it is with uncommon 
concern they observe in the post 603* of the 14 th . Instant two 
Letters from his Excellency the Governour to M r . Secretary Wil- 
lard, wherein are some Paragraphs which have a tendency to put 
the Town in a disadvantageous light with his Majesty, notwith- 
standing the repeated Instances at all times shewn by her Inhabi- 
tants that they Apprehend the Inhabitants are greatly Affected in 
their Characters by these Letters, praying the Town would consult 
upon proper measures to Vindicate their Injur'd Characters and 
secure their Invaluable Priviledges, and after a very long Debate 
thereon It was Voted that a Committee be raised for that Pur- 
pose and that said Committee consist of five Persons and be choose 
by a written Vote and the Votes being brought in and Sort'd it 
appeared that. 

Abiel Walley Esq r . 

M r . Jeremiah Allen 

M r . Josiah Quincy 

M r . Thomas Paine & 

M r . Harrison Gray 

were Chose to be said Committee, and they are desired to make 
Report hereon at the intended Adjournment of this Meeting. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to Thursday [155.] The 
Twenty fourth Instant at three o'Clock Afternoon. 

Thursday the Twenty fourth of December, three o'Clock in the 
Afternoon. The Town met according to their Adjournment. 

The Committee appointed the Eighteenth Instant to consider 
what Methods are necessary to be taken by the Town to Vindicate 
their Injured Characters & Secure their Invaluable Priviledges, 
now Reported what they Apprehend ought to be done thereupon, 
which was Read and is on file and after a very long debate had on 
said Report, It was Voted that the same be referr'd at the Ad- 
journment of this Meeting for consideration, and that said Report 
be lodged with the Town Clerk for the Perusal of the Inhabitants 
that shall desire it. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesday the Twenty 
ninth Instant at nine o Clock in the Forenoon. 

Tuesday the Twenty ninth of December, nine a Clock in the 
Forenoon. The Town met according to their Adjournment. 

And it being moved and seconded that the Report of the Com- 
mittee made the 24 th . Instant may be Recommitted to the same 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1747. 129 

Gentlemen for Amendment a long Debate was had thereon, and it 
was. 

Voted that said Report shall not be Recommitted to said Com- 
mittee. 

And then it was Moved and Seconded and accordingly the 
Question was put? Whether the said Report of the Committee be 
Accepted. 

And it pass'd in the Negative by a very great Majority. 

Voted that said Report be Dismissed. 

And then it was moved and Voted that Thomas Hubbard Esq r . 
The Hon ble . Thomas Hutchinson Esq r . M r . Edward Bromfield, The 
Hon ble . Andrew Oliver Esq r . and M r . Josiah Quincy be a committee 
to draw up a Petition to his Excellency the Governour desiring that 
lie will be pleased to consider the Disadvantageous light he has set 
the Town in to the World by the Publication of his two Letters in 
.the Boston Weekly Post Boy of the 14 th . Instant, and that he would 
use his Endeavours to Remove the same and Report their Draft 
thereof this Afternoon, 

Voted That this Meeting be Adjourned to four o'Clock P.M. 
156.] to Receive the Report of said Committee. 

At four a Clock in the Afternoon the Town met according to 
their Adjournment. and 

The Committee appointed in the forenoon to prepare a Petition to 
the Governour now Reported a Draft of the same which was Read 
and is as follows Viz*. 

May it Please Your Excellency. 

The Inhabitants of the Town of Boston Assembled in General 
Town Meeting, Apprehending Their Character & Reputation 
greatly Affected by the Publication of two Letters in the Post Boy 
of the 13 th Instant, Signed by Your Excellency dated at Castle 
William and directed to the Secretary of the Province, beg leave to 
lay this their Humble Representation of the Affair those Letters 
relate to so far as Respects this Town before Your Excellency. 

It having been reported that the Town of Boston or the Inhabi- 
tants in general, had Abetted and Encouraged the Riotors who In- 
sulted Your Excellency and the General Court, and who Committed 
many other heinous offences ; the said Inhabitants as soon as they 
could do, Assembled in Town Meeting, and notwithstanding it Ap- 
peared that the Rights and privileges of the Town have been invaded 
by the unwarrantable Impress that has been made of several cf their 
Inhabitants, Yet being always sensible that this was by no means 
sufficient to Justify the great disorders that were consequent there- 
upon, They unanimously pass'd such a Vote as Vindicated the Town 
from the charge made against them, and a Committee of the Town 
waited upon Your Excellency at the Castle with a Copy of the Vote, 
and You werepleas'd very favourably to Receive the same, and to 
Express Your Satisfaction therein ; and as a further Proof of the 
desire of the Inhabitants to Remove all Pretence for this Imputation 
a greater Number of them Appeared in Arms to Attend Your Ex- 
cellency on your Return to Town., than has been known in any 
Regimental Muster, for diverse Years past. 

Notwithstanding which the Two Letters aforesaid wrote as Ap- 
pears [15 7.] by the Dates, before the time of Passing this Vote 



130 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

and of the other proceedings of the Town, were more than three 
weeks after made Publick, and the Town as We Apprehend was 
thereby represented in a light very much to their Disadvantage, and 
altho the further Account of the Riot, and the proceedings there- 
upon as Published in the weekly News Letter of the Seventeenth 
Instant tends to clear up the Character and Reputation of the Town 
Yet as it must be presumed that these Letters were Published by 
Your Excellency's order, and the other Account does not appear 
to have been so, it cannot be conceived sufficient to Remove any 
Impressions which the Publishing of said Letters may have made 
against the Town. 

Wherefore from a just concern that all the Actions of the Town 
may be fairly Represented and that the Character of the Town as 
loyal and Dutiful may always be preserved, the Inhabitants lay 
this State of their case before Your Excellency praying Your con- 
sideration of the same and that they may receive such Redress as 
that the Character of the Town may be made to appear to the world 
in a favourable light as if the Letters aforesaid had never been Pub- 
lished. 

Boston Decem r 29 th 1747. 

Thereupon it was unanimously Voted that the same be Accepted, 
& that said Committee immediately wait upon his Excellency 
with a fair Copy thereof and Report to the Town his Excellency^ 
Answer which they accordingly did, and Reported that his Excel- 
lency was pleas'd to give the following Answer in writing Viz 1 . 

Gentlemen, 

In Answer to Your Petition I must in the first 
Place say that I am sorry for the Occasion I had to write the two 
Letters to M r . Secretary Willard, which You refer to. 

As to the Publication of 'em since I find it has given a general 
Concern to the Town, I most readily take this Opportunity to As- 
sure You that it did not in the least proceed from an inclination to 
prejudice the Carecter and Reputation of the Inhabitants, but was 
wholly occasioned by an insinuation in a late Pamphlet, which 
appeared to me to have a tendency to set part of my own Conduct 
upon that Occasion in a wrong light ; and which I apprehended my 
Publication of those two Letters would Vindicate it from, and I 
can't but hope that my acquainting you that the Account of Your 
Proceedings on Fryday the 20 th of November in a Town Meeting 
at Faneuil Hall and [158.] On the Day following, were Published 
by my directions in the weekly News Letter of the 17 th . Instant, 
will be sufficient to Show that I had no desire to Represent the Be- 
haviour of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, in a disadvan- 
tageous light and consequently remove all concern which may have 
occasioned by the publication of my Letters three days before, 
especially when I declare to yon that this Affair appears to me in 
a favourable light. 

Boston Decem r . 29. 1747. W. SHIRLEY. 

After Reading the same It was unanimously Voted that his 
Excellencys Answer to said Petition is fully Satisfactory to the 
Town. 

Also Voted that the Thanks of the Town be given to his Excel- 
lency for his Answer to their Petition, and that the Hon. James 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1747. 131 

Allen Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting, the above named 
Committee and the Selectmen of the Town be a Committee to wait 
upon his Excellency, and Return him the Thanks of the Town 
accordingly. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly Qualified and lawfully Warned in Public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the four- 
teenth day of March, A.D. 1747. 

Prayer being made by the Rev d . M r . Samuel Cooper. 
The Warrant for calling the Meeting. Read. 
Sundry Laws. Read. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to the Choice of a Moderator (by a 
written Vote) and upon Collecting the Votes it Appeared that the 
Hon. Thomas Hutchinson Esq r . was chose. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait was unanimously chose Town Clerk for the 
Year Ensuing & Sworn by the Hon. Edward Hutchinson Esq r . 

[159.] Voted to proceed to the Choice of seven Selectmen, and 
the Votes being accordingly brought in, the Select Men declared 
there was '224 Voters but upon Sorting 'em there Appeared there 
was was 226 Votes for one Gentleman and 229 for another, it was 
thereupon determined by the Town that the choice was not legal 
aud the Inhabitants agreed and Voted that this Meeting be Ad- 
journ'd to three o'Clock in the Afternoon, then to proceed to the 
Choice. of seven Select Men. 

And the Meeting was Adjourn'd to that time accordingly. 
Three o'Clock Afternoon, The Town mett according to Adjour- 
ment. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for seven Selectmen and 
upon Sorting the same it Appeared that the following Gentlemen 
were Chose Viz'. 

Thomas Hancock Esq r . 
M r . Middlecott Cooke 
John Steel Esq r . 
Cap'. William Salter 
M r . John Tyng 
M r . Samuel Grant 
M r . Thomas Hill 

The following Gentlemen were chose overseers of the Poor for 
the Year ensuing Viz*. 

The Hon. Jacob Wendell Esq*. 
William Tyler Esq r . 
Col. John Hill 
Tho'. Hubbard Esq r . 
Daniel Henchman Esq*. 
M r . Edward Bromfield 
Col. William Downe 
Andrew Oliver Esq r . 
John Phillips Esq r . 
M r . Isaac Walker 
M r . Ebenezer Storer 
M r . John Barrett 



132 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted that the Thanks of 
the Town [16O.] be and hereby is given to M r . Jeremiah Belknap 
for the Service done by him as oue of the Select Men the Year past. 
Voted that the Town enter upon the Consideration of that Article 
in the Warrant, to determine upon some effectual Method to pre- 
vent the Pernicious Practice of forestalling the Market and the 
exorbitant Demand of Country Butchers & others in the Price of 
Provisions & whether Faneuil Hall Market shall continue shutt up 
after the third Tuesday of March instant, to Morrow at Eleven 

o'Clock in the forenoon, Also Voted that the Town proceed 

to the Choice of a County Treasurer the same time. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Town Treasurer, 
and they being Collected and Sorted, it appeared that the Hon. 
Joseph Wadsworth Esq r . was Chose by a great Majority, & Sworn. 
Voted that the Town enter upon the Consideration of the Choice 
of Collectors tomorrow at ten o'Clock in the forenoon. 
Mess. Richard Buckley Sworn 

Jacob Parker Sworn 

Joshua Blanchard Sworn 

Nathaniel Barber Sworn V Assessors 

William Fairfield Sworn 

Cap'. Daniel Pecker Sworn 
Cap'. John Goldthwait Sworn J 
were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to Tomorrow, nine o'Clock 
in the forenoon. 

Tuesday Morning, Nine o'Clock, Town being met according to 
Adjournment. 

Mess. Nathaniel Hodgdon 
Josiah Cartel- 
John Allen \- Sealers of Leather. 
James Dawson 
Thomas Hase 
were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 
[161.] Mess". William Moore "\ 
William Russell Sworn 

Benjamin Russell Sworn ^ T7 . 

T J m-i o r Fence Viewers. 

James Tilestone Sworn [ 

Onesiph , , Tilestone Sworn 
James Barnard 
M r . John Gray, Surveyor of Hemp. Sworn. 

Mess. David Colson jun r . Sworn ) T r 

-r, . . T j > Informers of Deer 

Benjamin Harrod Sworn j 

M*. Nathaniel Band was chosen Hay ward for the Year ensuing. 

The Selectmen, were chosen Surveyors of Highways, for the 

Year ensuing. 

Mess. William Hall Pay 

Joseph Treat Sworn 
William Winter Excus'd } Hogreeves. 
Thomas Lawlor Sworn 
Holmes Simpson 
were chosen Hogreevea for the Year ensuing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1747. 



133 



y Cullers of Staves. 



Mess. Isaac Fowle 

Benjamin Ballard Sworne 
Harvey Thomas Sworne 
Benjamin Sault 
Joseph Dyer Sworn 

Benjamin Barnard 
Peter Cotta 
Thomas Sergeant 
John Hobbs 
Joseph Savel jun r . 
Sendall Williams Excus'd 
were chosen Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing. 

John Phillips Esq r . 

John Hill Esq r . 

Cap'. John Carnes 
[162.] Cap 4 . Isaac White 

Cap*. Joseph Russell 

Cap'. Henry Berrj' 

M r . Joseph Jackson 

M r . James Day 

M r . Robert Breck 

M r . John Scolley 

were chosen Firewards the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Isaac Vergoose ") 
William Payne 
Edward Moberley 
James Barnard 
Thomas Warden 
Andrew Symms 
John Grant 
William Browne 
Josiah Waters 
William Nichols 
were chosen Viewers of Boards Shingles &C 



> Firewards. 



Mess. Nathaniel Thayer 
Thomas Baxter 
Timothy Newell 
Samuel Adams 
Benjamin Russell 
Malachy Salter 
John Edwards 
Samuel Gerrish 
Cap'. Solomon Davis 
John Kneeland j r . 
Isaac Smith 
John Ridgaway 
Seth Coburne 
Daniel Marsh 
John Dixwell 
Aaron Boardman 


Excus'd. 
Excus'd. 
Sworn. 
Sworn. 
Excus'd. 

Sworn. 
Excus'd. 

Sworn 
Sworn. 
Sworn. 
Sworn. 
Excus'd. 
Sworn. 
Sworn 



> Viewers of Boards. Shingles &C*. 



for the Year ensuing. 



Clerks of the Market. 



Oxenbridge Thacher j r . Sworn 
were chosen Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 



134 . CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

[163.] The Town Entred upon the Consideration of the 
Choice of Collectors of Taxes distinct from Constables, and alter 

some Debate thereon, Voted that the Town will not choose 

Collectors of Taxes distinct from Constables. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded It was Voted that Collectors 
of Taxes be chose distinct from Constables the above Vote not- 
withstanding. 

Voted that any Person chose into the Office of a constable for 
the Year Ensuing be Excused from serving provided he pay the 
sum of Twenty Pounds old tenor bills. 
Mess. Thomas Cushing Pay. 

Nathaniel Wheelwrigbt Excus'd. 
Samuel Gerrish Pay'dinl743. 

John Dixwell Excus'd. 

Joseph Scott jun r . Pay. 



Joshua Blanchard jun r . Pay. 



Constables. 



William Dennie Pay. | 

David Jenkins Excus'd. 

Timothy Newell Excus'd. 

Henry Johnson. Pay. 

James Perkins Paid in 1743. 

Thomas Boylestone Merch'. Pa}-, 
were Chosen Constables the Year ensuing. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes fora County Treas- 
urer, which being Collected were according to Law Sealed up by 
Constable Bell to be by him kept and Returned to the next Quarter 
Sessions for this County. 
Mess r> . Thomas Johnson Pay. 
Nathaniel Proctor Sworn. 
William Lowder Excus'd. i r < 
Thomas Ethridge Sworn. Constables. 
William Muckelroy Sworn. 
John Cotton Excus'd. 

were Chosen Constables the Year ensuing. 
Adjourn'd to 3 o' Clock in the Afternoon. 

[164.] Three o' Clock, .Afternoon, The Town being mett 
according to Adjournment. 

The Petition of M r . John Lovell Master of the South Grammer 
School praying for an Addition to his Salary, now came under 
Consideration, and after some Debate thereon, It was Voted that 
the sum of Two hundred Pounds old tenor bills, be Added to M r . 
Levels Salary to commence from the last Quarter, & Continue for 
one Year. 

Also Voted that the sum of Two hundred Pounds old tenor bills 
be allowed and paid out of the To'wn Treasury unto M r . John 
Lovell in consideration of his extraordinary charge for two Years 
past. 

The Petition of M r . Peleg Wiswall, Master of the North 
Gramer School praying for an Addition to his Salary now 
came under consideration, and after some Debate thereon, It 

was. 

Voted that the sum of Two hundred Pounds old tenor be 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1747. 135 

Added to M r . Wiswalls Salary to commence from the last Quarter 
and to continue for one year. And also that the Sum of Seventy 
pounds old tenor bills be allowed and paid out of the Town Treas- 
ury unto M r . Wiswall for Paying his House Rent for one Year. 

Also Voted that the sum of Two hundred Pounds old tenor 
Bills be allowed and paid out of the Town Treasury unto M r . 
Peleg Wiswall, in consideration of his extraordinary Charge for 
two Years past. 

The Town Entred into the consideration of that article in the 
Warrant Viz 1 . Whether Faneuil hall Market shall continue shutt 
up after the third Tuesday of March instant, and what is necessary 
to be further done for the better Regulation thereof, and also 
what method the Town shall take to prevent the pernicious Prac- 
tice of forestalling the Market, & the exorbitant demand of Country 
Butchers and others in the Price of Provisions ; and after some 
Debate thereon, It was Voted, that. 

[165.] The Hon. Andrew Oliver Esq r . 
The Hon. Samuel Welles Esq r . 

Benjamin Faneuil Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Greene 
The Hon. Jacob Wendell Esq T . 
M r . Isaac Walker 
M r . Jacob Parker 
M r . Benjamin Pratt 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to take the Premisses 
into Consideration & Report to the Town at the Adjournment of 
this Meeting what is best for the Town to do thereupon, Also 
Voted that Faneuil Hall Market continue Shut up until said Ad- 
journment. 

Voted that The Hon. Samuel Welles Esq r . ^ 

M r . John Smibert [ r 

M'. Jonathan Williams & 
Cap'. William Salter J 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to consider what will 
be most for the Advantage of the Town to do with the Dirt in 
the Streets and Report thereon at the Adjournment of this Meet- 
ing- 
Voted that the Money now lying in the Treasury receiv'd for 
Quit Rents be Added to the Towns Present Stock for Purchasing 
Grain, and also that such a further Sum beRais'd and paid out of 
the Treasury as shall make said Stock, Three Thousand Pounds 
old tenor in the whole. 

The Petition of the Minister, Church Wardens & Vestry of 
Kings Chappel in Boston, in behalf of themselves, and the Con- 
gregation that usually Attend the Publick Worship of God there, 
Setting forth that said Chappel which has been constantly Im- 
proved for the Public Worship of God for about Sixty Years past 
is in many parts of it Rotten and greatly decayed, and almost 
rendered unfit for that Service [166.] any longer, and said 
Congregation out of Regard to the Honour of God and for their 
o\vn Edification being very desirous that the Publick worship of 
God should be still supported and carryed on in said Place have 



136 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

determin'd to Rebuild said Charg, and make it some what larger 
and more Commodious than it now is, but apprehend they shall be 
greatly Streightened for want of a little Ground at the East End 
of said Church that leads into the Burial place, the Pet, pray the 
Town will be pleas'd to Grant to said Church so much of their 
Land Eastward as will make the same Regular & Commodious, or 
if the Town think best, that they would Appoint a Committee to 
consider of this Petition, View the premisses & Report to the 
Town what is best to be done as to granting the Prayer thereof, 

was Read. And after some Debate thereon, It was Voted 

that the Hon ble . Andrew Oliver Esq r . Thomas Hancock Esq r . M r . 
Jeremiah Allen, M r . Middlecott Cooke, the Hon. Jacob Wendell 
Esq r . M r . Thomas Greene, & M r . John Tyng be & hereby they 
are appointed a Committee to consider of said Petition, View the 
Premisses, Consider the Circumstances of the same and Report to 
the Town at the Adjournment of this Meeting whether it will be 
best for the Town to Grant the Prayer thereof. 

Mess. Joshua Blanchard, Daniel Pecker & William Fair-field a 
Committee appointed the first day of September last to Enquire of 
Samuel Bass & Kezia Harvey the most they will give for a Peice 
of Land they Petitioned the Town to Sell 'em in Water Street 
with a Shop and Buildings thereon, now Reported that they had 
met said Bass and Harvey & Conferr'd with 'em as to the consid- 
eration Money of said Land and they offer to give five hundred 
Pounds old tenor Bills for the same but the Town Apprehending 
that Sum to be much less than the Value of said Land, It was 
Moved & Voted that the Select Men be and they hereby are fully 
Authorized and Impowered to make Sale of said Land and Build- 
ings thereon, or so much thereof as they Apprehend may be for 
the Convenience of the Town to such Person or Persons as will 
give most for the same the said Selectmen to give Public Notice 
of such Sale in the News papers a Suitable time before they shall 
dispose thereof and to give and pass a good & Sufficient F167.] 
Deed or Deeds in the Law for the same. 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourn'd till tomorrow nine o'Clock 
in the forenoon. 



Wednesday March 16 th . 1747 Nine o'Clock in the forenoon, The 
Town being met according to Adjournment. 

Mess. John Southack Sworne 

William Young Excus'd 

William Nichols Sworne 

Robert Ford Sworne f Constables. 

John Symmes Excus'd 

Ellis Bennett Excus'd 

were Chosen Constables the Year ensuing. 

It was Moved That M r . Nichols a constable now chose, serv'd 
in that Office, the last Year, and it was doubted whether he could 
by Law serve again, and after some Debate thereon, It was Voted 
by the Town that they Apprehend it not to be against Law, 
for any person chosen into the Office of Constable to serve 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1747. 137 

again within Seven Years provided such person consents to the 
same. 

Mess. Thomas Foster jun r . . Sworn ) . Masters 

David Cutler .... Sworn } Assay J 
were chosen Assay Masters the Year ensuing. 

The Selectmens Report on the Account of M r . John Fenno 
Keeper of the Grainary for the Year past as Entred in his Book 
(and on File in the Town Clerks Office) Read & Voted that the 
said Report be Accepted, & accordingly that M r . John Fenno be 
farther accountable to the Town for sixty two bushels Rye unsold 
at 33/ p Bushel, one hundred & two pounds six shillings, & Cash 
in his hands, Nine hundred & Sixty one pounds seven Shillings & 
four pence, amounting in the whole to One Thousand & Sixty 
three pounds thirteen Shillings & four pence old tenor, all which 
remains in his hands, exclusive of his Salary being One hundred 
pounds, & Thirty pounds, allowed him for Assistance, to the third 
instant 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Committee to purchase 
Grain, & it appeared that. 

[168.] Mess". Robert Watt ~) ACom*forPurchxs- 

Samuel Bridgham 
Joseph Jackson Hatter ) 
were chosen a Committee for Purchasing Grain the Year ensuing. 

The said Committee are desired and impowered to give all need- 
ful direction to the keeper of the Granary respecting the Quantitys 
of Grain to be sold & setling the Price thereof from time to time 
as occasion shall require. 

Also Voted that the said Committee be and hereby are fully im- 
powered to borrow of any Gentlemen such Sum or Sums of Money 
as they shall want for the Purchasing of Grain when they Appre- 
hend it for the Advantage of the Town until they receive it out of 
the Treasury the sum Voted at this Meeting to be Added to the 
Stock for Purchasing Grain, the said Committee not to borrow 
more than with what they already have shall exceed the Capital 
Stock of Three Thousand Pounds old tenor bills. 

The Petition of Thomas Johnson praying for Liberty to Build a 
Shop on the North Side of Faneuil Hall Market was Read, and 
after some Debate thereon, A Question was put, whether the 
Prayer of the Petition be Granted and it pass'd in the Negative, 
and that the same be dismissed. 

The Petition of William Daws praying for Liberty to Erect a 

Shop on the Towns land at the head of the Dock. was Read. 

and thereupon Voted that the Gentlemen the Select Men be 

and hereby are appointed a Com tee . to consider of said Petition, 
View the Premisses, and Report what they Apprehend it will be 
best for the Town to do as to Granting the Prayer thereof. 

Voted that Col. John Hill Cap'. John Indicott and M r . Joshua 
Blanchard be a committee to Enquire after some Suitable Peice 
of Ground at the South End for a Burial place and Report thereon 
at the Adjournment of this Meeting. 

Voted that the Assessors be allowed to set upon Abatements of 
Taxes until the first day of June next and no longer. 

It was Moved that the Assessors may have Liberty to sitt upon 



138 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

the Abatement of the Taxes of all such Persons as are at Sea, or 
out of the Province and shall continue so till after the first of June 
next till some time in the month of November next, and thereupon 
it was Voted that the Assessors be allowed to sitt the last week in 
November next upon the [169.] Abatement of the Taxes of such 
persons accordingly. 

Voted that the Town proceed to the Choice of Six Collectors of 
the Taxes for the Year ensuing. 

Voted that no Person shall be now choose into said office that 
has heretofore Served in it, and has not paid to the several Treas- 
urys the full Sum he was obliged to pay 'em and can produce 
their Receipts in full for the Year 1746. 
Mess. Benjamin Edwards 
William Larrabee 
John Grant n 

John Ruddock 1 Collectors of Taxes. 

John Welch 
Hopestill Foster 

Voted that nine pence on the pound be and hereby is allowed to 
be paid to the Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing on all such 
Sums as they shall Collect, provided they pay unto the Town 
Treasurer one half part of the whole Sum they shall be obliged to 
pay him within three months from the time they shall receive the 
Tax Books from the Assessors, and the other hnlf part in three 
months, and also pay to the province and County Treasurers one 
half part of the whole sums they shall be obliged to pay 'em in 
Six months from the time the.y shall Receive said Books from the 
Assessors, and the other half part in Six Months after, and in 
Case either of said Collectors shall fail paying the said Treasurers 
in the above manner, the Collector so failing shall not be intitled 
to the aforesaid allowance of nine pence on the Pound for Collect- 
ing but wholly forfeit the same provided also that the si id Col- 
lectors give Bond with Sufficient Suretys to the Satisfaction of 
the Selectmen for the faithful Discharge of their Duty in said 
Office. 

The Petition of Samuel Hunstable praying an allowance may be 
m-tde him for Ringing the Bell of the Meeting house at the \ve.st- 
erly part of the Town at the Hours of nine and one o Clock for one 
Year, and five o'Clock for Six Months past was now considered of, 
and thereupon it was Voted that the Selectmen be and hereby are 
Impowered to make such an Allowance to said Samuel II unstable 
[17O.] for Ringing said Bell at the above hours as the other Bell 
Ringers of the Town have made 'em, Also Voted that sairl Bell be 
rung at the hours of five and Eleven o'Clock in the forenoon, and 
one and nine o'Clock in the afternoon, until the Town shall Order 
otherwise. 

Mess. Augustus Hale Sworn 

John Clough jun r . Sworn 
George Ray Excus'd i Constal] 

William Wheeler Sworn 

Timothy Green Excus'd 

Benjamin Eustus jun r . Pay 
were chosen Constables the Year Ensuing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1747. 139 

Voted that John Philips Esq. 

M r . Thomas Green & 
Col. John Hill 

be a Committee to consider whether it will be for the Benefit of the 
Town to Sell a peice of Land near M r . Alexander Hunts near Fort 
hill or in what manner Improve the same and Secure the Towns 
Interest at Windmill point and make Report of their doings at the 
Adjournment of this Meeting. 

Voted that the Selectmen be desired to Repair the Towns Ware- 
houses on the Dock Improved by M r . Dennie and M r . Gray and 
also Rebuild Swing Bridge in such form and place as they shall 
think most convenient and best. 
Voted that Mess". John Phillips Esq r . 

M r . Thomas Greene & 
John Hill Esq r . 

be a Committee to consider whether it will be for the Benefit of 
the Town [171.] to Sell a Quit Rent due on M r . Frarys Lease 
of a peice of Land at the South part of the Town, or do any thing 
concerning the same and make Report thereon at the Adjournment 
of this Meeting. 

Mess. Abijah Adams Excus'd. ") 

Benjamin Andrews Sworn. > Constables 
William Wait Wallis Sworn. . ) 
were chosen Constables the Year ensuing. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday the 28 th . Inst. 
at Nine o'Clock in the forenoon. 

Monday March 28 th . 1747. nine o'Clock in the forenoon the 
Town mett according to their Adjournment. 

The Committee appointed the 14 th . Instant to consider of the 
Petition of William Dawes for building a Shop at the head of 
the Dock now Reported that they had Viewed the premises and 
maturely considered of the Prayer of said Petition and Apprehend 
it will not be for the Benefit of the Town to Allow such a Shop or 
Building as is Petitioned for to be Erected on said Land the Persons 

in general that live thereabouts objecting to the same. AVhich 

was Read & 

Voted that the said Report be Accepted, and that said Petition 
be Dismissed. 

M r . Thomas Edes was chosen Constable the Year ensuing. 

The Committee appointed the 16 th . Instant to enquire after some 
suitable Peice of Ground at the South end for a Burial place, Re- 
ported that they had considered of the premisses and were of opin- 
ion that a peice of Ground at the lower end of the common 
adjoyning to the pasture belonging to the Hon ble . James Allen Esq'. 
is a place the most convenient for a Burying Ground which being 
Read after some Debate thereon, It was Voted that said Report be 
Recommitted, and the said Committee are desired to cause a plan 
to be taken of the Land proposed by them for a Burial place, and 
also consider whether it will not be best and most convenient that 
a Highway should be laid out between said Land of M r . Allen and 



140 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

the Common and they are desired to Report hereon at the next 
General Town Meeting. 

[172.] The Committee appointed the 14 th . Instant to Consider 
of the Petition of the Minister Church Wardens and Vestoy of 
Kings Chappel in Boston, for Granting 'cm a peice of Land to 

enlarge said Chappel, Reported, That they had met the Pet. 

but done nothing thereon, they being desirous to withdraw their 
Petition, and several of the Pet, being now present and moving 
that they may have Liberty to withdraw their Petition, It was 
Voted that they may have Liberty to with draw their Petition 
accordingly. 

The Committee appointed the 14 th . Inst. to consider whether it 
will be for the Benefit of the Town to Sell the Quit Rent due on 
M r . Frarys Lease of a peice of Land at the South part of the Town, 
or do any thing concerning the same, Now Reported that they had 
met several times considered of the Premisses, and are of Opinion 
it will be most for the Benefit of the Town to dispose of said Land 
which being Read, after some Debate, It was Voted that the same 
be Recommitted and said Committee are desired to Enquire into 
the Towns Interest in said Lands or on either Side thereof, and 
take a plan of the same and Report to the Town their doings 
thereon at the General Town Meeting in Ma} 7 next. 

The Committee appointed the 14 th . Instant to consider what will 
be most for the Advantage of the Town to do with the Dirt in the 
Streets Reported that they Apprehended it would be proper for the 
Town to Impower the Selectmen to make Sale of the Dirt in the 
Streets either to some Person or Persons who will hire or Farm it 
by the Great or by the Load as the said Selectmen shall find best or 
most practicable previous notice being seasonably given of their 
intention in the weekly Prints, and to the End the Dirt may be the 
more Regularly and effectually Raked into heaps in the several 
parts of the Town, the Committee apprehend it will be very con- 
venient to chuse Scavengers living in each respective Ward, and 
that they be under Oath to the faithful Discharge of their Trust, 
and that the heaps of Dirt Raked up be at the disposal of the 
Selectmen, except what is Raked up by the Abutters and laid on 
their own Land within Twenty four hours after its being Raked into 
heaps which being Read Voted that the Gentlemen [173.] Select- 
men Act and proceed according to the same, Also 

Voted that the Gentlemen the Representatives of the Town of 
Boston be desired to use their Endeavours that a Law be passed 
in the General Court obliging all persons that shall hereafter be 
chose Scavangers to be under Oath to the faithful discharge of 
their Duty in that place. 

The Committee appointed the 14 th . Inst. to consider whether it 
will be most for the Benefit of the Town to have Faneuil Hall Mar- 
ket continue Shutt up, or have it opened. and if opened what 

is necessary to be further done for the Regulation thereof, also 
what Method the Town shall take to prevent the pernicious 
practice of forestalling the Market and the exorbitant Demand of 
Country Butchers & others in the Price of Provisions now made 
Report in the words following Viz'. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1747. 141 

1 st . That a Subscription be Offered to some of the principal In- 
habitants of the Town in order to Raise a Sum not exceeding Ten 
Thousand Pounds old tenor to be put into the hands of the Select- 
men by way of Loan for one Year without Interest and that they 
be Authorized to give Security to the Subscribers for the same. 

2<uy. That the Selectmen agree with a Number of Town Butchers 
for a Term not exceeding one Year, to purchase Cattle for the 
Supply of the Inhabitants to be sold in Faneuil Hall Market on 
three days of the week Viz'. Tuesdays Thursdays and Saturdays 
at such Prices as the Selectmen shall fix from time to time ; said 
Market first to be Opened on Saturday the 2 d . day of April next 
and that it be Recommended to the Inhabitants to Buy no Beef of 
the Country Butchers in the mean time, nor at any time after said 
market shall be opened. 

3 dly . That some meet person be appointed to Attend the Market 
constantly on Market day into whose hands the money raised as 
aforesaid shall be put in order to Pay for the Cattle purchased who 
shall likewise receive all money for Beef Hydes and Tallow sold 
in the Market and pay for all Cattle afterwards purchased for this 
Purpose which Person so Appointed shall give Security to the 
Selectmen for the money so received and be always accountable to 
them for the faithfull Discharge of their Trust. 

4 thly . That the Contracting Butchers be allowed five p Cent in 
the whole (to be Computed on the Sale of the Creatures) for Buy- 
ing, Selling, Killing and Dressing the Creatures they finding all 
necessnry help for the Business and Engaging to Sell no Beef 
during the Contract but in the mtirket. 

gthiy That the Tanners of the Town have the preference in pur- 
chasing the Hydes which shall be set at Reasonable Rates, they 
agreeing to Sell their Leather [174.] Proportionably. . 

6 th . That the Selectmen agree with other Butchers to Supply the 
Market with small meat, and Advance suitable Sums of Money to 
them upon giving good Security for it (if the Sum Subscribed will 
Admit of it) and that the preference be given to Town Butchers 
or such as will Remove into Town and be Subject to the Regula- 
tions of the Selectmen, and that no other persons be admitted into 
the Market with Butchers Meat except of their own Raising which 
shall appear to the Satisfaction of the Clerk of the Market and 
that said Market be free and Open for all other Provisions brought 
in by such persons. 

7 thly . The Committee having been likewise appointed to consider 
of some method to prevent the Pernicious Practice of forestalling 
the Market, do herewith offer the form of a By Law which they 
Apprehend may have a good Tendenc}' that way if the Town 
should see meet to pass the same. 

But inasmuch as Doubts may arise which of the Laws respecting 
this matter are now in force, or respecting the construction of them 
the Committee are rather of Opinion, That all the Regulations 
necessary under our present Circumstances relating to Butchers, 
Hucksters forestalling Sale of Provisions, and concerning the 
market, should be Comprized in one Bill or Draft for a general By 
Law touching these things, and Repealing and Vacating all former 



142 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

By Laws Votes and Orders Relating to these things and that the 
same be Voted and passed by the Town, and upon Approbation 
thereof by the Sessions, that it be published in the Publick News 
papers, 

All which is Submitted by 

AND B . OLIVER 

in the Name of the Committee, 
and the same being Read and a long Debate had thereon, 

It was Voted that said Report be considered of Paragraph 
by Paragraph, and thereupon the first Paragraph being again 
Read, 

It was Voted that the same be Accepted with this amendment 
only Viz*. That a Subscription be Offered to some of the Principal 
Inhabitants of the Town in order to Raise a sum not exceeding 
Fifteen Thousand Pounds old tenor instead of Ten Thousand 
Pounds old tenor. 

The Second Paragraph being Read, 

Voted that the same be Accepted. 

F175.] Then the Third Paragraph was Read and 

Voted that the same be Accepted. 

Then the fourth Paragraph, was Read and 

Voted that the same be Accepted. 

Then the fifth Paragraph was Read and 

Voted that the same be Accepted, with this Amendment and 
Addition Viz'. That the Leather-dressers of the Town have the 
preference in purchasing small Skins, which shall be set at Reason- 
able Rates they Selling their Leather proportionably. 

Then the Sixth Paragraph. was Read and 

Voted that the same be Accepted. 

Then the seventh Paragraph was Read, and thereupon it was 
Voted that the said Committee be and they hereby are desired and 
impowered to prepare a Draft of a general By Law to be pass'd 
the Town therein particularly expressing every thing they shall 
apprehend to be necessary for the Regulation of Butchers, Huck- 
sters, Forestallers, Sale of Provisions, and the Market, and make 
Report hereon at the General Town Meeting in May next. 

Voted that the Selectmen be and they hereby are desired and 
Impowered to Appoint some Suitable person for the several Pur- 
poses mentioned in the third Paragraph he giving Security as is 
thereby required. 

Voted that the Town proceed to the Choice of a Clerk for Fan- 
euil Hall Market by a written Vote And the Votes being brought 
in and Sorted it Appeared that M r . Abijah Adams was chosen. 

The Committee appointed the 14 th . Inst. to consider whether they 
Apprehend it for the Benefit of the Town to Sell a Peice of 
Land near M r . Alexander Hunts by Fort Hill, or in what 
manner Improve the same and also consider of the best 
Method for Securing the Towns Interest in their Land near "Wind 
Mill Point so called in Boston, now Reported that they had Ex- 
amined the Records Viewed the Lands above mentioned and got 
what Insight they could relating to said Lands and [176.] were 
of opinion, That a peice of Land of Eighty six foot upon the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1748. 143 

Sea Side, & about the same Breadth across the foot of Forthill 
between the Land formerly Granted to M r . Gibbs (now in the 
Possession of M r . Joseph Ilubbard) and the Grant made to Major 
General John Leverett of Sixteen Rod long belongs to the Town, 
and that M r . Alexander Hunt has built a House on the same, and 
said committee think it most for the Interest of the Town to get 

Possession of the premisses and then Sell the same. and they 

having been at Windmill Point and Examined the Records and 
neighbours do think it most for the Towns Interest to Build two 
Wharffs of Eight foot Square each, and have one of them fixed on 
the Towns Land next M r . William Wheelers Land and the other 
on the Northeast part of the Point, in order to preserve their right 
which Report being Read, it was 

Voted that, that part thereof which Relates to the Land on 
which said Alexander Hunt has Built a House be accepted, Also 

Voted that the said Shem Drowne, Thomas Greene & Jacob 
Parker be and hereby are Appointed a Committee for and on behalf 
of the Town to prosecute in the Law any Person or Persons that 
now are in possession of said Land, or any part thereof, or that 
have made any Encroachments thereon, that so the Town may 
obtain possession of their said Lands and Dispose of 'em as they 
shall think best, on the other part of said Report relating to the 
Towns Lands near Windmill Point, Voted that the same be Re- 
ferr'd over to the next General Town Meeting for consideration, 
and said Committee are desired then to lay before the Town all the 
Records and Papers that Relate to this Affair. 

Voted that all Matters & things whatsoever that Relate to the 
Business of this Meeting & remain unfinished be Referr'd over to 
the next General Town Meeting to be then considered of & Acted 
wpon. 

Voted Unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
is given to the Hon ble . Thomas Hutchinson Esq r . the Moderator of 
this Meeting, for the great Dispatch he has given to the Business 
thereof. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

[177.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly Qualified and lawfully warned in 
Publick Town Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
fourth day of April A.D. 1748. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read 

M r . Joseph Marion was chosen Moderator by a written Vote. 

This Meeting being called to consider of the Petition of the 
Minister, Church wardens, & Vestry of Kings Chappel for granting 
'em a peice of Land at the East end of said Chappel on part 
whereof the Latin School now stands in order to Enlarge the 
same, and of the proposals of said Pet, for Purchasing a peice of 
Land & Erecting a New School house at their Expence in consid- 
eration of said Grant : The Gent m . who Petitioned for this 
Meeting being present, desired the Town would not at this time 
proceed thereupon, but prayed they might have Liberty to with- 
draw their said Petition for the Grant of said Land &C a . where- 



144 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

upon It was Voted that the Petitioners have Liberty to withdraw 

their said Petition, and they accordingly withdrew the same. 

And then the Meeting was Dismissed. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly Qualified & lawfully warned in Publick 
Town Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the Eleventh 
day of April A.D. 1748. 

The "Warrant for calling the Meeting, Read. 

The Hon. Thomas Hutchinson Esq r . was chosen Moderator of 
this Meeting (by a written Vote.) 

The Affair mentioned in the warrant for Regulating Faneuil 
Hall Market was taken into consideration, and after some Debate 
thereon, It was Voted that the Selectmen be and they hereby are 
desired to Execute a Counterpart of the Contract made with the 
Butchers that have undertaken to purchase kill and Sell Cattle 
for the Supply of Faneuil Hall Market upon the Terms they have 
already agreed to do the same. 

[178.] Also Voted that over and above the five p Cent 
allowed tne Butchers therefor, the Offel be allowed them tho the 
same is not mentioned in the Agreement they signed and give the 
Committee. Also 

Voted that the Selectmen be desired to give Orders that Faneuil 
Hall Market be opened every Day in the week (Lords days ex- 
cepted) the whole Forenoon, and such afternoons as they shall 
think necessary, besides Tuesdays Thursdays and Saturdays. 

Voted that the consideration of the further Regulation of Faneuil 
Hall Market be referr'd to the next General Town Meeting. 

The Petition of the Minister Wardens and Vestry of Kings 
Chappie in Boston in behalf of themselves and the Congregation 
that usually attend the Publick worship of God there, setting 
forth 

That said Chapel which has constantly been Improved for the 
Publick worship of God for about Sixty Years past is in many 
Parts of it Rotten & greatly decayed. & almost rendered uncapable 
for that Service any longer, and said congregation out of Regard 
to the Honour of God and for their own Edification being very 
desirous that the Publick worship of God should be still Supported 
and Carried on in said Place, have determined to Rebuild said 
Church and make it some what larger more Comodious and Regular 
than it now is but apprehend they shall be greatly Straitned for 
want of Ground at the East End of said Church to Effect the 

same. Your Petitioners therefore pray the Town would be 

pleased to Grant to said Church 34 foot Eastward for the Body of 
said chapel and 10 foot for a Chancel in order to enlarge the same 
into a Regular and Commodious Building and whereas the 
Town has a School house upon part of the Land which your 
Pet. Request, It is therefore humbly proposed in consideration of 
the Grant hereby Request, That the Pet, do Purchase and make 
over to the Town a Peice of Ground at the upper End of the Lane 
or Passage fronting the present School house of like Dimensions 
with the present, the said Petitioners not to dig or [179.] open 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1748. 145 

any Ground which the Additional Building shall cover, excepting 
to lay the Foundation, nor at any time to exclude those who have 
vaults or Tombs within the requested Limits to have free access to 

them. 

Your Pet", apprehend that the said Grant will be no detriment 
1o the Town as the present School house is much decayed in many 
parts defective, and will in a Short Space of time require to be 
New Built, and as the place now proposed for the School, neither 
has nor can possibly have any Contiguous Building being Eighty 
eight foot long, and Seventy seven foot wide, has a free Air, a 
l>lcasaut Assent & Capable of a Southeily Highway to it from 
Bromfiekls Lane which if it be thought necessary the Petitioners 
have a reasonable Prospect of Obtaining, is very near to School 
.Street, and yet agreeably Retired, The Town will have a larger 
P -ice of Ground to Accommodate the School, The Chapel afore- 
said and other Neighbouring houses will be less in danger from 
Fire and such accidents The Town Receive a New Ornament in 
the Buildings proposed, and all to be effected at the charge of the 
Petit'*, and others such well disposed persons as shall think proper 
to contribute to the same, for a clearer View of what your Pet, 
hereby Request we Refer to the Platts of the Ground and the 
Buildings annexed, Hoping the Town upon the considerations 

abovesaid will grant the said Petition. was Read, and after 

some Debate thc>reon. 

It was Moved, Seconded & Voted that 
The Hon ble . Andrew Oliver Esq r . 

John Steel Esq r . 

Thomas Hancock Esq r . 

M*. John Tyng 

M r . Edward Bromfield 

John Fayerweather Esq r . & 

M r . Hugh Vans 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to prepare the 
form of a Vote in answer to the said Petition with such Conditions 
and Reservations annexed to it as said Committee shall think nec- 
ossary and proper and they are desired to Report hereon at the 
intended Adjournment of this Meeting. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday the 18 th . Inst. 
at nine o'Clock in the forenoon. 

Monday 18 th . April 1748. The Town Mett according to their 
Adjournment. 

The Committee appointed the 11 th . instant to prepare the form 
[18O.] of a Vote, in answer to the Petition of the Wardens & 

Vestry of Kings Chapel, praying for a peice of Ground in 

order* to Enlarge the Church, Reported that they had Maturely 
considered the Affair, and agreed to Offer the following Draft to 
the Town, Viz 1 . 

That the Selectmen be Impowered to make a legal Conveyance in 
behalf of the Town to the Petitioners of the several Peices of Land 
and of the Priviledge hereafter mentioned upon their first Com- 
plying with or Satisfying the Selectmen with Respect unto the 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Terms and Conditions herein Required of them Viz', a Peice of 
Land Fronting on School Street extending Thirty feet on said Street 
from the East end of Kings Chappel and includes the Passage way 
into the Burying Ground, and the westerly part of the School 
house and of the Yard thereto belonging measuring Thirty Seven 
feet back from the said Street together with the old School house 
and other Buildings belonging to it, being partly on the premisses 
and partly on the Towns Land Adjoyning to be Removed when 
the Town shall Require it at the Expence of the Pet., Also a Strip 
of Land Thirty feet in Length and four feet wide extending from 
the Northeast Corner, of the old Chappel upon a Line with the 
North Side of said Chappel in order to Erect thereon part of the 
"Walls of the proposed New Church, also another Strip of Land of 
said Wedth Adjoyning to and turning upon a Right Angle with 
the former, thence running until it meets the larger Peice herein 
first proposed to be granted saving a passage way of Six feet wide 
in the last mentioned Strip, thro the Walls of the New Church in 
some convenient Place between the Northeast Corner and the 
Chancel herein after mentioned which Entrance shall be at least 
Six feet high leading into a Peice of Burying Ground belonging to 
the Town which Peice measures twenty five fret North and South 
and twenty feet East & west, also another Peice of Land in form 
of half Oval Adjoyning Easterly upon the beforementioned pro- 
posed Grants and extending fifteen feet North, and as much South 
from the Middle of the Eastermost Line thereof, and to extend 
ten feet further East in its extreme distance from said Middle 
Point being for the proposed Chancel, provided there shall be Still 
left a Passage way of at least Eleven feet in the Narrowest part 
between said Chancel & M r . Cookes Line into the Burying Ground ; 
provided also that the Bodys of those who shall be known to lye 
in the said Strips of Land, or within the [181.] said half oval 
Peice shall be decently taken up and buryed in some other part of 
the Burying Ground with the consent of their Friends, and in such 
manner as they with the Selectmen shall agree to and direct or 
where no Friends shall appear they shall be Removed as they shall 
be removed as the said Selectmen shall direct at the charge of the 
Petitioners. 

Also a priviledge to Extend their New Building over the aforesaid 
peice of Burying Ground lying to the Northward of the present 
School house and measuring '25 feet by 20 as before Expressed : 
provided they do not carry the floor of the Church or otherwise 
Incumber the same within eight feet of the Surface of the Earth as 
it now lyes, and that no Monuments or Grave Stones either within 
or without the Building be destroyed or if accidently broken in 
carrying on the work be repaired at the charge of the Petitioners : 
unless they shall agree with the Friends of those who may lye 
Buryed in said Peice of Ground, or where no Friends Appear with 
the Selectmen to Remove the Bodys in manner as is herein pro- 
vided for the other Dead Body's before mentioned then and in such 
case that the Selectmen be Impowered likewise to convey to the 
Pet, said Peice of Burying Ground and the Entrance into it herein 
before Reserved. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1748. 147 

That in consideration of the proposed Grants before mentioned 
the Petitioners shall procure and cause a legal Title to be made to 
the Town of a Certain Peice of Land over against the present 
Grammer School now in the Occupation of the Widow Green and 
others measuring 34 feet or thereabouts on School Street and run- 
ing 97 feet back more or less, bounded on the West by Col. 
Wendells Land, and Easterly on a passage way leading to the house 
where M r . Guntor now dwells, together with the priviledge of said 
Passage way forever, saving to the Petitioners a Liberty of Remov- 
ing if they see good the Buildings now upon said Land, when 
Required by the Selectmen, said Petitioners likewise to Erect 
upon said Land a New School house of like Dimensions and 
accommodations with the present and finish the same in like decent 
manner to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen unless the Pet, should 
propose a Sum of money to the Acceptance of the Town, instead 
of Erecting the said Building. 

All which is humbly Submitted in the Name and by order of the 
Committee. 

Boston 18 th . April 1748. AND*. OLIVER. 

Which Report being Read and a long Debate had thereon, It was 
Moved and Seconded that the following Question may be put Viz', 
whether the Town have Power in this Meeting to Appropriate or 
Dispose of the Land on which the South Latin School stands to 
any other use than for a School, the Vote of the Town of the 14 th . 
l mo . 1655 as Entred in the Towns Records notwithstanding, and 
the same being accordingly put, It was Voted in the Affirma- 
tive. 

And then on a Motion made and Seconded the following Question 
was put [182.] Viz 1 . Whether the Town have power to Accept of 
the said Report of the Committee, the province Laws of the fourth 
William and Mary, Entitled an act for Regulating of Townships, 
choice of Town officers and setting forth their Power and the Twelfth 
of Queen Ann, Entitled an act directing how Meetings of proprietors 
of Lands lying in common may be called, which have been now Read 
notwithstanding, and it was Voted in the Affirmative. And then it 
was proposed & seconded, that the following Question may be put 
Viz'. Whether the said Draft of a Vote as prepared by the Com- 
mittee be Accepted, Whereupon, It was Moved that the Vote 

of Acceptance of said Draft may be Determined by a written Vote 
and that those persons that are for Accepting said Draft & passing 
it as the Vote of the Town be directed to write Yea, and those that 
are not for it write Nay and the Question being put, Whether it 
should be thus determined by a written Vote, ... It passed in 

the Affirmative. And thereupon the Inhabitants were directed 

to bring in their Votes in writing, and such of 'em as were for Ac- 
cepting of Said Draft of a Vote as prepared by the committee and 
passing the same as the Vote of the Town in Answer to said Pe- 
tition were desired to write Yea, and such as were not for Ac- 
cepting it to write Nay, And the Inhabitants proceeded to bring in 
their Votes, & when the Selectmen were Receiving 'em at the Door 
of the Hall they observed one of the Inhabitants Viz*. John Pigeon 



148 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

to put in about a dozen with the word Yea wrote on all of 'em and 
being charged with so doing he acknowledged it, & was thereupon 
ordered by the Moderator to pay a Fine of Five Pounds for putting 
in more than one Vote according to Law, and the Moderator there- 
upon Declared to the Inhabitants that they must withdraw and bring 
in their Votes again in manner as before directed, and the Inhabi- 
tants accordingly withdrew, and the Votes being brought in and 
Sorted it appeared that there was Four hundred and two Voters 
and that there was. 

Two hundred and five Yeas & 

One hundred & Ninety seven Nays 

Whereupon, it was declared by the Moderator, that the said 
Form of a Vote was Accepted and Passed by the Town accordingly. 
Then the Meeting was Dismissed. 

[183,] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly Qualified and lawfully warned in Public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the tenth 
day of May A.D. 1748. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Samuel Checkley jun r . 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting. Read. 

Sundry Laws, Read. 

Thomas Hancock Esq r . one the Selectmen in their name proposed 
to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the Choice of a Person 
or persons to Serve for and Represent 'em in a Great and General 
Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday the 
Twenty fifth day of May instant, and in order thereto to consider 
and ascertain the Number of Gentlemen to be Elected, accordingly 
It was Voted to proceed to the Choice of four Representatives and 
it was Declared that the Poll be closed at twelve o'Clock. 

The Votes being Collected, the Number of Voters were found to 
be 723, and upon Sorting the Votes it appeared that the following 
Gent n . were chose. Viz 1 . 

The Hon ble . Thomas Hutchinson Esq r . . . N. of Voters 406. 

The Hon ble . James Allen Esq r 389. 

Thomas Hubbard Esq r 704. 

M r . John Tyug 369. 

The Election of Representatives being over, and the same being 
Declared by the Selectmen. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Moderator 
and upon Sorting the same it appeared that the Hon ble . Thomas 
Hutchinson Esq r . was chosen. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to three a Clock, After- 
noon. 

Tuesday, 3 o'Clock in the Afternoon, The Town met according 
to their Adjournment. 

[184e] The Report of the Selectmen on the Visitation of the 
Publick Schools. Read and is as follows Viz'. 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Bos- 
ton in Town Meeting Assembled May 10. 1748. 

Pgrsuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at then- Meeting the 
12 th . of May last, desiring the Selectmen to Visit the several Pub- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1748. 



149 



lick Schools in the Town, and Invite such Gentlemen to Accom- 
pany them therein as they should think proper, and to Report 
thereon. 

We the Subscribers accordingly Attended that Service on Fri- 
day the Nineteenth of June last, accompanied by the following 
Gent". Viz'. 
The Hon. Joseph Wadsworth Esq r . 



John Jeffries Esq r . 
Jacob Wendell Esq r . 
Samuel Welles Esq r . 
Edward Winslow Esq r . 
George Cradock Esq r . 
John Fayerweather Esq r . 
Jonas Clarke Esq r . 
John Hill Esq r . 
Thomas Hancock Esq r . 
John Phillips Esq r . 



The Gent n the Representa- 

The Hon. John Jeffries Esq r . tives of the Town of Bos- 

The Hon. Jacob Wendell Esq r . ton. 

The Hon. Samuel Welles Esq r . The Rev d . D r . Joseph Sewall 

M r . Samuel Checkley 
M r . WiUiam Welsteed 
M r . Samuel Mather 
M r . Middlecott Cooke 
Cap'. Henry Atkins 
M r . Rufus Greene 
M r . Isaac Walker 
M r . Eben r . Storer 
And found the South G rammer School wherein were 110 Scholars 
in verj' good Order, the South writing School in the Common 
wherein were 265 Scholars in like good order, the writing School 
in Queen Street wherein were 62 Scholars in very good order, the 
North Grammar School of 40 Scholars in good order, & the North 
writing School wherein were 271 Scholars in very good Order. 

THOMAS HANCOCK 
JOHN STEEL 
W M . SALTEK 
JOHN TYNG 
SAM GRANT. 

[185.] Voted that Report be Accepted, and that the Gentle- 
men the Selectmen be desired to Visit the publick Schools the 
Year ensuing, and that they desire such Gentlemen to Accompany 
them therein as they shall think convenient and that they Report 
thereon. 

Mess. Joseph Belknap 

Nathaniel Gardner 
Knight Leverett 
Joshua Pickman j r . 
John Maverick 
Benjamin Frothingham 
John Colson ^ Scavengers. 

David Evans Excused 
John Taylor 
Michael Dennis 
Gillam Phillips Esq r . 
Benj a . Harrod 
James Hill 
were chosen Scavengers the Year Ensuing. 

Ths Petition of M r . Zachariah Hicks master of the North writing 
School Praying for an Addition to his Salary now came under con- 
sideration and after some Debate thereon, It was Voted that the 



150 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Sum of Two hundred and Twenty pounds old tenor be Added to 
M r . Hicks Salary for one Year to commence from the last Quarter. 

The Petition of M r . John Proctor jun r . Usher of the North 
writing School, praying for an Addition to his Salary now came 
under consideration and after some Debute thereon It was Voted 
that the Sum of One hundred and fifty Pounds old tenor be Added 
to M r . Proctors Salary for one Year to Commence from the last 
Quarter. 

The Request of the Committee of the Proprietors of the long 
Wharffe or Pier at the lower end of King Street that the Breast 
work lately Erected at the End of said Wharffe may be Removed 
was taken into consideration, and after some Debate thereon, It 
was Moved and Seconded that the following Question may be put 
Viz'. Whether the Prayer of the Petition be Granted and it being 
accordingly put, It was Voted in the Negative and [186.] then 
Voted that the Petition be Dismissed. 

The Gentlemen the Overseers of the Poor prayed the following 
Articles containing Alterations and Additions to the orders and By 
Laws now in Force for Regulating and Governing the Work house 
may be considered and approved of by the Town, which being 
Read are as follows Viz'. 

1 st . That the General Meeting for Overseers of the Poor at the 
Work house to Inspect the Affairs of the House and Advise about 
such further Rules and Methods as may be for the Advantage of 
said House which Meeting is now fixed to the third Tuesday be 
chang'd to the first Wednesday of each month and accordingly 
held on said Day at four of the Afternoon. 

2. That instead of the Committee of three to take the more 
immediate inspection of the House for each month as the Law now 
stands ; there shall hereof ter be appointed by the overseers at their 
monthly meeting so many of their Number for a committee as 
shall correspond with the Number of weeks that may happen until 
the next monthly meeting, two of whom shall be a Quorum & meet 
on every Wednesday except the day of the monthly meeting for 
Advising and Assisting the master in the Affairs of the House : 
and one of said Overseers shall have the more immediate Over- 
sight of the House for one Week who shall Endeavour to Obtain 
some Suitable person to preach on the Lords day in like manner 
as has been usual for some Years past and shall Visit the House 
as often as may be, at least three times in each Week for inspecting 
the management of it & the behaviour of the persons in it, But 
in important cases the Committee for the month or if need be 
the Body of Overseers shall be called together to Advise there- 
upon. 

3 dly . That the Overseers at their monthly meeting or the Committee 
of Overseers be further Impowered to Punish such Persons as shall 
be legally Committed to the House and who shall threaten or at- 
tempt to make their Escape therefrom, or such as having Escaped 
shall be again so committed by fixing a Wooden Clog with an 
Iron Chain to one of the Legs of such Offenders. 

And after the same was Read a Question was put "Whether 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1748. 151 

[187.] the Town do Approve and Accept of said three articles 

for the better Regulating of the work house. And it passed in 

the affirmative. Also 

Voted that the Overseers of the Poor be and hereby are desired 
to proceed to Regulate and Govern the work house accordingly 
until the Town shall order otherwise. 

The Petition of Thomas Fleet praying the Town to Sell or 
Lease to him for a term not less than fourteen Years, a small 
Peice of Land in Water Street at the Rear of the Estate of the 
late Jonathan Furnass decod, it being at present wholly unimprov'd 
and of no use to the Town ; was now taken into consideration & 
after some Debate thereon ; It was Voted that the Selectmen be 
and hereby are appointed a Committee to consider of this Petition 
& Report at the next General Town Meeting what they apprehend 
the Town had best do thereon. 

The Town entred upon the consideration of the Petition of sev- 
eral Freeholders that the Town would reconsider their Votes 
Pass'd the 18 th . of April last ; Relating to the Acceptance of the 
Report of a Committee then made for granting a Peice of Land to 
the Minister Church Wardens & Vestry of Kings Chappel : and 
after a long Debate thereon the following. Question was put Viz'. 

Whether the Town will Sustain the said Petition, and it pass'd 
in the negative by a great majority. 

The Petition of Joseph White, & Benjamin Edwards, Collectors 
of Taxes within this Town setting forth that they being Collectors 
of Taxes in the Years 1744, 1745, & 1746, had committed to 'em 
by the Assessors of said Town, the Taxes of sundry Persons to 
Collect that were abroad at Sea at the time when they receiv'd the 
Books of the Assessors, many of whom the Pet, never saw, they 
not having return'd since, and others of the Inhabitants have died 
so extremely Poor, that the Pet, notwithstanding all their Care 
& Pains could not get in their Taxes, & as it is not now in the 
Power of the Assessors to make 'em any Abatements, the Pe- 
titioners, therefore pray that a Committee may be appointed to 
enquire & make Report of all such Taxes as they in Justice ap- 
prehend the Pet, ought to be abated in those Years : was Read 
& thereupon It was Voted that the present Assessors of the Town 
be & hereby they are appointed a Committee to Consider of this 
[188.] Petition hear the Petitioners thereupon, and Report 
what Taxes they apprehend ought to be abated the Petitioners. 

M r . Treasurer Wadsworth presented an Estimate of what may 
be proper for the Town to raise for defraying the Charges of the 
Ensuing Year. 

Voted a Grant of Twenty seven Thousand Pounds old tenour 
Bills, to be Rais'd by a Tax upon the Polls & Estates within the 
Town of Boston for Relief of the Poor and defraying other neces- 
sary charges arising within and for said Town the Year ensuing. 

Voted that, John Wheelwright Esq r . 
Joshua Winslow Esq r . 
M r . Ebenezer Holmes 
M*. Thomas Greene & 
M*. William Coffin 



152 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

be a Committee to Audit the Town Treasurers Accounts for the 
Tear ensuing and make Report as usual And that they also Audit 
the Accounts of the Overseers of the Poor respecting the Alms- 
house & the Workhuuse, and to attend the same at the usual place 
of said Overseers Meeting, and said Acco te . being Audited the 
said Committee are desired to make Report thereon as usual. 

Voted that Col. John Hill 

M r . Thomas Greene & 
M r . William Coffin 

be and hereby they are appointed a Committee to Consider of the 
best Method the Town can take to supply themselves with Fuel & 
Report hereon as soon as may be. 

The Committee appointed the 28 th . of March last to prepare a 
plan of the Peice of Land they propos'd for a Burial place now 
made a Report of their doings thereon, and the same was Read 
and is as follows Viz*. 

We the Subscribers agreeable to the desire of the [189.] 
Town have Caus'd a plan to be taken of the Land propos'd for a 
Burial place, which is herewith presented, said Land being bounded 
Easterly on that part of the Common called the mall there meas- 
uring ninety feet & ten feet more on said mall for an highway, 
Southerly on the heirs of the Hon. Col. Fitch there measuring 
Four hundred & Eight feet, Westerly on the Common One hun- 
dred & fifty eight feet, Northerly on said Common Three hundred 
& ninety Six feet & an half, and we apprehend it will be much best 
for an highway to be lay'd out between said propos'd Burial place 
& the land of the heirs of said Fitch, provided said heirs will allow 
ten feet more in wedth for said highway, the whole length thereof 
the ten feet of the Towns Land above mentioned being reserv'd 
for to make said Highwav Twenty feet wide. Witness our hands 
may 9, 1748. 

JOHN INDICOTT 
JOHN HILL 
JOSHUA BLANCHARD 

and after some Debate thereon, It was Voted that the said Report 
be not Accepted. 

The Committee appointed the 28 th . of March last to prepare the 
Records & Papers that relate to the Towns Interest near Wind 
mill Point, Reported that they had procur'd Copy's of all the 
Records & papers that they could find relating to the Towns Inter- 
est near Windmill Point, & now present them to the Town for 
their consideration and after some Debate thereon, Voted that 
said Report be further Referr'd over to the next General Town 
Meeting. 

Voted that all matters & Things that remain unfinished be re- 
ferred over to the next General Town Meeting, to be considered 
of & acted upon. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 



[19O.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhab- 
itants of the Town of Boston duly qualify'd and lawfully Warned 



BOSTON TOWN EECOEDS, 1748. 153 

in Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday 
the Twenty first day of September A.D. 1748. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting. Read. 

Sundry Laws, Read. 

The Hon ble Thomas Hutchinson Esq r . was chosen Moderator by 
a written Vote. 

The Town proceeded upon the Business of the Meeting men- 
tion'd in the Warrant Viz', to consider what they wjll further do 
as to the Regulation of Faneuil Hall Market and after some De- 
bate thereon, It was Moved & Seconded, That the following 
Question might be put Viz*. Whether the Town would continue to 
supply Faneuil Hall Market with Provisions as heretofore, and 
the same being put it pass'd in the Affirmative by a great Major- 
ity. 

And then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualify'd & lawfully warn'd in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the twenty sixth 
day of December 1748. 

The Precept & Warrant for calling the Meeting, Read. 

Prayer being made by the Rev d . M r . Ellis Gray. 

Sundry Laws, Read. 

Thomas Hancock Esq r . one of the Selectmen in their Name pro- 
'pos'd to the Inhabitants Assembled [191.] Whether they would 
proceed to the Choice of a person to serve for and Represent them 
in the Great & General Court in their Session & Sessions the 
present Year in the Room of James Allen Esq r . who for his con- 
tempt of the orders of the Hon. House of Representatives is Ex- 
pelled that House, and thereupon, It was Voted to proceed to the 
choice of a Representative accordingly, and it was declar'd by the 
Selectmen that the Poll Sho'd be clos'd at twelve o'Clock. 

The Votes being Collected the number of Voters were found 
to be 473, and upon sorting 'em it appear'd that James Allen Esq r . 
was chose, having 346 Votes. 

The Election of a Representative being over, and the same de- 
clar'd by the Selectmen. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Moderator 
and upon sorting 'em it appear'd that the Hon. James Allen Esq r . 
was unanimously chosen 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Collector of Taxes in the 
Room of M r . John Welch who Refuses to Serve and upon sorting 
'em it appear'd that M r . John Staniford was chose by a great 
Majority. 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, It was Voted that the Thanks 
of the Town be & hereby is given to the Hon. James Allen Esq r . 
the Moderator of this Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

[192.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified and lawfully Warned in public 



154 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the thirteenth 
day of March A.D. 1748. 

Prayer being made by the Rev d . D r . Joseph Sewall. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting, Read. 

Sundry Laws, Read. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to the choice of a Moderator (by a 
written Vote) and upon Collecting the Votes it appeared that the 
Hon ble . James .Allen Esq r was chosen. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait was chosen Town Clerk for the Year Ensuing, 
and sworne to the faithful Discharge of his Duty in that Office by 
the Hpn ble . Edw d . Hutchinson Esq r . 

v r oted that (he Town proceed to the choice of Seven Selectmen, 
and the Votes being accordingly brought in and sorted, it appeared 
that only Six were chose Viz 1 . 

Thomas Hancock Esq r . 
M r . Middlecott Cooke 



John Steel Esq r . 



> Select-Men. 



Cap 4 . William Salter 
M r . Samuel Grant & 
M r . Thomas Hill 

then the Inhabitants withdrew and brought in their Votes, but upon 
Sorting 'em it appeared that there was no choice, Whereupon they 
withdrew again and brought in their Votes and upon Sorting 'em it 
appeared that 

M r . John Gardner was chose 
Upon a Motion made and Seconded, It was 
Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and [193.] hereby is 
given to M r . John Tyng who served as a Selectman the last Year, 
for his faithful Discharge of that Trust. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to three o'Clock, in the 
Afternoon. 

Three o'Clock in the Afternoon, the Town met according to 
Adjournment. 

Voted to proceed to the choice of twelve constables distinct from 
the Collectors of Taxes. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded It was Voted that any Person 
chose into the Office of a constable for the Year ensuing shall be 
excused from serving provided he Pay to the Town Treasurer the 
sum of Twenty Pounds old tenour Bills. 
Mess. James Gridley Sworne 

Willliam Blair Townsend Pay 
William Nichols Sworne 

Augustus Hail Sworne 

Joseph Belknap Paid in 1746. 

John Southack Sworne 

Benjamin Hammet Excused 

George Featherstone Sworne 
Timothy Newell Excused 

William Pitman Pay 

Stephen Whiting Pay 

John West Pay 

were chosen Constables for the Year Ensuing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1748. 



155 



} Overseers of the Poor. 



J 



The following Gentlemen were chose Overseers of the Poor for 
the Year Ensuing Viz'. 

The Hon ble . Jacob Wendell Esq r . 
Andrew Oliver Esq r . 
William Tyler Esq'. 
John Hill Esq r . 
Thomas Hubbard Esq r . 
M r . Edward Hromfield 
[194.] Daniel Henchman Esq r . 
William Downe Esq r . 
John Phillips Esq r . 
M r . Isaac Walker 
M r . Ebenezer Storer 
M r . John Barrett 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year Ensuing. 

Voted that the Town proceed to the choice of a Town Treasurer, 
and upon bringing in and Sorting the Votes, It appeared that the 
Hon oble . Joseph Wadsworth Esq r . was chose by a very great Ma- 
jority and Sworne into that Office by John Steel Esq'. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a County Treas- 
urer, which being Collected were according to Law Sealed up by 
constable Featherstone, to be by him returned to the next court of 
Quarter Sessions. 

The Town proceeded to consider what is best to be done with 
their Lands and Buildings at the head of the Dock formerly 
Leased to M r . John Dolbeare (now deceased) and Thomas 
Hubbard Esq r . their Term therein being Expired as mentioned 
in the Wan-ant, and it appearing by Papers produced by M r . 
Benjamin Dolbeare son of the aforesaid M r . John Dolbeare 
that his Fathers Term in the Buildings & Lands Leased him is not 
yet Expired that Article in the Warrant so far as it relates to him 
was Dismissed, then 

Voted that the Selectmen be and hereb}" are desired to consider 
what is best for the Town to do with their Buildings and Land in 
Possession of Thomas Hubbard Esq r . and Report at their Meeting 
.in May next. 

Voted that the Town proceed to the choice of Seven Assessors, 
accordingly the Votes were brought in, and upon sorting them it 
appeared that 

[195.] Mess. Nathaniel Barber 
Jacob Parker 
William Fairfield 
John Goldthwait ^ Assessors. 
Daniel Pecker 
Joseph Fitch 
Thomas Foster 
were chosen. 

Voted that the Affair of Faneuil Hall Market be taken into con- 
sideration tomorrow at Eleven o'Clock. 

Voted that the sum of nine Pence on the Pound be and hereby 
is allowed to be paid to the collectors of Taxes for the Year ensu- 
ing for all such Sums as they shall collect, provided they Pay unto 
the Town Treasurer one half part of the whole sum they nre 



156 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

obliged to Pay him within three months from the time of recieving 
the Tax Books from the Assessors and the other half part of the 
whole sum they are obliged to pay him within three months from 
the time of Recieving the Tax Books from the Assessors, and the 
other half part in three months after, and also Pa}' to the Province 
and County Treasurers, one half part of the whole Sums they 
shall be obliged to pay them respectively in Six months from the 
time they recieve the Books from the Assessors as aforesaid, and 
the other half part in six months after, and in case either of the 
Collectors shall fail Paying the said Treasurers in the above 
manner the Collector so failing shall not be intitled to the aforesaid 
Allowance of nine pence on the pound for Collecting, but wholly 
forfeit the same, provided also that the said Collectors give Bond 
with sufficient Suretys to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen for the 
faithful Discharge of their Duty in said Office, and complying with 
this Vote. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned till to Morrow Morning 
9 o'Clock. 

Tuesday March 14 th . 1748, nine o'Clock, The Town met accord- 
ing to Adjournment. 

[196.] M r . John Gray was chosen Surveyor of Hemp for the 
Year Ensuing & Sworn. 

Mess". David Colson Jun'. ) Informers of Deer . 

Benjamin Harrod Sworn f 
were chosen Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing. 

M r . Nathaniel Band, was chosen Hayward for the Year Ensuing. 
The Selectmen were Chosen Surveyors of Highways for the 
Year Ensuing. 

Mess". Isaac Vergoose Sworn 

William Pain Sworn 

John Grant Sworn 

Thomas Warden Sworn 



Andrew Symmes Sworn 
Edward Moberly 



William Brown Sworn 

John Eustus Excus'd 

Moses Eayres Sworn 

Edward Edes Excus'd , 
were chose Viewers of Boards, Shingles &C*. 

Mess". William More Sworn 

William Russell Sworn 



Viewers of Boards, Shin- 



gles &C 



Benjamin Russell Sworn 



Fence Viewers. 



James Tilestone Sworn 

Onesiphorus Tilestone Sworn 

John Indicott Sworn 

were chosen Fence Viewers, for the Year Ensuing. 
Mess". Nathaniel Hodgdon Sworn. ^ 

Josiah Carter Sworn. 

John Allen Sworn \- Sealers of Leather. 

Thomas Hase 

Thomas Hartley Sworn j 
were chosen Sealers of Leather for the Year Ensuing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1748. 



157 



[197.] Mess. Harvey Thomas Sworn 
Benjamin Ballard Sworn 
Joseph Dyar 
Benjamin Sault 
John Hobbs 
Peter Cotta 
Thomas Serjeant 
Joseph Savel jun r . Sworn 
Edward Potter Excused 
Edward Cowell 
were chosen Cullers of Staves for the Year Ensuing. 

Mess. William Scott Sworn 

Samuel Green Sworn 
Benjamin Renkin Sworn 
Samuel Emmes 
were chosen Hogreeves for the Year ensuing. 



Cullers of Staves. 



Hogreeves. 



Mess. Joseph Edwards 
Jonathan Payson 
John Ridgaway 
Thomas Greenough 
Benjamin Hammet 
Joseph Gardner 



William Cowell 
Stephen Apthorp 
Ellis Wilson 
Timothy Win ship 
Thomas Boucher 
Ebenezer Lowell 



Scavengers. 



were chosen Scavengers for the Year Ensuing. 

Mess. Joseph Jackson ~\ 

Thomas Savage > Purchasers of Grain. 
Thomas Greene j 
were chosen purchasers of Grain, for the Year Ensuing. 

The said Committee are desired and Impowered to give all 
needful Directions to the Keeper of the Granary [198.] respect- 
ing the quantities of Grain to be sold, and setting the price thereof 
from time to time as occasion shall require. 

Mess. Thomas Foster jun r . ) A ,, 

David Cutler } Assay Masters. 

were chosen Assay Masters for the Year ensuing. 

Mess. Elisha Dyre 

Thomas Newman 
Alexander Hill 
Timothy Newell 
Thomas Gushing 
Oxenbridge Thatcher jun r . 
Samuel Adams 
John Edwards 
Samuel Edwards 
Royal Tyler 
John Ridgaway 
Daniel Marsh 
John Dixwell 
Thomas Jackson jun r . 
were chosen Clerks of the Market for the Year Ensuing. 



Excus'd. " 




Sworn 




Sworn 




Sworn 




Sworn 




Sworn 




Sworn 


Clerks of the 




Market 


Sworn 




Excus'd 




Sworn 




Sworn 




Sworn 




Sworn 





158 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



Mess. David Wheeler Sworn ") 
John Langdon Pay 
Thomas Palfrey Sworn 



Constables. 



William Lowder Excus'd 
Robert Ford Sworn 
William Thwing Excus'd 
were chosen Constables for the Year Ensuing. 
Mess. Thomas Greene 
Thomas Oxnard 
Jeremiah Allen } Committee for Auditing Acco". 

Harrison Gray 
Joshua Winslow Esq r . 
be a Committee to Audit the Town Treasurers Accompts for the 
Year Ensuing and make Report as usual, and that they also Audit 
the Accompts [199.] of the Overseers of the Poor respecting 
the Workhouse, and to a'ttend the same at the usual place of said 
Overseers Meeting, and said Accompt being Audited the said Com- 
mittee are desired to make Report thereon as usual. 
John Phillips Esq r . ") 
John Hill Esq r . 
Cap 4 . John Games 
Cap'. Isaac White 



Cap*. Joseph Russell 



Firewards. 



Cap 4 . Henry Berry 
Cap'. Joseph Jackson 
Cap'. James Day 
M r . Robert Breck 
M r . John Scollay 
were chosen Firewards for the Year Ensuing. 

Voted that the Assessors be, and they hereby are allowed to sit 
upon the Abatement of Taxes to the first day of June next, saving 
that they have Liberty to sit the second Week in November next, 
to Abate the Taxes of such persons as shall appear to be dead or 
out of Town, and could not have made application to them therefor 
before the said first day of June. 

The Town Enter'd upon the consideration of that article in the 
Warrant Viz'. What method is best to be taken to Improve their 
Lands & Salt Ponds on the neck and after some Debate thereon It 
was Voted that the Selectmen be and hereby are desired and Im- 
powered to Advertize the Leasing of said Lands, recieve proposals 
concerning the same, and Report their Doings herein at the Town 
Meeting in May next. 

Voted that the Selectmen be, and hereby they are Impowered to 
fix the Stalls at the Fish Market near Scarlets Wharffe in such 
places as they think proper, provided the Town be at no Expence 
in doing the same. 

Voted that the Sum of One Thousand Pounds in [2OO.] Bills 
of the old tenor be and hereby is allowed unto Jeremiah Allen 
Esq r . in full for his Paying the Towns Moneys for the Cattle pur- 
chased for the supply of Faneuil Hall Market, recieving the 
Money for Beef Hydes, & Tallow, sold in said Market, and his 
attendance there on Market days, and other Services by him done 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1748-49. 159 

at said Market since the 28 th . of March last, he Paj-ing such 
Persons as he has employed to Assist him therein. 

The Question was put, "Whether the Town will continue to Sup- 
ply Faneuil Hall Market in the same manner as they did the last 
Year. 

Voted in the Negative. 

Voted that the Gentlemen who lent the Town Money for the 
Supply of Faneuil Hall Market with Provisions the last Year, be 
allowed Interest for the same after the 30 th . Instant until they are 
paid, and the Selectmen are desired to give them Drafts on the 
Treasury payable to them or their order for such sums as are due 
to them respectively when they recieve such Draft. 

Voted that Faneuil Hall Market be continued an Open Market 
under the Regulation of the Selectmen for the time being, until the 
Town shall otherwise Order. 

A Motion was made and seconded that the Town would proceed 
to the choice of Tything men for the Year Ensuing, but nothing 
done thereon. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for the choice of a 
Clerk for Faneuil Hall Market & upon Collecting the same it 
appeared that M r . Abijah Adams was chose. 

The Selectmens Report on the Accompt of M r . John Fenno 
Keeper of the Granary for the Year past as Entered in his Book 
(and on file in [2O1.] the Town Clerks Office) Read and Voted 
that the said Report be Accepted and accordingly that M r . John 
Fenno be further accountable to the Town for two hundred Eighty 
three Bushels & an half of Indian Corn at 23/ p Bushel being 
396 .. 18 . & eight bushels of Wheat at 60/ p bush, being 

24 aud for Cash Two Thousand one hundred & fifty 

six pounds and nine pence, the whole of which amounts to Two 
Thousand five hundred and Seventy six pounds, eighteen shillings 
& nine pence, old tenor bills, which is now in his hands, exclusive 
of One hundred pounds for his Salary, and Thirty pounds for 
Assistance, both which sums are allowed him in his Accompt. 

Voted that the sum of Fifty Pounds bills of the old tenor be 
allowed and paid out of the Treasury unto M r . John Fenno Keeper 
of the Granary for his Extraordinary services at the Year past, 
and also that the further Sum of Twenty Pounds old tenour Bills 
be paid him for hiring persons to Assist him in that Business. 

The Petition of M r . John Fenno Keeper of the Granary Praying 
for an Addition to his Yearly Salary was Read, and after some 
Debate thereon. 

Voted that the same be continued to the Town Meeting in May 
next. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to three o'Clock in the 
Afternoon. 

Tuesday three o'Clock in the Afternoon, The Town being Assem- 
bled according to Adjournment. 

Mess". Thomas Allen Pay 

John Amelee Excus'd 

Benjamin Gyles Excus'd 3table9 ' 

Cap'. Isaac Freeman Appeal to Sessions 



160 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Voted that no Person be chose as a Collector of Taxes for the 
Year ensuing that has been heretofore chose into that Office and 
Served unless he can produce Reciepts in full from the respective 
Treasurers of the Town, County, and Province that he has [2O2.] 
Paid the whole sums due to them for the Year 1747. 

Voted that the Town proceed to the choice of Six Collectors of 
Taxes for the Year Ensuing, and the Votes being brought in, it 
Appeared that 

Joseph White Esq r . ^ 
Cap*. Benj*. Edwards 

M r . William Larrabee n ,, 

,rr T u -n jj i r Collectors. 

M r . John Ruddock 

M r . John Grant 
M r . Hopestill Foster ) 
were chose by a great Majority. 

Mess. William Muckleroy Sworn ) ^ 

JohnClough Sworn } Constables. 

were chosen Constables for the Year Ensuing. 

The Assessors appointed a Committee the tenth day of May 
last to consider of the Petition of Joseph White, Benjamin 
Edwards, and Andrew Cunningham late Collectors of Taxes in 
this Town praying, for an Abatement of sundry Taxes committed 
to them to Collect ; Reported that the}' had attended that Service 
heard the Petitioners and Enquired into the circumstances of 
several Persons (a List of whose Names are on file & the Years 
they were Taxed) whose Taxes they Apprehend ought in Justice 
to be Abated, the Petitioners, said Names being Read over, after 
a short Debate thereon, Voted that said Report be Accepted, and 
that the sum of Seventy eight pounds Eleven shillings bills of the 
old tenour be allowed and Refunded out of the Town Treasury 
unto Joseph White Esq r . the sum of Fifty five Pounds two shil- 
lings bills of the old teuour be allowed and Refunded out of the 
Town Treasuiy unto M r . Andrew Cunningham, and the sum of 
ninety six pounds five shillings and nine pence Bills of the old 
tenour be allowed and refunded out of the Town Treasury unto M r . 
Benjamin Edwards, and the Selectmen are desired to give them 
Drafts for the same. 

[2O3.] Voted that all matters and Things that remain unfin- 
ished be continued to the Town Meeting in May next, to be then 
Acted upon. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given unto 
the Hon oble . James Allen Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting for 
Dispatching the Business thereof. 

Then the Meeting was Dismissed. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and lawfully warned in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the ninth day of 
May A.D. 1749. 

Prayer being made by the Rev d . M r . Jon*. May hew. 

The Precept & Warrant for calling the Meeting, Read. 

Sundry Laws, Read. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1749. 1(>1 

Thomas Hancock Esq r . one' of the Selectmen in their Name pro- 
posed to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the choice of a 
person or persons to serve for and Represent them in a Great and 
General Court or Assembly to be. held at Boston upon Wednesday 
the thirty first day of May inst. and in order thereto to consider and 
Ascertain the Number of Gentlemen to be Elected, accordingly it 
was Voted to proceed to the choice of four Representatives, and it 
was then Declared that the Poll be clos'd at twelve o'Clock. 

The Votes being Collected the Number of Voters were found to be 
684 & upon sorting the Votes it appeared that the following Gentle- 
men were chose Viz 1 . 

The Hon. James Allen Esq r 543 

Thomas Hubbard Esq r 678 

M r . John Tyng 513 

The Hon. Samuel Waldo Esq r 539 

[2O4.] Voted that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to three o'Clock 
in the Afternoon. 

Three o'Clock in the afternoon the Town met according to 
Adjournment. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to the choice of a Moderator by a 
written Vote, and having brought 'em in it Appeared that the 
Hon oble . James Allen Esq r . was chose. 

The Report of the Selectmen on the Visitation of the Publick 
School was Read, and is as follows. Viz 1 . 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
in Town Meeting Assembled May 9 th . 1749. 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Meeting the 
10 th . of May last, desiring the Selectmen to Visit the Several Pub- 
lick Schools & Invite such Gentlemen to Accompany them therein 
as they should think proper and to Report thereon. 

We the Subscribers accordingly, attended that Service on Tues- 
day the 28 th . of June last, Accompanyed by the following Gent". 
Viz'. 

The Hon oble . John Osborne 

Joseph Wadsworth 
Ezekiel Lewis 
Josiah Willard 
William Foye 

Samuel Waldo , 7 . 

Andrew Oliver 
John Wheelwright 
Joshua Winslow 
William Stoddard 
Charles Apthorp 
John Erving 
The Rev d . M r . Prince 
M r . Byles 
M r . Gray 
M r . Eliot 
M r . Cooper 
M r . Peter Chardon 
M r . James Pitts 



162 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

M r . William Bowdoin 

M r . Jerein h . Belknap 

M r . Jere h . Allen 

M r . Joseph Sherburne 

M r . Thomas Goodwell 

and found the South Grammar School wherein where [2O5.] one 
hundred and twenty scholars in very good order, the South Writing 
in the common, wherein were Two hundred and seventy scholars 
in good order, the writing school in Queen Street of Fifty seven 
scholars in good order, and the North Grammar School of Thirty 
eight scholars in good order, and the North Writing School wherein 
were Two hundred and seventy Scholars in good order. 

THO". HANCOCK *) 

MlDDLECOTT CoOKE j 

W M . SALTER , , ,, 

JOHN STEEL > Select Men 

SAMUEL GRANT 
THO". HILL 

Voted that this Report be Accepted, and that the Gentlemen 
the Selectmen be desired to Visit the Publick Schools the Year 
Ensuing, and that they desire such Gentlemen to Accompany them 
therein as they shall think convenient & Report thereon, also 

Voted that the Selectmen for the time being, be and hereby 
they are desired to Recommend to the Masters of the Schools that 
they instruct their Scholars in Reading & Spelling and the Select- 
men are desired to provide suitable Books for that Purpose at the 
Charge of the Town, to be given to such Poor Children as they 
may think proper. 

The Selectmen appointed a Committee the thirteenth of March 
last, to consider what will be most for the Interest of the Town to 
do with the Lands & Buildings at the head of the Town Dock in 
the Possession of Thomas Hubbard Esq r . now reported as follows 
Viz 1 . 

That on the nineteenth of April last they Joyned with M r . Hub- 
bard in the choice of five Freeholders to Value and Apprize the 
Buildings on said Land Erected by said Hubbard agreeable to the 
Lease made him by the Town who afterwards Viewed said Build- 
ings and Agreed that the Town ought to Pay M r . Hubbard Twenty 
One hundred & Sixty pounds old tenor in full for the Value of 
said Buildings over and above the Thirty pounds formerly paid 
him for part of the Wall on the North [2O6.] side and that 
they said Selectmen on behalf of the Town had since taken Pos- 
session of said Lands and Buildings, & they Apprehend it will be 
most for the Interest of the Town to Pay M r . Hubbard the said 
Sum of Two Thousand one hundred and sixty pounds for said 
Buildings. 

Which Report was Read & Voted that the same be Accepted, 
Also Voted that the Selectmen be and hereby they are fully 
impowered to Lett or Lease said Lands and Buildings to 
such Person as will give the greatest Rent for the same and 
advance the aforesaid Sum of Two Thousand one hundred and 
sixty pounds due to M r . Hubbard such person to hold the premisses 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1749. 163 

until the sum by him advanced is paid him in his Rent, as the 
same shall be agreed on by said Selectmen, and the Selectmen 
when they shall have so agreed are desired to Execute Leases 
accordingly. 

The Town Enter'd into the consideralion of that Article in the 
Warrant Viz', what is best to be " done with the several Law 
suits now Depending in the Superiour Court between the Town 
and M r . Edward Bromfield & others concerning Oliver's Dock" 
and after some Debate thereon, It was Voted that M r . John Tyng, 
M r . Thomas Greene, M r . William Fairfield, M r . Jeremiah Belknap 
and M r . William Palfrey be and they hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to confer with M r . Bromfield or any other persons that are 
Abutters on said Dock, or pretend any Right or Interest therein 
as also such of the Inhabitants as are Injured by the filling up of 
said Dock hear what proposals may be made to them for an ac- 
commodation of said affair, and Report the same to the Town at 
the Adjournment of this meeting. 

The Petition of Thomas Gunter of Boston merchant setting 
forth, That the Petitioner being informed that at the Building the 
late School house in School street no provision was made for a 
Cellar under the said School he therefore thinking that so good 
an opportunity [2O7.] ought not to be lost to the Town in not 
having a good Cellar under the said School which will preserve 
said School from Rotting made Application to the Selectmen of 
the Town to Build a Cellar at his own Cost and charge depending on 
the known honour and Justice of the Town to give him such a term 
of Years in said Cellar, as shall be adequate to the Expence of 
Building the same he therefore with the Approbation of the Select 
men has Compleated Built and Bluished the said Cellar which Cost 
him Three hundred Sixty eight pounds sixteen shillings old tenour 
bills, and so prayed the Town will be pleased to allow him so many 
Years in the said Cellar as may be a sufficient Recompence for the 

same was Read & thereupon It was Voted that the Selectmen 

be and they hereby are Impowered to give and Execute a good Lease 
of said Cellar unto said Thomas Gunter, To hold the same for 
the Term of Twenty one Years from this Day (any Vote or order 
respecting the Power of the Selectmen in leasing out the Towns 
Lands notwithstanding) which shall be in full Satisfaction for the 
Expence he has been at in building said Cellar, provided that he 
or any that any that may hold under him shall not put therein any 
Pitch, Tarr, Oyl, or Combustible Things the whole Term, and also 
that he Pay to the Treasurer of the Town for the Time being, the 
sum of Five shillings new Tenour Bills Yearly and every Year 
until the Expiration of said twenty one Years. 

The Petition of Thomas Greene, & Henry Johnson of Boston 
Merchants, was Read, Setting forth that the Gun house in the 
common stands close to the Rear part of their Lands and is not 
far distant from the Dwelling house of one of the Petitioners which 
makes the same very detrimental to them and greatly Incoinodes 
their Estates that the same may be removed to another place, 
more for the Benefit and Convenience of the Town, & they are 
are willing to be at the Expence of Removing it praying the Select 



164 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Men may be Impowered to remove it at their Expence to such 
place as they [2O8.] may think best whereupon it was Voted 
that the Selectmen be and hereby are desired to Remove said Gun- 
house (at the Pet". Charge) to such other place as tliey shall Judge 
best. 

The Petition of M r . John Lovel Master of the South Grammar 
School praying for an Addition to his Salary was Read, and there- 
upon It was Voted that the same Salary he reciev'd the last Year 
Viz'. Six hundred pounds old tenor be allowed him for this Year. 

Also Voted the same Salary that was given to the several School- 
masters & Ushers of the Town the last Year be continued to 'em 
for this Year. 

The Selectmen appointed a Committee the tenth of May last to 
consider of the Petition of Thomas Fleet relating to a peice of Land 
in Water Street now Reported that they had viewed said Lands 
and searched the Records relating to it, and find that the Town 
have a peice of Land there belonging to 'em, which is bounded & 
measures as follows Viz*. Westerly on the Land of the heirs of 
M r . Samuel Greenleaf & M r . Jon a . Furnass there measuring Thirty 
feet six Inches then Northerly on Water Street there measuring 
Ten feet, Easterly, on said Street there measuring twenty feet six 
inches, then Southerly on Spring Lane on a curv'd Line to the 
Bounds first mentioned, which being Read was Accepted and there- 
upon Voted that the said Peice of Land be added to said Writer 
Street for the use of the Town as loug as the Town shall think 
proper, provided the neighbours or Abutters will Pave the same. 

Mess". Alexander Young Sworn } ronHtfth i pq 

Josiah Waters Pay j l 
were chose Constables for the Year Ensuing. 

[2O9.] That Article in the Warrant relating to the Pavement 
of the Lanes leading to the church in Brattle Street was taken into 
consideration, and after some Debate thereon 

It was Voted that the Town will not give any thing toward 
repairing Dassetts Lane it being the property of Private Persons, 
and that the repairing the Pavement of the other Lanes be referr'd 
to the Selectmen to do what they think proper. 

The Town Entred upon the consideration of that Article in the 
Warrant Viz 1 . " Whether it be practicable for the Inhabitants to 
form a List of the Valuation of their Estates agreeable to the late 
Act of the province " and after a long Debate thereon. It was Voted 
that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to Friday the Twelfth instant in 
order to give the Inhabitants time duly to consider of this Affair. 

And the Meeting was Adjourn'd to Friday the twelfth instant at 
nine o'Clock in the forenoon. 

Fry day the twelfth of May at 9 o'Clock in the Forenoon, the 
Town met according to Adjournment. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred and Fifty pounds old tenor 
Bills be paid out of the Town Treasury unto M r . Abijah Adams in 
full for his Service as Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market, and for cleans- 
ing & Sweeping the same Ringing the Bell & C a . for the Year past. 

Voted that the Sum of Four hundred and Fifty pounds old tenour 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1749. 165 

Bills be paid out of the Town Treasury unto the Hon oble . Joseph 
Wadsworth Esq r . in full for his Service as Treasurer for the Year 
past. 

Voted a Grant of Thirty six Thousand Pounds old tenor bills to 
be Rais'd by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within the Town of 
Boston for Relief of the Poor and defreying otber necessary 
Charges, arising within and for said Town the Ensuing Year. 

[21O.] The Article in the Warrant about taking a List of the 
Valuation of the Estates of the Inhabitants which came under con- 
sideration at the opening of this meeting and then largely Debated, 
and continued to this time was now again considered of, and after 
a very long Debate thereon, It was unanimously 

Voted that the Town judge it to be impracticable for the Inhabi- 
tants to form a List of the Valuation of their Estates agreeable to 
the late Act of the Province. 

The Petition of M r . John Fenno Keeper of the Grannr}* Read 
at the Opening of the Meeting and continued over to this time, 
Praying for an Addition to his Salary, was considered of, and 
thereupon it was Voted that the Selectmen be and hereby are Im- 
powered when they settle Accompte with said Fenno at the End of 
the Year to Allow him the sum of one hundred & fifty pounds old 
tenor bills for his Service the Curr*. Year, or in proportion for the 
time he shall continue in that place. 

Voted that the Selectmen be and they hereby are Impowered to 
Lease the Lands & Buildings late in Possession of Thomas Hub- 
bard Esq r . at the head of the Dock for such a Term over & above 
Seven Years as they shall think proper, the Vote now in force 
notwithstanding. 

M r . John Larrabee. Pay. Constable 
was chosen Constable for the Year Ensuing. 

Voted that all matters and Things that now remain unfinished 
be continued over to the Adjournment of this Meeting to be then 
considered, and Acted upon. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given unto 
the Hon oble James Allen Esq r . [till.] the Moderator of this 
Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to Tuesday the 27 th . day 
of June next nine o'Clock in the forenoon and the same was Ad- 
journ'd accordingly. 

Tuesday June 27 th . 9 oClock in the Forenoon the Town met 
according to Adjournment. 

The Committee appointed the 9 th of May last to Confer with 
M r . Bromfield or any other persons that are A butters on Olivers 
Dock or pretend any Right or Interest therein as also such of the 
Inhabitants as are injur'd by the filling up of said Dock, hear what 
proposals may be made to them for an accommodation of said 
affair and make Report &C a . now Reported that they had met and 
Conferr'd with M r . Edward Bromfield & Christopher Tilden several 
times, that they propose to the Town for an accommodation that 
upon the Towns discontinuing their Actions now depending in the 
Superiour Court against them, and paying them their Costs they 



166 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

will permit the Town to have a Watercourse through said Dock, 
the Town maintaining the same, and also that the, neighbours who 
have drains thro' the Dock shall have liberty at all times to Repair 
'em, paying all Damages that may arise thereby. A Question was 
put Whether the Town will accept of said Report, Unanimously. 

Voted in the Negative. 

Voted that M r . Thomas Greene, Joseph White Esq r . & M r . 
William Fail-field be and hereby are Added to the Committee 
appointed by the Town the twelfth day of May A D 1747 for 
bringing forward any Suit or Suits in the Law against any person 
or persons whatsoever that have made any Encroachments on the 
Towns Lands Situate in Water Street or near to Olivers Dock or 
adjoyning to the same in this Town, and in the Name of the Town 
to Appear in any of His Majestys Courts of Record and pursue 
such Suit or Suits until final Judgment and Execution, and Act 
and Do [312.] whatsoever they or the major part of them shall 
judge necessary to be done in and about the premisses, and espe- 
cially if they see cause to referr the several Actions relating to said 
Dock that are now depending in the Superiour Court of Judicature 
&C a . in Boston to the Determination of such persons as shall be 
Agreed upon by the said Committee and Parties concerned. 

The Selectmen appointed a Committee the 14 th . of March last 
to Advertize the Leasing of the Lands and Salt Ponds on the 
Neck, recieve proposals concerning the same &C*. Reported that 
they had Advertiz'd that said Lands were to be Leased, but that 
no Person would take a Lease thereof for Seven Years being the 
Term to which the Selectmen are Confin'd by a Vote of the Town, 
and that they apprehended it would be for the Interest of the 
Town to Enlarge the term of Years for which said Lands are to be 
Leased. Thereupon It was Voted that the Selectmen be and they 
hereby are fully Authoriz'd and Impowered to Lease out said 
Lands & Salt Ponds on ttiQ best Terms they can and to such 
Person or Persons as they shall judge proper, for any Term of 
Time not exceeding Twenty one Years, the said Town Vote of 
seven Years notwithstanding, and they are desired in the Name 
and Behalf of the Town to Execute Leases accordingly. 

M r . John Wells was chosen Constable for the Year Ensuing and 
Sworn. 

M r . William White was chosen Clerk of the Market. 

Then the Meeting was Dismissed. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified and lawfully Warned in 
Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Friday the 
Eighth day of December 1749. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting was Read. 

John Phillips Esq r . was chose Moderator by a handy Vote. 

The Moderator directed the Inhabitants to withdraw and bring 
in their Votes for four Collectors of Taxes for this present Year, 
in the Room of four persons who were chose into that Office in 
March last and refuse to serve, the Inhabitants accordingly with- 
drew and brought in their Votes, and upon Collecting 'em it 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1749. 167 

Appeared there was Twenty seven Voters, and that the following 
Gentlemen were chose by a very great Majority. Viz*. 
Samuel Welles Esq r . ^j 

Andrew Oliver Esq r . Collectors of Taxes 

Thomas Hutchinson Esq r . & f 
M r . Edmund Quincy 

the choice being Declar'd the Moderator inform'd the Inhabitants 
that the said Samuel Welles Andrew Oliver & Thomas Hutchinson 
Esq. were not Obliged by Law to serve as Collectors of Taxes, 
and M r . Edmund Quincy refusing to serve, the Moderator desired 
the Inhabitants to withdraw again and bring in their Votes for four 
other persons as Collectors of Taxes, the Inhabitants immediately 
withdrew and brought in their votes accordingly, and upon Collect- 
ing and sorting 'em it appeared that. 
Mess. Josiah Quincy "1 Excus'd 

William Bowdoin refuses to serve r . 
James Pitts f refuses to serve 

John Comrin J Excus'd 
were chose. 

Then the Meeting was Adjourn'd to three o'Clock P. M. 
Three o'Clock in the Afternoon, The Inhabitants met. 
[214.] Mess. Josiah Quincy and John Comrin appear'd and 
inform'd that within seven Years past they had been chose into 
the Office of Constables, and so were not Obliged by Law to Serve 
as Collectors of Taxes, they were thereupon Excus'd and Mess. 
William Bowdoin and James Pitts declared they would not serve 
as Collectors of Taxes, Whereupon the Moderator directed the In- 
habitants to withdraw and bring in their Votes, and upon sorting 
'em, it Appeared that 
Mess. Thomas Oxnard 
James Boutineau 
Isaac Winslow 
Nicholas Boyleston 
were chosen, and they being inform'd thereof by a Constable sent 
their Answer to the Moderator that they would not serve in said office. 
Whereupon it was Moved and Seconded that this Meeting be 
Dismissed, and that the Selectmen be desired to call another Meet- 
ing of the Inhabitants, as soon as may be, desiring in the Notifica- 
tions that the Inhabitants in General would give their Attendance 
in order to consult upon the best Method that can be taken to 
choose such persons for Collectors of Taxes as will serve, which 
was Voted accordingly. 

And the Meeting was Dismissed. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duty qualified and lawfully warn'd in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the Eighteenth 
daj r of December A.D. 1749. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting, Read. 

John Phillips Esq r . was chose Moderator by a handy Vote. 

[215.] The Town proceeded to consider of that Article in the 
Warrant Viz*. Whether any Addition shall be made to the Allow- 



168 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

ance or Premium Voted in March last for collecting of the Taxes 
of this Year and after some Debate thereon. Voted in the Negative. 
The Town then brought in their Votes for four Collectors of 
Taxes and upon sorting 'em it Appeared that 
Mess". Thomas Greene Excus'd 

John Spooner refuses to serve 
John Gooch refuses to serve 
Jonathan Clarke Excus'd. 
were chose. 

Then a Motion was made & seconded by many of the Inhabit- 
ants that the Vote pass'd this forenoon relating to the Allowance 
or Premium for Collecting of Taxes may be Reconsidered Voted 
in the Affirmative by a great Majority, then It was Moved & Voted 
that the sum of three pence on the pound be & hereby is Added to 
the nine pence on the pound Voted in March last for Collecting 
the Taxes of this Year, the Collectors to Pay the respective 
Treasurers & give security according to said Vote. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjournd to 3 oClock P.M. 
Three oClock the Inhabitants met & Voted that this Meeting 
be further Adjourn'd to Friday next 10 o, Clock A.M. 

Friday 10 o'clock in the forenoon the Town met and were 
directed to bring in their Votes for four Collectors which they 
accordingly did, and upon Sorting 'em it Appeared that 
Mess. John Grant "| 

Joseph Russell I Collectors . 

James Day & 
Thomas Downe jun r . J 

were chose all of whom Appeared & Accepted. 
Then the Meeting was Dimissed. 

[216.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly Qualified and lawfully Warned iu 
Publick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
twelfth day of March A.D. 1749. 

Prayer was made by the Rev 4 . M r . Thomas Prince. 
The Warrant for calling the Meeting . . . Read. 
Sundry Laws. Read. 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of a Moderator by a written 
Vote, and upon sorting 'em it appeared that the Hou ble . James 
Allen Esq r . was chosen. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait was unanimously chose Town Clerk for the 
year ensuing and Sworne to the faithful Discharge of his Duty in 
that Office by the Hon. Jacob Wendell Esquire. 

Voted, That the Town proceed to the Choice of Seven Selectmen 
and the Votes being brought in and sorted, it appeared that 
Thomas Hancock Esq r . 
M r . Middlecott Cooke 
John Steel Esq r . 

Cap 1 . William Salter }- Select Men. 
M r . Samuel Grant 
M r . Thomas Hill & 
M r . John Gardner 
were Chose by a very Great Majority. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1749-50. 169 

The following Gentlemen were chose Overseers of the Poor 
Viz'. 

The Hon. Jacob Wendell Esq r . 
William Tyler Esq r . 
Col. John Hill 
Thomas Hubbard Esq r . 
Daniel Henchman Esq r . 



[217.] M r . Edward Bromfield 

Col. William Downe 



Overseers of the 
Poor. 



The Hon. Andrew Oliver Esq r . 
John Phillips Esq r . 
M r . Isaac Walker 
Cap*. Eben r . Storer 
M r . John Barrett 

Upon a Motion made and Seconded, Voted that the Person 
chose into the Office of Town Treasurer shall hereafter be Obliged 
to give Bonds for the faithful Discharge of his Duty in that 
Office, to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen for the time being. 

Voted that the Town proceed to the Choice of a Town Treasurer, 
and the Votes being accordingly brought in and Sorted it appeared 
that there was no Choice, whereupon the Inhabitants withdrew, 
and brought in their Votes again, & upon Sorting 'em it appeared 
that M r . David Jeffries was Chose, and he was accordingly sworn 
in, by the Hon. Jacob Wendell Esq r . 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a County 
Treasurer, which being Collected, were according to Law sealed 
up by M r . Constable Featherstone to be by him kept and returned 
to the next Quarter Sessions. 

Upon a Motion made and Seconded Voted unanimously that the 
Thanks of the Town be and hereby is Given unto the Hon 1 * 1 ". 
Joseph Wadsworth Esq r . late Treasurer of the Town for his long 
and faithful Services in that Office. 

Voted that no Person that has been chose into the Office of a 
Constable within Seven Years past, shall be again chose to that 
Office for the Ensuing year. 

Voted tliat this Meeting be and hereby is Adjourned to three 
o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

[218.] Three aClock in the Afternoon, The Town being As- 
sembled. 

Voted, That twelve Constables be chose, distinct from the Col- 
lectors of Taxes. 

Voted, that the Person chose into the Office of a Constable for 
the year ensuing, be Excused from serving provided he Pay to the 
Town Treasurer the Sum of Twenty Pounds old tenor bills. 

The Selectmens Report on the Accompt of M r . John Fenno 
keeper of the Granary for the Year past, as Enter'd in his Book 
(and on file in the Town Clerks Office) Read and Voted that the 
said Report be accepted, and accordingly that M r . Fenno be 
further Accountable to the Town for four hundred & thirty 
bushels of Indian Corn at 24/ p bush 1 , being 516 . . . and 67 
bushels of Rye at 34/ shillings p bushel being 113,, 18 . & also 
for Cash 1908.. 13.. 7. all which amounts to the Sum of Two 



170 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Thousand five hundred & thirty eight pounds Eleven shillings & 
Seven pence old tenor bills, & which is now in his hands, exclusive 
of his Salary of One hundred & fifty pounds, and for assist- 
ance Fifty pounds, which is hereby allowed to the said John Fenno, 
as p his Accompt. 

Henry Bromfield Pay 

Timothy Fitch Pay 

Ephraim Green Sworne 

Royal Tyler Pay 

William Greenleafe Pay 

Francis Archbald Pay 

John Phillips Jun r Pay 

John Burroughs Pay 

John Ryder Sworn 

John Kneeland Jun r Pay 

Isaac Smith Pay 

Phillip Bennest Excus'd 

were Chosen Constables for the year ensuing. 

Mess". Robert Trail Pay 

Thomas Lawlor Sworn 

Tim . Newell Pay 

John Erving Sworn 

James Trench Sworn 

John Henly Excus'd 

[219.] John Barker Sworn 

Abraham Tuckerman .... Sworn 

Cornelius Tileston Excus'd 

Jonathan Greenleafe Excus'd 

Edward Gushing Pay 

Adjourn'd to nine a Clock tomorrow morning. 

Tuesday, March 13 th . The Town met according to Adjournment. 
Mess". Nathaniel Hodgdon . Sworn 
Josiah Carter 

James Dawson . . Sworn 
John Allen . . . Sworn 
Thomas Hase 

Thomas Hartley . . Sworn 

were Chosen Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". "William Moore . . . Sworn 
Benjamin Russell . . Sworn 
James Tilestone . . . Sworn , Viewers 
Onesiphorus Tilestone . Sworn 

Caleb Ray Sworn 

Thomas March . . . Sworn 
were Chosen Fence Viewers, for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". Isaac Vergoose . . Sworn ^ 
William Pain . . . Sworn 
Clement Collins . . Sworn , r . * 

John Grant . . . Sworn J> Vie * era . of 
William Merchant . 
Andrew Symmes . . Sworn 
John Low .... Sworn 



Sealers of Leather. 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1749-50. 



171 



William Nichols . . Sworn ^ 

Moses Eayres. . . Sworn viewers of 

John Greenough . . I 

John Simpson . . Shingles &C. 

Henry Allen . . j 

were Chosen Viewers of Boards, Shingles, &C*., for the Year en- 
suing. 

[22O.] Mess". John Cotton . . . Sworn 

Edward Whittemore . Sworn 

Samuel Greene . . Excus'd 

John Kilby . . . Sworn 

Pearn Cowell . . . Sworn 

were Chosen Constables, for the Year Ensuing. 

Mess. Sam 1 . Phillips Savage . . Sworn 

Thomas Allen .... Sworn 

Joseph Palmer .... Sworn 

W m . Blair Townsend . . Sworn 

Royal Tyler Sworn 

Samuel Edwards . . . Sworn . Clerks of the 
Joseph Edwards .... Sworn f Markets. 
Arthur Savage .... Sworn 
Thomas Newman . . . Sworn 
Timothy Newell .... Sworn 
Aaron Boardman . . . Sworn 
Thomas Etheridge . . . Sworn 
were Chosen Clerks of the Market, for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Nathaniel Band 

Hugh Paul 

were Chosen Hawards, for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Harvey Thomas 
Benjamin Ballard 
Joseph Dyer 
Benjamin Sault 
Joseph Savel Jun r . 
John Hobbs .... Sworn 
Peter Cotta 
Thomas Sergeant 
Edward Cowell . . . Sworn 
Samuel Treat 

were Chosen Cullers of Staves, for the Year ensuing. 
[221.] Mess. John Brocas . . . . ^ 

Peter Jenkins Sworn TT 

William Green Sworn H g reeves - 

William Todd Sworn J 

were Chosen Hogreeves, for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". Joseph Edwards 
Benjamin Harrod 
Edward Winter 

Belcher Noyes \> Scavingera. 
Nathaniel Thwing 
David Wheeler 
John Potter 



Hawards. 



Cullers of Staves. 



172 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

David Jenkins 
David Cutler 

Ellis Wilson ^ Scavingers. 
William Baker 
Joseph Belknap 

were Chosen Scavingers , for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Thomas Greene ~\ 

Joseph Jackson > Purchasers of Grain. 
Thomas Stoddard ) 
were Chosen Purchasers of Grain, for the Year ensuing. 

The said Committee are desired and Impowered to give all need- 
ful Directions to the Keeper of the Granary respecting the Quan- 
titys of Grain to be Sold, and Setting the Price thereof from time 
to time as Occasion shall require. 

Mess. Thomas Foster jun r . Sworn ) A 

David Cutler Sworn f Assa y master8 ' 

were Chosen Assay-masters for the Year ensuing. 

M r . John Gray . . . Sworn ^ Surveyor of Hemp. 
vas chose Surveyor of Hemp, for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". David Colsbn . . . 

Benjamin Harrod Sworn 

were Chosen Informers of Deer, for the Year ensuing. 
[222.] Nothing done thereon ^Tythingmen. 
The Selectmen of Boston \ Surveyors of highways. 

Mess. Henry Newman Pay 

Robert Rand jun r Pay. 

Mess. John Phillips Esq r . 



> Informers of Deer. 



John Hill Esq r . 
Cap'. John Carnes 
Cap 1 . Isaac White 
Cap'. Joseph Russell 



Cap'. Henry Berry 
Cap'. Joseph Jackson 
Cap'. James Day 
M r . Robert Breck 
M r . John Scolley 
were Chosen Firewards, for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Joseph Russell 
James Day 



Firewards 



Benjamin Edwards 
John Grant 

were Chosen Collectors of Taxes, for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Edmund Quincy Pay ) ^ rT n 

William Rand Pay j Constables. [In margin.] 

M r . Abijah Adams 
were Chose Clerk of Faneuil Hall Mark for the Year ensuing. 

M r . William Holmes Excus'd 

Voted that the Sum of twelve pence on the pound be and hereby 
is allowed to be paid to the Collectors of Taxes for the year ensu- 
ing for all such sums as they shall Collect provided they Pay unto 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1749-50. 173 

the Town Treasurer one half part of the whole sum they are 
['423.] Obliged to pay him within three Months from the time 
of receiving the Tax Books from the Assessors, and the other half 
part in three months after, and also pay to the Province and 
County Treasurers one half part of the whole Sums they shall be 
obliged to pay them respectively in six months from the time they 
receive the Books from the Assessors as aforesaid, and the other 
half part in six months after ; and in Case either of the said Col- 
lectors shall fail paying the said Treasurers in the above manner, 
the Collector so failing shall not be Entitled to the aforesaid allow- 
ance of twelve pence on the pound for Collecting, but wholly for- 
feit the same provided also that the said Collectors give Bond with 
sufficient Suretys to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faith- 
ful, Discharge of their Duty in that Office, and Complying with 
this Vote. 

Mess. Nathaniel Barber Sworn 

William Fairfield Sworn 

Jacob Parker Sworn 



Joseph Fitch Sworn 



> Assessors. 



Thomas Foster Sworn 

John Winslow Sworn 

Joseph Bradford Ex. 
were Chosen Assessors, for the Year ensuing. 
M r . William Lowder Sworn 
M r . John Welch Ex'cus'd. 

The Petition of M r . Middlecott Cooke of Boston Gent n . setting 
forth, that since the removal of the South Latin School house from 
off the Towns Ground adjoyning to the old Burial place several of 
the Inhabitants of the Town have made a range of Tombs on the 
lower side of said Ground with a Brick Wall whereby a small peice 
of Land is left out of the Burying Ground abutting on your Petit r . 
which can be of no use to the Town, but would be of some Bene- 
fit to him in order to make the backway into his yard somewhat 
more convenient, and as your Petit r . in order to straiten and widen 
the passage way leading into the Burying place gave in some of his 
Land notwithstanding it was before very narrow [224:.] Just in 
that place, the Petit r . praying the Town to take the same into their 
Consideration, and in lieu thereof give him the whole, or so much 
of said Land as they shall think proper wns Read, and thereupon 
Voted that the Hon ble . Jacob Wendell Esq r . Abiel W alley Esq r . & 
M r . Thomas Greene be and they hereby are appointed a Committee 
to Consider of this Petition, View the Lands therein mentioned 
and Report t the Adjournment of this Meeting, what is proper for 
the Town to do thereon. 

The Petition of sundry Inhabitants praying that the Sum of 
Fifty Pounds new tenor bills ma\- be allowed to Christ's Church 
for cleaning fitting and fixing the Clock there, that the same for 
the future be maintained by the Town, and that the great Bell 
there be rung at one o'Clock, now came under Consideration, and 
after some Debate thereon, the question was put, whether the 
prayer of the Petition be granted, It pass'd in the Negative, and 
that said Petition be disiniss'd. 



174 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Voted that the Hon ble . John Wheelwright Esq r . 
M r . Joseph Green & 
M r . Thomas Greene 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Examine and 
Adjust the Books and Accompts of the Hon bie . Joseph Wadsworth 
lale Treasurer of the Town, and if they think best, Transferr said 
Accompts into new Books or take such other Method as they think 
proper, and Do whatsoever they shall Judge necessary for a final 
Settlement of the Towns Accompts with said Joseph Wadsworth 
Esqr. and he is desired to attend said Committee from time to 
time, as occasion shall require. And said Committee are desired 
to Audit the Accompts of the Overseers of the Poor respecting the 
Workhouse and Almshouse at the usual place of said Overseers 
meeting, and when they have Compleated the Business aforesaid, 
are desired to make Report thereon to the Town. 

Voted that the Hon ble . Thomas Hutchinson Esq r . 
the Hon ble . S:imuel Welles Esq r .and 

Benjamin Prat Esq r . be and [225.] 

they hereby are appointed A Committee to Revise all the By-Laws 
and Orders pass'd by the Town that are now in force, and Correct 
the same as they think proper, they are also desired to prepare a 
By Law for preventing Negroes and Servants purchasing provisions 
&c. and also any other By Laws that they may Judge necessary 
for the better Regulation of the Town, and make Report of their 
doings hereon at the General Town meeting in May next. 

The Petition of William Bowen praying that the Town will make 
him such an allowance as they shall think proper for the Damages 
he has sustained in being prosecuted in the Law by Nathaniel 
Wardell was now read and after some Debate thereon, the Ques- 
tion was put, whether the Prayer of the Petition should be granted, 
And it pass'd in the Negative, and that said Petition be dismissal. 

The Petition of M r . Samuel Gibson Usher of the South Grammer 
School, praying that an additional allowance may be made him for 
his Services, and that an Increase may be made to his Salary for 
the future, was now read and after a short debate thereon, It was 
Voted that the Sum of One hundred pounds old tenor bills be and 
hereby is allowed unto M r . Gibson in full for past Services, and 
that the Consideration of the other part of his Petition Viz' for an 
addition to be made to his Salary be referr'd to the General Town 
Meeting in May next. 

Voted that the Assessors be and they hereby are allowed to sit 
upon the Abatement of Taxes to the first day of June next and 
no longer, saving that they have Liberty to sit the second and 
third Weeks in November next to Abate the Taxes of such persons 
as shall appear to be dead, or out of Town, and could not have 
made application to them therefor before the said first day of 
June. 

The Memorial of John Hill Esq r . M r . Samuel Wentworth and 
M r . Sutton Byles was now read, setting forth that the Memorial- 
ists have on certain Terms hired of the Selectmen in [226.] Be- 
half of the Town, sundry parcels of the Towns Lands 'and Marshes 
on Boston Neck for twenty one Years, which term they conceive 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1749-50. 175 

is much too short for them to reap Advantages adequate to the 
Labour Expence & Hazard that will attend a faithful Discharge 
of the Ingagements they are under to the Town, and said Me- 
morialists being inclined to Effect their Obligations to the Town 
in the best and amplest manner, pray the Town will extend the 
term of their Leases for Ten Years, over and above the twenty 
one Years aforesaid, and that the Selectmen may be directed and 
impowered to give and Execute Leases to them for said ten Years 
accordingly wliich will the better enable the Memorialists to 
Accomplish their very large Expensive & hazardous undertaking 
and thereupon It was Moved that the Leases made and Executed 
by the Selectmen to the Memorialists bearing date the first day of 
March Inst 1 . might be now read, which was accordingly done, and 
then the Memorialists being heard, and the affair fully Debated 
and Considered, It was Voted that a further Term of Ten Years 
be, and hereby is granted unto the said John Hill, Samuel Went- 
worth and Sutton Byles in the said Lands and Premisses to them 
respectively leas'd by the Selectmen on the first of March instant 
they to hold the same for that time upon the Conditions and Terms 
of the former Lease ; which makes their whole term therein Thirty 
one Years from the first of March Instant. Also Voted that the 
Selectmen be and they hereby are fully Authorized and Impowered 
to give and Execute Leases to the said Memorialists of said Lands 
and Premisses, for said Additional ten years accordingly. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to Wednesday the 21 rt . 
inst. to three o'Clock in the afternoon, and the same was Ad- 
journ'd accordingly. 

[227.] Wednesday the 21 st . of March, the Town met accord- 
ing to their Adjournment. 

Cap'. John Goldthwait was chose an Assessor for the Year en- 
suing in the Room of M r . John Welch who was Excus'd. 

The Committee appointed the 12 th . inst. to Consider of the Peti- 
tion of M r . Middlecott Cooke, now reported that they had 
attended that Business, Viewed the Land mention'd in said Peti- 
tion, and that it is their Opinion that the Town allow the Prayer 
of the Petition, that the Lands therein mentioned be granted to 
M r . Cooke upon his paying to the Town One Hundred and twenty 
Pounds bills of the old tenor. which Report being Read, It was 
Voted that the same be accepted. and that the said Land be & 
hereby is granted unto the said Middlecott Cooke for the Considera- 
tion aforesaid also Voted that the Selectmen or a Major part 
of them be and they hereby are fully Authorized and Impowered in 
behalf of the Town to Execute unto the said Middlecott Cooke a 
good and lawful Deed of said Land, upon his paying the aforesaid . 
Sura of One Hundred and twenty pounds. 

Voted that all Matters and Things that remain unfinished be 
referr'd over to the General Town Meeting in May next to be then 
considered of and Acted upon. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given unto 
the Hon ble . James Allen Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting, for 
transacting the Business thereof. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 



176 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and lawfully warn 'd in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the fifteenth day 
of May A.D. 1750. 

Prayer being made by the Rev d . Sam 1 . Checkley sen r . 

The Precept & Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

[228.] Sundry Laws Read. 

Thomas Hancock Esq r . one of the Selectmen in their name pro- 
pos'd to the Inhabitants assembled to proceed to the Choice of a 
person or persons to Serve for & Represent them in a Great and 
General Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday 
the thirtieth day of May instant, and in order thereto to Consider 
& Ascertain the Number of Gentlemen to be Elected, accordingly 
it was Voted to proceed to the Choice of four Representatives, and 
it was then declared that the Poll be clos'd at twelve o'Clock. 

The Votes being Collected the Number of Voters were found to 
be 541, and before they were Sorted, a Motion was made by M r . 
Thomas Greene & Seconded by many of the Inhabitants that a 
Question should be put to the Town " Whether it is Expected by 
the Inhabitants that the Persons that shall be now Chose for 
Representatives, Serve in that place without being paid for the 
same, And the Question shall be accordingly put, It was Voted by 
a very great Majority, that the Town do not expect that the 
Persons chose as Representatives receive any Pay. And then 
the Votes were Sorted and it thereupon appeared that the follow- 
ing Gent n . were chose Viz'. 

The Hon. James Allen Esq r . ?65. 

The Hon. Tho 9 . Hubbard Esq T . 520. 

M r . John Tyng 348. 

M r . Harrison Gray 296. 

The Election of Representatives being over, and the same being 
Declared by the Selectmen. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Moderator, 
and upon sorting the same it appeared that the Hon ble . James 
Allen Esq r . was chose. 

Voted that the Meeting be Adjourn'd to three o'Clock in the 
afternoon. 

Three a'Clock in the Afternoon the Town met according to Ad- 
journment. 

[229.] The Report of the Selectmen on the Visitation of the 
Publick Schools, Read and is as follows Viz 4 . 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston in Town Meeting Assembled May 15 th . 1750. 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Meeting the 
ninth of May last, desiring the Selectmen to Visit the several 
publick Schools, and Invite such Gentlemen to Accompany them 
therein as they should think proper, do now report, 

That on the 28 th of June last, We attended that Service, accorn- 
panyed with the following Gentlemen Viz 1 . 
The Hon ble . Jacob Wendell "] 

Samuel Danforth [ -p, 
Andrew Oliver 
Tho 8 . Hutchinson j 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1750. 177 

The Rev*. D r . Joseph Sewall 

M r . William Welsteed 
M r . Samuel Mather 
M r . Samuel Checkley Jun r . 
M r . Edmund Quincy 
M r . Thomas Greene 
D r . Sylvester Gardiner. 

and found that in the South Grammer School there were 120 
Scholars, in the South Writing School 278 Scholars, in the Writing 
School in Queen Street 72 Scholars, in the North Grammer 
School 45 Scholars, in the North Writing School 250 Scholars 
all in very good order. 

THOMAS HANCOCK 

JOHN STEEL 

WILLIAM SALTER 

SAMUEL GRANT ^ Selectmen. 

THOMAS HILL 
JOHN GARDNER 

Voted that this Report be Accepted, and that the Gent n . the 
Selectmen be desired to Visit the Publick Schools the Year ensu- 
ing, and that they Invite such Gent", to Accompany them as they 
shall think Convenient, and Report thereon. 

The Petition of D r . William Rand, praying for an Abatement of 
sundry Taxes, committed to him to Collect in the Years 1734, 
1735, 1736 & 1737, as in said Petition is set forth, was now 
read, [23O.] And thereupon Voted that the Assessors of the 
Town be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Consider of 
said Petition here the Pet, and report to the Town what Taxes 
ought to be Abated him. 

The Petition of sundry Inhabitants of the Town praying that 
the Pavement in Wood lane at the Northerly part of the Town 
may be taken up and laid Anew, was read, and thereupon it was 
Voted that the said Pavement be taken up, and laid anew, at the 
Expence of the Town, the same to be under the direction of the 
Selectmen. 

The Town Enter'd upon the Consideration of the Pet , of Mess. 
Joseph White, John Staniford and William Larrabee, praying they 
may be abated the Taxes they had paid for Harvard College and 
the Artillery Company, as the same were remitted by the General 

Court &c a . and it was thereupon Voted that the Taxes 

aforesaid be abated the Petitioners, and that the Selectmen be 
and hereby are desired to give Drafts on the Treasury to the 
Petit for the respective Sums they have paid for the aforesaid 
College and Company. 

Voted a Grant of Four Thousand pounds lawful money, to be 
rais'd by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within the Town of Boston 
for relief of the Poor & defreying other necessary Charges, 
arising within said Town the Year ensuing. 

Voted that the Selectmen be & hereby they are desired to 
Enforce the Payment of all such Taxes as became due, (and are 
still unpaid,) to the Town before the Year 1748. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred and twenty Pounds lawful 



178 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

money, be allowed and paid to M r . John Lovel for his Salary, as 
Master of the South Grammer School for the ensuing Year, the 
same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due and to Com- 
mence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the sum of One hundred and twenty [231. J Pounds 
lawful money be allowed and paid to M r . Peleg W is wall for his 
Salary as Master of the North Grammer School, for the ensuing 
Year, the same to be paid him quarterly, as it shall become due 
and to Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

The Article in the Warrant viz*, to determine whether applica- 
tion shall be made to the General Court to repeal the Law lately 
pass'd laying a Duty on Tea, Coffee, Coaches, Chaises &c a . or 
what may be proper to be done concerning it, was taken into 
Consideration and after some Debate thereon, It was Voted that 

Abiel Walley Esq r . 
The Hon. 'Samuel Welles Esq r . 
Charles Apthorp Esq r . 
Thomas Hancock Esq r . & 
M r . John Smith, be and they hereby are 

Impowered and desired to prepare the Draft of a Memor.al to 
to the Great and General Court or Assembly, praying them to 
repeal said Law, and if this cannot be obtained, that the same 
may be so far alter'd, as that the Town of Boston may receive 
the Benefit of the Duties arising on the several Commodities men- 
tioned in said Law and on Coaches, Chaises &c*. that are paid by 

the Inhabitants of Boston, and said Committee are desired to 

make report of such Draft at the Adjournment of this Meeting. 

The Article in the Warrant relating to the removing the Powder 
house in the Common, came under Consideration, but the Town 
will do nothing concerning it. 

Voted that the Sum of Fifty Pounds, lawful money be allowed 
and paid unto M r . Robert Treat Paine, for his Salary, as Usher 
of the South Grammer School, for the Year ensuing, the same to 
be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to Commence 
fiom the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred pounds lawful money, be 
allowed and paid unto M r . Abia Holbrook for his Salary as 
Master of the South Writing School in the Common, for the ensu- 
ing Year, the same to be paid him Quarterly, as it shall become 
due, and to Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

[232.] Voted that the sum of One hundred pounds lawful 
money be allowed and paid unto M r . Zachariah Hicks for his 
Salary as Master of the North Writing School, for the ensuing 
Year, the same to be paid quarterly as it shall become due, and 
to commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the sum of Eighty pounds lawful money be allowed 
and paid out to M r . Samuel Holyoke for his Salary as Master of 
the Writing School in Queen Street, for the ensuing year, the 
same to be paid him quarterly as it sliall become due, and to 
Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Fifty pounds lawful money be allowed 
and paid to M r . Samuel Holbrook for his Salary as Usher of the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1750. 179 

South Writing School in the Common for the ensuing Year, the 
same to be paid quarterly as it shall become due, and to Com- 
mence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Fifty Pounds lawful money be allowed 
and paid to M r . John Procter jun r . for his Salary as Usher of the 
North Writing School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him quarterly as it shall become due, and to Commence at the 
Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that a Sum not exceeding Fifteen pounds lawful money 
be allowed for repairing the North Battery and that John Steefe 
Esq r . Captain of said Battery, take care that the same be repaired 
accordingly. 

The Petition of sundry Inhabitants of the Town, praying that 
further Provision may be made for the Education and Instruction 
of the Children in Writing, more especially those that live at the 
South part of the Town, either by Enlarging the Writing School 
in Queen street or otherwise as the Town shall think proper. 
Read and thereupon It was Voted that Mess. Jeremiah Belkrap 
[233.] Zachariah Johonnot and Thomas Foster be and they 
hereby are appointed a Committee to Consider of this Petition, 
and they are desired to View the School house in Queen street 
under the care of M r . Samuel Holyoke, and see if it can be En- 
larged, and in what manner, or what else they may Judge proper 
to be done for the Relief of the Petitioners and Report hereou at 
the Adjournment of this Meeting. 

The Town proceeded to take into Consideration the Article in 
the Warrant viz', what Method is best to be taken to Secure their 
Marsh Lands at the bottom of the Common, & whether thev will 
Lease out the same, and after some Debate thereon. It was Voted 
that the Selectmen be and hereby are desired & Impowered to 
Advertize in the publick prints that said Lands are to be leased, 
and receive proposals concerning the same, and Report thereon, 
to the Town. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to Friday the 25 th . inst. 
at three o'Clock in the afternoon. 

Friday the 25 th . May, three o'Clock, the Town mett. 

A Motion was made and Seconded by many that this Meeting 
be immediately Adjourn'd to further day, and it was thereupon 
Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesday the 5 th . of June 
next at three o'Clock in the Afternoon, and the same was Ad- 
journed to that time accordingly. 

June 5 th . 1750. Tuesday three o'Clock P.M. the Town mett 
according to their Adjournment. 

The Committee appointed the 15 th . day of May last to Consider 
of the Petition of sundry Inhabitants praying that further Pro- 
vision may be made for the Education & Instruction of Children 
in Writing, as is therein fully set forth, now made Report, that 
they had attended that Service and found that there is Room on 
the Towns Land to Enlarge the School house in Queen street, at 
the Southerly End about Twenty two feet in length, and about 
Eighteen feet in wedth, and that it was their Opinion that said 
Sciiool will then Accommodate about One hundred and sixty or 



180 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

seventy Scholars, whereas it will now [234.] Accommodate 
but about Eighty or Ninet}', and if the Town sees cause to 
comply therewith, they Judge it will answer the prayer of the 
Petitioners." which Report being read, and a short Debate had 
thereon, It was Voted that the same be accepted, and also that 
the Selectmen be and hereby are I in powered and desired to 
Enlarge said School in Queen street, as soon as may be, and that 
they Extend such Enlargement as far beyond the Towns land into 
the street as may be without any Inconvenience to said street. 

The Committee appointed the 15 th . of May last, to prepare the 
Draft of a Memorial to the Great and General Court or Assembly, 
praying them to repeal the Law lately pass'd by said Court, laying 
a Dut}* on Tea, Coffee, Arrack snuff and China Ware, and also on 
Coaches, Chaises &c*. now made Report of a Memorial they had 
prepar'd which is in the following words Viz'. 

To the Honourable Spencer Phips Esq r . Lieu 1 . Governour and 
Commander in Chief of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, 
the Honourable the Council and House of Representatives in Gen- 
eral Court Assembled May 30 th . 1750. 

The Memorial of the Town of Boston, Humbly Sheweth, 

That the Inhabitants of said Town readily & chearfully acknow- 
ledge their Confidence in the Wisdom Justice & Goodness of the 
Great and General Court, and obligation to submit and pay obedi- 
ence to their Acts, nevertheless they humbly beg leave to represent 
some of the great Difficultys they apprehend, attending and con- 
sequent upon the Tempory Act pass'd in the last Sessions of the 
late General Assembly, Entitled an Act for Granting to his Majesty, 
an Excise upon sundry Articles hereafter Enumerated, for and to- 
wards the support of his Majesty's Government of this Province. 

Whereupon the}" pay liberty humbly to observe, That as Tra'le 
and Commerce are the great Business and support of the Town of 
Boston and almost the only means to enable them to pay between 
a fifth & a sixth part of the Charge of the whole Province, if their 
[235.] Trade sho'd fail, it is not possible they should pay any 
such proportion of the publick Expence, and that Trade is in a 
very languishing Condition, and almost ready to leave them, is 
very apparent from the almost Constant bad Voyages made, even 
when the Ships and other Vessels go and come in Safety, to add 
a further weight and burthen to that which is almost ready to sink 
with its former Difficulties, affects the Town very much in this 
Critical Conjuncture, when there is a profess'd design of some in 
the Neighbouring Governments, to strip them as far as possible of 
the trade they have had from their Foundation. 

The Town would further humbly observe, that the Business of 
retailing Tea, Coffee &c. is mainly carried on by Widows and 
persons in low Circumstances, who generally, very hardly get a 
poor subsistance and sho'd this Act continue and take place, there 
will be danger of their becoming a Charge and burthen to the 
Town. 

The Town begs leave further humbly to suggest to your Honours, 
whether this Act may not bring on the displeasure of those two 
great and powerful Corporations the East India & Turkey Com- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1750. 181 

panys in our mother Country, & whether the little profit which 
may arise by this Act is not much over balanc'd by the Risque of 
their Resentment. 

The Town are also much affected, with the danger of multiply- 
ing Excises, which if made effectual, will probably bring on a 
multiplication of Officers with very large & arbitary power, how 
Consistent these things will be (sho'd they come to pass) with the 
natural Rights and Libertys of Mankind and especially of English- 
men, has been abundantly discuss'd and very clearly evidenc'd in 
our mother Country on a late famous occasion. 

They are moreover very apprehensive, that these Excises will 
dispose many among us to remove into the Neighbouring Govern- 
ments, where they may trade upon and improve these Commodities 
without Duties, and it is very probable that many of the Inhabit- 
ants of this Province will mainly supply themselves from the Re- 
tailers of those Articles, who dwell in the other Governments, in 
which case the profit of selling them, will go out of the Province 
and nothing at all be paid into the Treasury here, & whether when 
these Retailers of Tea &C TS . can with such superiour and apparent 
advantage trade in these things out of [236.] The Province and 
supply us, they will not be tempted to Sell and our people to buy 
of them, other Commodities also, the Inhabitants of this Province 
are under some natural & almost inevitable difficulties, by their 
being a barrier to his Majestys Subjects and Interest in North 
America, which has greatly increased the Taxes of this Town, as 
they pay so large a proportion as has been mentioned, and thinn'd 
their numbers, both by the Wars, and the removal of diverse of 
our people to the Southern Governments, the Town humbly begs 
leave to enquire, whether it would not greatly discourage auy, even 
the Richest County in England, if a considerable Duty should be 
laid on their Consumption, when nothing at all was paid by their 
fellow subjects all round them. 

The Town are also much Concerned that there should be laid 
by this Act, such a duty on Coaches, Chariots, Chaises &c a . this 
. will fall principally on Boston which by your Honours Judgment, 
paid their proportion before, between a fifth and a sixth part of 
the Charge of the whole Province, but in this, they will pay much 
more than all the Province beside. 

Wherefore as well as for many other reasons your Memorialists 
humbly pray your Honours to repeal the above mentioned Act. or 
allow the Duties paid by the Inhabitants of Boston to be paid into 
the Town Treasury for the Town's use, or grant such other Relief 
as to your Honours known wisdom and Justice, and paternal care 
and goodness shall meet and suitable to the declining and distress't 
state of this sinking Town. 

Which being Read and Debated upon, It was Voted that the 
same be accepted, and that the Selectmen be and hereby are de- 
sired to prepair a fair Copy of said Memorial, Sign the same in 
behalf of the Town and present it to said General Court, at their 
next Sessions. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to Friday the 29 th . 
instant at three o'Clock in the Afternoon. 



182 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Friday the 29 th of June 1750, three o'Clock in the Afternoon the 
Town met according to Adjournment. 

[237.] Voted, that the Sum of Twenty pounds lawful money 
be allowed and paid out of the Town Treasury unto Abijah 
Adams in full for his Service, as Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market, 
for the year past. 

The Committee appointed to Audit the Accompts of the late 
Town Treasurer Joseph Wadsworth Esq r . now made Report as 
follows viz', that they had attended that Service, and find the 
several Draughts made on him by the Selectmen and Overseers of 
the Poor, are right cast and well vouch'd, and that there is re- 
maining unpaid of the several Draughts on him Twelve thousand 
three hundred and ten pounds, seventeen shillings and nine pence 
old tenor, which the new Treasurer M r . Jeffries is to pay by 
virtue of the Orders given by the Selectmen and Overseers of the 
poor to the late Treasurer, said Committee also find that the 
Hon. John Wheelwright Esq r . has Setled and Transferr'd the 
Several Ballances from the late Treasurer Wadsworths books, into 
a Sett of new Books for M r . Jeffries ; who was lately chosen 
Treasurer for the Town of Boston : and also that there is remain- 
ing due from the said Wadsworth unto the Town of Boston Eight 
hundred Seventy seven Pounds and five pence old tenor, except- 
ing what may be granted him for his Service the Year past. 

which Report being Read, It was Voted that the same be accepted, 

And it appearing by the Accompts of the late Treasurer 

Wadsworth that the sum of Six hundred and Sixty six pounds 
thirteen shillings and four pence bills of the new tenor 
granted by the General Court in the Year 1742 for Compleating 
the North Battery and purchasing Stores &c a . which was put 
into M r . Treasurer Wadsworths hands by order of the Town, to 
be by him kept until it was drawn out for that use, had been ap- 
plyed by him for payment of the Towns Debts, which he ought 
not to have done. In order therefore to replace the said Sum for 
the use aforesaid, It was Voted that the Town Treasurer be & he 
hereby is directed to replace the said Sum of Six hundred and 
Sixty six pounds thirteen shillings and four pence in the Town 
Treasury again, for the use aforesaid, as soon as he conveniently 
can, out of the moneys he shall receive belonging to the Town, 
and that he always keep the same distinct and seperate from the 
Towns other mone}', in order that it may be applied for paying 
the Expence of Compleating the said North Battery, & purchaseing 
Stores &c a . for the same, agreeable to the Design of the General 
Courts Grant, and that the Treasurer when he shall have so re- 
placed said Sum, do not apply it to any other use whatever, 
[238.] Without particular directions from the Town. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given to 
the Gentlemen the Committee aforesaid for their great pains and 
care in Auditing the Accompts of the late Treasurer Wadsworth. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given to 
the Hon ble . John Wheelwright Esq r . for his great Pains, Care and 
Labour in Settling the Accompts of the late Treasurer Wads- 
worth and transferring them into new Books. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1750. 183 

Voted that the Sum of Sixty six pounds thirteen shillings and 
four pence lawful money be allowed and paid out of the Town 
Treasury unto the Hon ble . Joseph Wadsworth Esq r . late Treasurer 
of the Town in full for his Salary for the year past as also for 
the Expences in his Office and all other Services he has hereto- 
fore done for the Town. 

The Town having at their last Meeting agreed upon a Memorial 
to be presented to the Great and General Court or Assembly 
praying that they would be pleas'd to repeal an Act they lately 
pass'd laying a Duty on Tea Coffee, Snuff, Arrack and China 
Ware, and on Coaches Chariots Chaises &c a . for the reasons in 
said memorial mentioned, and Voted that the same be presented 

by the Selectmen accordingly. The said Selectmen now 

inform'd the Town that they presented said Memorial to the 
General Court at their present Sessions, but that the same was 

Dismiss'd by said Court. Whereupon the Town proceeded 

to Consider of that other Article in the Warrant relating to said 
Act viz 1 , what may be thought proper for the Town now to do 
concerning it, And after a long Debate thereon, It was Voted that, 
the Town will make application at home, in order to prevent 
said Acts being Confirm'd by His Majesty, Also Voted that 

Abiel Walley Esq r . 
The Hon. Sam 1 . Welles Esq r . 

Charles Apthorp Esq r . 

Thomas Hancock Esq r . 

M r . John Smith 

Benjamin Pratt Esq r . & 

M r . Benjamin Kent 

[239.] Be and they hereby are appointed a Committee, to Con- 
sider of the best Method the Town can take to prevent said Acts 
being Confirm'd at home, either by presenting a humble petition 
to His Majesty, or taking such other Steps as they shall Judge 
best, and said Committee are desired to prepare whatsoever they 
may think necessary for Effecting the same, and make Report of 
their doings hereon at the Adjournment of this. Meeting. 

Voted that M r . David Jeffries Treasurer of the Town be and he 
hereby is desired and fully Impowered to borrow upon Interest of 
any person or persons a Sum not exceeding the Sum of two hun- 
dred and Fifty pounds lawful money, for the present supply & 
Relief of the Almshouse, and give his Bond or Bonds as a Security 
for the payment of the same with the Interest thereof which Bond 
or Bonds the Town do hereby promise and Engage to discharge 
when the same shall become due. 

Voted that M r . David Jeffries Town Treasurer be, and he is 
hereby directed to put in Suit at the Inferiour Court to be held at 
Boston in October next the Bonds that were given to the late 
Treasurer Wadsworth by the several Collectors of Taxes that have 
not paid in all such Taxes, as were Committed to them to Collect 
for the Year 1 748 or any time before. 

The Committee appointed to Consider of the Petition of D r . 
William Rand, praying for an Abatement of Sundry Taxes com- 
mitted to him to Collect in the Years 1734. 1735. 1736 & 1737. 



184 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

now made Report thereon (as on file) and the same being read a 
Question was put whether said Report be accepted, and it pass'd 
in the Negative, and thereupon It was Voted that said Petition be 
dismiss'd. 

Voted that the Assessors proceed forthwith in making the Taxes 
of the present year. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to Friday the 6 th . of July 
next, three o'Clock in the afternoon. 

Fridaj* the 6 th . of July 1750, three o'Clock in the afternoon, the 
Fowu met according to Adjournment. 

[24O.] The Committee appointed the 29 th . of June last, to 
Consider of the best Method the Town can take to prevent an Act 
lately pass'd the Great and General Court, laying a Duty on Tea 
Coffee Arrack Snuff and China Ware, and on Coaches Chariots 
Chaises &c a . being Confirmed at home, now reported " that they 
had mett and maturely considered the Affair, and were of Opinion, 
the best method the Town can take in order to prevent the afore- 
said Act being Confirm'd is, that the Town should desire some of 
the Principal Gentlemen here to write to their Freinds in London 
to Use their Interest to procure the Disallowance of said Act" 

And after a long Debate thereon, a Question was put, 

Whether said Report be accepted, and it pass'd in the Negative, 
but soon after upon a motion made and Seconded, a Question was 
put, Whether the Town will Reconsider their Vote last pass'd, and 
it was Voted in the Affirmative. And then a Question was put, 
Whether said Report shall be accepted, And it was thereupon 
Voted that said Report be Accepted with the following Amend- 
ment, viz', that an Agent be also Chose by the Town to appear in 
their behalf at home in order to prevent said Acts being Confirm'd 
by His Majesty, and that he be properly Instructed by a Commit- 
tee, to be chose by the Town, as to his Conducting this Affair. 

Voted that the Town immediately proceed to the Choice of an 
Agent accordingly. And the Votes being brought and Sorted, it 
appeared that Christopher Kilby Esq r . of London was chose. 

Then 

Voted that, Abiel Walley Esq r . 

The Hon. Samuel Welles Esq r . 

Charles Apthorp Esq r . 
Thomas Hancock Esq r . 
M r . John Smith 
Benjamin Pratt Esq r . & 
M r . Benjamin Kent, 

be a Committee to draw up Instructions for the Conduct of M r . 
Agent Kilby accordingly, and they are desired to forward the same 
to him as soon as may be. 

[41.] Voted that the Thanks of the Town be given to the 
Honourable James Allen Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting for 
managing & Dispatching the Business thereof. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of tho 
Town of Boston duly Qualified and lawfully warned, in public!*. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1750-51. 185 

Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the seventh 
da\- of January Anno Dom. 1750. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting .... Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of the Moderator (by a 
written Vote) and upon Sorting the Votes it appeared that John 
Phillips Esq r . was unanimously chose Moderator. 

The Town proceeded to Consider of the Business mention'd 
in the Warrant viz 1 , whether they will preferr a Petition to the 
Great and General Court at their next Sessions, praying the Town 
may be Exempted from paying any greater or other part of the 
Expence for rebuilding the Court house in Boston, than their pro- 
portion thereof, that is included in the province & County Tax. 

and after some Debate thereon A Question was put, and it 

was unanimously Voted that the Town do preferr a Petition to the 
General Court at their next Sessions for the purposes aforesaid 
accordingly. Also 

Voted that the Selectmen be and they hereby are appointed a 
Committee to prepare a Draft of said Petition, and report the 
same to the Town for their acceptance, at the Adjournment of this 
Meeting. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to "Wednesday the 9 th . 
instant, three o'Clock P.M. 

[242.] January 9 th . 1750. Wednesday 3 o'Clock P.M. the 
Town met according to Adjournment. 

The Committee appointed the 7 th . instant to prepare a Draft of a 
Petition to be presented to the General Court, now reported the 
same in the words following Viz'. 

Province of the . 1 To the Hon. Spencer Phips Esq r . Lieut. 

Massachusetts Bay j Gov r . & Commander in Chief, the Hon ble . 

the Council and Rep, of the Province 

aforesaid in General Court Assembled the 

ninth day of January 1 750. 

The Petition of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, in Town 
Meeting regularly Assembled January 7 th . 1750. 
Most Humbly Sheweth, 

That your humble Petitioners have been inform'd that by a Vote 
of the Great & General Court in the Year 1747 It was Ordered 
that the Court house in Boston should be rebuilt, and that the 
charge thereof should be born one half, by the Province, one 
Quarter part by the County of Suffolk and one Quarter by the 
Town of Boston, and that by a Vote of the Hon ble . house of Rep ves . 
pass'd the present Year, it was Ordered that the aforesaid Vote 
pass'd in 1747, sho'd be carried into Execution, and that the In- 
habitants of the Town of Boston should be assess'd accordingly, 
but the Vote of the Hon ble . House was not passed by the Hon . 
Board. As your Petit, humbly Apprehend that they would be 
greatly aggreiv'd and Injur'd if the Vote of the Hon ble . Court in 
1747 sho'd ever be pursued to Effect, they beg leave to make a 
short Representation of their Case to your Honours, and to lay 
before you their Exceptions against the said Vote. 

And your Memorialist accordingly Represent that it appears 



186 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

probable from the ancient Records of the Town that about th? 
Year 1657 a House was built on the Towns Land for the immediate 
Use and Service of the Town, & that the [243.] Charge thereof 

was born by a Subscription of the Inhabitants. It further 

appears from the Province Law made in the Year 1693. that the 
said House had some time before been made use of both by the 
Province and County as well as by the Town, and it was therefore 
by the then General Court thought reasonable and determin'd 
that the Charge of repairing the same should be born, one half by 
the Province, one quarter by the County of Suffolk and one quarter 
by the Town. : In the Year 1711, by the Providence of God the 
said House was Consumed by Fire Soon after which the General 
Court were pleas'd in their Wisdom to appoint a Committee to 
Con (err with the Town upon proposals made for rebuilding said 
House, and upon the Proportion which the Town should bear of 
the Charge thereof, The Town being then destitute of any House 
for publick Meetings, and other publick uses, agreed to the pro- 
posals made by the General Court, with some Amendment or 
Alteration, and Expressed their Consent by a Vote at a General 
Town Meeting, and then appointed two of their own Inhabitants 
viz'. Thomas Brattle Esq r . and M r . William Payne to join with the 
Committee of the General Court in carrying on the work ; and 
certain parts of said house were destin'd and appropriated to the 
Immediate use of the Town ; and the Town continued to Improve 
the same until October 1742. when Peter Faneuil Esq r . gen- 
erously caused to be Erected, at his own Charge a commodious 
Building for the publick Use and Service of the Town, to which all 
the Papers and Records of the Town were soon after remov'd, & 
where all publick Meetings have ever since been held. And those 
Rooms in the Townhouse which had been appropriated to the im- 
mediate use and Service of the Town were then Improved for the 
Service of the General Court, and the Town have ever since been 
wholly Excluded from any benefit thereof, except by the Rents of 
the Cellars only, till it was lost Consumed, and had it continued 
in the state it was in the Town would probably before this time 
have applied to your Honours to have freed them from their propor- 
tion of Charge they had before paid towards the constant Repairs 
thereof, But it pleas'd God in his providence in the month of 
December 1747. to Suffer the Townhouse to be again Consumed 
by Fire, and this while in the immediate use and Service of the 
General Court. Soon after which a Committee of the General 
Court conferr'd with the Selectmen of the Town concerning the 
Disposition of the Inhabitants as to their part of the Charge of re- 
building the same, but the Selectmen then did [244.] Not and 
declared to said Committee that they could not give any Encour- 
agement that the Town would consent to any greater part thereof 
than their proportion of the Province Tax ; and had the IIon hle . 
Court been pleas'd to make their proposals to the Town as was 
done by the General Court in 1712. the Town would undoubtedly 
have declin'd a Complyance therewith 

Now your Petitioners humbly hope, that when this their Case is 
Considered in all its Circumstances, your Honours will Judge 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1750-51. 187 

favourably concerning it, they humbly Conceive that if the Town 
had not been provided with another House, the Compelling them 
to Rebuild & Improve this, whether they inclined to it or not, 
would have distinguished them from all the other Towns in the 
Province, who are at Libert}' to Erect their publick Buildings vvhen 
and where the}' please, and it is Evident that the General Court iu 
1712. thought the Town ought not to be compell'd, but that their 
Consent should be given ; Must it not then appear to your Honours 
a much greater hardship that the Town should be held to pay more 
than their proportion in common with the rest of the Province for 
the Charge of building a House, which they have no manner of 
Use and Occasion for & when those Rooms the Town formerly had 
in it for several years past have been and still are wholly Improved 
by the Province. 

Your Memorialists could Enlarge upon the unequal Proportion 
they Imagine they Pay to the Province Tax upon the Decrease of 
the Polls, Buildings and other Estate of the Town, and the declin- 
ing State of their Trade, but they humbly Apprehend that without 
this, your Honours will be Induc'd to think favourably of this their 
Application, and that you will not Suffer the aforesaid Vote by 
which they apprehend themselves to be aggrevied, to take Perfect, 
or that you will otherwise releive them, as to your Wisdom shall 
seem meet. 

And your Petit, as in Duty bound shall pray &c*. 

By order of the Town . . 

Which being Read, it was unanimously Voted that the same 
[245.] Be accepted, and that a fair Copy thereof be prepared 
and Signed by the Town Clerk in behalf of the Town and that the 
Selectmen be and they are hereby desired to present it to the Great 
& General Court accordingly. 

Then the Meeting was dismiss'd. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally Qualified, and duly warned in Publick 
Town Meeting Assembled, at Faueuil Hall on Monday the Eleventh 
day of March, A.D. 1750. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . William Welsteed. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of a Moderator by a written 
Vote, and upon Sorting 'em, it appeared that the Hou ble . James 
Allen Esq r . was chose. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Town Clerk, 
and upon Collecting of 'em, there was 398 Votes, and upon sort- 
ing 'em, it appeared that Ezekiel Goldthwait was chosen by a very 

great Majority, having 377 Votes. and be was accordingly 

sworn in by John Steel Esq r . and he also took the Oath required 
by the Act of the 22 d of George the second relating to Bills of Credit. 

The Petition of several Inhabitants praying the Town would 
Consider of the great Expence occasion'd by the Publick Schools, 
and determine whether one Grammer School, and two Writing 
Schools are not sufficient for the Education of the Children of the 



188 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Town. was Read, and thereupon a Motion was made by the 
Petitioners, and Seconded, that they may have Liberty to withdraw 
said Petition, and the Question being put It was Voted in the 
Affirmative, and said Petition was withdrawn accordingly. 

Voted that the Town proceed to the Choice of seven Selectmen, 
[246.] And the Votes being brought in and Sorted it appeared 
that 

Thomas Hancock Esq r . 
John Steel Esq r . 
M r . Samuel Grant 
M r . Thomas Hill 
M r . John Gardner 
Joshua Hens haw Esq T . & 
M r . George Holmes, were chose. 

Voted that the person chose into the Office of a Constable for 
the Year ensuing be excused from Serving provided he pay to the 
Town Treasurer Three Pounds Lawful Money. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Town Treas- 
urer and upon viewing 'em, it appeared that M r . David Jeffries was 
unanimously Chose and sworn in by John Steel Esq r . to a faithful 
Discharge of his Duty in that Office, and took the Oath relating to 

Bills of Credit &c a . 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given unto 
M r . Middlecott Cooke and Cap'. William Salter, who for several 
Years past have Served as Selectmen, for their many & faithful 
Services done for the Town while in that place. 

Voted that the Gentlemen the Representatives of the Town be 
and hereby they are desired to use their Endeavours at the next 
Sessions of the General Court to get a Law pass'd, that the Town 
may have Liberty to choose (if they see cause) any greater Num- 
ber of Firewards, than the Number they are already confin'd to by 
Law. 

Voted that twelve Constables be Chose distinct from the Col- 
lectors of Taxes. 

Mess. John Watt Sworn 

John Doane Sworn 

George Bethune Paid 

Jon*. Simpson Paid in 1743 

John Amiel Excus'd 

Uriel Rea Sworn 

Benj a . Harrod Excus'd 

Gilbert Deblois Excus'd 

John Crosley Sworn 

[247.] Voted that no person that has been chose into the 
Office of a Constable within Seven Years past, shall be again chose 
to that Office the ensuing Year. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to 3 o'Clock in the after- 
noon. 

Monday 3 o'Clock in the Afternoon, the Town met according to 
Adjournment. 

The following Gentlemen were chose Overseers of the Poor fbr 
the Year ensuing Viz*. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1750-51. 189 

The Hon. Jacob Wendell Esq r . 
William Tyler Esq r . 
Col. John Hill 

The Hon. Thomas Hubbard Esq r . 
Daniel Henchman Esq r . 
M r . Edward Bromfleld 
Col. William Downe 
The Hon. Andrew Oliver Esq r . 
John Phillips Esq r . 
M r . Isaac Walker 
Cap 1 . Ebenezer Storer 
M r . John Barrett 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a County Treas- 
urer, which being Collected, were according to Law Sealed up by 
M r . Constable Doane to be by him kept, and returned to the next 
Quarter Sessions. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Register of 
Deeds and Conveyances for the County of Suffolk, which being 
Collected, were according to Law Sealed up by M r . Constable 
Doane to be by him kept, and returned to the next Quarter Ses- 
sions. 

John Hill Esq r . 
John Phillips Esq*. 
Cap'. John Carnes 
Cap*. Joseph Russell 
Cap*. Henry Berry 
Cap*. James Day 
Cap*. Joseph Jackson 
M r . John Scollay 
Maj r . Nath'l Thwing 
M r . Royall Tyler 

[248.] The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for seven 
Assessors and upon sorting 'em it appeared that 

Mess. Jacob Parker Sworn 

Nath 1 . Barber 

William Fairfield 

Thomas Foster 

John Winslow 

Peter Oliver ....>...... Sworn 

John Kneeland 
were Chosen. 

Mess". John White Pay 

Timothy Prout Pay 

Alex r . Hill Pay 

Benj". Hammett Pay 

John Erving Jun r Pay 

Jon*. Williams Pay 

Voted that this Meeting be adjourned till tomorrow morning, 
nine o'Clock. 

Tuesday Morning, 9 o'Clock, the Town met- according to Ad- 
journment. 

M r . Joseph Curtis \ Hay ward. 



190 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



Cullers of Staves. 



Hogreeves 



Mess". Benj*. Ballard, Sworne 
Joseph Dyre 
Benj a . Sault 
Joseph Savel Jun r . 
John Hobbs 
Peter Cotta 
Tho". Serjeant 
Edward Cowell 
Samuel Treat 
Isaac Fowle 

Mess. John Roger Sworn 
Isaac Vergoose Sworn 
James Barnard Jun r . 
John Lee Blacksmith 
[249.] Mess. William Maccarty 
Joseph Edwards 
Belcher Noyes 
Daniel Pecker 
Jonathan Pay son 
Robert Ford 
William Pritchard 
John Potter 
Daniel Jones 
Jabez Hunt 
William Torrey 
Benj*. Fitch 
Mess. Thomas Greene 1 

Joseph Jackson v Purchasers of Grain. 
John Scollay ) 
were chose Purchasers of Grain. 

The said Committee are desired and impowered to give all need- 
fol Directions to the Keeper of the Granary respecting the Quan- 
titys of Grain to be sold, and setting the price thereof from time 
to time, as Occasion shall require. 



Clerks of the Market. 



M r . John Gray Sworn \ Surveyor of Hemp. 
Mess". David Collson ) Informerg of Deer> 

Benj: Harrod j 

The Selectmen of Boston, Sworn \ Surveyor of Highways. 
Nothing done thereon \ Tythingmen 
Mess. Nathaniel Hodgdon 

Josiah Cartel- 

John Allen 

Thomas Hartley 

James Dawson 

Thomas Hase 



Sworn 

Sealers of Leather. [In margin] 
[85O.] Mess. Benj". Russell 
James Tileston 
Onesiphorus Tileston . 
Thomas March 



Sworn 
Sworn 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1750-51. 



1Q1 



William Moore Sworn 

Caleb Ray Sworn 

Fence Viewers. [In margin] 
Mess". William Nichols 

Henry Allen Sworn 

Clement Collins Sworn 

John Grant 

Isaac Vergoose Same 

William Paine 

John Greenongh Refuses to Swear 

Andrew Simms Sworn 

Moses Eayres Sworn 

Joseph Giddings Sworn 

John Simpson Sworn 

John Low Sworn 

were chose Viewers of Boards Shingles &c a . for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Sam 1 . Phillips Savage 

Thomas Allen .... Sworn. 

Royal Tyler 

David Jenkins .... Sworn. 

Henry Atkins jun r . . . Sworn. 

Will 1 ". Blair Townsend 

Henry Laugliton jun r . . Sworn. I Clerks of the 

Henry Newman ... Excus'd. f Market. 

Samuel Edwards . . . Sworn 

Joseph Edwards . . . Sworn 

Arthur Savage .... Excus'd 

Thomas Ethericlge . . Sworn 

Tim . Newell .... Sworn 

Thomas Gray 

Clerks of the Market. [In margin] 
Abijah Adams . . . Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market. 
The Selectmen's Report on the Accompt of M r . John Fenno 
keeper of the Granary for the year past, as Enter'd in his Book 
(and on File in the Town Clerks Office) Read & Voted that the 
said Report be accepted and according!}' that M r . Fenno be further 
accountable to the Town for 156 bush. Corn & 334 bush. Rye 
being (36: 17: OJ & Cash 321: 16: 10. being in the whole 
388: 13: 10J. lawful money, all which is now in his hands, 
Exclusive of 20. for his Salary, & 6 : 13 : 4. for Assistance, 
which is hereby allowed him. 

[251.] Voted that the sum of Twelve pence on the pound be 
and hereby is allowed to be paid to the Collectors of Taxes for the 
year ensuing, for all such Sums as they shall Collect, provided 
they pay unto the Town Treasurer one half part of the whole Sum 
they are obliged to Pay him within three months from the time of 
receiving the Tax Books from the Assessors, and the other half 
part in three months after, and also Pay to the Province and 
County Treasurers one half part of the whole Sums they shall 
be obliged to pay them respectively, in Six months from the time 
they receive the Books from the Assessors as aforesaid, and the 
other half part in Six Months aft'er ; and in case either of the said 



192 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Collectors shall fail paying the said Treasurers in the above 
manner, the Collector so failing shall not he Entitled to the afore- 
said allowance of twelve pence on the Pound for Collecting, but 
wholly forfeit the same. provided also, that each of said Col- 
lectors give Bond with sufficient Suretys to the Satisfaction of the 
Selectmen for the faithful Discharge of their Duty in that Office, 
and complying with this Vote. 
Mess. Benjamin Edwards 
John Gfant 



Joseph Russell 



> Collectors of Taxes. 



James Day 
John Ruddcok 
Thomas Downes jun r . 
were chose Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Shrimpton Hunt .... Pay ^ 

John Fillis Pay I 

John Waldo Pay j 

John Nichols Pay } Constables. 

William Husbands . . . Pay 
William Hyslop .... Pay | 
William Powell .... Pay J 
were chose Constables for the Year ensuing. 

Mess. William Cunningham . . . Pay ") 

Obediah Curtis Sworn 

Daniel Collins Sworn 



> Constables. 



Jere: Belknap jun r Excus'd 

Nath 1 . Wales Excus'd. 

Benj a . Eaton Excus'd. 

Edw d . Sanders Excus'd. 

Sam 1 . Procter Sworn J 

were Chose Constables for the Year ensuing. 

[25 '4.] Mess. Samuel Bass . . . Sworn "^ 

Richard Fisher . . Excus'd 

Joseph Payson . . Sworn I Constablps 

Nathaniel Rogers . Excus'd [ 

David Bell . . . Sworn 

John Norton . . . Excus'd j 

Beniamin Sumner . Excus'd. ) /-, 

T u r\r 4. v c Constables. 

Josiah Waters . . Sworn j 

Voted that M r . Thomas Greene 

And r . Oliver Esq r . 

Tho'. Hutchinson Esq r . 

John Hill Esq r . & 

M r . William Cooper 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to make a full and 
particular Enquiry into the present State of the Town, and what 
are the Causes of the great Expence thereof, and Consider what 
Method the Town can take in order to prevent or reduce the same, 
and said Committee are desired to make their report hereon at the 
Town Meeting in May next. 

The Petition of Elias Dupee was read, setting forth that he was 
one of the Collectors of Taxes in this Town for the Years 1744, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1750-51. 193 

1745, 174G & 1747, and took the utmost Care & Pains in Collect- 
ing such Taxes as were committed to him, notwithstanding which, 
by means of the great poverty of many of the Inhabitants, and 
others being absent at Sea, who never returned, there were con- 
siderable Sums that he could not get in, tho he has paid and satis- 
fied the Town, County and Province for the whole of 'em, and 
having made no application before, now, that the Taxes of such 
poor and absent persons may be Abated him he prays the Town 
would appoint a Committee to Enquire into the Circumstances such 
persons were in the beforemeutioned Years whose Taxes he could 
never get, hear the Pet r . and report to the Town what they ap- 
prehend ought in Justice to be abated him, And it was thereupon 
Voted that the Assessors of the Town be a Committee to Consider 
of said Dupees Petition, hear him thereupon, and report to the 
Town what Taxes ought to be abated him. Also Voted that the 
Selectmen give a Draft on the Treasury to said Dupee for the 
Premium due to him for Collecting the Taxes [253.] For the 
year 1747. 

The Petition of Cap'. Benjamin Edwards praying for an abate- 
ment of Sundry Taxes committed to him to Collect in the Years 
1748. & 1749. was Read, Voted that the same.be dismiss'd. 

The Petition of William Rand, praying for an Abatement of 
sundry Taxes committed to him to Collect in the Years 1734. 1735. 
1736. and 1737. was Kead, Voted the same be dismiss'd. 

Voted that the Assessors be and they are hereby allowed to Sit 
upon the Abatement <>f Taxes to the first day of June next and no 
longer, saving that they have Liberty to Sit the second and third 
Weeks in November, to Abate the Taxes of such persons as shall 
appear to be dead, or out of Town, and 'could not have made 
application to them therefor, before said first day of June. 

The Town Entred upon the Consideration of that Article in the 
Warrant viz 1 . Whether any more effectual Method than is already 
prescrib'd by Law can he taken, to prevent the Disorders that are 
frequently committed by Negroes in the night, and thereupon 
Voted that the same be referr'd to Thomas Hutchinson, Samuel 
Welles & Benjamin Prat Esq. the Committee appointed the 13 th . 
of March last, to revise all the By Laws and Orders of the Town 
now in force, and they to make Report thereon. 

Voted that the Province Law made and pass'd in the first Year 
of the Reign of her late Majesty Queen Anne, Entitled an Act to 
prevent Disorders in the night, be printed in all the publick 
Newspapers for the better Information of the Inhabitants. 

The Petition of Alexander Hunt of Boston Shipwright setting 
forth, that the Town are possess'd of a small Peice of Laud near 
to Forthill in Boston, adjoyning to the Petit. Land in part, which 
has not for many Years been of any benefit to the Town, and it's 
likely from the Situation of it never will be, but as it is somewhat 
commodious to him he is willing to purchase the same of the Town 
and give such a Consideration therefor as they shall Judge rea- 
sonable, praying the Town would take the premisses into Consid- 
eration, and sell him the small peice of Land aforesaid for what it 
may be Judged worth, the same being read it was Voted that 



194 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Mess. Jonathan Williams [254.] Thomas Greene and Major 
Nathaniel Thwing be a Committee to take said Petition into Con- 
sideration, View the peice of Land petition'd for to be Sold, and 
Report to the Town at their meeting in May next, whether they 
apprehend it will be for the Interest of the Town to Sell it. 

The Article in the Warrant viz 1 . " To Consider whether the Town 
will have an Engine Erected near the middle part of it, for the 
weighing of Hay brought in by Water." was taken into Consider- 
ation, and thereupon, it was Voted that the Selectmen be desired 
ta receive proposals from any persons that may offer 'em for the 
weighing of Hay in the middle part of the Town and report 'em to 
the Town at their Meeting in May next. 

Voted that this Meeting be adjourn'd to three o'Clock in the 
Afternoon. 

Three o'Clock in the Afternoon the Town met according to their 
Adjournment. 

Voted that the Hon ble . John Wheelwright Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Greene 
M r . Harrison Gray 
M f . Sam 1 . Phillips Savage & 
M r . William Cooper 
be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the 

Accompts of M r . David Jeffries, Treasurer of the Town. and 

also the Accompts of the Overseers of the Poor, for the Year past, 
and they are desired to make Report thereon at the Meeting of the 
Town in May next. 

Voted that all Matters and Things that remain unfinish'd, be 
and hereby are referr'd over to the Meeting of the Town in May 
next, to be then Considered of, and Acted upon. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given to 
the Hon ble . James Allen Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting, for 
managing the Affairs thereof. 

Then the Meeting was dismiss'd. 

[255.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, duly Qualified and Lawfully warned iu 
Publick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 
14 th . day of May A.D. 1751. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Samuel Mather. 

The Precept & Warrant for calling the Meeting . . Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

Thomas Hancock Esq r . one of the Selectmen in their Name pro- 
pos'd to the Inhabitants assembled to proceed to the Choice of a 
person or persons to Serve for and Represent them in a Great and 
General Court to be held at Boston upon Wednesday the twenty 
ninth day of May instant, and in Order thereto, to Consider and 
Ascertain the Number of Gentlemen to be Elected, accordingly it 
was Voted to proceed to the Choice of four Representatives, and 
it was then declared that the Poll be clos'd at twelve o'Clock. 
The Votes being Collected the Number of Voters were found to be 
4G3. and before they were Sorted, A Motion was made by M r . 
Thomas Greene, and Seconded by many of the Inhabitants, that a 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1751. 195 

Question maybe put, "Whether it be the mind of the Town to 
Enquire of the Gentlemen that Served as Representatives the last 
Year, if they had received or intended to receive any Pay for Serv- 
ing as Representatives the last Year," and the same being put It was 
Voted in the Affirmative by a very great Majority, and those Gen- 
tlemen being present, Enquiry was accordingly made of 'em, to 
which they answered Viz 1 . James Allen Esq r . That lie had not re- 
ceived any Pay, & was not determin'd in his own mind, whether he 
sho'd or not. Thomas Hubbard Esq r . "That he had not taken 
nor been to the Treasury for any Pay, but as the not taking Pay, 
was an Affair that may be attended with ill Consequences, he is 
inciin'd to Submit the Consideration thereof to the Town. M r . 
John Tyng" That he was determin'd to receive his Pay, and dis- 
pose of it as he tho't proper. M r . Harrison Gray that he was de- 
termin'd to receive his pay. and then the Votes were Sorted & 
it thereupon appeared that three Gent", only were Chose Viz'. 
The Hon ble . James Allen Esq r . 253. 

M r . John Tyng 263. 

M r . Harrison Gray 300. 

and then the Inhabitants withdrew and brought in their Votes for 
[256.] Another Representative, and upon Sorting 'em. it appeared 
that the Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq r . was chose by a great 
Majority. 

The Election of Representatives being over, and the same de- 
clared by the Selectmen. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Moderator, 
and upon Sorting 'em it appeared that the Hon ble . Thomas Hub- 
bard Esq r . was chose by a great Majority. 

Voted, That this Meeting be adjourn'd to three o'Clock in the 
Afternoon. 

Three o'Clock in the Afternoon the Town met according to Ad- 
journment. 

The Report of the Selectmen on the Visitation of the Publick 
Schools Read, and is as follows viz'. 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Bos- 
ton in Publick Town Meeting Assembled May 14 th . 1751. 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Meeting the 
15 th of May last, desiring the Selectmen to Visit the several Pub- 
lick Schools, and Invite such Gentlemen to Accompany them 
therein, as they sho'd think proper, do now Report. 

That on the 22 d . day of June last, We attended that Service 
accompanied with the following Gentlemen Viz'. 

The Hon. Edward Hutchinson Esq r . 
The Hon. John Osborne Esq r . 
The Hon. Ezekiel Lewis Esq r . 
The Hon. Jacob Wendell Esq r . 
The Hon. Samuel Watts Esq r . 
The Hon. John Wheelwright Esq r . 
The Hon. Thomas Hutchinson Esq r . 
The Gentlemen the Representatives of Boston. 
The Rev d . M r . Thomas Prince 
Tliu Rev d . M r . Samuel C heckley 



196 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

The Rev d . D r . Charles Chauncey 
The Rev d . M r . Ellis Gray 
The Rev d . M r . Andrew Eliot 
[257.] William Tyler Esq r . 

Henry Atkins Esq r . 
Col. John Hill 
M r . Josiah Quincy 
M r . Thomas Flucker 
M r . James Bowdoin 
M r . David Jeffries 

And found that in the South Grammer School there were 117 
Schoolars, in the Writing School 260 Scholars, in the Writing 
School in Queen Street 93 Scholars, in the North Grammer School 
43 Scholars, in the North Writing School 267 Scholars, all in very 
good Order. 

THOMAS HANCOCK "| 

SAM 1 -. GRANT , 

T 8 JJ ILL f Selectmen of Boston. 

JN. GARDNER 

Voted that this Report be Accepted, and that the Gentlemen 
the Selectmen be desired to Visit the Publick Schools the Year 
ensuing, & that they Invite such Gentlemen to Accompany them, 
as they shall think convenient, and Report thereon. 

The Petition of George Lamott of Boston Fisherman, setting 
forth, that for several Years he has sold fresh Fish at the Market 
at the head of the Town Dock, which place has been improved for 
that use for a long Course of Years, & has been found greatly con- 
venient to the Inhabitants, but there being no House or Shed to 
Skreen the Fish from the Heat in Summer, great Quantitys of it 
are often spoil'd, a considerable Loss is thereby occasional to the 
Petit 1 ", as well as to the Publick. The Petit r . therefore proposes 
to the Town to Erect a small Building at his own Expence on or 
near the place where the Fish have heretofore been sold, as the 
Town shall think proper, which will be a means of preventing any 
Loss of Fish in Summer, and Securing the Inhabitants that come 
there to buy Fish from the Inclemencys of the W heather in Winter, 
and as he shall carry off every thing that may be offensive, he prayed 
the Town would give him Liberty to Erect said Building accord- 
ingly said Pet , being Read, It was thereupon Voted that said 
Petition be referr'd to the Selectmen, & they be & hereby are im- 
powered to give Liberty to said George Lamotte (if they see 
cause) to Erect a Building on such a place at the head of the 
Dock as they shall Direct, for the purposes mentioned in his Peti- 
tion, the same to Continue so long, as the Selectmen for the time 
being shall Judge proper, and to be under their Regulation. 

[2558.] The Petition of James Fairservice praying the Town 
would Regulate the Market for the Sale of Hay & Sand, was 
Read & 

Voted that the Town will not Sustain said Petition. 

The Town Enter'd upon the Consideration of the Petition of 
sundry Inhabitants praying that the Encroachment's made on the 
highway leading from Hudson's point Southwesterly to the Mill 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1751. 197 

Stream by M r . Gee's Building- yard called Ferry-way may be 
removed, and said way repair'd, and after some Debate thereon It 
was Voted that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to Consider of said Petition enquire particularly into the 
circumstances of said way, what the Expence of repairing it will 
amount to, and receive proposals from any of the Inhabitants, as 
to their paying any part of the Charge of repairing the same, & 
Report hereon at the Adjournment of this Meeting. 

Voted, a Grant of Four Thousand Pounds lawful money, to be 
rais'd by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within the Town of Boston 
for relief of the Poor, and dei'reying other necessary Charges, aris- 
ing within said Town the year ensuing. 

The Hon ble> John Wheelwright Esq r . & others a Committee ap- 
pointed the 12 th . of March last to Audit the Accompts of M r . 
David Jeffries Treasurer of the Town, now reported, that they 
had attended that Service and found the Accompts right cast and 
well Vouch'd, and the said Treasurer Charges himself with what 
was remaining due from the several Collectors last Year, with the 
Stock of Grain, Powder &c a . & what he had received from the late 
Treasurer Wadsworth as also for a new Tax for the Year 1750, 
with Several Fines received from the Justices &c a . & Rent's, all 
which Amount to 8782,,10,,6f & the said Treasurer discharges 
himself with the Draughts remaining unpaid in the late Treasurer 
Wadsworths time, also for what he has already paid of Draughts 
from the Selectmen and Overseers, & with several abatements, 
made the Collectors &c a . all which amounting to 6421, ,10, ,2 by 
which it appears that when all the Taxes and Rent's are paid in, 
the Ballance will be twenty three hundred & sixty one pounds & 
four pence half penny due to the Town, which the said [!59] 
Treasurer further is to account for as appears by the Trial Ballance 
on the other side of said Report, which is on File, all which is 
humbly Submitted &c a . Which being Read, Voted that the same 
be and hereby is accepted. 

The Committee appointed the 12 th . of March last, to mnke 
Enquiry into the present State of the Town, and the Causes of the 
great Expence thereof, and Consider what Method the Town can 
take in order to prevent or Reduce the same, now reported, that 
they had met and s attended that Service & having particularly 
Inspected the Accompts both of the Selectmen and Overseers of 
the Poor, agreed upon the whole to Report as follows Viz'. 

1 st . That the Charge of supporting the several Publick Schools 
amounted the last Year to more than - part of the whole Sum 
drawn for by the Selectmen ; but altho. this Charge is very Con- 
siderable, & the number of Schools is greater than the Law requires, 
Yet as the Education of Children is of the greatest Importance to 
the Community ; the Committee cannot be of Opinion that any Sav- 
ing can be made to Advantage on that head ; except the Town 
should think it expedient to come into Methods to oblige such of the 
Inhabitants who send their Children to the Publick Schools and are 
able to Pay for their Education themselves, to ease the Town of 
that Charge by assessing some reasonable Sum upon them for that 
purpose. 



198 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

2 dly . There are one or two Lesser Articles in the Selectmeng 
Accompts in which the Committee apprehend there be some Sav- 
ing, as in Reducing the Number of Bells d:iily rung, and at different 
hours of the day, the Committee being of Opinion that two Bells 
rung iu different parts of the Town viz' at 5 in the morning, one at 
noon, & nine in the Evening, together with the Bell at the Open- 
ing of the Market would be sufficient. 

3 d!y . And the Charge of Purchasing and Supporting Bulls, the 
Committee are of Opinion ought not to lie upon the Town in gen- 
eral, but upon such Inhabitants only as keep Cows therein. 

4 thly . The Committee have likewise Considered the several Arti- 
cles of Charge in the Accounts of the Overseers of the Poor, but 
know of no Reduction that can be well made therein, except it be 
in the Doctors Accompts, in which they apprehend there might be 
considerable Saving if a Box of Medicines were laid in at the 
Almshouse put up and bought at first hand, out of which the 
Towns Physician should Administer to his Patients [26O.] With- 
out Doors as well as those within. 

5thi y> -pk e Overseers having likewise laid before the Committee 
a List of persons confin'd in the Workhouse & made a State of that 
Account, the Committee are of Opinion that the Draughts made 
upon the Treasurer for the Support of that House is occasioned by 
the number of distracted, helpless & infirm people supported 
therein, who must otherwise have been a Town Charge, and that 
Exclusive of these Subjects the Workhouse is of little or no Ex- 
pence to the Town 

But considering the great Charges the Town is at, the Committee 
humbly move that it be Recommended to all who have the disposal 
of the Town's moneys to be as frugal as the nature of the respec- 
tive Services, and the Interest of the whole will admit. 

All which is humbly Submitted. 
THO". GREENE in behalf and by 
desire of the Committee. 

Which being Read, Voted that each Paragraph of said Report be 
taken into Consideration seperately, and by it self, and thereupon 
the first Paragraph was Debated, and the following Question put 
Viz'. Whether the Town will come into any Alteration or other 

method than they now have relating to the Schools Voted in 

the Negative, & that, that Paragraph of said Report be not 
Accepted. 

Then the Second Paragraph in said Report, was Debated, and 
Voted that the same be accepted, and that no Bells be rung for 
the future but the Bell at the old North Church, the Bell at D r . 
Sewall's Church Viz', at the hours of five, one and nine o'Clock, 
and the old Brick Church at the hour of Eleven. 

Then the third Paragraph was Debated, & Voted that the same 
be Accepted, and that the Charge of purchasing and supporting 
the Bulls, shall be paid by such of the Inhabitants only as keep 
Cows, and the Selectmen are desired to take such Methods as 
may be necessary for obliging the Inhabitants aacordingly. 

Then the fourth Paragraph was Debated, & Voted that the 
same be Accepted, and that the Overseers of the Poor be & hereby 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1751. 

they are desired to provide a Box of Medicines for the use of the 
Almehouse &c a . and also take any other method they shall Judge 
necessary for reducing the Expences of the [261.] Town in 
Supporting the Almshouse. 

Then the fifth Paragraph was Read & Voted that the same be 
Accepted 

On a Motion made and Seconded, Voted that the several 
Masters of the Publick Grammer Schools and Writing Schools in 
the Town be directed not to refuse taking into their respective 
Schools, any Child or Children that may be brought to 'em for 
Education, in case Enterauce money (so called) is not paid said 
Masters, and also that they shall not demand any Pay or Allow- 
ance for Instructing such Children, as belong to the Town, and 
that attend in School hours only. 

Also Voted that the Selectmen for the time being give Direc- 
tions to said Masters what money they' may receive from the 
Scholars, for defreying the Expence of Firing. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred and twenty pounds lawful 
money be allowed and paid to M r . Peleg Wiswall for his Salary 
as Master of the North Grammer School for the ensuing Year, the 
same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to Com- 
mence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred and twenty pounds lawful 
money be allowed and paid to M r . John Lovel for his Salary as 
Master of the South Grammer School for the Ensuing Year, the 
same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to 
Commence from the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the sum of Eighty pounds lawful money be allowed 
and paid to M r . Samuel Holyoke for his Salary as Master of the 
South Writing School in Queen street for the ensuing Year, the 
same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to 
Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the sum of One hundred pounds lawful money be 
allowed and paid to M r . Abia Holbrook for his Salary as Master 
of the South Writing, School, for the ensuing Year, the same to be 
paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to Commence at 
the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One Hundred pounds lawful money be 
allowed and paid to M r . Zachariah Hicks as Master of the North 
Writing School, for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
quarterly as it shall become due, and to Commence at the Expira- 
tion [262.] Of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the sum of Fifty pounds lawful money be allow'd 
and paid to M r . Nathaniel Gardner as Usher of the South Gram- 
mer School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him quar- 
terly, as it shall become due, and to Commence at the Expiration 
of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the sum of Fifty pounds lawful money be allowed 
and paid to M r . Samuel Holbrook as Usher of the South Writing 
School for the ensuing Year, to be paid him quarterly as it shall 
become due, and to Commence at the Expiration of the last 
Year. 



200 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

The Town being inform'd that William Tyler and William 
Downe Esq". & M r . Isaac Walker who for several Years past 
have been Overseers of the Poor, and into which place they were 
chose the Eleventh of March last, decline Serving any longer, 
Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given to 
those Gent", for their faithful Services to the Town while they 
continued in that Office. 

Voted that three other Persons be chose in their Room, & the 
Votes being brought in and Sorted, it appeared that 
Mess. John Frankly n 

Joseph Sherburn, & 
John Tudor, were chose. 

The Petition of William Larrabee and John Ruddock praying 
for an Abatement of sundry Taxes committed to them to Collect 
in the Years 1747. 1748. 1749. was Read, and thereupon It was 
Voted that the Assessors be a Committee to Consider of said 
Petition, hear the Petitioners and Report to the Town what Taxes 
they apprehend ought in Justice to be Abated 'em. 

The Committee appointed the Eleventh day of March last to 
Consider of the Petition of M r . Alexander Hunt, now reported, 
that they had Viewed the Land in said Petiti . mentioned, and 
were of Opinion that said Pet , ought to be dismiss'd, for that the 
said Hunt has set his House on the two rod way belonging to the 
Town, and has also in possession Fifty three feet of the Towns 
Land making in the whole Eighty six feet in wedth, and Two hundred 
and fifty eight feet in depth, besides the Flatts which [263.] 
Is Two Hundred feet more in depth, for which said Committee 

apprehend the Town ought to have Satisfaction for. Which 

Report being Read. 

Voted that the same be Accepted, and that said Petition be 
dismiss'd. 

Voted that the Selectmen be and hereby they are appointed a 
Committee to Consider the State of the Ferry called Winnisimet 
Ferry, Report the same to the Town as soon as may be. 

The Article in the Warrant viz', whether the Town will choose a 
Committee to prosecute any person or persons that have made any 
Encroachment's on their Lands near Fort hill or any other part of 
the Town, was taken into Consideration, and after some Debate 

thereon, It was Voted that 

M r . Jonathan Williams 
M r . Thomas Greene & 
Maj r . Nath 1 . Thwing 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee, and fully Author- 
ized and Impowered for and in behalf of the Town to prosecute in 
the Law any person or persons that have made any Encroach- 
ments on the Towns lands near to, or adjoyuing upon Forthill so 
called, that so the Town may obtain Possession of their Lands, 
unless said Committee can Accomodate and Settle the same with 
such persons as have made said Encroachment's, and if so, that 
then said Committee report to the Town, at the Adjournment of 
this Meeting, the proposals made 'em for such an Accomoclation. 

Andrew Campbell was chose a Constable & .... Sworn. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1751. 201 

Voted, That Thomas Gray who was chose a Clerk of the Market 
in March last, be Excus'd from Serving in that Office the P^nsuiug 
Year. 

Voted that John Mico Wendell, serve as a Clerk of the Market, 
in the room of Thomas Gray who is Excus'd. 

The Article in the Warrant viz*. 

" To Consider the State of the North Granary house, & what is 
best to be done concerning it, was taken into Consideration, and 
thereupon Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby they are 
Jmpowered to Sell said House or otherwise dispose of it as they 
shall apprehend will be most for the benefit of the Town. 

The Committee appointed the Eleventh of March last, on the 
[264.] Petition of Elias Dupee, made their Report, which was 
read, *and after some Debate thereon, It was Voted that said 
report be recommitted to said Committee, and they are desired to 
make particular Enquiry into the Circumstances of such persons 
whose Taxes they have now reported, ought to be abated, and 
further Report hereon at the Adjournment of this Meeting 

Voted that the Sum of Sixty six Pounds thirteen shillings and 
four pence lawful money be allowed and paid out of the Treasury 
unto M r . David Jeffries, as Treasurer out of the Town for the 
Year past, Also Voted that the further Sum of Thirty Pounds be 
allowed and paid to M r . Jeffries for his extraordinary time Care 
and Trouble in Setling and Transferring the Accompts, Books 
&c a . of the Treasury, since he has been in that Office. 

Voted that the Sum of Twenty Pounds lawful inoney be allow'd 
and paid to M r . Abijah Adams for his Services as Clerk of 
Faneuil Hall Market the Year past. 

Voted that this Meeting be adjourn'd to Friday the 14 th . of 
June next at three o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

The fourteenth day of June at three o'Clock in the afternoon 
the Town met according to Adjournment. 

The Committee appointed the 14 th . of May last to reconsider the 
Petition of Elias Dupee praying that sundry Taxes may be 
Abated him, now made their Report, that the Taxes of sundry 
persons who are therein particularly named, ought, in Justice to 
be Abated the Petitioner, and after some Debate on said Report, 
It was Voted that the same be accepted, and that the sum of 
forty six pounds fifteen shillings lawful money, be abated to the 
Petitioner and the Selectmen are directed to give said Dupee a 
Draft for that Sum on the Treasury accordingly. 

The Committee appointed the 14 th . of May last, to Consider of 
the Petition of William Larrabee and John Ruddock praying that 
Sundry Taxes may be abated them, now made their Report that 
the Sum of Six pounds three shillings & a penny lawful money 
be abated to M r . Larrabee, and the sum of twelve [265.] Pounds 
two shillings and ten pence lawful money be abated M r . Ruddock 
which being read, Voted that the same be Accepted, & that those 
Sums be abated the Petitioners accordingly, and the Selectmen 
are directed to give 'em Drafts on the Treasury for the same 
accordingly. 

The Committee appointed the 14 th . of May last, to Consider of 



202 CITT DOCUMENT No. 170. 

the Petition of sundry Inhabitants praying that the Encroach- 
ments made on the highway leading from Hudson's point South- 
westerly to the Mill stream by M r . Gee's Huilding Yard called 
Ferryway may be removed and said way repair'd, now reported, 
that they had attended the Services therein mention'd, and found 
that in the account taken of the Streets and Lanes within the 
Town, as Enter'd in their Book of Records in 1708. there is a 
street called Ferryway and is there said to lead along the Shore 
from Hudson's point, Southwesterly to tha Mill stream by M r . 
Gees Building Yard, and that in the same Year, they found by 
the Selectmens Minutes that they ordered said Way sho'd be of 
the Breadth of Lynn street being two rods wide, and which is all 
they could find relating to said way. They also Reported that 
they had View'd said Way and found it much out of Repair, 1 and 
that by a Computation made (and with said Report presented) it 
will Cost about Two hundred and Sixty six pounds thirteen shil- 
lings and four pence lawful money to repair it. That several of 
the Inhabitants have subscrib'd a considerable Sum towards re- 
pairing the same, and said Committee Judge that if the same was 
repair'd it would be very beneficial to the Inhabitants of the 
Northerly part of the Town, and also that it will be a great 
Encouragement to the Petitioners and Subscribers to proceed in 
repairing said Way, if the Town would assist them, and grant 
them such a Sum of money as may be tho't proper towards Corn- 
pleating and Effecting it, which Report being Read, after some 
Debate thereon It was Voted that the same be Accepted. Also 
Voted that Twenty four feet in wedth of said Way be repaired 
(the several Subscriptions 'for paying part of the Charge for re- 
pairing be made good) Also Voted that the Sum of One hundred 
and thirty three pounds six shillings and eight pence lawful money 
be paid by the Town towards repairing the same way, the Peti- 
tioners and Subscribers paying the remainder of the whole Charge 
of repairing said way, Also Voted that there be a Committee 
chose; distinct from 'the Selectmen to repair it, and that Cap 1 . 
Tho: Ja*. Gruchy, Cap'. Nath 1 . Greenwood, M r . John Ruddock, 
Cap*. Jonathan Snelling, M. Gammon Stevens, Cap*. Alexander 

Sear-i & M r . Newman Greenough he the said Committee. Also 

Voted that if any part of said Sum of One [266.] hundred and 
thirty three pounds six shillings and eight pence sho'd be paid to 
said Committee before said way shall be fully repaired and Corn- 
pleated, they shall give Security to the Town to refund and pay 
back the same to the Town in case said repairs shall not be made 
and Compleated to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen. 

Voted that all Matters and Things that remain unfinished be re- 
ferr'd over to the next town Meeting to be then acted upon. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

At a a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly Qualified and lawfully warned in Pnblick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Friday the fourteenth 
day of June A.D. 1751. at four o'clock P.M. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1751. 203 

The Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq r . was chose Moderator for 
this Meeting. 

The Town proceeded to take into Consideration the Business of 
this Meeting as mentioned in the Warrant viz'. " Whether the 
Town will preferr a Petition to the Great and General Court now 
sitting praying that the sum of nine hundred twenty- six pounds 
seven shillings and ten pence being a Quarter part of the Charge 
of repairing the Court-house and which the} T are ordered to Pay by 
said Court may be remitted, and after some Debate thereon, It 
was Voted that the Town will preferr such a Petition accordingly 
And the Selectmen thereupon Informing the Town that they had 
prepar'd a Petition for that Purpose, the same was Read, and is in 
the words following Viz'. 
Province of the ) 
Massachusetts Bay j To the Honourable Spencer Phips Esq r , 

Lieu'. Governour & Commander in Chief. 

the IIon ble . the Council and Represent. 

of the Province aforesaid in General Court 

Assembled June 1751. 

The Petition of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston in Town 
Meeting regularly Assembled June 14 th . 1751. 
[267.] Most humbly Sheweth, 

That your humble Petitioners have been inform'd by their 
Assessors, that they have received a Warrant from the Province 
Treasurer, requiring them forthwith to Assess on the Polls and 
Estates within this Town the Sum of nine hundred and twenty six 
pounds seven shillings and ten pence being one Quarter part of 
the Charge of Building the Townhouse in Boston, Sett on said 
Town by order of the General Court, that this Information gave 
great Concern to your Petitioners who had made their application 
to the General Assembly of the last Year, praying that said Order 
might not pass but they were so unhappy as to fail of the desired 
Success, Their apprehensions of the Difficulty and Distress that 
must come upon them by so heavy, and with all deference to the 
Wisdom of the General Court they beg leave to Say, unequal 
Assessment, are very much iucreas'd, and it would be a failure in 
point of Duty to themselves if they should neglect any means in 
their power for their Relief. They therefore again with one Voice 
intreat your Honours they may be free'd from this Burthen, that 
the Petition they preferr'd the last Year may be reviv'd for the 
Reasons which were then offer'd in said Petition and such addi- 
tional Reasons as may be now offered by their Representatives 
may be duly Considered by your Honours and such Relief afforded 
your Petitioners as to your Justice and Goodness shall seem mete. 
And thereupon it was Voted unanimously that a fair Copy of 
said Petition be prepar'd and signed by the Town Clerk in behalf 
of the Town, and that the same be Represented by the Represent- 
atives of the Town to the General Court accordingly. 

Voted that all Matters and Things contiuu'd to this Meeting be 
rtferr'd further to the next Town Meeting to be then Considered 
of, & Acted upon. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 



204 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

[268.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and lawfully warned in 
Publick Town Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Friday the 
fifteenth day of November A.D. 1751. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting was .... Read. 

John Phillips Esq r . was chose Moderator. 

Upon a Motion made and Seconded, It was Voted that this 
Meeting be adjourn'd to Wednesday the 20 th . inst. at three o'Clock 
in the afternoon. 

Wednesday the 20 th . day of November 1751 3 o'Clock P.M. the 
Town met according to their Adjournment. 

The Town proceeded to the Business of the Meeting as men- 
tion'd in the Warrant viz', to Choose Collectors of the Taxes of 
the present Year in the room of such persons as were chose in 
March last and refuse to Serve, and upon bringing in & Sorting 
the Votes it appeared that the following persons were chose viz'. 
Mess. Jabez Hunt 

Joseph Bradford 
Jonathan Payson 

M r . Hunt and M . Bradford being present desired the Town would 
Excuse them for reasons by them given to the Town whereupon 
It was Voted that they be Excus'd accordingly. 

Then the Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for two other 
Collectors, and upon sorting 'em it appeared that. 

Mess. John Jones of Treamount Street & 

Josiah Quincy, where chose 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesday the 26 th . instant 
at ten o'Clock A.M. to receive the answers of the Collectors now 
chose. 

Tuesday the 26 th . of November 1751, at ten o'Clock A.M. the 
Town met according to their Adjournment. 

Josiah Quincy, appeared and prayed the Town would [269.] 
Excuse him for Reasons he gave, Voted that M r . Quincy be Ex- 
cus'd accordingly. 

John Jones sent word by the Constable that he would not Serve 
as a Collector of Taxes in the Town. 

Jonathan Payson, Accepted of said Office. 

Then the Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for two Col- 
lectors of Taxes and upon Sorting 'em it appeared that, 

Mess". Hopestill Foster & 

James Scutt, were chose. 
And they Declaring their Acceptance of said Office, 

The Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly Qualified and lawfully Warned in Publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the ninth 
day of March A.D. 1752. 

Prayer was made by the Reverend M r . Andrew Eliot. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting, Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of a Moderator by a written 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1752. 205 

Vote, and upon Sorting 'em it appeared that the Hon ble . James 
Allen Esq r . was chosen. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait was unanimously chose Town Clerk for the 
Year ensuing, and was Sworn into that Office by John Steel Esq r . 
having first taken the Oath required by the Act of the 22 d . of his 
present Majesty, relating lo Paying and Receiving Bills of the other 
Governments. 

Voted that the Town proceed to the Choice of seven Selectmen 
and the Votes being brought in and Sorted it appeared, That, 
[27O.] Thomas Hancock Esq r . 

John Steel Esq r . 
M r . Samuel Grant 
M r . Thomas Hill 
Joshua Ilenshaw Esq r . 
M r . George Holmes & 
Cap'. Joseph Jackson, were chose. 

Voted, That the Town proceed to the Choice of twelve Constables 
distinct from the Collectors of Taxes. 

Voted, that any Person chose into the Office of a Constable for 
the Year ensuing be Excus'd from serving provided he pay into the 
Town Treasury Three Pounds Lawful Money. 

Mess rs . Nathaniel Parkman Excus'd. 

James Pike Excus'd. 

John Giles Excus'd. 

John Mico Wendell Excus'd. 

Nathaniel Barber jun r Pay. 

Isaac Walker jun r Pay 

Ebenezer Storer jun r Pay. 

William Cooper Pay. 

Timothy Marrow Excus'd. 

Joseph Waldo Pay. 

William Dennie Paid in 1747. 

Cornelius Thayer Pay 

were Chose Constables for the Year Ensuing. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Town Treas- 
urer, and upon V iewing of 'em it appeared that M r . David Jeffries 
was unanimously chose. And he was Sworn to the faithful Dis- 
charge of his Duty in that Office by John Steel Esq r . having first 
taken the Oath required by the Act of 22 d . Year of his present 
Majesty relating to Paying or Receiving Bills of Credit &c*. 
The Hon. Jacob Wendell Esq r . 

Col. John Hill 

[271.] The Hon. Thomas Hubbard Esq r . 
Daniel Henchman Esq r . 
M r . Edward Bromfield 
The Hon. Andrew Oliver Esq r . 

John Phillips Esq r . 
M r . Isaac Walker 
Cap*. Eben r . Storer 
M r . John Barrett 
M r . Ebenezer Storer 
M r . John Tudor 
were Chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 



206 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Voted that the Town Enter into the Consideration of the Article 
in the Warrant relating to the Shutting up of Faneuil Hall Market, 
at five o'Clock this Afternoon. 

The Committee appointed in March 1749, Viz'. Thomas Hutch- 
inson, Samuel Welles and Benjamin Prat Esq. to revise all the 
By-Laws and Orders pass'd by the Town that are in force, and 
Correct the same as they think proper &c a . now reported that 
"having spent some time in Revising the By-Laws and having 
agreed upon a great number of Alterations and Additions which 
they had not then been able so far to settle or compleat as was 
necessary in order to there being laid before the Town for their 
acceptance ; and before the Report was perfected, the Committee 
thought it convenient to propose to the Town two Points for their 
Determination First, That inasmuch as the penalty of Twenty 
Shillings which is the Greatest Sum that can be annex'd to the 
Breach of any By-Law, was in some cases insufficient, application 
should be made to the General Court at their next Sitting praying 
them to enable the Town to pass Laws with a Penalty not exceed- 
ing Forty shillings Lawful money. Secondly, That as a Body of 
By-Laws however well adapted to the Circumstances of the Town 
will be of very little Service unless they are more duly Executed 
than the By-Laws have been for many Years past, therefore that 
further Application should be made to the General Court [272.] 
Praying them to Jmpower the Selectmen of the Town for the time 
being or the Major part of them, at their Weekly Meetings to Judge 
and Determine upon all Offences against the Laws of the Town, 
which priviledge the Town enjoy'd from their first Settlement during 
the Charter of the old Colony of the Massachusetts Bay and the 
Committee were of Opinion this would be a probable Means of a due 
Execution of the Laws which for many Years past has been very 
much neglected. All which is humbly Submitted to the Town. 

THO S . HUTCHINSON 
SAMUEL WELLES 
B. PRAT 

Read and Voted that the same be accepted, & said Committee are 
desired to prepare a Bill for the purposes mentioned in said 
Report, and give It to the Gentlemen the Representatives of the 
Town, who are hereby desired to use their Endeavours to get the 
same pass'd into a Law. 

Col. John Hill 

John Phillips Esq r . 

Cap 1 . John Carnes 

Cap 1 . Joseph Jackson 

Cap*. Henry Berry 

Cap*. James Day 

M r . John Scollay 

M r . Royal Tyler 

M r . John Tudor 

Cap*. Isaac Freeman 
were chose Firewards for the Year ensuing. 

Voted that the Representatives of the Town be and hereby are 
desired to use their utmost Endeavours to get a Law pass'd the 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1752. 207 

General Court at their next Sessions, that the Town may for 
the future be Enabled to choose twelve Firewards. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to 3 o'Clock this After- 
noon. 

[273.] Monday 3 o'Clock in the afternoon the Town met 
according to their Adjournment. 

Mess r ". Israel Eaton Sworn 

William Gray Pay 

John Armstrong Sworn 

John Durant Pay 

John Pattin Sworn 

John Barber Excus'd 

Edward Gyles Pay 

William Thomas Sworn 

John Bridge Sworn 

William Shepard Excus'd 

Thomas Hunt Pay 

Abraham Rogers Excus'd 

were chose Constables for the Year ensuing. 

Mess. Joseph Edwards Sworn 

Tbomas Allen Sworn 

John Mico Wendell Sworn 

Cornelius Thayer Sworn 

John Phillips jun r Sworn 

Charles Deming Sworn 

William Davis Sworn 

John Morley Sworn 

John Gore Sworn 

John Leverett Sworn 

Daniel Oliver Sworn 

Jonathan Mason Sworn 

were Chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 
N. 1. Cap 1 . Tho 9 . James Grnchy 

Cap 1 . Hemy Pigeon Excus'd 
N. 2 Cap 1 . Jon a . Snelling 

M r . Francis Archbald 
N. 3. John Breck 
N. 3. Joseph Gardner 
N. 4. Nathaniel Holmes. 

Nathaniel Loring 
N. 5. John Wells 

James Adams 
[274.] N. 6. Benjamin Dolbeare 

Joseph Green, in Hanover Street. 
N. 7. John Welch 

Eph m . Copeland 
N. 8. William Story 

Joshua Blanchard 
N. 9. John Hunt 

John Beacham 
N. 10. Samuel Hill 

William Torrey 



208 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

N. 11. Thomas Gushing 

Edward Winter 
N. 12. John Eliot 

Benjamin Greene 
were Chose Tything Men for the Year ensuing. 

Voted that a Porch be built at the South Entrance of the 
Grammer School whereof M r . John Lovel is Master, and the 
Selectmen are desired to Effect . the same in the best manner 
they can. 

The Petition of sundry Inhabitants praying the Town would 
determine whether the way leading from Orange street between 
the Dwelling house of Cap'. Craister and M r . Clough to the high- 
way leading to the Common is a publick highway, was taken in- 
to Consideration, and after so Debate thereon, 

Voted that said Petition be Dismiss'd. 

The Petition of Sundry Inhabitants praying that the Bell at the 
Rev d . Mess. Weelsted & Gray's Meeting house at the North end 
of the Town may be rung at Eleven o' Clock in the forenoon, as 
has been heretofore practised, was Considei'ed of, and thereupon 
Voted that the same be accordingly Rung at that hour until the 
Town Order otherwise. 

The Town considered of the Petition of D r . Sylvester [275.] 
Gardiner praying that the Town would Lease to him for the term 
of thirty three Years, the Marsh & Sunken Lands at the bottom of 
the Common upon the Terms he therein proposes Viz'. That he 
will Damm out the Sea from said Marsh and Lands, so that the 
whole ma) 1 become dry and good Ground, the Town allowing him 
to Set the Fence near the Brow of the Hill, adjoyning to said 
Marsh, running from South to North, and across a little Ridge or 
Hill that divides the North part of the Marsh from a Sunken 
pond below the powder house, so as to include said Pond in the 
Lease, all which he will perform in three Years, otherwise said 
Lease shall be Null and Void, and the Land revert to the Town, 
and after some Debate thereon, Voted that said Petition be Dis- 
miss'd. 

On the Petition of Nathaniel Barber as Admor of the Estate of 
Cap'. Benjamin Edwards deced, and of John Grant, praying for 
an Abatement of Sundry Taxes committed to said Edwards to 
Collect in the Years 1747. 1748. 1749. 1750. and to said Grant, for 
the Years 1748. 1749. 1750. as in said Petition is set forth, Voted 
that the Assessors of the Town be & hereby they are appointed a 
Committee to Consider of said Petition, hear the Petitioners, and 
Report what they Apprehend ought in Justice to be abated the 
Petitioners ; At the General Town Meeting in May next. 

The Petition of Sundry Inhabitants, praying that Faneuil Hall 
Market may be Shut up for so long time as the Town shall Judge 
to be for their Interest, was Considered of, & after some Debate 
thereon, It was Voted that said Market be Shut up until the Gen- 
eral Town Meeting in May next. 

Also Voted, That Samuel Welles Esq r . M r . William Cooper, 
M r . Harrison Gray, Col. John Hill & M r . Ezekiel Goldthwait, be 
a Committee to Consider what Method is best for the Inhabitants 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1752. 209 

to take in order to Reduce the present Excessive price of Provi- 
sions, and to prevent the persons, that bring Provisions for Sale 
to Town, Incumltering the Lands & [276.] Highways about and 
near to Faneuil Hall Market and the Nusances on Dock Square, 
and Report as soon as may be. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to, To-Morrow morning 
nine o'Clock. 

Tuesda}' 9 o'Clock in the forenoon, the Town met, according to 
their Adjournment. 

Mess. Joseph Dyre 

Robert Treat 

Samuel Treat 

Benj a . Ballard 

Jonathan Jenkins 

Isaac Fowle 

Joseph Savel Jun r . 

Edward Potter Jun r . 

John Hobbs & 

Benjamin Sault 

were Chosen Cullars of Staves & C a . for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. John Lee 

Isaac Vergoose 

Story Daves & ... Sworn. 

Clement Collins . . . Sworn, 
were Chosen Hogreeves, for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. William Maccarty 

James Cunningham 

Daniel Coney 

Arthur Savage 

Henry Perkins 

After Stoddard 

Alexander Hill 

Moses Deshon 

Richard Billings 

Nathaniel Loring 

John White & 

James Gridley 

were Chosen Scavingers for the Year ensuing. 
[277.] Mess. Joseph Jackson 

John Scollay & 

Thomas Greene, 
were Chosen Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing. 

The said Committee are desired and Impowered to give all 
Needful Directions to the Keeper of the Granary, respecting the 
Quantitys of Grain to be Sold, and setting the price thereof from 
time to time as Occasion may Require. 

Mess. Thomas Foster & 

David Cutler 
were Chosen Assaymasters for the Year ensuing. 

M r . John Gray, was Chose Surveyor of Hemp, for the Year 
ensuing. 



210 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Mess. Nathaniel Gardner & 

Benjamin Harrod 
were Chosen Informers about Deer, for the Year ensuing. 

The Selectmen of Boston. 

Mess. Jacob Parker 

Nathaniel Barber . . . Sworn. 

William Fairfield 

Thomas Foster 

John Winslow 

Peter Oliver, & 

John Kneeland 
were Chosen Assessors, for the Year ensuing. 

Mess. Samuel Hastings . . . Sworn. 

John Allen 

Josiah Carter 

Thomas Hartley 

Eliakim Blackman & . . Sworn. 

Nathaniel Hodgdon . . Sworn, 
were Chosen Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Thomas March .... Sworn. 

Caleb Eay 

Francis Warden 

William Moore 

Onesiphorus Tilestone & 

James Tilestone, 

were Chosen Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 
[378.] Mess. Robert Ford .... Sworn 

William Nichols 

Clement Collins . . . Sworn 

Henry Allen 

Story Dawes .... Sworn 

William Paine 

Andrew Simmes . . . Sworn 

John Grant 

Moses Eayres 

John Low 

Isaac Vergoose & . . Sworn 

John Greenough 

were Chosen Viewers of Boards, Shingles &c a . for the Year ensu- 
ing. 

M r . Joseph Curtis was chosen an Haward, the Year ensuing. 
Voted that Twelve pence on the pound be and hereby is allowed 
to be paid to the Collectors of Taxes for toe Year ensuing, for all 
such Sums as they shall Collect, provided they pay unto the Town 
Treasurer, one half part of the whole Sum they are obliged to 
pay him within three Months from the time of receiving the Tax 
Books from the Assessors, and the other half part in three Months 
after, and also pay to the Province and County Treasurers one 
half part of the whole sums they shall be obliged to pay them 
respectively in six months from the time they shall receive the 
Books from the Assessors as aforesaid and the other half part in 
six months after ; And in Case either of the said Collectors aball 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1752. 211 

fail paying the said Treasurers in manner as above, the Collector 
so failing shall not be Entitled to the aforesaid allowance of 
twelve pence on the pound lor Collecting, but wholly forfeit the 
same, Provided also that each of said Collectors give Bond with 
sufficient Suretys to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faith- 
ful Discharge of their Duty in that Office, and complying with this 
Vote. 

[279.] Mess". Thomas Ramar . . remov'd out of Town 
Luke Roberts . , . Sworn 
Robert McNeil . . . Sworn 
Thomas Gyles . . . Excus'd 
Richard Walker . . Sworn 
John Edwards . . . Excus'd 
Bartholomew Rand . Excus'd 
were Chosen Constables, for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. John Ruddock 
Hopestill Foster 
Joseph Russell 
Thomas Downe jun r . 
James Scutt 

Jonathan Payson .... Sworn 
were Chosen Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". John Provence .... Sworn 
John Shepard .... Excus'd 
William Roberts .... Sworn 

Samuel Burt Excus'd. 

Ebenezer Walk's .... p d . in 1747. 
Samuel Ridgaway . . . Excus'd 

Mess. Joseph Kent Sworn 

William Todd .... Sworn 
Constables. [In margin] 

The Selectmen's Report on the Accompt of M r . John Fenno 
Keeper of the Granary for the Year past, as Enter'd in his Book 
(and on File in the Town Clerks Office,) Read, and Voted that 
the said Report be Accepted, and accordingly that M r . Fenno be 
further accountable to the Town for forty bushels of Indian Meal, 
& thirty bushels of Rye, am , to !),, 18,, 8 & also for Three 
hundred & Seventy Pounds nineteen Shillings & five pence half 
penny, being in the wholo Three hundred & Eighty pounds, eigh- 
teen shillings & one penny half penny lawful money, all which is 
now in his hands, exclusive of 26,, 13,, 4. for his Salary, and 
Assistance, which is hereby allowed him. 

The Committee appointed to Audit the Accompts of M r . David 
Jeffries Treasurer, now reported, that they had attended that 
Service, & find the same right cast and well Vouch'd, and [28O.] 
The said Treasurer charges himself with sundry Justices Fines, 
with the Rent's and Incomes of the Town and with the Taxes 
committed to the Collectors, amounting in all to 6943,, 16,, 3, 
and the said Treasurer Discharges himself by sundry Abatements 
made the Collectors, by what he has already paid of the Select- 
mens and Overseers Draughts, and by what remains unpaid of 
said Draughts amounting in all to 4046,, 2,, 2 by which it 



212 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

appears that when all the Taxes, Rents &c a . are paid in, the 
Ballance will be twenty eight hundred and ninety seven pounds 
fourteen shillings & one penny which the said Treasurer is further 
to accompt for, as appears by the Trial Ballance of said Accompt, 
given in by said Committee, and on file. Which Report being 
Read, Voted that the same be Accepted. 

The Selectmen having prepared a List of all such of the Inhabi- 
tants as are Qualified by Law to Serve on the Petit Jury of Trials 
at the Superiour and Inferiour Courts, presented the same to the 
Town, and after they were Sorted for the respective Boxes, Voted 
that their Names be put into said Boxes as now Sorted to serve as 
Jurors accordingly. 

Voted, That the Assessors be and they hereby are Im powered 
to Sit upon the Abatement of Taxes to the first day of June next 
and no longer, saving that they have Liberty to Sit the second and 
third Weeks in November next, to Abate the Taxes of such per- 
sons as shall appear to be Dead, or out of Town, and could not 
have application to them before said First day of June. 

Voted, that the Hon. John Wheelwright Esq r . . 
Joshua Winslow Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Greene, 
M r . Harrison Gray, & 
M r . William Cooper. 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the 
Accompts of M r . David Jeffries Treasurer of the Town [281.] 
And also the Accompts of the Overseers of the Poor, & they are 
desired to make Report thereon as soon as they have done the 
same. 

Voted that this Meeting be adjouru'd to three o'Clock in the 
Afternoon. 

Three o'Clock in the afternoon, the Town met according to 
their Adjournment. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred and twenty Pounds lawful 
money be allowed and paid to M r . Peleg Wiswall for his Salary 
as Master of the North Grammer School for the Ensuing Year, 
the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to 
Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred and twenty pounds lawful 
money be allowed and paid to M*. John Level for his Salary as 
Master of the South Grammer School for the Ensuing Year, the 
same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to 
Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, That the Sum of Eighty Pounds lawful money be allowed 
and paid to M r . Samuel Holyoke for his Salary, as Master of the 
Writing School in Queen Street for the Ensuing Year, the same 
to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to Commence 
at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One Hundred Pounds Lawful money be 
allowed and paid to M r . Abia Holbrook for his Salary as Master 
of the South Writing School the Ensuing Year, the same to be 
paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to Commence at 
the Expiration of the last Quarter. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1752. 213 

Voted, that tbe Sum of One Hundred Pounds lawful money be 
allowed and paid to M r . Zacbariah Hicks for ['28'4.] his Salary 
as Master of the North Writing School the Ensuing Year, the 
same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to 
Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, That the Sum of Fifty Pounds Lawful money be allowed 
and paid to M r Nathaniel Gardiner for his Salary, as Usher to the 
South G rammer School, tho ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it sin 11 become due, and to Commence at the 
Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, That the Sum of Fifty Pounds Lawful money, be allowed 
and paid to M r . Samuel Holbrook for his Salary, as Usher of the 
South AVriting School, for the Ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to Commence at the 
Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, That the Sum of Fifty Pounds lawful mon<>y be allowed 
and paid to M r . John Procter jun r . for his Salary, as Usher of the 
North Writing School, the Ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall become due, and to Commence at the Expira- 
tion of the Uist Quarter. 

The Town proceeded to take into Consideration that Article in 
the Warrant Viz'. " What reasons should be given to the General 
Court ; why the Bridge leading over Neponsit River , ought not to 
be Declared a County Bridge, and maintain'd by the County." and 
after some Debate thereon, Voted that the 

Hon ble . Samuel Welles Esq r . 
Richard Dana Esq r . 
M r . Benjamin Kent 
Col. John Hill & 
Mr. Thomas Greene 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Consider of 
this Affair, and draw up such Reasons as they shall [283.] 
Judge proper ; why the aforesaid Bridge ought not to be a County 
Bridge and maintain'd by the County & said Committee are desired 
and Impowered to preferr the same to the General Court at 
their next Sessions, in the name & behalf of the Town. 

The Town Considered of what was best to be done with the 
Lands and Buildings at the head of the Dock formerly Leas'd to 
M r . John Dolbcare, whose Term therein is Expired, and after 
some Debate, Voted that this Affair be referr'd to the Selectmen, 
who are hereby desired and Impowered to proceed and act hereupon 
as they shall Judge most lor the Interest of the Town. 

The Committee appointed Yesterday to Consider what Method 
is best for the Inhabitants to take, in order to Reduce the present 
Excessive price of Provisions, and to prevent the persons that 
bring Provisions for Sale to Town, Incumbring the Lands and 
highways about and near to Faneuil Hall Market and the Nusances 
on Dock Square, now made Report (as on File) which was Read 
and Accepted, and thereupon it was Voted that as many of the 
Principal inhabitants, as can be conveniently applied to, be desired 
to Agree and Sign to a Subscription now laid before the Town by 
a Committee to be for that purpose appointed for to prevent the 



214 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Extravagant Price of Provisions, more particularly of Flesh, and 
that the Selectmen after the Expiration of Five Weeks, the time 
propos'd to Subscribe for, be desired to make a Judgment or 
Apprizal of the Common Necessarys of Life at their Weekly 
Meetings, and publish the same from time to time in the Weekly 
prints. 

Also Voted, that inasmuch as there are great numbers of Carts, 
Drays, and other Lurnbersome Instruments for Conveying Loads, 
frequently gathering & long continuing in Dock Square so called, 
many times for greater part of the Day, to the great Annoyance 
not only of those whose Dwellings border on said Square, but 
also to others His Majesty's good Subjects, who frequently pass 

and repass therewith much Difficulty & Danger Therefore the 

Selectmen are hereby [284.] Desired to take the most Effectual 
Methods for clearing and pi-eventing Obstructions and Nusances 
as aforesaid in said Square, and that the Expenee the Select- 
men are at, be born by the Town. 

Also Voted that Mess". Nathaniel Barber, William Cooper, 
Royal Tyler, William Bowdoin, Thomas Gushing, Robert Watt 
and William Blair Townsend be a Committee to obtain a Subscrip- 
tion of the Inhabitants, relating to the price they will give for 
Provisions &c a . 

Voted, That this Meeting be Adjourn'd to Monday the Six- 
teenth Instant, 3 o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

Monday the Sixteenth day of March 1752. three o'Clock in the 
afternoon, the Town met according to their Adjournment. 

The Several persons that were chose the ninth instant to Serve 
as Tythingmen appeared and said they were ready to Serve in that 
Office, if they could do it with out taking the Oath, declaring they 
cou'd not take it with a good Conscience, and for that reason 
pray'd the Town would Excuse 'em, and after some Debate thereon. 
It was Voted, the said persons be and hereby the}' are Excus'd 
from Serving as Tythingmen for the reason they have given, 
Viz'. " that they could not with a good Conscience take the Oath 
of a Tythingman as required by Law. 

Upon a Motion made and Seconded by a great number of In- 
habitants, that the Town would reconsider the Vote of Dismission 
pass'd on D r . Silvester Gardiner's proposals for taking a Lease of 
the Marsh Land at the Bottom of the Common, It was Voted, that 
the same be Reconsidered, and after some Debate upon said Pro- 
posals, It was Voted that the Selectmen be & they hereby are 
appointed a Committee to take such Method as they shall think 
bust for informing the Town, what [285.] Land it is, that D r . 
Gardiner would take a Lease of, either by st-ikiug out the same, 
or taking a Plan thcTeof . & Report thereon at the General Town 
Meeting in May next, that so the Town may proceed thereon as 
they shall Judge most for their Interest. 

Voted that the Sum of Twenty Pounds lawful money be allowed 
and paid out of the Treasury to M r . Abijnh Adams in full for his 
Services as Clerk of Faueuil Hall Market the Year past. 

The Committee appointed at this Meeting to obtain Subscrip- 
tions of the Inhabitants for reducing and setliug the Price of Pro- 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1752. 215 

visions, return'cl their Lists, and it thereby appeared that upwards 
of three hundred persons had Subscrib'd, & then It was Voted that 
all such as have Subscrib'd, or that shall hereafter Subscribe be 
and they hereby are desired not to purchase any provisions upon 
or near Dock Square. 

Voted that all Matters that remain unfinish'd be referr'd to the 
General Town Meeting in May next, to b^- then Considered of, and 
acted upon. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Hon ble . James Allen Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting, for 
managing and Conducting the affairs thereof. 

Then the Meeting was Dismissal. 

[286.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally Qualified & duly warned in Publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the twelfth 
day of May A.D. 1752. 

Prayer being made by the Rev d . M r . Samuel Cooper. 

The Precept cc Warrant for calling the Meeting, Read. 

Sundry Laws, Read. 

Thomas Hancock Esq r . one of the Selectmen in their Name pro- 
pos'd to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the Choice of a 
person or persons to Serve for & Represent them in a Great and 
General Court or Assembly to be held at Concord on Wednesday 
the twenty seventh day of May current, and in order thereto, to 
Consider & Ascertain the Number of Gentlemen to be Elected, 
accordingly It was Voted to proceed to the Choice of four Re- 
presentatives and it was then declar'd that the Poll be clos'd at 
twelve o'Clock. 

The Votes being Collected, the Number of Voters were found to 
be 827 and upon Sorting' em it appeared that the following Gentle- 
men were Chose, Viz f . 

The Hon ie . James Allen Esq r 202 

The Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq r . ....... 270 

M r . John Tyng 1 75 

M r . Harrison Gray 204 

The Election of Representatives being over, and the same being 
Declared by the Selectmen, 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Moderator & 
upon Sorting the same it appeared that the Hon ble . James Allen 
Esq r . was (.hose. 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to 3 o'Clock in the 
Afternoon. 

[237.] Afternoon, the Town met according to their Adjourn- 
ment. 

The Report of the Selectmen on the Visitation of the Publick 
Schools, Read, and is as follows, 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
in Town Meeting Assembled May 12 th . 1752. 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Meeting the 
14 th . of May last, desiring the Selectmen to Visit the Several pub- 



216 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

lick Schools, and Invite such Gentlemen to Accompany them 
therein, as they should think proper, do now report, 

That on the 19 th . day of June last, we attended that Service 
accompanied by the following Gentlemen Viz 1 . 
The Hon ble . Jacob Wendell Esq r . 

John Wheelwright Esq r . 
Andrew Oliver Esq r . 
Thomas Ilutchinson Esq r . 
Stephen Stewall Esq r . 
The Gent", the Rep ve8 . of Boston 
The Rev d . D r . Joseph Sewall 
M r . Thomas Prince 
M r . William Weelsted 
M r . Samuel Mather 
M r . Mather Byles 
M r . Samuel Cooper 
Daniel Henchman Esq r . 
John Phillips Esq r . 
M r . Middlecott Cooke 
Cap 1 . William Salter 
M r . Edward Bromfield 
M r . James Boutineau 
M r . John Barrett 
M r . David Jeffries 
Cap 1 . Hugh M c Daniel 

And found that in the South Grarnmer School there were 120 
Scholars, in the South Writing School 270 Scholars, in the Writ- 
ing School in Queen Street there were 90 Scholars, in the North 
Grammer School 49 Scholars, and in the North Writing School 
265 Scholars, all in very good Order. 

JOHN STEEL "j 

SAM L . GRANT i 

THOMAS HILL f Selectmen of Boston. 
JOSHUA HENSHAW J 

Voted that this Report be Accepted, and that the Gent", the 
Selectmen be desired to Visit the Publick Schools, the Year 
[288.] Ensuing and that they Invite such Gent n . to Accompany 
them as they shall think convenient & Report thereon. 

The Petition of sundry Inhabitants praying that some Method 
may be taken to prevent so great a Number of persons selling 
strong Drink in Town as now do, was Read and after some Debate 
thereon It was Voted, that Thomas Hubbard, William Tyler, 
Samuel Welles, John Phillips and Jacob Wendell Esq r ". be and 
they hereby are appointed a Committee to Consider of said Petition, 
and Report what is necessary for the Town to do thereupon. 

Voted a Grant of Five Thousand pounds lawful money to be 
rais'd by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within the Town of Boston 
for the Releif of the Poor, and defreying other necessary Charges, 
arising within said Town the Year ensuing. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred pounds lawful money be 
allowed and paid to M r . David Jeffries in full for his Salary & 
Services done as Treasurer of the Town the Year past. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1752. 217 

Whereas the Right Honourable Alexander Lord Colvill, Com- 
mander of His Majesty's Ship Sucess has upon all Occasions dur- 
ing his Station here, for about three Years past, discovered the 
utmost readiness to do every tiling in his Power for promoting the 
Interest of the Province, and of this Town in particular, and by 
his Conduct and good Services has given great Satisfaction to the 
Town, and the Freeholders and the Inhabitants taking the same 
into Consideration, propos'd & thereupon unanimously Voted that 
the Thanks of the Town be, and hereby are Given lo his Lord- 
ship for his aforesaid Services & good Conduct during his Station 
here, and the Gent", the Selectmen are desired to wait upon his 
Lordship, and in the Name of the Town present him with their 
Thanks accordingly. 

[289.] The Petition of Isaac Dupee, Solomon Kneelaud and 
others relating to their Lands near Oliver's Dock, was He;id & 
thereupon It was Voted that Joshua Heushaw Esq r . M r . Joseph 
Lee, & Isaac Gridley Esq r . be and they hereby are appointed a 
Committee to Consider of said Petition, and the Matters therein 
Contain'd and Report to the Town at the Adjournment of this 
Meeting what they apprehend will be best for the Town to do on 
the Affair. 

The Petition of a great Number of the Inhabitants, praying that 
the Town would now Consider and Determine whether Faneuil Hall 
Market shall be open'd, or further shut up, was Read, and after a 
long Debate thereon, It was Voted that said Market be Continued 
shut up until the further Order of the Town. 

The Petition of James Fairservice relating to the Sweeping of 
Chimnies was Read, & he thereupon desired Liberty to withdraw 
it, which was allow'd him & he withdrew it Accordingly. 

The Town proceeded to Consider of that Article in the Warrant 
Viz*. " What application is necessary to be made to the General 
Court to Relieve the Town under their present Distressing Circum- 
stances," And it was thereupon Voted, that, 
Samuel Welles Esq r . 
Abiel Walley Esq r . 
Daniel Henchman Esq r . 
John Hill Esq r . & 
John Phillips Esq r . 

Be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Consider of this 
Affair, and are desired to prepare a Draft of a Petition to the 
General Court, therein representing in the strongest Terms the 
present distressing Circumstances of this Town, on every Account, 
as they shall Judge proper, praying for Relief &c a . & make Report 
thereof at the Adjournment of this Meeting. 

The Committee appointed by the Town at their Meeting in 
March last, to Consider of the Proposals made by Dr. Sylvester 
[29O.] Gardiner of taking a Lease of the Marsh belonging to the 
Town at the bottom of the Common, now made their Report as 
follows Vil'., 

Boston ss. To the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston in General Town Meeting, Assembled May 
12 th . 1752. 



218 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

We the Subscribers being appointed a Committee by the Town 
at their Meeting in March last, to Consider of the Proposals made 
by D r . Sylvester Gardiner of taking a Lease of the Marsh be- 
longing to the Town at the bottom of the Common, do now report 
us i'olloweth, Viz'. 

That we have Viewed said Marsh & duly Considered of the 
Affair to us referr'd, and are of Opinion that it will be for the Ad- 
vantage of the Town to Lease to said D r . Gardiner for the Term 
of Thirty one Years that part of said Marsh and Land that is 
contain'd within the following Bounds viz 1 , the same to begin at 
the Westerly Corner of Pleasant Street and to run from thence to 
a Knowl that is about the middle of the pasture of the late Col. 
Thomas Fitch, at about twenty feet distance from the Marsh, 
from thence running on a Line to a Rock that is at the North- 
easterly End of Ridge Hill, and from thence running on the South- 
erly bottom of the Hill, into the Sea, said Gardiner to have Liberty 
of going to and from the same thro, the publick Streets only. 
The Town reserving thereout tlie Hill called Fox Hill for their 
own use and Benefit, with free & full Liberty of passing and 
repassing to and from the same at all times during the Lease 
with Carts, Teams &c a . as they may have occasion, the said 
Gardiner to hold the same during the Term aforesaid, upon the 
Condition & Consideration of his Paying to the Town Yearly and 
every Year during the Lease Five Shillings, and also Erecting & 
Compleating within Seven Years a strong sufficient Bank or Sea 
Wall for keeping out the Water to the Satisfaction of the Select- 
men, & on failure hereof that said Marsh return to the Town, & 
that at the Expiration of the Lease he deliver up the same to the 
Town in good Repair. 

THO". HANCOCK 

JOHN STEEL 

SAM L . GRANT V Selectmen of Boston. 

JOSH. HENSHAW 

Jos n . JACKSON 

[291.] And after some Debate thereon, It was Voted that 
the Consideration of said Report be referr'd to the Adjournment of 
this Meeting. 

Mess. John Grant 

Samuel Edwards & 
Benjamin Church 

were Chose Assessors of Taxes for this present Year, in the Room 
of M r . Thomas Foster deced, M r . Jacob Parker gone out of 
Town, & M r . John Winslow, who declines Serving, they being 
Chose to that Office in March last. 

The Committee appointed the ninth of March last to Consider 
of the Petition of Cap*. Nathaniel Barber as Adm r . to the Estate 
of Cap 1 . Benjamin Edwards deced, and of M r . John Grant, late 
Collectors of Taxes &c a . now Reported that they Judg'd the sum 
of 29,, 0,, 10 lawful money ought to be abated to said Edwarcls's 
Estate, and the sum of 7, ,15, ,2 lawful money ought to be 
abated to said John Grant, Which being Considered of, It was 
Voted that said respective Sums be abated them accordingly ; and 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1752. 219 

the Selectmen are desired to give them Drafts for the same on the 
Treasury. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to Friday the 22 d . inst. 
at three o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

Friday the 22 d . of May 1752. 3 o'Clock P.M. the Town met 
according to their Adjournment 

The Selectmen Inform'd the Town, that agreeable to their Vote 
the 12 th . inst. they had waited upon the Right Hon ble . Alexander 
Lord Colvill, and return'd him the Thanks of the Town as Ex- 
press'd in said Vote, and at the same time gave him a Copy of 
the Vote, to which his Lordship gave the following Answer in 
writing Viz'. 

Gentlemen, 

I am extreamly sensible of the Honour done me by the Metropolis 
of America, and had I known six months ago, how well the Free- 
holders and other Inhabitants of this great Town were affected 
towards me, I Would have applied to the Lords [293.] Com- 
missioners of the Admiralty, to be continued on this Station ; 
Hut as 'tis now too late, I can only say ; that whenever the Amer- 
ican Stations are to be releived, I ^ shall think myself happy if I 
can return to a Country which has alread}' given me such Marks 
of ISsteem and Regard. 

Boston May 18. 1752. COLVILL. 

Voted that his Lordship's answer be Enter'd upon the Records 
of the Town. 

The Committee appointed the 12 th . Inst. to Consider of the 
Petition of Isaac Dupee Dupee, Solomon Kneeland & others, now 
Reported, That they had met the Pet rs . aforesaid and fully heard 
'em on behalf of themselves ; and the other persons who claim the 
Lands in said Petition mentioned and also fully heard M r . William 
Torrey the Original Def. and upon the whole do Report as oar 
Opinion that the said Petitioners and Claimers, had not sufficient 
notice given 'em of the Law Suit aforesaid, and for want thereof 
could not defend their Right & Interest in said Lands (if they had 
any) therefore, that Justice may be done in the premisses and to 
prevent unnecessary Expence either to the Town, or said Claimers. 
We apprehend it will be best to referr the Claim of each to the 
Determination of such persons as may be mutually chose, they to 
hear, and finally Judge upon the same, as th6. no Action had been 
brought, or Judgment given in favour of the Town and Claimers 
to enter into Bonds to abide by such Determination, all which is 
humbly Submitted by, 

JOSHUA HENSHAW 
JOSEPH LEE 

ISAAC GRIDLEY 

And after some Debate thereon It was Voted that the Consid- 
eration of said Report be referr'd to the General Town Meeting 
in March next. v 

The Committee appointed the 12 th . Instant to Consider of the 
Petition of sundry Inhabitants praying that some method [293.] 
May be taken to prevent so great a number of persons selling 
Strong Drink as now do, Reported, That in their Opinion. The 



220 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Number of Liceiis'd House are too many, more than are either 
necessary or convenient, and mauy of them (as they are now used) 
are nothing but Common Nusances, and unless suppressed, threaten 
the utter Distinction of the morals of this People, and that if 
Twenty persons were approbated to be Innholders, and Sixty 
persons more for Retailers of strong Drink within the Town, it 
would be fully sufficient, or Convenient And 

Whereas there are at present 36 innholders & 126 Retailers 
within the Town, but the Persons thus Licens'd are constantly 
dying, The Committee further Report, that if the Selectmen were 
desired not to grant any new Licenses nor approbate any in the 
Room of those who may die, until their Number be Reduc'd to 
what is hereby reported to be either necessary or convenient, it 
would in time effectually remedy the Evil complained of, & in the 
End be of great Service to the Town, more especially, if in their 
approbations they would have regard thnt the persons thus Licens'd 
be of the best Characters & so situated in the Town as best to 
answer the uecessitys thereof. 

THOMAS HLBBAIID ") 
WILLIAM TYLER ! ~ ee 
SAMUEL WELLES j 
JOHN PHILLIPS J 

And after some Debate thereon, It was Unanimously Voted that 

said Report be accepted, and that the Selectmen for the time being 

be and the}' hereby are desired to Conform to the Method proposed 

in said Report so far as they shall Judge it to be for the Conve- 

\nience and Interest of the Town. 

The Committee appointed the 12 th . Instant to prepare the Draft 
of a Petition to the General Court representing the present dis- 
tressing Circumstances of the Town, praying for Relief &c a . now 
Reported, a Draft that they had prepared, being in the words fol- 
lowing 

To the Honourable Spencer Phips Esq r . Lieu'. Governour 
[294.] And Commander in Chief, The Hon ble . the Council & 
House of Representatives in General Court Assembled May 27 th . 
1752. The Petition of the Town of Boston. 
Humbly Sheweth, 

That the Inhabitants of said Boston are in great Distress on 
many Accounts, & beg Leave to open and lay before your Honours 
their Calamitous Circumstances ; And, 

That which is most apparent & Pungent, is the present prevail- 
ing, contagious and mortal Sickness, which God in his righteous 
Providence, hath sent among them, the Number of such as have 
been sent to their graves by it, have pass'd thro' it, and been 
rais'd up, and of those who now Labour under it, is, about six 
thousand & about Three or Four Thousand more in all probability, 
will be Visited with it, This Expence only, if there be allowed but 
thirty shillings lawful money to each person, for Physicians 
Apothecarys, Nurses, Watchers and other Attendants, extraor- 
dinary Fire, Candles and other unavoidable Charges, will amount 
to an Hundred Thousand pounds old tenor, and perhaps about a 
Thousand persons have moved out of Town on account of this 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1752. 221 

infectious & dangerous distemper, whose Charges at the lowest 
computation must also be considered at thirty shillings lawful 
money each head, which adds above Ten Thousand pounds old 
tenor to the Gross Sum, divers of which persons, may probably 
never return, but Settle out of Town, as was the Case in the last 
time of the Small Pox, and if it should be thus, the Loss to the 
Town, will be much greater ; and with this Raging Sickness and 
Losses by Death and Desertion, there is almost a total decay and 
Extirpation of Trade & Commerce, the only means of the Town's 
Subsist ance. 

These Considerations, These Complicated Afflictions are the 
more distressing, because they found the Town in very unhappy 
circumstances, occasioned by Great & Growing Difficulty's, they 
struggled under before, particularly, 

The great Decay of Ship-Building, & the Distilling Business, 
these are almost the whole Manufacture, the [295.] Town of 
Boston ever pretended to carry on, and till of Late, almost all 
Ships, especially of large burthen, were Built in this Town; 
Whereas lor some Years past, Two Tonne of Shipping have been 
built out of Town, to one in Town, and at Newbury, Five times as 
much as in Boston in proportion to the bigness of the Two Towns. 

As to the Distillery, six Still Houses are wholly unoccupied and 
there is not one in the Town, fully & steadily Employed and most 
of them not half improved, owing not only to the great increase of 
Still Houses at Rhode Island, and to great Numbers very lately 
erected at New York and Philadelphia, but also too many set up 
in this Province, at Chaiiestown, Plymouth, Nantucket, Salem, 
Newbury, Watertown, Haverhill and Medford, and from Nan- 
tucket a considerable Trade is thereby carried on, abroard, to 
Newfound Land & elsewhere, which Island of Nantucket was not 
long since wholly supply'd from this Town of Boston with Rum and 
the other things too, which they now import themselves ; And by 
means of the Fishery, a considerable European Trade is carried 
on from Marblehead and elsewhere, and the very men in Boston, 
who heretofore supply'd the Fishery and Traders is at Marblehead 
and elsewhere, now buy great part of their Supply of English 
goods of those, to whom, but a very few Years since they used to 
Furnish all the English or P>urope;m Goods those persons had, 
but it is however a considerable Ease to the Town of Boston to 
observe, that although so much of their Trade and Manufactures 
be gone from them, they are not gene out of the Province. 

The Town would humbly pray Liberty further to observe, that 
the Excise on Tea, Coffee &c a . in a charge peculiarly lying on 
them, where almost the whole of the Publick Revenue is raised, 
out of the easiest, readie-t, and cheapest refreshment, the Inhabi- 
tants of Boston, can take in a Morning. 

They Cannot but further take notice, with your Honour's leave, 
that the late practice of Killing the Meat used in the Town of 
Boston, in the Town's round about them, has greatly thinned 
and weakned their Inhabitants, insomuch, [296.] That Whereas 
heretofore and not long since, this Town had above Thirty 
Butchers, many of which carried on very large Business ; Those 



222 ' CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Town Butchers kill'd much of the small meat, and all the large 
Beasts, almost without a single Exception, Whereas now Boston 
has but two or three of this Occupation, to kill either great or 
small meat, and they all put together, dont carry on so much Bus- 
iness, as some one of the thirty Butchers did formerly, and with 
these Butchers, the Town has lost in a great measure, the Tann- 
ing, Currying and Shoemaking Business, in which they formerly 
supply'd themselves and much of the Country, but now have not 
enough for themselves, but receive Hides, Tallow, Skins, and Shoes 
from other Towns. 

The Town of Boston would beg leave finally to observe, that 
great Difficulty has risen in the Commerce of the Town, by the 
late Change of the Medium, the Inhabitants of Boston would by 
no means object against or find fault with the Act and Order of the 
Great and General Court, but how necessary and wholsome soever, 
this mia;ht be to the Province in General, it is most certain, that 
since this Change, The Town of Boston has almost wholly, lost 
their Trade to Connecticut and Rhode Island. 

These things as they have lessened their number of Rateable 
Inhabitants about a Thousand, from between three and four Thou- 
sand, to between two and three Thousand, so they have greatly 
increas'd their Poor to such a Degree, that the Charge of the Poor 
has risen from a Thousand or Fifteen Hundred Pounds, to Ten. 
Thousand Pounds old tenor, in but a short time ; Ten Thousand 
Pounds was raised last Year for the Poor, & this Year much more 
will be wanting, beside private Charity, which is tho't to be as 
much or more than the Poor's Tax. 

Upon the whole Considering how much our numbers are lessened, 
the great Loss and Stagnation of Trade, the consequent ami 
necessary increase of our Poor, the universal Distressing, and Ex- 
pensive Sickness, the Cost of which only [297.] Must this Year 
be much above an hundred Thousand pounds old tenor, The 
Town humbly pray and hope, your Honours will Compassionate 
their Case, and make them some Grant out of the Province Treas- 
ury, Remit or Lessen their Tax, or some other way grant them re- 
lief, as to your Honours great Wisdom, Equity and Goodness,, 
shall seem meet, and your Petitioners, the Inhabitants of the Towr. 
of Boston, as in Duty bound, 

vShall ever pray &c a . 

Which was Read, and thereupon It was Unanimously Voted that 
a fair Copy of said Petition be prepar'd & Sign'd by the Town 
Clerk, and that said Committee present the same to the Great and 
General Court now Sitting. 

The Committee appointed the ninth day of March last to draw 
up Reasons to the General Court why the Bridge leading over 
Neponsit River ought not to be declared a County Bridge, and 
maintain'd by the County, Inform'd the Town that they had drawn 
up such Reasons as they Judg'd proper, and presented 'em to the 
General Court, and desired Liberty to Read a Copy of said 
Reasons given in to the General Court, which were Read, Voted 

that the same be Enter'd upon the Records of the Town. the 

same being as follows Viz*. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1752. 223 

To the Honourable Spencer Phips Esq r . Lieu*. Gov r . & Com- 
mander in Chief, The Hon ble . the Council, and House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court Assembled at Cambridge April 2 d . 

1752. The Answer of the Town of Boston, to the Petition of 

the Town of Dorchester, praying that the Bridge over Neponsit 
River, near the Paper Mill may be the Charge of the County of 
Suffolk, 

Humbly Slieweth, 

That your Respondents readily acknowledge the said Bridge to 
be of great use & benefit, & that considerable Repairs are now 
much wanting, But they apprehend that this Bridge ought from 
time to time to be built and repaired by the Town of Dorchester 
& Milton, between which Towns it is situate, for in this manner, 
[298.] The other Bridges in this County and thro, the Province 
are generally erected and maintain'd ; Nor can we find, after Dili- 
gent enquiiy, that any Bridge in any other County, thro, the 
whole Province, is or has been built or repaired at the Charge of 
the County. 

The Building and maintaining Bridges over the Water in Rivers, 
is very much of the same nature and for the same purpose of 
accommodating Travellers and other passengers, as the putting in 
order and repairing highways upon the Land, and by the General 
usage of the several Towns thro, the Province, are at the Charge 
of each Town, where such highways and Bridges, are, and if this 
be reasonable in General, it is peculiarly so, as to this particular 
bridge, for it is between the two considerable Towns of Dorchester 
and Milton, & therefore as the Cost is divided, it cannot ly heavy 
upon them especially, if we remember the advantage of such a 
number and variety of Mills, such a plenty of Fish & such con- 
venient water carriage to and from Market as they are accom- 
modated with, by the River, this Bridge Crosses. 

Your Respondents would beg leave, humbly to observe that the 
Town of Boston is at much more Charge in proportion to their 
Numbers, as to Bridges, Causways and Streets or highways, than 
the Towns of Dorchester or Milton ; the Cost of the Draw Bridge, 
the Bridge in Middle street and the long and difficult Causways 
over the Neck with the paving and Repairs of other Streets, is out 
of all proportion beyond the Charge of Dorchester and Milton as 
to this and all other Bridges and Highways in those Towns, and 
the Case seems to be considerably the same with most if not all 
the other Towns in the County of Suffolk ; It will be found by a 
strict Observation and Comparison that scarce any Town in the 
County have so little Charge lying on them in proportion to their 
Circumstances, as the two Towns of Dorchester and Milton, with- 
out considering their ;idv:intage of Mills, Fish, and Water Carriage 
to Market, as abovcmentioned. [299.] It is probable, that it 
will be alledg'd, that this Bridge has been a Charge to the County, 
& it cannot be deny'd ; But it was not built at first by the County, 
but by the Towns of Dorchester and Milton, with the Assistance 
of some particular Men ; when or how it came to be a Charge to 
the County is more easy to Guess than to Affirm ; But Certain it 
is, that for Sixty Years past it could not legally be made a Charge 



224 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

to the County ; For the Law has given the Court of General Ses- 
sions of the Peace no such power, and if there was any such power 
under the former Constitutation, the present Legislature's taking it 
away, or not renewing it is a sufficient Intimation that it ought not 
to Exercised and it seems high time now, to observe the Direction. 

It is also objected, that this Bridge is not of such peculiar 
Service to Dorchester, being at the extremity of the Town were the 
Inhabitants more seldom pass, but your Honours will Consider that 
this is the Case of many other bridges which yet other Towns 
Erect and Repair, & Dorchester Inhabitants when they have occa- 
sion pass over them, & no reason can possably be given why other 
Towns should provide Bridges and keep them in repair, Circum- 
stanced as this Bridge is, for Dorchester Inhabitants, and the 
Town of Dorchester not be obliged to provide in the same manner 
for the Inhabitants of those other Towns. 

Upon the whole, The Town of Boston humbly begs your Honour's 
leave to move, that as it appears to be neither Legal nor equitable, 
that the County should be charg'd with the repairs of this Bridge ; 
That the Petition of the Town of Dorchester may be Dismiss'd, 
and the Towns of Dorchester and Milton be obliged to repair their 
Bridges, and keep them always in good order as other Towns, much 
less able are necessitated to do. 

And your Respondents shall ever pray &c a . 

The Report of the Committee made the twelfth Instant on the 
proposals of D r . Sylvester Gardiner for taking a Lease of the 
Marsh Lands at the Bottom of the Common was now Read again, 
and after a short Debate thereon [3OO.] It was Voted that said 
Report be and hereby is accepted. 

Also Voted that the Selectmen or a Major part of them be a'nd 
they hereby are Impowered to Execute Leases to said Sylvester 
Gardiner of such part of the Marsh and Lands at the Bottom of 
the Common as are particularly mention'd and bounded in said 
Report, & upon the same Terms mention'd in said Report, and in 
case said Gardner shall refuse to Accept thereof on those Terms, 
Voted that said Selectmen be and they hereby are Impowered to 
Lease out the said Lands for the same Term, to any other person 
or persons that will Accept thereof upon the Terms aforesaid. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Hon ble . James Allen Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting for 
transacting the Affairs thereof. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally Qualified & duly warned in Publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Friday the twenty eighth 
day of August A.D. 1752. 

The Warrant For calling the Meeting, Read. 

Sundry Laws, Read. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq r . was Chose Moderator of 
this Meeting. 

The Town took into Consideration the Business of this Meeting 
mentioned in the Warrant Viz'." Whether Faneuil Hall Market 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1753. 225 

shall be now open'd, or Continue shut up," and after a long Debate 
thereon, It was Moved [#<)!.] And Seconded by many, That the 
following Question may be put, viz'. " In what manner the Town 
will Determine whether Faneuil Hall Market should be now open'd 
or Continue Shut up," and the same being put to the Town It was 
thereupon Voted, That it be determin'd by a written Vote, and that 
such of the Inhabitants as are for opening said Market write, Yea, 
and such as are against it write, Nay, and thereupon the Inhabit- 
ants were directed l>y the Moderator to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes in that Manner, and the Votes being accordingly brought in 
& Sorted, it appeared that the Numbers of Voters were 231. and 
that there were 102 Yea's, & 129 Nays. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes, for two Firewards 
and upon sorting 'em it appeared that 

M r . Thomas Jackson jun r . & 

M r . Newman Greeuough, were chose. 

Then the meeting was Dismiss'd. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly Qualified and lawfully warned in Publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the twelfth 
day of March Anno Dom. 1753. 

Prayer being made by the Rev d . D r . Sewall. 
The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

Sundry Laws Read 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of a Mhderator by a written 
Vote, and the Votes being brought in and Sorted it appeared that 
the Hon ble . Jamos Allen Esq r . was chose. 

Kzekiel Goldthwait was chose, Town Clerk for the ensuing year 
and was sworn into that Office by the Hon ble . Jacob Wendell Esq r . 
having also taken the Oath required by the Act of the 22 d . Year 
[30SJ.] Of his present Majesty, relating to paying and receiving 
Bills of the other Governments. 

Voted, that the Town proceed to the Choice of Seven Selectmen, 
and the Votes being brought in and Sorted, it appeared that, 
Thomas Hancock Esq r . 
John Steel Esq r . 
M r . Samuel Grant 
M r . Thomas Hill 
Joshua Henshaw Esq r . 
Cap 1 . Joseph Jackson 
M r . Joseph Green, were chose. 

M 1 . Joseph Green chose a Selectmen, refuses to Serve. 
The Petition of many Inhabitants praying that the Town will 
determine upon a certain hour, when they will take into Considera- 
tion the Sum to be rais'd for defreying their publick Charges ; Also 
that for the future the Overseers of the Poor annually Exhibit to 
the Town, a List of the names of such persons as receive any part 
of the Towns moneys, or any Support from them ; and that the 
Committee who shall be chose to Audit the Accompts of the 
Selectmen, Overseers of the Poor and Town Treasurer, be ex- 
pressly directed and impowered to Inspect every particular account 



226 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

of the moneys Expended for the use of the Almshouse, and every 
other Branch of the publick Charges, and that the same be printed, 
that so those who pay the Taxes may see how the extraordinary 
charge of the Town arises Was read And after a long Debate 
thereon, the following Question was put " Whether the Prayer of 
the Petition should be granted ? " and it pass'd in the Affirmative. 
Voted that this Meeting be adjourn'd to three o'Clock in the 
afternoon. 

Monday 3 o'Clock in the Afternoon, the Town being Assembled. 
[3O3] Voted that the Town proceed to the Choice of a Se- 
lectman in the room of M r . Joseph Green who refuses to Serve, 
and the Votes being brought in and Sorted it appeared that, 
M r . Thomas Gushing, was chose. 
The Hon. Jacob Wendell Esq r . 
Col. John Hill 
The Hon. Tho'. Hubbard Esq r . 
Dan 1 . Henchman Esq r . 
M r . Edward Bromfield 
The Hon. Andrew Oliver Esq r . 
' John Philjips Esq r . 
M r . Isaac Walker 
Cap 4 . Eben r . Storer 
M r . John Barrett 
M r . Joseph Sherburne 
M r . John Tudor 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

Upon a Motion made and Seconded, It was Voted unanimously 
that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to the 
Gent", the Overseers of the Poor for the last Year, for their good 
Services done the Town. 

M r . David Jeffries was chose Town Treasurer, and took the Oath 
required by the Act of the 22 d . of his present Majesty, relating 
to receiving or paying Bills of the other Governments, and also 
took an Oath for the faithful Discharge of his Duty in that Office. 
Voted that the Town proceed to Choose Twelve Constables 
distinct from the Collectors of Taxes. 

Voted that any Person that shall be chose into the Office of a 
Constable for the year ensuing, be Excus'd from Serving provided 
he pay into the Town Treasury Three Pounds lawful money. 
Constables [In margin] 

Mess". William Davis Pay 

Benj. Davis Pay 

Will 1 ". Mitchell inisnam'd 

Henderson Inches Pay 

Sam 1 . Waterhouse Excus'd 

Joseph Tyler Pay 

James Richardson Pay 

James Boies Excus'd 

John Coburn Pay 

John Cotton Pay 

And w . Oliver jun r Pay 

John Dupee Excus'd 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1753. 227 

[3O4.] Col. John Hill 

John Phillips Esq r . 
Cap 1 . John Games 
Cap*. Joseph Jackson 
Cap 1 . Isaac Freeman 
M r . John Scollay 
M r . John Tudor 
M r . Royal Tyler 
M r . Newman Greenough 
M r . Thomas Jackson jun r . 
M r . Nathaniel Thwing 
M r . Hopestill Foster 
Were chose Firewards for the Year ensuing. 

Voted that the Affair of opening Faneuil Hall Market be taken 
into Consideration tomorrow at Eleven o'Clock in the forenoon. 

Voted that the Petition of the Inhabitants at the Southerly end 
of the Town, praying that a Water Engine may be provided and 
assigned for them, and that the Bell at M r . Byles's Meeting house 
maj' be rung as heretofore, be taken into Consideration as soon as 
the Affair of opening the Market is determin'd. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourn'd till tomorrow morning at 
9 o'Clock in the forenoon. 

Tuesday morning the Town met according to Adjournment. 
Voted that Fancis Borland & John Wheelwright Esq. M r . 
William Cooper, M r . Harrison Gray & M r . Thomas Oxnard be 
and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Accompts 
of M r . David Jeffries, Treasurer of the Town, & also the Accompts 
of the Overseers of the Poor, & the said Committee are hereby 
directed and Impowered to Inspect every particular Account of 
the moneys expended for the use of the Almshouse and every 
other Branch of the publick Charges, & they are desired to make 
Report thereon as soon as they have done the same. 

M r . John Gray 

was chose Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensuing. 
[3O5.] Mess. Robert Ford 

Cap'. Isaac White 
Andrew Symmes 
John Grant 
Benj a . Andrews 
William Nichols 
Clement Collins 

Isaac Vergoose Sworn 

William Paine 
John Greenough 
Joseph Butler 
Moses Eayres 

were Chosen Viewers of Boards, Shingles, &c. for the Year 
ensuing. 

Mess. John Hiller 

Benj a . Ballard 
Edward Potter 
Isaac Towle 



228 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Robert Treat 
Samuel Treat 
Joseph Dyre 
Benj a . Sault 
John Hobbs 
Jon a . Jenkins 

were Chosen Cullers of Staves &c. for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Augustus Hail 
Neal M c .intire 
Nath 1 . Bird 

William Wheeler (Set work Cooper) 
were Chosen Hogreeves for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Jacob Parker 

Nathaniel Barber 
William Fail-field 
Peter Oliver 
John Kneeland 
Samuel Edwards 
Benjamin Church 

were Chosen Assessors for the Year ensuing 
[3O6.] Mess". Moses Deshon 
Richard Billings 
Joshua Bently 
Ebenezer Simpson 
Jacob Holyoke 
Thomas Sherburne 
Bartholomew Gedney 
Ephraim Copeland 
Timothy Newell 
William Torrey 
Samuel Adams 
Thomas Snow 

were Chosen Scavingers for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Caleb Ray 

William Moore 
Onesiphorus Tilestone 
Samuel Warden 
James Tileston 
Samuel Ruggles 

were Chosen Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Samuel Hastings 
Josiah Carter 
John Allen 
Nathaniel Hodgdon 
William Currier 
Ebenezer Wallis 

were Chosen Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. David Colson jun r . 
Nathaniel Gardner 
were Chosen Informers about Deer for the Year ensuing. 

M r . Joseph Curtis, was Chosen Hayward for the Year en- 
suing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1753. 229 

The Selectmen were Chosen Surveyors of High "Ways for the 
Year ensuing. 

Mess". David Cutler 

Thorn;) s Foster 
were Chosen Assay masters for tho Year ensuing. 

[3O7.] Mess". Jonathan Amory Excus'd. 

John Amory Pay 

John Bridge Serv'd last Year so . Excus'd. 

Samuel Phillips Pay 

Arnold Welles Pay 

Edward Scott Pay 

were Chosen Constables for the Year ensuing. 

M r . John Wendell Tert 8 . was Chosen a Constable for the Year 

ensuing Sworn. 

Mess. Joseph Jackson 
John S col lay 
Thomas Greene 
were Chosen Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing. 

The said Committee are desired and Impowered to give all 
needful Directions to the keeper of the Granary respecting the 
Qtiautitys of Grain to be sold, and settling the Price thereof from 
time to time as Occasion may require. 

The Petition of sundry Inhabitants for Opening Faneuil Hall 
Market \\as taken into Consideration, and after some Debate 
thereon Voted That the said Market be now Opened accord- 
ingly- Also Voted, That the Selectmen be and they hereby are 
directed to Lease the Stalls in Faneuil Hall Market to such 
Persons only as will bring in for Sale here at a reasonable Price, 
the Hides and Tallow of all such Cattle as they shall kill, and that 
tliey give Security to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen for their so 
doing. 

Voted, That M r . Moses Deshon be Clerk of Faneuil Hall 
Market, for the Year ensuing. 

Mess". Abraham Rogers .... Sworn. 
AVilliam Boardman .... Pay 
Thomas Maccarty .... Pay 
Abraham Savage .... Excus'd 

Joseph Man Pay 

Jeremiah Belknap . refuses to Serve or Pay. 
Edward Lad Sanders . . . Sworn 
James M c .millian .... Excus'd. 
were Chosen Constables for the Year ensuing. 
[3O8.] Mess". William Gray 
John Gore 
Daniel Oliver 
Jonathan Mason 
Cornelius Thayer 
John Morley 
Charles Deming 
John Leverett 
Isaac Cazneau 
Andrew Oliver Jeweller 



230 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Josiah Waters 
William Homes 

were Chosen Clerks of the Market, for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Christopher Banks . . . Excus'd 

Henry Snow Excus'd. 

John Griffith Excus'd 

James Bailey Excus'd 

Thomas Mitchell .... Pay 

Edward Davis Excus'd. 

were Chosen Constables for the Year ensuing. 

The Selectmen's Report on the Accompt of M r . John Fenno, 
keeper of the Granary for the Year past, as Entred in his Book 
(and on File in the Town Clerk's Office) Read and Voted, That 
the same be Accepted, & accordingly that M r . Fenno be further 
Accountable to the Town for One hundred & Seventy four bushels 
of Indian Corn, and thirty bushels Rye am , to Thirty Seven 
pounds eighteen Shillings & four pence three farthings, & also for 
the Sum of Three hundred & Sixty three pounds fifteen Shillings 
& nine pence half penny Cash, amounting in the whole to the sum 
of Four hundred & one pounds fourteen Shillings & two pence one 
farthing, lawful money, exclusive of the Sum of Twenty Six 
pounds thirteen Shillings & four pence, for his Salary and Assist- 
ance, which is charg'd in said Accompt, & hereby allowed him. 

The Petition of Sundry Inhabitants at the Southerly part of tlie 
Town praying that a Water P^ngine may be provided and Assign'd 
for them, and that the Bell at the Rev d . M r . Byles's Meeting house 
maybe Rung at such hours as shall be jndg'd necessary, was Read 

& taken into Consideration and after some [3O9.] Debate 

It was Voted, That the Selectmen be and they hereby are directed 
to provide a good Water Engine at the Expeuce of the Town and 
keep it in such a place at the Southerly part thereof as will best 
Accommodate the Inhabitants living there, and that a Master for 
said Kngine, and such a Number of other Persons be appointed, 
by the Selectmen to take the Care and Charge of said Engine, as 
they shall judge necessary. 

Also Voted That the Bell at the Rcv d . M r . Bj-les's Meetinghouse 
be for the future Rung at such hours, as the Selectmen shall direct 
and think necessary- 
Voted, That the Assessors be and they hereby are Irapowered 
to Sit upon the Abatement of Taxes to the first Day of May next 
and no longer, saving that they have Liberty to Sit the two last 
weeks in November next to Abate the Taxes of all such Persons, 
as shall appear to them to have Died, or been out of Town, and 
so could not have made Application to them before the said first 
Day of May. 

Also Voted, That the Assessors be and they hereb}' are directed 
and required to begin to Sit and make the Taxes of the current 
Year the first Week in September next, and so continue sitting de 
Die in Diem, until they have Compleated the same, Provided they 
shall then have receiv'd the Warrants from the Province Treasurer, 
and from the Court of Sessions for the Province and County Tax. 
The Petition of Abiah Hoi brook Master of the South Writing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1753. 231 

School praying for Additional Assistance in Instructing the 
Scholars, and that an Allowance may be made him for Supplying 
them with Ink, was taken into Consideration, and thereupon it was 
Voted, that 

Thomas Hubbard Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Greene 
Jacob Wendell Esq r . 
Joshua Winslow Esq r . and 
Samuel Welles Esq r . 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to take said Peti- 
tion into Consideration, and Report to the Town what they think 
necessary to be done thereupon, and said Committee are [31O] 
Also desired to Consider in what place it will be most convenient 
for the Town to Erect another Writing School for the better Edu- 
cation and Accomoclation of Children, and Report thereupon. 

Upon a Motion made and Seconded. 

It was Voted, That M r . John Tudor, M r . John Ruddock M r . 
Samuel Adams, Foster Ilutchinson Esq r . M r . Harrison Gray, M r . 
Oxenbridge Thacher, and M r . William Cooper, or the Major part 
of them, be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Visit 
the Publick Schools in the Town the Year ensuing at such times 
as they shall think proper, to See what Number of Children are in 
each School, to Enquire into their behaviour and Attendance, and 
the Government and Regulation they are under, and they are de- 
sired to make Report hereon at the General Town Meeting in 
March next. 

Tything-men Nothing done thereon. 

The Votes for a County Treasurer being brought in were Sealed 
up by Constable Wendell, to be by him kept and return'd to the 
Court of General Sessions of the Peace in April next. 

Voted, That this Meeting be Adjourn'd to Three o'Clock in the 
Afternoon. 

Three o'Clock in the Afternoon, the Town met according to Ad- 
journment. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be and hereby they are directed to 
Provide and Maintain Three Bulls to go on the Common at the 
Expence of the Town. 

Voted, That Twelve pence on the Pound be & hereby is Allowed 
to be paid to the Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing, for all 
such Sums as they shall Collect, Provided they pay unto the Town 
Treasurer, One half part of the whole Sum they are Obliged to pay 
him within four Mouths from the time they receive the Tax Books 
from the Assessors, and the other half part in Three Months after, 
and also pay to the [311.] Province and County Treasurers, one 
half part, of the whole Sums they shall be Oblig'd to pay them re- 
spectively in Seven Mouths from the Time they shall receive the Tax 
Books from the Assessors, as aforesaid, and the other half part 
in Five Months after, and in case either of the said Collectors shall 
fail paying the Treasurers in manner as aforesaid, the Collector so 
failing shall not be Entitled to the aforesaid Allowance of Twelve 
pence on the Pound, but wholly forfeit the same. Provided also 
that each of Said Collectors give Bond with sufficient Sureties to 



232 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

the Satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faithful Discharge of 
their Duty in said Office, and Complying with this Vote. 

Voted, That the Town proceed to the Choice of Six Collectors 

of Taxes the Votes being brought in it appeared that 

Mess. John Ruddock 

Joseph Russell 

Hopestill Foster 

Thomas Downe jun r . 

James Scntt and 

Jonathan Payson 
were chose 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . What Application is necessary 
to be made to the General Court, that the Town may be " Abated 
such Taxes as have been usually paid by those of its Inhabitants 
that the last Summer remov'd into the Countrey Towns to avoid 
the Small pox and paid Taxes there ", was taken into Considera- 
tion, and thereupon it was Voted that 

Samuel Welles Esq r . 

Abie I Walley Esq r . 

M r . Edward Bromfield 

M r . William Cooper, and 

M r . Thomas Greene, 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to prepare the 
Draft of a Petition to the General Court thereupon, and Report 
the same to the Town at the Adjournment of this Meeting. 

The Petition of David Wheeler praying that the Town would 
Sell or Lease to him the Pond at the South End called Wheeler's 
[312.] 1'ond, was Read, and thereupon Voted, That the Town 
Clerk be and he is hereby directed to look into the Deed or Grant 
of said Pond made by Gyles Dyer Esq r . to the Town and Report 
at the Adjournment of this Meeting upon what Conditions it was 
granted. 

The Town proceeded to Consider of some Method for raising 
Moneys to pay the Heirs of M r . John Dolbeare Deced, for the 
Brick house he built on the Towns Lands near the Dock, agreeable 
to the Lease thereof formerly made him, and now expir'd, and 
after some Debate thereon, Voted that the Selectmen be and they 
hereby are impowered to Advertise the Leasing of said Lands, 
receive proposals concerning the same, and make Report thereof 
to the Town at their General Meeting in May next, that so the 
Town may Act thereon as they shall think proper. 

Voted, That this Meeting be and hereby is Adjourn'd to Friday 
the 23 d . instant, at Nine o'Clock in the Forenoon. 

Friday the 23 d . of March 1753. the Town met according to their 
Adjournment. 

M r . Moses Deshon inform'd the Town that he was Chose Clerk 
of Faneuil Hall Market, but that his Business will not allow him to 
Serve in that Office & desired to be Excus'd. 
Voted, That he be Excus'd accordingly. 

Voted, That the Consideration of raising Money for the defreying 
the Publick Expences be refer'd to the General Town Meeting in 
May next, and that the Town then Determine upon a certain hour 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1753. 233 

when they will raise the same Also Voted that the making 
Grants to any Person in the Service of the Town be refer'd to said 
May Meeting. 

Mess. Alexander Lebloud Sworn 

Daniel Bass Sworn 

Sanderson West Sworn 

Daniel Eveleth Excus'd 

Samuel Trott Sworn 

Robert Williams Sworn 

John Bridge Sworn 

chosen constables 

[313.] Samuel Haley Sworn 

Samuel Ridgaway jun r Sworn 

Joseph C:indish Excus'd 

John Edwards Excus'd 

were Chosen Constables for the Year ensuing. 

M r . John Pattin was Chosen a Constable . . . Sworn. 
The Committee appointed the 13 th . instant, to Visit the Publick 
Schools, See the number of Children in each School ; Enquire into 
their behaviour and Attendance &c. appeared and pray'd they 
might be Excus'd from that Service, Whereupon It was Voted That 
said Committee be Excus'd from that Service accordingly. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be & they hereby are desired to Visit 
the Publick Schools more frequently than has been hitherto 
Practical and Enquire into the behaviour of the Scholars and the 
Government and Regulation they are under, and give such Direc- 
tions to the Masters of Said Schools concerning them, as they 
shall judge needful. 

The Committee appointed the 13 th . instant, on the Petition of 
M r . Abiah Hoi brook Master of the South Writing School, now 
Reported, That they had taken the same into Consideration, and 
were of Opinion that Two Hundred and Ninety Six Scholars are 
too manv for any School even, if there were three Persons appointed 
to have the Instruction and Government of it, and thereupon Re- 
ported that it would not bo for the Benefit of the Town to place 
another Usher there, but rather to determine on some other part 
of the Town for another School, which will undoubtedly have a 

tendency to lessen this And as it would be much for the Ease 

of the Master as well as benefit of the Scholars, constantly to have 
good Stationers Ink in Use they further Report that the said 
Masters have Liberty to find the same at the Charge of the Town, 
provided he will do it for Four Pounds p Annum. 

The Committee have likewise viewed several parts of the Town 
represented to them as suitable to Erect another School-house 
upon, As also the School house that M r . Holyoke now keeps, and 
finding the same will Admit of an Addition of about Twenty four 
[314.] Feet, which when done will be as large as the South 
Writing School in the Common, and will conveniently hold Two 
Hundred Scholars (a Number in the Committee's Opinion full 
enough for any two Persons to have the Care of) and as this 
Addition may be made for about One Hundred and Twenty Pounds, 
they Report that at this time it is the best thing for the Ease and 



234 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

benefit of the Town that such an Addition be made as soon as 
may be. 

And after some Debate thereon A Question was put, 

Whether said Report be Accepted, and it pass'd in the Affirma- 
tive. 

Also Voted, that the Selectmen be and the}' hereby are desired and 
Impowered to Enlarge the Writing School in Queen Street as soon 
as may be, in the manner mentioned in the said Report. 

Also Voted, That M r . Abiah Holbrook provide the Scholars 
under his Care with Ink as be requests in his Petition, provided he 
will do it for Four Pounds Lawful Money a Year. 

The Committee appointed the 12 t:i instant to prepare a Draft of 
a Petition to the General Court, " that the Town maybe abated such 
Taxes as have been usually paid by those of its Inhabitants that 
the last Summer removed into the Countre} 7 Towns to avoid the 
Small Pox and paid Taxes there " Reported a Draft they had pre- 
pared, and after some Debate thereon It was Mov'd and 

accordingly Voted That the Power of said Committee be Enlarg'd 
and that they not only Consider of the particular Affair above 
mentioned, but also that they take into Consideration the present 
distressing state and Circumstances of the Town on every Account, 
and prepare a Draft of a Petition to the General Court, therein 
representing the same in as full and particular a manner as may 
be, praying for Relief &c. and make Report of said Draft to the 

Town at their General Meeting in May next Also Voted 

That D r . William Clark be Added to said Committee for the pur- 
poses aforesaid. 

Upon a Motion made and Seconded, It was Unanimously Voted, 
That the Gentlemen the Representatives of the Town give the 
Thanks of the Town to the Great and General Court [315.] 
Or Assembly of this Province at their next Sessions, for their 
great Goodness in making a Grant of Six Hundred Pounds Lawful 
Money, for the Relief of such poor Inhabitants of this Town, as 
were the last Summer visited with the Small Pox. 

The Petition of David Wheeler, praying that the Town would 
Sell or Lease to him the Pond at the South End called Wheeler's 
Pond, was Read, and after some Debate thereon 

Voted, That the said Petition be Dismissal . 

It being represented to the Town, that part of their Land near 
and about Wheeler's Pond is greatly Encroached upon, and by 
some Persons bordering thereon taken into their own Lnuds. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be and they hereby are desired to En- 
quire into such Encroachments, and remove the same, and Settle 
and Stake out the Bounds of the Towns Lands there that so it 
may for the future be known how far the same extend. 

A Motion was made by I) r . William Clark & Seconded by 
several of the Inhabitants, that the Town would Give or Lend to 
the Linnen Manufactory Company the Sum of Twelve Hundred 
aud Ninety One Pounds. 

Old tenor Bills of the Neighbouring Governments, which for a 
considerable time past, has lain useless in the Treasury," and 
after some Debate thereon A Question was put, Whether the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1753. 235 

Town will now proceed to Act on said Motion? And it pass'd in 
the Affirmative. And then another Question was put, Whether 
the Town are willing M r . Treasurer Jeffries should Lend the 
aforesaid Moneys to said Company to be improv'd by them for the 
Benefit thereof, until the Town should call lor the same? And it 
pass'd in the Affirmative. 

M r . Abijah Adams was Chose Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market for 
the Year ensuing. 

The Town took into Consideration the Eeport of a Committee 
(appointed the 12 th . of March last) on the Petition of Isaac Dupee 
Solomon Kneeland and others made at the Town Meeting in 
[316.] May last, and there Recorded at large, and which was 
refer'd over to this time, and after some Debate thereon 

Voted, That said Report be and hereby is Accepted. Also 
Voted, That M r . William Fairfleld, M r . Thomas Greene and M r . 
Joseph Calef be and they hereby are appointed a Committee and 
fully Authorized and Impowered for and in behalf of the Town to 
join with the Petitioners and any other Persons that Claim any 
Right or Interest in the Lands mentioned in said Petition, in re- 
ferring their respective Claims to such Persons as shall be by them 
mutually Chose, and said Committee are also Impowered to Sign 
& Execute such Bonds as may be judg'd necessary to Oblige the 
Town to Abide by the Award or Determination of said Referees 
or a Major part of them provided the other Parties also give suffi- 
cient Security for Abiding by such Determination, and whatsoever 
said Committee shall do or cause to be done in the Premisses, the 
Town hereby Promise to Ratify & Confirm. 

The Committee appointed the 12 th . of March last, to Audit the 
Accompts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries now Reported that they had 
Attended that Service and find the same right Cast and well 
vouch'd ; and the said Treasurer charges himself with sundry 
Fines receiv'd from Justices of the Peace, with the Rents and 
Incomes of the Town and with the Taxes committed to the Col- 
lectors, Amounting in all to 8465,, 18,, 7,, And the said Treas- 
urer discharges himself by sundry Abatements made the Collectors, 
by what he has already paid of the Selectmens and Overseers 
Drafts, and by what remains unpaid of said Drafts &c. Amounting 

in all to 4374,, 15,, 10^ By which it appears that when all 

the Taxes Rents &c. are paid in, the Ballance will be Forty hun- 
dred and Ninety One Pounds Two Shillings and Eight pence 
farthing, which the said Treasurer is further to Account for, as 
appears by the Tryal Ballance of said Accompt given in by said 
Committee and on File, which Report and Accompt being Read 
Voted That the said Report be and hereby is Accepted. 

Voted, That all the Business and Affairs of this Meeting 
[317.] That still remain uufinish'd, be refer'd over to the Gen- 
eral Meeting of the Town in May next, to be then Considered of 
and Acted upon. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given to 
the Hon ble . James Allen Esq r . the Moderator, for Managing the 
Affairs of this Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 



236 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duly qualify'd and lawfully warn'd in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil IJall, on Tuesday the 15 th . 
day of May A.D. 17o3. 

Prayer was made by the Rev". M r . Samuel Checkley. 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting. Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

John Steel Esq r . One of the Selectmen propos'd in their name 
to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the Choice of a Person 
or Persons to represent them in a Great and General Court OL 
Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday the Thirtieth 
Day of May instant, and in Order thereto, to Consider and Ascer- 
tain the Number of Gentlemen to be Elected, accordingly it was 
Voted to proceed to the Choice of Four Representatives and it 
was then declar'd that the Poll be clos'd at Twelve o'Clock. 

The Votes being Collected, the number of Voters were found to 
be 445. and upon sorting 'em it appeared that the following Gen- 
tlemen were Chose. Viz'. 

Votes 

Thomas Hubbard Esq r 411. 

James Allen Esq r 282. 

Samuel Welles Esq r 266. 

M r . James Bowdoiu 249. 

The Election of Representatives being over, and the same 
declar'd by the Selectmen. 

[318.] The Inhabitants proceeded to bring in their Votes for 
a Moderator, and upon Sorting 'em, it appeared that the Hon ble . 
Thomas Hubbard Esq r . was Chose by a great Majority. 

The Town then proceeded to bring in tlieir Votes for One 
Selectman in the room of Thomas Hancock Esq r . who declines 
Serving, and upon sorting 'em, it appeared that M r . Samuel 
II ewes was chose by a great Majority. 

The Petition of Henry Atkins, Ezekiel Goldthwait, James Pitts, 
John Rowe, Thomas Goldthwait, Nathaniel Holmes John Baker 
and Thomas Mitchell, setting forth, that they have Purchased a 
Tract of Land in the Township of Chelsea at a place called Pulliu 
point for Carrying on the Fishery there, praying the Town will 
Lease to them Deer Island (which belongs to the Town) for such 
a Time and on such Terms as the Town shall judge proper, for 
the better Enabling the Petitioners to carry on said Fishery, said 
Lease to Commence upon the Expiration of the Lease made by the 

Town to M r . Henry Lloyd, .was now Read and Considered of 

and after some Debate thereon It was Voted That the Prayer 

of the Petition be granted, and that the Selectmen be and they 
hereby are fully Authorized and Impowered to give and Execute 
a Lease of said Island, and the Appurtenances thereof unto the 
said Petitioners and their Heirs &c. they to hold the same for the 
term of Seven Years at the Rent of Twenty Shillings p Annum, 
provided there is Yearly and every Year during that time Twenty 
Vessels belonging to the Inhabitants of Boston Employed in the 
Fishery at said Pullin point, and that upon Failure thereof said 
Lease shall be then void, and said Island and Appurtenances 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1753. 237 

revert to the Town, as tho' said Lease had never been made, the 
Petitioners keeping said Lands in good heart, and keep the Build- 
ings & Fences in good repair during the Lease, and at the Expiration 
thereof deliver it up in like good repair, the Petitioners also paying 
all such Taxes as shall be Levyed on said Premisses, the above 
said Vessells to be of the Burthen of Forty Tuns, One with the 
other. 

[319.] Voted, That the Consideration of raising Moneys be 
icfer'd to Six o'Clock this Afternoon. 

The Selectmen appointed a Committee the 23 d . of March last, to 
View the Pond called Wheeler's Pond at the South part of the 
Town, to Enquire into the Encroachments there made, and after- 
wards Settle and Stake out the Bounds of the Towns Lands there, 
now Report, that they had done the Business Assign'd 'em, and 
that it was their Opinion that said Pond is of no benefit to the 
Town, but a considerable Nusance, and like to Continue so, and 
that it will be best for the Town to dispose of it for the most it 
will fetch, there now being several Persons who are ready to 

Purchase it, After some Debate thereon Voted, That 

said Report be Accepted, Also 

Voted that the present Selectmen or a Major part of them, be 
and they hereby are fully Authorized and Impowered to Sell said 
Pond and the Town's Lands around it, for the most they can, and 
to give and Execute for and in behalf of the Town, good and legal 
Deeds therefor to the Purchaser, said Lands to be first Advertis'd, 
and then Sold to the highest bidder, and that the Produce of such 
Sale be Applyed to the Payment of the Heirs of M r . John 
Dolbeare Deceased for the Buildings he Erected on the Towns 
Lands at the head of the Dock. 

The Petition of the Committee of Kings Chappel, praying that 
Liberty may be granted them to Erect three Pillars of Stone on the 

Towns Land at the Easterly End of said Chappel w:is Read, 

and thereupon, It was Voted that Thomas Hubbard Esq r . Henry 
Atkins Esq r . M r . James Pitts, M r . Stephen Greenleaf and M r . 
Jacob Parker be a Committee to View the place where it is pro- 
pos'd said Pillars shall be Erected, and whether said Pillars will 
incommode or Obstruct a convenient Entrance into any of the 
Tombs near there, and make Report at the Adjournment of this 
Meeting. 

The Petition of M r . Samuel Holyoke praying he may be con- 
tinued Master of the Writing School in Queen Street, was Read, 
and thereupon it was Moved that the Petitions of M r . John Procter 
jun r . and M r . Samuel Holbrook praying that they [32O.] May be 
appointed Master of said School, in Case One should be there 
wanted, may be Read, which were Read accordingly and after a 
considerable Debate thereon, It was Voted that the Prayer of M r . 
Holyoke's Petition be so far granted as that M r . Holyoke be con- 
tinued Master of said School on such Terms and Conditions as 
shall be Agreed upon by him and the Selectmen, to whom it is 
refer'd. 

The Town Enter'd upon the Consideration of raising Money 
for the Relief of the Poor, and defraying other necessary Charges, 



238 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

and after some Debate thereou It was Moved and Voted that the 
same be refer'd to the Adjournment of this Meeting, and that in 
the mean time the Treasurer be directed to prepare the must exact 
Account he can of the particular Expenees of the Town, and how 
they arise and lay the same before the Town at said Adjournment. 
The Committee appointed the 23 d . of March last to prepare a 
Draft of a Petition to the General Court, now Reported a Draft of 
the same, which is as follows, Vizt. 

To the Honourable Spencer Phipps Esq r . Lieutenant Goveru- 
our and Commander in Chief of the Province of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay, The Hon ble . the Council and House of Represent- 
atives in General Court Assembled, May 30 lh . 1753. 
The Petition of the Town of Boston, 
Humbly Sheweth. 

That they readily Acknowledge it, a great favour of divine 
Providence that they live under a Government, to which the} 7 may 
freelv apply, and from which they may Obtain relief under any 
pressing difficulties, of which they have had a recent instance, by 
the gracious Grant out of the Province Treasury in the late distres- 
sing time of the Small Pox, which bounty they mention with a very 
humble and grateful sense. 

[321.J This Encourageth the Town in their present Case, to 
lay open before your Honours their Circumstances and distresses ; 
It is very obvious that the Extent of Land in Boston, is the least 
of any Town in the whole Province and of consequence, that their 
great proportion of Taxes, may be founded on some adventitious 
circumstances which must be the Commerce or Manufactures 
carry'd on there, in which it is very certain and plain, that the 
Town of Boston, heretofore had very greatly the Advantage, it 
being almost the sole Seat of Foreign Trade, receiving and export- 
ing almost all the Commoditys produced by this and the neigh- 
bouring Governments, and supplying them with such Foreign 
Goods as this Town imported and as the others stood in need of; 
There was also, from the earliest days of the Town a great and 
growing benefit by Ship-building, not only for their own Use and 
Navigation which was formerly all that went abroad from New 
England, but also for Sale in Our Mother Countrey, in the whole 
not less than Five or Six Thousand Tons of Shipping were Built 
Annually in the Town, and the larger sorts of Ships till lately were 
almost wholly built there ; This necessarily Employed and brought 
into Town a great number of Shipwrights, Blacksmiths Ship- 
joyners Ropemakers, Blockmakers, Sailmakers, Riggers, and other 
Labourers as well as Sailors, all which mainly resided in Boston, 
and added to their numbers and Wealth, and help't to pay the 
Towns proportion of Taxes ; whereas, now, three quarters of the 
Shipping are built out of this Town and more especially at New- 
bury ; and about Forty Years since, begun a considerable branch 
of Business by Distilling Molasses or Treacle as it is call'd at home, 
and refining Sugar; These Manufactures for near Twenty Years 
were wholly confined to the Town of Boston, and there was 
scarcely a Still house or Sugar house any where else, in this or any 
of the Neighbouring Governments; This bro't on a large Trade 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1753. 239 

not only in importing the Molasses and Raw Sugar, from which 
the Spirits and Loaf Sugar were made, but also in exporting the 
Rum and other Spirits Distilled and the Sugar refined to New 
York, Pensilvaiiia, Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, 
for Wheat, Bread, Flour, Indian Corn, Pork, Beef, Pitch, Tar, 
Turpentine, Tallow, Furs, Skins and other things too many to be 
particularly named, as well as to Newfoundland and Nova [322.] 
Scotia for Fish, Train Oil and Bills of Exchange ; whereas for 
divers years lately, the Distilling is not only spread and carried on 
in various parts of this Province, as Plimouth, Salem, Charlestown, 
Newbury, Nantucket, Watertown and Medford, but also exceeding 
largely in Newport & Providence in Rhode Island Government, 
and there are also many Still houses and Sugar houses in New 
York and Philadelphia and also considerable of the Distilling Busi- 
ness carried on at New London, Norwich, Newhaven, and Middle- 
town in Connepticut, insomuch, that now this Town has but a 
small Share of Supplying, even the home consumption, for beside 
what the Distillers in the other Towns of the Province, Sell, very 
large quantities are bro't into this Province, by Land and Sea 
from Newport and Providence in Rhode Island Colony ; The Trade 
of the Town of Boston is also exceedingly lessened in English 
Goods, for whereas, for a great number of Years they Supply'd 
this Province, Connecticut, New Hampshire and Rhode Island 
wholly, they now send but little to Connecticut, and hardly any 
thing at all to Rhode Island, and as to this Province, divers Persons 
now Inhabitants of Boston are Supply'd with English Goods very 
largely, from the very men in other Towns, who but a few years 
since had their whole Supply of English and almost all other Goods 
out of this Town, and of these very men. 

There has been also lately introduced another practice, that, of 
the common Victuallers or Butchers living in other Towns and 
there generally killing the Meat for this Town, both great and 
small, whereas formerly the greatest part of the small Meat was 
killed by Town Dwellers and the large Beasts almost without a 
single exception, The Hides & Skins were then almost wholly 
Tanned, Curryed & Manufactured in Town, the Shoemakers in the 
Country were mainly Supply'd with Leather from hence, and great 
numbers of Shoemakers in Boston, had large Employ in making 
Shoes for People living in the other Towns of the Province ; But 
the very reverse is the Case now, hardly a single Bullock is killed 
by an Inhabitant of Boston, nor is One quarter if an Eighth part 
of the Hides belonging to the [323.] Meat consumed by the 
People in Boston, Tanned & Manufactured here, Our Shoemakers 
what few We have, are Obliged to go into the Countrey for their 
Leather, and a great number of Shoemakers who live in the 
Country, have large Employ from Boston. 

These things the Removal of Ship-building, sinking of the Dis- 
tillery & Sugar Works here, the killing the Meat and Manufactur- 
ing the Hides and Skins out of Town, have thinned Our Numbers 
above a Thousand Rateable Men, carried from us many of Our 
most Industrious, frugal and provident Inhabitants, who have left 
us a number of thoughtless, Idle and Sottish Persons, who have 



240 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

very soon of course, come to be the charge and burthen of the 
Town, Insomuch, that in a few Years, the Poor's Tax has risen 
from about a Thousand or Fifteen hundred Pounds Old tenor, to 
above Ten Thousand Pounds a year, and the sum given, in 
quarterly Meetings, Monthly Contributions, half Yearly Collections 
on the Anniversary Fasts and Thanksgivings and private Charitys 
are tho't to Amount to as much, and many think more ; And the 
Expence of this Town of Boston for the Poor is tho't by the most 
Industrious, to be more than the whole Province beside, on that 
Occasion and some say than all the Governments of New England 
put together, exclusive of Boston : so that the most Observing and 
best Acquainted are very positive, that the Poor's Tax in Boston, 
is double (if not more) to what it is, in any Town of it's bigness, 
upon the face of the whole Earth. 

This Excessive Charge has begun and is likely very much to 
increase, another great and ruinous Mischief, the. driving Our 
Wealthy and most able Inhabitants out of this Town, to Dwell 
and be Rated in the Countrey. It is a known and settled point 
that about a quarter of a fifth part of what they pay in this Town 
of Boston, is the extent of what they will ordinarily be Rated, 
in almost an}* Town, they can Move into, in the Countrey ; It must 
be a strong temptation, to be able to Sleep quietly a few Miles out 
of Boston, and Escape paying Five Hundred or a Thousand Pounds 
a Year, This is the Case, numbers are gone already, more are 
going, others are preparing to go, and unless there be some 
remedy the Town must be depopulated and the Poor perish by 
themselves. 

[324.] These are Our Circumstances 3'et we cannot but hope, 
that by the interposition of Your Honour's Equity and Goodness 
this Once flourishing but now siuking Town, may be saved from 
ther dismal prospects and their hopes (as they humbly conceive) are 
founded on Justice, their proportion in the Province Assessments, is 
much the same as in their most prosperous state, when the Province 
was little more than half so Numerous in the other parts of it, and 
scarce a quarter so Able in point of Wealth, It is impossible the 
same proportions should be equitable, when One part is undeniably 
Sunk very much below what they were, and the other part more 
than doubled in their Ability, this must be Acknowledged to be 
the Case in comparing the present and past state of the Countrey ; 
Boston has most certainly Sunk, and is by a Thousand Rateable 
Inhabitants, less, the other parts of the Province are most certainly 
risen, become more flourishing, their Lands better Subdued and 
made more profitable their numbers of Rateable Inhabitants in- 
creased by many Thousands, their Trade, especially that which is 
Foreign, more that ten times greater than it was a very few Years 
ago; We need only name the Countys of Essex, Middlesex and 
Worcester to shew the Increase of Inhabitants and Husbandry, and 
the Towns of Plimouth, Salem, Maiblehead, Newbury, Glocester, 
Nantucket York and Falmouth in Casco Bay, to evidence the great 
and flourishing Foreign Trade carried on, which formerly wholly 
cordered in Boston, but is, now gone from it, to these several grow- 
ing & flourishing Towns, if a Fifth or a Sixth part of the Tax, was 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1753. 241 

Boston's Proportion formerly a Tenth or a Twelfth part, is much 
more than their proportion now. 

Wherefore, your humble Petitioners pray your Honours to Settle 
the proportion of the Town of Boston in the Public!* Assessments, 
according to the present state of the Town and Countrey, or in 
some other Way, according to your known Wisdom and Justice 

give them relief And your Petitioners (as in Duty bound) 

shall ever pray &c. 

After the same was Read, It was Unanimously Voted That it be 
Accepted, also Voted That the Town Clerk [325.] Prepare a fair 
Copy thereof, and Sign the same in the name of the Town, and 
that the Gentlemen the Representatives be and hereby are desired to 
present it to the General Court at their next Session, and Use their 
utmost Endeavours that the Prayer thereof be granted. 

Voted, That this Meeting be Adjouru'd to Monday the 28 th . 
instant at three o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

Monday the 28 th . of May 1753, three o'Clock in the Afternoon, 
the Town met according to Adjournment. 

Upon a Motion made and Seconded, It was unanimously Voted, 
That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given to Thomas 
Hancock Esq r . for the many faithful and generous Services by him 
done for the Town during the time he Acted as One of their 
Selectmen. 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and they are hereby directed to 
give to Thomas Hancock Esq r . a Draft on the Treasury for the Sum 
of Eight Pounds Seven Shillings & Six pence Sterling Money, 
being so much Expended by Christopher Kilby Esq r . in London, to 
prevent the Allowance of an Act of (his Province relating to the 
Excise laid on the Sale of Tea, Snuff, Arrack, Coffee and China 
Ware. 

Upon a Motion made by Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq r . and Seconded 
by many of the Inhabitants, It was Unanimously Voted, That the 
Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given unto Christopher Kilby 
of London Esq f . for his great pains taken and close Attendance 
upon the Lords Commissioners of Trade and Plantations, and also 
a Committee of the Lords of His Majesty's most Honourable 
Privy Council, in order to get repealed An Act lately pass'd by this 
Government, laying an Excise upon Tea, Coffee, Snuff Arrack and 
China Ware, Sold here, which the Town apprehended to be a great 
Prejudice to it, and which the said Christopher Kilby Esq r . by his 
Assiduity and Care got repealed accordingly. 

[326.] Voted, That the Selectmen be and they hereby are 
desired to Write a Letter to Christopher Kilby Esq r . and the Ex- 
ecutors of Eliakim Palmer Esq r . Deceas'd, desiring them to send 
an Account to. the Town, how much they have Expended of the 
Three Hundred Pounds Sterling, received by said Kilby and Palmer 
on a Bill of Exchange drawn for that sum by Andrew Oliver Esq r . 
in Order to enable them as the Agents of the Town to Defend a 
Suit brought by John Ludgate, and others, against the Town, and 
lately depending before His Majesty in Council, and that they 
would Remit the Balance now in their hands, to the Town, as 
soon as may be. 



242 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

The Town took into Consideration the Article in the Warrant 
Viz'. " To determine upon some Method for raising Moneys to pay 
to the Heirs of M r . John Dolbeare Deceas'd for the Buildings he 

Erected on the Towns Lands at the head of the Dock " and 

after some Debate thereon 

Voted That M r . David Jeffries Treasurer of the Town be and 
he hereby is desired and fully Impowered to borrow upon Interest 
of any Person or Persons such a Sum of Money as he shall find 
necessary to pay off said Heirs, over and above the Sum that the 
Sale of Wheeler's Pond will Amount to, and that said Treasurer 
give his Bond for the Payment of the same, which Bond or Bonds 
the Town hereby Promise and Engage to Discharge when the same 
shall become due. 

The Committee appointed by the Town the 15 th . instant, on the 
Petition of a Committee of Kings Chappel praying that Liberty 
may be granted them to Erect three Pillars of Stone on the Towns 
Lands at the Easterly End of said Chappel now Reported that they 
had Attended that Service, and find that the three Pillars Peti- 
tioned for, may be so placed as not to Incommode any Person, 
and that the Proprietors of the Tombs, and the Relatives of those 
buryed thereabouts are consenting to the same, also Report as 
their Opinion that the Prayer of said Petition be granted, and that 
the Petitioners have Liberty to Erect said three Pillars, provided 
they set them in the places propos'd by the Committee the Souther- 
most of [327.] Which to be at least, Six feet from the first step 
leading down into M r . Fairfield's Tomb, and the whole three not 
exceeding Ten feet from the Body of the Church, and that when 
they proceed to build them, that they notify the Proprietors of the 
Tombs, and the Persons who have their Relations buryed there- 
abouts to be present, which the Committee apprehend will be a 
proper Expedient to maintain Peace and give Satisfaction, pro- 
vided also that if in breaking up the Ground, they find the Bones 
of any Deceased Persons, they put them into a distinct Box, and 
bury them in some other place, provided also that the Land in- 
cluded between the Church and the three proposed Pillars, shall 

not be Inclosed which Report being Read, after some Debate 

thereon, Voted, That said Report be and hereby is Accepted, 
and that the Petitioners have Liberty to Erect said three Pillars, 
in the manner and on such Terms as are mentioned in said 
Report. 

Voted, a Grant of Four Thousand Pounds Lawful Mone}*, be 
rais'd by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within the Town of Boston 
for Relief of the Poor and defreying other necessary Charges 
arising within said Town the Year ensuing. 

Voted, That the Sum of One Hundred and Twenty Pounds 
Lawful Money, be Allowed and paid unto M r . Peleg Wiswell for 
his Salary, as Master of the North Grammar School for the Ensu- 
ing Year, the same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, 
and to Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, That the Sum of One Hundred and Twenty Pounds 
Lawful Money be Allowed and paid unto M r . John Lovell for his 
Salary, as Master of the South Grammar School for the ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1753. 243 

Year, to be paid quarterly as it shall become due, and to 
Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, That the Sum of One Hundred Pounds Lawful Money 
be Allowed and paid to M r . Abiah Holbrook, Master of [328.] 
The Writing School in the Common for the ensuing Year to be 
paid quarterly, as it shall become due and to Commence at the 
Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, That the Sum of One Hundred Pounds Lawful Money be 
Allowed and paid to M r . Zacheriah Hicks, Master of the North 
Writing School, for the ensuing Year, to be paid quarterly as it 
shall become due, and Commence at the Expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted, That the Sum of Fifty Pounds Lawful Money be Allowed 
and paid to M r . Nathaniel Gardner, Usher of the South Grammar 
School for the ensuing Year, to be paid him quarterly as it shall 
become due, to Commence at the P^xpiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, That the Sum of Fifty Pounds Lawful Mone^y, be 
Allowed and paid to such Person as shall be appointed by the 
Selectmen Usher of the Writing School in the Common to be paid 
him quarterly, as it shall become due. 

Voted, That the Sum of Fifty Pounds Lawful Money, be 
Allowed and paid to such Person as shall be appointed by the 
Selectmen Usher of the North Writing School, to be paid quar- 
terly as it shall become due. 

Voted, That the Sum of One Hundred Pounds Lawful Money 
be Allowed and paid to M r . David Jeffries for his Services as 
Treasurer of the Town for the Year past, and for all his Expences 
in his Office. 

Voted, That the Selectmen be and they hereby are desired to 
Visit the Publick Schools as Usual, and Invite such Gentlemen to 
Attend them, as they may think proper. 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given to 
the Hon b;e . Thomas Hubbard Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting, 
for transacting the Business thereof, and Thanks were given him 
accordingly. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

[329.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and Warned in Publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Friday the Sixteenth 
Day of November, A.D. 1753. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting, was Read. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq r . was chosen Moderator. 

The Town proceeded to Consider of the Business mentioned in 
the Warrant for calling this Meeting, Vizt. " To Choose two Col- 
lectors of Taxes for the present Year, in the room of Mess". 
Joseph Russell and Hopestill Foster who were chose in March 
last but refuse to Serve," and the Town being inform'd that the 
four other Collectors who were then Chose were willing to Collect 
the whole Tax. Voted, That the Town will not Choose any more, 
but that the said four Collectors, Viz'. John Ruddock, James 
Scutt, Thomas Downe jun r . and Jonathan Payson be and hereby 



244 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

are Impowered to Collect the whole Tax for the Year. 1753, the 
Vote pass'd in March last, that there should be Six Collectors not- 
withstanding, the said four Collectors to give Bond and to Collect 
and pay in their Taxes in the same manner as is particularly 
mentioned in the Vote pass'd in March last. 
Then the Meeting was Dis-miss'd. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and lawfully warned in Publick 
Town Meeting Assembled in Faneuil Hall on Monday the Eleventh 
Day of March, A.D. 1754. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r . Charles Chauncey. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting, Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

[33O.] The Town proceeded to the Choice of a Moderator by 
a written Vote, and the Votes being brought in and Sorted, it 
appeared that the Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq r . was chose and 
he accordingly took the Oath required by the Act of the 22 d . year 
of His present Majesty, relating to paying & receiving Bills of the 
other Governments. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait was chose Town Clerk for the Year ensuing, 
and having taken the Oath required by the Act of the 22 nd year 
of His present Majesty, relating to paying and receiving Bills of 
Credit of tlie other Governments, took the Oath of Office, which 
were Administred to him by John Steele Esq r . 

The Petitions were Read. 

Voted That the Town proceed to the Choice of Seven Selectmen, 
and the Votes being brought in and Sorted, it appeared that 
M r . Samuel Grant 
M r . Thomas Hill 
Joshua Henshaw Esq r . 
Capt. Joseph Jackson 
M r . Thomas Gushing 
Capt. Samuel Hewes 
M r . John Scollay 
were chose. 

Upon a Motion made and Seconded, It was Voted that the 
Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given unto John Steele Esq r . 
for the good Services he has done the Town for many Years past, 
as a Selectman. 

Voted, That the Town proceed to the choice of Twelve Con- 
stables distinct from the Collectors of Taxes. 

Voted, That any Person that shall be chose into the Office of a 
Constable for the year ensuing, be Excus'd from Serving pro- 
vided he pay into the Town Treasury, Three Pounds Lawful 
Money. 

M r . David Jeffries was chose Treasurer of this Town for the 
ensuing year, and took the Oath required by the Act of the 22 d . of 
His present Majesty, relating to his paying or [331.] Re- 
ceiving Bills of Credit of the other Governments, and then took an 
Oath for the faithful Discharge of his Duty in that Office. 

The Petition of sundry Inhabitants praying the Town would 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1754. 245 

reconsider the Vote pass'd in March last, relating to the Overseers 
annually exhibiting a List of the Names of all such Persons as 
have received any part of the Towns Money, or any Support from 
them, was taken into Consideration, and after some Debate thereon, 
It was Voted that the said Vote in March last be reconsidered ac- 
cordingly. 

Mess. William Clark Apothecary . Excus'd 
Charles Ward Apthorp . . Pay 
Thomas Leverett .... Excus'd 

Samuel Osborne Pay 

Thomas Parker Excus'd 

William Stow Pay 

Edward Wigglesworth . . . Pay 
Samuel Waterhouse . . . Pay 

Thomas Games Excus'd 

Daniel Boyer Excus'd 

Samuel Hughes Queen Street Pay 
Thomas Greene jun r . . . . Pay 
were chosen Constables for the year ensuing. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3 o'Clock P.M. 
Monday, the 11 th . of March 3 o'Clock P.M. the Town met ac- 
cording to Adjournment. 

Mess. William Rand paid in 1750. 

Isaac Decoster .... Sworn 

John Pattin Sworn 

Jonathan Rogers . . . Excus'd 
Thomas Bailey .... Excus'd 
Thomas Symmes .... Pay 
William Scott .... Pay 
William Homer .... Excus'd 

Samuel Burt Excus'd 

Joseph Bass Sworn 

James Boyes Excus'd 

William Edes .... Excus'd 
were chose Constables for the year ensuing. 
[333.] The Hon ble . Jacob Wendell Esq r . 

Col. John Hill 

The Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq r . 
Daniel Henchman Esq r . 
M r . Edward Bromfield 
The Hon ble . Andrew Oliver Esq r . 
John Phillips Esq r . 
M r . Isaac Walker 
Capt. Ebenezer Storer 
M r . John Barrett 
M r . Joseph Sherburne 
M r . John Tudor 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the year ensuing. 

Mess. Charles Henley Excus'd 

Alexander Leblond . . . . . Sworn 

John Bridge Sworn 

John Edwards Excus'd 



246 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Oliver Wiswall Pay 

Thomas Raymond Excus'd 

were chosen Constables for the year ensuing. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a County 
Treasurer, and they being Collected were Sealed up by Constable 
Pattin, to be by him kept and return'd to the Court of General 
Sessions of the Peace in April next. 

The Town having in the forenoon Voted to Reconsider the 
Vote pass'd in March last, relating to the Overseers annually ex- 
hibiting a List of the Names of all such Persons as have receiv'd 
any part of the Towns Money, or any Support from them, won 
took the same into Consideration, and thereupon Voted that 
the said Vote in March last be and hereby is declared null and 
void and that the Overseers proceed as was usual before said Vote 
pass'd. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for Seven Assessors, 
and they being Sorted it appeared that 
Mess. Jacob Parker 

William Fairfield 
John Kneeland 
John Winslow 
[333.] Peter Oliver 

Samuel Edwards, and 
Benjamin Church- were chose. 

Voted that the Meeting be Adjourn'd to 9 o'Clock tomorrow 
morning. 

Tuesday, nine o'Clock in the forenoon, the Town met according 
to Adjournment. 

M r . John Gray 
was chose Surveyor of Hemp for the year ensuing. 

Mess. Robert Ford Sworn 

Isaac White 
Henry Berry 

Clement Collins Sworn 

Andrew Symmes .... Sworn 

Isaac Vergoose Sworn 

John Grant 

William Paine Sworn 

William Nichols 
Benjamin Russell 

Moses Eayres Sworn 

Benjamin Bicknell .... Sworn 

were chosen Surveyors of Boards, Shingles &c. for the year en- 
suing 

Mess. Isaac Fowle 
David Spear 
Edward Potter 
Robert Treat 
Samuel Treat 
Peter Cotta 

Benjamin Ballard .... Sworn 
John Helyer Sworn 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1754. 847 

Joseph Dyer 
Benjamin Sault 
were chosen Cullers of Staves, Hoops &c for the year ensuing. 

The Selectmens Report on the Accompt of M r . John Fenno 
keeper of the Granary for the year past, as Knter'd in [334.] 
His Book (and on File in the Town Clerks Office) Read and Voted 
that the same be Accepted, and accordingly that M r . Fenno be 
further Accountable to the Town for Eleven hundred and Fifty 
bushels of Corn remaining unsold amounting to One hundred and 
Sixty one Pounds, and also for the sum of One hundred & ninety 
Pounds eight Shillings & one penny farthing, "'ash amounting in 
the whole to the sum of Three hundred & fifty one Pounds eight 
Shillings & one penny, farthing lawful money, exclusive of the 
sum of Twenty six Pounds thirteen shillings & four pence, for 
his Salary, & Assistance, as charg'd in said Accompt, which is 
hereby allow'd him. 

Mess. Robert Clark Sworn 

John Glen Sworn 

William Andrews . . . Excus'd 

Thomas Price Sworu 

John Askins Excus'd 

were chosen Constables for the year ensuing. 
John Hill Esq r . 
John Phillips Esq r . 
M r . John Scollay 
Capt. Joseph Jackson 
Capt. Hopestill Foster 
M p . Thomas Jackson Distiller 
M r . Newman Greenough 
M r . Royall Tyler 
Capt. Thomas James Gruchy 
M r . Joseph Jackson Truckman 
Capt. Solomon Davis 
Major Nathaniel Thwing 
were chose Firewards for the year ensuing. 
Mess. Nathaniel Bird 

William Stukely .... Sworn 

Joseph Candish Sworn 

Samuel Smith Cordwainer . Sworn 
were chosen Hogreves for the year ensuing. 

Mess. Nathaniel Gardner .... Sworn 

David Colson jun r Sworn 

were chosen Informers about Deer for the year ensuing. 
[335.] Mess". Daniel Evelcth 
Samuel Torrey 
Powers Mariot 
Joshua Blanchard 
Jacob Holyoke 
David Wheeler 
James Sherman 
Samuel Bass 
Joshua Bentley 



248 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Eobert Pierpont 
Robert Williams, Baker 
John Welch 

were Chosen Scavingers for the year ensuing. 
Mess. Caleb Ray 

William Moore Sworn 

Onesiphorus Tilestone 

Samuel Warden Sworn 

Story Dawes Sworn 

Samuel Ruggles Sworn 

were Chosen Fence Viewers for the year ensuing.. 

Mess. Samuel Hastings .... Sworn 

Thomas Hase Sworn 

Thomas Hartley 

William Currier Sworn 

John Allen 

Nathaniel Hodgdon . . . Sworn 
were chosen Sealers of Leather for the year ensuing. 

M r . Joseph Curtis was chosen Hayward for the year ensuing. 
Sworn 

The Selectmen were chosen Surveyors of Highways for the year 
ensuing. 

Mess. David Cutler 

Thomas Foster 

were chose Assay-masters for the year ensuing. 
Capt. Joseph Jackson") 

M r . John Scollay >- Com 16 *, for Purchasing Grain. 
M r . Thomas Greene ) 

[336.] were chose Purchasers of Grain for the year ensu- 
ing The said Committee are desired and Impowered to giv 

all needful directions to the keeper of the Granary respecting the 
Quantity s of Grain to be Sold, and setting the Price thereof from 
time to time as Occasion may require. 

Mess. Isaac Cazneau Sworn 

Daniel Oliver Sworn 

Cornelius Thayer Sworn 

Charles Deming 

Jonathan Mason Sworn 

William Homes 

Josiah Waters Sworn 

Andrew Oliver Jeweller Sworn 

William Gray . Sworn 

John Deming Sworn 

Daniel Boyer Sworn 

John Winslow, Hatter Sworn 

were chosen Clerks of the Market for the year ensuing. 

Tything-men Nothing done thereon. 

Voted, that Cap'. Joseph Jackson, M r . Thomas Greene and M r 
John Scollay be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to 
Enquire into all Breaches of the Act of this Province relating to 
Millers in this Town, and Prosecute all such as shall be guilty of the 
same, by not Conforming to the Particular directions of said Act. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1754. 249 

Voted, that the Assessors be and they hereby are Impowered to 
Sit upon the Abatement of Taxes to the first day of April next, 
and no longer, saving that they have Liberty to Sit the two last 
Weeks in November next to Abate the Taxes of all such Persons 
as shall appear to them to have Died, or been out of Town, and 
could not have made Application to them before said first day of 

April Also Voted that the Assessors have Liberty to sit in 

said two Weeks in November to Abate the Taxes of all such Per- 
sons which shall then appear to them have become Bankrupts 
between the first day of April and said time of Sitting, and which 
the Collectors have Endeavour'd to get in, but could not. 

[337.] Voted, that Twelve on the Pound be and hereby is 
allowed to be paid to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of 
Taxes for the year ensuing, for all such Sums as they shall Collect, 
Provided they pay unto the Town Treasurer, One half part of the 
whole Sum they are Obliged to pay him within four Months from the 
time they receive the Tax Books from the Assessors, and the other 
half part in three Months after, and also pay to the Province and 
County Treasurers, One half part of the whole Sums they shall be 
Obliged to pay them respectively in Seven Months from the time 
they shall receive the Tax books from the Assesors as aforesaid, 
and the other half part in Five Months after, and in Case either of 
the said Collectors shall fail paying the Treasurers in manner as 
aforesaid, the Collector so failing shall not be Entitled to the afore- 
said Allowance of Twelve pence on the Pound, but wholly forfeit 
the same, Provided also that each of said Collectors give Bond 
with sufficient Sureties to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen for 
their faithful Discharge of their Duty in said Office and Complying 
with this Vote. 

Mess. John Ruddock 

Thomas Downe jun*. 
James Scutt 
Jonathan Payson 
were chosen Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing. 

Mess. Thomas Chapman , . Sworn 

Richard Richardson Excus'd 

William Jackson Excus'd 

James Bailey Excus'd 

Mess. Augustus Hail Sworn 

were chosen Constables for the Year ensuing. 

Samuel Procter Sworn 

Roger Stayner Sworn 

were chosen Constables for the year ensuing. 

Voted, That M r . Thomas Greene, Thomas Hancock Esq r . 
M r . William Coffin, M r . Isaac Walker and M r . William Cooper be 
and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Enquire what Fines 
have been paid into the Town Treasury for several years [338.] 
Past when they were are paid, by whom, and the respective 
Sums so paid, the said Committee are also desired to Consider what 
Method they apprehend the Inhabitants had best take to recover 
such Fines as they judge may be now due to the Town, and make 
Report hereon at the General Town Meeting in May next. 



250 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

The Petition of sundry Inhabitants, Abutters on Beacon Street, 
and many others, setting forth the necessity of Paving said Street, 
and that in case the Town will Allow Fifty Pounds towards doing 

the same, the Abutters will pay the remainder Read & Voted 

that the Sum of Fifty Pounds lawful money be paid out of the 
Treasury towards paving said Street, to be paid when the same is 
done, the Abutters undertaking to be the remaining part of the 
Charge for doing the same. 

The Petition of sundry Inhabitants praying that part of Anne 
Street may be Widened, it being now so narrow thnt it is danger- 
ous to pass and repass the same, and in order to do it, there will 
be a necessity to take down part of a House belonging to the Heirs 
of M r . Jeremiah Allen DecOd, and part of a House belonging to 
One M r . Haddocks Read, and 

Voted, that the Selectmen prefer a Petition to the General Court 
praying the Town may be Enabled to Widen said Street, by taking 
down so much of said Houses, as may be necessary therefor, 
allowing such Consideration for the same, as the General Court 
shall judge reasonable. 

The Petition of Thomas Hubbard Esq r . Setting forth that in the 
year 1737, when the Town had Concluded on Building a Work- 
house, and in order to have the same Erected in some Commodious 
part of it, it was judged by a Committee of the Town necessary 
to remove the Granary from the place it then stood in, to where it 
now is, and the Petitioner (being One of that Committee) finding 
that the Granary had till then been without a Cellar, thought it 
very inconvenient that so good a Building should remain so any 
longer, and thereupon proposed the things being done, after it was 
removed, upon this the Towns Committee proposed to the Peti- 
tioner that he should have a term of time in it, if he would under- 
take it himself, to which he suddenly [339.] Agreed for Sixteen 
years, immediately went about & Accomplished it, at the Cost of 
more than Two Hundred Pounds, the then Currency, altho' he was 
afterwards Enjoined by the Committee to Lath and Plaister under 
the lower Floor of the Granary, which he never Expected to do, 
when he agreed for that term of time, but so it is that notwithstand- 
ing he hath had the Sixteen years in it, the 12 th . of December last, 
yet during that whole time he has had Opportunity to hire it out 
but 2 years at the rate of Thirty Pounds Old tenor p. Annum, 
and about 2^ years more at the Rate of Sixty Pounds, the other 
part of the 16 years, it hath lain mostly Unimproved, unless it be 
by his sometimes housing Pitch and Tarr in it, at a very consider- 
able Expence The Petitioner therefore humbly Conceives that 
as it was his real Intention to Serve the Town in what he did, so 
the Town will not suffer him to be a Looser thereby, which he In- 
evitably must be, unless he hath a longer time allowed him therein 
or be otherewise relieved by the Town, which he humbly submitted 

to their Consideration ; said Petition being Read Voted that 

for the Considerations mentioned, and reasons given in said Petition, 
the said Thomas Hubbards term in said Cellar be and hereby is ex- 
tended Ten Years longer to commence the 12 th . of December last, and 
that the Selectmen Execute a Lease thereof to him accordingly. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1754. , 251 

The Committee appointed the 12 th . of March last, to Audit the 
Accompts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries now reported, that they had 
attended that Service, and find the same right cast & well 
Vouched, in which A ceo', he Charges himself with sundry Fines, 
Rents and other Incomes of the Town, as also with the Tax of 
4,000 committed to the Collectors, all which Amounts (including 

the Ballance of Old Acco*. to the Sum of 8575,, 3,, 9| And 

the said Treasurer discharges himself by sundry Abatements made 
the Collectors, by Drafts made by the Selectmen Am , to 2525,, 
4,, l and by Drafts made by the Overseers of the Poor, which 
contain the Charges of the Almehouse and Workhouse, Am , to 
1316,, 11,, llf which said Com 1 * 6 , inspected in a very particular 
manner by Examining every particular Voucher, produced by the 
Overseers for the Amount of that Sum, and every other branch of 
Publick Charge, all Am , to 5142,, 5,, ll [34O.1 By which 
it appears that when all the Taxes Rents & Incomes of the Town 
are in, the Ballance will be 3432,, 17,, 10 which the said Treas- 
urer is further to Account for, as appears by the Tryal Ballanoe 
of said Accompt, given in by said Committee and on file, which 
Report and Accompt being Read, 

Voted the same be Accepted. 

Voted, that M r . William Cooper, M r . Thomas Tyler, Thomas 
Greene John Wheelwright and Thomas Oxnard Esq. be and they 
are appointed a Committee to Audit the Accompts of M r . Treas- 
urer Jeffries, and also the Accompts of the Overseers of the Poor, 
and the said Committee are hereby directed and Impowered to 
Inspect every Particular Acco'. of the Moneys expended for the 
Use of the Almshouse, and every other Branch of the Publick 
Charges, and they are desired to make Report thereon, as soon as 
they have done the same. 

The Committee appointed the twelfth clay of March last, on the 
Petition of Isaac Dupee, Solomon Kneeland & others, relating to 
their Claim of Lands mentioned in said Petition, now Reported 
that on the twenty sixth of December last, pursuant to the power 
given them, they Executed Bonds of Submission on behalf of the 
Town unto Isaac Dupee, Solomon Kneeland and Thomas Walley 
on behalf of themselves and others that Claim the Lands & Prem- 
isses in Dispute, who likewise Executed Bonds to said Committee, 
whereby was refer'd their Right Claim and Demand, as also the 
Right Claim and Demand of the Town, to said Lands unto the 
Determination of Samuel Danforth Esq r . of Cambridge James 
Russell and Samuel Bradstreet of Charlestown Merchants ; who 
accordingly met and fully heard the Committee & the other 
Claimers upon the Premisses, and on the twenty eighth day of 
February last, gave in their final Award and Determination there- 
upon which Bond and Award the said Committee Read and 

presented to the Town for their Confirmation, and said Committee 
further Reported that they apprehended it to be best that said 
Bonds and Award be Enter'd upon the Towns Record, to prevent 

any Disputes relating to said Lands for the future thereupon It 

was Voted that said Report be Accepted, and that the Lands given 
and Assigned to the Petitioners and other Claitners by said Refer- 



252 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

rees be and hereby [341.] Are Confirmed unto them and thier 
Heirs forever as is mentioned in their Award. Also Voted that 
the said Bonds of Submission and said Award be Enter'd at length 
on the Towns Records to prevent any Disputes relating to said 
Land for the future. 

Which Bond and Award are as follows. Viz 1 . 

Know all Men by these presents that We Isaac Dupee Mariner 
and Solomon Knecland Leather dresser and Thomas Walley 
Merchant all of Boston in the County of Suffolk (for Ourselves 
and such other persons as shall or do claim the Lands and Prem- 
isses hereafter described) are holden and stand firmly Bound and 
Obliged unto William Fairfield Bricklayer, Thomas Greene Mer- 
chant & Joseph Calef Tanner all of Boston aforesaid (as they are 
a Committee of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston aforesaid specially appointed and Impowered by them 
at their Meeting the 23 d . of March last to Settle the Claim of said 
Town to the same Lands) in the full and just Sum of Five Hun- 
dred Pounds lawful money, to be paid to said William Fairfield, 
Thomas Greene and Joseph Calef their Exc6r*s Admor's or Assigns 
to and for the only Use and benefit of said Town, To the true 
Payment whereof We Bind Ourselves Our heirs Excor's and 
Admor's jointly and severally firmly by these presents, Sealed 
with Our seals. Dated the twenty sixth day of December, One 
Thousand Seven Hundred & Fifty three. 

Whereas the Inhabitants of the said Town of Boston at the 
Superiour Court of Judicature held at Boston within and for said 
County of Suffolk on the Eighth day of March 1749 Recovered 
Judgment against William Toirey of Boston aforesaid Baker for 
the Possession of a Peice of Land Situate in Boston aforesaid 
bounded Northerly Seventy eight feet on a Street or Lane that 
leads from Water Street to Olivers Dock Easterly Sixteen feet of 
Land of Christopher Tilden and Thirty feet & an half Easterly on 
Land of M r . Hunt and others, Southerly Thirty feet on Water 
Street, Westerly Thirty feet on Land in Possession of John Shaw, 
Northerly twenty six feet on said Land in Possession of said Shaw 
Westerly twenty seven feet on said Land in said Shaws Possession, 
Southerly fourteen feet on Water Street, Westerly twenty six feet 
on Land improved by James Beighton, Northerly twenty four feet 
on said Land in the improvement of said Beighton & Westerly, 
Sixteen feet on Land in the improvement of James Allen Esq r . 
with the Appurtenances, And afterwards had Possession thereof 
delivered to their [342.] Selectmen accordingly. And Whereas 
the above Bounden Isaac Dupee and Solomon Kneeland for them- 
selves and other Claimers of the above said Lands preferr'd a 
Petition to the said Town at their Meeting in May 1752. Setting 
forth (among other things) that they apprehended they have a just 
and legal right and Title to the Lands aforesaid, and they were 
never Informed of the aforesaid Action or Suit brought by the 
Town for . . . Possession of the same Lands, which they would 
have Defended and that they could have made out their Title to 
the same, if they had proper Notice given 'em thereof, praying the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1754. 253 

Town that said Affair may be Amicably Settled by Referring the 
Claims of the Town and the Petitioners to such Persons as may be 
mutually chose by them to Determine the same, or that it be other- 
wise settled as should be judged best ; and thereupon the Town 
appointed a Committee to Consider what they apprehended was 
best for the Town to do in said Affair, who Reported that they 
had fully heard said Claimers and said William Torrey, relating to 
the matters suggested in said Petition, and that Justice might be 
done and Unnecessary Expence in the Law either to the Town or 
the Claimers prevented they judged it would be best to Refer the 
Claims of each to the Determination of such Persons as should be 
Mutually chose, they to hear and finally judge of the same, as tho' 
no Action had been brought or Judgment given in favour of the 
Town, which Report was Read, and Accepted by the Town at 
their publick Meeting the 23 d . of March last, And it was then 
Voted that the said William Fairfield, Thomas Greene and Joseph 
Calef be a Committee for said Town, and were fully Authorized 
and Impowered for and in behalf of the Town to join with the 
Petitioners and any other Persons that Claim any Right or Interest 
in said Lands in referring their respective Claims to such Persons 
as shall be by them Mutually Chose, and said Committee were 
also Impowered to Sign & Execute such Bonds as may be judged 
necessary to Oblige the Town to Abide by the Award or Determi- 
nation of such Referees or a Major part of them provided the 
other Parties also give sufficient Security for abiding by such De- 
termination, and whatsoever said Committee should do or cause 
to be done in the Premisses the Town promised to Ratify and 
Confirm, And Whereas the said William Fairfield Thomas Greene 
and Joseph Calef a Committee impowered as aforesaid, and the 
said Isaac Dupee Solomon Kueeland and Thomas Wnlley for 
themselves and the other Claimers to said Lands, have Mutually 
[343.] Chosen and Appointed Samuel Danforth of Cambridge 
Esq r . and James Russell and Samuel Bradstreet of Charlestown 
Merchants Referrees, to hear them relating to their respective 
Claims Title and Interest in said Lands, and finally to Judge and 
Determine upon the same as though no Action had been brought 
or Judgment of Court given in favour of said Town. 

The Condition therefore of the aforewritten Obligation is such, 
that if the said Isaac Dupee & Solomon Kneeland & 'Thomas 
Walley and the other Persons who Claim any Title or Interest in 
said Lands their respective Heirs Excors, or Admors shall and 
do stand to Abide by, and in all respects fulfill and perform the 
Award Arbitrement or Determination of the Referrees aforesaid or 
of a Major part of them ; relating to their Title and Interest in the 
Lands & Premisses aforesaid and not any ways depart from the 
same, Provided it lie delivered, or be ready to be delivered to such 
of the Parties as shall desire it, under the hands and Seals of said 
Referrees or a Major part of them, on or before the tenth day of 
March next ensuing, And in the mean while Attend said Referrees 
or a Major part of them, with their Papers and Evidences at such 
times and places as they shall Appoint, and all without fraud or 



254 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

delay then this aforewritten Obligation shall be void, otherwise 
shall be in full force. 

Signed Sealed and Delivered 

in presence of Us, ISAAC DDPEE & a Seal 

EZK 1 ". GOLDTHWAIT SOL. KNEELAND & a Seal 

JOHN SAVEL THOMAS WALLET & a Seal. 

We the Subscribers Referrees chosen and appointed in and by 
the aforewritten Bond of Submission, have met and heard the 
respective Parties in said Bond named and fully Considered of such 
Evidence as they produced relating to their several Claims to the 
Lands therein described, and do Award that the Judgment afore- 
said, recovered by the Inhabitants of said Town of Boston for 
Possession of said Lands and the Writ of Facias habere Posses- 
sionem granted thereupon, be and hereby are made Null and void, 
and in Consideration thereof, We the said Referrees (b}* and with 
the full and free Consent of the said Parties) do hereby Assign 
unto the said Town of Boston part of the same Lands, Viz'. Out 
of the Lands of the said Solomon Kneeland thirteen feet two inches 
in length, and Five feet three inches in breadth from the Middle 
of the Pav'd Gutter, Out of the Lands of [344.] The Heirs of 
John Walley Esq r . Deced, Forty seven feet and an half in length 
and Five feet three in breadth (both of which Lands are on the 
South side of said Gutter) and out of the Lands of said Isaac 
Dupee Seventy Nine feet & Eight Inches in length, and Four feet 
Nine Inches in breadth from the Middle of said Gutter (said 
Dupee's Land being on the North side of said Gutter) which said 
Lands the said Town of Boston are to hold as an Estate of Inherit- 
ance in Fee Simple forever, and are hereby deem'cl to be said Towns 
full proportion of the Lands whereof they had recovered possession 
by force of the Judgment aforementioned. Witness Our hands 
and Seals the twenty eighth day of February, One Thousand Seven 
Hundred & Fifty four. 
Signed Sealed & Delivered 

in the presence of us. SAMUEL DANFORTH & a Seal 

JOHN SAVEL JAMES RUSSELL & a Seal 

EzEK 1 -. GOLDTHWAIT SAMUEL BRADSTREET & a Seal. 

Capt. Isaac Dupee was chose Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market for 
the year ensuing. 

The Petition of sundry Inhabitants for Paving Moon Court 
Street Read. 

Voted, That the same be Dismissed. 

Voted that the Assessors be and hereby are directed and re- 
quired to begin to Sit and make the Taxes of the current year 
the first Week in August next, and so continue Sitting de Die in 
Diem, until they have Compleated the same, provided they shall 
then have received the Warrants from the Province Treasurer, and 
from the Court of Sessions for the Taxes. 

Voted that the Committee this day chose to Audit the Accompts 
of the Treasurer and Overseers of the Poor, be desired when they 
Attend that Service, to prepare a List of the Names of all such 
Persons as Receive Charity from the Town out of the House, and 
Present it to the Town with their report, and that the same be 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1754. 255 

lodged in the Town Clerks Office for the Inspection of any of the 
Inhabitants that shall desire it, Also Voted that said Committee 
be desired to prepare an Acco'. of the general Articles in the Se- 
lectmens, and Overseers Drafts, and lay the same before the 
Town. 

[345.] Voted, that all Matters that remain unfinished be and 
hereby are refer' d over to the Meeting in May next to be then 
Considered and Acted upon. 

Thanks was Voted the Moderator. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and Warn'd in Publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the fifteenth 
day of May A.D. 1754. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Samuel Mather. 

The Precept and W arrant for calling the Meeting Read 

Sundry Laws Read. 

M r . Samuel Grant one of the Selectmen propos'd in their Name 
to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the Choice of One or 
more Persons to represent them in the Great and General Court or 
Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday the twenty ninth 
day of May current, and in order thereto, to Consider and Ascer- 
tain the Number of Gentlemen to be Elected, accordingly It was 
Voted to proceed to the Choice of four Representatives, and it was 
then declar'd that the Poll be clos'd at twelve o'Clock. 

The Votes being Collected the Number of Voters were found to 
be 603. and upon sorting 'era it appeared that the following Gen- 
tlemen were chose Viz'. 

Votes. 

Samuel Welles Esq r 392 

James Allen Esq r 549 

Thomas Ilubbard Esq r 586 

M r . James Bowdoin 430 

The Election of Representatives being over, and the same de- 
clared by the Selectmen. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Moder- 
ator, and upon Sorting 'em, it appeared that the Hon ble . Thomas 
Hubbard Esq r . was chose by a great Majority. 

[346.] Sundry Petitions Read. 

The Selectmen appointed a Committee the 15 th . of May last to 
Visit the Schools, now made the following Report, Viz'. 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
in Town Meeting Assembled May 15. 1754. 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Meeting the 
15 th . of May last, desiring the Selectmen to Visit the several 
Publick Schools, and Invite such Gentlemen to Accompany them 
therein, as they should think proper do now Report. 

That on the 29 th . day of June last, We Attended that Service 
Accompanied by the following Gentlemen, Viz'. 
The Hou hle . Jacob Wendell Esq r . 
Richard Bill Esq r . 



256 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Andrew Oliver Esq r . 
Judge Sewall 
The Gent n . the Representatives 

of Boston. 
The Rev d . D r . Sewall 

D r . Chauncey 
M r . Prince 
M r . Eliot 
M r . Cooper 

Daniel Henchman Esq'. 
Charles Apthorp Esq r . 
Thomas Hancock Esq r . 
John Phillips Esq r . 
John Hill Esq r . 
M r . Isaac Walker 
M r . John Barrett 
M r . Ebenezer Storer 
M r . James Pitts 
M r . Joseph Sherburn 
M r . John Tudor 
M r . Peter Chardon 
M r . David Jeffries 

And found that in the South Grammar School there was 120 

Scholars, in the South "Writing School 320 Scholars, in the Writing 

School in Queen Street there were 85 Scholars, in the North 

Grammar School 43 Scholars, and in the North Writing School 

280 Schdlars, all in very good order. 

SAMUEL GRANT 

THOMAS HILL 

JOSHUA HENSHAW \- Selectmen of Boston. 
JOSEPH JACKSON 
SAMUEL HEWES J 

Read and Accepted, and Voted that the Gentlemen the Select- 
men be and hereby are desired to Visit the Schools this present 
year, & Invite such Gentlemen to Accompany them as they shall 
think proper. 

[347.] The Committee appointed tne 11 th . of March last, to 
Enquire what Fines have been paid into the Town Treasury for 
several years past, when they were paid, by whom, and the re- 
spective Sums so paid, and to Consider what Method the Inhabi- 
tants had best take to recover such Fines as they judge 
may be now due to the Town, now Report, That the Fines paid 
into the Town Treasury from the 13 th . of June 1739, to this day, 
by several of His Majesty's Justices of the Peace and Sheriffs 
Am , to 539 12 8. Old tenor, & 43 ,, 8 ,, 6. lawful money, 
as by a particular Acco'. thereof, and of the Names of the Persons 
who paid the same, which said Committee exhibited to the Town 
appears, and as those Justices who have paid, did never render 
legal Accompts, and as many others have never yet paid any Sum 
into the Treasury, and from whom said Committee apprehended 
there is considerable due, they further report as their Opinion that 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1754. 257 

the best Method, the Town can take to Obtain what is due to them, 
is to direct the Treasurer of the Town to Prosecute such Justices 
as are living, and the Heirs Excors or Admors of such as are 
Deced in the manner the Law directs at the next Inferiour Court 
to be held for this County, in case they don't by the tenth of June 
next, render a legal Acco'. to him and pay the Sums that shall 
thereupon appear to be respectively due from them to the Town, 
which Report being Read and Debated, Voted, that the same be 
Accepted with the following Amendment, Viz 1 . That the Treasurer 
be directed to wait, on such Justices of the Town as are living, 
and the Heirs Excors or Admors of such as are Deced, and 
require of them an Acco'. of the Fines they have not paid, and 
those that do not render to him a legal Acco 1 . and pay the Fines 
thereon due, to the Town by said tenth of June, said Treasurer is 
hereby directed to prosecute in the Law for the same, at the 
Inferiour Court of Common pleas to be held at Boston in July 
next. 

M r . Nathaniel Barber was chose an Assessor in the room of M r . 
John "Winslow, chose in March last, who is Excused. 

M r . Henry Allen was chose Surveyor of Boards, in the room of 
M . Benjamin Russell, chose in March last, and Excus'd. 

The Petition of James Allen Esq r . and M r . Andrew Oliver jun r . 
praying a Road may be laid out adjoining to their Lands in the 
Common, was read, and after a short Debate thereon. 

Voted that said Petition be Dismissed. 

[348.] The Petition of a great Number of Inhabitants living 
at the Southerly part of the Town, setting forth, that the two 
Southerly burying places in the Town, are, and for many years 
past, have been so crowded with Dead bodies, that it is scarcely 
possible for the Sextons to dig a Grave as it ought to be Dug, but 
what they must necessarily disturb the Ashes of two or three or 
more, and it is very often the Case that fresh Corps are dug up, 
that have not been long interr'd, which sight is scarcely decent, 
And forasmuch also as many of the Inhabitants of the South end 
have a great way to carry their Dead, which renders it very incon- 
venient &c. said Petitioners pray that the Town will be pleased to 
take the Affair into their Consideration, and appoint a meet num- 
ber of Persons to fix upon a suitable place for a Burying place at 
the South End, and make return of their doings therein as soon as 
may be, or otherwise as the Town may think most convenient, by 
which many difficulties and Inconveniences may be avoided, said 
Petition was Read, and thereupon 

It was Voted that Thomas Hancock & Thomas Greene Esq. 
M r . Jacob Parker, John Hill and John Phillips Esq. be and they 
hereby are appointed a Committee to Consider of said Petition, 
and view such places at the South part of the Town, as they shall 
judge best for a Burial place there, and Report their Opinion of 
the same to the Town as soon as may be. 

The Petition of Thomas Pearson pra}dng an Allowance may be 
made him for his House blown up, to stop the great Fire that 
happen'd in the Year 1690, was read and Voted that the same be 
dismiss'd. 



258 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

The Petition of James Fairservice relating to the Sweeping of 
Chimmes, was Read 

Voted that the same be dismiss'd. 

Voted, that the Gentlemen the Representatives of the Town be 
and hereby are desired at the next Session of the General Court, 
to move that they ma}" have liberty to bring in a Bill, that some 
Method be taken so far as may be to prevent the frequent Firing 
of Chimnies. 

[349.] Voted, that the Gentlemen the Representatives of the 
Town be and hereby they are desired to Use their utmost Endeav- 
ours and Influence in the General Court, to prevent a Bill now de- 
pending there, for granting certain Liberties and Immunities to the 
Company of Cadets, under the Command of Col. Pollard, being 
pass'd into a Law. 

Voted, A Grant of Three Thousand Pounds lawful money, be 
rais'd by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within the Town of Boston, 
for Relief of the Poor, and clefreying other necessary Charges 
arising within the Town the year ensuing. 

Voted, That Charles Apthorp, Thomas Hancock, Samuel Welles 
Thomas Greene and John Erving Esq r . M r . William Cooper and 
D r . William Clarke, be and they hereby are appointed a Commit- 
tee to Consider of some Method of lessening the Publick Taxes of 
the Town, and particularly the Charge of the Poor at the Alms- 
bouse, which the Committee are desired fully to Enquire into, as 
also whether there can be some easier Method found for raising 
the Moneys necessary for paying the Publick Charges, than by the 
common way of Taxing the People. 

Voted, that the Gentlemen the Representatives of the Town be 
and hereby are desired to move to the General Court at their next 
Sessions, that a general Valuation of Estates in the Province may 
be taken this year, and that they Urge that the Inhabitants of this 
Town, ma)- be allowed to bring in a Valuation of their Estates in 
the same manner as the Inhabitants of other Towns do. 

The Petition of Gilbert and Lewis Deblois was read, Setting 
forth, that the Petitioners about two or three years since Purchased 
a Peice of Laud in Boston bounded on One side on Hanover 
Street, and on another on Queen Street, that they have since 
Erected a Brick Dwelling house on said Land, & finding 
the Streets there to be very narrow, they took out of their own 
Land about Three feet in Wedth, and about Sixty nine feet in 
length and added it to Hanover Street, so that two Carts or Car- 
riages may now pass with safety, that Queen Street where the 
Petitioners House stands is very narrow, and two Carts can't pass 
at the same time without great danger, that there are several 
Shops or Buildings [35O.] Belonging to the Town that are 
the other side of said Street, and now very much out of repair, 
and as the} 7 must soon be repaired, the Petitioners would be very 
glad if the Town would then take off such a part thereof as may 
be judged necessary for Widening said Street, which the Peti- 
tioners apprehended would save some Expence in the repairs, 
and make the Shops so much more convenient, as they will fetch 
equal Rent to what they now do, they being now very deep and 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1754. 259 

dark, but if the Town should not incline to repair said Buildings, 
and make this Addition to the Street, which the Petitioners can't 
but think they will, considering what they have already done 
for Widening Hanover Street, the Petitioners proposed that 
the Town would grant to them a Lease for Twenty or Thirty years 
of the Lands and Shops belonging to the Town there, upon such 
terms as shall be agreed upon by a Committee chose by the Town, 
and the Petitioners they having the liberty in repairing to make 
such Alterations in said Shops as they and said Committee shall 
judge to be best both for Widening said Street and the Conven- 
ience of the Shops, and as this must be a manifest advantage to 
the Town, the Petitioners prayed the same might be now taken 

into Consideration and Acted upon accordingly and after 

some Debate thereon It was Voted that the Selectmen be and they 
hereby are appointed a Committee to Consider of this Petition, and 
Report as soon as may be, what they apprehend it best for the 
Town to do thereon. 

Voted, that the Sum of One Hundred & twenty Pounds lawful 
money be Allowed and paid unto M r . Peleg Wiswall for his Salary 
as Master of the North Grammar School for the ensuing year, 
the same to be paid him quarterly, and to Commence at the Ex- 
piration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One Hundred & twenty Pounds lawful 
money, be Allowed and paid unto M r . John Lovell for his Salary 
as Master of the South Grammar School for the ensuing year, the 
same to be paid him quarterly, and to Commence at the Expi- 
ration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One Hundred Pounds lawful [351.] 
Money be Allowed and paid unto M r . Abia Holbrook Master of 
the Writing School in the Common for the ensuing year, to be 
paid him quarterly and to Commence at the Expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One Hundred Pounds lawful money be 
Allowed and paid unto M r . Zechariah Hicks, Master of the North 
Writing School for the ensuing year, to be paid quarterly and to 
Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Eighty Pounds lawful money be Allowed 
to M r . Samuel Holyoke Master of the Writing School in Queen 
Street for the ensuing year, to be paid him quarterly, and to Com- 
mence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Fifty Pounds lawful money be Allowed 
to M r . Nathaniel Gardner Usher of the South Grammar School for 
the ensuing year, to be paid him quarterly, and to Commence at 
the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Seventy Pounds lawful money be Allowed 
to M r . Samuel Holbrook as One of the Masters of the Writing 
School in Queen Street for the ensuing year, to be paid him quar- 
terly, as it shall become due. 

Voted that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be Allowed to M r . John 
Procter jun r . as Usher of the North Writing School for the ensuing 
year, to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due. 

Voted that the Sum of Thirty four Pounds lawful money be 



260 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Allowed to M r . Abia Holbrook Master of the South Writing 
School in the Common for such Usher as he shall Employ in said 
School. 

Voted that the Sum of One Hundred Pounds lawful money be 
Allowed to M r . David Jeffries for his Services as Treasurer of 
the Town for the year past, and for all his Expences in that 
Office. 

Voted that the Sum of Twenty Pounds lawful money be Allowed 
to M r . Abijah Adams, for his Services as Clerk of Faneuil Hall 
Market, the year past. 

Voted unanimously, that the Thanks of the To^n be and hereby 
is given to the Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq r . Moderator of this 
Meeting for transacting the Business thereof. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

[352.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warn'd in Pub- 
lick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 7 th . 
day of August A.D. 1754. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting, Read. 

The Hon ble . James Allen Esq r . was chose Moderator by a handy 
Vote. 

That Article in the Warrant, Viz 4 . " To know the minds of the 
Inhabitants with regard to a Bill now depeuding in the General 
Court laying an Excise on the private Consumption of Wines and 
Spirits distuTd," was taken into Consideration, and the Abstract of 
said Bill, and Governour Shirley s Speech relating to it, being 
read a long Debate thereon was had, and it was unanimously 
Voted 

1 st . That it is the sense of the Town that, that part of the Excise 
Bill contain'd in the Abstract now read, is contrary to those Prin- 
ciples upon which Our happy Constitution is founded, as well as 
destructive of those Priviledges which it Warrants and Defends, 
that it is Vexatious and Oppressive and tends to Weaken the just 
Authority of an Oath, and to prejudice the Morals of the Com- 
munity. 

2 ly . Voted unanimously that Thanks be returned to His Excel- 
lency the Governour, for his Paternal Goodness and wise Conduct 
in relation to said Bill, & that his Excellency be requested still to 
continue his Care for Us in this respect. 

3 ly . Voted unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and 
hereby is given to the Gentlemen the Representatives of the Town 
for the strenuous Opposition they made to said Bill, and that they 
be desired still to Use their utmost Endeavours to prevent said Bills 
being pass'd into a Law. 

Thomas Hancock Esq r . Informed the Town, that a considerable 
number of Gentlemen, Merchants and others Inhabitants of this 
Town waited upon His Excellency Governour Shirley in December 
1745, with their Address of Congratulation to him upon his safe 
Arrival from Louisbourg [353.] And requested of him to permit 
'em to have his Picture drawn at their Expence, with a design of 
preserving it in this Town as a Memorial of his Excellency s publick 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1754. 261 

Services ; which mark of their respect his Excellency wns pleas'd 
to Accept ; And as His Excellency among other Instances of his 
Paternal Care of the People of this Province, hath lately given a 
most signal proof of his tender regard for their Civil rights by 
interfering in favour of them, on Occasion of the Bill of Excise 
pass'd by both Houses of the Great and General Court in June 
last, and of his Vigilance and unwearied Attention for securing 
the Province against the repeated Ravages of the Eastern Indians, 
and Incroachmeuts of the French in his late Successful Expedition 
for that purpose into the Eastern parts, The said Gentlemen and 
Merchants now offer to make the Town a present of the said 

Picture to be hung up in Faneuil Hall. It was thereupon 

unanimously. 

Voted that the aforesaid Offer be Accepted, and that His Excel- 
lencys said Picture be hung up in Faneuil Hall as a Memorial of 
Publick Respect and Gratitude to him for his aforesaid Services. 

Also Voted unanimously, that the Thtmks of the Town be and 
hereby is given to those Gentlemen and Merchants who were at 
the Expence of having his Excellency Governour Shirleys Picture 
drawn, now Ordered to be hung up in Faneuil Hall. 

Voted unanimously that an Address of Thanks be presented to 
his Excellency the Governour upon his return from the Eastern 
parts of the Province, and that the Selectmen be a Committee to 
prepaie an Address accordingly, and lay it before the Town at the 
Adjournment of this Meeting. 

The Affair of appointing a Master for the Writing School in 
Queen Street, in the room of M r . Samuel Holbrook who has 

resign'd, was taken into Consideration and Voted that the 

Selectmen have the Appointment of a Master for said School for 
the remaining part of the present year. 

Voted that the Sum of Twenty Shillings be Allowed and paid 
out of the Treasury to M r . Samuel Holbrook for Supplying the 
Scholars with Ink during the Time he was Master of the School in 
Queen Street. 

[354.] Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesday the 
17."'. of September next, at Nine o'Clock in the forenoon, and the 
same wns Adjourn'd accordingly. 

September 17. 1754. The Inhabitants met according to Adjourn- 
ment. 

The Selectmen appointed a Committee the 15 th . of May last on 
the Petition of Gilbert and Lewis Deblois, now reported that they 
had Viewed the Street mentioned in said Tctition and the Towns 
Shops there and conferr'd several times with the Petitioner, and 
judge that it will not be for the Interest of the Town to grant a 
Lease for any term of said Shops, but thick it best, that the Street 
there should be Widened by taking off about three feet of the 
Shops, but as the Expeuce of doing it, will Amount to about 
Twenty Pounds more than repairing them as they now stand, over 
and above the loss of part of the Towns Shop in M r . Tuckermans 
Possession, in the length of it, they leave it to the Town to Act 
therein, as they shall apprehend best, which Report being read, 
M r . Gilbert Deblois One of the Petitioners desired to be heard 



262 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

thereupon, and he being accordingly heard, a debate ensued there- 
upon, & afterwards said Gilbert Deblois made the following Pro- 
posal to the Town Viz 1 . That if the the Town will take off about 
three feet from said Shops in order to Widen said Street, as it will 
for the future better Accommodate his House, the Petitioners will 
in Consideration thereof give to the Town Thirteen Pounds Six 
Shillings & Eight pence lawful money. Whereupon It was 

Voted that upon said Petitioners paying that Sum the said 
Street be Widen'd, by taking off about three feet from said Shops, 
which three feet is forever hereafter to remain open and part of 
said Street. 

The Committee appointed the 15 th . of May last, on the Petition 
of sundry Inhabitants living at the South part of the Town for a 
Burying place there, Reported that they had Viewed several places 
at the South part of the Town in order to have a Burial place there, 
and find the most suitable and Commodious to be that part of the 
late Col. Fitch's Pasture at the bottom of the Common that now 
belongs to M r . Andrew Oliver jun r . and upon Conferring [355.] 
With him, the Committee find, that to Accommodate the Town he 
will Consent to dispose of it, on such terms as shall be Agreed 
upon, between him and the Town, said Report being Read, 

It was Voted that the Same be Accepted, and said Committee 
are desired and Impowered to Treat with M r . Oliver relating to the 
Price of Said Land, and to Report the same to the Town, as soon as 
may be, for their Confirmation. 

The Selectmen appointed a Committee the 7 th . of August last, 
to prepare an Address of Thanks to his Excellency Goveruour 
Shirley, now Reported a Draft of the same, which was Read, and 
is as follows. Viz 1 . 

To 1 1 is Excellency William Shirley Esq r . Captain General 
Governour and Commander in Chief in and over His Majesty's 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England. 

The humble Address of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of 
the Town of Boston. 
May it please your Excellency, 

His Majesty's most Loyal & Dutiful Subjects the Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston in General Town Meeting Assembled, beg 
leave to Express their sincere Joy at your Excellency's safe and 
happy Arrival from the Eastward. 

We Congratulate your Excellency upon the Success with which 
the Execution of that Plan which you have laid to Attach the 
Indians in those parts to His Majesty's Interest, and to prevent 
the Encroachments of the French has been hitherto attended. 

Your Excellency's late seasonable Interposition in favour of the 
Natural Rights of Englishmen, so greatly, tho' We trust not wil- 
fully, affected by the late Excise Bill, affords us the most convincing 
proofs of the Rectitude of your Excellency's Sentiments and the 
Affection of your Patriot heart for that Constitution, which sweet- 
ens, improves and Exalts every other blessing of Life. 

We cannot feel the decay of Our Commerce, and the many 
Burdens which this Town labour under, without the most Melan- 
cholly Impressions, but these admit of some Alleviations from your 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1754. 203 

Excellency's wise and vigorous Endeavours to preserve Our dearer 
Liberties neither is it in Our power to relish that Relief with 
regard to the former which must necessarily grow out of [356.] 
Those Methods which tend to destroy the Latter. 

We would hope that the Honourable Court may upon mature 
Consideration find reason to alter their Judgment respecting this 
Affair, which if they should renew and insist upon, We humbly 
apprehend will be attended with the most Mischievous Con- 
sequences, unless your Excellency should finally refuse your Sanc- 
tion to it. 

The Noble Pattern your Excellency has in this Affair held up to 
Our view, highten'd by your Situation in Government and Aug- 
mented by your Connection with the Prerogative, convinces us of 
the tender regard you have for the Liberties of this People, and 
will not we hope be ever forgotten, 

And as this particular Instance of your Excellency's Goodness 
added to Our past Experience of your known Abilities has in- 
creas'd Our Confidence in your Administration, it shall be Our 
study to Afford your Excellency all those Demonstrations of Duty 
and Affection, which Truth and Justice require, and your Excel- 
lency's wise & good Conduct will, we doubt not, Secure and Per- 
petuate. 
Boston Sepf. 17 th . 1754. 

And thereupon. 

It was unanimously Voted that the same be Accepted, and that 
a fair Copy thereof, be prepared and Signed by the Town Clerk 
and that the Hon ble . James Allen Esq r . the Moderator of this Meet- 
ing, and the Gentlemen the Selectmen be and they hereby are 
appointed a Committee to wait upon His Excellency, and in the 
xs'ame of the Town, Present the same to him. 

Voted that all Matters and Things that remain unfinished be 
refer' d over to the next Town Meeting, to be then Considered of 
and Acted upon. 

Then the Meeting was Dismissed. 

[357.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally qualified and Warned in Pub- 
lick Town Meeting Assembled, at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 
17 th . day of September, A.D. 1754. 

The Warrant for callii g the Meeting, Read. 

The Hon hle . James Allen Esq r . was chose Moderator. 

The Article in the Warrant for which this Meeting was called 
Viz 1 . " To Determine whether the Town will take upon them the 
Defence of a Suit brought against the Assessors by Andrew Oliver 
Esq r . and M r . William Phillips, and also any other Suits that may 

be brought against them of the like nature," was taken into 

Consideration, and after some Debate thereon 

It was Voted that the Town will Defend them in the Suit afore- 
said, and all other Suits that shall hereafter be brought against 
them of the like nature. 

Voted that this Meeting be and hereby is Adjourn'd to Friday 
the 11 th . of October next, at nine o'Clock in the forenoon. 



264 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Friday the 11 th . of October, the Town met according to Ad- 
journment. 

The Committee appointed the 1 7 th . of September last, to present 
the Address of Thanks to his Excellency the Governour, Reported 
that they had done the same, and that his Excellency was pleas'd 
to give them the following Answer, Viz*. 
Gentlemen, 

I Thank you for this Address ; The sense which you there 
Express of my Attention to His Majesty's Service, and the pres- 
ervation of the rights and liberties of his People within this Gov- 
ernment, give me a solid Satisfaction ; nor can I pass over in 
Silence your late Vote for placing my Picture in Faneuil Hall, 
with which your Selectmen acquainted me, without Acknowledging 
the pleasure, I feel from that publick mark of your respect for me. 

Whenever it may be in my power to contribute towards reviving 
the decay'd Trade, and easing the Burthens of this Town, which 
you mention in your Address, I shall gladly [358.] Embrace the 
Opportunity, and you may be assur'd, that my Duty to the King, 
and the Welfare of his good People within this Province shall ever 
be the Rule of my Administration. 

W. SHIRLEY. 

To the Freeholders & other Inhabitants, 
of the Town of Boston in General Town 
Meeting Assembled. 

Province-house 

SepF. 19 th . 1754. 

Voted that His Excellency's Answer be Euter'd upon the Records 
of the Town. 

The Committee appointed the 17 th . of September last to Confer 
with M r . Andrew Oliver jun r . relating to the Purchase Considera- 
tion of a Peice of Land belonging to him at the bottom of the 
Common for a Burial place Reported, that M r .Oliver was willing 
to Sell the same to the Town for Two Hundred Pounds lawful 
money, which Sum said Committee apprehend to be a very reason- 
able price, which being read It was Voted that the same be 

Accepted also Voted that upon said Andrew Olivers Executing 

a good and legal Deed of said Lands to the lown, the Selectmen 
be and hereby are directed to give M r . Oliver a Draft on the 
Treasury for the Sum of Two Hundred Pounds lawful money, and 
in case it should so happen that the Treasurer cannot Discharge 
said Draft in three months, that he then be find hereby is Impow- 
ered to take up, on Interest s:iid Sum, or such part thereof as he 
shall want, and pay the same to M r . Oliver for said Lands accord- 
ingly. 

Voted that all Matters and Affairs that remain unfinished be 
and hereby are refer'd over to the next Town Meeting for Con- 
sideration. 

Then the Meeting was Dismissed. 

[359.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, legally qualified and warned in Publick 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1755. 265 

Town Meeting Assembled, at Faneuil Hall, on Friday the third 
day of January &.D. 1755. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

John Phillips Esq r . was chose Moderator of this Meeting by a 
written Vote. 

The Petition of a great Number of Inhabitants for calling this 
Meeting was Read. 

The Act of the Province lately pass'd, Entitled An Act for 
granting unto his Majesty an Excise upon Spirits distill'd, and 
Wines, and upon Limes Lemmons and Oranges was read. 

The Town proceeded to take into Consideration the Article in 
the Warrant for calling this Meeting, Viz'. "To Consider and 
Determine what may be proper for the Town to do, in relation to 
An Act lately pass'd the General Court, Entitled An Act for grant- 
ing unto his Majesty an Excise upon Spirits distill'd, and Wines, 
and upon Limes Lemmons &. Oranges." and after some Debate 
thereon, It was unanimously 

Voted that the Town will make Application at Home in order to 
prevent said Acts obtaining the Royal Assent. 

And then It was Voted that an Agent be chose by the Town to 
appear in their behalf at Home, in order to prevent said Acts ob- 
taining the Royal Assent. 

Voted unanimously, that Christopher Kilby of London Esq r . be 
and hereby is appointed Agent for the Town, and he is hereby 
fully Authorized and Impowered to appear on behalf of the Town, 
and to Use his utmost Endeavours to prevent said Acts obtaining 

the Royal Assent Also Voted unanimously that the said 

Christopher Kilby Esq r . be and hereby is appointed Agent for the 
Town in any other Matters and Affairs that the Town are con- 
cerned in, or may hereafter have depending in London, said Agent 
to Conduct himself according to such directions and Instructions 
as he may from time to time receive from the Town relating to 
said Affairs. 

[36O.] Voted that John Phillips Esq r . the Moderator of this 
Meeting, the Gentlemen the Selectmen, Charles Apthorp Richard 
Dana and Thomas Greene Esq r . M r . William Cooper M r . Royal 
Tyler and M r . Isaac Walker be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee forthwith to forward the Letter now read to M r . Agent 
Kilby, and to make such further Additions thereto as they may 
judge proper. Also Voted that said Committee transmit to the 
Agent, Governour Shirleys Speech made by him the 1 7 th . of June 
last, relating to said Act, and such other Papers as they shall judge 
requisite. 

Voted that Christopher Kilby Esq r . be paid all such Expence 
and Charge, as he shall be at from time to time, in transact- 
ing the Affairs of the Town as their Agent, and that he also have 
an honourable Allowance made him for his Care and Trouble. 

Voted that the Committee aforesaid be and they hereby are 
desired to Apply to the Clerk of the House of Representatives for 
the Copy of a Letter by them Wrote to M r . Agent Bollan relating 
to the Act aforesaid. 

Voted that if any of the Towns in the Province shall desire a 



266 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Copy of the Votes now pass'cl, and of the proceedings of this Meet- 
ing, it be given to them. 

Voted that all Matters that remain unfinish'd be refer'd to the 
next Town Meeting, to be then Acted upon. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, legally qualified and warned in Publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Friday the 17 th . day of 
January A.D. 1755. 

The Precept and Warrant for calling this Meeting, Read. 

Voted that the Town will proceed to the Choice of some suitable 
Person to Represent them in the General Court, in the room of 
the late Hon ble . James Allen Esq r . Deced . 

[361.] The Selectmen having declared to the Inhabitants 
that the Poll would be clos'd at twelve o'Clock The Inhabi- 
tants withdrew and brought in their Votes for a Representative, 
and upon sorting 'em it appeared there was in all 523 Voters, and 
that M r . John Tyng had 347 Votes, Whereupon it was declared 
by the Selectmen that said John Tyng was duly Elected. 

The Town then chose John Phillips Esq r . for the Moderator of 
this Meeting. 

The Town then proceeded to take into Consideration that 
Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . " To Determine what Instructions the 
Town will give to their Representatives respecting a general Plan 
for Uniting the several Governments on the Continent, now under 

the Consideration of of the General Court." And an Extract 

of said Plan as agreed upon by the Commissioners of the several 
Governments on the Continent at Albany in June last, and a Re- 
port of the Committee of the General Court of this Province, being 
Read, and a long Debate had thereupon, 

It was Voted that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to half an hour 
after two o'clock this Afternoon, and that this Affair be then 
further Debated and Considered of, and the Meeting was Adjourn'd 
to that time accordingly. 

Afternoon, The Town met according to Adjournment. 

The Debate in the forenoon relating to the Union was resum'd 
and the Extract of the Plan aforesaid, and said Report of the 
Committee was read, and after a very long Debate 

It was Voted that the Gentlemen the Representatives of the 
Town be and hereby are Instructed to Use their utmost Endeav- 
ours to prevent the Plan now under Consideration of the General 
Court for an Union of the several Governments on the Continent 

taking Effect, And that they also Oppose any other Plan for 

an Union that may come under the Consideration of said General 
Court, whereby they shall Apprehend the Liberties and Priviledges 
of the People are Endangered. 

Voted that all Matters refer'd over to this Meeting that remain 
unfinish'd, be further refer'd to the next Town Meeting, to be then 
Acted upon. 

Thanks were Voted the Moderator. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1755. 267 

[361^.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified & warned in Public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the tenth 
day of March A.D. 1755. 

Prayer was made by the Reverend M r . Ebenezer Pemberton 
The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 
Sundry Laws Read. 

The Town proceeded to the choice of a Moderator by a written 
Vote and the Votes being brought in and sorted it appear'd that 
the Hon ble . Thomas Ilubbard Esq r . was unanimously chose, and he 
accordingly took the Oath Required by the Act of the 27 th . Year 
of His present Majesty relating to receiving & paying Bills of the 
other Governments. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait was chose unanimously Town Clerk for the 
Year ensuing and having taken the Oath required by the Act of 
the 27 th . Year of His present Majesty's Reign relating to receiving 
and paying Bills of Credit of the other Governments, took the 
Oath of Office which was administred to him by Joshua Winslow 
Esquire. 

The Petitions were Read. 

Voted that the Town proceed to the Choice of seven Selectmen 
and the Votes being brought in and sorted it appeared that. 
M r . Samuel Grant 
M r . Thomas Hill 
Joshua Henshaw Esq r . 
Cap 4 . Joseph Jackson 
M r . Thomas Gushing 
Cap 4 . Samuel Hewes 
M r . John Scollay 
were chose unanimously. 

[362.] Voted that the Town proceed to the Choice of twelve 
Constables distinct from the Collectors of Taxes. 

Voted that not more that two Constables that served the last 
Year should be now chose for the ensuing Year. 

Voted that any Person that shall be chose into the Office of a 
Constable for the Year ensuing be excused from serving in that 
Office provided he pay into the Town Treasury Four Pounds 
lawful money. 

David Jeffries was chose Treasurer for the ensuing Year and 
having taken the Oath Required by the 27 th . of his present Majesty 
relating to his receiving and paying Bills of the other Govern- 
ments, took the Oath of Office for the faithful discharge of his 
Duty, which were administred to him by Jacob Wendell Esq r . 
Mess". Thomas Child Refuses to serve. 

Alexander Cunningham Excused 

James Boies Sworn 

Andrew Campbell . . . Sworn 
Joseph Calef jun r . . . . Excused 
Thomas Carnes .... Excused 

John Pigeon Pay 

William Thompson . . . Excused 
Ebenezer Lowell Sen r . . Pay 



268 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

John Pattin Sworn 

Thomas Pemberton . . Excused 
Conuelius Durant . . . Excused 
were chose Constables 

The Honble Jacob Wendell Esq : 
John Hill Esq : 

The Honble Thomas Hubbard Esq : 
Daniel Henchman Esq : 
The Honble Andrew Oliver Esq r . 
M r . Edward Bromfleld 
John Phillips Esq : 
M r . Isaac Walker 

[362^.] Cap'. Ebenezer Storer 

M r . Joseph Sherburne 
Cap'. Nathaniel Greenwood 
M r . Royall Tyler 
were chose Overseers for the Year ensuing. 

Voted that the thanks of Town be and hereby is given unto 
M r . John Barrett and M r . John Tudor for their good Overseers as 
Overseers of the Poor for several Year past. 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a County 
Treasurer, and they being Collected were Sealed up by a Consta- 
ble Boyes to be by him kept and returned to the Court of General 
Sessions in April next. 

Mess". James Bailey Sworn 

Michael Burn Excused 

Augustus Hail Sworn 

John Wells Sworn 

Samuel Smith Sworn 

Samuel Barret Excused 

were chose Constables. 

Mess. William Fairfeild 
Nathaniel Barber 
John Kneeland 
Peter Oliver 
Samuel Edwards 
Benjamin Church 
Isaac White 
were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing. 

Voted that the Town proceed to the Choice of twelve Firewards 
for the Year ensuing and the Votes being Collected and sorted it 
appeared that the following Persons were chose Viz'. 
John Phillips Esq r : 
John Hill Esq r : 
Cap*. Joseph Jackson 
[363.] M r . John Scollay 

Maj p : Nath 1 Thwing 

Cap'. Hopestill Foster 

M r . Royall Tyler 

Cap'. Thomas James Gruchy 

M r . Newman Greennough 

M r . Joseph Jackson Truckman 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1755. 269 

M r . John Howe 
M r . William Cooper 

Voted that this Meeting be and hereby adjourned to three 
o'Clock this afternoon. 

Three o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

John Gray. Surveyor of Hemp. 
Mess. Robert Ford 

Clement Collins 

John Grant 

Isaac Vergoose 

William Pain 

Isaac White 

William Nichols 

Joseph Butler 

Andrew Symmes 

Onesyphirus Tilestone 

Moses Eayres 

Henry Alline 

[In margin] Surveyors of Boards & O. 
Mess". David Spear 

Isaac Fowle 

Joseph Dyer 

John Helyer 

Peter Cotta 

Edward Potter 

Robert Treat 

Edward Co well 
[363.] John Hobbs 

Samuel Treat 

[In margin] Cullers of Staves & C*. 
Mess. Holmes Simpson 

John Aish 

Abraham Rogers 

David Scudder 
[In margin] Hogreeves. 
Mess. Belcher Noyes 

John Forsyth 

Jacob Holyoke 

Nathan Simpson 

John Billings 

Thomas Dawes 

Thomas Wheeler 

After Stoddard 

Alexander Hill 

Benjamin Fitch 

Daniel Jones 

Benjamin Harrod 
[In margin] Scavingers. 

Mess. John Coverly Sworn 

Abijah Adams Sworn 

Joseph Gandall Excused 

Samuel Harris Sworn 

[In margin] Constables. 



270 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Mess- Story Dawes 
Caleb Ray 
William Moore 
Benjamin Russell 
Henry Evans 
Nathaniel Wales 
[In margin] Fence Viewers 
Mess". Thomas Hase 
John Carter 
Samuel Hastings 
[In margin] Sealers of Leather. 
Mess. Nathaniel Gardner 

Joseph Belknap 

[In margin] Informers of Deer. 
[364.] M r . Joseph Curtis 

[In margin] Hay ward. 
Surveyors of Highways. [In margin] 
The Selectmen 
Mesa. David Cutler 

Thomas Foster 
[In margin] Assaymasters. 

The Selectmen's Report on the Account of M r . John Fen no 
keeper of the Granary for the Year past as entred in his Book 
(and on file in the Town Clerk's Office) Read & Voted that the 
same be accepted and accordingly that M r . Fenno be further ac- 
countable to the Town for 224 Bushells of Corn ahd 12 Bushells 
of Rye remaining unsold amounting to twenty two pounds fifteen 
shillings and eight pence three farthings, and also for the Sum of 
Three Hundred and fifty eight Pounds eleven shillings and five pence 
one farthing Cash, amounting in the whole to three hundred & eighty 
one pounds seven shillings and two pence exclusive of the Sum of 
of twenty six thirteen shillings and four pence for his Salary and 
Assistance as charged in said Account which is hereby allowed him. 
Thomas Greene Esq r . Cap 1 . Joseph Jackson, & M r . John Scollay 
were chose purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing. The said 
Committee are desired and impowred to give all needful directions 
to the keeper of the Granary respecting the Quantities of Grain to 
be sold, & settling the Price thereof from time to time as occasion 
may Require. 

Mess. Cornelius Thayer 
John Deming 
John Winslow, Hatter 
Daniel Boyer 
Samuel Austin 
Samuel Dexter 
Moses Peck 
Joseph Waldo 
Joseph Winslow 
Samuel Downes 
Daniel Eveleth 
William Gray 
[In margin] Clerks of the Market. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1755. 271 

[364 J.] Nothing done thereon. Tythingmen. [In margin] 

Voted that the Sum of Twenty pounds lawful money be allowed 
and paid out of the Treasury unto Cap'. Isaac Dupee for his 
Services as Clerk fo Faneuil Hall Markett for the Year past. 

Cap'. Isaac Dupee. Clerk of Faneuil Hall Markett. [In margin] 

Mess. Peter Barker Excused 

Thomas Barker .... Pay 

Mess. Isaiah Barret Sworn 

Joseph Shed Sworn 

[In margin] Constables. 

Voted that the Sum of twelve pence on the pound be & hereby is 
allowed to be paid to such persons as shall be chose Collectors of 
Taxes for the Year ensuing for all such Sums as they shall Collect, 
provided they pay into the Town Treasury one half part of the 
whole Sum they are obliged to him within four months from the 
time they receive the Tax Books from the Assessors, and the other 
half part in three months after and also pay into the province and 
County Treasury one half part of the whole Sums they shall be 
obliged to pay them Respectively in seven months from the time 
they shall receive the Tax books from the Assessors, as aforesaid 
& the other half part in five months after, and in case either of 
said Collectors shall fail paying in manner as aforementioned, the 
Collector so failing shall not be intitled to the aforesaid Allowance 
of twelve pence on the Pound but wholly forfeit the same pro- 
vided also that each of said Collectors give Bond with sufficient 
Surety's to the satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faithful dis- 
charge of their Duty in said Office, and complying with this 
Vote. 

Mess. John Ruddock 
James Scutt 
Thomas Downes jun*. 
Jonathan Payson 
[In margin] Collectors of Taxes. 

Voted that M r . Tyng M r . Oxenbridge Thacher & Thomas 
Greene [365.] Esq r . be and they hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to revive all the By Laws of the Town now in force, and 
alter and correct the same as they shall think proper, they are also 
desired to prepare any other By Laws that they shall judge neces- 
sary for the better Regulation of the Town, and they are desired 
to report their doings thereon to the. Town as soon as may be. 

Voted that the Selectmen be and they hereby are desired to Ex- 
amine the Powder belonging to the Town, and all such as they 
shall find damaged they are directed to cure or dispose of it. 

Voted that the Assessors be and they hereby are impowred to 
make an Abatement of Taxes to the first day of April next and no 
longer, saving that they have liberty to sit the two last weeks in 
November next, to abate the Taxes of all such persons as shall 
appear to them to have dyed, or been out of Town, & could not 
have made Application to them before said first day of April. 

Also Voted that the Assessors have liberty to sit in said two 
weeks in November to Abate the Taxes of all such persons as 
shall appear to them to have become Bankrupts between said first 



272 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

day of April, & said time of sitting, & which the Collectors have 
endeavored to have got in, but could not. 

The Petition of several Bellringers of the Town praying that an 
Addition be made to their Allowance for ringing the Bells, Read 
and thereupon Voted that the Sum of forty shillings p Annum be 
allowed them in the whole for each time said Bells shall be rung. 

The Petition of Hopestill Foster praying that the Taxes of 
William Pitman, Elias Delarue, & Peter Oliver who were taxed in 
the Year 1752 may be abated him for reasons therein mentioned, 
was read, and said Foster was heard thereupon, Voted that the 
Taxes of said persons amounting in the whole to eleven pounds 
five shillings & eleven pence be abated and the Selectmen are 
hereby directed to give said Foster a Draft for the same on the 
Town Treasury accordingly. 

Voted that the matters and things that now remain [365 .] 
unfinished be referred over to the next General Town Meeting for 
Consideration, to be then Acted upon. 

Voted Unanimously thanks of the Town be & hereby is given 
unto the Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq r . the Moderator of this 
meeting, for transacting the Business thereof. 

Then the meeting was Dismissed. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualifyed and warn'd in Publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Friday the sixteenth day of 
May A D 1755. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Andrew Eliot. 

The Precept & Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

M r . Samuel Grant one of the Selectmen proposed in their Names 
to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the Choice of one or 
more Persons to represent them in the Great and General Court 
or Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday the twenty 
eighth Day of May current, and in order thereto to consider and 
ascertain the Number of Gentlemen to be elected, accordingly it 
was Voted to proceed to the Choice of four Representatives, and 
it was then declared that the Poll would be clos'd at twelve 
o'Clock. 

The Votes being Collected, the Number of Voters were found to 
be 492 and upon sorting them it appeared that the following 
Gentlemen were chose Viz'. 

Thomas Hubbard Esq r . . . . 373. 

M r . John Tyng 367 

James Bowdoin Esq r 411 

M r . William Cooper .... 259 

[366,] The Election of Representatives being over & the 
same declared by the Selectmen. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Mod- 
erator, and upon sorting 'em, it appeared that the honourable 
Thomas Hnbbard Esq r . was chose by a great Majority. 

Sundry Petitions Read 

The Town proceeded to take into Consideration the Article in 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1755. 273 

the "Warrant Viz 1 , what Instructions shall be given to the Repre- 
sentatives relating to such Matters as may come under the Con- 
sideration of the General Court and after some Debate thereon 
Voted that. 

Richard Dana Esq r . 

M r . Samuel Grant 

Thomas Greene Esq : 

M r . Royal Tyler & 

M r . Oxenbriage Thacher 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to prepare a Draft 
of such Instructions as they shall judge necessary to be given to 
the Representatives for their Conduct relating to such Matters as 
may come under the Consideration of the General Court this Year 
and they are desired to report the same at the adjournment of this 
Meeting. 

The Petition for paving Long Lane was considered and after 
some debate thereon, a Question was put, Whether any part of 
said Lane shall be pav'd at the Expence of the Town, upon the 
Abutters paying such a part for paving the remaiuder as the Select- 
men shall determine, Voted iu the Negative, and thereupon said 
Petition was dismis'd. 

The Committee appointed the 12 th . March last to Audit the 
Accompts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries now Reported that they had 
attended that Service and found the same right cast'd & we'll 
vouch'd, in which he Charges himself with Sundry Fines Rents and 
other Incomes of the Town, as also with the Tax of 3000 com- 
mitted to the Collectors all which amounts [366^.] (including the 
Ballance of old Accompt) to 7078,, 5,, 4., And the said Treas- 
urer discharges himself b}- sundry Abatements made the Collectors, 
by Drafts made by the Selec'men amounting 2177,, 2,, 1,, 
and by Drafts made by the Overseers of the Poor which contain 
the Charges of the Almshouse & Workhouse amounting to 1454,, 
16,, 9^ &c. which we have inspected in a very particular man- 
ner by examining every particular Voucher produced 03- the Over- 
seers for the amount of that Sum, and every other Branch of the 
public Charge all amounting to 4254,, 1,, 2,, f by which it 
appears that when all the Taxes Rents & Incomes of the Town 
are in the ballauce will be 2824,, 4,, 1 which the said Treas- 
urer is further to Account for, as appears by the Tryal Ballance of 
said Account given iu by said Committee and on File which Report 
and Accompt being read, Voted that the same be Accepted. 

And Whereas it is represented by said Committee that there has 
been for several Years part small Sums of money due to the Town 
from Persons that are dead or become Bankrupts which have been 
bro't forward in the Treasurers Books for several Years, and that 
there is no prospect of ever getting any part of them, Therefore 
Voted that the Treasurer be and hereby is directed not to transt'crr 
such Accompts any farther but that he ballance the same. 

The Town took into Consideration the Petition of Jacob 
Wendell Esq r . praying the Town would make him a Grant of so 
much Lands in the rear of his Lands near Fort hill as may be 
judged adequate to the Lands he has given the Town for widening 



274 CITT DOCUMENT No. 170. 

the Street there, as in said Petition is sett forth, Voted the Select- 
men and John Steele Esq : and Jonathan Williams be & they 
hereby are appointed a Committee to consider of this Petition and 
also of the Reports made by Committees heretofore appointed by 
the Town relating to the Disputes the Town have had with the 
said Jacob Wendell Esq : concerning the Lands &c tt . near the 
South Battery and Report to the Town the Circumstances thereof 
and what they judge proper to be done thereupon, at the annual 
Meeting it March next. 

[367.] The Town considered the Petition of John Steele and 
Jeremiah Greene Esq. for repairing the North and South Batter- 
ies, and after some Debate thereon, Voted that the Selectmen be 
and they hereby are directed and impowered to make such Repairs 
at the North & South Batteries as they shall judge necessary not 
exceeding the Sum of Four hundred Pounds in doing the same. 

The Petition of sundry Inhabitants for paving the highway 
called Still house Square was Read & thereupon Voted, that the 
Sum of Twenty six Pounds thirteen shillings and four pence, be 
and hereby is granted towards paving said highway to be paid 
when the same is finish'd provided the same is pav'd from Bells 
Corner to Sigourney's Corner, & to the satisfaction of the Select- 
men And it is to be understood that notwithstanding this 

Grant, the Town do not accept the same as a publick highway and 
that they will not be at any future Expence for repairing the same. 

Voted a Grant of Four Thousand Pounds lawful money be 
rais'd by a Tax upon Polls & Estates within the Town of Boston 
for relief of the Poor and defreyiug other necessary Charges aris- 
ing within the Town the Year ensuing. 

Voted that the Sum of one hundred and twenty Pounds lawful 
money be allowed and paid unto M r . Peleg Wiswali for his Salary 
as Master of the North Grammar School for the ensuing Year, 
the same to be paid him quarterly, at to commence at the Expira- 
tion of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of one hundred and twenty Pounds lawful 
money be allowed and paid unto M r . John Lovell for his Salary 
as Master of the South Grammar School for the ensuing Year the 
same to be paid him quarterly, and to commence at the expiration 
of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sura of one hundred Pounds lawful money be 
allowed and paid unto M r . Abia Holbrook for his Salary as Master 
of the writing School in the Common the ensuing Year to be paid 
him Quarterly, & to commence at the Expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

[367.] Voted that the Sum of one hundred Pounds lawful 
money be allowed and paid unto M r . Zachariah Hicks for his Salary 
as Master of the North writing School the ensuing Year to be paid 
him Quarterly, and to Commence at the Expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Eighty Pounds Lawful money be allowed 
and paid unto M r . Samuel Holyoke Master of the Writing School 
in Queen Street the ensuing Year to be paid him Quarterly & to 
Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1755. 275 

Voted that the Sum of Sixty Pounds lawful money be allowed 
and paid to M r . Nathaniel Gardner for his Salary as Usher of the 
South Grammar School the ensuing Year to be paid him Quarterly, 
and to commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Eighty Pounds lawful money be allowed 
and paid unto M r . John Procter jun r . for his Salary as one of the 
Masters of the Writing School in Queen street the ensuing Year to 
be paid him Quarterly and to commence at the Expiration of the 
last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of one hundred Pounds lawful money be 
allowed to M r . David Jeffries for his Services as Treasurer of the 
Town the Year past a*nd for all Expences in that Office. 

Voted that the Committee appointed to draw up Instructions for 
the Representatives particularly Urge it upon them to get such 
part of the Excise Act pass'd the General Court the 21 st . of De- 
cember last as relates to the private Consumption of Liquors & C*. 
repealed, and also that they use their Utmost Endeavours that a 
General Valuation of rateable Estates throughout the Province 
may be taken this Year. 

Voted that is the Opinion of the Town that if the Inhabitants 
will give in to the Assessors a Valuation of their rateable Estates 
that so the same may be laid before the General Court it may be a 
means of their obtaining releif as to their paying [368.] so large 
a proportion (as they now do) of the Publick Taxes, Also Voted 
that the Inhabitants be, and they hereby are desired to give in to 
the Assessors such a Valuation according. 

Voted that this Meeting be adjourn'd to Monday the 26 th . instf. 
at 3 o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

Monday 26 of May 3 o'Clock in the Afternoon the Inhabitants 
mett according to their Adjournment. 

The Selectmen appointed a Committee the 15 th . May last to 
visit the Schools now made the following Report Viz*. 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
in Town Meeting Assembled Ma}* 16 : 1755. 

.Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Meeting the 
15 th . of May last desiring the Selectmen to Visit the publick 
Schools, and Invite such Gentlemen to accompany them therein 
as the} 7 shall think proper do now Report, 

That on the 5 th . of July last we attended that Service accompa- 
nied by the following Gentleman Viz*. 
The Hon : Josiah Willard Esq r . 
Richard Bill Esq r . 
Joseph Pj'ncheon Esq r . 
John Erving Esq r . 
The Gent n . the Representatives 
of this Town. 

The Rev d . D r Sewall 

M r . Pemberton 
M r . Mather 
M r . Eliot 
M r . Checkley 



276 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

The Gentlemen the Overseers 
of the Poor 

Thomas Hancock Esq r . 
John Steele Esq r . 
M r . David Jeffries 

and found that in the South Grammar School there was 120 
Scholars, in the South Writing School 220 Scholars, in the Writing 
School in Queen Street 180 Scholars, in the North Grammar School 
40 Scholars, and in the North writing School 240 Scholars, all in 
very good Order. 

SAMUEL GRANT 
THOMAS HILL 
JOSHUA HENSHAW 



Jos : JACKSON 



> Selectmen of Boston. 



THOMAS GUSHING 
SAMUEL HEWES 
JOHN SCOLLAY 

[368^.] Read and Accepted and Voted that the Gentlemen the 
Selectmen be and they hereby are desired to Visit the Schools this 
present Year, and Invite such Gentlemen to accompany them as 
they shall think proper. 

Voted that John Wheelwright Esq r . Jeremiah Greene Esquire 
Stephen Greenleaf Esq r . M r John Ruddock and M r . John Winslow 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Accompts of 
M r . Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accompts of the Overseers 
of the Poor, and the said Committee are hereby directed and 
impowred to inspect every particular Accompt of the moneys 
expended for the use of the Almshouse, and they are desired to 
make report thereon as soon as they have done the same. 

The Town considered of the Article in the Warrant Viz', how 
farr Olivers Dock shall be fill'd up and thereupon Voted that the 
Selectmen be and they hereby are desired to fill up said Dock so 
farr, and in such a manner as they shall think best. 

It being proposed that some Method may be taken to supply the 
Town with Powder, the Act of the Province concerning it was 
Read, and it was judged by the Town that the Law referrs it to 
the Selectmem to supply the Town, & so nothing was done upon it. 

The Petition of sundry Inhabitants for paving a Street near the 
North Meeting House leading into Ship street was read, & there- 
upon It was Voted that the Sum of Thirteen Pounds six shillings 
and eight pence lawful money be allowed & is hereby granted for 
paving the South side of said Street, the same to be paid when it 
is finished, provided the Abutters pay the whole Cost of paving 
the remainder, and it be done to the Satisfaction of the Select- 
men. 

A Motion was made and seconded, that the Town would recon- 
sider the Vote pass'd the 16 : instant relating to the paving 
Long Lane and after some debate thereon a Question was put 
whether the Town would reconsider said Vote and the [369.] 
Moderator declared that he judged it pass'd in the Affirmative, 
whereupon a Poll was demanded, but before the same was decided, 
the Petitioners moved that may have liberty to withdraw theh 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1755. 277 

motion for reconsidering which was granted, and the Town pro- 
ceeded no further. 

The Committee appointed the 16 th . ins', to prepare Instructions 
for the Representatives of this Town reported a Draft the}" had 
made which was in the words following Viz'. 

To the hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq r . M r . John Tyng James 
Bowdoiu Esq r . and M r . William Cooper 
Gentlemen 

Although our Choice of you to represent this Town of Boston 
in the next General Assembly of this Province be such a Proof 
of our Confidence in your Abilities prudence & integrity, that even 
any Instructions, whatsoever, may by some Persons, be tho't need- 
less or impertinent, yet as it is our undoubted right ever to give 
our Representatives particular Instructions for their Conduct, in 
the General Assembly, and very expedient too touching such Points 
especially as most nearly concern the natural rights & liberties of 
the People in general, as well as the Interest of this Town in 
particular, so far at least as is Consistent with the General Good 
of the community, and inasmuch as the famous Excise Act made 
here, the last Winter (which was apprehended by us to be so 
grevious & burdensome that we with one Consent and as soon as 
possible made our Application to our most gracious Sovereign for 
his royal disallowance thereof) hath not yet been presented to his 
Majesty (as we know of) and therefore, doth and will abide in full 
force untill his disallowance thereof be duly Signified, or it be 
repealed here ; We your Constituants do therefore in justice to 
ourselves, as well as in Testimony of our settled & hearty Aver- 
sions to all Attacks and Incroachments upon our natural Rights 
think it very expedient and even necessary at this time to instruct 
you Gent"., And we do accordingly hereby instruct and give it you 
in special Charge 

1 . That 3'ou do exert yourselves to the utmost of yonr Abilities 
in all suitable ways to procure a repeal of that Act, so far as it 
concerns the Excise upon the private Cousumption of Wine Spirits 
&C : in private Families as soon as possible ; and likewise to 
prevent any such like Act, or any Act whatsoever being made in 
destruction or derogation of our natural rights & liberties, if any 
such Attempt should be again made either in the House of Repre- 
sentatives (where the other originated and was so warmly carried 
on to effect) or by either of the branches of the Legislature. 

[369.] 2. That 3*ou likewise earnestly endeavour to procure 
an Act to be made for the exclusion of all Farmers of Excises and 
their Deputies and all secret or open contractors therefor from a 
seat in either House of the General Assembly for the future. 

3. And for as much as the Inhabitants of this Town for a long 
time past have been and still are laboring and groaning under a 
burden of Taxes, far beyound our equal proportion with the other 
Inhabitants of this Province, and which are now become insupport- 
able even to every rank of Men amongst us, we do therefore 
recommend to you and expect, that you also do your utmost to 
procure a just Valuation of all the rateable Estates within this 
Province to be made this Year, that we may no longer be taxed so 



278 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

farr beyound our just proportion towards defreying the Charges 
of the Government, as now are and have been for these many 
Tears past. 

4. As to all other matters which may come under Consideration 
in the Approaching Assembly we leave them at present to your 
prudence & discretion, not doubting of your Fidelity to us your 
Constituents and to the publick, but would have you ever keep in 
your mind, that in Case any new attempt should be made against 
our liberties & Charter- Privileges in this ensuing Year it is expected 
by us, that 3'ou not only seasonably and vigorously oppose it, but 
also give us j'our Constituents timely notice thereof that you may 
receive our further Special Instructions thereupon, if it shou'd be 
thought expedient. And the same being read & considered of. 
Voted unanimously that the same be Accepted, and the Gentlemen 
the Representatives are desired to govern themselves according to 
said Instructions and the Town Clerk is hereby directed to give a 
fair Copy thereof to each of them. 

The Committee appointed the 14 th . of May AD 1751 Viz*. M r . 
Jonathan Williams M r . Thomas Greene and M r . Nath 1 Thwing to 
proscute any persons that have made Incroachments on the 
Towns Lands near to or upon Fort hill, now Reported that by 
virtue of the power to them given they had used their utmost en- 
deavours to accommodate & settle with Middlecott Cooke Esq r . 
and others relating to the Encroachments made on the Towns Land 
near Fort hill in the Occupation of [37O.] M r . Alexander Hunt, 
but not being able to accommodate the same they brought forward 
an Action against said Hunt, which after divers continuances was 
fully heard at the Superiour Court in August last when the Town 
recovered judgment for the possession of a strip of Land next ad- 
joining to M r . Joseph Hubbard's Land, as will fully appear by said 
Judgment, which Strip of Land the Gentlemen the Selectmen of 
the Town of Boston have received possession in behalf of said 
Town, which being read Voted that the same be accepted and 
that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given to said Com- 
mittee for the great Pains they have taken in this Affair. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby is given to 
the Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting 
for transacting the Business thereof. 

The Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualify'd and warned in Public Town 
Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Friday the eighteenth day 
of July AD 1755. 

The "Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

John Phillips Esq ; chose Moderator by a handy Vote, 

The Town proceeded to take into Consideration the Article in 
the Warrant Viz 1 , to determine whether the Town will make an}>- 
Addition to the South Battery for the better Defence of it, besides 
the Repairs voted in May last, and what may be necessary for 
effecting the same, and after some Debate thereon, It was moved 
and seconded that the following Question may be put, whether any 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1756. 279 

Addition shall be made to the South Battery, It was Voted in the 
Negative by a very great Majority. 
Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd 

[37O.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally qualify'd & warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 4 
day of February AD 1756. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

John Phillips Esq r . chose Moderator by a handy Vote. 

The Town proceeded to take into Consideration the Article in 
the Warrant Viz*, whether the Town will immediately proceed to 
raise by a Lottery orLotteries the sum of Three Thousand Pounds 
lawful money for paving Boston Neck pursuant to the Power 
granted by an Act of the Great and General Court lately pas'd 
for that purpose, and the Act of the Province relating to it being 
read. And some Debate thereon, the following Question was put 
Viz', whether it be the Minds of the Town that the Managers who 
are by said Act appointed to carry on said Lottery or Lotteries 
shall proceed as soon as they conveniently can, and in such a 
Method as they shall think proper to raise the aforesaid Sum of 
Three thousand Pounds lawful money in order to pave the Neck 
according to the Directions of said Act, the same to be paved of 
such a Wedthandin such manner as the Selectmen for the time being 
shall judge best, and also do such other Repairs as shall be found 
necessary. And it was voted in the Affirmative by a great Majority. 

The Town then proceeded to consider, the other Article in the 
Warrant Viz', whether the Town will now make Application to the 
General Court that a General Account and valuation of all Polls 
& rateable Estates throughout the Province may be taken this 
Year, and after some debate thereon, It was voted unanimously 
that the Town will make Application accordingly, and then voted 
that a Committee be chose to prepare a Draft of a Petition to the 
General Court for that purpose, Voted that the said Committee 
consist of 5 Persons, Voted that Benjamin Prat Esq r . Samuel 
Welles Esq r . Tho 8 . [371.] Greene Esq : M'. Thomas Cushing and 
Richard Dana Esq ; be the Committee and they are desired to make 
Report of their Draft to the Town at the Adjournment of this Meet- 
ing on Wednesday the 11 th . ins*, at 3 o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

Voted that this Meeting be adjourn'd to Wednesday the ll t!l 
instant at 3 o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

Wednesday February 11 th . 1756 3 o'Clock P.M. the Inhabitants 
mett according to their Adjournment. 

The Committee appointed the 4 th . ins*, to prepare a Draft of a 
Petition to the General Court now reported that they had prepared 
a Draft which was read as in the Words following. Viz*. 

To his Excellency William Shirle}* Esquire Captain General and 
Governour in Chief, the honourable the Council and House of Rep- 
resentatives in General Court Assembled February 11 : 1756. 

The Inhabitants of Boston in Town Meeting legally convened. 
Humbly Shew 



280 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

That their Difficulties are become so great and pressing that they 
cannot forbear repeating their Greviances, which the}' humbly beg 
leave to lay before your Excellency and Honours, that as their 
Ability is exceedingly and apparently lessned their Share of the 
Province Charge (which is now nearly the same as in their most 
flourishing State) may be made proportionable to their present 
diminish'd & decayed Circumstances. 

That their Condition and Ability are thus weakued will abun- 
dantly appear by comparing their past, & present State & Bussiuess 
heretofore there were near four thousand Polls who paid Taxes, 
now there are but few more than two thousand. 

But a short time since the Town often had 30 or 40 Vcssells at 
a time on the Stocks, mostly large, now there are but six Vessells 
of all sorts agreed for. 

Not many Years since they had the whole Business [371^,] of 
Distilling Molosses and refining Sugar with which they supply'd 
the Inhabitants of this Province, Newfoundland Nova Scotia, New 
Hampshire, Rhode Island, & Providence Plantations, Counecticutt, 
New York, the Jerseys, Maryland Virgiunia, North and South 
Carolina, in return for which they had Wheat, Flower, Peas, Pork, 
Beef, Fish, Train Oyl, Pitch, Tarr, Turpentine, Furrs, Hides, 
Skins Tallow & many other valuable Commodities, & frequently 
especially from Nova Scotia, & Newfoundland, Bills of Exchange 
on our Mother Country, this necessarily employed a great number 
of Vessells & Sailors to Import the Molasses, & Haw Sugar, & 
export their produce when Ma nu factored, as also what we barter'd 
them away for abroad as well as brough among us and found 
Bussiness for a great Number Tradesmen as Coopers, Bakers, 
Hatters, Tanners, Tallow Chandlers Truckmen, and Porters, all 
which having full employ chearfully paid their part of the Taxes, 
whereas now we are wholly deprived of supplying the most of the 
neighbouring Governments, there being many Distilling or Sugar 
Houses in Rhode Island, New York, and Pensylvaniu to the 
Southward, as well as in Nova Scotia to the Northward, besides 
the Great number in other Towns of this Province Viz 1 . Plymouth, 
Salem, Newbury, Haverhill, Marblehead, Charleslown Watertown 
Medford & Nautuckett, insomuch that the Town of Boston now 
does not half supply the home Consumption. 

Within a little more than twenty Years the Inhabitants of this 
Town imported and almost entirely supply'd not only this Province 
but all the other Inhabitants of the several Governments in New 
England with the Manufactures and Goods of our Mother Country 
now they have almost wholly lost the supply of Rhode Island 
Government, and in a great measure that of Coiniecticutt and 
New Hampshire, and not so only but several of our considerable 
Shops & whole Sale Traders are now supply'd by those very Mer- 
chants in other Towns of this Province whom they or their Fathers 
or Massters largely or almost wholly supply'd with the same, Sort 
of Goods, but a few Years since. 

And within a very Short time almost [372.] All our victuallers 
or Butchers living in the Town who were thirty or forty in Number, 
and kill'd not long since all the large Meat & much the Greatest 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1756. 281 

part of the small, are now reduced to three or four who all put 
together, don't kill so much as one who lives out of the Town, this 
lias almost broke up our Tanners Curriers & Shoemakers and altered 
the Case of the Town from supplying the Country, with Leather, 
and a great part of their Shoes to be supply'd very largely with 
both, from the Country. 

These Things have of Course and almost unavoidably brought 
a great number of our Inhabitants of the lower sort to great Poverty 
and Indigence, insomuch that the Charge of onr Poor has increased 
from about one Thousand or Fifteen hundred Pounds a Year old 
tenor to ten or twelve Thousand, besides the Collections for them 
in the several Churches & other Charitable Meetings and Societys 
which are thought by the most knowing to amount to as much more, 
which great excesive Charges has also brought on another growing 
& heavy loss to the Town, that of the removal of several of our 
Men, wealthy inhabitants, it being a known & settled Point that 
about a fifth part of what they pay for Taxes in Boston will dis- 
charge them in any other Town, it must be a strong temptation to 
remove a few miles out of this Town if a man can save five hundred 
or a thousand Pounds a Year by it. 

And while this Town has in these visible ways been sinking and 
inf cabled many parts of the said Province have flourished & in- 
creased apparently, the Count3's of Essex Middlesex & Worcester, 
have done so in their Husbandry, and the Towns of Plymouth, 
Sherburne or Nantucket, Salem, Marblehead, Newbury, York, and 
Falmouth in Casco Bay, have also in their Trade & Commerce both 
foreign & domestick ; these things which are easy to be verified and 
put beyond all Dispute, point out, and as we humbly apprehend 
justice seems to require, that a new Valuation of Estates be made 
throughout the Province, and alth6 ; this Town have not given in 
a List or Valuation of their Estates heretofore, yet it appears now 
so necessary that they have unanimously agreed. & voted to do it, 
and they do with the same unanimity humbly request your Excel- 
lency & Honours (as soon as may be) to order a Valuation to be 
made of all the rateable Estates in the Province, upon which we 
hope the Inhabitants of Boston will with all Chearfullness exert 
themselves to pay what shall be found their just Share & Proportion 
[372.] And thereupon it was imanimonsly Voted that the same 
be accepted and that the Town Clerk prepare a fair Copy of said 
Petition and that the Selectmen in the Name of the Town Sign the 
same and preferr it to the General Court accordingly. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be & they hereby are given 
to the Committee for the Pains they have took in preparing the 
Draft aforesaid. 

Voted that Joshua Winslow Esq r . ) ,, , 

& Thomas Greene Esq } Merchants 

John Hill Esq Distiller & Sugar baker 

Benj a : Hallowell Esq r . . . Shipwright 

Nath 1 . Thwing Esq r . . . . Baker 

M T . Samuel Bass .... Tanner 

M r . John Breck .... Cooper 

M r . Joseph Belknap . . . Leather dresser. 



282 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Be & they hereby are appointed a Committee to make the most 
Exact & particular Enquity what Bussiuess was done and carry'd 
on by Persons of their respective Occupations in this Town in the 
Year 174G, or thereabouts and also in what proportion the same 
has been since declining to this time, and they are desired to 
reduce the same to writing, and return such Accompts thereof to 
the Selectmen, they to deliver the same to the Gentlemen the Rep- 
resentatives of the Town who are to make such use thereof as the 
shall judge necessary in the Application the Town have made to the 
General Court for taking a Valuation this Year of all Polls & rate- 
able Estates throughout the Province. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given unto 
John Phillips Esq : the Moderator of this Meeting for transacting 
the Business thereof. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

[373.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualifyed and legally Warned in 
Publick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
eighth day of March AD 1756. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Samuel Cooper. 
The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read, 
Sundry Laws Read. 

John Phillips Esq r . was unanimously Choose Moderator by a 
written Vote, and he took the Oath respecting his paj'ing & receiv- 
ing Bills of Credit of the Governments of Connecticut, New Hamp- 
shire and Rhode Island, as required by the Act of this Province. 
Ezetael Goldthwait was chose Town Clerk for the Year ensuing, 
and having taken the Oath required by the Act of the 26 th . Year 
of His present Majesty's Reign respecting the paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the other Governments, took the Oath of Office, 
which were administred to him by John Phillips Esq r . 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of Seven Selectmen and the 
Votes being brought in and Sorted it appeared that, 
M r . Samuel Grant 
M r . Thomas Hill 
Joshua Henshaw Esq r . 
Cap'. Joseph Jackson 
M r . Thomas Gushing 
Cap*. Samuel Hewes 
M r . John Scollay, 

were chose, and they were accordingly Sworn respecting to their 
receiving and paying Bills of Credit of the neighbouriuf Govern- 
ments. 

The Hon ble . Jacob Wendell Esq r . 
Col. John Hill 
Daniel Henchman Esq'. 
M r . Edward Bromfield 

[373J.J The Hon ble . Andrew Oliver Esq'. 
John Phillips Esq r . 
M r . Isaac Walker 
Cap'. Ebenezer Storer 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1756. 283 

M r . John Barret 

Cap 4 . Nath 1 . Greenwood 

M r . Royal Tyler 

M r . Thomas Flucker 
were Chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given unto 
the Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq r . and M r . Joseph Sherburne for 
the good services they have done in the Office of Overseers of the 
Poor for several Years past. 

The Town proceeded to take into Consideration the Petition 
of M r . John Hill and Samuel "Wentworth Esquires that a further 
Term may be granted them of the Town's Lands on the Neck 
already Leased to them, and after some Debate thereon, the said 
Hill & Wentworth being heard in support of their Petition, It was 
mov'd and seconded that said Petition be Dismissed, and the 
Question being put, It was Voted that said Petition be dismissed 
accordingly. 

The Petition of Francis Wells Esq r . of Cambridge in the County 
of Middlesex setting forth that for thirty Years past he chearfully 
paid large Taxes towards defreying the Charges of the Town, and 
was always willing to bear his part of the Burthens of the Town 
whilst he continued amongst them and was able so to do ; But it is 
so for the last four Years of the Petitioner's residence in the Town 
he met with very Considerable Losses in his Trade and Bussiness, 
which reduced him greatly in his Circumstances and rendered him 
unable to discharge the Taxes laid on him, but the Petitioner 
neglected applying to the Assessors for abatement of his Taxes 
on Account of his great and heavy Losses, which if he had done he 
is well satisfied they would have taken off more than the Sum now 
due from him, but for his negligence he must [374.] Unavoidably 
be thrown into a Cold and filthy Prison, unless the Town according 
to their usual kindness and Charity will be pleased to Release him 
from the demand the Collector hath against him for the remainder 
of his Taxes being the Sum of 28,, 16,, 10, and the Petitioner 
humbly Conceives the Town will not take any Advantage of his 
Latches in omitting to apply to the Assessors in Season when they 
Consider his present difficult and distressed Circumstances ; He 
therefore most humbly prays that the Town would be pleased to 
give Orders to the Assessors to abate him the said Sum of 28,, 
16,, 10, the time limited by the Town for application being elapsed 
notwithstanding or that he may have such Relief afforded him in 
the Premisses as the Town in their great goodness see meet. And 
after some Debate thereon, Voted that the same be dismissed. 

Voted that any Person chosen in the Office of a Const*, for the 
Year ensuing be excused from serving in that Office upon his paying 
to the Town Treasury the Sum of Four Pounds Lawful Money. 
Mess". Joseph Rhodes Pay 

Samuel Simpson Excused 

Henry Atkins jun*. 

Benjamin Loring Excused 

Thomas Dawes jun r . Excused 

Samuel Osborne Paid in 1 754. 



284 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



Peter Barbour Sworn 

Sam 1 . Hardcastle Pay 

Tho". Pavel-weather Pay 

Moses Peck Excused 

John Pattin Sworn 

John Coverley Sworn 

were Chosen Constables for the Year ensuing 

The Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Town Treas- 
urer, and they being sorted it appeared that M r . David Jeff ries was 
unanimously chose into that Office, and he accordingly took the 
Oath respecting his receiving and paying Bills of the other Gover- 
nments as required by Law, and then was sworn to the faithful 
discharge of his Duty in that Office. 

[374:^.] The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for a County 
Treasurer, and they being Collected were Sealed up by Constable 
Patten to be by him kept and Returned into the Court of General 
Sessions of the Peace in April next. 

The Freeholders brought in their Votes for a Register of Deeds 
and Conveyances for the County of Suffolk, & they were Sealed up 
by Constable Patten to be by him kept & returned into the Court 
of General Sessions of the Peace in April next. 
Colonel John Hill 

John Phillips Esq T . 

Cap'. Joseph Jackson 

M r . John Scollay 
Colonel Nathaniel Thwing, Excus'd 

M r - Royal Tyler 

Cap*. Hopestill Foster 

M r . John Rowe 

Cap'. Newirin Greenough 

M r . William Cooper 

M r . Joseph Jackson 

Nath 1 . Wheelwright Esq r . 

Cap'. Thomas Savage 
were chose Firewards for the Year ensuing. 

Mess. Samuel Phillips Paid in 1753 

Samuel Hewes jun r . Excus'd 

John Cunningham Excus'd 

Edward Tyng Excus'd 

Aggustus Hale Sworn 

John Wells Sworn 

were chose Constables for the Year ensuing. 

Mess." John Joy Excus'd 

Barnabas Clarke Excus'd 

Nath 1 . Ridgway Excus'd 

Obadiah Low Excus'd 

were chose Constables for the Year Ensuing. 

[375.] M r . John Gray. 

was chose Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Robert Ford 

Clement Collins 

Isaac White 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1756. 285 

William Nichols 
"William Welch 
John Grant 
Isaac Vergoose 
Andrew Symmes 
Henry Allen 
William Paine 
Moses Eaj'res 
Joseph Butler Excus'd 
Samuel Warden 

were chose Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Samuel Treat 
Joseph Dyer 
Edward Potter 
Isaac Towle 
David Spear 
Benj a . Ballard 
John Hobbs 
Edward Cowell 
Robert Treat 
John Helyer 

were chose Cullers of Staves for the ensuing Year. 
Mess. Thomas Coverley 
Nathaniel Bird 
Samuel Smith 
Ambrose Vincent 

were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Belcher Noyes 
John Forsyth 
John Lee 
John Leverett 
[375.] Alex r . Sears 

William Blair Townsend 
Benjamin Davis 
Benjamin Fitch 
Daniel Jones 
Joseph Candish 
John White 
Aftar Stoddard 

were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Story Dawes 
Caleb Ray 
Thomas Crafts 

Benj*. Russell * 

Onesiphorus Tilestone 
Francis Warden 

were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Joseph Carter 
Thomas Hase 
Samuel Hastings 
were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 



286 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Mess. Joseph Belknap 

Nath 1 . Gardner 
were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing. 

M r . Joseph Curtis 

was chose Hay ward for the Year ensuing. 
Selectmen, Surveyors of Highways. 
Mess. David Cutler 

Thomas Foster 

ivere chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. William Gray 

Corn 1 . Thayer 

Samuel Downe 
[376.] John Deming 

John Winslow 

Daniel Bowyer 

Samuel Austin 

Samuel Dexter 

Moses Peck 

Joseph Waldo 

John Winslow 

Daniel Eveleth 

were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Nathaniel Barber 

William Fairfield 

Peter Oliver 

John Kneeland 

Samuel Edwards 

Benj a . Church 

Isaac White 
were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing. 

Mess. David Greenleaf Sworn 

Michael Burn Sworn 

Henry Snow Excus'd 

Andrew Boardman Excus'd 

were chose Constables for the Year ensuing. 

Cap'. Isaac Dupee 
was chose Clerk of Fanueil Hall Market for the Yoar ensuing. 

Voted that the Sum of Twenty Pounds be allow'd and paid out 
of the Town Treasury unto Cap 1 . Isaac Dupee for his Service as 
Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market the Year past. 

Voted that no person shall now be chose for a Collector of Taxes 
who has heretofore served in that Office that cannot produce 
Receipts in full from the several Treasurers whom he was obliged 
to pay for the Year 1754. 

[376.] Voted that the Sum of twelve pence on the Pound 
be and hereby allowed to be paid to such Persons as shall be chose 
Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing, for all such Sums as 
they shall Collect, provided they pay into the Town Treasury one 
half part, of the whole Sum they are obliged to pay him within four 
Months from the time they receive the Taxbooks from the Assessors, 
and the other half part in three Months after, and also pay into the 
Province and County Treasuries, one half part of the whole Sums 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1.756. 287 

they shall be obliged to pay them respectively in seven Months 
from the time they shall receive the Taxbooks from the Assessors 
as aforesaid, and the other half part in five Months after, and in 
case either of said Collectors shall fail paying in manner aforesaid, 
the Collector so failing shall not be Entitled to the aforesaid Allow- 
ance of twelve pence on the Pound, but wholly forfeit the same 
provided also that each of said Collectors give Bond with sufficient 
Sureties to the satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faithful dis- 
charge of thier Duty in said Office, and complying with this -Vote. 
Mess". John Ruddock 
Jon a . Payson 
James Scutt 
Samuel Adams 
Collectors [In margin.] 

Mess". Edward Gray jun r . Sworn 

Earth . Band Excus'd 

Tho". Barton Simpkins Excus'd 

Mess". Isaac Bates Sworn 

Joseph Miller Excus'd 

Richard Hunniwell Sworn 

Benjamin Adams Excus'd 

David Gleason Sworn 

were chose Constables for the Year ensuing. 

The Selectmen's Report on the Account of M r . John Fenno 
keeper of the Granary, for the Year past, as Entr'd in his Book 
(and on File in the Town Clerk's Office) . Read and Voted that 
the same be accepted, and accordingly [377.] that M r . Fenno be 
further Accountable to the Town for 120 Bushels of Rye, remain- 
ing unsold, and also for 60 Bushels of Corn unsold, amounting 
to Twenty seven Pounds eight shillings, and also for the Sum of 
Four hundred and forty Iwo Pounds & six pence exclusive of the 
Sum of Twenty six Pounds thirteen shillings and four pence for 
his Salary and Assistance as Charged in said Account, which is 
hereby allowed him. 

Thomas Greene Esq r . Cap'. Joseph Jackson and M r . John Scollay 
were chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, the said 
Committee are desired and impowred to give all needful directions 
to the keeper of the Grainary respecting the Quantities of Grain to 
be Sold, and setting the Price thereof from time to time as occa- 
sion may require. 

Voted that the Assessors be and they hereby are impowred to 
Sit to the first day of May next and no longer, for making an 
Abatement of the Taxes of such Persons as they shall judge reason- 
able, saving that they have liberty to sit the two last Weeks in 
November next, to abate the Taxes of all such Persons, as shall 
appear to them to have dy'd, or been out of Town, and could not 
have made Application to them before said first Day of May. 

Also Voted that the Assessors in said two "Weeks in November 
may if they see cause, abate the Taxes of all such Persons as 
shall then appear to them to have become Bankrupts between said 
first of May & said time of Sitting, and which the Collectors shall 
have endeavor'd to have got, but could not. 



288 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Tythingmen Nothing done thereon. 

The Petition of sundry Inhabitants setting forth that inasmuch 
as 'tis thought necessan' and of advantage to the Town in gen- 
eral, and to the Souther!}* part thereof in particular, that the Bell 
belonging to the Meeting House of the Rev d . M r . Byles be rung 
at five o'Clock in the Morning ; they the Subscribers therefore 
prayed that the same might be [37 7.] Accordingly Rung, and 
that the Expence thereof be paid by the Inhabitants, as has been 
accostomed for the ringing of the other Bells in the Town, which 
being Read Voted that the same be Dismiss'd. 

Voted that the Selectmen be, and they hereby are Impowred 
to direct and order what Bells in the Town shall be rung and at 
what hours. 

The Town took into Consideration the Article in the Warrant 
Viz 4 . " whether any more effectual Method than is always pres- 
cribed by Law can be taken, for promoting a more general 
Reformation of Manners." 
and thereupon Voted that 

The Hon ble . Judge Sewall 
The Hon ble . Tho 8 . Hubbard Esq r . 
Abiel Walley Esq r . 
John Phillips Esq r . & 
M r . Will m . Cooper, 

be and they hereby are Appointed a Committee upon this Affair, 
and they are desired in the most particular manner to Consider of 
the same, and Report to the Town at their Meeting in May next, 
what Methods they shall judge best to be taken for a more general 
Reformation of Manners. 

Voted that all Matters and Things that were to be transacted 
this Meeting, & remain unfinished, be and hereby are Referr'd 
over to the Town Meeting in May next, to be then Considered of 
and Acted upon. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby is given to 
John Phillips Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting for transacting 
and dispatching the Business thereof. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

[378.J At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally qualifyed and warned in 
Publick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 
eleventh day of May AD 1756. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Sam 1 . Checkley jun r . 

The Precept & Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

M r . Samuel Grant one of the Selectmen propos'd in their Name 
to the Inhabitants assembled to Proceed to the Choice of one or 
more Persons to Represent them in the Great & General Court or 
Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday the 26 th . of May 
current, and in order thereto to consider & ascertain the Number 
of Gentleman to be Elected, accordingly. It was Voted to proceed 
to the Choice of four Representatives, and it was then declared 
that the Poll will be clos'd at twelve o'Clock. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1756. 289 

The Votes being Collected, the Number of Voters were found to 
be 533 and upon Sorting 'em it appear 3d that the following Gen- 
tlemen were chose Viz'. 

Votes. 

Samuel Welles Esq r . 301 

Thomas Hubbard 362 

M r . John Tyng 347 

M r . Thomas Flucker 459. 

The Election of Representatives being over, and the same being 

declar'd by the Selectmen, 

The Inhabitants proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Moder- 
ator, and upon Sorting them it appeared that the Hon ble . Thomas 
Hubbard Esq r . was Choose. 

The Petition of Samuel Wentworth Esq r . setting forth that he 
is a great Sufferer by a Lease he has of the Town's Lands on the 
Westerly side of Boston Neck, not only from the [378|-.] Un- 
expected Costs he has been at for the Compleating a Sea Wall 
Buildings and Fences, but more particularly from the Effects of a 
late Storm, in which said Sea Wall has sustained very great Dam- 
age, the Tempest having made several Breaches in the most ex- 
posed parts, and in general so weakned and reduced the Bank, 
that th6 repairing it will be attended with an Addition Expence 
of near half the first Cost. 

Wherefore he humbly prayed that the Town would so far sustain 
the Memorial as to chuse a suitable Committee to inspect the Prem- 
isses, and make such Allowances as shall appear just and reason- 
able, reporting the same to the Town at their then next Meeting, 
or that the Town would fall into any Method for the Relief of 
their Memorialist that shall Result from their Consideration, And 
their Petitioner as in Duty bound shall ever pray. 

SAMUEL WENTWORTH. 

which being Read and after a short Debate Voted that the same 
be Dismiss'd. 

John Downe was chose Constable. 

Voted that the Meeting be Adjourn'd to 3 o'Clock in the After- 
noon. 

Three o'Clock in the Afternoon the Town meet according to 
Adjournment. 

Voted a Grant of Three Thousand five hundred Pounds Lawful 
money be rais'd by a Tax upon Polls & Estates within the Town 
of Boston, for relief of the Poor & defreying other necessary 
Charges arising within the Town the Year ensuing. 

Samuel Wentworth Esq r . mov'd that the To n would be pleas'd 
to Consider the Vote pass'd in the forenoon on his Petition, and 
after some Debate thereon, a Question was put, whether said Vote 
shall be Reconsidered, and it pass'd in the Negative ; 

The Town proceeded to Consider what Method is best to be 
taken for the Revisal of the several By Laws [379.] Now in 
force, and what Alterations are necessary to be made therein, and 
thereupon Voted that the Selectmen be and they hereby are desired 
to employ some Persons learned in the Law to revise and alter 
said By Laws in such Manner as they shall judge most bene.3ci.al 



290 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

to the Town, and also prepare the Draft of a By Law to prevent 
the frequent firing of Chimneys, and Report the whole that shall 
be done hereupon so soon as may be ; And the Selectmen are im- 
powred to allow and pay such Persons as they shall Employ in 
this Affair what they shall judge reasonable for their Service. 

Upon a Motion made and Seconded it was unanimously Voted 
that the Thanks of the Town be & hereb}^ is given to James 
Bowdoin Esq r . for the good Services he has done the Town as 
their Representative for several Years past. 

Also unanimously Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and 
hereby is given unto M r . William Cooper for the good Services 
he has done the Town as their Representative the Year past. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq r . & M r . Ja". Pitts Overseers 
of the Poor in the room of Daniel Henchman Esq r . & M r . Edward 
Bromfield who were chose in March last, but decline Serving in 
that Office, and said Hubbard & Pitts being present pray'd the 
Town to excuse them as their Bussiness will not permit them to 
Serve ; Voted that they be Excus'd accord 7 
Whereupon, M r . John Tudor & 

M r . William Phillips 
were chose in -:heir Room and Accepted. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz', what Application may be neces- 
sary to be made to the General Court for the better Securing the 
Powder House in the Common came under Consideration, and it is 
thereupon Voted that the Gentlemen the Representatives of the 
Town be and they hereby are desir'd to Apply to the General 
Court at their next Sessions, that they wou'd take effectual Care, 
that said Powder House may be better Secured, than it now is. 

[379^.] Voted that the Sum of one Hundred & Twenty Pounds 
Lawful money be allowed and paid unto M r . Peleg Wiswall for his 
Salary as Master of the North Grammar School for the ensuing 
Year, the same to be paid to him quarterly and to Commence at 
the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred & twenty Pounds Lawfull 
money be allowed and paid unto M r . John Lovell for his Salary as 
Master of the South Grammar School for the ensuing Year, the 
same to be paid him quarterly, & to Commence at the Expiration 
of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One Hundred Pounds Lawful money be 
allowed and paid unto M r . Abia Holbrook for his Salary as 
Master of the Writing School in the Common the ensuing year to 
be paid him Quarterly, and to Commence at the Expiration of 
the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds Lawful money be 
allowed and paid unto M r . Zach h . Hicks for his Salary as Master 
of the North Writing School the ensuing Year to be paid him 
Quarterly, and to Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allow'd and paid unto 
M r . Sam 1 . Holyoke Master of the Writing School in Queen Street 
the ensuing Year to be paid him Quarterly and to Commence at 
the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that Jie Sum of Sixty Pounds Lawful Money be Allowed 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1756. 291 

& paid unto M r . Nath 1 . Gardner for his Salary as Usher of the 
South Grammar School, the ensuing Year to be paid him quarterly 
& to Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Eighty Pounds Lawful Money be allow'd 
and paid unto M r . John Procter jun r . for his Salary as one of the 
Master of the Writing School [38O.] In Queen Street the ensu- 
ing Year to be paid him Quarterly and to Commence at the 
Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds Lawful Money be 
Allowed to M r . David Jeffries for his Services as Treasurer of the 
Town the Year past, and for all his Expences in that Office. 

The Committee appointed the 26 th . of May last to Audit the 
Accounts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries now Reported that they had 
attended that Service, and found the same right Cast, and well 
Vouched, in which he Charges himself with sundry Fines and 
other Incomes of the Town, as also with the Tax of 4000 com- 
mitted to the Collectors, all which Amounts (including the ballance 
of old Account) to 7546,, 16,, 8 And the said Treasurer 
discharges himself by sundry Abatements made the Collectors, by 
Drafts made b^y the Selectmen am , to 2746,, 6,, 7f, and by 
Drafts made by the Overseers of the Poor which contain the 
Charges of the Almshouse and Workehouse amounting to 1483,, 
19,, 4 & which we have inspected in a very particular manner by 
examining every particular Voucher produced by the Overseers 
for the amount of that Sum, and every other Branch of the Pub- 
lick Charge all amounting to 4254,, 1,, 2f ,, by which it appears 
that when all the Taxes Rents and Incomes in the Town are in, 
the ballance will be 2794,, 7,, 7,, $ which said Treasurer is 
further to Account for, as appears by the Tryal Ballance of said 
Account given in by said Committee and on File ; which Report & 
Account being Read, Voted that the same be accepted. 

The Selectmen appointed a Committee the 16 th . of May last to 
Visit the Schools now made the following 
Report Viz*. 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
in Town Meeting Assembled May 11 : 1756. 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Meeting the 
16 : of May last desiring the Selectmen to Visit the Publick 
Schools, and Invite such Gentlemen to Accompany them therein 
as they should think proper, do new Report. 

[38O.] That on the 27 th Day of June last, We attended that 
Service Accompanied by the following Gentleman Viz' 

The Hou bl . John Jeffries Esq r . 

The Hon ble . Richard Bill Esq r . 

The Gent", the Representatives of the Town 

The Gent", the Overseers of the Poor 

The Rev d . M r . Samuel Mather 

The Rev d . M r . Samuel Cooper 

John Steele Esq r . 

Thomas Greene Esq r . 

M r . James Pitts 



292 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

M r . Oxenbridge Thacher 

M r . Treasurer Jeffries 

and found in the South Grainmer School there was 125 Scholars, 
in the South Writing School 216 Scholars, in the Writing School 
in Queen Street 180 Scholars, in the North Grammar School 28 
Scholars, and in the North Writing School 210 Scholars, all in 
very good Order. 

Samuel Grant 



Thomas Hill 
Joseph Jackson 



Selectmen. 



Thomas Gushing 
Samuel Hewes 
John Scollay 

Read & Accepted, and Voted that the Gentlemen the Selectmen 
be and hereby are desired to Visit the Schools this present Year, 
and Invite such Gentlemen to Accompany them as they shall think 
proper. 

Voted that Thomas Greene Esq r . the Hon ble . Samuel Welles 
Esq r . M r . John Spooner, M r . John Rowe & M r . W m . Cooper Be 
and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Account 
of M r . Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Acco ts . of the Overseers of 
the Poor, and the said Committee are directed and impowred to 
Inspect every particular Account of the Monies expended for the 
use of the Almshouse and make Report thereon, as soon as they 
have done the same. 

[381.] The Town pass'd upon the Lists of Persons qualifyed 
to Serve as Petit Jurors for the Superiour and Inferiour Courts 
for the County of Suffolk, and Court of Sessions and proceeded to 
Act thereupon as the Law requires. 

Voted that all Matters and things that remain unfinished be 
Continued over to the next General Town Meeting, to be then 
Considered of, and Acted upon. 

Voted Unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
is given to the Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq r . the Moderator of 
this Meeting, for transacting the Business thereof. 

Then the Meeting was Dismissed. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil-Hall on Monday the four- 
teenth day of March AD 1757. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r . Joseph Sewall. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

John Phillips Esq r . was chose Moderator by a written Vote and 
he took the Oath respecting his paying and receiving Bills of Credit 
of the Governments of Connecticut^ New Hampshire and Rhode 
Island, as required by the Act of this Province. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait was unanimously chose Town Clerk for the 
Year ensuing, & having taken, the Oath required by the Act of the 
26 th . of hi3 present Majesty's Reign respecting the paying and re- 
ceiving Bills o:! Credit of the other Governments [38l|] Took 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1757. 293 

the Oath of Office which were administred to him by John Phillips 
Esq r . 

Sundry Petitions Read. 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of seven Selectmen and the 
Votes being brought in and Sorted it Appeared that 
Samuel Grant Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Hill 
Joshua Honshaw Esq r . 
Joseph Jackson Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Gushing 
M r . Samuel Hewes 
M r . John Scollay 

were unanimously chosen & took the Oath respecting their paying 
and receiving Bills of Credit of the neighbouring Governments as 
required by the Act of this Province of the 26 th . of his present 
Majesty. 

The Town brought in their Votes for 12 Overseers of the Poor, & 
being Sorted it appeared that. 

the Hon ble . Andrew Oliver Esq r . 
John Phillips Esq r . 
M r . Isaac Walker 
Ebenezer Storer Esq r . 
M r . John Barrett 
M r . John Tudor 
M r . Royal Tyler 
Thomas Flucker Esq r . 
M r . William Phillips 
James Pitts Esq r . 
Peter Chardon Esq r . Refuses. 
Mr. Benj a . Dolbeare 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby is given to :he 
Hon ble . Jacob Wendell Esq r . and John Hill Esq r . for the faithful 
services they have done the Town as Overseers of the Poor for 
twenty Years past, and to Captain [382.] Nathaniel Greenwood 
for two Years past. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Town Treasurer, & upon 
viewing them it appeared that M r . David Jeffries was unanimously 
chose to that Office, and having taken the Oath relating to his pay- 
ing and receiving Bills of Credit of the other Governments, was 
sworn to the faithful discharge of his Duty in that Office. 

Voted that the Town proceed to the choice of twelve Constables 
for the Year ensuing, distinct from the Collectors of Taxes. 

Voted that any Person chose into the Office of a Constable shull 
be excused upon his paying a Fine of Six Pounds. 

Voted that not more than one Person that has heretofore Served 
as a Constable in this Town (within the time he was obliged by 
Law to serve) shall be chose this Year. 

The Town brought in their Votes for 12 Constables and upon 
sorting them it appeared that 

Mess". Nathan Spear Sworn 

Nath 1 . Thayer Sworn 



294 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



Benj a . Adams Sworn 

Thomas Raymand Sworn 

John Joy Excused 

Hugh Moore Excused 

John Pattin Sworn 

Jacob Thaver Sworn 

Tho 9 . Bell," Taylor Sworn 

Tho s . Hubbard Hatter Sworn 

Benjamin Edes Sworn 

Daniel Pecker Sworn 
The Town brought in their Votes for a County Treasurer & they 

were Sealed up by Const*. Patten to be by him kept & returned to 

the next Quarter Sessions to be holden for this County. 

[383J.] Mess. William Gray Sworn 
' John Leverett 
John Demiug 

Corn 8 . Thayer Sworn 
Samuel Downe 

John Winslow Hatter Sworn 

Henderson Inches Sworn 

Daniel Boyer Sworn 

Samuel Austin Sworn 
Samuel Dexter 
Moses Peck 

Joseph Waldo Excused 

Joseph Winslow Sworn 

were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 

Messr*. William Welch Sworn 

Isaac White Sworn 

Isaac Vergoose Sworn 

William Paine Sworn 

John Greenough Excused 

William Nichols Sworn 
John Grant 
Clement Collins 
Eobert Ford 

James Clark Sworn 

Andrew S.ymes Sworn 

Benj a . Bicknell Sworn 

Moses Eayres Sworn 

were chose Survej-ors of Boards &c. for the Year ensuing. 
M r . John Gray 

was chose Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Benjamin Russell 
Nathaniel Wales 
Onesiphorus Tilestone 
Thomas Crafts 

Obadiah Low Sworn 
Caleb Ray 

were chose Fence Viewers of the Year ensuing. 
[383.] Mess. Nathaniel Gardner 
Joseph Belknap 

were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1757. 2S5 

Joseph Curtis Sworn 

was chose Ha}'ward for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". David Cutler 

Tho'. Foster 
were chose Assaymasters ibr the Year ensuing. 

Mess". Henry Rhodes ' Sworn 

John Child Sworn 

James Downing Sworn 

were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 

Mess". Benj". Wheeler Excused 

John Pulling 

Nath 1 . Bird 

John Bennet Excused 

Thomas Parker 

Seth Pond Sworn 

were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing. 

Belcher Noyes 

Ambrose Vincent 

John Forsyth 

John Moffatt 

Joseph Edwards 

David "Wheeler Excused. 

Benj a . Hodgdon 

Nathan Simpson 

Benj a . Harrod 

Benj a . Fitch 

Thomas Adams 

John Harris 

Elisha Foster 

were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing. 
Selectmen } 
Surveyors of > [In margin.] 

Highways ) 

[383-^.] Tyihingmen. [In margin.] Nothing done thereon. 
M r . Isaac Smith was chose an Overseer of the Poor in the Room 
of Peter Chardon Esq r . who declines serving. 

John Phillips Esq r . 

Joseph Jackson Esq r . 

M r . John Scollay 

M r . Royal Tyler 

Cap'. Hopestill Foster 

M r . John Rowe 

Cap 4 . Newman Greenough 

Cap'. Thomas Savage 

Nath 1 . Wheelwright Esq r . 

M r . Joseph Jackson 

M r . William Cooper 

Thomas Flucker Esq r . 
were chose Firewards for the Your ensuing. 

Mess". Eliphalet Parker Sworn 

William Warland Sworn 

Constables. [In margin.] 



296 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

The Selectmen Report on the Account of M r . John Fenno keeper 
of the Granary for the Year past, as is entred in his Book (and on 
File in the Town Clerk's Office) Read & Voted that the same be 
accepted and accordingly, M r . Fenno be further accountable to the 
Town for 1840 Bushels of Corn, & 460 Bushels of Rye remaining 
unsold amounting to 289 ,, 16 ,, 0, and also for the Sum of 191 ,, 
4 ,, 5 Cash now in his hands, exclusive of the Sum of 26 ,, 13 ,, 4 
for his Salary and Assistance, as charged in said Accompt which 
is hereby allowed him. 

Thomas Greene and Joseph Jackson Esq rs . and M r . John Scollay 
were chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing and they are 
desired & impowred to give all needful directions to the keeper of 
the Granary respecting the Quantities of the Grain to be sold & 
setting the Price thereof from time to time as occasion may require. 

[384.] The Article in the Warrant viz', whether the Town 
will give " any additional Bounty for the Encouragement of Persons 
to iulist in the Service of the Province in the present Expedition " 
was considered of and after some debate thereon, it was Voted that 
said Article be dismissed. 

Voted that Benjamin Prat, Charles Apthorp, Thomas Greene 
Richard Dana Joseph Lee and James Boutineau Esq. Docter 
William Clarke M r . John Rowe, M r . John Ruddock M r . Oxenbridge 
Thacher M r . Royal Tyler M r . Thomas Gushing M r . Isaac Walker 
M r . Nathaniel Bethune & M r . Samuel Adams, be & they hereby 
are appointed a Committee to apply to the General Court to enable 
the Town to Raise by Tax on the Inhabitants such a Sum of Money 
as will be needful to make up the Deficiencies of the Years 1755 & 
1 75G occasioned by an Abatement of the Taxes of Persons unable 
to pay them, and also for any other Relief that said Committee 
shall think necessary. 

The Committee appointed the 1 1 of May last to Audit the 
Accompt s of M r . Treasurer Jeffries, now reported, that they had 
attended that service & found the same right cast & well vouched ; 
in which he charges himself with sundry Fines Rents, and other In- 
comes of the Town, as also with the Tax of 3500 committed to the 
Collectors all which amounts (including the Ballance of the old Ac- 
compt) to 0807,, 19,, 9,, . Andthe said Treasurer discharges him- 
self by sundry Abatements made the Collectors, by Drafts made by 
the Selectmen amounting to 2321,, 7,, 5, And by Drafts made by 
Overseers of the Poor, which contain Charges of the Alms-house 
and Workhouse amounting to 1769, ,6, ,11 and which they had 
inspected in a very particular manner by examining every partic- 
ular Voucher produced by the Overseers for the amount of that 
Sum, & ever}' other Branch of publick Charge all amounting to 
5591,, 17,, 2 by which it appears that when all y e . Taxes Rents 
and Incomes of the Town are in, the Ballance will be 1216,, 2,, 7,, J 
which the Treasurer is fur! her to Account for, as appears by 
the Tryal Ballauce of said Account given in by said Committee & 
on File, which Report and Account being Read 

Voted that the same be accepted. 

[384.] Voted that M r . John Rowe Thomas Greene Esq r . 
M r . Nicholas Boylstone M r . William Cooper & James Boutineau 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1757. 297 

Esq r . be & they hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the 
Accompts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries and also the Accompts of the 
Overseers of the Poor and the said Committee are desired & im- 
powred to inspect every particular Account of the Monies ex- 
pended for the use of the Alms-house and make Report thereon to 
the Town as soon as they have done the same. 

Voted that the Sum of '20 be allowed and paid to Cap 1 . Isaac 
Dupee for his Salary as Clerk of Faneuil-Hall Market the Year 
past. 

Voted that the Meeting be adjourned 'till tomorrow morning 9 
o'Clock. 

Tuesday Morning 9 o'Clock the Inhabitants met according to 
Adjournment. 

Mess. Samuel Treat 

Joseph Dyer 

Edward Potter 

Isaac Fowle 

David Spear 

Edward Cowell 

John Hobbs 

Robert Treat 

Benj a . Barnard Sworn 

Jonathan Jenkins 

were chose Cullers of Staves &c a . for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". William Fail-field Sworn 

John Kneeland Sworn 

Peter Oliver Sworn 

Benj a . Church Sworn 

Samuel Edwards 

Isaac White Sworn 

Daniel Marsh Excused 

John Goldthwait Sworn 

were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing. 

[385.] On a Motion made & seconded, Voted unanimously 
that the Person that shall be choose Clerk of Faneuil-Hall Market 
for the ensuing year be & he hereby is forbidden to buy any Prov- 
isions in said Market other than for his own Family, and if such 
Clerk of the Market be Convicted of the breach of this Order before 
the Selectmen he shall forfeit & loose his Salary from the time of 
such Breach. 

Voted that M r . Thomas Gushing, M r . Oxenbridge Thacher 
Thomas Greene Esq r . M r . Royal Tyler and M r . Benj a . Kent or a 
Major part of them be & they hereby are appointed and impowred 
as a Committee to accommodate in such a manner as they shall 
judge best the Action now depending in the Law between the 
Assessors and the Hon ble . Andrew Oliver Esq r . & others which the 
Town former!} 7 Voted to defend at their Cost, and Report their 
doings thereon to the Town. 

Voted that the Auditors of the Accompts of the Overseers of the 
Poor chose this Meeting be and they hereby are directed and im- 
powred when they shall Audit said Accompts to allow to said Over- 
seers or such of them as shall hereafter advance Monies for the 



298 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

support of the Poor, Interest on all Sums from the time advanc'd 
till the day of payment. 

The Town passed upon the List of Persons qualified to serve as 
Petit Jurors at the Superiour and Inferiour Courts for the County 
of Suffolk and Court of Sessions and proceeded to act thereupon 
as the Law requires. 

Voted that no Person shall be chose a Collector of Taxes for 
the present Year who has heretofore served in that Office, and 
cannot produce Receipts in full from the several Treasurers whom 
he was obliged to pay for the Year 1755. 

Voted that the Sum of twelve pence on the Pound be and hereby 
is allowed to be paid to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors 
of Taxes for the Year ensuing for all such Sums as they shall Col- 
lect provided they pay into the Town Treasury one half part of 
the whole Sum they are obliged to pay [885^.] Him within four 
Months from the time they receive the Tax Hooks from the Asses- 
sors, and the other half part in three Months after, and also pay 
into the Province & County Treasuries one half part of the whole 
Sums they shall be obliged to pay them respectively in seven 
Months from the time the}' shall receive the Tax Books from the 
Assessors as aforesaid, and the other half part in five Months 
after ; and in case either of said Collectors shall fail paying in 
manner aforesaid, the Collector so failing shall not be entitled to 
the aforesaid Allowance of twelve pence on the Pound but wholly 
forfeit the same ; provided also that each of said Collectors give 
Bond with sufficient Sureties to the satisfaction of the Selectmen 
for the faithful discharge of their Duty iu said Office and comply- 
ing with this Vote. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for four Collectors of 
Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeared that 
Mess". John Ruddock 
James Scutt 
Jonathan Pay son 
Samuel Adams 
were chose in',o that Office for the Year ensuing. 

The Petition of John Tilestone setting forth that he had served 
a regular Appi enticeship in one of the Publick Writing Schools in 
this Town, and has for two Years & a half had the favour of being 
appointed Usher in one of them where he now is ; and he having 
at this time just entred on the Stage of Life for himself, finds his 
Board & Expences in it exceed your Grant that was allowed him 
in his Apprenticeship, & humbly praying that the Town would 
allow him what further support they in their Wisdom shall think 
needful, was Read, and thereupon it was Voted that the Sum of 
Fifty Pounds p Annum be & hereby is allowed to said John Tiles- 
ton during the time he shall Officiate as Usher in said School, the 
same to commence from the 12th da}' of February last and to be 
paid him quarterly as it shall become due. 

Cap*. Isaac Dupee was chose Clerk of Faneuil-Hall Market for 
the Year ensuing. 

[386.] Voted unanimously that the Assessors be and hereby 
are impowred to sit 'till the first day of April next and no longer 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1757. 299 

for making an Abatement of the Taxes of such Persons as they 
shall judge reasonable ; saving that they have liberty to sit the 
two last Weeks in November next, to abate (if they see cause) 
the Taxes of all such Persons as shall appear to them to have 
been out of the Province, and so could not have made Application 
to them for an Abatement before said first day of April. 

Ordered that this Vote be immediately Printed, and that the 
Constables leave the same at the Dwelling Houses of such of the 
Inhabitants as are within their respective Wards, that none may 
plead ignorance thereof. 

Voted that the Assessors Report to the Town at the intended 
Adjournment of this Meeting what Abatement of Taxes they 
shall then have made. 

Voted that the Assessors may sit the two last Weeks in Novem- 
ber next to abate (if they see cause) the Taxes of such Persons as 
shall appear to them to have become Bankrupts or have (lied 
between the said first day of April and said time of Sitting, and 
which the Collectors shall have endeavour'd to have got in but 
could not. 

The Town considered of sundry Proposals offered in Writing 
relating to the Dirt in the Streets which are as follows Viz'. Pro- 
posals offered to the Town of Boston relating to the Street Dirt 
March 14: 1757. 

1 st . That the Town do pass a Vote that no Person do carry 
away the Street Dirt unless by the Order of the Selectmen. 

2^. That the Selectmen be directed to divide the Town into 
several Wards & to Farm the same Wards to the highest Bidder 
for one two or more Yearrs. 

3' 7 . The Farmer to be under Obligation to carry away all Dirt 
in his Ward within 24 hours after the same is rak'd up by the 
Abutters. 

4 thly . In case he neglect that he forfeit the Sum of for 

such Default, & the Abutter may procure another Cart to carry 
away the same Dirt at the expence of the Farmer. 

[386 J. ] And after some Debate thereon, Voted that Mess". 
Qxenbridge Thacher Samuel Adams & William Story be & they 
hereby are appointed a Committee to take the same into Consider- 
ation and prepare a By-Law for the better Regulation & Sale 
thereof in such a manner as they shall judge most for the Advan- 
tage of the Town, & Report thereon at the intended Adjournment 
of this Meeting. 

The Petition of a great Number of the Inhabitants setting forth, 
that there is a vacant Peice of Land belonging to the Town in Water 
street that for many Years was occupied only for a Tann heap, as 
it was judged to be of some small advantage to the Poor, Tan 
being brought there from the several Tan Yards that were then near, 
but as those Places are now mostly improved for other uses, .scarce 
any Tan has been put on said vacant Peice of Land for a long 
time, but the same now is and for a considerable time past has 
been a Publick Nusance, many Persons having put quantities of 
Filth, and some emptied their Vaults there, that it is not only very 
inconvenient to the Inhabitants that dwell near, but extreamly 



300 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

offensive especially in the Summer Season, when they have no 
comfort or satisfaction in their own Houses, occasioned by the 
disagreeable Stench arising from this Nusance. The Petitioners 
therefore pray the Town will now take the same into Considera- 
tion, and Order that said vacant Ground be added to Water-Street 
as no other use can be made of it and that the same may be paved 
at the Expence of some of the Inhabitants that live near it ; the 
Petitioners being Inform'd there are some who are willing for their 
own Convenience & Comfort to be at that expence rather than it 
should lay as it does, and by this means the Petitioners apprehend 
said Nusance will be removed, and thereby an Expence saved the 

Town who are liable to be Presented therefor. said Petition 

was Read, and the same being Consider'd of & Debated upon, It 
was Voted that the Prayer of the Petition be granted, & that the 
said Lands heretofore improved as a Tanheap be & hereby is added 
to said Water Street, & for the future to be accounted part 
thereof, provided that it shall appear to the Selectmen that the 
same is the Property of the Town, and also that Cap 1 . James 
Dalton one of the Petitioners give a legal Quit Claim to the Town 
of all his Interest therein (if any he has) and in any [387.] 
Other Lands he has added to said Street ; as also that some of the 
Petitioners or any other Persons give Security to said Selectmen 
that the Land hereby added to said Street shall be soon Paved at 
their expence and to the satisfaction of the Selectmen. 

Samuel Grant Esq r . M r . Thomas Hill Joshua Henshaw and 
Joseph Jackson Esq". M r . Thomas Gushing M r . Samuel Hewes 
and M r . John Scollay appointed by an Act of the General Court 
Managers of Boston Lotteries for raising Monies to Pave & Repair 
the Neck, presented their Account for Lottery Number one drawn 
in August last being as follows viz'. 

To Samuel Grant for timespent in Signing & Numbering Ticketts, 
selling ditto, rolling up the Numbers Blanks & Prizes drawing said 
Lottery, & paying the benefit Ticketts . . . . 18. 

To Thomas Hill for ditto 18,, 12. 

To Joshua Henshaw for ditto 17,, 11. 

To Joseph Jackson for ditto 17,, 8. 

To Thomas Gushing for ditto 18,, 

To Samuel Hewes for ditto 17,, 8 

To John Scollay for ditto 17,, 13,, 9 



124,, 13,, 9. 

which Account being Read, It was unanimously Voted that the 
same be and hereby is accepted. 

The Petition of John Wardel setting forth that he for nine Years 
last past has been employed by the Town as Hayvveigher and as 
such has annually paid into the Town Treasury twenty Pounds 
Lawful money as also the Rent and Repairs of the Hay-Market 
during which time the Petitioner has acted with Fidelity as far as 
he knows ; but of late an Advertisement was put into the public 
Points setting forth in purport that the Petitioner had not done 
justice in weighing of Hay &c a . as in said Print is more fnlly men- 
tioned ; upon reading of which the Petitioner immediately applyed 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1757. 

himself to the Selectmen of the Town and told them that the Scales 
were right as ho apprehended, excepting that the weights by reason 
of their being wore were something too light; whereupon the Gen- 
tlemen Selectmen Ordered him to carry them to the Sealer to have 
them Bectifyed which Orders were immediately obeyed and the 
wantage in the whole number of weights was a pound and three 
ounces for which the Petitioner was wont to make [38 7^.] Al- 
lowance but the Gentlemen Selectmen directly dismiss'd the Peti- 
tioner as Hay-weigher and took the keys from him . . . Now 
in as much as the Petitioner has for many Years past got his Live- 
lihood by Acting as Hay-weigher and has ever Acted with Integrity 
in said Office, begs that he may not be turned out without having 
the least Notice, and only by means of an Advertisement zealously 
Worded for the good of the Town or rather of the Advertizcr, that 
the Petitioner did not know that it was his Buisness to get 
the Weights Sealed but that the Gentlemen the Selectmen would 
direct and inspect into that Affair as occasion might Offer ; but if 
the Petitioner had been guilty of any inadvertancy (which he is 
ignorant of) he hopes to be more Attentive for the future and in 
all Respects comply with the directions and injunctions of the 
Town or Selectmen touching the said Hay-maker, wherefore he 
prays the Town to take the Premisses into their wise Consideration 
and restore him to the Office of Hay-weigher again, and if upon 
Tryal he does not the reasonable expectations of the Town he will 
chearfully submit to their determination, was Read, as also the 
Petition of sundry Inhabitants to prevent uny Person's Engrossing 
of I lay bro't to Market for Sale ; and the Town took said Petitions 
into Consideration, and after some Debate 'thereon, Voted that the 
Selectmen be and they hereby are directed & impowred to appoint 
such Person as they shall think proper to weigh Hay at said 
Engine, & on such Terms as they shall judge best & from time 
to t;me give all necessary directions and orders concerning it, and 
take such Security from the Hay weigher as shall by them be 
thought reasonable. Also Voted that no Person that shall be ap- 
pointed by the Selectmen to weigh Hay at said Engine, shall pur- 
chase or engross any Hay brought to Market for Sale either by 
Land or Water but for his own use, and when it shall appear to 
the satisfaction of the Selectmen that he has so done they are 
desired immediately to dismiss him. 

Voted that this Meeting be and hereby is Adjourned to Friday 
the 15 : of April next at nine o'Clock in the forenoon. 

The Town met according to their Adjournment & upon a motion 
made & Seconded Voted that this Meeting be further Adjourned 
to Wednesday the '20 th . Instant at 3 o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

[388.] Wednesday April 20: 1757 The Town met according 
to their Adjournment. 

Benjamin Prat Ksq r . and the other Gentlemen appointed a Com- 
mittee the 14 : March last to apply to the General Court &c pre- 
sented to the Town a Copy of the Petition the\- preferr'd to said 
Court & is as follows viz'. 

To his IIon-.;ur Spencer Phips Esq r . Lieu*. Governour and Com- 
mander in Chief of said Province the Hon ble Council and House 



302 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

of Representatives in General Court Assembled March 30 th . 
1757. 

The Petition of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston. Hum- 
bly shews. 

That the Power of the Assessors to ease Persons by abateing 
their Taxes seems by a paragraph of the Province Act of the 
fourth of George the second, Chapter the first to be restrained to 
only such cases as where such Persons are Rated more than their 
Proportion with others. 

That besides a great Number of Poor in Boston who are either 
wholly or in part maintained by the Town, & so are exempt from 
being Taxed, there are many who are Rateable according to Law 
either for their Polls or Tenements that they occupy or both, who are 
yet in such poor Circumstances that considering how little Buisness 
there is to be done in Boston they can scarcely procure from day 
to day daily Bread for themselves and Families, at the same time 
so heavy are the Taxes in Boston that each of such Persons pro- 
portion thereof for the Tenement wherein he lives will amount to a 
sufficiency to pay not only all Taxes but Rent too for a Tenement 
of equal goodness in most of the other Towns in this Province. 
These peculiar Circumstances have induced the Assessors of the 
Town of Boston to ease many of such persons by abateing their 
Taxes, th6 realy they were not assessed at more than their legal 
proportion, and their Abatements for the Year 1755 amounted 
to 1460, and such Abatements for the Year 1756 already 
amount to 1950 more : that these Abatements in these two Years 
amount to much more than was at all expected, and some Con- 
tingent Town. Charges have also unexpectedly happened so that 
the Fund appropriated in the Town Treasury for making good 
Abatement's is outrun, and the Town on [388J.] It's own Ac- 
count much in Debt even exclusive of these Defficiencies this 
situation is peculiarly alarming to your Petitioners as by means 
thereof there is not any fund in the Town Treasury for paying the 
Town Charges, all the Servants of the Town are unpaid, & many 
of them greatly suffering for want of their Dues ; 

The Poor suported either wholly or in part by the Town in the 
Alms-house and out of it will amount to the Number of about one 
thousand cannot longer be supported, as in Effect both the Money 
and Credit of this Town by the means abovementioned gone ; 
And may it please your Honours your Petitioners apprehend 
that without your Honours Aid they can never be releived, 
for on the one hand it seems to be doubtful whether the Town has 
legal Power to Tax the Inhabitants to make good the present 
Defficiences arising upon Abatements if not Warranted by Law, 
especially the amount being so large, and the great Mischiefs of 
making so large a Tax as these Defficiences amount to that is 
open to disputes and altercations your Honours will readily see. & 
on the other hand such a Tax would be an escesive Burthen on a 
Town that by loss of its Trade, loss of its People and increase of 
its Poor and load of Taxes is brought to the brink of utter Ruin ; 
For, may it please your Honours, 'tis notorious that the Province 
exclusive of this Town is greatly increased in Numbers Trade and 



BOSTON TOWN KECORD, 1757. 303 

Rateable Estates within 20 Years last past ; while in the mean 
time the Trade and Rateable Polls of this declining Town within 
that Period are reduced near one half, and yet its proportion of 
the Tax is nearly the same as in its flourishing State ; and as this 
Malencholly situation of this Town has been often Remonstrated 
to your Honours, your Petitioners confide in your goodness that 
they shall obtain Releif in that respect as soon as a Valuation can 
be taken through the Province, and be intitled to a considerable 
Allowance at the least for the Year 1756 pursuant to the Resolve 
of your Honours on the ninth day of April last Viz*. 

'That the proportion of the several Towns and Districts to- 
wards the Tax for the Year 1756 or any other Year, before a new 
Valuation shall be compleated shall be finally adjusted & settled 
according to the Proportion which the several Towns and Districts 
within this Province shall be set in the next valuation." 

[389.] And as the Valuation is not yet taken, & that Allow- 
ance cannot be adjusted, and your Petitioners distresses call for 
immediate Relief Your Petitioners humbly pray your Honours 
would be pleased to authorize the Town by Vote in Town Meeting 
to raise by a Tax on the Polls & Estates of the Town the Sum of 
3410 or more if necessary to supply the defficiency arising from 
the Abatements aforesaid, and that your Honours in order to 
supply the present Necessities and give your Petitioners present 
Relief would further please to indulge the Town with the benefit 
and use of the like Sum of 3410 out of the Province Tax appor- 
portioned to this Town for the Year 1756 and dispence with their 
paying the same to the Province Treasury untill the Valuation 
shall be taken & this Town's Proportion be thereupon adjusted, or 
otherwise releive your Petitioners as your Wisdom & Goodness 
shall direct, which was Read. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, It was Voted that the Com- 
mittee appointed the 14 of March last to apply to the General 
Court to enable the Town to raise by Tax on the Inhabitants such 
a Sum of Money as should be needful to make up the Defficiencies 
of the Years 1755 & 1756 occasioned by an Abatement of the 
Taxes of Persons unable to pay them ; and also for any other Re- 
lief the said Committee shall think necessary, be & they hereby are 
further impowred to consider of any other Methods that they may 
judge proper in order to obtain Relief as to the proportion of the 
Publick Taxes, and to prefer any Pclitiou or Petitions to the Gen- 
eral Court 1'rom time to time as the said Committee may think 
effectual for those Purposes. 

Also Voted that the; Article in the Warrant relating to this Affair 
be & hereby is rcferr'd to the Meeting in May next for further 
Consideration. 

The Committee appointed the 14 th of March last to Consider of 
sundry proposals offered in Writing relating to the Dirt in the 
Streets, & prepare a By-Law for the better Regulation & Sale 
thereof, Report that they have considered of said Proposals & are 
of Opinion thnt they are beneficial to the Town, and that the 
Method therein propos'd will both contribute to keep the Streets 
cleaner than heretofore they have been., and also produce some 



304 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Monies by the [389.] Dirt, but as the Town have already Voted 
to Revise all their B^-Laws, and the Committee who have them 
under Consideration will (as they are Informed) be ready to Re- 
port thereon at the next May Meeting, and as the subject matter 
of said proposals may be easier comprized among other By-Laws, 
then by a single By-Law, for these Reasons they have not drawn 
a By-Law but report that the Town do Instruct said Committee 
for revising their By-Laws to Insert among them one for the pur- 
pose abovementioned. which being Read, Voted that said Report be 
accepted, and that the Committee appointed for revising the By- 
Laws of the Town be and hereby are Instructed & directed to pre- 
pare & Report a By-Law relating to the Dirt in the Streets and 
for the Regulation and Sale thereof. 

Voted that all Matters & Things that remain unfinished be & 
they hereby are referred & continued over to the Meeting of the 
Town in May next to be then taken into Consideration & Acted 
upon. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby is given to 
John Phillips Esq r . the Moderator for transacting the Buisness of 
this Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was dismiss'd. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in Public Town Meet- 
ing Assembled at Faneuil-Hall on Tuesday the tenth day of 
May A D 1757. 

Prayer was made by the Rev'd. Mr. Thomas Prince. 

The Precept & Warrant for calling the Meeting. Read. 

Sundry Laws. Read. 

Samuel Grant Esq r one of the Selectmen proposed in their Name 
to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the [39O.] Choice of 
one or more Persons to represent them in the Great and General 
Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday the 25 th 
day of May current, and in order therto, to consider & ascertain 
the number of Gentlemen to be elected, accordingly It was Voted 
to proceed to the choice of four Representatives, and then it was 
declared by the Selectmen that no Votes should be received after 
twelve o'Clock, but the Poll then closed. 

The Votes being Collected, the Number of voters were found to 
be 528, and upon Sorting them it appeared that the three following 
Gentlemen only were chose viz 1 . 

Votes 

The hon ble Thomas Hubbard Esq r . 444 

Thomas Flucker Esq r . 500 

Benjamin Prat Esq r . 447 

Which being declared the Inhabitants were directed to bring in 
their Votes for one Representative, which they accordingly did, & 
it appeared there were 491 Voters, but upon sorting them there was 
no Choice. The Selectmen then directed that this Meeting be 
Adjourned to three o'Clock in the Afternoon for the choice of 
another Representatives, at the same time informing the Inhab- 
itants that the Poll would be closed precisely at four o'Clock and 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1757. 305 

no Votes received after, and said Meeting is adjourned accord- 
ingly. 

Three o'Clock in the Afternoon, the Inhabitants Assembled and 
brought in their Votes for one Representative and upon Collecting 
them it appeared there were 754 Voters, & that 

M r John Tyng 

was chose by a Majority of Votes having 401 

and Samuel Welles Esq r had 349 

The Election of Representatives being over the same was de- 
clared by the Selectmen. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Moder- 
ator, and upon Sorting them it appeared that Benj a Prat Esq r was 
chose, & he having taken the Oath required by an Act of this 
Province relating to his receiving and paying Bills of Credit of the 
Governments of Connecticut New Hampshire & Rhode Island ; 
took his Seat. 

[39O.] The Petitions Read. 

The Petition of sundry Freeholders and Inhabitants setting 
forth that about thirty Years ago the Town erected several wooden 
Shops on the North side of Faneuil Hall Market and have ever 
since Rented them out, during which time large Sums of Money 
have been expended to keep them in Repair, that they are now so 
much gone to decay as to be scarce tenautable, and as your Mem- 
orialists are informed, there must be immediate & thorough Re- 
pairs made of them, which if done will amount to a very consider- 
able Sum of Money & its probable in a few Years after, will want 
other Repairs so that the Rent thereof will not be equal to the 
Repairs ; which all must allow to be a very bad Estate as upon the 
whole it will bring the Town in Debt as long as said Shops are 
there 

Your Memorialists would also inform that the open Dock behind 
said Shops is become very nauseous & offensive to all the Inhabi- 
tants that live near, & to the Merchants and others who have 
AVarchouses on the Dock, and obliged to do their Business in them ; 
and aa the keeping of said Dock open, is not of the least benefit 
(that your Memorialists know of) to any Inhabitants, but if fill'd 
up will remove the disagreeable Stench arising from it ; as also by 
this means there will be :i large commodious Square to accomodate 
the Market People who have tor some Years so fiT.ed up the Streets 
and every other Place round the Publick Market that it is become 
an intolerable Grev'muce to the Inhabitants, & has been & still is 
Matter of just Complaint ; it may also be of great benefit in case of 
Fire to receive any Goods the Inhabitants may have occasion to 
remove there and in many other Respects will be a great service 
to the Town. 

Your Memorialists therefore upon the whole pray that the Town 
will take the Premisses into Consideration and Ordsr that said 
Shops may be removed or demolish'd & said Dock fill'd up so far & 
in such a manner as shall be judged best, without any prejudice to 
the Proprietors that have a right of Drains &c a . to said Dock ; 
[391.] Was Read, and after some debate thereon it was mov'd 
that a Committee be chose to consider of said Petition & Report 



306 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

thereon, and the Question being put it was Voted in the Negative, 
and then a Question was put whether said Petition so far as it 
relates to demolishing the Shops or Buildings be dismissed, and it 
passed in the Affirmative ; And then it was mov'd & seconded that 
a Question be put, whether a Committee shall be chose to enquire 
into the Rights of the Town to the Dock, and the Right of the 
Abutters thereon, and whether it is expedient to fill up any part 
of the Dock, and how much thereof, and the Question being accord- 
ingly put it passed in the Affirmative, & thereupon It was Voted 
that Thomas Greene Esq r . M r . Benj a . Kent, Cap'. Isaac White & 
M r . William Fairfield and Jeremiah Greene Esq". be a Committee 
for those Purposes, they are desired to Report thereon as soon as 
may be. 

The Petition of John Hill Esq r . setting forth that he hired of the 
Town the East side of the Neck by a Lease commencing the first 
day of March AD 1749 and for the Term of Thirty one Years upon 
certain Conditions on his part as set forth in said Lease, all of 
which he has hitherto faithfully complyed with. 

And upon the Petitioners first undertaking this Affair he com- 
puted the Cost and then apprehended it would amount to about 
two hundred Pounds L. M. in which he had the concurring Opinion 
of his Friends and many other Gentlemen of undoubted good judg- 
ment in those Affairs. however after he had engaged in Building 
the Dam he was soon convinced that the expence would arise to a 
much higher Sum, but was then obliged to go on or lose what he 
had by that time laid out upon it. 

The Petitioner look'd upon himself bound in honour to the 
faithful performance of this weighty Contract however expensive 
it might prove & therefore spared no necessary Cost in Building 
the Dam so as that it might not only serve to his own Advantage 
during the Lease, but also to the Town forever after, this he did 
with the more chearfullness as he would not possibly allow himself 
to [391.J Think they would suffer him to be greatly hurt much 
less Ruin'd by an undertaking in which he was sincerely consious 
of his having at heart not barly his own private benefit but theirs 
too. The Dam is now compleat and the Petitioner presumes is as 
well finished as is possible, it has stood the Shocks of two Winters, 
the last perhaps as Stormy as any one can remember and yet remain 
undisturbed the Expence is very near 650 lawful money which 
boing so much mere than the Original Calculation has drawn away 
that Stock which the Petitioner should have reserved for his Capital 
Buisness & compleated his Misfortunes. 

The Petitioner has further to say, that in Building this Dam he 
has taken in double the Quantities of Land be was by Contract 
obliged to which any one will easily perceive will hereafter be ot 
Advantage to the Town in proportion to his extraordinary Expence 
& Trouble. 

And upon the whole it is the prayer of the Petitioner that the 
Town would candidly consider his unfortunate Circumstances and 
as he is now out of ail Capacity of fullfilling the remaining Condi- 
tions of his Bargain, that they would release him & allow him such 
a Sum for his Expence as shall be thought adequate to it, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1757. 307 

The Petitioner has it not in his power now to serve the Town as 
he has for a course of Years heretofore chearfully done yet for 
their best prosperity he ever prays, was Read & thereupon It was 
Voted that Thomas Flucker Esq r . M r . Royal Tyler and Doctor 
William Clark be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to 
consider of said Petition and Report what is best for the Town to 
do thereon. 

The Article in the Warrant viz', whether the Assessors ma}* be 
allowed to sit to make Abatement of Taxes at any other time than 
they were impowred to do by the Vote passed in March last, was 
taken into Consideration & thereupon It was Voted that the Asses- 
sors do not sit to make Abatement of Taxes at any other time than 
that mentioned in the Vote passed in March last. 

[392.] Voted that the Sum of Five Thousand Pounds Lawful 
money be raised by a Tax upon Polls & Estates within this Town 
for the Relief of the Poor, and defreying other necessaiy Charges 
arising within the Town the Year ensuing. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred and twenty Pounds be 
allowed & paid unto M r . Peleg Wiswall for his Salary as Master 
of the North Grammar School for the ensuing Year the same to be 
paid him quarterly, and to commence at the expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum or One hundred & twenty Pounds be allowed 
& paid unto M r . John Lovel for his Salary as Master of the South 
Grammar School the ensuing Year the same to be paid him quar- 
terly, & to commence at the expiration of the last quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . Abia Holbrook for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in the Common the Year ensuing to be paid him quarterly 
& to commence at the expiration of the kst Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . Zach a . Hicks for his Salary as Master of the North Writ- 
ing School, to be paid him quarterly, and to commence at the Ex- 
piration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . Samuel Holyoke for his Salary as one of the Masters of the 
Writing School in Queen Street the ensuing Year to be paid him 
quarterly & to commence at the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed & paid unto 
M r . John Procter for his Salary as one of the Masters of the Writ- 
ing School in Queen Street the ensuing Year, to be paid quarterly, 
& to commence at the expi ration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and paid uoto 
M r . Nathaniel Gardner for his Salary as Usher of the South Gram- 
mar School, the ensuing Year to be paid Quarterly & to commence 
at the expiiation of the last Quarter, 

[393$.] Voted that the Sum of Fifty Poundc be allowed & 
paid unto M r . John Vinal for his Salary as Usher of the Writing 
School in the Common for the ensuing Year to be paid him Quar- 
terly & to commence the first day of June next. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed & paid 



308 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

unto M r . David Jeffries for his Services as Treasurer of the Town 
the year past, & for all his Expeuces in that Office. 

The Committee appointed the 14 th . of March last to accomodate 
in such a manner as they should judge best, the Action now de- 
pending in the Law between the Assessors & the Hon ble . Andrew 
Oliver Esq r . and others which the Town formerly Voted to Defend 
at their Cost, now reported that they had attended that Service 
and have met the Assessors and plaintiffs aforesaid, and on the 
whole have agreed with Andrew Oliver Esq r . & others that at the 
sitting of the next Superiour Court the Order of the General Court 
made respecting the Action between the said Andrew Oliver and 
others & William Fairfield & others shall be complied with & 
the said Andrew Oliver & others are then to become Nonsuit 
and are to be refunded the Sum taken from them by distress being 
Two Pounds five shillings for which this Action was brought and 
each Party bear their own Costs ; And we further Report that we 
are of Opinion that to prevent any dispute of the like kind with 
the said Oliver and others that the Sum of Twenty one Pounds 
seventeen shillings and eleven pence being the amount of what 
they were Rated for on Account of William Thompson Esq r . for 
the Years 1746, 1747, 1748, 1749, 1750, 1751, 1752, be refunded 
to said Oliver and others ; which was Read & Accepted and Voted 
that the said Andrew Oliver Esq r . be refunded & paid the several 
Sums mentioned in said Report accordingly. 

Voted that Andrew Oliver jun r . Esq r . be & hereby is Added to 
the Committee appointed the 14 : of March last to apply to the 
General Court to enable the Town to raise by a Tax such a iSum 
as will be necessary to make up the Defflciencies of the Years 1 755 
and 175G and for other Relief & C a . 

[393.] The Selectmen appointed a Committee the 11 th . of 
May last to Visit the Schools now made the following Report 
Viz'. 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
in Town Meeting Assembled May 10 th . 1757. 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Meeting the 
11 th . of May last desiring the Selectmen to Visit the Public 
. Schools, and Invite such Gentlemen to accompany them therein 
as they should think proper, do now Report. 

That on the 25 th day of June last, We attended that Service, 
accompanied by the following Gentlemen. 
The Hon ble . John Osborne Esq r . 
Richard Bill p:sq r . 
Stephen Sewall Esq r . 
Joseph Pyncheon Esq r . & 
John Erving Esq r . 

The Gent n . the Representatives of the Town of Boston. 
The Gentlemen the Overseers of the Poor. 
The Rev 4 . D r . Sewall 

D r . Chauncey 
M r . Pemberton 
M r . Mather 
M r . Eliot 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1757. 309 

M r . Checklej 

M r . Treasurei Gray 

Joshua Win slow "*) 

Dan 1 . Henchman 

John Steele I F _ 

Tho 9 . Hancock 

James Bowdoin & 

Tho 8 . Greene J 

M r . John Rowe 

M r . John Spooner 

M r . Will. Cooper & 

M r . Treas r . Jeffries. 

And found in the South Grammar School there was 128 Scholars, 
in the South Writing School 224 Scholars, in the Writing 
School in Queen Street 180 Scholars, in the North Grammar 
School 32 Scholars, & in the North Writing School 225 Scholars, 
all in very good Order. 

Read & Accepted, & Voted that the Gentlemen the Selectmen ba 
and they hereby are desired to Visit the Schools this present Year, 
& invite such Gent n . to accompany them as they shall think 
proper. 

Voted that this Meeting he & hereby is Adjourned to Wednes- 
the 22 d . of June next at three' o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

[393-i.] Wednesday June 22 d . three o'Clock in the Afternoon, 
the Inhabitants met according lo their Adjournment, and upon a 
Motion made and Seconded ; It was Voted that this Meeting bo 
and hereby is Adjourned to Monday the first day of August next, 
at three o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

Monday the first day of August three o'Clock in the Afternoon 
the Inhabitants met according to their Adjournment. 

The Committee appointed the tenth of May last, on the Memo- 
rial of sundry Freeholders & Inhabitants for filling up the Town 
l-oc-k &c a . Reported that they had Examined the Town's Right in 
the Dock aforesaid, and also of the Abutters thereon ; and find 
that the Town has a good Right in & unto the said Dock, and 
that the Abutters thereon, have a Right to Dockage Wharffage 
and Moorage there ; so that the Town has no Right to fill up said 
Dock, and if the Town have that Right, they are of Opinion lhat 
it will not be for the Interest of the Town to fill up said Dock, 
either in the whole or in any part; which Report being Read, It 
was Voted that the same be, and hereby is Accepted. 

Whereas the Town at their Meeting the eleventh of May 1756 
Voted that the Selectmen be desired to Employ some Persons 
learned in the Law, to Revise and alter all the By Laws of the 
Town then in force, in such manner as they should judge most 
Beneficial to the Town &c a . The Selectmen now Reported that Pur- 
suant to said Vote they had Employed Benj a . Prat Esq r . and M r . 
Oxenbridge Thacher, two Gentlemen learned in the Law on that 
Service, and that they had accordingly gone through the Revisal of 
all the By Laws and Orders of the Town, and made sundry Altera- 
tions and Additions to them, all which the Selectmen, were now 
ready to present to the Town ; Whereupon said By Laws and 



310 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Orders as Revised & Altered were distinctly and seperately Read, 
and some further Alterations being made by the Town : The Free- 
holders and Inhabitants after mature Consideration thereof, Voted 
that said By Laws and Orders be and hereby are Accepted & 
[394.] Passed as the By-Laws and Orders of the Town for the 
future Regulation and Government thereof. 

The By-Laws & Orders as now passed & Voted, being as fol- 
lows. Viz 1 . 

CHAPTER THE FIRST. 

For preventing Danger by Fire, in the Town of Boston. 

It is Voted and Ordered that the Selectmen for the time being, 
upon Complaint to them made or otherwise upon their own knowl- 
edge, of any defective Chimuies in this Town, shall from time to 
time take effectual Care to have the same Viewed and Surveyed by 
proper Persons, by them for that purpose to be appointed, and if 
upon the view & survey, said Chimnies shall be found so defective, 
as in their Judgment to be dangerous to be used on Account of 
Fire ; the Selectmen shall make a Record thereof, and of the par- 
ticulars of the Defect or Defects, and give to the Occupier of the 
House or Tenement to which the Defective Chimney belongs a 
Copy of said Entry, with Warning not to make any Fire in such 
Chimney, 'till said Defect or Defects are curved either by Amend- 
ing repairing or rebuilding said Chimney, thereupon if the Occu- 
pant of such Tenement shall suffer a Fire to be made and kept in 
said Chimne} 7 , In-fore said Chimney be cured of such Defect or 
Defects, such Occupant shall forfeit and pay the Sum of five shil- 
lings for every day in which a Fire shall be so made and kept. 

And if the Occupant of auy House or Tenement shall neglect or 
refuse for the s[>ace of twenty four hours after Request, to suffer 
such persons appointed as aforesaid, to vievv & survey any Chim- 
ney suspected of being defective as aforesaid, such Occupant shall 
forfeit & pay for such Offence the Sum of fifteen shillings, and so 
from time to time the same Sum for every such Offence as often as 
the same shall be Committed. 

And it is further Ordered that the Selectmen of the Town for 
the time being be hereby directed & impowred from time to time 
to appoint one or more suitable Persons to be Sweepers of Chim- 
nies within this Town whose Wages for their Work and Service 
shall not exceed the Rates hereafter mentioned Viz'. 

[394:|] For each Chimney of live Stories high one shilling 
& four pence. 

For each Chimney of four Stories high one shilling & two 
pence. 

For each Chimney of three Stories high one shilling. 

And other Common Chimuies eight pence. 

And all Kitchen Chimnies that are above the Tops of the House 
they belong to in proportion to the heighth of the Mouse at the 
Rate above. 

And it is further Ordered that if any Person who is not so ap- 
pointed as aforesaid, shall presume either by himself or Servant, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1757. 311 

to undertake the Sweeping of any Chimney in this Town, except 
such Chimney or Chimnies as as are under his or their own Im- 
provement, such Person shall forfeit & pay the Sum of ten shil- 
lings for every such Offence. 

And it is further Ordered that all Persons so appointed by the 
Selectmen to be the Undertakers of Chimney Sweepiug shall be 
Obliged within forty eight Hours (after Notice given, either by 
themselves, or some other proper Person) duly to attend the 
Sweeping of such Chimney on Penalty of forfeiting ten shillings 
for every such Neglect. 

And it is further Ordered that upon Complaint made to any of 
the Selectmen, either by the Chimney Sweepers, or by any other 
of the Inhabitants of this Town, against any Person or Persons 
neglecting to have their Chimnies Swept being foul, that in every 
such Case, the Selectmen, or any two of them, are hereby Im- 
powred to inspect and view such Chimney Complain'd of as afore- 
said ; And if they judge the said Chimnies or any of them unsafe 
to make or keep Fire therein, by reason of their being foul and 
want of Sweeping, and signify the same to the Person or Persons, 
then in possession of the Tenement to which such Chimney doth 
belong, that then and every such Case the Occupier of every such 
House or Tenement shall forfeit & pay the Sum of five shillings 
for every day in which Fire shall be kept in such Chimney untill the 
same shall be sufficiently Swept; and if the Occupant of any House 
or Tenement shall neglect or refuse for the space of twenty four 
Hours after Request to suffer the Selectmen aforesaid to view and 
survey any Chimnies suspected of being foul as aforesaid ; such 
Occupant shall forfeit and pay for such Offence the Sum of fifteen 
[395.] Shillings, and so from time to time, the same Sura for 
every such Offence, as often as the same shall be Committed. 

And it is further Ordered that if any Chimney shall take Fire 
and blaze out at the Top, through foulness, 01 for want of Sweep- 
ing, the Occupier of the Tenement shall forfeit and pay the Sum 
of twenty shillings ; unless it shall happen within forty two days 
after said Chimney shall have been swept, & then, and in such 
Case, the Person who last Swept the same, or in case of his being 
a servant or a Slave, his Master or Owner shall forfeit and pay the 
aforesaid twenty shillings. 

And it is further Ordered that no Persons shall presume here- 
after, to carry Fire in this Town abroad, or in and through the 
open Air, from any House or Place, to any other House or Place, 
but in a Warming Pan or other safe Vessell well Covered, so as to 
secure the Fire from the Wind, and from being Scattered by the 
Way, or in the Streets and Lanes, or on the Buildings, on the 
Penalty & forfeiture of two shillings. 

And it is further Ordered that whoever shall kindle or make, or 
be aiding and assisting in making or kindling, in the Open Air 
within two Rods of any House Warehouse Wood- Pile or any other 
Combustible Matter, subject to take Fire (except in Shipwrights 
Building Yards, Coopers and Ropemalcers Works, a careful Person 
standing by to watch the same) shall forfeit and pay the Sum of 
twelve shillings. 



312 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

Provided the Order last aforesaid shall not be understood to de- 
bar any Tradesman or others from kindling Charcoal in a Pot or 
Pan out of Doors near his House or Shop at any time during the 
day light, in Case some careful Person shall stand by the same to 
watch it, as long as it shall continue in the open Street, but not 
otherwise. 

And it is further Ordered that no Coopers within this Town shall 
fire or burn their Casks in any shop Warehouse or other Place, than 
hi a sufficient Brick or Stone Chimney made convenient for that 
-se on Penalty of forfeiting the Sum of ten shillings for every 
Offence contrary to this Order. 

And it is further Ordered that no Person shall henceforth make 
and fire any Lime Kiln, or erect or burn any [395|-.] Brick Kiln, 
but in such Place and Places as the Selectmen for the time being 
shall approve and allow of, on Penalty of twenty shillings to be 
paid by every Person transgressing this Order. 

CHAPTER THE SECOND. 

Concerning the Streets and Lanes Nusances therein, and the Dirt 

thereof. 

It is Voted and Ordered that no Person henceforth shall break 
or digg up the Ground in any of the Streets and Lanes of this 
Town on an_y occasion, without the leave & approbatoin of two at 
least of the Selectmen for the time being, and whoever shall offend 
herein, shall forfeit the Sum of twenty shillings, and whoever shall 
obtain such leave shall cause the Holes in the Ground, to be every 
Night carefully covered, so as no Person walking the Streets may 
be in danger of falling in, and shall also within such time as the 
said Selectmen shall appoint cause the whole to be repaired and 
amended, on Penalty of either of those two last mentioned Offences 
of the like Sum of twenty shillings, these several Penalties to be 
forfeited by the Person by whose direction the Ground is so broke 
up. 

And it further Ordered that no Person whosoever shall carry 
any Dirt, Dung, Garbidge, Dead Carcass, Carrion, Shavings, Soil 
or Rubbish from their Houses Shops or Yards to lay the same in 
the Streets or Lanes of this Town on Penalty of four shillings for 
every dead Carcass or Carrion so laid, and three shillings for any 
other Dirt or Annoyance that shall lye above the space of six 
Hours. 

And it is further Ordered that when any of the Inhabitants of 
this Town shall be Building or Repairing their Houses or digging 
Cellars Wells or Vaults, they shall carefully lay their Timber and 
other Materials, so as they shall be no Obstruction to Carts and 
other Conveyances passing by & shall remove all the Rubbish and 
Dirt brought out: And no Timber so brought, or Dirt or Rubbish 
so carried out, shall in any Case remain above the Space of twenty 
four Hours, in any part of the Street, without leave from two 
Selectmen at the least nor longer [396.] Without the leave of the 
Major part of the Selectmen : And the Person Building or Repair- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1757. 313 

ing or Digging shall be deemed the Offender in any of these Par- 
ticulars, and shnll for each Offence forfeit Ihe Sura of ten shillings. 

And it is further Ordered that henceforth no Cart Dray Trucks 
or Sled, drawn by either Horse or Horses, Horse & Oxen, shall be 
suffered to pass through any of tho Streets or Lanes of this Town, 
but with a sufficient Driver, who shall during such Passage, keep 
with his said Cart Dray Trucks or Sled, and carefully observe aud 
attend such Methods, as may best serve to keep said Horse or 
Horses or Oxen under Command, and shall have the Thill Horse by 
the head ; and whatsoever Carter or others, undertaking to drive 
any Cart Dray Trucks or Sled shall during such passing through 
the Streets and Lanes as aforesaid, either Ride in said Cart Dray 
Trucks or Sled, or otherwise neglect to observe and attend the 
Rules prescribed in this Order ; such Carter Driver or Owner of 
such Cart Dray Trucks or Sled shall forfeit and pay the Sum of 
eight shillings for every such offence. 

And it is further Ordered that no Slay shall be drove in the 
Streets of this Town without Bells fastned to the Horses that 
draw the same, and whoever shall offend herein shall forfeit the 
sum of ten shillings for every Offence. 

Great Dangers arising oftentimes from Coaches Slays Chairs 
and other Carriages on the Lord's days, as the People are goir.g 
to, or coming from the several Churches in this Town, being 
driven with great Rapidity, and the Publick Worship being often- 
times much disturbed by such Carriages driving by the sides of the 
Churches with great forte in time thereof 

It is therefore Voted and Ordered that no Coach Slay Chair 
Chaise or other Carriage shall at such times, be driven at a greater 
Rate than a foot Pace, on Penalty to the Master of the Slave or 
Servant so driving the Sum of ten shillings. 

And it is further Ordered that no Person whatsoever shall 
hereafter erect or set up any House of Office or Easement, within 
this Town (or suffer the same to continue being already standing 
or set up) within forty foot of any Street Lane or Highway, or the 
Dwelling House Shop or Well of any Neighbour unless the same be 
vaulted six fc-et deep, and sufficiently enclosed, or otherwise 
[396-^.] Secured on Pain of forfeiting the Sum of twcnt}' 
shillings for every transgression of this Order, and the like Sum 
ol' twenty shillings for every three Months it shall to continue ; nor 
sliall any Person keep any Hogg or Swine it any Hoggsty within 
i wenty foot of any Highway Street or Lane or Alley, or the Dwelling 
House or Shop of any Neighbour, on Penalty of ten shillings for 
every Month such Hogg or Swine shall be k< pt and continued in 
such Sty, unless in such Placrs where the Dung or Filth runs into 
the Sea or Saltwater. 

And it is further Ordered that whoever shall nt any time here- 
after use the exercise of playing or kicking of Foot- Ball within 
any of the Streets or Lanes within the Body of this Town 
shall forfeit and pay the Sum of four shillings for every 
such Offence ; nor shall any Person throw or heave any Snow- 
Balls or Stones or any other thing at any Person in the Streets 
Lanes ov Alleys of this Town or into or against: any House or Shop, 



314 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

on Pain of forfeiting not more than five shillings, nor less than two 
shillings for each Offence, at the Discretion of the Justice before 
whom the Conviction shall be. 

And it is further Ordered, that no Person whatsoever shall at 
any time hereafter Ride, or drive a Gallop, or other swift Pace, 
within any of the Streets Lanes or Alleys of this Town on Penalty 
of forfeiting the Sum of five shillings for every such Offence, and 
it shall be lawful for any Inhabitant of this Town to stop suoli 
Horse until the Name of the Offender be known. 

And it is further Ordered that whoever shall drive through any 
of the Streets or Lanes of this Town any Trucks whose sides 
exceed the length of sixteen feet, shall forfeit and pay a fine often 
shillings for every such Offence. 

And it is further Ordered that every Driver who in his Cart or 
Trucks shall carry more than one Ton weight at a Lo;td, through 
any of the aforesuid Streets or Lanes shall pay a Fine of five 
shillings for every such Offence. 

And it is further Ordered that the Tire of Wheels of all Carts 
and Trucks, that shall be drawn by more than one Horse shall be 
full four inches in breadth, & the Nails of the Tire to be flatt on 
Pain of the forfeiture of the Sum of ten shillings for every time 
the said Cart or Trucks shall be improved in this Town, [397.] 
To be paid by the Owner of the said Cart or Trucks, who shall be 
deemed the Offender in any of the cases aforesaid. 

For the more effectual keeping Clean the Streets for Lhe time to 
come. 

It is Voted and Ordered that the Selectmen for the time to come 
do Farm the Dirt in the Streets, divided into several Wards, to the 
highest bidder, for i. term not exceeding two Years, such Farmer 
to pay such Sum as shall be agreed on between him and the Se- 
lectmen, said Farmer to enjoy the Privileges, and be subject to 
the Duties and Penalties respecting the same Dirt herein after- 
mentioned. 

And it is further Ordered, that in Places where the Dirt shall be 
Farmed, no other Person than the Farmer or his Servants shall 
carry off the Dirt or Mud from such Streets, unless as hereafter 
provided, on Penalty of the Sum of ten shillings to the respective 
Farmers to be paid by every Person offending. 

And it is further Ordered that the Abutters shall be obliged on 
Notice from the Scaviugers to rake up the Dirt before their Doors, 
and to the middle of Street within four hours tifter Notice on 
Penalty of the Sum of four shillings for every Breach of this 
Order. 

And it is further Ordered that the Farmer shall be Obliged to 
carry such Dirt out of the Street within twenty fours Hours after 
it is so raked tip, in default thereof he shall forfeit the Sum of ten 
shillings to the Abutter whose Dirt is not carried away, and the 
Abuttcr may on such Default, cause the same Dirt to be carried 
away, by any other Curt, nt the Kxpence of the Farmer. 

An.l it is further Ordered that in such parts of the Streets where 
there is no Abutter, the Faimer shall at his own Kxpence, cause 
the Dirt to be raked up r.nd carried away, under the like Penalty 



BOSTON lowx RECORDS, 1757. 315 

as is before provided for not carrying away the Dirt, raked up by 
the A butters. 

And it is further Ordered that in Case no Person shall appear to 
Farm the Dirt as aforesaid, then the Scavingers shall order as often 
as they shall think requisite, the Abutters on the Streets to rake 
up the Dirt before their Doors to the middle of the Streets, and 
may Sell the said Dirt so Raked up, to such Person as they shall 
think proper, and pay the Sum they [397.J Shail receive therefor 
to the Town Treasurer for the use of the Town ; in case they can't 
otherwise procure the Dirt to be cai'ried away they shall hire Carts 
at the Expence of the Town to carry the same away. 

CHAPTER THE THIRD. 

To prevent Mischief and Danger from Indian Negro and Molatto 
Slaves and Servants. 

It is Voted and Ordered that no Indian Negro or Molatto Servant 
or Slave shall stroll unnecessarily abroad or be loitering and idling 
in any of the Streets or Lanes, or iu the Common during the time 
of divine Service on the Lord's day : or after nine o'Clock at Night 
on any day of the Week, upon the Penalty of five shillings for each 
Offence to be paid either by such Indian Negro or Molatto, or else 
by his or her Master, at the Discretion of the Justice before whom 
the Conviction shall be. 



CHAPTER THE FOURTH. 
To prevent Nusances on the Common and to Regulate the same. 

It is Voted and Ordered that no Person shall lay any dead Car- 
cass, Carrion, Ordure, Filth, or Rubbish of any kind, on any part of 
the Common, or elsewhere in this Town, not being on such Persons 
own Land, except in such Places only as shall be by the Selectmen 
Cor the time being allowed for that purpose, on the Penalty of not 
less than ten shillings, nor more than twenty shillings, at the Dis- 
cretion of the Justice before whom such Conviction shall be. 

And it is further Ordered that no Person shall digg any Turf, 
Gravel. Sand, or Loam, on the Common or other Town's Land unless 
in such Places, and under such Limitations and Restrictions us the 
Selectmen for the time being shall appoint and order, under the 
Penalty for each Offence of not more than twenty shillings, nor less 
than ten shillings at the Discretion of the Justice before whom 
such Conviction shall be. 

[398.] And it is further Ordered that no Person shall cut break 
down, girdle, kill or destroy any Tree, that is or shall be set out or 
growing on the Common, or any Land belonging to this Town, on 
the Penalty of twenty shillings for each Tree so cut broke girdled 
kill'd or destroyed. 

And it is further Ordered that whoever shall presume to throw, 
rowl or fling the Bullet or any such like Instrument, whether made 
of Lead Iron Brass Stone Wood or anv other matter or substance 



316 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

that may endanger the Lives or Limbs of any of His Majesty's 
Subjects in the Common, Training Field Highways Lanes Streets 
or Alleys in the Town, shall forfeit and pay a Sum not less than 
five shillings, or more than twenty shillings at the discretion of the 
Justice before whom the Conviction shall be. 

And it is further Ordered that whoever shall keep any Cow or 
Cows going at large shall pay into the hands of such Person or 
Pei-sons, as the Selectmen shall from time to time appoint to receive 
the same, the Sum of two shillings per Annum for each Cow, to be 
employed as follows viz', one shilling & two pence thereof towards 
providing three Bulls to go at large on the Common from the first 
day of April, to the first day of November following yearly, and 
every year ; and two Bulls to go on the Common (or as the Select- 
men shall Order) from the first of November to the first of April 
following yearly, and every year ; seven pence more thereof for 
paying the Cow Keeper, and the remaining thi'ee pence for paying 
the Person, that shall be appointed by the Selectmen, to give forth 
Certificates to the Owner of each Cow, shewing that they have paid 
the said two shillings per head, for each Cow, and any Cow that 
shall be found going on the Common as aforesaid, whose Owner 
shall not have a Certificate as aforesaid, shall be by the Cow 
Keeper (or other Person appointed by the Selectmen for that end) 
Impounded, and the Owner shall pay three shillings per head to 
the Impounder before the Cow or Cows be discharged, and the said 
Cow or Cows shall not be suffered to go on the Common untill the 
Owner shall have paid the said three shillings, and gained a Cer- 
tificate as aforesaid. 

It is also Voted and Ordered that no Ox Steer Horse Sheep or 
Goats shall be suffered to go at large on the Common or in the 
Streets (except such as are under the Care of some Person and 
driving to Market) on Penalty that the [398^.] Owner thereof 
shall forfeit and pay the Sum of three shillings for every Ox Steer 
Horse Sheep or Goat, that shall be found going at large as 
aforesaid. 

And it shall be lawful for the Cow-Keeper aforesaid or any other 
Inhabitant to Impound and detain such Ox Steer Horse Sheep or 
Goat untill the Penalty aforesaid be paid. 

CHAPTER THE FIFTH. 

Concerning the Market and Buying and Selling Provision in the 
Town of .Boston. 

It is Voted and Ordered that Faneuil-Hall Market being open 
shall be under the following Regulation. 

1 st . That a Clerk thereof be constantly chosen Annually by the 
Town in March ; whose Business and Duty shall be to see that the 
several Rules and Orders of the Town be observed and kept. 

2 ly . That he shall suffer no unwholsome or putrid Meat, or 
otherwise unfit for Sale, to be Sold there ; and if any such be 
Offered to Sale, in the said Market, he shall be obliged to prefer a 
Prosecution against the Offender. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1757. 317 

3 Iy . That the said Clerk shall not buy any Provision in said 
Market other than for his own Family use ; and on the Conviction 
of the Breach of this Order, the Selectmen shall displace him, and 
appoint another in his Room, which Person so appointed shall con- 
tinue in his said Office untill the next Town Meeting. 

4 thly . That every day in the year except Lord's-days and days 
set apart by the Government for Religious Service, shall be a 
Market day, the Market shall be opened by the Ringing of the Bell 
which shall beat Sunrise, and from the Ringing of the Bell, untill 
one o'Clock in the Afternoon, and every Saturday Afternoon, and 
every other Afternoon preceeding any day set apart by the Govern- 
ment for Religious Service as aforesaid untill Sun-set, shall be es- 
teemed Market Hours. 

5 ly . That no Steelyards shall be allowed in said Market, nor any 
other than Sealed Weights. 

6 ly . That no Cart Team Horse Wheelbarrow that [399.] May 
incommode the Market shall be allowed to stand or be near the 
Entrance of the Market Place, but shall be immediately removed 
upon the direction of the Clerk of the Market to the Owner or Occu- 
pier of the same, under the Penalty of ten shillings. 

7 ly . That the Selectmen for the time being are impowred to ap- 
portion the size Marks, and number of the several Stalls, and to 
letthem out to such Persons, and on such Terms as they shall agree. 

8 Iy . That all Disputes arising in the Market between Buyer 
and Seller, concerning things bought and sold in the Market, shall 
be determined by the Cleik. 

9 Iy . That no Meat shall be left in the Market after it is shut up, 
if am 7 be, it shall be forfeit to the Clerk of the said Market ; And 
if the Clerk shall wittingly Connive at the Breach of this Order he 
shall for every such Connivance forfeit the Sum of ten shillings. 

10 ly . That no Person shall buy any Provision in the said Market, 
with Intent to sell the same again at a greater Price before one 
o'Clock in the Afternoon, nor Sell any Provision so bought at a 
greater Price, on Penalty of the Sum of twenty shillings. 

ll ly . That no Huckster or other Person shall in any part of the 
Town buy any Provision, bro't to the Town by Land for Sale, with 
Intent to sell the same again before one o'Clock in the Afternoon 
under the like Penalty last mentioned. 

CHAPTER THE SIXTH. 

It is Voted and Ordered that all Carts and other Carriages of 
Hay as they come into Town, shall be Weighed and a Tally with 
the weight of the Cart & Hay be then fixed upon it, and that the 
Cart or Carriage upon its Return be tared, and the Weight thereof 
marked on it. 

And it is further Ordered that a suitable Person be from time to 
time appointed by the Selectmen, as the}' shall think fit to take 
Care that the Engine for weighing of Hay be kept in good Repair, 
and to see the weight of all Hay thus brought to Market, and tc 
Tally the same, and mark the Carriages on their Return as aforesaid. 
And that the s d . Person [399j.] Shall be under Oa f hto do Justice 



318 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

between Buyer and Seller, & shall Attend from Sunrising to Sun- 
setting, and shall make an Entry in a Book to be by him kept for 
that purpose of all the Hay he weighs. 

And it is further Ordered that there be allowed to the Person for 
every Load of Hay so weighed eight fifteenths of a penny for each 
hundred of Hay to be paid by the Person who buys the same, or in 
case of his Absence at the time of weighing then to be paid by the 
Importer, who shall be Reimbursed by the Buyer. 

And it is further Ordered that if any Person Inhabitant of the 
Town of Boston aforesaid, shall buy any Hay thus brought to 
Market, without the same be first weighed as above, he or they 
shall forfeit and pay the Sum of twenty shillings for every Load 
or Parcel so bought. 

It is Voted and Ordered that the Selectmen of the Town shall 
from time to time appoint one or more Common Cryers. And no 
Person except so appointed shall presume to Act as Cryer for others 
on the Penalty of five shillngs for each Offence, and every Person 
appointed Cryer shall keep a true and perfect List of all things by 
him Cried and the Names of the Persons who ordered him to cry 
the same, and give in a true Copy thereof to the Town Clerk once 
a Month, on the Penalty of ten shillings for each Offence. And the 
Selectmen shall from time to time appoint the Fees of the said Cryer, 
which he shall not exceed on Penalty of five shillings for each 
Offence. 

Great Complaint b?tng made of man.y Persons Washing them- 
selves in Publick & frequented Places to the Great Reproach of 
Modesty and good Manners. 

It is Voted and Ordered that no Person whosoever above the Age 
of twelve Years, shall in less than an Hour after Sun-set undress 
themselves and go into Water within ten Rods of any Dwelling 
House in this Town, at that time Inhabited, nor shall any Person 
being in the Water, swim to such parts of the Town, as to be plainly 
within Sight of any Dwelling House, Inhabited as aforesaid, on pain 
of [4OO.] Forfeiting for each of these Offences the Sum of ten 
shillings, and for a second Offence the Sum of twenty shillings. 

It is Voted and Ordered that every Householder or others, who 
are commonly known to make use of any of the Pumps Wells or 
Cisterns standing or being in any Ground Streets or Highways be- 
longing to this Town, for their supply of Water for their ordinary 
Occasions, every such Person shall allow and pay unto such of the 
Neighbourhood, whom the Selectmen shall appoint to receive the 
same such proportionable Sum or Sums of Money as the Selectmen 
for the time being shall assess him or her to pay, for keeping such 
Well Cistern or Pump in Repair, and to be Employed to the said 
Use ; on Pain, that every Person who shall neglect or refuse the 
payment thereof for the space of six Days after the same is de- 
manded, shall forfeit and pay double the Value of said Sum, to the 
use of the Poor of this Town. 

It is Voted and Ordered that all Penalties and Forfeitures aris- 
ing by the beforegoing By Laws, not otherwise expressly dis- 
posed of shall be as the the Law directs to the use of the Poor of 
the Town ; and whoever shall prosecute to Effect any of the Breaches 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1757. 319 

thereof, shall be intitled to receive one half as much as shall be re- 
covered for the use of the Poor, out of the Treasury of the Town 
to his own Use. 

It is Voted and Ordered that where any Negro Indian or Mollatto 
Slave, shall be the Offender against any of the foregoing By-Laws, 
his Owner shall pay the Fine or Forfeiture, unless he shall choose 
to deliver up his said Slave to be Corrected ; in which Case the 
Justice before whom the Conviction shall be, shall Order such Slave 
to be Whipped at the House of Correction not exceeding twenty 
Stripes, nor less than five according* to the nature and aggravation 
of such Offence. 

It is hereb} 1 Voted Ordered & Declared that all By-Laws hereto- 
fore made in this Town, not at this present Meeting Voted, be and 
hereby are Repealed and made Void. 

[4OO.] Voted that the Selectmen be, and they hereby are 
desired and Impowred to present all the By-Laws & Orders of the 
Town now passed, to the next Court of General Sessions of the 
Peace, to be held for the County of Suffolk, for their Allowance 
and Approbation. 

Voted that the Selectmen be desired to Print said By-Laws and 
Orders, after they are Approved of by the Court of Sessions, on the 
best Terms they can. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be, and hereby is given to 
Benjamin Prat Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting, for transacting 
the Business thereof. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston legally qualifyed and warned in Public Town Meeting 
Assembled at Faneuil-Hall on Tuesday the first day of November 
AD 1757. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

Benjamin Prat Esq r . was chose Moderator of this Meeting 

The Town took into Consideration the Article in the Warrant, 
viz', to determine what may be futher necessary to be done relating 
to the B}--Laws and Orders of the Town, and thereupon Voted 
that Thomas Greene Esq r . M r . Oxenbridge Thacher & M r . William 
Story be & they hereby are appointed a Committee to enquire into 
the Exceptions taken by the Court of General Sessions of the Peace 
to the By-Laws and Orders of the Town pass'd at their Meeting the 
first of August last, and presented to s d . [4O1.] Court for^heir 
Approbation, consider of said Exceptions and Report their Opinion 
thereon at the intended Adjournment of this Meeting. 

The Committee appointed the 10 th . of Ma}' last on the Petition 
of John Hill Esq r . made Report that they had fully heard the 
Petitioner, and gave it as their Opinion that it will not not be proper 
for the Town to grant the Prayer of said Petition or do any thing 
concerning it, but that said Petition be Dismissed, which being 
Read, Voted that said Report be Accepted, and that said Petition 
be Dismissed. 

The Town took into Consideration the Article in the Warrant 
viz', whether the Town will Purchase the Tickets in Lotterv N. Thru* 



320 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

that remain unsold as the time allowed by Law for drawing the same 
is near expiring, and after some Debate thereon, the following 
Question was put, "whether the Town will take to their Account, 
and at their Risque all such Tickets in said Lottery as shall remain 
unsold the 28 th . of November instant at Night," and it Passed in the 
Affirmative. 

Samuel Grant Esq r . M r . Thomas Hill Joshua Henshaw & Joseph 
Jackson Esq". M r . Thomas Gushing M r . Samuel Hewes & M r . John 
Scollay appointed by an Act of the General Court Managers of 
Boston Lotteries for raising Monies to Pave & Repair the Neck, 
presented their Accounts for Lottery Number Two, drawn in Feb- 
ruary last & thereupon It was Voted that M r . Royal Tyler, M r . 
William Cooper & Thomas Greene Esq r . be a Committee to examine 
said Accompts and Report thereon as soon as may be. 

The Petition of Alexander Hunt of Boston Gent", setting forth, 
that the Town stand seized of a Peice of Land of two rods wide 
adjoining to the Petitioners Land near Fort Hill, which at present 
is of very little benefit to the Town, nor is it probable that it will 
ever be any great Advantage, and as it bounds on the Petitioner's 
Land he would purchase the same if the Town incline to Sell it. 
on such reasonable terms as may be agreed upon, which being 
Read. It was Voted that the Selectmen be & hereby are fully au- 
thorized and impowred to Sell said Land to such Person as will 
give most for the same & in the [4Ot^.] Name and behalf of the 
Town to give and execute a good and legal Deed thereof to the 
Purchaser. 

Voted that this Meeting be and hereby is Adjourned to Monday 
the 12 th . day of December next at nine o'Clock in the forenoon. 

Monday December 12 th , 1757 The Town meet according to Ad- 
journment. 

The Committee appointed the first of November to examine the 
Accompts of the Managers of Boston Lottery N. Two Reported 
that they had Examined said Acco ts . & find them just and right 
Cast, whereupon It was Voted that said Report be accepted, and 
that said Managers be paid the Sums mentioned in their respec- 
tive Accompts. 

The Committee appointed the first day of November last to 
consider of the By-Laws of the Town, and of the Exceptions made 
by the Court of Sessions thereto, Reported that they have attended 
that Service, and M r . Justice Dana was so kind as to Communicate 
to the Committee the several Exceptions aforesaid. The Com- 
mittee began with the Consideration of said Exceptions where the 
Town left off at their Meeting, and have Agreed to sundry Amend- 
ments in the same, and have desired the Town Clerk to draw a 
fair Copy of the same By-laws, with the Alterations made by the 
Town and those since agreed to by the Committee, which 
Copy they now presented, and Report that the same be pdss'd 
upon anew at this Meeting. Whereupon said Laws as altered were 
openly and distinctly Read over, and after due Consideration 
thereof, the same was Voted Chapter by Chapter to be observed 
and kept by all Persons inhabiting within this Town (untill the 
same or any of them shall be repealed, and made void) under the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1757. 321 

several & respective Pains & Penalties to them or any of them 
annexed and prescribed. 

The s d . By- Laws and Orders as now Voted and Pass'd are as 
follows Viz'. 

[4O2.] CH>P: I 8t . For preventing Danger by Fire in the 
Town of Boston. 

1. It 1: Voted and Ordered that the Selectmen for the time 
being upon Complaint made to them, or otherwise upon their own 
knowledge, of any defective Chimnies in this Town shall from 
time to time, take effectual Care to have the same viewed and 
surveyed by proper Persons by them for that purpose to be ap- 
pointed, and if upon the view and survey said Chimnies shall be 
found so defective as in their Judgment to be dangerous to be used 
on Account of Fire, the Selectmen shall make a Record thereof, 
and of the Particulars of the Defect or Defects, and give to the 
Occupier of the House or Tenement to which the Defective 
Chimney belongs a Copy of said Entry, with warning not to make 
any Fire in such Chimney 'till said Defect or Defects are cured, 
either by amending repairing or i-ebuilding said Chimney, there- 
upon if the Occupant of such Tenement shall suffer a Fire to be 
made & kept in said Chimney, before said Chimney be cured of 
such defect or defects, such Occupant shall forfeit and pay the 
Sum of five shillings for every day in which a Fire shall be so 
made and kept. 

And if the Occupant of any House or Tenement shall neglect or 
refuse for the space of twenty four hours after request to suffer 
such Persons appointed as aforesaid to view & survey any Chimney 
suspected of being defective as aforesaid such Occupant shall 
forfeit and pa}* for such Offence the Sum of fifteen shillings, and 
so from time to time the same Sum for every such Offence, as 
often as the same shall be committed. 

2. And it is further Ordered that the Selectmen of the Town 
for the time being be hereby directed and impowred from time to 
time to appoint one or more suitable Persons to be sweepers of 
Chimnies within this Town, whose Wages for their Work shall not 
exceed the Rates hereafter mentioned viz'. 

For each Chimney of five Stories high one shilling & four 
pence. 

For each Chimney of four Stories high one shilling & two pence. 

For each Chimney of three Stories high one shilling. 

And other common Chimnies eight pence. 

All all Kitchen Chiranies that are above the Tops [4O2.] of 
the House they belong to in proportion to the heighth of the House 
at the Rate above. 

3. And it is further Ordered that if any Person who is not so 
appointed as aforesaid shall presume either by himself or Servant 
to undertake the Sweeping of any Chimney in this Town, except 
such Chimney or Chimnies as are under his or their own Improve- 
ment, such Person shall forfeit and pay the Sum of ten shillings 
for every such Offence. 



322 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

4. And it is further Ordered that all Persons so appointed by 
the Selectmen to be the Undertakers of Chimney Sweeping shall 
be obliged within forty eight hours, after notice given either by 
themselves, or some other Person, duly to attend the Sweeping of 
such Chimney on Penalty of forfeiting ten shillings for every such 
neglect. 

5. And it is further Ordered that upon Complaint made to any 
of the Selectmen either by the Chimney Sweepers, or b} r any other 
of the Inhabitants of this Town against any Person or Persons ne- 
glecting to have their Chimnies swept being foul, that in every 
such Case the Selectmen or any two of them are hereby impow- 
red to inspect and view such Chimnies complained of as afore- 
said, and if they judge the said Chimnies or any of them unsafe to 
make or keep Fire therein, by reason of their being foul & want of 
Sweeping, and signify the same to the Person or Persons then in 
possession of the Tenement to which such Chimney doth belong, 
that then and in every such Case the Occupier of every such House 
or Tenement shall forfeit and pay the Sum of five shillings lor 
every day in which Fire shall be kept in such Chimney until! the 
same shall be sufficiently Swept. And if the Occupant of any 
House or Tenement shall neglect or refuse for the space of twenty 
four hours after request to suffer the Selectmen aforesaid to view 
and survey any Chimnies suspected of being foul as aforesaid, 
such Occupant shall forfeit and pay for such Offence the Sum of 
fifteen shillings and so from time to time the same Sum for every 
such Offence as often as the same shall be Committed. 

[4O3.] 6. And it is further Ordered that if any Chimney 
shall take Fire & Blaze out at the Top thr6 foulness or for want 
Sweeping the Occupier of the Tenement shall forfeit & pay the 
Sum of twenty shillings ; unless it shall happen within forty two 
days after said Chimney shall have been swept, and then and in 
such Case the Person who last Swept the same, or in Case of his 
being a Servant or Slave, his Master or Owner shall forfeit & pay 
the aforesaid twenty shillings. 

7. And it is further Ordered that no Person shall presume here- 
after to carry Fire in this Town abroad, or in & through the open 
Air from any House or Place, to any other House or Place, but in 
a warming Pan, or other safe Vessell well Covered, so as to Secure 
the Fire from the Wind, and from being Scattered in the Way ; or 
in the Streets & Lanes, or on the Buildings on the Penalty and 
Forfeiture of two shillings. 

8. And it is further Ordered that whoever shall kindle or make 
or be aiding and assisting in making or kindling in the open Air 
within two Rods of any House Warehouse Wood-Pile or an}- other 
Combustible matter, subject to take Fire (except in Shipwrights 
Building Yards, Coopers & Ropemakcrs works, a careful Person, 
standing by to watch the same) shall forfeit & pay the Sum of 
twelve shillings. 

Provided the Order last aforesaid, shall not be understood to 
debarr any Tradesman or others from kindling Charcoal in a Pot 
or Pan out of Doors near his House or Shop at any time during 
the daylight, in case some careful Person shall stand by the Bame 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1757. 323 

to watch it as long as it shall continue in the open Street but not 
otherwise. 

9. And it is further Ordered that no Coopers within this Town 
shall Fire or burn their Casks in any Shop Warehouse or other 
Place than in a sufficient Brick or Stone Chimney made convenient 
for that use on Penalty of forfeiting the Sum of ten shillings for 
every Offence contrary to this Order. 

10. And it is further Ordered that no Person shall henceforth 
make or fire any Lime Kiln, or erect or burn any Brick Kiln but in 
such Place & Places as the [4O3.] Selectmen for the time being 
shall approve and allow of on Penalty of the Sum of twenty shill- 
ings for every transgression of this Order. 

CHAP : 2. Concerning the Streets & Lanes Nusances therein, 

and the Dirt thereof. 

1. It is Voted and Ordered that no Person henceforth shall 
break or digg up the Ground in any of the Streets & Lanes of this 
Town on any occasion without the leave & approbation of two at 
least of the Selectmen for the time being, and whoever shall offend 
heroin shall forfeit the Sum of twenty shillings : and whoever 
shall obtain such leave shall cause the holes in the Ground to be 
every Night carefully Covered so as no Person walking the Street 
may be in danger of falling in, and shall also within such time as 
the said Selectmen shall appoint cause the whole to be repaired 
and amended, on Penalty of either of those two last mentioned 
Offences, of twenty shillings, these several Penalties to be for- 
feited by the Person by whose direction the Ground is so broke 
up. 

2. And it is further Ordered that no Person whoever shall carry 
any Dirt Duns Garbidge Carcass Carrion Shavings Rubbish or 
Soil from their Houses Shops or Yards to lay the same in the streets 
or Lanes of this Town on penalty of four shillings for every dead 
Carcass or Carrion so laid, and three shillings for any other Dirt 
or Annoyance that shall lye above the Space of six hours. 

3. And it is further Ordered that when any of the Inhabitants 
of this Town shall be building or repairing their Houses, or dig- 
ging Cellars Wells or Vaults, they shall carefully lay their Timber 
anil other Materials so as shall be no obstruction to Carts and 
other Conveyances passing by and shall remove all the Rubbish 
and Dirt brought out ; and no Timber so brought or Dirt & Rub- 
bish so carried out shall in any Case remain for the space of twenty 
four hours in any part of the Street without leave from two Select- 
men at the least, nor longer without the leave of the major part of 
the Selectmen, and the [4O4.] Person building or repairing or 
digging shall be deemed the Offender in any of these Particulars, 
and shall for each Offence forfeit the Sum of ten shillings. 

4. And it is further Ordered that henceforth no Cart Dray 
Trucks or Sled, drawn by either Horse or Horses, Horse & Oxen 
shall be suffered to pass through any of the Streets and Lanes of 
this Town but with a sufficient Driver, who shall during such Pas- 
sage keep with his said Cart Dray Trucks or Sled, and carefully 



324 CITY DOCUMENT No, 170. 

observe & attend such Methods as may l>est Serve to keep said 
Horse or Horses or Oxen under Command, and shall have the 
Thill-horse by the head ; and whatsoever Carter or others under- 
taking to drive any Cart Dray Trucks or Sled, shall during such 
passing through the Streets and Lanes as aforesaid either ride in 
said Cart Dray Trucks or Sled, or otherwise neglect to observe and 
attend the Rules prescribed in this Order, such Carter Driver or 
Owner of such Cart Dray Trucks or Sled shall forfeit and pay the 
Sum of eight shillings for every such Offence. 

5. And it is further Ordered that no Slay shall be drove in the 
Streets of this Town without Bells fastned to the Horses that draw 
the same, and whoever shall offend herein shall forfeit the Sum of 
ten shillings for every Offence. 

Great Dangers arising oftentimes from Coaches Slays Chairs 
and other Carriages on the Lord's days as the People are going to 
or coming from the several Churches in this Town, being driven 
with great Rapidity, and the Public Worship being oftentimes 
nuch disturbed by such Carriages driving by the sides of the 
Churches with great force in time thereof. 

6. It is therefore Voted and Ordered that no Coach Slay Chair 
Chaise or other Carriage shall at such time be driven at a greater 
rate than a foot pace, on Penalty of the Sum of ten shillings, to 
be paid by the Person driving, or if he be a Servant or Slave by 
his master or Mistress. 

7. And it is further Ordered that no Person whatsoever shall 
hereafter erect or set up any House of Office or Easement within 
this Town (or suffer the same to continue being already standing 
or set up) within forty foot of any Street Lane or highway or the 
Dwelling House Shop or Well of any Neighbour, unless [4O4.] 
The same be vaulted six feet deep and sufficiently enclosed or 
otherwise secured on Pain of forfeiting the Sum of twenty shillings 
for every transgression of this Order, and the like Sum of twenty 
shillings for ever}' three Months it shall so continue, nor shall any 
Person keep any Hogg or Swine in any Hogsty within twenty foot 
of any Highway Street or Lane or Alley, or of the Dwelling House 
or Shop of any Neighbour on Penalty of ten shillings for every 
Month such Hog or Swine shall be kept or continued in such Sty ; 
unless such Sty be within twenty foot of the Saltwater, and the 
Filth thereof runs directly through the Keepers own Land into the 
Salcwater. 

8. And it is further Ordered that whoever shall at any time 
hereafter use the exercise of playing or kicking of Foot-Ball within 
any of the Streets or Lanes within the Body of this Town shall 
forfeit and pay a Sum not more than four shillings, nor less than 
one shilling for every such Offence, nor shall any Person unneces- 
sarily throw or heave any Snow Balls or Stones or any other 
thing in the Streets Lanes or Alleys of this Town on Pain of for- 
feiting not more than four shillings nor less than one shilling for 
each Offence at the discretion of the Justice before whom the Con- 
viction shall be. 

9. And it is further Ordered that no Person whatsoever shall at 
any time hereafter Ride or drive a Gallop or other swift Pace 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1757. 325 

within any of the Streets Lanes or Alleys of this Town, on Penalty 
of forfeiting the Sum of five shillings for every such Offence. 

10. And it is further Ordered that whoever shall drive through 
any of the Streets or Lanes of this Town any Trucks whose sides 
exceed the length of sixteen feet, shall forfeit and pay a Fine of 
ten shillings for every such Offence. 

11. And it is further Ordered that every Driver wbo in his Cart 
or Trucks, shall carry more than one Ton weight, except the same 
be one Cable, at a load, through any of the aforesaid Streets or 
Lanes shall pay a fine of five shillings for every such Offence. 

[4O5.] 12. And it is further Ordered, that the Tire of Wheels 
of all Carts and Trucks that shall be drawn by more than one 
Horse shall be full four inches in breadth, and the Nails of the 
Tire to be flatt, on Pain of forfeiting the Sum of ten shillings for 
every time the said Cart or Trucks shall be improved in this Town, 
to be paid by the Owner of said Cart or Trucks, who shall be 
deemed the Offender in any of the Cases aforesaid. 

CHAP : 3 d . For the more effectual keeping clean the Streets 

for the time to come. 

1. It is Voted and Ordered that the Selectmen for the time to 
come do Farm the Dirt in the Streets divided into several Wards 
to the highest bidder for a Term not exceeding two Years, such 
Farmer to pay such Sum as shall be agreed on between him and 
the Selectmen, said Fanner to enjoy the Privileges, and to be sub- 
ject to the Duties and Penalties respecting the same Dirt herein 
aftermentioned. 

2. And it is further Ordered that in Places where the Dirt shall 
be Farmed, no other Person than the Farmer or his Servants shall 
carry off the Dirt or Mud from such Streets unless as hereafter 
provided on Penalty of the Sum of ten shillings to the respective 
Farmers to be paid by every Person offending. 

3. And it is further Ordered that the Abutters shall be obliged 
on Notice from the Scavmgers to rake up the Dirt before their 
doors, and to the middle of the Street within twenty four hours 
after Notice on Penalty of the Sum of four shillings for every breach 
of this Order. 

4. And it is further Ordered that the Farmer shall be obliged to 
carry such Dirt out of the Street , within twenty four Hours after 
it is so raked up, in default thereof he shall forfeit the Sum of ten 
shillings to the Abutter whose Dirt is not carried away, & the 
Abutter may on such Default cause the same Dirt to be carried 
away by any other Cart, at the Expence of the Farmer. 

5. And it is further Ordered that in such parts of the Streets 
where there is no Abutter, the Farmer shall at his own expence 
cause the Dirt to be raked up and carried away under the Penalty 
as is before provided for not carrying away the Dirt raked up by 
the Abutters. 

[4O5.] 6. And it is further Ordered that in Case no Person 
shall appear to Farm the Dirt as aforesaid, then the Scavingers 
shall order as often as they shall think requisite, the Abutters on 



326 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

the Streets to rake up the Dirt before their doors to the middle of 
the Street, and may Sell the same Dirt so raked up to such Person 
as they shall think proper, and pa} r the Sum they shall receive 
therefor to the Town Treasurer for the use of the Town ; and in 
case they cannot otherwise procure the Dirt to be carried away 
they shall hire Carts at the expence of the Town to carry the same 
away. 

CHAP: 4 th . To prevent Mischief and Danger from Indian 

Negro & Molatto Slaves & Servants. 

It is Voted and Ordered that no Indian Negro or Molatto Slave 
or Servant shall stroll unnecessarily abroad or be loitering and 
ideling in any of the Streets and Lanes or on the Common on the 
Lord's day, or after nine o'Clock at Night on any day of the Week, 
upon the Penalty of five shillings for each Offence to be paid either 
by such Indian Negro or Molatto, or else by his or her Master or 
Mistress, at the discretion of the Justice before whom the Con- 
viction shall be. 

CHAP : 5 th . To prevent Nusances on the Common and to 

Regulate the same. 

1 . It is Voted and Ordered that no Person shall lay any dead 
Carcass, Carrion Ordure Filth or Rubbish of any kind on any part 
of the Common, or elswhere in this Town not being on such Per- 
sons own Land, except in such Places only as shall be by the 
Selectmen for the time being allowed for that purpose on the Pen- 
alty of not less than ten shillings, nor more than twenty shillings 
at the discretion of the Justice before whom the Conviction shall be. 

2. And it is further Ordered that no Person shall digg any Turf 
Gravel Sand or Loam on the Common or other Town's Land, un- 
less in such Places, and under such Limitations & Restrictions, 
as the Selectmen for the [4O6.] Time being shall appoint and order 
on the Penalty for each Offence of not more than twenty shillings 
nor less than ten shillings, at the discretion of the Justice before 
whom the Conviction shall be. 

3. And it is further Ordered that no Person shall cut break 
down girdle kill or destroy any Tree that is or shall be set out or 
growing on the Common or &ny Land belonging to this Town on 
the Penalty of twenty shillings for each Tree so cut broke girdled 
kill'd or destroyed. 

4. And it is further Ordered that whoever shall presume to 
throw rowl or fling the Bullet or any other such Instrument, whether 
made of Lead Iron Brass Stone Wood or any other matter or sub- 
stance that may endanger the Lives or Limbs of any of His Majes- 
ty's Subjects, in the Common Training Field Highways Lanes 
Streets or Alleys in the Town shall forfeit and pay a Sum not less 
than five shillings nor more than twenty shillings at the discretion 
of the Justice before whom the Conviction shall be. 

5 And it is further Ordered that whoever shall keep any Cow 



BOSTOX TOWN RECORDS, 1757. 

or Cows going at large shall pa_y into the hands of such Person or 
Persons as the Selectmen shall from time to time appoint to receive 
the same, the Sum of two shillings p Annum for each Cow to be 
employed as follows viz' one shilling & two p^nce thereof towards 
providing three Bulls to go at large on the Common from the first 
day of April to the first day of November following yearly and 
every Year, and two Bulls to go on the Common (or as the Select- 
men shall order) from the first of November to the first of April 
following yearly and every Year ; seven pence more thereof for 
paying the Cow Keeper, and the remaining three pence for pay- 
ing the Person that shall be appointed by the Selectmen 1o give 
forth Certificates to the Owner of each Cow, shewing that they 
have paid the said two shillings per head for each Cow, & any 
Cow that shall be found going on the Common as aforesaid whose 
Owner shall not have a Certificate as aforesaid, shull be by the 
Cow Keeper (or other Person appointed by the Selectmen for that 
end) Impownded, and the Owner shall pay three shillings per head 
to the Impownder before the Cow or Cows be discharged, and the 
said Cow or Cows shall not be suffered to go on the Common untill 
the Owner shall have paid said 3/ & gained A Certificate as 
aforesaid. 

[4O6.] 6. It is also Voted and Ordered that no Ox Steer 
Horse Sheep or Goats shall be suffered to go at large on the Com- 
mons or in the Streets (except such as are under the Care of some 
Person and driving to Market) on Penalty that the Owner thereof 
shall forfeit and pay the Sum of three shillings for every Ox Steer 
Horse Sheep or Goat that shall be found going at large as 
aforesaid. 

7. And it shall be lawful for the Cow Keeper aforesaid, or any 
other Inhabitant of this Town to Impownd and Detain such Ox Steer 
Horse Sheep or Goat untill the Penalty aforesaid be paid. 

CHAP: 6 th . Concerning the Market and Buying & Selling 

Provision in the Town of Boston. 

It is Voted and Ordered that Faneuil-Hall Market being open 
shall be under the following Regulation. 

1. Tbat a Clerk thereof be constantly chosen Annually by the 
Town in March whose Buisness and Duty shall be to see that the 
several Rules & Orders of the Town be observed and kept. 

2. That he shall suffer no unwholesome or Putrid Meat or other- 
wise unfit for Sale to be sold there ; and if any such be offered to 
Sale, in the said Market he shall be obliged to preferr a prosecution 
against the Offender. 

3. That the said Clerk shall not Buy any Provision in said Market 
other than for his own Family use, and on the Conviction of the 
breach of this Order the Selectmen shall displace him, and appoint 
another in his Room, which Person so appointed shall continue in 
his said Office untill the next Town Meeting. 

4. That every day in the Year, except Lord's days, and days set 
apart by the Government for Religious Service, shall be a Market 
day, the Market shall be opened by the Ringing of the Bell, which 



328 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 

shall be at Sunrise, and from the Ringing of the Bell untill one 
o'Clock in the Afternoon & every Saturday Afternoon, and every 
other Afternoon preceeding any day set apart by the Government for 
Religious Service as aforesaid, untill Sunset, shall be esteemed 
Market Hours. 

5. That no Steelyards be allowed in said Market or other than 
[4O7.] Sealed Weights. 

6. That no Cart Team Horse Wheelbarrow that may incommode 
the Market shall be allowed to stand or be near the Entrance of 
the Market place, but shall be immediately removed upon the direc- 
tion of the Clerk of the Market to the Owner or (X-eupier of the 
same under the Penalty of ten Shillings. 

7. That the Selectmen for the time being are impowred to appor- 
tion the Size marks, and Number the several Stalls & to let them 
out to such Persons & on such Terms, as they shall Agree. 

8. That all Disputes arising in the Market between Buyer and 
Seller, concerning things bought and Sold in the Market shall be 
determined by the Clerk. 

9. That no Meat shall be left in the Market after it is shut up, 
if any be it shall be forfeit to the Clerk of the said Market, and if 
the Clerk shall wittingly Connive at the Breach of this Order, he 
shall for every such Connivance forfeit the Sum of ten shillings. 

10. That no Person before one o'Clock in the afternoon shall buy 
an}* Provision in the said Market with intent to Sell the same, at 
a greater Price nor Sell any Provision so bought at a greater Price 
on Penalty of the Sum of twenty shillings for each Offence. 

11. That no Huckster shall before one o'Clock in the Afternoon 
in any part of the Town buy any Provision bro't to Town by Land 
or over the Ferries for Sale, with intent to Sell the same again un- 
der the Penalty of twenty shillings for each Offence. 

CHAP : 7 th . 1 . It . is Voted and Ordered that all Carts and 
other Carriages of El ay as they come into Town shall be weighed 
& a Tally with the weight of the cart and Hay be then fixed upon it, 
and that the Cart or Carriage upon it's Return be Tared, and ihe 
weight thereof marked on it. 

2. And it is further Ordered that a suitable Person be from 
time to time appointed by the Selectmen as they shall think fit to 
take Care that the Engine for weighing of Hay be kept in good 
Repair, & to see the weight of all Hay thus bro't to Market and 
to Tally the same, and mark the Carriages on their Return as 
aforesaid : and that the said Person shall be under Oath to do 
Justice between Buyer & Seller, and shall attend from Sunrising 
to [4O7.] Sunsetting, and shall make an Entry in a Book to 
be by him kept for that purpose of all the Hay he weighs. 

3. And it is further Ordered that there be allowed to the 
Person for every Load of Hay so weighed eight fifteenths of a 
penny for each hundred of Hay, to be paid by the Person who 
Buys the same, or in case of his Absence at the time of weighing 
then to be paid by the Importer who shall be reimbursed by the 
Buyer. 

4. And it is further Ordered that if any Person Inhabitant ot 
the Vcwn of Boston aforesaid, shall Buy any Hay thus brought 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1757. 329 

to Market, without the same be first weighed as above, he or they 
shall forfeit and pay the Sum of twenty shillings for every Load 
or Parcel of II ay so bought. 

5. It is Voted and Ordered that the Selectmen of the Town 
shall from time to time appoint one or more Common Cryers, and 
no Person except so appointed shall presume to Act as Cryer for 
others on the Penalty of five shillings for each Offence ; and every 
Person so appointed Cryer shall keep a true & perfect List of all 
Things by him Cried, and the Names of the Persons who ordered 
him to Cry the same, and give in a true Copy thereof to the Town 
Clerk once a Month on the Penalty of ten shillings for each neglect : 
and the Selectmen shall from time to time appoint the Fees of the 
said Cryer which he shall not exceed on Penalty of five shillings 
for each Offence. 

Great Complaint being made of many Persons washing them- 
selves in public an I frequented Places to the Great Reproach of 
Modesty & good Manners. 

6. It is Voted and Ordered that no Person whosoever above 
the Age of twelve Years shall in the daytime, or in one hour afte. 
Sunset undress themselves and go into Water within ten rods of 
any dwelling House in the Town at that time Inhabited, nor shall 
any Person being in the Water Swim within ten rods of any Dwelling 
House Inhabited as aforesaid on Pain of forfeiting for each 
Offence the Sum of ten shillings, and for a second Offence the 
Sum of twenty shillings. 

[4-O8.] 7. It is Voted and Ordered that every Householder 
and other Persons who are commonly known to make use of any 
of the Pumps Wells or Cisterns standing or being in any Ground 
Streets or Highways belonging to this Town for their supply of 
Water for their ordinary Occasions, every such Person shall allow 
& pay unto such of the Neighbourhood whom the Selectmen shall 
appoint to receive the same such proportionable Sum or Sums of 
Money as the Selectmen for the time being shall assess him or her 
to pay for keeping such Well Cistern or Pump in Repair, and to 
be employed to the said use, on pain that every such Person 
who shall neglect or refuse the payment thereof for the space 
of six days after the same is demanded shall forfeit and 
pay double the value of said Sum to the use of the Poor of 
this Town. 

8. It is Voted and Ordered that all Penalties & Forfeitures 
arising by the beforegoing By-Laws not otherwise expressly 
dispos'd of shall be as the Law directs to the use of che Poor of 
the Town ; and whoever shall piosecute to effect any of the 
Breaches thereof shall be intitled to receive one half as much as 
shall be recovered for the use of the Poor out of the Treasury cf 
the Town to his own use. 

9. It is Voted and Ordered that where any Negro Indian or 
Molatto Slave shall be the Offender against any of the foregoing 
By-Laws, his Owner shall pay the Fine or Furniture unless he 
shall choose to deliver up his said Slave to be Corrected, in which 
Case the Justice before whom the Conviction shall b*., e .ha" Order 
said Slave to be Whipped at the House >v f Correction ^?t exceed- 



330 CITY DOCUMENT No. 170, 

ing twenty Stripes nor less than five, according to the Nature & 
Aggravation of such Offence. 

Voted that the Order or Vote passed by the Town at their 
Public Meeting the first day of August last, for Repealing and 
making Void all By-Laws made & pass'd by the Town before 
that time, be and hereby is Repealed disannulled & made Void. 

Voted that the Selectmen present the aforegoing By-Laws and 
Orders of the Town, as they are now passed Chapter by Chapter, 
to the Court of General Sessions of the Peace to be held at Boston 
within & for the County of Suffolk on the first Tuesday of Janu- 
ary next, for their Allowance & Approbation. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 



[This point is taken as a convenient one for closing the 
present volume, although it does not complete the fourth book 
of the Town Records. 

W. H. W.] 



ro^ 



INDEX OF NAMES, 



Adams, 7, 28, SO, 35, 39, 46, 52, 55, 58, 60, 63, 
68, 72, 77, 78, 80, 81, 83, 85, 02,95, 98, 105, 
107, 110, 115, 119, 120, 133, 139, 142, 157, 
159, 164, 172, 182, 191, 201,207, 214, 228, 
231,235, 260,269, 287, 294,295, 290, 298, 
299. 

Aish, 269. 

Albany, 266. 

Alexander, 30, 67, 81. 

Allen, 6, 7, 23, 28, 35, 40, 54, 65, 56, 58, 60, 
61, 67, 72, 74, 75, 77, 79, 80, 82, 85, 86, 87, 

. 88, 89, 91, 95, 101, 102, 103, 104, 106, 108, 
110, 114, 115, 118, 121, 128, 131, 132, 136, 
139, 148, 153, 154, 156, 158, 159' 160, 161, 
162, 165, 16S, 170, 171, 175, 176, 184, 1-7, 
190, 191, 194, 195, 205, 207, 210, 215, 224, 

225, 228, -.35, 236, 248, 250, 252, 255, 257, 
260, 263, 266, 285. 

Allinc, 269. 
Alley, Horn, 90, 96. 
Amclee, 159. 
America, 219. 

North, 181 
Amicl, 188, 

Andrews, 139, 227, 247. 
Annapolis, Royal, 122. 
Apthorp, 2:i, 28, 56, 157, 161, 178, 183, 184, 

245, 256, 25S, 265, 296. 
Archbald, 170, 207. 
Armory, 229. 
Armstrong, 207. 
Aakins, 247. 
Atkins, 30, 63, 78, 94, 107, 108, 149, 191, 196, 

236, 237, 283. 
Atkinson, 79. 
Audebert, 87. 
Austin, 270, 286, 294. 

Babbldge, 7. 

Bagnal, 64. 

Bailey, 230, 245, 249, 268. 

Baith, 94. 

Baker, 30, 108, 110, 172, 236. 

Ball, 81, 94. 

Ballard, 29, 44, 54, 67, 81, 108, 109, 133, 157, 

171, 190, 209, 227, 246, 285. 
Balston, 54. 

Band, 37, 64, 81, 109, 132, 156, 171. 
Banks, 230. 
Barber, 35, 40, 44, 64, 66, 80, 82, 110, 132, 155, 

173, 189, 205, 207, 208, 210, 214, 218, 228, 

257, 268, 286. 
Barbour, 284. 
Barker, 5, 170, 271. 
Barnard, 6, 7, 41, 68, 80, 81, 108,109, 132, 133, 

190, 297. 

( Barret, 73, 268, 271, 283. 
j Barrett, 9, 113, 131, 155, 169, 189, 205, 216, 

226, 245, 256, 268, 293. 
Bastow, 7. 

Bass, 44, 116, 125, 136, 192, 233, 245, 247, 281. 
Bates, 287. 
Battery, The, 42. 

North, 42, 48, 49, 78, 83, 92, 95, 103, 
179, 182, 274. 

South, 32, 33, 43, 73, 74, 77, 83, 91, 92, 
101, 116, 274, 278, 270. 
Baxter, 87, 110, 133. 



Bay, Casco, 240, 281. 

Massachusetts, 206. 
Beacham, 207. 
Beorsto, 35, 67, 80, 108. 
Bedgood, 104, 112. 
Beighton, 118, 252. 

Belknap, 2, 11, 40, 44, 68, 81, 83, 107, 131, 14l>, 
15i, 162, 163, 172, 179, 192, 229, 270, 281, 
288, 294 

Bell, 108, 112, 134, 192, 269. 
Bennest, 170. 

Bennet, 295 

Bennett, 2, 136. 

Bemley, 247. 

Bently, 228. 
Berry, 45, 50, 84, 93, 109 113, 133, 158, 172, 189, 

206, 246. 

Bethuno, 28, 188, 296. 
Bicknell, 2)0,294. 
Bill, 255, 275, 291, 308. 
Billings, 110, 117, 209, 228, 269. 
Birch, 69, 70, 71, 72. 
Bird, 228, 247, 285, 295. 
Black, 94. 
Blackman, 210. 
Blanchard, 5, 35, 64, 82, 110, 113, 116, 118, 

132, 134, 136, 137, 152, 207, 247. 
Boardman, 133, 171, 229, 286. 
I Boies, 226, 267. 
} Boyes, 245. 
Bollan, 265. 
Borland, 10, 119, 227. 
Bosworth, 94. 
Boucher, 8, 113, 157. 
Bound, 4. 

Boutineau, 112, 167, 216, 296 
( Bowden, 83, 108. 
( Bowdoin,34, 103, 122, 162, 167, 196, 214, 2Se> 

235, 272, 277, 290, 309. 
Bo wen, 6, 174. 
Bowles, 108. 
Bowman, 109. 
Bowyer, 286. 
Boyer, 245, 248, 270, 294. 
Boyes, <? Boies. 

Boylestou, 167. 

Boylestone, 91, 134. 

Boylstone, 298. 
Bradford, 8, 35, 38, 40, 53, ?4 t 66, 80, 103, 173, 

204. 

Bradstreet, 251, 253, 254. 
Brattle, 186. 
Brazier, 113. 

Breck, 6, 84, 109, 113, 133, 158, 172, 207, 281. 
Bridge, 207, 229, 233, 245 
j Bridgeham, 11. 
/ Bridgham, 40, 68, 137. 
Bridge, Draw, The, 223. 
Olivers, 125. 
bwing, 139. 

Bridgham, see Bridgeham, 
Bristol, 100. 
Brocas, 171. 
Brock, 20. 

Bromfleld, 3, 29, 46, 51, 64, 69, 73, 89, 91, 05, 
104, 106, 108, 118, 119, 123, 129, 132, 145, 
155, 163, 165, 169, 170, 189, 205, 216, 226, 
832, 245, 268, 282, 290. 



332 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



I Brown, 6, 7, 40, 63, 108, 156. 

) Browne, 35, 133. 
Bryant, 4. 

Buckley, 5, 35, 64, 82, 110, 132. 
Bulfiiic'h, 9. 
Burial place, Old, 173. 
Burn, 262, 286. 
Burroughs, 170. 
Burt, 211,245. 

Buryingplace, South, 53, 64. 
Butler, 2, 5, 227, 269, 285. 
Byles, 37, 76, 92, 161, 174, 175, 216, 227, 230, 288. 

Calef, 109, 113, 118, 235, 252, 253, 267. 

Cambridge, 223, 251, 253, 283. 

Campbell, 200, 267. 

C'andisn, 233, 247, 235. 

Cape Breton, 68, 72, 83, 84, 85, 118, 122, 124. 

Briton, 56. 
Carnes, 84, 109, 133, 158, 172, 189, 206, 227, 

24o, 267. 

Caroliua, Xorth, 239, 280. 
Krrith, 239, 280. 
Carter, 35, 07, 80, 108, 132, 156, 170, 190, 210, 

2J8, 270, 285. 
Cary, 107. 
( Casno, 110. 
I Cazneau, 229, 248. 
Castle William, 91, 129. 
Cazneau, nee Casno. 
Chamberlain, 35. 
t Chapel, King's, 145. 
I Chappel King's, 135, 139, 143, 146, 151, 237, 

24'J. 

Chapman, 249. 

Chappel, King's, see Chapel, King's. 
Chardon, 79, 16), 256, 293, 295. 
Charlestown, 100, 221, 239, 251, 253, 280. 
( Chauncey, 1, 93, 196, 244, 256, 308. 
j Chauucy, 34. 
Checkley, 9, 72, 97, 148, 149, 176, 177, 195, 236, 

275, 283, 309. 

Cheever, 35, 86, 89, 95, 104, 111, 119. 
Chelsea, 236. 
Child, 267, 295. 
Church, 17, 18, 62, 65, 83, 218, 228, 246, 268, 

236, 297. 
Church, New Brick, 45, 48. 

South, 37. 
Old, 65. 

Brick, 38, 62, 69, 73, 198. 
North, 37, 65, 198. 
South, 37, 62, 64, 65, 73, 75. 
Clark, 79, 234, 245, 247, 294, 307. 
| Clarke, 2, 27, 34, 39, 43, 45, 62, 63, 78, 94, 

P5, 108, 149, 168, 258, 284, 29". 
Clou-h, 60, 1<>S, 138, 160, 208. 
( Coburn, 4, 226. 
J Cohurae, 133. 
Codner, 30. 
Coffin, 151, 152, 249. 
Coit, 2, 107. 
Coles, 81. 

College, Harvard, 177. 
Collins, 170, 191. 192, 209, 210, 227, 246, 269, 

284, 294. 

( Collson, 7, 8, 86, 190. 
} Colson, 88, 96, 108, 111, 132, 149, 156, 172, 

2-23, 247. 

Colvill, 217, 219. 

Common, The, 27, 37, 45, 46, 61, 53, 63, 66, 
77, 82, 90, 94, 101, 111, 119, 139, 140, 149, 
152, 102, 163, 178, 179 208, 214, -.'17, 218, 
224, 231, 233, 243, 257 259, 260, 262, 264, 
274, 290, 307, 315,316; 323, 327. 
Comrin, 5, lc/. 
Concord, 215. 
Coney, 7, 209. 

( Connecticut, 85, 222, 239, 282, 305. 
j Conneclicutt, 2SO, 292. 
i Cook, 87. 

Cooke, 2, 20, 28, 34, 39, 43, 46, 50, 51, 62, 56, 
63, 73, 86, 87, 95 119, 131, 136, 146, 149, 
152, 162, 168, 173, 175, 18", 216, 2"8. 



Cooper, 91, 110, 119, 131, 161, 192,194, 205, 
208,212, 214, 215,216, 227,231,232, 249, 
251, 256, 258, 265, '269, 272, 277, 282, 284, 

285, 290, 291, 292, 295, 296, 309, 320. 
Copeland, 80, 207, 228. 

Cotta, 81, 109, 133, 157, 171, 190, 246, 269. 
Cotton, 134, 171,226. 
County of Essex, 240, 281. 

Middlesex, 240, 281, 283. 
Suffolk, 30, 60, 68, 79, 85, 97, 106, 
121, 126, 185, 186, 189, 223, 252, 
284, 292, 298, 319, 329. 
Worcester, 240, 281. 
( Coverley, 284, 285. 
| Coverly, 30, 269. 
Cowell, 3, 8, 36, 67, 157, 171, 190, 269, 285, 

297. 

Cradock, 149. 
Craft, 68. 
Crafts, 285, 295. 
Craister, 208. 
Cravath, 67. 
Crosley, 188., 
Cunningham, 14, 17, 23, 52, 56, 71, 89, 107, 

114, 160, 192, 209, 2fl7, 284. 
Currier, 67, 80, 228, 248. 
Curtis, 189, 192, 210, 2-J8, 248, 270, 286, 295. 
Gushing, 1, 11, 12, 17, 22, 23,26, 34, 38, 45, 48, 
54,56, 68, 62, 68,70, 71, 72,76, 87,109, 
134, 157, 170, 208, 214, 226, 244, 267, 276, 
279, 282, 292, 293, 296, 297, 300, 320. 
Cutler, 80, 137, 157, 172, 190, 209, 229, 248, 270, 

286, 295. 



Dafforne, 41. 
Dal ton, 300. 

Dana, 213, 265, 273, 279, 296, 320. 
Danlorth, 85, 176, 251, 253, 254. 
Darrell, 38, 40, 63, 54, 66. 
Darrington, 7. 
Daves 209. 

Davis, 133, 207. 226, 230, 247, 285. 
I Dawes, 103. 139, 210, 248, 269, 270, 283, 285. 
| Daws, 79, 137. 

Dawson, 67, 80, 108, 132, 170, 190. 
Day, 87, 109, 133, 158, 168, 172, 189, 192, 206. 
Deblois, 18S, 258, 261, 262. 
Decoster, 245. 
Delabroitz, 56. 
Delarue, 272. 

Doming, 207, 229, 248, 270, 286, 294. 
Dcnnle, 28, 29, 134, 139, 205. 
Dennis, 110, 149. 

Deshon, 20, 36, 37, 64, 209, 228, 229, 232. 
Dexter, 270, 286, 294. 
Dixwell, 109, 133, 134, 157. 
Doane, 183, 189. 

Dock, The, 46, 90, 94, 137, 139, 155, 165, 166, 
196, 213, 232, 237, 242, 305, 300, 309. 

Olivers, 118, 163, 165, 166, 217, 252, 
276. 

Town, 1, 51, 125, 102, 196, 309. 
Dolbeare, 155, 2U7, 213, 232, 237, 242, 293. 
Dorchester, 223, 224. 

Downe, 3, 29, 64, 78, 84, 88, 92, 95, 102, 103, 
104,108,119, 131,155, 168, 169,172, 189, 
200, 211, 202, 243, 249, 286, 289, 294. 
Downes, 192, 270, 271. 
Downing, 295. 
( Drown, 104. 
) Drowne, 33, 107, 143. 

Dupee, 69, 71, 89, 111, 114, 117, 118, 192, 193, 
201, 217, 219, 226, 235, 251, 252, 253, 
254, 271, 286, 297, 298. 
Durant, 207, 268. 
"Dyar, 157. 
Dyer, 67, 79, 133, 171, 232, 247, 269, 285, 

297. 
Dyre, 41, 107, 157, 190, 209, 228. 



Eades, 7. 
Eaton, 192, 207. 

Eayres, 6, 81, 94, 156, 171, 191, 210, 227, 248, 
269, 285, 294. 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



333 



Edes, 139, 156, 245, 294. 

Edwards, 69, 71, 89, 108, 110, 111, 114,117, 
133,138, 151, 157, 100, 171,172, 
190,191,192, 193, 207, 208, 211, 
218, 228, 233, 245, 246, 268, 286, 
295, 297. 

Eliot, 4, 16, 34, 40, 66, 87, 119, 161, 196, 204, 
208, 256, 272 275, 308. 

Ellis, 94. 

Eraraes, 1, 10, 17, 30, 157. 

Emmons, 8, 69. 

Erving, 161, 170, 189, 258, 275, 308. 
I Etheridge, 171, 191. 

) Ethridge, 134. 

Europe, 12. 

Eustice, 83. 

Eustus, 138, 156. 

Evans, 149, 270. 

Evelcth, 233, 247, 270, 286. 

Everill, 23. 

{Fairfeild, 268. 
Fairtield, 5, 35, 64, 82, 110, 116, 132, 136, 
155, 163, 166, 173, 189,210, 228, 
235, 242, 246, 252, 253, 286, 297, 
306, 308. 

Fairservice, 196, 217, 258. 
Falraouth, 240, 281. 
Fnneuil, 1, 2, 3, 14, 26, 36, 135, 186. 
Fayerweatber, 77, 82, 83, 88, 92, 95, 102, 103, 

104, 106, 122, 145, 284. 
Featherstone, 154, 155, 169. 
Fenno, 62, 66, 74, 75, 82, 111, 137, 159,165, 
169, 170, 191, 211, 230, 247, 270, 287, 
296. 

Ferry- way, The, 197, 202. 
Ferry, Winnisimet, 200. 
Fessenden, 18, 28. 
Fillis, 192. 
Fisher, 192. 
Fitch, 40, 64, 68, 80, 82, 152, 155, 170, 173, 190, 

218, 262, 269, 285, 195. 
Flatts, The, 200. 
Fleet, 82, 151, 164. 
Fletcher, 2. 
Flower, 87. 

Flucker, 64, 196, 283, 289, 293, 295, 304, 307. 
Ford, 136, 158, 190, 210, 227, 246, 269, 284, 

294. 
Forsyth, 2, 10, 20, 27, 28, 34, 43, 95, 269, 285, 

295. 

Foster, 6, 7,35, 41, 62, 107, 137, 138, 155, 157, 
160, 172, 173, 179, 189, 190, 204, 209, 
210, 211, 218, 227, 229, 232, 243, 247, 
248, 268, 270, 272, 284, 286, 295. 
( Fowele, 109. 

{ Fowle, 81, 133, 190, 209, 246, 269, 297. 
( Fowles, 67. 
Foxcroft, 119. 
Foye, 107, 161. 
Francis, 18, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 42, 47, 55, 

56. 

Frankland, 34. 
Franklyn, 200. 
Frarys, 139, 140. 
Freeman, 108, 159, 206, 227. 
Frothingham, 149. 
Furnass, 151, 164. 

Gandall, 269. 

Gardiner, 177, 208, 213, 214, 217,218, 224. 

Gardner, 6, 8, 29, 35, 36, 40, 66, 67, 76, 80, 81 , 
87, 103, 109, 111, 149, 154, 157, 168, 177, 
188, 196, 199, 207, 210, 224, 228, 243, 247, 
259, 270, 275, 286, 291, 294, 307. 

Gedney, 228. 

Gee, 197, 202. 

Gerrish, 30, 34, 110, 133, 134. 

Gibbs, 143. 

Gibson, 17, 18, 77, 86, 174. 

Giddings, 191. 
( Giles, 205. 

| Gyles, 159, 207, 211. 

Gleason, 287. 



Glen, 247. 
Glocester, 240. 

Goldthwait, 1, 6, 21, 26, 29, 33, 35, 44, 62, 70, 
71, 72, 73, 77,89, 107,110, 112, 117, 131, 
132, 154, 155, 168, 175, 187, 205, 208, 220, 
236, 241, 244, 254, 267, 282, 292, 207. 
Gooch, 80, 168. 
Gooding, 7. 
Goodwell, 162. 
Gore, 29, 207, 229. 
Gough, 64. 
Gould, 5, 110. 
Gowen, 28, 
Graham, 94. 

( Grainary, The, 82, 111, 137, 287. 
\ Grainnary, The, 81. 

( Granary, The, 2, 10, 11 , 26, 31 , 40, 55, 62, 66, 
68, 72, 74, 75, 111, 137, 157, 159, 165, 161), 
172, 190, 191, 209, 211, 229, 230, 247, 248, 
250, 270, 287, 296. 

Grant, 29. 107, 131, 133, 138,149, 104, 156,160, 
162, 16S 170, 172, 177, 188, 191, 192, 196, 
205, 208, 210, 216, 218, 225, 227, 244, lUG, 
2J5, 256, 267, 269, 272, 273, 276, 282, 285, 
288, 292, 293, 294, 300, 304, 320. 
Gray, 2, 8, 48, 51, 54, 69, 70, 71, 72, 91, 107, 
110, 115, 119, 128, 132, 139, 153, 156, 15.S, 
161, 172, 176, 190, 191, 194, 195, 196, 201, 
207, 208, 209, 212, 215, 227, 229, 231, 246, 

248, 269, 270, 284, 288, 287, 204, 309. 
Great Britain, 40. 

Green, 3, 80, 82, 96, 102, 107, 138, 139, 147, 
157, 170, 171, 174, -207, 225, 226. 

Greene, 10, 40, 54, 88, 95, 102, 110, 111, 112, 
119, 122, 127, 135, 136, 13'J, 143, 140, 151, 
152, 157,158, 163, 166, 168, 171,172, 17:;, 
174, 176, 177, 190, 192,194, 198, 200, 208, 

209, 212, 213, 229, 231 , 232, 23-1, 245, 248, 
219, 251, 252, 253, 257, 258, 265, 270, 271, 
273, 274, 276, 278. 279, 281, 287, 291, 292, 
296, 297, 306, 309, 31H, 320. 

( Greenleaf, 111, 164, 237, 276, 286. 

( Greenleafe, 170. 

( Greennough, 268. 

| Greeuough, 48, 66, 80, 87, 157, 171, 191, 202, 

210, 225, 227, 247, 284, 294, 295. 
Greenwood, 111, 202, 268, 283, 293. 
Gridley, 7, 9, 32, 36, 67, 81, 154, 209, 217, 219. 
Griffin, 8, 40. 

Griffith, 230. 
Grimes, 94. 
Grouard, 30, 81. 

Gruchy, 202, 207, 247, 268. 

Gunter, 163. 

Guntor, 147. 
Gutteridge, 4. 
Gyles, see Giles. 

I Hail, 154,228, 219, 268. 
I Hale, 13S, 284. 

Hake, 7. 

Hale, see Hail. 

Haloy, 233. 

Hall, 28, 64, 79, 80, 104, 106, 132. 

Hall, Faneuil, 1, 4, 16, 17, 22, 26, 27, 36, 37, 41, 
44, 48, 52, 54, 06, 58, 61, 62, 70, 72, 76, 87, 
92,96, 102, 106, 114, 115, 121, 124, 126, 127, 
128,130,131,143, 144, 148, 153, 154,160, 
166, 167, 16d, 176, 185, 187, 194, 202, 204, 
215, 224, 225, 236, 243, 244, 255, 260, 261, 
263, 264, 265, 2G6, 267, 272, 278, 279, 282, 
288, 292, 304, 319. 

Hall, Fanuel, 97. 

Hallo well. 281. 
J Harnmet, 154, 157. 
) Hammctt, 189. 

Hammock, 79. 

Hancock, 2, 10, 20, 27, 34, 37, 43, 50, 52, 63, 
78, 83, 94, 95, 108, 131, 1:'.6, 145, 148, 149, 
153, 154, 161, 162, 168, 176, 177, 178, 183 
184, 188, 194,196, 215, 218,225, 236,241 

249, 256, 257, 258, 260, 27rt, 309. 
Hardcaetle, 284. 

Harris, 8, 67, 80, 269, 295. 



334 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



Harrison, 70, 71, 72. 

Harrod, 30, 109, 13'2, 149, 156, 171, 172, 188, 

190, 210, 269, 295. 
I Hartley, 156, 170, 190, 210, 248. 
} Hartly, 87. 
Harvey, 116, 125, 136. 

Ilasc, 108, 132, 156, 170, 190, 248, 270, 285. 
Hascy, 85. 

Hastings, 67, 80, 108, 210, 228, 248, 270, 285. 
Hutch, 90, 96. 
Hatter, 137. 
Ilaverhiii, 221, 280. 
liawdiug, 79. 
Hayes, 54. 

lloher, 7,41, 246, 269,285. 
Henchman, 3, 26, 29, 34, 62, 64, 78, 93, 102, 
104, 108, 119, 131, 155, 169, 189, 205, 216, 
217, 226, 245, 256, 268, 282, 290, 309. 
( Henley, 245. 
} Henly. 170. 
Henshaw, 188, 205, 216,217, 218, 219, 225,244, 

256, 267, 276, 282, 293, 300, 320. 
Hewes, 236, 244, 2o6, 267, 276, 282, 284, 292, 

293, 300, 320. 
Hughes, 30, 116, 245. 
Hicks, 1, 4, 115, 116, l-!9, 150, 178, 199, 213, 

243, 259, 274, 290, 307. 
Highway, The, 202. 

Hi'll, :!, 29, 51, 64, 78, 83, 84, 87, 88, 92, 95, 108, 
10U, 110, 119, 131, 133, 137, 139, 149, 152, 
154, 155, 157, 158, 162, 168, 169, 172, 174, 
175, 177, 188, 189, 192, ]96, 205, 206,207, 
203, 209,213, 216, 217,225, 226, 227,244, 
245, 247, 256, 257, 267, 268, 2>>9, 276, 281, 

282, 283, 284, 292, 293, 300, 306, 319, 320. 
Hiller, 227. 

Hill Fort, 1, 3, 5, 101, 116, 139, 142, 143, 193, 

200, 273, 278, 320. 
Fox, 45, 53, 77, 89, 101, 2J8. 
Ridge, 218. 
Ilobhs, 7, 41,67, 81, 109, 133, 157, 171, 190, 

209, 228, 269, 285, 297. 
Hodsdon, 7, :i5, 67, 80, 108, 132, 156, 170, 190, 

21U, 228, 248, 295. 

Holbrook, I, 17. 18, 26, 3?, 46, 50, 51, 62, 65, 
77, 82, 178, 199, 212, 213, 230,233,234. 237, 
243, 250, 260, 261, 274, 290, 307. 
Holland, 48, 66, bO. 
Holmes, 8, 75, 91, 102, 151, 172, 188, 205, 

207, 236. 
Homes, 230, 24$. 
Holyoke, 8,45, 50,65, 73,178, 179, 199, 212, 

228, 233, 237, 247, 259, 269, 274, 290, 307. 
Homer, 30, 245. 
Homes, nee Holmes. 
Hood, 6,41. 
Hooper, 9, 94. 

House Alms, 10, 19, 37, 50, 54, 75, 102, 110, 
152, 174, 183, 198, 199, 226, 
227, 251, 258, 273, 276, 291, 
292, 296, 297, 302. 
Bridewell, 77, 89. 
Court, 97, 185, 203. 
Gun, 90, 163, 164. 
North Granary, 201. 
Meeting, 276. 
of Correction, 319, 329. 
Powder, 77, 178, 208, 290. 
Province, 264. 
Town, 88, 186, 203. 
Watch, 10. 

Work, 10, 19, 50, 54, 75, 89, 102, 110, 
150, 151, 152, 158, 174, 198, 251, 
273, 296. 
Worke, 291. 
How, 28. 

Hubbard, 3, 8, 9, 29, 34, 36, 41 , 62, 64, 67, 78, 
81, 85, 91, 93, 102, 104, 106, 107, 108, 109, 
115, 116, 125, 129, 131, 143, 148, 155, 161, 
162, 165, 169, 176, 189, 195, 203, 205, 215. 
216, 220, 224, 226, 231, 236, 237, 243, 244, 
245, 250, 255, 260, 267, 268, 272, 277, 278, 

283, 288, 289, 290, 292, 294, 304. 
Jugbes, see Hewes. 



Humphreys, 34. 

Hunniwell, 287. 

Hunstable, 138. 

Hunt, 3, 67, 104, 118, 139, 142, 143, 190, 192, 
193, 200, 204, 207, 252, 278, 320. 

Husbands, 192. 

Hutchinson, 2, 10, 14, 17, 18, 19, 20. 21, 23, 
27, 28, 31, 34, 38, 41, 45, 46, 50, 55, 56, 58, 
63, 68, 72, 8S, 93, 95, 97, 98, 102, 107, 115, 
119, 123, 127, 129, 131, 143, 144, 148, 153, 
164, 167, 174, 176, 192, 193, 195, 206, 216, 
231. 

Hyslop, 192. 

Inches, 7, 226, 294. 
Indicott, 6, 79, 137, 152, 156. 
Indies, Spanish West, 12. 

West, 12. 

Ingraham, 67, 81, 109. 
Jnman, 2. 
Ireland, 12, 44. 
Island, Deer, 236. 
Islands, Windward, 12. 

Jackson, 4, 6, 35, 80, 84, 109, 133, 157, 158, 172, 
189, 190, 205, 206, 209, 218, 225, 227, 229, 
244, 247, 248, 249, 256, 267, 268, 270, 276, 
282, 284, 287, 292, 293, 295, 296, 300, 320. 

Jamaica, 12. 

Jarvis, 109. 

Jeffries, 1, 2, 10, 16, 20, 28, 34, 43, 93, 95, 102, 
119,149, 169, 182, 183, 188, 14, 196, 197, 
201, 205,211,212, 216, 226, 227, 235, 242, 
243, 244, 251, 256, 260, 267, 273, 275, 276, 
284, 291, 292, 293, 296, 297, 308, 309. 

Jenkins, 7, 79, 109, 120, 134, 171, 172, 191, 
209, 228, 297. 

Jennings, 35. 

Johnson, 134, 137, 163. 

Johonnot, 179. 

Jones, 18, 21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 42, 79, 80, 85, 
101, 190,204, 269, 285. 

Joy, 284, 294. 

Kenny, 94. 

Kent, 7, 41, 183, 184, 211, 213, 297, 306. 

Kilby, 18, 24, 25, 26, 42, 44,45, 47,57, 171, 184, 

241, 265. 
Kimball, 64. 
Kneeland, 80, 133, 170, 189, 210, 217, 219, 228, 

235, 246, 251, 252, 253, 254, 268, 286, 297. 
Knowles, 118, 121, 122, 124. 

( Lamott, 196. 
/ Lamotte, 196. 
Lane, 2, 4. 
Lane, Bromfield's, 145. 

Cow, 112, 116. 

Dassetts, 164. 

Green, 1, 9. 

JoyJiffs, 116. 

Long, 273, 276. 

Olivers, 116. 

Pudding, 88. 

Spring, 164. 

Wood, 177. 
Langdon, 158. 
Larrabee, 71, 89, 111, 114, 117, 138, 160, 165, 

177, 200, 201. 
Laughton, 191. 
Lawlor, 132, 170. 
Lavrson, 7. 
Leblond, 233, 245. 
Lee, 8, 35, 81, 86, 104, 190, 209, 217, 219, 285, 

296. 

Leverett, 67, 143, 149, 207, 229, 245, 285, 294. 
Lewis, 2, 9, 29, 58, 60, 74, 75, 78, 102, 104, 106, 

123, 161, 195. 
Lloyd, 236. 

London, 12, 18, 21, 26, 42, 184, 241, 265. 
Loring, 89, 207, 209, 283. 
Louisbourg, 124, 260. 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



335 



I Level, 134, 164, 178, 196, 208, 212, 242, 307. 

\ Lovell, 1, 2, 3, 14, 17, 18, 83, 134, 259, 274, 

( 290. 

Low, 170, 191, 210, 284, 294. 
Lowdcr, 134, 158, 173. 
LoweH, 157, 267. 
Luce, 24. 
Ludgate, 241. 
Lyman, 2. 

Maccarty, 190, 209, 229. 

Maccoy, 79. 

Mackey, 66, 109. 

Maddocks, 250. 

Man, 229. 

Marblehead. 12, 100, 221, 240, 280, 281. 

March, 79, 170, 190,210. 

Marion, 2, 3, 14, 62, 65, 75, 122, 143. 

Mariot, 87, 247. 

Market, Kaneuii, 4. 

F?Jieuil Hall, 1, 4, 17, 19, 20, 22, 36, 
50, 58, 60, 68, 69, 75, 78, 81, 86, 
88, 90, 94, 101, 110, 114, 115, 120, 
124, 132, 135, 137, 140, 141, 142, 
144, 153, 155, 158, 159, 164, 172, 
182, 191, 201, 20fi, 208, 209, 213, 
214, 217, 224, 225, 227, 229, 232, 
285, 254, 260, 297, 298, 305, 316, 
327. 

Fish, 158. 
North, 4, 31. 
South, 4, 39. 

Markett Faneuil Hall, 271, 286. 
Marrow, 205. 

Mnrsh, 4, 87, 133, 157, 297. 
Marshal], 41. 
Martyn, 120. 
Maryland, 239, 280. 
Mason, 207, 229, 248. 
Mather, 34, 94, 106, 149, 177, 194, 216, 255, 275, 

291, 308. 
Maverick, 149. 
May, 35, 
5! ay hew, 160. 
McDaniel, 216. 
Mclntire, 4, 228. 
McKean, 108. 
Mcmillian, 229. 
< McNeal, 7. 
} McNeil, 211. 
Medford, 100, 221, 239, 280. 
Merchant, 40, 68, 80, 170. 
Middletown, 239. 
Miller, 287. 
Milliken, 110. 
Milton, 223, 224. 
Minot, 63. 

Mitchell, 226, 230, 236. 
( Moberley, 109, 133. 
} Moberly, 6, 41, 68, 81, 156. 
Moffatt, 295. 
Molineauz, 64. 
Monk, 29. 
Moore, 67, 108, 132, 170, 191, 210, 228, 248, 

270, 294. 
j More, 80, 156. 
j Mower, 81. 
Morley, 207, 229. 
Morris, 5. 
Morse, 94. 
Moulin, 53, 64. 
Mower, gee More. 
\ Mucbclroy, 134. 
/ Muckleroy, 160 
Mulling, 94. 

( Nantucket, 100, 221, 239, 240, 281. 

) Nantuckett, 280. 
Neck, 174. 
Neck, The, 2, 11, 63, 66, 103, 158, 166, 223, 

279, 283, 300, 306, 320. 
Boston, 279, 289. 

4 Nesbett, 7. 

t Nesbitt, 35. 



Newbury, 100, 221, 238, 239, 240, 280, 281. 
Newell, 67, 133, 134, 154, 157, 170, 171, 191, 

228. 

New England, 238, 240, 262, 280. 
Newfoundland, 100, 221, 239, 280. 
New Hampshire, 85, 239, 280, 282, 292, 305. 
New Haven, 239- 
New London, 239. 

Newman, 35, 108, 110, 157, 171, 172, 191. 
Newport, 239. 
New York, 84, 221, 239, 280. 
Nichols, 7, 107, 109, 133, 136, 154, 171, 191, 

192,210, 227, 246, 269, 285, 294. 
Norton, 118, 192. 
Norwich, 239. 
Nova Scotia, 239, 280. 
Nowell, 80. 
Noyes, 118, 171, 190, 269, 285, 295. 

Oliver, 3, 17, 29, 34, 45, 46, 51, 58, 64, 72, 76, 
78, S3, 07, 108, 119, 122, 127, 129, 131, 135, 
136, 142, 145, 147, 155, 161, 167, 169, 176, 
189, 192, 205, 207, 210, 216, 226, 228, 229, 
241, 245, 246, 248, 256, 237, 262, 263, 264, 
268, 272, 282, 18, 293, 297, 308. 

Osborne, 77, 90, 93, 96, 123, 161, 195, 245, 283, 
308. 

Osgood, 64, 109. 

Overing, 32. 

Owen, 113. 

Oxnard, 36, 75, 102, 119, 158, 167, 227, 251. 

f Pain, 94, 109, 156, 170, 269. 

J Paine. 6, 41, 68, 81, 95, 113, 117, 118, 122, 

1 128, 178, 191, 210, 227, 246, 285, 294. 

I Payne, 133, 186. 
Palfrey, 48, 66, 116, 158, 163. 
Palmer, 26, 42, 44, 47, 56, 57, 171, 241. 
Parker, 5, 35, 38, 53, 54, 64, 77, 82, 110, 132, 

135, 143, 155, 173, 189, 210, 218, 228, 237, 
245, 246, 257, 295. 

Parkman, 40, 41, 66, 68, 73, 74, 80, 81, 204. 
Parrott, 86. 

I Patten, 284, 294. 

I Pattin, 7, 207, 233, 245, 24, 268, 284, 294. 
Paul, 171. 
Payae, *ee Paine. 
Payson, 67, *0, 157, 196, 192, 204, 211, 232, 

243,249,271,287,298. 
Pearson, 257. 
Peck, 270, 284, 286, 294. 
Pecker, 5, 35, 40, 44, 64, 82, 110, 114, 11, 132, 

136, 155, 190, 294. 
Peiree, 37, 62, 65. 
Pemberton, 267, 268, 275, 308. 

| Pcotulvania, 239. 
j Pensylvania, 280. 
Perkins, 3, 28, 64, 134, 209. 
Philadelphia, 221, 239. 
i Philips, 139. 

| Phillips, 3, 29, 4, 78, 83, 198, 109, 131, 133, 
139, 149, 155, 158, 166, 167, 169, 170, 172, 
185, 189, 204, 205, 206, 207, 216, 217, 220, 
226, 227, 229, 245, 247, 25, 257, 263, 265, 
266, 268, 278, 279, 282, 284, 288, 290, 292, 
293, 295, 304. 
Phipps, 238. 

Pbips, 180, 185, 203, 220, 223, 301. 
Pickman, 83, 108, 149. 
Pierpont, 248. 
Pigeon, 147, 207, 267. 
Pike, 205. 
Pitman, 154, 272. 

Pitts, 161, 167, 236, 237, 256, 290, 291, 29*. 
I Plimouth, 239, 240. 
I Plymouth, 12, 100, 221, 280, 281. 
Point Windmill, 139, 142, 143, 152. 
Hudson's, 196, 202. 
Pullin, 236. 

Pollard, 27, 84, 86, 104, 105, 258. 
Pond, 295. 
Pond Mill, 37. 

Wheeler's, 17, 18, 62, 65, 232, 234, 237, 
242. 



336 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



Potter, 157, 171, 190, 209, 227, 246, 269, 285, 297. 
Powell, 192. 

Prat, 174, 193, 206, 279, 296, 301, 304, 305, 

309, 319. 

Pratt, 135, 183, 184. 
Price, 247. 
Prince, 26, 69, 70, 71, 72, 119, 161, 168, 195, 

216, 256, 304. 
Prltehard, 190. 
Procter, 4, 26, 39, 50, 65, 107, 179, 192, 213, 

237, 249, 259, 275, 291, 307. 
Proctor, 113, 116, 134, 150. 
Prout, 17, 34, 45, 58, 189. 
Provence, 211. 
Providence, 239, 280. 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay, 98, 180, 

185, 203, 238, 262. 
Pulling, 295. 
Pyncheon, 275, 308. 

Quincy, 29, 110, 112, 119, 127, 128, 129, 167, 
172, 177, 196, 204. 

Ramar, 211. 

Rand, 1, 2, 27, 38, 40, 46, 53, 54, 63, 77, 78, 86, 
88, 111, 113, 172, 177, 13, 193, 211, 245, 
287. 
Ray, 5, 35, 67, 138, 170, 191, 210, 228, 248, 270, 

285, 294. 
I Raymand, 294. 
| Raymond, 79, 246. 
Rca, 188. 

Read, 9, 23, 34, 56. 
i Kenken, 35. 
t Renkin, 81- 157. 
Rhode Island, 85, 221, 222, 239, 280, 282, 292. 

305. 

Rhodes, 283, 295. 
Richards, 6, 41, 68, 81, 109. 
Richardson, 3, 226, 249. 
( Ridgaway, 29, 133, 157, 211, 233. 
j Ridgway, 284. 
River Neponsit, 213, 222, 223. 
Roberts, 66, 211. 
Roby, 5, 6, 44, 67. 
Roger, 190. 
Rogers, 3, 29, 64, 78, 108, 192, 207, 229, 245, 

269. 
Ropewalk Barton's, 51. 

Harrisons 116. 
| Roulston, 62, 65. 
j Roulstpne, 37, 64. 
Rouse, 95. 

Rowe, 28, 236, 269, 284, 292, 295, 296, 309. 
Ruddock, 6, 35, 38, 80, 104, 114, 138, 160, 172, 
192, 200, 201, 202, 211, 231, 232, 243, 249, 
271, 276, 287, 296, 298. 
Ruggles, 228, 248. 

Russell, 6, 7, 35, 41, 86, 109, 132, 133, 156, 158, 
168, 170, 172, 189, 191, 192, 211, 232, 243, 
246, 251, 253, 254, 257, 270, 285, 294. 
Ryder, 170. 

Salem, 12, 100, 221, 239, 240, 280, 281. 
Salisbury, 67. 

Baiter, , 11, 27, 40, 44, 50, 52, 63, 66, 68, 78, 
80, 81, 84, 94,96, 107, 111, 119, 131, 133, 
135, 149, 154, 162, 168, 177, 188, 216. 
Sanders, 192, 229. 
Sargent, 41. 
Sergeant, 109, 133, 171. 
Serjant, 81. 

, Serjeant, 67,157, 190. 
Sault, 54, 67, 81, 109, 133, 157, 171, 190, 209, 

228, 247. 
Savage, 3, 28, 30, 157, 171, 191, 194, 209, 229, 

284, 294. 

Savel, 80, 133, 157, 171, 190, 209, 254. 
School, North Gramer, 134, 135. 

Grammar, 1, 8, 10, 17, 34, 62, 
65, 73, 94, 119, 149, 162, 164, 
242, 259, 274, 276, 290, 292, 
807, 309. 



School, North Grammer, 177, 178, 196, 199, 

212, 216. 

Writing, 1, 3, 4, 10, 34, 65, 94, 
115, U6, 119, 149, 150, 162, 177, 
178, 179, 196, 199, 213, 216, 
243, 259, 274, 276, 290, 292, 307, 
309. 
South Grammar, 1, 9, 17, 18, 34, 77, 

93, 94, 162, 242, 243, 259, 274, 275, 
276, 290,291,307,309. 

Grammer, 119, 134, 149, 174, 171, 178, 

196, 199, 212, 213, 216, 292. 
Latin, 147, 178. 
Writing, 9, 17, 18, 34, 62, 75, 77, 82, 

94, 119, 149, 162, 177, 178, 179, 
199, 212, 213, 216, 230, 233, 260, 
276, 292, 309. 

The Latin, 143. 

The Writing, 46, 51, 94, 119, 149, 162, 
177, 178, 179, 196, 212, 216, 234, 
237, 243, 259, 261, 274, 275, 276, 
290, 291, 292, 307, 309. 

iScollay, 158, 189,190, 206, i!09, 227, 229, 244, 
247, 248, 267, 268, 270, 276, 282, 
284, 287, 292, 293, 295, 296, 300, 
320. 
Scolley, 7, 84, 109, 133, 172. 
Sconce, The, 43, 51, 73, 74, 91. 
Scott, 134, 157, 229, 245. 
Scottow, 67. 
Scudder, 269. 

Scutt, 204, 211, 232, 243, 249, 271, 287, 298. 
Sears, 66, 80, 202, 285. 
Sellon, 86. 
Sergeant, J 

Serjant, > see Sargent. 
Serjeant, ) 
Service, 7, 30. 
Sewall, 9, 22, 29, 93, 102 149, 154, 177, 198, 

216, 225, 256, 275, 288, 292, 308. 
Shaw, 109, 252. 

( Bheafe, 5, 20, 29, 33, 70, 71, 72, 73. 
{Sheaff, 111,117. 
( Sheaffe, 110, 112, 117. 
Shed, 271. 
Shepard, 207,211. 
Sherburn, 34, 200, 256. 
Sherburne, 101, 162, 226, 228, 245, 268, 281, 

283. 

Sherman, 247. 
Shirley, 9, 98, 106, 121, 122, 123, 124, 127, 130, 

260, 261, 262, 264, 265, 279. 
Sigourney, 7, 269. 

{Simmes, 210. 
Simms, 191. 
Symes, 294. 
Symmes, 81, 109, 136, 156, 170, 227, 245, 246, 
269, 285. 
Symrng, 133. 
Simpkins, 5, 8, 287. 
Simpson, 6, 7, 29, 37, 66, 79, 132, 171, 188, 191, 

228, 269, 283, 295. 
Skilling, 64. 
Skinner, 8, 67, 81. 
Smibert, 135. 
Smith, 110, 133, 170, 178, 183, 184, 247, 268, 

285, 295. 

Snelling, 202, 207. 
Snow, 228, 230, 286. 
Snowden, 8. 
Southack, 154. 
Southouck, 136. 
Speakman, 28. 
Spear, 246, 269, 285, 293, 297. 
Spooner, 168, 202, 309. 
Sprague, 35. 
Square, Dock, 10, 18, 209, 213, 214, 215. 

Still House, 37, 52, 274. 

Stamford, 4, 20, 22, 29, 33, 35, 36, 50, 68, 70, 
71, 72, 73, 75, 77, 88,94, 95, 101, 
114, 153, 177. 
Stayner, 249. 
St. Christophers, 26. 



INDEX OF NAMES, 



337 



{Steel, 2, 10, 20, 27, 33, 34, 43, 50, 52, 63, 77, 
78, 94, 95, 103, 104, 107, 119, 124, 
131, 145, 149, 154, 155, 162, 168, 177, 
187, 188, 205, 216, 213, 225, 236. 
Steele, 73, 74, 179, 244, 274, 276, 891, 309. 
Stevens, 4, 202. 
Stewall, 216. 

Stoddard, 1, 40, 66, 80, 161, 172, 209, 269, 285. 
Storer, 29, 64, 78, 108, 131, 149, 155, 169, 189, 

205, 226, 245, 256, 268, 282, 293. 
Story, 4, 69, 79, 207, 299, 319. 
Stow, 245. 

Stream Mill, 196, 202. 
Street, Anne, 250. 

Atkinson, 112, 113. 
Beacon, 27, 37, 250. 
Brattle, 164. 
Hanover, 207, 258, 269. 
Hawkins, 37, 62. 
King, 150. 
Lynn, 202. 
Middle, 223. 
Milk, 77, 90, 96, 112. 
Moon Court, 254. 
Orange, 208. 
Pleasant, 218. 

Purchase, 46, 48, 51, 76, 116. 
Queen, 10, 34, 65, 73, 94, 119, 149, 162, 
177, 178, 179, 180, 196, 199, 
212, 216, 234, 237, 245, 258, 
259, 261, 274, 475, 276, 290, 
291, 292, 307, 309. 
School, 145, 146, 147, 163. 
Sconce, 51. 
Ship, 2V6. 

Sudbury, 26, 37, 45, 52. 
Summer, 51. 
Treamount, 204. 
Union, 94. 
Water, 113, 116, 118, 125, 136, 151,164, 

166, 252, 299, 300. 
Winter, 26, 36, 39. 
Stukcly, 247. 
Sturgis, C4. 
Sumner, 192. 
Surcomb, 108. 
Swooteer, 81. 
Swinncrton, 26, 39, 60. 
Symcs, 1 

Symmes, | see Simmea. 
Symms, ) 



I Tayler, 67. 

Taylor, 35, 80, 91, 149, 294. 

Thacher, 79, 133, 231, 271, 273, 292, 296, 
\ 297, 299, 309, 319. 
< Thatcher, 157. 
Thayer, 2. 35, 87, 110, 133, 205, 207, 229, 248, 

270, 286, 293, 294. 
Thomas, 7, 35, 41, 66, 67, 68, 81, 109, 133, 157, 

in, SOT. 

Thompson, 267, 308. 

Thornton, 7, 35, 67. 

Thwiug, 2, 7, 35, 113, 158, 171, 189, 194, 200, 

227, 248, 268, 278, 281, 284. 
Tilden, 29, 118, 165. 
Tileston, 7,30, 80, 170, 190, 228, 298. 
Tilestone, 67, 132, 156, 170, 210, 228, 248, 

269, 285, 294, 298. 
Tilley, 45, 53. 
Ting, 86. 
Todd, 171,211. 
Tolman, 64. 
Torrey, 86, 88, 190, 207, 219, 228, 247, 252, 

253. 

Towle, 227, 285. 

Townsend, 154, 171, 191, 214, 285. 
Trail, 170. 

Training Field, The, 111, 326. 
Treat, 132, 171, 190, 209, 228, 246, 269, 285, 

297. 

Trench, 170. 
Trott, 233. 



Tuekcnnan, 86, 170, 261. 

Tudor, 44, 200, 205, 206, 226, 231, 246, 2t, 
268, 290, 293. 

Tyler, 3, 6, 29, 64, 78, 89, 91, 95, 108, 119, 131, 
155, 157, 169, 170, 171, 189, 191, 196, 
200, 206, 214, 216, 220, 226, 227, 247, 
251, 265, 268, 273, 283, 2S4, 293, 295, 
296, 297, 807, 820. 

Tyng, 58, 107, 131, 136, 145, 148,149, 154, 161, 
163, 176, 195, 215, 266, 271, 272, 277, 
284, 289, 305. 

Usher, 8fl. 

Vans, 104, 106, 145. 

Vergoose, 41, 8, 81, 109, 133, 156, 170, 190, 
191, 209, 210, 227, 246, 269, 285, 
292. 

Vial, 80. 
Vinal, 307. 
Vincent, 285, 295. 
Vinteuon, 6, 41, 64, 67. 
Virbert, 108. 

* Virginia, 239. 

I Virginnia, 280. 

Wadsworth, 3, 17, 19, 29, 50, 52, 68, 71, 75, 

79, 101, 110, 119, 120, 123, 132, 149, 151, 

155, 161, 165, 169, 174, 182, 183. 
Wakefleld, 104. 

Waldo, 9, 112, 161, 192, 205, 270, 286, 294. 
Wales, 192, 270, 294. 
Walker, 3, 29, 40, 64, 78, 94, 108, 131, 135, 149, 

155, 169, 189, 200, 205, 211, 226, 245, 249, 

256, 265, 268, 282, 293, 296. 
Walley, 58, 60, 78, 105, 107, 118, 119, 121, 128, 

173, 178, 183, 184, 217, 232, 251, 252, 253, 

254, 288. 

Wallis, 64, 70, 139, 211, 228. 
; Wardel, 300. 

\ Wardell, 1, 8, 35, 101, 125, 174. 
Warden, 67, 68, 80, 81, 108, 109, 133, 156, 210, 

228, 248, 285. 
Warland, 295. 
Watch, Merchants, 46,51. 
Waterhouse, 226, 245. 
Waters, 109, 133, 164, 192, 230, 248. 
Watertown, 100, 221, 239, 280. 
Watt, 111, 137, 188, 214. 
Watts, 195. 
Webb, 2, 5, 8, 62, 67. 
Wellsted,208,216. 
Welch, 4, 113, 138, 153, 173, 175, 207, 248,285, 

294. 

{Welles, 23, 24, 25, 56, 58, 60, 72, 79, 83, 88, 
89, 92, 93, 95, 100, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 
122, 127, 135, 149, 167, 174, 178, 183, 184, 
193, 206, 208, 213, 216, 217, 220, 229,231, 
232, 236, 255, 258, 279, 289, 292, 305. 
Wells, 6, 37, 166, 207, 268, 283, 284. 
Welsteed, 44, 93, 149, 177, 187. 
Wendell, 3, 17, 29, 32, 33, 51, 52, 64, 77, 78, 
83, 88, 92, 93, 95, 103, 108, 119, 120, 131, 
135, 136, 147, 149, 155, 168, 169, 173, 175, 
189, 195, 201, 205, 207, 216, 225, 226, 229, 
231, 245, 255, 267, 268, 273, 274, 282, 293. 
Wentworth, 174, 175, 197, 283, 289. 
West, 154, 233. 
Wharf, Hills, 103. 
Old, 42. 
Welles's, 103. 
Wharff, Long, 92. 
Wharffe, Anstram's, 125. 
Cheever's, 103. 
Clark's, 92, 103. 
Griffin's, 103. 
Hubbard's, 103. 
Jones, 103. 
Long, 103, 150. 
Marion's, 103. 
Scarlet's, 158. 
Town's, 125. 
Wendell's, 91, 103. 



338 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



Wheeler, 138, 143, 158, 171, 228, 232, 234, 247, 

269, 295. 
Wheelwright, 10, 54, 75, 102, 134, 151, 161, 

174, 182, 194, 195, 197, 212, 216, 227, 251, 

276, 284, 295. 
White, 1, 3, 6, 8, 39, 41, 62, 65, 68, 69, 71, 73, 

74, 77, 78, 81, 83, 84, 88, 89, 92, 95, 103, 

104, 109, 111, 113, 117, 133, 151, 158, 160, 

166, 172, 177, 189, 209, 227, 246, 268, 269, 

284, 285, 28 J, 294, 297, 306. 
Whitehall, 22. 
Whiting, 110, 154. 
Whittemore, 5, 171. 
Whitwell, 86. 
Wigglesworth, 245. 
Wiliard, 64, 128, 130, 161, 275. 
Williams, 27, 30, 33, 35, 41, 44, 67, 73, 75, 79, 

80, 81, 109, 133, 135, 189, 194, 200, 233, 

248, 274, 278. 



Willis, 35, 39, 63. 

WilliBton, 37, 38, 64. 

Willoughby, 10, 26, 31, 55, 66, 72, 74, 75. 

Wilson, 35, 67, 109, 157, 172. 

Winship, 157. 

Winslow, 4, 10, 34, 75, 102, 110, 149, 151, 

158, 161, 173, 189, 210, 212, 218, 231, 

246, 248, 257, 267, 270, 276, 281, 286, 

2a4, 309. 

Winter, 7, 35, 79, 132, 171, 208. 
Winthrop, 36. 
Wiswall, 1, 8, 17, 18, 134, 178, 199, 212, 246, 

259, 274, 290, 307. 
Wiswell, 242. 



York, 240, 281. 
Young, 35, 136, 164. 



INDEX OF PLACES AND SUBJECTS, 



Abbreviations : A. house ; 1. land ; w.h. 



Ablutions in public, complaint of, 318, 329. 
Accounts, auditing of Treasurer's, 10, 19, 20, 
60, 54, 75, 110, 120, 
152,158,174,211,212, 
225,227,251,254,273, 
276,291,292,296,297. 
lotteries, 320. 
batteries, 58, 77. 
selectmen's, 198. 
granaries, 10, 75, 191. 
Overseers of the Poor, 
10,19, 50,54,75,102, 
110,152,174,225,226, 
227,251,254,276,291, 
292, 296, 297. 

Admiralty, Lords Commissouers of the, 219. 
Agents, 67. 

choice of, to represent the Province 

at London, 184, 265. 
instructions to be drawn up for, 184, 

265. 

papers, etc., transmitted to, 265. 
Albany, agreement of commissioners at, 266. 
Aliens. (See Foreigners, or aliens.) 
Almshouse, 37, 198, 199, 254, 302. 

loan for, authorized, 183. 
accounts of 10, 19, 50, 54, 75, 102, 
110, 152, 174, 225, 226,227,251, 
273, 276, 291, 292, 296, 297. 
(See alto Workhouse.) 
America, 219. 

North, 181. 
Anne street, 250. 
Arms, presented to the town, 68. 
Arrack, tax on. (SeTax.) 
Artillery company, the, taxes of, to be re- 
mitted, 177. (Seeal-io Taxes.) 
Assembly or General Court, 11, 12, 16, 22, 27, 
3D, 31, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 49, 50, 
57,71, 72, 74, 76, 8'?, 93,95,97, 
98, 100, 102, 115, 117, 148, 153, 
161, 177, 178, 180, 181, 182, 183, 
184, 185, 186, 187, 194, 203, 207, 
213, 215, 217, 220, 222, 223, 234, 
236, 238, 241, 250, 255, 258, 261, 
263, 266, 272, 273, 275, 277, 278, 
288, 290, 296, 300, 301, 302, 304, 
308. 
reference to memorial of 1735, 12, 

95-6, 98, 183. 

memorial to be presented to, 178, 
180-81, 185, 187, 203, 220-22, 234, 
238, 275, 279, 280, 301. 

Assessors, 19, 20, 21, 44, 46, 48, 70, 71, 114, 
151, 177, 184, 193, 200, 203, 208, 
254, 268, 275, 283, 298, 302, 307. 
appointed, 5, 6, 35, 64,82,110, 132, 
155, 173, 174, 189, 210, 228, 246, 
257, 286, 297. 

to sit upon abatements, 20, 34, 35, 
72, 73, 77, 89, 90, 111, 112, 137-8, 
158, 160, 174, 193, 212, 218, 230, 
249, 271-2, 287, 298-9. 
books, 33,40, 41,42, 45,46, 61,69, 
70, 89, 114, 138, 151, 156, 173, 191, 
210, 231, 249, 271, 288-7, 298. 
suit between, and Oliver et at., 

263, 297, 31)8. 
Atkinson street, 112, 

bounds of, 112. 



Bakers, 280. 

regulating of, 2. (See also Tradesmen.) 
Ballot-boxes, 212. 
Barton's Ropewalk, 61. 
Batteries, 44, 46, 48, 49, 88, 89, 90, 91, 101. 

encroachments on lands, 27, 31 , 32. 

33, 
to be erected, 44. 

within twelve months, 

39,43. 

repairs of, 42, 43, 91. 
accounts of builders of, to be au- 
dited, 58, 77. 
Battery, south, 51, 91, 92, 101, 278-9. 

lands. 27, 31, 32, 33, 116, 274. 
repairs of, 43, 73, 77, S3. 
north, 42, 48, 49, 78, 83, 92, 95, 103, 

170, 182, 274. 
captaiu of the, 179. 
stores for, 182. 
Beacon street, 27, 37. 

abutters on, 250. 
Beef. (See Trade, imports.) 
Beef hides, and tallow, etc., 222, 229, 239, 280. 
sold in Faneul 1 market, 
monies for, 141,158-9. 

Bells, ringing of, 4, 25, 26, 45, 49, 62, 65, 69, 73, 
75, 138, 164, 173, 198, 208, 
227, 229, 272, 288, 317. 
allowance for, 26, 38, 272. 
ringers, petition of, 37, 38, 272. 

allowance, 49, 272. 
tolling of, at burials, 120, 121. 
the passing-bell, 121. 
failure to ring, as notification of town 

meeting, 124. 

order concerning sleigh-bells, 313, 324. 

Bills, of credit (old tenor) , 2, 4, 8, 10, 17, 18, 19, 

21,27,28,30,31,48,50,52,59, 

63, 65, 75, 77, 79, 82, 83, 101, 

104, 107, 113, 115, 116, 117, 

118, 120, 135, 136, 137, 142, 

151, 154, 159, 160, 164, 165, 

170, 175, 182, 187, 188, 234. 

(new tenor) 77, 107, 163, 173, 

182. 

of other governments, 205, 
225, 226, 234-5, 244, 267,282, 
284, 292, 293, 305. 
of the last emission, 126. 
Connecticut, 305. 
New Hampshire, 305. 
Rhode Island, 305. 
of Exchange, 239, 280. 
Books. (See Records, etc.) 
Boston, 1, 12, 16, 19, 22, 24, 26, 30, 32, 33, 34, 
41, 42, 43, 44, 48, 49, 60, 64, 56, 57, 58, 60, 
62, 70. 72, 75, 76, 85, 87, 92, 93, 96, 97, 98, 
99, 100, 101, 102, 104, 105, 106, 114, 115, 
116, 117, 119, 120, 121, 122, 124, 126, 127, 
128, 130, 131, 135, 140, 142, 143, 144, 147, 
148, 151, lt,2, 153, 160, 161, 163, 166, 167, 
163, 173, 176, 178, 180, 181, 182, 184, 185, 
187, 190, 194, 195, 197, 202, 203. 204, 215, 
216, 217, 219, 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 236, 
238, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 244, 252, 254, 
255, 256, 258, 260, 262, 263, 264, 266, 267, 
272, 274, 275, 277, 278, 279, 280, 281, 282, 
288, 292, 302, 304, 308, 310, 318, 319, S20, 
821, 330. 



340 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



Boston Neck. (See Neck, the.) 
Boston Weekly Post Boy, (newspaper) let- 
ters of the Governor to Sec. Willard, 
128, 129. 

Boundaries (See Lands, etc.) 
Bounties for inlistment, 296. 
Brattle street, paving of lanes leading to 

church in, 104. 
Bread, 239. 
Breadstuff's, 10, 31, 75, 82, 111, 137, 159, 169, 

211, 130, 239, 247, 270, 280, 287, 296. 
Brick or lime kilns, law concerning, 312, 323. 
Bridewell. (See House of Correction.) 
Bridge, Oliver's, 125. 

swing, to rebuild, 139. 

over Neponset river, 213, 222, 223, 

224. 

draw, 223. 

in Middle street, 223. 
Bristol, 100. 
Bromfteld's lane, 145. 
Building, petition to erect, 137, 196. 
permit to remove, 147. 
erected, 162. 

Bulls, town. (See Cattle.) 
Burial-places, 257, 264. 

petition concerning burial of 
strangers and negroes, 45, 63. 
(Ste also Sextons, etc.) 
to be provided at the south 

part of the town, 62. 
south, 64, 137, 139. 

digging graves, 64, 65. 
crowded condition of, 

257. 
price for digging graves to be 

fixed, 120. 
King's Chapel, 136, 145, 146, 

237, 242. 
bodies in, to be 
removed, 146. 
monuments in, 

146. 
on the Common, boundaries 

of, 152. 
old burying-place, 173. 

tombs bnilded in, 

173. 
burials, to better regulate, 86, 

120, 121. 

Butchers. (See Trade.) 
By-laws. (See Orders, town.) 



Cadets, company of, bill granting certain 

liberties to, to prevent, 258. 
Cambridge, 251, 253, 283. 

general court held at, 223. 
Cape Briton (Breton), 56, 68, 72, 83, 84, 85, 

122. 
Island of, governor of, 118, 122. 

sea coal from, 118, 122, 

124. 

Carts, trucks, etc. (See Truckage and Cart- 
age.) 

Casco Bay, 240, 281. 
Castle, the, 91, 1'Jft. 

Island. (See also Fortifications.) 
William. (See Castle, the.) 
Catholics within the town to be subject to 

surveillance, 103, 105. 
vote on law concerning, 105. 
Cattle, 229, 231, 316. 

agreement for purchase of, 141, 144. 
purchase and support of, 198. 
at large, 316, 326-27. 

Channel, the, hulks of vessels to he purchased 
and sunk in, in case of attack on town, 
78, 91, 92, 102. 
Charities, 222, 240, 28t. 
Cbarletown, 100, 261, 253, 280. 

distilleries, 221, 239. 

Chelsea, Township of, purchase of land 
called Pullin Point, 230. 



Chimneys, concerning, 27, 38, 45, 53, 54, 63, 
217, 258, 290, 31'), 
321, 322. 

sweepers of, 310, 321- 
22. 

allowance, 

310. 

surveyors of, 310. 
China, tax on. (5eeTax.) 
Christ Church, cleansing, etc., of the clock 

upon, 173. 
Clocks, 

on Christ church, cleansing, etc., of, 

173. 
Coaches, chariots, chaises, etc., tax on. (See 

Tax.) 

Codflshery. (See Fisheries.) 
Coffee, tax on. (See Tax.) 
Commerce. (See alto Trade.) 
Commissioners of the several governments. 

(See Albany.) 

Common, the, *7, 140, 208, 315-16, 327. 
rails (fencing), 27, 37. 
herbage of, to be preserved, 

27, 37, 315. 
Fox hill on, 45, 53, 77, 89, 90, 

101, 218. 
powder-house on, 178, 208, 

290. 
proposition to fence in certain 

part of, 111. 

training field, 111,316, 326. 
burying-ground on, 139, 152, 

262. 

cattle on, 231, 316, 326-27. 
road adjoining lands in, peti- 
tion for, 257. 
nuisances on, to prevent, 315- 

16, 326. 

school on, 46, 51 , 77, 82, 94, 119, 
149, 178, 233, 243, 260, 274, 
2frO, o07. 
marsh at bottom of, 63, 179, 

208, 214,217-18, 224. 
gunhousu on, 90, 163-4. 
Common sewer. (See Drains.) 
Companies. (See Corporations.) 
Concord, court at, 215. 
Connecticut, 85. 
Connecticut, distilleries, 239. 

bills of credit on, 282 292, 305. 

(See alxo Hills.) 
Coopers. (See Tradesmen.) 
Corn. . (See Breadstuff's.) 
Corporations : 

India, East, and Turkey Com- 
pany, 180-1. 

Linen Manufactory Com- 
pany, 234, 235. 
trade between, and Boston, 

greatly decreased, 222, 280. 
Council, members of, 39, 43, 87, 97, 9, 103, 
104,105,106,127,180, 
185,203,220,223,238, 
279, 301. 
complaint against action of, 77, 79, 

84, 87. 

County sheriff. (See Suffolk county.) 
Court, General. (See Assembly.) 

Superior. 3, 11, 32, 75, 166, 212, 252, 

278, 292, 2t*8, 308. 

Inferior, 11, 75, 183, 212, 257, 292, 298. 
of general or quarter sessions, 30, 49, 
60, 68, 79,97, 104, 105, 112, 121, 126, 
169, 180, 181, 183, 18S, 189, 213, 224, 
230, 231, 241, 246, 254, 258, 268, 284, 
292, 294, 298, 319, 330. 
of Assize, 32. 
of Record (pro tern."), 49. 
house, 97. 

rebuilding, 185. 
consumed by fire, 186. 
repairs of, 203. 
Cow lane, 116. 



INDEX OF PLACES AXD SUBJECTS. 



341 



Cowkeepers, appointed, 8, 36, 81, 109, 132, 
156, 171, 189, 210, 228, 248, 
286, 295. 
allowance, 316, 327. 

Cryers, town, appointing, 318, 329. 

Dassett's lane, 164. 

Deer, law for the preservation of, informers 
against breach of, 8, 36, 67, 81, 109, 132, 
156, 172, 190, 210. 228, 247, 270, 286, 294. 
Deer Island, lease of, 236-7. 
Diseases, infectious and epidemical, 76, 220- 

21, 234, 238. 

to prevent spread of, 120. 
nurses, physicians, etc., 

employed, 220. 
necessaries provided, 220. 
(See also Hospitals.) 
Distilleries and distilling, 12, 100, 221, 238-9, 

280. 
Dock, the, land at, sale of, 237. 

lease of, 1, 10, 155, 162, 

163, 165, 213. 
petition to erect shop on 

137. 
watch at (called Merchants'), 46, 

51. 

shops next, 86, 88, 90, 305-6. 
head of, to be filled in, 94, 125, 309. 
market (fish) at head of, 196. 
Dock Square, 209, ai3, 215. 

land at head of, 10. 

and buildings on, 18. 
encumbered by carts, etc., 214. 
Dorchester, petition of town of, respecting 
bridge over Neponset river, 
223, 224. 
repairs of, 223. 
Drains, 96, 166. 

(common sewer) , 90. 
(See also under the several streets.) 
Driving, fast, 313-14. 
Duties on various articles. (See Tax.) 

Emigration to the South, 181. 

Engine, water. (See Fires.) 

England, 181. 

Essex county, 240, 281. 

Estates. ( See Polls and Estates.) 

(Also, Lands, buildings, etc.) 
Europe, 12. 
Excise. (See Tax.) 
Excise BUI, or Act, 262, 275, 277. 

(See also Tax.) 

Falmouth, 240, 281. 

Faneuil hall, 1, 17, 22, 26, 27, 41, 44, 48, 52, 
54, 56, 58, 61, 62, 70, 72, 76, 
87, 92, 96, 97, 102, 106, 114, 
121, 124, 126, 127, 128, 130, 
131, 143, 144, 148, 153, 154, 
160, 166, 167, 168, 176, 185, 
186 187, 194, 202, 204, 215, 
224, 225, 236, 243, 244, 260, 
263, 265, 266, 267, 272, 278, 
279, 282, 288, 292, 304, 319. 
portraits in, 261, 264. 

Faneuil market, 1, 4, 17, 19, 20, 22, 50, 58, 60, 
86, 88, 90, 94, lul, 110, 120, 
124, 125, 137, 141, 155, 159, 
182, 201, 209, 213, 214, 2^5, 
227, i29, 235, 260, 271,297, 
305, 316. 

(See also Market.) 

choice of clerk for, 4, 36, 68, 

81, 142, 159, 172, 191, 2->9, 

232, 235, 254, 286, 297, 298. 

regulation of, 4, 5, 19, 20, 

142, 144, 153, 159, 316-17, 

belf aC 4, 69, 1P4, 317, 327-28. 
proposition to close, 94, 114, 

115, 132, 135, 140, 206, 208, 

217, 224-5. 



Faneuil market, lease of stalls in, 229, 317, 

328. 
Faneuil, Peter, proposition to erect arms of, 

in Faneuil hall, 26, 36, 37. 
Fees, 26. 

Ferry way street (so called), 197, 202. 
Fines and forfeitures, concerning, 1, 2, 27, 
28, 46, 49, 63, 72, 77, 78, 79, 85, 97, 
107, 120, 121, 126, 138, 148, 156, 197, 
205, 211, 226, 231-2, 235, 244, 249, 251, 
256, 267, 271, 273, 283, 287, 291, 293, 
296, 297, 298, 299, 311, 312-14, 310- 
19, 321-30. 
not otherwise appropriated to go to the 

poor, 318-19, 329. 
Fire, water engines at South End, 26, 227, 

230. 

men, 1, 3, 230. 

premium for services, 3, 26, 30. 
buckets, 27. 
town bouse consumed by (1711), 188. 

again in 1747, 186. 
of 1690, petition to be reimbursed for 

house, 257. 

concerning bonfires, order, 311, 322. 
town order for preventing danger by, 

310, 311, 321-22. 
relative to conveyance of, 

in streets, 311, 322. 

Fire-wards, choice of, 83, 84, 86, 109, 133,158, 
172, 188, 206, 207, 227, 247, 268-9, 284, 
295. 

Fish. (See Trade, Imports.) 
Fisheries, 99, 236. 

cod, decrease in, 12. 
fish, sale of, 196. 
(See also Trade.) 
Flour. (See Breadstuffs.) 
Foreigners or aliens, 127. 
Fort hill, 101, 116, 142. 

bowling green on, 1, 3, 5. 

land on, belonging to town, 139, 

342, 193, 200, '^73-4. 
near, taken by town, 320. 
Fortifications, 27, 39, 42, 43, 44, 46, 47, 48, 49, 
77, 80, 82, 83, 88, 89, 91, 92, 95, 102, 103, 
113,278. 

For hill. (See Common, the.) 
France, reference to war with, 98. 

subjects of, to be imprisoned, 104, 

105, 106. 

privateers belonging to, 56. 
incroachments of the French, 261, 

262. 

French war. (See France.) 
Funerals, better regulating of, 120, 121. 
Furs and skins. (See Trade, Imposts.) 

Gaol (Jail), 104, 105. 

Governor, the, 87, 98, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 

123, 127, 128, 129, 130. 
(Lieut.-gov.), 301. 
complaint against action of, 77, 79, 

84, 87. 
memorial to, concerning French 

subjects, 106. 
address to bo presented to, 261, 

262-3, 264. 
reply to, 264. 
papers, etc., transmitted to agents, 

265. 

letter from, 121-22, 130. 
address to, 260. 

to Secretary Willard, 128, 

129, 130. 
to, 123. 

portrait of, 260-1. 

Grain, 11, 31, 75, 82, 111, 135, 137, 197, 209. 
committee for purchasing, 11, 4U, 81, 
111, 137, 157, 172, 190, 209, 229, -J48, 
270, 287, 296. 
price of, 11, 40, 68, 81, 111, 157, 209, 

22H, 287, 296. 
engrossment of, 117. 



342 



CITT DOCUMENT No. 170. 



Granaries, 2, 10, 11, 26, 31, 40, 55, 62, 66, 68, 
72,74,75,81, 82,. Ill, 137, 357, 159, 165, 
169, 190, 191, 201, 209, 211, 229, 230,247, 
248. 250, 270, 287, 296. 

Grave-diggere. (See Sextons, and Bell- 
ringers.) 

Green lane, 1, 9. 

Guards, order to the commanding officer to 
return list of names-, 34. 

Hanover street, 207, 258-. 
Harbor, the, 43. 

capture of French privateer in, 

56. 

soundingnear Castle Williarn,91. 
Hatters. (See Tradesmen.) 
Harvard College, taxes paid for, to be re- 
mitted, 177. 
Haverhill, 280. 

distilleries, 221. 

Haward (Hoy ward.) (See Cbwkeepers.) 
Hawkins street, 37, 52. 
Hay, market, I, 8, 125, 300. 

weighing of, 8, 9,. 125, 126, 300 r 317-18, 

328-29. 

engine for, 101, 194, 328. 
at South end, 

125,126. 

to prevent engrossing, 301. 
book of entries of, 126> 318. 
Hemp wnrfFlax, surveyor of, 7, 35, 67, 81, 109, 
132,156, 172, 190, 209, 227, 246,269, 284, 
294. 

Hogreeves. (See Swine, regulating of. 
Hollis-street Church (Rev. Mr. Byles'). 37, 
227, 230,288. (See also Meeting-houses.) 
Horn alley, 90, 96. 
Hospitals, proposition to turn private house 

into, 76. 

town to prevent such a step, 76. 
(See aluo disease, infectious.) 
House of Correction, proposition to purchase, 
Jor a mad house, 77, 
89. (See also Insane.) 
whipping of slaves at, 

319. 

Hudson's Point, highway from, to mill 
stream, 196-7, 202. 

Idle and disorderly persons, influx of, 239-40. 
India, East, and Turkey companies, 180-1. 

(See also Corporations.) 
Indian corn. ( See Breadstuff's.) 
Indians, 97, 262. 

Eastern, depredations of, 261. 
Innholdcrs and retailers of strong drink, 220. 
Insane, 198. 

hospital for, to purchase Bridewell 

for, 77, 89. 

subscription to purchase honse for, 
101. See also House of Correction.) 
Ireland, great demand for rum in, 12. 

Jamaica, (Island of.) 

concerning supplies of rum at, 12. 
Jerseys, the, 280. 
Justices, 97, 104, 106, 121, 235, 256. 

failing to pay in fines, to prosecute, 
257. 

King street, 150. 

King's Chapel, 135, 136, 140, 143, 144, 151, 237, 

242. 

rebuilding of, 144. (See 
also Nfeeting-houses or 

Churches.) 

Lands or buildings, town's, 98, 117, 136, 139, 
142, 143, 155, 164, 166, 
173, 180, 186, 187, 193- 
4, 196-7, 200, 202, 208, 
209, 217, 218, 224, 234, 
235, 237, 242, 254, 258, 
261, 2'. 3-4, 278, 299, 
805, 315-16. 



Lands or buildings, purchase of, 258, 264. 
boundaries, 164, 203, 237, 

252 258 
at the dock, 1, 139, 162-3, 

232, 305-6, 309. 
on the Keck, 2, 11,63 66, 
166, 279, 283, 289, 306. 
In Green lane, 9. 
at Fort hill, 1, 3, 5, 139, 
142, 193, 200, 273-4, 278, 
320. 

the flats, 200. 
leases of, 5, 17, 39, 63, 66, 
139,140, 155,158, 162-3, 
165,166, 174-5, 179,208, 
213, 214, 218, 224, 232, 
234, 236-7, 250, 259, 261, 
305-6. 
rents, 19, 31, 100, 135, 211, 

258. 
of cellars in Court 

house, 186. 

about and near Wheeler's 
Pond, staked out, 234, 

237. 

head of Dock square, 10. 
formerly at the North 

market, 31. 

land tendered town for 
public street. 37, 45, 52. 
South market, 39. 
at South battery, 27, 31, 

32, 33, 274. 
North battery, 274. 
encroachments on, 17, 27, 

143. 

encumbrance on, 113. 
plan of, to be taken, 17, 52. 
quit-rents for, 17, 27, 139, 

140. 
Dock square, 10, 18, 209, 

213, '^14. 
in vicinity of "Wueeier's 

Pond, 18, 62, 65. 
claims on, 18, 22, 23, 24, 25, 
26,32,217,219, 235,251- 
2, 253, 254. 
quit-claim, 300. 
the Common, road adjoin- 
ing, petition for, 257. 
on Purchase street, 46, 51. 
plans of all rights to, to 
be hung up in Faneuil 
hall, 17, 52. 
marsh lands on Common, 63, 179, 208, 

217-18. 

boundaries, 218. 
to improve, 63, 158. 
lease of, li>*. 

Fox hill (on Common), 77, 89, 90. 
burial-place, boundaries (on Com- 
mon), 152. 
eastward of King's Chapel, 136, 143, 

144, 145, 146, 147. 
sale of, authorized, 136. 
near Windmill point, 139, 142. 
warehouses on, to improve, 139. 
south end of town, 139. 
land exchanged, 144-5, 146-7. 
land and marsh on the Neck, 66, 158. 

lease of, 158. 
deeds of, 116,237, 264. 
conveyance of, 145, 146. 
cellar (in School street), lease of, 163. 
House (town), built in 1657, 186. 
wooden shops north side of Faneuil 
market, 86, 88, 90, 305. 
open dock, nuisance, 305. 
ofler of land, to straighten Pudding 

lane, 88. 

desired in exchange, 116. 
desire to purchase, 116, 125, 136, 151, 

320. 
boundaries, 116. 



INDEX OF PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 



343 



Lands or buildings : Owners 

Allen, James, b., 118, 1., 139. 
Allen, Jeremiah (late), b., 
250. 

Anstram, , whf., 125. 

Atkins, Henry, et at., 1., 236. 

Barrett, , 1., 9. 

Bass, , 1., lie. 

Heighten, James, b., 118. 

Bell, , 1., 274. 

Billings, , b., 117. 

Bromfleld, Edward, b., 118. 
Bulflnch, , h., 9. 

Cheever, , whf., 103. 

Clark, , whf., 103. 

Clougb, , h., 208. 

Craister, Capt. , h., 208. 

Deblois, Gilbert and Lewis, 

1. and h., 258. 
Dolbeare, John (late), h., 

232, 237, 242. 
Dupee, Isaac, 1., 254. 
Dupee, John, b., 118. 

Edmands, Capt. BenJ. (late), 
1., 208. 

Fitch, Col. Thomas (late), 

b., 113. 

heirs of, 1., 152, 218. 
Furnaas, Jonathan (late), 
1., 151, 164. 

Gardner, Dr. Sylvester, h., 

76. 

Gee, , 1., 197, 202. 

Gibbs, , 1., 143. 

Greene, Thomas, 1., 163. 
Greenleaf, Samuel (heirs of), 

1., 164. 

Greenleaf, Stephen, 1., 111. 
Griffins, , whf., 103. 

Harvy, , 1., 116. 

Hatch, Col. , 1., 90, 96. 

Hill, , whf., 103. 

Hubbard, Joseph, 1., 116, 

143,278, whf., 103. 
Hunt, Alexander, 1., 139,142, 

193, 252, h., 200. 
Hunt, John, b., 118. 

Johnson, Henry, 1., 163. 

Jones, , whf., 103. 

Joyliff, , 1., 116. 

Kneeland, Solomon, 1., 254. 
Leverett, John, 1., 143. 

Haddocks, , h., 250. 

Marion, , whf., 103. 

Norton, John, b., 118. 
Koycs, Mrs. Katherine, b., 
118. 

Oliver, Andrew, h., TO, 1., 

262, 264. 

Oliver, Peter, 1., 46, 51. 
Oxuard, Thomas, 1., 36. 

Phillips, Gillam, 1., 88. 

Sheaffe, , 1., 111. 

Sigourney, 1., 274. 

Tilden, Christopher, b., 118, 
1., 252. 

Walley, John, b., 118. 
heirs of, 1., 254. 



Lands or buildings : Owners 

Welles, , whf., 103. 

Wells, Capt. , w. h., 37. 

Wendell, Col. , whf., 91, 

103, 1., 147. 

Wheeler, William, 1., 143. 
Winthrop, Adam, 1., 36. 
Laws, decency, sobriety, etc., breach of, to 

be punished, 318, 329. 
Leather, 281. 

sealers of, 7, 35, 40, 54, 67, 80, 87, 
108, 132, 156, 170, 190, 210, 228, 
248, 270, 285, 295. 
nupply of, 239. 
curriers, 99, 222, 252, 281. 
tanners, 99, 141, 222, 252, 280, 281. 
(See alao Tradesmen.) 
Letters, 45, 47, 48. 

reference to, from Christopher Kilby 

and Eliakim Palmer, concerning 

suit with Francis & Jones, 42, 44, 

47. 

to Christopher Kilby and executors 

of Kliakim Palmer, 241. 
to the agents (Kilby and Palmer), 

56, 57. 
to Agent Bollan, 265. 

Gov. Shirley, 262-3. 
from Gov. Shirley, 264. 

Gov. Knowles, 122. 
to Gov. Knowles, 118, 124. 
from Alexander, Lord Colvill, 219. 
from the Gov. to Sec. Willard, 128, 

129, 130. 
Limes, lemons, and oranges, tax on. (See 

Tax.) 
Linen Manufactory Company, 234, 235. (Set 

also Corporations.) 
Liquors, etc., excessive sale of, to prevent, 

216, 219-20. 

London, 12, 21, 26, 42, 184, 241, 265. 
Long lane, 273. 

Long wharf, 92. (See also Wharves.) 
Lord's Day, 126, 144, 317. 

concerning travel upon, 11. 
preaching at the workhouse on, 

150. 

driving upon, 313. 
Negroes and Indians abroad on, 

315. 

Lotteries, government, 72, 74, 75. 
tickets, 72, 74, 319-20. 
State, 279. 
Boston, 300, 320. 
Louisbourg, 124. 

garrison at, 124. 

address of congratulation to 
Gov. Shirley on his arrival 
from, 260-1. 
Lynn street, 202. 

Magna Charta, 85. 

Manners, reformation of, consideration for 

promoting, 288. 
Manufactures. (See Trade.) 
Marblehead, 100, 240, 280, 2*1. 

fishing interests of, 12, 221. 
Market, 3, 4. 

at North end, 1, 4, 26, 31. 

South end, 1, 4, 39. 
Faneuil, 1, 4, 17, 19, 20, 22, 50, 68, 
60, 62, 8fi, 88, 94, 101, 110, 
114, 115, 120, 124, 125, 
137, 141, 155, 159, 182, 
201, 213, 214, 225, 227, 
229, 235, 260, 271, 297, 
305, 316-17, 327-28. 
regulations, 4, 5, 19, 20, 
142, 144, 153, 159, 316-17, 
327-23. 

to close, 94, 114, 115, 132, 
135, 140, 206, 208, 224-5. 
stalls in, to lease, 229, 317. 
flail, 196. 



344 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



Market, hay, 1, 8, 300. 

forestalling the, 96, 132,135, 140, 141. 

142. 

loan for purchase of cattle for, 141. 
beef, bides, and tallow sold in, 141, 

158-9. 

regulating sale of bay and sand, 196. 
water carriage to and from, 2J3. 
clerks of the, 4, 5, 6, 7, 22, 35,36, 40, 
46, 48, 66, SO, 81, 87, 91, 110, 120, 
133, 141, 142, 157, 159, 171-2, 181, 
190, 191, 201, 20J, 214, 229-30, 232, 
235, 248, 254, 260, 270, 271, 286, 294, 
297, 298, 316-17, 327-28. 
Maryland, 239, 280. 

Massachusetts Bay, Colony (or Province) of, 
98, 122, 129. 160, 180, 181 , 185, 
203, 206, 217, 221, 222, 223, 
238, 239, 240, 248, 261, 2rt2, 
264, 266, 275, 277, 280, 281, 
282, 292, 293, 296, 299, 301, 
303, 305. 
town-house (1657) used by, 

186. 
reference to old charter of, 

206. 
Medford, 100, 280. 

distilleries, 221, 239. 
Meeting-houses or churches, 37, 281, 313. 

Old North, 37, 62, 65, 198, 208, 

276. 
Old South, 37, 62, 69, 73, 75, 

198. 

New South, 37, 64. 
Hollis-street church, 37, 227, 

230, 288. 

Old brick church, 38, 62, 198. 
New brick Church, 45, 49. 
King's Chapel, 135, 136. 140, 
143,144,151, 
237. 242. 
rebuilding of, 

144. 

on Brattle street, 164. 
Christ church, 173. 
Dr. 8e wall's. (See Old 

South.) 
Revs. W. Welsteed and Ellis 

Gray. (See Old North.) 
Mr. Byles'. (See Hollis- 

street Church.) 
Middle street, bridge in, 223. 
Middlesex County, 240, 281, 283. 
Middletown, distilleries, 239. 
Milk street, 77, 90, 96. 

common sewer in, 90. 
Mill pond, 37. 

stream, highway to, from Hudson's 

Point, 196-7, 202. 
Mills, 223. 

Milton, bridge at, repairs of, 223-24. 
Moon court street, 254. 

Nantucket, 100, 240, 280, 281. 

distilleries, 221, 239. 
Navigation. (See Trade.) 
Negroes and Mulattoes, 53, 315, 328, 329-30. 
keeping hogs, to prevent, 62, 

77, 91, 96-7. 
whipping of offending, 319, 329- 

30. 

riotous, 127, 193. 
idle, loitering in the street, 315, 

326. 
Neck, the, paving, 279, 300, 320. 

mending, 2, 11, 300, 320. 

lease of lands on, 63, 66, 166, 174- 

5, 283, 289. 
fortification on, 103. 
causeways over, 223. 
Neponsit (Neponset) river, bridge over, 213, 

222,223. (See also Bridges.") 
New Brick Church, 45, 49. (See also Meet, 
ing-houses.) 



New England, 238, 240, 262, 280. 

New Hampshire, 85, 239. 280, 282, 292, 305. 

New London, distilleries, 239. 

New South Church, 37. (See alto Meeting. 

bouses.) 
New York, 84, 239, 280. 

distillery at, 221, 239, 2SO. 
Newbury, 100, 240, 280, 281. 

ship-buildina at, 99, 221, 238. 
distilleries, 221, 239. 

of molasses, 238. 
Newfoundland, 100, 280. 

distilling trade with, 221. 
Newhaven (New Haven), distilleries, 239. 
Newport, 239. 
Newspapers. (See Boston Weekly Post 

Boy.) 

North America. (See America, North.) 
North Carolina, 239, 280. 
North End, market at, 1, 26. 

church at (New Brick), 49. 
bells at, 124. 

Norwich, distilleries, 239. 
Nova Scotia, 280. 

Oath, refusal to take, 214. 

Oil, train. (See Trade, imports.) 

Old Brick Church, 38, 62, 69, 198. (See also 

Meeting-houses.) 
Old North Church, 37, 62, 65, 198, 208, 276. 

(*fealxo Meeting-bouses.) 
Old South Church, 37, 62, 64, 65, 69, 73,75, 198. 

(See. also Meeting-houses.) 
Oliver's dock, 118, 163, 163, 166, 217, 219, 235, 

251-2, 253-4. 
filling up of, 165, 276. 
bridge, 125. (See also Bridge.) 
Oliver's lane, 116. 
Orange street, 208. 

Oration, Memorial, Peter Faneuil, 1, 2, 3, 14- 
16. 

entered on Records, 3. 
Orders, town, 31, 125, 141-2, 310-30. 

revision of all the, 174, 193, 
206, 271, 289, 304, 309-19, 
321-30. 
penalties for breach of, 2u6. 

297, 310-19, 321-30. 
selectmen to determine upon 

offences, 206. 
for preventing danger by fire, 

310,311,312,321-22. 
concerning bonfires, etc., 311, 

322. 
brick or lime-kiln, 

312, 323. 

warning of inhabitants of town- 
meetings, 55, 70, 124. 
concerning the guards, 34. 
law to execute, 45, 47, 49. 
streets, digging or breaking 

up, 312-14, 323. 
concerning cbimnies, 290, 310, 

312, 321-22. 
sweepers, 310, 321- 
22. 

allowance, 310. 
to be printed, 319. 
regulating carts, etc., 312-14, 

32:3-24, 325. 

fast driving. 313-14, 324, 325. 
concerning hucksters, 317, 328. 
erecting buildings, 313. 
throwing stones or snow-balls, 
or other missiles, 313-14,315- 
16, 324, 326. 

concerning vaults, 313, 324. 
sleigh-bells, 313, 324. 
regulating swine, 313, 324. 
keeping streets dean, 314, 315, 

325-6. 
nuisance on the Common, to 

prevent, 315-16, 326. 
cattle at large, 316, 326-27. 



INDEX OF PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 



Orders, town, concerning weighing of hay, 

126, 126, 317-18, 328-29. 
about scavengers, 140, 314, 

315, 325-26. 

regulating butchers, 141, 142. 
Negroes and Indians (servants) 

Idling in the streets, 315, 326. 
Negroes and servants not to 

purchase provisions, 174. 
street refuse, 299, 303-4, 312, 

314, 315. 

constables, reelection of, 66. 
keeping of hogs by negroes 

and Indians, 97. 
closing of Faneuil market, 114. 
concerning funerals, 120, 121. 
concerning millers. 248. 
regulating the market, 4, 5, 19, 

316, 317, 327-28. 

clerks of market not to buy 
provisions for others, 297, 

317, 327. 

concerning travel on the Lord's 
Day, 11, 324. 

concerning steelyards In mar- 
ket, 317, 328. 

concerning town criers, 318,329. 

laws of decency, etc., breach 
of, 318, 329. 

public bathing, 318, 329. 

concerning wells, cisterns, etc., 

318, 329. 

owners held responsible for 
misdemeanors of their slave*, 

319, 329. 

concerning trees on the Com- 
mon, 315, and town lands, 326. 
Ordnance, 32, 39, 42, 43, 66, 78, 83, 90, 91, 
92, 95, 103. 

Pensllvanla (Pennsylvania) , 239, 280. 

Philadelphia, distilleries, 221, 239. 

Pitch, tar, and turpentine. (See Trade, 1m- 

ports.) 

Pleasant street, 218. 
Plymouth, 100, 240, 280, 281. 

fishing interests of, 12. 
distilleries, 221, 239. 
Polls and estates, ratable, 13, 14, 100, 122, 

210,279,280,302,303. 
tax levied on, 19, 75, 151, 
165, 177, 197, 203, 216, 
242, 258, 274, 289, 307. 
valuation of, 165, 258, 277, 
279, 281, 282, 303. (See 
also Taxes.) 
Poor, 274. 

appropriation for, 19, 50, 76, 101, 119, 
151, 177, 197, 216, 222, 234, 237-8, 
242, 258, 307. 

fines to be used for, 97, 121. 
Increase of, 100, 222. 
purchase of wood for, 111. 
tax, 239-40. 
list of names of, annually exhibited by 

overseers, 245, 246, 254. .} ^ ;7 
charges of, 13, 281, 289, 302. 
Overseers of, 89, 150, 151, 182, 197, 198, 
205, 211, 225, 235, 245, 
246, 251, 255, 273, 276, 
290, 291, 296, 298. 308, 
to send children to school, 

50. 

loans from, to poor, 297-8, 

choice of, 3, 29, 64, 78, 108, 

131,155,169,188-9,200, 

205, 225, 245,283, 282-3, 

293, 295. 

accounts to be audited, 
10, 19, 50, 54, 75, 76, 102, 
110, 152, 158, 174, 194, 
212, 225, 227, 251, 264, 
276, 292, 297. 
petition of, 77, 80. 



Pork. (See Trade, Imports.) 
Porters. (See Tradesmen.) 
Portraits (in Faneuil hall.) 

Gov. Shirley's, concerning, 260-1, 

264. 

Powder and ammunition, 39, 42, 43, 49, 78, 
83, 90, 92, 95, 
197. 

examination of, 271 . 
supply town with, 276. 
house, 77, 83, 290. 

(See also Common.) 

Printing, advertising in the prints, 25, 123, 
130, 140, 142, 179, 193, 
214, 232, 300-1. 
tickets, 55. 
notice of sale of land, etc., 136, 237. 

of street refuse, 140. 
lease of lands (marsh) at 
bottom of the Common, 
179. 
act " to prevent disorders 

in the night," 193. 
vote concerning taxes, 299. 
weighing of hay, 300-1. 
Property, lost, to be carried, when found, to 

a given place, 73, 74. 

Province, the. (See Massachusetts Bay, Col- 
ony of.) 
house, 264. 
tax, 11, 13, 100. 185, 186, 187. 

(Seealso Tax.) 
treasurer, warrant from, 203. 
Snow (vessel), 56. 
(See also Ships, vessels, etc.) 
Provisions, 13, 9d, 141, 142, 280, 316-17, 327- 

28. 
persons bringing to town, taxed, 

20. 
to prevent, incumbrance, 

209, 317, 328. 
exorbitant price of, 132, 13o, 140, 

209, 213, 214. 
loan to purchase, 141. 
to supply Faneuil maiket wilb, 

153, 159, 317. 

apprisal of necessities of life, 214. 
subscriptions to regulate price 
of, 214-15. 

(See also Trade, imports.) 
clerk of the market forbidden to 
buy for othur than his own 
family, 297, 317, 327. 
unwholesome, to prevent eale of, 

316, 327. 

Providence, 239, 280. 
Pudding lane, 88. 

1'ulliu point. (.See Chelsea, Township of.) 
Purchase street, 48, 76. 

exchange of land in, 46. 

Queen street, 10, 258, 259, 261, 262. 

school in, 10, 34, 65, 73, 94, 119, 
149, 162, 177, 178, 179, 180, 196, 
216, 234, 237, 259, 261, 274,275, 
290-1, 292, 307, 309. 
(See also Schools.) 

Rates, collectors of, 70, 77, 79, 117, 155, 160, 
169, 172, 177, 183, 191- 
2,193,197,210-11,218, 
226, 231, 230, 244, 249, 
251, 267,271,273,286, 
287, 296, 298. 
choice of, 20, 21,29,69, 
70, 71, 112, 114, 134, 
138, 153, 154, 160, 165- 
7, 8, 192, 204, 232, 243, 
249, 298. 

tax payers evade, 240. 
assessed upon Bailors, to abate, 95, 112, 

138, 151, 193. 

unpaid, list of persons to be iued, 9, 
80, 33, 73. 



346 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



Records and papers, town, 186, 201. 

entered on, 2, 3, 137, 142-3, 147, 169, 
191,202, 219, 222, 230, 247, 252, 264, 
270, 296. 

book of, 11, 182, 211. 
book of, hay, 126. 

Registrar, County, choice of, 79, 189, 284. 
Rents and incomes, 19, 197, 211, 212, 235, 251, 

258, 273, 291, 296. 
of cellars in court-house, 186. 
quit-renu, 27,31, 139, 140. 
Representatives, 58, 71, 74, 76, 93, 104, 115, 
117, 119, 123, 127, 140, 148, 
149, 185, 188, 194, 195, 196, 
203, 206, 216, 241, 255, 256, 
258,266, 273, 275, 278, 290, 
291, 308. 

petition to, 79, 87. 
address to the, 12-14, 58-60, 

277-8. 

copy to each mem- 
ber, 60, 278. 

house of, 6, 38, 39, 43, 77, 79, 
84, 86, 98, 102, 
104, 180, 220, 
223, 238, 279, 
302. 

clerk of the, 265. 
speaker of, 97. 
choice of, 16, 17, 45, 72, 93, 
97-8, 115, 148, 153, 161, 
176, 195, 215, 226, 255, 266, 
272, 288-9, 304, 3C5. 
salary of, 176, 195. 

Rhode Island, 84, 239, 280, 282, 292, 305. 
distilleries, 221,239, 280. 
trade between, and Boston, 

f reatly decreased, 222, 239, 
80. 

Ridge hill, 218. 

Riots, concerning, 127, 129, 130. 
Roxbury, 99. 

Rum, trade in. (See Trade.) 
Rye. (See Breadstuffs.) 

Sailors. (See Ships, vessels, etc.) 
Salaries allowed, Thomas Jackson, 4. 

Peleg Wiswalt, 8, 18, 134-5, 

178, 199, 212,242, 259, 274, 

290,307. 

Francis Wllloughby, 10, 31. 
Zachariah Hicks, 116, 150, 

178,199,213,243,259,274, 

290, 307. 
John Lovell, 18, 93, 134, 

164,178,199,212,242,259, 

274, 307. 

Samuel Gibson, 18, 86, 174. 
Abia Holbrook, 18, 65, 82, 

178, 199, 212, 243, 259, 
260, 274, 290, 307. 

Abijnh Adams, 120, 164, 

182, 201, 214, 260. 
Robert Treat Paine, 178. 
Samuel Holyoke, 178, 190, 

212, 274, 290. 

Samuel Holbrook, 178, 259. 
Hon. Joseph Wadworth, 

19, 52, 75, 101, 165, 183. 
John Stanlford, 35, 50, 75, 

101. 
John Proctor, Jr., 65, 150, 

179, 213, 259, 275, 291, 
307. 

John Fenno, 82-3, 111, 137, 
159, 165, 169-70, 191, 211, 
230, 247, 270, 287, 290. 

Ellas Dupee, 193. 

Nathl. Gardner, 199, 218, 
243, 259, 275, 291, 307. 

David Jeffries, 201, 216, 
243, 260, 275, 291, 308. 

Thomas Hancock, 241. 

Isaac Dupee, 271, 297. 



Salaries allowed, John Tileston, 298. 
John Vinal, 307. 
(See also Representatives, 
Schools, Sextons, Fire, 
men, the Watch, etc.) 
Salem, 100, 240, 280, 281. 

fishing interests of, 12. 
distilleries, 221, 239. 
Scavengers, 314, 315. 

choice of, 8, 35, 67, 80, 108, 109, 
140, 149, 157, 171-2, 209, 228, 
248, 269, 285, 295. 
School street, 145, 146, 147, 163. 
Schools, 60, 147, 187-8, 197, 198, 199, 298. 

South Grammar, 9, 34, 94, 119, 149, 
162, 177, 196, 199, 
208,210,256,276, 
292, 307, 309. 
master of, 1, 17, 18, 
93, 134, 164, 199, 
208, 212, i42, 259, 
274, 290, 307. 
usher of, 17, 18, 77, 
174, 178, 199, 213, 
243, 259, 275, 291, 
307. 

North Grammar, 10, 34, 73, 94, 119, 

149, 162, 196, 216, 

276, 292, 309. 

master of, 1, 8, 17, 

18, 134, 178, 199, 

212, 242, 2o9, 274, 
290, 307. 

usher of, 1 , 62, 65. 
writing, 46, 179, 180, 187, 196, 199, 
231,233,237,243,298,307. 
North, 10, 34, 94, 115, 119, 

149, 162, 177, 196, 
216, 266, 276, 292, 
309. 

master of, 1, 3, 4, 
115, 149, 178, 199, 

213, 243, 259, 274, 
290, 307. 

usher of, 65, 116, 

150, 179, 213, 243, 
259, 275, 291, 307. 

South, 9, 17, 34, 94, 119, 
149, 162, 177, 178, 
199, 216, 256. 
addition to, 233-4. 
master of, 18, 62, 65, 
77, 212, 23o-l, 233, 
234, 260. 
usher of, 199. 
in Queen street, 9, 34, 65, 
73, 94, 119, 
149, 162, 177, 
178, 179, 180, 
196, 216, 234, 
256. 

master of, 178, 199, 
212, 237, 
259, 274, 
275, 290, 
307. 

resignation of, 261. 
appointment of new, 

261. 

on the Common, 48. 51,77, 

82, 94, 119, 149, 178, 233, 

243, 260, 274, 290, 307. 

visitation of, 9, 27, 33, 34, 65, 66, 73, 

89, 93, 94, 119, 120, 

148, 161, 162, 176-7, 

195, 196, 215-16, 231, 

233, 243, 255, 250, 

275-6, 291,292,308-9. 

statistics, 9-10, 34, 94, 

119, 149, 162, 176-7, 

196, 197-8, 216, 266, 

276, 292, 309. 

permit to keep, desired, 26. 
free, petition to keep, 60. 



INDEX OP PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 



347 



Schools. Latin (school-house), 143, 144. 145, 

147. 

house on School street, 163. 
books for the poor children, 162. 
Ink, to supply, 231, 233, 234. 
south Latin, 173. 

expense to town, to consider, 187-8. 
Sconce street, 51. 

Seamen, impressing of, action of governor 
and council in granting press warrants, 
77, 79, 84, 87. 

Selectmen, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72,74, 76, 78, 86, 88, 
89, 90, 92, 93, 94, 96, 97, 98, 100, 
104, 106, 109, 113, 114, 115, 118, 
119, 120, 123, 124, 125, 126, 132, 
136, 1ST, 138, 140, 141, 145, 146, 
147, 148, 149, 153, 156, 158, 159, 
161, 162, 173, 175, 176, 177, 181, 
186, 187, 191, 194, 195, 196, 197-8, 
199, 202, 203, 208, 211, 213, 215, 
216, 218, 224, 229, 230, 231-2, 234, 
235, 236, 237, 241, 251, 255, 256, 
259, 262, 263, 264, 265, 271, 272, 
273, 274, 275, 276, 278, 281, 282, 
287, 288, 290, 291, 292, 295, 298, 
299, 308, 309, 310, 311, 312, 316, 
318 327 

choice of,' 2, 27, 28, 63, 78, 131, 
154, 168, 188, 205, 225, 236, 244, 
267, 282, 293. 

more power to be vested in, 27. 
letter from the governor to, 121, 

122. 

Sextons and Bellringers, petition 'of, 37, 38, 
63,65. 

(Sff also Bells, ringing of.) 
allowance to, 37. 
petition of grave-diggers, 45, 
53, 62, 64, 65. 
(See also Burial-places.) 
Sherbnrne, 281. 

Sheriffs. (See Suffolk County.) 
Ship street, 276. 
Shipping. (See Ships, etc.) 
Ships, vessels, etc., 12, 53, 56, 99, 103, 122, 123, 

124, 180, 217, 2:21, 238. 
fire, 103. 
building, 13, 57, 59, 99, 221, 238, 239, 

280. 

seamen, riotous, 127. 
prize (French privateer) 56. 
seamen, grants to impress, 77, 79, 

84. 

privateers, 56, 84. 
merchant, 85, 99, 189. (See also 

Trade.) 
to sink, in the harbor aa protection, 

78, 91, 92, 10 1 ?. 
of war, 91, 92, 98-9, 127. 
seamen, 238. 

taxes of, to abate, 95, 112, 138. 
shipwrights, 238, 311, 322. 
twenty forty-ton vessels to be em- 
ployed in fishing at Pullin's Point, 
236-7. 
Shipwrights, etc. (See Ships, vessels, etc.) 

(Also Tradesmen.) 
Shoemakers. (See Tradesmen.) 
Small-pox, 221, 238. 

(See also Disease, infectious.) 
Snuff, tax on. (See Tax.) 
South Carolina, 239, 280. 
South end, 233, 234, 237. 
market at, 1. 
writing school at, 179. 
engine at, 26. 
burial-places at, 62, 137, 139, 262. 

overcrowded, 257. 
weighing of hay at, 125, 126. 
land at, 139, 140. 
pond at, 65. 

Spanish West Indies, 57. 
Spring lane, 164. 
bt. Christopher's (West Indies), 24. 



Still House square, 37, 52, 274. 

not accepted as a public 

way, 274. 

Streets, paving, 1, 9, 26, 36, 39, 52, 77, 90, 96, 
113, 164, 223, 250, 273, 274, 276, 
279, 300. 

alteration in Purchase street pro- 
posed, 46. 

tender of land for, 37, 45, 46, 51, 52. 
refuse, 135, 140, 299, 303-4, 312, 314, 

315, 323, 325-26. 
repairs of, 223. 

money for, voted, 202. 
widening, 250, 258-9, 261-2. 
encumbered, 305, 323. 
fast driving through, 313, 314, 324, 

325. 

to be kept clean, 314, 325-26. 
by-law concerning, 312-15, 323-26. 

(See also the following :) 
Anne, Atkinson, Beacon, Bromfleld'a 
lane, Cow lane, Dassett's lane, 
Dock square, Ferryway, Green 
lane, Hanover, Hawkins, Horn 
alley, King, Long lane, Lynn, 
Middle, Milk, Moon court, Oliver's 
lane, Orange, Pleasant, Pudding 
lane, Purchase (late Harrison's 
ropewalk), Queen, School, Sconce, 
Spring lane, Still-House square, 
Sudbury, Summer, Treamouni 
(Tremont), Union, Water, Winter, 
Wood lane. 
Success (ship), vote of thanks to commander 

of, 217, 219. 

Sudbury street, 26, 37, 45, 52. 

Suffolk County, 30, 68, 79, 85, 97, 106, 121, 

126, 185, 186, 189, 223,252, 

284, 292, 294, 298, 319, 330. 

high sheriff of, 104, 105, 106, 

town house (1657) used by, 

186. 

sheriffs of, 256. 
bridge over Neponset river 

to be the charge of, 223. 
Sugar-houses. (See Trade.) 
Suits: 

vs. James Everill's heirs, 23. 
vs. Abraham Francis and Francis John 
Jones, and Hannah, his wife, 18, 22, 
23, 24, 25. 26, 42, 45, 47, 55, 56. 
vs. Jacob Wendell, 32. 
v. Edward Bromfield et al., 163, 165-6. 
vs. Isaac Dupee et al., 252-3. 
vs. Alexander Hunt, 278. 
Andrew Oliver et al. vs. Town Assessors, 

263,297,308. 

John Lndgate et al. vs. Town, 241. 
Summer street, 51. 

Sureties, bonds to be given as, 69, 71, 74, 89, 
138, 169, 173, 183, 202, 211, 231-2, 242, 
249, 271, 298. 
Swine, regulating of, 313. 

choice of hogreeves, 35, 67, 
109, 132, 157, 171,190,209, 
228,247,269,285,295. 
Swing bridge, 139. 
(See also Bridge.) 

Tallow. (See Beef, hides, and tallow.) 
(See Trade, imports.) 
chandlers. (See Tradesmen.) 
Tanners. (See Leather.) 
Tanyards, 99, 299. 

Tax, Province, 11, 12, 185, 186, 187, 230. 
county, 185, 230. 
tea, 178, 180, 183, 184, 221, 241. 
poll, 13, 19, 50, 75, 101, 104, 119, 151, 165, 

177, 197, 203, 216, 24'2, 258, 274, 307. 
estates, 19, 44, 46 43. 50, 75, 101, 104, 
119, 151, 165, 177, 197, 203, 216, 242, 
258, 274, 307. 

on coaches, etc., 22, 30, 178, 180, 181, 
183, 184. 



348 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 170. 



Tar, on carts, for hay, 126. 

excise, 260, 265, 275, 277. 

china, 180, 183, 184, 241. 

snuff, 180, 183, 184, 241. 

arrack, 180, 183, 184, 241. 

coffee, 178, 180, 183, 184, 221, 241. 

on wines and spirits distilled, 260, 263, 
275, 277. 

limes, lemons, and oranges, 265. 

on wells, cisterns, etc., 318, 320. 
taxes, 11, 12, 13, 20, 40,44, 46, 48, 50, 57, 58, 
59, 61, 75, 84, 89, 90, 96, 99, 100, 104, 
151, 165, 174, 181, 197, 208, '211-12, 
216, 226, 230, 234, 238, 239-40, 242, 
243, 251, 254, 258. 273,275,277,280, 
281, 283,286-7, 296, 302, 307, 308. 
collectors of, 2, 9, 17, 19, 20, 21, 29, 33, 41, 
44, 48, 61, 62, 63, 64, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 
77, 79, 88, 89, 94, 112, 114, 117, 134, 
138, 151, 153, 154, 160, 166, 169, 172, 
177, 183, 191, 192-3, 197, 204, 205, 210- 

II, 218, 226, 231, 232, 235, 243-4, 249, 
267, 271, 273, 287, 291, 296, 298. 

allowance, 21, 33, 89, 114, 138, 155-6, 
167-8, 172-3, 191-2, 210-11, 231, 271, 
272, 286-7, 298. 

books, 33, 40, 41, 42, 45, 46, 61, 62, 69, 
70, 89, 114, 138, 173, 191, 231, 249, 271, 
286, 287, 298. 

not paid, list of persons to be issued, 
9, 30, 33. 

abatement of, 117, 137-8, 151, 174, 177, 
183, 184, 193,200, 201, 208, 211, 230, 
249, 251, 273, 287, 299, 302. 

names and amounts assessed, 94. 

rates of sailors, to abate, 95, 112, 138, 
151. 

levied at Deer Island, 237. 

of perstns becoming bankrupt, 249, 
271-2,273,287. 

tax-payers evade rates, 240. 

petition of Ebeiiezer Berry, 45, 50. 
Tea, tax on. (Se<?Tax.) 
Town, houses or lands belonging to. (See 

Lands.) 
House, 88. 

or Court-house, 97. 

(built 1657), consumed by fire 

(1711), 1S6. 
building of, 203. 

criers. (See Criers, town.) 

dock. (See Dock, the.) 

meetings, 1, 4, 6, 16, 22, 26, 41 , 44, 48, 49, 
54, 55, 56, 5, 72, 76, 87,92,96,97,102, 
106, 114, 115, 124, 126, 131, 143, 144, 
148, 152, 153, 160, 161, 166, 167, 168, 
176, 184, 187, 194, 202, 204, 215, 224, 
225, 236, 243, 244, 255, 260, 261, 263, 
264, 268, 267, 272, 278, 279, 282, 288, 
292, 304, 319. 

records. (See Records.) 

present to, of arms, 68. 

supply of wood for the, 111, 122, 123, 152. 

to protect, 103, 104. 

physicians, 198. 

granary. (See Granaries.) 

officers, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 18, 20, 26, 
27, 28, 29, 30, 34, 35, 39, 44, 48, 54, 62, 
63, 64, (.6, 67, 68, 75, 77, 79, 80, 83, 84, 
85, 86, 87, 89, 100, 106, 107, 108, 109, 
110, 113, 114, 123, 124, 128, 131, 132, 134, 
136, 137, 138, 139, 154, 156-8, 159-60, 
165, 166-8, 169, 170, 171-2, 187, 189, 
189, 190, 191, 192, 203, 204, 205, 206, 
207-8, 209-10, 211, 218, 224, 225-6, 
227-9, 230, 232, 235, 236, '243-8, 249, 
257, 260, 263, 207-70, 282, 283-7, 
292-5. 

committee to purchase grain, 40, 137, 
157, 172, 190, 223, 248, 287, 296. 

purchase of grain for, 11, 40, 68, 81, 

III, 137. 

tale of grain, 157, 172, 190, 209, 229, 
248, 270. 



Town, deed of Wheeler's Pond to, 232. 

concerning appropriations for (taxes, 
etc.), 1. 24, 27, 41, 43, 44, 46, 48, 50, 
69, 75, 90, 151, 177, 216, 237-8. 
sum to be raised, 225-6, 232-3, 237, 

242. 

expenses of, to reduce, 192, 197-8, 258. 
wharf. (See Wharves.) 
timber for, to purchase, 78, 83. 
grant to purchase ordnance, etc., for, 

78, 83. 

to be supplied with powder, 276. 
losses to, by sea, 100. 
purchase of cattle for, 141. 
disturbance, 127. 

Townships, law for regulating, 147. 
Trade, condition of, 12-14, 57, 84, 98-100,180, 

181, 187, 221-22, 238-41, 280-1, 302. 
interests, 12, 59, 180, 264. 
commerce, 84, 180, 221, 238, 262, 281. 
manufactures, 221, i.38, 239, 280. 
imports, 239, 280. 
in rum, 221, 239. 
English goods, 239. 

and European, 221. 
butchers, 221-2, 239, 280-1. 
with Connecticut and Rhode Island, 

222, 280. 

molasses, 238, 239, 280. 
sugar and sugar-houses, 238, 239, 280. 
foreign, 240. 
Tradesmen 

bakers, 280, 281. 
chandlers, tallow, 280. 
coopers, 280, -281, 323. 
curriers, 281. 
hatters, 280. 
leather-dressers, 281. 
porters, 280. 
ropemakers, 281, 322. 
shipwrights, 281, 322. 
shoemakers, 281. 
stonecutters, 11. 
sugar-bakers, 281. 
tanners, 280-1. 
truckmen, 280. 

Training field, the. (See Common.) 
Treamount (Tremont) street, 204. 
Treasurer, county, 231. 

choice of, 30, 64, 68, 110, 
112, 134, 155, 169, 189, 
231, 246, 268, 283, 294. 

Trees, preservation of, on Common, 315, 326. 
Truckage and cartage, 2, 11, 126. 

town order about, 313- 

14, 325. 
truckmen. (See 

Tradesmen. 

Turkey Company. (See India, East, and 
Turkey Company.) 

Union street, 94. 

Vaults, town orders concerning, 313, 324. 
Virginia, 239, 280. 
Votes, fraudulent, 147-8. 

ballot-boxes, 212. 

laws concerning, 27. 

Wards or Precincts, 299, 314. 

Watch at the dock (called Merchants'), 48, 

51. 

at dock head, 10. 
men, 110, 111. 

pay of, 117, 118. 
Water street, 113, 116, 118, 125, 136, 151, 164, 

166, 252, 299, 300. 
Watertown, 100, 280. 

distilleries, 221, 239. 
Ways, surveyors of, 8, 36, 67, 81, 109, 132, 

190, 229, 248, 270, 286, 295. 
Ways 

Green lane, paving, 1, 9. 
land in, 9. 



INDEX OP PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 



349 



Ways 

on the Neck, 2, 11. 

paving, 279. 
Bock square, land, 10. 
from Sudbury street, 26, 52. 
Winter street, paving, 26, 36, 39. 
land st South battery, encroachments, 

27, 31, 32. 
land laid out from Sudbury to Hawkins 

street, 37, 45, 52. 

Purchase street, alteration, 46, 51. 
from Summer to Sconce street laid out, 

51. 

Still-house square, paring, 52, 274. 
lower end of milk street, paving, 77, 90, 

96. 

Pudding lane, to straighten, 83. 
Atkinson street, petition concerning, 112, 

113. 
Water street, nuisance, to remove, 113, 

299,300. 

encroachments, to pros- 
ecute, 166. 
incumbrance, to remove, 

113. 
land incorporated into. 

164. 

near Fort hill, to improve, 139. 
at Windmill Point, encroachments to 

prosecute, 143. 

Queen street, to widen, 258, 259, 261, 262. 
Long lane, paving, 273, 276. 
near Ship street, paving, 276. 
grant of land to King's Chapel, 146. 
to be laid out between burial-place on 
Common, and land owned by heirs of 
Col. Fitch, 152. 
Wood lane, paving, 177. 
Hudson's Point, encroachment on, 196, 

202. 

Fort hill, encroachment, 200, 202. 
Dock square, incumbrances, to remove, 

214. 
bridges and highways, causeways, etc., 

223. 

Wheeler's Pond, near and about, en- 
croachments, 234, 237. 
Weekly News Letter, letter in, from the 

Governor to Sec. Willard, 130. 
Weights, measures, etc., 301, 317, 328. 

weighing of hay, 8, 9, 101, 125, 300, 

317, 328. 

weigher of, choice of, 125. 
sealer of, 301. 
Wells, cisterns, etc., tax on. (See Tax on 

wells, etc.) 
West End, ringing of bells at, 138. 

(See also Bells, ringing of.) 
West Indies, 12, 24. 
(See also Trade.) 

Wharves, at Windmill Point, to build, 143. 
at Dock square, proposition to 

build, 10. 

on town's land, to build, 143. 
neglect to supply sealers of wood 
at, 63. 



Wharves, at lower end of King street, 150. 

out wharves, to remove gap, 77, 88, 

101. 

town's, 125, 

at South battery, 92, 101. 
Long, 92, 103. 
Anstruni's, 125. 
Cheever's, 103. 
Claik's, 103. 
Griffin's, 103. 
Hills, 103. 
Hubbard's, 103. 
Jones', 103. 
Mai-ion's, 103. 
Scarlet's 158. 
Welles' 103. 
Wendell's, 103. 
and warehouses , erected on land 

at South battery, 32. 
at Scarlet's, to let stalls in fish 

market, 158. 

wharfage, dockage, etc., 309. 
Wheat. (See Breadstuffs.) 
Wheeler's Pond, 17, 18, 62, 65, 232, 234, 237, 

242. 

Whipping, at House of Correction, of offend- 
ing slaves, 319, 329-30. 
Whitehall, 22. 

Windmill point, 139, 142, 143, 152. 
Windward Islands, distilling at, 12. (See 

also Trade.) 
Winnisimet ferry, 200. 
Winter street, 26, 36, 39. 
Wood, transportation of, 11, 123. 

purchase of, for the poor, 111. 
Wood (building) viewers of, 6, 41, 68, 81, 
108, 133, 156, 
170-1, 191, 
210, 227, 246, 
257, 269, 2S5, 
294. 

old wharf, used in con- 
structing battery, re- 
moved, 42. 
to be purchased for town, 

78,83. 
(cord), 13. 

to prevent fraud in measur- 
ing, 38, 45, 53. 
sealers of, 53. 

purchase of 111, 122, 123, 152. 
supply from the east, 122, 123. 
(hoops) fraud in, 86. 
Wood lane, 177. 
Worcester County, 240, 281. 
Workhouse, 89, 150, 198. 

better regulating of, 151. 
accounts of, 10, 50, 54, 75, 102, 
110, 152, 158, 174, 251, 273, 
291, 296. 

visitation of, 150. 
punishments in, 150. 
building of (1737), 250. 

(See also Almsbouse.) 
Writing, instruction in. (See Schools.) 
York, 240, 281. 



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