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A REPORT 



RECORD COMMISSIONERS 



CITY OF BOSTON, 



CONTAINING THE 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1758 TO 1769. 



BOSTONIA 

CONDITAAD. 

'*, 163O 

Store itf 




BOSTON: 
ROCKWELL AND CHURCHILL, CITY PRINTERS, 

No. 39 ARCH STREET. 
1886. 



[DOCUMENT 881886.] 



CITY OF lUPi BOSTON, 




A REPORT 



RECORD COMMISSIONERS. 



The present, the Sixteenth Report of the Record Commis- 
sioners, contains the proceedings of the Town of Boston 
i'rom A.D. 1758 through 1769. Of the special topics con- 
sidered during that period in town meetings, we may note 
the following : Schools, Inns, Faneuil-Hall Market, the Fire 
of 1760, Inoculation, Long Wharf, and Beacon Hill. A 
project to establish Hancock's Hospital, and another to pre- 
pare a list of great benefactors of the town, were approved, 
but came to naught. The great feature of these meetings 
one which will make this volume of lasting value is the 
political action of the town during this exciting period, when 
its representatives were Otis, Gushing, Hancock, and Adams. 
The votes of the town were public matters, whose influence 
reached throughout the Colonies. Herein will be seen the 
beginnings of the Revolution, and the steps by which our 
ancestors arrived at political freedom. 

For the Record Commissioners, 

WILLIAM H. WHITMORE. 

CITY HALL, BOSTON, Dec. 31, 1886. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS. 



[VOL. IV. OF THE ORIGINAL BOOKS.] 



[4O8J.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally qualify'd and Warned in 
Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil-Hall on Monday the 
13 th . day of March AD 1758. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Sam 1 . Checkley S r . 
The Warrant for calling the Meeting. Read. 
Sundry Laws. Read. 

John Phillips Esq r . was chose Moderator of this Meeting and 
took the Oath respecting his paying & receiving Bills of Credit of 
the Governments of Connecticut New-Hampshire and Rhode 
Island, as required by the Act of the Province. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait was Chose Town Clerk for the Year ensuing, 
and having taken the Oath required by the Act of the Province, 
relating to his paying and receiving Bills of Credit of the other 
Governments, took the Oath of Office which were administred by 
John Phillips Esq r . 

Sundry Petitions. Read. 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of seven Selectmen & the 
Votes brought in & Sorted, it appeared that, 
Samuel Grant Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Hill 
Joshua Henshaw Esq r . 
Joseph Jackson Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Gushing 
M r . Samuel Hewes 
M r . John Scollay 

were unanimously chose, & Samuel Grant Esq r . & M r . Thomas 
Hill desired to be excused; the other Gentlemen [4O9.] Ac- 
cepted and took the Oath required by Law, respecting their 
receiving and paying Bills of the other Governments. 

The Town brought in their Votes for 12 Overseers of the Poor 
and being Sorted, it appear'd that, 

The Hon. Andrew Oliver Esq r . 
John Phillips Esq r . 
M r . Isaac Walker 
Ebenezer Storer Esq r . 
M r . John Barrett 
M r . John Tudor 
M r . Royall Tyler 



2 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Thomas Flucker Esq*. 
M r . William Phillips 
James Pitts Esq r . 

M r . Benjamin Dolbeare 

M r . Isaac Smith, 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

Upon a Motion made & Seconded Voted that the Choice of 
Assessors Constables and Collectors of Taxes be referr'd till the 
Afternoon, to be taken into Consideration imediately after the 
Choice of a County Treasurer. 

Mess. John Phillips Esq r . 

Joseph Jackson Esq r . 

M r . John Scollay 

M r . Royall Tyler 

Cap'. Hopestill Foster 

John Howe Esq r . 

Cap'. Newman Greenough 

Cap'. Thomas Savage 

Nath 1 . Wheelwright Esq'. 

M r . Joseph Jackson 

Mr. William Cooper 

Thomas Flucker Esq r . 
were chose Firewards for the Year ensuing. 

[4O9-|-.] The Town brought in their Votes for a Town Treas- 
urer and upon viewing them, it appeared that M r . Dav d . Jeffries 
was unanimously chose to that Office, and having taken the Oath 
relating to his paying and receiving Bills of Credit of the other 
Governments, was also Sworn to the faithful discharge of his Duty 
in that Office. 

Mess. Samuel Austin 

William Gray 

Cornelius Thayer 

Moses Peck 

Samuel Dexter 

Samuel Downe 

John Winslow 

Daniel Barker 

Daniel Boyer 

Thomas Leverett 

Daniel Eveleth 

Sam 1 . Hewes Jun r 

were chose Clerks of the Markett for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. William Nichols 

Eobert Ford Sworn 

Isaac White 

William Pain Sworn 

William Welsh Sworn 

Obadiah Lowe Sworn 

John Grant Sworn 

Moses Eayres Sworn 

Clement Collins 

Andrew Symmes Sworn 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1758. 

Isaac Vergoose Sworn 

Thomas Bailey Sworn 

were chose Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". Nathaniel Gardner 

Joseph Belknap 
were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing. 

[41O.] M r . John Gray 

was chose Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Obadiah Low Sworn 

Nath 1 . Wales 

Onesiphorus Tilestone 

Thomas Crafts 

Samuel Simpson Sworn 

Caleb Ray 
were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 

M r . Joseph Curtis 

was chose Hay ward for the Year ensuing. Sworn. 
Mess. David Cutler 

Martin Gay 

were chose Assaymasters for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Joseph Clarke Sworn 

Thomas Hase Excus'd 

John Child Sworn 

James Downing Sworn 

Josiah Carter Sworn 

John Shepard Sworn 

Henry Rhodes 

were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Nath 1 . Bird 

Samuel Smith 

Thomas Foot 

Philip Cooke 

were choose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Belcher Noyes 

Benj a . Hammett 

Thomas Walley 

John Leverett 

James Richardson 

Isaac Savage 

Samuel Phillips 

John Forsyth 

Daniel Coney 

Christ . Prince 

Benj a . Harrod 

Edward Holliday 
were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing. 

[41O.] M r . Issac Dupee 

was choose Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market for the Year ens f . 
Mess. Samuel Treat 

Joseph Dyer 

David Spear 

Robert Treat 



4 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

John Hobbs Sworn 

Jon a . Gary 
Edward Potter 
Benjamin Ballard Sworn 
Benjamin Barnard 
John Hoskius 
was chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing. 

Thomas Greene Joseph Jackson Esq rs . & M r . John Scollay were 
chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, & they are desired 
and impower'd to give all needful directions to the Keeper of the 
Grainary respecting the Quantities of Grain to be Sold and Setting 
the Price thereof from time to time as occasion may require. 

The Hon. Andrew Oliver Esq r . who was this day chose one of 
the Overseers of the Poor, informed the Town that his Affairs and 
Buisness will be such the ensuing Year, that he cannot faithfully 
discharge his Duty in that Office, and therefore prays the Town 
will excuse him. 

Voted that said And w . Oliver Esq r . be excus'd according 7 . 

Upon a Motion made & Seconded, it was unanimously Voted 
that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given to the Hon. 
Andrew Oliver Esq r . for the many good Services he has done the 
Town as an Overseer of the Poor for about Seventeen Years past. 

Samuel Grant Esq r . & M r . Thomas Hill who were this day chose 
Selectmen, informed the Town that they had Serv'd in that Office 
for several Years past, that their Buisness was now such that they 
could nut serve [411.] any longer, and pray'd to be excused. 
#oted that said Gent", be Excus'd accordingly. 

Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
is given to Samuel Grant Esq r . & M r . Thomas Hill for the long 
and faithful Services they have done the Town in Serving as 
Selectmen for many Years past. 

Andrew Oliver jun r . Esq r . 
M r . Benjamin Austin, 

were chose Selectmen in the Room of Samuel Grant Esq r . & M r . 
Thomas Hill who decline Serving, and they took the Oath required 
by Law relating to receiving and paying Bills of Credit of the 
other Governments. 

Melatiah Bourn Esq r . was chose Overseer of the Poor in the 
room of the Hon ble . Andrew Oliver E.sq r . who is Excus'd. 

The Town brought in their Votes for a County Treasurer and 
they were Sealed up by Const*. Patten, to be by him kept and re- 
turned to the next Court of Quarter Sessions to be held for this 
County. 

Voted that there be twelve Constables chose for the Year ensu- 
ing, distinct from the Collectors of Taxes. 

Voted that any Person chose to Serve as a Constable, be ex- 
cused upon paying a Fine of Three Pounds. 

Voted that the Town will choose Collectors of Taxes for the en- 
suing Year, and that there be but two choose. 

Voted that six pence on the Pound be and hereby is allow'd to 
be pay'd to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of Taxes the 
Year ensuing, for all such Sums as they shall Collect, provided 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1758. 5 

they pay into the Town Treasury one half part of the whole Sums 
they are obliged to pay him within four Months from the time they 
receive the Tax Books from the Assessors, and the other half part 
in three Months after; and also pay [41 1.] into the Province 
and County Treasuries one half part of the whole Sums they shall 
be obliged to pay them respectively in seven Months from the time 
they shall receive the Tax Books from the Assessors as aforesaid, 
and the other half in five Months after, and in Case either of said 
Collectors shall fail paying in manner aforesaid, the Collector so 
failing shall not be entitled to the aforesaid allowance of six pence 
on the Pound, but wholly forfeit the same. Provided also that 
each of said Collectors give Bond with sufficient Sureties to the 
satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faithful discharge of their 
Duty in said Office and complying with this Vote. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for two Collectors of 
Taxes and upon Sorting them it appeared that, 

Thomas Greene Esq r . & 

John Rowe Esq r . 
were chose Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing. 

Thomas Greene Esq r . declined Serving in the Office of a Col- 
lector of Taxes, & having a Commission for a Justice of the Peace, 
the Town apprehend he is not obliged to Serve, or pay the Fine. 

Upon a Motion made and Seconded Voted that John Rowe Esq r . 
be Excus'd from Serving in the Office of a Collector of Taxes. 

A Motion was made and Seconded that the Town would re- 
consider their Vote pass'd allowing six pence on the Pound only 
for Collecting of Taxes, & after a long debate thereon it was 
Voted that the further Consideration hereof be referr'd 'till to- 
morrow Morning. 

Voted that this Meeting be & hereby is Adjourned 'till tomorrow 
Morning ten o'Clock. 

[412.] Tuesday Morning ten o'Clock the Town Mett accord- 
ing to Adjournment. 

The Motion made Yesterday that the Town would reconsider 
the Vote passed for allowing six pence only on the Pound for Col- 
lecting the Taxes, was taken into Consideration, and after a long 
debate thereon, Voted that the Town will allow no further Sum 
than six pence on the Pound for Collecting the Taxes. 

Voted that Thomas Greene Esq r . M r . Royall Tyler & M r . Wil- 
liam Cooper be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to ex- 
amine the Accompts of the Managers of the Boston Lotteries N 08 . 
three four & five, and they are desired to make Report thereon aa 
soon as may be. 

Mess. John Patten 

Augustus Hail 

Nath 1 . Thayer 

Thomas Hubbard 

David Bell 

Thomas Bell 

John Coverley 

Eliphalet Parker 

James Thomas 



6 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Thomas Gardner 

John Cumston 

Francis Salmon 

were chose Constables for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Cap*. John Goldthwait 

William Fairfield 

John Kneeland 

Benj a . Church 

Peter Oliver 

Samuel Edwards 

Isaac White 
were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing. 

[412J.] The Selectmen's Report on the Accompt of M r . 
John Fenno Keeper of the Grainary for the Year past as Enter'd 
in his Book (and on File in the Town Clerk's Office) Head, and 
Voted that the same be accepted, and that M r . Fenno be account- 
able to the Town for 2220 Bushells of Corn, and 130 Bushells of 
Rye remaining unsold, amounting to 259 ,, 6 ,,8 and also for the 
Sum of 210 ,, 7 ,, 2 Cash now in his hands, exclusive of the Sum 
of 26 ,, 13 ,,4, exclusive of his Salary and Assistance as Charged 
in said Accompt, which is hereby allowed him. 

The Committee appointed the 14 th . of March last to Audit the 
Accompts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries, now Reported that they had 
attended that Service, & found the same right Cast and well 
Vouch'd, in which he charges himself with sundry Fines Rents 
and other Incomes of the Town, as also with the Tax of .)000, 
all which amount (including the Ballance of the old Accompt) to 
6918 " 1-8 and the said Treasurer discharges himself by sundry 
Abatements made the Collectors, by Drafts made by the Select- 
men am , to 2593 ,,8,,3f, and Drafts made by the Overseers 
of the Poor, which contain the Charges of the Alms-house and 
Work-house amounting to 171 4,, 8,, 3 which we have in- 
spected in a very particular manner, by exam 8 , every particular 
Voucher produced by the Overseers for the amount of that Sum, 
and every other Branch of Public Charge, all amounting to 
6749 ,, 8 ,, 11. by which it appears that when all the Taxes Rents 
and Incomes of the Town are in, the Ballance will be 168 ,, 12 ,, 9 
which the said Treasurer is further to account for, as ajwears^by 
the Tryall ballance of said Accompt given in by s d . Committee and 
oiTFil WTu^TSe^olrriS^Xccom^rbeing Read, Voted that the 
same be Accepted. 

The Committee appointed the 14 th . of March last to Audit the 
Accompts of the Overseers of the Poor, Report, that they had 
attended that Service, & on Examination of each Particular Bill 
for which said Overseers (413.) Drew on the Town Treasurer, 
fire of the mind that considerable Saving has been imde to the 
Town the Year past, by the Gentlemen Overseers paying for the 
Wood Grain and other Articles in ready Money, and find there 
is the Sum of 19:5 : 6 due to them for Interest on the Sums 
advanc'd to this day, and that so much of their respective Taxes 
should be allowed to each of them, as is their due out of their 
respective Rates by the Collectors of Taxes, agreeable to the Vote 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1758. 7 

of the Town. And said Committee further Report as their 
Opinion, that it will be for the Interest of the Town to desire the 
Gentlemen that may be chosen as Overseers of the Poor, for the 
present Year, be clesir'd to buy all with Money, and that Interest 
should be allowed them for advancing the same, and that what 
shall be so Advanc'd shall be discounted out of their Taxes or 
others for the Year 1758. 

Interest due to the Gentlemen the Overseers of the Poor, for 
Monies by them advanc'd in the Year past is as follows, viz'. 
To Andrew Oliver Esq r 1 ,, 14 ,, 0. 

Ebenezer Storer Esq r 4,, 2, ,8. 

M r . Isaac Walker 18 ... 

M r . John Barrett 1 18 ... 

M r . John Tudor 1 ,, 10 ... 

Thomas Flucker Esq r 2,,11... 

M r . Royall Tyler 1 ,, 4 . . . 

M r . William Phillips ,, 10 ... 

James Pitts Esq r 2 ,, 8 ,, 2 

M r . Benj a . Dolbeare ,, 15 8 

M r . Isaac Smith 1 ,, 14 ... 



19 ,, 5 6 

which Report was Read and Accepted. And Voted that the Over- 
seers of the Poor for the Year ensuing, be allow'd interest on all 
such Sums as they shall Advance or Borrow for the Support of the 
Poor. 

The Town took into Consideration the Method of raising Monies 
for the payment of Schoolmasters, for the Relief of the Poor, and 
the defreying other necessary Charges, and after a very long do- 
bate thereon. Voted that the Sum of [413.] Money that shall 
be agreed upon to be raised at this Meeting for the purposes afore- 
said, shall, as soon as may be, be apportion'd by the Assessors, 
and the Collectors of Taxes shall upon receiving said Assessments 
from them, forthwith Collect and pay the same in to the Town 
Treasury, & that no more than six pence on the Pound be allow'd 
for Collecting of Taxes. 

Voted that the Sum of Six Thousand Pounds Lawful money be 
rais'd by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within this Town for 
Relief of the Poor, and defreying other necessary Charges arising 
within the Town the Year ensuing. 

Voted that Thomas Greene James Boutineau and John Rowe 
Esq rs . M r . Nicholas Boylstone and M r . William Cooper, be and 
they hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Accompts of 
M r . Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accompts of the Overseers of 
the Poor, and the said Committee are dcsir'd & impower'd to In- 
spect every particular Accompt of the Monies expended* for the 
use of the Alms-house, they are also impowered when they shall 
audit said Accompts to allow to said Overseers or such of them as 
shall .advance Monies for the Support of the Poor, Interest on all 
such Sums from the time advanc'd 'till they shall Audit said 
Accompts. 



8 CITY DOCUMENT .No. 88. 

Voted that the Town proceed to the Choice of four Collectors of 
Taxes, the Vote passed this Meeting for choosing only two, not- 
withstanding, accordingly the Votes were brought in, and upon 
Sorting them it appeared that, 

Mess". John Ruddock 
James Scutt 
Jonathan Payson & 
Samuel Adams, 
were chose Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing. 

In margin. [Tythingmen.] Nothing done thereon. 

[414.] The Petition of sundry Inhabitants praying that the 
Town would pave the lower end of Prince Street loading to 
Charlestowu Ferry, for reasons therein mentioned, was Read, and 
after a short debate, Voted that said Petition be dismiss'd. 

The Petition of the Watchmen of the Town praying for an 
Addition to their Wages, for reasons therein mentioned was 
Read, Voted that said Petition be dismiss'd. 

The Petition of Edward Holliday of Boston Shopkeeper, setting 
forth, that Thomas Downe jun r . was chose by the Town one of 
their Collectors of the Public taxes for the Years 1751, 1752, 
1753, 1754 & 1755, that your Petitioner become one of his Bonds- 
men for the last mentioned Year, whereby he obliged himself that 
the Taxes committed to said Downe to Collect, should be pay'd ia 
to the several Treasurers according to the Warrants he received 
for that purpose, that said Downe fail'd in his Circumstances, 
before he had compleated Collecting and paying in said Taxes, and 
the other Bondsmen also failing, the Selectmen of the Town 
immediately applied to 3~our Petitioner and informed him that he 
must make up the deficiency of said Sum said Downe was to pay, 
and for further Security, they Attached your Petitioners House 
and Land, and as the outstanding Tax could not be gather'd in, 
unless some other Person was appointed, j T our Petitioner was 
Advis'd to make Application to the General Court that he might be 
Impower'd in the room of said Downe to Collect the same, which 
he did, & the General Court thereupon authoriz'd your Petitioner 
not only to gather in the Taxes of the Year 1755, but such 
as shou'd appear to be unpaid 'the other abovementioned 
Years, that your Pet r . on Examining said Downe's Tax Books 
found there were considerable Sums unpaid in those Years, and he 
has for several Months past been endeavouring to get in the same, 
and has accordingly received considerable, but there were many 
Persons in some of the above Years taxed, so extremely Poor, 
that said Downe could not get one farthing of them, nor are they 
yet able to pay any part, many others have been dead for some 
time and left nothing, the Petitioner [414J.] having tryed 
all possible Methods but to no effect, that said Downe before he 
fiiil'd intended to have applied to the Town for an Abatement of 
Taxes of such Poor, but did not. 

The Petitioner therefore prays the Town would now Appoint a 
Committee to make enquiry into the Circumstances of such Per- 
sons who have not pay'd their Taxes in the afore-mentioned 
Years, and he doubts not but they will be Convinc'd they never 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1758. 9 

were able to pay them, and that upon their Report the Town will 
judge it, to be equitable said Taxes should be Abated, and as the 
Petitioner will be almost ruin'd by being unhappily bound for said 
Downe, he prays he may be heard by said Committee relating to 
such Abatements as he apprehends in Justice ought to be made, 
was Read and thereupon Voted that the Assessors be and they 
hereby are appointed a Committee to take the same into Consider- 
ation, hear the Petitioner and Report to the Town as soon as 
may be, what Taxes they shall judge ought in Equity to be 
Abated in the several Years therein mentioned. 

The Town proceeded to consider what is necessary further to be 
done relating to the By-Laws and Orders of the Town & thereupon 
Voted that Thomas Greene Esq r . M r . Oxenbridge Thacher and M r . 
William Story be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to 
Collect all the By-Laws & Orders of the Town now in force, and 
range them in such manner as they shall think proper, in order to 
their being Printed & Report their doings hereon as soon as may be. 

Voted that the Assessors be and they hereby are Impower'd to 
sit on every Thursday from this day untill the last Thursday of 
April next inclusive, and no longer for making an Abatement of 
the Taxes of such Persons as they shall judge reasonable, saving 
that they have liberty to sit the two last Weeks in November next 
to Abate (if they see cause) the Taxes of all such Persons as shall 
appear to them to have been out of the Province, and so could not 
have made Application to them for an Abatement by said last 
Thursday in April. 

[415.] Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to the last 
Friday in April next being the 28 th . of the Mouth, at ten o'Clock 
in the forenoon, and the same is Adjourn'd to that time accord- 
ingly. 

Friday April 28 th . 1758 The Town mett according to Adjournm*. 

The Committee appointed to Audit the Accompts of the Man- 
agers of Boston Lotteries N os . 3:4: 5. Reported that they had 
Attended that Service, and find the same right, & that the follow- 
ing Sums be allow'd them, viz'. 

To Samuel Grant Esq r 43, 16,, 8 .... 



M r . Thomas Hill 42. 

Joshua Henshaw Esq r . ... 42 
Joseph Jackson Esq r . ... 42 



13,, 
13,, 
13,, 

2,,, 



M r . Thomas Cushing .... 43, 
M r . Samuel Hewes .... 43, 

M r . John Scollay 39, 

Voted that all Matters and Things mentioned in the Warrant 
that remain unfinished be and they hereby are referr'd over to May 
Meeting, to be then Acted upon. 

Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
is given to John Phillips Esq r . Moderator of this Meeting for 
Transacting the Buisness thereof. 
Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhab- 
itants of the Town of Boston legally qualifyed and Warned in 



10 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 
sixteenth day of May AD 1758. 

Prayer was made by the Rev a . M r . Eben r . Pemberton. 

The Precept & Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

Joshua Henshaw Esq r . one of the Selectmen proposed in their 
Names to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the Choice of 
one or more Persons to represent them in the Great and General 
Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday the 
thirty first day of May current, and in order thereto to Consider 
and Ascertain the number of Gentlemen to be elected, accordingly 
it was Voted to proceed to the Choice of four Representatives, and 
then it was declar'd by the Selectmen, that no Votes would be 
received after twelve o'Clock, but the Poll then clos'd. 

The Votes being Collected the Number of Voters were found to 
be 369, & upon Sorting them it appeared that the following Gen- 
tlemen were chose viz'. 

The lion . Thomas Hubbard Esq r 300 

M r . John Tyng 234 

Thomas Flucker Esq r 291 

Benjamin Prat Esq r 309 

which was declar'd by the Selectmen. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Moder- 
ator, and upon Sorting them it appeared that the lion . Thomas 
Hubbnrd Esq r . was chose, & he having taken the Oath respecting 
his receiving & paying Bills of Credit of theGoverm ts of Counecti- 
cutt New Hampshire & Rhode Island as required by the Act of 
this Province, took his Seat. 

[416.] The Petitions Read. 

The Town took into Consideration the Article in the Warr'. viz 1 , 
" what is necessary to be done for the preservation of Beacon 
Hill." and thereupon Voted that Thomas Hancock Esq r . M r . Wil- 
liam Cooper and M r . John A very be and they hereby are appointed 
a Committee to repair to said Hill, view the same & Report to the 
Town the circumstances thereof, and what they judge necessary to 
be done for the better Security of said Hill. 

The Petition of the Watchmen of the Town piling that an 
Addition may be made to their Wages, was Read, and after a 
a short Debate Voted that the Sum of four shillings p Month be 
allowed in Addition to their present pay. 

The Article in the Warrant viz'. " whether the Town will Im- 
power the Selectmen to Sell a small Peice of Land near Fort-hill 
adjoining to M r . Alexander Hunt's Land." was taken into Con- 
sideration and thereupon Voted that Jos a . Henshaw Esq r . Joseph 
Jackson Esq r . M r . Thomas Gushing M r . John Scollay, M r . Samuel 
Hewes, M r . Benjamin Austin and Andrew Oliver jun r . Esq r . the 
present Selectmen be & they hereby are fully authoriz'd and Im- 
power'd to Sell said Land to such Person as will give most for the 
same, and in the Name and behalf of the Town to give and 
execute a good and legal Deed thereof to the Purchaser. 

The Selectmen appointed a Committee the 10 th . of May last to 
Visit the Schools, now made the following Report Viz'. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1758. 11 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
in Town Meeting Assembled May 16 th . 1758. 

Pursuant to the Vote of the Town of Boston at their Meeting the 
tenth of May last desiring the Selectmen to Visit the Schools and 
Invite such Gentlemen to accompany them as they should think 
proper do now Report, 

That on the 24 th . day of June last they attended that Service 
accompanied by the following Gentlemen viz 1 . 

The Hon. John Osborn Jacob Wendell Stephen Sewall ) 

Rich*. Bill And w . Oliver John Erving V Esq". 

Robert Hooper ) 

[416.] The Gent n . Representatives of the Town, 
The Gent n . the Overseers of the Poor, 
The Rev d . the Ministers of the Town 
M r . Treasurer Gray 

Joshua Winslow "] 
Richard Dana I 

James Boutineau f 
Stephen Greenleaf J 
Doct r . William Clarke & 
M r . John Ruddock 

and found in the South Grammar School there was 115 Scholars, 
in the South Writing School 240 Scholars, in the Writing School 
in Queen Street 230 Scholars, in the North Grammar School 36 
Scholars, in the North Writing School 220 Scholars, all in very 
good Order. 

Read and Accepted, and Voted that the Gentlemen the Select- 
men, be and they hereby are desired to Visit the Schools this 
present Year, and invite such Gentlemen to accompany them as 
they shall think proper. 

Voted that Thomas Greene and Royall Tyler Esq rs . and M r . 
William Cooper be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to 
Audit the Accompts of the Managers of Boston Lottery N. 6. & 
they are des\red to Report thereon, as soon as may be. 

Voted that the Selectmen be desired to make a particular Enquiry 
into the State of the several Public Schools in Town, and whether 
there is any Neglect of Duty in the Masters or Ushers of said 
Schools, & Report the same to the Town 

The Committee appointed the 13 th . of March last on a Petition 
of Edward Holliday made Report, which was Read, and Voted 
that the Consideration of said Petition and Report, be referr'd 
to a future day, to be then Acted upon as the Town shall judge 
proper. 

[417.] Voted that M r . Peleg Wiswall be allow'd for his 

Salary as Master of the North Grammar School at the Rate of 

Eighty Pounds per Annum untill the Town shall otherwise Order. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred and twenty Pounds be 

allowed and pay'd unto M r . John Lovel for his Salar}' as Master 

of the South Grammar School, the ensuing Year, to be pay'd him 

Quarterly and to Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allow'd and 

pay'd unto M r . Abia Holbrook for his Salary as Master of the 



12 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

South Writing School, the ensuing Year to be pay'd him Quarterly 
and to Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allow'd and 
pay'd unto M r . Zachariah Hicks for his Salary as Master of the 
North Writing School, the ensuing Year, to be pay'd him Quar- 
terly, & to Commence at the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allow'd and pay'd to 
M r . Samuel Holyoke one of the Masters of the Writing School 
in Queen Street the ensuing Year to be pay'd him Quarterly, 
and to Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allow'd and pay'd unto 
M r . John Procter one of the Masters of the Writing School in 
Queen Street, the ensuing Year, to be pay'd him Quarterly & to 
Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allow'd and pay'd unto 
M r . Nath 1 . Gardner for his Salary as Usher to the South Grammar 
School the ensuing Year, to be pay'd him Quarterly, and to Com- 
mence at tin) Expiration of the last Quarter. 

[417.] Voted that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allou-'d and 
pay'd unto M r . Jolin Vinal for his Salary as Usher of the South 
writing School the Year ensuing to be pay'd him Quarterly, and to 
commence at the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allow'd and pay'd unto 
M r . John Tilestone for his Salary as Usher of the North Writing 
School the ensuing Year to be pay'd him Quarterly and to Com- 
mence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be nllow'd and 
pay'd unto M r . David Jeffries for his Services as Treasurer of the 
Town the Year past, and for all his Expences in that Office. 

Voted that the Sum of Twenty Pounds be allow'd and pay'd 
unto Cap*. Isaac Dnpee for his Services as Clerk of Faneuil Hall- 
Markett the Year past. 

The Committee appointed the 13 th . of March last to Collect all 
the By-Laws and Orders of the Town now in force, :md Range 
them in such manner as they shall think proper in Order to their 
being Printed, Report, that they apprehend it will be proper for 
Uie By-Laws lately Voted by the Town and pass'd the Sessions, 
to be Printed as soon as may be, that with them be Printed a By- 
Law made March 14 th . 1725 which contains the last Provision 
relating to the Dirt in the Streets, before the new By Laws. That 
the Title 1 of the whole be this ; The By Laws and Orders of the 
Town of Boston, Revis'd 1758. The said By- Law March 14 th . 
1725 to be first Printed, and then the others to follow in their 

Order as Voted by the Town & Confirmed by the Sessions. 

which Report being Read and Considered of Voted that the same 
be & hereby is accepted. And the Selectmen are desired to cause 
such a Number of s d . By-Laws & Orders to be Printed as they 
shall judge necessary upon the best Terms they can. 

[418.] The Petition of Hugh MDaniel of Boston praying 
the Town will abate him part of the Rent of a House and Land 
on the Neck he hired of the Town the 25 th . of March 1 752 for 
Reasons therein mention'd was Read & thereupon Voted chat 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1758. 13 



Richard Dana Esq r . M r . William Story, and Royall Tyler Esq r . be 
and they hereby are appointed a Committee to consider of said 
Petition view the Premisses, hear the Petitioner, and Report to 
the Town what they shall judge reasonable to be done thereupon. 
Voted that the Selectmen be and they hereby are desired to 
issue a Warrant for a Town Meeting to be on the same day of the 
propos'd Adjournment of this Meeting, in Order to know whether 
the Town will then desire said Selectmen to appoint a Master for 
the North Grammar School, or an Usher or Assistant to the 
present Master there. Also whether the Town will make any 
further Allowance to the Collectors of Taxes for Collecting them, 
than six pence on the Pound Voted in March last. 

Voted that this Meeting be and hereby is Adjourned to Monday 
the 12 th . day of June next at 10 o'Clock in the forenoon. 

Monday the l - J th of June 1758. The Town mett according to 
their Adjournment. 

The Committee appointed the 16 th . of May last, on the Petition 
of Hugh M.Dnniel, Report, that they liad viewed the demised 
House and Land mentioned in said Petition heard the Petitioner 
thereupon, and lin 1 that said Peice of Land falls short in Measure 
about one quarter part of what it is suppos'd in the Lease to con- 
tain, & after due Consideration of all Circumstances respecting this 
Affair the}' are of Opinion that it is reasonable that the Sum of 
Sixteen Pounds of Lawful money be Abated to the Petitioner out 
of the Rent of the Premisses for the time past, and that he for the 
future pay no more than Thirteen Pounds six shillings and eight 
pence Lawful money by the Year for the Rent of the Premisses 
during the Residue of his Term therein according to his [418^.] 
Lease, which Report being Read, Voted that the same be Accepted, 
and that the Treasurer be and hereby is directed to allow to said 
Hugh M c . Daniel the Sum of Sixteen Pounds out of the Ront of 
said Premisses for the time past, and that for the future said. 
M c . Daniel pay the Sum of Thirteen Pounds six shillings and eight; 
pence only for the Annual Rent of said Premisses during the re- 
mainder of the Term mention'd in his Lease. 

The Committee appointed the 16 th of May last to Audit the 
Accompts of the Managers of Boston Lottery N. 6. Report, that 
they had attended that Service, and found said Accompts right 
and that the same be allow'd, Voted that said Report be accepted, 
and that the follow 8 . Sums be allowed and pay'd to said Managers 
in full of their Accompts Viz*. 

To Samuel Grant Esq r 14 ,, 17 ,, . . 

M r . Thomas Hill 15 ,, ,, ,, . . 

Joshua Ilen^haw Esq r 14 ,, 2 ,, . . 

Joseph Jackson Esq r 14 ,, 5 ,, . . 

M r . Thorn:) s Gushing . . . . 14, ,9 ,, . . 

M r . Samuel Hewes 14 ,, 2 ,, . . 

M r . John Scollay 13 ,, 1 ,, . . 

The Committee appointed the 13 th of March last on the Petition 
of Edward Holliday Reported the 16 th of May last, that they had 
considered of the Subject Matter of said Petition, and what Taxes 
ought in Equity to be Abated, & that the several Taxes mentioned 



14 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

in a List anuexed to Said Report ought to be Abated, which 
Report and List upon a Motion now made was Read over, and a 
Debate was had thereupon, and after some time, it was moved and 
Voted that said Report be Recommitted, and that said Committee 
in Considering what Abatements be made to the Petitioner be and 
they hereby are directed to go no further back in making Abate- 
ments then since the Year 1754, the said Tho". Downe ment d . in 
s d . Pet n . having rec d . his Premium for Collecting Taxes for that 
Year, & said Com ee . are desir'd to make Report hereon as soon as 
they have clone the same. 

[419.] The Committee appointed the 16 th . of May last to 
consider what is necessary to be done for the preservation of 
Beacon Hill, Report that they had viewed said Hill, and that it 
appears to them absolutely necessary that speedy Measures should 
be taken by the Town to prevent the digging away any further 
part of it, in Order for the Preservation of the whole, and as M r . 
Hudson who purcfaas'd a part of said Hill, and is now digging the 
same has mentioned a readiness to dispose of his Right therein, on 
such Terms as may by Persons chose be judged reasonable, said 
Committee further Report as their Opinion that the Gentlemen the 
Selectmen be directed and impower'd to purchase for the Town 
said Hudsons Interest in said Hill, and in Case of any disagree- 
ment concerning it, that they then apply to the General Court for 
y r . Interposition, which Report being Read, It was Voted that the 
same be Accepted, and that the Selectmen be and they hereby 
Authoriz'd and Impowev'd to Purchase of said Hudson his Right 
& Interest in said Hill on such Terms as they shall agree ai d in 
Case they shall not be able to Effect the same with said Hudson, 
said Selectmen are hereby directed to apply to the General Court 
for their Interposition and Assistance in Order to Compel said 
Hudson to Sell his Right and Interest in said Hill for a reason- 
able Consideration. 

The Selectmen being desir'd by a Vote pass'd the 16 th . of May 
last, to make a particular Enquiry into the State of the several 
Public Schools in Town, and whether there is any Neglect of duty 
in the Masters or Ushers of said Schools, Report that they had 
attended that Service, and don't find that there has been any 
neglect of Duty in any of the Masters or Ushers of said Schools, 
except in the North Writing School where M r . Zachariah Hicks is 
Master, upon which they had sent for M r . Hicks, and Convers'd 
with him concerning the Government of said School, and inform'd 
him of some Complaints that were made against his Conduct there, 
& in not giving proper Attendance at said School, M T . Hicks 
thereupon acknowledged that he had not so constantly attended at 
said School for some time past, as heretofore, but that the same 
was wholly owing to Indisposition, [419^.] but as he was now 
much better in his health, he should give his constant Attendance, 
and in every respect faithfully discharge his Duty as Master of 
said School: the Selectmen further Report that upon Enquiry 
they are of Opinion, that the neglect of Duty complained of was 
not for want of Fidelity in M r . Hicks, but that it was occasion'd 
wholly by his Indisposition, and that as he has been a faithful 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1758. 15 

Master in said School for many Years past, they doubt not now 
he is recovered his Health he will continue so ; Whereupon it was 
Unanimously Voted that said Report be and hereby is Accepted. 
Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualifyed and warned in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil-Hall on Monday the twelfth day 
of June AD 1758. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting, Read. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq r . was chose Moderator of 
this Meeting. 

The Article in the Warrant viz*, whether the Town will desire 
the Selectmen to appoint an Assistant to the Master of the North 
Grammar School, or consider what may be further necessary to be 
done for the Instruction of the Youth there : was Consider'd of, 
and after some Debate thereon. It was Voted that the Selectmen 
be and they hereby are desired to appoint an Assistant to the 
Master of s d . School, and that the Sum of One hundred and 
twenty Pounds be allowed for the Yearly Salary of said Master 
and Assistant, and that such a part thereof be paid to the Assist- 
ant as the Selectmen shall agree with him f6r. 

[42O.] The Article in the Warrant viz'. Whether the Town 
will make any further Allowance to the Collectors of Taxes than 
the six pence on the Pound Voted in March last. It was Voted 
that the Sum of three pence on the Pound be allow'd to the Col- 
lectors in Addition to six pence on the pound Voted in March last, 
provided they pay into the Town Treasury one half the Sum they 
shall be obliged severally to collect by the first of November next, 
and the remainder by the first of March following. 

James Scutt who was chose one of the Collectors of Taxes in 
March last declined serving, whereupon John Grant was chose in 
his Room. 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz*, To enquire whether the Con- 
ditions of the Lease of Deer Island made to Henry Atkins Esq r . 
and others have been comply'd with, and for the Town to Act 
thereupon as may be thought proper. Was taken into Considera- 
tion, and several of the Proprietors of Point Shirley to whom said 
Lease w:ts made being present, declar'd that they had not so far 
comply ed with the Conditions of the Lease by which they hold 
said Island as to send out and employ this last Year such a num- 
ber of Vessells or Schooners in the Fishery as they were obliged 
by said Lease to do, being prevented only by the present War with 
the French, they having had three or four Vessells taken when a 
fishing, by the French, but as soon as there was a Peace or Louis- 
bourg sho'd be reduced to the Obedience of the Crown of Great 
Britain, they intended to carry on the Fishery again at said Point 
Shirley, and employ such a Number of Schooners or Vessells as 
will make up the Tonage mentioned in said Lease, and hope the 
Town (if they now take said Island into their Possession) will then 
renew said Lease to them for the Term yet remaining unexpired, 
& that they so far as they are concerned in said Lease are willing 



16 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

to quit said Island for the present to the Town, without putting 
them to any further difficulties about it. Whereupon It was Voted 
that the Selectmen as soon as they conveniently can, take posses- 
sion of said Island, and [42O.] Hire out on the best Terms 
they can by Lease or otherwise as they shall judge most for the 
Interest of the Town. 

The Town considered of the Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . 
Whether the Selectmen shall be Impower'd to Lease out the Shops 
on the North side of Faueuil-Hall Markett for a longer Term than 
Seven Years, and after some Debate thereon, It was Voted that 
the Town will not Impower the Selectmen to Lease out said Shops 
for any longer term than Seven Years. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the twelfth day 
of March AD 1759. 

Prayer was made by the Rev*. Sam 1 . Mather. 
The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 
Sundry Laws Read. 

John Phillips Esq r . was chose Moderator of the Meeting an<l 
took the Oath respecting his paying and receiving Bills of Credit 
of the Governm' 9 . of Connecticut^ New-Hampshire & Rhode Islaud 
as required by the Act of the Province. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait was unanimously chose Town Clerk for the 
Year ensuing & having taken the Oath required by the Act of this 
Province relating to his paying and receiving Bills of [421.] 
Credit of the other Governments took the Oath of Office which 
was Administred to him by John Phillips Esq r . 
Sundry Petitions Read. 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of Seven Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in, and Sorted it appeared that, 
Joshua Ilenshaw Ksq r . 
Joseph Jackson Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Gushing 
M r . Samuel Hewes 
M r . John Soollay 
M r . Benjamin Austin 
Andrew Oliver jun r . Esq r . 

were chose and they thereupon took the Oath required by Law 
relating to their receiving and paying Bills of Credit of the neigh- 
bouring Governments. 

The Town brought in their Votes for 12 Overseers of the Poor, 
and being Sorted, it appeared that, 

John Phillips Esq r . 
M r . Isaac Walker 
Ebenezer Storer Esq r . 
M r . John Barrett 
M r . John Tudor 
Royall Tyler Esq r . 
Thomas Flucker Esq'. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1759. 17 

M r . William Phillips 

James Pitts Esq r . 

M r . Isaac Smith 

M r . Benj a . Dolbeare 

Melatiah Bourne Esq r . 
were chose for the Year ensuing. 

The Votes were brought in for a Town Treasurer upon and 
viewing them it appeared that M r . David Jeffries was chose, and 
having taken the Oath [421 .] Relating to his paying and receiv- 
ing Bills of Credit of .the other Governments was also Sworn to the 
faithful discharge of his duty in that Office. 

Voted that any Person chose into the Office of a Constable for 
the ensuing Year be excus'd on his paying a Fine of Four 
Pounds. 

Voted that twelve Constables be chose seperate from the Collec- 
tors of Taxes. 

Voted that the Town proceed to the choice of twelve Consta- 
bles, and the Votes being brought in and Sorted it appeared 
that, 

Mess. John Patten 

Francis Salmon 

Tho". Barton Simpkins 

Eliphalet Parker 

Obadiah Low 

Edw d . Weld , < 

Augustus Hale 

James Thomas 

Will m . Wait Wallace 

John Coverley 

Nath 1 . Thayer & 

John Rogers 
were chose for the Year ensuing. 

The Votes were brought in for twelve Firewards, & upon Sort 
ing them it appeared that 

John Phillips Esq r . 

Joseph Jackson Esq r . 

M r . John Scollay 

Royall Tyler Esq r . 

Cap'. Hopestill Foster 

John Rowe Esq r . 

Cap 1 . Newman Greenough 

Tho s . Flucker Esq r . 

Cap'. Solomon Davis 

M r . WilT. Cooper 

M r . Joseph Jackson 

M r . Sam 1 . Austin 
were chose for the Year ensuing. 

Mess. Cornelius Thayer Sworn 

Neal Mclntire Sworn 

Thomas Leverett 

Daniel Parker Sworn 

Benjamin Henderson 



18 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Thomas Downe Sworn 

Nathaniel Hurd Sworn 

Daniel Henchman Sworn 

James Jackson Sworn 

Oliver Wiswall Sworn 

Samuel Barratt & 

Jonathan Amory Sworn 

were chose Clerks of the Markett for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Isaac White 

William Pain 

William Nichols 

William Welch Sworn 

Robert Ford Sworn 

Caleb Ray 

Clement Collins Sworn 

Isaac Vergoose Sworn 

James Ridgway 

Andrew Symraes 

Thomas Bayley & Sworn 

Moses Eayres Sworn 

were chose Surveyors of Boards &c a . for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Nathaniel Brown 

John Lee 

Ebenezer Lowell 

William Blair Townsend 

Afstar Stoddard 

Benjamin Harrod 

John Forsyth 

David Wheeler 

Joseph Candish 

William Gray 

John Colburn & 

William Torrey 
were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing. 

Mess. Nathaniel Gardner & 

Joseph Belknap 

were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing. 
[423J.] Mess". Caleb Ray 

Nath 1 . Wales Sworn 

Cap 1 . Joseph Russell 
William Moore Sworn 

Benjamin Russell & 
Benjamin Eustice jun r . Sworn 
were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 

M r . John Gray was chose Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensu- 
ing. 

M r . John Ranstead was chose Hayward for the Year ensuing. 

Sworn. 
Mess. David Cutler & 

Martin Gray were ohoBe 
Assay-masters for the Year ensuing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1759. IS 

Mess. Cornelius Thayer 
John Allen 
Adino Paddock & 
James Dawson 
were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 

Mess". Thomas Bradford Sworn 

David Flagg Sworn 

Joshua Cornish & Sworn 

John M c Lane 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing. 

In margin. Tything-men. Nothing done thereon. 
Mess". David Spear 
John Haskins 
Jon a . Jenkins 
Paul Baxter 
Nathan Spear 
Benj a . Barnard 

Benj a . Ballard Sworn 

John Hobbs 

Jon a . Barnard Sworn 

John Helyer 

were chose Cullers of Staves &c a . the Year ensuing, 
[423.] The Selectmen. 



The Selectmen's Report on the Acco'. of M r . John Fenno Keeper 
of the Granary for the Year past as Enter'd in his Book (and on 
File in the Town Clerk's Office) Read and Voted that the same be 
Accepted, and that M r . Fenno be accountable to the Town for 230 
Bushells of Corn, and 90 bushells of Rye, remaining unsold amount- 
ing to 48. 2. 8. and also for the Sum of 425. 17. 9f . Cash now 
in his hands exclusive of the Sum of 26. 13. 4, for his Salary & 
Assistance as charged in said Account, which is hereby allowed 
him. 

Thomas Greene & Joseph Jackson Esq". and M r . John Scollay 
are chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, and they are 
desired and impowered to give all needful directions to the Keeper 
of the Granary, respecting the Quantities of Grain to be sold, 
and setting the price thereof from time to time as occasion shall 
require. 

The Town brought in their Votes for a County Treasurer, and 
they were Sealed up by Constable Rogers, lo be by him kept and 
returned to the next Court of General Sessions of the Peace to be 
held for this County. 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Clerk of Fanueil-Hall 
Markett, and upon sorting them it appeared that M r . Abijah Adams 
was chose. Sworn. 

The Memorial of Sundry Freeholders & Inhabitants praying 
that the Wooden Shops on the North side of Fanueil Hall Market 
may be demolished or removed, and tlie Dock fill'd up for the 
Reasons therein mentioned, was read and after some Debate thereon, 

Voted that said Memorial be Dismissal. 



20 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 



The Petition of Solomon Kneeland of Boston Leather 
dresser setting forth, that several Years ago his Brother was a 
Constable in Boston and had some Taxes committed to him to Col- 
lect, but as there was some part thereof he failed in paying to the 
Town Treasury, the Town brought an Action against the Petitioner's 
Father, who was bound for his Brother, and Recovered Judgment 
against him for the deficiency, took out Execution thereupon & ex- 
tended the same on a strip of land fronting Orange Street at the 
Southerly part of the Town, measuring sixteen feet in the front, 
which adjoins to other Lands the Petitioner now enjoys as part of 
his Father's Estate, that the Petitioner now rents this small Peice of 
Land of the Town, but as the same is but of very little Service to 
the Town, and as it was part of his Father's Estate, he would pur- 
chase said Peice upon such Terms as may be agreed upon, & 
therefore pray'd the Town would consider of the Premisses and 
Sell him the same for such a Sum of Money as may be judged 
reasonable, was Read, and thereupon It was Voted that the 
Selectmen be and they hereby are fully Authorized and Im- 
powered to Sell (if they see fit) said Peice of Land to said 
Solomon Kneeland, for such a Consideration as they shall judge 
reasonable, and they are desired to give and execute to him a 
legal Deed for the same. 

The Article in the Warrant for widening Ann Street and repair- 
ing the Pavement there, was taken into Consideration and thereupon 
Voted that Royal Tyler & Thomas Greene Esq rs . and M r . Jonathan 
Gushing be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Consider 
whether it will be more convenient to the Town to have said Street 
widened, the manner of doing it, [424.] and what is necessary 
for the Town to do in order to effect the same, and for repairing the 
Pavement there. 

The Article in the Warrant that some Method may be taken to 
reduce the great Number of Licenced Houses was taken into Con- 
sideration, and thereupon Voted that the Selectmen be and they 
hereby are desired to use their utmost Endeavours to reduce the 
Number of Licenced Houses in Town and take any Method they shall 
think necessary and proper to effect the same. 

Also Voted that the Selectmen be and they hereby are desired to 
give Notice to all such Persons as are Licenced, either as Innholders 
or Retailers that if they Sell Rum or any Liquors to Negroes or 
Mollatto Servants, after the Second of April next without a written 
Order from their 1'espective Master or Mistresses, they will not be 
allowed to renew their Licences any more. 

Voted that the Sum of Twenty Pounds be Allow'd and paid to 
Cap 1 . Isaac Dupee for his Salary as Clerk of Faneuil-Hall Markett 
the Year past. 

The Petition of Robert Peirpoint praying that a further Allow- 
ance may be made him for carting Stones used in Paveing the Neck, 
was read, and thereupon Voted that the Selectmen make such a 
further Allowance to said Peirpoint for carting said Stones, as they 
shall judge reasonable. 

The Committee appointed the 12 th . March last, on the Petition 
of Edward Holiday for the Abatement of sundry Taxes made Re- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1759. 21 

port that the Taxes of sundry Persons particularly named in said 
Report amounting to 24. 4. 10. ought in their Opinion to be 
Abated, and after some Debate thereon, 

Voted that said Sum of 24. 4. 10. be & hereby is Abated said 
Holiday, & that an Allowance of said sum be made him. 

[424.] Also Voted that said Holiday be desired to use his 
Endeavours to get in what he can of said Taxes, and if he shall 
receive any part thereof, that he be accountable to the Town for 
the same. 

On a Motion made and Seconded, a Question was put, Whether 
the Town will allow nine pence on the pound to the several Gen- 
tleman, that lent Monies to the Town ia June last to be deducted 
out of their Taxes, besides the nine pence on the pound allowed 
the Collectors on the whole Sum Collected by them. Voted in 
the Affirmative. 

Mess. William Fairfield 
John Kneeland 
Peter Oliver 
Samuel Edwards 
Benjamin Church 
Isaac White and 
Joseph Bradford 
were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing. 

Voted that the Sum of nine pence on- the Pound be and hereby 
is allowed to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of Taxes 
the Year ensuing for all such Sums as they shall Collect, provided 
they pay into the Town Treasury, one half of the whole Sum they 
are Obliged to pay him, within four Months from the time they 
receive the Tax Books from the Assessors, and the other half part 
in three Months after, and also pay into the Province and County 
Treasuries one half part of the whole Sums they shall be obliged 
to pay them respectively in seven Months from the time they shall 
receive the Tax Books from the Assessors as aforesaid, and the 
other half in five Months after : And in case either of said Collec- 
tors shall fail paying in manner afore d . the Collector so failing 
shall not be Entitled to the [425.] aforesaid Allowance of nine 
pence on the pound but wholly forfeit the same, provided also 
that each of said Collectors give Bond with sufficient Sureties to 
the satisfaction of the Selectmen, for the faithful discharge of 
their Duty in said Office, and complying with this Vote. 

Voted that the Town proceed to the choice of four Collectors of 
Taxes, and the Votes being brought in & sorted, it appeared that, 
Mess". John Ruddock 
John Grant 
Jon a . Payson & 
Samuel Adams 
were chose for the Year ensuing. 

Voted that the Assessors be and they hereby are Impower'd to 
Sit on every Thursday from this day, until! the last Thursday 
in April next inclusive, & no longer for making an Abatement of 
the Taxes of such Persons as they shall judge reasonable, saving 
that they have liberty to sit, the two last Weeks in November 



22 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

next, to Abate (if they see cause) the Taxes of all sucn Persons 
as shall appear to them, to have been out of the Province and so 
could not have made Application to them for an Abatement by said 
last Thursday in April. 

Voted that M r . bamuel Phillips Savage 
M r . William Story 
Joseph Dowse Esq r . 
John Rowe Esq r . & 
M r . Thomas Tyler 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the 
Accompts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accompts of the 
Overseers of the Poor, and the said Committee are appointed and 
impowered to inspect every particular Accompt of the Monies 
expended for the use of the Alms-house, they are also Impowered 
when they shall Audit said Accompts, to allow to said Overseers 
or such of them, as shall Advance Monies for the Relief of 
[425-] The Poor, Interest on all such Sums from the time 
Advanced, 'till they shall Audit said Accompts. 

The State of the Town Treasury, as exhibited by the Town 
Treasurer, and on file was Read. 

The Article in the Warrant viz*. "In what manner it will be 
best to Repair the Granary in the Common." was considered of, 
and after some Debate thereon, Voted that the Selectmen be, & 
they hereby are desired to Consider of the best way of repairing 
said Granary hear the proposals that shall be made by the Hon ble . 
Tho". Hancock E?q r . relating to the same, and then Alter & 
Repair said Granary in such manner as they shall think proper. 

Voted that such Matters and Things as remain unfinished, be 
and hereby are referred over to the General Town Meeting in May 
next, to be then Considered of, and Acted upon. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby is given to 
John Phillips Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting, for transacting 
the Affairs and Buisness thereof. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

[426. J At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified and Warned in Public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the fifteenth 
day of May A.D. 1759. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . Mather Byles. 

The Precept & Warrant for calling the Meeting, Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

Joshua Hensliaw Esq r . one of the Selectmen proposed in their 
Name to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the Choice of 
one or more Persons to represent them in the Great and General 
Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday the 
thirtieth day of May curr*. in order thereto, to Consider and 
Ascertain the number of Gentlemen to be Elected, accordingly It 
was Voted to proceed to the Choice of four Representatives, and 
then it was declared by the Selectmen, that no Votes would be 
received after twelve o'clock but the Poll then closed. 

The Votes being Collected, the Number of Voters were found 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1759. 23 

to be 469, and upon Sorting them, it appeared that the three fol- 
lowing Gentlemen only were chose viz*. 

Votes. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq T 380 

M r . John Tyng & 291 

Benjamin Prat Esq r 302. 

which being declared, the Inhabitants were directed, to bring in 
their Votes for one Representative, which they accordingly did, 
and it appeared that there was 343 Votes, and upon Sorting them 
there was no Choice, then the Meeting was Adjourn'd to three 
o'Clock iu the Afternoon for the Choice of another Representative, 
the Selectmen at the same time declaring that the Poll would be 
clos'd at four o'Clock, and no Votes received [426.] After, and 
said Meeting is Adjourned to that time accordingly. 

Three o'Clock in the Afternoon, the Inhabitants assembled and 
brought in their Votes for one Representative, and upon Sorting 
them it appeared that no Person was chose, and then the Inhabi- 
tants withdrew and brought in then* Vote again, and upon Sorting 
them it appeared that 

Thomas Flncker Esq r . was chose. 

The Inhabitants then brought in their Vote for a Moderator, 
and upon Sorting them, it appeared that, 

John Phillips Esq r . was chose. 

The Article in the Warrant viz*. To determine whether the Town 
will remove one of the Shops on the North side of Faneuil-Hall 
Market, in order to have a Passage way from thence into Union 
Street by Building a Bridge or in any other manner the Town shall 
judge best was taken into Consideration and after some Debate 
thereon, It was moved and Seconded that a Committee may be 
appointed to make Enquiry whether the Town have a right to open 
a Passage way as propos'd and erect a Bridge there without preju- 
dicing the Abutters, that they Converse with the Abutters concern- 
ing it, compute the whole Expence that may attend the effecting 
said Bridge Passage way &c a . and Report the same at the pro- 
posed Adjournment of this Meeting. And it pass'd in the Affir- 
mative, & Voted that the Selectmen be the Committee for those 
purposes. 

The Petition of Sundry Inhabitants for paving that part of Cross 
Street that leads into Back Street was Read, and Voted that the 
Selectmen cause said Street to be Pav'd provided the Abutters pay 
their proportionable part as [427.] Usual, the same to be pav'd 
according to the direction of the Selectmen. 

The Article in the Warrant, Whether the Town will make Ap- 
plication to the General Court for Relief as to their proportion of 
the Public Taxes, was taken into Consideration, and after some 
Debate thereon, Voted that Benjamin Prat Thomas Greene Richard 
Dana James Boutineau Esq. Doct r . William Clarke, John Rowe 
John Ruddock and Royal Tyler Esq. M r . Oxenbridge Thacher, 
M r . Thomas Gushing, M r . Isaac Walker, M r . Nathaniel Bethune 
M r . Samuel Adams and Andrew Oliver jun r . Esq r . be and they 
hereby are appointed a Committee to make such Application to the 
General Court from time to tune as they shall judge proper, in 



24 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

order to obtain Relief as to the proportion of the Public Taxes, 
and in the Name and Behalf of the Town to prefer any Petition or 
Petitions to the General Court as said Committee shall think ef- 
fectual for those purposes. 

The Town took into Consideration that Article in the Warrant 
viz*. What method can be taken for Regulating the quantity of 
Firewood brought into Town for sale by Land Carriage, and there- 
upon Voted that John Rowe Esq r . Cap 1 . William Tayler M r . 
Robert Auchmuty M r . Samuel Swift and M r . William Story be & 
they hereby are appointed a Committee to consider what Method 
they apprehend best for the Town to take for ascertaining the 
Measure & Quantity of Wood bro't to Town by Laud Carriages, 
& Report their Opinion to the Town at the propos'd Adjournment 
of this Meeting. 

Voted that Mess. William Fairfleld Benjamin Dolbeare & 
Thomas Foster be & they hereby are Appointed a Committee to 
consider in what manner it will be best to repair, or to raise the 
Brick Wall in the South Burial Place on the back of the Work- 
house & the Expence of doing the same, & Report their Opinion 
thereon at the Adjournment of this Meeting. 

[427] Voted that the Sum of Seven Thousand Pounds be 
rais'd by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within this Town for the 
Relief of the Poor, and defreying other necessary Charges, arising 
within the Town the Year ensuing. 

Voted that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . Peleg Wiswall for his Salary as Master of the North Grammar 
School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him quarterly, 
and to Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred and twenty Pounds be 
allowed and paid unto M r . John Lovel for his Salary as Master of 
the South Grammar-School the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him quarterly and to commence at the expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and paid 
to M r . Abia Holbrook for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in the Common the Year ensuing, the same to be paid him 
quarterly and to Commence at the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid to M r Zach*. Hicks for his Salary as Master of the North 
writing School the ensuing Year, to be paid him quarterly, and to 
Commence at the expiration of the last quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . Samuel Holyoke for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in Queen-Street for the ensuing Year, to be paid him 
quarterly, and to Commence at the Expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed and paid to 
M r . John Procter for his Salary as a Master of the Writing School 
in Queen-Street [428.] The ensuing Year, to be paid him quar- 
terly and to Commence at the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and paid to M r . 
Nathaniel Gardner for his Salary as Usher of the South Grammar- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1759. 25 

School, the ensuing Year, to be paid him quarterly, & to Com- 
mence at the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allow'd & paid to M r . 
Ephr m . Langdon for his Salary as Usher of the North Grammar 
School the ensuing Year, to be paid him Quarterly, & to Com- 
mence at the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allow'd & paid to M r . 
John Vinal for his Salary as Usher of the Writing School in the 
Common the ensuing Year, to be paid him Quarterly, & to Com- 
mence at the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allow'd & paid to M r . 
John Tileston for his Salary as Usher of the North writing School 
the ensuing Year, to be paid him quarterly, and to Commence at 
the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allow'd and paid 
to M r . David Jeffries for his Services as Treasurer of the Town 
the Year past, and for all his Expences in that Office. 

The Committee appointed the 14 th . March AD 1758. to Audit 
the Accompts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries, now report that they have 
attended that Service & find the same right cast and well vouch'd, 
in which he charges himself with Sundry Fines, Rents and other 
Incomes of the Town, also with the Tax of 6000, all which 
amounts (including the ballance of the old Acco'.) to 7817, ,3,, 
4,,f . and the said Treasurer discharges himself by sundry Abate- 
ments made the Collectors, by Draughts made by the Selectmen 
amounting to 2856. ...18. ...9^. and by Draughts made by 
the Overseers [429.] of the Poor, which contain the Charges of 
the Alms-house and Workhouse amounting to 18 11, ,3,, Of 
which we have inspected in a very particular manner by examin- 
ing every particular Voucher produced by the Overseers for the 
amount of that Sum, and every other branch of Public Charge, all 
amounting to 7437,, 3,, 0^ by which it appears that when all 
the Taxes Rents and Incomes of the Town are in, the ballance 
will be 380,, 0,, 4^ which the said Treasurer is further to 
Accompt for, ajs^ajjpjjajrs^Jsy^he^ 

given in by saitl^Committee and on File. Which Report and 
A"c^ompTT5eTn^^e^7^ r 6^e7rtHafWe "same be, and hereby is Ac- 
cepted. 

Voted that this Meeting be and hereby is Adjourned to Tuesday 
the 12 th . of June next, at 9 o'Clock in the forenoon. 

June 12 th . 1759 The Town mett according to Adjourn- 
ment. 

The Selectmen appointed a Committee the sixteenth of May 
1758 to Visit the Schools now made the following Report viz*. 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Bos- 
ton in Town Meeting Assembled May 15 th . 1759. 

Pursuant to the Vote of the Town of Boston at their Meeting 
the sixteenth of May last desiring the Selectmen to visit the 
Schools and invite such Gentlemen to accompany them as they 
should think proper, do now Report, 

That on the 2 th . day of June last we attended that Service ac- 
companied by the following Gentlemen viz'. 



26 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

His Excellency Governor Pownall 
His Honour Lieu*. Gov r . Hutchinson 
The Hon. Jacob Wendell Esq r . 

Samuel Wells 

Samuel Waldo 

Andrew Oliver 

Stephen Sewall 

John Erving Esq. 

The Gent n . the Represent, of Boston 
The Gent n . the Overseers of the Poor. 
The Rev d . D r . Joseph Sewail 

M r . Eben r Pemberton 

M r . Sam 1 . Mather 

M r . Andrew Eliot 

M r . Sam 1 . Cooper 

M r . Treas r . Gray 

Joshua Winslow Esq r . 

Richard Dana Esq r . 

Stephen Greenleaf Esq r . 

Samuel Grant Esq r . 

M r . Thomas Hill 

M r . Treas r . Jeffries 

M r . Samuel Adams 

M r . Oxenbridge Thacher & 

M r . William Story 

And found in the South Grammar School there was 107 Scholars, 
in the South Writing School 230 Scholars, in the Writing School 
in Queen street 230 Scholars, in the North Grammar School 35 
Scholars, in the North Writing School 224 Scholars, all in very 
good Order. Read and Accepted and Voted that the Gentlemen 
the Selectmen be and they hereby are desired to visit the Schools 
this present Year, and invite such Gentlemen to accompany them 
as they shall think proper. 

The Committee appointed the 15 th of May last to consider what 
Method can be taken for regulating the quantity of Firewood brought 
into Town for Sale, by Land Carriage, Reported, that they had 
duly considered the matters to them Referr'd, and that they are 
convinced that the Town has been greatly imposed upon in the 
purchase of Wood brought to Market by Land Carriage to the 
amount of several hundred pounds lawful money yearly which Im- 
position daily increases to the great detriment of the Poor of the 
Town, and to prevent which it is their Opinion that application be 
made to the General Court that an Act be pass'd prohibiting the 
Sale of any Wood brought by Land-Carriage except it be of the 
length of four feet as is already provided by Law for Wood 
brought by Water, and to be subject to an Admeasurement 
by such [431.] Person or Persons as shall be appointed under 
Oath by the Town for that purpose. Which being Read, 
Voted, that the same be Accepted. Also Voted that John 
Rowe Esq r . Mess. William Tayler Robert Auchmuty Samuel 
Swift and William Story be, & they hereby are appointed a 
Committee to preferr a Petition to the General Court, praying 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1759. 27 

that a Law may be pass'd for the several purposes mentioned 
in the aforesaid Report. 

The Committee appointed the 15 th . of May last to make Enquiry 
whether the Town have aright to open a Passage way on the 
North side of Faneuil-Hall Market into Union Street, and erect a 
Bridge there without prejudice to the Abutters, & to converse with 
the Abutters concerning it, & compute the whole Expence that 
may attend the effecting said Bridge Passage way &c a . do now 
Report, That they have conferr'd with the Abutters who strongly 
object to the same and urge that they have an exclusive right to 
the Dockage therein, but that they had not time thoroughly to 
disease tlie merits of their said Claims, That they had also consid- 
ered what would be the Cost of building the proposed Bridge and 
find it would be upwards of One hundred Pounds Lawful money 
besides the loss of the annual rent of the Shop proposed to be 
demolished and therefore they can't think it prudent in the Town 
at present to open the Passage-way or erect the Bridge in the 
manner proposed, which being Read, Voted that the same be and 
hereby is Accepted. 

The Committee appointed the 15 th . day of May last to consider 
in what manner it will be best to repair or to raise the Brick- Wall 
in the South Burial place on the back of the Work-house, and the 
Expence of doing the same, now Report, that they had considered 
the said Affair and find that the proprietors of the Tombs, by their 
Grant nre obliged to build and keep in Repair the Brick- Wall at 
the head of their Tombs, almost all of which are now very much 
out of Repair, that when they have repaired them, the Committee 
are of Opinion that if the Town raise the Wall four feet nine 
inches higher, one hundred and four feet in length, it will [432.] 
Answer the proposed design, the Cost whereof will be about 
Thirty five Pounds Lawful money, which being Read and consid- 
ered of, Voted that said Report be not accepted. And after some 
debate Voted that the Selectmen for the time being be and they 
hereby are desired to take such Methods as they shall judge proper 
to cause the Proprietors of such Tombs as are out of repair from 
time to time to repair the Brick- Walls belonging to the Tombs in 
said Burial place according to the Conditions of the Grants made 
when liberty was given for erecting said Tombs. . 

The Committee appointed the twelfth day of March last to con- 
sider the Article in the Warrant for widening Ann-Street and 
repairing (he Pavement there, whether it will not be more conven- 
ient for the Town to have said Street widened, the manner of 
doing it, and what is necessary for the Town to do in order to 
effect the same, now Report as their Opinion that it will be most 
convenient for the Town the said Street shou'd be widened, and 
that the Front of the House belonging to the Heirs of M r . Jere- 
miah Allen be moved back from the Street at the Northerly end 
three feet eight inches and that from from thence a line be run 
South, part Westerly so as to cut off the front of said house eight 
feet at the extreme part of the Southerly end, and that the Select- 
men be impowered to draw on the Treasury for a Sum not exceed- 
ing forty pounds to him or them who shall effect the same provided 



28 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

it be done in such way and manner as they shall approbate, and 
that the Town be at no further Charge respecting this removal. 
As to paving the said Street the Committee are further of Opinion 
that it be left to the discretion of the Selectmen which Report was 
Read, and thereupon 

[433.] Voted that the same be and hereby is Accepted. 

Also voted that the Selectmen for the time being be and they 
hereby are directed and impowered to give a Draft on the Town 
Treasurer for a sum not exceeding Forty pounds to such Person 
or Persons to whom the same shall be due when said Street shall 
be widened in the manner mentioned in the Report aforesaid, and 
that the Town be at no further Charge respecting the same, and 
that the paving said Street be left to the discretion of said Select- 
men. 

The Article in the Warrant viz* Whether the Town will take at 
their risque such Tickets in Boston Lottery N. seven, as may re- 
main unsold on the day that shall be fixed by the Managers for 
drawing it." was taken into Consideration, And thereupon Voted 
that the Town will take at their risque said Ticketts accordingly. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given to 
the Moderator of this Meeting for transacting the Buisness thereof. 

Voted that all Matters & Things that are unfinished at this Meet- 
ing be & hereby are referr'd over to the Meeting called this day 
by a new Warrant to be then Acted upon. 

And then this Meeting was dismiss'd. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in Public Town Meet- 
ing Assembled at Faneuil-Hall on Tuesday the Twelfth day of 
June AD 1759 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

The Precept for choosing one Representative in the room of the 
Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq r . Read. 

[434.] The Freeholders and other Inhabitants pursuant to 
said Precept proceeded to the choice of one Representative and 
brought in their Votes and upon Sorting and Counting 'em it 
appeared that Roy all Tyler Esq r . was chose, which being declared, 

The Town chose John Phillips Esq r . for the Moderator of the 
Meeting to transact the other Buisness mentioned in the Warrant. 

Voted that the Meeting be Adjourned to 3 o'clock in the After- 
noon. 

June 12 th 1759. Three o'Clock P.M. The Town mett. 

The Article in the Warrant for considering of some Method to 
prevent the Engrossing of Hay brought by Water Carriage was 
debated, & Voted that said Article be dismiss'd. 

The Article in the Warrant viz*, whether it will not be for the 
Interest of the Town to shut up Faneuil-Hall Markett for such a 
time as may be thought proper, was considered, and after a con- 
siderable Debate thereon, Voted that Faneuil-Hall Markett be 
shut up for the space of six Months from this day. 

The Article in the Warrant viz*. To determine whether such of 
the Inhabitants as do not give in to the Assessors a Valuation of 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1759. 29 

their Estates, shall be Abated any part of the Tax Assess'cl 'em, 
was taken into Consideration, and thereupon It was Voted, that 
the Assessors be & they hereby are directed not to abate any part 
of the Tax of such of the Inhabitants, as do not give or send in 
to them upon Oath a List or Valuation of their Rateable Estates 
within the time said Assessors shall fix for bringing in the same, 
except of such of the Inhabitants as were not in the Province 
within the time limited by the Notification of the Assessors for 
doing it. Also Voted that this Order or Vote shall not be con- 
strued to extend [435.] In such manner as to abridge the 
power the Assessors have by the standing Law of the Province 
for releiving of Poor Persons in their Taxes. 

The Article in the Warrant viz 1 . "Whether the Town will re- 
consider their Vote pass'd in May last, for raising the Sum of 
Seven Thousand Pounds for clefreying the Expences of the cur- 
rent year was Considered of, and after some debate thereon, It 
was Voted that only the Sum of Four Thousand five hundred 
Pounds he rais'd by a Tax on the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town for defreyiug the Expences of the current year, 
the Vote pass'd in May last notwithstanding. 

Voted that Five Pounds on the Hundred be and hereby is al- 
lowed to such Gentlemen as have or shall lend Money to the 
Town, the same to be deducted out of their Tax, and the Col- 
lectors are hereby ordered to discount after the rate of five p Cent 
to such persons, as shall lend any Sums of Money to the Town, 
out of their Tax when they receive the same. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualif3 T ed and warned in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil-Hall on Friday the 27 th . of July 
AD 1759. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

John Phillips Esq r . was chose Moderator. 

The Town proceeded to Act on the Petition of many Inhabitants 
praying that Faueuil-Hall Markett [436.] May be open'd, and 
after a Considerable debate thereon, It was moved & seconded, 
that a Question be put, viz 1 . Whether said Markett shall be now 
open'd, and that it be determined in the following manner viz', 
such of the Inhabitants as are for opening said Markett write Yea, 
and such as are not write Nay, and that the Votes be so received, 
and said Question being put, it pass'd in the Affirmative, there- 
upon the Inhabitants withdrew and brought in their Votes, & upon 
Sorting 'em it appeared there were 158 Yeas & 132 Nays, The 
Moderator then declared that by Vote Faneuil-Hall Markett is to 
be now open'd. 

The Town then Voted that M r . Oxenbridge Thacher John Kud- 
dock Esq r . Richard Dana Esq r . Cap 1 . Nathaniel Greenwood and 
Joshua Winslow Esq r . be & they hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to consider what additional Rules and Orders, to those now 
in force may be necessary to be pass'd by the Town for the bettor 
regulating Faneuil-Hall Markett, and reducing the exorbitant 



30 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

price of Provisions ; and said Committee are desired to make Re- 
port of their doings hereon at the intended Adjournment of this 
Meeting. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to Friday the third day 
of August next at ten o'Clock in the forenoon. 

Friday August the 3 d . 1759 The Town mett according to Ad- 
journment. 

The Committee appointed the 27 th . of July last to Consider of 
further regulations for Faneuil-Hall Markett, Report that they 
have attended that service and apprehend the principal cause a 
Market can be supposed to be, of the raising the price of Pro- 
visions arises from the too long continuance of it, and from the 
Markett People's being allowed to stay till one o'Clock and that if 
the Market were shut at eleven, it would be an advantage both to 
those who usually buy at the Markett, and those who depend on 
being supplyed at their own Houses. As the Sellers would sooner 
[437.] Take up with the price offered by the one and sooner 
disperse to supply the other. But as the shutting the Markett- 
house only, wou'd rather increase the Nusances of the People with 
their Teams and Horses on the outside of the house, and in off ct 
continue the Market there it will be necessary to make it penal for 
any to buy out of the Market hours in Dock Square. They have 
therefore drawn a Bye- Law to take in these proposals which tlr.-y 
herewith present, and as they are new. and therefore shou'd be 
tried before they are fixed, the Law is drawn so as to be in force 
for four Months only, in which time their useful or contrary effect 
may be better determined. Which Report was Read and Accepted, 
and the Bye-Law referr'd too in said Report was Read several 
times, which is as follows. 

For the better Regulation of Faneuil-Hall Markett. 

It is Ordered and Voted that from and after the twenty first day 
of August current, and from thence for the space of four Months 
the Market of Faneuil-Hall shall be daily shut up at eleven o'Clock 
in the forenoon, and shall not be open any more that day excepting 
on Saturdays in the Afternoon, and on other Afternoons preceed- 
ing days set apart by this Government for religious Service. And 
that during that space of four Months no Inhabitant of this Town 
shall buy any Provisions out of these Markett hours in nny part of 
Dock square, as described in these limits following, to wit, be- 
ginning at the Swing Bridge running thence to M r . Henderson 
Inches Warehouse, from thence to the Corner house occupied by 
M r . Peter Minot, thence to the Corner house occupied by M r . 
Peace Cazneau, thence to the Dwelling house now improved by 
Mess". John & Jonathan Amory, thence to the Dwelling house of 
the Hon. Eliakim Hutchinson Esq r . thence to the [4.38.] Store 
improved by M r . Timothy Newell thence to the Corner of the 
Store improved by the Hon. Thomas Hubbard Esq r . and from 
that Corner to the Swing Bridge aforesaid, unless the Buyer be :m 
Inhabitant within those Limits. And every Inhabitant of this 
Town for each breach of this Law shall forfeit the Sum of five 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1760. 31 

shillings, and if such Buyer be a Son under Age or Servant, the 
penalty shall be paid by his Parent or Master or Mistress. 

And after due Consideration thereof Voted that said Bye-Law 
be and hereby is pass'd, and that the Town-Clerk prepare an 
Attested Copy of the same & present it to the Court of Sessions 
to be held at Boston on Tuesday the 14 th . of August instant for 
their Approbation and Allowance. 

Voted that the Selectmen be desired to appoint one or more 
Persons to observe all such as may be guilty of the Breach of said 
Law and prosecute them for the same. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil-Hall on Monday the tenth day of 
March AD 1760. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Andrew Eliot. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting . . Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

The Hon b!e . Thomas Hubbard Esq r . is chose Moderator of this 
Meeting, and took the Oath respecting his paying and receiving Bills 
of Credit of the [439.] Governments of Connecticut New Hamp- 
shire & Rhode Island as required by the Act of the Province. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait was unanimously chose Town Clerk for the 
Year ensuing, and having taken the Oath rel a . to his receiving and 
paying Bills of Credit of the other Governments took the Oath of 
Office for the faithful discharge of his Duty, which were Admin- 
istred to him by John Phillips Esq r . 

Sundry Petitions Read. 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen and the 
Votes being brought in and Sorted it appeared that 
Joshua Henshaw Esq r . 
Joseph Jackson Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Gushing 
M. Samuel Hewes 
M r . John Scollay 
M r . Benj a Austin & 
Andrew Oliver jun r . Esq r . 

were chose, and they took the oath relating to their receiving and 
paying in Bills of the other Governments as required by Law. 

John Rowe Esq r . made a motion which was Seconded, That as 
his Excellency Goveruour Pownall is appointed by His Majesty 
Governour of the Province of South Carolina, and his Excellency 
will soon leave this Province, that the Mind of the Town may be 
known whether they will present an Address to his Excellency to 
return him Thanks for the many great and important Services he 
has done the Province during his Administration, Thereupon it 
was unanimously Voted that an Address be presented to his 
Excellency accordingly, and the Selectmen having prepared one, 
it was Read, and is in the Words following viz'. 

[44O.] To his Excellency Thomas Pownall Esq r . Captain 
General Governour and Commander in Chief in and over His 



32 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts-Bay in New England, 
Vice Admiral of the same. 
May it please your Excellency, 

We the Freeholders and Inhabitants of the Town of Boston at 
our Annual Meeting Assembled beg leave with great respect and 
the sincerest good Wishes to Address your Excellency on }-our 
intended departure from us. 

While we Congratulate your Excellency upon the repeated marks 
of our Sovereign's approbation & acceptance, your important 
services to His Majesty's Interest, and to this Province, at the 
same time permit us to assure you, that the People who enjoy the 
fruit of these Services are not insensible of them nor of their 
Obligations to your Excellency. 

Your unwearied attention to the Security and Welfare of this 
whole Community, your tender regard to our Civil & Religious 
Rights, the singular Oeconomy which }*ou have preserved in all 
Public Expences, and your Zealous Care that the People's Money 
should be employed for His Majesty's Real Service, and the 
People's benefit, the Patronage you have afforded to our Trade 
and Commerce, and the kind concern which you have always ex- 
pressed for the Interest of this Metropolis in all it's Branches 
demand our Warm & respectful acknowledgments and must leave 
in our minds a long and grateful Remembrance of your Adminis- 
tration Touch'd with this Retrospect may we be allowed to 

sa}' that we cannot but regard with some mixture of regret that 
fresh token of the Royal Favour to your Excellency which so 
early removes you to another Province. 

We ardently wish your Excellency under the Care & Blessing 
of Heaven a prosperous Voyage and that your Talents may long 
continue to be employed with Honour and Success in the Service 
of His Majesty & for the public Good. And thereupon it was 
unanimously Voted that the same be accepted, and that the Town 
Clerk prepare a fair [441.] Copy of the said Address, and that 
the Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting, 
& the Gent Q . the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to wait on his Excellency the Governour, and in the Name 
of the Town present said Address to him. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Overseers of the 
Poor, and upon Sorting 'em it appeared that, 

John Phillips Esq r . 

M r . Isaac Walker 

Ebenezer Storer Esq r . Excus'd. 

M r . John Barrat 

M r . John Tudor 

Royall Tyler Esq r . 

Thomas Flucker Esq r . 

M r . William Phillips 

James Pitts Esq r . Excus'd 

M r . Isaac Smith 

M r . Benj a Dolbeare 

Melatiah Bourn Esq r . 
were chose for the Year ensuing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1760. 33 

The Votes were brought in for a Town Treasurer and upon 
reviewing 'era it appeared that M r . David Jeffries was chose, and 
having taken the Oath relating to his paying and receiving Bills of 
Credit of the neighbouring Governments took the Oath for the 
faithful discharge of his Duty. 

Voted that twelve persons be chose as Constables for the Year 
ensuing separate from the Collectors of Taxes. 

Voted that any Person chose into the Office of a Constable for 
the ensuing Year be excus'd from Serving on his paying a Fine of 
Four Pounds. 

Voted that the Town proceed to the choice of twelve Constables 
'muiediately and the Vote being in it [442.] Appeared that 
Mess". Augustus Hale .... Sworn 
Nath 1 . Thayer .... Sworn 
Francis Salmon .... Sworn 
W m Waite Wallis . . . Sworn 

John Rogers Sworn 

James Thomas .... Sworn 

John Liswell Sworn 

Samuel Bradley jun r . . . Sworn 
Abraham Howard . . . Sworn 
Joseph Gendall .... Sworn 
Eliphalet Parker . . . Sworn 

John Mills Excus'd 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Clerk of Faneuil Hall 
Market, and upon Sorting 'em it appeared that Abijah Adams was 
chose Clerk for the Year ensuing. 

Ebenezer Storer and James Pitts Esq. who are chose Over- 
seers of the Poor pray'd the Town will excuse them from any 
further attendance in that Office, Voted that they be Excus'd 
accordingly, Also Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
is given to said Ebenezer Storer and James Pitts E)sq rs . for the 
good Services they have done the Town as Overseers of the Poor 
for some Years past. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for two Overseers of 
the Poor in the room of Ebenezer Storer and James Pitts Esq". 
who are Excus'd and upon sorting 'em it appeared that 
M r . Samuel Dexter & 
M r . Jon a . Mason, were chose. 

The Article in the Warrant viz 1 . To know whether the Town 
will give Instructions to their Representatives to use their En- 
deavours at the next Meeting of the General Court that some 
proper person be appointed as an Agent for the Province at the 
Court of Great Britain to manage [443.] the many Affairs of 
Importance relative to the Province that now are or may be there 
depending," was taken into Consideration, and thereupon it was 
Voted that Mess". Samuel Adams William Cooper Oxenbridge 
Thacher John Phillips Esq r . and Nathaniel Greenwood be and 
they hereby are appointed a Committee to consider what is best 
for the Town to do thereon, and Report the same to the Town. 

The Petition of Sundry Inhabitants that the Assessors may be 
impowered to abate the Taxes of such of the Inhabitants as were 



34 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

out of the Province, or had not setled their Books, and could not 
give in a List of their Rateable Estates to the Assessors within the 
time limited by the Vote in June last, provided they make it appear 
to said Assessors that they are Over-rated," was Read, and taken 
into Consideration & thereupon Voted that said Petition be dis- 
missed. 

Voted that, John Rowe Esq r . M r . William Phillips and Melatiah 
Bourn Esq r . be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to 
examine the Accompts of the Managers of Boston Lotteries N os . 
Seven Eight and Nine, and the}* are desired to make Report thereon 
to the Town at the Meeting in May next. 

Mess. Cornelius Thayer . . . Sworn 
Nathaniel Parker . . . Sworn 
Nathaniel Hurd .... 
Daniel Henchman . . . Sworn 
Neal MMntire .... Sworn 
Thomas Downe .... Sworn 
Benj a . Henderson . . . 
William Bowes .... Sworn 
James Jackson .... 
Oliver Wiswall .... Sworn 
Samuel Barrat & . . . Sworn 
Houghton Perkins . . . Sworn 
were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 
[444.] Mess". William Nichols . . . 

William Welch .... Sworn 
Isaac Vergoose . . . Sworn 
Robert Ford .... Sworn 
Andrew Symmes . . . Sworn 
Clement Collins . . . Sworn 
William Paine .... 
Thomas Bailey .... 

Caleb Ray 

John Lougley .... Sworn 
Nathaniel Wales & . . 
John Greenough . . . Sworn 
were chose Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Aftar Stoddard 

Joseph Webb jun r . 
George Jeffries 
Andrew Hall 
Benjamin Edes 
John Brown 
John Forsyth 
Nath 1 . Thayer 
Edward Holiday 
Nich. Gray 
Ebenezer Lowell & 
Henry Perkins 
were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing. 

Mess. Obadiah Low Sworn 

Story Dawea 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1760* 35 

Nath 1 . Wales 

William Moore 

Onesip 8 . Tileston & 

Caleb Ray 
were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 

M r . John Gray 

was chose Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensuing. 
[445.] Mess. Nathaniel Gardner & 

Joseph Belknap 
were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing. 

M r . John Ranstead was chose Hayward for the Year 
ensuing. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned 'till to Morrow Morning 
pine o'Clock in the forenoon. 

Tuesday Morning nine o'Clock the Town met according to Ad- 
jourment. 

John Phillips Esq r . 

Joseph Jackson Esq r 

John Rowe Esq r . 

M r . John Scollay 

Royal Tyler Esq r . 

Cap 1 . Newman Greenough 

Cap'. Solomon Davis 

M r . Joseph Jackson 

M r . Samuel Austin 

M r . William Cooper 

Cap*. Hopestill Foster 

M r . John Mico Wendell 
were chose Firewards for the Year ensuing. 

David Greenleafe . . . Sfforn 
Mess". William Fairfield 

John Kneeland 

Samuel Edwards 

Benjamin Church 

Joseph Bradford 

William Torrey & 

Jonathan Brown 
were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing. 

Mess. Cornelius Thayer Sworn 

Robert Hewes Sworn 

Adino Paddock & 

Jon*. Blake Sworn 

were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 
[446.] Mess rS . John Ranstead 

John Gill 

John Cooper & 

Thomas Palfrey 

were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing. 
Nothing done thereon. In margin. [Tything-Men.] 
Mess. David Spear 

Benjamin Barnard Sworn. 

Nathan Spear 



36 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Robert Treat 
John Askins 
Edward Cowell 
Samuel Barnard 
Joshua Pico 
John Hobbs 
John Helyer 
were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing. 

The Selectmen. In margin. [Surveyors of Highways.] 
Voted that the Sum of nine pence on the pound be and hereby 
is allowed to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of Taxes 
for the Year ensuing for all such Sums as they shall Collect, pro- 
vided they pay into the Town Treasury one half part of the 
whole Sum they are obliged to pay him within four Months from 
the time they receive the Tax Hooks from the Assessors, and the 
other half part in three Months after, and also pay into the Prov- 
ince and County Treasuries one half part of the whole Sum they 
shall be obliged to pay them respective!}' in Seven Months from 
the time they shall receive the Tax Books from the Assessors as 
aforesaid, and the other half part in five Months after ; and in 
Case either of said Collectors shall fail paying, in the manner as 
aforesaid, the Collector so failing shall not be entitled to the 
aforesaid Allowance of nine pence on the pound but wholly forfeit 
the same, provided [447.] Also that each of said Collectors give 
Bond with sufficient Sureties to the satisfaction of the Selectmen 
for the faithful discharge of their Duty in said Office, and comply- 
ing with this Vote. 

Mess 13 . John Ruddock Esq r . 
M r . John Grant 
?.1 T . Jonathan Payson 
M r . Samuel Adams, 
were chose Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing. 

The Committee appointed yesterday to consider whether it is 
best for the Town to give Instructions to their Representatives to 
use their Endeavours at the next Meeting of the General Ccurt 
that some proper Person be appointed as an Agent for the Province 
at the Court of Great Britain to mtinage the many Affairs of Im- 
portance relative to the Province, that now are or may be there 
depending, Report, 

That inasmuch as the General Assembly have so lately dismissal 
their Agent it would be premature for the Town positively to in- 
struct their Representatives to use their Endeavours at the next 

Meeting of the Court that another may be chosen But as it 

is highly probable, that the Court will in their own Wisdom judge 
it proper to enter into the Consideration of so important a matter, 
the Committee think it expedient that the Town should express 
their Mind to their Representatives relative to such a Choice 

and accordingly Report the following Draft. To M r . John 

Tyng Thomas Flucker Esq r . Benjamin Prat and Royal TyKr 
sq rs . 
Gentlemen, 

When the Freeholders and Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1760. 37 

made choice of you to represent them in the General Assembly they 
entrusted }'ou with all their Power to Act in the Affairs of Govern- 
ment according to your best discretion, and althd. they have no 
room to doubt but that you have consulted and will continue to 
consult [448.] the general Interest of the Province and of this 
Town so considerable a part of it ; yet always reserving to them- 
selves the liberty of Communicating their Sentiments to their Re- 
presentatives as they shall judge convenient, they take occasion at 
this their annual Town Meeting regularly called to instruct you 
with regard to an Agency for the Province at the Court of Great 
Britain. 

When you consider how large a share of the Public Burden is 
born by your Constituents you will not wonder, that they are 
greatly Concerned that every prudent method may be taken to 
make it more light : And while they are sensible of the Importance 
of the many Affairs relative to the Province which are or may be 
depending at the Court of Great Britain, they would strongly rec- 
ommend it as a subject of your Enquiry whether such Affairs may 
not be successfully Conducted there with less Expence than in time 
past. 

Should the General Court in their "Wisdom think proper to enter 
into the Consideration of this matter, your Constituents would ex- 
press to you their Opinion, That by appointing a Gentleman who re- 
sides at or near the City of London the heavy Charge of wholly sup- 
porting an Agent sent from this Province would be saved to 
the People. 

Accordingly you are desired to use your best Endeavours that 
some such Gentleman may be chosen whose Integrity and Abilities 
are well known there, and who may carry an Influence as well by 
his own Character Station and Connections as from the Regard 
which may be paid to him as the Representative of a Province 

Nor do we suppose it will be difficult to find such a Person, 

whose natural Attachments to our Religious as well as Civil Rights, 
together with the Qualifications before hinted at may recommend 
him to your Confidence and choice. Which Report being Read 
and Considered of it is thereupon 

Voted that the same be and hereby is accepted, & the Town 
Clerk is directed to give a fair Copy thereof to each of the Gentle- 
men tlie Representatives of the Town. 

[449.] The Town brought in their Votes for a County Treas- 
urer, and they were Sealed up by Constable Thomas to be by him 
kept and returned to the next General Sessions of the Peace to be 
held for this County. 

The Selectmen's Report on the Acco*. of M r . John Fenno 
Keeper of the Granary for the Year past as Entered in his Book 
(and on File in the Town Clerk's Office) Read and Voted that the 
same be Accepted, and that M r . Fenno be accountable to the 
Town for 40 Bushels of Rye & 20 Bushels of Indian Corn remain- 
ing unsold am , to 12,, 5,, 4, and also for the Sum of 478,, 
15,, ll Cash now in his hands, exclusive of the Sum of 26,, 
13,, 4 for his Salary and Assistance, as Charged in his Account 
which is hereby allowed him. 



38 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Joseph Jackson Esq r . M r . John Scollay & M r . Timothy Newell 
are chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, and they are 
desired and impowered to give all needful directions to the Keeper 
of the Granary, respecting the quantities of Grain to be Sold, and 
Setting the price thereof from time to time as occasion shall 
require. 

The Committee appointed the 12 th . of March last to Audit the 
Accompts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries now Report That they have 
attended that Service, and find the same right cast and well 
vouch'd, in which he charges himself with Sundry Fines R-ints and 
other Incomes of the Town, as also with the Tax of 4500 all 
which amount (including the ballance of the old account) to 
5533,, 7,, 1^. And the said Treasurer discharges himself by 
sundry Abatements made the Collectors, by Drafts made by the 
Selectmen amounting to 2710,, 3,, 4. of which he has paid 
2118,, 12,, 9. and by Drafts made by the Overseers of the Poor 
which contain the Charges of the Aims-House and Work-house 
am , to 1971,, 6,, 9 of which he has paid 1460,, 4,, 0^. 

[45O.] The said Committee having inspected said Drafts 
containing the Charges of the Aims-House and Work-House in a 
very particular manner by Examining every Voucher produced by 
the Overseers for the amount of their said Drafts and every 
other Branch of Public Charge all amounting to 6235,, 16,, 6. as 
$> Acco'. of Town Treasury in the said Treasurer's Books, Bal- 
lance whereof being 702,, 9,, 4f. is carried to the Debit of now 
Account. Which Report & Accompt being Read, Voted that the 
same be and hereby is accepted. 

Voted that John Rowe Esq r . M r . Will m Story M r . Samuel 
Waterhouse M r . Thomas Gray & M r . Samuel Phillips Savage, be 
and hereby are appointed a Committee to audit the Accompts of 
M r . Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accompts of the Overseers of 
the Poor and the Committee are desired and impowred to inspect 
every particular Account of the Monies expended for the use of 
the Aims-House, they are also impowered when they shall audit 
said Accompts to allow to said Overseers or such of them as shall 
advance Monies for the Relief of the Poor, Interest on all such 
Sums from the time advanced 'till they shall audit s d . Accompts. 

The Committee to wait on his Excellency Governour Pownall 
with the Address of the Town to him, Report, that they have so 
d me and that IMS Excellency was pleas 'd to give the following 
Answer Viz*. 
M r . Moderator & Gentlemen, 

I receive this kind and very affectionate Address of the Town 
in that high Esteem which I have alway held the respectible from 
whom it comes, and I desire you to make known my thanks for it. 

The Inhabitants of this Capitol zealously regarding the King's 
Service and the People's Interest as one and the same thing, and 
bearing testimony that these have been united under my Adminis- 
tration, do me the most effectual honour, for His Majesty never 
[4t51.] thinks his Service so well conducted as when it truly 
serves the Interest of his People. 

Wherever the King commands my Services there it must be my 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1760. 39 

duty and honour to Serve. But tho' my Civil Connections with 
this Community determine by my present Destination, yet my At- 
tachment to it will ever remain invariable, and my gratitude 
towards it will ever be an indispensable Duty, and if ever I shall 
be in any Situation wherein I may be useful to the Civil Religious 
or Commercial Interests of this Town it will alway be my study 
how I can best Serve it, and my happiness to be able to Serve 

it. POWNALL. 

Voted that the Assessors be and they hereby are impowered to 
sit on every Thursday from this time untill the last Thursday of 
April next inclusive, & no longer for making an Abatement of the 
Taxes of such Persons as they shall judge reasonable, saving that 
they have liberty to sit the two last Weeks in Nov r . next to abate 
(if they see cause) the Taxes of all such Persons as shall appear 
to them to have been out of the Province, and so could not have 
made Application to them for an Abatement by said last Thursday 
in April, and also that they may then abate the Taxes of such 
Persons as may have dyed Insolvent or become Bankrupts between 
>aid last Thursday in April and last of November. 

Voted that such Gentlemen as shall lend any Monies to the Town 
for the use of the Aims-House be and hereby are allowed at and 
after the rate of five per Cent for such Sums as they shall lend the 
same to be deducted out of their Tax, and the Collectors are hereby 
ordered to discount the same out of their Tax when they shall 
receive it. 

Voted that the Selectmen be and they [452.] are hereby desired 
to take every Method in their Power to reduce the great Number 
of Licenc'cl Houses, and that when any Licenc'd Persons remove 
or die, that they do not Licence them or others in their Room but 
when they shall judge it to be of absolute necessity and con- 
venience. 

The Article in the Warrant viz'. "To determine what is neces- 
sary to be further done for widening Ann Street," was considered 
of and thereupon Voted that the Selectmen be a Committee to 
Treat with the Persons Intrested in the House belonging to the 
Estate of M r . Jeremiah Allen deceased, or the Guardians of such 
as are Minors, what they expect to have for so much thereof as is 
necessary to be taken down for widening said Street, and also 
Consider whether any further Application is necessary to be made 
to the General Court for effecting the same, and Report their 
doings hereon at the General Town Meeting in May next. 

Voted that all Matters and Things that remain unfinished at this 
Meeting be and hereby is referr'd over to the General Town Meet- 
ing in May next, to be then Considered of and Acted upon. 

Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
is given to the Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq r . the Moderator of 
this Meeting for transacting the Buisness thereof. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

[453.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in Public 



40 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Town Meeting Assembled at Fanueil-Hall on Tuesday the 13 th . 
day of May AD 1760. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . Samuel Checkley jtm p . 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

Joshua Henshaw Esq r . one of the Selectmen propos'd in their 
Names to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the choice of 
one or more Persons to Represent them in the Great and General 
Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday twenty 
eight day of May current, and in order thereto to consider and 
ascertain the Number of Gentlemen to be Elected, accordingly, it 
was Voted to proceed to the Choice of four Representatives, and 
then it was declared by the Selectmen that no Votes will be rec d . 
but such as are unfolded, and that they propose the Poll shall be 
clos'd at twelve o'Clock. 

The Votes being brought in, the Number of Voters were found 
to be 997, and upon Sorting' em it appeared that the four following 
Gentlemen were chose viz'. 

The Hon ble . Samuel Welles Esq r . had 604 
Thomas Flucker Esq*. . 629 
Royal Tyler Esq r . . . 863 
John Phillips Esq r . . 928. 

The Choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in 
their Votes for a [454.] Moderator of this Meeting, in order that 
the Town may proceed in transacting the other Affairs mentioned 
in the Warrant, accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew and bro't in 
their Votes, and upon Sorting 'em it appear'd that John Phillips 
Esq r . was chose. 

Then Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to three o'Clock in 
the Afternoon. 

Three o'Clock P.M. the Inhabitants Assembled. 

Voted that Mess rs . Oxenbridge Thacher Benj a . Kent and James 
Otis Esq r . be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to pre- 
pare an Answer to the Petition of the Town of Dorchester lately 
preferr'd to the General Court, wherein they pray that this Town 
may obliged to pay a proportionable part of the Charges they have 
been at in rebuilding a Bridge over Naponsit River near Jackson's 
Mills, and that said Bridge maybe established as a County Bridge, 
and maintained by the County. And said Committee are desired 
to Sign said Answer and in the name of the Town give it in to the 
General Court at their next Sessions. 

Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given for all Public Donations that have been made for the 
Relief of such Persons as suffered by the great Fire that happened 
in Town the 20 th . of March last, and also for all private Donations 
that have been made for the same purpose. And that this Vote 
be made known by inserting it in all the Public Prints. 

The Town proceeded to consider what Methods are best to be 

taken to prevent the Spreading of Fires, and for the more speedy 

. extinguishing of 'em, also of securing Goods Merchandizes 

&c a , and [455.J thereupon Voted that the Gentlemen the Fire- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1760. 41 

wards of the Town be and hereby are appointed a Committee to 
consider of this Affair and Report their Opinion what method is 
best for the Town to take for the purposes aforesaid, and Report 
the same to the Town. 

On the Article in the Warrant viz 4 . " Whether the Town will 
give directions that the Pump in the Well near Dock Square be 
Repaired, and how the Expences thereof be paid " Voted that this 
Affair be left to the Selectmen to do therein what they may think 
proper. 

The Article in the Warrant viz'. To consider of the Petition of 
sundry Inhabitants " that the Town would apply to the Parliment 
of Great Britain for a Grant to be made for the Relief of such In- 
habitants as suffered by the great Fire the 20 th . of March last, and 
also to such of His Majesty's Subjects for further Relief as the 
Town may think proper," was proceeded upon, and thereupon Voted 
that John Thomlinson and William Bollan of London Esq. be and 
they hereby are appointed Agents for this Town in order to make 
Application at Home, in such way and manner as they may think 
proper for obtaining Relief for the poor distress'd Sufferers that 
were burnt out by the great Fire which happened in Town the 20 th . 
of March last, 

Voted that the Selectmen be a Committee to consider what 
directions may be proper to be given to the Town Agents in this 
Affair, & prepare a suitable Letter to be sent to the Agents there- 
upon, and Report the same at the Adjournment of this Meeting. 

Voted that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to make such Application to any of His Majesty's Subjects 
on this Continent or in the West India Islands for further Relief 
as they may judge proper. 

[456.] Voted that the Gentlemen and Merchants in this 
Town be and they hereby are desired to write to their Correspond- 
ents abroad, and use their utmost Interest with them to afford 
some assistance towards making up the great Loss sustained by 
Fire in this Town the 20 th of March last. 

The Article in the Warrant viz'. " To know the mind of the Town 
about clearing and opening the Streets and Lanes that have been 
or may be laid out in that part of the Town that has been lately 
demolished by Fire, and determine how the Charges arising thereby 
may be paid," was taken into Consideration and after a consider- 
able Debate thereon, it being moved and seconded the following 
Question was put viz'. Whether the new Highway or Street that is 
proposed by the Commissioners to be laid out thro' part of M r . 
John Wheatley's House-Lot fronting King Street and to run back 
to the South-East near the House Lot of Benj a . llallowdl Esq r . 
will be for the Interest and Convenience of the Town ? Voted in 
the Negative by a great Majority. Also Voted that the Selectmen 
be desired to inform the Commissioners of said Vote pnss'd. 

The Article in the Warrant viz'. " Whether the Town will make 
Application to the General Court that the Taxes of such Inhabi- 
tants, as were burnt out, or that sustained Losses by the late Fire 
may be Abated, was Considered and thereupon Voted that the 
Selectmen be and the}' hereby are appointed a Committee to make 



42 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Application to the General Court for an Abatement of said Taxes 
accordingly. 

The Article in the Warrant viz'. " Whether the Town will do 
any thing towards repairing the South- Battery " was Considered, 
and thereupon Voted that the Selectmen be desired to fence in the 
Lands of the South Battery, and also Erect a [457.] such a small 
Building as they may judge to be necessary for the Convenience of 
it and nothing more be at present done there. 

The Article in the Warrant viz'. " What Method can be taken for 
obtaining Relief as to the number of French Neutrals lately ordered 
into Town by the General Court for Subsistance, and in what manner 
those of 'em that remain here shall be supported" was Considered 
of, but nothing done thereon, as the Town were Informed that each 
Town in the Province had their proportion of the French Neutrals 
to provide for, by order of the General Court, and that the Over- 
seers of this Town, must take the same Care of said French 
Neutrals ordered here as of other Poor. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to Friday the 16 th . instant, 
at nine o'clock in the forenoon. 

May 16 th . 1760. The Town met at nine o'Clock in the forenoon 
according to Adjournment. 

Voted that the Sum of Four Thousand five hundred Pounds be 
rais'd by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within the Town for Relief 
of the Poor, and defreying other necessary Charges within the 
To\vn the ensuing Year. 

Voted that the Assessors be and they hereby are directed not to 
Abate any part of the Tax of such of the Inhabitants as do not 
give or send in to them a List or Valuation of their Rateable 
Estates within the time said Assessors shall fix for bringing in the 
same, except of such of the Inhabitants as were not in the Province 
within the time limited by the Notification of the Assessors for 
doing it, Also Voted that this Order or Vote shall not be Con- 
strued to extend in such a manner as to abridge the Power the 
Assessors have by the standing Law of the Province for relieving 
of Poor Persons in their Taxes. 

[458.] Voted that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . Peleg W is wall for his Salary as Master of the North 
Grammar School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
quarterly, and to Commence at the Expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred and twenty Pounds be 
allowed and paid unto M r . John Lovel for his Salary as Master of 
the South Grammar-School the ensuing Year the same to be paid 
him quarterly, and to Commence at the Expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allow'd and paid 
unto M r . Ahia Holbrook for his Salary as Master of the Writing- 
School in the Common the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him quarterly and to Commence at the expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . Zachariah Hicks for his Salary as Master of the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1760. 43 

North-Writing School the ensuing Year the same to be paid him 
quarterly & to Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . Samuel Holyoke for his Salary as a Master of the 
Writing School in Queen Street the ensuing Year the same to be 
paid him quarterly, & to Commence at the Expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed and paid to 
M r . John Procter for his Salary as a Master of the Writing-School 
in Queen-Street the ensuing Year to be paid him quarterly, and to 
commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . James Lovel for his Salary as Usher in the South Grammar 
School the ensuing Year, to be paid [459.] him quarterly and to 
Commence from the time he entered upon that Service. 

Voted that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . Ephraim Langdon for his Salary as Usher in the North Gram- 
mar School the ensuing Year, to be paid him Quarterly and to 
Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . John Vinal for his Salary as Usher of the Writing School in 
the Common the ensuing Year, to be paid him Quarterly, and to 
Commence at the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . John Tileston for his Salary as Usher in the North Writing 
School the ensuing Year, to be paid him quartrly and to Commence 
at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Twenty Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . Peleg Wiswall Master of the North Grammar School, in 
Consideration of his faithful Services of his duty as Master of said 
School. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . David Jeffries for his Services as Treasurer of the Town 
the Year past, and for all his Expences in that Office. 

Voted that the Sum of Twenty Pounds be allowed and paid to 
M r . Abijah Adams for his Salary as Clerk of Faneuil-Hall Market 
the Year past. 

The Committee appointed the 13 th . ins*, to consider what direc- 
tions may be proper to be given to John Thomlinson and William 
Bollan Esq": Agents for [46O.] the Town and to prepare a 
suitable Letter to be sent 'em, now Report a Draft of a Letter for 
that purpose which being Read and Amended, Voted that the 
same be Accepted, said Letter as amended being in the Words 
following viz' : 

Boston New England May 16 th . 1760. 
Gentlemen, 

We suppose you are not unacquainted with the great Calamity 
that has befallen this Metropolis, in the late Fire the 20 th . March 
last, which has reduced a great part of the Houses and Estates of 
the Town to ruin. 

The General Assembly of this Province mov'd with the sight of 
such distress have made humble Application to His Majesty on 



44 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

behalf of the Sufferers, and have desired his Excellency Governour 
Pownall who soon Embarks for England to present their Address 
to His Majesty upon this occasion, and to use his good Offices in 
obtaining the Relief pray'd for, and in remitting what shall be so 
obtained, but tho' the Town think that such an Application to IJis 
Majesty comes with much more Advantage from the Governour 
and both Houses of Assembly, than it would have done from them- 
selves, yet, so extensive is the Damage sustained that they cannot 
forbear to entreat the Assistance aud relief of their private Friends 
in Great Britain in behalf of the unhappy Sufferers : they have ac- 
cordingly Voted that every Gentleman in Town be desired to uso 
his Interest with his Correspondents for the purpose aforesaid, and 
further we are to acquaint you of the Choice the Town at their 
Meeting on the 13 th . instant made of you as their Agents to Sollicit 
and make application in any way and manner you think proper 
upon this occasion, as also to receive any Donations that may be 
lodged in your hands in Consequence of a number of Letters wrote 
here by the Merchants in general to their several Correspondents 
in London and other parts of Great Britain to obtain relief for the 
many distress'd Families amongst us some of whom from Affluent 
and many from easy Circumstances are by this sore Calamity re- 
duced to great straits and indigence, the Monies you may receive 
for this charitable purpose you are desired to remit to the [461.] 
Selectmen and Overseers of the Poor of the Town of Boston. 

Your Characters leave us not the least room to doubt Your 
readiness to employ your good Offices upon this occasion we there- 
fore think it needless to say any thing to excite your Compassion 
being assured your Breasts have a tender feeling for the distress'd 
and are warm with every generous and benevolent Sentiment. 
We are, 

Gentlemen, 

In the Name & by order of the Town Your 

most Obed 1 . hum : Servants. 
JOHN THOMLINSON & 
WILLIAM BOLLAN ESQ BS . 

Voted that the Selectmen prepare fair Copies of said Letter 
Sign 'em in the Name of the Town and forward them to the 
Agents as soon as may be. 

The Committee appointed the tenth of March last to examine 
the Accounts of the Managers of Boston Lotteries N os . Seven 
Eight and Nine, Report that they have attended that Service, and 
find them right, and that the said Accompts be allowed viz'. 



To Joshua Henshaw Esq r 40 

Joseph Jackson Esq r 40 

M r . Thomas Gushing 41 

M r . Samuel Hewes 39 

M r . John Scollay 37 



16 
7 
5 
6 
1 

12 
14 



M r . Benj a . Austin 39 

And w . Oliver jun r . Esq r 38 

Which Report was Read, & Voted it be Accepted. 

The Committee appointed the 13 th ins 1 , to consider what Methods 

are best to be taken to prevent the spreading of Fires and for the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1760. 45 

more speedy extinguishing of 'em, also for securing of Goods 
Merchandize &c a . in the time of Fire made the following Report viz 1 . 
That for the future the Care and Inspection of the Engines be 
left to the Firewards, and that when and so often as they shall be 
found to want repair they take effectual Care to see it done, ac- 
cording to their best discretion, and [462.] that the Accounts 
of Charges arising hereby be laid before the Selectmen for their 
Approbation. 

That the Fire Hooks be immediately repair'd, and that there be 
two Hooks to each Engine and that white Rope be affixed to the 

Hooks That there be fifteen fathom of white Rope always 

kept in each Engine House for the more eas.y pulling down of 

Houses That there be two Axes provided for each Engine 

and affixed thereto. The Committee are further of Opinion that 
there be two Men added to each Company of Engine Men whose 
more immediate Buisness it shall be to take Care of the Ropes and 
Axes, and to do such duty therewith as the Fire- Wards shall 
direct, those two to be Excus'd from Town duty only. Voted that 
the same be Accepted. 

The Committee appointed the 15 th of May last to Visit the Public 
Schools now Report as follows viz*. 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
in Town Meeting Assembled May 13 th . 1760. 

Pursuant to the Vote of the Town at their Meeting the 15 th of 
May last desiring the Selectmen to visit the Schools & invite such 
Gentlemen to accompany them as they shou'd think proper do now 
Report, That on the fourth day of July last we attended that 
Service accompanied by the following Gent", viz'. 
The Hon ble Samuel Welles 

John Wheelwright & 
Thomas Hancock Esq. 
George Cradock Esq r . 
John Phillips Esq r . 
Foster Hutchinson Esq r . 
Ebenezer Storer Esq r . 
Thomas Flucker Esq r . 
Richard Clarke Esq r . 
James Pitts Esq r . 
Sam 1 . Grant Esq r . 
James Otis Esq r . 
Royal Tyler Esq r . 
Belcher Noyes Esq r . 
Melatiah Bourn Esq*. 
The Rev d . Doct r . Sewall 
M r . Byles 
M r . Eliot 
M r . Cooper 
M r . Isaac Walker 
M r . John Tudor 
M r . W m . Phillips 
M r . Tho 8 . Hill 
M r . Benj a . Dolbeare 



46 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

M r . John Hamock 
M r . Tho 8 . Tyler 
M r . Oxen Thacher 
M r . David Jeffries 
M r . Alex r . Chamberlain 
M r . Sam 1 . Swift 

[463.] We found in the South Grammar School there were 
117 Scholars, in the South Writing School 220 Scholars, in the 
Writing School in Queen Street 225 Scholars, in the North 
Grammar School 33 Scholars, and in the North Writing School 
220 Scholars, all in very good Order. 

Voted that said Report be accepted, and the Selectmen are 
desired to visit said Schools the ensuing Year as usual, and they 
are desired to invite such Gentlemen to accompany them, as they 
may think proper. 

M r . Oxenbridge Thacher mov'd that he may be Excused from 
being on the Committee appointed to draw an Answer to the 
Petition of the Town of Dorchester, relating to Rebuilding Nepon- 
sit Bridge. 

Voted that M r . Thacher be Excused accordingly, and that Ben- 
jamin Prat !'.sq r . be on said Committee in his Room. 

Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
is given to John Phillips Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting for 
transacting the Business thereof. 
Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

[464.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally qualifyed and warned in 
publick Town Meeting Assembled at the Town House on Monday 
the Ninth Day of March Anjao Dom. 1761. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r . Sewall. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Sundry Laws enjoyned to be read at this Meeting, were ac- 
cordingly read. 

John Phillips Esq. was chosen Moderator of this Meeting, and 
took the Oath respecting his paying and receiving Bills of Credit 
of the Governments of Connecticut New Hampshire & Rhode 
Island as required by the Act of the Province ; and the Meeting 
adjourned to the Rev d . M r . Cooper's Meeting House. 

William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing 
and having taken the Oath relating to his receiving and paying 
Bills of Credit of the other Governments, took the Oath of Office, 
for the faithful discharge of his duty, which were administred 
him by John Phillips Esq. 

Voted unanimously that the thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. for his faithfull services 
many years past as Town Clerk. 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted it appear'd that 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. . . . Excused 
Joseph Jackson Esq. . . . Excused 
Thomas Cashing Esq. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1761. 47 

[465.] Samuel Hews Esq. 
John Scollay Esq. 
Benjamin Austin Esq. 
Andrew Oliver Jun r . Esq. . . Excused 

were chosen, and Joshua Henshaw Esq. Joseph Jackson Esq. 
and Andrew Oliver Jr. Esq. desired to be excused, the other 
Gentlemen accepted, and took the Oath required by Law, re- 
specting the irreceiving and paying Bills of the other Governments. 
Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town, be and hereby 
are given unto Andrew Oliver Jun r . Esq. for his faithfull service 
as Selectman for some Years past. 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Overseers of the 
Poor, and upon sorting them it appear'd that 

John Phillips Esq. 

M r . Isaac Walker 

M r . John Barratt 

Royall Tyler Esq. 

Thomas Flucker Esq. 

M r . William Phillips 

M r . Benjamin Dolbear 

M r . Isaac Smith 

Meletiah Bourne Esq. 

M r . Samuel Dexter 

M r . Jonathan Mason 

M r . Henry Bromfield 
were chosen for the ensuing year. 

Voted that the Petition relative to the Market be taken under 
consideration 4 O'Clock P M : and that the choice of County 
Treasurer and Register of Deeds &c a . for the County be ime- 
diately after. 

[466.] Upon a motion made and seconded, it was unani- 
mously Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are 
given to M r . John Tudor, for his good services to the Town as 
an Overseer of the Poor for some years past. 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Wardens, and upon 
sorting them it appeard that 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

Royal Tyler Esq. 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 

Thomas Flucker Esq. 

Thomas Gushing Esq. 

Johan Scollay Esq. 

Melatiah Bourn Esq. 

Benjamin Austin Esq. 

M r . John Barrat 

M r . William Phillips 

M r . Samuel Dexter 

M r . Samuel Phillips Savage 
were chosen for the Year ensuing. 

The Votes were brought in for a Town Treasurer, and upon 
sorting them it appeared that M r . David Jeffries was unanimously 
chosen, and having taken the Oath relating to his paying and 



48 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

receiving Bills of Credit of the other Governments took the Oath 
of Office for the faithful discharge of his duty which were admin- 
istred him by John Phillips Esq. 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Firewards and upon 
sorting them it appeared, that 

John Phillips Esq. 
Joseph Jackson Esq. 
John Scollay Esq. 
[467.] Royal Tyler Esq. 

Cap*. Newman Greenough 
M r . Samuel Austin 
Cap'. Solomon Davis 
M r . William Cooper 
M r . John Mico Wendell 
M r . Joseph Jackson 
John Rowe Esq. 
M r . Henderson Inches 
were chosen for the ensuing Year. 

Voted that this Meeting be adjourned to Rev d . D r . Sewalls 
Meeting House. 3 O'Clock in the Afternoon. 

3 O'Clock Afternoon met according to adjournm*. Upon a 
motion made and seconded, the question was put whether Col- 
lectors of Taxes shall be chosen seperate from Constables passed 
in the affirmative. 

Voted, that any Person chosen into the Office of a Constable for 
the Year ensuing ma} r be excused from serving on his paying the 

Sum of Four Pounds 

The clause in the Warrant relating to the repairing Faneuil 
Hall Market, purchasing the Lands adjoining, enlarging the 
Square around it, and filling up the Dock &. came under consid- 
eration whereupon after debate the question was put whether 
it be the mind of the Town that Faueuil Hall Market be repair'd 

or rebuilt passed in the Negative. 

At the same time Voted, that the Selectmen be desir'd to take 
such Methods, as may be necessary for the security of the Walls 
of Faneuil Hall Market. 

[468.] Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to take such 
steps as the Law directs for the widening the Street between 
Faneuil Hall Market, and Mess. Bromfiolds, Waterhouses and 
Gibbs Stores. 

Voted that James Otis Esq. Ezekiel G old th wait and Thomas 
Green Esq. M r . Isaac Smith and M r . John Avery be a Committee 
to confer with the Abuttors upon the Town Dock relative to the 

filling it up, and report at the next Maj T Meeting. 

The Town brought in their Votes fora County Treasurer, which 
were received and sealed up by Constable Thomas to be by him 
kept, and returu'd to the next Court of the General Session of the 
Peace to be held for this County. 

The Town brought in their Votes for a County Register which 
were received and sealed up by Constable Thomas to be by him 
kept & return'd to the next Court of the General Session of the 
Peace to be held for this County. 



BOSTON Towx RECORDS, 1761. 49 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants for paving Rawsons 
Lane was Read, and a motion made and seconded that Twenty five 

Founds be allowed for that purpose passed in the negative ; 

and then it was Voted that the Petition be dismissed. 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants for paving Bacon 
Street, was read and the question then put, whether the prayer of 
the petition should be granted passed in the negative. 

Voted, that the choice of Collectors shall come on to Morrow 10 
O'clock in the Forenoon. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to meet at the Town 
House, to Morrow Morning 9 O'Clock Forenoon. 

[469.] 9 O'Clock A.M. Met a:cording to adjournment 
and further adjourned to the Rev d . D r . Bewails Meeting 
House. 

Voted, that the Town proceed imediately to the choice of twelve 
Constables, and the Votes being brought in and sorted it appeared 
that 

Mess. Augustus Hale .... Sworn 
Nathaniel Thayer . . . ditto 
Francis Salmon .... ditto 
James Thomas .... ditto 
John Rogers .... ditto 

Elisha Byles ditto 

William Dorrington . . . ditto 
Samuel M.Clure . . . ditto 
Eliphalet Parker . . . ditto 
Stephen Syms .... ditto 

John Weld ditto 

John Crompston . . . ditto 
were chosen for the ensuing Year .... ditto 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Clerks of the Market, 
and upon sorting them it appeard that 
Mess. Cornelius Thayer 
Daniel Parker 
Benjamin Henderson 
Nathaniel Hurd 
Daniel Henchman 
Oliver Wiswall 
Neale MMntyre 
James Jackson 
William Bowes 
Houghton Perkins 
Thomas Fleet 

[47O.] John Welch 

were chosen Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. William Moore 
Joseph Russell 
Story Dawes 
Samuel May 
James Barnard 
Onesiphorus Tilestone 
were chosen Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 



50 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Mess. William Nichols 

Isaac Vergose 

Kobert Ford 

Andrew Syms 

Clement Collins 

William Paine 

Thomas Bayley 

Caleb Ray 

John Langley 

Nathaniel Wales 

John Grenough 

James Ridgway 

were chosen Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Ebenezer Lowell 

Isaac Savage 

John Edwards 

Jonathan Adams 

Benjamin Fitch 

William Bowman 

Edward Hollyday 
[471.] Solomon Kneeland 

Benjamin Harrod 

Joseph Calf 

Samuel Smith 

After Stoddard 

were chosen Scavengers for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. David Spear 

Samuel Barnard 

Nathan Spear 

Robert Treat 

Peter Cotta 

Samuel Treat 

Jonathan Jenkins 

John Haskins 

John Hyllier 

Joshua Pico 

were chosen Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing. 
M r . John Gray was chose Surveyor of Hemp. 
Mess. Nathaniel Gardner 

Joseph Belknap 
were chosen informers of Deer for the Year ensuing. 

M r . Thomas Chapman 

was chosen Hayward for the Year ensuing, but excused. 
Mess. Martin Gay 

David Cutler 
were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing. 

The Selectmen In margin. [Survey, of High Way] 
[472.] Mess". Cornelius Thayer 

Robert Hews 

Adino Paddock 

Jonathan Blake 
were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1761. 51 

Mess. Clement Collins 

Jonathan Jenkins 

Cap'. Thomas Stoddard 

Leodore Cross 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, that the sense of the Town 
should be taken upon the following question viz*. Whether the Se- 
lectmen shall be allowed a discretionary power as to the payment 
of the Premium to the Town Collectors for the Collecting of Taxes 
in Years past, any former Vote to the contrary notwithstanding. 

passed in the affirmative 

Voted that the Sum of Nine Pence on the Pound be and hereby 
is allowed to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of Taxes 
for the Year ensuing, for all such Sums as they shall Collect, pro- 
vided they pay into the Town Treasury one half part of the whole 
Sum they are obliged to pay him, within four Mounths from the 
time they receive the Tax Books from the Assessors, and the 
other half part in three Months after, and also pay into the 
Province and County Treasuries one half part of the whole sum 
they shall be obliged to pay them respectively in seven Months 
from the time they shall receive the tax Books from the Assessors 
as aforesaid, aud the other half part in five Months after ; and in 
case either of said Collectors shall fail paying in the manner 
aforesaid ; the Collector so failing shall not be entitled to the 
aforesaid allowance of nine Pence on the Pound, but wholly forfeit 
the [473.] Same, provided also that each of said Collectors give 
Bond with sufficient surties to the satisfaction of the Selectmen 
for the faithful discharge of their duty in said Office, and com- 
plying with this Vote. 

Voted, that the Selectmen shall have a discretionary power as to 
the payment of the Collectors Premiums for the ensuing Year, the 
above Vote notwithstanding. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Four Collectors of 
Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeared that 

John Ruddock Esq. 

M r . Jonathan Payson 

M r . John Grant 

M r . Samuel Adams 
were chosen into that Office for the Year ensuing. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven Assessors and 
upon sorting them it appeard that 

Mess". William Fairfield 

John Kneeland 

Samuel Edwards 

Benjamin Church 

Josi'ph Bradford 

William Torrey 

Jonathan Brown 
were chose into that Office for the Year ensuing. 

The Proposals of D r . Sylvester Gardner for Erecting an Inocu- 
lating Hospital were read, and after long debate the question was 
put, Whether there be any Place within the limits of the Town, 



52 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

where such an Hospital can be Erected, consistent with the safety 
of the Inhabitants. passed in the negative. 

[4:74.] Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to 3 O'Clock 
P.M: 

3 O'Clock P.M : Met according to Adjournment. 

The Selectmen reported on the Account of M r . John Fenno 
Keeper of the Granary for the Year past, which Account as entered 
in his Books (and on file in the Town Clerks Office) was read, 
whereupon it was Voted, that the same be accepted, and that M r . 
Fenno be accountable to the Town for 1050 Bushels of Corn, and 

240 Bushels of Rye remaining unsold amounting to 223 and 

also for the sum of 263,, 15,, 2^ Cash now in his hands exclusive 
of the sum of twenty six Pounds thirteen shillings and four 
Pence for his Salary and Assistance, as charged in his Account, 
which is hereby allowed him. 

Joseph Jackson Esq. John Scollay Esq. and M r . Timothy Newell 
were chose purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, and they are 
desired and impower'd to give all needful directions to the Keeper 
of the Granary respecting the Quantitys of Grain to be sold, 
and affixing the price thereof from time to time as occasion shall 
require. 

Voted that John Rowe Esq. 

M r . William Story 
Cap'. John Leaveret 
M r . William Gray 
Cap'. William Tayler 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Ac- 
counts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries and also the Accounts of the Over- 
seers of the Poor, and the said Committee are eujoin'd to inspect 
every particular Account of the Moneys expended for the use of 
the Alms House, they are also impower'd when they shall Audit 
said Accompts to allow such of the Overseers as shall advance 
Moneys for the relief of the Poor, Interest on such Sums, from the 
time so advanced, till they shall have Audited said Account. 

[475.] Voted, that the Assessors, be and are hereby directed 
& impowerd to set for the abatement of such taxes as they shall 
judge reasonable, on every Thursday, till the first Thursday in 
April inclusive, and no longer, saving that they be allowed to set 
the two last Weeks in November, for the abatement of the taxes 
of such Persons as had not an opportunity of applying in the above 
limited time by reason of their being out of the Province, at which 
time they are also allowed and impower'd to abate the Taxes of 
such Persons as may have died Insolvent or become Bankrupts, 
between the said last Thursday in April and the last Day of No- 
vember. 

Voted, that such of the Inhabitants as shall advance Moneys to 
the Town for the use of the Alms House, be and hereby are allowed 
at and after the Rate of Five p Cent upon such sums as they shall 
so advance, and the Collectors are hereby Order'd to discount those 
sums together with the allowance thereon out of the said Gentle- 
mens respective Taxes. 

The Town brought in their Votes for three Selectmen in the 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1761. 53 

room of the three Gentlemen who had declined serving, and upon 
sorting them it appeard that only 
Mess. Samuel Sewall 

Thomas Gray excused 

were chosen, and M r . Thomas Gray for reasons mentioned were 
excused by the Town from serving in that Office. 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to Joshua Henshaw Esq. and Joseph Jackson Esq. for 
their faithful services as Selectmen a number of Years past. 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby 
are given to the Selectmen for the extraordinary care they have 
hitherto [476.] Taken to prevent the spreading of the small 

Pox 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Selectman, and upon 
sorting them it appear'd. that Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. was chosen, 

but for reasons mentioned was excused from serving 

Voted that the Selectmen with such Gentlemen as they shall 

think proper to invite, be a Committee to visit the Schools 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to act upon the List 

of Jurors 

Upon consideration of that clause in the Warrant relating to 
Ladders &c a . Voted, that 

Cap 1 . Solomon Davis 
Melatiah Bourn Esq. 
James Otis Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to draw up a By Law, 
which shall oblige the Inhabitants to keep one Ladder at least at 

their several Dwelling Houses 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to continue their best en- 
deavours, to prevent the spreading of the Small Pox 

A Letter of M r . Abiah Holbrook Master of the South Writing 
School, to the Selectmen, to be by them communicated to the Town 
was accordingly read, but in as much as the matter of said Letter, 
was not contain'd in the Warrant for calling this Meeting, M r . 
Holbrook had leave to withdraw it, and it was thereupon with- 
drawn 

A Motion made and seconded, that there be a Committee chose 
to consider of the best method for the repairs of Faneuil Hall, 
and the [477.] Wayes and means for defreying the Charge of 

the same, and to Report at the adjournment of this Meeting 

whereupon 

James Otis Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
Thomas Greene Esq. 
John Ruddock Esq. 
M r . William Phillips 
Melatiah Bourn Esq. 
M r . Samuel Hughes 
were appointed a Committee for that purpose. 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to notify the Inhabitants 
of the time when the Committee appointed to consider of the repairs 
of Faneuil Hall & are to make their report 



54 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for two Selectmen, & 

upon sorting them it appear'd that 

Mess". Samuel Phillips Savage & 

Ezekiel Lewis 
were chosen into that Office for the Year ensuing. 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant viz*. " Whether 
it will be necessary for the Town to make any further application to 
the General Court for relief under their present distressed Circum- 
stances " It was Voted, that the Committee of the Town rais'd in 

March 1757 to make such application to the General Court for 

relief &c a . as they shall from time to time Judge expedient, be and 
hereby are desired to take this matter under their consideration, 
and make Application as they shall think proper 

A Motion made and seconded that a Committee may be chosen 
to draft a Petition, to be preferr'd to the General Court at their 
next [478.] Session, relative to the Incumbrances on Dock Square, 
and to Report at the adjournment of this Meeting, whereupon 
James Otis Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
M r . William Story 
were appointed a Committee for that purpose. 

Voted, that the consideration of School Masters Salarys and all 
others Salarys be referred to May Meeting. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Monday the 23 d . Instant 
10 oClock A.M : then to meet at the Town House. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 

Town of Boston by Adjournment March 23 d . 1761 10 o'Clock 

A.M. 

The Committee appointed to consider of the best method for the 
repairs of Faneuil Hall & c ., and the ways and means for defreying 
the charge of the same, Reported That they had considered the 
matter submitted, and are of opinion that it is for the interest of 
the Town to have Faneuil Hall repair'd, and that the best method 
of repairing the same is to have the Roof Slated, the Window Frames 
of Stone and the Ornaments with as little Wooden work as possible, 
and as to the ways and means of defreying the charges, they think 
it best to apply to the General Assembly for a Lottery. Which 
Report being read, and considerable debate had thereon, It was 

Voted, That the same be accepted Also further Voted 

That the Selectmen be & hereby are desired & impower'd to prefer 
a Petition to the General Court, at their next Sessions, praying 
that the Hon ble . Court would by an Act impower some suitable 
Persons to raise by way of Lottery such a sum of Money as may 
be sufficient for the aforesaid purpose. 

[479.] Upon a Motion made and seconded 

Voted, that in as much as it will be necessary in order effectually 
to Repair Faneuil Hall, to Repair in some measure the lower part 
of said Buildings ; It is the Sense of the Town notwithstanding that 
the lower part shall not be improved as a Market, till the further 
Order and Determination of the Town. 

The Committee Appointed to draw up a By Law which shall 
oblige the Inhabitants to keep one Ladder at least at their several 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1761. 55 

Dwelling Houses, Reported as their opinion that such a Law will 
prove fruitless, and that instead thereof it would be better for the 
Town to provide about Sixty good Ladders, to be distributed & 
deposited at convenient places in the Town, and that it be recom- 
mended by the Town to the several Fire Meetings to provide them- 
selves with such a number as they may think necessary for their 
mutual safety, they also apprehend that about three to each Meet- 
ing, with the Town Stock would answer all the ends desired. 

wbich report was read and accepted whereupon it was 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are desired and im- 
power'd to provide as many Ladders for the Town as with the 
present stock shall make up the number Sixty. 

And whereas it would be for the better security of the Town, if 
the several Fire Societys would provide three Ladders each, to be 
lodged in such places as they shall Judge most convenient, there- 
fore. 

Voted, that such provision be recommended by the Selectmen. 

James Otis & Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. and M r . William Story 
being a Committee Appointed to draft a Petition to be prefer'd to 
the General Court at their next Session relative to the Incum- 

brances in Dock Square, Reported the following Draft 

Viz 1 . 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

[48O.] To His Excellency Francis Bernard Esq. Cap*. Gen- 
eral & Governour in Chief of the Province aforesaid, to the 
Hon ble . His Majestys Council and House of Representatives in 
Great & General Court Assembled the Day of March Anno Dom- 
ini 1761. 

The Petition of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
humbly sheweth 

That the standing of People with their Horses and Carts in and 
about Dock Square, and the Streets round the Market Place in 
said Town is a grievous Incumbrance to all the Inhabitants round 
said Square and is become a common and constant N usance, and 
the lives and Limbs of the Subject, are thereby often endangered, 
and frequent attempts have been made in the ordinary course of 
the common Law for preventing the said Nusance, but without the 
desir'd effect, and the Petitioners apprehend it will be impossible 
to find a suitable remedy for the abuses aforesaid without the 
interposition of the Great and General Court, wherefore the Peti- 
tioners humbly Pray, that your Excellency and Honors would take 
this matter into consideration, and that a special act may be 
passed for preventing the said Nusance, and your Petitioners as in 
duty bound shall ever pray & c . Which Draft was Read and 
accepted, whereupon it was 

Voted, that the said Committee be and hereby are desired to 
present the same as soon as may be. 

The Town made choice of Edward Curtis for a Hayward in the 
room of Thomas Chapman, who was excused from serving in that 
Office for reasons by him given 

A Motion was made and seconded that whereas the Commit- 
tee appointed by the Town March 1757 to make such applica 



56 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

tion to the General Court for relief &c a . as they shall from time to 
time Judge expedient, and which then consisted of fifteen Persons, 
is [481.] Now by reason of deaths, and removals, reduced to 
the number of Eleven, the Town should therefore now proceed to 
fill up those vacancys, whereup it was 

Voted, that James Otis Esq. 

Ebenezer Storer Esq. 
Joseph Jackson Esq. 
M r . John Barratt 
be and hereby are added to the said Committee. 

Voted, that all Matters and things that remain unfinished, be 
and hereby are referred over to the Annual Town Meeting in May 

next, to be then considered of and acted upon 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
John Phillips Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for transacting 
and dispatching the Business thereof. 
Then the Meeting was dissolved. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston, legally qualifyed and warned in publick Town Meeting 
Assembled at the Town House on Monday the 23 d . Day of March 
Anno Domini 1761. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

The Town proceeded to the choice of a Moderator by a Hand 
[482.] Vote, and John Phillips Esq. was unanimously chosen 
Moderator, and took his Seat accordingly. 

A Letter of M r . Zachariah Hicks late Master of the North 
Writing School was read, and upon a Motion made and seconded 
The Thanks of the Town were Voted to the said M r . Hicks, for 
his faithful services as a School Master, a number of Years 
past 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants, Praying that a Muster 
might be Appointed to the North Writing School in the room of 
M r . Hicks who had resign'd was read. 

Also the Petitions of M r . John Vinall, Usher of the South Writ- 
ing School ; and of M r . John Tilestone Usher of the North Writing 
School, each of them praying that he might be appointed to suc- 
ceed M r . Hicks as Master of the North Writing School. 

Voted, that the Town proceed immediately to the choice of a 
Master for the North Writing School in the room of M r . Hicks 
who had resign'd. 

The Town having brought in their Votes, upon sorting them it 
appeared, that the number of Voters were 403. and that M r . John 
Tilestone was chosen Master of the North Writing School by a 
very great majority. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 

[483.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhab- 
itants of the Town of Boston, legally qualifyed and Warned in 
Publick Town Meeting Assembled at the Town House on Tuesday 
the 12 th . Day of May AD. 1761. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . Samuel Checkley Sen 1 ". 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1761. 57 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

Thomas Cushing Esq. one of the Selectmen proposed in their 
Name to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the choice of 
one or more Persons to Represent them in the Great & General 
Court or Assembled to be held at Boston upon Wednesday the 27 
Day of May Current, and in order thereto, to consider and ascer- 
tain the Number of Gentlemen to be Elected ; accordingly it \va? 
Voted to proceed to the Choice of Four Representatives, and then 
it was declared by the Selectmen that no Votes will be received but 
such as are unfolded, and that they propose the Poll shall be 
closed at 12 'Clock 

The Votes being brought in ; the number of Voters were found 
to be 334 and upon sorting them it appeared that the Four fol- 
lowing Gentlemen were chosen .... Viz*. 
John Phillips Esq. 
Royal Tyler Esq. 
James Otis Esq. 
Thomas Cushing Esq. 

The choice of Representatives being over, and declared by the 
Selectmen, the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and [484.] 
Bring in their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, in order that 
the Town ma\" proceed in transacting the other affairs mentioned 
in the Warrant ; accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew and brought 
in their Votes, and upon sorting them it appeared that John 
Phillips Esq. was chosen. 

The Petition of a number of the Inhabitants for paving part of 
Purchase Street was read, and the further consideration referred 
to 4 'Clock. P.M. 

The Consideration of the Report relative to the filling up the 
Dock to come on immediately after the Town has acted upon the 
Petition for paving Purchase Street 

Voted that this Meeting be adjourned to 3 "'Clock P: M: 

3 'Clock P: M: The Town met according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to examin the Accounts of David 
Jeffries Town Treasurer have attended that Service, and find the 
same right cast and well vouch'd, in which he charges himself 
with sundry Fines, Rents and other Incomes of the Town, as also 
with the tax of 4500 all which amount (including the balance 
of old Account) to 7047,, 9,, 9 And the said Treasurer dis- 
charges himself by sundry Abatements made the Collectors, by 
Drafts made by the Selectmen amounting to 2750,, 9,, 4 of 
which he has paid 1889,, 6,, 3,, and by Drafts made by the 
Overseers of the Poor which contain the charges of the Alms 
House amounting to 2155,, 11,, 11 of which he has paid 
11. fl, ,1,, 3A amounting in all to 7851,, 1,, 44 

The said Committee have inspected said Drafts in a very par- 
ticular manner, and have examined every Voucher produced by 
the Overseers for the amount of their Drafts ; and every other 
branch [485.] Of publick Charge, all amount as above to 
7851,, 1,, 4 as by Account of Town Treasury in the said 
Treasurers Books Balance whereof being 803,, 11,, 7. is carried 



58 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

to the Debit of New Account which Report and Account being 
read Voted that the same be and hereby is accepted. 

Voted, "the Sum of Six thousand Pounds be raised by a Tax 
upon Polls and Estates within this Town for relief of the Poor and 
defreying other necessary Charges arising within the Town the 
ensuing Year. 

Voted, that the Assessors be and they hereby are directed not 
to abate any part of the Tax of such of the Inhabitants as do not 
give or send into them, a List or Valuation of their Rateable 
Estates, within the time said Assessors shall fix for bringing in the 
same, except of such of the Inhabitants as were not in the Prov- 
ince within the time limitted by the Notification of the Assessors* 
for doing it ; also that this Order or Vote shall not be construed to 
extend in such a manner as to abridge the power the Assessors 
have by the standing Law of the Province for relieving Poor 
Persons in their Taxes Also Voted that the above Order be 
inserted in the Publick Prints 

The Petition of sundry Inhabitants for Paving part of Purchase 
Street was taken into consideration, whereupon it was Voted, that 
the Sum of One Hundred Pounds lawful Money be Granted the 
Petitioners upon condition that they Pave said Street in the manner 
proposed, to the approbation of the Selectmen. 

The Report of the Committee relative to the filling up the Town 
Dock, was again read and is as follows 

The Committee Appointed at the Annual Town Meeting in 
[486.] March last to confer with the Abuttors upon the Town 
Dock relative to filling it up, have conferred with them, and we 
are of opinion that it will be for the Interest of the Town to fill up 
the Dock as far as a streight line to be run from the Southwesterly 
Corner of M r . Joseph Tylers Shop to the Opposite side which will 
end a few feet East of the Place, where the Towns Shops lately 
stood. We are also of Opinion the Fish Market, the Engine & 
Watch Houses had best be removed to some more convenient 
places. And as to that part of the Dock between said line and the 
Swing Bridge, we apprehend great cost will arise to the Town by 
filling up the same, and that its being left open will be of great 
service in the case of Fire. After considerable debate it was 

Voted, that the Report be accepted, and that the Selectmen be 
desired to see the same carryed into execution, and also to agree 
with some suitable Person or Persons for the digging one or more 
Wells, that in case of Fire in that part of the Town there may be 
n, constant reservoir of Water for the supply of Engines & c . 

Voted, that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed & paid unto 
M r . Peleg Wiswall for his Salary as Master of the North Gramar 
School, for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him Quarterly, 
and to Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred and Twenty Pounds be 
allowed and paid unto Mr. John Lovel for his Salary as Master of 
the South Gramer School the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly, and to Commence at the Expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One Hundred Pounds be allowed and 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1761. 59 

paid unto M r . Abiah Holbrook for his Salary as Master of the 
Writing School in the Common the ensuing Year, the same to be 
paid him Quarterly, & to Commence at the Expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

[487.] Voted, that the Sum of One Hundred Pounds be al- 
lowed and paid unto M r . John Tilestone for his Salary as Master 
of the North Writing School the ensuing Year, the same to be 
paid him Quarterly, and to commence at the expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . Samuel Holyoke for his Salary as a Master of the Writing 
School in Queen Street, the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him Quarterl}', and to Commence at the Expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . John Procter, for his Salary as a Master of the Writing 
School in Queen Street, the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly, and to commence at the Expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . James Lovel for his Salary as Usher in the South Gram- 
mar School the ensuing Year, to be paid him Quarterly and to 
Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and paid to 
M r . Ephrairn Langdon for his Salary as Usher in the North Gram- 
mar School the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him Quarterly, 
and to Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed & paid to 
M r . John Vinal for his Salary, as Usher of the Writing School in 
the Common the ensuing Year, to be paid him Quarterly, and to 
Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

[488.] Voted, that the Sum of Thirty four Pounds be al- 
lowed and paid unto M r . John Tilestone, Master of the North 
Wri- School for providing an Assistant, the Year ensuing, to 
be paid him Quarterly, and to Commence from the time said 
Assistant enter'd upon that Service. 

Voted, That the Sum of One Hundred Pounds, be allowed and 
paid unto M r . David Jeffries for his Services as Treasurer of the 
Town the Year past, and for all his Expences in that Office. 

Voted, that the Sum of Twenty Pounds be allowed and Paid to 
M r . Abijah Adams, for his Salary as Clerk of Faueuil Hall Mar- 
ket the Year past. 

Upon Consideration of that Clause in the Warrant Viz'. 
"Whether the Town will take any measures for the Repairs of 
Faneuil Hall in consequence of the Lottery granted by the Gen- 
er.il Court at their last Session for that purpose" Voted that 
the Selectmen be desired to receive proposals from Masons Car- 
penters & c . for the Repairing Faneuil Hall, and to procure Sub- 
scriptions for defreying the Expence thereof upon Credit of an 
Act of the General Assembly at their last Session for a Lottery 
for that purpose, and to Report at the Adjournment of this Meet- 
ing. 



60 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for an Overseer of the 
Poor in the room of Thomas Flucker Esq. removed out of Town 
and upon sorting them it appeared that, 

M r . Joseph Gardner was chosen . . (sworn) 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for a Warden in the 
room of Thomas Flucker Esq. removed out of Town & upon sort- 
ing them it appear'd that 

M r . John A very was chosen . . . (sworn) 

[489.] Voted, that Royal Tyler & John Scollay Esq. Mess : 
William Stor}', Benjamin Kent and Oxonbridge Thather be and 
hereby are are appointed a Committee to draft a By Law, which 
shall oblige the Inhabitants to sweep their Chimneys as often as 
is necessary ; and Report at the Adjournm'. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned till the 2 d . Wednesday 
in June next 3 o'Clock P: M: to Meet at the Town House 

The Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, 
met by Adjournment at the Town House June 10 1761 3 "'Clock 
P.M. 

Adjourned to the Rev d . Samuel Coopers Meeting House 

The Committee Appointed to Draft a By Law, which shall 
oblige the Inhabitants of the Town to sweep their Chimneys as 
often as may be necessary; Reported the following Draft viz'. 

For as much as the provision made in the By Law of this Town 
now in force for preventing the Chimneys being fired hath proved 
ineffectual to that purpose, and the Town is frequently alarmed 
and greatly endangered by such fires, to the end that this town 
may not hereafter be exposed to such Alarms & dangers. 

Jt is Ordered & Voted, that from and after the first of August 
Anno Domini 1761 every chimne} 7 in the town were fire is com- 
monly kept, which can be swept, shall be swept once at least in 
every three months on penalty of six shillings to be paid by every 
occupant of such chimney which shall not be thus swept. And 
the undertaker or undertakers for sweeping of [49O.] Chimneys 
in this Town for the time being, are hereby directed and ordered 
to go to the several houses and Warehouses and shops in this town 
wherein are and shall be chimneys so improved, and warn the 
occupants thereof of this By Law, and also to keep fair and regular 
entries in a book of all chimneys by him or them swept, and the 
time of sweeping them, and who are the occupants of the houses, 
warehouses and shops wherein such chimneys are, which books 
shall be always open to the selectmen and to the firewards of the 
town : And the said undertaker or undertakers arc hereby further 
directed to proserute all persons who shall be guilty of the breach 
of this law, and in all such prosecutions the burden of proof shall 
be understood to ly on the occupant of the chimneys, and he shall 
be deemed the Occupant of the chimney, who improved the same 
at the expiration of three months, and in all such prosecutions the 
undertaker or undertakers aforesaid, shall be obliged to produce 
the Books aforesaid before the Justice before whom the tryal may 
be, and if the undertaker or undertakers aforesaid shall wittingly 
connive at the breach of this law or shall make a false entry of the 
sweeping of such chimneys or shall not enter in the said book the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1761. 61 

chimneys by him swept and the time thereof whereby an innocent 
person shall be exposed to prosecution such undertaker or 
undertakers for every such offence shall forfeit and pay the sum 
of ten shillings : All penaltys and forfeitures arising by this law 
shall be as the law directs to the poor of the town, and whosoever 
shall prosecute to effect an} T of the broaches thereof, shall be 
entitled to receive one half as much out of the treasury of this 
town to his own use as the offender shall be adjudged to pay to 
the use of the poor. It is further Ordered, and Voted, that this 
law shall not be understood in any wise to repeal or make void the 
provisions of the By Laws of this town relating to this matter 
revised and published in the Year 1758. 

The Foregoing Order or By Law having been read [491.] 
Several times, Voted, that the same be accepted, and that the 
Town Clerk present it to the Court of General Sessions of the 
Peace next to be holden at Boston for the County of Suffolk, for 
their approbation. 

The Committee appointed to receive proposals for Repairing 
Faneuil Hall &c. reported the same, whereupon Voted, that the 
Selectmon be and hereby are desired to agree imediately with the 
several Tradesmen, for carrying on the Repairs of said Faneuil 
Hall, with all convenient dispatch. 

In consequence of a Motion made, that a Cellar might be dug 
under Faneuil Hall Voted, that this matter be left to the Gentle- 
men Selectmen they to act as they ma}- Judge proper. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
John Phillips Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting, for transacting 
and dispatching the Business thereof. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, legally qualif}'ed and Warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at the Town House on Wednesday the 10 Day 
of June Anno. 17614 'Clock P.M. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

[492.] The Town proceeded to the choice of a Moderator by 
a hand Vote, and John Phillips Esq. was unanimously chosen 
Moderator and took his seat accordingly 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Rev d . Samuel Coopers 
Meeting House 

The Town took into consideration that Clause in the Warrant 
viz 1 . Whether they will be at the Charge of increasing the num- 
ber of Watchmen, and advancing their Wages, or enter into any 
other measure, for the better security of the Town ; and after some 
debate it was Voted that Samuel Wells Esq. M r . William Story, 
Thomas Green Esq. John Ruddock Esq. and M r . William Cooper, 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to take this matter 
under their consideration, and to report their opinion at the Ad- 
journment. 

Voted that Joseph Jackson and Joshua Henshaw Esq. be 
added to the above Committee. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Wednesday next 3 



62 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

"'Clock P.M: to Meet at the Rev d . Samuel Coopers Meeting 
House and that printed notifications of said Adjournment bt 
issued. 

The Town met according to adjournment at Rev d . Samuel 
Coopers Meeting House June 17 1761 . . . 3 'Clock P.M: 

The Committee appointed the 10 Instant to consider what may 
be proper to be done relative to the Town Watch Report, That 
the wages of the watchmen be rais'd from twenty four shillings to 
thirty shillings, by the month. That four suitable men be ap- 
pointed by the selectmen for the time being to each of the watch 
houses by the old north meeting house ; at the head of the Town 
Dock ; by the Town house [493.] And at the South End. That 
two men be also appointed by the selectmen as aforesaid to watch 
in dock square, somewhere southward of the swing bridge, princi- 
pally to take care of the Warehouses, where so large a part of the 
interest of the inhabitants is lodged. That one of each of the 
four first mentioned watches, be appointed by the said selectmen, 
the head or constable of the Watch and be obliged at least once 
each week, and oftner if required to give an account to the 
Selectmen of their doings, and how they find the state of the 
town, and for that end that said head or constable keep a Journal 
of their doings and what they meet witli in each night, and that as 
an encouragement each of said head, or constables, be paid three 
pounds by the month. 

The Committee also apprehend that a considerable penalty cor- 
poral or pecuniary be annexed or inflicted as a punishment on such 
as shall wound abuse or resist the watch. 

The Committee further Report their apprehension on that the 
only method to make this provision effectual, will be, that the 
town petition for liberty to bring in a bill to the great and general 
court to ratify an.i establish it. And as it has been suggested 
that some of the watch after great abuse and disorders done and 
committed by evil minded persons against & before the said watch 
and when they the said watch have complained to the civil author- 
ity concerning the same, yet upon application to said watch and 
money given them by the offenders, the said watch have ab- 
sconded and refused to give evidence or prosecute their complaint, 
the committee would therefore submit it, whether some clause 
should not be brought into the bill prohibiting such compositions, 
under a penalty to the watch or at least to him or them imediately 
concerned, without the approbation of the selectmen first had and 
obtaind 

The above Report having been several times read, it was 
Voted, that the same be accepted: It was also further Voted 
[494.] That Samuel Wells Esq. M r . William Story, Thomas 
Green Esq. John Ruddock Esq. M r . William Cooper, Joseph 
Jackson & Joshua Henshaw Esq. be and hereby are appointed a 
Committee to prefer a petition to the great and general court at 
their present session humbly praying liberty to bring in a bill to 
direct and impower the town to provide more effectually for their 
safety in the night. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1761. 63 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualifyed and warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at the Town House on Monday the 24 th Day 
of August Anno Domini 1761. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting .... read. 

The Town proceeded to the choice of a Moderator by a Hand 
Vote, and John Phillips Esq. was unanimously chosen Moderator 
and took his seat accordingly. 

The Committee first chosen in 1757. to apply to the General 
Court relative to our heavy taxes Reported That your Com- 
mittee first appointed the 14 Daj r of March Anno Domini 1757 
and continued with diverse alterations to this day to make appli- 
cation from time to time to the General Court relating to our 
heavy taxes esteem it their duty to inform the town of their doings, 
and of the present state of their solisitations. The Committee 
aforesaid have preferr'd diverse petitions to the court relating to 
this matter; have [495.] Frequently attended committees of the 
house appointed to hear & consider them, and have back'd these 
publick petitions with the most assiduous solicitations to the Gen- 
tlemen concerned. 

They have the satisfaction to inform the town, that their 
labours have not been all fruitless, the court have granted four 
years ago a loan of 3500 not to be demanded back, if we 
should by the next valuation appear to be over taxed, and also in 
the year 1758. the house took off the sum of 950 from the tax 
of Boston. Besides this as j'our committee constantly petitioned 
that a valuation might be taken of the province, their petitions oc- 
casioned the passing sundry bills for that purpose, tho' unhappily, 
they were suspended by after resolves. 

At length in January last as is well known, an act passed for 
taking such a valuation which went into effect : And while that 
matter was under consideration of the house, your committee had 
diverse meetings, and composed and sign'd one petition to the 
hon ble . house which they left to the discretion of our representa- 
tives to offer or not as they should Judge expedient for the benefit 
of the Town. Our representatives of whoes assiduity attention 
and application to the business we can bear the most ample testi- 
mony thought it most expedient not to offer that petition. 

At last the house after many debates and votes fixed our pro- 
portion of the publick tax to be 112,, 18,, 6 in the thousand; 
this gave occasion to a new application of your committee which 
we shall now explain and relate 

The latter end of the Year 1755, the general court passed a 
resolve to this purpose, that each towns proportion of the tax for 
the Year 1756 and every other year till a valuation taken should be 
finally adjusted and settled by the next valuation. 

This resolve has been cited in almost all the petitions we pre- 
ferred, and as we constantly presumed that this towns proportion 
was greatly too high, we intimated that we expected a large sum 
[496.] Would appear due to us. When therefore the house 
had settled our proportion as last mentioned, your committee pre- 
ferred a petition to the court, humbly claiming the sum that 



64 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

appeared due to us by comparing this proportion with our taxes 
the year 1756 and every year since, copy of which we shall lay 
before the town. 

This petition is now depending being referred to the next session 
although (as your committee are informed) some doubt was made 
in the house of our power to prefer such a petition. This is the 
present state of that affair which we conceived it our duty to lay 
before the town, as it is particularly interesting to them, and at 
the same time recommend to them, that they would choose and 
impower some suitable persons to carry on this petition, and to 
release for some proper equivalent this demand of the towns, if it 
shall then be Judged most expedient for our interest. 

The above Report having been several times read it was unani- 
mously Voted, that the thanks of the town be and hereby are 
given to the said committee for their great care and assiduity in 
pursuing the interest of the town, in their several applications to 
the general court relative to our heavy taxrs. 

Voted, that Joshua Winslow Esq. be and hereby is appointed 
one of the Committee for making application to the general court 
with respect to our heavy taxes, in the room of Ebenezer Storer 
Esq. deceased. 

Voted, that John Phillips Esq. be and hereby is added to the 
above Committee. 

Voted, that the Committee aforesaid be and hereby are fully 
impower'd to make application to the general court at their next 
or any future session, relating to the petition preferred by them as 
mentioned in their report as also the demand this town has for 
[497.1 Taxes paid more than their due proportion the year 1756 
and since ; and that the said Committee be further impowerd on 
behalf of the town to accept of such satisfaction for the demand 
aforesaid, as they shall Judge equally advantages to the town. 

The Petition of a number of the inhabitants relative to filling 
up the Dock, directed to the selectmen, and by them laid before 

the town, was read, and is as follows viz'. 

To the Gentlemen the Selectmen of Boston 

It having been Judged for some years past to be very necessary 
and convenient, that the dock on the north side of Faneuil Hall 
Market should be filled up, application has been several times 
made to the town for doing the same, and in march last a com- 
mittee was appointed to confer with the abuttors concerning it, 
who accordingly so did and reported the same to the town & how 
far the abu tiers had agreed said dock should be filled up, which the 
town accepted and voted that said dock should be filled up, so far 
as was mentioned in the report, and desired the selectmen to cause 
the same to be done accordingly, and the selectmen are now doing 
it. Now Gentlemen we are informed that it was the opinion of 
said committee when they view'd said dock, and considered the 
great advantages that would arise to the town, that it would be 
best that the whole thereof should be filled up, though they could 
not at that time prevail upon the abutters to consent to the same, 
but as many of the inhabitants of the town seem to be sensible 
that it must be of great service and benefit and as they apprehend 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1762. 65 

no disadvantage to said proprietors, and may be now easily done, 
we there fore desire gentlemen, you would as soon as may be con- 
vene the inhabitants to take this matter into consideration, and 
give such orders for filling up the dock, as may be Judged proper 
and necessary, allowing said abuttors, what may be supposed to 
be an adequate consideration [498.] For any inconvenience it 
may be to them, we are, & c . 

Considerable debate being had on the above proposal and re- 
quest, the Question was put, whether the prayer of the Petition 
should be granted passed in the negative 

The Petition of Mess". Bradford and Williams relative to a Fish 
House, was read, and after some debate the Question was put, 

whether the Prayer of the Petition should be granted passed 

in the negative 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
John Phillips Esq. Moderator of this Meeting for transacting and 
dispatching the Business of it 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 

[499.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally qualified and Warned in pub- 
lick Town Meeting Assembled at the Town House on Monday the 
8 th . Day of March Anno Domini 1762. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r . Chauncey. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Sundry Laws enjoined to be read at this Meeting were accord- 
ingly read. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq. was chosen Moderator of 
this Meeting and took the oath respecting his receiving and pay- 
ing Bills of Credit of the Governments of Connecticut, New 
Hampshire and Hhode Island, as required by the Act of the Prov- 
ince ; and the Meeting Adjourn'd to the Rev d . D r . Chaunceys 
Meeting House 

William Cooper was unanimously chosen Town Clerk for the 
Year ensuing, and having taken the Oath relating to his receiving 
& paying Bills of Credit of the other Governments, took the Oath 
of Office for the faithful discharge of his duty, which were admin- 
istred him by John Phillips Esq. 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted it appeared that 
Thomas Cushing Esq. 
Samuel Hews Esq. 
John Scollay Esq. 
Benjamin Austin Esq. 
M r . Samuel Sewall 
M r . Samuel Phillips Savage 

[5OO.] Ezekiel Lewis Esq. 

weie chose Selectmen for the ensuing Year, and took the Oath re- 
quir'd by Law relating their receiving and paying Bills of Credit 
of the Neighbouring Governments 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Overseers of the 
Poor, and upon sorting them it appear'd that 



66 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

John Phillips Esq. 

M r . Isaac Walker 

John Barrot Esq. 

Royal Tyler Esq. 

Joseph Gardner Esq. 

William Phillips Esq. 

M r . Benjamin Dolbear 

M r . Isaac Smith 

Meletiah Bourn Esq. 

Samuel Dexter Esq. 

M r . Jonathan Mason 

M r . Henry Bromfield 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

The Votes were brought in for a Town Treasurer, and upon 
sorting them it appear'd that M r . David Jeffries was unanimously 
chosen, and having taken the Oath relating to his paying and re- 
ceiving Bills of Credit of the Neighbouring Governments, took the 
Oath of Office for the faithful discharge of his duty, which were 
adminstred him by John Phillips Esq. 

The Town brought in their Votes for a County Treasurer, which 
were received and sealed up by Constable Thayer, to be by him 
kept and returned to the next Court of General Sessions of the 
Peace to be held for this County. 

[5O1.] The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve 
Wardens and upon sorting them it appeared that 

Samuel Grant Esq. 

Richard Clark Esq. 

M r . John Tudor 

M r . Isaac Smith 

M r . David Jeffries 

M r . Jonathan Mason 

M r . Henry Bromfield 

M r . Samuel Austin 

M r . William Greenleaf 

M r . Samuel Adams 

M r . Powers Me riot 

M r . Henderson Inches 
were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing. 

Upon a motion made and seconded the question was put 
Whether Collectors of Taxes shall be chose sepperate from Con- 
stables . . . passed in the Affirmative 

Voted, that any Person chosen into the Office of a Constable for 
the Year ensuing, may be excused from serving, on his paying the 

Sum of Four Pounds 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Constables, and 
upon sorting them it appear'd that 

Mess. Nathaniel Thayer 

Francis Salmon 

John Rogers 

James Thomas 

John Wells 

Elisha Byles 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1762. 67 

[5O2.] William Darrington 

Stephen Symms 

Joseph Shed 

Eliphalet Parker 

Augustus Hale 

Andrew Richie (Excused.) 

were chose for the Year ensuing. 

A Motion made and seconded that a Committee be appointed to 
prepare a Petition to be laid before the General Court, at their 
next Session, relative to the pernicious practize of forestalling the 
Market, after debate had thereon it was Voted, that 

Samuel Wells Esq. 

Ezekiel Golclthwait Esq. 

James Otis Esq. 

Thomas Green Esq. 

M r . Oxenbridge Thacher 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee for that purpose. 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant, viz*. 
" That the Town will take such methods, as shall be Judged 
necessary for the Incorporation of it" the question was put; 
Whether the Town would take an}' such steps Passed in the 
Negative almost unanimously. 

Voted, that the Sum of Nine Pence on the Pound, be and here- 
by is allowed to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of Taxes 
for the Year ensuing, for all such Sums as they shall Collect, pro- 
vided they pay into the Town Treasury one half part of the whole 
Sum they are obliged to pay him, within four months from the 
time they receive the Tax Books from the Assessors, and the other 
half part in three Months after, and also pay into the Province 
and [5O3.] County Treasuries one half part of the whole Sum 
they shall be obliged to pay them respectively in Seven Months 
from the time they shall receive the Tax Books from the Assessors 
as aforesaid, and the other half part in five Months after ; and in 
case any of said Collectors shall fail paying in the manner afore- 
said the Collector so failing shall not be entitled to the aforesaid 
allowance of Nine Pence on the Pound, but wholly forfeit the 
same, provided also that each of said Collectors give Bond with 
sufficient Sureties to the satisfaction of the Selectmen, for the 
faithful discharge of their duty in said Office, and complying with 
this Vote, . '. . . . . 

Upon a Motion made and seconded that the Sense of the Town 
should be taken upon the following Question Viz 4 . Whether 
the Selectmen shall be allowed a discretionary power as to the 
payment of the Premium to the Town Collectors, for the Collecting 
of Taxes in Years past, any former Vote to the contrary notwith- 
standing Passed in the Affirmative 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Four Collectors of 

Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeared 

that, John Ruddock Esq. 

M r . Jonathan Pay son 
M r . John Grant 
M r . Samuel Adams 
were chose into that Office. 



68 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Voted, that the Selectmen shall have a discretionary power as to 
the payment of the Collectors premiums for the ensuing Year, any 

former Vote notwithstanding. 

Voted, that such of the Inhabitants as shall advance [5O3.] 
Moneys to the Town for the use of the Alms-house on or before 
the 15 th of April next, be and hereby are allowed after the rate of 
Six per Cent upon such Sums as they shall so advance, said Mon- 
eys to be paid by the Collectors to the Overseers of the Poor, to 
be by them laid out in Provisions, Grain, and other Necessarys 
for the use aforesaid : And the Collectors are hereby Ordered and 
Impowered to discount those Sums together with the allowance 
thereon out of the said Gentlemans respective Taxes for the Year 
1762. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven Assessors, and 
upon sorting them it appeared that 
Mess. William Fairfield 

John Kneeland 

Samuel Edwards 

Benjamin Church 

Joseph Bradford 

William Torrey 

Jonathan Brown 

were chose into that Office. 

It being suggested by James Otis Esq. one of the Town Repre- 
sentatives that in all probability the next Session of the General 
Court would be very short, the Town therefore Judged it prudent 
that the aforenamed Committee should defer laying the proposed 
Petition before the General Court to some future time, and there- 
fore Voted, that the said Committee be and hereby are desired to 

Report said Petition to the Town at the next May Meeting 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant (Viz'.) 
" Whether a Committee shall be appointed to audit the Accounts 
of the Managers of the Lotteries granted by the General Court for 

paving the Neck The Question was accordingly put 

[5O4.] Passed in the Negative 

That Clause in the Warrant relative to Repairing the High Way 
within the Fortification being considered It was Voted, that the 
further consideration thereof be referr'd to Ma}' Meeting, when 
the Selectmen are desired to lay before the Town such Papers as 

relate to said business 

Voted, that the choice of Collectors for Taxes be referr'd to 4 

"'Clock. P: M: 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Fire-Wards, and 
upon sorting them it appear'd that 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 

John Scollay Esq. 

Royal Tyler Esq. 

Newman Grenough Esq. 

Cap* Solomon Davis 

M r . William Cooper 

M r . Joseph Jackson 

John Rowe Esq. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1762. 69 

M r . John Mico Wendell 

M r . Henderson Inches 

Thomas Marshall Esq. 

M r . Samuel Austin 

were chose for the Year ensuing 

Voted unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to John Phillips Esq. for his faithful services as a Fire- 
ward many Years past 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3 "'Clock [5O5.] 

P: M: to meet at the Town House 

3 "Clock P: M: Met according to Adjournment 
The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Clerks of the Mar- 
ket, and upon sorting them it appeard that 
Mess. Christopher Clarke 

William Fallas 

Cornelius Thayer 

Henry Hill 

Daniel Parker 

Peter Boyer 

Edward Green 

Benjamin Henderson 

Samuel Fletcher 

John Gill 

William Fisher 

Thomas Fleet 
were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Six Fence Viewers, and 
upon sorting them it appeard that 
Mess". Caleb Ray 

Thomas Crafts 

Story Dawes 

William Moore 

Benjamin Eustis 

Ouesip. Tyleston Esq. 
were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Surveyors of 
Boards, and upon sorting them it appear'd that 
[5O6.] Mess". William Nichols 

Isaac Vergoose 

Robert Ford 

Henry Allen 

Jacob Thayer 

Clement Collins 

Andrew Symms 

John Grenough 

Caleb Ray 

John Langley 

Samuel May 

Nathaniel Wales 
were chose Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Scavengers, and 
upon sorting them it appear'd that 



70 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Mess. Samuel Sollien 
Thomas Hayes 
Benjamin Hodgden 
Jonathan Lee 
Joseph Calf 
William Lowder 
After Stoddard 
Edward Carnes 
William Sutten 
David Mason 
Edward Hollyday 
Joshua Blanchard 

were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for ten Cullers of Staves, and 
upon sorting them it appear'd that 
[5O7.] Mess. David Spear 

Samuel Barnard 
Joshua Pico 
Samuel Treat 
Peter Cotta 
John Harskins 
Joseph Dyer 
Jonathan Jenkins 
Job Wheelwright 
Benjamin Salt 
were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing. 

M r . John Gray . . . was chosen Surveyor of Hemp. 
Mess. Nathaniel Gardner 

Joseph Belknap 
were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing. 

M r . Edward Curtis 

was chosen Hayward for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Martin Gay 

David Cutler 
were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that no Tanner, 
Shoemaker or Currier shall be chose as Sealers of Leather. 
Mess. Adino Paddock 
Isaac Casneau 
Isaac Hawes 
Cornelius Thayer 
were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 

[5O8.] The Selectmen 
were chose Surveyors of the High Way for the Year ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for four Hogreeves, and upon 
sorting them it appeard that 

Mess. William Scott 

Samuel Dunkerfield 
Nathaniel Butt 
Nathaniel Bird 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing 

Joseph Jackson Esq. John Scollay Esq. and M r . Timothy Newell 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1762. 71 

were chose purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing and they are 
desired and impowered to give all needful directions to the Keeper 
of the Granary, respecting the quantitys of Grain to be sold, and 
affixing the price thereof from time to time, as occasion shall 
require. 

Voted, that the Assessors be and are hereby impowered and 
directed to set for the abatement of such Taxes as they shall Judge 
reasonable, on every Thursday till the first Thursday in April in- 
clusive, and no longer, saving that they be allow'd to set the two 
last Weeks in November, for the abatement of the Taxes of such 
Persons as had not an opportunity of applying in the above limited 
time, by reason of their being out of the Province, at which time 
they are also allowed and impower'd to abate the Taxes of such 
Persons as may have died Insolvent or become Bankrupts, between 
the said last Thursday in April, and the last Day of November. 

Voted, that the Selectmen with such Persons as they shall think 
proper to invite, be a Committee to visit the Schools 

[5O9.] Voted, that the Selectmen be and are hereby desired to 
look into the Law relating Hogs, and to prepare a now By Law, to 
be laid before the Town next May Meeting, as also any other By- 
Laws that may be thought necessary 

Voted, that the Sum of twelve Pence on the Pound, be and 
hereby is allowed the Collectors of Taxas for Collecting the new 
Tax on Streets 

Voted, that the Bells at the Old North, Old Brick and M r . Byles's 
Meeting Houses be rang at 5. Clock in the Morning. 

Voted, that the consideration of Schoolmaster's Salary s and all 
other Salarys and Grants, be referred to next May Meeting 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to act upon the list of Jurors 

Voted, that John Rowe Esq. 
M r . Thomas Gray 
William Story Esq. 
M r . Jonathan Williams 
John Leaveret Esq. 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Ac- 
counts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accounts of the 
Overseers of the Poor, and the said Committee are enjoined to 
inspect every particular Account of the Monys expended for the 
use of the Alms house ; they are also impowered when they shall 
Audit said Accounts, to allow such of the Overseers as shall 
advance Monys for the relief of the Poor, Interest on all such 
Sums, from the time so advanced, untill they shall have Audited 
said Accompts 

[51O.] The Committee appointed the 10 of March last to. 
Audit the Accounts of M*. Treasurer Jeffries, Report, that they 
have attended that service and find the same right cast and well 
vouch'd in which he charges himself with sundry Fines, Rents 
and other Incomes of the Town, as also with the Tax of 6000,, 
,, all which amount including the Balance of Old Ac- 
count to 665 2 ,, 13,, 11J 

And the said Treasurer discharges himself by sundry abate- 



72 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

ments made the Collectors ; by Drafts made by the Selectmen 
amounting to 3730,, 3,, 6| of which he has paid 2558,, 10,, 7, 
and by Drafts made by the Overseers of the Poor which con- 
tain the Charges of the Almshouse amounting to 2104,, 5,, GJ 
of which he has paid 911,, 5,, 10 amounting in all to 
8176,, 6,, 1 

The said Committee have inspected the said Drafts, in a very 
particular manner, and have examined the Vouchers produced by 
the Overseers lor the amount of their Drafts, and every other 
branch of publick Charge all amounting as above to the Sum of 
8176,, 6,, 1^ as by Account of Town Tresury in the Town 
Treasurers Books balance whereof being 1523,, 12,, 2 is carried 
to the D r . of new Account ; which Report and Account being 
read Voted, that the same be and hereby is accepted 

The Selectmen Report on the Account of M r . John Fenno 
Keeper of the Granary for the Year past, as entred in his Book 
(and on File in the Town Clerks Office) Read, and Voted, that 
the same be accepted, and that M r . Fenno be accountable to the 
Town for Two hundred and twelve bushels Corn remaining 
unsold amounting to 33,, 18,, 4| and also for the Sum of 
433,, 14,, 8 Cash now in his hands exclusive of the Sum of 
26,, 13,, 4 for his Salary and assistance as charged in his Ac- 
count which is hereby allowed him. 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant, Viz'. [511.] 
That a Committee be appointed to enquire what has been the oc- 
casion of the heavy Expences of the Town for several Years past, 

and what steps are necessary to be taken to reduce the same. 

The Question was put whether the Town would appoint such a 
Committee passed in the negative. 

Voted, that all Matters and Things which shall remain unfin- 
ished at this Meeting, be and hereby are referred over to the Gen- 
eral Town Meeting In May next, to be then considered of and 
acted upon 

Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to the Honourable Thomas Hubbard Esq. the Moderator 
of this Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[512.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders, and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally Qualified and Warned in 
publick Town Meeting Assembled at the Town House on Tuesday 
the 11 th Day of May Anno Domini 1762 

Prayer was made by the Rev d M r Pemberton 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting-Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

Thomas Gushing Esq. one of the Selectmen proposed in their 
Name to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the choice of 
one or more Persons to Represent them in the Great and General 
Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday the 26 
Day of May Currant ; and in order thereto to consider and ascer- 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1762. 73 

tain the number of Gentlemen to be Elected accordingly it was 
Voted, to proceed to the choice of Four Representatives, and then 
it was declared by the Selectmen, that no Votes will be received 
but such as are unfolded, and that they propose the Poll shall be 
closed at 12 o'Clock. 

The Votes being brought in the number of Voters were found 
to be Six hundred twenty nine, and upon sorting them it appear'd 

that the four following Gentlemen were chose Viz* 

Royal Tyler Esq. - 609 Votes 
John Phillips Esq. - 613 
James Otis Esq. - - 619 
Thomas Gushing - - 460 
The choice of Representatives being over and declared [513.] 
By the Selectmen, the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and 
bring in their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting in order that 
the Town may proceed in transacting the other affairs mentioned 
in the Warrant ; accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew and brought 
in their Votes, and upon sorting them it appear'd that the Hon- 
ourable Thomas Ilubbard Esq. was chosen. 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants for Paving Long Lane 
was read, whereupon it was Voted, that the Sum of One hundred 
Pounds lawful Money be and hereby is granted the Petitioners 
upon condition that they Pave said Street in the manner proposed, 

to the approbation of the Selectmen. 

The Petition of a number of the Masters of the Town Schools, 
setting forth, that they meet with great difflcultys in obtaining 
payment of the several Salaries which the Town has been pleased 

to assign them that notwithstanding a Vote formerly passed for 

their payment Quarterly, they having been to their great distress 
kept out of their pay from Year to Year, and for what they do 
receive at any time they are obliged to the friendship of particu- 
lar Gentlemen, who by the kind permission of the Collectors, are 
willing to pay their Taxes into their hands, that your Petitioners 
have some of them nine some twelve and some eighteen Months 
Salary due to them that they are informed that the greatest part 
of the Taxes belonging to the Town is already paid in or engaged 
to others, so that they have no prospect of any further payment 
till the new Taxes are issued, which tis probable will not be done 
till some time in the next Winter that this delay of payment 
obliges them to purchase the nccessarys of life at a disadvantage 
[514.] Upon long Credit, or to become troublesome to their 
friends by borrowing Money for their Supplys, not to mention the 
continual sollicitude and anxiety which such dependant circum- 
stances necessai'ily create. The same being read, and duly con- 
sidered, it appear'd to the Town that the most likely method to 
answer the end proposed by the Petitioners must be the raising or 
borrowing a sum of Money sufficient to defrey the common and 
extraordinary charges of the Year ; it was therefore 

Voted, that the sura of Eight Thousand Pounds be raised by a 
Tax upon Polls and Estates within this Town for relief of the 
Poor, and defreying other necessary Charges, arising within the 
Town the ensuing Year 



74 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

A Motion made and seconded, that the Sense of the Town should 
be taken upon the following Question Viz 1 . Whether the 
Town has a right to determine at this Meeting, upon any new 
method for the more speedy Collecting of the Moneys voted to be 
raised for defreying the necessary Expences, and Charges arising 
within the Town the ensuing Year the Question being accord- 
ingly put passed in y e Affermative 

A Motion being made and seconded, the Question was put 

Whether the Town Tax should be made out by the Assessors 
sepperate from the Province Tax Passed in y e Negative 

Voted, tint the Assessors be directed, that as soon as possible 
after they receive the Warrant for the County & Province Tax, 
they make out the Assesment, for raising the same together with 
the Town Tax. 

[515.] Voted, that M r . David Jeffries Treasurer of the Town 
be and he hereby is directed and fully Impower'd to borrow upon 
Interest of any Person or Persons, a Sum not exceeding Fifteen 
hundred Pounds lawful Mony, for the payment of the School- 
Masters Salarys now due ; the Wages of the Watch, as also what 
may be owing to the Master of the Alms house ; the Money so 

borrowed to be repaid in twelve Months out of the 8000. 

now Voted to be raised by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within 
this Town, and give his Bonds or Notes as Security for the pay- 
ment of the same with the Interest thereof, which Obligations the 
Town do hereby promise and engage to discharge as the same shall 
become due 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be, and he hereby is directed 
and Im powered to allow the several School-masters Interest on the 
Sums due to them from the date of their Warrants to the time of 
payment. 

Voted, that M r . David Jeffries Treasurer of y e . Town be and he 
hereby is directed and Impowered to borrow upon Interest a Sum 
not exceeding Nine hundred Pounds, upon the terms and condi- 
tions exprest in the aforegoing Vote for borrowing of 1500 

which Sum of Nine hundred Pounds is to be paid unto the Overseers 
of the Poor for the present supply and Relief of the Alms House 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for an Overseer of the 
Poor, in the room of M r . Isaac Walker lately deceased, and upon 
sorting them it appcard that 

M r . William Whitwell 
was chosen into that Office for the Year ensuing. 

[516.] The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Two As- 
sessors in the room of M r . Samuel Edwards deceased, and M r . 
Joseph Bradford who has resign'd, and upon sorting them it ap- 
peard that, 

Belcher Noyes Esq. 
M r . Samuel Downe 
were chose into that Office for the Year ensuing 

The Town made choice of M r . Samuel M.Clure for a Constable 
in the room of M r . Andrew Richie who was excused from serving 
for reasons by him offered. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allow'd and paid 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1762. 75 

unto M r . John Lovel for his Salary as Master of the South Gram- 
mar School for tho ensuing Year, the same to be paid him Quarterly 
as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the 
last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allow'd and paid unto 
M r . Peleg Wiswall for his Salary as Master of the North Grammar 
School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him Quarterly as 
it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allow'd and paid unto 
M r . Samuel Ilolyoke for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in Queen Street for the ensuing Year the same to bo paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due and to commence at the ex- 
piration of the last Quarter 

[517.] Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed 
and paid unto M r . John Procter for his Salary as a Master of the 
Writing School in Queen Street, the ensuing Year, the same to be 
paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allow'd and paid 
unto M r . Abia Holbrook for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in the Common, for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the ex- 
piration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds, be allow'd and 
paid unto M r . John Tileston for his Salary as Master of tho North 
Writing School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
Quarterly, as it shall become due, and to commence at the expi- 
ration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allow'd and paid unto 
M r . James Lovel for his Salary as Usher of the South Grammar 
School for the Year ensuing, the same to be paid him Quarterly, 
as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the 
last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . Ephraim Langdon, for his Salary as Usher of the North 
Writing School the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him Quar- 
terly, as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration 
of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed [518.] And 
paid unto M r . John Vinal for his Salary as Usher of the Writing 
School in the Common the Year ensuing, the same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall become due and to commence at the expira- 
tion of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Thirty four Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . John Tileston Master of the North Writing School, for 
providing an Assistant the Year ensuing the same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall become due and to commence at the expiration 
of last Quarter. 

The Petition of M r . John Vinal, Usher of the South Writing 
School, praying that a further allowance may be made him, was 
taken into consideration, whereupon Voted, that the Sum o/ 



76 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Thirty Pounds lawful Mony be allowed and paid out of the Town 
Treasury unto M r . John Vinal as a full consideration and recom- 
pcnce for his extraordinary services in times past 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allow'd and 
paid out of the Town Treasury unto M r . David Jeff ries for his ser- 
vices as Treasurer of the Town the Year past, and for all his Ex- 
pences in that Office. 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant - - Viz'. 
" Whether the Town will take any Measures for Rebuilding the 
Fortification Gates " 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to Enlarge Repair, or Re- 
build said Gates as ma} 7 appear to them most convenient and ad- 
vantageous for the Town 

The Committee appointed the 8 th of March last [519.] To 
draft a Petition to the General Court, relative to the pernicious 
practise of Forestalling the Market, and to lay the same before 
the Town at this Meeting, being prevented doing it by reason of 

the sickness of their Chairman It was Voted that the said 

Committee Viz'. 

Samuel Wells Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
Jamis Otis Esq. 
Thomas Green Esq. 
Oxenbriclge Thacher Esq. 

be and hereby are desired and impower'd to prepare such a Peti- 
tion, and present the same to the General Court at their next Ses- 
sion. 

The Selectmen appointed a Committee the 8 th of March last, to 
prepare a By-Law relative to Hogs ; Reported the following Draft. 
Viz 4 . 

It is Voted and Ordered 

That no Hog or Swine shall be suffered to go at large within the 
Bounds of the Town of Boston, saving in and upon the Land or 
inclosed Ground of or in possession of the Owner or keeper of 
such Swine (except also such Swine that are driving to Market) 
on pain that such Owner or Keeper of such Hog or Swine shall 
forfeit and pay the Sum of ten Shillings for every Hog or Swine 
that shall be found going at large contrary to this Order, or the 
full value thereof if not exceeding ten Shillings ; one half to him 
or them that shall seize and secure the same, the other half to the 
Poor of this Town. Further it is hereby provided, that if it 
appear that the Owner or Keeper of such Hog or Swine be actually 
in pursuit of it or them, at and before the Seizure, then such 
Owner or Keeper shall have his Hog or Swine released to him by 
such Persons who by virtue of this Order had secured and seized 
the [52O.] Same, he paying to such Seizer, Two Shillings, for 
every Hog so seized by him ; and it shall and may be lawful for 
such Person or Persons that are chosen to the Office of Hogrewes 
for the time being, or in their absence for any of the Inhabitants 
of this Town, to seize secure or Impound any Hog or Swine going 
at large contrary to this Order, and upon his or their so doing 
shall make application to one of his Majesties Justices of the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 17G2. 77 

Peace within this Town to Order an Appraisement Award and give 
Judgment according to the true intent and meaning of this Order 



Voted, that the aforegoing By-Law and Order of the Town be 
presented to the Court of General Sessions of the Peace to be held 
at Boston within and for the County of Suffolk, for their Allow- 
ance and Approbation 

The Selectmen presented the following Draft of a By Law rela- 
tive to Wood brought to Market in Carts, and Sleds - - Viz*. 

Whereas the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston are greatly 
imposed upon with respect to the Admeasurement of Wood and 
Bark brought to Market in Carts and Sleds, and there by great 
fraud and deceit is too often practised, for preventing the 
same 

It is therefore Voted and Ordered 

That from and after the tenth Day of September next ensuing, 
all Wood and Bark as they come in to Town shall be measured, 
and a Certificate of the Measure thereof shall be given to the 
Owner or Driver of the Cart or Sled 

It is further Ordered That a suitable Person or Persons be 
from time to time appointed by the Selectmen as they shall think 
fit to Measure all such Wood and Bark brought in [521.] Carts 
or Sleds, and the said Person or Persons shall be under Oath to 
do Justice between Buyer and Seller, and shall attend from Sun- 
rising to Sunsetting, and shall make an entry of all the Wood and 
Bark they measure 

And it is further Ordered, that there be allowed to the said 
Persons for every load of Wood or Bark so measured Two 
Pence, to be paid by the Person who buys the same, or in case of 
his absence at the time of measuring then to be paid by the Owner 
or Driver of the Cart or Sled, who shall be reimbursed by the 
Buyer 

It is further Ordered, That after the tuth Day of September 
next, if any Person or Inhabitant of the Town of Boston afore- 
said, that buy any Wood or Bark thus brought to Market, without 
the same be first measured as above, he she or they shall forfeit 
and pay the Sum of three Shillings for every load so bought, 



Voted, that the aforegoing By Law and Order of the Town be 
presented to the Court of General Sessions of the Peace, to be held 
at Boston within and for the County of Suffolk, for their allow- 
ance and approbation 

The Report of the Selectmen on the Visitation of the Publick 
Schools, Read, and is as follows, Viz'. 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Boston in Town 
Meeting Assembled May ll t!l . 1762. 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Annual Meet- 
ing the 10 th of March 17G1, desiring tho Selectmen to visit the 
several Publick Schools in the Town, and to invite such Gentlemen 
to accompany them therein [52.] As they should think proper, 
and to Report thereon 

We the Subscribers accordingly attended that service on Wednes- 



78 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

day the first Day of July last, accompanied by the following 

Gentlemen Viz*. 

His Excell. " the Governor 
The Hon ble . Samuel Wells Esq. 
The Hon ble . Andrew Oliver Esq. 
The Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq. 
The IIon ble . Thomas Hancock Esq. 
The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. 
The Representatives of the Town 

The Overseers of the Poor 

Joshua Winslow Esq. 
Joshua Henshaw Esq. 
Joseph Jaokson Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
Samuel Wentworth Esq. 
Richard Dana Esq. 
Belcher Noyes Esq. 
John A very Esq. 
William Tyler Esq. 
Eev d . M r . Hooper 
M r . David Jeffries 
M r . William Winter 
D r . John Sprague 
M r . Oxenbridge Thacher 
M r . John Box 
M r . James Perkins 
Cap*. Benjamin Hammatt 
M r . Alexander Hill 
Rev d . Alexander Cummings 
Rev d . Samuel Checkley Esq. 
[523.] Rev d . Samuel Cooper 

Rev d . Andrew Elliot 
Rev d . Ebenezer Pemberton 
D r . Charles Chancey 
D r . Joseph Sewall 

And found the South Grammar School had 117 Scholars, the 
North Grammar School 57 Scholars, the South Writing School 
234 Scholars, the North Writing School 157 Scholars, the Writing 

School in Queen Street 249 Scholars all in very good order 

THOMAS GUSHING 
SAMUEL HEWS 
JOHN SCOLLAY 



BENJAMIN AUSTIN 



Selectmen of Boston. 



SAMUEL SEWALL 
SAM : PHILL : SAVAGE 
EZEKIEL LEWIS 

Voted, that this Report be accepted, and that the Gentlemen 
the Selectmen be desired to visit the Publick Schools the Year 
ensuing, and that they desire such Gentlemen to accompany 
them as they shall think convenient, and that they Report 

thereon. 

The Selectmen having agreable to order, laid before the Town 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1763. 79 

the several Papers relative to the High "Way within the Fortification, 
and the same being considered it was thereon 

Voted, that the Repairing or Paving said Way be referred to 
the Gentlemen Selectmen, who are hereby desir'd and impowered 
to act therein as they shall Judge proper. 

[524.] Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are 
given to the Honourable Thomas Hubbard Esq. the Moderator 
of this Meeting for transacting and dispatching the Business 
thereof. 



Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in Publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 14 th . Day of 
March Anno Domini 1763 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Mather 



The Warrant for calling the Meeting ----- read 



Sundry Laws enjoin'd to be read at this Meeting, were accord- 
ingly read. 

James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this Meeting, and 
took the Oath respecting his pa}'ing and receiving Bills of Credit 
of the Governments of Connecticut New Hampshire & Rhode 

Island, as required by the Act of the Province 

William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing, 
and having taken the Oath relating to his receiving [525.] 
And paying Bills of Credit of the other Governments, took the 
Oath of Office for the faithful discharge of his duty, which Oaths 
were administred to him by Foster Hutchinson Esq. 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted it appeard, that 

Thomas Gushing 

Samuel Hews 

John Scollay 

Benjamin Austin 

Samuel Sewall 

Ezekiel Lewis 

Nathaniel Thwing, Esq. 
were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, it was Unanimously Voteu, 
that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to M r . 
Samuel Philips Savage for his faithful services as Selectman 
sometime past 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Overseers of the 
Poor, and upon sorting them it appeard that 

John Phillips Esq. --------- excused 

John Barratt Esq. 

Royal Tyler Esq. 

Joseph Gardner Esq. 

William Phillips Esq. excused 

M r . Benjamin Dolbear 



80 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Isaac Smith Esq. 
Melatiah Bourn Esq. 
M r . Jonathan Mason 
M r . Henry Bromfield 
M r . William Whitwell 
[526.] M r . Henderson Inches 

were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing: John 
Phillips & William Phillips Esq : desired to be excused, the 
other Gentlemen accepted and took the Oaths required by 

Law 

Voted, Unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and 
hereby are given to John Phillips, and William Phillips Esq. for 
their faithful services as Overseers of the Poor for some Years 

past 

The Town brought in their Votes for two Overseers in the room 
of the above named Gentlemen who had declined serving and upon 
sorting them it appeard that 

Cap*. Benjamin Ilammatt 
M r . Ebenezer Storer 

were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing 

The Votes were brought in for a Town Treasurer and upon sort- 
ing them it appear'd, that M r . David Jeffries was unanimously 
chosen and having taken the Oath relating to his paying and re- 
ceiving Bills of Credit of the other Governments, took the Oath 
of Office for the faithfull discharge of his duty, which Oaths were 
administered him by Foster Hutchinson Esq 

Upon a Motion made and seconded the Question was put, 
whether Collectors of Taxes shall be chose seperate from Con- 
stables passed in the Affirmative 

A Motion made and seconded that the Town should choose but 

Six of the old Constables for the present Year passed in y e . 

affirmative 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Wardens, and upon 
sorting them it appeard, that 

[537.] Nathaniel Thwing Esq. 

M r . Thomas Gray 
Samuel Sewall Esq. 
M r . Joseph Edwards 
M r . Ebenezer Storer 
Cap*. Benjamin Hammatt 
M r . Thomas Grenough 
M r . John Mico Wendell 
M r . Robert Peirpoint 
M r . Daniel Waldo 
M r . John Pigeon 
M r . Samuel Demrning 

were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that any Person chosen into the Office of a Constable for 
the Year ensuing may be excused from serving, on his paying the 

Sum of twenty Shillings 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Constables, and 
upon sorting them it appeard that 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1763. 81 

Mess. Nathaniel Thayer ------. Sworn 

Augustus Hale -------- d. 

ElishaByles d. 

James Thomas -------- d. 

Francis Salmon -------- d. 

Abijah Savage -------- paid his fine 

William Tyler Kilbey d. 

Andrew Boardman ------- d. 

John Kinney --------- Sworn 

John Wells d. 

William Darrington ------- d. 

Samuel M e . Glare ------- declined 

[528.] John Cogswell 
John Rogers 
Isaac Bird 

were chose Constables for the Year ensuing. 
Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3 clock P.M. 

3 O'Clock P: M. Met according to Adjournment 

Voted, that the Sum of Nine Pence on the Pound be and hereby 
is allowed to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of Taxes 
for the Year ensuing, for all such Sums as they shall Collect, pro- 
vided they pay into the Town Treasury one half part of the whole 
Sum they are obliged to pay him, within four Months from the 
time they receive the Tax Books from the Assessors, and the other 
half part in three Months after, and also pay into the Province and 
County Treasuries one half part of the whole Sum they shall be 
obliged to pay them respectfully in Seven Months from the Time 
they shall receive the Tux Books from the Assessors as aforesaid, 
and the other half part in five Months after ; and in case either of 
said Collectors shall fail paying in the manner aforesaid, the Col- 
lector so failing shall not be entitled to the aforesaid allowance of 
Nine Pence on the Pound but wholly forfeit the same ; provided 
also that such of said Collectors give Bond with sufficient Sureties 
to the satisfaction of the Selectmen, for the faithful discharge of 
their duty in said Office, and complying with this Vote. 

Voted, That the Selectmen shall have a discretionar\ r power as 
to the Payment of the Collectors Premiums for the Year ensuing, 

any former Vote notwithstanding 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes, for Four Collectors of 
Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeard that 
[529.] John Ruddock Esq. 

Jonathan Payson Esq. 
M r . John Grant 
M r . Samuel Adams 
were chose into that Office. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven Assessors, ana 

upon sorting them it appeared that 

Mess. William Fairfield 
John Kneeland 
Benjamin Church 
Joseph Bradford 
Jonathan Brown 



82 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Samuel Downe 
Belcher Noyes Esq 

were chose into that Office. 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Clerks of the Mar- 
ket, and upon sorting them it appeard, that 
William Holmes Esq 
M r . JohnForsyth 
Benjamin Edes 
M r . Joseph Belknap 
M r . Josiah Waters 
M r . John Welch 
M r . Samuel Barrett 

M r . Daniel Boyer - - - (declin'd serving) 
M r . William Board man 
M r . Thomas Walley 
M r . Samuel Whitwell 

M r . John Cunningham - - (declin'd serving) 
were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 

[53O.J M r . John Gray, was chosen a Surveyor of Hemp. 
Mess. Stephen Wales 
Story Daws 
William Crafts 
Benjamin Andrews 
Thomas Bayley 
Benjamin Curtis 

were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. William Nichols 
Clement Collins 
Isaac Vergoose 
John Skillins 
John Grenough 
Andrew Symms 
Nathaniel Wales 
Jacob Thayer 
Richard Walker 
Henry Allyne 
William Payne 
James Clarke 
John Langley 

were chose Surveyors of Boards and Shingles for the Year en- 
suing. 

Upon a Motion made and Seconded, Voted that the Fence View- 
ers be obliged to take the Oaths for a faithful discharge of their 
duty. 

Mess. Cornelius Thayer 
Joseph Clarke 
Adino Paddock 
Isaac Hews 

were chose Sealers of Leather flor the Year ensuing. 
[531.] Mess rs . Nathaniel Gardner 

Samuel Whitwell 
were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1763. 83 

Mess. Peter Cotta 

Manasseh Masters 

Joseph Dyer 

John Harskins 

David Spear 

Nathan Spear 

Jonathan Jenkins 

Samuel Treat 

Robert Breck Jun r . 

Job Wheelwright 

Joshua Pico 

Benjamin Salt 

Paul Baxter 

John Owen 

Thomas Knox 

Samuel White 

were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. David Simms 

John Bacon 

were chosen Hogrewes for the Year ensuing. 

M r . Edward Curtis 

was chosen Hay ward for the Year ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Firewards, and 
upon sorting them it appeard that 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 
[532.] John Scollay Esq. 

Royal Tyler Esq. 

Newman Grenough Esq. 

Cap'. Solomon Davis 

M r . William Cooper 

M r . Samuel Austin 

M r . Joseph Jackson 

John Rowe Esq. 

M r . John Mico Wendell 

M r . Henderson Inches 

Thomas Marshall Esq. 

were chosen Fire-Wards for the Year ensuing. 

Voted, That Application be made to the General Court by our 
Representatives, lor liberty to choose four Fire-Wards, in addi- 
tion to the number allowed by Law 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Scavingers and 
upon sorting them it appeard that 
Mess". John Brown 

Thomas Hitchburne 

Nathaniel Cobbit 

Thomas Hase 

Benjamin Hodgden 

Gershom Tiuney 

Paul Farmer 

Jeremiah Belknap 

Edward C'arnes 

Joseph Mann 



84 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Samuel Emms 
Joseph Elliot 

were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing 

[533,] Voted, that John Rowe Esq. 
Joseph Scott Esq. 
M r . Thomas Gray 
M r . Jonathan Williams 
John Leverett Esq. 

be and they hereby are Appointed a Committee to Audit the 
Accounts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accounts of the 
Overseers of the Poor, and the said Committee are enjoined to 
inspect every particular Account of the Moneys expended for the 
use of the Almshouse ; they are also impowered when they shall 
Audit said Accounts to allow such of the Overseers as shall 
Advance Moneys for the relief of the Poor, Interest on all such 
Sums from the Time so Advanced till they shall have Audited 
said Accompts. 

The Selectmen 

were chose Surveyors of the High Ways for the Year ensuing. 
Thomas Green Esq. 
Joseph Jackson Esq. 
John Scollay Esq. 

were chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, and they 
are desired and impowered to give all needful directions to the 
Keeper of the Grainary respecting the quantities of Grain to be 
sold and affixing the price thereof from time to time, as occasion 
shall require. 

Mess. Martin Gay 

David Cutler 
were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing. 

The Petition of a number of the Inhabitants praying that the 
Town would defrey the Charge of winding up and taking care of 
the Clock on the Rev d . M r . Byles's Meeting House, was read, and 
after [534.] Debate had thereon, the Question was put, "Whether 

the Prayer of the Petition should be granted Passed in the 

Affermative. 

Voted, That the Assessors be and are hereby impowered and 
directed to set for the abatement of such Taxes ns they shall Judge 
reasonable on every Thursday till the first Thursday in April in- 
clusive, and no longer, saving that they be allowed to set the two 
last Weeks in November for the abatement of the Taxes of such 
Persons as had not an opportunity of applying in the above limit- 
ted time, by reason of their being out of the Province, at which 
time they are also allowed and impower'd to abate the Taxes of 
such Persons as may have died Insolvent or become Bankrupts 
between the said last Thursday in April and the last Day of No- 
vember. 

Voted, That the consideration of Schoolmasters Salarys, and 
all other Salads and Grants, be referred to next May Meeting. 

A Motion made and seconded, that a Committee be Appointed 
to examine the state of the Town Treasury, and enquire into the 
Expences of the Town and whether any savings can be made, as 
also to consider what Sum of Money it may be necessary to raise 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1763. 85 

in order to defrey the Charges of the Town the ensuing Year, and 
that they Report at the May Meeting, whereupon 
Voted, That James Beautineau 

John Rowe 

Thomas Green 

Foster Hutchinson 

Thomas Flucker 

William Story Esqrs 

M r . John Spooner 

Oxenbridge Thacher 

Nathaniel Bethune 

Thomas Hancock Esqrs. 
[535.] John Avery Esq. 

Joseph Green Esq. 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee for that purpose 

Voted, That such of the Inhabitants as shall advance Moneys 
for the use of the Almshouse on or before the 15 of April next, 
be and hereby are allowed after the rate of 6 P C l . upon such Sums 
as they shall so advance, said Moneys to be paid by the Collectors 
to the Overseers of the Poor, to be by them laid out in Provisions 
Grain, and other Necessarys for the use aforesaid ; and the Col- 
lectors are hereby Ordered and impowered to discount those Sums 
together with the allowance thereon out of the said Gentlernens 
respective Taxes for the Year 1763. 

Upon u Motion made and seconded Voted, That M r . David Jeffries 
Treasurer of the Town of Boston be and hereby is directed and fully 
impower'd to borrow upon Interest of any Person or Persons a 
Sum of Money not exceeding Nine hundred Pounds, to be paid to 
the Overseers of the Poor for the present Supply and relief of the 
Almshouse, the Money so borrowed to be repaid in twelve Months 

out of the 8000 Voted last May to be raised by a Tax upon 

Polls and Estates withiii this Town, said Treasurer to give his 
Bonds or Notes as security for the payment of the same with 
lawful Interest which Obligations the Town do hereby promise and 
engage to discharge as the same shall become due. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, That James Beau- 
tineau Esq. and others a Committee to enquire into the Expences 
of the Town & c . be and hereby are desired to assist the Town 
Treasurer in borrowing the above Sum of Nine hundred 

Pounds 

Voted, That this Meeting be Adjourned to 9 o'Clock y e . next 
Morning. 

Tuesday 9 o'Clock A. M : Met according to Adjournment. 

[536.] Voted, That the Selectmen be and hereby are Ap- 
pointed a Committee to act upon the List of Jurors 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, the Question was put 
" Whether the Vole of Yesterday relative to new Constables shall 
be reconsidered passed in the Negative. 

The Selectmen Reported- on the Account of M r . John Fenno 
Keeper of the Granary for the Year past which Account as entered 
in his Books (and on File in the Town Clarks Office) was read, 



86 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

whereupon it was Voted that the same be accepted, and that M r . 
Fenno be accountable to the Town for 135 Bushels of Corn, and 
65 Bushels of Rye remaining unsold amounting to 44,, 6,, 8, and 
also for the sum of 366,, 17,, 10. Cash now in his hands, 
exclusive of the sum of Tweny six Pounds thirteen Shillings and 
four Pence for his Salary & assistance as charged in his Account, 
which is hereby allowed him. 

The Committee Appointed the 8 th . of March last to Audit the 
Accounts ofM r . Treasurer Jeffries, Report, that they have Attended 
that service and find the same right cast and well vouched, in 
which he charges himself with sundry Fines Rents and other 
Incomes of the Town as also with the Tax 8000,, all of which 
amount to 9138,, 6 And the said Treasurer discharges him- 
self by sundry Abatements made the Collectors, by Drafts made 
by the Selectmen amounting to 3252,, 7,, 4. of whicli he has 
paid 2045,, 12,, 6, and by Drafts made by the Overseers of the 
Poor which contain the Charges of the Almshouse amonting to 
1881,, 0,, of which he has paid 795,, 0,, 10J the whole 
amounting to 7841,, 12,, 8j| including the Balance of Old 
Acco ttB . 

The said Committee have inspected said Drafts in a very par- 
ticular manner, and have examined the Vouchers produced by the 
Overseers for the amount of their Drafts, and every other branch 
of Publick Charge, all amounting as above to the Sum of 7841, 
,, 12 ,, 8 d as by Account of Town Treasury in the Town Treas- 
urers Books [537.] Balance whereof being 1296 ,, 13 3 
is carried to the Credit of New Account. Which Report and 
Account being read 



Voted, That the same be, and hereb}- is accepted. 



Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant. (Viz 1 .) "That 
the Town would determine upon some effectual method to prevent 

the pernicious practise of forestalling the Market. 

Voted, that James Otis Esq. 

William Story Esq. 
John Tuder Esq. 
Royal Tyler Esq. 
Oxenb. Thacher Esq. 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to prepare a By Law 
for the remedie of the evil complained of ; and that they Report 

the next May Meeting. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, That the Represen- 
tatives of the Town be desired to use their influence at the next 
Session of the General Court, that such a Law may be Enacted 
as shall prevent the pernicious practise of forestalling the Market. 
Voted, That Mess. Hugh Floyd, Jonathan Hall and others, not 
Inhabitants of this Town, but Petitioners, be permitted to come 
into this Meeting and speak to their proposal relative to making 
Bricks & Tyle on Boston Neck 

The Proposals of Mess Hugh Floyd Jonathan Hall and others 
to make Brick and Tyle on the Land on the Neck leased to John 
Hill and Sam 1 Whentworth Esq. were taken into consideration, 
and after debate had thereon, Voted, that 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1763. 87 

Thomas Daws Esq. 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 

M r . William Fairfleld 
[538.] William Phillips Esq. 

John Avery Esq. 

John Tuder Esq. 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to consider whether it 
will be for the benefit and advantage of the Town to permit the 
making of Brick and Tyle on Boston Neck, and also to hear and 
receive proposals from any Persons relative thereto, and that they 
Report next May Meeting. 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant. (Viz*) " To 
determine what is proper to be clone relative to the Incroachments 

on Circular Line. 

Voted, that Royal Tyler Esq. 

Samuel Grant Esq. 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

Oxenbridge Thacher Esq. 

M r . Henderson Inches 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to examine into those 
Incroachments, and Report next May Meeting. 

The Proposals of the Overseers of the Poor respecting a Drain 
to carry off the Waste Water from the Almshouse and Work 
House being considered. 

Voted, That the Gentlemen the Overseers of the Poor, be and 
hereby are appointed a Committee to take this matter into con- 
sideration, and apply such relief as they shall think proper, at the 

Towns Expence. 

The Town took into consideration that Article in the Warrant 
*' Viz'." Whether they will take on their risque such "Tickets in 
" Faneuil Hall Lottery, as may remain unsold on the Day that 

" shall be Assigned by the Managers for drawing the same." 

After considerable Debate [539.] The Question was put 
Whether the Town will take to their Account and at their risque 
all such Tickets in Faneuil Hall Lottery N. 1 . as shall remain 
unsold on the Day that ma}' be Assigned by the Managers for 

drawing the same Passed in the Affirmative. 

Voted, That this Meeting be Adjourned to 3 o'Clock P: M : 



3 O'Clock P: M : Met according to Adjournment. 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant. (Viz*.) 
" Whether the Town will make any allowance to M r . Solomon 
" Kneeland for his Land in Water Street, the greater part of which 
" was taken from him in order to widen said Street 

Voted, that AVilliam Story 

William Tayler 
William Phillips Esqrs 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to take this matter into 
consideration, and Report next May Meeting 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant (Viz*.) 



88 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

"Whether the Town will Rebuild the Kitchen of the House M*. 
John Lovel lives in, and enlarge the Cellar under it 
Voted, that Samuel Wells Esq. 

John Tuder Esq. 
M r . Jonathan Williams 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to consider what is 
proper to be done and Report at May Meeting 
Nathaniel Thwing Esq. 
John Tuder Esq. 
were chose Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing. 

Mess. Edward Cowell 
[54O.] Edward Potter 

Peter Ellis 
Robert Treat 

were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing in addition to 
the sixteen chose, see Page 

Voted, that all Matters and Things that remain unfinish'd at this 
Meeting, be and hereby are referred over to the General Town 
Meeting in May next to be then considered of and acted upon 

Voted, Unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and 
hereby are given to James Otis Esq the Moderator of this Meeting 

for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in Publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil IJall on Tuesday the 10 th . Day of 
May AD: 1763. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Byles 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting - - read 

Sundry Laws ----- read 

[541.] Thomas Gushing Esq. one of the Selectmen proposed 
in their Name to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the 
choice of one or more Persons to Represent them in the Great and 
General Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday 
the 25 th . Day of May Current, and in order thereto to consider and 
ascertain the number of Gentlemen to be Ejected, accordingly it 
was Voted to proceed to the choice of Four Representatives and 
then it was declared by the Selectmen that no Votes will be received 
but such as are unfolded, and that they propose the Polltshould be 
closed at twelve o'Clock 

The Votes being brought in, the number of Voters were found 
to be 1089, and upon sorting them it appeared, that the four fol- 
lowing Gentlemen were chose - - viz'. 

Royal Tyler Esq. 809 Votes 

James Otis Esq. 989 

Thomas Cushing Esq. 899 

Oxenbridge Thacher Esq. - - - 716 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3 o'Clock P.M. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1763. 89 

3 o'Clock P : M : The Town met according to Adjournment 
The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting in order that the Town may 
proceed in transacting the other Affairs mentioned in the Warrant ; 
accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew, and brought in their Votes, 
and upon sorting them it appear'd that James Otis Esq. was 

chosen. 

The Petition of the Proprietors of the Long Wharf in the Town 
of Boston, setting forth, that Cap'. Oliver Noyes and others on 
the 19 th . [542.] Of December 1709 made proposals to said 
Town for building a Wharfe from the lower end of King street 
down to low Water Mark & c . whereupon the Town then appointed 
their Selectmen a Committee to consider and Report their Opinion 
thereon, who took said Proposals under consideration, and at the 
Annual Meeting of said Town on the 13 th . of March 1709/10 Re- 
ported in favor thereof, and that the granting their request would 
be of publick and general good to said Town, which Report was 
then accepted by the Town, and a Grant made accordingly, and 
the Selectmen were then Appointed a Comm ee . on behalf of said 
Town to execute a proper Instrument in writing for the confirma- 
tion of the Grant aforesaid who executed said trust as by tlieir 
Deed recorded in the Records of Deeds for the County of Suffolk 
May 17, 1710 Liber 25. Folio 48 more fully will appear, in which 
Deed there is this particular reservation in favor of your Peti- 
tioners that no Wharfe beyond the Circular Line shall be permitted 
or suffered to Join, or be forever built nearer than sixty feet of the 
Waste or Flatts in said Deed granted to said Proprietors. The 
Petitioners humbly pra} 7 leave to extend the Pier of said Wharfe 
twenty feet on the North side of said Wharfe, and that a Grant 
might be made them of the same, accordingly they have at a 
Meeting of said Proprietors on Wednesday the 4 th . of May Instant 
Voted that if leave be given by the Town to extend the North side 
of the Pier twenty feet, they would Erect an additional Building to 
each Store of Seven feet Stud agreable to L*w, which if the same 
should be effected would be of undoubted service to the Town, in 
some measure in proportion as the Long Wharf has been^ Had 
not the Petition afore-said of 1709 been granted, but the Flatts then 
had continued Flatts now, it is certain no advantage from them 
would have accrued to the Town in general or to any of its Mem- 
bers, but the advantage to both in consequence of said Grant are 
too obvious even to be mentioned : And with respect to the Flatts 
now petitioned for its manifest they are of no benefit at present 
nor ever will be to the Town or any one Individual without this 
Petition be granted [543.] Because the Town nor any one hath 
any right to build upon them, but if the Prayer of this Petition be 
granted, then the additional Buildings thereon and the profits 
arising therefrom will in an ordinary way be of advantage to the 
Owners, and if of advantage to the Members of a Body, of conse- 
quence it must be to the Body itself, the Body always sharing in 
the advantages or disadvantages of its Members. Wherefore in 
as much as the Town cannot be served by the Flatts remaining as 
they are at present in as much as by a Vote of the Town, neither 



90 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

the Town nor any one hath right to build thereon your Petitioners 
excepted, and not them without leave from the Town, which if 
obtaind may be of advantage to them, and consequently to the 
Town Your Petitioners humbly hope that the prayer of their 
Petition may be granted, and your Petitioners as in duty bound 
shall ever pray 

Considerable debate being had upon the above Petition, the 

Question was put. Viz*. Whether the same shall be referred 

to a Committee Passed in the Affirmative 

Voted, that The Hon ble . Thomas Flucker Esq. 
The Hon ble . Harrison Gray Esq. 

Oxenbridge Thacher Esq. 
William Phillips Esq. 
Thomas Green Esq. 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to consider of the 
above Petition of the Proprietors of the Long Wharf e in Boston, 
and Report at the next General Town Meeting, what they appre- 
hend the Town had best do thereon 

That Clause in the Warrant relative to Faneuil Hall Market 
being considered, the Question was put Whether the further 

consideration thereof be referred to March Meeting Passed 

in the Negative It was then moved and seconded that 

Faneuil Hall Market should be [544.] Opened by the Selectmen 
as soon as it shall be so repair'd that the Butchers and others 
might bring their Provisions into it without interruption and the 
Question being accordingly put Passed in the Affirmative 

The Committed Appointed the 14 th . Day of March, last to pre- 
pare a By Law relative to forestalling the Market Report 

That having met and considered of the Matter referred, find that 
as far as a By-Law may serve the purpose within mentioned ; 
sufficient provision is already made in the By-Laws of this Town : 
and that the great mischief therein mentioned can only be suppres'd 
by an Act of the General Court of this Province Wherefore the 
said Committee Report, that it be an Instruction to the Represen- 
tatives to be chosen at this Meeting that they use their utmost 
endeavors that such a Law be enacted. 

The above Report having been read, it was Voted, that the same 
be accepted, and that the Gentlemen who Represent the Town be 
and they hereby are desired to use their utmost endeavors in the 
General Court that such a Law be Enacted. 

The Committee appointed the 14 th . of March last to examin into 

the incroachments on the Circular Line having Reported It 

was Voted that the same be recommitted, and said Committee are 
desired to make further enquiry relative to those incroachments 
and Report the next General Town Meeting 

The Committee appointed the 14 th . of March last to enquire in to 
the Expences of the Town, and whether any savings can be made 
as also to consider what Sum of Money it may be necessary to 
raise in order to defrey the Charges of the Town the ensuing 
Year Report as follows 

That they have attended that service and after due [545.] 
Information from the Selectmen Overseers of the Poor and Town 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1763. 91 

Treasurer, all of whom appear to have served the Town with 
fidelity, they offer the following Report, viz'. 

That there appeard to be due to the Town from the respective 
Collectors of Taxes to the 25 of April last Six thousand eight 
hundred and four Pounds, but as the said Collectors had not then 
been paid their Premium for the Year 1761. which with what will 
be due to them for Premiums for 1762. amounts to one Thousand 
and eighty five Pounds four Shillings and six Pence, and as they 
are to be allowed for the abatements made and to be made in that 

Year, which the Assessors estimate at about 1000 the sum 

really due from them will then be four thousand seven hundred 
and eighteen pounds fifteen shillings and six pence for the taxes of 
the year 1762 which when received by the treasurer, will discharge 
every demand upon him to the 11 th . of March last, and leave a bal- 
lance in favor of the town of two thousand and thirty four pounds 
one shilling and eight pence, besides this the town has the further 
sum of four hundred pounds in the hands of the committee for 
purchasing grain, and one hundred and seventy two pounds lent 
the society of the linnen manufacture, & a stock of powder & c . of 
the value of one hundred and fifty six pounds, which three last 
sums amount to seven hundred and twenty eight pounds. 

Your committee find that the overseers accounts for supporting 
the poor in and out of the alms house for the year 1762 amounted 
to 2110 ,, ,, they also find that the usual incidental charges 
paid by the Selectmen for repairs for the towns estates & c . are 
about four hundred pounds annually, which together with the stated 
salarys charges of collecting the taxes, assessors & c . make the 
towns certain expence as things now are, four thousand six hun- 
dred and forty three pounds, they find further that the town re- 
ceived from the province treasurer for the support of the province 
poor in the alms house four hundred and ninety pounds, and that 
the towns rents amount to 223 p annum and the taxes re- 
ceived from strangers upon an average to be 210 ,, ,, 
yearly, and that there was expended for pavement at the [546.] 
Almshouse the last year 60 ,, ,, the whole whereof being 
983 ,, ,, leaves 3660 ,, ,, to be raised by the town 
exclusive of any provision for necessary abatements, and extra 
expences 

Pa: 1 st . Your committee are of opinion that 120 ,, ,, 

p Annum may be saved of the aforementioned expence by re- 
ducing the number of watchmen from the present establishment to 
four captains at twenty four pounds p annum and sixteen others 
at eighteen pounds a year each, which will cost but 384 ,, ,, 

instead of 504 ,, which is the present charge. 

2 d . They are further of opinion that in future the tax may be 
collected for three p c a . which will save 100 ,, ,, p Year, 
and that at least 200 ,, more may be saved yearly when the 
tueasurer shall be in cash for the aforementioned ballance of 2034 
,, 1 ,, 8 which your committee are of opinion should remain as a 
stock in the treasury for a constant fund to be made use of by the 
selectmen and overseers of the poor, as they may find it necessary 
for the benefit of the town, but on this express condition that such 



92 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

sums as they shall draw from it be replaced out of the moneys 
raised annually by the town. 

3 d . Your committee are further of opinion that there be raised 
the sum of four thousand four hundred and eighty pounds agreable 
to the estimate here unto annexed, wherein is included 175 ,, 
,, for rebuilding the kitchen of the house where M r . John Lovel 
lives in case the town should think proper to do it, in this estimate 
ample provision is made for every charge that can be supposed to 
arise, and three hundred pound is included as a fund for abate- 
ment of taxes 

Your committee find by certificate from the province treasurer 
that there is now due to the province for the year 1761. four thou- 
sand and thirty two pounds five shillings and seven pence viz*. 

[547.] From John Ruddock Esq..- - - - 883 ,, 10 ,, 4 
M r . Samuel Adams - - - - 2179 ,, 1 10 
M r . Jonathan Payson - - - 969 ,, ,, 



4032 5 7 
And the whole tax for the year 1762 - - - - 8570 ,, 13 ,, 7 



12602 ,, 19 ,, 2 

which with the aforesaid sum due to - - -) 4 ,^g ... - 
the town treasurer of ------ J 

makes 17321 ... 4 ,, 8 



Pa 4 th . Your committee are of opinion that it would be very 
much for the interest of the town to have the taxes made in the 
months of July and August, and the books delivered to the collec- 
tors in September as they will then have a sufficient time to receive 
the money, and settle with the respective treasurers by the begin- 
ing of march 

5 th . And it is the opinion of this committee that the town 
should strictly adhere to their votes passed respecting the several 
periods and proportions in which the collectors are obliged to pay 
the respective troasurys, in order to entitle them to any premium 

6 th . Your committee are of opinion that in future there be six 
collectors of taxes, which will enable them to do the business with 
greater Tacility, as each of them will have but two wards to collect 
from 

7 th . Your Committee are further of opinion that the assessors 
be not allowed more than two months to make abatements, after 
the books are delivered to the collectors and that no abatements 
be made after that time to any person but such as shall be 
out of the province during the said two months, and that the 
assessors in making their abatements have particular regard to the 
sum raised by the town as a fund for that purpose & c . 

This Report being read and debate had thereon, it was 

[548.] Voted, that the same be considered of paragraph by 
paragraph, and thereupon the first paragraph being again read 

Voted, that the same be accepted 

Then the 2 d . Paragraph being read, and debate had thereon 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1763. 93 

Voted, that that part thereof which relates to the premium for 
collecting of the taxes be referred for further consideration to the 
next General Town Meeting. And that the other part relative to 
a sum of Money, remaining as a stock in the Treasury for the use 
of the Selectmen and Overseers of the Poor be accepted 

Then the 3 d . Paragraph being read and debated 

Voted, That the same be accepted with this amendment and 
addition. Viz 1 . That the sum of Four thousand six hundred 
Pounds be raised by a tax upon Polls and Estates within this Town 
for relief of the Poor and defreyiug other necessary charges aris- 
ing within the Town the ensuing Year 

The 4 th . Paragraph being read and debated 

Voted, that the same be accepted 

The 5 th . Paragraph being read and debated 

Voted, That the same be referred over to the next General 
Town Meeting for further consideration 

The 6 th . Paragraph being read and debated 

Voted, That the same be referred over to the next General 
Town Meeting for further consideration 

The 7 th . and last Paragraph being read and debated 

Voted, That the same be accepted 

The Committee appointed the 14 th . Day of March last relative 
to M r . John Lovels Kitchen and the Cellar under the same 
Report That they had examined the Premisses and find that 
the Kitchen is small and uncomfortable and wants repair, and as 
there is no Cellar only under one Room of the House there had 
been many difficulty s for want of more, but if the Town should 
think [549.] Proper to build a new Kitchen, it was their Opinion 

that it is very necessary to make a Cellar under the same 

This Report being rend and debate had thereon, the Question was 
put, Whether the Kitchin of the House M r . John Lovel lives in 
should be repair'd : passed in the affermative. 

It being moved that the above Vote be reconsidered and the 
Question accordingly put, it passed in the affermative 

Jt was then Voted, that M r John Lovels Kitchen be Re-built 
with a Cellar under the same, and that the Selectmen be and 
hereby are appointed a Committee to see this Vote carried into exe- 
cution 

The Committee Appointed the 14 th . Day of March last to con- 
sider of the Proposals of Hugh Floyd Jonathan Hall and others 
to make Brick and Tile on the Land on the Neck leased to John 
Hill and Samuel Whentworth Esqrs. Keport That they 
had repaired to the Land on Boston Neck leased to John Hill and 
Samuel Whentworth Esq. and there met with the within named 
Jonathan Hall only, who declared he had no Proposals to make 
concerning the making Brick & Tile on the said Land and 
further, that in their Opinion it would not be for the benefit 
of the Town to permit the making of Brick and Tyle on said 
Neck. 

The above Report having been read and debate had thereon it 
was Voted, that the same be accepted 

The Committee Appointed the 14 th . of March upon the affair of 



94 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

M r . Solomon Kneelands Land in Water Street having Reported 
It was Voted that the same be Recommitted, and said Com- 
mittee are desired to Report again the next General Town Meet- 
ing 

Voted, that the sum of Twenty Pounds be & hereby is allowed 
M r . John Lovel Master of the South Grammar School in addition 
to his [55O.] Last Years grant for which he has already had a 
draft on the Treasury, as through mistake 100 ,, ,, instead 
of 120 was then Voted him 

Voted, That the sum of One hundred and twenty Pounds be 
allowed and paid unto M r . John Lovel for his Salary as Master of 
the South Grammar School for the ensuing Year, the same to be 
paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at 
the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . Peleg Wiswall for his Salary as Master of the North 
Grammar School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the expira- 
tion of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . Samuel Holyoke for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in Queen Street for the Year ensuing, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . John Procter for his Salary as a Master of the 
Writing School in Queen Street for the ensuing Year, the same to 
be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at 
the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . Abia Holbrook for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in the Common for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter 

[551.] Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed 
and paid unto M r . John Tileston for his Salary as Master of the 
North Writing School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . James Lovel for his Salary as Usher of the South Grammar 
School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him Quarterly as 
it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . Ephraim Langdon for his Salary as Usher of the North 
Grammar School the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him Quar- 
terly, as the same shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . John Vinal for his Salary as Usher of the Writing 
School in the Common the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1763. 95 

quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the expi- 
ration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Thirty four Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . John Tileston Master of the North Writing School for 
providing an Assistant for the Year ensuing, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 

expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid out of the Town Treasury unto M r . David Jeffries for his 
services as Treasurer of the Town the Year past, and for all his 
Expences in that Office. 

M r . Jacob Williams 
was chosen a Culler of Staves for the Year ensuing. 

[552.] Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and hereby is 
directed and impowered to allow the several Schoolmasters, Interest 
on the Sums due to them from the date of their Warrants to the 

time of payment. 

The Committee appointed the 8 th . of March 1762 to Visit the 

Publick Schools, now Report as follows Viz 1 . 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Boston in Town 
Meeting Assembled May 10. 1763 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Annual 
Meeting the 8 th . of March 1762, desiring the Selectmen to visit the 
several Publick Schools in the Town, and to invite such Gentle- 
men to accompany them therein as they shall think proper, and to 
Report thereon 

We the Subscribers accordingly attended that service on Tues- 
day the 29 th day of June last, accompanied by the following Gentle- 
men Viz*. 

The Hon ble : William Brattle Esq. 
John Erviug Esq. 
Thomas Ilubbard Esq. 
Thomas Hancock Esq. 
The Representatives of the Town 
The Overseers of the Poor 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 
Richard Dana Esq. 
Middlecot Cook Esq. 
Jeramiah Gridley Esq. 
Joseph Dowse Esq. 
Epps Sergeant Esq. 
Roger Hale Esq. 
Richard Clark Esq. 
William Story Esq. 
William Blair Townsend Esq. 
[553.] John Erving Esq. 

Mess : John Dennie 

Alexander Hill 
William Greenleaffe 
Oxenbridge Thacher 
Samuel Adams 
David Jeffries 



96 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Benjamin Hammatt 
Limers (a Stranger) 
Rev d . Alexander Cummins 
Samuel Cooper 
Mather Byles 
M r . Gorden (Stranger) 
Ebenezer Pemberton 
Andrew Elliot 
Samuel Mather 
Samuel Checkley Jun r . 
Samuel Checkley 
D r . Jonathan May hew 
Charles Chauncey 
Joseph Sewall 

And found the South Grammar School had 119 Scholars, the 
North Grammar School 08 Scholars, the Soutli Writing School 236 
Scholars, the North Writing School 176 Scholars, the Writing 

School in Queen Street 238 Scholars, all in very good order. 

THOMAS GUSHING "| 
JOHN SCOLLAT 

BENJAMIN AUSTIN } Selectmen of Boston 
SAMUEL SEWALL 
EZEKIEL LEWIS J 

Voted, that the above Report be accepted, and that the Gentle- 
men the Selectmen, be desired to visit the Publick Schools the 
Year ensuing [554.] And that they desire such Gentlemen to ac- 
company them therein as they shall think convenient ; and that they 
Report thereon. 

Mess. William Fisher 

Peter Boyer 
were chose/Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 

Mess. Edward Baker ------ Sworn 

Matthew Wakefield do 

John Edwards 
were chose Constables for the Year ensuing 

M r . Jonathan Blake 
was chosen a Sealer of Leather for the Year ensuing. 

Voted, that all Matters and Things that remain unfinished at this 
Meeting be and hereby are referred over to the next General Town 
Meeting. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for dispatching the 
business thereof. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in Publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 6 th Day of 
September Anno Domini 1763. 

[555.] The Warrant for calling the Meeting - was read. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1763. 97 

James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator by a written Vote. 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant Viz'. * ' That 
" some Measures might be taken that a certain slip of Land lying 
on the North side of Water Street, may be annexed to said Street ' 

It was moved and seconded and accordingly put Whether a 

Committee shall be Appointed to take this matter into consideration 
and to Report the next Meeting Passed in the Negative 

Then a Question was put Whether the Town would take any 
Measures that a certain slip of Land lying on the North side of 

Water Street, may be Annexed to said Street Passed in y e . 

Negative. 

That Clause in the Warrant. Viz'. " That some Methods may be 
taken to remove the Nusance in the Passage Way from the Main 
Street leading to the Common called Hog Alley " was considered 
and after Debate had thereon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are Appointed a Com- 
mittee to enquire into this matter, and Report at the Adjournment 
of this Meeting, the circumstances thereof, and what they may ap- 
prehend best to be done thereon. 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant. Viz'. 
" Whether any Methods should be taken to preserve Deer Island 
Head from the further Incroachments of the Sea" 

Voted, that Joshua Henshaw 
Royal Tyler 
Samuel Wells 
Samuel Wentworth 
Nathaniel Wheelright Esqrs. 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to examine into the 
present Circumstances of Deer Island Head, and to make a true 
representation [556.] Thereof to the General Court at their 
next Session ; at the same time setting forth of what importance 
it is to the trading Interest of this Province that said Head Land 
and thereby this Harbour should be preserved from the ruin thnt 
now threatens them ; and praying that such speedy and effectual 
methods may be taken for this purpose, as the General Court in 
their Great Wisdom shall think meet. 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant. Viz'. 
' ' Whether any more effectual Measures shall be taken for the pre- 
" venting Chimnies so frequently taking Fire" 

Voted, that Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

Thomas Daws Esq. 
Royal Tyler Esq. 
M r . Samuel Adams 
M r . Benjamin Dolbear 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee, to consider of the 
Scheem which Thomas Daws Esq, has laid before the Town rela- 
tive to this matter ; as also of any other Proposals that may come 
before said Committee ; and that they Report at the Adjournment 
of this Meeting, what Measures they apprehend most expedient to 
be taken for the purpose aforesaid. 

That Clause in the Warrant. Viz'. "Whether any further step 
" can now be taken for the more speedy and effectual supplying 



98 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

" the Overseers of the Poor with Money for the purchasing Neces- 
" sarys for the Almshouse, being considered, the Question was 
" accordingly put Whether any such step could now be taken 
" Passed in the Negative." 

That Clause in the Warrant, Viz'. " Whether the Town will im- 
" prove the Indulgence of the General Court, which by a [557.] 
" Late Law permits them to Elect and Appoint, Four meet Per- 
" sons as Fire- Wards, in addition to the present number of twelve 
" & c ." being Read, it was Voted, that the Consideration thereof be 
referred over to the next March Meeting. 

That Clause in the Warrant relative to a Bill now pending in the 
General Court directing how Rates and Taxes shall be Assessed 
and Collected & c . & c . being read, it was Voted that the considera- 
tion of this Matter be referred over to the Adjournment of this 
Meeting, Also Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to get printed, 
and dispers'd amongst the Inhabitants, Copys of the Bill now 
pending before the General Court relative to some new power being 
given the Collectors of Taxes. 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Wednesday the Twenty 
first Instant at Nine O'clock in the Forenoon, and the same was 
Adjourned accordingly. 

Wednesday September 21 9. O'Clock in the Forenoon, the Town 

Met according to Adjournment 

The Committee Appointed the 10 th of May last upon the affair 
of M r . Solomon Kneelands Land in Water Street Report That 
having met M r . Kneeland and viewd the Land taken from him to 
widen the Street are of Opinion, That the said Solomon Kneeland 
be allowed the Sum of Six Pounds Seventeen Shillings and four 
Pence for the Land taken from him and added to Water Street ; 
whereupon Voted that the said Report be and hereby is accepted, 
and that M r . Kneeland have a Draft on the Treasurer accordingly. 
That Clause in the. Warrant relative to a Bill now pending in 
the General Court, which relates to the Collecting of Taxes, was 
read, [558.] And after debate had thereon, the Question was 
put Viz*. "Whether the Town approve of the Bill now pend- 
ing in the General directing how Rates and Taxes shall be Assessed 
and Collected & c . in its present form Passed in the Nega- 
tive. 

Report of the Committee relative to the Longe Wharf e was read, 
and after debate had theron, it was Voted that the further Con- 
sideration thereof should be deferred. 

Voted, that John Avery Esq. 

Samuel Wentworth Esq. 

John Rowe Esq. 

Nathaniel Wheelwright Esq. 

John Scollay Esq. 

M r . Thomas Gray 

M r . John Pigeon 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to hear the Collectors 
of the Town, and to examin into their difficulty's in Collecting the 
Taxes, and in what Instances it may be expedient to enable the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1763. 99 

Collectors to Sue at Common Law, for the Taxes so committed to 
them to Collect, and to Report as soon as may be 

The Committee appointed the 6 th . of September Instant to 
consider of the expediency of shutting up Hog Alley Report, 
That they had attended that Service, and find that said Alley has 
been used as a publick Way for a long course of Years, and was 
Recorded as such in the Town Records in the Year 1708 that 
it is not attended with much greater Nusances than such narrow 
Passages generally are That the danger arising from Horses 
and Cows passing through the same may be prevented if the Town 
think proper to fix Turn Pikes at each end of the Alley, and that 
they did not apprehend such a necessity for shutting up the said 
Alley as would Justefie their Reporting in favor of it whereupon 
[559.] Voted, that this Report be accepted and that the Select- 
men be and hereby are desired and impower'd to provide Turn 
Pikes for Hog Alley, and that the same be fixed as soon as may 
be 

Joshua Heushaw Esq. and others a Committee reletive to Chim- 
nies having made Report, it was thereupon Voted, that the same 
be recommitted, and that Oxenbridge Thacher Esq. and James 
Otis Esq be and herebey are added to said Committee, who are 
desired to Report at the Adjouiment of this Meeting. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesday Octob.r 4 th . 
3 O'Clock P : M : And the Meeting was adjourn'd accordingly. 

Tuesday October 4 th . 3 O'Clock P : M : The Town Met according 
to Adjournment. 

The Committee relative to Chimnies having acquainted the Town 
that by reason of the absence of several of their number, and for 
other Causes, the}" were not yet able to make Report, upon which 
it was Voted, that said Committee be requested to have further 
consideration on that Matter, and that they Report at the next 
General Town Meeting. 

The Committee relative to C : -cnlar Line, Report, That they find 
the folio-wing facts among t . 3 Records of the Town. That on the 
5 th of September 1073, at a General TOWL Meeting, (the Council 
having recommended to the Selectmen of the Town the erecting a 
Wall or Wharff of Brick and Stone upon the Flatts before the 
Town from the Sconce to Cap 4 . Scarlets Wharfe or to use some 
other means for the security of tha Town from the approach of an 
Enemy which recommendation they then laid before the Town, and 
the following Votes, passed thereon 1 st . Whether the Inhabi- 
tants will be at any charge for erecting such a [5OO.] Wall or 

Wharff it passed in the Negative 2 d . the Question was 

put, whether the Selectmen of the Town may order and dispose of 
the Flatts before the Town, from the Sconce to Cap*. Scarlets 
Wharff, lor the better security of the Town, as they may Judge 
best, any former order to the contrary notwithstanding. It was 
resolved in tlie affermative In consequence of this Vote the 
Committee find that the Selectmen on the 5 th of September 1673 
did agree with a number of Persons to erect a Wall and Wharff of 
Stone and Wood upon the following terms, viz'. That upon 



100 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

their corapleating said Wharff agreable to the Conditions containd 
in their agreement with the said Selectmen which Agreement is in 
the Records of the Town in Book N. 2. Page 81 they should 
have right to build in back from said Wall 200 feet towards the 
Town in proportion to the breadth that they build in y e . front, and 
that the remainder of the Flatts should be open for the security of 
Vessells ; but that those who undertook any part of this Wall, and 
were Abutters on the within Cove should also have right to Wharff 
out before their own Land, and in proportion with others about 
one hundred feet beyond Governor Leverets and M r . Alfords 
Wharfes and to improve the same for their best advantage, to them 
their Heirs and Assigns forever as should be staked out in a Cir- 
cular Line according to a Platt or Map then taken of the Cove, 
reserving also to such others of the Abuttors or Borderers on the 
said Flatts who refused to Join in the said Wall, liberty of egress 
and regress, lying at their Wharffs Loading and unloading & c . 

The Committee further find that at a Meeting of the Town 
March 29 th . 1 728 a Committee was appointed to inspect into the 
ruinous conditions the out Wharffs granted to the several Under- 
takers in the Year 1G73 are in ; and to Report at the next General 
Meeting what they should think proper for the Town to do to Re- 
dress said grieveance And accordingly at the next [561.] Meet- 
ing the 14 th . May following they Reported that three Years should 
be allowed them to Rebuild the said Wharffs according to their 
Agreement with the Town and they who should not build up their 
respective parts in said term of three Years, should forfeit their 
Rights and Privileges granted them by the Town, and that proper 
Methods in such case should be taken to declare the same null and 
void, which Report was read and accepted, and that at the next 
Meeting the June following the said Report was committed to the 
Representatives of the Town, and it was Voted that they should 
be desired to lay it before the General Court and take proper 
methods to have it confirm'd, but the Committee do not find that 
the Court did anything relative thereto, or that it was ever laid 
before the Court. 

The Committee also find with the Records of the Town a Plan 
of the Line of defence and of the Cove within the same, taken by 
M r . Jacob Sheaffe by order of the Selectmen in 1708 which Plan so 
far as they have been able to observe, exactly correspond, with 
the descriptions of a Circular Line referr'd to in many of the 
ancient Records of the Town, and are of opinion that the said 
Plan is a good & sufficient one to settle the several boundaries by, 
but at the ^ame time recommend it to the Town that this Plan be 
immediately run out by some skillful Person. 

It further appears by said Plan that there are several encroach- 
ments upon said Line and that if something be not immediately 
done further encroachments will soon be made, contrary as the 
Committee apprehend to the Interest of the Town in general, as 
well as very prejudicial to the properly of many of the Inhabitants, 
for it is quite apparent should some of the Abutters go on to 
Wharfe out as they have begun they will soon intersect one 
another, and needlessly close up a great part of the Cove, when 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1763. 101 

not any of the Abuttcrs have right to exceed the Circular Line, 

and by far the greater part cannot Wharfe out even to that 

without special leave to the Town. The Committee are also of 
opinion that it would be for the Interest of the Town to appoint 
[562.] A Committee to meet the several Proprietors of Wharfes 
abutting on or near the Circular Line and that such Committee be 
directed and impower'd to renew said Line with said Proprietors 
and explain and reduce to the greatest certainty the manner of 
extending the Wharfs of such as have right to build out, to the 
Circular Line, as also to accommodate all differences between the 
Town and such as have encroached on the Towns Lauds, within or 
without the Circular Line and to make Report to the Town at their 
next Meeting in order for their acceptance and that the Selectmen 
in the wean time be directed and impowered to bring forward and 
prosecute such Action or Actions for removing or preventing en- 
croachments on the Towns Lands within or without the Circular 
Line, as by Council learned in the Law be advised which is sub- 
mitted in the Name and by order of the Committee 

ROYAL TYLER 

Whereupon it was Voted that the Report be accepted ; it was 
further Voted that Royal Tyler Esq. 

Samuel Grant Esq. 
Joshua Henshaw Esq. 
Oxenbridge Thacher Esq. 
M r . Henderson Inches 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to meet the several 
Proprietors of Wharfes abutting on or near the Circular Line who 
are hereby directed and impowerd to renew said Line with said 
Proprietors and explain and reduce to the greatest certainty the 
manner of extending the Wharfe of such as have right to build 
out to the Circular Line ; as also to accommodate all difference be- 
tween the Town and such as have encroached on the Town Lands, 
within or without the Circular Line, and to make Report at next 
General Town Meeting 

The Committee Appointed the 10 th Day of May last [563.] 
To consider of the Petition of the Proprietors of the Long Wharfe 
Report, That having considered the Petition, heard the Pe- 
titioners and viewd the Premisses, it was their Opinion that the 
Prayer of the Petition be granted, and that the Petitioners be per- 
mitted to extend the Pier of the Wharf as pray'd for, and that the 
Town direct the Selectmen to execute a Deed of Grant without 
Warranty of the Flatts within the said extent ; after considerable 
debate the Question was put Viz'. Whether the said Report shall 
be accepted Passed in the Afferrnative. 

The Committee appointed the 21 st . of September last to hear 
the Collectors of the Town and to examine into their difflcultys 
& c . and in what instances it may be expedient to enable the Col- 
lectors to Sue at Common Law for the Taxes & c Report 

1 st . When any Person after being duly rated in this Town shall 
conceal his Person and Estate ; that the Collectors or Constables 
shall have his remedy to recover b\ 7 Suit against the Trustees of 
such Offender, as Creditors have by Law to recover their Debts 



102 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

2 nd . When any Person rated as aforesaid shall die before pay- 
ment of his Taxes ; or when the Collector or Constable shall die 
before perfecting his Collection, the Executors and Administrators 
respectively may Sue or be Sued 

3 d . "When any Person duly rated in this Town, shall remove 
out of it and become an Inhabitant of another without paying bis 
Tax, the Collector shall have his Action at Law 

4 th . When any Single Woman is rated, and before payment of 
said Taxes intermarrys, that the Collector or Constable may bring 
Action against the Husband. 

After some debate had upon the above Report, it was Voted 
that the same be considered of Paragraph by Paragraph, and the 
first Paragraph being again read, Voted that the same be accepted 
The 2 d . Paragraph beiug again read, Voted, that the same be 
accepted The 3 d . Paragraph being again read, Voted, that the 
same be accepted, The 4 th . Paragraph being again read, Voted, 
that the same be accepted It was further Voted, that when the 
time of payment to the respective Treasurers is [564.] Elapsed, 
and the Collectors and Constables have paid the Sums given them 
to Collect, that they shall have remedie by Suit against Delin- 
quents for the same Year for which they have so paid iu, to be in 
force for two Years and no longer. 

Voted, that the Representatives of the Town be and hereb} 7 are 
desired and Instructed to use their best influence at the General 
Court, that a Law may be Enacted which shall include the Spirit 
and Substence of the above Votes, relative to Collecting of Taxes 
&c. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for dispatching 
the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and Warned in Publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 20 th . of Feb- 
ruary 1764. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r . Sewall. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Town proceeded to the choice of a Moderator by a Hand 
Vote, when the Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq. was Unanimously 
chosen 

[565.] The Petition of a number of Inhabitants respecting 
the Small Pox was read ; As also the Petition of others respect- 
ing Inoculating Hospitals was also read After considerable 
debate on the subject matter of these. Petitions 

Voted, Unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to the Gentlemen the Selectmen of the Town for their 
great care and pains to prevent the spread of the Small Pox in 
this Town ; and that they be desired to continue their good Offices 
for that end. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1764. 103 

Voted, That the Gentlemen the Selectmen together with James 
Otis, John Ruddock, Samuel Wells, Harrison Gray, Foster Hutch- 
inson Esq. M r . Thomas Gray, Benjamin Kent & John Tudor Esq. 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to take into their serious 
Consideration what Measures are most expedient for the Town to 
take in their present distress'd Circumstances, by reason of the 
Small Fox, more especially the Proposals made relative to Inocu- 
lating Hospitals, and to Report at the Adjournment of this 
Meeting. 

Voted, that this Meeting be and hereby is Adjourned to Fry day 
next at 10 O'Clock in the Forenoon. 

February 24 th . 10 O'Clock A. M: The Town Met according to 

Adjournment 

The Committee Appointed the 20 th . of this Instant February to 
consider what are the most expedient Methods for the Town to 
take in their present distressed Circumstances by reason of the 
Small Pox, and of the Proposals made relative to Inoculating 
Hospitals Report, That it be recommended to the Selectmen 
still to continue their endeavors to prevent the Spread of the Dis- 
temper, and that for the accommodation of such of the Inhabitants, 
as are inclined to take the Distemper [566.] By Inoculation it 
will be expedient for the Town to countenance the Establishment 
of Inoculating Hospitals, and they find upon enquiry that the 
Houses at Point Shirley are very convenient for that purpose ; 
that a number of Physicians have hired the Houses at said Place 
with a view of improving them as Inoculating Hospitals, and are 
ready to admit any of the Physicians of the Town to Inoculate 
their Patients there, they paying a reasonable consideration for the 
Houses and Furniture, and that a number of Physicians are about 
engaging Houses at some of the Islands near the Town for the 
Bame purpose They further Report that they have also con- 
sidered the Petition fur establishing an Inoculating Hospital in this 
Town, and are of opinion it will not be convenient at present to 
have such' an Hospital within the Peninsula 

The above Report having been read, and debate had thereon, 

Voted, that the same be accepted 

Voted, that the Selectmen acquaint M r . Nathan Spear now sick 
with the Small Pox, that it is the desire of the Town now As- 
sembled in Town Meeting, that he would consent to his being 
immediately removed to the Hospital at West Boston provided 

it can be done with safety to his Life 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, Voted, that. 

Thomas Hubbard 

Samuel Wells 

John Ruddock 

Robert Auchmuty 

Benjamin Kent 

Foster Hutchinson Esq 1 *. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

M r . Henry Newman 

Richard Dana Esq. 



104 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

[567.] Be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to examin the 
several Laws of this Province relative to Infectious Distempers, 
and Report to the Town at their next Meeting, their Opinion of 
the expediency of applying to the General Court for any further 
Act. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted unanimously That 
the Thanks of this Town be and hereby are given the Rev d . M r . 
George Whitefield for his Charitable care and pains in collecting a 
considerable Sum of Money in Great Britain for the distressed 

Sufferers by the great Fire in Boston Anno Domini 1 760 and 

that, 

James Otis Esq. 

John Rowe Esq. 

William Phillips Esq. 

John Steel Esq. 

Royal Tyli-r P^sq. 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to wait on M r . White- 
field, and inform him of this Vote ; and that he be presented with 

a Copy thereof 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to the Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq. the Moderator of this Meet- 
ing for dispatching the Business thereof 
Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[568.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally qualified and 
warned in publick Town Meeting Assembled at 
Faneuil Hall on Monday the 12 th . Day of March 
Anno Dom. 17G4. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Andrew Elliot 
The Warrant for calling the Meeting ----- read. 
Sundry Laws enjoined to be read at this Meeting were accord- 
ingly read. 

James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this Meeting and 
took the Oath respecting his paying and receiving Bills of Credit 
of the Governments of Connecticut New Hampshire and Rhode 
Island, as required by an Act of this Province. 

William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing 
and having taken the Oath relating to his receiving and paying 
Bills of Credit of the other Governments, took the Oath of Office 
for the faithful discharge of his dut}' which Oaths were adminis- 

tred to him by the Hon ble . Samuel Wells Esq. 

The Town proceeded to the choice of seven Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted it appeard that 
Joshua Henshaw 
Joseph Jackson 
John Scollay 
Benjamin Austin 
Samuel Sewall 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1764. 105 

Nathaniel Thwing 

John Ruddock Esq. 

were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing 

[569.] Thomas Gushing Esq. one of the late Selectmen hav- 
ing before the above choice informed the Town, that he was much 
obliged to them for the Honor done him in choosing him a Select- 
man for a number of Years past ; that he found his Business would 
not permit him to serve in that Office any longer, and therefore de- 
sired his Name might not be put in the new List Samuel Hews 

and Ezekiel Lewis Esq. having made a like excuse and expressed the 

same desire It was Unanimously Voted, That the Thanks of 

the Town be and hereby are given to the above named Gentlemen, 

for their faithful services as Selectmen some time past 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Overseers of the 
Poor, and upon sorting them it appeard, that 

John Barratt Esq. 

Royal Tyler Esq. 

M r . Benjamin Dolbear 

Isaac Smith Esq. 

M r . Jonathan Mason 

M r . Henry Bromfield 

Meletiah Bourn Esq. 

Joseph Gardner Esq. 

M r . William Whit well 

Cap'. Benjamin Hammatt 

M r . Henderson Inches 

M r . Ebenezer Storer 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing and took 

the Oaths required by Law 

The Votes were brought in for a Town Treasurer, and upon 
sorting them it appeard that M r . David Jeffries was unanimously 
chosen, and having taken the Oath relating to his paying and re- 
ceiving Bills of Credit of the other Governments took the Oath 
of Office for the faithful discharge of his duty, which Oaths were 
administred to him [57O] By the Honorable Samuel Wells 

Esq. 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Wardens, and upon 
sorting them it appeard that 

M r . William Whitwell 

M r . Nathaniel Holmes 

Maj r . Newman Grenough 

Onesip". Tileston Esq. 

Cap'. Samuel Partridge 

William Holmes Esq. 

M r . Johnson Jackson 

John Gore Esq. 

M r . William Gray 

Benjamin Andrews Esq. 

M r . Thomas Fletcher 

Cap 4 . William Fisher 
were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing. 

Royal Tyler Esq. in the name of the Overseers represented to 



106 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

i 

the Town, that being acquainted by the Selectmen that a number 
of Physicians were willing to Inoculate such of the Poor Gratis, 
as were desirous of receiving the Small Pox in that way ; they 
had accordingly waited upon those Gentlemen, who readily en- 
gaged to carry through that Distemper their proportion of the 
Poor of the Town either in the natural way or by Inoculation, as 
also to find Medicines and give proper attendance Gratis they 
mentioned among other Things, that they were apprehensive that 
the great number of Persons which will be immediately laid down 
may so take up the attention of those Physicians who have thus 
engaged, as to prevent them in some instances from attending the 
sick Poor who may thereby suffer ; and that therefore they had 
secured as Physicians to be at the call of the Overseers in all such 
cases whereupon it was Voted [5 7 1.] That the Conduct of the 

Overseers in those particulars arc satisfactory to the Town 

Voted that the Town Clerk be directed to Advertize in the sev- 
eral News Papers, that it is expected and required of the Inhabi- 
tants that they strictly conform to the Law relative to sweeping of 
Chimnies & c . as Fires at this Time of sickness must be peculiarly 

distressing 

Voted, that the Gentlemen Overseers of the Poor be desired to 
take such care of the Chimnies of the Houses occupied by those 
Persons who are unable to pay the Charge of sweeping & c . as they 
may apprehend most for the safety of the Town 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the "Warrant (Viz 4 .) 
" Whether any Measures shall be taken to prevent Strangers 
coming into the Town or any of the Inhabitants to be Inoculated 
after a certain Time allowed for that purpose 
Voted, that the Hon ble . Harrison Gray Esq. 
Hon ble . Samuel Wells Esq. 
Royal Tyler Esq. 
John Barratt Esq. 
Thomas Gushing Esq. 
John Ruddock Esq. 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to consider of this Mat- 
ter, and Report as soon as may be 

Voted, that any Person chosen into the Office of a Constable for 
the Year ensuing may be excused from serving, on his paying the 
Sum of Four Pounds. 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Constables ; the 

Persons [572.] Chose into that Office are 

Mess. Augustus Hale - - Sworn 

Nathaniel Thayer d. 

James Thomas d. 

Francis Salmon d. 

Edward Baker d. 

John Welds d. 

Thomas Bradford d. 

John Kinney ----- d. 
Thomas Moore d. 

Isaac Ridgway d. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1764. 107 

Samuel Procter - - d. 

Samuel McClure - - d. 

Elisba Byles - - excused having served. 
The Town brought iu their Votes for Sixteen Fire Wards, and 
upon sorting them it appear'd that 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 
John Scollay Esq. 
Royal Tyler Esq. 
Newman Grenough Esq. 
Cap'. Solomon Davis 
M r . William Cooper 
M r . Samuel Austin 
M r . Joseph Jackson 
John Howe Esq. 
M r . John Mico Wendell 
M r . Henderson Inches 
Thomas Marshall Esq. 
William Holmes Esq. 
M r . Joseph Tyler 
M r . Jonathan Williams 
[573.] M r . Timothy Fitch 

were chose for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Clerks of the 
Market, and upon sorting them it appear'd, that 
Mess". Benjamin Henderson 
Benjamin Edes 
Samuel Torrey 
John Scott 
John Cunningham 
Edward Walker 
Ezra Collins 
Thomas Browne 
Thomas Leverett 
Jeremiah Belknap 
Joseph Tyler 
Edward Blanchard 

were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to 3 O'Clock P. M. 



3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment. 



The Town took into consideration a proposal made by one of 
their Committees the last Year, for chosing Six Collectors of 
Taxes, and the Question being put (Viz'.) Whether there shall be 
six Collectors chose Passed in the Negative 

Voted, that the Sum of Nine Pence on the Pound be and hereby 
is allowed to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of Taxes 
for the Year ensuing, for all such Sums as they shall Collect, 
provided they pay into the Town Treasury one half part of 
the whole Sum they are obliged to [574.] Pay him, within lour 
Mounths from the Time they receive the Tax Books from the 
Assessors, and the other half in three Months after ; and also pay 
into the Province and County Treasuries one half part of the whole 



108 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Sum they shall be obliged them respectively in seven Months from 
the time they shall receive the Tax Books from the Assessors as 
aforesaid, and the other half part in Five Months after ; and in 
case either of said Collectors shall fail paying in the manner 
aforesaid, the Collector so failing shall not be entitled to the 
aforesaid allowance of Nine Pence on the Pound, but wholly 
forfeit the same ; provided also that each of said Collectors give 
Bond with sufficient Sureties to the satisfaction of the Selectmen, 
for the faithful discharge of their duty in said Office, and com- 
plying with the Vote 

Voted, that the Selectmen shall have a discretionary power as to 
the payment of the Collectors Premium, for the Year ensuing, any 

former Vote notwithstanding 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for four Collectors of 
Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeard that 

Jonathan Payson Esq. 

M r . John Grant 

M r . Samuel Adams 

Cap*. Gyles Harris 

were chose into that Office 

The Committee relative to Chimnies acquainting the Town that 
they were not yet ready to make Report Voted that said Com- 
mittee be required to have further consideration on the Matter and 

Report at the General Town Meeting to be held in May next 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven Assessors 
[575.] And upon sorting them it appeard that, 
Mess. William Fairfield 

John Kneeland 

Benjamin Church 

Jonathan Brown 

Samuel Downe 

Belcher Noyes Esq. 

William Torrey 

were chose into that Office for the Year ensuing 

M r . John Gray was chosen Surveyor of Hemp. 
Mess. William Nichols 

Clement Collins 

Jacob Thayer 

Henry Allyne . 

John Grenough 

Andrew Symms 

Isaac Vergoose 

John Sergeant 

William Payne 

John Langley 

Richard W T alker 

John Skillins 
were chose Surveyors of Boards & Shingles for the Year ensuing. 

Onesip". Tileston Esq. 

M r . Obediah Lowe 

Hopestill Capen 

William Crafts 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1764. 109 

Samuel Dyer 

Benjamin Andrews Esq. 

[576.] Were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing 
Mess. Sutton Byles 

Cornelius Thayer 

Isaac Haws 

William Cromby 

were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing 

Mess. Nathaniel Gardner 

Samuel Whitwell 

were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing 
Mess. Peter Cotta 

Manasseh Masters 

Joseph Dyer 

John Harskins 

David Spear 

Nathan Spear 

Jonathan Jenkins 

Samuel Treat 

Robert Brick Jun r . 

Job Wheelwright 

Joshua Pico 

Benjamin Salt 

Paul Baxter 

John Owen 

Thomas Knox 

Samuel White 

Edward Cowell 

Edward Potter 

Peter Ellis 

Robert Treat 

[577 ] Were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing 

Mess. David Simens. 

John Bacon 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing 

M r . Edward Curtis 

was chosen Hayward for the Year ensuing 

The Committee Appointed to consider "Whether the Town will 
take any Measures to prevent Strangers coming into the Town or 
any of the Inhabitants to be Inoculated after a certain Time 

allowed for that purpose " Report That no Person not being 

an Inhabitant of this Town shall have liberty to come into this 
Town in order to be Inoculated uutill the first of April, nor shall 
be Inoculated in said Town after the 10 th . Day of April next. And 
those of the Inhabitants of the Town that have removed into the 
Country, shall not have liberty to be Inoculated in the Town after 
the first Day of May next, unless at that Time there shall be 

upwards of twenty Familys visited with that Distemper " 

After debate had theron, the Question was put, Whether said 

Report be accepted Passed in the Affermative 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz'.) "Whether the Town will 
"accept of the Grant of Three Thousand Pounds made to them 



110 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

" by the General Court at their last Session, which together with 
" what has been already advanced was Voted in full consideration 
"for what they have over paid in the Publick Taxes for Years 
past " was read and after many objections and difficnltys mentioned, 

and a large debate 

Voted, That considering the distressing Circumstances of the 
Inhabicants by means of the Small Pox, and the absolute Neces- 
sity of ready Money for the Poor and Needy, the Town do accept 
the Grant aforesaid and hereby direct the Town Treasurer to apply 
to His Excellency [578.] The Governor and the Hori ble . the 
Council for a Warrant on the Province Treasurer for the Three 
Thousand Pounds granted 

Mess". Robert Edwards 
Ezra Collins 
John Martin 
William Daws 
Ebenezer Lowell 
Jeremiah Webb 
William Scott 
Gershom Tinuey 
John Welch 
Ephraim Mayes 
Benjamin Burt 
Edward Winter 

were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that M r . Thomas Gray 

William Story Esq. 
M r . Ezekiel Price 
M r . Timothy Newell 
M r . John Muffatt 

be and they hereby are Appointed a Committee to Audit the Ac- 
counts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accounts of the 
Overseers of the Poor; and the said Committee are enjoin'd to in- 
spect every particular Account of the Monys expended for the use 
of the Almshouse ; they are also impowerd when they shall Audit 
said Accounts to allow such of the Overseers as shall advance 
Moneys for the relief of the Poor, Interest on all such Sums, from 
the Time so advanced, till they shall have Audited said Accompta 
Joseph Jackson Esq. 
John Scollay Esq. 
William Phillips Esq. 

[579.] were chose purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing 
And they are desired and impowered to give all needful di- 
rections to the Keeper of the Granary, respecting the Quantitys of 
Grain to be sold, and affixing the price thereof from Time to Time 

as occasion shall require 

Mess". Martin Gay 

David Cutler 
were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing. 

M r . Abijah Adams 

was chosen Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market for the Year ensuing. 
Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant. (Viz 1 .) " To 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1764. Ill 

consider whether they will choose a Committee to examine the Ac- 
compts of the Managers of Faneuil Hall Lotteries," 

Voted, that M r . William Greanleaffe 
William Phillips Esq. 
Royal Tyler Esq. 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee for that purpose 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant. (Viz'.) 
" Whether the Town will take on their risque such Tickets in 
Fanenil Hall Lotterys as may remain unsold on the Days that may 

be assign'd by the Managers for drawing said Lotteries " The 

Question was put accordingly Passed in the Affermative 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to the next Morning. 9 
O'clock 

Tuesday Morning. 9 O'clock Met according to Adjournment. 
William Story Esq. 
John Ruddock Esq. 

[58O.] were by a Vote of the Town added to the Committee 
Appointed by the Town, to examine the Accompts of the Managers 
of Faneuil Hall Lotteries 

The Petition of John Pigeon and others relative to Paveing part 
of Fish Street, being read Voted that the further considera- 
tion thereof be referred to the General Town Meeting to be held 
in May next 

The Selectmen were chose Surveyors of High Ways for the 

Year ensuing 

Nathaniel Thwing Esq. 
John Tuder Esq. 
were chose Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that the Assessors be and are hereby impowercd and 
directed to set for the abatement of such Taxes as they shall 
Judge reasonable on every Thursday, till the first Thursday in 
April inclusive, and no longer, saving that they be allowed to set 
the two last Weeks in November for the Abatement of the Taxes 
of such Persons as had not an opportunity of applying in the 
above limited Time, by reason of their being out of the Province, 
at which Time they are also allowed and impowerd to abate the 
Taxes of such Persons, as may have died Insolvent or become 
Bankrupts between the said last Thursday in April and the last 
Day of November. 

Voted, that the consideration of the School Masters Salarys, and 
all other Salarys and Grants be referred to next May Meeting 

[581.] Voted, that such of the Inhabitants as shall Advance 
Moneys to the Town for the use of the Almshouse on or before 
the 15 th . of April next, be and hereby are allowed after the rate of 
6 p c'. upon such Sums as they shall so advance, said Monys to 
be paid by the Collectors to the Overseers of the Poor, to be by 
them laid out in Provisions, and other Necessarys for the use afore- 
said ; and the Collectors are hereby Ordered and impowered to dis- 
count those Sums together with the allowance thereon out of the 
said Gentlemens respective Taxes for the Year 1764 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are Appointed a Com- 
mittee to Act upon the List of Jurors 



112 Cirr DOCUMENT No. 88. 

The Selectmen Reported, on the Account of M r . John Fenno 
Keeper of the Granary for the Year past, which Accompt as en- 
tred in bis Books, and on File in the Town Clerks Office was read, 
whereupon it was Voted that the same be accepted, and that M r . 
Fenno be accountable to the Town for 680 Bushels Indian Corn, 
and 60 Bushels of Eye remaining unsold amounting to 129 ,, 1 
,, 4. and also for the Sum of 250 ,, 4 ,, 574 in Cash now in his 
hands, exclusive of the Sum of 26 ,, 13 ,, 4 for his Salary and 
Assistance, as charged in his Account, which is hereby allowed 
him. 

The Committee Appointed to Examin the Accounts of the Man- 
agers of Faneuil Hall Lotteries Report that they had Exam- 
ined the Accounts of the Managers for Lotteries N. 1 & 2 and 

found the same right cast whereupon Voted that said 

Report be accepted, and that the following Sums be allowed and 

paid to said Managers in full of their Accounts Viz'. 

To Thomas Gushing Esq. - - 29 , 5 

Samuel Hews Esq. - - 27 . 6 

John Scollay Esq. - 29 \ 11 

[582.] Benjamin Austin Esq. - - 30 ' ,, 

Samuel Sewall Esq. - - 31,4,, 

M r . Sam. Phi. Savage - - 26 , 5 ,, 

Ezekiel Lewis Esq. - - 31 , 1 ,, 

The Committee appointed to Audit M r . Treasurer Jeffries Ac- 
counts of last Year, not being able to Report. Voted that it is the 
desire of the Town that they make said Report next May 
Meeting. 

The Petition of James Day, that a balance due from him to the 
Town when a Collector of Taxes may be Remitted him for reasons 
set forth in that Petion, was considered whereupon Voted that 
the Prayer of the Petion be granted, and that the balance due 
from him to the Town as set forth in said Petition, be and hereby 
is Remitted him. 

The Town having taken into consideration the Report of the 
Committee respecting Inoculation which Report was accepted and 
stands entred in these Rrcords six Pages back 

Voted, That the said Report be in part reconsidered, and that 
all Persons Inhabitants and others have free libert}* to come into 
Town and be Inoculated before the 2U h . of April next ; and that 
after that Time the Selectmen be desired to take the same Meas- 
ures for cleansing the Town of y e . Infection as were practized in 
1732 and that those Votes be published in the Boston News Papers, 
that all Persons may have notice of the Town resolutions and con- 
form themselves accordingly. 

The Committee Appointed the 24 th . of February last to examine 
the several Laws of this Province respecting Infectious Distem- 
pers Report That under the present situation and Circum- 
stances of the Town, it does not appear to them to be expedient 
to apply to [583.] The General Court for any further Act 
Which Report being read, the Question was put " Whether the 
same shall be accepted Passed in the Affermative 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted that the Town 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1764. 113 

Treasurer be and he hereby is directed to retain in his hands the 
whole of the Money lately granted the Town by the General Court, 
excepting what may be required on Account of the Small Pox, 
untill the further Order of the Town. 

Voted, that all Matters and Things that remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be and hereby are referred over to the General Town 
Meeting in May next to be then considered of and acted upon 

Voted, unanimously, That the Thanks of the Town be and 
hereby are given to James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meet- 
ing for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in publick Ton-r. 
Meeting Assembled at Fanueil Hall on Tuesday the 15th Day of 
May Anno Domini 1764. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Cooper. 

The Precept and Warrant for calling tho Meeting - - - - read. 

[584.] Sundry Laws enjoin'd to be read at this Meeting, were 

accordingly read 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. one of the Selectmen proposed in their 
Name to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the choice of 
one or more Persons to Represent them in the Great and General 
Court or Assembly to be held at Concord upon Wednesday the 
30 th . Day of May Current, and in order thereto to consider and as- 
certain the number of Gentlemen to lie Elected ; accordingly it 
was Voted to proceed to the choice of four Representatives ; and 
then it was declared by the Selectmen that no Vote will be received 
but such as are unfolded, and that they propose the Poll shal be 
closed at 12 O'Clock. 

The Votes being brought in, the number of Voters were found 
to be 449, and upon sorting them it appeard that the four follow- 
ing Gentlemen were chose Viz'. 

Royal Tyler Esq. 428 

James Otis Esq. -- 423 

Thomas Cushman Esq. -------- 373 

Oxenbridge Thacher Esq. ------- 430 

The choice of Representatives being over, and declared by tht 
Selectmen ; the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring ir 
their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, in order that tht> 
Town may proceed in transacting the other Affairs mentioned ik. 
the Warrant ; accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew and brought 
in their Votes, and upon sorting them it appear'd that the Hon ble 

Thomas Hubbard Esq. was chosen 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Boston in Towr 
Meeting Assembled May 15. 1764. 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Annual Meet- 
ing the 10 th . Day of May 1763 desiring the Selectmen to visit thi 
several publick Schools in the Town, nu(* to invite such Gentlemen 
to [585.] Accompany them therein as ney should think proper. 



114 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

and to Report thereow "We the Subscribers accordingly attend- 
ed that Service on Wednesday the 29 th . of June last, accompanyed 

by the followinging Gentlemen Viz'. 

His Excellency the Governor 
The Hon ble . John Osborn Esq. 

Thomas Hubbard Esq. 
Harrison Gray Esq. 
Thomas Hancock Esq. 
Thomas Flucker Esq. 
The Representatives of the Town 
The Overseers of the Poor. 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 
Arnold Wells Esq. 
Byfield Lyde Esq. 
Nathaniel Bethuue Esq. 
John Winthrop Esq. 
Leonard Jervis Esq. 
Benjamin Hallowell Esq. 
M r . Treasurer Jeffries 
Nicholas Boylston Esq. 
M r . James Perkins 
John Grant Esq. 
Jeremiah Green Esq. 
Mess. Thomas Gray 

Samuel Phillips Savage 
Joseph Waldo 
Jonathan Clark 
Ichabod Jones 
Edward Foster 
Samuel Downe 
Benjamin Parker 

[586.] Rev d . Samuel Checkley Jun' 

Samuel Cooper 
Andrew Elliot 
Mather Byles 
Samuel Mather 
Ebenezer Pemberton 
Samuel Checkley 
D": Jonathan Mayhew 
Charles Chansey 
Joseph Sewall 

And found the South Grammar School had 135 Scholars the 
North Grammar School 53 Scholars the North Writing School 
174 Scholars, the South Writing School 230 Scholars, the Writing 

School in Queen Street 238 Scholars, all in very good order 

JOHN SCOLLAY "j 

BENJAMIN AUSTIN - 

SAMUEL SEWALL f Scle tmen of Bos <*>n. 
NATHANIEL THWINGJ 

Voted, that the above Report be accepted, and that the 
Gentlem n the Selectmen be desired to visit the publick Schools 
the Year ensuing, and that they desire such Gentlemen to accom- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1764. 115 

pany them therein as they shall think convenient ; and that they 
Report thereon 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to 3 O'Clock P.M. 

3 O'Clock P: M: The Town Meet according to Adjournment. 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants for Paving part of 
Moon Court was read and debated, whereupon Voted that the 

same be dismissed 

[537.] The Petition of sundry Inhabitants for Paving part of 
Cambridge Street was read, and after Debate had thereon 

Voted, that the same be dismissed 

The Petition of sundry Inhabitants for paving part of Fish 
Street which was referred to this Meeting, being again read & 
considered The Question was put Whether the Prayer of 
the Petition be granted Passed in the Negative It was then 
Voted that the same be dismiss'd. 

The Petition of John Hill and Samuel Wentworth Esq. respect- 
ing the damage that part of the Neck leased to them has sustain'd 
in the late Storm was read, and after Debate had thereon 

Voted, that Deacon Jonathan Williams 
James Otis Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
Joshua Henshaw Esq. 
John Ruddock Esq. 
Nathaniel Bethune Esq. 
Henry Lo\ de Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to take this Petition into 
consideration view the Premisses take a Plan of the same 
ascertain the quantity and quality of the Lands examine the 
Expences of the Lessees, and Report as soon as may be their 
Opinion relative thereto 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred and twenty Pounds be 
allowed and paid unto M r . John Lovel for his Salary as Master of 
the South Grammar School for the ensuing Year, the same to be 
paid him quarterly as it shall become due. and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . Peleg Wiswall for his Salary as Master of the North 
Grainar [588.] School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . Samuel Holyoke for his Salar} r as Master of the Writing 
School in Queen Street for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . John Procter for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in Queen Street for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds, be allowed and 



116 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

paid unto M r . John Tileston for his Salary as Master of the North 
Writing School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration 
of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . Abia Holbrook for his Salary as Master of the 
Writing School in the Common for the ensuing Year, the same to 
be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at 
the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of bixty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . James Lovel for his Salaiy as Usher of the South Grammar 
School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him quarterly as 
it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

[589.] Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . Ephraim Langdon for his Salary as Usher of the 
North Grammar School the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration 
of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . John Vinal for his Salary as Usher of the Writing School in 
the Common for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him quarterly 
as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the 
last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Thirty four Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . John Tileston Master of the North Writing School for 
providing an Assistant the Year ensuing, the same be paid him 
quarterly, and to commence at the expiration of the last 
Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed & paid 
out of the Town Treasury unto M r . David Jeffries for his services 
as Treasurer of the Town the Year past, and for all his Expences 
in that Office. 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and hereby is directed and 
impower'd to allow the several School-Masters Interest on the 
Sums due to them from the Date of their Warrants to the Time 
of payment 

That Clause in the Warrant (Viz 1 .) " Whether Instructions shall 
** be given to the Representatives that may be chose " was read 
and after Debate had thereon, Voted, that 
Richard Dana Esq. 
M r . Samuel Adams 
John Ruddock Esq. 

[59O.] Nathaniel Bethune Esq. 

Joseph Green Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to draw up said Instruc- 
tions, and that they Report a Draft of the same at the Adjourn- 
ment of this Meeting 

Royal Tyler Esq. in the Name of the Overseers acquainted 
the Town that 1025 of the poor Inhabitants had passed through 
the Small Pox by Inoculation under their inspection and care 
a number of whom had been Inoculated, supplied with 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1764. 117 

Medicines and attended Gratis by the Physicians as follows 

Viz'. 

D r . Kast 150 

D r . Sprague 71 

D. Church & Lord 50 

D r . Roberts - 43 

D r . Jackson of P. N. Hampshire - - - 33 
D r . Sylvester Gardner - - - - - 31 
D. Gardner & Barnett - - - 27 

D r . Clark 27 

D r . John Perkins 24 

D r . Whitworth 23 

D r . Yougust - - 17 

D r . Bulfinch 16 

D r . Pecker 16 

D r . Doubt - 15 

D r . Warren 14 

D r . Loyd 7 

D r . Grozier _..----4 

D r . William Perkins 4 

D r . Pynchon - - -- - --4 

In all - - 526 

Whereupon it was Voted unanimously, that the Thanks of the 
[591.] Town be and hereby are given those Gentlemen Physicians, 
who in this Season of difficulty and distress have generously In- 
oculated and carried through the Small Pox Gratis so considerable 
a number of the poor Inhabitants 

The Town entred upon the consideration of that part of the 
Warrant which relates to the clearing of the Town of the Small 
Pox and being informed that many Persons now Inoculated and 
sick of the said Distemper do come from other Towns to this for 
that purpose 

Voted, that the Town esteem it a great grievance that such Per- 
sons obtrude themselves to perpetuate a Distemper amoug us, 
which the Town are taking every Measure to clear themselves from 
and therefore 

Voted, that the Selectmen take every legal Measure to remove 
any Persons from the Town who shall after this date obtrude 
themselves in the like manner upon the Town, and that the Names 
of such Persons who shall hereafter obtrude themselves as afore- 
said, the Towns they come from, and the Places in this Town 
where they are harboured, shall be published in the Papers, and all 
the Inhabitants are desired upon any such Persons coming into the 
Town, to give immediate notice thereof to the Selectmen 

That Clause in the Warrant (Viz 1 .) " Whether Application shall 
be made to the General Court for relief under the present dis- 
tress'd Circumstances of the Town by means of the Small Pox " 
was read and debated, whereupon Voted, that the Committee to 
draw up Instructions, have an Instruction to our Representatives, 
that they as soon as may be apply to the General Court, for such 
relief as they in their Wisdom may Judge meet 



118 CITY UOCUMENT jtfo. 88. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, the Question was put. 
(Viz 1 .) "Whether the Representatives shall be Instructed to make 
Application to the General Court the approaching Session for an 
Act to be provided [592.] Which shall impower the Selectmen 
to remove any Persons who shall presume to come from other 
Towns into this either infected with the Small Pox, or with design 
to receive the Infection Passed in the Affermative It was 
then Voted that the Committee Appointed to draw up Instructions 
to our Representatives, be desired to instruct them on this head 
accordingly. 

The Committee Appointed the 14 th . of March 1763 to examine 
the Accounts of David Jeffries Town Treasurer have attended that 
service, and find the same right cast and well vouched, in which 
he charges himself with Sundry Fines Rents and other Incomes of 
the Town as also with the Tax of 4600 all which amount to 
6960 ,, 9 ,, 9 

And the said Treasurer discharges himself by sundry abatements 
made the Collectors amounting to 971 ,, 11 ,, 6. by Drafts made 
by the Selectmen amounting to 3161 ,, 14 ,, 5J of which he has 
paid 2296 ,, 12 ,, 4, and by Drafts made by the Overseers of 
the Poor which contain the Charges of the Alms house amounting 
to 2665 ,, ,, of which he has paid 1537 ,, 3 ,, 2 the whole 
amounting to 6932 ,, 17 ,, 9|- including the Balance of Old 
Account The said Committee have inspected said Drafts in a 
very particular manner, and have examined the Vouchers produced 
by the Overseers for the amount of their Drafts and every other 
branch of publick charge all amounting as above to the Sum of 
6932 ,, 17 ,, 9 as by Account of Town Treasury in the Town 
Treasurers Books Balance whereof being 27 ,, 11 ,, ll^is car- 
ried to the C r . of new Account. 

Whicli Report and Account being read ; Voted that the same be 
and hereby is accepted 

Voted, that the Sum of Seven thousand Pounds be raised by a 
Tax upon Polls and Estates within this Town for relief of the 
Poor and defraying other necessary Charges arising within the 
Town the ensuing Year 

[593.] The Town took into consideration that Clause in the 
Warrant (Viz 4 .) " Whether a further Time shall be allowed the 
Assessors to set for the abatement of such Persons Taxes, as 
by the Small Pox have been prevented from applying in season " 
whereupon 

Voted, that the Assessors be and are hereby directed and im- 
power'd ; that fourteen Days after the Selectmen have declared 
that the Town is free from the present Infection ; they shall set 
fourteen Days longer for the Abatement of such Person's Taxes 
as had removed out of Town or were sick of the Small Pox, at 
the Time set for the Assessors to make Abatements, at the last 
March Meeting 

The Town took into consideration the Petition of M r . John Viual 
Usher to the South Writing School, that an allowance may be made 
him, in consideration of the Straits and Difficultys he has been re- 
duced to by means of the Small Pox After debate had thereon 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1764. 119 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifteen Pounds be and hereby is allowed 
the said M r . Vinal, for the reasons above mentioned ; the same to 

be paid him by a Draft on the Treasury 

That Clause in the "Warrant. (Viz 1 .) "To consider what 
Measures may be proper for the preservation of Beacon Hill." 
was read, whereupon. Voted, that 

Thomas Hancock Esq. 

William Phillips Esq. 

Joseph Sherburne Esq. 

Joshua Ilenshaw Esq. 

James Otis Esq. 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to take this Matter into 

consideration, and Report as soon as may be 

Upon Consideration of that Clause in the Warrant (Viz'.) 
" Whether any Methods shall be taken for the better regulating 
the Market, and the Land Adjacent" Voted, that the Select- 
men be desired to put [594.] Up one or more Temporary 
Barns 

Voted, That this Meeting be Adjourned to Thursday the 24 th . of 
this Instant 3 O'Clock P: M. 

Thursday May 24 th . 3 O'Clock P: M: Met According to Ad- 
journment. 

The Committee Appointed the 15 th . Instant to consider what 
Measures may be proper for the preservation of Beacon Hill 
Report That they had repaired to Beacon Hill, view'd the same 
and where of Opinion, that it is Necessary for the preservation 
thereof to have the High Way that runs between the Land of 
Thomas Hancock Esq. and the Land of M r . William Mulliueux to 
y e . Land of said Thomas Hancock on the North side of said Hill, 
and the Avenues thereto shut up and covered with proper Manure, 
and sown with Hay Seed till it is brought to a good Sword. And 
whereas the said Hill is in very great danger of being destroy'd by 
Thomas Hodson and others digging Gravel on his Lot on the North 
side of said Hill, and there is no prospect of the Towns being able 
to purchase his Laud, or to prevent his digging without the inter- 
position of the General Court; they are of Opinion that it would 
be adviseable to apply to the Assembly for an Act to prevent the 
distructiou of Beacon Hill, and that the Repi-eseutatives be In- 
structed to use their influence to procure such an Act Which 
Report being read, and debate had thereon the Question was 
put Whether the Town will accept said Report Passed in the 
Affermative 

Voted, that the Petition of John Hill & Samuel Wentworth 
Esq. relative to the damage that part of the Neck Leased to them 
has sustain'd in the late Storm, be referr'd over to next Town 
Meeting for further Consideration 

[595.] The Committee Appointed the 15 Inst 1 . to prepare 
Instructions for the Representatives, Report the following 
Draft 

Viz'. 



120 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

To Royal Tyler, James Otis, Thomas Gushing and Oxenbridge 

Thacher Esq r ". 

Gentlemen 

You being chose by the Freeholders and Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston to Represent them, in the General Assembly the ensuing 
Year, affords you the strongest Testimony of that Confidence which 
they place in your Integrity and Capasity By this choice they 
have delegated to you the power of acting in their Publick Concerns 
in general as your own prudence shall direct you, always reserving 
to themselves the Constitutional Right of expressing their Mind and 
giving you such Instruction upon particular Matters, as the}- at any 
Time shall Judge proper. 

We therefore your Constituents take this Opportunity to declare 
our Just Expectations from you 

That you will constantly use your power and influence in maintain- 
ing the invaluable Rights and Privileges of the Province, of which 
this Town is so great apart ; As well as those Rights which are derived 
to us by the Royal Charter, as those which being prior to and indepen- 
dent on it, we hold essentially as Freeborn Subjects of G'. Britain 

That you will endeavor as far as you shall be able to preserve 
that independence in the House of Representatives, which charac- 
terises a Free People, and the want of which ma}' in a great meas- 
ure prevent the happy effects of a free Government ; Cultivating 
as you shall have Opportunity, that Harmony and Union there, 
which is ever desireable to good Men when founded in Principles of 
Virtue and Publick Spirit ; and guarding against any undue weight 
which may lend to disadjust that critical Ballance upon which our 
happy Constitution and the Blessings of it do depend And for 
this purpose we particularly recommend it to you to use your en- 
deavors to have [596.] A Law passed whereby the Seats of such 
Gentlemen as shall accept of Posts of Profit from the Crown or the 
Governor while they are Members of the House shall be vacated 
agreable to an Act of the British Parliament, till their Constituents 

shall have y e . Opportunity of Re-Electing them if they please 

or of returning others in their room 

Being Members of the Legislative Body you will have a special 
regard to the Morals of this People, which are the Bases of Publick 
Happiness ; and endeavor to have such Laws made if any are still 
wanting as shall be best adapted to secure them ; And we particu- 
larly desire you carefully to look into the Laws of Excise, that if 
the Virtue of the People is endangered by the multiplicity of Oaths 
therein enjoin'd or their Trade and Business is unreasonably im- 
peded or embarrass'd thereby the grievance may be redressed 

As the preservation of Morals as well as property & right so 
much depends upon the impartial distribution of Justice agreable to 
good and wholesome Law ; and as the Judges of the Land do de- 
pend upon the Free Grant of the General Assembly for support ; it 
is incumbent upon you at all Times to give your Voice for their 
honourable maintenance so long as they having in their Minds an 
indefference to all other Affairs, shall devote themselves wholly to 
the duties of their own Department, & the further study of the 
Law, by which their Customs Precedents Proceedings and Deter- 
minations are adjusted and limited. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1764. 121 

You will remember that this Province has been at very great 
Expence in carrying on the late Warr, and that it still ly under a 
very grievous burden of Debt, you will therefore use y<ur utmost 
endeavor to promote Publick frugality as one Means to lessen the 
Publick Debt, and we recommend as worthy your particular atten- 
tion, whether any Expt-nces can now be necessary to maintain the 
Garrison service on [597.] Our Eastern Frontier; considering 
that we are now in a state of profound peace : Our French Enemy;) 
being totally subdued, and there being hardly any remains of the 
Indian Tribes ever again to anoy us 

You will Joyn in any Proposals t tat may be made for the bettor 
Cultivating the Lands & improving tlie Husbandry of this Prov- 
ince : And as you Represent a Town which lives by its Trade we 
expect in a very particular manner that you make it the Object of 
your attention to support our Commerce in all its Just Rights, to 
vindicate it from all unreasonable Impositions and promote its 
prosperity. Our Trade has for a long Time laboured under great 
Discouragements, and it is with the deepest concern that we see 
such further Ditficultys coming upon it, as will reduce it to the 
lowest Ebb, if not totally obstruct and ruin it. We cannot help 
expressing our surprize, that when so early notice was given by the 
Agent of the intention of the Ministry to burthen us with new Taxes, 
so little regard was had to this most interesting Matter, that the 
Court was not even called together to consult about it till the latter 
end of the Year, the consequence of which was, that Instructions 
could not be sent to the Agent, though solisited by him, till the 
Evil had got beyond an easy remedie, there is now no room for 
further delay ; We therefore expect that you will use your earliest 
endeavors in the General Assembly that such Methods may be 
taken as will effectually prevent their proceedings against us. By 
a proper Representation we apprehend it may easily be made to 
appear that such severtys will prove detrimental to Great Britain 
itself, upon which Account we have reason to hope that an Appli- 
cation even for a repeal of the Act, should it be already passed 
will be successfull. It is the Trade of the Collonys that render 
them beneficial to their Mother Country : Our Trade as it is now 
and always has been conducted centers in Great Britain, and in 
return for her Manufactures affords her more ready Cash, beyond 
any Comparison, that can possibly be expected by the most san- 
guine promoters of these [598.] Extraordinary Methods. We 
are in short ultimately yielding large supplys to the Revenues of 
the Mother Country while we are labouring for a very moderate 
Subsistence for ourselves. But if our Trade is to be curtail'd in 
its most valuable branches, & burdens beyond possible bearings, 
laid upon that which is suffcr'd to remain, we shall so far be able 
to take off the Manufactures of Great Britain, that it will be scarce 
possible for U3 to earn our Bread. But what still hightens our 
Apprehensions is that those unexpected proceedings may be pre- 
paritory to new Taxations upon us ; For if our Trade may be 
taxed why not our Lands? Why not the produce of our Lands 
and every Thing we possess or make use of? This we apprehend 
annihilates our Charter Right to Govern and Tax ourselves 



122 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

It strikes at our British Privileges which as we have never for- 
feited them we hold in common with our Fellow Subjects who are 
Natives of Britain : If Taxes are laid upon us in any shape with- 
out ever having a Legal Representation where the}- are laid, are 
we not reduced from the Character of Free Subjects to the miser- 
able state of tributary Slaves 

We therefore earnestly recommend it to you to use your utmost 
endeavors, to obtain in the General Assembly all necessary In- 
structions and advice to our Agent at this most critical Juncture 
that while he is setting forth the unshaken Loyalty of this Prov- 
ince and this Town its unrivalled Exertions in supporting His 

Majestys Government and Rights in this part of his Dominion 
its acknowledged Dependnuce upon and Subordination to Great 
Britain and the ready submission of its Merchants to all Just and 
necessary Regulations of Trade, he may be able in the most hum- 
ble and pressing manner to remonstrate for us all those Rights and 
Privileges which Justly belong to us either by Charter or Birth. 

As his Majestys other Northern American Colonys are ernbark'd 
with us in this most important Bottom, we further desire you to use 
your Endeavors, that their weight may be added [599.] To that 
of this Province ; that by the united Applications of all who are 

Aggrieved, All may happily obtain Redress 

All which is submitted & 

By Order of the Committee 

RICHARD DANA 

The foregoing Report having been read several Times, and De- 
bate had thereon the Question was put Whether the Town 

will accept of said Draft of Instructions Passed in the Afferma- 
tive 

The Committee do further Report the following Votes 

Whereas it hath pleased Almighty God to permit the Small Pox 
to prevail in this Town, whereby the Inhabitants have been great 
Sufferers, as well by the extraordinary Expence it hath Occasioned, 
as by loss of Business ; therefore Voted that the Representatives 
be desired in behalf of the Town humbly to move that the Gen- 
eral Assembly would afford us such relief under our distress as 
they in their great Goodness shall think proper 

Whereas it is conceived that the Selectmen of the Town are not 
sufficiently impower'd by the Laws already in being to take such 
steps as may be necessary to prevent the Inhabitants of other 
Towns from bringing and spreading Infectious Distempers amongst 
us ; therefore Voted that the Representatives be desired to use 
their Endeavors to obtain such additional Power to be given to the 
Selectmen as the General Assembly in their Wisdom shall think 
proper to Invest them with 

The above Report having been read The Question was put 
Whether the Town will accept thereof Passed in y e . 



Affermative. 

Voted, that all Matters and Things that remain unfinished at 
this Meeting, be and hereby are referred over to the next General 
Town Meeting 

[6OO.] Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 17G4. 123 

are given to the Honorable Thomas Hubbard Esq. the Moderator 

of this Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in Publick Town Meet- 
ing Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 24 th . Day of May 
Anno Domini 1764 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - - was read. 

James Otis Esq r . was chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote 

The Petitition of a considerable number of Inhabitants that the 
sense of the Town may be known respecting Inoculating at Nod- 
dles Island : And that such steps may be taken as will effectually 
prevent any Inoculating Hospitals being Erected in this Town, or 
the Limits of it was read Also Letters from the Selectmen of 
Chelsea, and the Doctors Perkins and Loyd 

And after the Debate had thereon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to withdraw their leave of 
Inoculating at Noddles Island, and that the Hospital there be discon- 
tinued ; And that the Town allow of no Inoculating Hospital within 
the Limits and Confines of the Town of Boston 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjournd to Monday next 3 o'Cl. 
P.M. 

[6O1.] Voted, that the Notifications of the Adjournment be 
printed and dispers'd among the Inhabitants 

Monday May 28 th . 3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

The Committee Appointed the 24 th . Instant to take into con- 
sideration the Petition of John Hill and Samuel Wentworth Esq 1 * 

Reported which Report being again read and debate had 

thereon the Question was put k ' Whether the Town will accept 

of said Report Passed in the Negative 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, That the Select- 
men be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to treat with the 
Lessees of the Land on each side of the Neck, and Report the 
Terms upon which they will give up their Lessees as soon as may 
be 

The Committee upon the Clause in the Warrant Viz'. To 

consider whether anymore effectual Measures shall be taken for the 

preventing Chimnies so frequently taken Fire Report, That 

the Town may be effectually secured from danger by Chimnies 
taking Fire, by force of a By Law now in being, if duly executed ; 
by which the Selectmen are impowerd to appoint one or more suit- 
able Persons to sweep the Chimnies within the Town 

That in Order to put said Law into execution, it is necessary to 
make it the Business of some particular Person, who should be 
Obliged and suitably encouraged thereto 

And whereas it appears that the sweeping of the Chimnies of the 
Town duly at the Rates fixed in said By Law, may afford a very 



124 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

profitable living to any Person,, who should have an exclusive right 
to the same ; the Committee are therefore of Opinion that the whole 
benefit thereof be offer'd to Sale : And that the Person who shall 
bid the most be [6O2.] Appointed by the Selectmen solely to do 
said Business : The Undertaker giving Bond wilh sufficient Sureties, 
for the faithful discharge of his duty, and to be subject to the fol- 
lowing Conditions 

First, That he shall not demand of any Householder to sweep 
his Chimnie at any other Time, but from One Hour after Sun Rise 
to 11 O'Clock A : M : and from 2 O'clock P : M : to Sunset. And 
that his Wages for Sweeping shall not exceed the Rates fixed in 
said By-Law. 

Secondly, that he shall sweep the Chimney of every Kitchen or 
Room where Victuals are usually cook'd, five Times and every 
other Chimney where Fire is commonly kept, twice in the Year 

Thirdly, that he shall constantly keep in the Business at his own 
Expence not less than four able Bodied and faithful Men in the 
Judgement of the Selectmen : And if at any Time he shall be 
deficient herein, the Selectmen shall Appoint Men in their room, 
who shall have the right and benefit of sweeping at the Rates 
aforesaid, till he hath supply'd his number as aforesaid 

Fourthly, That he shall keep a true Account of the number of 
Funnells he shall sweep, and the Names of the Persons severally 
Occupying the Tenements which he shall lay before the Selectmen 
Quarterly, and upon Oath with regard to the whole at the end of 
y e . Year if required 

The Committee are further of Opinion, that all Fines recover'd 
of any Householder by virtue of said By-Law, shall be for the 
sole benefit of the Person or Persons Appointed by the Selectmen, 

and for his further Encouragement 

All which is submitted 

JOSHUA HENSHAW. $> Order. 

The above Report having been read several Times, and debate 
had thereon the Question was put "Whether the Town will 
accept thereof Passed in the Affermative 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are Appointed [6O3.J 
A Committee to carry into Execution the Report of the Committee 
relative to Beacon Hill so far as relates to shutting up the Pas- 
sages, Sowing the Ground with Hay Seed & c 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Constable in the room 
of Samuel McClure who had declined serving, when it appear'd 
that Stephen Symins was chosen into that Office 

Voted, That all Matters and Things that remain unfinished at 
this Meeting, be and hereby are referred over to the next General 
Town Meeting 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for dispatching 
the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in Public Town Meet- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1764. 125 

ing Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 6 th . Day of June 
Anno Dom. 1764. 

Prayer was made by the Rcv d . M r . Pemberton. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

The Precept for Choosing one Representative in the room 
[604.] Of tlie Hon b!e . Royal Tyler Esq. lately chosen into his 
Majestys Council - - - - was read. 

Voted, That the Town will proceed to the choice of a suitable 
Person to Represent them at the Great and General Court the 
remaining part of this Year in the room of the Honourable Royal 
Tyler Esq. 

The Selectmen having declared to the Inhabitants that the Poll 
would be closed at 12 O Clock. The Inhabitants withdrew and 
brought in their Votes for a Representative and upon counting & 
sorting of them it appear'd that there was no choice The In- 
habitants were desired to withdraw again, and bring in their Votes 
which being accordingly done, it was found that the number of 
Voters were 527. and that M r . Thomas Gray had 352 Votes ; 
Whereupon it was declared by the Selectmen that said M r . Gray 
was duly Elected. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town legally qualified in Publick Town Meeting Assembled at 
Faneuil Hall on Monday the 13 th . Day of August Anno Dom. 
1764. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting was read, as also the Con- 
stables Return on said Warrant, signed by each Constable and 
setting forth that they had legally warned all the Inhabitants of 
their respective Wards of the present Meeting ; but notwithstand- 
ing said [6O5.] Return it was made appear, that some of them 
had neglected to warn great numbers of the Inhabitants who were 
qualified as the Law directs : As in consequence of this neglect, the 
Town could not proceed legally on the Business of the Warrant. 

The Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in Publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 16 th . Day of 
August Anno Dom. 17G4. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote 

The Petition of a number of a numberof the Inhabitants respect- 
ing M r . James Lovel Usher of the South Grammar School 
read. 

The Proposals of Samuel Wentworth Esq. relative to the Lands 
on Boston Neck, together with the Report of the Committee on that 
affair, were read ; After debate had thereon, the following Question 



126 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

was put Whether the said Report be Recommitted Passed in 
y e . Affermative. 

Moved and seconded, that the Committee relative to Boston 
Neck be desired to Report next March Meeting the Terms upon 
which John Hill and Samuel Wentworth Esq. will give up their 
Leases of the Land on each side of the Neck, and the Question 
being accordingly [606. ] Put Passed in the Negative 
It was then Voted that the Committee be desired to Report the 
same next Town Meeting. 

The Petition of a number of the Inhabitants representing, that 
M r . James Lovell Usher of the South Grammar School is about 
leaving the Town for want of a competent support : And there- 
fore praying that some Measures may be taken, by raising his 
Salary, or otherwise, to retain in the service of the Town a Person 
so well qualified for the Education of Youth, was considered, and 
a Motion made thereon ; that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be given 
M r . James Lovel as a Gratuity for his services the present Year, 
and as an encouragement to remain in the service of y e Town The 

Question being accordingly put Passed in y e Affermative 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz 4 ) "To determine what steps 
shall be taken in order to comply with the Condition upon which 
the late Hon ble Thomas Hancock Esq. has left a Legacy to the 
Town of Boston towards Erecting a House for the reception of 
such unhappy Persons as it shall please God in his Providence to 
deprive of their Reason was considered & thereupon 
Voted, That James Otis Esq. 

John Rowe Esq. 
The Hon ble Royal Tyler Esq. 

Ezek 1 Goldthwait Esq. 
The Hon ble Thomas Flucker Esq. 

Nathaniel Bethune Esq. 

Samuel Sewall Esq. 

John Ruddock Esq. 

John Barrett Esq. 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to take this Matter into 
consideration and Report the next Town Meeting what they ap- 
prehend best for the Town to do thereon It was further [6O7] 
Voted, That said Committee be desired to take into Consideration 
and Report at the same Time what they apprehend the most suit- 
able Method in which the Town may testifie the sense they have 
of the goodness of that Hon ble Gentleman expressed by so truly 

Charitable and important a Donation 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting, for dispatching 

the Business thereof. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in Publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 24 th Day of 
Septem r Anno Domini 1764. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1764. 127 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

The Hon ble Thomas Hubbard Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, but as he could not attend by reason of a great Cold, the 
Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for another Moderator & 
upon sorting them it appeard, that the llon ble Andrew Oliver Esq. 
was chosen. 

The Selectmen a Committee relative to Land on Boston [6O8.] 
Neck Report That agreable to a Vote of the Town at their 
Meeting the 13 th of August last they had received Proposals from 
Coll John Hill and Samuel Wentworth Esq. in writing, which they 

lay before the Town for their Consideration 

M r Hills Proposal is as follows 

To the Selectmen of the Town of Boston. 
Gentlemen 

As the Town of Boston at their last Meeting 
Voted, That you the Selectmen be desired '/) know of Mess 
Wentworth and Hill, what Sum they will quit their Leases of 
Boston Neck for, and to Report the same at next Town Meeting 
the Sum I would quit my Lease for is Four hundred Pounds 
lawful Money, and if the Town please to accept thereof I oblige 
myself to give up the Leases 

Boston Septem 1 16. 17G4. 

JOHN HILL 

M r Hills Proposal having been read and debate had thereon, the 
Question was put (Viz 1 ) Whether the Town will accept of Coll 
Hills Lease upon the Terms he has proposed Passed in the 
Negative 



M* Wentworths Proposal was as follows 

To the Selectmen of the Town of Boston 

Gentlemen 

In consequence of our repeated Conferences 
relating my Lease from the Town of Land on Boston Neck, have 
concluded if Town will please to condescend to pay me Five hun- 
dred Pounds, and Vote the same at the ensuing Town Meeting, to 
give up my Lease Boston Sep r 12. 1764. 

SAMUEL WENTWORTH 

M r Wentworths Proposal having been read and debate had 
thereon the Question was put Viz 1 . "Whether the Town 
will accept of M r Wentworths Lease upon the Terms [6O9.] He 
has proposed to deliver up the same 

Passed in the Affermative. 

The Town having taken into consideration what would be the 
best Method for raising the Five hundred Pounds now granted 
Samuel Wentworth Esq. for the surrender of his Lease of Lands 
on Boston Neck It was Voted, That the Sum of Five hundred 
Pounds granted as aforesaid be added to the next Tax Bill that 
goes out. 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz 1 ) " To consider what is nec- 
essary for the Town to do on the Land on Boston Neck " was 
debated whereipon Voted, That the Selectmen be desired to 
receive Proposals from any Persons who may incline to make them, 



128 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

relative to Repairing, Leasing or Purchasing the Lands, lately 
Leased to Samuel Wentworth Esq. whose Lease is now purchased 
by the Town : And that they Report the same 

That Article in the Warrant. (Viz'.) "To cnoose a Meet Per- 
son or Persons as Agents or Attorneys to prosecute for or defend 
the Town in such Cases wherein there is not yet any Person 
or Persons legally vested with Authority for that purpose" 
was considered ; and the Question then put Whether any Agent 
or Agents shall now be chosen Passed in the Affermative It 
wns further Voted that the Selectmen be and hereby are Appointed 
Agents for the Town, for the purposes mentioned in said Article 
of the Warrant 

The Town having been served with a Copy of the Petition which 
Benjamin Hallowell Esq. has presented the Great and General 
Court, for an alteration of the run of Bread Street & c the same 
was read, and after Debate had thereon, it was Voted that the 
Selectmen be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to take that 
Matter under consideration, and Report at the Adjournment of 
this Meeting. 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to Tuesday the ninth 
[61O.] Day of October next 10 O'Clock, A : M : 

Tuesday the 9 th of October 10 O'Clock A : M : Met according 
to Adjournment 

The Selectmen a Committee Appointed the 24 th of Septem r last, 
to consider the Petition of Benjamin Hallowell Esq. to the General 
Court praying that Bread Street should cross Milk Street, and be 
continued up to his House & c Report They have made all 
necessary enquiry into the Matter of it, and find that the present 
Street from Milk Street leading along said Hallowells Ship Yard 
into that part of Battery March Street which runs from Hallowells 
House to M r Peck's, if enlarged according to the intention of the 
Committee of the General Court will be detrimental to said Hal- 
lowell, as he sets forth in his Petition, and that the Street which 
said Hallowell proposes, if it be run according to the Plan here- 
with exhibited, will accommodate the Town as well or better 
than the Street as it now runs : Therefore they advise the Town 
not to oppose the same : But by way of answer to said Peti- 
tion, they would propose all proper cautions might be suggested, 
that the Proprietors of private property, who are thereby endam- 
aged, may be reasonably indemnified : That the Terms engaged in 
his Petition be fully complied with ; and that he further engage to 
return the southerly end of the proposed Street full forty feet wide 
into that part of Battery March Street which leads from his 
House to M r Pecks Corner at his own cost Also that he make 
the whole of said new Street ; and the return above mentioned 
passable for Carriages, and take up the Pavement in the Old 
Street and deliver the Stones on the Spot towards paving the new 
Street at his own Charge. On such Terms the Select-Men appre- 
hend it for the Interest of the Town to consent, that said Hallowell 
should have the right to all that part of Battery March Street from 
the South side of Milk Street leading along said [611.] Hallowells 
Ship Yard to the North side of Battery March Street which runs 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1764. 129 

East from said Hallowells House to M r Peeks Corner ; preserving 
Milk Street Forty feet wide down to the North East Corner of that 
part of Battery March Street which runs along said Hallowells 
Ship Yard, where Milk Street, was said Battery March Street now 
run according to the projection of the above mentioned Committee, 
would have been bounded by M r Hallowells Ship Yard and the 
Town Slip which runs in breadth fifteen feet down to the Sea from 
the bottom of Milk Street Which Report being rend and debate 
had thereon The Question was put Whether the Town will 
accept said Report Passed in the Affermativc. 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to draw up an 
answer to M r Hallowells Petition agreeable to said Reports and 
that they Annex a Plan of the Land, and a Copy of the Report to 
their answer 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Honorable Andrew Oliver Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting 
for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday 24 th of December 
A D. 1764. 

[612.] The Warrant for calling the Meeting . . . read. 

The Hon ble Thomas Hubbard Esq. was chosen Moderator by a 
Hand Vote 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for a Collector of Taxes 
for the present Year in the room of Gyles Harris Esq. who has 
resigned, and upon sorting them it appeard that there was no 
choice The Inhabitants then withdrew and brought in their 
Votes again for a Collector when M r Sampson Salter was chosen a 
Collector of Taxes for the present Year 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Honourable Thomas Hubbard Esq. the Moderator of this 
Meeting, for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



[613.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in pub- 
lick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 1 1 th 
Day of March Anno Domini. 176;") 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . Samuel Checkley Jun r . 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting . . . read 



Sundry Laws enjoined to be read at this Meeting were accord- 
ingly read 

The Honourable James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting and took the Oaths respecting the paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the Governments, of Connecticut New Hampshire 
and Rhode Island, as required by an Act of this Province 



130 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted, it appeard that 

Joshua Henshaw 

Joseph Jackson 

Benjamin Austin 

Samuel Sewall 

Nathaniel Thwing 

John Ruddock 

John Hancock . . Esq. 

were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing 

John Scollay Esq. one of the late Selectmen, before the above 
choice desired the Moderator to acquaint the Town that he was 
highly obliged to them for the Honor done him in choosing him a 
Selectman for Eleven Years successively ; but that his Affairs not 
permitting him to serve any longer in that Office, he was desirous 

that his Name might not be put into new List 

[614.] Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be 
and hereby are given to the said John Scollay Esq. for his faithful 

services as a Selectman a number of Years past 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Overseers of the 
Poor, and upon sorting them it appeard that 

John Barratt Esq. 

The Hon ble . Royal Tyler Esql 

M r . Benjamin Dolbear 

Isaac Smith Esq. 

M r . Jonathan Mason 

M r . Henry Bromfield 

Meletiah Bourn Esq. 

Joseph Gardner Esq. 

M r . William Whitwell 

Cap*. Benjamin Hammatt 

M r . Henderson Inches 

M r . Ebenezcr Storer 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing, and took 

the Oaths required by Law 

Upon a Motion made and seconded it was Voted That it be 
determined by Yea's and Nay's at 4 O'Clock Afternoon Whether 
the Town will choose any Person to serve in the Office of Wardens 

the Year ensuing 

Voted, That this Meeting be Adjourned to 3 O'Clock 
P : M : 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournm* 

The Votes were brought in for Town Treasurer, and upon sort- 
ing them it appeard that M r . David Jeffries was chosen and having 
taken the Oath relating to his paying and receiving Bills of Credit 
of the other Governments, took the Oath of Office for the faithful 
discharge of his duty, which Oaths were Administred [615.] To 
him by Richard Dana Esq. 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Clerks of the Mar- 
ket, and upon sorting them it appeared that 

Mess. Benjamin Edes 
Edward Walker 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1764. 131 

John Cunningham 
Thomas Brown 
Ezra Collins 

Joseph Tyler (all sworn) 

Edward Blanchard 
Edward Jackson 
Caleb Blanchard 
William Bant 
Joseph Henderson 
James Perkins 
were chose Clerks of the Market, for the Year ensuing 



The Town having determined that the Question agreed upon in 
the Forenoon to be put Viz'. "Whether the Town will 
choose Wardens for the Year ensuing " shall be desided by Yea's 
and Nay's the Votes were accordingly brought in when it appeard 
that there were 715 Votes. 437 whereof were Yeas and 278 

Nays 

The Inhabitants having been ordered to withdraw and bring in 
their Votes for Twelve Wardens ; a referrence was called for 
whereupon the Question was put " Whether the choice of 

Wardens shall now come on Passed in the Affermative 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Wardens, and upon 
sorting them it appeard, that 

M r . John Winslow 

Deacon Benjamin Church 

Cap'. Hopestill Foster 

Richard Boynton Esq. 

M r . Thomas Waldo 

M r . Samuel Whitwell 
[616.] M r . James Richardson 

M r . Francis Shaw 

Deacon Jonathan Brown 

M r . Alexander Hill 

M r . Thomas Crafts 

M r . Nathaniel Appleton 
were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing- 



Adjourned to Tuesday the 12 Instant 9 O'Clock Before 
Noon 



Tuesday Morning 9 O'Clock The Town Met according to Ad- 
journment 

The Inhabitants withdrew and brought in their Votes for Seven 
Assessors, and upon sorting them it appeared that 
Mess. William Fairfield 

John Kneeland - ... Sworn 
Benjamin Church d. 

Belcher Noyes Esq d. 

William Torrey d. 

John Greenough excused 

Samuel Downe ----- d. 
were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing 



132 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

M r . John Gray was chosen Surveyor of Hemp for the Year en- 
suing 

Mess. William Nichols - - sworn 

Clement Collins ... d. 

Jacob Thayer - - d. 

Joseph Edmunds - - d. 

John Greenough - - d. 

Isaac Vergoose ----- d. 

Henry Allen - d. 

John Sergeant - d. 

[617.] Richard Walker - - Sworn 

Andrew Symms ... - d. 

William Payne - d. 

Samuel Dyer - - Excused 

were chose Surveyors of Boards and Shingles for the Year en- 
suing. 

Mess. Obediah Low ----- Sworn 

Henry Allen ------ d. 

Samuel Dyer - d. 

John Dyer d. 

Benjamin Andrew Esq - - - d. 

Onesip" Tileston Esq - - - - Excused 

were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing 

Mess Samuel Bangs 

William Andrews 
Isaac Bird 
William Scott 
Ebenezer Mclntosh 

were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing 

Mess Nathaniel Gardner 
Samuel Whitwell 

were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing 

Mess Peter Cotta - ... Sworn 

Manasseh Masters d. 

Joseph Dyer ----- d. 
John Harskins - - - - 
David Spear . _ - - 
Nathan Spear 
Jonathan Jenkins 
Samuel Treat 
Robert Breck Jun r 

Job Wheelwright - Sworn 

Joshua Pico - 
[618.] Mess Benjamin Salt ... - Sworn 

Paul Baxter d. 

John Owen ----- d. 
Thomas Knox d. 

Samuel White d. 

Edward Cowell d. 

Edward Potter d. 

Peter Ellis d. 

Timothy Pease d. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1764. 133 

Robert Treat d. 

were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing 

Mess David Simons - - Sworn 

Thomas Curtis ----- d. 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing 

M r . Edward Curtis d. 

was chosen Hay ward for the Year eiisuing 

Mess" David Wheeler - - Sworn 

Alexander Edwards 

Benjamin Wheeler d. 

Levy Jennings d. 

Robert Hews d. 

Thomas Parker 
William Daws 
Thomas Hitchburne 

Edward Winter .... - d. 

Joseph Nowell d. 

Elias Thomas Jun r d. 

Richard Salter d. 

were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted that 
John Ruddock 
Thomas Marshall 
Foster Hutchinson. Esq. 

[619. J Be and hereby are appointed a Committee to consider 
what further provision is necessary to support the Scavingers in 
a due Execution of their Office and that they Report next May 

Meeting 

Voted, that the Sum of Five Pounds be remitted out of the 
Ten Pound Fine, to such Persons as shall be chose into the 
Office of Constable for the Year ensuing, and shall decline 

serving 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Constables; the 

Persons chose into that Office and sworn are 

Mess rs Augustus Hail 

Nathaniel Thayer 
Francis Salmon 
Hezekiah Usher 
John Down 
Samuel Harris 
James Thomas 
Benjamin Clarke 
Joseph Foye 
Benjamin Barbour 
Edward Baker 
Elisha Byles 

M r . Henry Bromfield chosen an Overseer of the Poor for the 
Year ensuing, having acquainted the Town that he could not 
serve them in that capasity, as he was soon to remove from this 
Place - Voted unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be 
and hereby are given to the said M r . Bromfleld for his faithful 
services as an Overseer a number of Years past 



134 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

John A very Esq. 
was chosen an Overseer of the Poor in the room of M r Henry Brom- 

field who has resigned 

62O. Voted, that Thomas Gushing Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
Foster Hutchinson Esq. 
M r Edward Payne 
William Phillips Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to draw up a Vote re- 
specting the payment of the Collectors Premium & c to Report as 

soon as may be 

Upon a Motion made and seconded the Question was put 
Whether Constables and Collectors shall be chose sepperate 
Passed in the Affermative It was then moved and the Ques- 
tion accordingly put " Whether Six Collectors of Taxes shall 
be chose for the Year ensuing Passed in the Negative 
Agreable to a Report of the Committee respecting the payment 

of the Collectors Premium 

Voted, That the Sum of Six Pence on the Pound be & hereby is 
allowed to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of Taxes for 
the Year ensuing, for all such Sums, as they shall Collect, and 
that the further Sum of Three Pence on the Pound be allowed to 
said Collectors, for all such Sums as they shall Collect, provided 
they pay into the Province Town and County Treasuries one half 
of the whole Sum they are obliged to pay them respectively within 
Six Months from the Time they receive the Tax Books from the 
Assessors, and the remainder in Six Months after, and provided 
also that each of the said Collectors give Bond with sufficient 
Sureties to the satisfaction of the Select Men for the faithful dis- 
charge of their Duty in said Office 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Four Collectors of 

Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeared that 

Jonathan Payson Esq. 

M r Samuel Adams -------- declines 

M r John Grant -- -- refuses 

M r Sampson Salter 

were chose into that Office 

[631.] Voted that Thomas Gushing Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
Foster Hutchinson Esq. 
M r Edward Payne 
William Phillips Esq. 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to Examine the State ol 
the Town Treasury, and enquire into the Expences of the Town 
and whether any Savings can be made ; as also to consider what 
Sum of Money it may be necessary to raise to defrey the Charges 
of the Town the ensuing Year ; and that they Report at May Meet- 
ing 

The Town brought in their Votes for Sixteen Fire- Wards and 
upon sorting them it appeared that. 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 

The Hou ble Royal Tyler Esq. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1764. 135 

Newman Grenough Esq. 

Cap' Solomon Davis 

M r William Cooper 

M r Samuel Austin 

M r Joseph Jackson 

John Rowe Esq. 

M r John Mico Wendell 

Thomas Marshall Esq. 

William Holmes Esq. 

M r Joseph Tyler 

M r Jonathan Williams 

M r Timothy Fitch 

Cap* Adino Paddock 

M r James Richardson 
were chose into that Office for the Year ensuing - 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to John Scollay Esq. and M r Henderson Inches for their faithful 
discharge of the Duty of Fire- Wards, a number of Years past. 
Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P : M : 



3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment. 

John Ruddock Esq. 

William Story Esq. .... Sworn 

M r William Torrey 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 

Samuel Sewall Esq. d 

John Hancock Esq. 

M r Ezekiel Price d 

were chose Surveyors of High Ways for the Year ensuing. 

That Article in the Warrant, Viz' " Whether any Measures shall 
be taken for the better regulation of the Grist Mills " was con- 
sidered ; whereupon Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are 
appointed a Committee to draw up a Bill for the better regulation 
of the Grist Mills ; and that they lay the same before the Town 
next May Meeting - 

The Selectmen were desired to examine the Records respecting 
the Titles of the Land Stream & c and that they Report their 
Opinion at said Meeting - 

The Selectmen Reported on the Account of M r John Fenno 
Keeper of the Granary for the Year past, which Account as entred 
in his Books (and on File in the Town Clerks Office) was read ; 
whereupon it was Voted that the same be accepted, and that M* 
Fenno be accountable to the Town for 176 Bushels of Indian Corn 
and 70 Bushels of Rye remaining unsold amounting to 44 ,, 10/ 
and also for the Sum of 283 ,, 1 ,, 2 ,, Cash now in his hands 
exclusive of the Sum of 26 ,, 13 ,, 4 for his Salary & Assistance, 
as charged in his Account - 

Coll Joseph Jackson Esq. 
William Phillips Esq. 
John Leveret Esq. 

were chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing ; and they 
[623.] Are desired and Impo\vered to give all needful directions 
to the Keeper of the Granary respecting the Quantitys of Grain to 



136 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

be sold and Affixing the price thereof from Time to Time as occa- 
sion shall require 

Voted, that Mess. Thomas Gray 
Ezekiel Price 
William Greenleaff 
William Coffin 
Edward Payne 

be and they hereby are Appointed a Committee to Audit the Ac- 
counts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accounts of the 
Overseers of the Poor, and the said Committee are enjoin'd to 
Inspect every particular Account of the Moneys expended for the 
use of the Almshouse ; they are also impowered when they shall 
Audit said Accounts to allow such of the Overseers as shall 
Advance Monys for the Eelief of the Poor Interest on all such 
Sums from the Time so advanced, till they shall have Audited said 

Accounts 

Mess Martyn Gay 
John Skinner 

were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing. 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant Viz*. 
" Whether a Committee shall be chosen to Examine the Accompts 

of the Managers of Faneuil Hall Lotteries " 

Voted that William Phillips Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
Isaac Smith Esq. 
M r . Edward Payne 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee for that purpose. 
John Tuder Esq. 
M r Joseph Man 

were chose Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing 

[624.] Voted, that the Consideration of Schoolmasters 
Salarys, and all other Salarys and Grants be referred to next May 

Meeting 

Voted, that James Beauteneau Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
Thomas Flucker Esq. 
M r . Thomas Gray 

be and hereby are added to the Committee Appointed to Exam- 
ine into the Expences of the Town & c . 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to Act upon the List of Jurors 

That Article in the Warrant. Viz'. " To Consider the Terms upon 
which John Hill Esq. will give up to the Town his Lease of the 
Lands upon Boston Neck " was read and debated where- 
upon Voted that the Sum of Three hundred Pounds lawful 
Money be and hereby is Granted unto the said John Hill 
Esq. upon C'ondition of his delivering up his Leases and put- 
ting the Town in possession of said Premisses on or before the 
25 th . of March Instf. And that the Three hundred Pounds 
granted as aforesaid be added to the next Tax that shall issue It 
was further Voted that the Selectmen be desired upon receiving 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1764. 137 

Coll Hills Leases to Rent or again Lease out those Lands, as 
shall appear to them most for the Interest of the Town. 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To consider the Proposals 
of M r . James Bryant relating to the Towns Lands on the .North 
side of the Neck " was read whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to Act thereon and in all 
Things relative to the Lands & c . on Boston Neck as they shall 
Judge most advantageous for the Town 

The Petition of a number of Proprietors & Inhabitants [625.] 
In and near Long Lane " That a further Allowance may he made 
them towards defreying the Charge of Paving said Lane " was 
read and debated whereupon Voted that the Sum of Twenty 
five Pounds be and hereby is Granted the Proprietors of Long 
Lane for the purpose aforesaid 

That Article in the Warrant Viz* "What Methods shall be 
taken for the Repairing of the Towns Warehouse opposite the 
Golden Ball " was considered, whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to make an Estimate of 
the Cost of Repairing the Towns Warehouse opposite the Golden 
Ball, and that the}' insert the following Article in the Warrant for 
the next General Town Meeting Viz'. "To consider 
" whether the Towns Warehouse opposite the Golden Ball shall 
"be Repaired or sold for the most it will fetch" It was 
further Voted that the Selectmen be desired in the mean Time 
to receive Proposals from any Persons disposed to make them 
relative to the Purchase of said Warehouse, and also the Store 
Adjoining 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'. " That the Sense of the 
Town may be taken respecting a Bill now pending in the General 
Court relative to Erecting Wooden Buildings, & c in the Town of 
Boston," was read and considered whereupon Voted, that the 
further Consideration thereof be referred to the General Town 
Meeting in Mny next, and that in the interem the substance of 
said Bill be printed and distributed among the Inhabitants 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants for widening Jolifls 
Lane was read, and after considerable debate Voted that the same 
be dismissed 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are impowered and 
directed to set for the abatement of such Taxes as they shall 
Judge reasonable on every Thursday till the first Thursday in 
April inclusive and no longer saving that they be allowed to set 
the two lust Weeks in November, for the abatement of the Taxes 
of such Persons as had not an opportunity of applying on the 
above limitted Time, by reason of their [626] Being out of the 
Province ; at which Time they are also allowed and Impowered to 
Abate the Taxes of such Persons as may have died Insolvent or 
become Bankrupts between the said List Thursday in April and 
the List Day of November 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday the 25 th of 
this Instant 9 O'CLock Bolbre Noon 

Monday the 2.3 th of March 9 O'Clock A : M: Met according to 
Adjournment 



138 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

The Committee Appointed the 12 th of March last to Examine 
the Accounts of David Jeffries Town Treasurer have attended that 
Service and find the same right cast and well Vouched, in which 
he Charges himself with sundry Fines Rents and other Incomes 
of the Town ; as also with the Tax of 7000 ,, ,, also with 
the Sum of Three thousand Pounds received of Harrison Gray 
Esq. Province Treasurer all which amount to the Sum of 14480 ,, 
8 ,, 5% including 3500 ,, ,, lent by the Province to the 
Town 1757 

And the said Treasurer discharges himself by sundry Abate- 
ments made the Collectors amounting to 589 ,, 3 ,, 5^- by Drafts 
made by the Selectmen amounting to 3357 ,, 9 ,, 9^ of which he 
has paid 2248 ,, 19 ,, 6|-, and by Drafts made by the Overseers 
of the Poor which contain the Charges of the Almshouse and their 
Expences in the late Small Pox amounting to 3505 ,, 16 ,, 8 of 
which he has paid 2263 ,, 11 ,, 4^ and also with sundry Sums 
paid for Interest & c amounting to 121 ,, 3 ,, the whole 
amounting to 7573 ,, 13 ,, 

The said Committee have inspected said Drafts in a very par- 
ticular manner, and have examined the Vouchers produced by the 
Overseers for the amount of their Drafts, and every other branch 
of publick Charge all amounting as above to the Sum of 7573 ,, 
13 ,, 0^ as by Account of Town Treasurya in the Town Treas- 
urers Books Balance whereof being 6906 ,, 15 ,,-5 is carried to 
the Credit of new Account 

[627.] Which Report and Account being read, Voted that 

the same be and hereby is accepted 

Mess Nathaniel Waterman ----- Sworn 
Jacob Williams d. 

were chose Cullers of Hoops Staves & c for the Year ensuing 

M r John Skillins 
was chosen a Surveyor of Boards &c for the Year ensuing 

The Hon ble Royal Tyler Esq. M r Joseph Jackson Cap 1 Solomon 
Davis & M r Timothy Fitch having excused themselves from serv- 
ing as Fire Wards the Year ensuing 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to the said Gentlemen for the faithful discharge of the Duty of 
Fire-Wards, a number of Years past 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desirsd to Insert in the Warrant 
for the General Town Meeting in May next the following Article. 
Viz* To Consider some Method to get this Town exempted from 
the Province Law relative to the choice of Surveyors of the High 
Ways 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Four Fire Wards in 
the room of a like number who have resigned, and upon sorting 
them it appear'd that 

Coll William Tayler 
M r William Downe Cheever 
James Cunningham Esq. 
Cap' Benjamin Waldo 
were chose Fire- Wards for the Year ensuing 

List of Names returned the Selectmen by the Assessors were 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1764. 139 

laid before the Town, whereupon Voted, that the same be ac- 
cepted, and left with the Selectmen, who were before chose to 
act thereon 

[628.] The Committee Appointed to Examine the Ac- 
counts of y e Managers of Faneuil Hall Lotteries Report that they 
had examined the Accompts of the Managers for Lottery N 3. 
and found the same right Cast 

Voted, that said Report be accepted, and that the following 
Sums be allowed and paid to said Managers in full of their 
Accounts Viz' 

To Thomas Cushing Esq. 11 , 11 



Samuel Hews Esq. ------- 9 

John Scollay Esq. 12 

Benjamin Austin Esq ------12 

Samuel Newall Esq. ------12 

M r Samuel P. Savage 11 



10 
9 

9 
5 
9 



Ezekiel Lewis Esq. ------- 9 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to procure a sufficient 
number of new Hammers made in the best manner for the use of 
the Sealers of Leather and that the same be properly num- 
ber'd 

The Committee Appointed the 16 th Day of August last " to 
consider what steps shall be taken in order to comply wilh the 
Condition upon which the late Hon ble Thomas Hancock Esq. has 
left a Legacy to the Town of Boston, as also the most suitable 
Method in which the Town may testify the Sense they have of the 
Goodness of that Hon ble Gentleman expressed by so truly chari- 
table and important a Donation Report in the form of a Vote 
as follows Viz' 

Whereas the late Honourable Thomas Hancock Esq. in and by 
his last Will and Testament, among many other very generous 
arid charitable Donations was pleased to give the Town of Boston 
the Sum of Six hundred Pounds lawful Money towards erecting 
and finishing a convenient House for the reception and more com- 
fortable keeping such unhappy Persons as it shall please God in 
his Providence to deprive of their Reason in any part of this 
Province, such as are Inhabitants of Boston always to have 
[629.] The preference " on Condition that if the said Thomas 
Hancock Esq. did not in his lifetime build such House, which he 
seems to have had in his heart had it pleased God to have spared 
his life then the same should be built and Qnishcd in three Years 
after his decease. 

Voted, that the Town of Boston gratefully accept and they 
hereby accordingly accept of said Donation, and as a testimony 
of the gratitude of the Town, and as far as in them lyes to per- 
petuate the Memory of the late IIon ble Thomas Hancock Esq. it is 
further Voted, that the Name of Hancock be Recorded and enrolled 
amongf those of Faneuil and the other worthy Benefactors of 
this City, and that such House when ei-ected shall be called and 
known by the name of Hancocks Hospital Thus while the poor 
Unfortunates therein provided for, shall be insensible from whose 
Hands they derive the only possible alleviation of their miseries 



140 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

in the power of humanity, those in all Ages who may enjoy 
the inestimable blessing of a sound mind shall rejoice in the 
bountiful provision for the distressed 

Which Report benig read, the Question was put Whether 
the Town will accept thereof Passed in the Affermative N. C 
Voted, that the Hon ble . Thomas Hu bbard Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
Hon ble . Thomas Flucker Esq. 
Hon ble . James Otis Esq. 

Foster Hutchinson Esq. 
Hon ble . Royal Tyler Esq. 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to open a Subscription 
for raising an adequate Sum for building and endowing a Hospital 
for the reception and more comfortable support of poor Idiots, 
Lunaticks and such other unhappy Persons Inhabitants of this 
Town as it shall please almighty God in bis Providence to deprive 
of the use of their Reason. Such Hospital when built to be unden 
the direction and management of such Officers as the Town of 
Boston shall from Time to Time choose and appoint 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired at the Towns Expence 
[63O.] To provide proper Rolls of Parchment, for entering a 
fair Catalogue of all such worthy Persons as have been or shall 
hereafter be Benefactors to the Town of Boston. And the Town 
Clerk is hereby directed to make out a Catalogue in Paper and to 
lay it before the Town for their inspection at the next May Meet- 
ing, and against each Name shall be entered the Estate or Sum 
given with a brief mention of the use, and when approved by the 
Town the same shall be by the Town Clerk fairly Engrossed and 
entered in the Rolls. And thence forward no Name shall be entered 
in the Roll but by special Vote or order of the Town. And the 
Town Clerk or Recorder for the Time being shall Annually at the 
Meeting of the Town in March or May lay before the Town an 
account of all Donations for the Year proceeding, that the Town 

may take order thereon 

M r . Jonathan Brown - - (Sworn) 

was chosen an Assessor for the Year ensuing in the room of m p . 
John Grenough who has resigned 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that the Report of a 
Committee respecting the late Hon ble . Thomas Hancock Esq. Do- 
nation be published in the several News Papers 

Voted, that all Matters and Things that remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be and hereby are referred over to the General Town 
Meeting in May next, to be then considered of and acted upon. 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to the Hon ble . James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this 
for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



[631.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in publick 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1765. 141 

Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 14 th . 
Day of May Anno Domini 1765. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r Sewall. 

The Precept and Warrant, for calling the Meeting, read 

Sundry Laws - read 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. one of the Selectmen proposed in their 
Name to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the choice of 
one or more Persons to Represent them in the Great and General 
Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday the 29 th . 
Day of May Current ; and in order thereto to consider and ascertain 
the number of Gentlemen to be Elected ; accordingly it was Voted 
to proceed to the choice of Four Representatives, and then it was 
declared by the Selectmen, that no Votes will be received but such 
as are unfolded, and that they propose the Poll shall be closed at 
twelve O'Clock 

The Votes being brought in the number of Voters were found 
to be 641 and upon sorting them it appear'd that the Four fol- 
lowing Gentlemen were chose Viz'. 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. - 388 

Thomas Gushing Esq. - 538 

Oxenbridge Thatcher Esq. - 427 

M r . Thomas Gray 570 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen, the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring 
in their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting in order that the 
Town may proceed in transacting the other Affairs mentioned in 
the Warrant, accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew and brought in 
their Votes, and upon sorting them it appeared that the Hon ble . 
James Otis Esq. \vas unanimously chosen. 

[632.] Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3 O'Clock. 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment. 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Boston in Town 
Meeting Assembled May 14 th . 1765 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Annual 
Meeting the 15 th . of May 1764 desiring the Selectmen to Visit the 
several publick Schools in the Town, and to invite such Gentlemen 
to accompany them therein as they should think proper, and to 
Report thereon 

We the Subscribers accordingly attended that Service on Tues- 
day the 10 th . of June last, accompanied by the following Gentlemen 

*VJ,.t 

" T 1/J 

The Hon ble Thomas Hubbard Esq. 

Andrew Oliver P^sq. 

Thomas Flucker Esq. 

Harrison Gray Esq. 

Royal Tyler Esq. 
The Representatives of the Town 
The Overseers of the Poor 
Rev d . Ebenezer Pemberton 

Samuel Mather 

Mather Byles 

Andrew Elliot 



142 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Samuel Cooper 

Samuel Checkley Jun r . 

M r . Samuel P. Savage 

M r . Francis Shaw 

Joseph Green Esq. 

Cap*. Ichabod Jones 

Joseph Green Esq. 

Thomas Tyler Esq. 

Joshua Winslow Esq. 
[623.] John Tuder Esq. 

Zachary Johonnott 

Coll . Whiting of Connecticut 

Samuel Fitch Esq. 

M r . Edward Foster 

M r . Nathaniel Coffin 

Ezekiel Lewis Esq. 

Samuel Hews Esq. 

William Phillips Esq. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

Samuel Wentworth Esq. 

M r . Treasurer Jeffries 

D r . John Sprague 

And found the South Grammar School had 120 Scholars the 
North Grammar School 47 Scholars the South Writing School 
230 Scholars the North Writing School 163 Scholars, the Writing 
School in Queen Street 148 Scholars, all in very good order 



JOSHUA HENSHAW 
JOSEPH JACKSON 
BENJAMIN AUSTIN 
SAMUEL SEWALL 



Selectmen of 
Boston. 



NATHANIEL THWING 
JOHN RUDDOCK 

That Article in the Warrant. Viz'. " To consider some Method 
to get this Town exempted from the Province Law relative to the 
choice of Surveyors of High Ways" was read, and after de- 
bate had thereon the Question wns put Whether such Appli- 
cation shall be made to the General Court at their next Session 
Passed in the Negative 

The Hon ble . Thomas Flucker Esq. - - - Sworn, was chosen 
a Selectman for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
Nathaniel Thwing Esq. for his faithful services as a Selectman, 
several Years past 

[624.] Deacon Thomas Foster 
was chosen an Assessor for the Year ensuing declines 

Mess. Payson and Salter, chose Collectors for the Year ensuing 
appear 'd and informed the Town that they should not serve them 
in that Office at the Rates stated at their Meeting in March 
last 

Upon a Motion made and seconded It was Voted that the 
further consideration of such Matters as relate to the choice of 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 17<>5. 143 

Collectors be referred over to the Adjournment of this Meeting 

and that there be printed Notifications of the same 

The Committee appointed the eleventh of March last to examine 
the state of the Treasury & c Report That the several Col- 
lectors of Taxes appear by the Treasurers Books (o be indebted to 

the Town the 21 st . of March la>t as follows Viz'. 

John Ruddock Esq. for the Year 1 763 1023,,0,,0 

M r . Samuel Adams for the Year 17u3 llll,,0,,0 
for the Year 1764 2452,, - ,, - 



3563,,0,,0 

M r . Jonathan Payson, for the Year 1763 844,, - ,, - 
for the Year 1764- 1201, ,- 16- 



2046,,-,,- 

M r . John Grant - - for the Year 1764 - - - - 1764,,-,,- 
M r . Sampson Salter - for the Year 1764 - - - - 1482,,-,,- 



9878,,0,,0 

Out of which is to be deducted the Sum of 1854 being the 
amount of Premiums which will be due to them and of the Abate- 
ments made and to be made for the Year 1764. so that the Sum 
realh' due from them is 8024,, in which is included the Sum of 
7000,, ,, the Town Voted to raise at their Meeting in May 
last ; and which if the Vote then passed with respect to the pay- 
ment of the same is strictly complyed with will be paid into the 
Treasury, one half of it sometime this present Month, and the re- 
mainder in August next ; And when the Sum of 8024,, afore- 
mentioned is received by the Treasurer he will be enabled to dis- 
charge every demand upon him to the 21 8t . of March aforesaid, 
and there will be a balance left in favor of the Town of 4379,,- 
9,, If as will more fully appear by a state of the Town [635.] 
Treasury herewith exhibited That by Information from the 
Province Treasurer there is due to the Province for the Year 1762 

and 1763. the following Sums Viz'. 

From John Ruddock Esq. for the Year 1763 - - - - 558, ,15, ,3 
From M*. Samuel Adams, for the Year 1762 1 140,, 1,,4 
for the Year 1763 1927,, 16,, 9 

3067, , 18, ,1 

FromM 1 . Jonathan Payson for the Year 1763 - - - 771,, 1,,- 

4397,,14,,4 

And the whole Tax for the Year 1764 from the ) - 7n - , 9 

Collectors - - - of that Year - - - - j 
Which with the aforementioned Sum due to the 

Town of - - - 8024,,,,- 



Makes in the whole the sum of 18126, ,18,,6 
Which Sum is due from the undermentioned 

Collectors as follows, Viz' 

From John Ruddock Esq. about ... - 1400 ,, ,, 

From M r . Samuel Adams d. - - - - 8000 



1 14 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

From M r . Jonathan Payson - - d. - - - - 3326 ,, 

From M r . Sampson Salter d. - - - - 2440 ,, ,, 

From M r . John Grant d. - - - - 2960 ,, 



18126 ,, ,, 

5705 ,, 4 ,, 2 of the last mentioned Sums according to the Vote 
of the Town ought to be paid one half of it in July next, and the 
other half in December following 

Your Committee are of Opinion it would be for the Interest of 
the Town to take some effectual Measures to have the Taxes Col- 
lected and paid into the Treasury by the Time fixed by the Town 
for the payment of the same, the Expcnce of the Town it is prob- 
able will be thereby lessoned, for as the Town has a considerable 
balance in its favor, if the Mony Voted Annually for the service 
of the Year was seasonable Collected, it would be in the power of 
the Selectmen and Overseers of the Poor to purchase what was 
wanted for the Towns use at a much cheaper rate with the Cash 
then they can upon Credit, but it appears to be of little or no ad- 
vantage from Year to Year to raise a larger sum than is absolutely 
necessary for the service of the Year, with a view of preserving 
the Credit of the Town unless the Taxes are seasonably Collected ; 
And unless some Measures are taken for this purpose, the Com- 
mittee submit it to the consideration of the Town [636.] 
Whether it would not be most expedient not to raise any more than 
than 900 ,, this Year which with the balance of 43 70 ,, 9 ,, 1| 
aforesaid would be sufficient to defrey the Charges thereof 
this will be one measure at least that will have a tendency to 
expedite the payment of the outstanding debts : However if upon 
the whole the Town should determine to raise nearly the same sum 
as usual Your Committee are of Opinion that 5030. will 
be sufficient as that Sum together with only about 200. of 
the ballance aforementioned will defre}- the Charges of the present 
Year agreable to y e Estimate hereunto annexed ; there will be 
then left in the Treasury about 4100. which the Committee 
are of Opinion should remain as a stock in the Treasury for a fund 
to be made use of by the Selectmen and Overseers of the Poor as 
they may find it for the advantage of the Town, and some effectual 
Measures taken that such Sums as they may from Time to Time 
draw from it, might be replaced out of the Moneys Annually 
raised by the Town In the Estimate annexed provision is 
made for every Charge that it is probable will arise, excepting the 
Charge of Repairing the Warehouse on the Dock the Dams upon 
each side of the Neck and the North Battery which the Committee 
did not include in the Estimate as it was uncertain what resolutions 
the Town would come into respecting the same 

The above Report being read and some debate had thereon, the 
further Consideration was referred over to the Adjournment of 
this Meeting 

That Article in the Warrant. Viz* " Whether the Towns 
Warehouse opposite the Golden Ball shall be repaired or Sold for 
the most it will fetch " was read and the Selectmen having 
thereupon acquainted the Inhabitants that said Warehouse was a 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1765. 145 

Donation to the Town and the Income appropriated for the Main- 
tenance and support of the Publick Schools the Question was 
put Whether the Warehouse referred to shall be Repaired 
Passed in the Affermative 

It was then Moved, and Seconded that the Selectmen be desired 
if they shall Judge proper to Let said Warehouse on a Lease lor a 
term of Time not exceeding Seven Years provided the Leaser will 
undertake the Repairs at his own Expence, the amount of the 
same to be [637.] Repaid him out of said Rent or hire and 
the Question being accordingly put Passed in the Afferma- 
tive 

That Article in the Warrant Viz* "To take the Sense of the 
" Town respecting the Repaii-s of the Dam, on the East and West 
" side of the Neck which have been much damaged in the late 
" Storm " was read ; after considerable debate had thereon 
the Question was put Whether the Town would at this Meet- 
ing proceed to raise any Moneys for said Service Passed in the 
Negative It was then Voted, that 

Richard Dana Esq. 

Royal Tyler Esq. 

M*. Samuel Swift 

William Phillips Esq. 

Cap'. Hopestill Foster 

James Beautineau Esq. 

Foster HuLchinson Esq. 

M r . Solomon Kneeland 

John Avery Esq. 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to Consider in what way 
or manner the Towns Interest on Boston Neck may be disposed of 
for their most advantage, and to Report their Opinion as soon aa 
may be 

Voted, that the Sum of Five Thousand Pounds be raised by a 
Tax upon Polls and Estates within this Town for relief of the Poor 
and defreying other necessary Charges arising within the Town 

the ensuing Year 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred and twenty Pounds be al- 
lowed and p;iid unto M r . John Lovel for his Salary as Master of 
the South Grammar School the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due and to commence at the ex- 
piration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r Peleg Wiswall for his Salary as Master of the North 
Gramar School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall [638. j Become due, and to commence at 
the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed & paid unto 
M r Samuel Holyoke for his Salary as Master of the Writing School 
in Queen Street for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall become due and to commence at the expira- 
tion of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One Hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r John Procter for his Salary as a Master of the 



146 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Writing School in Queen Street for the Year ensuing, the same to 
be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at 
the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r Abia Ilolbrook for his Salary as Master of the 
Writing School in the Common for the ensuing Year, the same to 
be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at 
the Expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed nnd 
paid unto M r John Tilestone for his Salary as Master of the North 
Writing School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall become clue, and to commence at the Expira- 
tion of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r James Lovel for his Salary as Usher of the South Grammar 
School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him Quarterly, 
and to commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that a further Sum of Forty Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r - James Lovel as an encouragement for him to remain and 
exert himself in the service of the Town the ensuing Year, the 
same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due and to com- 
mence at the Expiration of the last Quarter 

[639.] Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r Ephraim Langdon for his Salary as Usher of the 
North Grammar School the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Thirty four Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r John Tileston Master of the North Writing School for 
providing an Assistant the Year ensuing, the same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it becomes due and to commence at the expiration of 
the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Thirty four Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r Abiah Holbrook Master of the Writing School in the 
Common for providing an Assistant the ensuing Year, the same to 
be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at 
the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that tlie Sum of One hundred Pounds be allovv'd and 
paid out of the Town Treasury unto M r David Jeffries for his Ser- 
vices as Treasurer of the Town the Year past, and for all his 
Expences in that Office 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and hereby is directed and 
impowered to allow the several School Masters Interest on the 
Sums due to them from the Date of their Warrants, to the Time of 
payment 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned <o Monday the 27 th of 
this Instant May 9 O'clock Before Noon, and that printed Noty- 
ficutions of this Adjournment be dispersed among the Inhabitants. 

Monday the 27 Day of May 9 O'Clock A : M : Met according 
to adjournment 

[64O.] The Selectmen appointed a Committee at a Meeting 
of the Town last March to enquire into the terms or tenor upon 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1764. 147 

which the Mill Owners hold the Mill Pond Mills & c . And to con- 
sider what addition or amendment may be made to the Laws for 
regulating the Grist Mill which would tend to romedy the incon- 
veniences the Town now labours under for want of faithful 
management in said Mills Report 

That the 31 st of July 1643 the Town granted to Henry Simmons 
and others all that Cove which is now the Mill Pond on Condition 
they Erected one or more Corn Mills within three Years and main- 
tained the same forever, the Town also obliged the Proprietors by 
said Grant to make and maintain for ever a Gate of ten feet in 
breath to open with the Flood for the passage of Boats into said 
Cove, and to make & maintain sufficient passable and safe "Ways 
for Horse and Cart over the Trenches they had by said Grant 
liberty to dig. The Town further gave them One hundred Acres 
of Land at Braintree for the encouragement of said Mill, and 
stipulate that no other Common Mill shall be allowed except the 
necessary occasion of the Town require it. It has been suggested 
by some that there was a more particular Covenant and Agree- 
ment between the Proprietors and the Town, but nothing of it can 
be found in the Towns Books or Papers, and upon enquiry of 
some that have been Proprietors, and others, we are inclined to 
think it is a mistake, as they have been acquainted with the Origi- 
nal Grant before recited, but never heard of any Covenant or 
other Agreement 

Your Committee having informed themselves of the present 
situation of said Cove and Mill, are of Opinion that there has not 
been any forfeiture, which subjects the Proprietors to the Town, 
except the not maintaining a Gate for the passage of Boats into 
the Cove up the Creek over which the Mill Bridge now passes is 
one ; For the Gate which was there has been for sometime entirely 
ruined and the passage into the Cove that way 

As to any additions or amendments to the Laws for regulating 
the Grist Mills, which would tend to lesson the present difficultys, 
your Committee would advise that if an alteration in said Laws 
can be obtained, "A Clause in the late Law which subjects the 
Miller to a penalty of five Shillings in case he refuses uponderaand 
to weigh the Grain brought to them, and Meal delivered out," 
should be [641.] Amended and explained, by a Law providing 
that the penalty may be a certain sum upon each Bushel, and that 
the Miller should be subjected to said pennlty if he does not weigh 
Grain in & Meal out whether it be demanded or not Which 
Report being read and considered, it was then Voted that the 
same be accepted 

The Committee chosen to consider in which way and manner the 
Towns Interest on Boston Neck may be disposed of for their best 
advantage Report That having carefully viewed the Dams 
aforesaid and the Towns Lands, on each side of said Neck, es- 
pecially those heretofore Leased to John Hill Esq. and to Samuel 
Wentworth Esq. and having maturely considered the quantity 
quality and situation thereof, are fully of Opinion that it will not 
be for the Interest of said Town but to their great damage and 
loss either to repair or uphold either of those Dams or to now 



148 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

build any Dam there or to keep any of the Lands Leased as afore- 
said in their hands ; but that it will be most for the benefit of the 
Town to sell the same Lands on each side the High Way there as 
soon as may be reserving to the Town whensoever they shall Judge 
it needful liberty to set up and build maintain and uphold good 
Banks or Sea Walls adjoining to either side of said High Way, 
sufficient to preserve the Causeys and Pavements of the said Way 
from being washed away or broken up by the violence of the 
Winds and Waves ; and likewise restraining the Purchaser or 
Purchasers of the same Lands their Heirs and Assigns for ever, 
from taking or carrying any of the Soil Claj r or Earth from off the 
same Lands 

The above Report being read and debate had thereon the fur- 
ther Consideration was referred over to the next Town Meeting. 

Voted, that all Matters and Things that remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be and hereby are referred over to the next General 
Town Meeting 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Hon ble James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for dis- 
patching the Business thereof. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[642.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday 27 th of May 
Anno Domini 1765. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting ------- read 

The Hon ble James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator. 

The Bill pending in the General Court relative to Wooden 
Buildings, was read, and that the sense of the Town respecting the 
same might be the better taken it was considered Paragraph by 
Paragraph, when it appeared that the Bill in General was agreable, 
The Clauses disapproved of, and which the Representatives 
were desired to have out in their new Draft of a Bill to be offered 
by them to the General Court at the approaching Session were as 
follows Vizt. 

1 st " And if after the expiration of the said term of ten Days 
the Selectmen shall Judge it necessary that such House shall be 
Shingled, they ma}' if they see cause with the approbation of three 
Justices of the Peace, Quorum unus within the said Town, signi- 
fied in writing under their hands, grant Lisence for Shingling such 
Roof, provided that the said Justices shall be such as shall be 
specially authorized for that purpose by the Governor or Com- 
mander in Chief, with the advice and consent of the Council to act 
therein during pleasure : And in case there shall not at any time 
hereafter be three Justices specially appointed in manner afore- 
said, and the Governor, and Council shall not upon application 
from the Selectmen proceed to authorize such ; then the Court of 
General Session of the Peace for the County of Suffolk, may ap- 
point three such Justices for the purpose aforesaid ; And it shall 
and may be lawful upon Lisense thus had and obtained, for the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1765. 149 

Owner or Owners of such House to cause the same to be Shingled 
accordingly " 

2 nd " And every Carpenter or other Person who shall Erect or 
remove any House or Building contrary to the true intent & mean- 
ing of this Act, or shall Shingle the Roof of any old Dwelling 
House. [64-3.] In the Town of Boston without License ob- 
tained as before-mentioned, such Carpenter or other Person shall 
likewise forfeit and pay the sum of Fifty Pounds." 

3 rd "That the Owner of any and every House of more than Seven 
Feet in night which shall be built in the said Town of Boston, 
after the publication of this Act, otherwise then with Stone or 
Brick as it is by Law provided shall forfeit and pay the further 
Sum of Fifty Pounds for every such Offence " 

4 lh " With the approbation of three Justices of the Peace 
Quorum unus, within the said Town appointed as aforesaid, and 
signified by them in manner aforesaid." 

5 th " And may likewise be recovered by Presentment Indict- 
ment or Information. And the Attorney General of this Province ; 
as also the Grand Jurors for the County of Suffolk, are hereby 
respectively required from Time to Time diligently to enquire into 
inform of and present all Offences that shall be committed against 
the same " 

6 th " Provided that nothing in this Act shall be construed or 
understood to exempt any Offenders from like penaltys already 
incurred for the breach of either of the Laws beforementioned " 

M r . John Winslow 
was chosen a Selectman for the Year ensuing Sworn 

M r Daniel Pecker 
was chosen an Assessor, for the Year ensuing. d. 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P.M. 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

That Article in the Warrant Viz*. "To consider what Measures 
may be proper for the preservation of Beacon Hill " was read, and 
after debate had thereon it appearing to the Town that said Hill 
is in veiy great danger of being destroyed by Thomas Hodson & 
Others digging Gravel on his Lot on North side of said Hill, and 
there being no prospect of the Towns being able to purchase 
his Land or to prevent his digging, without [644.] The inter- 
position of the General Court, therefore 

Voted, that the Representatives of the Town be and they hereby 
are directed to use their influence in the General Court at the next 
Session, that an Act may be provided for the purposes afore- 
said 

That Clause in the Warrant Viz*. u To consider what Measures 
may be proper to prevent the Loss of Deer Island Head by the 
Incroachment of the Sea." was read, and thereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen bo and hereby arc Appointed a Com- 
mittee to Examine into the present Circumstances of Deer Island 
Head and to make a true Representation thereof to the General 
Court at their next Session ; at the same Time setting forth of 
what importance it is to the trading Interest of this Province that 
said Head Land and thereby this Harbour should be preserved 



150 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

from the Ruin that now threatens them, and praying that such 
speedy and effectual Measures may be taken for this purpose, as 
the General Court in their great Wisdom shall think meet 

Upon Consideration of that Clause in the Warrant Viz'. 
"What further Steps shall betaken to obtain relief from the 
General Court respecting the great charge incurred b} 7 the Small 
Pox Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to draft a 
Petition to the General Court, representing, That by means of the 
Small Pox which in the providence of God was permitted to 
prevail in this Town the Year past, the Inhabitants have been 
great Sufferers, as well by the extraordinary Expence it hath 
occasioned as by loss of Business ; and therefore humbly praying 
that the General Court would afford us such relief under our dis- 
tress as they in their great Goodness shall think proper, and that 
the Selectmen hand said Draft to our Representatives who are 
desired by the Town to prefer the same at the next Session of the 
General Court 

Report of Committee relative to the Expences of the Town 
again read, and thereupon Voted, That the same be accepted 

[645.] That Article in the Warrant Viz 4 . "To consider 
the Votes relating to Collectors past last March Meeting" was 
read, and the Question put Viz 4 . Whether the Vote respecting 
the Collectors Premium shall be reconsidered, passed in the Nega- 
tive 

The Selectmen having laid before the Town Lists of Names for the 
Jury Boxes, the same were accepted by the Town, and the Select- 
men desired to place them in the Boxes accordingly 

The Vote respecting the number of Collectors passed last March 
Meeting, and which confined the choice to four only, was now re- 
considered, whereupon 

Voted, that there be Six Collectors of Taxes chose for the Year 
ensuing 

The Inhabitants withdrew and brought in their Votes for Six 
Collectors of Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeared that 
Mess. Samuel Adams - - - declines 
Jonathan Pay son d. 

John Grant d. 

Sampson Salter d. 

Samuel Ruggles 
Benjamin Edes 
were chose Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Fryday next 3 
O'Clock P : M : 

Met According to Adjournment 

The Report of a Committee relative to the Towns Land on 
Boston Neck ; the further Consideration whereof being referred 
over to this Meeting ; was read And after considerable debate 
had thereon, the Question was put. Viz 4 . Whether said Report 
shall be accepted Passed in the Negative 

Upon a Motion made and seconded % it was Voted, that the Lands, 
[646.] On each side of the Neck be 'Leased in their present State 
and Circumstances at the best discretion of the Selectmen It 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1765. 151 

was further Voted, that the term of Time on which said Lands are 
to be Leased, shall not exceed three Years 

Upon a Motion made and seconded the Question was put Viz'. 
Whether the Consideration of the Repairs of the North Battery 
fchall be referred to another Meeting Passed in y e . Negative 

It was then Voted that 

The Hon ble . Samuel Wells Esq. 

James Beautineau Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
Cap'. Nathaniel Greenwood 
M r . Robert Peirpoint 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to enquire into the 
present state of the North Battery, and Report their Opinion, and 
what they apprehend will be the Sum necessary to put the same in 
proper Repairs Report to be made at the Adjournment of this 
Meeting 

Jonathan Payson Esq. 
M r . Sampson Salter 
were again chose Collectors for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Friday the 17 th . of 
June next 3 O'Clock P : M : 

Fryday June 1 7 th . 3 O'Clock P : M Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

The Town brought in their Votes for two Collectors and upon 
sorting them it appear'd that 

Mess Edward Hollyday 

Edward Church 
were chose Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing 

[647.] The absence of the Chairman of the Committee ap- 
pointed the 27 th of May last "to enquire into the present state of 
the North Battery and what will be a sum sufficient to put the 
same into proper repair," having prevented said Committee from 
Reporting their Opinion at this Adjournment as was desired and 
intended the Question was put Viz' "Whether the Con- 
sideratioa of this Matter shall now come on passed in the 
Affermative The Town was then informed that their Com- 
mittee were of Opinion when on the Premisses that the Battery 
and Wharff should be repaired, and that the Charge thereof would 
not exceed 230 after some debate it was 

Voted, That the Selectmen be and hereby are desired to repair 
the North Battery and the Wharff adjoining, provided nevertheless 
that the Ex pence thereof shall not exceed the Sum of Two hun- 
dred and thirty Pounds lawful Money 

Voted, that all Matters and Things that remain unfmish'd at 
this Meeting be and hereby are referred over to the next General 
Town Meeting, to be then considered and acted upon 

Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to the Hon ble James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this 

Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



152 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

At a legal Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of 
the Town of Boston at Faneuil Hall August 27 th Anno Domini 
1765 

The Hon ble James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator 

[648.] The Town having an utter detestation of the extraor- 
dinary & violent proceedings of a number of Persons unknown 
against some of the Inhabitants of the same, the last Night 
Vote unanimously that the Selectmen and Majestrates of the Town 
be desired to use their utmost endeavors agreable to Law to sup- 
press the like disorders for the future, and that the Freeholders 
and other Inhabitants will do every thing in their power to assist 
them therein 

Voted, That the Inhabitants of this Town will be ready on all 
occasions to assist the Selectmen and Majestrates in the Suppres- 
sion of all Disorders of a like nature that m;iy happen when called 
upon for that purpose 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to the Hon ble James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for 

dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 12 th of 
Septem r 1765. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting - - read. 

The Hon ble James Otis was chosen Moderator 

That Article in the Warrant Viz' "To confer upon "such 
" Measures as shall appear necessary to be taken in consequence 
44 of [649.] The Stamp Act, and other Matters of Greiveance, 
"and to determine whether Instructions shall be given to the 
" Representatives of the Town in General Assembly for their Con- 
duct at this very alarming Cricis" was read, whereupon 
Voted, unanimously that Instructions be given our Repre- 
sentatives in General Assembly 

Voted, that the Hon ble Samuel Wells Esq. 
Richard Dana Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
M r Samuel Adams 
John Erving J r . Esq. 
Joseph Green Esq. 
John Ruddock Esq. 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to consider of what In- 
structions are proper to be given the Representatives of the Town 
as to their Conduct in General Court for the remainder of the 

Year 

On a Motion made and seconded, Voted unanimously that 
The Hon ble James Otis Esq. the Moderator 
The Gentlemen the Selectmen & Town Clerk 
The Representatives of the Town, together with 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1765. 153 

The Hon ble Samuel Wells Esq. 
The HoD ble Royal Tyler Esq. 
The Hon ble Thomas 'Flucker Esq. 
The Hon ble Thomas Ilubbard Esq. 
The Hon ble Harrison Gray Esq. 
The Hon ble John Krving Esq. 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to wait upon the Hon bte 
Lord Adam Gorden, a Member of the British Parliament now 
making the Tour of America, to Congratulate his Lordship in the 
Name of the Town, upon his safe Arrival ; to express their Wishes 
for his Lordships Prosperity ; and to request his kind Representa- 
tions and Influence in favor of this Town and Province as his 
Lordships Wisdom and Justice shall direct; particularly with Re- 
gard to the new Parliamentary Regulations, that so nearly affect 
the Rights as well as Trade of the American Collonies, and have 
created such universal uneasiness among his Majestys loyal 

[65O.] Subjects on this Continent 

The Petition of Cap*. Onesiphorus Tileslon and others Trades- 
men employed in repairing Faneuil Hall praying that the Town 
would grant them some Relief on account of the length of Time 
they have already and are still like to be out of the Mony due to 

them was read and debated whereupon 

Voted, that The Hon ble Royal Tyler Esq. 
The Hon ble Samuel Well Esq. 
John Barrett Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
Meletiah Bourn Esq. 
Samuel Grant Esq. 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to take into considera- 
tion the Accounts of the Managers of the Lotteries for the Repairs 
of Faneuil Hall so far as they have been drawn as also the Accounts 
of the several Tradesmen concerned in said Repairs, and that they 

Report at the Adjournment of this Meeting 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Wednesday next 3 
O'Clock P : M : 

Wednesday the 18 th of September 3 O'Clock P : M : Met accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

The Committee Appointed by the Town to wait upon Lord 
Adam Gorticn, with their address Reported that they had 
attended that service, and presented his Lordship with an attested 
Copy of the Vote, to which he was pleased to return the following 
Answer in Writing 

Gentlemen 

I find myself very sensibly obliged to you for this 
Mark of Your Attention, and for the Honor you have done me by 
your unanimous Address of Yesterday, for which and your good 
[651.] Wishes expressed in it, I beg leave to return you my best 
Thanks. 

I have had much Satisfaction in the Tour I have made in British 
America, and am extremely sorry to understand, there should at 



154 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

this Time subsist any Uneasiness among his Majestys good Sub- 
jects there ; more particularly in the Antient and Loyal Province 

and Town of Boston 

What little Influence I may be supposed to have, shall ever be 
chearfully employed where the Interest of Great Britian & Amer- 
ica are concerned, which to me seem inseperable : Having ever 
been of Opinion that any Man who could wish to see a Distinction 
or endeavor to Create a Difference between them, must be an 

Enemy to both 

I have the Honor to be with much Truth & Esteem 
Gentlemen 

Your Most Obedient and 

Most Humble Servant 
Boston September 13 th 1765. AD : GORDEN 



The Committee Appointed the 12 th Instant on the Petition of 
Onesip" Tileston and others Report 

That the Accounts of the Managers of the Lotteries for repair- 
ing Faneuil Hall so far as they have been drawn are right cast. 
As to the Accounts of the Several Tradesmen concerned in said 
Repairs, the Committee apprehend they have no Just cause to com- 
plain of the Town should they tarry for the Mony without Interest 
untill it is raised by Lottery, wbich is exactly conformable to their 
Agreement with the Selectmen, and which Contract concludes with 
these words Viz 1 "And to wait for our pay untill the Mony is 
raised by Lottery" therefore the Committee are of Opinion that 
the Town do not at present make any provision or allowance 

towards discharging said Accounts or any part thereof 

The Committee beg leave to recommend to the Town that when 
the Accounts of these Tradesmen shall have been properly liqui- 
dated, and as sufficient Sums from Time to Time are raised by 
Lottery to discharge them, that at the then next Meeting of the 
Town, ah 1 the hardships they may have suffered by the length of 
Time they have laid out of their Moneys, or other ways may be 
maturely weighed and such an Allowance made them by the Town 

as that Time may be Judged proper 

ROYAL TYLER p Order 
[652.] Which Report being read and debate had thereon the 

Question was put Whether the same shall be accepted 

Passed in the Affermative 

It was moved and seconded that there be a reconsideration of 

the above Vote, and the Question being accordingly put 

Passed in the Negative 

On a motion made and seconded, Voted that 

M r Samuel Adams 

M r Thomas Gray 

John Rowe Esq. 

Melatiah Bourn Esq. 

Nicholas Boylston Esq. 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to Liquidate the several 
Accounts of the Tradesmen concerned in the Repairs of Faneuil 
Hall. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1765. 155 

The Committee Appointed to draw up Instructions for the Rep- 
resentatives of the Town reported the following Draft 

To the Hon ble James Otis Esq. Thomas Gushing Esq. and M r . 
Thomas Gray. 
Gentlemen 

At a Time when the British American Subjects are every where 
loudly complaining of arbitrary unconstitutional Innovations the 
Town of Boston can not any longer remain silent without Just 
Imputation and Inexcusable Neglect. We therefore the Freeholders 
and olher Inhabitants being legally Assembled in Faneuil Hall, to 
consider "What steps are necessary for us to take at 'this alarming 
Crisis, think it proper to communicate to you our united Senti- 
ments, and to give you our Instructions thereupon 

It fills us with very great Concern to find, that Measures have been 
Adopted by the British Ministry, and Acts of Parliament made, 
which press hard upon our invaluable Rights and Privileges and 
ten greatly to distress the Trade of the Province, by which we 
have heretofore been able to contribute so large a share towards 
the Inriching [653.] Of the Mother Country But we are more 
particularly alarmed and astonished at the Act called the Stamp 
Act, by which a very grievous and we apprehend unconstitutional 
Tax is to be laid upon the Colonies 

By the Royal Charter granted to our Ancestors the power of 
making Laws for our internal Government and of levying Taxes, 
ia vested in the General Assembly : And by the same Charter the 
Inhabitants of this Province are entitled to all the Rights & Privi- 
leges of natural free born Subjects of Great Britain ; the most 
essential Rights of British Subjects are those of being represented 
in the same Body which exercises the power of levying Taxes upon 
them, and of having their Property tryed by Juries ; These are 
the very Pillars of the British Constitution, founded in the common 
Rights of Mankind. It is certain we were in no sense represented 
in the Parliament of Great Britain, when this Act of Taxation was 
made : And it is nlso certain that this Law admits of our prop- 
ertys being tryed in Controversies arising from internal concerns 
by Courts of Admiralty without a Jury : It follows that at once it 
annihilates the most valuable Privileges of our Charter, deprives 
us of the most essential Rights of Britain and greatly weakens the 
best securities of our Lives, Liberties and Estates ; which may 
hereafter be at the disposal of Judges who may be Strangers to 
us, and perhnps malicious, mercinary, corrupt and oppressive. 
But admitting that we had no complaints of this Nature we should 
still have reason to except against the Iniquality of these Taxes : 
It is well known that the People of this Province have not only 
settled this Country, but enlarged and defended the British Do- 
minion in America with a vast Expence of Treasure and Blood ; 
they have exerted themselves in the most distinguished services 
for their King by which they have often been reduced to the great- 
est distress ; And in the late War more especially by their surpriz- 
ing Exertions, they have brought upon themselves a Debt almost 
insupportable ; And we are well assured if these expensive services, 
for which very little if any advantage hath ever accrued to them- 



156 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

selves, together with the necessary Charges of supporting & de- 
fending his Majestys Government here had been duly estimated, 
the Moneys designd to be drawn from us by this Act, would have 
appeared greatly beyond our Proportion. We look upon it as a 
peculiar hardship, that when the Representative Body of this 
Province had prepared and sent forward a [6.">4.] Decent Remon- 
strance against these Proceedings, while they were depending in 
the House of Commons, it failed of admittance there : And this 
we esteem the more extraordinary, in as much as being unrepre- 
sented, it was the only Method whereby they could make known 
their Objections to Measures, in the Event of which their Con- 
tituents were to be so deeply interested. Moreover this Act if 
carried into Execution, will become a further Grieveance to us as 
it will afford a Precedent for the Parliament to Tax us in all 
future Time, and in all such Ways and Measures, as they shall 
Judge meet without our Consent. 

We therefore think it our indespensible Duty in Justice to our- 
selves and Posterity, as it is our undoubted Privilege in the most 
open and unreserved, but decent and respectful Terms to declare 
our greatest Disatisfaction with this Law ; And we think it incum- 
bent upon you by no Means to Join in any publick Measures for 
countenancing and assisting in the Execution of the same : But to 
use your best endeavors in the General Assembly, to have the In- 
herent unalienable Rights of the People of this Province, asserted 
and vindicated, and left upon the publick Records, that Posterity 
may never have reason to charge the present Times with the Guilt 
of tamely given them away. 

It affords us the Greatest Satisfaction to hear that the Congress 
proposed by the House of Representatives of this Province, is 
consented to by the Representatives of most of the other Collonies 
on the Continent. We have the warmest Expectations from 
the united Counsels of that very respectable Committee : And we 
may with the strictest Propriety enjoin upon M r Otis, a Member 
of the same, being also one of the Representatives of this Town to 
contribute the utmost of his Abelity, in having the Rights of the 
Colonies stated in the clearest vein, and laid before the Parliament 
and in preparing a humble Petition to the King our Sovereign and 
Father, under whose Gracious Care and Protection, we have the 
strongest Reason to hope, that the Rights of the Colonies in 
General & the particular Charter Rights of this Province will be 
confirmed and perpetuated. We further Instruct you to take 
particular Care that the best ^Economy may be used in expending 
the publick Moneys, and that no unaccustomed Grants may be 
made to those who serve the Government And we in general 
recommend to your Care, that the Monies of the Province drawn 
from the Individuals of the People at a Time when almost [G55.J 
Every Avenue of our Trade is Obstructed, may not be applyed to 
any other Purposes, under any Pretence of necessary Contingent 
Charges, but what are evidently intended in the Act for supplying 
the Treasury. 

The aforegoing Report having been read several Times, and put 
Paragraph I >y Paragraph : It was Voted unanimously that the 
same be accepted 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1765. 157 

On a Motion made and seconded it was unanimously* Voted, 
that, 

The Hon ble James Otis Esq. the Moderator 
The Hon ble Samuel Wells Esq. 
The Hon ble Harrison Gray Esq. 
The Hon ble Royal Tyler Esq. 

Joshua Henshtiw Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
M r Samuel Adams 

be a Committee to draw up and transmit by the first Opportunity, 
to the Right Honourable General Conway, now one of his Majestys 
principal Secretarys of State, and to Coll Isaac Barre a Member 
of Parliament several Addresses, humbly expressing the sincere 
Thanks of this Metropolis of his Majestys ancient and loyal 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay, for their noble, generous, and 
truly patriotick Speeches, at the last Session of Parliament, in 
favor of the Colonies, their Rights and Privileges : And that cor- 
rect Copies of the same be desired that they may be deposited 
among our most precious Archives. Also Voted, that those 
Gentlemens Pictures as soon as they can be obtained, be placed 
in Faneuil Hall as a standing Monument to all Posterity, of the 
Virtue and Justice of our Benefactors, and a lasting Proof of our 

Gratitude 

Voted, that the Instructions to our Representatives be printed 

in the Thursdays News Papers 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are Given to 
the Hon ble James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for dis 

patching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



.[666.] ' At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in Publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fryday the 27 th Day of 
September 1765 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . Samuel Checkley. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting - - read. 

The Precept for Choosing One Representative in the Room of 
Oxenbridge Thatcher Esq. lately deceased, was read 

Voted, that the Town will proceed to the choice of a suitable 
Person to Represent them at the Great & General Court the re- 
maining part of the Year in the room of the late Oxenbridge 
Thatcher Esq. deceased 

The Selectnv.'ii having declared to the Inhabitants that the Poll 
would be closed at 12 O'Clock, the Inhabitants withdrew & brought 
in their Votes for a Representative, and upon counting and sorting 
them it appeared that the number of Votes were 572 of which John 
Ruddock Esq. had 110 John Rowe Esq. 137 John Han- 
cock Esq. 40 and M r Samuel Adams 247 there being no 
choice the Inhabitants were desired to withdraw again, and bring 
in their Votes, which being accordingly done, it was found that 

1 [The original paging here skips ten. W. H. W.] 



158 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

the number of Votes were 448. and that M r . Samuel Adams bad 
265 Votes : Whereupon it was declared by the Selectmen tluit the 

said M r . Adams was duly Elected 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and warned in publick Town Meet- 
ing Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 2 d Day of Novem- 
ber A D 1765 

[667.] Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - read. 

The Hon ble James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants that Measures may be 
taken to prevent the Disorders that sometime happen at this 
Season of the Year, was read and large debate had thereon ; but 
the Petitioners desire \estve of the Town to withdraw their Peti- 
tion the Question was accordingly put, and passed in the Affer- 
mative. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Honourable James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting 
for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and warned in publick Town Meet- 
ing Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fry day the 15 th of November 
AD 1765 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - read 

The Hon ble Samuel Wells Esq. chosen Moderator 

That Article in the Warrant. Viz*. " To determine whether they 
" will choose two Collectors of Taxes for the present Year in the 
" room of M r . Edward Church and Benjamin Edes who were 
" chose in May last but refuse to serve " and after Debate had 
thereon the Question was put . Viz 1 . Whether two Collectors 
shall now be chose in the room of the two who have declined 
serving Passed in the Negative 

[668.] Voted, that the Gentlemen the Assessors be and 
hereby are directed to deliver the Tax Books to the four Collectors, 
who were chose at a late Meeting, they having given Bond and 
qualified themselves as the Law directs 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Hon ble Samuel Wells Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting, for 
dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a legal Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of 
the Town of Boston at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 18 th . Day 
of December Anno Domini 1765 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - read. 

The Hon ble James Otis Esq. chosen Moderator 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1765. 159 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants for calling this Meeting 
was read, and after Debate had thereon 
Voted unanimously that 

M r . Samuel Adams 

John Rowe Esq. 

Thomas Gushing Esq. 

John Hancock Esq. 

John Ruddock Esq. 

Samuel Sewall Esq. 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 

[669.] Be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to sign and 
present the following Memorial to his Excellency the Governor in, 
Council ; and that 

Jeremiah Gridley Esq. 

James Otis Esq. 

John Adams Esq. 

be applyed to as Council to appear in behalf of the Town in sup- 
port of said Memorial 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 
To His Excellency the Governor in Council 



The Memorial of the Town of Boston Humbly Sheweth 



That your Memorialists having a Just Sense of the value of the 
British Constitution of Government, under which they have 
enjo3'ed all the Blessings of Civil Life, cannot but be deeply 
affected, when the Channels through which these Blessings are 
derived to us are obstructed ; which is at present our unhappy 
Case. The Courts of Law within the Province in which alone Jus- 
tice can be distributed among the People, so far as respects Civil 
Matters are to all intents and purposes shut up, for which your 
Memorialists apprehend no Just and legal Reason can be 
Assigned. 

We have always understood that the Law is the great rule of 
Right, the Security of our Lives and Propertys, and the best Birth 
right of Englishmen : Under the Apprehensions we make our 
humble Applications to your Excellency in Council, with whom the 
executive Power within the Province is constitutionally lodged, 
that you would be pleased to give such Directions to the several 
Courts and their Officers, as that under no Pretence whatever, we 
may be any longer deprived of this invaluable Blessing : And 
your Memorialists pray that they may be heard upon this most im- 
portant Subject by their Council learned in Law. 

And as in Duty bound, they ever pray & c 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P : M : 

3 : OClock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

[67O.] Voted, that the Committee appointed to present the 
above Memorial to His Excellency in Council, be desired to do it 
as soon as possible, and that the Town Clerk acquaint Jeremiah 
Gridley Esq. the Hon ble James Otis Esq. and Mr John Adams of 
the Vote respecting their being apply'd to as Council to appear in 
behalf of the Town in support of said Memorial 

Adjourned to Satturday next 10 O'C : A : M : 



100 Cixr DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Saturday December 21. 1765. Met according to Adjournm*. 

M r Samuel Adams Chairman of the Committee appointed to 
present the Petition of the Town to his Excellency in Council for 
opening the Courts of Law within this Province Reported 
That they had presented the same, and that the Town had been 
heard thereon, by their Council Appointed for that purpose ; and 
that the Governor and Council had the Subject Matter of the 
Memorial now under consideration. 

Adjourned to 3 OClock P : M : 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment. 

M r . Adams again Reported That the Honourable the Coun- 
cil had come into some Resolves 1'elative to the Memorial of the 
Town to His Excellency in Council, a Copy of which had been 
handed him by the Deputy Secretary, which Resolves being read 
it was Voted that the same be entred upon the Town Records 

And they are as follows Viz*. 

At a Council held at the Council Chamber in Boston upon Sat- 
turday the 21 st . Day of Decem r . 1765 

The Board proceeded to the Consideration of the Memorial of 
the Town of Boston, and came to the following resolves 
Viz'. 

That a Question in Law necessarily arises from said Memorial, 
namely, Whether the Officers of the Courts of Law can be justified 
in proceeding in their respective Offices with unstamp'd [671.] 
Papers, and it is thereupon Resolved that it is the Business 
of the Courts of Law to determine Points of Law, nor can the 
Board with any propriety direct or advise the said Courts in such 
Judgments or determination, and in this point of Law, under the 
present state of the Province the Board are desirous that the said 
Courts should be free in their Judgements, without any apprehen- 
sion of censure from the Board, It is therefore further 

Resolved, that the Subject Matter of this Memorial is not proper 
for the determination of this Board nor is it in the power of the 
Board to afford relief in the way and manner pray'd for, but the 
Board recommend it to the Justices of the Inferior Court of Com- 
mon Pleas for the County of Suffolk to determine the aforesaid 
Point of Law as soon as may be, and to the other Courts within 
the Province to determine it at or before their first respective 
Terms. 



A true Copy Att JN COTTON D Secry. 



Upon a Motion made and seconded the Question was put 
Viz' Whether the Town apprehend the above Resolves of Council 
in consequence of their Memorial to His Excellency, in Council to 
be satisfactory Passed in the Negative unanimously 

Adjourned to Thursday next 10 O'Clock A : M : 

Thursday December 26 th . 1765. Met according to Adjournment 

The Town being acquainted by several Gentlemen present, that 

the Courts of Probate within this Province would be opened; that 

the Sheriff of the County of Suffolk had served and was ready to 

serve all Writts brought to him, and that the Conrt of Common 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1766. 161 

Pleas for said County next in course to sit, would meet & proceed 
to Business ; and that M r Sheriff Greanleaff and M r . William Mul- 
lineux could give the Town further satisfaction relative to these 
particulars 

It was therefore Voted, that M r . Sheriff and Mr Mullineux be 
desired to inform the Town respecting these Matters M r . Sheriff 
accordingly declared that he had duly served all the Wrilts which 
had been given him for service to this Day And M r . Mullineux 
that [672.] Having discoursed the Judges of the Inferior Court 
he had no reason to doubt but that the aforesaid Court would at 
their next Term proceed to Business as usual 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted that when this 
Meeting be Adjourned, it shall be to Thursday the 16 th Day of 
January next 

Stephen Greanleaf Esq. Sheriff of the County of Suffolk having 
informed the Town that he and his Deputy M r . Benjamin Cudworth 
had each of them Yesterday received a Letter tending to the Dis- 
order of the Town which being read at the desire of the Town, it 
was thereupon 

Voted, unanimously that said Letters were highly abusive and 
inflamitery, and tending to the distruction of all good Order and 
Government; that they abhor and detest them, and that they will 
be at all Times ready to assist the Civil Majestrate and support 
all Officers in the execution of their Trust according to the Laws 
and usage of this Land, and also properly to reward the Person 
or Persons who shall discover and detect the Author or Authors 
of said Letters or either of them upon Conviction 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, unanimously 
That the Representatives of the Town be and they hereby are In- 
structed and directed to apply to his Excellency Francis Bernard 
Esq. as soon as may be, humbly to desire that the General Assem- 
bly of this Province be not further prorogued 

Then the Question was put Whether the Town would now 
Adjourn, which passed in the Affermative, and the Meeting was 
accordingly Adjourned to Thursday the 16 th . of January next 3. 
O'Clock P : M : 

Thursday the 16 th of January 1766. Met according to Adjourn- 
ment. 

M r . Adams Chairman of the Committee appointed to Liquidate 
[673.] The Accounts of the several Tradesmen who repaired 
Faneuil Hall, acquainted the Town that they were not then pre- 
pared to make Report thereon 

" Whereas the Inferior Court of Common Pleas for the County 
together with the Court of Probate is now open and Business 
goiug on as usual Voted, unanimously that the Representatives 
of the Town be and hereby are Instructed to use their utmost 
endeavours with the General Assembly at the present Session ; 
that Measures may be taken that Justice be also duly Administred 
in all the Countys throughout the Province and that enquiry may 
be made into the Reasons why the Courts of Justice in the Prov- 
ince has been in anv Measure obstructed 



162 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

It is further Voted unanimously, That the Representatives be 
also Instructed, to use their Influence in the General Assembly 
that proper enquiry may be made into the behavior of any Person 
or Persons who by their misconduct have either contributed towards 
the Difficultys we labor under respecting the Stamp Act, or have 
basely neglected to use their upright and best endeavors, to re- 
lieve us from those Difficultys " 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Honourable Jumes Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting 

for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting: was dissolved. 



[674 ] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in pub- 
lick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 10 th 

Day of March Anno Domini 1766 

Prayer was made by the Rev d D r Chauncy 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - read 

Sundry Laws enjoin'd to be read at this Meeting - read 

The Hon ble James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this Meet- 
ing, and took the Oath respecting his paying and reciving Bills of 
Credit of the Connecticut New Hampshire and Rhode Island 

Governments, as required by an Act of this Province 

William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing, 
and having taken the Oath respecting the Receiving and Paying 
Bills of Credit of the other Governments, took the Oath of Office 
for the faithful discharge of his Duty, which oaths were adminis- 

tred to him by John Avery Esq 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen, and the 

Votes being brought in and sorted it appeared that 

Joshua Henshaw Esq - - - - excused 
Joseph Jackson Esq - - - - Sworn 
Benjamin Austin Esq - - - - excused 
Samuel Sewall Esq ----- Sworn 
John Ruddock Esq ----- d 
John Hancock Esq ----- d 
M r John Winslovv ----- excused 

were chose Selectmen, for the Year ensuing 

[675.] Joshua Henshaw & Benjamin Austin Esq having 

excused themselves from serving as Selectmen the Year ensuing 

Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 

are given to the said Joshua Henshaw & Benjamin Austin Esq 

for their faithful services as Selectmen some Years past 

The Town brought in their Votes for two Selectmen in the room 
of those Gontlemen that had excused themselves from serving, and 

upon sorting them it appeared that 

William Phillips Esq. 
M r Timothy Newell 
were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1766. 163 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Overseers of the 
Poor, and upon sorting them, it appeared that 
John Barrett Ksq. 
The Hon ble Royal Tyler Esq. 
M r Benjanrn Dolbear 
Metatiah Bourn Esq 
Isaac Smith Esq. 
M r Jonathan Mason 
Joseph Gardner Esq. 
M r William Whitwell 
M r Henderson Inches 
Capt Benjamin Hammett 
M r Ebenezer Storer 

John Avery Esq (excused) 1 chose Page 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Wardens, and 
upon sorting them it appeard that 

Joseph Scott Esq - - - excused 
M r Thomas Ivers 
[676.] M r Thomas Trott 

M r Josiah Torrey 
M r Phillip Freeman 
M r Robert Gould 
Cap' Jeremiah Stimson 
M r Samuel Abbott 
M r William Boardman 
M r Neal M c lntyre 
M r Benjamin Phillips 
M r Daniel Parker 
were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing (all sworn) 

The Town brought in their Votes for a County Treasurer & 
which were sealed up and delivered to M r Constable Salmon to be 

returned to the Court of Sessions 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Register of Deeds & e . 
for the County of Suffolk, which were sealed up and delivered to 

M r Constable Salmon to be returned to the Court of Sessions 

The Town brought in their Votes for Sixteen Fire- Wards, and 
upon sorting them it appear'd, that 

Newman Grenough. Esq. 
Joseph Jackson Esq. - - - excused 
John Rowe Esq. 
M r . William Cooper 

M r . Samuel Austin - - - - excused 
M r . John Mico Wendell 
Thomas Marshall Esq. 
William Homes Esq. 
M r . Joseph Tyler 
M r . Jonathan Williams 
Cap*. Adino Paddock 
[677.] M r . James Richardson 

William Tayler. Esq. - - - (excused) 
Cap'. William Downe Cheever 



164 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

James Cunningham. Esq. 
Cap 4 . Benjamin Waldo 
were chose Fire- Wards for the Year ensuing (all sworn) 

Joseph Jackson Esq. M r . Samuel Austin and William Ta}"ler Esq. 
having excused themselves from serving the Town as Fire-Wards 

the Year ensuing 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the said Joseph Jackson, Samuel Austin and William Tayler for 

their faithful services as Fire- Wards, some Years past 

The Votes were brought in for Town Treasurer, and upon sort- 
ing them it appeard that M r . David Jeffries was chosen, and having 
taken the Oath respecting his paying and receiving Bills of Credit 
of the other Governments, took the Oath of Office for the faithful 
discharge of his Duty, which Oaths were admiuistred to him by 

Upon a Motion made and seconded the Question was put 
"Whether Constables and Collectors shall be Chose sepperate 

Passed in the Affermative 

Voted, that the Sum of Five Pounds be remitted out of the Ten 
Pounds Fine, to such Person as shall be Cbose into the Office of 
Constable for the Year ensuing, and shall decline serving. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Constables, the 
Persons chose into that Office and sworn are 
Mess. Augustus Hail 
Francis Salmon 
Peter Barbour 
[678.] John Mein 

Hugh Torbet 
Eobert Gorden 
James Anderson 
John Stevenson 
George Lindsey 
James Charity 
William M c .Alpine 
William Corbitt (2 more hereafter) 
Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3 O'Clock. 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

The Town brought in their Votes for One Selectman, and upon 
sorting them it appear'd that 

John Eowe Esq. sworn 

was chosen a Selectman for the Year ensuing. 

The Petition of the Collectors of Taxes for 1765 was read and 
after Debate had thereon 

Voted, that said Petitioners be and hereby are allowed the Sum 
of Nine Pence on the Pound as a Premium on the Monys by them 
Collected the last Year ; a former Conditional Vote notwithstand*. 
Voted, that the Sum of Nine Pence on the Pound be and hereby 
is allowed to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of Taxes 
for the Year ensuing, for all such Sums as they shall Collect, pro- 
vided they pay into the Town Treasury one half part of the whole 
Sum they are obliged to pay him, within four Months from the 
Time they receive the Tax Books from the Assessors, and the 
other halt' part in Three Months after ; and also pay into the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1766. 105 

Province and County Treasuries One half part of the whole Sum 
they shall be obliged to pay them [679.] Respectively in Seven 
Months from the Time they shall receive the Tax Books from the 
Assessors as aforesaid, and the other half part in Five Mouths 
after; and in case either of said Collectors shall fail paying in the 
manner aforesaid, the Col'ector so failing shall not be entitled to 
the aforesaid Allowance of Nine Pence on the Pound ; but wholly 
forfeit the same ; provided also that each of said Collectors give 
Bond with sufficient Sureties to the satisfaction of the Selectmen, 
for the faithful discharge of their Duty in said Office, and comply- 
ing with this Vote 

Voted, that the Selectmen shall have a discretionary Power as to 
the payment of the Collectors Premium for the Year ensuing any 

former Vote notwithstanding 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Four Collectors of 
Taxes, and upon sorting them it appear'd that 
Jonathan Pay son Esq. 
M r . Sampson Salter 
M r . Edward Holly day 
M r . Samuel Ruggles. Jun r . (all Sworn) 

were chose into that Office 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven Assessors, and 
upon sorting them it appeared that 

Mess. William Fairfield 
John Kneeland 
Benjamin Church 
Belcher Noyes Esq. 
M r . William Torrey 
M r . Jonathan Brown 
M r . Daniel Pecker 

were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing 

The Petition of sundry Inhabitants "That some Measures may 
[68O.] Be taken for the more effectually regulating of Bakers 
Bread" was read After Debate had thereon it was moved that 
said Petition be dismist, and the Question being accordingly put 

Passed in the Affermative 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Clerks of the 
Market, and upon sorting them it appear'd that 

Mess". John Welch - excused 

Paul Revear - d. 

Adam Colson - Sworn 

Thomas Crafts - excused 

James Thompson - - sworn 

Bartho. Kneeland - d. 

Joseph Webb - - - d. 

John Lovel - ... d. 

Nicholas Bowes ... excused 
Elisha Eaton - d. 

Thomas Symms Sworn 

Robert Jenkins Tertius - - d. 

were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing 5 more 
M r . John Gray 



1G6 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

was chosen Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensuing 

Mess. William Nichols 

Andrew Symms 

Clement Collins 

Henry Allen 

Isaac Vergoose 

John Grenough 

Jacob Thayer 

Joseph Edmunds 

John Skillins 
[681] John Sergeant 

Richard Walker Mem. all sworn. 

John Champney 
were chose Surveyors of Boards and Shingles for the Year ensu 

ing 

Mess. Samuel Dyer sworn 

John Dyer 

Obediah Low 

John Joy sworn 

William Crafts d. 

were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Ebenezer MMntosh 

Samuel Bangs 

William Andrews 

John Shepherd 

William Stevenson 

were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing, & all sworn 
Mess. Nathaniel Gardner 

Samuel Whitwell 

were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing 

Mess. Peter Cotta - - Sworn 

Manesseh Masters d. 

Joseph Dyer d. 

John Harskins 

David Spear 

Nathan Spear 

Jonathan Jenkins 

Samuel Treat 

Robert Brick Jun r . 
[683.] Job Wheelwright 

Joshua Pico 

Benjamin Salt - Sworn 

Paul Baxter 

John Owen 

Thomas Knox 

Samuel White - d. 

Edward Cowell - - d. 

Edward Potter - - d. 

Peter Ellis d. 

Timothy Pease - d. 

Robert Treat - - d. 

Nathaniel Waterman d. 

Jacob Williams - - d. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1766. 167 



were chose Cullers of Staves & c . for Year ensuing 

Mess. David Simens 

Thomas Curtis sworn 

were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing 

M r . Edward Curtis - - d 

was chosen Hay ward for the Year ensuing 

Mess. Benjamin Edes 

Thomas Chase - Sworn 

Benjamin Homans d. 

William Rogers d. 

Jolly Allen. d. 

John Adams d. 

Nathaniel Cobbet d. 

Jeremy Webb d. 

Andrew Boardman d. 

Robert Williams d. 

[683.] Clement Jackson 

Daniel Eveleigh 

were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing 

The Selectmen 

were chose Surveyors of High Ways for the Year ensuing 

Mess. John Green and David Wheeler having at their own cost 
and charge, built and compleated a Fire Engine, which upon tryal 
does honor to the Country as well as the Constructors ; the use 
thereof on all occasions by means of Fire that may happen they 
now offer the Town, provided they will keep the same in good re- 
pair, and allow the Men belonging thereto, the Exemptions and 
Privileges indulged the other Engine-Men It is therefore Voted 
that the Town do accept of the said generous proposal, and 
that the said Master and Men when approved by the Selectmen, 
be and hereby are excused and exempted from all such Duty, and 
Entitled to all such Privileges and Allowances, as are the other 
Engine Men, and this so long as the Town shall be obliged and 
served with the use of said Engine 
Voted that Mess. John Muffatt 

Ezekiel Price 

Thomas Gray 

John Boy Is ton 

Nicholas Boylston 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the 
Accounts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accounts of the 
Overseers of the Poor, and the said Committee are injoin'd to inspect 
every particular Account of the Moneys expended for the use of the 
Alms house ; they are also impowered when they shall Audit said 
Accompts, to allow such of the Overseers as shall advance Moneys 
for the relief of the Poor, Interest on all such Sums from the Time 

so Advanced, till they shall have Audited said Accompts 

[684.] The Selectmen Reported on the Accompt of M r John 
Fenno Keeper of the Granary for the Year past, which Accompt as 
entred in his Books (and on File in the Town Clerks Office) was 
read whereupon it was Voted, that the same be accepted, and 
that M r . Fenno be accountable to the Town for 300 Bushels of 



168 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Indian Corn and forty Bushels of Rye Meal amounting to 
51 ,, 13 ,, 4 and also for the Sum of 273 ,, 18 ,, 1 Cash now 
in his Hands, exclusive of the Sum of 26 ,, 13 ,,4 for his Salary 
and Assistance, as charged in his Accompt which is hereby 

allowed him 

William Phillips Esq. 
Joseph Jackson Esq. 
William Homes Esq. 

were chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing ; and they 
are desired and impowered to give all needful Directions to the 
Keeper of the Granary respecting the Quantity of Grain to be 

sold and affixing the price ihere'of from Time to Time 

Mess" Martin Gay 

John Skinner 

were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing 
John Tuder Esq. 
M r . John White 

were chose Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing 

Voted that the Consideration of Schoolmasters Salarys and all 
other Salarys and Grants, be referred to next May Meeting. 
Adjourned to Tuesday Morning 10. O'Clock. A M : 

Tuesday Morning 10 O'Clock A : M : Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

[685.] A Letter from the Town of Plymouth directed to the 
Town Clerk of Boston in order to be laid before the Town at their 
present Meeting was accordingly laid before them, and is as fol- 
lows Vizt 

To the Respectable Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
Gentlemen 

At a Time when the Rights and Liberties of this Country are 
invaded, and the Inhabitants threatned with the Loss of every 
Thing that is dear to them, when they are embarrassed with every 
distress that is the never failing consequence of Slavery and Pov- 
erty, no Man of Society of Men, who are Sharers in the common 
Calamity (unless totally destitute of every Spark of Public Virtue 
and Patriotism) can remain unfealing and inactive Spectators, but 
must be ready on all Occasions to bless the Hearts which feel, and 
the Hands that exert themselves to avert the Evils threatned, and 
to restore that happiness which constantly attends the full Enjoy- 
ment of Natural and Constitutional Rights and Liberties 

We therefore the Inhabitants of the Town of Plymouth, ani- 
mated with a Spirit of publick Virtue and Love of our Country, as 
well as Gratitude to all our Benefactors, and more especially to 
such as have distinguished themselves in the Common Cause of 
their Country in this Day of Distress and Difficulty, and being As- 
sembled in Town Meeting for that purpose, as a publick Testimony 
of our Esteem and Gratitude, beg you to accept our united and 
general Thanks for the invariable Attachment you have on all Oc- 
casions and particularly the present shown to the Principles of 
Liberty, and for the vigorous Exertions of your Loyal and Legal 
Endeavours to secure to our Country the uninterrupted Enjoyment 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1766. 169 

of that Blessing, & to transmit the same intire and perfect to the 
latest Poterity Instances of this much to your Honor and the 
Interest of your Country, Distinguish'd by the unerring Marks of 
Disinterestedness and Generosity crowd upon our Minds on this 
Occasion : But to avoid the imputation of Prolixity permit us to 
single out a few which are recent, and must readily occur to every 
one Mind, and which are sufficient of themselves to Justify our 
Sentiments and merit the Gratitude of every Well-wisher to his 
Country. 

[686.] The new Regulations with Regard to Mourning which 
has not only saved this Countiy, a great and needless Expence, 
and in a manner abolished a rediculous Pagentry, but produced 
Consequences in our Mother Country very beneficial to us ; and all 
principally at your Expeuce, as your Merchants were the principal 
Importers and Venders of those Articles ; A Measure which at the 
same Time that it reflects a Lustre upon your Conduct shews by 
the Success of it, that the People of this Country have Virtue 
enough to prefer its Interests to any Fashion that may stand in 
compition with it, however establish'd by long Custom and very 
particular Prejudices 

The Opposition you have at all Times made, both to the Forreign 
& Domestick Invasion of our Rights ; and particular the Legal & 
Warrantable Measures you have taken to prevent the Execution of 
the Stamp Act in this Province 

The Spirited and noble Application you have made to have the 
Custom Houses and Courts of Justice opened in this Province 
upon which our wellfare Peace and Trauquility so much 
depend 

The Testimony }*ou have from first to last born against and the 
abhorrence you have expressed of all outrageous Tumults and 
Illegal proceedings, and their Consequences, and the Measures 
very early taken to restore Tranquility, and the security of Prop- 
erty in your Town, the Capital of this Province ; and the good 
Example thereby given to the other Towns of that love of Peace 
and good order which influenced you, and which we think sufficient 
to destroy all those injurious reflections the work of some Peoples 
Imaginations ; and from which they affect to draw Consequences 
not only disadvantageous to you, but to the whole Country. 

To conclude, that you and your Posterity ma}' ever be possessed 
of the full Enjoyment of that Liberty you have so laudably 
asserted, and contended for ; that your Trade and Commerce the 
Source of Riches and Oppulence to this Country, maybe extended 
and flourish ; that you may ever continue to deserve and have the 
Justice done you to be possessed of the Love and Esteem of your 
Fellow Country Men who renouncing that Solecism in Politicks, 
which arise from an unnatural Distinction between Landed and 
Commercial Interests shall exert themselves to encourage your 
Hearts [687.] And strengthen your Hands are the sincere 
Wishes and ardent Prayers of your Fellow Subjects to the best of 
Kings, your Fellow Sufferers in the Calamity s of this Country, and 
your Fellow Labourers in the Vine Yard of Liberty 

THE INHABITANTS OF THE TOWN OF PLYMOUTH. 



170 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

The Town having Considered of the Subject Matter of the above 
Letter, it was Voted, that M r Samuel Adams 

John Ruddock Esq. 
John Hancock Esq. 

be a Committee to draw up a Letter of Thanks to the Town of 
Plymouth. 

That Article of the Warrant Viz* " To consider of a Proposal of 
the Overseers of the Poor, that the Towns Land North of the 
Almshouse may be improved for the use of said House " was read, 
and the Question being put Whether said Land shall be im- 
proved by the Overseers of the Poor for the use of the Alms- 
house Passed in the Affermative 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that the Select- 
men be desired to Examine the Claims of those Persons that dis- 
pute the Towns Tittle to part of the Land near the Almshouse ; 
and that they endeavor for an amicable Settlement of any such 
dispute. 

That Article in the Warrant Viz 4 " To consider what is 
proper to be done relative to Land near the South Market, the 
use of which was granted to Cap* Theophilus Frary, His Heirs & c 
for Seventy Years from the Year 169o which is now in the 
Occupation of M r Robert Hews" was read, whereupon Voted, 
that this Matter be left to the consideration of the Selectmen, who 
are desired to Report at the Adjournment 

The Petition of sundry Inhabitants for paving Bear Lane was 
read, after debate had thereon 

Voted, that the Town will pay One third part of the Expence 
of paving said Lane when compleated to the satisfaction of the 
Selectmen 

[688.] The Petition of John Child late Sealer of Leather 
" that he may be Reimbursed by the Town the Charges incurred 
by sustaining several Suits at Law on Account of Shoes seized by 
him & c " was read and after debate had -thereon. 

Voted, that the said M r Child's Loss be made good by the Town, 
after his Accompts shall be Examined, and properly Liquidated 
by the Selectmen 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are impowered and 
directed to set for the Abatement of such Taxes as they shall 
Judge reasonable on every Thursday till the first Thursday in 
April inclusive and no longer, saving that they be allowed to set 
the two last Weeks in November for the Abatement of the Taxes 
of such Persons as had not an Opportunity of applying on the 
above limitted Time, by reason of their being out of the Province ; 
at which Time they are also allowed & impowered to abate the 
Taxes of such Persons as may have died Insolvent or become 
Bankrupts between the said last Thursday in April and the last 
Day of November 

The Committee Appointed the 18 th of September last to Liqui- 
date the Accompts of tl e several Tradesmen concerned in the 
Repairs of Faneuil Hall - - - Reported That having care- 
fully Examined the following Accompts they are of Opinion that 
they are Jusl and reasonaole. and the several Persons are at this 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1766. 



171 



Time Entitled to the Payment of their Respective Demands 
Viz'. 



M r . Samuel Ruggles --------- 


<i_ 1 O t 1 

451 , 
319 
337 
48 
170 
40 
130 
42 
32 
12 
82, 
6, 


, U ,, A 

, 14 6 

17 ,,3 
14 ,,9 
19 ,, 2 
-,,7 
10 ,,9 
10 ,,4 
4,, 
14 ,,8 
18 54 
, 6 ,, 8 
> 5 ,, 






M r . Josiah Waters ---------- 
M r . Edward Winter --------- 


[689.] M r . Joseph Shed 
M r . Timothy Thornton -------- 


M r . John McLean -- 


Besides which there is an Accompt of M r . 
Henry Christian Geyer amount* to 173 ,, 4 ,, 
Of M r . Ebenezer Messinger - - 48 ,, ,, 


2963 2 42 
1 



Of which the Committee have not had 

Opportunity of being satisfied 

And John Scollay Esq. his Accompt 387 



17 ,,3 



609 



3572 



3 ,,8 



Which being already fully discharged the Committee did not 
take under their Consideration 

After Debate had upon the above Report, it was Voted that the 
same be accepted 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, That the Trades- 
men concerned in the Repairs of Faneuil Hall, shall for the 
amount of that part of said Repairs, which is not included in their 
Contract with the Town, have their Drafts on the Treasury for 
the respective Sums due to them, and that they be allowed Inter- 
est thereon from the Date of said Drafts untill the Time of Pay- 
ment. It was further Voted, that what appears to be now due 
to the several Tradesmen to balance their Accompts, they shall 
receive Interest for, and that the Moneys arising from the Rents 
of Faneuil Hall Market, shall be appropriated to the discharge of 
the Principal and Interest of said Debts, untill the whole be paid 
by the Mony raised by Lotterys, and by the Income of said 
Market. 

Voted, that the Committee Appointed to Liquidate said Trades- 
mens Accompts be desired to compleat the Business, by Liquidat- 
ing such of those Accompts as were omitted ; Their Report to be 
laid before the Town at their Adjournment, and that M r . Edward 
Payne be added to [69O.] Said Committee in the room of John 
Rowe Esq. who declines serving. 

That Article in the Warrant Viz* "To consider of the Desire 
of a number of the Inhabitants that some Agreement may become 



172 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

into not to purchase any Lamb before a particular Time affixed by 

the Town " was read whereupon 

Voted, that M r . Nathaniel Holmes 

Samuel Swift Esq. 

M r . Samuel Dcmming 

M r . John Pidgeon 

M r . Joseph Belknap 

Cap'. Daniel Malcomb 

M r . Robert Peirpoint 

M r . John Ruggles 

Thomas Daws Esq. 

Thomas Marshall Esq. 

M r . John Ballarcl 

M r . John Mico Wendell 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to draw up such an 
Agreement as the Petitioners desire, and to procure Subscriptions 

accordingly 

Adjourned to Monday 24 th . Instant 10 O'Clock A : M : 

Monday March 24 th . Met according to Adjournment. 

Mess" John Simkins -------- Sworn 

James Bridgham d. 

Benjamin Peirpoint 

Jonas Clarke -------- d. 

Ziphion Thayer -------- d. 

were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing 

John Avery Esq. chosen an Overseer of the Poor, having 
[691.] Been excused from serving in that Office. 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to the said John Avery Esq. for his faithful services as 

an Overseer of the Poor, the last Year 

The Town brought in their Votes for one Warden, and upon 
sorting them it appeared that 

John Leveret Esq. 
was chosen a Warden for the Year ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Three Fire- Wards, and 
upon sorting them it appeard, that 
John Hancock Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams - - - - Sworn 
M r . Francis Shuw ----- <J. 

were chose Fire Wards for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for One Overseer of the Poor 
and upon sorting them it appear'd, that, 

M r . William Greanleaff 

was chosen an Overseer of the Poor for the Year ensuing 

The Committee appointed to make answer to the Letter from 
the Town of Plymouth, Reported the following Draft 

To the Inhabitants of the Town of Plymouth 
Gentlemen 

The Inhabitants of the Town of Boston legally assembled 
in Faneuil Hall have received with singular pleasure, your respect- 
ful Address of the 16 th . of January last: The warm Sentiments 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1766. 173 

of public Virtue which you therein express is a sufficient Evidence, 
that the most ancient Town in New England to whose Predeces- 
sors this Province in a particular manner is so greatly indebted 
for their nccessaiy Aids in its original [692.] Settlement still 
retain the truly noble Spirit of our renowned Ancestors When 
we recollect the ardent love of Religeon and Liberty, which in- 
spired the Breasts of those Worthys ; which induced them at the 
Time when Tyranny had laid its oppressive Hand on Church and 
State in their Native Country, to forsake their fair Possessions 
and seek a Retreat in ihis distant Part of the Earth When 
we reflect upon their early care to lay a soiled Foundation for 
Learning, even in a Wilderness, as the surest if not the only 
Means of preserving and cherishing the Principles of Liberty 
and Virtue, and transmitting them to us their Posterity, our 
Mind is filled with deep Veneration, and we bless and revere 
their Memory. 

When we consider the immense Cost and Pains they were at in 
subduing, cultivating, and settling this Land, with the utmost 
Peril of their Lives ; and the Surprizing increase of Dominion 
Strength and Riches, which has accrued to Great Britian by their 
Expence & Labour we confess we feel an honest Indignation to 
think there ever should have been any among her Sons, so un- 
grateful as well as unjust and Cruel as to seek their Ruin 

Instances of this too frequently occur in the past History of our 
Country : The Names of Randolph, of Andross and others are 
handed down to us with Infamy ; And the Times in which we live, 
even these very Times, may furnish some future Historian with a 
Catalogue of those, who look upon our rising Greatness with an 
envious Eye ; and while we and our Sister Colonies, have been 
exerting our growing Strength in the most substantial services to 
the Mother Country, by Art and Intrigue have wickedly attempted 
to deceive her into Measures to enslave us If then Gentlemen, 
the Inhabitants of this Metropolis, have discovered an invariable 
Attachment to the Principles of Liberty, when it has been invaded : 
If they have made the most vigorous Exertions for our Country 
when she has been threatned with the Loss of every Thing that 
has been dear : If they have used their utmost Endeavors that 
she may be relieved from those Difficulties, with which She is at 
this Time embarrassed ; If they have taken the Legal and war- 
rantable Measures to prevent that [693.] Misfortune of all 
others the most to be dreaded, the Execution of the Stamp Ac.t; 
and as a necessary Means of preventing it, have made any Spirited 
Applications for opening the Custom House and Courts of Justice ; 
If at the same Time they have bore their Testimony against out- 
rageous Tumults and illegal proceedings, and given any Example 
of the Love of Peace & good order next to the consciousness of 
having done their Duty is the Satisfaction of meeting with the 
Approbation of any of their Fellow Countrymen 

That the Spirit of our venerable Forefathers, may revive and 
be defused through every Community in this Land : That Libertv 
Civil and Religeons, the grand Object of their View, may still be 
felt enjoy'd & vindicated by the present Generation, and the fair 



174 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Inheritance, transmitted to our latest Posterity, is the fervent wish 

of the Metropolis Submitted by 

SAMUEL ADAMS 
JOHN RUDDOCK 
JOHN HANCOCK 

Voted, that the same be accepted, and that the Town Cleric be 
& he hereby is directed to transmit as soon as may be to the Town 
Clerk of Plymouth, a fair attested Copy thereof, in order to its 
being laid before said Town ; and that the samo be published in 
the Publick Prints 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that there be two 
Persons chose as Constables for this Town in addition to the 
twelve already chose and sworn into that Office 

The Town brought in their Votes for two Constables, and upon 
sorting them it appear'd that 

Mess". Abiel Ruddock - - Excused 

James Thomas - d. 

were chose Constables 

Mess Benjamin Clark 

John Kilbey 
were chose Constables for the Year ensuing 

[694.] M r . Samuel Turner 

was chose a Surveyor of Boards for the Year ensuing 

It was moved and seconded that the Town reconsider their 
Vote relative to M r . Childs Petition, and after some Debate had 
thereon it was Voted, that this Motion be taken up and considered 
at the next General Town Meeting 

The Representatives of the Town having expressed their Desire 
of being Instructed by their Constituents relative to the expe- 
diency of a Repeal or amendment of the Bankrupt Act, the Con- 
sideration of which is to come before the General Court at their 
next Session It was 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to warn a Meeting of the 
Inhabitants that the Sense of the Town may be taken respecting 
this Matter, if it should appear to them that the General Assem- 
bly is like to meet at the Time to which they stand Adjourned ; or 
in case of a dissolution of the Court, that they have an Article in 
the Warrant for next May Meeting for this special purpose 

Voted that all Matters and Things that remain uufinish'd at 
this Meeting be and hereby are referred over to the General Town 
Meeting in May next, to be then considered of and acted upon 

Voted, unanimous!} 1 , that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to the Honourable James Otis Esq. the Moderator of 
this Meeting, for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



A considerable Number of the Inhabitants of this Town Assem- 
bled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 1 st . Day of April Anno : 
Domini 17G6 

The Honourable James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of the 
Meeting 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1766. 175 

The Moderator then acquainted the Assembly, that the. prob- 
ability of very soon receiving authentic Accounts of the absolute 
Repeal of the Stamp Act. had occasioned the present Meeting ; 
and as this would be an Event in which the Inhabitants of this 
Metropolis, as well as all North America, would have the greatest 
Occasion of Joy, it was thought expedient by many, that this 
Meeting should come into Measures for fixing the Time when 
those Rejoicings should be made, and the manner in which they 
should be conducted whereupon it was 

Voted, That the Selectmen be desired when they shall hear the 
certain News of the Repeal of the Stamp Act. to fix upon a Time 
for general Rejoicings ; and that they give the Inhabitants season- 
able Notice in such Manner as they shall think best 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in Publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 21 st . Da}* of 
April Anno Domini. 1766 

The Honourable James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of 
[696.] This Meeting, and took the Oaths required by an Act 
of this Province 

After the Warrant for calling the Meeting had been read 
Some Resolves of the House of Commons relative to American 
Affairs, as also sundry Extracts from late Letters received from 
England were also read 

After which the Town took into consideration the Article in the 
"Warrant for calling the Meeting. (Viz 1 ) To agree on such Meas- 
ures of Conduct as may be proper when we shall receive certain 
advice of the Repeal of the Stamp Act whereup 

Voted, That the Selectmen be desired when they shall have a 
certain account of the Repeal of the Stamp Act to Notify the In- 
habitants of the Time they shall fix upon for the general Rejoic- 
ings & to publish the following Vote Viz*. 

Under the deepest Sense of Duty and Loyalty to our most 
gracious Sovereign King George, and in respect and Gratitude to 
the present Patriotick Ministry, M r . Pitt, and the Glorious Major- 
ity of both Houses of Parliament, by whose Influence under 
Divine Providence against a most strenuous Opposition, a happy 
Repeal of the Stamp Act so unconstitutional as well as grievous 
to his Majestys good Subjects of America is attained, whereby 
our incontestable Right of Infernal Taxation still remains to us 
inviolate Voted, that at the Time the Selectmen shall ap- 
point, every Inhabitant be desired to Illuminate his Dwelling 
House, and that it is the Sense of the Town, that the Houses of 
of the Poor, as well as those where there are sick Persons and all 
such parts of Houses as are used for Stores together with the 
Houses of those (if there are any) who from certain Religeous 
Scruples cannot conform to this Vote, ought to be protected from 
all Injury ; and that all Abuses and Disorders on the Evening for 



176 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Rejoycings by breaking Windows, or otherwise, if any should 

happen, be prosecuted by the Town 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted unanimously, [697.] 
That the Majestratcs of the Town ; The Selectmen ; Fire-NVards ; 
Constables and Engine Men, be desired to use their utmost 
Endeavours to prevent any Bone-Fires being made in any part of 
this Town, also the throwing of Rockets, Squibs, and other Fire 
Works in any of the Streets of said Town except the Time that 
shall be appointed for general Rejoicings, and that the Inhabitants 
be desired for the present to restrain their Children and Servants 

from going abroad on Evenings 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, That for the Security 
of the Powder House on the Night of general Rejoicings the Select- 
men be desired to Order two of the Fire Engines into the Common 
to be placed near said Magazine : and that the Roof thereof be 
well wet ; and that the Air Holes be stop't with Mortar and Brick 

or otherwise as they may Judge proper 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that 

The llon ble . John Erving Esq. 

John Rowe P^sq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

John Hancock Esq. 

The Hon ble . Royal Tyler Esq. 

Thomas Gushing Esq. 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to take into Considera- 
tion and Report at May Meeting, what they think may be further 
necessary for the Town to do, in order to testify their Gratitude to 
those Patriots on the other side of the Water to whose Endeavors 
it is owing that the Liberties of America are secured, and Love 
and Harmony between his Majestys Subjects in Great Britain and 
the Colonies, is perpetuated, by the happy Repeal of the Stamp 

Act 

Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
[698.] are given to the Hon ble . James Otis Esq. the Moderator of 

this Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 6 th . Day of 
May Anno Domini. 1766 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Pemberton 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting - - read 

Sundry Laws ------ Read 

Coll . Joseph Jackson Esq. one of the Selectmen proposed in 
their Name to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the choice 
of one or more Persons to Represent them in the Great and 
General Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday 
the 28 th . Day of May Current ; and in order thereto to consider 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1766. 177 

and ascertain the number of Gentlemen to be Elected ; accordingly 
it was Voted to proceed to the choice of Four Representatives, and 
then it was declared by the Selectmen, that no Votes will be re- 
ceived but such as are unfolded, & that they propose the Poll shall 
be closed at 12 O'Clock" 

The Votes being brought in the Number of Votes were found to 
be 746, and upon sorting them it appeared that the Four following 
Gentlemen were chose Viz'. 

[699.] The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. - - - - 642 

Thomas Gushing Esq. ------676 

M r . Samuel Adams -------691 

John Hancock Esq. -------437 

The choice of Representatives being over, and declared by the 
Selectmen, the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw, and bring 
in their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting in order that the 
Town may proceed in transacting the other Affairs mentioned in 
the Warrant ; accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew, and brought 
in their Votes and upon sorting them it appeared, that the Hon ble . 
James Otis Esq. was chosen 

M r . Thomas Gray having excused himself from serving as a 
Representative, Voted unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town 
be and hereby are given to the said Gentleman for his faithful ser- 
vices as a Representative of this Town in General Assembly, some 
Years past 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3. O'Clock. P : M : 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment. 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants " for Paving the Street 
leading from Water Street into Milk Street " was read, and 
after debate had thereon 

Voted, that the Town be at the Expence of Forty Five Pounds 
"towards paving said Lane, the Land having been given by one of 
the Petitioners, provided the rest is made up by Subscription, and 
the Paving compleated to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen 

The following is the Copy of a Letter from Coll . Barree, Mem- 
ber of Parliament to James Otis Esq. as Chairman of the Commit- 
tee appointed to transmit him the Thanks of the Inhabitants of 
this Metropolis, for [7OO.] His Patriotick Speech at the last 
Session of Parliament in favor of the Colonies, which was laid 

before the Town by said M r . Otis 

Sir 

It is with the highest Sense of the Honor done me I acknowl- 
edge the Receipt of your Letter dated Boston New England 
September 20 th . with the unanimous resolution of the committee 
inclosed containing expressions of approbation from the Metropolis 
of His Majestys ancient and loyal Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay, which are exceeding flattering to me During the last 
war, the course of my profession gave me frequent and pleasing 
opportunities of observing attentively the spirit, loyalty, and 
attachment of his Majestys North American Subjects, in support 
of a war begun in defence of the limits of North America, and 
continued to the honor and immortal glory of this Nation in every 
part of the world. 



178 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

My natural attachment to this country, a regard to its most 
solid interests, to its improvements in time of peace (which so 
greatly depends on the establishing our late extended commerce 
upon those generous and steady principles, which a happy experi- 
ouce, and the information of those most materially concerned can 
suggest) and to the uniting of our strength in case of any future 
rupture, has and will ever make me desirous of promoting every 
measure that may contribute to those good effects, and of strongly 
deprecating those of a contrary tendency. My conduct in Parlia- 
ment so obligingly referr'd to, being the real sentiments of my 
heart, was the natural result of those considerations. The terms 
in which they were delivered were such as the particular circum- 
stances of time and place first suggested, and such as I cannot 
possibly at this distance charge my memory with. They were not 
premeditated, nor are they perhaps worthy to be remembred. I 
must therefore beg your meditation Sir, with the respectable body 
whose pen you hold, to excuse my troubling them with an imper- 
fect repetition of words in themselves of little use in North 
America. But if there should be any call for the like exertions in 
Europe. I beg leave thro. [7O1.] Your means to assure them 
that no consideration shall make me forget my duty, whensoever 
an occasion presents itself, of promoting to the utmost of my 
ability s, the united interest of Great Britain and her Colonies 

As long as the Inhabitants of Massachusetts Bay will continue 
to regard the motives of my conduct, and not the consequences, 1 
do not despair of retaining, what I shall ever esteem among the 
greatest rewards, their approbation, of which I cannot have a 
more honourable or distinguishing mark than that contaiu'd in the 
last part of their resolution. A flattering request which I shall 
comply with as soon as possible 

My being abroad the whole summer prevented me from having- 
the Honor of receiving your letter sooner than the end of december ; 
this circumstance 1 beg may be communicated to the gentlemen of 
the committee and to your respectable fellow citizens : At the 
same time you will accept I hope of rny sincere thanks, for your 
very polite manner of communicating to me their sentiments, and 
for the trouble you have had on this occasion. 1 am with the 
greatest respect and personal regard 

Sir 

Your most obedient and 
most humble Servant 

London Jan r . 11. 17G6 ISAAC BAKREE 

To the Hon ble . James Otis Esq. 

M r . Otis also laid before the Town a Letter he had Just received 
from the Right Honorable General Conway one of his Majestys 

principal Secretarys of State ; the following is a Copy thereof 

S*. James's November 10. 1765. 
Sir 

I had the favor of your Letter of 20 th . of September last, trans- 
mitting to me the Thanks of the Town of Boston for a Speech 
made l>y me, last Session of Parliament, in favor of the Colonies. 
Though I am [7O2.] Persuaded, Sir, the Honor done me on this 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1766. 179 

Occasion is such as my feeble Efforts in a Question, where the 
Interest of the Colonies were concerned, could give me little pre- 
tentious to ; I cannot however be less sensible of this singular 
Mark of Distinction from the Inhabitants of Boston : I must there- 
fore beg thro' you, Sir, to return them my humble Thanks for this 
extraordinary Honor, and to assure them that my sincere and 
earnest Endeavours shall never be wanting to promote the Well- 
fare of the British Colonies ; persuaded that I can give no stronger 
Proof of Zeal for this Country, whose Interest I hold to be in- 
eepparable from those of her Provinces ; and that no true Friend to 
either can wish to sow or to encourage any Principles of Disgust 
or Division between them 

In regard to the Copy of my Speech which they do me the 
Honor to ask for, I must beg you, Sir, to make my excuse, as it 
has never been my Custom to commit to writing any weak 
Thoughts, I may presume at any Time to offer to Parliament ; nor 
if it were possible at this Distance of Time, to recollect the 
Arguments I might have used could I think what I said on the 
Occasion they alude to, by any means worthy of their Attention 
or Acceptance. 

The Honor done to me by the Gentlemen of Boston, in their 
Intention of allowing my Picture a Place in the Faueuil Hall, is 
such that I cannot but acknowledge with much Gratitude, as a 
singular Proof of their favourable Opinion : And since they are 
pleased to think it worth their Acceptance, the}* may depend upon 
my obeying their Commands upon that Subject 

I must beg leave to add to this my particular Thanks, for the 
very polite manner in which you have been pleased to communicate 
to me the above Resolutions, and to assure you of the greatest 

Esteem with which I am 

Sir 

Your most humble 

and obed'. Servant 

H. S. CON WAY 

[7O3.] Upon considering that Clause in the Warrant. (Viz 4 .) 
" To determine whether the Ground on the South Side and East 
End of the Market shall be paved "It was 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to Pave and Repair so 
much of the Ground within the Market Rails, at the South and 
East Side of the Market as they may Judge proper 

The Committee appointed to open a Subscription for raising 
Moneys for Building and Endowing a Bedlam Reported where- 
upon Voted that said Report lay upon the Table 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the VVarr'. (Viz*.) ''That 
the Sense of the Town may be known respecting the late Hon blc . 
Thomas Hancock Esq. Donation towards Building a Bedlam." 
Voted, that Foster Hutchinson Flsq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
John Ruddock Esq. 
William Phillips Esq. 
Melatiah Bourn Esq. 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to take this Matter into 



180 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Consideration, and Report what is proper to be done by the Town, 

at the Adjournment of this Meeting . 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant. (Viz 1 .) " To 

determine what steps shall be taken relative to the Bankrupt Act " 

Voted, that it be an Instruction to the Representatives of this 

Town in General Assembly, that they move for a Repeal of the 

present Bankrupt Act 

Voted, that this Representatives move that any Bill relative to 
Bankrupts, that shall be brought into the House, be laid before 
the Town before it shall be passed into a Law It was further 
[7O4.] Voted, that John Rowe Esq. 

M r . William Mullineus 
William Phillips Esq. 
M*. Thomas Gray 
John A very Esq. 
Nathaniel Bethune Esq. 
Richard Clark Esq. 
M r . Henderson Inches 
M r . Edward Payne 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to consider and Report 
at the Adjournment of this Meeting their Opinion of a proper 
Bankrupt Bill for this Province. 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant. (Viz'.) 
" Whether Instructions shall be given to the Representatives that 

may be chosen " 

Voted, that Richard Dana Esq. 

Edmund Quincy, Tertius 
M r . Thomas Gray 
Joshua Henshaw Esq. 
Samuel Grant Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to draw up Instructions 
to the Representatives, and to Report the same at the Adjourn- 
ment of this Meeting. 

M r Stephen Cleverly 
was chosen a Clerk of the Market for the Year ensuing. 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday the 26 th . 
Instant, 10. O'Clock Before Noon 

Monday the 26 th . of May. 10. O'Clock. A : M : 

[7O5.] Town met according to Adjournment. 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Boston in Town 
Meeting Assembled May 1766 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Annual 
Meeting the 14 th . of May 1764 desiring the Selectmen to visit 
the several publick Schools in the Town, and to invite such Gentle- 
men to accompany them therein, as they should think proper, and 
to Report thereon 

We the Subscribers accordingly attended that service on 
Wednesday the 26. Day of June last accompanied by the follow- 
ing Gentlemen Viz 1 . 

The Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq. 
Thomas Flucker Esq. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1766. 181 

Harrison Gray Esq. 

James Bowcloin Esq. 

William Brattle Esq. 

Nathaniel Sparhawk. Esq. 
The Representatives of the Town 
The Overseers of the Poor 
The Rev d . Joseph Sewall D : D : 

Charles Chauncy D : D : 

Jonathan May hew D : D : 

M r . Samuel Mather 

M r . Andrew Elliot 

M r . Samuel Cheekley 

M r . Ebenezer Pemberton 

M r . Mather Byles 

M r . Samuel Checkley Jun*. 

M r . Samuel Cooper 

M r . Joseph Jackson 

Coll . Salstonstall of New London 

Nathaniel Thwing Esq. 

James Pitts Esq. 
T7O6.] John Tuder Esq. 

D r . Phil : God : Cast 

M r . Samuel Austin 

M r . William Parkman 

Cap*. Ichabod Jones 

M r . Alexander Hill 

M r . Jonathan Williams 

Ezekiel Goklthwait Esq. 

M r . Samuel Pemberton 

M r . Mansfield of Marblehead 

D r . Thomas Bullfinch 

D r . Nathaniel Perkins 

Cap*. Phillips of Castle William 

M r . John Mico Wendell 

The Surveyor General 

M r . John Smith 

M r . Peter Cherdon 

Henry Lloyd Esq. 

James Beauteneau Esq. 

M r . Edward Payne 

And found the South Grammar School had 119 Scholars 
the North Grammar School about - - - 47 Scholars 
the South Writing School ----- 250 Scholars 
the North Writing School ----- 246 Scholars 
the Writing School in Queen Street - - 246 Scholars 

all in very good order 

JOSHUA HENSHAW "] 
JOSEPH JACKSON 



BENJAMIN AUSTIN 
SAMUEL SEWALL 
JOHN RUDDOCK 
JOHN HANCOCK 



Selectmen 
of Boston* 



182 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

[7O7.] Voted, that the above Report be accepted and that 
the Gentlemen the Selectmen be desired to visit the publick 
Schools the Year ensuing, and that they desire such Gentlemen to 
accompany them therein, as they shall think proper, and con- 
venient, and that they Report thereon 

The Committee appointed to examine the Accounts of M r . 
David Jeffries Town Treasurer have attended that service, and 
find the same right Cast and well Vouched, in which he charges 
himself with sundry Fines, Rents and other Incomes of the Town 
as also with the Tax of 5000 all which amount to the Sum of 
12914 ., 1 ,, 5| including the balance of old Account 

And the said Treasurer discharges himself by sundry Abate- 
ments made the Collectors amounting to 1145 ,, 15 ,, 3$ by 
Drafts made by the Selectmen amounting to 3326 ,, 8 ,, 9 of 
which he has paid 2617 ,, 16 ,, 11 and by Drafts made by the 
Overseers of the Poor, which contain the charges of the Alms 
house amounting to 2658 ,, 17,, 7 d . of which he has paid 1464 ,, 
17 ,, 10. Also by sundry Sums paid for Interest amounting to 
207 ,, 17 ,, 10 the whole amounting to 7338 ,, 19 ,, 6f 

The said Committee have inspected said Drafts in a very par- 
ticular manner ; and have examined the Vouchers produced by the 
Overseers of the Poor for the amount of their Drafts, and every 
other branch of publick Charge, amounting in all as above to 
7338 ,, 19 ,, 6 as by Account of Town Treasury in the Town 
Treasurers Books, Balance whereof being 5575 ,, 1 ,, 10| is 
carried to the Credit of new Account 

Which Report and Account being read Voted, that the same 
be and hereby is accepted 

The Committee appointed to draw up Instructions for the Repre- 
sentatives of the Town, Reported the following Draft 

To the Hon ble . James Otis Esq. Thomas Cushing Esq. M r . 
Samuel Adams, and John Hancock Esq. 

[7O8.] Gentlemen 

The trust we your constituents have reposed in you, by chusing 
you to represent us in the approaching general assembly of this 
Province, is of so important a nature, that nothing short of an 
intire confidence in your wisdom and integrity, could have pre- 
vailed on us to have devolved it upon you. And although it is 
not customary for us to give Instructions to our representatives, 
for their conduct in all cases, or upon all occasions, yet we hold 
the right of so doing, whenever we think fit to be sacred and un- 
alienable. The present situation of this Province in particular, 
of North America in general, and of Great Britain and her Colo- 
nies, as a Nation, is such, that notwithstanding our confidence in 
your abilities, we apprehend it not improper for us to give you our 
advice, and instructions upon some of the important affairs which 
may come before you in that assembly : And we expect that you 
regulate your conduct therein accordingly 

In the first place, as to this province in .particular, it is our 
advice and instruction, that you endeavor as far as in you lieth, to 
support all the fundamental laws of our constitution, and maintain 
the authority of government upon every occasion. That you do 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1766. 183 

all in your power to prevent money, or any pretence whatsoever, 
being drawn out of the publick Treasury, contrary to the appro- 
priations thereof; and that if any such drafts shoul.i ever be made, 
you bear due testimony against it. 

That you be not parsimonious in the support of executive officers 
of government, but at the same time use all your influence against 
any one officers holding two or more places inconsistent or iuter- 
fereing with each other. That you take particular care in your 
choice of councilors and other officers of the government for the 
ensuing year, that they be men of integrity, and wisdom, lovers of 
liberty, and of our civil and ecclesiastical constitution ; not giving 
your suffrage for any whose characters are doubtfull, or who are 
of a timid or wavering disposition. That you bring forward and 
promote such an order as shall make the debates in the house of 
representatives as public as those in the House of Commons in 
Great Britain that you be very watchful over our Just rights, 
liberties and privileges [7O9.] And give us notice whenever you 
apprehend them in danger ; and for the total abolishing of slavery 
from among us ; that you move for a law, to prohibit the importa- 
tion and purchasing of slaves for the future. 

That you support and promote the commercial interests of this 
province on all occasions, as we apprehend the prosperity and 
increase thereof in a great measure depends upon the flourishing 
State of its trade : And that you by no means consent to the laying 
any unjust burden thereon, ever giving us the earliest notice of 
such an attempt. That you also encourage husbandry in all its 
branches, and that spirit of industry, frugality and oeconomy, 
which we rejoice to find hath already taken place, and so much 
increased among us of late. That you oppose any grants for 
erecting, maintaining, or garrisoning any useless or unnecessary 
Forts or fortresses, in any part of this province ; and if any such 
fortresses be now garrisoned and maintain'd at the public expence, 
that you do your utmost that such greieveances may be speedily 
redressed. That you at the same time duly support and encourage 
our seminaries of learning, by a suitable liberality to the governors 
and instructors thereof, more agreable to the importance of their 
office than to the parsimony heretofore observed in grants for that 
purpose ; since we apprehend that learning is the surest support 
of our constitution ; science being the handmaid of liberty, while 
ignorance is the nurse of slavery. 

In the next place with respect to North America in general, it 
is our advice and instruction, that you keep up a constant and 
friendly intercourse with the other English Governments on the 
Continent : That you conciliate divisions and differences if any be 
now subsisting, or should hereafter arise ; ever preferring their 
friendship and confidence, to the demands of rigorous Justice 
without them. In the last place as to Great Britain & her Colo- 
nies as a Nation It is our advice and instruction, that on all 
proper occasions you openly profess our duty and loyalty to the 
King ; and a constitutional subordination to parliament. That you 
treat his Majestys Representatives, and all his other officers here, 
with due respect ; being at the same time vigilant and Jealous, of 



184 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

our Just rights liberties and privileges ; in all [71O.] Cases pro- 
testing against and counteracting, with decent firmness every 
attempt in the least to abridge or infringe them. That you 
endeavor to promote that harmony, which ought ever to subsist 

between Great Britain and her Colonies 

The aforegoing Report having been read several times, and 
duly considered : It was Voted, unanimously, that the same be 

accepted 

The Committee appointed to take into consideration the Dona- 
tion of the late Honourable Thomas Hancock Esq. for building an 
Hospital or Bedlam for the reception of such unhappy persons as 
it may please God in his providence to deprive of their reason 

Report 

That they have met and considered of the same, and it appear- 
ing to the Committee that the Hon bte . Gentleman deceased for 
some years before his death being fully convinced of the necessity 
of having such a House, generously laid a foundation for the same 
by the bequest of Six hundred Pounds lawful money, and it being 
the sense of the Town that such an House is much wanted, they 
accordingly by their Vote passed the 25 th . March 1765 readily ac- 
cepted of said Donation The Committee are therefore of Opinion 
that the Town immediately proceed to Erect or procure a Building 
suitable to answer the noble Design of M r . Hancock ; but as the 
Sum by him given is insufficient for effecting it, aud a very con- 
siderable additional Sum will be wanted to compleat said Building, 
and supplying it with all Necessarys, the Committee would propose 
that the Town apply to the General Court for their assistance 
therein, and that this Meeting be Adjourned to some further Da}*, 
in order to know what the General Court shall have done in this 
matter, that so the Town may regulate its further proceedings 
accordingly ; the Committee being of Opinion that it is an affair of 
such importance and under such Circumstances as that it will not 
admit of any further delay. 

The above Report having been read and considered Voted, 

unanimously, that the same be accepted 

It was further Voted, that, 

The Hon ble Samuel Wells Esq. 

Samuel Sewall Esq. 
[711.] Benjamin Kent Esq. 

Foster Hutchinson Esq 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

William Phillips Esq. 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to prefer a Petition to 
the General Assembly to obtain some addition to the Donation 
of the late Honble . Thomas Hancock Esq. for building a Bedlam in 
order to effect the purposes intended by the noble design of the 

Bequest 

The Committee appointed to consider aud Report at this Ad- 
journment, their Opinion of a proper Bankrupt Bill for this 
Province, desired further Time to consider the same which was 
granted accordingly. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1766. 185 

Voted, that the Sum of Five Thousand Pounds be raised by a 
Tax upon Polls and Estates within Ibis Town for relief of the 
Poor, and defraying other necessary Charges arising within the 
Town the ensuing Year 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . Peleg Wiswall for his Salary as Master of the North 
G rammar School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the expira- 
tion of the hist Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred and twenty Pounds be 
allowed and paid unto M r . John Lovel for his Salary as Master of 
the South Grammar School for the ensuing Year, the same to be 
paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . Samuel Holyoke for his Salary as Master of the Writing School 
[712.] In Queen Street for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . John Procter for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in Queen Street for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . Abiah Holbrook for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in the Common for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . John Tileston for his Salary as Master of the North Writ- 
ing School for the ensuing Year the same to be paid him quarterly 
as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the 
last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds, be allowed and paid unto 
M r . James Lovel for his Salary as Usher of the South Grammar 
School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him quarterly 
as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the 
last Quarter 

Voted, that the further Sum of Forty Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . James Lovel as an encouragement for him to remain 
and exert himself in the service of the Town the ensuing Year the 
same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become clue, and to com- 
mence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and paid 
[713.] Unto M r . Josiah Langclon for his Salary as Usher of the 
North Grammar School the ensuing Year the same to be paid him 
quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the expira- 
tion of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed & paid unto 
M r . James Carter for his Salary as Usher of the North Writing 
School the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him quarterly as it 



186 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the last 
Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum'of Forty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . Abiah Holbrook Master of the "Writing School in the Common, 
for providing an Assistant the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him quarterly as it shall become due and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid out of the Town Treasury unto M r . David Jeffries for his 
Services as Treasurer of the Town the Year past, and for all his 
Expence in that Office 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is directed 
and impower'd to allow the several Schoolmasters Interest on the 
Sums due to them from the Date of their Warrants to the Time 
of payment 

The Committee appointed to take into consideration and "Report 
at this Meeting " what they shall apprehend may be further neces- 
sary for the Town to do in order to testify their Gratitude to those 
Patriots on the other side of the Water to whose endeavours it is 
owing that the Liberties of America are secured and Love & Har- 
mony between his Majesty s Subjects in Great Britain and the 
Colonies is perpetuated by the happy Repeal of the Stamp Act " 
Reported accordingly, and upon a motion made by said Committee 
for leave to withdraw their Report [714.] Leave was granted 

for that purpose 

Voted, that James Otis Esq. the Moderator 
Richard Dana Esq. 
Samuel Wells Esq. 
John Ruddock Esq. 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 

be added to the above Committee who are desired to make Report 
at the Adjournment of this Meeting 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Wednesday the 2 d . 
Day of July next 10. O'Clock A : M : 

Wednesday the 2 d Day of July Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to act upon the List of Jurors 

Voted, that all Matters & Things that remain unfinished at this 
Meeting be and hereby are referred over to the next General Town 
Meeting to be then considered and acted upon 

Voted unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to the Hon ble . James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this 
Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[715.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 8 th . Day of 
October Anno Domini 1766 

Warrant for calling the Meeting .... read 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1766. 187 

TLe Inhabitants withdrew and brought in their Votes for a 
Moderator of this Meeting, and upon sorting them it appeard that 

the Hon ble . James Otis Esq. was chosen by a great majority 

Upon a Motion made and seconded the following Vote was 

passed unanimously 

Whereas His Excellency the Governor has been pleased lately 
to Convene before him in Council Stephen Greanleaff Esq. Sheriff 
of the County of Suffolk William Sheaff Esq. Deputy Collector, 
and Benjamin Hallowell Esq. Comptroller of His Majestys Cus- 
toms for the Port of Boston, and sundry other Persons Inhabitants 
of this Town, and to Administer Oaths to the same Persons, and 
to take their Depositions in Writing relating to the proceedings of 
those Officers, and the behavior of a number of People, while those 
Officers were in search of Counterband Goods pretended to be in 
the Dwelling House of Cap'. Daniel Malcomb of this Town, which 
same Depositions it is said contain Opinions Representations and 
Assertions which taken by themselves and unaccompanied with a 
full and true Representation of that Affair may be construed in 
such a manner as greatly to effect and prejudice the Trade Com- 
merce and Reputation of this Metropolis and of the Province in 
general And whereas it has been suggested that the same Testi- 
mony, contrary to the advice of his Majestys Council, are about 
to be transmitted home, although not suffered to be Recorded, but 

kept from public view 

Voted, that the Hon ble . James Otis Esq. 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 
[716.] John Hancock Esq. 

William Phillips Esq. 

M r . Timothy Newell 

John Rowe Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

be a Committee to wait upon his Excellency the Governor in behalf 
of the Town, and to desire he would be pleased to give the Secre- 
tary Orders to furnish the Town Clerk with Copies of all the 
Depositions relating to the Information given to the Custom house 
Officers, and the proceedings therein, that so the Town having 
Knowledge of their Accusers, and of the nature and design of 
the Testimony s taken, may have it in their power to rectify mis- 
takes, and counterwork the designs of any who would represent 

them in a disadvantageous Light to his Majestys Ministers 

The Town then took into Consideration the Clause in the War- 
rant Viz 4 "To determine whether they will give their Repre- 
sentatives Instructions relative to a Reimbursement being made 
those Gentlemen who suffered by the violences of Persons unknown 
in the Month of August 1765" when the following Vote 

passed unanimously 

Whereas the Inhabitants of this Town have ever held the 
violent outrages of Persons unknown in the late Times of distress 
in the utmost detestation and abhorence, and from a sense of duty 
as well as Just indignation at the ravages committed on the 
properties of diverse of their Fellow Subjects and Citizens on the 



188 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

2 ; . th of August 1765. took the earliest opportunity to exert their 
strenuous endeavors, in aid of the civil authority to restore peace 
order and ti anquility ; which were accordingly in one clay restored 
:md have been ever since preserved. And whereas his Majesty 
has been pleased only to recommend it to the General Assembly of 
this Province to make up the losses of the Sufferers in the late 
unhappy Times, although his Excellency the Governor has thought 
fit to interprit the same as a Requisiion so peremptory & authori- 
tive as to preclude not only all controversy & debate, but even 
deliberation with regard to a compliance. 

[717.] From no regard to said interpretation, but in dutiful 
respect to the mild recommendation of our most gracious Sover- 
eign, in humanity and generosity towards those Gentlemen who 
have suffered in a manner that no man ought, especially in a state 
of civil society 

Voted, that on application of such Sufferers to the General 
Assembly in a Parliamentary way, the Representatives of this 
Town be directed, and they are accordingly directed in their best 
discretion to use their influence, that such losses be made up 
as far as may be, in a manner the most loyal and respectful with 
regard to his Majesty, the most constitutional and safe with regard 
to our invaluable rights & privileges and the most humane and 
benevolent with regard to the Sufferers 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P : M : 

Met according to Adjournment. 

The Committee appointed in the Forenoon to wait upon his 
Excellency Reported, that they had accordingly waited upon his 
Excellency, and presented him with a copy of the vote of the 
Town Whereupon his Excell y was pleased to say, that by order 
of Council the Depositions mentioned were to be kept secret ; 
but that he should take advice of Council, and if they should 
advise him he had in himself no difficulty, as to complying with 
the request of the Town 

After which the Town Clerk having received the following Vote 
of Council, together with the Copys of said Depositions, laid the 
same before the Town The Vote of Council is as follows, Viz'. 

In Council October 8 1766. 

A Committee of the Town of Boston having laid before his Ex- 
cellency in Council the Copy of a Vote of the said Town passed 
this Day in Town Meeting desiring Copies of certain Depositions 
taken in Council relative to the proceedings of the Sheriff of the 
County of Suffolk, The Deputy Collector of the Customs, and the 
Comptroller for the Port of Boston, and the behavior [718.] Of 
a number of People while those Officers were in search of Coun- 
terband Goods ; His Excellency thereupon took the advice of 
Council, who advised that the Secretary have leave to give out the 
Copies aforesaid But in as much as it is suggested in the said 
Vote that the said Testimonys contrary to the advice of his Maj- 
estys Council are about to be transmitted home, although not Suf- 
fered to be Recorded, but kept from public view Advised and 
Ordered that the Secretary acquaint the said Committee that the 
Council have never given any udvise either for or against the 



BOSTON TOWN RECOKDS, 1766. 189 

said Testimonies being transmitted, and that no Copies have as 
yet been taken out of the Office 

A true Copy from the Council Minutes 

Att. JOHN COTTON D. Secretary 

The above Vote or order of Council together with the Deposi- 
tions being read, the Town came into the following Vote 

Voted, that the Hon ble James Otis Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 
John Rowe. Esq. 
John Hancock. Esq. 
M r . Edward Payne 
M r . Edward Quincy Tertius 
Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to take these Dep- 
ositions into consideration ; to procure such Evidences as may be 
further necessary to set this matter in its true light, and Report 
the same at the Adjournment of this Meeting, together with their 
Opinion what may be further necessary to be done by the Town 
in order to prevent the ill consequences that may arise by means 
of a partial representation 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that the above 
Votes be published in the public Prints 

The Petition of Enoch Brown "that a small peice of Land on 
the North side of Boston Neck may be Leased to him for a term 
of Years" [719.] Was read whereupon Voted, that the Select- 
men be and hereby are appointed a Committee to treat with 
him and to Lease said Peice of Land for a term of Time not ex- 
ceeding Seven Years 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants, " that some method 
may be come into to repair and secure the main Street leading to 
the Fortification, which has been much damaged by the Inroads ot 
the Sea" was read, and after debate had thereon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to call upon the Pro- 
prietors of Land near the Fortification to fulfill the Conditions upon 
which those Lands were granted them 

A motion was made and seconded that the Selectmen be desir'd 
as soon as the above Proprietors have done their part of the Re- 
pairs, to compleat the remainder, and the Question was accordingly 
put but the Town apprehending that those Repairs lay wholly 
with those Proprietors it passed in the negative 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants "that the Clock at 
Christ Church, might be Repair'd and kept so at the public Charge, 
for the conveniency of that part of the Town" was read, and after 
Debate had thereon Voted, that the Prayer of the Petition be 
granted 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To consider what is further 
necessary to be done for the preservation of the Towns interest 
near the North Battery," was read and considered, whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to take immediate care that 
the same be repaired and secured for the benefit of the Town 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Wednesday the 22 d . 
Instant 10. O'Clock A : M : 



190 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Wednesday October 22 d . Met according to Adjournment 

[72O.] The Committee appointed to consider the Depositions 
said to be taken in Council relative to Cap 1 . Malcoms affair, and to 
take such Evidences as were necessary to set that matter in its true 
light, laid the several Testimonys taken, before the Town, which 
were distinctly read they also Reported the Draft of a Letter tc 
be sent to such Gentlemen in London as they might Judge proper, 
which Draft being read and considered Voted, that the same be 
accepted 

It was then moved and Voted, that the Report be Recommitted 
and the Committee desired to make an addition to their Draft in 
order to represent the suddenness of the Mob rising in the Night 
of the 26 th . of August 1765, and the exertions immediately made 
by some of the Inhabitants to suppress or quiet those People As 
also the method not long since taken to misrepresent not only par- 
ticular Gentlemen, out even the whole Trading Interest by transmit- 
ing home Affidavits taken relative to a Counterband trade in so 
private a manner, that the first notice thereof, was given us by our 
friends in England And that the Town will Reimburse any Charge 
that may rise in the course of conducting our defence if there 
should be occasion It was further Voted, that when the above 
additions are made the Committee are desired to forward fair Copys 
of said Letter and Depositions to Dennis Deberdt Esq. Merch'. 
in London, and Agent for our House of Representatives to make 
such use of the same as he may Judge proper and expedient 

A Motion was made and seconded that the above Committee 
might also be desired to insert in their Letter some thing relative 
to what was mentioned and asserted by several Gentlemen, that 
the Affidavits relative to Cap*. Malcom were not properly taken in 
Council or to be sent home with consent of Council notwithstanding 
the Attestations thereto but upon one of the Representatives 
rising up and declaring that as soon as the General Court met, he 
would make a Motion in the House of Representatives for a Par- 
liamentary enquiry into the conduct of the Council in this and sim- 
ilar Occasions ; the Person who made this Motion, desired that it 
might be withdrawn, whicli was accordingly granted 

[721.] It was moved and seconded and the Question accordingly 
put Whether the Town will Reconsider their Vote passed at a 
late Meeting, relative to M r . Enoch Browns Lease of Land on 
Boston Neck, when it passed in the negative 

It was moved and seconded that the Town Treasurer have leave 
to pass his negotiable Notes to the Tradesmen concerned in the 
Repairs of Faneuil Hall agreableto the tenor of a former Vote and 
in which the terms of payment are to be ascertained the Question 
being accordingly put Passed in the affermative 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that the Selectmen 
have leave to issue the Affair of Hews Lilly & Company, respecting 
Land formerly improved by M r . Frary, and the Buildings lately 
Erected thereon, as they may Judge most for the Interest of the 
Town 

Voted, that all Matters & Things that remain unfinished at this 
Meeting, be and hereby are referred over to the next General Town 
Meeting to be then considered & acted upon 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1766. 191 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Ilonble James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for 
dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



The following Letter was wrote Dennis Deberdt Esq. by order 
of the Town 

Sir 

The Freeholders & other 

Inhabitants [722.] Of the Town of Boston being legally assem- 
bled in Faneuil Hall have appointed as a committee to address you 
on their behalf and to beg your friendly assistance as you shall 
Judge necessary in an affair in which they apprehend their reputa- 
tion and interest may be greatly concerned 

Before we proceed to the particular matter which is the occasion 
of our writing we beg leave to observe, that upon the happy repeal 
of the late Stamp Act, we were informed that our adversarys had 
even predicted that America would receive the news in a manner 
haughty and disrespectful to his Majesty and the Parliament 
And \ve have seen with astonishment and indignation in the protest 
of some of the Lords against the repeal, that one reason of their 
Lordships protest was, that they had been made acquainted that it 
was the design of the Americans to bring the authority of Parlia- 
ment for the future into contempt. We have reason to believe that 
the decency which was observed by persons of every rank in all 
the Collonies in their public rejoicings upon that memorable occasion 
has convinced the sensible and impartial part of the Nation that 
such apprehensions and predictions were without Just grounds, and 
we flatter ourselves that their lordships may by this time have reason 
to conclude that their information from this side the water was at 
least sudden and injudicious, and perhaps the effect of a deep rooted 
prejudice against the colonies, a strong desire to have the act in- 
forced, and a determination at all hazards, to prevent its repeal: 
The truth is the Colonies who universally pride themselves in being 
british subjects, and have the warmest sense of the blessings of the 
british constitution, for ever consider the act as a violation of that 
happy constitution, and they have the satisfaction of being in- 
formed that this opinion was supported by a number of the most 
illustrious as well as respectable of both houses of parliament 
In this view of the nature of the act the cotonys first petitioned 
against it even when it was a bill, but without success, and after- 
wards came into resolution to transmit to posterity their sense of it 
with assurance that if it was finally put into execution it would not 
be with their consent. The people universally opposed the act but 
at the same time discovered the most zealous attachment to his 
Majestys person and government, & the strongest affection to their 
fellow subjects the people of Great Britain This we know some 
of our [723.] Enemys have endeavoured to represent as a para- 
dox, and from an uneasiness or if they please an opposition to a 
single act upon apprehension of its being unconstitutional they 



192 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

would infer a settled design to bring the whole authority of parlia- 
ment into contempt as if it could not possibly be Supposed of an 
affectionate and dutiful son whose reverence for his fathers authority 
could never be impeached that yet in a single instance might see 
the unreasonableness of his fathers command :md with the deepest 
regret be even ready to refuse obedience. An opposition to an act 
of parliament merely from a regard to the constitution cannot sure'y 
be look'd upon as a contempt of tho authority of government since 
government it self is built upon & circumscribed by the constitu- 
tion or in other words to contend for the grand design and ends 
for which government was originally design'd and instituted is the 
best if not the only way to support its authority. The colonys 
were discontented at the act because they thought it over lap'd the 
bounds of the constitution that it defeated one of the essential 
designs of government in the security of property if they were 
in an error it was an error of their Judgement only of which how- 
ever they have never yet been convinced to insinuate that the 
opposition to the act was mere pretence and that the design to the 
colonys was to weaken the Just authority of parliament and by de- 
grees to shake off a constitutional dependence is insupportable by 
a single fact or the least shadow of reason it is base ungenerous 
& unjust 

This Town has always been very careful during the late times of 
calamity to preserve as much as possible good order among its 
inhabitants, of which they gave an early proof when a dangerous 
mob arose and some outrages were committed by persons as yet 
unknown a good deal of mischief has been as all the world knows 
have been told, however after all the exaggerations the whole dam- 
age is short of 4000 but it will appear the less surprizing 
that so much was done when it is considered that the mob was 
sudden and unexpected and appear'd so furious as to occasion a 
general consternation, & besides it being in the night it was not 
easy to distinguish between them and the innocent people. Yet 
the inhabitants were far from being inactive in their endeavors to 
suppress immediately, they made diverse attempts and took every 
step that could be thought of amidst the confusion. A number 
went to the governors house to take his excellencys orders but he 
[724.] Was not in town from whence one would conclude that 
be was no more apprehensive of such a tumult from any appearances 
than others were. If there had been any reason to suspect it we 
presume his ExcelP". care for the peace and order of the govern- 
ment would have procured the first intelligence, and that he would 
have thought it his duty to have been present or at least that he 
would have taken the necessary precautions and given orders to 
have prevented it but the Inhabitants were left to do the best 
they could, and there is no doubt but much more mischief would 
have been done if they had not made use of art and perswasion 
when they fortunately wanted the countenance of his Excellencys 
authority As a town they express'd their detestation of such pro- 
ceedings early the next day, and assured the civil majestrate that 
they were ready to assist to their utmost in restoring the peace of 
f .he town as you will see by the inclosed vote, and we may venture 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1766. 193 

to assure 3 T ou that the efforts of persons of every order & condition 
in town in consequence of this resolution was the principal means 
of suppressing the mob which was done in one day Yet we have 
been ungratefully & publickly charged with being tame spectators 
of this outrage and have been told that our reputation suffers much 
in the opinion of the world on this account But whatever repre- 
sentation may have been made to our prejudice, which we think we 
have some good reason to suspect, our most inveturate enemy dare 
not openly assert that the civil authority in this county & even thro' 
the province has not as good reason to be assured of the assistance 
of the people in the legal excercise of power as in any country in 
England. 

This leads us to give you an account of some late occurrances in 
this town which is the particular occasion of our troubling you with 
his letter A few weeks past the collector and comptroller of his 
Majestys custom for this port having as they said an information 
that goods illegally imported were lodged in the custody of one 
M r . MaHomb an inhabitant of the town they accordingly repaired to 
his house accompanied \\ith the Sheriff of the county & there de- 
manded an entry into his cellars M r . Malcomb admitted them into 
every Appartment saving one which being let he told them the key 
was not in his posession [725.] They threatned to enter by force 
which M r . Malcomb told them they must do at their peril how- 
ever not having sufficient authority as they apprehended, they then 
retired, M r . Malcomb supposing they would return, determined 
to fasten his house that if they entred it should be forceably, being 
assured from the declaration of the person who hired the aforesaid 
cellar & his own knowledge of the other appartment that no 
counteiband goods were there. The officers returned in the after- 
noon & after some attempt tho' without violence to get an entry 
they again retired and came no more. 

His Excellency our governor has been pleased to summon the 
officers and sheriff before mentioned, and some of the persons to 
give their depositions respecting this matter The town thinking 
it unreasonable & a grievance that evidences should be taken ex- 
porte touching the conduct of any of their inhabitants at their 
meeting appointed a committee to wait on the governor and 
pray his Excellency to give orders to the secretary to communicate 
to the town clerk copys of the depositions which was afterwards 
done. Upon a perusal of them the town apprehended that they 
contained a partial account of the behavior of the people who from 
mere curiosity had got together, that they tended to corroborate 
the designs of our enemies and might be made the grounds of 
further misrepresentations, and therefore directed their committee 
to take the depositions of other persons of credit who were present, 
copys of which together with those taken before the governor in 
council are inclosed. 

It is apprehended that it is his excellencys design to transmit, 
his account of this matter to the ministry, and therefore the town beg 
the favor of you to make enquiry whether he has so done and in 
case he has that you would cause to be laid before the Ministry the 
whole state of the matter We have the more reason to apprehend 



194 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

that this step will be taken as things of this sort have been hereto- 
fore done : There is a set of men in America who are continually 
transmitting to the mother country odious and false accounts of the 
collonys ; which is a crime of the most dangerous tendency. It is 
probable it has already had its ill effect in exciting a groundless 
Jealousy in the Nation, one may if not checked [726.] Too soon 
prove fatal to both countrys. It is not long since the depositions 
of a number of persons were clandestinely & illegally taken indirect 
terms, prejudicing the characters of some gentlemen of fortune and 
reputation in this town, and representing the merchants of the prov- 
ince in general as setting up in opposition to the acts of parliament 
for the regulation of trade, than which nothing can be more noto- 
riously false and injurious. One of their Deponents was a person 
of the most infamous character whose name is Richardson. This 
fellow has for a long time subsisted by the business of an informer 
& is said to be such a one as was never encouraged under any ad- 
ministration but such as those Nero or Caligula that the evidence 
of this detestible person might have its weight they gave him the 
addition of Esq. We sa.y those depositions were clandestine be- 
cause they were taken exporte the person injured by them were 
never notified as law & common equity requires, and the first notice 
they had of them was from their friends on3'ourside the water, after 
they had made the impression that was intended. If such manage- 
ments as these are allowed, what man or what corporation is secure 
from proscriptions. We must confess that the whole affair in all its 
circumstances will appear too trifling to claim the attention of the 
governor or the town, but the hopes of defeating the designs of their 
enemys, and an earnest desire to stand fair in the mind of their 
Sovereign and his ministry as well as their friends & all good men at 
home especially at this Juncture : they hope will excuse their giving 
you this trouble I am 
Sir 

Your most humble servant 

JAMES OTIS 

P : S: The Town have passed P Order of the Committee 

a Vote to reimburst any 
charge in your conducting 
this Affair 

[727.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 1 st . Day of 
December Anno Domini 1766. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - read 

The Inhabitants withdrew and brought in their Votes for a 
Moderator of this Meeting and upon sorting them it appear'd that 
the Honourable James Otis Esq. was chosen by a great ma- 
jority 

That Clause in the Warrant. Viz*. "That the Sense of the 
" Inhabitants may be taken respecting a Bill now pending in the 
"House of Representatives, entitled, An Act for granting compen- 
" sation to the Sufferers and of free and general pardon, Indemnity 
" and Oblivion to the Offenders in the late Times" was read, and the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1766. 195 

Bill laid before the Town for its consideration ; and the Town 
apprehending said Bill to be agreable to his Majestys gracious 
Recommendation Voted, that the Representatives be and they 
hereby are Instructed to use their Endeavors to the passing of said 
Bill into a Law for the several purposes therein mentioned 

Upon a Motion made and seconded M r . Samuel Adams, 
John Rowe and John Hancock Esqrs. were appointed a Committee 
to consider of an Address to Cap 4 . Lewis Gideon Esq. and having 
Reported the following Vote was come into 

Whereas John Lewis Gideon Esq Commander of His Majestys 
Ship Jamaica, has upon all occasions during his station here, for 
about three Years past, discovered a readiness to do every thing 
in his power for promoting the Interest of the Province, and of his 
Town in particular, and by his behavior and good services has 
given great satisfaction to the Town. 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and 
[728.] hereby are given to the said John Lewis Gideon Esq. for 
his afores d . services during his Station here, and the Honourable 
James Otis Esq. John Rowe Esq. John Hancock Esq. M r . Samuel 
Adams Esq. Thomas Gushing Esq. are desired to wait upon him 
and in the Name of the Town present him with their Thanks, and 
express their good Wishes for his safe Voyage and Prosperity. 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday the 8 th . Instant 
9 O'Clock A : M : 

Monday December 8 th . 9 O'Clock A : M : Met according to 
Adjournment. 

The Committee appointed to present John Lewis Gideon Esq. 
vhe Compliments of the Town Reported his answer 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants "That the Street neat 
the Old Salutation Ferry may be widened " was read and considered 
whereupon Voted, that this Petition be referred to the Gentle- 
men the Selectmen, for them to act thereon as they may think 
proper 

The Moderator having received a Letter from a number of the 
Merchants of New York respecting the present Incumbrances on 
Trade by means of some late Acts of Parliament and other Regula- 
tions, did agreable to their desire lay the same before the Town, 
which was read to the Inhabitants by the Town Clerk 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Hon ble . James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for dis- 
patching the business thereof 

Then the meeting was dissolved. 



[729.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and others Inhab- 
itants of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in public 
Town Meeting at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 7 th . of January 
Anno Domini 1766. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - read 

The Inhabitants withdrew and brought in their Votes for a 
Moderator of this Meeting, and upon sorting them it appeared that 
the Honourable James Otis, Esq. was chosen 



196 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

The Petition of Mess. Ephraim & Ebenezer Perrv setting forth 
That they are desirous of purchasing or otherwise of hireing a peice 
of the Town Land Just without the Fortification Gates on the 
South Eastern side of the Neck, untill it comes to the Land Leased 
to M r . Sutton Byles, together with the Flatts so far as low Water 
Mark also proposing to Erect a Dwelling House, Wharff and 
other Buildings upon said Land, provided it be Leased to them for 
a number of Years, on such terms and securitys as may be agreed 
upon was read, and after debate had thereon 

Voted, that Thomas Daws Esq. 
M r . Ezekiel Price 
M r . Jonathan Amory 
John Hancock Esq. 
M r . John Ballard 
John Rowe Esq. 
William Phillips Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to take the Petition 
under consideration and Report as soon as may be what they Judge 
will be for the Interest of the Town in this Matter 

That Clause in the Warrant (Viz 4 .) " Whether the Town will 
appoint a Committee to treat with a Committee of tlie General 
Court, relative to the [73O,] Disposal of the Towns Interest in the 
Court House," was read and considered whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a 
Committee for the purpose mentioned in said Clause 

That Clause in the Warrant Viz*. " Whether the Town will be at 
the Expence of purchasing a new Clock for the Old Brick Church, 
the present being represented as not worth reparing " - 
was read and debate had thereon whereupon Voted, that the 
Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a Committee to send to 
England for a Clock at the Expence of the Town 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz'.) " What shall be the Tenor 
of the Votes, Voted by the Town at their late Meeting to be given 
by the Treasurer to the Tradesmen who repaired Faneuil Hall for 
the balance of their Accounts " was read and considered where- 
upon 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and hereby is impowerd and 
directed to give said Tradesmen negotiable Notes of the common 
Tenor, payable on demand, with lawful Interest untill paid 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that the rest of 
Faneuil Hall Tradesmens Accounts be drawn for so soon as liqui- 
dated 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Honourable James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for 
dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 

END OF FOURTH BOOK OF TOWN RECORDS. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1767. 197 



[VOL. V. OF THE ORIGINAL BOOKS.] 

[1.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in Public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the ninth 
Day of March Anno Domini 1767. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Mather. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - - read. 
Sundry Laws enjoin'd to be read at this Meeting, were accord- 
ingly read. 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his paying: and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the Governments of Connecticut New Hampshire 

and Rhode Island as required by an Act of this Province 

William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing 
and having taken the Oath respecting the receiving and paying 
Bills of Credit of the other Governments, took the Oath of Office 
for the faithful discharge of his Duty, which Oaths were Adminis- 
tred to him by his Honor Foster Hutchinson Esq. 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted it appear'd that 

Coll . Joseph Jackson 

Samuel Sewall Esq. 

John Ruddock Esq. 

John Hancock Esq. 

William Phillips Esq. 

M r . Timothy Newell 

John Rowe Esq. 

were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing 

[2 ] The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Overseers 
of the Poor and upon sorting them it appeared that 

The IIon ble . James Pitts Esq. excused 

Melatiah Bourn Esq. d. 

Isaac Smith Esq. d. 

M r . William Whitwell Sworn 

M r . Jonathan Mason excused 

M r . Henderson Inches d. 

M r . Ebenezer Storer d. 

M r . William Greanleaff Sworn 

William White Esq. d. 

M r . Edward Payne excused 

M r . Joseph Waldo Sworn 

Benjamin Austin Esq. excused 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing 



198 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Isaac Smith Esq. Melatiah Bourn Esq. and M r . Henderson 
Inches having excused themselves from serving as Overseers of 

the Poor the Year ensuing 

Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to the above named Gentlemen for their faithful services 

as Overseers of the Poor a number of Years past 

The Town brought in their Votes for a County Treasurer which 
were sealed up and delivered to M r . Constable Barbour to be re- 
turned to the Court of Sessions 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Wardens, and upon 
sorting them it appeared that 

Joseph Scott Esq. 
Cap'. John Bradford 
M r . Ephraim May 
[3.] M r . Nathan Spear 

M r . Nathaniel Wales 
M r . Joseph Waldo 
M r . James Barrick (excused) 
M r . John Preston 
M r . Edward Grant 
M r . Joseph How 
M r . Samuel Torrey 
M r . Daniel Hubbard (excused) 
were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing & all sworn 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, the Question was accord- 
ingly put Whether Constables and Collectors of Taxes, shall be 

chose sepperate Passed in the Affermative 

Voted that the Sum of Five Pounds be Remitted out of the Ten 
Pound Fine to such Persons as shall be chose into the Office of 

Constables for the Year ensuing and shall decline serving 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Constables, the 
Persons chose into that Office, and also sworn are 
Mess". Augustus Hail 
Francis Salmon 
Peter Barbour 
Edward Baker 
Hezekiah Usher 
Benjamin Clark 
Benjamin Adams 
Lindsey George Wallis 
William Rogers 
Daniel Berry 
John Gabriel 
Edward Brazier 

[4.] Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to Three O'Clock 
P: M: 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment. 
The Town brought in their Votes for Sixteen Fire-Wards, and 
upon sorting them it appeared that 

Newman Grenough Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
M r . William Cooper 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1767. 199 

M r . John Mico Wendell 

Coll . Thomas Marshall 

William Homes Esq. 

M r . Joseph Tyler 

Jonathan Williams Esq. 

Cap'. Adino Paddock 

M r . James Richardson 

Cap 4 . William Downe Cheever 

Cap 1 . Benjamin Waldo 

John Hancock Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

M r . Francis Shaw (excused) 

Cap'. Martin Gay 

were chose Fire-Wards for the Year ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Clerks of the Mar- 
ket, and upon sorting them it appear'd that 
Mess. Joseph Webb 

Steven Cleverly 
John Lowell 
Ziphion Thayer 
John Simkins 
James Bridgham 
[5.] Nathaniel Balch 

Thomas Knight 
Joseph Edwards Jun*. 
William Baker Juu r . 
Thomas Chase 
Joshua Gardner 

were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing 

Mess. Timothy Newell 
Gershon Flogg 

were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Town Treasurer, and 
upon sorting them it appeared that M r . David Jeffries was chosen, 
and having taken the Oath respecting his paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the other Governments, took the Oath of Office 
for the faithful discharge of his Duty, which Oaths were adminis- 
tred to him by 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants respecting the Monys 
due to the Town from the present and late Collectors of Taxes, 
was read, and debate had thereon, whereupon 
Voted, that, M r . Edward Payne 

Melatiah Bourn Esq. 
M r . Kzi'kiel Price 
M r . Nicholas Boylstone 
M r . John Amory 

be a Committee to enquire of the Province County and Town 
Treasurers what Moneys are due to them from the present and 
late Collectors of Taxes for this Town, to Report as soon as may 

bo 

Voted, that the Consideration of School Masters Salary s, and all 
other Salary s and Grants, be referred over to next May Meet- 
ing 



200 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

[6.] The Petition of a number of Inhabitanty " that a Master 
may be chosen for the North Grammar School" was read, and 
debate had thereon, whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee on behalf of the 
Town to make choice of a Gentleman out of the Candidates that 
shall offer themselves, as they may most approve of as a Master 
for said School 

That Article in the Warrant Viz*. " Whether the Town will take 
any Measures for the relief of M r . Peleg Wiswell, late Master of 
the North Grammar School who has resigned on account of his 
Age and great Infermities " was read and considered, where- 
upon, 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be and hereby is 
granted M r . Peleg Wiswell, for his support the ensuing year 

Adjourned to Monday next Ten O'Clock A : M : 

Monday March 16 10 'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

Major James Cunningham 
was chosen a Fire- Ward for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for Five Overseers of the 
Poor, and upon sorting them it appear'd that 

The Hon ble . Royal Tyler p:sq. Sworn 

John Barrett Esq. d. 

M r . Benjamin Dolbear d. 

Melatiah Bourn Esq. Excused 

M r . Henderson Inches d. 

were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, the Question [7.] Was put 
viz 4 . "Whether the Town will adhere to that Clause in their 
Instructions given their Representatives in May last, Viz'. "And 
for the total abolishing of Slavery among us that you move for a 
Law to prohibit the Importation and purchasing of Slaves for 
the future " which Question passed in the Affermative, Nem. 
Con. 

The Committee appointed on the Ninth Instant to enquire of 
the Province, County and Town Treasurers what Moneys are due 
to them from the present and late Collector of Taxes for this 
Town Report 

That having carefully examined the Accounts received from the 
several Treasurers there appears to be due from the Collectors of 
Taxes after deducting 2396 ,, 2 ,, 4J for Abatements made 
them in the years 1763 1764 1765 the following Sums 

Viz'. 

John Ruddock Esq. to the Town Treasurer for 

1763 264 ,,18 8J 

Balance of the Street Tax 115 ,, 19 ,, 3 



380 ,,17 ,, 11J 

From which when paid is to be deducted his 
Premium being 126 ,, 7 ,, 3 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1767. 
M r . Samuel Adams to the Province Treasurer for 



1763 
To ditto for 



291 ,,17 
1764 2009 ,, 8 



201 



2301,, 5 

To the Town Treasurer 1764 1633 ,, 13 4 
Balance of the Street Tax 94 ,, 8 ,, 6 

1728,, 1 



11 



4029 



From which when paid is to be deducted his 
Premium for Collecting 1762 1763 & 
1764 being 382 10 ,, l 



Jonathan Payson Esq. to ) 

the Province Treasurer [ 740 ,, 19 ,, 8 

for 1765 - - ) 

To Ditto - - 1766 - 1034 ,, 5 10 

1775 5 

To the County Treasurer 1765 55 ,, 15 ,, 10 

To Ditto - - -1766 123 15 10 



1954 ,,17 



[8.] Brought over 
To the Town Treasurer 1764 
To Ditto 1765 

To Ditto - - 1766 



From which when paid is to 
be deducted his Premiums 
for 1764 1765 1766 

M r . Sampson Salter to the 
Province Treasurer 1765 

To Ditto 1766 

To the County Treasurer 1766 
To the Town Treasurer 1766 



From which when paid is to 
be deducted his Premiums 
for 1765 & 1766 

M r . Samuel Ruggles to the 
Province Treas r . 1765 

To Ditto - - 17(16 



1954 

27 

5? 

1140,, 17,, 
1174 14 3 



17 



3 



4297,, 8 ,, 5 



898 ,, 11 
1186,, 19 ,, 


3 
3 

- f?OR ^ 1ft 


6 
9 




200 
966,, 12,, 


3253 ,, 3 ,, 


3 



360 5 1 
1195 ,, 12 ,, 8 



1555,, 17 9 



202 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

To the County Treasurer 1765 18 ,, 8 ,, 10 
ToDitto - 1766 245,, ,, 

263 8 ,. 10 

To the Town Treasurer 1766 - - - 1202 ,, 11 ,, 



3021 17 7 

From which when paid is to 

be deducted his Premiums 

for 1765 & 1766 
M r . Edward Hollyday to the 

Province Treasurer 1765 281 ,, 1 ,, 8 
ToDitto 1766 1165 12 7 

1446 ,, 14 3 

To the County Treasurer 1766 - 241 ,, 7 2 

To the Town Treasurer 1766 - - - 1222 2 9 



2910,, 4,, 2 

From which when paid is to 

be deducted his Premium 

for 1765 & 1766 

[9.] These several Sums due from the Collectors amount to 
to 17891 ,, 19 ,, 2 from which may be deducted the Sum of 
9958 ,, 14 ,, 1 for what remains unpaid of the Tax for 1766, and 
there will then remain in the following Collectors hands a balance 
of 7933 ,, 5 ,, 1 which by Law ought to have been paid to the 

several Treasurers long since Viz 4 . 

John Ruddock Esq - for the taxes in 1763 - 380 17 11 
M r . Samuel Adams - - Ditto - - 1764 - 4029,, 7,, 9 
Jonathan Payson Esq. - Ditto - - 1765 - 19G4 ,, 12 ,, 6 
M r . Sampson Salter - - Ditto - - 1765 - 898 11 3 
Ml- Samuel Ruggles - - Ditto - - 1765 - 378 13 11 
M r . Edward Hollyday - Ditto - - 1765 - 281 ,, 1 8 



7933 5 Of 

N 3. Mess. Salter Ruggles and Hollyday have made - - con- 
siderable Payments to the Town Treasurer on Accounts of the 
Tax for 1766 

Since the above Accounts were received there has been paid into 

the Town Treasurer 

By Edward Hollyday - - - - 12 9 3 
By Jonathan Payson Esq. - 2 ,, ,, 7 

The above Report having been read and Considered it was 
Voted tlat the same be accepted 

It was then moved and seconded that the Bonds given by John 
Ruddock P^sq. a late Collector of Taxes to M r . David Jeffries 
Treasurer for the faithful discharge of his Duty & c . might be put in 
Suit and the Question being accordingly put - - - Passed in 
the Affermative 

A Motion of the like nature with the above was made and sec- 
onded respecting the Bonds given by M r . Samuel Adams a late 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1767. 203 

Collector of Taxes, and the Question being put Whether said 
Bonds shall be put in Suit Passed in the Afferma- 

tive 

It was also moved and seconded, that the Bonds given by 
[1O.] Jonathan Payson Esq. a late Collector of Taxes to M r . 
David Jeffries Treasurer for the faithful discharge of his Duty <fe c . 

might be likewise put in Suit Passed in the Affermative 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that the Suits 

against the several Collectors be put off to July term 

It was also Voted that the Town Treasurer do not prosecute any 
of those Collectors Bonds untill the 20 tu . of May next ensuing, 

unless any of their Bondsmen should desire it 

Voted, that Foster Hutchinson Esq. 
M r . Edward Payne 
M r . Ezekiel Price 

be a Committee to take into Consideration what Premium nall be 
allowed the Collectors of Taxes, and the terms upon which they 

shall be entitled to the same to Report this Meeting 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven Assessors, 
and upon sorting them it appear'd that 
Al r . William Fairfield 
M r . John Kneeland 
M r . Benjamin Church 
Belcher Noyes Esq. 
M r . William Torrey 
M r . Jonathan Brown 
M r . Daniel Pecker 

were chosen Assessors for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. William Nichols 

Andrew Symms sworn 

[11.] Clement Collins Sworn 

Henry Alline d. 

Isaac Vergoose d. 

John Grenough d. 

Jacob Thayer d. 

Joseph Edmunds d. 

John Skillins d. 

John Sergeant d. 

Richard Walker d. 

John Champney d. 

Samuel Turner d. 

were chose Surveyors of Boards and Shingles for the Year ensu 
ing. 

M r . John Gray 
was chosen Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensuing. 

Mess". Samuel Dyer - Sworn 

John Dyer 

Obediah Low d. 

John Joy 

William Crafts d'. 

were chose- Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing 
Mess". Ebenezer M c lntosh 



204 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Samuel Bangs 

William Andrews (all sworn) 

John Shepherd 

William Stevenson 

were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing 

Mess. Nathaniel Gardner 
Samuel Whitwell 

were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing 

Mess". Peter Cotta Sworn 

Manesseh Masters d. 

Joseph Dyer 
John Harskins 
David Spear 
Nathan Spear 
Jonathan Jenkins 
Robert Breck Jun*. 
Job Wheelwright 
Joshua Pico 

Benjamin Salt - - d. 

Paul Baxter 

John Owen d. 

Thomas Knox d. 

Samuel White d. 

Edward Cowell d. 

Edward Potter 

Peter Ellis d. 

Timothy Pease d. 

Nathaniel Waterman d. 

Jacob Williams d. 

two more 

were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. David Simans 
Thomas Curtis 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing 

M r . Edward Curtis - - (Sworn) 

was chosen Hayward for the Year ensuing 

The Selectmen 

were chose Surveyers of High Ways for the Year ensuing. 
[13.] Coll . Joseph Jackson 

William Phillips Esq. 
William Homes Esq. 

were chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, and they are 
desired and impowered to give all needful Directions to the Keeper 
of the Granary respecting the Quantity of Grain to be sold, and 
Affixing the price thereof from Time to Time as occasion shall re- 
quire 

Cap*. Martin Gay 
M r . John Skinner 

were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing 

John Tuder Esq. 

M r . John White 

were chose Surveyers of Wheat for the Year ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1767. 205 

Adjourned to 3 O 'Clock P : M : 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

The Selectmen Reported on the Aceompt of M r . Benjamin 
Fenno Keeper of the Granary for the Year past, which Accompt 
as entered in his Books (and on file in the Town Clerks Office) was 
read ; whereupon it was Voted, the same be accepted and 
that M r . Fenno be accountable to the Town for 580 Bushels of 
Indian Meal, and 15 Hushels of Rye Meal amounting to 008 ,, 
11 ,,8, and also for the sum of 215 ,, 9 ,, 7 f Cash now in his 
hands exclusive of y e Sum of 32 ,,13 ,,4 for his Salary and 
Assistance as charged in his Accompt which is hereby allowed 
him 

Voted, that M r . Thomas Gray 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
M r . Moses Gill 

[14.] M r . John Boylstoue 

Jonathan Williams Esq. 

be and they hereby are Appointed a Committee to Audit the 
Accompts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accompts of the 
Overseers of the Poor, and the said Committee are enjoin'd to in- 
spect every particular Accompt of the Moneys Expended for the 
use of the Almshouse ; they are also im powered when they shall Au- 
dit said Accompts to allow such of the Overseers as shall Advance 
Moneys for the Relief of the Poor, Interest on all such Sums 
from the Time so Advanced, till they shall have Audited said 
Accompts 

A Motion was made and seconded to reconsider the Vote of the 
Forenoon for putting John Ruddock Esq. Bond in Suit where- 
upon 

Voted, that M r . Ruddocks Bond, be not put in Suit for the present, 
but referred for further Consideration untill the General Town 
Meeting in May next, when the Committee are desired to Report 
again thereon 

Voted that Faneuil Hall be Illuminated on Wednesday the 18 th . 
of this Instant March in commemoration of the Repeal of the Stamp 
Act, on said 18 th . Day of March 1766 and that the Selectmen be 
desired to make provision for drinking his Majestys Health & c 

Voted, that the Inhabitants be desired to give Order to their 
Servants not to enkindle Bonfires in the Streets & c as it is the deter- 
mination of the Town that all Offenders of this sort shall be prose- 
cuted 

The Committee Appointed in the Forenoon to Consider what 
Premium shall be allowed the Collectors of Taxes, and the Terms 
upon which they shall be intitled to the same Reported, where- 
upon 

[15.] Voted, that the Vote passed on Monday last relating the 
Premium to be Allowed the Collectors of Taxes for the present 
Year be reconsidered, and that the Sum of Nine Pence on the 
Pound be and hereby is allowed to such Persons as shall be chose 
Collectors of Taxes for the present Year, provided they pay into 
the several Treasuries the whole Sum committed to them to Collect 
on or before the second Monday in March 1769, and in case the 



206 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

same Collectors shall pay in one half of the Sums of Money com- 
mitted to them to Collect for the present Year by the 10 th . Day of 
July 1768, that then the Sum of twelve Pence on the Pound be 
Allowed and paid to such of the Collectors as shall pay in that 
proportion of the said Tax. And in case the whole of the said 
Tax shall not be paid in by the said second Monday in March 
17G9. then and in that case only the Sum of Three Pence on the 
Pound be allowed and paid unto such Delinquent Collectors of the 
said Tax. Provided also that each of said Collectors give Bond 
with sufficient Sureties to the satisfaction of the Selectmen for the 
faithful discharge of their Duty, and complying with this Vote. 
And that the Assesors be directed not to deliver the Books contain- 
ing the Tax for the Year 1767 to the Collectors unless they have 
discharged & paid into the several Treasurers the Tax for the 

Year 1765 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are Impowered and 
directed to set for the Abatements of such Taxes as they shall 
Judge reasonable on every Thursday till the first Thursday in 
April inclusive, and no longer, saving that they be allowed to set 
the two last Weeks in November for the Abatement of the Taxes 
of such Persons as had not an Opportunity of applying on the 
above limitted Time, by reason of their being out of the Province ; 
at which Time they are also allowed and irapowered to abate the 
Taxes of such Persons as may have died Insolvent between the 
said last Thursday in April and the last Day of November. 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants for the paving that 
part of Leaveret Street leading from M r . Salters House into Water 
[16.] Street, was read and considered, whereupon Voted that the 
Town be at One third the Expence of paving said Street, provided 
the whole Pavement is compleated to the satisfaction of the Select- 
men 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz*) Whether that part of Water 
Street running from Leaveret Street into Kilby Street shall be 
repaird and paved was read & considered, whereupon 

Voted, that this Matter be left to the Gentlemen the Selectmen 

to do therein as they may think proper 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Four Collectors of 
Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeared that 
M r . Sampson Salter 
M r . Edward Hollyday 
M r . Samuel Ruggles 
Nathaniel Coffin Esq. 

were chose into that Office 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz 4 ) "And in what manner the 
Town will acknowledge the Receipt of Coll Barres Picture " was 
read whereupon 

Voted that the Hon ble James Otis Esq. 
John Hancock Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
John Erving Esq. 

be a Committee to take this Matter into Consideration and Re- 
ported at the Adjournment 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1767. 207 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz*) " To know the Mind of the 
Inhabitants with respect to the late Hon ble Thomas Hancock Esq. 

[17.] Donation for a Bedlam" was read whereupon 

Voted, that The Hon ble Royal Tyler Esq. 
Foster Ilutchinson Esq. 
Nicholas Boylston Esq. 
John Erving Esq. 
John Barrett Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
be a Committee to take this Matter into Consideration and Report 

at the Adjournment 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to M r . Ebenezer Storer for his faithful Services as an 

Overseer of the Poor a number of Years past 

Adjourned to Monday the 23 d of this Inst. March 10. O'Clock 
A:M: 

Met according to Adjournment 23 d March 10 O'Clock A : M : 
The Committee relative to a Bedlam Reported and had leave to 

Report again at the Meeting in May next 

The Committee relative to Coll Barres Picture Reported and had 
the leave of the Town to Report again at the General Town Meet- 
in May next 

Mess. Caleb Champney 
Nathaniel Cobbet 
John Wells ------- Sworn 

Richard Bradford d. 

Joshua Davis ------- d. 

James Bayley ------- d. 

[18.] William Warland 

John Marty n ------- Sworn 

Isaac Bird -------- d. 

Andrew Boardman 

John Crosby d. 

Benjamin Jepson ------ d. 

were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to M r . Joseph Gardner, and M r . Jonathan Mason for their faithful 

services as Overseers of the Poor a number of Years Past 

The Town brought in their Votes for Four Overseers of the Poor, 

and upon sorting them it appered that 

John Leverett Esq. 
John Gore Esq. 
Jonathan Williams Esq. 
Cap'. Samuel Partridge 

1 more 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the year ensuing. 

Tlie Petition of M r . Abiah Holbrook Master of the Writing 
School in the Common "that he may be further Considered for 
his extraordinary services by an Allowance to the Person who 
Acts as Usher under him, also with respect to his Taxes " waa 
read whereupon 



208 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Voted, that M r . Samuel Adams 

Hon ble . Royal Tyler Esq. 
M r . Thomas Gray 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
Melatiali Bourn Esq. 

be a Committee to Consider the same and Report at the General 
Town Meeting in May next 

[19.] It was moved that the Vote passed by the Town the 
Ninth Instant respecting a Schoolmaster for the North Grammar 
School may be reconsidered, and the Question being accordingly 
put Passed in the Affermative 

Voted, that the choice of a Master for the North Grammar 
School be referred to May Meeting, and that the same be made an 
Article in the Warrant for calling said Meeting 

The Town brought in their Votes for one Overseer of the Poor 
and upon sorting them it appeared that 

Thomas Tyler Esq. 

was chosen an Overseer of the Poor for the Year ensuing 

Mess. Samuel Bernard 

John Newell 
were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing. 

The Committee appointed to take into Consideration the Peti- 
tion of Ephraim and Ebenezer Perry Reported, That having 
considered the same and view'd the Land mentioned in said Peti- 
tion, are of Opinion ; that the Town Lease to said Ephraim and 
Ebenezer for the term of Ninety nine Years, a peice of Land 
Just without the Fortification Gates on the South East side of the 
Neck Three hundred Feet in the Front on said Neck from the 
North East side of the Towns Lands leased to Sutton Byles, and 
three hundred feet in the Rear, the Depth to run on a Parrallel 
Line from the Land Leased to said B3*les to the Point of the 
Bastian of said Fortification They the said Ephraim and Eben- 
ezer to pay as Rent therefor One Pound Sterling p Annum The 
Committee further Report that the Lessees be obliged to Erect a 
Dam or Wharff from the Land Leased to said Byles to the Point 
of said Bastian sufficient to keep out the Sea or Salt Water ; and 
that the Lessees be obliged to keep that part of said Dam or Wharff 
which includes the Rear of their Land in good Repair during their 
Lease Also that the [2O.] Outside work of One Dwelling House 
two Story high, also the Wharff or Dam aforesaid be built and 
finished within two Years from the date of the Lease And that 
the Lessees be obliged to keep the front Wall before said Land in 
good repair. The Committee are also of Opinion that the Cost of 
the Timber which shall be used in Erecting the Wharff or Dam 
which extends from the Northeast Corner of said Leased Land to 
the Point of said Bastian be paid by the Town. And leave the 
whole Premisses in tenantahle repair at the expiration of the 
Lease 

The above Report having been Considered the Question was put 
Whether the same be accepted Passed in the Affermative 

Voted that Thomas Daws Esq. 
John Hill Esq. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1767. 209 

M r . Ezekiel Price 
M r . Robert Pierpoint 
M r . John Ballard 

be a Committee to view the Lands belonging to the Town on each 
side of the Neck and if necessary cause a survey thereof to be 
taken and consider of the best method for the Town to take in 
regard to said Lands, and to Report to the Selectmen sometime 
before the next May Meeting, that so the same may be inserted in 
the Warrant for calling said Meeting. 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz 1 .) "Whether the Town will 
extend M r . Enoch Browns Lease of a small Peice of Land on Bos- 
ton Neck, beyond the Time limitted in a late Vote " was read, and 
after debate had thereon 

Voted, that the further consideration thereof be referred to the 
General Town Meeting in May next - 

On a Motion made and seconded Voted, that the Selectmen 
be a Committee to request of M r . John Lovel Master of the South 
Grammar School, that he would take under his tuition, those 
Scholars of the North Grammar School who may be sent to his 
School by their Parents, untill a Master is provided for said 
School - 



The Petition of M r . David Jeffries, " that he may be 
allowed for a peice of Land laid into the public Street, but 
omitted in the admeasurement and Plan of Lands becoming va- 
cant by Fire 1760, was read, whereupon Voted that -- 
Thomas Daws Esq. 
Onesip". Tileston Esq. 
Cap 1 . Benjamin Andrews 

be a Committee to View said Lands and Report their Opinion of 
the value thereof next May Meeting - 

That Article in the Warr'. Viz'. " To consider what is proper to 
be done with the Pavement near the Fortification " was read, 
whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to order the necessary 
Repairs on the part of the Town, so soon as the Proprietors of 
the Land abutting have fulfilled their Obligation respecting the 
same - 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that 
M r . Robert Pierpoint 
M r . Ephraim May 
M r . William Blake 

be a Committee to observe and prosecute such Persons as may 
take Stones from the Town Wall on the Neck. - 

Six Petit Jurors were chose for April Court and their Names 
returned by one of the Constables - 

Voted, that all Matters and Things which remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be and hereby are referred over to the General Town 
Meeting in May next, to be then considered of and acted 
upon - 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to the Hou bie . James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this 
Meeting, for dispatching the Business thereof -- 



210 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders, and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally qualifled and warned in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 31 8t . 
Day of March 1767. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - read 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting by a Hand Vote, and also sworn according to Law - 

The Petition of a number of the Inhabitants praying that a good 
Master may be immediately appointed for the North Grammar 
School ; and that for his encouragement he may have the same 
Salary as the Master of the South Grammar School " was read, 
and after debate had thereon 

It was moved and seconded that the choice of a Master for the 
North Grammar School be referred over to the Selectmen, and 
that they be desired to make choice of a proper Gentleman to 
supply that vacancy, and the Question being accordingly put 
Passed in the Affermative - 

It was further Voted, that the Clause in the Petition which 
relates to fixing a Salary for the Master of the North Grammar 
School, be referred over to May Meeting, then to be Considered 
and acted upon - 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To Consider what may be 
the proper Measures for regulating Faneuil Hall Market " was 
read and Considered whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to shut up such part of 
the Towns Land adjoining to Faneuil Hall Market as they shall 
Judge proper, and not suffer any Person to enter within the Rails 
for Ihe Sale of any kind of Provisions unless they pay such an 
acknowledgement to the Town as the Selectmen may think reason- 
able Also that it be recommended to the Inhabitants of the 
Town not to purchase any Provisions of such disorderly Persons 
as may presume to stand in Dock Square or the Streets round 
[23.] Faneuil Hall Market and that the above Vote be printed 
and dispersd among the Inhabitants in hand bills - 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for a Clerk of Faneuil 
Hall Market, when it appeared that 

M r Abijah Adams 
was chosen Clerk of the Market for the Year ensuing - 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that the Gentlemen 
the Selectmen be desired to take such Order as has been usual to 
procure Collections for the Sufferers in the late Fire from the 
several Congregations in this Town - 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to receive the several Sums 
that may be Collected for the Sufferers in the late Fire, and dis- 
tribute the same together which such other Donations as may be 
made among the Sufferers in such Proportions as they may Judge 
proper - 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted that the Selectmen 
be desired to give Orders that no Illegal Weights and Measures 
may be suffered within Faneuil Hall Market and its Limits ; and 
also that they be desired to furnish the said Market with a suit- 
able number of true Weights and Measures for the use of any 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1767. 211 

Inhabitants who may purchase Provisions in said Market, during 
the Market Hours ; and that the Selectmen be desired to consider 
what further Regulations, may be necessary, and Report at the 
General Town Meeting in May next 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to the Hon ble . James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for 
dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



[24.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fryday the 8 th Day of May 
Anno Domini 1767. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Andrew Eliot 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - read. 

Sundry Laws ------ read. 

Samuel Sewall Esq. one of the Selectmen proposed in their 
Name to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the choice of 
one or more Persons to Represent them in the Great and General 
Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday the 
27 th Day of May Current ; and in order thereto to consider and 
ascertain the Number of Gentlemen to be Elected ; accordingly it 
was Voted to proceed to the choice of Four Representatives, and 
then it was declared by the Selectmen, that no Vote, will be 
received but such as are unfolded, and that they propose the Poll 
shall be closed at 12 O'Clock. 

The Votes being brought in the Number of the same were 
found to be 618. and upon sorting them it appeared that the 
Four following Gentlemen were chose ----- Viz'. 
The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. 575 

The Hon ble . Thomas Cushing Esq. 5.">7 
M r . Samuel Adams 574 

John Hancock Esq. 618 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen, the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw, and bring in 
their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting in order that the Town 
may proceed in transacting the other Affairs mentioned in the 
Warrant; according [25.] The Inhabitants withdrew and brought 
in their Votes, and upon sorting them it appeared that the Hon ble . 
James Otis I^sq. was chosen 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P : M : 



3 O'Clock P: M: Met according to Adjournment 



To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Boston in Town 
Meeting Assembled May 8. 1767. 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Annual 
Meeting the 6 th . of May 1766. desiring the Selectmen to visit the 
several public Schools in the Town, and to invite such Gentlemen 
to accompany them therein as they should think proper, and to 
Report thereon 

We the Subscribers accordingly attended that service on Wednes- 



212 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

day the 25 th . Day of June last accompanied by the following Gen- 
tlemen Viz*. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq. 
Thomas Flucker Esq. 
Harrison Gray Esq. 
The Representatives of the Town 
The Overseers of the Poor 
The Rev d . Joseph Sewall. D. D. 
Charles Chauncy D. D. 
M r . Samuel Mather 
M r . Andrew Elliot 
M r . Samuel Cooper 
M r . Samuel Checkley 
M r . Ebenezer Pemberton 
M r . Mather Byles 
The Town Treasurer 
Jonathan Williams Esq. 
A number of other Gentlemen 

[26] And found the South Grammar School had 145 Scholars ; 
the North Grammar School 34 Scholars ; the South Writing School 
260 Scholars ; the North Writing School had 256 Scholars ; the Writ- 
ing School in Queen Street 222 Scholars, all in very good order 

The Consideration of that Clause in the Petition of a Number of 
Inhabitants presented the Town in March last, relative to the fixing 
a Salary for the Master of the North Grammar School, being re- 
ferred over to this Meeting, was accordingly taken up by the 
Town ; and the Question being put (Viz'.) " Whether said Master 
shall have the Sum of 120,, allowed him as Salary for one 
Year, being the Same Sum which is allowed the Master of the 

South Grammar School " Passed in the Negative 

Two Letters from Dennis Deberdt Esq. Agent for the Town on 
Cap*. Malcombs Affair, were laid before the Town by the Hon ble . 
James Otis Esq. Chairman of the Committee for Instructing said 
Gentlem n . 

The Committee relative to Coll . Barres Picture made a Verbal 
Report whereupon Voted that those Gentlemen. (Viz*.) 
James Otis Esq. 
John Hancock Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
John Erveing Jun r . Esq. 

be and they hereby are Appointed a Committee to write a Letter 
to the Hon ble . Coll . Barr informing him of the receipt of his Picture, 
and that the same by the unanimous Order of the Town is placed 
in Faneuil Hall. And said Commiitee are impower'd and directed 
to engage some Person to write to his Correspondent in London to 
pay to M r . Duncan Clark or the Painter, the Cost of drawing said 
Picture, and any other Expence that has attended the same, which 
Sum the Inhabitants hereby oblige themselves to repay and reim- 
burse 

[27.] Voted, that the Sum of One hundred and twentj 
Pounds, be allowed and paid unto M r . John Lovel for his Salary as 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1767. 213 

Master of the South Grammar School, for the ensuing Year, the 
same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to com- 
mence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . Samuel Holyoke for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in Queen Street for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the ex- 
piration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . Samuel Hunt for his Salary as Master of North 
Grammar School, for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the expira- 
tion of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . John Procter for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in Queen Street for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
quarterly as it shall become clue, and to commence at the ex- 
piration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . Abiah Holbrook for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
in the Common for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the expira- 
tion of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . John Tileston for his Salary as Master of the North 
Writing School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
quarterly as it shall become due and to commence at the expiration 
of the last Quarter 

[28.] Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed 
and paid unto M r . James Lovel for his Salary as Usher of the 
South Grammar School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the ex- 
piration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that a further Sum of Forty Pound be allowed and paid 
unto M r . James Lovel as an encouragement for him to remain and 
exert himself in the service of the Town the ensuing Year, the 
same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to com- 
mence at the expiration of the last quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed & paid unto 
M r . James Carter, for his Salary as Usher of the North Writing 
School the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him quarterly as it 
shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the last 
Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds, be allowed and paid unto 
M r . Abia Holbrook Master of the Writing School in the Common 
for providing an Assistant the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Thirteen Pounds, six Shillings, and eight 
Pence be allowed and paid unto Mess. John & James Lovel, as a 
consideration for their trouble and services in the North Grammar 
School for about Six Weeks while destitute of a Master 



214 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid out of the Town Treasury uiito M r . David Jeffries for his 
services as Treasurer of the Town the Year past, and for all his 

Expences in that Office 

[29.] Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and hereby is 
directed and impowered to allow the several Schoolmasters Inter- 
est on the Sums due to them from the Dates of their Warrants to 

the Time of payment 

Voted, that the Sum of Five Thousand Five hundred Pounds be 
raised by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within this Town for 
relief of the Poor and defreying other necessary Charges arising 

within the Town the ensuing Year 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted that the Town 
Treasurer be and he hereby is desired and impowered to borrow 
on Interest the Sum of One hundred thirty three Pounds six Shil- 
lings and eight Pence for the use of the Overseers of the Poor to 

purchase Grain & c . for the Almshouse 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants " for paving the High 
Way leading from Milk Street into Battery March," was read and 
considered whereupon, 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to take the san>e into 

Consideration, and Report at the next Meeting 

Mess. Cockran and Campbells Petition *' That the Town would 
relieve them with respect to a loss they have sustained by supply- 
ing the Poor of the Town on the Order of M r . Benjamin Ham- 
mett-late an Overseer" was read, and after debate had thereon a 
Motion was made that the same be referred to a Committee, and 
the Question being accordingly put Passed in the Negative 
It was then moved that said Petition be dismissed, and the 

Vote being put Passed in the affermative 

The Petition of the Gentlemen who have been chose Collectors 
of Taxes " that the Vote passed at the March Meeting respecting 
the Premium to be allowed them may be reconsidered " was read 
[3O.] And after debate had thereon, Voted that 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
M r . Ezekiel Price 
John Hill Esq. 
M r . Edward Payne 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
be a Committee to take this Matter into Consideration and Report 

as soon as may be 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants ' that the same Sum 
may be allowed for the widening the Street near the Salutation 
Tavern, as was granted for the widening Ann Street" was read 
& consider' d whereupon 

Voted, that the Sum of Forty Pounds be and hereby is granted 
said Petitioners, provided a Brick Wall be built on a Line witL 
M r . Bradford and M r . Kents Houses, and the Petitioners convey 
to the Town the several Peices of Land already laid unto the 

Street 

Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be and hereby are 
appointed a Committee to act upon the List of Jurors 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1767. 215 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'. "To Consider whether 
any Measures shall be taken for the better sweeping the Chimnies 
& prevention of Fires " being read Voted that 
John Ruddock Esq. 
Thomas Daws Esq. 
M r . John Ballard 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
Hon ble . Royal Tyler Esq. 

be a Committee to take this Matter into Consideration and Report 
at the next Meeting: 

[31.] That Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . " Whether the 
Town will call for the Money lent the Manufactory Company the 
23 d . March 1753" was read and Considered, whereupon Voted, 
that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is directed to call for 
said Money 

The Committee relative to the Towns Lands on Boston Neck 
not having finished their business were desired to make Report at 
the Town Meeting speedily to be called to receive the same, as 
also the Report of the Committee on the Petition of the Collectors 
of Taxes 

The Committee on the Petition of M r . David Jeffries " that he 
may be allowed for a peice of Land into the public Street, but 
omitted in the Admeasurement and Plan of Land becoming vacant 
by Fire 1760." Reported that they had viewed the above said 
Peice of Land, which they take to be worth Ten Pounds, and said 
Report having been considered 

Voted, that the sum of Ten Pounds be allowed and paid out of 
the Town Treasury unto M r . David Jeffries as a consideration for 
the above said Piece of Land laid into the public Street 

Voted, that it appears to the Town that John Hancock Esq. the 
Residuary Legatee of the late llon ble . Thomas Hancock Esq. has 
always publicly manifested his readiness to pay the Legacy left to 
the Town by his late worthy Uncle said John Hancock Esq. 
having made several Applications to the Inhabitants in public 
Town Meeting that they would accept of said Donation 

Voted that all Matters and Things that remain unfinished at this 
Meeting, be and hereby is referred over to the Town Meeting 
speedily to be called, to be then considered and acted upon 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town [32.] Be and 
hereby are given to the Honourable James Otis Esq. the Modera- 
tor of this Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in public Town Meet- 
ing Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 13 th . Day of July. 
Anno Domini 1767 



Warrant for calling the Meeting ----- read 



The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving 



216 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Bills of Credit of the other Governments as required by an Act of 
this Province. 

The Committee relative to the Towns Lands on Boston Neck, 
Reported in the form of a Vote Viz 1 . 

Whereas the Lands on Boston Neck lying on both sides of the 
Great Road leading to Roxbtiry together with some Lands lying 
on both sides Orange Street, Just within the Fortification belong- 
ing to this Town ; which Lands if laid out in proper and con- 
venient Allotments [33.] Might be sold much for the Interest 
and advantage of the Town. 

And whereas a Plan of the same Lands, is now lodged in the 
Town Clerks Office whereon is marked and laid out proper and 
convenient Lotts of the said Lands for Sale ; therefore Voted that 

or the major part of them, be a Committee to make Sale of 

all or any of the said Lotts, as also the said Lands Just within the 
Fortification, for the most the same will fetch ; and that the said 
Committee or the major part of them, be and hereby are author- 
is'd and impowered to make execute and deliver, in the Name and 
on the behalf of the Town, good and sufficient Deed or Deeds of 
bargain and sale, of anyLott or Lotts part or parcel of said Land, 

to the Purchaser or Purchasers. 

THOMAS DAWS, p order 

The above Report having been read and considered the Ques- 
tion was put " Whether the same be accepted Passed in the 
Negative 

The Committee appointed to take into Consideration the Peti- 
tion of Sampson Salter and others chose to Collect the public 
Taxes for the Year 1767. do Report That they have met the 
Petitioners several Times and heard them fully relating to the 
Prayer of their said Petition, and having considered of the same, 
give it as our Opinion, that the Premium to be allowed for Col- 
lecting said Taxes be in the following manner Viz'. Twelve 
Pence on the Pound to each of the Collectors upon all such Sums, 
as they shall have actually paid into the Province County and Town 
Treasurers on or before the tenth Day of July 1768 Eight Pence 
on the Pound on all such other Sums, as they shall have so paid 
in to said Treasurers on or before the twentieth Day of December 
1768. and Four Pence on the Pound upon the remainder of the 
Sums they shall be obliged to Collect, provided such remainder 
shall be fully paid in on or before the second Monday of March 
Anno Domini 1769, this Premium as above expressed appears to 
be Just and equitable, and an ample Allowance to the Collectors 
to encourage them to discharge their Duty with diligence and 
fidelity, and humbly submit it to the Consideration of the Town 
The Committee would beg leave Just to mention, that as 
every Inhabitant is sensible the Town for [34.] Many Years past 
have laboured under great Difficulties by reason of the Taxes not 
being paid into the respective Treasuries, and especially the Town 
Treasury, and that the Town Tax has thereby greatly increased, 
and that this has been principally occasioned by the neglect of the 
Collectors, or some of them, and the backwardness of the Inhabi- 
tants to pay owing to the great lenity of the Collectors notwith- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1767. 217 

standing the generous Premium that has always been allowed for 
their Services : The Committee are of Opinion these difficult m ys 
may be in a great Measure prevented, if the Town would come into 
the following Resolutions. Viz*. 

That the Assessors be directed to take the List of the Names of 
all Persons lyable to be taxed some time in the Month cf June 
Annually, so as to compleat the same before the expiration of that 
Month ; And that said Assessors shall begin to make the Annual 
Tax in seven Days at farthest after they have received the War- 
rants from the Province Treasurer, for the Province Tax, and 
from the Court of Sessions for the County Tax and the Town 
Vote for the Town Tax, and that they compleat the said Tax & 
prepare the Tax Books, so as they may be delivered to the Collect- 
ors annually on or before the first Day of October, that Time 
being much better than it formerly used to be, and the Committee 
are of Opinion, that this delay in the Assessors has not only been 
expensive to the Town, but the Cause of many of the Difficulties 
the Town has met with 

The Committee also think that it would not only be a relief to 
the present and proceeding Collectors, but of Great benefit to the 
Town, if they were directed to prefer a List of the Names of all 
Persons that have not paid their Taxes for any Years preceeding 
the Year 1766, and that such Lists be distinctly read over, in a full 
Town Meeting to be called for that purpose, at such Time as the 
Town shall Judge proper, and th.it the Collectors for the Year 
1766 give in a like List of the Names of the Persons that shall 
not have paid their Taxes for that Year to be distinctly read over 

in Town Meeting in the Month of March 1769. 

BENJAMIN KENT 
p order 

.[35.] The Report on the other side having been read and 
debate had thereon the Question was put Whether the Town 
will accept the same Passed in the Affermative 

M r . Nathaniel Coffin chosen Collector of Taxes for the ensuing 
Year having declined that Service was accordingly excused by the 
Town 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes, for a Collector of Taxes 
in the room of Nathaniel Coffin Esq. who has declined serving & 
upon sorting them it appeared that 

Jonathan Pay son Esq. 
was chosen a Collector of Taxes for the ensuing Year 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted that the Selectmen be 
desired to do what is necessary relative to the repairing or en- 
larging the Gun House in the Common for the reception of the 
Artillery lately given by the Province for the use of the Boston 
Regiment. 

The Committee relative to sweeping Chimuies & c . not having 
compleated their Scheem, were disired to Report the same at the 
next Town Meeting 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. laid before the Town, 
the following Letter received from M r . Secretary Conway 
Viz'. 



218 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

London March 16. 1767. 



Sir 

I am ashamed to have so long deferred sending my Picture, 
which the Assembly of Boston have done me the Honor to request ; 
but as this delay has been chiefly owing to the dilotariness of the 
Painter, who has been extremely slow in finishing it I hope it 
will not be imputed to any neglect on my part, or to any want of 
the Just sense I ought ever to retain of the great distinction they 

were pleased to favor [36.] Me with on that occasion 

I am with great regard 
Sir 

Your Obliged & Most Obed'. 

humble Servant 

H. S. CONWAY. 

The above Letter having been read to the Inhabitants by the 
Town Clerk Voted, that the same be handed to the Committee 
relative to Coll . Barres Picture who are hereby desired to write a 
Letter to the Hon ble . H. S : Conway, informing him of the recietof 
his Picture, and that the same by the unanimous order of the 
Town is placed in Faneuil Hall And said Committee are im- 
powered and directed to engage some Person to write to his Corre- 
spondent in London to pay the cost of drawing said Picture, 
and any other expence that has attended the same, which Sum 
the Inhabitants hereby oblige themselves to repay and reim- 
burse 

The Committee appointed to examine the Accompts of M r . 
David Jeffries Town Treasurer have attended that Service, & find 
the same right cast and well vouched in which he charges himself 
with sundry Fines, Rents, and other Incomes of the Town, as also 
with the Tax of 5000 All which amount to the Sum of 
11577 ,, 16 ,, 11 including the balance of old Account 

And the said Treasurer discharges himself by sundry Abate- 
ments made the Collectors amounting to 661 ,, 3 ,, 4 by Drafts 
made by the Selectmen amounting to 3202 ,, 10,, 1^ of which he 
has paid 2284 ,, 1 ,, 7, and by Drafts made by the Overseers of 
the Poor, which contain the Charge of the Almshouse amounting 
to 3057 18 ,, 1 of which he has paid 1433 ,, 7 6| also by 
sundry Sums paid for Interest amounting to 84 ,, 14 ,, 1\ the 
whole amounting to 7009 ,, 4 ,, \\ 

The said Committee have inspected said Drafts in a very [37.] 
Particular manner, and have examined the Vouchers produced by 
the Overseers of the Poor for the amount of their Drafts and every 
other branch of public Charge, amount in all as above to 7009 ,, 
4 ,, If, as by Account of Town Treasury in the Town Treasurers 
Books, balance whereof being 4568 ,, 12 ,, 9 is carried to the 
Credit of a new Account 

Which Report and Accompt being read, Voted that the same be 
and hereby is accepted 

In a Motion made and seconded Voted, that there be a Town 
Meeting called on the 24 th Instant, provided M r . Adams produces a 
List to the Selectmen of the Debts due to him as Collector of Taxes 
from the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston and from whom by 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1767. 219 

the 20 Instf. that the Town may act as they Judge proper with 
respect to the Suit < ommenced against him as Collector 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Hon ble . James Olis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for dis- 
patching the business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in public Town Meet- 
ing Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fryday the 9 th Day of October 
A. D. 17G7 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - read. 

[38.] The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of 
this Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiv- 
ing Bills of Credit of the other Governments as required by an 
Act of this Province. 

That Article in the Warrant Viz*. " Whether the Town will 
make any alteration in a late Vote respecting the Collectors 
of Taxes, they having declined Serving upon the terms therein 
stated ; or if the Town should think fit to adhere to said Vote, 
then to choose four new Collectors for the present Year" was 
read, and after debate had thereon the Question was put 
Whether the town will make any alteration in their late Vote 
respecting Collectors of Taxes Passed in the Negative It 
was then moved, and Voted that the choice of Collectors be 
referred over to 3 O'clock P : M : 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz 4 .) "Whether the Town will 
be at the Charge of a new Engine to supply the place of Engine 
No. 3 kept in Bennet Street, which upon a thorough inspection is 
found to be unfit for service " was read and Considered where- 
upon 

Voted, that it be left to the Gentlemen Selectmen either to 
repair said Engine or to procure a new one in its room, as they 
may Judge most for the Interest of the Town 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'. "Whether any Measures 
shall be taken to repair or render more respectable the entrance 
into this Town near the Fortification " was read And the Ques- 
tion being put "Whether such Measures shall be taken" 
Passed in the Affermative It was f urther Voted that 
M r . Edward Payne 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
Thomas Daws Esq. 
Melatiah Bourn Esq. 

[39.] Jonathan Williams Esq. 

M r . John Boyleston 
Coll . John Hill 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to carry said Measure 
into execution 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'. " Whether the Town will 
impower the Selectmen to make such other Building in addition to 



220 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

the Gun House as is represented to be necessary for the use of the 
Train of Artillery" was read, whereupon 

Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be desired to act in 
this Matter as they may think proper and expedient 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clbck P : M : 

Met according to Adjournment. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, the Question was put 
(Viz 1 .) " Whether the Vote passed in the Morning respecting Col- 
lectors of Taxes shall now be reconsidered" Passed in the 
Affermative 

It was further Voted, that the Vote passed the 13 th . of July 
last relative to the Collectors of Taxes, by one Clause of whict 
they are allowed a Premium of twelve Pence on the Pound upon 
all such Sums as they shall have actually paid into the Province 
County and Town Treasurers on or before the tenth Day of July 
1768 be so far reconsidered as that said Collectors be and they 
hereby are allowed the like Sum of Twelve Pence on the Pound as 
Premium on all such Sums of Money as shall be paid into the 
several Treasurers as aforesaid on or before the tenth Day of 
August 1768 any thing in a former Vote notwithstanding 

Three of the Gentlemen chose Collectors of Taxes for the pres- 
ent [4O.] Year Viz 1 . Mess". Sampson Sal ter, Edward Holly- 
day, & Samuel Ruggles consenting to serve in said Office, upon 
the alteration now made in the Vote passed the 13 th . Day of July 
last respecting said Collectors The Inhabitants were desired to 
withdraw, and bring in their Votes for one Collector in the room 
of Jonathan Payson Esq. who declines serving their Votes being 
accordingly brought in upon sorting them it appeared that 

M r . Abraham Savage 
was chosen a Collector of Taxes for the present Year. 

The Petition of M ra . Mary Pratt Widow "that an abatement 
may be made her on the Rent of Deer Island for Reasons therein 
given " was read, and after debate had thereon 

Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be desired to make 
enquiry into the Circumstances of this Matter, and Report the 
same at the next Town Meeting 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Hon ble . James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for 
dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[41.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Fanenil Hall on Wednesday the 28 th . Day 
of October A. D. 1767. 

Warrant for calling the Meeeting - - - - read 
The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the other Governments, as required by an Act 
of this Province 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1767. 221 

An Address to the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston now Assembled and subs -ribed Philo Patria rec- 
ommending Oeconomy and Manufactures which was handed in to 
the Town this Morning, was by their order read to them by the 

Town Clerk 

The Town took into consideration the Petition of a Number of 
Inhabitants " that some effectual Measures might be agreed upon 
to promote Industry, Oeconomy, and Manufactures, thereby to 
prevent the unnecessary Importation of European Commodities 
which threaten the Country with Poverty and Ruin" whereupon 
in a very large and full Meeting, the following Votes and Reso- 
lutions were passed unanimously. 

Whereas the excessive use of Forreign Superfluities is the chief 
Cause of the present distressed state of this Town, as it is 
thereby drained of its Money, which Misfortune is like to 
be increased by means of the late additional burthens and impo- 
sitions on the Trade of this Province which threaten the Country 
with poverty and ruin therefore Voted, that this Town will 
take all prudent and legal Measures to encourage the produce and 
Manufactures of this Province, and to lesson the use of Super- 
fluities & particularly the following enumerated Articles Imported 
from abroad Viz 1 . [42.] Loaf Sugar Cordage Anchors 
Coaches Chaises & Carriages of all sorts Horse Furniture 
Men & Womens Hatts Men & Wornens Apparel ready made 
Household Furniture Gloves Men & Womens Shoes 
Sole Leather Sheathing and Deck Nails Gold & Silver 
Thread Lace of all Sorts Gold and Silver Buttons Wrought 
Plate of all sorts Diamond Stone nnd Paste Ware Snuff 
Mustard Clocks & Watches Silver Smiths & Jewellers 
Ware Broad Cloths that cost above ten shillings p Year 
Muffs, Furrs & Tippetts and all sorts of Millinary Ward 
Starch Women & Children's Stays Fire Engines China 
Ware Silk and Cotton Velvets Gauze Pewterers hollow 
Ware Linseed Oyle Glue Lawns Cambrick Silk of all 
kinds for Garments Malt Liquors, & Cheese. And that a Sub- 
scription for this end be and hereby is recommended to the several 
Inhabitants and Householders of the Town, and that 

John Rowe Esq. 

M r . William Greenleaff 

Melatiah Bourn Esq. 

M r . Samuel Austin 

M r . Edward Payne 

M r . Edmund Quincy Tertius 

John Ruddock Esq. 

Jonathan Williams Esq. 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

M r . Henderson Inches 

M r . Solomon Davis 

Joshua Winslow Esq. 

Thomas Gushing Esq. 
be a Committee to prepare a form for Subscription to Report the 



222 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

same as soon as possible, and also to procure Subscriptions to the 

same 

And whereas it is the Opinion of this Town that diverse new 
Manufactures may be set up in America to its great advantage, 
& some others carried to a greater extent, particularly those of 
Glass & Paper, therefore 

[43. J Voted, that this Town will by all prudent ways & 
means encourage the use and consumption of Glass and Paper 
made in any of the British American Colonies and more especially 
in this Province 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P : M : 
3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment. 
That Article in the Warrant (Viz'.) " To Choose a Committee to 
examine the Accompts of the Managers of Faneuil Hall Lotteries," 
was read, whereupon Voted, that 

John Hill Esq. 
Foster Hutchinson Esq. 
Belcher No3 - es Esq. 
M r . Ezekiel Price 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to examine the Accompts 
of the Managers of Faneuil Hall Lotteries, as also the Accompts 
of such other Lotteries as may hereafter be drawn by said Mana- 
gers 

The Petition of Nathaniel Heath " that the Selectmen may have 
orders to draw for the Forty Pounds due to him for taking down 
part and repairing the remainder of the Widow Crosby's House 
near the Salutation Tavern, in order to widen the Street there, 
notwithstanding the Condition on which the Town granted the 
said Sum was not wholly complyed with " being read and consid- 
ered 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are directed to give 
the said Heath an order on the Town Treasurer for the Sum of 
Forty Pounds, as pay for the Services set forth in his Petition, 

any former Vote, to the contrary notwithstanding. 

The Clause in the Warrant (Viz*.) "To Consider of some Meas- 
ures [44.] For employing the Poor of the Town of Boston, by 
reviving the Linen Manufacture, and in sucli other Ways as shall 
be thought most beneficial," was read, whereupon 
Voted, that, John Barrett Esq. 
M r . Edward Payne 
Middlecot Cook Esq. 
M*. Henderson Inches 
Melatiah Bourn Esq. 
Jonathan Williams Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee for the purpose afore- 
said, to Report as soon as may be 

That Clause in the Warrant Viz*. " That the mind and Reso- 
lution of the Town may be taken with respect to the expediency 
of a humble request to his Excellency the Governor, that he will 
Convene the General Assembly as soon as may be " was read and 
considered whereupon 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1767. 223 

Voted, .ma limously, that the Representatives of the Town 
having already made humble application to his Excellency the 
Governor for the purpose above mentioned, the Town do approve 
of their Conduct therein ; hereby declaring their sense of the im- 
portance of the Measure, and expressing their hopes that his 
Excellency will be pleased to further it, by Convening the Gen- 
eral Assembly as soon as conveniently may be. 

The Committee appointed in the Fore-Noon to prepare a form 

for Subscriptions, Report as follows 

Whereas this Province labours under a heavy debt incurred in 
the course of the late Warr, and the Inhabitants by this means, 
must be for some time subject to very burthensome Taxes ; And 
as our [45.] Trade has for several Years been on the decline, 
and is now particularly under great Embarrassments, and bur- 
then'd with heavy Impositions, our Medium veiy scarce, and the 

balance of Trade greatly against this Country 

We therefore the Subscribers being sensible that it is absolutely 
necessary, in order to extricate us out of these embarrassed & dis- 
tressed Circumstances to promote Industry, Oeconomy, & Manu- 
factures among ourselves, and by this Means prevent the unneces- 
sarj- Importation of European Commodities, the excessive use of 
which threatens the Country with Poverty and Ruin, Do Promise 
& Engage to and with each other, that we will encourage the use 
and consumption of all Articles Manufactured in any of the 
British American Colonies, & more especially in this Province ; 
and that we will not from & after the 31 st . of December next 
ensuing, purchase any of the following Articles, imported from 
tbroad 

Loaf Sugar 

Cordage 

Anchors 

Coaches Chaises & Carriages of all sorts 

Horse Furniture 

Mens & Womens Hatts 

Men & Womens Apparel ready made 

Household Furniture 

Gloves 

Men & Womens Shoes 

Sole Leather 

Sheathing & Deck Nails 

Gold & Silver & Thread Lace of all sorts 

Gold & Silver Buttons 

Wrought Plate of all sorts 

Diamond Stone & Paste Ware 

Snuff 

Mustard 

Clocks and Watches 
[46 .] Silver Smiths & Jewellers Ware 

Broad Cloths that Cost about 10/ p Yard 

Muffs : Furrs & Tippets 

All sorts of Millinary Ware 

Starch 



224 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Women and Childrens Stays 

Fire Engines 

China Ware 

Silk and Cotton Velvets 

Gauze 

Pewterers hollow Ware 

Silk & Cotton Velvets 

Linseed Oyle 
Glue 

Lawns 

Cambricks 

Silks of all kinds for Garments 

Malt Liquors 

Cheese 

And we further Agree strictly to adhere to the late regulations 
respecting Funerals, and will not use any Gloves but what are 
Manufactured here, nor procure any new Garments upon such an 
Occasion but what shall be absolutely necessary 



JOHN ROWE p order 



The above Report having been considered, the Question was 
put Whether the same shall be accepted, whereupon 

Voted unanimously that said Report be & hereby is accepted, 
and that said Committee be desired to use their best endeavors to 
get the Subscription Papers filled up as soon as may be also 

Voted, unanimously that the forgoing Vote and Form of a 
Subscription, relative to the Enumerated Articles & c . be immedi- 
ately [4:7.] Published, and that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be 
directed to distribute a proper Number of them among the Free- 
holders of this Town, and to forward a Copy of the same to the 
Selectmen of every Town in the Province, and also to the princi- 
pal City or Town Officers of the Chief Towns in the several Colo- 
nies on the Continent, as they may think proper. 

That Clause in the Warrant respecting " giving proper Instruc- 
tions to the Representatives of the Town for their Conductat thi s 
very critical conjunction of our public Affairs" was read, where- 
upon 

Voted, that the consideration of this Matter be referred over to 
the Adjournment of this Meeting 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that the Town will 
take all proper Measures by keeping in their Children & Servants 
and other ways to prevent the disturbances which have sometimes 
happened on or about the Fifth Day of November 

At this Meeting several Samples of Starch called Poland Starch, 
and of the common sort of Starch ; Powder of best sorts for Bar- 
bers, Glue, and Snuff like Kippens so called, all manufactured in 
this Town, were shewn to the Inhabitants and much approved 
of 

M r . John Baker who manufactures the Poland Starch so called, 
being present declared his readiness to Contract with the Inhabi- 
tants for two Thousand Barrels at the prime cost of that Article 
in London 

M r . Gelaspy the Manufacturer of Stock Snuff so called, offered 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1767. 225 

to furnish the Inhabitants with what may be wanted at the first 
Cost of that Article in North Britian 

The Town were also informed that our Paper Manufacturers 
[48.] Had given assurance, that in case they can be supplyed 
with the Materials for their use, usually burnt or thrown away in 
our great Towns, they could supply the Province with whatever 
sorts and quantity of Paper, they have occasion for, and have some 
left for the other Colonies 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Frvday f .he 20 th . of 
November next, 10 O'Clock A : M : 

Fry day the 20 th . of November. 10. O'Clock A: M : Town Met 
according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed on the 20 th of last Month " to Con- 
sider of some Measures for employing the Poor of the Town of 
Boston, by reviving the Linnen Manufacture, and in such other 
ways as shall be thought most beneficial " having desired a further 
Time Voted, that said Committee be desired to make Report 
at the Adjournment of this Meeting 

The Committee appointed on the 20 th Ultimo relative to the 
Enumerated Articles, Reported, and also handed in to the Town 
the Subscription Rolls, whereupon 

Voted, that said Rolls be left with the Town Clerk for such of 
the Inhabitants to Subscribe the same as may not as yet have 
done it 

The Committee appointed to examine the Accounts of the 
Managers of Faneuil Hall Lotteries Reported that they had 
examined the several Accompts of Lotteries N. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. & 9, 
and found the same to be right cast, which Report was accepted 
by the Town 

[49.] The Town being informed sundry scandalous and 
threatning Papers have been posted up in various parts of the 
Town, by some evil minded Person or Persons, Enemies to its 
peace, tending to excite Tumults & Disorders 

Voted, unanimously that the Inhabitants of this Town will be 
ready on all Occasions to assist the Selectmen and Majestratea 
in the suppression of all Disorders that may arise and that they 
will endeavor to preserve peace and harmony among the Inhab- 
itants 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, that Article in the Warrant 
relative to the giving proper Instructions to the Representatives 
of the Town for their Conduct at this very critical Conjuncture of 
our public Affairs, the Consideration whereof was referred to this 
Meeting was now taken up and the Question being put 
' ' Whether the Town will Instruct their Representatives Passed 
in the Affermative almost unanimously It was further Voted 
that 

Richard Dana Esq. 

M r . Henderson Inches 

John Rowe Esq. 

M r . Edward Payne 

M r . Edmund Quincy tertius 



226 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

M r . Ezekiel Price 

D r . Benjamin Church 

be aud hereby are appointed a Committee to prepare Instructions 
accordingly, and they are desired to Report at the Adjournment 

of this Meeting 

Voted, that this Meeting be and hereby is Adjourned to Tues- 
day the 22 d . of December next 

Tuesday the 22 d . Day of December 3. 0'Clock P : M : Town met 
according to Adjournment 

[5O.] A Petition of M r . John Trumbles of Charlestown rela- 
tive to the setting up the Pipe Manufacture in this Town was 
read, but the same not being an Article in the Warrant was not 
acted upon 

The Committee appointed the 28 of October last " to consider of 
some Measures for employing the Poor of the Town of Boston by 
reviving the Linnen Manufacture, and in such other ways as 
shall be thought most beneficial " Reported 

That they have had many Meetings about the Matters referred 
to them for their Consideration, have made a full enquiry into the 
steps taken by the late Society for carrying on the Linnen Manu- 
facture, and the method they pursued for establishing the same, 
Examined all their Books and Accompts, and procured from 
several of the Gentlemen concerned all the information relative to 
their proceedings in that Business they were able to give, what 
encouragement was given for carrying it on, and the many difficul- 
ties that attended it, and conversed with some Persons best 
acquainted with the several branches of this Business, and also 
compared the Circumstances of those Times with the present, and 
after the most mature Consideration of the whole The Committee 
are of Opinion, that this Province has all natural Advantages for 
carrying on the Linneu Manufacture, and that a sufficient quantity 
of Flax may be raised for that purpose, if the Government would 
give encouragement. That the carrying on this Business in a 
Factory will be attended with greater Expence than in private 
Families (as by experience has been found in Scotland & Ireland 
as well as among ourselves) where the Spinning and Weaving are 
done when they have no other Employ, whereas in a Factory they 
must be wholly supported by the Manufacture therefore cannot 
afford their work so cheap That the profits arising from this 
Manufacture is not sufficient to induce any Persons to undertake 
it without some assistance [51.] From the public ; tliat in order to 
carry on and establish this Business in a Factory in Boston, the 
House, Looms, Wheels & other Utensils necessary for bleaching 
and Callendring must be provided at the public charge, and like- 
wise a Stock of Three thousand Pounds to be applyed for pur- 
chasing Flax and Yarn, paying the Weavers Spinners Bleaching 
&c. That this Stock must be lent to suitable Persons who are 
acquainted in all the Branches of this Manufacture, and will 
undertake to carry on the same on their own Account if such 
Persons can be found, who could give security for the said Stock, 
the Committee are of Opinion the Linnen Manufacture may be 
established in this Town. The Committee have the pleasure to 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1767. 227 

acquaint the Town, that from the surest advices they have obtained 
from many parts of this Province, the Woolen & Linnen Manu- 
factures are carried on to so great a degree, as that a very great 
part of the Inhabitants in most Towns supply themselves with 
their own Cloatbing TUc Committee would further Report that 
they are informed by good Judges living in this Town, that Duck 
or Sail Cloth has been made in this Province of a superior quality 
to any commonly imported from Russia, and they are of Opinion 
that the making this Article will be more advantageous than 
Linnen, as it is probable suitable Persons may be found to carry 
on this Manufacture with proper Encouragement from the public, 
and a Bounty from the Govern m' This Manufacture is not liable 
to so many accidents as the Linnen, nor so great an Expence to 
establish it, the Poor of the Town may be employed to spin the 
Yarn for this, as well as the other, and the pounding & beating of 
the Hemp may be done by those in the Workhouse At present 
the Comm ee . are not able to Inform the Town so fully as to the 
making of Duck as they hope they soon shall, being in dayly ex- 
pectations of receiving answers to some Letters they have wrote 
relative to this he;id. and when they come to hand, the Committee 
doubt not but they shall be able to lay a Plan that may be equally 
beneficial to the Town & Province as the Linnen Manufacture 
would, if Persons could be found to undertake that, on the afore- 
mentioned Terms 

[52.] The Question being put Whether the Report on the 
other side shall be accepted Passed in the Affermative It was 
also Voted, that the said Committee be desired to set again for 
a further Consideration of what may be expedient for the Town 
to do relative to the Linnen Manufacture & c and to Report as 
soon as may be 

The Committee appointed to prepare Instructions for the Repre- 
sentatives of the Town, Reported the following Draft 

Gentlemen 

We your Constituents the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of 
the Town of Boston being legally Assembled in Faneuil Hall, and 
taking into mature Consideration the distressed Circumstances 
of this Town, by means of the amazing growth of Luxury, and 
the Embarrassments of our Trade ; & having also the strongest 
apprehensions that our invaluable Rights & Liberties as Men and 
British Subjects, are greatly affected by a late Act of the British 
Parliament imposing Duties on sundry Commodities to be levied 
& paid in the Colonies, have thought it expedient to give you our 
united sentiments on those interesting subjects ; that you may from 
thence take encouragement vigorously to pursue such Measures as 
may be best calculated to secure our safety & wellfare 

It is the part of every wise Community at all times to encourage 
Industry and Oeconomy among themselves. How great is the neces- 
sity when pressed with insupportable Debts and Taxes which is 
the present unhappy state of this Town and Province? The late Just 
and necessary war, in which our Sovereign and the Nation have been 
engaged, being principally seated in North America rendred it 
the incumbent Duty of his Majestys faithful Subjects of these 



228 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Colomas, to exert the utmost of their strength and abilities iu de- 
fence of his Dominions in this part of the World, and reducing 
his Enemies to terms of peace. This Province has [53.] Exhib- 
ited many repented instances of their readiness to afford this aid 
to his Majesty which will be standing Monuments of their zeal for 
his Majesties service & their affection to the Mother State. It is 
needless to recur to former Instances even in the Infancy of this 
Province ; the last War affords incontestable proofs ; when by their 
united exertions, they incurred a Debt which is now an almost in- 
supportable burden, and will so remain for Years to come. It is 
with concern that we are obliged to say, that under all this difficulty 
our private Debts to the British Merchants have been increasing ; 
and our importations even of Superfluities as well as other Articles 
have been so much beyond ihe bounds of prudence, that our utmost 
efforts it is to be feared, will not save us from impending ruin. At 
the Same Time our Trade by which alone we are enabled to balance 
our Accompts with Great Britain is in almost every branch of it 
burtheued with Duties and Restrictions, whereby it is rendred un- 
profitable to us ; and is indeed in danger of being totally obstructed 
& ruined. In such a deplorable situation we warmly recommend to 
you Gentlemen to exert your selves in promoting every prudent Meas- 
ure which may be proposed to put a stop to that profusion of Lux- 
ury, so threatning to the Country ; to encourage a spirit of Industry 
and frugality among the People, and to establish Manufactures 
in the Province. We conceive that diverse Manufactures may be 
set up to great advantage, particularly those of Iron, Glass, Paper, 
Linnen & c . and therefore we think it highly necessary that they 
should be encouraged by suitable Bounties. Hemp and Flax are 
the natural produce of our Lands, and many new discoveries maybe 
made of the Productions of the Country, which we have Just reason 
to expect you will attend to, as they will be the necessary Means 
of lessoning our Forreign Imports, enabling us to discharge the 
Debts we have already Contracted abroad, & freeing us from the 
Obligation of contracting at least so largely for Time to come. 
We cannot conclude this head without observing to you, that the 
excessive use & consumption of spirituous Liquors requires your 
particular care to discountenance ; as it is [54.] Destructive to 
the Morals as well as the Health and substance of the People ; 
rendering them incapable of labor, and tending to erace from the 
Mind, the sentiments of Virtue, and a disposition to Industry. 

As we have nothing more at heart than to maintain a lasting 
and perpetual friendship & union with the People of Great Britain 
who are our Fellow Subjects, we rely upon it that you will at all 
Times readily Join in any Measures tending to cultivate and estab- 
lish it. Using your best endeavors to circumvent & frustrate the 
designs of those who would create Jealousies and foment Divisions 
between us. At the same Time it is your incumbent Duty care- 
fully to inspect such Acts of Parliament as are or shall ba passed 
to be binding on Ihe Colonies ; the prudence and even necessity 
of which will appear when it is considered that we are not and 
cannot be Represented in the Parliament which passeth such 
Laws ; and consequently the only step that can be taken by those 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1767. 229 

who alone legally Represent us, is to point out such inconveniences, 
as by reason of our great distance from the Supreme Legislative 
of the Nation may and in all probability will sometimes arise from 
such Laws, in order that they ma}' be remidied. And we upon 
this Occasion strictly enjoin upon you to use your influence that 
the nature and tendency of the late Act of Parliament imposing 
Dutys upon Paper, Glass & e . may be the Subject of enquiry in the 
House of Representatives. The design of this Act we perceive is 
to raise a Revenue out of the Colonies for the support of his 
Majestys Government, and to defend and secure his Majestys 
Territories. As this Revenue is to be raised out of our property, 
it is immaterial to us by what mode the Taxes are to be levied, or 
by what Name they are called. It is without controversy the 
natural right of every Man, and the constitutional Right of every 
British Subject solely to dispose of his own property either by him- 
self in Person, or by his Representatives of his own free Election. 
If therefore the People of [55.] This Province are by nature and 
by the Royal Charter entitled to all the Rights of natural born 
Subjects, as without doubt they are, it is certain that all Property 
taken from them, by any manner or way without their consent 
must be an infringement of their natural and Constitutional Rights, 
and it is a point of the utmost consequence to us ; For what 
Liberty could any Man be supposed to have, if another have a 
right to demand of him any part of his earnings, and by conse- 
quence the whole if he pleases? Besides the appropriation of the 
Moneys to be raised by this Act we humbly apprehend it to be 
Just matter of grievance to us, in as much as we are thereby de- 
prived of that honor which is the pride of British Subjects of 
testefying our alacrity in supporting his Majesties Officers in the 
several Departments of Government, as well as of the privilege of 
taking into Consideration our own ability and the merit of their 
Services. Moreover the Act in its opperation will further dis- 
courage our Trade, already sinking under its pressures & difficulties. 
And it is worth your particular notice that it has ever been the 
policy of Great Britain to lay the Colonies under the necessity of 
purchasing her own Manufactures to the exclusion of all others, 
which obliges us to purchase such Articles as we have nead of at 
an advanced price : and this alone we apprehend would be suffi- 
cient to exempt us from any additional Charges or Duties upon 
them here, even it were not inconsistent with our natural and con- 
stitutional Rights ; especially when "it is considered, that by our 
consumption of their Manufactures, the price of them is great'y 
advanced, the Manufactures increased in number and wealth and 
enabled to pay a larger proportion towards the public and National 

Charges, and the value of their Lands is also greatly enhanced 

We therefore upon the whole Instruct you to endeavor that in 
the most humble dutiful and loyal terms such representations ma}' 
be made to our most gracious King, of our Constitutional & 
Charter Rights of our unrivalled Loyalty & Affection to his 
Person, Family & Government [56. J Of onr acknowledged Con- 
ptitutional subordination to the supreme Legislative power of the 
Nation, and of the hardships & grieveances which lye upon us 



230 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

under the opperation of the said Act, together with such humble 
supplication to his Majesty, as may prevail upon him graciously to 
recommend its Repeal 

The above Report having been duly Considered, it was Voted 
unanimously that the same be accepted. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that the afore- 
going Instructions be printed in tlie public News Papers 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Hon ble . James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for 
dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 13 th . of 
January A.D. 1768. 

[57.] Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - - read. 

Samuel Grant Esq. was chosen Moderator of this Meeting, and 
took the Oath respecting his pa}'ing and receiving Bills of Credit 
of the other Governments, as required by an Act of this Prov- 
ince 

The Committee appointed the 28 th . of October last " to consider 
of some Measures for employing the Poor of the Town of Boston, 
by reviving the Linnen Manufacture, and in such other ways as 
shall be thought most beneficial " Report 

That having Reported their Sentiments to the Town on the 22 d 
December last as to the carrying on the Linnen Manufacture and 
therein suggested their Opinion as to the great probability there 
was, that the making of Duck or Sail Cloth upon suitable encour- 
agement given, would employ the Poor and be fully as beneficial 
to the Public as any other Manufacture whatsoever though they 
were not then able to inform the Town as to the pi'ocess in making 
Duck or Sail Cloth, but as they expected answers to Letters they 
had wrote relative to this Article, they were in hopes when they 
should them, they should be able to lay a Plan before the Town 
for carrying this Manufacture on in such a manner as to answer 
the grand design of the Town, viz 1 . Employing the Poor of 
it 

And as the Committee were then desired by the Town to con- 
tinue their good offices for effecting this Plan, the Committee 
accordingly beg leave to Report That they have received 
answers to the Letters referred to, & had a long conversation with 
a Gentleman who has been concerned in this Manufacture and 
procured such other information about it, that they are of opinion 
the manufacturing of Duck or Sail Cloth, may be set up and car- 
ried on, so as to employ all the poor Women and Children of the 
Town and render it very beneficial to the Community. And there 
is this peculiar advantage in this Manufacture, that Duck can be 
made either with Flax or Hemp of our own growth or Forreign 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1768. 231 

Hemp, which can at all times be [58.] Procured and so not liable 
to fail by reason of a drought, whereas the Li. men Manufacture 
depended wholly on the growth of Flax, has by sorrowful experi- 
ence failed heretofore on that Account to tlie great detriment of 
this Town. But for the effecting this Plan, it will be necessary 
that Suitable encouragement be given by the Public to such Per- 
sons as shall appear to undertake and carry on the same ; and for 
this end the Committee would humbly propose First That the 
Government should grant the use of the Manufactory House in 
Boston to the Undertakers, for so long time as they shall continue 
to carry on the Manufacturing of Duck, Check or plain Linnen 
Secondly That a Sum be immediately raised by Subscription and 
given to the Undertakers, for the purchasing Looms, Wheels and 
other Utensils, necessary for carrying on said Business ; learning 
of Spinners and paying such other incidental Charges as may 
arise Thirdly That for purchasing such a Stock for carrying 
on this Manufacture as will answer the good purposes proposed it 
will be necessary for the Undertakers to hire a considerable Sum 
of Money, for which they must give their own personal security 
and pay the Interest thereof. 

And as the prospect of advantage is not sufficient to induce any 
to engage in it without some assistance from such as are of ability 
to afford it ; The Committee would propose that a Subscription be 
opened for the Annual payment of such a Sum as each Person 
should incline to give for the space of Five Years ; this is to be 
given to the Undertakers to enable them to pay the Interest of the 
Moneys they shall borrow 

With this encouragement the Committee are in hopes some Per- 
sons of Character & Resolution will appear to undertake this 
Manufacture ; which if any do and success attends the same, it 
will be not only a constant Employ to the Poor, but be greatly 
advantageous to the Town in many other respects ; and this 
encouragement as proposed, the Committee apprehend none can 
have any objection to ; and doubt not such a spirit and disposition 
will prevail in the Inhabitants, as that this Plan may be prosecuted 
in such a manner as the good effects of it may be, & continued 
[59.] With the Inhabitants of this Town and their Posterity 
forever. 

The Committee beg leave further to inform the Town, that M r . 
John Brown who now lives in the Factory, did make a proposal 
that he would engage on certain Conditions to manufacture and 
deliver them Linnens at the same price they are imported from 
London ; which proposal the Committee have carefully examined 
and considered ; and it appeared to them a very considerable Sum 
must have been advanced, to enable them to carry on the Manu- 
facture, for which he could give no security ; And it further 
appeared to the Committee that it was not practicable for him to 
comply with the proposals he had made ; therefore they cannot 
advise the Town to pursue it at present 

But the Committee would recommend it to the Gentlemen who 
may undertake the making of Sail Cloth, if it should appear to 
them that Check Linnen can be made to advantage, that they 



232 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

would employ some part of the Money subscribed to encourage 
that branch 



In the Name and by Order of the Committee 



JOHN BARRET 



The above Report having been read and considered, Voted, 
that the same be accepted, and that the Thanks of the Town be 
given the Gentlemen of the Committee for the Pains they have 
taken in the affair also 

Voted, that the Gentlemen of the above Committee be desired 
to procure Undertakers for the Execution of the Scheme ; and 
when Undertakers shall appear, the Town recommend to the 
Inhabitants a Subscription for said purpose It was further 

Voted, that the Gentlemen who Represent the Town in General 
Assembly, be and hereby are desired to countenance & forward 
all in their power any application that may be made to the Court 
by the Undertakers for their Assistance in said Undertaking 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given Samuel Grant 
Esq. Moderator 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[6O.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 14 th . 
Day of March Anno Domini 17G8 



Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r . Cooper 



Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - read. 
Sundry Laws enjoin'd to be read at this Meeting, were accord- 
ing read 

The Hou ble . James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit, of the Connecticut New Hampshire and Rhode 

Island Governments as required by an Act of this Province. 

William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing, 
and having taken the Oath respecting his paying & receiving 
Bills of Credit of the Connecticut and other Governments, took 
the Oath of Office for the faithful discharge of his Duty, which 

Oaths were Administred to him by M r . Justice Dana 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted, it appeared that 
Coll . Joseph Jackson 
Samuel Sewall Esq. 
John Ruddock Esq. 
John Hancock Esq. (all sworn) 

William Phillips Esq. 
M r . Timothy Newell 
John Rowe Esq. 

were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing 

[61.] The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Overseers 
of the Poor, and upon sorting them it appeared, that 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1768. 233 

John Barrett Esq. 

The Hon ble . Royal Tyler Esq. 

M r . Benjamin Dolbear 

M r . William Whitwell 

M r . William Greauleaff 

William White Esq. 

M r . Joseph Waldo 

John Leaveret Esq. 

John Gore Esq. 

Cap'. Samuel Partridge 

Thomas Tyler Esq. 

Cap*. John Bradford 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that the Thanks ot 
the Town be and hereby are given to Jonathan Willbms Esq. for 

his good Services the Year p:ist as an Overseer of the Poor 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Wardens, and 
upon sorting them, it appeared that, 

Henry Loyd Esq. ------ excused 

Jonathan Nimpson Esq. 

John Hancock Esq. 

William Blair Townsend - - - d. 

Cap'. John Mars ton 

Cap'. William Downe Cheever 

M r . Nathan Hancock 

M r . Samuel Barrett 

M r . John Sweetser Jun r . 

M r . Hopestill Capon 

M r . John Mav 

[63.] M r . Samuel Dyer 

were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing. 

2 more see after 

The Town brought in their Votes for Sixteen Fire Wards and 
upon sorting them it appeared that 

John Scollay Esq. 

Newman Grenough Esq. 

John Rowe Esq. 

John Rowe Esq. 

William Cooper 

M r . John Mico Wendell 

Coll . Thomas Marshall 

William Homes Esq. 

M r . Joseph Tyler 

Cap'. Adino Paddock 

M r . James Richardson 

Maj r . James Cunningham 

Cap'. Benjamin Waldo 

John Hancock Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

Cap*. Martin Gay 

Thomas Daws Esq. 
were chose Fire Wards for the Year ensuing. 



234 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Cap*. William Downe Cheever having declined Serving as a Fire 
"Ward by reason of his ill state of Health. Voted, that the 
Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given him for his good 

services in that Office some Years past 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, Voted, that the Thanks of the 
Town be & hereby are given to Jonathan Williams Esq. for his 

good services as a Fire-Ward some Years past 

[63.] The Town brought in their Votes for a Town Treasurer, 
& upon sorting them it appeared, that M r . David Jeffries was 
chosen & having taken the Oath relating to his paying and receiv- 
ing Bills of Credit of the other Governments ; took the Oaths of 
Office for the faithful discharge of his Duty, which Oaths were 

Administred to him by M r . Justice Dana 

Upon a Motion made and seconded the Question was put 
" Whether Constables and Collectors of Taxes shall be chose sep- 

perate," Passed in the Affermative 

Voted, that the Sum of Five Pounds be Remitted out of the 
Ten Pound Fine to such Person as shall be chose into the Office 

of Constable for the Year ensuing, and shall decline serving 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Clerks of the 
Market, and upon sorting them it appeared that 

Mess. Benjamin Clark - - - excused 

Samuel Barrett - - - - d. 

Edward Lyde Sworn 

Jchn Avery Jun r . d. 

Cap'. Thomas Brattle 

Cap*. William Wingfield d. 

M r . John Gridley 

M r . George Green 

M r . Thomas Pitts 

M r . John Gushing 

M r . Robert Duncan 

M r . John Gore Jun r . 

were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing 

see two more. 

M r . John Gray 

was chosen Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensuing. 
[64.] Mess". William Nichols 

Andrew Symms 

Clement Collins 

Henry Allen 

Isaac Vergoose 

John Grenough 

Jacob Thayer 

Joseph Edmunds 

John Skillens 

John Sergeant 

Richard Walker 

John Champny 

Samuel Turner 

John Bulfinch 

one more 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1768. 235 

were chose Surveyors of Boards & Shingles for the Year ensu- 
ing 

Mess. Samuel Dyer 

John Dyer 

Obediah Low 

John Joy 

William Craffts 

were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing 

Mess. Nathaniel Gardner 

Samuel Whitwell 

were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing 

Mess. Ebenezer Mclntosh 

Samuel Bangs 

William Andrews 

John Shepherd - - - - Sworn 

William Stevenson 

were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing 
[6.5.] Mess". Peter Cotta 

Manesseh Masters 

Joseph Dyer 

John Haskins 

David Spear 

Jonathan Jenkins 

Robert Brick Jun r . 

Job Wheelwright 

Joshua Pico 

Benjamin Salt 

Paul Baxter 

John Owen 

Thomas Knox 

Samuel White 

Edward Cowell 

Edward Potter 

Peter Ellis 

Timothy Pease 

Nathaniel Waterman 

Jacob Williams 

Samuel Bernard 

John Newell 

Joseph Phillips 

see more 

were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing 

Mess. David Simens 

Thomas Curtis 

were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing 

M r . Edward Curtis was chosen Hayward for the Year ensu- 
ing 

The Selectmen 

were chose Surveyors of High Ways for the Year ensuing 

[66.] Coll . Joseph Jackson 

William Phillips Esq. 

William Homes Esq. 



236 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

were chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, and they 
are desir'd and empowered to give all needful Direction to the. 
Keeper of the Granary respecting the Quantity of Grain to be sold, 
and affixing the price thereof from Time to Time as occasion shall 

require 

Cap'. Martin Gay 
M r . John Skinner 

were chose Assay Master for the Year ensuing 

Voted that M r . Thomas Gray 

Ezekiel Golthwait Esq. 
M r . Moses Gill 
M r . John Boylston 
Jonathan Williams Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Accompts 
of M r . Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accompts of the Overseers 
of the Poor, and the said Committee are enjoyned to inspect every 
particular Account of the Moneys Expended for the use of the 
Alms-house, they are also impowered when they shall Audit said 
Accompts to allow such of the Overseers as shall Advance Moneys 
for the Relief of the Poor, Interest on all such Sums from the Time 

so advanced, till they shall have Audited said Accompts. 

John Tuder Esq. 
M r . John White 

were chose Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, Voted, that the choice of a 

Clerk for Faneuil Hall Market, be left with the Selectmen 

[67.] Upon a Motion made and seconded it was Voted, that 

one Scavinger be chosen out of every Ward 

Mess. Nathaniel Baker Ward N. 1 

After Stoddard 2 

Benjamin Page ---------- 3 

Zachary Fowle ---------- 4 

Isaac Greenwood --------- 5 

Daniel Flagg ---------- 6 

Ephraim Copeland --------- 7 

Timothy White 8 

Nathaniel Kurd 9 

Oliver Wiswell 10 

John Bartlett 11 

Thomas Chase ----------12 

were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to inforce the Duty of the 
Scavingers upon them, and if they should find any Defect in the 
Laws relative to those Officers, that they Report the same to the 
Town, that they may act thereon as they may Judge conven- 
ient 

Voted, that M r . Ezekiol Price 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 
Melatiah Bourn Esq. 

be a Committee to bring in a form of a Vote relative to a Pre- 
mium for the Collectors of Taxes 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that the Sum of 



BOSTON TOWN EEGORDS, 17G8. 237 

Thirty Pounds be and hereby is allowed to James Clemmens for 

his Salary as Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market 

Voted, that the Consideration of School Masters Salarys and all 

other Salarys & Grants be referred over to next May Meeting 

[68.] The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven As- 
sessors and upon sorting them it appeared that 

M r . William Fairfleld 

M r . John Kneeland, 

M r . Benjamin Church 

Belcher Noyes Esq. 

M r . William Torrey 

M r . Jonathan Brown 

M r . Daniel Pecker 

were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing 

The Selectmen Reported on Accompts of M r . Benjamin Fenno 
Keeper of the Granary for the Year past, which Accompt as en- 
tred in his Books (and on file in the Town Clerks Office) was read, 
whereupon it was Voted, that the same be accepted, and that M r . 
Fenno be accountable to the Town for 810. Bushels of Indian Corn 
and 34 Bushels of Rye amounting to 112,, 10,, 8, and also for the 
Sum of 155,, 9,, 2f Cash now in his hands exclusive of the Sum 
of 32,, 13,, 4 for his Salary and Attendance as charged in his 
Accompt which is hereby allowed him. 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are impowered and 
directed, to set for the Abatement of such Taxes as they shall 
Judge reasonable on every Thursday till the first Thursday in April 
inclusive and no longer, saving that they be allowed to set the two 
last Weeks in November, for the Abatement of the Taxes of such 
Persons as had not an Opportunity of applying on the above limitted 
Time, by reason of their being out of the Province ; at which Time 
they are also allowed and impowered to Abate the Taxes of such 
Persons, as may have died Insolvent between the said last Thurs- 

da,y in April and the last Day of November 

The Selectmen as a Committee appointed by the Town to [69.] 
Consider Mary Pratts Petition, praying that an Allowance for 
Reasons therein mentioned, might be made on a Debt due from 
her late Husband Ebenezer Pratt deceased, for Rent of Deer Island, 

have attended that Business and Reported 

That the Petitioners Reasons for the above mentioned Allowance 
taken from the Circumstances of the two Years Drought 1761 & 
1762 however otherwise well founded, loose their weight in the 
present application, when we recollect that the said Pratts Contract 
was at that Time with Thomas Goldthwait Esq. who then Leased 
the said Island of the Town, And under the present Lease her Pleas 
for Abatement of Rent would be more directly in favor of her Pe- 
tition, was the said Island Leased to her Husband the said Ebenezer 
Pratt only ; but M r . Samuel Pratt her surviving Brother held the 
Lease Jointly with him, shared the Profit and now stands answer- 
able for the Rent 

On the other hand it must be allowed that the Family have suf- 
fered much by Uie Sickness and Death of their Parent, as well as 
other Circumstances which occurred during their residence on said 



238 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Farm, and have since the said Petition was brought before the 
Town, been obliged to sell their Stock at a low rate and quit the 
Farm at tlie approach of last Winter, which Occurrences \ve ap- 
prehend rendered them Objects worthy of the Towns compas- 
pionate Notice Wherefore your Committee beg leave to recom- 
mend to the Town an allowance of such a Sum as shall be deemed 
meet for their relief to be paid to the said Mary for the use of her 
Family out of the Rent for said Island coming to the Town on 
the last mentioned Lease, when the same shall be received into the 
Town Treasurery 

The above Report being read & considered, Voted, that the 
same be accepled, and that the Sum of Thirteen Pounds six Shil- 
lings and eight Pence be paid to the said Mary Pratt for the use 
of her Family out of the Rent for said Island coming to the Town 
on the last mentioned Lease, when the same shall be received into 
the Town Treasury 

Adjourned to 3. O c .Clock. P : M : 

[7O.] Town met according to adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . " Whether Interest shall be 
Allowed on the Moneys left unpaid of the Sums Voted the late 
Samuel Wentworth and John Hill Esq. for their Interest on the 
Neck 1764. " was read and Considered, whereupon 

Voted, that Interest be and hereby is allowed on said Sums, 
from the Time when they become due, untill they shall be paid 
and discharged 

The Committee respecting Collectors Premium Reported where- 
upon 

Voted, That the Sum of Twelve Pence on the Pound be and 
hereby is allowed to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of 
Taxes for the Year ensuing for all such Sums as they shall Col- 
lect, provided they pay into the several Treasuries, the whole 
Sum committed to them to Collect on or before the tenth Day of 
August 1769. Eight Pence on the Pound on all such other bums, 
as they shall have so paid in to said Treasurers on or before the 
20 Day of December 1769, and Four Pence on the Pound upon 
the remainder of the Sum they shall be obliged to Collect, pro- 
vided such remainder shall be fully paid in on or before the second 
Monday in March 177U this Premium as above expressed ap- 
pears to be Just & equitable, and an ample allowance to the Col- 
lectors to encourage them to discharge their Duty with diligence 
and fidelity provided also that such of said Collectors give Bond 
with sufficient Sureties to the satisfaction of the Selectmen for the 
faithful discharge of their Duty in said Office, and complying with 
this Vote 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted that 
Foster Hutchinson Esq. 
Melatiah Bourn Esq. 
M r . Edwaid Payne 

[71.] Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

John Hancock Esq. 
Jonathan Williams Esq. 
M r . Ezekiel Price 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1768. 239 

be a Committee to Examine into the state of the Town Treasury, 
and to consider of some Method Cor the better transacting the Money 
Affairs of the Town for the future, and to make Report of the same 

next May Meeting 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Constables, the 
Persons chose into that Office and sworn are 
Mess. Augustus Hail 

Francis Salmon 

Peter Barbour 

Edward Baker .... excused. 

Hezekiah Usher 

Lindsey George Wallis 

Daniel Berry 

Benjamin Adams 

see more. 

The Town brought in their Votes for a County Treasurer, which 
were sealed up and delivered to M r . Constable Lindsey George to 

be returned to the Court of Sessions 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Four Collectors of 
Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeared that 

M r . Sampson Salter 

M r . Edward Hollyday 

M r . Samuel Ruggles 

M r . Abraham Savage 

were chose into that Office 

The Town taking into consideration that Article in the Warrant 
Viz 1 . u Of such Methods as may be Judged necessary to pro- 
mote [72.] The carrying on the Manufactory of Duck lately 
undertaken by John Barrett Esq. and others, and granting them 
such encouragement & assistance towards prosecuting the same, 
as shall be effectual for the good purposes thereby proposed " 
Voted, that 

M r . Ebenezer Storer 

Benjamin Austin Esq. 

M r . William Whitwell 

Thomas Daws Esq. 

M r . Joseph Waldo 

M r . Moses Gill 

M r . Samuel Austin 

M r . William Greanleaff 

M r . William Gray 

Cap*. Samuel Partridge 

M r . Nathaniel Barbour 

M r . John Ballard 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to take Subscrip- 
tions of such Persons as shall incline to encourage the Under- 
taking, the same to be apply ed for the purposes mentioned in the 
Vote of the Town at their last Meeting. And it is recommended 
to said Committee that they exert themselves to the utmost of 
their power to obtain Subscriptions, as the Town apprehend that 
if suitable Encouragement be given in this Affair and it be prose- 
cuted with Resolution, it must Employ great numbers of the Poor 



240 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Persons who are a burthen and Expence to the Town, and be 

otherwise very beneficial to the Inhabitants 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz'. "That some Agreement 
may be come into not to purchase any Lamb before a particular 
Time affixed by the Town," was read & considered whereupon 
Voted that M r . Benjamin Harrod 

Cap*. Fortesque Vernon 
John Tnder Esq. 
Cap*. William Mack ay 
[73.] Cap'. Jonathan Carey 

M r . Samuel Fletcher 
M r . Samuel Emms 
M r . Thomas Jackson 
M r . Christopher Clark 
M r . John Presson 
M r . Henry Hill 
M r . James Swift 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to obtain Subscriptions 
to an Agreement not to purchase any Lamb untill the First Day 
of July next, and the Town recommend to the Inhabitants to 

Subscribe to so salutary a purpose 

The Committee appointed to Examine the Accompts of M r . 
David Jeffries Town Treasurer have attended that Service, and 
find the same right Cast and well vouched ; in which he charges 
himself with Sundry Fines, Rents, and other Incomes of the Town, 
as also with the Tax of 5500 all which amount to the Sum 

of 11285 ,, 11 ,, 5 including the balance of Old Account 

And the said Treasurer discharges himself by sundry Abate- 
ments made the Collectors amounting to 819 ,, 3 ,, 9, by Drafts 
made by the Selectmen amounting to 3600 ,, 3 ,, j of which he 
has paid 2595 ,, 11 ,, 2, and by Drafts made by the Overseers 
of the Poor which contain the Charges of the Almshouse amount- 
ing to 3150 ,, 19 1 of which he has paid 1873 ,, 6 ,, 5 
also by sundry Sums paid for Interest amounting to 61 ,, 3 ,, 

8 the whole amounting to 7639 ,, 19 ,, 8 

The said Committee have inspected said Drafts in a very par- 
ticular manner ; and have examined the Vouchers produced by 
Overseers of the Poor, for the amount of their Drafts, and every 
other branch of public Charge amounting in all as above to 
7639 ,, 19 ,, 8| as by Accompt of Town Treasurer in the Town 
Treasurers Books balance whereof being 3645 ,, 11 ,, 9J is 
earned to the Credit of New Accompt Which Report & 
Accompt being read, Voted, that the same be and hereby is ac- 
cepted 

[74.] That Article in the Warrant Viz'. " That some 
Measures may be come into to prevent Frauds in the Measure of 

Indian Meal &c." was read and Considered, whereupon 

Voted, that M r . Samuel Blodget 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
M r . George Bethune 
Coll . John Hill 
Benjamin Hallowell Esq. 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1768. 241 

be a Committee to take this Matter into further Consideration, 

and Report and the Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. " What may be proper to 
be done for the preservation and improvement of the Towns 
Land on the Neck" was read and considered, whereupon 
Voted, that M r . James Richardson 
M r . Henderson Inches 
M r . William Whitwell 
M r . Edward Payne 
M r . Thomas Walley 

be a Committee to Consider of this Matter, and Report at the 
Adjournment. 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz*. "To enquire into the state 
of the Grist Mills, and the Reason why that near the Bridge has 
been so long unimproved " and determine what is necessary 
to be done relative to said Mills" was read and debated, 
whereupon 

Voted, that John Tuder Esq. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq r . 
John Barret Esq. 

be a Committee to Consider of this Matter, and Report at the 
Adjournm*. 

The Petition of M r . Samuel Adams a late Collector of Taxes 
praying, " that a further Time may be allowed him to Collect his 
Outstanding Debts, that he may be enabled thereby to compleat 
the Obligation [75.] Of his Bond " was road and largely debated, 
whereupon 

Voted, that the Prayer of the Petition be granted, end that a 
further Time of Six Months be allowed him for Collecting his 
Taxes, and that the Treasurer be directed to stay Execution untill 
that Time 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. "To consider of the Re- 
quest of a number of the Inhabitants, that the Town would come 
into some Methods for the prevention of Frauds in the purchase 
of Hay and Wood ; and also whether further Measures may not 
be taken for the Assistance of the Assessors relative to Dooming 
the Inhabitants" was read and debated whereupon, 
Voted, that M r . Samuel Blodgett 
Samuel Swift Esq. 
Thomas Daws Esq. 

be a Committee to Consider of these Matters & Report at the 
Adjournment. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that the Thanks of 
the Town be given to the Author of a course of Letters lately 
published and signed A Farmer, and that 
D r . Benjamin Church 
John Hancock Esq. 
M r . Samuel Adams 
D r . Joseph Warren 
John Rowe Esq. 

be a Committee to prepare and publish a Letter of Thanks ac- 
cordingly 



242 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Thursday the 22 d . 
Day of March Inst'. 1 O'Clock A : M : 

Tuesday the 22 d . March 1768 10 O'Clock A:M: Met ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

The Town brought in their Votes for Five Constables, the 
Persons chose into that Office are 

[76.] Mess". Benjamin White 
Edward Hall 
Samuel Bernard 
Stephen Symms 
John Wells 

The Town brought in their Votes for two Clerks of the Market, 
and upon sorting them it appeared, that 
M r . Samuel Calf 
M r . Nicholas Bowes 
were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing 

The Committee on the Farmers Letters having Reported, had 
leave of the Town to Report again. 

The Petition of M r . James Dalton " that he may be reimbursed 
the Sum he remains indebted for compleating the Pavement of the 
New Street leading from Water Street into Milk Street " was read, 
whereupon 

Voted, that M r . William Fairfield 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
Thomas Daws Esq. 

be a Committee to take the same into Consideration and Report as 
soon as may be 

M r . Samuel Adams a late Collector of Taxes came into Meeting 
and informed the Inhabitants, that he should at the expiration of 
the term allowed by the Town for the Collecting for Collecting his 
Taxes, by their Vote the 14 Instant lay a state of his Affairs 
before the Town 

The Petition of M r . James Carter Usher of the North Writing 
School "that a further Allowance be made him," was read, 
whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to take this Petition into Consideration, & Report as soon 
as may be [77.] Agreable to a printed Notification it was moved 
& seconded, that the Votes passed on Monday last on the Memo- 
rial of M r . Samuel Adams Viz'. " That a further Time of Six 
Months be allowed him for Collecting his Taxes ; and that the 
Treasurer be directed to stay Execution untill that Time " be now 
Re-Considered ; and after considerable debate had thereon the 
Question was accordingly put, which passed in the Negative by a 
great majority 

Adjourned 'to 3 O'Clock P : M : 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

Jurors were drawn out of the Box for April Court, and a List 

delivered to M r . Constable Barbour 

M r . Abraham Howard 

was chosen a Surveyor of Hoards, for the Year ensuing 

The Committee appointed to enquire into the state of the Grist 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1768. 243 

Mills, Reported, and the Question being put "Whether the 
same shall be accepted Passed in the Negative 

The Town brought in their Votes for Two Wardens, and upon 

sorting them it appeared, that 

James Murray - - - - excused 
M r . Thomas Leveret 
were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing 

The Committee relative to Frauds in Wood & Hay &c. made 
a Verbal Report, and had the leave of the Town to Report 
again 

The Town taking into further Consideration the Petition of M r . 
Samuel Adams a late Collector " that a further Time may be al- 
lowed him [78.] To Collect his Outstanding Debts," &c. 
Voted, that The Moderator M r . Otis 
Richard Dana Esq. 
John Hancock Esq. 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to wait upon the Prov- 
ince Treasurer and M r . Sheriff Greanleaff to desire that the War- 
rant of Distress or Execution issued by the Province Treasurer 
against the said M r . Samuel Adams a defective Collector for this 
Town 1764 may be stayed for Six Months 

The following Letter was Reported by the Committee appointed 
for that purpose Viz'. 

To the ingenious Author of certain patriotick Letters, Subscribed 

a Farmer 

Much Respected Sir 

When the Rights and Liberties, of the numerous and Loyal 
Inhabitants of this extensive Continent are in imminent Danger 
when the inveterate Enemies of these Colonies are not more 
assideous to forge Fetters for them, then deligent to delude the 
People, and to persuade them to an indolent Acquiescence : At this 
alarming Period, when to Reject is deemed to Revolt, and to oppose 
such Measures as are injudicious and destructive, is construed as 
a formal Attempt to subvert Order and Government; when to 
Reason is to Rebel ; and a ready submission to the Rod of Power, 
is solicited by the Tenders of Place & Patronage, or urged by the 
menace of danger and disgrace ; Tis to you worthy Sir ! that 
America is obliged for a most seasonable, sensible loyal & vigor- 
ous Vindication of her invaded Rights & Liberties : Tis to you the 
distinguished Honor is due ; that when many of the Friends of 
Liberty were ready to fear its utter Subversion : Armed with 
Truth, supported by the immutable Laws of Nature, the common 
Inheritance of Man, and leaning on the Pillars of the British Con- 
stitution ; you seasonably brought your Aid, opposed impending 
Ruin [79.] Awakened the most indolent and inactive to a sense 
of danger, reanimated the hopes of those, who had before exerted 
themselves in the Cause of Liberty, and instructed America in the 
best means to obtain Redress. 

Nor is this Western World alone indebted to your Wisdom, 
Fortitude and Patriotism ; Great Britain also may be continued 
by you, that to be truly great and successful she must be Just : 



244 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

That to Oppress America is to violate her own Honours, defeat 
her brightest Prospects, and contract her spreading Empire 

To such eminent Worth and Virtue the Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston, the Capitol of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay 
in full Town Meeting Assembled, express their earliest Gratitude : 
Actuated themselves by the same generous Principles, which 
appear with so much Lustwe in your useful Labours, they will 
not fail warmly to recommend, and industriously to promote that 
Union among the several Colonies, which is so indispensably 
necessary for the security of tlie whole 

Tho : such superior Merit, must assuredly in the closest Recess, 
enjoy the divine satisfaction of having saved & possibly saved 
this People ; tho' vield from our view, you modestly shun the de- 
served applause of Millions ; permit us to intrude upon your Re- 
tirement, and salute the Farmer as the Friend of Americans, and 
the common Benefactor of Mankind 

The above Letter was read, and unanimously accepted by 
the Town, and ordered to be published in the several News 

Papers 

John Powell 
was chosen a Warden for the Year ensuing 

Upon a Motion made by Coll Jackson the Vote passed October 
9. 1767 relative to a Gun House was read and the Question 
being put, viz* Whether it be the sense of the Town that the 
Selectmen are by said Vote impowered to Erect another Building 
for said Service in such place as they shall think convenient 
Passed in the Affermative 

[8O.] M r . Henry Lucas 
was chosen a Culler of Staves for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that all Matters and Things which remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be and hereby are referred over to the General Town 
Meeting in May next 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby 
are given to the Hon ble . James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this 
Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in publick Town Meet- 
ing Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 4 th Day of May. 
Anno Domini 1768 



Prayer was made by the Rev d . Samuel Blair 



The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - 
read 

Sundry Laws ------ read 

[81.] Joseph Jackson Esq. one of the Selectmen proposed 
in their Name to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the 
choice of one or more Persons to Represent them in the Great & 
General Court or Assembly to be held in Boston upon Wcdnesdav 
the 25 Day of May Current, and in order thereto to consider and 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 17C8. 245 

assertain the number of Gentlemen to be Elected ; accordingly it 
was Voted to proceed to the choice of Four Representatives and 
then it was declared by the Selectmen, that no Votes will be 
received but such as are unfolded, and that they propose the Poll 

shall be closed at 12. O'Clock 

The Votes being brought in the Number of the same were found 
to be 440. and upon sorting them it appeared that the Four fol- 
lowing Gentlemen were chose Viz*. 

The Hou ble . James Otis Esq. 410 

The Hon ble . Thomas dishing Esq. - - - - 433 

M r . Samuel Adams --------- 432 

John Hancock Esq. --------- 414 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in 
their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, in order that the 
Town may proceed in transacting the other Affairs mentioned in 
the Warrant ; accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew, and brought 
in their Votes, and upon sorting them it appeared, that the Hon ble . 
James Otis Esq. was chosen 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Boston in Town 
Meeting Assembled May 4. 17G8 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Annual 
Meeting the 8. of May 1767 desiring the Selectmen to visit the 
several public Schools in the Town, and to invite such Gentlemen 
to accompany them therein as they should think proper, and to 

Report thereon 

We the Subscribers accordingly attended that service on 
Wednesday the First Day of July last accompanied by the fol- 
lowing [82.] Gentlemen, Viz 4 . 

The Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq. 

Nathaniel Sparhawk Esq. 

Andrew Oliver Esq. 

Thomas Uubbard Esq. 

Harrison Gray Esq. 

John Erving Esq. 

Thomas Flucker Esq. 

James Pitts Esq. 

The Representatives of the Town 

The Overseers of the Poor 

The Rev d . Joseph Sewall D. D. 

Charles Chansey D. D. 

Mather Byles D. D. 

M r . Samuel Mather 

M r . Samuel Checkley 

M r . Ebenezer Pemberton 

M r . Andrew Eliot 

M r . Samuel Cooper 

M r . Samuel Checkley 

M r . Samuel Blair 

M r . Peuuil Bowen 

M r . Semion Howard 

Benjamin Austin Esq. 



246 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

William Vassal Esq. 
M r . Moretou 
M r . John Edwards 
M r . William D. Cheever 
M r . Loring 
M r . John Joy 
D r . John Sprague 
M r . Treasurer Jeffries 
Joshua Henshaw Esq. 
M r . Edward Payne 
[83.] M r . John Boylston 

Cap*. Nathaniel Greenwood 
Newman Grenough Esq. 
M r . Thomas Grenough 
The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. 
And found the South Grammar School had 147 Scholars ; the 

Writing 

North Grammar School 35 Scholars ; the South Grammar School 
270 Scholars the North Writing School 284 Scholars; the 
Writing School in Queen Street 217 Scholars; all in very good 

order 

Voted, that the above Report be accepted, and that the Gentle- 
men the Selectmen be desired to visit the public Schools the Year 
ensuing, and invite such Gentlemen to accompany them as they 

may think proper 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P : M : 
3. O'Clock P : M : Met according to adjournment. 
Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that the Town 
Treasurer be directed to assertain the Town of the Sums of Money 
which they have hired upon Interest, which was accordingly done 
by the Treasurer 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred and twenty Pounds be al- 
lowed and paid unto M r . John Lovel for his Salary as Master of 
the South Grammar School, for the ensuing Year, the same to be 
paid him quarterly, as it shall become due, & to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . Samuel Hunt, for his Salary as Master of the North 
Grammar School, for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
Quarterly, as it shall become due, and to commence at the expira- 
tion of the last Quarter 

[84.] Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds lie al- 
low'd and paid unto M r . Abiah Holbrook for his Salary as Master 
of the Writing School in the Common for the Year ensuing, the 
same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to 

commence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allow'd and 
paid unto M r . John Procter for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in Queen Street for the Year ensuing, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the ex- 
piration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1768. 247 

paid unto M r . John Tileston, for His Salary as Master of the 
North Writing School the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the expira- 
tion of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . James, Lovel for his Salary as Usher of the South Grammar 
School, for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him Quarterly 
as it shall become due and to commence at the expiration of the 
last Quarter 

Voted, that a further Sum of Forty Pounds be allow'd and paid 
unto M r . James Lovel as an encouragement for him to remain and 
exert himself in the Service of the Town the ensuing Year ; the 
same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due & to com- 
mence at the expiration of the last Quarter. 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz 4 .) " Whether the Town will 
take any measures to supply the vacancy at the School in Queen 
Street, occasioned by M r . Holyokes Death " was read & considered, 
whereupon 

[85.] Voted, that M r . James Carter, who has for some 
Years past been an Assistant to M r . John Tileston, be and hereby 
is appointed an Usher to the Writing School in Queen Street, of 
which M r . John Procter is now Master. 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . James Carter for his Salary as Usher of the Writing School in 
Queen Street the Year ensuing, the same to be paid him Quarterly 
as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the 
last Quarter 

Voted, that a further Sum of Twenty five Pounds be allowed 
and paid unto M r . James Carter as an encouragement for him to 
exert himself in the Service in the Town the ensuing Year, the 
same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to com- 
mence at the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed & paid unto 
M r . Abiah Holbrook Master of the Writing School in the Com- 
mon for providing an Assistant the ensuing Year, the same to 
be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at 
the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid out of the Town Treasurer unto M r . David Jeffries for his 
services as Treasurer of the Town the Year past, and for all his 
Expenccs in that Office 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is directed and 
impowered to allow the several School Masters Interest on the 
Sums due to them from the Date of their Warrants to the Time of 
payment 

Voted, that the Sum of Six thousand Pounds be raised by a Tax 
upon Polls & Estates within this Town, for Relief of the Poor, & 
defraying other necessary Charges arising within the Town the 
ensuing Year 

[86.] Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that the 
Town Treasurer be, and he hereby is desired and impowered to 
borrow on Interest the Sum of One hundred thirty three Pounds 



248 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

six Shillings and eight Pence, for the use of the Overseers of the 

Poor, to purchase Grain & e . for the Almshouse 

see further. 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants " that application may 
be made to the General Assembly at the next Session, that the 
Town may be impowered by Law to choose an additional Number 
of Fire-Wards " was read, and after Debate had thereon the 
Question being put, Whether the Prayer of the Petition shall be 

granted Passed in the Negative 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that at the Annual 
Town Meeting in March next, there shall be One Fire-Ward chosen 
out of each of the Wards in this Town, the Number allowed by 

Law permitting it 

The Petition of William Cooper Town Clerk " that the Select- 
men may be permitted to allow him for his extra Services the Year 
past, as had been allowed him and the former Clerk in proceeding 
Years, a doubt having arisen in their Minds as to the propriety of 
their doing it without the permission of the Town " was read 

and debate had thereon whereupon 

Voted, that The Hon ble . James Pitts, Esq. 
The Hon ble . Royal Tyler Esq. 
Richard Dana Esq. 
The Hon ble . Thomas Hubbard Esq. 
The Hon ble . Thomas Flucker Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to take the same into 
Consideration, and they are desired to Report at the Adjourn- 
ment 

The Clause in the Warrant Viz'. " Whether a new Gun House 
shall be Erected of Brick, for the use of the Train of the Artillery 
belonging to the Regiment of Boston," was read, whereupon 

[87.] Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are directed 
and impowered to cause to be Erected as soon as may be a Gun 

House of Brick, for the use of the said Train of Artillery. 

The Clause in the Warrant (Viz'.) Whether the Town will 
take any Measures to encourage the Erecting of the New Mills on 
the Mill Creek as has been proposed," was read whereupon 
Voted, that Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
M r . Edward Payne 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
Joshua Henshaw Esq. 
John Barrett Esq. 

be a Committee to take this Matter into Consideration, and Re- 
port their Opinion at the Adjournment 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz'.) " To consider of some 
proper Representations to be made respecting the Difficulties the 
Trade labours under by means of the late Regulations, and Methods 
to be taken for our Relief " was read whereupon Voted, that 
M r . Henderson Inches 
Joshua Henshaw Esq. 
The Hon ble . James Otis, Esq. 
D r . Joseph Warren 
D r . Benjamin Church 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1768. 249 

M r . Samuel Adams 
The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. 

John Rowe Esq 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to take the same into 
Consideration and Report at the Adjournment 

The Committee appointed the 14 th . Day of March last, to procure 
Subscriptions from the Inhabitants of this Town for carrying on 
the Manufacture of Duck, or Sail Cloth, and for encouraging & 
assisting [88.] The Gentlemen who have undertaken the same 
Report, that since their Appointment they have used their ut- 
most Endeavours to get Subscriptions for the Sums that the Town 
Judged necessary to be raised for the Undertakers in order to 
enable them to begin and carry on said Manufacture, having m ide 
personal application to almost every Inhabitant that the Committee 
apprehended was of Ability to afford any Assistance ; but it is 
with concern that the Committee must inform the Town that their 
endeavours have not met with that success they expected, having 
been able to get Subscribed but about One hundred & fifty Pounds 
being half the Sum thought necessary to be paid down for the 
purchase of Utensils, and about One hundred Pounds as an annual 
subscription for five and Seven Years, being but a third part of the 
Sum Judged necessary to be raised Annually for carrying on this 
Manufacture, and effecting the good end proposed by the Town. 

The above report having been read Voted, that said Commit- 
tee be desired to use their best endeavours to obtain further Sub- 
scriptions for the purposes aforesaid 

To the Freeholders and Inhabitants of Boston in Town 

Meeting Assembled May 4 : 1 768 

Gentlemen 

We the Subscribers having undertaken to carry on the Manu- 
facture of Duck or Sail Cloth in this Town on our own account 
and risque, upon the Proposals and terms mentioned in the Report 
of the Town Committee, made the 13 th . of January last, which 
was unanimously accepted by the Town, and the Encouragement 
therein given to the Undertakers Judged by the Town to be nec- 
essary ; another Committee was then chose to obtain Subscriptions 
from the Inhabitants for that purpose who we are assured have 
diligently apply'd themselves to this service, but it is with concern 
we find by their Report made this Day, that the whole of the Sub- 
scriptions they have been able to procure, are greatly short of the 
Sum Judged absolutely necessary for setting up and carrying on 
this Manufacture, so as to establish it in [89."] Tho manner 
proposed, viz'. that it might be a dayly and constant Employ- 
ment for the Poor. We would inform the Town that considering 
the good ends designed by this Manufacture, and no ways doubt- 
ing but the Encouragement proposed by the Selectmen would be 
obtained, we have since the said 13 th . of January spent much 
Time, taking great pains and been at some expence in our prep- 
arations for entring upon this new Manufacture, and we should 
have thought ourselves happy in being Instruments of establishing 
the same, as it would have been such a constant employ for the 
Poor, and been a means of extricating the Town from the heavy 



250 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Expence incurred in supporting them. We cant but express our 
surprize that a Manufacture so beneficial to the Town in general, 
and the Poor in particular should meet with so small encourage- 
ment especially from the most wealthy of its Inhabitants, many 
of whom have refused contributing any thing to this Undertak- 
ing. It has been suggested by some that the profits arising to 
the Undertakers will be a sufficient encouragement to set up and 
carry on this Manufacture at their own Expence and risque, 
such Persons must be very ignorant of this Affair ; our design in 
pursuing this Business is not to enrich ourselves, but for employ- 
ing the many Poor we have in the Town and giving them a Live- 
lihood. We do now openly propose that if any of these Gentlemen 
or others of the Inhabitants will in our stead undertake & carry 
on this Manufacture, so as that the Poor may be Employed, 
we will now chearf ully give up our right to the Manufactory House 
(generously granted us by the General Court) and to all the 
Moneys Subscribed, and will be glad to be Subscribers ourselves. 
We think we have done everything in our power to employ the 
Poor, tho* it is like to fail of success, through the insufficiency of 

the Subscriptions 

JOHN BARRETT, 
EZEKIEL GoLDTHWAIT 
MELETIAH BOURN 
EDWARD PAYNE 
HENDERSON INCHES 

[9O.] Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be and they 
hereby are appointed a Committee to act upon the List of Jurors. 
Samuel Swift and Thomas Daws, Esq". two of the Committee 
appointed on the 14 Day of March last " To consider of the Re- 
quest of a number of the Inhabitants that the Town would come 
into some Methods for the prevention of Frauds in the purchase 
of Hay and Wood ; and also whether further Measures may not 
be taken for the Assistance of the Assessors relative to Dooming 
the Inhabitants " having desired to be excused from that service, 
were accordingly excused by the Town, and M r . Joseph Henderson 

and M r . James Richardson were appointed in their stead 

A Motion was then made and seconded to reconsider that part 
of the above Vote respecting the Assessors, and the Question 
being put it passed in the Negative. 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are directed to furnish 
the above Committee with the Books and Papers they may re- 
quire 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, That the Selectmen 
be directed to refuse the use of Faneuil Hall to his Excell y . the 
Governor and Council on the Ensuing Election Day unless they 
shall be ascertained that the Commissioners of the Board of Cus- 
toms, or their Attendants are not to be invited to dine there on 

said Day 

The Committee appointed the 22 d . of March last to consider the 
Petition of M r . James Dalton, praying, " that he may be reim- 
bursed the Sum he remains indebted for compleating the pave- 
ment of the new Street boding from Water Street to Milk Street." 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1768. 251 

Reported That they had heard M r . Dalton and compared his 
Petition with the Town Grant, and apprehend there is nothing 
fully due to him from the Town 

[91.] The Report on the other side having been read, the 
Question was put, Whether the same shall be accepted Passed 
in the Affermative 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday the 23 d . of 
May Instant 10 O'Clock Before Noon 

May 23. 10. O'Clock A : M : Met according to Adjournment 

The Committee to whom was referred the Consideration of the 
Petition of William Cooper Town Clerk Report that having met 
and fully heard the within named William Cooper in support of 
his within mentioned Petition, with the Objections of the Select- 
men of Boston against it (except two of them who appeared & 
made no Objections) and after viewing the Selectmens Minute 
Books of many Years past, and enquiring of diverse of the Select- 
men of Boston, do find that it hath been the constant usage and 
practise of the Selectmen in passing the Accounts of the Town Clerk 
to allow them from Fifteen to Seventeen Pounds lawful Money by 
the Year for their Extraordinary Services over and above their 
particular Annual Accounts ; that for several Years past the 
present Clerk has been allowed twenty Pounds a Year for such 
services, saving the two last Years, in which they have made him 
no Allowance at all for them ; That upon comparing the said M r . 
Coopers Accounts of particulars for those two Years with diverse 
of his former Accounts as well as of the Accounts of his imme- 
diate Predecessors, they can see no reason for denying him a meet 
reward for his extra services in those Years ; especially consider- 
ing that besides the usual extra services in those two Years, as 
\\ell as in former Years, the drawing Orders Certificates Writing 
Letters, and drawing other Writings, attending on Subscribers for 
promoting Oeconomy the last Year, require considerable labour & 
expend much Time, besides his constant Personal attendance on the 
Selectmen at their Meetings, other than their stated ones & c . & c . 
which last Article of [92.] Attendance alone, at the rate of the 
Town Clerks allowance for their stated Meetings amounts in the 
last Year to above Eleven Pounds of lawful Money Wherefore 
upon the whole the Committee are unanimously of Opinion, that 
the said M r . Cooper deserves at least Seventeen Pounds of lawful 
Money a Year for his extra services in each of the two Years 
past, amounting in the whole to Thirty four Pounds of like Money 
over and above the amount of his Account of Particulars for each 
of those two Years, which have been already allowed him. All 

which is humbly submitted & 

JAMES PITTS, p Order 

The above Report having been read, and very fully Considered, 
the Question was put. Viz'. Whether the above Report shall be 
accepted Passed in the Affermative 

Voted, that all Matters and things which remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be and hereby are referred over to the next General 
Town Meeting, to be then Considered of, and acted upon at said 
Meeting 



?52 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby 
'e given to the Honourable James Otis Esq. the Moderator of 
ihis Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[93.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
)f the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 23 d . 
Day of May. Anno Domini. 1768 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - - read 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the Connecticut New Hampshire & Rhode Island 
Governments, as required by an Act of this Province 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Three O'Clock. P : M : 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

A letter from Samuel Sewall & William Phillips Esq. & M r . 
Timothy Newell late Selectmen was laid before the Town 

The Town took up the Clause in the Warrant relative to the 
choice of three Selectmen in the room of Samuel Sewall, & William 
Phillips Esq. and M r . Timoth}^ Newell who have Resigned, and 
after some debate respecting the legality of choosing others in the 
room of those who had Resigned, after having accepted and acted 
as Selectmen, since Marcli last the Question was put, Viz 1 . 
Whether the Town will now proceed to the choice of three Select- 
men ; but a doubt arising respecting the Vote, a Poll was de- 
manded on the Question, by M r . Christopher Clark, and upon 
Polling it appeared that the Town was in the Affermative 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of Three Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in sorted, it appeared, that 

[94.] Joshua Henshaw Esq. 
Samuel Pemberton Esq. 
M r . Henderson Inches 
were chose Selectmen for the remainder of the Year 

The Clause in the Warrant Viz*. " To take the Sense of the 
Town with Respect to an Excise on spirituous Liquors, and to 
Instruct the Representatives of the Town thereupon, if it should 
be Judg'd convenient, agreable to the recommendation of the 
House of Representatives 1o the several Towns in the Province at 
the last Session of the General Assembly was read and debated, 
whereupon 

Voted, that it be and hereby is an Instruction to the Represen- 
tatives of this Town, that they use their influence in the General 
Assembly at the ensuing Session, that there mny not be any 
Excise laid upon Spirituous Liquors in any shape whatsoever 

M r . Blodgett Chairman of the Towns Committee relative to 
Assessors, made a verbal Report, and also complained of the 
treatment they had received from the Assessors upon application 
made to them for the Tax Books 

Moved and seconded, that there be a re-consideration of the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1768. 253 

Vote appointing a Committee to examine the Assessors Books & e . 
and the Question being accordingly put Passed the Afferma- 
tive 

It was moved and accordingly put, That there be a reconsidera- 
tion of a late Vote enjoining the Selectmen to refuse the use of 
Faneuil Hall to his Excellency the Governor & Council on the 
ensuing Election Day unless they shall be ascertained that the 
Commissioners of the Board of Customs or their Attendants are 
not to be Invited to dine there on said Day which Question 
passed in the Negative almost unanimously. 

[95.] Upon a motion made and seconded Voted, that the 
Town Treasurer be and he hereb}* is impowered to borrow on 
Interest the further Sum of Sixty six Pounds thirteen Shillings, 
and four Pence for the use of the Overseers of the Poor, to pur- 
chase Grain & for the Almshouse 

The Committee relative to Grist Mills not being ready to Report 
at this Time, were desired to Report, the next Town Meeting 

Voted, that all Matters and Things which remain unfinished at 
this Meeting, be referred over to the next Town Meeting to be 
then considered of and acted upon at said Meeting 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to the Hon ble . James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for 
dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a legal Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston at Faneuil Hall June 14 th : Anno. Dom : 

1768 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - Read 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, and took the usual Oaths, respecting paying and Re- 
ceiving Bills of the New England Governments 

[96.] Faneuil Hall not being capacious enough to receive all 
the Inhabitants assembled, and those within the Walls being in- 
commoded by the crowd A Motion was made and it was accord- 
ingly Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Meet at the Old 
South Church ; at which place the Inhabitants Met according to 
Adjournm'. 

After very cool and deliberate Debates upon the distressed 
Circumstances of the Town, and the present critical Situation of 
their Affairs, it was unanimously, Voted, that 

fc The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. Moderator 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 
Joseph Jackson Esq. 
John Ruddock Esq. 
John Hancock Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
Samuel Pemberton Esq. 
M r . Henderson Inches 
D*. Thomas Young 



254 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

D r . Joseph Warren 

The Hon ble . Thomas Cushing Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

D r . Benjamin Church 

Samuel Quincy Esq. 

M r . Edward Payne 

Cap*. Daniel Malcomb 

Richard Dana Esq. 

Melatiah Bourn Esq. 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 

The Hon ble . Royal Tyler Esq. 

M r . Josiah Quincy 

be & hereby are appointed a Committee to wait on his Excellency 
the Governor of the Province, with the following Petition 

Viz*. 

[97.] Province of ^ To His Excellency Francis Bernard 

the Esq. Governour and Commander 

Massachusetts [ in Chief, in and over said Prov- 

Bay ince and Vice Admiral the same. 

The Inhabitants of the Town of Boston in Town Meeting legally 

Assembled 

Humbly Shew 

That your Petitioners consider the British Constitution as the 
Basis of their safety and happiness ; By that is established no 
Man shall be govern'd nor taxed but by himself or Representative 
legally and fairly chosen ; and in which he does not give his own 
consent. In open violation of these fundamental Rights of Brit- 
ons, Laws & Taxes are imposed on us to which we have not only not 
given our consent but against which we have most firmly Remon- 
strated Dutiful Petitions have been preferred to our most gracious 
Sovereign, which (though to the great consternation of the People, 
we now learn, have been cruelly and insiduously prevented reach- 
ing the Royal Presence) we have waited to receive a Gracious 
answer to, with the greatest attention to the publick peace, untill 
we find ourselves invaded with an armed force, Siezing, impress- 
ing the Persons of our fellow Subjects contrary to express Acts 
of Parliament. Menaces have been thrown out, fit only for Barba- 
rians which already effect us in the most sensible manner, and 
threaten us with Famine & Desolation, as all Navigation is ob- 
structed, upon which alone our whole support depends, and the 
Town is at this Crisis in a Situation nearly such, as if War was 
formally declared against it. To contend with our Parent State 
is in our Idea the most shocking and dreadful Extremity ; but 
tamely to relinquish the only security we and our Posterity Detain 
of the enjoyment of our Lives & Properties, without one struggle 
is so humiliating and base, that we cannot support the Reflection ; 
we apprehend Sir, [98.] That it is at your option, in your power, 
and we would hope in your inclination, to prevent this distressed 
and Justly incensed People, from effecting too much, and from 
the shame and reproach of attempting too little. 

As the Board of Customs have thought fit, of their own motion 
to relinquish the exercise of their Commission here, and as we 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1768. 255 

cannot but hope, that being convinced of the impropriety and in- 
justice of the appointment of a Board, with such enormous power, 
and the inevitable distraction which would ensue from the exercise 
of their office, will never reasume it. We flatter ourselves your 
Excellency will in tenderness to this People, use the best means in 
your power, to remove the other grieveance, we so Justly com- 
plain of, and issue your immediate Order to the Commander of 
his Majestys Ship Romney, to remove from this Harbour, 'till we 

shall be ascertained of the Success of our Applications. 

And your Petitioners as in duty bound & 
Upon a motion made and seconded, Voted, that 
John Howe Esq. 
John Hancock Esq. 
D r . Joseph Warren 
be a Committee to wait on his Excellency, to know when he would 

be pleased to receive the Towns Petition 

The above Committee having Reported, that his Excellency was 
at his Country Seat ; it was Voted, that the Committee to present 
the Petition of this Town to the Governor be desired to proceed 
immediately to his Seat at Roxbury in order to present the 

same 

Upon a Motion made and Seconded, Voted, that 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. Moderator 
Joshua Henshaw Esq. 
Joseph Jackson Esq. 
John Ruddock Esq. 
John Hancock Esq. 
[99.] John Rowe Esq. 

Samuel Pemberton Esq. 

M r . Henderson Inches 

D r . Thomas Young 

D r . Joseph Warren 

The Hon ble . Thomas Cashing Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

D r . Benjamin Church 

Samuel Quincy Esq. 

M r . Edward Payne 

Cap*. Daniel Malcomb 

Richard Dana Esq. 

Melatiah Bourn Esq. 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 

The Hon ble . Royal Tyler Esq. 

M r . Josiah Quincy. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to draw up a true state 
of some late Occurrancea in this Town to be transmitted M r . Agent 
Deberdt. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that 
D r . Joseph Warren 
D r . Benjamin Church 
M r . Samuel Adams 

be a Committee to prepare the form of a Vote, to be laid before 
the Town at the Adjournment ; expressing their great dislike at 



256 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

the manner of proceedure in the Custom house Officers in lately 
carrying off a Vessel fi'om Hancocks Wharff ; and their sense of 
the ill consequences which must follow the methods made use of 
to introduce an armed force into this Town to Report at the 
Adjournment 

A Letter of John Lane Esq. from London, was laid before the 
Town by John Ro\ve Esq. which informs that he had delivered the 
Letters to General Conway & Coll . Barry in Person, and asked 
their [1OO.] Permission to defrey the Printers Charge for their 
Pictures, but was politely refused It was then Voted, that the 
Thanks of the Town be given John Lane Esq. for his trouble and 
Services in this Matter 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to "Wednesday next 4. 
O'Clock. P : M : then to meet at the Old South Church. 

Wednesday the 15 of June 17G8 4. O'Clock. P: M: Met at 
the Old South Church according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to present the Towns Petition to the 
Governor, acquainted the Town with the manner in which they 
had been received, and also Reported from his Excellency the 
following Answer. Viz'. 

Gentlemen 

My Office and station make me a very incompetent Judge of the 
rights you claim against Acts of Parliament ; and therefore it 
would be to no purpose for me to express my opinion thereupon. 
All I can say is, that I shall not knowingly infringe any of your 
Rights and Privileges, but shall religeously maintain all those 
which are committed to me as a servant of the King. 

In regard to the impressing men for the Service of the King in 
his Ships of war, it is practised in Great Britain, and all other his 
Majestys Dominions and therefore I cannot dispute it in this part 
of them. But I shall use my utmost endeavors to get it regulated 
so as to avoid all the inconveniences to this Town, which you are 
apprehensive of ; and from the knowledge I have of Cap*. Comer, 
I have no doubt of my succeeding therein. 

I cannot pretend to enter into any dispute between you and 
your Parent State ; I desire to be a faithful servant in regard to 
both ; and 1 shall think myself most highly honoured, if I can be 
in the lowest degree an Instrument in preserving a perfect [1O1.] 
Conciliation between them, I can assure you that if it was as 
much in power as it is in my will it would always be preserved. 

I am obliged by all kinds of dut\ r , by my general Instructions ; and 
by his Majestys special orders to protect aid and assist the Com- 
missioners of the Customs (appointed under the Great Seal of 
Great Britain in pursuance of an act of parliament) and their 
Officers in their Persons and Offices. And whether they shall or 
shall not relinquish the exercise of their commission, I must not 
fail to give them all the protection aid and assistance in my power 
If in so doing I shall give offence, I shall be sorry for it, but I 
shall never regret the doing my duty. 

I have no command over his Majestys Ships, and therefore can- 
not issue such orders as you desire nor indeed any order to the 
Commander of his Majestys Ship the Romuey. And it would be 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1768. 257 

highly improper for me to make a requisition to him to remove 
from this Harbour, when I know he is stationed here by a superior 
Officer, and cannot remove from hence but by his Ordt-rs 



FKA BEUNARD 



The Committee at the same time reported the Draft of a Letter 
to M r . Agent De Berdt, which was read and unanimously accepted, 
and the Committee were directed to make any alterations or 
additions they might think necessary, and to forward the same 
together with such Affidavits as they should obtain, by the first 

Vessel 

The Committee appointed to prepare the form of a Vote, relative 
to the carrying of a Vessel of John Hancock Esq. and an intro- 
duction of an armed force into this Town Reported in the form 
of Resolves and after considerable debate thereon & the propriety 
of a Towns passing Resolves, Voted, that 

D r . Joseph Warren 

Richard Dana Esq. 

D r . Benjamin Church 
[1O2.] John Adams Esq. 

John Rowe Esq. 

M r . Henderson Inches 

M r . Edward Payne 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to prepare Instructions 
for our Representatives relative to those and other Matters, and 
that said form of Resolves be handed into them, for such use to 

be made of them as they may Judge proper 

Adjourned to Fry day next, 4. O'Clock : P : M : then to Meet at 
Faneuil Hall 

Fryday June 17. 4 O'Clock P: M: Town met according to 
Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to prepare a Draft of Instructions to 
the Representatives of this Town in the General Assembly 
Reported as follows 

To the Hon ble . James Otis & Thomas Cushing Esq. M r . Samuel 
Adams, and John Hancock Esq. 

After the Repeal of the late American Stamp Act, we were 
happy in the pleasing prospect of a restoration of that tranquility 
and unanimity among ourselves, and that harmony & affection be- 
tween our Parent Country and us, which had generally subsisted 
before that detestable Act. But with the utmost grief and concern 
we find that we flatter'd ourselves too soon, and that the root of bit- 
terness is yet alive The principle on which that Act was founded 
continues in full force, & a Revenue is still demanded from 
America. 

We have the mortification to observe one Act of Parliament 
after another, passed for the express purpose of raising a Revenue 
from us ; to see our money continually collecting from us, without 
our consent, by an authority in the constitution of which we have 
no share, and over [1O3.] Which we have no kind of influence or 
controul ; to see the little circulating Cash that remained among 
us for the support of our trade, from time to time transmitted to a 
distant Country, never to return, or what in our estimation is 



258 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

worse if possible, appropriated to the maintainauce of swarms of 
Officers and Pensioners in idleness and luxury, whose example has 
a tendency to corrupt our morals, and whose arbitrary disposi- 
tions will trample upon our rights 

Under all these misfortunes and afflictions, however, it is our 
fixed resolution to maintain our loyalty and duty to our most 
gracious Sovereign, a reverence and due subordination to the 
British Parliament as the supreme Legislative in all cases of ne- 
cessity, for the preservation of the whole Empire, and our cordial 
and sincere affection for our Parent Country, and to use our 
utmost endeavors for the preservation of peace & order among 
ourselves : Waiting with anxious expectation for a favourable 
answer to the Petitions and sollicitations of this Continent for 
Relief at the same Time it is our unalterable resolution, at all 
times to assert and vindicate our dear and invaluable Rights and 
Liberty s, at the utmost hazard of our lives and fortunes ; and we 
have a full and rational confidence, that no design formed against 
them will ever prosper. 

That such designs have been formed and are still in being we 
have reason to apprehend. A multitude of Placemen and Pen- 
sioners, and an enormous train of Underlings and Dependants, 
all novel in this Country we have seen already : Their inju- 
rious temper, their rash inconsiderate & weak behavior, are well 
known 

In this situation of affairs several armed Vessels and among 
the rest his Majesty's Ship of War the Romney, have appeared in 
our Harbor ; and the last as we believe by the express application 
of the Board of Commissioners with design to over awe and terrify 
the Inhabitants of this Town into base compliances, and unlim- 
itted submission, has been anchored within a Cables length of the 
Wharves. 

But passing over other irregularities, we are assured, that the 
last alarming act of that Ship Viz'. the violent and in our 
opinion illegal seizure of a Vessel lying at a Wharff, the cutting 
of her forts, & removing [1O4.] Her with an armed force in 
hostile manner, under the protection of the Kings Ships, without 
any probable cause of seizure that we know of, or indeed any 
cause that has as yet been made known ; no Lible or prosecution 
whatever having yet been instituted against her, was by the 
express Order or request in writing of the Board of Commis- 
sioners to the Commander of that Ship 

In addition to all we are continually allarmed, with rumors & 
reports of new revinue Acts to be passed, new importations of 
Officers and Pensioners to suck the life blood of the body politick, 
while it is streaming from the Veins ; fresh arrivals of ships of 
war to be a still severer restraint upon our trade ; and the arrival 
of a military force to dragoon us into passive obedience ; orders 
and requisitions transmitted to New York, Hallifax and to Eng- 
land, for Regiments and Troops to preserve the public peace. 

Under the distresses arising from this state of things, with the 
highest confidence in your integrity abilities & fortitude, you will 
exert yourselves Gentlemen on this occasion, that nothing may be 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1768. 259 

left undone that may conduce to our relief ; and in particular we 
recommend it to your consideration and discretion in the first 
place to endeavor that Impresses of all kinds may if possible be 
prevented. There is an Act of Parliament being which has never 
been repealed, for the encouragement of the trade to America. 
We mean the 6 : of Anne Chap. 37. Sect. 9. it is enacted. "That no 
" Marriner or other Person who shall serve on boaid or be retained 
" to serve on board, any Privateer or trading Ship or Vessel that 
" shall be imployed in any part of America, nor any Mariner or 
" other Person being on shore in any part thereof, shall be liable to 
"be impressed or taken away by any Officer or Officers of or be- 
" longing to any of her Majesty's Ships of War, impowered by the 
" Lord High Admiral, or any other Person what soever, unless such 
"Mariner shall have before disserted from such Ship of War be- 
" longing to her Majesty, at any time after tlie 14. of February 
" 1757 upon pain that any Officer or Officers so impressing or 
" causing to be impressed or taken away any Mariner or other 
" Person contrary to the tenor & true meaning of [1O5.] This 
" Act, shall forfeit to the Master or Owner or Owners of any 
" such Ship or Vessel twenty pounds for every Man he or they 
" shall so impress or take to be recovered with full costs of Suit 
"in any Court within any part of her Majesty's Dominions" so 
that any Impresses of any mariner, from any Vessel whatsoever, 
appears to be in direct violation of an Act of Parliament 

In the next place its our desire that you enquire and use your 
endeavors to promote a Parliamentary enquiry for the Au- 
thors and propagators of such alarming rumors and reports as 
we have mentioned before ; & whether the Commissioners or any 
other Person whatever have really wrote or solicited for Troops 
to be sent here from N York Ilallifax England or elsewhere, and 
for what end ; and that you forward if you think it expedient, in 
the House of Representatives resolutions that every such Person, 
who shall solicite or promote the importation of Troops at this 
time, is an Enemy to this Town and Province, and a disturber of 
the peace and good order of both. 

The above Report having been read and considered, the Ques- 
tion was put " Whether the same shall be accepted " Passed in 
the Affermative unanimously 

Voted, tbat the Thanks of the Town be & hereby are given to 
the Hon ble . James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for 
despatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dessolved. 



[1O6.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 12 th . Day ot 
September A : D : 17G8 



Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r . Cooper 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Rhode 
Island Governments. 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants to the Selectmen for 

calling this Meeting --------- read. 

Whereas it hath been Reported in this Town Meeting that his 
Excellency the Governor has intimated his apprehensions, that 
One or more Regiments of his Majesty s Troops are dayly to be 
expected here. 

Voted, That the Hon ble . Thomas Cushing Esq. 

Richard Dana Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

D r Joseph Warren 

John Rowe Esq. 

John Hancock Esq. 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 

be a Committee to wait upon his Excellency if in Town, humbly 
requesting that he would be pleased to communicate to the Town 

the grounds and Assurances he may have thereof 

A Vote of the IIon ble . Board respecting a Tar Barrel, which was 
the other Night placed in the Skillet on Beacon Hill, by "Persons 
unknown [1O7.] Was communicated to the Town but not acted 

upon 

Voted, that the following Petition be presented his Excellency 
the Governor 

To His Excellency Francis Bernard Esq. Governor and Com- 
mander in Chief of His Majestys Province of the Massachusetts 

Bay in New England 

May it please your Excellency 

The Inhabitants of the Town of Boston legally Assembled 
taking into Consideration the critical state of the publick Affairs, 
more especially tlie present precarious situation of our invaluable 
Rights & Privileges Civil and Religeous, most humbly request that 
your Excellency would be pleased forthwith to issue Precepts for 
a General Assembly to be Convened with the utmost speed, in 
order that such measures may be taken as in their wisdom they 
may think proper for the preservation of our said Rights and 

Privileges 

And your Petitioners as in duty bound & c . 
Voted, that the Hon ble . Thomas Cushing Esq. 
Richard Dana Esq. 
M r . Samuel Adams 
D r . Joseph Warren 
John Rowe Esq. 
John Hancock Esq. 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 

be a Committee to present the within Petition and to request of his 
Excellency, that he would be pleased to favor the Town with an 

immediate answer. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. the Moderator 
M r . Samuel Adams 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1768. 261 

[1O8.] John Ruddock Esq. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Cashing Esq. 

John Hancock Esq. 

Richard Dana Esq. 

John Rovve Esq. 

Samuel Quincy Esq. 

D r . Joseph Warren 

M r . William Mullineux 

M r . John Bradford 

Cap 4 . Daniel Malcomb 

M r . William Greanleaff 

Cap*. Adino Paddock 

M r . Thomas Boylston 

Arnold Wells Esq. 

be a Committee to take the state of our publick Affairs into Con- 
sideration, and Report at the Adjournment the Measures they 

apprehend most salutary to be taken in the present emergency 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned unto the next Day. 10. 

O'Clock. A : M : 

Tuesday the 13 of September 10. O'Clock. A:M: Town Met 

according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed Yesterday to wait upon his Excel- 
lency with the Petition by request of the Town Reported from his 
Excellency the following answer in writing 

Gentlemen 

My apprehensions that some of his Majestys Troops are to 
be expected in Boston, arise from information of a private 
nature ; I have received no publick Letters notifying to me the 
coming of such Troops, and requiring Quarters for them ; when- 
ever 1 do [1O9.] 1 shall communicate them to his Majestys 
Council. The Business of calling another Assembly for this Year 
is now before the King ; and I can do nothing in it, untill I receive 

his Majestys Commands. 

FRANCIS BERNARD. 

The Committee appointed to take the state of our public Affairs 
into Consideration, Reported the following Declaration and Re- 
solves 

Whereas it is the first Principle in Civil Society, founded in 
Nature and Reason, that no Law of the Society can be binding on 
any Individuals, without his Consent, given by himself in Person, 
or by his Representative of his own free Election : And whereas 
in and l\y an Act of the British Parliament passed in the First Year 
of the Reign of King William and Queen Mary, of gloiious and 
blessed Memory, entitled an Act declaring the Rights and Liberties 
of the Subject, and Settling the Succession of the Crown ; the Pre- 
amble of which Act is in these words viz'. " Whereas the late 
King James the Second, by the assistance ot diverse evil Council- 
lors, Judges ;md Ministers employed by him, did endeavor to sub- 
vert & exterpate the Protestant Religeon, and the Laws and Liber- 
ties of this Kingdom " It is cxpivssly among other Things declared, 
That the levying Money for the use of the Crown, by Pretence of 
Prerogative, without Grant of Parliament for a longer Time or in 



262 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

other manner than the same is granted, is illegal. And whereas 
in the Third Year of the Reign of the same King William & Queen 
Mary, their Majestys were graciously pleased, by their Royal 
Charter to give and grant to the Inhabitants of His Majestys 
Province, all the Territory therein discribed, to be holden in free 
and common Soccagc : And also to Ordain & Grant to the said 
Inhabitants certain Rights, Liberties and Privileges therein ex- 
pressly mentioned ; among which it is Granted established and 
Ordained, that all and every the Subjects of them their neb's & 
Successors, which shall go to Inhabit within said Province and 
Territory, and every of their Children which shall happen to be 
born there, or on the Seas in going thither, or returning from 
thence, shall have & enjoy all Libertes and Immunities of free and 
natural Subjects, within any of the Dominions of them, their Heirs 
and Successors, to all intents [11O.] Purposes and Constructions 
whatever, as if they and every of them, were born within the 
Realm of England : 

And whereas by the aforesaid Act of Parliament made in the 
first Year of the said King William and Queen Mary, all and sin- 
gular the Premisses contained therein, are claimed demanded & In- 
sisted on as the undoubted Rights & Liberties of the Subjects 
born within the Realm : 

And whereas the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of this Town 
the Metropolis of the Province in said Charter mentioned, do hold 
all the Rights & Liberties therein contained to be sacred & invio- 
lable At the same Time publickly and solemnly acknowledging 
their firm and unshaken Allegiance to their alone and rightful 
Sovereign King George the Third, the lawful Successor of the 
said King William and Queen Mary to ihe British Throne 

Resolved That the said Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, will at the utmost peril of their Lives & Fortunes 
take all legal and constitutional measures to defend and maintain 
the Person Family, Crown and Dignity of our said Sovereign Lord 
George the Third ; and all and singular the Rights, Liberties, Privi- 
leges & Immunities granted in the said Royal Charter, as well as 
those which are declared to be belonging to us as British Subjects 
by Birth right, as all others therein specially mentioned. 

And whereas by the said Royal Charter it is specially granted to 
the Great & General Court or Assembly therein constituted, to 
impose and levy proportionable and reasonable Assessments, Rates 
& Taxes upon the Estates and Persons of all and every the Pro- 
prietors & Inhabitants of said Province or Territory, for the 
Service of the King in the necessary defence and support of his 
Government of this Province, & the protection and preservation of 
his Subjects therein, therefore 

Voted, as the Opinion of this Town ; that the levying Money 
within this Province for the use and service of the Crown, in other 
manner than the same is granted by the Great & General Court or 
Assembly of this Province is in violation of the said Royal 
Charter; and the same is also in violation [111.] Of the un- 
doubted natural Rights of Subjects, declared in the aforesaid Act 
of Parliament, freely to give and grant their own Money for the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1768. 263 

service of the Crown, with their own consent, in Persoa, or by 
Representatives of their own free Election 

And whereas in the aforesaid Act of Parliament it is declared 
That the raising or keeping a standing Army, within the Kingdom 
in time of peace, unless it be with the consent of Parliament, is 
against Law ; It is the Opinion of this Town ; that the said Dec- 
laration is founded in the indefeaseble Right of the Subjects to be 
consulted; and to give their free Consent in Person, or by Repre- 
sentatives of their own free Election to the raising & keeping a 
standing Army among them ; and the Inhabitants of this Town 
being free Subjects, juavc the same Right derived from Nature & 
confermed by the British Constitution, as well as the said Royal 
Charter; and therefore the raising or keeping a standing Army, 
without their consent in Person or by Representatives of their own 
free Election, would be an infringement of their natural, constitu- 
tional and Charter Rights ; and the employing such Army for the 
enforcing of Laws made without the consent of the People, in 
Person, or by their Representatives would be a Grievance. 

The aforegoing Report being diverse Times distinctly Read, & 
considered by the Town The Question was put Whether the 
same shall be accepted & recorded ; and passed unanimously 
in the Affermative 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, the following Votes was 
unanimously passed Viz 1 . 

Whereas by an Act of Parliament of the First of King William 
and Queen Mary, it is declared ; that for the Redress of all 
Grieveances, and for Amending Strengthning, and preserving the 
Laws, Parliaments ought to be held frequently, and in as much 
as it is the Opinion of this Town, that the People labour under 
man}' intolerable Grievances, which unless speedily Redressed ; 
threaten the total distinction of our invaluable natural, constitu- 
tional and Charter Rights. 

And furthermore As his Excellency the Governor has declared 
[112.] Himself unable at the Request of this Town to call a 
General Court, which is the Assembly of the States of this Prov- 
ince, for the Redress of such Grieveances ; 

Voted, that this Town will now make choice of a suitable 
number of Persons to Act for them as a Committee in Convention, 
with such as may be sent to Join them from the several Towns 
in this Province, in order that such Measures may be consulted 
and Advised as his Majestys service, and the peace and safety of 
his Subjects in this Province may require whereupon 
The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. 
The Hon ble . Thomas dishing Esq. 
M r . Samuel Adams & 
John Hancock Esq. 

were appointed a Committee for the said purpose The Town 
hereafter to take into Consideration what recompence shall be 
made them for the service they may perform 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to write to the Selectmen 
of the several Towns within this Province informing them of the 
aforegoing Vote, and to propose that a Convention be held, if 



264 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

they shall think proper at Faneuil Hall, in this Town, on Tuesday 
the 22 d . Day of September Instant, at 10. O'Clock Before Noon. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, the following Vote was 
passed by a very great Majority Viz'. 

Whereas, by an Act of Parliament of the First of King William 
and Queen Mary it is declared that the Subjects being Protestants, 
may have Arms for their Defence ; It is the Opinion of this Town, 
that the said Declaration is founded in Nature Reason and sound 
Policy, and is well adapted for the necessary defence of the Com- 
munity 

And for as much as by a good and wholesome Law of this 
Province, every listed Soldier, and other Householder (except 
[113.] Troopers who by Law are to be otherwise provided) shall 
be always provided with a well fixed Fire Lock Musket Accoutre- 
ment and Ammunition as in said Law particularly mentioned, to 
the satisfaction of the Commission Officers of the Company ; and 
as there is at this Time a prevailing apprehension, in the Minds of 
many, of an approaching War with France : In order that the 
Inhabitants of this Town may be prepared in case of sudden 
danger; Voted, that those of the said Inhabitants who may at 
present be unprovided, be and hereby are requested duly to 
observe the said Law at this Time 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. communicated to the Town 
a Letter lately received from a Committee of Merchants in the City 
of New York, acquainting him with their Agreement relative to a 
Non Importation of British Goods Whereupon the Town by a 
Vote expressed their high satisfaction therein 

The Town taking into serious consideration the present Aspect 
of their publick Affairs, and being of Opinion that it greatly be- 
hooves a People professing godliness to Address the Supreme 
Ruler of the World, on all important Occasions, for that Wisdom 
which is profitable to direct 

Voted, unanimously, That the Selectmen be a Committee to 
wait upon the several Ministers of the Gospel within this Town, 
desiring that the next Tuesday may be set apart as a Day of 
Fasting and Prayer 

Ordered, that the Votes & proceedings of the Town in their 
present Meeting, be published in the several News Papers ; and 
also that a Number of Copys be struck off & sent to the several 
Towns in this Province p Expresses 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to the Hon ble . 
James Otis Esq. the Moderator. 

Then the Meeting was dessolved. 



[114.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fryday the 27 Day of 
January 1769 

Warrant for calling the Meeting ------ read. 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 265 

Bills of Credit of the Connecticut, New Hampshire & Rhode 
Island Governments. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. "To make choice of a 
Collector of Taxes in the room of M r . P^dward Hollyday, he not 
having given Bond with sufficient Sureties, to the satisfaction of 
the Selectmen for the faithful discharge of his Duty in said Trust 
agreable to the Vote of the Town " was read and after much 
debate, it appeared that a new Collector, could not then be prop- 
erly chose ; M r . Hollyday having accepted, and been sworn to the 
faithful discharge of his trust as a Collector of Taxes, and at this 
Meeting offering sufficient Sureties which he was not able to do 
before whereupon 

Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and 
hereby are given to the Gentlemen the Selectmen for their faith- 
fulness and attention to the Interest of the Town in requiring 
sufficient Sureties from M r . Hollydny for the faithful discharge of 
the Duty of a Collector as enjoin'd upon them in the Vote of the 
Town the fourteenth of March last 

Whereas, M r . Edward Hollyday has informed the [115.] Town, 
that since the calling of the Meeting, he has been able to procure 
Sureties for the faithful discharge of the Duty of a Collector of 
Taxes, which he believes will be to the satisfaction of the Select- 
men therefore 

Voted, that this Matter be referred to the Selectmen to act 
thereon as they shall Judge agreable to the Vote of the Town 
respecting Collectors 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to the Honourable James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting, 
for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 13 th . Day of 
March Anno Domini 1769 

Warrant for calling the Meeting ------ read. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Bowen 

Sundry Laws enjoin'd to be read at this Meeting were accord- 
ingly read 

[116.] The Hon ble . James Otis P"sq. was chosen Moderator 
of this Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his paying and re- 
ceiving Bills of Credit of the Governments of Connecticut New 
Hampshire and Rhode Island as required by an Act of this Prov- 
ince. 

William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing 
and having taken the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the Connecticut and other Governments, took 
the Oath of Office for the faithful discharge of his Duty, which 
Oaths were admiuistred to him by M r . Justice Dana. 



266 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted it appeared that 
Joshua Henshaw Esq. 
Joseph Jackson Esq. 
John Ruddock Esq. 
John Hancock Esq. 
Samuel Pemberton Esq. 
M r . Henderson Inches 
M r . Jonathan Mason 

were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Overseers of the 
Poor, and upon sorting them it appeared that 
John Barrett Esq. 
The Hon ble . Royal Tyler Esq. 
M r . Benjamin Dolbear 
M r . William Whitwell 
M r . William Greanleaff 
William White Esq. 
M r . Joseph Waldo 
John Leaveret Esq. 
John Gore Esq. 

[117.] Cap 4 . Samuel Partridge 
Thomas Tyler Esq. 

Cap*. Thomas Bradford - - excused, see 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Wardens and upon 

sorting them it appeared that 

Mess". Daniel Marsh ..... excused 
Joseph Belknap - - d. 

Thomas Hand : Peck - d. 

John Ballard d. 

William Mackay - - - - Sworn 

Samuel May - - - d. 

William Powell d. 

Joseph Turell d. 

Thomas Walley d. 

Jonathan Snelling - - excused 

Benjamin Gooding - - Sworn 

Henry Hill - d. 

were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for Sixteen Fire-Wards and 

upon sorting them it appeared that 

John Scollay Esq. 
Newman Grenough Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
M r . William Cooper 
M r . John Mico Wendell 
Thomas Marshall Esq. 
William Homes Esq. 
M r . Joseph Tyler 
Cap*. Adino Paddock 
M r . James Richardson 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1769. 267 

[118.] Cap'. Benjamin Waldo 
John Hancock Esq. 
M r . Samuel Arlams 
Thomas Daws Esq. 
M r . Alexander Hill 

were chose Fire- Wards for the Yeai ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Town Treasurer and 
upon sorting them it appeared that M r . David Jeffries was chosen 
& having taken the Oath respecting his paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the other Governments took the Oath of Office 
for tlie faithful discharge of his Duty, which Oaths were Admin- 

istred to him by M r . Justice 

Votes for a County Treasurer brought in and sealed up in Town 
Meeting, and delivered to the care of Constable Lindsey George 

Wallace to be returned to the Court of Session 

Upon a Motiou made aud seconded the Question was put 
Whether Constables aud Collectors of Taxes shall be chose sep- 

perate Passed iu the Affermative 

Voted, that the Sum of Five Pounds be Remitted out of the 
Ten Pound Fine to such Persons as shall be chose into the Office 
of Constable for the Year ensuing, and shall decline serving. 

The Town brought in their VotfS for Twelve Constables the 
Persons chose into that Office and sworn are 
Mess". Augustus Hail 
Francis Salmon 
John Wells 
Peter Barbour 
Lyd : George Wallace 
Josiah Fessenden 
[119.] Stephen Symms 
Hezekiah Usher 
Benjamin Adams 
John Arnold 
George Thomas 
John Peirce 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Clerks of the 
Market and upon sorting them it appeared that 
Mess. Fitch Pool 

Samuel Barrett excused 

John Singleton Copley 

Francis Green 

George Spooner 

Benjamin Andrews 

Elisha Hutchinson d*. 

John Bernard 

Joseph Barrell 

Samuel Allen Otis 

Jonathan Clark d. 

Bossinger Foster 

were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing see 

Voted, that the Sum of Twelve Pence on the Pound be and 
hereby is allowed to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of 



268 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Taxes for the Year ensuing for all such Sums :is they shall 
Collect ; provided they pay into the several Treasuries the whole 
Sum committed to them to Collect on or before tho 10 th . Day of 
August 1770. Eight Pence on the Pound on all such other Sums, 
as they shall have so paid into said Treasurers on or before the 
20 th . Day of December 1770 and Four Pence on the Pound upon 
the remainder of the Sums they shall be obliged to Collect pro- 
vided such remainder of the Sums they shall be obliged to Collect 
provided such remainder shall be fully paid in on or before the 
Second Monday in March 1771. This Premium as above [12O.] 
Expressed appears to be Just and equitable, and an ample allow- 
ance to the Collectors to encourage them to discharge their Duty 
with diligence and fidelity ; provided also that each of said Col- 
lectors give Bond with sufficient Sureties, to the Selectmen, as 
shall be satisfactory for the faithful discharge of their Duty in 

said Office, and complying with this Vote 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Four Collectors of 
Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeared, that 
Mess. Sampson Salter 
Edward II oily day 
Samuel Ruggles 
Abraham Savage 

were chose Collectors of Taxes for the ensuing Year 

The Town by a Vote Assigned. 4 O'Clock P: M: for the Con- 
sideration of M r . Samuel Adams's Petition 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven Assessors, 
and upon sorting them it appeared that 
M r . William Fairfield 
M r . John Kneeland 
M r . Benjamin Church 
Belcher Noyes Esq. 
M r . Daniel Pecker 
M r . Jonathan Brown 
Moses Deshon Esq. 

were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing 

M r . John Gray 
was chosen Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensuing. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that [121.] The 
Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to John Rowe Esq. 

for his Services as a Selectman in Years past 

Mess. William Nichols 
Andrew Symms 
Clement Collins 
Henry Allin 
Isaac Vergoose 
John Grenough 
Jacob Thayer 
Joseph Edmunds 
John Skillins 
John Sergeant 
Richard Walker 
John Champny 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 269 

Samuel Turner 

John Bullfinch 

Abraham Howard 

Joseph Butler 

wore chose Surveyors of Boards and Shingles for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Samuel Dyer 

John Dyer 

Obediah Low 

John Joy 

William Crafts 

were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". Nathaniel Gardner 

Samuel Whitwell 
were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing 

M r . Joseph Eyres 

was chosen a Surveyor of Boards for the Year ensuing - 
Mess. Samuel Bangs 

Benjamin Cooper 

David Loring 

Cornelius Thayer 

Thomas Noland 

were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Peter Cotta 

Manesseh Masters 

Joseph Dyer 

John Harsldns 

David Spear 

Jonathan Jenkins 

Robert Breck Jun r . 

Job Wheelwright 

Joshua Pico 

Benjamin Salt 

Paul Baxter 

John Owen 

Thomas Knox 

Samuel White 

Edward Cowell 

Edward Potter 

Peter Ellis 

Timothy Pease 

Nathaniel Waterman 

Jacob Williams 

Samuel Bernard 

John Nowell 

Joseph Phillips 

Henry Lucas 

were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing. 
[123.] Mess. David Simms 

Thomas Curtis 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing 

M r . Edward Curtis 
was chose Hayward for the Year ensuing ---... 



270 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded it was Voted, that one 
Scavinger be chosen out of every Ward. 

Mess. Nathaniel Barker - "Ward N. 1. 

After Stoddard - 2 

Benjamin Page - - 3 

Joseph Hart 4 

Nicholas Gray - 5 

Stephen Bruce - - G 

Benjamin Goldthwait - 7 

Timothy White - 8 

Nathaniel Hurd - 9 

Oliver "Wiswell - 1 

John Martin - 11 

Thomas Chase - - - - - 12 

were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that M r . John Pitts 

Nicholas Boylston Esq. 
M r . Thomas Gray 
Isaac Smyth Esq. 
M r . Samuel Allin Otis 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Ac- 
compts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accounts of the 
Overseers of the Poor ; and the said Committee are enjoined to 
inspect every particular Account of the Moneys Expended for the 
use of the Almshouse ; they are also impowered when they shall 
Audit said Accompts to allow such of the Overseers [124.] As 
shall advance Moneys for the Relief of the Poor ; Interest on all 
such Sums from the Time so advanced, till they shall have Audited 

said Accompts 

The Selectmen 

were chose Surveyors of the High Ways for the Year ensuing 

Coll . Joseph Jackson 
Nicholas Boylston Esq. 
William Homes Esq. 

were chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, and they are 
desired and impowered to give all needful directions to the Keeper 
of the Granary respecting the Quantity of Grain to be sold, and 
affixing the price thereof from Time to Time as Occasion shall re- 
quire 

John Tuder Esq. 
M r . John Lucas 

were chose Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing 

Cap*. Martin Gay 
M r . John Skinner 

were chose Assay-Masters for the Year ensuing 

Adjourned to' 3. O'Clock P:M: 



3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 



Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are impowered and di- 
rected, to set for Abatement of such Taxes as they shall Judge 
reasonable on every Thursday till the Second Thursday in April 
inclusive, and no longer, saving that they be allowed to set the two 
last Weeks in November [135.] For the Abatements of the Taxes 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1769. 271 

of such Persons as had not an Opportunity of applying on the 
above limitted Time, by reason of their being out of the Province ; 
at which Time they are also allowed and impowered to Abate the 
Taxes of such Persons as may have died Insolvent between the 
said last Thursday in April, and the last Day of November 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to inforce the Duty of 
Scavingers, upon such as have been chose ; and if they should find 
any defects in the Laws relating to those Officers, that they Re- 
port the same to the Town that they may act thereon as they 
may Judge convenient 

The Petition of Mess. Samuel Holbrook and Joseph "Ward and 
James Carter each playing to be appointed Master of the South 
Writing School in the room of the late M r . Abiah Holbrook 
deceased were read whereupon 

Voted, that the choice of a School master for the South Writing 
School be referred over to the Gentlemen the Selectmen, to act 
thereon as they may Judge for the Interest of the Town 

Voted, that the consideration of School Masters Salarys and 
all other Salarys and Grants be referred over to next May Meet- 
ing 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that the Town Treas- 
urer be and he hereby is impowered and directed to borrow upon 
Interest the Sum of Four hundred Pounds, for the use of the 
Overseers of the Poor, to purchase Grain & c . for the Alms-house. 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants " that another Writing 
School House may be Erected in some convenient place at the 
South End at the Charge of the Town, and a Master appointed 
for the same " was read. whereupon Voted, that the Con- 
sideration be referred over to next March Meeting ; & the Select- 
men are desired to insert the Prayer thereof in [126.] The Noti- 
fication for said Meeting 

The Selectmen Reported on the Accompt of M r . Benjamin 
Fenno Keeper of the Granary for the Year past which Accompts 
as entred in his Books (and on file in the Town Clerks Office) was 
read whereupon it was Voted, that the same be accepted ; and 
that M r . Fenno be accountable to the Town for 105 Bushels of 
Rye & 82 Bushels of Indian Com amounting to 27,, 3,, 3. and 
also for the Sum of 225,, 14/-J Cash now in his hands exclusive 
of the Sum of 32 ,, 13 ,, 4 for his Salary and attendance as charged 
in his Account which is hereby allowed him 

The Petition of M r . Samuel Adams a late Collector of Tnxes 
setting forth " That he has exhibited a List of his outstanding 
Taxes to the Selectmen to be laid before the Town ; and also a 
state of his Accompts praying that upon his paying the Balance 
thereof, the Town would order him a final discharge ; and at the 
same Meeting made choice of a suitable Person to receive said 
List, and Collect the said Outstanding Taxes or otherwise to act 
upon his Petition as to the Town shall seem meet " was again read 
according to order, & after a full and long debate had thereon ; it 
was moved & the Question accordingly put That a Committee 
be appointed to take M r . Adams's Petition into Consideration, and 
Report as soon as mav be ; which passed in the Negative Also 



272 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

moved that the List of Outstanding Taxes exhibited by said M*. 
Adams to the Selectmen be read in this Meeting ; which Question 
being put Passed in the Negative Then a Motion was made and 
seconded, that the Prayer of the Petition be granted, and that a 
Person be now chosen to receive the said List, and Collect the 
Outstanding Taxes, and the Question being accordingly put 

Passed in the Affermative by a very great majority 

Tne Town then by a full Vote made choice of M r . Robert 
[127.] Peirpoint to receive the aforesaid List and Collect the 

Outstanding Taxes. 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to Petition the General Court at the next Session thereof 
praying for a conformation of the choice now made of M r . Robert 
Peirpoint, and that he may be impowered to Collect all such Taxes 
as have been at any time committed to the said M r . Samuel 
Adams to Collect and now remains Outstanding ; the said Peirpoiut 
to be accountable to the Town for such Sums as he shall Collect 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz 1 .) " To Consider what Meas- 
ures may be proper to be taken for the preservation of the Common 
and preventing any Incumbrances being laid thereon " was read 
whereupon Voted that the Selectmen be a Committee to take 
this matter into Consideration ; to enquire into the Title of the 
Lands, and make Report as soon as may be, what may be proper 

to be done thereon 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. "Whether the Town will 
take any steps in addition to what has been already done by the 
Selectmen for vindicating the Character of the Inhabitants, & 
obtaining the knowledge of such Representations as may have 
been made to their prejudice " was read whereupon the 
Selectmen being requested Reported to the Town, "That besides 
the several Addresses to his Excellency the Governor, which had 
been published in all the News Papers, they had wrote Letters to 
diverse Gentlemen of Character in London of the same import, 
praying their kind interposition in favor of the Town as occasion 
might require. It was then desired that a Copy of one of the 
Letters aforesaid be read to the Town, and the Letter sent to 

Dennis Deberdts Esq. was read accordingly 

A Motion was then made that the Thanks of the Town be 
given to the Selectmen for the care they have taken for the 
support and [128.] Vindication of its Interest and Character, 
and in making a true & faithful Representation of the Conduct 
and state of the Town to Dennis Dcberdt Esq. and other Gentle- 
men in London, and the Question being put Passed unanimously 

in the Affermative 

It was then Voted, that 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. Moderator 

M r . Samuel Adams 

The Hon ble . Thomas Cushing Esq. 

Richard Dana Esq. 

D r . Joseph Warren 

John Adams Esq. 

Samuel Quincy Esq. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 273 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to consider what may 
be still necessary to be done for vindication of the Town, in addi- 
tion to the Measures already taken by the Selectmen, and to 

Report as soon as may be 

That Article in the Warrant Viz*. "To consider whether the 
Town will come into any Measures for supporting M r . Peirpoint 
in his prosecuting those Persons who have lately trespassed upon 
the Lands which have been Rented to him by the Town for many 
Years past ; and also for preventing like Trespasses upon other of 
the Towns Lands," was read whereupon Voted, that 

John Ruddock Esq. 

John Hancork Esq. 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

Samuel Pemberton Esq. 

M r . Jonathan Mason 
be a Committee to take this matter into Consideration and Report 

at the Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. "To Consider Whether 
[129.] A Committee shall be appointed to revise the By-Laws of 
the Town " was read whereupon Voted, that 

Richard Dana Esq. 

John Adams Esq. 

Josiah Quincy Esq. 

be a Committee to revise said Laws and Report as soon as may be 
That Article in the Warrant (Viz f .) To Consider whether the 
Town will Lease the Land upon which the Gun House has been 
Erected, for a certain number of Years, to the Officers of the Train 
of Artillery, belonging to the Regiment of the Town of Boston " 
was read whereupon the Question was put Whether the 

Town will Lease the Lands Passed in the Negative 

That Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . "To Consider what steps 
can be taken to give a check to the progress of Vice and Immo- 
ralities in this Town, and to promote a Reformation of Manners " 
was read whereupon 

Voted, that John Ruddock Esq. 

M r . Moses Gill 

M*. David Jeffries 

William Phillips Esq. 

Ebenezer Storer. 
be a Committee to take this Matter into Consideration and Report 

at the Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. "To Consider of some 
Suitable Methods employing the Poor of the Town, whose Num- 
bers and distresses are dayly increasing by the loss of its Trade & 
Commerce " was read whereupon Voted, that 

M r . William Mullineux 

M r . Jonathan Mason 

John Barrett Esq. 
[13O.] Thomas Gushing Esq. 

M r . William Cooper 

M r . William Whitwell 

M r . Thomas Brattle 



274 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

be a Committee to take this Matter into Consideration and Report 
at the Adjournment 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that the Town 
Treasurer be and hereby is hnpowered to give his Negotiable 
Notes on Interest to the Administrators or Executors of the 
deceased School Masters, for the Balances respectively due to the 
said deceased Masters 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesday the 4 Day 
of April next, 3 O'Clock P : M : 

Tuesday the 4 : Day of April 3 O'Clock P : M : Met according 
to Adjournment 

The Committee to Consider what may be still neces&ary to be 
done in vindication of the Town, in addition to the Measures 
already taken by the Selectmen Reported the Draft of a Peti- 
tion and Address to his Majesty which being distinctly read & 
duly Considered 

Voted, unanimously that the same be accepted, and that a fair 
Draft thereof signed by the Moderator of this Meeting be trans- 
mitted to the Hon ble . Isaac Barree Esq. with the desire of the 
Town that he would be pleased to present the same as soon as it 
shall reach his Hands 

The Committee Appointed to Consider the steps proper to be 
taken to check the progress of Vice and Immoralities, and [131.] 
Promote a Reformation of Manners Report That it appears 
to the Committee that for some Time past Vice and Immoralities 
have been very prevalent in this Town, and seem to be greatly in- 
creasing more especially Idleness, Drunkenness^profane Cursing & 
Swearing, Sabbath breaking &. to the great Grief of the more 
sober part of the Inhabitants "While the Committee. observe with 
Concern the prevalence of these Vices, they at the same Time 
reflect with pleasure on the good and wholesome Laws of the 
Province against these & other Immoralities. 

The Committee are therefore humbly of Opinion that in order to 
prevent the growth of Vice, it be earnestly recommended to the 
Inhabitants of the Town in general, to keep their Children Ser- 
vants and young Persons under their care under proper restraint ; 
and to the Majestrates and Officers of the Town in particular to 
exert their utmost endeavors to put the Laws of the Province 
against these and other Disorders in execution 

The Committee are further of Opinion that to prevent the in- 
crease of Idleness, which is the Parent of all Vices some effectual 
method to employ the many poor who are now Objects of Charity, 
would be the most likely means to prevent the further spread of 
Vice and Immorality, and promote the Reformation of Manners 
so Justly desired 

JOHN RUDDOCK p Order. 

The above Report having been read and Considered the 
Question was put Whether the same shall be accepted Passed 
in the Affermative 

The Committee relative to the Tresspasses upon the Towns 
Laud asked leave to Report thereon at the Town Meeting in May 
next which was accordingly granted them 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 275 

The Committee appointed to Consider of some suitable Methods 
for employing the Poor of the Town whose Numbers and distresses 
are dayly encreasing by the loss of its Trade & Commerce Report 
That they have conversed with some of the Overseers of [132.] 
The Poor, and Qnd by their Accounts that there are almost 230 
Persons in the Almshouse, and about 40 in the Work-house who 
are proper Subjects of the Almshouse, that the Overseers in the 
Year 1767. paid away to People out of that House towards their 
support and Relief not less than Six hundred pounds, and the last 
Year not less than 620 ,, and that they apprehend from the 
great decay of Trade, and the consequent want of employ that the 
Expetices of the present Year for the relief of the People out of 
the House, will be much larger, and must of necessity annually 
increase ; That the only way to lesson this Expence or prevent its 
increase is to pitch upon some way of employing those who occa- 
sion it. And your Committee find that since the Town have had 
in contemplation some method for this purpose ; that there above 
two hundred of the Poor of the Town who are now ready, and are 
desirous of being employed in Spinning and Carding and that their 
Numbers are dayly increasing. 

Your Committee are therefore of Opinion, that it would answer 
a very valuable purpose if a number of Schools were set up at 
different parts of the Town and a suitable number of School 
Mistresses were procured and employed to learn such Children to 
Spin (free of Charge) as the Overseers shall from time to time 
Certiiie are proper Objects of such Charity. That for this purpose 
a number of suitable J\ooms be hired and School Mistresses pro- 
cured, and a number of Spinning Wheels, and a quantity of Wool 
purchased for the immediate employment of such Children, which 
Wool when once converted into Yarn might be readily disposed of 
to. several Persons lately arrived from abroad, and who have been 
brought up and are Master Workmen in the Manufacturing of 
Shalloons Du rants, Carnblitts Callamancos Duroys and Legathies 
and in general Mens Summer Ware, and who we understand are 
determined to carry on said Business as soon as they can be fur- 
nished with a sufficient number of Spinners to keep their Looms 
employed 

Your Committee are fully convinced that the execution of the 
Plan aforementioned would be of unspeakable Advantage to the 
[133.] Town, as it would in a few Years save a considerable part 
of the Expence that arises from the Relief afforded to People out 
of the House ; it would annually lesson the number of those who 
are esteemed proper Subjects of the Almshouse; It would keep 
great numbers out of Idleness which as its the Parent of Vice so 
it promotes intemperance and all the Deceases that are naturally 
produced by such a course of Life ; and moreover it will at the 
same Time have a happy tendency to habituate tha People to In- 
dustry, & preserve their Morals who instead of their continuing a 
burden to Society will become some of its most useful Members 
The Committee at the same time are not insensible that the carrying 
it into execution \\iil be attended with a great Expence, and have 
been apprehensive that it would be difficult to prevail with any 



276 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

number of Gentlemen to execute a trust that would be attended 
with much trouble, yet they have reason to think that in case the 
Town would Order and Impower the Treasurer to borrow & fur- 
nish the Overseers with the small Sum of Five hundred Poudds, 
they to be impowered to improve it for the relief of the Poor out 
of the House, by employing them in the Method aforesaid, a re- 
sponsible Gentleman might be prevailed upon, the Overseers 
granting him Two hundred Pounds and lending him the remaining 
Three hundred Pounds (for which he wonld give his Bond payable 
in two Years) would on consideration of said Grant and Loan 
enter into an Obligation at his own charge to hire a suitable num- 
ber of Rooms for Schools, and hire a number of School Mistresses 
to teach as many Persons to spin as are desirous to learn, and 
would at his own cost engage to furnish them with spinning 
Wheels, and with a sufficient quantity of Wool to keep them em- 
ployed till they were thoroughly acquainted with the Business, and 
would further engage after they were commenced good Spinners 
to keep them employed at said Business for the space of two Years 
provided they will work upon reasonable terms, by which Time it 
is highly probable the Business will.be so well established as to 
find them full Employ Your Committee are also of Opinion that 
the Gentlemen we hope may be prevailed upon to carry the impor- 
tant employment of the Poor of the Town into Execution has in 
view the public good, and upon mature deliberation we apprehend 
that there is not any probability of his advantaging [134.] Him- 
self thereby, but on the contrary the Town will Annually save a 
Sum much larger than the Two Hundred Pounds, to be granted 
him for undertaking this Business All which is humbly sub- 
mitted 

The above Report read aud accepted, & Voted, That for pre- 
venting the increase of the Enormous Charge and Expence of 
supporting the Poor of the Town, and for the lessening the same 
if possible The Town Treasurer for the Towu being be and he 
hereby is directed and impowered to borrow in behalf of the Town 
the Sum of Five hundred Pounds of lawful Money, and put it into 
the hands of the Overseers of the Poor who are hereby impowered 
to improve it for the relief of the Poor of this Town in the follow- 
ing manner that is to say, to em ply them in Carding and Spinning 
of Wool according to the spirit & intention of the Report afore- 
said, and that Two hundred Pounds of the said Five hundred 
Pounds be given to M r . William Mullineux to enable him to 
purchase Spinning Wheels, Cards, and to procure convenient places 
and Appartments for carrying on the Spinning Business, and a 
sufficient number of Spinning Mistresses well skilled and experi- 
enced in the Art and Mistery of spinning Wool into good Yarn he 
the said William Mullineux giving Bond to the Town for his find- 
ing a sufficient number of good Spinning Wheels and Cards, and 
having a sufficient number of Rooms or Appartments for teaching 
Learners in the Business afores d . and a sufficient Number of 
Persons thoroughly skilled in the said Business to teach and in- 
struct such as are or shall be desirous to learn it, & for supplying 
them with sufficient Quantities of Wool fit for the purpose afore- 



TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 277 

said while learning, all at the proper Cost & Charge of the said 
William Mullineux. And that the remaining Sum of Three hundred 
Pounds be lent to him the said William Mullineux for the space 
of two Years to enable him to purchase a sufficient Quantity of 
Wool to keep said Spinners constantly emyloyed upon reasonable 
terms, he to give Bond to the Town that he will keep said Spin- 
ners employed and pay them for the work at a reasonable rate tor 
the term of two Years, and at the expiration of said term will pay 
the said [135.] Three hundred Pounds unto the Town Treasurer 

for the Time being for the use of the Town 

Mess. Samuel Calf 
John Gore 
George Green 
were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are directed and im- 
powered to take effectual care to see the Common is inclosed, and 
kept Inclosed and also to bring such Actions as they may think 
necessary to prevent or remove any Incumbrauces upon the Towns 
Land, and for obtaining damages for the same 

The Town brought in their Votes for One Overseer of the Poor 
in the room of Cap 1 . John Bradford who has resigned and upon 

sorting them it appeared that 

M r . Samuel Whitwell 
was chosen an Overseer for the Year ensuing 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, thafethe Thanks of 
the Town be and hereby are given to Cap*. John Bradford for his 
good services as an Overseer the Year past 

Voted, that all Matters and Things which shall remain unfinished 
at this Meeting be referred over to the General Town Meeting in 
May next to be then Considered of and acted upon 

The Town brought in their Votes for Five Wardens, and upon 
sorting them it appeared that 

Mess". John Joy 

Benjamin Harrod 
Thomas Hitchburne 

[136.] James Perkins 

Thomas Sherburne 
were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby 
are given to the llon ble . James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this 
Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fryday the 5 Day of May 
Anno Domini 1769 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Lothrop. 

The Precept & Warrant for calling the Meeting - - read 

Sundry Laws ----- read 



278 Cm DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Upon a Motion made and Seconded 

[137.] Voted, That this Town before they proceed upon the 
Business make and Order to be Kntred upon their Records, the fol- 
low declaration of their Right to the freedom of Election Viz 1 . 

The Selectmen having acquainted the Town that the}" had waited 
on General Mackay Commander of Majesty s Forces Quarter'd here 
to inform him that the choice of Persons to Represent the Town 
in the General Assembly was coming on, and to Claim in behalf 
of the Town the full Right of British Subjects & Freeholders upon 
so important an Occasion founded in the Principles of the Consti- 
tution The Selectmen having also acquainted the Town that the 
General had declared it was not in his power to march the Troops 
out of this Town upon this Occasion, or any further to comply 
with their Claim, than by confining them to their Barracks which 
he engaged. The Town tho they receive this answer as a Conces- 
sion of the Rectitude of the Claim, yet as the Measure of confining 
the Troops to their Barracks and not removing them out of Town 
is by no means adequate to the extent of their Constitutional 
Right, they cannot proceed to an Election without declaring their 
clear and full sense, that the Residences of Armed Forces in the 
Town, during an Electirn of so great Importance, is an high in- 
fringement of their Constitutional Rights ; PROTESTING that their 
proceeding to an Election under such a Circumstance is wholly 
from necessity and not to be considered as a Precedent in any 
Time hereafter, or construed as a voluntary receeding from the 
incontestable Rights of British Subjects and Freeholders on so 

interesting an Occasion 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. one of the Selectmen proposed in their 
Name to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the Choice of 
one or more Persons to Represent them in the Great and General 
Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday the 31 
Day of May Currant, and in order thereto to Consider and Ascer- 
tain the Number of Gentlemen to be Elected ; accordingly it was 
Voted, to proceed to the Choice of Four Representatives, and then 
it was declared by the Selectmen that no Votes will be received 
but such as are folded, and that they propo.se the Poll shall be 

closed at 12. O'Clock 

[138.] The Votes being brought in, the Number of the same 
were found to be Five hundred and eight and upon sorting them 
it appeared that the Four following Gentlemen were chose 

Viz*. 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. 502 

The Hon b!e . Thomas Cushing Esq. - 502 

M r . Samuel Adams - 503 

John Hancock Esq. - 505 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 

Selectmen, the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring 

in their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting in order that the 

Town may proceed in transacting the other Affairs mentioned in 

the Warrant ; accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew, and brought 

in their Votes & upon sorting them it appeared that the Hon ble . 

James Otis Esq. was chosen. 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1769. 279 

The Article in the Warrant (Viz 4 .) "Whether the Town will 
give Instructions to the Gentlemen that may be chosen to Repre- 
sent them in the next General Assembly " was read where- 
upon 

Voted, That the Town will give Instructions to their Repre- 
sentatives, and that 

Richard Dana Esq. 

John Adams Esq. 

John Ruddock Esq. 

D r . Benjamin Church 

D r . Joseph Warren 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

M r . William Mullineux 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to consider of & pre- 
pare proper Instructions, which Committee are desired to Report 

as soon as possible 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P : M : 

3 O'Clock. Met according tq. Adjournment 

[139.] The Committee Appointed the Fourth Day of May 
last relative to the Grist Mills at the North part of Boston Report 
" That your Committee have diligently Searched into the state of 
the Facts & Records relative to the Affair committed to them, and 
they find that on the fifth of July in the Year 1643. there was 
granted to one Henry Simons and others; all that Cove on the 
North side of the then Cause-way leading towards Charlestown 
with all the Salt Marsh bordering thereon (not before Granted) to 
enjoy the said Cove and Marsh to them their Heirs & Assigns 
forever, but for this intent and on this Condition Viz'. That 
within three Years they should make and Erect upon or near some 
part of the granted Premisses, one or more Corn Mills and main- 
tain the same forever. And for their encouragement Three hun- 
dred Acres of Land in Braintree was given to the said Simons 
and others, and if they should carry the Mill Stream through the 
Marsh on the North East end of Goodman Lows House they 
should have sixty feet in breadth throughout the Marsh to them 
and their Heirs forever. Your Committee also find that by the 
said Grant the Town made their reservation, that no other Com- 
mon Mill should be Erected without their Consent. Your Com- 
mittee further find that afterwards Viz*. on the 27, Day of 
November following, was solemnly Agreed by and between the 
Town and the Grantees ; that if the Grantees failed of perform- 
ing the Conditions of their Grant, they should suffer the loss of 
the Cove & Marsh and all other the granted Lauds : That the 
Grant aforesaid should be void : and the Cove Marsh & Lands 
aforesaid should revert to the Town ; as if no such Grant had 
ever been made. Moreover by the last mentioned Agreement, 
thirty three feet of Laud in breadth through the Marsh was given 
to the Grantees in addition to the former sixty feet, if they should 
set the Mill or Mills between John Gallops Point & Edward Ben- 
dais Cove. And that the Town may more perfectly see and under- 
stand the matter here follows an exact Copy of the Grants & 
Agreements aforesaid (Viz*.) " The 31 bt . of 5 th . M. 1643. at a 



280 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

"Meeting this Day of John Winth;op Esq. Governor, William 
" Tyng Treasurer Cap*. Gibbins, Valentine Hall, John Oliver, There 
"is Granted unto Henry Simons, George Burden, John Button, John 
"Hill & other Partners, all that [14O.] Cove already hounded) 
"on the North side of the Causeway leading towards ( harlestown, 
" with all the Salt Marsh bordering thereupon round about, not 
" formerly Granted to any other, (Reserving liberty from time to 
" time to make use of any part thereof for repairing the said Causey) 
" to have and enjoy the said Cove and Marsh to them and their 
" Heirs and Assigns forever 

" Secondly the said Grant is for this intent and upon this Coudi- 
" tion, that the said Grantees their Heirs and Assigns shall within 
" the space of three Years now next following Erect & make 
" upon or near some part of the Premisses One or more Corn 
" Mills & maintain the same forever 

" Thirdly that the said Grantees shall make & maintain for- 
" ever, a Gate of ten feet in breadth, to open with the Flood for 
" passage of Boats into the said Cove, at such Time as they may 
" arrive at, their ordinary landing Places 

" Fourthly, the Town doth Grant unto them their Heirs & As- 
" signs, Three hundred Acres of Land at Braintree for the use and 
" encouragement of the said Mill or Mills 

" Fifthly, that if they shall carry their Mill Stream thro 4 , the 
" Marsh on the North east end of Goodman Lows House, they have 
" sixty feet in breadth throughout the said Marsh Granted unto 
" them their Heirs and Assigns forever 

" Sixthly, they shall have liberty to dig one or more trenches in 
" the High Way, or Waste Grounds so as they make and maintain 
" sufficient passable & safe Wa3 - s over the same for Horse & 
"Cart 

" Seventhly, the Town will not allow any other Common Mill to 
" be Erected, except the necessary Occasions of the Town should 
" require it 

" Eighthly, the said Select Townsmen and their Successors shall 
" procure what free help they can (by perswasio'n) upon any press- 
" ing Occasion of use of many hands about making the Banks or 
" Trenches &c. for the better furtherance of the work to be 
" speedily effected 

[141.] " The 27 th - of 9 th . M. 1643 John Button and John 
" Hill have now resigned all Claim of Interest in the Business of 
" the Corn Mills Agreed the 31 st . of 5 th . 1643 

" At a Meeting of the Selectmen on the 27 th . of 9 th . M. 1643. 
" The intent of the Agreement between the Town and the Gran- 
" tees of the Cove &c. for the Miln is as follows 

" 1 st . That the Grantees shall not be bound to reserve any 
" Marsh if they have occasion to cut it up, but in that case the 
" Towns liberty for repairing the Cause-way shall reach to such 
" Land as shall be left, be it up or neither spilt 

" 2 d . The said Grantes shall not be bound either to the making 
"or maintaining, of any such Miln or Milns upon any other penalty 
" than the loss of the said Cove & Marsh & other Lands Granted 
" return to the Town again, as if it had not been Granted 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 281 

" And for further explanation it is now Agreed nnd declared 
" between the Town and the Grantees that it' the said Grantees 
" shall not go forward, nor perfect the said work as it is intended, 
" or having perfected the same in any measure, shall see good at 
" any time to give over and not continue to uphold and maintain the 
" same, it shall be no breach of Covenant on their part only the 
" Grant to be void (& so forth) as before 

" And whatsoever Timber or othor Materials they shall be at 
" Cost to Erect, or bring upon the Land Granted, it shall be law- 
" ful for them to sell off, unto any other Person within the space 
" of one Year, after they shall have left off to proceed in the said 
" work or to uphold & maintain the same being made and finished, 
" provided that if the Town will give them for such Timber Work 
" or other Materials so much as another, they sh:dl have the same, 
" and one Months lime for refusal. 

" Moreover there is thirty-throe feet in breadth added to the 
" former Grant near Goodmaji Lows House and both upon Condi- 
" tion the Miln or Milns may be set between John Gallops Point 
" and Edward Bendalls Cove What is contained in this and 
' the two foregoing Pages are true Copys as entred with the 
"Records of the Town of Boston [142.] Examined by Joseph 
" Prout Town Clerk" The Committee further find that the 
Grantees soon after the Grant was made Erected the Mills by the 
Mill Bridge between Gallops Point and Bendalls Cove, and main- 
tained the same for many Years ; whereby they book to themselves 
their Heirs & Assigns not only the Cove and the Marsh, but the 
thirty-three and sixty feet, on each side the Mill Creek, and the 
three hundred Acres of Land in Braintree notwithstanding the 
Grant was to be utterly void, upon their failing to maintain and 
keep up those Mills, which they luid Erected as aforesaid and all 
was to revert to the Town. Therefore it appears clearly to the 
Committee (in as much as those Mills for many Years last past 
have been useless wholly unimproved, & for several Yenrs past 
have been and now remain intirely demolished) that the Grantees 
have absolutely forfeited their Estate which they had by virtue of 
the Grant aforesaid ; and the same Estate is reverted to the 
Town 

The Committee are further of Opinion that it would not only be 
legal but Just and equitable as well as expedient if not necessary 
for the Town (so far at least as concerns the place where the 
Mills stood by the Mill Bridge with the Mill Creek) to take the 
forfeiture aforesaid, and take immediately the possession of the 
same, and as soon as may be Erect a Mill or Mills in or near 
the place where the old Mills stood, for the following Keasons 
which to the Committee appear important Viz'. 

1 st . It is much better to be on the defensive than on the offen- 
sive side to be in possession than out of it. 

2 d . Taking the Possession of a part only, when the whole is for- 
feited proves the clemency & moderation of the Town ; and may 
answer future jrood purposes 

3 d . As the Proprietors (so called) have not only neglected to 
Erect new Mills, when the old ones were rotted down, but they 



282 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

keep even the North Mills in such a wretched Condition ; that 
People in Town cannot have their Grain ground, and it may be 
Nine [143.] Tenths of the Grain landed in Boston is carried to 
Chelsea Roxbury Dorchester Maiden and Charlestown to the un- 
speakable damage of the Town of Boston 

4 th . Were good Mills Erected at the Mill bridge and Wheat man- 
ufactored into Flour, both for our home supply & shipping off, our 
Bread and Flour would be much better than what we now have and 
consequently it would be cheaper, for the portage out of Town and 
in again costs considerable and must make our Bread & Flour 
dearer, and then our own Townsmen would be im ployed in the 
stead of Strangers and the Inhabitants in general (especially the 
poorer sort) would be greatly relieved by having the Grist Mills in 
the middle part of the Town, but this design of our forefathers in 
the very generous Grant they made to the original Undertakers for 
many Years past, has been intirely defeated by the present Occu- 
piers and will continue to be so unless the Town take said Mills 
into its own hands again, which the Committee are of Opinion the 

Town have an undoubted right to do 

5 th . The Proprietors (so called) are a few of them poor & 
needy, and disconcerted amongst themselves and it seems the 
Interest of some of them to carry Wheat out of Town, so that it is in 
vain to expect any relief from them, but things will certainly grow 
worse & worse with them as they have for many Years past ; 
whereby the Town has already suffered the loss of Thousands 
which may not only be prevented for the future, but it will soon be 
an Estate of considerable early value and income to the Town if 
proper steps are taken for that purpose 

The above Report having been duly considered by the Town 
Voted that James Otis Esq. Moderator 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 

John Ruddock Esq. 

John Hancock Esq. 

Samuel Pemberton Esq. 

M r . Henderson Inches 

M r . Jonathan Mason 
[144.] Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

M r . Edward Payne 

Benjamin Kent. Esq. 

John Barret Esq 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee who are desired & im- 
powered to take possession in behalf of the Town of such part of 
the Premisses as is specified and recommended to be done in said 

Report 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that the Town Treas- 
urer be and he hereby is directed and impowered to give his Negotia- 
ble Notes upon Interest to each of the Overseers of the Poor as are in 
advance for the relief of the Town, for such Sums as appear to be 
due them respectively upon the Audit of their Accounts in March 
last 

The Petition of M r . Samuel Hunt Master of the North Lattio 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 283 

School " that some addition may be made to his present Salary." 
read and considered whereupon moved that the Sum of Twenty 
Pounds be added to his Salary; and the Question being accordingly 
put Passed in the Negative 

M r . Bcjamin Dolbear one of the Overseers of the Poor having 
acquainted the Town that the Roof of the Almshouse was old and 
defective, and the expence of Repairs like to be considerable ; it 
would therefore be agreable to them to know the minds of the Inhab- 
itants, respecting its being either shingled or slated, whereupon it 
was Voted that it be left to the Overseers to cover the Roof as 
they shall Judge proper 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred & twenty Pounds be allowed 
& paid unto M r . John Lovel for his Salary as Master of the South 
Grammar School for the ensuing Year, the same to be [145.] 
Paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
Expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds bo allowed and paid 
unto M r . Samuel Hunt for his Salary as Master of the North Gram- 
mar School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him quar- 
terly as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of 
the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Ono hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . John Procter for his Salary as Master of the Writ- 
ing in Queen Street for the Year ensuing the same to be paid him 
quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration 
of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . Samuel Holbrook for his Salary as Master of the Writ- 
ing School in the Common for the ensuing Year the same to be paid 
him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the ex- 
piration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . John Tileston for his Salary as Master of the North 
Writing School the ensuing Year the same to be paid him quarterly 
as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the 
last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . James Lovel for his Salary as Usher of the South Grammar 
School for the Year ensuing the same to be paid him Quarterly as 
it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the last 
Quarter 

[146.] Voted, that a further Sum of Forty Pounds be allowed 
and paid unto M r . James Lovel as an encouragement for him to 
remain and exert himself in the Service of the Town the ensuing 
Year ; the same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, 
and to commence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of 50 be allowed and paid unto M r . James 
Carter for his Salary as Usher of the Writing School in Queen Street 
the Year ensuing, the same to be paid him quarterly as it shall be- 
come due, and to commence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that a further Sum of Twenty five Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . James Carter as' an encouragement to him for to 



284 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

exert himself in the service of the Town the Year ensuing, the same 
to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence 
at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed and paid to 
such Persons as the Selectmen shall appoint an Assistant for the 
Master of the Writing School in the Common the Year ensuing, the 
same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to com- 
mence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and paid 
out of the Town Treasury unto M r . David Jeffries for his Service 
as Treasurer of the Town the Year past, and for all his Expences 
in that Office 

Voted, that the Sum of Thirty four Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . Johu Tileston Master of the Writing School at the North 
End for providing an Assistant the Year ensuing [147.] The same 
to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence 
at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is directed and 
impowered to allow the several Schoolmasters Interest on the Sums 
due to them from the date of their Warrants to the Time of pay- 
ment 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday the 8. Day 
of May. 9. O'Clock A:M: 

May 8. 9 O'Clock A : M : Met according to Adjournmen*. 
To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Boston in Town 

Meeting Assembled May 5. 1769 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Annual Meet- 
ing the 4 th . of May last desiring the Selectmen to visit the several 
publick Schools in the Town and to invite such Gentlemen to 
accompany them therein as they should think proper & to Report 

thereon 

We the Subscribers accordingly attended that Service on 
Wednesday the 6 th . Day of July last accompanied by the following 
Gentlemen viz'. 
The Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq. 
Thomas Hubbard Esq. 
Harrison Gray Esq. 
John Erving Esq. 
Thomas Flucker Esq. 
James Pitts Esq. 
James Otis Esq. 

The Representatives of the Town 
[148.] The Overseers of the Poor 

The Rev d . Ebenezer Pemberton 
M r . Samuel Mather 
Mather Byles D: D: 
Andrew Eliot D : D : 
Samuel Cooper D : D 
M r . Samuel Blair 
M r . Penuil Bowen 
M r . Simeon Howard 
M r . John Lothrop 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 285 

M r . John Walley 

M r . Treasurer Jeffries 

Samuel Sewall Esq. 

M r . Timothy Newell 

William Phillips Esq. 

Benjamin Austin Esq. 

M r . William Coffin Jim*. 

M r . John Edwards 

M r . James Perkins 

M r Jonathan Simpson Esq. 

D r . Myles Whitworth 

D r . Joseph Warren 

Cap'. Nathaniel Greenwood 

M r . William Davis 

John Scollay Esq. 

Samuel Grant Esq. 

Coll . Thomas Marshall 

Maj r . James Cunningham 

William Homes Esq. 

Thomas Daw Esq. 

M r . John Mico Wendell 

Samuel Quincy Esx. 

And found the South Grammar School had 141 Scholars the North 
[149,] Grammar School 55 Scholars ; the South Writing School 
201 Scholars the North Writing School in Queen Street 260 

Scholars ; all in good Order 

Voted, that the above Report be accepted, and that the Gentle- 
men the Selectmen be desired to visit the publick Schools the Year 
ensuing, and invite such Gentlemen to accompany them as they 

may think proper 

The Committee appointed for that purpose Reported the follow- 
ing Draft of Instructions which was considered and Voted Para- 
graph by Paragraph after which being several Times distinctly 

read was accepted by the Town, Nomine-Coutradicente 

To the Ilon ble . James Otis & Thomas Cushing Esq. M r . Samuel 
Adams, & John Hancock. Esq. 
Gentlemen 

You have once more received the highest Testimony of the Con- 
fidence and Affection of your Constituents, which the Constitution 
has impowered them to exhibit ; The Trust of Representing them 
in the Great & General Court or Assembly of this Province. This 
important Trust is committed to you at a Time when your Country 
demands the exertion of all your Wisdom, Fortitude and Virtue ; 
and therefore it is presumed a free Communication of our Senti- 
ments cannot but be agreable to you 

The first Object of your attention is the Privilege of that As- 
sembly of which you are now chosen to be Members. The Debates 
there must be free : You will therefore exert yourselves to remove 
every thing that may carry the least appearance of an Attempt to 
awe or intimidate. As the Assembly is called to set in the u^ual 
place, common Decency, as well as the Honor and Dignity of a 
free Legislative, will require a removal of those Cannon and 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Guards, as well as that clamorous Parade which has been dayly 
round the Court House since the arrival [15O.] Of his Majestys 
Troops ; and at some times while the highest Courts of Judicature has 
been setting there on the tryal even of Capitol Causes When this 
Grievance shall be removed, and the Debates of the Assembly shall 
be free, it will be natural to enquire into all the Grievances we have 
suffered from the Millitary Power ; Why they have been quartered 
in the Body of this Town, in contradiction to the express words, and 
as we conceive the manifest intention of an Act of Parliment ; 
Why the Officers who have thus violated our Rights, have not been 
called to account, and dealt with as the Law required : Whether 
the Measure taken by the Governor of the Province in appointing 
an extraordinary Officer to provide Quarters for the Troops, was 
not an evasion of the Act of Parliament made for the Billeting 
and quartering his Majestys Troops in America (the professed rule 
of their Conduct) and design'd to Elude the Clause of said Act 
purposely providing for the convenience of American Subjects and 
their Security against an excess of Military power : Why the re- 
peated offences and Violences committed by the Soldiery, against 
the peace, and in open Defiance and Contempt of the Civil Majestrate 
and the Laws have excaped punishment in the Courts of Justice: 
And whether the Attorney General has not in some late Instances, 
unduly exercised a power of entring " Nolle pro^equi" upon In- 
dictments without the Concurrancc of the Court in obstruction to 
the course of Justice and to the great Encouragement of Violence 
and Oppression. 

And as the quartering of Troops here has proved the Occasion of 
many Evils, we do earnestly recommend to you to use your utmost 
endeavours for a speedy removal of them. 

Should the Expence that has been incurred in providing Barracks 
for the Troops, and supplying them with Necessaries, be required 
of the House of Representatives, we do in the most solemn and ex- 
press manner enjoin you, by no means to comply with such a Req- 
uisition. If the General Court is a free Assembly no Power upon 
Earth has Authority to compel it to pay this Money. Should it ever 
be deprived of its freedom, it shall never with our Consent be made 
[151.] An Engine to drain us of the little Money we have left. 
Another Object of great Importance, and which requires your ear- 
liest attention, is a late fragrant and formal Attack upon the Con- 
stitution itself : An Attempt not only to deprive us of the Liberteis 
Privileges & Immunities of our Charter, but the Rights of British 
Subjects. We have seen Copies of Letters published here authenti- 
cated by the Clerk of the Papers to the Hon ble : House of Commons, 
the Contents of which must have awakened the Jealously of the 
Country the Design of the Writer is sufficiently apparent: And 
considering his Station as Representative of the first Personage in 
the Empire, and the rank of the Minister to whom he Addressed 
himself, we cannot wonder that Credit has been given to his Letters 
in Great Britain and that they have already produced Effects 
alarming to the Colonies & dangerous to both Countrys. It is 
therefore requested that you use the whole Influence you may have 
that the injurious impressions which they have unhappily made, ma}' 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 287 

be removed and that an effectual Antidote may be Administred, 
before the Poison shall have wrought the Ruin of the Constitu- 
tion. 

It is unnecessary for us at this Time to repeat our well known 
Sentiments concerning the Revenue, which is continually levied upon 
us, to our great Distress, and for no other end than to support a 
great Number of very unnecessary Placemen and Pensioners. We 
have only to add that our Sentiments upontliis Subject are in no re- 
spect changed ; and we expect that you pursue with firm Resolution, 
and unremitted Ardor, every Measure that may tend to procure us 
Relief ; Never yeilding your Consent to, or Connivance at the least 
encroachment on our Rights. 

Next to the Revenue itself the late Extension of the Jurisdiction 
of the Admiralty, are our greatest Grievance, The American Courts 
of Admiralty seem to be forming by Degrees into a System that 
is to overturn our Constitution, and to deprive us intiroly of our 
best Inheritance, the Law of the Land. It would be thought in 
England a dangerous Innovation if the Tryal of any Matter upon 
Land, was given to the Admiral : It would be thought more 
tureatning still [152.] If the power of Confiscation, over Ships 
and Cargoes for Illicit Trade was committed to that Court But 
if the Forfeitures of Ships <fe Cargoes, large Penalties upon Masters, 
and such exhorbitent Penalties as the treble value of Cargoes, 
upon every Person concerned in landing unaccustomed Goods, were 
by Act of Parliament appointed to be tryed by the Admiral, the 
Nation would think their Liberties irrecoverably lost. 

This however is the miserable Case of North America. In the 
41. 8 of the Statute of the 4. of George III Chap r . 15. We find 
" that all the Forfeiture & Penalties inflected by this or any o'her Act 
" of Parliament, relating to the Trade and Recenues of the British 
" Colonies or Plantations in America, which shall be incurred there 
''may be presented, sued for and recovered in any Court of 
*' Admiralty in the said Colonies " That those extraordinary Pen- 
alties & Forfeitures are to be heard and tryed not by a Jury 
not by the Law of the Land but by the Civil Law and a single 
Judge ! Unlike the Antien'.e Burrons who answered with one voice 
" We will not that the Laws of England be changed which of old 
have been used and improved, " the Barrons of Modern Times 
seem to have answered, that they are willing those Laws should 
be changed with regard to America ; in the most tender point and 
fundamental Principle ! 

And this hardship is the most severe as we see in the same Page 
of the Statutes, and the Section immediately preceding " that all 
Penalties and Forfeitures which shall be incurred in Great Britain, 
shall be prosecuted Sued for and recovered, in any of his Majestys 
Courts of Record in Westminster, or in the Court of Exchequer in 
Scotland respectively. " Here is a Contrast that stares us in the 
Face ! A partial distinction that is made between the Subjects in 
Great Britain and the Subjects in America ! the Parliament in one 
Section guarding the People of the Realm and securing to them the 
benefit of a tryal by Jury and the Law of the Land, and by the next 
Session depriving Americans of those important Rights Is not 



288 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

this distinction a brand of disgrace upon every American a Deg- 
radation [153.] Below the Rank of an English Man ? Is it not 
with respect to us a Repeal of the 29 Chap r . of Magna Charta " No 
Freeman shall be taken and Imprisoned, or Deprived of his Freehold 
or Liberties, or free Customs, or Outlawed and exhi'ed, or any other- 
wise destroyed, nor will we pass upon him nor condemn him, but by 
lawfuljudgment of his Piers or the Law of the Land? " Englishmen 
are inviolably attached to the Important Right expressed in this 
Clause, which for many Centeeris has been the noblest Monuments 
and fermest Bulwark of their Liberties. One proof of his Attache- 
ment, given us by a great Sage of the Law, we think proper lo 
mention, not for your Information, but as the best expression 
of the sense of your Constituents. " Against this Ancient and 
Fundamental Law, and in the Face t hen of says Lord Coke I find 
on Act of Parliament made, that as well Justices of Assize, as Justice 
of Peace, without any finding or presentment of twelve Men, upon a 
bare Information for the King before them made, should hace full 
power and Authority by their discretions to hear and try Men for 
Penalties and Forfeitures." His Lordship after mentioning the Re- 
peal of this Statute, and the fate of Empson & Dudley, who received 
the full weight of the National Vengeance for acting under it, con- 
cludes witli a Reflection which if well Considered, might be sufficient 
to discourage such Attacks upon Fundamental Principles. " The ill 
Successoflhis Statute and the fearful endof those two Opressors, should 
deter others from committing the like, and should admonish Parlia- 
ments, that instead of this ordinary and precious Tryal by the Law 
of the Land, they bring not in absolute & partial Trials b>j dis- 
cretion. Such are the feelings and Reflections of an English Man, 
upon a Statute not unlike the Statute now under Consideration, and 
upon Courts and Judges not unlike the Courts & Judges of Ad- 
miralty in America. 

The formidable power of these Courts and their distressing 
Course of Proceedings have been severely felt within the Year past ; 
many of your Fellow Citizins having been worn out with Attend- 
ance upon them, in defence against Information for extravagant 
& enormous Penalties. And we have the highest Reason to" fear 
from past Experiences [154.] Tbr.tif no Relief is obtained for us, 
the Properties & Liberties of this unhappy Country, and its Morals 
too, will be ruined by these Courts, and the Persons emploj-ed to 
support them . 

We therefore earnstly recommend to you, by every legal Meas- 
ure to endeavor that the power of these Courts may be con- 
fined to their proper Element, according to the antieut English 
Statutes ; and that you Petition & Remonstrate against the late 
Extension of their Jurisdictions ; and we doubt not the other 
Colonies and Provinces who suffer with us under them, will cheer- 
fully harmonize with this in every Justifiable Measure that may be 
taken for a Redress 

We need not here take Occasion to Instruct you, that while you 
in the most ample manner testify your loyalty to our gracious 
Sovereign, you will strenuously assert & maintain the Right of the 
Subject Jointly or severally to Petition the King ; or to declare 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 289 

it as our clear Opinion, that the House of Representatives in 
any one Province has an undeniable Right, whenever a Just 
Occasion shall offer, to communicate their Sentiments upon a com- 
mon concern to the Assembly of any or all the other Colonies, and 
to unite with them in humble dutiful & loyal Petitions for Redress 

of a general Grievance 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3, 0'Clock P : M : 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjourum'. 
Voted, unanimously, that the Instructions given our Representa- 
tives relative to their Conduct in the General Assembly be published 
in the several News Papers 
Upon a Motion made and seconded. 

[155.] Voted, that it gives high satisfaction to the Town to be 
informed that our Merchants have so strictly adhered to their 
Agreement relative to a Non Importation of European Merchandize 
and that it be and hereby is recommended to the Inhabitants not to 
purchase any Goods of those few Persons who have imported any 
Articles in the Vessels lately arrived from Great Britain, not allowed 
of by said Agreement, and that on the contrary Ihey will use their In- 
fluence to promote in the way of Trade the Interest of those Gentle- 
men, who have nobly preferred the future wellfare of their Country 

and all North America to any present advantages of their own 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that 

M r . William Whitweli 

Thomas Daws Esq. 

Melatiah Bourn Esq. 

M r . Alexander Hill 

M r . Ezekiel Price 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to examine the Town 
Treasurers Accounts now before the Town, and to make a full en- 
quiry into the state of the Town Treasury, and the Debts and 
Credits of the Town and also to Report the same at the Adjourn- 
ment together with what Sum or Sums may be necessary to be raised 

for the ensuing Year as a Town Tax 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to the 22 d . Instant 9 
O'Clock. A : M : and that Notifications be issued informing the In- 
habitants of the Business which will then come before them 

May 22". Town Met according to Adjournment 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants for paving the upper 
end of Long Lane was read whereupon Voted, that the Town 
will pay One third part of the Expence of paving the same pro- 
vided it be done to the satisfaction of the Selectmen 

[156. J Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be and they 
hereby are appointed a Committee to act upon the List of 

Jurors 

Mess. Thomas Bayley 

John Gill 
were chose Suveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing 

A Letter from the Gentlemen the Selectmen of Charlestown 
acquainting the Town with the Agreement entred into by the In- 
habitants of that Town not to purchase any Lamb or suffer any to 



290 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

be Cooked in their Familys before the first Day of August 1 769 
and desiriug the concurrance of the Inhabitants of Boston in this 
Measure for Reasons mentioned in said Letter was read where- 
upon 

Voted, that Benjamin Kent Esq. 

M r . Ezekiel Price 

M r . Nathaniel Homes 

M r . Benjamin Harrod 

M r . Nathaniel Barber 

M r . Jonathan Amory 

M r . John Ballard 

M r . Peter Johonnot 

"William Homes Esq. 

M r . William Baves 

M r . William Boardman 

M r . Thomas Jackson 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to draw up & procure 
Subscriptions to a Agreement not to purchase any Lamb for Family 

consumption 'till the first of July next 

The Committee appointed to examine the Accounts of M r . David 
Jeffries Town Treasurer have attended that service and find the 
same right Cast and well Vouched, in which he Charges himself 
with some Fines, Rents & other Incomes of the Town as also 
[157.] With the Tax of t>000 all which amount to the Sum of 

10744 ,, 10 ,, 5/2 including the Balance of old Accounts. 

And the said Treasurer discharges hinself by sundry Abatements 
made the Collectors amounting to 726 ,, 4 ,, 3. By Drafts made by 
the Selectmen amounting to 3069 ,, 1 ,,5. of which he has paid 
2199 , 2 1 1/2 And by Drafts made by the Overseers of the Poor 
which contain the Charges of the Almshouse amounting to 2Go2 ,, 
4 ,, 7/4 of which he has paid 1480 ,, 2 ,, 1/2 Also by sundry 
Sums paid for Interest amounting to 206 ,, 13 ,, 3/2 the whole 

amounting to 74:">3 ,, 13 ,, 7/4. 

The said Committee have inspected said Drafts in a very partic- 
ular manner, and have examined the Vouchers produced by the 
Overseers of the Poor for the amount of their Drafts, and every 
other branch of public Charge amounting in all as above to 
7453 ,, 13 ,, 7/4 as by Account of Town Treasury in the Town 
Treasurers Books Balance whereof being 3290 ,, 16 ,, 10/4 is 
carried to the Credit of new Accounts " which Report and 
Account being read. Voted, that the same be and hereby is 

accepted. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Two Constables, and upon 

sorting them it appeared that . 

Mess. George Thomas 
John Peirce 

were chose Constables for the Year ensuing 

The Committee Appointed the 8 Instant to examine the Town 
Treasurers Account now before the Town, and to make a full en- 
quiry into the state of the Town Treasury and Debts and Credits 
of the Town, as also to Report the same at the Adjournment 
together with what Sum or Sums of Money may be necessary to 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 291 

be raised for the ensuing Year as a Town Tax having attended 

that service, beg leave to Report as follows. 

Debts due to the Province Treasury, from the Five following 
persons [158.] Collectors May 18 Instant Viz'. 
Due from Jon a . Payson Esq. a former Collector for 1766-575,,14,,6 

from M r . Sampson Salter for 1767 -71,, 12, ,3 

from M r . Samuel Ruggles Jun r . - - - for 1767 -603, ,16, ,7 

from M r . Abraham Savage for 1767 -402, ,19, ,7 

from M r . Edward Hollyday for 1767- 76, ,15, ,8 



Balance due to Province Treasury from the 

above Collectors 2530, ,18, ,7 

Due from Jonathan Payson Esq. a former Collector ) 

to the Town for 1766 } 746,, 7,,9 

With the above Sum due to the Province Treasury 575, ,14, ,6 



1322,,2,,3 
Deduct the Premium from said Sum when paid - - 190,, ,,- 



Leaves a Balance due from said Payson - ... 1132, ,2, 

due on Interest - 



To the Overseers of the Poor for 1767. & 1768 - 1011,,14,,10 
To the Sum borrowed for the Overseers to purchase 

Grain 400,,,, 

To M r . Lazinby and M r . Farmer Master of the Work ) ,. 
--- House and Alms House ........ j " "~~ 

To the several School Masters ------- 1600,, ,, 

To sundry Persons borrowed- ------- 2126,, ,, 

To Sum borrowed for M r . Mullineux ----- 500,, ,, 



6204,,14,,10 

Interest now due to School Masters and others - - 402,, ,, 
The Committee also find by Accounts from the 

Town Treasurer that the Moneys due to sundry 

Persons who Rebuilt Faneuil Hall for which ^ 1452,, ,, 

the Town pays Interest amount to, as will 

- - appear from the state of the Lottery hereto 

annexed ------------- 

As the Committee cannot with certainty ascertain 

the Towns part of the Sum on Interest for the 

new Court House and Goal, we suppose it to be 

about 1200,,,, 

As also the Charges already commenced for Rebuild- 

ing of the County Goal 900,,., 



Total of the supposed Sum on Interest for the Towns 

part of y e . County Tax 2100,, ,, 

[159.] The state of the Town Treasury by the Treasurers 
Accounts in March last stood thus. Debts 8511 ,, 16 ,, 7. The 
Credits 8821 ,, The Committee would observe here that a part of 
the above Credit is under such Circumstances as to render the 
same insuP^ient to discharge the Debts by the Sum of 1272 ,, 



292 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

after the Tax of 6000 is paid into the Treasury for 1 768 

And the Arrears due from M r . Payson for 1766. amounting to 
746 ,, 7 ,, 9 The Interest arising on the above Sum of 6204 ,, 
14 ,, 10 being 372 It therefore appears to the Comm tee . necessary 
for the Town to raise the aforementioned Sums amounting to 
1644 ,, 16 ,, over and above what is necessary to defrey the 
Charges of the present Year, which we would suppose to be 
6355 ,, 4/. so that the whole Sum proposed to be Raised by the 

Town is 8000 provided some more effectual Measures be 

pursued for the payment of the Taxes in the Treasury, than has 

heretofore been practised by the Town 

State of the Lottery ------ 

1767 February 10 th . To M r . Temple De Coster - 230,,,, 

To Onesipherus Tileston - - 650,, ,, 
19: To Samuel Ruggles - - - 312,,,, 

To Thomas Dawes - - - 260,, ,, 



Notes on Interest 1452,, ,, 

Due to John Hancock Esq. - ----- 20 

to Robert Gould 13,, 6, ,8 

Leanord Jarvis -------- 13,, 6, ,8 



1769 May 20 

By Cash in the hands of Thorn*. Gushing Esq. 171,, 10,, 8 

By Ditto in the hands of John Ruddock Esq. 128,, 2,,- 

By Ditto in the hands of Treasurer - - - - 307, ,12,,- 



607,, 4,,8 
Ballance due 891,, 8,,8 



1498, ,13, ,4 

Your Committee are of Opinion it would be for the Interest of 
[16O.] The Town to have the Tax for 1769 Collected and paid 
into the Treasury by the Time fixed by the Town for the payment 
of the same, the Expence of the Town it is probable would be 
thereby lessoned, as it would be in the power of the Selectmen 
and Overseers of the Poor to purchase what was wanted for the 
Towns use at a much cheaper rate with the Cash then upon 
Credit 

Your Committee are also of Opinion that the Outstanding Debts 
due to the Town should be Collected and paid in forthwith, in 
order to discharge the Interest Money now due, as well as to 
lesson the Principle 

They also recommend to the Town to Choose Collectors to Col- 
lect the Town Tax the next Year sepperate from the Collectors 
for the Province and Count} 7 , for by having the Taxes come out 
so late in the Year as formerly, the Town has for a considerable 
Time been One Year behind hand To remedie this in part if the 
Town Tax was laid early and sepperate Collectors chosen, the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1760. 293 

same or the greater part may be Collected in the Year, and thereby 
save a great part of the Sum we otherwise must pay Interest for 
on Moneys borrowed 

The above Report having been rend and considered the Ques- 
tion was put Whether the same shall be accepted Passed in 
the Affermative 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that the Town 
Treasurer be directed that in case Major Jonathan Payson a late 
Collector of Taxes does not pay in to the Town Treasury his Town 
Tax before July next, or give security to the satisfaction of the 
Selectmen, to pay the Principal and Interest thereof that then 
his Bonds be put in Suit next July Court. 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed to call upon all the 
Collectors of Taxes to hasten the Collection of the Taxes com- 
mitted to them 

[161.] And that if he finds any deficiency, he then call upon 
the Province Treasurer to issue his Executions against them 

Voted, that M r . William Whitwell 
Thomas Daws Esq. 
Melatiah Bourn Esq. 
M r . Alexander Hill 
M r . Ezekiel Price 

be a standing Committee to inspect the state of the Town Treasury, 
and from time to time to Report upon that and other Money 
Matters, and if they see fit to Apply to the Selectmen for a Town 
Meeting to be called upon the same 

Voted, that the Sum of Eight Thousand Pounds be Raised by a 
Tax upon Polls and Estates within this Town, for Relief of the 
Poor and defreying other necessary Charges arising within the 

Town the ensuing Year 

. Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that M r . William 
Whitwell and others a Standing Committee to inspect the State of 
the Treasury, be a Committee to call upon the late Manufactory 
Company for the Money due from them to the Town and if they 
do not pay the same, that they then apply to the Town Treasurer 
to bring an Action against them for the same 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Warden in the room of 
M r . William Powell, excused from serving on account of his 

Health and upon sorting them it appeared that 

M r . John Cunningham 

was chosen a Warden for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that all Matters and Things which remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be and hereby are referred over to the next General 
Town Meeting to be then Considered of and acted upon at said 
Meeting. 

[163.] Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be 
& hereby are given to the Hon ble . James Otis Esq. the Moderator 

of this Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



294 Crrr DOCUMENT No. 88. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 13 th . Day of 

June Anno Domini 1769 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator, but the 
Constable not being able to find him, the Town proceeded to the 
choice of another, and upon bringing in the Votes appeared that 
Richard Dana Esq. was chosen, who took the Oaths respecting 
Lis paying and receiving Bills of Credit of the Governments of 
Connecticut, New Hampshire and Rhode Island as required by an 

Act of this Province 

[163.] The Committee Appointed on the 4 Day of May last 
relative to the Grist Mills at the North port of Boston Report 
That on the twenty-seventh Day of May A D : 1769 they did 
pursuant to Appointment Repair to the Premisses mentioned in the 
Report of a former Committee made to the Town the fifth of said 
May, and there took some Possession and Seizon of that part of 
the Premisses viz 1 . The Land whereon the Grist Mills lately 
stood, and the Lands Adjoining to and about the same, in the 
Name of the whole, this the Committee did in behalf of the In- 
habitants of the Town of Boston 

In the Name and by direction of the Committee 

JAMES OTIS 

"We the Subscribers were present and saw the Committee aforesaid 
take Possession and Seizon of the Premisses aforesaid as above 
mentioned by Turf & Twig, and left them in quiet Possession of 

the same May 27. 1769 JONAS BOND, THOMAS 

ROBBINS, Jun r . 

The above Report having been read Voted, that the same be 

accepted 

The Article in the Warrant relative to the Grist Mills by the 
Mill Bridge was read and Considered, whereupon Voted that 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. 

Joshua Henahaw Esq. 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 

John Ruddock Esq. 

John Hancock Esq. 

Samuel Pemberton Esq. 

M r . Henderson Inches 

M r . Jonathan Mason 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

M r . Edward Payne 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 

John Barrett Esq. 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to pursue what [164.] 
Steps may be necessary for recovering the actual Possession of the 
Dwelling House and Land near to the Grist Mills by the Mill 
Bridge, as also to prosecute in the Law such Suit and Suits as 
may be effectual for obtaining for the Town quiet Possession of 
said Premisses, or any part thereof ; and to pursue the same untill 
final Judgement and Execution 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 295 

John Tuder Esq. and some others of the Proprietors of the 
Grist Mills near the Mill Bridge being present were (at their 
desire) heard the Matters relative to said Mills now under the 
Consideration of the Town, and afterwards upon a Motion made 
and seconded, It was Voted, that the above Committee be and they 
hereby are Appointed a Committee, to Confer with the Proprietors 
of said Mills, the Major part of them, or such a Committee as they 
shall appoint, relative to said Mills, & receive such Proposals as 
they shall give in Writing under their hands & Report the same to 
the Town at the Adjournment of this Meeting, that so the Town 
may proceed further thereon as shall be thought proper, and this 
the Committee are desired to do before any Suit is brought for 
possession of said premisses 

The Petition of Jonatlian Payson Esq. a late Collector of Taxes, 
that three Months longer Time may be allowed him to Collect his 
Outstanding Debts and pay the Town was read and Considered ; 
and the Question being put Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affermative 

Adjourned to Tuesday the 4 July 3 O'Clock P : M : 

Tuesday July 4 1769. 3 O'Clock P: M: Met according to Ad- 
journment. 

[165] The Committee relative to the Grist Mills Report 
That they had met a majority of the Proprietors, who appeared 
for themselves & the other Proprietors absent and conferred with 
them relative to the Matters desired, and had also received Pro- 
posals from said Proprietors in Writing which the}' herewith 

present to the Town 

JOSEPH JACKSON Chairman 

The Committee to conferr with the Proprietors of the Mills and 
to receive any proposals in Writing and hand in to the Town at the 
Adjournment, have Reported to the Town certain Proposals, which 
they had just received from the Proprietors, which Proposals being 
read and largely debated the Question was put Whether the 
Proposals shall be accepted Passed in the Negative Nemlne 
Contr 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to Richard Dana Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting, 
for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in public Town Meet- 
ing Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 4 th July Anno 
Domini 1769. 4 O'Clock P : M : 

Warrant for calling the Meeting ------ read. 

[166.] Richard Dana Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, & took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the other Governments as required by an Act of 
this Province 



296 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

The Petition of a great number of respectable Inhabitants set- 
ting forth " That some Persons have as they are informed from 
good Authority, petitioned or requested of his Excellency Sir 
Francis Bernard Barronet, Commander in Chief of this Province, 
that the 14 th or some other other Regiment may be detained in this 
Town in order to protect their Lives and Properties, notwithstand- 
ing the Laws of the Land make ample provision for the Security 
of all his Majestys Subjects, without the aid of any Military force 
whatever ; and fearing such Report may be Represented to Ad- 
ministration as the Sense of the Inhabitants, they pray that such 
steps may be taken as the Town shall think proper, to prevent the 
ill effects of such Representations, and to convince the World that 
the Residence of a Military Power in the Body of this Metropolis 
is upon various Considerations ; quite disagreable to the Inhabi- 
tants " was read and Considered and the following Votes 
passed 

Whereas this Town have in diverse ways, more particularly in 
a late humble Petition to our most gracious Sovereign, expressed 
their Grief and astonishment to find Accounts had been trans- 
mitted from hence to Administration representing this Town to be 
in a state of disorder and confusion, and in opposition to the clue 
restraints of Law and Constitutional Authority thereby inducing 
the necessity of a military Power to aid the Civil Majestrate and 
preserve the Peace ; A nd whereas in said Petition the Town de- 
clare these Accounts to be ill grounded which have represented 
them as held to their Allegiance & Duty, only by the Band of 
Terror and the force of Arms, and at the same time humbly sup- 
plicate his Majesty to remove the Military power now among us, 
which they were unanimous in their Opinion was a Power unnec- 
essary a power unfavourable to Commerce [167.] Destructive 
to Morals, dangerous to Law, and tending to overthrow the Civil 
Constitution therefore Voted, unanimously That such Persons 
among us if any such there be as have Petitioned Governor Ber- 
nard, or in any other way signified their desire, that some of the 
Troops may be detained for the preservation of their Persons & 
Properties have therein counteracted the declared Sense of the 
Town, discovered themselves ignorant of its true Interest, and 
highly inamical to its Peace and Prosperity also 

Voted unanimously, that if on any Occasion it should become 
necessary, the Town are and always have been ready to Obey and 
Assist the Civil Majestrate in the due Execution of the good and 
wholesome Laws of this Land, which they are of Opinion will be 
sufficient for the preservation of peace and good crder, without 
any Military and forreign aid whatever 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that the aforegoing 
Votes be printed in one of the publick News Papers, subject to 
the Corrections of the Moderator, he not to depart from the sense 
thereof 

Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and 
hereby are given to Richard Dana Esq. the Moderator of this 
Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 297 

[168.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 4 th Day of 

October Anno Domini 1769 

Warrant for calling the Meeting ------ read. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the other Governments, as required by an Act 

of this Province 

Agreable to the Notification of the Selectmen it was ordered 
that the authentick Copies of the several Letters Memorials &c. 
wrote by Governor Bernard, Commodore Hood, the Commissioners 
of the Customs and others, to the Ministry, which were laid before 
the Parliament and transmitted to the Selectmen by William 
Bollan Esq. be read, so far as they relate to this Town : And they 

were read accordingly 

A Motion was then made, and it was unanimously Voted, That 
the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to William Bollan 
Esq. for his generous care in transmitting to the Selectmen 
authentick Copies of Letters wrote to his Majestys Ministers of 
State, by Governor Bernard, General Gage, Commodore Hood 
and others, and also of several Memorials of the Commissioners 
of the Customs in America In which Letters and Memorials the 
Dispositiou and Conduct of the Inhabitants of the Town have 
been grossly misrepresented to their Sovereign, in Consequence 
whereof they have been sensibly affected with the Marks of his 
Majestys [169.] Displeasure And that the Moderator be 
directed to transmit this Vote of Thanks to M r . Bollan, for so 
seasonable and important a service. Also 
Voted, unanimously, that 

The Hon ble . Thomas Cushing Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

John Adams Esq. 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. 

D r . Joseph Warren 

Richard Dana Esq. 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to Consider what 
Measures are proper to be taken to vindicate the Character of the 
Town from the false and injurious representations contained in 
the Letters & Memorials aforesaid, and Report at the Adjourn- 
ment of this Meeting 

After which upon a Motion made the following Vote was unani- 
mously passed 

The Merchants not only of this Metropolis but through the Con- 
tinent having nobly preferred the publick Good to their own pri- 
vate Emolument: And with a View to obtain a Redress of the 
Grievances so loudly and Justly complained of, having almost 
unanimously engaged to suspend their Importation from Great 
Britain : A Measure approved by all Orders as legal peaceable, 



298 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

and most likely of all other to effect the salutary design in view ; 
and which will be regarded by Posterity with Veneration, for the 
disinterested and truly publick Spirit appearing in it : The Town 
cannot but express their Astonishment and Indignation, that any 
of its Citizens should be so lost to the feelings of Patriotism, and 
the common Interest, and so thoroughly & infamously selfish as 
to obstruct this very Measure, by continuing their Importation 
[17O.] Be it therefore SOLEMNLY Fotert, that the Names of those 
Persons few indeed to the Honor of the Town, viz 4 . JOHN BERNARD, 
NATHANIEL ROGERS THEOPHILUS LITTLE, JAMES MCMASTERS AXL> 
COMPANY, JOHN MEIN, THOMAS HUTCHINSON JUN B . AND ELISIIA 
HUTCHINSON BE ENTRED on the Records of this Town, that 
Posterity may know, who those Persons were that preferred their 
little private advantage to the common Interest of all the Colonies, 
in a point of the greatest Importance ; who not only deserted but 
opposed their Country, in a struggle for the Rights of the Consti- 
tution, that must ever do it honor : And who with a design to 
enrich themselves, basely took Advantage of the generous self 
denial of their Fellow Citizens for the Common Good. 

Ordered that the aforegoing Votes be printed in the Several 
publick News Papers 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Wednesday the 18 
Instant at 10 O'Clock in the Fore-Noon 

October 18 10 O'Clock A:M:Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. Chairman of the Committee ap- 
pointed to transmit a Petition of the Town to the Hon ble . Isaac 
Barre Esq. of London by him to be presented to his Majesty; 
received the following Letter which was read to the Town 

Bath July 20 1769. 
Sir 

I had the honor of receiving your Letter with its Inclosures on 
the first of June. It gives me very great satisfaction to find that 
my publick Conduct continues to meet with the approbation of so 
respectable a Body of his Majestys loyal Subjects, and I feel my- 
self much flatter' d with receiving the Commands of the [171.] 
Inhabitants of Boston I am now to acquaint you that the Day 
after your Letter reached my hand I had the honor of laying at 
the Kings Feet, the Petition which you transmitted to me, ad- 
dressed to his Majesty. 

Your Fellow Citizens, Sir, may rest assured that their applica- 
tion to the Throne for Redress, has not upon this occasion been 
intercepted 

Their situation and Grievances are stated by themselves, are 
now fully known to their Sovereign, whose Princely Virtues give 
them abundant reason to be perswaded with me, that his heart 
will feel and his own genuine wisdom will in due course of time 
dictate the most proper methods of alleviating the distresses of his 
faithful Subjects, however remote they may be from his Royal 
Presence 

Permit me to add my sincere wishes that the future measures 
for the better gcverning of America ma} 7 be of such a conciliating 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 299 

nature as will effectually restore that affection and obedience 
which formerly characterized all the dependances of this great 

Nation 

I am 

with personal esteem and regard 

Sir 
Your most obedient & most 

humble servant 
ISAAC BARKEE 

The Committee appointed the 4 Instant " to Considei what 
Measures are proper to be taken to vindicate the Character of the 
Town from the false and injurious Representations contained in 
the Letters & Memorials wrote by Governor Bernard, Commodore 
Hood, the Commissioners of the Customs and others " Reported a 
Draft; And upon a Motion made and seconded, the Same was 
recommitted, and the Committee desired to Report again in the 
Afternoon. 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 4 0' Clock. P : M : 

[173.] October 18 th . 4. O'Clock P:M: Met according to 
Adjournment 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for a Collector of Taxes 
in the room of M r . Samuel Ruggles Juu r . who declined serving and 

upon sorting them it appeared that 

M r . Jacob Wendell 
was chosen into that Office 

The Committee according to Order, again Reported P Draft 
relative to Governor Bernard, Commodore Hood, General Gages 
& Commissioners Letters and Memorials, (see at the close of this 
Year the same recorded at large) which Report being read and 
considered, was unanimously accepted, and Ordered to be pub- 
lished and the Committee were directly respectfully to transmit a 
printed Copy of the same to the following Gentlemen. Viz'. 
The lion 61 ". Coll". Isaac Barree Esq. a Member of Parliament, 
His Excellency Thomas Pownall Esq. late Governor of this Prov- 
ince, and a Member of Parliament, Benjamin Franklin Esq. 
Doctor of Laws, William Bollan Esq. Agent for his Majestys 
Council of this Province, Dennis Deberdt Esq. Agent for the 
House of Representatives, and Barlow Trecothick Esq. Alderman 
of the City of London, and a Member of Parliament 

Then the Committee made Report of the following Resolves 
Viz'. 

Resolved, That the Letters and Memorials of Governor Bernard 
and tlie Commissioners of the Customs in America, transmitted by 
tliem respectively to his Majestys Ministers, and laid before the 
Parliament of Great Britain, authentick Copys of which are now 
before this Town, had a tendency to deceive the Ministry, and lead 
them unavoidably to misinform his Majesty, with Regard to the 
Affections and loyalty of his American Subjects in general: 
[178.] And that the said Governor Bernard and the Commis- 
sioners have perticularly in their Letters and Memorials before 
mentioned, discovered an implacable Enmity to this Town, and the 



300 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

most virulent Endeavors to traduce it even to his Majesty himself, 
by Means whereof the Inhabitants very sensibly feel the Dis- 
pleasure of their gracious Sovereign 

Resolved, That this Town have Reason to rejoice in the Measure 
taken by the Hon ble . House of Representatives, in the last Session 
of the General Assembly ; by so seasonably preferring their dutiful 
and loyal Petition to his Majesty, for the removal of Governor 
Bernard forever, from the Government of this Province : And the 
Town take this Opportunity to express their most ardent wish, 
that the Prayer of said Petition to his Majesty may be graciously 
heard and granted 

Resolved, That General Gage and Commodore Hood in their 
Several Letters to his Majestys Ministers and Servants, authentick 
Copies of which are now before the Town, have discovered an 
unreasonable Prejudice against the Town. Arid the General in 
particular, in declaring in his Letter to the Right Hon ble . the Earl 
of Hillsborough, one of his Majestys Secrataries of State that " in 
truth there was very little Government in Boston " and in making 
use of other Expressions alike severe, hns done great injustice to 
the Town, and an irreparable injury. And it is moreover the 
Opinion of the Town, that the readiness he has discovered to 
receive unfavourable Impressions of it, and the publick Testimony 
he was prevailed on to bear against it, before he could have had 
Time to make an impartial Enquiry, betrayed a want of Candor 
unbecoming his Station and Character 

Resolved, That many of the Letters & Memorials aforesaid are 
false scandalous and infamous Libels upon the Inhabitants of this 
Town, Province and Continent, of the most virulent and Malicious, 
as well as dangerous and pernicious tendency : And that the 
Selectmen be and hereby are directed, to apply and complain to 
proper authority, that the wicked Authors of these incendiary 
Libels, may be proceeded with [174.] According to Law, and 
brought to condign punishment. 

Voted, That Mess. Edes and Gill have the printing of the 
vindication of the Town of Boston from the many false and ma- 
licious Aspersions contained in Governor Bernard, and others 
Letters &c. as Reported by the Committee 

The Committee appointed by the Town to inspect the State of 
the Town Treasury, from Time to Time and make Report upon 
that and other Money Matters, now Report, That M r . Paysou a 
late Collector has paid the Town Treasurer 2 ,, 12 ,, 8 since their 
former Report, and also the Province Treasurer 107 So that 
there is still due to the Town Treasurer 743 ,, 15 ,, 1. and to the 
Province Treasurer 448 ,, 4 ,, 6 lawful Money . 

Upon a Motion made Voted, unanimously That the Thanks of 
this Town be and hereby are given to the Hon ble . Isaac Barree Esq. 
a Member of Parliament for his singular Service to the Town in 
waiting upon our gracious Sovereign in Person, and presenting to 
his Majesty their humble and dutiful Petition for the Redress of 
Grievances, and that 

The Hon ble . Thomas dishing Esq. 
M r . Samuel Adams 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 301 

John Adams Esq. 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. 

D r . Joseph Warren 

Richard Dana Esq. 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

Joseph Jackson Esq. & 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 
be a Committee respectfully to transmit this Vote of Thanks to 

Coll . Barree as soon as may be 

Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of [175.] The Town be 
and hereby are given to the Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. Mod- 
erator of this Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 13 Day of 
November Anno Domini 1769 



Warrant for calling the Meeting ------ read 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 

Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving 

Bills of Credit of the other Governments as required by an Act 

of this Province 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 

Votes for a Collector of Taxes for the present Year ; and upon 

sorting them it appeared that 

M r . Benjamin Henderson 

was chosen a Collector of Taxes for the Year 1769 



Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 4 O'Clock P : M : 
4. O'Clock Met according to Adjournment 



[176.] M r . Benjamin Henderson who was chosen in the 
Fore-Nocm a Collector of Taxes, appeared, and acquainted the 
Town, that having thoughts of removing into the Country, it 
would not be convenient for him to serve in that Office And 
therefore desired the Town would be pleased to excuse his serving 
whereupon 

Voted, that M r . Benjamin Henderson be excused from serving 
in the Office of a Collector of Taxes to which he had been 
chosen 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Collector of Taxes, and 
upon sorting them it appeared that 

Cap 4 . Samuel Dashwood 
was chosen a Collector of Taxes for the Year 1769 

Cap 1 . Samuel Dashwood chosen into the Office of a Collector of 
Taxes came into Meeting, and prayed the Town, that he might be 
excused from serving in said Office whereupon it was Voted 
that he be accordingly excused 

A Motion was made and seconded that the Town come into 
some Methods for preventing the Forestalling of the Market, 
which is a great and growing evil, after some debate had thereon 



302 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

it was moved and carried, that the further Consideration of this 
Motion be referred over to the Adjournment 

Voted, that the Town Clerk be directed to procure Copys of 
such Bills as have at any Time been presented to the General 
Assembly relative to forestalling of the Market, or any other 
Documents respecting this practise, to be laid before the Town at 
the Adjournment of this Meeting 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Fryday the 17 of 
this Instant 10 O'Clock. Before-Noon 

[177.] Fryday November 17. 10. O'Clock A : M : Town met 
according to Adjournment 

The Meeting being thin and the Weather very Cold, it was 
Voted, that the Meeting be Adjourned to the Selectmens Cham- 
ber 

The Town taking into Consideration the great loss the Inhabi- 
tants sustain by means of the pernitious practise of forestalling 
the Market, which is a growing Evil, and as detrimental to the 
Interest of the Landholder or Farmer as it is to the People of this 
Metropolis 

Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be and hereby are 
appointed a Committee to take thia Matter into Consideration, and 
to consult the best methods that m;iy be taken to obtain at the 
next Session of the Great and General Assembly of this Province, 
such an Act as may be effectual to remedie the Evil complained 
of, and also to prevent the Incumbrances in the Streets near 
Market Square, by means of the Country People placing their 
Horses and Carts in said Street instead of bringing them with 
their Provisions into the Market Enclosures 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Fryday next being 
the 24 Instant. 10. O'Clock Before-Noon 

Fryday November 24 10. O'Clock Before Noon Town met ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Moderator of this Meeting The IIon ble . James Otis Esq. for 

dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[178.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of 
the Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fryday the 8 Day of 
December Anno Domini 1769 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. was chosen Moderator of this Meeting, 
and took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving Bills of 
Credit of the Governments of Connecticut, New Hampshire and 
Rhode Island, as required by an Act of this Province 

The Petition of M r . Hugh M. Daniel, " setting forth that he is 
now a Prisioner in his Majestys Goal forNon Payment of his Taxes 
for 1766 & 1767. amounting in the whole to 22 ,, 12 ,, 3 as well as 
for other Suits ; and praying such relief as to the Town may seem 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1769. 303 

meet" was read, and after considerable debate had thereon 
a Motion was made, that the said Petitioner might have leave to 

withdraw his Petition 

M r . Benjamin Henderson 

was chosen a Collector of Taxes for the Year 17G9 

Adjourned to Wednesday December 13. 4. O'Clock P: M: 

13. 4. O'Cloek P: M: Met according to Adjourn- 



[179.] Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are 
given to Joshua Henshaw Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for dis- 
patching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



The Report of the Committee appointed to vindicate the Town 
of Boston from the many false and malicious Aspersions contained 
in certain Letters and Memorials, written by Governor Bernard, 
General Gage, Commodore Hood, the Commissioners of the Ameri- 
can Board of Customs, and others, and by them respectively 
transmitted to the British Ministry, which was laid before the Town 
and accepted, at a General Meeting of the Freeholders and Inhab- 
itants, the 18. of October last, is as follows, Viz 1 . 

The Town of Boston having by the generous care of William 
Bollan Esq. formerly a very worthy Inhabitant in it, but now a 
Resident in London, received authentick copies of Letters Memo- 
rials &. written by Governor Bernard, General Gage, Commodore 
Hood, the Commissioners of the American Board of Customs, and 
others, and laid before the Parliament ; which contain many base in- 
sinuations and virulent charges of an high nature against the Town : 
The Freeholders and Inhabitants in a legal Town Meeting assem- 
bled for the purpose, have considered tho same. As they have not 
3*et been favoured with the particular vouchers : if indeed these 
Gentlemen have produced any to the Ministry [18O.] Before whom 
they laid their accusations, it cannot be expected they should be 
enabled to make so full a vindication of the Town as otherwise 
they might : They have however endeavoured to extract from those 
writings, so far as the Town is concerned in them, and to lay be- 
fore the publick their true spirit : From whence it will appear how 
restless, Governor Bernard & his Associates have been in their 
malicious intrigues to traduce not this Town and Province, alone, 
but the whole British American Continent. 

In his Letter to the Earl of Shelburne, dated March 19. 1768 he 
tells his Lordship that " he sees such an opposition to the Com- 
missioners and their Officers, and such a defyance to the Authority 
by which they are appointed, continually growing, that he can no 
longer excuse his informing his Lordship of the detail of facts, 
from whence the most dangerous consequences are to be expected " 
It is observable here, how artfully he connects an opposition to 
the Commissioners with a defiance of the authority by which they 
are appointed ; and this with an apparent design to represent this 
Town as disaffected to his Majestys Government in general, than 



304 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

which nothing can be more false and malicious. That the People 
should entertain the highest disgust of a Board, instituted to 
superintend a Revenue to be raised from them without their con- 
sent, which was and still is exacted with the utmost rigor, is 
natural ; after they hud so loudly as well as Justly complained of 
the Revenue itself, as depriving them of the very idea of liberty : 
But it cannot be said \vitli the lenst appearance of truth that they 
set at defiance the Kings authority, at the very time when they 
were actually yielding obedience to those Revenue laws, under all 
the hardships of them, and were patiently waiting for the happy 
issue of their Just complaints, and their humble petitions to their 
Sovereign for the redress of their Grievances The Commissioners 
had however at that time surely no reasonable grounds to expect 
any injury to their Persons or interruption in their Office ; for they 
had been more than four months in the Town, without the least 
danger of this kind, although they had from their first arrival dis- 
covered [181.] Such an arrogance an insolence of Office as let 
many Persons to apprehend that they aimed at nothing less than 
provoking the People to such a degree of intemperance as to make 
an appearance of it. But being disappointed in this, more shifts 
& pretensions are to be sought after ; and accordingly we lind M r . 
Bernard begining his detail: to his Lordship with telling him 
there had been ''frequent reports of insurrections intended, in 
which it had been said, the Houses of one or more of the Com- 
missioners were to be pulled down " The Governor it is to be 
observed relies much upon Reports in his Letters even to Ministers 
of State, while few if any among us ever heard of such Reports : 
He does not so much as attempt to make it appear to his Lordship 
that these frequent Reports were brought to him by Persons of 
credit, or that they were well grounded ; and it is very much to be 
questioned, whether he received his intelligence fiom any other 
Persons than the Commissioners themselves, their Dependents & 
Expectents, the number of whom are increased to an enormous 
degree, more than sufficient to devour the whole Revenue, and 
many of them are of the most abandoned character. But to give 
a colouring to these Ideas of an Insurrection, there must be some- 
thing more alledged than barely that there had been frequent Re- 
ports of its being intended ; and therefore his Lordship is told of 
an event which in fact took place as some few remember, but the 
story is wrought up by the Governor with all the strokes of 
masterly invention to serve the purpose " A number of Lr.ds says 
he peraded the Town with a Drum and Horn" And what possible 
harm could there be in that? Why among otlier Houses, "they 
passed by the Council Chamber when he was Sitting in Council " 
And did they stop to insult the Governor and Council? Such a 
circumstance would doubtless have embellished his Excellencies 
Narrative. There passing by however carried the air of an insult, 
tho' in all likelihood the unlucky Boys might not know that his 
Excellency was there But they had " assembled before M r . Pax- 
tons House" and least it should be forgot his Lordship is reminded 
that M r . Paxton is a " Commissioner " And did they do M r . Pax- 
ton the Commissioner any injury, yess truly " they huzzard " & 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 305 

went off then they " invested M r . Burchs House " And hi8 Lordship 
is also told [182.] That M r . Btirch is " another Commissioner" 
and "his Lady & Children were obliged to go out of the back 
door to avoid the danger that was threatned " So that they were 
not threatned with mischief, but with danger only. It has been 
usual for the Commissioners to affect an apprehension of danger 
to themselves and their Families, to serve the purposes they had 
in view. There is indeed no accounting for the real fears of 
Women and Children : The Ladys however can sometimes vie with 
their Husbands in intrigue, and are thoroughly versed in the art 
even of political appearance. And it is said that all are Politicians 
in this Country : Whether this Lady whom Governor Bernard has 
politely ushered into the view of the public, really thought herself 
in danger or not, it is incumbent on him to show that there were 
Just grounds for her apprehensions, that M r . Burch's House was in 
fact k ' invested " and that " the most dangerous consequences were 
to be expected " The World may be assured there was not the 
least appearance of this kind ; and yet, these are M r . Bernards own 
declarations to his Majestys Ministers, grounded upon vague and 
idle Reports, beneath one of his I'ank and station to take any 
notice of, and especially with a design to misrepresent. He 
expresses a surprize and surely he must counterfeit it, that this 
matter of "the parade with the Drum and Horn" was after all 
treated as the diversion of a few Boys, as it is still thought to 
have been by all who can remember so triffling an occurrance, ex- 
cept the Governor and his Adherents the diversion of a few 
innocent, tho' perhns vulgar Boys, who neither did nor intended 
to do the least harm to them or any other persons, nor were they 
able to effect it if they had such a design. But after this says M r . 
Bernard ' ' it was reported that the insurrection was postponed till 
the 18 th . of March" the idea is still kept up of a designed insurrec- 
tion, how else could it be postponed and " two Persons says he, 
one of them M r . Paxton a Commissioner was mentioned as devoted 
to the resentment of a Mob " It is strange no Person should 
have heard of all this but the Governor and his Informers for he 
tells his Lordship that " he took all the pains he cuuld to discover 
the truth of this Report ; " and " on the very day before he spoke 
with [183. J The most knowing Men he could procure," who had 
heard nothing about the matter. At length however " late in the 
Evening he had certain advice that the Effigies were prepared, but 
it was too late to do any thing, & his information was of that 
nature, he could not make use of it in public " To induce his 
Lordship however to believe that the Reports of the Insurrection 
which was postponed to the 18 of March, with every circumstance 
as Just now related, were well grounded, he tells him as if it was 
designed to be the prelude to the whole, that " early in the Morn- 
ing the Sheriff infoniK-d him that the Effigies of M r . Paxton and 
M r . Williams were in truth hanging upon Liberty Tree ! " There 
was in the time of it a strong sus|>k-ian in the minds of many that 
their Effigies were hung up by som^ particular persona on that day 
(which was to be observed as a day of festivity) with a design to 
give a colouring to Just such a representation as Governor Bernard 



306 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

now makes. There are persons bore capable of playing such a 
game ; and there are some circumstances which make it appear 
that such a suspician was not groundless Particularly it is difficult 
to account for Governor Bernards neglecting to give orders to pre- 
vent their being hung up after he certainly knew it was intended ; 
and that he should pretend it was too late the Evening before ; but 
especially his not chusing to make use of his information, or it 
may rather be supposed his Informants name in public, unless it 
was thro' fear of discovering the plot, is dark and unaccountable 
if there was a design of this nature it must have been truly 
mortifying to those who were in the street, that the design was ho 
soon frustrated ; For before the Governor could meet his Council, 
which he had prudently " the day before summoned to meet " and 
while he was " sending round to get them together as soon as 
possible it might be ; amidst all these careful preparations, the 
Effigies says the Governor " were taken down by some of the 
Neighbours without opposition " ! There being thus, perhaps unex- 
pectedly, taken down, is sufficient to evence the good disposition 
of the Inhabitants in general : That they were not in the plan of 
an insurrection, whoever else might be, and that the Governor there- 
fore might with safety, if he had been so inclined make use of his 
information in public It might possibly indeed have totally 
overthrown his design in writing this very Letter to his Lordship. 
[184.] But the best improvement is to be made of every 
appearance: Accordingly the Governor hastens to his G -until, 
who were then met agreable to his appointment the I'ay before, 
and there he tells his Lordship he " set forth in strong terms the 
atrociousness of this insult ; the danger of its being followed by 
actual violence, and the necessity there was of providing for the 
peace of the Town" However attrocious the insult might be, 
where could be the danger of its being followed with actual 
violence, when some of the Inhabitants themselves had taken 
down the Effigies, with at least the tacit consent of the whole 
Community ; for it was done without the opposition expected, 
perhaps hoped for; And what necessity of providing for the peace 
of the Town, when the people already discovered so peaceable a 
disposition. It would doubtless have pleased the Governor well, 
if his Council had advised to some severe measures ; such as might 
have afforded a former foundation for him to have represented the 
Town upon the eve of an insurrection, than groundless reports and 
informations, from his own pimps which it was not prudent for him 
to make use of in public. But "' all he could say " to that purpose 
tho' he strove hard for it " made no impression on the Council " 
They say he " persevered in treating the affair as of no conse- 
quence," as well they might ; for its questionable after all, whether 
there was the least apprehension then of any communication even 
in the mind of the Governor himself whatever was his pretensions. 
The Commissioners however took this opportunity of "setting 
forth the danger they apprehended ; " and the Governor, very 
readily no doubt, took the occasion to acquaint the Kings Minister, 
that he had received a Letter from the Commissioners " desiring 
the protection of the Government" 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 17(59. 307 

M r . Bernard proceeds in his Narrative, and entertains his 
Lordship with a very minute account of the celebration of the 
Anniversary of the repeal of the Stamp Act; and u the terrible 
night it produced " to M r . Burch one of the Commissioners and 
his Lady & Children who had moved to his House for safety ; " to 
the Luivetenaut Governor and the Sheriff of the County who were 
also with him " [185.] And in fine to all " those who thought 
themselves Objects of the popular Fury." It may be here ob- 
served as in general true, that no Man has reason to fear ths 
popular fury, but he who is conscious to himself of having done 
that which has exposed him to their Just resentment The Gov- 
ernor himself owns that " the Selectmen of the Town " and '" some 
others " and even the Gentlemen who dined at two Taverns near 
the Townhouse upon the occasion of the day " took great pains 
that the festivity should not produce a Riot." There is no reason 
to suppose this was mentioned for the sake of giving a credit to 
any of those Gentlemen, but rather to insinuate that the People 
were so outrageously disposed as that they could not be restrained 
even by their own Leaders; for most of those whom the Governor 
has honoured with that character were present. The truth is none 
of them were apprehensive that their festivity would produce a 
riot ; but they were careful to prevent the lighting a Bonfire, 
because the Governor had constantly represented that as " the 
signal for a Mob ; " and the Joys of the Evening among the lower 
sort which however innocent are sometimes noisy, would of course 
be represented as riotous. And thus he did in fact represent it to 
his Lordship for he tells him that " many hundreds of People of 
all kinds sexes and ages, paraded the streets with yells and out- 
crys That they " invested M r . Williams House " That " at 
two different times about midnight they made outcrys about M r . 
Paxtons house." And tho' after all he owns it was ' out of mere 
wantonness " yet he says the whole made it a terrible night." 
This is painting indeed, much beyond the life : But M r . Bernard 
has the art in perfection. He could not however perswade even 
General Gage, to give it such a colouring ; for the General in his 
letter to Lord Hillsborough dated Boston the 31 st . of October 
176*. tells his Lordship quite otherwise; and that "according to 
the best information he had been able to procure, the disturbance 
in March (which was this very instance) far from being " terrible 
as the Governor represents it, was in truth " triffling." This being 
the account given by one of the principal servants of the Crown 
in America, and who has discovered himself far from being par- 
tial infivor of the Town, it is needless to add any thing further 
on this head Triffling as indeed this " disturbance" was, such 
improvements were made of it by Governor Bernard & others, 
that it occasioned the ordering two Regiments from llallifax to 
this Town for a purpose for which the military power was certainly 
never designed; [186.] A very dangerous purpose, and abhor- 
rent to the British Constitution and the spirit of a free Govern- 
ment, namely to support the Civil Authority A measure which 
has caused continual terror to his Majestys peaceable subjects 
here, and has been productive of more disturbance & confusion 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

than has been known in the memory of any now living, or than is 
recorded by any historian, even the most partial against this 

country. 

We shall now take notice of Governor Bernards Letter to the 
Enrl of II illsborough, dated Boston June It 1768, wherein he gives 
his Lordship an account " of a great riot that happened in this 
Town the proceeding Evening." and it must be confessed there 
was a riot on that evening, which is by no means to be Justified. 
It was however far from being so great a one as the Governor 
represents it to be The Collector and Comptroller of the Cus- 
toms indeed represent it as a "numerous Mob" but they being 
particularly interested, their fears might deceive them. It was 
not a numerous Mob ; nor was it of long continuance, neither was 
there much mischief done. It was occasioned by the unprecedented 
& lawful monner of seizing the Vessel by the Collector and Comp- 
troler: And considering their illegal proceedings in making the 
seizure, attended with the most irritating circumstances which 
occasioned the Mob the intolerably haught}' behavior which the 
Commissioners who ordered this seizure, had constantly before 
discovered toward the people the frequent threats which had 
been given out, that the Town should he put under a military gov- 
ernment, and the armed force actually imployed as a prelude to it, 
it cannot be wonder'd at, that in a populous Town, such high 
provocations, and the sudden exertion of lawful power, should 
excite the resentments of some persons beyond the bounds of 
reason, and cany them into excess. We cannot state the circum- 
stances of this affair with greater impartiality, than by reciting 
the Sentiments of his Majostys Council after two days enquiry and 
consideration, in their own expressions Viz*. "His Excellency 
having laid before the Board a representation of some transactions 
relating to and in consequence of the disorders in the town of 
Bostown on the evening of the 10 of June last, the Board [187.] 
The Board think it necessary in Justice to tJie Town and Province, 
and in vindication of themselve*, to make some observations 
thereon, and to give a fuller Representation than is contained in 
the paper laid before the Board. '' With regard to the said dis- 
orders it is to be observed that they were occasioned by the mak- 
ing a seizure (in a manner unprecedented) in the Town of Boston 
on the said tenth of June, a little before Sunset when a Vessel was 
seized by several of the Officers of the Customs ; and immediately 
after on a signal given by one of said Officers, in consequence of a 
preconcerted plan, several armed Bouts from the Romney Man of 
War took possession of her, cut her fasts and carried her from the 
Wharff where she lay into the Harbour, along side the Romney 
which occasioned a number of people to be collected, some of 
whom from the violence & unprecidentedness of the proceed u re 
with regard to the taking away of the said Vessel, & the reflec- 
tion thereby implyed upon the Inhabitants of the Town as disposed 
to rescue any seizure that might be made, took occasion to abuse 
& insult the said Officers, and afterwards to break some of the 
windows of their dwelling houses, and to commit other disorders. 
Now tho' the Board have the utmost abhorrence of all such disor 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 17G9. 309 

derly proceedings, and would by no means attempt to Justify 
them, they are obliged to mention the occasion of them, in order 
to shew, that however culpable the said disorderly persons were, 
the Officers who seized, or those by whose orders such unusual & 
violent measures as were pursued in seizing and taking away the 
said vessel, were not faultless : It being highly probable that no 
such disorders would have been committed if the vessel had not 
been with an armed force, and with many circumstances of insult 
and threats, carried away from the wharff." 

The Council further say, " with regard to what happened on the 
10 of June it seems to have sprung wholly from the persons who 
complain of it. by the plan laid and the orders given for making 
the Seizure aforesaid ; and carrying it away by an armed force. 
Which circumstances together with the time of day of seizing the 
Vessel, makes it seem probable that an uproar was hoped for and 
intended to be occasioned by the manner of proceedure in ranking 
the seizure." 

From this impartial state of the matter, it must [188.] Evi- 
dently appear to every candid mind, that the opposition was made, 
not at, all to the seizing of the Vessel by the Officers of the Cus- 
toms but wholly to the manner in which it was secured ; and that 
if it had been done in the usual manner as the Council afterwards 
said, " itwou'.d have remained secure in the hands of the Officers" 
this corresponds with the Commissioners own account; for they 
say in their letter to Governor Bernard, June 12 that they received 
a verbal message from the people to the following purpose, " that 
if the Sloop seized \v:is brought back to IP. Hancocks Wharff, 
upon security given to answer the prosecution, the Town might be 
kept quiet." But this pacifick proposal though brought to them as 
they acknowledge " by a person of credit," they expressly declare 
"appeared to them as a menace," and it was in fact one of their very 
reasons for requesting the Governor to give directions that they 
might be received into the Castle for protection So totally 
regardless wore they of the peace of the Town, and so excessively 
fond of being thought by others as important as they fancied 
themselves to be, that when this reasonable and timely proposal 
was brought to them even by a person of Credit in their own 
esteem, they haughtily reply'd " that they gave no answers to 
verbal rn/ssages " which plainly indicated either a wantonness of 
power in them beyond all bounds, or the hopes if not the intention 
of a further uproar. 

Governor Bernard tells his Lordship that this Riot " had very 
bad consequences," vvhk-h is undoubtedly true : The exaggerated 
accounts which he and the Commissioners gave of it to the Min- 
istry, and their taking occasion to represent ihe Town itself as in 
a state of disobedience to all law and authority, and indeed the 
whole Continent as ripe of a revolt, were attended with the worst 
of consequences to the Town. The Commissioners say in plain 
terms that'' there had been a long and extensive plan of resistance 
to the authority of Great Britain" and that " the Seizure referred 
to" had hastened the people of Boston to the commission of 
actual violence sooner than was intended." Such mflamatory 



310 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

representations as these had the effects which they had long wished 
for ; and induced the Ministry to order two other Regiments to this 
Town ; the consequence of which if they or any [189.] Of them 
are continued, it is to be feared, far from reconciling the people to 
the present measures of Administration, will only increase their 

discontent, and even alienate their Affections. 

The Governor in the Postscript to his Letter June 13 mentions 
his having intelligence from the Commissioners of some particulars 
from whence they concluded, that they were immediately exposed 
to further violences, and desired protection at the Castle This 
intelligence is contained in their letter of June 12 Just now 
mentioned, wherein they take upon themselves to charge the Gov- 
ernment with having used no measures for securing the peace of the 
Town, ulledging in general terms that " there was the strongest 
reason to expect further violences," and they further say, that " his 
Excellency himself had acquainted them that Bo ton was no place 
of safety for them" Here we see that the intelligence which the 
Governor represents to his Lordship as having been received by him 
from the Commissioners, he first communicated to them ; and there- 
upon they grounded their pretended fears in their Letter to him, and 
desire the protection of the Government. This is all of a peace, 
and may serve to explain the frequent rumors of an insurrection, 
mentioned in a former letter, and from what quarter these frequent 
rumours came. It shows the Combination, and the settled design, 
of the Governor and the Commissioners to blacken the character 
of the Town ; and how dexterously they can play into each other 
hands The Governor the next Day June 13 wrote to the Com- 
missioners, and acquainted them, that having communicated their 
Letter of the twelfth to the Council, they desired him to inform 
them that during the sitting of the Council on Satturday Morning, 
there was no reason at all given to expect further violences, and 
that there was no apprehension either in the Governor or the 
Council of an immediate danger." It is incumbent on the Gov- 
ernor or his friend if he has any, to reconcile this with what he 
had before told the Commissioners " that Boston was no place of 
safety for them." It seems Governor Bernard was perpetually 
teizing the Council with the Commissioners vague reports of an 
insurrection, and of the danger they were in ; and indeed it 
appears to be the main point in view to perswade the Council if 
possible into the belief of it, or if not, to form a complaint to the 
Ministry that they were negligent of their duty in not advising to 
proper measures for the [19O.] Protection of the Commissioners ; 
and from thence to enforce a necessity of military force to restore 
and support Government in Boston "Why did he not lay before 
the Governor the particulars which he tells his Lordship he had 
received from the Commissioners, from whence they concluded 
that ti:ey were exposed to further violences? This we hear nothing 
of ; perhaps the intelligence, like that which he mentions in a 
former Letter " was of such a nature as that he could not make 
use of it in publick." He indeed tells the Commissioners that he 
had informed the Council of their present apprehensions of further 
violences, and that they were then taking the same into consider- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 311 

ation. " But he should have fairly represented this matter to the 
Commissioners, and told them that the Council had already taken 
the same into consideration, and come to a conclusion as in fact 
they had ; for by their own minutes we find that " the matter 
being fully debated it appeared to the Board, that there was no 
immediate danger of fresh disturbances" they at the same time 
advised that the matter should be laid before the General Court 
then silting, and postponed the consideration of it by them as of 
Council to the Gocernor, till the effect of such a proposal should be 
known. All this the Governor knew ; how then could he consist- 
ently say they were then taking into consideration ? He tells Lord 
Hillsburrough that " he was against the business being laid before 
the General Court but was obliged to give it up" ; and that ''he 
had many objections to the measure." We knew very well that 
the drawing this matter into open daylight, would effectually defeat 
his design ; and that the intention of bringing the Council, if 
possible to Join with the Governor iu requiring the military force, 
or accusing them of negligence in case they did not, would thereby 
be intirely frustrated The removing the business to the General 
Court, he tells his Lordship was however, upon one consideration 
not " intirely to his dissatisfaction" for he says it was not then in 
a great measure " taken out of his hands " ; and he concludes that 
" as he cannot conduct this business as it ought to be, " or rather 
as he chose it should be, "it may be best for him to have but 
little hand in it." It may not be amiss here to recite the declar- 
ation of his Majestys Council at a full Board on the 29 th . of July, 
six Weeks after the Commissioners voluntary exile to the C'astle in 
consequence of these pretended apprehensions of [191.] Further 
violences. The Council say " the Commissioners were not obliged 
to quit the Town ; there never had been any insult ever offered to 
them ; their quitting the Town was a voluntary act of their own ; 
we do not apprehend there was any sufficient ground for their 
quitting it, and when they had quitted it, and were at the Castle, 
there was no occasion for Men of War to protect them." Such an 
authority will no doubt be deemed sufficient to vindicate the Town 
from this aspersion ; especially as the Council had then had time 
cooly to recollect the matter : As they had born their full testi- 
mony against the disorders, and taken every step which belonged 
to their department, to bring the Offenders to condign punishment : 
But more especially as that very Board had always before Sup- 
ported the Governors measures to the utmost extent that their 
consciences would allow, and many times against the general 
sentiments of the people, for which they had gained the Governors 
applause, and his particular recommendation to his Majestys 
Minister, and he himself could at this time have no other exception 
to any part of their conduct, but their opposition to his favorite 
plan to introduce a military Government int-> the Town, without 
the least colour of necessity, and thereby to break through the 
mounds, and tear up the very foundation of the civil consti- 
tution. 

The Governor in his Letter to Lord Hillsburrough of the 14 th 
June being resolved to give his Lordship an exact detail of every 



312 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

occurrance "from whence the most dangerous consequences are to 
be expected," take occasion to mention, " a paper stuck up on 
Liberty Tree" this paper he has said in his letter of the 13 con- 
tained " an invitation of the Sons of liberty to meet at six O'Clock 
to clear the land of the vermin which were come to devour them" 
A very innocent if not a laudable proposal, for which the Country 
should think itself obliged to them, to be sure if they could have 
effected their design. But in this letter it is called " a violent and 
virulent invitation to rise that night to clear the Country of the 
Commissioners and their Officers to avenge themselves of the Cus- 
tom house Officers, and put one of them to death ! " And still 
more alarming, " there were also some indecent threats against 
the Governor!" Could the Governor think that by the Vermin 
that were come to devour the land the3 r meant his Excellency and 
the Commissioners? But perhaps the mind of the [192.] Sheriff 
who brought this information to the Governor was some what 
agitated with the fears of an insurrection ; and moreover, we may 
presume that he had not seen the paper himself, but took it from 
report, in conformity to the example of the Governor, who be- 
lieved or pretended to believe every word of it, till he had the mor- 
tifying sight of the true contents of this very important paper ; of 
which the following as he at length tells his Lordship is ct an ex- 
act cop}"," viz'. Boston June 13 17C8 The Sons of liberty 
request all those who in this time of oppression and distraction 
wish well to and would promote the peace, good order and security 
of the Town and Province, to assemble at Liberty Hall under 
Liberty Tree on Tuesday the 14 Ins 1 ., at 10 OClock precisely. 
It might have been supposed that so harmless a thing would have 
given offence to none. In the first place the matters alledged in it 
were confessedly true: That this was a time of oppression, the 
people all felt: That it was a time of distraction, the Governor 
and the Commissioners loudly proclaimed : A design then at such 
a time to promote the peace good order & security of the Town, 
was at least unexceptionable. But the Governor complains that 
" it was not considered as an implication of clanger." Strange 
would it have been indeed if so salutary a proposal as the pro- 
moting the peace good order and security of the Town had been 
thus considered. " Neither, says he, was the impropriety of the 
sons of liberty appointing a meeting to secure the peace of the 
town, when the governor and council were sitting upon that busi- 
ness, and nerml>i to little purpose, taken much notice of." but surely 
if the Governor and Council could be supposed to be setting upon 
such Lupines*, at such a time, and seemly to little purpose, there 
could be no great impropriety in other peoples undertaking. But 
without adopting by any means the measure, is not here a striking 
instance 1 of the disposition of Governor Bernard, and some others 
to receive with the greatest avidity the most exaggerated accounts 
of every triffling occurrance that has happened, and without any 
enquh'y, to paint them to the Ministry in the deepest colours ! 
Behold a Meeting the professed design of which was to promote 
the peace, good order and security of the Town, and that in open 
day light, represented to the Kings Minister as a Meeting de- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 313 

signed to be held at Six O'Clock, near Sun-Set, in one letter ; and 
in another the next Day. " a most violent & virulent invitation 
to rise that night? and [193.] Clear the Country of the Commis- 
sioners, threaten the Governor and commit murder" ! Incon- 
sequence of which he tells the Council, there is " no time to en- 
quire into the particulars of the former riot." They are to be 
hurried to measures to provide for the peace (f the Town," and to 
prevent "new disturbances premeditated " and "immediately 
threatned ; " and his Lordship is \o be forthwith informed of 
it. Certainly every candid person will from hence be inclined to 
believe all that Governor Bernard relates to the prejudice of this 
Town, or any particular persons, with great discretion. 

His Letter of the 16 of June, for lie seemed to be almost every 
day emply'd in writing his " Detail " of common report*) gives 
the Earl of Hillsburrough an Account of " the Meeting at Liberty 
Tree in pursuance of the printed notice." And after entertaining 
his Lordship with a particular tho' awkward and inconsistent de- 
scription of the Tree, the vast height of the flag staff, and the 
design of hoisting the flag st^ff, and the design of hoisting the 
flag, namely " for a signal," which to be sure must be a discovery 
quite new to his Lordship, he proceeds to say ; that " at least 4000 
Men assembled," that " the principal Gentleman attended to en- 
gage the lower people to concur in measures lor peace & quiet." 
which was the professed end of their meeting that " one of 
the Selectman was chosen Moderator or Chairman" that they 
adjourned to the Town Hall" for the accommodation of so large 
a number. And there it being " objected that the}' were not a 
legal meeting " they adjourned to the Afternoon," he should have 
said, broke up; and the Selectmen instead of "legalizing the 
Assembly" as it is odly expressed, called a Town Meeting agre- 
able to the directions of the law, to meet in the Afternoon. All 
this was certainly an innocent proceeding, and the Governor him- 
self, it is presumed did not think otherwise, for it happens for 
once, that he makes no particular remarks upon it ; and if it 
should be said of them, that they met seemingly to little purpose, 
it might be said truly enough ; but it is to be remembred, that 
another Assembly, with their Chairman at their head, if the Gov- 
ernor's ludicrous account of the Meeting of that very respectable 
body could be credited, might in that respect keep them in coun- 
tenance. But innocent as it was, the Governor did not choose 
it should be thought that he viewed it in that light, and therefore 
told the Council, & his Lordship afterwards that " had it been 
the first business of the kind, he should have asked their advice, 
whether he should not send to the General for [194.] Troops: 
And to show his own excessive fondness for so arbitrary and 
violent a measure, he adds, that "he was ready to do it. if any 
one Gentleman would propose it" ! 

The Governor then proceeds to give a detail of the Meeting of 
the Town in the Afternoon ; in which he tells his Lordship that 
"man}- wild and violent proposals were made." It ought here to 
be observed that Governor Bernard constantly represents bodys of 
Men, even the most respectable, by proposals made by Individuals, 



'314 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

which have been misrepresented by Pimps and Parasites, and per- 
haps aggravated by himself, instead of allowing them to stand or 
fall by their own conclusions Can any thing be more base, more 
contrary to equity than this? What should we think of the most 
respectable Corporations at home What even of both Houses of 
Parliament, if they were to be Judged of by every motion that has 
b* A en made, or every expression that has dropped from Individuals 
in the warmth of debates? If it had been true that such proposals 
had been made, nay, if measures that could not have been alto- 
gether Justified, had been even adopted by the Town, at a time 
when every art had been practised to irritate the people and inflame 
their minds, the candid part of mankind would have been ready to 
overlook it. The Governor has often been observed to discover 
an aversion to free Assembles : No wonder then that he should 
be so particularly disgusted at a legal Meeting of the Town of 
Boston, where a noble freedom of speech is ever expected and 
maintained: An Assembly of which it may be Justly said, to 
borrow the language of the ancient Roman, with a little variation, 
Sentire quae volent el quae senticat dicere licet, Thoy think as they 
please, and speak as they think. Such an Assembly has ever 
been the dread often the scourge of Tyrants But these " wild 
and violent proposals," which no one can recollect but the 
Governor, and perhaps his Informers, it seems were " warded 
off," as the Governor is pleased to express it, from whence it may 
be supposed that prudence, directed at this Meeting, ''originated 
& composed as he says it was " By these expressions it is con- 
ceived, he would intimate to his Lordship that it was both illegal 
and tumultuous ; and if that was his real intention, the insinuation 
was both false & injurious. [195.] The Meeting was " origi- 
nated " as the law directs, and nothing was there concluded upon 
according to the Governors own account, but the appointment of a 
Committee, which he himself says " iu general was very respecta- 
ble," to wait on him " with a petition ; " the receiving his answer, as 
he is pleased to say, with k ' universal approbation" ! writing a letter 
to a friend, & voting such Instructions as they thought proper to 
their representatives, after which he tells his Lordship they k ' broke 
up quietly and the Meeting ended." But notwithstanding this 
quiet and as may be concluded by the Governors account of it, 
coalizing Town Meeting, which consisted of so large a number, and 
among whom he himself was so " popular" that even the Moderator 
declarer! that he really believed he was a well wisher to the Prov- 
ince," (Thus saith Governor Bernard, but no one remembers or 
believes it) yet all this will not avail to soften his mind or alter his 
intention. And altho' he tells his Lordship " the Romney and a 
Sloop of 1C Guns Just come in will compleat the command of all 
the approaches to the Castle, and other Ships of War are expected, 
so that the security of the Commissioners is effectually provided 
for " ; yet the favorite point will not be carried, till the long wished 
for Troops arrive, to enforce his arbitrary Designs, and suppress 
the spirit of liberty. And now is the time, if ever, to press the 
matter : Every hand therefore must be set to work, and nothing 
will serve the cause like continually holding up the Idea of an In- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 315 

surrection. Accordingly we find one of the Auxiliaries, whose 
Letter tho' anonimous, has credit enough to appear in the list laid 
before Parliament, says u It is my opinion that the promoters of 
the present evils are ready to unmnsk, and openly to discover their 
long and latent design to REBEL" and " involve this Coun- 
try in blood and horror! Another anonimous writer, who is said 
to be u well acquainted with the state of the Town of Boston," 
says, that " He observes a sourness in the minds ol the people in 
general, and adds, he that runs may read, that without speedy 
interposition a great storm will arise." The Collector and Comp- 
troller of the Customs mention with deep concern, as they affect to 
express themselves " that a general spirit of Insurrection prevails, 
not only in the Town, but throughout the whole Provinces." The 
Commissioners themselves in their letter to General Gage tell him 
" that it is utterly impossible to carry on the business [196.] Of 
the Revenue in Boston, from the outrageous behavior of the 
People" They acquaint the General "of the alarming state of 
things in the Town and desire him to give them protection." And 
tho' Governor Bernard when n<.t so much on his guard, or perhaps 
under some little compunction of mind in his letter to the Commis- 
sioners, June 13 gently chides them for their ill grounded fears, 
and tells them " he is very s->rry that they think themselves so 
much in danger in Boston (which he had before said was no place 
of safety for them.) as to think it unsafe for them to reside there " 
notwithstanding all this, yet in the letter we are now considering, 
which was written nearly at the same time, he possitively assures 
his Lordship that if there is not a REVOLT, the Leaders must falsify 
their words & change their purposes. Perhaps he would have 
been more consistent if he had imagined these letters would ever 
have Seen the light. He concludes his letter with mentioning a few 
more papers stuck up on the Town House. No evidence how- 
ever appeal's to have accompanied all these heavy charges upon a 
whole Community : But Governor Bernard and others seem to 
have conducted their proscriptions as if they could have even fore- 
seen, that the bold assertions of persons apparently inimical to a 
Country, auonimous Letters, Street conversation picked up by 
Pimps and Spies, and Papers stuck up by no one knows whom on 
a publick Building, would be of so much weight as to influence the 
measures of Administrations ! Can any Person believe this a Just 
representation, when Governor Bernard with all his Industry and 
aid has not been able to furnish proof that any Body or Combination 
of Men, or even a single Person had incurred a legal penalty, if we 
except the disturbances that happened on March and June already 

considered. 

The Governor in his letter of the 9 of July informs his Lordship 
of a manoeuvre, as he calls it, of the Sons of Liberty ; a number 
of them going out of Boston at the close of a certain day in par- 
ties, and meeting on each side of a House in Roxbury, which M r . 
Robinson (and his Lordship must be informed that he also was 
one of the Commissioners) had lately hired with an attention to 
surprize him and prevent his escape ; but he being at the Castle, 
where the Commissioners had been driven for safety, they did 



316 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

nothing but plunder his Fruit Trees. This is a very solemn ac- 
count indeed [197.] But he never laid this " mauoevre of the 
Sons of Liberty," extraordinary as it was, before the Council, 
which he never failed to do on like occasions ; thinking possibly, 
that respectable Bod} r might be of opinion, that a Gentleman of 
any political party may be supposed to have his Orchard or Fruit 
Gardens robbed by liquorish Boys, without making a formal rep- 
resentation before his Majestys first Minister of State. As the 
Governor will still have it that " the Commissioners were drioen to 
the Castle for suf<ty." we take occasion to observe here, that it 
was notorious, that they frequently landed on the Main, and made 
excursions into the Country ; visiting the Lieuv*. Governor and 
other Gentlemen at their Seats, where it would have been easy 
to have seized them if any injury had been intended them ; which 
as his Majestys Council very Justly have observed, " demonstrated 
the insincerity of their declarations," as it did those of the Gover- 
nor "that they immured themselves at the Castle for safety." 

Another part of the detail in this Letter is the Rescue of a 
Vessel which had been seized by the Custom house Officers. It 
seems by Governor Bernards Account, it had been " thought 
proper to try an experiment " for says he, " When the Sloop was 
Seized which occasioned the Riot, and in consequence of which the 
Commissioners were obliged to leave the Town, the greatest part 
of the resentment was expressed against the putting her under the 
care of the Man of War " which was very true, and he might have 
also said, the making the seizure with an armed force, and there- 
fore he adds, "when the Schooner was seized.it was left at the 
Wharff under no other care but two Custom house Officers," in 
hopeful, no doubt, if not certain expectation that the rescue would 
be made, from whence it might possibly be made to appear that 
the resentment against the proceedings of the Custom house 
Officers in the former instance, as being violent and illegal, was 
mere pretence The Rescue was made, and it was universally 
displeasing to the Town. The Governor says, "this very Molasses 
was the next day returned" and tells his Lordship that "the 
Selectmen of the Town sent for the Master of the Schooner," and 
"ordered him to return it under pain of the displeasure of the 
Town ; " which is a gross misrepresentation of the matter, and 
artfully designed for to prepare for the subsequent ungenerous 
remark that " all Government is now in the hands of the People." 
A good Majestrate would have rejoiced in this instance of the 
[198.] Peoples voluntarily affording their aid in the recovery of 
the Kings due which had been rescued from him, without torturing 
his invention to find an illuatured construction for it. But 
Governor Bern ird is disturbed that " the humor of the people" 
which he says this was done " to please " should ever coincide with 
their duty to the Sovereign The voluntary Association of the 
People to promote peace and good order, he had before said 
" carried an implication of danger" to the Government; and now 
when they seem to unite in taking measures for the execution of a 
law, although in its nature disagreable to the People, why truly 
" the Government is in the hands of the People, and not of those 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 317 

deputed by the King, or under his authority." But if the People 
had a view to save their own reputation in this peice of service to 
the Crown, as the Governor intimates surely he will not say it was 
" ill judged," or " ill timed." The truth is they had a particular 
view at this time to prevent Governor Bernard, improving the 
rescue, which they were in no sort concerned in, to the prejudice 
of the Town, as had been his constant practice in other cases and 
as it now evidently appears he intended : And it was certainly a 
wise precaution ; tho' a candid mind will by no means exclude any 
other good intentions. We cannot forbear taking notice herewith 
fieedom of a very extraordinary assertion of Governor Bernards 
in this letter to his Lordship, that " every seizure made, or at- 
tempted to be made on Land in Boston for these three Years past, 
before these two Instances had been violently rescued or pre- 
vented " An assertion so notoriously false, that few Men could 
have made it without blushing and we may suppose even Governor 
Bernard himself could not have made it had he apprehended it 
would ever have become publick.* The Offlcero of the Customs 
themselves will not venture to [199.] Affirm it. If the assertion 
is true, his Majestys Council must have been egregiously mistaken 
when they declare that " no instance can be Aleged of any Vessel 
seized, or any seizure whatever in the Town of Boston being res- 
cued out of the hands of the Officers, except what took place here 
on the 8 th . of July Instant, when a quantity of Molasses (this very 
Molasses) having been seized, was taken away from the Officers 
who had charge of it ; which unwarrantable proceeding being uni- 
versally condemned, the Molasses was very soon returned," As 
this base story was invented and told by Governor Bernard, with 
the sole intention of casting an odium upon the Town, we have 
reason to expect his retraction of it ; or he must bear the re- 
proaches of an highly injured Community, and the Just sensures 
of all impartial Men. After these false and injurious assertions, 
he thinks it a proper time to acquaint his Lordship, that the one 
Regiment which had the flattering expectation of, from a letter he 
had received from General Gage, " tho' it might secure the Castle 
would not be sufficient to awe the Town; which was in effect ask- 
ing for more. Thus we see the means which Governor Bernard 
and his Confederates have been incessantly using to accomplish 
their designs ; and strange as it may in some better times hereafter, 
these means and these very Instruments at length prevail'd to in- 
troduce a military power into the Town A power which is dayly 
trampling on our laws, contemning our Religeon, and invading the 
Rights both of Persons and property A power by which a truly 
loyal & but long abused and highly provoked Community, is not 

* It is remarkable that Governor Bernard not long before these letters were made 
public, expressed to a certain Gentleman, his earnest wish that y. people of this Prov- 
ince coukl have si sight of all his letters to the Ministry, being assured that they would 
thereby be fully convinced tbat he was a friend to the Province Indeed he'made a 
declaration to the same purpose in one of his publick speeches in the House of Rep- 
resentatives. Upou ye. arrival of the letters however, he discovered as some say a 
certain paleness, & complain'd of as a hardship that his letters wrote in confidence, 
should be exposed to the view of y e . Public A striking proof of the baseness, m 
well as the perfidy of his Heart. 



318 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

indeed awed but distressed And were it not for the certain 
advice, that our humble and dutiful supplications have at length 
reached the Royal hand, we should be reduced even to a state of 
desperation ! 

Governor Bernard in his letter to Lord Hillsburrough of the 
16 th . Septem r . begins with acquainting his Lordship with the prudent 
methods he took, to communicate the expectation of the Troops 
gradually for fear of certain ill effects that might arise from their 
sudden arrival. And no wonder that the Man who had long 
been representing a whole Country as REBELS ; & had been one of 
the principal Instruments in bringing such a curse upon it, should 
at that Juncture be under some apprehensions of danger 

[2OO.] In his last letter he talks of his personal courage and 
tells Lord Hillsburrough that " he did not feel his own firmness of 
mind to fail": He also mentions '"the spirited conduct of the 
I/ieuff. Governor; and with pleasure assures his Lordship that " he 
could depend upon his resolution and steadiness as much as he 
could upon his own" ; from whence he concludes that "there 
would be no want of a due enforcement of the laws to the correc- 
tion of the present abuses " But now he seems to be conscious 
of fear ! Happy was it for him, that he was in the hands of a 
People ; who attended to the dictates of sound policy, religeon and 
loyalty He first opens this matter to one of the Council, and 
tells him that " he had private advice that Troops were ordered 
hither, but that he had no public orders about it himself" ; and he 
observes that " it was quickly very thoroughly circulated all over 
the Town " and the Faction immediately took the alarm " By this 
he would insinuate that the better sort of the People and even the 
generality of the Town were well enough pleased with it. If the 
Faction only took the alarm, the generality of the Town must have 
been included in the Faction : For in troth] he had the mortifica- 
tion of setting the whole Body of the People, saving his own very 
few adherents who were properly an implacable Faction, thoroughly 
awakened and alarmed at the sudden expectation of a military 
force, which had indeed been often threntned by this Faction, but 
few realized it before And now the Pimps were all immediately 
sent out, who no doubt were rewarded in proportion to their suc- 
cess in the business ; and the Governor soon had intelligence 
brought to him of the conversation of "private Companies" And 
that in one " it was the general opinion to raise the Country and 
oppose the Troops"; in another "it was resolved to Surprize & 
take the Castle." How ridiculously impertinent must he appear in 
the Eyes of Men of sense, after all to acquaint his Lordship that 
" he does not relate these accounts as certain facts." To what 
purpose then did he relate them at all ! It seems that he was full 
as designing in communicating to Lord Hillsburrough, as he was 
in communicating to the People, tho' his designs were different: 
For the People were not to be told the whole that the Governor 
knew to be true ; but his Lordship was to be induced to [2O1.] 
Believe more : In either case if the purpose could be served, 
Sincerity was out of the question. Uncertain however as these 
Facts were, his Lordship was informed that they were yet 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 319 

u believed" ! Strange as they were said to be facts of yesterday, 
that no one, after all the pains that had been taken, could make 
them certain ; and if they were not to be made certain, stranger 
still that any in their senses should believe them. Some Men are 
very apt to believe what they wish to be true : This no doubt is the 
present case And besides we are to remember, that more than 
two Regiments were wanted to awe the Town; and if the Governor 
could boldly say, that these reports vague as they were, had 
obtained any credit here, no matter by whom believed, they 
would have some weight. But he must be presumed to think very 
injudiciously of the head or the heart of a Minister of State, to 
suppose that such an undigested and ridiculous account of things 
would influence his measures. Nothing we should think but the 
great candor which has ever appeared in Lord Hillsburrough 
towards Governor Bernard, could have prevented his severest 
sensure But admitting they were true, which was by no means 
the case, certainly the Town is not accountable for what one of his 
Excellencies Spies might have overheard in " a private Company." 
Let us then consider the account the Governor gives of the 
publick conduct of the Town, at a Meeting legally called on Mon- 
day September 12. And first he says, " at the Hall the Factioc 
appeared surrounded with all its Forces" ; and an appearance very 
decent at least, it seems they were capable of making according to 
the Governor's account. For he tells his Lordship, "a set of 
speeches, by the Chiefs of the Faction, and no one else followed in 
such order & method, that every thing both as to matter and order 
seemed to have been preconcerted ;" while alas! the "very few 
principal Gentlemen there," the better sort in the Governor's esti- 
mation, appeared "as curious perhaps anxious Spectators"! 
Where is now the little remains of an expiring Faction, which he 
had so often told the World of? The tone is wonderfully altered ; 
the Body of the People are now truly represented as united firm 
and regular in their opposition to his measures, while his own/eto 
Partizans, [2O2.] Who yet must be stiled " the principal Gentle- 
men," tho' expecting every moment to be " surrounded with all 
their Forces," appeared inquisitive and anxious for the event ! But 
nothing was resolved upon, says the Governor, but to put two 
questions to me, and appoint a general Committee to consider 
and report." The main question to the Governor was. Whether 
he had certain expectation of the Troops? To which he answered 
with an artful ambiguity, that he had private advice, but no pub- 
lick orders about it. His private advice might have been certain; 
or he might have had authentic^ public advice, without public 
orders about it, for General Gage was Commander in Chief of the 
Kings Forces. Being however somewhat pressed by the Com- 
mittee who waited on him, he discovered a duplicity for which he 
has a peculiar tallent, and said that he would not have the Town 
certainly expect the Troops ; altho' lie then expected them himself, 
& fully believed they were on their passage from Hallifax, and 
in this letter to Lord Hillsburrough he tells him, that it was at 
that very time his attention to communicate these expectations of 
them gradually His account of diverse speeches made in the 



320 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Town Meeting is as uncertain, and with regard to some of them as 
untrue, as the intelligence he had received of the private conversa- 
tion : Perhaps it was carried to him by the same hands, as some of 
his principal Gentlemen were there. The Resolves and deter- 
minations of this Meeting, as the Governor says, were published 
to the World ; and they remain on the Records of the Town that 
Posterity may Judge of them. The Town has Seen no reason 
since to revoke these Resolves, notwithstanding they have been 
sentenced as " very dangerous Resolves procured by mad People," 
by so exquisite a Judge in matters which regard Civil Govern- 
ment, as well as so polite a Gentleman as General Gage. The 
Governor himself has been since respectfnlly requested by the 
Selectmen, in behalf of the Town to shew in what respect the Re- 
solves & proceedings of this very Meeting had militated with law ; 
but he declined it, because he was notable to do it. Spirited in- 
deed they were, but not too spirited for the times When the 
Constitution, threatned is the principles of the [2O3.] Constitution 
must if ever be asserted and supported the Governor indeed 
takes notice of our claim to a certain clause in the Bill of Rights 
as "a large stride" But as we are free British Subjects, we 
claim all that security against arbitrary power, to which we are 
entitled by the Law of God, and nature as well as the British 
Constitution. And if a standing Army may not be posted upon 
the Subject in one part of the Empire in a time of peace, without 
their consent, there can be no reason why it should in any other ; 

for all British Subjects are or ought to be alike free. 

The Governor in a former letter to Lord Hillsburrough men- 
tioned the Selectmens ordering the Arms belonging to the Town 
to be brought out and cleaned ; and to make something of the 
story, he told him that " that they were exposed some hours at 
the Town House": In this letter he says ' ; these Arms were de- 
posited in Chests, and laid upon the floor of the Town Hall to 
remind the People of the use of them Could any one besides Gov- 
ernor Bernard, descend to so pittiful an artifice as to insinuate that 
these Arms were cleaned, exposed to the People, and finally laid on 
the floor of the Hall at this Juncture, to induce his Lordship to 
believe, that these were the Forces with which the Faction 
appeared " surrounded," and that the Selectmen who are the 
principal City Majestrates, and the leading part of the Town 
itself, were actually in the plan which he had Just before men- 
tioned, as concerted in one of the private Meetings " to raise the 
Country and oppose the Troops " ; And that these Arms deposited 
in Chests were laid on the floor of the Hall " to remind the People 
of the use of them " , and inspirit them for the purpose of 
opposing the Troops. Whereas the simple truth of the matter is, 
these Arms had for many Years been deposited in Chests and laid 
on the floor of the Town Hall ; but the Hall itself being burnt a 
few Years ago, the Arms were saved from the Ruins and carried 
to the Town House : After the Hall was Rebuilt the Town ordered 
their removal there ; and tho' it happened to be done at a Juncture 
when the Governor and his Confederates talked much of the 
Towns revolting, there was no other thought in the minds of any, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 321 

except the Governor and a few more, and it is a question whether 
even he, or they, really thought otherwise, but to lodge them in 
their usual & proper place [2O4.] We cannot help taking notice 
how very exact the Governor sometimes is even in the choice of 
words, in his " detail of facts" to a Minister of a state: An in- 
stance of which we have now before us, wherein he mentions to 
his Lordship his inclosing " a blank Copy of the Precept (as he is 
pleased to call it) which the Selectmen have used," it is a wonder 
it was not issued, for that would have made it appear more/o?-wai 
" in calling together the Convention " ; from whence be takes 
occasion to say it was "a daring assumption of the Royal au- 
thority." Here then is the treason and misprision of treason, or a 
part of it at least, about which there has been such tin eclat of 
late ; for which the Governor tells his Lordship in this detai 1 of 
the Convention every well wisher of the Province, of whom he is 
doubtless one, " most devoutly desires the Charter may be for- 
feited " and some of the Leaders were to be sent to England to 
be tried there Nay his Lordship or some one of his Majestys 
Servants is informed that they expected it themselves for Com- 
mander Hood in one of his short & pithy Epistles, says, "they 
were alarm'd and expected nothing less th;in a Voyage to England 
against their inclinations," but his Lordships deep penetration 
might have discovered that this " Precept to call a Convention " 
was nothing more than & friendly circular letter to the Selectmen 
of the several Towns in the Province desiring them to propose to 
their respective Towns the sending a Committees, to Join with 
those of the Town of Boston, in consulting measures to promote 
peace and good order ; which was so far from an assumption of 
the Royal authority, that it assumed not the least shadow of any 
authority whatever This very innocent measure of the Town in 
" calling together a Convention " as the Governor expresses it, 
which he so highly sensures, and upon the promoters of which 
he loudly calls for the National venegeance, was most certainly 
attended with all the happy effects for which it was proposed : 
For the general sentiments of the Province was thereby Collected, 
which could not otherwise have been done ; the Governor having 
arbitrarily dissolved the General Assembly, and positively refused 
to call another, against the dutiful Petition of the Convention 
itself, as well as of the Town [2O5.] Even before they proposed 
or thought of it The Several Towns having an opportunity of 
conferring together by their Committees, had the same effects 
which followed a certain circular letter, which formerly so per- 
plexed his Excellency ; for the People became the more united in the 
measures proper to be taken for the preservation of their common 
rights at so critical and alarming a Juncture. And tho' the Gov- 
ernor says " at the Fountain head it was intended to provoke 
resentment," yet to this very measure have been imputed, in some 
small degree very Justly or not, it becomes not this Town to say, 
that prudence as well as fernmess anil perseverance in the cause 
of liberty, of which it is hoped this Country will ever avail itself, 
even Governor Bernard cannot but own that the Convention dis- 
covered "moderation" and a " temperate conduct," which is far 



322 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

from being inconsistent with true fortitude : But he is not willing 
that the Town of Boston should " assume the merit of it." They 
are very far from a disposition thus to assume : They are content 
to have that share of merit which their beloved Country Men are 
willing they should have. And tho' he would insinuate to his Lord- 
ship with his usual cunning, that there was at the Convention an 
essential difference of sentiments between the Town and the 
Country ; and that " many of the Deputies came down with a 
disposition and Instructions to prevent the Bostoners (as he 
elegantly expresses himself) involving the Province in the con- 
sequences of their own mad devises " ; and that many of them 
" were from the begining sensible of the impropriety and danger 
of this proceeding," his Lordship as they printed what they did, 
has no doubt been since convinced, that they were united in their 
Sentiments of the common cause 

But this very peaceable proposal, the Governor thinks exceeded 
the " Great Rebellion when it was at the highest, and the con- 
fusion arising therefrom most urgent for some extraordinary 
measures." Here is the burden of the Song extraordinary 
measures! And surely his Lordship must propose some very 
extraordinary measures to chastise a greater than the great Rebel- 
lion, even when it was at the highest Not content with pouring 
forth this torrent of Zeal, the Governor still presses upon his 
Lordship; and assures him that " unless it is prevented by some 
power without, not only the [2O6.] Crown Officers, will be 
excluded, but every ingredient of Royalty " in the Government of 
the Province will totally be destroyed What Rhetorick ! to 
arrest his Lordships attention, and hurry him on to conclude with 
the Governor, that " the force already ordered by General Gage 
viz*. two Regiments will not be sufficient." In order still to 
heighten the Ideas of an intended Rebellion, the Governor adds 
" it is now a great question whether the Kings Troops will be suf- 
fered to enter the Town or not." And " the design against the 
Castle is now so well known that it is probable that the very 
names of the People who were enrolled for that service to the 
number of five hundred, or of the Chiefs of them will be dis- 
covered." It is pritty remarkable the Governor in the former 
part of this letter informed hi.s Lordship, that he did not relate 
this very account as a certain fact ; his Spies must then make very 
quick rotations, and the intelligence flow in very fast, to be so 
well assured of it before he concluded ; or the Governor must be 
so unfortunate, perhaps not having time in the multiplicity of his 
affairs, to keep a regular diary, as to forget what he had wrote, 
and as we now and then find it happens, in the " overflowings" of 
his Zeale, to be inconsistent with himself. 

It would be an endless task to take particular notice of every false 
and injurious representation contained in the voluminous Letters.* 

* Indeed it might be said the whole world would not contain all the remarks that 
might be Justly made upon them. One instance however seems to be overlook'd by 
the Town, and as it is an instance of importance, it is hoped, its being noticed in the 
margin will not be thought amiss. The Governor ai'ter having prevail'd on the 
Council, at a very thin Board, and by a majority of one only out of eleven Gentlemen 
present, to advise to the clearing of the Manufactory House in Boston, for the recep- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 323 

No one can read them without being astonished at seeing a Person 
in so important a department as Governor Bernard sustained, 
[2O7.] Defending in his Letters to a Minister of .State to 
such trifling Circumstances and such slanderous chit-chat : Boast- 
ing, as he does in one of his Letters of his over-reaching those 
with whom he was transacting public business ; and in order to 
prejudice the most respectable Bodys, meanly felchhtg from 
Individuals belonging to those Bodies, what had been drop'd 
in the course of Business or Debate : Journalizing every idle 
Report brought to him, and in short acting the part of a 

tion of A part of the two Irish Regiments then expected, in his letter to Lord Hills- 
burrough of Novem* I 8 ' he gives him an account of the steps he had ordered for the 
removal of the Families out of the House. And it seems that the Governor, by a 
power which he had assumed, appointed the Sheriff and two of his Deputies, Baliffs 
for the Governor and Council for the purpose ; These Families however, refused to 
submit to such, authority even Iho" the Chief Justice himself condescended, to go with 
the Sheriff, and advised them to give up the House. The Sheriff upon the third 
attempt says the Governor, "finding the Window opened entred; upon, which 
[207.] The People gathered about him and shut him up; he then made a signal 
to an Officer who was without, who brought a party of Soldiers, who took possession 
of the Yard of the Building, and relieved the Sheriff from his confinement " This 
is the Governors account of the matter; but others give a very different account of it, 
and say that the Sheriff attempted &forceable entry, and was resisted by the People 
within the house ; and by them only : Certain it is that one of them commenced an 
action of trespass against the Sheriff ; but what became of the Action the Records of 
the Court of Common Pleas will best shew : It is also certain that an Officer a military 
Officer, was without and at liand; and upon a signal from the Sheriff, brought a 
party of Soldiers, the whole Regiment being then incamped in sight on the Common 
and the Soldiers (uot the Inhabitants as the Governor asserts) " kept the House 
blockaded all that Day and best part of the next." It is further certain and it may be 
attested by the oaths of several persons of credit that offers were made to the Sheriff, 
of sufficient aid in the legal execution of his Office, if he would dismiss the Troops; 
illegal steps being at the same time excepted against Great numbers of people dur- 
ing the Siege as it may be properly called, were collected in the Street, which is as 
spacious as in any part of the Town, but the Governor owns they did no mischief: 
He indeed represents it in his usual manner as a GREAT MOB assembled with some of 
the Chiefs of the Faction, intimating thereby as in his former letters " an intended in- 
surrection : " The General on the other hand says the matter " occasioned a little 
disturbance of no consequence " ; but takes care to add, that " it served to show a 
most obstinate spirit of opposition to every measure of Government" The Governor 
further says, the Inhabitants " were very abusive to the Soldiers " : The contrary 
is most certainly and notoriously true. He says also that " the Soldiers were with- 
drawn on the Evening of the second Day " : So far is this from truth, that the GuanJ 
of Soldiers, to whose custody the Sheriff committed the Cellar of the House, which he 
had got the possession of, kept their post a much longer time; and application was 
made to diverse of his Majestys Justices of the Peace for their removed by the force of 
law near three weeks after. And again the Governor says, that " this Building [208.] 
Was kept filled with the outcast of the workhouse, to prevent its being used for the 
accommodation of the Kings Troops "; which is contradicted by the Oaths of all the 
Overseers of the poor, who must have known it had it been true, for the care and Gov- 
ernment of the Work-House is by law vested in them. The truth is the people 
gathered upon this extraordinary occasion, but were very peaceable ; some few it muy 
be to cany intelligence to the Governor, but by far the greater part, from a Just 
abhorrence of this measure^ of Government, to borrow the general expression, and an 
anxiety for the event of this first open and avoui'd effort of Military TYKKANY ! The 
Governor declares, that the Council who were alarmed at the violence of this proceed- 
ing, must have known that the Entry "could not have been made without./orce," and 
he sufficiently explain what sort of force be meant in the reason he gives why the 
Soldiers were withdrawn for that time, which was because " the Building was not im- 
mediately wanted," the Irish Regiment for whom it was designed as was pretended Not 
[2O9.] being yet arrived Perhaps the Governor gives this circumstantial account to 
his Lordship to confirm what he had before said, that " Two Regiments were not suf- 
ficient to AWE THE TOWN This attack upon the security of the Peoples Dwelling- 
Houses, was as violent as has ever been known even under the most despolick Govern- 
ments, tho' happily it proved unsuccessful. This is one of the bright glories of 
BERNARDS Administration : He who with so much readiness & exact propriety afforded 
the aid of his advice, and PREJUDGED the matter, claims however his sham in the 
Auuals of fame. 



324 CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 

Pimp rather than a Governor. As these Letters being 
now made publick, will be a Monument of disgrace to him, 
it cannot be supposed, that any honor can be derived from 
them, to those great Men to whom they were addressed, not- 
withstanding the Town have been obliged in Justice [208.] Jus- 
tice to themselves ; to say this much in their own vindication, we 
should be yet be glad that the ancient and happy union between 
Great Britain and this Country, which Governor Bernard has so 
industriously laboured to interrupt, might be restored. Some have 
indeed flatter'd themselves with the prospect of it ; as intelligence 
is said to have been received from Administration, that all the 
Revenue Acts would be repeated : But as it since appears by 
Lord Hillsburroughs own account, that nothing more is intended, 
than the taking off the dutys on Paper, Glass, and Painters colours, 
upon commercial principles only ; if that is all it will not give sat- 
isfaction : It will not even relieve the trade from the burdens it 
labours under ; much less will it remove the grounds of the discon- 
tent, which runs ihro' the Continent, upon much higher principles. 
Their Rights are invaded by these Acts ; therefore untill they are 
all repealed, the cause of their Just complaints cannot be removed : 
In short the Grievances which lie heavily upon us we shall never 
think redressed, till every Act passed by the British Parliament for 
the express purpose of raising a Revenue upon us without our con- 
sent is repealed ; till the American Board of Commissioners of the 
Customs is dissolved ; the Troops recalled, and things restored to 
the state they were in before the late extraordinary measures of 

Administration took place. 

[2O9.] Besides these Letters of Governor Bernard, we find 
others written by General Gage and Commodore Hood. And we 
cannot but observe that altho' these Gentlemen were perfect 
Strangers in the Town, they have yet taken such extraordinary 
freedoms, and the General in particular has wrote in such a posi- 
tive strain, as must unavoidably give high disgust to every Reader 
of candor and impartiality. If these Gentlemen received the 
character of the Town, or of an}' of its Individuals, from Governor 
Bernard as we are ready to think they did, they must have been 
long before convinced, if they knew any thing at all of the state 
of the Town, that the Governor was too deeply interested in 
misrepresenting, to be credited in a point of that importance ; and 
therefore common Justice would have dictated a suspension of 
their public testimony to the prejudice of a Community, till they 
could have had the opportunity of doing it upon impartial enquiry, 
or their own observation The General seems to have early im- 
bib'd some sort of prejudice against a Town, that had been before 
prejudiced in his favor : For the Governor in one of his Letters to 
Lord Hillsburrough acquaints him, that the General tl had sent 
Cap 1 . Montresor from New York to assist the Forces as Enginier, 
and enable them to RECOVER and maintain the Castle and such 
other Posts as they could secure," upon intelligence that the 
People in and about Boston had revolted. Now even the Gov- 
ernor himself declares this to be a mistake, and says that things 
were not " quite so bad as that came to." As there are two con- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1769. 325 

slant and regular Posts between this Town & N York, each of 
which carrys intelligence from the one to the other in the course 
of a week ; and more especially as he might reasonably expect 
authentick accounts of a matter of such importance, by express in 
a shorter time ; it is strange if the Generals mind was unbiassed, 
that he should so strongly rely upon private advice, as to form his 
measures from them, which the Governor [21O.] Asserts It 
was a measure of importance, as it issued to the Town ; for Coll . 
Dalrymple who had the Command of the Regiments, from the 
authority of these new orders, as the Governor declares, thought 
proper to alter the plan, which was to land only one, and landed 
both the Regiments in Boston without loss of time. Perhaps it 
was under the impression of these private advices, and the Narra- 
tive of the proceedings of the Town Meeting, which the Governor 
also mentions as influential on the Generals measures, and which 
possibly was a Narrative of the Governors own writing, that so 
wrought upon the Generals imagination, as to induce him to give 
his opinion to his Lordship, that the "intentions of the Town 
were suspicious, and that he was happy the Troops from Hallifax 
arrived at the time the}' did ! " These and many such like unpro- 
voked expressions are to be found in the Letters of both of these 
Gentlemen, and especially the Generals ; but as they partake of a 
full portion of the spirit of Governor Bernards and as the sense of 
this Province fully appears in the late spirited Resolves of the 
House of Representatives, we shall avoid troubling the Publick 
with particular Remarks upon them, and to borrow an expression 
of great authority, " treat them with the contempt they de- 
serve 

[NOTE. The volume is closed at this point, being the last date 
in the year 1769. It will be noted that original pages 206, 207, 
208, and 209 contain a long foot-note, so arranged in the manu- 
script volume. W. H. W.J 



INDEX TO NAMES. 



Abbott, 163. 

Adams, 8, 19, 21, 23, 26, 33, 36, 43, 50, 51, 59, 
66, 67, 81, 92, 95, 97, 103, 108, HO, 116, 
1:54, 143, 150, 152, 154, 157, 158, 159, 160, 
161, 167, 170, 172, 174, 176, 177, 182, 187, 
189, 195, 198, 199, 201, 2')2, 208, 210, 211, 
218, 233, 239, 241, 242, 243, 245, 249, 254, 
255, 257, 260, '263, 267, 268, 271, 272, 273, 
278, 279, 285, 297, 300, 301. 

Alford, 100. 
f Allen, 19, 27, 39, 69, 132, 166, 167, 234. 

J Allin, 268. 

1 Alline, 203. 
I. Allyne, 82, 108. 

Alley, Hog, 97, 99. 

Alliu, see Allen. 

Alline, see Allen. 

Allyne, see Allen. 

America, 153, 154, 155, 175, 176, 186, 191, 194, 
243, 244, 257, 259, 286, 287, 288, 
297, 29*, 299, 307. 
British, 153. 

North, 175, 177, 178, 182, 183, 227, 
287, 289. 

Amory, 18, 30, 196, 199, 290. 

Anderson, 164. . 

Andrew, 132. 

Andrews, 82, 105, 109, 13'.', 166, 204, 209, 235, 
267. 

Andross, 173. 

Appleton, 131. 

Arnold, 267. 

Askine, 36. 

Atkins, 15. 

Aut;hmuty, 24, 26, 103. 

Austin, 2', 4, 10, 16, 17, 31, 35, 44, 47, 48, 65, 
H6, 69, 78, 79, 83, 96, 104, 107, 112, 114, 
130, 135, 139, 142, 162, 163, 164, 181, 197, 
221, 239, 245, 285. 

Avery, 10, 48, 60, 78, 85, 87, 98, 134, 145, 162, 
163, 172, 180, -234. 

Bacon, 83, 109. 

Baker, 96, 106, 133, 198, 199, 224, 236, 239. 

t Bailey, 3, 34. 

t Liayley, 18, 50, 82, 207, 289. 
Balch, 199. 
Ballard, 4, 19, 172, 196, 209, 214, 239, 266, 

290. 

Bangs, 132, 166, 204, 235, 269. 
Bant, 131. 

I Barber, 290. 

( Barbour, 133, 164, 198, 239, 242, 267. 
Barker, 2, 270. 

Barnard, 4, 19, 35, 36, 49, 50, 70. 
Barnett, 117. 
Barr, 212. 

) Barrat, 32, 34, 47. 
Barratt, 18, 47, 56, 79, 105, 106, 130. 
Barret, 232, 241, 282. 
Barrett, 1, 7, 16, 82, 126, 153, 163, 200, 207, 
222, 203, 234, 239, 248, 250, 266, 267, 
273, 294. 
[ Barrot, 66. 

{ Barre, 157, 206, 207, 212, 218, 298. 
' Barree, 177, 178, 274, 299, 300, 301. 
( Barry, 256. 
Barrell, 267. 
Barret, see Barrat. 



Barrett, see Barrat. 
Barrick, 198. 
Barrot, see Barrat. 
Barry, see Barree. 
Bartlett, 236. 
Battery March, 214. 
Battery, North, 144, 151, 189. 

South, 42. 
Baves, 290. 

Baxter, 19, 83, 109, 132, 166, 204, 235, 209. 
Bayley, sec Bailey. 
< Beautineau, 85, 136, 145, 151, 181. 
j Boutineau,7, 11,23. 

Bolknap, 3, 18, 35, 50, 70, 82, 83, 107, 172, 266. 
Bell, 5. 

Bernard, 55, 161, 208, 235,242,257,260,261, 
267, 26J, 296, 297, 298, 299, 300, 303, 304, 
305, 306, 307, 303, 309, 310, 312, 313, 314, 
315, 316, 317, 318, 319, 320, 321, 323, 324, 
325. 

Berry, 198, 239. 

Bethune, 23, 85, 114, 115, 116, 126, 180, 210. 
Bill, 11. 

Bird, 3, 70, 81, 132, 207. 
Blair, 244, 245, 284. 
Blake, 35, 50, 96, 209. 
Blanchard, 70, 107, 131. 
I Blodget, 240. 
| Blodgett, 241, 252. 
Boardman, 81, 82, 163, 167, 207, 290. 
Bollan, 41, 43, 44, 297, 299, 303. 
Bond, 294. 

Bourn, 4, 32, 34, 45, 47, 53, 66, 80, 105, 130, 
153, 154, 163, 179, 197, 198, 199, 200, 208, 
219, 221, 222, 236, 238, 250, 254, 255, 289, 
293. 

t Bourne, 17, 47. 
Boutineau, see Beautineau. 
Bowdoin, 78, 181, 245, 284. 
Bowen, 245, 265, 284. 
Bowes, 34, 49, 165, 242. 
Bowman, 50. 
Box, 78. 
Boyer, 2, 69, 82, 96. 

Boyleston, 219. 

Boylston, 114, 154, 167, 207, 236, 246, 261, 270. 

Boylstone, 7, 199, 205. 
Boynton, 131. 
Bradford, 19, 21, 35, 51, 65, 68, 74, 81, 106, 

198, 207, 214, 233, 261, 266, 277. 
Bradley, 33. 

Braintree, 147, 279, 280, 281. 
Brattle, 95, 181, 234, 273. 
Brazier, 198. 
Breck, 83, 132, 204, 269. 
Brick, 109, 166, 235. 
Bridge, The, 241. 

Mill, 147, 281, 282, 294, 295. 
Neponsit, 46. 
Swing, 30, 58, 62. 
Bridgbam, 172, 199. 
Britain, 122, 155. 
Britian, North, 225. 
Brom field, 47, 48, 66, 80, 105, 130, 133, 134. 

Brown, 18,34, 35, 51, 68, 81, 83, 108, 131, 
140, 165, 189, 190, 203, 209, 231, 237, 268. 

Browne, 107. 
Bruce, 270. 
Bryant, 137. 



328 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 



< Bultinch, 117, 234. 

I Bullfinch, 181, 269. 
Burch, 305, 307. 
Burden, 280. 

Burial Place, South, 24, 27. 
Burt, 110. 
Butler, 2ti9. 
Butt, 70. 
Button, 280. 

Byles, 22, 45, 49, 66, 81, 84, 88, 96, 107, 109, 
114, 133, 141, 181, 196, 208, 212, 245, 284. 

Calf, 50, 70, 242, 277. 
Campbell, 214. 
Candish, 18. 
4 Capon, 108. 
I Capon, 233. 
( Carey, 240. 
} Cary, 4. 
Carnes, 70, 83. 
Carolina, South, 31. 
Carter, 3, 185, 213, 242, 247, 271, 233. 
Cary, see Carey. 
| Casneau, 70. 
| Cazneau, 30. 
Cast, 181. 

Castle William, 181. 
Cazneau, see Casneau. 
Chamberlain, 46. 
I Ohampney, 166, 203, 207. 
I Champay, 234, 268. 
1 Chancey, 78. 
I Chansey, 114, 245. 
) Chauucey, 65, 96. 
(.Cbauncy, 162, 181,212. 
Chapman, 50, 55. 
Charity, 164. 

Charlestown, 226, 279, 280, 282, 289. 
Chase, 167, 199, 236, 270. 
Chauncey, see Chancey. 
Chauncy, see Chancey. 
Checkluy, 1, 40, 56, 78, 96, 114, 129, 142, 157, 

181,212,245. 

Cheever, 138, 163, 199, 233, 234, 246. 
Chelsea, 123, 2S2. 
Cherdon, 181. 
Child. 3, 170, 174. 

Church, 6, 21, 35, 51, 68, 81, 108, 117, 131, 151, 
158, 1t>5, 203, 226, 237, 241, 248, 254, 255, 
257, 268, 279. 
Church, Old Brick, 196. 

South, 253, 256. 
Clark, 66, 95, 114, 117, 174, 180, 198, 212, 

234, 240, 252, 267. 

Clarke, 3, 11, 23, 45, 69, 82, 133, 172. 
Cleirmeus, 237. 
Cleverly, 180, 199. 
I Cobbet, 167, 207. 
I Cobbit, 83. 
Cochran, 214. 

Coffin, 136, 142, 206, 217, 285. 
Cogswell, 81. 
Coke, 288. 
Colburn, 18. 
Collins, 2, 18, 34, 50, 51, 69, 82, 107, 108, 110, 

131, 132, 166, 203, 234, 268. 
Colonies, The British, 287. 
Colson, 165. 
Comer, 256. 

Common, The, 22, 24, 25, 42, 43, 5s), 75, 94, 97 
116, 146, 176, 185, 186, 207, 213, 217, 246, 
247, 272, 277, 283, 284, 323. 
Coney, 3. 
( Connecticut, 1, 31, 46, 65, 79, 104, 129, 142, 

162, 197, 232, 252, 260, 265, 294, 302. 
( Connecticutt, 10, 16. 
Conway, 157, 178, 179, 217, 218, 259. 
t Cook, 95, 222. 
| Cooke, 3. 

Cooper, 2, 5, 7, 10, 11, 17, 26, 33, 35, 45, 46, 48, 
60, 61, 62, 65, 68, 78, 79, 83, 96, 104, 107, 
113, 114, 135, 142, 162, 163, 181, 197, 198, 
212, 232, 233, 245, 248, 251, 259, 266, 269, 
273, 284. 



Copeland, 236. 

Copley, 267. 

Corbitt, 164. 

Cornish, 19. 

Cotta, 50. 70, 83, 109, 132, 166, 204, 235, 269. 

Cotton, 160, 189. 

County of Suffolk, 61, 77, 89, 148, 149, 160, 
161, 163, 187, 188. 

Court. Moon, 115. 

Cove, The, 100, 147, 279, 280, 281. 
Bendall's, 279, 281. 

Coverly, 5, 17. 

Cowell, 36, 88, 109, 132, 166, 204, 235, 269. 

Cradock, 45. 
( Craffts, 235. 
J Crafts, 3, 69, 82, 108, 131, 165, 166, 203, 269. 

Creek, The, 147. 

Mill, 248, 281. 

Cromby, 109. 

Crompston, 49. 

Crosby, 207, 222. 

Cross, 51. 

Cud worth, 161. 
| Cummings, 78. 
| Cummins, 96. 

Curaston, 6. 

Cunningham, 82, 107, 131, 138, 164, 200, 233, 
285, 293. 

Curtis, 3, 55, 70, 82, 83, 109, 133, 167, 204, 235, 
269. 

Cushing, 1, 9, 10, 13, 16, 20, 23, 31, 44, 46, 47, 
57, 65, 72, 73, 78, 79, 88, 96, 105, 106, 112, 
120, 134, 139, 141, 155, 159, 176, 177, 182, 
195, 211, 217, 221, 234, 245, 249, 254, 255, 
257, 260, 261, 263, 264, 272, 273, 278, 285, 
292, 296, 297, 300, 301. 

Cushman, 113. 

Cutler, 3, 18, 50, 70, 84, 110. 



Dnlrymple, 325. 
Dalton, 242, 250, 251. 

Dana, 11, 13, 23, 26, 29, 78, 95, 103, 116, 122, 
130, 145, 152, 180, 186, 225, 232, 234, 243, 
248, 254, 255, 257, 260, 261, 265, 272, 273, 
279, 294, 295, 296, 297, 301. 
Darrington, 67, bl. 
Dash wood, 301. 
Davis, 17, 35, 48, 53, 68, 83, 107, 135, 138, 207, 

221,285. 
Daw, 285. 

Dawes, 34, 49, 69, 171, 292. 
Daws, 82, 87, 97, 110, 133, 172, 196, 208, 209, 
2 '5, 2!6, 219, 233, 239, 241,242, 250, 'J67, 
(. 289, 293. 
Dawson, 19. 
Day, 112. 

Deberdt, 190, 191, 212, 255, 257, 272, 299. 
Deberts, 272. 
Dccoster, 171, 292. 
Demming, 80, 172. 
Dennie, 95. 
Deshon, 268. 
Dexter, 2, 33, 47, 66. 
Dock, The, 19, 48, 57. 58, 64, 65, 144. 

Town, 48, 58, 62. 
Dolbear, 47, 66, 79, 97, 105, 130, 163, 200, 

233, 266, 283. 

Dolbeare, 2, 7, 17, 24, 32, 45. 
Dorchester, -10, 46, 282. 
Dorrington, 49. 
Doubt, 117. 
Down, 133. 
Downe, 2, 8, 9, 14, 18, 34, 74, 82, 108, 114, 

131. 

Downing, 3. 
Dowse, 22, 95. 
Drowne, 171. 
Dudley, 288. 
Duncan, 234. 
Dunkerfleld, 70. 
Dupee, 3, 12, 20. 

Dyer, 3, 70, 83, 109, 132, 166, 203, 204, 233, 
235, 269. 



INDEX TO NAMES. 



329 



Eaton, 165. 
EayreB, 2, 18. 

Edes, 34, 82, 107, 130, 150, 158, 167, 300. 
Edmunds, 132, 166, 203, 234, 268. 
Edwards, 6, 21, 35, 50, 51 , 68, 74, 80, 96, 110, 
133, 199, 246, 285. 

t Elint, 26, 31, 45, 211, 245, 284. 

j Elliot, 78, 84, 96, 104, 114, 141, 181, 212. 
Ellis, 88, 109, 132, 166, 204, 235, 269. 
Emms, 84, 240. 
Empson, 288. 

England, 44, 175, 190, 193, 196, 258, 259, 262, 
287, 321. 

{ Erveing, 212. 

jErving, 11, 26, 95, 152, 153, 176,206,207, 

f 245, 234. 
Europe, 178. 

I Eustice, 18. 

) Enstis, 69. 
Evcleigb, 167. 
Evclcth, 2. 
Eyres, 269. 

Fairfield, 6, 21, 24, 35, 51, 68, 81, 87, 108, 131, 

165, 203, 237, 242, 268. 
Fallas, 6y. 
Faneuil, 139. 
Farmer. S3, 291. 
Fenno, 6, l;, 37, 52, 72, 85, 86, 112, 135, 167, 

205,237,271. 
Ferry, Charlestown, 8. 

Old Salutation, 195. 
Fessenden, 267. 
Fisher, 69, 96, 105. 
Fitch, 50, 107, 135, 138, 142. 
Flazg, 19, 236. 

Plaits, The, 89, 99, 100, 101, 196. 
Fleet, 49, 69. 
Fletcher, 69, 105, 240. 
Flogg, 199. 
Floyd, 86, 93. 
Flucker, 2, 7. 10, 16, 17, 23, 32, 36, 40, 45, 47, 

60, 85, 90, 1 14, 126, 136, 140, 141, 142, 153, 

ISO, 212, '245, 248, 284. 
Foot, 3. 

Ford, 2, 13, 34, 50, 69. 
Forsyth, 3, 18, 34, 82. 
Fortification, The, 68, 79, 189, 196, 208, 209, 

219. 

Foster, 2, 17, 24, 35, 114, 131, 142, 145, 267. 
Fowle, 236. 
Foye, 133. 
Franklin, 299. 
Frary, 170, 190. 
Freeman, 163. 

Gabriel, 198. 

Gage, 297, 299, 300, 303, 307, 315, 317, 319, 

3-20, 322, 324. 
Gardner, 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, 35, 50, 51, 60, 66, 70, 

79, 82, 105, 109, 117, 130, 132, 163, 166, 199, 

204, 207. 235, 269. 
Gay, 3, 50, 70, 84, 110, 136, 168, 199, 204, 233, 

236, 270 
Gelaspy, 224. 
Gcndall, 33. 
George, 239. 
Geyer, 171. 
Gibbins, 230. 
Gibbs, 48. 
Gideon, 195. 

Gill, 35, 69, 205, 236, 239, 273, 289, 300. 
Goal, The, 291. 

County, 291. 
Goldthwait, 1, 6, 13, 31, 46, 48, 53, 54, 55, 67, 

76, 78, 126, 136, 140, 142, 153, 179, 181, 

185, 20i, 206, 207, 212, 214, 222, 236, 237, 

233, 241, 248, 250, 27C, 282, 294. 
Goodlug, 266. 
Gordon, 96, 153,154, 164, 
Gore, 105, 207, 233, 234, 266, 277. 
Gould, 16.', 292. 
Grainary, The, 4, 6, 84. 



Granary, The, 19, 22, 37, 38, 52, 71, 72,85, 
110, 112, 135, 167, 168, 204, 205, 236, 237, 
270, 271. 

Grant, 1, 2, 4, 9, 13, 15, 21, 26, 36, 45, 51, 66, 
67, 81, 87, 101, 108, 114, 134, 143, 144, 150, 
153, 180, 198, 230, 285. 

Gray, 2, 3, 1.1, 18, 26, 34, 35, 38, 50, 52, 53, 70, 
71, 80, 82, t>4, 90, 98, 103, 105, 106, 10K, 
110, 114, 125, 132, 136, 138, 141, 158, 154, 
155, 157, 165, 167. 177, 180, 181, 203, 205, 
208, 212. 234, 236, 239, 245, 268, 270, 284. 
Greanleaf, 161. 
Greanleaff, 161, 172, 187, 197, 233, 239, 243, 

261, 266. 

Greanleaffe, 111. 
Greenlcaf, 11, 26, 66. 
Greenlcafe, 35. 
Qreenleaff, 136,221. 
v Greenleaffe, 95. 

Great Britain, 15, 33, 36, 37, 41, 4t, 104, 120, 

121, 122, 154, 155, m, 176, 17*, 182, IS !, 

184, 186, 191, 228, 229, 243, 256, 286, 287, 

289. 297, 293, 309, 324. 

Green, 48, 61, 62, 67, 69, 76, 84, 85, 90, 114, 

11(5, 142, 152, 167, 234, 267, '277. 
. Greene, 4, 5, 7, 9, 11, 19, 20, 23, 53. 
Greenleaf, see Greanleaff. 
Greenleiifc, Pee Greanleaff. 
Greenleatr, see Greanleaff. 
Greenk-affc, see Greanleaff. 
fGreenough, 2, 17, 34, 35, 48, 131, 132. 
I Grenough, 50, 08, 69, 80, 82, 83, 105, 107, 
) 108, 135, 140, 163, 163, 198, 203, 233, 234, 
I 246, 266, 268. 

Greenwood, 29, 33, 151, 171, 236, 246, 285. 
Grenough, see Greenough. 
Gridley, 95, 159, 234. 
Grozier, 117. 

j Hail, 5,133, 164, 198, 239, 267. 
| Hale, 17,33. 49, 67, 81, 95, 106. 
Hal 1 ,34, 88, 93, 242,280. 
Hall, Faneuil, 1, 10, 15, 16, 22, 28, 29, SO, 31, 
40,53,54,59, 01, 79, b7, 88, 96, 102, 
104,111,112, 113,123, 125, 126, 129, 
139, 141, 148, 15-.', 153, 154, 155, 157, 
158, 161, 162, 170, 171, 172, 174, 175, 
176, 179, 186, 190, 191, 194, 195, 196, 
197,205,210, 211, 212, 215,218,219, 
220, 222, 2-25, 227, 230, 232, 244, 250, 
252, 253, 257, 259, 264, 265, 277, ^91, 
294, 295, 297, 301, 302. 
Liberty, 312. 
Town," 313, 320. 
Hallifax, 258, 259, 307, 319, 325. 
Hallowcll,41, 114, 128, 129, 187, 240. 
I Hammatt, 78, 80, 96, 105, 130. 
| Hammett, 3, 163, 214. 
Hamock, 46. 

Hancock, 10, 22, 45, 78, 85, 95, 114, 119, 126, 
130, 135, 139, 140, 157, 159, 162, 170, 172, 
174, 176, 177, 179, 181, 182, 181, 187, 189, 
195,196, 197, 199, 206,207,211,212,215, 
232, 2 :3, 23*. 241, 243, 245, 253, 255, 257, 
260, 261, 263, 266, '267, 273, 278, 282, 285, 
292, 294. 

Harris, 108, 129, 133. 
Harrod, 3, 18, 50, 240, 277, 290. 
Harskins, 70, 83, 109, 132, 166, 204, 269. 
Hart, 270. 
Hase, 3, 83. 
Haskins, 19, 50, 235. 
I Hawes, 70. 
I Haws, 109. 
Hayes. 70. 

Head, Deer Island, 97, 149. 
Heath, 222. 
Helyer, 19, 36. 
Henchman, 18, 34,49. 
Henderson, 17, 34, 49, 69, 107, 131, 250, 301, 

303. 

Henshaw, 1, 9, 10, 13, 16, 22, 31, 40, 44, 46, 47, 
53, 61, 62, 78, 87, 95, 97, 99, 101, 104, 113, 
115, 119, 124, 130, 141, 142, 157, 159, 162, 



330 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 



176, 180, 181,187,189,221,236,246,24s, 
252, 253, 255, 266, 273, 278, 279, 282, 294, 
297, 301,302,303. 

fHewes, 1, 2, 9, 10, 13, 16, 31, 35, 44. 
I Hews, 47, 50, 65, 78, 79, 82, 105, 112, 133, 
1 139, 142, 170, 190. 
I Hughes, 53. 
Hicks, 12, 14, 24, 42, 56. 
Highway, The, 41, 68, 70, 79, 119, 148, 214, 

280. 

Hill, 1, 4, 9, 13, 26, 45, 69, 78, 86, 93, 95, 115, 
119, 123, 126, 127, 131, 136, 137, 147, 
181, 208, 214,219, 222, 238,240, 266, 
267, 280, 289, 293. 

Hill, Beacon, 10, 14, 119, 124, 149, 260. 
Fort, 10. 

SHillsborough, 300, 307, 308. 
HilLsburrough, 311, 313, 318, 319, 320, 323, 
324. 

Hitchburne, 83, 133, 277. 
Hobbs, 4, 19,36. 
Hodgden, 70, 83. 
Hodson, 119, 149. 

Holbrook, 11, 24, 42, 53, 59, 75, 94, 116, 146, 
185, 186, 207, 213, 246, 247, 271, 283. 

{Holiday, 20, 21,34. 
llolllday,3,8, 11,13. 
Hollyday, 50, 70, 151, 165, 202, 206, 220, 239, 
265, 268, 291. 

Holmes, 82, 105, 107, 135,172. 
Homes, 163, 168, 199, 204, 233, 235, 266,270, 

285, 290. 
Holyoke, 12, 24, 43, 59, 75, 94, 115, 145, 185, 

213, 247. 
Homans, 167. 
Homes, see Holmes. 
Hood, 297, 299, 300, 303, 321, 324. 
Hooper, 11. 78. 
Hoskins, 4. 

Hospital, Hancock's, 139. 
House, Alms, 6, 7, 22, 25, 38, 39, 52, 68, 71, 
72, 74, 84, 85, 86, 87, 91, 98, 110, 
111, 118, 136, 167, 170,205, 213, 
218, 236, 253, 270, 271, 275, 283, 
291. 

Custom, 173. 
Court, 196, 286, 291. 
Gun, 217, 220, 273. 
Manufactory, 322. 
Meeting, Dr. Chauncey's, 65. 
Mr. Byles'8, 71, 84. 
Old Brick Meeting, 71. 
Old North Meeting, 62, 71. 
Powder, 176. 
Town, 46, 49, 54, 56, 60, 61, 62, 63, 65, 

69, 72, 315, 320. 
Work, 6, 24, 25, 27, 38, 87, 227, 275, 

291, 323. 
How, 198. 

Howard, 33, 242, 245, 269, 284. 
Hubbard, 5, 10, 15, 23, 28, 30, 31, 32, 39, 65, 
72, 73, 79, 95, 102, 103, 104, 113, 114, 123, 
127, 1-29, 140, 141, 153, 180, 198, 212, 245, 
248, 284. 
Hudson, 14. 
Hughes, see Hewes. 
Hunt, 10, 213,246, 282, 283. 
Hurd, 18, 34, 49, 238, 270. 
Hutchinson, 26, 30, 45, 79, 80, 85, 103, 133, 
134, 140, 145, 179, 184, 197, 203, 207, 222, 
238, 267, 298. 
Hyllier, 60. 

Inches, 30, 48, 66, 69, 80, 83, 87, 101, 105, 107, 
130, 135, 163, 180, 197, 198, 200, 221, 222, 
225, 241, 248, 250, 252, 253, 255, 257, 266, 
282, 294. 

Ireland, 226. 

Island, Deer, 15, 220, 237. 
Noddles, 123. 

Islands, West India, 41. 

Ivers, 163. 

Jackaon, 1, 2, 4, 9, 10, 13, 16, 17, 18, 19, 31, 34, 



35, 38, 40, 44, 46, 47, 48, M, 52, 53, 56, 61, 
62,68,70, 78,83,84, 104, 105, 107, 1M, 114, 
117,130,131, 134,135, 138,142, 162,163, 
164, 167, 168, 176, 181, 184, 187, 197, 204, 
232, 235, 240, 244, 253, 255, 266, 270, 282, 
290, 294, 295, 297, 301. 

Jarvis, 292. 

JeffriPB, 2, 6, 7, 12, 17, 22, 25, 26, 33, 34, 38, 
43, 46, 47, 52, 57, 59, 66, 71, 74, 78, 78, 80, 
84, 85, 86, 95, 105, 110, 112, 114, 116, 118, 
130, 136, 138, 142, 146, 164, 167, 182, 186, 
199, 202, 203, 205, 209, 214, 215, 218, 234, 
236, 240, 246, 247, 267, 270, 273, 284, 285, 
290. 

Jenkins, 19, 50, 51, 70, 83, 109, 132, 165, 166, 
204, 235. 269. 

Jennirgs, 133. 

Jepson, 207. 

Jervis, 114. 
j Johonnot, 290. 

j Johonnott, 142. 

Jones, 114, 142, 181. 

Joy, 166, 203, 235, 246, 269, 277. 

Kast, 117. 

Kent, 40, 60, 87, 103, 106, 153, 159, 184, 188, 

208, 214, 215, 217, 219, 240, 242, 243, 248. 

2o4, 2u5, 260, 282, 290, 294, 297, 301. 
Kilbey, 81, 174. 
Kinncy, 81, 106. 
Kneeland, 6, 2J, 21, 35, 50, 51, 63, 81, 87, 94, 

93, 108, 131, 145, 165, 203, 237, 26H. 
Knight, 199. 
Knox, 83, 109, 132, 166, 204, 235, 269. 



Lane, 256. 
Lane Bear, 170. 
Joliffs, 137. 
Long, 73, 137, 289. 
Rawson's, 49. 

Langdon, 25, 43, 59, 75, 94, 116, 146, 185. 
Langley, 50, 69, 82, 108. 
Lazinby, 291. 
Leaveret, 52, 71, 233, 266. 
Leveret, 100, 135, 172, 243. 
Leverett, 2, 3, 17, 84, 107, 207. 
Lee, 18, 70. 
Leveret, see Leaveret. 
Leverett, see Leaveret. 
Lewis, 54, 65, 78, 79, 96, 105, 112, 139, 142. 
Lilly, 190. 
Lindsey, 164. 
Liswcll, 33. 
Little, 298. 
Lloyd, 181. 
Loyd, 117, 123, 233. 
Loyde, 115. 
London, 37, 41, 44, 190, 212, 218, 224, 231, 256, 

272, 298, 299, 303. 
Longley, 34. 
Lord, 117. 
Loring, 246, 269. 
Lotbrop, 277, 284. 
Louisbourg, 15. 

'Lovel, 11,24,42, 43, 58, 59, 75, 88, 92, 93, 
94, 115, 116, 125. 126, 145, 146, 165, 185, 
209, 212, 213, 246, 247, 283. 
Lovell, 126. 
Low, 3, 17, 34, 132, 166, 203, 235, 269, 279, 

280, 281. 
. Lowe, 2, 108. 
Lowder, 70. 

Lowell, 18, 34, 50, 110, 199. 
Loyd, see Lloyd. 
Loyde, see Lloyd. 
Lucas, 244, 269, 270. 
Lyde, 114, 234. 

Mackay, 240, 266, 278. 

I Malcom, 190. 

j Malcomb, 172, 137, 193, 212, 254, 255, 21. 
Maiden, 282. 

( Man, 136. 
Mann, 83. 



INDEX TO NAMES. 



331 



Mansfield, 181. 

Marblebead, 181. 

Market, The, 302. 

Market, Faneuil Hall, 3, 12, 16, 19, 20, 23, 27, 
28, 29, 30, 33, 43, 48, 69, 64, 90, 
110, 171, 210, 236, 237. 
South, 170. 

Marsh, 266. 

Marsh, The, 279, 280, 281. 
Salt, 279, 280. 

Marshall, 69, 83, 107, 133, 135, 163, 172, 199, 

233, 266, 285. 
Marston, '233. 

< Martin, 110, 270. 

I Martyn, 207. 
Mason, 33, 47, Ofi. 70, FO, 105, 130, 163, 197, 

2u7, 266, 273, 282, 2!H. 
Masters, 83, 109, 132, 166, 204, 235, 269. 
Mather, 16, 26, 79, 96, 114, 141, 181, 197, 212, 

245, 284. 

May, 49, 69, 198, 209, 233, 260. 
Mayes, 110. 
Maybew.96, 114, 181. 
Me Alpine, 164. 
McClure, 49, 74, 81, 107, 124. 
McDaniel, 12, 13, 302. 

I Mclntire, 17, 34. 

} Mclntyre, 49, 163. 
Mclntosh, 132, 166, 203, 235. 
McLane, 19, 171. 
McMasters, 298. 
Mciii, 164, 293. 
Merlot, 66. 
Mcssinger, 171. 
Mill Fond, 147. 
Mill Stream, 279, 280. 
Mills, 33. 
Mills, North, 282. 

The Grist, 135, 147, 241, 253, 279, 282, 

294, 295. 
Minot, 30. 
Montressor, 324. 
Moore, 18, 35, 49, 69, 106. 
Moreton, 246. 
Muff itt, 110, 167. 
Mullineux, 119, 161, 180, 261, 273, 276, 277, 

279, 291. 
Murray, 243. 

Neck, The, 12, 20, 68, 86, 93, 115, 119, 123, 
126, 137, 144, 145, 150, 196, 208, 209, 
241. 

Boston, 86, 87, 93, 125, 126, 127, 136, 
137, 145, 147, 150, 189, 10, 209, 215, 
216. 
New England, 32, 43, 173, 177, 253, 260. 

Hampshire, 1, 10, 16, 31, 46, 65, 79, 104, 
117, 129, 162, 197, 232, 252, 260, 265, 
294, 302. 
London, 181. 

York, 258, 259, 264, 324, 325. 
Newell, 30, 38. 52, 70, 110, 162, 187, 197, 199, 

208, 23'.', 235, 252, 285. 
Newman, Iu3. 
Nichols, 2, 18, 34, 60, 69, 82, 108, 132, 166, 203, 

234, 268. 
Noland, 269. 
Nowell, 133, 269. 

Noycs, 3. 45, 74, 78, 82, 89, 108, 131, 165, 203, 
222, 237, 268. 

Oliver, 1, 4, 6, 7, 10, 11, 16, 21, 23, 26, 31. 44, 
47, 78, 127, 129, 141, 245, 280. 

Orr, 171. 

O.sborn, 11, 114. 

Otis, 40, 45, 48, 53, 54, 55, 66, 67, 67, 68, 73, 76, 
78, 79, 86, 88, 89, 97, 99, 102, 103, 104, 113, 
115, 119, 120, 123, 124, 125, 126, 129, 140, 
141, 1-18, 151, 152, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 
162, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 182, 186, 187, 
189, 191, 194, 195, 196, 197, 206, 209, 210, 
211, 212, 215, 219, 220, 230,232,243,244, 
245, 246, 248, 252, 253, 255, 257, 259, 260, 
263,264, 265, 267, 270,272, 277, 278,282, 
234, 285, 293, 294, 297, 298, 301, 302. 



Owen, 83, 109, 132, 166, 204, 235, 269. 

Paddock, 19, 35, 50, 70, 82, 135, 163, 199, 233, 

261, 266. 

Page, 163, 236, 270. 
'Pain, 2, 18. 
Paine, 34, 50. 

Payne, 82, 108, 132, 134, 136, 171, 180, 181, 
189, 197, 199, 203, 214,219, 221,222, 2i5, 
238, 241, 246, 248, 250, 254, 255, 257, 282, 
294. 
Palfrey, 35. 

Parker, 5, 17, 23, 34, 49, 67, 69, 114, 133, 163. 
Parkman, 181. 

Partridge, 105, 207, 233, 239, 266. - 
Patten, 4, 5, 17. 
Paxton, 304, 305, 307. 
Payne, see Pain. 

Payson, 8, 21, 36, 51, 67, 81, 92, 108, 134, 142, 
143, 144, 150, 151, 165, 201, 202. 203, 217, 
220, 291, 292, 293, 295, 300. 
Pease, 13'2, 166, 204, 235, 269. 
Peck, 2, 128, 129, 266. 
Pecker, 117, 149, 165, 203, 237, 268. 
Pemberton, 10, 26, 72, 78, 06, 114,125,141, 

176, 181, 212, 245, 252, 253, 255, 266, 273, 
282, 284, 294. 

Peirce, 267,290. 

I Pcirpoint, 20, 80, 151, 172, 272, 273. 

I Pierpoint, 209. 
Perkins, 34, 49, 78, 114, 117, 123, 131, 181, 277, 

285. 
Perry, 196, 208. 

(Phillips, 1, 2, 3, 7, 9, 16, 17, 22, 23, 28, 29, 
31, 32, 33, S4, 35, 40, 45, 46, 47, 48, 53, 
56, 57, 61, 63, 64, 65, 66, 69, 73, 79, 80, 
87, 90, 104, 110, 111, 119, 134, 135, 130, 
142, 145, 162, 163,108, 179, 180, 181,184, 
187, 196, 197, 204, 232, 235,252, 269,273, 
I 285. 

Pico, 36, 50, 70, 83, 109, 132, 166, 204, 235, 269. 
( Pidgeon, 172. 
j Pigeon, 80, 98, 111. 
Pierpoint, see Peirpoint. 
Pigeon, see Pidgeon. 
Pitcher, 171. 
Pitt, 175. 
Pitts, 2, 7, 17, 32, 33, 45, 181, 197, 234, 246, 

248, 251, 270, 284. 
Place, The Market, 55. 
Plymouth, 169, 170, 172. 
Point Gallop's, 279, 281. 

Shirley, 15, 103. 
Pool, 267. 

Potter, 4, 88, 109, 132, 166, 204, 235, 269. 
Powell, 244, 266, 293. 
Pownall, 26, 31 , 38, 39, 44, 299. 
( Prat, 10, 23, 36, 46. 
) Pratt, 220, 237, 238. 
Presson, 240. 
Preston, 198. 
Price, 110, 135, 136, 167, 196, 199, 203, 209, 

214, 222, 226, 236, 238, 289, 290, 293. 
Prince, 3. 
Procter, 12, 24, 43, 59, 75, 94, 107, 115, 144, 

185, 213, 246, 247, 283. 
Prout, 281. 
Province, Massachti setts Bay, 32, 55, 157, 159, 

177, 178, 244, 254, 260. 
Pynchon, 117. 

Quincy, 180, 189, 221, 225, 254, 265, 261, 272, 
273, 285. 

Randolph, 173. 

Ranstead, 18, 35. 

Ray, 3, 18, 34, 35, 50, 69. 

Revear, 165. 

Rhode leland, 1, 10, 16, 31, 46, 65, 79,104, 129, 

162, 197, 232, 252, 260, 265, 294, 302. 
Rhodes, 3. 
Richardson, 3, 131, 135, 163, 194, 199, 233, 241, 

250, 266. 



332 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 



Richie, 67, 74. 

Kidgway,18, 50,106. 

lliver Naponsit, 40. 

Road, The Great, 216. 

Robbins, 294. 

Roberts, 117. 

Robinson, 315. 

Rogers, 17, 19, 33, 49, 66, 81, 167, 198, 298. 

Rowe, 2, 5, 7, 17, 22, 23, 24, 26, 31, 34, 35, 38, 
48, 52,68, 71, 83, 84, 85, 98,104, 107, 115, 
126, 134, 135, 136, 140, 151, 152, 154, 157, 
159, 163, 164, 171, 176, 180, 187, 189, 195, 
196, 197, 198, 206, "212, 221, 224, 225, 232, 
233, 241, 249, 253, 255, 256, 257, 260, 261, 
266, 268. 

Rotbury, 216, 255, 282, 315. 

Ruddock, 8, 11, 21, 23, 29, 36, 51, 53, 61, 62, 
67, 81, 92, 103, 105, 106, 111, 115, 116, 126, 
130, 133, 135, 142, 143, 152, 157, 159, 162, 

170, 174, 179, 181, 1*6, 197, 200, 202, 205, 
215, 221, 232, 253,255, 261, 266, 273, 274, 
279, 282, 292, 294. 

Ruggles, 150, 165, 171, 172, 201, 202, 206, 220, 

239, 268, 291, 292, 299. 
Russell, 18, 49. 
Russia, 227. 

Salmon, 6, 17, 33, 49, 66, 81, 106, 133, 163, 164, 

198, 2.i9, 267. 

Salt, 70, 83, 109, 132, 166, 204, 235, 269. 
Salter, 129, 133, 134, 142, 143, 144, 150, 151, 

165, 201, 202, 206, 216, 220, 239, 268, 291. 
Saltonstall, 181. 
Bavage, 2, 3, 22, 38, 47, 50, 54, 65, 78, 79, 81, 

112, 114, 139, 142, 220, 239, 268, 291. 
School, North Gramar, 58, 115, 145. 

Grammar, 11, 12, 13, 15,24, 25, 
26, 42, 43, 46, 59, 75, 78, 
94, 96, 114, 116, 142, 146, 
181, 185, 200, 208, 209, 210, 

212, 213, 246, 283, 285. 
Lattin, 282. 

Writinfr, 11, 12, 14, 24, 25, 26, 
43, 46, 56, 59, 75, 78, 94, 95, 
96, 114, 115, 116, 142, 146, 
181, 185, 212, 213, 242, 246, 
247, 283, 285. 
South Gramer, 58. 

Grammar, 11, 12, 24, 26, 42,43, 
46, 69, 75, 78, 94, 98, 114, 
115,116, 125, 126, 142, 145, 
146, 181, 185,209,210, 212, 

213, 246, 247, 283, 285. 
Writing, 11, 12, 26, 46, 53, 56, 

75,78,96, 114,118,125,142, 
181, 212, 271, 285. 

"Writing, 11, 12, 24, 25, 26, 43, 46, 59, 
75, 78, 94, 96, 114, 115, 116, 142, 
145, 146, 181, 185, 186, 207, 212, 
213, 246, 247, 283, 284. 

Scollay, 1, 2, 4, 9, 10, 13, 16, 17, 19, 31, 35, 38, 
44, 47, 48, 52, 60, 65, 68, 70, 78, 79, 83, 84, 
96, 98, 104, 107, 110, 112, 114, 130, 135, 139, 

171, 233, 266, 285. 
Sconce, The, 99. 
Scotland, 226, 287. 

Scott, 70, 84, 107, 110, 132, 163, 198. 
Scutt, 8, 15. 

Sergeant, 95, 108, 132, 166, 203, 234, 268. 
Bewail, 11, 26, 45, 46, 48, 49, 53, 65, 78, 79, 80, 
96, 102, 104, 112, 114, 128, 130, 135, 139, 
141, 142, 159, 162, 181, 184, 197, 211, 212, 
232, 245, 252, 285. 
Shaw, 131, 142, 172, 199. 

j Sheaff, 187. 

) Sheaffe, 100. 
Shed, 67, 171. 
Shelburne, 303. 

j Shepard, 3. 

I Shepherd, 166, 204, 235. 
Sherburne, 119,277. 

( Simans, 204. 

{ Simens, 109, 167, 235. 

(Simons, 133, 279,280. 



( Simkins, 172, 199. 
? Simpkins, 17. 
Simmons, 147. 
Simms, 83, 269. 
Simons, see Simans. 
Simpkins, see Shaking. 
Simpson, 3, 233, 285. 
I 8killens,234. 

/ Skillins, 82, 108, 138, 166, 203, 268. 
Skinner, 136, 168, 204, 236, 270. 
Smith, 2, 3, 7, 17, 32, 47, 48, 50, 66, 80, 105, 

130, 136, 163, 181, 197, 198. 
Smyth, 270. 
Snelliog, 266. 
Sollien, 70. 
Sparhawk, 181, 245. 
Spear, 3, 19, 35, 50, 70, 83, 103, 109, 132, 166, 

198, 204, 235, 269. 
Spooner, 85, 267. 
Sprague, 78,117, 142, 246. 
Square, Dock, 30, 41, 54, 55, 62, 210. 

Market, 302. 
St. James, 178. 
Steel, 104. 

Stevenson, 164, 166, 204, 235. 
Stimson, 163. 

Stoddard, 18, 34, 50, 51, 70, 236, 270. 
Storer, 1, 7, 16, 32, 33, 45, 56, 64, 80, 105, 130, 

163, 197, 2u7, 239, 273. 
Storey, 9, 13, 22, 24, 26, 38, 52, 54, 55, 60, 61, 

62, 71, 85, 86, *7, 95, 110, 111, 135. 
Street, Ann, 20, 27, 39, 214. 
Back, 23. 
Bacon, 49. 

Battery March, 128, 129. 
Bennet, 219. 
Bread, 128. 
Cambridge, 115. 
Cross, 23. 
Fish, 11 1,115. 
Kilby, 206. 
King, 41, 89. 
Leaveret, 206. 

Milk, 128, 129, 177, 214, 242, 250. 
Orange, 20, 216. 
Prince, 8. 
Purchase, 57, 58. 

Queen, 11, 12, 24, 26, 43, 46, 59, 75, 78, 
94, 96, 114, 115, 142. 145, 146, 181, 
185, 212, 213, 246, 247, 283, 285. 
The New, 242. 
Union, 23, 27. 
Water, 87, 94, 97, 98, 177, 206, 242, 

i50. 

Sntten, 70. 
Sweetser, 233. 

Swift, 24, 26, 46, 145, 172, 240, 241, 250. 
"Symmes, 2, 18, 34. 
Symms, 07, 69, 82, 108, 124, 132, 165, 166, 

203, 234, 242, 267, 268. 
Syms, 49, 50. 

Tavern, Golden Ball, 137, 144. 

Salutation, 214, 222. 
Tayler, 24, 26, 52, 87, 138, 163, 164. 
Thachcr, 9, 23, 26, 29, 33, 40, 46, 67, 76, 78, 

85, 86, 87, 88, 90, 95, 99, 101, 113, 120. 
Thatcher, 141, 157. 
Thather, 60. 

Thayer, 2, 5, 17, 19, 83, 34, 35, 49, 50, 66, 69, 
70, 81, 82, 106, 108, 109, 132, 133, 166, 
172, 199, 203, 234, 268, 269. 
Thomas, 5, 17, 33, 48, 49, 66, 81, 106, 133, 174, 

267, 290. 

Thomlinson, 41, 43, 44. 
Thompson, 165. 
Thornton, 171. 
Thwing, 79, 80, 88,105, 111, 114, 130, 142, 181. 

{Tileeton, 25, 35, 43, 75, 108, 116, 132, 146, 
153, 154, 171, 185, 209, 213, 247,283,284, 
2S2. 
Tileston, 3, 12, 49, 56, 59, 94, 95, 105, 146. 
Tyleston, 69. 
Tlnney, 83, 110. 



INDEX TO NAMES. 



333 



Torbet, 164. 

Torrey, 18, 35, 51, 68, 107, 108, 131, 135, 163, 
165, 198, 203, 237. 

Town Slip, 129. 

Townsend, 18, 95, 233. 

Treat, 3, 36, 50, 70, 83, 88, 109, 132, 133, 166. 

Trecothick, 299. 

Trott, 163. 

Trurubles, 226. 

( Tuder, 86, 87, 88, 111, 136, 142, 168, 181, 204, 
236, 240, 241, 270, 295. 

( Tudor, 1, 7, 16, 32, 45, 47, 66, 103. 

Turell, 266. 

Turner, 174, 203, 234, 269. 

Tyler, 1, 2, 5, 7, II, 13, 16, 17, 20, 22, 23, 28, 
32, 35, 36, 40, 45, 46, 47, 48, 57, 58, 60, 66, 
68, 73, 78, 79, 8:i, 86, 87, 88, 97, 101, 104, 
105, 106, 107, 111, 113, 116, 120, 125, 126, 
130, 131, 134, 135, 138, 140, 141, 142, 145, 
153, 151, 157, 16s, 176, 199, 200, 207, 208, 
215, 233, 248. 2o4, 255, 266. 

Tyleston, see Tileston. 

Tyng, 10, 23, 36, 280. 

Usher, 133, 198, 239, 267. 

Vassal, 246. 

( Vergoose, 3, 18, 34, 69, 82, 108, 132, 166, 203, 
234, 2G8. 

( Vergose. 50. 
Vernon, 240. 

< Vlnal, 12, 25, 43, 59, 75, 76, 94, 116, 118, 119. 

j Vinall, 56. 

Wakefield, 96. 

Waldo, 26, 80, 114, 131, 138,164, 197, 198, 199, 

233, 239, 266, 267. 

Wales, 3, 18, 34, 35, 50, 69, 82, 198. 
Walker, 1, 7, 16, 23, 32, 45, 47, 66, 74, 82, 107, 
108, 130, 132, 166, 203, 234, 268. 

( Wallace, 17, 207. 

I Wallis, 33, 198, 239. 
Walley, 3, 82, 241, 266, 285. 
Ward, 271. 
Warland, 207. 
Warren, 117, 241, 248, 254, 255, 257, 260, 261, 

272,279,285,297,301. 
Waterhouse, 38, 48. 
Waterman, 138, 166, 204, 235, 269. 
Waters, 82, 171. 
Webb, 34, 110, 165, 167, 199. 

( Welch, 18, 34, 49, 82, 110, 165. 

} Welsh, 2. 



Weld, 17, 49. 
Welds, 106. 

{Well, 153. 
Welles, 40, 45. 
Wells, 26, 61, 62, 66, 67, 76, 78, 81,88, 67. 
103, 104, 105, 106, 114, lol, 152, 153, 157, 
158, 184, 186, 207, 242, 261, 277. 
Welsh. See Welch. 
Wendell, 11, 2rt, 35, 48, 69, 80, 83, 107, 135, 

163, 172, 181, 199, 233, 266, 285, 299. 
(Wentworth, 78, 97, 98, 115, 119, 123,125, 

126, 127, 12, 142, 147, 238. 
( Wbent worth, 86, 93. 
Westminster, 287. 
Wharf, Long, 89. 
Wharfe, Alford's, 100. 
Long, 90, 101. 
Longe, 98. 
Scarlets. S'9. 

Wharff, Hancock's, 256, 309. 
Wheatly, 41. 
Wheeler, 18, 133, 167. 
( Wheelright, 97. 

{ Wheelwright, 2, 45, 70, 83, 98, 109, 132, 166, 
( 204, 235, 269. 
Whentworth. See Wentworth. 
White, 2, 6, 18, 21, 83, 109, 132, 166, 168, 197, 

204, 233, 235, 236, 242, 26, 269, 270. 
Whitefleld, 104. 
Whiting, 142. 

Whit well, 74, 80, 82, 105, 109, 130, 131, 132, 
163, 166, 197, 204, 233, 235, 239, 241, 266, 
269, 273, 277, 289, 293. 
Whitworth, 117, 285. 

Williams. 65, 71, 84, 8,8, 94, 107, 115, 135, 138, 
163, 166, 167, 181, 199, 204, 205, 207, 21-2, 
219, 221, 222, 233, 234, 235, 236, 238, 269, 
305, 307. 
Wingfleld, 234. 
Winslow, 2, 11, 26, 29, 64, 78, 131, 142, 149, 

162,221. 

Winter, 78, 110, 133, 171. 
Winthrop, 114, 280. 
Wiswall, 11, 18, 24, 34, 42, 43, 49,58,75, 94, 

115, 145, 185. 
Wiswell, 200, 236, 270. 

Young, 253, 255. 
Yougust, 117. 



SURNAMES OMITTED. 



Limers, 96. 



INDEX TO SUBJECTS. 



Accounts, to examine, 5, 6, 7, 22, 34, 38, 52, 
84-6, 86, 91, 110, 111, 118, 134, 136, 
139, 153, 167, 170, 200, 205, 218, 
222, 236, i!39, 251, 270, 289, 293, 
300. 

reports on, 6, 9, 13-14, 19, 25, 37, 38, 
44, 62, 57, 71-2, 85-8, 90-3, 138, 
143-4. 154, 167, 182, 200-2, 218, 
237,240,271,290. 
to liquidate, 161, 170-1. 
Act, for taking valuation of the Province, 63. 
application to court for, to remove per- 
sons spreading infectious disease, 118. 
to prevent destruction of Beacon Hill, 

119, 149. 
concerning erection of wooden building, 

149. 

Stamp. (See Stamp Act.) 
" declaring the right and liberties of the 

subject," etc., 261, 262, 263, 264. 
concerning Court of Admiralty, 287. 
Bankrupt. (See Bankrupt Act.) 
Revenue. (See Revenue Acts.) 
37, Sec. 9. (See Anne, Queen, Act of.) 
Admiralty, Court of. (See Court.) 
Agriculture, 121, 183. 

Alford's wharf, 100. (See also Wharves.) 
Almshouse, 6, 7, 25, 38, 68, 71, 72, 86, 87, 98, 

118,248,253,271,275,276. 
to repair, 283. 
master of the, 74, 291. 
accounts of, 91, 218, 275, 290. 

to audit, 2-2, 38, 39, 52, 
71, 84, 110, 118, 136, 
138, 167, 205, 236, 
240, 270. 

money advanced to town, for use 
of, 7, 22, 38, 52. 68, 71, 74, 84, 85, 
110, 111, 106, 167, 205, 236, 270. 
grain to purchase for, 214, 248, 

253, 271. 
pavement at, 91. 
town's land north of, 170. 

title of town's claim 
to, disputed, 170. (See 
also Lands, etc.) 

America, 153, 154, 155, 175, 176, 186, 191, 194, 
243, 244, 257, 259, 286, 287, 288, 297, 
298, 299, 307, 309, 324. 
British, 153, 222, 303. 
North, 175, 177, 178, 182, 183, 225, 

227, 287, 289. 
manufacturers in, to encourage, 222, 

223-4. 

Anchors, 221, 223. ( See also Imports.) 
Anne, Queen, Act of, 259. 
Ann street, 20,27, 39, 214. 
Apparel, 221, 223, 224. (See also Imports.) 
Archives, 157. 
Armories, 220, 248. 
Arms and ammunition, 91, 264, 320. 

to be cleansed, 320. 
Army, standing, 263, 320. 
Artillery, 217, 220, 248, 273. 

officers of, 273. (See also Ord- 
nance.) 

Artists, 212, 218. 

Assayers, 3, 18, 50, 70, 84, 110, 136, 168, 204, 
236, 270. 



Assembly or Court, general, 8, 10, 14, 22, 24, 
26, 33, 36, 37. 39, 40, 41, 42, 
43, 54, 55, 57, 59, 62, 63, 67, 68, 
72, 77, 86, 88, 90, 97, 98, 100, 
102, 104, 110, 112, 113, 117,118, 
119, 120, 121, 122, 125, 128, 
137, 141, 142, 148, 149, 150, 
152, 155, 156, 157, 161, 162, 
174, 176, 177, 180, 182, 184, 
188, 190, 196, 211, 218, 232, 
244, 248, 250, 252, 257, 260, 
261, 262, 263, 272, 278, 2.9, 
285, 286, 289, 300, 302, 311, 
321. 
petition to, to prefer, 54, 55, 62, 

68, 76, 128, 272. 
prorogation, 161. 
to convene, 222-3, 260, 263. 
Assessors, 2, 6, 7, 9, 21, 22, 28-9, 33, 34, 39, 
42, 51, 52, 68, 67, 68, 71, 74, 
81, 82, 84, 91, 107-8, 111, 118, 131, 
137, 149, 158, 164-5, 170, 203, 206, 
217, 237, 241, 250, 252-3, 268, 270. 
books, 5, 21, 34, 36, 51, 67, 81, 107-8, 
134, 158, 164-6, 206, 217, 250, 
252-3. 

to furnish list or valuation of es- 
tates, 29, 42, 58. 
of names of per- 
sons taxable, 217. 
Attorney-General, 149. 



Back street, 23. 

Bacon street. ( See Beacon street.) 

Bankrupt Act, 174, 180. 

repeal of, to move, 180. 
Barbers' powder, etc., 224. 
Barracks. (6'ee Troops.) 
Battery, north, 144, 151, 189. 
south, 42, 99. 
wharf, 151. 

Battery March street, 128-9, 214. 
Beacon hill, preservation of, 10, 14, 119, 124, 

149. 

tar barrels at, 260. 
Beacon street, 49. 
Bear lane, to pave, 170. 
Bedlam. ( See Insane, hospital for.) 
Bells, ringing of, 71. 
Bendal's Cove, 279, 281. 
Benefactors, public, names of, enrolled, 139. 
Bennet street, engine kept in, 219. 
Bequests, public, 126, 139, 179, 184, 207, 215. 
Bill concerning collecting of taxes, 98. 

copies of, to distribute, 98. (See also 

Taxes.) 

Bankrupt, to frame, 184. 
copy of, relating to forstalling market, to 

procure, 302. 

Bills of credit, 1,2, 10,16, 17, 31,33, 46, 47, 
48, 65, 66, 79, 104, 129, 162, 197, 199, 
216, 219, 220, 230, 232, 234, 252, 253, 
260, 265, 267, 294, 295, 297, 301, 302. 
to engross, 140. 
hand, 210. 
Board of Customs, commissioners of, 250, 

253, 254-5, 258. (See also Custom.) 
Bonds. (See Sureties, bonda to be given as.) 



INDEX TO SUBJECTS. 



335 



Boston, 1,5,8,9,10,11, 13, 15, 16, 22, 25, 26, 28, 
29, 31, 32, 34, 36, 39, 40, 43, 44, 45, 46, 54, 
65, 56, 67, 61, 63, 64, 65, 72, 76, 77, 78, 79, 
88,90,95,96,102,104, 112, 113, 114, 120, 
122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127. 129, 139, 140, 
141, 142, 145, 148, 149, 152, 153, 154, 155, 
157, 158, 159, 160, 162, 168, 169, 172, 173, 
175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 186, 187, 
188, 189, 190, 191, 192, 193, 194, 195, 197, 
210, 211, 215, 216, 218, 219,220,222,225, 
226-7, 230-1, 232, 244, 245, 249-50, 251, 
252, 253, 254, 256, 259, 260, 262, 264, 265, 
274, 277, 278, 279, 281, 282, 284, 290, 294, 
295, 297, 298, 300, 301, 302, 303, 307,308, 
309, 310, 311, 312, 315, 317, 321, 322, 324, 
325. 

Boston Harbor. (See Harbor, the.) 

Boston Neck. (See Neck, the.) 

Boston Regiment, 217, 248. 

armory for, to erect, 248. 

Braintree, grant of land at, to mill owners, 
147, 279-81. 

Brattle street church, 46, 61, 62. (See also 
Meeting houses.) 

Bread street, 128. 

Breadstuffs, 4, 6, 19, 37, 52, 68, 71, 72, 84, 86, 
88, 91, 110, 112, 135, 136, 147, 165, 168, 
204, 205, 214, 236, 237, 240, 248, 253, 270, 
271, 282, 291. 

Brick and tiles, making of, 86-7, 93. 

Bridge, swing, 30, 58, 62. 

over Neponset river, to rebuild, 40, 46. 
mill, 147, 241, 282, 294, 295. 

Buildings, wooden, to erect, 137, 148. 

rules to be observed by 

carpenters, 149. 
license fur, 149. 

for hospital for insane, to erect, 
184. ( See also Insane.) 

Burial place, to repair wall in, 24. 
South, 24, 27. 

Butchers, 90. 

Buttons, gold and silver, 221, 223. (See also 
Imports.) 

By-laws and Orders. (See Orders, town.) 

Cambridge street, paving part of, 115. 
Carpenters, 59. 

rules to be observed by, in build- 
ing, 149. 
must have license, 149. (See also 

Trades.) 

Carts, trucks, t(<:, 77, 147, 280, 302. 
way innumbered by, 55, 302. 
Castle, the, 309, 310. 315, 316, 317, 318, 322, 

324. (See also Fortifications.) 
Cattle, 99. 
Charlestown, 226, 282. 

causeway leading toward, 279, 

280-1. 

Ferry, 8. (See also Ferries.) 
letter from selectmen of, con- 
cerning sale of lamb, 289. 
Charter, Royal, 155, 229, 262, 263, 321. 
rights, 156, 229, 262, 263, 286. 
Cheese. (See Dairy produce.) 
Chelsea, 123, 282. 
Cbimnies, 99, 108. 

sweeping of, 60-1, 106, 123, 215, 

217. 
rates or charges for, 

123-4. 
hours appointed for, 

124. 

sweepers, 124. 
firing of, 97, 123. 
number of, and names of owners 

of, to submit, 124. 

China, 221 , 224. ( See also Imports.) 
Christ church, clock on, to repair, 189. (See 

also Meeting houses.) 
Clock, town, 84. 

on Christ church, to repair, 189. 
for Old Brick church, 196. 



Clocks and watches, 221, 223. (See alto 

Imports.) 
Coaches, chaises, and carriages, 221, 223. 

(See also Imports.) 
Collectors. (See Taxes, rates, etc.) 
Colonies of North America, 122, 153, 156, 157, 
176, 177, 178, 179, 182, 183, 184, 186, 191, 
192, 194, 222, 223, 224, 225, 227, 228, 229, 
243, 244, 286, 287, 289. 

Commerce, 32, 121, 169, 178, 183, 273, 275. 
affecting, 187, 296, 324. (See 

also Trade, interests.) 
Commissioners, 41. 250. 

Committees, reports of, 6, 7, 9, 10-11, 12, 13- 
14, 20-1, 25-6, 27, 36, 37,44, 
45, 46, 52, 54, 55, 57, 58, 62, 63- 
4, 71-2, 77-8, 85-6, 90-2, 93-4, 
98-9, 101-2, 103-4, 108-9, 112, 
119, 134, 1:55, 138, 143-4, 147, 
148, 151 , 154, 155, 167, 182, 200- 
2,205,207,208,212.216-17,218, 
223, 224, 225, 230-1, 237-8, 242- 
3, 249-50, 251, 257, 271, 274, 
279-82, 285, 290, 291-3, 294, 
300, 303-25. 

to audit accounts, 5, 6, 7, 22, 3S, 
71, 84-5, 86, 110, 136, 130, 152, 
167, 200, 205, 222, 236, 239, 270, 
289, 293. 

to present petitions to genei 1 
court, 23-4, 2, 54, 55, 62, 63, 
64, 67, 76, 117, 159, 184,272, 
285-9. 

to frame by-laws, 54-5, 60, 71 , M. 
to revise, 273. 
to act on list of jurors, 71, 85, 

111, 136. 

vacancies on, to fill, 55-6. 
on increase of Watch, 61. 
on forestalling the Market, 67, 

76,90. 

to visit Schools, 71, 77-8, 95-6. 
to consider making of brick, etc., 

on Boston Neck, 87. 
encroachments on circular line, 
to consider, 87, 89, 90, 99, 100- 
1. 

on drains, 87. 
on lands, etc., 87, 97, 98, 137, 

145. 
on innoculation, 106, 112. 

Bankrupt Bill, 180. 
as, in Convention, 263-4. 
Common, 323. 

to enclose, 277. 
granary on the, to repair, 22. 
schooThouse on the, 24, 25, 59, 75, 
9i, 114, 116, 146, 185, 186, 207, 
213, 247, 283, 284. 
powder house on, 176, 217, 220, 

248, 273, 

preservation of, 272. 
passaue-way (Hog alley) from 
main street leading to the, nui- 
sance in, to abate, 97, 99. 
Commons, House of, 156, 175, 183. 

copies of letters, au- 
thenticated by clerk 
of, 286. (See aluo 
Great Britain, Parlia- 
ment of.) 
Concord, 113. 
Connecticut, 1, 10, 16, 31, 46, 65, 79, 104, 129, 

142, 162, 197, 232, 252, 260, 265, 294, 302. 
Constitution, attack upon the, 286-7, 311. 
Cordage, 221, r>3. (See also Imports.) 
Corn. (See Breadstufts.) 
Corporations, Societies, etc., 91, 226. (See 

also the following:) 
Linen Manufacture, Society 

of. 

Manufactory Company. 
Correspondence, foreign, 41. (See / 
Letters.) 



336 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 



Council, 190, 250, 253. 

members of, 55, 99, 110, 148, 159, 160, 
187, 188, 261, 306, 308-9, 310, 311, 
316,318,323. 
Chamber, 160, 304. 
Minutes, 189. 

vote of, concerning certain deposi- 
tions, 188-9. 
County, the. (See Suffolk County.) 

Treasury, 5, 51, 67, 81, 107, 134. 
bridge, 40. 

Treasurer, choice of, 47, 48. 
Gaol. (See Goal, county.) 
Tax. (See Taxes.) 
Court, general. (See Assembly.) 

of general or quarter sessions, 4,12, 
19,31, 37, 48,61, 68, 148, 163,198, 
239, 267, 272. 
Inferior, of Common Pleas, 160, 161, 

323. 
of Judicature, 286. 

admiralty, 155, 287, 288. 
law, 159, 160. 
Probate, 160. 
House, 196, 286. 
new, 291. 
cannon and guard to remove 

from about, 285-6. 
Cowkeeper, choice of, 3, 18, 35, 50, 55, 70, 

109, 133, 167, 204, 235, 269. 
Cross street, 23. 
Custom House, 169, 173. 

officers, 187, 256, 308, 309, 

316. 

Comptroller of, 187, 188, 193, 308. 
Board of Customs, Commissioners of, 
250, 253, 254, 256, 258, 297, 299, 303- 
25. 

Dairy produce, 221, 224. (See alto Im. 

ports.) 

Deeds, 89, 101, 216. 
of sale, 10. 
Registrar of, 163. 
titles of the Land stream, 135. (See 

also Lands; etc.) 

Deer, law for the preservation of, etc., breach 
of, informers against, 3, 18, 35, 50, 
70, 82, 109, 132, 166, 204, 235, 
269. 
Island, lease of, 15. 

head, to preserve from en- 
croachments of the sea, 97, 
149-50. 

rent of, to abate, 220, 237-8. 
Depositions, 189, 190, lv)3, 194. 
to take, 187. 
to keep secret, 188. 
vote of Council on, 188-9. 
Disease, infectious, spread of, to prevent, 52, 
53, 102-:, 104, 112, 117, 118, 122. (See 
also Small Pox.) 
Dock, the, 48,57, 5S, 64-5. 

watch house at head of, 62. 
warehouse on, to repair, 144. 
Square, 30, 55. 

town pump in, 41. 
incumbrance, to remove, 54. 
petition concern- 
ing, 55. 

hucksters in, 210. 
Dorchester, 40, 46, 282. 
Drains, 87. 

Duck or sail cloth, to manufacture, 227, 230, 
239, 249-50. 

Eastern Frontier, garrison service on, to 

maintain, 121. 

Education, 183. (Seealxo Schools.) 
Effigies, hanged upon Liberty Tree, 305-6. 
Election, 250 253, 278. 
Election, declaration of rights to freedom of, 

278. 



England, 44, 190, 193, 196, 258, 259, 262, 28T, 

321. 

letters from, 175. 
Europe, 178. 

not to import commodities from, 221, 

223-4, 289. 
(See alto Imports.) 



Faneuil Hall, 1, 10, 15, 16, 22, 28, 29, 31, 40, 

79, 88, 96, 102, 104, 110-11, 113, 

123, 125, 129, 141. 148, 152, 155, 

157, 158, 16-J, 170-1, 172, 174, 

176, 176, 186, 190, 191, 194, 195, 

197,210,211,215, 218, 21,220, 

227,230,232,244, 250,252,253, 

257, 2.-.9, 264, 265, 277, 294, 295, 

297,301,302,313,319. 

Market, 3, 12, Ifi, 20, 27, 28, 29, 

30, 33, 43, 48, 59, 

64-5, !iO. 

clerk of, 3, 12, 19, 20, 
33, 43, 59, 110, 210, 
238, 237. 
shops on north side of, 

16, 19,23. 
rents of, 171 . 
to regulate, 210-11. 
to furnish weights for, 

210. 
repairs, 54, 59, 61, 153, 154, 161, 

170-1,190, 196,291. 
cellar under, to dig, 61. 
lottery, 87, 136, 139, 153, 154, 

222, 225, 291. 
portraits to be placed in, 157, 

179,212,218. 
artist of portrait of 

Col. Barre, 212. 
artist of portrait of 
Hon. H. S. Conway, 
218. 

to illuminate, 205. 
Farmer, letters from a, 241, 243-4. (See also 

Letters.) 

Fast Day, appointed, 264. 
Ferries : 

Charlestown, 8. 
Old Salutation, 195. 

Fifth of November ( Guy Fawkes') disturb- 
ances on, to guard against, 224. 
Fines, penalties, etc., 4, 17, 25, 30-1, 36, 38, 
57, 61, 62,71, 76, 86. 106, 118,124, 138, 147, 
149, 164, 165, 182, 198, 218, 234, 240, 259, 
267, 287, 288, 290. 

Fire, water engines, 45, 53, 167, 219, 221, 224. 
repairs, 45. 
houses, 45, 58. 
men, 45, 167, 176. 

excused from other 

offices, 45, 167. 
allowance, 167. 
bon-fires, to prevent, 

176, 205, 307. 
works prohibited, 176. 
great (of Mar. 20, 1760), 40, 43, 104. 
relief for sufferers from, 41, 44, 

104, 210. 
to prevent spread of, 40-1, 44-5, 60, 97, 

215. 

cleansing streets after, 41. 
concerning ladders for, 54-5. 
meetings, 55. 
Firewards, 45, 98, 176, 234. 

choice of, 2, 17, 35, 48, 68-9, 83, 
107,134-5, 138,163-4, 172, 198-9, 
200, 233, 248, 266-7. 

First Church, 65. ( See. (duo Meeting Houses.) 
Fish house. (See Market.) 

street, paving of, 111, 115. 
Fisheries, 15. 
Flax, 226, 228, 230-1. 

Fortifications, 42, 144, 151, 208, 216, 309, 310, 
315, 316,317, 318, 324. 



INDEX TO SUBJECTS. 



337 



Fortifications, highway withiu, to repair, 68, 

79, 189, 219. 
gates of, to rebuild, 76. 

land near, to lease, 

196, 208. 

"line of defence," 100. 
garrisoned unnecessarily, to 

abolish, 13. 

pavement near, to repair, 209. 
Fourteenth Regiment, to station in Boston, 

296. 

France, war with, 15. 121, 264. 
French neutrals, support of, to consider, 

24. 
Funerals, regulations concerning, 224. 

gloves and other apparel worn at, 

224. 
Furniture, household, 221, 223. (See also 

Imports.) 
Furs, 221, 223. (See also ImportB.) 



Gallop's Point, 279, 281. 

Garrison, service on Eastern frontier, 121. 

Glass, manufacture of, 222, 228. 

duties upon, 229, 324. 

Gloves, 221, 223, 224. (See also Imports.) 
Glue, 221 , 224. ( See aho Imports.) 
samples of, ^ 



imprisoned in, 302-3. 
Golden Ball, the, 137, 144. (See alao Tav- 

erns.) 

Governor, the, 26, 31, 44, 78, 110, 114, 120, 
148, 160,187,188, 192, 193, 
250, 253, 255, 260, 263, 280, 
236, 296, 299, 300, 303-25. 
residence of, 255. 
address to, 31-2, 38, 55-6, 
159, 160, 254, 272. 
reply, 38-9, 256-7, 

261. 
application to, to convene 

the Assemhly, 222-3. 
letters from.ei ali., 297, 300, 

303-25. 

Grain, 6, 68, 147, 167-8, 214, 248, 253, 271, 
282. (See also Breadstuffs.) 

purchases of, 4, 19, 38, 52, 71, 84, 91, 

110, 135, 168, 204, 236, 270, 291. 
price of, sale of, etc., 4, 19, 38, 52, 71, 

84, 110, 135-6, 168, 204, 236, 270. 
Granary on the Common, to repair, 22. 

keeper of, 4, 6, 19, 
38, 52, 72, 84, 85-6, 
110, 112, 168, 204, 
205, 236, 237, 270, 
271. 

accounts of, 6, 19, 37, 
52, 72, 85-6, 112, 
135, 167-8, 205, 237, 
271. 

Great Britain, 15, 44, 120, 121, 122, 154, 155, 

173, 176, 178, 182, 183, 184, 

186, 191, 228, 243, 256, 286, 

287, 289, 309, 324. 

Parliament of, 41, 120, 155, 

156,157,175,177-8, 

191,195,227,258-9, 

287, 299, 303, 314, 

315, 324, 

House of Commons, 

286. 

members of, 153, 157, 
175, 177, 274, 298, 
299, 300. 

Acts of, 155,194,195, 
228-9,254,256,257, 
259, 261, 262, 263, 
264, 286, 287, 288. 
Session of, 178. 
Agent from the Province to, 
33,36,37, 41, 44, 121, 122, 
190, 212, 255, 299, 303. 



Great Britain, letter to, 43-4, 190, 191-4, 212, 

257, 272. 

from House of Repre- 
sentatives to, 299. 
Great Seal of, 256. 
money collected in, for suf- 
ferers from great fire of 
1760, 44, 104. 

Representatives from, 183. 
letters to the Ministry of, 297, 

303. 

importations from, 264, 289, 

297-8. (See alxo Imports.) 

Guard outside Court House, to remove, 285-6. 

Gun-house. (See Powder house, Armories, 

etc.) 

Halifax, 258,259. 

regiments from, 307, 319, 325. 
Hancock's Hospital, 139. 

wharf, 256, 309. (See alto 

Wharves.) 
Harbor, the, 97, 149. 

Man-of-War in, 258-9. 

to order, to 
leave, 255, 
256-7. 

(See also Ships, Vessels, etc. 
Harness, etc., 221, 223. (See also Imports.) 
Hats, etc., 221, 223. (See also Imports.) 
Hay, 243. 

engrossing of, 28. 
purchase of, 241, 250. 
Hayward. (See Cow-keeper.) 
Hemp, 227, 228, 230-1. 

surveyors of, 3, 18, 35, 50, 70, 82, 108, 

132, 166, 203, 2:34, 268. 
Hog alley, nuisancu in, to abate, 97, 99. 
turnpikes for, to provide, 99. 
Hogreeves. (See Swine, regulating of.) 
Hollis Street Church, 71, 84. (See alto 

Meetinghouses.) 

Hollow ware, 221, 224. (See also Imports.) 
Hospital, innoculating, proposal to erect, 

51-2, 123. 
for insane, to erect, 126, 139, 179, 

184,207. 

to be called Hancock's 
Hospital, 139. 

Idiots. (See Insane, etc.) 
Illuminations, 175-6, 205. 
Immorality. (See Intemperance.) 
Imports, 169, 193, 221-2, 223-4, 228. 

to curtail, list of, 221-2, 223-4. 
non-importation of British goods, 

264, 289, 297-8. 
ships' cargoes, 287. 
Impressment of sailors, 256, 259. 
Indian meal. (See Breads'uffs.) 

fraud in weight of, 240-1. 
Indians, 121. 
Inhabitants, 262, 284. 

French neutrals, support of, 42. 
and freeholders of Boston, ad- 
dress to, 221-2, 249-50. 
to arm themselves, 264. 
petition of, concerning troops 

quartered upon them, 296. 
Innholders, not to sell liquors, etc., to negroes 

or mulatto servants, 20. 
number of houses licensed, to re- 
duce, 20, 39. 

Innoculation. (See Small Pox.) 
Insane, 126, 139. 

bequest of Hon. Thomas Hancock to 
erect hospital for the insane, 126, 
139, 179, 184, 207. 

and idiots, 140. (See also Hospi- 
tals.) 
Insurrection (no called) of Mar. 18, 1769, 

304-10, 314-15, 322. 

Intemperance, immorality, profanity, etc* 
273, 274, 275. 



338 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 



Intemperance, tending to Increase, 296. 
Ireland, 226. 

regiments from, 323. (See also 

Troops.) 
Iron, 228. 
Islands: 
Deer. 
Jamaica. 
. Noddles. 
West India. 



Jackson's mills, 40. (See also Mills.) 
Jamaica, 195. (See also Ships, Vessels, etc.) 
Jewelry, 221, 2-3. (See also Imports.) 
JoUflT 8 lane, to widen, 137. 
Journal of the Watch, to be kept by the 

head watchman, 62. 
Jury, petit, 2u9. 

men, 149, 155, 209. 

list of, 150, 242. 

committee on, 71, 85, 289. 
trial by, 287. 
Justices, 5, 76, 148, 149, 160, 323. 



Kilby street, 206. 
King street, 41. 

wharf at lower end of, 89. 



Lace, 221, 223. (See also Imports.) 
Lamb, time to fix for sale of, 172, 240. 

Charlestown's agreement concerning 

sale of, 289-90. 

Land or buildings, town's, 12, 13, 30, 42, 53, 
60, 6-', 83, 89, 92, 93, 99, 100, 101, 115, 
137 144, 145, 170, 139, 190, 196, '220, 
222, 273. 

near Fort hill, to sell, 10. 
to authorize sale of, by town, 10, 20. 
leases of, 12, 13, 15-16, 145, 148, 150-1, 

273. 

on the neck, 12, 13, 86-7, 93, 115, 119, 
123, 125-6, 127, 136-7, 
141, 145, 147-8, 150-1, 
189, 208-9, 215, 216, 
2J8, 241. 
lease of, 127, 128, 136-7, 

189, 190, 208, 209. 
north of Almshouse, 170. 
near South Market, 170. 
purchase of, by town, 14. 
and shops on north side of Faneuil 

Hall market, 16, 19, 23. 
at South Battery, 42. 
repairs for town's estates, 91. 
grant of land at Braiutree, 147. 
near Fortification Gates on Neck, to 

lease, 196, 203. 
trespass on, 273, 274. 
salt marsh toward Charlestown, 279-81. 
to revert to town, 2B1, 282. 
Lands or buildings 

Owners: 

Allen, Jeremiah, h., 27, 39. 
Bcndal, Edward, 1., 279. 

Bradford, , b., 214. 

Bromfield, , s.. 48. 

Burch, , h., 305. 
Burden, George, 1., 280. 
Button, John, 1., 280. 
Gallop, John, 1., 279. 

Gibbs, , s., 48. 

Hallowell, Benj., 1., 41, 128, 

h., 128-9. 

Hancock, Thomas, 1., 119. 
Hill, John, 1., 280. 
Hodson, Thomas, 1., 14, 119, 

14!). 

Holliday, Edward, 1., and 
h., 8. 

Hudson, . (See Hodson.) 

Hunt, Alexander, 1., 10. 



Lands or buildings 
Owners: 

Hutcbinson, Hon. Eliakim, 

h.,30. 

Inches, Henderson, w. h., 
30. 

Jackson, , m., 40. 

Jeffries, David, 1., 209, 215. 

Kent, , h., 214. 

Kneeland, Solomon, 1., 20, 
87, 94, 93. 

Low, , h., 279, 280, 281. 

Muliineux, William. I., 119. 

Paxton, , h., 30i, 307. 

Peck, , 1., 128-9. 

Baiter, , h., 206. 

Simons, Henry, etali.,].,219, 

280. 
Tyler, Joseph, sh., 58. 

Waterhousc, , s., 43. 

Wheatloy, Johu, 1., 41. 

Williams, , h., 307. 

Laws, 261, 263, 264. 2S7, 206. 

breach of, to prosecute, 31, 60, 149, 152, 

161, 205, 225. 
tending to, 296. 
to enforce, 271. 
doctor of, 299. (See also Orders, 

town.) 

Leases. (See Lands.) 

Leather, sealers of, 3, 19,35, 50, 70, 82, 96, 109, 
132, 1G6, 170,203-4,235, 
269. 

hammers for use of, 139. 
tanners, 70. 
dresser, 20. (See also 

Trades.) 

sole, 221, 223. ( See also Imports.) 
Letters, 230, 251, 261, 272, 286. 
from selectmen, 232. 
to agents to Great Britain, 41, 43, 257. 
from Mr. Zacharinh Hicks, 56. 
selectmen of Chelsea, 123. 
Doctors Perkins and Loyd, 123. 
selectmen to selectmen of other 
towns within the Province, 
263-4,321. 

to Hon. Thos. Cushing from mer- 
chants of New York, 264. 
from selectmen of Charlestown, 289- 

90. 

to Sheriff and Deputy, 161. 
town clerk from town of Plymouth, 

168-9. 
of thanks to town of Plymouth, to 

draw up, 170. 
reply to, 172-3. 
from England, 175. 

Col. Barree to Hon. James Otis, 

177-8, 'J.13-9. 
Gen. Conway to Hon. James 

Otis, 178-9. 

draft of, to persons in London, 190. 
to Dennis Deberdt, Esq., 190, 191-4, 

212, 272. 
Hon. James Otis, from merchants in 

New York, 195. 
to Col. Barre, 212, 256. 
from Secy. Conway to lion. Thomas 

Gushing, 217-18. 

from Committee to lion. H. S. Con- 
way, 218. 
author of series of, signed " a farmer," 

to thank, 211,242, 243-4. 
letter from committee to, 243-4. 
from John Lane of London, 236. 

Gov. Bernard e t all. to Ministry 
of Great Britain, 297-300,3u3-25. 
Leveret street, 206. 

Leveret's wharf, 100. (See also Wharves.) 
Liberty Tree, 313. 

notice posted on, 312. 
hanging of effigies upon, 305-6. 
(See also Effigies.) 



INDEX TO SUBJECTS. 



339 



Licenses, for sale of wines, liquors, etc., pub- 
lic houses, victuallers, etc., 20. 
houses licensed, to reduce number 
of, 20, 39. (See a/wlnnholders.) 
Line of defence. (See Fortifications.) 
Linen Manufacture, Society of, 91, 226. 

books tind accounts of, 
22ri. ( See also Corpo- 
rations, Societies), etc. 
to manufacture, 222, 225, 226-7, 228, 

230-1. 

to supply, 231. 

Liquors, malt, 221, 224. (See also Imports.) 
excessive use of, to discourage, 228. 
excise on, 252. 

Loaf sugar, 221, 223. (See also Imports.) 
London, 37, 41, 178, 190, 218, 224, 231, 272, 

293, 303. 

Aldermen of the city, 299. 
Long lane, paving of, 73, 137, 289. 

wharf, 89, 90, 98, 101. (See also 

Wharves.) 

Lotteries, 59, 68, 171, 225, 291, 292. 
Boston, 28. 
accounts of, to examine, 5, 11, 34, 44, 

136, 139, 153, 154,222. 
reports thereon, 9, 13, 44. 
application to the general court, 54. 
"Kaneuil Hall," 87, 111, 112, 136, 

139, 153-4,222,225,291. 
Louisbourg, 15. 

Magna Charta, 288. 

Maiden, 282. 

Manufactory Company, 215, 293. (See also 

Corporations, etc.) 
House, 231, 250, 322-3. 
Manufactures, 121, 221, 223, 225, 226, 229, 230, 

231,27"). 

to encourage, 222, 223, 228, 239, 
249-50. (See also Trade, 
interests of.) 
Maps and plans, 209. 

plan of the " line of defence," 100. 
cove, 100. 

line of Milk street, 129. 
Marblehead, 181. 

Market, 26, 47, 54, 77, 86, 90, 170, 179. 
places, 55. 

clerks of the, 2, 3, 12, 17-18, 20, 33, 
49, 59, 63, 82, 96, 107, 110, 130-1, 
165, 172, 180, 199, 210, 234, 236, 237, 
242, 267, 277. 

Faneuil Hall, 3, 12, 16, 20, 27, 28,29, 
30, 4 1, 48, 59, 64, 90, 
110,236,237. 
shops on north side of, 

16,23. 

to regulate, 210-11. 
fish, 58, 65. 
forestalling the, 30-1, 67, 76, 86, 90, 

301-2. 
copy of bills relating to, 

302. 

South, 170. 
Market square, 302. 
Masons, 59. (See also Trades.) 
Massachusetts Bay, Province of, 1,9, 10, 16, 
22, 29, 31, 32, 34, 37, 39, 42, 
46, 55, 58, 65, 71, 79, 84, 90, 
97, 101, lit, 112, 120, 121, 
122, 129, 138, 139, 143, 149, 
153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 159, 
160, 161, 162, 169, 173, 175, 
177, 179, 182, 183, 184, 187, 
188, 19 i, 194, 195, 197, 200, 
206, 216, 217, 219, 220, 221, 
222, 223, 224, 225, 226, 227, 
228,229, 230,232, 237, 244, 
252, 254, 259, 260, 262, 263, 
264, 271, 274, 285, 286, 294, 
295, 296, 297, 299, 30<>, 301, 
302, 303, 308, 314, 315, 317, 
321, 322, 325. 



Massachusetts Bay, Agent to great Britain 

from, 33,36,37,41,44, 

190, 122, 255, 299, 303. 

letter to,43-4,190,191-4. 

Meeting houses : 

Brattle Street Church (Mr. Cooper's) , 46, 

61,62. 
OldSouth (Sev. Dr. Sewall's), 48, 49, 253. 

2o6. 

Old North, 62, 71. 

First Church (Rev. Dr. Chauncy's), 65. 
Old Brick, 71, 196. 
Hollis Street Church (Rev. Mr. Byles'), 

71,84. 

Christ Church, 189. 
Memoriale. (See Letters.) 
Merchantmen. (See Ships, Vessels, etc.) 
Merchants, 41, 44, 122, 169, 194, 195, 228, 264, 
289, 297-8. (See also Trade.) 
names of, non-concurring, 298. 
Military, 217. 

Milk street, 128-9, 214. 242. 250. 
Mill bridge, 147, 241, 282, 294, 295. (See also 

Bridge.) 
creek (or stream), new mills on, to 

erect, 248, 27, 281. 
Pond mills, 147. (See also Mills.) 
Mills, Jackson's, 40. 

grist, 253, 279-82, 294, 295. 

to regulate, 135, 147, 241, 242. 
Mill Pond, 147. 

grant of land to owners of, 147, 279. 
to erect, 248, 279, 280-2. 
reversion of land at, to town, 294. 
North, 282. 

millers subject to fine, 147. 
Mobs. (See Riots.) 
Molasses, seizure of vessel laden with, 316, 

317. 

Moon court, paving of, 115. 
Mourning, regulations regarding, 169. 

apparel, 224. 
Mustard, 221, 223. (See also Imports.) 

Nails, sheathing and deck, 221, 223. (See 

also Imports.) 

Neck, the, 12, 13, 20, 93, 115, 119, 123, 125-6, 
127, 136-7, 150-1, 196, 215, 216, 
233, 241. 
land and house on, 12, 13. 

lease of, 127, 128, 136-7, 148, 

150-1, 189, 190, 208-9. 
paving of, 20. 

making of brick at, 86-7, 93. 
damage at, from storm, 115, 119, 

145. 
dams on each side of, 144, 145, 

147-8. 

trespass at, to prosecute, 209. 
Negroes and Mulattoes, sale of liquor to, 

without written order, forbidden, 20. 
Neponset river, bridge over, 40, 46. (See 

also Bridge.) 

New England, 32, 43, 173, 177, 253, 260. 
New Hampshire, 1, 10, 16, 31, 46, 65, 79, 104, 
129, 162, 197, 232, 252, 260, 265, 294, 302. 
New London, 181. 
New York, 258, 259, 324, 325. 

merchants of, 195, 264. 

agreement of, as to 

non-importation of 

British goods, 264. 

Newspapers, 58, 106, 112, 157, 174,230,264, 

272, 289 296, 298. 
letter to publish in, 243-4, 272. 
Noddle's island, 123. (See also Islands.) 
North End, 279, 294. 

writing school at, 284. 
North Mills. (See Mills.) 
Notes of common tenor, payable on demand, 
196. 

Oil, linseed, 221, 224. (See also Imports.) 
Old Brick Church, 71, 296. (See also Meet 
ing houses.) 



340 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 



Old North meeting-house, watch house by, 

62. (See also Meeting houses.) 
Salutation ferry, 195. (See also Ferries.) 
South, 48, 49, 253, 256. (See also Meet- 
ing bouses.) 
Orange street, 20. 

lands on both sides, 216. 
Orders, town, 1, 9, 10, 12, 16, 22, 29, 30, 31, 

40, 46, 71, 77, 90, 98, 122. 
to frame, 54-5, 60, 76, 86. 
to collect for printing, 9, 12. 
to revise, 273. 
Orders, town, concerning dirt in the streets, 

12. 

liquor, sale of, to 
negroes and mu- 
lattoes, 20. 

provisions, purchase of, 30-1. 
sweeping of chimnies, 60-1, 

106, 123-4. 

firing of chimnies, 123. 
regulating of swine, 71, 76-7. 
relating to wood, etc., 77. 
infectious diseases, 112. 
concerning grist mill, to 

amend, 135, 147. 
additional Rules and, 29-30. 
Ordnance, 217, 220, 248, 285. 



Paint, duties on, 324. 

Paper, manufacture of, 222, 225, 228. 

duties upon, 229, 324. 
Papers. (See Records.) 
Parchment, Rolls of, to provide, 140. 
Parliament of Great Britain. (See Great Brit- 
ain, Parliament.) 
Perambulations or Surveys, 209. 
line of Bread street, to alter, 128. 
Milk street, to run, 128-9. 
lands on the neck, 208, 216. 
Pipe, manufacture of, proposed, 226. 
Plans. (See Maps and Plans.) 
Plate, wrought, 221, 223. ( See also Imports.) 
Plymouth, 168, 169, 170, 172-3, 174. 
Point Shirley, 15. 
Polls and Estates. (See Taxes.) 
Poor, 8, 22, 26, 29, 84, 91, 106, 110, 136, 175, 

205, 214, 230, 236. 
support of, 7, 42, 71, 110, 270. 
appropriation for, 7, 24, 42, 58, 93, 118, 

145, 185, 214, 247, 293. 
to be employed in manufacturing linen, 
222, 225, 226-7, 230-1, 239-40, 249-50. 
employment for.to provide,273-4,27u-7. 
Overseers of the, 1, 2, 4, 6, 7, 11, 16-17, 
22, 25, 26, 29, 32, 33, 
38, 42, 47, 52, 57, 
60, 65-6, 68, 71, 72, 
74, 78, 79-80, 84, 85, 
87,90,91,93,95,98, 
105, 106, 110, Jll, 
114, 116, 118, 130, 
133-4, 136, 138, 141, 
144, 163, 167, 170, 
172, 181, 182, 197, 
198, 200, 205, 207, 
208, 212, 214, 218, 
232-3, 236, 240, 245, 
248, 253, 266, 270, 
271, 275, 276, 277, 
282, 283, 284, 290, 
291, 323. 

interest due, for 
money advanced, 
7, 22, 38, 52, 71, 84, 
110, 111, 136, 282. 
Portraits: 

Col. Isaac Barre, 157, 206, 207, 212, 218. 
Hon. Gen. Conway, 157, 179, 218. 
Powder. (See Arms and Ammunition.) 

house, 176, 217, 248, 273. (See also 

Common.) 
Prince street, 8. 



Printing, 264, 300. 

town orders to collect for, 9, 12. 
thanks for donations, put in, 40. 
advertisements in the newspapers, 
58, 106, 112, 157, 174, 230, 264, 289, 
296. 
adjournment of town meeting, to 

print, 146. 

hand-bills, to print, 210. 
copies of list of imports, to curtail, 

to publish and distribute, 224. 
copy of draft relative to Gov. Ber- 
nard et ali., to print, 299-301. 
Privateers. (See Ships, etc.) 
Protestant religion. (See Religion, Protes- 
tant.) 
Protestants may have arms for their defence, 

264. 
Province, the. (See Massachusetts Bay, 

Province of.) 
Treasury, 5, 51, 67, 81, 107, 134, 

291. 
Treasurer. (See Treasurer, 

Province.) 
Tax. (See Taxes.) 
charge, 91. 
lands, 121. 
law as to surveyors of highways, 

138, 142. 
laws, 264. 
Provisions, 90. 

to regulate price of, 30. 

purchase, 68, 111. 
sale of, 210, 211. 
Pump, town, 41. 
Purchase street, paving of, 57, 58. 

Queen street, 11, 12, 24. 

school in, 11, 12, 24, 26, 59, 75, 
78, 94, 96, 114, 115, 142, 
145-6, 181, 185, 212, 213, 246, 
247, 283, 285. 

Rates, 8, 8, 9, 21, 25, 29, 42, 58, 63, 64, 66, 71, 

73-4, 86, 91, 92, 93, 98, 99, 101-2, 

110, 121, 122, 127, 136, 137, 144, 151, 

155, 170, 200-2, 206, 207, 223, 240, 

241, 242, 243, 262, 271-2, 287, 290-3, 

295, 299, 301, 302, 303. 

collectors of, 2, 4-5. 6, 7, 8, 15, 21, 25, 

29, 33, 36, 38, 39, 48, 49, 

51, 57, 67, 68, 71, 72, 73, 

80,81,85,86,91,92,98-9, 

101-2,107-8,111,118,129, 

134, 138, 142-3, 150, 151, 

158, 164-5, 182, 198, 199, 

200-3, 205-6, 214, 215, 

216-17, 218, 219, 220, 236, 

238, 239, 240, 241, 242, 

243, 265, 267, 268, 271-2, 

290-1, 292, 293-95, 299, 

301, 303. 

allowance, 4-5, 7, 13, 15, 
21,36,51,67,71,81,107-8, 
111, 134, 164-5, 206, 268. 
premiums, 51,67, 68, 81,91, 
92, 108. 134, 143, 150, 165, 
200-1,202, 203, 205-6, 214, 
216-17, 220, 236, 238, 268, 
291. 

abatement of, 8, 9, 13-14, 20-1, 22, 
23-4, 33-4, 38, 39, 41-2, 52, 57, 71-2, 
84, 86, 91, 92, 111, 118, 137, 138, 143, 
170, 182, 200, 206, 218, 237, 240, 
270-1, 290. 

Rawson's lane, paving of, 49. 
Reception, public, tendered Lord Adam 

Gorden, 153. 

reply to an address, 153-4. 
Records, town's, 6, 38, 52, 60, 68, 72, 86, 89, 
99, 100-1, 112, 118, 135, 138, 143, 147, 156, 
160, 167, 182, 205, 218, 237, 250, 271, 278, 
279, 281, 290, 320. 
Religion, protestant, 261. 



INDEX TO SUBJECTS. 



341 



Rents, records of land, etc., 6, 25, 27, 38, 57, 
71, 86, 91, 118, 145, 182, 208, 218, 
240. 

to abate, 12-13, 220, 237-8. 
Representatives, 10, 22-3, 28, 28, 33, 36, 37, 
40, 63, 63, 73, 78, 86, 90, 
95, 100, 102, 113, 114, 116, 
118, 119, 122, 141, 149, 
150,152,155,156, 161,162, 
174, 180, 181, 188, 190, 
195, 200, 212, 223, 224, 
225, 232, 245, 252, 254, 
263, 279, 284. 

choice of, 10, 2? 23, 40, 57, 
72, 73, 83, 113, 125, 141, 
157-8, 176-7, 211, 244-5, 
278. 

address to, 36-7, 55-6, 
120-2, 155, 157, 182-4, 
227-30, 257-9, 285-9. 
House of, 63-4, 120, 156, 
180, 183, 190, 
194, 239, 252, 
259, 286, 289, 
299, 300, 317, 
325. 

Agent from, to 
Great Britain, 
299. 
Revenue, 287. 

Acts, 258-9. 

to repeal, 324. (See also 

Taxes.) 

Rhode Island, 1, 10, 16, 31, 46, 65, 79, 104, 
1J9, 162, 197, 232, 252, 260, 265, 294, 
302 
Riots, 323. 

to suppress, 169, 173, 175-fl, 187-8, 190, 

192,225,308,309,316. 
papers posted tending to incite, 225. 
to prevent, 307. 
Rolls, subscription, 225. 

Romney (Man of War), 255, 256-7, 258-9, 
303, 314, 316. (See also Ships, Vessels, 
etc.) 
Roxbury, 255, 315-16. 

great road leading to, 216. 
Russia, 227. 
Rye. (See Breadstuff's.) 



Salaries or allowance, 71, 73, 74,84, 91,111, 

133, 136, 168, 199, 210, 212, 

237, 271. 
John Fenno, 6, 19, 37, 72, 86, 

112, 168. 

Benjamin Penno, 205, 237, 271. 
Samuel Grant, 9, 13. 
Thomas Hill, 9, 13. 
Joshua Henshaw, 9, 13, 44. 
Joseph Jackson, 9, 13, 44. 
Thomas Cushing, 9, 13, 44, 112, 

139. 

Samuel Hewes, 9, 13, 44, 112, 139. 
John Scollay, 9, 13, 44, 112, 139. 
Peleg Wiswall, 11, 24, 42, 43, 58, 
75, 94, 115, 145, 
185, 200. 
assistant for, 15. 
John Lovell, 11, 24, 42, 58, 75, 94, 

115, 145, 185, 21-2-13, 246, 283. 
Abia Holbrook, 11-12, 24, 42, 59, 

75, 94, 116, 146, 185, 186, 213, 246, 

247. 
James Lovel, 43, 59, 75, 94, 116, 

126,143, 185, 213,247,283. 
Zachariah Hicks, 12, 24, 42. 
Samuel Holyoke, 12, 24, 43, 59, 

75, 94, 115, 145, 185, 213. 
John Proctor, 12, 24, 43, 59, 75, 

94, 115, 145, 185, 213, 246, 283. 
Nathl. Gardner, 12, 24. 
John Vinal, 12, 25, 43, 59, 75, 76, 

94, 116, 119. 



Salaries, or allowance 

John Tileston, 12, 25, 43, 59, 75, 
94, 95, 116, 146, 185, 213, 247, 
283, 284. 
David Jeffries, 12, 25, 43, 59, 76, 

95, 116, 146, 186, 214, 247, 2S4. 
Isaac Dupee, 12, 20. 
Hugh MeDaniel, 13. 
Edward Holliday, 20-1. 
Abijah Adams, 43, 59. 
Ephrm. Laugdon, 25, 43, 59, 75, 

94, 116, 146. 

Benj. Austin, 44, 112, 139. 
Andrew Oliver, 44. 
in lieu of land taken from Solomon 

Koeelaod, US. 
Samuel Bewail, 112, 139. 
Saml. P. Savage, 112, 139. 
Ezekiel Lewis, 112, 139. 
James Day, 112. 
Josiah Langdon, 185. 
James Carter, 185, 213, 247, 283. 
Duncan Clark, 212. 
Samuel Hunt, 213, 246, 283. 
Nathaniel Heath, 222. 
James Clemmens, 237. 
Mary Pratt, 238. 
William Cooper, 251. 
Samuel Holbrook, 283. 
Assistants at writing school on 

the Common, 284. 
Salutation Tavern, 214, 222. (See also 

Taverns.) 

Scarlet's wharf, 99. (See also Wharves.) 
Scavengers, work and duties, 236. 

to enforce, 236, 271. 
choice of, 3, 18, 34, 60, 69-70, 
83-4, 110, 133, 167, 207, 236, 
270. 

names of, 236, 270. 
Schools, 10-11, 14, 24-5, 26, 73, 145, 132, 207, 

245, 271, 284. 

masters, 11, 13, 14-15, 24, 54, 56, 58, 
71, 73, 74, 84, 88, 92, 93, 94-5, 111, 
115-16, 145-6, 185, 200, 212-13, 271, 
274, 284, 291. 

visitation of the, 10-11, 25, 45-6, 77-8, 
95-6, 113-15, 141-2, 180-1, 
211-12,245-6,284-5. 
statistics, 11, 26, 46, 78, 96, 
114, 142, 181, 212, 246, 
283-4, 285. 

ushers, 11, 13, 14, 24, 25, 43, 56, 59, 
75, 94, 116, 118-19, 125, 126, 
146, 185, 207, 213, 242, 247, 
271,274,284. 

payment of, 7, 11, 42, 54, 71, 
74, 94-5, 168, 185-6, 199, 
207, 212, 237, 246-7, 274. 
grammar, South, 11, 12, 24, 26, 42, 
43, 46, 58, 59, 75, 78, 94, 
96,114,115,116,125,126, 
142,145-6,181,185,209, 
210, 212, 213, 246, 247, 
283, 285. 

North, 11, 13, 15, 24, 25, 

26,42, 43,46, 5S, 

59, 75, 78, 94, 

96,114,116,142, 

145-6, 181, 185, 

209-10, 212, 213, 

246, 247, 283. 

master lor, 200, 

208, 209, 

210. 

late, 200. 

writing, to erect at South end, 271. 
North, 11, 12, 14, 24, 25, 26, 
43,46, 56,59,75,78,95,96, 
114, 116,142,146,181, 185, 
212, 213, 247, 283, 285. 
South, 11, 12, 26, 48, 75, 
78, 96, 114, 118, 142, 181, 
212, 271. 



342 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 88. 



Schools, writing, In Queen street, 11, 12, 24, 
26, 43, 46, 69, 75, 78, 94, 
96, 114, 115, 142, 145-6, 
181, 185, 212, 213, 246, 247, 
283, 285. 

on the Common, 24, 25, 42, 
43, 69, 94, 116, 146, 185, 
186, 207, 213, 247, 283, 284. 
at North End, 284. 
Latin, North, 282-3. 
spinning, 275. 

mistresses for, 275, 276. 
Sconce, the. (See Battery, South.) 
Scotland, 226. 

Selectmen, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, 15, 20, 25-6, 
27, 28, 31, 38, 39, 40, 41, 46, 48, 
60, 67, Gl, 62, 64, 67, 68, 71, 72, 
73,76, 77-8, 88, 89, 90, 91, S3, 
95, 96, 09, 102-3, 104-5, 106, 108, 
111,112, 113,114, 117,118, 122, 
123, 124, 125, 127, 128, 129, 130, 
135, 137, 138, 139, 141, 142, 144, 
146-7, 148. 150, 152, 154. 157, 158, 
164, 165, 167, 170, 175, 176, 177, 
180-1, 182, 186, 189, 190, 195, 196, 
200,205, 206,210, 211,214,217, 
218, 219, 220, 2J2, 225, 232, 235, 
236, 2i7, 238, "240, 244, 245, 246, 
248, 230, 251, 252, 253, 260, 263, 
265, 2 .8, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 
277,278, 280, 284, 285, '289, 290, 
293, 2S7, 300, 302, 307, 313, 316, 
320, 321. 

choice of, 1, 4, 16, 31, 46-7, 52-3, 
65, 79, 104-5, 1*0, 149, 162, 164, 
197, 262, 266. 
reports of, 6, 52, 112, 272. 
petition to, 64. 
as committee on lists of jurors, 

71, 186, 214, 250, 289. 
committee to receive subscrip- 
tions and enroll names of 
benefactors, 140. 
minute books, 251. 
Ships, Vessels, etc., 15, 100, 256, 259,287,289, 

308, 30i, 316. 

loss of, to the French, 15. 
armed, 258, 314. 
Yard, l'-8-9. 
Man-of-War, 255, 256-7, 258-9, 308, 

311, 314, 316. 
privateers, 259. 
merchantmen, 259. 
cargoes, 287. (See also Imports.) 
Shoes, 221, 223. ( See also Imports.) 
Slavery, to abolish, 183, 200. 

slaves, not to import, 183, 200. 
Slaves. (See Slavery.) 
Small Pox, 53, 102-3, 106, 110, 112, 113, 116-17, 

118,122, 123, 138, 160. 
hospital, innoculating, 123. 

proposal to erect, 52, 

102-3. 
innoculating for, by physicians, 

106. 

persons not inhabitants of town to 

he refused innoc- 

ulation for, 109. 

to reconsider, 112. 

Snuff, 221, 223. (See also Imports.) 

samples of, 224. 
South burying place, 24, 27. ( See also Burial 

places.) 
Carolina, appointment of governor of, 

31. 
end, Watch-house at the, 62. (See alto 

Watch.) 
writing school, to erect at, 271. 

(See also Schools.) 
market, landnear, 17u. (See also Mar- 
ket, Land, etc.) 
Spinning. (See Schools.) 
wheels, 275, 276. 
Stamp Act, 152, 156-6, 162, 169, 173, 175. 



Stamp Act, repeal of, 176, 186, 191, 205, 257. 
rejoicings over repeal of, 175-8, 

307. 

notice thereof, 175-6. 
illuminations, 175-6, 205. 
Starch, 221, 223. (See also Imports.) 

Poland, 224. 
State, Secretary of (Great Britain) 157, 178, 

300. 

Statutes. (See Laws.) 

Streets, paving of, 8, 23, 28, 49, 57,58, 73,111, 
115, 128, 170, 177, 206, 214, 242, 250, 
289. 

incutnbrance of, 55, 302. 
cleansing of, 12, 41. 
widening, 39, 48, 195, 214, 222. 
repairing, 189, 206, 219. 
widening and repairing, 20, 27, 128-9. 
tax on, 71. 
land taken into street, 209, 215. 

(See also the following : ) 
Bacon, Battery March, Bear lane, 
Bennet, Bread, Cambridge, Cross, 
Dock square, Fish, liog alley, 
Kilby, King, Leveret, Long lane, 
Market square, Milk, Moon court, 
Orange, Prince, Purcha>e, Queen, 
Rawson's lane, Union, Water. 
Suffolk County, 4, 48, 61, 77, 89, 148, 149, 160, 

163, 187, 199, 200. 
sheriff of, 160-1, 187, 188, 193, 

243, 307, 312, 323. 
Deputy Collector of, 187, 188. 
Suits, 277, 302. 

vs. Edward Holliday, 8. 

, Kneeland, 20. 

tax collectors, 203, 219, 243, 293. 
to obtain possession of house and 

land near grist mills, 294-5. 
choice of persons to prosecute, in 

behalf of town, 128. 
John Child, praying for reimburse. 

ment on account of, 170, 174. 
Sureties, bonds to be given as, 5, 8, 20, 21, 36, 
61, 67, 74, 81, 85, 108, 124, 134, 158, 165, 196, 
202, 203, 205, 206, 231, 238, 265, 268, 276, 
277, 293. 
Swine, regulating of, 71. 

choice of hogreeves, 3, 

19, 35, 51, 70, 76, 83, 

109, 133, 167, 204, 235, 

269. 

by-law concerning. (See 

Orders, town.) 
Swing bridge, 30, 58, 62. (See also Bridge.) 

Tanners. (See Leather.) 
Taverns : 

Golden Ball, the, 137, 144. 
Salutation Tavern, 214. 
near the Town House, 307. 
Taxes, 6, 7, 8, 9, 21, 25, 29, 38,42, 58, 63, 64, 
71, 73-t, 86, 91, 92, 93, 98, 99, 101-2, 
110, 111, 121, 122, 127, 136, 137, 144, 
151, 155, 170, 200-2, 2U6, 207, 223, 227, 
229-30, 240, 241, 242, 243, 254, 256-7, 
262, 271-2, 287, 290-3, 295, 299, 301, 
303, 304, 315. 
bill relating to collection of, 98. 

copies of, to distribute, 98. 
collectors of, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 15, 21, 25, 
29, 33, 36, 38, 39, 48, 
49,51, 57,66, 67,68, 71, 
72, 73, 80, 81, 85, 86, 91, 
92, 98, 101, 102, 107, 
111, 112, 118, 129, 134, 
138, 142-3, 150, 151, 
158,164-5, 182, 198,199, 
200-3, 205-6, 214, 215, 
216-17, 218, 219, 220, 
236, 238, 239, 240, 241, 
242, 243, 265, 267, 268, 
271-2, 290-1, 292, 293, 
295, 299, 301, 303. 



INDEX TO SUBJECTS. 



343 



Taxes, collectors of, allowance, 4, 5, 7, 13, 
15, 21, 36, 61, 67, 71, 
81, 107-8, 111, 134, 
164-5, 206, 2*58. 
books, 5, 8, 21, 67, 81, 
92, 107-8, 134, 158, 
164-5, 206. 

premiums, 51, 67, 68, 
81,91,92,93,108,134, 
143, 150, 165, 200-1, 
202, 203, 205, 214, 
216-17, 220, 236, 238, 
268, 291. 

abatement of, 3, 9, 13-14, 20-1, 22, 
23-4, 33-4, 38, 39, 42, 52, 57, 71-2, 
84, 86, 91, 92, 111, 118, 137, 138, 
143, 170, 182, 200, 206, 218, 237, 
240, 270-1, 290. 

polls and estates, 7, 24, 29, 33-4, 42, 58, 
73, 74, 85, 93, 101, 118, 145, 185, 214, 
247, 262, 293. 
on streets, 71. 
Province, 74, 217, 292. 
County, 291, 292. 
non-payment of, 302-3. 

to sue, 101-2. 
excise, 120, 252, 
on liquors, 252. 
revenue acts, 258-9, 324. 

for use of the Crown, 261-3. 
on paper, 324. 
on glass, 324. 
on paint, 324. 

Thread, gold and silver, 221. (See also Im- 
ports. 1 
Tombs, 77. 
Town dock. (See Dock, the.) 

house, 46, 49, 54, 56, 60, 61, 63, 65, 69, 

72, 307, ; J ,20. 
watch house by the, 62. (See 

also Watch.) 

papers posted on the, 315. 
taverns near the, 307. (See 

also Taverns.) 
clock. (6'ee Clock, town.) 
meetings, 1, 5, 9, 13, 15, 16, 22, 25, 28, 
29,30, 31,37, 39,46,54,56, 
58,60,61, 62,63, 65,69, 71, 
72,77,79,81,85,87,88, 89, 
90, 93, 94, 95, 96, 98, 99, 100, 
102, 103, 104, 107, 108, 111, 
113, 115, 123, 124, 125, 128, 
129, 135, 137, 140-1, 146, 
148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 
157, 158, 159, 160, 161, ]62, 
168, 174, 175, 176, 177, 180, 
186, 190, 194, 195, 197, 198, 
200, 205, 207, 209, 210, 211, 
217, 218,219,220,222, 225, 
226, 230, 232, 238, 242, 244, 
245, 246, 248, 251, 252, 253, 
254, 257, 259, 260, 261, 264, 
265, 267, 270, 271, 274, 277, 
279, 284, 289, 293, 294, 295, 
297, 299, 301, 302, 303, 313, 
314, 319, 320, 325. 
warning to attend, 9-10, 15, 
16, 22, 29, 31, 39-40, 46, 56, 
61, 63, 65, 72, 79, 96, 104, 
113, 123, 124, 129, 140-1, 
148, 152, 157, 158, 162, 175, 
176, 186, 194, 195, 197, 210, 
211, 219, 220, 230, 232, 244, 
252, 259, 264, 265, 277, 295, 
301. 

inhabitants, petition for, 159. 
notification of adjournment, 
to issue, 289. 
print, 146. 

warning to depart the, 117. 

officers, 1, 2, 3, 5-6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 16, 

17-18, 33, 35, 36, 46-7, 49, 57, 59, 60, 

61, 65, 66-7, 69, 71-2, 74, 79, 80-1, 82, 

86. 88, 91, 92, 95, 96, 104, 105, 106-7, 



Town officers 

108-9, 113, 124, 131-2, 140, 146, 152-5, 
159, 162-3, 164, IT 2, 174, 176, 177, 
182, 186, 187, 190, 195, 196, 197, 198-9, 
200,201,202, 203, 215,216,217, 218, 
220, 221, 224, 232-3, 234-5, 239, 240, 
242, 243, 244, 247, 251, 253, 259, 264, 
265, 266-7, 26n, 271, 274, 277, 281, 
282, 284, 290, 291, 293,300, 302, 323. 
grant of money to, 109-10, 113. 
general illumination of the, 175-6. 
armed troops quartered upon, 278, 286. 
Trade, 32, 122, 156, 169, 227, 258, 259, 273, 

274, 275, 287, 289. 

interests, 97, 120, 121, 149, 153, 155, 
169, 183, 187, 190, 221-2, 223-4, 
227-30, 257-9, 324. 
regulation of, 194, 248-9. 
illicit, 287. 
Trades, 8, 20, 41 , 44, 59, 70. 

men, 61, 153, 154, 161, 170-1, 190, 
196, 224-5, 275. 

Treasurer, County, 199, 200, 201, 202, 216, 220. 
choice of, 2, 66, 163, 267. 
votes for, 4, 19, 198, 239, 

267. 

Province, 91, 92, 110, 138, 143, 
l'J9-200, 201, 202, 216, 217, 220, 
243, 300. 

Troops, armed, 258, 259, 260, 296, 307-8, 313, 
314, 317-18, 319, 320, 322, 
323, 324, 325. 

quartered on town, 278, 286. 
barracks, to provide for, 286. 
(See also Halifax.) 

Union street, 23, 27. 

Valuation. (See Taxes.) 
Votes, sealed, 4, 19, 37, 48. 

War, debt contracted during, 223, 228-9. 
Wards or precincts, 236, 270. 

collectors for, 92. 

Warrants, 8,9, 10,13, 15, 16,20,22,23,27,28, 
29, 31, 33, 39, 40, 41, 42, 48, 53, 56, 57, 59, 
61, 63, 60, 67, 68, 72, 73, 74, 76, 79, 86, 87, 
88, 89, 90, 95, 96, 97, 98, 102, 104, 106, 110, 
113, 116, 117, 118, 119, 123, 124, 126, 
127, 12S, 129, 136, 137, 138, 141, 142, 144, 
145, 148, 149, 150, 152, 157, 158, 162, 170, 
174, 175, 176, 179, 180, 186, 187, 189, 194, 
195, 196, 197, 200, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 
211, 214, 215, 217, 219, 220, 222, 224, 225, 
230, 232, 238, 239, 240-1, 243, 244, 247, 248, 
252, 253, 259, 264, 265, 272, 273, 277, 278, 
279, 294, 295, 297, 301, 302. 
Watch, 62. 

men, 8, 10, 61, 62. 

number of, to reduce, 91. 
allowance, 10, 61, 62, 91. 
journal to be kept by head, 62. 
houses, 58, 62. 
Water street, land belonging to Solomon 

Kneeland in, 87, 94, 98. 
slip of land on north side of, 

to annex to, 97. 
leading from, to pave, 177, 

2^6,212. 

Ways, streets, etc., surveyors of, 36. 50, 70, 84, 
111, 135, 
167, 204, 
235, 270. 
law as to 
choice of, 
13$, 142. 

cleansing of, 12, 41. 
repairing, 68, 79. 
Cross street, to pave, 23. 
Union street, passage to, 

to open, 27. 

Dock square, incum. 
brance to remove, 54, 
65. 



344 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 



Ways, Streets, etc., within Fortification, 68, 
79. 

Prince street, to pave, 8. 

fronting on Orange street, 
20. 

Ann street, to widen, 20, 
27, 39. 

Neck, paving of, 20. 

Water street, leading 
from, to pave, 177, 206, 
242. . 

Water street, land on 
north side of, to annex 
to, 97. 

Fish street, paving of, 111, 

passageway (Hog alley), 
leading from main street 
to the Common, nui- 
sance in, to abate, 97, 
99. 

Moon court, to pave, 115. 

Cambridge street, part of, 
to pave, 115. 

on Beacon Hill, to pre- 
serve, 119. 

leading to Roxbury, 216. 

Bread street, line of, to 
alter, 128. 

Milk street, line of, to run, 
128-9. 

Bear lane, to pave, 170. 

from Milk street toBattery 
March.to pave, 
214. 

to Water, to 
pave, 177,242, 
250. 

highway near mills, 280. 

Long lane, to pave, 73, 
137, 289. 

streets near Market 
square, incumbrance to 
prevent, 302. 



Weights and Measures, illegal, to suppress, 

210. 

Wells, digging of, 58. 
West Boston, 103. 

West India Islands, 41. (See also Islands.) 
Wharves, 89, 90, 99, 100, 101, 208, 258, 308, 

309, 316. 

Long, 89, 90, 98, 101. 
at Lower end of King street, 89 . 
Scarlet's, 99. 
Leveret's, 100. 
Alford's, 100. 
town slip, 129. 
Battery, 151. 
Hancock's, 256, 309. 
Wheat. (See Breadstuffs.) 

surveyors of, choice of, 88, 136, 168, 

204, 236, 270. 
Wood, 6, 243. 

purchase of, 241, 250. 
for building purposes, 281. -. 

surveyors of, 
2-3, 18, 34, 
60, 108. 
cord, 24, 26. 
sealers of, 77. 
measurement of, 24, 26, 77. 

allowance, 77. 

surveyors of boards, etc., 50, 69, 82, 
132, 166, 174, 203, 234-5, 242, 268-9, 
289. 

cullers of staves, 3-4, 19, 35-6, 50, 70, 
83, 88, 95, 109, 132-3, 166-7, 204, 
208, 235, 269. 
Wool, purchase of, for spinning-schools, 275, 

276, 277. 
"Workhouse, 6, 25, 38, 87, 227, 275, 323. (See 

altto Almshouse.) 
burial place adjoining, 24. (See 

also Burial Places.) 
paupers of, to spin yarn, efc.227. 
master of the, 291. 
Writs, 160-1.