(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Records relating to the early history of Boston .."

OF THE 



Record Commissioners 



S? 1 JT'tV' -- ' ' '"("- ' "^ti^"*- * 1 

BOSTON IA~-^' AlMJ 






BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 
1770 THROUGH 1777. 



BOSTON PUBLIC 
LIBRARY 



FORM NO. 522: 6,3.54. <M. 



rt 




A REPORT 



RECORD COMMISSIONERS 



CITY OF BOSTON, 



CONTAINING THE 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1770 THROUGH 1777, 



BOSTONIA 

CONDITAAJ). 
1630 




BOSTON: 
ROCKWELL AND CHURCHILL, CITY PRINTERS, 

No. 39 ARCH STREET. 

1887. 



[DOCUMENT 91 1887.] 




CITY OF M H BOSTON. 



A REPORT 



RECORD COMMISSIONERS. 



. The Eighteenth Eeport of the Record Commissioners is a 
continuation of the Sixteenth, and contains the proceedings 
of the town from 1770 through 1777. 

It is almost superfluous to speak of the interest which will 
be felt in this report of the proceedings of the town during 
this important period. The resolves, instructions, and reports 
are essential to any correct understanding of the rise of the 
Revolution. Many of these papers have been published 
before, but it is instructive to read them in their proper 
sequence, and to see that the functions of the town, in small 
matters as well as great, were systematically attended to at 
all times. 

It is suggestive to note that the town meeting of Boston 
for March 5, 1776, was held at Watertown ; but with this 
exception, little appears on the record to show the suspension 
of civic rights during the occupancy of the town by British 
troops. 

The ample indices will enable the student to promptly avail 
of the information herein collected. 

WILLIAM H. WHITMORE, 

For the Record Commissioners. 

CITY HALL, BOSTON, Dec. 1, 1887. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS. 



[FIFTH BOOK, CONTINUED.] 



[211.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 6 th . 
Day of March 1770 11 O'Clock A : M : occasioned by the Mas- 
sacre made in King Street, by the Soldiery the preceeding 
Night 

The Selectmen not being present and the Inhabitants being in- 
formed that they were at the Council Chamber, it w;is Voted that 
M r . William Greanleaff be desired to proceed there, and acquaint 
the Selectmen that the Inhabitants desire and expect their attend- 
ance at the Hall ; and the Town Clerk acted as Moderator of this 
Meeting in the Interem 

The Committee returned and informed that they had delivered 
the Message of the Town to the Selectmen, who had desired them 
to acquaint the Inhabitants, that they would give their attendance 
immediately 



The Selectmen attend & Moderate 



Upon a Motion made it was Voted, that if any of the Inhabi- 
tants present could give information respecting the Massacre of 
the last Night, that they be desired to do it in Meeting, that the 
same might be minuted by the Town Clerk 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that Constable 
Wallace wait upon the Rev d . D r . Cooper, and acquaint him that 
the Inhabitants desire him to open the Meeting with Prayer 

Information given in by M r . John S. Coply, that M r . Pelham 
and his Wife and some Persons of M r . Samuel Wenthrops Family, 
heard a Soldier to say after the fixing on the last Night, that the 
Deril might give quarters lie should gice them none 

Information given in by M r . John Scott, that a Lad of M r . 
[212.] Pcirpoints said at M r . Cherdons, that a Soldier was heard 
to say that his Officer had acquainted them, that if (hey ivent abroud 
at Nights, they should go armed and in Companies 

M r . Peirpoints informs that before the firing on the last Night he 
had disarmed a Soldier who had struck down one of the Inhabitants 

The Hon ble . Thomas Cushing Esq. 
Chosen Moderator of this Meeting by a Hand Vote 

M r . Pool Spear informs, that last Week he heard one Kilson a 
Soldier of Pharras Company say, that he did not know what the 
Inhabitants were after, for that they had broke an Officers Win- 



2 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

dows (meaning Nathaniel Roger's Windows) but that they had a 
scheerae on foot which would soon put a stop to our proceedure 
that Parties of Soldiers were ordered with Pistols in their 
Pockets, and to fire upon those who should assault said House 
again, and that Ten Pounds Sterling was to be given as a Reward, 
for their killing one of those Persons, and fifty pounds sterling for 

a Prisoner 

The Persons that appeared to give Informations relative to the 
Soldiery, being many, it was found inconvenient to take them in 

the Meeting, it was therefore Voted, that 

M r . William Greanleaff 
M r . William Whitwell 
M r . Samuel Whitwell 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to take the Depositions 
which are offered respecting the conduct of the Soldiery 

The Inhabitants having considered of the steps proper to be 

taken by them upon this alarming occasion 

Voted that 

[213.] The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing, Moderator 

John Hancock Esq. 

M r . Henderson Inches 

Joshua Llenshaw Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

M r . William Phillips 

Samuel Pemberton Esq. 

M r . Samuel Austin 

Benjamin Austin Esq. 

Coll . Joseph Jackson 

M r . William Mollineux 

D r . Benjamin Church 

M r . Jonathan Mason 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

John Ruddock Esq. 

be a Committee to wait on his Honor the Lieu*. Governor; and 
acquaint him ; that it is the unanimous Opinion of this Meeting, 
that the Inhabitants and Soldiery can no longer dwell together in 
safety ; that nothing can be rationally expected to restore the 
peace of the Town, and prevent blood and Carnage, but the im- 
mediate removal of the Troops ; and that they therefore most 
fervently pray his Honor that his power & influence may be ex- 
erted for their instant removal. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



[214.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in pub- 
lick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 6 
Day of March Anno Domini 1770. 3 O'Clock, P : M : - 

The Hon bl . Thomas Gushing Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting 

Faneuil Hall not being Capasious enough to receive the Iiihabi- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1770. 3 

tants who attended ; Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 

D r . Sewalls Meeting House 

The Committee appointed to deliver a Message of the Town to 
his Honor Leuviteuant Governor, Reported, and laid before' the 
Town the Reply they had received from his Honor in Writing 
which is as follows 

Gentlemen 

I am extremely sorry for the unhappy differences between the 
Inhabitants and the Troops and especially for the action of the 
last Evening, and I have exerted myself upon that occasion, that 
a due inquiry may be made and that the Law may have its course. 
I have in Council consulted with the Commanding Officers of the 
two Regiments which are in the Town. They have their Orders 
from the General at New York. It is not in my power to counter- 
mand those Orders. The Council have desired that the two Regi- 
ments may be removed to the Castle. From the particular con- 
cern which the 29 th . Regiment has had in these differences Coll . 
Dalrymple who is the Commanding Officer of the Troops has 
signified to me that the Regiments shall without delay be placed 
in the Barracks at the Castle untill he can send to y e [215.] The 
General and receive his further Orders concerning both the Regi- 
ment and that the Main Guard shall be removed and the 14 th . 
Regiments so disposed and laid under such restraint, that all occa- 
sion of future differences may be prevented 

The foregoing Reply having been read, and fully considered the 
Question was put "Whether the Report be satisfactory 
Passed in the Negative almost unanimously (but one dessen- 
tient) 

It was then moved and Voted, that 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 
M r . Samuel Adams 
M r . William Mollineux 
William Phillips Esq. 
D r . Joseph Warren 
Joshua Henshaw Esq. 
Samuel Pemberton Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to wait on his Honor 
the Lieu*. Governor, and inform him, that it is the unanimous 
opinion of this Meeting, that the Reply made to a Vote of the In- 
habitants presented his Honor in the Morning is by no means 
satisfactory, and that nothing less will satisfy them, than a tot:il 
and immediate removal of the Troops. 

The Committee having waited upon his Honor the Lieu'. Gov- 
ernor agreable to the foregoing Vote ; laid before the Inhabitants 
the following Vote of Council, removed from his Honor 

His Honor the Lieu'. Governor laid before the Board a Vote of 
the Town of Boston passed this Afternoon, and then Addressed 
the Board as follows 

Gentlemen of the Council I lay before you a Vote of the Town 
of Boston, which I have Just now received from them, and I now 
ask your advice what you Judge necessary to be done upon it 

[216.] The Council thereupon expressed themselves to be 



4 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

unanimously of Opinion that it was absolutely necessary for his 
Ma jest ys service and the good order of the Town and the peace 
of the Province that the Troops should l>e immediately removed 
out of the Town of Boston, and thereupon advised his Honor to 
communicate this advice of the Council to Coll . Dairy mple, and 
to pray that he would order the Troops down to Castle Wil- 
liam 

The Committee also informed the Town, that Coll . Dalrymple 
after having seen the above Vote of Council, said to the Commit- 
tee That he now gave his word of honor that he would begin his 
preparation in the Morning, and that there should be no unneces- 
sary delay untill the whole of the two Regiments were removed to 
the Castle 

The above Report of the Committee having been read, by the 
Town Clerk ; the Inhabitants could not but express the high satis- 
faction, which it afforded them 

The Town having determined that it was highly necessan* and 
expedient to have a strong Watch of our own for the protection 
of the Inhabitants in the Night, untill the troops would remove, 
and the Committee who delivered the last Message to the Lieu*. 
Governor having kindly offered to make themselves a part of the 
Watch for this Night, their offer wns gratefully accepted and said 
Committee were desir.-d to take such a number of the Inhabitants 
with them as they might think proper, and also to appoint a 
Watch for succeeding Nights ; and as it was concluded that the 
Townsmen were now very generally provided with Arms and Am- 
munition, it was agreed that in case of any disturbance in the 
Night they should repair to a place they may appoint for a general 
Muster 

[217.] Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, unani- 
mously That this Town have the greatest abhorrence of one of its 
Inhabitants viz'. Samuel Water-house, who in defiance of the 
united sentiment not only of his Fellow Citizens, but all his Fellow 
Countrymen expressed repeatedly in the Votes and Records of the 
Hon ble . House of Representatives of this Province, has continued 
to accommodate Troops at this time so Justly obnoxious to a free 
People and abhorrent to a free Constitution, and thereby basely 
prostituted a once respectable Mansion House to the use of a Main 
Guard 

A Copy of one of the Hand Bills posted up the Evening preceed- 
ing the horrid Massacre, was read to the Town, and diverse Testi- 
monies relative to that bloody affair 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. the Moderator for dispatching 
the Business of this Meeting 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in pubiick Town Meet- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1770. 5 

ing Assembled nt Faneuil Hall cm Monday the 12 th . Day of 
March Anno Domini 1770 



Prayer, was made by the Rev d . D r . Cooper 

Warrant, for calling the Meeting read 



[218.] Sundry Laws enjoined to be read at this Meeting 

were accordingly read 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his paying & receiving 
Bills of Credit of the Governments of Connecticut, New Hamp- 
shire and Rhode Island, as required by an Act of this Prov- 
ince 

William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing, 
and having taken the Oath respecting his paying & receiving Bills 
of Credit of the Governments of Connecticut New Hampshire and 
Rhode Island, took the Oath of Office for the faithful discharge of 
his duty, which oaths were Administered to him b} r one of his 

Majesties Justices present at the Meeting 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted, it appeared that 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 

John Ruddock Esq. 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 

Samuel Pemberton Esq. 

M r . Henderson Inches 

M r . Jonathan Mason 

were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Overseers of the 
Poor, and upon sorting it appeared that 

John Barrett Esq. 

The Hon bla . Royal Tyler Esq. 

M r . Benjamin Dolbear 

M r . William Whitwell 
[219.] M r . William Greanleaff 

William White Esq. 

M r . Joseph Waldo 

John Leveret Esq. 

John Gore Esq. 

Cap 1 . Samuel Partridge 

Thomas Tyler Esq. 

M r . Samuel Whitwell 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing see 

May 15 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Wardens, and upon 
sorting them it appeared that 

The Hon ble . Thomas Cushing Esq. 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

William Phillips Esq. 

The Hon ble . John Hancock. Esq. 

John Scollay Esq. 

M r . William Greanleaff 



6 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

M r . William Whitwell 
Benjamin Austin. Esq. 
M r . Jonathan Mason 
M r . Moses Gill 
M r . Samuel Austin 

were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for Sixteen Fire- Wards and 

upon sorting them it appeared that 

John Scollay Esq. 
Newman Grenough Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
M r . William Cooper 

[2 2O.] M r . John Mico Wendell 

Thomas Marshall Esq. 
William Homes Esq. 

M r . Joseph Tyler 

Cap*. Adino Paddock 

M r . James Richardson 

Cap*. Benjamin Waldo 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

Thomas Daws Esq. 
M r . Alexander Hill 

were chose Fire- Wards for the Year ensuing 

Upon a Motion made and seconded the Question was put 
viz*. "Whether Constables and Collectors of Taxes shall be 

chose sepperate Passed in the Affermative 

Voted, that the Sum of Five Pounds be remitted out of the Ten 
Pound Fine to such Persons as shall be chose into the Office of 

Constable for the Year ensuing ami shall decline serving 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Constables, the 

Persons chose into that Office are 

Mess. Augustus Hail 
Francis Salmon 
George Thomas 
Peter Barbour 
Thomas Rice 
Joseph Payson 
Lindsey George Wallace 
Hezekiah Usher 
John Wells 

[221.] Stephen Symms 

Edward Blake 

Elias Dupee 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Town Treasurer, and 
upon sorting them it appear'd that M r . David Jeffries was chosen, 
& having taken the Oath respecting his paying and receiving Bills 
of Credit of the other Governments, took the Oath of Office for 
the faithful discharge of his dut\', which Oaths were Administred 
to him by M r . Justice 

Mess. John Pulling 
John Andrews 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1770. 7 

Nathaniel Wheatley 
Elisha Avery 
Benjamin Jackson 
Henry Jackson 
Thomas Hill Jun r . 
Joseph Laughton 
William Foster 
Samue! Parker 
Samuel Wallis 
Ellis Gray 

were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that the Sum of Twelce Pence on the Pound, be and 
hereby is allowed to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of 
Taxes for the Year ensuing, for all such Sums as they shall Collect ; 
provided they pay into the several Treasuries the whole Sum com- 
mitted to them to Collect on or before the tenth Day of August 
1771. Eight Pence on the Pound on all such other Sums as they 
shall have so paid in to said Treasurers on or before the 20 Day 
of December 1771. and Four Pence on the Pound upon the re- 
mainder of the Sums they shall be obliged to Collect provided such 
remainder shall be fully paid in on or before the Second Monday 
in March [22J2.] 1772. This Premium as above expressed 
appears to be Just and equitable, and an ample allowance to the 
Collectors to encourage them to discharge their duty with diligence 
and fidelity ; provided also that each of said Collectors give Bond 
with sufficient Sureties to the satisfaction of the Selectmen for the 
faithful discharge of their duty in said Office, and complying with 

this Vote 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Four Collectors of 

Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeared that 

Mess". Sampson Sailer 

Edward Hollyday 
M r . Samuel Ruggles 
M r . Abraham Savage 
were chose Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven Assessors, and 

upon sorling them it appeared that 

M r . William Fairfield 
M r . John Kneeland 
M r . Benjamin Church 
Belcher Noyes. Esq. 
M r . Daniel Pecker 
M r . Jonathan Brown 
Moses Deshon Esq. 

were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing 

M r . Speaker Gushing Chairman of the Committee appointed at a 
former Town Meeting, having received Letters from M r . Pownal 
the late worthy Governor of this Province, and some other Gentle- 
men to whom they had transmitted the Phamphlets which contained 
Remarks on Governor Bernards Letters & c . laid the same before 

the Town 

A Letter to the Selectmen of Boston inclosing the 



8 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Votes of the Town of Watertown, respecting tbe Non Importation 

Agreement Tea & c . were laid before the Town 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P : M : 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

The Moderator having laid before the Town a Letter from M r . 
Sheriff Greanleaff representing the danger there was of some of 
the Prisoners in the County Jayl making an escape, and that it is 
his Opinion, that in order to prevent it the County Watch should 
be doubled, but that the Court of Session not meeting till April 
next cannot be apply 'd to for this purpose therefore Voted, 
That the Sheriff be and hereby is impowered and directed to 
double said "Watch ia the manner he has proposed, and that in 
case the Court of Session at their next sitting, should decline de- 
freying the Charge upon his application to them therefore, that 

then the Town will be answerable for the same 

Votes for a County Treasurer brought in and sealed up in Town 
Meeting, and delivered to the care of Constable Hale to be re- 
turned to the Court of Session 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that the Committee 
of the Town now sitting at the Representatives Chamber, be 
desired to attend this Meeting by a Committee to inform the 
Town what progress lias been made in the removal of the Troops 
from this Town 

The Committee attended, and Reported That they had at- 
tended the Business alotted them by tbe Town, Night and Day, 
and done every thing in their power by their, repeated applications 
to Coll . Dalrymple to expedite the removal of the Troops, that the 
29 Regiment was already [2J24.] Gone, and the Coll , had as- 
sured them that the 14 th . Regiment should begin to follow them 

this Day, and that no time should be lost in removing them 

The above Report having been considered, Voted, unanimously 

that 

The Hon We John Hancock Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

William Phillips Esq. 

M r . William Mollineux 

D r . Joseph Warren 

Samuel Pemberton Esq. 

be a Committee immediately to wait upon Coil*. Dalrymple to in- 
form him that this Town have now waited Seven Days, for the 
removal of the 14 & 29 th Regiments agreable to his express promise 
made in presence of the Lieu'. Governor his Majestys Council and 
y e . Committee of the Town to remove the same with the utmost 
dispatch ; that the Town is very uneasy and apprehend the In- 
habitants are unsafe, while the Troops remain in Town, and that 
they are therefore obliged for the protection of the Inhabitants to 
keep up a military Watch during their tan-y at a great expence ; 
that it is the opinion of the Town that the removal of the said two 
Regiments may consistent with the usual dispatch of the Army be 
soon compleated. and that it is the desire of the Town that the re- 
moval of the Troops may be immediately effected, and that the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1770. 9 

Committee obtain an explicit answer from Coll . Dalrymple, when 

the said Regiments shall be compleatly removed 

Mess. William Nichols 

Andrew Syrnms 

Clement Collins 

Henry Allen 

Isaac Vergoose 

John Grenough 
[235.] Jacob Thayer 

Joseph Edmunds 

John Skillins 

John Sergeant 

Richard Walker 

John Chainpney 

John Bulfinch 

Abraham Howard 

Joseph Butler 

Joseph Eyres 

Thomas Bayley 

John Gill 

Andrew Townsend 

Joseph Ballard 

were chose Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing 

Mess. Samuel Dyer 

John Dyer 

Obediah Low 

John Joy 

William Crafts 

were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing 

Mess. Benjamin Bass 

Samuel Bangs 

Nathan Cooper 

Thomas Noland 

Benjamin Cooper 

were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing 

Mess. Nathaniel Gardner 

William Daws Jun r . 

were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing 

Mess". Peter Cotta 

Manesseh Masters 

Joseph Dyer 

John Harskins 

David Spear 

Jonathan Jenkins 

Robert Brick Jun r . 

Job Wheelwright 

Joshua Pico 

Benjamin Salt 

Paul Baxter 

John Owen 

Thomas Kuox 

Samuel White 



10 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Edward Cowell 

Edward Potter 

Peter Ellis 

Timothy Pease 

Nathaniel Waterman 

Jacob Williams 

Samuel Bernard 

John Nowell 

Joseph Phillips 

Henry Lucas 

were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. David Simins 

Thomas Curtis - 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing - 

Committee to wait on Coll . Dalrymple Reported That they 
had delivered the Message of the Town, to which he was pleased 
to Reply That not a Man of the 29 th . Regiment was now in 
Town, and that between Thursday Night and Fryday Morning 
not one of the 14 th . Regiment, except himself, would remain 
here - 

Voted, that John Hancock Esq. and others the above 



Committee be desired to pursue their application to Coll . Dalrym- 
ple and the Lieu*. Governor, that the Troops be removed with the 
greatest dispatch -- 

Voted, that the Hon ble , Thomas Gushing Esq. 
M r . John Adams 
M r . Josiah Quincy 

be a Committee to write immediately to the Hon ble . Isaac Barree 
Esq. Thomas Pownal Esq. Dennis Deberdb Esq. D r . Benjamin 
Franklyn Esq. William Bollan Esq. Barlow Trecothick Esq. ac- 
knowledging our obligation for past favors, acquainting them with 
the Circumstances & Facts relative to the late horred Massacre, and 
asking the continuance of their good services in behalf of this Town 
and Province - 

Voted, That the Thanks of this Town be given to the Town of 
Roxbury for their kind interposition and Assistance in our late dis- 
tress particularly by their Petition to the Lieu'. Governor on our 
behalf also 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to the Towns of 
Charlestown, Cambridge, Watertown, and to all our Brethren in 
the Towns through the Province for the kind concern they mani- 
fested for us in the late horred Massacre by the Soldiery, and their 
readiness to afford us all that assistance which our Circumstances 
might have required, and that these Votes be printed in the several 
News Papers - 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Thursday next 9. 
O'Clock P : M : -- 

Tuesday March 13 9. O'Clock P : M : Town met - 

M r . John Gray 
was chosen Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensuing. 

[228.] M r . Thomas Curtis 

was chosen Hayward for the Year ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1770. 11 

Upon a Motion made and seconded it was Voted, that one 
Scavinger be chosen out of each Ward 

Wards. 

Mess". William dough N. 1. 

John Cogswell --------- 2 

Benjamin Ilarrod -------- 3 

Benjamin Mulbury Homes ----- 4 

Hopestill Capen -------- 5 

Benjamin Goldthwait ------ 6 

Andrew Camnni -------- 7 

Jeremiah Belknap ------- 8 

Henry Laughton -------- 9 

David Wheeler Jun r . ------ 10 

Richard Jennings -------- 11 

Joseph Dorr. --------- 12 

were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing 

The Selectmen 

were chose Surveyers of High Ways for the Year ensuing 
Mess. John Holland 
John Rogers 

were chose Surveyers of Boards for the Year ensuing 
Voted, that Nicholas Boy Is ton Esq. 
M r . Thqmas Gray 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
M r . John Pitts 
Thomas Daws Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the [229.] 
Accompts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accounts of the 
Overseers of the Poor, and the said Committee are enjoin'd to in- 
spect every particular Account of the Moneys expended for the 
use of the Almshouse ; they are also imponer'd when they shall 
Audit said Accounts to allow such of the Overseers as shall 
advance Moneys for the relief of the Poor, Interest on all such 
sums from the time so advanced ; 'till they shall have Audited said 
Accompts And they are also desired to Report from time to time a 
state of the Treasury respecting the Debts and Credits, and on any 

matters that they may think proper 

John Tuder Esq. 
M r . John Lucas 

were chose Surveyers of Wheat for the Year ensuing 

Coll . Joseph Jackson 
Nicholas Boylston Esq. 
William Homes Esq. 

were chosen purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, and they 
are desired and impowerd to give all needful direction to the 
Keeper of the Granary respecting the quantity of Grain to be sold, 
& affixinjr the price thereof from time to time as occasion shall re- 
quire. And the said Committee are desired and directed to cause 
all the Grain belonging to the Town to be ground at the new Mills 

near the Mill Bridge now occupied by M r . George Leonard 

Cap 4 . Martin Gay 
M r . John Skinner 
were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing 



12 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to iuforce the duty of 
Scavingers upon such as have been chose ; and if they should find 
any defects in the Laws relating to those Officers, that they 
Report the same to the Town, that they may act thereon as they 
shall Judge convenient. 

[23O. ] Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are impow- 
ered and directed to set for abatement of such taxes as they shall 
Judge reasonable on every Wednesday in April inclusive, and no 
longer, saving that they be allowed to set the two last Weeks in 
November for the Abatements of the Taxes of such Persons as 
had not an opportunity of applying on the above limitted time, by 
reason of their being out of the Province ; at which time they are 
also allowed and impowered to Abate the Taxes of such Persons 
as may have died Insolvent between the said last Wednesday in 
April, and the last Day of November. 

Voted, that the Consideration of School Masters Salarys and 
all other Salarys and Grants be referred over to next May Meet- 
ing 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that the Town 
Treasurer be and he hereby is impowered and directed to borrow 
on Interest the Sum of Three hundred pounds for the use of the 
Overseers of the Poor, to purchase Grain & c . for the Alms-house 

Upon a motion made and seconded Voted, that the Town Treas- 
urer be and hereby is directed and impowered to give his nego- 
tiable Note upon Interest to such of the Overseers of the Poor as 
are in advance for the Relief of the Town, for such Sums as 
appear to be due to them respectively upon the Auditing of their 
Accompts to the present Month 

The Selectmen Reported on the Accompt of M r . Benjamin 
Fenno Keeper of the Granary for the Year past, which Accompt 
as entred in his Books (and on file in the Town Clerks Office) was 
read whereupon it was Voted, that the same be accepted and 
that M r . Fenno be accountable to the Town for 683 Bushels of 
Indian Corn & 244 Bushels of Rye amounting to 124 ,, ,, 2 . 
and also for the Sum of 103 ,, ,, 11^ Cash now in his hands ex- 
clusive of the sum of 32 ,, 13 ,, 4 for his Salary and attendance 
as charged in his Account which is hereby allowed him 

[231.] That Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To take some 
further steps if necessary to strengthen the Hands of the Mer- 
chants relative to the Non Importation Agreement ; for the dis- 
countenancing the consumption of Tea, and other Articles of 
Foreign Luxury ; for employing the Poor by encouraging Home 
Manufactures " was read as was also some Votes of the 
Town of Charlestown respecting the Sale of Tea whereupon 

Voted, that - - - Mess. John Sweetser 

Peter Boyer 
William Fallass 
Francis Shaw 
Alexander Hill 

be a Committee to draw up an Agreement for the Shopkeepers 
that have or do deal in Tea, not to dispose of any more of that 
Article untill the Revenue Acts are repealed, and they are desired 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1770. 13 

to present the same to every Trader for his Signing ; and Report 
at the Adjournment also 

Voted, that John Howe Esq. 

John Ruddock Esq. 
John Hancock Esq. 
M r . William Dennie 
William Phillips. Esq. 
Isaac Smith Esq 
M r . Timothy Fitch 

be a Commitee to take into Consideration what further steps are 
necessary to strengthen the Non Importation Agreement ; discoun- 
tenance the consumption of the Tea and other Forreign Luxuries, 
and for employing the Poor by encouraging Home-Manufactures 
to Report to the Town from time to time as they may think 
proper, what they shall apprehend the most likely means to answer 

these good purposes 

The Petition of M r . Jacob Emmons " praying the Town would 
make him a Grant of Money for his Land taken from him by a 
new Street being laid out by his Mujestys Justices and the Select- 
men of this Town thro' his Land in Paddys Alley, or to take such 
other steps for relieving him in the [23.] Premisses as the Town 
may think proper" was read, whereupon 
Voted that Thomas Daws Esq. 
M r . William Gray 
M r . William Whitwell 
William Homes Esq. 
M r . Robert Peirpoint 
be a Committee to consider the Petition and Report as soon as 

may be what may be proper for the Town to do thereon 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz 1 .) "What steps may be 
further necessary for obtaining a particular Account of all proceed- 
ings relative to the Massacre in King Street on Monday Night last, 
that a full and Just representation may be made thereof " was 
read whereupon 

Voted that The Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq. 
D r . Joseph Warren 
Samuel Pemberton Esq. 
be a Committee for this important Business, and they are desired 

to Report as soon as may be 

Voted that be and they hereby are appointed a Committee for 
and in behalf of the Town to find out who those Persons are that 
were the Perpetrators of the horred Murders and Massacres done 
and committed in King Street on several of the Inhabitants in the 
Evening of the 5 th . Instant and take such Examinations and Depo- 
sitions as they can procure, and lay the whole thereof before the 
Grand Inquest in order that such Perpetrators may be Indicted 
and brought to Tryal for the same, and upon Indictments being 
found, said Committee are desired to propose Matters for the 
Kings Attorney, to attend at their Tryals in the Superior Court, 
Subpena all the Witnesses, and do every thing necessary for 
bringing those Murderers to that punishment for such Crimes, as 
the Laws of God and Man require also 



14 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

[23O.] Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to emploj* one 
or more Council to offer to the Kings Attorney as Assistance to 
him in the tryal of the Murtherers now committed ; and in case 
the Kings Attorney should refuse such Assistance, and the Rela- 
tives of those Persons who were murthcred should apply for it, 
that then the Town will bear the Expence that ma}- accrue there- 
by 

The Petition of M r . "William Crafts " that he may be permitted 
to fence in a small Slip of Land bordering on the Mill Pond, and 
at the back of his House in Sudbury Street, now the Receptacle 
of all manner of filth in order to prevent its continuing a Nusance, 
'till the Town shall think proper to give further Orders respecting 
the Same " was read whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to take this Petition 
under Consideration, and Report thereon ; the}* are also desired 
to make enquiry, and Report as soon as may be what incroach- 
ments have been made on the Towns Lands near the Mill 
Pond. 

That Article in the "Warrant (Viz'.) " "Whether the Town will 
take any measures, that a public Monument may be Erected on the 
spot where the lute Tragical Scene was acted, as a Memento to 
Posterity of that horred Massacre, and the destructive Conse- 
quences of Military Troops being quartered in a well regulated 
City " was read and considered, and the Town being of Opinion 
that an Event of such publick and universal Concernment, must 
be the Objsct of the attention of the General Assembly, Voted 
unanimously to refer the further Consideration of this matter to 
the Adjournment of this Meeting 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz 4 .) " Whether Application 
shall be made to the General Court that an Act may be passed 
that his Majestys Justices of the Peace may be impowerM to Con- 
vict any Person or Persons who shall refuse to work at a Fire, upon 
the Oath of the Fire-ward, was read & debated, & the Question 
being accordingly put Passed in the Negative 

[234.] A Letter and Votes from the Town of Cambridge was 
read to the Inhabitants 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Fryday March 16 th . 
9. O'Clock A : M : 

Fryday March 16 th 9. O'Clock A : M : Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

The Town being informed that M r . Gushing chosen Moderator 
of this Meeting on the 12. Instant was prevented from giving his 
Attendance ; proceeded to the choice of another Gentleman to 
Moderate during the necessary absence of M r . Gushing, and 
Richard Dana Esq. was chosen, and took the Oath respecting his 
paying and recieving Bills of Credit of the Governments of Con- 
necticut New Hampshire and Rhode Island as required by an Act 
of this Province which Oaths were Administred to him by M r . 
Justice Hill 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that a Committee be 
sent to the Committee of the Town meeting at the Town House, 
to know from them whether all the Troops had left us 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1770. 15 

M r . "William Mollineux one of the above Committee came into 
Town Meeting and informed the Town that he had this Morning 
been with Coll . Dalrymple to know ho'-v far he had proceeded in 
sending away the Troops, when he had assured him that the whole 
of what remained would be cmbarqued in four Boats by One 
O'Clock, when they would immediately go down to Castle Isl- 
and 

Moved & Voted that the above Committee be desired to take 
such Measures for keeping up a Military Watch untill the Adjourn- 
ment of this Meeting as they shall thiuk proper and that Coll . 
Jackson [235.] Be desired to continue the Military Watch 'till 
said Adjournment 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday Morning 9. 
O'Clock A: M: 

March 19. 9. O'Clock A: M: Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

Voted, that M r . Samuel Adams 

John Hancock Esq. 
John Barret Esq. 

be a Committee to draw up a Memorial to the Lieuveteuant Gov- 
ernor and Council praying that special Justices may be appointed 
for the Superior Court now sitting in the room of those who may 
be necessarily prevented by sickness from attending their duty ; 
that so the Tryals of the many Criminals now committed may not 
be postponed 

The Committee appointed on the 12 Instant to prepare a Repre- 
sentation of the Facts and Circumstances relative to the late horred 
Massacre, laid before the Town a Draft of such a Representation, 
which was read and considered whereupon Voted unani- 
mously, that the same be accepted, and that the draft be recom- 
mitted for a further Revision, and when the same is compleated, 
that they forward Copys thereof by the first Opportunity to such 
Gentlemen in England as were mentioned in a former Vote 

A Motion made that a Fishing Schooner might be hired by the 
Town as a Packet to carry home their Dispatches relative to the 
late horred Massacre whereupon Voted, that 
Cap'. John Bradford 
M r . William Mollineux 
John Barret Esq. 

[236.] Be and hereby are appointed and impowered to take up 
a suitable Vessel immediately upon the best terms they can, which 
Packet is to proceed to England with such Dispatches as the Com- 
mittee to make Representation shall have to send 

Cap 1 . Dashwood offered himself in Town Meeting, to go Home 
charged with the Delivery of such Dispatches as were going by the 
Packet ; which offer was gratefully accepted by the Town 

Voted, that the Town will defrey the Expence which will accrue 
by means of Cap*. Dashwoods going Home with the Dispatches 

It having been mentioned in Town Meeting that Cap*. Robsou 
lately sayled for London had before his departure spoken that 
which highly reflected upon the Inhabitants of this Town especially 
the Body of Merchants ; the Committee of Examination were de- 



16 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

sired to make enquiry relative thereto, and Report at the Adjourn- 
ment 

The Committee appointed to prepare a Petition to the Governor 
in Council relative to the Appointment of Special Justices, Re- 
ported a Draft which was accepted, and the Town ordered that the 
same be presented as soon as may be 

Upon a Motion made and Voted, that the Representation made 
by a Committee of the late horred Massacre by the Soldiery in 
King Street, be printed 

M r . William Mollineux informed the Town that the whole of the 
Troops were now removed to Castle Island, and that he had good 
reason to think, they would all be soon sent out of the Province 

|~237.] Upon a Motion made the following Vote passed 
unanimously (Viz 1 .) The Merchants not only of this Metropolis, 
but through the Continent, having nobly preferred the publick 
Good to their own private Emolument : And with a vow to obtain 
a redress of the Grievances so loudly and Justly complained of, 
having almost unanimously engaged to suspend iheir Importations 
from Great Britain ; a measure approved by all Orders, as legal 
peaceable and most likely of all others to effect the salutary 
design in view, and which will beTegarded by Posterity with Ven- 
eration, for the disinterested and truly publick Spirit appearing in 
it: The Town cannot but express their Astonishment and Indig- 
nation, that any of its Citizens should be so lost to the feelings of 
Patriotism and the common Interest, and so thoroughly and 
infamously selfish as to obstruct this very measure, by continuing 
their Importation. Be it therefore SOLEMNLY VOTED, that the 
Names of those Persons, few indeed to the Honor of the Town, 
viz'. JOHN BERNARD, JAMES M. MASTERS, PATRICK M. MASTERS, 
JOHN MEIN, NATHANIEL ROGERS, WILLIAM JACKSON, TUEOPHILDS 
LILLIE, JOHN TAYLOR, AME AND ELIZABETH CUMMINS, ISRAEL 
WILLIAMS ESQ. & SON OF HATFIELD, AND HENRY BARNES OP 
MAULBURROUGH, be entred on the Records of this Town that 
POSTERITY may know who those Persons were that preferred their 
little private Advantage to the common Interest of all the Colonies, 
in a Point of the greatest Importance ; who not only deserted but 
opposed their Country in a struggle for the Rights of the Constitu- 
tion, that must ever do it Honor; And who with a design to 
enrich themselves, basely took Advantage of the generous self 
denial of their Fellow Citizens for the common Good also 

Voted, That the Thanks of this Town be given to all the Towns 
through the Province that have in their late Meetings with a gen- 
erous & truly publick Spirit, passed such Resolutions and Votes, 
as must greatly strengthen and confirm the salutary and necessary 
Measure of Non Importation entred into by the Merchants and 
Traders of this and other Maritime Places : At the same time the 
Town cannot but express their hopes that the Patriotick Spirit so 
widely diffused, and so nobly ardent, uniting all parts [238.] Of 
the Province, and disposing them with Alacrity to aid one another 
upon all Occasions in the common cause, a Spirit not confined to 
but extending to all the Colonies, will ensure by the blessing of 
Heaven the Prosperity of the whole, and soon produce a thorough 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1770. 17 

effectual and permanent relief from our great and common 

Grievances 

The Committee appointed on the 13 th . Instant to procure Sub- 
scriptions to an Agreement not to dispose of Forreigu Tea untill 
the Revenue Acts shall be repealed, having Reported to the Town 
that their number was too small to answer the end of their 
Appointment 

Voted, that Mess". John Ballard 

Nathaniel Holmos 
Samuel Salsbury 
John Simpkins 
Samuel Ruggles Jun r . 
Ebenezer Dorr 
John Lowell 

be added to the Committee relative to Tea, who are desired to Re- 
port as soon as may be 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz'.) "To consider of some 
effectual Methods to prevent unlicensed Strangers and other Per- 
sons from entertaining and supplying the Youth and Servants of 
the Town with spirituous Lirfuors ; for the breaking up of bad 
Houses ; and removal of any disorderly Intruders to the Places 
from whence they came ; and for the further discountenancing of 
Vice, and promoting a Reformation of Manners ; " was read & 
considered whereupon 

Voted, that Richard Boynton Esq. 

John Tuder Esq. 
, John Hill Esq. 
Cap'. John Bradford 
M r . Ezekiel Price 

[230.] Be a Committee to take this Article into their Consider- 
ation, and Report as soon as may be 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday next being 
the 26. Instant 9. O'Clock. A: M: 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 22 d . of March 
A: D: 1770 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - read 

William Phillips Esq. was chosen Moderator of this Meeting 
and took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving Bills of 
Credit of the Governments of New Hampshire and Rhode Island 
as required by an Act ot'tiiis Province 

The Committee chosen at an Adjournment of the last Meeting 
to take up a suitable Vessel to send to England with such Dis- 
patches as the Committee Appointed to make Representation of 
the late horred Massacre should have to send Reported that they 
had agreeble to said Vote hired a Schooner of Cap'. Gardner for 
One hundred Pounds and twenty Pounds Sterling which Vessel 
would be ready for sayling by to Morrow But it being the sense 



18 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

of the Town that the whole transactions at the Adjournment of 
March Meeting on the 19 th . Ins 1 , relative to the taking up a Ves- 
sel for the purpose aforesaid, was null and void, as the same had 
not been inserted in the Warrant for calling said Meeting ; it was 
determined to take up this Matter anew; and [24O.] That 
Article in the Warrant (Viz'.) " To know the Mind of the Town 
whether a Vessel shall be hired as a Packet to carry the Dis- 
patches to London relative to the late Massacre, being read & 

considered ; it was Voted unanimously, that 

John Barrett Esq. 
M r . William Mollineux 
Cap 1 . John Bradford 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to take up for the 
Town a suitable Vessel as a Packet to carry such Dispatches to 
London as the Committee to make Representation & c . of the late 
Massacre in Boston by the Soldiery may have to send 

Cap 1 . Gardner came into Town Meeting and informed the 
Town, that he had got a Mate for his Schooner, upon whom he 
could depend, also a Hand extraordinary ; and that if it be the 
mind of the Town ; he would endeavor to secure a Landing upon 
the first English Ground he might make, and then immediately 
proceed to London in order to deliver with his own hand the 
Packets he may be intrusted with, to the Gentlemen to whom they 
shall be directed 

The Article in the Warrant (Viz'.) "To determine whether the 
Town will employ any Person beside the Captain of the Packet to 
be the Carrier of the Dispatches," was read, and considered, and 
the Question being accordingly put passed in the Negative 

Whereas Cap'. Samuel Dashwood at u former Meeting of the 
Town generously offered to proceed to London with the Dispatches 
of the Town relative to the late horred Massacre, without fee or 
reward therefore Voted, unanimously, Th:it the Thanks of the 
Town be given to Cap*. Dashwood for the above generous offer, 
[241.] Altho' the Town are since of Opinion that it is not 
necessary to employ an}* other Person for that purpose beside the 
Cap', of the Packet' 

The other Article in the Warrant (Viz'.) "To Agree upon some 
method of raising Money " for defreying the Charges that may be 
occasioned by sending a Vessel to England with Dispatches ; was 
also read and considered whereupon Voted, that the Town 
Treasurer be and he hereby is impower'd and directed to borrow 
upon Interest the Sum of One hundred and fifty Pounds Sterling 
for which he is to give his Negotiable Note or Notes in order to 
defrey the Charge of Vessels hire and other Expences that may 
arise upon the sending and delivery of the Towns Dispatches to 
the Gentlemen to whom they will be directed 

Upon a Motion made Voted, that 

The Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq. 
D r . Joseph Warren 
Samuel Pemberton Esq. 

Appointed a Committee to make Representation of the late horred 
Massacre by the Soldiery in Boston be desired to transmit by the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1770. 19 

Packet to his Grace the Duke of Richmond, General Conway, and 
such other Gentlemen as they may think proper, one or more of 
those Representations so soon as they are printed 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
William Phillips Esq. the Moderator for dispatching the Business 
of this Meeting 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston at Faneuil Hall by Adjournment from 

March 19 to March 26 th 1770. 9. O'Clock A : M : 

The Hon b!e . Thomas Gushing Esq. the Moderator being obliged 
to attend the General Court setting at Cambridge, and Richard 
Dana Esq. chosen a Pro. Temp. Moderator during his absence 
being now confined by sickness the Inhabitants were directed 
to withdraw and bring in their Votes for another, when it ap- 
peared that Joshua Henshaw Esq. was chosen Moderator of 
this Meeting Pro. Temp, and took the Oaths respecting his paying 
and receiving Bills of Credit of the New England Governments as 

required by an Act of this Province 

The Committee appointed "to consider of some effectual 
Methods to prevent unlicensed Strangers and others from selling 
Spirituous Liquors ; for the breaking up of Bad Houses & c . and 
for the further discountenancing of Vice and promoting a Refor- 
mation of Manners" Reported, that it was their Opinion, that 
full and ample provision is made in the Laws of this Province for 
those purposes. And in order more effectually to put said Laws 
in execution, the Committee recommend that twelve Tything Men 
one in each Ward of the Town be chosen whose duty is particularly 
pointed out in the Laws, and if executed properly, may in a great 
measure answer the good intentions of the Town which Report 
having been considered the Question was put Whether the 
same shall be accepted Passed in the affermative : And the 
Committee were desired to set again and Report further at May 

Meeting 

The Town were directed to withdraw and bring in their Votes 
for twelve Tything-Men and upon sorting them it appeared that 
Mess : John Preston 

William Fallass 

Andrew Oliver 
[243.] Nicholas Bowes 

Stephen Whiting 

John Clough 

Henry Roby 

Thomas Kemble 

Isaac Greenwood 

Benjamin Gooding 

Samuel Abbot 

Daniel Parker 
were chose Tything-Men for the Year ensuing 



20 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

The Committee appointed to " consider what further steps are 
necessary to strengthen the Non Importation Agreement ; dis- 
countenance the Consumption of Tea and for employing the Poor 
by encouraging Home Manufactures, and to Report to the Town 
from time to time the most likely means to answer these good 
purposes " now Report That the best method of employing the 
Tradesmen and poor People in this Town is in the natural branch 
of Ship building which has been the staple and principal means of 
employing of the People ; and that they have the pleasure and 
satisfaction to Report, that there will be three Vessels set up for 
that purpose in this Town " which Report being put passed in 
the affermative by a unanimous Vote - 

The Committee appointed to prepare a true state of facts relat- 
ing to the execrable Massacre perpetrated on the Evening of the 
5 Ins 1 ., in order that the same be transmitted to Great Britain, 
having accordingly Reported ; and the Report being accepted by 
the Town and ordered to be printed And whereas the publishing 
said Narrative with the Depositions accompanying it in this 
County, mry be supposed by the unhappy Persons now in custody 
for tryal as tending to give an undue Byass to the minds of the 
Jury who are to try the same therefore Voted, that the Com- 
mittee reserve all the printed Copies in their Hands excepting those 
to be sent to Great Britain 'till the further orders of the Town - 



Voted, that the Town Clerk be directed not to give 
out Copies or deliver any of the Original Papers respecting the 
late horred Massacre ; till the special order of the Town, or the 
direction of the Selectmen - 

The Committee appointed by the Town to get the Sellers of Tea 
subscribe not to sell any more Teas, till the late Revenue Acts are 
repealed Reported That they had attended that service, and 
that the Sellers of Tea have very generally signed not to sell, a 
few Persons excepted, who say they will not be singular, but will 
sign if its general Mem. 212 Sellers have signed - 

The Votes and Resolutions of the Town of Charlestown respect- 
ing Tea delivered in to this Meeting, were read and considered 
of - 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that 

Richard Dana Esq. 

John Rowe Esq. 

John Ruddock Esq. 

M r . John Adams 

William Phillips Esq. 

M r . Josiah Quincy 

Samuel Pemberton Esq. 

be a Committee to supervise the Laws relative to breaking into 
Houses and Stores ; as also other Laws that have appeared difficient 
& Report si>ch Amendments as they think proper at the May 
Meeting - 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesday 4. O'Clock 
p : M : - 

Tuesday March 27. 1770. 4 O'Clock P:M:Met according to 
Adjournment - 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1770. 21 

[245.] The Town having been informed by several Persons 
that a number of Soldiers with their Baggage landed Yesterday at 
Wheelwrights Wharff one Gentleman supposing that there was 
not less than Sixty Men Voted, that 

M r . William Mollineux 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 

M r . Jonathan Mason 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

be a Committee to make enquiry from time to time, whether any 
more Troops came up from Castle Island than they think neces- 
sary, and if they shall find it to be otherwise, that they then im- 
mediately acquaint the Selectmen in order for their calling a 
Meeting of the Inhabitants 

Voted, that all Matters and things which remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be referred over to the General Town Meeting in 

May next to be then considered of and acted upon 

Voted, uminimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and 
hereby are given to the Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. and the 
other Gentlemen, Moderator and Pro. Temp. Moderators of this 

Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[246.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 8 th . Day 
of May Anno Domini 1770 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r . Chauncey 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Sundry Laws - read 

Joshua Ilenshaw Esq. one of the Selectmen proposed in their 
Name to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the Choice of 
one or more Persons to Represent them in the Great & General 

Court or Assembly to be held at upon Wednesday the 30 th of 

May Currant, and in order thereto to consider and ascertain the 
number of Gentlemen to be Elected ; accordingly it was Voted to 
proceed to the Choice of Four Representatives, and then it was 
declared by the Selectmen that no Votes will be received but such 
as are unfolded, and that they propose the Poll shall be closed at 
12 O'Clock 

The Votes being brought in the number of the same were found 
to be Five hundred and thirteen and upon sorting them it appeared 
that the Four following Gentlemen were chose Viz*. 

The Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq. 439 

Hon ble . Thomas Cushing Esq. 510 

M r . Samuel Adams 510 

Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 511 

[247.] The choice of Representatives being over & declared 
by the Selectmen the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw, and 
bring in their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting in order that 
the Town may proceed in transacting the other Affairs mentioned 



22 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

in the "Warrant ; accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew, and 
brought in their Votes, and upon sorting them it appeared that 
the Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. was chosen 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. having by the advice of his Phy- 
sicians, retired into the Country for the recovery of his Health. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to the Hon ble . 
James Otis Esq; for the great and important Services which as a 
Representative in the General Assembly through a Course of 
Years He has rendered to this Town and Province ; particularly 
for his undaunted Exertions in the Common Cause of the Colo- 
nies from the beginning of the present glorious Struggle for the 
Eights of the British Constitution. At the same Time the Town 
cannot but express their Ardent Wishes for the recovery of His 
Health, and the continuance of those publick Services that must 
long be remembered with Gratitude, and distinguish his Name 
among the Patriots of America 

Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be a Committee to 
transmit to the Hon ble . James Otis Esq. an attested Copy of the 
aforegoing Vote 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P : M : 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment. 
The Petition of a number of the Inhabitants "that the Select- 
men may be empowered to make sale of several pieces of unim- 
proved Land in diverse parts of the Town " was read where- 
upon 

[248.] Voted, that M r . William Whitewell 
Thomas Daws Esq. 
M r . Samuel Downe 
M r . John Brown 
M r . Moses Gill 
M r . Josiah Quincy 
M r . Robert Pierpont 

be a Committee to take the Petition into Consideration ; confer 
with the Petitioners ; enquire and search out what vacant Lauds 

belong to the Town and Report as soon as may be : 

That Article in the Warrant Viz.' " Whether the Town will 
give Instructions to the Gentlemen that may be chosen to Repre- 
sent them in the next General Assembly was read where- 
upon 

Voted, that Richard Dana Esq. 
M r . Josiah Quincy 
D r . Joseph Warren 
Joshua Henshaw Esq. 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 

be a Committee to Consider of and prepare proper Instructions 
which they are desired to lay before the Town at the Adjourn- 
ment. 

The Committee who draw up by Order of the Town a Narrative 
of the late horred Massacre perpetrated by the Soldiery in this 
Town on the 5 th of March last ; presented an Appendix to said 
Narrative, which having been read and considered Voted, that 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1770. 23 

the Same be accepted, and that the Thanks of the Town be and 
liereb}' are given to said Committee for their strict adherance to 
the design of the Town in their appointment ; and for their per- 
fecting the Business in so correct and masterly a manner 

The Committee appointed to consider of the Petition [249.] 
Of M r . Jacob Emmons praying, " that the Town would make him 
satisfaction for the damage he has or may sustain by the taking 
away of his Lands in Paddys Alley for the enlarging of a 
Street" ; Reported verbally, " That in their Opinion M r . Emmons 
the Petitioner had not pursued the steps of the Law, for the 
obtaining a compensation for the Land, taken from him by a 
Committee of the Justices and Selectmen who laid out or enlarged 
the Passage Way called Paddys Alley ; that therefore the granting 
the Piayer of his Petition would be attended with difficulties, 
particularly by opening a Door for other Persons to apply to the 
Town who are under like Circumstances " whereupon it was 
motioned that M r . Emmons have leave to withdraw his Petition, 
and the Question being accordingly put Passed in the Aff erma- 
tive. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred and twent}- Pounds be 
allowed and paid unto M r . John Lovell, for his Salary as Master 
of the South Grammar School for the ensuing Year, the same to 
be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at 
the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . Samuel Hunt for his Salary as Master of the North 
Grammar School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
quarterly as it shall become due and to commence at the expiration 
of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . John Proctor for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in Queen Street for the Year ensuing, the same to be paid 
him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Qu r . 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . Samuel Holbrook for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in the Common for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter 

[25O.] Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be 
allowed and paid unto M r . John Tileston for his Salary as Master 
of the North Writing School the ensuing Year, the same to be 
paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at 
the expiration of the last Quart'. 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed & paid unto 
M r . James Lovel for his Salary as Usher of the South Grammar 
School for the Year ensuing, the same to be paid him quarterly 
as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the 
last Quarter 

Voted, that a further Sura of Forty Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . James Lovel as an encouragement for him to remain and 
exert himself in the Service of the Town the ensuing Year, the 



24 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due & to com- 
mence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . James Carter for his Salary as Usher of the Writing School 
in Queen Street, the Year ensuing, the same to be paid him quar- 
terly as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of 
the last Quarter 

Voted, that a further Sum of Twenty five Pounds be allowed 
and paid unto M r . James Carter as an encouragement for him to 
exert himself in the Service of the Town the Year ensuing, the 
same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to 
commence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allow'd & paid to such 
Person as the Selectmen shall Appoint an Assistant for the 
Master of the Writing School in the Common the ensuing Year, 
the same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, & to 
commence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

[251.] Voted, that the Sum of Thirty four Pounds be allowed 
and paid unto M r . John Tileston Master of the Writing School at 
the North End for providing an Assistant for the Year ensuing, 
the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due and to 
commence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid out of the Town Treasury unto M r . David Jeffries for his 
Services as Treasurer of the Town the Year past, and for all his 
Expences in that Office 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesday May 15 th . 
3. O'Clock P: M: 

Tuesday May 15 : 3. O'Clock P: M : Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Boston in Towa 

Meeting Assembled May 15 : 1770 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Annual 
Meeting the 8 th . Day of May last desiring the Selectmen to Visit 
the several public Schools in the Town, and to invite such Gentle- 
men to accompany them therein as they should think proper, and 

to Report thereon 

We the Subscribers accordingly attended that Service oil 
Wednesday the 5th Day of July last accompanied by the following 

Gentlemen viz'. 

The Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq. 
Thomas Hubbard 
William Brattle Esq. 
Harrison Grey Esq. 
John Erving Esq. 
Thomas Flucker Esq. 
The Hon ble . James Pitts Esq. 
James Otis Esq. 
The Representatives of the Town 

The Overseers of the Poor 

The Rev d . M r . Samuel Checkley 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1770. 25 

M r . Samuel Mather 

Mather B.ylcs . . . . D : D : 
Andrew Eliot . . . . D : D : 
Samuel Cooper . . . D : D : 

M r . Treat 

M r . Penuil Bowen 

M r . Simeou Howard 

M r . John Lothrop 

M r . John Walley 

M r . Treasurer Jeffries 

William Sheaff Esq. 

M r . Francis Johonnot. 

M r . Caleb Blan chard. 

M r . Nathaniel Appleton. 

M r . Robert Williams. 

Cap*. Solomon Davis. 

M r . James Ivers. 

Cap'. Job Prince. 

M r . Samuel Procter. 

Byfield Lyde Esq. 

Isaac Smith Esq. 

Ezekial Gold th wait Esq. 

Commodore Hood 

M r . Samuel Swift. 

M r . John Adams. 

Richard Dana Esq. 

Coll.Thomas Marshall. 

Maj r . Cunningham. 
[253.] Cap 4 . Josiah Waters. 

M r . Edward Carnes. 

M r . Robert Jenkins. 

M r . Ebenezer Storer. 

Melatiah Bourn Esq. 

And found the South Grammar School had 142 Scholars ; the 
North Grammar School GO Scholars ; the South Writing School 
20J Scholars ; the North Writing School 253 Scholars ; the Writ- 
ing School in Queen Street 251 Scholars ; all in very good order. 
Voted, that the above Report be accepted, and that the Gentle- 
men the Selectmen be desired to visit the publick Schools the Year 
ensuing, and invite such Gentlemen to accompany them as they 

may think proper. 

The Cominitte Appointed to examine the Accompts of M r . 
David Jeffries Town Treasurer have attended that Service and 
find the same right cast and well vouched ; in which he charges 
himself with sundry Fines, Rents and other Incomes of the Town, 

as also with the Taxes of 8000,, all which amount to the 

sum of 12331,, 2,, 6 including the balance of old Account. 

And the said Treasurer discharges himself by Sundry Abate- 
ments made the Collectors amounting to 347,, 17,, 9 By Drafts 

made by the Selectmen amounting to 3113,, ,, 8 of which 

he has paid 553,, 16,, 11 and by Drafts made by the Overseers 
of the Poor which contain the Charges of the Alms house amounting 



26 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

to 3330,, 17,, 5 of which he has paid 2162,, 15,, 7. Also by 
Sundry Sums paid for Interest amounting to 220,, 12,, 6 ; the 
whole amounting to 7212,, 8,, 5 

The said Committee have inspected said Drafts in very par- 
ticular manner and have examined the Vouchers produced by the 
Overseers of the Poor for tho amount of their Drafts, and every 
other branch of publick Charge, amounting in all as above to 
7212,, 8,, 5 [254.] As by Account of Town Treasury, in the 
Town Treasurers Books balance whereof being 5118,, 14,, 1 
is carried to Credit of new Account. 

Which Report and Account being read, Voted, that the same 
be and hereby is accepted 

Voted, that the Sum of Four thousnnd Pounds be Raised by a 
Tax upon Polls and Estates within this Town for Relief of the 
Pcor and defreying other necessary Charges arising within the 
Town the Year ensuing 

The Committee appointed on the 8 th . Instant to prepare Instruc- 
tions for our Representatives, Reported the following Draft which 
being read and considered, was accepted by the Town Nemine 
Contradicente ; And it was ordered, that the said Report be pub- 
lished in the several News Papers. 

To the Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq. & Thomas Gushing 
Esq. M r . Samuel Adams and the Hon ble . John Hancock 
cock Esq. 
Gentlemen 

The Town of Boston by their late choice of you to Represent 
them in the ensuing General Court, have given strong proof of 
their confidence in your abilities and integrity. For no period 
since the perilous times of our venerable Fathers has worn a more 
gloomy and melancholy aspect. Unwarrantable and arbitrary ex- 
actions made upon the people trade expiring, grievances mur- 
murs discontents convulzing every part of the British Empire, 
forbode a day of tryal, in which under God nothing but strict virtue 
and inflexible fortitude can save us, from a rapacious and miser- 
able distinction. A series of occurrances, many recent events, 
and especially the late Journals [255.] Of the House of Lords af- 
ford great reason to believe, that a Deep laid & desperate plan 
of Imperial despotism has been laid, and partly executed, for the 

extinction of all civil liberty ; and from a gradual sapping 

the grand foundation from a subtle undermining the main pillars, 
breaking the strong bulwarks destroying the principal ramparts 
and battlements, the august and once revered, fortress of english 
freedom the admirable work of ages, the BRITISH CONSTITUTION 
seems fast tottering into fatal & inevitable ruin. The dreadful 
catastrophe threatens universal havock, and presents an awful 
warning to hazard all if peradventure, we in these distant confines 
of the Earth may prevent being totally overwhelm'd and buried 
under the ruins of our most established rights. For many Years 
past we have with sorrow beheld the approaching conflict ; various 
have been the causes, which pressed on this decisive period, and 
everything now conspires to prompt a full exertion of our utmost 
vigilance wisdom and firmness ; and as y e . exigencies of the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1770. 27 

times require, not only the refined abilities of true policy; but the 
more muitial virtues ; conduct valor and intrepidity; So Gentle- 
men in giving you our suffrages, at this Election, we have devolved 
upon you a most important trust ; to discharge which we doubt 
not you will summon up the whole united faculties of mind and 
body. 

We decline Gentlemen a minute detail of many momentous con- 
cernments, relative to which it is believed no Instructions need be 
given ; but we shall express our thoughts on snch matters as we 
suppose you will choose to have our explicit sentiments. 

A Grievance which will early present itself in the ensuing Ses- 
sions (and to redress which you are to take all proper and spirited 
methods) is that of holding the General Court at Harvard Col- 
lege, not only against antieut usage and established law, but also 
against the wellfare of that Seminary of learning, the happy ad- 
vancement of which, this Province ever had and still have so 
much at heart. 

We would have you Gentlemen particularly Scrutinize into the 
wise and cautious transactions of our worthy Fathers in 1721. 
They it should be known, in that year tho not directly called to 
weigh [256.] The high importance of the question, yet, on this 
very matter, behaved with a political foresight, and segacious 
circumspection, truly admirable and worthy imitation : The small 
pox then almost as pestilential as the phigue, rendred the Meeting 
of the General Court in Boston morally impossible ; yet so convinced 
was the Governor of the Province of his own defect of authority to 
remove the General Assembly out of Town, that when all the Mem- 
bers daring to attend the Court in that infectious season, were as- 
sembled in the Council Chamber unable to make a quorum of 
the lower House they were expressly assured by his Excellency 
that the proposed adjourning into the Country should not be drawn 
into President. Accordingly a reliance doubtless being had on 
such solemn assurance, no objections appear entred on record 
against the Adjournment, when thro' a providential calamity, a 
transaction of business in the proper place was become really im- 
practicable. No Proverb is more familiar, than that necessity 
knows no law ; and the Court no doubt on this natural considera- 
tion was was immediately adjourned out of this Town. Yet so 
universally sensible were the people of that duty, and especially 
the three branches of Legislature, that an act of the whole Court, 
even when such a fatal emergency had forced the Adjournment, 
absolutely requisite to legalize and capasitate for their proceedure 
to publick business : and accordingly a vote passed the honour- 
able House to that purpose, the same was concurred by his Majes- 
tys Council, and approved & formally assented to, by the Com- 
mander in Chief : all which appears on the publick records of 
the Province. Now we should be glad to be informed, how these 
proceedings in essence sense and spirit, differ from a full ample 
and final denunciation of the law establishing the seat of Govern- 
ment. 

We are not ignorant that in 1728/9 a controversy was forced on 
relative to this point. This dispute had its rise, like many of 



28 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

more modern date, in consequence of ministerial Instructions 
which to borrow a phrase of the then House " are not pleasant 
to mention." (257.) We are not unacquainted that his Majestys 
Attorney and Solicitor General were at this time consulted relative 
to our legal seat of Government. We also know that the then 
Governor (Burnet) treating upon the same subject informed the 
House of Representatives, that the King Determined the point," 
according to the Attorney General and "' Soliciters opinion, that 
" the SOLE power of dissolving proroguing and adjourning the Gcu- 
" eral Court or Assembly as to time or place is IN HIS MAJESTYS Gov- 
" ERNOU, and that the reasons against it from the tenth of King 
" William had no real foundation ; there being no clause in that 
" Act laying any such restraint upon the Governor." 

Here it should be well observed is not barely a tacit but an ex- 
press declaration that the sole power of dissolving is " devolved 
entirely" upon, and exclusively vested "in the Governor" From 
hence in our opinion, this consequence unavoidably follows, that 
no Instructions orders or mandates whatever ought to direct anil 
control such power solely in the Governor. For it is not merely ab- 
surd in theory, and most mischievous in practise, that an author- 
ity incapasitated by distance to Judge of local and other critical 
circumstances, should have a power to fix such an important 
movement, but moreover it is palpably contrarient to the plain words 
of the proceeding determination. We freely own it would have 
given us more satisfaction to have seen this opinion under the 
hand of those Lawyers. But we would here Gentlemen direct 
you carefully to notice and remember, that as we always expect to 
defend our own rights & libertys so we are unalterably fixed to 
Judge for ourfieh-ex of their real existence, agreable to law. Yet 
as we believe this same opinion is far from being well grounded 
so we now offer a few comments thereon ; for your future consider- 
ation. But let it be recorded that we enter upon this task, pro- 
testing against the pretended right or power of any Crown Lawyer, 
or any exterior authority upon Earth to determine limit or asser- 
tain all or any of our constitutional or charteral, natural or civil 
political or sacred Rights liberties and privileges or immunities. 
These words there being no clause in the " Act of 10 th . of Will- 
iam laying any such constraints upon the Governor" contained in 
the afore cited opinion are we conclude intended to convey that as 
the Kings prerogative to remove the(358.)General Court at pleas- 
ure is not by express words taken away so such a power remains 
inherent in the Crown. We do allow indeed that the Kings Prerog- 
ative was once thought " a topic too delicate and sacred to be pro- 
faned by the pen of a Subject, that it was ranked among the 
areana imperrii^ and like the misteries of the bona dea was not 
suffered to be pried into by any but such as were initiated into its 
Service : because perhaps the exertion of the one, like the solemni- 
ties of the other would not bear the inspection of a rational & sober 
enquiry" We also have heard that there hath been a British 
Potentate who " dared to direct on English Parliament to abstain 
from dircoursing of matters of state ; that even that august assem- 
bly ought not to deal to Judge or to meddle with Majestys Preroga- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1770. 29 

tire Royal " and James the first with his high notions of the 
Divinity of regal swa}', more than once laid it down in his speeches, 
that " as it was athesm and blashemy in a Creature to dispute 
what the Deity might do so it is presumption and sedition in a 
subject to dispute what a King might do in the height of his pow- 
ers ; Good Christians he adds will be content with Gods will re- 
vealed in his word, and good Subjects will rest in the Kings will, 
revealed in HIS Law " Surely when such mistical Jargon, such ab- 
surd and imfamous rant was thus openly denounced in a Realm 
famed for understanding, freedom and true magnanimitie nothing 
except an ineffable contempt of the reigning Monarch diverted 
that indignant vengeance, which would otherwise have made his 
illustrious throne to tremble and hurl'd the Royal diadem from 
his forfeit head. 

The Kings prerogative in its largest extent includes only certain 
rights and privileges which by law the King hath as a third power 
of the Commonwealth intrusted with the execution of laws already 
in being. This prerogative our law pronounces to be solely gov- 
erned by the laws of the land; those being the measure as well of 
the Kings power as the Subjects obedience. For as the laws 
assert & bound the Just rights of the King ; so they likewise 
declare & maintain the [259/] Rights and liberties of the 
people ; hence it is adjudged law, that all prerogatives must be 
for tlie advantage and good of the people, otherwise such pre- 
tended prerogatives are to be allowed by law. Even our Crown 
Lawyers will inform us " that one of the principal bulwarks of 
civil liberty, or in olher words of the British constitution is the 
limitation of Ihe Kings prerogative by bounds so certain and 
notorious, that it is impossible he should ever exceed them, with- 
out the consent of the people on the one hand, or without on the 
other a violation of that original contract, which in all states 5m- 
plicidly and in ours most expressly subsists between the Prince 
and the Subject And for a consideration of the extent and the 
restrictions of the Kings prerogative, this conclusion will evi- 
dently follow that the powers which are vested in the Crown by 
the Laws of England ; are necessary for the support of society ; 
and do not retrench any further on our natural rights then is expe- 
dient for the maintanance of our civil. Sir Henry Finch under 
Charles the first tho' he lays down the law of prerogative in very 
strong and emphatical terms, yet qualifies it with a general re- 
striction in regard to the liberties of the people The King (says 
he) hath a prerogative in all things that are not injurious to the 
Subject, in them all it must be remembered, that the Kings preroga- 
tive stretcheth not to the doing of any wrong. And finally the best 
definition of the prerogative, which our law books afford is " that 
discretionary power of acting for the public good where the posi- 
tive laws are silent and if this discretionary power be abused to 
the publick detriment, such prerogative is exerted in an unconstitu- 
tional manner. 

We Gentlemen have been thus particular in our instructions on 
this head, because we apprehend that this point of prerogative 
thro' great inattention hath been much mistaken ; and also because 



30 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

every other matter, set forth in the aforesaid opinion of M r . Attor- 
ney and Solicitor General has been irrefregably confuted by diverse 
Judicious replys of succeeding houses of Assembly. Now the 
clear law laid down (to the spirit of which we do order you punctu- 
ally to adhere) proves beyond a cavil, that if the late removal of 
our General Court was not against plain provincial law, yet that 
such removal is not only unwarrantable by the principles of Crown 
[26O.] Law, but is directly repugnant to the fundimental institu- 
tions even of prerogative law For will any one be so weak or 
wicked ; nay, will even a Crown lawyer for his stipend or pension 
have the front publicly to maintain, that the late alteration of the 
seat of our General Assembly is " for the advantage and good of 
the people," or " for the necessary support of society," or 
that this assumed "prerogative stretcheth not to any wrong" 
" Now if all this and much more, is not maintained, then waving 
our provincial law relative to the seat of government, we with good 
authorit3' say, that the holding the General Court, from its antient 
and proper station, is unwarrantable unconstitutional illegal and 
oppressive. We have given you Gentlemen our full sentiments 
touching this important concern, because you ought not to be at 
any loss how to conduct your self herein conformable to the Judg- 
ment of your Constituents, But had we not here spoken so 
largely nay had the express letter of the law been less favourable, 
& were it possible to romack up any absurd obsolete notion, 
which might have seemed calculated to propogate slavish doctrines, 
we should by no means have been influenced to forego our birth 
rights. For the prime and only reason which originated all 
laws, but more particularly and expressly the prerogative, was 
the general emolument of the state, and therefore when any 
pretended prerogatives do not advance this grand purpose, 
they have no legal obligation ; and when any strictly Just 
prerogatives are exerted to promote any different design, they 
also cease to be binding. Indeed was a Soliciter General of 
Majesty in an express treatise " of the Kings prerogative will 
teach us " that mankind will not be reasoned out of the feelings 
of humanity nor will sacrifice their liberty by a scrupulous adher- 
ence to those political maxims, which were originally established 
to preserve it. 

The despicable situation of our provincial militia you will make the 
object of your peculiar attention ; and as it is [261.] apparent From 
what putred source, this decline of military emulation hath flow'd 
we press, that such animated steps may be taken as shall speedily 
remove this Just reproach from the land. When every method is 
obstinately pursued to enervate with forreign luxuries, every artifice 
practised to corrupt, in order to inslave, when we are deuyed a 
free constitutional exercise of our rights as Men and Citizens ; 
when high handed invasions are made on our property, and auda- 
cious attempts to intimidate not only from resistance but com- 
plaint; surely the constitutional watchmen and centinels of our 
liberties are asleep upon their stations, or traitors to the main body, 
if they do not rouse and risque from this insiduous plot. 

As a laudable and voluntary renunciation of a baneful Com- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1770. 31 

merce has naturally occasioned a general stagnation of trade ; and 
as the true riches of a people are numbers and industry we warmly 
recommend to you such measures as will tend to increase popula- 
tion, incourage industry and promote our own manufactures ; and 
as this is a very pacifick political devise for the defeat of our ma- 
licious foes, we presume it may be less obnoxious to the virulent 
slander of ministerial dependants but these salutary methods of 
genuine policy ought never to exclude or supersede the more open, 
manly, bold and pertenacious exertions for our freedom. 

One of the most weighty matters, which attracts our affection, 
and lies deep in the heart of every honest sensible American, is 
the firm and lasting union of the Colonies ; There is no one point 
which ought more to engage our affectionate zeal. Our enemies 
well knowing the consequence of this great acquisition, have bent 
their whole force to render it abortive. Without the least founda- 
tion Jealousies have been assiduously infused, diabolical falsehood 
forged, idle tales propogated, little discords fomented ; and every 
engine that fraud could invent, and hardy villains manage, has 
been set to work in order to retard if not utterly overthrow this 
desirable atainment, but all has not done it. The Eyes of our 
worthy Brethren thro' the Continent are open yet as we know 
the plotting mallice inveteracy & indefatigueable labour of the 
desperately wicked, we strongly inculcate that you be zealous to 
keep up a cordial intercourse, with our Sister Colonies ; and as our 
interests are so apparently inseparable, nothing but an intimate 
[262.] Communion is requisite to cement our political and natu- 
ral attachment 

We have for a long time beheld with grief and astonishment the 
unwarrantable practise of ministerial instructions to the Command- 
ers in- Chief of this Province; it is high time Gentlemen for this 
matter to be searched into and remidied. 

Such an enormous stretch of power, if much longer unchecked, 
will eventually annihilate the essentials of all civil liberty. It is 
repugnant to the very first principle of true government (which 
was alone instituted for the good of the governed) that a remote 
power not only much disconnected but often different in interests 
should undertake at pleasure to controul any command in affairs 
of the last moment for the benefit and relief of the people a 
power 3000 transmarine miles distant, not only ignorant of our 
true wellfare, but if perchance discovered interested to oppose it ; 
not only attempting to oppress, but actually oppressing that 
such a power should be allowed, wontonl}' to proscribe patricians 
& plebeins, at will to fix the residence of our parliament ; to order 
that parliament when and how to proceed, and where to retire ; at 
one time to forbid the best improvement of our own produce, at 
another time effectually to force us to purchase forreign merchan- 
dize ; and again as it were sword in hand to demand our property ; 
and anon to forbid our own disposal of a certain part of it these 
are doctrines & political solicisms which may take root and spring 
up, under the meridian of modern Rome ; but we trust in God will 
not flourish in the soil and climate of British America. We there- 
fore strictly charge you not to grant any supplys to the instru- 



32 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

ments of government if through their defect or misapplication 
the grand end for which we support and pay our Rulers are not 
accomplished. We also recommend to you carefully to enquire 
into the state of criminal [263.] Prosecution in our executive 
courts ; and endeavor to revive the antient method of appointing 
the Attorney General, agretible to charter ; for we believe that 
such a step will be attended with very salutary consequences, in 
the advancement of public Justice, the punishment of offenders and 
the general good order of the Province 

Our choice of you Gentlemen to represent us at this hazardous 
Juncture is a sufficient evidence of our great dependence on your 
wise honest and steady conduct We therefore leave all other 
matters to your best discretion and Judgment ; till we shall see fit 
to give further instructions We greatly confide that you will 
bear in strong remembrance, the hardships and sufferings of our 
pious fathers, to find out and purchase this remote assylm from 
ecclesiastical persecution and civil tyranny ; that inspired by their 
glorious example, you \ull vigorously repel even unto the utter- 
most the insults and violences of internal and external enemies to 
our peace. We remind you that the further Nations recede and 
give way to the gigautick strides of any powerful Despot, the more 
rapidly will the Fiend advance to spread wide desolation ; and 
then should an attempt be made to stay his ravaging progress 
" the dogs of war let loose and hot for blood rush on to waste and 
havock ! Obsta principiis is the maxim to be held in view. It is 
now no time to halt between two opinions ; the demands of fraud, 
violence and usurpation are unsatiable. It is therefore no season 
to stand listning to subtle alurements, deceitful cajoliugs, or 
formidable threatenings. We therefore enjoin you at all hazards 
to deport (as we rely your own hearts will stimulate) like the 
faithful Representatives of a freeborn, awakened and determined 
people who being impregnated with the spirit of liberty in con- 
ception, and nurtured in principles of freedom from their infancy 
are resolved to breathe the same celestial ether, till summoned to 
resign the heavenly flame by that omnipotent God who gave it 

Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be and they hereby 
are appointed to act upon the list of Jurors 

[264.] The Town brought in their Votes for one Overseer of 
the Poor, and upon sorting them it appeared, that 

M r . Samuel Abbot 
was chosen Overseer of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to the Hon ble . Thomas Cushing Esq. the Moderator of 
this Meeting for dispatching the business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 6 th . Day of 
June Anno Domini 1770 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1770. 33 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . Ebenezer Peraberton. 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. one of the Selectmen proposed in their 
name to the Inhabitants Assembled to the choice of one Person to 
Represent them in the Great and General Court or Assembly in 
their present Sessions and so for the remaining part of the Year 
in the room of the Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq. Elected into his 
Majestys Council. Accordingly it was Voted to proceed to the 
[265.] choice Of one Representative And then it was declared 
by the Selectmen that no Votes will be received but such as are 
unfolded, and that they propose the Poll shall be closed at 12 
O'Clock 

The Votes being brought in the number of the same wore found 
to be Five hundred and thirty six, and upon sorting them it 

appeared that 

John Adams Esq. 
was chosen by a great majority 418 Votes 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen, the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring 
in their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting in order that the 
Town may proceed in transacting the other affairs mentioned in 
the Warrant ; accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew and brought 
in their Votes, and upon sorting them it appeared that William 
Phillips Esq. was chosen 

The Town being informed soon after that M r . Phillips was not 
in Boston, withdrew as directed and brought in their Votes for 
another Moderator, and upon sorting them it appeared that John 
Ruddock Esq. was chosen, almost unanimously 

The Town brought in their Votes for one Overseer of the Poor ; 
.the choice of M r . Abbot on the 15 th . of May lust not being appre- 
hended by the Town to be altogether legal as the Inhabitants were 
not particularly notified of the choice of said Officer before the 
time of Meeting : Upon sorting of the Votes it appeared that the 
aforenamed 

M r . Samuel Abbot 

was chosen an Overseer of the Poor for the remainder of the Year 
in the room of Thomas Tyler Esq. lately deceased 

The Town brought in their Votes for one Assessor in the room 
of M r . William Fairfield lately deceased, and upon sorting them it 
appeared that 

[266.] Gyles Harris Esq. 
was chosen an Assessor for the remainder of the Year 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, unanimously, that 
it is the desire of this Town in consideration of the present aspect 
of Divine Providence towards the British Nation, and these 
American Colonies ; that a Day be set apart for fasting and 
prayer through this Province ; and that the Gentlemen who repre- 
sent us in General Assembly, communicate our sentiments to their 
other Brethren of the House 

Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to John Ruddock Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting 
for dispatching the business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



34 Crrr DOCUMENT No. 91. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 10 th . Day of 
July Anno Domini 1770. 9 O'Clock A : M : 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting and took the Oatlis respecting his paying & receiving 
Bills of Credit of the Governments of IS'ew Hampshire Connecti- 
cut [267.] Rhode Island, which were administred to him by 
M r . Justice Avery 

Sundry Letters received by Cap*. Gardner Master of the Packet 
taken up by the Town, in answer to those by him to our Friends 
in England, relative to the horred Massacre on 5 th . of March last, 

were read to the Town 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. "And that such further 
steps may be taken as shall be Judged necessary, to counteract 
the designs of those inveterate Enemies among us, who there is 
reason to think are still continuing their Misrepresentations, and 
using their Endeavours to increase the present unhappy misunder- 
standing between Great Britain and the Colonies " was read 
and considered whereupon Voted, that 

The Hon ble . Thomas Cushing Esq. 
M r . Samuel Adams 
John Hancock Esq. 
Richard Dana Esq. 
M r . William Phillips 
M r . William Mollineux 
D r . Joseph Warren 
M r . Ebenezer Storer 
M r . William Greanleaff 

be a Committee to draw up a true state of the Town, and the con- 
duct of the Commissioners since the 5 th . of March last ; and to 

Report the same at the Adjournment 

A Motion made that the printed Narratives of the late horred 
Massacre, which has been retained by order of the Town in the 
hands of the Committee ; may now be sold by the Printers, and the 

Question being accordingly put Passed in the Narrative 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Fryday next the 13 th . 
Instant 3 O'Clock P : M : 

[268.] Fryday the 13 July 1770. 3 O'Clock P : M : Town met 
according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed the 10 Inst*. to draw up a true state 
of the Town and the conduct of the Commissioners of the Board 
of Customs since the 5 th . of March last Reported a draft of a 
Letter to be sent our friends in England, and the same having 
been read and considered Voted, that said draft be accepted, and 
that the said Committee be desired to transmit fair Cop3 - s of said 
Letter to such Gentlemen in England as they shall think proper 

Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and 
hereby are given to the Hon ble . Thomas Cushing Esq. the Modera- 
tor of this Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1770. 35 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil HaH on Monday the 20 Day of 
August Anno Domini 1770. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Richard Dana Esq. was chosen Moderator of this Meeting and 
took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving Bills of Credit 
of the Government of New Hampshire Connecticut & Rhode 
Island, which were Administred to hiift by M r . Justice 

[269.] The Petition of a number of Inhabitants setting 
forth, " That the Passage Way leading from the North part of 
Faneuil Hall Market into Ann Street and Union Street, is so nar- 
row as often times to obstruct the passing of Carts, Trucks and 
other Carriages thereby endangering the Limbs and Lives of the 
Inhabitants, and is a public Nuisance, and praying that said Pas- 
sage Way may be widened and enlarged, either by filling up the 
South West part of the Town Dock, so far as to render the same 
convenient for the passage of Carriages &c. or in such other man- 
ner as to them may seem meet" was read, and upon a Motion 
made & seconded the Question was put Whether the Town 
will proceed to take into Consideration the Subject matter of this 
Petition as inserted in the Warrant Passed in the Affermative. 

The above Petition having been read and considered Voted, 
that the Selectmen be desired and impower'd to fill up the Dock 
from the South East Corner of the Towns Land to the Warehouse 
occupied by the Heirs of the late John Fayerweather Esq. on a 
strait line to the Northwest Corner opposite to M r . Joseph Tylers 
Shop (without obstructing the several Drains) for the present ac- 
commodation of Faueuil Hall Market, reserving to the Town their 
right of shutting up said Ways, when they shah! Judge it conven- 
ient 

Voted unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to Richard Dana Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for 

dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[27O.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in 
publick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall August 24 th , 
1770. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

John Hancock Esq. was chosen Moderator of this Meeting and 
took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving Bills of Credit 
of the Governments of New Hampshire Connecticut and Rhode 
Island. 

The Venire directed to the Constables of Boston for the choice 
of Six Grand Jurors and eighteen Petit Jurors for August Court 
was read 

The after examination, finding that the Temporary Law for 
regulating the choice of Jurymen was expired, and having taken 



36 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

the Opinion of Richard Dana Esq. Council at Law, proceeded to 
the choice of Jurymen agreable to the Venire ; and the following 

Persons were nominated and. chose Viz 1 . 

6 Grand Jurors. 

M r . Ebenezer Lowell 

M r . Joseph Turell 

M r . John Cunningham 

M r . William Palfrey 

M r . Thomas Jackson 

Benjamin Austin Esq. 

18 Petit Jurors 

M r . Thomas Fletcher 

M r . Richard Boynton - - - - - excused 

M r . Daniel Jones 

George Irving Esq. 
[271.] M r . Josiah Torrey 

M r . Edward Grant 

M r . Henry Hill 

M r . Nathaniel Barret 

M r . George Trott 

Thomas Araory Esq .----- excused 

Cap*. Fortesque Vernon 

M r . Phillip Dumaresque ----- excused 

Benjamin Faneuil Esq. 

M r . Robert Rand 

Cap'. Solomon Davis 

Moses Peck - - - (served within the time) 

M r . Joshua Gardner 

M r . John Winnitt ------- excused 

M r . Joshua Green ------- 

M r . Samuel Ridgway Jun r . - - - - excused 

M r . William Lowder 

M r . William Frobisher 

Ezekiel Lewis Esq. - (served within the time) 

M r . Charles Coffin 

M r . Neal M c lntyre^ 

Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and here- 
by are given to John Hancock Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting 

for his services 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in pnblick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 20 th . 
of September Annoqui Domini 1770 

Warrant for calling the Meeting ------- read 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the Government of New Hampshire, Connecticut 
and Rhode Island 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1770. 37 

The Petition of diverse of the Freeholders representing " that the 
Town have at their late Meeting Voted to fill up part of the Town 
Dock in order to enlarge the Passage Way, and that they appre- 
hend it will be attended with much greater Expence to the Town 
than if the same was wholty filled up, therefore praying that the 
minds of the Inhabitants may be taken upon the matter, that they 
may act upon the same as they may think meet " was read, 
after debate had thereon Voted, that 

John Ruddock Esq. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 

M r . William Cooper 

John Scollay Esq. 

be a committee to take the Petition into Consideration enquire into 
the Titles to the Dock, and make Report as soon as may be 

The Proposal of a number of the Inhabitants for forming a 
Society in order to promote Arts, Agriculture, Manufactures and 
Commerce in this Province " was read and upon a Motion made 
and seconded Voted, that 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 
[273.] The Hon bto . Thomas Gushing Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

M r . Thomas Boylston 

John Adams Esq. 

D r . Joseph Warren 

M r . William Dennie 

be a Committee to take the Proposal into Consideration, and Re- 
port as soon as may be 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Saturday the 29 th . 
Instant 3 O'Clock P: M: 

Sattnrday the 29 th . Day of September 3 O'Clock P: M: Met ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

John Hancock Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting being out of 
Town, the Inhabitants Assembled proceeded to the choice of an- 
other, when it appeared that John Ruddock Esq. was chosen Mod- 
erator, during the necessary absence of John Hancock Esq 

A Venire for the choice of Six Persons to Serve as Jurymen at 
the Infereior Court in October next was read and the Town 
having proceeded to the choice of Jurymen, according to the 
standing Law of this Province, the Temporary Law for the regu- 
lating the choice of Petit Jurymen being expired 

M r . William Daws 

M r . William Phillips 

M r . Richard Salter 

M r . Andrew Boardman 

M r . John Scott 

M r . Thomas Drown 

were the Persons chose, and the Venire was then return'd to Con- 
stable Wells 

[274.] The Committee appointed to Consider the Petition of a 
number of Inhabitants relative to filling up the Town Dock, and 
also to enquire into the Titles of the Abutters &c. having informed 



38 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

the Town that they were not ready to make Report thereon It 
was the desire of the Town that they would make Report at the 
Adjournment 

The Committee relative to the proposal of a number of the In- 
habitants for forming a Society in order to promote Arts, Agricult- 
ure, Manufactures and Commerce in this Province, not being 
present their Report which had been lodged with the Town Clerk, 
was not read, but the consideration thereof referred to the Ad- 
journment 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday next, being 
the 8 th . Instant 10 O'Clock Before Noon 

Monday October 8. 10. O'Clock A: M: Met according to 
Adjournment, M r . Hancock in the Chair 

John Ruddock Esq. Chairman of the Committee to Consider 
the Petition of a number of the Inhabitants relative to filling up 
the Dock &. acquainted the Town that said Committee were not 
then able to Report as fully as they intended ; and therefore 
desired leave to Report at the Adjournment which was accordingly 
granted. 

M r . Ruddock then motioned that as the business of the Adjourn- 
ment was of considerable importance to the Inhabitants ; the 
Selectmen might be directed to issue timely Notifications of the 
Adjournment of this Meeting and the Business that will then 
come before the Town, that so there may be a punctual and 
general attendance of the Inhabitants And the Question being 
accordingly put Passed in the Affermative 

[275.] Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday 
next being the 15. of October inst'. 10. O'Clock Before Noon 

Met according to Adjournment this 15 Day of October 1770. 
10 O'Clock A: M: 

The Committee appointed by the Town " to enquire into the 
Titles of the Abutters, on the Town Dock, and to determine 
whether the same shall be filled up agreable to the prayer of a 
Petition for that purpose " attended this Meeting and informed 
the Town that they were only ready to make a partial Report 
whereupon it was moved, that the Question be put " Whether 
the Report of the Committee should be received in so thin a Meet- 
ing of the Inhabitants, and the Question 

Voted, that the Committee appointed to Consider of the 
Proposal of a number of the Inhabitants for forming a Society 
to promote Agriculture, Manufactures and Commerce in this 
Province as also the Committee appointed on the Petition of a 
number of the Inhabitants relative to filling up the Dock & c . be 
desired to make their Several Reports at the next General Town 
Meeting 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. Moderator of this Meeting for his 

Services as Moderator 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



BOSTON TOWN EECOEDS, 1771. 39 

[276.] Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Mather 

Warrant for calling the Meeting ------- read 

Sundry Laws enjoin'd to be read at this Meeting were accord- 
ingly read 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. was chosen Moderator of 
this Meeting and took the Oaths respecting his paying & receiving 
Bills of Credit of the Governments of Connecticut New Hamp- 
shire and Rhode Island, as required by an Act of this Province 

M r . William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year 
ensuing, and having taken the Oath respecting his paying and 
receiving Bills of Credit of the Governments of Connecticut, New 
Hampshire & Rhode Island, took the Oath of Office for the faith- 
ful discharge of his duty, which Oaths were Adininistred to him 

by M r . Justii-e Dana 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted, it appeared that 

The Hon ble . Joshua Henshaw Esq. - - -(excused) 
Coll . Joseph Jackson Esq. 

John Ruddock Esq. 
The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 
Samuel Pemberton Esq. 
M r . Henderson Inches 
M r . Jonathan Mason 

were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing 

see Page 

[277.] The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Over- 
seers of the Poor, and upon sorting them it appeared, that 
John Barret Esq. 
The Hon ble . Royal Tyler Esq. 
M r . Benjamin Dolbear 
M r . William Whitwell 
M r . William Greanleaff 
William White Esq. 

M r . Joseph Waldo (excused) 

John Leveret Esq. 
John Gore Esq. 
Cap'. Samuel Partridge 
M r . Samuel Whitwell 
M r . Samuel Abbot 

were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing 

see Page 

Upon a Motion made Voted, that 4 O'Clock Afternoon be 
assign'd for the choice of a County Register, and a County 
Treasurer 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Wardens and upon 

sorting them it appeared that 

Isaac Smith Esq. 

Coll . Thomas Marshall Esq. 

M r . David Jeffries. 

M r . Ebenezer Storer 

Onesip". Tileston Esq. 



40 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

John Gore Esq. 

Newman Grenough Esq. 

Cap 1 . Martin Gay 

M r . Daniel Waldo 

M r . Caleb Davis 

M r . John White 

M r . Daniel Parker ' 

[278.] Were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for Sixteen Fire- Wards and 
upon sorting them it appeared, that 

John Scollay Esq. 

Newman Grenough Esq. 

John Rowe Esq. 

M r . William Cooper 

M r . John Mico Wendell. 

Coll . Thomas Marshall Esq. 

M r . Joseph Tyler 

Cap*. Adino Paddock 

M r . James Richardson 

Cap'. Benjamin Waldo 

The Hon ble . John H uncock Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

Thomas Daws Esq. 

M r . Alexander Hill 

Francis Shaw Esq. 

were chose Fire- Wards for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Town Treasurer and 
upon sorting them it appeared, that M r . David Jeffries was chosen 
and having taken the Oath respecting his paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the other Governments, took the Oath of Office 
for the faithful discharge of his duty which Oaths were Adminis- 

tred to him by M r . Justice 

Mess. Richard Palms 

Joseph Dommet 

William Fowle 

William Smith 
[279.] Moses Grant 

Ebenezer Bridgham 

Frederick William Geer 

Josiah Eliot 

William Jones 

John Hunt Tertius 

John Nazro 

William Cazneau 

were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing 

Upon a Motion made and seconded the Question was put 
Whether Constables & Collectors of Taxes shall be chose sepper- 

ate Passed in the affirmative 

Voted, that the Sum of Five Pounds be Remitted out of the 
Ten Pounds Fine to such Persons as shall be chose into the Office 

of Constable for the Year ensuing, and shall decline serving 

Voted, that the Sum of Twelve Pence on the pound, be and 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1771. 41 

hereby is allowed to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of 
Taxes for the Year ensuing, for all such Suras as they shall Col- 
lect ; provided they pay into the several Treasuries the whole Sum 
committed to them to Collect on or before the 10 th . Day of August 
1772 Eight Pence on the Pound on all such other Sums as they 
shall have so paid into said Treasuries on or before the 20 th . Day 
of December 1772 and Four Pence upon the pound upon the 
remainder of the Sums they shall be obliged to Collect provided 
sucli remainder shall be fully paid in on or before the second 
Monday in March 1773 This Premium as above expressed appears 
to be Just and equitable, and an ample Allowance to the Collec- 
tors to encourage them to discharge their Duty with diligence and 
fidelity ; provided also that each of said Collectors give Bond with 
sufficient Sureties to the satisfaction of [28O.] The Selectmen for 
the faithful discharge of their duty in said Office, and complying 

with this Vote 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Four Collectors of 
Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeared that 
Mess. Sampson Salter 

Edward Hollyday 

Abraham Savage 

Benjamin Henderson 

were chose into that Office 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven Assessors, 
and upon sorting them it appeared that 

M r . John Kneeland 

M r . Benjamin Church 

Belcher Noyes Esq. 

M r . Daniel Pecker 

M r . Jonathan Brown 

Moses Deshon Esq. 

Gyles Harris Esq. 

were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing 

Mess". William Nichols 

Andrew Symms 

Clement Collins 

Henry Allen 

Isaac Vergoose 

John Greuough 

Jacob Thayer 

Joseph Edmunds 

John Skill ins 

Richard Walker 

John Champney 

John Bulfinch 
[281.] Abraham Howard 

Joseph Butler 

Joseph Eyres 

Thomas Bayley 

Andrew Townsend 

Joseph Ballard 

John Holland 



42 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

John Rogers 

Edmund Ranger 

Thomas Uran 

Elisha Homes 

Obediah Low 

Benjamin Page 

were chose Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. John Joy 

Obediah Low 

Samuel Dyer 

John Dyer 

William Crafts 

were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing 

Mess. Samuel Bangs 

Joseph Clark 

Daniel Parks 

Benjamin Bass 

Cap 1 . Adino Paddock - - - (excused) 

Thomas Noland 

were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing 

Mess. William Daws Jun. 

Thomas Edes 

were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing 

[282.] Mess". Peter Cotta 

Manesseh Masters 

Joseph Dyer 

John Harskins 

David Spear 

Jonathan Jenkins 

Job Wheelright 

Joshua Pico 

Benjamin Salt 

Paul Baxter 

John Owen 

Thomas Knox 

Samuel White 

Edward Cowell 

Edward Potter 

Peter Ellis 

Timothy Pease 

Nathaniel Waterman 

Jacob Williams 

Samuel Bernard 

John Newell 

Joseph Phillips 

Henry Lucas 

Caleb Hayden 

were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing 

Mess. David Simins 

Thomas Curtis 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1771. 43 

M r . Thomas Curtis 
was chosen Hayward for the Year ensuing 

[283.] M T . John Gray 
was chosen Surveyer of Hemp for the Year ensuing 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, it was Voted, thut the Scav- 
ingers be chose out of their respective Wards, one to each Ward 

Wards. 

Mess. John R. Sigorney -------- N. 1 

After Stoddard --------- 2 

Edward Foster- --------- 3 

Freeman Pulsifer --------- 4 

John Merrit ---------- 5 

Thomas Russell --------- Q 

Joseph Ridgaway --------- 7 

William Perkins --------- 8 

Robert Williams 9 

Elisha Eaton ----------10 

John Martin ---------- H 

Benjamin Wheeler --------12 

were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing 

John Tuder Esq. 
M r . John Lucas 

were chose Suveyers of Wheat for the Year ensuing 

Cap'. Martin Gay 
M r . John Skinner 

were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to enforce the duty of 

Scavingers upon such as have been chose into that Office ; and if 

they should find any defects in the Laws relating to those Officers, 

that they Report the same to the Town, that they may act thereon 

as they shall Judge proper. 

[284.] Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P: M : 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment. 

The Selectmen Reported on the Accompt of M r . Benjamin Fen- 
no Keeper of the Granary for the Year past which Accompt as 
entred on his Books, (and on file in the Town Clerks Office, was 
read whereupon it was Voted, that the same be accepted) and 
that M r . Fenno be accountable to the Town for 70 bushels of In- 
dian Meal and 242 bushells of Rye Meal amounting to 56 ,, 12 ,, 
10 and also for the Sum of 154 ,, 6 ,, 7J Cash now in his hands, 
exclusive of the Sum of 32,, 13 ,, 4 for his Salary and attend- 
ance as charged in his Accompt, which is hereby allowed him 

CoM. Joseph Jackson Esq. 
John Leveret Esq. 
M r . John Sweetser. 

were chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, and they are 
desired and impowered to give all needful direction to the Keeper 
of the Granary respecting the Quantity of Grain to be sold, and af- 
fixing the price thereof from time to time as occasion shall require ; 
and the said Committe are desired and directed to cause all the 
Grain belonging to the Town to be ground in the New Mills near 
the Mill Bridge now occupied by M r . George Leonard 



44 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Constables the Per- 
sons chose into that Office and sworn are 

Mess". Augustus Hail 

Elias Dupee 

[285.] George Thomas 

Francis Salmon 
Peter Baibour 
Stephen Symms 
Hezekial Usher 
John Wells 
John Bennet 
Thomas Chapman 
Samuel Greanleaff 

Edward Blake 

The Petition of a large number of the Inhabitants Setting forth 
" that on account of the many fatal Accidents that happen by the 
explosion of Magazines of Powder in large and populous Citys, 
they apprehend their lives and properties in common with the rest 
of their Fellow Citizens ; to be very insecure from the Powder 
house being situated where it now is, and therefore praying the 
Town to take the matter into Consideration and make such Ap- 
plication as they shall think effectual for its removal " was read 
and considered whereupon the Question was put Whether the 
Town will make Application for the removal of the Powder-house 
out of this Town to a place of greater safety Passed in the 
Affermative. 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to prepare a Petition to the General Court praying the re- 
moval of the Powder House out of this Town, and to Report at 

the Adjournment 

Votes for a Count}" Register brought in and sealed up by Con- 
stable Dupee to whose care they are delivered to be returned to 

the Court of Sessions 

Votes for a County Treasurer brought in & sealed [286.] up 
Constable Dupee to whose care they are delivered to be returned 

to the Court of Sessions 

The Petition of a number of the Inhabitants " praying that the 
Watch may be replaced at or near the Fortification for reasons 

expressed in said Petition 

Voted, that Benjamin Kent Esq. 
Richard Dana Esq. 
John Hill Esq. 
Belcher Noyes Esq. 
Melatiah Bourn Esq. 
be a Committee to take this Petition into Consideration & Report 

at the Adjournment 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesday next 10. 
O'Clock before Noon. 

Tuesday the 12. Day of March, 10 O'Clock Before Noon, met 

according to Adjournment 

The Moderator having read to the Town a Letter from the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1771. 45 

Hon ble . Joshua Henshaw Esq. desiring that upon account of his ill 
state of health he might be excused from serving as a Selectmen, 
into which Office he had been again chosen he was accordingly 
excused And upon Motion 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Hon b!e . Joshua Henshaw Esq. for hi3 faithful services as a Se- 
lectman in Years past 

[87.] The Town proceeded to the choice of one Selectman 
in the room of Joshua Henshaw Esq. who had resigned, and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted it appeared that 

M r . Ebenezer Storer 
was chosen a Selectman for the Year ensuing 

The Selectmen 

were chose Surveyors of High ways for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that Nicholas Boylston Esq. 

Thomas Gray Esq. 

Ezekiel GolclthwaitEsq. 

M r . John Pitts 

Thomas Daws Esq. 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Ac- 
compts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries and also the Accompts of the 
Overseers of the Poor, and the said Committee are enjoin'd to in- 
spect every particular Accompt of the Moneys expended for the 
use of the Almshouse, they are also impowered when they shall 
Audit said Accompts to allow such of the Overseers as shall have 
advanced Moneys for the relief of the Poor, Interest on all such 
Sums from the time so advanced till they shall have Audited said 
Accompts : and they are also desired to Report from time to time 
a state of a Treasury respecting the Debts & Credits and on 

many matters that they may think proper 

The Petition of Jonathan Payson Esq. setting forth " that he 
has allowing for what is coming to him as his premium of Collect- 
ing discharged the whole of what was due to the Town Province & 
County Treasurers to the Sum of One hundred & twenty Pounds 
ten Shillings and eight Pence half Penny ; and praying that the 
same may be Remitted him, the whole of which having been in the 
course of sixteen Years, by means of [288.] some of the Persons 
assessed going beyond Sea or into other Towns and Provinces, be- 
coming Bankrupts or dying Insolvent as by a List to be offered 

will appear" was read, and after debate had thereon 

Voted, that Jonathan Williams Esq. 

M r . Alexander Hill 

Meletiah Bourn Esq. 

M r . Samuel Austin 

Ezekial Goldthwait Esq. 

be a Committee to take the Petition into consideration, as also to 
examine the List M r . Payson has exhibited to the Town of his 

Outstanding Debts and to Report at the Adjournment 

The Petition ot M r . John Green representing, " that on the 
Evening of the 5. of March last being on his lawful Business near 
Long Lane and hearing the cry of Fire he run up Leverets Lane, 
and just as he turned Mess". Amorys Corner, the Soldiers fired, 



46 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

at which time one of the Balls enterd his Thigh, whereby he was 
wounded in a dangerous manner and praying that the Town would 
discharge his Surgeons Bill for reasons therein given" read and 
debate had thereon whereupon it was Voted, that 

Coll . Thomas Marshall Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

M r . Peter Boyer 
be a Committee to take this Petition into Consideration and make 

Report at the Adjournment. 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby arc impowered and di- 
rected, to set for Abatement of such Taxes as they shall Judge 
reasonable on every Wednesday, till the hist Wednesday in April 
inclusive, and no longer, saving that they be [289.] Allowed to set 
the two last weeks in November for the Abatement of the Taxes 
of such Persons as had not an opportunity of applying in the above 
limitted time, by reason of their being out of the Province ; at 
which time they are also allowed & impowered to Abate the Taxes 
of such Persons as may have died Insolvent between the said 

last Wednesday in April and the last Day of November 

A Letter from that celebrated Patriot, D r . Lucas of Ireland, 
owning the Receipt of one transmitted him by a Committee of this 
Town logether with the Pamphlet relative to the horred Massacre 
in Boston March 5. 1770 was read and attended to with the 
highest satisfaction 

Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P : M : 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

Voted, that the Consideration of Schoolmasters Salarys, and all 
other Salarys and Grants be referred over to next May Meeting 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that the Town 
Treasurer be and he hereby is impowered and directed to borrow 
on Interest a Sum not exceeding Three Hundred Pounds lawful 
Money, for the use of the Overseers of the Poor, to purchase 
Grain &c. for the Alms-house. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that the Town Treas- 
urer be and he hereby is directed and impowered to give his Ne- 
gotiable Notes upon Interest to such of the Overseers of the Poor 
as are in advance for the relief of the Town, for such Sums as ap- 
pear to be due to them respectively, upon the Auditing of their 
Acco 1 to y e present Month. 

[29O.] D r . Lucas's Letter was again read and upon a Motion 

Voted, that The Hon bie . James Bowdoin Esq. 
D r . Joseph Warren 
Samuel Pemberton Esq. 
Richard Dana Esq. 
M r . Samuel Adams. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to return a respectful 
answer to this Letter 

Upon a Motion made Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby 
are directed and impowered to take effectual care that the Com- 
mon is inclosed and kept inclosed ; And also to bring such 
Actions as they may think necessary to prevent or remove any 
Incumbrances upon the Towns Lands, and for obtaining damages 
for the same also 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1771. 47 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to publish the above 

Vote in all the News Papers with a suitable preamble 

That Article in the Warrant, Viz* "Whether the Town will 
determine upon some suitable Method to perpetuate the memory 
of the horred Massacre perpetrated on the Evening of the 5. of 
March 1770 by a Party of Soldiers of the 29. Regiment" 

and after debate had thereon 

Voted, that The Hon blc . John Hancock Esq. 
M r . Samuel Adams 
D r . Benjamin Church 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
Richard Dana Esq. 
D r . Joseph Warren 
Samuel Pemberton Esq. 
be a Committee to take under Consideration this Article in the 

[291-] Warrant, and Report at the Adjournment 

That Article in the Warrant Viz.' " That some steps may be 
taken to vindicate the Character of the Inhabitants grosly injured 
by some partial and false publications relative to the tryals of 
Cap 1 . Preston & c " was read and after debate had thereon 

Voted, thatM r . William Cooper 

John Ruddock Esq. 
D r . Thomas Young 
M r . William Greanleaff 

M r . John Sweetser 

be a Committee to take this Article into Consideration and 

Report as soon as may be 

That Article in the Warrant, Viz. "To consider what Meas- 
ures are proper for procuring some suitable Person or Persons to 
undertake the sweeping of Chimnies, whereby the Town will be 

better secured from Fires " was read whereupon 

Voted, that Thomas Daws Esq. 

Jonathan Williams Esq. 

M r . Samuel Austin 

be a Committee to take this Article into Consideration, and Report 

at the Adjournment 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesda}- the 19. of 
March Instant 9. O'Clock Before Noon 

Tuesday March 19. Met according to Adjournment. 

M r . Joseph Waldo informed the Town that he was intending a 
Voyage to England and therefore declined serving in the Office of 
an [292.] Overseer to which he had been chosen M r . Waldo 
was accordingly excused and upon a Motion made Voted, That 
the Thanks of the Town be given to the said M r . Waldo for his 
faithful Services as an Overseer of the Poor in Years past 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that the Thanks of 
the Town be and hereby are given to Cap'. William Homes Esq. 
for his faithful services as a Fire Ward a number of Years past 

The Committee chosen to take into Consideration the Petition 
of Jonathan Payson "^ ,q. not being able to Report thereon were 
desired to do it next jlay Meeting 



48 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

The Town brought in their Votes for an Overseer of the Poor 
in the room of M r . Joseph Waldo who has resigned and upon sort- 
ing them it appeared that 

M r . Daniel Waldo 

was chosen an Overseer of the Poor for the Year ensuing 

see Page 

The Committee appointed to Consider of some Suitable Method 
to perpetuate the memory of the horred Massacre perpetrated on 
the Evening of the 5. of March 1770. by a Party of Soldiers of 
the 29 th Regiment Reported as their Opinion "That for the 
present the Town make choice of a proper Person to deliver an 
Oration at such Time as may be Judged most convenient to com- 
memorate the barbarous murder of five of our Fellow Citizens on 
that fatal Day, and to impress upon our minds the ruinous teu- 
demry of standing Armies in Free Cities, and the necessity of 
such noble exertions in all future times, as the Inhabitants of the 
Town then made, whereby the designs of the Conspirators against 
the public Liberty may be still frustrated And the Committee 
in order to compleat the Plan of some standing Monument of 
[293.] Military Tyrany begg'd to bs indulged with further 
time " which Report being accepted it was Voted unanimously 
that the Town will now come to the choice of an Orator agreable 

to the Report of their Committee 

M r . Samuel Hunt and James Lovel were then nominated in or- 
der for the To\vu to make choice of one of them to be the Orator 

on this Occasion 

The Inhabitants as directed then withdrew and brought in their 
Votes, and upon sorting them it appeared that 
M r . James Lovel 

was unanimously chosen 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

D r . Benjamin Church 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 

Richard Dana Esq. 

D r . Joseph Warren 

Samuel Peraberton Esq. 

Samuel Swift Esq. 

were appointed a Committee to wait upon M r . James Lovel, and 
acquaint him that the Town have unanimously made choice of him 
to deliver an Oration in Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 2 d . of April 

next 10. O'Clock Before Noon 

Upon a Motion made Voted, that 

The Hon ble . James Pitts Esq. 

The Hon ble . Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

Coll . Joseph Jackson Esq. 

Majo r . John Ruddock Esq. 

The Hon blc . John Hancock Esq. 

Samuel Pemberton Esq. 

M r . Henderson Inches 
[294.] M r . Jonathan Mason 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1771. 49 

M r . Samuel Payne 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
John Barrett Esq. 

A Committee appointed by the Town the 13 : of June 1769 to 
prosecute in the Law the Proprietors of the Grist Mills at the 
North part of Boston, be and hereby are directed to discontinue 

the Suit they had commenced by Older of the Town Also 

Voted, that the above Committee be directed to renew the Boun- 
daries of the Towns Grants to the Proprietors of the Grist Mills in 
Boston by Erecting some permanent Monuments, and to Report at 
May Meeting 

The Committee appointed to consider the Petition of M r . John 
Green Reported, as their Opinion " That there be paid out of 
the Town Treasury into the hands of the Petitioner t';e Sum of 
Twelve Pounds fifteen Shillings for the purpose of discharging the 
Surgeons Bill mentioned in the Petition The Committee also 
Reported That in Consideration of the present distressed Cir- 
cumstances of the Petitioner occasioned by the misfortune set 
forth in his Petition, the Exponce he was necessarily put to by 
means thereof, and his inability to work at his trade or do any- 
thing for the support of his numerous Family for near Seven 
Months, the further Sum of Eighteen Pounds be paid to him out 
of the T ,vvn Treasury ; and that the Overseers of the Poor give 
him an Order on the Treasurer for the aforesaid sum," which 
Report being read and considered, the Question was put, 
' Whether the same shall be accepted Passed in the Afferma- 
tive 

Committee to wait upon M r . Lovel reported [395.] That they 
had waited upon him accordingly, and received for answer that he 
should comply with the Vote of the Town desiring him to pro- 
nounce an Oration on the 2d. of April next 

The Committee appointed on the 12 th . Instant to Consider the 
request of a number of Persons that some steps may be taken to 
vindicate the Character of the Town Inhabitants, grosly injured 
by some partial and false Publications relative to the Tryals of 
Cap'. Preston &c. Report 

" That having made such enquiries and examinations as the 
short time allowed them would permit, it plainly appears to your 
Committee that ihe Character of the Inhabitants has been grosly 
injured in a Pamphlet entitled a Narrative of the Tryals &c. said 
to be printed by permission of the Hon ble . Court, and also in sev- 
eral anonimous publications: This Pamphlet can be considered 
as no other than a mutilated and partial Account of the tryal of 
the Soldiers, some of the Evidences produced in Court being left 
out, as also what was offered in behalf of the Crown by M r . Pain, 
while some Affidavits are found there which were not taken in 
Court in the courso of these tryals : As to the Anonimous Publi- 
cations they are evidently intended to mislead the People of the 
Colonies and the Mother Country into the apprehension that the 
Inhabitants of this Town were the Aggressors on the bloody 
Evening of the 5 th . of March ; that a plan had been formed to 
attack the Soldiery, and drive them from Boston previous to the 



50 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

horred Massacre ; that the Troops were accordingly first at- 
tacked by the Inhabitants, and the Party of Soldiers near the 
Custom House put into such iminent hazard of their lives as to 
Justify their firing upon the People, and the Slaughter that en- 
sued ; that the bringing M r . Manwarren a Tide Water upon 
tryal for a supposed firing from tho Custom House was without 
the least colour of Evidence to Justify it and a malicious proceed- 
ure, wholly calculated to bring disgrace upon the Commissioners 
of the Customs and their under Officers ; and that consequently 
the Pamphlet entitled a Narrative of the horred [296.] Massacre 
&c. which was transmitted b}' order of the Town to a number of 
Lords and Gentlemen in Great Britain & Ireland was an imper- 
fect erroneous account of the transactions on that dreadful Night, 

and quite undeserving the least share of Credit. 

Your Committee do not presume to give their Opinion whether 
these Mattei-s may with propriety be taken up by the Town as no 
Town can be Justly chargeable with the Crimes real or supposed 
of a few of its Inhabitants but if the Town should apprehend 
that the reputation and interest of the Inhabitants in general is in 
danger of eventually suffering on this occasion, and that it would 
not well become them to see even the Characters of a few Towns- 
men unjustly impeach'd and dishonored when they have it so 
much in their power to do them Justice : Your Committee 
would th<>n beg leave to recommend the appointment of another 
Committee who shall be directed to prepare and draw up a true 
and full account of those Tryals and what prececded them, with 
Just and proper remarks thereon and on the misrepresentations 
contained in the several publications ; which may serve as an Ap- 
pendix to the Pamphlet before published by the Town ; in this 
Keport the manner of proceedurc on one side and the other in the 
choice of Jurors and Talesmen, the Sentiments & prejudices 
which some of them discovered before the tryal ; the Characters of 
several of the Witnesses, the discoveries which were offered to be 
made either in Court or to the Council on the part of the Crown 
which were not attended to; the Witnesses that were abroad or 
dead whose Affidavits were printed in the Towns Pamphlet, and 
other Evidences which were offered to the Council but not taken ; 
the Lines drawn and stipulations made by the Council on each side 
previous to eutring upon Action which any ways effected the 
Issue ; and the political manoevers made by the Managers in the 
course [297.] of those Tryals shall be precisely stated. Your 
Committee are further of Opinion that said Committee in order to 
produce a clear and full vindication of the Town should be di- 
rected to apply unto two or more Majestrates, that the necessary 
affidavits may be taken in perpetuam, also to the several Gentle- 
men of the Law who were concerned or present at those Tryals, 
and even to the Hon ble . Judges themselves, that so nothing may 
be asserted but can be well supported by good Evidences and 
Authority ; when we doubt not your Committee will be able to 
make it manifest to the World ; that the Executions of the 
Military on the Evening of the 5. of March 1770. were not more 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1771. 51 

unprecedented and barbarous than they were unnecessary and 

wanton All which is submitted 

WILLIAM COOPER, pr. Order 

The above Report having been read, and debate had thereon it 

was Votod, that the samo be so far accepted as that 

M r . William Cooper 
John Ruddock Esq. 
D r . Thomas Young 
M r . William Greenleaff 
M r . John Svveetser 
D r . Benjamin Church 
D*. Joseph Warren 
M r . Samuel Adams 
The Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq. 

be a Committee to consider the facts therein mentioned, and as- 
certain them by such Evidence as can be had, and to make such 
Observations and Remarks thereon as they shall think pertinent, 
and lay the same bfore the Town as soon as may be 

Voted, that D r . Charles Chancey be desired to open the Meeting 
on which the Oral ion is to be delivered by M r . Lovel, with Prayer. 

The Honourable John Hnncock Esq. having generously [298.] 
Offered to put the Orators Desk in Mourning on the Day the Oration 
relative to the late Massacre is to be pronounced The Town 
gratefully accepted of the offer 

The Committee appointed " to consider what measures are prop- 
er for procuring some suitable Person or Persons to undertake 
the sweeping of Chimnies &c " arc desired to Report at May Meet- 
ing 

The Committee appointed to wait on M r . Lovel, are desired to 
wait upon the Rev d . D r . Chauncey, and acquaint him, that it is the 
desire of the Town that he would praj* with them at the Adjourn- 
ment of this Meeting. 

The Committee appointed to Consider of the Petition of a num- 
ber of Inhabitants that the Watch may be replaced at or near the 
Fortification for Reasons expressed in the said Petition Re- 
ported That they had pursuant to their appointment considered 
the Petition relative to the Watch, and view'd the place where the 
new Southern Watch-house stands, and the Land at & adjoining to 
the Fortification on each side of the Street there ; & that they ai e 
fully of Opinion that a good strong Watch be placed and kept at 
or near the said Fortification as soon as may be but that the 
aforesaid Watch-house will for the present suffice as well or better 
than one built any where else within the Old Gate-way of the said 
Fortification and the Town will thereby save a considerable Ex- 
pence 

The above Report having been considered the Question was put 
Whether the same shall be accepted Passed in the Affer- 
mative 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesday the second of 
April 10. O'Clock A : M 

[299,] Tuesday the 2 d . Day of April 10. O'Clock Before Noon 
Met according to Adjourment 



52 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

A Venire for the choice of Six Persons to serve as Jury Men 
for April Court was read and the following Persons were 

drawn as Jurymen in Town Meeting Viz'. 

Mess". Ephraim Copeland 
Jacob Homer 
David Spear 
Edward Cowell 
Sutton Byles 
Timothy "White 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. 

Richard Dana Esq. 
The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 

Ebenezer Storer 

Samuel Adams 

Benjamin Church 

Samuel Pemberton Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to apply to a proper 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the 5 th . of March next to 
perpetuate the memory of the horred Massacre perpetrated on the 
Evening of the 5. of March 1770 by a party of Soldiers of the 
29. Regiment; and to impress upon our minds, the ruinous ten- 
dency of standing Armies being placed in free and populous 
Cities ; and the necessity of such noble Exertions in all future 
times as the Inhabitants of the Town then made, whereby the 
Conspirators against the Publick Liberty may be still frustrated 
The Hall not being capacious enough to receive the Inhabitants 
it was moved that the Meeting be Adjourned to the Old South 
Church; and [3OO.] the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned to 

said Church 

The Inhabitants being met agreable to Adjournment at the Old 
South Church The Rev d . D r . Chauncey in conformity to the Vote 
of the Town, made a Prayer very suitable to the occasion. 

An Oration to commemorate the horred Massacre of the 5 of 
March 1770 was delivered by M r . James Lovel to a crowed As- 
sembly ; agreable to a Vote of the Town 

Upon a Motion made it was Voted, unanimously that 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. Moderator 
The Hon b!e . John Hancock Esq. 
M r . Samuel Adams 

Samuel Pemberton Esq. 
D r . Benjamin Church 

Richard Dana Esq. 
M r . Henderson Inches 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to return the Thanks of 
this Town to M r . James Lovel for the Oration delivered by him at 
their request, in commemoration of the horred Massacre perpe- 
trated on the Evening of tho 5 th . of March 1770 by a Party of 
Soldiers of the 29 Regiment ; and to desire a Copy thereof for 

the Press 

Voted unanimously that all Matters & Things which remain un- 
finished at this Meeting be referred over to the General Town 



BOSTON TOWN RECOEDS, 1771. 53 

Meeting in May next to be then considered of and acted 

upon 

Voted, Unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and here- 
by are given to IIon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. Moderator of this 

Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 

[3O1.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabit- 
ants of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the seventh 

Day of May Anno Domini 1771 

Prayer was mnde by the Rev d . M r . Bowen 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Sundry Laws enjoin'd read at this Meeting were accordingly 

read 

Joseph Jackson E?q. one of the Selectmen proposed in their 
Name to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the choice of 
one or more Persons to Represent them in the Great and General 

Court or Assembly to be held at upon Wednesday the 29. 

Day of May currant and in order thereto to consider and ascer- 
tain the number of Gentlemen to be Elected. Accordingly it was 
Voted, to proceed to the choice of Four Representatives, and then 
it was declared by the Selectmen that no Vote will be received 
but such as are unfolded, and that they propose the Poll shall be 

closed at 12 O'Clock 

The Votes being brought in the Number of the Same were found 
to be Four hundred and ten, and upon sorting them it appeared 
that the Four following Gentlemen were chose Viz'. 

Votes. 

The Hon ble James Otis Esq 399 

The Hon ble Thomas Cushing Esq. - - - - 410 

The Hon ble John Hancock Esq. 410 

M r Samuel Adams --------- 403 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw, and bring 
[39/i.] In their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting in order 
that the Town may proceed in transacting the other Affairs men- 
tioned in the Warrant. Accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew, 
and brought in their Votes and upon sorting them it appeared that 
the Hon ble James Otis Esq. was chosen 



Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P : M : 

Three O'Clock P : M : Met According to adjournment. 

The Petition of M r . Jacob Eramons " that an adequate Allow- 
ance may be made him for the Lands taken from them by his Maj- 
estys Justices of the Peace and Selectmen of the Town of Boston, 
in order to make a new Street or widen the same leading from 
Ann Street to Middle Street, or that he ma}' be otherwise relieved 
by the Town, in such manner as to Justice & equity appertains : " 
was read and large debate had thereon then the Question 
was put Whether the Petition shall be sustained Passed in 
the Affermative 

Voted, that D r . Thomas Young 
M r . William Cooper 



54 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

M r . Ezekicl Price 
M r . Samuel Austin 
M r . William Mollineux 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Consider the Petition 
of M r . Jacob Emmons and Report at the Adjournment what they 

think proper to be done thereon 

That Article in the Warrant Viz*. " Whether the Town will give 
Instructions to the Gentlemen that may be chose to [3O3.] Rep- 
resent them in the next General Assembly" was read and Con- 
sidered ; and the Question then put Whether the Town will now 

Instruct their Representatives Passed in the Negative 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that the Grant of 
Moneys for the Relief of the Poor and defreying other necessary 

Charges, be referred over to the Adjournment also 

Voted, that the Consideration "of the Sums to be allowed the 

Schoolmasters &c be referred over to tha Adjournment 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Boston in Town 

Meeting Assembled May 7, 1771 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town at their Annual Meeting the 8 : 
Day of May last, desiring the Selectmen to visit the several pub- 
lick Schools in the Town, and to invite such Gentlemen to accom- 
pany them therein as they should think proper and to Report 

thereon 

We the Subscribers accordingly attended that service on Wednes- 
day the 4 : Day of July last accompanied by the following Gen- 
tlemen Viz'. 

His Honour the Lieuet 1 . Governor 

The Hon ble . John Erving Esq. 
James Bowdoin Esq. 
Thomas Hubbard Esq. 
Thomas Hubbard Esq. 
Harrison Gray Esq. 
Royal Tyler Esq. 
James Pitts Esq. 
John Temple Esq. 
Thomas Gushing Esq. 
Andrew Oliver Esq. 

[3O4.] The Representatives of the Town 
The Overseers of the Poor 
The Rev d . Charles Chauucy - D : D : 
Mather Byles - - - D : D : 
Andrew Eliot - - - D : D : 
Ebenezer Pemberton - D : D : 
Samuel Cooper - - - D : D : 
Samuel Mather 
Peneuil Bowen 
Simeon Howard 
John Morehead 
Andrew Croswell 
Samuel Stillman 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
M r . Edward Payne 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1771. 55 

John Scollay Esq. 

M r . Rufus Green 

Cap'. John Bradford 

M r . Timothy Fitch 

Onesiphorus Tileston Esq. 

Cap'. Benjamin Eustis 

Nathaniel IJaleston Esq. 

M r Thomas Greenough 

M r . Joshua Blanchard 

Benjamin Austin Esq. 

Cap'. John Phillips 

Isaac Smith Esq. 

Thomas Gray Esq. 

John Howe Esq. 

M r . Henry Liddle 

And found the South Grammar School had 137 Scholars; the 
North Grammar School 56 Scholars, the South Writing School 231 
Scholars the North Writing School 250 Scholars ; the Writing 
School in [3O5.] Queen Street 268 Scholars ; all in very good 
order - 

Voted that the above Report be accepted, and that the Gentle- 
men the Selectmen be desired to Visit the publick Schools the Year 
ensuing, and invite such Gentlemen to accompany them as they 
may think proper - 

The Committee appointed to take into Consideration that Arti- 
cle in the Warrant of the 11. of March relating to the sweeping of 
Chimnies, have attended that Service and Report as follows 



Supposing that there is 1800 Dwelling Houses, and that 3 Fun- 
nels be estimated to an House the number of Funnels would then 
be 5400 and if necessary to be swept four times p Year would 
be equal to 21 GOO Funnels, which at the present price would 
amount to more than 1200 and it is supposed, that it costs 
many who are careful to have their Chimnies swept 15/ or 16/ p 
Year ; notwithstanding which by their Neighbors neglecting to 
sweep their Chimnies their Houses are constantly in more clanger 
from such then from their own. And as many Plans have been 
proposed for I he Consideration of the Town, and the mischieves 
complain'd of have not been prevented, which must appear noto- 
rious to the Inhabitants ; Your Committee are of Opinion that if 
some such Plan as the following be come into, it would be found 
very beneficial to the Community, that the Expence arising by the 
sweeping of the Chimnies be paid by a Tax as the other charges of 
the Town that there be a Master and six Sweepers, said Mas- 
ter to be a Man of a fair Character, and that will carefully attend 
the Business ; and he to be allowed 100 and for each of the 
Six Sweepers 50 lawful Money p Year to be paid Quarterly 
which Sums make 400 by which a saving will be made (sup- 
posing all the above Chimnies were swept as they ought to be) of 
800 p Annum at least. The said Master to be [3O6.] Appointed 
by and under the direction of the Selectmen ; and shall keep a 
Book of all the Dwelling Houses, the number of Funnels made use 



56 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

of in each House and Ward, and that he begin with one Ward, 
sweep through, and so on minuting the time of sweeping in order 
to exhibit the same to the Selectmen ; who shall draw upon the 
Treasurer once a quarter for the Sum of One hundred Pounds 
upon his rendring to them an Account to their satisfaction, that 
the Funnels have been swept in each Ward ; and that if any 
Chimnies catch on fire by his neglecting to sweep the same, or by 
the carelessness of the Servants in sweeping that he be subject to 
a fine of And that said Master provide the Books, suitable 
clothing and Implements for the sweepers, and all other Charges 
attending the same. Upon the above Plan it will turn out 12 
Funnels p Day for each Sweeper, allowing him 300 working 
Days which will compleat the above 21.600 Funnels. After 
tryal being made should it appear that there are more Houses & 
Funnels then in the above Estimate, in that case the Gentlemen 
the Selectman may make such an allowance to the Master as will 

be in proportion to the above Plan 

THOMAS DA\VS 
JONATHAN Yv i LLI AMS 
SAMUEL AUSTIN 

The above Report having been read, it was motioned and car- 
ried that tlie same la} r till the Adjournment of this Meeting ; then 
to be considered of by the Town 

Voted, that the Gen'.lemen the Selectmen be and they hereby 
are appointed a Committee to act upon the List of Jurors. 

Upon a motion made Voted, that the Town Clerk be directed to 
insert in the News Papers the Adjournment of this Meeting and 
that the consideration of Salarys and Grants as also of the [397.] 
Sum necessary to be raised for Relief of the Poor and defraying 
other necessary Charges within the Town the Year ensuing, will 
then come on 

Vote I, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday the 27. of 
May Instant 3. O'Clock P f M : 

Tuesday the 27. of May 3. O'Clock P:M: Met according to 
Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to examine the Accorapts of M r . 
David Jeffries Town Treasurer have attended that service & find 
the same right cast and well vouched in which he charges himself 
with sundry Fines, Rents and other Incomes of the Town, as also 
with the Tax of 4000 ,, ,, all which amount to the Sum of 
10599 ,, 5 ,, 3 . including the balance of old Accompt 

And the said Treasurer discharges himself by sundry Abate- 
ments made the Collectors amounting to 967.7.3. by Drafts 
made by the Selectmen amounting to 3024 ,, 18 ,, of of which he 
has paid 2910 ,, 10 ,, 10. and by Drafts made by the Overseers of 
the Poor which contain the Charges of the Almshouse amounting 
to 2856 ,, 17 ,, 1. of which he has paid 2177 ,, ,, also by 
sundry Sums paid for Interest amounting to 486 ,, 1 ,, 6 the 
whole amounting to 7525 ,, 2 ,, 44;. 

The said Committee have inspected said Drafts in a very partic- 



BOSTOX TOWN RECORDS, 1771. 57 

ular manner and have examined the Vouchers produced by the 
Overseers of the Poor for the amount of their Drafts and every 
other branch of pnblick Charge amounting in all as above to 
7525 ,, 2 ,, 4 as by Accompt of Town Treasury in the Town 
Treasurers Books balance whereof being 3074 ,, 2 ,, 10^ is car 
tied to Credit of New Account 

Which Report and Accompt being read, Voted, that the same 
be and hereby is accepted 

[308. ] The Committee appointed to Consider the Petition of 
M r . Jacob Emmons " that a Grant of Moneys ma3* be made him 
to satisfy for the great loss he has sustained by having his Lands 
taken from him in order to enlarge a Street laid out through Paddys 
Alley, and to Report what they may think proper to be done 
thereon having attended that Service would now Report 

That it appears to your Committee that the Petitioner has no< 
as yet pursued the steps of the Law in order to obtain a recom 
pence for the loss of his Land & c . which they apprehend ought to 
be done so that those who are benifitted by his Lands may be 
legally assessed for the value thereof, But if alter such Assess- 
ment the Petitioner should apprehend he has sustained some ex 
traordinary damage which the Jury could not find for him a Peti- 
tion for such damage might then with more propriety come before 
the Town 

The above Report having been read and Considered the 
Question was put Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affermativc 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred and twenty Pounds be 
allowed and paid unto M r . John Lovcl for his Salary as Master of 
the South Grammar School for the ensuing Year, the same to be 
paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One Hundred and twenty pounds be 
allowed and paid unto M r . Samuel Hunt for his Salary as Master 
of the North Grammar School, for the ensuing Year, the same to 
be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence 
at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be [3O9.] Allowed 
and paid unto M r . John Proctor for his Salary as Master of the 
Writing School in Queen Street, for the ensuing Year, the same to 
be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due and to commence at 
the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
pay'd unto M r . Samuel Holbroke for his Salary as Master of the 
Writing School in the Common for the ensuing Year, the same to 
be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due and to commence at 
the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allow'd and paid 
unto M r . John Tilesion for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School at the North End for the ensuing Year, the same to be 
paid him quarterly as it shall become due and to commence at the 
expiration of the lat Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allow'd and paid unto 



58 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

M r . James Lovel for his Salary as Usher of the South Grammar 
School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him quaiterly as 
it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the last 
Quarter 

Voted, that a further Sum of Forty Pounds be allow'd and paid 
unto M r . James Lovel as an encouragement for him to remain and 
exert himself in the service of the Town the ensuing Year, the 
same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become clue, and to com- 
mence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed & paid unto 
M r . James Carter for his Salary as Usher of the Writing School in 
Queen Street the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him quarterly 
as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the 
last Quarter 

[31O.] Voted, that a further Sum of Twenty five Pounds be 
allowed and paid unto M r . James Carter as an encouragement for 
him to exert himself in the service of the Town the ensuing Year, 
the same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to 
commence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed and paid to 
such Person as the Selectmen shall appoint an Assistant for the 
Master of the Writing School in the Common the ensuing Year 
the same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become clue, and to 
commence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Thirty four Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . John Tileston Master of the Writing School at the 
North End for providing an Assistant for the ensuing Year, the 
same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due & to com- 
mence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid out of the Town Treasury unto M r . David Jeffries for his 
Services as Treasurer of the Town the Year past, and for all his 
Expences in that Office 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is directed 
and im powered to allow the several Schoolmasters Interest on the 
Sums due to them from the Date of their Warrants to the Time of 
payment 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that 
M r . William Whitwell 
Thomas Daws Esq. 

[311.] Meletiah Bourn Esq. 

M r . Alexander Hill 

M r . Ezekiel Price 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to examine the Town 
Treasurers Accompts now before the Town, and to m:\ke a full 
enquiry into the state of the Town Treasury and the Debts & 
Credits of the Town, as also to Report the same at the Adjourn- 
ment together with what Sum or Sums may be necessary to be 
raised the ensuing Year as a Town Tax 

Voted that M r . William Whitwell 
Thomas Daws Esq. 
Melitiah Bourn Esq. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1771. 59 

M r . Alexander Hill 

M r . Ezekiel Price 

be a standing Committee to inspect the State of the Town Treas- 
ury and from time to time to Report upon that and other Money 
matter ; and if they see fit to apply to the Seclectmen for a Town 

Meeting to be called upon the same 

Voted that M r . William Whitwell 

Thomas Daws Esq. 

Meletiah Bourn Esq. 

M r . Alexander Hill 

M r . Ezekiel Price 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to call upon the late 
Manufactory Company for the Mone^vs due from them to the Town, 
and if they do not pay the same, that they then apply to the Town 

Treasurer to bring an Action against them for the same 

The Committee appointed to Consider of the Petition of M r . 
Jonathan Payson late one of the Collectors of Taxes in this Town 

referred to them the 11. of March last, now Report [312.] 

That the}- have several times met the Petitioner, and patiently heard 
him relative to the subject matter of his Petition and the prayer 
thereof, they have also considered of his List of Outstanding 
Taxes, and several times met the Gentlemen the Assessors and 
heard them, and upon examining said List exhibited by tho Peti- 
tioner find that the Sum of 10 ,, 15 ,, 1. contained in said List 
as Outstanding Debts was abated him by the Assessors a consid- 
erable time since, and as to many of the other Taxes in said List, 
if M r . Payson never received them, the Committee apprehend it 
must be principally owing to his own negligence several of the Per- 
sons taxed were to the personal knowledge of the Committee then 
in good circumstances, and well able to pay, and as to some others 
in .said List the Committee cannot but think the taxes might have 
been collected, otherwise the Assessors would not have continued 
taxing the same Persons year after year for three and four years 
successively when at the same time they were wholly unable to pay 
the Tax of the first year, for the Assessors have declared to the 
Committee that by the great importunity of M r . Paysou they have 
abated him equal if not more than they ever did to any other Col- 
lector, beside the Committee find that the Assessors on the 3 d . of 
March 1766. made a general & full Settlement with M r . Payson on 
Account of Abatements for all taxes committed to him to Collect 
proceeding the Year 1764 which Settlement the Assessors then 
entred in their Books, and in the words following viz 1 . Mem- 
" orandum the above Abatements were allowed to M r . Payson in 
" consideration of Taxes abated him and no further to be allowed 
" and is in full to December 31. 1764 exclusive the Tax for 
" 1764 " This the Committee look upon to be a final Settlement, 
and that M r . Payson can have no pretence to apply to the Town 
for any abatement of Taxes that preceeded that Year 1764. and 
most of the Taxes in his List for the following Years, its probable 
might have been collected, otherways the Assessors would [313.] 
Have abated them Upon the whole the Committee are of Opin- 
ion that as M r . Payson during the time he was Collector received 
of the Town 15000 old Tenor or upwards for his Premiums 



60 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

(in which is included his Premium for those very Sums that he 
Petitions may be abated him) if he has met with any loss it must 
be but small in proportion to the great benefit it has been to him, 
and the Committee apprehend that the sustaining Petitions of this 
kind will be opening such a Door, as will involve the Town in great 
difficulties hereafter The Committee would therefore recommend 
it to the Town that said Petition be dismissed 

Which Report being read It was motioned, that the further 
Consideration of said Report be referred to the Adjourment and 
the Question being accordingly put Passed in the Affermative 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to the last Monday in 
June next 10 O'Clock A : M : 

Town met according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed " to examine the Town Treasurers 
Accompts ; to enquire into the state of the Treasury, the Debts & 
Credits of the Town, and to consider what sum or sums may be 
necessary to be raised the ensuing Year as a Town Tax " beg 
leave to Report 

That they have been and now are attending that service ; and 
are not able as yet to exhibit to the Town such a state of their 
Affairs as is neccessary but hope soon to do it. That from the 
present view of their Affairs, it seems necessary that the Sum of 

Eight Thousand Pounds be raised for the present Year 

WILLIAM WHITWELL "1 j> 
THOMAS DAWS 
ALEXANDER HILL 
EZEKIEL PRICE J 5 

[314.] The above Report having been read and considered by 
the Town, it was Voted, that the same be accepted And that the 
Sum of Eight thousand Pounds be raised by a Tax upon Polls & 
Estates within the Town for Relief of the Poor, and defreying 
other necessary Charges arising within the Town the ensuing 
Year also 

Voted that said Committee be desidered to set again and Report 
further 

The Committee appointed to apply to the Managers of the late 
Manufactory for the Moneys due from them to the Town &c. 
Reported that they had waited on said Gentlemen, and made de- 
mand of the payment of said Moneys, but they were acquainted by 
them, that they had not yet been able to look so into the Affairs 
of the Company as to give them a present answer which Report 
was accepted, and the Committee desired to Report their future 
doings to the Town 

The Report of the Committee appointed to consider the Petition 
of Jonathan Payson Esq. a late Collector of Taxes, the consider- 
ation of which Report having been referred to this Meeting was 
again read, and after large debate had thereon, the Question was 
put Whether said Report shall be accepted Passed in the 
Affermative 

On a Motion made Voted, that all Matters & Things which 
remain unfinished at this Meeting be referred over to the next 
Meeting 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1771. 61 

Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town he and hereby 
are given to the Hon b!e . James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this 
Meeting for dispatching the business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



[315.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in publiclc 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall June 24. 1771. 4 
O'Clock P : M : 

Warrant for calling the Meeting ----- read 

Coll . Joseph Jackoon was chosen Moderator of this Meeting, 
and took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving Bills of 
Credit of the Governments of Connecticut New Hampshire and 
Rhode Island, as required by an Act of this Province 

The Town brought in their Votes for one Oxerseer of the Poor 
in the room of the late Honourable Royal Tyler Esq. deceased, 

and upon sorting them it appeared that 

William Phillips Esq. 

was unanimously chosen an Overseer of the Poor for the Year 
ensuing 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for a Collector of Taxes 
in the room of M r . Sampson Salter, who declined serving and 
upon sorting them it appeared that 



M r . Benjamin Gray 



was chosen a Collector of Taxes for the Year ensuing 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz'.) "To know Ihe mind of 
the Inhabitants respecting the raising and paving that part of 
Milk Street which leads from the Corner of Atkinson Street to the 
Waterside" was read and considered, and the Question being 
put Whether the Town will now act upon it Passed in the 

Negative 

M r . Jacob Emmons a late Petitioner informed the Town that 
having apply'd to several of his Majestys Justices of the Quorum, 
[316.] Praying that they would take the proper steps in order to 
obtain for him a recompence for the damage done him by the 
taking away his Lands and pulling down his Chimnies in Paddys 
Alley ; and they having declined acting thereon ; he had in conse- 
quence thereof commenced several Actions in the Law, against 
some of the Persons concerned in the Trespass of pulling the said 
Chimnies &c. And that he gave the Town this information that 
they might tnke such measures relative thereto as the Town in 
their wisdom shall Judge proper After considerable debate the 
Question was put agreable to a Motion made Whether it be the 
mind of the Town that this matter does now come properly before 

them tvt this Meeting Passed in the Negative 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
Coll . Joseph Jackson Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for 
dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting: was dissolved 



62 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

[317.] At a meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitant8 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in pub- 
lick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 
5 th . Day of March Anno Domini 1772 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - - read 

Richard Dana Esq. was chosen Moderator of this Meeting, and 
took the Oath respecting his paying and receiving Bills of Credit 
of the Governments of Connecticut New Hampshire and Rhode 
Island as required by an Act of this Province 

The Committee appointed by the Town the 2 d . of April last to 
apply to a proper Gentleman to deliver an Oration the 5 th . of 
March Instant to perpetuate the Memory of the horred Massacre 
perpetrated on the Evening of the 5. of March 1770. by a Party 
of Soldiers under the Order and Eye of Cap 1 . Preston of the 29 th . 
Regiment - - - Reported 

That they had met together several times for the purposes men- 
tioned in the Town Vote ; and that they had unanimously made 
choice of D r . Joseph Warren, to deliver an Oration for the pur- 
poses mentioned in said Vote, who had accordingly accepted of 
trust 

The above Report having been read the Question was put 
Whether the same shall be accepted, - - - - Passed in the 
Affermative unanimously 

Upon a Motion made the Town took into Consideration the 
Time when, and the Place where, it would be most convenient and 
suitable to have the Oration pronounced whereupon 

[318.] Voted, that the Oration be delivered at half an Hour 
past 10. O'Clock, at the Old South Meeting House the Hall not 
being thought capacious enough for the Inhabitants that would 
attend, provided the Committee of that Society, should have no 
objection to the House being made use of for this occasion 

It was moved and carried that the aforegoing Vote so far as it 
respects the time, set for pronouncing the Oration be Reconsid- 
ered ; and that the Oration be delivered at D r . Sewalls Meeting 
House at half an Hour past 12. O'Clock : A : M : 

Voted, that the Hon bl: . John Hancock Esq. 
M r . Samuel Adams 
Jonathan Williams Esq. 

be a Committee to wait upon Joseph Warren Esq. and inform him 
that it is the desire of the Town that the Oration may be delivered 
by him at the Old South Meeting House at half past 12. O'Clock, 
this Forenoon 

Upon a Motion made. Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 
the Old South Meeting House there to meet at Half past 12. 
O'Clock 

Town met according to Adjournment, at the Old South Meeting 
House at half past 12. O'Clock 

The Committee appointed to wait upon D r . Warren to acquaint 
him with the Vote of the Town respecting time and place as to the 
Delivery of An Oration ; Reported that the D r . was ready to 
comply with the Orders of the Town 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1772. 63 

[319.] An Oration to commemorate the hornd Massacre of 
the 5. of March 1770. by a Party of Soldiers under the Eye and 
Orders of Cap'. Preston of the 29. Regiment, and to impress 
upon the Minds of the Citizens, the Ruinous tendency of standing 
Annies being placed in Free and Populous Cities &c. was D.-livercd 
by Joseph Warren Esq. to a crowded Assembly ; agreable to the 

Vote of the Town 

Upon a Motion made it was Voted, unanimously that - - - 

Richard Dana Esq. Moderator 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

Coll . Joseph Jackson Esq. 

M r . Henderson Inches 

M r . David Jeffries 

M r . William Mollineux 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to return the Thanks of 
the Town to Joseph Warren Esq. for the Oration delivered by 
him at their request, in commemoration of the horred Massacre 
perpetrated on the Evening of the 5. of March 1770. by a Party of 
Soldiers of the 29. Regiment, and to desire a Copy thereof for the 

Press 

Upon a Motion made Voted, that 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. 

Richard Dana Esq. 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 

M r . Ebenezer Storer 

M r . Samuel Adams 

D r . Benjamin Church 

Samuel Pemberton Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to apply to a proper 
Gentleman, to deliver an Oration on the 5 th . of March next to 
[32O.] Perpetuate the memory of the horred Massacre perpet- 
uated on the Evening of the 5. of March 1770 by a Party of Sol- 
diers of the 29. Regiment; and to impress upon our minds the 
ruinous tendency of Standing Armies being placed in Free & 
Populous Cities ; and the necessity of such noble Exertions in all 
future Times as the Inhabitants of the Town then made, whereby 
the Designs of the Conspirators against the publick Liberty may 

be still frustrated 

Upon a Motion made and seconded the Question was put 
Whether it be not the sense of the Town, that the Selectmen 
should issue Warrants for our Annual March Meetings on the 5. 

of March Passed in the Affermative 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to Richard Dana Esq. Moderator of this Meeting, for 
his good Services 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



64 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 9 th . Day of 
March Anno Domini. 1772 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Hunt 



Warrant for calling the Meeting - ... read 



[321.] Sundry Laws enjoin'd to be read at this Meeting were 

accordingly read 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his paying & receiving 
Bills of Credit of the Governments of Connecticut, New Hampshire 

and Rhode Island as required by an Act of this Province 

M r . William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensu- 
ing, and having taken the Oath respecting his paying and receiv- 
ing Bills of Credit of the Governments of Connecticut, New 
Hampshire and Rhode Island ; took the Oath of Office for the 
faithful discharge of his Duty ; which Oaths were Administred to 

him by M r . Justice Noyes 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted it appeared that 

Coll . Joseph Jackson ----- (excused) 

Maj r . John Ruddock 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 

Samuel Pembertou Ksq- - - - . - - d. 

M r . Ebenezer Storer. ------ d. 

M. r . Samuel Austin 

Coll . Thomas Marshall 

were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing 

see Page 

The Town, brought in their Votes for twelve Overseers of the 
Poor, and upon sorting them it appeared, that 

John Barret Esq. 

William Phillips Esq. 
[322.] M r . Benjamin Dolbear 

M r . William Greanleaff 

William White Esq. 

John Leveret Esq. 

John Gore Esq. 

Cap*. Samuel Partridge 

M r . Samuel Whitwell 

M r . Samuel Abbot 

M r . Daniel Waldo 

were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Wardens, and upon 
sorting them it appeared that 

Cap'. John Bradford 

M r . John Cobourn 

M r . Samuel Barret Merch e . 

Deacon William Boardman 

Major Adino Paddock 

M r . Thomas Bayley 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1772. 65 

M r . John Preston 
Nathaniel Wales Esq. 
M r . Nathan Frazier 

were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing 

see Page 

Upon a Motion made Voted, that the choice of a County Treas- 
urer be referred to 4 O'Clock P : M : 

The Town brought in their Votes for Sixteen Fire-Wards, and 
upon sorting them it appeared tliat 

John Scollay Esq. 
[323. ] Newman Grenough Esq. 

M r . William Cooper 

M r . John Mico Wendell 

Coll . Thomas Marshall 

M r . Joseph Tyler 

Maj r . Adino Paddock 

M r . James Richardson 

Cap*. Benjamin Waldo 

The Hon ble . John Hancock 

M r . Samuel Adams 

Cap'. Marl in Gay 

Francis Shaw Esq. 

Maj r . Thomas Daws 

M r . Alexander Hill 

Cap'. Job Prince 

were chose Fire-Wards for the .Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Town Treasurer, and 
upon sorting them it appeared that M r . David Jeffries was chosen, 
and having taken the Oath respecting his paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the other Governments, took the Oath of Office 
for the faithful discharge of his duty, which were administred to 
him by M r . Justice 

Upon a Motion made Voted, that the thanks of the Town be 
and hereby are given to John Uowe Esq. for his faithful discharge 
of the Duty of a Fire-Ward a number of Years past 

Mess". John Atkinson ------- (excused) 

Thomas Parker 

William Gale 

John Langdon 

Henry Knox 
[324.] Samuel Breck 

Richard Gary 

Lewis Gray -------- (excused) 

Samuel Eliot Jun r . 

Peter Hughes 

were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing 

see Page 

Upon a Motion made and seconded the Question was put, 
" Whether Constables and Collectors of Taxes shall be chose 
separate Passed in the Affermative 

Voted, that the Sum of Five Pounds, be remitted out of the 



(16 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Ten Pounds Fine to such Persons as shall be chose into the Office 

of Constable for the Year ensuing, and shall decline serving 

Voted, that the Sum of Twelve Pence on the Pound be and 
hereby is allowed to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of 
Taxes for the Year ensuing, for all such Sums as they shall Col- 
lect ; provided they pay into the several Treasuries the whole Sum 
committed to them to Collect on or before the tenth Day of Au- 
gust. 1773. Eight Pence on the Pound on all such other Sums as 
they shall have so paid into the Treasuries on or before the 20 th . 
Day of December 1773. and four Pence on the Pound upon the 
remainder of the Sums they shall be obliged to Collect, provided 
such remainder shall be fully paid in on or before the second Mon- 
day on March 1774 The Premium as above expressed appears to 
be Just and equitable, and an ample allowance to the Collectors to 
encourage them to discharge their Duty with diligence and fidelity ; 
provided also that each of said Collectors give Bond with [325.] 
Sufficient Sureties to the satisfaction of the Selectmen for the 
faithful discharge of their duty in said office ; and complying with 

this Vote. 

Mess. William Nichols 

Andrew Symrns 

Clement Collins 

Henry Allen 

Isaac Vergoose 

John Grenough 

Jacob Thayer 

Joseph Edmunds 

Richard Walker 

John Champney 

John Bulfinch 

Abraham Howard 

Joseph Butler 

Joseph Eyres 

Thomas Bay ley 

Andrew Townsend 

Joseph Ballard 

John Holland 

John Rogers 

Edmund Ranger 

Thomas Uran 

Elisha Holmes 

Obediah Dow 

Benjamin Page 

Clement Collins Jun r . 
were chose Surveyors of Boards ior the ensuing Year 

see Page 

Mess. John Joy 
[336.] Obediah Low 

Samuel Dyer 

John Dyer 

William Crafts 
were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1772. 67 

Mess. Samuel Bangs 

Joseph Clark 

Daniel Parks 

Benjamin Buss 

Thomas Noland 
were chose Sealers of Leather for the ensuing Year 

Mess". William Dows Jun r . 

Thomas Edes 

were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing 
Mess". Peter Cotta 

Manesseh Masters 

Joseph Dyer 

John Harskins 

David Spear 

Jonathan Jenkins 

Job Wheelwright 

Joshua Pico 

Benjamin Salt 

Paul Baxter 

John Owen 

Thomas Knox 

Samuel White 

Edward Cowell 

Edward Potter 

Peter Ellis 
[327.] Timothy Pease 

Nathaniel Waterman 

Jacob Williams 

Samuel Bernard 

John Nowell 

Joseph Phillips 

Henry Lucas 

Caleb Hayden 

James Bernard 

were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing 

Mess. David Simins 

Thomas Curtis 

were chose Hogreeves for the ensuing Year 

M r . Thomas Curtis 
was chosen Hayward for the ensuing Year 

M r . John Gray 
was chosen Surveyer of Hemp for the ensuing Year 

Upon a Motion made and seconded it was Voted, that the Scav- 
ingers be chosen out of their respective Wards 

Ward. 

Mess. John R. Sigournoy ------- N.l 

After Stoddard 2 

Edward Foster --------- 3 

Freeman Pulcifer -------- 4 

John Men-it ---------- 5 

James Bay ley --------- 6 

Joseph Ridgeway -------- 7 



68 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

William Perkins -------- 8 

[328.] Robert Williams 9 

Charles Debany -------- 10 

John Martin --------- H 

Benjamin Wheeler ------- 12 

were chose Scavingers for the ensuing Year 

John Tuder Esq. 

M r . John Lucas 
were chose Surveyors of Wheat for the ensuing Year 

Cap*. Martin Gay 

M r . John Skinner 
were chose Assa^y Masters for the ensuing Year 

Upon a Motion made Voted, that John Ruddock Esq. Chah'- 
man of a Committee to examine into the Titles of the Town Dock, 
be called upon for the Papers, which lie has in his hands relative 
thereto, and for the Report of the Committee, and that M r . Nathan- 
iel Homes be appointed for this service 

Coll . Joseph Jackson 

Coll . John Leveret 

M r . John Sweet ser 

were chose Purchasers of Grain foi 1 the ensuing Year, & they are 
desired and impovrered to give all needful directions to the Keeper 
of the Granary respecting the quantity of Grain to be sold & affix- 
ing the price thereof from time to time as occasion shall require ; 
and the said Committee are desired and directed to cause all the 
Grain belonging to the Town to be ground at the new Mills near 

the Mill bridge, now occupied [329.] By M r . George Leonard 

Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P : M : 

3. O'Clock P : M : Town met according to Adjournment 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Constables, the 

Persons chose into that Office and sworn are 

Mess. Augustus Hail 
Elias Dupee 
John Coverley 
John Wells 
John Salmon 
Hezekiah Usher 
Joseph Foye 
Stephen Symms 
George Thomas 
John Ben net 
Samuel Greanleaff 

John Hammett 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Four Collectors of 

Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeared that 

Mess rs . Edward Hollyday 
Abraham Savage 
Benjamin Henderson 
Benjamin Gray 

were chose Collectors of Taxes for the ensuing Year 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for [33O.] Seven Asess- 
ors, and upon sorting them it appeared that 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1772. 69 

M r . John Kneeland 
M r . Benjamin Church 
Belcher Noyes Esq. 
M r . Daniel Pecker 
M r . Jonathan Brown 
Gyles Harris Esq. 
Cap 1 . Samuel Downe 
were chose Assessors for the ensuing Year 

Votes for a County Treasurer brought in and sealed up by M r . 
Constable to be returned to the Court of Sessions, to 

whose care they are delivered. 

The Committee appointed to inspect the state of the Town 
Treasury and to Report upon that and other Money matters beg 
leave to Report 

That they have inspected into the state of the Town Treasury, 
and find that there is due, from Edward Hollyday for 1770 the 
sum of 148 ,, 1,, 7J. Out of which Sum is to be deducted his 
Premium lor 1770 

Abraham Savage for 1770, the Sum of - - 432 ,, 18| 

Out of which Sum is to be deducted his Premium for 1770 

We also find that all the Collectors of Taxes for the Year 1770 
have settled and paid the Province Treasurer & County Treasurer 
the several Sums by them to be Collected & paid into the Province 
Treasury for the Year 1770 the Sura of 387 ,, 10 2. We also 
find that there still remains to be paid into the Province Treasury 
on Account of M r . Samuel Adams the Sum of Fifty Pounds and 
from the Information given us by M r . Robert Peirpoint it appears 
that there is no probability of any part of the Sum of 1149 ,, 19 ,, 
0| remaining unpaid [331.] of M r . Adams Debt to the Town, 
will ever be received and paid into the Treasury 

We also Report that we have examined into the state of the sev- 
eral Lotteries, and find that there appears to be due from 

Thomas Gushing Esq. the Sum of ... 155 ,, 12 ,, 9J 

John Ruddock Esq. 82 12 11 

And it appears that the Lottery next proposed to be drawn will 
amount to the Sum allowed to be raised by Lotteries, in pursuance 

of the Act of the General Court 

All which is Submitted in the Name of the Comm ee 

WILLIAM WHITWELL 

The above Report having been read and Considered the 
Question was put, Whether the same shall be accepted Passed 
in the Affermative 

Voted, that the Consideration of the School masters Salaries, 
and all other Salaries and Grants be referred over to next May 
Meeting 

Upon a Motion Made and seconded Voted, that the Town Treas- 
urer be and he hereby is empowered & directed to borrow on 
Interest a Sum not exceeding Four Hundred Pounds Lawful Mon- 
ey, for the use of the Overseers of the Poor, to purchase Grain &c. 
for the Almshouse 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that the Town Treas- 
surer be and he hereby is directed and empowered to give his Ne- 



70 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

gotiable Notes upon Interest to such of the Overseers of the Poor 
as are in advance for the relief of the Town, for such Sums as ap- 
pear to be due to them respectively upon the Auditing of their Ac- 
counts to the present Month 

Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be and they [332.] 
hereby are appointed to Act upon the List of Jurors 

Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be desired to visit the 
publick Schools, the ensuing Year, and Invite such Gentlemen to 
accompany them, as they may think proper 

Upon a Motion Voted, that the choice of a Committee to Audit 
the Town Treasurer Accompts to be referred over to May Meet- 
ing 

The Selectmen Reported on the Account of M r . Benjamin Fenmo 
Keeper of the Granary for the Year past, whicn Account as 
entred in his Books (and on file in the Town Clerks Office) was 
read whereupon it was Voted, that the same be accepted, and 
that M r . Fenno be accountable to the Town for Twenty bushels 
of Indian, and twenty one bushels of Rye amounting to 8 ,, 4 ,, 
8 and also for the Sum of 192 ,, 12 ,, 1 Cash now in his hands, 
exclusive of the Sum of 32 ,,13 ,, 4 for his Salary and 
attendance as charged in his Accompt which is hereby allowed 
him . 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are impowered & di- 
rected to set for Abatement of such Taxes as they shall Judge rea- 
sonable on every Wednesday in April inclusive, & no longer sav- 
ing that they be allowed to set the two last Weeks in November 
for the Abatement of the Taxes of such Persons as had not an op- 
portunity of applying iu the above limitted time, by reason of their 
being out of the Province ; at which time they are also allowed 
and impowered to abate the Taxes of such Persons as may have 
died Insolvent between the said last Wednesday in April, and the 
last Day of November 

The Petition of the Hon ble . Andrew Oliver and Thomas Hubbard 
Esq. and Sylvester Gardiner Esq. Surviving Members [333.] 
of the late Linnen Manufactory Company, praying that an Obli- 
gation given to the Town Treasurer for Moneys lent the said 
Compan}*, may be cancelled and discharged was read and after 
debate had thereon, it was motioned and the Questiou accordingly 
put " Whether said Petition shall bo referred to a Committee ; 
which passed in the Negative It was then moved that said Peti- 
tion be dismissed, and the Petition was accordingly dismissed 

The Petition of Jonathan Pay^on Esq. a late Collector of Taxes, 
that the Sum of One hundred and nine pounds, may be remitted 
him the same having been lost in the course of sixteen Years, by 
means of the Persons taxed going beyond Sea or into other Towns 
& Provinces, becoming Bankrupts or dying Insolvent, as by a 
List given in to the Town will appear." was read ; and after con- 
siderable debate had thereon ; a Motion was made that said Peti- 
tion be dismissed ; and the Question being accordingly put 
Passed in the Affermative 

The Request of M r . William Mollineux " that the Town would 
receive and examine an Account presented by him of the large 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1772. 71 

Sums he has advanced, and the Expence & trouble he has been at 
in employing the Poor of the Town in spinning Wool & c . in con- 
sequence of a Vote passed by the Town in March 1769. whereby 
a considerable saving has been made ; and that such further allow- 
ance may be made him, as the Town in their wisdom shall Judge 
reasonable and Just." was read and after debate had thereon, it 
was motioned, and the Question put, Whether said Accompt shall 
be now read ; which passed in the Affermative 

The Act'ompt was then read & after some debate it was moved 
that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesday next 9. O'Clock A : 
M : and 1 1 O'Clock Assigned for the further Consideration of said 
Account And that the Gentlemen of the Law be desired to attend 
the Meeting [334.] The Question being accordingly put 
Passed in the Affermative 

M r . Ebeiiezer Storer having desired to be excused from serving 
as a Selectman into which Office he had been re-chosen he was ac- 
cordingly excused, and received the Thanks of the Town for his 
faithful Services 

Adjourned to Tuesday Morning 9. O'Clock A : M : 

Tuesday Morning 9. O'Clock. Town met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

The Petition of M r . Gowen Brown praying, " that an Allow- 
ance may be made him for the Clock lately fixed upon the Old 
South Meeting House for Reasons set forth in his Petition " was 
read, and upon a Motion made Voted, that the Gentlemen the Se- 
lectmen be and hereby are appointed ft Committee to consider said 
Petition, and Report thereon at the Adjournment 

It was moved and carried that 4. O'Clock P : M : be assigned 
for taking into consideraiion the Article in the Warrant relative to 

filling up the Dock 

The Petition of M r . Robert Hews, " That a peice of the Towns 
Land may be leased to him for the purpose of Erecting a Slaugh- 
ter House, for Reasons mentioned in his Petition " was read, and 
after debate had thereon, Voted, that the same be referred to the 
Gentlemen Selectmen, who are appointed a Committee to Consider 

the same and Report their Opinion thereon as soon as may be 

[335 .] The Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To know whether 
the Town will take any method for removing the Nusance in the 
Common, by the over flowing of the Alms house and Work-house 
Vaults." was read whereupon Voted, that 

M r . Henderson Inches 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. Moderator 

Thomas Daws Esq. 

Adino Paddock Esq. 

M r . Jonathan Mason 

be and hereby are appointed to take this matter into Consideration, 
& Report as soon as may be what they shall Judge to be the best 
and most effectual method for removing the Nusance complained 
of 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. "Whether the Town are 
inclined to make sale of the Street Dirt so called within the Bounds 



72 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

of Boston to any suitable Persons who shall incline to contract for 

the same" was read and debated, whereupon Voted, that 

Coll . John Hill 
Maj r . Adino Paddock 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
M r . William Whitwell 
M r .Nathaniel Balch 
be a Committee to consider this matter and Report as soon as may 

be their Opinion 

That Article in the Wai-rant (Viz'.) " To consider of the expe- 
diency of fixing Lamps in proper parts of the Town for the better 
accommodation of the Inhabitants " was read whereupon Voted, 

that 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
M r . Ebenezer Storer 
M r . Henderson Inches 
[336.] William Phillips Esq. 

M r . Benjamin Austin 
M r . Nathaniel Appleton 

be a Committee to consider of the expediency of fixing Lamps in 
this Town, and to Report as soon as may be their Opinion, what 
number of Lamps may be necessary, and the most proper places 
to fix them ; as also to make enquiry whether the Town can legally 

raise an Annual Fund to support the charge thereof 

Tiie Article in the Warrant Viz 4 . " To consider what Meth- 
ods shull be taken for the preservation of Beacon Hill " was read 

whereupon Voted, that 

John Tuder Esq. 
Thomas Gray Esq. 
John Avcry Esq. 
Thomas Daws Esq. 
Belcher Noyes Esq. 

be a Commitee to take this matter into Consideration, and to Re- 
port as soon as may be 

This being the time assigned for the further Consideration of 
M r . Mollineuxs Request, that the Town would receive & examine 
an account presented by him, of his Expense in carrying on the 
spining business & c . and also make him such further Allowance 
for his Expence and loss therein as might be thought Just and 
reasonable It was motioned & carried that the Report of a 
Committee in 17G9. relative to employing the Poor should be first 
read; which Report was accordingly read. After considerable de- 
bate on the subject matter of M r . Mollineuxs Request ; and the 
legality or illegally of now acting thereon ; It was moved that the 
Opinion of M r . Justice Dana now present might be taken respect- 
ing the [337.] Power of the Town to Remit M r . Mollineux the 
.300 lent him; and M r . Dana being accordingly apply'd to de- 
clared "That he doubted whether the Town could legally re- 
mit him said Sum " several other Gentlemen of the Law being 
present, and not disagreeing with M r . Dana in Opinion It was 
then moved the Question might be put. " Whether the Town will 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1772. 73 

act any further on M r . Mollineuxs Accompt "and the Question be- 
ing accordingly put Passed in the Negative 

Upon a Motion made and seconded the Question was put, 
" Whether a certain printed Paper lately spread abroad & even 
dispers'd in this Meeting, reflecting on the character of M r . 
William Mollineux, and tending to prejudice him with the Town 
while his Petition was depending, should not agreable- to the 
desire of said Gentleman be read it passed in the Affermative 
This Paper being accordingly read, it was moved and the Question 
put Whether it be not the sense of the Town, that said Paper 
be rejected with Disdain, as containing unjust reflections on M r . 
Mollineuxs Character ; and that so their abhorrence and detesta- 
tion should be expressed at such Methods being taken to asperce 
the Character of an Individual which passed in the Aflerma- 
tive 

It was then Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to M r . William Mollineux, for his faithful discharge of 
a Contract entred into with the Town relative to employing their 
Poor in the Spinning Business &c. 

M r . John Lucas lately chosen a Warden having desired the Town 
that he might on account of his present ill state of health be ex- 
cused from serving in that Office ; he was accordingly excused 

M r . Seward chosen one of the Constables for the present [338-] 
Year having desired to be excused from serving in that Office he 
was accordingly excused by the Town 

Coll . Joseph Jackson one of the Selectmen re-chosen into that 
Office, having desired to be excused from serving in that Office, he 
was accordingly excused, and upon a Motion made Voted, unani- 
mously that the Thanks of the Town be given the Collonel for his 
faithful services as a Selectman, a number of Years past 

Adjourned to 3. O'Clock, P : M : 

3. O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

A Letter from Samuel Pemberton Esq. to the Town desiring to 
be excused from serving in the Office of a Selectman into which he 
had been lately chosen ; was read & his resignation accepted 

M r . John Atkinson chosen into the Office of a Clerk of the 
Market having desired to be excused from that service he was 

accordingly excused 

Mess". Charles Sigorney 

Jonathan Williams Jun r . 
Samuel Bradstreet 

David Green 

were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, the Question was put 
" Whether upon Jonathan Payson Ksq. a late Collector of Taxes 
paying into the Town Treasury the Sum of 109 ,, 17 ,, 8 in which 
is included the Sum of 22 ,, 8 ,,1 allowed by the Court for 
Interest, the Execution obtained against said [339.] Payson 
shall be returned satisfied Passed in the Affermative 

It was moved and Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given 
to Samuel Pemberton Esq. for his faithful Services as a Selectman 
for several Years past 



74 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

It was motioned that the choice of the Selectmen, in the room 
of those who have resigned, be referred over to the Adjournment ; 
and the Question being accordingly put Passed in the Afferma- 
tive 

The Consideration of the Article in the "Warrant respecting 
filling up the Dock being assigned over to this time, a Committee 
chosen the 20. September 1770. made Report to the Town; a 
Motion was then made that said Report be recommitted and that 
the Committee be desired to look further into the Grants made to 
those whom the Davis's hold under, and to consult Council learned 

in the Law, respecting the Titles of the Claiments to said Dock 

. The Town brought in their Votes for two Wardens and upon 
sorting them it appeared that 
Mess". Josiah Waters 

Henry Bass 
were chose Wardens for the ensuing Year 

Voted, that Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
M r . John Amory 
Thomas Gray Esq. 
Thomas Daws Esq. 
Melatiah Bourn Esq. 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the 
Accounts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accompts of the 
Overseers of the Poor. & the said Committee are enjoin'd to 
inspect every particular [34O*] Account of the Moneys ex- 
pended for the use of the Almshouse they are also impowered 
when they shall Audit said Accounts to allow such of the Over- 
seers as shall advance moneys for the relieve of the Poor, Interest 
on all such Sums from the time so advanced ; till they shall 
have Audited said Accompts ; And they are desired to Report 
from time to time a state of the Treasury respecting the Debts and 

Credits, and on nny matters that they may think proper 

see further 

It was motioned and Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed 
to make enquiry into the cause why James Pitts Esq. and some 
others have stopt payment of their Quit Rents ; and to Report at 

the Adjournment 

M r . Dinely Wing 
was chosen a Surveyor of Boards for the ensuing Year 

M r . John Childs chosen one of the Ilogreeves having desired to 
be excused from serving in that Office he was accordingly ex- 
cused 

Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned, it shall be to 

Wednesday the 11 th . Instant 4. O'Clock Afternoon 

M r . Thomas Bradford 
was chosen a Hogreeve for the ensuing Year 

Adjourned to Wednesday the 11 th . Instant 4. O'Clock P : M : 

[341.] Wednesday 4. O'Clock P: M: Met according to Ad- 
journment 

The Town brought in their Votes for three Selectmen & upon 
sorting them it appeared that 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1772. 75 

John Scollay Esq. 

M r . Henderson Inches ----- (excused) 
M r Jonathan Mason ----- d. 
were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing 

see Page 

Wards. 

Mess". James Bayley --------- 6 

Charles Dabney --------10 

were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to inforce the Duty of 
Scavingers upon such Persons as have been chose into that Office ; 
and if upon enquiry and examination they should find any defects 
in the Laws relating to those Officers, that they Report the same 
to the Town, that they nwy act thereon as they shall think 

proper 

Mess". Richard Flood 
William Rogers 

were chose Cullers of Staves for the ensuing Year 

M r . Henry Blaisdell 

was chosen a Surveyor of Boards for the ensuing Year 

M r . Henderson Inches chosen a Selectman, having desired to 
be excused by the Town from serving in that Office, he was accord- 
ingly excused And upon a Motion made & seconded 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby are given to 
M r . Henderson Inches, for his faithful services as a Selectman a 

number of years past 

[342.] M r . Jonathan Mason chosen a Selectman, having 
desired to be excused by the Town from serving in that Office he 
was accordingly excused And upon a Motion made 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby are given to 
M r . Jonathan Mason for his faithful Services as a Selectman sev- 
eral years past 

The Town brought in their Votes for two Selectmen and upon 
sorting them it appeared 

Deacon Timothy Newell 

D r . John Greanleaf ------ (excused) 

were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing 

see page 

M r . Nathan Hancock chosen a "Warden for the ensuing Year, 
having desired to be excused from serving in that Office he was 

accordingly excused 

Adjourned to Tuesday the 24. Instant 10. O'Clock Before 
Noon 

Tuesday March 24. 10. O'Clock Before Noon Town met ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

D r . John Greanleaff who was chosen a Selectman having desired 
of the Town that he might be excused from serving in that Office, 
he was accordingly excused 

The Committee appointed to consider that Article in the War- 
rant relative to Street Dirt within the Town of Boston now 
Report 



76 Cirr DOCUMENT No. 91. 

" That having met & considered of that Article they are of 
Opinion that the Selectmen publickly Advertize, [343.] That 
they by publick Auction (at such time and place as they shall 
think proper) will sell the Street Dirt of the several 12 Wards in 
the Town, to twelve several Persons of good Credit, who shall be 
the highest Bidders, each one to have a Ward, who may dispose 
of that privilege among such of his Neighbors as he shall think 
fit: And that each of the twelve Purchasers give their Obligations 
to keep all the Streets or parts of Streets in their several Wards, 
in good condition of cleanness during the term of twelve Months 
from the time of their purchase, & at the expiration of the Year 
pay to the Town all such sums of Money as will then be due agre- 
able to the Conditions of their several Obligations aforesaid 

The above Report having been read, and debate had thereon 
the Question was put, Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affermative 

The Committee appointed to consider the Petition of M r . Robert 
Hews. "That apeice of the Towns Land may be Leased to him 
for the purpose of Erecting a Slaughter House " Reported 
"That upon discoursing M r . Hews they find, that since his 
Petition was preferred he has purchased a peice of Ground of the 
quantity of 400 feet, situate & tying in Pleasant Street and ad- 
joining M r . Shurburnes Land ; that he purposes to Erect his 
Slaughter House over the Water, & at about 600 feet distance 
from any Dwelling-house, and in case he so does they do not ap- 
prehend that it will be attended with any disadvantages to the In- 
habitants. 

The abova Report having been read & considered the Ques- 
tion was put "Whether the same shall be accepted Passed 
in the Affermative. 

The Selectmen appointed a Committee to consider the Petition 
of M r . Gowen Brown relative to purchasing a new Clock Report, 
That they have conferred with him respecting the same, and find 
that he would part with said Clock for One hundred Pounds Ster- 
ling, but although in their Opinion the same is finished in a manner 
which must do honor to the Artist, yet as upon examination the 
Clock placed upon the Old Brick Meeting House is in so good 
repair, as to be likely at a very triffling Annual Expencc to answer 
the purpose of a publick Clock, for many Years, they cannot for 
this reason give it as their Opinion, that it will be necessary for 
any other Clock to be purchased by the Town 

The above Report having been read and considered the Question 
was put Whether the same shall be accepted Passed in the 
Affermative 

A motion was made that the Selectmen be desired to prepare a 
By Law relative to the Street Dirt, to be laid before the Town, 
and then presented to the Court of Sessions for their acceptance, 
and the Question being accordingly put it did not obtain 

It having been moved thut there should bu a reconsideration of 
the Vote, for accepting the Report of a Committee relative to the 
making sale of the Street Dirt the Question was accordingly put 
which passed in the Affermative 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1772. 77 

The consideration of the above Report having been again taken 
up, and considerable debate had thereon the Question was put. 
Whether the same shall be accepted Passed in the Negative 

The Town brought in their Votes for one Selectman & upon 

sorting them it appeared that 

M r . Oliver Wendell 
was chosen a Selectmen for the Year ensuing 

[345.] The Town brought in their Votes for one Warden, 

and upon sorting them it appeared that 

M r . Zachariah Brigdon 
was chosen a Warden for the ensuing Year 



Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that 
Richard Gridley Esq. 
John Hill Esq. 
M r . Robert Peirpoint 
William Phillips Esq. 
Stephen Greanleaff Esq. 
M r . Harmond Brimmer 

be and hereby are appointed in addition to the Committee ap- 
pointed to Judge on the best and most effectual Method for re- 
moving the Nuesance on the Common 

Ezekial Goldthwait Esq. Chairman of the Committee appointed 
to Audit the Town Treasurers Accounts having desired leave to 
resign, and Nominate a Gentlemen in his room, he was accord- 
ingly excused and upon his Nomination, it was Voted, that 

John Rowe Esq. 

be appointed one of the Auditors of the Town Treasurers Ac- 
counts in the room of Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. who has resigned 
Upon a Motion made & seconded, The Report of a Committee 
to inspect the Town Treasury &c. was again read and in the 
course of the debate one of said Committee informed the Town 
that M r . Sampson Salter, a late Collector had made considerable 
payments to the Treasurer since said Report had been given in 
and accepted by the Town It was then moved that the further 
consideration of said Report, be referred over to May Meeting 
And the Question being accordingly put Passed in the Aflerma- 

tive 

A Motion was made and the Question put Whether M r . 
[346.] Brigdon should be excused from serving as a Warden, 

and the Question being put, he was not excused 

Voted, that all Matters and Things which remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be referred over to the General Town Meeting in 

May next, to be then considered of and acted upon 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and here- 
by are given to the Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. the Moderator of 

this Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in publick Town Meet- 
ing Assembled tit Faneuil Hall on Wednesdaj- the 6 th . Day of May 
Anno Domino 1772. 



78 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r . Chauncey 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting, read 

Sundry Laws rc ad 

John Scollay Esq. one of the Selectmen proposed in their [347.] 
Names to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the choice of 
one or more Persons to Represent them in the Great & General 
Court or Assembly to be held at upon Wednesday the 27 th . Day 
of May Current, and in order thereto to consider, and ascertain 
the number of Gentlemen to be Elected. Accordingly it was 
Voted, to proceed to the choice of Four Representatives, and then 
it was declared by the Selectmen that no Votes will be received 
but such as are unfolded, and that they propose the Polls shall be 

closed at 12. O'Clock 

The Votes being brought in the number of the same were found 
to be Seven hundred & twenty three, and upon sorting them it ap 

peared that the four following Gentlemen were chosen, Viz' 

The Hon ble . Thomas Cushing Esq. - - - - G99 

The Hon b!e . John Hancock Esq. G90 

M . Samuel Adams. --------- 505 

William Phillips Esq. - 668 

The choice of Representatives being over & declared by the 
Selectmen ; the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in 
their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting in order that the 
Town may proceed in transacting the other Affairs mentioned in 
the Warrant. Accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew, & brought 
in their Votes, and upon sorting them it appeared that the Hon ble . 
John Hancock Esq. was chosen 



Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P : M : 
3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 



To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Boston in 

Town Meeting Assembled May 6. 1772 

[348.] Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their 
Annual Meeting the 7 IU . Day of May last, desiring the Selectmen 
to Visit the several public Schools in the Town, and to invite such 
Gentlemen to accompany them therein as they shall think proper 

and to Report thereon 

We the Subscribers accordingly attended that service on 
Wednesday the 10 th . Day of July last, and the following Gentle- 
men were invited to accompany us therein 

His Excellency the Governor 
His Honor the Lieu 1 . Governor 
The Hon ble . John Erving Esq. 
James Bowdoin Esq. 
Thomas Hubbard Esq. 
Harrison Gray Esq. 
James Pitts Esq. 
Thomas Flucker Esq. 
Joshua Henshaw Esq. 
The Representatives of the Town 

The Overseers of the Poor 

The Rev d . Charles Chauncey - - D: D: 

Mather Byles D: D: 

Andrew Eliot ----- D: D: 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1772. 79 

Samuel Cooper ----- D: D: 

Ebenezer Pemberton - - - D: D: 

Samuel Mather 

Peneuil Bowen 

John Hunt 

John Bacon 

William Gorden 

The Town Treasurer 

John Jones Esq. 

Isaac Smith Esq. 

The Hon ble . Foster Hutchinson Esq. 
[349.] M r . Henry Laughton 

Samuel Fitch Esq. 

Cap*. Dogget 

Benjamin Austin Esq. 

James Boutineau Esq. 

John Newton Esq. 

M r . Francis Green 

Henry Lloyd Esq. 

Cap*. Samuel Barrett 

M r . William Bell 

M r . John Demming 

Edmund Quincy Esq. 

M r . Daniel Hubbard 

Cap*. Nathaniel Greenwood 

Coll . Joseph Scott 

M r . William Matthews 

M r . Moses Gill 

M r . John Brown 

M r . Peter Creque 

D r . Nathaniel Perkins 

Thomas Gray Esq. 

John Scollay Esq. 

D r . James Llo3*d 

And found the South Grammar School had 138 Scholars the 
North Grammar School 61 Scholars the South Writing School 
210 Scholars the North Writing School 264 Scholars the Writ- 
ing School in Queen Street 268 Scholars ; all in very good 

order 

Voted, that the above Report be accepted, and that the Gentle- 
men the Selectmen, be desired to visit the public Schools the Year 
ensuing, and invite such Gentlemen to accompany them as they 

may think proper 

[35O.] That Article in the Warrant Viz'. "To Consider 
what Measures shall be taken to repair or render more respec- 
table the Entrance into this Town near the Fortification," was 
read and after some debate Voted, that the Gentlemen the Select- 
men be a Committee to order such Repairs to the Fortification at 
the Entrance of the Town, as they may Judge proper for the pres- 
ervation of the same 

Upon a Motion made Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen 
be a Committee to view the Towns Lands on the Neck and Report 



80 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

what the}' shall Judge necessary to be done for the preservation 

thereof 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'. "That the Town would 
consider what Instructions shall be given to the Gentlemen that 
may be chosen to Represent them in the next General As- 
sembly " was read and after long debate had thereon the 
Question was put Whether the Town would now give Instruc- 
tions to their Representatives Passed in the Affermative 

It was then Voted, that 

Thomas Gray Esq. 

Richard Gray Esq. 

M r . William Mollineux 

D r . Joseph Warren 

D r . Benjamin Church 

Josiah Quincy Esq. 

M r . William Greanleaff 

M r . William Dennie 

Joseph Greanleaff Esq. 

be & hereby are appointed a Committee to draw up Instruction 
to the Four Gentlemen this Day chose to Represent the Town of 
Boston in the next General Assembly, and to Report the same at 

the Adjournment of this Meeting 

[361.] That Article in the Warrant Viz'. " Whether the 
Town will take any steps to make that part of the Street leading 
from Milk Street to M r . Hallowells House, passable for Carriages," 
was read whereupon Voted, that, 

M r . Nathaniel Appleton 

Jonathan Williams Esq. 

John Rowe Esq. 

M r . Alexander Hill 

Thomas Gray Esq. 
be & hereby are appointed a Committee to take this Matter into 

Consideration and Report at the Adjournment 

The Town Treasurer having been directed by the Town at the 
last March Meeting to make enquiry into the cause why James 
Pitts Esq. & some others have stopt payment of their Quit Rents 
and to Report at this Meeting accordingly made Report that he had 
waited upon M r . Pitts for the purpose aforesaid, who acquainted 
him that the Town having deprived him of the Privilege of 
Dockage & c . was the occasion of his withholding the Quit Rents, 

which had been regularly paid before that time 

The Committee appointed at the last Meeting to consider what 
may be necessary to be done for the preservation of Beacon Hill 
Reported in part, and were desired to Report further at the 

Adjourment of this Meeting 

Upon a Motion made & seconded Voted, that the Grants of 
Mone} 7 for the Relief of the Poor, and defreying other necessary 

Charges, be referred over to the Adjournment 

Voted, that the Consideration of the Sums to be allowed the 
School Masters & c . be referred over to the Adjournment 
Adjourned to the 20. lust'. 11 O'Clock. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1772. 81 

[352 . ] Wednesday the 20. of May, Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

Upon a Motion made and seconded in consequence of a Memo- 
rial presented lo the Selectmen by M r . John Lovel, & by them laid 
before the Town, Representing that the Cellar under the School 
house which had been Leased to M r . Gunter for a term of Years, 
now reverts to the Town, & praying that this small Emolument 
may be suffered to remain with him, for divers reasons more es- 
pecially, for his interest & care in procuring Subscription for fur- 
ther Conveniences & Ornaments to the Scliool House, than the 
Contractors were obliged to furnish : The Effects of which appear 
in the bight of the Walls of the Room two feet above what the 
Masons were to build them by Contract in the Carvings round the 
top, the Frontispeice of the Doors, the Cornish round the Pedi- 
ment & Eves ; the Cupola for the Bell with the Fane upon the top, 
& the large & commodious Stone Steps at the Entrance of tlie 
School ; the cost of all which amounted to a much larger sum 
than that of the Cellar It was Voted That the said M r . John 
Lovel have the use of the Cellar under the South Grammar School, 
for and during his continuance as Schoolmaster, for Reasons 
given in his said Memorial 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred & twenty Pounds be al- 
lowed & paid unto M r . John Lovel for his Salarj' as Master of the 
South Grammar School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due, & to commence at the ex- 
piration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . Samuel Hunt for his Salary as Master of the [353.] 
North Grammar School for the Year ensuing the same to be paid 
him quarterly as it shall become due & to commence at the expira- 
tion of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allow'd & paid 
unto M r . John Procter for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in Queen Street for the year ensuing, the same to be paid 
him quarterly, as it shall become due, and to commence at the ex- 
piration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . Samuel Holbrook for his Salary as Master of the Writ- 
ing School in the Common for the Year ensuing, the same to be 
paid him quarterly as it shall become due & to commence at the ex- 
piration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . John Tileston for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School at the North End for the ensuing Year the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due, & to commence at the expi- 
ration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed & paid unto 
M r . James Lovel for his Salary as Usher of the South Grammar 
School for the Year ensuing, the sama to be paid him Quarterly 
as it shall become due and to commence at the expiration of the 
last Quarter 

Voted, that the further Sum of Forty Pounds be allow'd & paid 



82 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

unto M r . John Lovel as an encouragement for him to remain & ex- 
ert himself in the service of the Town the ensuing Year the same 
to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due and to commence 
at the expiration of the last Quarter 

[354 . ] Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . James Carter for his Salary as Usher of the Writing School 
in Queen Street the Year ensuing the same to be paid him quarterly 
as it shall become due and to commence at the expiration of the 
last Quarter 

Voted, that the further Sum of Twenty five Pounds, be allowed 
and paid unto M r . James Carter as an encouragement to him to 
exert himself in the Service of the Town the ensuing Year, the 
same to be paid him quarterly as :t shall become due, & to com- 
mence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed & paid to such 
Persons as the Selectmen shall appoint an Assistant for the Mas- 
ter of the Writing School in the Common the Year ensuing, the 
same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to com- 
mence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Thirty four Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . John Tileston Master of the Writing School at the North 
End for providing an Assistant the Year ensuing, the same to be 
paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid out of the Town Treasury unto M r . David Jeffries for his ser- 
vices as Treasurer of the Town the Year past, and for all his Ex- 
pences in that Office 

Voted, that the Town Teasurer be and he hereby [355.] is 
directed and impowered to allow the several School Masters Intei-- 
est on the Sums due to them from the date of their Warrants to 
the time of payment 

The Committee appointed the 6 th . Instant to take into Consider- 
ation that Article in the Warrant. Viz'. "Whether the Town 
will take any steps to make that part of the Street leading from 
Milk Street to M r . Hallowells House passable for Carriages " Re- 
port 

That we are of Opinion that it is highly necessary said new Street 
should be paved in order to make it passable for Carriages. We 
find that by an Act of the General Assembly when said new Street 
was laid out, that Benjamin Hallowell Esq. was ordered and did 
Agree to remove the paving Stones of the Old Street into the new 
at his Expense, but the replacing them was to be at the Expense 
of the Town. M r . Halowell is now ready to comply with the afore- 
said Order, as soon as the Town shall request it. The Street is 
about ten or eleven Rods long, and the paving Stones of the Old 

Street are Judged sufficient for half or a third of the new 

JOHN ROWE 
JONATHAN WILLIAMS 
NATHANIEL APPLETON 

The" aforegoing Report having been read & considered It was 
Voted, that the same be accepted & that the Selectmen be & here- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1772. 83 

by are directed to see that M r . Hallowell has or does perform what 
has been enjoined him by ihe Act of the General Assembly, & 
that then the said Street be so far paved, as to the Selectmen shall 
appear necessary 

The Committee Appointed to prepare Instructions for the Gen- 
tlemen who Represent the Town in the General Assembly Re- 
ported the following Draft, which being read & considered [356.] 
Paragraph by Paragraph, was unanimously accepted by the Town 
and are as follows Viz'. 

To the Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. M r . Samuel Adams The 
Hon ble John Hancock Esq. and M r William Phillips 

Gentlemen 

The choice we have made of you to Represent us in the Assem- 
bly of the Commons of this Province at the ensuing Sessions of 
the General Court, is the strongest Testimony of the high Opinion 
which we entertain of your Abilities and Integrity ; Nevertheless 
we think it our Duty at such a time as this when the very Being of 
our Constitution is so dangerously attacked, to express to you 
whom we have deputed & impowered to act for us, the sense we 
have of the Oppressions which we suffer No People were ever 
in circumstances more truly alarming than those in which the Peo- 
ple of this Province now are An exierior Power claims a Right 
1 to govern us, & have for a number of Years been levying an illegal 
tax on us ; whereby we are degraded from the rank of Free Sub- 
jects to the despicable Condition of Slaves. For its evident to the 
meanest Understanding that Great Britain can have no Right to 
take our Moneys from us without our consents unless we are her 
Slaves, unless our Bodys our Persons arc her property she surely 
cannot have the least claim to dispose of our earnings, & tho. we 
have hitherto failed of success our applications for the redress of 
this cruil grieveance we are still determined to exert our utmost 
efforts to break up this baneful source of Despotism & Misery. The 
attention of every one who has the least affection for his Country 
must be awakened to this important Subject when he sees [357.] 
The long train of evils which flow from it. We are especially 
under the most uneasy apprehensions from the repeated refusals 
of our Governor to accept of an honourable support from the People 
and we have the highest reason to believe that apart of the very 
Money unjustly taken from us is applyed to support him in a state 
of Independance upon the People over whom he presides If this 
is the case our situation is truly deplorable. The same oppres- 
sions of which we so justly complain are made the support of the 
Man, who ought to exert his utmost power to obtain a redress of 
our Grievances. A Ruler Independent of the People over whom 
over whom he presides, is abhorrent to the Principles of a Free 
Government Power without a Check is Tyranny, whoever is 
possessed of such a power is a Master instead of a Governor, and 
whoever submits to such a power is a Slave instead of a Subject. 
The intention & only reasonable end of Government is the happi- 
ness of Mankind ; and every branch of a legal Government ought 
to be interested in the public wellfare, & should have every possi- 
ble inducement to study & promote the good & happiness of the 



84 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

governed : But we fear that the Interest of this People and of the 
Gentleman who presides over us, are made as distinct & even as 
opposite as they possibly can be ; and if we allow ourselves to 
form a Judgement from what has taken place since his Exci'llencys 
Accession to the Chair, our fears must be augmented & confirmed 
as the Administration of affairs has been altogether such as much 
necessarily have resulted from an opposition of interest and the 
Governors intire independancy on us We shall mention to you 
a few striking Instances of the Justice of this remark We think 
it impossible that our Governor should be at liberty to consult like 
the Father of this People, their true Interest whilst he considers : 
himself bound to obey Instructions sent to him from the other side' 
of the Atlantic: For although he may know that doing any par- 
ticular Act, would be beneficial to the People, & condusive to his 
Majestys service, yet if he is instructed to the contrary it must not 
be done [358.] But if he is Instructed t> do an Act which he 
knows will be detrimental to the People and injurious to his Maj- 
estys service, yet according to this new Sj'stem he must do it 
every consideration of the fitnes & reasonableness of the transac- 
tion is thrown aside, & whatever may be the consequences to Kin j 
or People, the Governor must excercise the power committed to 
him not agreable to his discretion and the apparent interest of the 
Province but according to the Instructions received from a Min- 
ister three thousand miles distant Instructions are urged in ex- 
cuse for almost everything of which we complain. By an Instruc- 
tion our Legislative Bocty are restrained from Meeting at their an- 
tient & established seat, contrary to their inclination so repeatedly 
declared to the Governor. By an Instruction our Fortress Castle 
William built and for a long time supported by the Province for 
its defence has been delivered to Troops over whom the Captain 
General of the Province has declared he has no controul ; and who 
to appearance have taken more care to make it formadable to this 
Town, than to a Forreun Enemy Under the Influence of an In- 
struction the Governor has refused his consent to a tax Bill forde- 
freying the necessary Charges of Government because such Per- 
sons as the British Minister was pleased to point out, were not ex- 
pressly exempted from bearing their due proportion of said Tax. 
And what seems to coinpleat our misfortune is, that an Instruction 
is pleaded for refusing a Grant for the payment of our Agents at 
the Court of Great Britain. Thus we are to be cut off, even from 
complaint that last resource of the wretched. His Excellency is 
Instructed not to sign any grant for the payment of an Agent, 
unless he is chosen by the three branches of the Legislature, he 
cannot consent to any one who is proscribed in his Instructions. 
It is against an Administration in which Lord Ilillsburrough & his 
Dependents are principal Actors that we complain [359.] But no 
one whom he disapproves must be allowed to manage our com- 
plaints. It is difficult to restrain our indignation at the gross af- 
front offered to our Understandings in this affair. A Capasity but 
little remote from Idiotism is sufficient to discover the fatal con- 
sequences of this Ministerial plot. 

The Town have in times past declared to their Representatives 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1772. 85 

their sense of the burthen laid upon the Commercial Interests of 
the Community by the extension of the powers of the Court of 
Admiralty. A Jurisdiction in its very nature repugnant to our 
Constitution & contrary to Magna Charta, as it invests one Judge 
appointed by the Crown with Authority to determine concerns the 
most important to the property and liberty of the Subject And 
they expressed their sense of this Grievance as sharpned by the 
Contrast which appears in the same Statute between the Mother 
Country & the Colonies For however it may be urged that the 
Court of Admirality is established by the Charter of this Province 
yet by the same Charter the People of this Province are entitled to 
all the Liberties privileges & Immunities of free British Sub- 
jects And to see the British Parliament by one and the same 
Statute, taking from the Colonies an important right namely 
TRIALS BY JURIES & securing that Right to themselves in cases of 
the same nature & importance must be deeply affecting to us. 
We take this opportunity of renewing our protestations against 
the powers of that Court which have already proved so vexatious 
to Persons concerned in trade ; and in a very recent Instance 
according to the best information we are able to obtain, have been 
made use of to disturb & harrass the industrious Farmer, & 
which if not restrained bid fair to render all property either Real 
or Personal to the last degree precarious Thus Gentlemen have 
we exhibited to you a view of many of the Grievances which dis- 
tress this People : And we expect you will use your utmost Influ- 
ence in the ensuing Session of the General Court to have them 
radically redressed ; not doubting but you will receive the most 
ready and effectual assistance from those wise Patriots who are or 
shall be chosen [36O.] To Represent our Brethren in the several 
Towns of this faithful Province In particular we desire that 
you would use your influence that a Remonstrance ba presented to 
his Majesty whose elevated station denominates him the Father of 
his People, and the tenor of whose Throne is the protection of 
his Subjects against the Oppressions which we suffer laying open 
to his view in the fullest and plainest manner the true state of 
this his Province of the Massachusetts Bay, & pleading with him 
with that freedom & firmness which the Justice of the cause & 
the exigences of your Country demand. And that 3'ou may not 
fail of reaching the Royal Ear, we Instruct you to exert your- 
selves to procure a proper Grant from the House of Representa- 
tives for the payment of the Agents, who hav;; served the Hon ble . 
his Majestys Council & the Hon blc . House of Representatives for 
some years past, & that you take timely care to know whether the 
same is concurred with and consented to by the other two 
Branches of the Legislature. And that if it is not, that you 
endeavor to obtain a Resolve of the House for a Brief for raising 
a Sum sufficient for defraying the charges of an Agency for the 
Year ensuing, that so we may at least in this way make use of our 

own Moneys to purchase an access to the Ear of our King. 

There are Gentlemen many other Matters of great Importance 
to the Province which will come before you ; & we are happy that 
we can with confidence commit our concerns to you Having that 



86 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

by the favor of Divine Providence you will be greatly Instrumen- 
tal in restoring and securing both to us & our Posterity our violated 
Rights, thus only may we with reason expect to enjoy the in- 
valuable Blessings of Harmony & good Government 

Upon a Motion made & Seconded. Voted, that the Committee 
appointed to prepare Instructions, for the Gentlemen who are 
chosen to Represent us in the General Assembly the ensuing Year 
be & hereby are desired to bring in an Article of Instructions 
relative the Appointment & [361.] Salaries of the Judges of the 
Superior Court 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P : M : 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

Voted, that the Sum of Six thousand five hundred Pounds be 
raised by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within this Town for 
Relief of the Poor and defreying other necessary charges arising 
within the Town the ensuing Year 



Upon a Motion made Voted, that 

John Rowe Esq. 

Jonathan Williams Esq. 

be added to the Committee appointed to Audit the Town Treasur- 
ers Accompts for the last Year in the room of Nicholas Boylston 
Esq. deceased, and M r . John Pitts who is out of the Provinces to 

Report at the Adjournment 

The Selectmen Appointed a Committee to view the Towns Lands 

the Neck & c . Reported 

That having Attended their Duty they found that the Land has 
been so much wasted away by the Sea, as makes it absolutely 
necessary that the Dykes should be repaired in such a manner as 
may prevent the Pavement on the Neck from being destined, 
and the Neck itself from being so far carried away, as that in no 
distant period, this Town may become an Island. That they were 
not able at present to lay before the Town an Estimate of the 
Charge which will be necessarily incurred in effecting those Re- 
pairs, and therefore proposed to the Town that a large Commit- 
tee be appointed to view the Premisses & to consider of the best 
Method to secure the Neck, as also of the Sum which will be neces- 
sary for the purpose aforesaid, and to Report the same as soon 
as may be 

The above mentioned Report having been considered Voted 
[362.] That the same be accepted, and that the Gentlemen the 
Selectmen together with 

William Phillips Esq. 

John Rowe Esq. 

M r . William Dennie 

M r . Tuttle Hubbard 

M r . Robert Pierpoint 

M r . Samuel Swift 

M r . Nathaniel Appleton 

John Tuder Esq. 

Mr. Thomas H. Peck 

M r . William Greanleaff 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1772. 87 

M r . John Sweetser 
Jonathan Williams Esq. 
Coll . John Hill 
M r . John Ballard 

be a Committee to view the Neck, and consider of the best Meth- 
od to secure the same as also of the Sum which will be necessary 
for this purpose ; and to Report as soon as may be 
Upon a Motion made & seconded Voted, that 
Benjamin Austin Esq. 
M r . William Cooper 

be added to the Committee on Instructions and that said Com- 
mittee be desired to Report at the Adjournment 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that there be so far 
a reconsideration of the Vote passed on the 5. of March last as 
that the Meeting to be called on the 5. of March ensuing be solely 
for the purpose of receiving the Report of the Committee appointed 
to procure an Orator to deliver an Oration on said Day, to perpetu- 
ate the Memory of the Boston Massacre And that the Annual 
March Meeting, be appointed at the usual time, notwithstanding 

the Vote be referred to 

[383,] The Hou blc . John Hancock Esq. having made a. tender 
to the Town of a Fire-Engine, he had lately imported ; it was 
thought more respectful to that Gentleman, that the consideration 

of his offer should bs referred to the Adjournment 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Fryday next 3. 
O'Clock P : M : and that the Town be Notified thereof in the sev- 
eral News Papers 

The Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Fryday May 22 d . 3. O'Clock P: M: Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

The Committee appointed to examine the Accompts of M r . David 
Jeffries Town Treasurer Report That they have attended that 
service, & find the same right cast & well vouch'd in which he 
charges himself with Sundry Fines, Rents & other Incomes of the 
Town, as also with the Tax of 8000 all which amount to the 
Sum of 12287 ,, 13 ,, 2, including the balance of Old Ac- 
compts 

And the said Treasurer discharges himself by sundry Abate- 
ments made the Collectors amounting to 361 ,, 1 ,, 6, by Drafts 
made by the Selectmen amounting to 3249 ,, 12 ,, 11 of which 
he has paid 2*96 ,, 14 ,, 10$ And by Drafts made by the 
Overseers of the Poor, which contain the Charges of the Alms- 
house amounting to 3506 ., 2 ,, 8. of which he has paid -'547,, 
16 ,, 2. also by sundry Suras paid for Interest amounting to 216,, 
14 ,, 6. the whole amounting to 7333 ,, 11 ,, 7 

The said Committee have inspected said drafts in a very par- 
ticular manner, & have examined the Vouchers, produced by the 
Overseers of the Poor for the amount of their Drafts & every 
other branch of publick Charge amounting in all as above [364.] 
To 7333 ,, 11 ,, 7^ as by Account of Town Treasury in Town 
Treasury Books; Balance whereof being 4954 ,, 1 ,, 6 is 
carried to the Credit of New Account 



88 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Which Report and Account being read Voted, that the same be 
and hereby is accepted 

The Committee appointed to prepare an Instruction to our 
Representatives respecting the Appointment & Salarys of the 
Judges of the Superior Court, having met upon the occasion now 
Report That your Committee cannot Agree upon any set of 
Instructions, respecting this matter 

The above Report having been read, Voted, that the same be 
accepted 

A Motion was made that a new Committee be now appointed to 
prepare an Instruction for our Representatives in General Assem- 
bly, relative to the Appointment and Salary of the Judges of the 
Superior Court ; and after long debate had thereon the Motion did 
not obtain It was then moved & seconded, that the further 
Consideration of this Matter be referred to the next Town Meet- 
ing The Question being accordingly put Passed in the Affer- 
rnative 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. having made a tender to the 
Town of a new & finely constructed Engine for the extinguishing 
of Fires, provided they will direct the Gentlemen the Selectmen to 
appoint a suitable Company for the same, and allow the Men 
belonging thereto, the Exemptions & Privileges indulged the 
other Engine Men, It is therefore Voted, that the Town do 
accept of the said generous present of M r . Hancock as a fresh 
mark of his Regard for the safety & welfare of the Town, and 
that the Selectmen be directed to appoint a suitable Number of 
Men [365.] For working said Engine at any Fires that may 
happen, with such a Master as M r . Hancock may be pleased to 
Nominate, and that said Company when appointed be and hereby 
are Excused & exempted from all such Duty, and entitled to all 
such privileges and Allowances as are the present Enginemen of 
this Town and that said Engine be placed under proper cover, 
at or near Hancocks Wliarff and in case of Fires, the Estate of the 
Donor shall have the preference of its service 

Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to the Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. or the above men- 
tioned generous Donation to this Town. 

Voted, that the Thanks of this Town be & hereby are given to 
the Hon ble John Hancock Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for 

dispatching the business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 28. Day of 
October Anno Domini. 1772 



Warrant for calling the Meeting ------- read 



[366.] The IIon ble . John Hancock Esq. was chosen Moderator 
of this Meeting, and took the Oath respecting his paying and re- 
ceiving Bills of Credit of the Neighbouring Governments as re- 
quired by an Act of this Province 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1772. 89 

The several Petitions relative to a Report, that Stipends are 
affixed by order of the Crown, to the Offices of the Judges of the 
Superior Court of Judicature of this Province & setting fonh the 
dangerous consequences that must attend such an Establishment ; 
were read & debated, whereupon it was Moved and seconded 
That a decent and respectful Application from this Meeting be 
made to his Excellency the Governor, acquainting him that the 
Town has been alarm'd with the Reports that Stipends are affixed 
to the Office of the Judges of the Superior Court of Judicature of 
this Province whereby they are rendred intirely independent of 
the Grants and Acts of the General Assembly for their support 
which the Town is apprehensive will be attended with the most 
fatal consequences, and therefore humbly and earnestly to pray 
his Excellency, that he would he pleased to inform them, whether 
his Excellency has received any advice relative to this matter in 
any way from whence he has reason to apprehend that such an 
Establishment has or will be made And the Question being 
accordingly put, it passed in the Affermative by a vast majority 
also 

Voted, that M r . Samuel Adams 
D r Joseph Warren 
D r . Benjamin Church 
be a Committee to draw up an Address to the Governor on the 

aforegoing Subject and to Report at the Adjournment 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P: M: 
[367.] 3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 
The Committee to prepare an Address to the Governor, Reported 

the following Draft Viz 1 

May it please your Excellency 

The Freeholders and other Inhabitants of tho Town of Boston 
legally Assembled in Faneuil Hall, beg leave to acquaint your 
Excellency, that a Report has prevailed, which they have reason 
to apprehend is well grounded, that Stipends are affixed to the 
Offices of the Judges of the Superior Court of Judicature of this 
Province whereby they are become Independents of the Grants of 
the General Assembly for their support ; contrary to antient and 
invariable usage this Report has spread an alarm among all con- 
siderate Persons, who have heard of it, in Town and Country ; 
being view'd as tending rapidly to compleat the System of their 
Slavery, which originated in the House of Commons of Great 
Britain assuming a power and authority to give and grant the 
Moneys of the Colonists without their consent, and against their re- 
peated Remonstrances. And as the Judges hold their places during 
pleasure, this Establishment appears big with fatal evils, so ob- 
vious that it is needless to trepass on your Excellencys time in 
mentioning them It is therefore the humble and earnest request 
of the Town that your Excellency would be pleased to inform 
them, whether you have received any such advise relating to a 
matter so deeply interesting to the Inhabitants of this Province 
which gives you assurance that such an Establishment has been or 
is likely to be made The aforegoing Report having been consid- 
ered, the Question was put Whether the same shall be accepted, 



90 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

which passed in the Affermative Nem Con' also 'Voted, 
that 

William Phillips Esq. 

The Hon ble James Otis Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

[368.] Deacon Timothy Newell 

D r . Benjamin Church 

D r . Joseph Warren 

Coll . Thomas Marshall 
be a Committee to present this Address to his Excellency 

Adjourned to Fryday the 30. Instant 10. O'Clock Before 
Noon 

Fryday October 30. 10 O'Clock A : M : Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

The Committee to present the Governor an Address Reported 
the following answer which his Excellency delivered to them in 
Writing Viz* 

Gentlemen 

It is by no means proper for me tola}* before the Inhab- 
itants of any Town whatsoever in consequence of their Votes and 
Proceedings in a Town Meeting any part of my Correspondence as 
Governor of this Province or to acquaint them whether I have or 
have not received any advice relating to the public Affairs of the 
Government. This reason alone if your Address to me had been 
in other respects unexceptionable, would have been sufficient to 
restrain me from complying with your desire 

I shall always be ready to gratify the Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston upon every regular Application to me on business of 
public concernment to the Town as far as I shall have it in my 
power consistent with fidelity to the trust which his Majesty has 

reposed in me 

T: HDTCHINSON 

The aforegoing answer, having been considered [369 . ] It was 
moved and the Question put Whether application shall be now 
made to his Excellency by the Town that he would be pleased to 
permit the General Assembty to meet at the time to which they 
stand prorogued, which passed in the Affermative Nem Con'. It 
was then Voted, that 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. 
M r . Samuel Adams 
The Hon ble . Thomas Cushing Esq. 

be a Committee to prepare a Petition to his Excellency for the pur- , 
pose aforesaid 

The Petition of a number of the Inhabitants u That another 
public School may be Established at the South part of the Town," 
was read, and after debate had thereon the Question was 
put Whether the Consideration of the same shall be referred to 
March Meeting Passed in the Affermative 

The Committee appointed by the Town at a late Meeting to con- 
sider what was proper to be done to prevent the ruin of Beacon 
Hill, were desired to make Report as soon as may be 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1772. 91 

Voted, that the Town Clerk be directed to lay the Original 
Grant of Beacon Hill before the Town at their Adjourment 

Upon a Motion made Voted, that the Selectmen be added to 
the Committee relative to Beacon Hill 

The Committee chosen to prepare a Petition to the Governor, 
relative to the Meeting of the General Court Reported the 
following Draft Viz'. 

The Petition of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally Assembled by Adjournment in Faneuil Hall 
on Fry day 30. of October 1772 

[37O.] Humbly Sheweth 

That your Petitioners are still greatly alarmed at the Report 
which has been prevalent of late Viz*. That Stipends are affixed to 
the Offices of the Judges of the Superior Court of Judicature of 
this Province by Order of the Crown for their support 

Such an Establishment is contrary not only to the plain and 
obvious sense of the Charter of this Province but also some of 
the fundamental Principles of the Common Law, to the benefit 
of which all British Subjects, wherever dispersed throughout the 
British Empire are indubitably entitled 

Such a Jealousy have the Subjects in England for their Rights 
Liberties & Privileges, and so tender a regard has been shown them 
by his Majestys that notwithstanding the provision made at the 
Revolution that the Judges of the Kings Superior Court of Law 
there should hold their Commissions not at pleasure but during 
good behavior, and since that time for their support, His Majesty 
among other the first Acts of this Reign, was graciously pleased 
to recommend it to Parliment and an Act passed that their Com- 
missions should not cease at the Demise of tho King, whereby every 
thing possible in human wisdom seems to have been done to es- 
tablish an impartiality in their decisions not only between Subject 
& Subject, but between the Crown and the Subject of how much 
greater importance must it be to preserve from the least sup- 
poseable byas the Judges of a Court, invested by the Laws of 
this Province which have been approved of by Majesty, with Pow- 
ers " as fully & amply to all intents and purposes whatsoever as 
the Court of Kings Bench, Common Pleas and Exchequer within 
his Majestys Kingdom of England have or ought to have " 

Your Excellency will allow your Petitioners with [371.] Due 
Submission to repeat that the establishment appears to them preg- 
nant with such fatal Evils as that the most distant thoughts of its 
taking effect fills their minds with dread and horror 

These Sir are the sentiments and apprehensions of this Metrop- 
olis expressed however with due defference to the Sentiments of 
tho Province with which your Petitioners are anxiously solicitous 
of being made acquainted 

It is therefore their earnest and humble request that your Ex- 
cellency would be pleased to allow the General Assembly to meet 
at the time to which they now stand prorogued ; in order that in 
that Constitutional Body, with whom it is to enquire into Grieve- 
ances and Redress them, the Joint Wisdom of the Province may 
be employed, in deliberating and determining on a matter so im- 
portant and alarming 



92 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

The Town having considered the foregoing Draft of a Petition 
to Governor Hutchinson It was Voted, that the same be ac- 
cepted, Nem Cun'. also Voted, that 

William Phillips Esq. 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

M r . Timothy Newell 

D r . Benjamin Church 

D r . Joseph Warren 

Coll . Thomas Marshall 

be a Committee to present the Petition to his Excellency 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday next 3. 
O'Clock P : M : 

Monday November 2 d 3. O'Clock P: M : Met According to Ad- 
journment 

The Committee appointed to present a Petition [373.] To 
His Excellency the Governor of this Province, Reported and laid 
before the Town the following Repl}* which his Excellency had 

been pleased to deliver them in writing Viz' 

Gentlemen 

The Royal Charter reserves to the Governor full power and 
authority from time to time, as he shall Judge necessary to Ad- 
journ prorogue and dissolve the General Assembly 

In the exercise of this Power both as to time and place I have 
always been governed by a regard to his Majestys Service and to 
the interest of the Province 

It did not appear to me necessary for those purposes that the 
Assembly should meet at the time to which it now stands pro- 
rogued, and before I was informed of your Address, I had deter- 
mined to prorogue it to a further time 

The Reasons which you have advanced have not altered my 
Opinion. If not withstanding in complyance with your Petition 
I should alter my determination and meet the Assembly, contrary 
to my own Judgement at such time as you Judge necessary, I 
should in effect yield to you the exercise of that part of the prerog- 
ative and should be unable to Justify my conduct to the King 
There would moreover be danger of encouraging the Inhabitants 
of the other Towns in the Province to Assemble from time to time 
in order to consider of the necessity or expediency of a Session of 
the General Assembly or to debate & transact other matters which 
the Law that authorises Towns to Assemble, does not make the 

business of a Town Meeting 

T. HUTCHINSON 

The foregoing Reply having been read several times and 
duly considered ; it was moved & the Question accordingly put 
Whether the same be satisfactory to the Town ; which passed in 
the Negative Nem: Con'. And thereupon 

[373.] RESOLVED as the Opinion of the Inhabitants of this 
Town that they have ever had, and ought to have a right to Peti- 
tion the King or his Representatives for the Redress of such 
Grievances as they feel or for preventing of such as they have 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1772. 93 

reason to apprehend, and to communicate their Sentiment to other 
Towns 

It was then moved by M r Samuel Adams, That a Committee of 
Correspondence be appointed to consist of twenty one Persons 
to state the Rights of the Colonists and of this Province in partic- 
ular, as Men, as Christians, and as Subjects ; to communicate and 
publish the same to the several Towns in this Province and to the 
World as the sense of this Town, with the Infringements and 
Violations thereof that have been, or from time to time may be 
made Also requesting of each Town a free communication of 
their Sentiments on this Subject And the Question being accord- 
ingly put Passed in the Affermative. Nem. Con 1 . Also 
Voted, that, The Hon ble James Otis Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

D r . Joseph Warren 

D r . Benjamin Church 

M r . William Dennie 

M r . William Greanleaff 

Joseph Greanleaff Esq. 

D r . Thomas Young 

M r . William Powell 

M r . Nathaniel Appleton 

M r . Oliver Wendell 

M r . John Sweetser 

Josiah Quincy Esq. 

Cap 4 . John Bradford 

Richard Boynton Esq. 

Cap*. William Mackay 

Maj r . Nathaniel Barber 

Deacon Caleb Davis 
[374.] M r . Alexander Hill 

M r . William Mollineaux 

M r . Robert Pierpont 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee for the purpose afore- 
said, and that they be desired to Report to the Town as soon as 

may be 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for 
dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fry day the 20. Day of 
November Anno Domini 1772. 10 O'Clock. A : M : 



Warrant for calling the Meeting ----- read 



The Hon blc . John Hancock Esq. was chosen' Moderator of this 
Meeting, and took the Oath respecting his paying & receiving Bills 
of Credit of the Neighbouring Governments as required by an Act 
of this Province 



94 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

The Committee appointed to state the Rights of die [375.] Col- 
onists and of this Province in particular, with the Infringements 
and violations thereof & c . & c . Reported, and the same having been 
twice read and considered distinctly The 1 st part of said Re- 
port viz'. The state of the Rights of the Colon is'.s, was put and ac- 
cepted. Nem. Con'. The 2 d part of the Report, viz'. The Enu- 
meration of the Violations of our Rights, was referred to the 
Committee for some Additions relative to the Lieuetenant Gov- 
ernor, Attorney General & Soliciter Generals Salaries, and to the 
Fees of the Cnstom-house, and they were desired to report 
again 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 4. O'Clock P: M: 

3 O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to Enumerate the Violations of our 
Rights Reported again with the Amendments & Additions or- 
dered by the Town in the Forenoon, and the same having been 
read and considered, was accepted by the Town NEM CON T 

The 3 d part of the Report of said Committee viz 4 . A Letter 
of Correspondence to the other Towns, was again read, and having 
been duly considered, was accepted to be sent to the other Towns. 
Nem Con 1 

Upon a Motion made Voted, that the foregoing Proceedings be 
printed and that the Committee of Correspondence be desired to 
dispose of Six hundred of the printed Pamphlets among the Select- 
men of the several Towns, and such other Gentlemen as the Com- 
mittee shall think fit 

On a Motion made, Voted, that the Town Clerk be and hereby is 
directed to Attest, the State of Rights, and the Enumeration 
[376. J Of the Violations thereof; as has been accepted by the 
Town 

It was then moved and obtained, that the Town Clerk be directed 
to sign the aforementioned Letter of Correspondence and forward 
as many of the same to the Selectmen of each Town, as the Com- 
mittee shall think proper and direct 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for 

dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



The Votes and Proceedings of the Town at their late Meeting the 
20. November 1772 were by Order of the Town, published in a 
Pamphlet, one of which was sent to each Town in the Province, 
and the same as accepted by said Meeting, is as follows Viz' 

The Committee appointed by the Town the second Instant " to 
State the Rights of the Colonists and of this Province in particular, 
as Men, as Christians, and as Subjects ; to communicate and pub- 
lish the same to the several Towns in this Province and to the 
World as the sense of this Town with the Infringements and Vio- 
lations thereof that have been, or from Time to Time may be made. 
Also requesting of each Town a free Communication of their Sen- 
timents Reported 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1772. 95 

[377.] First, a State of the Rights of the Colonists and of 

- - - this Province in particular 

Secondly, A List of the Infringements, and Violations of those 

- - - Rights. 



TJiirdly, A Letter of Correspondence with the ------ 

other Towns. 

1 st . Natural Rights of the Colonists as Men. 

Among the natural Rights of the Colonists are these First, a 
Right to Life; Secondly to Liberty ; thirdly to Property ; together 
wilh the Right to support and defend them in the best manner they 
can Those are evident Branches of, rather than deductions from 
the Duty of Self Preservation, commonly called the first Law of 
Nature 

All Men have a Right to remain in a State of Nature as long 
as they please : And in case of intollerable Oppression, Civil or 
Religious, to leave the Society they belon'g to, and enter into 
another. 

When Men enter into Society, it is by voluntary consent ; and 
they have a right to demand and insist upon the performance of 
such conditions, And previous limitations as form an equitable 
original compact. 

Every natural Right not expressly given up or from the nature 
of a Social Compact necessarily ceded remains. 

All positive and civil laws, should conform as far as possible, to 
the Law of natural reason and equity. 

As neither reason requires, nor religeou permits the contrary, 
every Man living in or out of a state of civil society, has a right 
peaceably and quietly to worship God according to the dictates of 
his conscience. 

.' Just and true liberty, equal and impartial liberty " in matters 
spiritual and temporal, is a thing that all Men are clearly entitled 
to, by the eternal and immutable laws [378.] Of God and nature, 
as well as by the law of Nations, & all well grounded municipal 
laws, which must have their foundation in the former. 

In regard to Religaon, mutual tolleration in the different pro- 
fessions thereof, is what all good and candid minds in all ages 
have ever practiced ; and both by precept and example inculcated 
on mankind : And it is now generally agreed among Christians 
that this spirit of tolaration in the fullest extent consistent with 
the being of civil society " is the chief characteristical mark of 
the true church" & In so much that M r . Lock has asserted, and 
proved beyond the possibility of contradiction on any solid ground, 
that such toleration ought to be extended to all whose doctrines 
are not subversive of society. The only Sects which he thinks 
ought to be, and which by all wise laws are excluded from such 
toleration, are those who teach Doctrines subversive of the Civil 
Government under which they live. The Roman Catholicks or 
Papists are excluded by reason of such Doctrines as these " that 
Princes excommunicated may be deposed, and those they call 
HereticJcn may be destroyed without mercy ; besides their recogniz- 
ing the Pope in so absolute a manner, in subversion of Govern- 
ment, by introducing as far as possible into the states, under 



96 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

whose protection they enjoy life, liberty and property, that sole- 
cism in politicks, Irnperium in impeiio* leading directly to the worst 
anarchy and confusion, civil discord, war and blood shed 

The natural liberty of Men by entring into society is abridg'd 
or restrained so far only as is necessary for the 

See Locks Letters on Toleration 
[379.] Great end of Society the best good of the whole 

In the state of nature, every man is under God, Judge and sole 
Judge, of his own rights and the injuries done him : By entering 
into society, he agrees to an Arbiter or indifferent Judge between 
him and his neighbours ; but he no more renounces his original 
right, than by taking a cause out of the ordinary course of law, 
and leaving the decision to Referees or indifferent Arbitrations. 
In the last case he must pay the Referees for time and trouble ; he 
should be also willing to pay his Just quota for the support of 
government, the law and constitution ; the end of which is to fur- 
nish indifferent and impartial Judges in all cases that may happen, 
whether civil ecclesiastical, marine or military. 

" The natural liberty of man is to be free from any supe- 
rior power on earth, and not to be under the will or legislative 
authority of man ; but only to have the law of nature for his 
rule." 

In the state of nature men may as the Patriarchs did, emplo} r 
hired servants for the defence of their lives, liberty and property : 
and they should pay them reasonable wages. Government was 
instituted for the purposes of common defence ; and those who 
hold the reins of government have an equitable natural right to an 
honourable support from the same principle " that the labourer is 
worthy of his hire " but then the same community which they 
serve, ought to be assessors of their pay : Governors have no 
right to seek what they please ; by this, instead of being content 
with the station assigned them, that of honourable servants of the 
society, they would soon become [38O.] Absolute masters, Des- 
pots, and Tyrants. Hence as a private man has a right to say, 
what wages he will give in his private affairs, so has a Commu- 
nity to determine what they will give and grant of their Substance, 
for the Administration of publick affairs. And in both cases 
more are ready generally to offer their Service at the proposed and 
stipulated price, than are able and willing to perform their duty. 

In short it is the greatest absurdity to suppose it in the power 
of one or any number of men at the entering into society, to re- 
nounce their essential natural rights, or the means of preserving 
those rights when the great end of civil government from the very 
nature of its institution is for the support, protection and defence 
of those very rights : the principal of which as is before observed, 
are life liberty and property. If men through fear, fraud or mis- 
take, should in terms renounce & give up any essential natural 
right, the eternal law of reason and the great end of society, would 
absolutely vacate such renunciation ; the right to freedom being 
the gift of God Almighty, it is not in the power of Man to alienate 
this gift, and voluntarily become a slave 

* A Government -within a Government 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1772. 97 

2 d . The Rights of the Colonists as Christians 
These maybe best understood by reading and carefully study- 
ing the institutes of the great Lawgiver and head of the Christian 
Church : which are to be found closely wiitten and promulgated in 

the New Testament 

By the Act of the British Parliament commonly called the 
Toleration Act, every Subject in Englaud [381.] Except 
Papists & c was restored to, and re-established in, his natu- 
ral right to worship God according to the dictates of his own con- 
science. And by the Charter of this Province it is granted or- 
dained and established that it is declared as an original right) that 
there shall be liberty of conscience allowed in the worship of God, 
to all Christians except Papists, inhabiting or which shall inhabit 
or be resident within said Province or Teritory. *Magna Charta 
itself is in substance but a constrained Declaration, or proclama- 
tion, and promulgation in the name of King, Lord, and Com- 
mons of the sense the latter had of their original inherent, 
indefeazible natural Rights, f as also those of free Citi- 
zens equally perdurable with the other. That great author that 
great jurist, and even that Court writer M r . Justice Blackstone 
holds that this recognition was justly obtained of King John 
sword in hand: and peradventure it must be one day sword 'in 
hand again rescued and preserved from total destruction and ob- 
livion. 



3 d . The Rights of the Colonists as Subjects 

A Common Wealth or state is a body politick or civil society of 
men, united together to promote their mutual safety and prosper- 
ity, by means of their union J , 

The absolute Rights, of Englishmen, and all freemen in or out of 
Civil society, are principally, personal security personal liberty and 
private property. 

All Persons born in the British American Colonies are by the 
laws of God and nature, and by the Common law of England, ex- 
clusive of all charters from the Crown, well 

[382.] Entitled, and by Acts of the British Parliament are 
declared to be entitled to all the natural essential, inherent & in- 
soperable Rights Liberties and Privileges of Subjects born in 
Great Britain, or within the Realm. Among those Rights are the 
following; which no men or body of men, consistently with their 
own rights as men and citizens or members of society, can for 
themselves give up, or take away from others 

First, "The first fundamental positive law of all Common- 
wealths or States, is the establishing the legislative power ; as the 
first fundamental natural law also, which is to govern even the 
legislative power itself, is the preservation of the Society. " 

Secondly, The Legislative has no right to absolute arbitrary 
power over the lives and fortunes of the people : Nor can mortals 

* See 1. Wra. and Mary. St. 2. C. 18 and Massachusetts Charter, 
t Lord Cokes Im. Blackstone, Commentu'-ies Vol. 1 st . Page 122. 

j See Lock and Vatel 

Locke on Government. Salus Populi Suprema Les esto 



98 CITT DOCUMENT No. 91. 

assume a prerogative, not only too high for men, but for Angels ; 
and therefore reserved for the exercise of the Deity alone. 

" The Legislative cannot Justly assume to itself a power to rule 
by extempore arbitrary decrees ; but it is bound to see that Jus- 
tice is dispensed, and that the rights of the subjects be decided, 
by promulgated, standing and known laws, and authorized inde- 
pendent Judges;" that is independent as far as possible of Prince 
or People. " There shall be one rule of Justice for rich and poor ; 
for the favorite in Court, and the Countryman at the Plough "* 

Thirdly, The supreme power cuunot Justly take from any man, 
any part of his property without his consent, in person or by his 
Representative. 

These are some of the first principles of natural law & Justice, 
and the great Barriers of all free states, and of the British 

[383.] Constitution in particular. It is utterly irreconcile- 
able to these principles, and to many other fundamental maxims 
of the common law, common sense and reason, that a British 
house of commons, should have a right, at pleasure, to give and 
grant the property of the Colonists. That these Colonists are well 
entitled to all the essential rights, liberties and privileges of men 
and freemen, born in Britain, is manifest, not only from the Col- 
ony charter, in general, but acts of the British Parliament. The 
statute of the 13 th of George 2. c 7. naturalizes even foreigners 
after seven years residence. The words of the Massachusetts 
Charter are there, "And further our will and pleasure is, aud we 
do hereby for us, our heirs and successors, grant establish and 
ordain, that all and every of the subjects of us, our heirs and suc- 
cessors, which shall go to and inhabit within our said province or 
territory and every of their children which shall happen to be 
born there, or on the seas in going thither, or returning from 
thence shall have and enjoy, all liberties and immunities of free 
and natural subjects within any of the dominions of us, our heirs 
and successors, t > all intents constructions & purposes whatsoever 
as if they and every of them were born within this our Realm of 
England." Now what liberty can there be, where property is taken 
away without consent? Can it be said with any colour of truth 
and Justice, that this Continent of three thousand miles in length, 
and of a breadth as yet unexplored, in which however, its sup- 
posed, there are five millions of people, has the least voice, vore 
or influence in the decisions of the British Parliament? Have they, 
all together, any more right or power to return a single number to 
that house of commons, who have not inadvertently, but delib- 
erately assumed a power to dispose of their lives, f Liberties and 
properties, then to choose an 

[384.] Emperor of China ! Had the Colonists a right to re- 
turn members to the british parliament, it would only be hurtfu'l ; 
as from their local situation and circumstances it is impossible 
they should be ever truly and properly represented there. The 
inhabitants of this country in all probability in a few years will be 
more numerous, than those of Great Britain and Ireland together ; 

* Locke 

f See the Act of the last Session, relating to the Kings Dock Yarda 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1772. 99 

yet it is absurdly expected by tbe promoters of the present meas- 
ures, that these, with their posterity to all generations, should be 
easy while their property, shall be disposed of by a house of 
commons at three thousand miles distant from them ; and who 
cannot be supposed to have tbe least care or concern for thi'ir real 
interest : Who have not only no natural care for their interest, but 
must be in effect bribed against it ; as every burden they lay on the 
colonists is so much saved or gained to themselves. Hitherto many 
of the Colonists have been free from Quit Rents ; but if the breath 
of a british house of commons can originate an act for taking away 
all our money, our lands will go next or be subject to rack rents 
from haughty and relentless landlords who will ride at ease, while 
we are trodden in the dirt. The Colonists have been branded with 
the odious names of traitors and rebels, only for complaining of 
their grievances ; How long such treatment will, or ought to born 
is submitted. 



A List of Infringements & Violations of Rights 
We cannot help thinking, that an enumeration of some of the 
most open infringments of our rights, will by every candid Person 
be Judged sufficient to Justify whatever measures have been 
already taken, or may be thought proper to be taken, in order to 
obtain a redress of the Grievances under which we labour. Among 
many others we [385.] Humbly conceive, that the following will 
not fail to excite the attention of a!l who consider themselves 
interested in the happiness and freedom of mankind in general, 

and of this continent and province in particular. 

1 st The British Parliament have assumed the power of legisla- 
tion for the Colonists in all cases whatsoever, without obtaining 
the consent of the Inhabitants, which is ever essentially necessary 

to the right establishment of such a legislative 

2 d They have exerted that assumed power, in raising a Revenue 
in the Colonies without their consent ; thereby depriving them of 
that right which every man has to keep his own earnings in his 
own hands untill he shall in person, or by his Representative, think 
fit to part with the whole or any portion of it. This infringement 
is the more extraordinary, when we consider the laudable care 
which the British House of Commons have taken to reserve intirely 
and absolutely to themselves the powers of giving and granting 
moneys. They not only insist on originating every money bill in 
their own house, but will not even allow the House of Lords to 
make an amendment in these bills So tenacious are they of this 
privilege, so jealous of any infringement of the sole & absolute 
right the people have to dispose of their own money. And what 
renders this infringement the more grievous is, that what of our 
earnings still remains in our own hands is in a great measure 
deprived of its value, so long as the British Parliament continue to 
claim and exercise this power of taxing us ; for we cannot Justly 
call that our property which others may, when they please take 
away from us against our will. 



100 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

In this respect we are treated with less decency and regard than 
the Romans shewed even to the Provinces which [386.] They had 
conquered. They only determined upon the sum which each 
should furnish, and left every Province to raise it in the manner 
most easy and convenient to themselves 

3 d A number of new Officers, unknown in the Charter of this 
Province, have been appointed to superintend this Revenue, 
whereas by our Charter the Great & General Court or Assembly of 
this Province has the sole right of appointing all civil officers, ex- 
cepting only such officers, the election and constitution of whom is 
in said charter expressly excepted ; among whom these Officers 
are not included. 

4 th These Officers are by their Commission invested with powers 
altogether unconstitutional, and entirely destructive to that security 
which we have a right to enjoy ; and to the last degree dangerous, 
not only to our property ; but to our lives : For the Commissioners 
of his Majestys customs in America, or any three of them, are by 
their Commission irnpowered, "by writing under their hands and 
scales to constitute and appoint inferior Officers in all and singular 
the Port within the limits of their commissions " Each of those 
petty officers so made is intrusted with power more absolute and 
arbitrary than ought to be lodged in the hands of any man or body 
of men whatsoever; for in the commission aforementioned, his 
Majesty gives & grants unto his said Commissioners, or any three 
of them, and to all and every the Collectors Deputy Collectors, 
Ministers, Servants, and all other Officers serving and attending 
in all and every the Ports and other places within the limits of 
their Commission, full power and authority from time to time, at 
their and any of their wills and pleasures, as well [387.] By 
Night as by day to enter and goon board any Ship, Boat, or other 
Vessel, riding lying or being within, or coming into any Port, 
Harbour, Creek or Haven, within the limits of their commission ; 
and also in the day time to go into any house, shop, cellar, 
or any other place, where any goods wares or merchandizes lie 
concealed, or are suspected to lie concealed, whereof the customs 
& other duties, have not been, or shall not be, duly paid and truly 
satisfied, answered or paid unto the Collectors, Deputy Co'lectors, 
Ministers, Servants, and other Officers respectively, or otherwise 
agreed for; and the said house, shop, warehouse, cellar, and other 
place to search and survey, and all and every the boxes, trunks, 
chests and packs then and there found to break open." 

Thus our house3 and even our bed chambers, are exposed to be 
ransacked, our boxes chests & trunks bi'oke open ravaged and 
plundered by wretches, whom no prudent man would venture to 
employ even as menial servants ; whenever they are pleased to say 
they suspect there are in the house wares & c for which the dntys 
have not been paid. Flagrant instances of the wanton exercise of 
this power, have frequently happened in this and other sea port 
Towns. By this we are cut off from that domestick security which 
renders the lives of the most unhappy in some measure agreable. 
Those Officers may under colour of law and the cloak of a general 
warrant, break thro' the sacred rights of tho Domicil, ransack 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1772. 101 

raens houses, destroy their securities, carry off their property, and 
with little danger to themselves commit the most horred mur- 
ders. 

And we complain of it as a further grievance, that notwith- 
standing by the Charter of this Province, the Governor and the 
Great and General Court or Assembly of this [388.] Province 
or Territory, for the time being shall have full power and author- 
ity, from time to time, to make, ordain and establish all manner of 
wholesome and reasonable laws, orders, statutes, and ordinances, 
directions and instructions, and that if the same shall not within 
the term of three years after presenting the same to his Majesty 
in privy council be disallowed, they shall be and continue in full 
force and effect, uutill the same shall be repealed by the Great 
and General Assembly of this Province : Yet the Parliament of 
Great Britain have rendered or attempted to render, null and void 
a law of this Province made and passed in the Reign of his late 
Majesty George the first, intitled " An Act stating the Fees of 
the Custom-house Officers within this Province" and by meer dint 
of power, in violation of the Charter aforesaid, established other 
and exorbitant fees, for the same Officers ; any law of the Prov- 
ince to the contrary notwithstanding. > 

5 th . Fleets and Armies have been introduced to support these 
unconstitutional Officers in collecting and managing this unconsti- 
tutional Revenue ; and troops have been quarter'd in this Metrop- 
olis for that purpose. Introducing and quartering standing 
Armies in a free Country in times of peace without the consent of 
the people either by themselves or by their Representatives, is, 
and always has been deemed a violation of their rights as free- 
men ; and of the Charter or Compact made between the King of 
Great Britain, and the People of this Province, whereby all the 
rights of British Subjects are confirmed to us. 

6 th . The Revenue arising from this tax unconstitutionally laid, 
and committed to the management of persons arbitrarily appointed 
and supported by an armed force quartered in a free [389.] 
City, has been in part applyed to the most destructive purposes. 
It is absolutely necessary in a mixt government like that of this 
Province, that a due proportion or balance of power should be 
established among the several branches of legislative. Our An- 
cestors received from King William & Queen Mary a Charter by 
which it was understood by both parties in the contract, that such 
a proportion or balance was fixed ; and therefore every thing 
which renders any one branch of the Legislative more indepen- 
dent of the other two than it was originally designed, is an altera- 
tion of the constitution as settled by the Charter ; and as it has 
been untill the establishment of this Revenue, the constant prac- 
tise of the General Assembly to provide for the support of Gov- 
ernrrent, so it is an essential part of our constitution, as it is a 
necessary means of preserving an equilibrium, without which we 
cannot continue a free state. 

In particular it has always been held, that the dependence of 
the Governor of this Province upon the General Assembly for his 
support, was necessary for the preservation of this equilibrium; 



102 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

nevertheless his Majestj' has been pleased to apply fifteen hun- 
dred pounds sterling annually out of the American revenue, for 
the support of the Governor of this Province independent of the 
Assembly, whereby the ancient connection between him and this 
people is weakened, the confidence in the Governor lessened and 
the equilibrium destroyed, and the constitution essentially al- 
tered. 

And we look upon it highly probable from the best intelligence 
we have been able to obtain, that not only our Governor and 
Lieuvetenant Governor, but the Judges of the Superior Court of 
Judicature, as also the Kings Attorney and Solicitor General are 
to receive their support from this [39O.] Grievous tribute. This 
will if accomplished compleat our slavery. For if taxes are 
raised from us by the Parliament of Great Britain without our 
consent, and the men on whose opinions and decisions our proper- 
ties liberties and lives, in a great measure depend, receive their 
support from the Revenues arising from these taxes, we cannot, 
when we think on the depravity of mankind, avoid looking with 
horror on the danger to which we are exposed ? The British Par- 
liament have shewn their wisdom in making the Judges there as 
independent as possible both on the Piince and People, both for 
place and support : But our Judges hold their Commissions only 
during pleasure ; the granting them salaries out of this Revenue is 
rendering them independent on the Crown for their support. The 
King upon his first accession to the Throne, for giving the last 
hand to the independency of the Judges in England, not only 
upon himself but his Successors by recommending and consenting 
to an act of Parliament, by which the Judges are continued in 
office, notwithstanding the demise of a Kin:*, which vacates all 
other Commissions, was applaoded by the whole Nation. How 
alarming must it then be to the Inhabitants of this Province, to 
find so wide a difference made between the Subjects in Britain and 
America, as the rendering the Judges here altogether dependent 
on the Crown for their support. 

7 th . We find ourselves greatly oppressed by Instructions sent to 
our Governor from the Court of Great Britain, whereby the first 
branch of our legislature is made merely a ministerial engine. 
And the Province has already felt such effects from these Instruc- 
tions, as [391.] We think Justly intitle us to say that they 
threaten an entire destruction of our liberties, and must soon, if 
not checked, render every branch of our Government a useless 
burthen upon the people. We shall point out some of the 
alarming effects of these Instructions which have already taken 
place. 

In consequence of Instructions, the Governor has called and ad- 
journed our General Assemblies to a place highly inconvenient to 
the Members and grately disadvantageous to the interest of the 
Province, even against his own declared intention 

In consequence of Instructions, the Assembly has been pro- 
rogued from time to time, when the important concerns of the 
Province required their Meeting 

In obedience to Instructions, the General Assembly was Anno 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1772. 103 

1768 dissolved by Governor Bernard, because they would not con- 
sent to rescind the resolution of a. former house, and thereby sac- 

rifise the rights of their constituents. 

By an Instruction, the honourable his Majesty Council are forbid 
to meet and transact matters of publiek concern as a Council of 
advice to the Governor, unless called by the Governor ; and if 
they should from a zealous regard to the interest of tha Province 
so meet at any time, the Governor is ordered to negative them at 
the next Election of Councellors. And although by the Charter 
of this Province the Great & General Court have full power and 
authority to impose taxes upon the estates and persons of all and 
every the proprietors and inhabitants of this Province, yet the 
Governor has been forbidden to give his consent to act imposing a 
tax for the necessary support of government, unless such persons 
as were pointed out [392.] In the said instruction, were ex- 
empted from paying their Just proportion of said tax 

His Excellency has also pleaded Instructions for giving up the 
provincial fortress, Castle William into the hands of troops, over 
whom he had declared he had no controul (and that at a time when 
they were menaceing the Slaughter of the Inhabitants of the 
Town, and our Streets were stained with the blood which they had 
barbariously shed) Thus our Governor, appointed and paid from 
Great Brit-.iin with money forced from us, is made an instrument 
of totally preventing or at least of rendering, every attempt of 
the other two branches of the Legislative in favor of a distressed 
and wronged people : And least the complaints naturally occa- 
sioned by such oppression should excite compassion in the Royal 
breast, and induce his Majesty seriously to set about relieving us 
from the cruel bondage and insults which \ve his loyal Subjects 
have so long suffered, the Governor is forbidden to consent to the 
payment of an Agent to represent our grievances at the Court of 
Great Britain, unless he the Governor consent to his election, and 
we very well knew what the man must bi to whose appointment a 

Governor in such circumstances will consent 

While we are mentioning the infringement of the rights of this 
Colony in particular by means of Instructions, we cannot help 
calling to remembrance the late unexampled suspension of the 
legislative of a Sister Colony, New York by force of an Instruc- 
tion, untill they should comply with an Arbitrary Act of the 
[393.] British Parliament for quartering troops, designed by 

military execution, to enforce the raising of a tribute. 

8 th . The extending the power of the Courts of Vice Admiral- 
ity to so enormous a degree as deprives the people in tho Colonies 
in a givat measure of their inestimable right to tryals by Juries : 
which has ever been Jus.ly considered as the grand Bulwark and 
security of English property. 

This alone is sufficient to rouse our jealousy : And we are again 
obliged to take notice of the remarkable contrast, which the Brit- 
ish Parliament have been pleased to exhibit between the Subjects 
in Great Britain & the Colonies. In the same Statute, by which 
they give up to the decision of one dependent interested Judge of 
Admirality the estates and properties of the Colonists, they ex- 



104 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

pressly guard the estates & properties of the people of Great Brit- 
ain ; for all forfeitures & penalties inflicted by the Statute of 
George the Third, or any other Act of Parliament relative to the 
trade of the Colonies, ma)' be sued for in any Court of Admiralty 
in the Colonies ; but all penalties and forfeitures which shall be 
incurred in great Britain, may be sued for in any of his Majestys 
Courts of Record in Westminster or in the Court of Exchequer in 
Scotland, respectively. Thus our Birth Rights are taken from 
us ; and that too with every mark of indignity, insult and con- 
tempt. We may be harrassed and dragged from one part of the 
Continent to the other (which some of our Brethren here and in 
the Country Towns already have been) and finally be deprived 
of our whole property, by the arbitrary determination of one 
biassed, capricious Judge of the Admirality. 

9 th . The restraining us from erecting Stilling Mills for manu- 
facturing our Iron the natural produce of this Country, [394.] 
Is an infringement of that right with which God and nature have 
invested us, to make use of our skill and industry in procuring the 
necessaries and conveniences of life. And we look upon the re- 
straint laid upon the manufacture and transportation of Hatts to 
be altogether unreasonable and grievous. Although by the Charter 
all Havens Rivers, Ports, Waters &" are expressly granted the In- 
habitants of the Province and their Successors, to their only 
proper use and behoof forever, yet the British Parliament passed 
an Act, whereby they restrain us from carrying our Wool, the pro- 
duce of our own farms, even over a ferry ; whereby the Inhabi- 
tants have often been put to the expeuce of carrying a Bag of 
Wool near an hundred miles by land, when passing over a River or 
Water of one quarter of a mile, of which the Province are the 
absolute Proprietors, would have prevented all that trouble. 

10 th . The Act passed in the last Session of the British Parlia- 
ment, intitled, An Act for th. better preserving his Majesty s Dock 
Yards, Magizines* Ship*, Ammunition an'l Stores, is, as we appre- 
hend a violent infringement of our Rights. By this Act any one of us 
may be taken from his Family, and carried to any part of Great Brit- 
ain, there to be tried whenever it shall be pretended that he has been 
concerned in burning or otherwise destroying any Boat or Vessel, 
or any Materials for building & c . any Naval or Victualling Store 
& c . belonging to his Majesty. For by this Act all Persons in the 
Realm, or in any of the places thereto belonging (under which de- 
nomination we know the Colonies are meant to be included) may 
be indicted and tryed either in any County or Shire within this 
Realm, in like manner and form as if the offence had been com- 
mitted in said County, as his Majesty and his Successors may 
deem [395.] Most expedient. Thus we are not only deprived of 
our grand right to tryai by our Peers in the Vicinity, but any Per- 
son suspected, or pretended to be suspected, may be hurried to 
Great Britain, to take his tryal in any County the King or his Suc- 
cessors shall please to direct ; where, innocent or guilty he is in 
great danger of being condemned ; and whether condemned or ac- 
quitted he will probably be ruined by the expense attending the 
tryal, and his long absence from his Family and business ; and we 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1772. 105 

have the strongest reason to apprehend that we shall soon experi- 
ence tho fatal effects of this Act, as about the year 1769 the Brit- 
ish Parliament passed Resolves for taking up a number of Persons 
in the Colonies and carrying them to Great Britain for try a I, pre- 
tending that they were authorised so to do, by a Statute passed in 
the Heign of Henry the Eighth, in which they say the Colonies 
were included, although the Act was passed long before any Colo- 
nies were settled, or even in contemplation. 

11 th . As our Ancestors came over to this Country that they 
might not only enjoy their civil but their religeous rights, and par- 
ticularly desired to be free from the Prelates, who in those times 
cruilly persecuted all who differed in sentiment from the established 
Church ; we cannot see without concern the various attempts, 
which have been made and are now making, to establish an Ameri- 
can Episcopate. Our Episcopal Brethren of the Colonies do en- 
joy, and rightfully ought ever to enjoy, the free 'exercise of their 
religeon, we cannot help fearing that they who are so warmly con- 
tending for such an establishment, have views altogether inconsist- 
ent with the universal and peaceful enjoyment of our Christian 
privileges : And doing or attempting to do any thing which has 
even tlie remotest tendency to endanger this enjoyment, is Justly 
looked upon a great grievance, and also an infringement of our 
[306.] Rights, which is not barely to exercise, but peaceably & 
securely to enjoy, that liberty wherewith CHRIST has made us 
free. 

And we are further of Opinion, that no power on Earth can 
justly give either temporal or spiritual Jurisdiction within this 
Province, except the Great & General Court. We think therefore 
that every design for establishing the Jurisdiction of a Bishop in 
this Province, is a design both against our Civil and Religeous 
rights : And we are well informed, that the more candid and 
Judicious of our Brethren of the Church of England in this and 
the other Colonies, both Clergy and Laity, conceive of the estab- 
lishing an American Episcopate both unnecessary and unreason- 
able. 

12 th Another Grievance under which we labour is the frequent 
alteration of the bounds of the Colonies by decisions before the 
King and Council, explanatory of former grants and Charters. 
This not only subjects Men to live under a constitution to which 
they have not consented, which in itself is a great Grievance ; but 
moreover under color, that the riyht of Soil is affected by such 
declarations, some Governors, or Ministers, or both in conjunc- 
tion, have pretended to Grant in consequence of a Mandamus 
many thousands of Acres of Lands appropriated near a Century 
past ; anil rendered valuable by the labours of the present Cultiva- 
te >rs and their Ancestors. There are very notable instances of Setters, 
who having first purchased the Soil of the Natives, have at consid- 
erable expence obtained conformation of title from this Province ; 
and on being transferred to the Jurisdiction of the Province of New 
Hampsh>'re have been put to the trouble and cost of a new Grant 
or conformation from thence ; and after all this there has been a 
third declaration of Royal Will, that they should thence forth be 



106 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

considered as pertaining [397.] To the Province of New York. 
The troubles, expences and dangers which hundreds have been put 
to on such occasions, cannot here be recited ; but so much may be 
said, that they have been most cruelly harrassed, and even threat- 
ned with a military force, to dragoon them into a compliance, with 
the most unreasonable demands. , 

A Letter of Correspondence to the other Towns. 

Boston November 20 : 1772 

Gentlemen We the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Boston 
in Town Meeting duly Assembled, according to Law, apprehending 
there is abundant to be alarmed at the plan of Despotism, which 
the enemies of our invaluable rights have concerted, is rapidly 
hastening to a completion, can no longer conceal our impatience 
under a constant, unremitted, uniform aim to enslave us, or con- 
fide in an Administration which threatens us with certain and 
inevitable destruction. But, when in addition to the repeated 
inroads made upon the Rights and Liberties of the Colonists, and 
of those in this Province in particular, we reflect on the late extraor- 
dinary measure in affixing stipends or Salaries from the Crown 
to the Offices of the Judges of the Superior Court of Judicature, 
making them not only intirely independent of the people, whose 
lives and properties are so much in their power, but absolutely 
dependent on the Crown (which may hereafter, be worn by a 
Tyrant) both for their appointment and support, we cannot but be 
extremely alarmed at the mischievous tendency of this innovation ; 
which in our opinion is directly contrary to the spirit of the British 
Constitution, pregnant with innumerable evils, and hath a direct 
tendency [398.] To deprive us of every thing valuable as Men, 
as Christians and as Subjects, entitled, by the Royal Charter, to all 
the Rights, liberties and privileges of native Britons. Such being 
the critical state of this Province, we think it our duty on this 
truly distressing occasion, to ask you, What can withstand the 
Attacks of mere power? What can preserve the liberties of the 
Subject, when the Barriers of the Constitution are taken away? 
The Town of Boston consulting on the matter above mentioned, 
thought proper to make application to the Governor by a Com- 
mittee ; requesting his Excellency to communicate such intelligence 
as he might have received relative to the report of the Judges 
having their support independent of the grants of this Province 
a Co[)\ of which you have herewith in Paper N. 1. To 
which we received as answer the Paper N. 2. The Town 
on further deliberation, thought it advisable to refer the mat- 
ter to the Great and General Assembly ; and accordingly in 
a second address as N. 3 they requested his Excellency that the 
General Court might Convene at the time to which they then 
stood prorogued ; to which the Town received the repl}' as in N. 
4. in which we are acquainted with his intentions further to 
prorogue the General Assembly, which has since taken place. 
Thus Gentlemen it is evident his Excellency declines giving the 
least satisfaction as to the matter in request. The affair being of 
publick concernment, the Town of Boston thought it necessary to 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1772. 107 

consult with their Brethren throughout the Province ; and for this 
purpose appointed a Committee, to communicate with our fellow 
Sufferers, respecting this recent instance of oppression, as well 
as the man}' other violations of our Rights under which we have 
groaned for several Years past This Committee have briefly 
[39D.J Recapitulated the sense we have of our invaluable Rights 
as Men, as Christians, and as Subjects ; and wherein we conceive 
those Rights to have been violated, which we are desirous may be 
laid before your Town, that the subject may be weighed as its im- 
portance requires, and the collected wisdom of the whole People, 
as far as possible, be obtained, on a deliberation of such great and 
lasting moment as to involve in it the fate of all our Posterity 
Great pains has been taken to perswade the British Administration 
to think that the good People of this Province in general are quiet 
and undisturbed at the late measures ; and that any uneasiness 
that appears, arises from a few factious designing and disaffected 
men. This renders it the more necessary, that the sense of the 
People should be explicitly declared. A free communication 
of your sentiments to this Town, of our common danger, is ear- 
nestly solicited and will be gratefully received. If you concur with 
us in opinion, that our Rights are properly stated, and that 
the several Acts of Parliament, and Measures of Administration, 
pointed out by us are subversive of these Rights, you will doubtless 
think it of the utmost importance that we stand firm as one man, 
to recover and support them ; and to take such measures by di- 
recting our Representatives, or otherwise, as your wisdom and for- 
titude shall dictate, to rescue from impending ruin our happy and 
glorious constitution. But if it should be the general voice of 
this Province, that the Rights as we have stated them, do not be- 
long to us ; or that the several measures of Administration in the 
British Court, are no violations of these Rights, or that if they 
are thus violated or infringed, they are not worth contending for, 
or resolutely maintaining; should this be the general voice of 
the [4OO.] Province, we must be resigned to our wretched fate ; 
but shall forever lament the extinction of that generous ardor for 
Civil and lieligeous liberty, which in the face of every danger, 
and even death itself, induced our fathers to forsake the bosom of 
their Native Country, and begin a settlement on bare Creation 
But we trust this cannot be the case : We are sure your wisdom, 
your regard to yourselves and the rising Generation, cannot suffer 
you to dose, or set supinely indifferent on the brink of destruction, 
while the Iron hand of oppression is dayly tearing the choicest 
Fruit from the fair Tree of Liberty, planted by our worthy 
Predecessors, at the expence of their treasure, & abundantly wa- 
ter'd with their blood It is an observation of an eminent Pa- 
triot, that a People long inured to hardships, loose by degrees the 
very notions of liberty; they look upon themselves as Creatures 
at mercy, and that all impositions laid on by superior hands, are 
legal and obligatory. But thank Heaven this is not yet veri- 
fied in America! We have 3*et some share of publick virtue re- 
maining : we are not afraid of poverty, but disdain slavery. 
The fate of Nations is so Precarious and resolutions in States so 



108 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

often take place at an unexpected moment, when the hand of power 
by fraud or flattery, has secured every Avenue of retreat, and 
the minds of the Subject debased to its purpose, that it becomes 
every will wisher to his Country, while it has any remains of free- 
dom, to keep an Eagle Eye upon every inovation and stretch of 
power, in those that have the rule over us. A recent instance of 
this we have in the late Revolutions in Sweden, by which the 
Prince once subject to the laws of the State, has been able of a 
sudden to declare himself an absolute Monarch The S weeds were 
once a free, martial and valient people: [4O1.] Their minds 
are now so clebaced, that they rejoice at being subject to the ca- 
price and arbitrary power of a Tyrant & kiss their Chains. It 
makes us shudder to think, the late measures of Administration 
may be productive of the like Catastrophe ; which Heaven for- 
bid ! Let us consider Brethren, we are struggling for our best 
Birth Rights & Inheritance ; which being infringed, renders all 
our blessings precarious in their enjoyments, and consequently 
triffling in their value. Let us disappoint the Men who are raising 
themselves on the ruin of this Country. Let us convince every In- 
vader of our freedom, that we will be as free as the Constitution 
our Fathers recognized, will Justify. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fryday the 5 th . Day of 
March Anno Domini 1773 



Warrant for calling the Meeting ------ read 



The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his paying & receiving 
Bills of Credit of the Governments of Connecticut New Ham- 
shire, and Rhode Island as required by an Act of this Prov- 
ince 

[4O2.] The Committee appointed by the Town the 5 th . of 
March last, to apply to a proper Gentleman, to deliver an Oration 
5 th . of March Instant to perpetuate the memory of the horred 
Massacre perpetrated on the Evening of March 1770 by a 
Party of Soldiers under the Order and Eye of Cap 1 . Thomas 
Preston of the 29 th . Regiment Reported 

" That they had met together Several times for the purposes 
mentioned in the Towns Vote and that they had unanimously 
chosen D r . Benjamin Church to deliver an Oration for the pur- 
poses mentioned in said Vote, who had accordingly accepted of 
that service " 

The above Report having been read, the Question was put 
Whether the same shall be accepted Passed in the Affermative, 
unanimously. 

Upon a Motion made the Town took into Consideration the 
Time when it would be best to have the Oration pronounced, as 
also what place would be most suitable for the purpose 
whereupon 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1773. 109 

Voted, that the Oration be delivered past 12 O'Clock at the 
Old South Meeting House the Hall not being thought capacious 
enough to receive the Inhabitants that would probably attend ; 
and the Committee of that Society having upon application con- 
sented, that the House should be made use of on this occasion 

Voted, that D r . Joseph Warren 

The Hon b:e . James Otis Esq. 

Jonathan Williams Esq. 

be a Committee to wait upon D r . Benjamin Church and acquaint 
him ; that it is the desire of the Town that the [4O3.] Oration 
m;iy be delivered at the Old South Meeting House at three quar- 
ters past 12. O'Clock, this Forenoon 

Upon a Motion made Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 
the Old South Meeting House, three quarters past 12. O'Clock 

this Forenoon 

The Town met according to Adjournment at the Old South 

Meeting House at past 12. O'Clock A : M : 

The Committee appointed to wait upon D r . Church to acquaint 
him with the Vote of the Town respecting the time and place for 
the delivery of an Oration Reported, that said Gentleman, was 
ready to comply with the Orders of the Town, made known to 

him by their Committee 

An ORATION to commemorate the horred Massacre of the 5 th . of 
March 1770 and to impress upon the Minds of the Citizens the 
ruinous tendency of standing Armies being placed in Free and 
Populous Cities & c . was delivered by D r . Benjamin Church to a 
large and crowded Audience, and received by them with great 

applause 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted unanimously that the 
Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to D r . Benjamin 
Church for the Elegant and spirited Oration delivered by him at 
their request in commemoration of the horred Massacre perpe- 
trated on the Evening of the 5. of March 1770. by a Party of Sol- 
diers of the 29. Regiment under the Command of Cap*. Thomas 
Preston also 

Voted, that the Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 

Hon ble . James Otis Esq. 
[4O4.] M r . Samuel Adams 

John Scollay Esq. 

D r . Joseph Warren 

M r . William Dennie 

Coll . Thomas Marshall 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to wait upon D r . Benja- 
min Church, and in the name of the Town to request of him a 
Copy of the said Oration for the Press 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

M r . William Mollineux 

Hon ble . Thomas Gushing 

D r . Benjamin Church 

D r . Joseph Warren 



110 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. 

M r . James Lovel 

Samuel Pemberton Esq. 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to apply to a proper 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the 5 th . of March next 
to perpetuate the memory of the horred Massacre perpetrated on 
the Evening of the 5. of March 1770 by a Party of Soldiers of 
the 29. Regiment under the Command of Cap'. Thomas Preston ; 
and to impress upon our minds the ruinous tendency of standing 
Armies being placed in Free and Populous Cities ; and the neces- 
sity of such noble exertions in all future times, as the Inhabitants 
of the Town then made, whereby the designs of the Conspirators 

against the publick liberty, may be still frustrated 

Thanks Voted unanimously to the Moderator 
Then the Meeting was dissolved 



[4O5.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
publick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 
8 th . Day of March Anno Domini 1773 



Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r . Pemberton 

Warrant for calling the Meeting ------ read 



laws enjoined to be read at this Meeting were accord- 
ingly, read 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting and took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the Governments of Connecticut New Hampshire 

and Rhode Island as required by an Act of this Province. 

M r . William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year en- 
suing, and having taken the Oath respecting his paying and re- 
ceiving Bills of Credit of the Governments of Connecticut New 
Hampshire and Rhode Island ; took the Oath of Office for the 
faithful discharge of his Duty, which Oaths were administred to 

him by M r . Justice Hill " 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted, it appeared that 
The Hon ble John Hancock Esq. 
John Scollay Esq. 
M r . Timothy Newell 
Coll . Thomas Marshall 
M r . Samuel Austin 
M r . Oliver Wendell 
[4O6.] M r . John Pitts 

were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Overseers of the 
Poor, and upon sorting them it appeared, that 
John Barrett Esq. 
William Phillips Esq. 
M r . Benjamin Dolbear 
M r . William Whitwell 
M r . William Greanleaff 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS , 1773. Ill 

William White Esq. 

John Leveret Esq. 

John Gore Esq. 

Cap'. Samuel Partridge 

M r . Samuel Whitwell 

M r . Samuel Abbot 

M r . Daniel Waldo 

were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Wardens and upon 
sorting them it appeared that 

M r . Edward Payne - - - (excused) 

Ezekiel Cheever Esq. 

M r . Samuel Hews 

M r . John Copely , (d) 

Arnold Wells Esq. (d) 

M r . James Twing 

M r . Nathaniel Gary 

Cap'. Caleb Hopkins 

Cap'. Edward Procter 

M r . Gibbins Sharp 

M r . Peter Boyer 

Cap 1 . Benjamin Cobb 

were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing 

see Page. 

[4O7.] The Town brought in their Votes for Sixteen Fire- 
Wards and upon sorting them it appeared that 

John Scollay Esq. 

Newman Grenough Esq. 

M r . William Cooper 

M r . John Mico Wendell 

Thomas Marshall Esq. 

M r . Joseph Tyler 

Adino Paddock Esq. 

M r . James Richardson - - - - (excused) 

Cap 1 . Benjamin Waldo 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

Cap'. Martin Gay 

Francis Shaw Esq. 

M r . Alexander Hill 

Cap'. Job Prince 



Cap'. Edward Procter 



were chose Fire- Wards for the Year ensuing .... 

see Page 

Upon a Motion made Voted, that the choice of a County Treas- 
urer be referred to 4 O'Clock P : M : 



Adjourned to 3 O'Clock in the Afternoon 



3 O'Clock, P : M : Town met according to Adjournment 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Town Treasurer and 

upon sorting them it appeared, that M r . David Jeffries was 

chosen, and having taken the Oath respecting his paying and 



112 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

receiving Bills of Credit of the other Governments took the Oath 

of Office for the faithful discharge of his duty 

[4O8.] Upon a Motion made and seconded, the Question was 
put "Whether Constables and Collectors of Taxes shall be 

chose separate " - - - Passed in the Aflermative 

Voted, that the Sum of Five Pounds be remitted out of the Ten 
Pounds fine to such Persons as shall be chose into the Office of 

Constable for the Year ensuing and shall decline Serving 

A Motion was made that there should be only one Constable 
now chosen, and that the choice of the others should be referred 
to the Adjournment ; and the Question being accordingly put 

Passed in the Negative 

Mess. Thomas Love 

Cyrus Baldwin 

Richard Salter 

John Tayler 

John Wiuthrop 

James Cazneau 

James Sethrigg 

William Pitts 

Robert Ruggles 

Joseph Coolidge 

John Kneeland 

John Barret Jun r . ----- (excused) 
were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing 

see Page 

M r . John Gray 

was chosen a Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensuing in the room 
of M r . Henderson Inches, who was first chosen but excused by the 

Town 

Mess. William Nichols 

Andrew Symms 
[4O9.] William Nichols 

Clement Collins 

Henry Allen 

Isaac Vergoose 

John Grenough 

Jacob Thayer 

Joseph Edmunds 

Richard Walker 

John Champney 

John Bulfinch 

Abraham Howard 

Joseph Buller 

Joseph A.yres 

Thomas Bayley 

Andrew Townsend 

Joseph Ballard 

John Holland 

John Rogers 

Edmund Ranger 

Thomas Uran 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1773. 113 

Elisha Holmes 
Obediah Low 
Benjamin Page 
Clement Collins Jun*. 
Dinely Wing 
Henry Blaisdell 
Abraham Rogers 

were chose Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing 

Mess. John Joy 

Obediah Low 
Samuel Dyer 
William Crafts 
were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing 

[41O.] Mess Samuel Bangs 

Joseph Clark 
Daniel Parks 
Benjamin Bass 
Thomas Noland 
were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing 

Mess William Daws Jun r 

Thomas Edes 
were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing 

Mess Peter Cotta 

Manasah Masters 
Joseph Dyer 
John Harskins 
David Spear 
Jonathan Jenkins 
Job Wheelwright 
Joshua Pico 
Benjamin Salt 
Paul Baxter 
John Owen 
Thomas Knox 
Samuel White 
Edward Cowell 
Peter Ellis 
Timothy Pease 
Nathaniel Waterman 
Jacob Williams 
Samuel Bernard 
John Nowell 
Henry Lucas 
Caleb Hayden 
James Bernard 

[411.] Richard Flood 
William Rogers 
Samuel Peck 
were chose Collectors of Staves for the Year ensuing 



114 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 



Mess : David Simins 

William M c Fadden 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing - 

M r Thomas Smith 
was chosen a Hay ward for the Year ensuing 

Mess": Josiah Vose - - 
Joseph Snelling - 
Caleb Champney 
Francis Pulcifer- 
James Thompson 
Samuel Bradstreet 
Charles Perren - 
John Langdon - 
Samuel Warden - 
John Fullerton^ 
Thomas Chase - 
Benjamin Wheeler 
were chose Scavengers for the Year ensuing 



Wards. 

- I 

- 2 

- 3 

- 4 

- 5 

- 6 (excused) 

- 7 

- 8 

- 9 

- 10 

- 11 

- 12 

see Page 9. 



The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Constables, the 
Persons chose into that Office are 

Mess": Augustus Hail 

Hezekiah Usher 

George Thomas 

Samuel Greanleaff 

John Hammatt 

Elias Dupee 

John Wells 

John Coverley 

Stephen Symms 

John Beunet 

Joseph Foye 

see Page 

John Tudor Esq 

M r John Lucas 
were chose Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing. 

Cap* Martin Gay 

M r John Skinner 
were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing. 

Coll Joseph Jackson 

Coll John Leveret 

M r John Sweetser 

were chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, & they are 
desired and empowered to give all needful direction to the Keeper 
of the Granary respecting the quantity of Grain to be sold, and 
affixing the price thereof from time to time as occasion shall re- 
quire ; And the said Committee are desired and directed to 
cause all the Grain belonging to the Town to be ground at 
the New Mills near the Mill Bridge, now occupied by M r George 
Leonard 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1773. 115 

The Selectmen 
chosen Surveyors of the High Ways for the Year ensuing 



Votes, for a County Treasurer, brought in & being sealed up in 
Town Meeting, were delivered to M r Constable Bennet, for him to 
deliver to the Court of Sessions 

[413.] The Selectmen Reported on the Accomptof M r Benja- 
min Fenno Keeper of the Granary for the Year past, which Ac- 
compt as enter'd in his Books (and on file in the Town Clerks 
Office) was read whereupon it was Voted, that the same be 
accepted and that M r Fenno be accountable to the Town for 70. 
Bushels of Corn, and 16 ditto of Rye amounting to 18 ,, 5 ,, 4. 
and also for the sum of 185 ,, 19 ,, 3 Cash now in his hands 
exclusive of the Sum of 32 ,, 13 ,, 4. for his Salary and attend- 
ance as charged in his Account, which is hereby allowed him 

The Committee appointed to consider of the expediency of 
fixing Lamps in this Town having met several times and taken 
the same into consideration beg leave to Report That for the 
convenience and safety of the Inhabitants and their Property it 
would be adviseahle for the Town to have 300 Street Lamps fixt 
in commodious places to be hereafter determined 

The Committee Judge, that each Lamp with the charge of 
Erecting the same will cost about thirty Shillings 

That the Annual consumption of Oyle will be about 10 Gallons 
to a Lamp, which at the present price of Oyle, with the Wick 
Yarn attendance and repairs, will cost about thirty six Shil- 
lings 

As to ways and means for defreying the charge it is recom- 
mended to the Town to appoint a Committee to procure Subscrip- 
tions for the first cost of the Lamps, if this should meet with due 
encouragement : It is recommended that an application be made 
to the General Court for a Law obliging the Inhabitants of this 
Town to pay a certain yearly rate for every Wheel Carriage they 
own, and impowering the Town Treasurer to receive of every In- 
holder and Retailer of Spirituous Liquors and Vendue Masters a 
certain sum when they renew their Licenses [414.] From these 
Funds it is imagined the Expence may be defreyed All 

which is submitted 

JOHN ROWE <g Order. 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered the 
Question was put "Whether the same shall be accepted" 
Passed in the Affermative 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that - - - 
M r . James Richardson 
M r . Edward Payde 
M r . Daniel Hubbard 
M r . Caleb Davis 
M r . Robert Peirpoint 
M r . William Bant 
M r . Philip Dumaresque 



116 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

M r . Henry Hill 

M r . Peter Johonnot 

M r . John Ballard 

Cap 1 . William Mackay 

Cap*. John Bradford 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to procure Subscriptions 
for the first cost of the Lamps. 

Upon a Motion made Voted, that 

The Representatives of the Town & 
The Gentlemen the Selectmen 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to make application to 
the General Court for a law obliging the Inhabitants of this Town 
to pay a certain Yearly rate for every Wheel Carriage they own, 
and impowering the Town Treasurer to receive of every Inholder 
and Retailer of Spirituous Liquors and Vendue Masters, a [4:15.] 
Certain Sum when they 1'eceive their Licenses, as a Fund to sup- 
port the Expence of keeping and supplying three hundred Lamps 

in this Town 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven Assessors, and 
upon sorting them it appeared, that 

M r . John Kneehind 

M r . Benjamin Church 

Belcher Noyes Esq. 

M r . Daniel Pecker 

M r . Jonathan Brown 

Gyles Harris Esq. 

Cap'. Samuel Downe 
were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that the Town Treas- 
urer be and he hereby is impowered and directed to borrow on In- 
terest a Sum not exceeding Four hundred pounds lawful Money 
for the use of the Overseers of the Poor, to purchase Grain & c . 
for the Almshouse 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that the Town Treas- 
urer be and he hereby is directed and impower'd to give his nego- 
tiable Notes upon Interest to such of the Overseers of the Poor, 
as are in advance for the relief of the Town, for such sums as ap- 
pear to be due them respectively upon the Auditing of their Ac- 
counts to the present Month. 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are impowered and directed 
to set for Abatement of such Taxes as they shall Judge reasonable on 
every Wednesday untill the last Wednesday in April inclusive and 
no longer fiving that they be allowed to set the two last Weeks in 
November, for the [4:16.] Abatement of the Taxes of such Per- 
sons as had not an opportunity of applying the above limitted time 
by reason of their being out of the Province ; at which Time They 
are also allowed and impower'd to abate the Taxes of such Per- 
sons as may have died Insolvent between the said last Wednesday 
in April and the last Day of November. 

The Petition of a number of the Inhabitants " that Hog Alley 
may be disposed of or some method taken to carry off the filth 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1773. 117 

and waste Water which greatly incommodes the Abuttors." was 

read and considered, whereupon 

Voted, that Benjamin Kent Esq. 
M r . Robert Peirpoint 
Samuel Swift Esq. 
M r . Thomas Chase 
M r . Thomas Bayler 

be a Committee to consider the Petition view the Premisses and 
examine into the Title of the Town to said Alley, and Report their 

Opinion at the Adjournment 

The Petition of M r . Joseph Russell " that the Town would sell 
him a small peice of the Land, adjoining to his House and Land in 

Queen Street." was read, whereupon 

Voted, that The Selectmen be a Committee to consider the Pe- 
tition, and Report their Opinion at the Adjournment 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesday next. 9. 
O'Clock. A : M : 

Tuesday 9. March, 9 O'Clock Met according to Adjournment. 
[417.] M r . Joseph Loring 

was chosen a Scavinger for Ward N. 6 in the room of M r . Samuel 

Bradstrcet 

Voted, That M r . Edward Payne 

M r . Alexander Hill 

M r . Ezekiel Price 

Thomas Dawes Esq. 

Cap 1 . John Bradford 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit 
the Accompts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries, and the Accompts 
of the Overseers of the Poor, and the said Committee are 
enjoined to inspect every particular Accompt of the Moneys ex- 
pended for the use of the Almshouse ; they are also impowered 
when they shall Audit said Accompts to allow such of the Over- 
seers as shall advance Money for the relief of the Poor, Interest 
on all such sums from the time so advanced, till they shall have 
Audited said Accompts ; And they are also desired to Report from 
time to time a state of the Treasury respecting the Debts and 

Credits, and on any matters that they may think proper. 

Voted, that the Sum of twelve Pence on the pound be & hereby 
is allowed to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of Taxes 
for the Year ensuing, for all such Sums as they shall Collect ; pro- 
vided they pay into the several Treasuries the whole Sum committed 
to them to Collect on or before the tenth Day of August 1774. 
Eight Pence on the Pound on all such other Sums as they shall 
have so paid into said Treasuries on or before the 20. Day of 
December 1774. And four Pence on the Pound upon the remain- 
der of the sums they shall be obliged to Collect, provided such 
remainder shall be fully paid in on or before the second Monday 
in March 1775 This Premium as above expressed appears to be 
Just & equitable & an ample allowance to the Collectors to 
encourage them to [418.] Discharge their duty with diligence and 
fidelity ; provided also that each of said Collectors give Bond with 



118 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

sufficient Sureties to the satisfaction of the Selectmen, for the 
faithful discharge of their duty in said Office ; and complying with 

this Vote 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Four Collectors of 
Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeared, that 
Mess": Edward Holly day 
Abraham Savage 
Benjamin Henderson 
Benjamin Gray 

were chose Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that the consideration of Schoolmasters Salarys and all 
other Salaries and Grants be referred over to next May Meet- 
ing 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants, " that a Watch House 
may be Erected at the Westerly part of the Town and a suitable 
Watch be appointed " was read and considered, whereupon 
Voted, that the Prayer of the Petition be granted and that the 
Selectmen be directed to Erect a Watch-house on some suitable 
place at New Boston, and to appoint a proper Watch for the 

same 

The Petition of Cap 4 Edward Jarvis, " that his tax for the Year 
1760. may be abated him for reasons therein mentioned" was read, 

whereupon 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to take the same into consideration and Report at the 
Adjournment the true state of the matter respecting the Abate- 
ments 

[41 9.] The Petition of M r . Samuel Holbrook Master of the 
Writing School in the Common " that some Relief may be afforded 
him for Reasons set forth in his Petition." was read, whereupon 
Voted, that the Consideration thereof be referred over to May 
Meeting 

The Petition of M r . John Fenno Usher of the aforesaid School 
" that his Salary may be augmented for Reasons therein offered" 
was read, and the consideration thereof referred over to May 

Meeting 

That Article in the Warrant Viz' " Of the Request of a number 
of the Inhabitants to consider what is proper to be done to vindi- 
cate the Town from the gross misrepresentations and groundless 
charges in his Excellencys Messages to both Houses, respecting 
the Proceedings of the Town at their last Meeting " was read 
whereupon 

Voted, that M r . Samuel Adams 
D r . Joseph Warren 
D r . Benjamin Church 
Joseph Greanleaff Esq. 
Samuel Swift. Esq. 
be a Committee to take this Article into Consideration, and Report 

.at the Adjournment 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 

James Otis Esq. 

D r . Thomas Young, see above 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1773. 119 

A proposal of M r . William Whitwell and others was introduced 
and read, and considerable debate had thereon, but as it was not 
inserted in the Warrant for this Meeting, no Motion was made 

thereon 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To know the mind [42O.] 
Of the Inhabitants whether it will not be for the safety & preser- 
vation of the Town, that Pumps be fixed at the Mill Bridge and 
Draw Bridge, or some other places to be used in times of Fire " 
was read whereupon Voted, that 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

M r . William Whitwell 

John Barret Esq. 

John Tuder Esq. 

be a Committee to consider of this matter, and Report at the 
Adjournment 

That Article in the Warrant Viz* " To consider the Request of 
a number of the Inhabitants, that Sea Street may be thoroughly 
repaired," was read, and after some Debate Voted, that 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

Thomas Daws Esq. 

M r . William Whitwell 

M r . John Sweetser 

M r . Robert Peirpoint 

be a Committee to take this Matter into consideration, to enquire 
what the Proprietors on that Street are obliged to do by their 

Grants, and to Report as soon as m:iy be 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants " That a new Street 
may be laid out from the end of Union Street across Friend Street, 
and through the Lands of Cap 4 . Andrews and others, laid waste 
by the late Fire so as to strike upon Sudbury Street " was read, 

whereupon 

Voted that Jonathan Williams Esq. 

M r . Jonathan Mason 

John Tuder Esq. 

Thomas Gray Esq. 

[421.] M r . Henderson Inches 

be a Committee to take the same into consideration, and Report 
at the Adjournment 

That Article in the Warrant Viz*. " To consider the Request 
of the Fire- Wards, that a number of Leather Buckets may be pro- 
vided for each Engine " was read & considered whereupon Voted, 
that the Fire Ward be and they hereb3 r are desired and impowered 

to provide Six Leather Buckets for each Fire Engine 

The Petition of M r . Gowen Brown " That the Clock now placed 
upon the Old South Church Steeple may be purchased for a pub- 
lick Clock " was read, whereupon Voted that 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

M r . Timothy Newell 

M r . John Sweetser 

M r . John Pitts 

Thomas Daws Efcq. 



120 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

be a Committee to take the same into consideration and Report at 
the Adjournment 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesday the 23 d . of 
March Instant 9. O'Clock A: M: And the Meeting was accord- 
ingly Adjourned 

Tuesday the 23 d . of March 9. O'Clock A : M : Town Met ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

M r . Edward Payne chosen a Warden for the Year ensuing, hav- 
ing desired to be excused from serving in that office, as a lameness 
occasioned by a wound received on the [422.] Fifth of March 
1770. rendered him unable to discharge this Duty, he was accord- 
ingly excused by the Town 

The Town brought in their Votes for one Constable and upon 
sorting them it appeared that 

M r . William Todd 
was chosen a Constable for the Year ensuing 

M r . James Richardson chosen one of the Fire-Wards for the 
Year ensuing, having desired to be excused from serving in that 
Office, he was accordingly excused 

M r . James Richardson Chairman of the Committee appointed by 
the Town to procure Subscriptions to the amount of the first cost 
of the Lamps Voted to be purchased being unable to attend the 
Meeting M r . Edward Payne one of said Committee Reported 
" That altho' they were not able to make a full Report they could 
notwithstanding acquaint the Town, that they had proceeded so 
far in the business enjoined them, as now to give it as their opin- 
ion, that they should be able to obtain the Sum wanted for the pur- 
pose aforesaid" whereupon it was Voted, that the consideration 
of the Report of the Committee relative to the Lamps should be 
referred to the next Day 1 1. O'Clock. A : M : 

The Committee appointed to consider the Petition of M r . Joseph 
Russell, "That the Town would sell him a small peice cf the 
Land Adjoining to his House and Land in Queen Street." Re- 
ported as their opinion, that it would not be for the interest of the 
Town to dispose of said Land And the Question being put 
Whether [423.] Said Report shall be accepted Passed in the 
Affermative 

The Assessors of the Town of Boston, a Committee appointed 
to consider the Petition of Cap 1 . Robert Jarvis "That his tax for 
the Year 1760 may be abated him " Reported " That the said Rob- 
ert Jarvis being desired to give his attendance was informed that 
on his application to the Assessors of said Town there had been a 
consideration made him, which he said he never knew of, otherwise 
he should not have applyed to the Town, and according he paid 
the aforesaid tax to M r . Robert Peirpoint the Collector." which 
Report was accepted by the Town 

M r . Samuel Adams acquainted the Moderator, that he was di- 
rected by a Committee of which he was Chairman to make a Re- 
port ; and the same was read as follows. Viz*. 

"The Committee appointed to consider what is proper to be 
done to vindicate the Town from the gross misrepresentations and 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1773. 121 

groundless charges in his Excellencies Messages to both Houses 
of the General Assembly respecting the proceedings of the Town 
at their last Meeting beg leave to Report 

" That having carefully looked over the several speeches of the 
Governor of the Province to the Council and House of Representa- 
tives, in the last Session of the General Assembly, they find that 
his Excellency has plainly insinuated; 

First, that the said Meeting of the Town was illegal in itself 

" Secondly that the points therein determined were [424.] 
Such as the Law gives the Inhabitants of Towns in their Corpo- 
rate capasities no power to act upon, & therefore that the Proceed- 
ings of said Meeting were against Law, And, 

" Thirdly that the Inhabitants thus Assembled advanced and af- 
terwards, published to the World such principles as have a direct 
tendency to alienate the Affections of the People from their Sover- 
eign. And he plainly asserts that " they denied in the most express 
terms the supremicy of Parliament, and invited every other Town 
and District in the Province to adopt the same Principles " 

" We have therefore thought it necessary to recur to the meth- 
ods taken for calling said Meeting And we find that three Petitions 
were preferred to the Selectmen signed by 198 respectable Inhab- 
itants making mention of a Report that then prevailed and which 
since appears to have been well grounded, that Salaries were 
allowed to be paid to the Justices of the Superior Court of the Prov- 
ince by Order of the Crown ; whereby they were to be made to- 
tally independent of the General Assembly and absolutely depend- 
ent on the Crown : And setting forth their apprehensions that 
such an establishment would give a finishing stroke to the system, 
of tyranny already began, and compleat the ruin of the liberties 
of the People. And therefore earnestly requesting the Select- 
men to call a Meeting that this matter might be duly considered by 
the Town, and such measures taken as the necessity and impor- 
tance thereof required. Whereupon the Selectmen issued a Warrant 
for calling a Meeting accordingly: And which was [425.] Strict- 
ly agreable to the Laws of this Province, and the practice of this 
and other Towns from the earliest times 

" By an Act of this Province made in the fourth of William & 
Mary, it is enacted that, " when and so often as there shall be oc- 
casion of a Town Meeting of any business of publick concern- 
ment to the Town there to be done, the Constable or Constables 
of such Town by order of the Selectmen, or the major part of 
them, or the Town Clerk by their order, in each respective Town 
within the Province shall warn a Meeting of such Towns." And 
by another Act made in the 2 d . George I. it is enacted, "that 
when and so often as ten or more of the Freeholders, shall signify 
under their hands to the Selectmen, their desire to have any mat- 
ter or thing inserted into a Warrant for calling a Town Meeting, 
the Selectmen are hereby required to insert the Same in the next 
Warrant they shall issue for the calling a Town Meeting " 

" But were there no such laws of the Province or should our 
Enemies pervert these and other laws made for the same purpose, 
from their plain and obvious intent and meaning, still there ia the 



122 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

great and perpetual law of self preservation, to which every natural 
Person or Corporate Body hath an inherent right to recur. This 
being the law of the Creator, no human law can be of force against 
it : And indeed it is an absurdity to suppose that any such law 
could be made by common consent, which alone gives validity to 
Human laws. If then the "matter or thing" Viz*, the fixing 
Salaries to the Offices of the Judges of the Superior Court as 
aforesaid, was such as threatened the lives, liberties and property s 
of the People which we have the authority of the greatest Assem- 
bly of the Province to affirm ; the Inhabitants of this or any other 
Town, had certainly an uncontrovcrtible right to meet together, 
either in the manner the law has prescribed, or in any other orderly 
manner, Jointly to consult the necessary means of their own 
[426.] Preservation and safety. The Petitioners wisely chose 
the rule of the Province law by applying to the Selectmen for a 
Meeting ; and they as it was their duty to do, followed the same 
rule and called a Meeting accordingly. We are therefore not a 
little surprised, that his Excellency speaking of this and other 
principal Towns, should descend to such an artful use of words ; 
that "a ''number of Inhabitants have assembled together, and hav- 
ing assumed the name of a legal Town Meeting " &c. thereby ap- 
pearing to have a design to lead an inattentive reader to believe, 
that no regard was had to the laws of the Province, in calling 
these Meetings, and consequently to consider them as illegal & 
disorderly 

" The Inhabitants being met and for the purpose aforesaid the 
points determined his Excellency says " were such as the law 
gives the Inhabitants of Towns in their Corporate Capasity no 
power to act upon." It would be a sufficient Justification of the 
Town to say, that no law forbids the Inhabitants of Towns in their 
Corporate capasities to determine such points as were then deter- 
mined. And if there was no positive legal restraint upon their 
conduct it was doing them an essential injury, to represent it to 
the world as illegal. Where the law makes no special provision 
for the common safety, the People have a right to consult their 
own preservation ; and the .necessary means to withstand a most 
dangerous attack of Arbitrary power, At such a time it is but a 
pitiful objection to their thus doing, that the Law has not expressly 
given them a power to act upon such points. This is the very 
language of Tyranny : And when such objections are offered to 
prevent the Peoples Meeting together in a time of publick danger, 
it affords of itself Just grounds of Jealousy, that a plan is laid for 
their Slavery 

[427.] The Town entered upon an enquiry into the Grounds 
of a report, in which the common safety was very greatly inter- 
ested. They made their application to the Governor, a Fellow 
'Citizen as well as the first RJajestrate of the Province : But they 
were informed by his Excellently that " it was by no means proper 
for him " to acquaint them whether he had or had not received any 
advices relating to the publick affairs of the Government of the 
Province" There next determination was to Petition the 
Governor, that the General Assembly might be allowed 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1773. 123 

to meet at the time to which it then stood prorogued : But his 
Excellency refused to grant this request least it should be " en- 
couraging the Inhabitants of other Towns to Assemble," to con- 
sider of the necessity or expediency of a Session of the General 
Assembly." Hithertoo the Town had determined upon no point 
but only that of petitioning the Governor : And will his Excel- 
lency or any one else affirm, that the Inhabitants of this or any 
other Town, have not a right in their Corporate capasity to peti- 
tion for a Session of the General Assefnbly, merely because the 
law of this Province, that authorizes Towns to Assemble does not 
expressly make that the business of a Town Meeting. 

It is the declaration of the Bill of Rights founded in reason 
that it is the right of the Subject to Petition the King : And it 
appears in his Excellence's answer, that the Inhabitants of this 
Town were in effect denied in one instance at least the right of 
petitioning his Majestys Representative. Which was the more 
grievous to them, because the prayer of their petition was nothing 
more, than that the General Assembly might have the opportunity 
of enquiring of the Governor into the grounds of the report of 
an intollerable grievance which his Excellency had before strongly 
intimated to them, it was not in his power to inform them o/, 
" consistent with fidelity to the trust which his Majesty had re- 
posed in him " 

[428.] " We have been the more particular in reciting the 
transactions of that Meeting thus far, in order that the propriety 
and necessity of the further proceedings of the same Meeting may 
appear in a true point of light 

" His Excellency having thus frowned upon the reasonable Peti- 
tions of the Town ; and they having the strongest apprehensions, 
that in addition to or rather in consequence of other Grievances 
not redressed, a mortal wound would very soon be given to the 
Civil Constitution of the Province and having no assurance of 
the timely interposition of the General Assembly, to whose wisdom 
they wore earnestly solicitous to refer the whole matter ; the Town 
thought it expedient to state as far as they were able the Rights 
of the Colonists, and of this Province, to enumerate the infringe- 
ments on those Rights, and in a Circular Letter to each of the 
Towns and Districts in the Province to submit the same to their 
consideration : That the Subject might be weighed as its impor- 
tance required, and the collected wisdom of the whole People as 
far as possible obtained. At the same time not " calling upon " 
those Towns and Districts, " to adopt their principles" as his Ex- 
cellency in one of his Speeches 'afferms ; but only in forming them that 
" a free communication of their sentiments to this Town of our 
common danger, was earnestly solicited and would be gratefully 
received. We may Justly affirm that the Town had a right at that 
Meeting to communicate their sentiments of matters which so 
nearly concerned the publick liberty and consequently their own 
preservation. They were matters to use the words of the Province 
Law of "publick concernment" to this and every other Town, 
and every Individual in the Province : Any attempt therefore to 
obstruct the channel of publick [429.] Intelligence in this way, 



124 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

argues in our opinion a design to keep the People in ignorance of 
their danger, that they may be the more easily and speedily in- 
slaved 

It is notorious to all the "World, that the liberties of this Conti- 
nent and especially of this Province have been systematically, and 
successfully invaded from step to step. It is not then to say 
the least, Justifiable in any Towns as being part of the great ivhole, 
when the last effort of Tyranny is about to be made, to spread 
the earliest notice of it far and wide, and hold up the iniquitous 
System in full view. It is a great satisfaction to us, that so 
many of the respectable Towns in the Province, and we may add 
Gentlemen of figure in other Colonies, have expressed and con- 
tinue to express themselves much pleased with the measure : 
And we encourage ourselves, that from the manifest discovery of 
an union of sentiments, in this Province, which has been one 
happy fruit of it, there will be the united efforts of the whole in 
all constitutional and proper methods to prevent the entire ruin of 
our liberties 

" His Excellency is pleased to say in one of his Speeches that 
the Town have " denied in the most express terms the Supremicy 
of Parliament" It is fortunate for the Town, that they made 
choice of the very mode of expression which the present House 
of Representatives in their wisdom made use of in settling the 
matters of controversy between the Governor and them. And 
after what they have advanced upon the Subject, it appears to us 
impossible to be shown that the Parliament of Great Britain can 
exercise the " power of legislation for the Colonists in all cases 
whatever," consistently with the right that belongs to the Colo- 
nists as Men, as Christians & as Subjects ; or without destro3'ing 
the foundation of their own Constitution [43O.] If the assertion 
that the Parliament hath no right to exercise a power in cases 
where it is plain they have no right, hath a direct tendency to 
alienate the affections of the People from their Sovereign, be- 
cause he is a constituent part of that Parliament which seems to 
be his Excellencies manner of reasoning, it follows as we conceive 
that there must never be a complaint of any assumption of power 
in the Parliament, or petition for repeal of any law made repug- 
nant to the Constitution least it should tend to alienate the affec- 
tions of the People from their Sovereign. But we have a better 
opinion of our fellow Subjects then to concede to such conclu- 
sions. We are assured they can clearly see that a mistake in prin- 
ciple may be consistent with integrity of heart ; & for our parts 
we shall ever be inclined to attribute the Grievances of various 
kinds which his Majest3"s American Subjects have so long suf- 
fered, to the weakness or wickedness of his Ministers and Ser- 
vants, and not to any disposition in him to injure them. And we 
yet perswade ourselves that could the Petitions of his much ag- 
grieved Subjects be transmitted to his Majesty, through the hands 
of an honest impartial Minister, we should not fail of ample Re- 
dress 

" His Excellencys Argument seems to us to be rather strained, 
when he is attempting to shew that we have " invited every other 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1773. 125 

Town and District to adopt our Principles." It is this the Town 
says "if it should be the general voice of the Province, that the 
Rights as stated do not belong to them (trusting however that this 
cannot be the case) they shall lament the extinction of ardour of 
Civil & Religeous liberty ; therefore says his Excellency, the Town 
invited to a< iopt their principles ! Could it possibly be supposed 
that when his Excellency had declared to the whole Province, that 
[431.] We had invited every other Town and District in this 
Province to adopt the same principles, he intended to avail him- 
self of such nn explanation ! Much the same way of reasoning 
follows Tho' it would not be to the reputation of the other 
Towns if it should h:ive any weight.) That because their conse- 
quent doings were similar to those of this Town, therefore they 
understood y'. they were invited to a- 1 opt the same principles, and 
therefore they were thus invited to adopt them. 

Upon the whole there can be no room to doubt, but that every 
Town which has thought it expedient to Correspond with this on 
the occasion, have acted their o-un Judgement & expressed their 
jicn sentiments & principles : It is an unspeakable satisfaction to 
Ua, that their sentiments so nearly accord with ours ; and it adds 
a dignity to our proceedings, that when the House of Representa- 
tives were called upon by the Governor to bear their testimony 
against them, as of a " dangerous nature & tendency they sa\f 
reason to declare " that they had not discovered that the Prin- 
ciples advanced by the Town of Boston were unwarrantable by 
the Constitution 

The foregoing Report was accepted by the Town nemine contra- 
dicente. zmd Ordered to be Recorded on the Towns Book, as the 
sense of the Inhabitants of this Town 

Voted, that the said Report be printed in the several News 
Papers, and that the Committee of Correspondence be directed to 
transmit a printed Copy thereof to such Towns and Districts as 
they have or may Correspond with 

The Committee appointed to consider the Petition of a number 
of Inhabitants "that Hog Alley may be disposed of or some meth- 
od taken to carry off the filth and waste Wster which greatly 
incommodes the Abutters " to view the Premisses and te exam- 
ine into the Title of the Town to said Alley and to Report 
At the Adjournment gave in the following Report 

That in pursuance of their trust they have viewed Hog Alley, 
and the Land Adjoining and near the same, and find that said 
Alley now is and many years past has been a great Nusance to 
the Abutters and many others ; the Committee also find that it 
has been occasioned by the alteration of the old natural course 
of the Water which used to run from Beacon Hill down to the Gate 
entering into the Common a little below Sheriff Greanleaff's 
Garden, or near to it, and that from thence there was a large 
Water course running down and terminating in a Pond which 
bears near South of Frog Pond. 

The Committee further Report that on the 22 d . of September 
1701 . the Selectmen were impowored to affix & assign Names to the 
several Streets And Lanes in this Town, and on the Spring of the 



126 CITT DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Year 1708. having taken such Account Hog Alley is mentioned 
among the rest and by the Town Recorded but we do not find that 
Hog Alley was ever given or sold to the Town or any wise claimed 
by the Town or as a Town way ; for in the Year 1702 there was 
no such Alley, and one Durant then sold to Thomas Blin (under 
whom Mess". Brimmers Claim) a p'cll of Land part of said 
Durants Pasture lying to the North of his Message called the 
Lamb and bounds his Grant Southerly upon his own Land from 
Newbury Street to the Common we also find that the strip of 
Land called Hog Alley was left out of said Blins own Land (as we 
suppose for his own convenience) and that that Alley way was 
left out as aforesaid between the Years 1702 & 1708. so that the 
Committee are further of opinion that the only proper as well as 
the cheapest way to carry the Water from against Winter Street to 
the said Gate or near it, is to continue the paved Gutt -r next the 
Mall opposite ta Winter Street down to or near the Gate aforesaid, 
and there to conduct [433.] The Water under a Stone Bridge 
three feet wide across the Mall and thereby the Water will be 
carried off in its former natural course into the Pond aforesaid the 
which heretofore being obstructed, has occasioned the nusance 
aforesaid and also has very much hurt and injured the Towns 
Land by the School house, which has rendred the Road along there 
frequently almost impossible : We are also of opinion that the fee 
of Hog Alley is in Mess". Brimmers, and who as they will be 
accomodate.d by the Removal of the Fence North of said Alley are 
willing to lay as much Gravel as will to all intents prevent any 
inconvenience to those who hold under Durant or any of the Vicin- 
ity there and which will ever preserve the Mali iiitire and prevent 

further charge 

BENJAMIN KENT p. Order. 

The aforegoing Report having been read and debate had there- 
on, A Motion was made that said Report be recommitted, which 
did not obtain, the Question being then put Whether the 
Report shall be accepted Passed in the Affermative 

M r . John Coply chosen a Warden for the Year ensuing, having 
acquainted the Town that he was about leaving the Province for 
some time ; and desiring to be excused he was accordingly 
excused 

The Town brought in their Votes for two Wardens and upon 

sorting them, it appeared that 

Mess rs . Joshua Green ------ (excused) 

Andrew Black 
were chose Wardens for the ensuing Year - - - - 

see Page 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be 
given M r . James Richardson for his good services as a Fire- Ward, 
several Years past 

[434.] The Town brought in their Votes for one Fire Ward in 
the room of M r . James Richardson, who had resigned and upon 
sorting them it appeared that 

M r . John Coffin 
was chosen a Fire- Ward for the ensuing Year 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1773. 127 

The Committee appointed to consider, "Whether it will not be 
more for the safety and preservation of the Town, that Pumps be 
fixed at the Mill Bridge or some other places to be used in times of 
Fire " now Report 

That they have attended that service and are unanimously of 
opinion, that it will tend greatly for the preservation of the 
Towns & safety in a time of Fire to have two Pumps fixed at the 
Mill bridge, one on each side and two at the Draw bridge in the 
same manner. The Committee having viewed said Bridges & the 
Mill Creek find very convenient places where said Pumps may be 
fixed, without any inconvenience to the Inhabitants, or to Car- 
riages passing over said Bridges one of which the Committee pro- 
pose shall be in the House or Shed lately erected at the Mill 
Bridge for the new Engine given to the Town by the Hon ble . John 
Hancock Esq. 

The Committee have also procured an estimate of the expence 
that will arise if the Town shall think proper to have said Pumps, 
and it will be about Seven Pounds lawful Money for each Pump, 
the whole charges of the Pump maker, Blacksmiths and Carpen- 
ters being included in this sum 

The Committee also Report that they Judge it necessary, another 
Pump about midway between the 1. Bridge on the Southwest 
side of the Creek should be fixed, as there are a great number of 
large Wooden [435.] Houses and Buildings in that Neighbour- 
hood, & few of them have Wells and Pumps, and in case of a 
Fire thereabouts the chief supply of Water must be from the Creek, 
and if a Pump should be fixed there, it would prevent great dis- 
truction in a time of Fire, and this the Committee would recom- 
mend provided the Inhabitants and Proprietors of Houses who are 
near will at their own Expeuce fill up and keep in Repair the 
Passage Way belonging to the Town that leads to the place where 
this Pump is proposed to be fixed 



All which is submitted in the name of the Committee 



E. GOLDTHWAIT. 

The foregoing Report having been read & considered it was 
Voted, the same be accepted, and that the Selectmen be directed 
to procure Pumps and fix them at the Places mentioned in the Re- 
port as soon as may be 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Wednesday the 24. In- 
stant 11. U'Clock A: M: 

Wednesday March 24 inst 1 1 O'Clock A. M : Met according 

to Adjournment 

M r . Benjamin Hammett 

was chosen a Clerk of the Market for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for two Wardens and upon 
sorting them it appeared, that 

M r . Samuel Allen Ottis 
Cap'. John Pulling 

were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing 

[436.] A Motion made and seconded, that the two Votes 
passed the 8. of March Instant so far as they respect " the ways 



128 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

and means for defreying the charge of keeping and supplying the 
Lamps," the Town have ordered to be purchased ; also the ap- 
pointing a Committee to " make application to the General Court 
for a Law obliging the Inhabitants of this Town to pay a certain 
yearly Rate for every Wheel Carriage they own, and impowering 
the Town Treasurer to receive of every Inholder and Retailer of 
Spirituous Liquors and Vendue Masters a certain Sum when they 
receive their Licenses as a Friend to support the Expence of keep- 
ing and supplying three hundred Lamps in this Town," be recon- 
sidered, and the Question being accordingly put Passed in the 
Affermative also 

Voted, that the Expence of keeping & supplying three hundred 
Lamps or any further number shall be defreyed by a general Tax 

on the Inhabitants of this Town 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 

John Rowe Esq. 

M r . Ebenezer Storer 

M r . Henderson Inches 

William Phillips Esq. 

Benjamin Austin Esq. 

M r . Nathaniel Appleton 

be a Committee to consider of some proper regulations for the se- 
curity of Lamps th.it are to be placed in this Town, and to Report 
the same at the next Meeting, as also their Opinion relative to the 
fashion, purchase placing and lighting said Lamps, and every 
other [437. J Thing they may think necessary to be done upon this 

matter see Page 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, that 

M r . James Richardson 

M r . P^dward Payne 

M r . Daniel Hubbard 

Deacon Caleb Davis 

M r . Robert Peirpoint 

M r . William Bant 

M r . Philip Dumeresque 

M r . Henry Hill 

M r . Peter Johonnot 

M r . John Ballard 

Cap'. William Mackay 

Cap'. John Bradford 

A Committee appointed the 8 th . Instant to procure Subscriptions 
of the Inhabitants for such Sums as may be thought necessary to 
defrey the first cost of the Lamps, Voted by the Town, be desired 

to Collect the Monys subscribed for as soon as possible 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



[438.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 5. 
Day of May 1773 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Samuel Mather 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1773. 129 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Sundry Laws ------------- read 

M r . Timothy Newell one of the Selectmen proposed in their 
Names to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the choice of 
one or more Persons to Represent them in the Great and General 
Court or Assembly to be held at the Town House in Boston upon 
Wednesday the 26. Day of May Current, and in order thereto to 
consider and ascertain the number of Gentlemen to be Elected ; 
Accordingly it was Voted, to proceed to the choice of Four Repre- 
sentatives and then it was declared by the Selectmen, that no Votes 
will be received but such as are unfolded ; and that they propose 

the Poll shall be closed at 12. O'Clock 

The Town brought in their Votes for Four Representatives, the 

Number of the same was found to be 419, and upon sorting them 

it appeared, that the Four following Gentlemen were chosen Viz'. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. - - - - 418 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. - - - - - 417 

M r Samuel Adams - - 413 

William Phillips Esq. 416 

f439.] The choice of Representatives being .over, and declared 
by the Selectmen, the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and 
bring in their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting in order that 
Town may proceed in transacting the other affairs mentioned in the 
Warrant : Accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew and brought in 
their Votes & upon sorting them it appeared that the Hon ble . 
Thomas Gushing Esq. was chosen ; but the Town being soon, in- 
formed by the Constable sent to M r . Gushing, that he was gone 
out of Town, they proceeded to bring in their Votes for another, 
Moderator as directed by the Selectmen, and upon sorting them 
it appeared that M r . Samuel Adams Esq. was chosen 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'. "Whether the Town will 
give Instructions to the Representatives that may be chosen," 
was read, whereupon Voted, that the Town will give Instructions 

to their Representatives also Voted, that 

Dr. Joseph Warren 
D r . Benjamin Church 
Joseph Greanleaff Esq. 
M r . Nathaniel Appleton 

M r William Cooper 

be a Committee to prepare Instructions for our Representatives in 
General Assembly, and to Report if they are able at 5. O'Clock in 

the Evening 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P : M : 

3 O'Clock Met according to Adjournment 

[44O.] To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Boston 
in Town Meeting Assembled May 5. 1773 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their annual Meet- 
ing the 6 th . Day of Mav last, desiring the Selectmen to Visit the 
Publick Schools in the Town and to Invite such Gentlemen to ac- 
company them therein as they shall think proper, and to Report 
thereon 



130 CITY DOCUMENT Xo. 91. 

We the Subscribers accordingly attended that service on the 
1 st Day of July last, and the following Gentlemen were invited to 

accompany us therein Viz*. 

The Hon ble John Irving Esq. 

James Bowdoin Esq. 

Thomas Hubbard Esq. 

Harrison Gray Esq. 

James Pitts Esq. 
The Representatives of the Town 
The Overseers of the Poor 
The Town Treasurer 
The Rev d Charles Chauncey D: D: 

Mather Byles D: D: 

Andrew Eliot - D: D: 

Ebenezer Pemberton - - - - D: D: 

Samuel Cooper - - - - - - D: D: 

Samuel Mather 

John Hunt 

John Bacon 

John Lothrop 

Simeon Howard 
Searl 

Penuel Bowen 

M r William Powell 

Maj r Nathaniel Barbour 
[4:41.] M r . Nathaniel Appleton 

M r . John Sweetser 

M r . Thomas Brattle 

M r . William Dennie 

Byfield Lyde Esq. 

M r . John Amory 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 

M r . Henderson Inches 

M r . Jonathan Mason 

M r . Ebenezer Storer 

Samuel Pemberton Esq. 

Cap 1 . Martin Gay 

Coll . John Erving 

Thomas Daws Esq. 

M r . Joshua Blanchard 

M r . Thomas Lever it 

Maj r . Adino Paddock 

Coll . William Coffin 

M r . John Joy 

Joseph Scott Esq. 

James Otis Esq. 

Joshua Wiuslow Esq. from Nova Scotia 

Thomas Boylston Esq. 

Thomas Alwin Esq. 

M r . Tuttle Hubbard 

M r . Carson | . co n v 
T*> T j i from S. Carolina 
M r . Ludson 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1773. 131 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

M r . John Mieo Wendell 

M r . Thomas Amory 

M r . John Greanleaff 

M r . Nathaniel Allen of Cape Ann 

Edmund Quincy Esq. 

D r . Joseph Warren 

M r . William Mollineux 

M r . Ebenezer Hancock 

[442.] And found the South Grammar School had 130 Schol- 
ars the North Grammar School 59 Scholars ; the South Writing 
School 220 Scholars ; the North Writing School 250 Scholars ; the 
Writing School in Queen Street 2C4 Scholars, all in very good 

order 

JOHN SCOLLAY 
TIMOTHY NEWELL 
THOMAS MARSHALL 
SAMUEL AUSTIN 

M r . Elias Parkman 

was chosen a Clerk of the Market for the Year ensuing. 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'. ''To consider whether any 
further directions are necessary to be given M r . Treasurer Jeffries, 
relative to the Money borrowed of the Town some time since by 
the Managers of the Linen Manufactory Company " was read 

and after debate had thereon Motioned 

That the Selectmen be im powered to receive of the Linen Man- 
ufactory Company, the Money now in the hands of Ezekiel Gold- 
thwait Esq. Executor of the late Middlecott Cook Esq. who was 
Clerk of said Company, & is the balance remaining due ; as also 
all the Utensils & Articles that now remains in the hands of the 
Company and upon this being done to give them a discharge 
the Question being accordingly put passed in the Negative 

It was then moved and Voted, that the Town Treasurer be di- 
rected to put the Compauys Obligation for Moneys lent them by 
the Town, in Suit, immediately, as twenty Years have near expired 
since the Note was given also Voted, that 

M r . Samuel Adams 

William Phillips Esq. 
[443.] M r . William Mollineux 

M r . William Greanleaff 

M r . Moses Gill 

be a Committee to examine the Books of the late Manufactory 
Company so called, they consenting thereto, and to ascertain the 
amount of Stock in their hands when the Company discontinued 
the Manufactory ; and also to take an Account of the Utensils then 
in their possession, and the value of the same and to Report as 

soon as may be 

The Committee appointed to prepare Instructions for the Repre- 
sentatives, Reported the following Draught 

To the Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 



132 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

William Phillips Esq. 

Representatives for the Town of Boston 

Gentlemen 

By the renewed Suffrages of your Brethren of this 
Town, you are once more called upon to Represent them in the 
General Assembly : The unanimity so conspicuous in your Elec- 
tion at this important Juncture affords the strongest Testimony of 
the confidence the People repose in your approved Abilities, and 
inflexible Attachment to their Constitutional Rights. 

Your Constituents have beheld with indignation that purposed 
neglect and insolent contempt with which the Representative Body 
of this People have been regarded by Administration. A total 
inattention to the privileges of the Commons in America has dis- 
graced almost every transaction, that materially effected the Colo- 
nies : [444.] A clandestine, capricious and distinctive mode of Gov- 
ernment, couch'd under the specious umbrage of Instructions from 
Majesty, has been uniformly adopted and wantonly exorcised for 
several Years past, thereby rendering the Assemblys of Commons 
throughout the Colonies, mere Cyphers in the Constitution : For 
this reason Gentlvm?n, we were almost discouraged from renewing 
the choice of Members, as ineffectual for the several purposes for 
which they were originally ordain'd; but still retaining respect to 
that good and orderly Government, which has ever distinguished 
this Metropolis ; agreeable to the Charter, which on our parts re- 
mains inviolate, we once more recommend the important concerns 
of this aggrieved People, to your vigilance, wisdom and integrity ; 
in confidence that you will regard with Jealousy, y^ur own consti- 
tutional power & importance of which the honor and wellfare of 
this People, should render you extremely tenacious ; that you will 
vigorously oppose any incroachments on your ancient privileges 
and never will betray your Constituents, by surrendering those 
powers of framing Laws & Taxes for the People to an}- Usurper 
under Heaven 

The Constitutional mode by which Legislation & Taxation are 
conducted in Great Britain, being nothing more or less than the 
exercise of the power of the People by their Representatives : 
This form of Goverment is extended by sacred compact to the 
English Dominions in America, therefore the Privileges and Powers 
of the Commons of this Colony respecting Legislation and Tax- 
ation are to all intents and purposes, as full express and uncou- 
troulable within the Colony as those usually exercised by the Com- 
mons of Great Britain within the R aim and alike subjected 
[445.] To the Revision of the King: These Powers and Privi- 
leges were secured to our Ancestors, by solem Covenant between 
them, and the King of England, and perpetuated by their Charter 
to their latest Posterity : From the free and full enjoyment of 
these original Rights of English Subjects, we are determined never 
to recede ; and altho' they have been repeatedly and daringly in- 
vaded, the hand of Oppression shall never induce us to relinquish 
our title to freedom : We still perceive with indignation that the 
Governmental powers of Legislation & Taxation by Arbitrary claim 
are assumed, and vigorously exercised by thosa who by their local 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1773. 133 

situation can have no adequate knowledge of our circumstances, 
no kindred feelings in our distresses, and when swayed by a cor- 
rupt influence, may impoverish weaken and iuslave us 

To the numberless grievances flowing from this iniquitous 
source, which we have already frequently and fruitlessly complained 
of, we may Justly add a s!ipendary Soldierly stationed and con- 
tinued in the chief Fortress in the Metropolis of this Colonie by 
the inexorable Enemies to our free Constitution : Standing Armies 
have forever made Shipwreck of Free States and no People Jealous 
of their liberties ever patiently suffered Mercenary Troops to 
be quarter'd & maintained within their Populous Cities ; the Mili- 
tia of tho Colony are its natural and best defence ; and it is an ap- 
proved maxim in all well policed States, that the Sword should 
never be intrusted but to those who combat pro aris etfacis; and 
whose interest it is to preserve the publick peace. We cannot 
therefore but resent those Standing Troops within our Capital 
Cities, as the appointed Executioners of Tyranny, and prepared 
Instruments to massacre the defenceless Citizens, at ihe nod of 
any Master who [446.] May have Authority to appoint or dis- 
charge, reward or punish them 

Thus armed with Brutal force the Enemies of our freedom perse- 
vere with alacrity, to compleat their infernal plan of enslaving 
America ; the above atrocious violations of Right, Justice and 
the Constitution are succeeded by the pensioning our Governor 
the Justices of the Superior Court &. which in effect is bribing 
them on the side of Despotism : Those who by their several Offices 
should be the Asylum of publick security & liberty, are no longer 
the objects of confidence and regard with the People : \ve cannot 
but esteem them as subordinate Tyrants intrusted with a Rod to 
scourge us, and suppress that spirit of freedom which is the glo- 
rious characteristic of America. While they are thus purchased 
with ample Salaries extorted from the Colonies by Great Britain, 
we must be Jealous of a corrupt influence, when ever an Arbitrary 
measure of Goverment is to be carried, or a Claim of Right sub- 
jected to the Division of our Courts of Justice 

We shall not recapitulate the black Catalogue of abuses which 
the Colonies have been subjected to for several years past ; that 
we have suffered t.h?m so long is disgraceful to us : But we 
cannot pass over in silence the late extraordinary and formidable 
innovation in constituting an Arbitrary Court of Inquisition, 
which has lately assumed Jurisdiction within our Sister Colony of 
Rhode Island, in direct violation of all law and Justice ; who ar- 
rogate the enormous power to transport supposed Offenders to a 
remote Kingdom, to be capitally arraigned for offences committed 
within that Colony. Agreable to the [447.] Constitution of the 
Colonies, said Court in the exercise of such extravagant powers, 
are to be held in the same contempt and detestation, with a Ban- 
ditti of Slaoe Makers on the Cjast of Affrica. We therefore 
expect you make due enquir} 7 into a Measure so truly alarming & 
protest against every exertion of lawless power, which threatens 
the ruin of the Colonies 

Harrassed and provoked by such repeated abuses of power, we 



134 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

esteem it our indispensible duty to demand redress ; to your Wis- 
dom and your fortitude we commit ourselves not doubting you 
will readily pursue such measures as have a tendency to relieve us 
in the most easy and effectual manner ; for this purpose we recom- 
mend to your most serious consideration whether an application to 
the English Colonies on this Continent correspondent to the plan 
proposed by our noble patriolicJe Sister Colony of Virginia (which 
in our opinion is a wise and salutary proposal) will not secure 
our threatned liberties, and restore that mutual harmony and con- 
fidence between the British Nation & the English Colonies, so im- 
portant to both especially the former, which if rescinded from her 
Connections with this Continent, must naturally fall a prey to her 
numerous & Jealous Neighbours. We have likewise the most san- 
guine expectations thiit a Union of Councils and Conduct among 
the Colonies will assuredly by the smiles of Heaven fix our Rights 
on such a solid basis, as may intimidate our implacable Enemies 
from any further attempts to invade them 

The aforegoing Report having been read & considered & the 
Question put Whether the same shall be accepted & [448.] 
Be the Instructions to our Representatives It was Voted, unani- 
mously that said Report be accepted, and printed in the several 
News Papers 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants "That Kilby Street 
leading out of King Street, may be paved " was read and con- 
sidered, and the Question put Whether the Town will pay One 
third part of the Charges whenever the Abutters are ready to pay 
the other two third part of the expence of paving said Street 
Passed in the Affermative 

The Petition of a Number of Inhabitants, " that some proper 
methods may be devised and executed for paving, or otherwise 
effectually raising & repairing South Street, was read and consid- 
ered, whereupon Voted, that said Petition be dismiss'd 

The Petition of John Erving Esq. & others, " That the Street 
known by the Name of Pleasant Street may be accepted of, and 
Recorded as a Town Street, the present A but!ers consenting 
thereto, "was read and considered And the Question put 
Whether the prayer of the Petition shall be granted, and said 
Street accepted as a Town Street, and Recorded by the Name of 
Pleasant Street Passed in the Affermative 

The Petition of M r . Samuel Ilolbrook Writing Master of the 
South School, which was referred over to this Meeting for con- 
sideration was read ; and after some debate it was Voted, that 
the same shall be considered at the Adjournment 

[449.] Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesday 
next 3. O'Clock P: M: and the Meeting was accordingly Ad- 
journed 

Tuesda} r May 11 3. O'Clock P: M: Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

The Committee appointed to examine the Accompts of M r . 
David Jeffries Town Treasurer, have attended that service and 
find the same right cast, and well vouched in which he Charges 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1773. 135 

himself with sundry Fines Rents and other Incomes of the Town ; 
as also with the Tax of 6500 all of which amounts to the sum 
of 13299 ,, 5 ,, OJ including the balance of Old Accompt 

And the said Treasurer discharges himself by sundry Abate- 
ments made the Collectors amounting to 1045 ,, 13 ,, 7 ,, by 
Drafts made by the Selectmen amounting to 2952 ,, 5 ,, l of 
which he has paid 2759 ,, 12 ,, 8 And by Drafts made by the 
Overseers of the Poor, which contain the Charges of the Alms- 
house, amounting to 3355 ,, 5 ,,11. of which he has paid 
25^ ,, 8 ,, 1. Also by sundry Sums paid for Interest amounting 
to 444 ,, 9 ,, 2, the whole amounting to 7797 ,, 13 ,, 9 

The said Committee have inspected said Drafts in a very par- 
ticular manner, and have examined the Vouchers produced by the 
Overseers of the Poor for the amount of their Drafts, in a very 
particular manner and every other branch of Public charge 
amounting in all as above to Seven thousand & seven hundred 
& ninety seven Pounds thirteen Shillings, and nine Pence half 
Penny [4:5O,] As by Account of Town Treasury in Town Treas- 
urers Books; Balance whereof being 5501 ,, 11 ,, 3. is carried 
to the Credit of New Accompt 

Which Report and Accompt being read, Voted, that the same 
be and hereby is accepted 

A Motion was made to refer the Grant of Moneys for Town 
Charges to an Adjournment, and that Notifications be issued for 
that purpose And the Question being put Passed in the 
Negative 

Voted, that the Sum of Seven Thousand Pounds be raised by a 
Tax upon Polls and Estates within this Town for Relief of the 
Poor, and defraying other necessary Charges arising within the 
Town the ensuing Year 

Committee relative to Manufactory Company having Reported ; 
a Motion was made that the Report be accepted, and that the 
remaining part of the Committee of that Company doing and com- 
plying with what is expressed in the Committees Report, shall be 
discharged by the Town from any demand the Town have upon 
them ; but this Motion being withdrawn it was then moved and 

Voted, that the further Consideration of this affair be referred 
over to the Adjournment of this Meeting ; if there should be an 
Adjournment ; otherwise to the next Town Meeting ; and that the 
Committee be desired to make further enquiry, and Report as 
soon as may be 

The Committee appointed to consider of some [451.] Proper 
Regulations for the security of the Lamps that are to be Erected 
in this Town, as also their Opinion of the fashion & c . beg leave to 
Report and recommend to the Town That a Committee be 
appointed to apply to the General Court as soon as may be for an 
Act impowering the Town to Erect, support and defend the 
Lamps, and to make such regulations as they shall think proper 
for the same 

The Committee are of opinion that white Globe Lamps will 
answer better that Square ones, being cheaper in the first cost, 
yeilding a better light, and less liable to be out of order 



136 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

As there is no doubt the General Court will readily comply with 
our reasonable request in making such Laws as shall be necessary, 
therefore recommend that the Committee appointed to Collect the 
Money subscribed by the Inhabitants be desired to compleat the 
same as soon as may be & deposite tbe same in the Town Treas- 
ury, ready for the order of the Committee, that may be appointed 
to purchase the Lamps and Erect them. If the Mone} 7 should be 
Collected soon its supposed the Lamps may be light next Fall 

As the proper placing the Lamps is of great importance for the 
convenience aud elegance of the Town, it is recommended that two 
Persons dwelling in each Ward be chosen to attend the Committee 
when about to fix upon the place of such Lamp All which is 
submitted by order of the Committee 

JOHN HOWE Chairman 

The foregoing Report having been read & considered, the Ques- 
tion was put Whether the same shall be accepted Passed in 
the Affermative 

It was then Voted, that The Representatives of the Town be a 
Committee to apply to the General Court as soou as may be for 
an Act impowering the Town to Erect support & defend the 
Lamps agreed upon, & for such other Regulations as they may 
think proper Also 

[452.] Voted, that the following Persons - - Viz* 

Wards 

M r . Edward Payne - - - - Deacon Jonathan Brown - - 1 

Newman Grenough Esq. - - Cap'. Fortesque Vernou - - 2 
M r . John Leach ----- John Tudor Esq. - - - - 3 

M r . Paul Reveire ----- Cap 1 . Edward Procter - - 4 

Ezekiel Gohlthwait Esq. - - M r . Thomas Hutchinson Jr. - 5 
John Barret Esq. - - - - Cap'. John Bradford - - - 6 

Cap'. John Homer - - - - C:ip l . Job Prince - ... 7 

Joseph Jackson Esq. - - - William Cooper - - - - 8 

Daniel II u board Esq. - - - JohnAmory- ----- 9 

M r . Daniel Waldo - - - - Maj r . Adi no Paddock - - - 10 

Deacon Benj. Church - - - M r . John Sweetser- - - - 11 

Deacon Caleb Davis - --. M r . Thomas Amory - - - 12 
Be appointed and desired to attend the Committee on Lamps 

when about to fix upon the Places for Erecting said Lamps 

It was further Voted, that John Rowe Esq and others the Com- 
mittee on Lamps who have made the foregoing Report be desired 
to purchase the number of Lamps Voted by the Town, and to 

Erect them in suitable Places 

Upon a Motion made and Voted, that 

Thomas Daws Esq. 

Thomas Gray Esq. 

be added to the Committee for purchasing Lamps & c also 

Voted, that Ezekial Goldthwait Esq. 

John Adams Esq. 

Samuel Quincy Esq. 

be a Committee to make draught of a Bill for regulating Lamps 
&*. which draft they are desired to hand into the Representatives 
of this Town as soon as possible 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1773. 137 

The Committee appointed to consider the Petition [453.] Of 
a number of the Inhabitants *' that Sea Street may be thoroughly 
repaired," Report That they have -attended that service and 
upon searching the Records, find that on the 31. of October 1683 

the Town laid out the Street within mentioned of fifty feet in 
wedth, and at the same time granted, all the Flatts and Lands be- 
low said High Way into the Sea, unto the Proprietors of the Lauds, 
who were Abutters on said Way in an equal proportion to their 
several fronts on said Ways ; always provided that said Proprie- 
tors & Abutters maintain in good Repair the said Way at their 
proper cast and charge The Committee also find that on 21. of 
May 173G. on the Petition of the Proprietors and Inhabitants of 
Laud in said Sea Street, the Town then reduced the wedth of said 
Street from fifty feet as it was originally laid out, to thirty 
five Feet the present wedih thereof, but upon this Condition that 
the same Street be kept and maintained in good Repair, open free 
and unincumbred at the proper cost and charge of the Proprie- 
tors and Abutters on said Street for the use of the Town forever 

By this reduction of the wedth of the Street, the Proprietors of 
the Lands there had a great addition made to the value of their 
Estates, and are therefore under a double obligation (as the Com- 
mittee apprehend) to keep and maintain the same in good Repair 
at their own cost and charge, and upon their default herein, All 
the Lands and Flatts below said Street of thirty five Feet in wedth, 
must revert to the Town and as some parts of it are much out of 
repair, the Town will take such steps thereupon as may be Judged 
necessary 

In the Name of the Committee 

EZEKIAL GOLDTHWAIT 

The foregoing Report having been read and debate had thereon, 
the Question was put " Whether the Town will accept of said 
Report Passed in the Affermative 

[454:,] A Motion made that the Selectmen be directed to ap- 
ply to proper Persons for the Repairs of Sea Street which are now 
in such a condition as to be liable to a presentment, and that they 
dispose of so much of the forfeited Flatts &c. as shall be sufficient 
to defrey the charge of Repairs &. but the Question not being 
put It was Voted, that the further consideration of the methods to 
be taken with the delinquent Abutters for the putting said Street 
in good Repair be referred to the Adjournment 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Fryday the 14. In- 
stant 3. O'Clock P: M: And the Meeting was accordingly Ad- 
journed 

Friday 14. of May 3. O'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

M r . Samuel Adams the Moderater of this Meeting having ac- 
quainted the Town in writing, that he was prevented by indispo- 
sition of Hody from attending his duty at the Meeting, the Town 
proceeded to the choice of another Moderator, and the Votes being 
brought in and sorted, it appeared, that William Phillips Esq. was 
chosen 



138 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and they hereby are appointed to 
act upon the List of Jurors 

The Committee appointed "to view the Neck and consider of 
the best method to secure the same, as also of the Sum which will 
be necessary for this purpose " Report 

[455 .] That having viewed the Premisses, and considered what 
Repairs are necessary, and what would be the cost thereof, Your 
Committee are of Opinion, that to repair the breach made on the 
East side of the Neck in a proper & effectual manner, would oc- 
casion a very great Expence, while the advantages arising from it 
will be but triffling ; and although it continues in its present state, 
it is, probable that very little of the Laud will be diminished ; As 
to the damage which may be done to the payment, by any extraor- 
dinary high Tides a Triffling Expence may from time to time repair 
the same, untill the Circumstances of the Town will better allow of, 
a thorough Repair to the Dam & c . 

With respect to the West side of the Neck we think it necessary 
in order to prevent the Land from being washed away and the 
Pavement greatly injured, thatthjre be a Stone Wall laid to extend 
about 40 or 50 Rod from the Stone Wall now at the West side close 
along by the Towns Lands which will be a sufficient security to the 
Land and pavement on that side the Neck, the Expence whereof 
may be about One hundred Pounds lawful Money, In behalf of 

the Committee 

JOHN SCOLLAY Chairman 

The foregoing Report having been read, and debate had thereon, 
the Question was put " Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Negative 

It was then moved and seconded, that the Selectmen be desired 
to make such Repairs for the security of that part of the Neck 
proposed in said Report to be secured as to them may appear ab- 
solutely necessary, provided the Expence does not exceed, Fifty 
Pounds lawful Mony 

The foregoing Motion was withdrawn, and a Motion made to re- 
consider the Vote for not accepting the Report of [456.] The 
Committee on Boston Neck, whereupon it was Voted that the same 
be Re-considered, and that the Report of said Committee be ac- 
cepted, and the Gentlemen the Selectmen desired to carry said Re- 
port into execution 

The Committee appointed " to examine the Books of the late 
Linnen Manufactory Company so called, they consenting thereto ; 
and to ascertain the amount of Stock in their hands, when the 
Company discontinued the Manufactory, and also to take an ac- 
count of the Utensils then in their possession and the value of the 
same" Reported, That after the best enquiry they have been 
able to make they cannot find the same Companys Books, and 
therefore cannot ascertain the facts as directed by the Town, ex- 
cepting from a Memorandum taken from the Books formerly by 
M r . Edward Payne which is now offered to the Town 

The Committee beg leave to inform the Town that there are in 
the hands and at the disposal of the Survivors of said Company 
two Stocking Looms, one Cauldron, and some Worsted Combs be- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1773. 139 

sides other Utensils said to be in the hands of M r . John Brown, 
valued as follows Viz*. 

2 Stocking Looms ------ 20 

a Cauldron ---------8 

Worsted Combs 2 pair ------2 

- 30 
Balance in the hands of ) 

the Managers - - - j 89 5 ,, 6 . 



119 ,, 5 6 

Sundry other Articles to a considerable value belonging to the 
Manufactory, which the Managers will do all in their power to put 
the Town in possession of - 

The foregoing Report having been read & considered [457.] 
The Question was put, Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affermative - 

It was also Voted, That upon Andrew Oliver, Thomas Hubbard 
& Sylvester Gardner Esq. the only surviving Persons that signed 
the Note for the Sum of 1291 ,, 10 ,, 6 , other Governments Money 
in Bills of the Old Tenor, lent by the Town the 10 th . of May 
3 753 paying the Sum of Money mentioned in the Right of the 
late Linnen Manufactory Company in & to all the Utensils that 
still remains or any wa}'s belong to said Persons for the sole use 
and benefit of the Town, and also that they will assist the Town 
in procuring said Utensils or the value thereof to the utmost of 
their power, in such case the Treasurer is hereby directed upon 
receiving said Moneys and Assignments to deliver to them the 
Note aforesaid, the Town accepting the sama as a full discharge 
thereof - 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, the following Resolve 
passed Nem Cont. 

Whereas it has been Reported that certain Persons Justly 
obnoxious to this Town and Province are to be invited to Dine 
with the Governor and Council on the ensuing Anniversary Elec- 
tion" Day in this Hall ; Be it Rexolced and an Instruction to the 
Gentlemen the Selectmen, that if a Committee of his Majestys 
Council shall apply to them for the use of this Hall, to dine 
in, they consent upon these express Conditions, that neither 
the Commissioners of the Customs and their Attendants, nor 
Officers of the Army & Navy, Stationed here for the purpose of 
intbrcing unconstitutional Acts of Parliament by Military Execution, 
be invited it being utterly against the inclination of the Town, 
that even one Person who has rendered himself enemical to the 
Rights of [458.] America should be admitted into the Hall upon 
such an Occasion - 

It was Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be directed to 
wait upon the Chairman of the Committee of Council, and leave 
with him a Copy of said Vote - 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that M r . William 
Mollineux be asked by the Treasurer for the Monys due from him 
to the Town - . 

Voted, that the Sum of One Hundred & twenty Pounds, be 



140 CITY DOCUMEXT No. 91. 

allowed and paid unto M r . John Lovel, for his Salary as Master 
of the South Grammar School, for the Year ensuing, the same to 
be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at 
the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted that the Sum of One Hundred & twenty Pounds be 
allowed and paid unto M r . Samuel Hunt for his Salary as Master 
of the North Grammar School, for the Year ensuing, the same to 
be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at 
the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . John Procter for his Salary as M ister of the Writ- 
ing School in Queen Street for the Year ensuing, the same to be 
paid him quarterly as it shall become clue and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . Samuel Holbrook for his Salary as Master of the 
Writing School in the Common for the Year ensuing, the same to 
be paid him quarterly as it shall [459.] become due, and to 
commence at the expiration of the last Quarterr 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . John Tileston, for his Salar3 r as Master of the 
Writing School at the North End for the Year ensuing, the same 
to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence 
at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed & paid unto 
M r . James Lovel, for his Salary as Usher of the South Grammar 
School, for the Year ensuing, the same to be paid him quarterly 
as it shall become due and to commence at the expiration of the 
last Quarter 

Voted, that the further Sum of Forty Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . James Lovel, as an encouragement for him to re- 
main and exert himself in the service of the Town the ensuing 
Year, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, 
and to commence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed and paid un!o 
M r . James Carter for his Salary as Usher of the Writing School in 
Queen Street the Year ensuing, the same to be paid him quarterly 
as it shall become due and to commence at the expiration of the 
last Quarter 

Voted, that a further Sum of Twenty five Pounds be allowed 
and paid unto M r . James Carter above his Salary as Usher of the 
Writing School in Queen Street, as an encouragement for him to 
exert himself in the service of the Town the Year ensuing, the 
same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to com- 
mence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

[46O.] Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed and 
paid to such Person as the Selectmen shall appoint an Assistant 
for the Master of the Writing School in the Common the Year 
ensuing the same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, 
and to commence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Thirty four Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . John Tileston Master of the North Writing School, for 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1773. 141 

providing an Assistant the Year ensuing, the same to be paid him 
quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the expira- 
tion of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid out of the Town Treasury unto M r . David Jeffries for his ser- 
vices as Treasurer of the Town the Year past, and for all his 
Expences in that office. 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is directed 
and itnpowered to allow the several Schoolmasters Interest on the 
Sums due to them, from the dates of their Warrants to the time 
of payment 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, That the Assessors 
be directed, that as soon as they receive the Warrant from the 
Province and County Treasurers they set about and compleat the 
Tax upon the Inhabitants 

Upon a Motion made Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be 
and hereby are given to Major Thomas Daws for his good and 
faithful services as a Fire Ward for several Years past 

Upon a Motion made Voted, that the [461.] Representatives 
of the Town be and they hereby are Instructed to move the 
Hon ble . the House of Representatives immediately after the next 
General Election of Councillors that the Representatives of all 
the Towns in this Province do recommend it to the severa ITowns 
which they Represent. To Assess a Sum of Money upon the In- 
habitants of the Town sufficient for the payment of their propor- 
tion of the cost and charge of an Agent or Agents which are or 
may be imployed in the service of the Province 

Upon a Motion made, Ordered that the Vote lately passed re- 
specting the Commissioners & c . be printed in the several public 
News Papers 

The Petitions of M r . Samuel Holbrook and M r Fenno, were 
read, and after debate had thereon, it was Voted, that they have 
leave to withdraw said Petitions 

Voted, that all Matters and Things which remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be referred over to the next General Town Meeting, 
to be then considered of and acted upon 

Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town, be and 
hereby are given to M r Samuel Adams and William Phillips Esq. 
who have both acted as Moderators for their good services at this 

Meeting 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 

[462.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick 
Tcwu Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fry day the 5 th . Day 
of November Anno Domini 1773. at 10 O'Clock A : M : 

Warrant for calling the Meeting ------ read 

The Town were directed to withdraw and bring in their Votes 
for a Moderator of this Meeting, and upon sorting them it appear' d 
that the Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. was chosen 

The Petition of a large number of the Inhabitants setting forth 
" That they are Justly alarmed at the Report that the East India 



142 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Company in London are about shipping a Cargo or Cargos of Tea 
into this and the other Colonies, and that they esteem it a political 
plan of the British Administration whereby they have reason to 
fear not only that the trade upon which they depend for a subsist- 
ence is threatned to be totally destroyed ; but what is much more 
than anything in life to be dreaded, the Tribute laid upon the impor- 
tation of that Article will be fixed and established, and our liber- 
ties for which we have long struggled, will be lost to them and 
their Posterity ; and therefore praying that the sence of the matter 
may be taken, and such steps pursued as to their safety and well 
being shall appertain " was read and debate had thereon 

A number of printed Hand Bills, called " The Tradesmen^ Pro- 
test against the Proceedings of th Merchants relative to the new Im- 
portations of Tea" [463.] Having been seen to be distributed in 
the Hall a Motion was made that one of said Papers be read to 
the Inhabitants, and said Hand Bill having been accordingly read 
one of the Inhabitants openly declared that he saw Charles Pax- 
ton one of the Commissioners of the Customs, giving them away 
the Day before in Kings Street It was then moved that the 
Tradesmen present might collect by themselves on the South side 
of the Hall, that their Sense of the Paper might be taken, 

Then the Question was put to those Tradesmen " Whether they 
acknowledge the said paper called, " The Tradesmens Protest" 
which passed in the Negative, unanimously there being in the 
estimation of the Town at least four hundred Tradesmen present 
in the Meeting 

A Motion was then made and the Question accordingly put to 
those Tradesmen Whether they do now detest as false scanda- 
lous, and bace the said Paper & the Person known to have distrib- 
uted it Viz'. Charles Paxton and all others who have distributed 
the same, and the Printer thereof. Viz'. E. Russell which 
passed in the Affermative, unanimously 

The Town entered again into the consideration of the subject 
matter of the Warrant, and debated largely on the nature and ten- 
dency of the Project for introducing Tea into the Colonies to be 
disposed of by Commissioners appointed by the East India Com- 
pany 

It was then moved that if any Gentlemen in Trade present or 
any other Inhabitant had anything to offer shewing that the intro- 
duction of Tea in the manner projected would not be detrimental 
to the Interest of the People in general as well as to the Mercan- 
tile & Trading part of the Colonies ; that they would now do it, 
& what they offered should be treated with candor [464.] But 
no one Inhabitant did offer anything in favor of said Project 

After due deliberation the Town came into the following Reso- 
lutions Nem Cont Viz'. 

Whereas it appears by an Act of the British Parliament passed 
in the last Sessions, that the East India Company are by the said 
Act allowed to export their Teas into America, in such Quantities 
as the Lord of the Treasury shall Judge proper : And some People 
with an evil intent to amuse the People, and others thro' : inatten- 
tion to the true design of the Act, have so construed the same, as 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1773. 143 

that the TBIBUTE of three Pence on every Pound of Tea is not to 
be enacted by the detestable Task Masters there Upon the due 
consideration thereof, Resolued, That the Sense of the Town can- 
not be better expressed on this Occasion, than in the words of cer- 
tain Judicious Resolves lately entered into by our worthy Brethren 
the Citizens of Philadelphia wherefore 

Resolved, that the disposal of their own property is the Inherent 
Right of Freemen ; that there can be no property in that which 
another can of right take from us without our consent ; that the 
Claim of Parliament to tax America, is in other words a claim of 
Right to buy Contributions on us at pleasure 

2 d . That the Duty imposed by Parliament upon Tea landed in 
America, is a tax on the Americans, or levying Contributions on 
them without their consent 

3 d . That the express purpose for which the Tax is levied on the 
Americans, namely for the support of Government, the Adminis- 
tration of Justice, and the defence of His Majestys Dominions in 
America, has a direct tendency to render Assemblies useless, and 
to introduce Arbitrary Government and Slavery 

[465.] 4 th . That a virtuous and steady opposition to the 
Ministerial Plan of governing America, is absolutely necessary to 
preserve even the shadow of Liberty, and is a duty which even 7 
Freeman in America owes to his Country to himself and to his 
Posterity 

5 th . That the Resolutions lately come by the East India Com- 
pany, to send out their Teas to America Subject to the payment 
of Duties on its being landed here, is an open attempt to enforce 
the Ministerial Plan, and a violent attack upon the Liberties of 
America 

6 th . That it is the Duty of every American to oppose this at- 
tempt 

7 th . That whoever shall directly or indirectly countenance this 
attempt, or in any wise aid or abet in unloading receiving or vend- 
ing the Tea sent or to be sent out by the East India Company 
while it remains subject to the payment of a duty here is an Enemy 
to America 

8 th . That a Committee be immediately chosen to wait on those 
Gentlemen, who it is reported are appointed by the East India Com- 
pany to receive and sell said Tea, and to request them from a 
regard to their own characters and the peace and good order of 
this Town and Province immediately to resign their appointment 
And the following Gentlemen Viz 4 . 

The Moderator 
M r Henderson Inches 

Benjamin Austin Esq. 
M r . Jonathan Mason 

and the Selectmen of the Town are appointed a Committee accord- 
ingly 

At the same time the Town passed the following Resolve 
Viz'. 

[466.] Whereas, the Merchants of this Continent did enter into 
un Agreement to withhold the importation of Tea untill the Duty 



144 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

laid thereon should be repealed ; which Agreement as we are in- 
formed has been punctually observed by t!>e respectable Mer- 
chants in the Southern Colonies, while by reason of the peculiar 
circumstances attending the trade of this Place some quantities 
tho very small in proportion to what had been usual before said 
Agreement have been imported by some of the Merchants here ; 
And whereas it now appears probable to this Town, that the 
British Administration have taken encouragement even from such 
small Importations, to grant Licenses to the East India Company 
as aforesaid Therefore Resolved, That it is the determination of 
this Town, by all means in their power to prevent the Sales of 
the Tea imported by the East India Company : And as the Mer- 
chants here have generally opposed the Measure, it is the Just ex- 
pectation of the Inhabitants of this Town, that no one of them 
will on any pretence whatever, import any Tea that shall be liab'e 
to pay the duty, from this time ; and untill the Act imposing the 

same shall be repealed 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned 'till 3 O'Clock in the 
Afternoon 

3 O'Clock. P : M : Town met according to adjournment 

The Committee appointed for the purpose Reported to the 
Town That they had waited on Richard Clark Esq. and Sous, 
and Benjamin Faneuil Esq. said to be Factors of the East India 
Company, and communicated to them the Vote of the Town 
whereby they were requested immediately to [467.] Resign 
their appointment. And the said Gentlemen informed the Com- 
mittee that as Messieurs Thomas and Elisha Hntchinson (who 
were also Reported to be Factors to the said Company) were at 
Milton, and not expected in Town till Saturday Evening, and as 
they chose to consult them, they could not return an answer to the 
Town, till Monday Morning 

It was then moved and Voted, unanimously, that 
M r . Samuel Adams. 
M r . William Molliueux 
D r Joseph Warren 

be a Committee to repair unto Mess rs . Clark Faneuil & Winslow 
those of the Tea Consignees said to be in Town, and acquaint 
them that as they were not Joint Factors for the East India Com- 
pany with the Hutchinsons, it was supposed they could determine 
for themselves, and therefore it was the expectation of the Town, 
that they return an immediate answer to the Me-sage 

The Committee appointed to repair to the Tea Consignees in 
Town Reported, that an answer might be expected from them 
in half an hour they also informed that M r . Winslow was not 
in Town 

A Motion was then made " that a Committee be appointed to 
repair to Milton and acquaint Mess Thomas & Elisha Hutchinson, 
with the request of the Town, that they immediately resign their 
appointment And the Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. M r . John Pitts 
M r . Samuel Adams D r . Joseph Warren, M r . William Powell & M r . 
Nathaniel Appleton, were appointed a Committee for that pur- 
pose 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1773. 145 

M r . Ezekiel Russell came into Town Meeting, & asked leave to 
speak Ele then acquainted the Town that he was the Printer of 
the Paper called the Tradesmen's Protest against the Merchants, 
& that he was paid for the same by the Person who [468.] Em- 
ployed him, this Information was not given at the desire of the 
Town ; it being their sense, that as a Town they had nothing to do 
with the Printer or Author of the said Paper 

A Motion was made that M r . Barrett who attends upon the Select- 
men might be directed to acquaint Mess". Clarke and Faneuil, that 
the Town were impatiently waiting for an answer to their last 
Message 

Before M r . Barrett could proceed a Letter was brought into the 
Hall, signed by Richard Clark & Son, & Benjamin Faneuil for him- 
self and Joshua Winslow, and directed to the Moderator to be 
communicated to the Town Viz'. 

Boston November 5. 1773 
Sir 

It is impossible for us to comply with the request of the Town, 
signified to us this Day by their Committee, as we know not what 
terms the Teas if any part of it should be sent to our care, will 
come out on, and what obligations either of a moral or pecuniary 
nature we may be under to fullfill the trust that may be devolved 
on us. When we are acquainted with these Circumstances we 
shall be better qualified to give a definitive answer to the request 

of the Town 

We are 
Sir 

Your most humble Serv* 

RICHARD CLARK & SONS 
BENJAMIN FANEUIL JDN B . for 

To himself & JOSH A . WINSLOW 

The Hon We . John Hancock Esq. 
Moderator of a Town Meeting 

Assembled at Faneuil Hall 

This Letter was read, and a Motion then made and the Question 
accordingly put " Whether the same be satisfactory to the Town 
Passed in the Negative Nemini Contradicente 

[469.] The Meeting was then Adjourned " till the next Day 
at 11. O'Clock to receive the Report of the Commitee appointed to 
wait on Mess. Hutchinsons 

Satturday 11. O'Clock A : M : The Town met by Adjournment 
(the Meeting still continuing very full) 

The Committee appointed to wait upon the Mess. Hutchinsons 
at Milton Reported That they had enquired the last Evening 
and this Morning at the House of Elish Hutchinson Esq. in this 
Town, and were informed that those Gentlemen were at Milton ; 
the Committee proceeded this Morning to Milton and calling at the 
Governors Seat were informed that only M r . Elisha Hutchinson 
lodged there the last Night, who had set out early this Morning 
for Boston ; on their return they called at his House, and were told 



146 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

that he had been at home this Morning but, had again set off for 
Milton they then went to the House of Thomas Hutchinson Esq. 
who was then at home, where they read and delivered to him an 
attested Copy of the Towns Vote, when he acquainted the Commit- 
tee, that the Town might expect his answer in one quarter of an 

Hour 

The following Letter was soon after sent into the Moderator, 
signed Thomas Hutchinson, which was read, viz 4 . 

Sir 

I have nothing relative to the Teas referred to in the request or 
Vote of the Town, except that one of my Friends has signified to 
me by Letter, that part of it he had reason to believe would be 
Consigned to me and my Brother Jointly, but upon what terms he 
could not then say 

Under these circumstances I can give no other answer to the 
Town, at present, then that if the Teas should arrive & we should 
be appointed Factors, we shall then be sufficiently informed to 
answer the request of the Town I am for my Brother & self 

Sir \ r our humble Servant 

Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. T. HUTCHINSON JUN*. 

Moderator of a Town Meet 8 . 
now Assembled at Fanueil Hall 

[47O.] This Letter being read a Motion was made and the 
Question accordingly put "' Whether the same be satisfactory to 
the Town " which passed in the Negative Neminie Contra- 
dicente 

A Motion was then made that the Question be put 
" Whether it is not the Sense of the Town, that the Letter signed 
Richard Clark & Son, Banjamin Faneuil for self & Joshua Wins- 
low, and also the Letter signed Thomas Hutchinson, for himself & 
Brother, which had been both read, were not Daringly Ajfrontice 
to the Town" And the Question being accordingly put It 
passed in the Affennative, Nem. Con. 

Upon a Motion made it was Voted, That the Committee of Cor- 
respondence for this Town, be and they hereby are directed to 
transmit the Transactions of this Meeting to every Town in the 
Province 

A Motion was then made, that the Thanks of the Town be given 
to the Hou ble . John Hancock Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting 
for the dispatch he has given to the Business thereof but the 
Motion was objected to by himself and M r . Adams, and it seemed 
to be the sense of the Town, that a Vote of Thanks should be only 
given upon very special and signal services performed for the 
Publick 

The Town having gone through the Business mentioned in the 
Notification, it was moved that this Meeting be immediately dis- 
solved And the Meeting was dissolved accordingly 



[471.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in publick 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1774. 147 

Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 18 th . 
Day of November Anno Domini 1774 



Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - read 



The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator, of this Meeting, & the same being brought 
in and sorted, it appeared, that 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 
was chosen Moderator of the Meeting by a unanimous Vote 

The Petition of a Number of Inhabitants setting forth That 
whereas at the late Meeting of the Town their Committee applyed 
to Mess" : Richard Clarke as supposed Consignees of Teas to be 
exported by the East India Company to this Port, who then de- 
clined giving satisfaction to the Town who requested their resigna- 
tion of said Commission, assigning for reason that they were not 
sufficiently informed upon what terms the Teas would come out on 

the Town being now Justly & highly alarmed with the hourly 
expectation of the arrival of said Teas ; and apprehending that 
said Consignees are now thoroughly appraised of the Conditions 
upon which the India Company are exporting this detestable Com- 
modity into America ; Request that the Town ma} T as soon as 
possible be called together to consult whether further application 
shall be made to said Consignees or otherwise to act as the Town 
shall think proper on the present dangerous and alarming exi- 
gence." was read and duly considered 

[472.] Upon a Motion made Voted, That a Committee be 
appointed upon the Tea Consignees again and let them know that 
when they were last waited upon by a Committee of the Town, 
they informed the Town that they could not then give a direct 
answer to the Town, not having received any certain advice rela- 
tive to the Teas but as it is now supposed by the Town that 
since the arrival of Cap 4 . Scott they are informed relative thereto ; 
.therefore the Town now request an immediate and direct answer 

Whether they would Resign their Appointments as Tea Con- 
signees also 

Voted that John Scollay Esq. 

Coll . Thomas Marshall 

M r . Oliver Wendell 

M r . John Pitts 

M r . Samuel Adams 

Jonathan Williams Esq. 

M r . William Whitwell 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee for the purpose 

The foregoing Committee Reported That they had in pur- 
suance of the Order of the Town waited upon the Tea Consignees, 
whom they found at the Province House and delivered the Mes- 
sage and also left with them an Attested Copy of the Town Vote ; 
that those Gentleman then desired them to inform the Town, that 
as it was then near One O'Clock, they could not give an imme- 
diate answer, but that the Town might expect oue by 3 O'Clock 

Upon a Motion made Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 
3. O'Clock P: M: 



148 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

[473.] 3 O'Clock P: M: The Town met according to Ad- 
journment 

The following Letter from the Tea Consignees was this After- 
noon upon the first opening of the Meeting, handed in to the 

Moderator 

Boston Novem r . 18. 1774 
Sir 

In answer to the Message we have this Day received from the 
Town, we beg leave to say, that we have not yet received any Or- 
ders from the East India Company, respecting the expected Teas, 
but we arc now further acquainted that our Friends in England 
have entered into penal engagements in our behalf, meerly of a 
Commercial nature ; which puts it out of our power to comply with 

the request of the Town 

We are 

Sir 

Your most humble Servants 
RICHARD CLARK & SONS, 
BENJ A . FANEUIL JUN B . for Self 
& JOSHUA WINSLOW Esq. 
ELISUA HUTCHINSON for my 

Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. Brother and Self 

Moderator of a Town Meeting 

Assembled at Faneuil Hall 

This Letter was read, and a Motion then made & the Question 
accordingly put " Whether the same be satisfactory to the Town 
Passed in the Negative Nem' Conl." 

A Motion made that- this Meeting be immediately dissolved 
And the Meeting was accordingly dissolved 



[474.] At a Meeting of tha Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston, duely qualified & legally warned, in 
public Town Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Saturday the 
5 th Day of March Anno Domini 1774 

Warrant for calling the Meeting ------- read 

M r . Samuel Adams was chosen Moderator of this Meeting by a 
written Vote 

The Committee appointed by the Town the 5 th of March last, 
to apply to a proper Gentleman, to deliver an Oration the 5 th . of 
March instant, to perpetuate the Memory of the Horrid Massacre 
perpetrated on the Evening of the Fifth of March 1770 .by a Party 
of Soldiers, under the Order and Eye of Captain Thomas Preston 
of the 29 th . Regiment Reported - 

" That having met together several Times for the Purpose men- 
tioned in the Town's Vote they had unanimously made Choice of 
the Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . to deliver an Oration on the 5 th . of 
March instant, who had accordingly accepted of that Service." 

The above Report having been read by D r . Warren Chairman of 
the Committee, the question was put Whether the samj shall 
be accepted Passed in the affirmative unanimously 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 149 

Upon a Motion made, the Town took into Consideration, what 
would be the best Time to have the Oration pronounced, as also 
what Place would be most suitable for the Purpose Where- 
upon 

Voted, That the Oration be delivered at Twelve O'Clock, at the 
Old South Meeting House, the Hall not being capacious enough to 
receive the Inhabitants [475.] That attend upon the Occasion; 
the Committee of that Society having upon Application, consented 
that the Meeting-House should be made Use of for this Service. 
Voted, That D r . Joseph Warren 

John Scollay Esq r . 
Jonathan Williams Esq r . 

be a Committee to wait upon the Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . and 
acquaint him, That it is the Desire of the Town, that the Oration 
may be delivered at the Old South Meeting House, at Twelve 

O'Clock, this Forenoon 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, That this Meeting be adjourned 

to the Old South Meeting House, 12 O'Clock 

The Town met according to Adjournment at the Old South 

Meeting House, 12 O'Clock 

The Com ttee appointed to wait upon Col 1 . Hancock to acquaint 
him with the Vote of the Town respecting the Time and Place for 

delivering of an Oration 

Reported that said Gentlemen was ready to comply with the 
Orders of the Town made known to him by their Committee 

An Oration to commemorate the Horrid Massacre of the Fifth 
of March 1770, and to impress the Minds of the Citizens with the 
ruinous Tendency of Standing Armies, being placed in free & 
populous Cities & c was delivered by the Hon ble . John Hancock 
Esq r . to a large and crowded Audience and received by them with 

great Applause. 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, 

Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be, & hereby 
are given to the Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. for the elegant and 
spirited Oration deliver'd by him at their Request, in Commemora- 
tion of the horrid Massacre perpetrated on the Evening of the 5 th . 
of March 1770 by a Party of Soldiers of [476.] The 29 th . Regi- 
ment, under the Command of Captain Thomas Preston Also 
Voted, that M r . Samuel Adams Moderator 
D r . Joseph Warren 
William Phillips Esq r . 
D r . Benjamin Church 
John Adams Esq r . 
M r . William Mollineux 
Samuel Pcmherton Esq r . 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to wait upon Col 1 . Han- 
cock & in the Name of the Town to require of him a Copy of the 

said Oration for the Press 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, 
Voted that the Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . 

M r . Samuel Adams Moderator 
D r . Joseph Warren 



150 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

M r . John Brown 

Samuel Pemberton Esq r . 

John Adams Esq r . 

D r . Benjamin Church 

M r . John Pitts 

John Scollay Esq r . 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to apply to a proper 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the fifth of March next to 
perpetuate the Memory of the horrid Massacre perpetrated on the 
Evening of the 5 th . of March 1770 by a Party of Soldiers of the 
29 th . Regiment, under the Comand of Capt. Thomas Preston. 
And to impress upon our Minds the ruinous Tendency of standing 
Armies being placed in free & populous Cities in a Time of Peace : 
And the Necessity of such noble Exertions in all future Times, as 
[477.] The Inhabitants of the Town then made whereby the 
Designs of the Conspirators against the Public Liberty may be 

still frustrated. 

Upon a Motion made Voted, that there be a Collection made in 
this Meeting, for M r . Christopher Monk, a young Man now lan- 
guishing under a Wound receiv'd in his Lungs, by a Shot from 

Preston's Bloody Party of Soldiers on 5 th . March 1770. 

A Collection for M r . Monk was made accordingly, which 
amounted to the Sum of Three Hundred and Nineteen Pounds 
13/3 old Tenor, & the same by Order of the Town, was lodged 
with the Select Men for the Use of the said Monk. 

Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be, & hereby 
are given to M r . Samuel Adams, Moderator of the Meeting for his 
good Service. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified & legalty warned in public Town 
Meeting, assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday 14 h . day of 
March 1774 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r . Eliot 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Sundry Laws enjoined to be read at the Meeting were accord- 
ingly read, 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, but by Indisposition prevented giving his Attendance 
The Town then brought in their Votes for another Moderator, & 
upon Sorting them it appeared that the Hon ble . [478. J Thomas 
Gushing Esq. was chosen. 

M r . William Cooper was chosen Town-Clerk for the Year ensu- 
ing, & took the Oath of Office for the faithful Discharge of his 
Duty, which Oath was administred to him by M r . Justice Hill. 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of Seven Selectmen, & the 
Votes being brought in & sorted, it appeared that 
John Scollay Esq. 
Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 
M r . Timothy Newell 
Col. Thomas Marshall 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 151 

M r . Samuel Austin 
M r . Oliver Wendell 
M r . John Pitts 

were chosen Select Men for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Overseers of the 
Poor, & upon sorting them it appeared that 
John Barrett Esq. 
William Phillips Esq. 
M r . Benj a . Dolbear 
M r . Will 111 Whitwell 
M r . Will ra . Greenleaf 
W m White Esq. 
John Leverett Esq. 
John Gore Esq. 
Cap'. Samuel Partridge 
M r . Samuel Whitwell 
M r . Samuel Abbot 
M r . Daniel Waldo 

were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Wardens, and 
upon sorting them it appeared, that 
[479.] Francis Green Esq. 

M r . Ebenezer Sever 
M r . Thomas Crafts (excused) 
Cap'. Samuel Doggett 
M r . John Amory (excused) 
M r . Ebenezer Hancock 
M r . Joseph Callender (excused) 
M r . Thomas Kimble 
M r . John Clough (excused) 
M r . George Bright 
M r . William McNeil 
M r . William Daws Jun r . (excused) 
were chosen Wardens for the Year ensuing see page 

The Town brought in their Votes for Sixteen Fire- Wards, and 
upon sorting them it appeared, that 
John Scollay Esq. 
Newman Greenough Esq. 
M r . William Cooper 
Col. Thomas Marshall 
M r . Joseph Tyler 
Major Adino Paddock 
Cap'. Benjamin Waldo 
The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 
M r . Samuel Adams 
Cap'. Martin Gay 
Francis Shaw Esq. 
Capt. Job Prince 
Capt. Edward Procter 
M r . John Coffin 
Capt. John Pulling 
Deacon Caleb Davis 
were chosen Fire- Wards for the Year ensuing 



152 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

The Inhabitants bro't in their Votes for a Town Treasurer, and 
upon sorting them it appeared, that 

[48O.] M r . David Jeffries 
was chosen Town Treasurer for the Year ensuing 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, that the Choice of a County- 
Treasurer be referr'd to 4 O'Clock P. M. and the Choice of Con- 
stables to 3 O'Clock P. M. 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock in the Afternoon 

3 O'Clock P. M. Town met according to Adjournment. 
Upon a Motion made and seconded, the Question was put 
Whether Collectors of Taxes should be chosen, seperate from 

Constables Passed in the Affirmative 

Voted, that the Sum of Five Pounds be remitted out of the Ten 
Pounds Fine to such Persons as shall be chose into the Office of 

Constable for the Year ensuing, and shall decline serving. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Twelve Constables ; 
The Persons chose into that Office are 

Mess". Augustus Hail 

Stephen Symmes 
John Bennet 
George Thomas 
Thomas Bell 
Joseph Joye 
John Coverly 
William Told 
John Hammatt 
Samuel Greanleaf 
Matthew Nazro 
John Wells 

Votes for a County Treasurer brought in, and being sealed up 
in Town Meeting, were delivered to M r . Constable Bennet, for 
him to return to the Court of Sessions, at their next Meeting 
[481.] Mess" Richard Billings 

Andrew Brimmer 
Samuel Parkmau 
Thomas Melvil^. 
Joshua Blanchard jun r . 
John Barrett juu r . 
Benjamin Hammett jun r . 
Duncan Ingrahamjun r 
John Coffin Jones 

James Swan excused 

David Sears ----- excused 
Daniel Bill 

were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing see 
Page 24 th . 

Voted, that the Sum of Twelve Pence on the Pound be & here- 
by is allowed to such Persons, as shnll be chose Collectors of Tax- 
es for the Year ensuing, for all such Sums as they shall collect, 
provided they pay into the several Treasuries the whole Sum com- 
mitted to them to collect, on or before the Tenth Day of August 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 153 

1774 Eight Pence on the Pound on all such other Sums as they 
shall have so paid into said Treasuries, on or before the 20 th . 
Day of December 1774 And Four Pence on the Pound upon 
the Remainder of the Sums they shall be obliged to collect, pro- 
vided such Remainder shall be fully paid in, on or before the 
Second Monday in March 1775 This Premium, as above ex- 
pressed to be just & equitable, & an ample Allowance to the Col- 
lectors to encourage them to discharge their Duty with Diligence 
& Fidelity ; provided also that each of said Collectors give Bond 
with sufficient Sureties to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen, for 
the faithful Discharge of their Duty in said Office ; and complying 

with this Vote. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Four Collectors of 
Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeared, that 
Mess. Edward Hollyday 
Abraham Savage 
Benjamin Henderson 
Benjamin Gray were chose 

Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing. 

Voted, that the Assessors be, & hereby are impowered to set 
for Abatement of such Taxes, as they shall judge reasonable, on 
every Wednesday untill the last Wednesday in April inclusive, & 
no longer, save that they be allowed to set the Two last Weeks in 
November, for the Abatement of the Taxes of such Persons, as had 
not an Opportunity of applying in the above limited Time, by 
reason of their being out of the Province, at which Time also they 
are allowed & impowered, to abate the Taxes of such Persons as 
may have died insolvent between the said last Wednesday in 

April & last Day of November. 

sent 
The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven Assesors, & 

upon sorting them it appear'd that 

M r . Benjamin Church 
M r . Daniel Parker 
Deacon Jonathan Brown 
Gyles Harris Esq. 
Capt. Snmuel Downe 
M r . William Lowder 
were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing 



see page 26. 
M r . John Gray 

was chosen a Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensuing 
Mess. William Nichols 
Andrew Syms 
Clement Collins 
Henry Allen 
Isaac Vergoose 
John Grenough 
Jacob Thayer 
Joseph Edmunds 
Richard Walker 
John Champney 



154 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

John Bui finch jun r . 
Abraham Howard 
[483.] Joseph Butler 

Joseph Ayres 
Thomas Bayley 
Andrew Town send 
Joseph Ballard 
John Holland 
John Rogers 
Edmund Ranger 
Thomas Uran 
Elisha Homes 
Obediah Low 
Benjamin Page 
Clement Collins jun r . 
Donely Wing 
Henry Blaisdell 
Abraham Rogers 
Benjamin White 

were chose Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing 

see Page 24 
Mess. John Joy 

Obadiah Low 

Samuel Dyer 

John Dyer 
William Crafts 

were chose Fence-Viewers for the Year ensuing 

Mess re> Samuel Bangs 

Joseph Clark 

Daniel Parks 

Benjamin Bass 

Thomas Noland 

were chose Surveyors of Leather for the Year ensuing 
Mess. Thomas Edes 

Adam Colson 

were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing. 
[484.] Mess. Peter Cotta. 

Menasseh Masters 

Joseph Dyer 

John Haskins 

David Spear 

Jonathan Jenkins 

Job Wheelwright 

Joshua Pico 

Benjamin Sault 

Paul Baxter 

John Owen 

Thomas Knox 

Samuel White 

Edward Cowell 

Peter Ellis (dead) 

Timothy Pease 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1774. 155 

Nathaniel Waterman 

Jacob Williams 

Samuel Barnard (dead) 

John Newell 

Henry Lucas 

Caleb Thayer 

James Beard 

Richard Flood 

William Rogers 

Samuel Peck 

were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing. 

see Page 47. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Tuesday Morning 9 
O'Clock. 

Tuesday March 5 th . 9 O'Clock A. M. Town met according to 
Adjournment 

Mess. David Simons - - - - (excused) 
Benjamin Blake 
Elijah Searl 
were chose Hog-greeves for the Year ensuing. 

M r . William M c Fadden 
was chosen a Hayward for the Year ensuing 

[485.] Upon a Motion make & seconded, Voted, that 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 

M r . Alexander Hill 

be a Cofnittee to look into the Law relative to Scavihgers, and to 
get such Amendment, or Addition made to said Law, as they may 
think necessary to enable those Officers to discharge their Duty in 
a proper Manner sent 

"Wards. 

Mess. Josiah Vose N. 1. 

Joseph Snelling 2s 

Caleb Champney 3s 

Freeman Pulcifer ------- 4s 

John Lovel 5 

Joseph Loring 6 

Charles 7 

John Laugdon 8 

Samuel Warden -------- 9s 

John Fullerton ^ 10 

Thomas Chase --------- 11 

Benjamin Wheeler ------ 12 

were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Five Wardens in the Room 
of those who had been excused from serving, and upon sorting 
them it appear'd, that 

Mess. Samuel Sellen 
John Cotton 
Samuel Bass 



156 Crrr DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Cap 1 . Nehemiah Tomes 

Alexander Edwards (excused) 
were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing, see Page 54. 

The Town brought in their Votes for One Assessor, and upon 
sorting them it appeared, that 

M r . Samuel Johnson 
was chosen an Assessor for the Year ensuing. 

Mess. John White 
John Lucas 

were chose Survej-ors of Wheat for the Year ensuing 
[486.] Col. Joseph Jackson 

Col. John Leveret 

M r . John Sweetser 

were chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, and they are 
desired & impower'd to give all needful Direction to the Keeper of 
the Granary, respecting the Quantity of Grain to be sold, & affix- 
ing the Price thereof from Time to Time, as Occasion shall 
require ; And the said Comm* 66 are desired & directed to cause all 
the Grain belonging to the Town to be granted at the new Mills, 
near the Mill-Bridge now occupied by M r . George Leonard 

Cap'. Martin Gay 

M r . John Skinner 
were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing 

The Selectmen 
chosen Surveyors of the High Ways for the Year ensuing 

M r . James Blake 
was chosen a Surveyer of Boards for the ensuing Year. 

M r . Henry Prentice 
was chosen a Clerk of the Market for the ensuing Year 

The Selectmen reported on the Account of M r . Benj a . Fenno, 
Keeper of the Granary for the Year past, which Accompt is 
entered in his Books (and on File in the Town Clerk's Office) was 
read, whereupon it was Voted that the same be accepted, and that 
M r . Fenno be accountable to the Town for 350 Bushells of Corn, 
& 26 Bushells of Rye, amounting to 67 ,, 15. and also for the 
Sum of 104 ,, 18 ,, 8| Cash now in his Hands exclusive of the 
Sum of 32 ,, 13 ,, 4 for his Salary & Attendance, as charged in 
this Account, which is hereby allowed him. 



Upou a Motion made & seconded, Voted, that 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
M r . William Whitwell 
M r . Alexander Hill 
John Rowe Esq. 
M r . Edward Payne 

[487.] Be, and hereby are appointed a Committee to examine 
into the State of the Granary, & report the same, as also their 
Opinion, whether it will be expedient for the Town to continue the 
same sent. 

Voted, that the Consideration of School-Masters Salaries and all 
other Salaries & Grants, be referred over to next May Meet- 
ing. 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, Voted, That theTownTreas- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 157 

urer be, & hereby is impoweied & directed to borrow, on Interest, 
a Sum not exceeding Three Hundred Pounds Lawful Money, for 
the Use of the Overseers of the Poor, to purchase Grain & c . for 

the Aims-House. sent 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, Voted, that the Town-Treas- 
urer be, & hereby is directed and impower'd to give his negotiable 
Notes upon Interest to such of tlie Overseers of the Poor as are in. 
Advance for the Relief of the Poor, for such Sums as appear to be 
due to them respectively, upon the Auditing of their of their Ac- 

compts to the present Month sent 

Voted, that M r . Edward Payne 

M r . Alexander 'Hill 

M r . Ezekiel Price 

Major Thomas Daws 

Capt. Samuel Bradford 

Be, & they hereby are appointed a Committee to audit the Ac- 
compts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries, & also the Accompts of the 
Overseers of the Poor, & the said Committee are impowered, when 
they shall Audit said Accompts, to allow such of the Overseers, as 
shall advance Money for the Relief of the Poor, Interest on all 
such Sums from the Time so advanced, till they shall have 
Audited said Accompts ; and they are also desired to report from 
Time to Time a State of the Treasury, respecting the Debts & 

Credits, & on any Matter, that they may think proper. 

The Petition of M r . Jacob Emmons, 

" That an Allowance be made him for the extraordinary Damage 
he has sustained by taking down his Walls & Chimnies in Paddy 
Alley, after the late Fire, over & above what the Jury has 
assigned [488.] Him " was read, & after considerable Debate 
had thereon, The Question was put, Whether the Town will sus- 
tain the Petition. Passed in the Negative. 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock. P. M. 

3 O'Clock P. M. met according to Adjournment 
The Petition of M r . Thomas Walker, " for some Relief under 
the Charge occasioned him by the Wound his then Apprentice, 
Christopher Monk, received from Preston's Soldiers in the Mas- 
sacre on the Evening of the 5 th . of March 1770, was read & con- 
sidered whereupon it was moved that the Petition be dismissed, 

and it was accordingly dismissed. 

The Petition of Capt. Amassa Davis, "That a Peice of the 
Town's Flatts now improv'd by him, & situated between the 
Fortification Walls & the Land improv'd by M r . Byles may be 
Leased to him for a Number of Years," was read & consider'd 
whereupon, Voted, That the same be accepted, & that the Select- 
men be, & hereby are impower'd, to Lease the said Peice of Land 
to the Petitioner, upon such Terms as they shall think will be for 

the Interest of the Town. 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, that 

The Selectmen 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
Jonah Quincy Esq 



158 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

be a Coinittee to enquire, how far M r . Byles, has complied with 
his Lease, & to Report to the Town at May Meeting ; as also what 

is proper to be done for the Security of the Land 

The Petition of M r . Samuel Hunt, Master of the North Gram- 
mar School, "That the same Encouragement may be given him, 
in the Article of House-Rent as is afforded the Master of the other 
Grammar School " was [489.] Read, & considered, Whereupon 
Voted, That the Sum of Thirty Pounds be, & hereby is allowed 
him, to enable him to provide a House for himself the present 

Year 

The Committee on M r . Gaven Brown's Petition, relative to a 
Clock, reported, but after long Debate had, as to the Propriety of 
this Reports being taken up, It was Voted, That the Matter 

subside. 

That Article in the Warrant, Viz'. " To consider of the Re- 
quest of a Numbc-r of the Inhabitants, That the Incumbrances 
on Dock Square may be removed & Measures taken for filling up 
the Town-Dock, that so room may be made for the Standing of 
the Horses & Carts, of those Country People, who bring Provi- 
sions to Market, was read, & after Debate had thareon, 
Voted, that Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
John Scollay Esq. 
Joseph Jackson Esq. 
M r . William Cooper 
John Rowe Esq. 

be a Committee to take the same into Consideration, & report as 
soon as may be ; & the Committee arc hereby impower'd to treat 
with the Proprietors, if they have any Doubt, as to the Title of 

the Dock. 

That Article in the Warrant, Viz' " Whether the Town will 
take any Measures for providing a suitable Place, where the 
Carts & Sleds with Hay Fire-Wood &c. may be accoinodated, 
and the Inhabitants of Corn-Hill thereby eased of that Incnm- 
brance," was read & Debate had thereon 
Whereupon 

Voted, That Thomas Marshall Esq 

Capt. Thomas Dal ton, say James 
Capt. John Joy 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
_M r . William Whitwell 

Be a Comittee to take this Matter into Consideration, & to re- 
port at the Adjournment what they think proper to be done. 

[490.] That Article in the Warrant, Viz'. "To consider 
whether the Selectmen shall be authorized & impower'd to prose- 
cute any Person or Persons, that have, or may encroach upon the 
Town's Land, or on the Streets or High Ways of the Town, was 
read & considered Whereupon Voted, That the Selectmen for 
the Time being, as Agents of the Town, be, & they hereby are 
impowered to bring forward & prosecute in the Law any Suit, or 
Suits that may be necessary for Recovering their Right Title & 
Possession of, and in all such Lands, Tenements & Hereditaments, 
as are the Property of the Town ; & also for the Removal of all 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 159 

such Incumbrances, as hrwe been, or may be made upon the 
Town's Land, Streets or High Ways; & this they are directed 

& impowered to do until final Judgment & Execution. 

Voted, That this Meeting be adjourned to Wednesday the 30 th of 
March instant 9 O'Clock A. M. 

Wednesday Morning at 9 O'Clock Town met according to Ad- 
journment. 

The Town made Choice of John Rowe Esq. for a Moderator, 
Pro Tempore, in the Room of the Hon ble Thomas Gushing Esq. 
confined at Home by Illness, but M r . Rowe desiring to be excused, 

John Hill Esq. was chosen a Moderator pro Temp, in his Room 

M r . John Smith 
M r . John Peirce Palmer 
were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 

That Clause in the Warrant, Viz'., " Whether the Town will 
take any Measures for providing a suitable Place, where the 
Carts & Sleds with Hay, Fire-Wood &c. may be accomodated, & 
Inhabitants of Cornhill thereby eased of that Incumbrance," was 
read, & the Committee thereon acquainted the Town, " That they 
were not yet able to make Report," when tliey were desired to do 
it as soon as may be. 

[491.] The Request of M r . Miller, as inserted in the War- 
rant Viz 1 ., That he may have Liberty, at his own Expence, to 
run a Head, or Wharf from his Land across the Bottom of Milk- 
Street, to improve it for Landing Lumber &c. & to pay the Town 
a Consideration for the Rent of it," was read, Whereupon, Voted, 
that 

The Selectmen 

be a Committee to take this Matter into Consideration, and to 
report as soon as may be 

The Petition of M r . Samuel Barrett & others, "That proper 
& legal Measures may be adoped for laying out a Street to lead 
from the Bottou of Union-Street, below the Green Dragon, to 
the Bottom of Sudbury Street," was read, whereupon 

Voted, That the Gentlemen the Selectmen be a Committee to 
Consider the Petition, & determine upon the same as they may 
think for the Advantage of the Town 

The Petition of the Rev d . John Christopher Hartwick setting 
forth, 

" That your Petitioner came to this Town upon a Call of a Num- 
ber of Inhabitants of the same, originally Germans, came to this 
Place upwards of Twenty Years ago, upon the Invitation of some 
notable Gentlemen of this Place promising them great Advantages 
That by that Call your Petitioner is appointed spiritual Pastor 
over them That your Petitioner findeth the Execution of his 
Office a very difficult Task upon several Accounts, especially for 
Want of a convenient House to meet in for Instruction & Divine 
Worship. That the Members of his Congregation are generally 
poor, & unable either to purchase Ground or to build a House of 
Divine Worship. Your Petitioner therefore begs Leave to observe 
to your Honors, that unless he is assisted in this respect by the 
Generous Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, he must give up his 



160 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Vocation & leave this People, without a Remedy, in the degenerate 
& deplorable [492.] State, in which he found them, & in which, 
in a great Measure they are yet, in which Case a Number of them 
may become a Burden to the Community, & a Stain to the glorious 
Character of the People of Boston, which would be a great Pity, 
as they are industrious People, and by proper Care may become 
an Ornament & Blessing to the Society, of which, by Divine 
Providence, they are become members. But your Petitioner hath 
Ground to hope better Things, from the Consideration, that the 
Inhabitants of the Town of Boston have deservedly the Name of a 
Religious, Generous & Hospitable People : That therefore the}' will 
consider, that this People is come among them, not slyly & sur- 
reptitiously, like the Gibeonites ; that they, notwithstanding that, 
share the Fate of the Gibeonites, contrary to-what they were made 
to expect : That they are Fellow-Protestants, built upon the Foun- 
dation of the Prophets & Apostles, of which Jesus Christ is the 
Chief Corner Stone, renouncing all Human Traditions & Popish 
Relicks. That every Member of a Body is under an Obligation to 
serve his Fellow-Members, with the Gifts he has received, as good 
Stewards of the manifold Grace of God : That it is the express 
Command of God to love the Strangers, as ourselves, considering 
that our Forefathers were also Strangers, & that God himself 
loveth Strangers : That People of a different Language residing in 
an Imperinm is both Ornamental & Beneficial. These & other 
Considerations, too tedious to be recited here, have emboldened 
your Petitioner, to lay his, & his Peoples Circumstances before 
your Honors, in Order to communicate them to the respectable 
Inhabitants in lawful Town Meeting assembled, humbly praj'ing 
to take their pitiful Case into their most serious Consideration, & 
to assist them in the best Manner their Wisdom may suggest & 
their Charity move them to. 

[493.] If my humble Opinion was asked, or I might be more 
particular in my humble Request, it is this : I am informed that in 
the Common, near the School-House, is a vacant & convenient 
Spot of Ground, on which a plain Meeting-House, without any 
Ornaments or Superfluities, might be built, if a public Collection in 
all the Churches was granted. The Ground remain under the Trust 
of the Selectmen, & the Reversion & remainder to the Town, & only 
the Use granted to your Petitioner & his Successors, being Evan- 
gelical Ministers of the Gospel, & the Evangelical Inhabitants of 
the Town of Boston in Communion with the Protestant Churches 
in Europe, who consent to & approve of the famous & Original 
Confession delivered to Charles the Fifth, Emperor of German}-, 
in a Diet of the States of the German Empire, & publicly read at 
Augsbourg in the Year of our Lord 1530. 

But all this your Petitioner leaveth to your Honor's superior 
Knowledge & Wisdom, only begging to pardon his Freedom, to 
grant him the Privilege of your Favors & Protection. And for the 
Prosperity of your Town & Country, your Petitioner shall always 
pray." was read, & after Debate had thereon, 

Voted, that The Gentlemen the Selectmen 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 161 

D r . BenJMmin Church 
M r . Ezekiel Price 

be a Committee to take this Petition into Consideration & report 
as soon as may be. 

The Committee appointed to examine the Accompts of David 
Jeffries Town Treasurer have attended that service and find the 
same right cast & well vouched, in which he charges himself with 
sundry Fines, Rents, & other Incomes of the Town ; as also with 
the Tax of 7000, all which amount to the Sum of Fourteen Thou- 
sand Two Hundred & Forty Pounds Eleven Shillings & nine Pence 
Three Farthings, including the Ballance of old Account. 

And the said Treasurer discharges himself by sundry Abatements 
made the Collectors amounting to 708 ,, 12,, 9 [494.] By Drafts 
made on the Selectmen amounting to 4256 ,, 14 ,, 7 of which he 
has paid Thirty Eight Hundred Thirty Three Pounds Seven Shil- 
lings and Two Pence Farthing. 

And by Drafts made by the Overseers of the Poor which contain 
the Charges of the Alms House amounting Thirty Three Hundred 
forty three pounds four Shillings & two pence, of which he has 
paid Twenty three Hundred & five Pounds thirteen shillings & ten 
pence Also for sundry Sums paid for Interest amounting to three 
hundred twenty nine pounds fifteen shillings & eight pence, the 
whole amounting to eight thousand six hundred & thirty eight 
Pounds eight shillings & six pence three farthings. 

The said Comittee have inspected said Drafts in a very particu- 
lar manner, & have examined the Vouchers produced by the Over- 
seers of the poor for the amount of their Drats & every other 
Branch of public Charge, amounting in all, as above to eight thou- 
sand six hundred & thirty eight pounds eight shillings & six pence 
farthing, as by Account of Town Treasury in Town Treasurer's 
Books Ballance whereof being five thousand six hundred & two 
pounds three shillings & three pence is carried to the Credit of new 
Account. 

Which Report & Account being read Voted, that the same be, 
& hereby is accepted. 

The Committee appointed to examine the Town Treasury Ac- 
compts reported a Memorandum of sundry Debts, supposed not 
good, which stands open in the Treasurer's Books, 
viz'. Edward Hopkins - - 1 



Thomas Meulins's Estate 7 ,, 13 

Henry Lloyd Esq. - - 1 ,, 17 

Aaron Ramnell - - - 4 ,, 

Inorcas Blake's Estate - " 16 

Samuel Butler's Estate - 2 ,, 19 

John Wardell's Estate - 6 ,, 8 
Benjamin Hodgins Estate " 16 

Charles Henley's Estate 18 ,, 
[495.] Isaac Cazueau - - - 18 



3 
10 



John & Richard Billings 1 ,,11 ,,10 
Thomas Green - - - " 16 ,, ,, 
Isaac Dupee - - - - 1 ,, 2 ,, 3.J 
Ephraim Copeland - - " 19 ,, 7 
Peter Cumber - - - 12 12 10 



162 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Whereupon Voted, That the Town Treasurer, M r . David Jeffries 
be, & he hereby is directed to close those Accompts together with 
what M r . Samuel Adams, a late Collector, erroneously stands D r , 

for on Town Treasury Books. 

Voted, That all Matters & things which remain unfinished at this 
Meeting be referred over to the next general Town Meeting, to be 

then considered of and acted upon. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in public Town 
Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 30 th . Day of 
March Anno Dom : 1774 3 O' Clock P.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting, read 

The Town having upon a Motion made Voted to choose a Mod- 
erator by Hand- Vote, William Phillips Esq. was accordingly chosen 
Moderator of this Meeting. 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'., " To determine whether the 
Town will purchase the new Clock lately made by M r . Gawen 
Brown, & fix the same in the Steeple of the old South [496.] 
Church, and also the two Dials that are already there, and another 
that M r . Brown proposes to put up on the West side of said 
Steeple, & agree upon the Terms, on which such Purchase shall be 
made " was taken into Consideration, & after some Debate 
thereon, Voted, That the Town will grant the said Gawen Brown 
Eighty Pounds lawful Money towards purchasing said Clock & 
three Dials, which, with Eighty Pounds lawful Money more sub- 
scribed by several of the Inhabitants (Part of which he has already 
received) will in the Estimation of the Town, be the full Value of 
said Clock & three Dials, the Grant hereby made to be drawn for 
by the Selectmen, as soon as may be after said Clock & Dials are 
fixt in said Steeple to their Satisfaction, provided said Brown give. 
Security to the Selectmen that he will keep said Clock in good 
Order and winde up the same at his own Expence for Seven Years 
after said Clock & Dials are there fixed ; the third Dial to be of the 
same Size with the other two Dials 

Also Voted 

That the Gentlemen the Selectmen be desired to take a Bill of 
Parcels of M r . Brown for the Clock & Dials, together with a Re- 
ceipt in full, that it may hereafter appear to be the Property of the 
Town. 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. having sent in his Desire to the 
Town, that he might be excused from serving any longer as a 
Fire- Ward, on Account of his Health ; he was accordingly ex- 
cused. 

Upon a Motion made Voted unanamously, That the Thanks of 
the Town be & hereby are given to the Hon ble John Hancock Esq. 
for his good Services as a Fire- Ward, a Number of Years 
past. 

[497.] The Committee appointed by the Town of Boston for 
procuring & erecting Lamps, beg leave to report, and they accord- 
ingly do report 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 163 

That they received of the Treasurer out of the Monies subscribed 
and paid for the Purpose 120 Sterling, with which they pro- 
cured & sent to M r . John Boylston Merchant in London a Bill of 
Exchange for 90 Sterling 

That M r . Boylston procured & sent Lamps & Tin to the Amount 
of 77 ,, 3 ,, 6 sterling, in which he did not charge any Commis- 
sions, or any thing for his Trouble, & moreover, he made such an 
Interest with the Captain as to obtain their being brought free of 
the Charge of Freight, all which has made a considerable Saving 

to the Town. 

That the whole Number of Lamps erected under the Direction 

of the Committee amounts to three hundred & Ten. 

That the whole Sum received of, & drawn upon the Treasurer 
for, amounts to 450 ,, 7 ,, 3, as by Account of Particulars hereto 

annexed 

That there still remains in the Hands of M r . John Boylston 
Merchant in London the Sum of 12 ,, 16 ,, 6 sterling to be ac- 
counted for by him, & in the hands of the Committee 59 Globe 
Glasses 665 Tin Plates and 6 lb weight of Oakum which are ready 
to be delivered to the Order of the Town 

all which is humbly submitted 

JOHN ROWE p Order 

The foregoing Report having been read, the Question was put, 
Whether the same shall be accepted Passed in the Affermative 
Upon a Motion made Voted, that 
John Rowe Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
The Moderator 

be, & hereby are appointed a Committee to draw up a Vote of 
Thanks to M r . John Boylston, to be reported, before the same is 

transmitted. 

[498.] Voted, that this Meeting be, & hereby is adjourned 
to Fryday the 8 th . Day of April next, 3 O'Clock P. M. 

Fryday April 8 th . 1774, 3 O'Clock P. M. met according to 

Adjournment. 

M r . Robert Breck 
was chosen a Culler of Hoops & Staves for the Year ensuing 

The Counttee appointed to receive the Money subscribed for 
purchasing of Lamps, report 

That they have attended that Business, & received of the per- 
sons, whose Names are mentioned in the Lists of the several 
Wards, herewith delivered, the Sum of five Hundred & twenty 
four Pounds eleven shillings, & eight pence, which, agreeable to 
the Vote of the Town, they have paid into the Town Treasury. 

That there are some other Subscribers who have not paid their 
Subscriptions, but when received are likewise to be paid into the 
Treasury. 

And that there are a Number who have subscribed to give 
Lamps, & others, whose Subscriptions are to be paid in Work, as 
mentioned in said Lists ; the Names of whom and their particular 



164 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Subscriptions have likewise been given to the Committees ap- 
pointed to purchase and erect the Lamps 524 ,, 11 ,, 8 

JA S . RICHARDSON p Order 

The above Report having been read, the Question was put, 
Whether the same shall be accepted Passed in the Afferma- 
tive. 

The Selectmen being appointed a Committee to consider the Pe- 
tition of M r . Samuel Barrett & others, that a street might be laid 
out, extending from the Bottom of Union Street to the End of 
Sudbury Street, do report as their Opinion, 

That it will not be of any Advantage to the Town to have any 
other Street, than what the Abbuters on the Land between [499.] 
The Street called Friend Street & Cold Lane, have already laid 
out, unless the Owners of the Land between Union Street, and 
Friend Street, & from Cold Lane to Sudbury Street, are inclined 
to lay out a Street through their Land, at their own Expence, 
in which Case they think it best that they may be permitted to 

lay out One accordingly. 

JOHN SCOLLEY, p Order 

The foregoing Report having been read & considered the 
Question was put, Whether the same shall be accepted Passed 
in the Affermative. 

The Committee appointed to take into Consideration the Peti- 
tion of the Rev d . M r . John Christopher Hartwick, in behalf of a 
Number of German Families being in this Town for Assistance in 
building a small House for Public Worship Reported, 

That having met & considered the same, they arc of Opinion, 
That one half Part of the Building now improved as a Granary, be 
allowed the Petitioners by them to be used & improv'd as a Place 
for the public Worship of God. the same to be leased to them 
for such a Term of Years, & upon Conditions as the Town shall 
think proper The CoITiittee would beg Leave to recomend, that 
a Brief be sent to the Ministers of the several Churches & Congre- 
gations, in the Town for farther Aid and Assistance to the Peti- 
tioners, by a public Contribution in the several Churches & Congre- 
gations, an Estimate being first made of the Sum necessary to be 
raised for the Relief of the Petitioners. 

The foregoing Report having been read, and some Debate had 
thereon, it was voted, that the farther Consideration of said Re- 
port be referr'd over to May Meeting & that the same be inserted 
in the Warrant that shall be issued tor said Meeting 

[5OO.] The Committee appointed to draw up a Vote of 
Thanks to M r . John Boylston Merchant in London, for his Ser- 
vices to this Town in purchasing a Number of Lamps & shipping 
them from London, Reported the following Draft 

John Rowe Esq. Chairman of the Comittee, appointed the 5 th . day 
of May 1773 to procure Lamps & c . from London to be fixt in such 
parts of the Town, as said Comittee should judge proper for en- 
lightening the same, made Report of their Proceedings in Writing 
thereon ; & at the same Time informed the Town, that the said 
Comittee had employed M r . John Boylston, lale of this Town 
Merchant, now residing in London, to purchase said Lamps 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1774. 165 

That M r . Boj'lstou very readily & chearfully undertook this Ser- 
vice That he purchased the Lamps very cheap That he took 
great Care in the Packing & shipping of them & got them trans- 
ported & shipped from London free of Freight and that he will 
not accept of any Comission for his Trouble in this Affair, nor for 
some E-xpence he has been at in Transacting the same 

The Town taking this Representation into their Consideration, & 
having a grateful sense of M r . Boylston's great Care & Generosity 
in this Affair, Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be, & hereby 
are given to M r . Boylston for the same. 

The foregoing Report having been read, the Question was put, 
Whether the same shall be accepted Passed in the Affermative 
unanimously. Also Voted 

that William Phillips Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

be and hereby are appointed a Coniittee to transmit the foregoing 
Vote, attested by the Town Clerk to the said M r . Boylston as soon 
as may be. 

[5O1.] Upon a motion made, Voted, that John Rowe Esq. be 
desired to write M r . Boylston that the Ballance remaining in his 
Hands may be sent in Lamps so soon as conveniently may be 

John Rowe Esq. having offered in this Meeting to allow the 
Town Twenty Shillings p hundred for all the Oakum remaining in 
his hands, of that which was sent by M r . Boylston, it was Voted, 
that this Offer be accepted, & that M r . Rowe be desired to pay the 
Amount thereof to M r . Town Treasurer 

The Town Clerk having laid before the Town, the Doings of his 
Majesty's Justices, & the Gentlemen the Selectmen of Boston, to- 
gether with the Return of the Jury appointed to make Assessments 
& c . relative to the new Street in Paddy's Alley Voted, That the 
Clerk be directed to record the same in the Town Book of Record 
Mem , all on File see Page 552 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Fire Ward in the room 
of the Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. who has declined serving on 
Account of his Health ; & upon sorting the same it appeared 
that 

Ezekiel Cheever Esq. 
was chosen a Fire Ward for the Year ensuing 

That Article in the Warrant for March Meeting, Viz*. " Whether 
the Town will purchase the Buildings erected by M r . Robert Pier- 
point on the Town Land adjoining to the Fortification," being re- 
ferr'd over for Consideration to this Meeting, the same was taken 
up by the Town, and after some Debate had thereon, 
Voted, that William Phillips Esq. 
M r . Edward Payne 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
M r . Alexander Hill 
M r . Ezekiel Price 

[502.] Be, & hereby are appointed a Comittee to take this 
Article of the Warrant into Consideration & report their Opinion 
relative thereto at the General Town Meeting -in May next 



166 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

M r . Alexander Edwards, who was chosen one of the Wardens 
for the ensuing Year, having declined serving in that Office, was 

accordingly excused by the Town. 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Warden and upon sorting 
them, it appeared, that 

Cap*. Andrew Symmes jun r . 

was chosen a Warden for the Year ensuing. 

Agreeable to the Venire for the Choice of Jurymen for April 
Court, received from the Clerk of Sessions, the Town proceeded to 
the Choice of Six Jurors, by drawing them out of the Box, when, 
M r . John Box jun r . 
William Wane 
Benjamin Andrews jun r . 
John MClane 
Edward Winter Calf 
Joseph Richardson 
were drawn Jurors for April Court, & the Venire, with the Names 

of those Persons were given to one of the Constables. 

Voted, That all Matters & things, which remain unfinished at this 
Meeting be referred over to the next General Town Meeting be 

then considered of, & acted upon 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be, & hereby 
are given to William Phillips Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting, 

for his good Services therein. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 

[5O3.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, duly qualified & legally warned in public 
Town Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Wednesday the 10 th . 
day of May 1774. 

Prayer was made by the Reverend M r . John Lathrop. 

The Precept & Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Sundry Laws --.._-.-._ read 

M r . Timothy Newell, one of the Selectmen proposed, in their 
Names, to the assembled Inhabitants, to proceed to the Choice of 
One, or more Persons to represent them in the Great & General 
Court or Assembly, to be held at the Town House in Boston, 
upon Wednesday the 25 th . day of May Current, & in order thereto 
to consider, & ascertain the Number of Gentlemen to be Elected: 
Accordingly it was Voted, to proceed to the Choice of Four Rep- 
resentatives, & then it was declared by the Selectmen That no 
Votes will be received but such as are unfolded ; and that they 
propose the Poll shall be closed at 12 O'Clock 

The Votes being brought in for Four Representatives the Num- 
ber of the same was found to be five hundred and thirty Six, & 
upon sorting them it appeared that the four following Gentlemen 
were chosen Viz*. 

The Hon b!e . Thomas Cushing Esq. 524 

M r . Samuel Adams ------- 535 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 536 

William Phillips Esq. 534 

The Choice of Representatives being over, & declared by the 
Selectmen, the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw, & bring in 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 167 

their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, in Order that the 
Town may proceed in transacting the other Affairs mentioned in 
the Warrant [5O4.] Accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew, & 
brought in their Votes, & upon sorting them it appeared that M r . 

Samuel Adams was chosen 

That Article in the Warrant, Viz 4 . " Whether the Inhabitants 
will give Instructions to the Representatives that may be chosen," 
was read and 4 O'Clock Afternoon was assigned for the Con- 
sideration of said Article. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to 3 O'Clock P.M. 

To the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of Boston, in Town 
Meeting assembled May 10 th . 1774. 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston, at their annual 
Meeting the 5 th . day of May last, desiring the Selectmen to visit 
the public Schools in the Town, & to invite such Gentlemen to 
accompany them therein, as they shall think proper, & to report 

thereon. 

We, the Subscribers accordingly attended that Service on the 
7 th . day of July last, & the following Gentlemen were invited to 
accompany us therein. Viz'. 

The Hon ble . John Ervin Esq. 

James Bowdoin Esq. 

Samuel Pitts Esq. 

D r . John Winthrop 

The Representatives of the Town 

The Overseers of the Poor 

The Town Treasurer 

The Rev d . Charles Chauncey D.D. 

Mather By les D.D. 

Andrew Eliot D.D. 

Samuel Cooper D.D. 

Ebenezer Pembcrton D.D. 

Samuel Mather D.D. 
[5O5.] John Hunt 

John Bacon 

John Lathrop 

Simeon Howard 

M r . How 

M r . Gordon of Roxbury 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

M r . William Payne 

M r . John Leach 

M r . Benj a . Goodwin 

M r . John Boynton 

M r . Samuel Eliot 

M r . John Scollay juu r . 

Thomas Brattle Esq. 

John Missling Esq. of Philadelphia 

M r . Nathaniel Appleton 

M r . Henderson Inches 

Isaac Smith Esq. 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 



168 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91 

M r . Alexander Hill 

Cap'. Fortisque Vernon 
, Cap'. Solomon Davis 

Benj a . Kent Esq. 

Joseph Scott E*q. 

Cap'. John Bradford 

John Adams Esq. 

M r . Moses Gill 

D r . Belcher Noyes 

M r . Jon a . Amory 

D r . Benj a . Church 

Cap'. Mackay 

D r . Thomas Bulfineh 

D r . John Greenleaf 

M r . Josiah Quincy 

John Phillips Esq. 

M r . Henry Bromfield 

D r . Joseph Warren 

Major Thomas Daws 
[5O6.] M r . Michael Homer 

M r . Henry Laughton 

Col. John Erving 

John Fenton Esq. 

M r . William Dennie 

M r . William Mollineux 

and found the South Grammar School had 139 SchollarsThe North 
Grammar School 60 Scholars The North Writing School 240 
Scholars : The writing School in Queen Street 280 Scholars, all in 
very good Order 

JOHN SCOLLAY ") - 
TIMOTHY NEWELL ! fj 
THOMAS MARSHALL f || 
JOHN PITTS } & 

Voted, that the Selectmen be, & they hereby are appointed to 
act upon the List of Jurors. 

The Comittee appointed to consider that Article in the Warrant, 
Viz'. " Whether the Town will purchase the Buildings erected by 
M r . Robert Pierpoint in the Town's Lands adjoining to the Forti- 
fication," Report, That they have viewed the Town's Lands near 
the Fortification, & the Buildings erected thereon by M r . Peirpoint 
& upon mature Consideration, are of Opinion, that it will not be 
for the Interest of the Town to purchase said Buildings. 

The Comitte would farther report, that they have measured the 
Town's Lands, & find that there is Sixty three feet without the 
Gate in Length, within the Bastions Forty two feet in Length, 
within the Gate, which is improved by M r . Robert Pierpoint on 
the west side, & Sixty nine feet in Length on the East Side, as 
also Ninety two feet on the West Side in length, that is improved 
by Mess. Tuckermau, Blake & Faxon, & Sixty two f<;et on the 
East Side in Length, that is improved by Me*s rs . Davis & Curtis ; 
that those Lands at present fetch in but a Small Rent, tho'. in the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 169 

Opinion of the Comittee said Lands are of a considerate Value, & 

it said may be much for the Interest of the Town. 

All which is submitted, in the Name of the Comittee 

W M . PHILLIPS, p Order. 

[5O7.] The foregoing Report having been read & considered, 
whereupon Voted, that the same be so far accepted, as it will not 

be for the Interest of the Town to purchase said Buildings. 

That Article in the Warrant, Viz'., " What is proper to be done 
with the Lands belonging to the Town, adjoining to the Fortifi- 
cation, & ivittiin the same on both Sides the Street, was read, & 
Debate had thereon whereupon moved, & Voted, that a Comittee 
of Eleven Persons be raised, to consider of the State of all the 
Lauds of the Town, both within & without the Fortification & near 
adjoining thereto, & that said Committee be impowered & directed 
to make Entry on all, or any Part of said Lands, and thereof to 
take full Seizin & Possession, in the Name & Behalf of the Town ; 
& in Case all, or any of the Trespassers or Occupiers thereof 
are willing to surrender, or Compromise with the Town, that such 
Comittee be impowered to comply with all reasonable Offers, at 
the Direction of said Comittee, so as that they do not proceed to 
alienate any Part of the Premisses in Fee for Life or Years also 
Voted, that John Scollay Esq. 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 

M r . Timothy Newell 

Thomas Marshall Esq. 

M r . Samuel Austin 

M r . Oliver Wendell 

M r . John Pitts 

Josiah Quincey Esq. 

John Adams Esq. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 

be, & hereby are appointed a Comittee for the Purpose aforesaid. 
That Article in the Warrant, Viz'. " Whether the Town will 
give Instructions to the Gentlemen, that may be chosen to repre- 
sent them in the next General Assembly," was read and con- 
sidered, whereupon Voted, that 

D r . Benjamin Church 

John Adams Esq. 

D r . Joseph Warren 
[508.] Benjamin Kent Esq. 

Josiah Quincey Esq. 

D r . Young 

M r . James Lovel 

be, & hereby are appointed a Comittee to prepare Instructions to 
our Representatives, and report at the Adjournment 

The Report of the Comittee on the_Rev d . M r . Hartwick's Peti- 
tion laid before the Town by the Comittee to whom said Petition 
was referred at the March Meeting which Report is to be consid- 
ered at this Time, was again read ; & the further Consideration 
referred, till the Report of the Comittee on the State of the Gran 
ary be laid before the Town. 



170 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

The Comittee appointed the 14 th . of March last, to examine into 
the State of the Granary, & report the same, & also their Opinion, 
whether it will be expedient for the Town to continue the same 
now ; Report, 

That they have, so far as it was in their Power, examined into 
the State of the Granary, & cannot find that any regular Accompts, 
or Entries have been made in any Books, either by the Purchasers 
of Grain or by the Keeper of the Granary, of the Quantities of Grain 
bought in each Year ; therefore cannot ascertain the Gain or Loss 
in the Measure. 

The Comittee have examined so far back as they were able, & 
find by the Papers laid before them, by M r . John Fenno, Keeper 
of the Granary, that the Quantity of Corn & Rye, purchased by 
the Comittee from March 1769 to March 1774 amounted to 5836 
Bushells, & that he had sold out in that time 5060 Bushells, & 
there then remained in his hands only 376 Bushells, by which it 
appears there was a Loss in the Measure of the Corn of 400 Bush- 
ells which is 7 p Cent, but there was no Loss in the Rye 

[5O9.] The Committee have also examined the Amounts of 
the Charges that have arisen for the last five Years, & find that the 
Measuring, Carting, Keeper's Allowance & c . amount to 238 ,, 
10 ,, 1 lawful Money, which is Six Shillings & Six Pence half penny 
old Tenor p. Bushell on the whole quantity thnt was purchased in 
said five Years, exclusive of the 400 Bushells lost in the Measure, 
which being added makes it 8J old Tenor p Bushell on the whole 
quantity laid in the last five Years. The quantity sold last Year 
was only 605 Bushells, & the Town Stock being now so very small, 
and the Keeper's Salary & Allowance, with other Expences being 
so great, out of such a Stock, the Cotnittee are of Opinion, that it 
will not be for the Interest of the Town, to keep said Granary 
open the remainder of the Year, under the present Regula- 
tions 

The Committee would inform the Town, that upon Examination 
into the State of the Granary, they find, that in March in the 
Year 1752, they had a Stock of 380 ,, 18 ,, 1 which, in ten Years, 
viz', in March 1762 encreased to 486 15 ,, 3 lawful Money, 
over & above all Charges, but since it has been annually decreas- 
ing, till now it is reduced to about 150 The Reasons for 

which, the Committee, after a very strict Enquiry cannot assign. 
All which is submitted by 

EZEKIEL GOLDTHWAIT 
WILLIAM WHITWEL 
JOHN ROWE 
ALEXANDER HILL 
EDWARD PAYNE 

Which Report being accepted by the Town 

On a Motion made & seconded, Voted, that the Selectmen be, 
& hereby are directed and impowered to lend M r . John Fenno the 
Stock of Grain belonging to the Town, now in the Granary, at the 
Market Price, as also the Money belonging to the Town, now in the 
hands of the said Fenno, the Selectmen taking Security for the Pay- 
ment of the whole in the Month of March next ; [51O.] M r 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 171 

Fenno keeping the Granary always open on the usual Days, & hav- 
ing Liberty to open the same upon such other Days as he may 

think proper. 

October 6 th 1790 

The Select Men having examined the Acoo ts . of M r . Fenno are 
of opinion that there is nothing due from M r . Fenno to town 

By order JOHN SCOLLAY 

Also Voted, that the foregoing Comittee on the tate of the 
Granary, be desired to set again, & that they consider of a proper 
Place for the future Regulations of a Town Granary ; as also to 
receive such Proposals or Plans us may be made & given in, & to 
Report next March Meeting 

The Report of the Committee on the Reverend M r . Hartwick's 
Petition, read again, and after considerable Debate had 
thereon 

Voted, that the Petitioner have Leave to withdraw his Peti- 
tion. 

The Petition of M r . David Jeffries, Town Treasurer, praying an 
Allowance for Reasons set forth in said Petition, was read & con- 
sidered ; whereupon 

Voted, that the Sum of Thirty Pounds p Annum be added to 
the Town Treasurer's annual Salary 

The Petition of M r . George Leonard, " for Liberty to erect a 
Grist-Mill, or Mills on Fort-Hill, on a new Construction & to build 
proper Rollers for the Breaking of Matt, the Usefulness of which 
Undertaking is set forth in said Petition ; " was read, & after 
debate had thereon, the Question was put, " Whether the Prayer 
of said Petition be granted, which passed in the Negative 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, the Question was put 
"Whether the said Petition of M r . George Leonard -be dismissed 
Passed in the Affirmative 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Fryday next 10 
O'Clock A. M. 

[511.] Fryday May 13 th . 1774 10 O'Clock A. M. met Met 
according to Adjournment 

That Article in the Warrant, Viz*. " Whether there shall be a 
Survey made, & a Plan drawn of all the Town's Lands," was 
read, whereupon Voted, That the Consideration of that Article be 
referred to next March Meeting 

That Article in the Warrant, viz'. " Whether the Selectmen 
shall be impowered to appoint one or more Persons to prevent 
firing small Arms on the Neck, whereby the Limbs & Lives of the 
Inhabitants, have been greatly endangered ; & also to remove any 
Incumbrances or Nuisances, which may hereafter be laid thereon," 
was read & considered ; whereupon 

Voted, That the Selectmen be instructed to impower a suitable 
Person to see that the Laws are carried into Execution against 
those who shall presume to discharge Fire Arms on Boston Neck, 
or shall lay any Incumbrances thereon 

That Article in the Warrant, Viz'. " The Petition of a Number 
of the Inhabitants, That a public Well may be dug, & a Pump 
fixed upon Dock Square, for the further Preservation of the Town 



172 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

from Fire ; & the Accomodation of the Inhabitants in that 
Neighbourhood with Water," was read, whereupon, Voted, that 
William Phillips Esq. 
John Leveret Esq. 
M r . Jonathan Mason 
Jonathan Williams Esq 
M r . William Whitwel 

be a Comittee to take the Petition into Consideration, & to 
report at next March Meeting 

[512.] Upon a Motion made Voted, That the Consideration of 
Schoolmaster's Salaries, & all other Salaries & Grants, be referred 
to the first Monday of July next 10 O'Clock. 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, That the Grant of Monies for 
Town Charges be referred to the Adjournment of this Meeting 

The Petition of M r . Samuel Holbrook, Master of the South 
Writing School, " That he may be considered in the Article of 
House Rent, & allowed for Providing Assistance what was 
granted to late Ushers," whereupon 

Voted That the Consideration of this Petition be referred to the 
Adjournment of this Meeting. 

That Article in the Warrant, Viz'. " To determine upon proper 
Methods for preserving Beacon Hill," was read 

Voted, That the Consideration hereof be referred to the Ad- 
adjournment of this Meeting. 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, Voted, that all Matters & 
Things, not acted upon, be referred to the Adjournment of this 
Meeting. 

Voted, That this Meeting be, and hereby is adjourned to the l rt . 
Monday of July next 10 O'Clock 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duly qualified & legally warned, in public Town 
Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Fryday the 13 th . Day of 
May 11 O'Clock 

[513.] Warrant for Calling the Meeting read. 
The Town was desired to bring in their Votes for a Moderator 
of this Meeting, & upon sorting them it appeared that M r . Samuel 

Adams was chosen 

Upon a Motion made Voted, That this Meeting be opened with 
Prayer, & that the following Gentlemen, Viz'. 
William Phillips Esq. 
Joseph Jackson Esq. 
John Barrett Esq. 
Jonathan Williams Esq. 
M r . William Whitwel 

be a Comittee to wait upon D r . Cooper & acquaint him that it is 
the Desire of the Town, that he would open this Meeting with 
Praj-er ; & in Case he should not be readily found, that they then 
invite D r . Chauncey, or any other Minister they shall think proper 

to perform that Service 

Voted, That the Port Bill be read, and it was read accord- 
ingly 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 173 

The Committee to wait on D r . Cooper Reported that they had 
informed him of the Request of the Town, & had received for 
Answer, That tho' he was just returned fatigued from a Journey, 
he would }-et comply with the Orders of the Town in giving his im- 
mediate Attendance 

Prayer was made by the rev d . D r . Cooper agreable to the Re- 
quest of the Town 

The Article in the Warrant, viz'. " To consider what Measures 
are proper to be taken upon the present Exigency of our public 
Affairs, more especially relative to the late Edict of a British Par- 
liament for Blocking up the Harbor of Boston, & annihilating the 
Trade of this Town," was read whereupon a Motion was made, 
" That a Committee be appointed to [514.] Take the Act of 
Parliament referred to into Consideration and Report their Sense 
of what Measures are proper to be taken upon the present Exi- 
gency 

After some Debate upon the Motion made, it was moved & 
Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to 3 O'C'lock P. M. 

3 O'Clock Town met according to Adjournment, 

The Motion for a Committee to take into Consideration the Act, 

intitled the Boston Port-Bill, was again token up 

By Order of the Town a Letter from Marblehead was 

read. 

A Motion made for a Committee to write a Circular Letter to 
the several Towns of this Province, & to the several Colonies, ac- 
quainting them with the present State of our Affairs. ' 

Moved & Voted, Nem. Cont. that 

M r . Samuel Adams 

John Rowe Esq. 

Thomas Boylston Esq. 

William Phillips Esq. 

D r . Joseph Warren 

John Adams Esq. 

Josiah Quincey Esq. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. 

M r . Henderson Inches 

M r . William Mollineux 

M r . Nathaniel Appleton 

be, & hereby are appointed a Committee to take the several Pro- 
posals, that have been made, & others that may be made, relative 
to our Conduct on the present Exigency, into their Consideration, 
& report, as soon as may be, their Opinion 

On a Motion made, Voted, Nem. Cont. that a Comittee be ap- 
pointed to repair to the Town of Salem and [515.] Marblehead, to 
communicate with them upon the present Exigency of Affairs, and 
that 

M r . Oliver Wendell 

M r . John Pitts 

M r . William Dennie 

M r . William Powell 

M r . Isaac Smith 



174 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

be, and hereby are appointed a Comittee to take that Pur- 
pose 

M r . Edward Payne Merchant informing the Town that he was 
upon setting out on a Journey Eastward he was desired to exert 
himself to promote the Success of said Committee 

Voted, that the Comittee of Correspondence be desired to dis- 
patch Messengers with all possible Speed to the other Colonies, & 
the several Towns in this Province, charged with the Letters & 
they have wrote relative to shutting up this Harbour &c 

Upon a Motion made the Letters wrote by the Committee of 
Correspondence to the several Towns in this Province on the Sub- 
ject aforementioned, were read 

Voted, Nem. Con. that it is the Opinion of this Town, that if 
the other Colonies come into a joint Resolution, to stop all Impor- 
tations from Great Britain & Exportations to Great Britain, & 
every part of the West Indies, till the Act for Blocking up this 
Harbor be repealed, the same will prove the Salvation of North 
America & her Liberties : On the other Hand, if they continue 
their Exports & Imports, there is high Reason to fear, that Fraud, 
Power & the most Odious Oppression, will rise triumphant over 
Right, Justice, Social Happiness & Freedom And moreover, 
that this Vote be forthwith transmitted by the Moderator to all our 
Sister Colonies in the Name & behalf of this Town 

Also Voted, That the Moderator be desired to when he trans- 
mits the foregoing Vote, to give a Narrative of the News & Intel- 
ligence we have lately, & this Day received, and [516.] The 
Town Clerk is directed to serve the Committee of Correspondence 
for Salem with a Copy of this Vote. 

A Motion made & passed, that every Gentleman, who has 
Friends & Correspondents in the other Sea Port Towns & the Col- 
onies, that they be desired to write Letters to such Correspond- 
ents, strongly recommending their coming into the Measures of 
this Vote. 

The Gentlemen of Rhode Island Government in the Meeting, 
were desired to use their Influence ; that their Province may second 
the Measures of this Town in the present Exigency 

Voted, That this Meeting be adjourned to Wednesday next, 
being the 18 th . Instant, 10 O Clock A.M. 

Wednesday May 18 th . 1774, 10 O'Clock A.M. met according to 
Adjournment 

The Comittee appointed by this Town, " To repair to Marble- 
head & Salem to Communicate to them on the present Exigency 
of Affairs," Do report, That they proceeded on that Business, & 
discoursed with the Selectmen & other Gentlemen of both Towns, 
who discovered a Disposition to aid & suppoit us in the present 
Struggle for our invaded Rights ; & for that Purpose the Select- 
men of each Town gave their Assurance, that their respective 
Towns would have a Meeting forthwith ; the Result of which they 
would immediately forward to the Selectmen of Boston. 

OLIVER WENDELL P. Order 

The Moderator of this Meeting laid before the Town a Letter sent 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 175 

him by M r . James Bois of Milton, in which he makes an Offer to 
the Town of the Use of his Slitting Mills at Milton, & the Utensils 
belonging to the same, for the Employment of our Blacksmiths, 
"during the Blockade of Boston," b}' a British Fleet & Army & 
the same having been read 

[517.] Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be, 
& they hereby are given to M r . James Bois for his kind Offer of the 
Slitting Mill & Utensils, upon the present Emergencies of the In- 
habitants 

The Coinittee appointed on Fryday last to receive Proposals &c 
Report verbally that they had received several Proposals & plans, 
which appeared to them very likely to promote the Ease of those 
Inhabitants who may be brought into Distress by the Operation of 
the detested Port-Bill but that not having had time to digest those 
Plans, they asked Leave to set again, & report at the Adjournment, 
when having heard from the other Colonies, they will be better able 
to make said Report. 

The Town Clerk was directed to desire the Hon ble . Thomas Gush- 
ing Esq. to attend with Part of a written Report of the Committee 
.to receive Proposals &c 

The Moderator informed the Inhabitants that agreable to the 
Order of the Town he had enclosed an attested Copy of Town Votes 
in Letters to the several Provinces, by M r . Reviere, who set out 
last Saturday, & that he should forward Copies as Opportunities 
presented 

M r . Speaker Gushing attended & informed the Town that he had 
not written Report of the Comittees ; on Ways & Means 

An Act of the British Parliament was read entitled, an Act to dis- 
continue, in such Manner, & for such Time, as are therein men- 
tioned, the Landing and discharging, loading or Shipping of 
Goods, Ware & Merchandize, at the Town within the Harbor of 
Boston, in the Province of Massachusetts Bay in North America 
and thereupon Voted ; unanimously, 1 st . That the Trade of the 
Town of Boston has been an essential Link in that vast Chain of 
Commerce, which in the Course of a few Ages, has raised New 
England to be what it is, the Southern Provinces to be what they 
are, the West India Islands to their Wealth &, in One Word, the 
British Empire, to that Height of Opulence, Power, Pride & Splen- 
dor, at which it now stands. 2 ly . That the Impolicy, Injustice, In- 
humanity, & Cruelty, of the Act aforesaid, exceed all our Powers 
of Expression & Conception, we therefore leave it to the just Cen- 
sure of others, & appeal to God & the World. 

Also Voted, That the above Notes be entered upon the Records 
of the Town 

Voted, that the Comittee to receive Proposals and Plans, & to 
consult Ways & means for the Relief of the Poor, be desired to 
sit again. 

Voted, That this Meeting be adjourned to Monday the 30 th . In- 
stant 10 O'Clock A.M. 

May 30 th . 1774. 10 O'Clock. Met according to Adjourn 
ment. 



176 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

The Committee to receive Proposals & to consider of Wa} - 3 & 
Means to employ the Poor, acquaint the Town, they they were 
not able to report at present they were therefore desired to sit 
again. 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, That when this Meef.img be ad- 
journed, it shall be toFryday the 17 th . day of June 10 O'Clock. 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, That the Comittee appointed to 
receive Proposals & consider of Ways & Means, be desired to 
prepare a Paper, to be carried to each Family in the Town, the 
Report of which to be, not to purchase any Articles of British 
Manufactures, that can be obtained among Ourselves, & that they 
will purchase Nothing of, but totally desert those who shall Coun- 
ter-work the Salutary Measures of the Town. 

Voted, That the Comittee of Correspondence be & hereby are 
directed, to comunicate the Non Consumption Agreement afore- 
said to the other Towns in the Province. 

Adjourned to June 17. 10 O'Clock Forenoon 

[519.] June 17 th . 10 O'Clock, Town met agreeable to the 
Adjournment of the above Meeting, from 30 th . May to this day. 

M r . Samuel Adams the Moderator, being at Salem, attending 
the Business of the General Court, the Town proceeded to the 
Choice of a Pro Tempore Moderator, when the Hon ble . James 
Bowdoin Esq. was chosen unanamously ; and a Committee of three 
Gentlemen was sent to inform him, who Reporled, that he was 
from Home John Rowe Esq. was then chosen, but Business pre- 
venting his Attendance, the Votes, it appeared, that the Hon ble . 
John Adams Esq. was chosen, and being informed of it by the 
above Committee, he gave his Attendance accordingly. 

D r . Warren, one of the Comittee on Ways & Means, acquainted 
the Town, that they thought it best to defer making Report, till 
they had heard from the other Governments, whereupon they were 
directed to set again. 

Upon a Motion made the Town again entered into the Consider- 
ation of the Article in the Warrant, Viz*., " To consider & deter- 
mine what Measures are proper to be taken upon the present 
Exigency of our public Affairs, more especially relative to the late 
Edict of the British Parliament for Becking up the Harbour of 
Boston, & annihilating the Trade of this Town," and after very 
serious Debates thereon 

Voted, (with only one Dissentient) That the Comittee of Cor- 
respondence be enjoined forthwith to write to all the other Colonies, 
acquainting I hem that we are not idle, that we are deliberating 
upon the Steps to be taken on the present Exigencies of our public 
Affairs ; that our Brethren the lauded Interest of the Province, 
with an unexampled Spirit and Unanimity, are cntring into a Non- 
Consumption agreement ; [52O.] And that we are waiting with 
anxious Expectation for the Result of a Continental Congress ; 
whose Meeting we impatiently desire, & in whose Wisdom & 
Firmness we can Confide, & in whose Determinations we shall 
chearfully acquiesce 

Voted, That this Meeting be adjourned to 3 O'Clock P. M. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 177 

3 O'Clock P. M. Met according to Adjournm'. 

Agreeable to Order the Coinittee of Correspondence laid before 
the Town such Letters as they had received in Answer lo the Cir- 
cular Letter, wrote by them to the several Colonies, & also to the 
Sea-Port Towns in this Province, since the Receipt of the Boston 
Port Bill, & the same being publickly read Whereupon 

Voted, unanimously, That our warmest Thanks be transmitted 
to our Brethren on the Continent for that Humanity, Sympathy & 
Affection, with which they have been inspired, & which they have 
expressed towards this distressed Town, at this important Season 

Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be, & hareby 
are given to the Comittee of Correspondence to their Faithfulness, 
in the Discharge of their Trust, & that they be desired to continue 
their Vigilance & Activity in that Service 

Whereas the Overseers of the Poor in the Town of Boston are a 
Body politic by Law constituted for the Receipt & Distribution of 
all charitable Donations for the use of the Poor of said Town 

Voted, that all Grants and Donations to this Town & the Poor 
thereof at this distressed Season, be paid & Delivered into the 
Hands of the Overseers & by them [521.] Appropriated & dis- 
tributed, in Concert with the Comittee lately appointed by this 
Town for the Consideration of the Ways & Means of Employing 
the Poor 

Upon a Motion made Voted, that the Clerk be directed to Pub- 
lish the Proceedings 

Adjourned to June 27 th . 10 O'Clock A. M. 

Port Bill adjournment. 

Met agreeable to Adjournment June 27**. 10 "Clock A.M. 

M r . Samuel Adams in the Chair 

Moved & seconded that the Comittee of Correspondence be de- 
sired to lay the Letters they have wrote to tho other Towns and 
Governments since the Receipt of the Port Bill, the question 
being put Passed in the Affirmative 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to 
the Old South Meeting House, the Hall not being sufficient to con- 
tain all the Inhabitants assembled. 

M r . William Mollineux 
M r . William Cooper 
D r . Benj. Church 

appointed a Coinittee to wait upon the Proprietors Committee of 
that House for leave to make Use of it. 

The Town being again met according to Adjournment A 
Motion was made & passed, That all Letters received as well as 
the Answers returned, be laid before the Town and read 

After the Town Clerk had accordingly read a Number of Letters, 
a Motion was made that the said Vote be so far Reconsidered, as 
that the Reading of all other Letters previous to the Covenant 
sent into the Country by the Coinittee of Correspondence, & the 
Letters accompanying the same, be suspended for the present, & 
that the Town proceed to the Reading of said Letter & Covenant, 
& any other Letters that may be particularly called for 



178 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

The said Covenant & a Number of Letters having beon read, a 
Motion was made, that some Censure be now passed [522o] By 
the Town on the Conduct of the Comittee of Correspondence ; and 
that said Committee be annihilated 

M r . Adams, the Moderator, then moved, that as the Conduct of 
the Comittee of Correspondence for this Town, of which ho had 
the Honor of being a Member, is now to bo considered, another 
Moderator might be chosen Pro Tempore. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. was accordingly chosen Mod- 
erator during that Debate 

The Motion for Censuring & annihilating the Comiltee of Cor- 
respondence was considerd & the Gentlemen in favor of the Motion 
patiently heard ; but it being dark ; and these declaring that they 
had farther to offer - 

Voted, that the Consideration thereof be referred to the Adjourn- 
ment 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Tuesday next 10 
O'Clock 

Tuesday June 28. 10 O'Clock met according Adjournment 

The Motion for Censuring & Annihilating the Comittee of Cor- 
respondence again Considered, & after long Debates the Question 
was accordingly put ; which passed in the Negative by a great 
Majority 

It was then moved, that the following Vote be passed, Viz'. 
" That the Town bear open Testimony that they are abundantly 
satisfied of the upright Intentions, and much approve the honest 
Zeal of the Comittee of Correspondence & desire that they would 
persevere with their usual Activity & Firmness, continuing sted- 
fast in the Way of well Doing And the Question being put, 
passed in the Affirmative by a Vast Mnjori'y 

[533.] The Committee on Ways & Means for employing the 
Poor acquaint the Town, that they had met, & had received very 
encouraging Accounts of the Readiness of their Sister Colonies to 
assist us ; & various Proposals from Sundry Persons for employing 
the Poor, upon which they were deliberating, but were not yet pre- 
pared to Report They therefore required further Time to Report, 
which was allowed them 



M r . Samuel Adams in the Chair 



A Motion made that this Meeting be adjourned to Tuesday the 
19 th . of July 10 O'Clock A M. to meet at Faneuil Hall, and the 
Meeting was adjourned accordingly. 

May Meeting Adjournment 

Monday July 4 th 10 O'Clock Town met according to Adjourn- 
ment. 

Moved & seconded, that the Vote lately passed, referring the 
Consideration of the Petition of a Number of the Inhabitants, 
That there might be a public Well on Dock Square, be now recon- 
sidered, & that the Town now be Dug &c. after some Debate the 
Motion was withdrawn 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, Voted, that the Thanks of 
this Town be, & hereby are given to our worthy Friends of the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 179 

Town of Windham for their late generous Donation to those Peo- 
ple in this Town, who are now Suffering by the Operation of the 
Boston Port Bill, so called. 

Moved & Voted, That the Consideration of Grants & Salaries 
be referred to Tuesday the 19 th Day of July 9 'Clock A. M. 

That Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . " To determine upon proper 
Methods for preserving of Beacon Hill," was read & Considered, 
whereupon a Motion made, that the Selectmen be directed & itn- 
powered, as Agents of the Town to prosecute M r . Hudson for 
Encroachments on Beacon Hill ; this Motion subsided [524.] 
And M r . Thomas Hudson being present, he proposed in Order 
that a final Determination may be made relative to the Dispute 
between him & the Town about Beacon Hill, he was willing that 
the same should be settled by five indifferent persons to be mu- 
tually chosen by the Town & himself, they or a major part of 
them to award what Damages the Town has sustained by his dig- 
ging away, or undermining said Hill ; & also what Sum the Town 
shall give him for such Part of his Lands, as shall be judged nec- 
essary for the Preservation of said Hill The Question being put 

Whether the Town will agree to the above Proposals Passed 
in the Affirmative 

The Town then proposed Capt. William Heath of Roxbury & 
Deacon John Frattingham of Charlestown, as Referees on the Part 
of the Town, which M r . Hudson approved of M r . Samuel Howr 
of Dorchester & M r . Nathanael Brown of Charlestown, were pro- 
posed by M r . Hudson, as Referees, and approved of by the Town 

It was agreed by the parties that M r . Lemuel Robinson of Dor- 
chester be the fifth Man 

Moved & Voted that M r . David Jeffries Town Treasurer, be & 
hereby is directed & impowered in behalf of the Town, to execute 
such Bonds of Submission, as shall be thought necessary for a 
Compliance with the Award of the Referees 

Voted. That the Time limited for finishing & bringing in the 
forementioned Award by the Referees, be the 5 th of September 
next 

Voted, That Col. Thomas Marshall 
John Scollay Esq. 
M r . Oliver Wendell 

be & hereby are appointed & impowered as a Comittee, to appear 
before the Referees & make Representation in behalf of the 
Town 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, Voted, unanimously, that the 
Thanks of the Town be, & hereby are given to our worthy Friends, 
the Inhabitants of the Town of Windham in the Colony of Connec- 
ticutt , for the kind [525.] And generous Assistance they have 
granted this Town under its present Distress & Calamity, involun- 
tarily sending 258 Sheep, as a Present for the Relief of the 
Poor, industrious Inhabitants of this Place, who by a late oppres- 
sive & cruel Act of Parliament for blocking up the Harbor of 
Boston, are prevented getting Subsistence for themselves & Fam- 
ilies 



180 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Voted, That the Town Clerk be directed to transmit an attested 
Copy of the above Vote of Thanks to the Town of Windham - 

Voted, That this Meeting be adjourned to Thursday the 19 th . of 
July instant, 9 O'Clock Forenoon - 

May Meeting Adjournment 

Thursday July 19 th . 9 O'Clock A.M. Met according to Adjourn- 
ment - 

Voted, That the Sum of Eight Thousand Pounds be raised by a 
Tax upon Polls & Estates within this Town, for Relief of the poor 
& defraying other necessary Charges arising within the Town the 
ensuing Year - 

Voted, That the Sum of One Hundred & Twenty Pounds be al- 
lowed & paid unto M r . John Lovel for his Salary as Master of the 
South Grammar School for the Year ensuing, the same to be paid 
him quarterly, as it shall become due, & to Commence at the Ex- 
piration of the last Quarter - 

Voted, That the Sum of One hundred & Twenty Pounds be al- 
lowed & paid unto M r . Samuel Hunt for his Salary, as Master of 
the North Grammar School, for the Year ensuing, the same to be 
paid him quarterly, as it shall become due, & to Commence at the 
Expiration of the last Quarter - 

Voted, That the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed & 
paid unto M r . James Carter, for his Salary, as Master of the Writ- 
ing School in Queen -Street, for the Year ensuing, the same to be 
paid him quarterly, as it shall become due, & to commence at the 
Expiration of the last Quarter 



Voted, That the Sum of One hundred Pounds be al- 
lowed & paid unto M r . Samuel Holbrook for his Salary, as Master 
of the Writing School in the Common the Year ensuing the same 
to be paid him quarterly, as it shall become due, & to Commence 
at the Expiration of the last Quarter - 

. Voted, That the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . James Tileston, for his Salary, as Master of the North 
Writing School, the Year ensuing, the same to be paid him quar- 
terly, as it shall become due, and to Commence at the Expiration 
of the last Quarter - 

Voted, That the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed & pnid unto 
M r . James Lovel, for his Salary, as Usher of the South Grammar 
School, for the Year ensuing, the same to be paid him quarterly, 
as it shall become due, & to commence at the Expiration of the last 
Quarter -- 

Voted, that the further Sum of Forty pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . James Lovel, as Encouragement for him to remain & 
exert himself in the service of the Town the Year ensuing, the 
same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, & to com- 
mence at the Expiration of the last Quarter - 

Voted, That the Sum of Fifty Pounds, be allowed & paid unto 
M r . Abiah Holbrook, for his Salary, as Usher of the Writing 
School in Queen-Street, the ensuing Year the same to be paid him 
quarterly, as it shall become due, and to commence at the Expira- 
tion of the last Quarter - 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 181 

Voted, That the Sum of Forty Pounds be allowed & paid unto 
M r . William Doll for his Salary, as Usher of the writing School, at 
the North Part of the Town the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him quarterly, as it shall become due, & to Commence at the Ex- 
piration of the last Quarter 

[527.] Voted, That the Sum of Thirty four Pounds be al- 
lowed & paid unto M r . Samuel Hoi brook, Master of the Writing 
School in the Common, for providing an Assistant the Year ensu- 
ing, the same to be paid him quarterly, as it shall become due, & 
to commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, That the further Sum of Sixteen pounds be allowed & 
paid unto M r . Samuel Holbrook, Master of the Writing School in 
the Common for procuring further Help, untill an Usher can be 
provided for him 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds (besides the Thirty 
Pounds already granted him) be allowed & paid out of the Town 
Treasury, unto M r . David Jeffries as Treasurer of the Town, the 
Year past, & for all his Expences in that Office. 

Upon a Motion made by M r . Samuel Holbrook he was allowed 
to withdraw his Petition. 

Voted, That this Meeting be adjourned to the last Wednesday 
in August next, being the 31'. 10 "'Clock forenoon 

July 19 th . 11 O'Clock. Town met agreeable to the Adjournment 
of the Boston Port Bill Meeting 

The Comittee on Ways & Means Reported verbally, that they 
had been considering of the best Methods to Employ the Poor ; & 
informed the Town, "That the building a Wharff from the 
South End, leading to Dorchester Neck, & a House or Two on the 
Town's Lands, at that Part of the Town was what they thought 
might be of Service : That they had other Proposals to make in 
some future Time ; but that for the present, the Comittee desired 
the Sense of the Town, with Respect to the Expediency of employ- 
ing a Number of Inhabitants now out of Employ, in Carrying on 
a Wharff" 

It having been moved, that the Coinittee on Ways & Means 
for Employing the Poor, have Liberty to build any Wharff or 
Dam upon the Town's Land at the South End " It was 

[528.] Voted, That the Comittee appointed to distribute 
the several Donations that may be made for the Relief & Employ- 
ments of such Persons, as are Sufferers by means of the Port-Bill, 
have leave to build a Wharff upon the Town's Lands & Flatts (ad- 
joining to Curtis & May's Land) not exceeding 200 feet at present, 
from High Water Mark ; or if M r . Cobb will give his Flatts, with 
a sufficient Passage Way of 28 feet from the Street, without a 
Consideration, that the Committee have Leave to carry it from the 
said Cobb's, provided they shall think it more advantageous. 
Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P.M. 

3 O'Clock P.M. Met according to Adjournment 
It having been represented b}* Two of the Gentlemen Overseers, 
that they could not discharge their Duty, as a Committee on Ways 



182 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

& Means, by Reason of their other Business, & the Sickness of 
some of their Body It was moved, & the Question accordingly 
put That the Overseers be discharged from the Duly assigned 
them, as a Comittee on Ways & Means," which passed in the 

Affirmative 

A Motion made, that an Addition may now be made to the 

Comittee on Ways & Means passed in the Affirmative. 

Voted, that fourteen Gentlemen be the Addition and that they 

be chose by Ballot. 

On a Motion made, Voted, that the Choice of Gentlemen for the 
Comittee on Ways & Means, be referred to To'Clock in the Even- 
ing, & that a Comittee of 24 Gentlemen, Six of whom to be from 
the North, twelve from the middle, & Six from the South, part of 
the Town, be appointed to consider of a proper List to be pro- 
posed to the Town for this Addition to the Comittee on Ways & 

Means 

Voted that Captain Edward Procter 

Cap 1 . Fortesque Vernon 
[529.] M r . Alexander Hill 

M r . Paul Reviere 

Cap'. William Mackay 

M. John White 

M r . William Whitwel 

M. Edward Payne 

D r . John Greanleaf 

M r . John Brown 

M r . Isaac Peirce 

D r . Joseph "Warren 

Benj*. Austin Esq. 

M r . Daniel Waldo 

John Scollay Esq. 

M r . Oliver Wendell 

Capt. Samuel Partridge 

M r . Peter Boyer 

Major Tho 8 . Daws 

Tho'. Crafts jun r . 

William Lowder 

M r . John Preston 

M r . Samuel May 

Joshua Henshaw jun r . 
be a Comittee for the foregoing Purpose. 



Moved & seconded that the Vote passed in the Morning, relative 
to a Wharff being built, he reconsidered and the Question being 
put Passed in the Affirmative 

It was moved & Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to call a 
Meeting on Tuesday the 22 d . instant, 10 c . Clock A.M. to consider 
of such Propossals as may be made by the Comittee on Ways & 
Means, or on any other Proposals relative to the present Exigency 
of our Affairs. 

The Comittee to prepare a List for an Addition to the Comittee 
on Ways & means having Reported Voted, that 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 183 

Capt. Fortesque Vernoa 

M r . Edward Procter 

M r . John White 

M r . Gibbins Sharp 

Capt, William Mackay 
[530.] M r . Thomas Greenleaf 

Capt. Samuel Partridge 

Benj a . Austin Esq. 

M r . Jonathan Masoa 

M r . John Brown 

M r . James Richardson 

M r . Tho 9 . Crafts jun r . 

M r . Henry Hill 

Joshua Henshaw jun r . 
Be the Colnittee on Ways & Means in Addition to the Eleven 

Gentlemen before chosen. 

Voted, That M r . David Jeffries be added to this Comittee on 
Ways & Means, and that he be the Treasurer of said Committee. 
Also 

Voted, that Five Gentlemen of this Comittee be a quorum. 
Upon a Motion made, Voted, that 

M r . Samuel Adams 

Josiah Quincy Esq. 

John Adams Esq. 

D r . Benj a . Church 

D r . Joseph Warren 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 

D r . Thomas Young 

Rev d . Charles Chauncy D D. 

Rev d . Samuel Mather D. D. 

The Hon ble . Tho 8 . Gushing Esq. 

D r . Charles Jarvis 
Be a Comittee to consider & Report a Declaration to be made by 

this Town to Great Britain & all the World. 

Voted, That this Meeting be adjourned to Tuesday the 26 of 
July instant, 9 O'Clock A.M. 

Tuesday July 26 th . 9 o'Clock forenoon met according to Adjourn- 
ment of Port Bill Meeting 

Whereas a Vote was passed this Meeting, Viz* on the 12. day 
of June 1774 whereby the following Gentlemen, Viz'. 
[531.] M r . Samuel Adams 

John Rowe Esq. 

Thomas Boylston Esq. 

William Phillips Esq. 

D r . Joseph Warren 

John Adams Esq. 

Josiah Quincy Esq. 

Thomas Gushing Esq. 

M r . Henderson Inches 

M r . William Mollineux 

M r . Nathaniel Appleton 



184 CITF DOCUMENT No. 91. 

were appointed to take the several Proposals that have been made, 
relative to our Conduct in the present Exigency into Consideration 

& report 

And at an Adjournment of the former Meeting, Viz'., on the 17 
day of June 1774, the following Vote was passed Viz'., That all 
Grants & Donations to this Town, & the poor thereof at this dis- 
tressed Season, be paid & delivered into the Hands of the Over- 
seers of the poor in this Town, & by them appropriated & dis- 
tributed in Concert with the Comittee lately appointed by this 
Town for the Consideration of Ways & Means of Employing the 

poor. 

And at a further Adjournment of the same Meeting viz', on the 
19 th . day of July instant, the Overseers of the poor, for Reasons 
offered by them, did desire to be discharged from farther services, 
touching the Receiving & Distributing Donations, as above men- 
tioned, & the Town did then Vote that 

Capt. Fortesque Vernon 

Capt. Edward Procter 

M r . John White 

M r . Gibbins Sharp 

Cap'. Will" 1 . Mackay 

M r . Tho'. Greenough 

Capt. Samuel Partridge 

Benjamin Austin Esq. 

M r . Jonathan Mason 

M r . John Brown 

M r . James Richardson 

M r . Thomas Crafts jun r . 
[532.] M r . Henry Hill 

M r . Joshua Henshaw jun r . & 

M r . David Jeffries 

be added to the first named Comittee therefore Voted, that 
the Gentlemen, whose Names are aftermention'd Viz'. 

M r . Samuel Adams 

John Rowe Esq. 

M r . Tho 8 Boylston Esq. 

William Phillips Esq. 

D r . Joseph Warren 

John Adams Esq. 

Josiah Quincy Esq. 

Tho 8 . Gushing Esq. 

M r . Henderson Inches 

M r . Will ra . Mollineux 

M r . Nath 1 . Appleton 

Capt. Fortesque Vernon 

Capt. Edward Proctor 

M r . John White 

M r . Gibbins Sharp 

Capt. Will 1 ". Mackay 

M r . Tho 9 . Greenough 

Capt. Samuel Partridge 

Benjamin Austin Esq. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 185 

M r . Jonathan Mason 

M r . John Brown 

M r . James Richardson 

M r . Tho 1 . Crafts jun r . 

M r Henry Hill 

M r . Joshua Henshaw jnn r . 

M r . David Jeffries 

Bo & hereby are appointed the Comittee to receive all Donations 
that have been, or may be made for the Employment or Relief of 
such Inhabitants of this Town, as may be Sufferers for Want of 
Employment in their several Occupations, by means of the Act of 
the British Parliment for shutting up the Harbour of Boston, & to 
appropriate, improve or distribute the same for the Purpose afore- 
said, according to their best Discretion ; the said Comittee to be 

accountable to the Town. 

[533.] Voted, That all Matters and Things which remain un- 
finished be referred over to the next Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duly qualified & legally warned, in public Meet- 
ing assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Tuesday the 26 day of July, 
10 o'Clock forenoon A. D. 1774. 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting read \ 

M r . Samuel Adams Moderator. 

That Article of the Warrant, Viz'., " To determine on the Ex- 
pediency of appointing a Comittee of Seven by Ballot for the 
Purpose of Consulting proper Measures to be adopted for the com- 
mon Safety, during these Exigencies of our public Affairs, which 
may reasonably be expected, when the Acts of the British Parlia- 
ment, altering the Course of Justice, and annihilating our free Con- 
stitution, shall be enforced in the Province ; the Committee to make 
Report" was read, & after some Debate, the Question was put 
li Whether it be the Mind of the Town, that a Comittee of 
Seven Men be now appointed by Ballot for the Purpose of Consid- 
ering of proper Measures to be adopted for the Common Safety, 
during those Exigencies of our Public Affairs, which may reason- 
ably be expected, when the Acts of the British Parliament, altering 
the Course of Justice & annihilating our free Constitution, shall be 
enforced in the Province ; the Comittee to make Report" Passed 

in the Affermative 

The Inhabitants were then directed to withdraw & bring in their 
Votes for said Comittee, & upon sorting them it appeared that 
[534.] The Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams 
John Adams Esq. 
The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 
William Phillips Esq. 
D r . Joseph Warren 
Josiah Quincy Esq. 
were chose a Committee for the Purpose aforesaid 

That Article in the Warrant, Viz'. " To consider of what J^eas- 



186 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

ures are right & proper for the Town to adopt at this Time, rela- 
tive to the same Act of the British Parliament were read & 
considered, whereupon Voted, that 

Josiah Quincy Esq. 

M r . Samuel Adams ------ excused 

Joseph Greenleaf Esq. 
William Phillips Esq. 

Be a Comittee forthwith to draw up & report for the Consideration 
of this Town, a Letter to be sent to the other Towns, relative to 
the Two Bills for altering the Constitution of this Province 

That Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . "To take the Sense of the 
Town, relative to the Building One or more Houses, building one 
or more Vessels, repairing or paving the public Streets, erecting, 
or enlarging Wharves on the Town's Land, or any other public 
Work (to be carried on by means arising from Voluntary Dona- 
tions) for the Employment of the poor of the Town of Boston, at 
this Time of general Calamity " was read & considered ; where- 
upon the Question was put Whether the Town do approve of 
the Methods expressed in the Warrant for the Employment of 
those who may be suffering by the Port Bill, & do give Leave to 
the Couiittee appointed to consider of Ways & Means for that 
Purpose : to employ Persons in erecting or enlarging Wharves, 
building Vessels and Houses on the Town's Lands, or doing any 
other Work or Business, which they shall judge prudent or neces- 
sary ; [535.] The same to be carried on by Monies arising from 
voluntary Donations" Passed in the Affirmative unanimously 

That Article in the Warrant, Viz'. " To consider whether the 
Town will sell any, & what Part of the renl Estate belonging to 
the Town, lying within the Limits thereof" was read, & after 
some Debate, it was moved, & Voted, that this Article of the 
Warrant be passed over, & referred to some future Time for 
Consideration 

The Comittee to prepare a Letter to be sent to the other Towns, 
relative to the Two Bills for altering the Constitution of this Prov- 
ince, Reported a Draught, which was accepted Paragraph by 
Paragraph, and is as follows, Viz 1 ., 
Friends & Brethren, 

Our public Calamities have, for a Series of Years, been en- 
creasing, both in Number & Weight. We have endeavoured under 
all our public Misfortunes, to conduct as good Citizens in a 
COMMON CAUSE. Being stationed by Providence in the Front 
Rank of the Conflict, it hath been our Aim to behave with Vigi- 
'^nce, Activity & Firmness To warn our Brethren of approach- 
.iig Danger, to encounter with becoming Spirit the Trials of our 
Patience, hath been our Aim & our Duty. Our Friends & gener- 
ous Countrymen have given us Reason to think we have not 
altogether failed in our honest Endeavours in the Way of this 
Duty. 

Two Acts of Parliament, altering the Course of Justice & an- 
nihilating our free Constitution of Government, are every day 
expected. 

When we consider the Conduct of our late worthy House of Rep- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 187 

resentatives, relative to our Superior Court Judges, & their Im- 
peachment of the Hon ble Peter Oliver Esq. for his accepting a 
Salary from the Crown, in his Office of Chief Justice, & when we 
consider the uniform Spirit and Conduct of the several Grand Jur- 
ors tho' the Province, [536.] Touching the same Grievances 
since that Impeachment ; we cannot but suppose the aforemen- 
tioned Acts will bring on a most important & decisive Trial 

You, Gentlemen, our Friends, Countrymen & Benefactors, may 
possibly look towards us at this great Crisis. We trust that we 
shall not be left of Heaven to do any tiling derogatory to our 
Common Liberties, unworthy the Fame of our Ancestors, or incon- 
sistent with our former Professions & Conduct 

Though surrounded with a large Body of armed Men (who hav- 
ing the Sword have also our Blood in their Hands) we are yet un- 
daunted ; we trust in the God of our Fathers, & we feel the an- 
imating Support of a good Cause ; but which suffering the double 
Weight of Oppression & exasperated by a military Camp in the 
very Bowels of our Town, our Minds are not more in a Temper to 
DELIBERATE, than our Bodies in a situation to move, as the Perils 
& Exigencies of the Times may probably demand. 

To you, Gentlemen, our Brethren & dear Companions in the 
Cause of God & our Country we apply, from you we have received 
that Countenance & Aid, which has sti'engthened our Hands, & 
that Bounty, which has occasioned Smiles on the Face of Distress. 
To you, therefore, we look for that Wisdom, A'lvice & Example 
which, giving Strength to our Understandings & Vigor to our Ac- 
tions, shall with the Blessing of God save us from Destruction. 

Looking up to Heaven, and, under Divine Direction, to our 
Brethren in the Country & on the Continent, for Aid & Support, 
& with earnest Prayers for a happy Issue out of our Great Trou- 
.bles, we are, 

Your Friends & Brethren, 

The Inhabitants of Boston, Upon a Motion made, Voted, that 
a printed Copy of the following Letter to our Brethren in the sev- 
eral Towns & Districts in the Province be forthwith signed by 
the Town Clerk, & transmitted by the Cornittee of Correspond- 
ence, in the Name & Behalf of the Town. 

Adjourned to Tuesday the 9 th of August, 10 o'Clock Fore- 
noon. 

[537.] August 9 th 1774 10 o'Clock forenoon Met Accord- 
ing to Adjournment. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Coinittee on Ways & Means for employing the Poor; & 
receiving & aplying the Donations that have & may be made 
them at this distressing Season, Reported verbally, " That it was 
their Opinion, that the poor of our Sister Town of Charlestown, 
were suffering with us, under the Operation of the Boston Port 
Bill, ought to share with our poor in those Donations" upon 
which it was moved, & the Question accordingly put, " Whether 
our Sister Town of Charlestown is equitably intitled to a certain 
part of the Donations that are & may be received for the Employ- 



188 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

ment & Relief of such Persons as are Sufferers by the Operation 
of the Boston Port Bill, which passed in the Afferrnative, unani- 
mously also moved that whereas the Town of Charlestown have 
had an Encouragement from the Comittee on Ways & Means, 
that they were to receive seven p Cent out of the Donations men- 
tioned above, said Comittee may now accordingly be directed to 
apply for their Relief out of said Donations, in the Proportion of 
seven p Cent and the Question being put, passed in the Affir- 
mative 

The Comitte on "Ways & Means, reported further, That they 
had thought it expedient to erect a House at the South Part of the 
Town, on the Town's Land, for the Employment of Tradesmen, 
& now out of Work, provided the Town will furnish the Materials 
wanted for such a Building, upon Condition, that the Comitte on 
Ways & Means defray the whole Amount of the Labour, out of 
the Donations they have received." Upon which it was moved, 
that the Report be accepted, & that the Town give their Consent, 
that the Comittee should erect such a Building on the Land as was 
proposed, & that the Town Treasurer be directed to borrow upon 
Interest the Money necessary to purchase said Materials & the 
Question being put Passed in the Negative 

Jt was moved & seconded, that a Comittee be now appointed to 
make Appraisment of the Land at the South End, upon which a 
House had been proposed to be erected; and [538.] That the 
Coraittee on Ways & Means might have said Land at the ap- 
praised Value for the Purpose aforesaid and the Question being 
put Passed in the Negative 

It having been suggested, as probable, that some Towns in the 
Country were about applying for a Meeting of Deputies from the 
several Towns in the County, It was moved that some Measures 
might be taken for appointing Deputies, in Case a County Meeting 
should be called ; whereupon Voted, That the Comittee of Cor- 
respondence for this Town be, & hereby are appointed & directed 
to choose a Comittee to attend the County Congress, provided 
Application should be made for that Purpose 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, that the Selectmen be added to 
the Comittee now chosen, to appoint suitable Persons for the Coun- 
ty Congress, in Case Application should be made for that Pur- 
pose Also 

Voted, that this Comittee consist of five Persons. 

Adjourned to the last Tuesday in October next, 10 O'Clock 
A.M. 

At an Ajournment of the May Meeting Tuesday August 30 th . 
1774. 10 O'Clock Before Noon. 

A Motion was made & seconded that a Moderator for this Meet- 
ing be chose by a Hand Vote in the Room of M r . Sam 1 . Adams 
now attending the Congress. 

John Scollay Esq. was unanimously chosen a Moderator in the 
Room of M r . Adams now absent. 

The Comittee chosen by the Town were not ready to make their 
Report, at this Meeting, though called upon for this Purpose. 

A Motion was made & seconded " That the Sense of the Town 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 189 

be taken, Whether the Comittee on Ways & Means for employ- 
ing the Poor, be allowed & impowered [539.] If they shall judge 
it proper, to lay out a Brick Yard on Boston Neck for the making 
of Bricks and the Question being accordingly put Passed in 
the Affirmative 

A Motion was made that a Vote passed the 4 th . of July last, for 
not reconsidering a Vote passed the 13 th . of May, appointing a 
Comittee to consider the Petition of a Number of the Inhabitants, 
" That a public Well may be dug, & a Pump fixt upon Dock Square, 
for the farther Preservation of the Town from Fire, & the Accom- 
odation of the Inhabitants in that Neighbourhood with Water," 
which CoiTiittee was ordered to make Report at next March Meet- 
ing ; be now reconsidered & the Question being put Passed 
in the Affirmative also 

Voted, that the Coinittee appointed to consider of Ways & 
Means for employing the Poor of this Town, now out of Business 
by the Operation of the Port Bill, so called, be allowed & impow- 
ered to make such an Agreement with the Petitioners for a Well to 
be dug on Dock Square, as said Comittee may apprehend to be 
for the Advantage of the Town. 

Upon a Motion made, that there be a short Adjournment of this 
Meeting, in Order to receive the Report of a Committee, now sub- 
sisting, to judge of the Expediency of filling up the Dock, &c. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Tuesday the 13 th of 
Sepf. next 10 o'Clock before noon and the Meeting was accord- 
ingly adjourned 

At an Adjournment of the May Meeting September 13 th . 1774, 
10 o'Clock forenoon 

John Scollay Esq. chosen Moderator Pro Tempore of this Meet- 
ing, being now out of Town, it was moved, and 

[54O.] Voted, That the Town proceed to the Choice of a Mod- 
erator Pro Tempore. 

Moved & Voted, that the Choice of a Moderaf. pro. temp, be 
by a hand Vote. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. was chose a Moderator during the Ab- 
sence of the other Moderator 

The Chairman of the Coniittee appointed to consider the Expe- 
diency of filling up the Town Dock, Reported verbally, that they 
were not yet able to make a full Report, & as John Ruddock Esq. 
is now dead, they pray the Town that another Gentleman may be 
appointed in his Room. 

The Question being put, viz 1 . "Whether the Town will make any 
Addition to the Comittee on filling up the Dock Passed in tho 
Affirmative 

M r . Joshua Blanchard was added to the Comittee relative to Dock 
Square in the Room of John Ruddock Esq. deceased. 

Voted, That the foregoing Comittee be desired to report to the 
Town ; as may be convenient. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to the last Tuesday in 
September next 9 O'Clock A.M. being 21 th . Day 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duely qualified, & legally warned, in public Town 



190 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Meeting assembled at Fanueil Hall on Wednesday the 25 th . Day 

of September Anno Domini 1774 

Prayer was made by the Reverend D r . Mather 



The Precept & Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Sundry Laws read 

[541.] John Scollay Esq. Chairman of the Selectmen pro- 
posed in their Names to the Inhabitants assembled, to proceed 
to the Choice of One or more Persons to represent them in the 
Great & General Court or Assembly to be holden on the 5 th . day 
of October next ; & in order there to consider & ascertain the 
number of Gentlemen to be Elected, accordingly it was Voted, to 
proceed to the Choice of four Representatives ; & then it was de- 
clared by the Selectmen, that no Votes will be received but such 
as are unfolded & that they propose the Poll shall be closed at 12 

O'Clock 

The Votes being brought in for four Representatives, the Num- 
ber of the same were found to be three Hundred & Sixty Two, & 
upon sorting them it appeared, that the four following Gentlemen 
were chosen Viz'. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Cushing Esq. 362 

M r . Samnel Adams ----------- 361 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 362 

William Philips Esq. 362 

The Choice of Representatives being over & declared by the Select- 
men ; the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw, & bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, in order that the Town may 
proceed in transacting the other Affairs mentioned in the Warrant : 
Accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew, & brought in their Votes, 
& upon sorting them it appeared, that the Hon ble . John Hancock 
Esq. was chosen unanimously 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'. "To consider what Instruc- 
tions shall be given to the Gentlemen that may be chosen to repre- 
sent them in the said General Assembly," was read whereupon 
it was moved, & the Question accordingly put, Whether it is the 
sense of the Town, that Instructions be given to the Gentlemen 
chosen to represent this Metropolis which passed in the Nega- 
tive 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P.M. 

[542.] 3 O'Clock P.M. Met according to Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant viz'. " To choose four Collectors of 
Taxes in the Room of the late Collectors, who decline serving" 
was read and after some Debate 

Voted, That the Consideration of the Choice of Collectors of 
Taxes, in the Room of those who decline serving, shall subside 
for the present 

A Motion made that a Number of Resolves respecting a Provin- 
cial Congress, handed in to the Town might be now read & con- 
sidered & the Question being accordingly put Passed in the 
Negative 

Moved & seconded, that the Vote passed in the Morning for not 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 191 

Instructing the Gentlemen chosen to represent this Town, be now 

reconsidered, & after considerable Debate on the Motion 

Voted, that the farther Consideration thereof be referred till 

Tomorrow afternoon 3 O'Clock 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned till Tomorrow 3 O'Clock 

Afternoon 

Thursday September the 22 d . Town met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

The Motion for reconsidering the Vote passed for not Instruct- 
ing the Gentlemen chosen to represent us, again taken up, & the 
Question being put Whether said Vote shall be reconsidered, 
passed in the Affirmative : 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz 1 . "To consider what Instruc- 
tions shall be given to the Gentlemen that may be chosen to re- 
present this Town in General Assembly," again read, & after some 
Debate the Question was put Whether Instructions shall be 
given our Representatives, which passed in the Affirmative unani- 
mously. 

[543.] Voted, That D r . Joseph Warren 
D r . .Benjamin Church 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
Joseph Greenleaf Esq. 

M r ._John Pitts 

Be, & hereby are appointed a Comittee to prepare Instructions for 

our Representatives, the same to be Reported 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, Voted, That Three Persons 
be now appointed & impowered, in Addition to our four Repre- 
sentatives, to our four Representatives, to join with the Members 
who may be sent from the Neighbouring Towns in the Province, at 
a Time to be agreed on, in a General Provincial Congress, to act 
upon such Matters, as may then come before them, in such a man- 
ner as shall appear to them mst conducive to the true Interest of 
this Town & Province, & most likely to preserve the Liberties of 

all America. 

The Inhabitants were then directed to withdraw, & bring in 
their Votes for three Persons accordingly ; & the Votes being 
brought in & sorted, it appeared that the following Gentlemen. 
Viz'. D r . Joseph Warren 
D r . Benjamin Church 
M r . Nathaniel Appleton * 
were chosen Members of the Provincial Congress for the Purpose 

aforesaid 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, that the Committee appointed to 
prepare Instructions for our Representatives, be directed to set 

immediataly, & Report as soon as possible. 

The Comittee appointed to prepare Instructions for our Repre- 
sentatives reported the following Draught, which was accepted by 
the Town Viz'. 

To the Hon ble . Thomas Cushing Esq. 
M r . Samuel Adams 
The Hon blc . John Hancock Esq. 
William Phillips Esq. 



192 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Gentlemen, 

As we have now chosen you to represent us in the 
Great & General Court, to be holden at Salem,' on Wednesday, 
the 5 th . Day of October next ensuing, we do hereby instruct you, 
that in all your Doings, as Members of the House of Representa- 
tives, you adhere firmly to the Charter of this Pioviuce, granted 
by their Majesties King William & Queen Mary, & that you do no 

act, which can possibly be construed into an Acknowleg- 

ment of the Act of the British Parliament, for altering the Gov- 
ernment of Massachusetts' Bay ; more especially that you acknowl- 
ege the Hon ble . Board of Counsellors, elected by the General 
Court at their Sessions in May last, as the only rightful & consti- 
tutional Council of this Province. And, as we have Reason to 
believe that a Conscientious Discharge of your Duty will produce 
your Dissolution, as an House of Representatives We do hereby 
impower & instruct you to join with the Members, who may be 
sent from this & the Neighbouring Towns in the Province, & to 
meet with them on a time to be agreed on, in a General Provincial 
Congress, to act upon such Matters, as may come before you, in 
such a manner, as shall appear to you most conducive to the true 
Interest of this Town & Province, & most likely to preserve the 

Liberties of all America 

Voted, That this Meeting be dissolved and it was accordingby 
dissolved. 

At an Adjournment of the May Meeting, Tuesday October the 
25 th . 1774 9 O'Clock before Noon. 

John Scollay Esq r . pro Temp. Moderator of this Meeting, be- 
ing by Reason of Indisposition prevented giving [545.] His 
Attendance, & Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. the other pro Temp. 
Moderator, being out of Town, a Motion was made & passed that 

another Gentleman be chosen by a Hand Vote 

William Phillips Esq. 

was accordingly chosen Moderator of this Meeting, during the 
Absence of the other Gentlemen 

A Motion made & carried, that an Overseer of the Poor be 
now chosen in the Room of William White Esq. deceased 

The Town brought in their Votes accordingly & upon sorting 
them it appeared, that 

M r . John White 

was unanimously chosen an Overseer of the Poor for the Remain- 
der of the Year. 

The Comittee appointed to consider of the Expediency of filling 
up the Dock & c . acquainted the Town, that they were desirous of 
a farther Time for making their Report Whereupon it was 
Voted, that a farther Time be accordingly allowed them, & that 

they be desired to make Report at the Adjournment 

M r . Jatnes Foster Condy 

was chosen a Clerk of the Market for the Remainder of the Year, 
in the Room of M r . John Smith, lately removed out of this 
Town. 

A Motion made & seconded, that when this meeting shall be 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 193 

adjourned, it may be to the first Wednesday in December next, 

9 O'Clock before Noon. 

Voted, that this Meeting be accordingly adjourned to Wednes- 
day tlie seventh Day of December next ensuing, 9 O'Clock A. M. 

At an Adjournment of the Port Bill Meeting Tuesday October 

25 th . 1774. 10 O'Clock before Noon. 

[546.] M r . Samuel Adams, the Moderator of this Meeting 
being being now at the Continental Congress, it was moved that 

a Pro. Temp. Moderator be now chosen by a Hand Vote 

William Phillips P^sq. 
was accordingly chosen Moderator of this Meeting Pro. Tern. 

A Motion made that some Method may be pursued to prevent 
Bickerings & Disputes with the Troops in this Town during the 
Winter, & such Insults as have been given the Inhabitants by the 
Soldien-, at Boston Neck & Chalestowu Ferry and after some 
Debates the following Votes were Passed Viz 4 . 

Whereas Affrays may happen, by Reason of the Soldiers being 
quartered in this Town, and the Inhabitants are desirous to pre- 
serve Peace & good Order therefore Voted, that a Cofnittee be 
appointed to wait upon the Governor to consult upon such Ways 
& Means, as are not likely to procure this desirable Effect, & to 

report as soou as may be 

Voted, that William Phillips Esq. 
M r . James Richardson 
11*. Jonathan Mason 
J\I r . William Whitwel 
vl r . Samuel Partridge 
John Seollay Esq. 
Thomas Marshall Esq. 

be a Comittee to wait upon the Governor for the Purpose afore- 
said 

On a Motion made, that Ten Persons be added to the Comittee 
to consider of Ways & Means for employing the poor Sufferers 
by the Operation of the Boston Port Bill, so called. 
Voted, that M r . Daniel Waldo 

M r . William Whitwell 
[547.] Capt. John Pulling 
M r . Peter Boyer 
M r . Samuel May 
M r . John Avcry jun r . 
M r . W T illiam Boardman 
M r . John Soley 
Cap*. Nebemiah Soames 
M r . John Preston 

be & hereby are added to the Comittee on Ways & Means for 
supplying the Poor 

On a Motion made, Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to 
Tuesday next, being the 1'. Day of November 10 O'Clock fore- 
noon 

At an Adjournment of the Port Bill Meeting Tuesday Novem- 
ber 1' 10 O'Clock before Noon 



194 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

The Comittee appointed to wait upon bis P^xccllency the Gov- 
ernor, Reported, That they had had a Conference with the Governor 
agreable to the Vote of the Town, who declared he was ready to 
do every thing in his Power to promote the Peace and Good Order 
of the Town 

After considerable Debate, it was moved, and the Question 
accordingly put Whether the Report shall be accepted & it 
passed in the Affirmative 

Voted, That this Meeting be adjourned to Thursday next 
3 O'Clock Afternoon 

At an Adjournment of the Port Bill Meeting Thursday No- 
vember 3 d . 1774 3 O'Clock Afternoon 

A Motion made & the Question accordingly put, Whether a 
Comittee shall be appointed to take into Consideration, what are 
the proper Ways & Means to secure the Peace & good Order of 
the Town Which passed in the Affirmative 

Voted, that William Phillips Esq. Moderator 
John Scollay Esq. 

[548.] The Hon ble John Hancock Esq. 
M r . Timothy Newell 
Thomas Marshall Esq. 
M r . Samuel Austin 
M r . Oliver Wendell 
M r . John Pitts 
D r . Joseph Warren 
D r . Benjamin Church 
M r . Thomas Boylston 

Be, & hereby are appointed a Committee, to consider & report at 
the Adjournment, what are the proper Ways and Means to se- 
cure the Peace & good Order of the Town 

Voted, That this Meeting be adjourned to Monday next, 3 
O'Clock Afternoon 

At an Adjournment of the Port Bill Meeting Thursday No- 
vember 3^1774, 3 O'Clock Afternoon 

The Comittee appointed to take into Consideration what are the 
proper Ways & Means to secure the Peace & good Order of the 
Town, Reported as follows, Viz'. 

Whereas sundry Regiments of his Majesty's Troops are, con- 
trary to Law, & to the great Annoyance & Detriment of his Majes- 
ty's good Subjects of this Province, now stationed in the Town of 
Boston, in a Time of profound Peace, for the avowed Purpose of 
carrying into Execution, sundry Acts of the British Parliament, 
tending to enslave the People, & to subvert the Constitution of 
this Province, which it is our Duty to protest against upon all 
Occasions, yet nevertheless, we, the Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston, in Town Meeting legally assembled, taking into seri- 
ous Consideration, the distressed Circumstances of this Metropo- 
lis, & being anxious still to use our best Endeavours to preserve 
that Decency & Order, for which the Town has ever been remark- 
able ; relying on the Justice of our Cause [549.] And confiding in 
the united Endeavors of the Colonies, the Wisdom of the Conti- 
nental Congress, the Justice & Clemency of our Sovereign, & the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 105 

Smiles of Divine Providence, that our Grievances, will shortly be 
redressed, & our unalienable & precious Rights, Liberties and 
Privileges, be restored & secured to us, upon a Just & permanent 
Basis Therefore we recommend, That as his Excellency the 
Governor has assured the Town, that he will do all in his Power 
to secure the Peace & good Order of the Town ; 

That the Town on their Part will exert their best Endeavors to 
effect the same desirable Purpose, & to this End would augment 
the Town Watch to the Number of Twelve Men in each Watch ; 
and it is recommended to the Selectmen, that they increase the 
Watch to the Number of Twelve Men in each Watch House, for 
the security & Safety of the Inhabitants, & that they be directed 
to Patrole the Streets of the Town for the whole Night the Win- 
ter Season 

And, it is earnestly desired that his Majesty's Justices of the 
Peace, & other Peace-Officers, would exert their Authority for the 
Observance of the Laws, & Preservation of Peace & Order ; & 
that when they hear of any Disturbance, they would not wait for a 
Complaint but call on the Inhabitants, who will at all Times be 
ready in assisting to disperse such Persons, or of bringing Offend- 
ers, of what Sort or Rank whatsoever to Justice. 

As in our present Situation, it is incumbent on us particularly 
to attend to the Peace & good Order of the Town, it is therefore 
earnestly recommended to the Inhabitants to do all in their Power 
to prevent or suppress any Quarrels or Disturbances And it is 
seriously recommended to all Masters of Families, that they re- 
strain their Children & Servants from going abroad after Nine 
O'Clock in the Evening, unless on necessary Business And it is 
farther recommended to the Selectmen of the Town 1o enjoin upon 
all Retailers & Taverns of the Town, that they strictly conform to 
the Laws of the Province relating to disorderly Persons 

WILLIAM PHILLIPS, p Order 

[55O.] The foregoing Report having been read, and con- 
sidered Paragraph by Paragraph, the Question was put Whether 
the same shall be accepted Passed in the Affirmative 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, that a Comittee be now ap- 
pointed to wait upon his Excellency the Govenor, & to acquaint 
him, that the Town, on their part, being disposed to do their ut- 
most to preserve Peace and good Order, have come into such Res 

olutions, as they apprehend conducive to so happy a Purpose. 

Voted, that John Scollay Esq. 

The Hon ble John Hancock Esq. 

M r . Timothy Newell 

Thomas Marshall Esq. 

M r . Samuel Austin 

M r . Oliver Wendell 

M r . James Pitts 

D r . Joseph Warren 

D r . Benj a . Church 

M r . Thomas Boylston 

William Phillips Esq. Moderator 
be a Committee for the Purpose aforesaid also 



196 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Voted, that the foregoing Committee be & they hereby are in- 
structed to confer with the Governor upon such Matters as have 
been mentioned by D r Church in this Meeting 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to 
give Orders for the Lighting of the Lamps, when they shall think it 
proper. 

Voted, that a Comittee be now chosen to procure Subscriptions 
for the Purpose of Lighting of the Town Lamps. 

[551.] On a Motion made, Voted, that the above Vote re- 
specting Subscriptions for lighting the Lamps be reconsidered 

Voted,, that this Meeting be adjourned to Wednesday December 
7 th 10 o'Clock A. M. 

At a Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, legally 
warned, at Faneuil Hall, December 7 th 1774, by Adjournment of 
the May Meeting from October 2o th 

The former Moderator being absent a Motion was made & car- 
ried for choosing a Moderator Pro Tern pore by a hand Vole 

Jonathan Williams Esq. 
was chosen Moderator, Pro Tern pore of this Meeting. 

Upon a Motion made, the Vote which passed at a former Meet- 
ing, relative to Beacon Hill was read & considered 

The Town Treasurer attended by Order of the Town, & being 
asked, Whether the Bonds of Submission relative to the Dispute 
with M r . Hudson, about a Supposed Encroachments on Beacon 
Hill, had been executed he informed the Town that those Bonds 
had not been executed 

A Motion made by James Otis Esq. relative to Faneuil Hall, 
after some Debate, upon the Gentleman's own Motion he had 
Leave to withdraw it 

A Motion was made & seconded, that upon Account of the pres- 
ent Difficulties of Collecting the Town Taxes, that the School 
master & Town Clerk, shall be allowed Interest on the Sums they 
shall have Draughts for, until they shall have received Payment ; 
but the Town Treasurer being present, & acquainting the Town, 
that by a former Vote the Schoolmasters were allowed Interest, 
the Motion was withdrawn. 

Upon a Motion made, Voted that the Town Treasurer be, & he 
hereby is directed & impowered to give his Negative Vote on In- 
terest to the Town Clerk, for such Sums as he shall have a War- 
rant upon the Treasury for, for Services done 

[552.] The Town were informed, that the Collectors of Taxes 
for the present Year had declined quaifying themselves agreeable 
to a Vote of the Town, & refused taking the Books from ihe As- 
sessors upon the usual Terms After considerable Debate upon 
this Matter; It was the Sense of the Town that Nothing far- 
ther should be said at this Time. 

Whereas the Town, at their Meeting on the 4 th . of July last, 
agreed with M r . Hudson to submit the Disputes respecting Beacon 
Hill, & Arbitrators were mutually chosen to issue the Matter in 
Dispute, by the 5 th . of September last, & the said Term being 
elapsed ; 'tis now mutually agreed between the Town & M r . Hudson, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1773. 197 

that the same Matters may be taken up by the said Arbitrators, & 
awarded as soon as may be 

The Committee relative to Dock Square informed the Town, that 
they were not yet able to Report at this Meeting 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P.M. 

3 O'Clock P.M. met according to Adjournment 

The Comittee relative to filling up the Dock having Reported 
in the forenoon, that they were not ready to make Report, had 
Leave to sit again, & said Comittee are directed to take such 
Affidavits as they may think necessary. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Wednesday next, 9 
O'Clock forenoon and the Meeting was accordingly adjourned. 
Boston ss. See page 501 

At a Meeting of His Majestys Justices of the Peace dwelling 
in the Town of Boston & the Selectmen of said Town June 17 th . 
1773. 

Whereas a considerable number of the Freeholders & Other In- 
habitants of the Town of Boston did by their Petition to the Jus- 
tices & Selectmen in said Town set forth that the greatest part of 
the Lands from Ann Street to Middle Street whereby the Fire which 
happened in Boston [553.] on the 3 Day of February 1767 be- 
came desolate & vacant ; thay Paddys Alley so called which runs 
through those Lauds tho', very narrow was from its situation ex- 
tremely beneficial & useful to the said Inhabitants & that scarce 
any Street in Town was more improved than said Alley and that it 
was absolutely necessary to have a way there : The Petitioners 
therefore prayed that a commodious Street there should be laid and 
not only for the convenience of the Town but also that such of the 
Inhabitants as were burnt out might be encouraged to Rebuild, and 
upon consideration of the Premisses said Justices and Selectmen 
on the sixteenth Day of April Anno Dom. 1767 laid out a new 
Street accordingly, but the same as then laid out being found to 
be prejudicial to numbers of Persons & Inconvenient for the pub- 
lick, before a Jury was Appointed to Assess damages &c ; upon a 
Representation thereof made to the General Court at their Session 
in January last said Court by an Act then passed did set Aside & 
disannul what was done by the Justices and Selectmen relative to 
the laying out of said new Street on the sixteenth Day of April 
1767 and by said Act & another Act passed by said General Court 
at their Session in May last did give power to the Justices in said 
Town together with the Selectmen or a major part of each Assent- 
ing thereto to state & lay out a new Street of twenty feet in wedth 
from Ann Street to Middle Street beginging at Ann Street & so 
running up Paddys Alley to the Brick Wall on the Easterly end of 
M r . Gedneys Land in said Alley and no further, and said Justices 
& Selectmen are also impowered by the last of said Acts to lay 
out said Street of a greater wedth than twenty Feet in or near the 
middle part thereof if they should Judge, it more convenient 
Whereupon We Edmund Quincy, John Hill, Belcher Noyes, Arnold 
Wells, Joseph Gardner, John A very, John Tudor, & Samuel Pem- 
berton, being a major part of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace 
for the County aforesaid dwelling in the Town of Boston, And we 



198 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

John Scollay, John Hancock, Timothy Newell, & Thomas Mar- 
shall, being a Major part of the Selectmen of said Town having 
carefully viewed the said Alley and the Land made desolate & va- 
cant by said Fire & duly considered of the Premisses have for the 
conveniency and accomodation of that place and of the Inhabi- 
tants aforesaid pursuant to the Power given us in & by the Acts 
aforesaid Stated & laid out and Established a New Street through 
the vacant and desolate Lands aforesaid including the aforesaid 
Alley in Manner following viz 1 , beginning at the North Easterly 
Corner of the Brick Tenement, or [554.] (Ell, so called) belong- 
ing to the Heirs of M r . Meriam Tyler deceased fronting on said 
Ann Street and from thence running on said Street to the North 
East Corner of the Brick House belonging to the Heirs or Assigns 
of Cap 4 . William Fletcher deceased measuring on said Ann Street 
including Padd} T s Alley aforesaid twenty feet, and from said Ann 
Street it runs towards the Westward One hundred & thirty three 
feet of the wedth of twenty feet, and from thence it widens until 
it comes abreast of or opposite to Cap'. Robert Balls Gate where 
said New Street is twenty three feet Six Inches in wedth, and from 
thence on said Opposet side it runs narrowing till it comes to said 
Gedneys Brick Wall where it ends on this side & is thereof the 
wedth of twenty feet, and then said Street is but fourteen feet 
wide and from thence continues on a line with said Gedneys Dwell- 
ing houses & Lands, somewhat bevelling till it comes to Middle 
Street where it is but twelve feet wide, on the Opposite or South- 
westerly side, said new Street runs from Ann Street beginning at 
the North East Corner of said Fletchers Brick House to Middle 
Street and the Lands bounding thereon belonging to the Heirs or 
Assigns of said William Fletcher deceased Jonathan Gushing de- 
ceased, Cap*. Robert Ball the Heirs or Assigns of Robert Henry 
deceased, Joseph Sherburne Esq r . Thomas Emmons, Asa Stodder, 
John Briant, and Joseph Jackson, when it comes into Middle Street, 
And we have laid and set off, the aforesaid Brick Ell, Tenement 
of said Tyler, and all the Lands of every Person whomsoever in- 
cluded & fallen within the Lines aforesaid into the same new Street 
to remaine and continue a part & parcel of said New Street for- 
ever In Witness whereof we hereunto set our hands the Seven- 
teeth Day of June Anno Domini 1773 John Scollay, John Han- 
cock, Tim . Newell Tho". Marshall Selectmen of Boston Edm. 
Quincy, John Hill, Belcher Noyes, Arnold Welles, John Avery, 
Joseph Gardner, John Tudor, Sam 1 . Pemberton, Justices of the 
Peace Exam d . William Cooper, Town Clerk. 
Suffolk ss. 

To Nathaniel Ruggles Esq r . James Mears, Aaron Davis jun r . 
Caleb Howard, Samuel Sumner, Nathaniel Felton, John Greaton 
jun r . all of Roxbury, Eleazer Clap & Samuel Topliff of Dorchester, 
Elisha Gardner, Thomas Aspiuwal & Eleazer Baker all of Brook- 
line, and all in the County of Suffolk Greeting 

Wliereas in and by an Act made and passed by the Great and 
[555.] General Court or Assembly of the Province of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay held at Boston by Adjournment on the third Day of 
January last. It was Enacted that it shall be in the Power of the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1773. 199 

Justices of the Peace in the Town of Boston together with the 
Selectmen (or the Major Part of Each Assenting thereto) to state 
and lay out a Street Way or passage through the Lands in said 
Act mentioned twenty feet wide from Middle Street so called to Ann 
Street so called, in said Town as should be most for the Convenien- 
cyand Accomodation of the place by extending enlarging, streight- 
ening, or otherwise Altering the Street or Lane called Paddys Alley 
in said Act Mentioned : And that where Any Particular Person or 
Persons shall have their Lands or Tenements of Any part thereof 
taken away or leesen'd thereby, A Jury of twelve Men shall be 
Appointed by two Justices of the Peace and sworn to a certain the 
Value thereof to be paid by the Person to whose Land the same 
shall be Added or by the Neighbourhood or Town in proportion to 
the benefits or Conveniency any shall have thereby, according to 
their best Skill And understanding ; Provided Nevertheless that 
the two Justices and Jury Aforesaid shall not be Inhabitants of 
the Town of Boston. And whereas in and by one other Act or 
the Great & General Court aforesaid made and Passed in their 
Sessions in May last; in Addition to and explanatory of the afore 
in Part Recited Act, It was Enacted that said Justices & Select- 
men of the Town of Boston, .or a Major Part of Each be and they 
were thereby impowered and directed, as soon as may be to lay 
out said Street twenty feet in wedth, begining at Ann Street, and 
so running up Paddys Alley to the Brick wall on the Easternmost 
End of the Land of George Broughton Godney in said Alley and 
no further ; And it was further Enacted, that if said Justices and 
Selectmen, or a Major Part of each, should Judge it more Conven- 
ient to have said Street of a greater wedth than twenty feet in or 
near the middle Part of it, where the Lands are vacant, they were 
directed and impowered to lay out the same Accordingly, the Act 
aforesaid notwithstanding, And that in all other Things the Jus- 
tices Selectmen, Jury and all Persons interested or concerned 
were to Proceed according to the directions of the aforementioned 
Act. All which in and by the afore in part recited Acts (refer- 
ence thereto being had) will more fully Appear. And where as a 
Major Part of the Justices, and a Major part of the Selectmen, in 
the Town of Boston aforesaid in pursuance of the afore last men- 
tioned Act, have Staked and laid out a Street including said Alley 
in manner following Viz', beginning at the North East Corner of 
the Brick Tenement (or Ell so called) belonging to the heirs or 
Assigns of M r . Meriam Tyler deced, Fronting on said Ann Street 
and from thence running, and [5.56.] said Street to the North- 
east Corner of the Brick house belonging to the Heirs & Assigns 
of Cap 4 . William Fletcher deced, measuring on said Ann Street in- 
cluding Paddys Alley aforesaid, twenty feet and from said Ann 
Street it runs towards the Westward One hundred & thirty three 
feet of the the wedth of twenty feet, and from thence it widens 
untill it comes abreast of or Opposite to Cap'. Robert Balls gate 
where said New Street is twenty three feet six inches in wedth, 
and from thence on said Opposite side it runs narrowing till it 
comes to said Gedneys brick wall where it ends on this side and 
is there of the wedth of twenty feet, and then said Street is but 



200 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

fourteen feet wide, and from thence continues on a Line with s'd 
Gedne}*s Dwelling houses and Lands somewhat bevelling till it 
comes to Middle Street where it is but twelve feet wide ; on the 
opposite or Southwesterly side, said New Street runs from Ann 
Street begining at the Northeast Corner of said Fletchers Brick 
Dwelling house to Middle Street and the Lands bounding thereon 
belonging to the Heirs or Assigns of said William Fletcher deced 
Jonathan Gushing decud, Cap'. Robert Ball, the heirs or Assigns 
of Robert Henry deceased, and William Jepson deced, Thomas 
Emmons, Asa Stoddard, John Briant, & Joseph Jackson when it 
enters into Middle Street, said Justices and Selectmen also laid 
and Sett off the aforesaid Brick Ell or Tenement of said Tylers, 
and all the Lands of every Person whomsoever included within the 
Lines aforesaid into said New Street; to remain and continue A 
Part and Parcel of the same forever as by the Return made by the 
Justices dwelling in said Town of Boston, and the Selectmen of 
said Town preference thereto being had will fully Appear. 

Pursuant therefore to the Directions of the Acts aforesaid, and 
by virtue of the Power therein given to us, We the Subscribers, 
A'iz*. Nathaniel Hatch of Dorchester and Joseph Williams of Rox- 

bury two of his Majestys Justices of the Peace within and 

for the County of Suffolk, do hereby Appoint you the said Na- 
thaniel Ruggles Foreman James Mears Aaron Davis Jun r . Caleb 
Havard Samuel Sumner, Nathaniel Felton, John Greaton Jun r . 
Ebenezer Clap, Samuel Toplift, Elisha Gardner, Thomas Aspin- 

wal & Eleazer Baker A Jury and being first sworn you 

are to go upon and view the Brick Tenement Lands and Premisses 
that are taken in, and unto the said new Street as stated and laid 
out by said Justices and Selectmen as aforesaid and to whom they 
belonged, and you are then to Value and acertain the Loss and 
Damages that any Person or Persons their Heirs or Assigns do 
suffer or Sustain by having their Lands or Tenement taken [557.] 
away & added to said New' Street, and you are to determin by 
whom such Loss and Damages and also the Costs and Charges 
Attending the Business Aforesaid) shall be paid, and if you 
should find that any Person in the Neighbourhood have taken in 
and Added to their Lands any Part of said Paddys Alley, or you 
shall Judge the Town of Boston, or the Estate of any Persons in 
the Neighbourhood of said new Street or near the same will be 
benefited thereby. You are to Assess said Town, and Persons at 
their Estates, such a Proportion of said Loss Damages and 
Charges, as to you shall seem just according to your best skill and 
Understanding and as soon as you have compleated the same you 
are to make return hereof with your doings thereon unto Us or 
one of Us, or to the Selectmen of the Town of Boston aforesaid, 
that so the same may be Entered with the Records of said Town, 
and said New Street known for a Publick Street or Highway for- 
ever. Given under our hands & Seals at Dorchester the Nine- 
teenth da} r of July, in the thirteenth year of His Majestys Reign 
AnnoqeDom; 1773 Nath 1 . Hatch Jo 8 . Williams Note the Par- 
ties interested or concern'd are to be present if they see cause 

Suffolk s". Roxbury July 26 th . 1773. The aforenamed Nathan- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1773. 201 

iel Ruggles, James Mears, Aaran Davis Jun r . Caleb Howard, 
Samuel Sumner, Nathaniel Felton, John Greaton J r . Ebenezer 
Clap, Samuel Toplift, Elisha Gardner, Thomas Aspinwal & 
Eleazer Baker, Personally Appeared & made Solemn Oath that 
they would do and Perform all the several Matters & things they 
are required & directed to do, in & by the afore written Warrant 
According to their best Skill and Understanding Before Jo 9 . Wil- 
liams Justice Peace 

Exam d . WILLIAM COOPER Town Clerk 

We the Subscribers a Jury appointed in & by the aforewritten 
Warrant hereunto annexed ; for the Purposes therein mentioned 
being sworn by Joseph Williams Esq r . One of his Majestys Jus- 
tices of the peace went several times upon the Brick Tenement 
Lands & premisses taken away & added to this New Street by 
Paddeys Alley so Called in Boston stated & Laid out by the Jus- 
tices of the Peace & Selectmen of said Town as particularly men- 
tioned in said Warrant & having Notifyed the Proprietors of said 
Lands ; & beared them as also the Selectmen [558.] of Boston 
we carefully viewed the same, and find that the Lands & premisses 
taken from several Persons and Added to said New Street are as 
follows & c . 

V z . A large Tenement fronting Easterly upon Ann Street 
measuring thereon fourteen feet two Inches with a Cellar under 
the same, and from said Ann Street it runs one hundred & fifty 
feet Nine Inches to the Westward, of the wedth of fourteen feet 
two Inches through the Lands now or late belonging to the Heirs 
or Assigns of M r . Merriam Tyler deced & from thence said New 
Street runs thro* the Lands of William Scott Sixty Six feet in 
length, and fourteen feet Six Inches in depth, & from said Scott 
it runs thro the Lands of Jacob Emmons fifteen feet in length and 
twenty three feet Six Inches in depth, and from said Emmons land 
it runs thro' the Land of William Simpkins two feet in length in- 
cluding one half of a private Way or Passage way that lay in 
Common between him & Joseph Sherburn Esq. being, as tis said 
their property & twenty one feet four inches in depth, and from 
thence it runs thro' said Sherburns laud including his half of said 
Alley Twenty two feet in length & Twenty one feet four Inches 
in depth, and from thence thro' the Lands belonging to the Estate 
of James Dodge deced fourteen feet six inches in Length includ- 
ing half of a Private Alley or passage way that (as tis said) 
belongs to said Dodges Estate and the heirs of Rachel Hobby 
deced, and Six feet in depth and from thence it runs thro' the 
Lands of said Rachel Hobby or her heirs twelve feet Six inches 
in length (including half of said Alley) and Six feet in depth, 
and then said New Street meets with the Brick wall of a house 
belonging to George Broughton Gedney where it ends of the 
Wedth of twenty feet, and then said Street is but fourteen feet in 
Wedth, & so continues on a Line on this Northeasterly side with 
said Gedneys Dwelling Houses & Lands somewhat bevelling till it 
comes and enters into Middle Street where it is but Twelve feet 
wide ; on the Opposet or Southwesterly side said New Street runs 



202 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

from Ann Street to Middle Street & the [559.] Lands bounded 
thereon belong to the heirs of M. Margaret Fletcher decOd 
Margaret Newman Cap 1 . Robert Ball the Heirs of Robert Henry 
deced Joseph Sherburn Esq r . Thomas Ernmons, Asa Stoddard 
John Brian! & Joseph Jackson when it comes to Middle Street, or 
be the Measure of any of the Lands aforesaid be they more, or 
be they Less, We having maturely Considered of all the Matters 
and things we were directed to in and by the Warrant aforesaid, 
do Report our Determination thereupon as follows 

Viz 1 . That the Heirs Assigns or Proprietors of the Tenement or 
Ell & Lands belonging to the Estate of M rs : Meriam Tyler decSd, 
be allowed & paid Two hundred & Thirty pounds for there Loss 
& Damages sustained by taking said Ell & Lands from them as 
laid out & Added to the New Street Aforesaid That William Scott 
be allowed Twenty Five pounds for his Loss & Damages in taking 
from him Lands that is laid out in the New Street Aforesaid 
That Jacob Emmons be Allowed Five pounds for his Loss and Dam- 
ages in taking from him Lands that is laid out in the NeVv Street 
Afforesaid That William Simpkins be Allowed Five pounds for his 
Loss and Damages in taking from him Lands that is laid out in the 
New Street afforesaid That Joseph Sherburne Esq r . be Allowed 
Seven pounds for his Loss and Damages in taking from him Lands 
that is Laid out in the New Street Aforesaid 

That the Heirs of James Dodge be Allowed Three pounds for 
their Loss & Damages in taking from them Lands that is laid out 
in the New Street Aforesaid 

[559.] That the Heirs of Rachel Hobby be Allowed Two 
pounds for their Loss & Damages in taking from them Lands that 
is Laid out in the New Street Aforesaid 

That Sixteen pounds Ten Shillings be allowed the Justices & 
Jury for their Time Trouble & Expences on the Business Assign'd 
them And we further Report that George Broughton G-edney be 
& hereby is Assessed the Sum of Three pounds Merriams Heirs 
One pound, Joseph Jackson Three pounds, John Bryant Two 
pounds, Asa Stoddard Four pounds, Thomas Emmons Five 
pounds, The Heirs of Robert Henry deced Three pounds Robert 
Ball Eighty pounds for Priveledge & Land taken in Belonging to 
Paddays Alley, M Newman Twenty Five pounds, The Heirs 
of the Widdow Fletcher deced Twenty pounds for their Priveledge 
being better for the New Street 

And we further say that the Sum of One hundred Seventy Sev- 
en pounds Ten Shillings Be paid by the Town of Boston Making 
in the whole the Sum of Three hundred & Twenty three pounds 
Ten Shillings & that be in full (when paid) of Loss Damages 
Cost & Charges &c. Attending the Business Aforesaid. And We 
further Report & Determine that the Aforesaid Brick Tenement 
(or Ell) belonging to the heirs or Assigns of said Meriam Tyler 
shall be pulled down, and the Celler filled up and the Fences in- 
cluded in said New Street be removed, at the Cost & Chargs of 
the Proprietors of said premisses, within Sixty days & that the 
several Sum & Sums of Money Assessed on the Persons afore- 
named be paid & the Work dun in Forty days from the Date here- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1773. 203 

of & we hereby Assess them & Their Estates for payment of the 
same Accordingly And further we do Allow & Assign unto the 
Proprietors of said Miriam Tylers Estate All the Brick Windows 
[56O.] And Materials of or belonging to said Brick Tenement or 
Ell, for their Use & Benefit Witness our hands this Third Day 

of August One Thousand Seven hundred & Sevent}" three 

Nath 1 Ruggles, James Meai's, Aaron Davis Jun r Caleb Hayward 
Sam 1 . Sumuer Nath 1 . Felton, John Greaton Jun r Ebenezer Clap 
Sam Toplift, Elisha Gardener, Tho'. Aspinwall Jun r . Eleazer 
Parker. 

The aforegoing Assessment Exam. 

WILLIAM COOPER Town Clerk. 



[End of Book 5 of Town Records. W. H. W.] 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS. 



[SIXTH BOOK.] 



At a Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston p Ad- 
journment of the Port Bill Meeting from November the 7 th . at 
Faneuil Hall, December 7 th . 1774, 10 O'Clock. 

The former Moderator being absent it was Voted that a Pro 
Temp. Moderator be now chosen by a Hand Vote 

Jonathan Williams Esq. was chosen Modern tor Pro Tempore. 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, tliat a Committee be now chosen 
toprepare & bring in a List of proper Persons, to serve as a 
Coinittee, for carrying the Resolutions of the late Continental 

Congress into Execution. 

Voted, that Jonathan Williams Esq. 
James Otis Esq. 
M r . Paul Reverie 
M r . John Pitts 
M r . Thomas Crafts Jun*. 
Cap'. Abiel Ruddock 
M r . Thomas Chase 

be a Committee for the above Purpose 

Adjourned to half past 3 O'Clock P.M. 

1/2 past 3 O'Clock met according to Adjournment 
A Motion made, & the question put, Whether it is the sense of 
the Town, that the Coinittee of Correspondence now subsists, & 
that they continue their good services, till the farther Order of the 
Town and that either Seven of the Committee of Correspond- 
ence be & hereb}- are impowered to conduct the Business of said 

Coiiiittee Which passed in the Affirmative unanimously. 

[2.] The Committee to prepare a List for a Committee of In- 
spection, & to carry the Resolutions of the Continental Congress 
into Execution Reported the following Names, & that Seven of 
said Gentlemen shall be a Quorum Which Report was accepted 
by the Town The Comittee are as follows, Viz'. 
The Hon ble . Thomas Cushing Esq. 
Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 
M r . Samuel Adams 
William Phillips Esq. 
Col: Thomas Marshall 
M r . John Pitts 
M r . Oliver Wendell 



206 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91, 

M r . Samuel Austin 
Benj a . Austin Esq. 
Deacon Caleb Davis 
M r . Will m . Whitwel 
Samuel Barret Esq. 
M r . Jonathan Mason 
Capt. John Bradford 
M r . John Brown 
M r . William Powell 
Major Richard Boynton 
Ezekiel Cheever Esq. 
Capt. Edward Proctor 
M r . James Ivers 
M r . Ebenezer Hancock 
M r . William Greenleaf 
M r . Samuel Whitwell 
M r . Hermon Brimmer 
M r . Martin Brimmer 
M r . Peter Bover 
D r . Benjamin Church 
D r . Joseph Warren 
Joseph Greenleaf Esq. 
[3.] Capt. Benjamin Waldo 

Capt. John Pulling 
M r . Paul Reviere 
M r . John Winthrop 
M r . Samuel Pitts 
Capt. Abiel Ruddock 
D r . Charles Jarvis 
M r . Thomas Chase 
Major Nathaniel Barbour 
Capt. Fortosque Vernon 
Capt. Job Prince 
Capt. Caleb Hopkins 
M r . Moses Gill 
M r . Thomas Boylston 
Capt. John Marstpn 
Major Newman Greenough 
M r . Moses Grant 
M r . Foster Condy 
Henry Bromfield Esq. 
M r . Cyrus Baldwin 
M r . Bessinger Foster 
M r . Isaac Pierce 
M r . Enock Brown 
M r . Joseph Ayres 
M r . Henry Bass 
Capt. Samuel Partridge 
M r . Joshua Bracket 
Jonathan Williams Esq. 
M r . Edward Davis 
Capt. Ebenezer Johnson 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 207 

M r . Elias Parkman 

M r . John Avery 

D r . Nathaniel Noyes. 

On a Motion made, Voted, that a Committee be appointed to 
draught a Vote of Thanks of the Town of Boston expressive [4.] 
of their Gratitude for the benevolent Assistance which tliey have 
received from the other Colonies, during their present Calamities 
& particularly for generous Recotnendation of the respectable Con- 
tinental Congress for farther Support from their Sister Colonies, 
during their unhappy Struggles, under the arbitrary & Oppressive 

Measures of the present British Administration 

Voted, that Jonathan Williams Esq. Moderator 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. 

D r . Benjamin Church 

D r . Joseph Warren 

M r . John Pitts 

Joseph Greenleaf Esq. 

M r . William Cooper 

be a Comittee to prepare said Report, & report the same at the 
Adjournment. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Wednesday next, be- 
ing 14 th . Instant, 10 O'Clock A.M. 

At a Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston by Ad- 
journment of the May Meeting from December 7 th . 1774 at Fan- 
euil Hall December 7" 1 ., 1/2 past 9 O'Clock A.M. 

M r . Samuel Adams in the Chair 

Warrant for calling this Meeting again, read. 

Upon a Motion made for a farther Adjournment of this Meeting, 
as several Comittees were not ready to make Report 

Voted, that all Matters & things which remain unfinished, be 
referred over to the Adjournment of this Meeting 

On a Motion made, Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 
Monday 26 th . Instant, 10 O'Clock forenoon 

And the Meeting was adjourned accordingly 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston, at Faneuil Hall December 14, 1774, 10 O'Clock A.M. 
p r . Adjournment of the Port Bill Meeting 

[5.] M r . Samuel Adams in the Chair 

It having been suggested in this Meeting, that a Paper signed 
T. Gage, being an Answer to a Letter, written to General Gage 
by the Hon ble . Payson Randolph Esq. President of the late Con- 
tinental Congress, contains diverse Gross Mistakes, to the Preju- 
dice of this Town, 

Therefore Voted, that 

M r . Samuel Adams 
D r . Benjamin Church 
D r . Joseph Warren 

be a Comittee to consider the same, & to report at the Adjourn- 
ment. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Monday the 26 th . of De- 
cember Instant 11 O'Clock forenoon 

And the Meeting was adjourned accordingly 



208 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

At a Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, at 
Faneuil Hall, December 26 th . 1774 p Adjournment of the MMV 
Meeting 10 O'Clock A.M. 

Mr. Samuel Adams in the Chair 

The several Comittees appointed by the Town, not being ready 
to make Report at the Adjournment ; it was moved & Voted, that 
this Meeting be farther adjourned to Fry day next 1 O'Clock Fore- 
noon 

And the Meeting was accordingly adjourned 

At a Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, at Fan- 
enil Hall December 26. 1774 p Adjournment of the Port Bill 
Meeting. 

M r . Samuel Adams in the Chair. 

A Motion made, that this Meeting, when adjourned, shall be to 
Fryday next, the 30 th . Instant, 11 O'Clock Forenoon 

Voted, that all Matters unfinished at this Meeting be referred 
over to the Adjournment. 

[6.] Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned till Fryday next at 
11 O'Clock in the Forenoon, then to meet in this Place, to receive 
& act upon the Reports of Several Comittees ; & the Selectmen are 
hereby requested to issue Notifications and serve the Freeholders 
& Inhabitants with the same by the Constables of the Town ; No- 
tifying them, that on the said Fryday next, the Town will, if they 
see Cause, make Choice of One, or more Delegates, to represent them 
in the Provincial Congress, to be held at Cambridge on or before 
the first Day of February next. 

And the Meeting was accordingly adjourned to Fryday next the 
26 instant, 1 1 O'Clock Forenoon 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston at Faneuil Hall p Adjournment of the May Meeting 
December 30 th . 1774 

M r . Samuel Adams in the Chair 

The Comittee appointed by the Town to consider of the Expedi- 
ency of filling up the Town Dock ; & also make inquiry into the 
Titles of the Abutters thereon, being called upon for their Report, 
several of that Cornittee present, acquainted the Town that they 
were not yet able to make Report 

Moved & Voted, that the above Comittee be desired to make Re- 
port at the Adjournment of this Meeting. 

On a motion made Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to the 
l rt . Wednesday in February next, being the first of that Month, 10 
O'Clock forenoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly adjourned. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston at Faneuil Hall by Adjournment of the Port Bill Meet- 
ing, Dec-ember 30 th . 1 774 

M r . Samuel Adams in the Chair 

The Comittee appointed to take under Consideration a Paper 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 209 

signed T. Gage, being an Answer to a Letter written to General 
Gage by the Hon ble . Peyton Randolph Esq. President of the late 
Continental Congress Reported as follows, Viz 4 . 

[7.J We would not. unless urged by the clearest Necessity, 
have taken up the Consideration of General Gage's Letter to the 
Honorable Peyton Randolph Esq. late President of the Continental 
Congress, but we Conceive that Letter, tho' it appears to be ad- 
dressed to a Gentleman in his private, Capacity, has a strong Ten- 
dency to impress the whole Continent with Sentiments very unfavour- 
able to this afflicted Town. We shall not intentionally throw any 
disagreeable Impution upon the General, but shall endeavor only to 
defend ourselves against the injurious Tendency of the Letter. 
The General contrary to the known Sense of every Man of common 
Understanding, has been pleased to insinuate, that the Complaints 
of the Town of Boston against his Conduct were utterly groundless 
& unreasonable & would have the Continent believe that, not he 
but the People of the Province, & especially the Inhabitants of 
Boston, were the Aggressions in all the Differences which have 
arisen. We freely acknowledge that the Arrival of a British 
Army, with a profess'd Design of enforcing Acts of the British 
Parliament, destructive of our Liberties, gave a great & universal 
Alarm, & it cannot appear strange that we should be considering 
of the Measures necessary to preserve our just Rights & Privi- 
leges. We hoped however that peaceable and gentle means would 
have effected our Deliverance: We believed that his Excellency 
would have laid Some Proposals before the General Assembly, which 
he had Summoned to meet at Salem ; but after hearing both the 
Council & House of Representatives in a Manner, which we shall 
not animadvert on, he was pleased to dissolve the Assembly : The 
People were then compelled to turn their tlio'ts & At ention to 
other Methods of preventing the impending Destruction. And, tlio, 
thus distressed, his Excellency would gladly have prevented them 
from availing themselves of the Counsel of each other in Town 
Meetings ; & actually ordered the Marching of a Body of armed 
Soldiers to disperse the Inhabitants of the Town of Salem, when 
peaceably assembled to consult upon the most important Interests 
of themselves & Posterity : This was followed by the seizing of the 
Powder in the Magazine at Cambridge, & of the Common, which 
had been lent to the first Regiment in Middlesex : The Mounting 
a Number of Field Pieces on an Eminence in Boston Common : the 
Stationing Guard in various Parts of the [8.] Town, & many 
other Acts, which could not leave any Doubt in the Minds of the 
People, of the Generals Intention to employ Military Force against 
the Province, at length roused the People to think of defending 
themselves & their Property by Arms, if nothing less could save 
them from Violence & Rapine. For the Justification of the Con- 
duct of the People in that Respect, we may safely appeal to the 
Continent. to the World, & to the supreme Omniscient Governor 
of the Universe. All the Transactions from the first Arrival of the 
Troops we hope will hereafter be critically & judiciously examined : 
And we trust that the time will come, when we shall have a fair & 
impartial Hearing. We mean not now to give particular Answers, 



210 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

except such Parts of the General's Letter, as seem to charge the 
Continental Congress, with having misconceived the Facts stated in 
their Letter to him. 

First, His Excellency says, that from the Letter (meaning the 
Letter from the Hon ble . Continental Congress) " People would be 
led to believe, that Works were raised against the Town of Boston, 
private Property invaded, the Soldiers suffered to insult the Inhab- 
itants & the Communication between the Town & County shut up & 
molested " How far his Excellency was governed by the Consider- 
ation of what Answer he should make, when he gave this Town to 
the Expressions of the Congress, need not be enquired into. To this 
Charge his Excellency replies, that "There is not a single Gun 
pointed against the Town." His Excellency did not advert to the 
Number of Field Pieces, which were, at the Time the Letter was 
written, & long before, pointed against the Town from the Com- 
mon ; but if the Assertion had been literally true, it would not in 
the least affect the Point under Consideration. 

Are not the Works on the Neck in Reality erected against the 
Town ? Are they not designed to intimidate the Inhabitants, & to 
lead them to think they were altogether in the Power of the Army? 
The Continental Congress plainly express the Sense in which they 
mean to be understood by his Excellency. They say, " that the 
Fortifications erecting within that Town (Boston) the frequent In- 
vasions of private Property, & the repeated Insults they (the In- 
habitants) receive from the Soldiery, have given them great Reason 
to suspect a Plan is formed, very destructive to them, & tending to 
overthrow the Liberties of America." The General therefore has 
in no Way answer'd the Charge bro't against him, but has only by 
varying the Expression, attempted to elude it. 

[9.] The next Assertion is, That no Man's Property has been 
seized or hurt, except the King's. We need not enumerate all the 
Instances of Property seized ; it is enough to Say, that a Number of 
Cannon, the Property of a respectable Merchant in this Town were 
seized & carried off by force : That Timber & other Lumber have 
been violently taken from the Owners that rightful Proprietors 
have been driven from their Lands. It is impossible for us to 
mention One half of the Influences, in which Property has been hurt 
they are notorious to every Inhabitant, & have been made known to 
the Public from time to time. 

His Excellency pleased to say that, " no Troops have ever given 
less Cause for Complaint, & greater Care was never taken to prevent 
it." What Care hns been taken is not our Part to determine, we 
are ready to admit the most candid Opinion. But we beg leave to 
say, that the Insults received from Officers & Soldiers, have been 
in many Instances, such as were shocking to a spirited People, & 
of which, Humanity in some Instances, Decency in others, & in all, 
a generous Disposition to avoid placing even those, who have in- 
jured us, in an odious Light, prevent us from giving a particular 
Account. 

The General declares Unit, " the Comunication between the Town 
& Country has always been free & unmolested, & is so still." We 
shall only give the Facts. Guards were fixt at every Entrance of 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1774. 211 

the Town No Person was allowed to cross the Ferry to Charles- 
town after 8 O'Clock in the Evening, however urgent his Business 
Passengers on the Neck were stopt for Hours together by the 
Guard their Property injured or destroyed. One Inhabitant stopt 
in his Chaise, & his Horse stabb'd with a Bayonet others were 
a shamefully beaten abused & confined, & many other Instances, 
very alarming to our Friends in the Country, whose free Ingress 
to the Town is essential to our Subsistence. 

The General perhaps might not justify these Enormities ; but 
could he not have prevented them by removing the Cause of those 
frequent Abuses? Be that as it may ; could he with Justice assert 
that "the Comunicatiou between the Town & Country has always 
been free & unmolested, & is so still." 

We wish the General had given us some particular Instances con- 
cerning lt the Menaces of Blood & Slaughter," which he intimates 
made it his Duty to alarm & distress the People in the Manner he 
has already done. 

[1O.] We doubt not that we shall be able fully to answer his 
Excellency, whenever he is pleased to descend to particulars. We 
can only sa_y at present that we conceive his Excellency to have 
been very ill advised in the Measures he has pursued, & that we 
ardently wish for an Opportunity to meet our Adversaries upon 
a just Ground. 

The above Report having been considered Paragraph by Para- 
graph, it was Voted, Nem. Con. that the same be accepted & that 
the Moderator of this Meeting be desired to transmit a Copy of the 
Report inclosed in a respectful Letter to the Hon ble . Peyton Ran- 
dolph Esq. by the first Opportunity. 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, that the foregoing Report be pub- 
lished in the several News Papers. 

The Resolves of the late Provincial Congress, recommending the 
Choice of new Delegates for another Provincial Congress, were 
read, whereupon a Motion was made for the Choice of one or more 
Delegates for the Provincial Congress, designed to be held at the 
Town of Cambridge on or before the 1*. of February next which 
passed in the Affirmative 

Voted, that Seven be the Number of Delegates to be chosen for 
the Purpose aforesaid. 

The Inhabitants having brought in their Votes for Seven Dele- 
gates for the intended Provincial Congress, upon sorting them it 
appeared, that the following Gentlemen were chosen, Viz'., 
The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. 
M r . Samuel Adams 
Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 
D r . Joseph Warren 
D r . Benjamin Church 
M r . Oliver Wendell 
M r . John Pitts 

The following Vote expressive of the Gratitude of the Town for 
the benevolent Assistance received from the other Colonies under 
our present Calamities, & the kind Recommendation of the late re- 
spectable Continental Congress for future Support Passed Nem. 
Cont. 



212 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

[11.] Whereas the Town of Boston is unfortunately become the 
most striking Monument of Ministerial Tyranny & Barbarity, as is 
particularly exhibited in the sudden shutting up this Port thereby 
cruelly depriving the Inhabitants of this Metropolis of the Means they 
have hitherto used to support their Families ; And whereas our 
Brethren of in the other Colonies, well knowing that we are suffering 
in tbe common Cause of America & of Mankind have, from a gener- 
ous & Brotherly Disposition contributed largely towards our Support 
in this Time of our General Distress (withoutwhichmany of our wor- 
thy and virtuous Citizens must have ben in imminent Danger of 
perishing with Cold & Hunger) And whereas the Hon ble . Mem- 
bers of the Continental Congress have kindly recommended us to 
our Sister Colonies, as worthy of farther Support from them, while 
the Iron Hand of unremitting Oppression lies heav}' upon us. 
Therefore Voted, that this Town, truely sensible of t the generous 
Assistance they have received from their sympathizing Brethren, 
return them their warmest & most sincere Thanks for the same : 
And they pray that GOD, whose Beneficence they so gloriously 
imitate, may bestow upon them the Blessings he has promised to 
all them, who feed the hungry & cloath the naked : And the Thanks 
of this Town are accordingly hereby given to our Benefactor afore- 
mentioned, & to the Hon ble . Members of the Congress for their 
Benevolence towards us, expressed as aforesaid, which Support, 
if continued cannot fail of animating us to remain stedfast in 
defending the Rights of America. 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq r . being present moved that he might 
be dismissed as One of the Comittee of Correspondence for the 
Town of Boston, And the Question being accordingly put, passed 
in the Affirmative. 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby are given to 
the Hon ble . James Otis Esq r . for his Services, as a Member of the 
Committee of Correspondence, & for his Offers of such farther Ser- 
vices as he might be capable of rendering. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Wednesday the I 1 , day 
of February next, 11 O'Clock forenoon. 

And the Meeting was accordingly adjourned 

[12.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of 
the Town of Boston at Faneuil Hall by Adjournment of the May 
Meeting, February 1'. 1775. 

M r . Adams the Moderator being at Cambridge, attending the 
Provincial Congress, 

M r . William Whitwell 
was chosen Moderator pro temp, by a Hand Vote. 

The Comittee appointed to consider the Request of a Number of 
the Inhabitants of the Town, that the Incumberances on Dock 
Square may be removed & Measures taken for filling up the Dock 
that so Room may be made for the Standing of Horses Hacks of 
those Country People, who bring Provisions for sale to the Market 
& to treat with the Proprietors, if the Comittee have any Doubt, as 
to the Title of the Town to said Dock Now Report That they 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1775. 213 

have met several Times & examined into the Town's Right to said 
Dock, & into some Privileges anciently granted to certain Persons, 
who then lived near to said Dock, or were interested in Lands abut- 
ting thereupon : And upon the whole the Comittee are of Opinion, 
that the Town have an undoubted Ri'j;ht to said Dock, & may fill it 
up, or improve the same as they shall judge proper, so far as to 
meet the Slip that enters into said Dock just above the Bridge ; & 
if the same is filled up the Committee propose to the Town, that a 
Passage may be laid out of such a Wedth as will be most convenient 
for Carts, Trucks & other Carriages, beginning at the Southeast 
Corner of said Do$k, & running upon a Line nearly strait, between 
the Dwelling House of the late Thomas Tyler Esq r . & the Ware- 
house of John Boreland Esq. & that when said Dock is filled up the 
Rails above be bro't down, & fixed on the Sides of said Pas- 
sage Way. The Committee judge that this will make a Passage 
Way full large for the Accommodation of all Carts, Horses & Car- 
riages for Persons that bring Provisions for Sale, & it will thereby 
prevent the great Annoyances Inconveniences & Dangers, that the 
Inhabitants & others are exposed to by the Country People filling 
up with their Carts [13.] Teams, Stalls, Benches & Stands, the 
Street & Square from M r . Simsona Store-shop to the Market: 
And the Comittee would recomend to the Town, to take such 
Methods as shall be effectual to prevent, to prevent any of the In- 
habitants of the Town, & all other Persons whatever, standing or 
continuing in said Square, or in the narrow Street between M r . 
Dolbear's Shop & Deacon Newell's Shop so far into Union Street, 
as runs on a Line with the North Side of Ann Street, & also in all 
other Places & Avenues that lead to the Market, or to the afore- 
said Places assigned for the Convenieucy thereof; & that none be 
allowed to fix, stand or continue without the aforesaid Limits near 
to the same, with Carts, Horses Stalls, Benches Wheelbarrows or 
Baskets, or any of them for the Sale of any Article or Commodity 
whatever ; & if any Person shall transgress herein, that they be 
prosecuted for the same : And for the Encouragement of the Coun- 
try People, who bring any thing for Sale to the Market, the Comit- 
tee propose, that it be left to the Discretion of the Selectmen, 
whether any, Consideration, & how much shall be paid by those 
Persons, that shall improve or occupy any Part of Faneuil Hall 
Market, or the Enclosures of the same ; And that these Regula- 
tions may take Effect, the Comittee would farther recommend to 
the Inhabitants, that they do not purchase Provisions, or any other 
Article of such Persons as shall refuse to comply with the same ; & 
if the Town shall determine to fill up said Dock, the Comittee ad- 
vise that it be done as speedily as may be, & that the Selectmen 
be desired & directed to take Care, that all Drains & Conveyances 
of Water, that belong to private Persons, & that have heretofore 
emptied themselves into said Dock, be carried out at the Expense 
of the Town, so as no Stoppage or Obstruction may happen to pri- 
vate Property. The Comittee would mention to the Town, that 
the Heirs of the late D r . Will ra . Davis claim a Right to the Dock- 
age, Wharffage & Morage of such Vessels as can lay in that lay in 
that Part of the Dock, that is before the Warehouses of the late 



214 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

John Fayerweather Esq ; but the same not appearing Clear to the 
Comittee, they only say upon it, that when it shall appear they 
have such Right, an adequate Consideration should be made them, 

& which the Town will undoubtedly make to them All which 

is humbly submitted by 

EZEKIEL GOLDTHWAIT 
JOIIN SCOLLAY 

[14.] JOSEPH JACKSON 

JOSHUA BLANCHARD 
JOHN ROWE 

the above Report having been voted, that the Consideration of the 
same be referred to the Annual Town Meeting in March next. 

The Overseers of the Poor having represented to the Town the 
Difficulties they are under for Want of Money to support the Alms 
House, the Collectors of last Year not having yet taken the Books, 
It was 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be, & hereby is directed & im- 
powered to borrow upon Interest for the Supply of the Almshouse, 
One thousand Pounds lawful Money for One Year, & that he give 
his negotiable Note or Notes for the same, which Note, or Notes are 
to be paid off upon the Receipt of the Money now due to this Town. 

Voted, That all Matters & things that remain unflnish'd at this 
Meeting be & hereby are referred over to the Annual Town Meet- 
ing in March next. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Huston at Faneuil Hall February 5'. 1775 p Adjournment 
of the Port Bill Meeting. 

M r . Samuel Adams the Moderator of the Meeting being absent, 
& attending the Provincial Congress, 

M r . William Whitwell 
was chosen Moderator Pro Tempore. 

Upon a Motion made 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Wednesday the 22 d . 
instant 1 1 O'Clock Forenoon 

And the Meeting was adjourned accordingly. 

Town met according to Adjournment February 22 d . 1775 11 
O'Clock A.M. 

Upon a Motion made Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to 
Monday the 6 th . Day of March next, 9 O'Clock A.M. 

[15.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of 
the Town of Boston, legally warned, at Fanenil Hall, March 6*. 
1775, by Adjournment of the Port Bill Meeting. 

M r . Samuel Adams Moderator. 

The Comittee appointed by the Town the 5 th . of March last, to 
apply to a proper Gentleman to deliver an Oration, the 5 th . of March 
Instant, to perpetuate the Memory of the horrid Massacre perpe- 
trated on the Evening of the Fifth of March 1770 by a Party of 
Soldiers, under the Order & Eye of Capt. Thomas Preston of the 
29 th . Regiment, Reported 

That having met together for the Purposes mentioned in the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1775. 215 

Town's Vote, they had made Choice of Joseph Warren Esq. to de- 
liver an Oration on the 6 th . of March instant, who had accordingly 
accepted of said Service, 

The foregoing Report having been made by M r . Samuel Adams, 
Chairman of the Coiuittee the Question was put Whether the 
same shall be accepted Passed in the Affirmative. 

Upon a Motion made, the Town took into Consideration what 
Time would be best for the Oration to be pronounced, as also the 
Place that would be most suitable for the Purpose whereupon 

Voted, that the Oration be delivered at half past Eleven O'Clock, 
at the Old South Meeting House, the Hall not being capacious 
enough to contain the Inhabitants, that may attend upon this Occa- 
sion : the Comittee of that Society having upon Application con- 
sented, that said Meeting House should be made Use of for this 
Service. 

Voted, that the Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 
M r . Samuel Austin. 
M r . William Cooper 

be a Comittee to wait upon Joseph Warren Esq. & acquaint him, 
that it is the Desire of the Town, that the Oration may be delivered 
at the old South Meeting House, at half after 11 O'Clock this 
Forenoon. 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, that this Meeting be now adjourned 
to the Old South Meeting House, to meet thereat half past Eleven 
O'Clock. . 

[16.] The Town met according to Adjournment, at the Old 
South Meeting House half past 11 O'Clock A.M. 

The Coinittee appointed to wait on Joseph Warren Esq. to ac- 
quaint him with the Vote of the Town, respecting the Time and 
Place for the Delivery of an Oration 

Reported, that said Gentleman was ready to comply with the Or- 
ders of the Town made known to him by tlieir Committee 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, that there be a Collection made in 
this Meeting for M r . Christopher Monk, a young Man, now lan- 
guishing under a Wound he received in his Lungs, by a Shot from 
Preston's Butchering Party of Soldiers on the o th . of March 1770 

An Oration to commemorate the Horrid Massacre of the fifth of 
March 1770, & to impress on the Minds of the Citizens the ruinous 
Tendency of standing Armies being placed in free & populous 
Cities &c was delivered by Joseph Warren Esq. to a large and 
crouded Audience, & received by them with great Applause. 

Upon a Motion made & seconded 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby are given to 
Joseph Warren Esq. for the Elegunt & Spirited Oration delivered 
by him at their Request, in Coinemoration of the horrid Massacre, 
perpetrated on the Evening of the 5 th . of March 1770, by a Party 
of Soldiers, of the 29 th . Regiment, under the Command of Capt. 
Thomas Preston Also Voted, that 
M r . Samuel Adams 
The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 
Benjamin Church Esq. 
M r . John Pitts 



216 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

M r . John Scollay Esq. 
Col. Thomas Marshall 
M r . Samuel Austin 

be, & hereby are appointed a Comittee to wait upon Joseph Warren 
Esq. & in the Name of the Town to require of him a Copy of said 

Oration for the Press. 

Moved, & also Voted, that what Money stuill he collected at this 
Meeting for the Relief of M r . Monk, be put into the hands of the 
Selectmen, & by them applied for the Purpose aforesaid as they shall 

judge best for the Sufferer. 

[17.] Upon a Motion made & Seconded 
Voted, that M r . Samuel Adams 

The hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 
Joseph Warren Esq. 
M r . John Brown 
Samuel Pemberton Esq. 
John Adams Esq. 
Benjamin Church Esq. 
M r . John Pitts 
John Scollay Esq. 

be, & hereby are appointed a Comittee, to apply to a proper Gen- 
tleman to deliver an Oration on the 5 th . of March next, to perpet- 
uate the Memory of the Horrid Massacre, perpetrated on the Even- 
ing of the 5 th . of March 1770, by a Party of Soldiers of the 2!) th . 
Regiment, under the Command of Capt. Thomas Preston : And to 
impress upon our Minds, the ruinous Tendency of Standing Armies, 
in free & populous Cities, in a Time of Peace ; & the Necessity of 
such noble Exertions in all future Times, as the Inhabitants of the 
Town then made, whereby the Designs of the Conspirators may be 

still frustrated. 

A Collection for M r . Monk was made, agreable to a foregoing 
Vote, which amounted to the Sum of & the 

same was lodged with the Selectmen for the Use of said Monk. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Monday the 27 th . Day 
of March 1775, 10 O'Clock forenoon. 

And the Meeting was accordingly adjourned. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston, duly qualified & legally warned, in public Town Meet- 
ing assembled, at Faneuil Hall, on Monday the 13 th . day or March 
Anno Domini 1775. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r . Cooper 

Warrant for calling the Meeting Read 

Sundry Laws enjoined to be read at this Meeting were accord- 
ingly read. 

[18.] The Town brought in their Votes for a Moderator of 
this Meeting, & upon sorting them it appeared, that 

The hon ble . John Hancock Esq. was chosen, who took the Chair 
accordingly. 

M r . William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing, 
& took the Oath of Office for the faithful Discharge of his Duty, 
which Oath was administred to him by M r . Justice 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1775. 217 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of Seven Selectmen and the 
Votes being brought in & sorted, it appeared, that 

John Scollay Esq. 

The hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 

M r . Timothy Newell 

Col: Thomas Marshall 

M r . Samuel Austin 

M r . Oliver Wendell 

M r . John Pitts 

were chosen Selectmen for the Year ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Overseers of the 
poor & upon sorting them it appeared, that 

John Barrett Esq. 

William Phillips Esq. 

M r . Benjamin Dolbear 

M r . Will" 1 . Whitwel 

M r . Will m . Greenleaf 

John Leveret Esq. 

Capt. Samuc'l Partridge 

M r . Samuel Whitwel 

Mf. Samuel Abbot 

M r . Daniel Waldo 

M r . John White 

Capt. Edward Proctor 

were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

[19.] The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Wardens, 
and upon Sorting them it appeared, that, 

M r . Penuel Bo wen 

Capt. Samuel Ridgway 

M r . John Hooton - - - excused 

Capt. Jonathan Freeman 

M r . Peter Verstille 

M r . Samuel Bangs - - - excused 

M r . Nathaniel Shepherd 

M r . Joseph Webb 

M r . Ebenezer Dorr 

M r . Samuel Sloane 

M r . Stephen Hall 

M r . Bessinger Foster - - excused 

were chosen Wardens for the Year ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Sixteen Fire Wards, and 
upon sorting them it appeared, that 

John Scollay Esq. 

Newman Greenleaf Esq. 

M r . William Cooper 

Col: Thomas Marshall 

Capt Benjamin Waldo 

M r . Samuel Adams - - - excused 

Francis Shaw Esq. 

Capt Job Prince 

Capt Edward Proctor 

Capt John Pulling 



218 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Deacon Caleb Davis 
Capt Abiel Ruddock 
Capt Samuel Banet 
M r . Stephen Cleverly 
M r . Ebenezer Hancock 
M r . Thomas Crafts Jun r . 
were chosen Fire Wards for the Year ensuing. - 

[2O.] The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for a Town 
Treasurer, & upon sorting them it appeared, that 

M r . David Jeffries 
was chosen Town Treasurer for the Year ensuing. 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, the Question was put 
Whether Collectors of Taxes shall be chose seperate from Consta- 
bles Passed in the Affirmative - 

Voted, that the Sum of Five Pounds be remitted out of the Ten 
Pounds Fine to such Persons as shall be chosen into the Office of 
Constable for the Year ensuing, & shall decline Serving. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Twelve Constables, 
the Persons chose into the Office are 
Mess. Augustus Hail 
Stephen Syms 
John Bennet 
George Thomas 
Thomas Bell 
Joseph Foye 
John Coverly 
Will m . Todd 
John Hammett 
Samuel Greenleaf 
Matthew Nazro 
John Wells 

Votes for a County Treasurer brought in, & being sealed up in 
Town Meeting, were delivered to M r . Constable Bennet, for him to 
return to the Court of Sessions at their next Meeting. 

M r . Samuel Abbot having sent in his Desire to the Town that he 
might be excused from serving any longer, as an Overseer of the 
Poor, on Account of his being obliged to be much out of Town, he 
was accordingly excused - 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be, & 
hereby are given to M r . Samuel Abbot for his good Services as an 
Overseer for a Number of Years past. 



The Town brought in their Votes for an Overseer of the Poor, 
in the Room of M r . Samuel Abbot, who was excused & upon sort- 
ing them it appeared, that 

M r . Jonathan Mason 
was chosen an Overseer of the Poor for the Year ensuing. - 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Warden, and upon sort- 
ing them it appeared, that 

M r . Adam Colson 
was chosen a Warden for the Year ensuing. - 

M r . Samuel Adams chosen a Fire Ward, having excused him- 
self from serving in that Office - 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1775. 219 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for a Fire Ward in his 
Room, & upon Sorting them it appeared, that 

Ezekiel Cheever Esq. 
was chosen a Fire Ward for the Year ensuing. 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be, & 
hereby are given to M r . Samuel Adams for his good Services, as a 
Fire Ward in Years past. - 

Mess. Martin Brimmer 

Andrew Brimmer - - - - excused 

Simon Tufts 

Nathaniel Greenough 

Jeremiah Allen 

Edward Gray 

Abraham Burgess 

James Swan 

Jonathan Pollard 

Lendal Pitts 

Joseph Sherburne Jun r . 

Joseph Ward 
were chosen Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to 3 O'Clock P. M, 



3 O'Clock P.M. Town met according to Adjournment 
M r . Andrew Brimmer, agreable to the Request, was excused 
from serving as a Clerk of the Market. - 

M r . Samuel Bangs, agreable to his Request, was excused from 
serving as a Warden. - 

Voted, that the Assessors be, & hereby are impowered & directed 
to set for Abatement of such Taxes as they shall think reasonable, 
on every Wednesday, untill the last Wednesday in April inclusive, 
& no longer, saving that they be allowed to sit the Two last Weeks 
in November, for the Abatement of the Taxes of such Persons as 
had not an Opportunity of applying in the above limitted Time, by 
reason of their being out of the Province At which time they 
are also allowed and impowered, to abate the Taxes of such Per- 
sons as may have died insolvent between the said last Wednesday 
in April, & the last Day of November - 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven Assessors, and 
upon sorting them it appeared, that, 

Deacon Benjamin Church 

M r . Daniel Pecker 

Deacon Jonathan Brown 

Gyles Harris Esq. 

Capt Samuel Downe 

M r . William Lowder 

M r . Samuel Johnson 
were chosen Assessors for the Year ensuing. - 

Benjamin Austin Esq. 

was chosen Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. John Greenough 

Clement Collins 

Abraham Howard 



220 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Andrew Symmes 

Joseph Butler 

Benjamin Page 
[23.] Joseph Ford 

John Rogers 

Thomas Uran 

Edward Ranger 

Jacob Thayer 

John Bulfinch jun'. 

Joseph Ballard 

James Blake 

John Lambert jnn r . 

Nathan Hancock 

Ebenezer Flood 

were chosen Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. William Crafts 

John Lambert jun*. 

Nathaniel Wales 

Nathan Hancock 

were chosen Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 

Mess. Daniel Parks 

Samuel Bangs 

Jacob Holland 

Benjamin Bass 

Nathan Green 

were chosen Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. Adam Colson 

Thomas Edes 
were chosen Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing. 

Mess. John Bound ------- dead 

John Owen 

Peter Cotta 

Menasseh Masters 

Benjamin Barnard 

Edward Cowell 

Israel Cook 

Richard Flood 

Samuel Prichard 

Benjamin Sault 

Jacob Williams 

Joshua Pico 

were chosen Cullers of Staves & Hoops for the Year ensuing 

Mess". Benjamin Blake 

Ralph Morgan 

Elijah Searl 

were chosen Hogreeves for the Year ensuing 

M r . William M c . Fadden 

was chosen a Hay ward for the Year ensuing 

Mess. Jonathan Farnum ----- Wards 1 

William Williams 2 

Thomas Bradford 3 

Thomas Greenough ------- 4 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1775. 221 

Jonathan Stoddard ------ 5 

Jonathan Rogers __-.-- 6 
Jacob Bucknam ------- 7 

Richard Salter ------- 8 

Jeremiah Russel ------- 9 

Samuel Warden -------10 

Henry Quincy -------11 

Nathaniel Cabbot ------12 

were chosen Scavengers for the Year ensuing. 

On a Motion made & seconded, Voted, that theCoinittee of Corre- 
spondence be directed to draw up an exact State of the Behavior of 
the Troops, under the Command of General Gage ; & of the Navy, 
under the Command of Admiral Graves, going so far back as they 
shall judge proper ; & also carefully to observe their Conduct in 
future, taking their Information upon Oath, before Two Justices of 
the Peace, Quorum Unus ; always giving legal Notice to the Per- 
sons accused of disorderly Proceedings ami Report to the Town.- 
M r . James Swan, upon his Request, was excused from serving 

as a Clerk of the Market. 

[25.] Voted, that Capt. John Bradford 
Benjamin Austin Esq. 
Major Thomas Daws 
Isaac Smith Esq. 
M r . AlexanderJHill 

be & they hereby are appointed a Coinittee, to Audit the Accounts 
of the Overseers of the Poor ; & the said Comittee are impowered, 
when they shall audit said Accounts, to allow such of the Overseers, 
as shall Advance Money for the Relief of the Poor, Interest on all 
such Sums from the Time so advanced, till they shall have audited 
said Accounts ; & they are also desired to report from time to time 
a State of the Treasury respecting the Debts & Credits, & on any 

Matters that they may think proper. 

The Selectmen 

chose Surveyors of the High Ways for the Year ensuing. 
Mess. John White 
John Lucas 

were chosen Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing. 
Col: Joseph Jackson 
Col: John Leveret 
M r . John Sweetser 

were chosen Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, & they are 
desired and impowered to give all needful Directions to the 
Keeper of the Granary respecting the Quantity of Grain to be sold, 
& affixing the Price thereof from time to time, as Occasion shall 
require ; & the said Coinittee are desired & directed to cause all 
the Grain belonging to the Town to be ground at the New Mills, 

near the Mill Bridge, now occupied by M r . George Leonard. 

Mess. Thomas Green 
John Skinner 

were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing. 

Upon a Motion made & seconded 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be, & he hereby is impowered 



222 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

[26.] And directed to borrow on Interest a Sum not exceeding 
Six Hundred Pounds lawful Money for the Use of the Overseers 
the Poor, to purchase Grain &c for the Alms House 

Upon a Moiion made & seconded, Voted, that the Town Treas- 
urer be, & he hereby is impowered & directed to give his negoti- 
able Notes on Interest, to such of the Overseers of the poor, as 
are in Advance for the Relief of the Poor, for such Sums as ap- 
pear to be due to them respectively upon the auditing of their 
Accounts to the present Month 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, Voted, that the Town Treas- 
urer be, & he hereby is impowered & directed, to borrow upon In- 
terest, to the Amount of One thousand & Eighteen Pounds ten 
shillings & Two Pence, being the Town's Proportion of the Prov- 
ince Tax for 1774 & that the said Treasurer be, & he hereby is 
directed to pay the same unto Henry Gardnes Esq. of Stow, who 
is appointed by the Provincial Congress to recieve all Monies due 
to the Province, & that his Receipt shall be a Discharge to the 
Town Treasurer ; & the Town farther engage to indemnify said 
Treasurer, for any Damage or Loss that may be occasioned to him 
by his paying said Money to the said Henry Gardner Esq. 

Voted, that the Consideration of Schoolmasters Salaries & all 
other Salaries & Grants be referred over to next May Meeting 

Moved & Voted, that a Comittee be now appointed to consider & 
report at the Adjournment what they think proper to be done rel- 
ative to the Collectors of Taxes Premium Bonds & for collecting 
the Tax of 1774. 

Voted, that Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
M r . Henry Bromfield 
M r . William Davis 
M r . William Greenleaf 
M r . Ezekiel Price 
Capt. John Bradford 
Thomas Daws Esq. 
be, & they hereby are appointed a Committee for this Purpose 

The Report of the Comittee on filling up the Dock again 
read. 

[27.] Whereupon a Motion was made & carried, that the 
Consideration of of said Report be referred to the Adjourn- 
ment of this Meeting. 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to 
Monday the 3 d . of April, 10 O'Clock Forenoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly adjourned. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally warned, at Faneuil Hall, March 27 th . by 
Adjournment of the Port Bill Meeting. 

M r . Samuel Adams, Moderator of this Meeting, being now out 
of Town, attending his Duty at the Provincial Congress, now sit- 
ting at Concord 

A Motion was made, that a Moderator Pro. Temp, be now 
chosen, whereupon 

M r .. William Whitwel 
was chosen a Moderator Pro Tempore, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1775. 223 

The Petition of the Selectmen & Overseers of the Poor of the 
Town of Medford, in behnlf of said Town, Setting forth. 

" That previous to the shutting up the Port of Boston a great 
Part of the Inhabitants of Medford subsisted by Brick-making, & 
Numbers of other poor Inhabitants there, were employed in trans- 
porting those Bricks to Boston, where was our Market for them 
both in supplying the Town, & also Vessels in the Harbor, from 
whence, they were exported to foreign Parts, in great Quantities 
But since by the Operation of the Port Act, this our Trade is at 
an End, & those poor People are put out of Business, & themselves 
& Families are involved in the same Calamity & Distress, for 
Want of Employ, as are the Poor of Boston & Charlestown, nor 
can they subsist without some charitable Relief afforded them 
And whereas many Cities & Towns in this & the other Colonies, 
have generously contributed to the Relief of those industrious poor 
in Boston, who are reduced to Want, merely by the aforesaid Act, 
of which Contributions the Town of Boston has liberally dis- 
tributed a Part to the like poor in Charlestown. 

[28.] The Inhabitants of Medford, in a Town Meeting as- 
sembled the 14 th . Instant, upon Consideration of the Premisses 
have directed us to acquaint you with our distressed Circum- 
stances, & to petition for your kind Assistance. 

\Y T e do therefore, in behalf of said Town, pray that you would 
consider of unhappy Condition, & that you would (if the Circum- 
stances of your Poor admit, in your known Benevolence & Human- 
ity, grant us (who are suffering in the common Cause) some small 
Portion of that Liberality which Providence has put into your 
Hands " was read, & after some Debate thereon It was 
moved & seconded that the Consideration of this Petition be re- 
ferred to the annual Meeting in May next & that the Gentlemen 
the Selectmen be desired to insert said Petition for Consideration 
in the Warrant that shall be issued for that Meeting and the 
Question being accordingly put, it passed in the Affirmative. 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, Voted, that this Meeting be 
adjourned to Monda}- the 17 th . Day of April next, 12 O'Clock 
Forenoon. 



And the Meeting was accordingly adjourned.- 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned, in public Town 
Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 28 th . Day of 
March Anno Domini 1775. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Upon a Motion made Voted, that a Moderator for this Meet- 
ing be now chose by a Hand Vote 

M r . William Whitwell 

was chose Moderator of this Meeting & took the Chair accord- 
ingly 

The Selectmen laid before the Inhabitants the present State of 
the Small Pox in this Town, whereby it appeared, that there are 
on Board the Hospital Ship in this Harbor Thirty Eight Persons 
[29.] With the Small Pox, three of whom were sent on Board 



224 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

this Day : At the Hospital at West Boston, five Persons with this 
Distemper; two of whom were sent, from a Chamber in M r . 
Hunk's House, at the Head of Cross Street, occupied by a Soldier ; 
a Woman from the Lamb Tavern at the South Part of the Town ; 
a man from his Dwelling near D r . Byles's Meeting House, & an- 
other Man from the Royal Exchange Tavern in King's Street : 
That M r . Hunk's Wifeathis House at the Head of Cross Street, was 
taken with the Distemper, where Guards are placed to prevent a 
Comunication of the Infection ; & that the Hospital Ship was this 
Forenoon removed some Distance from the Wharff. 

The Town having duely considered the foregoing, & all Circum- 
stances relative to the Small Pox among us, & being of Opinion that 
the Probability wns in favor of the Distempers not spreading*'. 

Voted, Nemine Contra dicente, That the Selectmen of this Town 
be desired to continue the same Vigilance they have hitherto 
shewn, to prevent the Spreading of the Small Pox in this 
Place. 

S undry Laws relative to the Small Pox were read & 
Capt. Hunter of the Hospital Ship being present, & questioned by 
the Moderator, he informed the Town, that there were Thirty Five 
Persons on Board his Ship with the Small Pox, all sent there since 
Thursday Seven Night. 

Upon a Motion made & seconded 

Voted, Nem: Con: that the Selectmen be desired to see that 
the Law relative to the concealing & spreading of Infectious Dis- 
tempers, be put into Execution against any Persons, who shall make 
Attempts of that Nature, by Innoculation, or in any other way ; & 
that no One might plead Ignorance of said Law ; It was farther 

Voted, that the Town Clerk be directed to publish such Para- 
graph or Paragraphs of the Law as affix the Penalty, for conceal- 
ing & spreading infectious Distempers ; also the Proceedings of this 
Meeting relative to the Small Pox.- 



Then the Meeting was dissolved. 

[3O.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally warned, at Faneuil Hall, Monday 

April 3 d . 1775, p Adjournment of the March Meeting. 

M r . Samuel Adams Moderator of this Meeting being at the Con- 
gress now sitting at Concord. 

Samuel Swift Esq. 
was chosen Moderator of this Meeting Pro Tempore. 

A letter from M r . Penuel Bowen chosen a Warden for the Year 
ensuing, desiring the Town would excuse him from serving in that 
Office, was read whereupon it was motioned, that the Consider- 
ation of his Request be referred to the Adjournment & the Ques- 
tion being accordingly put, Passed in Affirmative 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for three Clerks of the 
Market, & upon sorting them, it appeared that, 
M r . William Mollineux 
M r . Robert Williams 
M r . John Steel Tyler 
were chosen Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1775-76. 225 

The Comittee appointed to consider & report at the Adjournment 
what they think proper to be done, relative to the Collectors of 
Taxes Premium Bonds &c for Collecting the Tax of 1774 Report 

That it will be best for the Town be chose suitable Persons to 
collect the Tax of Eight Thousand Pounds lawful Money granted 
by the Town on the 19 th Day of July last for the Relief of the 
Poor, and defraying other necessary Charges arising within the 
Town And when such Persons are chosen & sworn into that 
Office, that the Assessors be directed tr> deliver the Books contain- 
ing said Tax to said Collectors, they first giving Bonds with Sure- 
tics to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen, that they will use their 
utmost Endeavors to collect said Tax, or so much thereof as 
shall be in their Power, & when collected, that they will pay in the 
same to the Town Treasurer for the Time being, & as an Encour- 
agement [31.] To the Collectors to exert themselves in their Office 
The Comittee propose to the Town, that a Premium of Five p 
Cent be allowed, them on all such Sums as they shall collect & pay 
into the Treasury, & that said Collectors shall not be answerable 
or accountable for any or farther Sums, than they shall collect. & 
pay ; provided they render an Account to the Selectmen, upon Oath, 
when requested, of all the Sums they have received, & of whom, & 
that they have not been able to collect any more of the Tax deliv- 
ered them, than is contained in said Account ; & that said Collect- 
ors shall also deliver to the Selectmen, a List of the Names of 
such Inhabitants, as shall not have paid their Tax, or shall refuse 
to pay them, whenever they shall require the same. 

The foregoing Report being read, a Motion was made & ob- 
tained, that the farther Consideration of this Report be referred to 
the Adjournment of this Meeting. 

[Page 32 blank.] 

. Upon a Motion made, Voted, that this Meeting.be adjourned to 
Monday, the 17 th . Instant 10 O'Clock. 

[33.] Ata Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of 
the Town of Boston, at Watertown. 
the 5 th . Day of March Anno Domini 1776. 

Benjamin Austin Esq. was chosen Moderator of this Meeting 

The Comittee appointed by the Town, the 6 th . of March last, to 
apply to a proper Gentleman to deliver an Oration the 5 th . of 
March instant, to perpetuate the Memory of the horrid Massacre, 
perpetrated on the Evening of the 5 th . of March 1770, by a Party of 
Soldiers under the Order & Eye of Captain Thomas Preston of the 
29 th . Regiment. 

Reported, 

That having met together for the Purposes mentioned 
in the Town's Vote, they bad unanimously made Choice of the 
Rev d Peter Thacher, to deliver an Oration on the 5 th . of March in- 
stant, who had accordingly accepted of that Service. 

The above Report having been made by the Chairman of the 
Comittee, the Question was put, "Whether the same shall be 
accepted Passed in the Affirmative. 

On a Motion made Voted, that 

John Brown Esq. 



226 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Nathaniel Appleton Esq. 
Nathaniel Barber Esq. 

be a Comittee to wait on the Rev d . Peter Thacher, & acquaint 
him, That it is the Desire of the Town, that the Oration be deliv- 
ered in Watertown Meeting House this Day at the Hour men- 
tioned in the Notification for said Meeting. 

On the Invitation of the Town, a Prayer was made by the Rev d . 

D r . Samuel Cooper very suitable for the Occasion 

An Oration to commemorate the Horrid Massacre of the 5 th . of 
March 1770, & to impress upon the Minds of the Citizens the 
ruinous Tendency of standing Armies being placed in free & pop- 
ulous Cities in Time of Peace, was delivered by [34.] The Rev d . 
Peter Thacher to a numerous Audience, and received by them 

with the greatest Applause. 

Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be, & hereby 

are given, to the Rev d . Peter Thacher for his and spirited 

Oration delivered by him at their Request, in Commemoration of 
the horrid Massacre perpetrated on the Evening of the 5 th . of March 
1770, by a Party of Soldiers, under the Command of Captain 
Thomas Preston also 
Voted, that 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. 
William Cooper 
John Pitts 
John Brown 
Nathaniel Appleton 
Nathaniel Barber Esq. 
,Capt. William Mackay 

be, & hereby are appointed a Comittee to wait upon the Rev d . 
Peter Thacher, & in the Name of the Town, to require of him a 

Copy of the said Oration for the Press. 

Upon a Motion made & seconded 
Voted, the Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 

John Pitts Esq. 
Hon bl . Thomas Cushing Esq. 

John Brown Esq. 
Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq. 
Benjamin Austin Esq. 
Nathaniel Barber Esq. 
William Cooper 
David Jeffries 
Nathaniel Appleton 

be, & hereby are appointed a Comittee to apply to a proper Gentle- 
man to deliver an Oration on the 5 th . of March next, to [35.] Per- 
petuate the Memory of the horrid Massacre perpetrated on the 
Evening of the 5 th . of March 1770, by a Party of Soldiers under the 
Command of Capt. Thomas Preston of the 29 th . Regiment ; & to im- 
press upon our Minds the ruinous Tendency of standing Armies 
being placed in free & populous Cities in Time of Peace ; & the 
Necessity of such noble Exertions in all future Times, as the Inhabi- 
tants of the Town then made, whereby the Designs of the Conspir- 
ators against the public Liberty may be still frustrated. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1776. 227 

Voted, Unanimously, that 

The Thanks of the Town be, & hereby are given to Benj s Aus- 
tin Esq. Moderator of this Meeting for dispatching the Business 
thereof. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned, in public Town 
Meeting assembled at the old Brick Meeting House, on Fryday 
the -29 th . Day of March Anno Dom. 1776. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d D r . Cooper. 

Notification for calling the Meeting read. 

Sundry Laws enjoin'd to be read at this Meeting were accord- 
ingly read 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Moderator of this Meet- 
ing, & upon sorting them it appear'd, that 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. was chosen unanimously, who 
took the Chair, & made a Congratulary Speech to the Inhabitants, 
upon the Recovery of the Town out of the hands of the British 
Enemy, & for the present Opportunity of transacting the Affairs 

& Business of the Town in a free Town Meeting. 

[36.] William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year 
ensuing, & took the Oath of Office for the faithful Discharge of 

his Duty. 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of Seven Selectmen, & the 
Votes being brought in & sorted, it appeared, that 
John Scollay Esq. 
The hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 
M r . Timothy Newell 
Col: Thomas Marshall 
M r . Samuel Austin 
M r . Oliver Wendell 
M r . John Pitts 

were chosen Selectmen for the Year ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Overseers of the 
Poor, & upon sorting them it appeared, that 
William Phillips Esq. 
John Leveret Esq. 
Capt Samuel Partridge 
M r . Samuel WhitweU 
M r . Daniel Waldo 
M r . John White 
Capt Edward Procter 
M r . Jonathan Mason 
M r . Benjamin Dolbear 
M r . William Powell 

M r . Ebenezer Storer ----- excused 
M r . John Sweetser 

were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Wardens, and 
upon sorting them it appeared, that 

M r . Penuel Bowen 



228 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Capt Samuel Ridgway 
[37.] Capt. Jonathan Freeman 

M r . Peter Vestille 
M r . Nathaniel Shepherd 
M r . Joseph Webb 
M r . Ebenezer Dorr 
M r . Samuel Sloan 
M r . Stephen Hall 
M r . Adam Colsom 
were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing. 



The Town brought in their Votes for Sixteen Fire Wards, & 
upon sorting them it appeared, that 

John Scollay Esq. 

Newman Greenough 

William Cooper 

Thomas Marshall Esq. 

Capt John Pulling 

Capt Edward Procter 

Thomas Crafts Esq. 

Major Abiel Ruddock 

Caleb Davis Esq. 

Capt Benjamin Waldo 

Capt Samuel Barrett 

M r . Ebenezer Hancock 

Capt Isaac Phillips 

Major Paul Reviere 

M r . Tho 8 . Tyleston 

Capt Caleb Hopkins 

vrere chose Fire Wards for the Year ensuing. 

The inhabitants brought in their Votes for a Town Treasurer, 
& upon sorting them it appeared, that 

M r . David Jeffries 
was chosen Town Treasurer for the Year ensuing. 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, the Question was put, 
" Whether Collectors of Taxes shall be chosen seperate from 

Constables - - Passed in the Affirmative 

Voted, that the sum of Five Pounds be remitted out of the Ten 
Pounds Fine, to such Persons as shall be chose into the Office of 
Constable for the Year ensuing, & shall decline serving 
On a Motion Voted, that 

Thomas Crafts Esq. 

Col Thomas Marshall 

Major Paul Reviere 

be a Comittee to wait on General Washington, & to acquaint him 
that it is the Desire of the Town, that the Four Pieces of Cannon 
which are in the Continental Train of Artillery, & belonging to the 
Town of Boston, may not be carried out of this Colony, if his 
Excellency should apprehend the general Interest of the Colony 

will permit their remaining here. 

Mess. Nathaniel Greenough 

Edward Gray 

Jonathan Pollar -------- excused 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1776. 229 

Lindal Pitts 

Joseph Sherburne Jun r . 

Elias Parkman sworn 

Henry Prentice excused 

Andrew Brimmer 

James Foster Condy 

Duncan Ingraham jun r . excused 

Moses Grant 

Benjamin Hammett 
were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven Assessors, & 
upon sorting them it appeared, that 

Deacon Benjamin Church 

M r . Daniel Pecker 
[39.] Deacon Jonathan Brown 

Gyles Harris Esq. 

Capt Samuel Downe 

M r . William Lowder 

were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing. 

Mess 8 . William Crafts 

John Lambert Jun r . 

Nathaniel Wales 

Stephen Wales 

Nathan Hancock 

were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 

Mess 9 . Clement Collins 

Abraham Howard 

Andrew Symmes 

Joseph Buttler 

Benjamin Page 

Joseph Ford 

John Rogers 

Thomas Uran 

Edward Ranger 

John Bulfinch Jun*. 

Joseph Ballard 

James Blake 

John Lambert Jun'. 

Nathan Hancock 

Ebenezer Flood 

John Champney 
were chose Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing 

Benjamin Austin Esq. 

was chose a Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensuing 

Mess. Samuel Bangs 

Jacob Holland 

Benjamin Bass 

[4O.] Nathan Green 

were chosen Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing 
Mess. Adam Colsom 

Thomas Edes 
were chosen Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing. 



230 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Mess. John Owen 

Peter Cotta 

Manasseh Masters 

Benjamin Bernard 

Edward Cowell 

Israel Cook 

Richard Flood 

Samuel Prichard 

Benjamin Sault 

Jacob Williams 

Joshua Pico 

were chose Cullers of Staves & Hoops for the Year ensuing 

Mess. Benjamin Blake 

Ralph Morgan 

Elijah Searl 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing. 

M r . William M c Fadden 

was chose a Hayward for the Year ensuing. 

Votes for Twelve Constables brought in, the Persons chose into 
that Office are 

Mess. Stephen Symmes 

John Bennet 

Thomas Bell 

John Coverley 

John Wells 

Joseph Foye 

Samuel Greenleaf 

George Thomas 
[41.] Thomas Bradford 

Thomas Hodgson 

Mess'. Jonathan Farnum ----- Wards N.l 
William Williams- --------2 

Thomas Bradford 3 

Joseph Butler ----------4 

Jonathan Stoddard --------5 

Jonathan Rogers ---------6 

Edward Lad Saunders -------7 

Richard Salter 8 

Jerry Russell ----------9 

Samuel Hodgsden ------- 10 

Henry Quincy -------- H 

Nathaniel Cobbet 12 

were chose Scavengers for the Year ensuing. 

Votes for a County Treasurer brought in, and being sealed up 

in Town Meeting, were delivered to M r . Constable Bennet, for 

him to return to the Court of Sessions at their next Meeting. 
Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to May 1'. 10 O'Clock 

A.M. to meet in this Place 

May l e . 10 O'Clock met according to Adjournment at the old 

Brick Meeting House, & adjourned to the Representatives 

Chamber. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1776. 231 

Met at the Representatives Chamber according to Adjourn- 
ment. 

The Proclamation issued by this Government, for promoting a 
Reformation of Manners, read also an Act of the General Court 
relative to the Selectmen, taking an Account of the Number of 
Inhabitants in their respective Towns, conformable to a Resolve 
of the Continental Congress whereupon 

[42.] Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to make a Rep- 
resentation to the General Court, of the Difficulties which have 
hitherto prevented their complying with the Order of Court by 
taking an Account of the Inhabitants of Boston 

Voted, that M r . Ebenezer Storer 

Nathaniel Appleton Esq. 
John Bradford Esq. 
Henry Bromfield Esq. 
M r . Ezekiel Price 

be, & they hereby are appointed a Comittee to audit the Accounts 
of M r . Treasurer Jeffries, & also the Accounts of the Overseers 
of the Poor ; & the said Comittee are impowered, when they shall 
audit said Accounts, to allow such of the Overseers, as shall ad- 
vance Money, for the Relief of the Poor, Interest on all such 
Sums, from the Time so advanced, until they shall have audited 
said Accounts ; & they are also desired to report from time to 
tune, a State of the Treasury respecting the Debts & Credits, and 

on any Matters than they may think proper. 

Selectmen 
chosen Surveyors of the High Ways for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that the Assessors be & hereby are impowered to sit for 
Abatement of such Taxes as they shall judge reasonable, on every 
Wednesday until the last Wednesday in April inclusive, & no 
longer saving that they be allowed to set the Two last Weeks in No- 
vember for the Abatement of the Taxes of such Persons, as had 
not an Opportunity of Applying in the above limited Time, by 
reason of their being out of the Province ; at which Time they are 
also allowed & impowered to abate the Taxes of such Persons as 
may have died between the said last Wednesday in April & the 
last Day of November. 

Deacon Newell having desired the Town to excuse him from serv- 
ing as a Selectman the Year ensuing, & he having accordingly 
been excused it was 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be, & hereby are [43.] 
Given to Deacon Newell for his faithful Services, as a Selectman a 

Number of Years past. 

Mess'. John White 
John Lucas 

were chosen Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing. 

Col: Joseph Jackson 
Col: John Leveret 
M r . John Sweetser 

were chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, & they are 
desired & impowered to give all needful Directions to the Keeper 
of the Granary respecting the Quantity of Grain to be sold, & 



232 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

affixing the Price thereof from time to time, as Occasion shall re- 
quire ; & the said Committee are desired & directed to cause all 
the Grain belonging to the Town, to be ground at the new Mills 

near the Mill Bridge, lately occupied by M r . George Leonard. 

Mess". Thomas Green 
Joshua Skinner 

were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing. 

Votes for a County Register being brought in & sealed up in 
Town Meeting, were given to M r . Constable Bennet for him to 

return to the Court of Sessions at their next Meeting 

On a Motion made, Voted, that 

Capt. Caleb Hopkins 
Major Abiel Ruddock 
Capt. John Symms 
Capt. Edward Procter 
M r . Robert Hitchburne 
M r . Thomas Knox 
M r . Thomas Tileston 
Capt. Isaac Phillips 
Capt. Jeremiah Stimson 
M r . Adam Colson 
M r . Thomas Bumstead 
[44.] M r . Samuel Service 

be a Comittee to go through their several Wards in this Town as 
soon as may be, & see that such Houses as they may think need 
cleansing, be sufficiently smoaked & cleansed, as well those that 
are inhabited, as those that are not ; and that they also make a Re- 
turn to the Selectmen of all Persons that reside in their respective 

Wards, that are Inhabitants of this Town. 

Voted, that the Consideration of Schoolmasters Salaries, & 
all other Salaries & Grants, be referred over to next May 

Meeting. 

On a Motion made Voted, that 

The Hon ble . Thomas Cushing Esq. 
John Brown Esq. 
Nathaniel Appleton Esq. 
Joseph Greenleaf Esq. 
Henry Bromfield Esq. 

be a Comittee to prepare an Address to General Washington to be 
reported at May Meeting 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P.M. 

3 O'Clock P.M. met according to Adjournment 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for three Selectmen, & 
upon sorting them it appeared, that, 

M r . Ebenezer Storer ----- declined 
Nathaniel Appleton Esq. 
M r . John White 
were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for an Assessor & upon 
sorting them it appeared that 

M r . George Broughton Gidney 
was chosen an Assessor for the Year ensuing. 



BOSTON TOWN EECOEDS, 1776. 233 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Coffiittee of Correspond- 
ence, Safety & Inspection, & upon sorting them it appeared, that 
The Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq. 
The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 

Joseph Greenleaf Esq. - - - excused 

Nathaniel Appleton Esq. 

Oliver Wendell Esq. 

M r . William Dennie - - - - declines 

Richard Boynton Esq. 

Capt. Will 1 ". Makay 

Nathaniel Barber Esq. 

John Bradford Esq. 

M r . William Powell 

Caleb Davis Esq. 

M r . William Cooper 

M r . John Sweetser 

John Brown Esq. 

John Pitts Esq. 

M r . Edward Church 

Capt Isaac Phillips 

Thomas Crafts Esq. 

Capt Edward Procter 

Capt John Pulling 

Major Paul Reviere 

M r . Peter Boyer 

Major Abiel Ruddock 

M r . Tho 9 . Hitchburne 

Perez Morton Esq. 

Benjamin Hitchburne Esq. 

were chose a Comittee of Correspondence, Safety & Inspection for 
the Year ensuing. 

On a Motion made Voted, that Nine of the foregoing Com- 
ittee be a Quorum. 

On a Motion made, Voted, that all Matters & Things not acted 

upon in this Meeting be referred over to May Meeting. 

[46.] Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be, and hereby 
are given to the Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. Moderator of this 

Meeting for his good Services. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duly qualified & legally warned, in public Town 
Meeting assembled, at the old Brick Meeting House June the 10 th . 
1776. 

Precept for the Choice of two Representatives, if the Town 
shall judge proper, in the Room of the Hon ble . Will 1 . Phillips and 
Benjamin Austin Esq r3 ., lately chosen into the Hon blc , the Council 
of this Colony was read 

Warrant for calling this Meeting read 

The Expediency of making Choice of two Gentlemen at this 
Meeting for Representatives, in the Room of the Two Gentlemen 
lately Elected Councillors was considered, & after considerable 



234 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Debate had thereon John Scollay Esq. Chairman of the Board 
of Selectmen in their Name put the Question Viz'. "Whether 
the Town will now proceed to the Choice of Two Gentlemen to 
represent them, in the great & General Assembly now sitting at 
Watertown agreable to the Precept received which passed in 
the Negative 

On a Motion made Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to 
Monday next 3 O'Clock P.M. and that the Town be duly notified 
thereof. 

Monday June 17 th . 3 O'Clock P.M. Town met according to Ad- 
journment. ' 

[47.] After considerable Debate had, with Respect to the 
Legality of coming to the Choice of Two Representatives ; a Quo- 
rum of the Board of Selectmen not being present to regulate the 
Meeting, by Reason of the Sickness of One, & the Absence of 
others a motion was made & seconded "That this meeting 
be dissolved and the Question being put Passed in the 
Affirm ati ve . 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



A Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston duely qualified & legally warned, in public Town 
Meeting assembled at the old Brick Meeting House, on the 24 th . 
of June Anno Domini 1776, 3 O'Clock P.M. 

Precept & Warrant for calling this Meeting, read 

The Town went in to the Consideration of the Expediency of making 
Choice of Two Gentlemen for Representatives, in the Room of the 
Hon ble . William Phillips, & Benjamin Austin Esq rs . & after con- 
siderable Debate, a Motion was made for such a Choice, & the 
Question being accordingly put by John Scollay Esq. Chairman of 
the Board of Selectmen it passed in the Negative. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duely qualified & legally warned, in public Town 
Meeting assembled, at The Old Brick Meeting House on Thursday 

the 23 d . Day of May, Anno Domini 1776. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r . Mather 

The Precept & Warrant for calling this Meeting read 

Sundry Laws read 

[48.] John Scollay Esq. one of the Selectmen, proposed, in 
their Name, to the Inhabitants assembled, to proceed to the 
Choice of One or more Persons, to represent them in the Great & 
General Court or Assembly, to be held at the Meeting House in 
Watertown, on Wednesday the 29 th . of May current ; & in order 
thereto to consider & ascertain the Number of Gentlemen to be 
elected : Accordingly it was Voted to proceed to the Choice of 
Twelve Representatives ; the Town apprehending that by a late 
Act of the General Assembly, they were privileged to send this, 
or a larger Number ; & then it was declared by the Selectmen, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1776. 235 

that as Votes will be received but such as are unfolded, & that 

they propose the Poll shall be closed at 12 O'Clock. 

The Votes being brought in for twelve Representatives the 
Number of the same were found to be two hundred & seventy 
two ; & upon sorting them it appeared, that the following Gentle- 
men were chosen, Viz'. 

William Cooper 

William Philips 

John Pitts 

John Brown 

Benjamin Austin 

David Jeffries 

Arnold Wells excused 

William Powell D. 

Oliver Wendell 

Nathaniel Appleton 

D r . Joseph Gardner 

Caleb Davis 

The Choice of Representatives being over, & declared by the 
Selectmen, the Inhabitants were desired to withdraw, & bring in 
their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, in order that the 
Town may [49.] Proceed in transacting the other Affairs 
mentioned in the Warrant ; accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew, 
& brought in their Votes, and upon sorting them it appeared that 

the Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. was chosen. 

Arnold Wells Esq. & M r . William Powell desired to be excused 
from serving as Representatives the Year ensuing, for Reasons by 
them respectively offered, & they were accordingly excused. 
Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to this Afternoon 3 

O'Clock. 

3 O'Clock, P. M. met according to Adjournment. 

That Article in the Warrant, Viz 4 . " To consider whether the 

Town will, in Conformity to a Resolve of the late Hon ble . House 

of Representatives for this Colony, advise their Representatives, 

" That if the Hon ble . Continental Congress should, for the Safety 

of the Colonies, declare them Independent of the Kingdom of 

Great Britain, they, the Inhabitants, will solemnly engage, with 

their Lives and Fortunes to support them in the Measure " was 

read & duely Considered, & the Question being accordingly put 

Passed in the Affirmative unanimously 

That Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . "To consider what farther 
Instructions may be necessary for the Representatives that may 
be chosen," was read whereupon 

Voted, that M r . William Davis 

Joseph Greenleaf Esq. 

Perez Morton Esq. 

M r . Benjamin Hitchburne 

D r . Charles Jarvis 

be a Comittee to prepare a Draught of Instructions for the 
Representatives, chosen, and to make Report as soon as may 

be. 

[5O.] On a Motion made, Voted, that the Vote lately passed, 



236 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

appointing a Comittee to prepare an Address to General Wash' 
ington, be considered, & said Comittee excused from that Service, 
the Selectmen having already presented One in the Name of the 

Town. 

That Article in the "Warrant, Viz*. ' ' Whether any Measures 
shall be taken for the Borrowing a Sum of Money to answer the 
present Necessities of the Town " read Whereupon Voted, 
that the Gentlemen, the Selectmen, be a Comittee to consider & 

report the Sum necessary to be borrowed. 

On a Motion made, Voted, that 

Joseph Greenleaff Esq. 

Perez Morton Esq. 

M r . Benjamin Hitchburne 

be a Comittee to consider & report, what is proper to be done by 
the Town to prevent the Forestalling the Market, & the monopo- 
lizing the Wood brought by Water. 



Adjourned to Fryday next 3 O'Clock. 

Fryday May 27 th . 3 O'Clock P.M. 

Met according to Adjournment 

The Comittee appointed to consider & report the Sum of 
Money it was necessary to borrow informed the Town, that 
they were not yet able to make an Estimate of the Money that may 
be necessary to answer the present Exigencies of the Town 

On a Motion made, Voted, that David Jeffries Eqs r . Town 
Treasurer be, & he hereby is impowered & directed to borrow, on 
Interest, a Sum of Money not exceeding Two thousand Pounds, 
to answer the present Necessities of the Town. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for two Representatives 
in the Room of M r . Wells & M r . Powell, who have resigned and 
upon sorting them it appeared, that the following Gentlemen were 

chosen, Viz'. 

M r . Henry Hill 
M r . Allen Otis 

[51.] Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Monday Next, 
9 O'Clock 

Monday May 30 th 10 O'Clock Town met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

On a Motion made, Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to 
past 12 O'Clock 



Met according to Adjournment 



Joseph Greenleaff Esq. excused from Serving on the Comittee, 
of Correspondence Safety & Inspection for Reasons by him of- 
fered 

The Comittee on Instructions reported the following Draught, 
Viz. 4 , 

Instructions to the Representatives of the town of Boston 

Gentlemen, 

At a time when, in all Probability, the whole United Colonies 
of America are upon the Verge of a glorious Revolution, & when, 
consequently, the most important Questions that ever were agitated 
by the Representative Body of this Colony, touching its internal 
Police, will demand your Attention ; your Constituents think it 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1776. 237 

necessary to instruct you, in several Matters, what Part to act, 
that the Path of your Duty may be plain before you. 

We have seen the humble Petitions of these Colonies to the 
King of Great Britain repeatedly rejected with Disdain. For the 
Prayer of Peace he has tendered the Sword ; for Liberty, Chains ; 
for Safety, Death ! He has licenced the Instruments of his hos- 
tile Oppressions to rob us of our Property, to burn our Houses, 
& to spill our Blood He has invited every barbarous Nation, 
whom he could hope to influence, to assist him in prosecuting those 
inhumane Purposes, The Prince, therefore, in Support of whose 
Crown & Dignity, not many years since, we would most chearfully 
have expended both Life & Fortune, we are now constrained to 
consider as the worst of Tyrants : Loyalty to him is now Treason 
to our Country : 

[52.] AVe have seen his venal Parliament so basely prostituted 
to his Designs, that they have not hesitated to enforce his arbitrary 
Requisitions with the most sanguinary Laws. We have seen the 
People of Great Britain so lost to every Sense of Virtue & Honor, 
as to pass over the most pathetic & earnest Appeals to their Jus- 
tice with an unfeeling Indifference. The Hopes we placed on their 
Exertions have long since failed. In short, we are convinced, 
that it is the fixt & settled Determination of the King, Ministry, 
& Parliament of that Island to conquer & subjugate the Colonies, 
& that the People there have no Disposition to oppose them A 
Reconciliation with them appears to us to be as dangerous as it is 
absurd A Spirit of Resentment once raised it is not easy to ap- 
pease : The Recollection of past Injuries will perpetually keep 
alive the Flame of Jealousy, which will stimulate to new Imposi- 
tions on the One Side, & consequent Resistance on the other ; & 
the whole Body politic will be constantly subject to civil Fermen- 
tations & Commotions. We therefore think it absolutely imprac- 
ticable for these Colonies to be ever again subject to, or dependent 
upon Great Britian, without endangering the very Existence of the 
State : Placing however, unbounded Confidence in the Supreme 
Council of the Congress, we are determined to wait, most patiently 
to wait, 'till their Wisdom shall dictate the Necessity of making a 
Declaration of Independency Nor should we have ventured to 
express our Sentiments upon this Subject, but from the Presump- 
tion, that the Congress would chuse to feel themselves supported 
by the People of each Colony, before they should adopt a Resolu- 
tion so interesting to the whole. The Inhabitants of this Town 
therefore, unanimously instruct & direct you, that, at the Ap- 
proaching Session of the General Assembly, you use your Endeav- 
ors, that the Delegates of this Colony, at the Congress, be advised, 
that in Case the Congress should think it necessary for the Safety 
of the United Colonies, to declare themselves independent on Great 
Britian, the Inhabitants of this Colonly, with their Lives & the 
Remnant of their Fortunes, will most chearfully support them in 
the measure. 

[53.] Touching the internal Police of this Colony, it is es- 
sentially necessary, in Order to preserve Harmony among ourselves, 
that the constituent Body be satisfied, that they are fully & fairly 



238 Crrr DOCUMENT No. 91. 

represented The Right to legislate is originally in every Member 
of the Comunity ; which Right is always exercised of a State : 
But when the Inhabitants are become numerous, 'tis not only in- 
convenient, but impracticable for all to meet in One Assembly ; 
& hence arose the Necessity & Practice of legislating by a few, 
freely chosen by the many. When this Choice is free, & the 
Representation, equal, 'tis the People's Fault if they are not happy : 
We therefore entreat you to devise some Means to obtain an egual 
Representation of the People of this Colony in the Legislature. 
But care should be taken, that the Assembly be not unweildy ; for 
this would be an Approach to the Evil meant to be cured by Rep- 
resentation. The largest Bodies of Men do not always dispatch 
Business with the greatest Expedition, nor conduct it in the wisest 
manner 

It is essential to Liberty that the legislative, judicial & execu- 
tive Powers of Government be, as nearly as possible, independent 
of & separate from each other ; for where they are united in the 
same Persons, there will be wanting that natural Check, which is 
the principal Security against the enacting of arbitrary Laws, and 
a wanton Exercise of Power in the Execution of them. It is also 
of the highest Importance that every Person in a Judiciary Depart- 
ment, employ the greatest Part of his Time & Attention in the 
Duties of his Office. We therefore farther instruct you, to pro- 
cure the making such Law or Laws, as shall make it incompatible 
for the same Person to hold a Seat in the legislative & executive 
Departments of Government, at one & the same time : That 
shall render the Judges in every Judicatory thro' the Colony, de- 
pendent, not on the uncertain Tenure of Caprice or Pleasure, but 
on an unimpeachable Deportment in the important Duties of their 
Station, for their Continuance in Office : And to prevent the 
Multiplicity of Offices in the same Person, that such Salaries be set- 
tled upon them, as [54.] Will place them above the Necessity of 
stooping to any indirect or collateral Means for Subsistence. 

We wish to avoid a Profusion of the public Monies on the one 
hand, & the Danger of sacrificing our Liberties to a Spirit of Par- 
simony on the other : Not doubting of your Zeal & Abilities in 
the common Cause of our Country, we leave your Discretion to 
prompt such Exertions, in promoting any military Operations, as 
the Exigency of our public Affairs may require : And in the same 
Confidence in your Fervor & Attachment to the public Weal, we 
readily submit all other Matters of public Moment, that may re- 
quire your Consideration to your own Wisdom & Discretion. 

The foregoing Draught of Instructions to our Representatives, 
having been read & considered, the Question was put " Whether 
the same shall be accepted, & given to our Representatives, as 
their Instructions " Passed in the Affirmative unanimously. 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, that the Gentlemen, the Select- 
men be directed to wait upon the Comittee of the General Court, 
for fortifying the Harbor of Boston, & to desire that they would 
suspend the sinking of the Hulks, untill the Sense of the Town be 
legally taken relative thereto. 

On a Motion made Voted, that this Meeting may be adjourned 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1776. 239 

to Tuesday next, 9 O'Clock, Forenoon And the Meeting was 
accordingly adjourned 

Tuesday Morning, 9 O'Clock, 

Met according to Adjournment 

The Town took into Consideration the Expediency of having 
Hulks sunk in this Harbor, for the present, & after a full & fair 
Debate, the Question was put viz'. "Whether it be the Sense 
of the Town, that the Hulks should be sunk at present " ? which 
passed in the Negative, Nem. Con. 

Voted, that Samuel Barret Esq. 

M r . Benj a . Hitchburne 

[55.] Henry Bromfield Esq. 

Perez Morton Esq. 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 

be, & hereby are appointed a Comittee to present, in Behalf of 
this Town, a Petition to the Great & General Court now sitting, 
praying that they would reconsider their former Vote for the 
Sinking of Hulks in this Harbour, so far as that the sinking of 
them for the present may be Suspended 

The Town brought in their Votes for one to serve on the Comittee 
of Correspondence, Inspection & Safety, in the Room of Joseph 
Greenleaff Esq, who has lately resigned And upon sorting the 
Votes it appeared, that 

M r . Ellis Gray, was chosen one of the Comittee of Correspond- 
ence, Inspection & Safety for the Year ensuing. 

Voted, that this Meeting be dissolved, and it was accordingly 
dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston at the Old Brick Meeting House, duely qualified 
& legally warned, in public Town Meeting assembled, May 27 th . 
Anno Domini 1776. 

Warrant for Calling this Meeting read. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq r . was chosen Moderator of 
this Meeting. 

On a Motion made, Voted, that the Words, other Inhabitants, 
be deled out of the Warrant for calling the Meeting 

Votes for a County Register brought in & sealed up in Town 
Meeting by the Selectmen were deliver'd to their Chairman, John 
Scollay Esq. to be by him returned to the Court of Sessions. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[56.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders of the Town of 
Boston, duely qualified & legally warned, in public Town Meeting 
assembled, at the old Brick Meeting House, on Monday the 26 th . 
Day of August, Anno Domini 1776. 

Warrant for calling this Meeting read 

Benjamin Kent Esq. was chose Moderator of the Meeting by a 
Hand Vote 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in their 



240 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Votes for two Selectmen, there being but two of those who were 
chose in March last, who declined serving ; & the Votes being 
brought in & sorted, it appeared, that 

John Greenleaff Esq. 
Henry Bromfield Esq. 
were unanimously chose Selectmen for the Remainder of the Year 

A Motion was made to proceed to the Choice of proper Persons 
for filling up the Comittee of Correspondence, Inspection & Safety 
and after considerable Debate, it was moved & carried, that 
'the farther Consideration of this Matter be referred over to To- 
morrow 10 O'Clock, A.M. 

On a Motion made Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to 3 
O'Clock Afternoon, then to meet in the Representatives Cham- 
ber. 

3 O'Clock P.M. met according to Adjournment. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for One Overseer of the 
Poor, & upon sorting them it appeared, that 

John Barret Esq. 

was unanimously chosen an Overseer of the Poor for the Remainder 
of the Year 

The Clause in the Warrant, Viz'. " To consider what Methods 
shall be taken for the speedy clearing of the Town from the 
Small Pox " was read & considered, whereupon it was moved & 
seconded, 

[57.] That a Comittee of Thirty Six Persons be immediately 
appointed, three for each Ward, whose Business it shall be to re- 
pair to every House in their respective Ward, to ask the following 
questions & take down the Answers in writing 

Who live in this House, & what is the Name of the Head of the 
Family ? 

How many Persons in this House have had the Small Pox both 
white & black, the natural Way, & by Inoculation, & how many 
of each have died ? 

How many Persons from the Country have had the Small Pox 
in this House, & how many of them came into Town after the 15 th . 
day of July last their Names & by whom innoculated? 

How many are now Sick, & how many that have not had the 
Small Pox? 

How many Persons belonging to this Family are now in the 
Service? 

Is it Continental, or Coloniel? 

Is it by Sea, or by Land ? 

If by Sea, in what Vessel? 

Have any of them been hired by other Towns, & what Towns 
are they? 

And the Question being accordingly put 

Passed in the Affirmative. 

Voted, that the following Gentlemen be and here by are appointed 
a Comittee for the Purpose aforesaid Vis'. 

Major Newman Greenough ~\ Wards 

M r . John Lambert Jun r . N 1 

Deacon Jonathan Brown j 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1776. 241 

Capt Gyles Harris ) Wards 

M r . Elias Parkman N. 2 

M r . Edward Grant j 

M r . Ebenezer Howard ^ 

M r . Caleb Champney 8 

M r . Nathan 1 Hitchburne ) 
[58.] Francis Shaw Esq. "j 

Capt Andrew Syms 4 

William Thornburne ) 

Capt Jonathan Gary ^ 

JVl r . George B. Gidney V - - - - 5 

M r . John Waldo } 

Capt Samuel Barrett 

M r . John Jenkins ] - - - - 6 

M r . Samuel Sloan 

Capt Job Prince 

M r . Edward Carnes \- - - - - 7 

M r . John Winnet 

Capt Benj a . Gray 

M r . John Colburne V - - - - 8 

M r . Nicolas Bowes j 

M r . Ezekiel Price 1 

Thomas Daws Esq. .... 9 

Capt Samuel Dashwood ) 

M r . Jeremiah Belknap ^ 

Capt Jeremiah Stimson > - - - -10 

M r . Jon*. Amory j 

Capt Jabez Hatch 1 

M r . Hermon Brimmer > - - - - 11 

M r . Samuel Hewes ) 

Capt Ephraim May ^ 

M r . Ebenezer Dorr v - - - - 12 

M r . Thomas Baley ) 

And it was farther Voted, that the foregoing Comittee be directed 
to acquaint the Overseers of their respective Wards, of the 
Time set for the Visitation, & to ask their Company therein, & 
that the Constables of the Town attend the Comittee in said Walk ; 
& the Comittee are also directed to take the most effectual Meth- 
ods to cause the Houses in the several Wards, to be well cleansed 

from the Infection. 

[59.] That Clause in the Warrant, Viz'. " To consider of the 
Expediency of Erecting a Pound for the Security of Strays, was 
read & considered, and the Question being put "Whether it 
be expedient, that a Pound be erected at this Time Passed in 
the Negative 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz'. "Whether any Application 
shall be made to Authority, to have the Militia of the Town Set- 
tled ; & to determine upon some Method to have the Inhabitants 
provided, with Arms, according to Law " was read, & after some 
Debate, the Question was put and it passed in the Affirma- 
tive. 

On a Motion made, Voted, that the farther Consideration of the 



242 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Article in the Warrant relative to settling the Militia, be referred 

to Tuesday afternoon 3 O'Clock 

Adjourned to Tuesday next, 10 O'Clock in the Forenoon 
Tuesday the 27 th . Day of August, 10 O'Clock A.M. met accord- 
ing to Adjournment. 

That Clause in the Warrant, viz. " To determine upon some 
Method to have the Inhabitants provided with Arms &c according 
to Law," was read, & considered Whereupon 
Voted, that M r . Ezekiel Price 

Joseph Greenleafif Esq. 
M r . Jonathan Mason 
M r . Joseph Banett 
M r . Ellis Gray 
Captain Samuel Partridge 
Major Thomas Daws 
be, & hereby are appointed a Coinittee, to take this Matter into 

Consideration, & report their Opinion as soon as may be. 

The Town took into Consideration the Expediency of filling up 
the Vacancies in the Coinittee of Correspondence & Inspection, 
& after long Debates, it was moved & seconded & the Question 
accordingly put "Whether, according to a Resolve of the 
Great & General Court of this State, passed the 13 th . of February 
1776, relative to Commitees of Correspondence, such Persons as 
have been elected from said Comittee [6O.] Representatives, do 
not by such Election, cease to be Members of said Comittee " 

Passed in the Affirmative 

And upon a Motion made the Question was put ' ' Whether 
it be not the Sense of the Town, that all other Town Officers, are, 
by the said Resolve, excluded from Serving Members of the Coin- 
ittee of Correspondence, Inspection &c " Passed in the Affirma- 
tive 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock in the Afternoon 



3 O'Clock P.M. met according to Adjournment 



The Town took into Consideration the Expediency of filling up the 
Coinittee of Correspondence Inspection & Safety and after long 
Debates it was moved & seconded, & the Question accordingly 
put Whether holding any military Comission in the Continental 
or Colonial Army is not incompatable with holding any Civil 
Trust ? Passed in the Affirmative 

Adjourned to Wednesday 10 O'Clock in the Forenoon 
Wednesday the 28 th . of August Instant, 10 O'Clock A.M. met 

according to Adjournment 

Mess". William Sherburne 

William Mollineux - - - - sworn 
Nathaniel Jarvis ----- D. 
Martin Becker ----- D. 
Thomas Cartwright 

were chose Clerks of the Market for the Remainder of the Year, 
in the Room of those who are absent, or have resigned 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Six Wardens in the 
Room of those who are out of Town, or have resigned, and upon 
sorting them it appeared, that 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1776. 243 

Capt. Ephraim May - - - - excused 
M r . Nathaniel Bahlc 

M r . Joseph Banett excused 

M r . Daniel Bell ------ sworn 

M r . William Clough D. 

M r . Thomas Fleet D. 

M r . Edward Edes excused 

[61. ] Were chosen Wardens for the Remainder of the Year. 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P.M. 

3 O'Clock P.M. met according to Adjournment. 

That Article in the Warrant, Viz. "To consider of some effect- 
ual Measures to promote Order, & a Reformation of Manners, 
was read & after considerable Debate, with respect to the Gen- 
eral Nature of the Article, & what was intended a Motion was 
made & seconded, That a Comittee be appointed to take this Ar- 
ticle of the Warrant into Consideration, & report at the intended 
Adjournment. This Motion having occasioned considerable De- 
bate, it was the Sense of the Town, that the Question upon said 

Motion should not then be put 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to To-morrow Morning, 

10 O'Clock, A. M. 

Thursday 10 O'Clock A. M. met according to Adjournment 
An Order of Timothy Pickering Esq, Judge of the Court 
erected by this State, for the Trial & Condemnation of Vessells &c. 
To choose Twelve Jurymen, for a Court to be held at Boston, the 
5 th . Day of September next, 10 O'Clock, A. M. was read, where- 
upon 

Mess. Isaac Pierce 

Edward Carnes 

Benj a . Cobb 

Thomas Ivers 

Thomas Hitchburne 

Joseph Loriug 

Samuel Dashwood 

John Andrews 

Edward Tuckerman 

Levi Jennings 

John Newell 

John Welch - - (Jeweller) 

[62.] Were drawn out of the Box Jurymen for said Court 

The Article in the Warrant relative to filling up the Comittee of 
Correspondence Inspection & Safety, again taken up and de- 
bated 



Adjourned to 3 O'Clock in the Afternoon 



Thursday 3 O'Clock, P. M. met according to Adjournment 
On a Motion, Voted, that the Town will now come to the Choice 
of Ten Members for the Comittee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety, in the Room of those who have resigned, or look'd upon 
by the Town, as ceasing to be Members of Said Committee, since 
their being chose Representatives, Viz'. 

Mess. Nathaniel Appleton 
Oliver Wendell 



244 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

William Dennie 
Richard Boynton 
William Powell 
Caleb Davis 
William Cooper 
John Brown 
John Pitts 
John Sweetser 
It was farther Voted, that the Choice of Ten Members for the 

Comittee of Correspondence &c. be by seperate Votes. 

The Votes being brought in accordingly, upon sorting them at 
the different Times they were brought in, it appeared, that 
M r . James Bowdoin 
M r . Ezekiel Price 
M r . Joshua. Blanchard 
M r . William Davis 
Capt. Gustavus Fellons 
Jonathan Williams Esq. 
Capt. Eleazer Johnson 
M r . Hermoin Brimmer 
M r . Bessinger Foster 
M r . Ebenezer Dorr 

were chose Members of the Committee of Correspondence, Inspec- 
tion & Safety, for the Remainder of the Year. 

On a Motion made, Voted, that 

Joseph Greenleaf Esq. 
M r . Stephen Bruce 
Col: Henry Jackson 

be, & hereby are appointed a Committee, to wait on those Persons, 
who were Delinquents on the late Muster Day, for their Subscrip- 
tions towards a Bounty, for the Encouragement of those who 
turned out Volunteers for the Nothern or Canada Department on 

said Day 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Monday the 9 th . Day 
of September next, 10 O'Clock A. M. to meet at the Representa- 
tives Chamber. 

Monday the 9 th . day of September 10 o'Clock Forenoon met 

according to Adjournment. 

The Town Clerk acquainted the Inhabitants, that agreeable to 

their Recomendation, signified to the General Assembly, they had 

appointed 

Henry Bromfield Esq. - - . - - Col: 
Thomas Daws Esq. ----- L 4 . Col: 

Ephraim May ------- Major 

William Daws Jun r . - - - - 2 d . Major 

of the Regiment of Militia in the Town of Boston 

The Venire for the Choice of three Jurymen for the Court of 

General Sessions of the Peace, & the Inferior Court of Common 

Pleas, to be holden at Braintree on the first Tuesday of [64.] 

October next, was read, & the following Persons drawn out of the 

Box, Jurors for said Court, Viz'. 

Capt. John Matchet 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1776. 245 

M r . John Preston 
M r . Samuel Hewes 

The Committee appointed to consider of some Method to have 
the Inhabitants provided with Fire Arms &c according to Law 
Reported, 

That 251 7 2 Voted by the Hon ble . House & Council of 
this State, in Lieu of the Arms belonging to some of the Inhab- 
itants of this Town, be received & put into the Hands of a Com- 
ittee, whose Business shall be to purchase, in the best Way & 
Manner, they can, a Quantity of Muskets for the Use aforesaid, 
and dispose of them in the following manner, Viz'. They shall 
sell to such of the Inhabitants, as are able to purchase them, One 
of said Muskets for himself , & as many more as he has Persons 
in his Family, liable to bear Arms, & that the Money so received, 
shall be again laid out for Fire Arms, till a sufficient Number 
shall be purchased for the use of the Town, dc that such of the 
Inhabitants of the Town, as are not able to purchase Arms, shall 
be furnished in the manner following, Viz'. 

The Coiriittee shall deposit with the Captains of the several 
Military Companies in said Town, a Number sufficient to supply 
such Persons, as are not able to purchase them, to be delivered 
them in Case of Emergency, & on Muster Days to be returned to 
said Captains, when they are not in Use. And the Committee 
farther reported, that a Part of the Money aforesaid should be 
laid out in Powder, so that each man may have half a pound at 
least which Report having been read & considered the Ques- 
tion was put ' ' Whether the same be accepted Passed in the 
Affirmative Also Voted, that 

Capt John Marston 

Col. Henry Jackson 

Capt John Tyler 
[65.] M;. Joseph Banet 

M r . Thomas Hill 

M r . Joseph Webb 

M r . Martin Brimmer 
be, & hereby are appointed a Coinittee to carry the foregoing 

Report into Execution. 

A Motion was made, that a Vote passed at the late Meeting, 
appointing a Coinittee to wait on the Delinquents, on the late 
Muster Day, for their Subscription towards a Bounty for the 
Encouragement of Volunteers &c be reconsidered, & the said 
Comittee excused from that Service and the Question being put 
Passed in the Affirmative 

The Committee appointed to visit the several Wards, & take 
the State of the Town, with respect to the Small Pox Reported 
the State of the several Wards Whereupon 

Voted, that said Comittee be desired to revisit their respective 
Wards, & cause that such Houses as are unoccupied, and sus- 
pected of being infected, be well smoak'd, & cleansed, & that the 
Bills of Charge arising thereon be handed in to the Selectmen for 
payment & said Coinittee are desired to make strict Enquiry, how 
the Orders given the Inhabitants for cleansing the Houses that 



246 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

had been infected, had been complied with That they also 
enquire, how the Inhabitants are furnished with small Arms ; & 
in a very particular manner, as to the Number of Persons that are 
in the public Service by Sea & Land & how many are now sick 
with the Small Pox? Also, 

Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen, be desired to use 
their best Endeavors, that the Resolve of the General Court, & 
the several Laws now in force relative to the Small Pox, be 
carried into immediate & strict Execution ; & that they take the 
same Measures to rid the Town of Infection, as have been 
practised to prevent the Small Pox from spreading in the 
Town. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Monday next, being 
the 16 th . of September Instant 10 o'Clock Forenoon. 

[66.] Monday the 16 th . of September 10 o'Clock A.M. met 
according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed the 26 th . of August last to visit the 
Houses of the several Wards in this Town, & to take the State of 
their respective Wards, relative to the Small Pox the Number of 
Inhabitants in the Public Service the Number of Muskets now in 
Town, in the Hands of the Militia &c Report as follows, Viz'. 

That in 1566 Families 295 white Persons & 9 Blacks had re-, 
ceived the Small Pox in the natural Way ; of which 29 had died ; 
the Proportion about One in Ten ; that 2873 of the Inhabitants 
had been innoculated, of which 74 were Blacks also 1329 Per- 
sons from the country & 786 Soldiers making hi the whole 4988, 
who had been innoculated, 28 of which Number had died ; the 
Proportion of One in one hundred & ninety two that 20 Persons 
were now under the Distemper, & 157 yet exposed to it 

That 535 of the Inhabitants were now in the Continental Service, 
206 in the Colony, & 166 in the Sea Service making in the whole 
907 Persons in the Service of their Country and that 197 Mus- 
kets are now in the Hands of the Inhabitants of this Town, exclu- 
sive of those belonging to the Independent Company so called. 

The Town brought in their Votes for four Wardens in the Room 
of M r . Colson, M r . May, M r . Barrel, & M r , Edes, & upon sorting 
them it appeared, that 

Mess". Ephraim Copeland 

John Welch ----- Jeweller 
Samuel Payne 
Thomas Baley 

were chose Wardens for the Remainder of the Year. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for five Constables & 
upon sorting them it appeared, that 
[67.] Mess". John Rogers 

Augustus Hail ----- s 
Benjamin Clark ----- s 
Thomas Stevenson - - - - s 
John Bartlett ----- s 
were chosen Constables for the Remainder of the Year 

A Motion was made that this Meeting be dissolved 

And it was accordingly dissolved. 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1776. 247 

At a Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston at the 
old Brick Meeting House, in Boston, October the 11 th . 1776,9 
o'Clock A.M. in Consequence of a Resolve of the Hon ble . House of 
Representatives of this State, passed the 17 th . of September 
last. 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting read. 

Voted, to come to the Choice of a Moderator by a Hand Vote. 

Renjamin Kent Esq. 
was chosen Moderator of this Meeting 

The Resolve of the Hon ble . House of Representatives of this State, 
passed the 17 th . of September last Viz 1 , " That it be recom- 
mended to the Male Inhabitants of each Town in this State, being 
free & Twenty One Years of Age, or upwards, that assemble as 
soon as they can in Town Meeting, upon seasonable previous 
Warning, to be therefor given, according to Law, & that, in such 
Meeting, they consider & determine whether they will give their 
Consent, that the present House of Representatives of this State 
of Massachusetts Bay in New England, together with the Council 
if they consent, in One Body with the House, & by equal Vote, 
should consult, agree on, & enact such a Constitution [68.] And 
Form of Government for this State, as the said House of Repre- 
sentatives & Council aforesaid, on the fullest & most mature De- 
liberation shall judge will be most conducive to the Safety, Peace, 
& Happiness of this State, in all after & successive Generations ; 
& if they would direct that the same be made public for the In- 
spection & Perusal of the Inhabitants, before the Ratification 
thereof by the Assembly. And that each Town, as soon as may 
be, after they have passed on the Question aforesaid, cause their 
Votes, or Resolutions thereon, to be certified into the Office of the 
Secretary of this State." was read & considered whereupon 
a Motion was made that the previous Question might be put 
Viz'. " Whether the Town will now act upon this Resolve "? and 
the same being put Passed in the Affirmative 

The said Resolve being again read, after considerable Debate 
the Question was put in these Words of the Resolve, which passed 
in the Negative Unanimously 

On a Motion made, Voted, that a Comittee be appointed to draw 
up the Reasons the Town had for Voting as they have done, to be 
certified into the Office of the Secretary of this State. 

Voted, that Thomas Boylston Esq. 
Joseph Greenleaff Esq 
M r . Ellis Gray 

be a Committee for the Purpose aforesaid, & to report as soon as 
may be. 



Adjourned to 3 o'Clock in the Afternoon 

3 o'Clock P.M. met according to Adjournment. 



The Committee appointed to draw up and state the Reasons, 
which operated to the Town's Voting in the Negative when the 
Question was put, relative to impowering the House & Council in 
One Body to form a Constitution of Government to be laid before 
the People for their Perusal & Inspection Reported as follows, 
Viz*. 



248 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

1*. We apprehend the People have some higher Privileges, 
than [69.] A bare Inspection & Perusal of the Constitution un- 
der which they are to live. 

2 d . The present General Court were not chosen for the Purpose 
of forming a Government, which, of Right, originates with the 
People. 

The above Report having been read after long Debate, it was 
Voted, that the farther Consideration thereof be referred to the 
Adjournment. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Wednesday the 16 th . 
instant, 10 o'Clock A. M. 

Wednesday the 16 th of October 1776, A.M. met according to 
Adjournment. 

The Report of the Committee for stating the Reasons the Town 
had for not impowering the Hon ble . House of Representatives to 
form a Constitution of Government again read and considered 
& a Motion made, Voted, that the Report be recommitted. 

The Comittee for stating Reasons etc. Reported as follows, 
Viz'. 

1'. To form Government & establish a Constitution for the 
present & succeeding Generation, is a Task or Consideration the 
most important, it extends as much to our Religious as Civil Lib- 
erties, & includes our All It effects every Individual ; every In- 
dividual therefore ought to be consulting, acting & assisting. 

2 d . A Subject of such General, & indeed Infinite Concernment 
ought to be proceeded in with the greatest Caution & maturest 
Deliberation. The Means or Channels of Information should all 
lay open to the People, &not restricted or confined to any particu- 
lar Assembly however respectable. 

3 d . Precipitancy is to be guarded against time & Opportunity 
shou'd be taken by the people whose right it is to form Govern- 
ment, to collect the wisest Sentiments on this Subject ; not of the 
present House only, but also of the Council, & every other Society, 
or Member of the State, that would favor the Public with their 
Sentiments, [7O.] In Order that they may possess themselves of 
such Principles, & wise Maxims sounded on the best Precedents, 
& thereby be enabled to form a judicious & happy Constitution of 
Government. 

The foregoing Report having been read & considered the Ques- 
tion was put " Whether the same shall be accepted " ? Passed 
in the Affirmative Unanimously. 

Voted, that the Town Clerk be directed to cause the foregoing 
Votes, or Resolutions, relative to the Resolve of the House of 
Representatives to be certified into the Office of the Secretary of 
this State. 

Adjourned to 3 o'Clock in the Afternoon 

3 o'Clock afternoon, met according to Adjournment 

A Motion made relative forming a new Government, was the 

Subject Matter of a long Debate, but the Motion was finally 

withdrawn 

Voted, that this Meeting be dissolved, and it was accordingly 

dissolved. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1776. 249 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders of the Town of Boston, duely 
qualified & legally warned, in public Town Meeting assembled at 
the Old Brick Meeting House 11 th . of October 1776, 10 o'Clock 
A.M. 



Warrant for calling the Meeting read 



Voted to come to the Choice of a Moderator by a Hand Vote 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 

was chosen Moderator of this Meeting. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to 4 o'Clock P.M. 

4 O'Clock P.M. met according to Adjournment 

On a Motion made, Voted, that this Meeting be farther ad- 
journed to Wednesday, 16 th . day of October instant, 10 o'Clock 
before Noon 



[71.] And the Meeting was accordingly adjourned. 



Wednesday the 16 th . of October 11 O'Clock forenoon, met 
according to Adjournment. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to 4 O'Clock after 
Noon. 

4 O'Clock P.M. met according to Adjournment 
The Committee appointed at a late Meeting to prepare a By-Law, 
relative to forestalling of Wood and other Necessaries of Life 
Report a By-Law for preventing of those Evils, & the same hav- 
ing been read & considered, the Question was put, Viz'. Whether 
it shall be accepted as a By-Law of this Town Passed in the 

Negative 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'. ' ' To consider the Petition of a 
Number of the Inhabitants relative to several Grievances arising 
from the Forestalling of Wood, Provisions and other Necessaries 
of Life" was read, & after considerable Debate, 
Voted, that Col. Thomas Daws 

M r . Ezekiel Price 

Col. Nathaniel Barber 

M r . Ellis Gray 

Capt. Williams 

Deacon Jonathan Mason 

M r . Samuel Whitwell 

M r . John Reed 

be a Comittee to take this Matter into Consideration, & report as 
soon as may be, what they apprehend will be for the Interest of 

the Town to be done thereon 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Wednesday, next the 
23 d . of October instant, 10 o'Clock, to receive the Report of the 
forenamed Committee, & to act upon other Articles of the 
Warrant 

Wednesday October 23 d . 1776, met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

[72.] Benjamin Kent Esq. Moderator of this Meeting being 
on a Journey, 

M r . Ezekiel Price 
was chosen Moderator of this Meeting Pro. Tern. 

The Comittee appointed to consider the Petition relative to ser 



250 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

eral Grievances arising from the forestalling of "Wood & other 
Necessaries of Life, informed the Town, that they were not ready 
to make Report 

On a Motion made, Voted, that all Matters & things mentioned 
in the Warrant for calling this Meeting, & which remain unfin- 
ished, be referred over to the next Town Meeting, then to be 
taken up & acted upon. 

Voted, that this Meeting be dissolved, and it was accordingly 
dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders of the Town of Boston, duely 
qualified & legally warned, in public Town Meeting assembled, at 
the Old Brick Meeting House, 30 th . Day of October, 10 o'Clock 
A.M. Anno Domini 1776 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting read 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Moderator of this Meet- 
ing, & upon sorting them it appeared, that 

M r . Jonathan Mason 
was chosen Moderator of the Meeting. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. " To consider and determine 
what Measures shall be taken, respecting the Poor of the Town of 
Boston, who, by a late Resolve of the General Court, are to be 
removed from Salem & elsewhere, to this Town"? was read 
whereupon considerable Debate arose, & a Motion was made, 
11 That the Town Treasurer be impowered to borrow a Sum of 
Money for the Use of the Overseers" [73.] " It was objected to, 
as not being inserted in the Warrant " and a Doubt arising, 
Whether the Town was legally warned It was moved & Voted 
that this Meeting be dissolved, & the Meeting was accordingly dis- 
solved. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders of the Town of Boston, duely 
qualified & legally warned in public Town Meeting assembled, at 
the Old Brick Meeting House, November the 8 th . 1776. 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting read. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in their Votes 
for a Moderator, & the Votes being accordingly brought in & 
sorted, it appeared, that 

M r . Jonathan Mason 
was chosen Moderator of this Meeting. 

That Article in the Warrant, Viz'. " To determine what Meas- 
ures shall be taken, respecting the Poor of Boston, & the Sum of 
Money that shall be raised for their Support" was read & after 
considerable Debate, it was moved & Voted, that the farther Con- 
sideration thereof be referred to 3 O'Clock Afternoon. 

That Article in the Warrant, Viz 1 . " To consider & estimate 
what Measures shall be taken, to estimate the Damages the Town 
has sustained since the Port Bill took Place " was read & 
after long Debate, Voted, that the farther Consideration be referred 
to the Afternoon. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to 3 O'Clock P.M. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1776. 251 

3 O'Clock P.M. met according to Adjourment 
The Town brought in their Votes for two Overseers of the Poor, 
& upon sorting them, it appeared, that 
Isaac Smith Esq. 
M r . Edward Payne 

were chose Overseers of the Poor the Year ensuing. 

[74.] The Town again took into Consideration the Article in 
the "Warrant relative to the Poor of Boston ; & a Vote in writing 
was prepared, which was committed to M r . Otis for Amendment 

The Town again entered upon the Consideration of that Article 
in the Warrant relative to estimating the Damages the Town has 
sustained since the passing the Port Bill Whereupon 
Voted, that Col: Daws 

M r . Joseph Barrel 

M r . Ezekiel Price 

Col: Bromfield 

M r . Ebenezer Dorr 

Col: Barber 

Capt Procter 

be a Comittee to consider & report a List of suitable Persons to be 
employed by the Town in Estimating the Damages sustained by 

them since the Port Bill took place. 

On a Motion made, Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of the 
Town be, & hereby are given to John Barret & John Leverett 
Esq rs . for their faithful Services, as Overseers of the Poor a Num- 
ber of Years past. 

Whereas the General Assembly of this State, by their Resolve 
of the 17 th . of October last, determined that the Inhabitants of 
Boston disposed in the several Towns in this State, & supported 
at the public Expence, be returned to the Town, on or before the 
1*. of December next, & maintain'd at the Expence of the Town ; 
& the Selectmen of Salem have informed the Overseers of the 
Poor, that they intend to send the poor, formerly belonging to the 
Alms House, & now in the Hospital at Salem, to this Town by 
Water, on the 12 h . or 13 h . of this Month, their being at this Time 
no Money in the Treasury, nor any Tax made, that, in the present 
distressed State of the Town, can possibly be collected for the Re- 
pairs of the Almshouse, & the Support of said poor Voted, 
that the Town Treasurer be, & he hereby is directed & impowered 
to borrow from [75.] Time to time such Sums of Money, as he 
may have Occasion for, to pay the Draughts of the Overseers of 
the Poor, for the Support of said Poor, to the Amount of five 
thousand Pounds, & to give his Note or Notes for the same on In- 
terest. 

That Article in the Warrant, Viz*. " To appoint a Comittee to 
examine into the State of the Town Treasury, and the Annual Ex- 
pences of the Town" was read Whereupon 
L Voted, that M r . Joseph Barrel 

Col: Daws 

M r . Edward Payne 

M r . Banet 

M r . Storer 



252 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

be a Comitee for the Purpose aforesaid, & to report as soon as 
may be 

That Article in the Warrant, Viz 1 . " To determine what Num- 
ber of Schools shall be opened, & the Salaries that shall be allowed 
the Masters & their Ushers " was read & considered where- 
upon, 

Voted, that the School in Queen Street, of which M r . John Car- 
ter is Master, be immediately opened for the Accommodation of 
the Youth in that part of the Town, 

Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be, and hereby are 
directed to appoint an Usher for one or all the Schools, if they 
shall apprehend that Assistance is wanted. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred & Twenty pounds be al- 
lowed & paid unto M r . Samuel Hunt, for his Salary, as Master of 
the South Grammar School for the Remainder of the Year, the 
same to be paid him quarterly, as it shall become due, & to com- 
mence from the Time the School was opened. 

Voted, that the farther Sum of Eighty Pounds, be allowed & 
paid unto M r . Samuel Hunt, in Additiom to his Salary of 120 
in Consideration of the present high Price of the Necessaries of 
Life. 

Voted, that the Sum of One Hundred Pounds [76.] Be allowed 
& paid unto M r . Samuel Holbrook, for his Salary, as Master 
of the Writing School in the Common the ensuing Year, the same 
to be paid quarterly as it shall become due, & to commence from 
the Time the School was opened. 

Voted, that the farther Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed & 
paid unto M r . Samuel Holbrook, in Consideration of the present 
high Price of the Necessaries of Life. 

Voted, that the Sum of One Hundred Pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . James Tileston for his Salary, as Master of the North 
Writing School the Year ensuing, the same to be paid quarterly, 
as shall become due, & to commence from the time the School was 
opened. 

Voted, that the farther Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed & 
paid unto M r . James Tiletson, in Consideration of the present high 
Price of the Necessaries of Life. 

Voted, that the Sum of One Hundred Pounds be allowed & 
paid unto M r . James Carter for his Salary, as Master of the Wright- 
ing School in Queen Street for the Year ensuing, the same to be 
paid quarterly, as it shall become due, & to commence from the 
time the School was opened. 

Voted, that the farther Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed & 
paid unto M r . James Carter, in Consideration of the present high 
Price of the Necessaries of Life. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Monday the 11 th . of 
November instant, 10 O'Clock Forenoon. 

Monday November 11 th . 10 O'Clook, forenoon met according 
to Adjournment. 

The Comittee appointed to consider the Petition of a Number of 
the Inhabitants relative to several Grievances arising from the 
forestalling of Wood, Provisions & other Necessaries of Life " 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1776. 253 

beg Leave to recommend, that the Laws relative to Forestallers 
&c. be immediately put into Execution that Measurers of Wood 
be [77.] Immediately appointed, & that every Coaster, that re- 
ceives a Pass from the Office, have given him the Law relative to 
"Wood that the Persons employed in Cutting Wood this Win- 
ter may not plead Ignorance That Scales & Weights be fixt in 
the Market & the Square for weighing small Draughts, to prevent 
the Iniquity & Damage arising from weighing with Steelyards 
That the Inhabitants be as sparing as possible in purchasing of 
Butter & such other Articles as bear a high Price ; & that all they 
purchase be by AVeight & Measure ; as many Persons that have 
lately purchased Indian Meal in Bags for two Bushels, on Meas- 
uring have found considerable wanting so in Butter, oftentimes 
there has not been more than fourteen or fifteen Ounces to the 

Pound. 

The Coinittee forbear mentioning at present the Names of some 
Persons hinted to them, who, by engrossing and Forestalling, not 
only the Necessaries of Life, but many other Articles, are greatly 
injuring the Town, hoping they will desist from such Practices, so 
exceedingly prejudicial to the Community, or they must expect to 

be held up as unworthy the Name of Friends to their Country. 

THOMAS DAWS p. Order 

The foregoing Report having been read & considered the 
Question was put Whether the same shall be accepted Passed 
in the Affirmative 

The Comittee appointed to prepare a List of suitable Persons 
to be employed by the Town, for collecting an Account of the 
Damages sustained since the Boston Port Bill, having reported, it 
was 

Voted, that Sixty Persons be chosen, as a Committee Five for 
each Ward, for the Service aforesaid and the following Persons 
were appointed, Viz*. 

Capt. Fortesque Vernon 

Capt Caleb Hopkins 

M r . Thomas Adams Wards 

M r . Nathaniel Heath N. 1. 

M r . Zepheniah Hart 

M r . Benjamin Burt 

M r . Edward Grant 

M r . John Lambert jun r . J- 3ST. 2 

M r . Joseph Clark 

M r . John Brown 

Francis Shaw Esq. 

Capt Daniel Martin 

M r . Joseph Eustis 3. 

M r . John Wells 

M r . Nathaniel Hitchburne j 

Nathaniel Barber Esq. 

M r . Thomas Greenough 

M r . Gibbins Sharp } 4 

M r . Thomas Crafts jun r . 

M r . Timothy Atkins 



254 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Capt William Makay "| 

M r . Edward Gray Wards 

M r . Jonathan Stoddard [ N. 5 

M r . Asa Stoddard 

M r . Thomas Hitchburne J 

Joseph Greenleaff Esq. "} 

Henry Jackson Esq. 

Capt Samuel Barrett ^ 6 

Capt William Bell 

M r . Benj a . Sumner Sen r . 

Capt Downe Cheever 

M r . Timothy Newell 
- Capt Job Prince 

M r . William Homer 

M r . William Crafts 

M r . John Lowell 

M r . Joseph Hall 

Capt John Bradford } 8. 

M r . Benj a . Eustis 

Capt Charles Williams 
[79.] M r . Thomas Russell 

M r . Barthol". Kneeland 

Capt William Fleet 9 

M r . John Hudson 

M r . Thomas Parker 

Capt Samuel Dogget 

M r John Tileston 

M r . Daniel Ingersol \- 10 

M r . Thomas Tileston 

M r . Henry Tompson 

M r . Benjamin Church 

M r . Martin Brimmer 

Capt Samuel Payne \- ------11 

M r . John Preston 

M r . Rich d . Honeywell 

Arnold Wells Esq 

M r . WUliam Powell 

Capt Gustavus Fellows ^ 12 

M r . Thomas Baley 

M r . John Lucas 
On a Motion made, Voted, that 

Col. Thomas Daws 

M r . Edward Payne 

M r . Joseph Barrell 

M r . Ezekiel Price 

M r . Henderson Idches 

Be a Comittee to draught & report to the Town a sutable Plan 
of procedure for the Comittee appointed to collect Accounts of the 

Damages sustain'd since the Port Bill took place. 

A Motion made for re-considering the Vote for accepting the 
Report of the Comittee relative to Forestalling the Market 
after long Debate the Motion was withdrawn. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1776. 255 

[8O.] Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to 3 O'Clock 
Afternoon. 

3 O'Clock P. M. met according to Adjournment. 

On a Motion made, Voted that this Meeting be adjourned to 
Monday the 18 th . instant, 10 O'Clock forenoon 

Monday November the 18 th . 10 O'Clock Before Noon Met 
according to Adjournment. 

On a Motion made, Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to fill 
up any Vacancy that may happen in the Committee chosen out of 
the several Wards, for the Purpose of Collecting an Ace', of the 
Damages the Town has sustained since the Port Bill. 

The Town bro't in their Votes for an Overseer of the Poor, in 
the Room of M r . Daniel Waldo, who has not returned from the 
Country, & upon sorting them it appeared, that 

M r . Nathaniel Barrett 

was unanimously chosen an Overseer of the Poor for the present 
Year. 

On a motion made, Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be, & 
hereby are given to M r . Daniel Waldo for his faithful Services, as 
an Overseer of the Poor for a Number of Years past 

The Comittee appointed to consider & report some proper 
Method of ascertaining the Losses & Damages occasioned by by 
the Army & Navy stationed in this Town & Harbour, having 
attended that Business, & prepared a List of such Articles as 
appear to them to have been destroyed, damaged or taken from 
the Inhabitants which they herewith present for the Consideration 
of the Town They likewise propose that Hand Bills be sent to 
the Inhabitants informing them of the particular contain'd in the 
Schedule, to be delivered the Coinittee for each ward, & that the 
Sufferers be therein desired to have a particular Account of their 
Losses ready to delivered the Comittee, on, or before the 10 th . 
Day of December next. 

[81.] In this Schedule, no Ace', is proposed to be taken of 
the Losses sustained by the Port Bill, as no just estimate can be 
made of the loss of the Trade, & the Difficulties in carrying it on, 
which so great, as to induce some Merchants to quit Business & 
sell their Vessels at a considerable Loss. 

The General Assembly in their Resolve, having directed their 
Comittee to extend their Enquires as far back as the taking place 
of the Port Bill, it will be proper to take Notice of such Facts, as 
may be ascertained relating to the Difficulties occasioned by this 
cruel & barbarous Act, Viz'. 

The Number of Vessels in the Harbor, when Advice was 
received of said Bill being passed, many of which went to Sea not 
fully loaded, others went to Salem, Plymouth and other Parts 
some in Ballast, & others to compleat their Loading part of which 
was carted from hence. 

The Number & Burthen of Vessels belonging to this Town, 
that entered & cleared at the Port of Salem, the quantity of 
Goods imported in said Vessels, & the Expence of carting them 
from thence. 

The expence of unloading & reloading the Vessels loaded with 



256 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Victuals & Fruit, that were obliged to call at Marblehead, & be 
there examined, & the Expence of Carriers, Masters & Seamen 
travelling to & from the Harbor, where their Vessels were loading 
& unloading. 

There are Charges that have been paid by Owners of Vessels, 
& if the bare Carting the Goods imported & exported, amount to 
so considerable a Sum, as will appear by this Account, the 
Assembly may be convinced that the Inhabitants of this Town 
were very great Sufferers by that Act. By Order of the Coinittee 

THOMAS DAWS Chairman 

The Hand Bill reported is as follows, Viz 4 . 

The Hon b!e . Continental Congress, & the General Asembly of 
this State, having resolved, that a just & well [82.] Authen- 
ticated Account of Hostilities committed by the ministerial Troops 
& Navy in America, since March 1775, be collected with proper 
Evidence of the Truth of the Facts related ; the Number and 
Value of the Buildings destroyed by them, also the Number & 
Value of the Vessels, inward & outward bound, which have been 
seized by them, as near as can be ascertained ; also the Stock 
taken by them from the different Parts of the Continent. 

The Inhabitants of the Town of Boston are hereby notified, that 
Committees are appointed for each Ward, to ascertain the Value 
of the Buildings wholly destroyed, & the Expence of repairing 
such as were partly destroyed ; also to receive from such Persons 
as have been Sufferers a particular Account in Writing, & on Oath, 
of the Losses and Damages they have suffered, either in Merchan- 
dize, Furniture, Plate, Money, or other Personal Estate: And 
those who have been Sufferers by the Army or Navy, are desired to 
get their Accounts, ready for the Comittees, on or before the 10 th . 
of December next, when the Committees will attend this Business, 
& call upon the Inhabitants for said Accounts. And the Inhabi- 
tants are farther informed, that a Schedule is delivered to said 
Comittees, containing the Method in which they are to proceed in 
ascertaining the same : The Heads of each Column being as 
follows 

Column 1'. Names of the Sufferers, & of the Public Buildings de- 
stroyed, or otherwise damaged. 

Col. 2 d . Number & Value of dwelling Houses & other Buildings 
wholly destroyed. 



Col. 3 d . Expence of repairing Dwelling Houses, Wharves & other 
Buildings partly destroyed. 

Col. 4 th . Expence of repairing the Meeting houses, & other 
public Buildings, made Use of as Barracks. 

Col. 5. Damages sustained in Lands on the Neck, Common, and 
where their Works were erected, & the Fences in every part of the 
Town. 

Col. 6. Value of Household Furniture destroyed, damaged, or 
carried away by the Officers & others as appears by attested Ac- 
counts, left with the Committee 

[83.] Col. 7 th . Number & Value of Vessels & Cargoes, seized 
and taken. 

Col. 8 th . Value of Stock, Hay, Grain, Houses, and other Build- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1776. 257 

ings on the Islands & in the Harbours, taken, destroyed or dam- 
aged. 

Col. 9 th . Value of Merchandize & other Effects taken from the 
Inhabitants, as P Account of Particulars. 

Col. 10 th . Value of Salt thrown into the Sea, Liquors stove and 
other Articles destroyed. 

Col: 11 th : Yearly Rent of Dwelling Houses & other Buildings 
occupied by the Officers, or improved as Barracks, some of which 
were contracted for, & others taken by Force, & no Rent paid for 
either. 

Col: 12 th : Yearly Rent of Houses occupied by the Inhabitants 
removed out of Town, many of which still remain empty, as the 
Occupiers are not returned. 

Col: 13 th ; Number & Value of Arms taken from the Inhabitants 
lodged in the State House, & destroyed by General Howe's Order. 

Col: 14 th : Value of Cannon & Stores taken out of the Batteries, 
or destroyed, & the Town's Stock of Powder. 

Col: 15 th : Charges of transporting Furniture & Families into 
the Country & back again to Boston. 

Col: 16 th : Sum total of the Losses & Damages 

The foregoing Report having been read & considered The 
Question was put Whether the same shall be accepted Passed 
in the Affirmative. 

On a Motion made, that a seperate Comittee may be chosen for 
the special Purpose of Estimating the Damages the Town has 
sustained by the Boston Port Bill, so called. 
Voted, that Col: Daws 

M r . Edward Payne 
M r Joseph Barrel 
M r . Ezekiel Price 
M r . Henderson Inches 

[84.] Be, & hereby are appointed a Committee for the Pur- 
pose aforesaid. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Wednesday the 27 th 
of November instant, 10 O'Clock Forenoon, and the Meeting was 
accordingly adjourned. 

Wednesday November 27 th . 1776. 10, O'Clock A.M. Met ac- 
cording to Adjournment. 

The Comittee appointed to examine the State of the Town 
Treasury, & the Treasurer's Accounts, Report That they have 
attended that Service & find the Accounts right cast & well 
vouched. The Treasurer charges himself with sundry Rents, 
Fines & other Incomes of the Town, to the Amount of 7122 ,, ,, 
2 including Ballance of old Accounts ; & discharges himself by 
sundry Abatements made the Collectors, amounting to 795 ,, 
18 ,, 2 by Draughts from the Selectmen of 4421 ,, 17 ,, 
7 of which he has paid only 3910 ,, 14 ,, 5$ by Draughts 
from the Overseers of the Poor 3458 ,, 11 ,, 2 the Charges 
of the Almshouses of which he has paid only 2628 ,, 18 ,, 5 
By Sundry Sums of Interest paid 167 ,, 11 ,, 7 The 
Comittee find the above Sums, including 1211 ,, 8 ,, 10 
(bad Debts ordered by the Town to be cancelled) amount to 



258 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

10055 ,, 7 ,, 5 which leaves a Ballance against the Town 
2933 ,, 7 2. - 

The Committee find the State by the Books in March 1775, but 
they apprehend the true State at the present Day, without taking 
into the Account a Number of nominal Debts of no Value, is 
thus 
Due to sundry Persons, as p. Notes on 

Interest ............ 6208 10 ll 

Interest due to the present day at least - - 800 ,, ,, 
Unpaid on the Selectmen & Overseers draughts ) i qi c 9 AI 

1140 9 6 of which is none on Interest f 
Cash borrowed in Part of the 2000 - - 
Voted in May last 



I 091 
j 



The whole Debts now due 9745 ,, 7 ,, 7| 

[85.] There appears to come to the Credit ") 
the following sundry Debts ou the j 
Books to the Amount of 1489 ,, 19 ,, 9 } 230 
which the Committee suppose will never 
neat the Town above ------- 

Due from Collectors of Taxes - - - Viz'. 

From Abraham Savage - - - - 523 

Edward Hollyday 492 

Benjamin Gray ------ 345 

Benjamin Henderson - - - - 169 



1529 

Deduct due to them for Premiums 400 * . ^a 
The Town will judge what Part of this 
is likelv to be collected & when - - - 
Due from the Estate of John Ruddock) 204 13 
Esq. on Account of Lotteries - - - - j 



1563_,, 13 ,, 8| 
Allowing all the above to be good, which the Comittee by no 
means think the Case, then will be a Ballance against the Town 

of 8181 13 11 

And the Vote for the Support of the Poor - 5000 - 
The current Charges for the present Year ) - 2500 - 

of Schools, Town Watch &c &c will be f 

Total Debt" 15681 13 ,, 11 

By the above it appears, when the Sums already voted, are bor- 
rowed & Provisions made for the present Year, the Town will be 
in Debt to the amazing Sum of 15681 ,, 13 ,, 11 which there 

appears no Fund to discharge 

The Comittee beg leave to suggest to the Town, whether it 
would not be best, in future, that the Money granted for each 
particular Year, should be invariably applied to defray the Ex- 
penses of that Year only, & that it be made a Rule, that the first 

Draughts should be first paid ;--- -- 

[86.] The Comittee are of Opinion, that a Regulation of this 
kind, would be for the Credit of the Town, & encourage the 
Hearts of the Officers of the Town, as every Man then be assured 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1776-77. 259 

of his Money in his Turn, without any needless Attendance, & the 
Punctuality would prevent those useful Servants of the Town, the 
Schoolmasters, from appearing, by their Heirs, as Creditors of the 
Town. 

The Comittee would farther suggest, in Order to prevent a List 
of Abatements of Taxes appearing yearly in the Treasurer's 
Accounts, that the Assessors be directed, immediately after they 
have taken Accounts in March of the Polls & Rateable Estates, & 
have estimated the same in order for an Assessment to serve the 
Inhabitants with an Account of what they are to be rated for, & 
at what the same is valued ; this will give Opportunity for each 
Person, if overvalued, to apply to the Assessors before the Tax 
comes out, & when the Abatements are made in the Valuations, 
& the Tax is compleated, that the Assessors assert in the Tax Bill, 
how much in the Pound is rated ; & the List of all the rateable 
Estates of any Person, be left with the Selectmen, or Town Treas- 
urer, & upon for the Inspection of every one 

All which is humbly submitted 
By Order of the Committee 
JOSEPH BARREL, Chairman 

N.B. Besides the foregoing Charge of 2500 - - - Charges of 
Salary Men for the present Year, it has been usual for the Select- 
men's - - Draughts for other contingent Charges to amount to 
2000 which ought to be added to the present Years Expence, 
as it will be called for & will make the Town's Debt near Eighteen 
Thousand Pounds. 

The foregoing Report was read, & after considerable Debate had 
thereon 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed to collect from the 
several Debtors to the Town, whatever Sums of Money may be 
due from them respectively. 

Voted, that the Representatives of this Town, be, & they here- 
by are instructed, to use their Influence in the Gen 1 . Assembly of 
this State, that a new Valuation be taken. 

[87.] Voted, that the farther Consideration of the Report of 
the Coinittee on the State of the Treasury, be referred to next 
Town Meeting, & all other Matters not acted upon in this 
Meeting 

The Town brought in their Votes for one Overseer of the Poor, 
in the Room of M r . Barrel, who declines accepting that Trust ; 
and upon sorting the Votes, it appeared, that 

M r . Peter Boyer 

was unanimously chosen an Overseer of the Poor for the remainder 
of the Year. 

Voted, that this Meeting be dissolved, and it was accordingly 
dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duely qualified and legally warned, in public 
Town Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall, Thursday, the 6 th . day 
of February, A.D. 1777. 10 O'Clock Forenoon 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting read 



260 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 



The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for a Moderator, and 
upon sorting them it appeared that 

M r . Jonathan Mason 
was chosen Moderator of this Meeting 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz*. ' ' To consider & determine 
upon the most effectual Measures to have the Act of the General 
Court to prevent Monopolies & Oppression, & for regulating the 
Prices of the Necessaries of Life & sundry Goods, strictly com- 
plied with, not only from the Laws & Authority of this State, but 
as absolutely necessary for the effectual Security of the essential 
Rights & Liberties of America" was read & considered where- 
upon a Motion was made That a Comittee of Thirty Six Persons 
be chosen out of the several Wards, of such as are not in Trade, 
to aid & assist the Selectmen, & Comittees of Correspondence, 
Inspection & Safety, by Information, or other legal Ways, in 
carrying into Execution the late Act to prevent Monopolies, 
[88.] &c. agreable to the true Intent & Meaning of said Act 
and the Question being put Passed in the Affirmative. also 
Voted, that M r . Ezekiel Price 

M r . Joseph Russell 

M r . Samuel Barret 

M r . Thomas Walley 

M r . John Ballard 

be a Comittee to consider & report, at 3 O'Clock P.M. for the 
Acceptance of the Town, a Number of suitable Persons for the 

aforesaid Committee. 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock afternoon 

3 o'Clock P M. met according to Adjournment 
The Comittee to report the Names of three Persons in the sev- 
eral Wards, to serve on the foregoing Comittee Reported accord- 
ingly Whereupon, 

Voted, that ( Capt. Thomas Adams 
Wards N. 1. -| John R. Sigoney 
( M r . Samuel Burril 
( Mess". Gyles Harris 

2. -< Elias Parkman 
(^ William Page 

i Mess". Joshua Pico 

3. < Thomas Kimble 
( Thomas Christie 

Mess". Francis Shaw Esq. 

John Prince 
Mess". George B. Gedney 

Thomas Sherburne Jun r . 

Oliver Greenleaff 
( Mess". Joseph Hall 

Will. Frobisher 

Samuel Sloan 
[89.] Wards N. 7. ( Mess". Isaac Peirce 

Joseph Callender 

Ephraim Copeland 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1777. 261 

{Mess". Jeremiah Belknap 
Nathaniel Noyes 
Russel Sturgis 
Mess. William Sutton 
9. J Samuel Bass 

Francis Archibald 
Mess". Thomas Uran 

10. -{ Job Wheelwright 

Benj a . Cudworth Sen r . 
Mess. Obadiah Curtis 

11. -I James Tompson (Distiller) 

William Fallas 
Mess". Capt Benjamin Cobb 

12. -j John Bradford jun r . 
( William Lowder 

be & hereby are appointed a Comittee, to aid & assist the Select- 
men & Comittee of Correspondence &c. by Information, or other 
legal Ways, in carrying into Execution the late Act of this State 
to prevent Monoplies &c. agreable to the true Intent & meaning 

thereof 

On a Motion made, Voted, unanimously, that a Comittee be now 
chosen, to consider & report, at the Adjournment, what they judge 
necessary for the Town to do, in order to obtain a sufficient Sup- 
ply of Provisions of all Kinds, & to promote the salutary Inten- 
sions of the late Act, to prevent Monoplies, &c. 
Voted that Mess". John Ballard 

Thomas Walley 

Edward Green 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 

Nathaniel Appleton 

Joseph Russell 

John Sweetser 

[9O.] Be, & hereby are appointed a Committee for the Purpose 
aforesaid 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Wednesday next, 10 
O'Clock A.M. 

Wednesday February 12 th . 1777, 10 O'Clock Forenoon 

Met according to Adjournment. 

The Comittee " To consider what they judge necessary for the 
Town to do, in Order to obtain a sufficient Supply of Provisions 
of all Kinds, & to promote the salutary Intention of the late Act 
to prevent Monoplies, &c. Reported and said Report having 
been read Voted, that the Paragraph in said Report which re- 
lates to the procuring Flour for the Town, be recommitted 
Voted, that M r . Edward Payne, Deacon Davis & M r . Samuel 
Barret be added to the above Committee. 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P.M. 

3 o'Clock P.M. Town met according to Adjournment 
The Comittee to whom was referred the Paragraph relative to 
Flour, Reported And after the same was read and considered, 
Voted, that the farther Consideration thereof be referred to the 
Adjournment. 



262 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Moved, that a Comittee be appointed, to make Enquiry, & as- 
certain, as near as may be, the Quantity of Flour now in Town & 
what is expected soon by Water ; as also to confer with some Mer- 
chants relative to the Terms on which they will import Provisions 
abroad for the use of the Inhabitants to report at the Adjourn- 
ment And the Question being put Passed in the Affirma- 
tive - 

Voted, that John Ballard 

Thomas Walley 

Edward Green 

Benj a . Kent Esq. 

Nathan 1 . Appleton Esq. 

Joseph Russell 

John Sweetser 

Edward Payne 
[91.] Deacon Davis 

Samuel Barnet Esq. 
be a Committee for the Purpose aforesaid. - 

The Report of the Committee relative to Monoplies, &c. waa 
read & passed, Paragraph by Paragraph, & is as follows, Viz'. 

The Committee appointed on Thursday the 6 th . current, to con- 
sider what they judge necessary for the Town to do, in order to 
obtain a sufficient Supply of Provisions of all Kinds, & to pro- 
mote the salutary Intention of the late Act to prevent Monoplies 
fec. beg leave to report - 

That upon the strictest Enquiry we find, that the present great 
Scarcity of Provisions in the Town, arises principally from a Num- 
ner of Engrossers, who have monoplized great Quantities of Rum, 
Sugar, Molasses, Cotton- Wool, Coffee, Cocoa, &c. & most Kinds 
of Cloathing, & now refuse to sell (as your Comittee are informed) 
at the Prices afflxt by the late Act of the General Court, by which 
means the People from the Country complain that they cannot get 
a necessary Supply of those Articles. - 

We would not be understood to charge all Traders in Town with 
acting so base a Part, as several worthy Inhabitants in Trade are 
selling their Articles agreeable to the Prices stipulated in the late 
Act ; &, we have no Doubt, if others in Trade would follow their 
laudable Example, & the Stores in General were open, & Goods 
sold agreeable to said Prices, we should soon have as full a Sup- 
ply of Provisions from the Country, as is usual at this Season of 
the Year. - 

It is therefore most earnestly recommended to all the Inhabitants 
of this Town, that have any Articles more then they want for their 
Consumption, that they would immediately comply with the Act, 
by selling them agreeable to the Prices fixt therein, as they request 
the Peace of the Town, the Distresses of the poor, fixing our Medium 
to a certain Value, & strengthening the Hands of Government, at 
this Critical & Important Day. 



Your Comittee likewise of Opinion, that it would be 
proper for the Town to encourage a Number of Fishermen in Ad- 
dition to those already in that Business, that the Town may be 
more fully supplied with Fresh Fish 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 177J6. . 263 

We beg leave farther to recommend to the Town, that the Comittee 
of Correspondence be desired to write to the Committees of Corre- 
spondence in the neighbouring Towns, informing them of what 
this Town has done, & desiring them to use their Endeavors, 
to prevent any Misunderstanding by false Reports spread by the 
Tory Party, & to assure them, that the Inhabitants will exert them- 
selves to the utmost, that the People in the Country Towns shall 
be supplied with Articles, agreable to the Prices affixt in the late 
Act of this State for preventing Monopolies, &c. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Fryday next, 3 O'Clock 
P. M. 

Fryday the 14 th of February, 3 O'Clock P. M. Met according to 
Adjournment 

The Comittee appointed " to make Enquiry, and to ascertain as 
near as may be, the Quantity. of Flour now in Town & what is ex- 
pected soon by Water ; as also to confer with some Merchants 
relative to the Terms, on which they will import Flour from abroad, 
for the Use of the Inhabitants" Report, That on the strictest 
Enquiry & fullest Information, they find in the Posession of Col: 
Doane between two & three hundred Barrels of M r . Thomas 
Boylston two hundred & of the several Bakers upwards of an 
hundred, the whole Quantity not exceeding Six Hundred 

That they have the pleasure to be informed, that several Gen- 
tlemen have ordered, & expect the several Quantities hereafter 
mentioned Viz*. 

M'. William Foster 700 bbls 

Cap Hains 600 

M r . Smith - - - 400 

[93.] Capt Prince 600 bbls 

Mess 8 . Pitts & Call 500 

M r . Winthrop 900 making 

in the whole Three Thousand Seven Hundred 

That M r . Powell has assured them, that he will send a Vessel, 
which he has ready, for six hundred bbls, as soon as he can be 
advised of the Withdraw of certain British Ships of War ; now 
infesting the River & Capes of Delaware. That M r . Jepson 
has engaged to send for Six Hundred & Fifty. These, with what 
are now on hand, will amount to five thousand nine hundred Bar- 
rels. 

Your Comittee farther report, that upon freely conversing with 
several Importers of that Article, it is their Opinion that Gen- 
tlemen may be found, who will undertake to import for the Use of 
the Inhabitants, the whole Quantity which may be necessary to 
make up the Deficiency arising from Captures of those expected, 
& the Inadiquacy of the Supply (should even the whole already 
ordered arrive) on being assured of a reasonable Profit on the 
same. 

The foregoing Report having been read & considered and the 
Question being put Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affirmative 

M r . Lindal Pitts attended by Desire of the Inhabitants, and 



264 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

gave the Town Satisfaction, as to the Quantity of Flour by him 

imported & what remained unsold 

M r . Boylston attended, & informed the Town that he did not 
know but he might have near 300 Barrels of Flour at this Market 
Voted, that Mess*. John Ballard 

Thomas Walley 
Edward Green 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
Nathaniel Appleton Esq. 
M r . Joseph Russell 
M r . John Sweetser 
M r . Edward Payne 
[94.] Caleb Davis Esq. 

Samuel Barrett Esq 

be a Comittee to confer with the Importers of Flour relative to the 
Terms, on which they will import a Quantity of that Article, for 

the Use of the Inhabitants, & to report at the Adjournment. 

Adjourned to Monday next the 17 th . of February, 10 O'Clock 

Forenoon. 

The Comittee appointed on the 14 th . Instant, To confer with the 
Importers of Flour, relative to the Terms on which they will 
import a Quantity of that Article for the Use of the Inhabitants 

Reported & after considerable Debate had thereon, A motion 
was made, & the Question accordingly put That said Report be 
withdrawn Passed in the Affirmative. 

On a Motion made Voted, that a Comittee be appointed to 
apply to all those Persons in this Town, who are possessed of 
Flour, West India, or other Goods, enumerated in the Act against 
Monopoly & Oppression, & require of them a direct Answer to 
the following Question Will you take the Price set by thix State? 

And report the Names & Answers of said Persons, that the 
same may be made Public in the News Papers to shew the 
Readiness of the Inhabitants of this Town to comply with said 
Acts Also 

Voted, that the Comittee appointed for the several Wards to 
aid the Selectmen & Comittee of Correspondence, Inspection & 
Safety, by Information or other legal Ways, be a Comittee for the 
Purpose aforesaid. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to 3 O'Clock P.M. 

3 o'Clock P.M. met according to Adjournment 
On a Motion made, Voted, that a Comittee be appointed to 
consider & report what they judge will be the most suitable 
Methods to obtain a Supply of Provisions for the Inhabitants of 
this Town 

Voted, that Mess". Shubael Hewes 

M r . John Ballard 
[95.] CaptDalton 

Henry Williams 
Josiah Torrey 
Joseph Greenleaff Esq. 
M r . Adam Colson 
be a Committee for the Purpose aforesaid. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1776. 265 

On a Motion made, the Question was put, Viz'. Whether the 
Town will encourage such Inhabitants with their Custom, as shall 
set up Butchers Stalls in this Town, for the Supply of the Inhabi- 
tants with Provisions Passed in the Affirmative 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Wednesday next the 
19 th . Instant. 3 o'Clock P.M. 

3 O'Clock, February 19 th . Town met according to Adjournment 

Comittee appointed to make Enquiry of the Merchants & 
Traders in the several Wards "Whether they will take the 
Price set by this State on their Goods " ? Reported, all but the 
Comittee for Ward N. 2 which Reports were accepted by the 
Town 

On a Motion made, Voted, that the Moderator of this Meeting 
be desired to acquaint the Attorney General of this State, That it 
is the Desire of the Town, that he would give Information to the 
Grand Jury now sitting, of all Persons that act in Violation of the 
Law to prevent Monopolies &c as they shall come to his Knowl- 
edge. 

Voted, that M r . Harbottle Dorr be added to the Comittee for 
Ward N. 2. to make Enquiry &c 

Voted, that M r . Jonathan Brown be of the Committee for Ward 
N. 1. in the Room of Capt Thomas Adams, who declines. 

On a Motion made, Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to let 
such Persons occupy Gratis, 'till the farther Order of the Town, 
the Stalls in Faneuil Hall Market, & such only as are not Fore- 
stallers, & will bring in their Provisions, & dispose of them to the 
Inhabitants in larger, or smaller Quantities, [96.] Agreable to 
the true Intent & Meaning of the late Act to prevent Monopoly & 
Oppression. 

Voted, that the Inhabitants of this Town be desired not to go 
beyond the Hay Market to purchase Fuel, or Provisions, as they 
would regard the Interest of the Town in general, & avoid the 
Displeasure of their Fellow Citizens 

The Comittee appointed to consider & report what they shall 
judge to be the most suitable Methods to obtain a Supply of Pro- 
visions for the Inhabitants of this Town Reported and had 
to withdraw this Report 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby are given to 
M r . Jonathan Mason, the Moderator of this Meeting for his good 
Services. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duely qualified & legally warned, in public Town 
Meeting assembled, at the Old Brick Meeting House, December 
4 th . 1776 

Warrant for calling the Meeting -------- read- 

Upon a Motion made, Voted, to come to the Choice of a Mode- 
rator by a Hand Vote. 



266 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

M r . Jonathan Mason chosen Moderator of this Meeting not be- 
ing able to attend. 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 
was chosen Moderator of the Meeting. 



Samuel Barret Esq. 
was chosen, unanimously, an Overseer of the Poor, in the Room 

of M r . Peter Boyer, who declined serving. 

The Article in the Warrent, Viz'. " To consider & determine, 
Whether a Petition shall be presented to the Great & General 
Court of this State, praying that this Town may be [97.] En- 
abled to raise immediately, what shall be judged & determined by 
the Hon ble . Court, to be their full Quota, or Proportion of the Num- 
ber of Men, this State is to raise, for the Continental Army, act 
cordingly to a Resolve of the Hon ble . the Continental Congress, 
instead of draughting a Part of their Militia, as ordered by a late 
Act " was read & Considered Whereupon 
Voted, that Benjamin Kent Esq. 

Samuel Barret Esq. 

Thomas Daws Esq. 

M r . Joseph Barret 

M r . Ellis Gray 

M r . Ebenezer Dorr 

M r . Ezekiel Price 
be a Comittee to draught a Petition to the General Court, for the 

Purpose aforesaid to be reported at the Adjournment. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to To-morrow 10 o'Clock 
A.M. to meet at Faneuil Hall. 

Thursday the 5 th . day of December 1776, 10 o'Clock A.M. met 

at Faneuil Hall according to Adjournment. 

The Comittee appointed to draught a Petition to the General 
Court Reported the following Draught, Viz 4 , 
State of Massachusetts' Bay, 

To the Hon ble . the Coun- 
cil & House House of 
Representatives of said 
State, in General Court 

assembled. 

The Petition of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, 
Humbly sheweth, 

That by a late Act of this State, one fourth Part of all the able 
Bodied Men of the Militia is to be raised by Inlistmen, Lot, or 
Draught, & to remain in the Service three Months only, from the 

Time of their Mustering. 

That your Petitioners always have been, & even now, [98.] 
Altho' so peculiarly reduced by the present War, are ready to con- 
tribute their fall Proportion of Aid & Assistance in every respect, 
especially for the carrying on & supporting the present Contest. 

But your Petitioners beg leave to represent to your Honors, that 
they have good Reason to apprehend, they could raise such a Num- 
ber of Men, to serve for three Years, or during the War, as would 
be their full Quota or Proportion of the whole Number assigned 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1776-77. 267 

for this State by the Hon ble . Continental Congress ; & that they 
can effect the same, near, or quite as soon, as the time in which 
they will be able to procure the Men, who are to serve only for 
three Months 

Your Petitioners are led to this Step, not only from the Appre- 
hension they have of being able to effect the same, but in Order j 
to save very large Sums, that must Necessarily be expended to 
raise Men for three Months only, a Term scarcely sufficient to ar- 
rive even at the Seat of War ; & certainly too Short, to acquire 
any Military Knowledge, though long enough to suffer many of \ 
the ill-Conveniencies of the Campaign ; to nothing of the Advan- 
tages the Soldier has, who has seen Service, over the new Recruits 
That he is seasoned to the Difficulties, & gets a Relish for that 
Way of Life, & is not exposed to the Disorders of a Camp, 
whereas frequent Draughts, tho' for a short time, take our Men 
from their necessary Occupation, & give them a Habit of Idleness, 
which cannot fail of being very prejudicial to the State at large, 
& must be extremely distressing to all, & ruinous to many of their 
Families, whose Heads are called from them by Lot, or taken by 
the more disagreable Alternative of Draught. 

Your Petitioners therefore pray your Honors to give Orders, 
that this Town may raise its just Quota of the Levies assigned, in 
the Way they now propose : But in Case they cannot procure the 
whole in this way, the aforesaid Act may stand in force, as to 
any Deficiency, until the whole is compleated 

And your Petitioners as in Duty bound &c 

[99.] The foregoing Petition having been read and con- 
sidered 

Voted, that the same be accepted, & that a fair Draughts of 
the Petition be taken ; & that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be 
desired to sign & present the same to the General Court in behalf 
of this Town. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Monday next, 
10 o'Clock Forenoon, at the Old Brick Meeting House. 

Met according to Adjournment, Monday the 9 th . day of 

December, 10 o'Clock Forenoon, Old Brick Meeting House. 

Benjamin Kent Esq r . in the Chair 

After considerable Time spent in Debates, on a Motion 
made 

Voted, that this Meeting be dissolved and it was accordingly 
dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned, in public 
Town Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Wednesday the 5 th . 
day of March Anno Domini 1777. 



Warrant for Calling the Meeting read 



Jonathan Williams Esq. was chosen Moderator of this Meet- 
ing 

The Comittee appointed by the Town, the 5 th . of March last, to 



268 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

apply to a proper Gentleman to deliver an Oration, the 5 th . of 
March Instant, to perpetuate the Memory of the horrid Massacre 
perpetrated on the Evening of the fifth of March 1770, by a Party 
of Soldiers under the Command of Capt Thomas Preston of the 
29 th . Regiment Reported 

[1OO.] " That having met together several Times for the 
Purpose mentioned in the Town Vote, they had unanimously made 
Choice of Benjamin Hitchburne Esq. to deliver an Oration the fifth 
of March Instant, who had accordingly accepted of that Service." 

The above Report having been made by the Chairman of the 
Comittee, the Question was put Whether the same shall be 
accepted? Passed in the Affirmative. 

Upon a Motion made, the Town took into Consideration, what 
would be the best Time to have the Oration pronounced, as also 
what Place would be most suitable for the Purpose Whereupon 

Voted, that the Oration be delivered at 12 o'Clock at the Old 
Brick Meeting House, the Hall not being capacious enough to 
receive the Inhabitants, that attended upon the Occasion, the 
Comittee of that Society, having, upon Application, consented that 

the Meeting House should be made use of for this Purpose. 

Voted, that John Brown Esq. 

Nathaniel Barber Esq. 
John Pitts Esq. 

be a Committee to wait upon Benjamin Hitchburne Esq. & 
acquaint him, that it is the Desire of the Town, that the Oration 
may be delivered at the Old Brick Meeting House, 12 o'Clock 
Forenoon 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to the Old Brick Meet- 
ing House, 12 O'Clock Forenoon 



The Town met accordingly to Adjournment at the Old Brick 
Meeting House, Twelve O'Clock. 

The Committee appointed to wait upon Benjamin Hitchburne 
Esq. to acquaint him with the Vote of the Town, respecting the 
Tune & Place for the Delivery of an Oration Reported [1O1.] 
' ' That said Gentleman was ready to comply with the Orders of 
the Town." 

An Oration to commemorate the horrid Massacre of the Fifth of 
March 1 770, & to impress upon the Minds of the Citizens the ruinous 
Tendency of standing Armies being placed in free & populous Cities 
&c. was deliver'd by Benjamin Hitchburne Esq, to a large & 

crowded Audience, and received by them with great Applause. 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, 

Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be, & hereby 
are given to Benjamin Hitchburne Esq. for the spirited Oration, 
delivered by him, at their Request in Commemoration of the hor- 
rid Massacre perpetrated on the Evening of the 5 th . of March 1770, 
by a Party of Soldiers of the 29 th . Regiment, under the Command 
of Capt Thomas Preston Also, 

Voted, that Jonathan Williams Esq 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1777. 2fi9 

M r . Ellis Gray 

John Brown Esq 

Hon blc . Thomas Cashing Esq 

Col: Henry Jackson 

M r . Hermon Brimmer 

j\l r . William Cooper 

be a Committee to wait upon Benjamin Hitchburne Esqr, & in 
the Name of the Town to request of him a Copy of the said Ora- 
tion for the Press. 

On a Motion made & seconded, 

Voted that Jonathan AVilliams Esq. 

M r . Ellis Gray 

John Brown Esq 

Hon ble . Tho s . Cushing Esq. 

Col: Henry Jackson 

M r . Hermon Brimmer 

M r . William Cooper 

[1O2.] Benjamin Hitchburne Esq. 

be, & hereby are appointed a Committee to apply to a proper 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the 5 th . of March next, to 
perpetuate the Memory of the horrid Massacre, perpetrated on the 
Evening of the 5 th . of March 1770, by a Party of Soldiers of the 
29 th . Regiment, under the Command of Capt Thomas Preston : 
And to impress upon our Minds the ruinous Tendency of standing 
Armies being placed in free & populous Cities in a Time of 
Peace ; & the Necessity of such noble Exertions in all future 
Times, as the Inhabitants of the Town then made, whereby the 
Designs of the Conspirators against the public Peace may be still 

frustrated. 

A Collection was made at this Meeting for M r . Christopher 
Monk, a young Man now languishing under a Wound by a Shot 
received in his Lungs by a Shot from Preston's bloody Party of 
Soldiers on the 5 th . of March 1770 This Collection amounted to 
Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be, & hereby are given to 
Jonathan Williams Esq, Moderator of this Meeting for his good 
Services. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duely qualified & legally warned in public Town 
Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall the 10 th day of March, Anno 
Domini 1777, 9 o'Clock Forenoon. 



Prayer was made by the Reverend D r . Eliot. 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting read. 

Sundry Laws enjoined to be read at this Meeting were accord- 
ingly read 

The Hon ble Thomas Cushing Esq was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting by a majority of Votes, & took his Seat accordingly 

M r . William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensu- 
ing by a Majority of Votes, & took his Place accordingly. 



270 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

[1O3.] The Town proceeded to the Choice of nine Selectmen 
& the Votes being brought in & sorted, it appeared, that 

John Scollay Esq. 

M r . Samuel Austin 

Oliver Wendell Esq. 

John Pitts Esq. 

John Brown Esq. - - excused 

M r . Ellis Gray - - - excused 

Capt Gustavus Fellows 

M r . Harbottle Dorr 

James Bowdoin jun r - excused 
were chosen Selectmen for the Year ensuing 
Adjourned to 3 o'Clock P.M. 

3 o'Clock P.M. Met according to Adjournment 

The Inhabitants bro't in their Votes for a Selectman in the 
Room of M r . Bowdoin, who declined serving, & upon sorting the 
Votes it appeared that Nathaniel Appleton Esq was chosen Upon 
his also declining to serve the Town bro't in their Votes for one in 
the Room of M r . Appleton, & upon sorting them it appeared that 

M r . Thomas Greenough 

was chosen a Selectmen for the Year ensuing. 

The Town bro't in their Votes for twelve Overseers of the Poor, 
& upon sorting them it appeared that 

The hon ble . William Phillips Esq. 

Isaac Smith Esq. 

M r . Jonathan Mason 

Capt Sam 1 . Partridge 

M r . Sam 1 . Whitwell 

M r . John White 

Edward Procter Esq. 

Will" 1 . Powell Esq. 

M r . John Sweetser jun r . 

M r . Edward Payne 
1O4.] Samuel Barret Esq. 

M r . Samuel Hewes 

were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

The Inhabitants bro't in their Votes for a CoTnittee of Corre- 
spondence Inspection & Safety, & upon sorting them it appeared, 
that 

Col. Nathaniel Barber 

M r . John Winthrop 

William Makay 

Edward Procter Esq. 

Benj a . Hitchburne Esq. 

Perez Morton Esq. 

Capt John Simkins 

M r . Moses Grant 

Francis Shaw Esq. 

M r . Ebenezer Dorr 

M r . Benj a . Burt 

D r . Peter Roberts 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1777. 271 

M r . Henry Bass 

M r . Will m . Davis 

Capt Amasa Davis 

M r . Hermon Brimmer 
were chosen a Comittee of Correspondence Inspection & Safety 

for the Year ensuing. 

The Town bro't in their Votes for Sixteen Fire Wards, & upon 
Sorting them it appeared that 

John Scollay Esq. 

Newman Greenough Esq. 

M r . William Cooper 

Edward Procter Esq. 

Caleb Davis Esq. 

Major Andrew Symms 

Capt. Joseph Webb 
[1O5.] M r . John Winthrop 

Francis Shaw Esq. 

Thomas Crafts Esq. 

Ebenezer Hancock Esq. 

Paul Reviere Esq. 

M r . Thomas Tileston 

Capt John Pulling 

Capt Gustavus Fellows 

Capt John Ballard 

were chosen Fire Wards for the Year ensuing. 

Adjourned to the next Day 10 o'Clock forenoon 

Tuesday 10 'Clock forenoon met according to Adjournment. 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, the Question was put Wheth- 
er Collectors of Taxes shall be chose seperate from Constables 
Passed in the Affirmative 

Voted, that the Sum of Five Pounds be remitted out of the 
Ten Pounds, Fine, to those persons who shall be chose into the 

Office of Constable for the Year ensuing. 

Votes for twelve Constables bro't in, the persons chosen into the 
Office are 

Mess 8 . John Wells 

Tho 8 . Stevinson 

Joseph Helyer ------- excused 

George Thomas 

Thomas Bradford - - - - - - excused 

Joseph Foye 
John Russel 
Sam 1 . Greenleaff 
Benjamin Clark 
John Coverly 
John Bennet 
Matthew Wakefield 
John Bartlet 
[1O6.] Mess'. William Crafts 

John Lambert jun r . 
Nathaniel Wales 



272 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Stephen Wales 

Nathan Hancock 

were coose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 

Mess 9 . Clement Collins 

Abraham Howard 

Andrew Symms 

Joseph Buttler 

Benj a . Page 

Joseph Ford 

John Rogers 

Thomas Uran 

Edward Ranger 

John Bulfinch jun . 

Joseph Ballard 

James Blake 

John Lambert jun r . 

Nathan Hancock 

Ebenezer Flood 

John Champney 
were chose Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing 

M r . Henry Blaisdel 
was chosen a Surveyor of Boards for the Year ensuing. 

Benjamin Austin Esq. 

was chosen a Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensuing. 
Mess 8 . Samuel Bangs 

Jacob Holland 

Benjamin Bass 

Nathan Green 
were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 

[1O7.] M r . Adam Colson 

was chosen an Informer of Deer for the Year ensuing. 
Mess 8 . John Owen 

Peter Cotta 

Manaasseh Masters 

Benj a . Bernard 

Edward Cowell 

Israel Cook 

Richard Flood 

Samuel Prichard 

Benjamin Sault 

Jacob Williams 

Joshua Pico 

were chosen Cullers of Staves & Hoops for the year ensuing 
Mess'. John Wears 

Elijah Searl 

Will" 1 . M c Fadden 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing 

M r . George Hamlin 

was chosen a Hayward for the year ensuing. 

Mess 9 . Jonathan Farnum Ward N. I 

William Williams 2 

John Harris 3 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1777. 273 

Joseph Butler 4 

Jonathan Stoddard 5 

John Rogers 6 

Edward Lad Saunders 7 

Thomas Bradford 8 

Thomas Russel 9 

Samuel Selben 10 

Philip Freeman jun r . 11 

Nathaniel Gobbet 12 

were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing 

[1O8.] The Selectmen 

were chose Surveyors of the High Ways for the Year ensuing 
Mess 8 . John White 
John Lucas 

were chose Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing 

Jonathan Williams Esq. 
M r . John Sweetser 
M r . Timothy Newell 

were chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing ; & they are 
desired & impowered to give all needful Direction to the Keeper 
of the Granary respecting the Quantity of Grain to be sold, & 
affixing the Price thereof from time to time, as occasion shall re- 
quire ; & the said Committee are desired & directed to cause all 
the Grain belonging to the Town to be ground at the new Mills, 

near the Mill Bridge, lately occupied by M r . Leonard. - 

Mess 9 . Thomas Green 
John Skinner 

were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing. 

Voted, that M r . Ebenezer Storer 
M r . Ezekiel Price 
Nathan 1 . Appleton Esq. 
Col. Thomas Daws 
M r . Tuttle Hubbard 

be & they hereby are appointed a Comittee to audit the Accounts 
of M r . Treasurer Jeffries, & also the Accounts of the Overseers of 
the Poor, and the said Committee are impowered, when they shall 
audit said Accounts, to allow such of the Overseers as shall ad- 
vance Money for the Relief of the Poor, Interest on all such Sums 
as shall be so advanced, until they shall have audited said Ac- 
counts ; & they are also desired to report f rom time to time, a 
State of the Treasury respecting the Debts & Credits, & on any 

other Matters that they may think proper. 

[1O9.] The Town bro't in their Votes for Two Selectmen in 
the room of M r . Brown & M r . Gray, who declined serving, and upon 
Sorting the Votes it appeared that 

Jonathan Williams Esq. 
Cajot John Preston 

were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing. 

Votes for a County Treasurer, brO't in, & being sealed up in 
Town Meeting, were delivered to M r . Constable Bennet, to be by 
him returned to the Court of General Sessions at their next Meet- 
ing. 



274 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

On a Motion made, Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be, & 
hereby are given to M r . Benjamin Dolbear for his faithful Services, 

as an Overseer of the poor, for many 3 - ears past. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven Assesors, & 
upon sorting them it appeared that 

Deacon Benjamin Church 

M r . Jonathan Brown 

Capt Samuel Downe 

Gyles Harris Esq. 

M r . William Lowder 

M r . George B. Gidney 

M r . Thomas Foster 

were chosen Assessors for the Year ensuing 

On a Motion made Voted, that the Assessors be, and hereby are 
directed, to prepare a List of the Names of such persons as have 
left the Town, with the Amount of the Taxes they have usually 
paid. 



Adjourned to Fryday next 3 'Clock P.M. 



Fryday the 14 th . of March 3 o'Clock P.M. Town met according 

to Adjournment. 

Mess 8 . Nathaniel Greenough 

Edward Gray 

Lindal Pitts 
[HO.] Joseph Sherburne jun r . 

Elias Park man 

Andrew Brimmer 

Henry Prentice 

James Foster Condy 

William Sherburne 

William Mollineux 

Nicolas Bowes 

Capt Isaac Cazneau 
were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 

Voted, that the Assessors be, & hereby are impowered & 
directed to sit for Abatement of such Taxes, as they shall judge 
reasonable, on every Wednesday until the last Wednesday in 
April inclusive, & no longer, saving that they be allowed to sit 
the two last Weeks in November, for the Abatement of the Taxes 
of such persons as had not an Opportunity of applying in the 
above limited time, by reason of their being out of the Province ; 
at which time they are also allowed & impowered to abate the 
Taxes of such persons as may have died insolvent between the 

said last Wednesday in April & the last Day of November. 

Mess 8 . Thomas Crafts 

Joshua Bentley 

Joseph Martin 

William Fallass 
were chose Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing, but declined 

accepting & were accordingly excused by the Town. 

Voted, that the Consideration of Schoolmasters Salaries & all 
other Salaries & Grants be referred over to next May Meet- 
ing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1777. 275 

The Article in the Warrant, viz*. " To consider whether any 
thing farther can be done by the Town, to promote the salutary 
Intentions of the late Act, To prevent Monopoly & Oppression," 

was read & considered Whereupon 

[111.] Voted that M r . Ezekiel Price 

Samuel Barrett Esq 
Thomas 'Daws Esq 
M r . Joseph Barrel 
M r . William Bant 
M r . Martin Brimmer 
be a Comittee to consider said Article, and report to the Town 

at the Adjournment. 

The Clause in the Warrant, viz'. " To consider what Steps are 
necessary to prevent the Inconveniences & Danger that may hap- 
pen from persons resorting to, or residing in the Town, who are 
justly suspected of being innimical to the American States " 
was read & Considered whereupon 

Voted, that Benjamin Kent Esq. 
M r . William Davis 
M r . William Gooch 
Col Edward Procter 
M r . William Bant 
Capt John Ballard 
Francis Shaw Esq. 

be a Committee to consider the same, & report at the Adjourn- 
ment 

Capt Edward Carnes 
was chosen Surveyor of Hemp, in the Room of M r . Austin, who 

has resigned. 

The Town bro't in their Votes for twelve Wardens & upon sort- 
ing them it appeared, that 

C. John Simpkins 
M r . John Lowell 
M r . Samuel Sloan 
Capt Samuel Ridgway 
M r . Stephen Hall 
Capt Samuel Payne 
M r . Adam Colson 

[112.] M r . Thomas Baley 

M r . Moses Grant 
M r . Thomas Fleet 
M r . Henry Bass 
M r . Nathaniel Barber 

were chosen Wardens for the Year ensuing. 

Adjourned to next Wednesday Fortnight 3 'Clock P. M. 

3 'Clock P. M. met according to Adjournment 

On a motion made, the Question was put, viz*. " Whether the 
Town will reconsider their Vote for referring the Grant of Moneys 
to May next? " Passed in the Affirmative. 

Voted, that the Sum of Eight thousand five Hundred Pounds be 
raised by a Tax upon Polls & Estates within this Town for the 



276 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Relief of the Poor, & defraying other necessary Charges arising 
within the Town the ensuing Year. 

Voted, that the Sum of one Shilling & six Pence on the Pound 
be, & hereby is allowed to such persons as shall be chose Collect- 
ors of Taxes for the Year ensuing, for all such Sums as the}' shall 
collect, provided they pay the same into the several Treasuries 
within four Months Twelve pence on the pound on all such other 
Sums, as they shall have paid into said Treasuries, within Eight 
Months ; & Six Pence on the Pound on the Remainder of the 
Sums they shall be obliged to collect, provided such Remainder 
shall be fully paid in, on or before the second Monday in March 
1778 This Premium as above expressed, appears to be just & 
equitable, & an ample Allowance to the Collectors to encourage 
them to discharge their Duty with Diligence & Fidelity ; provided 
also that each of said Collectors give Bond with sufficient Sureties 
to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faithful Discharge of 
their Duty in said Office, & complying with this Vote. 

The Coimttee appointed " To consider whether any thing further 
can be done by the Town to promote the salutary Intentions of 
the [11 3.] Late Act to prevent Monopoly & Oppression " 
gave in the following Report, which was accepted, Nem: Cont: 
Viz'. 

Whereas there are now in this Town f. Number of Persons some 
of whom have removed from the Country hither, others whose 
Principles are known to be unfriendly to our present Contest with 
Britons, & some, who would sacrifice the public Interest to satisfy 
their Lust & Appetites, are daily using every Means in their 
Power, not only to frustrate the goou Intention of the Act of this 
State to prevent Monoply & Oppression, but to lessen & depreciate 
the Value of the Money established by the Continental Congress, 
& the several United States in America that such public Ene- 
mies may be known, & to avoid as much as may be the fatal Conse- 
quences of the wicked Designs of those Persons It is Resolved 
that the Committee of Correspondence Inspection & Safety, be, & 
hereby are desired, to use their utmost Endeavors to obtain the 
Names of those Persons, who shall hereafter be so daring, as to be 
guilty of the Breach of said Act, & represent them in the Public 
News Papers, as dangerous Enemies to the United States of 
America, by endeavoring not only to lessen, but destroy the 
Medium of Trade, and thereby unavoidably reduce the People of 
this State if not the united States to the utmost Misery & Dis- 
tress. 

The Couiittee appointed to consider what Steps are necessary 
to prevent the Inconveniency & Danger that may happen from 
Persons resorting to, or residing in the Town of Boston, who are 
justly suspected of being Inimical to the United States," Report, 
as our unanimous Opinion, That a Committee of Twelve suitable 
persons one in each Ward, be chosen to take the Names of all 
Persons, who have come to reside in Town, since the 19 th . of 
April 1775 said Committee are also to take the Names of all 
Refugees & other disaffected Persons & to take the Names of the 
Towns & States, from whence such persons come, who are justly 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1777. 277 

suspected of being inimical to the States of America ; & make 
Report from time to time [114.] To the Committee of Corre- 
spondence, Inspection & Safety, to be used by them, as Occasion 
may require ; also, that said Committee be directed, in a Body, 

or by the Major part of them, to visit said Wards. 

Benjamin Kent, Chairman p. Order 

The foregoing Report having been read & considered, it was 

Voted, that the same be accepted and that 

Mess 8 . Joshua Bentley . . . for Ward N. 1 

John Lambert 2 

Benjamin White 3 

Alexander Edwards 4 

Capt Jonathan Stoddard 5 

Benjamin Sumuer 6 

John Rogers 7 

Benjamin Edes 8 

Nicolas Bowes 9 

Adam Colson 10 

William Fallass 11 

William Gooch 12 

be a Committee for the Purpose aforesaid 

On a Motion, Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to apply to 
the Committee of Sequestration for the Fire Buckets in the Prov- 
ince House, they to be accountable for the same, & to dispose of 

them as they may judge for the Safety of the Town. 

The Town brought in their Votes for four Collectors, & upon 
sorting them it appeared, that 

M r . Benjamin Cudworth 

M r . Josiah Torry 

M r . Oliver Greenleaff - excused 

M r . Benjamin Sumner 

were choee Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to M r . Gushing 

the Moderator. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[115.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, duely qualified & legally warned, in public 
Town Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall, Saturdaj", the 3 d . Day 
of May 1777 



Warrant for calling the Meeting read 



The hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. was chosen Moderator, but 
not attending, 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 

was chosen Moderator of this Meeting by a Hand Vote 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. " To take the Mind of the 
Town with respect to the best Method of Preparation & Defence 
at this important Crisis " and after some Debate 
Voted, that M r . Henderson Inches 
Col: Scars 



278 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Col: Thomas Daws 

M r . Read 

Col: Thomas Crafts 

M r . Ellis Gray 

Col: Sergeant 

Robert Pierpoint Esq 

Col: Jabez Hatch 

be a Committee to take this Article of the Warrant under Con- 
sideration & report at the Adjournment 

Adjourned to 4 o'Clock P.M. 

4 o'Clock P.M. met according to Adjournment 

Capt John Marston, Chairman of the Coinittee to purchase 
Muskets with the Money allowed by the Province, for broken 
Guns left by the Enemy, being called upon for the purpose Re- 
ported verbally That he had purchased a Number of small 
Arms & disposed of them to the Inhabitants, agreable to the 
Vote of the Town. 

The Comittee of the Town appointed to consider the best 
Method of Preparation & Defence, at this important Crisis beg 
leave [116.] To report, That it is the Opinion of the Town, that 
the Harbour be block'd up by the sinking of the Hulks (& of 
Cheavaux de Frize if necessary) so far as to prevent the Entrance 
of the Enemy's Ships 

That a Petition be preferred to the General Court, that they 
would give leave to the Board of War to furnish the Militia of 
this Town, with the necessary Arms & Accoutrements, they being 
accountable for them 

That the General Court be requested to suspend the Draught 
ordered for Providence, & in lieu thereof accept a Number of 
Volunteers to do Duty in this Town & Harbor, under Col: Crafts, 
at the present Emergency & that they immediately take some 
effectual Measures to secure us from our internal Enemies, which 
we apprehend cannot be accomplished but by a total Seperation 

The Committee also beg leave to recommend to the Town that 
they give the Committee of Fortifying all the Assistance in their 
Power, for compleating the Works on Noddles Island 

HENDERSON INCHES, P Order 

The above Report having been read & accepted, Voted, that 
the Committee who made the above Report, be desired to draft a 
Petition, & present the same to the General Court, first laying the 
same before the Town for their Approbation. 

Adjourned to Monday 5 th Instant, 9 'Clock A.M. 

Monday 9 'Clock forenoon, met according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to draught a Petition to the General 
Assembly, Reported as follows, 
May it please your Honoi'S, 

The Inhabitants of the Town of Boston deeply affected with the 
Necessity & Importance of their being prepared against any In- 
vasion from our cruel & inveterate Foes, deprived of their Arms 
by the perfidious Conduct of General Gage, & disappointed in 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1777. 279 

their many Exertions to replace them, earnestly pray your Honors, 
that you would give leave to the Board of War to furnish them 
with the [117.] Necessary Arms & Accoutrements for their 

Militia, the Town being answerable for the same 

And your Petitioners further pray, that your Honors would re- 
mit the last Draught ordered to be made upon them, for Provi- 
dence, & in Lieu thereof accept a Number of Voluntiers, to do 

Duty in the Town & Harbour under Col: Crafts. 

Alarmed at the Danger to which they are continually exposed, 
by the Residence of Prisoners & other disaffected Persons among 
us a danger which in an Invasion, might be attended with 
fatal Consequences Your Petitioners pray your Honors, that 
immediate Orders be given for the Reception & necessary Con- 
finement of Prisoners of every Rank & that effectual Measures 
be taken to secure us from our internal Enemies, which we ap- 
prehend cannot be accomplished, but by a total & instant Sepera- 

tion. 

They therefore pray that whenever it shall appear to such Per- 
sons as the Hon ble Court shall please to appoint, that the Resi- 
dence of any Person or Persons in this Town, is inconsistent with 
the public peace & safety, that they be appointed & impowered to 
remove immediately such Persons & their Families, to any place 
of the United States, and making their Return, without leave first 

obtained of the General Court, Treason against the State. 

The foregoing Petition having been read & considered, Voted, 
that a fair Draught be taken of the same, and presented imme- 
diately to the General Court by One of our Representatives signed 
by the Town Clerk, in behalf & by Order of this Town 
Voted, that Col: Isaac Sears 

Capt Fortesque Vernon 

Capt Sam 1 . Dashwood 

Capt Gustavus Fellows 

Capt Job Prince 

Capt Isaac Phillips 

Capt Silas Atkins 

[118.] Be a Committee to advise & assist the Committee ap- 
pointed by the General Assembly for sinking Hulks in the Har- 
bour. 

Adjourned to Wednesday next 10 'Clock forenoon. 

May 7 th Wednesday 10 'Clock forenoon met according to 
Ajournment. 

The Resolve of the General Court relative to several Matters 
contain'd in the Town's Petition laid before the Town also 
a Resolve of the General Court respecting a form of new Gov- 
ernment. 

Voted, that the Selectment be requested to apply to the Field 
Officers of the Boston Regiment, for a Return of the Names of 
such persons belonging to said Regiment, as are not furnished 
with Arms, & are not able to purchase them ; & the Selectmen 
are hereby impowered to receive said Arms &c agreable to the 
Resolve of the General Court for that Purpose, & that they de- 



280 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

liver the Arms to the Captains of the several Companies, & 
by them delivered to said persons, they to be accountable for 
the same. 

OLI a Motion made, Voted, that the forgoing Vote be recon- 
sidered, & that the Selectmen be directed & improved to applv 
to the Board of War, for the 750 Arms to be by them disposed of, 
agreable to the Resolve of the General Court. 

Voted, that the Selectmen be, & hereby are directed & im- 
powered, to borrow on Interest a sum of Money, sufficient to 
purchase therewith Ammunition for the Town Stock, & the 
Supply of the Inhabitants according to the Law : And the Town 
Treasurer is hereby directed & impowered to give his Notes for 
the same ; & that the Selectmen have a sufficient Number of 
Cartriges made up for immediate use. 

Moved & Voted, that the Comittee of Correspondence Inspec- 
tion & Safety, immediately wait upon the Council of this State, & 
inform them, that, as the several Forts in this Town, & [119.] 
Harbor are now destitute of Soldiers, & the Town apprehend 
immediate Danger therefrom, that the Council would therefore be 
pleased to take such Order thereon, as ma3 r be ncccessary for the 
present Securit}' of said Forts. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to Benjamin 
Kent Esq. Moderator for his good Services. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitant of the 
Town of Boston duely qualified & legally warned, in public Town 
Meeting assembled, at Faneuil Hall, Saturday the 17 th . day of 
May Anno Domini 1777. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting, read. 

Hon ble . Thomab Gushing Esq. chosen Moderator of this Meeting 
by a Hand Vote, having excused himself from Serving. 

M r . Jonathan Mason was chosen Moderator of this Meeting, & 
took his Seat accordingly. 

Warrant for calling this Meeting again read ; also the Act rel- 
ative to inimical Persons in tin's Town. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To chuse by Ballot some 
Person firmly attached to the American Cause, to procure Evidence 
that may be had of the inimical Dispositions, towards this, or any 
of the United States, of any Inhabitants of this Town, who shall 
be charged by the Freeholders of being a Person whose Residence 
in this State is dangerous to the public peace or Safety" was 
read, & after long Debate a motion was made, that the Sense 
of the Town be taken, whether they will now come to the Choice 
of such a Person the Motion being withdrawn, [12O.] The In- 
habitants were directed to bring in their Votes for a Person to 
procure Evidences &c agreable to a late Act of the Court. The 
Votes being bro't in & sorted, it appeared, that 

William Tudor Esq. 
was chosen for the purpose aforesaid. 

Adjourned to 3 o'Clock P. M. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1777. 281 

3 O'Clock P. M. met according to Adjournment. 
On a Motion made, Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to re- 
tire, & make a List of such Persons as they shall know, or believe 
to be inimical to the united States, and lay the same before the 

Town. 

Voted, that M r . Justice Greenleaff be desired to lay before the 
Town the Books, which contain the Names of the Associations &c. 

-y which were accordingly laid before the Town. 

"The Selectmen laid before the Town a List of persons they 

judged to l>e inimical to the united States. 

Voted that M r . John Winthrop jun r . 

Thorn :is Crafts Esq. 

Col: Reveire 

Deacon Caleb Davis 

Col: Isaac Sears 

be a Coinitte to wait upon One of the Hon bTe . Council of this State 
& desire that the Persons voted by the Town to be inimical per- 
sons to these States, be immediately apprehended & confined 

Adjourned to Monday Morning 10 o'Clock 

Monday Morning 10 'Clock met according to Adjournment 

The Committee chosen on the Saturday, reported, That they had 
applied, agreable to the Order of the Town, unto One of the 
Hon ble . Board, that the Persons Voted to be inimical to these 
States, might be apprehended & confined But that they had 
received for [121.] Answer, that this could not be done by him 

without Advice of Council. 

The following List of such Persons belonging to this Town, as 
have been endeavouring since the 19 th . of April 1775, to counter- 
act the united Struggles of this & the neighboring States, in the 
Opinion of a Majority of this Meeting is the List which the Town 
Clerk is to deliver to two or more Justices of the Peace for this 
County Quorum Unus agreable to a late Act of the General 
Assembly Viz'. 

Ebenezer Norwood 

Mather Byles D. D. 

Benjamin Phillips 

D r . James Lloyd 

Daniel Hubbard 

D r . Isaac Rand jun r . 

John Tufts 

Edward Wentworth 

Willinm Perry 

D r . Samuel Danforth 

George Lush 

Edward Hutchinson 

Thomas Edwards 

Hopestill Capen 

Patrick Wair 

Benjamin Davis 

Benj a . Davis jim r . 

David Parker 

James Perkins 



282 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Nathaniel Gary 
Richard Green 
William Jackson 
Samuel Broadstreet 
[122.] Thomas Amory 

Charles White worth 
D r . Thomas Kast 
John Erving Esq. 
George Bethune 
D r . Miles Whitworth 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz'. " To consider and determine 
what Number of Persons shall be chose (at a Meeting soon to be 
called) to represent the Town, in the next General Assembly, was 
read and after some Debate, it was moved that the Number of 
Seven be chose Aud the Question being put Passed in the 

Affirmative. 

On a Motion, Voted, that what Matters remain unfinished be 

referred to the next Town Meeting 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to M r . Jonathan 

Mason, for his Services, as Moderator of this Meeting. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of .the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duely qualified & legally warned, in public Town 
Meeting assembled, at Faneuil Hall, Thursdaj- the 22 d . day of 

May Anno Dom'. 1777 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r . Mather. 

The Precept & Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Sundry Laws -------------- read 

The Town having at a former Meeting determined to make 
Choice of Seven Persons to represent them in the Great and Gen- 
eral Court or Assembly, to be held at the Town House in Boston 
[123.] Upon Wednesday the 28 th . of May current The Inhab- 
itants were accordingly directed to withdraw, & bring in their 
Votes for Seven Representatives ; & others it was declared by the 
Selectmen, that no Votes will be received, but such as are un- 
folded, & that they propose the Poll shall be closed at 12 

O'Clock. 

The Votes being bro't in for Seven Representatives, the Num- 
ber of the same were found to be five hundred twenty three, & 
upon sorting them, it appear'd that the Six following persons 
were chosen, Viz*. 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. 304 

John Pitts Esq. 520 

David Jeffries Esq. 307 

Caleb Davis Esq --- - 

John Brown Esq ----------- 301 

M r . Ellis Gray ------ 518 

Voted, the Choice of the other Person to represent the Town be 
referred to the Afternoon. 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1777. 283 

M r . Scollay, Chairman of the Selectmen informed that they pro- 
pose the Poll shall be closed at 4 O'Clock. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to the Afternoon 3 
'Clock. 

3 'Clock P.M. met according to Adjournment 

JHie Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in their 
Votes for one Representative ; & the Votes being brought in 
accordingly, the Number of the same were found to be two hun- 
dred & thirty, & upon sorting them, it appeared, that 

Oliver Wendell Esq. - - - - 132 

was chosen. 

The Choice of Representatives being over & declared by the 
Selectmen, the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw, & bring 
their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, in order that the 
Town may proceed in transacting the other Affairs mentioned in 
the Warrant; [124,] Accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew & 
brought in their Votes, & upon sorting them it appeared, that 

M r . Samuel Austin 
was chosen Moderator of this Meeting. 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz 1 . ' To consider whether they 
will, in Conformity to a Resolve of the late General Assembly, in- 
struct their Representatives relative to forming a Constitution of 
Government ; as also, what farther Instructions may be necessary 
for the Representatives that may be chosen," was read, & after 
considerable Debate had thereon It was moved & the Question 
accordingly put, viz'. " Whether the Town will give their Repre- 
sentatives Instructions to form a Plan for a, new Government "? 
Passed in the Negative. 

On a Motion, the Question was put, " Whether the Town will 
give their Representatives any Instructions whatsoever " ? Passed 

in the Affirmative 

Voted, that Thomas Crafts Esq. 
John Winthrop Esq. 
M r . Joseph Barrel 
Perez Morton Esq. 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 

be, & hereby are appointed a Coinittee to prepare a Draught of 
Instructions for our Representatives in General Assembly. 

On a Motion made, Voted, that our Representatives be in- 
structed to move in the General Assembly, for a Repeal of the 
Act to prevent Monopoly & Oppression. 

M r . Brimmer, lately chose one of the Committee of Correspond- 
ence, Inspection & Safety, having declined Serving, the Inhabi- 
tants were directed to withdraw, & bring in their Votes for 
another Person, & the Votes being accordingly bro't in & sorted, 
it appear'd, that 

Capt. Isaac Phillips 

was chosen one of the Coinittee of Correspondence &c. for the 
Year ensuing. 

[125.] Voted, that the Selectmen be, & they hereby are ap- 
pointed to act upon the List of Jurors. 



284 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Agreable to a Writ from Ezekiel Price Esq. Clerk of the Ses- 
sions &c the following Persons were drawn out of the Jury 
Box, as Jurors for a special Court, to be held for the Tryal of 
such Persons as the Town have represented to be Inimical to 
these States and dangerous to the public Safety Viz 1 . 
Mess. Jeremiah Helknap 
Edward Carnes 
Samuel Dashwood 
William Fallass 
John Newell 
John Bullard 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Monday next, the 
2G th . Instant, 3 O'Clock Afternoon 

Monday 26 th . of May, 3 O'Clock P.M. met according to Ad- 
journment. 

The Comittee appointed to prepare Instructions for the Gentle- 
men chose to represent this Town in the next General Assembly, 
Reported the following Draught, Viz'. 

To the Hon ble . John Hancock Esq, David Jeffries, Caleb Davis, 
Oliver Wendell, John Brown, John Pitts & Ellis Gray, Esq". 

Gentlemen, 

You have been chosen by the Voice of the Town of Boston to 
represent them in the Great & General Court, & as it must be 
agreable to you to know the Minds of your Constituents in all 
important Matters, we think fit to give you the following Instruc- 
tions. 

With respect to the General Courts forming a new Constitution, 
you are directed by a unanimous Vote of a full Meeting, on no 
Terms to consent to it, but to use your Influence, & oppose it 
[126.] Heartily, if such an Attempt should be made, for we 
apprehend this Matter (at a suitable time) will properly come 
before the people at large, to delegate a /Select Number for that 
Purpose, & that alone, when some things which we esteem abso- 
lutely necessary to a good Form, may be viewed by a General 
Court, in the Light of self denying Ordinances, which it is natural 
to consider, arc always disagreable to human Nature : Among 
other things we have peculiarly in View making the Council 
intirely independent of the House, & to prevent the lattly too 
prevalent Custom of accumulating Offices in One Persone: We 
could wish to establish it, as a certain Rule, that no One person 
whatever, be entrusted with more than One Office at a time (& 
for the Discharge of it, let there be honorable Allowance) & to 
keep the Members of the General Court from accepting any : This 
we apprehend will have a happy Effect at large, & is agreable 
to the Custom of all States until Corruption & Bribery destroy 
the Principles of Vertue. 

You are also directed to move for, & exert yourselves to get an 
immediate & total Repeal of the Acts, commonly called the 
Regulating Acts. Our reasons for desiring this Request are : 
Because we have done our utmost to carry them into Execution, 
and find them so formed, that it is impossible to accomplish it; 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1777. 285 

they are (however well designed) a growing Source of Animosity & 
ill Will, tending to raise a Difference between Town & Country, 
at this important Crisis, an Event ardently wished for by our 
Enemies, but ought to be guarded against with the utmost Caution 
by every Friend to this Country, for we are sure that our Interest 
& Happiness of our Brethren in the Country ; & if ever the Trial 
is made, we shall assuredly find, that a Disunion & Seperation of 
such Interest will be the Ruin of both. 

Because, we apprehend, the said Acts have very greatly raised 
the Price of almost every Article of Life, & we have great 
[127.] Reason to fear the Evil will be growing, so long as they 
are in Being though arc firmly of the Opinion, if tbe Acts are 
repealed, & our Trade freed from the cruel Shackles, tvith which it 
has lately been injudiciously bound, that a plentiful Import will, as 
assuredly lower the Prices, as a Scarcity has raised them : For it 
has been a known & acknowledged Truth, by all Nations, which 
were wise enough to encourage Commerce, that Trade must 
regulate itself ; can never be clogged but to its ruin; & always 
flourishes when left alone ; it is justly compared to a Coy Mistress, 
she must be courted with Delicacy, & is ruined by force. 

Because it has had the greatest Tendency to destroy our Cur- 
rency, & render Money of little Value ; it has thrown many of 
the honest & fair Traders, (who wish to retain a good Commerce) 
out of Business, & set up in their Room Mushroom Pedlars, who 
adulterate their Commodities, & take every Advantage, thereby 
bringing a Disgrace upon Commerce without which Town nor 
Country are worth defending. 

Because we are sure, that very large, & much wanted Supplies, 
the Property of this State & expected here, are now ordered into 
some of the Sister States, until these Acts are repealed In 
short, 

Because we have experienced every ill we could possibly fear 
from these Acts, & have felt the least Advantage from them : 
We cannot therefore but view them, repleat with innumerable 
Evils, directly opposite to the Idea of Liberty, & without a Possi- 
bility of doing any Good ; the first Act, in its Consequences in- 
troducing all Kinds of Knavery, & the second closes the horrid 
Scene with Perjury. If these Acts should be repealed, we 
conclude the Land-Embargo will fall of course. 

If there should be an Attempt to have the pay of the Represent- 
atives taken out of the Public Chest, you are directed strenuously 
to oppose it, as, the only just Method we can conceive of, is, for 
each Town to pay their own Members. 

[128.] You are to move that immediate Application be made 
to Congress, that all the States Money might be redeemed with 
Continental Currency, & each State charged by the Continent for 
what they receive If this could be accomplished, and the Money 
redeemed by Loan-Certificates, it would operate doubly in favor 
of the States, for us tltey carry Interest they would be speedily 
hoarded, & being taken out of Circulation, would give the 
remaining Currency a proportion ably greater Value, and in that 
Case would be nearly equal to a Tax : Besides, the Currency 



286 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

being all of the ame Species, a Counterfeit would be more easily 
discovered, than when a great variety of Money is passing, & it 
would then be the joint Interest of all the States to keep the Credit 
good, & might be a farther Means of strengthning the Union. 

These Matters, with all others that may come before the 
General Court, we leave to your firmness & Prudence, and trust 
your Exertions in the common Cause will be such as shall recom- 
mend you to your Fellow Citizens, & what is more your Gain, you 
to the Approbation of God & your Conscience. 

The foregoing Draught of Instructions to our Representatives 
having been read & considered Paragraph by Paragraph the 
Question was put "Whether the same shall be accepted, & 
given to our Representatives as their Instructions?" Passed in 
the Affirmative. 

On a Motion, Voted, that the foregoing Instructions be printed 
in the News-Papers. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred & Twenty Pounds be al- 
lowed & paid unto M r . Samuel Hunt, for his Salary, as Master of 
the South Grammar School, for the year ensuing, the same to be 
paid quarterly, as it shall become due, & to commence from the 
last Quarter. 

Voted, that the farther Sum of Eighty pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . Samuel Hunt, in Addition to his [12>.] Salary of 120 
- - in Consideration of the present high Price of the Necessaries 
of Life. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . Samuel Holbrook for his Salary, as Master of the Writing 
School in the Common, the year ensuing, the same to be paid him 
quarterly, as it shall become due, & to commence from the Expi- 
ration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the farther Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . Samuel Holbrook, in Consideration of the present high 
Price of the Necessaries of Life. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . James Tileston, in Consideration of his Salary, as Master 
of the North Writing School the year ensuing, the same to be paid 
him quarterly, as it shall become due, & to commence from the 
last Quarter. 

Voted, that the farther Sum of Eighty pounds be allowed & 
paid unto M r . James Tileston, in Consideration of the present high 
price of the Necessaries of Life. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . James Carter, for his Salary, as Master of the Writing 
School in Queen Street, for the Year ensuing, the same to be paid 
quarterly, as it shall become due & to commence from the Expi- 
ration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the farther Sum of Eighty pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . James Carter, in Consideration of the present high Price 
of the Necessaries of Life. 

Voted, that the Sura of One hundred and thirty Pounds be al- 
lowed and paid out of the Town Treasury unto David Jeffries Esq, 
for his Services as Treasurer of the Town the Year past, & for all 
hi* Expences in that Office. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1777. 287 

Voted, that the farther Sum of Seventy pounds be allowed & 
paid out of the Treasury unto David Jeffries Esq r . [13O.] In 
Consideration of the present high Price of the Necessaries of 

Life. 

On a Motion made, Voted, that it be left to the Gentlemen, the 
Selectmen, to make such an Addition to M r . Cooper's Allowance 
as Town Clerk, in Consideration of the high Price of Provisions, 

as they shall judge to be a suitable Living. 

The Town having brought in their Votes for four Wardens, upon 
sorting them it appeared, that 

Capt William Bell 
M r . William Crafts 
M r . Samuel Ruggles 
M r . Daniel Bell 

were chosen Wardens for the Year ensuing. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duely qualified and legally warned, in public 
Town Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Monday the 7 th . day 
of July, Anno Domini 1777. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - - read. 

Voted, to come to the Choice of a Moderator by a Hand Vote 

M r . Jonathan Mason 
was accordingly chosen Moderator of this Meeting. 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz'. " To consider whether any 
Alteration shall be made with respect to the Collectors Premiums 
& Bonds " was read Whereupon the Question was put 
" Whether any Alterations shall be made with respect to said 
Bonds and Premiums Passed in the Negative. 

[131.] The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring 
in their Votes for a Collector of Taxes in the Room of M r . Oliver 
Greenleaff who has declined serving, & upon the Votes being 
brought in & sorted, it appeared, that 

Francis Shaw Esq. 
was chosen a Collector of Taxes for the Year ensuing. 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz 1 . "To consider of the Request 
of the Schoolmasters, that Ushers may be allowed them in Con- 
sideration of the great Encrease of Schollars was read where- 
upon Voted, 

That the Gentlemen the Selectmen be and hereby 
are directed to appoint Ushers for One, or all the Schools if they 
shall apprehend that Assistance is wanted. 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz 4 . " To consider what is proper 
to be done, relative to impounding Horses that may be found 
going at large on the Common Lands ; was read whereupon, 
Voted, that the Hayward be directed to do his Duty with respect 
to the impounding Horses &c as the Law points out the same. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz. "To consider what Measures 
shall be taken relative to weighing Hay and the .allowance to be 
made the Hay-Weigher was read whei'eupon 



288 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Voted, that this Matter be left to the Gentlemen the Selectmen, 
for them to act therein, as they shall judge proper. 

The Article in the warrant Viz. " To consider whether any far- 
ther Steps shall be taken for Collecting the Accounts from the 
Inhabitants of the Losses sustained by the ministerial Troops 
was read whereupon . 

Voted, that the Chairman of the Committee for the several 
Wards for collecting an Account of the Damages sustain'd by the 
British Troops &c. since the Boston Port Bill, be desired to call 
immediately upon the Inhabitants in their respective Ward. 
[132.] For an Account of said Damages, agreuble to the Hand 
Bills lately published & deliver'd them ; & that said Comittee 
report to the Gentlemen the Selectmen their doings therein as 
soon as may be that the same may be laid before the Town 
also 

Voted, that the Selectmen, agreable to a former Vote, be de- 
sired to fill up said Committees in Case of the Absence or Sick- 
ness of any of them. 

On a Motion made, Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned 
to Wednesday next, being the 9 th . of July 3 'Clock P. M. 

And the Meeting was accordingly adjourned. 

Wednesday July 9 th . 3'Clock P. M. 

Met according to adjournment. 



On a Motion made, Voted, that Joseph Greenleaff & Henry 
Jackson Esq". be excused from serving on Coinittee for Collect- 
ing Damages sustained in Ward, N. G. 

Voted, that Mess 8 . Daniel Bell & Isaac Peirce be added to the 
Comittee of Ward N. 6, for collecting the Damages sustain'd 
from the Enemy by the Inhabitants of said Ward. 

Voted, that Mess 9 . John Rogers & Benjamin Richardson be 
added to the Committee of Ward N. 8 for collecting the Dama- 
ges sustained from the Enemy by the Inhabitants of said Ward ; 
in the Room of Capt John Bradford & Capt Charles Williams, 
who have been excused from serving. 

Voted, that Newmen Greenough Esq be added to the Committee 
of Ward N. 1. for collecting Accounts of the Damages sustained 
from the Enemy by the Inhabitants of said Ward, in the room of 
Capt Fortesque Vernon, who declines serving. 

Voted that the thanks of the Town be given to M r . Jonathan 
Mason for his Services, as Moderator of this Meeting. 

Voted, that this Meeting be dissolved. 

And the Meeting was accordingly dissolved 



[133.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, duly qualified & legally warned in public 
Town Meeting assembled, at Faneuil Hall, on Wednesday the 23 d . 
Day of July Anno Domini 1777 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1777. 289 

On a Motion made, the Question was put Whether a Modera- 
tor should be chosen by a Hand Vote Passed in the Affirma- 
tive - 

Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq r . was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting - 

An Objection have been made to the proceeding on Business, 
on a Suggestion, that the Inhabitants had not been fully warned 
the Matter was taken up, & after some Debate the Question was 
put "Whether the Town will now proceed upon Business 
Passed in the Affirmative - 

The Clause in the Warrant Viz. "To consider and determine, 
whether, agreable to the Proposal & Dosire of a number of the 
Inhabitants a Comittee shall be appointed, & supplied with 
such sums of Money, as shall be tho't sufficient to procure such of 
the Necessaries of Life, as may serve to alleviate the Distresses 
of the poor Inhabitants of this Town ; or to agree & determine 
upon such other Measures, as may be judged necessary to answer 
the salutary Purpose aforesaid" was read Whereupon 
Voted that Mess'. Ellis Gray 

Joseph Barrel 

Thomas Walley 

Ezekicl Price 

Edward Payne 

Nath 1 . Appleton 

Thomas Crafts 

be a Committee, to consider this Article at large, & report at the 
Adjournment, what they think necessary to be done, to aleviate 
the present, and prevent the future Distresses of the poor Inhabi- 
tants of this Town. - 



Mess*. Thomas Tileston 
Sam 1 . Dashwood 
Joseph Loring 

were chosen Jurors for a Maritime Court, to be held at Boston the 
29 th . of July next, 10 'Clock Forenoon. - 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Thursday next, 
3 'Clock P. M. 

Thursday 3 'Clock P. M. met according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to consider the Article in the Warrant, 
relative to the Distress of the poor Inhabitants, Report - 

That a Committee be appointed to procure Subscriptions from such 
Persons as are willing to lend the Town, without Interest, a Sum 
not exceeding 8000 - - to be paid into the hands of the Town 
Treasurer, to be appropriated to the Purchase of such Articles as 
the Inhabitants stand in need of The Treasurer to give Receipts 
for the Money so lent, to be paid on Demand. - 

That a Committee of Persons be appointed to purchase on 
the best Terms, such Quantities of the Necessary Articles, as they 
shall judge proper, not exceeding the Amount of Money so sub- 
scribe* I, & that the said Comittee be impowered to draw upon, & 
shall be accountable to the Town Treasurer for the same ; and 
that the said Comittee be impowcr'd to deliver out the said Goods 
to such persons in each Ward, as they shall appoint, whose Busi- 



290 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

ness it shall be to retail and the several Articles deliver'd him to 
the respective Inhabitants of his Ward only, at such Price, as the 
Committee for purchasing shall direct, & which shall not exceed 
the first Purchase, & the Necessary Charges And the said Com- 
ittee shall make such Allowance for Waste & Retail, as they shall 
think just And the persons appointed to retail shall sell for ready 
Money only, & shall pay to the Comittee the Money, so (& so fast 

as) received, after the abovesaid Allowance is deducted. 

[135.] And the said appointed Retailers shall set down the 
Names of the Persons they supply, recommending to them the ut- 
most Frugality in the Use of the several Articles during Scarcity. 

And no Person, or Family shall receive a second Supply, 'till all 
the Articles first received by him or them, is by them consumed. 

The Committee are also allowed to supply such Coasters as 
bring Wood to Town from time to time, with as many of the neces- 
sary Articles they have on Hand, as they can conveniently spare 
the Wharfinger engaging to dispose of the said Wood for Cash 
only in small Parcels & at the Rates purchased of the Coaster, with 
the customary Allowance for Carting & Wharfage. 

The Money raised by the proposed Subscriptions, to be appro- 
priated & improved for the purpose aforesaid only, & for so long a 
time as the Distresses of the people may make this Mode of Trade 
necessary, & the Lenders are willing to continue their Money in this 
public Service. 

And it is earnestly recommended to all persons in Trade (not- 
withstanding the Appointment of the aforesaid Committee) who 
are possess'd of the necessary Articles of Life, that they would 
immediately open their Stores, & sell indiscriminately to all that 
apply, & thereby convince their Fellow Citizens, that it is their 
Intention, so far as is in their power, to alleviate the Distresses 
of the present Day. Which Report having been read & considered 

the Question was put u Whether the same shall be accepted? 

Passed in the Affirmative Whereupon 

Mess 8 . Ellis Gray 

Joseph Barrell 

Thomas Walley 

Ezekiel Price 

Edward Payne 

Nath 1 . Appleton 

Thomas Crafts 

[136.] Be a Committee to procure Subscriptions agreable to 
the aforesaid Report And 

Mess 8 . Peter Boyer 

Thomas Walley 

Joseph Henderson 

Joseph Callender 

Ebenezer Sever 

John Leverett 

Habijah Savage 

were appointed a Committee to purchase necessary Articles, and 
dispose of the same for the Relief of the poor Inhabitants, as 
pointed out in said Report. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1777. 291 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to the hon ble . 

Thomas Gushing Esq, for his good Services, as Moderator. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duely qualified & legally warned in public Town 
Meeting assembled, at Faneuil Hall, Tuesday the 28 th . day of Octo- 
ber 10 O'Clock A. M. Anno Domini 1777. 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting read 



Benjamin Kent Esq. was chosen Moderator of this Meeting. 



The Town Clerk having acquainted the Town, that being just 
recover'd from a Fever, the stormy Weather would not permit his 

attending the Meeting. 

M r . Harbottle Dorr 
was chosen Town Clerk Pro Tempore 



The Article in the Warrant relative to the providing [137.] For 
the Non-Commissioned Officers & Soldiers Families, as have 
engaged in the Continental Service for this Town was read and 
considered Whereupon 

Voted, that a Coim'ttee be now chosen, pursuant to the Direc- 
tions of a Resolve of the Great & General Court or Assembly of 
this State, relative to making Provision for the Families of such 
Non commissioned Officers & Soldiers, as have engaged in the 
Continental Service for this Town &c 

Voted, that Capt John Ballard Ward N. 2 

M r . Edward Green 9 

M r . Joseph Callender- ------ excused 

M r . Joseph Hall 6 

M r . Nicholas Bowes- ------- excused 

be a Committee for the Purpose aforesaid. 

Voted, that Application be made to the Several Churches & Con- 
gregations in this Town, that on next Lord's Day, a Contribution 
be made, in order to purchase the Necessaries of Life of the 
Families of such of the Inhabitants, as are Non-commissioned 
Officers & Privates, in the Army of the United States, & that the 
Monies so collected be paid into the Hands of the Committee ap- 
pointed pursuant to the Resolve of the General Court, to be by 
them disposed of for the Use aforesaid. 

Voted, that Ellis Gray Esq. 
M r . Ezekiel Price 
Oliver Wendell Esq. 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Tuesday next, being 
the 4 th of November, 10 O'Clock Forenoon. 

Tuesday the 4 th of November 1777 



Met according to Adjournment, 10 O'Clock Forenoon 



[138.] Benjamin Kent Esq, the Moderator, being out of 
Town the Inhabitants assembled proceeded to the Choice of a 
Moderator Pro. Tern, by a Hand Vote, when 

The Hon ble James Pitts Esq. 
was chosen Moderator of this Meeting Pro Temp 



292 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

The following Letters from the Hon ble . Viscount Demauroy 
Brigadier General in the French Army, was, by M r . Ezekiel 

Price, to whom it was directed, laid before the Town, Viz. 

Sir, 

I beseech you to receive One Hundred Dollars for the Sol- 
diers Wives & for their Children permit me, that I may as- 
sociate myself with your Fellow Citizens to help the poor Suf- 
ferers. 

With the Respect due to your worth}' Characters, 
I am 

Gentlemen 

Your Obedient Servant 

Vise'. Demauroy 
Brigadier Gen 1 , in the French Army 

Boston Nov r . 3 d . 1777 

Upon the above Letter's being read 

Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of this Town be given 
totheHon ble . Viscount Demauroy, Brigadier General in the French 
Army, now in this Town, for his late generous Donation for the 
Benefit of the Families of such of the Inhabitants, as are Soldiers 
in the Army of the united States and that 
M r . Ezekiel Price 
Col: Nathaniel Barber 
Thomas Daws Esq. 

be a Committee to present the same 

On a Motion made, Voted, that the Committee to receive Dona- 
tions for the Families of those Men, who have inlisted into the 
Continental Army, be enlarged to Twelve, & that One be chosen 

for each Ward. 

[139.] M r . Joseph Callender & M r . Nicholas Bowes having 
desired to be excused, they were accordingly excused from serv- 
ing on the Committee of Donations. 

The following Persons were chose, as an Addition to the Com- 
mittee of Donations, Viz. 

Mess'. John R. Sigoney ----- Ward N. 1. 

Nathaniel Hitchburne ------ 3. 

Gibbins Sharp -------- 4. 

Thomas Hitchburne ------- 5. 

M r . Nathan Frazier ------- 7. 

Benjamin Jepson ___.__- 8. 
Adam Colson --------- 10. 

Hermon Brimmer - - - - - - - 11. 

Thomas Baley 12. 

Voted, that M r . Ezekiel Price be desired to pay the two hun- 
dred Dollars, a Donation from the French General, unto the Com- 
mittee to receive Donations &c. 

A Letter from the Gentlemen the Wardens, complaining of ill 
Treatment from Capt. M c Neil & his Men when in Discharge of 
their Duty was read whereupon 

Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen, be a Comittee to 
wait upon the Hon ble . the Council & make Representation of the 
Interruption the Wardens have received in the Execution of their 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1777. 293 

Duty, & lo request, that those Officers may be Supported in the 
due Execution of their Office. 

On a Motion made, Voted, that the Comittee to receive Donations 
be directed to make speedy Enquiry into the State of their several 
Wards, & report at the Adjournment, the Circumstances of those 
who have gone from this Town into the Continental Army. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Fryday next the 7 th 
instant, 3 O'Clock P.M. 

Fryday November the 7 th 3 O'Clock P.M. met according to Ad- 
journment 

[14O.] The Committee appointed to make Enquiry into the 
State of the several Wards Reported, that there was near five 
hundred Persons in this Town of the Families of such as are in the 
Continental Army, who are in suffering Circumstances Where- 
upon, Voted, that the Committee to receive Donations be di- 
rected to wait upon the persons, who have the Donation Money in 
their Hands, & receive & distribute the same agreable to the 
Vote of the Town 

The Petition of M r . Samuel Hunt, Master of the South Gram- 
mar School, fc ' for an Addition to his present Grant on Account of 
the Rise of Provisions &c, & that the Town would determine on an 
Allowance to be made the Usher of said School, for his Services " 
was read whereupon 

Voted, that M r . Ezekiel Price 
M r . Nicholas Bowes 
M r . Daniel Parker 

be a Committee to consider what farther Allowance it may be 
necessary to make M r . Hunt, & the other Schoolmasters, in Con- 
sideration of the present high Prices of the Necessaries of Life 
also 

. Voted, that the Salary of the Usher of the South Grammar 
School be left to the Determination of the Selectmen 

A letter from the Viscount Demauroy expressing his Sense of 
the Honor done him by their Vote of Thanks, for the small Ex- 
pression of his Regard to the American Soldiery, was laid before 

the Town. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duely qualified & legally warned, in public Town 
Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall December the 8 th 1777. 

[141.] Warrant for Calling the Meeting Read 

The Inhabitants having brought in their Votes for a Moderator ; 
upon sorting them it appeared, that the Hon ble John Hancock Esq 
was unanimously chosen Moderator of this Meeting 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz : " To consider whether Ap- 
plication shall be made to the General Court, to enable the Town 
to chuse an additional Number of Assessors for the more equitable 
Apportioning any future Tax " was read & considered Where- 
upon 



294 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Voted, that a Committee be appointed to prepare a Petition to 
the General Assembly, That Liberty may be granted the Town 
for the Choice of as many more Assessors with those already 
chosen, as shall make the Number of Assessors Twelve - 

Voted, that the Hou ble Sam 1 . Adams Esq. 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
Hon blc . Thomas dishing Esq. 
M r . Ezekiel Price 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid, and to report at the 
Adjournment. 

The Clause in the Wari'ant, viz : " To consider of the Request 
of the Overseers of the poor, that some effectual Method may be 
speedily taken for providing for the poor of the Town, during the 
Winter, more especially for the aged & infirm persons in the 
Almshouse, who are improvided with Wood & Clothing & all 
Kinds of provisions & other Necessaries &c was read & con- 
sidered Whereupon - 

Voted, that a Comittee be appointed to draw up a true repre- 
sention of the distressed State of the poor in the Almshouse & to 
use their best Endeavors to procure a Subscription for the imme- 
diate Loan of Monies for the present Exigencies of said poor, not 
exceeding the Sum of five thousand Pounds ; for which Monies 
the Town Treasurer is impovvered to give his Notes on Interest to 
the respective Lenders. also 



Voted, that the Gentlemen, the Overseers of the 
poor be a Comittee for the purpose aforesaid, they taking with 
them Two person ; for each Ward & to report at the Adjourn- 
ment of this Meeting. - 

On a Motion made Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of the 
Town be and hereby are given to the tion ble John Hancock Esq. 
for his generous Donation of One hundred & fifty Cord of Wood 
to the poor of the Town in this time of distress. - 

On a Motion made, Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen 
be directed to call a Meeting of the Town on Wednesday next 
4 O'Clock P. M. in order that Application be made to General 
Court for an Easement of their Taxes - 

Voted, that David Jeffries Esq. Town Treasurer be, & he 
hereby is directed & impowere'd, to borrow on Interest for the 
Use of the Almshouse, Eight hundred pounds in Addition to the 
Sum he has already been impowered to borrow for that purpose, 
& to give his Notes for the same. - 

Adjourned to Monday next, being the 15 th . day of December 
instant, 3 O'Clock Afternoon. - 

Monday the 15 th . day of December 1777 3 O'Clock P. M. met 
according to Adjournment. - 

The Committee appointed to consider what farther Alowances 
may be necessary to be made the Schoolmasters, on Account of 
the present high Prices of the necessaries of Life Report - 

That they have attended that Service, & are of Opinion that 
the present Allowances to the several Schoolmasters are not 
sufficient to support them, & beg leave to propose a Grant to 
each of them as follows Viz 4 . 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1777. 295 

To M r . Samuel Holbrook One hundred pounds 

M r . Samuel Hunt ------ One hundred pounds 

M r . James Carter ------ One hundred pounds 

M r . John Tileston ------ One hundred pounds 

M r . William Bently Fifty pounds 

[143.] And that the same be added to their next Draft, for 
their present Salaries, on the Town Treasurer. 

The foregoing Report having been read & Considered the 
Question was put "Whether the same shall be accepted? 
Passed in the Affirmative unanimously. 

The Committee appointed to prepare a Petition to the General 
Assembly, that Liberty may be granted the Town for as many 
more Assessors, as, with those already chosen, shall make the 
Number of Assessors to be Twelve reported the following Draught 

To the Hon ble . the Council & House of Representatives of the 
State of Massachusetts' Bay. 

The Petition of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston in Town Meeting legally assembled the 8 th of December 
1777 Humbly sheweth. 

That your Petitioners, being by law impowered to make Choice 
of three, five, seven, or nine persons, to be Assessors of all such 
Rates & Taxes, as the Great & General Court or Assembly shall 
by Act, or Acts by them made, order & appoint the said Town to 
pay towards the public Charges of the State ; Did, at a Town 
Meeting in the Mouth of March last, being the time by Law 
appointed, make Choice of seven persons only, for the purpose 
aloresaid ; which Number has heretofore been judged most con- 
venient. 

But at present, & under the particular Circumstances of this 
Town, your Petitioners conceive that the public Taxes would be 
more equally apportioned among the Inhabitants, if the Number of 
Assessors might be enlarged. 

Wherefore, they pray this hon ble . Assembly, that an Act, or 
Order may pass, whereby the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of 
the Town of Boston may be impowered to make a farther Choice 
of five meet Persons in Addition to those already chosen, to be 
Assessors for the present Year ; & also to elect the Number of 
Twelve persons into the same Office for the future. 

[144.] And your Petitioners, as in Duty bound, shall ever 

pray. 

Samuel Adams p Order. 

The foregoing Report having been read & considered the 
Question was put ki Whether the same shall be accepted? 
Passed in the Affirmative. 

Voted, that the foregoing Petition be signed by the Selectmen, 
& that the Representatives be instructed to present the same to 
the General Assembly. 

The Committee appointed to procure Subscriptions for the 
Loan of Monies for the poor of the Alrnshouse, not exceeding the 
Sum of Five thousand pounds Reported that they should be 
al>le to procure said Sum for the Use aforesaid. 

Voted, that David. Jeffries Esq. Treasurer of this Town, be 



296 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

directed to receive the Subscription aforesaid, & appropriate the 

same for the Use of the poor of the Almshouse. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duely qualified & legally warned, in public Town 
Meeting assembled, at Faneuil Hall, Monday the 15 th . day of 
December Anno Domini 1777 4 O'Clock P.M. 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting read. 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. chosen Moderator unanimously 

The Article in the Warrant Viz. " Whether Application shall 
be made to the Great & General Court for an Abatement on their 
Province Tax, & that some Method may be taken for the more 
equal proportioning it for the future? was read & considered 
Whereupon 

Voted, that the Representatives of the Town be, and hereby are 
instructed, to use their Influence in the General Assembly [145. J 
Of this State, that a new Valuation may be immediate!}- agreed 
upon for apportioning the State Tax ; & that a Resolve pass for 
the final Adjustment of the Town's Proportion of the late & 
future Taxes, by said Valuation. 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz. " To consider the Request of 
a Number of the Inhabitants, That the Market may be shut, or 
put under such Regulations, as shall be for the Good of the Town" 
was read & considered Whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to see that the Contract 
made with the Butchers, that occupy the Stalls in Faneuil Hall 
Market, be carried into Execution. 

Voted, that this Meeting be dissolved, & it was accordingly dis- 
solved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town cf Boston duely qualified and legally warned, in public Town 
Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Fry day the 26 th . day of 

December, Anno Domini 1777 3 O'Clock P.M. 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting read 

Jonathan Williams Esq. chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote. 
The Town having been impowered by a late Resolve of the 
General Assembly, to choose an Additional Number of Assessors 
The Inhabitants, agreable to an Article in the Warrant, were 
desired to bring in their Votes for five more Assessors, & upon 
their being brought in & sorted, it appeared, that 
Mess 8 . William Frobisher 
John R. Sigoney 
Edward Green 
[146.] Benjamin Edes 

Joseph Henderson 
were chose Assessors for the remainder of the Year. 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz: ''To consider & determine 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1778. 297 

what is proper to be farther done with respect to Faneuil Hall 
Market " was rear! & considered whereupon 

Voted, that it be left to the Selectmen to make such Agreement 
with the Butchers, who occupy the Stalls in Faneuil Hall Market, 
respecting the Meat that is cut up, and may be left at the Market, 
as they may judge proper. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duely qualified and legally warned, in public 
Town Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall, on the 20 Day of Jan- 
uary Anno Domini 1778 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants were directed to bring in their votes for a Mod- 
erator of this Meeting, & the same being brought in & Sorted, it 
appeard, that 

Tho Hon blc . John Hancock Esq. was chosen 

The Article in the Warrant relative to the Articles of Confed- 
eration was read 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz: "Whether any Steps shall 
be taken, for the farther Security of the Town, by enlarging the 

Town Watch, or otherwise " was read, & considered 

Whereupon 

[147.] Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to en crease the 
Number of the Town Watch to forty eight good & suitable Men, 
& that they be directed to patrole the Streets, from Sunsetting to 
10 O'Clock at Night, at which time the Watch is to be set : And 
the Watchmen of the respective Watches are to continue to patrole 
the Streets, from that Time, every Hour, giving the time of Night 
& Circumstances. 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz: "To determine on the Re- 
quest of the Fire Wards, That some effectual Measures may be 
taken to put the Enginemen upon such a Footing, as that the 
several Engines may be properly attended, & taken care of, as the 
preservation of the Town, in case of fire, greatly depends upon 
it" was read, together with the Recommendation of the Fire 
Wards, relative to the Encouragement which it might be proper to 
afford the Engine-Men and the same being considered 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to consider & report 
upon this Matter, & also wh;it will be a sufficient Premium for 
such Companies, as bring their Engines to work first upon the 
Fire that may break out in any Building in this Town. 

The Article in the Warrant relative to Confederation, together 
with the Articles of Confederation, & perpetual Union between 
the united States of America, lately formed & proposed by the 
Hon ble . Congress, to the Legislative Body of this State were 
distinctly read It was then moved that this Meeting be adjourned 
to To-morrow Morning, 10 O'Clock, for the farther Consideration 
of said Articles of Confederation ; and that the Selectmen take 
Measures to notify the Inhabitants of the Adjournment & the 



298 CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 

Business to be transacted The Question being put Passed in 
the Affirmative, & the Meeting was accordingly adjourned. 

[148.] Town met, according to Adjournment, January 21'. 
10 O'Clock Ante Meridiem. 

The Report of the Committee appointed to consider the Article 
in the Warrant, relative to the Engine Companies also the Rec- 
ommendion of the Fire Wards, with respect to said Companies 
was read Whereupon 

Voted, that the farther Consideration of this Report be referred 
over to the Adjournment of this Meeting 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz. " To consider & determine, 
whether, agreeable to the Recommendation of the General Assem- 
bly of this State, the Town will intrust their Representatives, to 
act & do, as they shall judge most for the Advantage of this & 
the other united States, relative to the Articles of Confederation & 
prepetual Union between the United States of America, lately 
formed & proposed by the Hon ble . Congress, to the Legislative 
Body of this State " was read as also the Articles of Confed- 
eration Whereupon the following Resolve passed unanimously. 

The Articles of Confederation & perpetual Union, between the 
several States, now Represented in the Continental Congress, hav- 
ing been laid before this Town were distinctly & repeatedly 
read, & maturely considered Whereupon Resolved, as the 
Opinion of this Town, " That the said Articles appear to be well 
adapted to Cement the Union of the said States, to confirm their 
mutual Friendship, establish their Freedom & Independence & 
promote their General Welfare." And the Representatives of 
the Town are hereby instructed to give their Votes in the General 
Assembly, that the Delegates of this State may be authorized to 
ratify the said Articles of Confederation, in order that the same 
may become Conclusive. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Fryday next, the 23 d . 
day of January instant, 10 O'Clock, Forenoon 

[149.] And the Meeting was accordingly adjourned. 

January the 23 d . 10 'Clock, met according to the Adjourn- 
ment. 

The Report of the Committee chosen to consider the Article in the 
Warrant, relative to Engine Men, & also the Proposal of the Fire 
Wards, respecting the Engine Companies was again read 
and also the Amendment proposed After considerable Debate 
thereon, it was moved, & the Question accordingly put, That this 
Meeting be adjourned to Monday next, being the 26 th Instant, 10 
O'Clock Before Noon, which passed in the Affirmative, and the 
Meeting was accordingly adjourned 

Monday the 26 th . Day of January, 10 'Clock A M. met accord- 
ing to Adjournment. 

The Committee appointed & report on the Article of the War- 
rant, relative to the Engine Companies, & the Recommendation of 
the Fire Wards, again Report with the Amendment Viz'. That 
they have conferred with the Captains of the several Engine Com- 
panies, & find, That nothing short of a total Exemption from all 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1778. 299 

Military Duty will be sufficient to satisfy & encourage the Men 
belonging to those Companies They would therefore propose, 
that Application be made to the General Court ; that, in Consider- 
ation of the great Quantity of Stores belonging to the State & 
Continent, stored in this Town, together with the valuable Build- 
ings, the Property of the State, the Enginemen, necessary for the 
Town under these Circumstances, may be deducted from the Num- 
ber of the Inhabitants, & not subject to raise their Proportion of 
any Draughts of Men, or do any Military Duty, excepting in Cases 
of Alarm, when they are ready to appear & do their Duty, as the 
Law directs. And as a farther Encouragement, the Committee 
propose, that tho Premium [15O.] For the Engine Company, who 
first bring their Engine to work first upon any Fire which shall 
break out in any Building in this Town, shall be advanced to 

Three Pounds Lawful Money. 

JOHN SCOLLAT p Order 

The foregoing Report having been duely considered the 
Question was put Viz: "Whether the same shall be accepted? 
Passed in the Affirmative also 

Voted, that a Copy of the foregoing Report & Vote thereon be 
taken & attested by the Town Clerk, & then delivered to each of 
the Gentlemen, who represent this Town in the General Assem- 
bly. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given hereby are given to 
the Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . the Moderator, for his good 
Services. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



Abbot, 19, 32, 33, 39, 64, 111, 151, 217, 218. 

Adams, 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 15, 20, 21,25, 26, 33, 
34, 37, 40, 45, 47, 48, 51, 52, 51. 02, 63, 65, 
69, 78, 83, 89, 90, 92, 93, 109, 111, 118, 120, 
129, 131, 136, 137, 141, 144, 146,147,148, 
149, 150, 151, 162, 166, 17, 168, 169, 172, 
173, 176, 177, 178, 183, 184, 185, 186, 188, 
190, 191, 193, 205, 207, a08, 211, 212, 214, 
215, 216, 217, 218, 219, 222, 224, 226, 233, 
253, 260, 265, 294, 295. 

Affrica, 133. 

Allen, 9. 41, 66, 112, 131, 153, 219. 

Alley, Hog, 116, 125, 126. 

Paddy's, 13, 23, 57, 61, 157, 165, 197, 198, 
199, 200, 201, 202. 

Alwin, 130. 

America, 22, 100, 102, 107, 132, 133, 139, 142, 

143, 147, 191, 192, 210, 212,236,256,260, 
276, 277, 298. 

America, British, 31. 

North, 174, 175. 
Amory, 36, 45, 74, 130, 131, 136, 151, 168, 241, 

m. 

Andrews, 6, 119, 166, 243. 

Appleton, 25, 72, 80, 82, 86, 93, 128, 129, 130, 

144, 167, 173, 183, 184, 191, 226, 231, 232, 
233, 235, 243, 261, 262, 264, 270, 273, 289, 
290. 

Archibald, 261. 
j Aspinwal, 198, 200, 201. 

( Aspinwull, 203. 

Atkins, 253, 279. 

Atkinson, 65, 73. 

Augsbourg, 160. 

Austin, 2, 6, S6, 45, 47, 54, 55, 56, 64, 72, 79, 
87, 110, 128, 131, 143, 151, 169, 182, 183, 
184, 194, 195, 206, 215, 216, 217, 219, 221, 
225, 226, 227, 229, 233, 234, 235, 270, 272, 
275 283. 

A very, 7, 34\ 72, 193, 197, 198, 207. 

Ayres, 112, 154, 206. 



Bacon, 79, 130, 167. 
Baker, 198, 200, 201. 
Balch, GO, 72. 
Baldwin, 112, 208. 
Buk-stoti, 55. 

< Baley, 241, 246, 254, 275, 292. 

( Bayley, 9, 41, 64, 06, 67, 75, 112, 154. 

Ball, 198, 199, 200, 202. 

Ballard, 9, 17, 41, 66, 87, 112, 116, 128, 154, 

220, 229, 260, 261, 262, 264, 271, 272, 275, 

284, 291. 

< Banot, 218, 245, 251. 
| Bannett, 242, 243. 

Bangs, 9, 42, 67, 113, 154, 217, 219, 220, 229, 

272. 

Bant, 115, 128, 275. 
Barber, H3, 226, 233, 249, 251, 253, 268, 270, 

275, 292. 

Barbour, 6, 44, 130, 206. 
Barnard, 155, 220. 
Barnes, 16. 
Barnet, 262. 
Barree, 10. 

I Barrel, 246, 251, 257, 259, 275, 283, 289. 
J Barrel!, 254, 290. 
Barret, 15, 36, 39, 64, 112, 119, 136, 206, 239, 

240, 251, 260, 261, 288, J70. 
Bairett, 5, 18, 49, 79, 110, 145, 151, K>>, 159, 
1U4, 172, 217, ^8,241, 2,'>l, i5i,28l,27i. 



( Bartlet, 271. 

/ Bartlett, 246. 

Bass, 9, 42, 67, 74, 113, 154, 155, 206, 220, 229, 
261,271,272,275. 

Baxter, 9, 42, 67, 113, 154. 

Bayler, 117. 

Bay, Massachusetts, 192, 247, 265, 266, 295. 

Beard, 155. 

Becker, 242. 

Belknap, 11,241,261,284. 

Bell, 79, 152, 218, 230, 243, 254, 287, 288. 

Beunet, 44, 68, 114, 115, 152, 218,230,232,271, 

273. 

( Benlley, 274, 277. 
\ Bently, 295. 

Bernard, 7, 10, 16, 42, 67, 103, 113, 230, 272. 

Beth une, 282. 

Bill, 152. 

Billings, 152, 161. 

Black, 126. 

Biackstoue, 97. 

Blaisdell, 75, 113, 154,272. 

Blake, 6, 44, 155, 156, 161, 168, 220, 229, 230,272. 

Blanchard, 25, 55, 130, 152, 189, 214, 244. 

Blin, 126. 

Boardman, 37, 64, 193. 

Bois, 175. 

Bollan, 10. 

Boreland, 213. 

Boston, 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 17, 18, 19, 21, 24, 26, 27, 
32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 46, 49, 63, 54, 61, 
62, 64,72,77,88,89,90,91,93,106, 
103, 110, 128, 129, 131, 132, 141, 
145, 146, 148, 150, 160, 162, 165, 
166, 167, 168, 172, 173, 174, 175, 
176, 179, 185, 187, 189, 195, 197, 
198, 199, 200, 201, 202, 205, 207, 
208, 210, 212, 214, 11, 222, 223, 
224, 225, 227, 233, 234, 236, 238, 
239, 243, 247, 249, 250, 259, 265, 
267, 269, 276, 277, 278, 280, 282, 
284, 287, 288, 291, 293, 295, 298, 
297. 
"West, 224. 

Bound, 220. 

Bourn, 25, 44, 45, 58, 59, 74. 

Boutineau, 79. 

Bowdoiu, 13, 18, 21, 24, 26, 33, 46, 51, 54, 78, 
130, 167, 176, 185, 244, 270. 

Bowen, 25, 53, 54, 79, 130, 217, 224, 227. 

Bowes, 19, 241, 274, 277, 291, 292, 293. 

Box, 166 

Boyer, 12, 46, 111, 182, 193, 206, 233, 259, 268, 
290. 

Boylston, 11, 37, 45, 88, 130, 163, 164,165, 173, 
183, 184, 194, 195, 206, 247, 263, 264. 

Boynton, 17, 36, 93, 167, 206, 233, 244. 

Brackett, 206. 

Bradford, 15, 17, 18, 55, 64, 74, 93, 116, 117, 
128, 136, 157, 168, 206, 220, 221, 222, 230, 

231, 233, 254, 261, 271, 273, 288. 
Bradstrect, 73, 114, 117. 
Braintree, 244. 

Brattle, 24, 130, 167. 
Breck, 65, 163. 

I Briant, 198, 200, 202. 

I Bryant, 202. 
Brick, 0. 

Bridge, Draw, 116, 127. 
Bridge, Mill, 11, 43, 6S, 114, 119, 127, 158, 221, 

232, 273. 



302 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 



Bridgham, 40. 

Brigclon, 77. 

Bright, 151. 

Brimmer, 77, 126, 152, 206, 219, 229, 241, 244, 

245, 254, 269, 271, 274, 275, 283, 292. 
Britain, 98, 102. 
Broadstreet, 282. 
Bromrield, 168, 206, 222, 231, 232, 239, 240, 

244, 251. 
Brookline, 198. 
Brown, 7, 22, 41, 69,71, 76, 79, 116, 119, 136, 

139, 150, 153, 158, 162, 179, 182, 183, 184, 

185, 206, 216, 219, 225, 226, 229, 232, 233, 

235, 240, 244, 253, 265, 268, 269, 270, 273, 

274, 282, 284. 
Bruce, 244. 
Bucknam, 221. 
Bultinch, 9, 41, 66, 112, 154, 168, 220, 229, 

272. 

Buller, 112. 
Bumstrad, 232. 
Burgess, 219. 
Bnrnet, 28. 
Burrell, 260. 
Burt, 253, 270. 
I Butler. 9, 41, 66, 154, 161, 220, 230, 273. 

Bultler, 229,272. 
Byles, 25, 52, 54, 78, 130, 157, 158, 167, 281. 

Cabbot, 221. 

Calf, 166. 

Call, 263. 

Calender, 151, 260, 290, 291, 292. 

Cambridge, 10, 14, 19, 208, 209, 211, 212. 

Cammel, 11. 

Cape Ann, 131. 

Capen, 11,281. 

Carnes, 25, 241, 243, 275, 284. 

Carolina, South, 130. 

Carson, 130. 

Carter, 24, 58, 82, 140, 180, 252, 286, 295. 

Cartwright, 242. 

Cary, 65, 111,241,282. 

Castle, The, 3, 4. 

William, 4, 84, 103. 
Cnzneau, 40, 112, 161, 274. 
Champney, 9, 41, 66, 112, 114, 153, 155, 229, 

241, 272. 
Chancey, 51. 

Chauncey, 21, 51, 52, 78, 130, 167, 172. 
, Chauncy, 54, 183. 
Chapman, 44. 
Charlfgtown, 10, 12, 20, 179,187, 188, 211, 

223. 

Chase, 114, 117, 155, 205, 206. 
Checkley, 24. 

Cheever, 111, 165, 206, 219, 254. 
Cherdon, 1. 
Childa, 74. 
Chrislie, 260.-" 

Chnrch, 2, 7, 41, 47, 48, 51, 52, 63, 69, 80, 89, 
90, 92, 93, 10$, 109, 116, 118, 129, 
136, 149, 150, 153, 161, 168, 169, 
177, 183, 191, 194, 195, 196, 206, 
207, 211, 215, 216, 219, 229,233, 
254, 274. 

Old Bouth, 52, 119, 162.' 
Clap, 198,200,201, 203. 
Clark, 42, 67, 113, 144, 145, 146, 148, 154, 

246,253,271. 
Clarke, 145, 147. 
Cleverly, 218. 
Clough, 11, 19, 151,243. 
Cobb, 111, 181,243,261. 
Cobbct, 230, 273. 
Cobourn, 64. 
Coffin, 36, 126, 130, 151. 
Cogswell, 11. 
Colburne, 241. 
College, Harvard, 27. 
Collins, 0, 41, 68, 112, 113, 153, 154, 219, 229, 

272. 

Coleon, 154, 218, 220, 228, 229, 232, 246, 284, 
272, 275, 277, 292. 



Common, The, 23, 24, 46, 57, 53, 71, 77, 81, 
82, 118, 126, 140, 160, 180, 181, 
209, 210, 252, 256, 286. 
Boston, 209. 

Concord, 222, 224. 

Condy, 192, 206,229, 274. 

Connecticut, 5, 14, 34, 35, 36, 39, 61, 62, 64, 
108, 110, 179. 

Conway, 19. 

Cook, 131, 220, 230, 272. 

Coolidge, 112. 

Cooper, 1, 5, 6, 9, 25, 37, 39, 40, 47, 51, 53, 54, 
64, 65, 79, 87, 110, 111, 129, 130, 136, 150, 
151,158,167, 172, 173, 177, 198,201,203, 
207, 215, 216, 217, 226, 227, 228, 233, 235, 
244,269,271,287. 

Copeland, 62, Ittl, 246, 260. 
I Copely, 111." 
iCoply, 1,126. 

Cornhi'll, 158, 159. 

Cotta, 9, 42, 67, 113, 154, 220, 230, 272. 

Cotton, -155. 

County of Suffolk, 198, 200. 

County Watch, 8. 
I Coverlcy, 68, 114, 230. 
I Coverly, 152, 218, 230, 271. 

Cowell, 10, 42, 52, 67, 113, 154, 220, 230, 272. 

Crafts, 9, 14, 42, 66, 113, 151, 154, 182, 183, 184, 
185, 205,218, 220, 228,229,233,253,254, 
271, 274, 27S, 279, 281, 283, 287, 289, 290. 

Creek, The Mill, 127. 

Cn-que, 79. 

Crosswell, 54. 

Cudworth, 261,277." 

CumbtT, 161. 

Cummings, 16. 

Cunningham, 25, 36. 

Curtis, 10, 42, 43, 67, 168, 181, 261. 

Cushing, 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 10, 14, 19, 21, 22, 26, 32, 
34, 37, 39, 52, 53, 54, 63, 69, 78, 83, 90, 109, 
l'-9, 131, 150, 159, 166, 173, 175, 17*, 183, 
184, 190, 191, 198, 200, 205, 21], 226, 227, 

232, 233, 235, 239, 269, 277, 20, 289, 291, 
294. 

Dabney, 75. 

Dalton,158, 264. 

Dalrymple, 3, 4, 8, 9, 10, 15. 

Dana, 14, 19, 20, 22, 25, 34, 35, 36, 39, 44, 46, 

47,48,52,62, 63,72. 
Danforth, 281. 

Dash wood, 15, 18, 241, 243, 279, 284, 289. 
Davis, 25, 36, 40, 74, 93, 115, 128, 136, 151, 157, 

168, 198, 200, 201, 203, 206, 213, 218, 222, 

228, 233,235, 244, 261, 262, 264, 271, 275, 

281, 284. 

(Dawes, 117. 
Daws, 6, 9, 11, 13, 22, 37, 40, 42, 45, 47, 56, 
58, 59, 60,65,71, 72, 74, 113, 119, 130, 
136, 141, 151, 157, 168, 182, 221, 222, 
241, 242,244, 249,251, 253, 254, 256,257, 
266, 273, 275, 278, 292. 
Debany, 68. 
Deberdt, 10. 
Delaware, 263. 
Demauroy, 292, 293. 
Demming, 79. 
Dennie, 13, 37, 80, 86, 93, 109, 130, 168, 173, 

233, 244. 
Deshon, 7, 41. 
Doane, 263. 

Dock, The, 35, 37, 38, 71, 74, 158, 189, 192, 

197, 212, 213, 222. 
Town, 35, 37, 38, 68, 158, 189, 208. 
Dodge, 201, 202. 
j Dogget, 79, 254. 
JDoggett, 151. 

Dolbear, 5, 39, 64, 110, 151, 213, 217, 227, 274. 
Doll, 181. 
Dommet, 40. 
Dorchester, 179, 198, 200. 
Dorr, 11, 17,217, 223, 241, 244, 251, 265, 268, 

270, 291. 
Dow, 06, 67. 



INDEX or NAMES. 



303 



Downe, 22, 69, 116, 153, 219, 229, 274. 

Drown, 37. 

Dumaresque, 36, 115, 128. 

Dupce, 6, 44, 68, 114, 161. 

Durant, 126. 

Dyer, 9, 42, 66, 67, 113, 154. 

Eaton, 43. 

Edes, 42, 67, 113, 154, 220, 229, 243, 246, 277, 

296. 

Edmunds, 9, 41, 66, 112, 153. 
Edwards, 153, 166, 277, 281. 
Eliot, 25, JO, 54, 65, 78, 130, 150, 167, 269. 
Ellis, 10,42, 67, 113, 154. 
Etninons, 13, 23, 53, 54, 57, 61, 157, 198, 200, 

201, 202. 
End, North, 24, 57, 58, 81, 82, 140. 

South, 1S8. 
England, 15, 17, 18, 29, 34, 47, 91, 97, 98, 102, 

105, 132, 148. 
< Ervin, 167. 

I ErvinK, 24, 54, 78, 130, 134, 168, 282. 
Europe, 160. 
Eustia, 55, 253. 254. 
Eyres, 9, 41, 66. 



( Fallas, 261. 

) Fallass, 12, 19, 274, 277, 284. 
Pali-field, 7, 3 f. 
Faneuil, 36, 144, 145, 146, 148. 
Farnum, 220, 230, 272. 
Faxon, 168. 
Fayerweather, 35, 214. 
Fellons, 244. 

Follows, 254, 270, 271, 279. 
Felton, 198, 2oO, 201, 203. 
Fenno, 12, 43, 70, 115, 118, 141, 156, 170, 171. 
Fenton, 168. 

Ferry, Charlestown, 193. 
Finch, 29. 
Fitch, 13, 55, 79. 
Flatts, Town's, 157. 
Fleet, 243, 254, 275. 
Fletcher, 36, 198, 199, 200, 202. 
Flood, 75, 113, 165, 220, 229, 230, 272. 
Flucker, 24, 78. 
Ford. 220, 229, 272. 

Fortification, The, 44, 51, 79, 165, 168, 169. 
Foster, 7, 43, 67, 206, 217, 244, 263, 274. 
Fowle, 40. 

Foye, 68, 114, 218, 230, 271. 
Franklyn, 10. 
Fnitlinxham, 179. 
Frazier, 65, 292. 
Freeman, 217, 228, 273. 
Frobisher, 36, 260, 296. 
Fullerton, 114, 155^ 

Case, 207, 209, 221, 278. 
Gale, 65. 

Gardener, 203. 

Gardiner, 70. 

Gardner, 9, 17, 18, 34, 36, 139, 197, 198, 200, 

201, 222, 235. 

Gay, 11, 40, 43, 65, 68, 111, 114, 130, 151, 156. 
Gcduey, 197, 198, 199, 200, 201, 202, 260. 
Geer, 40. 
Germany, 160. 
Gidney, 232, 241, 274. 
Gill, 6, 9, 22, 79, 131, 168, 206. 
Godney, 199. 

Goldthwait, 2, 11, 21, 25, 37, 45, 48, 54, 74, 77, 
119, 127, 131, 136, 137, 155, 156, 158, 163, 
165, 167, 169, 170, 189, 192, 214, 222. 
Gooch, 275, 277. 
Goodini*, 19. 
Goodwin, 167. 
< Gordon, 79. 
1 Gordon, 167. 
Gore, 5, 39, 40, 64, 111, 151. 
Granary, The, 11, 12, 43, 68, 70, 114, 115, 156, 

169, 170, 171,221,231, 273. 
Grant. 3'i. 4'\ 205, 229, 241, 253, 270, 275. 
Graves, 221. 



Gray, 7, 10, 11, 13, 43, 45, 54, 55, 61, C5, 

68, 72, 74, 78, 79, 80, 112, 118, 119. 
136, 153, 219,228,239,241, 242, 247, 
254, 2i8, 266, 26J, 270, 273, 274, 278, 
284, 289, 290, 291. 
( Greanleaf, 75, 152, 182. 
Greanleaff, 1, 2, 5, 8, 34, 39, 44, 47, 64, 
75, 77, 80, 86, 93, 110, 1H, 118, 125, 
131. 

Greenleaf, 151, 168, 183, 186, 191, 206, 
217, 218, 222, 230, 232, 233, 235, 244. 
Greenleaff, 51,236, 239, 240, 242, 247, 
\ 260, 264, 271, 277, 281, 287, 288. 
Greaton, 198, 200, 201, 203. 
Green, 36, 45, 49, 55, 73, 79, 126, 151, 161, 
221,229, 232, 261,262,264,272, 273, 
291,296. 

Great Britain, 16, 20, 34, 50, 83, 81, 89, 97 
101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 124, 132, 133, 
183, 235, 237. 
Greenough, 55, 184, 206, 219, 220, 228, 

253, 270, "271, "274, 288. 
GrenougnTB, 9, 40, 41, 65, 66, 111, 112, 

151, 153. 
Greenwood, 19, 79. 



, 67, 
130, 
24*. 

282, 



129, 
207, 
254, 



220, 
2S2, 



, 98, 
174, 



240, 
136, 



Grey, 24. 
Gridley, 77. 
Gunter, 81. 



( Hail, 6, 44, 68, 114, 152, 218, 246. 
{ Hale, 8. 
Haias, 263. 

Hall, 217, 228, 254, 260, 275, 291. 
Hall, Faneuil, 1, 2, 5, 17, 19, 21, 32, 34, 35, 36, 
48, 53, 61, 62, 64. 77, 88, 89, 91, 93, 108, 
110, 128, 141, 145, 146, 147, 148, 150, 162, 
166, 172, 178, 185, 190, 196, 205, 207, 2n8, 
212, 214, 216, 222, 223, 224, 259, 266, 267, 
269, 277, 230, 2s2, 2S7, 288, 291, 293, 296, 
297. 

Hallowell, 80, 82, 83. 
Hamlin, 272. 
I Hammatt, 114, 152. 
I Hainmett, 68, 127, 152, 218, 229. 
Hancock, 2, 3, 5, 6. 8, 10, 13, 15, 21, 26, 34, 35, 
36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 47, 48, 51, 52, 53, 62, 63, 

64, 65, 71, 72, 75, 77, 78, 85, *7, 88, 93, 94, 
108, 109, 110, 111, 127, 12S, 129, 131, 141, 
144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 162, 
165, 166, 163, 185, 185. 190, 191, 194, 195, 
193,205, 206,211, 215,216, 217,218, 220, 
226, 227, 228, 229, 233, 271, 272, 282, 284, 
293, 294, 296, 297. 299. 

Ham?, 33, 41, 69 116, 153, 219, 229, 241, 260, 

272, 274. 
Harrod, 11. 

Harskins, 9, 42, 67, 113. 
Hart, 253. 

Hartwick, 159, 164, 169, 171. 
Hankins, 154. 
Hatch, 200, 241, 278. 
Hatfield, 16. 
Havard, 200. 
Hay den, 42, 67, 113. 
Hayward. 203. 
Heath, 179, 253. 
Hclyer, 271. 

Henderson, 41, 68, 118, 153, 258, 290, 296. 
Henley, 161. 
Henry, 198, 200, 202. 

Henshaw, 2, 3, 5, 8, If), 21, 22, 33, 39, 45, 48, 
78, 182, 183, 184, 18.3. 

( Hewes, 241, 245, 264, 270. 

{ Hews, 71, 76, 111. 
Hill, 6, 7, 12. 14, 17, 36, 40, 44, 45, 58, 59, 50, 

65, 72, 77, 80, 87, 93, 110, 111, 116, 117, 
128, 150, 155, 156. 157, 159, Ifi5, 168, 170, 
182, 183, 284, 185, 197, 198, 221, 236, 245, 
246. 

Hill, Beacon, 72, 80, 90, 91, 125, 172, 17!), 196. 
Hill, Fort, 171. 
llillsburrough, 84. 

Hitchburne, 232, 233, 235, 236, 239, 241, 243, 
253, 254, 263, 269, 270, 292. 



304 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 



Hobby, 201,202. 

Bodging, 261. 

llujgilc u, 2JO. 

lT;,ih{ on, 2)0. 

Hnlhroke, 57. 

Hulbrook, 23, 81, 118, 134, 140, 141, 172, 180, 

181,252, 286, 295. 

Holland, 11, 41, 66, 112, 154, 220, 229, 272. 
Hollyday, 7, 41, 68, 69, 118, 153, 258. 
I Holmes, 17,66, 113. 
I Hoines. 6, 11, 13, 42, 47, 68, 154. 
Homer, 52, 136, 168, 254. 
Honeywell, 254. 
Hood, 25. 
Hooton, 217. 

Hopkins, 111, 161, 206, 228, 232, 253. 
House, Alms, 11, 12, 25, 45, 46, 56, 69, 71, 74, 
1)6. 117, 157, 161, 214, 222, 251, 
257, 294, 295, 296. 
Byles's Meeting, 224. 
Custom, 50, 94.~ 

Old Brick Meeting, 76, 227, 230, 233, 
234, 23, 247, 249, 250, 265, 267, 
268. 
Old South Meeting, 62, 71, 109, 149, 

177,215. 

New Southern Watch, 51. 
Powder, 44. 

Province, 147, 277. 
Bewall's Meeting, 3, 62, 
State, 2->7. 

Town, 14,129,166,282. 
Watertown Meeting, 226. 

Work, 71. 
J How, 167, 179. 
/ Howe, 257. 
Howard, 9, 25,45, 54, 66, 112, 130, 154, 167 ,> 

198, 20t, 219, 229, 241, 272. 
Hubbard, 24, 54, 70, 78, 79, 86, 115, 128, 130, 

136,139,273,281. 
Hudson, 179, 196, 254. 
Hnahes, 65. 
Hum, 23, 40,48, 57, 6i, 79,81, 130,140, 158, 

107, 180, 252, 286, 293, 295. 
Iluntt-r, 224. 

liutchinson, 79, 90,92, 136, 144, 145, 146, 148, 
281. 

Inches, 2, 5, 39, 48, 52, 63, 71, 72, 75, 112, 11<>, 
128, 130, 143, 167, 173, 183, 184, 254,257, 
277, 278. 

Indies, West, 174. 

Ingersol, 254. 

lugrahnm, 152, 229. 

Ireland, 46, 50, 98. 

Irving, 36, 130. 

Island, Castle, 15, 16, 21. 

Island, Noddles, 278. 

Island, Rhode, 5, 14, 17, 34, 35, 36, 39, 61, 62, 
04, 108, 110, 133,174. 

Ivers, 25, 206, 24S. 

Jackson, 2, 5, 7, 11, 15, 16, 21, 36, 37, 39, 43, 
48, 53, 61, 63. 64, 68,73, 114, 130, 136, 156, 
158, 167, 172, 198,200, 202,214,221, 231, 
244, 245, 254, 269, 282, 288. 

Jarvis, 118, 120, 183, 206, 235, 242. 

Jay), County, 8. 

Jeffries, 6, 1 1 , 24, 25, 39, 40, 45, 56, 58, 63, 65, 
74, 82,87, 111, 117, 131, 134, 141, 152, 157, 
161, 162, 171, 179, 181, 183, 184, 185, 218, 
226, 228, 231, 235, 236, 273, 282, 284, 286, 
287, 294, 295. 

Jenkins, 9, 25, 42, 67, 113, 154, 241. 

Jennings, 11, 243. 

Jepson', 200, 263, 292. 

Johnson, 156, 206, 219, 244. 

Johonnot, 25, 116, 128. 

Jones, 36,40, 79,152. 
J Joy, 9, 42, 66, 113, 130, 154, 158. 
) Joye, 152. 

Knst, 282. 
Kemble, 19. 



Kent, 22, 44, 47, 48, 49, 72, 117, 118,126, 155, 
157, 158, 160, 168, 169, 191, 239, 247, 248, 
249, 261, 26V?, 264,266, 2b7, 275, 2J7, 28o, 
283, 291, 294. 

Kilson, 1. 

Kimble, 151,260. 

Kneeland, 7, 41, 69, 112, 116, 254. 

Knox, 9, 42, 65, 67, 113, 154, 232. 

Lambert, 220, 229, 240, 253,271, 272, 277. 
Lane, Cold, 164. 

Leveret's, 45. 
Long, 45. 

Langdbn, 63, 114, 155. 
Lathrop, 166, 167. 
Laughton, 7, 11, 79, 1C8. 
Leach, 136, 167. 

Leonard, 11,43, 68,114,156,171,221,231,273. 
( leveret, 5, 39, 43, 64, 68, 111, 114, 156, 172, 
) 217,221,227,231. 
{ Leverett, 151, 251, 290. 
( Leverit, 130. 
Lewis, 36. 
Liddlc, 55. 
Li Hie, 16. 
Lloyd, 79, 161,281. 
Lock, 95, 96. 

London, 15, 18, 142, 163, 164, 165. 
Loring, 117, 155, 243, 289. 
Lothrop, 25, 130. 
Love, 112. 
Lovel, 23, 48, 43,51, 52, 57, 58, 81, 82, 110, 

140, 155, 169, 180. 
LovelJ, 23. 

Low, 9, 42, 6ti, 113, 154. 
/Lowder, 36, 153, 182, 219, 229, 261, 274. 
* Lowell, 17, 36, 254, 275. 

Lucas, 10, 11,42, 43, 46, 67, 68, 73, 113, 114, 

155, 156, 221, 231, 254,273. 
Ludson, 130. 
Lush, 281. 
Lyde, 25, 130. 

I Maekay, 93, 116, 128, 168, 182, 183, 184, 226. 
\ Makay, 233, 254, 270. 
Maeazine, The, 209. 
Mall, The, 126. 
Manwarren, 50. 
Marblehead, 173, 174, 256. 
Market, Faneuil Hal), 35, 213, 265,296, 297. 
Murlburrouah, 16. 
Marshall, 6/25, 39, 40,46, 64, 65, 90, 92, 109, 

110,111, 131,147,150, 151, 158, 168, 169, 

179, 193, 194, 195, 198, 205, 216, 217, 227, 

228. 

Marston, 206, 245, 278. 
Martin, J3, 68, 253, 274. 
Mason, 2,5,6,21,39,48,71, 75,119,130,143, 

172, In3, 184, 185, 193, 206, 218, 227, 242, 

249, 250, 260, 265, 266, 270, 280, 282, 287, 

288. 

Masters, 9, 42, 67, 113, 154, 220, 230, 272. 
Mather, 2o, 39, 54, 79, 128, 130, 167, 183, 190, 

234, 282. 
Matchet,244. 
Matthews, 79. 

May, 181, 182, 193, 241, 243, 244, 246. 
McClane, 166. 

McFadden, 114, 155, 220, 230, 272. 
Mclntyre, 36N^ 
MeMasters, 16. 
McNeil, 151,292. 
Muars, 198, 200, 201, 203. 
Mcdford, 223. 
Mein, 16. 
Melvil, 152^- 
M erriam . 202. 
Merrit, 43, 67. 
MeuUn, 161. 
Middlesex, 209. 
Miller, 159. 
Mills, The Grist, 49. 
Milton, 144, 145,146, 175. 
MiBsling, 167. 



INDEX or NAMES. 



305 



Mollinoaux, 93. 

Moilineux, 2, 3, 8, 15, 16, 1, 21, 34, 54, 63, 
70,72.73,80, 10J, 1:51,139,144, 149, 168, 
173, 177, 183, 224, 242, 274. 
Monk, 150, 157,215, 216, 269. 
Morehead, 54^, 
Morgan, 220, 230. 
Morion, 233, 235, 236, 239, 270, 283. 



Nazro, 40, 152,218. 
Neck, Boston, 138, 171, 189, 193. 
Dorchester, 181. 

The, 79, 86, 87, 138, 171, 210, 211, 256. 
New Boston, 118. 
Newell, 42, 75, 90, 92, 110, 119, 129, 131, 150, 

155, 166, IriS, 169, 194, 195, 198, 213, 217, 

227, 231, 243, 254, 273, 284. 
New England, 19, '75,247. 
New Hampshire, 5. 14, 17, 34,35,36, 39, 61, 

62, 64, 105, 108, 110. 
Newman, 202. 
Newton, 79. 
New York, 3, 103, 106. 
Nichols, 9, 41, <)6, 112, 153. 
Noland, 9, 42, 67, 113, 154. 
Norwood, 281. 
Nova Scotia, 130. 
Nowcll, 10, 67, 113. 
Noyes, 7, 41, 44, 64, 69, 72, 116, 168, 197, 

198, 207, 261. 

Oliver, 19, 54, 70, 139, 187. 
f Otis, 22, 24, 53, 61, 90, 92, 93, 109, 110, 118, 
{ 1:30, 196, 205, 207, 2 It, 236, 251. 
t,Otti, 127. 
Owen, 9, 42, 67, 113, 154, 220, 230, 272. 



Paddock, 6, 40, 42, 64, 65, 71, 72, 111, 130, 

136, 151. 

Page, 42, 66, 113, 154, 220, 229, 260, 272. 
Pain, 49. 

Payne, 49, 54, 111, 117, 120, 128, 136, 138, 
156, 157, 16*. 167, 170, 174, 182, 246, 251, 
254, 257, 261,262, 264, 270, 275,289,290. 
Palfrey, 36. 
Palmer, 159. 
Palms, 40. 

Parker, 7, 19, 40, 65, 153, 203, 254, 281, 293. 
Parkraan, 131, 152, 207, 229, 241, 260, 274. 
Parks, 42, 67, 113, 154, 220. 
Partridge, 5, 39, 64, 111, 151, 182, 183, 184, 

193/206, 217, 227, 242, 270. 
Paxton, 142. 
Payde, 115. 

Payson, 45, 47, 59, 60, 70, 73. 
Pease, 10, 42, 67, 113, 154. 
Peck, 36, 86, 113. 155. 
Pecker, 7, 41, 69, 116, 219, 229. 
< Pf-irce, 182,260,288. 
t Pierce, 206, 243. 
Peii point, 1, 13, 69, 77, 115, 117, 119, 120, 

128, 168. 

Pierpoint, 86, 165, 168, 278. 
Peirpont, 22, 93. 
Pelham, 1. 

Pembe.:on, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 18, 20, 33, 39, 46, 
47, 48, 52, 54, 63, 64, 73, 79, 110, 130, 149, 
150, 167, 197, 198, 216. 
Perkins, 6, 43, 68, 79, 281. 
Perron, 114. 
Perry, 281. 

Philadelphia, 143, 167. 
f Philips, 190, 235. 

Phillips, 2, 3, 5, S, 10, 13, 17, 19, 20, 33, 34, 
37, 42, 55, 61, 54, 67, 72. 77, 78, 83, 86, 90, 
92, 110, 128, 129, 131, 132, 137, 141, 149, 
151, 162, 165, 166, 168, 169, 172, 173,183, 
184,185, 186, 191, 192, 193, 194, 195, 205, 
217, 227, 228, 232, 233, 234, 235, 270, 279, 
I 281,283. 
Pickering, 243. 

Pico, '.:,42, 67, 113, 154, 220, 230, 260, 272. 
Pitts, 11, 24, 45, 48, 54, 74, 78, 80, 86, 110, 112, 



119, 130, 144, 147, 150, 151, 167, 
173, 191, 194, 195, 205, 206, 2u7, 
216, 217, 219, 226, 2 7, U'29, 233, 
283, 268, 270, 274, 282, 284, 291. 

Plymouth, 255. 

Pollar.228. 

Pollard, 218. 

Pond, Krog, 125. 

Pond, Mill. 14. 

Potter, 10, 42, 67. 

Powell, 93, 130, 144, 173, 206, 227, 
236, 244, 254, 263, 270. 

Pownal, 7, 10. 

Prentice, 156, 229, 274. 

Preston, 19, 47, 49, 62, 6U, 65, 108, 
148, 149, 150, 157, 182, 193, 214, 
225, 226, 245, 254, 268, ->69, 273. 

Price, 17, 54, 58, 59, 60, 117, 157, 
222, 231, 241, 242, 244, 249, 251, 
260, 266, 273, 275, 284, 289, 290, 
293, 294. 

Prichard, 220, 230, 272. 

Prince, 25, 65, 111, 136, 151, 205,217, 
260, 263, 279. 

i Procter, 25, 81, 111, 136, 140, 151, 
184, 227, 228, 232, 233, 251, 270 
Proctor, 23, 57, 184, 206, 217. 
Providence, 278, 279. 
Province of Mass. Bay, 85, 175, 198 
I Pulcifer, 67, 114, 155. 
} Pulsifer, 43. 

Pulling, 6, 127, 151, 193, 206, 217, 
271. 



169, 
244J 



233, 235, 



100, 
21.-), 



110, 
216, 

165, 

2i7, 
,292, 



241, 254, 



182, 
, 271, 



183, 
275. 



228, 233, 



Quincey, 169, 173. 

Quincy, 10, 20, 22, 79. 80, 93,131, 136, 157, 
168, 183, 184, 185, 186, 197, 198, 221, 230. 



Ranmell, 161. 
Rand, 36, 281. 
Randolph, 207, 209, 211. 
Ranger, 42, 66, 112, 154, 226, 229, 272. 
4 Read, tfS. 
) Reed, 249.- 
Reveire, 136, 281. 
Reverie, 205. 

Reviere, 175, 182, 206, 228, 233, 271. 
Rice, 6. 
Richardson, 6, 40, 65, 111, 115, 120, 126, 128, 

164, 366, 183, 184, 185, 193, 288. 
Richmond, 19. 

SUidgaway, 43. 
Ridtjeway, 67. 
Ridgway, 36, 217, 228, 275. 
Roberts, 270. 
Robinson, 179. 
Robson, 15. 
Roby, 19. 

Rogers, 2, 11, 16, 42, 66, 75, 112, 113, 154, 155, 
220, 221, 229, 230, 246, 272, 273, 277, 288. 
Rowe, 6, 13, 20, 40, 55, 65, 72, 77, 80, 82, 86, 
115, 128, 136, 1S6, 158, 159, 163, 164, 185, 
170, 173, 176, 183, 184, 214. 
Roxbury, 10, 167, 179, 198, 200. 
Ruddock, 2, 5, 13, 20,33, 37, 38, 39, 47. 48, 51, 
64, 68, 69, 189, 205, 206, 218, 228, 23'2, 233, 
258. 

Ruggles, 7, 17, 112, 198, 201, 203, 287. 
Runk, 224. 
Ruesel, 221,271,273. 
Russell, 43, 117, 120, 142, 145, 230, 254, 
260, 261, 262, 264. 



Salem, 173, 174, 176, 192, 209, 250, 251, 255. 
Salmon, 6, 43, 68. 
Salsbury, 17. 

( Salt, 9, 42, 67, 113. 

I Sault, 154, 220, 230, 272. 
Sailer, 7, 37, 41, 61, 77, 112, 221, 230. 
Paunders, 230. 273. 
Savage, 7, 41, 68, 69, 118, 153, 258, 290. 



306 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 



School, North Grammar, 23, 25, 55, 57,79,81, 

131, 140, 158, 168, 180. 
Writing, 23, 25, 55, 79, 131, 

140, 18, ISO, 252, 286. 
South, 134. 

South Grammar, 23, 25, 55, 57, 58, 79, 
81, 131, 140, 168, 180, 252, 280, 
293. 

Writing, 25, 55, 79, 131, 172. 
Writing, 23, 24, 25, 55, 57, 58, 79, 81, 
82, 118, 131, 140, 168, 180, 181, 252, 
286. 

Scollay, 5, 6, 37, 40, 55, 65, 75, 78, 79, 109, 
110, 111, 131,138,147, 149, 150,151, 158, 
167, 168, 1G9, 171, 179, 182, 188, 189, 190, 
192, 193, 194, 195, 198,214, 216, 217,227, 
| 228, 234. 239, 170, 271, 283, 299. 
| Scolley, 164. 
Scotland , 104. 

Scott, 1, 37, 79, 130, 147, 1R8, 201, 202. 
Searl, 130, 155, 220, 230, 272. 
Bears, 152, 277, 279, 281. 
Hoi ben, 273. 
Sellen, 155. 
Sergeant , 9, 278. 
Service, 232. 
Sethrigg, 112. 
Hover, 151,290. 
Scward, 73. 

Sharp, 111, 183, 184, 253, 292. 
Shaw, 12, 40, 65, 111, 151, 217, 241, 253, 260, 

270, 271, 275, 287. 
Bheaff, 25. 
Shepherd, 217, 228. 
( Sherburn,201, 202. 

j Shurburne, 198, 202, 219, 229, 242, 260, 274. 
( Shurburne, 76. 
( Sigoney, 260, 292, 296. 
j Sigorney, 43, 73. 
( Sigourney, 6". 
Siinms, 10, 42, 67, 114. 
( Sim bins, 270. 
\ Simpkins, 17, 201, 202, 275. 
Simons, 155. 
Simson, 213. 
Skillins, 9, 41. 

Skinner, 1 1 , 43, 68, 114, 156, 221, 232, 273. 
4 Sloan, 228, 241, 260, 275. 
/ Sloane, 217. 
Smith, 13, 25, 39, 40, 55, 79, 114, 159, 167, 173, 

192,221,251,263,270. 
Snelling, 114, 155. 
Soames, 193. 
Soley, 193. 

Spear, 1, 9, 42, 52, 67, 113, 154. 
Square, Dock, 158, 171, 178, 189, 197, 212. 
i Stevenson, 246. 
t Stevinson, 271. 
8tillman,54. 
Stinreon, 232, 241. 

Stoddard, 43, 67, 200, 202, 221, 230, 254,273,277. 
Btodder, 198. 
Storer, 25, 34, 39, 45, 52, 63, 64, 71, 72, 128, 

130, 227, 231, 232, 2il, 273. 
Stow, 222. 
Street, Ann, 35, 53, 197, 198, 199, 200, 201, 

202, 213. 
Atkinson, 61. 
Cross, 224. 
Friend, 119, 164. 
Kilby, 134. 

King, 1, 13, 16, 134, 142, 224. 
Middle, 53, 197, 198, 199, 200, 201,202. 
Milk, 61, 80, 82, 159. 
^ewbury, 126. 
Pleasant, 76, 134. 

Queen, 23, 24, 25, 55, 57, 58, 79, 81, 82, 
117, 120, 131, 140, 168, 180, 252, 
286. 

Sea, 119, 137. 
South, 134. 

Sndbury, 14, 119, 159, 164. 
Union, 3o, 119, 159, 164,213. 
Winter, 126. 



Sturgis, 261. 
Suffolk County, 198, 200. 
Stunner, 198, 200, 201, 203, 254, 277. 
Button, 261. 
Swan, 152, 219, 221. 
Sweden, 108. 

Sweetser, 12, 43, 47, 51,68, 87, 93,114, 119, 
130, 136, 156, 221, 227, 231, 233, 244, 261, 
262, 264, 270, 273. 
Swift, 25, 48, 86, 117, 118, '224. 
"Sy mines, 152, 166, 220, v20, 230. 
Symms, 6, 9,41, 44, 66, 68, 112, 114, 232, 271, 

272. 
Syms, 153, 218, 241. 



Tavern, Larnb, 224. 

Koyal Exchange, 225. 
The Green Dragon, 159. 

(Tayler, 112. 

j Taylor, 16. 
Temple, 54. 
Tbacher, 225, 226. 
Thayer, 9, 41, 66, 112, 153, 155, 220. 
Thomas, 6, 44, 68, 114, 152, 218, 230, 271. 
Thompson, 114. 
Thornburne, 241. 
Tileston, 23, 24, 39, 55, 57, 58, 76, 81, 82, 140, 

180, 232, 252, 254, 271, 286, 289, 295. 
Ty lesion, 228. 
Todd, 120, 218. 
Told, 152. 
Tomes, 156. 
Tompson, 254, 261. 

I Topliff, 198. 

( Toplift, 200, 201, 203. 

j Torrey, 36, 2ti4. 

I Torry, 277. 

Townsend, 9, 41, 66, 112, 154. 
Treat, 25. 
Trecothick, 10. 
Trott, 36. 

Tuckerman, 168, 243. 
Tuder, 11, 17, 43, 68, 72, 86, 119. 
Tudor, 114, 136, 197, 198, 280. 
Tufts, 219, 281. 
Turell, 36. 
Twing, 111. 
Tyler, 5, 6, 33, 35, 39, 40, 54, 61, 65, 111, 151, 

198, 199, 2UO, 201, 20'2, 203, 213, 224, 245. 
Tyleston. (See Tileston.) 



United States, 276, 279, 281, 291, 293, 298. 
Uran, 42, 66, 112, 154, 220, 229, 161, 272. 
Usher, 6, 44, 68, 114. 



Vergoose, 9, 41, 66, 112, 153. 
Vernon, 36, 136, 168, 182, 183, 184, 206, 253, 
279, 288. 

I Verstille, 217. 

i Vestille,228. 
Virginia, 134. 
Vose, 114, 155. 



Wakefield, 271. 

Waldo, 5, 6, 39, 40, 47, 48, 64, 65, 111, 136, 
151, 182, 193,206, 217, 227, 228, 241, 255. 

Wales, 65, 220, 229, 271, 272. 

Walker, 9, 41, 66, 112, 153, 157. 

Wall, 281. 

Wallace, 1, 6. 

Walley, 25,260, 261, 262, 264, 289, 290. 

"Wallis, 7. 

Wane, 166. 

Ward, 219. 

Wardell, 161. 

Wnrdcn, 114, 155, 221. 

Warren, 3, 8, 13, IS, 22, 34, 37, 46, 47, 48, 51, 
62, 63, 80, 89, 90. 92, 93, 109, 118, 129, 131, 
144, 148, 149, 168, 169, 173, 176, 18V, 1-3, 
184, 185, 191, 194, 19j, 2U6, 207, 211, 215, 
218. 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



307 



Washington, 228, 232, 2:36. 
Water-bouse, 4. 
Watch, The, 51. 
Waterman, 10, 42, 67, 113, 155. 
Waters, 25, 74. 
Watertown, 8, 10, 225, 234. 
Wears, 272. 

Webb, 217, 228, 245, 271. 
Welch, 243, 246. 
( Welles, 198. 

1 Wells, 6, 37, 44, 68, 111, 114, 152, 197, 218, 
( 230, 235, 236, 253, 254, 271. 
Wend. II, 6, 40, 65, 77, 93, 110, 111, 131, 147, 

151, 169, 173, 174, 179, 182, 194, 195, 205, 

211, 217, 227, 233, 235, 243, 270, 283, 284, 

291. 

Wenthrop, 1. 
Wentworth, 281. 
Westminster, 104. 
Wharff, Hancock's, 88. 

Wheelwright's, 21. 
Wheatley, 7. 

Wheeler, 11, 43, 68, 114, 155. 
Wheelwright, 9, 42, 67, 113, 154,261. 
White, 5, 9, 39, 40, 42, 52, 64, 67, 111, 113, 151, 

154, 156, 182, 183, 184, 192, 217, 221, 227, 

231, 232, 270, 273, 277. 



White well, 22. 
Whiting, 19. 

Whitwel, 170, 172, 182, 193, 206, 217, 222. 
Whitwell, 2, 5, 6, 15, 39, 58, 59, 60, 64, 69, 
72, 110, 111, 119, 147, 151, 156, 158, 193, 
206, 212, 214, 223, 227, 249, 270. 
k Whiteworth, 282. 
) Whitworth, 282. 

Williams, 10, 16, 25, 42, 43, 45, 47, 56, 62, 67. 
68, 73, 80, 82, 86, 87, 109, 113, 119, 147, 149, 
155, 172. 196, 200, 201, 205, 206, 207, 220, 
224, 230, 244, 249, 254, 264, 267, 268, 269, 
272, 273, 238, 296. 
Windham, 179, 180. 
Wing, 74, 113, 154. 
I Winnet, 241. 
I Winnitt, 36. 

Winslow, 130, 144, 145, 146, 148. 
Winthrop, 112, 167, 206, 2S3, 270, 271, 2S1, 
283. 



Young, 47, 51, 53, 93, 118, 169, 183. 

SURNAMES OMITTED. 
Charles, 155. 



INDEX TO SUBJECTS, 



Accounts, 259. 

to audit, 11, 12, 25, 45, 46, 58, 60, 

70, 71, 74, 77, 86, 116, 117, 134, 

157, 221, 231, 251, 256, 257, 273. 

reports on, 25-6, 43, 55-7, 69, 72-3, 

87, 115, 134-5, 156, 161. 
Act, Revenue, 12. 

to repeal, 17, 20. 
of King William (constraints exercised 

over Governors), 28. 
concerning streets, 83. 
concerning lotteries, 69. 
of the General Court for support of 

Judges of, 89. 
Toleration, 97. 
of William and Mary, 97. 
" Stating the Fees of Custom House offi- 
cers within this Province," 101. 
relative to Trade of the Colonies, 104. 
restraining transportation of wool, 104. 
for better preserving dock-yards, etc., 

104-5. 
providing for town meetings, 121. 

another, 121. 

for care of street lamps, 136. 
Boston Port-Bill, 173, 185, 187, 188, 189, 
193, 194, 205, 207, 208, 214, 222, 223, 
250, 251, 253, 255, 257, 288. 
Relative to inimical persons, 280. 
Regulating to repeal, 234-5. 
taking account of inhabitants in their 

respective towns, 231. 
to prevent monopolies, 275, 276. 

to repeal, 283. 
affixing price for necessary articles, 262, 

263. 

concerning the enlistments, 236. 
Address to Gen. Washington, to prepare, 232, 

235. 
Admiralty, Court of, 85, 103. 

Judges of the, 103-4. 

(See also Court.) 
Africa, 133. 
Agents at Court of Great Britain, see Great 

Britain. 

serving Council and House of Rep- 
resentatives, grant for payment of, 
85. 

Agriculture, to promote, nee Societies. 
Almshouse, 25, 56, 87, 135, 214, 257, 234, 295, 

296. 
loan for benefit of, 12, 117, 157, 

214. 
accounts of, 25-6, 45, 87, 117, 

161. 

grain for the, 46, 116. 
vaults of, 71. 
America, 31, 100, 102, 132, 133, 142, 143, 174, 

175, 191, 210, 212, 260, 299. 
United States of, 276, 277, 279, 280, 

285, 286, 291, 292, 297, 298. 
American Colonies, 31, 33, 34, 49, 99, 103, 
104, 105, 132, 133, 134, 142, 143, 
144, 173, 174, 175, 177, 178, 194, 
207, 211, 212, 223, 235, 236, 237. 
States, 275. 

Ann or Anne street, 35, 53, 197, 198, 199, 200, 
201, 202, 213. 



Armies, 175. 

standing, 101, 109, 110, 133, 149, 150, 

215, 216, 22o, 268, 269. 
Arms, ammunition, etc., 2, 4, 44, 104, 171, 

241, 242, 245, 216, 278, 279, 280. 
statistics concerning, 216, 237. 
purchase of musketa, 278. 
broken, left by the enemy, 278. 
Army, officers of the, 13'J, 221. 
British, 175, 225, 256. 
French, 292. 
conduct of soldiers, record to keep, 

221. 

"United States, 292. 
colonial, -42, 236. 
non-commissioned officers and sol- 

diei-8,291. 

Articles of Confederation, 297, 298. 
Artillery, the, 228. 
Arts, to promote, see Societies. 
Assay masters, choice of, 11, 43, 68, 114, 156, 

221,232,273. 

Assembly, or General Court, 14, 21, 22, 26, 
27, 30, 33, 35, 44, 49-50, 53, 54, 

69, 78, 80, 83, 85, 86, 88, 90, 
92, 100, 101, 102, 105, 115, 121, 
122, 123, 128, 129, 132, 136, 176, 
190, 191, 192, 197, 198, 209, 238, 
239, 242, 243, 244, 247, 248, 251, 
255, 236, 259, 260, 266, 287, 278, 
279, 280, 2S1, 252, 2S3, 284,286, 
291, 233, 234, 295, 296, 298, 299. 

Acts of the, for support of the 
Judges of the Superior Court, 
89. 

to prepare a petition to the, 294. 

meeting of the, 91. 

charter, 100. 

Assessors, 7, 12, 33, 41, 46, 59, 68-9, 70, 116, 
118, 120, 141, 153, 156, 196, 219, 
225, 229, 231, 232, 239, 274, 29J, 
294, 295, 2J6. 

abatement of taxes by, 12, 46, 59, 

70, 116, 153, 219, 231, 274, 296. 
books, 59, 196, 225. 

to prepare a list of absentees, 
274. 

to prepare petition to the, 294. 
Associations, names of the, to obtain, 281. 
Atkinson street, 61. 
Attorney-General, the, 265. 
Auditors, 77. 
Augsbourg, 160. 

Bakers, 283. (See also Trades.) 

Barracks, 2, 256, 257. 

Batteries, 257. 

Beacon hill, preservation of, 72, 80, 90, 172, 

179, 196. 

original grant of, 91. 
old water course at, 125. 
encroachments on, 196. 
Bells, 81. 

Benefactors, public, 87, 88, 127, 292, 294. 
Bills, of credit, 5, 14, 17, 19, 34, 35, 36, 39, 
40, 61, 62, 64, 65, 88, 93, 108, 110, 
112. 
bill of rights, 123. 



INDEX TO SUBJECTS. 



309 



Bills, hand, 4, 142, 255, 256, 288. 
exchange, 163. 

Port, 172, 173, 175, 177, 179, 181, 183, 
185, 187, 183, 189, 193, 194, 205, 207, 
208, 214, 222, 223, 250, 251, 253, 255, 
257, 288. 

Blacksmiths, 127, 175. 
Blockade of Boston, 175, 176, 179, 185, 186, 

212, 223. (See also Port Bill.) 
Board of War, 278, 279, 280. 
Bonds, see Sureties. 
Books, town's, see Records. 
Boston, 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 10, 17, 18, 19, 21, 22, 
24, 26, 27, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 46, 49, 53, 54, 
61, 62, 64, 72, 75, 77, 78, 79, 80, 88, 89, 90, 
91, 93, 106, 103, 110, 120, 125, 128, 129, 
138, 130,141, 145, 146, 148, 150, 160, 162, 
172, 173, 175, 176, 177, 179, 181, 185, 186, 
187, 188, 189, 192, 194, 195, 197, 198, 199, 
200, 201, 205, 207, 208, 209, 210, 212, 214, 
216, 222, 223, 224, 225, 227, 228, 231, 233, 
234, 236, 238, 239, 243, 244, 247, 249, 250, 
251, 253, 255, 256, 257, 259, 265, 266, 267, 
269, 275-6, 277, 278, 280, 282, 284, 287, 
288, 289, 201, 232, 293, 295, 296, 297. 
Boston Harbor, see Harbor, the. 
Boston Neck, see Neck, the. 
Boston Regimeut, tield officers of, 279. 
Bounds, see Perambulations or Surveys. 
Braintree. 244. 

Breadstuffs, 11, 12, 43, 46, 68, 70, 114, 115, 
116, 156, 221, 231, 253, 261, 262, 263, 264, 
273. 
Brick-yard, 189. (See also Neck, the.) 

bricks, 223. 
Bridge, mill, 11, 43, 114, 119, 156, 221, 232, 

273. 

pumps at, to affix, 119, 127. 
draw, 119. 

pumps at, to affix, 127. 
Brookline, 198. 
Buildings, wooden. 127. 

damage to, and destruction of, 

256-7. 
Butchers, 296, 297. 

stalls, to erect, 265. 
Butter, see Dairy Produce. 

Cambridge, 10, 14, 19, 208. 209, 212. 

seizure of powder at, 203. 
Canada Department, see Northern and Can- 
ada Department. 
Cape Ann, 131. 
Carpenters, 127. 
Carriage, wheel, tax on, 115, 116, 128. (See 

also Taxes.) 

Carts, trucks, etc., 35, 158, 159, 213. 
Castle, the, 3, 4, 15, 16, 21, 84, 103. (See also 

Fortifications.) 
Castle Island, see Castle, the. 
Castle William, see Castle, the. 
Cereals, see Breadstuffs. 
Charlestown, 10, 12, 20, 179, 187, 188, 223. 

Ferry, 193, 211. (See also 

Ferries.) 
Charter of William and Mary, 101, 192. 

of the Province, see Massachusetts 

Bay, Province of. 

Chimnies, sweeping of, 47, 51, 55-6. 
statistics concerning, 55-6. 
sweepers, 55-6. 
tax on, 55. 
Clock, 71, 158. 

on the Old South Meeting-house, re- 
pairs on, 71. 

new, to purchase, 76, 119, 162. 
town, 162. 
Clothing, 262. 
Cocoa, 262. 
Coffee, 262. 
Cold lane, 164. 
Colleges : 

Harvard College, 27. 
Colonial Army, ate Army. 



Colonies, the, see American Colonies. 
Colonists, 89, 124. 

rights of the, 93, 94-99, 106, 123. 

iiif ringements on, 99- 

105, 123. 

Commerce, to promote, see Societies, 
interests of, 85, 175, 285. 
losses, 255. 
statistics, 255-6. 

Committees, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 
15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 
26, 34, 37, 33, 44, 45,46, 47, 48, 49, 
50, 51, 52, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 
60, 62, 63, 08, 63, 70, 71, 72, 74, 
76, 77, 79, 80, 82, 86, 87, 88, 89, 
90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 108, 109, 110, 
115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 125, 
127, 128, 129, 131, 134, 135, 136, 
137, 138, 13J, 143, 144, 145, 146, 
148, 149, 150, 153, 150, 157, 158, 
159, 160-1, 162, 163, 164, 165, 168, 
169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 
176, 177, 178, 179, 181, 1S2-3, 184, 
185, 186, 187, 183, 189, 191, 193, 
194, 195, 196, 197, 205, 207, 208, 
213, 215, 216, 221, 222, 225, 226, 
228, 231, 232, 233, 235, 236, 239, 
240, 242, 243, 244, 245, 2)7, 248, 
249, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 
257, 258, 259, 280, 261, 262, 263, 
264, 265, 265, 267, 268, 269, 270, 
275, 278, 279, 280, 281, 288, 289, 
290, 291, 292, 294, 295, 297, 298, 
299. 

of Correspondence, 93, 94-5, 125, 
146, 174, 187, 205, 212, 221, 233, 
239, 210, 212, 243, 244, 280, 261, 
263, 264,270-1, 276, 277,230, 283. 
of Sequestration, 277. 
Common, the, 23, 125, 126, 160. 

nuisance in, to remove, 71, 77. 
writing school in, 23,24, 57, 58, 81, 
82, 118, 126, 140, 160, 180, 181, 
252, 286. 

pond near Frog Pond, 125. 
Concord, 222, 224. 

Confederation, see Articles of Confederation. 
Connecticut, 5, 14, 34, 35, 36, 39, 61, 62, 64, 

108, 110, 179. 

Continental Congress, 205, 207, 29, 210, 211, 
231, 2 35, 256, 266, 267, 276, 285, 
297,298. 
Service, 291. 

statistics of, 246. 
Army, 266, 293. 
currency, 285. 
Corn, tee Breadstuffs. 

hill, 158, 159. 

Corporations, nee Societies and Corporations. 
Correspondence, Committee of, see Com- 
mittees. 

Cotton-wool, 262. 
Council Chamber, 1, 27. 

members of the, 3, 8, 15, 33, 50, 103, 
121, 139, 209, 233, 245, 247, 248, 
250, 281, 254, 292, 295. 
grant for payment of Agents serv- 
ing, 85. 

County gaol, ice Gaol, County, 
register, choice of, 39, 44. 
sheriff, 8. 
watch, 8. 

treasurer, 8, 39, 44, 230. 
Court, General, see Assembly. 

of general or quarter sessions, 8, 44, 
69, 115, 152, 218, 230, 273. 
clerk of the, 2^4. 
Superior, 13, 15, 88, 89, 121, 122, 133, 

187. 

Judges of, appointment and 
salaries, 8<>, 83, 83, 91, 102, 
103, 121, 122. 
Inferior, 37, "Ui. 
of Admiralty, 85, 104, 243. 



310 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 



Court of Exchequer (Scotland), 104. 
Inquisition, 133. 
Maritime, 239. 
Court for trial and condemnation of Vessels, 

etc,, see Court of Admiralty. 
Cowkeeper, choice of, 10, 43, 67, 114, 155, 

220, 230, 272, 287. 
Cross street, 224. 
Custom bouse fees, 94, 101. 

Act stating, 101. 
Commission of, 100, 139, 142. 
collectors and deputy collec- 
tors, 100. 
Customs, Board of Commissioners of the, 34, 

50. 
house, 50. 

Dairy produce, 253. 
Deeds, titles of, 37, 68, 74. 

abutters on Town Dock, 

37, 38. 

Deer, law for the preservation of, breach of, 
informers against, 9, 42, 67, 113, 154, 220, 
229, 272. 
Delaware, 263. 
Depositions, to take, 2. 

copies of, to print, 20. 
Disease, infectious, spread of, to prevent, 

27, 223-24, 240, 245, 246. 
statistics of, 246. (See also Small 

Pox, Plague, etc.) 

Dispatches to England, 15, 17, 18, 34. 
Dock, the, 35, 37, 38. 

filling up of, 71, 74, 158, 189, 192, 

197, 208,212-13, 222. 
titles of, 37, 68, 158, 208, 212-13. 
dockage, 80, 213. 
dock yards, 104. 

square, incumbrances on, to re- 
move, 158, 212-13. 
petition for well to be dug and 
pump to be set at, 171, 178, 189. 
Dorchester, 179, 198, 200. 

Neck, 181. 
Drains, 35, 213. (See also under the several 

streets.) 
Draw bridge, see Bridge, 

East India Company, 141-44, 148. 

factors of, 144. (See 
also Societies, Cor- 
porations, etc.) 

England, 15, 17, 29,47, 91, 97, 104, 132, 148. 
dispatches to be sent to, 15, 17, 18, 

34. 

received from, 34. 
Estate, real and personal, injury threatening, 

85. 

Europe, 160. 
Exports, 174, 223. 

Faneuil Hall, 1, 2, 5, 17, 19, 21, 32, 34, 35, 36, 
48, 53, 01, 62, 64, 77, 88, 89, 91, 93, 
10S, 110, 123, 141, 145, 146, 147, 
148, 150, 162, 172, 178, 185, 190, 
19:5, 203, 207, 203, 212, 214, 216, 
222, 223, 224, 259, 266, 267, 277, 
230, 282, 287, 288, 291, 293, 296, 
297. 

not to be used to entertain cer- 
tain persons, 139. 
Market, 35, 213, 235, 296, 297. 

stalls in, 265, 296,297. 

(See also Market.) 
Fast-Day, to appoint, 33. 
Ferries : 

Charlestown,193,211. 
Fines or Penalties, 6, 25, 40, 56, 87, 104, 112, 

135, 152, 161, 218, 223, 257,271. 
Fire, water engines, 87, 83, 127, 297. 

persons refusing to work at, to pun- 
ish, 14. 

precautions against, 47, 119, 127, 172, 
189, 297. 



Fire, men, 88, 297. 

exemptions of, 88, 299. 
damage caused by, 119, 157, 197, 198. 
leather buckets for the engines, 119, 

277. 

of Feb. 3, 1767,197, 198. 
premium, 297, 299. 
companies, 298, 299. 

Firewards, 6, 14, 40, 47, 65, 111, 119, 120, 126, 
141, 151, 162, 217, 218, 219, 223, 271, 297, 
298. 

Fish, supply of, 262. 
fishermen, 202. 
Flour, see Breadstuffs. 
Fort Hill, mills on, 171. 

Fortifications, 3, 4, 15, 41, 51, 79, 103, 157, 
210, 257, 277, 278, 280. (See also the 
Castle, Batteries, etc.) 
Friend street, new street across, to lay out, 

119, 159, 164. 
Frog pond, pond near, 125. (See also Com- 

mon, the.) 
Fruit, 236. 
Furniture, 256. 

Gaol, County, 8. 

Germany, natives of, 159-60. 

meeting-house for, 159- 

60, 164. 
Government, new form of, 247, 248, 279, 283, 

2S4. 

Governor, the, 2, 15, 27, 28, 31, 78, 83, 84, 89, 
91, 101, 102, 103, 122, 123, 
124, 125, 133, 139, 145, 193, 
194, 195, 196. 

Lieut., 3, 4, 8, 10, 15, 51, 78, 94. 
address to the, 89-90, 91-2. 

reply, 90, 92. 
gross misrepresentations made by, 

120-23, 209, 210, 211. 
Grain, see Breadstuffs. 

price of, to regulate, 11, 43, 156, 221, 232, 

273. 
purchase of, 12, 43, 46, 68, 114, 116, 156, 

221, 231. 

losses in, 256. 

Granary, 11, 68, 156. 

keeper of, 11, 43, 68, 70, 114, 115, 

156, 171, 221. 
accounts of the, 43, 70, 

158, 171. 

part of the, on the Common, to be 
used as a meeting-house for 
German protestants, 164. 
Grants, see Lauds. 

Great Britain, 16, 20, 26, 34, 50, 98, 103, 104, 
105, 132, 133, 174, 183, 235, 
237. 

Parliament of, 26, 85, 91, 97, 
99, 101, 102, 121, 124, 139, 
142, 143, 173, 175, 176, 185, 
194, 203, 237. 
House of Commons, 89, 99. 

Lords, 26, 99. 
Agents at Court of, grant 

for payment of, re- 
fused, 85, 103. 

Green Dragon, the, 159. (See also Tav- 
erns.) 

Handbills, 4, 142, 255. 

Hancock's wharf, 88. (See also Wharves.) 

Harbor, the, 175, 223, 238, 239, 253, 2SO. 

to blockade, 173, 174, 175, 176, 185. 
sinking of hulks in the, 238, 239, 

278, 279. 

Harvard College, see Colleges. 
Hats, manufacture and transportation of, 104 
Hay, 158, 159. 

damage to, 256. 
market, 265. 
weighing of, 287. 
weigher of, allowance, 287. 
Hayward, see Cowkeeper. 



INDEX TO SUBJECTS. 



311 



Hemp, surveyors of, 10, 43, 67, 112, 153, 219, 
229, 272, 275. 

Hog alley, 116-17, 125, 126. 

not property of the town, 126. 

Hogreeves, choice of, 10, 42, 67, 74, 114, 155, 
220, 230, 272. 

Hollis street meeting-house, 224. (See also 
Meeting-houses.) 

Horses at large, 287. 

Hospitals, 224, 251. 

hospital-ship, see Ships, etc. 
at Salem, 201. 

House of Commons, see Great Britain, Par- 
liament. 

House of Lords, see Great Britain, Parlia- 
ment. 

Houses of ill-repute, to abolish, 17, 19. 

Hulks of vessels, to sink, see Harbor, the. 

Imports, 174, 263, 264. 
Indian corn, see Breadstuffs. 
Inhabitants or- Freeholders, 1, 2, 4,17, 19, 21, 
22, 24, 32, 3 >, 30, 61, 62, 64, 77, 
88, 89, 93, 108, 110, 121, 122, 123, 
123, 129, 134, 137, 141, 144, 147, 
148, 152, 153, 159, 162, 185, 187, 
190, 194, 195, 207, 208, 209, 212, 
214, 216, 222, 223, 227, 233, 234, 
235, 239, 242, 244, 245, 246, 247, 
249, 250, 255, 257, 259, 260, 262, 
263, 264, 265, 266, 267, 269, 280, 
282, 288, 289, 291, 293, 295, 296, 
297. 

petition of, 147. 
in different towns, account of, 

to take, 231. 
to provide with arms, etc., 241, 

242, 245, 246. 

statistics of, in Continental ser- 
vice, 246. 

Innholders, 115, 116, 128, 195. 
Inoculation for small-pox, see Small-Pox. 
Intemperance, immorality, profanity, etc,, 

17, 19. 

Inventory of losses sustained by the colon- 
ists during the Revolution, 257. 
Ireland, 46, 50, 98. 
Iron, 104. 
Islands, 257. 

Castle, 16. 

Noddles, 278. 

West Indies, 174, 175. 

Jayl, County, see Gaol, County. 
Judges of the Superior Court, see Court. 
Jurors, list of, to act upon, 32, 50, 70, 283. 
choice of, 35, 36, 37, 50, 52, 243, 244, 

234, 289. 
petit, 35, 37. 
grand, 35, 187, 265. 
trial by juries, 85, 103. 

Justices, 5, 6, 13, 14, 15, 16, 23, 36, 53, 61, 78- 
9, 121, ICO, 133, 173, 187, 195, 197, 
198, 199, 200, 201, 221, 281. 

Kilby street, 134. 
King street, 1, 13, 134, 142. 
tavern in, 224. 

Lamps, street, 72, 115, 120, 128, 162, 163, 164- 

5, 195. 
annual funds for, to raise, 72, 

11.3, llfi, 128, 136. 
tax for, 12 -i. 
security of, 123, 135. 
number of, 163. 
Land, grants of, 105. 

Lamb Tavern, the, 224. (See alao Taverns.) 
Land or buildings, towns, 14, 35, 46, 71, 76, 
79, 80, 81, 86, 
126, 137, 157, 
158, 160, 181, 
186, 256. 
sale of, 22. 



Land or buildings, towns, to lease, 71, 76, 

157-8. 

to sell, 117,120. 
plan of, 171. 
at South End, 

181, 188. 

Land or buildings 
Owners : 

Amory, 1., 45. 

Andrews, Capt. ,1., 119. 

Ball, Capt. Robert, 1., 198, 199, 

200. 

Blin, Thomas, 1., 126. 
Briant, John, 1., 198, 200. 

Brimmer, JUesurs. , 1., 126. 

Cobb, ,1.,181. 

Crafts, William, h., 14. 
Curtis and May, 1., 181. 
Cushiug, Jonathan (heirs of), 

]., 198, 200. 
Dodge, James (deceased), 1., 

201. 
Dolbeare,- , sh.,213. 

Durant, , 1 , 126. 

Emmons, Jacob, 1., 13, 23, 57, 

61, 201, 202. 

Emmons, Thomas, 1., 198,202. 
Fayerweather, John (heirs of), 

w. h., 35, 214. 
Fletcher, William (heirs of), 1., 

198, 199, 200. 

Fletcher, , h., 198. 

Gedney, , 1., 197, 198, 199, 

200. 
Gedney or Godney, George 

Broughton, 1., 199, 201, h., 

and 1., 202. 

Greenleaff, Sheriff, 1.. 125. 
Hallowell, Benj., h., 80, 82. 
Hancock, Hon. John, 1., 88. 
Hews, Robert, 1., 76. 
Hobby, Rachel (heirs of), 1., 

201, 202. 

Hudfon, Thomas, 1., 179. 
Jackson, Joseph, 1., 198, 200. 
Jepson, William (heirs of), 

200. 
May, see Curtis and May. 

Miller, , 1., 159. 

Newell, Dea., sh., 213. 
Ruddock, John, 1., 258. 

Runk, ,h., 224. 

Russell, Joseph, 1., and h., 117, 

120. 

Scott, William, 1., 201, 202. 
Simpkins, William, 1., 201, 202. 
Sherburne, Joseph, 1., 198, 201. 

Sherburne, , 1., 76. 

Simpson, , sh., 213. 

Stodder, or Stoddard, Asa, 1., 

198, 200. 

Tyler, Joseph, sh., 35. 

Tyler, Meriam (hf.irn of), 198, 

199, 200, 201, 202, 203. 
Tyler, Thomas (late), h., 213. 

Lanes, see Streets, Ways, etc. 
Laws, 101, 121, 122, 129, 132. 

for regulating choice of jurors, 35-6. 

to enforce, 171, 195, 224. 

for regulating scavengers, 155. 

to prevent concealing, and the spread 

of infectious diseases, 224. 
concerning monoplies, 265. (See also 

Orders, town.) 
Leather, sealers of, 9, 42, 67, 113, 154, 220, 

223, 272. 
Letters, 178. 

from Lieut. Gon. to Selectmen, 3. 
Jx-Go\. Pownall to town, 7. 
Sheriff Greenleaf, 8. 
to Selectmen. 7, 8. 
from town of Cambridge, 14. 
from England relative to the Massa- 
cre of 5lh of March, 34. 



312 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 



Letters, to England, concerning the Massa- 
cre, 31, 
from Hon. Joshua Henshaw, 44-5. 

Dr. Lucas, 46. 
to other Towns, 94, 106-108. 123, 

123, 145, 186, 263. 

Lock's Letters on Toleration, refer- 
ence to, 96. 

circular letter, 123, 173, 174, 175, 177. 
letter from tea merchants, 145, 146, 

148. 
Thos. Hutchinson, jr., 

146. 

Marblehead, 173. 
Mr. James Bois of Mil- 
ton, 175. 

to other Provinces, 175, 176. 
to Gen. Gage from lion. Payson 

Randolph, 207,203, 210-11. 
from Hon. Viscount Demauroy, 292, 

2i)3. 

Leverett's lane, 45. 
Libel, cases of, 47, 49, 73, 118, 120-6. 
Licence, sale of liquors by persons not hav- 
ing, to prevent, 17, 19. 
renewal of, 1 15. 
tax on, 115, 128. 
Linen Manufactory Company, 70. 

loan to, from town, 131. 
{ See also Societies, 
Corporations.) 
clerk of, 131. 
books of, to examine, 

131, 138. 
summary concerning, 

138-9. 
Liquors, supply of, by unlicensed persons, 

to prevent, 17, 19. 
license, payment for, 115. 
losses, 2t>7. 
monopoly of, 262. 
Loan certificates, 2S5. 
Loans, 12, 131. 

Lock's Letters on Toleration, 96. 
London, 15, 18, 142, 103, 164, 165. 
Lons; lane, 45. 
Lord's Day, the, 291. 
Lotteries, 69. 



Manufactures, home, 12, 13, 20. 
Manufactory Company, 59. (See also 

Societies, Corporations.) 
Manufactures, to promote, see Societies. 
Marblehead, 173, 174, 256. 
Market, provisions brought to, 158, 212-13. 
forestalling the, 236, 254. 
Faneuil Hall, 33, 213, 297. 

stalls in, 265, 296. 
weights, etc., in the, 253. 
regulating the, 296. 
clerks of the, 7, 40, 65, 73, 112, 127, 
131, 152, 156, 159, 192, 219, 221, 224, 
228-9, 242, 274. 
Maritime Court, see Court. 
Mason, 81. (See alxo Trades.) 
Massachusetts Bay, Province of, 4, 5, 7, 10, 
12, 14, 16, 17, 19, 22, 27, 31, 
32, 37, 39, 45, 61, 62, 83, 84, 
88, 89, 90, 91, 93, 94, 95, 100, 
101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 
107, 108, 110, 116, 121, 122, 
123, 124, 125, 126, 139, 141, 
153, 173, 176, 177, 185, 186, 
187, 191, 192, 194, 195, 198, 
209, 219, 231. 

State of, 247, 266, 267, 278, 
280, 281. 295, 297, 298, 299. 
Massacie in King street, 1, 4, 10, 13, 14, 15, 
18, 20, 22, 34, 46, 47, 48, 49, 51, 
52, 148, 149, 150, 157- 
monument to erecton site of, 14. 
memorial or draft concerning, 
15, 16, 20, 22-30. 



Massacre, dispatches to send to England, 

concerning. 15, 17, 18, 20. 
oration to commemorate, 43, 49, 
50, 51, 52, 62, 63, 7, 108, 10-), 110, 
2H, 216, 225, 226, 268, 289. 
subscription for sufferer injured 

during the, 215, 216. 
Medford, 22!. 
Meeting-houses, Hollis street (Mr. Byles), 

224. 
Dr. Sewall's (Old South?), 

3. 

Old Brick, 76, 227, 230, 234, 

239, 219, 250, 205, 2o7, 268. 

Old South, 52, 62, 71, 109, 

119, 149, 177, 215. 
subscriptions solicited for a 
meeting-house for Ger- 
mans, 159-60. 
response, 164. 
in Watertown, 226, 234. 
repairs of, used as bar- 
racks, 256. 
contributions to be levied 

in, 291. 

Merchants, 15, 16, 143, 144, 145, 163, 262, 263, 
255. 

action of, concerning importa- 
tion of foreign goods, 16, 43. 
names of those opposing decis- 
ion against importation to pre- 
serve, 16. 
replies, 34. 
Middlesex, 209. 

Middle street, 53, 197, 198, 199, 200, 201, 202. 
Military, 1, 133, 245, 
duty, 299. 

Militia, 133, 211, 242, 244, 246, 266, 27S, 279. 
Milk street, passage leading from, to im- 
prove, 61, 80, 82. 
land at bottom of, 159. 
Mill bridge, see Bridge, 
pond, 14. 

town'b land near the, 14. 
Mills, 11, 104, 171. 

new, 43, 63, 114, 158, 221, 231, 273. 
grist, 49, 171. 
slitting, 175. 
Milton, 141,145,175. 

slitting mills at, 175. 
Molasses, 262. 
Monopolies, to prevent, 260, 261, 262, 263, 

264, 275, 276. 
Act concerning, see Act. 

to repeal, nee Act. 

Muskets, see Arms and, Ammunition. 
Muster-day, 245. 

delinquents on, for subscription 
towards a bounty, 244, 245. 



Navies, 101, 175. 
Navy, officers of the, 139, 221. 
British, 235, 256. 
conduct of subalterns, record of, to 

keep, 221. 
Neck, the, 87, 189, 193, 210, 211. 

town's land at, 79-80, 86, 87, 138. 
repairs at, 138. 
firing of small arms, 171. 
Incumbrances on, to remove, 171. 
brickyard at, 189. 
Negroes, deaths of, from small-pox, 246. 

(See also Diseases, infectious.) 
New Boston, 118. (See also West End.) 
Newbury street, 126. 
New England, 175, 247. 
New Hampshire, 5, 14, 17, 34, 35, 36, 39, 61, 

62, 64, 105, 108, 110. 

Newspapers, 26, 47, 56, 87, 125, 141, 211, 264, 
276, 286. (See also the fol. 
lotointj) : 

Tradesmen's Protest, 142, 145. 
New York, 3, 106. 



INDEX TO SUBJECTS. 



313 



Noddle's Island, 278. (See also Islands.) 
Noil-Importation of Tea, etc., 8, 12, 13. 

merchants for 
and against, 
10. 

vote of thanks 
to supporters 
of, 16. 

of British 
man u f a c t- 
ures, 176. 
North End, 24, 140. 

grist mills at, 49. (See also 

Mills.) 

Northern or Canada Department, 244. 
Notes, negotiable, 12, 46. 
Nova Scotia, 130. 



Old Brick meeting-house, 76, 227, 230, 233, 
234, 239, 247, 
249, 250, 265, 
268. 

clock on, 76. 
( See also Meet- 
ing-houses.) 
Old South Church, 52, 62, 100, 14,t, 177. 

clock of, 71, 119, 215. 
(See also Meeting, 
houses.) 

Orations commemorative of the Boston Mas- 
sacre, 48, 49, 51, 52, 02, 63, 87, 10S, 103, 
110, 148, 149, 150, 214, 215, 216, 225, 226, 
2ftS, 269. 
Orders, town, concerning scavengers, 11, 43, 

155. 

breaking into 
stores, houses, 
etc., 20. 

relating to street refuse, 76. 
concerning infectious dis- 
eases, 224. 
forestalling of 
wood, etc., 
249. 

monopolies, 2S5. 
Ordnance, 209, 210, 228, 257. 



Paddy's alley, 13, 23, 57, 61, 157, 197, 198, 199, 

2UO, 201. 
Papers and Pamphlets, 46, 49-50, 94. 

concerning the rights, 
etc., of colonists, 
94-99. 
infringements, 99- 

105. 

Parliament of Great Britain, 85, 97, 99, 101, 
102, 105, 121, 124, 139, 142, 
143, 173, 175, 176, 185, 186, 
194, 209, 237. 
House of Lords, 26, 99. 

Commons, 89, 99. 
Journals of the, 
26. (See also 
Great Britain.) 
Pauperism, to prevent, 160. 
Perambulations or Surveys : 

bounds of Hog alley, 126. 
Sea street, 137. 
plan of all lands belonging 

to town, 171. 

bounds of land in Ann, 
Middle streets, and Pad- 
dy's alley, 197, 198, 200, 
201. 
proposed line of a passage in 

Dock square, 213. 

Persons suspected of being inimical to the 
American States, to guard against, 
275,276,279,281. 

nanu'9 of such, to obtain and pub- 
lish in the papers, 273, 230. 
to apprehend and confine, 231. 



Persons, list of names given, 281-2. 

to try by Court, 2S4. 
Philadelphia, 143. 

Plague, 27. (See also Disease, infections.) 
Plate, 256. 

Pleasant street, 76, 134. 
Plymouth, 2o5. 
Poll tax, see Taxes. 
Poor, the, 250, 251. 

appropriation for the, 11, 26, 54, 56, 60, 
74, 80, 87, 135, 157, 175, 177, 214, 221, 
22 5, 231, 250,258, 273, 276, 239. 
employed in spinning wool, 71, 73. 
employment of the, 178, 181, 186, 187, 

193. 
subscriptions for, to solicit, 289, 294, 

295, 296. 

Poor, Overseers of the, 5, 25, 28, 32, 33, 39, 
47, 48, 49, 54, 56, 
57, 61, 04, 70, 7S 
110, 111, 130, 135, 
151, 163, 177, 181- 
2, 184, 192, 214, 
217, 218, 221, 222, 
227, 240, 251, 255, 
257, 258,259,266, 
270, 273, 274, 294. 
accounts of, to au- 
dit, 11,45, 74,117, 
157, 221, 231. 
loan for use of, 12, 
46, 116, 157, 221, 
231. 
of town of Medford, 

223. 

Port Bill, nee. Bills. 
Ports, havens, etc., 104. 
Pound, the, 241. 

horses at large, to be placed in, 

237. 

Powder, see Arms and Ammunition, 
house, 44. 

to remove, 44. 

seizure of, at Cambridge, 209. 
supply of, 245. 
Printing, advertising in the prints, 47, 76, 87, 

109, 276, 236. 
of account of the Massacre in King 

street, 34. 

of depositions, etc., 20. 
prints, public, nee Newspapers, 
paper relative to Mr. William Mol- 

lineux, 73. 
hand-bills, 4, 142. 

of oration on the Massacre in King 
street, Mar. 5, 1770, 216, 226, 269. 
Prisoners, 279. 
Providence, 278. 
Province, the, see Massachusetts Bay, Prov- 

vinceof. 
House, 147, 277. 
laws, 19, 121, 122, 123, 195. 
tax, see Taxes, 
treasurer, 45. 

Charter, 85, 91, 92, 97, 106, 132, 192. 
Provincial Congress, the, 190, 191, 192, 208, 

211,214,222. 
delegates to, choice of, 

208, 211. 
Provisions, 158, 212-13, 256, 261, 262, 263, 293, 

294. 

forestalling of, 249, 252, 265. 
high price of, 287. 

Pumps to be used in case of fire, 127. (See 
also Dock, the.) 

Queen street, 23, 24, 25, 55, 57, 79, 81, 82, 117, 

120, 140, 252, 286. 
Quit- rents, 74, 80, 99. 

Rates, 83, 87, 102, 103, 132, 135, 141, 196, 259, 

274, 293, 294, 295, 296. 
abatements of, 12, 46, 56, 59, 70, 87, 
116, 13o, 153, 161, 219, 237, 259, 271. 



314 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 



Rates, collectors of, 6, 7, 40, 41, 45, 59, 60, 61, 
65, 06, 63, 63, 70, 73, 
112, 117, 118, 120, 135, 
152, 153, 161, 190, 196, 
218, 222, 225, 223, 257, 
258, 271, 274,' 276, 277, 
287. 

premiums, 7, 41, 45, 59- 
60, 66, 117, 152-3, 222, 
2^0,276,237. 

Records, 4, 12, 26, 27, 43. 55-6, 70, 87, 115, 125, 
135, 137, 15o, 161, 175, 200, 258, 
281. 

merchants' names entered on, 16. 
Reformation of Manners, to promote, 231, 

243. 

Refugees, names of, to ascertain, 276-7. 
Register, County, 39, 44, 232. 
Rents, records of lands, etc., 25, 56, 87, 135, 

159, 161, 257. 
quit, see Quit-rents, 
of dwellings, etc., for barracks, 257. 
Reports of Committees, 4, 8, 12, 15, 20, 25-6, 
43, 48, 43, 51, 55-7, 60, 69, 74, 77, 79, 80, 
86, 88, 90, 103, 115, 120, 121-26, 127, 134- 
5, 137, 13S, 139, 156, 161, 175, 181, 208, 
260-61, 233, 277, 295, 293. 
Representatives, 21, 22, 26, 32, 54, 78, 88, 92, 
99, 101, 116, 12J, 130, 136, 
141, 131, 236, 242, 279,286, 
235, 295, 238. 

choice of, 21, 33, 53, 78, 80, 
129, 190, 233, 234-5, 247, 
282, 283. 

House of, 4, 85, 121, 124, 125, 
141, 186, 192, 209, 
235,245,248,284. 
records of the, 4. 
Chamber, 8, 230-31, 240. 
instructions, for the, 28-32, 
80, 83-86, 83, 131-36, 141, 
191,235-38,283,281-6. 
grant for payment of 

Agents serving, 85. 
Revenue Acts, see Act. 
Rewards, etc., 2. 
Rhode Island. 5, 14, 17, 34, 35, 36,39, 61, 62, 

64, 103, 110, 133, 174. 
Riots, see Massacre in King street. 
Rivers, etc., 101. 

and capes of Delaware, 263. 
Rome, 31. 

Roxbury, 10, 179, 198, 200. 
Royal Exchange, the, 224. (See also Tav- 
erns.) 
Rum, 262. 
Rye, see Breadstuff s. 



Salaries or allowances, 46, 56, 69, 106, 118, 
133, 140-41, 156, 172, 179, 222, 
232, 238, 274, 235, 293, 295. 
to send Cant. Dash wood to Eng- 
land with dispatches, 15. 
of school-masters, 12, 23, 46, 54, 
57-8, 69-70, 81, 82, 118, 140-41, 
156, 172, 180, 181, 222, 232, 252, 
259, 274, -286, 293, 294. 
of the Judges of the Superior 
Court, 86, 88, 89, 91, 106, 121, 
122. 

allowances for: 
Mr. David Jeffries, 24, 58, 141, 

171,181,286-7. 
Benj. Fenno, 43, 70. 
John Green, 49. 
Edward Hollyday, 69. 
Abraham Savage, 69. 
Samuel Hunt, 158. 
William Scott, 202. 
Meriam Tyler (heir* of) , 202. 
Jacob Emmons, 202. 
William Simpkins, 202. 
Joseph Sherburne, 202. 



Salaries, allowances for : 
James Dodge, 202. 
Rachel Hobby, 202. 
Samuel Hunt, 252. 
grant of moneys, to consider, 

275. 
Salem, 173, 174, 176, 192, 209, 251, 255. 

hospital, 251. 
Salt, 257. 
Scavengers, choice of, 11, 43, 67-8, 75, 114, 

117,221, 230,273. 
duties of, to enforce, 12, 75, 

155. 
Schools, 258, 287. 

houses, 81. 

masters, 80, 81, 82, 134, 196, 287. 

salaries, 12, 23, 46, 54, 57- 
8, 69, 70, 81, 82, 118, 140- 
41, 156, 172, 180, 181, 
222, 232, 252, 259, 274, 
286, 2U3, 234. 
ushers, 287. 

salaries. 23, 24, 58, 81, 82, 

118, 140, 180, 181. 
Grammar, North, 23, 25, 55, 57, 79, 

81, 131, 140. 158, 180. 
South, 23, 25, 55, 57, 58, 
79, 81, 131, 140, 180, 
252, 236, 293. 

Writing, North, 23, 24, 25, 55, 57, 
79.81,82, 131, 140, 180, 
181, 252, 286. 
South, 25, 55,79,131,134, 

172. 

In Queen street, 23, 24, 

25, 55, 57, 58, 79, 81, 

82, 131, 140, 180, 252, 

286. 

visitation of the, 24-5, 54-5, 70, 78- 

9, 129-30. 
statistics, 25, 55, 

79, 131. 

to erect another school, 90. 
Scotland, 104. 
Sea street, 119, 137. 
Secretary of State (1776), 247. 
Selectmen, 1,5,7, 12, 14, 20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 32, 
33,35,39,41,43,45,48,53,54,56, 
59, 63, 70, 71, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 
79, 81, 87, 88, 91,94, 110, 115, 116, 
118, 121, 122, 125, 127, 129, 131, 
135, 137, 13S, 139, 143, 145, l.jtl, 
158, 159, 160, 162, 171, 174, 190, 
197, 198, 199, 200, 201, 203, 213, 
216, 217, 223, 224, 227, 231, 34, 
235, 236, 238, 240, 245, 251, 252, 
255, 257, 258, 259, 260, 281, 264, 
265, 267, 270, 280, 231, 233, 287, 
238, 232, 233, 2J4, 2j5, 296, 297. 
choice of, 5, 64, 75, 150-51, 217, 

227, 232. 

petitions preferred to, 121. 
Sequestration, Committee of, see Com. 

mittees. 

Sewers, see Drains. 
Sheep, 179. 
Ships, vessels, etc., 15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 100, 104, 

223, 255, 256, 263, 278. 
ship-building, 20. 
moorage and dockage, 80, 213. 
hospital-ship, the, 223-4. 
statistics of commerce, 255, 256-7. 
owners, 2">6. 
cargoes, 253. 

British Man-of-War, 263. 
Shopkeepers notified concerning sale of tea, 

13. 

Slaughter house, to erect, 71, 76. 
Small Pox, 27, 223-4, 240, 245, 246. 

statistics of, 246. (See also 

Disease, infectious.) 
Societies, Corporations, etc., 37, 62. 

to promote arts, agriculture, man- 
ufactures, and commerce, 37, 38. 



INDEX TO SUBJECTS. 



315 



Societies, Manufactory Company, 59. 

Lineu Manufactory Company, 70, 

138, 139. 

East India Company, 141^4, 148. 
Soldiers, 241, 214, '267, 2SO, 288. 

quartered in Boston, 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 10, 
14, ir>, 16, 18, 22, 46, 47, 48, 49-51, 
52, 62, lio, 101, HJS, 10J, 110, 133, 
148, 149, 150, 157, 193, 194, 209, 
210, 214, 215, 216, 225, 226, 268, 
2>.. 2vS, 291,292. 
landing of, 21. 
trial of, concerned in the Massacre 

of March 5, 1770, 49, 51. 
Boston Regiment, 279. 
Fourteenth Regiment, 3, 10. 
Twenty-ninth Regiment, 3, 10, 47, 

48, 63. 
conduct of, record of, to keep, 

221. 

providing for " non-commissioned 
officers'" and soldiers' families, 
291, 292,293. 
South Carolina, 130. 
South End, wharf at, to build, 181, 182. 

town's land at, 181, 188. (See 

also Lands.) 
tavern at the, 224. 
South street, to pave, 1:34. 
Spiuuina:, employment of poor in, 71, 73. 
State House, the, 257. 
States, the, tee America, United States of. 
Statistics of loss of property, etc., to the 
colonists, 256-7. (See. alxo under Build- 
ings, Commerce, Trade, etc.) 
Streets, encumbered, 159, 197. 
to repair, 53. 
new, laid out, 13, 57. 
names of, to aflix, 125. 
lamps, 72, 115, 116, 120, 128, 135, 136, 

164-5, 196. 
to lay out, 119, 159, 164, 197, 198, 199, 

200. 

paving of, 82, 83, 134. 
to keep clean, 76. 
refuse, 71-2, 75-6. 

law relating to, 76. 
See also, the following : 
Atkinson, Cold lane, Cornhill, Cross, 
Dock square, Friend, Hog alley, Kil- 
by, Leverc-tt's lane, Long lane, Mid- 
dle, Milk, Newbury, Pleasant, Sea, 
South, Sudbury, Union, Winter. 
Subscriptions, 290, 296. 

for the poor, to solicit, 289, 

295. 

Sudbury street, 14, 119,159, 164. 
Suffolk county, 193, 200. 
Sugar, 262. 
Suits : 

town vs. Linen Manufactory, 131. 
to recover all rights, titles, etc., to 

town's lands, to enter, 158. 
Jacob Emmons vs. parties unknown, 

61. 
Sureties or bonds given, 7, 41, 66, 118, 153, 

276, 287. 
Sweden, 108. 

Taverns: 

Green Dragon, the, 159. 
Lamb, the, 224. 
Royal Exchange, the, 224. 
Taxes, 60, 83, 87, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 132, 
135, 141, 196, 202, 259, 293, 294, 295, 
298. 
abatement of, 12, 46, 56, 59, 70, 87, 

116, 135, 153, 161, 219, 257. 
collectors of, 6, 7, 40, 41, 45, 56, 59, 60, 
61,65,66,68,69,70,73, 
112, 117, 118, 120, 135, 
152, 153, 190, 193, 218, 
222, 225, 228, 257, 258, 
271, 274, 276, 277, 237. 



Taxes, collectors of . premium, 7, 41, 45, 59, 
60, 06, 117, 152-3, 222, 
225, 276, 287. 
books, 59, 196, 225. 
poll and estate, 26, 60, 86, 135, 180, 

259, 275-6. 
chimney tax, 55. 
on wheel carriages, 115, 128. 
on licenses for sale of liquor, 116, 128. 
tax in order to supply lamps, 128. 
tea, 8, 12, 13, 17, 20, 142-44. 
Province tax, 222, 296. 
list of names of persons not paying 

their, 225. 

list of absentees, 274. 
Tea, non-importation of, 8,12, 13, 17,20, 142- 

44, 147. 

consumption of, to discountenance, 20. 
sellers of, 20. 
tax, see Taxes. 
Titles, nee Deeds. 
Toleration Act, the, see Act. 
Town, the, see Boston. 

dock, see Dock, the. 
House, 14, 129. 
clock, see Clock, 
loans, see Loans. 

meetings, 1, 2, 4, 14, 15, 17, 19, 21, 32, 
33, 35, 36, 53, 54, 59, 61, 
62, 64, 77, 78, 87, 88, 89, 
93, 106, 108, 110, 121, 122, 
123, 123, 12,1,141,145,146, 
147, 148, 150,157,1112,172, 
185, 189, 194, 196, 205, 207, 
208, 212, 222, 22J, 2J4, 225, 
227, 234, 23 ; J, 247, 249, 250, 
259,265, 207, 209, 277, 282, 
287, 288, 291, 293, 2J4, 295, 
296, 297. 

warnings to attend, 17, 21, 
32,33,35,36,53,61,63, 77, 
87, 88, 89, 93, 108, 110, 121, 
128, 141, 146, 147,148, 150, 
160, 162, 172, 1S5, 189, 214, 
227, 234, 259, 2 U', 250, 259, 
267, 269,277, 232, 2S8, 291, 
2D3, 290, 'JUT. 

officers, 1, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 19, 20, 35, 
36, 38, 39, 40, 41-3, 44, 64-5, 66, 68, 
74, 75, 77, 94, 110, 111, 112, 114, 120, 
121, 126, 127, 150, 151, 134, 155-6, 
174, 176, 180, 187, 196, 19S, 201, 216, 
217, 218, 220-21, 224, 227-30, 242, 
243, 246, 248, 258, 269, 271-73, 275, 
279, 281, 237, 291, 292, 293. 
orders, see Orders, town, 
treasurer, see Treasurer, 
visitation of the, see Visitation, 
watch, see Watch. 
Trades, interests of, 85, 142-44, 173, 175, 176, 

276, 2S5. 
losses, 255. 
Trades : 

bakers, 263. 
blacksmiths, 127, 175. 
carpenters, 127. 
masons, 81. 

Tradesmen, 142, 188, 262. 
Tradesmen's Protest, 142, 145. (See also 

Newspapers.) 
Transportation of families, etc., into the 

country and back to Boston, 2~>7. 
Treasurer, town, 6, 12, 25, 4">, 46, 56-7, 58, 
65, 70, 74, 80, 82, 116, 117, 
130, 131, 141, 156-7, 162, 
171,179,181, IS'5, 188,196, 
214, 221, 236, 280, -289,294, 
295. 

accounts of, 25-26, 45, 56-7, 
58, 60, 70, 74, 77, 86, 87, 
117, 134-5, 101-2, 231, 257, 
2)9. 

choice of, 40, 111, l'-2, 
218. 



316 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 91. 



Treasurer, county, 8, 39, 44, 45, 65, 69, 111, 

115,141,152,213, 230. 
Province, 45, 09, 141. 

Treasury, debit and credit of the, 11, 45, 49, 
57, 53, 59, 60, 69, 74, 87, 117, 135, 157, 161, 
221, 231, 257, 258, 273. 

Treason, the return of certain persons, with- 
out permission, to be accounted as, 279. 

Twenty-ninth Regiment. (/See also Sol- 
diers.) 

Union street, 35, 213. 

new street from end of, across 

Friend, 119, 159, 164. 
United States, see America, United States of. 

Valuation for apportioning the State Tax, 

296. 

Virginia, 134. 
Visitation, 240-1, 245, 246. 
statistics, 246. 
Volunteers, 279. (See also Soldiers.) 

Wards or Precincts, 11, 19, 43, 56, 67-8, 76, 
117, 136, 155, 163, 232, 240-41, 245, 253-54, 
255, 260-61, 264, 235, 276, 277, 283, 239, 
200, 2J2, 293, 294. 

Warrants, 12, 13, 14, 17, 21, 22, 33, 34, 35, 36, 39, 
47, 53, 54, 55, 58, 61, 62, 63, 61, 71, 72, 74, 
75, 78, 79, 80, 93, 10S, 110, 118, 119, 121, 
129, 131, 141, 142, 147, 148, 150, 15S, 159, 
162, 171, 172, 173, 176, 179, 185, 186, 187, 
190, 191, 201, 202, 207, 216, 223, 233, 234, 
235, 236, 239, 2-10, 241, 242, 243, 247, 249, 
250, 251, 252, 259, 260, 235, 266, 267, 269, 
275, 277, 278, 280, 282, 233, 237, 289, 291, 
293, 294, 296, 297, 298. 
Watch, 4, 8, 44, 51, 195. 
military, 15. 
houses, 51, 118, 195. 
men, 193, 297. 
town, 253, 297. 

Water course, see Beacon Hill. 
Watertown, 8, 10, 225, 226, 234. 
Ways, streets, highways, tic. 

surveyors of, 11, 45, 156, 221,231, 273. 

to widen, 53. 

new, laid out, 13, 57. 

Sudbury street nuisance in, to abate, 

14. ' 

passage-way from Faneuil Hall mar- 
ket into Ann and Union streets a 
nuisance, 35. 



Ways, passage from Milk street, to improve 

61, 80, 82. 

at the Neck, to repair, 86. 
from Ann to Middle, to widen, 53. 
Hog alley, nuisance in, 116-17, 125. 
Sea street, to repair, 119, 137. 
new, to lay out, 119, 159, 164. 
names of streets, to affix, 125. 
incurnbrances on Neck, to remove. 

171. 

Kilby street, to pave, 134. 
South street, to pave, 134. 
Bock square, incumbrances in, to re- 
move, 158, 212-13. 
incumbrances, to remove, 159. 
Weights ami Measures, 233. 

weighing of hay, 287. 

Wells, to dig, 171, 178. (See also Dock, the.) 
West Boston, 'J24. 
West end (called New Boston). 

watchhouse at, to erect, 118. (See 

a loo Watch.) 
West Indies, 174,175. 

goods from the, 264. (See also 

Islands.) 
Wharfingers 290. 
Wharves, 159, 186, 224. 

damages to, 256. 
Hancock's, 88. 

at South end, to build, 181, 182. 
Wheelwright's, 21. 
Wheat, see Breadstuffs. 

surveyors of, 11, 43, 68, 114, 156, 

221,231,273. 
Wheelwright's wharf, 21. (See also 

Wharves.) 
Windham, 179. 
Winter street, 126. 
Wood, cord, 158, 159, 294. 

forestalling of, 219, 250, 252. 
measurers of, 253. 
Wood, 290. 

surveyors of boards, 9, 11, 41-2, 66, 74, 

75, 113. 154, 156, 220, 229, 272. 
cullers of staves, 10, 42, 67, 75, 113, 

154-55, 163, 272. 
hoops, 163, 220, 230. 
lumber, 159, 210. 
Wool, poor, employed in spinning, 71. 

Act restraining the transportation of, 

104. 
Workhouse, vaults of the, 71. 



BOSTON PUBLIC 



LIBRARY 



FORM NO. 522: 6,3.54. 4M.