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Full text of "Records relating to the early history of Boston .."

A REPORT 



RECORD COMMISSIONERS 



CITY OF BOSTON, 



CONTAINING THE 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1778 TO 1783. 




BOSTON: 

ROCKWELL AND CHURCHILL, CITY PRINTERSc 
1895. 



[DOCUMENT 80 1895.] 




A REPORT 



RECORD COMMISSIONERS. 



The Twenty-sixth Report of the Record Commissioners is 
a continuation of the Eighteenth, and contains the proceed- 
ings of the Town from 1778 through 1783, concluding the 
period of the Revolution. 

WM. H. WHITMORE, 

Gity Registrar. 

OLD COURT HOUSE, BOSTON. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS. 



[SIXTH BOOK, CONTINUED.] 



[151.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston, duely qualified & legally warned, in public 
Town Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall, the 5 th . Day of March 
Anno Domini 1778. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. was unanimously chosen 
Moderator of this Meeting. 

The Comittee appointed by the Town the 5 th . of March last, 
to apply to a proper Gentleman to deliver an Oration the 5 th . of 
March instant, to perpetuate the Memory of the horrid Massacre 
perpetrated on the Evening of the 5 th . of March 1770, by a Party 
of Soldiers under the Command of Capt. Thomas Preston of the 
29 th Regiment Reported 

That having met together several Times for the Purpose 
mentioned in the Town Vote, they had unanimously made Choice 
of Jonathan William Austin Esq to deliver an Oration on the 5 th . 
of March instant ; who had accordingly accepted of that Service. 

The above Report having been made by the Chairman of the 
Comittee, the Question was put Whether the same shall be 
accepted Passed in the Affirmative. 

Upon a Motion made the Town took into Consideration, what 
would be the best Time to have the Oration pronounced ; as also 
what Place would be most suitable for the Purpose- 1 Whereupon 

Voted, That the Oration be delivered at \ past 12 O'Clock, at 
the Old Brick Meeting House, the Hall not being capacious 
enough to receive the Inhabitants that attend on the Occasion 
The Committee of that Society having before consented, that the 
Meeting House should be made Use of for this Purpose. 
Voted that Joseph Greenleaff Esq. 

The Hon ble . John Pitts Esq. 
Ellis Gray Esq. 

[152,] Be a Comittee to wait on Jonathan William Austin 
Esq. & acquaint him that it is the Desire of the Town, that the 
Oration may be delivered at the Old Brick Meeting House, at 
past Twelve O'Clock this Day. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to the Old Brick Meeting 
House, \ past 12 O'Clock. 



2 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

The Town met according to Adjournment | past 12 O'Clock at 
the Old Brick Meeting House 

The Committee appointed to wait on Jonathan William Austin 
Esq. to acquaint him with the Vote of the Town, respecting the 
Time & Place for the Delivery of an Oration Reported 

That said Gentleman was ready to comply with the Orders of 
the Town. 

An Oration to commemorate the horrid Massacre of the Fifth of 
March 1770, & to impress upon the Minds of the Citizens the 
ruinous Tendency of standing Armies, being placed in free & 
populous Cities &c. was delivered by Jonathan William Austin 
Esq to a large & crowded Audience and received by them with 
great Applause 

Upon a Motion made & seconded 
Voted that the Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq. 
M r . Joseph Barrel 
Ellis Gray Esq. 
Samuel Barrel Esq. 
Hon ble . John Pitts Esq. 
M r . Elias Parkman 
Joseph Greenleaff, Esq. 

be, & hereby are appointed a Coiiiittee to wait upon Jonathan 
William Austin Esq. & in the Name of the Town to thank him for 
the spirited & elegant Oration delivered by him at their Request, 
in Commemoration of the horrid Massacre [153.] Perpetrated 
on the Evening of the Fifth of March 1770, by a Party of Soldiers 
of the 29 th . Regiment, under the Command of Captain Thomas 
Preston, & to request of him a Copy thereof for the Press. 
On a Motion made & seconded 

Voted that 
The Hon ble . Samuel Adams 

Nathaniel Barber Esq. 
William Cooper Esq. 
John Pitts Esq. 
John Scollay Esq. 
Jonathan William Austin Esq. 
Perez Morton Esq. 

be, & hereby are appointed a Committee, to apply to a proper 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the 5 th . of March next, to 
perpetuate the Memory of the horrid Massacre perpetrated on the 
Evening of the 5 th . of March 1770, by a Party of Soldiers of the 
29 th . Regiment, under the Command of Capt. Thomas Preston ; & 
to impress on our Minds the ruinous Tendency of standing Armies 
being placed in free & populous Cities, in a Time of Peace ; & 
the Necessity of such Noble Exertions, in all future Times, as the 
Inhabitants of the Town then made, whereby the Designs of the 
Conspirators against the public Peace, may be still frustrated. 

A small Collection was made at this Meeting for M r . Christopher 
Monk, a young Man now languishing under a Wound he received 
in his Lungs, by a Shot from Preston's bloody Party of Soldiers 
on the 5 th . of March 1770. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1778. 3 

[154.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duely qualified & legally warned, in public 
Town Meeting assembled at Faueuil Hall on Monday the 9 th Day 
of March Anno Domini 1778. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r . Cooper. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Sundry Laws enjoined to be read at this Meeting were accord- 
ingly read 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting by a Majority of Votes, & took his Seat accordingly. 

M r . William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year en- 
suing, by a Majority of Votes, & took the Oath of Office for the 
faithful Discharge of his Duty, which Oath was administred by 
Joseph Greenleaff Esq. 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of nine Selectmen, & the 
Votes being brought in & sorted, it appeared, that 
John Scollay Esq. 
Samuel Austin Esq. 
Oliver Wendeell Esq. 
John Pitts Esq. 
Capt Gustavus Fellows 
M r . Harbottle Dorr 
Thomas Greenough 
Jonathan Williams Esq. 
Capt John Preston 
were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing. 

The Inhabitants bro't in their Votes for Twelve Overseers of 
the Poor & upon sorting them it appear'd that 
The Hon ble . William Phillips Esq. 

Issac Smith Esq. 

[155.] M r . Jonathan Mason 

Capt Samuel Partridge 
M r . Samuel Whitwell 
M r . John White 
Edward Procter Esq. 
William Powell Esq. 
M r . John Sweetser jun r . 
Samuel Barret Esq. 
M r . Samuel Hewes 
M r . Nicholas Bowes 

were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the year ensuing. 
Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P.M. 

3 'Clock P.M. met according to Adjournment 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, the Question was put, 
Whether Collectors of Taxes shall be chose seperate from Con- 
stables Passed in the Affirmative. 

On a Motion made the Question was put Whether the sum of 
Five Pounds shall be remitted out of the Ten Pounds Fine to such 
Persons as shall be chose into the Office of Constable for the Year 
ensuing Passed in the Negative. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for twelve Wardens, & 
upon sorting them it appeared, that 



4 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

M r . Henderson Inches ... excused 

M r . Nathan Frazier 

M r . Harbottle Dorr 

M r . William Bant 1). 

M r . William McNiel 
M r . Nathaniel Barret 
Capt Isaac Phillips 

M r . Edward Grant - - - - D. 

M r . Samuel Dyer 

[156.] M r . Joseph Callender 

M r . John May 
Capt Jacob Williams 
were chosen Wardens for the Year ensuing. 

The Inhabitants brought in their votes for a CoiTiittee of Corre- 
spondence, Inspection & Safety, & upon Sorting them it appeared 
that 

Capt Nathaniel Barber 

M r . William Davis ----- excused 

Perez Morton Esq. 

M r . Ebenezer Dorr D. 

John Winthrop Esq. D. 

Capt John Simkins 
M r . Moses Grant 
D r . Peter Roberts 

Capt Amassa Davis - - - - - " - D. 
M r . Edward Green 
M r . John Lowell 

were chose a Comittee of Correspondence, Inspection and Safety 
for the Year ensuing 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Sixteen Fire Wards, 
& upon sorting them it appear'd, that 
John Scollay Esq. 

Newman Greenough Esq. - - excused 

William Cooper Esq. 
Edward Proctor Esq. 
Francis Shaw Esq. 
Capt John Pulling 
Ebenezer Hancock Esq. 
Paul Reviere Esq. 
Major Andrew Symmes 
Thomas Crafts Esq. 
[157.] Capt Joseph Webb 

John Winthrop Esq. 
M r . Thomas Tileston 
Capt Gustavus Fellows 
Capt John Ballard 
Caleb Davis Esq. 
were chose Fire Wards for the Year ensuing. 

The Inhabitants, brought in their Votes for a Town Treasurer, 
& upon sorting them it appeared, that 

David Jeffries Esq. 
was chosen Town Treasurer for the Year ensuing. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1778. 5 

Mess". William Crafts 
John Lambert jun r . 
Nathaniel Wales 
Moses Ayres 
Samuel Dyer 

were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 
Mess 8 . John Champney 
John Page 
Edward Ranger 
Joseph Ballard 
Benjamin Page 
William Ellison 
Joseph Butler 
Nathan Bradley 
Elisha Byles 
William Moor 
Andrew Symmes 
Thomas Uran 
John Neal 
Nathan Hancock 
Benjamin Eustis 
William Todd 
Henry Blaisdel 
[158.] Were chose Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing. 

Capt Edward Games 

was chosen a Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensuing 
Mess 9 . William Andrews 
Joseph Clark 
Nathan Green 
Samuel Bangs 
were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 

M r . Adam Colson 

was chose an Informer of Deer for the Year ensuing. 
Mess 8 . Manasseh Masters 
Joseph Dyer 
John Owen 
Joshua Pico 
Benjamin Bernard 
Samuel Haley 
Job Wheelwright 
Paul Baxter 
Nathan Spear 
Edward Cowell 
Ebenezer Woodward 

were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing. 
Mess 9 . Charles Simpson 
Nathan Cobbet 
Benjamin Wheeler 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing. 

M r . William M c .Fadden was chosen a Hayward for the Year 
ensuing. 



6 CITY DOCUMENT No. )SO, 

Mess 8 . John Sigorney ------ Wards N.l. 

John Lambert- ------ -2. 

John Cumberfoot --._--.. 3. 
John Coggshell --------- 4. 

[159.] "Mess". Thomas Baley Ward N. 5. 

Moses Bradley --------- 6. 

Elijah Campbell ------ - - 7. 

Edward Gray ---------- 8. 

Daniel Parks ---------- 9. 

John Ballard - - 10. 

Stephen Cleverly -- n. 

John Lucas ------_-.- 12. 

were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing 

On a Motion made, Voted, that the Choice of Constables be re- 
ferred to the Adjournment. 

Votes for a County Treasurer being brought in, & sealed up in 
Town Meeting, were delivered to M r . Constable Thomas, to be by 
him returned to the Court of General Sessions of the Peace at 
their next Meeting 

The Inhabitants bro't in their Votes for Twelve Assessors, & 
upon sorting them it appeared, that 

Deacon Jonathan Brown 
Gyles Harris Esq. 
M r . William Lowder 
M r . George B. Gidney 
Deacon Thomas Foster 
John R. Sigorney 
Edward Green 
Samuel Dyer 
Capt William Fleet 
Capt Samuel Dogget 
were chosen Assessors for the Year ensuing. 

The Selectmen were chose Surveyors of High Ways for the 
Year ensuing. 

Mess". John Lucas 
John White 

were chose Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing. 
[16O.J Jonathan Williams Esq. 

M r John Sweetser 
M r . Timothy Newell 

were chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing ; & they are 
desired & impower'd to give all needful Direction to the Keeper 
of the Granary ; respecting the Quantity of Grain to be soid & 
affixing the Price thereof from time to time, as Occasion shall re- 
quire : And the said Comittee are desired & directed to cause all 
the Grain belonging to the Town, to be ground at the New Mills 
near the Mill-Bridge 

Mess 8 . Thomas Green 

John Skinner 

were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing 
. Voted, that 

M r . Thomas Walley 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1778. 7 

M r . Ezekiel Price 

Thomas Daws Esq. 

Ebenezer Storer Esq. 

M r . Edward Green 

be & they hereby are appointed a Comittee to audit the Accounts 
of David Jeffries Esq. Treasurer, & also the Accounts of the 
Overseers of the Poor ; & the said Comittee are impowered, when 
they shall audit said Accounts, to allow such of the Overseers, 
as shall advance Money for the Relief of the poor, Interest on all 
such Sums from the time so advanced, until they shall have au- 
dited ; & they are also desired to report from time to Time, a State 
of the Treasury respecting Debts and Credits, & on any Matters 
that they may think proper. 

Voted that this Meeting be adjourned to Wednesday next, 10 
O'Clock Forenoon. 

Wednesday 11 th . of March, 10 O'Clock Forenoon, Met accord- 
ing to Adjournment. 

The Town brought in their Votes for two Assessors, & on 
sorting them it appear'd that M r . Joseph Henderson & M r . Benja- 
min Edes were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing. 

[161.] On a Motion made Voted, that this Meeting be ad- 
journed to 3 O'Clock P.M. 

3 O'Clock, P.M. met according to Adjournment. 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting 
being obliged to attend the House of Representatives, M r . Ezekiel 
Price was chosen a Moderator Pro. Temp, by a hand Vote. 

The Inhabitants bro't in their Votes for a Warden & upon 
sorting them it appeared, that Capt. Gustavus Fellows was chosen 
a Warden for the Year ensuing. 

M r . Benjamin Wheeler chosen One of the Hogreeves was 
excused by the Town from serving in that Office. 

M r . Thomas Hitchburne was chosen a Hogreeve for the Year 
ensuing. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for four Collectors of 
Taxes, & upon sorting them it appeared, that 
Mess 8 . Josiah Torry 
Francis Shaw 
Benjamin Cudworth 
Benjamin Sumner 
were chose Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing. 

Voted, That the Assessors be, & hereby are impowered & 
directed to set for Abatement of such Taxes, as they shall judge 
reasonable, on every clay of the Month following the Delivery of 
the Tax Books to the Collectors, Lord's Days excepted, & no 
longer, saving that they be allowed to set the two last Weeks 
in November, for the Abatement of the Taxes of such Persons, as 
had not an Opportunity of applying in the above limited Time, by 
reason of their being out of the State ; at which time they are also 
allowed [162.] And impowered to abate the Taxes of such Persons 
as may have died insolvent before the last Day of November. 



8 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Voted, that the Consideration of Schoolmasters Salaries, & all 
other Salaries & Grants, be referred over to the next May Meet- 
ing. 

On a Motion made, 

Voted, that the Consideration of Collectors Premiums be re- 
ferred to next May Meeting. 
On a Motion made, 

Voted, that M r . Ezekiel Price 

M r . Thomas Walley 
Thomas Daws Esq. 
M r . John Sweetser 
M r . Joseph Henderson 
Samuel Barret Esq. 
M r . Gibbins Sharp 

be a Committee to consider & report at the Adjournment, what 
Sum of Money it will be necessary to raise by a Tax to defray 
the Expences of the Year ensuing. 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz: "To consider Whether, 
agreeable to an Application of the House of Representatives, 
some more effectual Measures inaj' be taken for the immediate 
Collecting the State Tax " was read. 

Whereupon, the Collectors were called upon, when they made it 
appear to the Town, that they had paid in to the State Treasury, 
the whole of the State Tax, which had been committed to them to 
collect of the Inhabitants of this Town. 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz : " To consider whether, agree- 
able to a late Act of the General Court, a Comittee shall not 
now be chosen to make Provision for the Families of such non- 
commissioned Officers & Soldiers, as have engaged in the Con- 
tinental Service" was read & Considered, whereupon 
[163.] Voted, that 

Nathaniel Appleton Esq. 
M r . Henderson Inches 
Thomas Daws Esq. 
M r . John Sweetser 
M r . Ebenezer Dorr 
M r . Nathan Frazier 

be a Comittee to consider & report on this Matter at the Ad- 
journment. 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz : " What Method shall be taken 
to obtain Relief, in regard to the present extraordinary high Price 
of Provisions, & other necessary Articles of Life?" was read 
Whereupon, 

Voted, that M r . Samuel Whitwell 
M r . Ezekiel Price 
Samuel Barret Esq. 
M r . Joseph Barret 
M r . Thomas Walley 

be a Committee to consider & report at the Adjournment what 
they judge best to be done. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Monday next, the 
16 th . of March instant, 10 O'Clock Forenoon. 



BOSTOX TOWN RECORDS, 1778. 9 

March 16 th . 10 O'Clock A.M. Town met according to Adjourn- 
ment. 

On a Motion made Voted, that the Choice of Clerks of the Mar- 
ket be referred over to the Adjournment. 

The Selectmen acquainted the Town, that they had met the 
Physicians, who declared their Readiness to Innoculate the poor 
Inhabitants, & attend them Gratis, but expected that the neces- 
sary Medicines should be found them. 

Voted, that the Town will pay the Expence that may arise by 
the Poor Inhabitants, who shall be inuoculated, being supplied 
with Medicines, to carry them through the Small Pox. 

[164.] The Committee appointed to consider what Method 
shall be taken to obtain Relief in regard to the present extraordi- 
nary high Price of Provisions, & other necessary Articles of Life " 
Report 

That it is their opinion, that One Great Reason of the present 
Excessive Price of Provisions in this Town arises from the 
Averice Injustice & Inhumanity of certain Persons within Twenty 
Miles of it, who purchase great Part of the same of Farmers living 
at a greater Distance, & put an exorbitant Advance upon it, 
which our Necessities oblige us to give ; while they, having mon- 
opolized it, deal it out to us in such Quantities as they please, at 
a Time when the necessary Provision making for the Army, & the 
Consumption by so large a Body of the Enemies Troops in the 
Vicinity deprive us of the natural Relief we should otherwise have 
received from the uncommon Plenty, with which Heaven has 
crowned the Year. 

That to remedy so great an Evil & to save the Town from utter 
Destruction, they are of Opinion that the following things ought 
to be attempted, & if attended with Success would prove effectual. 

First That a decent, yet spirited Memorial be presented to the 
General Assembly, setting forth the unexampled Cruelty & 
Oppression, under which the Town labours from certain Persons 
in the Country, in Addition to their other Distresses, praying their 
Interposition, & humbly proposing as (in the Opinion of the 
Town) the most efficacious Remedy, that as severe a Law, in 
Addition to those already in Being, as can be framed, may be en- 
acted against the inhuman & unrighteous Practice of monopolizing 
the Necessaries of Life, & forestalling this Market. 

Secondly That an Agreement be earnestly recommended to 
the more opulent Inhabitants of the Town, to be entered into by 
Subscription, for the Relief of the more indigent, that in order to 
reduce the Price, so far as lessing the Demand will do it, they will 
on no Occasion whatever, have more than Two Dishes of Meat on 
the same Day on their Table and that they will avoid the Use 
of Poultry, & every other Superfluity as much as possible. 

[165.] Thirdly That the Inhabitants agree universally to 
make two Dinners p Week on Fish, if to be had. 

The foregoing Report having been read & considered the 
Question was put "Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affirmative Also 

Voted, that Mess*. Joseph Barrel 



10 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Thomas Walley 

Edward Carnes 

John Reed 

Major Samuel White 

Capt John Byles 

Ebenezer Hancock Esq. 

be a Committee to draw up an Agreement conformable to the 
foregoing Report, & that they endeavour to procure Subscriptions 
to the same. 

Voted, that the foregoing Committee be desired to prepare a 
Petition to the General Court, relative to Forestallers of the 
Market, & that they report the same at the Adjournment. 

The Committee appointed " to consider & report at the Ad- 
journment, what Sums of Money it may be necessary to grant for 
the Payment of the Schoolmasters, for the relief of the Poor, and 
defraying other necessary Charges " Report, 

That in a Review of the Charges of Supplies to the Aims- 
House, & to the poor of the Town in the several Wards, for the 
Six preceding Months, & on the most reasonable Estimate of the 
Sums necessary (considering the great Decline of Trade) to the 
Continuance of said Supplies for the Year ensuing, as well as to 
the Carding great Numbers of the Poor wholly, & others partly, 
through the Expences of the Small Pox as also from a View of 
furnishing the Assessors with a sufficient Fund for making Abate- 
ments in Taxes, pursuant to a Vote of the Town for that purpose, 
to such Persons as shall make it appear that they have been 
aggrieved in the same ; and of making provision for the Payment 
of Schoolmasters, & for other [166.]' Necessary Charges ; they 
are of Opinion, that the Sum of Ten Thousand Pounds will be 
necessary for said Purposes ; & that it is on every Account most 
eligible that the same be granted, assessed & collected as speedily 
as possible. 

The foregoing Report being read & considered the Question 
was put Whether the same shall be accepted Passed in the 
Affirmative. 

Voted, that the Sum of Ten thousand Pounds be raised by a 
Tax upon Polls & Estates within this Town for the Relief of the 
Poor & defraying other necessary Charges arising within the 
Town the ensuing Year. 

The Committee appointed " To consider what is necessary to be 
done respecting the Families of the Non-commissioned Officers & 
Soldiers, who have engaged in the Continental Army, in Con- 
formity to a Resolve of the General Court, passed September the 
29 th . " Report, 

That a Commissary be immediately appointed, whose Business 
shall be to provide a Quantity of Indian Meal, Rye Meal, Beef, 
Pork, Rice & Wood, & dispose of the same to the Families of the 
Non-commissioned Officers & Soldiers in Town, who have in- 
listed into the Continental Army, agreeable to the aforesaid Re- 
solve ; and that the Sum of four thousand Pounds be assessed 
immediately for that Purpose upon the Inhabitants in Addition to 
the Ten thousand Pounds, already Voted to defray the Common 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1778. 11 

Expences of the Town, the ensuing Year; & that the Town 
Treasurer be directed & impowered, to pay the same unto the 
Commissary that shall be chosen, as the said Monies are paid into 
the Treasury. 

The foregoing Report having been read, it was moved, & the 
Question accordingly put Whether the farther Consideration 
thereof shall be referred to the Adjournment which passed in 
the Affirmative. 

[167.] On a Motion made, Voted, that this Meeting be Ad- 
journed to Tuesday next, being the 17 th . instant, 10 O'Clock 
Forenoon. 

Tuesday the 17 th . Day of March, 10 O'Clock Forenoon, Town 
met according to Adjournment. 

The Report of the Committee appointed to consider what is 
necessary to be djone by the Town respecting the Families of- the 
Non-commissioned Officers & Soldiers, who have engaged in the 
Continental army &c was again read & considered, & the 
Question being put Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affirmative. Also 

Voted, that Mess". John Sigorney - - - - Wards N. 1 , 

John Bullard 2. 

Nathaniel Hitchburne ------ 3. 

Gibbins Sharp - - - - - - 4. 

Thomas Hitchburne 5. 

Joseph Hall - 6. 

Nathan Frazier 7. 

Benjamin Jepson ,---8. 

Jeremiah Belknap -------9. 

Thomas Daws Esq. 10. 

Hermon Brimmer 11. 

Thomas Baley 12. 

be a Committee, with such Persons as they shall -think proper to 
invite, to take a Memorandum of the Names of the Non-comis- 
sioned Officers & Soldiers, who went from Boston into the Con- 
tinental Army ; the Town for which they went, &, when it can be 
ascertained, the Company & Regiment into which they enlisted ; 
what Family they now have in Boston to be provided for, agrea- 
ble to an Act of the General Court, passed 1777 

Mess 3 . Abraham Hayward 

Clement Collins jun r . 
were chosen Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing. 

[168.] The Article in the Warrant Viz: "To consider & 
determine what is proper to be done relative to the Proceeds of 
the damaged Fire Arms, that were put into the Hands of a Com- 
mittee for purchasing new Arms for the Use of the Militia " was 
read, whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to make Inquiry, & 
report at the Adjournment. 

The Committee who received two hundred and fifty one Pounds 
seven Shillings & Two pence from the General Court, for the de- 
fective Fire Arms, belonging to the Inhabitants of the Town of 



12 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Boston, for the Purpose of purchasing Arms Report the follow- 
ing Account, Viz. 

To Cash paid for 28 Fire Arms D r . 122 - 4 

Ballance due to the Town 256 - 3 - 2 



378 -7-2 



By Cash received for Fire Arms sold - - - - C r . 127 

By Cash from the Town Treasurer - - - - 251 - 7 - 2 



378 - 7 - 2 
Boston March 9 th . 1778 

Errors excepted 

JOHN MARSTON, Chairman 
The foregoing Report having been read. 

Voted, that Mess 8 . John Marston 
Joseph Barrel 
Capt Jacob Williams 
M r . Martin Brimmer 
Capt Joseph Webb 

be a Committee to lay out the foregoing Ballance of 256 - 3 - 2 
in Capt Marston's Hands, of the Produce of damaged Arms sold, 
in good Fire Arms, to supply such of the Militia in this Town, as 
are without them, they paying for the same ; & to continue pur- 
chasing with the Money received for what they sell. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Monday next 22 d . of 
March instant, 3'Clock P.M. 

[169.] Monday 22 d . March 1778, 3 O'Clock Afternoon, met 
according to Adjournment 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for four Members of the 
Committee of Correspondence &c, & upon sorting them it appeared, 
that 

Mess 3 . Joseph Henderson 
Joseph Hall 
Capt William Brown 
M r . Foster Condy 

were chosen Members of the Committee of Correspondence, In- 
spection & Safety for the Year ensuing. 

Mess 8 . Samuel Greenleaff 

George Hamlin 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing. 

Newman Greenough having on Account of his Age desired to 
be excused from serving as a Fire Ward, he was accordingly ex- 
cused from serving. 

On a Motion made, Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be & 
hereby are given to Newman Greenough Esq. for his long & faith- 
ful Services, as a Fire Ward. 

The Inhabitants having brought in their Votes for a Fire Ward 
it appeared that 

M r . John Lowell 
was chosen a Fire Ward for the Year ensuing. 



BOSTOX Towx RECORDS, 1778. 13 

The Committee appointed to prepare a Draught of a Petition to 
the General Court, relative to Forestallers of the Market &c 
Reported the following Draught, Viz. 

To the Hon ble . the Council & House of Representatives of the 
State of Massachusetts Bay, 

The Memorial of the Town of Boston humbly sheweth, 

That their Distresses are great on Account [17O.] Of 
the very extraordinary Price of every Necessary of Life from 
the Country, that although the Charge of raising the Produce 
of the Land is but little greater on any Account than hereto- 
fore, nor so great, if we advert to the general Custom, with 
respect to the principal Article Labour, the Farmer has been in 
of paying One Bushel of Corn for a Days Work, whereas the 
Nominal Sum is Eighteen Shillings lawful Money, yet three Pecks 
of Corn will pay it; and altho' the Blessing of Heaven has 
produced an unusual abundance, yet they are pained to observe, 
they are obliged to give eight times as much for their Provisions 
as they formerly gave ; and considering the Sacrifice they have 
made of their Trade & Substance to the General Good, which can 
easily be proved to have operated hitherto entirely for the Good 
of the Landholder, they are constrained to say this cruel Con- 
duct is without a Paralel in the History of Mankind ! Your 
Memorialists would by no Means extend this to the Country 
indiscriminately, as there are some Instances of Brotherly Kind- 
ness, happy for this Town were they more common. 

Your Memorialists are sure their uncommon Sufferings are 
greatly encreased by the more than Brutish Conduct of those 
Wretches within a few Miles of this Capital known in the odious 
Character of Forestallers, who, lost to the Feelings of Humanity, 
purchase from those at a Distance, & retail it out to these un- 
happy distressed Inhabitants, at a Price suited to their unfeel- 
ing Hearts, & many of them add Insult to their Extortion. 

Your Memorialists apprehensive it will be impossible for them 
to subsist, unless a Stop is put to so merciless and distinctive a 
Practice, pray your Honors, that an effectual Law may be enacted 
against this Species of Wretches, & the Town thereby receive 
some Alleviation to this particular Distress. 

[171.] ' The foregoing . Memorial being read & considered the 
same was accepted by the Town, & the Selectmen directed to sign 
the same, & present it to the General Court 

M r . Edward Grant & M r . William Bant having desired to be 
excused from serving as Wardens, for Reasons offered to the 
Town they were accordingly excused. 

On a Motion made, Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to 
Fryday next, 3 O'Clock P.M. 

Fryday March 27 th . 3 O'Clock afternoon, Town met according 
to Adjournment. 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting 
being absent, the Town made Choice of M r . Ezekiel Price as 
Moderator Pro Temp, by a Hand Vote M r . Price not being 
able to attend. 



14 CITY DOCUMENT No- 80. 

Benjamin Kent Esq. was chosen Moderator of this Meeting Pro 
Temp, by a Hand Vote. 

The Report of the Committee appointed to consider what is 
necessary to be done by the Town, respecting the Families of the 
Non-commissioned Officers & Soldiers, who have engaged in the 
Continental Army in Conformity to a Resolve of the General 
Court, passed September the 29th was again read, & being 
duely considered, the Question was put Whether the same shall 
be accepted? Passed in the Affirmative. Also, 

Voted, that the Sum of four thousand Pounds be raised, by a 
Tax upon Polls & Estates within this Town for the Supply of the 
Families of the Non-commissioned Officers & Soldiers in the Con- 
tinental Army, in Addition to the Ten thousand pounds already 
Voted for the other Services of the Town, agreeable to the Report 
of the Committee. 

The Town bro't in their Votes for a Commissary to supply 
the Families of the Soldiers enlisted into the Continental Army 
agreable to the Report of the Committee, & upon sorting them it 
appeared, that 

[172.] Capt. John Simkins 

was chosen Commissary for the Purpose aforesaid. 

Voted, that David Jeffries Esq. Town Treasurer be, & he hereby 
is impowered & directed to borrow upon interest on the Credit of 
the Town, four thousand Pounds Voted to be assessed on the In- 
habitants, for the purpose of supplying Soldiers Families, & that 
he pay the same, as it shall be borrowed to Capt. John Simkins 
chosen a Commissiary to supply the Families of the Continental 
Soldiers in this Town. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for two Wardens, & 
upon sorting them it appeared, that 

M r . Benjamin Jepson 

Capt. William Brown 

were chosen Wardens for the Year ensuing. 

Voted, that all Matters & Things which remain unfinished be 
referred over to the General Town Meeting in May next, then to 
be considered & acted upon. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duely qualified & legally warned in public Town 
Meeting assembled, at Faneuil Hall, on Saturday the 14 th . of 
March Anno Domini 1778 10 O'Clock A.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator, and the same being bro't in and sorted it 
appeared that, 

The Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq. 
was chosen, who took his place accordingly. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz. "To consider and determine 
what is proper to be done with respect to the Small Pox, [173.] 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1778. 15 

Which, in the Righteous Providence of God, appears likely to take 
a sudden Spread in this Town " was read. 

The Selectmen laid before the Town a State of the Small Pox, 
by which it appeared, that, besides those who had been removed 
to the Hospitals there were about fifteen Families now visited 
with that Distemper and from the Accounts given by others, 
there was reason to conclude that, a greater Number of Houses 
-was infected. 

It being suggested that D'. Danforth a Physician of this Town 
had inoculated a Number of the Inhabitants 
Voted that Col : Daws 

M r . Joseph Barrel 
Ellis Gray Esq. 

be a Committee to confer with D r . Danforth relative to said Sug- 
gestion. 

The forenamed Committee having conferred with D r . Danforth, 
Reported, that the Doctor had assured them, that there was no 
foundation for the Report that he had not inoculated any One 
himself, & knew of no One that had been inoculated by any other 
Physician. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to 4 O'Clock in the 
Afternoon. 

4 O'Clock P.M. Town met according to Adjournment 

It having been suggested, that an Order had passed the Hon ble . 
Board, or General Court, permitting a Number of Col: Crafts 
Regiment of the Train to be inoculated in this Town, the Deputy 
Secretary M r . Avery was desired to attend the Meeting. 

The Deputy Secretary attended, & laid the following Resolve, 
which passed the General Assembly the 12 th . Instant, before the 
Town, Viz. 

Resolved, that D r . Joseph Gardner, be, & hereby is impowered 
to improve the Hospital at West Boston for the [174.] Sole 
purpose of innoculating such of the Soldiers in Col. Crafts Regi- 
ment, as may be willing to receive the Small Pox under the 
Direction of the Selectmen of the Town of Boston, who are hereby 
directed to put said Hospital under such Regulation, as has by 
them been heretofore established, & to continue their Vigilance to 
prevent the spreading of said Distemper ; & Col. Tho 9 . Crafts is 
hereby directed to afford said Selectmen such Guards & other 
Assistance is his power ; as said Selectmen shall require. 

The Town having duel}' considered what had been laid -before 
them relative to the Small Pox, it was moved that the Sense of 
the Town be taken theron, by the following Question being put, 
Viz. " Whether there is, in their Opinion, a rational Probability 
that, under present Circumstances, the Spread of the Small Pox 
may be prevented," & the same being put, it appeared to be the 
Sense of the Town, that it could not. 

It was then moved, & the Question accordingly put, 
" Whether such Persons, Inhabitants of this Town, who have not 
had the Small Pox, may be permitted immediately to innoculate" 
Passed in the Affirmative. 



16 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

It was also moved & accordingly Voted, that the Physicians of 
this Town be desired, that they do not innoculate any Persons for 
the Small Pox after the 24 th . of March instant. 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to acquaint the Physicians 
of the Town with the preceeding Vote, & that a strict Compliance 
with the same is expected from them. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders, & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duely qualified & legally warned, in public Town 
Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 4 th . day of May 
Anno Domini 1778. 

[175.] Warrant for calling the Meeting .... read 
The Inhabitants were desired to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes, for a Moderator of this Meeting, & the same being bro't 
in & sorted, it appeared, that, 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq was unanimously chosen Mod- 
erator. 

Several Resolves of the General Assembly of this State, rela- 
tive to new Draughts of Men, were laid before the Town by 
Col: Hatch, & read by their Orders. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz. " To consider & determine 
upon a Method for raising in the most expeditious & least burden- 
some Way, the Eighty Six Men ordered by the General Assembly 
of this State, to be draughted from the Boston Regiment, to serve 
in the Continental Army, or otherwise to act therein as they may 
judge best," was read, & after some Consideration had thereon 
It was moved & carried, that a Committee be appointed to take 
this Matter into Consideration, & to report what they shall judge 
to be best for the Town to do thereon, at the Adjournment of this 
Meeting 

Voted, that Caleb Davis Esq. 
M r . Joseph Barrel 
Thomas Daws Esq 
Col: John Hatch 
M r . Henderson Inches 
M r . Ebenezer Dorr 
Col: Thomas Tyng 
Major Edward Procter 
. M r . Hermon Brimmer 
M r . Ezekiel Price 
Major Joseph Webb 
M r . John Reed 
M r . Thomas Walley 
[176.] Be a Committee for the Purpose aforesaid 

A Letter from General Heath urging the immediate Cleansing 
of the Town from the Small Pox &c was read and the Inhabi- 
tants afterwards desired to proceed in cleansing their Houses, with 
all possible Dispatch. 

On a Motion made Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to 
Tuesday the 6 th : instant, 10 O'Clock in the Forenoon. 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1778 17 

Tuesday May 6 th . 10 O'Clock Forenoon met according to Ad- 
journment 

The Committee appointed by the Town to consider at large the 
State of the Town ; their Proportion of the Army, & the easiest & 
most expeditious Manner to raise the Eighty Six Men now ordered 
by the General Court, without adverting (at this time) to the 
Propriety or Impropriety of the Measui-e, with respect to this 
Town, Report 

That the easiest way will be by giving them a handsome 
Bounty. 

They therefore propose to the Town, that a Bounty of Sixty 
pounds lawful Money, including the State Bounty mentioned in 
the Resolve, be given to every person inlisting to make up the 
Number of Fifty men, ordered to join General Washington for 
Nine Months ; & a Bounty of Thirty Pounds to every Person in- 
listing to make up the Number Thirty Six men, ordered to the 
North River for Eight Mouths, who are considered as a Detach- 
ment from the Militia. 

These Bounties will amount to four thousand & Eighty pounds, 
to raise which the Committee adv.ise, that about Six hundred 
pounds now in the hands of the Town Treasurer for this purpose, 
& also the Sum of about four hundred pounds, generously 
raised by the Independent Company on this Occasion, be immedi- 
ately delivered to Col: Hatch, & that the remaining [177.] 
Sum of about three thousand & Eighty pounds, be borrowed by 
Subscription, which Sum shall be added to the next Town Tax & 
for the Repayment thereof the Town Treasurer be directed to give 
his Notes accordingly. 

That Col: Hatch be desired to appoint some proper Persons to 
beat up for Voluntiers until next Tuesday, on which Day the several 
Companies to be raised, & the Deficiency (if any at that time) be 
then draughted from the Companies : The Committee think it of 
very great Consequence, that the several Companies be enjoined, 
on no Terms, & in no way, to encrease the Bounty above men- 
tioned, as now the Men will be all on the same footing, & knowing 
the Extent of the Bounty, those who intend to enlist will do it 
immediately. 

The Committee would farther advise (should the Col: be re- 
duced to the disagreeable Necessity of draughting men, and any 
persons so draughted should pay their Fines) that the Fines 
so raised should be put into the Treasury, in order to make up 
the Sum now promised by the Town, & not as heretofore has 
been the Custom, divide it among those who should afterwards 
inlist. 

The Committee think it highly expedient, that due Care should 
be now taken to ascertain the Men raised, that they are for this 
Town. Had this been done in the late Levies, this Town had 
been delivered from this oppressive Draught, & saved a very large 
Sum of Money. 

The Town will do well to consider, that by the present Resolve 
of the General Court, no man from this Town, or any other, is 
allowed to inlist for any Town, but that they belong to ; so that 



18 CITY DOCUMENT No. 8U. 

those who may expect larger Advantages, will assuredly be 
disappointed. 

The foregoing Report having been read & considered, it was 
Voted, that the same be accepted & that the Committee be 
desired to sit again & report further at the next Meeting. Also 

[178.] Voted, thatM r . William Davis 
D r . John Loriug 
M r . Nicholas Bowes 
M r . Daniel Parker 
M r . William Gooch 

be a Comittee to procure Subscriptions agreable to the foregoing 
Report. 

On a Motion made Voted, that the Town will repay to Col: 
Hatch, whatever Sum it may be necessary for him to pay, as 
Charges incurred by raising of the Men. 

Voted, that David Jeffries Esq. Town Treasurer be, & he 
hereby is empowered & directed to borrow on the Credit of the 
next Tax upon Polls & Estates within this Town, a Sum, not 
exceeding thirty three hundred Pounds, for the purpose mentioned 
in the foregoing Report, for the Repayment of which he is to give 
his negotiable Notes. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duely qualified and legally warned, in public 
Town Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Wednesday the 13 
day of May Anno Domini 1778. 

Prayer was made by the Reverend M r . Wight. 

The Precept & Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - read 

Sundry Laws -------------- re ad 

The Town having determined to chuse Seven Persons to repre- 
sent them in the Great & General Court or Assembly, to be 
held at the Town House in Boston, upon Wednesday the 27 th . Day 
current the Inhabitants were accordingly directed to withdraw, 
& bring in their Votes for Seven Representatives, & then it was 
[179.] Declared by the Selectmen, that no Votes will be received 
but such as are unfolded, & that they propose the Poll shall be 
closed at 12 O'Clock. 

The Votes being brought in for Seven Representatives the 
Number of the same was found to be three hundred & forty- 
five & upon sorting them it appeared that the following Persons 
were Chose, Viz. 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq. ' 33 j. 

The Hon ble . William Phillips Esq. 227. 

The Hon ble . John Pitts Esq. , - - 342. 

Oliver Wendell Esq. 337. 

Caleb Davis Esq. 334. 

Ellis Gray Esq. 329. 

John Lowell Esq. -- -221. 

The Choice of Representatives being over, & declared by the 
Selectmen, the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1778. 19 

their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, in order that the 
Town may proceed in transacting the other Affairs mentioned in 
the Warrant ; accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew, & bro't in 
their Votes, & upon sorting them it appeared, that 

The Hou ble . John Hancock Esq. 
was chosen. 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock in the Afternoon. 

3 O'Clock in the Afternoon, met according to Adjournment. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz. "To consider what Regula- 
tions are necessary to be made respecting Faneuil Hall Market " 
was read, & after some Debate, it was 

Voted, that the Selectmen give Orders that the Doors of the 
several Arches in Faneuil Hall Market, be taken off the Hinges, 
& that the Market House be kept open & free from Incumbrances, 
till the farther Orders of the Town. 

[18O.] The Article in the Warrant Viz. " To consider 
whether Instructions shall be given to the Representatives that 
may be chosen " was read, & the Question being accordinly put 
Passed in the Negative. 

The Committee appointed to consider what is proper to be done 
by the Town, on their Voting to furnish the eighty Six Men 
ordered to be draughted, as their Proportion of the Continental 
Army Reported the following Draught of a Memorial to the 
General Assembly Viz. 

To the Hon ble . the Council & House of Representatives of the 
State of Massachusetts' Bay in General Court assembled. 
May it please your Honors. 

The Inhabitants of the Town of Boston beg leave to state to 
your Honors their Situation with Regard to the Continental Army. 

The Quota assigned this Town for the fifteen Battalions for the 
State, was one Seventh of the Inhabitants the Return made & 
sworn to by the Selectmen was 2852 including 188 Molattoes & 
Negroes; since which our Numbers are so decreased, that the 
Training Bands & Alarm Lists, by a Return from Col: Hatch 
taken last Winter, was only 1423. 

We have in the Continental Army 527, Rank & File (all of 
those who have Families are now supplied by the Town at the reg- 
ulated Price 85 Officers, 106 Artificers, 14 Quarter Masters, & 
other Officers in the Continental Department (exclusive of near 
300 in the Continental Navy) these we can prove by an exact 
Return, now in the Possession of Col: Hatch, and a Number of 
others, whose Regiment & Company cannot be ascertained at 
present, those together make the Number above [181.] 1000 
Men, without the 87 now ordered, or any regard had to Col: 
Craft's Regiment, many of which belong to this Town Besides, 
such have been the frequent Draughts from the Militia for short 
Terms of Duty, that almost every Man has served Twice. 

We trust the Court will not take Advantage of the Omission of 
the Place of Abode, & other Requisites in the Return of such Men 
belonging to this Town, as are inlisted into the Continental Army, 
for this Omission cannot in Justice be charged on this Town ; for, 



20 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

the Misting, the mustering, & the returning Officers, are all ap- 
pointed by the Court ; in one of those, or in the Designation of 
their Duty, must the Error lye ; & we are peculiarly affected, when 
we are told, that as the Return was not made according to the 
Mode prescribed, the Town is called upon, as delinquent, upon the 
Score of Omissions, though a very considerable Creditor upon 
that of Justice. We hoped, & we will still hope, the Hon ble . Court 
will be governed more by the latter, Consideration than the former, 
especially as they may remember, that, the Mode now prescribed, 
never made its Appearance, till after a great Number of our Men 
were mustered, Col: Bromfield made a Return according to the 
then Mode, which we suppose was agreable, as far as it went. 

We have exerted ourselves to supply the 87 Men now ordered, 
altho' we are convinced that we have,done more than our Duty, & we 
find the main Difficulty is a Consciousness in the Breast of almost 
every Individual, that we are greatly, very greatly oppressed in this 
particular, tho' we are determined to a man not to be out done by 
any Town in the State, & we trust it will appear, we have more in 
proportion in actual Service than any other, notwithstanding the 
many Draughts from this Sea Port, by Men of War & Privateers, 
without whose Assistance [18.] We had long before this been 
reduced to the most wretched Situation. 

We submit these Matters to your Honor, & we pray for such 
Redress, as Justice demands, we do not petition for favor, we ask 
not the least Alleviation in any necessary proportioned Difficulty, 
but we do expect, & have a Right to demand Justice; & when 
these Matters are equitably adjusted, if we then are delinquent, 
we are ready at all Events to supply the Deficiency, but if we 
have a Surplusage we expect to remain Creditors therefor. 

The foregoing Draught of a Memorial being read & considered 
paragraph by paragraph, the same was accepted by the Town, 
& the Selectmen are directed to sign the same, & present it to the 
General Court. 

Adjourned to Monday the 25 th . of Mav, instant 9 O'Clock 
A.M. 

Monday the 25 th . of May, 9 O'Clock, met according to 
Adjournment. 

The Hon bl *. John Hancock Esq. Moderator of this Meeting 
having signified to the Town that he was unable to attend the 
Inhabitants were desired to withdraw & bring in their Votes for a 
Moderator Pro Temp, the Votes being collected and sorted, it 
appeared that 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. was chosen. 

The Draught of a Petition to the General Court relative to the 
Men raised for the Continental Army, was again read, & after 
some Debate, Voted, that the same be recommitted. 

On a Motion made the Question was put Whether the Town 
will reconsider the Vote passed at the last Meeting not to give 
Instructions to their Representatives Passed in the Affirmative. 

[183.] Voted, that Nathaniel Appleton 
Joseph Barrel 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1778. 21 

Ezekiel Price 

Samuel Barret 

Col: Thomas Daws 

be a Committee to prepare Instructions for the Gentlemen who 
represent this Town in the General Assembly to report the same 
at the Adjournment. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to To-morrow 10 
O'Clock to meet at the Old Brick Meeting House. 

Tuesday May 26 th . 10 O'Clock A.M. met according to 
Adjournment. 

The Committee to whom was recomitted the Draught of a 
Memorial to the General Court Reported, as entered Page 165 
which Report was accepted, & the Selectmen were directed to 
sign the same, & handed to our Representatives, to be by them 
presented to the General Assembly. 

The Committee appointed to prepare Instructions for our 
Representatives, Reported a Draught, which was read, & after 
considerable Debate, it was moved, & the Question accordingly 
put That the Matter of Instructions subside, which passed in 
the Affirmative. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Monday next, 4 
O'Clock P.M. to meet at Faneuil Hall. 

Monday June I 1 . 1778, 4 O'Clock P.M. Met according to 
, Adjournment. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. Moderator of this Meeting 
being absent thro' Sickness. 

Jonathan Williams Esq. 

was chosen Moderator Pro. Temp, by a Hand Vote. 
[184.] On a Motion made, 

Voted, that M r . Ezekiel Price 
M r . Peter Boyer 
M r . Thomas Walley 
Samuel Barrett Esq. 
Deacon Tim . Newell 

Be a Committee to consider & report, what Grants may be nec- 
essary to make the several Schoolmasters for their Support the 
present Year. 

Voted, that all Matters & Things, which remain unfinished at 
this Meeting, be referred over to the Town Meeting on Wednes- 
day next for the Choice of two Selectmen 

Then the Meeting be dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, being 
free, & Twenty One Years of age, duely qualified & legally warned, 
in public Town Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Monday 
25 th . Day of May Anno Domini 1778. 

Warrant for Calling the Meeting --- read 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting by a Hand Vote. 



22 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

A Motion being made for an Adjournment on Account of the 
Small Number of Inhabitants at this Meeting, when Business of 
so much Moment, as the accepting or rejecting of the Form of 
Government agreed on by the late Convention, was to be trans- 
acted It was previously Voted, that at the Adjournment moved 
for, all the Bells be rung for ^ an hour, before the time of Meet- 
ing, & that the Constables be desired to go through their several 
Wards & desire the Inhabitants to shut up their Shops, that all 
qualified might attend the Meeting. 

[185.] Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to ^ past 
3 O'Clock in the Afternoon, then to attend at the old Brick Meet- 
ing House. 

3 O'Clock Afternoon, met according to Adjournment 
A Constitution & Form of Government for the State of Mas- 
sachusetts Bay, as agreed on by the Convention of said State 
February 28 th . 1778, to be laid before the several Towns & Plan- 
tations, in said State, for their Approbation or Disapprobation, was 
distinctly read & duely considered And the Question being put, 
Viz : Whether the Inhabitants do approve, or disapprove of said 
Form of Government, Nine hundred & Sixty eight Persons being 
present, & voting on the Question. 
On a Motion Voted, that 

M r . John Winthrop 
M r . Joseph Barrel 
Perez Morton Esq. 
M r . Ezekiel Price 
M r . Nathaniel Appleton 

Be a Committee to draw up Instructions relative to a Form of 
Government for this State, to report at the Adjournment. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Monday next, 3 
O'Clock P.M. to meet at Faneuil Hall. 

June 1*. 1778, 3 O'Clock P.M. next according to Adjournment. 

The Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq. Moderator of this Meeting 
being absent, occasioned by Sickness, 

Jonathan Williams Esq. 
was chosen Moderator Pro Temp, by a Hand Vote. 

The Committee appointed to draw up Instructions for our 
Representatives, relative to a Constitution or Form of Government 
Reported the following Draught, Viz. 

To the Representatives of the Town of Boston [186.] 
Gentlemen, 

You are hereby instructed by the Town of Boston to inform 
the Hon ble . General Court, that after mature Deliberation, in a 
very full Meeting, consisting of Nine hundred & Sixty eight, we 
Voted unanimously, to Reject the Form sent out by the Conven- 
tion, & proposed by them for the Government of this State in 
future, & to assure them, that a full Conviction of the Impropriety 
of this Matter's Originating with the General Court, was the 
Reason which induced us, the last Year, to instruct our Repre- 
sentatives, on no Terms to consent to any Proposals for this Pur- 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1778. 23 

pose; & we are free to declare, the Specimen we now have, in the 
Form proposed, has confirmed us fully, even to Demonstration, 
that we were right iu our Conjectures of that Hon ble . Body's being 
improper for this Business : A Convention for this, & ihis alone, 
whose Existence is known No Longer than the Constitution is 
forming, can have no Prepossessions in their own Favor, while it 
is hard for the General Court, upon a Matter of this Kind, to 
divest themselves of the Idea of their being Members; & the 
probability that they may continue such, may induce them to 
form the Government with peculiar Reference to themselves : 
To this we suppose it is owing, that the Legislative & Executive 
Branches are so blended, & that nothing appears, but that the 
Members of the Court may monopolize to themselves a Variety of 
Offices, which we are fully persuaded, the best Form of Govern- 
ment will ever keep these Branches intirely distinct, & the Mem- 
bers confined to their particular Duties, without Incumbrance. 

'Tis needless to particularize the many Objections which we 
could offer to the Form It is defective in its Foundation ; for it's 
surely of Importance, that all Forms of Government should be 
prefaced by a Bill of Rights ; in this we find no Mention of any : 
But, was it unexceptionable in all its Parts, except that of 
Representation, that alone would be [187.] Sufficient with every 
one possessed of the least Idea of Justice, or the smallest Knowl- 
edge of the Rights of Human Nature, to reject with Disdain, a 
Proposal so diametrically opposite to both. Representation ought 
to be conformable to some Rule, either Property or Numbers, or 
both; but in the Present no Regard is had to either, and Reason, 
Justice, & common Sense, must be tortured to a great Degree, to 
accept that Representation, as equal, which may be as Ten or 
Twenty to One: "For every incorporated Town, without ascer- 
taining the Number of Voters, may send one Member, while no 
Town, having any Number under three hundred, shall send more." 
If this is equal, if this is just, all the Rules of Arithmetic, which 
have been in use since the Formation of Figures, must be done 
away ; but until this new Rule of Calculation receives the Stamp 
of Authority, we cannot Consent to it; for we are possessed of 
that antiquated Notion, that two & two are always equal to four, 
& it appears to us absolutely impossible to prove the contrary. 

We were, & still are of Opinion, that a time of War is not the 
time to form Constitutions ; we feel the ill Consequence of this 
Matter, having taken up the time of the General Court, while the 
Army was neglected We wish the present may profit by the 
Errors of the last. Should it be declared, that this Form is 
adopted by two thirds of the State, you will be careful that exact 
Scrutiny be made, as to the Numbers, & at all Events enter your 
solemn Protest against the Glaring Injustice of Representation ; but 
should it meet the Fate we hope & expect, of a total Rejection, & 
a new one is proposed, you are by no Means -to give your Consent, 
but protest against & oppose it in every Stage of its Progress, & 
thereby do what is in j-our power, to prevent unnecessary Expences 
of public Money. 

The present Form of Government we look upon equal to the 



24 . CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Exigencies of the Times, & hold ourselves bound to support it 
with our Lives & Fortunes. 

[188.] At a proper Time your Constituents wish ardently a 
new form, & perhaps in a Day of Tranquility, such an One may be 
adopted as shall please all good Men, & save us from the Dissen- 
tious which we find attending the present Time. 

The foregoing Draught of Instructions to our Representatives 
having been read & considered, the Question was put Whether 
the same shall be accepted, & given to our Representatives as their 
Instructions Passed in the Affirmative. 

On a Motion Voted, that those Instructions be printed in the 
News Papers. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duely qualified & legally warned, in public Town 
Meeting assembled at Faueuil Hall, on Wednesday the 3 d . Day of 
June, Anno Domini 1778. 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in their 
Votes for Two Representatives, in the Room of the Hon ble . Oliver 
Wendell & John Pitts Esq r8 ., elected Counsellors ; & then it was 
proposed that the Poll should be closed at 12 O'Clock. 

The Votes being bro't in for two Representatives, the Number 
of the same was found to be 250 &- upon sorting them, it 
appeared, that 

M r . Joseph Barrel was chosen - 189. 

The Votes being bro't in for One Representative, the Number of 
tone same was found to be 218 & upon Sorting them it appeared 
that 

Thomas Daws Esq. was chosen - 128. 

[189.] The Choice of Representatives being over & declared 
by the Selectmen, the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & 
bring in their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, in order that 
the Town may proceed in transacting the other Affairs mentioned 
in the Warrant & those which were referred over at the May 
Meeting accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew, and brought in 
their Votes, & upon sorting them it appeared, that 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq. 
was chosen. 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock in the Afternoon. 

3 O'Clock P.M. met according to Adjournment 
The Town proceeded to the Choice of two Selectmen, and upon 
sorting the Votes bro't in, it appeared, that 
M r . Nathan Frazier 
was chosen a Selectman for the year ensuing. 

The Town again bro't in their Votes for one Selectman & upon 
sorting them, it appeared, that 

M r . Ezekiel Price 
was chosen a Selectman for the Year ensuing. 



BOSTOX TOWN RECORDS, 1778. 25 

The Committee appointed to consider and report, what Grants 
it may be necessary to make to the several Schoolmasters, for their 
Salaries & Support the present year Reported as on File, & the 
Question being put Whether the same shall be accepted? 
Passed in Affirmative 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred & Twenty Pounds be 
allowed & paid unto M r . Samuel Hunt for his Salary, as Master of 
the South Grammar School, for the Year ensuing, the same to be 
paid him quarterly, as it shall become due, and to commence from 
the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the additional Sum of One hundred & Eighty 
Pounds, for Six Months, commencing the l f . of March last, [19O.] 
Be allowed & paid unto M r . Samuel Hunt, on Account of the 
present high Price of Provisions &c. 

Voted, that the Sum of One Hundred Pounds be allowed & 
paid unto M r . Samuel Holbrook for his Salary, as Master of the 
Writing School in the Common, the Year ensuing, the same to be 
paid him quarterly, as it shall become due, & to commence from 
the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the farther Sum of one hundred pounds for Six 
Months, be allowed & paid unto M r . Samuel Holbrook on Account 
of the present high Price of Provisions &c. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . James Tileston for his Salary, as a Master of the North 
Writing School, the same to be paid him quarterly as it shall 
become due, & to commence from the Expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted, that the farther Sum of one hundred pounds be allowed 
& paid unto M r . James Tileston, for six Months, on Account of 
the present high Price of Provisions &c. 

Voted, that the Sum of one hundred pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M r . James Carter, for his Salary, as Master of the writing 
School in Queen Street, for the Year ensuing, the same to be paid 
him quarterly as it shall become due, & to commence from the 
Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the farther Sum of one hundred pounds for Six 
Months, be allowed & paid unto M r . James Carter, on Account 
of the present high Price of Provisions &c. 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty pounds be allowed & paid unto 
M r . William Bently, for his Salary as Usher of the South Gram- 
mar School, the Year ensuing, the same to be paid him quarterly 
as it shall become due, & to commence from the Expiration of 
the last Quarter. Voted, that the farther Sum of eighty pounds, 
for Six Months, be allowed & paid unto M r . William Beutly, on 
Account of the present high Price of Provisions &c. 

[191.] Voted, that the Sum of one hundred & thirty pounds 
be allowed & paid out of the Town Treasury, unto David Jeffries 
Esq. for his services, as Treasurer of the Town the Year past, & 
for all his Expences in that Office. 

Voted, that the Sum of one hundred and eighty pounds, be 
allowed & paid out of the Town Treasury unto David Jeffries 
Esq. in Consideration of the high Price of Provisions &c. 



26 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

The Committee appointed to examine the Accounts of David 
Jeffries Esq. Town Treasurer, have attended that Service, & 
find the same from March 1775, to March 1778 right cast and 
well vouched, in which he charges himself with sundry Rents & 
other Incomes of the Town, amounting to 10612 - 9 - 11. 

And the said Treasurer discharges himself by Abatements made 
the Collectors amounting 967 18-8 by draughts made by 
the Selectmen amounting to 4178 - 3 3 of which he has paid 
3922-12 - 3 by Draughts made by the Overseers of the 
poor, amounting to 5615 - 6 - If of which he has paid 
4991 - 10 - If & also by sundry Sums paid for Interest &c 
amounting to 150 - 3 - 5 The Debt of Account of Town 
Treasurer, in the Treasurers Books amount to Sixteen thousand 
two hundred & five Pounds 14 f 5 d . 

The Committee have inspected said Draughts in a very particu- 
lar manner, & every other Branch of public Charge, amounting 
in the whole to above 16205 14 5^ as by Account of Town 
Treasurer in Town Treasurer's Books Ballance where of being five 
thousand five hundred and ninety three pounds 4/6, is carried to 
the Debet of a new Account. 

Which Report & Account being read, Voted, that the same be, 
& hereby is accepted. 

[192.] Voted, that the Selectmen be, & they hereby are ap- 
pointed to act upon the List of Jurors. 

Voted, that the Sum of Thirty three hundred Pounds be raised 
by a Tax upon Polls & Estates within this Town, for the Repay- 
ment of the Sums borrowed by Subscription for the Bounty Voted 
the 6 th . of May last, to be given the 86 Men, raised by a late 
Order of the General Court, as this Towns Proportion of the Con- 
tinental Army, in Addition to the Ten thousand & four thousand 
pounds, already Voted for the other Services of the Town the 
present Year. 

Then the Meeting: was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duely qualified & legally warned, in public Town 
Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Wednesday the 24 th . Day 
of June Anno Domini 1778. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants bro't in their Votes for a Moderator of this 
Meeting, & the same being sorted it appeared, that 

M r . William Davis 
was chosen. 

The Town took into Consideration the Resolve of the General 
Assembly of this State passed June 10 th . 1778 the Selectmen of 
each Town in this State, are directed to pay out of the Treasury 
of their respective Towns, the Sum of fourteen pounds, to each 
Non-Commissioned Officer & Private, that shall be detached & 
Mustered, agreable to said Resolve, to serve in the Army, for the 
Defence of Rhode Island &c. 



BOSTOX TOWN RECORDS, 1778. 27 

[193.] Also Six pence p Mile for Mileage to said Men " 
Whereupon 

Voted, that David Jeffries Esq. Town Treasurer be, & he hereby 
is impowered & directed to borrow on the Credit of the next Tax 
upon Polls and Estates within this Town, the Sum of Seven hun- 
dred & fifty Pounds for the purpose mentioned in a Resolve of the 
General Court passed the 10 th . of June 1778, for the Repayment 
of which he is to give his negotiable Notes on Interest Also 
Voted, that Mess 8 . Daniel Bell 

Capt Jonathan Stoddard 

be a Committee to procure Subscriptions agreable to the foregoing 
Vote. 

Voted, that the Sum of Seven hundred & fifty pounds be raised 
by a Tax upon Polls & Estates within this Town, for the Repay- 
ment of the Sums to be borrowed by the Town Treasurer for the 
Bount3 r & Mileage, allowed by the General Assembly in their Re- 
solve, passed the 10 th . Day of June Current, to be given this 
Town's Proportion of the eighteen hundred Men, ordered to be 
raised by Draughts on several Regiments in this State to serve in 
the Army for the Defence of Rhode Island &c the same to be 
added to the next Assessment 

Then the Meeting: was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duely qualified & legally warned, in public Town 
Meeting assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Thursday the 6 th . Day of 
August A.D. 1778 

[194.] Warrant for Calling the Meeting read. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, & the same being brought 
in and sorted, it appeared, that 

The. Hon ble . John Hancock 

was chosen unanimously Moderator of this Meeting, and took his 
Seat accordingly. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz. " To consider and determine, 
what Steps are proper to be taken, with respect to a Number of 
Persons, late" Inhabitants of this Metropolis, who have sought & 
received Protection from the British King, and, as it is report d , are 
about returning to this Town " was read & also the Application 
to the Selectmen for Calling the Meeting After very warm De- 
bates upon the Subject 

It was moved that the Sense of the Town may be taken, 
Whether they will now proceed to take any Steps in this Matter 
And the Question being accordingly put It passed in the Affirm- 
ative Unanimously 

It was then Voted, unanimously, that it is the Opinion of this 
Town, that no one of those Persons, that have left this Town, & 
have sought & Received Protection from the British King, can 
return to it again, ivithout greatly endangering its Peace & Safety. 

Upon a Motion made, it was Voted, that 



28 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

The Hou ble . John Hancock Esq. 

Nathaniel Appleton Esq. 
M r . Thomas Walley 
M r . Commissary Devens 
Ellis Gray Esq. 
M r . Ezekiel Price 
[195.] M r . William Cooper 

M r . Joseph Henderson 
M r . John Winthrop 

Be a Committee to consider and report, at the Adjournment, 
what they judge' may be farther necessary to be done, respecting 
the Subject-Matter of the Warrant. 

On a Motion made, it was Voted, that this Meeting stand ad- 
journed to the first Monday in September next, 3 O'Clock P.M. 
And the Meeting was accordingly adjourned, 

Monday the 7 th . of September 3 O. Clock P: M: Met according 
to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to consider and Report what may 
further done to prevent those Persons that have left the Town and 
have sought and received protection from the British King. Re- 
ported, which Report being read and considered, was amended by 
the Town, and is as follows, Viz'. 

The Committee appointed to consider what may be further done 
to prevent these Persons that have left the Town, and have 
sought and received protection from the British King, Reported 
the following Vote. Viz' . 

Voted, that the Representatives of the Town be and they 
hereby are Instructed and directed to use their best endeavors in 
the Great and General Court at their next Sessions to have such 
Laws enacted as may effectually prevent a return, to the Town, or 
any part of the State, any Person whatever who has left this 
Country when in Distress, and has Saught and received protec- 
tion from the King & Government of Britain 

[196.] The Question being put, Whether the foregoing Report 
shall be excepted passed in the Affirmative, unanimously also 

Voted that the Town Clerk furnish the Gentlemen who Repre- 
sent this Town with an Attested Copy of the foregoing Vote. 

On a Motion made by a late Speach of the Patribtick Gover- 
nour Livingston, relative to the inexpediency of the absent Torys, 
being suffered to return to these States, was read 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duely qualified and legally warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 29 th . 
Day of September Anno Domini 1778. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

The Inhabitants were directed to bring in their Votes for a 
Moderator of this Town Meeting and the same having been brought 
in and sorted, it appeared that The Honourable John Hancock 
Esq r . was chosen Moderator unanimously. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1778. 29 

[197.] The Town being informed by General Hancock, that 
a Lameness prevented his Accepting the Honor done to him by 
the appointment, proceeded to the choice of another Person, and 
the Votes being brought in and sorted it appear' d that The 
Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq r . was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting unanimously. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . To consider of the request 
of the Overseers of the Poor, that the Town would take Measures 
for the immediate raising a sum of Money in order to procure 
Provisions, and other Necessaries of Life, for the present Supply 
of the Poor in the Almshouse, and to carry them through the 
Winter" was read and after debate had thereon, it was moved 
and Voted, that upon account of the thinness of this Meeting, it 
be Adjourned to Wednesday next 10 O'Clock in the Forenoon, 
also 

Voted that the Bell Ringers be directed by the Selectmen, to 
ring the last Bells for the Adjournment of this Meeting half an 
Hour before the time of Meeting 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned. 

Wednesday September 30 th . 1778 10 O'Clock Forenoon - 
Met according to Adjournment. 

The Article in the Warant relative to the request of the Over- 
seers, of the Poor, for the Supply of the Alms House, again read 
& after considerable debate 

[198.] Voted, that a Petition be preferred to the General 
Assembly of this State, that a Quantity of Corn now in the 
Hands, of the Hon ble . Board of War, may be disposed of to the 
Town, for the use of the State and Town Poor now in the Alms 
House ; as also for a Quantity of Wood, if it should appear, 
that considerable of that Article has been procured by the Board 
of War for the use of the State ; and that the Selectmen be a 
committee to prepare and Present said Petition also 

Whereas it has been represented to this Town by the overseers 
of the Poor, that they stand in present and absolute need of a con- 
siderable Sum of Money to procure Supplies for the Support of the 
Poor in the Alms House this Fall and the ensuing Winter. 

Voted, that it be and hereby is earnestly recommended to the 
Inhabitants of the Town to pay their Town Taxes to the Collectors 
immediately, in order that the Overseers may be furnished with a 
sufficient sum of Money for the purpose aforesaid and the Col- 
lectors are hereby directed to pay in the Money they may receive 
in consequence of this Vote to the Town Treasurer immediately, 
and the Town Treasurer is directed to supply the Overseers, of the 
Poor with a Sum not exceeding Five Thousand, five hundred 
Pounds, accordingly also. 

Voted, that the Committee appointed to assist the Town Treas- 
urer in borrowing Moneys for the service of the Town be desired 
to proceed in said business, till the several Votes of Credit are 
Compleated. 

[199.] The Article in the Warrant, Viz 1 . What steps shall 
be taken in regard to a late Resolve of the General Assembly of 



30 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

this State, directing the Selectmen of this Town to procure four 
hundred and Seven Shirts, and the same number of pairs of Shoes 
and Stockings for the use of the Continental Army " was read 

and after some debate had thereon, it was moved, and Voted, 
that the further consideration of this Article be referred to the 
Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. "To consider the request of 
the Assessors, that, an, adequate Allowance may be made them 
on Account of the extraordinary duty which now lays upon them, 
and in consideration of the high price of the necessaries of Life " 
was read, and after considerable debate, it was moved, that the 
further consideration thereof be referred to the Adjournment of 
this Meeting. 

The Article in the Warrant relative to procuring Shoes and 
Stockings &c for the Continental Army was again read and con- 
sidered, whereupon, it was Voted, the former Vote be reconsid- 
ered, for referring the further consideration of this Article to the 
Adjournment, and that the Selectmen be and hereby are directed 
and impowered to procure the Shirts, Shoes, and Stockings wanted 
for the Continental Army, Agreable to a Resolve of the General 
Assembly of this State for that purpose. 

[2OO.] Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Wednesday 
the 11 th . Day of November 10. O. Clock. A: M: 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned. 

Wednesday the 11 th . Day of November 10. O. Clock Forenoon 

Met according to Adjournment. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. "To consider of the 
request of the Overseers of the Poor, that the Town would take 
measures for the immediate raising a Sum of Money in Order to 
procure Provisions, and other Necessaries of Life, for the present 
supply of the Poor in the Alms House, and to carry them through 
the Winter " was read 

The Collectors of Taxes were then called upon, to acquaint the 
Town, with the success they had met with in Collecting Money, 
from their respective Wards. 

The Collectors having Reported, agreeable to requirement ; the 
Town were thereby led to apprehend, that the Overseers of the 
Poor, were like soon to receive sufficient Moneys for the present 
supply of the Alms House whereupon it was Voted, that the 
further consideration of that Article in the Warrant respecting 
the Alms House was become needless. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. To consider the request 
of the Assessors, that an adequate Allowance may be made them 
on Account [2O1.] of the extraordinary Duty which now lays 
upon them, and in consideration of the High price of the neces- 
saries of Life" was again read, and considered Whereupon 
it was moved and Voted, that the further consideration of this 
Matter be referred over to the Adjournment of this Meeting 
also 

Voted, that M r . Ezekiel Price 
M r . Peter Boyer 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1778. 31 

M r . Thomas Walley 
Samuel Barret Esq r . 
M r . Timothy Newell 

A Committee appointed at a former Meeting " to consider and 
Report what grants may be necessary to make the several School 
Masters for their Support the present year," be desir'd to take 
the request of the Assessors into consideration, and Report what 
they Judge proper to be done thereon at the Adjournment of this 
Meeting 

It was then moved, and Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned 
to Tuesday the 17 th . Day of November 10. O'Clock Forenoon 
And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Tuesday the 17 th . Day of November 10. OClock Forenoon 
Met according to Adjournment 

The Honb le . Thomas Gushing Esq r . [2O2.] Moderator of this 
Meeting, having Signified that he was unable to attend, by reason 
of Sickness Votes, by Order of the Selectmen were brought in for 
a Moderator Pro Tern , and upon sorting them it appeared that 

The Horib le . John Hancock Esq r . was chosen 

The Committee appointed, " to consider what Grants may be 
necessary to make the several Schoolmasters, for their support the 
present year" -Reported as follows Viz*. 

That a further additional allowance on Account of the present 
high price of Provisions & c . be made Viz'. 
To M r . Samuel Hunt - - - of 250 for y e . other 6 Months 
To M r . Samuel Holbrook - - of 140 for - - d. - - 
To M r . James Carter - - - of 140 for - - d. - - 
To M r . James Tileston - - of 140 for - - d. - - 
To M r . James Bently Usher to M r . Hunt of 125-- d. - - 

and for omission the last 6 Months, - 10 135 

The Committee appointed " to consider of an adequate Allow- 
ance to the Assessors on Account of their extraordinary duty and 
in consideration of the High price of the Necessaries of Life 
having attended the Assessors, examined their Business the 
present Year; Viued their method of doing the same, with the 
great number of Books, and Papers, they have wrote and gone 
through for that Purpose ; do find that by means of the repealed 
Assessments, they have been obliged to make, and the regular 
Method they have pursued [2O3.] In making those Assess- 
ments, and the General Valuation of the Ratable Estates, of the 
Inhabitants agreeable to a late Law of this State ; great Labour 
and much time have been Spent therein ; and that their whole 
number might be employ'd in the Service. 

We are therefor of Opinion That they ought to receive thirty 
Shillings per Day, each, during the time of their being employed 
in the Business of their Office, to commence from the Settlement 
of their last Account. 

The foregoing Report having been read, and duly considered 
the Question was put Whether the same shall be accented 
Passed in the Affermative 

The Report of the Committee to consider proper allowances to 



32 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

the Schoolmasters, having been duly considered, the Question was 
put Whether the same shall be accepted Passed in the Affer- 
mative 

A Motion was made and passed that this Meeting be dissolved 
And the Meeting was accordingly dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in Publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall, on Tuesday the 17 th . Day of 
November Anno Domini 1778. 11. O. Clock. Forenoon 

[2O4.] Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Votes for a Moderator, of this Meeting having been brought 
in and sorted, it appeard, that 

The Honb le . John Hancock Esq r . was chosen. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting-" to make enquirey why 
some obnoxious Persons that have returned are permitted to 
reside here contrary to a Law of this State ; and to receive from 
the Committee of Correspondence an account of their proceeding 
in the execution of said Laws and to adopt some spirited Resolves, 
whereby the Town may further testify to the World their deter- 
mination that those sworn Enemies to our rights and Liberties, 
who have fled their Country and engaged as volunteers, in the 
cause of Tyranny and 'shall never return to enjoy within the Walls 
of liberty and independence " was again read. 

The Committee of Correspondence &c being called upon for an 
Account of their proceedings reported see particulars as entered 
at large in the fair Quarto Minnet Book of Town Meeting trans- 
acted from Page 110 to 125 

On a Motion made Voted, that 

M r . Thomas W alley 
Caleb Davis Esq r . 
Perez Morton Esq r . 

be a Committee to wait upon the Board of War, and to request 
their Reason for Suspending the opperation of the [2O5,] Law, 
so far as it respects the sending M r . Johonnot out of this State 

The Meeting was then Adjourned to three O'Clock P: M: 

Three O'Clock Afternoon, met according to Adjournment. 

The Committee appointed in the Forenoon, Reported that they 
]iad waited on the Board of War, who were pleased to hand 
them an order to be laid before the Town, a Resolve of Council 
and the Board of Wars, replys, and a second Resolve of Council, 
which are as follows Viz'. 

State of Massachusetts Bay Council Chamber October 16. 
1778. 

Whereas it appears to this Board, that Francis Johonnot's case, 
now confined in the Common Goal in Boston, as appears included 
in the exclusion Act, passed the last Session of the General 
Court, is attended with sundry circumstances peculiarly favorable 
to him, And such as would have a great tendency to induce the 
Legislative Authority of this State to order his Liberation from 
Prison and exemption from banishment : therefore 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1778. 33 

Order that it be and hereby is recommended to the Board of 
War, not to send off Francis Johonnott who is now confined 
in Goal, in consequence of a Law that passed the last Session 
of the General Court, agreable [2O6.] To the direction of 
said Law, untill he can have opportunity to lay the State x>f 
his case before the General Court, and obtain their determination 
thereon 

True Copy 

Att 8 . JOHN AVERT Dep^ Sec y . 
To the Hon ble . the Council 

We the underwritten, Members of the Board of War, have 
received your Honours, recommendation, respecting Francis Jo- 
honnot now confined in Boston Goal on the exclusion Act, on 
which we beg leave to observe that however favourable 
any circumstances may appear in that Gentlemans Case, they 
apprehend the Law the common rule of all our conduct, has 
nothing discretionary with us, therefore to Suspend the opperation 
of so positive a State, on a recommendation only, we confess we 
are awfully afraid 

Samuel P. Savage 
John Brown 

War Office October Thomas Walker 

27. 1 778. Eleazer Johnson 

Isaac Phillips 

State of the Massachusetts Bay 
Council Chamber October 28 th . 1778. 

On the Petition of Francis Johonnot 

Whereas. M r . Francis Johonnott has lately been confined to the 
common Goal in Boston as a Person included in the Act intitled. 
" An Act to prevent the return to this State of certain Persons 
[2O7.] Therein named, and others, who have left the State, or 
other of the United States, and Joined the Enemies thereof" 
And in persuance of said Act, is to be transported by the Board 
of War, to some port or place, within the Dominions or in the 
possession of the Forces of the King of Great Britain ; and 
whereas it appears to this Board, that the case of said Francis 
Johonott is attended with many circumstances peculiarly favour- 
able to him, and which might induce the Legislative Authority of 
this State (if they were convened) to liberate him from Goal, and 
exempt him from banishment ; and his conduct during his Ab- 
sence, and since he fled from Great Britain has been such as that 
in case he should be sent out of this State, as is by said Act 
directed, he would be exposed to immediate distraction, liable to 
be apprehended as a Traitor to the King of Great Britain, arid to 
suffer the punishment Persons of such a character are by their 
laws exposed to : the sending him off therefore under such circum- 
stances would be looked upon by every considerate and Candid 
Man as a Species of cruelty, unworthy of Americans : therefore 

Ordered, That the Prayer of this Petition be so far granted, the 
Board of War be and hereby are directed and required, to sus- 
pending sending of the said Francis Johonnot, in pursuance of the 
Act aforesaid untill he can have an Opportunity to lay the State 



34 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

of case before the General Court, and obtain their determination 
thereon 

True Copy 

Att 8 . JOHN AVERY Dep y . Sec 7 . 
[2O8.] On a Motion made Voted, that 
Caleb Davis Esq r . 
William Cooper 
M r . Thomas Walley 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
M r . Harbottle Dorr 
D r . Nathaniel Noyes 
Col. Edward Proctor 

be a Committee to consider at large the Subject matter of the 
Notification, for the Meeting, and to Report at the Adjournment, 
what they shall Judge necessary for the Town to do thereon. 

It was then moved, that there might be an Adjournment to 
Monday next 3. O. Clock Afternoon ; And the Meeting was 
accordingly Adjourned 

Monday the 23 d , of November 3 O'Clock P: M: Met according 
to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to consider at large the subject Mat- 
ter of the Notification and Reported the following Resolves &c 
which with some amendments, were passed by a very great 
majority. Viz 1 . 

The Town having examined ^nto the Case and Circumstances 
of Cap*. Samuel Pepper, and M r . Francis Johoiinot, came into the 
following Resolves. Y r iz l . 

[2O9.] Resolved, that it appears to this Town that the 
Board of War have not proceeded with M r . Francis Johouuot, as is 
injourned them by the late Law of this State, having suspended 
the Operation of said Law so far as it respects the said Johonnot, 
untill the next Meeting of the General Court, by the order and 
requirement of the Houb le . Council of this State ; for reasons set 
forth in said Order 

Resolved, as the Sense of this Town that the Oath of Fidelity, 
being administred to Cap'. Samuel Pepper by M r . Justice Green- 
leaf, is indirect violation of a law of this State, prescribing the 
form of said Oath, and said Pepper still remaining among us, is 
dangerous to the peace and Safety of this and the United States 

Whereas this Town have divers times testified their indignation 
at those Practices, who have imbrued their hands in the Blood of 
their fellow Countrymen, and their determined resolution to do 
all in their Power to prevent their return, and at a late full Meet- 
ing of the Inhabitants, solemnly Voted. "That it is the opinion 
of the Town, that no one of those Persons who have left this 
Town and have sought and received protection from the British 
King, can return to it again without greatly endangering its peace 
and safety, ' And the Gentlemen who Represent this Town in 
General Assembly, having agreeable to their Instruction, Moved 
for, and obtained a Law to be enacted, prohibiting a return to 
this Town, or any part of this State, any such Persons whatso- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1778. 35 

ever ; and it appearing [31O.] To this Town, that said Law and 
others, in force are well calculated to preserve the Peace and 
Safety of this and the United States at a time of common danger, 
provided the same are carried into execution 

Resolved, That the Inhabitants of this Town will exert them- 
selves to the utmost in Supporting the Civil Magistrate in the 
execution of this Law, that those, professed Enemies to our Rights 
and Liberties, the first fomenters of our present Troubles, who 
have left this Country and aided the British Tyrant in his worse 
than Savage measures, to deprive Americans of ever thing that 
ought to be held dear and sacred by any People, may not return 
and enjoy in common, the fruits of what our immortal Patriots, 
have toil'd and bled to procure us, and in some future time to be 
again the base and cursed Instruments of British Seducers, in in- 
volving a happy People in confusion and bloodshed, in order to 
realise the reward, and private advantages held out to such 
Traitors by the Enemies of America 

And it is further Resolved, That our Representatives be and 
they are hereby are Instructed, to use Their influence in the Gen- 
eral Assembly, that the Laws now in being, relative to our 
implacable Enemies be not only preserved in their full force and 
vigor, but strengthened if there should be occasion ; this Town 
being of opinion, that no relaxation, can at this time be permitted 
without great hazard, not only to our peace but to the glorious 
Cause in which America is engaged 

[311.] The Committee of Correspondence Inspection and 
Safety, having agreeable to requirement Reported to the Town their 
proceedings in the execution of the late Law of this State prohib- 
iting the return of inimical Persons ; and it appearing to the Town 
that they have diligently and faithfully performed the duties 
enjoined them by the Laws of this State 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
them therefore ; and that they be desired to proceed with vigilance 
and activity in the further discharge of the Duties of their Important 
trust ; the Town being determined to afford them their countenance 
and support, while they continue to make the Laws of this State, 
the rule of their Conduct. 

On a Motion made and Voted, That the sum of Three hundred 
and fifty Pounds be added to M r . Hunts Salary for the Year end- 
ing the first of March next. Nine hundred pounds in considera- 
tion of the high price of the necessaries of Life 

On a Motion made, Voted, that the Sum of One hundred 
seventy five Pounds be granted to M r . William Bently, Usher to 
the South Grammar School, in addition to the Salary already 
granted him ending the first of March next, in consideration of 
the high price of Necessaries, which will make one half the Sum 
which has been granted M r . Hunt 

[313.] On a Motion, Voted, That all the proceedings of this 
Meeting be Published. 

It was then moved, that this Meeting be dissolved 

And it was accordingly dissolved 



36 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 13 th . Day 
of January Anno Domini 1779. 10. OClock Forenoon 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants were directed to bring their Votes for a Moder- 
ator of this Meeting and the same having been brought in and 
sorted, it appeared, that 

John Brown Esq r . 
was chosen unanimously. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To consider what measures 
are proper to be taken by the Town, respecting the present 
scarcit} 7 of Bread Corn and to prevent the further monopoly 
and exorbitant prices of the Necessaries of Life " was read 
and after some consideration thereon On a Motion made Voted, 
that the Bakers in the Town be desired to give their Attendance 
and inform the Town [213.] of the quantity of Flour and Grain,, 
which they, and others, may now have by them 

Several of the Town Baker's, attend'd accordingly, and in- 
formed of what they knew relative to the quantity of Flour and 
Grain, now in the hands of the Bakers &c 

On a Motion made Voted, that a Committee of thirty Six 
Persons, three for each Ward, be now chosen, to make thorough 
inquiry in their respective Wards as to the quantity of Flour and 
the other Necessaries of Life, now in Town and to Report in 
writing at the Adjournment 

Voted the following Persons be and hereby are appointed a 
Committee for the Purpose aforesaid Viz 1 . Ward 

Cap 1 . William Brown N. 1 

M r . John Sigorney 
Cap 1 . Silas Atkins 

Mess". John Lambert N. 2 

Nathaniel Barber 
Richard Flood 

Cap'. John Ballard N. 3 

Cap 1 . Elias Parkman 
James Sherman 

Col. Edward Proctor N. 4 

Francis Shaw Esq r . 
Edward Edes 

[214.] Cap'. William Craft N. 5 

M r . Daniel Parker 
Cap 1 . William Bell 

Cap'. John Hinckley 

M r . Joseph Hall N. 6 

M r . Benjamin Sumner 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 37 

M r . Benjamin Edes 

M r . Robert Wier N. 7 

M r . Joseph Levering 

M r . William Scollay 

Cap'. Winthrop Gray N. 8 

Col. Jonathan Pollard 

M r . Adam Colson 

M r . Thomas Walley N. 9 

M r . Joseph Shed 

Major Joseph Webb 

Deacon Robert Gardner N. 10 

M r . William McNiel 

M r . Samuel Ruggles 

M r . Thomas Tileston N. 11 

M r . John McLane 

Deacon Gibbins Sharp 

Cap'. Robert Davis N. 12 

M r . Ebenezer Dorr 

[215.] On a Motion made Voted, that a Committee of 
Nine Persons be appointed to take up the several matters, in the 
Warrant for calling the Meeting, and to report at Large what 
Measures they apprehend it will be expedient for the Town to 
adopt, in order to relieve the Inhabitants under their great and 
growing difficulties 

Voted, that John Brown Esq r . 

John Rowe Esq r . 

William Cooper 

Samuel Barret Esq r . 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

M r . William Foster 

Cap'. Amasa Davis 

Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 

M r . Nathaniel Noyes 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

On a Motion made Voted, that the several Wharfingers be 
desired to attend the foregoing Committee, and acquaint them 
with the present quantity of Wood on their respective Wharfs 

Voted, that the Meeting be Adjourned to Fryday next 10. 
O'Clock Forenoon and the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned. 

Fryday the 15 th . of January 10. O'Clock Forenoon, met accord- 
ing to Adjournment. 

The Committee of thirty Six appointed to make inquery in the 
several Wards, as to the quantity of Flour and other Articles, 
made Report in Writing [216.] Of the quantities of Flour and 
other necessaries of Life, which upon enquiry were found in the 
respective Wards 



38 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

The Committee of Nine made a Report as follows Viz 1 . 

The Committee appointed to take up the Several Matters 
contained in the Warrant, beg leave to Report, in part 

That they have conversed with the several Wood Wharfingers, 
and find that the Wood now on hand is sold to the Continent 
and State ; that the Coasters now demand twenty Six dollars 
for Wood, and that considering the high price of Hay &c. they 
cannot deliver their Wood under thirty six Dollars, but to prevent 
any further rise of that Article, for the present they have 
engaged to supply the Inhabitants with two hundred and fifty 
Cord at thirty Six Dollars in small Quantities not exceeding Six 
feet 

Your Committee by conferring with the Chairman of the 
Committee of Enquirey are informed that the present supply of 
Flour and Bread Corn is very scanty, therefore are of opinion 
that some measures must be adopted immediately to purchase a 
quantity of Flour and Grain for which purpose they recomend 
to the Town to appoint a Committee to Collect Subscriptions for 
Money to be advanced immediately and put into some trusty hands, 
to buy up a quantity of Grain and Flour, and [217.] have The 
same housed in the Granary, and sold to the Inhabitants at the 
discretion of the Selectmen or a Committee for that purpose, at the 
cost and charges, and as it may be necessary for the purchasers 
to go into the States of Connecticut and New York, your Commit- 
tee recomend, that an application be made immediately to the 
General Assembly requesting a recommendation to those States for 
permission to transport the same into this State. 

As there is now depending in the General Court a Bill to prevent 
forestalling and monopoly, your Committee have suspended the 
consideration of that Article till they can obtain further informa- 
tion respecting said Bill, but recomend it to the Inhabitants, not' 
to purchase any more of the Necessaries of Life, then they have 
immediate occasion for in their Families ; and that the present 
Possessors of Sugar, Molasses, Grain, Flour, Tea, Coffee, Choco- 
lat and Rice, be desired to retail the Same in small quantities 
untill the Town shall take further order thereon 

The foregoing Report having been considered, paragraph by 
paragraph, the question was put whether the same shall be 
accepted pass'd in the aff ermative 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed and impowered 
to -receive all the Moneys which shall be borrowed by the Com- 
mittee to be appointed to Collect Subscriptions, agreeable to the 
Report of the foregoing Committee also 

[218.] Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is 
directed artd impowered to give his negotiable Notes carrying 
Interest, and payable from three to Six Months, to such Persons 
as shall lend the Town Moneys for the purpose of purchasing 
Flour. &c agreeable to the foregoing Report 

On a Motion made. Voted, that the Committee to be chosen for 
the purpose of borrowing Moneys and purchasing Flour, and con- 
sist of Twelve Persons to be chosen by Ballot, in the Afternoon 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to 3. O. Clock. P: M: 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 39 

3 0. Clock P. M. Met according to Adjournment 
The Votes for a Committee of Twelve Persons, for the Purpose 
of borrowing Moneys purchasing Flour &c were brought in, and 
being sorted, it appeared, that 

John Rowe Esq r . 
M r . John White 
M r . William Bant 

M r . Gibbius Sharp excused 

Samuel Barret Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Wally 
M r . Samuel Hendly Esq r . 
M r . Isaac Pierce excused 

M r . John Lucas 
M r . Thomas Russell 
[219.] Cap 1 . Amasa Davis 

M r . Daniel Hubbard 
were chosen. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to the 16 th . Day of Jan- 
uary Ins', and the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Saturday 16 th . January. 10. O: Clock Forenoon met according 
to Adjournment 

On a Motion made and carried the Inhabitants were directed to 
withdraw and bring in their Votes for six Persons in addition to 
the Committee for borrowing Money and purchasing Flour & 
the Votes being brought in and sorted, it appeared that 

M r . John Sweetser 

M r . William Foster 

Major Joseph Webb 

Cap*. Gustavus Fellows 

M r . Samuel Breck 

M r . Henderson Inches 
were chosen 

The following Memorial and Address to Major General Gates, 
was laid before the Town, agreeable to a Motion made for that 
Purpose at the last Meeting Viz 1 . 

To the Hon ble . Horatio Gates Esq r . Major General and Com- 
mander of the Army of the United States in the Eastern Depart- 
ment 

The Memorial and Address of the Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston 

[22O.] The Inhabitants of the Town of Boston beg leave to 
represent to you Sir, that from their distresses occasioned by the 
present scarcity of Flour and Bread Corn, owing in a great Meas- 
ure to the Embargo laid thereon in the Southern States, a large 
Sm of Money has been subscribed for procuring a quantit}- 
thereof, for the more immediate relief of the Poor ; and not know- 
ing but that some Flour might be spared from the Continental 
Stores, which have been augmented from the Magazines of this 
State ; we pray you Sir, that you would be plcasejd either to give 
directions or recommend to the Commissary General of Supplies, 
the favouring us with the loan of such a quantity thereof, to be 



40 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

replac'd in a short Time, as you shall Judge may be spared 
without prejudice to the Publick Service, to which we are sensible 
every private or partial Interest ought to give place 

The Town take this opportunity in Publick Town Meeting 
Assembled, to express their high satisfaction in seeing this 
Military . Department filled by a Gentleman who thr. the favour- 
er Providence has acquired such uncommon Glory in the Field, and 
whose Services has been so happily important to the General In- 
terest of the United States and particularly to the present security 
of the Northern Quarter, and in whom as well as in your worthy 
Predecessor in this Department, we experience the amiable 
qualities of a good Citizen, combined with the accomplishments of 
the Soldier ; from whence we derive the most pleasing Assurances 
that nothing [221.] on your part will be ommitted, which may 
conduce to the relief, the peace and good order, as well as the 
defence of the Town 

Voted, unanimously, the foregoing Memorial and Address, be 
attested by the Town Clerk, and that 

John Brown Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting together with 
John Scollay Esq r . Samuel Austin Esq r . Jonathan Williams Esq r . 
M r . Harbottle Dorr. Cap'. Gustavus Fellows, Cap'. John Preston 
Deacon Thomas Grenough, M r . Nathan Frazier and Ezekiel Price 
Esq r . Selectmen and William Cooper Town Clerk be a Committee 
to present the same in behalf of the Town 

On a Motion made, that the Inhabitants might be directed to 
bring in their Votes for four Persons, to be added to the Com- 
mittee for borrowing Moneys and purchasing Flour &c the 
Votes for four Persons were accordingly brought in and sorted 
when it appeared, that 

Isaac Smith Esq r . 
Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 
James Bowdoin Jun r . Esq r . 
M r . John Barret Ju r . 
were chosen 

On a Motion, Voted, that a Committee be appointed, for the 
special business of making enquirey, with respect to some Persons, 
who lost to the feelings of Humanity are at this Season of dis- 
tress, endeavouring to enrich their little Selves by Monopolizing 
and forestalling the Necessaries of Life and that they Report at 
the Adjournment such Facts as they can ascertain 

[222.] Voted, that Cap 1 . John Ballard 

M r . John Kennedy 
M r . Adam Colson 
M r . Moses Grant 
M r . Thomas Uran 
M r . Joseph Lovering 
M r . Ebenezer Edes 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee for the purpose afore- 
said 

On a Motion. Voted, that the Committee of Nine, chosen to 
consider what is proper to be done &c. be directed to prepare a 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 41 

Vote defining the power and duty of the Committee appointed to 
borrow Money and purchase Flour &c also 

Voted, that said Committee of Nineteen be desired to proceed 
immediately in procuring Subscriptions, and purchasing such 
Articles as they may Judge for the Interest of the Town 

Adjourne'd to Wednesday next 10. O: Clock Forenoon Met 
according to Adjournment 

The Committee of ( Nine, appointed to consider and Report the 
Steps proper to be taken under the present alarming scarcity of 
Bread Corn and to prevent the further progress of Monopoly and 
Forestalling having Reported in part, and the Town having 
accepted said partial, Report, and in consequence thereof chosen a 
Committee of Nineteen to receive Subscriptions of Monies to be paid 
into the hands, of [223.] The Town Treasurer, for the Purpose of 
purchasing Hour and Grain and the Town havhig referred to 
this Committee to consider of proper Powers and Instructions to 
be given to the Committee aforesaid, in order to their adopting 
the line of Conduct intended by the Town in their appointment ; 
having attended that service beg leave to Report the following 
Commission 

To the Committee for receiving Subscriptions, and purchasing 
Flour and Grain &c 

Gentlemen 

Taking into our Serious consideration the present very partial 
Supply of Flour, Grain, and other Necessaries of Life, and deeply 
affected with the Melancholy prospect of these Misiries, which 
threaten us Unless, some speedy and effectual Measures are 
Adopted to ward them off, The Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, 
in legal Town Meeting Assembled, reposing special Confidence iu 
your Integrity, Prudence, and Humanity, have made chose of you 
as their Committee for the sole purpose of making as early Provi- 
sion as possible of the aforementioned Articles of Subsistence, and 
selling the same to the Inhabitants 

But in order to facilitate your Proceedings in said concern, and 
to prevent the Artifices of Monopolizers and forestallers from 
counteracting your salutary purposes and Measures, we have 
thought proper to give and do hereby give you the following 
Powers and Instructions, Viz 1 . 

[224.] You are in the first place impowered and directed to 
open a Subscription for raising by Loan a Sum of Money adequate 
to the design ; the same to be paid into the hands of the Town 
Treasurer, who is already impowered, and is hereby ordered to give 
his Recepts to the Subscribers for the same, payable with Interest 
in Six Months or a shorter term, not less than three Months, as 
may be by them limitted. 

And you are further impowered to draw upon said Treasurer 
for any Sum or Sums so deposited with him, who is ordered to pay 
the same on demand ; which sum or Suras, you are to lay out by 
your selves or agents in Flour and Grain, as you shall Judge most 
conducive to the Relief of the Inhabitants ; under their present 
or future distresses, said Flour and Grain to be brought as soon as 
possible into the Town, and deposited in the Granary or such 



42 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

other Store, as you shall Judge most convenient under the 
care and Conduct of Such Person, or Persons, as you shall 
appoint said Flour and Grain to be delivered out to the Inhab- 
itants, and to them only under your directions at the Cost and 
Charges 

The Money arising from the Sale thereof you are to deposit 
again in the hand of the Treasurer, aforesaid, Subject to your 
occasional drafts, who is hereby ordered to receive and pay the 
Same as aforesaid. and you are impower'd and directed to lay 
said Moneys, out and repay them to the Treasurer, as they shall 
arise from [225.] The Sale, in the manner prescribed, as often 
as the time limitted for the repayment of them to the Subscribers 
will admit, and the Necessities of the Inhabitants shall in your 
Judgement require 

The Charge 1 of Agents Commissaries Storekeepers and Clerks, 
of Storage, Expresses, Transportation, and other necessary costs 
attending your purchases and Sales, are to be included in the 
price at which you shall direct the Provisions aforesaid to be 
sold. 

You are further directed to keep proper Records of your pro- 
ceedings under this Commission, and fair accounts of the Monies 
received and paid, and of the Provisions, purchased and delivered, 
and to lay the same before the Town, when called for. 

And as occasion may require the interposition and assistance of 
the General Assembly, of tins State, you are impowered and 
direct'd to make such application for such purposes as to you may 
seem proper and necessary And finally to do all such matters 
and things and in such sort respecting the Premisses and the 
mode and Medium of purchases not heretofore dischribed and 
limitted, as your discretion, or that of any Seven of you which 
shall be a Quorum for all purposes, shall dictate 

Your Committee further Report that [226.] They have been 
favioured with a true Copy of the Bill now pending in the Great 
and General Court for preventing Monopolies, Forestalling &c. 
and flatter themselves, that if compleated according to its design 
and intended improvements it will answer the salutary purposes of 
such a Bill and render any proceedings, of this Town, except such 
as may be had in legal Acts of its Execution when promulgated 
unnecessary, and they therefor recomend a Recommitment of that 
Article of the Warrant calling this Meeting on which this Clause 
of their Report is grouuded untill the Adjournment 

The foregoing Report having been duly considered, it was 
Voted, that the same be accepted, and that a fair Copy of the 
Commission to the Committee, for borrowing and purchasing at- 
tested by the Town Clerk be delivered the Chairman of said Com- 
mittee 

The Committee appointed to present the Memorial and Address 
of this Town to the Honb le . Horatio Gates Esq r . Major General 
and Commander of the Army of the United States in the Eastern 
Department Reported that they had presented said Memorial 
and Address, and received the following Reply which they now 
lay before the Town Viz 1 . 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 43 

Gentlemen 

The Provision which has been made for the Relief 
of the Poor of Boston is a testimoney [227.] That watchfull 
Beneficence, which has characterised its Inhabitants To be de- 
prived of the Measures of Immediately forwarding the execution 
of their generious Designs, is a most painfull Situation, which 
affects me to a Degree, which their own Feelings will make them 
Conceive better than I can describe ; but the present State of the 
publick Stores disables me from indulging the Pleasure, which the 
full gratification of their Request would afford me I shall do 
every thing in my Power, as soon as the expected Supplies arrives, 
to Wince [sic ? evince] the Sincerity of this Declaration. 

The Politeness with which in Town Meeting they have expressed 
their Satisfaction in seeing me at the Head of the Eastern De- 
partment, is to me an additional Motive for not being remiss in 
my Attention to prove my Self, on all Occasions a Citizen, as well 
as a Soldier. 

Providence having been pleased to f aviour that Part of the Army 
which the Command of which I was interested, against our En- 
emies, I never can forget how much I am indebted to the Intripid- 
ity and Fortitude of the Officers and Soldiers of this State, for 
the little Reputation I may have acquired. Gratitude and Human- 
ity will urge me to neglect no Opportunity for relieving their dis- 
tressed Bretheren, whenever it shall be compatible, with the good 
of the Service 

HORATIO GATES 

[228.] The Committee of Nineteen for borrowing Moneys, 
purchasing Flour &c. having acquainted the Town that they were 
like to meet with difficulties, on account of the late Resolve of 
Congress respecting certain Emissions, of Money whereupon 
agreeable to a Motion 

Voted, that the consideration of this Matter be referred to the 
Adjournment of this Meeting, and that said Committee be desired 
to proceed in procuring Subscriptions, and to report the State 
thereof at the Adjournment. 

On a Motion, Voted, the North Doors and Windows of the 
Market, be put up by the Selectmen. 

On a Motion made Voted, that the Committee who presented 
the Towns Memorial and Address to General Gates, be desired to 
waite upon him and appoligize for the purporting [s/c ? postponing] 
the Printing said Address, and the Generals Reply, for a short 
time, that our Enemies might [? not] take the advantage of being 
acquainted with our present Necessities. 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Wednesday Next the 
27 Instant. 10. O. Clock Forenoon 

Wednesday Jan y . 27. 10. O. Clock A: M: Met according to 
Adjournment 

The Committee of Nine appointed to consider of the proper 
Steps to be taken, relative to the Present scarcity of Flour &c. 
acquainted the Inhabitants, that the Bill relative, to Monopolizers, 
and [229.] Fores tallers, was still pending in the General As- 



44 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

sembly, which prevents their making Report on Matter at this 
Adjournment but they hoped they might be able to do it ut the 
next Adjournment 

The Committee of Nineteen appointed to borrow Moneys, and 
purchase Flour, &c Reported Verbeally That they had constantly 
attended to the business of their appointment ; and have already 
made sum Contracts for Flour in the Country, and are like soon 
to have a Supply for the Inhabitants that they had received such 
assistance from General Gates as will greatly facilitate the entra- 
ducing into this State the Flour wanted that they had already 
procured, Subscriptions for about Twenty thousand Pounds, Cur- 
rent Monies, which is to be paid immediately 

The Committee of Seven appointed to make enquirey relative 
to Monopolizers, and Acquaint the Town that they were not 
able to make Report at this Adjournment, agi'eeable to the Injunc- 
tions of the Town, though they have carefully attended to the 
buisiness assigned them, but expect they shall be ready to make 
Report at the Next Meeting 

On a Motion made, Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 
Tuesday next the 2 d . of February 10. OClock Forenoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned. 

February 2 d . Tuesday 10. O. Clock Forenoon Met according to 
Adjournment 

[23O.] The Committee of Nine appointed to consider of the 
proper Steps to be taken relative to the present scarciety of Flour 
&c Reported That amendments had been made in the Monopoly 
Bill now pending in the General Assembly ; but as it was still 
under the Revision of the Court, they were not now able to give 
their Sentiments thereon to the Town Meeting 

The Committee of Nineteen appointed for the purpose of bor- 
rowing Moneys by Subscription and purchasing Flour &c ac- 
quainted the Town that they were now only able to inform hem 
that a Person had been already dispatched to the Northward to 
secure some Flour, in that quarter 

The Committee of seven appointed, to Enquire into the Con- 
duct of Forestallers Engrossers and Monopolizers, and to ascer- 
tain Facts Reported in part 

That on or about the fourteenth of January last, Matthew Fair- 
service purchased a quantity of Rum and Sugar at Salem and 
Marblehead that he gave forty Pounds for the Sugar p Hundred, 
and thirteen Dollars p Gallon for the Rum 

That about the same time John Fairservice purchased a large 
quantity of Sugar, for which he says he gave 45. and 47. 
10/ p hundred, and sold them for 58. p hundred which gave 
him an extravagant Profit of 10: 10/ and 13. p hundr'd ; 
which obliges the Poor Consumer to pay a still [231.] Greater 
price to the Retailer, by means of which engrossing your Com- 
mittee look upon the Town greatly injured 

That one Sampson Reed a Stranger is suspected of Engrossing 
and Forestalling the Necessaries of Life that iti a particular 
Manner he has monopolized a great quantity of Glass, for a Con- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 45 

siderable quantity of which he did not give 30. p Box and 
sold it for 100 p Box that he has had twenty four Boxes of 
Window Glass in halves, some of which he has sold for ten Shil- 
lings a Square, to the great determent of the Community 

That your Committee are seeking proof against Sundry others, 
and shall be ready to Report at an Adjournment or some future 
Meeting 

JOHN BALLARD 

The foregoing Report having been read and Considered, it was 
Voted, that the same be accepted, and that thesaid Committee of 
Seven be desired to proceed in the Business assigned them by the 
Town and that they do Report at the next Meeting what Steps 
they may Judge it will be best for the Town to take with such 
Persons as are found guilty of Monopolizing &c. on a Motion, 
Voted that all matters and things which remaine unfinished at this 
Meeting be referred over to the next Town Meeting, then to be 
acted upon 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duely qualified and legally Warned, 
in Publick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fryday 
the 19 th Day of February Anno Domini 1779 3. O'Clock P.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes, for a Moderator of this Meeting, and the same being 
brought and sorted, it Appear'd that 

John Brown Esq r 
was chosen unanimously 

The Committee of Seven appointed to make enquirey relative to 
Fore Stallers and Monopolizers Report further That Two of 
the Committee Viz 1 . Lovering and Edes, hearing that M r . William 
Foster, had purchased, among other Articles, eight Barrels of 
Flour for the benefit of the Town, as he said at 15 p and 

that after the Teamster had sold it to him, the said Teamster, after- 
wards, sold it again to a Person not an Inhabitant of this Town, 
for twenty two Pounds p hundred ; the above Lovering, and Edes, 
enquiring into the case found it to be true whereupon they ad- 
vised and directed the Teamster; to carry it from along side the 
Vessel, on board of which it was going to M r . Fosters, Store 
which was accordingly done February 5 th . 1779 

[233.] The Committee hearing of One Williams, who had 
been an Engrosser and that a Deposition had been taken relative 
to the same, obtained the sight thereof which is as follows Viz'. 

BOSTON Decem r . 29 th . 1778. 

I Joshua Hubbard Peruke Maker testify and declare that on 
Saturday last the 26 Day of December Currant, I was employed 
by Samuel Williams, of Roxbury, as an Assistant in disposing of 
his Meat in Boston Market, and was with him from the beginning 
of the Sale, untill he sold the whole of his Marketting, and was 
present when he counted the Money over in order to determine 
what profits he made in the Course of the Day, and heard him 



46 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

say, that out of four hundred and fifty Dollars, he was then pos- 
sessed of, he on that Day cleared two hundred Dollars his Load 
that he brought with him, having cost him but one hundred and 
fifty Dollars, and added I have -got a damned sight of Money 

On the ninth of February the Committee had information, that 
one Dowse, and one Daniel Cane Bakers, had purchased some 
Flour and sold it again to other Baker's for an advanced price, to 
the detriment of the Poor of the Town, the Committee required 
their Attendance the Same Day and they accordingly come, when 
they weare asked the following Questions Viz'. 

Q M r . Dowse have you bought any Flour lately 

A: Yess I have bought some Rye and Wheat [234.] Flour, 
for which I gave 17. 10/ and 18- p hundred and sold it to M r . 
Hart Baker for 20 p cwt. 

Q. Have you now practized giving a higher price for Flour than 
other Bakers 

A. No 

M r . Dowse then said that M r . Henry Bass come to him and 
offered him Flour for 20 p cwt. for Money out of Circulation, 
that he purchased 3 Bills : for that Sum, and Sold it for the Same 
price for good Money He further said that M r . Bass asked him 
but 14 p cwt. a few days before. 

Q. M r . Daniel Cane have you bought any Flour lately 

A. Yess. I bought of M r . Henry Bass Eight Barrels of Flour 
for 18 p cwt and sold it to M r . Hart for 20 p cwt. 

They were then both asked why they did not Bake it, their 
Answer was because they got a higher Profit for selling it The 
Committee then desired they would refrain from such practices, 
and they promised they Would 

The Committee have observed the extravagant price of Fish, 
asked by the Fishermen at the Town Dock ; and would recommend 
that some Step's may be taken by the Town for regulating the 
price of that necessary Article of Life ; especially as Fishermen 
from the Neighbouring Towns, who have come in with their Fish 
and sold them at a moderate rate have had their Riggen &c cut to 
pieces in the Night time, and their Fish thrown into the Docks by 
some evil minded Persons Upon the whole the Committee beg 
[235.] to Report, that it was their Opinion, that the Names of 
all who are found guilty of Monopolising the Necessaries of Life, 
should be held up to publick View but since the Monopolizing Act 
is now in force, the Committee humbly submit their Opinion to the 
Consideration of the Town. 

JOHN BALLARD Chairman 

The foregoing Report having been received and considered, 
Voted, that the same be accepted also 

Voted that the thanks of the Town be and are hereby given to 
the Committee aforesaid for their diligent and faithfull discharge 
of their duty 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. " To make choice if the Town 
shall Judge proper of a Number of Persons, not exceeding Twelve 
to be inspectors of the Market &c agreeable to a late Act of the 
General Assembly of this State, Entitl'd an Act against Monopoly 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 47 

and Forestalling was read and considered as also the Act afore 
raention'd 

In a Motion made Voted, that the Town hereby express their 
higest disapprobation of the Conduct of the Persons Reported by 
the Committee of seven as Monopolizers and Forestallers, and that 
they will proceed with after Offenders of this kind as their Offen- 
cies may deserve, and the Laws will Justify 

Voted, to proceed to the choice of a Committee of Inspection, 
agreeable, to the Allowance of a late Act of the General Assem- 
bly and that the Committee Consist of twelve Persons 
'[236.] Voted, that Cap 1 . John Ballard 

M r . John Kennedy 

M r . Adam Colson 

M r . Moses Grant 

M r . Thomas Uran 

M r . Joseph Levering 

M r . Benjamin Edes 

M r . Samuel Ruggles 

M r . Richard Hunnewell 

M r . Joseph Shed 

M r . Jacob Roads 

Cap'. Alexander Willson 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Voted, that the thanks of the Town be givdn to John Brown 
Esq r . Moderator of this Town Meeting for his good Services 
Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fryday the 5 th . Day 
of March Anno Domini 1779 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Honb le : John Hancock Esq r . was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting by a unanimous Vote 

[337.] The Committee appointed by the Town the 5 of 
March last to apply to a proper Gentleman to deliver an Oration 
the 5 th . of March Instant, to perpetuate the memory of the horred 
Massacre, perpetrated on the Evening of the 5 th . of March 1770 
by a Party of Soldiers under the Command of Cap'. Thomas 
Preston of the 29 th . Regiment Reported 

That having met together for the purposes mentioned in the 
Towns Votes they had unanimously made choice of Col. "William 
Tuder to deliver an Oration on the 5 th . of March Inst 1 : who had 
according accepted of that service 

The foregoing Report having been read by the Town Clerk one 
of the Committees the Question was put Whether the same shall 
be accepted Passed in the Affermative 

Upon a Motion made the Town took into consideration, what 
would be the best time to have the Oration pronounced ; as also 
what place would be most suitable for the purpose whereupon 

Voted, that the Oration be delivered at 12 O'Clock at the Old 
Brick Meeting House, the Hall not being Capacious enough to re- 



48 CITY DOCUMENT Xo. *0i 

ceive the Inhabitants that Attended upon the Occasion the 
Committee of that Society having before consented that the Meet- 
ing House, should be made use of, for said purpose 
[338.] Voted, that John Lowell Esq r . 

Col. Nathan 1 . Barber 
Cap 1 . John Ballard 

be a Committee to waite on Col. William Tuder Esq r . and ac- 
quaint him that it is the desire of the Town, that the Oration may 
be delivered at the Old Brick Meeting House. 12 O'Clock this Day 
Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to order the several Bells 
in the Town to be tolled for half an Hour, beginning at one quar- 
ter of an Hour after 9. O'Clock 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to the Old Brick Meet- 
ing House at 12 O'Clock Forenoon 

The Town met according to Adjournment 12. O. 'Clock, at the 
Old Brick Meeting House 

The Committee appointed to waite upon William Tuder Esq r . to 
acquaint him with the Vote of the Town respecting the time and 
place for the delivery of an Oration Reported That said 
Gentleman was ready to comply with the Orders of the Town 
An Oration to commemorate the horred Massacre of the Fifth 
of March 1770 and to impress upon the Minds of the Citizens, 
the ruinous tendency of Standing Armes, being placed, in Free 
and Populous Cities &c. was deliver'd by William Tuder Esq r . to 
a Large and Crouded Audience, and received by them with great 
Applause 

[239.] On a Motion made and Seconded 
Voted, that the Honb le . John Hancock Esq r . 
William Cooper 
M r . Barth . Kneeland 
Perez Morton Esq r . 
John Lowell Esq r . 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
John Scollay Esq r . 
William Tuder Esq r . [sic] 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Waite upon William 
Tudor Esq r . and in the Name of the Town to thank him for the 
Spirited and elegant Oration deliver'd by him at their request, in 
oommemoration of the horred Massacre perpetrated on the Even- 
ing of the 5 th . of March 1770. by a party of Soldiers, of the 29*. 
Regiment under the Command of Cap'. Thomas Preston, and to 
request of him a Copy thereof for the Press. 
On a Motion made and Seconded 
Voted, that the Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . 
William Cooper 
M r . Barth . Kneeland 
Perez Morton Jisq r . 
John Lowell Esq r . 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
John Scollay Esq r . 
William Tudor Esq r . 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to apply to a proper 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 49 

Gentleman, to deliver an Oration on the 5 th . of March next to per- 
petuate the Memory of the horred Massacre perpetrated on the 
Evening of the 5 th . of March 1770 by a party of Soldiers of the 
2!)"'. Regiment [24O.] Under the Command of Cap 1 . Thomas 
Preston ; and to impress upon our Minds, the ruinous tendency of 
Standing Armies, being placed, in Free and populous Cities in a 
time of peace ; and the Necessety of such noble Exertions, in all 
future times ; as the Inhabitants of the Town then made, whereby 
the Designs of the^Consperators against the Publick Peace, maybe 
still frustrated 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publickTown 
Meeting Assembled at Farieuil Hall on Monday the 8 th . Day of 
March Anno, Domini 1779 

Prayer was made by the Rev d : M r . Clark 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Sundry Laws enjoined to be read at this Meeting were accord- 
ingly read 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r , was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting by a unanimous Vote, and took his Seat accordingly 

M r . William Cooper was cliosen Town Clerk for the Year en- 
suing, and took the Oath of Office for the faithfull discharge of 
his duty, which Oath was administr'd by M r . Justice Greenleaf 

[/J41.] The Town proceeded to the choice of Nine Selectmen, 
and the Votes being brought in and sorted, it appeared that 
John Scollay Esq r . 
M r . Samuel Austin 
Cap 1 . Gustavus Fellows 
M r . Harbottle Dorr 
Deacon Thomas Greenough 
Jonathan Williams Esq r . 
Cap 1 . John Preston 
M r . Nathan Frazier 
Ezckiel Price Esq r . 
were chosen Selectmen for the Year ensuing 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for a Committee of Cor- 
respondence, Inspection and Safety and upon sorting them it 
appeared that 

Nathaniel Barber Esq r . 
M r . Ebenezer Dorr 
Cap'. Gustavus Fellows 
M r . John Winthrop 
Cap'. Amasa Davis 
M r . John Lowell 
Cap'. John Simpkins 
Joseph Webb Esq r . 
Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 
Andrew Symms Esq r . 
M r . Samuel Ruggles 
M r . Sarson Belcher 



50 CITY DOCUMENT No. SO. 

where chose a Committee of Correspondence, Inspection, and 
Safety for the Year ensuing 

[242.] The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Twelve 
Overseers of the Poor, and upon sorting them it appeared, that 
The Hon ble . William Phillips Esq r . 

Isaac Smith Esq r . 

M r . Jonathan Mason 

Cap 1 . Samuel Partridge 

M r . Samuel Whitwell 

M r . John White 

Edward Proctor Esq r . 

William Powell Esq r . 

M r . John Sweetser Jun r . 

Samuel Barret Esq r . 

M r . Samuel Hews 

M r . Nicholas Bowes 
were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the year ensuing. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for twelve Wardens, and 
upon sorting them it appeared that 

Cap'. Amasa Davis 

M r . John Lucas 

Maj r . Thomas Melvil excused 

M r . John liigersol 

M r . Simeon Eliot 

M r . Cornelius Thayer 

M r . Joseph Kettle 

M r . John R. Sigourney 

M r . John Jenkins 

M r . Samuel Conaut 

M r . Joseph Ford 

Cap*. Nath 1 . Fellows 
were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing 

[243.] The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Sixteen 
Fire Wards, and upon sorting them it appeared that 

John Scollay Esq r . 

William Cooper 

Edward Proctor Esq r . 

Francis Shaw Esq r . 

Cap 1 . John Pulling 

Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 

Paul Reviere Esq r . 

Andrew Syms Esq r . 

Maj r . Joseph Webb 

M r . John Winthrop 

M r . Thomas Tileston 

Cap 1 . Gustavus Fellows 

Cap 1 . John Ballard 

Caleb Davis Esq r . 

M r . John Lowell 

M r . Thomas Melvil 
were chosen fire Wards for the Year ensuing. 



BOSTON TOAVX RECORDS, 1779. 51 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for a Town Treasurer, 
and upon sorting them it appeared that 

David Jeffries Esq r . 
was chosen Town Treasurer for the Year ensuing. 

Votes fpr a County Treasurer brought in, and being sealed up in 
Town Meeting were delivered to M r . Constable Bennet to' be by 
him returned to the Court of General Sessions of the Peace at 
their Next Meeting 

[244.] Adjourned to 3. O. Clock in the Afternoon 

3 O'Clock P: M: Met according to Adjournment 

Major Edward Carnes 

was chosen a Surveyor of Hemp : for the Year ensuing 
Mess". John Bulfinch 
Edward Ranger 
Benjamin White 

James Blake 
John Minzey 
James Rogers 
Uriah Norcross 
William Moor 
Joseph Ballard 
John Champney 
John Bell 
Moses May 
William Todd 
Nathaniel Jenkins 
Joseph Butler 
Thomas Uran 
Abraham Howard 
Moses Ayres 
Henry Blaisdel 
Clement Collins Jun r . 

where chosen Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing 
Mess rs . Uriah Norcross 
Joseph Daniels 
Samuel Dyer 
William Clough 
Nathaniel Wales 

were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing 
[245.] Mess". John Gray 

Samuel Bangs 

* Isaac Bird 
Moses Bradley 

where chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing 

M r . Adam Colson 

was chosen an Informer of Deer for y e . Year ensuing 
Mess". Joshua Pico 

Job Wheelwright 

Benjamin Barnard 

John Owen 

Samuel Heyley 



52 CITY DOCUMENT No. SO. 

Joseph Dyer 

William Oorbit 

Israel Cook 

Nathan Spear 

Menassah Masters 

Joseph Hammat 
where chosen Cullars of Staves for the Year ensuing 

Mess". Samuel Curtis 

Charles Simpson 

Benjamin Wheeler 

were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing 
Mess. George Hamlin 

Isaack Tuckerman 
were chose Haywards for the Year ensuing 

Ward 

Mess. John Clough 1 

Nathaniel Baker 2 

Nath 1 . Hitchburne 3 

[246.] Freeman Pulsipher 4 

James Adams 5 

Moses Bradley 6 

Daniel Perry 7 

Jeremiah Webb 8 

Daniel Parks 9 

Thomas Green 10 

Thomas Wheeler 1 1 

Ebenezer Perry 12 

were chose [Scavingers] for the Year ensuing 

The Selectmen 
were chose Surveyors of high Wayes for the Year ensuing 

Jonathan Williams Esq r . 
M r . John Sweetser 
M r . John White 

were chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, and they 
are desired and impowered to give all needfull direction to the 
Keeper of the Granary, respecting the quantity of Grain to be 
sold, and affixing the prices thereof from time to time as occa- 
sion shall require, and the said Committee are desired and directed 
to cause all the Grain belonging to the Town to be ground at the 
New Mills near the Millbridgc 

Mess". John Lucas 

Edward Edes 

were chose Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing 
[247.] Mess". Thomas Green 

John Skiner 

were chosen Assay Masters for the Year ensuing 
Mess rs . Thomas Walley 
Ellis Gray Esq r . 
Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 
Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Ebenezer Storer Esq r . 
be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 177S). 53 

Accompts of David Jeffries Esq r . Treasurer, and also the Ac- 
compts of the Overseers of the Poor and the said Committee are 
impowered when they shall Audit said Accompts to allow such of 
the Overseers as shall Advance Money, for the Relief of the Poor, 
Interest on all such Sums from the Time so advanced, untill they 
shall have Audited said Accompts ; and they are also desired to 
Report from time to time a State of the Treasurer, respecting 
Debts and Credit, and on any matters, that they may think 
proper 

Upon a Motion made the Question was put Whether Collectors 
of Taxes shall be chose seperate from Constables Passed in 
the Affermative 

On a Motion Voted, that 

Caleb Davis Esq r . 

Ellis Gray Esq r . 

M r . John Lowell 

be a Committee to enquire respecting the payments made by the 
Collectors, into the State, County, and Town Treasurers, and to 
make Report as soon as may be 

[248.] The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Con- 
stables, the following Persons were chosen Viz'. 
Mess rs . John Bennet 

Benjamin Clark 

Daniel Parks 

John Lambert excused 

Samuel Sumner excused 

Oliver Wiswell excused 

John Jepsou 

Pool Spear 

Thomas Allen 

Thomas Green 

Francis Bigelow 

John Daverson 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven Assessors, 
and upon sorting them it appear'd that, 

Deacon Jonathan Brown 

Gyles Harris Esq r . 

Deacon Thomas Foster 

M r . George B. Gedney 

M r . Samuel Dyer 

M r . Samuel Ruggles declines 

M r . John Pulling 

M r . Moses May 
were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing 

Voted that the Assessors be and hereby are impowered, and 
directed to set for Abatement of such Taxes, as they shall Judge 
reasonable on every Day of the [249.] Month following the 
delivery of the Tax Books, to the Collectors, Lords Days ex- 
cepted, and no longer, saving that they be allowed to set the two 
last Weeks in November for the Abatement of the Taxes of such 
Persons as had not an opportunity of applying in the above lim- 
ited time, by reason of their being out of the State ; at which time 



54 CITV DOCUMKNT No. 80. 

they are also allowed and impowered to abate the Taxes of such 
Persons as may have died Insolvent before the last day of No- 
vember 

On a Motion Voted, that 

John Lowell Esq r . 
Ellis Gray Esq r . 
Caleb Davis Esq r . 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
Samuel Barrett Esq r . 

be a Committee to devise some way, whereby the Assessors may 
be enabled to levey the Taxes in a more equitable manner 
The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . 

To consider the request of the Overseers of the Poor, that some 
effectual Measures may be taken for the immediate supply of the 
Alms House with such Articles as are absolute!}" necessary to Sup- 
port the Poor, of which they are at present almost totally desti- 
tute", was read whereupon 

Voted, that David Jeffries Esq r . 

Cap 1 . Gustavus Fellows 
Cap'. Amasa Davis- 
Caleb Davis Esq r . 
M r . Joseph BarreL 

[25O.] Be a Committee to take this Matter into considera- 
tion, and Report as soon as may be, what is best to be done 
therein 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to Wednesday next 9. 
O'Clock, in the Forenoon 

Wednesday the 10 th . Day of March 9. O. Clock. Forenoon. Met 
according to Adjournment 

-The Town brought in their Votes for the following Persons were 
chose Clarks of the Market for the Year ensuing Viz'. 
Mess. Luke Baker 

William Prentice 
Robinson Crocker 
Oliver Brewster 
John Bright 
Elisha Siaoney 
John Coolidge 
out of Town Daniel Sears 

d. Cap'. Gowen Brown 
d. William Knox 
John Procter 
William Scollay 

The Town brought in their Votes for one Warden in the room 
of one who had declined serving, when it appeared 

M r . Benjamin Sumner Ju r . was chosen a Warden for the Year 
ensuing 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. To consider of the Petition of 
the Masters of the Writing Schools, that they may be further 
considered with respect [251.] To their past Services", was 
read, whereupon 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. .55 

Voted, that M r . Joseph Barrel 
Perez Morton P^sq r . 
Ellis Gray Esq r . 
Cap 1 . Amasa Davis 
M r . Thomas Walley 

be a Committee to take up the Schoolmaster's Petitions, and Report 
at the Adjournment, what allowancies they shall Judge to be Ade- 
quate for their past services 

The Committee appointed to enquire respecting the Payments 
made by the Collectors into the Town County, and State Treasu- 
ries Report the State of their several payments into the re- 
spective Treasuries out of the Sums they had committed to them 
to Collect the past Year as the Report on the file will more 
fully appear 

On a Motion made Voted that 

M r . Joseph Barrel 

Perez Morton Esq r . 
Ellis Gray Esq r . 
Cap'. Amasa Davis 
M r . Thomas Walley 

a Committee to whom the Writing Masters Petitions, be also 
desired to Report what they shall Judge to be a suitable Premium 
for Collecting the Taxes the ensuing Year 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for four Collectors of 
Taxes and upon sorting them it appeared that 
[J252.] Mess ts . Josiah Torrey 

Francis Law Esq r . 
Benjamin Surnner Jif. 
James Thompson 

were chose Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing. 
The Article in the Warrant Viz'. 

To consider the request of a number of the Inhabitants, that 
the North part of the Town, may be put under the same advan- 
tages as the South with respect to a Lattin Schoolmaster was 
read and after debate had thereon a Motion wa.s made and the 
Question accordingly put Whether the Town will direct the 
North Lattin School to be opened, and a Master appointed for 
the said School Passed in the Affermative 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to appoint a Master for 
the North Grammar School 

The Committee appointed to consider what measures are proper 
to be taken for the immediate Supply of- the Alms house with 
Necessaries, Report'd and the same having been read, and 
large debate had thereon it was moved and Voted, that the Re- 
port be recommitted 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. 

Whether the Town will make Sale of any part of their Land, on 
the Neck and Else where, or otherwise improve the same " was 
read whereupon 

[253.] Voted that David Jeffries Esq r . 

Cap'. Gustavus Fellows 
Cap'. Amasa Davis 



56 CITY DOCUMENT Xo. 80. 

Caleb Davis Esq r . 
M r . Joseph Barrel 

be a Committee to consider said Article and Report at the Ad- 
journment; what they Judge best for the Town to do thereon 

On a Motion made Voted, that a Committee be appointed to 
enquire into the expenditures of the Moneys which have been 
granted by the Town, and what sum may be proper to be Voted 
for defraying the necessary Expences of the Town the ensuing 
Year- and that they also Report the Debts that are yet outstanding 
Voted, that 

Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Walley 
Ellis Gray Esq. 
M r . Jonathan Mason 
M r . Samuel Ruggles 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 
Adjourned to 3 O :Clock in the Afternoon 

3. O: Clock P.M. met according to Adjournment 

The Committee relative to the Supply of the Almshouse, and 
whether it would be best to make Sale of the Towns Land on the 
Neck &c. Reported and the same being read 

[254.] Voted, that the Consideration of the Sale of Land, be 
referred to the Adjournment, and that the Selectmen be directed, 
to Notify the Inhabitants of the same also 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to make enquiry rela- 
tive to the Towns Title to their Real Estate 

Voted, that the further consideration of the best and most ex- 
peditious Method of Supplying the Almshouse, be referred to the 
Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to devise some ways whereby the 
Assessors may be enabled to levey the Taxes on the Inhabitants 
in a more equitable way Reported, that they had not as yet 
been able to devise any method for that purpose 

On a Motion Voted, that a Committee of twelve Persons be 
appointed to aid the Assessors with their advice relative, to an 
equal levying of the Taxes, and that the choice of a Committee 
be referred to the Adjournment 

The Committee of Nineteen for the borrowing Money and pur- 
chasing Flour fec acquainted the Town with their proceedings 

On a Motion, Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to confer 
with the Selectmen of the Town of Roxbury respecting the Assise 
of Bread &c 

[255.] Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to Fryday the 
twelfth Day of March Current 10. O. Clock Forenoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Fryday the 12 th Day of March 1779 10. O :Clock Forenoon - 
Met according to Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 4 . To consider what regulations 
may be necessary relative to Faneuil Hall and the Fish Markets 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 57 

was read whereupon Voted, that this Buissiness of regulat- 
ing said Markets, be left with the Gentlemen the Selectmen 

The Selectmen appointed a Committee to confer with the 
Selectmen of the Town of Roxbury. relative to the Assise of 
Bread Reported that they had a Conferrance with the Select- 
men of that Town, who assured them of their readiness to co- 
operate with us with respect to the Assise of Bread 

The Committee " to consider the expediency of making sale of 
Towns Land on the Neck and "elsewere Reported again, and 
the same having been considered, and debated, paragraph by Par- 
agraph the Question was put Whether the Town will accept 
of said Report passed in the Negative 

Adjourned to Three. O. Clock in the Afternoon 

3. O. Clock P: M: Met according to Adjournment 

That Clause in the Warrant Viz'. To consider what Means 
shall be used for the preservation of Beacon Hill &c read, whereupon 

[256.] Voted, that this Matter be left to the Selectmen, and 
that they be hereby authorised and directed, to persecute in Law 
any Person, who shall have trespassed upon said Hill 

Voted, that the sum of Thirty Thousand Pounds be raised by a 
Tax, upon Polls and Estates within this Town for the Relief of 
the Poor and defreying other necessary Charges arising within the 
Town the ensuing year 

The Article in the Warrant. Viz 1 . To consider the request of the 
Overseers of the Poor, that some effectual Measures may be taken 
for the immediate Supply of the Almshouse &c was again read 
and considered whereupon 

Voted, that the Sum of Six Thousand Pounds, out of the Tax 
of Thirty Thousand Pounds already Voted to defray the Charges 
of the Town the Year ensuing, be appropriated for the Sole use of 
the Alms house 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is directed 
and impowered to borrow in Current Money a Sum not exceeding 
Six thousand Pounds, to be paid to the Order of the Overseers of 
the Poor, in the Alms House, for which he is to issue his negoti- 
able Notes, payable to the Lenders, on Interest in currant Money 
out of the present Tax, no part of said Sum to be made use of for 
any other purpose also 

[257.] Voted, that the Gentlemen the Overseers of the Poor 
be a Committee to procure Subscriptions for the Six thousand 
Pounds, to be appropriated out of the present Tax for the use of 
the Alms House, for which the Treasurer is to Issue his negoti- 
able Notes, carrying Interest, payable to the Lenders in Current 
Money out of the present Tax 

The Committee appointed to consider the Petitions of the School- 
masters and Report Meet Sums for their past Services up to the 
first of this present Month March the following Sums Viz*. 

To M r . Samuel Holbrook, a Sum which with what has been 
already granted the past year will make up Six hundred Pounds 
for himself, One hundred Pounds for his Usher, and thirty Pounds 
in consideration of his House Rent 



58 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

To M r . John Tileston the Same Sums 

To M r . James Carter, the same Sum except the thirty Pounds, 
his House being found by the Town 

The Committee are sorrey to observe the Just complaints of the 
Schoolmasters, on account of their not receiving in season the 
sums which are granted them, and recommend it to the Town, 
that Some method may be taken, that they be timely paid in future 
or at least Interest may be allowed them for any difficiency to 
enable them to pay on Interest for what they are Obliged to bor- 
row for their dayley Support 

J. BARREL p order 

[258.] Adjourned to uext Monday Week 10 O,Clock 

Monday 22 d . March. 10. O. Clock Forenoon, met according to 
Adjournment 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . Moderator of this Meeting 
having acquainted the Town, that he was prevented by Sickness 
from Attending his duty 

The Inhabitants were thereupon directed to withdraw and bring 
in their Votes for a Moderator, during the absence of Col. Han- 
cock and the Votes being accordingly brought in and sorted, it 
appeared that 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator of this Meeting Pro. Tern : 

Voted that the consideration of Schoolmasters, Salaries, and 
all other Salaries and Grants, be referred over to next May 
Meeting 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To consider what further 
Method can be taken for our Relief under the present extravagant 
prices of the Necessaries of Life " was read whereupon 

Voted that the further consideration of this Article be reierred 
to the Ajournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. To consider whether 
Measures may not be adopted to furnish the Inhabitants with 
Vcgitables the ensuing Year, at a Much less expence then there 
being supplied therewith by the Neighbouring Towns was read 
whereupon 

[259.] Voted, that M r . Isaac Pierce 
M r . Enoch Brown 
M r . Samuel Brick 
Cap'. Job Prince 
M r . John Lowell 
M r . Cornelius Thayer 
M r . Andrew Oliver 

be a Committee to take this matter into consideration, and to Re- 
port at the Adjournment what they Judge best for the Town to 
do thereon M r . Benjamin Sumner, M r . Oliver Wiswell and M r . 
John Lambert Ju r . having requested the Town that they might be 
excused from serving as Constables, inio which Office they had 
been chosen they were accordingly excus'd 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for four Constables, and 
upon sorting them it appeared that 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 59 

Mess rs . John Kennedy excused 

Benjamin Cudworth 
Robert Wier 
John Fullerton 
were chose Constables for the Year ensuing 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for one Constable, 
wherein it appeared that 

M r . John Wells 
was chosen Constable for the Year ensuing 

Col. Proctor having requested the Town to be excused from 
the Committee appointed to Aid the Assessors he was accord- 
ingly excused. 

[26O.] The Article in the Warrant Viz'. To consider 
whether any Measures shall be taken to prevent Horses going at 
Large on the Common " was read Whereupon 
Voted, Cap*. Samuel Partridge 
Edward Procter Esq r . 
M r . John Lowell 
M r . Moses Grant 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid, to Report at the 
Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. Whether the Town will di- 
rect the Selectmen to receive the portion of Fire Arms assigned 
the Town, and now lying in the hands of the Honb le . Board of 
War was read whereupon Voted, that the Town Treasurer be 
directed to call upon the Committee for purchasing Arms, for the 
Moneys left in their hands 

On a Motion Voted, that the aforegoing Vote, be reconsidered, 
and that 

John Marston 
Joseph Barrel 
Cap'. Jacob Williams 
M r . Martain Brimmer 
Cap 1 . Joseph Webb 

a Committee appointed Last Year for the purchase of Small Arms, 
be desired to apply to the Board of War for the purchase of so 
many of the Towns proportion of small Arms Assigned by the 
General Assembly, as they have Money in their Hands, and may 
arise by the further sale of Small Arms to the Inhabitants of this 
Town and them only also 

[261.] Voted, that Edward Procter Esq r . 

Col. Jabez Hatch 
be added to the Committee 

Adjourned to Wednesday 31 Day of March Currant 3. O :Clock, 
P. M: 

Wednesday 31 st . of March 1779. 3. O : Clock P: M: Met ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

General Hancock in the Chair 

The Committee appointed to consider what was proper to be 
done to prevent Horses going at large on the Common Reported 

That it is their Opinion the Fine for Horses going at large be 



60 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

aughmented to forty shillings which they think will be sufficient to 
prevent such practises in future, and that application be made to 
proper Authority for the above purpose all which is humbly Sub- 
mitted 

SAM: PARTRIDGE Chairman 

The foregoing Report being read, after some debate had 
thereon, a Motion was made, that the further consideration of 
this Report be referred 

The Committee appointed to take into consideration whether 
Measures may not be adopted to furnish the Inhabitants with 
Vegitables the ensuing Year at a much less expence than there 
being supplied therewith by the Neighbouring Towns beg leave 
to Report, that it is their Opinion, it will be much for the Interest 
of the Town, to have as much of the Waste "Land in this Town as 
may be [262.] Improved for raising Vegitables for the Inhabi- 
tants more especially a certain Tract of Land at West Boston con- 
taining Twenty Acres or upward belonging to the following 
Proprietors, who have consented the same shall be improved for 
the above purpose free of Rent Viz'. Cap*. Job Prince. M r . Heze- 
kiah Blanchard, the Heirs of James Allen, the Heirs of John and 
Thomas Leaverett. M r . Andrew Symms, M r . Clough, M r . Harris, 
D r . Sprague. M r . Edward Carnes, and M r . Sumner ; the Com- 
mittee are therefore of Opinion that the Town be at the expence 
of inclosing said Lauds, and that some suitable Person or Persons 
be appointed to carry the same into execution, and also to Lease 
out the same to such Persons as will cultivate the said Land, 
agreeable to his or their contract 

JOB PRINCE Chairman 

The foregoing Report being read and considered 

Voted, that the same be accepted and that the Committee be 
requested and impowered to carry their said Report into execution 

The Town took into consideration the Vote of the Town passed 
the 12 Ins*, appointing a Committee of twelve Persons to aid the 
Assessors with their advice relative to an equal levying of the 
Taxes, whereupon 

Voted, that M r . Samuel Breck, and the other Gentlemen, chosen 
be excused from that service ; and that the Town Clerk be directed 
to erase the Minutes of that Appointment, from the Minute Book 

[263.] The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for one Con- 
stable, and upon sorting them it appeared that 

M r . John Kennedy 
was chosen a Constable for the year ensuing 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. To consider whether there 
shall be a Provision of the By Laws of the Town, and such others 
agreed upon as shall be thought Necessary," was read where- 
upon 

Voted, that Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
William Tudor Esq r . 
John Lowell Esq r . 
Joseph Greenleaf Esq r . 
Perez Morton Esq r . 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee for that purpose aforesaid 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1779. 61 

On a Motion Voted, that the Report of the Committee, relative 
to Horses going at Large, on Common, be referred to the foregoing 
Committee 

The Committee appointed to consider and Report, what they 
apprehend would be a suitable Premium to be allowed the Col- 
lectors for gathering in the Taxes, Reported, that in their Opinion 
Nine pence on the Pound, on the whole sum, they may Collect, 
will be an allowance adequate for their Services whereupon, 
after some debate, it was moved and Voted, that the further con- 
sideration of this matter be referred to May Meeting 

[264.] Voted, that the Sum of Two thousand Pounds out of 
the Tax of thirty Thousand Pounds already Voted, to defrey the 
Charges, of the Town the Year ensuing, be appropriated, for the 
Supply of the Families of the Non Commissioned Officers and 
Soldiers in the Continental Army , 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is directed 
and impowered to borrow in Current Money a Sum not exceeding 
two Thousand Pounds, to be paid to Cap'. John Simpkins the 
Commissary to supply the Families of the Continental Soldiers in 
this Town for which he is to issue his Negotiable Notes Payable 
to the Lenders on Interest in Current Money out of the present 
Tax, no part of said sums to be made use of, for any other pur- 
pose also 

Voted, that Cap'. John Simpkins be a Committee, to procure Sub- 
scriptions for the loan of two thousand Pounds to be appropriated 
out of the present Tax, for the Supplies of the Families of the 
Continental Soldiers, for which the Treasurer is to issue his 
Negotiable Notes, carrying Interest payable to the Lenders in 
Current Money out of the present Tax 

Voted, that all Matters and Things which remain unfinished be 
referred over to the General Town Meeting in May next, then to 
be considered and acted upon 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



[265.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and Other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
publick Town Meeting the 5 th . Day of May Anno Domini 1779 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r . Mather 

The Precipt and Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Sundry Laws read 

The Town having determined to choose Seven Persons to 
Represent them in the Great and General Court or Assembly 
to be held at the Town House in Boston upon Wednesday the 
26 Day of May Current The Inhabitants were accordingly 
directed to withdraw and bring in their Votes, for Seven Rep- 
resentatives and then it was declared by the Selectmen that no 
Votes will be received, but such as are unfolded, and that they 
propose the Poll shall be closed at 12 O. Clock 

The Votes, being brought in for Seven Representatives, the 
Number of the same were found to be four hundred, thirty one ; 
and upon sorting them it appeared that the following Persons 
only were chose Viz'. 



62 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

The Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . 383 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . 431 

Caleb Davis Esq r . 431 

[266.] resigned Gustavus Fellows 335 

M r . Thomas Walley 241 

William Tudor Esq r . 372 

A Motion made that this Meeting be Adjourned to three. 
O. Clock P: M: for the choice of one Representative and the 
Question being put in the Affermative ; and the Meeting was 
accordingly Adjourned 

3. O. Clock: Met according to Adjournment 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw, and bring in their 
Votes, for one Representative, and that the Poll be closed at 
4. O. Clock 

The Votes being brought in and sorted it appeared, that the 
Number of Votes were three hundr'd twenty Eight, and that 

Thomas Daws Esq r . 
was chosen 

Seven Representatives having been chosen as, Voted, by the 
Town ; a motion was made and after some debate carried, that 
a Moderator be now chosen, that the Town may proceed in a 
legal way, to consider and determine upon that Article in the 
Warrant which relates to the Constitution 

The Inhabitants having withdrawn and brought in their Votes, 
for a Moderator 

It Appeared that 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . 
was chosen 

[267.] The Article in the Warrant relative to a new Consti- 
tution and Form of Government having been read a Motion was 
made, that this matter be considered at the Adjournment, and 
that the Selectmen, be directed to send out printed Notifications 
to the Inhabitants of said Adjournment and the buissiness to be 
transacted and the Question being accordingly put Passed 
in the Affirmative 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday next. 11. 
O'Clock Forenoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned, the Town having 
first chosen General Hancock, as Moderator to provide, when the 
other buissiuess of the Warrant is to be transacted, which, was 
Adjourned to 3. 0. Clock of said Day 

Monday the 10 th . Day of May, 11 O :Clock Forenoon, Met ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

Cap*. Gustavus Fellows chosen one of the Representatives, on 
Wednesday last having sent in writing his resignation, which was 
read to the Town a Motion was made, that M r . Hancock should 
leave the Chair, that the Selectmen proceed to the Choice of one 
Representative in the room of M r . Fellows and the same being 
Voted, another Motion was made and carried. Viz 1 . That the 
Choice of Representative be referred to 3 O'Clock Afternoon 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 63 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no Votes will be 
then received, but such as are unfolded, and that they propose 
[268.] The Poll should be closed at 4. O. Clock 

General Hancock having again taken the Chair, the Article in 
the Warrant relative to a new Constitution or form of Govern- 
ment was read and considered whereupon 

Voted, that a Committee of five Persons be appointed to consider 
and Report to the Town their Opinion on the Second Question pro- 
posed in the Resolve of the General Court, and inserted in the 
Warrant 

Voted, that John Lowell Esq r . 
Perez Morton Esq r . 
Joseph Barrel Esq r . 
Ellis Gray Esq r . 
Samuel Barrett Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

The Votes on the First Question in the Resolve having been 
brought in and counted, the Number was found to be Three 
hundred fifty one, and upon examining them it appeared that they 
were all Yeas 

The Town having been unanimous in answering the first Ques- 
tion in the Affermative the Committee on the second Question, 
were called upon for their Report, and the same" being given in, 
and read it was moved and Voted, that the further Considera- 
tion of this Question be referred to 3. O: Clock P.M. 

Adjourned to Three O O. Clock, in the Afternoon 

[269.] 3. 0. Clock Afternoon met according to Adjournment 

The Votes being brought in for one Representative, and sorted, 
the numbers was found to be one hundred ninety two, and that 

M r . Samuel Austin 
was chosen by a very great majority 

The choice of Representatives being over General Hancock took 
the Chair 

The Committee appointed to consider and Report to the Town 
their Opinion on the second Question in the Resolve of the General 
Court, respecting a Constitution Report that the following Vote, 
be passed if agreeable to the Town Viz'. 

That We will impower our Representatives to Vote for the call- 
ing a State Convention, provided it shall appear to them on exam- 
ination, that a Major part of the People present and Voting at 
the Meeting called in the manner and for the purposes aforesaid 
shall have answered the first Question in the Afferraative ; under 
the Restrictions following Viz'. That the Convention be so 
formed as to contain an equal Representation of the Several parts 
[ of the State, and that our Representatives be impowerecl to agree 
to a Constitution on no other Terms 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered, the 
Question was put Whether the same shall be accepted Passed 
in the Affermative 

[27O.] The Article in the Warrant which respects a new 
Constitution or form of Government having been acted upon ; the 



64 CITY DOCUMENT No. 8(X 

Town proceed to the Considerations of the other matters mintained 
in the Warrant 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . Moderator 
The Article in the Warrant. Viz'. To consider what method 
shall be takep for the immediate raising a sufficient Sum of Money 
for the Commissary appointed to supply the Families of the non 
Commissioned Officers and Soldiers, who have engaged in the 
Continental Army, in conformity to a Resolve of the General 
Court was read and considered, whereupon 

Voted, that the Sum of Four Thousand in addition to the two 
thousand Pounds, already granted, out of the Tax of thirty thou- 
sand Pounds already Voted, to defray the Charges of the Town 
the ensuing year be appropriated for the Supply of the Families of 
the non Commissioned Officers and Soldiers in the Continental 
Army, also 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is directed 
and impowered to borrow in Current Money a Sum not exceeding 
four Thousand Pounds in Addition to the two thousand already 
granted, to be paid to Cap*. John Simpkins appointed Commissary 
to Supply the Families of the Continental Soldiers in this Town, 
for which he is to issue his negotiable Notes payable to the 
lenders on Interest in Current Money out of the present Tax 
[271.] Or the fund provided by the General Court for the pur- 
pose aforesaid, no part of said Sum to be made use of for any 
other occasion ^ 

Samuel Brick 
Henderson Inches 
William Powell 
Edward Payne 
Stephen Higginson 
William Foster 
Thomas Hitchburne 
be a Committee to procure Subscriptions for the two thousand and 
four thousand Pounds to be appropriated out of the present Tax, 
for the supply of the Families of the Continental Soldiers for which 
the Treasurer is to issue his Negotiable Notes, carrying Interest, 
payable to the Lenders in Current Money out of the present Tax, 
or the fund provided by the General Court for the purpose afore- 
said 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. To consider, whether In- 
structions shall be given to the Representatives that may be chosen 
was read whereupon 

Voted, that John Lowell Esq r . 
Nathaniel Appleton 
William Cooper 
Ellis Gray Esq r . 
Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 

be a Committee to draught Instructions for the Gentlemen chosen 
to Represent this Town in the next General Court and that they 
Report the same at the Adjournment of this Meeting 

On. a Motion made Voted, that this Meeting be Ad- 




BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 65 

journed to Monday next being the Seventeenth Day of May Inst 
10. OClock in the Forenoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Monday the 17 Day of May 10. OClock Forenoon, met according 
to Adjournment 

The Hon ble . John Haucock Esq r . Moderator of this Meeting, 
having acquainted the Town that he could not attend by reason of 
indisposition of Body ; a Motion was made and carried that a 
Moderator Pro. Tern , be now chosen by a Hand Vote 

Colo. Thomas Dawes 
was chosen Moderator Pro. Tern , and took his Seat Accordingly 

A Motion was made, that the Report of the Committee to Audit 
the Accompts of M r . Treasurer Jeffries, be now_read and acted 
upon ; but it being objected to on account of so few of the Inhab- 
itants being present, the Motion was passed over 

A Motion was made, that this Meeting for the foregoing reason, 
be Adjourned to Tuesday the 18 Day of May, Three O.Clock in 
the Afternoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

[273.] Tuesday May 18 th . 3. O.Clock Afternoon, met accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

The Committee to prepare a Draught of Instructions were 
called upon to make report whereupon a Motion was made that 
the Committee may be filled up 

Voted that David Jeffries Esq r . be one of the Committee to 
prepare a Draught of Instructions for the Representatives of this 
Town in General Assembly 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . To consider what regula- 
tions are necessary to be made respecting Fanueil Hall Market, 
was read, and after debate had thereon 

Voted, that the Gentlemen Selectmen be directed to give Orders 
that the Doors of Fanueil Hall Market, be hung as usual also 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to see that the terms upon 
which the Butchers hold and improve the Stalls in Fanueil Hall 
Market, are fully complied with 

The Committee appointed to Draught Instructions for the 
Gentlemen chosen to Represent this Town in General Assembly 
the ensuing Year Reported, a Draught which having been 
amended is as follows Viz 1 . 

[274.] To the Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . 
Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . 
Caleb Davis Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Walley 
William Tudor Esq r . 
Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Samuel Austin Esq r . 
Gentlemen 

Notwithstanding the Evidence of the Town have given of their 
confidence in your integritys and abilities by choosing you to rep- 
resent them in the General Assembly, at this critical and important 



66 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

conjuncture, they mean however to exercise a right of giving you 
such Instructions from time to time as they shall Judge the exi- 
gence of affairs may require 

We trust that the Independance of this and our Sister States of 
America is under Providence secure from the force and insidious 
designs of our Enemies, yet we are still engaged in a War with 
great Britain, whose malice hightned by shagrin will we doubt not 
prompt them to contrive and make use of every Method to dis- 
tress us, we Instruct you to use your early efforts to procure and 
keep in the field, our full proportion of the Continental Army, 
that a speedy and honourable end may be put to this bloody and 
distructive th6. Just and necessary War, and that you do not 
suffer yourselves to be diverted from this object on any Account 
whatsoever 

[275.] Being also sensible that man}' secret Enemies still 
lurking among us, and are plotting our ruin, we expect you will 
with the uttermost vigilance guard us against their base and 
treachourous designs, and in order to effect this that you use all 
your influence in the General Assembly, that the Resolves of Con- 
gress, and the Law of this State provided for our securiety be 
carried into full execution, and such other Laws, enacted as may 
appear necessary to ensure this end 

At a legal Town Meeting Convened for the Purpose of con- 
sidering and determining upon the Questions proposed in a Resolve 
of the late General Assembly, we have by a Vote impowered you 
to agree to the calling a State Convention for the sole purpose of 
framing a new Constitution or form of Government ; upon this 
express condition that the Convention so called be upon some 
equal plan, and althd. in our opinion, as many Persons will have a 
Voice in this Matter as would were the War at an end, we cannot 
however but express our wishes, that if it should be found practi- 
cable, our Bretheren in the Army may also have a voice in approv- 
ing or disapproving any Constitution that may be formed before 
the same be finally established 

With respect to the best method of calling this Convention, it is 
our sentement that equality of Representation is an indispensaible 
requiset, and that in order to avoid so numerious an Assembly as 
will take place if each [276.] Town and District send Delagates 
in proportion to their numbers ; we would therefore recomend that 
the General Assembly fix upon a Compotant number, and call 
upon the Several Counties to send Delagates to form this Conven- 
tion in proportion to their respective numbers, and that the several 
parts of the Counties may be equally and fairly represented, that 
the Countys be divided for this purpose into Districts out of each 
of which the Delagates shall be chose in proportion to the num- 
bers in each District 

And you are to move for an Act of the General Assembly, to 
vacate the Seat of such Members of either House of Assembly, as 
may be Elected Members of the Convention for forming a Consti- 
tution 

We would further recommend that such Grants and allowances 
be made the Officers and Servants of this State as may be ade- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 67 

quate to their respective servicies, taking due care that no partial 
iniquality should take place with respect to such Grants 

We readily Submitt all other matters of publick moment which 
may come before you. and require your Consideration, to your own 
fairness and discretion, and trust that your exertions will be 
such as shall give the approbation of your Fellow Citizens 

JOHN LOWELL, 

p Order 

[77.] The foregoing Draught as amended having been read 
and considered, the Question was put Whether the same shall 
be axcepted as Instructions for our Representatives passed in 
the Afferraative 

Adjourned to Thursday next 3. O. Clock. P: M 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 18 th 
Day of May. 3. O. Clock P: M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Town having Voted, to choose a Moderator, to manage the 
buisiness of this Meeting by a Hand Vote 

Samuel Austin Esq r . was chosen but declined serving after 
which M r . Thomas Walley was chosen, but also declining, a num- 
ber of other Gentlemen were chosen, and declined serving, after 
which 

Thomas Daws Esq r . was chosen and took his Seat as Moder- 
ator 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. To consider of some Method 
to insure the Collectors to receive the Moneys out of Circulation 
in discharge of the State Tax lately Assessed, as the Rate Bills 
are not [378.] Like to be delivered to the Inhabitants before the 
expiration of the time liruitted by Law for the receiving said 
Moneys by the State Treasurer was read and duly considered 
Whereupon the following Vote passed Viz*. 

Whereas it appears to this Town, that their is no probability of 
the Rate Bill being deliver'd to the Inhabitants, before the time 
by Law expires for receiving the two Emissions of Continental 
Money out of Circulation into the State Treasury ; and whereas 
many of the Inhabitants have reserved Moneys of said Emissions 
for the payment of their Taxes, it is therefore 

Voted, that the several Collectors in this Town be and they 
hereby are directed and impowered immediately after given Bonds 
to the approbation of the Selectmen to proceed and apply to the 
Inhabitants who are Taxable in their respective Wards, and re- 
ceive from them such Sums of Money as they may choose to 
pay, giving them Receits for the same to be deducted from their 
future Taxes ; and the said Collectors are further directed to pay 
into the State Treasurey all the Moneys they may so receive be- 
fore the 28 Day of May Ins 1 , out on account of the late State 
Tax- 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'. To consider what disposi- 
tion shall be made of the Money arising from the Sale of damaged 



68 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Fire Arms [279.] Now in the Hands of the Committee for pur- 
chasing Arms for the Militia of this Town " was read where- 
upon 

Voted, that this Money be paid by said Committee into the 
Treasury ; and that David Jeffries Esq r . the Town Treasurer be 
directed to pay the same to Cap'. John Simpkins Commissary to 
enable him to provide for Soldiers Families agreeable to the re- 
quirement of the General Assembly by a late Resolve 

Voted, that the thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
Thomas Daws Esq r . for his good servicies as Moderator of this 
Meeting 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



Thursday 3. O. Clock P.M Met according to Adjournment of 
May Meeting 

The Report of the Committee relative to the Collectors of 
Taxes Premium, or allowance of Collecting the Taxes, was again 
read and taken up after some debate, a Motion was made that 
said Report be recommitted and the Question being put passed 
in the Affermative also , 

Voted, that M r . Samuel Ruggles be added to said Committee in 
the Room of M r . Ellis Gray who is absent 

The Committee appointed to consider of a Meet allowance to 
the Collectors of Taxes for their trouble in Collecting Reported 
the following Vote, which was accepted by the Town Viz 1 . 

[28O.] Voted, that the Sum of One Shilling on the Pound, 
be and hereby is allowed to the Persons chose Collectors of Taxes 
the Year ensuing, for all which Sums they shall Collect ; provided 
they pay the same into the severell Treasuries within four Months, 
and nine pence on the Pound on all such other Sums as they shall 
have so paid into the Treasurer on or before the second Monday 
in March 1780 This Premium as above expressd, appears to be 
Just and equitable and an ample allowance to the Collectors to 
encourage them to discharge their Duty with dilligence and Fidelity 
provided also that each of said Collectors give Bond with sufficient 
Sureties to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faithfull dis- 
charge of their Duty in said Office, and complying with this Vote 

The Committee appointed to examine the Accounts of David 
Jeffries Esq r . Town Treasurer have attended that service and find 
the same right Cast and well vouched, in which he chargeth him- 
self with the Sundry Rents and other Incomes of the Town, 
Amounting to Twenty five thousand five hundred and Seventy 
Pounds, eight Shillings and Six pence half penny 

And the Said Treasurer discharges himself by Abatements made 
the Collectors amounting to Two Thousand eight hundred and 
Forty four Pounds one Shilling and ten Pence by Draughts 
made by the Selectmen amounting to eleven thousand nine 
hundred and seven Pounds sixteen shillings and ten Pence, of 
which he has paid eight thousand one hundred and Eighty Seven 
pounds thirteen Shillings and ten Pence [281.] By Draughts 
made by the Overseers of the Poor, amounting to nine Thousand 
Six hundred and Seventy Seven Pounds four Shillings and Six 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 69 

pence of which he has paid Seven thousand nine hundred and 
thirty five Pounds nineteen Shillings and eleven Pence Also by 
sundry Sums paid for Interest amounting. to Four thousand and 
twenty eight Pounds, Seventeen Shillings and Six Pence The 
Debit of Town Treasury in the Treasurers Books Amounts to 
thirty Thousand four hundred and fifty one Pounds five Shillings 
and two Pence half Penny 

The Committee have inspected said Draught in every particular 
manner, and every other branch of Publick charge, amounting in 
the whole as above to thirty Thousand four hundred and fifty one 
Pounds five Shillings and two Pence half Penny as by Account of 
Town Treasury in the Treasurers Books, ballance whereof being 
four thousand eight hundred and eighty Pounds sixteen Shillings 
and eight Pence is carred to the Debit of new Account 

Which Report being read Voted, that the same be and hereby 
is accepted 

A Letter of the Barrack Master General to the Selectmen of the 
Town, praying leave to erect some Barracks, on such part of the 
Towns Land, as shall be thought most suitable and Convenient, 
was laid before the Town, when it appeared to be the sense of 
the Town that the Selectmen confir with General Heath, and pur- 
pose a Slip of Ground on Fort Hill for the purpose aforesaid 

[282.] The Town took up the consideration of a proper allow- 
ance to the Several Schoolmasters whereupon a Motion was 
made and carried that a Committee 'be now chosen to hear the 
Several Schoolmasters, and Ushers, and the Town Treasurer, and to 
Report, what Sum they may Judge to be adequate to their servicies 
for the present Year, at the Adjournment of this Meeting, if theire 
should be one ; or at the next Town Meeting 
Voted, that Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Walley 
M r . Joseph Barrel 
Samuel Barret Esq r . 
M r . Nicholas Bowes 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 
on a Motion made 

Voted, that all matters, and Things which remain unfinished be 
referred over to the next Town Meeting that may be called and 
acted upon 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to Thomas Daws 
Esq r .the Moderator of this Meeting for dispatching the buissi- 
ness thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[283.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and' Other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
publick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fryday the 
9 th . Day of July Anno Domini 1779 10. O. Clock Forenoon 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator ; and the same having been brought in and 
sorted, it Appeared that 



70 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

The Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . was chosen Moderator of the 
Meeting 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. 

To impower the Committee of Correspondence Inspection and 
Safety aud such other Persons as the Town may think proper to 
be Joined with them, to meet the Convention at Concord on the 
14 Instant for the purpose of carrying into effect, the Measures 
Congress have recommended in their late Address " was read ; 
and after large debate had thereon the Question was put Viz 1 . 
Whether the Town will now proceed to the choice of a Com- 
mittee to meet in Convention at Concord on the 14 th . of July 
Currant, with such Committies as may be sent by other Towns, 
for the purpose of carrying into effect such Measures, as have been 
recommended by Congress in their late Address ; and the Resolu- 
tions and proceedings of the People of this Town in consequence 
of said Address at their Meeting on the 17 th . of June last 
Passed in the Affermative 

[284.] Voted, that this Committee consist of Seven Per- 
sons 

Voted that this Committee be chosen by Ballot 
The Inhabitants having brought in their Votes for a Committee, 
and the same being sorted, it appeared that 
M r . Samuel Ruggles 
Cap*. Amasa Davis 
M r . Thomas Walley 
Ellis Gray Esq 1 . 
M r . Stephen Higginson 
Samuel Barret Esq r . 
Cap 1 . John Ballard 
were chose -by a great Majority 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. " What Measures are 
proper to be taken by the Town for the Security of the Same 
when so many Prisoners of War are going at large was read 
whereupon 

Voted, that M r . Joseph Barrel, & General Hancock be a Com- 
mittee to take this Matter into Consideration, and Report what 
they may Judge most expedient to be done thereon 
Adjourned to 3 O. Clock in the Afternoon 

3. O. Clock P: M: Met according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to consider what Measures are most 
expedient relative to Prisoners going at large in this Town Re- 
ported verbally And the Town having considered of the same 
came into the following Votes Viz'. 

[285.] Voted, the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
and Safety be requested, instantly to apprehend and secure every 
Prisoner who has not the benefit of a Parole in this Town ; and to 
make early and suitable representation to the Hon ble . the Council 
of this State ; representing the inexpediency and danger of Pris- 
oners being at large in this Metropolis at any time, during the 
continuance of this War, but more particular at the present 

Voted, that every Inhabitant of this Town be and hereby is 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 71 

earnestly called upon to Report to the Committee of Correspond- 
ence Inspection and Safety, the Names of any Persons whose 
Characters are Suspicious ; that a Matter of so much consequence 
to the Safety of this Town, may be properly and effectually 
attended lo 

M r . Ruggles chosen a Member of the Committee of Convention 
having desired to be excused by the Town from serving on that 
Committee the Question was put Whether the Town will 
excuse him passed in the Negative 

The Committee chosen to hear the Several Schoolmasters, and 
Ushers, as also the Town Treasurer and Report at this Meeting 
what Sums they Judge to be adequate to their services for the 
present Year ; having heard the said Schoolmasters, Ushers and 
Treasurer & considered what Sums may be adequate to their 
Servicies Report that by the high price of Provisions and all the 
necessary Articles of Life, the Schoolmasters, Ushers and the 
Town Treasurer, for Six months only, to commence in March last 
receive the Sums following Viz 1 . 

[286.] M r . Samuel Hunt 1000 

M r . William Bentley 650 

M r . Samuel Holbrook 640 

Including House Rent M r . John Tileston ------ 700 

Including d. - M r . James Carter 600 

Mr. Holbrook the Usher - - - - 300 

And that the Town Treasurer receive for six Months ) ^^ 
to commence in March last --/ 

The foregoing Report having been considered, and amended, 
the Question was put Viz'. whether the same shall be ac- 
cepted Passed in the Affermative 

On a Motion, Voted, that the aforenamed Committee on Grants, 
be desired to make enquiry into the past Servicies of the Town 
Treasurer, and make Report at the Adjournment what Sum they 
shall Judge to be adequate thereto 

The following Persons were chose Clerks of the Market for 
the ensuing Year in the Room of Cap*. Gowen Brown, William 
Prentice, William Knox and Daniel Sears who are out of Town 
Mess rs . Benjamin Austin Ju r . 
William Ball Juu r . 
William Denuison 
John Joy 

On a Motion Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to publish 
an Extract from the Law relative to Strangers ; and that they 
use their utmost endeavors, that an Act of such consequence to 
this Town, be most strictly observed 

[287.] Voted, that the foregoing Vote calling upon the 
Inhabitants to give in the Names of Persons suspected to be 
inimical to the Cause of America to the Committee of Corre- 
spondence Inspection and Safety be also published in the News 
Papers 

Adjourned to Monday the 26 th . Day of July Instant 10: 
O: Clock before Noon 

And the Meeting was accordingly adjourned 



72 Crrr DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Monday 10. 0: Clock Forenoon met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

The Article in the Warrant. Viz'. u To consider what is proper 
to be done in order to have the Ways at Winuisimit Ferry put in 
proper repair" was read and considered whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are directed and 
impowered to treat with, and Lease to any Person or Persons, 
who may appear to hire the same ; Winnisimit Kerrey, for a term 
not exceeding fifteen years, upon such Terms and Conditions as 
to the Selectmen shall appear for the Interest of the Town 
or to repair the said Ferry Ways in such manner as they may 
Judge most advautageious, and then to let the same upon such 
conditions, as they may Judge best, not exceeding the term of 
time before mentioned 

A Motion was made by General Hancock relative to Beacon 
Hill, but not Acted upon as the same was not inserted in the 
Warrant for calling a Meeting, and the Town were of opinion, 
that this matter would come with propriety before the Selectmen 

[288.] The Committee of Correspondence Inspection and 
Safety Reported to the Town verbally, their doings in Compliance 
with late Vote respecting Prissfoners going at Large and also laid 
before the Town the representation they had Made to the Hon ble . 
the Council of this State relative to this Matter whereupon 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Committee of Correspondence &c for their special Vigilance 
on so important an occasion 

The Committee appointed to attend the Convention at Concord, 
were desired to Report their doings in Convention, at the Adjourn- 
ment of this Meeting 

Voted, that when this Meeting shall be Adjourned, it be to 
Wednesday next 9. O. Clock A: M: for the special purposes of re- 
ceiving the Report of said Committee, and that the Selectmen be 
directed to Notifj" the 'Inhabitants of the Buissiuess of said Ad- 
journment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . "To consider what allow- 
ance shall be made the Assessors, for their past servicies," was 
read and considered whereupon the Question was put. Viz'. 
whether the Selectmen shall be Authorised to allowe to each of the 
Assessors for their past Servicies, twelve Dollars p day passed 
in the Affermative unanimously 

Adjourned to Wednesday next the 28 Ins'. 9. O. Clock 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
ToAvn of Boston duley qualified & Legally warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday y e . 26 th . 
Day of July Anno Dom. 1779. 

[289.] Warrant for calling the Meeting read 
The Inhabitants were directed to bring in their Votes for a 
Moderator of this Meeting and the same having been brought in 
and sorted it appeared that 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . 
was chosen 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 73 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. "To consider and grant 
suc\\ further Sums of Money, and in such manner as may be 
Judged needfull for defreying the necessary Charges of the Town 
the present Year " was read, and after due consideration 

Voted, that the further Sum of Thirty thousand in addition to 
the 30,000. granted the twelfth of March last, be raised by a Tax 
upon Polls, and Estates within this Town for the Relief of the 
Poor, and defreying other necesssary Charges arising within this 
Town the ensuing Year 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders &c bv Adjournment, from the 
9 th . and 26 th . Instant, 9. O. Clock A: M: " 

The Constables made Return on the Warrant for notefyiug the 
Inhabitants of this Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to Represent this Town in the Conven- 
tion begun and held, [29O.] at Concord on the 14 th . day of July 
Instant for the purpose of carrying into effect the Measures rec- 
ommended by Congress to the Inhabitants of the United States in 
their late wise seasonable and animating Address Reported as 
follows, See particulars as entered at Large in the fair Quarto 
Book of Town Meeting from Page 95 to 114 

The Report having been read, after due consideration of the Same 
the Question was put Viz'. Whether the Town will receive and 
adopt the Resolutions and proceedings, aforesaid, and so far as is 
in their Power will take ever} 7 effectual Measure to carrey them 
into execution Passed in the Affermative unanimously also 
Voted, that 

Nath 1 . Applelon Esq r . 
Edward Green 
Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 
Ellis Gray Esq r . 
M r . Joseph Russell 
M r . Henry Prentice 
M r . John Sweetser 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to consider and Report 
the most speedy and effectual Measures for carrying the Proceed- 
ings of Convention into effect further 
Voted, 

Isaac Smith Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Walley 
M r . Leonard Jarvis 
Cap 1 . Isaac Sears 
M r . Higgerson 
M r . William Foster 
M r . Joseph Barrel 
[291.] Cap 1 . John Ballard 

Col. Andrew Symms 
Cap 1 . Gibbins Sharp 
Cap'. Robert Davis 
M r . John Fenno 
M r . Nathaniel Baker 



74 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

be and hereby are appointed and irapowered to affix pricies on the 
Several Articles mentioned in the 4 th . & 5 th . Resolutions of Jhe 
Convention 

Voted, that when this Meeting be Adjourned, it shall be to 
"Wednesday next 9. O. Clock in the Forenoon to meet at this place 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Wednesday the 4 th . Day of August 9. O: Clock. Forenoon, Met 
according to Adjournment 

The Committee to take into consideration the most effectual and 
speedy means to carry the proceedings and Resolutions of the Con- 
vention at Concord into effect Reported in part as their Opin- 
ion," that whereas it is necessary that further Reduction of Prices, 
should take place, and it cannot be reasonably expected, unless 
the Method of Loring [stc lowering] recommended by the Con- 
vention of Concord, be fully adopted, That a Committee be ap- 
pointed to apply to the Inhabitants, of this Town and earnestly, 
request them, voluntarley to Subscribe as much Money as they can 
possibly spare or Loan to Government, that the Necessity of fur- 
ther Emissions may be prevented 

[292.] The foregoing Report being read and considered the 
Question was put Viz*. Whether the same shall be accepted 
passed in the Affermative also 

Voted, that the Committee be directed to Report again at the 
Adjournment and that Samuel Barret Esq r . be added to the Com- 
mittee 

Voted, that a Committee be now appoint'd to procure Subscrip- 
tions for a Loan of Money to Congress, agreeable to the preceding 
Vote ; and that the Substance of said Vote, be taken as the pre- 
amble to the Subscription Paper 

Voted, that the Committee appointed at a Body Meeting, for 
the purpose of procuring Subscriptions to fortify the Harbour &c 
exclusive of the Cap', of each Ward Viz 1 . 

Mess". John R. Sigorney } Ward 

William Clough ) N. 1 

Cap'. John Lambert ) ~ 
Ebenezer Hancock E-q r . } 

Nathaniel Fellows 1 

Samuel Eliot j 

John Cogswell ] . 

Daniel Parker [ - 
Thomas Hitchburne 
John Pulling 
Cap 1 . Samuel Barret 
John Barret Ju r . 

Cap'. Job Prince Sen r . ") - 

M'. William Davis j 

M'. Samuel Eliot j g 

Cap'. Jones } 

[293.] Cap*. David Spear 1 Ward 

M r . William Suttrn J N. 9 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 75 

Major John Read ) 1 ~ 

Col. Thomas Dawes j 
Col. Thomas Crafts 



Henry Hill Esq r . j 

Cap'. Amasa Davis } 1 9 

M r . William Gooch j 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to procure Subscriptions 
for a Loan to Congress agreeable to the preceeding Report and 
Vote thereon 

The Resolutions of the Town of Milton relative to the Proceed- 
ings of the Convention at Concord, were laid before the Town, 
and being read, were much approved of by the Inhabitants 

The Committee appointed to affix the prises of the .several Arti- 
cles mentioned in the fourth and Fifth Resolutions of the Conven- 
tion of Concord, being called upon to make Report informed the 
Town ; that they were not as yet able to do it, but that they had 
so attended to the Buissiness Assigned them, and had made such 
enquires, and taken such previous Measures for information, as 
lead them to apprehend, they might be ready to Report by Tues- 
day next 

It being represented in this Meeting, that two Prisoners, not 
upon Parole had taken their Residence at a House in y e . South 
Part of the Town 

Voted, that the Committee of Correspondence Inspection and 
Safety be acquainted therewith, and [294.] Desired to take such 
Measures as they may Judge expedient for the Security of the 
Town 

On a Motion made 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday next being 
the 9 th . Instant. 3. O: Clock Afternoon also 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to cause written Notifica- 
tions of the Adjournment and the buissiness to be then transacted, 
to be sent to the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town 

And the Meeting was then accordingly Adjourned 

Monday the 9 th . of August 3. O. Clock Afternoon met accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

The Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting, 
informing the Town that he was going on a Journey and desires a 
Moderator might be chosen in his room 

Voted, that a Moderator Pro Tempory be now chosen by a 
Hand Vote 

John Scollay Esq r . was then chosen, but not being found, the 
Town to prevent loss of time, proceeded to another chose, when 

John Rowe Esq r . was chosen in the room of John Scollay Esq r . 
Moderator Pro. Tern . 

[295.] The Committee chosen by the Town to affix pricieson 
European Goods &c Reported verbally 

That they had continued their Attention to the buissiness 
assigned them, but should not be able to Report fully before 
"Wednesday next 



76 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80: 

The Committee appointed by the Town to consider and devise 
the most effectual Measures to "carry the Resolutions of the late 
Convention at Concord into effect Reported -which Report 
being read, after some debate thereon, on a Motion made 

Voted, that the forementioned Report be recommitted, and the 
said Committee are desired to Report again at the Adjournment 

On a Motion made Voted, that a Committee be now chosen 
to make enquirey and consider and Report to the Town at the 
Adjournment of this Meeting, what they shall Judge may be best 
or further necessary for the Town to do, for their security in case 
of an Invasion from the Enemy 

Voted, that Samuel Barret Esq 1 ". 
Col. Thomas Dawes 
Col. Jabez Hatch 
Col. Thomas Crafts 
Maj r . Thomas Melvin [Melville?] 
D r . Charles Jarvis 
Cap*. Amasa Davis 
be a Committee for the Purpose aforesaid 

On a Motion, made, Voted that this Meeting be Adjo'urned to 
Thursday next 12 Ins 4 . 12. O. Clock at noon 

[296.] And the Meeting was according!}' Adjourned 

Thursday August 12 th . meet according to Adjournment 
The Committee appointed by the Town to affix the pricies of 
European Goods &c Reported and it was Voted, that the same 
should be taken up and considered, Paragraph by Paragraph 

After some debate on said Report a Motion was made and car- 
ried that the Meeting be Adjourned to 3. O. Clock Afternoon 

3. O. Clock, Afternoon, meet according to Adjournment 

The Report of the Committee for affixing prices of European 
Goods, &c was again read, and after some debate had thereon 
a Motion was made that the further consideration of the said Re- 
port be referred to the Adjournment of this Meeting, which it was 
proposed should be next Monday 10. O. Clock in the Forenoon 
And the Question being accordingly put Passed in the Afferma- 
tive 

The Petition of a number of the Inhabitants of this Town, 
Butchers, Tanners, Leather Dressers, Tallow Chandlers and Soap 
Boilers, praying that the Town would enter upon some speedy 
Measures for the introduction of live Stock, so that the Butch- 
ering business may be again carried on in this Town as also 
the other branches of Manufacturers [297.] Which have been 
driven from us to the Neighbouring Towns, to their no small 
benefit, and the great loss and damage of the Inhabitants of this 
Town, and offering their service, in going into the Country for 
Cattle & was read, and after some debate and consideration 

Voted, that the further consideration of this Petition be refferred 
to a Committee, who are desired to make Report at the Adjourn- 
ment of this Meeting 



BOSTON Towx RECORDS, 1779. 11 

Voted, that Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
Caleb Davis Esq r . 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
M r . William Davis 
Cap'. John Ballard 
M r . Leouard Jarvis 
M r . Shubael Hews 
be a Committee for the purpose 

The confession of one Everet of Roxbury who had violated the 
late Regulations of the Convention, in this Town, by bringing un- 
merchantable Meat into the Town and with a Letter from the 
Selectmen of Roxbury, transmitting the same were read 

The Committee appointed " to devise means for the further se- 
curiety and defence of the Town, in case of an Invasion" Re- 
ported and the same having been read, a Motion was made and 
carried that said Report be recommitted 

[298.] Adjourned to Monday next being the 16 th . of August 
Ins'. 9. O. Clock in the Forenoon 

Monday 9. O. Clock in the Forenoon meet according to Adjourn- 
ment 

The Committee appointed to enquire what is further necessary 
to be done by the Town for, their security in case of Invasion have 
attended that service and beg leave To Report That great 
part of the Arms quoted in the .Schedule delivered to the Com- 
mittee as put into the Hands of the Melitia Officers of the Town, 
were delivered to several Persons who from time to time went 
into the Publick service, as the Town quota or Draught of Men 
for one Department and another and are not returned and in gen- 
eral they were very bad Arms and many of them burst in the 
Try all, they therefore recomend to the Town to direct the Select- 
men to make immediate Application to the Hon blc . Council of the 
State for a Loan of Such Arms as Col. Hatch shall report are 
Still defflcient the same to be put into his Hands to be delivered 
from time to time as there ,may be occasion for the immediate de- 
fence of this Town, to his Officers for the use of such Persons in 
their respective Companies as are not able to procure Arras for 
themselves to be returned in the Fall 

That Col. Hatch is of Opinion that the fixed amunition men- 
tioned in the aforesaid Schedule is in possession of his several 
Officers [299.] That He has taken a List of it and will ascertain 
the Quantity and where deposited 

Your Committee are of Opinion that it would be enestimable 
service in case of Invasion and therefore wish to have it recom- 
mended by the Town to a number of Gentlemen who have been in 
the Continental and State Artillery Service to form themselves 
into an Association or Independant Corps for the purpose of tak- 
ing such command rendering such service as may be Assigned 
them, and also that one or more Companies of Artillery be raised 
from among the Masters of Vessells, and other Inhabitants for 
the defence of the Town, and put under immediate Discipline 

They further Reported that it be Recomended to give Orders 



78 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

for presenting all Persons who shall neglect to Equip themselves, 
or to attend the Millitary Musters to the utmost extent of the 
Law 

They also earnestly recommend to such Gentelmen who have 
hitherto Neglected Military Duty to turn out in their Several 
Wards that all Companies may equal those whose accomplish- 
ments in the Military Art while they reflect the highest Honour on 
them must be productive of the most Assential Service in time of 
Danger 

All which is humbly Submitted 

SAMUEL BARRETT Chairman 

[3OO.] The foregoing Report having been read and con- 
sidered Paragraph by Paragraph, the Question was put u Whether 
the Report as it now stands amended be accepted passed in the 
Affermative also 

Voted, that Cap'. Gustavus Fellows 

Col. Thomas Dawes 

Col. Thomas Crafts 

Col. Nathaniel Barber 

Cap*. Diamond Moreton 

Cap 1 . Job Prince 

Cap'. Daniel Martin 

be ana hereby are appointed a Committee to endeavour the 
obtaining such Associations as are reff erred to in the two foregoing 
Articles, and also the carrying the other Articles of said Report 
into effect 
On a Motion 

Voted, that the Selectmen be requested to make further enquiry 
into the disposal of eighty Fire Arms delivered by them to the 
Militia Officers of this Town, and five hundred eighty seven 
delivered to Col. Edward Procter by order from the Selectmen 
aforesaid on the Board of War, sometime in May 1777 which 
667 Arms were delivered by the said Board of War, pursuant to 
a Resolve of the General Court of May 6 th . 1777 the Selectmen 
to Report how many of the said Arms are now in the Town, and 
where deposited ; and how the others were disposed of ; also to 
make an enquirey relative to a Number of Cartridges delivered 
to the Militia Officers being part of the Town Stock 

[3O1.] The Committee appointed to affix the Pricies of the 
Several Articles mentioned in the 4 th . and 5 th . Resolves of the 
Convention held at Concord July 14 th . 1779 Reported 

Whereas the Goods and wares imported from Europe are so 
various in their kinds and qualities as to render it quite impracti- 
cable to determine the exact Price at which every Article ought 
to sold and it is necessary the Pricies of those kinds of Goods, 
should be reduced in the same proportion as the West India 
Imports 

Therefore Resolved that all Holders and Retailers of Europian 
Wares and Merchandize shall from time to time forward sell all 
such Articles at twenty pC'. or one fifth part less than the Prices 
at which the same Articles were sold in the Month of July last, 
that being the avarige deduction in the Prices of West India Goods 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 79 

And in Order that the aforegoing Resolve may be more 
effectually com ply ed with, and that all those who wish to enrich 
themselves at the Expence of their Neighbours, and who on all 
Occasions are disposed to take Advantage of our Friends in 
the Country may be prevented in future from Preying upon their 
more worthy fellow citizens and Country Bretheren 

Be it Resolved, that William Cooper Esq r . M r . Gibbens Sharp, 
Cap'. Isaac Phillips, Col. Edward Procter, Cap*. Gustavus Fellows 
Major Thomas Melvill, M r . Henrv Prentice, M r . William Hoskins 
[3O2.] Cap 1 . Alex r . Willson D r .*Nath'. Noyes M r . Saimiel Rug- 
gles, M r . Joshua Pulling and D r . Charles Jarvis, be a CommitU-e 
with whom may be lodg'd Complaints of all Violations and eva- 
sions of the above Resolve, who are hereby impowered and directed 
to enquire into all Such complaints and to Publish the Names of 
those who upon good and Satisfactory Evidence may be convicted 
of Violating or evading said Resolves, as Enemies to their Country 
as they ma}- be delt with according to their Demerit and all Per- 
sons whether from the Town or Country, who may think themselves 
imposed upon by any Person in the Town in not Complying with 
the aforegoing Resolve are hereby desired to lodge a Complaint 
with aforementioned Committee that the Matter may be enquired 
into 

Resolved that the. following Prices for Labourers and Manu- 
factures &c. be the highest that shall be demanded or given for 
the future Labourers 60/ p Day they finding themselves Ship- 
Carpenters, Carpenters, caulkers, Riggers Ship Joiners House- 
wrights and Masens 78/ p Day they finding themselves Black- 
smiths Block makers, Carvers, Cabinet makers Peiwtarers shall 
reduce their Prices at Least 10 p C'. from the Preasent Prices 
Printers Ropemakers Boat Builders Coopers Cordwainers and Tin- 
men shall reduce their Prices at least twenty pc from the Present 
Prices Saillmakers shall not have more than l .8/ p Bolt for work- 
ing New Canvas and for old Work in Proportion [3O3.] Tanners 
18/ p Pound for Sole Leather and other Leather in proportion 
Leather Dressers for a p r . Dearskin Breeches of the very best sort 
35 and other Articles in proportion Hatters for best Beaver 
Halts 35. beaveretts 24 and felt Hatts4 each, Barbers and hair 
Dressers shall reduce their Prices from the present rates at least 
15/ Tailors shall not have more than 18 p Suit for plain Cloaths 
22. 10/ for half trimed, and other Work in proportion 
Painters shall reduce their Prices from the present rate 15 p C'. 
Ship Chandlers shall reduce their prices from the present Rate 
20 p C'. execept Pitch which shall not exceed 35 p Barrell and 
Tar and Turpentine 30. each Truckman for truckage of a Large 
Hogshead of Sugar 18/ Molasses Rurn &c 15/ tierces 9/ Barrel 4/ 
by the Load and Other Work in proportion Wharfingers for 
Wharfage, Cording, Sealing and carrying off Wood 3. 12/ p Cord 
Farriers for Shoeing a Horse all round 6 and for shifting a set of 
Shoes 48/ Refined Iron 37. 10/ p C'. Card makers 36 p doz". 
for Cards and G6/ a single pair. Glaziers for setting Glass and 
finding the putty shall not have more than 4/ 6 p square, Inholders 
and Victuallers shall reduce their Prices of Victualling and Horse 



80 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Keeping in proportion to the Reduction of the Prices of Provisions 
and Hay Hucksters shall not take more than Six-pence advance 
upon the shilling Fishmongers shall not take more than 12d. p 
pound for Cod, 3 d . for Haddock and I/ 3 for Hallybut, without 
entrails, Goldsmiths shall not demand of the Purchaser no more 
than the weight of the Plate they Manufacture and twenty Times 
what they had for their Labour in Manufacturing before the year 
1775 [3O4.J All Other Tradesmen not mentioned shall reduce 
their Prices in an Average proportion with those of their Bretheren, 
and the Article of Consumption 

ISAAC SMITH p Order 

Which Report having been read and taken up, Paragraph by 
Paragraph the Question was put Viz'. Whether such Report as 
amended by the said Town be accepted passed in the Affermative 
and so far as relates to regulating prices of Goods unanimously 

Adjourned to 5. O. Clock P.M. 

5. OClock Met according to Adjournment A Committee Ap- 
pointed to consider and report the most effectual and Speedy 
Measures for carrying the Resolves of the Convention and of the 
Town into Effect reported as follows 

Whereas the carrying into effect the Resolutions of the Conven- 
tion at Concord and the subsequent Resolves of this Town in Con- 
formity thereto is of the last importance to the Community and 
the Violation of them in the present scituation of Publick Affairs a 
crime of the deepest dye 

Voted, that any Person directly or indirectly either b} - himself 
or any Person for and under him who shall buy or sell, or Offer to 
give or take an higher price at publick Market or private Sale or 
who may withhold any Article except from Persons who may be 
Inhabitants of such places as have not Adopted simaler measures 
or in any [3O5.] Other Way whatever Violate the said Resolu- 
tions shall have his or her Names Published by the Committee 
hereafter Appointed in the News Papers in this Town that the 
Publick knowing may Abstain from all Trade And Conversation 
with them and the People at Large inflict upon them that Punish- 
ment which such Wretches deserve to trade or hold any intercourse 
or conversation with such Persons 

Voted, that it is the duty of every Citizen to keep a Vigilant 
Eye upon his Neighbour that Any inf rindgemeuts upon the Resolu- 
tions aforesaid may be prevented and where it may unhappely 
take place to give immediate information to the Committee, 
Appointed to receive such Complaints 

Voted, that William Cooper Esq r . Deacon Gibbens Sharp, 
Cap 1 . Isaac Phillips, Col. Edw d . Procter, Cap'. Gustavus Fellows, 
Maj r . Thomas Melvill, M r . Henry Prentice, M r . William Hoskins, 
Cap'. Alex r . Wilson Docf. Nath 1 . Noyes, M r . Sam 1 . Ruggles, 
Cap'. John Pulling and Docf. Charles Jarvis, be a Committee for 
the purpose aforesaid, In as much as sending Servants to the 
Market Ferries to the Neck, and to the Neighbouring Towns with 
discretionary Orders has a direct tendency to counteract the 
Resolves of the Convention and of this Town 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 81 

Therefore it is repeatedly and especially Resolved that if any 
Person who shall by his Servant or any Person under him presume 
either directly or indirectly to Offer or give either in Town [3O6.] 
Or out of it for any Article of Consumption an higher Price than 
is Stipulated therefore in the Resolves aforesaid incure the higest 
Resentment of the People and be proceeded against as in the first 
preceeding Resolves, And the Committee of Twelve Appointed to 
Aid the Civil Magistrate in the Execution of the Monopoly Act, 
are hereby appointed a Committee to Advance and Assist the 
Committee of thirteen aforesaid in carrying this Resolve into the 
fullest Execution 

The Committee further Report that the Inhabitants in all their 
Purchases of Meat, buy by the Pound and not by the quarter as 
the latter Mode is an Inlet to great evasions and may elude the 
salutary Purpose in View 

That it be earnestly recommended to the Committee of the 
Neighbouring Towns to Meet together as Speedialy as possible at 
any Town which they may think proper to fix the Prices which 
Vegetables and other Articles not already regulated as usually 
brought to this Market shall be sold and delivered in -this Town 
and make returne to the Committee of the State Convention in 
order that the same may be Published for the Goverment of its 
Inhabitants 

NATHANIEL APPLETON p Order 

The foregoing Report having been considered and amended, it 
was Voted unanimously that the Town do accept the same 

On a Motion Voted, that the foregoing Report and the preceed- 
ing Report relative to affixing [3O7.] Prices be printed in the 
Thursdays Papers ; and that the same be also printed in hand 
Bills as also the Prices of Articles affexed by the Convention, and 
disposed among the Inhabitants of this Town. 

Voted, that the Town Clerk be requested to print the foregoing 
Votes in the Thursdays Papers 

The Committee appointed on the Petition of severell Butchers 
and others. Reported and agreeable to said Report 

Voted, that Shops or Stalls be opened in the Severell parts of 
the Town for supplying the Inhabitants with Butchers Meat 

Voted, that part of the Stalls in Faneuil Hall Market be alloted 
to the Butchers of the Town under such regulations as the Select- 
men shall direct 

Voted, that all the Hides and Tallow belonging to the Creatures 
slaughtered in the Town be disposed of to the Inhabitants who 
manufactur'd the same for sale 

To prevent Slaughter Houses being set up in such Places as may 
be a Neusence to the Inhabitants Voted, that no such Houses 
be improved untill approbation is obtained therefor from the 
Selectmen 

Voted, that for the encouragement of any Person or Persons 
who will undertake the Butchers buissiness and open a Shop or 
Stall in this [3O8.] Town for the selling of Beef Mutton or 
Lamb ; the Inhabitants engage to give the preference to such 
Butchers in their purchasing of Meat ; also that those Butchers 



82 CITY DOCUMENT ]S T o. 80. 

shall have every other encouragement Aid an Assistance from the 
Inhabitants which is in their Power to afford them. 

Voted, that upon application of any Person or Persons who are 
or may become Inhabitants, who shall undertake the Butchers 
Buissiness in the Town, for a recommendation to the Farmers to 
purchase live Stock, the Selectmen approving of them are desired 
to give recommendations accordingly 

Adjourned to Tuesday next being the 17 th . Inst. 11. O. Clock 
Forenoon 

Tuesday 11. O. Clock Forenoon Met according to Adjournment 

Whereas Col. Thomas Chase D Quarter Mas r . General has repre- 
smted to this Meeting, that he had agreed with a Number of 
Teamsters for the Publick service, at the rate of eighteen shil- 
lings a Mile; and that several Persons had offered to the same 
Teamstears a much higher price, which is not only to the great 
damage and Detrement of the service, but has a direct tendency 
to counteract the Measures taken for establishing the Currency 
whereupon 

Voted, that Col. Chase be desired to make thorough inquirey 
respecting this Matter and [3O9.] Give information of the facts 
and Persons to the Committee of Thirteen that those Offenders 
may be proceeded with agreeable to the Resolves of the Town 

Voted, that it be earnestly recommended to the publick Spirited 
Merchants of this Town, that they continue their utmost exertions, 
to procure as great a Sum to be loned to Government, as can 
possibly be obtained, considering how much depends upon the 
success of this measure 

On a Motion made, Voted, that the last paragraph, in the Re- 
port of the Committee for affexing prices as it respects Lumber 
and Wood be not printed 

Voted, that the Committee Appointed to procure Loans in the 
several Wards who have not made their Reports be desired to do 
it immediately 

On a Motion 

Voted, That this Town in conformity to the recommendation of 
the late Convention at Concord, will appoint Delagates for the 
Purposed Convention to meet at Concord in October next ; and 
the Selectmen are directed to call a Meeting in Season for this 
Purpose 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston who 1 are Free and twenty one years of age at 
Faneuil Hall the 12 th . Day of August Anno Domini 1779 

[31O.] Warrant for calling Meeting read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw, and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator and the same being brought in and sorted, 
it appeared, that 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator of this Meeting unanimously 

The Resolve of the General Court relative to the forming a new 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 83 

Constitution or Form of Government for the People of this 
State was read 

A Motion made that the consideration of the number of Dela- 
gates to be chosen for the Convention to set at Cambridge for the 
Sole purpose of framing a New Constitution, be referred over to 
the Adjournment of this Meeting And the Question being ac- 
cordingly put Passed in the Aff ermative 

It was then moved and carried that this Meeting be Adjourned 
to Monday next being the 16 th . Day of August 3. O. Clock in the 
Afternoon then to meet in this Place 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Monday August 16 th . 1779 3. O. Clock P: M: 
Met according to Adjournment 

[311.] General Hancock the Moderator of this Meeting 
having acquainted the Town that he was by sickness prevented 
from giving his attendance ; the Inhabitants were directed to 
withdraw and bring in their Votes for a Moderator Pro. Tern , 
and the same having been brought in and sorted, it appeared that 

Isaac Smith Esq r . 
was chosen 

The Town having taken into consideration what number of Del- 
agates shall be chosen for the Convention at Cambridge, it was 
Voted, that twelve Persons be chosen to Represent this Town in 
said Convention 
On a Motion made 

Voted, that the Poll for the advice of Delagates, be closed at 
6. O.CIock 

The Vote being brought in for twelve Delagates, and counted, 
it appeared that only Ten were chosen Viz 1 . 

The Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq r . 187 

The Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . 192 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . 185 

The Hon ble . Oliver Wendell Esq r . 189 

Nath 1 . Appleton Esq r . .165 

Thomas Daws Esq r . 137 

Ellis Gray Esq r . 148 

John Lowell Esq r . 141 

Samuel A. Otis Esq r . 119 

D r . Charles Jarvis 133 

[312.] The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring 
in their Votes for two more Delagates and the same being brought 
in and sorted, it appeared that only one was chosen Viz'. 

Ebenezer Storer Esq r . 
Adjourned to to Morrow Morning 10. O.CIock A: M: 

Tuesday the 17 th . Day of August 10. O.CIock Forenoon Met 
according to Adjournment 

M r . Storer chosen yesterday one of the Delagates having de- 
sired, that he might be excused from serving in that place the 
Question was accordingly put which passed in the Negative 

The Inhabitants having been desired to withdraw and bring in 



84 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

their Votes for one other Delagate, and the same having been 
brought in and sorted, it appeared, that 

Samuel Barret Esq r . 
was chosen 

Voted, that the Delagates aforementioned, be and hereby are 
Instructed to Cause a printed Copy of the Form of a Constitution, 
they may agree upon in Convention, to be transmitted to the Se- 
lectmen of each Town ; and the Committee of each Plantation ; to 
be by them laid before their Respective Towns and Plantations 
for their Consideration, in order to its being approved or dis- 
proved, and other wise acted upon pursuant to a late Resolve of 
the General Court of this State 

[313.] Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall Sep r . 3 d . 1779. 10. O.Clock A.M. 

Warrant for calling Meeting read 

On a Motion, Voted, that a Moderator of this Meeting be chosen 
by a Hand Vote" 

John Rowe Esq r . 
was accordingly chosen Moderator of this Meeting 

The Committee of Thirteen appointed by the Town to inforce 
the Regulations of the late Convention &c having acquainted 
the Inhabitants of their proceedings with respect to Cap*. Alex- 
ander Mackay as a Violater of said Resolutions ; and also laid 
before them his late Publication, which greatly reflects on said 
Committee A Motion was made that the said Alexander Mackay 
be required to give his attendance at this Meeting which passed in 
the Affermative 

The Article in the Warrant. Viz'. To consider of the Petition 
of a number of the Inhabitants setting forth, that they are appre- 
hensive that the greatest, distress imaginable must soon take place 
from the scarciety of Fire Wood ; and therefore [314.] Request- 
ing, that application may be made as soon as possible to the 
Hon ble . the Council of this State, that Convoys may be appointed 
for the encouragement and securitey of the Coasters and others 
who bring that Article to this Market ; or to take such other 
measures therein as may be Judged proper was read, and after 
some debate, it was moved, and 

Voted, that a Committee be appointed to take this matter into 
consideration, and Report to the Town what they apprehend best 
to be done thereon 

Voted, that Col. Sears 

Joseph Barrel 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
M r . John Sweetser 
Cap 1 . John Ballard 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

On a Motion made 

Voted, that the Committee for stating the prices of Merchandize 
&c be desired to Report their doings at the Adjournment 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 85 

Alexander Mackay appeared ; and the Committee of Thirteen, 
and said Mackay having been fully heard the Question was put 
Viz'. Whether it appears to this Town that the Committee in 
publishing the Name of Alexander. Mackay as an Enemy to his 
Country, were well founded with respect to facts ; and that they 
have acted therein with fidelity and a due concern for the Publick 
interest Passed in the Affermative 

[315.] The Committee relative to Fire Wood laid their Re- 
port on the Table On a Motion Adjourned to 3. O. Clock - - - 
Afternoon 

3. O: Clock P. M. met according to Adjournment 

The Publication of Alexander Mackey being again taken up 

Voted, Nem. Cou e . That it is the Opinion, of the Town that 
the Peice Signed Alexander Mackay and Published in Willis's 
Paper of last Thursday, is a false infamous and Malicious Libel 
on a respectable Committee of this Town, and this Town resent 
the Writing and Publishing of said Libel as affrontive to them 
also 

Voted, Nem. Con de . that this and the proceeding Vote respect- 
ing Alexander Mackay be published in the several News Papers, 
that the good People of this State may consider the said Mackay 
as deserving the full punishment Assign'd such Offenders in their 
late Resolves 

The Report of the Committee relative to Fire-Wood was again 
read, and considered Paragraph by Paragraph and after longe 
debate 

Voted, that the Inhabitants and Wharfingers be desired, not to 
give more than sixty Dollars p Cord for Wood brought to this 
Market, and that the Wharfingers who have Wood, be desired not 
to dispose of more than two loads to one Person at a time 

[316.] Voted, that the Distillers be earnestl}' requested im- 
mediately to distill y e . Cisterns they now have working, and are 
no longer to distill any more untill the Town is supplied with that 
very Article and that a Committee be appointed to see what 
quantity of Wood is now in the hands of the Distillers, and 
Report immediately 

On a Motion the further consideration of the forementioned 
Report was referred to the Adjournment 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to Tuesday next 9. 
O: Clock. Forenoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Thursday the 9 th . Day of September 9. O: Clock. Forenoon met 
according to Adjournment but no Bells having been rung, and but 
few Inhabitants attending the Meeting was further Adjourned to 
3. O. Clock Afternoon 

3. O: Clock Afternoon the Town met according to Adjournment 
John Rowe Esq. in the Chair 

The Inhabitants being Informed that the Town Clerk was by 
Sickness prevented from giving his Attendance 



86 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

M r . Samuel Ruggles 
was appointed Town Clerk Pro. Tern . 

The Committee at this Meeting Reported the quantity of Wood 
in the hands of the Distillers . 

[317.] The Town entered on a further consideration of the 
Report of the Committee i-elative to Fire- Wood, whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to appoint two or more 
Persons to Measure all the Wood carreying into this Town by 
Land, who shall give to every Teamster a Ticket as has been 
usual heretofore ; the Purchaser to pay for measuring 

Voted, that the Distillers be permitted to import what Wood 
they may have occasion for provided they do not interfere with 
the common course of supply by Coasters who usually supply this 
Market, nor purchase of the Country People bringing in their 
Wood by Land also 

Voted, That Wood from the Eastward should not be at a higher 
price then sixty Dollars a Cord but in as much as our Bretheren 
who supply us by Water from that Quarter, run great hazard it 
was further 

Voted, that twelve hundred Dollars be paid to the Persons, that 
shall bring into this Town the greatest quantity of Cord Wood, 
from this Time to the First Day of April next And one Thou- 
sand Dollars to the next largest Importer to be paid them by the 
Town Treasurer, upon Certificate being produced, from the Select- 
men of this Town And that it be recommended to the Wharfin- 
gers that they supply BO single Familey with more than two Cord 
at a time untill the Town is better supplied 

[318.] It was then moved that a Large Committee be ap- 
pointed to prevent Wood, Meat &c &c from being ingrossed, 
before it entered the Town, but it being dark the consideration 
thereof, and some other Affairs of importance mentioned by the 
Moderator, which comes under the Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . 
To consider whether any further steps shall be taken for the 
better supply of this Market with the Necessaries of Life, was 
refferred over to the next Town Meeting then to be acted upon if 
the Town should Judge proper 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneauiel Hall on Thursday the 14 th . Day 
of September 1779 9. O. Clock A: M 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Question was then put Viz 1 . Whether the Town will now 
proceed, agreeable to the Precept read, to Elect and Depute one 
Person to Represent them in the Great and General Court or 
Assembly now convened at the State House in Boston in the Room 
of the Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . who has been Elected, to and 
taken a Seat at the Hon ble . Board " and the same passed in the 
Negative 

[319.] The Town having Voted, not to come to the choice 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 87 

of a Representative in the room of M r . Adams A Motion was 
then made that a Moderator be now chosen that the Town may 
proceed to consider and determine upon the other Articles in the 
Warrant 

The Inhabitants having withdrawn and brought in their Votes 
for a Moderator 

It Appeared that 

Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
was chosen unanimously 

The Town Clerk being detained at home by sickness 

M r . Elisha Avery 
was chosen Clerk Pro. Tern". 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To take into consideration 
a Representation of the Hattmakers of the Town, setting forth 
the difficulties they Labour under on Account of the price fixed 
to Beaver Hatts, and the reasonableness of an alteration in that 
Article" was read, and after some debate had thereon a 
Motion was made that the Hattmakers have leave to withdraw 
their Petition and the Question being put Passed in the 
Affermative 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . To consider and determine 
upon some effectual Measures to prevent the pernicious practice 
of Persons going on the Neck and at the Ferry and [32O.] 
There purchasing Provisions by means whereof the Inhabitants 
in general are prevented being supplied therewith was read, 
whereupon 

Voted, that Cap*. Samuel Hendley 
Cap 1 . Amasa Davis 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

be a Committee to take said Articles into Consideration and 
Report thereon 

The Article in the Warrant relative to the choice of Delagates 
for the Convention to be held at Concord, being read it was 
determined by the Town, that Seven Persons shall be chose to 
Represent them in said Convention 

Adjourned to 3. 0: Clock Afternoon 

3. 0. Clock Afternoon Met according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to consider of some Method to 
prevent Persons going on the Neck and over the Ferry, to 
purchase Provisions Report 

That two Persons be stationed at the Fortification near the 
Neck, and two Persons at Charlestown Ferrey, who will be 
directed to use every proper Method to prevent Persons going 
over the Neck and passing Charlestown Ferrey in Order to 
purchase Provisions, bringing to Market which Persons to 
continue on said Duty Untill the Selectmen shall Judge it 
unnecessary 

SAM : HENLEY p Order 

[321.] The Foregoing Report having been read and con- 
sidered the Question was put Whether the same be accepted 
Passed in the Affermative 



88 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Voted, that M r . Benj a . EUes 

M r . William Hoskins 
Cap 1 . John Ballard 

be a Committee to prepare a List of twenty Persons to be Stationed 
at the Fortification and Charlestown Ferry in Rotation to prevent 
Persons going out of Boston to purchase Provisions 

The Town having brought in their Votes for Seven Delagates, 
it appeared that 

John Howe Esq r . 
Isaac Sears Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Walley 
Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
Cap'. Amasa Davis 
Samuel Barrel Esq r . 
Cap 1 . John Ballard 
were chose M r . Leonard Jarvis 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . (excused 

Isaac Smith Esq r . 

were chosen Delagates to Represent the Town at the Convention 
to be held at Concord on Wednesday the (> th . of October next, 
then and there with such Committies as may be sent by Other 
Towns, to take into consideration the Prices of Merchandize and 
Country Produce and to do those things that may be necessary for 
carrying into effect such measures as have been recommended by 
Congress in their late Address and [322.] The Resolutions and 
Proceedings of the People of this Town in consequence of said 
Address at their several Meetings 
On a Motion made 

Voted, that a Committee be chosen to go into the Country to 
consult within the several Towns upon some Measures for the 
better supplying the Town with Provisions 
Voted, that Col. Isaac Seers 

M r . Ebenezer Dorr 
, M r . Samuel Breck 
M r . Enoch Brown 
Cap'. Alexander Willson 
M r . Leonard Jarvis 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Voted, that the following Persons he the Committee to attend 
at the Fortification and Charlestown Ferry in Rotation, two at 
each place dayly, for the purposes of preventing People going out 
of Town to purchase Provisions Viz'. 

North End 
Cap'. John Pulling 
M r . Nathaniel Hitchburne 
Cap'. John Ballard 
M r . John Richardson 
Deacon Sharp 
John R. Sigorney 
Francis Shaw Esq r . 
John Kennedy 
John Kneeland 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 



[323.] Moses Grant 

Ephraim Copeland 
Foster Condy 

South End 
Benjamin Edes 
Norton Brailsford 
Adam Colsou 
Joseph Shed 
Joseph Levering 
Thomas Uran 
Maj r . Thomas Melvil 
Cap'. Nath 1 Curtis 
Christ . Clarke 
William Fallas 
Thomas Thompson 
Isaac Pierce 

Then the Meeting was Dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick Town 
Meeting atFaneiuel Hall Tuesday the 21'. Day of September 1779 
3. O: Clock Afternoon 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants having brought in their Votes for a Moderator 
of this Meeting and the same being sorted, it appeared, that 

[324.] The Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . 

was chosen unanimously 

The Committee appointed to go into the Country, Reported partly 
in Writing b}- Col. Sears and M r . Dorr, and partly verbally by 
Cap'. Willson, and M r . Edes, whereby it appeared that the Town 
may expect a Good supply of Provisions from the Country Towns, 
and that it would be well they should have Sugar and Rum as 
wanted that the Country People Apprehend that some Mer- 
chants and Shopkeepers in the dry Goods way, have withheld or 
raised the prices of those Articles of Merchandize, and that they 
are also under apprehensions with respect to the consequencies 
from such Quantities of Goods, being sent to Connecticut or sold 
to the Freeholders of that State 

< The Question was then put ' ' Whether these Reports be accepted 
Passed in the Affermative unanimously 

Voted, that a Committee be appointed "to take the afore- 
mentioned Report into consideration, and Report at the Adjourn- 
ment, what they apprehend are the proper steps to be taken, in 
order to support the Regulations : and that 

M r . Thomas Walley 

Ellis Gray Esq r - 

Richard Devens Esq r . 

James Bowdoin Jun r . Esq r . 

Cap'. Amasa Davis 

M r . John Lucas 

M r . Leonard Jarvis 
be a Committee for that purpose 



90 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

[325.] On a Motion 

Voted, that a Committee be appointed to apply to such Mer- 
chants Shopkeepers, Distillers, and others as withhold their Goods 
from Sale, as also to such Merchants as Ask for or sell their 
Wares at more than the regulated prices, and to inform them, 
that they must strictly comply with the Regulations or have their 
Names returned to the Town or the Committee of Thirteen 
Voted, that 

Col. Isaac Sears 
Cap 1 . Willson 
M r . Leonard Jarvis 
Cap'. John Ballard 
M r . Enoch Brown 
M r . Benjamin Edes 
M r . William Hoskins 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
be a Committee for the Purpose aforesaid 

And said Committee are also directed to waite upon the Conti- 
nental Agents, and all the whole Sale Merchants and Trader's 
together with the Distillers, and request of them an 1 Account of 
the Goods and Merchandize they have sold since the Regulations 
were come into, the Names of the Purchasers, and the Quantities 
sold them with the prices, and also that they do not make Sale of 
more than on hhd of Sugar to any one Person, and such only as 
usually sell those Articles in this Town or State, except to Sugar 
Bakers, who shall bona fide declare, that what they purchased is 
for boiling only and not for Sale 

[326.] The Town being acquainted that some Persons of 
Bilrica had sold Rye Bread in Boston at a higher rate than the 

regulated price and White Esq r . of Bilrica being in this 

Meeting 

Voted, that the said M r . White be desired to use his Influence 
with the Committee of his Town, that instead of Bread the People 
of that Town would send their Grain or Meal to this Market for 
the .supply of the Inhabitants at this time of scarcity 

On a Motion Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to publish 
and Advertizernent acquainting the Publick that Slaughter Houses 
are provided by the Town for the accommodation of the People in 
the Country who may send their Creatures to this Market for the 
Supply of the Inhabitants 

On a Motion Voted, that the Town will countenance and sup- 
port all those who shall give information to the Committee of thir- 
teen of any Violations of the Regulations 

Adjourned to Thursday next being the 23 d . Day of September 
Ins*. 3. O.Clock Afternoon 



Thursday the 23 d . Day of September 3. O.Clock Afternoon met 
according to Adjournment 

The Honourable Samuel Adams Esq r . the Moderator of this 
Meeting, having acquainted the Town that he was prevented from 
giving his Attendance the Inhabitants were directed to bring in 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 91 

their Votes for a Moderator Pro. Tern , and the same being 
brought in & sorted it appeared that 

[327.] Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

was chosen 

Col. Sears Chairman of the Committee appointed to waite upon 
the Merchants, Traders and Distillers, and Cap'. Willson another 
of the Committee being at the Meeting Reported in part ; and 
were desired to Report again at the Adjournment of the Meeting 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . having desired to be excused from serving 
on the foreraentioned Committee, he was accordingly excused, and 
it was 

Voted, that Deacon Freeman 
M r . Isaac Pierce 
M r . John Kneeland 
M r . Joseph Shed 
John Lucas Esq r . 
be added to the Committee 

Voted, that the above Committee make inquirey who have got 
Salt, and New England Rum, and not only as to what the Dis- 
tillers, have by them, but also for whom they distilled Rum, and 
the quantity distilled 

The Report of the Committee to inforce the Regulations &c was 
laid before the Town 

On a Motion Voted, that 

M r . Enoch Brown 
M r . Samuel Brick 
M r . Thomas Dennie - 

be a Committee to confer with Mnj r . Ruggles and Others with re- 
spect to what may be the best Method [328.] To be taken with 
the Cattle and Sheep which are coming into this Town upon the 
Hoof, for the supply of the Inhabitants and Report their 
opinion at the Adjournment 

On a Motion made Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 
Monday next the 27 th . Day of Septem r . 3. O. Clock Afternoon 
And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Monday the 27 th . Day of September 3. O. Clock Afternoon 
Met according to Adjournment 

The Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting 
and Ezekiel Price Esq r . chosen Moderator Pro. Tern 6 , being en- 
gaged in such buissiness as prevents the Attendance of either of 
them the Inhabitants were therefore directed to withdraw and 
bring m their Votes for a Moderator Pro. Tern*, and the same 
being brought in and sorted, it appear'd that 

John Rowe Esq r . 
was chosen 

The Committee to wait upon the Merchants, Traders, Distillers 
&c Report 

That the}' have waited upon several Merchants and as many 
Shopkeepers as the time Assigned them would admit that 
Mess". Bruce Pierce Somes, Fellows, Prentice &c. will strictly 
adhere to the Regulating Act M r . John Mollineux told us that 



92 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

he was obliged to consult his Brother William, whome we met soon 
after, & were treated by him with indelicate Language the effect 
of high passion 

[329.] Deacon Mason and M r . Joseph Barrel will retail their 
Goods as regulated, but are not disposed to sell by whole Sale 
Jonathan Amory will do the same, but us to rendering an Account 
of Goods sold by whole sale he must think of it 

Miss rs . Whitwell Biggelow, Winslow, the said Barrel Kneelaud 
Prentice Joseph Pierce, Davis. J Coolidge and M r . Cams Baker, 
Houghton, Brown, Ford, Jonsey are Shopkeepers who have con- 
formed and mean to continue selling M. Molly Williams 
replys, she cannot determin whether she will conform, as the 
Merch' 8 . have raised their Goods, M". Curies answered, that 
she did not know, whether she should sell at the regulated prices 
or no many Stores were called upon the Owners not within 
waited upon the Agents, Viz 1 . Cap 1 . Bradford Mess". Brown and 
Varnum Mess rs . Clark and Nightingale, from whom we have 
received Account of Sales Called upon the Distillers with the 
Town Resolves Mess rs . Barret and Hall, Johonnot, Hill, 
Perkins, Hoskins, Amory, Fellows, Bryant, Porter, Cable 
Joseph Pierce, Sen r . & Jun r . Scollay, Wells, Rand, Bradsliaw 
and Parker, Hall Larkin, Hendley Clark & Sloon from some of 
whom we have returns made of Stock on hand 

M r . James Perkins not in Town, the Foreman says he has on 
hand 21 hhds Molasses 4 or 500 Gall . Rum and 10 Cisterns set 

We find after strict inquirey and candid answers from the 
Distillers, there is not that quantity of Rum and Molasses the 
Town might have [33O.] Supposed With regard to Salt cm 
Bells Wharf, at Robins Store are 12 Casks said to be the property 
of M r . King 

Mess". Hubbards and Green will supply the Town with 150 
bushels Salt. Mess". Wheelwright and Barnard with 23 Bushels 
Salt Cap 1 . Ketchum with 200 Bush 8 ., Pitts and Call with 2 
hh ds ., D. Isaac Smith Esq r . with 10 or 15 bush 1 , occaisonly 
M r . Thomas Russell will supply 500 Gall 8 . Rum 

The Article of Cotton Wool is explained by the Naval Officer 
Maj r . Barber 

The Committee agreed with Cap*. Law of Brigg*. Neassity 
September 24 th . for 700 bush 8 . Turk 3 . Island and 1300 bushels 
Caidz Salt at nine pounds to be delivered the 27 th . Upon applica- 
tion for delivery of some Cap'. Law replied he had Sold it, to 
Cap'. Ketchup and M r . Cook 

The foregoing Report having been read, after some considera- 
tion the Question was put Viz 1 . Whether the Town approve of 
this Report so far as the Committee have proceeded Passed in 
the Affermative 

On a Motion the Question was put "Whether the Report 
be recommitted Passed in the Negative 

On a Motion made Voted that it is the Sense of the Town that 
no Salt, Flour & Grain shall be sold, unless by retail, untill, 
it shall be Offered to the Town Committee for purchasing said 
Articles 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 93 

[331.] On a Motion Voted, that M r . Love and Cap'. Kitchen, 
be desired -to Attend the Town Meeting at the Adjournment 

Voted, that the Meeting be Adjourned to to Morrow Morning 
'and the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

September 28. 9. OClock Forenoon Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

M r . Brown and M r . Sumner being in the Meeting were desired 
to inform the Town respecting the Salt on board Cap': Loves 
Vessel they according gave information, that Six hhds : of the 
Salt of Nineteen hhds : on the Wharff last Evening, were removed 
from the Wharff last Night 

M r . Cook being in the Meeting acquainted the Inhabitants, that 
the Six hhds : of Salt said to be taken from the Wharff, were 
rolled into a Store, and would be forth coming 

Cap 4 . Kitchen being in the Meeting was asked whether he would 
Sell his Salt to the Town whether in Store or without only reserv- 
ing 100 hhds for his own use on which he gave his Answer in 
the Afferniative 

Resolved, that the Town accept of the thirteen hundred hhds of 
Salt offered by M r . Cook at the regulated price 
On a Motion. Voted, that 

Cap 1 . Alexander Willson 
Cap'. Elias Parkman 
Cap'. John Williams 
Cap'. John Matchet 
Maj r . James Melvil 
[332.] Col. Edward Procter 

Cap'. Gilbert Speekman 

be a Committee to go on board every Vessel 1 in this Harbour, and 
examin what is a board and Report to the Town 

Voted, that Col. Barber the Navil Officer for this Port, be de- 
sired to accompaney the Committee in this Search 

On a Motion the Question was put Viz'. Whether A publick 
Store shall be opendin this Town, for the Supply of the Inhabi- 
tants of this Town and State " which passed in the Affermative 
also 

Voted that a Committee be appointed to devise ways and means 
for procuring the Articles wanted and Report the same as also 
what Regulations they may Judge necessary for carrying the 
Measures into execution 

Voted, that Col. Sears 

Samuel Barret Esq r . 
M r . William Foster 
Cap'. Amasa Davis 
Ellis Gray Esq r . 
Leonard Jarvis 
John Rowe Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to confer with a 
Committee from the Town of Weymouth relative to Supplying the 
Town with Fire Wood to Report at the Adjournment 



94 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

The Selectmen soon Reported Whereupon 

[333.] Voted, that the Consideration of said Report be re- 
ferred to to Morrow Morning 9. O. Clock, and that the Committee 
of Weymouth be informed thereof by the Selectmen 

Adjourned to to Morrow Morning 9. 0. Clock Forenoon 

Wednesday September 29 th . 9. O Clock Forenoon met accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

The Report of the Committee relative to Fire Wood again read 
and is as follows Viz 1 . 

The Selectmen a Committee to confer with Cap'. White and M r . 
Bales, a Committee from Weymouth relative to supplying this 
Town with Wood Report That the Price of Wood landed at 
Boston be as follows Viz'. 

Oake Wood from Weymouth, Braintree Hingham &c. by 

Water 20 p. Cord 

Walnut Wood 23 p. d. 

Pine Wood 13. 10/ p. d. 

p order J. SCOLLAY 

The foregoing Report having been considered the Question 
was put Whether the Report be accepted passed in the 
Affermative 

On a Motion made Voted, that forty Shillings p Cord be added 
to the foregoing prices of Wood, for all such Wood as shall be 
brought into this Town by Land and delivered at the Doors of the 
Purchasers also 

Voted, that four Persons be appointed Sealers of all Wood 
brought in by Laud to this Town 

[334.] The Town having Voted, that a Publick Magazine be 
opened for the Reception and delivery of Freight Articles, of con- 
sumption for the supply of the Inhabitants of this Town and 
State The Committee appointed to devise ways and means for 
carrying said Vote into effect beg leave to Report 

That a Sum not less than sixty thousand Pounds, be raised for 
this Purpose by Subscription of Money and Stock as may be most 
agreeable to the Subscriber the same to be vested in the following 
Articles Viz 1 . Tea Sugar Rum Molosses Coffee Chocolat Salt 
Gotten 

That the Buisiness be conducted by such Persons as the Sub- 
scribers shall appoint,. and on such terms as they shall agree upon 
the prices not to exceed those Stated by the Convention at Con- 
cord ; the profits if any to be to the Subscribers in proportion to 
the Sum Subscribed by each, they take upon themselves all 
Riskes 

That in order to the full Supply of the Magazine aforesaid the 
Several Persons known to be possesed of the Articles above spece- 
fied be requested to attend the Meeting of the Town and enquired 
of whether they will Subscribe for this purpose and to what 
amount and whether in Money or in Stock After which the 
Subscription to be circulated among the Merchants, and Traders 
at large 

Your Committee are of Opinion that the equity of this Mode of 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 95 

supply and its being every Subscribers Interest to ingage in it 
Will insure it general Support all in & order 

ISAAC SEARS Chairman 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered 
[335.] The Question was put Whether the same shall be ex- 
cepted Passed in the Affermative, unanimously 

The Committee to go on board Vessells and make search 
Reported 

On a Motion, Voted, that 

Ellis Gray Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Walley 
M r . Bowdoin 
M r . Nathan Fraizer 
M r . Edward Edes 
Col. Thomas Crafts 
Cap 1 . Henley 

be a Committee to waite upon the Merchants &c and to request 
their Attendance at the Meeting this Afternoon, in order to ac- 
quaint the Town, whether they will subscribe towards the fur- 
nishing a Publick Store with Articles for the supply of the 
Inhabitants 

Adjourned to 3 O. Clock Afternoon 

3 O. Clock P. M. Met according to Adjournment 
M r . Rowe the Moderator Pro. Tern , not being able to attend, 
the Town made choice of 

M r . Leonard Jarvis 
as a Moderator Pro. Tern . 

A Pamphlet lately published by Congress respecting our Cur- 
rency &c was read to the Inhibitants by the Town Clark 
Voted, that M r . Enoch Brown 
M r . John Kneeland 
Cap'. Alexander Willson 
M r . William Hoskins 

[336.] Be a Committee to receive and Store the Salt that has 
been purchased 

On a Motion made Voted, that 
M r . Leonard Jarvis 
James Bowdoin Jun r . Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Walley 

be a Committee to procure Subscription for the Magazine 
Adjourned to Thursday next. 9. O. Clock Forenoon 

Thursday September 30 th . 9: O rClock Before Noon, Met ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

On a Motion made Voted, that 

Cap'. John Ballard 
M r . Jeremiah Belknap 
M r . Joseph Shed 

be a Committee to call upon such Persons as have Salt and to in- 
form them that the Town have occasion for it, for the supply of 
the Inhabitants 



I 
96 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

It was motioned that the Vote passed by the Town Yesterday 
respecting appointing four Measurers of Wood, be reconsidered, 
and that the Selectmen appoint but one Measurer for the Wood 
brought in by Land 

On a Motion Voted, that the Subscribers for a Publick Magazine 
be authorized and impowered to make use of the Granary as a 
Publick Store if they should have occasion 

[337.] On a Motion Voted, that 
Cap 1 . Matchet 
Col. Jabez Hatch 
Cap'. Job Prince 

be a Committee to go round to the Owners of Vessels and solist 
their sending them to the Eastward for Wood, their 

On a Motion Voted, that the stated price of Flour brought into 
this Market be Thirty Pounds p hundred which is conformable to 
the price of Wheat affixed by the Convention 

A Motion made and carried that the Vote directing the Select- 
men to appoint a Sealer of Wood be reconsidered, and that the 
Town now proceed to appoint a Sealer 

Deacon Thomas Bayle}^ 

was accordingly appointed a Sealer of Wood brought into this 
Town by Land 

Voted, that the Sealer of Wood receive of the Purchaser, two 
Shillings p Load for the Trouble of Measuring and the Charge of 
a Certificate to be delivered him 

Whereas it is the wish and expectation of the Town that the 
Convention to meet at Concord the first Wednesday of October 
for the purpose of affixing prices upon Merchandize and Country 
produce should as soon as possible after their Meeting, State the 
price of Wood brought into this Town by Land and Water, to be 
Landed at the Wharffs or [338.] Brought to the Doors of the 
Purchasers ; and Whereas some Persons from the Price of Wood 
not being as yet stated are shamfully taken advantage of the 
distress of the Inhabitants for want of Fuel by asking enormous 
prices for their Wood therefore Voted, that such Persons as 
shall hereafter sell or give more than twenty two pounds p Cord 
for Wood brought in by Laud to the Door of the Purchaser their 
Names shall be returned to the Committee of Thirteen, that they 
may be published as Violaters of the Regulations of the Convention 
and this Town, and the Names of the Sellers sent to the Commit- 
tee of their respective Towns to be dealt with as they shall Judge 
proper. 

Voted, that no one presume to purchase a Load of Wood with- 
out taking a Certificate certifying the Quantity contained in the 
load purchased 

Voted, that the Town Clerk cause One hundred and fifty of the 
proceeding Votes respecting Wood to be printed, and pasted up at 
different parts of the Town 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. To determine what shall be 
done with the Towns share of the produce of the Land at New 
Boston " read whereupon 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 97 

Voted, that this matter be left to the Selectmen to do thereon 
as they may Judge to be for the Interest of the Town 

[339.] On a Motion Voted, that the Constables of the Town 
be directed to require the attendance of the Hatters who had signed 
a publication relative to Sarson Belcher, at the Adjournment of 
this Meeting 

Adjourned to Fry day next 3. O. 'Clock Afternoon 

Fryday October 1. 3. O. Clock P: M: Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

The Moderator Pro. Tern , being absent the Town made choice 
of another by written Votes, when it appeared that 

Isaac Sears Esq r . 
was chosen unanimously 

Col. Brown having acquainted the Town, that a quantity of 
Wood might be had at Reading, and brought to the Landing at 
Maiden it was 

Voted, that Cap'. Ballard 
Col. Barber 
be a Committee to confer with said Brown in that Matter 

The Hatters who had signed a publication in support of Sarson 
Belcher who had been published as a Violator of the Regulations, 
being required to attend instead of attending, they appointed a 
Committee of their Body, who appeared in Town Meeting 

The Town declining to hear the Committee, the Hatters were 
again required to give their Attendance 

[34O.] On a Motion made Voted, that the Selectmen be 
directed to waite upon the Board of War. and, that the Stores 
they have in the Granary may be immediately removed 

Benjamin Clark Constable was turned out of Meeting by the 
order of the Moderator for disorderly behaviour 

Voted, that the Names of all those Hatters who have vindi- 
cated Sarson Belcher in a late publication, except such as shall 
retract their doings before the Committee of Thirteen, by Monday 
next, shall be published by said Committee in the. next Thursdays 
Papers, as Violators of the Regulations, and deserving the resent- 
ment of the People 

Voted, that a simular'Vote with what was published respecting 
Cap'. Alexander Mackay be published in the several News Papers 
respecting Sarson Belcher 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned, in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall Tuesday the 19 Day 
of October 9. O. Clock Forenoon 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

[341.] The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring 
in their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting and the same being 
brought in and sorted, it appeared that 

The Hon 1 " 16 . Samuel Adams Esq r . 
was chosen unanimously 



98 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . To consider the request of the 
Overseers of the Poor, that further provision may be made for 
the supply of the Almshouse" was read and considered where- 
upon 

Voted, the Sum of Ten thousand Pounds be granted in Addition 
to the 6000. granted the 12 th . of March last out of the Tax 
already Voted to defray the charges of the Town be appropriated 
for sole use of the Almshouse 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is directed 
and impowered to borrow a Sum of Money not exceeding Ten 
thousand Pounds to be paid to the orders of the Overseers of the 
Poor for the support of the Poor in the Almshouse for which he 
is to issue his negotiable Notes on Interest payable to the Lenders 
out of the present Tax ; no part of said Sum to be made use of 
for any Other purpose also 

Voted, that the Overseers of the Poor with such Persons as 
they may choose, be a Committee to procure Subscriptions for the 
ten Thousand Pounds, to be appropriated out of the present Tax 
for the Use of the Almshouse, for which the Treasurer is to issue 
his Negotiable Notes carrying Interest payable to the Lenders in 
Current Money out of the present Tax 

[342.] The Articles in the Warrant Viz*. To consider the 
expediency of opening a Fish Market on Dock Square," was read 
whereupon a Motion was made and carried that the consideration 
thereof shall be referred till after the Report of the Committee at 
Concord shall be acted upon 

The Committee of Convention having Reported Agreeable, to a 
Motion made the Meeting was Adjourned to 3. O. Clock After- 
noon 

The foregoing Report having been read after some due consider- 
ation of the same the Question was put Viz 1 , whether the Town 
will receive and adopt the Resolutions and proceedings Aforesaid 
and so far as in their Power will take every effectual Measure 
to carry them into execution Passed in the Affermative but 
one dissentient previous to putting the Question a Motion was 
made that the further consideration of the Report be refferred for 
a fortnight which passed in the Negative almost unanimously 
See particulars as entered at large in the Fair Quarto Book of 
Town Meetings from Page 199. to 220 

On a Motion, Voted, that a Committee of Merchants be ap* 
pointed to affix the prices of European Goods, Wine &c Agree- 
able to the Resolves of the Convention 

John Rowe Esq r . 

M r . Leonard Jarvis 

Hon ble . William Phillips Esq r . 

Stephen Higginson Esq r . 

M r . Nathan Frazier 

Ellis Gray Esq r . 
[343.] M r . Hammond Brimmer 

Samuel Austin Esq r . 

Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 99 

Voted, that the Committee of Thirteen appointed to see the 
Resolves of the former Convention and this Town carried into 
execution be the Committee for carrying the Resolves of the late 
Convention into effect 

Moved and Voted, that the Selectmen be requested to appoint a 
Measurer of Wood brought into this Town by Land 

On a Motion Voted, that the several Committees which were 
Appointed, to procure Subscriptions for the Loan Office, be de- 
sired to call upon the respective Subscribers, receive their Money, 
and lodge the same in the Loan Office there to take Loan Office 
Certifficates and return them to the respective Subscribers ; and 
said Committee are requested to procure further Subscriptions for 
the Loan Office, there to t;ike Loan Office Certificates, and return 
them to the respective Subscribers ; and said Comm ee . are re- 
quested to use their utmost influence to procure further Subscrip- 
tions, being in the Opinion of this Town a Matter -of the last 
consequence 

Voted, that the Town Clerk serve the Chairman of the several 
Committees with a Copy of the proceeding Vote 

Maj r . Melvill b}- his desire was excused from serving any longer 
as one of the Committee of Thirteen and Cap 1 . John Ballard was 
chosen in his room 

[344.] Col. Daws excused by his desire from the Committee 
to procure Subscriptions and M r . John Tileston was appointed in 
his room 

The Article in the Warrant relative to a Fish Market read, 
whereupon Voted, that the Consideration thereof be referred to 
the Adjournment 

Voted, that it be earnestly recommended to the Merchants, 
Shopkeepers and Traders of this Town to open their Stores and 
Shops for the supply of our Bretheren in the Country and the In- 
habitants of this Town and that they shall at least by Retail 

Voted, that the Clerk be directed to publish in the several Papers 
the foregoing Votes relative to the Report of the Committee ap- 
pointed to attend the late Convention at Concord 

Moved nnd carried that in order to give the Committee to affix 
prices time to Report that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesday 
next 10. O. Clock. A : M : and this Meeting was accordingly 
Adjourned 



Tuesday, October 26 th . 10. O. Clock Forenoon, met according to 
Adjournment 

The Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . the Moderator of the Meeting 
Unable to attend ; the Inhabitants withdrew and brought in their 
Votes for a Moderator Pro. Tern , and the same being brought in 
and sorted it appeared that 

[345.] Stephen Higgicson Esq r . 

was chosen Moderator Pro. Tern , and took the Seat accordingly 

Several of the Committee of Thirteen, appointed to see the 
Resolves of the Convention &c executed, being out of Town, or 
unable to attend 



100 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Mess". Isaac Peirce 

Edward Green 
Christop 1 ". Clark 
Benjamin Edes 
Adams Colson 

were chosen in the room of Cap'. Phillips, Col". Edward Proctor, 
Henry Prentice, Samuel Ruggles and D r . Charles Jarvis 

The Committee to affix Prices on European Merchandise Wine 
&c Reported, and after the same was read a Motion was made 
and passed, that the said Report be Recommitted 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . " To consider the expediency 
of erecting a Fish Market in Dock Square was again read, and 
the same having been duly considered, it was Voted, that it be 
left to the Selectmen to build or permit to be built as many Fish 
Stalls over the Water near Dock Square, as they shall Judge 
necessary, and to affix such prices on Fish, or make such Agree- 
ments with those who may be ready to supply this Market with 
Fish till Spring, as they shall Judge reasonable, and for the benefit 
of the Inhabitants 

On a Motion made Voted, that a Committee be now appointed 
to obtain Supplies of the Gentlemen [346.] In Trade, for the 
supply of the Publick Store and that 
M r . Thomas Walley 
Caleb Davis Esq r . 
Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
Henry Hill Esq r . 
Col. Thomas Crafts 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid And the Committee 
are desired, earnestly to request of those Persons who. have the 
Necessaries of Life, that they will freely supply the Inhabitants at 
least by Retail with such Necessaries 

On a Motion made Voted, that when this Meeting shall be 
Adjourned, it shall be to this Day fortnight being the 9 th . Day of 
November next 10. OClock Forenoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Tuesday November 9. 10 O. Clock Forenoon Met according to 
Adjournment 

Samuel Adams Esq r . the Moderator and Stephen Higginson 
Esq r . Moderator Pro Tern : 

The Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . the Moderator and M r . Hig- 
ginson the Moderator Pro Tern , being out of Town the Inhabitants 
were directed to withdraw and bring in their Votes, for a Mod- 
erator Pro Tern , and the same being brought in and sorted it 
appeared that 

John Tudor Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator of the Meeting Pro Tern . 

[347.] The Committee appointed to affix the prices of 
European Merchandize &c &c 

Reported verbally That they had spent considerable time in 
considering the Buisiness Assigned them by the Town, and found 
it to be impracticable to affix particular prices to the various 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 101 

Articles of European Merchandize, or to do any thing more than 
the Late Convention at Concord had done in that matter 

On a Motion made Voted, that the Hon ble . Thomas Gushing 
Esq r . and James Gorham Esq r . who were of the Number of Com- 
missioners from the New England Colonies who lately met at 
Hartford in order to consider the expediency of Stating Prices 
&c be desired to Attend this Meeting, and that a Committee be 
now chosen to wait upon them for that purpose 

Voted, that M r . Christophef Clark be a Committee to waite 
upon those Gentleman 

M r . Gushing and M r . Gorham at the disire of the Town attended 
accordingly, and at the request of the Inhabitants acquainted 
them with the Proceedings of the Convention at Hartford relative 
to the consideration of the expediency of stating prices &c 

On a Motion made Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned 
to Wednesday the 10 Ins 1 . 3. O.Clock P:M: and it was accord- 
ingly Adjourned 

Wednesday the 10 Day of November 3. O.Clock Afternoon 
met according to Adjournment 

[348.] The Committee appointed to procure Subscriptions 
for the purpose of furnishing the Town, Magazine with Grain, 
West India Goods, being called upon to Report the Sums that had 
been Subscribed. M r . Walley one of the Committee laid the 
Subscription Paper on the Table, which was read and there 
delivered back to M r . Walley 

John Rowe Esq r . and M r . Walley two of the Committee chosen 
by the Subscriber for supplying in a Publick Store Reported, 
That there had been receiv'd into the Publick Store since the 6 th . 
Day of October last 

906 Bushels of Indian Corn 
207 Ditto of Rye 
88 Ditto of Indian Meal 
15 Ditto of Rye Meal 
60 Ditto of Wheat 
2 Tons of Flour 

That besides the above, the Store Keeper Col. Hurd has en- 
gaged upward of 300 Bushels of Indian Corn to be brought in 
very soon that the greatest part of the above mentioned Grain 
has been delivered out again in small parcells to at least 1500 
different Persons in the Town of Boston that had there been 
a sufficiency of Salt and other Merchandize turned into the Pub- 
lick Store as was expected, the Granary might have been filled with 
Provisions before this some very considerable quantities of Grain 
and Flour, having been brought into Town, and offered at the 
Publick Store, which was afterwards purchased by other Per- 
sons who could pay a Larger proportion of Salt, Sugar, Tea, and 
Rum than could be supplied from the Publick Store [349.] That 
what Money now remains in the hands of the Store Keeper aris- 
ing from the Sale of Salt Sugar, Grain &c cannot be invested in 
any sort of Merchandize, without giving 50 p C'. differauce in 
price that a Large quantity of Salt, Sugar Tea and Rum had 



102 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

been sold from the Publick Store, besides, what has been supplied 
the Country People for Grain, and to others who have brought 
to this Market Beef, Mutton &c &c as can be attested by Mess rs . 
Ballard Hews &c 

A Motion was made, " that the sense of the Town be taken 
whether the Publick Store shall be kept open " and the Ques- 
tion being accordingly put Passed in the Aff ermative 

On a Motion Voted, that the Committee appointed to procure 
Subscriptions for the Publick Store, be desired to call upon all 
those Subscribers who have not fulfilled their engagements, and to 
require that they do it immediately also 

Voted, that they use their endaviours to procure further Sub- 
scriptions for the supply of the said Store 

Moved that this Meeting be desolved 

And the Meeting was accordingly dessolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders, & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned, in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Fanuiel Hall November the 24 th . 1779 
Three O. Clock Afternoon 

[35O.] The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring 
in their Votes for a Moderator of the Meeting and the same being 
brought in and Sorted it appeared that 

John Tudor Esq r . 
was chosen 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. 

To consider and determine upon Measures for procuring the 
Town proportion of Clothing for the Contenental Army Agreeable 
to a late Resolve of the General Assembly" was read where- 
upon 

Voted, that John Rowe Esq r . 

Col. Thomas Crafts 
Jonathan Williams Esq r . 
M r . Samuel Eleot Jun r . 
M r . Nathan Frazier 

be a Committee for that Purpose, and to Report at the Adjourn- 
ment 

The Petition of M r . Samuel Hunt Master of the South Grammer 
School, that he may be allowed for his services since August last, 
and that it may be determined what Sum shall be granted for an 
Assistant to said School " was read, whereupon 

Voted, that a Committee be appointed to consider said Petition 
and what may be proper Allowance for the other School Masters, 
and to Report at the Adjournment 

Voted, that John Lowell Esq r . 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
Kllis Gray Esq r . 
M r . Nicholas Bowes 
be a Committee for that purpose 

[351.] The Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To consider what 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1779. 103 

Measures shall be taken for the repairing the Mill & Draw Bridges 
now became dangerious, the Proprietors of the Mills, having de- 
clined doing it " was read, whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to take this Article into Consideration & Report at the 
Adjournment, what they Judge best to be done thereon 

Adjourned to Tuesday next 10. OClock Forenoon 

Tuesday November 30 th . 10. 0. Clock, Beforenoon Met 
according to Adjournment 

Deacon Tudor in the Chair 

The Selectmen a Committee appointed by the Town, to confer 
with the Mill Owners relative to the Repairs of the Mill Bridges 
beg leave to Report 

That they have met with the Proprietors of the Mills, and have 
obtained their Assurance, that those Bridges shall be immediately 
so repared as to prevent danger to Carriages &c. passing over 
them, and that as soon as the Season will permit they purpose to 
give them a more thorough Repair 

J. SCOLLAY, Chairman p Order 

The foregoing Report having been read, it was Voted that the 
same be accepted 

The Committee appointed to consider M r . Hunts Request, and 
what may be proper Allowances for the other School Masters, have 
considered these [352.] Matters, and Report as their Opinion 
That there be allowed to the several School Masters for Six 
Months service commencing on the first Day of September last the 
following Sums respectively Viz'. 

To M r . Hunt 1800 

To M r . Holbrook 1500 

To M r . Tileston 1500 

To M r . Carter - 1500 

ToM r . Bently 1500 

J. LOWELL p Order 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered the 
Question was put Viz'. Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affermative 

On a Motion, Voted, that a Committee be appointed to consider 
& Report what they Judge may be a suitable allowance for an 
Usher for the South Grammar School 

, On a Motion, Voted, that the Committee appointed the 24 l . 
Ins', to consider proper allowances for the School Masters, be the 
Committee 'for the purpose aforesaid 

The Committee appointed by the Town to consider the Article 
in the Warrant relative to procuring Clothing for the Continental 
Army Report as follows 

That part of the Clothing can be procured, but your Committee 
after the utmost enquirey find it at present impracticable to pro- 
cure the whole, and what can be procured cannot be obtained, 
without the Cash being paid immediately and those Articles will 
be very dear 

JOHN ROWE p Order 



104 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

[353.] The above Report having been read, it was Voted, 
that the same be accepted 

On a Motion Voted, that a Committee be now appointed to 
procure Subscriptions for a Sum not exceeding 30,000 for the 
purpose of procuring the Towns proportion of Clothing for the 
Continental Army, and the Town Treasurer is hereby directed and 
impowered to Give his Negotiable Notes on Interest to the re- 
spective Lenders for the Sum Subscribed also 
Voted, that Col. Thomas Crafts 

Mj. Thomas Hitchborne 
M . Henry Hill 
Ebeuezer Hancock Esq r . 
M r . John Kneeland 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

It was moved & Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned, 
it shall to Monday next 3. O. Clock P: M: being the 6 th . of 
December 

Voted, that the Town Meeting Adjournment be published in y e . 
News Papers 

Then the Meeting was Adjourned 

Monday December 6 th . 3 O. Clock Afternoon Met accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

Deacon Tudor in the Chair 

The Committee appointed to Consider and Report a suitable 
allowance to Mr. Hunts present Assistant as also what mayebe 
proper allowance for an Usher to the South Grammer School 

[354.] Report that M r . Hunts be allowed and paid out of 
the Town Treasurery the Sum of four hundred & Seventy Five 
pounds in full for an Assistant for the Nine Months past 
And the future Allowance for the Usher of the South Grammer 
School, be one half of the Sum allowed the Master 

EZKE L . PRICE p Order 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered, the 
Question was put Viz'. Whether the Report shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affermative 

The Committee appointed to procure Subscriptions for a Sum 
not exceeding 30,000 for the purpose of obtaining the Towns 
proportion of [Clothing] for the Continental Army Reported, 
That they had as yet obtained but 500 and should not be 
able to procure the Sum intended 

On a Motion Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to, to 
Morrow 3. O. Clock Afternoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Tuesday the 7 th . Day of December 3. O. Clock Afternoon, Met 
according to Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant relative to procuring Clothing &c 
was again taken up and considered whereupon Voted that 
Col. Thomas Crafts 
M r . Thomas Hitchborne 
M r . Henry Hill 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 105 

[355.] Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 

M r . John Kneeland 

the Committee appointed at a late Meeting to procure Subscrip- 
tions for a Sum not exceeding 30,000 for the purpose of pro- 
curing the Towns proportion of Clothing for the Continental Army, 
be and hereby are desired to proceed in that buissiness, untill a 
Sum sufficient for the purpose is Subscribed ; said Lenders to be 
repaid the respective Sums by them advanced, by a discount out 
of their present Tax also 

Voted, that David Jeffries Esq r . the Town Treasurer, be and he 
hereby is impower'd and directed, to give his negotiable Notes to 
the respective Subscribers, for the sum by them so Advanced for 
the purpose aforesaid payable out of the present Tax 

On a Motion Voted, that the thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to John Tudor Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting for 
dispatching the Buissness thereof 

A Motion made and carried that this Meeting be dessolved 

And the Meeting was accordingly Dissolved 



[356.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 1'. Day 
of February Anno Domini 1780 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read when it appeared by the 
Return made by the Constables on said Warrant, that they had 
neglected to Warn one of the Wards 

A Motion was then made, and it was accordingly Voted, that 
the Selectmen be desired to issue a warrant, on Thursday next 3. 
O. Clock Afternoon, And that the Constables be directed to Notify 
the Inhabitants without leaving printed Notifications 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 3 d . 
Day of February 1780 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw, and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator, and the same having been brought in and 
sorted, it appeared, that 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . was chosen 

[357.] General Hancock having desired to be excused from 
serving as Moderator on account of his health he was excused, 
and the Votes, for another Person as Moderator being brought 
in and sorted, it appeared that 

John Tudor Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator of this Meeting 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . To consider what Sum of 
Money shall be raised to defray, the necessary Charges and 
Expences of the Town " was read, and considered whereupon 

Voted, that the further Sum of Seventy thousand Pounds, in 
addition to the Sums already granted, be raised by* a Tax upon 
Polls and Estates within this Town, for the relief of the Poor, 



106 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

and defrying other necessary Charges arising within this Town the 
ensuing Year 

The Article of the Warrant Viz'. " Of the request of the Assess- 
ors, that the Town would determine what they shall be paid a 
Day for their services to this time." was read, whereupon 

Voted, that the Assessors have Nine pounds, p Day for their 
services to this time 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 : "To consider and determine 
whether the Watch at New Boston shall be reistablished " was 
read and considered, whereupon 

[358.] Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to Reinstate the 
Watch at West Boston 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 4 . " To consider the Request of 
the Town Treasurer that it may be determined, what Allowance 
may be proper to make him for past services " was read, where- 
upon 

Voted, that John Lowell Esq r . 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
Thomas Crafts Esq r . 
Ellis Gray Esq r . 
M r . Nicholas Bowes 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid to make Report as soon 
as may be 

Then the Meeting was dessolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 6 th . Day of 
March 1780 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting by a unanimous Vote 

The Committee appointed by the Town the 5 th . of March last 
to apply to a proper Gentleman to [359.] Deliver an Oration the 
5 th . of March Ins 1 , to perpetuate the memory of the horred Mas- 
sacre perpetrated on the Evening of the 5 th . of March 1770 by a 
Party of Soldiers under the Command of Cap'. Thomas Preston of 
the 29 th . Regiment Reported 

That having met together several times for the purposes men- 
tioned in the Town Vote, they had unanimously made choice of 
M r . Jonathan Mason Jun r . to deliver an Oration on the 5 th . of 
March Ins', who had accordingly accepted of that service 

The foregoing Report having been made, the Question was 
put Whether the same shall be accepted Passed in the Affer- 
mative 

Upon a Motion the Town took into consideration ? what would 
be the best time to have the Oration pronounced ; as also what 
place would be most suitable for the Purpose whereupon 

Voted, that the Oration be delivered at the Old Brick Meeting 
House, the Hall not being capacious enough to receive to the 
Inhabitants that attended upon the occasion 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 107 

Voted, that Col". Tudor 
Col. Palfrey 
Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 

be a Committee to wait upon Jonathan Mason, and acquaint him 
that it is the desire of the Town that the Oration may be delivered 
at the Old Brick Meeting [36O.J House. 12. O. Clock this Day 
as also to ask leave of the Committee of said Church for the use 
of that Building 
On a Motion made 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to order the several 
Bells in the Town to be tolled from one quarter of an Hour after 
9. untill 10. O.Clock 

Adjourned to the Old Brick Meeting House 12. O.Clock 

The Town met at the Old Brick Meeting House 12. O.Clock 
according to Adjournment 

The Cojnmittee appointed to wait upon M r . Jonathan Mason 
Jun r . to acquaint him with the Vote of the Town respecting the 
time and Place for the delivery of an Oration Reported 

An Oration to commemorate the horred Massacre of the Fifth 
of March 1770 and to impress upon the Minds of the Citizens, the 
ruinous tendency of standing Armies, being placed in Free and 
Populous Cities. &c. was delivered by M r . Jonathan Mason Jun r . 
to a large and crowded Audience and received by them with great 
Applause 

On a Motion Voted, that 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq f . 
William Cooper 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
M r . Barth . Kneeland 
William Tudor Esq r . 
[361.] John Lowell Esq r . 

Ellis Gray Esq r . 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to wait upon M r . 'Jona- 
than Mason Jun r . to thank him for the spirited and elegant Oration 
delivered by Him at their request, in commemoration of the horred 
Massacre perpetrated on the Evening of the 5 th . of March 1770. 
by a Party of Soldiers of the 29 th . Regiment under the Command 
of Cap 4 . Thomas Preston, and to request of him a Copy thereof 
for the Press. 

On a Motion made 

Voted, that The Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . 
The Hon ble . John Pitts Esq r . 
The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . 

John Lowell Esq r . 
M r . Jonathan Mason Jun r . 
M r . Barth . Kneeland 

Harbottle Dorr Esq r . 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to apply to a proper 
Gentleman, to deliver an Oration on the 5 th . of March next to per- 
petuate th-e memory of the horred Massacre perpetrated on the 
Evening of the 5 th . of March 1770. by a Party of Soldiers of the 



108 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

29 th . Regiment, under the Command of Cap*. Thomas Preston, and 
to impress upon our Minds the ruinous tendency of Standing Ar- 
mies being plac'd in Free and populous Cities in a time of Peace ; 
and the necessity of such noble Exertions in all future times as 
the Inhabitants of the Town then made, whereby the designs of the 
Conspirators against the Publick Peace may be still frustrated 

A Collection made for M r . Monk who still languishes under the 
wounds received on 5 th . March 1770 of 329 .. 8.. 1. 

[362.] Then the Meeting was dessolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in Publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 13 th . Day of 
March Anno Domini 1780 9 O. Clock Before Noon 
Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r . Cooper 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Sundry Laws enjoined to be read at this Meeting were accord- 
ingly read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, and the same being 
brought in and sorted it appeared that 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r 
was chosen unanimously 

M r . William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year 
ensuing, and took the Oath of Office for the faithf ull discharge 
of his Duty which Oath was administred by M r . Justice Green- 
leaf 

The Town having Determined by a Vote to choose Seven Select- 
men, the Inhabitants were [363.] Then directed to withdraw and 
bring in their Votes for that Number ; and the same being brought 
in and sorted, it appeared that only the following Six Gentlemen 
Viz 1 . 

John Scollay Esq r . 
Cap 1 . Gustavus Fellows 
Harbottle Dorr Esq r . 
M r . Nathan Frazier 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
M r . John Sweetser excused 
were chosen Selectmen for the Year ensuing 

The Votes being brought in for one Selectman and sorted it 
appeared that 

Cap'. William Mackay 
was chosen 

On a Motion made the Question was put Viz 1 . Whether the 
Town will now make choice of Nine Persons, as a Committee of 
Correspondence, Inspection and Safety for the Year ensuing " 
Passed in the Affermative 

The Votes being brought in and sorted, it appeared that 
M r . Ebenezer Dorr - - - excused 
M r . John Lowell - - - d. 
Maj r . Thomas Melvill - - d. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 109 

M r . Henry Prentice - - d. 
John Lucas Esq r . - - - d. 
Col. Josiah Waters - - d. 
Cap'. John Simkins - - d. 
M r . Jonathan Mason Ju r . 
M r . Samuel Brick - - - d. 

[364.] Were chosen a Committee of Correspondence In- 
spection and Safet}- for the Year ensuing 

M r . John Lowell having desired that he may be excused from 
serving on the Committee of Correspondence &c he was accord- 
ingly excused 

Adjourned to 3 O.Clock P.M. 

3 O. Clock. P: M: Met according to Adjournment 
The Votes being brought in and sorted it appeared that 
Nathaniel Barber Esq r . (excused) was chosen one of the Com- 
mittee of Correspondence Inspection and Safety for the Year 
ensuing 

Col. Waters one of the Gentleman chosen a Committee of 
Correspondence &c having desired to be excused from serving on 
that Committee he was accordingly excused 

Nathaniel Barber Esq r . another of the Gentlemen chosen to 
compose that Committee having desired to be excused from serv- 
ing, for reasons given by him, he was accordingly excused 

M r . Henry Prentice of the same Committee was also by his 
desire excused from serving on the Committee 

Maj r . Thomas Melville another of the Committee having desired 
to be excused from serving, he was accordingly excused 

[365.] The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for twelve 
Wardens, and upon sorting them it appeared that 
Cap'. Jonathan Davis 
Col. Josiah Waters Ju r . 
M r . William Brick excused 

Cap t . Nathaniel Curtis 
M r . Joshua Farrington 
M r . James Boyce 
Cap'. John Newell 
M r . William White 
M r . Joseph Pico 
Alexander Edwards Esq r . 
M r . Jacob Rhodes 
M r . John Boyls 
were chosen Wardens for the Year ensuing 

M r . Samuel Brick one of the Gentleman chosen a Committee of 
Correspondence &c having as by his Letter on file, desired to be 
excused from serving on that Committee he was accordingly ex- 
cused 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for sixteen Fire Wards, 
and upon sorting them it appeared that 
John Scollay Esq r 
William Cooper 
Francis Shaw Esq r . 



110 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Edward Procter Esq r . 
Cap'. John Pulling 
Caleb Davis Esq r . 
Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Tileston 
[366.] Andrew Syms Esq r . 

Cap'. Gustavus Fellows 
Joseph Webb Esq r . 
Cap'.' John Ballard 
M r . John Ballard 
M r . John Lowell 
Maj r . Thomas Melvill 
Jabez Hatch Esq r . 
were chosen Fire Wards for the Year ensuing 

M r . John Sweetser chosen Selectman having desired thai he 
might be excused from serving in that Office, as it must prevent 
his discharging the trust of an Overseer of the Poor : he was 
accordingly excused 

Votes, for a County Treasurer, brought in, and being sealed up 
in Town Meeting were delivered to M r . Constable Parks to be by 
him returned to the Court of General Sessions of the Peace at their 
next Meeting 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for one Selectman in the 
room of M r . John Sweetser, who was excused from serving, it ap- 
peared that 

M r . Tuttle Hubbard 
was chosen a Selectman for the Year ensuing 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for one Fire Ward, and 
upon sorting them it appeared that M r . John Wintherop was chosen 
a Fire Ward for the Year ensuing 

[367.] The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for twelve 
Overseers of the Poor, and upon sorting them it appeared that 
The Hon ble . William Phillips Esq r . 
Isaac Smith Esq r . 
M r . Jonathan Mason 
Cap'. Samuel Partridge 
M r . Samuel Whitwell 
M r . John White 
Edward Procter Esq r . 
William Powell Esq r . 
M r . John Sweetser Jim r . 
Samuel Barret Esq r . 
M r . Nicholas Bowes 

Joseph Webb Esq r . 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing 

Maj r . Edward Carnes 

was chosen a Surveyor of Hemp, for the Year ensuing 
Mess rs . John Bui finch 
Joseph Ballard 
Uriah Norcross 
Benjamin White 
Joseph Butler 



BOSTON Towx RECORDS, 1780. Ill 

Samuel Fenno 

Henry Blaisdel 

John Charupney 

Thomas Bayley 

Edward Ranger 

John Bell 

Abraham Howard 

James Rogers 

Phillip Eckert 
[368.] Benjamin Howard 

Abijah Crane 

Samuel Dellaway 

Jonathan Stoddard 

Thomas Uran 

were chose Surveyors of Boards, for the Year ensuing 
Mess". William Clough 

Joseph Daniels 

Samuel Dyer 

Nathaniel Wales 

William Brown 

were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensumg 
Mess". Daniel Parks 

John Child excused 

Samuel Curtis 

Nathan Green 

Samuel Bangs 
were chosen Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing 

M r . Adam Colson 

was chosen Informer of Deer for the Year ensuing 
Mess". Peter Cotta 

Manassah Masters 

William Corbit 

Joshua Pico 

William Raynard 

John Owen 

Samuel Hayley 

William Parkman 

Caleb Hayden 
[369.] Samuel Bernard 

William Freeland 

were chosen Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing 
Mess. Samuel Curtis 

Jonathan Farnam 

John Cade 

were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing 
Mess". George Hamling 

Isaac Tuckerman 
were chose Haywards for the Year ensuing 

Adjourned to Tuesday next 10. O'Clock Before Noon 

Tuesday the 14 Day of March 10. O'Clock Before Xoon Met 
according to Adjournment 



112 CITY DOCUMENT No. -SO. 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting, 
having desired to be excused from further service as a Moderator, 
his duty requiring his attendance at the General Court he was 
accordingly excused for the present, and the Inhabitants were 
directed to bring in their Votes for a Moderator Pro Tein. and the 
same being brought in and sorted ft appeared that 

John Tudor Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator Pro Tern . 

M r . Dorr having desired to be excused by the Town from serv- 
ing on the Committee of Correspondence &c. he was accord- 
ingly excused 

[37O.J The Selectmen having requested an augmentation of 
their Number the Question was put Viz*. Whether the Vote 
for choosing only seven Persons as Selectmen the present year, 
shall be reconsidered, which passed in the Affermative 

A debate having arisen, relative to a time being assigned, for 
the choice of two Selectmen a Motion was made " that the Vote 
for an Augmentation of that Body may be reconsidered " and the 
Question being put passed in the Affermative 

Cap 1 . John Simkins chosen on the Committee of Correspondence 
& having desired to be excused from serving he was accord- 
ingly excused 

John Lucas Esq r . having desired to be excused from serving on 
the Committee of Correspondence the year ensuing he was accord- 
ingly excused 

On a Motion made Voted, that the choice of a Committee of 
Correspondence be referred to the Adjournment of this Meeting 

A motion was made for reconsidering the Vote Affixing the 
number of the Committee of Correspondence at nine, and that 
thirteen be chosen at the Adjournment a debate arising on the 
Motion, the Question was withdrawn 

The Inhabitants having brought in their Votes, for a Town 
Treasurer it appeared that 

[371.] David Jeffries Esq r . 

was chosen Town Treasurer for the Year ensuing unanimously 

On a Motion made the Question was put Whether Collec- 
tors of Taxes shall be chose seperate from Constables Passed 
in the Affermative 

On a Motion made Voted, that the choice of Constables be re- 
ferred over to the Adjournment of this Meeting 

The Selectmen 

were chosen Surveyors of High Ways for the Year ensuing 
Jonathan Williams Esq r . 
M r . John Sweetser Ju r . 
M r . John White 

were chosen Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, and they 
are desired and impowered to give all needfull directions to the 
Keeper of the Granary, respecting the quantity of Grain to be 
sold, and affixing the prices thereof from time to time as occaison 
shall require ; and the said Committee are desired and directed to 
cause all the Grain belonging to the Town to be ground at the 
new Mills near the Mill Bridge 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 113 

John Tudor Esq r . 
John Lucas Esq r . 
M r . John White 
M r . James Thwing 
M r . John Sweetser 

were chosen Survevers of Wheat for the Year ensuing 
[372.] Mess". Thomas Green 

John Skinner 
were chose Assay Masters for the year ensuing 

Mess rs . Samuel Clough for Ward N. 1. 
Cap'. John Lambert - - - 2. 
James Sherman - - 3 

John Cogswell ----- 4 
John Dinsdel ----- 5 
John Welch ----- 6 

William Peke 7 

David Burrel 8 

Daniel Parks 9 

William Rogers - - - - 10 
Ebenezer Hinkley - - - - 11 
Charles Simpson - - - - 12 
were chosen Scavingers for the Year ensuing 
On a Motion, Voted, that 

M r . Jonathan Mason 
M r . John Sweetser 
Samuel Barret Esq r . 

be a Committee to enquire respecting the payments made by the 
Collectors, into the State, County and Town Treasuries ; and to 
make Report as soon as may be 

On a Motion Voted, that the choice of Collectors be referred 
over to the Adjournment of this Meeting 
Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P: M: 



3 O. Clock P: M: met according to Adjournment 
[373,] The following Persons were chose Clerks of the 
Market for the Year ensuing Viz'. 

Mess". Benjamin Coolidge 

Isaijah Doan 

Samuel Fen no 

Henry Newman 

Thomas Gushing Jun r . 

Abraham Eustis 

John Reed Jun r . 

John Codman Jun r . 

John Jackson 

Thomas Lovel 

John Carnes Jun r . 
On a Motion, Voted, that 

Ellis Gray Esq r . 

Col. Josiah Waters 

Col. Thomas Daws 



114 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Samuel Barret Esq r . 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
John Lucas Esq r . 

be a Committee to consider the time aud manner in which the 
Assessors should set for abatements of Taxes ; and to Report at 
the Adjournment 

On a Motion Voted, that 

Ellis Gray Esq r . 
Col. Josiah "Waters Ju r . 
Col. Thomas Daws 
Samuel Barret Esq r . 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
John Lucas Esq r . 

be a Committee to take into consideration the number of Assessors 
uecesary to be chosen, aud the manner in which they shall be 
paid 

[374.] Moved and Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to 
lay before the Town at the next Town Meeting, the Sums they 
have drawn for on the Town Treasurer the last Year, distinguish- 
ing the Several services 

On a Motion, Voted, that a Committee be appointed to make 
full inquirey into the Affairs of the Town, respecting its Debts, 
and Credits, and Report the same, as soon as ma} 1 be, with the 
Names of the Persons to and from whom the several Sums are 
respectively due also 

Voted, that Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Col. Josiah Waters 
M r . Herman Brimmer 
M r . Joseph Pierce 
Ellis Gray Esq r . 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 
Ebenezer Storer Esq r . 
M r . Samuel Brick 
M r . John Lowell 
Hon ble . Benjamin Austin Esq r . 
M r . John Andrews 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Ac- 
counts of David Jeffries Esq r . Treasurer, and also the Accompts 
of the Overseers of the Poor ; and the said Committee are im- 
powered when they shall Audit said Accompts to allow such of 
the Overseers as shall advance Money for the Relief of the Poor, 
Interest on all such Sums from the time so Advanced, untill they 
shall have Audited [375.] Said Accompts, and they are also 
desired to Report from time to time a State of the Treasurey re* 
specting its Debts and Credits, and on any Matter that they may 
think proper 

The article in the Warrant Viz 1 . To determin what Land 
shall be improved by the Town for the raising of Vegitables the 
present Year, was read, whereupon 
Voted, that Cap*. Job Prince 

M r . Isaac Pierce 
M r . Enoch Brown 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 115 

M r . Samuel Breck 
M r . John Lowell 
M r . Cornelius Tbayer 
M r . Andrew Oliver 

be a Committee to consider this Article, and Report at the 
Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . To consider what Measures 
shall be taken relating to the Manure in the Street " was read, 
whereupon 

Voted, that Cap'. Job Prince 
M r . Isaac Pierce 
M r . Enoch Brown 
M 1 . Samuel Breck 
M r . John Lowell 
M r . Cornelius Thayer 
M r . Andrew Oliver 

be a Committee to consider this Matter and Report at the Adjourn- 
ment 

[376.] The Article relative to a School house was read, 
whereupon it was moved and Voted, to refer the Consideration 
thereof to the Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . "To consider what further 
provision is necessary for the Work House " was read where- 
upon Voted, that 

Ellis Gray Esq r . 
Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
M. r . John Andrews 
M r . Edward Payne 
William Cooper 

be a Committee to consider this Matter and Report as soon as 
may bu 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. "To consider what is 
further necessary to be done relative to supplying the Families of 
such Non Commissioned Officers and Soldiers as have engaged 
in the Continental Service, conformable to a late Act of the 
General Court, was read, whereupon, it was moved and Voted, 
that the further consideration of this Matter be referred over to 
the Adjournment of this Meeting 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. "To consider whether any 
further Measures can be taken to promote Virtue, and good order 
in the Town " was read, whereupon Voted, that 
The Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . 
Rev d . Doct r . Cooper 
Rev d . M r . Lotherop 
Rev d . M r . Howard 
M r . Joseph Peirce 
[377.] John Tudor Esq r . 

Caleb Davis Esq r . 

be a Committee for the Purpose aforesaid to Report as soon as 
may be 

Adjourned to Tuesday next being the 21 Ins'. 10. OClock Fore- 
Noon 



116 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

March 21 st . 10. O. Clock. Met according to Adjournment 

John Tudor in the Chair 

On a Motion Voted, that the Town come to the choice of Con- 
stables at 12 O. Clock 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for Eight or Nine Persons to serve on a Committee of Cor- 
respondence Inspection & Safety in the Room of Eight who have 
resigned ; and the Votes having been brought in and sorted it 
appeared that 

Nathaniel Barber Esq r . 
Edward Procter Esq r . 
Cap'. John Pulling 
M r . Foster Conday 
Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 
Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 
Andrew Symms Esq r . 
Thomas Melvill Esq r . 

were Chosen a Committee of Correspondence, Inspection and 
Safety, for the Year ensuing 

Col. Waters, having desired that he might be excused serving 
as a Warden the Question was put and passed in the negative 

[378.] The Committee who were appointed to consider the 
Number of the Assessors, and the Manner in which they are to be 
paid Report as their Opinion 

That in consideration of the impoverished State of the Town, 
there should be five Assessors and no more to be paid out of 
the Town Treasurey 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered the 
Question was put Whether the Report be accepted Passed in 
the Negative 

On a Motion Voted, that the Town will make choice of Seven 
Assessors for the Year ensuing 

The Committee appointed to enquire respecting the payments 
made by the Collectors into the State, County and Town Treas- 
uries Report 

That it appears by the Treasurers Books &c That there is a 
ballance due from Frances Shaw Esq r . 
March 20 th . to the State Treasurer 5222.19. 7 
To the Town Treasurer 14798.11.11 



20020.11. 6 

Ballance due from Benjamin Sumner 
Jun r . March 20 th . To the State Treasurer 1091.5. 4 
To the Town Treasurer 7267.2.10 

18358.8.2. 
Ballance due from Josiah Torry March 20 th . 

To the State Treasurer 4963.7- 

To the Town Treasurer - - - - - 3055.4.10 



8018.11.10 



[379.] 46397. 11. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 117 

Ballance due from M r . James Thompson 
March 20 th . 

To State Treasurer 9934.14.7. 

To the Town Treasurer ----- 5074. 6.2 



15009.0.9. 



Due from M r . Benjamin Cudworth 61406. 12. 3| 

To Town Tren surer 1180.5.5. 

Due from M r . Benjamin Cudworth to 

- - the State Treasury on Execution 

- - returned not satisfied and one re- 

- - turned satisfied in part for 1778 

- - Tax 3647.16 

The Committee to consider the time and manner in which the 
Assessors shall set for Abatements Reported 

That the Assessors shall sit one Month after the essuing each 
Tax for the Abatements thereon " 

The foregoing Report having been read, and considered the 
Question was put Viz'. Whether the Report shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affermative 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are impowered and 
directed to sit for such Abatements of Taxes, as they shall Judge 
reasonable, on every Day of the Month following the delivery of 
the Tax Books to the Collectors, Lords Days excepted, and no 
longer, saving that they be allowed to sit the two last Weeks in 
November for the Abatement of the Taxes of such Persons as had 
not an oppertunity of applying in the above Limitted time by 
reason of their being out of the State ; at which time they are also 
allowed and impowered to Abate the Taxes of such Persons as 
may have died Insolvent before the last Day of November 

[38O.] The Town brought in their Votes for Seven Assess- 
ors, and upon sorting them it appeared that 
Deacon Jonathan Brown 
Gyles Harris Esq r . 
M r . Samuel Dyer 
Cap'. John Pulling 
M r . William Lowder 
M r . John R. Sigorney 
M r . Moses May 
were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing 

On a Motion, Voted to reconsider the Vote for the choice of Con- 
stables at 12. O. Clock Afternoon be the time Assigned for that 
purpose 

Moved, that a Committee be appointed to examine the Collect- 
ors Books and make Report as soon as may be with respect to the 
Sums they have Collected and paid into the several Treasuries 
and the Question being accordingly p'^t Passed in the Afferma- 
tive also^ 

Voted, that M r . Jonathan Mason 
M r . John Sweetser 
Samuel Barret Esq r . 



118 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

i 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid and said Committee are 
also directed to make particular inquiry respecting the Moneys re- 
ceived, and paid into the several Treasuries by M r . Benjamin Cud- 
worth a late Collector 

Adjourned to 3. O. Clock P: M: 

[381.] 3. O Clock P: M: Met according to Adjournment 
M r . Isaac Pierce one of the Committee appointed to consider 
what Land shall be improved by the Town the present Year for 
the raising of Vegitables Reported verbal!}' 

That the Committee are of opinion it will be for the Interest of 
the Town again to improve the Land at West Boston for raising 
Vegitables and as much more as can be obtained 

The Town having considered of the foregoing Report, it was 
Voted, that a Committee be now appointed to improve the Lands 
at West Boston for the raising of Vegitables, which were improved 
for that purpose the last Year, and so much more Land as can be 
obtained on the same conditions with the last, as the Committee 
may Judge to be for the interest ami benefit of the Town and 
that the Committee consist of Seven Persons 
Voted, that M r . Samuel Brick 
M r . Isaack Pierce 
M r . Daniel Bell 
/ M r . Benjamin Edes 
M r . William Hoskius 
M r . William Frobisher 
Cap'. Nathanel Patten 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

On a Motion made Voted, that there be remitted out of the 
Fine laid upon such Persons as shall be chose into the Office of 
Constables the present Year and declines serving the Sum of 
Eighty Pounds 

[382.] The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Twelve 
Constables, and upon sorting them it appeared, that 

Mess". John Bryant excused 

Sampson [Read] not sworn 

Stephen Cook excused 

Edward Wentworth not sworn 

Daniel Parks 
Jonathan Houghton - - excused 

David Brewer d. 

Pool Spear 

Jonah Knap ... excused 
William Stagpole - - - - d. 
Benjamin Brown Ju r . - - - d. 
Francis Biggelow - - - d. 
were chosen 

Voted, that the Sum of one Shilling on the Pound, be and 
hereby is allowed to the Persons who shall be chose Collectors of 
Taxes the Year ensuing, for all such Sums as they shall Collect ; 
provided they pay the same into the several Treasuries within 
four Months, and nine Pence on the Pound on all such other 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 119 

Sums as they shall have so paid into the Treasury on or before 
the second Monday in March 1781 which Premium as above 
expressed appears to be Just and equitable and an ample allow- 
ance to the Collectors to encourage them to discharge their Duty 
with diligence and fidelity ; provided also that each of said 
Collectors give Bond with sufficient Sureties to the Satisfaction of 
the Selectmen for the faithfull discharge of their duty in said 
Office and Compyling with this Vote 

[383.] The Committee appointed to consider the request of the 
Town Treasurer and determin what allowances ought to be made 
for past services Report 

That they find the Treasurer, has not been paid for his Services 
in the year 1775 and 1778. and for the Last Six Months they 
are of Opinion that eighty Pounds was due to him at the end 
of the Year 1775 for his services the preceeding Year that 
the allowance from the Town supposing Money had been Good in 
1778 as formerly would probably have been 130 and if the 
same had been settled at the end of that Year the allowance for 
depreciation ought to have been settled at the same rate with the 
allowances made to other Officers of the Town but as by some 
accident it was not done, the Committee are at a loss, and submit 
to the consideration of the Town how much the Treasurer ought to 
receive instead of the Sum of two hundred and ten Pounds due 
to him for his said Services 1775. and 1778 they are of Opinion 
that he ought to receive for his services for Six Months ending 
the first day of this Month the Sum of nineteen hundred & fifty 
Pounds 

J LOWELL p Order 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered the 
Question was put Viz'. Whether this Report shall be accepted 
Passed in the Afferniative 

The Committee appointed "to consider what further provision 
is necessar}- for the Work House" Report it as their Opinion, 
that it is expedient to open the Work House under the direction 
of the Overseers of the Poor and that the said Overseers be re- 
quested [384.] To lay before the Town an Estimate of the Sum 
necessary for the purpose, that the Town may make a Grant ac- 
cordingly 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered, the 
Question was put Viz'. Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affermative 

On a Motion, Voted, that a Petition be preferred by y e . Town 
to the General Assembly of the State now setting, that some 
effectual Measures may be taken for the Protection of the Sea 
Coasts 

Voted, that Ellis Gray Esq r . 
John Lowell Esq r . 
Samuel Barret Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

On a Motion Voted, to reconsider the Vote passed relative to 
raising Vegitables so far, as that the Seven Gentelmen chose a 
Committee be excused from serving, and that two be now chosen 



120 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Voted, that Cap'. Job Prince 
M r . Isaac Pierce 

be a Committee instead of the seven chosen to carry the proceed- 
ing Vote into execution 

The Article in the Warrant. Viz', to consider what is necessary 
to be done to accomodate the Youth of the South part of the 
Town with a School House was read and Considered, whereupon 
Voted, that Col. Josiah Waters 

Deacon John Preston 
[385.] M r . Joseph Barrel 

M r . Ebenezer Dorr 
Deacon Samuel Dyer 

be a Committee to consider further on this Matter and Request as 
soon as may be 

The Committee to draught a Petition to the General Assembly 
relative to the Protection of the Sea Coast Reported a draught, 
and after some debate a Motion was made and carried, that the 
Report be recomitted 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Fryday next 3. 
O. Clock P: M 



Tuesday March 24 : P: M: Met according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to consider what steps it is necessary 
for the Town to take relative to the Manure in the Streets Re- 
ported that it would be for the Advantage of the Town, to ap- 
point a Committee to imploy Persons to rake up and collect all the 
Manure and that said Committee be directed to dispose of it to 
the best advantage keeping an account of all the Charges arising, 
and to account with the Selectmen for the same on or before the 
last of March 1781, giving the preferrence to the Inhabitants of 
this Town in the disposal thereof 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered, the 
Question was put Viz 4 . Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Negative 

The Committee appointed to consider what is necessary to be 
done for accomodation of the Youth of the South part of the 
Town with a School house Reported, and the same having been 
read, after some debate it was 

[386.] Voted, that said Report be Recommitted 

The Overseers of the Poor who were directed to Report what 
Sum would be necessary for the Work House, Reported as their 
Opinion that a Sum not less than Twenty Thousand Pounds would 
be Necessary to carry the design into effect 

The foregoing Report having been considered, it was Voted, 
that the same be accepted, and that the Sum of Twenty Thousand 
Pounds mentioned in said Report be raised by a Tax upon Polls 
and Estates within this Town, for the purpose aforesaid 

M r . Bigelow, M r . Cook, M r . Stagpoole Col. Brewer, M r . 
Knap, M r . Houghton, M r . Bryant M r . Brown, all of whom had 
'been chose Constables for the Year ensuing, having desired 
the Town to excuse them from serving in that Office for rea- 



BOSTON TOAVN RECORDS, 1780. 



121 



sons by them respectively offered they were, each of them 
excused by the Town 

The Committee appointed to examine into the State of the ac- 
counts of the several! Collectors of Taxes, have attended that 
service and Report as follows 

That on examining M r . Sumners Accounts find that he has 
paid into the several Treasuries the -five first Taxes committed to 
him to Collect amounting to - - 45338 -1-7 
for which he has their Receipts 
Out of which there should be to his C r . 

for Abatements 1827 14 10 

for Commissions - - -- '2 4 44 14 6 



4272 9 4 
bro*. over 
[387.] Since which he has paid on 6 Tax f 

which was 40053 14 ( 

On which the Commissions, to be allowed 
him is the balance thereof due to all the j" 
Treasuries and on the 6 th . Tax only will .be - ( 



4272 9 

24558 13 

1227 18 

9994 12 

40053 14 



That there Appears to be outstanding 
- - - by his Books on the first five Tax's 
On the 6 ' Tax 



1015 
12421 



2 
4 8 



13436 6 8 of 

which it appears to the Satisfaction of the Committee that there 
are several very considerable Sums which it was not in his power 
to collect on Account of peculiar circumstances attending them 
On examination of M r . Thompsons Account it appears that the 
Severel Taxes committed to him to Collect being the 5 th . & 6 th . 
only amounted to 65852 13 5 



Of which he has paid into the Sev- 
eral Treasuries the Sum of - - 
The Commissions on which are - 
there remains a ballance due 
from him ------ 



50852 13 4 
2540 12 1 

12459 7 8 



65852 13 4 

To pay which Balance there are in Debts outstand- 
ing the Sum of 9319 6 6 

In which M r . Thompson has rec d . within a few [ 

Days \ 3573 6 - 

And a Receipt of the Assessors for 355 10 - 

Among the Debts there are four only amount 6 , in the whole to the 
sum of 4704 which' he has not been able to Collect 

On examination of M r . Shaws Acco 1 . that he stands indebted to 
the State only the Sum of 5223 7 2 

[388.] Has in outstanding debts 11481 9 



122 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

On examining M r . Torreys Acco 1 . it appears that 

there is due to the State Treasurer - - - - 10131 6 11 
To the Town Treasurer -- - 3055 



13186 6 11 
That there is due to him say for 

Commissions 3761 

Abatements 474 2 6 



4235 2 6 
Ballance due from him - - - 8951 4 o 



15186 6 11 
To pay which Ballauce there are in outstanding 

Debts the sum of 14371 18 1 

of which there are several Sums that M r . Torrey cannot Collect 
on Account of particular Circumstances 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Four Collectors of 
Taxes and upon sorting them it appeared that 
Francis Shaw Esq r . 
M r . Benjamin Sumner Ju r . 
M r . John Torrey 
M r . James Thompson 
were chose Collectors for the year 

The Committee to draught a, Petition to the General Court, Re- 
ported verbally, that they had received such information as in 
their opinion makes a Petition to be now needless 
Which Report being put 
Passed in the Affermative 

[389.] Adjourned to Tuesday the 4 th . Day of April next 3. 
O: Clock P: M: 

Tuesday April 4 th . 1 780 3. O: Clock P: M: met according 
to Adjournment 

Deacon Tudor in the Chair. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To consider whether any 
thing can be clone for the Relief of the Inhabitants greatly dis- 
tressed by the Exorbitant Prices of the Necessaries of Life " 
was read, and after some consideration had thereon, it was moved 
that the further consideration of this Article be referred over to 
the next Town Meeting and the Question being accordingly 
put Passed in the Affermative 

M r . William Brick having in writing requested that he might be 
excused from serving as a Warden into which Office he had been 
chosen he was accordingly excused by the Town 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for a Warden in the 
room of M r . Brick, and the same being Sorted it appeared that 

M r . Bossinger Foster 
was chosen a Warden for the ensuing Year 

The Committee appointed to examine the Accounts of M r . Ben- 
jamin Cudworth a late Collector of Taxes have attended that 
Service and beg leave to Report 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 123 

That it appears that the sum committed to him to Collect 
Amounts by the Assessors Books to 23132.7.7 

[39O'.] That he has paid into the several Treasuries as by 
his Receipts for the same 17766.13.4 
That the Abatements Amount 

to 1060 6 2 

His Commissions to - - 1000 

2060 16 2 

That the ballance clue from him ) Q QA- ~ -, 

11 ^ a r ooOo t 1 

will therefore Amount to \ 



23.132.7.7 

To pay which ballance of three thousand three hundred and five 
Pounds seven Shillings and one penny, he has in out standing 
Debts, about One thousand one hundred Pounds, a very incon- 
siderable part of which only there is in the Opinion of the Com- 
mittee any the least probability of his ever Collecting 

Voted that the consideration of School Masters Salaries and 
Grants be referred over to May Meeting 

On a Motion made Voted, that a Committee be now chosen 
to take into consideration and Report as soon as may be what 
they shall Judge to be adequate Grants to the Schoolmasters 
Voted, that Ellis Gray Esq r . 

Samuel Barret Esq r . 
Ebenezer Storer Esq r . 
Nathan 1 . Appleton Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

It not appearing to this Town that by a Certificate [391.] 
From a Justice that any of the Constables chose at this Meeting 
had been sworn into that Office within the time prescribed by Law, 
though Notifications had been issued for that purpose by the 
Town Clerk The Inhabitants were therefore directed to with- 
draw and bring in their Votes for twelve Constables, and the same 
having been brought in and sorted it appeared, that the following 
Persons were chose Constables for the Year ensuing Viz'. 
Mess rs . Benjamin Edes 
Adam Colson 
John Fullerton 
Thomas Green 
Robert Wyer 
John Kennedy 
Pool Spear 
John Jepson 
Henry Davidson 
Daniel Parks 
Benjamin Homans 
Benjamin White excused 

The Committee appointed to consider what is necessary to be 
done for the accommodation of the youth of the South part of the 
Town with a School House Reported verbally That upon 
enquirey they had found that the Widow Holbrook had a Room 
which would accomodate about Seventy or Eighty Scholars, and 



124 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

i 

that they were of Opinion that if this Room could be obtained it 
would be best to hire it for a School 

Voted, that this Report be accepted, and that the Selectmen be 
directed to agree with M rs . Hoi brook for said Room as they shall 
Judge for the Interest of the Town 

[392.] The Article in the Warrant Viz'. "To consider what 
is further necessary to be done relative to supplying the Families 
of such Non Commissioned Officers-, and Soldiers as have engaged 
in the Continental Service, conformable to a late Act of the Gen- 
eral Court was read and considered, whereupon it was moved 
and Voted, that a Committee be appointed to take this matter 
into consideration and Report at the Adjournment of this Meeting 
Also 

Voted, that M r . John Sweetser 

M r . Jonathan Mason 
Jonathan Williams Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Adjourned to Tuesday next being the eleventh Day of April 
Inst' : 3. O. Clock Afternoon 

Tuesday the Eleventh Day of April 3. O. Clock in the After- 
noon, Met according to Adjournment 

Deacon Tudor in the Chair 

The Committee relative to supplying the Families of such Non 
Commissioned Officers and Soldiers, as have engaged in the Con- 
tinental Service, and now reside in this Town, not being able to 
Report, one of the Committee informed that the Hon ble . Thomas 
Gushing Esq r . can put the Town into the method of drawing fur- 
ther Provisions 

The consideration of the Article in the Warrant relative to 
the above mentioned Families, was again brought on and after 
some debate, it was moved and 

[393.] Voted, that the Sum of Twenty Thousand Pounds be 
raised by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within this Town to be 
carried into the Treasury, and appropriated for the supply of the 
Families of the Non Commissioned Officers and Soldiers of the 
Continental Army, who reside in this Town, the same to be paid 
out by the Town Treasurer, unto Cap*. John Simkins the Com- 
missary as there may be occasion, he to be accountable for the 
same 

M r . Sampson Read chosen one of the Constables for the present 
year, not having given in a Certificate of his being sworn before at 
the last Adjournment,' another was then chosen in his Room ; not- 
withstanding which the said Read appeared this afternoon in 
Meeting and produced a Certificate from M r . Justice 'Avery that 
he had administred to him the Oath of a Constable, but he was 
acquainted by the Moderator, that it was the sense of the Town, 
that he could not be considered as a legal Constable 

Voted that all Matters and things, which remain, unfinished at 
this Meeting be referred over to the General Town Meeting in May 
Next then to be considered, and acted upon 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 



BOSTOX TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 125 

John Tudor Esq r . Moderator Pro. Tern , for his good Servicies iu 
dispatching the Buissiness of the Meeting 
Then the Meeting was dissolved 



[394.] At a legal Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston being twenty one years of age and upwards, at 
Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 3 Day of May Anno Domini 1780 
- 10. O. Clock Forenoon 

The Meeting was opened with Prayer by the Rev d . D r . Cooper 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants were directed by the Selectmen to withdraw and 
bring in their Votes for a Moderator of that Meeting, and the same 
having been brought in and sorted it appeared that 

The Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . was chosen 

The Address of the Convention for framing a new Constitution 
of Government for the State of Massachusetts Bay to their Con- 
stituents ; together with a Constitution or Fram of Goverment. 
agreed upon by the Delagates of the People of this State in Con- 
vention begun and held at Cambridge on the first of September 
1779 and submitted to the Revision of their Constituents were 
distinctly read to the Inhabitants by the Moderator excepting the 
Clause relative to Oaths &c. which was omitted, in consequence of 
a Motion for that purpose 

On a Motion. Voted, that the Resolves of the Convention passed 
the second of May 1780 as in Page 53 [395.] Shall be the first 
matter to be taken into consideration and acted upon at the 
Adjournment 

It was moved and Voted, that the Town Clerk signify to the 
Delagates who Represent this Town in the Convention ; that their 
attendance is requested during this Meeting 

Adjourned to 3. O'Clock in the Afternoou 

3. O'Clock afternoon met according to Adjournment 

The Article in the 6 th . Chapter relative to Oaths and Subscrip- 
tions was read 

The Resolve of the Convention passed the Second March 1780 
as Page 53 was again read, and after debate had thereon it was 
moved and Voted, that the further consideration of this Matter be 
postponed untill it is determined to what Place this Meeting shall 
be Adjourned 

On a Motion Voted, that a Committee be now appointed to pro- 
vide a place for the Town to Meet at, when the Meeting shall be 
Adjourned 

Voted, that M r . Jeremiah Belknap 

Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 
Thomas Daws Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

[396.] Moved and Voted, that the preceeding Vote for tak- 
ing up the Resolves of the Convention in the first place be recon- 
sidered, and that the Article relative to Oaths and Subscriptions 
be now considered 



126 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

The Town however proceeded to the consideration of the Fram 
of Goverment as Page 15 and after debate had thereon a 
Motion was made, and passed, that when this Meeting shall be 
Adjourned, it shall be to the old Brick Meeting house the Place 
provided for the Town by the Committee chosen in the Forenoon 

It was then moved, ,and Voted, that the 2 d . Chapter relative to 
the Executive Power Section the first be now taken up, a former 
Vote, notwithstanding 

The forementioned Article, having been some time under con- 
sideration it was moved and Voted, that this Meeting be Ad- 
journed, to to Morrow Afternoon. 3 O. Clock, then to Meet at the 
old Brick Meeting House 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Thursday the 4 th . day of May 1780. 3. O.Clock P: M: Met Ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

The Town having Voted to proceed to the consideration of the 
Fram of Goverment Paragraph by Paragraph 

[397.] The consideration of the first Chapter the Legislative 
Power, Section 1 st . The General Court Page 15 was taken up Arti- 
cle by Article and the whole of said Section accepted, Nem. Con d . 

The consideration of Section 2 d . Page 18 Senate was taken 
up Article by Article, and after considerable Debate was accepted 
Nem: Con d : excepting the 3 d Article, to which there was one Dis- 
sentient 

The consideration of Section 3 d . Page 24 House of Represent- 
atives was taken up Article by Article. & the whole Accepted 
Nem. Con 

The consideration of the 2 d . Chapter Viz'. Executive Power, Sec- 
tion 3 d . Page 27 Governor was taken up Article by Article, and 
the whole of said Section accepted by the Town Nem e . Con. 

The consideration of the 2 d . Section Page 35 Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor, was taken up Article by Article, and the whole of said 
Section passed Nem Con . 

The consideration of the 3 d . Section Page 36 Viz'. Council 
and the Manner of settling Elections by the Legislature was 
taken up, Article by Article and the whole of said Section 
passed Nem Con d . 

The consideration of the 4 th Section Page 38 Viz'. Secre- 
tary, Treasurer, Commissary &c was taken up Article by Article, 
and the whole of said Section passed Nem e . Con d . also 

[398.] Voted, that it be and hereby is Recommended to the 
Delagates who Represent this Town in the Convention, that a 
Clause be inserted under the foregoing Section for limiting the 
Time of Service of the Commissary General, in like manner as the 
Time of Service of the Treasurer & Receiver General has been 
Limited 

The consideration of the 3 d . Chapter Viz'. Judiciary Power 
as Page 39 was taken up Article by Article and the whole of 
the Chapter accepted N C 

The consideration of the 4 th . Chapter Viz'. Page 40 Viz'. 
Delagates to Congress, was taken up and accepted Nera e . Con d . 



BOSTOX TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 127 

The consideration of the 5 th Chapter Page 41 Viz'. The Uni- 
versity at Cambridge, and Encouragement of Literature &c Section 
the 1'. was taken up Article by Article, and the whole of said 
Section Accepted Nem Con 

The consideration of the 2 d Section in Chapter 5 Page 43 Viz'. 
The encouragement of Literature was taken up, and accepted 
Nem e . Cont d . 

The consideration of the 6 th . Chapter Page 44 Viz'. Oaths 
and Subscriptions, Incompatability of and exclusion from Offices ; 
Pecuniary Qualifications; of Laws. Commissions, Writes ; Con- 
firmations of Laws ; Habeas Corpus ; The Enacting Continuance 
of Officers 1 Provision for a Future Revisal of the Constitution 
&c was taken up Article by Article and all accepted N. C sav- 
ing the 7 th . Article Page 49 relative to the [399.] Write of 
Habeas Corpus, and upon a Motion 

Voted that John Lowell Esq r . 
Ellis Gray Esq r . 
Nath 1 . Appleton Esq r . 

be a Committee to consider the same and Report at the Adjourn- 
ment 

On a Motion Voted, that the consideration of the Preamble to 
the Declaration of Rights, be postponed and that the 3 d . Article 
in said Declarating Preamble thereto excepted shall be the last 
Article to be acted upon at this Meeting also 

Voted, that the Declaration of Rights be now considered 

The Several Articles in the Declaration of Rights excepting as 
aforesaid was Accordingly taken up and being duly considered, 
were excepted, Article by Article Nem Con Saving the 16 Article, 
and on a Motion Made 

Voted, that John Lowell Esq r . 
Ellis Gray Esq r . 
Nath 1 . Appleton Esq r . 

be a Committee to consider the propriety of Adding a Clause to 
said Article for Securing freedom of Speach 

Moved and Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned it shall 
be to Monday Morning 9 O. Clock 

[4OO.] On a Motion made Voted that it be recommended to 
the Inhabitants of this Town to attend the Town Meeting at the 
Adjournment next Monday Morning 9. O. Clock, and as matters 
of the greatest consequence, respecting the Establishment of a 
Constitution of Civil Goverment for this State, Will then be 
Acted upon, it is most earnestly recommended that all Buissiness 
be suspended by the shutting up of Stores, Shops &c that there 
may be a full Attendance, and it is further 

Voted, that the Ministers of the Gospel be requested to remind 
their respective Congregations the next Lords day, of this Adjourn- 
ment, and of the importance of universally withdrawing them 
selves for a few hours from their ordinary Engagements, and 
devoting their Attention to a Matter so deeply interesting to 
themselves and their Posterity 

Voted, that a Copy of this Vote be sent to the Ministers of 
every Denomination 

Then the Meeting was Adjourned to next Monday 9. O. Clock 



128 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Monday the 8 th . Day of May. 9. 6. Clock Forenoon Met 
according to Adjournment 

The left Quarter of the upper Galary was Assigned by the 
Moderator for Strangers, and Persons under twenty One years 
of Age 

On a Motion made Voted, that twelve Persons be appointed 
Monitors and Cap 1 . Newell 

[4O1.] Col. Procter 

Cap'. Parkman 

James Brewer 

John Lowel 

John Lucas 

John R. Sigorney 

Cap'. John Simpkins 

Adam Colson 

D r . Nath 1 . Noyes 

M r . Conent 

Cap'. Stanton 
were accordingly chosen 

The Committee appointed to Consider and Report relative to the 
Seventh and Sixteenth Articles, of the Bill of Rights Report 
That instead of the 16 th . Article of the Bill of Rights, The same 
should Stand as follows Viz'. The Liberty of Speach and of the 
Press with respect to publick men and their Publick Conduct and 
Publick Measures, is essential to the Security of Freedom in a 
State and shall not therefore be restrained in their Common 
Wealth " 

That instead of the 7 th . Article of the 6 th . Chapter it should 
Stand as follows Viz'. "The Priviledge & Benefit oi the 
"Write of Habeas Corpus shall be enjoyed in this Common 
"Wealth, in the most free, easey, cheap, expeditious and ample 
manner and shah 1 , not be suspended except in time of War, 
Invasion or a Time of Rebellion declared by the Legislature to 
exist, nor for a longer Time than Six Months 

[4O2.] The foregoing Report having been read and considered 

the Question was put. Viz 1 . Whether the Same, shall be ac- 
cepted Passed in the Affermative Nem e . Con d . It was Also 

Voted, Nem e . Con d . That the Delegates who Represent this 
Town in the Convention be and hereby are Instructed to move to 
the Convention at their Next Meeting that these alterations may 
be come into 

The Article the 7. relative to the Execluesive Power as Page 31. 
being under consideration it was moved & Voted, 

That the Delegates who Represent this Town in Convention be 
and hereby are Instructed to Move to the Convention that the 
following Clauses may be Added to the said 7 th . Article Viz'. 
Or for the Defence of a Neighbouring State invaded or 
threatend with immediate Invasion, and their Power to be granted 
only in the Recess of the G-eneral Court 

The Several Articles in the Constitution or Fram of Groverment 

agreed on by the Convention and by them proposed to the people 
for their Approbation, rejection or Amendment (except the 3 d . 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 

Article in the Bill of Rights and the 2 d . Article of the l e . Chapter 
relative to the Mode of Electing Senators) having been consid- 
ered, paragraph by Paragraph and accepted, as the several Arti- 
cles stand amended, Article by Article The whole was put, wlien 
it was unanimously Voted, to accept the Same ; the Meeting then 
consisting of Eight Hundred & Eighty Seven Voters 

[4O3.] The 2 d . Article of the I 1 . Chapter relative to the Mode 
of Electing Senators was then put when it appeared that 
Eight hundred Eighty Six were for accepting the said Article and 
but one who was for rejecting it 

A Motion was made to reconsider the preceeding Vote but the 
Motion did not obtain 

It was moved and Voted that the consideration of the 3 d . Article 
in the Declaration of Rights, be referred to 3. OClock Afternoon 

Adjourned to 3. O. Clock in the Afternoon 

3 O. Clock P: M: Met according to Adjournment 
The 3 d . Article of the Bill of Rights was again taken into con- 
sideration, and the debates continuing till it was dark it was 
moved, that the Meeting be Adjourned to to Morrow Morning 9. 
OClock in the Forenoon and that the consideration of said Article 
be then taken up. Paragraph by Paragraph 
And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Tuesday May 9 th . 9. O. Clock Forenoon Met according to 
Adjournment 

Moved that the Consideration of the 3 d . Article in the Declara- 
tion of Rights, be taken up at large and that the Vote of the last 
Evening for considering the Same Paragraph by Paragraph be 
now reconsidered and the Question being accordingly put 
Passed in the Affermative 

[4O4.] The foregoing Article having been debated at large 
it was Moved and Voted, that the same be now taken up Para- 
graph by Paragraph 

The Article being again considered in distinct Paragraphs, after 
by debates it was moved, and Voted, that the further considera- 
tion of this whole Article be referred to a Committee to Report 
such alterations as they may Judge most convenient to the Sense 
of the Town as discovered in the present debate 
Voted, that John Lowell Ksq r . 
Rev d . M r . Sillman 
Rev d . Docf. Cooper 
Ellis Gray Esq r . 
Perez Morton Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Adjourned to Wednesday next 9. O. Clock Forenoon 

Wednesday May 10 th . 9. O. Clock Forenoon Met according to 
Adjournment 

The Committee to whom was referred the consideration of the 
third Article in the Declaration of Rights Reported the same 



130 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

with such alterations as they Judged most consonant to the Sense 
of the Town and is as follows Viz'. 

As the Happiness of a People and the Good Order ; and 
[4O5.] Preservation of civil Goverment essentially depends upon 
Piety, religion and morality ; and as these cannot be generally 
deffusecl through a Community, but by the Publick Worship of 
God, and Publick Instructions in Piety religion and morality, 
Therefore to promote their happiness and to secure the good order 
and preservation of their Goverment the People of this Common- 
wealth have a right to invest their Legislative with Power ; to 
Authorize and require all the Inhabitants of this Commonwealth 
to make provision at their own expeuce for the Publick Worship 
of God und for the support and maintainance of Publick Protest- 
ant teachers of Piety, Religion and Morality who have not made 
such provision voluntary, or who have not made voluntary pro- 
vision for some other Publick religious Teacher or for the support 
of some other Publick Worship within their commonwealth And 
the several Towns Parishes Precincts and other Bodies politick or 
religious societies shall at all times have the exclusive right of 
electing their Publick teachers and of contracting with them for 
their support and maintaiuance ; provided nevertheless that the 
minority of such Towns, Parishes Precincts and other Bodies 
Politick or religious Societies shall not be bound by the voice of 
the Majority in their electing their Publick Teachers or con- 
tracting with them for their support, but such Minority may if 
they see fit elect some other publick religious Teacher and Support 
him And all Monies Assessed upon the Subject for the support 
[4O6.] Of Publick Worship and of Publick religious Teachers 
shall if he requires it be uniformely Applied to the support of the 
Publick Worship which he may chuse to support: provided how- 
ever that such Teachers shall bona " fide receive the same to his 
own Use Otherwise such sum shall be appropriated to the use of 
the Poor of any Parish or religious society that such Subject shall 
chuse if he makes his Election within twelve Months, and if not 
it shall be applied to the support of the Poor of the Parish or Pre- 
cinct in which said Moneys were raised. And all Religious Sects 
and Denominations Whatsoever, demeaning themselves Peaceably 
and as good Subjects of the Commonwealth shall be equally under 
the Protection of Law And no Subordination of any one 
Sect or denomination to another shall ever be established by 
Law 

The foregoing Report having been read, it was moved, and 
Voted that a Question previous to the Report, being Acted upon. 
Viz'. Whether there shall be anything further Added to the 2 d . 
Article in the Declaration of Rights, which relates to Religion 
And the Question being accordingly put Passed in the Afferma- 
tive, by a great Majority 

The said Report being again taken up Paragraph by Paragraph 
and amended the same was Accepted by the Town 

It was moved and Voted that when this Meeting shall be 
Adjourned it be to 4. O.Clock P: M: 

[4O7.] Moved that a Committee be appointed to bring in an 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 131 

Article ill addition to the Article in the 43 Page but the Motion 
was withdrawn 

Adjourned to 4: O. Clock F: M: 

4: O: Clock : P: M: Met according to Adjournment 

It was moved and carried that the foregoing Clauses be added 
to the Report of the Committee on the 3 d Article in the Declara- 
tion of Rights Viz'. " The foregoing however is not to be so 
construed as to Nullify or iufring any express voluntary Contract 
that hath been entered into between any Person or Persons, or 
any Town Parish, Precinct or Body of Men on the one Part and 
any Teacher or Minister of Religion on the other 

The aforegoing Report of the Committee of the Committee on 
the 3 d . Article, which had been accepted paragraph by paragraph 
was put in the whole as amended when it appeared that Four 
hundred and twenty were for accepting the Report and one 
hundred and Forty against Receiving it 

A Motion was then made that if the amendments proposed by 
the Town cannot be obtained by their 'Delagates, that they then 
shall be and hereby are Instructed to Vote for the 3 d . Article in 
the Declaration of Rights, as it stands in the Form laid before 
the People rather than the Article, should be lost at the next 
Meeting of the [4O8.] Convention And the Question being 
put it appeared that two hundred and seventy seven were in 
faviour of the Motion, and one hundred and forty against it 

On a Motion, Voted, to appoint a Committee to draw up the 
reasons for the proposed Alterations in some Articles of the 
Frame of a Constitution presented by the Convention ; and to 
draught Instructions to our Delagates in the said Convention 
Voted, that Perez Morton Esq r . 
M r . Samuel Eliot 
William Tudor Esq r . 
M r . John Sweetser 
M r . Thomas Walley 
be a Committee for the Purpose aforesaid 

Adjourned to Fryday next. 3 O Clock P: M: 

Fryday May 12. 3 O. Clock P: M met according to Adjournment 

M r . Morton had leave to withdraw his dissent to the passing the 
Article which relates to the mode of electing Senators 

The Preamble to the Constitution or Form of Goverment for 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, again read whereupon 
the Question was put Viz*. Whether the Town do approve and 
accept of the Same passed in the Affermative 

[4O9.J The Committee appointed to draw up reasons for 
the proposed alterations in some Articles of the Constitution or 
Form of Goverment laid before the Town, and also to draught 
Instruction to our Delagates in the Convention Report as fol- 
lows Viz 1 . 
Gentlemen 

The Town of Boston have Convened in a legal Meeting to 
consider the Constitution or Forms of Goverment agreed on by the 



132 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Convention, & by them proposed to the People for .their Approba- 
tion, rejection, or amendment, having had the same repeatedly 
read proposed to a discussion of the Several Articles theircin 
contained and having recommended amendments in the 16 th . 
Article of the Declaration of Rights, in the 7 th . Article of the 2 d . 
Chapter in the 4 th . Section of the 2 d . Chapter & in the 7 th . Article 
of the 6 th . Chapter unanimously voted to accept said Constitution 
or Form of Groverment with the Amendments, the third Article 
in the Declaration of Rights excepted, provided by the most 
Strenious endeavours of their Delegates the said Amendments can 
be procured, otherwise to accept the said Articles as they were 
agreed to by the Convention, But the 3 d . Article in the Declaration 
of Rights was refered to futer consideration ; the meeting then 
consisting of eight hundred and eighty seven Voters The Town 
then proceeded to consider the 3 d . Article ; which having been 
largely debated, was amended and Voted, 420 for & 51 against 
it. It was then moved and seconded, that if you could not 
obtain this Article as amended, you should be impowered to 
Vote for [41O.] The 3 d . Article as it originally stood rather 
than the Amendment should be the Means of postponing the 
establishment of the Constitution at the next Meeting of the Con- 
vention ; as some Form was necessary to give Stability and force 
to Goverment. The Question being put the numbers were 277 for 
and 140 against it. Your utmost exertions are nevertheless ear- 
nestly enjoined to obtain the Amendments A principle of respect 
to a Body of Men of such distinguished rank and Ability as the 
Convention would not assuredly have led the Town to Assign the 
reasons for any alterations they might make in a system they had 
formed and recommended. But as the Convention have requested 
the doing it, it is now to be performed on a higher Principle. In 
general it may be Observed that the Amendments proposed were 
made upon the idea that they would more effectually subserve the 
excuse of Civil and Religious Liberty, that great object of our 
endeavours, and the point to which all our efforts ought to tend, 
The Amendment of 16 th . April of the Declerations of Rights, was 
made upon the strongest persuation, that Liberty of Speech, as it 
respected publick Men in their publick Conduct, was an essential and 
darling right of every member of a free State upon which in a very 
emenent Degree the preservation of their other reights depends ; 
that nothing spoken with design to give information of the State 
of the Publick should be ever subject to the smalest restraint ; 
and that any Attempt to oppose such restraint ought to excite an 
alarm in the People as it inf ered a consciousness of dement on the 
part of those Attempting [411.] That such restraint was 
more degrading and more Strongly marked the Slaves than ever 
the privation of the Liberty of the Press ; and that the latter, so 
absolutely necessary, and therefore so justly dear to every free 
State could not be maintained in its full force and vigour without 
the foi'mer. But while we hold up the Liberty of the Press, as 
essentially necessary to general Freedom, as it respects publick 
Men and Measures we reject with Abhorrence the idea of its abuse 
to the injury of private Characters. The next amendment gives 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. ' 133 

Power to the Governor, in the recess of the General Court, to 
march or transport, the Inhabitants of this State for the relief of 
a Neighbouring State invaded or threatened with immediate in- 
vation. This was judged incumbent on the general Principles 
of humanity, and absolutely necessary upon the Principles of 
Policy, A threatn'd invastion may be wholly prevented by the 
early appearance -of a respectable Military force and Invation 
actually begun may be easally repeled, in many Instances by an 
immediate Opposition. In the former case, the Lives & Property 
of our Friends & Neighbours may be entirely saved & Secured ; 
and in the Latter case fewer lives may be lost In all Probability, 
and less Property Destroyed, Besides delay may give oppertunity 
to an Enemy (so disposed) to take Post, and establish himself in 
such a manner as would require a very great force to remove him 
while an early force might be adequate to his immediate ex- 
pulsion. Further the withholding immediate aid, may open 
a passage into our own State, and to bring the War to our own 
doors. It was also suggested, that the Article, of Confedera- 
tion bound us to grant immediate relief, which can only be 
Obtained by [4:12.] Vesting the Governor with such power, 
and was therefore Voted, The next amendements respects 
the time of service of the Commissary General which is pro- 
posed to be limited to the Term of Five years. This was done 
because it was apprehended that a change or relation of Officers 
was necessary, in general to the preservation of Freedom. 
Persons longe in Office are apt to lose that sence of Dependance 
upon the People, which is essential to keep them within the Line 
of duty to the Publick. And especially may the good of the 
Community be promoted by the retirements of such Persons from 
Office at certain fixed periods, who have been largely intrusted 
with Publick Money or Stores The next Article respects that 
important Write of Habeas Corpus. Many Reasons might be 
given for the Alterations made. It was judged best to confir the 
Suspension of this security of personal Liberty or freedom from 
Imprisonments to times of War, invation and rebellion, the terms 
urgent and pressing occations, being too indefinite and giving 
scope to the most powerfull Engine of Despotism, and Slavery. 
It was not conceived that any cause could possibly exist in time 
of peace, that could justify imprisonments without allegation or 
charge ; and the granting a Power in a season of tranquility liable 
to such gross abuse, and which might be attend with consequences 
destructive of the dearest priviledges and best interest of the Sub- 
ject was deemed incompatable with every Principle of Liberty. 
Nay it was apprehended that it might Opperate as an incentive to 
Despotism ; and to hold up a temtation [413.] to Tyranny while 
human Nature is constituted as we find it was judged to be wholly 
inexpedient. Confineing the suspencion won in time of War, in- 
vation and rebellion, to Six Months, was supposed a proper 
Limetation, as every purpose of an honest Government might be 
fully answered, in that period. A larger pereod might lead to 
a State of forgetfullness of the unhappy Subject of Suspission, 
and he might Drag on a Wretched being in the Dark abode of a 



134 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Dungion, or within the gloomy walls of a Prison, without a Single 
Ray of hope to enlighten his cell or a single Friend to chear his 
Desponding spirit. Thus may his dreadfull Confinement when 
the Reason that operated to his Commitment have been long done 
away. Can a Power pregrant with such mighty Evils be too 
Strongly guarded ; Or can we be too solicetious to confine it within 
the narrow limits that will comport with the Publick safety ? 
The only Article now to be attended to is the third in the Decele- 
ration of Rights, which Asserts that Piety, Religion and morality 
are essential to the happiness, Peace and Good order of a People 
and that these Principles are diffused by the Publick Worship of 
God, and by Publick Instructions &c and in Consequence makes 
provision for their support. The alterations proposed here which 
3'ou will Lay before the Convention were designed to Secure the 
Reights of Consience and to give the fullest Scope to religious 
Liberty In support of the proposition it urged that if Publick 
Worship and Publick teaching, did certainly (as was allowed) 
defuse a general Sence of Duty & moral Obligations, and, so 
secured the safety of our [414.] Persons and Properties, we 
ought chearfully to pay those from whose agency we derived such 
Advantages. But we are Attempting to support (it is said) the 
Kingdom of Christ ; It may as well be said we are supporting the 
Kingdom of God, by institution of a Civil Goverment, which De- 
clared to be an Ordinance to the Deity, and so refuse to pay the 
civil magistrate. What will be the consequence of such refusal 
The greatest disorders, if not a Dissolution of Society. Suspend 
all provision for the inculation of Morality, religion and Piety, and 
confusion & every evil work may be justly dreaded; for it is 
found that with all the Restraints of religion induced by the 
Preaching of Ministers, and with all the Restraints of Goverment 
inforced by civil Law, the World is far from being as quiet an 
abode as might be wished. Remove the former by ceasing to 
support Morality, religion and Piety and it will be soon felt that 
human Laws were f eble barriers opposed to the uninformed lusts of 
Passions of Mankind. But though we are not supporting the 
kingdom of Christ may we not be permitted to Assist civil society 
by an addoption, and by the teaching of the best set of Morals 
that were ever offered to the World. To Object to these Morrals, 
or even to the Piety and Religion we aim to inculcate, because 
they are drawn from the Gospel, must appear very singular to an 
Assembly generally professing themselves Christians. Were 
tliis really our intention, no Objection ought to be made to it 
provided, as in fact the case that equal Liberty is granted to, 
every religious Sect and Denomination [415.] Whatever, and 
it is only required that every Man should pay to the support of 
Publick Worship In his own way. But should any be so Consci- 
entious that they cannot pay to the support of any of the various 
denominations among us they may then alott their Money to the 
support of the Poor It remains only to fix the time when this 
Form of Goverment shall take place ; But having had large expe- 
rience of your Ability and Zeal in the course of the very lengthy 
Session of Convention, the last Winter we very Chearfully leave 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 135 

the Determination of this point to that prudence, Judgement and 
Integrity, which have so strongly marked your conduct in this 
Department and to the united Wisdom of the whole Body. 

The foregoing Report of the Committee having been read and 
considered the Question was put Viz 1 . "Whether the same 
shall be accepted, by the Town " Passed in the Affermative, 
almost unanimously 

The Resolves of the Convention, passed the 2 d . March having 
been read and considered whereupon 

Voted, almost unanimously that the Selectmen of this Town be 
directed to transmit to the Secretary of the Convention the doings 
of this Town relative to the Form of Goverment agreeable to the 
Resolves of Convention ; in order, to the Secretary of Convention 
laying the same before a Committee to be appointed for the pur- 
pose of examining and [4:16.] Arranging them for the Rivision 
and consideration of the Convention at the Adjournment ; with 
the Number of Voters on each side of every Question, in order 
that the said Convention at the Adjournment may Collect the gen- 
eral sense of their Constituents on the several parts of the pro- 
posed Constitution ; and if it do not appear to be two thirds* of 
their Constituents in faviour thereof, that the Convention may 
alter it in such a manner as that it may be Agreeable to the sen- 
timents of two thirds of the Voters throughout the State, also 

Voted, almost unanimousley the Delegates of this Town be and 
hereby are impowered at the next Session of the Convention ; to 
agree upon a time when this Form of Goverment shall take Place 
without returning the same again to the People : Provided that 
two thirds of the Male Inhabitants of the Age of twenty one 
years and upwards, Voting in the Several Towns and Plantations 
Meeting, shall agree to the Same, or the Convention shall conform 
it to the Sentements of two thirds of the People as aforesaid 

A Motion made, that this Meeting be now dessolved 

And the Meeting was accordingly dissolved. 



[417.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned, in Pub- 
lick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneiuel Hall on Tuesday the 
16 th . Day of May Anno Domini 1780. 10. 0. Clock Forenoon 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Eliot 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting - - 
read 

Sundry Laws read 

The Town having determined to choose seven Persons to Repre- 
sent them in the Great and General Court or Assembly to be held 
at the Town House in Boston upon Wednesday the 3l e . Day of 
May Current The Inhabitants were accordingly directed to 
withdraw and bring in their Votes for Seven Representatives, and 
then it was declared by the Selectmen, that no Votes would be 
received, but such as are unfolded, and that they Propose the 
Poll shall be closed at 12 O. Clock 

The Votes being brought in for Seven Representatives, the 



136 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Number of the same were found to be three hundred and Sixty 
Six, and upon sorting them it appeared that the following Persons 
were chose Viz'. 

The Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . 388 Excus'd 
The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . - 355 
[418.] Caleb Davis Esq r . - - 365 

Thomas Daws Esq r . 357 

Ellis Gray Esq r . 192 Excus'd 

John Lowell Esq r . 361 

Thomas Walley 202 

The choice of Representatives, being over and declared by the 
Selectmen the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in 
their Votes for a Moderator of. this Meeting in order that the 
Town may proceed in transacting the Other Affairs mentioned in 
the Warrant ; accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew and brought 
in their Votes, and upon sorting them it Appeared that 
The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . was chosen 
Adjourned to 3. O. Clock in the Afternoon 

3. O'Clock Afternoon met according to Adjournment 

M r . Clement Collins Jun r . was chose a Measurer of Boards for 
the Year ensuing 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for one Constable in the 
room of M r . Benjamin White who declines serving, and upon sort- 
ing them it appeared that M r . Jonathan Loring was Chosen 

Ellis Gray having sent in his excuse in writing for not serving 
the Town as one of their Representatives in the General Assembly, 
it was moved and Voted, that the Choice of a Representative in 
his room be postponed till the Adjournment 

[419.] The Clause in the Warrant Viz 1 . To consider 
whether Instructions shall be given to the Representatives, that 
may be chosen was read and after some debate thereon it was 
moved, and Voted, that the further consideration of this matter 
be referred to the Adjournment of this Meeting 

The Clause in the Warrant. Viz*. "To determin what is 
proper to be done with respect to the North Battery" was 
read whereupon, it was moved and carried that a Committee be 
now chosen to consider this Article, and Report as soon as may be 
what they Judge best for the Town to do thereon 
Voted, that Col. Barber 

M r . Nathan Frazier 
M r . John Ballard 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid also 

Voted, that said Committee be directed to make enquirey and 
search into the Town Title to the Land at and near North Battery 

On a motion made Voted, that the Town Clerk issue a Warrant 
to the Constables, for notifying again such persons as have been 
chosen into Office, and have neglected to qualify themselves as 
the Law directs by taking the Oath of Office 

The Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . came into Meeting and Ac- 
quainted the Town that he had Just been regularly notified of the 
Honour they had done him in [42O.] Electing him one of their 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 137 

Representatives in the General Assembly ; that as he could not 
suppose them to be unacquainted with his intention to repair to 
Philadelphia to attend his duty as a Member of Congress, he 
could not but feel very sensibly the Particular mark of respect 
with which the Town had honoured him in this Election : that he 
had always served them to the utmost of his capasity with the 
greatest alacrity and should be happy in still considering himself 
tho. at Congress as not altogether out of the service of a Town 
that makes so respectable a part of the State of Massachusetts, 
he concluded that as it was probable he should be Absent from 
this State the greatest part of the Year it was therefore his desire 
that another Representative might be Elected in his room where- 
upon it was 

Voted, that M r . Adams be excused from serving as a Represent- 
ative 

Voted, that the choice of a Representative in the room of M r . 
Adams for serving be referred to the Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to consider of proper and adequate 
Grants to the Schoolmasters, Report as their Opinion That they 
ought to receive the same Sum in Specie as was allowed them in 
the Year 1774 or a Sum in Paper Money equal to the Exchange 
said Exchange to be settled by the Selectmen at the date of these 
Draughts for payments according to the rate of Gold and 
Silver and that the Master of the North Writing School have 
an additional allowance of fourteen Pounds p Annum for House 

[421.] Rent or the Exchange as aforesaid 

After some debate on the foregoing Report it was moved and 
Voted, that the consideration of this Report be referred to the 
Adjourment 

Adjournment to Tuesday the 23 d . Day of May Instant 10. 
O'Clock Beforeuoou 

Tuesday the 23 d . Day of May 10. OClock Forenoon, met ac- 
cording to adjournment 

The Meeting for the choice of two Representatives in the room 
of M r . Adams and M r . Gray who had declined serving, being Ad- 
journed to this time M r . Scollay Chairman of the Selectmen in 
their Name directed the Inhabitants to withdraw and bring in 
their Votes for two Representatives, and their it was declared that 
no Votes would be received, but such as are unfolded 

The Votes being accordingly brought in the number of the same 
were found to be two hundred, and upon sorting them it appeared, 
that the two following Persons were chose Viz'. 

M r . Samuel Austin ------ 101 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 180 (excused) 

The choice of two Persons as Representatives being over and 
declared by the Selectmen 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . the Moderator of the Meeting 
for transacting the other Affairs mentioned in the Warrant, again 
took the Chair 

[422.] The Article in the Warrant Viz*. "To consider 
whether Instructions shall be given to the Representatives that 



138 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

may be chosen, was read and after some debate had thereon it 
was 

Voted, that a Committee shall now be chosen to draw up In- 
structions for the Gentelmen chosen to represent this Town in the 
General Assembly to Report a Draught tit the Adjournment of this 
Meeting 

Voted, that Ellis Gray Esq r . 

Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . 
M r . Leonard Jarvis 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Voted, this Meeting be Adjourned to Wednesday 9. OClock 
Forenoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 



Wednesday 9. O. Clock Beforenoon Met according to Ad- 
journment 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . one of the Gentelmen chosen to Represent 
this Town having by his desire been excused from serving M r . 
Scollay Chairman of the Selectmen in their Name directed the In- 
habitants to withdraw, and bring in their Votes for one Repre- 
sentative, and that it was declared that no Votes will be received 
but such as are unfolded 

The Votes being accordingly brought in and [423.] Sorted, it 
appeared that the Number of Votes were one hundred and fifty 
Three, and that John Rowe Esq r . - - - 144 was chosen 

The choice of a Representative in the Room of Ezekiel Price 
Esq r . who had declined serving, being over and delivered by the 
Selectmen 

The Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . the Moderator of the Meeting 
for transacting the Other affairs mentioned in the Warrant, again 
took the Chair 

The Committee to consider what is proper to be done on the 
Article in the Warrant which respects the North Battery, Reported 
verbally 

That it appeared to the Committee to be for the Interest of the 
Town, that the Battery Estate should be Leased or otherwise im- 
proved for the benefit of the Town, and the Committee asked 
leave to Report further whereupon 

Voted, that the Committee aforesaid be desired to Report fur- 
ther, as soon as may be 

The Selectmen a Committee to procure a Room for the accom- 
modation of the Youth of the South part of The Town, in the 
room of the School House lately consumed by Fire Reported 

That they could not obtain a proper Building for a School, and 
that they had therefore caused a plan to be drawn for a suitable 
Building for that purpose which with an Estimate of the charge 
thereof, they beg'd leave t6 lay before the Town for their con- 
sideration whereupon 

[42-4.] Voted, that the consideration of this Report and what 
is proper to be done thereon, be referred over to the Adjourn- 
ment of this Meeting 



BOSTOX TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 139 

The Committee of Eighteen relative to purchasing of Grain &c 
Reported verbally 

That they are not at present ready for closing their Accounts 
with M r . Van Ranselier of N York, who had been employed by 
them in purchasing Grain, but that they hoped they should be able 
to Report and lay their Doings before the Town at the Adjourn- 
ment on a Motion 

Voted, that when this Meeting be Adjourned it be to Wednes- 
day the 14 Day of June next. 10. O'Clock Forenoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned 
in publick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuiel Hall the 9 th . Day 
of June 1780. 3 O. Clock. P: M: 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw, and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator, and the same having been brought in and 
sorted, it appeared that 

John Tudor Esq r . 
was chosen, unanimously 

[425.] The Article in the Warrant Viz'. "To consider 
and determine upon the most expeditious, and equal way of rais- 
ing this Towns proportion of Men for the Continental Army as 
required by a Resolve of the General Court" was read, as also 
the Resolve of the General Court passed the 5 th . Day of June 
Current" was read, as also the Resolve of the General Court 
mentioned above whereupon it was moved, and 

Voted, that whatever charge may arise on raising the Towns 
proportion of Men, over and above the encouragement given by 
Goverment, shall be defreyed by a Town Tax 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Thousand Pounds, be 
raised by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within this Town for the 
sole purpose of carrying on the War, the same to be added to the 
next Tax also 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is impowered 
to borrow a Sum of Money not exceeding One hundred thousand 
Pounds to be appropriated for the purpose of carrying on the 
War, and that he give his Negotiable Note to the respective 
Lenders on Interest for the Sums by them advanced the same to 
be paid out of the aforesaid Tax as it shall be brought into the 
Treasury 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is directed to 
pay unto Edward Proctor Esq r . Col. of the Boston Regiment, 
such sums as may be Necessary to defray the Bounty that may be 
given the [426.] Men which shall be Inlisted, as also, the 
Selectmen of the Town, what may be Sufficient to pay the Men 
that shall be raised their Mileage 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. "To consider and determin 
upon the most expeditious and equal way of Providing the Towns 
proportion of Shirts, Shoes, Stockings and Blankets for the 



140 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Army agroable to a Resolve of the General Court passed the 
21 st . of April last was read whereupon 
Voted, that Isaac Smith Esq r . 

Stephen Higginson Esq r . 

John Tudor Esq r . 

Samuel Brick Esq r . 

Herman Brimmer 

be a Committee to consider and Report thereon at the Adjournment 
Adjourned to Wednesday next beiug the 14 th . of June Ins', at 
3 OClock Afternoon 

Wednesday the 14 th . of June 3 O. Clock P: M: Met accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to consider and determin on the most 
expeditious and equal way of providing the Towns proportion of 
Shirts Shoes Stockings and Blankets for the Arm}' beg leave to 
Report, that they are of opinion that the best & most expeditious. 
Method is to desire the Selectmen to purchase said Articles, on 
the best terms and as soon [427.] as possible, the Selectmen to 
be furnished with Money for that purpose out of the Town Treas- 
urey and in case there should not be Money Sufficient in the 
Treasurey, to choose a Committee of three in each Ward to waite 
on Gentelmen of Property desiring them to Advance the Town 
what Money they can possibly spare the Money so advanced to be 
discounted out of the Tax now issuing ISAAC SMITH p Order 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered, the 
Question was put Whether the same shall be accepted Passed in 
the Affermative also 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Thousand Pounds be 
raised by a Tax on Polls & Estates within this Town for the Sole 
purpose of carrying on the War, the same to be added to the Tax 
of 100,000 already granted also 

Voted, that Committees be appointed in each Ward for procur- 
ing Subscriptions for Loaning and immediatley paying into the 
Treasurey the two Hundred Thousand Pounds, for the purposes 
mentioned in the foregoing Votes 

Voted, that the several Companies of the Boston Militia be de- 
sired, to appoint at their respective Meetings to be on Thursday 
next, three Persons out of each Company to procure the Subscrip- 
tions aforesaid 

Voted, that the following be the head of a Subscription Paper 
for each Company of the Militia Viz'. 

[428.] The Town of Boston having by a Late Vote deter- 
mined that the Charge of raising their proportion of Men for the 
Continental Army over and above the encouragement given by 
Goverment shall be defreyed by a Town Tax and having also 
Voted to borrow a Sum of Money not exceeding two hundred 
Thousand Pounds, for the purpose of paying the Men to be raised 
their Bounty and Miladge, and also for procuring Shirts, Blankets, 
Shoes & Stockings as required of the Town by a late Resolve of 
the General Assembly ; which Money as borrowed is to be paid 
into the Town Treasurer for which the Treasurer is to give negoti- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 141 

able Notes to the respective Lenders on Interest, which Notes are 
to be discharged out of the aforesaid Tax as it shall be brought 
into the Treasury therefore 

We the Subscribers apprehending it to be of the last importance, 
at the present Crisis that our proportion of Men be immediately 
raised and the proper Supplies forwarded hereby chearfully en- 
gage to furnish the respective Sums set against our Names 

Voted, that Edward Procter Esq r . Colonel of the Boston Regi- 
ment be furnished with one fair Copy for each Company in said 
Regement 

Moved that Col. Procter be desired not to exceed 1000 in 
the offer of a Town Bounty to the Men that are to be raised " 
and the Question was put Passed in the Negative 

[439.] Voted, that it be Left to Col. Proctor to procure this 
Towns proportion of Men to reinforce the Continental Army, on 
the best terms he is able 

Voted, that this Meeting when Adjourned, be to Fryday next 
3. O: Clock P:M: 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Fryday June 16 th . 3. O. Clock Afternoon Met according to 
Adjournment 

On a Motion made Voted, that when this Meeting is Ad- 
journed it shall be to Monday next being the 19 th Instant 3 
O: Clock Afternoon 

On a Motion made, Voted, that the several Captains of the 
Boston Militia be desired to Notify their respective Companies, 
that the Meeting relative to raising our proportion of Men for the 
Continental Army, Stand Adjourned to Monday Next when it 
is hoped, that they will give a very general Attendance 

Then the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Monday the 19 th of June. 3. O. Clock P: M: Met according to 
Adjournment 

Deacon Tudor in the Chair 

There being but very few of the Inhabitants at this Meeting 
A Motion was made : That the [43O.] Sense of the Town 
or Inhabitants, be taken as to the expedienc}' of proceeding to 
Buissiness after some debate the Motion was withdrawn 

Cap'. Hodson of the Militia moved, that a Committee be now 
appointed for the purpose of raising.the Towns proportion of Men 
for the Continental Army, and that the Committee set at Fanuiel 
Hall so long as Col. Proctor shall think it expedient and that 
no higher sum than the 1000 be Offered as a bound}' the 
Motion being Seconded after some Debates had thereon the 
same was withdrawn 

It was then moved and Voted, that it be recommended to Col. 
Proctor not to go beyond One Thousand Pounds p Man as a 
Boundy to such Persons as shall Inlist also 

Voted, that Col. Proctor be desired to Collect of the Committee 
of the several Militia Companies appointed to procure Subscrip- 
tions the Amount of those Subscriptions and lodge the same with 



142 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

the Town Clerk a Day before the Adjournment of this Meeting 
in order to their being then laid before the Town 
Adjourned to Fry clay next 3. O. Clock Afternoon 

Fryday the 23 d . Day of June 3. OClock Afternoon met accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

[431.] Deacon Tudor in the Chair 

Col . Procter agreeable to the request of the Town, laid before 
the Meeting the Subscriptions for raising Men, amounting as bv 
Copy on file 140.500 

Moved and Voted, that a Committee be now appointed to wait 
upon the Gentelmen of the Town, in order to procure Subscrip- 
tions to the Amount of One hundred fifty nine thousand five hun- 
dred Pounds, in Addition to the Sum of 140,500 already 
Subscribed for the Sole purpose of carrying on the War 
Voted, that M r . Nathan Frazier 

Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
Samuel Broom Esq r . 
be a Committee for the the Purpose aforesaid 

Voted, that the further Sum off One hundred Thousand Pounds 
be raised by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within this Town in 
Addition to the Sum of 200,000 already granted for the Sole 
purpose of carrying on the War 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is impowered 
to borrow on Interest a Sum of Money not exceeding two hun- 
dred thousand Pounds in addition to the 100,000 already Voted 
to be borrowed, for the purpose of carrying on the War, and that 
he give his Negotiable Notes to the respective Lenders on Interest 
for the Sum by them Advanced, the same to be paid out of the 
aforesaid Tax as it shall be brought into the Treasurey 
[432.] On a Motion made. Voted, that 
Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 
M r . Joseph Barrel 
M r . Leonard Jams 

be added to the Committee appointed to procure Subscriptions for 
the Sole purpose of carrying on the Wai- 
Adjourned to Wednesday next 3 OClock Afternoon 

Wednesday June 28 th . 3 0. Clock Afternoon Met according to 
Adjournment 

A number of Jurymen, were chosen, and drawn for the next 
Inferior Court, as will appeared entered in the Jury Book 

The Committee appointed to procure Subscriptions agreeable to 
a Vote of the late Meeting Reported verbally That they 
had Collected of the Inhabitants for the Sole purpose of carrying 
on the War twenty six thousand Pounds, since the former Sub- 
scription They also acquainted the Town that there had 
been Collected of the Inhabitants by a Committee of the General 
Court for the use of this State, One hundred and forty thousand 
four hundred and Seventy Pounds 

It Was moved that That the severall Collectors of this Town 
.lay before the Inhabitants, at the Adjourment of this Meeting a 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 143 

List of such Taxes as has not yet been paid the Persons from whom 
they were [433.] coming having been called upon for the same 

In the Course of the debate such Objections were stated as in- 
fluensed to the Motions being withdrawn 

On a Motion Voted that when tbis Meeting is Adjourned it shall 
be to Thursday Morning 10. O. Clock 

Voted, that directions be given for ringing all the Bells in Town 
from one quarter of an Houre before 10. O. Clock the Hour of the 
Adjournment 

Voted, that the Coostables of the Town be directed, by the 
Town Clerk to Notify the Inhabitants of the Adjournment, and to 
press their attendance 

Then the Meeting was Adjourned 

Thursday the 29 th . Day of June 10. O. Clock Forenoon Met ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

On a Motion a Paper called the Crisis N. 9 was read to the In- 
habitants 

The Committee appointed to procure Subscriptions agreeable to 
a Vote at the late Meeting Reported 

That the Subscription List for anticipating the Tax for the 
State laid on this Town to be called in by the 15 th . of July next 
amounts to 145,320 the Sum Subscribed in the Several Wards, 
for paying Bounties & Amounts to 150,000 and the Sum Sub- 
scribed to the Committee of which M r . Appleton is Chairman for 
the same use amount to 27,400 

[434.] That there remains to be Subscribed for the State 
161,680 - - - for the Town 123,000 in the whole 284,680 

That the Committee are of Opinion that it will be eligible that 
the Subscription List be kept open till Saturday next 10. O. Clock in 
the Hands of M r . Walley for the State, and M r . Appleton for the 
Town ; and it cannot be thought that the Inhabitants are so desti- 
tute of all regard to their Country, their Brethren in Arms, or to 
their own Safety as to withold their support on this Interesting 
occasion The Committee beg leave to set till said time to com- 
pleat their Report 

Moved and Voted, that a Committee be appointed to Collect 
from the Several Captains and the Collectors the Sums Subscribed 
in the several Wards, and to lay a List of the Subscribers before 
a Committee of the Town, to be appointed to receive the Same 

Ward. 

Voted, that Nath 1 . Barber N. 1 

Jedediah Parker - 2 

Cap 1 . John Ballard - .... 3 

John Cogswell -- 4 

Cap'. William Mackay 5 

John Lowell --------- 6 

Nathan Frazier -------- 7 

Cap 1 . Kneeland 8 

M r . Clark 9 

Cap*. Boyls - 10 

Cap 4 . Cook 11 

Henry Bass --------- 12 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 



144 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

[435.] On a Motion Voted that the Collectors of Taxes be 
desired to attend with their Tax Books at the Adjournment 

A Motion made and carried that a Committee be appointed to 
receive the Reports of the forenamed Committee of Twelve, and 
also to devise Ways and Means for immediately compleating the 
Recruits and Supplies for the Array 

Voted, -that Sam 1 . Allen Otis Esq r . 
Samuel Barret Esq r . 
Nath 1 . Appleton Esq r . 
M r . Leonard Jarvis 
Col. Waters 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Voted that when this Meeting is Adjourned, it be to 4. OClock 
Afternoon 

Voted that the Town Cryer be employed to inform the Inhabi- 
tants of the Adjournment, and the Important Business then to 
come before the Town 

Adjourned to 4. O: Clock Afternoon 

3. OClock P: M: Met according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed in the Forenoon to devise ways and 
means for the immediate compleatiug of the Recruits and Sup- 
plies Reported as entered Page 122 in the Quarto-Book 
which Report having been read and considered the Question 
was put [436.] AVhether the same shall be accepted Passed 
in the Affermative 

Moved and Voted, that the Committee appointed to procure 
Subscriptions &c be desired to go into the Selectmen's Chamber, 
that such Persons as have not Subscribed might now have an 
oppertunity of doing it, as well as those who incline to enlarge their 
Subscriptions on so interesting an Occasion 
Voted, that Col. Johonuot 

Col. Waters 
be added to said Committee 

Adjourned to Saturday the 1 Day of July 10. O. Clock Forenoon 

Saturday the 1'. Day of July 10 O'Clock Forenoon Met 
according to Adjournment 

Deacon Tudor in the Chair 

On a Motion Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned it 
shall be to Thursday the 6 th . Day of July, 3. O. Clock Afternoon 

Voted, that the Town Clerk Issue a Warrant to the Constables, 
to Notify the Inhabitants of this Adjournment, and the importance 
of a general attendance also 

Voted, that the Town Clerk publish in the several News Papers 
that this Meeting stands Adjourned to Thursday the 6 Day of 
July Ins 1 . 3. O. Clock [437.] Afternoon princepally for the 
Purpose of receiving the Subscriptions of the Inhabitants for the 
Advance of their Taxes, which they will be oblidged to pay by 
the thirteenth of July Current, and that such of the Inhabitants 
as have not Subscribed for the purpose aforesaid and shall absent 



BOSTOX Towx RECORDS, 1780. 145 

themselves from said Adjournment, will be considered as declin- 
ing any exertions to assist the Publick also that is earnestly 
desired, of the Subscribers and Inhabitants to give a General and 
punctual Attendance also the Subscription Papers will lay open 
with M r . Walley and M r . Appleton 

Then the Meeting was Adjourned to the said 6 th . Day of July, 
3. O. Clock P: M 

Thursday the 6 th . Day of July 3 O.Clock Afternoon Met ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

Deacon Tudor in the Chair 

The Committee appointed to procure Subscriptions, Reported to 
the Town that the Subscriptions amount to 31,850 - - - 

Moved and Voted, that the Assessors be desired to Attend and 
inform the Town When they shall be able to deliver the Tax Books 
to the Collectors 

The Assessors agreeable to requirement attended and informed 
the Town that they hoped to compleat that Buissiuess in about ten 
Days 

Moved and Voted, that the Committee relative to Subscriptions 
of which M r . Frazier is [438.] Chairman, be desired to proceed 
in Order to Compleat the Subscriptions 

On a Motion Voted, that an Addition of the Persons be now 
made to said Committee 

Voted that Ellis Gray Esq r . 
Allen Otis Esq r . 
Ehenezer Hancock Esq r . 
be added to the Committee aforesaid for procuring Subscriptions 

Adjourned to Tuesday next being the 11 th . Day of July Ins'. 3. 
O: Clock Afternoon 

Tuesday the 11 th . Day of July. 3. O: Clock Afternoon Met ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to borrow Moneys for carrying on the 
War, being called upon to make Report, acqu:dnted the Town, 
that they had, Suspended offering the Subscription Papers to the 
Inhabitants, as they understood the Militia Companies of the sev- 
eral Wards, were assisting said Companies for the purpose of 
paying the Bounty &c to the Men that are Inlisted. &c. as a Rein- 
forcement to the Continental Army 

On a Motion. Voted, that Col Proctor be directed to pay to 
one Major two Captains and four Subaltron officers appointed for 
me Towns proportion of the Militia to be inlisted or draughted 
[439.] Agreeable to a Resolve of the General Court lately 
Passed, Six hundred Pounds, each out of the Monies to be raised 
for paying the Bounties &c to the Men who are to reinforce the 
Continental Army 

A Motion was made, that an Additional Grant of 100,000 
be now made for the sole purpose of carrying on the War. the 
Motion was withdrawn, on account of another Motion made, for 
an Adjournment [the Meeting bein thire illegible.^ 



146 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned it shall be to Mon- 
day next the 17 th . Day of July Ins'. 3. O. Clock Afternoon 
And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Monday the 17 th . Day of July 3. OClock, Afternoon Met 
according to Adjournment 

On a Motion made Voted, that Col. Proctor be directed, to pay 
to one Major, two Captains and four Subaltron Officers appointed 
over the Towns proportion of the Militia raised by a Resolve of 
the General Assembly lately Passed ; Six hundred Pounds each, in 
addition to the former Grants of Six hundred Pounds, made the 
seventh of July, and this out of the Moneys to be raised for pay- 
ing the Bounties of the Men raised to reinforce the Continental 
Army 

Voted, that the sum of Two hundred ,and Fifty thousand 
Pounds, be raised by a Tax upon [44O.] Polls, and Estates, within 
this Town, in addition to the Sum of three hundred Thousand 
Pounds already granted by the Town for the sole purpose of car- 
rying on the War the same to be added to the next Tax, also 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is impowered 
and directed to borrow a Sum of Money, not exceeding Two hun- 
dred and Fifty Thousand Pounds in addition to the Three hundred 
Thousand Pounds already Voted, by the Town for the Sole pur- 
pose of carrying on the War, and that said Treasurer give his 
negotiable Notes to the respective Lenders on Interest for the 
Sums by them advanced, the Same to be paid out of the Tax, 
already Issued 

It was then Moved, that this Meeting be dessolved 

And the Meeting was accordingly dessolved 

[Several entries follow out of chronological order, but as they 
appear in original. W. H. W.] 

At the Adjournment of the May Meeting, Wednesday the 14 th 
Day of June 10. O. Clock Forenoon 

General Hancock the Moderator of the Meeting, and Deacon 
Tudor ihe Moderator Pro. Tern , not attending the former being 
Oblidged to attend the General Assembly 

David Jeffries Esq r . was chosen Moderator during the absence 
of General Hancock and Deacon Tudor 

[441.] On a Motion made Voted, that this Meeting be Ad- 
journed to the Afternoon 4. 0. Clock, in hopes of .a more general 
attendance of the Inhabitants 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

4. O'Clock Afternoon Met according to Adjournment. 

As very few of the Inhabitants Attended, a Motion was made 
and obtained, that when this Meeting is Adjourned, it shall be to 
Fryday the 16th of June 4. O'. Clock Afternoon. 

A Motion was then made but did not obtain, that the Town 
now proceed to the consideration of proper Allowances to the 
Schoolmasters, &c. 

Adjourned to Fryday next 4. OClock Afternoon 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 147 

Fryday June 16 th . 4. O. Clock Afternoon Met according to 
Adjournment 

David Jeffries Esq r . Moderator Pro: Tern , not attending 
Deacon Tudor took the Chair 

On a Motion, Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned, it 
shall be to Monday next. 4. O. Clock in the Afternoon 

On a Motion, Voted, that the Town Clerk advertize in the 
several News Papers, the time to which Meeting stands Adjourned 
also that grants of Money are then to be made for the School- 
masters, for their Salaries &c. and other important business to be 
Transacted 

[44SJ.] Adjourned to Monday next being being the 19 th . of 
Juue Ins 4 . 4. O. Clock : P: M: in the Afternoon 

Monday June 19 th . 4. O. Clock P: M: Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

The Committee appointed to consider of proper and Adequate 
Grants to the School Masters Reported whereupon a Motion 
was made that said Report be now taken up and acted upon 
and the Question being accordingly put Passed in the Negative 

The Town Treasurer having requested that he might be im- 
powered to procure at the Towns Expence printed Blanks, that 
greater dispatch may be made, in giving Notes to the respective 
Subscribers for the Sums by them Loaned and paid into the 
Town Treasurey for the purpose of paying the Men to be raised 
as a reinforcement to the Continental Army, their Bounty, Mileage 
&c as also for procuring Shoes, Stockings, Shirts and Blankets 
the Question was accordingly put and Passed in the Affirmative 

Adjourned to Fryday next being the 23 d . of June Ins'. 3. 
O. Clock in the Afternoon 

Fryday June 23 d . 3 OClock in the Afternoon Met according 
to Adjournment 

The Report of the Committee relative to the Schoolmasters 
Salaries being again read ; the same as Amended by the Town is 
as follows Viz'. 

[443.] The Committee appointed to consider and Report 
proper and adequate Grants to the Schoolmasters, are of opinion 
that M r . Samuel Hunt Master of the South Grainer School, be 
allowed in Specie the Sum of Ninety Pounds, for Six Mouths 
Salary, the same to commence the first of March, last, or a Sum 
in paper Money equal to the Exchange, said Exchange to be set- 
tled by the Selectmen at the date of their Draughts for payment 
according to the rate of Gold and Silver among the Merchants 
and that the Master of the North Writing School have an Addi- 
tional allowance of fourteen pounds p Annum for House Rent, or 
the Exchange as aforesaid And that all the Towns School- 
masters, and Ushers receive an addition to their Salaries in the 
same proportion and manner 

NATHANIEL APPLETON p Order. 

The foregoing Report amended having been again read the 



148 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Question was pat, Whether the same shall be accepted Passed 
in the Affermative 

On a Motion made Voted, that the Town will support the Col- 
lectors of Taxes in any Advice or legal Prosecutions relative to 
Collecting of Taxes which the Selectmen shall Judge to be neces- 
sary ; and the Selectmen are directed to give their Draughts on 
the Town Treasurer for any charge that may arise thereon 

On a Motion made. Voted that a Committee be appointed to 
consider and Report at the Adjournment of this Meeting, what 
Sum it rs necessary for the Town to raise in order to defra}' the 
Charges & Expencies of the Current year ; as also what will be a 
proper and [444.] Adequate Allowance to the Assessors for 
their services 

Voted that Ebenezer Storer Esq r . 

William Cooper 

Thomas Daws Esq r . 

M r . Joseph Barrel 

M r . Samuel Eliot 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Adjourned to Wednesday next the 23 d . [sic'] Ins'. 4 O. Clock in 
the Afternoon 

Wednesday June 28 th . [sic] 4. O. Clock. Afternoon Met accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

Deacon Tudor in the Chair 

The Committee appointed to consider what' Sums may be neces- 
sary for the Town to raise to defray the Charges of the present 
Year, as also what "will be a proper Allowance to the Assessors 
for their servicies Reported whereupon it was moved and Voted, 
that the consideration of this Report be referred to the Adjourn- 
ment of this Meeting 

Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned, it shall be to Mor- 
mow. 12. O. Clock Forenoon 

Then the Meeting was Adjourned 

Wednesday the 29 th . [sic] Day of June 12. O. Clock Forenoon 
Met according to Adjournment 

Deacon Tudor 
in the Chair 

[445.] The several Committees chosen by the Town not 
being able to Report this Forenoon it was motioned that this 
Meeting, be Adjourned to 5. O. Clock Afternoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

5 O'Clock Afternoon Met according to Adjournment 
The Report of the Committee relative to allowance to the As- 
sessors &c was again read, and being amended by the Town is as 
follows Viz'. 

The Committee appointed to consider what Sums maybe neces- 
sary for the Town to raise to defrey the Charges of the Present 
year, as also what will be a proper allowance to the Assessors for 
their Services beg leave to Report 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 149 

That they have attended the Business and on due consideration 
find themselves so intirely unacquainted with the affairs of the 
Town and the usual Charges especially in the present time, as to 
be utterly incompitent to Judge of the Sura necessary to be raised, 
and would therefore humbly suggest that it be referred to the 
Gentelmen Selectmen and Overseers of the Poor, who are much 
better acquainted with the State of the Town, and consequently 
better able to Judge of the Sum wanted 

The Committee further Report, That in their Opinion there 
ought to be allowed to the Assessors from the 2 d . of February last 
Six Shillings p Day in Silver Mone}-, or Paper at the Rate of 
Silver and Gold, among the Merchants, the Exchange to be 
[446.] The same as was the Schoolmasters ; and that a further 
allowance of Two Thousand Pounds, at least ought to be made 
them for being kept out of the Sum due to them for past Services 
'The foregoing Report as amended having been again read 
the Question was put Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affermative 

Voted, that the Sum of Three hundred thousand Pounds be 
raised by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within this Town for the 
Relief of the Poor and defraying other necessary Charges ; Fifty 
Thousand Pounds thereof to be appropriated for the support of 
the Almshouse the same to be added to the next Tax 

On a Motion made Voted, that the Town Treasurer be paid his 
Salary quarterly as the Schoolmasters are drawn for 

On a Motion Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned it 
shall be to the First Tuesday in August next 10. O. Clock P: M: 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

August 1. Tuesdays. O. Clock P: M: Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

Deacon Tudor and Treasurer Jeffries the Moderators Pro Tern , 
being absent 

[447.] Hon ble . Oliver Wendell Esq r . was chosen Moderator 
Pro Tern . 

Cap'. Ballard one of the Committee relative to the North 
Battery Reported Verbally, whereby it appeared that the Title of 
the Towns Lands at the North Battery was clear on which a 
Motion was made and carried 

That the Selectmen be desired and impowered to make such 
an improvement of the Towns Estate at the North Battery as to 
them shall appear most for the Interest of the Town 

On a Motion made Voted, that the Selectmen draw for the Sum 
of Twenty five hundred Pounds, in faviour of the Town Treasurer 
on Account of his Salary the Current Year 

On a Motion Voted, that the Draught now issued by the Select- 
men in faviour of the Assessors for 20.700 to be paid out of 
the first Moneys that shall be received into the Treasury, or that 
the Treasurer be impowered to give his Negotiable Notes on 
Interest for said Sum 

On a Motion made by M r . Gray 

Voted, that the Selectmen give the Town Clerk a draught on the 



150 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Treasurer for three thousand Pounds on Account of his Salary for 
the present Year, and that the Treasurer be impowered to give his 
Negotiable Notes for the Same on Interest if desired 

Voted, that all Matters and things unfinished be referred to the 
Next General Town Meeting 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



[448.] At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston of Twenty one Years of Age and upwards, qualified as 
the Constitution prescribes and legally warned in Publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneieul Hall on Monday the 4 th . Day of 
September A.D. 1780 9 O. Clock A: M 

Prayer was made by the Kev d . M r . Lotherop 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

A Resolve of the Convention passed the 16 th . Day of June 1780 
relative to the choice of a Governor, Lieutenant Governor, and 
Six Senators for the County of Suffolk read 

Persons Voted, for as Governor with the Number of Votes, for 
each Person Viz'. 

Vote*. 

Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq r . 64 

Hou ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . 1 

Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . - - 858 



923 

On a Motion, Voted, that the Town will now come to the choice 
of a Lieutenant Governor 

It was then declared by the Selectmen, that no Votes, will be 
received, but such as are unfolded, and that they purpose the Poll 
be closed at One O. Clock 

Persons Voted, for as Lieutenant Governor, with the Number 
of Votes for each Person Viz'. 

Votes. 

[449.] Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq r . 30 

Hon blc . Samuel Adams Esq r . 9 

Hon ble . Jeremiah Powell Esq r . ----- 1 167 

Hon ble . Benjamin Greanleaff Esq r . 2 

Hou blc . Walter Spooner -- - 8 

Hon ble . Artemas Ward 14 

Hon ble . William Sever Esq r . 4 

Hon ble . Thomas Cushing Esq r . 49 

Hon ble . John Hancock Esq r . 2 

Hon ble . Oliver Wendell Esq r . - 3 

Hon ble . James Warren Esq r . 1 

Hon ble . John Pitts Esq. 1 

William Heath Esq r . - .- - 1 

Jonathan Jackson Esq r . 

John Lowell Esq r . ------- 15 

Azor Orn Esq r . 20 

Caleb Davis Esq r . - - 4 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 151 

Votes 

M r . Edward Green 1 

James Sylliman Esq r . ------ 2 

M r . William Dennie 1 

M r . Peter Edes 2 



339 
Adjourned to 4 O'Clock P; M: 

4 O. Clock P: M: Met according to Adjournment 

On a Motion made Voted, to close the Poll for Senators, at 6 
O'Clock 

On a Motion made Voted, to reconsider the foregoing Vote, 
and that the Poll for Senators be closed at half past Five O'Clock 

[45O.] Persons Voted, for as Senators for the County of 
Suffolk with the Number of Votes, for each Person Viz 1 . 

Votes. 

Hon ble . Thomas Gushing Esq r . 234 

Hon ble . Jeremiah Powell Esq r . 214 

Hon ble . John Pitts Esq r . 250 

Hon blc . Jabez Fisher Esq r . 275 

Hon ble . Samuel Nyles Esq r . ------- 259 

Increase Sumner Esq r . ------ 259 

John Lowell Esq r . -- 73 

Hon ble . Benjamin White Esq r . 6 

^ Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq r . ------ 31 

Hou ble . Oliver Wendell Esq r . - - - - 30 

Cotton Tuffts Esq r . 7 

Richard Cranch Esq r . ------ 9 

Hon ble . Benjamin Austin Esq r . 11 

Caleb Davis Esq r . -.---.. 4 

M r . Joseph Barrel - 1 

Ellis Gray Esq r . 4 

William Tudor Esq r . - 1 

Hon ble . Henry Gardner Esq r . 2 

M r . Edward Payne ._._ i 

Hon ble . William Phillips Esq r . - - - 2 

Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . 1 

Samuel Broom Esq r . 1 

M r . Samuel Demiug -------- l 

Thomas Daws Esq r . 1 

Attested, Copies of the Persons Voted for as Governor Leu*. 
Governor, and Senators for the County of Suffolk, were trans- 
mitted to the Secretary of this State and the Inclosed sealed 
up in Town Meeting, Superscribed as follows Viz 1 . 

For 

[451.] The Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . 
Secretary 

of the Commonwealth 

of Massachusetts 
The number of Votes, of the Town of Boston for a Governor, 



152 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Lieutenant Governor, and Six Senators for the County of Suffolk, 
certified within and Sealed up in Town Meeting 
Then the Meeting was dissolved 



- At a Meeting of the Freeholders an Other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 11 th . 
Day of October Anno Domini 1780 10 O'Clock Forenoon 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Howard 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

A Resolve of the Convention passed the 16 th . Day of June 
1780 relative to the Choice of Governor, Lieu'. Governor 
Senators and Representatives read 

The Town having determined to choose Seven Persons to 
Represent them in the Great and General Court, or Assembly to 
be held at the State House in Boston upon Wednesday the 25 th . 
Day of October Current. 

[452.] Agreeable to a Resolve of Convention passed the 16 th . 
Day of June last The Inhabitants were accordingly directed, to 
withdraw, and bring in their Votes for Seven Representatives, and 
then it was Declared by the Selectmen that no Votes will be re- 
ceived, but such as are unfolded ; and that they propose the Poll 
shall be closed at 12. O. Clock 

The Votes being brought in for Seven Representatives, the 
number of the same were found to be One hundred Eighty five and 
upon sorting them it appeared, that the following Persons, were 
chose Viz'. 

Votes 

Caleb Davis Esq r . -------- 181 

Thomas Daws Esq r . -- - - - - - 178 

John Lowell Esq r . 181 

Thomas Walley Esq r . 172 

Samuel Austin Esq r . ------- 157 

John Rowe Esq r . -179 

Samuel Barrett Esg r . -------- 150 

The choice of Representatives being over, and declared by the 
Selectmen ; the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring 
in their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting in order that the 
Town may proceed in transacting the Other Affairs Mentioned in 
the Warrant; accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew and brought 
in their Votes, and upon sorting them it appeared that 

John Lowell Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator, unanimously 

[453.] The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . " To consider of 
the Measures that shall be taken for procuring Beef for the Army 
in conformity to a Resolve of the General Assembly passed the 
25 th . of September last " was read whereupon it was moved 
and Voted, that a Committee be now appointed to take this Mat- 
ter into consideration and Report at the Adjournment of this Meet- 
ing what they shall Judge best to be done thereon also 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 153 

Voted, that Caleb Davis Esq r . 
Thomas Daws Esq r . 
Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Walley 

Stephen Higgiuson Ksq r . 
M r . Samuel Brick 

Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . " To consider whether Instruc- 
tions shall be given to the Representatives, that shall be chosen " 
was read, and after some debate it was moved, and carried, 
that the further consideration thereof be referred to the Ad- 
journment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. u To consider whether any 
Measures shall be taken relative to the Towns, Interest at South 
Battery." was read whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee for the consideration 
of this Matter and to Report at the Adjournment 

[454.] Voted, that when this Meeting be Adjourn'd it be to 
Monday next. 10. O. Clock Forenoon 

On a Motion, Voted, that the Town Clerk be directed to Notify 
the Inhabitants, in the Thursdays and Mondays Papers of the Time 
to which this Meeting may be Adjourned, and that business which 
felates to the Supply of the Army and other important matters are 
then to be acted upon also 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday next being 
the 16 th . Instant. 10. OClock 

Monday October 16 th . 10. O. Clock Forenoon Met according to 
Adjournment 

On a Motion, Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to enjoin 
the Attendance of four Constables at least with the Badge of their 
Office at all Town Meetings, and the Adjournment of such 
Meetings. 

The Committee appointed to consider and Report some Method 
to be Adopted by the Town to enable them to comply with a Req- 
uisition of the General Court of the 25 th . of September last for 
supplying the Army with Beef have attended that service, and 
Reported accordingly the following Votes, in conformity to said 
Report were passed by the Town Viz'. 

Whereas an immediate complyance with the Requisition of the 
25 th . of September last for supplying the Army with Beef is abso- 
lutely necessary & essential [455.] to the Safety of this and the 
United States, a consideration which has always raised and ani- 
mated the Inhabitants of this Town to the most Manly and Spirited 
exertions, and as the Money cannot be Collected by Taxes in 
season to make the necessary purchases therefore 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is impowered 
and directed to borrow a Sum not exceeding Six Thousand two 
hundred and Fifty pounds of the new Emission and to induce 
Gentelmen of Property the more readily and Speedily to advance 
their Moneys, and as an allowance for any inconvenience the Per- 



154 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

soas lending may sustain by hastely raising the Same The 
Treasurer is hereby directed to give his Notes upon Interest pay- 
able in three Months with an allowance of five p C*. on the same, 
on or before the Thirteenth Day of October Ins'. ; said Money to 
be appropriated solely for the complying with the Requisition 
aforesaid, and for carrying on the War 

And the more effectually to prevent any Injustice being done 
either to the Town or the Lender 

Voted, that the Notes given by the Treasurer shall be in the 
form following Viz 1 . 

Boston 1780. 

In pursuance of a Vote of the Town passed the 16 th . of October, 
1780. Borrowed and received of: A: B. the sum of the new 
Emission to enable the Town to comply with a Requisition of the 
General Court of the 25 th . of September last to procure Beef for 
the Army ; which Sum I promise to repay said A: B. [456.] Or 
Bearer in Three Months from the above date, with Lawfull Interest 
for the Same till paid, the sum so repaid to be equal in value to 
the sum received, in the Judgement of the Committee appointed l>y 
the Town to determine the same 

Voted, that John Scollay Esq r . 

M r . Edward Payne 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

And whereas Strict Justice as well as the strictest policy dictates 
that the Treasurer should be enabled punctually to discharge said 
Notes at the time limetted for Payment 

Voted, that the Sum of Two hundred and Fifty thousand Pounds 
in Continental Bills of Credit equal to the sum of Six Thousand two 
hundred and Fifty Pounds of the new Emission be immediately 
Assessed on the Polls, and Estates of the Inhabitants of this Town 
which Sums the Assessors are hereby directed to add to the Town 
Tax they are now making to be appropriated soley for the purpose 
aforesaid 

And whereas it is absolutely necessary that the Moneys should 
be immediately Collected, to prevent the Town being subjected to 
pay a large fine ia case of delay, and that the business may be ex- 
pidited as much as possible 

Voted, that Stephen Higginson 
Samuel Breck 
Ellis Gray 

[457.] Samuel Broom 

Leonard Jams 
Isaac Smith 
Josiah Waters Esq r . 

be a Committee to apply to the Inhabitants for an Immediate loan 
of Money to the Town for the purposes and on the Conditions as 
aforesaid as the Treasurer is directed to employ one or more trusty 
Person or Persons to Collect the Money that may be Subscribed 
also 

Voted, that John Lucas Esq r . 
Cap 1 . Amasa Davis 
M r . Ebenezer Dorr 



BOSTON Towx RECORDS, 1780. 155 

be a Committee to receive the Money of the Town Treasurer or 
such part of it as shall be necessary to enable the Town to com- 
ply with the Requisition aforesaid and pay the same to the Com- 
mittee appointed by the General Court to purchase Supplies for 
the Army or to their Order taking duplicate' Receipts therefor 
Agreeable to the directions given in said Resolve of the General 
Court also 

Voted, that the Collectors of Taxes be and they hereby are 
directed to take the Notes given by' the Treasurer for the above 
purpose in payment for the Tax levied to Redeem said Notes, 
Allowing the Interest that may be due thereon, and the Treasurer 
is directed to receive them of the Collectors, accordingly in pay- 
ment of said Tax 

The Committee appointed to consider whether any Measures 
shall be taken relative to the Towns Interest at the South Battery 
Reported that they were not as yet able to Report these Matters 
at large 

[458.] Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to lay before 
the Town at the next General Town Meeting a State of the Towns 
Real Estate, and to insert in the Warrant of said Meeting a 
Clause for considering the expediency of disposing of any part of 
the Towns Lauds on the Neck or elsewhere 
Voted, that Richard Devens Esq r . 

Ellis Gray Esq r . 

Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 

Stephen Higginson Esq r . 

William Cooper Esq r . 

be a Committee to prepare Instructions for our Representatives, 
and Report the same at the next Meeting 

Voted, that all Matters unfinished at this Meeting be referred 
over to the next 

On a Motion, Voted, that the Thanks of this Town be and 
hereby are given to the Hon blc . John Hancock Esq r . for his ser- 
vices as a Representative a Number of years past The Town at 
the same Time cannot but express their high Satisfaction of the 
present of his being Seen in a Department of this Commonwealth, 
where his Ability and disinterested Zeal for the Securiety and 
wellfare of this, and the other United States may be more con- 
spicuously displayed, than in any Office that is within the power 
of this Town alone to bestow also Voted that the Town Clerk 
present him with an attested Copy of this Vote 
[459.] Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and Other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston at Faneuil Hall Monday the 30 th . Day of October 
1780 

The Inhabitants met, and it appearing that there had been an 
omission of the Constables in not warning Ward N. 1. the Meet- 
ing was consequently set aside 



156 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned, in publick 
Town Meeting, Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 2 d . 
Day of November Anno Domini 1780 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, and the same bei-ug 
brought in and- Sorted, it appeared that 

Ellis Gray Esq r . was chosen Moderator 

The Committee appointed at a late Meeting to prepare a 
Draught of Instructions for our ' Representatives in General As- 
sembly Reported the following Draught Viz'. 

[46O.] To Caleb Davis Esq r . 

John Lowell Esq r . 
Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Walley 
M r . Samuel Austin 
John Rowe Esq r . and 
Samuel Barrett Esq r . 
Gentlemen 

Your Appointment at this important Crisis is a high Testimoney 
of the Publick Affection, to you, and of their confidence in your 
abilities and integrity : But as we judge you wish to feel your- 
selves supported by your constituents in the Discharge of your 
Duty, we have seen fit to give you the following Instructions; 
And we Depend upon the utmost exertion of your influence to 
carry them into effect. We are now entered upon a new form of 
Government, and from the excellency of its constitution, if rightly 
administred, we might promise ourselves much Publick felicity. 
But our existence under any forms of freedom or happiness, 
depending upon our success against that Power whose yoke we 
have shaken Off, we consider an Attention to the Army as a 
Matter of the highest importance to us, and what ought to be the 
first Object of your regards : We therefore, most solemly 
enjoin it upon you to take immediate steps for filling up our 
quota during the War ; and to provide for the Supply of every 
thing necessary for the comfort & Convenience of both Officers 
and Men ; and we conceive that it is highly expedient that their 
pay henceforth be made in Gold or Silver [461.] And all prom- 
ises to them punctually Complied with ; even a Momentary in- 
attention to their wants we consider as highly criminal 

At a Time when our resources, our Alliances and abilities are 
greater than ever, we behold the independance of our country 
wounded and strugling under the loss of Publick Faith, without 
enquiring into the Policy of former Administrations, or crimi- 
nating them or ourselves for mistaken ideas of finance, we con- 
ceive that Publick, and Private credit rests upon the same basis 
of integrity and honour, of ecconimy and punctuality : and we 
instruct you to revise all the Laws now existing with Respect to 
our paper currency, and to use your influence to Obtain a Repeal 
of any part of them which may appear inconsistent with these 
principles. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 157 

Taught by experience, that all land embargoes, all commercial 
restrictions between the several States, are contrary of Sound 
policy and those social, and Friendly principles which unite our 
common Interest, we direct you by no means to consent to them 
On the Other hand, we have Seen with concern, an ellicit 
Trade carrying on with our inveterate Enemies, this we conceive 
to be highly opposed to all the Principles of Policy and Wisdom, 
inconsistant with our Pretentious, injurious to our generious Allies, 
and what ought to be prohibited under the severiest penalties. 

The frequent escape of Prisoners of War is so alarming in it- 
self, and so dishonourable to our police, as to require an imme- 
diate Remedy we Object not to their enjoying all the Priviledges 
of humanity which their Situation and ours will Admit of ; [462.] 
But surely these ought not to operate as a facility of escaping so 
injurious and disreputable to us 

The protection of our two long neglected sea coasts, is so 
important, and what comes so Naturally under the concern of the 
Representatives of a commercial City, that we think it needless to 
Instruct you upon it. An enquirey into the State of the Treasury, 
and a frequent Adjustment of that and all other Publick Accounts. 
A knowlidge of the Publick debts, and the provissions, made for 
the Discharge of them, are certainly within the Line of your Duty. 

Cultivate a frequent correspondence with our Sister States, 
acquaint yourselves with theif Wants and resources, by a reciproc- 
ity of Good Offices, Mutual Affection will be encreased, and by 
a union of force the Designes of our enemies will be Defeated. 

In a Word, make our most excellent Constitution the Rule of 
your Conduct ; be governed by its principles, and permit no law 
contrary to them to take place ; cherish the Interest of literature 
and the sciences, of Virtue and piety ; and you cannot fail of 
that highest reward in a republick, the approbation of your Fellow 
Citizens 

The foregoing Report having been read & considered ; the 
Question was put Viz 1 . Whether the Same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affermative 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . To receive the Report of the 
Committee appointed to obtain Subscriptions for procuring Beef 
for the Army" was read, and the Committee having Reported 
verbally ; were enjoined [463.] To proceed, in filling up the 
Subscription Paper [duplicate entry in original. W. H. W.] 

The Article in the Warrant. Viz'. To receive the Report of 
the Committee appointed to Obtain Subscriptions for procuring 
Beef for the Army." was read, and the Committee having Re- 
ported verbally : were enjoined to proceed, in filling up the 
Subscription Paper. , 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . To consider what Measures 
shall be taken with respect to several Persons who are taxed in 
this town while Resident in other Towns " was read where- 
upon Voted, that the Selectmen, be and hereby are Authorized, 
and impowered, to settle these disputes b}- referrence or other- 
ways 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To consider, the Petition of 



158 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Cap 1 . Gustavers Fellows, that he may be paid what is clue to him 

from the Town in Moneys equal in value to the Money he has 

advanced " was read, whereupon Voted, that 

John Scollay Esq r . 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

M r . Edward Payne 

be a Committee to examine his Account, and determine what 
Money is due to him in equity 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. To consider of the ex- 
pediency of disposing of any, part of the Towns Lands on the 
Neck or elsewhere read whereupon after some debate, it was 
moved and carried, that the further consideration of this Matter 
be referred to the Annual Town Meeting in March next 

[464.] On a Motion Voted, that a Committee be appointed 
to prepare an Address to his Excellency John Hancock Esq r . con- 
gratulating him on his late appointment to the Chief Seat of 
Goverment in this Commonwealth &c. 

Voted, that Ellis Gray Esq r . the Moderator 
William Cooper 
John Brown 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
M r . Tuttle Hubbard 
David Jeffries Esq r . 
William Tudor Esq r . 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 
Adjourned to Saturday next. 11. O'Clock 

Saturday Noyember 4 th . Met According to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to draught an Address to His Excel- 
lency Governor Hancock, on his advancement to the chief Seat of 
Government in this Commonwealth Reported as follows Viz 1 . 

May it please your Excellency 

The Freeholders & Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, in Town 
Meeting Assembled with great respect and Sincere pleasure take 
this early apportunity to congratulate your P^xcellency on your 
Appointment as first Governor of the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts, by the almost unanimous Sufferages of the People 

[465.] The early and decisive part taken by your Excellency 
at the commencement of the present contest the warmth of your 
patriotick Affection evinced in the sacrifises you have made, and 
the great Assiduity with which you have discharged the various 
Trusts, reposed in you, affords the brightest prospect, that your 
Talents will still be employed, with honor & Success, in promoting 
the security and Wellfare of this & the Other United States. 

That generous concern you have always expressed for the In- 
terest of this Metropolis, is a pleasing pledge that the Interest 
with which the general Good is so nearly connected, will now be 
more peculiarly taken under your Excellencies, patronage and 
protection 

Your Excellency may rely upon our contributing every thing in 
our power to promote the ease & happiness of your Administra- 
tion 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 159 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered the 
Question was put Viz'. Whether the Town will accept the 
Same passed in the Affermative, unanimously also 

V r oted, that the Town Clerk prepare a fair draught of this 
Address & that 

Ellis Gray Esq r . Moderator 
William Cooper 
John Brown 
Ezekiel Price 
Tuttle Hubbard 
David Jeffries 
William Tudor Esq r . 

[466.] Be and hereby are appointed a Committee to wait 
upon his Excellency, and in the name of the Town, to present him 
with said Address 

On a Motion made Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 
the 14 th Day of November next 3. O. Clock Afternoon 

Tuesday November 14 th . 1780. 3. O.Clock P: M: Met accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

M r . Gray the Moderator of this Meeting having, acquainted the 
Town that he was so unwell as not to be able to give his attendance 
at this Meeting 

The Inhabitants were then directed to withdraw and bring in 
their Votes, fora Moderator Pro Tern , and the same being brought 
in and sorted, it appeared that 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator Pro : Tern . 

The Committee appointed to present the Address of the Town 
to his Excellency the Governer reported, that his Excellency was 
pleased to Return the following Answer Viz'. 
M r . Moderator and Gentlemen 

The high esteem in which I have always held the respectable In- 
habitants of the Town of Boston, hightens the pleasure with which 
I receive their kind and Affectionate Address. To their cander 
[467.] and good Will I am indebted for my first appearance 
in publick Character, and this debt is greatley enlarged by their 
kind acceptance of my feeble efforts, to promote the securiety and 
wellfare of this and the Other United States The assurance of 
their support in the discharge of the important trust now reposed 
in me by the People of this Commonwealth, is greatly animating 
and demands my gi'atitude It must ever be my inclination and 
study, as it is my indisputable duty, to promote as far as I am 
able, the prosperity of this Metropolis, with which the general 
Good is so nearly connected ; and the Success of every Measure 
for this purpose, will Add to my happiness 
Boston November 6 th . 1 780. 

JOHN HANCOCK 

The Committee appointed to consider the Petition of Cap'. Gus- 
tavus Fellows that he may be paid what is due to him from the 
Town, in Monies equal in value to the Money he has Advanced " 
Reported and after some debate had thereon, it was Moved and 



160 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Voted, that the consideration of this Petition be referred over to 
the Adjournment 

The Meeting was then Adjourned to Fryday next 3. O. Clock 
in the Afternoon 

Fryday the 17 th . Day of November 1780. 3. O.Clock P:M: 
Met according to Adjournment 

M r . Gray in the Chair 

The Committee appointed to examine the demands of Cap'. 
Gustavus Fellows, and determine [468.] what Moneys is due to 
him in equity, the Sum of Twenty one Thousand one hundred and 
forty eight Pounds nine Shillings and two pence Money of the Old 
Emission for Moneys by him Advanced for the Town Also that 
there is due to him the Sum of twelve Thousand eight hundred and 
Ninety five pounds, nine Shillings and two pence, being the real 
depreciation of Currant Money between October 1778. when 
Cap 1 . Fellows lent the Town Fourteen hundred and Five pounds 
Ten Shillings, the 25 th . June 1779 the time he received it 

JOHN SCOLLAY. EZEKIEL PRICE 

The foregoing Report having been read, and considered the 
Question was put Viz*. Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affermative 

On a Motion Voted, that all Matters and things unfinished at 
this Meeting be referred over to the next General Town Meeting 

Then the Meeting was dessolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders an Other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legaley warned ; in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 12 th . 
Day of December A: D: 1780 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

[469.] The Inhabitants having given their Votes for a 
Moderator, and the same being sorted &c it appeared, that 

John Lowell Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator of this Meeting 

Resolve of the General Assembly relative to raising Recruits for 
the Continental Army read 

The Article in the Warrant. Viz 1 . " To agree and determine 
upon the best and most efficatious Means for the speedy raising 
this Towns proportion of effective Men for the Continental Army 
as pointed out and recommended, by the Resolve aforesaid " 
was read, and after considerable debate, it was Moved and Voted, 
that a Committee be appointed to take the Resolve of the General 
Court for raising this Towns proportion of Men for the Continental 
Army into Consideration, and Report what Measures they shall 
Judge best to be adopted by the Town for carrying the same into 
speedy execution also 

Voted, that John Lowell Esq r . 
Col. Proctor 
Ellis Gray Esq T . 
Cap*. Sarson Belcher 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 161 

Col. Daws 

D r . Jarvis 

Col. Joseph Webb 

Cap'. Amasa Davis 

John Greenough Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

[47O.] On a Motion Voted, that when this Meeting is 
Adjourned, it be Adjourned to to Morrow Afternoon, 3. O'Clock 
then to meet at the Representatives Chamber 
Then the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 



Wednesday December the 13 th . 3. O. Clock P: M: met at the 
Representatives Chamber according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to prepare a plan for raising this 
Towns proportion of Men for the Continental Army, Agreeable to 
the Resolve of the General Court of the 2 d . Day of December 
Instant Report as their Opinion, that the same be raised in the 
following Manner Viz*. 

That the one hundred and Eighty one Men required be appor- 
tioned on the several Wards of the Town in the proportion here- 
after stated Viz'. 

Ward ------- N. 1 - - - - 3 Men 

Ward 2 - - - - 5 

Ward,- - - 3 - - - 6 

Ward - - - 4 .... 8 

Ward ----- 5 .... 8 

Ward - - 6 - 17 

Ward - - - 7 -12 

Ward - - 8 - 19 

Ward - - 9 - - - 28 

Ward - - 10 - 26 

Ward 11 - -. - - 26 

Ward ---,--- 12 - - - .- 23 

[471.] And that a Committee be chosen of two Persons in 
each Ward, and another at Large for each Ward to Class the 
several Inhabitants in the respective Wards, into as many Classes, 
as there are Soldiers to be raised in each Ward, and to form their 
Classes in such manner as to make the Several Classes as nearly 
equal in property and in number of Polls, as, may be with conven- 
ience and that the business be immediately done & Report made 
to the Town for their acceptance at a very short Adjournment 

JOHN LOWELL p Order 

The foregoing Report having been read after longe debate 
had thereon the Question was put Viz'. " Whether this Report 
shall be accepted Passed in the Afferrnative also 

Ward 

Voted, that John R. Sigoney ----------1. 

Cap'. Silas Atkins 
Col. Proctor 



162 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Ward 

Capt Elias Parknian --------- 2. 

M r . Henn- Robe}' 
Col. Symms 

Cap'. John Wells 3. 

Cap'. Nath 1 . Fellows 
M r . Daniel Parker 

M r . Samuel Parkraan -- ......4. 

Col. Francis Shaw 
Cap 1 . John Ballard 

Cap'. William Mackey 5. 

Cap'. John Pulling 
Col. Nathaniel Barber 

Ward 

[472.] Deacon Samuel Barret 6. 

M r . Moses Grant 

Cap'. Alexander Hodgden 

M r . Nathan Frazier -------- .7 

Cap'. Job Prince Seu r . 
Eliis Gray Esq r . 

Cap'. John Langdon ---------8 

Stephen Higgiuson Esq r . -------- 

Joseph Bai-rell Esq r . 

M r . Earth . Kneeland - - - 9. 

M r . Leonard J arris 
Cap*. Sarson Belcher 

Thomas Walley 10. 

Col. Joseph Webb 
Col. Thomas Daws 

M r . John Tileston 11 

M r . Joseph Peirce 
Deacon John Preston 

John Lucas Esq r . 12 

M r . Harman Brimmer 
Col. Josiah Waters 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Class, the several 
Wards, as permitted by a late Resolve of the General Assembly of 
this Commonwealth relative to raising Men for the Continental 
Army passed the 29 th . of November last 

[473.] On a Motion Voted, that a Committtee be now appointed 
to consider and Report, the best plan for inlisting this Towns pro- 
portion of the Continental Army 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 163 

Voted, that Col. Proctor 

Col. Joseph Webb 
Nath 1 . Appleton Esq r . 
Cap*. Gowan Brown 
Major Melville 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid to Report as Soon as may 
be 

On a Motion Voted, that the Constables of the Town, be di- 
rected to Notify the foregoing Committee to meet at the Select- ' 
mens Chamber to Morrow Morning 9. O. Clock. Forenoon 

On a Motion Voted, that the Assessors and Collectors of Taxes, 
be desired to let the Committee for Classing the Inhabitants have 
the use of their Books, as they may have occasion 

Adjourned to Fry day next 3. O. Clock Afternoon then to meet 
at the Representatives Chamber 

Fryday the 15 th . Day of December 3. O. Clock Afternoon, Met 
according to Adjournment 

The Committee of Five appointed to devise a plan for the Rais- 
ing this Towns Proportion of Men for the Continental Army 
Reported and the same being read, and debate had thereon, it was 
motioned and carried that the further Consideration of the [474.] 
Report, be referred, till the Committee for Classing have made 
Report 

The Reports of the 12 Committees appointed for Classing the 
Inhabitants in the several Wards was laid before the Town by the 
respective Committees, and the same having been read and Con- 
sidered whereupon Voted, that the Several Reports, be accepted, 
saving those of the Committees for Wards N. 8. 9. & 10 which 
were amended ; and the Question being put Viz 4 . Whether the said 
Reports as amended be accepted Passed in the Afferrnative 

The Report of the Committee of Five relative to the best method 
of Inlisting this Towns proportion of Men for the Continental 
Army again taken up and after considerable debate had thereon 
it was 

Voted, that this Report be Committed to a Committee now to be 
chosen, who are desired to take it into a new draught and Report 
to the Town as soon as may be also 

Voted, that Stephen Higginson Esq r . 

Ellis Gray Esq r . 
M r . Joseph Peirce 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

The foregoing Committee having Reported, and the Same being 
read and considered, after some Amendments, &c agreeable to 
said Report, it was 

Voted, that Col. Josiah Waters 
John Lucas Esq r . 

[475.] Leonard Jarvis Esq r . 

Major Thomas Melville 
Cap'. Alexander Hodgden 

be a Superintending Committee for the Purpose of Inlisting Men 
for such Classes as may be delinquent, or such Classes as may de- 
sire the same ; and that the said Committee shall have Power to 



164 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

discharge any Class upon tbe Receipt of a Man who has passed 
Muster, or the payment of such Sums of Money as in the Estima- 
tion of said Committee shall be sufficient to procure a Man for said 
Class ; and also to discharge any Person belonging to any Class 
who shall pay his proportionable part of such Sums as the said 
Committee shall determin to be sufficient to procure a Man for 
said Class. 

Voted, that the said Committee shall have power to give such 
encouragement as they shall see necessary either of Monie or 
Clothes or both, by appointing a Rendezvous or Recruting Officer 
or any other wa} r their Judgement shall direct 

Voted, that said Committee open the Enlistment on Reciet of 
any Soldier from any Class shall deliver him over to the Superin- 
tendent of the County, and take his Receipt for the same also 

Voted, that this Committee be generously rewarded for their 
Servicies 

Adjourned to Monday next being the 18 th . Ins'. 3. O. Clock in 
the Afternoon 

[476.] Monday 3. Clock Afternoon met according to Ad- 
journment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To take into consideration 
the Request of the Town Schoolmasters, that the Town will deter- 
mine the Sum the} 7 are to receive for their services from the first 
of September last to the First of March next " was read, where- 
upon 

Voted, that Ellis Gray Esq r . 

Nath 1 . Appleton Esq r . 
M r . John Lowell 

be a Committee to take this Matter into Consideration, and Report 
as soon as may be 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . "To consider what is 
proper to be done for the accommodating of the Youth of the 
South part of the Town with a School House in the Room of one 
lately consumed by Fire " was read, and considered whereupon 

Voted that the Selectmen be directed to Apply to William Den- 
nie for the hire of the Large Room in the Manufactory House 
lately purchased by him, for the accommodation of the Youth of 
the South part of the Town with a School House 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To consider what steps are 
necessary for procuring Blankets Shirts, Shoes, and Stockings, 
for the Army," whereupon 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed to issue his Execu- 
tion against the Collectors of Taxes [477.] before the 1'. of 
January next for all such Sums as remaine due of tbe Taxes com- 
mitted to them to Collect, previous to the last Silver Money Tax 
also 

Voted, that a Committee be appointed to make enquirey of the 
Treasurer and Collectors of Taxes, what Sums are now due as 
outstanding Taxes, that are likely to be received also 
Voted, that Isaac Smith Esq r . 

Samuel Henclley Esq T . 
M r . John Lowell 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 165 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid to make Report as soon 
as may be 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. "To consider of the Request 
of Mess rs . Farrington and Davis, that Part of the Brick Wall of 
what is called the Fortification, may be taken down for their 
accomodatiou " was read whereupon 

Voted, that a Committee be appointed to consider the expe- 
diency of this proposal ; first consulting his Excellency thereon, 
and to make Report as soon as may be also 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee for the purpose 
aforesaid 

On a Motion Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to procure 
Blankets, Shirts, Shoes and Stockings for the Army, as soon as 
may be also 

Voted, that the Treasurer give his notes therefor, payable in 
Silver and Gold or Paper at the Current Exchange out of the next 
Tax if there is not a sufficiently [478.] Of the present for that 
purpose, said notes to carry an Interest 

On a Motion Voted, that any Ward which is called upon for a 
greater number of Men than is Agreeable to theire proportion of 
the Publick Taxes, shall be allowed out of the Town Treasurey 
the cost of every Man so levied 

Voted, that the Deliquent Classes or Individuals in a Class 
shall be Taxed fifty p cent over and above the charge of procuring 
their proportion of Men 

Voted, that all Matters and Things which remaine unfinished 
at this Meeting be refferred over to the next Town Meeting then to 
be acted upon 

Then the Meeting was dessolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders, and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legaly Warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fryday the 22 d . Day of 
December Anno Domini 1780. 3. O. Clock Afternoon 
Warrant for calling the Meeting, read 

The Town having determined to choose a Moderator by a hand 
Vote a Nomination was called for and it Appeared that Thomas 
Dawes Esq r . was chosen Moderator of the Meeting 
[479.] Thomas Dawes Esq r . in the Chair 
The Article in the Warrant. Viz'. u To consider and determine 
upon the best and most expeditious Measures for procuring this 
Towns proportion of Beef for the Continental Army as required 
by a Resolve of the General Court passed, the 4 th . December 
Instant was read also the Resolve of the General Court, 
aforementioned whereupon 

Voted, that Caleb Davis Esq r . 

Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Walley 
Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
M r . Samuel Brick 



166 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 
M r . Joseph Barrel 

be a Committee to take this Matter into consideration, and Report 
what they apprehend is the best Measures to be taken as soon as 
may be 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. To Grant such further Sums 
of Money for the purpose of carrying on the Wars " as may 
be Judged necessary was read 

The Committee appointed the 18 Instant " to make enquirey of 
the Town Treasurer and Collectors of Taxes, what Sums are due 
for outstanding Taxes, that are likely to be received " having 
attended that service beg leave to Report 

That they find due to the Several Collectors in this Town, about 
two hundred and forty Thousand Pounds, out of which Sum M r . 
Thompson supposes thirty Thousand Pounds may be soon Col- 
lected by him M r . Simmer about ten Thousand Pounds M r . 
Torrey [48O.] Twenty five Thousand Pounds, and M r . Shaw 
Twenty Thousand Pounds All which is Humbly Submitted 

ISAAC SMITH p Order 

On a Motion, Voted, that the Town Treasurer be impowered to 
imploy an Assistant at the Charge of the Town, to assist in taking 
out a true State of the Treasury to make Report at the Adjourn- 
ment as soon as may be 

Moved and Voted, that the Collectors be directed to exhibit to 
the Committee to enquire of them &c the amount of the Notes 
they have on hand, and what others they are to receive in the Sev- 
eral Wards 

The Committee relative to Persons who are Taxed in other 
Towns as well as this Town Reported Verbally, with respect to 
Col. Sears Tax, whereby it appeared that Col. Sears had paid 
his Taxes both for his Real Estate and Faculty to the Town of 
Roxbury 

Adjourned to the 26 th . of December 3. O. Clock Afternoon 



Tuesday the 26 th of December 3. O. Clock Afternoon met 
according to Adjournment 

Col. Daws in the Chair 

The Committee relative to Beef, being called upon to Report, 
they Acquainted the Town, that they were not able to Report, at 
this Meeting whereupon the Town came into the following Vote 
Viz'. 

[481.] Whereas there is still a difficulty in the Monies Voted 
to he raised for paying this Towns proportion of Beef for the Con- 
tinental Army therefore 

Voted that the Collectors be enjoined to Collect the first Beef 
Tax immediately, and to pay the same into the Treasurery, for 
the sole purpose for procuring said Beef, also 
Voted, that Deacon John Simkins 
M r . Isaac Peirce 
M r . James Bridgham 
be a Committee to waite upon the several Collectors with a Copy 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1780. 167 

of this Vote, and that they Press upon them, the necessity of their 
immediately proceeding in this business 

Moved and Voted, that the Assessors be directed to Attend at 
the Adjournment of this Meeting 

Caleb Davis Esq r . one of the Committee relative to Beef having 
for Reasons which he offered, been excused, from serving further 
on that Committee 

Samuel Barret Esq r . 
was appointed in his room 

Samuel Barrett Esq r . being excused from serving on the Com- 
mittee aforesaid 

Col. Tudor 
was appointed in his room 

On a Motion Voted, that the Town Clerk cause the several 
Committees to be Notified of this intended Adjournment of this 
Meeting 

[482.] Adjourned to Fryday next 3. O'Clock Afternoon 



Fryday December 29 th . 3. O'Clock P: M: Met according to Ad- 
journment 

Col. Dawes, the Moderator being absent and having acquainted 
the Town that he was not able to attend 

Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator 

The Committee Appointed to consider and Report what steps 
are necessary to be taken by the Town, to enable them to comply 
with a Requisition of the General Court of the 4 th . Instant, for 
supplying the Army with 'Beef Reported and in conformity 
to said Report, the following Votes were passed by the Town 
Viz 4 . 

Whereas it is of the utmost importance that the Town should 
forthwith comply with the Requisition of the General Court of the 
4 th . Instant for procuring Beef for the Army and whereas the 
Money cannot be Collected by Taxes in Season to make the neces- 
sary purchases therefore 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and he is hereby impowered 
and directed to borrow a Sum not exceeding Nine thousand Pounds 
lawful Money of the New Emission ; and that Gentelmen of 
Property may be induced more redily and Speedily to advance 
[483.] their Monies, and as an allowance for any inconvenience 
the Person lending may sustain, by hastily raising the same 

Voted, " that the Treasurer be and he hereby is directed to give 
notes upon Interest payable in three Mouths, with an allowance of 
ten per Cent or the Sum lent to be included in the Note, to any 
Person who shall lend the same before the First Day of February 
1781. Said Money to be appropriated soleey for the purpose of 
complying with the requisition of the General Court aforesaid, and 
to prevent any injustice being done, either to the Town or the 
lender 

Voted ; that the Notes given by the Town Treasurer, shall be in 
the form following Viz'. 



168 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

\ 

Boston the 1781 

In pursuance of a vote of the Town Passed the 29 th . December 

1780 Borrowed and Received of the Sum of of the New 

Emission, to enable the Town to comply with a Requisition of the 
General Court of the Fourth of December last to procure Beef for 
the Army, which Sum I Promise in behalf of Myself and Succes- 
sors in the Office of Treasurer to repay said or Bearer in three 

Months from the above date, with Lawfull Interest for the same 
till paid to be made equal in value to the Sum received, in the 
Judgement of the Committee appointed by the Town to determine 
the same also 

Voted, that John Scollay Esq r . 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
M r . Edward Payne 
be a Committee for the Purpose aforesaid 

[484.] And whereas it is of the utmost importance both for 
the Credit of the Town, and for the Security and Satisfaction of 
the Lender, that the Treasurer should be enabled punctually to 
discharge said notes, at the time affixed for payment 

Voted, that the Sum of Nine Thousand pounds lawfull Money 
of the New Emission be immediately Assessed on the Polls and 
Estates of the Inhabitants of this Town, which Sum the Assessors 
are hereby directed to Add to the Tax they are now making 

And whereas it is absolutely necessary that the Money should 
be immediately Collected, to prevent the Town being Subjected 
to a large fine, in case of failure, and that the business may be 
expidited as much as possible 

Voted, that Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
M r . Daniel Bell 
M r . Samuel Brick 
M r . John Coffin Jones 
M r . Edward Payne 
M r . Stephen Bruce 
M r . Herman Brimmer 

be a Committee to apply to the Inhabitants for an immediate 
Loan of Money to the Town for the purposes and on the Condi- 
tions aforesaid also 

Voted, that Cap'. Amasa Davis 
M r . Ebenezer Dorr 
Maj r . John May 

[485.] be a Committee to receive the Monies of the Town Treas- 
urer or such part of it as shall be necessary to enable the Town to 
comply with the requisition aforesaid, and pay the Same to the 
Committee appointed by the General Court to procure supplys for 
the Army, or to their Order, taking duplicate Receipts therefor, 
agreeable to the directions given in said Resolve of the General 
Court also 

Voted, that the Collectors of Taxes be and they hereby are 
directed to receive the Notes given by the Treasurer for the above 
purpose in payment for the Taxes levied to redeem said Notes, 
allowino- the Interest that may be due thereon, and that the Treas- 
urer be and he hereby is directed to receive them of the Collectors 
accordingly in payment for said Tax 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1781. 169 

The Committee relative to Schoolmasters Reported, That their 
Allowances be drawn for by the Selectmen at the same rate for 
the last Six Months, as the preceeding, and that the Committee 
have leave to set again and Report at next March Meeting 

On a Motion Voted, that all Matters unfinished at this Town 
Meeting be referred to the next General Town Meeting 

Moved and Voted, that the Gentelmen the Selectmen be desired 
to apply to the General Court for an explanation of the Act 
relative to Taxes, there being Persons who are Taxed for their 
Faculty in Towns where they reside but do no business 

[486.] Moved that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesday 
next being the Ninth Day of January next, 3. O'Clock Afternoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Tuesday the Ninth Day of January 1781 3. O'Clock After- 
noon Met According to Adjournment 

The Moderators of this Meeting not being able to give their 
attendance at this Adjournment it was moved and Voted, that 
the Town proceed to the choice of a Moderator Pro. Tern . 

Har bottle Dorr Esq r . 

was accordingly chosen Moderator of this Meeting Pro. Tern , and 
took his Seat 

The Committee appointed to procure Subscriptions for the pur- 
chase of Beef for the Army were called upon to make Report, but 
the Town being acquainted, that said .Committee were not able to 
make Report at this Meeting it was moved, and 

Voted, that this Meeting be now dissolved 

And the Meeting was accordingly dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned, in Publick 
[487.] Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuiel Hall on Monday 
the 22 Day of January Anno Domini 1781 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw, and bring in their 
Votes, for a Moderator, and the same having been brought in and 
counted, it appeared that 

Stephen Higgiuson Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator, unanimously 

The Committee appointed to procure Subscriptions for the pro- 
curing Beef for the Army, Reported, whereby it appeared that 
Three Persons only had as yet Subscribed, for the Purpose afore- 
said 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . " To consider and determine 
upon Measures for the immediate obtaining the Towns proportion 
of Beef for the Continental Army to avoid the penalty which will 
otherwise be incurred " was read and after debate had there- 
on, it was moved and 

Voted, that the Report of the Committee be Recommitted, and 
that the Gentelmen of the Committee be desired to Apply to the 



170 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

several Inhabitants of the Town in order to procure such Sums as 
they are disposed to Lend, the Same to be deducted out of their 
respective Taxes for Beef 

Voted, that Cap . William Mackay 

Cap'. Nathaniel Fellows 
be added to the Committee on Subscriptions 

[488.] The A-rticle in the Warrant Viz 1 . " To Grant such 
Sums of Money as may be Judged necessary" was read and 
the further consideration thereof referred 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . " To consider what is proper 
to be done to secure the Town from Fires, to which it is greatly 
exposed at the present season by the want of suitable Chimney 
Sweepers under proper Regulations was read whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and they hereby are Authorised 
and impowered to appoint One or more Suitable Persons for 
Sweeping Chimneys upon such terms and under Such regulations, 
as they shall Judge most for the Interest of the Town and Safety 
of the Inhabitants, the charge of sweeping to be defryed by those 
who shall employ them 

The Committee appointed for Inlisting this Towns proportion 
of Men for the Continental Army Reported Verbally and it Ap- 
peared to be the sense of the Town, that the Committee proceed in 
that business 

Then the Meeting was dessolved 



[489.] At a, Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned, in 
Publick Town Meeting Assembled at Fanueil Hall on Monday the 
5 th . Day of March Anno Domini 1781 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 
John Brown Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator of this Meeting unanimously 

The Committee appointed by the Town the 6 th . of March Last 
to apply to a proper Gentelman to deliver an Oration the 5 th . of 
March Ins', to perpetuate the Memory of the horred Massacre 
perpetrated on the Evening of the 5th March 1770 by a Party 
of Soldiers under the Command of Cap'. Thomas Preston of the 
29 th . Regiment Reported 

That having met several times for the purposes mentioned in the 
Town Vote, that they had unanimously made choice of M r . Thomas 
Daws Jun r . to deliver an Oration on the 5 th . of March Instant who 
had accordingly accepted of that Service 

The foregoing Report having been made, the Question was put 
Whether the same shall be accepted Passed in the Afferma- 
tive 

Upon a Motion the Town took into consideration, what would 
be the best time to have the Oration pronounced, as also what 
place would be most suitable for the purpose whereupon 

[49O.] Voted, that the Oration be delivered at the Old Brick 
Meeting House, the Hall not being capatious enough to receive 
the Inhabitants that attended upon the occasion 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1781. 171 

Voted that Eben r . Hancock Esq r . 

M r . Jouath n . Mason Ju r . 
M r . Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 

be a Committee to wait upon M r . Thomas Dawes and acquaint him 
that it is the desire of the Town, that the Oration may be delivered 
at the Old Brick meeting House 12. O: Clock this Day as also 
to ask leave of the Committee of said Church for the use of that 
Building 

On a Motion Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to Order 
the Several Bells in the Town to be tolled from one quarter of an 
Hour after 9. O. Clock this Evening untill 10. O. Clock 
Adjourned to the Old Brick Meeting House 12. O. Clock 

The Town met at the Old Brick Meeting House 12 O. Clock ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to wait upon M r . Thomas Daws Ju r . 
to acquaint him with the Votes, of the Town, respecting the time 
and Place for the delivery of an Oration Reported 

That said Gentelman was ready to Comply with the Order of 
the Town 

[491.] An Oration, to commemorate the horred Massacre of 
the Fifth of March 1770 and to impress upon the Minds of the 
Citizens, the ruinous tendency of Standing Armies being placed in 
Free and Populous Cities &c. was delivered by M r . Thomas Daws 
Jun r . to a large and crowded Assembly, and received by them 
with great Applause 

On a Motion made Voted, that 

John Brown Esq r . 
John Scollay Esq r . 
M r . Nathan Frazier 
M r . Barret 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 
M r . Tuttle Hubbard 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to wait upon M r . 
Thomas Daws Jun r . and in the name of the Town to thank him 
for the Spirited and elegant Oration delivered by him at their 
request, in commemoration of the horred Massacre perpetrated on 
the Evening of the 5 of March 1770, by a Party of Soldiers, of the 
29 th . Regiment under the Command of Cap'. Thomas Preston, and 
to request of him a Copy thereof, for the Press sent 
On a Motion made, Voted, that 

John Brown Esq r . Moderator 
Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . 
Harbottle Dorr P^sq r . 
M r . Thomas Daws Ju r . 
M r . Jonathan Mason Ju r . 

Ellis Gray Esq r , 

[492.] John Lowell Esq r . 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Apply to a proper 
Gentelman to deliver an Oration on the 5 th . of March next, to 
perpetuate the Memory of the horred Massacre perpetrated on the 



172 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Evening of the 5 th . of March 1770, by a Party of Soldiers of the 
29 th . Regiment, under the Command of Cap'. Thomas Preston ; 
and to impress upon our Minds the runious tendincy of Standing 
Armies being placed in Free and Populas Cities in a time of Peace ; 
and the necessity of such noble Exertions in all future times, as 
the Inhabitants of the Town then made, whereby the Designs of 
the Conspirators against the publick peace, may be still frustrated 
sent 

A Petition of M r . Robert Patterson setting forth "that he re- 
ceived a Wound in his right Ann the 5 March 1770 by a Shot 
from Prestons Party whereby he has entirely lost the use of it ; 
and that Since the Death of M r . Monk he is the only one of the 
unhappy number then badly wounded, that survives," and there- 
fore praying the charity of the Town was read Whereupon 

Voted, that a Collection be made at the close of this Meeting 
for the said unhappy Sufferer ; and Boxes were placed at each 
Door to receive the Collections 

The Collection made for the said M r . Patterson, Amounted to 
the Sum of 

Then the Meeting was dessolved 



[493.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and Other Inhab- 
itants of the Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned, 
in Publick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuiel Hall on Monday 
the 12 th . Day of March Anno Domini 1781 9. OClock Fore- 
noon 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Eckley 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Sundry Laws enjoined to be read at this Meeting, were accord- 
ingly read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, and the same being brought 
in and Sorted it appeared, that 

John Brown Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator 

M r . William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the year ensu- 
ing, and took the Oath of Office for the faithfull discharge of his 
Duty, which Oath was administred by M r . Justice Price 

The Town having determined by a Vote to choose Seven Select- 
men ; the Inhabitants, were then directed to withdraw and bring 
in their Votes for that Number, and the same being brought in 
and Sorted, it appeared that the following Gentelmen Viz 1 . 
[494.] John Scollay Esq r . 

Cap'. Gustavus Fellows 
Harbottle Dorr Esq r . 
M r . Nathan Frazier 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
Cap 1 . William Mackay 
M r . Tuttle Hubbard 
were chosen Selectmen for the Year ensuing 



BOSTOX TOWN EECORDS, 1781. 173 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Nine Persons as a 
Committee of Correspondence Inspection and Safety, and upon 
sorting them it appeared that 

Nathaniel Barber Esq r . 
Edward Proctor Esq r . 
Cap 1 . John Pulling 
Ebenezer Hancock Esq r 
Cap'. Isaac Phillips 
Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 
Maj r . Thomas Melville 
Jonathan Mason Ju r . 
M r . Christopher Clark 

were chose a Committee of Correspondence &c for the year ensu- 
ing 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for twelve Overseers of 
the Poor, and upon sorting them it appeared that 
The Hon ble . William Phillips Esq r . 
Isaac Smith Esq r . 
M r . Jonathan Mason 
Cap'. Samuel Partridge 
M r . Samuel Whitwell 
[495.] M r . John White 

Edward Proctor Esq r . 
William Powell Esq r . 
M r . Jonathan Sweetser Ju r . 
Samuel Barret Esq r . 
M r . Nicholas Bowes 
Joseph Webb Esq r . 
were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for twelve Wardens, 
and upon sorting them it appeared, that 
Mess. Robert Davis 
Stephen Gore 
Major Thomas Bumstead 
John Champney 
Samuel Wallis 
Habijah Savage 
John Wait 
Nathaniel Barret 
Edward Wild 
Samuel Eliot Jun r . 
Edward Edes 
Jncob Holland 
were chosen Wardens for the Year ensuing 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Sixteen Fire Wards, 
and upon sorting them it appeared, that 
John Scollay Esq r . 
William Cooper 
Francis Shaw Esq r . 
Edward Procter Esq r . 
[496.] Cap 1 . John Pulling 

Caleb Davis Esq r . 



174 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Tileston 
Andrew Syniras Esq r . 
Cap'. Gustavus Fellows 
Joseph Webb Esq r . 
Cap'. John Ballard 
M r . John Winthrop 
M r . John Lowell 
Maj r . Thomas Melville 
Jabez Hatch Esq r . 
were chose Fire Wards for the Year ensuing 

On a Motion Voted, that the Choice of a County Treasurer 
and a County Register, be Assigned to 4. O. Clock Afternoon 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for a Town Treasurer 
aud upon sorting them it appeared that David Jeffries was chosen, 
Town Treasurer for the Year ensuing, unanimously 

On a Motion, Voted, that the Question Whether Collectors of 
Taxes shall be chosen Seperate from Constables be considered 
at past 4. OClock in the Afternoon 

Voted, that the Constables of the Town be desired to enform 
the Town at past 4 OClock Afternoon, what they apprehend to 
be the Towns proportion of Fines, which are due from the several 
Justices 

[497.] On a Motion Voted, that the Question Whether 
Collectors of Taxes shall be chosen seperate from Constables 
be considered at / 

Moved and Voted that the choice of Assessors be postponed to 
5. 0. Clock Afternoon 

Adjourned to 3. O. Clock in the Afternoon 

3 O'Clock. P: M: Met according to Adjournm*. 

Maj r . Edward Carnes 

was chosen a Surveyer of Hemp for the Year ensuing 
Mess. Benjamin Page 

John Stutson 

Moses May 

John Lambert 

Joseph Ballard 

Uriah Norcross 

Benjamin White 

Joseph Butler 

Samuel Fenno 

Henry Blaisdel 

John Champney 

Thomas Bayley 

Edward Ranger 

John Bell 

Abraham Howard 

Samuel Dellaway 

Jonathan Stoddard 

Thomas Uran 
were chose Surveyors of Boards for the year ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1781. 175 

Mess". William Clough 
Joseph Daniels 
Samuel Dyer 

[498.] Nathaniel Wales 

William Brown 

were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing 
Mess". Samuel Bangs 
Nathan Green 
Samuel Curtis 
Isaac Bird 
were chose Sealers of Leather for the ensuing Year 

M r . Adam Colson 

was chosen an Informer of Deer for the Year ensuing 
Mess". David Spear 

Manassah Masters 
Joseph Spear 
John Williston 
Joshua Pico 
Samuel Heyley 
William Raynard 
John Owen 
Samuel Avis 
Caleb Hayden 
Israel Cook 

were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing 
Mess ra . George Hamlin 
Samuel Curtis 
Joseph Snelling 

were chose Hogreeves for the ensuing Year 
Mess". George Hamlin 

Isaac Tuckerman 
were chose Haywards for the ensuing Year 

Ward. 

[499.] Mess". Samuel Clough N. 1 

John Lambert 2 

James Sherman 3 

John Cogswell 4 

John Dinsdell ------ 5 

John Welch - 6 

William Peake ------ 7 

David Burrel 8 

Elisha Sigorney ;. --. - - - 9 

Andrew Oliver 10 

William Fallass ----- n 
Charles Simpson ----- 12 

were chose Scavingers for the ensuing Year 

Votes, for a County Treasurer, brought in and being sealed up 

in Town Meeting were delivered to M r . Constable Colson to be by 

him returned to the Court of General Sessions of the Peace, at 

tlieir next Meeting 

Votes, for a County Register, brought in and being sealed up 

in Town Meeting were delivered to M r . Constable Colson, to be by 



176 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

him returned to the Court of General Sessions of the Peace at 
their next Meeting 

On a Motion Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby 
is impowered and directed to allow the Overseers of the Poor 
Interest as, usual on all Suras that have or may be Advanced by 
them, for the Support of the Almshouse 

Moved, that a Committee be appointed to consider the present 
Condition of the Almshouse to enquire what part of the Monies 
appropriated for the [5OO.] Support of the Almshouse has been 
received, and to devise tlie best means, for a timely and regular 
supply, and to Report at the Adjournment the Question being 
accordingly put Passed in the Affermative 
Voted, that Ellis Gray Esq r . 

M r . Joseph Barrel 
M r . Joseph Russel 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

This being the time Assigned for taking up the Question 
Viz'. Whether Collectors shall be chosen seperate from Constables 
after debate had thereon It was moved and carried that the 
further consideration of this matter subside for the present 

On a Motion of M r . Grays, Voted, that a Committee of Ways 
and Means be appointed, who shall take into consideration the 
State of the Towns Finances, the present mode of Assessing and 
Collecting their Taxes, and to Report as soon as may be such 
alterations as they Judge expedient 
Voted, that Ellis Gray Esq r . 
John Lowell Esq r 
John Brown Esq r . 
M r . Leonard Jarvis 
Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
M r . Edward Payne 
Nathaniel Barret 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

On a Motion, the Question was put Viz'. Whether the present 
mode of Assessing be agreeable [5O1.] passed in the Nega- 
tive also on a Motion the Question was put. Viz'. Whether 
the present mode of Collecting the Taxes, Assessed, be Agreea- 
ble Passed in the Negative 

Cap 1 . Fellows one of the Selectmen chosen at this Meeting hav- 
ing in Writing prayed that he might be excused from serving in 
that Office, the Present year it was moved and carried, that the 
consideration of this request be referred to the Adjournment 

This being the time Assigned for making enquirey of the Con- 
stables, with respect to the Towns proportion of Fines which the 
Justices received and are accountable for this matter was taken 
up whereupon a Motion, was made, and carried *'that a Com- 
mittee be now appointed, to make enquirey what Monies may be 
due to the Town from the Justices, as the Towns proportion of 
Fines and Forfitures also 

Voted, that M r . Joseph Barrel 
D r . Charles Jarvis 
M r . Joseph Russell 
be a Committee for said purpose to Report as soon as may be 



BOSTON TOWN KECOKDS, 1781. 177 

It was moved, that this Meeting he Adjourned to to Morrow 
Morning 10. O'Clock 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 



Tuesday March 13 th . 10. O'Clock Before noon Met according 
to Adjournment 

[5O2.] Information having been been given to this Meeting 
that two Persons were got to Town from Philadelphia with large 
quantities of Paper Moneys which they had offered to exchange 
for Silver at upwards of one hundred for one, when the common 
exchange is but Seventy five for one whereupon it was moved 
and Voted, 

That the Committee of Correspondence Inspection and Safety 
for the Town of Boston be directed to send for those Persons, and 
have them under examination, in order to their being dealt with 
as the Safety of this and the other United States require 

A Letter from the Committee of the Town of Stoughton to the 
Selectmen of Boston relative to meeting in a proposed Convention, 
with respect to the Tender Act so called, lately repealed was laid 
before the Town by the Selectmen 

The following Persons were chose Clerks of the Market for the 
Year ensuing Viz 1 . 

Mess : Joseph Roby 
Thomas Clark 
James Morrel 
Nathaniel Fosdick 
Thomas Newell 
James Carrew 
William Smith 
William Gooch 
Pepperal Tyler 
Joseph Winthrop 
[5O3.] Nathan Bond 

Thomas Coverly Vei non 
Voted, that Ellis Gray Esq r . 

Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . 
Ebenezer Storer Esq r . 
M r . Herman Brimmer 
M r . Joseph Barrel 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Accompts 
of David Jeffries Esq r . Treasurer and also the Accompts of the 
Overseers of the Poor ; and the said Committee are impowered 
when they shall Audit said Accounts to allow such of the Over- 
seers as have Advanced Monies for the relief of the Poor, 
Interest on all such Sums from the time so Advanced, untill they 
shall have Audited said Accounts ; and they are also desired to 
Report from Time to time a State of the Treasurey respecting its 
debts and credits, and on any Matters they may think proper 

And the Committee are also directed to examine the Draughts 
of the Selectmen 

M r . Wallis chosen one of the Wardens for the Year ensuing 



178 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

having desired the Town to excuse him from serving in that 
Office he was accordingly excused 

On a Motion made, it was Voted that the further consideration of 
the Excuses made for not serving as Wardens be referred to the 
Adjournment 

The Selectmen 

were chose Surveyors of High Ways for the Year ensuing 
[5O4.] Jonathan Williams Esq r . 

Mr. John Sweetser Jun r . 
MJ. John White 

were chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, and they 
are desired and impowered to give aU needfull directions to the 
Keeper of the Granary respecting the quantity of Grain to be sold, 
and affixing the prices thereof from time to time as occasion shall 
require ; and the said Committee are directed to cause all the 
Grain belonging to the Town to be ground at the new Mills near 
the Mill Bridge 

John Tudor Esq r . 
John Lucas Esq r . 
M r . John White 
M r . James Thwing 
M r . John Sweetser 

were chose Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing 
Mess re . Thomas Green 

Benjamin Thompson 
were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that the consideration of Sch.oolmasters Salaries and 
Grants, be referred over to May Meeting 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . What Lands shall be improved 
by the Town the present Year for the raising of Vegitables was 
read, whereupon 

Voted, John Lucas Esq r . 

Cap 1 . Job Prince. Sen 1 . 
M r . John Lowell 

[5O5.] be a Committee to take this Article into considera- 
tion, and Report at the Adjournment of this Meeting 

It was moved that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesday next, 
the 20 th of March Ins 1 . 9. OClock Before Noon 
And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Tuesday March 20 th . 9. OClock Forenoon Met according to 
Adjournment 

Mess". John Bulfinch 

Clement Collins Jun r . 
were chose Surveyors of Boards for the year ensuing 

The Address of the General Assembly of this Commonwealth 
to the Inhabitants of the Same relative to Money Matters &c. was 
distinctly read in this Meeting 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . To consider what is neces- 
sary to be done for the accommodation of the Youth of the South 
part of the Town with a Schoolhouse in the room of one consumed 
by Fire was read and considered whereupon, it was Voted, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1781. 179 

that the Selectmen be directed and impowered to apply to the 
General Assembly of this Commonwealth at their next Sessions, 
for the use of a Room in the Manufactory House so called, for 
the accomodation of the Youth of the South part of the Town 
with a School in the room of one lately consumed by Fire 

The Comittee appointed by the Town to [5O6.J consider 
of the present method of Assessing and Collecting Taxes &c have 
attended that Service and Report that upon enquiring they find 
the Expence of Assessing and Collecting the State, County and 
Town Taxes for the last Year was nearly equal to all the Other 
Town Charges put together that in order to ease the Inhabitants 
who are necessarily burthened with heavy Taxes to carry on the 
War they propose a new mode comprised in the following Votes 
for the consideration of the Town 

Voted that there be two discreat men in each Military ward 
chosen to Assess, such State County and Town'Taxes as may be 
ordered the ensuing Year, on the Inhabitants that live in those 
Wards respectively and one other Person in each Ward to Collect 
the Same 

Voted, that neither the Assessors nor Collectors shall receive 
any pay for their Servicies save the thanks and Gratitude of their 
fellow Citizens 

Voted, that in all cases where the Assessors for want of Valua- 
tions are Oblidged to Doom, they shall have a right to advise with 
those whom they think Proper, as to the Circumstances of the 
Persons to be doomed 

Voted, That when the Assessors have compleated the Estima- 
tions for their Respective Wards, it shall be their duty to convene 
and go over the several Estimations in order to rectify any Errors 
that may appear in them and to see that they have [5O7.] all 
adopted the same Standard in forming their Estimates and hav- 
ing done this to see how much in the pound, the Tax to be As- 
sessed turns out upon the whole Capital of the Town, and by that 
Rule to Assess the Inhabitants in their Respective Wards 

Voted, That the Books of the Assessors shall be open to the 
Inspection of any Person who wants to see the amount of An- 
others Tax or the principales on which the Assesment is founded 

Voted, that as soon as the Assessors for anv Ward have Com- 
pleated their Assesment they shall send Tax Bills printed in the 
usual Form to the Inhabitants of that Ward, and the Collectors 
shall within days after the delivery of said Tax Bills, de- 
liver to the Constables, an attested List of all those Persons, 
who have not paid their Taxes or any Part thereof and it shall 
be the duty of the said Constables, or Collectors, immediately to 
Collect the same by Distraint or otherwise as may be necessary, 
for which purpose they shall have a Warrant from the Assessors, 
and be allowed a premium of 5 p Cent on all Sums which they 
shall so collect And whereas great Advantages, will arise to the 
Publick from the Taxes being early and punctually paid in 

Voted, That the Collectors be and they hereby are directed 
and impowered to deduct 5 p Cent from the Amount of the Tax 
Bills of all those Persons who shall within Forty Days after the 
Date of the same pay in their Taxes to the Constables 



180 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

[5O8.] And the Committee prayed leave to Report further 

The foregoing Report having been read after some debate, it 
was Voted, that said Report be taken up by paragraphs 

The Paragraph's of said Report having been distinctly read and 
considered the Five First of the same were Accepted 

Adjourned to 3 O. Clock in the Afternoon 

3 O. Clock P: M: met according to Adjournment 
Mess". John Gammel sworn 

James Rogers 
were chose Surveyors of Boards, for the Year ensuing 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . " To consider the request of 
Nathan Frazier, that the Monies he has Advanced for the Town, 
for severall years past may be repaid him " was read, whereupon 
Voted, that M r . Joseph Russell 
Ezekiel Price 
Stephen Higginson Esq r . 

be a Committee to consider this request and Report the Sum that 
may be due to him at the Adjournment 

The Report of the Committee on Ways and Means again taken 
up, and after considerable debate had thereon it was moved and 
carried that the Report be recommitted at large, notwithstanding 
five paragraphs thereof have been Accepted the Committee to 
Report at the Adjournment of this Meeting 
[5O9.] On a Motion. Voted, that 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
Col. Tudor 
be added to said Committee 

On a Motion, Voted, that a Commitee be now appointed to Join 
the Assessors in preparing an Abstract that may serve for taking 
the Valuation in this Town, to lay before the General Court 
Voted, that Col. Dawes 

M r . Joseph Barrel 
Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
M r . Leonard Jarvis 
Isaac Smith Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid sent 

The Committee relative to the Fees due from some Justices, to 
this Town as its part of Fines by them received Reported ver- 
bally, whereupon it was moved and Voted, that The Town 
Treasurer be directed to wait upon the several Justices and ac- 
quaint them that it is the expectation of the Town that they 
immediatley settle with him for the Towns proportion of Fines re- 
ceived by them 

Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 

Added to the Committee on Ways and Means in the room of M r . 
Gray, who is prevented by Sickness from attending the Committee 
The Committee to consider the expediency of improving Land 
in this Town for the raising Vegitables the present Year. Re- 
ported, that in their [51O.] Opinion ; it would be for the Advan- 
tage of the Town to improve the Land at West Boston for the 
raising: Vegetables 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1781. 181 

Adjourned to Monday next being the 22 Day of March Instant, 
9. O'Clock Forenoon 

Monday the 26. Day of March 9. O. Clock Forenoon Met ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

Voted, that 

Cap'. Job Prince Sen r . 
M r . Isaac Pierce 
M r Rouse 

M r . Jeremiah Belknap 

be a Committee to improve the Land, at West Boston for the 
raising of Vegitables, which were improved for that Purpose the 
last year, and so much more land as can be obtained on the same 
conditions with last as the Committee may Judge to be for the 
Interest and benefit of the Town 

The Article in the Warrant. Viz*. " To consider whether the 
Town will Lease or make sale of any part of their Lands on the 
Neck agreeable to the request of several of the Inhabitants " 
whereupon it was moved and Voted, that the consideration of this 
Article be referred to 4. O. Clock. Afternoon 

On a Motion, Voted, the consideration of Cap'. Bradfords Peti- 
tion come on, immediately after the consideration of the forego- 
ing Article 

[511.] The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . "To consider 
whether the Town will allow the same premium to those who have 
advanced Monies for the Purchase of Cloathing for the Army as 
they have to such as have done it for the procuring of Buef " 
was read and considered whereupon 

Voted, that the. same Premium of ten per Cent be allowed those 
Persons who have advanced Monies for the Town for the procur- 
ing Cloathing for the' Continental Army as was allowed those who 
lent their Monies for the procuring Beef 

The Town Treasurer, Reported to the Town that Agreeable to 
their directions he had applied to the Justices for a settlement of 
the Towns part of the Fi-nes which they had received that M r . 
Justice Gardner haid paid Eight hundred Dollars on Account of 
said, Fines and that when their Accounts against the Town were 
allowed by the Selectmen, they would settle with him for the 
Fines they had received Whereupon it was moved and Voted, 
that the Town Treasurer should again apply to the Justices, and 
demand a particular account of the Towns part of the Fines by 
them received 

The Committee appointed to make full enquirey into the Affairs 
of the Town respecting debts and Credits have attended that ser- 
vice and according to information of the Town Treasurer find the 
Town indebted to sundry Persons as p List herewith rendered 
from the year 1762 to 1776 including - - - 8083 5 Of 
Ballances due in - - - 1777 - - - - 2980 - 10 

ditto in 1778 - - - - 3678 7 10 

[512.] Ballance due in 1779 - ... 13299 19 3 
Ballance due to May 20 th . 1780 - - - - 33335 11 3 



the whole exclusive of Interest Amounting to 61,377. 4. 2f 



182 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

The Committee have also received from the Treasurer a List of 
Debts due from sundry Persons to the Town which together with 
a List of expenditures, as aiso a List of Rents from the Selectmen 
are herewith respectfully Submitted 

JOSIAH WATERS JuN r . p order 

The foregoing Report having been read together with the 
Lists referred to in the Report, it was moved and Voted, that a 
Committee to assist and advise the Town Treasurer in settling 
Accompts and Collecting the debts due to the Town as by a List 
on file, and that the Treasurer be and hereby is impowered to 
hire a suitable Person as a Clerk for so long a time as he and the 
Committee may Judge to be necessary also 
Voted, that Col. Waters 

M r . Joseph Russell 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

The Committee relative to ways and Means, Reported, where- 
upon it was moved and Voted, that the Report be taken up at 
3. O.'Clock Afternoon 

Adjourned to 3. O'Clock in the Afternoon 



3 O'Clock, Afternoon Met according to Adjournment 

[513.] The Report of the Committee relative to Ways and 
Means, again taken up at large, and after considerable debate 
had thereon, it was moved and carried, that the same be further 
considered paragraph by paragraph 

The foregoing Report having been considered by paragraphs 
and amended by the Town, the same was reduced to the follow- 
ing Votes, which were passed bv a Majority of the Inhabitants. 
Viz'. 

Voted, that there be twentj' four discreat Men, two out of each 
Military Ward, chosen as Assessors the ensuing Year to levy 
and Assess upon the Polls and Estates of the Inhabitants of 
the Town and other Persons, doing business therein all such 
Commonwealth County and Town Taxes as may be ordered, said 
Assessors to be under oath as the Law directs 

Voted, that it is the undoubted right of every Inhabitant to 
inspect the Books of the Assessors, and be informed of the 
principles upon which any Assessments are made, and the Assess- 
ors are directed to conform accordingly 

Voted, that the Assessors aforesaid shall be entitled to no 
pecuniary reward for the services aforesaid 

Voted, that in all cases where the Assessors for want of 
Valuations are oblidged to doom, they shall have a right to advise 
with those whom they think proper as to the circumstances of the 
Persons to be so doomed 

[514.] Voted, that where the Assessors have compleated the 
estimations for their respective Wards, it shall be their duty to 
convene and go over the several estimations in order to rectify 
any Errors that may happen in them, and to see that they have all 
adopted the same standard in forming their Estimates, and having 
done this to see how much in the pound the Tax to be Assessed 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1781. 183 

turns out, upon the whole Capital of the Town, and by that rule 
to Assess the Inhabitants in their respective Wards 

Several of the foregoing Votes or parts of the Report of the 
Committee reconsidered 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are impowered and 
directed to set for such Abatement of Taxes, as they shall Judge 
reasonable, ten days next following the date and delivery of the 
Tax Bills, Lords Days excepted, and no longer, saving that they 
be allowed to set two Days the last Week in February for the 
Abatement of the Taxes of such Persons as had not an opper- 
tunity of applying in the above limitted time, by reason of their 
being out of the Commonwealth, or any other unavoidable hin- 
drance ; at which time the}' are also allowed and impowered to 
abate the Taxes of such Persons as may have died Insolvent 
before the said time 

Adjourned to Thursday next 10. O'Clock Before Noon 

Thursday the 29 th . of March 10. O'Clock P: M: Met according 
to Adjournment 

[515.] On a Motion made the Question was put Viz*. 
Whether Collectors of Taxes shall be chose seperate from Con- 
stables Passed in the Affermative 

The Petition of Cap'. John Bradford for an abatement of his 
Taxes, was read, and considered, whereupon it was moved and 
carried, that the said Petitioner have leave to withdraw his 
Petition 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. To consider whether the 
Town will Lease or make Sale of any part of their Land on the 
Neck, Agreeable to the request of several of the Inhabitants." 
was again read, and after some debate bad thereon It was 
moved and Seconded, that a Committee be now appointed to take 
this matter into further consideration ; and to Report their 
Opinion to the Town as soon as may be And the Question 
being accordingly put Passed in the Affermative 

It was moved and passed that this Committee consist of Nine 
Persons 

Voted that Deacon Sharp 

Harbottle Dorr Esq r . 
Col. Andrew Symms 
Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
Cap'. John Ballard 
John Lucas Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Parker 
Col. Barbei- 
William Story Esq r . 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid to Report to the Town as 
soon as may be 

Adjourned to Fryday next 10. O'Clock Beforenoon 

[516.] Fryday March 30 th . 10 O. 'Clock Forenoon Met ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

John Brown Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting acquainted 



184 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

the Town that his health would not allow him to attend his duty 
this Day as Moderator 

The Inhabitants were therefore directed to withdraw and bring 
in their Votes for a Moderator of the Meeting Pro. Tern . And 
the Votes being accordingly brought in and sorted, it appeared 
that 

John Tudor Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator Pro. Tern . 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for four Wardens. 

The Bells ringing for Fire, before the Votes were brought in, a 
Motion was made that the Meeting be Adjourned to 3. O. Clock 
Afternoon and the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

3 O'Clock Afternoon, Met according to Adjournment 
The Inhabitants were again directed to withdraw and bring in 
their Votes for four Wardens ; and the same having been brought 
in and sorted it appeared, that 

Mess. Elisha Sigorney excused 

Joseph Prince 
Israiel Loring 

G. W. Speakman excused 

were chosen Wardens for the ensuing Year 

[517.] It was moved and Voted, that when this Meeting is 
Adjourned; it shall be to toMorrow. 9. OClock Forenoon also 
Voted, that the Cryer be directed to inform the Inhabitants of 
the Adjournment and that he be furnished by the Town Clerk with 
a written Notification also that the several Sextons be directed 
to ring the Bells of the Several Churches at the intended Adjourn- 
ment 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for twelve Constables, and the same being brought in and 
sorted, it appeared that 

Mess. Edward Tuckerman excused 

Jonathan Amory d. 

John Read d. 

Benjamin Clark d. 

Joseph Barrel d. 

John Welch d. 

"William Clark d. 

Mungo Mackay d. 

Ellis Gray d. 

Samuel Eliot d. 

Daniel Parker d. 

Thomas Adams d. 

were chosen Constables for the Year ensuing 

Cap'. Robert Davis having desired the Town to excuse him_ 
from serving as a Warden the ensuing Year he was accordingly 
excused 

M r . Stephen Gore chosen one of the Wardens for the Year 
ensuing having desired to be excused from serving [518.] in that 
Office he was accordingly excused by the Town 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1781. 185 

Voted, that this Meeting be now Adjourned according to the 
Vote already passed ; and it was accordingly Adjourned 

Saturday the 31 Day of March, 9. O'Clock Forenoon met 
according to Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz' : To consider whether the 
Town will Lease the North Battery for a long term " was read, 
and after some debate, it was moved and carried, that the further 
consideration of this Article be referred 

The Inhabitants were then directed to withdraw, and bring iii 
their Votes for four Wardens and the same having been 
brought in and sorted it appeared that 
Mess r8 . John Larkin 
Samuel Avis 
Hopestill Foster 
Nath 1 . Sheppard 
were chose Wardens for the ensuing Year 

Mess : Edward Tuckerman Jonathan Amory, John Read, 
Beuj a . Clark, Joseph Barrell, John Welch, Mungo Mackay, 
Ellis Gra} r , Samuel Eliot, Daniel Parker and Thomas Adams, 
chosen Constables for the ensuing Year, having desired the Town 
to excuse them from serving in that Office they were accordingly 
excused 

[519.] It being moved that the 1 st . Vote of the Report of 
the Committee on Ways and Means for choosing twenty four 
Assessors, be now reconsidered, and that Seven Assessors only 
be now chosen, the Question was accordingly put, and passed in 
the Affermative 

It was also moved that the 3 d . Vote, in said Report, relative to 
the Assessors not being allowed a precuniary reward for their Ser- 
vicies in that Office be now reconsidered and set aside and the 
Question being accordingly put Passed in the Affermative 

The Inhabitants were then directed to bring in their Votes for 
seven Assessors, and the same being brought in and sorted, it 
appeared that only four were chosen Viz 4 . 
Mess. William Lowder 
Samuel Downe 
Samuel Ruggles Esq 
Bartholomew Kneeland 

The Inhabitants as directed, brought in their Votes for three 
Assessors and the same toeing sorted it appeared, that 

Gyles Harris Esq r . excused. 

Moses May 
Samuel Dyer 

were chosen Assessors for the Year ensuing 
Adjourned to 3. O'Clock in the Afternoon 

3. O'Clock P: M: met according to Adjournment 

On a Motion made Voted, that the last Vote in the Report of 

the Committee on Ways and Means be reconsidered and set aside 

[52O.] Voted, that two and one half p Cent, be and hereby 

is allowed to the Persons that shall be chose Collectors of Taxes for 

the year ensuing, on all such Sums of Money as they shall Collect, 



186 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

provided they pay the same into the Several Treasuries before the 
second Monday in March 1782 which Premium appears to be a 
Just and equitable and an ample allowance to the Collectors, to 
encourage them to discharge their duty with diligence and fidelity ; 
provided also that each of said Collectors give Bond with Suffi- 
cient Sureties to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen for the faithfull 
discharge of their duty in said Office, and complying with this 
Vote 

Voted, that the Collectors of Taxes be and they hereby arc 
directed and impowered to deduct five p cent from the Amount of 
the Town Tax, on the Tax Bills of all those Persons who shall 
within forty Days after the date of the same pay in their Town 
Taxes to said Collectors, and that this be noted on the Tax Bill 
also 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed and impowered to 
allow the deduction of the Five p. Cent aforesaid made by the 
Collectors as aforesaid provided they pay the same within five 
Days after the expiration of the forty 

The Town having determined to Choose four Collectors of 
Taxes for the year ensuing ; the Inhabitants were desired to 
withdraw and bring in their Votes accordingly, and the same 
having been brought in and sorted, it appeared, that 
[521.] Francis Shaw Esq r . 

M r . Benjamin Sumner Juu r . 
M r . Thomas Bayley 
M r . James Thompson 
were chosen Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for 12 Constables, in the room of those who were chosen in 
the Forenoon & declined, serving and the same having been 
brought in and sorted, it appeared, that 

Mess. Samuel Whitney (sworn) 

John Ballard ----- excused 

William Fallass d. 

John Cogswell ----- d. 

Jacob Edes d. 

John Woart d. 

Nathaniel Cobbit d. 

Benjamin Clarke d. 

John Rice - d. 

Jeremiah Belknap - - - - d. 

Shubaiel Hews d. 

Elijah Marsh d. 

were chosen 

Adjourned to Monday next being the 2 d . Day of April. 
3. O.Clock Afternoon 

Monday the 2 d . Day of April. 3. O.Clock Afternoon Met 
according to Adjournment 

M r . Jeremiah Belknap 
M r . John Rice 
Cap'. John Ballard 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1781. 187 

M r . John Cogswell 
[522.] M r . Jacob Edes 

M r . John Woart 
M r . Elijah Marsh 
M r . Shubael Hewes 
M r . William Fallass 
M r . Benjamin Clark 

having desired the Town to excuse them from serving in the 
Office of Constables to which they had been chosen at the last 
Meeting they were accordingly excused 

Upon, the Inhabitants being directed to withdraw and bring in 
their Votes for ten Constables in the room of those which have 
been excused a Motion was made and carried, that the choice 
of Constables be referred to the Adjournment 

Gyles Harris Esq r , having in writing excused himself from 
serving as an Assessor, it was Moved & 

Voted, that the choice of an Assessor in the room of M r . Harris 
who has resigned, be referred over to the Adjournment of this 
Meeting 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. Whether the Town will Lease 
the North Battery for a long term " was read whereupon it was 
moved and Voted that a Committee be now appointed to consider 
this Article and to confer with any Person disposed to purchase or 
Lease the Estate, and to Report at the Adjournment what they 
Apprehend will be for the Interest of the Town to be done 
thereon also 

Voted, that Deacon Sharp 

M r . Ebenezer Dorr 
Col. Symms 

[523.] Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

Cap 1 . John Ballard 
John Lucas Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Parker 
Col. Nathaniel Barber 
William Storey Esq r . 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid sent 
The Article in the Warrent. Viz 4 . 

To consider of the Petition of a Number of the Inhabitants, 
that such Measures may be taken as may most effectually dis- 
countenance an illicit & Careful trade with the Enemies of the 
United States " -was read, whereupon it was Moved, and Voted, 
that a Committee be now appointed to take this Matter into con- 
sideration, and Report at the Adjournment of this Meeting, what 
they apprehend may be best to be done thereon also 

Voted, that the Committee of Correspondence & Inspection & 
Safety, be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid. 

Moved, that the foregoing Votes for choosing a Committee, to 
consider the Article in the Warrant relative to an illicit trade, be 
reconsidered, and that the consideration of this matter be referred 
to the Adjournment 

The Question being accordingly put Passed in the Affirmative 
On a Motion. Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed to ac- 



188 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

quaint the Justices, that a particular Account of the Towns pro- 
portion of Fines, [524.] Received by them, will be expected 
from them by the Adjournment 

Moved & Voted, that the late Constables be desired to con- 
tinue their good services in that Office, till other Constables are 
chosen and Sworn into that Office ; and that the}- be desired to favor 
the Town, with a List of such suitable Persons as they apprehend 
would willingly Serve the Town as Constables the Year ensuing ; 
at the Adjournment of this Meeting 

It was moved that this Meeting be now Adjourned to Wednes- 
day the 11 th Day of April, 10. O'Clock & Before Noon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 



Wednesday the 11 th . Day of April 10. O'Clock Forenoon 
Met according to Adjournment 

M r . Nathaniel Cobbit appeared and having desired the Town 
to excuse him from serving as a Constable into which Office he 
was lately chosen he was accordingly excused 

The Inhabitants were directed to bring in their Votes for 
eleven Constables ; and the same being brought in and sorted, it 
appeared that 

Mess rs , John Doake ----- excused 

Josiah Simpson (sworn) 

John Hewes excused 

Alexander Me. Cloud. (sworn) 

[525.] ElkanahHayden - - - - (sworn) 

John Mc.Fadden - - - - excused 

Benjamin Vezie ------ d. 

William Baxter 

William Rogers (sworn) 

William Ballard excused 

Edward Jones d. 

were chose Constables for the ensuing Year 

The Committee relative to Leasing the North Battery Report 
as follows Viz'. 

That they have Attended the service, and having fully viewed 
the North Battery are fully of Opinion that it will be for the 
interest of the Town to sell the same for the Most it will fetch 
that to form some estimate of the value they are of Opinion, that 
some suitable Persons, who are proper Judges should make an 
estimate thereof to enable the Persons appointed to sell the same 
to form some Judgement of the value, the Committee beg leave to 
purpose to the Town whether it would not be best to give the pur- 
chaser liberty to pay for the same in three payments they have 
conversed with M r . Jones who seems inclined to purchase 

GIBBINS SHARP p order 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered, where- 
upon the Question was put Viz'. "Whether the same shall be 
accepted Passed in the Affermative 

[526.] Voted, that the Selectmen be served with a Copy of 
the foregoing Vote, and that they be and hereby are Authorised 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1781. 189 

and impowered to make Sale of said Estate in such manner as 
they shall Judge most for the interest of the Town 

sent 

The Committee appointed to consider the expediency of 
Leasing or making Sale of any part of the Towns Land on the 
Neck Reported, and After considerable debate had thereon it 
was moved and Voted, that the same be recommitted, and that the 
Committee take into consideration the terms of the late M r . Sutten 
Byles Lease of part of those Lands, as also the best method to 
di-fend the Neck from the incroachments of the Sea, and to 
Report to the Town as soon as may be 

The Town Treasurer laid before the Town a Letter from M r . 
Justice Gardner acquainting them with the State of the Fines he 
had received from M r . Justice Greenleaff 

The Overseers of the Poor, having represented to the Town that 
they were in such want of Money, that unless they are furnished 
with some immediatley they must open the Almshouse Doors to 
let the Poor out whereupon 

Voted, that Samuel Ruggles Esq r , be a Committee to enquire of 
the Treasurer what immediate provision it is in his power to make 
for the supply of the Almshouse 

[527.] Adjourned to 3. O'Clock in the Afternoon 

3 O. Clock Afternoon met according to Adjournment 

M r . John Hews desired to be excused from serving as a Consta- 
ble the present Year and he was accordingly excused by the 
Town 

M r . Benjamin Vezie desires to be excused from serving as a 
Constable the present year and he was accordingly excused 

The Letter of M r . Justice Greenleaf and the Account of M r . 
Justice Greenleaf laid before the Town by the Treasurer were 
both read whereupon 

Voted, that said Letter & Account be referred to the Committee 
appointed to make enquiry, and that said Committee appointed be 
desired to call upon the Executor's of the Will of the late Justice 
Pemberton deceased for the Towns proportion of Fines which had 
been received by said Justice 

The Committee appointed to enquire of the Town Treasurer 
what Sums he could furnish for the supply of the Almshouse 
Reported, that having made the enquirey directed, they were in- 
formed by the Treasurer, that he had not any Monies in his hands, 
& therefore should not be Able to supply any Monies, except the 
Collectors should bring in of what they have to Collect that of 
the five hundred thousand pounds granted [528. J in November 
last, no more than fifty two thousand had as yet been received 
by him into the Treasurey 

The Gentlemen the Overseers of the Poor having represented 
in a Most affecting Manner, the present suffering and almost 
perishing circumstances of the Poor in the Almshouse, and the 
Necessity of an immediate and Adequate supply of Money to 
enable them to provide for their support and to prevent what 
must Otherwise unadvoidably take place Viz*. The opening the 



190 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

doors of the Almshouse, that such of those unhappy Sufferers as 
are able to walk out may from door to door seek such relief of 
their compassionate and Christian Townsmen as might save them 
from perishing ; and the Town having taken this representation 
into their Serious consideration 

Voted, that a Committee be appointed in each Ward to raise 
by Subscription of the several Inhabitants, a sum not exceed- 
ing two thousand Pounds in Silver or Current Money equivilent 
for the immediate supply of the Almshouse, and that the Chair- 
man of the respective Wards, shall receive the Subscriptions and 
return the Money subscribed together with the Subscription paper 
to the Town Treasurer who shall furnish the respective Collectors 
of Taxes with Attested Copies of the Same in order to their de- 
ducting said Sums out of the [529.] Taxes of the respective 
Lenders from the next tax that shall be issued, & that the head 
of a Subscription Paper be drawn up by the Town Clerk, and 
delivered to the Chairman of each Ward 

Voted, that Mess". Silas Atkins 

Nathaniel Barber Ju r . 
John R. Sigourney 

be a Committee for Ward N. 1 to answer the purpose afore- 
said. 

Mess. Jedediah Parker 

Thomas Coverly Vernon 
Foster Cruft 

a Committee for Ward - - N. 2. 

John Tudor Esq r . 
Cap'. John Ballard 
Jonathan Mountford J r . 

a Committee for Ward - - N. 3. 

Mess. Daniel Parker 
John Larking 
Col. Syms 

a Committee for Ward - - - N. 4. 

D r . William Clark 
Cap*. John Pulling 
M r . Thomas Hitchburne 

a Committee for Ward N. 5. 

Mess. Joseph Hall 
Samuel Barret 
M r . Stephen Amory 

a Committee for Ward - - N. 6. 

Mess. Timothy Newell 
Richard Salter 
Joseph Callender 

[53O.] a Committee for Ward N. 7. 

Cap 1 . John Simpkins 
Jeremiah Belknap 
Samuel Eleot 
a Committee for Ward ----- N. 8. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1781. 191 

Mess". Elisha Sigorney 
Luke Baker 
Zephion Thayer 

a Committee for Ward N. 9. 

Charles Miller Esq r . 
Adam Colson 
Stephen Hall 

a Committee for Ward N. 10 

Cap 4 . Nehemiah Somes 
Joseph Barrel 
Thomas Tileston 

a Committee for Ward N. 11 

Deacon Thomas Bayley 
Deacon John Procter 
M r . William Marshall 
a Committee for Ward N. 12 

The following is the Head of a Subscription Paper delivered to 
the Chairman of each Ward Viz*. 

We the Subscribers most sensibly effected with the foregoing 
Representation of the present condition of the aged decriped & 
other suffering Poor in the Almshouse', some of whom have lived 
well and contributed their share towards the Publick expence ; 
and fully apprehensive [531.] not only of the many and great 
inconveniences that must take place upon those Poor being thrown 
upon the Charity of Private Families, but of the great reproach it 
would Justly bring upon the Inhabitants of this Town, both as 
Men and as Christians, for so cruel and unpresidented a Neglect 
do therefore hereby chearfully engage to pay the respective 
Sums affixed to our Names, to the Chairmen of the Above Com- 
mittee, upon the condition and for the purposes expressed in the 
aforegoing Vote 

The Committee appointed for inlisting this Towns proportion 
of Men for the Continental Army Acquainted the Town how 
far they had proceeded in the service Assigned them 

Moved that this Meeting be Adjourned to Fryday next being 
the 13 th of April 3 O.Clock Afternoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Fryday April 13 th . 3. O'Clock Afternoon met according to Ad- 
journment 

M r . Benjamin Vezie and M r . William Ballard, who have been 
chosen Constables for the -ensuing Year, appeared, and having 
desired the Town to excuse them from serving in that Office, they 
were accordingly excused 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for two Constables, and the same having been brought in 
and Sorted, it appeared that 

[532.] Mess". John Hunt sworn 

Rufus Bent - - d. 

were chose Constables for the ensuing Year 

M r . John Doak & M r . Edward Jones, who have been chosen 



192 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Constables for the Year, ensuing, having desired to be excused 

from serving in that Office they 

were accordingly excused from serving by the Town 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for two Constables, and the same being brought in and 
sorted, it appeared that 

Mess". Elijah Searl sworn 

Spencer Walker - ... excused 
were chosen Constables for the ensuing Year 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for one Assessor, and the same having been brought in 
and sorted, it appeared that 

George B. Gedney 
was chosen an Assessor for the ensuing Year 

M r . John Hews chosen into the Office of Constable for the 
Year ensuing having prayed that he might be excused from 
serving in that Office, he was accordingly excused by the Town 

The Town brought in their Votes as directed, for one Consta- 
ble, and upon sorting them it appeared that M r . Foster Cruft 
was chosen a Constable for the ensuing Year ' excused 

[533.] M r . John McFadden chosen into the Office of Con- 
stable, for the ensuing Year, having desired to be excused by 
the Town from serving, he was accordingly excused 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for one Constable, and the same being brought in and sorted, 
it appeared that 

M r . William Clough sworn 

was chosen a Constable for the ensuing Year 

M r . Clough attended & desired to be excused serving as a 
Constable & the Question was put, but did not obtain 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for one Constable, and the same having been brought in 
and sorted, it appeared that 

M r . Samuel Smith 
was chosen a Constable for the Year ensuing 

On a Motion Voted, that 

M r . Joseph Russell 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
Stephen Higginson Esq r . 

the Committee on M r . Fraziers Petition make up the depreciation 
on his debt according to Continental Scale of depreciation 

On a Motion Voted, that all Matters and Things which remaine 
unfinish'd at this Meeting be referred over to May Meeting 

[534.] On a Motion Voted, that the Thanks of the Town 
be and hereb}" are given to John Brown Esq r . Moderator Pro. 
Tern , for the good services, in dispatching the business of the 
Meeting 

Then the Meeting; was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
of Twenty One Years of Age and Upwards, qualified as the Con- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1781. 193 

stitution prescribes and legally warned in publick Town Meeting, 
Assembled at Fanuiel Hall on Monday the 2 d . Day of April A.D. 
1781- 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Clark 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Paragraphs of the Constitution or Form of Government, rela- 
tive to the choice of Governor, Lievetinant Governor, and six 
Senators for the County of Suffolk 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no Votes would be 
received but such as are unfolded, and that they purpose that 
the Poll shall be closed at half an hour past Twelve O'Clock 

It was moved and Voted, that the Bells be rupg at a quarter 
past 12. O'Clock 

[535.] Persons Voted, for as Governor, with the number of 
Votes for each Person Viz 1 . 

His Excellency John Hancock Esq r . 
Five hundred & thirteen Votes 

Persons Voted, for as Luiev 1 . Governor with the Number of 
Votes for each Person Viz*. 

Votes 

His Honer Thomas Gushing Esq r . - - 480 

Houb le . Samuel Adams Esq r . - - - 12 

Honb le . Azor Orne Esq r . ----- 2 

M r . Elias Parkman ------- 2 

M r . Nathaniel Tracy 1 

Thomas Esq r . - - - - 1 

Persons Voted, for as Senators for the County of Suffolk with 
the Number of Votes for each Person Viz'. 

Votes 

Ellis Gray Esq r . 4 

Houb le . Jeremiah Powell Esq r . - 508 
Samuel Adams Esq r . - - - - 479 

John Pitts Esq r .' ------ 505 

Jabez Fisher ------- 510 

Increase Sumuer ------ 512 

Samuel Niles --------20 

Cotton Tuffts ------- 476 

M r . Leonard Jarvis ------ 4 

Hon ble . Benjamin White - - - - 6 

Hon blc . Thomas Cushing Esq r . - - 9 
John Rowe Esq r . -------11 

Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . - - - - 1 

John Lowell Esq r . 2 

Hon ble . William Phillips Esq r . - - - 1 

[536.] Attested Copies of the Persons Voted for as Gover- 
nor Leivetenant Governor and Senators for the County of Suffolk 
were committed to the Secretary of this Commonwealth, and the 
Inclosure sealed up in Town Meeting Superscribed as follows 
Viz 1 . 



194 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

For 
John Avery Juu r . Esq r . 

Secretary of the Commonwealth 

of Massachusetts 

The Number of Votes of the Town of Boston for a Governor 
Leivetanant Governor and Six Senators for the County of Suffolk, 
Certified within and Sealed up in Town Meeting 
Then the Meeting was dessolved 



At a legal Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of 
the Town of Boston atFaneiuel Hall April 27 1781 3. O'Clock 
Afternoon 

Warrant for calling y e . Meeting read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator, and the same being brought in and sorted, 
it appeared that 

John Tudor Esq r . 
was chosen 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. "To consider and determine 
upon the most expeditious [537.] measures for making up the 
Towns defflciency of Men for the Continental Army, Occasioned 
by the neglect or refusal of some Classes and Individuals in 
Classes to procure them ; as also to give in to the Assessors the 
Names of every such Delinquent that they may be Assessed as the 
Law directs the full value of the same which shall be expended 
in procuring their Men together with the 50 pC 4 . the Town have 
Voted shall be laid upon the respective Delinquents in Addition 
to the charge aforesaid" was read whereupon the Committee 
for Inlisting Men were called upon to inform the Town what Classes 
were defficient, who Reported That 36 men the Committee 
have receipted for from the Classes 1 Man inlisted by a Class 
for which the Committee did not Receipt making 37 Men 
from the Classes 81 Inlisted by the Committee the whole 
118 Men 63 Men wanting 

65 Classes have paid 36 & each have a Man Assigned. 60 
ditto have paid in part 36 125 Classes have paid in full and 
in part of 36 37 Classes have got their Men 

Classes 

themselves making -------------- 162 

Classes Delinquent --------------19 



181 

37 from Classes 
65 Assigned 



102 

16 Men to Assign' 

On a Motion, Voted, that at the Adjournment of this Meeting, 
the Committee for Inlisting Men be desired to make Report of 
their doings, and [538.] The Names of all the Persons who are 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1781. 195 

Delinquents, with respect to paying their respective Assessments 
for procuring the Men ; and the Town will then take immediate 
Measures to procure the Men ; and return the Names of such 
Delinquents to the Assessors 

On a Motion Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned it 
shall be to next Monday Seven night 3. O. Clock. Afternoon 

On a Motion Voted, that the Committee for Inlisting Men be 
desired to make enquirey with respect to such Persons as are car- 
rying out and Inlistiug Men for Other Towns, and to lay the proofs 
with the Names of such Persons ; before the Town at the Adjourn- 
ment of this Meeting, that they may be dealt with according to 
their deserts 

Adjournment to the 7 th . Day of May next being Monday. 3. 
OClock in the Afternoon 

Monday the 7 Day of May. 3. O'Clock Afternoon Met ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

The Committee for Inlisting the Towns proportion of Men for 
the Continental Army, being called upon to Report their doings to 
the Town they accordingly Reported that they had inlisted 
One hundred and twenty 1 Men 

The Chairman of the Committee appointed to make enquiry 
what Sums remained due from the several Justice of the Peace 
for the Towns proportion [539.] of the Fines by them received 
from time to time 

Reported, that they had discoursed with M r . Justice Gardner 
relative to those fines, and also had read his Letter to the Town 
respecting those Fines and what he had paid in and done for the 
Town, and upon the whole they think what he has paid and done, 
may be looked upon as Satisfactory for what is past, but that a 
regular Account ought to be kept by the Justices in future ; and 
that they be duly called upon by the Town Treasurer, for the 
Towns proportion of such Fines as they may have received 
the Letter from M r . Justice Gardner to the Town, was again read 
And the Question being then put Viz'. "Whether the same 
shall be accepted as Satisfactory to the Town Passed in the 
Affermative 

It was moved & Voted, that M r . Justice Greenleaf be desired 
lo lay before the Selectmen by next Wednesday all his returned 
Warrants since the Town was opened, or an Account of the Towns 
proportion of fines, making Oath that he Apprehends the same to 
be the full amount of what has been received by him in that time 
for the Towns proportion of Fines 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed to call upon the 
several Justices for a particular Account of the Towns proportion 
of Fines received by them, every Six Months, and also for the 
Sums which those Fines may severally Amount to within that time, 
and in case of refusal or neglect, to prosecute them for the Same, 
Agreeable to the Law of this Commonwealth 

[54O.] The Committee for Inlisting the Towns proportion of 
Men for the Continental Army Reported the Names of Deliquents 
Persons in the several Classes Whereupon 



196 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Voted, that said Committee be desired to Report at the Next 
Town Meeting, what they shall apprehend will be the best method 
for raising the Money necessary to procure the Men wanted for the 
Delinquent Class and Individuals 

On a Motion Voted, that the further acting upon the Article 
of the Warrant, be referred over to the General Town Meeting in 
May 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
John Tudor Esq r . for his good services as Moderator of this 
Meeting 

Then the Meeting was dessolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duly qualified and legally warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 16 th 
Day of May Anno Domini 1781. 10 O'Clock Forenoon 

Prayer made by the Rev d . M r . Wight 

Warrant for calling the Meeting, read 

That part of the Constitution or Form of Goverment which 
relates to the choice of Representatives annually read 

[541.] Sundry Laws ----- read 

The Town having determined to choose seven Persons to repre- 
sent them in the General Assembly of Massachusetts to be held at 
the State House in Boston upon the last Wednesday of May Cur- 
rent, agreeable to the Constitution or Form of Goverment for the 
Massachusetts. The Inhabitants were accordingly directed to 
withdraw, and bring in their Votes for seven Representatives, and 
then it was declared by the Selectmen, that no Votes will be re- 
ceived, but such as are unfolded, and that they purpose the Poll 
shall be closed at 12. O.Clock 

The Votes being brought in for seven Representatives, the 
number of the same were found to be four hundred thirty eight, 
and upon sorting them it Appeared, that the following Persons 
were chose Viz'. 

The Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . - - - - 415 

The Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . 273 

Thomas Daws Esq r . --------421 

John Lowell Esq r . 421 

Samuel A. Otis Esq r . - - - 260 

Leonard Jarvis ---------- 237 

Stephen Higginson Esq r . ------- 408 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen, the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring 
in their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, in order that the 
Town may proceed in transacting the Other Affairs mentioned in 
the Warrant ; accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew and Brought 
in their Votes, and upon sorting them it appeared that 

[542.] John Brown Esq r . 

was chosen 

M r . Brown not being in the Meeting, or to be found, it was 
moved that a Moderator Pro. Tern : be now chosen 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1781. 197 

The Inhabitants were accordingly directed to withdraw and 
bring in their Votes for a Moderator Pro Tern . and the saine 
being brought in and sorted, it appeared, that 

John Scollay Esq r . 
was chosen 

Adjourned to 3. O'Clock in the Afternoon 

3 O. Clock Afternoon met according to Adjournment 

M r . Brown the Moderator of the Meeting, & M r . Scollay 
chosen Moderator Pro. Tern , being both Absent, it was moved, 
& Voted that the Town proceed to the Choice of another 

The Inhabitants were accordingly directed to withdraw and 
bring in their Votes for a Moderator and the same having been 
brought in and sorted, it appeared that 

Samuel Allen Otis Esq r . 
was chosen 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To consider whether 
Instruction shall be given the Representatives [543.] that may 
be chosen" was read and after debate had thereon, it was 
moved, and the Question accordingly put Viz 1 . Whether the Town 
will now Instruct the Representatives that have been chosen 
passed in the Negative 

The Petition of the Collectors of Taxes, " that the Town will 
reconsider the Vote lately passed respecting the Premium to be 
allowed for collecting the Taxes ; and also determine with respect 
to the Abatement of certain Taxes to them committed " was read 
whereupon it was moved and carried that a Committee be ap- 
pointed to consider said Petition, and Report at the Adjournment 
of this Meeting 

Voted, that M r .Joseph Barrel 

M r . Herman Brimmer 
Cap'. William Mackey excus'd 

M r . John White 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Moved, that an Application be made to the General Court 
relative to the Old Monies depreciating after some debate it 
was moved, and carried that the Matter subside for the present 

Voted, that M r . Samuel Hunt Master of the South Grammer 
School be allowed and paid the Sum of Ninety Pounds in Gold & 
Silver or current Money equivilent thereto at the time he shall 
receive the same out of the Treasuery, for Six Months Salary as 
Master of said School, the same to commence the 1 st . of March last 

[544.] Voted, that the Sum of Ninety Pounds be. allowed 
and paid unto M r . Aaron Smith Master of the North Grammer 
School, in Gold & Silver or Current Money equivilent thereto at 
the time he shall receive the same out of the Treasury, for Six 
Months Salary as Master of said School, the same to commence 
the first of March last 

Voted, that the Sum of Seventy five pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . John Tileston Master of the North Writing School, 
in Gold & Silver or current Money equivilent thereto at the 
Time he shall receive the Same out of the Treasury for Six 



198 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Months Salary as Master of said School, the same to commence 
the first of March last also 

Voted, that the said M r . Tileston have an Additional allowance 
of Eighteen Pounds p Annum for House Rent or the Exchange as 
aforesaid, 

Voted, that the Sum of Seventy five Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . James Carter Master of the Writing School in 
Queen Street, in Gold & Silver or current Money equivilent thereto 
at the time he shall receive the same out of the Treasurey for 
Six Months Salary as Master of said School, the same to com- 
mence the first of March last 

[545.] Voted, that the Sum of Forty five Pounds be Allowed, 
and paid unto M r . William Croswell Usher of the South Grammer 
School, in Gold & Silver or Current Money equivelent thereto at 
the time he shall receive the same out of the Treasury for Six 
Months Salary as Usher of eaid School the same to commence the 
first of March last 

The Committee for Inlisting the Towns proportion of Men for 
the Continental Army Reported there proceedings, Verbally 

Adjourned to Fryday next being the 22 d Day of May Ins'. 3. 
O'Clock 

Fryday May 22 d . 3. O. Clock in the Afternoon. Met according 
to Adjournment 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to Act upon the List 
of Jurors 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for three Constables, and the same being brought in and 
sorted it Appeared that 

Mess. Benajah Davenport sworn 

Samuel Sprague 

Joshua Beal excused 

were chosen Constables for the ensuing year 

The Committee appointed to consider the Petition of the Col- 
lectors of Taxes, having Attended that service are of Opinion 
with respect to the [546.] Abatement of the Taxes, that the As- 
sessors are the proper Judges, and therefore advise that they be 
directed to Abate all those Persons their Taxes, that by Law are 
exempted from payment and all those which cannot be Collected 
which they are convinced were not lost by the Omission of the 
Collectors, but if any are become bad by their carelessness or un- 
due lenity, in that case the Committee are of Opinion that those 
sums so lost be not abated, but that the Collectors make them 
good and the Selectmen be desired to liquidate and settle their 
accounts as soon as may be 

The Committee beg leave to sugest that Application be made 
to the General Court by our Representatives that a law may be 
made, expressly and explicitly to enalle the Assessors to tax such 
Persons, as do not reside in Town but do their business here, altho 
they are Taxed elsewhere, as nothing can appear more unreasona- 
ble than the Determination of a late Court of Sessions, that a 
Man shall pay his whole Taxes to a Town, where he does not ac- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1781. 199 

quire a farthing, but only spend, the property which he acquires in 
this Town while this Town reaps no benefit although the business 
would otherwise be done by Persons residing here 

The Committee are of Opinion that the Premium of two and 
half p Cent allowed the Collectors for Collecting the Taxes, is 
sufficient for that service and that they be enjoined to pay in from 
time to time, to the Town Treasurer at the [547.] same time 
they pay into the State Treasurer, the full proportion of the Towns 
Taxes, and that the Treasurer of the Town make it a standing 
Rule whenever the State Treasurer Issues his Executions, that he 
does the same, without further Order from the Town 

JOSEPH BAKRELL p Order 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered, the 
Question was put Viz'. Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Aff ermative also 

Voted, that the Town Clerk furnish the Assessors, the respec- 
tive Collectors and the Town Treasurer with attested Copies of the 
aforegoing Vote 

The Committee appointed to liquidate the Account of Nathan 
Frazier Esq r . for Monies lent the Town at several Times Re- 
port 

That they find the Sum of 601 .. 19 .. 8 Silver Money due to 
him as appears by the within State that the Town Treasurer 
take his Notes given to M r . Frazier, and grant him a New Note 
for the above sum payable in Silver Money or an equivilant 
thereto in Current Money when paid this new Note to bear this 
date and carry Interest 

JOSEPH RUSSELL JLN F 
EZEKIEL PRICE 
STEPHEN HIGGINSON 

[*547.] The foregoing Report having been read and con- 
sidered the Question was put. Viz'. Whether the same shall be 
accepted Passed in the Affermative 

On a Motion Voted, that a Committee be appointed to give 
in an Estimate of the Sum necessary to be raised for defraying 
the Expencies of the Current Year, and that they detei'miue upon 
such Appropriations of the Same as they shall Judge to be expe- 
dient 

Voted, that M r . Joseph Barrel 
M r . Edward Payne 
M r . Jonathan Mason 
Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
The Hon ble . William Phillips Esq r 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid to Report at the Ad- 
journment of this Meeting 

Adjourned to next Fryday seven Night being the 1'. of June 3. 
O'Clock in the Afternoon 

Fryday the 1 st . Day of June 3. OClock in the Afternoon 
Met according to Adjournment 

M r . Samuel Allyne Otis Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting 
not being able to give his attendance The Inhabitants were 



200 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

directed to withdraw and bring in Votes for a Moderator Pro 
Tern . And the same having been brought in and sorted, it 
appeared that 

John Rowe Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator of the Meeting 

[548.] M r . Benjamin Sumner, M r . James Thompson, & 
M r . Thomas Bayley three of the Persons chosen Collectors of 
Taxes for the ensuing Year, being in the Meeting, were called 
upon to inform the Town, whether they accepted of the choice 
made of them for Collectors of Taxes when they answered in 
the Affermative 

The Committee appointed to give in an Estimate of the Sum 
necessary to be raised for defraying the Expencies of the Current 
year & to determine how it should be appropriated, being in the 
Meeting were called upon for their Report whereupon said 
Committee Acquainted the Town, that they were not as yet able 
to make Report, and desired further time for that purpose which 
was granted them 

On a Motion Voted, that all Matters, and Things, which 
remain unfinished at this Meeting be referred over to the next 
General Town Meeting which may be called 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualilied and legally warned in a pnblick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 12 th . 
Day of June Anno Domini 1781. 3. O'Clock. Afternoon 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

[549.] Precept for the choice of one Representative - - - 
read 

The Town having determined to choose a Person to Represent 
them in the General Assembly of this Commonwealth in the room 
of the Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r , chosen a Senator agreable to 
a Precipt received for that purpose The Inhabitants were 
accordingly directed to withdraw and bring in their Votes, for one 
Representative, and then it was declared by the Selectmen that no 
Votes will be received by the Selectmen but such as are unfolded, 
and from Persons who enter the Hall after they have Voted and 
remain untill the Poll is closed which they propose shall be at 
5 O'Clock. 

The Votes being brought in for one Representative, the number 
of the same were found to be ----- 394 and upon sort- 
ing them it appeared that 

John Rowe Eso/. 300 

was chosen 

The choice of Representative being over and declared by the 
Selectmen the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in 
their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting in Order that the 
Town may proceed in transacting the Other Affairs mentioned in 
the Warrant ; accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew and brought 
in their Votes, and upon sorting them it appeared that 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1781. 201 

[55O.] The Hon ble . Benjamin Austin Esq r . 

was chosen 

The Committee appointed to consider what Monies are necessary 
to defray the Charges of the Current Year, and in what manner the 
same shall be appropriated being ready to Report the Ques- 
tion was put Viz'. Whether the same shall now be taken up and 
Acted upon passed in the Affermative 

The Committee appointed to form an Estimate of the Sum neces- 
sary for the Currant Expencies of the Year, and to appropriate 
it Report 

That they find the Sum expended last Year for the expences of 
the Town amounted in Specie to about five thousand pounds law- 
full Money, as appears by the Selectmen and Overseers draughts 
which Sum the Committee are of Opinion will be sufficient for the 
present Year 

That they find the debts due from the Town as by List taken in 
May 1780 Amounted to about twelve thousand pounds lavvfull, 
Money in Specie exclusive of Interest., but what proportion of 
these debts are paid cannot be assertained uutill the Treasurer 
liquidate and settle his Accounts, with the Collectors and Others, 
which the Treasu. says is impossible to be done without a Suffi- 
cient Assistant ; if the Tax now proposed is put into his hands 

That the Sum of Nine Thousand Pounds be raised, the Tax to 
be made in Gold or Silver, [551.] and paid in Specie or an 
equivalent in the new Emissions at the rates affixed by the 
Judges Scale of Depretiation at the time the Tax is essued, and 
appropriated as follows One third to discharge the Overseers 
Draughts, one third to discharge what remains of the Selectmen 
and Overseers Draughts for 1779 & 1780 (if there is not suffi- 
cient in the Treasury for the purpose) the Residue with what 
may remain of the two Other, appropriations towards, discharging 
the Interest and part of the principal of the debts now due from 
the Town, and that the Treasurer be enjoined to pay to each De- 
partment (if applied for) in Just proportion and time as the Money 
comes into his hands 

That the Collectors settle their former Accounts immediately 
or their Bonds put in Suite, and that they Collect the present Tax 
as soon as may be ; and pay it into the Treasurer as soon as same 
is Collected ; and if a New Scale of Depretiation is made, before 
the whole Tax is collected, the Delinquents to pay according to 
the New Scale ; and no depretiation to be allowed the Collec- 
tors, but agreeably to the Scale at the time they make their 
payments to the Treasurer 

That the Treasurer be Directed to liquidate the debts and give 
new Notes (to those that choose it) including the Interest for all 
Sums prior to 1776 to be paid in Specie, and for all [552.] 
Sums after that date, in Specie or an equivalent in Currency 

That the Treasurer immediately open a New set of Books to be 
kept in Specie, the New Notes when liquidated, numbered & 
transferred into these Books, where the Tax now proposed, and 
the Appropriations are to be entered 

That the Monthly Draughts of the Selectmen and Overseers be 



202 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

paid in course as they are drawn and no part of the second 
Month untill the first (if applied for) are discharged ; except only 
such Drafts from the Overseer's as may be in faviour of Persons 
from the Country 

That a List be taken by the Treasurer of those that are in want 
of the Monies borrowed, and if they exceed the Sum appropriated 
for the purpose, he proportion it in as equitable a Manner as may be 
That M r . Edward Payne 
Col, Josiah Waters 
M r . Herman Brimmer 

be a Committee, and upon the publication of every new scale, 
the Treasurer immediatlej' Apply to this Committee with an 
Account of what Money he has on hand, and this Committee shall 
examine the Money, and Affix what depredation there is upon it 
and Charge it to the Town, but [553.] if the Treasurer shall 
omit to apply as aforesaid he shall have no allowance for any 
depretiation whatever. 

That a Copy of this Report be delivered to each of this Com- 
mittee who are desired to see the aforegoing regulations are put 
in Execution at the Treasury 

JOSEPH BARREL p Order 

The foregoing Report having been taken up and considered, 
paragraph by Paragraph the Question was put Viz 1 . Whether 
the same shall be accepted Passed in the Affermative 

Whereas great inconveniences and embarrassments have arisen 
in the Treasurers Accounts from the Collectors of Taxes not set- 
tling their Accounts and paying the Sums committed to them to 
Collect in the course of the Year therefor Voted, that no Person 
who has heretofore been a Collector of Taxes shall be hereafter 
chosen into that Office untill he has settled his Accounts and paid 
into the Treasurey the whole Sum committed to him to Collect 
his Commissions and any Abatement the Assessors may make him 
being deducted 

Moved, that a Committee be now appointed to agree with one 
or more suitable Person or Persons to Assist M r . Treasurer 
Jeffries and the Question being put Passed in the Affermative 
Voted, that M r . Edward Payne 
Col. Josiah Waters 
M r . Herman Brimmer 
M r . Alex r . Hodsdon 
be a Committee for that purpose 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1781. 203 



BOSTON TOWN RECOBDS. 



[SEVENTH BOOK.] 



The Article in the Warrant Viz'. To consider the Petition of 
Jonas Welch, that he may be permitted to take in a Small Strip 
of the Street leading to the North Mills, for the purpose Mentioned 
in said Petition was read, and considered Whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed and im- 
powered to make Sale of the Land prayed for by M r . Welch, on 
such terms as they shall Judge proper 

Voted, that the Meeting be Adjourned to Thursday the 21 st . of 
June. 3. O Clock in the Afternoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Thursday the 21 st . Day of June 3. O'Clock Afternoon Met 
according to Adjournment 

Benjamin Austin Esq r . in the Chair 

M r . Joshua Beal chosen one of the Constables, in March last, 
having desired to be excused from searving in that Office, he was 
accordingly excused by the Town 

The Committee Appointed to consider & devise ways, to pre- 
vent the incroachment of the Sea upon the Neck, as also to en- 
quire into the terms of M r . Sutton Byles's Lease from the Town 
of Land on the Neck 

[2.] Report, That they have examined into the conditions M r . 
Byles hired that part of the Neck he improved, and find he was to 
pay one Shilling a Year for the Rent, which he paid to the Year 
1774 and has a Receipt in full to that time they also find there 
was no penalty to the Lease, that he was only to re-deliver the 
possession thereof when the Town required it 

Your Committee cannot devise any ways for the Town to pre- 
vent the incroachment of the Sea, but building a Stone Wall which 
they apprehend the Town in their present circumstances are not 
able to do, Unless they should think proper to make application to 
the General Court for a Lottery to raise a sum of Money Sufficient 
for that purpose 

GIBBINS SHARP p Order 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered, the 
Question was put Viz 1 . Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affermative 



204 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

The Committee for Inlistiug the Towns Quota for Men for the 
Continental Army Reported verbally 

That they had still Money on hand for the purpose of hiring 
Men having been greatly disappointed by the Obstructions thrown 
in their way, by a M r . Griffis & Others and that it is the Opinion 
of the Committee that unless some Method can be devised to re- 
move those difficulties [3.] there is but little probability the 
Number to be raised by the Town will be compleated as there is 
still wanting 45 or 46 Men, & they only expect to procure a 
few Others that they have now in hand of the Money Collected 
of the several Classes, about Six hundred & fifty pounds Specie 

The foregoing Report having been considered by the Town, it 
was thereupon Moved and Voted, that the Committee be desired 
to continue their good services untill tlie 30 th Day of June next 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for two Constables, and the same being brought in and 
sorted, it Appeared that 

Mess. George Thomas 

John Cook 
were chosen Constables for the Year ensuing 

Moved and Voted, that all Matters, & things which remain un- 
finished at this Meeting be referred to the next General Town 
Meeting 

On a Motion Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and here- 
by are given to Benjamin Austin Esq r . for his good services as 
Moderator of this Meeting 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



[4.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and Other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in pub- 
lick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 
28 th . Day of June Anno Domini 1781 3. O. Clock P: M: 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator, and the Votes being brought in and 
sorted, it appeared that 

M r . Thomas Walley 
was chosen Moderator of this Meeting 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. 

" To consider what proper Measures may be immediately pur- 
sued for carrying into full effect the Resolves of the General 
Assembly of the 22 d . of June Ins 1 , for procuring the Towns 
proportion of the Beef, for the Continental Army " was read 

The foregoing Vote of the General Court relative to the pro- 
curing live Beef, was also read and after the same had been 
considered, it was moved and, Voted, that, a Committee be ap- 
pointed to consider what may be the most speedy and effectual 
Measures for procuring the Towns proportion of live Beef [5.] 
for the Continental Arm} r agreeable to the Resolve of the General 
Court passed the 22 Inst is also to confer with any Person or 
Persons, who may appear willing to furnish said Beef ; and to 
devise ways and means for procuring the Money necessary for the 
purpose aforesaid and Report thereon at the Adjournment 



BOSTON Towx RECORDS, 1781. 205 

Voted, that Allen Otis, Esq r . 

Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Walley 
Charles Miller Esq r . 
John Rowe Esq'. 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

The Article in the Warrant Viz' To consider and determine 
upon the Most speedy and effectual Measures for raising the Towns 
Quota of Men, according to a Resolution of the General Assembly 
in their Sessions was read Whereupon, it was moved & 
Voted, that the consideration of this Article be referred to the 
Adjournment of this Meeting 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To consider what is neces- 
sary to be done for the immediate Relief and support of the Poor in 
the Alms house " was read, and considered whereupon a Mo- 
tion was Made, that application be made to the Rev d . Ministers 
that a Collection be made for the purpose aforesaid in their Re- 
spective Congregations considerable Objections being made 
to this proposal the Motion was withdrawn 

[6.] And another Motion made, it was, 

Voted, that the Gentelmen the Overseer's of the Poor be desired 
to prepare a State of the destresses of the Poor in the Almshouse, 
and furnish a Copy thereof to the Ministers of the Gospel of all 
Denominations through the Town, requesting them to communi- 
cate the same to their respective Congregations the next Lords 
Day, and before the Congregations are dismissed, enforced with 
such Arguments, as to them shall Appear, most conducive to en- 
gage the Attention of the People to the same also to inform 
them that a Committee of the Town will wait on them for Sub- 
scriptions in the Several Wards, on the next Tuesday the Amount 
of which will be discounted out of the Tax now laid, and that the 
Overseer's be furnished with attested Copies of this Vote for the 
Minister's also, 

Voted, that the Committee of the Several Wards for procuring 
Subscriptions for the Almshouse, be desired to renew their appli- 
cations, for that purpose, more particularly on Tuesday next, re- 
ceiving the Subscriptions in Specie only, And that the Town 
Clerk furnish the respective Chairmen with a Copy of this Vote* 

Adjourned to Thursday next being the 5 th Day of July, 3. 
O. Clock in the Afternoon 

[7.] Thursday the 5 th of July, 3. O'Clock Afternoon, Met 
according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to consider of Ways and Means for 
procuring the Towns quota of Beef for the Supply of the Army, 
Agreeable to the Monthly Assessments by Order of the General 
Court, having made the necessary enquiry, find, that M r . Phelps 
Superintendent of Purchases, will procure the whole quantity 
wanted by the Town upon the most Advantageous Terms, expect- 
ing only a small consideration for his trouble, and that lie will 
engage that the Beef for the first Month shall not exceed forty 
Shillings Specie p hundred 



206 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Your Committee represent that Contracts might have been made 
for two three or Six Months, but as the Season Advances they 
think it probable Beef will become cheaper and preferable to 
employ M r . Phelps to make the Monthly purchases upon the lowest 
possible terms, one great Advantage of this Mode, is M r . Phelps 
can give the Town a few Weeks to Collect the Money, besides 
which no difficulty can arise as to the quantity none can be turn'd 
in that M r . Phelps can make an Objection to, himself being the 
purchaser 

The means of payment your Committee suppose can only be 
dirived from a hard Money Tax, which they recommend should be 
added to the tax now essuing the whole Sum Necessary [8.] 
to be raised is about 2400 in Specie Six hundred Pounds of 
which to be collected in ten Days after the delivery of the Tickets, 
and then paid immediately into the hands of the Treasurer or a 
Committee for the special purpose ; said Money to be paid to M r . 
Phelps or his order to enable hhn to go on with his purchases ; 
the other Eighteen hundred pounds to be Collected and paid into 
the Hands of the Treasurer or said Committee on or before the 
first Day of October next for the purpose all which is submitted 

THOMAS WALLEY p Order 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered the 
Question was put Viz'. Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affermative also 

Voted, that the Sum of Twenty four hundred pounds in Specie 
be immediately raised by a tax on the Polls and rateable Estates 
of the Inhabitants of this Towns, Tax Six hundred pounds part 
thereof to be paid into the Treasurey, within ten Days after the 
delivery of the Tickets and the I'emaining Eighteen hundred 
pounds to be Collected and paid into the Treasurey by the first 
Day of October next, the whole of said Monies, to be Appropri- 
ated for procuring the Town Quota of Beef for the Use of the Con- 
tinental Army 

[9.] Voted, that Allen Otis Esq r . 

Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Walley 
Charles Miller Esq r . 
John Rowe Esq r . 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Contract with 
Oliver Phelps Esq r . for the live Beef wanted by the Town Agrea- 
ble to the Report of the Committee relative to procuring Beef 

On a Motion Voted, that the consideration of the Article in the 
Warrant relative to raising Men be referred to the Adjournment 

The Committee for raising the Towns proportion of Men for 
the Continental Army. -Reported verbally. That they had pro- 
ceeded, so far in raising Men as that but forty One Men are now 
wanting to compleat this Towns Quota whereupon 

Voted, that said Committee be desired to continue their good 
services, till the further Orders of the Town 

Moved and Voted, that, the Town Clerk Advertize the business 
of the intended Adjournment 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday next. 3. 
O'Clock Afternoon 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1781. 207 

[1O.] July 9 th . 3. O Clock Afternoon Met according to 
Adjournment 

The Assessors having been desired to give their Attendance at 
this Meeting, they Attended accordingly 

The Moderator then acquainted them that the Town would 
wish to be informed how soon the Tax Bills for the present Tax, 
were like to come out 

The Assessors having taken some time to consider the Matter, 
acquainted the Town, that it would not be much short of Six 
Weeks 

On a Motion Voted, that the Vote passed the 5 th . of July 
Instant, laying a Tax of Twenty four hundred pounds Specie be 
reconsidered and set Aside And that the Sum of Three thousand 
Pounds in Specie be immediately raised by a Tax on the Polls and 
rateable Estates of the Inhabitants of this Town, Seven hundred 
and fifty Pounds part thereof to be paid into the Treasurey 
within Ten Days After the Delivery of the Tickets, and the re- 
maining twenty two hundred and fifty Pounds to be Collected and 
paid into the Treasurey by the first Day of October next, the 
whole of said Monies to be appropriated for procuring the Towns 
Quota of Beef for the use of the Continental Army And that no 
Person [11.] shall be entitled to the five per cent Allowed by the 
Vote Passed the 31 st of March last who does not pay the first 
part of the above Tax in the Time limitted in this Vote ; and that 
this Sum be Added to the Tax now issuing, and that the same be 
placed in distinct Columns on the Tickets to be delivered to the 
Inhabitants 

Whereas by a Report of a Committee appointed to form an 
Estimate of the Sum necessary for the Expencies of the Current 
Year, it was Voted June 12 th . that the Sum of Nine Thousand 
Pounds should be raised, the Tax to be made in Gold and Silver 
and paid in Specie or an equivalent in Bills of the new Emission at 
the rate of depreciation affixed by Judges Scale at the time of the 
Tax being issued 

And whereas by a late Act of the General Assembly of this 
Commonwealth, the former Act impowering the Judges of the 
Supreme Judicial Court to regulate the depreciation of the Paper 
Currency is repealed, and no such Scale of Depreciation is likely 
to take place therefore 

Voted, that the several paragraphs, in the said Report relating 
to the Sum to be raised, and the Scale of depreciation by which 
the same was to be paid, be and hereby are repealed and made 
Void 

[12.'] Voted, that the Sum of Twelve Thousand Pounds be 
raised by a Tax on the Polls, and rateable Estates of the Inhab- 
itants of this Town, for defreying the necessary Expences for the 
Year ensuing And that the Tax be made in Gold or Silver, and 
paid in Specie or Bills of this State of the new Emission at the 
rate of one and seven Eighths of the new Emission for one hard 
Dollar, and that the same be appropriated as mentioned in the 
Report of said Committee 

The Committee Appointed to Contract with M r . Phelps for live 



208 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Beef Reported a Letter they bad wrote to him a Copy of which is 
on file 

Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned, it shall be to next 
Monday being the 16 th of July Ins': 3 O'Clock Afternoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned to that time 

Monday the 16 th . Day of July 3. O'Clock, Afternoon Met 
according to Adjournment 

M r . Treasurer Jeffries appeard, and desired the Town would 
give him their Opinion with respect to these two Questions Viz 1 . 

I 8t . Is the Town Treasurer to receive of the Old Continental 
Bills, of the Collectors for payment of Taxes yet remaining due of 
the Two 250,000, [13.] or 500,000 Voted, to be raised 
July and October 1780 

2 d . Is the Town Treasurer to receive of the Collectors any 
Other than Bills of the New Emission for what is due from them 
of the 9000 Tax of said new Emission, Voted, December last 
for payment of the 2 d . Quota of Beef After some debate the 
Question was put. Viz*. Whether it be the Sense of the Town 
that the Town Treasurer should take the Act of the General 
Assembly passed the 6. of July Inst for his rule of Conduct 
relative to the Questions proposed Passed in the Afferma- 
tive 

On a Motion Voted, that a Committee be now appointed, to 
consider and Report what they shall Judge to be a suitable allow- 
ance to the Town Treasurer for past services 

Voted, that the Committee last appointed to consider a suitable 
allowance to the School Masters Viz'. 

Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 
M r . John Lowell 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

On a Motion Voted, that the Town do now reconsider and set 
aside the Vote passed giving the Town Treasurer their Opinion on 
the Questions proposed by him at this Meeting 

On a Motion, Voted, that all matters and things which remain 
unfinished at this Meeting be referred for consideration to the next 
Town Meeting 

[14.] Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are 
given to M r . Thomas Walley for his good services as Moderator 
of this Meeting 

Then the Meeting was dessolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, duly qualified, and legally warned in public k 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 10 
Day of August Anno Domini 1781 3. OClock. P.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants were desired to withdraw, and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting and the same being brought 
in and sorted, it appeared, that 

Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
was chosen 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1781. 20i) 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. " Then and there agreable to 
the request of a Number of the Inhabitants, to devise some ef- 
fectual and speedy method of raising Money for the payment of 
the four Months Quota of Beef for the Continental Army, already 
become due was read, and after some debate had thereon It 
was moved, that the Assessors be desired to attend at this Meet- 
ing, they accordingly Attended, and being Asked [15.] Whether 
the Tax Books were ready to be delivered the Collectors of Taxes 
Answered " That by the latter end of the next Week, the 
Tax Books will be compleated " 

It was then moved and Voted, that a Committee be now Ap- 
pointed, to hire One hundred Pounds, which is now wanted to 
discharge a draught of M r . Phelps, for Beef purchased to that 
Amount 

It was moved and Voted, the foregoing Vote, be reconsidered, 
and that the Collectors of Taxes be desired to apply immediately 
to the Inhabitants, and urge their advancing their Beef Tax ii 
order to discharge M r . Phelps draught for the Beef he has pro 
cured for the Town, for which they are by a Vote passed the ninth 
Day of July last, to have five per cent deducted from their respec- 
tive Taxes for the Sum so advanced the Collectors to give 
Receipts accordingly and the Money received by them to be paid 
into the Town Treasury 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To consider what is neces- 
sary to be done for procuring the Towns proportion of Clothing 
for the Continental Army " was read whereupon it was moved 
and carried, that a Committee be now Appointed to take this 
Article into consideration, and Report their Opinion thereon at 
the Adjournment of this Meeting 

[16.] Voted, that The Moderator , 

Samuel Allen Otis Esq r . 
Samuel Barret Esq r . 
M r . Nathaniel Barret 
M r . Daniel Bell 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

The Article in the Warrant. Viz'. To determine what Allowances 
shall be made the School Masters " was read, whereupon 
Voted, that Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 

M r . John Lowell be 

a Committee before appointed to consider what may be adequate 
Grants to the School Masters, be desired to make Report at the 
Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . " To consider what steps 
shall be taken for the better security of the Town in the Night 
Season" was read, whereupon 

Voted, that the consideration of this Matter be referred to the 
Adjournment reconsidered 

The Moderator Col. Daws having informed the Town " that he 
had obtained a Return of the Men now in the Continental Army" 
it was moved and Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to imploy 
a Suitable Person to arange, said Returns, that it may clearly 
appear, and be determined what proportion of Men this Town has 
procured for the Continental Army 



210 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. '. 

[17.] The Committee Appointed to consider and Report an 
allowance to be made the Town Treasurer for his Services for the 
Year 1780 Reported the following Vote which was accepted l\v 
the Town Viz 1 . 

Voted, that David Jeffries Esq r . be allowed in consideration of 
extra services, and high prices of the Necessaries of Life Two 
hundred and twenty pounds Specie for his Services as Treasurer 
of this City [stc] for the Year 1780 

It was moved & Voted, that the aforegoing Vote respecting the 
"Watchmen be reconsidered, and that a Committee be now ap- 
pointed to take this matter into consideration, and Report thereon 
at the Adjournment of this Meeting 

Voted, that the Gentelmen the Selectmen be a Committee for 
the purpose aforesaid 

It was moved, that when this Meeting is Adjourned it shall be 
to Wednesday next being the 22 d . of August Instant at 3. O'Clock 
Afternoon then to meet at this place 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Wednesday August 22 d 3. O Clock Afternoon Met according 
to Adjournment 

[18.] Col. Daws in the Chair The Selectmen being a Com- 
mittee to take up the Matter in the Notification relating to the 
Town Watch do Report. 

That the State of the Town Treasurey being at present such that 
Money cannot be Obtained for paying the AVatchmen, therefore in 
order to preserve the safety of the Town in the Night, that the 
Captain of each Military Company be desired to select out of each 
Military Ward two discreat Persons to do duty for one Night, 
and so on every Night in rotation, that one third of the Company 
so appointed take care of the South part of the Town, one third 
the Middle part of the Town, and the Other third, the North part 
of the Town, this to continue till the Treasury is in a better State 
or untill the Town or the Selectmen shall otherwise Order p John 
Scollay Chairman 

The foregoing Report having been read & debate had thereon, 
it was moved & Voted, that the further consideration of this mat- 
ter subside for the present 

The Towns Committee to devise means for procuring the Quota 
of Shirts Shoes, &c for the Army Report 

That there is plenty of Material for that purpose in Town which 
may probably be had upon a credet, And that some suitable Per- 
son be appointed to purchase the Articles [19.] upon the longest 
Credit and best terms possible ; and that a hard Money Tax be 
laid to fulfill the Contracts as Soon as may be 

SAMUEL OTIS 

p Order 

The foregoing Report having been read, and considered, the 
Question was put Viz 4 : Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affermative, whereupon, Voted, that 
Samuel Allen Otis Esq r . 
M r . Nathaniel Barret 
M r . Daniel Bell 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1781. 211 

be a Committee to procure those Articles Agreeable to the fore- 
going Reports, and when done to lay their Accounts before the 
Selectmen in order to obtain their Draughts upon the Treasury, 
for Payment also 

Voted, that the Sum of One Thousand Pounds, in Gold or 
Silver be raised by a Tax upon the Polls & Rateable Estates of 
the Inhabitants of this Town, and that the same be paid into the 
Town Treasurey, and Appropriated for discharging the Accounts 
of the Several Articles of Clothing procured as aforesaid 

The Report of the Committee relative to the Town Watch again 
taken up, and after considerable debate had thereon, it was 
Moved & 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to proceed in the Old way 
of hiring suitable Persons to compose the Town Watch, the Town 
not accepting the said Report 

[2O.J The Committee Appointed to consider and Report what 
Allowances should be made the School Masters are of Opinion 

That considering the high prices of Provisions, Fuel &c They 
be allowed for the next three Months, commencing from the last 
Grant made them, to the first Day of September next, double the 
Sum in Specie granted them respectively in the Year 1774. 

The foregoing Report having been read, and considered. 
Question was put Viz' : Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affermative 

Voted, that all Matters & things which remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be referred over to the next General Town Meeting, 
then to be acted upon 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
Thomas Daws Esq r . for his good services as Moderator of this 
Meeting 

Then the Meeting was dessolved* 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other 
Inhabitants of the Town of Boston in 
publick Town Meeting Assembled at 
Faneuil Hall being duly qualified 
& legally warned; December [7.] 1781 
Warrant for calling Meeting read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting and the same being brought 
in and sorted, it appeared that 

The Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . was chosen 
The Article in the Warrant. Viz' : " To consider the Applica- 
tion of a Sister Town relative to the Fishery " was read 
whereupon Moved & Voted, that the Letter from the Town of 
Marblehead, be read, & it was accordingly read 

It was then Moved, that a time be now Assigned for the consid- 
eration of said Letter from Marblehead, but another Motion being 
made and seconded, that the consideration of this matter subside 
for the present & that the Article relative to Grants be now taken 
up the Question was put, & passed in the Affermative 

The Article in the Warrant Viz' : " To consider and arrant such 



212 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Sums of Money, and in such manner as may be Judged needfull 
for the payment of the School Masters, for the Relief, of the 
Poor, and for defraying other necessary Charges ; the Tax laid in 
March last, for said purposes having been collected almost wholy 
in Monies of the New Emmission, now out of circulation" was 
read [22.] Whereupon it was moved & Voted, that a Committee 
be now appointed to take this Article into consideration, and to 
Report at the Adjournment of this Meeting : the Sum necessary to 
be raised for the purpose aforesaid. 

Voted, that Edward Payne Esq r . 
M r . Joseph Barrel 
M r . Jonathan Mason Sen r . 
Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
William Phillips Esq r . 

bo a Committee for said purpose, and that this Committee be In- 
structed to lay before the Town a List of the necessary charges of 
the Town 

Moved & Voted, that the Letter from Marblehead, be again 
read and the Letter being read accordingly 

Voted, that a Committee be now appointed to take the Subject 
matter of this Letter into consideration, and Report at the 
Adjournment 

Voted, that the Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 
Perez Morton Esq r . 
Samuel A. Otis Esq r . 
Isaac Smith Esq r . 
Joseph Barrel Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

The Article in the Warrant. Viz'. "To consider and Act upon 
the Memorial of the Assessors, relative to Delinquent Classes and 
Individuals of each of those Classes was read [23.] And 
Voted, that a Committee be now appointed to take the Memorial 
of the Assessors and the Papers accompanying the same into con- 
sideration, and Report at the Adjournment of this Meeting. 
Voted, that Maj r : Melville 

Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 
M r . Thomas W alley excused 
John Lucas Esq r . 
to be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Moved and Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned, it shall 
be to the Representatives Chamber provided leave can be ob- 
tained for that purpose 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned to Tuesday the 
11 th Day of December Instant. 3. O'Clock in the Afternoon, then 
to meet at the Representatives Chamber 

Tuesday the 11 th Day of December 3. O Clock Afternoon, Met 
according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to take the following Article 4n the 
Warrant into consideration Viz': "To consider and grant such 
Sums of Monies and in such manner as may be Judged needfull 
for the payment of the School Masters, for the relief of the Poor, 
and for defreying other necessary charges, the Tax laid in March 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1781. 213 

last for said purpose, having been Collected almost wholly in 
Monies of the New Emission now out of Circulation " Report 

[24.] That having examined the Estimate on which they 
formed their Report in May last, and finding the Tax granted at 
that time, was to be paid in Bills of the New Emission which were 
soon after out of Circulation, and consequently no part of the 
Selectmens Draughts for the payment of Schoolmasters, and 
Other Servants of the Town, nor those of the Overseer's for the 
support of the Poor have been paid 

The Committee are of Opinion that the Sum of Twelve Thou- 
sand Pounds lawfull Monie, or 22,500 in Bills of the new Emis- 
sion, was Voted in May last to be raised by a Tax, and one third 
of said Sum to be appropriated to discharge part of the Debts due 
from the Town for Monies borrowed, which Tax being to be paid 
in Bills of the New Emission, and when received, the Whole will 
remain useless in the Treasurey Unless the Creditors of the Town 
will consent to receive their pay in those Bills at some rate that 
may be agreed on by a Committee appointed for that purpose 

The Committee therefore propose to the consideration of the 
Town, whether they Will, at present raise a further Sum by a Tax 
to be appropriated towards the payment of part of those Debts, 
and let those Bills remain in the Treasury, untill Government 
shall make provision for their Redemption or whether they will 
appoint a Committee to dispose of said Bills on the best terms 
that can be Obtained 

[25.] The foregoing Report having been read and ; after some 
debate had thereon (it was moved that a Committee be now ap- 
pointed agreeable to said Report, to dispose of the Bills, of the 
New Emission Money, now in the Treasurey, for the most they can 
obtain and the Question being Accordingly put Passed in 
the Negative 

It was then Moved, that the Monies above mentioned be dis- 
posed of for the payment of the Towns Debts the Question 
being put Passed in the Negative 

It was also moved, that the first Vote negativing the disposing 
of said Monies as Reported by the Committee be reconsidered, 
and the Question being put passed in the Negative 

It was then 

Voted, that the Sum of Six thousand Pounds, be 
raised by a Tax on the Polls and ratable Estates of the Inhabitants 
of this Town, for defreying the necessary Expences of the present 
Year 

On a Motion, Voted, that a Committee be now Appointed, to 
waite upon his Excellency the Governor, to Acquaint him with the 
Apprehensions of the Inhabitants, of dangers from a Vessels lay- 
ing near the Town, said to have several thousand barrels of 
Powder on board and praying his Excellency to take such Meas- 
ures thereon, as he may apprehend the safety of the Town requires 
also 

Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be a Committee for 
that purpose 

The Committee Appointed to take the Matter of the 



214 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Letter from the Town of Marblehead relative to the Fisher}', into 
consideration Reported a set of Instructions to be given the Gen- 
telmen who Represent this Town in the General Court as also a 
sircular Letter to be forwarded by the Selectmen And the Same 
having been read the Question was put. Viz'. Whether the 
Town will now Instruct their Representatives relative to the Fish- 
ery, as recommended by the Committee, which passed in the 
Affermative 

The Instructions Reported by the Committee being read and 
considered, the Question was put Whether said Instructions be 
given to the Gentlemen who Represent the Town in the General 
Court passed in the Affermative The Instructions are as 
follows Viz'. 

Gentlemen, 

The brilliant successes which have attended the Allied Arms 
through the course of the proceeding Campaign, afords us the 
most flattering prospects that our Enemies (though hitherto Obste- 
nate to a degree of infatuation) will soon sue for Peace. In the 
conditions of that Peace, Your constituants feel themselves as 
deeply and immediately interested as any Part of the Powers at 
War ; but from an equal desire to promote the general welfare of 
the Federal Republick, and the Safety & [27.] Happiness of this 
Commonwealth, they think it their duty to Open to you their Sen- 
tements on the importance of that Principle Branch of the Eastern 
Trade, the Fishery, and the Necessaty of confirming a rite to it by 
an express Article of the Treat}' of Peace The present De- 
cayed State of a Number of our Maritime Towns contrasted with 
their flourishing Situation previous to the present Contest, is a 
striking proof, not only of the Advantages of the Fishery to the 
commercial part of the Commonwealth, but the immediate ruin 
that follows the want of it ; and if any of their Sister Towns can 
boast more eligible circumstances, their riches are derived from a 

source which is but temporary and will last only with the War 

The stagnation of the Fishery furnished us with means, for Cr 
using against the Enemy's property, and its to the astonishing 
Successes that have hitherto Attended that kind of enterprize that 
we owe the principle part of our present Trade And though the 
Merchants of some of our Seaports have lately made considerable 
importations from the differant European Markets, yet 'tis from a 
Source not more lasting than the Other, that they derive their 
Ability to do it. The introduction of Foreign Armies an Navies 
amougest us, has created great demands for our internal Supplies 
those Supplies have furnished our Merchants with exchange, and 
enabled them to make large remittances. 

[28.] In Addition to which the Exportation of Gold and 
Silver, during the Paper currency, has constituted no inconsid- 
erable part of the Ballance of our Trade. But if it is Obvious to 
the Eye of every One, that these resources of our Wealth must 
inevitably fail with the War And in a Time of Peace, like all 
Other Nations, we must depend only upon the Staple Commodities 
of our own Country, for the Support of our commerce These 
commodities exclusive of the Fishery, will consist only of Lumber, 



BOSTOX TOWN RECORDS, 1781. 215 

and a small quantity of Inland Provisions. These Articles were 
never supposed more than Sufficient to ballauce our West India 
Importations ; for every European Article of consumption there- 
fore (which was formerly paid for by our Fish and Oyl) the Trade 
must be in debt. How fast that debt will accumilate, & how 
long it will take to ruin the Trade, & impoverish the Country, 
may be seen by the calculations of the Merchants of this Town in 
the year 1769, by which it appears that upwards of Four hundred 
Vessells were constantly employed in the Fishery, and the Annual 
Profits of their Labour amounted to upwards of 160,000 Sterling ; 
the whole of this was remitted to Great Britain for payment of the 
Merchandizes, Annually imported from that Island : It therefore 
follows that without this Staple, we must either Content ourselves 
to forego the Use of all European commodities, or become meer 
carriers [29.] to the rest of the World ; the former from habit 
is become impracticable ; and the latter is too Mortifying to sub- 
mit to, and to inconsiderable in its prospects to be considered as 
an Equivalent. 

It is hence also easey to conceive (though we Apprehend need- 
less to urge) of how vast an importance the preservation of this 
Trade is to every Other part of the Commonwealth The various 
Mechanicks, necessarily employed in the building, rigging and 
fitting out such a Number of Vessels, must without it be destitute 
of Subsistance ; And the great quantities of provisions, expended 
by our Fishermen, and the Timber made use of in Building the 
Vessells, together with the Staves, Hoops, &c. made use of in 
the exportation of the Fish & Oyl, will convince us, that the loss 
of the Fishery must essentially affect our inland Brethren; And 
without urging the more remote Argument, that the wealth & 
Strength of every Nation depends on the prosperity, and increase 
of its commerce it is evident, that the vast debt we have found 
it necessary to contract in the present War, together with all the 
publick Taxes we may hereafter be Oblidged to raise, on the fail- 
ure of the Trade, or in proportion to its dimenution, must In- 
evitably fall on the Landed Interest And when they consider, 
what a great Part of the Publick Taxes is paid by the Mercantile 
Towns, and that the Country are in a great Measure enabled to 
pay their proportion of them by vending their produce in the Sea 
Ports, it is clear, that upon the depopulation of the Maritime, and 
the additional [3O.] Weight of Taxes on the Country Towns, 
which must follow the loss of our Trade, the Burthen will be to 
them Intolerable But the reasons need not be local For though 
the Inhabitants of the other States are not so immediately af- 
fected by the loss of the Fishery, yet we conceive it not less im- 
portant to the whole Confederacey, than to us, in its political 
Consequences. Their future rank among the Nations of the 
Earth will depend on their Naval Strength ; & if they mean to 
be a Commercial People, it behoves them to be Able at all times 
to protect their Commerce ; The means by which they can pro- 
cure that protection & Naval Strength, is to give incouragemeut 
to that kind of Trade among themselves, which will best serve as 
a Nursery for Seamen. 



216 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

The importance of the Fishery in this view is obvious from the 
valuable acquisitions made in the beginning of the War by our 
Privateers, seven eighths of which where manned from this source : 
And though from this circumstance our Enemies, Open and 
Secreat, have endeavoured to allarm the Other States of the Union 
with an Idea, that the possession of the Fishery will give a 
dangerous Supperiority of Strength -to the Eastern States, & so 
have Attempted to disunit us in the claim of it ; yet we are con- 
fident, their wicked designs must prove abortive, when 'tis con- 
sidered that (if we were disposed to be a faithless and a treacherous 
People) [31.] Our Necessities for the Use of the Southern com- 
modities, and the Advantages we shall derive thereby a Circuitous 
Trade from Their Ports to Foreign Markets, will forever make it 
the Interest of Eastern States to preserve the Confederation per- 
petual ; and will always be a Security to the Southern States 
against the abuse of any Superiority of Strength which the Fishery 
may be supposed to give us. Should it be said, that the Right 
we claim, is a Right Common to all Nations, and that we shall 
therefore be intitled to the use of it, whether it is made an express 
Article of Treaty or not : We answer, that it can injure no 
Power to confirm our Natural rights by express Acknowledge- 
ment, if they honestly intend we shall enjoy them ; and if they 
decline making this Acknowledgment, it is a just cause of sus- 
picion that their intentions are not honest. But we know the 
Haughty Kingdom with whome we are at War ; and her annalls 
furnish us with instances of her Sovereigns claiming by solemn 
Acts the Empire of the Seas, and setting bounds to Other In- 
de pendant Nations in the Use of that element, to which by the 
Laws of Nature, they had an equal Title. And France herself 
(now the greatest Naval Power upon Earth) has found it necessary 
to be admitted by Treaty to the participation of that very right 
for which we now contend. And why should we imagine That 
Great Britain will be more tender of the Natural rights of the 
United States, than she has been of those of Other Nations, who 
were [32.] Infinately better Able to resist her unlawfull Claims 
upon the Ocean. On the contrary, have we not every reason to 
expect, that her Resentment, heightened by disappointment will 
induse her to revenge her Self on the States, as soon as a Con- 
venient Opportunity presents its self ; & unless this Rite is guar- 
anteed to us by the Negotiating Powers she will undoubtedly 
make this the Cause of her Quarrel : and the Instant she Attacks 
on this Pretence, the whole Confederacy must be involved in a 
War; For the Fishery having been uninteruptedly enjoyed by 
our Ancestors from Time immemorial & secured to them by 
Charter, in an Ancient Priviledge, & one of those Liberties, for 
the security of which, that firm league of Friendship was enter'd 
into by the Thirteen States, so clearly Stipulated in the Third 
Article of their Confederation. It is therefore the duty, Seconded 
by the clearest interest of every State within the Federal Union, 
to have this right explicitly Acknowledged in the Treaty of Peace, 
as the only means of securing to themselves a lasting & a Happy 
one From these Considerations, Gentleman, we instruct & 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1781. , 217 

direct you, in the Approaching Sessions of the Legislature of this 
Commonwealth to move for & to use your innuance to procure an 
Application to Congress, that they would give positive Instructions 
to their Commissioners for negotiating a Peace, to [33.] make 
the right of the United States to the Fishery an Indispensible 
Article of the Treaty. 

The Town took into consideration the Circular Letter Reported 
by the foregoing Committee, whereupon 

Voted, that a Circular Letter be sent by the Town as recom- 
mended by said Committee also 

Voted, that the Selectmen be requested to transmit the Letter 
that shall be agreed on, to the Maritime Towns in this Common- 
wealth also 

Voted, that the Circular Letter Reported by the Committee 
aforesaid be recommitted, said Committee to make Report again 
at the Adjournment 

The Committee to consider the Memorial of the Assessors, 
relative to Deliuquint Classes Reported verbally That in their 
Judgement it would not be expedient for the Town to take any 
measures respecting this Matter 

The Question was put. Whether the foregoing Report be agree- 
able to the Town passed in the affermative. 

A Letter from John Bradford Esq r . relative to the Men he had 
procured for the Continental Army, and praying relief of the 
Town, from part of the burden he has born in consequence of his 
lill [sic] State of Health was read whereupon 

[34.] Voted, that a Committee be appointed to consider said 
Letter, and Report what they apprehend proper to be done thereon 
Voted, that Col. Davis [Daws?] 
Caleb Davis Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Walley 
be a Committee for that purpose 

on a Motion Voted, that a Committee be appointed to prepare and 
present a Complimentary Address to the Hon blc : Major General 
the Marquis De la Favette in the Name of the Town 

Voted, that the Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . Mod r . 
Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
Samuel Barret Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Adjourned to Fryday next 3. O'Clock Afternoon, to meet at 
Representatives Chamber 

Fryday the 14 th Day of December 3 O'Clock. P.M: met Accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to prepare and present an Address to 
the Hon ble : Major General the Marquis de la Favette to express 
the most cordial esteem and affection of the Inhabitants for the 
Marquis Reported that they had presented to him the following 
Address Viz 1 . 

To the Honourable Major General the Marquis de la Fayette 

[35.] Sir 

We have the honor of waiting upon you in the Name & by the 



218 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Directions of the Inhabitants of Boston in Town Meeting Assem- 
bled in Faneiul Hall to express their Sentiments of Joy on your 
safe return to this Metropolis 

\Ve Assure you from them, that they Still bear in their Minds a 
great-full Remembrance of the early disinterested and decided Part 
you took with Americans while they were resisting a/one, the Hand 
of British Tyrany 

Your Sacrifice of dornestick Enjoyment to the Cause of God & 
Humanity Your generous Exertions in a foreign Country, in 
Support of that Cause ; & the Success which has crowned those 
exertions, so dangerous to your own Person, have in the Opinion 
of the Town, added a Lustur to your exalted Rank, and give you a 
Name and a Place in the first Lists of American Patriots & Heroes 

It is with Regret that they have been made acquainted that 
your Present Viset must be short : But though your Residence in 
the Town, would have afforded them an unspeakable Satisfaction, 
they will acquiesce in your Departure, from the Regard that they 
owe to their Country ; being fully persuaded that your presence 
in Europe at a critical Conjecture, will give you the Opportunity 
of rendering most substantial Service to the joint interest of 
France & the United States 

[36.] The Inhabitants most fervently pray the Almighty God 
to take you under His Protection to guard you from Danger in 
your Voyage, and to give you an happy Meeting with your Family, 
your private Conections and your Native Country : Assuring 
themselves that you will there be embraced with every Sentiment 
of Gratitude and Affection, and receive the approbation of the 
King your Sovereign Boston December 14 th 1781 

To which the Marquis returned the following Answer 

Gentlemen 

The past Obligations I have been under to the In- 
habitants of this Capital, and the New Favour they now confer 
upon me, have impressed my Heart with the most lively Sense of 
Attachment and Gratitude. 

To have been Admitted among you from an early Period, in the 
Defence of the Cause of Liberty will forever be the happiest Cir- 
cumstance in my Life. But it becomes more particularly so, when 
it is so kindly remembered by those who first began the Noble 
Contest, and who have ever since been so conspicuous in its 
Support 

Nothing could induce me to leave this Continent even for a short 
Period, before I had the Satisfaction to see my Friends in this 
Town Be pleased Gentelmen to Accept my most respectfull 
Acknowledgements to your [37.] good Wishes. The Height of 
my Ambition would be, and particularly to gratify those Affection- 
ate Sentiments which forever devote me to this Metropolis. 

LA FAYETTE 

On a Motion, Voted, that the Town Clerk be directed to pub- 
lish the aforegoing Address & Reply in the several News Papers 

The Committee to prepare a Circular Letter Reported a draught 
of one, which was considered paragraph by paragraph, and the 
Question was then put Viz. Whether this Letter shall be 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1781. 219 

adopted by the Town as a Circular Letter to the Maritime Towns 
in this Commonwealth Passed in the Affermative 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to procure printed Copies 
of said Letters, & forward the same to the Maritime Towns, 
Agreeable to a former Vote. 

The following is the Circular Letter Reported by the Committee 
Viz 1 . 

Gentlemen 

The Inhabitants of the Town of Boston^ legally As- 
sembled, have taken into consideration a matter which they con- 
ceive all the other Maritime Towns, in this & the Neighbouring 
States are equalley, and some of them more nearly interested then 
thay. It is the Subject of the [38.] Fishery, and the great im- 
portance of a Common right therein being secured to the United 
States, whenever a Treaty of Peace shall be concluded. To flatter 
ourselves with so happy a Prospect, so far as to neglect the neces- 
sary preperations for another vigorous campaign, would indeed be 
unbecoming the Wisdom of Americans ; & yet so important has 
been the Success of the Allied Arms, the last year, that it would 
Seem to be madness in extreem for Britain any longer to persist in 
her unrighteous claims. But Wisdom has forsakin her Counsels 

We ought to presume, that the Supreme Representatives of these 
States will have an equal regard in so momentous a Crisis to the 
rights of each individual. We would not Suggest the contrary. 
But may it not be supposed, that Persons whose situation is 
remote from the Fisher}', & who derive Advantages from it in its 
more distant effects and not directly perceivable, are probably not 
so attentive to its unspeakable importswice, as others who are im- 
mediately concerned, & depend upon it as the only Source of their 
Commerce and even their Subsistence, If this Should be the fact, 
would not States so immediately interested in the Fishery as ours, 
be justly criminated by the Others, if we should neglect Seasonably 
to lay before them our own sense of the necessaty of an express 
Article in a Treaty of Peace for its security ; Should we not be 
wanting to ourselves [39.] in a most essential Point, and be 
chargeable by all Posterity, with the Sacrifising our & their in- 
valuable Rights, by unpardonable carelessness ; Such is the Senti- 
ment of this Town. And though we would be far from obtruding 
this or any Sentiment of Ours upon Others, we cannot but think 
Ourselves justifiable in candidly recommending it to their Serious 
deliberation 

This Town have judged it necessary to instruct their- Represen- 
tatives in the General Court on the Subject, the Instructions are 
inclosed. Many other & cogent reasons might have been urged, 
and will undoubtedly be made use of by you, if you Should think 
it proper to take the matter into your Consideration. Should we be 
so fortunate as to have your full concurrance in Opinion ^with us, 
we assure ourselves that we shall be equally fortunate in the Aid 
we shall receive from your concurrent exertions. - 

In the Name and by Order of the Town of Boston in Meeting 
legally Assembled December the 14 th . 1781 

WILLIAM COOPER Town Clerk 



220 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

A Letter from M r . Hunt Master of the South Grammer School, 
relative to the pay he had received as Schoolmaster was read, 
whereupon 

Voted, that a Committee be Appointed to take this Letter into 
consideration [4:0.] Also the sirurlar circumstances of the Other 
School Masters, and to Report thereon at the Adjournment 
Voted, that Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 
Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 
John Lucas 
be a Committee for that purpose 

Moved & Voted, that an Additional Instruction be given the 
Above named Committee ; to take into consideration the similar 
Circumstances of other Servants of the Town who have Salaries 
Assigned them 

On a Motion Voted, that a Committee be appointed to take into 
consideration the present arangement of the publick Schools in 
the Town ; and to Report what further improvements may be 
made thereon, as soon as may be also. 

Voted, that the Hon ble . Samuel Adams EsqJ. ( 
John Lowell Esq r . 
Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 
Samuel Barret Esq r . 
Robert T. Payne Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

The Petition of the Assessors, " that the Town would Vote 
them such pay, for their services as may appear fitt was read 
whereupon 

Voted, that Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 
Nathaniel Appleton P2sq r . 
John Lucas Esq r . 

be a Committee to take this Petition into consideration [41.] and 
Report thereon as soon as may be 

The Committee relative to North Battery, Reported, the 
Appraisement that had been made of said Estate in August last 
pursuant to the order of the Town, whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are directed & im- 
powered to proceed in disposing of the Estate called North Bat- 
tery, for such a Sum as may appear to them to be for the interest 
of the Town, and if Money is not to be obtained, then upon a Credit 
not exceeding twelve months with good security and Interest, and 
the said Selectmen are im powered to give a Deed of Bargain & 
Sale to the Purchaser or Purchasers in the Name of the Town. 
Moved & Voted, that a Committee be appointed to consult with 
M r . Hodgden the Commissary of Military Stores as to the best 
place to remove the Powder Ship to, and to request his doing it as 
soon as may be also 

Voted, that John Brown Esq r . 

M r . Thomas Walley 
Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r . 
M r . Samuel Whitwell 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 



BOSTON Towx RECORDS, 1781. 221 

The Article iu the Warfaut Viz'. 

" To consider what steps Shall be taken to prevent damage to 
the Common by the passing of Carriages " was read whereupon 

[42.] Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to make the 
usual Repairs as Soon as may be 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To consider what Repairs 
shall be given those Streets, where the Pavements are much dam- 
aged" was read whereupon Voted, that a Committee be 
appointed to take these Articles into consideration, and to Report 
at March Meeting and that this Committee be desired and im- 
powered to make Application to the General Court, for their help 
& Assistance in giving necessary Repairs to said Streets also 
Voted, that John Lowell Esq r . 
Col. Daws 

Robert Treat Payne Esq r . 
Col. Hitchbourne Esq'. 
Caleb Davis Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. ' To consider what further 
Steps shall be taken relative to the Town Watch, was read 
whereupon 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed to answer the Se- 
lecttnens Draughts for Such an amount of the Bills of the New 
Emission Money, as may be sufficient for the Support of the 
Watch, and that the Money thus draughted, be appropriated for 
that purpose. 

[43.] On a Motion Voted, that when this Meeting be 
Adjourned, it shall be to Monday the 24 th Instant 3. 0. Clock 
P: M: to meet in this Place 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 



Monday December 24 th . 3. O. 'Clock Afternoon Met according 
to Adjournment 

M r . Adams in the Chair 

The Committee appointed to consider the request of the School- 
masters, Assessors and other Servants of the Town at their 
Meeting the 14 th December 1781 

Report, That the Treasurer settle with the Assessors, School- 
masters, and also with the Other Servants of the Town who have 
Salaries Assigned them by the Town, giving them credit for the 
Specie value of their several payments made them according to the 
Scale of Depreciation, and Report their several Balances to the 
Town as Soon as may be 

EBENEZER HANCOCK p Order 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered ; on a 
Motion made 

Voted, that the Report of the Committee be reconsidered, and 
that the Committee be instructed to enquire and Ascertain what 
losses the Schoolmasters may have sustained by the depreciation 
of the Paper Money [44.] comparing the Salaries received from 



222 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

year to year, with the Grants made them in 1774 the Committee 
to have no respect to any Sums granted to the Schoolmasters on 
Account of the high prices of the Necessaries of Life. 

On a Motion, Voted, that 

M r . John Sweetser 
M r . John Lowell 
be added to the Committee relative to School-Masters. 

The Committee appointed to take into consideration the Repre- 
sentation of John Bradford Esq r ., Report as follows 

Whereas it appears that John Bradford Esq r . was included in 
Six Classes for furnishing Six Me.n for the Continental Army, for 
three years, or during the War, and by his lill State of health was 
necessarily prevented from attending so closely to the buissness as 
otherwise he would in consequence of which he was a Second Time 
Classed in nine Classes, and thereby has received great loss aud 
damage, however he has now perfected the Business, and the Nine 
Men are procured by him and gone forward. Therefore in order 
to releive M r . Bradford from part of the burden he has been in 
consequence of his lill State of health aforesaid, aud as he has 
fully complied with the Requisition, it is unanimously the Opinion 
of the Committee that John Bradford Esq r . [45.] have a Grant 
made him upon the Town Treasurey for the Sum of Sixty Pounds 
Specie 

THOMAS DAWS p Order 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered. the 
Question was put Viz*. Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the negative 

Moved and Voted, that the Selectmen draw on the Town Treas- 
urer for the Services of the Assessors in 1781 at nine Shillings, 
p Day, for every Day they shall attend 

On a Motion, Voted, that a Committee be appointed to consider 
of proper and suitable Allowances to the Publick Schoolmasters 
for Six Months, commencing from the first of September last 
Voted, that Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 
Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 
John Lucas Esq r . 
M r . John Sweetser 
M r . John Lowell 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid. 

On a Motion, Voted, that the Vote which passed at a late Town 
Meeting respecting the pay of the Town Watch be reconsidered, 
and that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is Authorized 
aud directed to make Sale of so much of the Bills of the New 
Emission Money, now in his hands, or that may hereafter 
come into his hands as in the Judgement of the Selectmen shall 
be Sufficient for the payment of the Town Watch 

[46.] Adjourned to Monday fortnight being the 7 th of Janu- 
ary next 3. O.'Clock Afternoon, then to meet at this Place 

Monday the 7 th . Day of January 1782. 3. O'Clock Afternoon, 
met according to Adjournment 

The Committee relative to the publick Schoolmasters Reported 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1782. 223 

in writing the Statings of what M r . Hunt one of the Schoolmasters, 
had received in Monies, or should receive in order to take the 
Opinion of the Town the same having been read, and debate 
had thereon, it was Voted, that the aforementioned Committee 
Credet M r . Samuel Hunt the Master of the South Grammer School 
the Sum of Seven hundred and thirty-five Pounds, being from 
June 1776 to September 1781 and the Several Writing Masters 
in that proportion also 

Voted, that said Committee make the Schoolmasters chargable 
with the Specie value of the several Draughts made them by the 
Selectmen, agreable to the Votes of the Town, at the time they 
received payment for the Same, and that the Committee aforesaid 
Liquidate Accounts and Report again to the Town 

On a Motion Voted, that the Committee appointed by the Town 
to liquidate Accounts in the Town Treasurer's Books have regard 
to the [47.] Scale of Depreciation affixed by the General Court 
of this Commonwealth 

The Committee Appointed to consider of proper allowances for 
the Schoolmaster's for Six Months commencing from the first of 
September last Reported, whereupon 

Voted, that the sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . Samuel Hunt for his Salary as Master of the South 
Grammer School for Six Months 

Voted, that the sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . Nathan Davis, for his Salary as Master of the North 
Grammer School for Six Months, the same to be paid him Quar- 
terly as it shall become due, and to commence from the first of 
September last 

Voted, that the sum of Ninety pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . James Carter, for his Salary as Master of the Writing School 
in Queen Street for Six Months, the same to be paid him quar- 
terly as it shall become due and to commence from the first of 
September last 

Voted, that the Sum of Ninety Pounds, be allowed and paid 
unto M r . James [sic] Tilestonfor his Salary as Master of the North 
Writing School for six Months the same to be paid him Quarterly 
as it shall become due [48.] and to commence from the first 
of September last 

Voted, that the Sum of Ninety Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . John Vinal, for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in the Common for Six Months the same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence from the first 
of September last 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . William Croswell for his Sallary as Usher of the South Gram- 
mar School for Six Months, the same to be paid him Quarterly as 
it shall become due, and to commence from the first of September 
last 

Voted, that M r . John Tileston Master of the North Writing 
School be allowed for House Rent at the Rate of Forty Pounds p 
Annum, the same to commence the first of September last 

Voted, that M r . Nathan Davis Master of the North Grammer 



224 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

School be allowed for House Rent at the rate of Forty Pounds p 
Annum the same to commence from the first of September last 

Voted, that M r . John Vmal Master of the Writing School in the 
Common be allowed for House Rent at the Rate of Fort} r [49.] 
Pounds p Annum the same to commence from the first of Septem- 
ber last 

Moved, that a Committee be now Appointed to raise by Sub- 
scription three hundred Dollars, for the purpose of procuring two 
Men for three years or during the War, to compleat this Towns 
Quota of. Men for the Continental Army, the same to be paid into 
the hands of Colonel Procter for said purpose, and that the Town 
Treasurer give his Notes for the Sums borrowed, payable out of 
the present Tax. 

The Question being accordingly put Passed in the Afferma- 
tive 

Voted, that Col. Melville 

M r . Thomas Whalley 
John Lucas Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

On a Motion, Voted, that the several Notes given by the Town 
Treasurer to the Assessors for services by them rendered the 
Town in Seventeen hundred and Eighty, shall carry lawfull 
Interest from the date of the Selectmens Draughts 

Moved and Voted, that all Matters and Things which shull 
remaine unfinished at this Meeting be referred over to the next 
General Town Meeting 

Voted, that the thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . Moderator of this Meeting 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



5O.] At a Meeting of the Freeholder's and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston duly qualified & legalh' warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneiul Hall on Monday the 5 th . 
Day of March Anno Domini 1781 [1782] 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

John Brown Esq 1 '. 
was chosen Moderator of this Meeting 

The Committee appointed by the Town the 6 th . of March last 
to apply to a proper Gentleman to deliver an Oration the 5 th . of 
March Instant to perpetuate the Memory of the horred Massacre 
perpetrated on the Evening of the 5 th . of March 1770, by a Party 
of Soldiers under the Command of Cap*. Thomas Preston of the 
29 th . Regiment 

Reported That having met several Times for the purpose 
mentioned in the Town Vote, they have unanimously made Choice 
of M r . George Richards Minot to deliver an Oration on the 5 th of 
March Ins 4 , who had accordingly Accepted of that service 

The foregoing Report having been made the Question was put 
Viz 1 . Whether the same shall be accepted Passed in the Afferm- 
-ative 



BOSTON TOWN KECOIIDS, 1782. 225 

[51.] Upon the Motion, the Town took into consideration, 
what would be the best time to have the Oration pronounced, as 
also what place would be most suitable for the purpose where- 
upon 

Voted, that the Oration be delivered, at the Old Brick Meeting 
House the Hall not being capacious enough to receive the Inhabi- 
tants, that Attend upon the Occasion 

Voted, that Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 
Nathaniel Barber Esq r . 
John Brown Esq r . 

be a Committee to wait upon M r . George Richards Minot, and 
acquaint him, that it is the desire of the Town, that the Oration 
may be delivered at the Old Brick Meeting House at half past 12. 
O'Clock this Day as also to ask leave of the Committee of said 
Church for the use of that Building 

On a Motion Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to 
order the severall Bells in the Town to be tolled from one 
quarter of an Hour After nine O'Clock this Evening untill 10: 
O Clock 

Adjourned to the Old Brick Meeting House, half past 12. 
O'Clock 

The Town met at the Old Brick Meeting House half past 12. 
O'Clock according to Adjournment 

[52.] The Committee appointed to wait upon M r . George 
Richard Minot, to acquaint him with the Vote, of the Town, re- 
specting the time and place for the delivery of an Oration 
Reported 

That said Gentleman was ready to comply with the Order of 
the Town 

An Oration to commemorate the horred Massacre of the 5 th . of 
March 1770 and to impress upon the Minds of the Citizens, the 
ruineous tendency of standing Armies being placed in Free and 
Populous Cities &c was delivered by M r . George Richards Minot 
to a large and crowded Assembly and received by them with great 
Applause 

On a Motion made, Voted, that 

John Brown Esq r . Moderator 

Nathan Frazier Esq r . 

William Cooper Esq r . 

John Lucas Esq r . 

Josiah Waters Jun r . Esq r . 

John Scollay Esq r . 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to wait upon M r . 
George Richards Minot and in the Name of the Town to Thank 
him for the spirited and elegant Oration delivered by him at 
their request, in commemoration of the horred Massacre perpe- 
trated on the Evening of the 5 th . of March 1770 by a Party of 
Soldiers of the 29 th . Regiment under [53.] the Command of 
Cap'. Thomas Preston, and to request of him a Copy thereof for 
the Press 



226 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

On a Motion made Voted, that 

John Brown Esq r . Moderator 

M r . George Richards Minot 

Cap*. Elias Parkman 

Thomas Daws Esq r . 

Cap 1 . William Maekay , 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Apply to a proper 
Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the 5 th . of March next, to 
perpetuate the Memory of the horred Massacre, perpetrated on 
the Evening of the 5 th . of March 1770 by a Party of Soldiers of 
the 29 th Regiment under the Command of Cap*. Thomas Preston ; 
and to impress upon our Minds the ruineous tendency of Standing 
Armies being placed in free & Populous Cities in a time of peace ; 
and the necessity of such noble exertions in all future times, as 
the Inhabitants of the Town then made, whereby the designs of 
the Conspierators Against the publick Peace, may be still 
frustrated 

a Petition of M r . Robert Patterson "setting forth, " that he re- 
ceived a wound in his Right Arm on the 5 th . of March 1770. by a 
Shot from Prestons Party, whereby he has entirely lost the use of 
it ; and that since the death of M r . Monk he is the only one of the 
unhappy number then badly wounded, that survive," and therefore 
praying the Charity of the Town was read, whereupon 

[54.] Voted, that a Collection be made at the close of this 
Meeting, for the said unhappy Sufferer, and Boxes were placed at 
each Door to receive the Collections 

The Collection made for the said M r . Patterson, amounted to 
the Sum of 

Then the Meeting was dessolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legall} 7 warned, in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneiul Hall on Monday the 11 th . Day of 
March Anno Domini 1782. 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . D r . Cooper 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read, 

Sundry Laws enjoined to be read at this Meeting, were accord- 
ingly, read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, and the same being 
brought in and sorted it appeared that 

[55.] TheHon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . was chosen Moderator 

William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing, 
and took the Oath of Office for the f aithf ull discharge of his Duty 
which Oath was Administred by M r . Justice Price 

The Town having determined by a Vote to choose seven Select- 
men, the Inhabitants were then directed to withdraw and bring in 
their Votes for that number, and the same being brought in and 
sorted, it appeared that the following Gentlemen Viz*. 
John Scollay Esq r . 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 227 

Cap'. Gustavus Fellows 

Harbottle Dorr Esq r . 

Nathan Frazier Esq r . 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

Cap*. William Maekay 
were chose Selectmen for the year ensuing unanimously 

The inhabitants as directed by the Moderator, brought in their 
Votes for twelve Overseers of the Poor and upon sorting them it 
appeared, that 

The Hon ble . William Phillips Esq r . 

Isaac Smith Esq r . 

M r . Jonathan Mason 

Cap'. Samuel Partridge 

M r . Samuel Whitwell 

M r . John White 
[56.] Edward Proctor Esq r , 

William Powell Esq r . 

John Sweetser Esq r . 

Samuel Barret Esq r . 

M r . Nicholas Bowes 

Joseph Webb Esq r . 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing 

David Jeffries Esq r . Town Treasurer having sent into the Town 
in Writing his resignation of said Office The Inhabitants were 
directed to withdraw and bring in their Votes for a Town Treas- 
urer, and the same being brought in and sorted, it appeared, 
that 

M r . Peter Boyer 
was chosen Town Treasurer for the ensuing Year 

On a Motion, Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given unto David Jeffries Esq r . for his good and faithfull ser- 
vices as Treasurer of this Town, for Thirty One Years suc- 
cessively 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes, for a County Treasurer, 
and the Same being Sealed up in Town Meeting, were delivered to 
Constable Smith, to be by him returned to the Court of General 
Sessions of the Peace at their next Meeting 

Moved & Voted, that the Inhabitants [57.] prepare a List of 
Substantial Men for Constables to be brought in at the Adjourn- 
ment of this Meeting in the Afternoon 

Moved & Voted, that in consideration of the inclemency of the 
Weather this Meeting when Adjourned, shall be to the Represen- 
tatives Chamber 

Adjourned to three O'Clock Afternoon to meet at the Repre- 
sentatives Chamber 

3. O'Clock P: M: Met according to Adjournment 

On a Motion made the Question was put Viz 1 : Whether 

Collectors of Taxes shall be chose sepperate from Constables 

Passed in the Affermative 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 

Votes for a Committee of Correspondence Inspection and Safety 



228 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

And the same being brought in and Sorted, it appeared, 
that, 

Nathaniel Barber Esq r . 
Edward Proctor Esq r . 
Cap 1 . John Pulling 
Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 
Cap 1 . Isaac Phillips 
Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 
Thomas Melvill Esq r . 
Jonathan Mason Jun r . Esq r . - 
Edward Greene Esq r . 

[58.] were chose a Committee of Correspondence &c for the 
Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for Sixteen Fire Wards, and 
the same having been sorted, it appeared, that 
John Scollay Esq r . 
William Cooper Esq r . 
Francis Shaw Esq*. 
Edward Proctor Esq r . 
Cap'. John Pulling 
Caleb Davis Esq r . 
Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Tileston 
Andrew Syrns Esq r . 
Cap 1 . Gustavus Fellows 
Joseph Webb Esq r . 
Cap*. John Ballard 
M r . John Winthrop 
M r . John Lowell 
Major Thomas Melvill Esq r . 
Jabez Hatch Esq r . 
were chosen Fire Wards for the ensuing Year 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . " To consider the Request of 
a great Number of the Inhabitants that they have the Use of Fan- 
euiel Hall to be entertained with M r . Templemans Exhibitions " 
was read, and after longe debate, the Question was put. Viz 1 . 
Whether it be the Mind of the Town that agreeable to the request 
aforesaid M r . Templeman may have the use of Faneuil Hall for 
his Exhibitions [59.] a doubt arising with respect to the 
Number of hands in faviour of the request and against it ; a 
Motion was made that the Petitioners have leave to withdraw 
their Petition, which passed in the Affermative 

A Motion for the choice of Collectors at this time did not obtain 
The following Persons were chose Clerks of the Market for the 
Year ensuing Viz 1 : 

Mess": Narborah Frazier 
Joseph Head 
Nathaniel Jarvis 
Daniel Biggelow 
Samuel Conant Jun r : 
Thomas Carter 
Benjamin Colman 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 229 

Joseph Foster 
Samuel Amory 
Joseph Whiting 
John "Welch Jun r . 

Moved & Voted, that when this Meeting be Adjourned, it be to 
to Morrow Morning 10. O'Clock 

Moved and carried, that to Morrow 11. O Clock be assigned 
for the choice of Assessors 

Moved & Voted, that the choice of Constables be Assigned over 
to to Morrow 10. O Clock Forenoon 

[6O.] Major Edward Carnes 

M r . William MNeil 

were chose Surveyors of Hemp for the Year ensuing 
Mess": Benjamin Page 
John Stimpson 
Joseph Ayres 
Jonathan Stodder 
Edmund Ranger 
William Moor 
Abraham Howard 
Clement Collins Jim r . 
Samuel Fenno 
William Todd 
Uriah Norcross 
James Rogers 
Daniel Brown 
Joseph Butler 
John Stutson 
Joseph Ballard 
Abijah Crane 
John Dyer 
John Bell 
John Arnold 
Benjamin White 
Joseph Pay son 
Thomas Uran 
John Presson 
John Bulfinch 

were chose Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing 
Mess": Samuel Todd 

William Clough 

[61.] Jonathan Stodder 

Joseph Daniels 
Israel Loring 

were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing 
Mess": Isaac Bird 

Joseph Hayden 
John Fenno Jun r : 
Samuel Bangs 
Nathan Green 
were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing 



230 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

M r . Adam Colson 

was chosen Informer of Deer for the Year ensuing 
Mess 18 : Robert Hitehburne 

John Owen 

John M c Elroy 

Manassah Masters 

Thomas Barber 

Joshua Pico 

Samuel Hayley 

Cap*. David Spear 

Lemuel Gardner 

John Lambert 

Joseph Loring 

Daniel Bell 

were chose Cullers of Staves for the ensuing Year 
Mess rs : Jeremiah Russel 

Henry Plimpton 

Edward Jones 

William Sharp 

were chose Hogreeves for the year ensuing 
[62.] Mess rs : George Hamlin 

Samuel Curtis 
were chose Haywards for the ensuing Year 

Ward 

Mess 1 " 8 . Nathaniel Baker Jun r . - ... No. 1 
Cap 1 . John Lambert ------- 2 

Joseph Prince ------- 3 

John Cogswell ------- 4 

Samuel Sumner ------ 5 

Jeremiah Bumsted 6 

Ephraim Copeland ----- 7 

John Kennedy 8 

Zipheon Thayer 9 

Joseph Shed 10 

George Langley ------ n 

Henry Bass 12 

were chose Scavingers for the following or ensuing year 
Mess rs : John Skinner 

Thomas Green 

were chosen Assay Masters for the year ensuing 
Voted, that Major Thomas Melville Esq r . 

M r . Thomas Walley 
Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r . 
M r . Hermon Brimmer 
Josiah Waters Esq r 
M r . John Lowell 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Accompts 
of M r . Peter Boyer Treasurer, and also the Accompts of the 
Overseers of the Poor; and the said Committee are impowered 
when they shall Audit said Accompts, to allow such of the Over- 
seers, as shall have [63.] Advanced Monies for the Relief of the 
Poor ; Interest on all such Sums from the time so advanced, untill 
they shall have Audited said Accompts ; and they are also desired 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 231 

to Report from time to time a State of the Treasurer, respecting its 
debts and credits and on any matters that they may think proper 
and the Committee are also directed to examine the Draughts of 
the Selectmen 

The Selectmen 

were chose Surveyers of the High Ways for the Year ensuing 
Mess" : John White 

John Sweetser Esq r . 

John Lucas Esq r . 

were chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, and they 
are desired and impowered to give all needfull directions to the 
Keeper of the Granary, respecting the quantities of Grain to be 
Said, and affixing the prices thereof from time to time as oc- 
casion shall require ; and the said Committee are desired & directed 
to cause all the Grain belonging to the Town to be ground at the 
New Mills near the Mill Bridge 

John Tudor Esq r . 

William Kettle 

Edward Tuckerman 

Ebenezer Tory 

Samuel Brown 
were chose Surveyers of Wheat & Flour for the year ensuing 

[64.] The Petition of M r . Paul Farmer relative to his Taxes 
was read, whereupon 

Voted, that Nathanel Applet on Esq r . 

Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 

John Lucas Esq r . excused 

John Preston 

be a Committee to take the Same into consideration, and Report 
at the Adjournment 

The Petition of Cap 1 . Amasa Davis, respecting Monies due to 
him from the Town, was read, whereupon 

Voted, that Nath 1 . Appleton Esq r . 

Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 

John Preston 

be a Committee to consider the Petition and Report at the Ad- 
journment 

The Article in the Warrant. Viz 4 . " To consider what steps 
shall be taken for settling with the Board of War their demands 
on the Town for Small Arms &c " was read whereupon 
Voted, that Cap'. Isaac Phillips 

Major Thomas Melville Esq r . 

M r . Elisha Sigorney 

be a Committee to make enquirey relative to Small Arms which by 
a Resolve of Court passed May 6. 1777 the Board of War were 
directed, to deliver to the Selectmen, who were made accountable 
for the Same ; also what is [65.] become of the Cartridges deliv- 
ered the Military Officers of this Town, and make Report as soon 
as may be 

Moved and Voted, that a former Committee to purchase Small 
Arms be called upon ; to Report at the Adjournment of this 
Meeting 



232 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Adjourned to Tuesday next being the 12 th Instant 10. O'Clock 
in the Forenoon, then to meet at the Representatives Chamber 

Tuesday 3 O'Clock in the Afternoon met at the Representatives 
Chamber 

On a Motion made 

Voted, that a Committee be now appointed to made enquiry, 
whether the Gentlemen chosen Town Treasurer have usually given 
Bond for the faithfnll discharge of their Trust 
Voted, that M r . Samuel Whitwell 
Harbottle Dorr Esq r . 
Cap 1 . William Mackay 
be a Committee for this purpose to Report as Soon as may be 

Moved and Voted, that there be one more added to the Sur- 
veyers of Boards, and Things 

[66.] M r . John Ballard Jun r . 

was chosen a Surveyor of Boards for the Year ensuing 

This being the time Assigned for the choice of Constables, the 
Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their Votes for 
twelve Constables, and the same being brought in and sorted, it 
appeared, that 

M r . Josiah Simpson 
was chosen 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for eleven Constables for the Year ensuing and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted, it appeared, that only four 
Constables were chosen Viz 1 . 

Mess rs : Alexander M c Leod 
Samuel Whitney 
Elisha Byles 
Samuel Smith 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for seven Constables ; and the same being brought in and 
sorted, it appeared, that only one was chosen Viz'. 
M r . John Gray excused 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for six Constables ; and the same being brought in & sorted, 
it Appeared that 

[67. J Mess" : James Kirkwood ----- excused 

Thomas Grant - excused 

John Tuffts ------- sworn 

John Magner ------ excused 

John Dinsdell ------ excused 

William Patten ------ sworn 

were chose Constables for the Year ensuing 

Moved & Voted, that one more Person be chosen into the Office 
of Survey ers of Boards, 

M r . Henry Blaisdel 

was chosen a Surveyer of Boards, and Shingles, for the Year 
ensuing 

Moved & Voted, that the Town will now proceed to the choice 
of Seven Assessors 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 233 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for Seven Assessors, and the same being brought in & 
Sorted, it appeared, that 

Mess rs . William Lowder 
Moses May 
John R. Sigorney 
John Pulling 
Earth . Kneeland 
William Fleet 
Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 
were chose Assessors for the ensuing Year 

Cap 1 . Kirkwood chosen into the Office of a Constable for the 
Year ensuing, attended and [68.] informed the Town, that 
being bound to Sea, he desired he might be excused from serving 
in that Office, and he was accordingly excused 

Voted, that the Town will now come to the choice of a Con- 
stable 

Moved and carried that the foregoing Vote be reconsidered 
Moved and Voted, that a Committee be now Appointed to take 
into consideration what measures it will be proper for the Town 
to take relative to the outstanding Taxes in the new Emission 
Money ; and whether it will be necessary to raise any further Sum 
for defreying the Expences of the present year, and the Sum they 
Apprehend should be raised for that purpose 
Voted, that John Brown Esq r . 

Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r . 
M r . Joseph Barrel 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid to Report as soon as 
may be 

A Motion was made that the consideration of Salaries and 
Grants be referred over to May Meeting and the Question being 
put Passed in the Negative 

It was then moved and Voted, that Grants be now made the 
Several School Masters for their Salaries, for Six Months [69.] 
commencing from the I 4 : of March Instant 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . Samuel Hunt for his salary as Master of the South 
Grammer School for Six Months, commencing from the first of 
March Instant, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall be- 
come due 

Voted, that the Sura of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . Nathan Davis for his Salary as Master of the North 
Grammer School for Six Months commencing from the I 1 . March 
Ins 1 : the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due 
Adjourned to 3. O'Clock Afternoon 

3. O'Clock Afternoon met according to Adjournment 

M r . John Green 
was chosen a Clerk of the Market for the Year ensuing 

The Selectmen Reported, on the Visitation of the Schools the 
last year, and were Appointed Visitors for the Schools the present 
Year 



234 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

The Committee Appointed to make enquiry whether it had been 
usual for the [7O.] Town Treasurer to give Bond, for the faith- 
full discharge of their trust in that Office 

Reported, that the late Treasurer David Jeffries when first 
chosen into that Office, give Bond to 'the Selectmen in 1750 in the 
penal Sum of 10,000 -whereupon 

Voted, that M r . Peter Boyer who has been chosen Treasurer of 
this Town give Bonds with Surities, in the Sum of two Thousand 
Pounds for the f aithf ull discharge of his trust also 

Voted, that the said Treasurer be Notified of the choice the 
Town had made of him for Treasurer, and desired to give his 
Attendance at this Meeting 

The Treasurer Attended accordingly and was informed that the 
Town had made choice of him as their Treasurer, and had Voted, 
that he must give Bond with Sureties in the Sum of two Thousand 
Pounds, for his fidelity in that Office 

Voted, that the Sum of Ninety five Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . James Carter, for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in Queen Street for six Months the same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall become due and to commence from the first 
of March Instant 

[71.] Voted, that the Sum of Ninety five Pounds be allowed 
and paid unto M r . James [s/c] Tileston for his Salary as Master of 
the North Writing School for Six Months the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence from the 
first of March Ins 1 : 

Voted, that the Sum of Ninety Five Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . John Vinal for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in the Common for six Months the same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence from the first 
of March Ins 1 : 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . William Croswell for his Salarj 7 as Usher of the South Gram- 
mer School for Six Months the same to be paid him Quarterly as 
it shall become due, and to commence from the first of March 
Instant 

Voted, that M r . John Tileston Master of the North Writing 
School be allowed for six Months House Rent the Sum of 
Twenty Pounds, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall be- 
come due, and to commence from the first of March Instant 

Voted, that M r . Nathan Davis Master of the North Grammer 
be allowed & paid for Six Months House Rent the Sum of twenty 
Pounds, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due 
and to commence from the first of March Instant 

[72.] Voted, that M r . John Vinall Master of the Writing 
School in the Common be allowed and paid for six Mouths House 
Rent the Sum of Twenty Pounds the same to be paid him Quar- 
terly as it shall become due and to commence from the first of 
March Instant 

Moved and Voted, that one or more Persons be Added to the 
Committee, appointed to consider whether they can be a new 
arangement of the Publick Schools for the Advantage of the Town 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 235 

Voted that the Hon ble : Oliver Wendell Esq r . be Added to said 
Committee 

Moved that the Minds of the Inhabitants be taken whether the 
Town Treasurer shall be paid by a Commission on the Money, 
passing through his hands and the Question being accordingly 
put Passed in the Negative whereupon 

Voted, that M r . Peter Boyer be allowed and paid the Sum df 
One hundred Pounds for Six Months, services as Treasurer the 
same to be paid him as it shall become due 

The Committee appointed to consider what is proper to be done 
with respect to what is due upon the Tax which was to be paid in 
the New Emission Money at one & seven eights, Reported as their 
Opinion that no new Emission Money be received into the [73.] 
Town Treasury, After the tenth Day of April next, and all that 
may then be due shall be paid in Specie, so far as may be due on 
Account of the Town Tax 

That the Sum of One Thousand Pounds be Assessed on the In- 
habitants and appropriated for the Repairs of the Streets, as the 
Streets are in a ruineous Condition and daly growing worse and 
the Town has been complained of and are liable to be prosecuted 
by the Grand Jury for this omission 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered, the 
Question was put. Viz' Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affermative also 

Voted, that agreeable to the Above Report, the Sum of One 
Thousand Pounds .in Silver & Gold be raised by a Tax upon the 
Polls and rateable Estates of the Inhabitants of this Town ; and 
that the same be paid into the Town Treasurey and appropriated 
for the Repairs of the Streets in this Town now in a ruinous con- 
dition 

Moved and Voted, that the Consideration of what Sum of 
Money may be necessary to be Raised for the Expences of the 
present year ensuing, be referred over to the Annual Town Meet- 
ting in May Next 

[74.] The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . " To consider what 
Measures shall be adopted for the immediate procuring the Towns 
proportion of Men for the Continental Army, Agreeable to a late 
Resolve of the General Court was read whereupon 

Voted, that a Committee of thirty Six Persons be now appointed, 
three of whom are to be chosen out of each Ward, who are to 
Assist the Assessors in carrying the Resolve of the General Court 
for raising this Towns proportion of Men for the Continental Army 
into execution 

Ward. 

Voted, that Cap*. Thomas Adams 1 

Cap'. William Brown 

M r . William Fowle 

Cap 1 . Elias Parkman ___..- 2 

M r . Benjamin Burt 

M r . Alden Bass 

M r . John White- 3 

M r . Josiah Eliot 



236 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Ward. 

M r . Grant Webster 

Col. Nathaniel Barber 4 th . 

Col. Andrew Syms 

M r . Samuel Parkman 

Jonathan Williams Esq r . - 5 th . 

Cap'. William Mackey 

Cap 1 . Josiah Waters 

M r . Benjamin Jepson - - 6 th . 

Cap 4 . Samuel Barret 

M r . John Lowell excused 

Cap 1 . William Bell 
[75.] Cap*. Job Prince Sen r . N. 7. 

M r . Timothy Newell 

Cap*. Isaac Phillips 

Cap 4 . John Simpkins ------ . g 

Cap 4 . John Langdou 

D r . John Loring 

Isaac Sears Esq r . -_.y 

M r . Jonathan Mason 

M r . John Andrews 

Col. Joseph Webb 10 

M r . John Read 

Cap 4 . Eleazer Johnson 

M r . Joseph Peirce --- n 

M r . John Tileston 

Col. Thomas Dawes excused 

Cap 4 . Nehemiah Soames 

Arnold Wells Esq r . 12 

M r . Ebenezer Dorr 

M r . Henry Bass 

were appointed a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 
also Voted, that 

Col. Josiah Waters .----- excused 

John Lucas Esq r . 

Major Thomas Melvill 

Cap 4 . Alexander Hodgen ... - excused 

Cap 4 . Sarson Belcher ------ excused 

M r . Edward Green ------ excused 

Col. Joseph Webb - declines 

Col. Edward Procter 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee for Opening a Rendez- 
vous for this Towns proportion of Men for the Continental 
Army 

[76.] All but Two of the Above Committee have declined 
serving & been excused it was moved & Voted, that a Committee 
be now chosen to apply to proper Persons, & Report a List suit- 
able for filling up said Committee 

Voted, that John Lucas Esq r . 
Col. Waters 
Maj r . Melville 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. , 237 

Moved & Voted, 'that the Committee for raising Men have an 
adequate & generious allowance 

The Article in the Warrant relative to the South Writing School 
having been again read 

Voted, that a Committee be appointed to prepare an Estimate 
of the Charge of building a Suitable School House 
Voted, that Col. Daws 

M r . Samuel Dyer 
M r . John Preston 
be a Committee for said purpose 

Voted, that the Assessors be rind hereby are empowered and 
directed to set for such Abatements of Taxes as they shall Judge 
reasonable ten Days next following the date and delivery of the 
Tax Bills (Lords Days excepted) & no longer saving that they 
be allowed to set two Days, the Last Week in Febuary for the 
Abatements of the Taxes of Such Persons as had not an Oppor- 
tunity of applying in the above limitted [77.] time, by reason of 
their being out of the Commonwealth, or any other unavoidable 
hindrance, at which time they are also allowed & impowered to 
Abate the Taxes of such Persons as may have died Insolvent be- 
fore the said time 

Moved and Voted that the Committee Appointed to bring in an 
Estimate of the Charge of Building a new School house be de- 
sired to consider that of mending the Windows in Faneuil Hall, 
and placing the Seats where they formerly Stood and to Re- 
port at the Adjournment 

Voted, that when this Meeting be Adjourn'd, it shall be to Fry- 
day next. 3. O Clock in the Afternoon, then to Meet in this place 

Fryclay March 15 th . 1782. 3. O Clock Afternoon, Met accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes, for Twelve Wardens, but before the Inhabitants had 
brought in their Votes a Motion was made and carried, that the 
choice of Wardens be deferred till the Meeting is fuller 

Moved, that if the Collectors of Taxes for years past produce 
to the Selectmen Certificates from the several Treasurers that they 
have paid all the Taxes, into the Treasurey which had been com- 
mitted to them to Collect of the Inhabitants except the two last 
Taxes, they shall be eligable to a New choice 

And the Question being accordingly put Passed in the Af- 
fermative 

[78.] Moved and Voted, that the foregoing Vote be recon- 
sidered, and that no Collector have any new Tax Books committed 
to them, unless they produce Receipts from the several Treasurers, 
for the discharge of all Taxes (except the last) and Such Sums 
as in the Judgement of the Selectmen could not be recovered or 
received 

The Committee appointed to bring in an Estimate of the charge 
of mending the Windows in Faneuil Hall & placing the Seats as 
they formerly stood 

Reported as their Opinion that the said Hall might be put in as 
good Repair as it was formerly for the Sum of Two hundred 



238 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

pounds, they also Laid before the Town an Estimate of the Charge 
of the Several Articles of Repairs 

John Howe Esq r . having in this Meeting generously offered to 
the Town a Box of Glass for the Repairs of the Publick Buildings 

Voted, unanimousley that this Donation be accepted, and that the 
thanks of the Town be and hereby are given him for the Same 

Moved and Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to take orders 
for the Repairs of Fanuiel Hall, and putting the same in its former 
State 

The Committee appointed to prepare an Estimate of the Charge 
of building a Suitable School House 

[79.] Reported, that a School House suitable for the accom- 
modation of the Youth of the South part of the Town, may be 
built for the Sum of 300 as also a Plan of such a Building, 
whereupon it was moved, that the Report be accepted, and that 
the Sum of Three hundred pounds be appropriated for the build- 
ing a School House for the accommodation of the Youth of the 
Southerly part of the Town and that the Selectmen be directed to 
take Order thereon and the Question being accordingly put 
Passed in the Affermative 

Voted, that the Sum of Five hundred Pounds in Silver & Gold 
be raised by a Tax upon the Polls and Rateable Estates of the 
Inhabitants of this Town, & that the same be paid into the Town 
Treasurey, and appropriated for the Repairs of Fanuiel Hall ; and 
the Building a New School-house 

The Inhabitants were directed by the Moderator to withdraw 
and bring in their Votes for twelve Wardens ; but before the In- 
habitants withdrew a Motion was made that the Town first 
determine whether they Will choose Wardens the present year or 
not ; & the Question after longe Debate being accordingly put 
Passed in the Affermative 

Moved & Voted, that the Inhabitants be desired to come pre- 
pared with Votes for the choice of Wardens at the Adjournment 
of this Meeting 

[8O.] The Committee appointed to lay before the Town a 
List of suitable Persons to be Added to the Committee appointed 
to hire Men for the Continental Army ; for the approbation of the 
Town, Reported a List whereupon, 

Voted, that Col. Josiah Waters Ju r . Esq r . 
John Lucas Esq r : 
Cap 1 : Alexander Hodgsdon 
be added to the two Gentelmen before chosen on said Committee 

Col. Waters having represented to the Town that the Commit- 
tee for raising Men the last year had been greatley obstructed in 
their duty and the Town much injured by several of the Inhabit- 
ants engaging Men at a higher price than the Committee affixed, 
and then carrying them out of Town and selling them to other 
Towns ; and that it would be well if any thing could be done to 
prevent so detremental a practice whereuon 
Voted, that Col. Thomas Daws 

Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . 
Joseph Barrel Esq r . 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 239 

be a Committee to make enquiry and Report what they Apprehend 
may be done by the Town for preventing the like wild Practices 
for the future 

John Maguer one of the Persons chosen Constables for the en- 
suing year came into Meeting, and prayed the Town to excuse 
him from serving in that Office the present year and the Ques- 
tion being put Passed in the Negative 

[81.] M r . John Dinsdel another of the Persons chosen into the 
Office of a Constable, came into Meeting and desired the Town 
that he might be excused from serving as a Constable the Present 
year and the Question being put Passed in the Affermative 

It was moved, that the choice of Collectors of Taxes be referred 
to the Adjournment and the Question being put Passed in 
the Affermative 

The Committee to whom M r . Paul Farmers Petition was referred 
Report 

That the Overseers of the Poor make such addition to his Salary 
while Master of the Alrashouse for his faculty as may afford him 
a suitable and decent support and also make him such allowances 
as they may think reasonable on Account of the Taxes, that he 
now owes or may have paid since he was in that Office 

The foregoing Report as amended in this Meeting having been 
read the Question was put Whether the same shall be ac- 
cepted Passed in the Affermative 

Edward Jones chosen into the Office of Hogreeve for the present 
year came into Meeting, and prayed that he might be excused 
from serving as a Hogreeve the present year and the Question 
being put Passed in the Affermative 

Moved & Voted, that the choice of another Hogreeve in the 
Room of M r . Jones be referred to the Adjournment 

[852.] John G ray chosen into the Office of Constable for the 
present year, came into Meeting and desired the Town to excuse 
him from serving as a Constable the ensuing year, and he was 
accordingly excused 

Moved and Voted, that when this Meeting shall be Adjourned 
it shall be to Thursday the 21'. Instant 3. O. 'Clock then to meet at 
this place 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned to Thursday Next 
then to meet in this place 

Thursday the 21'. of March 1782. 3. O.Clock P: M: Met accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

M r . Jacob Holland sworn 
was chosen a Hogreeve for the Year ensuing 

The Committee to consider of Cap'. Amasa Davis's Petition, 
and Report to the Town, having Reported accordingly the Town 
came into the following Vote as recommended bv said Committee 
Viz'. 

Whereas the Selectmen for the year 1774. passed an account of 
Cap'. Arnasa Davis Amounting to 53 : 1 1 : 3 and gave him a 
draft on the Town Treasurer for the said Sum and the said Treas- 
urer not being in Cash discounted the Amount of said Draught by 



240 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

a Receipt dated November 8 th . 1774. in favour of M r . Edward 
Hollyday then one of the Collectors and whereas said Davis is 
still possessed of said Receipt, and has [83.] never received any 
Part thereof though Often requested payment of said Hollyday 
therefore Resolved, that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby 
is impowered and directed to deliver Cap 1 : Amasa Davis a Promis- 
sary Note in behalf of the Town for the Amount of said Receipt, 
together with Lawfull Interest thereon from the date thereof pro- 
vided it shall appear that the same has not been paid, said Davis 
delivering up to the Treasurer the Receipt aforesaid 

Moved, and Voted, that the Committee appointed Auditors of 
the Accompts of the Town Treasurer the last year be directed to 
proceed in Auditing and settling the Accompts of the late Treas- 
urer David Jeffries Esq r . 

On a Motion, Voted, that 

Edward Payne Esq r . 
be added to the above Committee 

Moved that the Selectmen be directed to call upon the Delinquent 
Collectors or the Administrators of such of them as are deceased, 
in order for a Settlement of their respective Accounts Viz': 
Abraham Savage, Edward Hollvdays Administrator, Benjamin 
Henderson, Benjamin Cudworth Administrator, Benjamin Gray 
Administrator, and Josiah Torey, and in Case the Monies that 
may appear due from them respectively are not paid within three 
Months from this time the Town Treasurer is directed to put their 
Bonds in Suit [84.] And the Question being accordingly put 
Passed in the Affermative 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for four Collectors of Taxes, and the same having been 
brought in and sorted, it appeared that 
Francis Shaw Esq r . 
M r . Benjamin Sumner Jun r . 
M r . Thomas Bayley 
M r . James Thompson 
were chosen Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that two and one half p Cent, be and hereby is allowed 
to the Persons that shall be chose Collectors of Taxes for the year 
ensuing, on all such Sums of Money as they shall Collect, pro- 
vided, that they shall conform to the Acts and Resolutions of the 
General Assembly and the Votes of this Town ; which Premium 
appears to be Just and equitable and an ample allowance to the 
Collectors to encourage them to discharge their Duty with dili- 
gence and fidelity ; provided also that each of said Collectors give 
Bond with sufficient Sureties to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen, 
for the faithfull discharge of their duty in said Office and comply- 
ing with this Vote 

[85.] Moved, and Voted, that the Collectors of Taxes be and 
hereby are enjoined to pay into the County and Town Treasuries 
in proportion as they shall pay into the State Treasury from time to 
time 

John Magner chosen a Constable for the year insuing came into 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 241 

Meeting and desired that he might be excused from serving in 
that Office for reasons offered the Town and he was accordingly 
excused 

The Committee appointed by the Town of Boston at their last 
Meeting to consider what Steps are necessary to be taken touching 
such Persons who may be so lost to the Welfare of said Town as to 
Inlist Soldiers in said Town before the perticular Quota of said 
Town of Boston can be raised beg leave to report 

That they have considered of every kind of discouragement 
which the Town can lawfully give to Persons of the above discrip- 
tion ; and recommend that all good Inhabitants of said Town 
would be perticularly watchfull of any Persons of the aforesaid 
discription and upon detecting any such Person in the Act of In- 
listing Soldiers, in said Town for the use of other Towns before 
the Quota of said Town is raised, to give the name of such Per- 
son to the Selectmen of said Town in order that Measures may be 
taken which will correct such an abuse of the Inhabitants all 
which is submitted 

THOMAS DAWS p Order 

The foregoing Report having been Read and considered the 
Question was put Whether the same shall be accepted Passed 
in the Affermative 

[86.] This being the time Assigned for the choice of Wardens, 
it was Moved, " that the Vote passed at the late Meeting for' now 
coming to the choice of Wardens for the ensuing year be recon- 
sidered, and that no Wardens be now chosen for the present year" 
. . . before the Question was put it was Moved that the further 
consideration of this Motion be referred to May Meeting, but this 
Motion did not obtain The other Motion was then considered, 
and after large debate the Question was put but the Vote being 
scrupeled, a Poll was called for and the same being taken, it 
appeared that the Motion was carried by a large Majorit}' 

Voted, th'at when this Meeting is Adjourned, it shall be to Mon- 
day the first of April next 3. O. Clock Afternoon, then to meet at 
Faneiuel Hall 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Monday April 1*. 1782. 3. O. Clock Afternoon Met at Faneiuel 
Hall According to Adjournment 

Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . in the Chair 

Thomas Grant chosen a Constable at the late Meeting, prayed 
the Town that he might be excused from serving in that Office the 
ensuing Year and the Question being put Passed in the Affer- 
mative. 

M r . Samuel Brown chosen a Surveyer of Wheat, was excused 
by the Town from serving in that Office the ensuing year 

[87.] M r . Edward V. Brown was chosen a Surveyer of Wheat 
for the Year ensuing 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for Six Constables, and the same being brought in and 
sorted, it appeared that 



242 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Mess : William Rogers 

John Ballard sworn 

John M c Lane 
Peter Geyer 

Patrick Conner sworn 

John Butterfield sworn 

were chosen Constables for the ensuing Year 

Moved that the Town Treasurer be and hereby is directed and 
itnpowered to allow the Overseers of the Poor, Interest on all 
Sums that has or may be advanced by them for the Support of the 
Almshouse as has been allowed by the General Court of this Com- 
monwealth on their consoladated Securities 

The Overseers of the Poor for the Town are sorrey to be under 
the disagreeable necessity of informing the Town of the unhappy 
situation of the Poor in the Almshouse for want of the Necessa- 
ries of Life They have been without Bread ever since Last Tues- 
day, untill Saturday when only two hundred of hard Bread was 
procured for them, and this Day it will be all expended, and noth- 
ing but Water for them to Drink ; owing to the want of Cash from 
the State and Town [88.] Treasurers, where large Sums are due 
that would enable them to procure those Necessaries, therefore 
your Memorialists would implore the Assistance of the Town, that 
the Collectors may be enjoined immediately to Collect the Taxes or 
in Lieue thereof Grain and Other Necessaries of Life for their re- 
lief The Master of the Almshouse being greatley in debt 
already, for Beef and other Necessaries, and by means of his not 
having it in his Power to discharge the same is refused any further 
Credit the consequences of which must be obvious to all 
wherefor the Overseers in consequence of the trust reposed in them 
relying on the Justice, wisdom and humanity of the Town, are 
constrained to represent to them, the unhappy situation above 
represented not doubting but something effectual will be adopted 
by them, in behalf of the Overseers 

WM : PHILLIPS Chairman 

The foregoing Memorial having been read and duly considered 
the following Votes were passed by the Town Viz*. 

Voted, that such Sum or Sums of Money of the New Emission 
in the Treasurey, as the Overseers of the Poor may Judge neces- 
sary for the support of the Almshouse, be sold for that purpose. 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is empowered 
and directed upon application made to him by the Overseers of the 
Poor, therefore, to make sale of so much of said [89.] Bills as 
they shall Judge will be Sufficient for that purpose, upon the best 
terms they can 

Moved, that a Tax of 'One Thousand Pounds be laid upon the 
Inhabitants for the use of the Almshouse, but the Motion after 
some debate, was withdrawn 

To the Inhabitants of Boston in legal Town Meeting Assembled 

Samuel Ruggles in behalf of the Estate of Edward Hollyday one 
of the late Collectors of Taxes for said Town Humbly sheweth 

That in December 1773 the Sum of 2449 : 1 : 8 was commit- 
ted to said Edward Hollyday to Collect, the Tax bills were deliv- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 243 

ered by him in January 1774. between which time and the 19 th . of 
April 1775 (but little more than a year, he had Collected and 
paid to the Severall Collectors Treasurers more than three quarters 
of the whole Sum, notwithstanding the imbarrasments of the 
Town, occasioned b}' the Port Bill &c immediately after said 
19 th of April the Inhabitants were thrown into the utmost confu- 
sion, the Injuries they suffered and the losses they sustained are 
too well known, and (by many) too keenly felt Need no recital. 
they returned at different times in the Year 1776. and but few of 
them who owed the said Collector were at that time able to pay 
Many still remain in reduced circumstances, some have died 
and some Joined the Enemy as will full}' Appear, by examining 
the List herewith exhibited to the Town 

Your Memoralist prays the Town to take the above [9O.] State 
of facts, into their wise and serious consideration and previous to 
suing the Bond make such allowances, or abatements, as the Town 
may think reasonable SAMUEL RUGGLES 

The foregoing Memorial having been read and considered by the 
Town It was moved and carried that this Memorial with the 
Papers accompanying the same be committed 
Voted, that Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 
Joseph Barrel Esq r . 
Samuel Barret Esq r . (excused) 
Edward Payne Esq r . 

be a Committee to take up this matter & Report as soon as may 
be, what they Judge ought to be done thereon also 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to suspend putting the 
late Collector Hollydays Bonds in Suit untill the further Orders of 
the Town 

On a Motion made Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to lay 
before the Committee Appointed for Auditing the Town Treasurers 
Accompts, such Sums as within their knowledge ought to be paid 
into the Town Treasurey 

After some debate whether this Meeting should be dissolved or 
Adjourned, it was Voted, as the sense of the Town that their 
should be another Adjournment and the Meeting was accord- 
ingly Adjourned, to Tuesday seven night 3. O. Clock P: M: 

[91.] Tuesday the 9 th . Day of April 1782. 3. O. Clock After- 
noon Met according to Adjournment 

Hon blc : Samuel Adams Esq r . in the Chair 

The Persons chosen Constables at the late Meeting having been 
duly notified of the choice of the Town had made of them as Con- 
stables for the Year ensuing, and also required to qualify them- 
selves as the Law directs Constable Simpson acquainted the 
Inhabitants that said Persons were ready and intended taking the 
Oath of Office 

The Committee appointed for Inlisting this Towns proportion of 
Men for the Continental Army Reported to the Town That 
they had Inlisted ten Men for the service that they had received 
the full Sura of 45 ; for 60 Classes that 7 Classes have 
paid upwards of 40 one Class 39 and one Class 15 



244 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

making in the whole Sixty nine Classes which have paid into the 
Committee 

That they have met with many interruptions, through the man- 
agement of such as wanted to procure and sell Men to the Towns in 
the Country ; but were now in a fair Way of making such discov- 
eries as will put a stop to such practises and hope that by per- 
severance and an Attention to the buisiness laid upon them, they 
may be able to Answer the intentions of the Town in their ap- 
pointment that in their Opinion the raising the Bounty now 
given, will not have so good an effect, as continuing already to 
the Sum they have hitherto [92.] offered to such as would 
Inlist, and that those who incline to enter into the service when 
they hear that this Meeting is dissolved, it will quicken the Inlist- 
ments whereupon 

Voted, that this Report be accepted and that the Committee be 
desired to continue their good services in procuring this Towns 
proportion of Men for the Continental service 

The Committee appointed for settling Accompts with the Board 
of War, being called upon to make Report ; Acquainted the Town 
that they were not as yet able to make Report 

Moved and Voted, that Col. Edward Proctor be requested to 
give out Orders to the respective Captains of the Companies of 
Militia in the Regiment under his Command, to make return of the 
Small Armes, received of the Board of War, for the use of such 
Men in his Regiment as were destitute of Arms, and not able to 
purchase for themselves, informing in whose hands they were 
placed, or what had become of them ; as also of the Cartridges 
delivered out : the same to be laid before the Selectmen immedi- 
ately and that Col. Proctor be served with a Copy of this Vote 
by the Town Clerk 

Moved and Voted, that all things which remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be referred over to the general Town Meeting in May 
next, then to be considered and acted upon 

[93.] Moved and Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be 
and hereby are given to the Hou ble : Samuel Adams P^sq r . the Mod- 
erator of this Meeting, for dispatching the Buisiness thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of Boston of 
Twenty one years of Age & upwards, qualified as the Committee 
[sic] prescribes, and legally warned in publick Town Meeting 
Assembled at Fanuiel Hall on Monday the 1 st Day of April Anno 
Domini 1782 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Howard 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Paragraphs of the Constitution or form of Government, relative 
to the choice of Governor Lievetennant Governor and Six Sena- 
tors for the County of Suffolk was also read. 

On a Motion Voted, That the Town will now come to the choice 
of a Governor, Lievetennant Governor, and Six Senators, for the 
County of Suffolk. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 245 

It was then declared by the Selectmen that no Votes will be re- 
ceived but such as are unfolded, and that they propose the Poll 
shall be closed at One O Clock 

[94.] It was then moved and Voted that the Bells in the 
Town be set a ringing at half past 12. O'Clock 

Persons Voted, for as Governor with the number of Votes for 
each Person Viz'. 

His Excellency John Hancock Esq r . 
Five hundred & ninety eight Votes 

Persons Voted, for as Governor brought over 

Votes, 

Hon ble : James Bowdoin Esq r . ---------- 7 

Hon ble : Benjamin Lincoln Esq r . --- 1 

Hon blc : Samuel Adams Esq r . 1 

Persons Voted, for as Lievetenant Governor with the Number 
of Votes for each Person Viz' : 

Votes 

His Honor Thomas Gushing Esq r . ------- 585 

Honourable Azor Orne Esq r . --------- 5 

Hon ble : James Warren Esq r . 4 

Nathaniel Tracy Esq r . ----------- 2 

Cap'. Elias Parkman ------------ 1 

Persons Voted for as Senators for the County of Suffolk, with 
the Number of Votes for each Persons Viz*. 

Votes 

Honb ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . - 580 

Hon ble : John Pitts Esq r . 586 

Hon ble : Jeremiah Powell Esq r . 592 

Hon ble : Jabez Fisher Esq r . 592 

Hou ble : Samuel Nyles Esq r . - 355 

Hon ble : Increase Sumner Esq r . 589 

Hon ble : Cotton Tufts Esq r . 217 

Hon ble : James Bowdoin Esq r . -------- l 

[95.] Hon ble : Benjamin Austin Esq r . -------- 1 

Hon ble : William Phillips Esq r . - 4 

John Lowell Esq r . 1 

Ebenezer Storer Esq r . ----------- 1 

Hon ble : Caleb Davis Esq r . 1 

M r . Seth Sumner --' 1 

Attested Copies of the Persons Voted for as Governor Lievetenant 
Governor & Senators for the County of Suffolk, were committed 
to the Secretary of this Commonwealth, and the Inclosure sealed 
up in Town Meeting Superscribed as follows Viz'. 
For 

John Avery Jun r . Esq r . 
Secretary of the Commonwealth 

of Massachusetts 

The number of Votes of the Town of Boston for a Governor 
Lievetenant Governor and Six Senators for the County of Suffolk, 
Certified within and sealed up in Town Meeting 
Then the Meeting was dissolved 



246 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled on Tuesday, the 14 th . Day of May 
Anno Domini 10 O. 'Clock Forenoon 

Prayer made by the Rev d . M r . Lothrop 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

[96.] That part of the Constitution or Form of Government 
which relates to the choice of Representatives read 

Sundry Laws to be read at the May Meeting were accordingly 
read --------- 

The Town having determined to choose Seven Persons to Rep- 
resent them in the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts to be held at the State House in Boston upon the 
last Wednesday of May Current, Agreeable to the Constitution or 
Frame of Government for the Massachusetts The Inhabitants 
were accordingl}' directed to withdraw and bring in their Votes for 
Seven Representatives, and then it was declared by the Select- 
men that no Votes will be received, but such as are unfolded, and 
that they propose the Poll shall be closed at twelve O. Clock 

The Votes being brought in for Seven Representatives, the 
Number of the same were found to be three hundred and thirty- 
five, but one of the Persons, Voted for, having three hundred and 
fifty Votes, which difference might have arisen from some of the 
Votes having been placed to M r . Lowell which should have been 
put to M r . Levels, or to the Votes which had been given in, and 
received seperately, and not on one piece of Paper, which has been 
Often practised, and in such case prevents the Number of Voters 
from being exactly assertained the Selectmen therefore accord- 
ing to their usual practise, declared the Number of Votes, to be 
three hundred & fifty [97.] and that the following Gentlemen 
were chose by a Majority of said Votes Viz 1 . 

Votes. 

Thomas Dawes Esq r . 332 

John Lowell Esq r . 350 

Hon ble : James Lovell Esq r . - - 251 
Stephen Higginson Esq r . - - - - 324 

Leonard Jarvis Esq r . 204 

John Rowe Esq r . 213 

After the above declaration made by the Selectmen ; a number 
of the Inhabitants gave it as their Opinion that there was an 
irregularity, in the receiving and Collecting the Votes, and some 
mistake as to the Numbers placed to the Names of the Persons 
Voted for 

It was therefore moved that the sense of the Inhabitants present 
might be taken, whether in their Opinion the Elections were 
valed And the Question being accordingly put Passed in the 
Negative 

On a Motion made 

Voted, that it is the sense of the Town that no Vote for a Rep- 
resentative be received but from such as shall enter Fanuiel Hall 
after giving in their Votes also 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to Notif} r the Inhabitants, 
of the intended Adjournment of this Meeting to Wednesday the 



BOSTON* TOWN RECORDS, 17*->. 247 

fifteenth of May, Instant for the choice of Seven Persons to 
Represent this Town in the General Court of this Commonwealth 
the Year ensuing 

Moved, that when this Meeting is Adjourned, it shall be to to 
Morrow ten O Clock in the forenoon, then to meet in this Place 

[98.] And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned by the 
Selectmen 

Wednesday the 15 th . Day of May Instant 10. O'Clock in the 
Forenoon Town met according to Adjournment 

The Town Clerk was called upon to read the Minutes of the 
transactions of the Meeting Yesterday, and they were accordingly 
read to the Inhabitants 

A Motion was made & seconded that the Votes passed by the 
Town yesterday, that the Elections of Representatives was not 
valed be reconsidered After considerable debate, it was the 
sense of the Town, that the Question should not be put 

The Selectmen having declared to the Town, that theire decla- 
ration of yesterday respecting the Number of Votes for Representa- 
tives was erronious, and that no choice was had It was moved & 

Voted, that the Town will now Assign a time for coming to the 
choice of Representatives 

Voted, that the Town will come to the choice of Representa- 
tives at 3. O Clock 

On a Motion Voted, that the Poll for Representatives be closed 
at. 4. O'Clock Afternoon 

[99.] Adjourned to 3. O'Clock in the Afternoon 

3. O'Clock, Town Met according to Adjournment 
The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for Seven Representatives, and then it was declared by the 
Selectmen, that no Votes will be received but such as are unfolded, 
and on one peice of Paper, and that such of the Inhabitants as 
give in their Votes at the Door must enter the Hall ; and that they 
propose the Poll be closed at half past 4. O Clock. 

The Votes, being brought in for Seven Representatives, the 
Number of the same were found to be three hundred & Thirty 
one ; and upon sorting them it appeared that the following Per- 
sons were chose Viz' : 

Votes 

Thomas Daws Esq r . 321 

John Lowell Esq r . 316 

Samuel A. Otis Esq r . - 200 

Leonard Jarvis Esq r . -291 excus'd 

Stephen Higginson Esq r . - - 313 exc'd 

John Rowe Esq r . 223 

Hon ble : James Lovell Esq r . 206 exc'd 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen, the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring 
in their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting in order that the 
Town may proceed in transacting the Other Affairs mentioned in 
the Warrant ; accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew and brought 
in their Votes, and upon sorting them it appeared, that 



248 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

[1OO.] The Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . was chosen Moder- 
ator unanimously. 

The Article in the Warrant. Viz 1 . "To consider whether In- 
structions shall be given to the Representatives that rnay be 
chosen " was read whereupon the Question was put 
Whether the Representatives shall be Instructed Passed in the 
Affirmative 

Moved, " that a Committee be now appointed to prepare In- 
structions for our Representatives" and the Question being put 
Passed in the Affennative " and the Question being put 
Passed in the Negative 

The Article of the Warrant, relative to the subject matter of a 
Report from the Committee to Audit the Treasurers Accompts & 
give in a State of the Treasury was read whereupon said Com- 
mittee give in the following Report 

The Committee appointed to Audit the Town Treasurers Ac- 
compts Report as follows 

That it appears by the Treasurers Books, there remains unpaid 
of the Towns Debts Viz 1 , due 
to 30 Persons for Money borrowed ) 6765 

before the Seige ----- j 
To 42 Persons for Balances of Selectmen & ) , 090 
Overseers Draughts -i------ | 

Currency 

to 273 d. for Money borrowed from 1777 to 1780 40762 [1O1.] 

to 23 Persons for money in New Emission 1574 

to 122 d. Ballances of Selectmen & Overseers Draughts 

to 171 bro'. into Specie - - - .-....- 

to 125 d. drawn for in Specie . - - - - 2735 



615 

The exact amount of the debts in Specie cannot be ascertained 
as the date of the several Notes are not particularly specified in 
the Books, but an Estimate has been made, by which it appears 
the State of the Treasury, if all the Notes are entered is nearly as 
follows Viz'. 

To the Amount of Notes given before the seige ) ~ 1A ,j Q /j , - 

... ,, r , > 10686 ,,lo ,, < 

with the Interest - j 

To ditto since the seige with the Interest - - - 4638 ,, 4 ,, 7 
To balances of Draughts before & since the seige 5100 ,, ,, 



20,425- 



To Premiums due to the Collectors and Abatements on the last 
Taxes, the Amount of which cannot be assertained as no settle- 
ment has been made with the Collectors since the Seige there- 
fore your Committee purpose to the Consideration of the Town as 
the Collectors received the Taxes before 1781 in Old Emmission 
Money, and paid great part of it into the Treasurey, after it ceased 
to be a Currency, whether they ought not to receive their Pre- 
meiums in the Same Money they paid into the Treasury where it 
now remains 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 249 

To discharge the above debts, their appears to be due from the 
Collectors, the following Sums Viz 1 . 

Beef Tax Specie Total 

From Frauds Shaw on Acco 1 . 

IJTax - - 1066 630 1383 3079 

James Thompson - - - 1163 310 1666 3139 

Benjamin Sumner - - - - 512 503 1209 2224 

Thomas Bayley ------ 629 165 1289 2074 



160.x - - - 10516 

[1O2.] States Certificates & Interest New ) 9g7 

Emission Bills ------ j~ 

In Bills of the old Emission - 38,000 
of the New Emission - - - - 21,734 

It appears by the Selectmens Accounts that they purchased 
large parcels of Clothing and other necessaries on Account of the 
Towns Quota of Supplies for the Army, part of which has been re- 
paid, but there still remains due to the Town on Account of these 
Supplies in Specie about 900 

And for the support of the State Poor ) .. ~~ _ 
- - - in the Almshouse - - - - j 

The Ballances due from other Collectors before the Seige are 
not bro* : into this Estamate as its uncertain if any part will be 
recovered 

It likewise Appears that the Treasurer has paid Large Sums on 
Account of the War great part of which the Committee suppose is 
to be repaid out of the State Treasurey or deducted out of the 
Towns proportion of the State Tax, they therefore propose that a 
Committee be appointed to inquire into the Expenditure of this 
Money, & report what Appears to be due either from the State or 
those who received the following Sums out of the Treasurey, 
Amounting to upwards of Nine hundred Thousand Pounds Conti- 
nental Money Viz*. 
Paid Col. Proctor for raising Men & c - - - - . 620 

p Resolve of the General Court - - - - 358,958 

Osgood & Phelps for first & Second) r in r- Q n n 

f\ M n M r O1O,OO,7 \J U 

Quota of Beef j 

John Simpkius for supplys to Soldiers ) g . ,- )n ~ n 

T^ ! \ l ^^t* ^ \J \) \J 

Familys; ) 

[1O3.] for Horses for the use of the Army 11,200 

Col. Hatch Bounty & Mileage 6,068 

Col. Crafts & Others for Shoes & Stockings - 7,595 

Balance due to the Comm 66 . for purchasing ) . 9 , ^ 

Grain I ' 



925, 134 

Paid the aforementioned sums due from the " Collectors & the 
State Treasurer Amounting to 13,400 from which may be de- 
ducted 3,400 for the Prem e . due to the Collectors & the Abate- 
ments on the Two last Taxes, will leave 10,000 specie in the 
Treasurey, a Sum sufficient to pay all the Debts the Town owes 



250 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

except those for Money borrowed before the seige & the Interest 
due thereon The Drafts of the Selectmen since March Amo u . to 
466 & those of the Overseers Amot g . to 375 18/ and the 
paper Money in the Treasurey are not included in this Estimate 
the former ought to be paid out of the Tax now to be granted ; the 
latter must be paid out of the Money now due from the Collec- 
tors the Bills of the New Emission in the Treasurey if sold at 
three for one would raise 7240. Specie a sum sufficient to enable 
the Overseers to provide for the Poor & to pay the Interest (at 
least) if not a great part of the Principal of the Debts due for 
Money borrowed before the Seige, but as this will be Attended 
with considerable Loss & these Bills must finally be Redeemed at 
1| for a hard Dollar the Committee cannot Advise to their being 
disposed of, unless two for one can now be obtained, at which rate 
they would produce a Sum Sufficient to pay Off all the Debts due 
from the Town Should the Overseers drafts be paid out of the 
Money supposed to be in the Treasurey there [1O4.] Will not be 
sufficient to pay Off all the Notes given since the Seige, there is 
no Doubt that the Proprietors have a Sufficient Sum for the Over- 
seers drafts would be content to wait for the principal (if the In- 
terest was paid) untill the New Emission Bills were Redeemed, or 
other provision made to discharge their Notes Therefore your 
Committee propose the following regulations to the Consideration 
of the Town, should they be Voted & Attended too, the Credit of 
the Treasurey will be restored & the Town on any Emergency 
will be able to borrow such Sums as they may have occasion for 
provided the Lender can depend on being paid out of the Tax laid 
for that purpose 

I 1 . That the Treasurer be directed to Cause an Advertizemeut to 
be published Advertising all Persons who are possessed of any 
Notes given by the Late Treasurer Jeffries to bring them in to be 
liquidated Passed 

2 d : That he give new Notes for the Amount thereof in Specie 
one for the Principal and another for the Interest to those who 
desire it & expect to receive the Interest out of the Money now 
due from the Collectors Passed 

3^. That these Notes be all Numbered, those for principal & 
those for Interest both to begin at N. One, those for the Interest 
to be paid before those for the Principal, when there is not suffi- 
cient in the Treasury to pay both & in [1O5.] Order to induce 
Persons to bring in their Notes those that bring in first to be paid 
first & so in Course as they are Numbered Passed 

4 ly . That all the small notes & Ballances remaining Unpaid on 
any drafts which are to be taken by the Collectors in payment of 
Taxes to be liquidated & the Sums to be paid indorsed on the 
back of the Note, or an Order drawn on the Collector for the 
Amount ; or indorsed on the Proprietors Rate Bill 

5 &ly . The Collectors be directed not to receive any Notes or 
Orders in payment of Taxes except they are endorsed by Treas- 
urer Boyer and that they be enjoined to Collect & pay into the 
Treasurey, the remainder of all the Taxes committed to them 
without Delay 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 251 

6 th7 . That the Treasurer be directed in case any of the Collectors 
neglect to pay in the Taxes After the time limitted by Law to put 
the Bonds in Suit 

7 tUy . That the Selectmen be directed not to make any drafts on 
the Treasurer to be paid out of the Money now Collecting, except 
for the pay of the Watchmen which Money being granted to pay 
Off the Notes for Money Borrowed on the Credit of those very 
Taxes & the Drafts of the two last Years : cannot be Applied to 
any Other use 

8 thy . That in all their future contracts & drafts on the Treas- 
urey, they direct the payment to be made out of the Tax granted 
for the purpose of defraying the [1O6.] Charges of the ensu- 
ing year when the same is Collected ; and to continue this practice 
from year to year 

By the Drafts of the Selectmen and Overseers for the last two 
years it appears that the Ordinary Charges of the Town for 
Schoolmasters Watchmen, Assessors, Treasurer, Town Clerk & 
Other Necessary Expencies have amounted to about 4500 p 
Annum the Charges of the ensuing year may be estimated at the 
same sum, to which is to be Added 1500 already granted for re- 
pairing the Streets & Faueuil Hall & Building a New School 
House this Will make the Tax for the ensuing year 6,000 ex- 
clusive of any demands that may be made on the Town for the 
supply of the Army if any such Demand is likely to be made, 
it will be necessary that a further grant be made if it is not 
wanted for the Army it may be appropriated to pay the Notes, 
given before the Seige in case the New Emission Bills are not 
redeemed what Sum will be necessary for this purpose, & to 
make good any Abatements that may be made by the Assessors 
is submitted to the consideration of the Town 

The Committee having gone through the examination into the 
State of the Treasurey, & the Drafts of the Selectmen & Over- 
seers of the Poor, as directed by the Vote of the Town, They beg 
leave to mention that no enquiry has ever been made into the 
Conduct of the Assessors ; and as the proceedings of all Persons 
who are intrusted with the Management of Publick Money ought 
to be enquired into they [1O7.] Propose that a Committee be ap- 
pointed to examine the Assessprs Books, to know on what princi- 
pals they proceed in Apportioning the Taxes on the Inhabitants 
what proportion the Real Estate Bears to the Personal and how 
they estimate the Personal Estate & Faculty in order to raise the 
sum to be Assessed These are matters that the Town should 
be acquainted with, & if it should appear from such examination 
that the Assessors have been in an Error, the Town may then 
give such directions as to prevent the like in future. 

Since Stating the Above Acco': of the Treasury your Committee 
have been informed that the Board of War have a large demand 
on the Town for 200 Bush 8 : Corn about 500 small Arms, Car- 
touch Boxes, Belts, Slings, Cartridges, Shot, & Other Articles, 
to the Amount of 2640 specie 

The Arms &c were delivered to the Col'. Proctor, Simms, & 
Hatch, for the Inhabitants who were not provided at that time 



252 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

with Arms some of these were Sold & paid for at the delivery 
Others were lent to such Persons as were unable to purchase, & 
were to be returned, but no Account has been rendred of those 
Arms &c. nor have they been returned Its proposed that a 
Committee be appointed to enquire into these Matters & what 
consideration the Town have received for the Arms delivered up 
before the Seige that were Afterwards taken & repaired by the 
.State, & make report at the Next Town Meeting 

EDWARD PAYNE 

p Order 

[1O8.] The foregoing Report having been read and consid- 
ered by Paragraphs the Town came in to the following Votes 
thereon 

Voted, that a Committee be appointed to confer with the Col- 
lectors relative to the Moneys paid into the Treasurey in Bills of 
the Old Emission Money before the year 1781, upon the Question 
in the said Report, whether they ought not to receive their Pre- 
miums in the same Money 

Voted, that the Gentlemen 
The Selectmen 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Voted, that the Hou ble - John Pitts Esq r . 
M r . John Winthrop 
Samuel Barret Esq r . excused 
Stephen Higginson Esq r .. 

be a Committee for considering the I 1 . Paragraph of the foregoing 
Report to Report as soon as may be 

Voted, That the Town Treasurer be directed to publish an 
Advertizement desiring all Persons who are possessed of Notes 
of the late Treasurer to bring them in to the present Treasurer to 
be liquidated agreeable to the Scale of depreciation fixed by the 
Goverment of this Commonwealth 

Voted, that the Treasurer give new Notes for the Amount in 
Specie one for the Principal & another for the Interest to those 
who desire it & expect to receive the Interest out of the Money 
now due from the Collectors 

[1O9.] Voted, that these Notes be all Numbered, those for 
principal & those for Interest both to begin at N: one, those for 
the Interest to be paid before those for the Principal, when there 
is not sufficient in the Treasurey to pay both, & in Order to induce 
Persons to bring in their Notes, those that bring in first to be paid 
first & so in course as they are Numbered 

Voted, that all the Small Notes & Balances remaining unpaid 
on any drafts which are to be taken by the Collectors in payment 
of Taxes to be liquidated & the Sum to be paid indorsed on the 
back of the Notes or an Order drawn on the Collectors for the 
Amount or endorsed on the Proprietors Rate Bill 

Voted, that the Collectors be directed not to receive any Notes 
or Orders in payment of Taxes except they are endorsed by 
Treasurer Boyer and that they be enjoined to Collect & pay into 
the Treasurey the remainder of all the Taxes committed to them 
without delay 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 253 

Voted, that the Treasurer be directed in Case any of the Col- 
lectors Neglect to pay in the Taxes after the time limitted by Law 
to put the Bonds of such delinquent Collectors in suit 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed not to make any 
drafts on the Treasurer to be paid out of the Money now Collect- 
ing except for the pay of the Watchmen [11O.] which Money 
being granted to pay Off the Notes for Money borrowed on the 
Credit of Those very Taxes & the Drafts of the two last years ; 
cannot be apply 'd to any other Use 

Voted, that in all things future contracts & Drafts on the Treas- 
urey they direct the payment to be made out of the Taxes granted 
for that purpose of defraying the charges of the ensuing year 
when the same is Collected and to continue the practice from year 
to year 

Voted, that the Treasurer be directed not to sell any more new 
Emission Money excepting what may be necessary for the pay- 
ment of the Watchmen Unless he Obtain one for two 

Moved & Voted, that the further consideration of the Report 
aforesaid be referred to the Adjournment 

Adjourned to Fryday next 10. O'Clock Forenoon 

Fryday the 17 th Day of May A.D 1782 Met according to 
Adjournment at the Representatives Chamber 10. OClock. Fore 
Noon 

M r . Adams in the Chair 

M r . Walley and others the Committee appointed by the Town 
to contract for the Towns proportion of Beef for the Continental 
Army Reported 

That they had procured the quantity which had been wanted, & 
laid before the Town an Account thereof Specefying the par- 
ticular [111.] quantities & the Prices on which they were con- 
tracted for ; whereby it appeared that a considerable saving had 
been made by the Committee and that the Balance still due to 
Oliver Phelps Esq r . the Super Intend 1 : of Purchases, the Person 
with whom they contracted for the Beef, is Two hundred and 
forty eight Pounds nine Shillings and nine pence whereupon 

Moved, and Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to the aforesaid Committee for their good services and 
the considerable savings they had made for the Town in said Con- 
tract 

Moved, that the several Collectors be directed to lay before 
the Town a List of the Names of all such Persons as are indebted 
for the Beef Tax ; and that the Town make an Adjournment of 
this Meeting to receive the same the Question being accord- 
ingly put Passed in the Affermative 

Moved, and Voted, that the Assessors be requested to attend 
the Town Meeting, and give information with respect to the 
Abatements they have made 

The Town Clerk was called upon to lay before the Town the 
Vote passed the last year Respecting the Abatements to be made 
which was accordingly done 

The Moderator having left the Chair and taken a Seat 



254 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

[112.] The Selectmen again presided 

A Letter from Stephen Higginson Esq r . chosen to Represent the 
Town in the General Court the ensuing Year was Laid before the 
Town, in which Letter he expresses his hopes that the Town will 
for the reasons he has given accept of his resignation of the Trust 
they had again reposed in him, It was thereupon moved and 
the Question according!}" put Whether the Town will accept of 
M r . Higgiusons resignation, and Assign a time for coming to the 
choice of another Representative in his room which passed in 
the Affermative 

As the Town were informed, that another resignation would be 
laid before them in a short time the Assigning a time was post- 
poned for the present 

M r . Adams again took the Chair 

The Report of the Committee for Auditing Town Treasurers 
Accompts, again read, and after some debate it was moved & 
carried that the debate set aside for the present 

The Assessors Reported in writing, that the Tax N: 11 
Amounted to 30,981-5-5 on which they had made Abatements 
the Sum of 1233-6-7 

That the 12 th . or last Tax amounted to 24,858-7-10 on 
which they had made Abatements the Sum of 331-16-6, where- 
upon it was moved 

That the Assessors be directed to proceed immediatley with all 
the Abatements that are to be made on the two last Taxes Agree- 
able to the Vote of the Town And that the Collectors be directed 
to bring every thing that is to come to their Credit [113.] into the 
Treasurey, that so the Town may know at the Adjournment of 
this Meeting, what Monies remaine in the hands of the Col- 
lectors 

The Moderator having again left the Chair and taken a Seat 
The Selectmen presided 

M r . Jarvis having by a Letter laid before the Town resigned 
the Trust of a Representative, into which he had been chosen for 
the ensuing Year 

It was moved and Voted, that Five OClock this Evening be 
Assigned, for coming to the choice of two Representatives in the 
room of M r . Higginson and M r . Jarvis who have resigned 
M r . Adams in the Chair 

Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned, it shall be to 3. 
OClock Afternoon then to Meet at the Representatives Chamber 
Adjourned accordingly 

3. OClock P: M: Met according to Adjournment 
M r . Adams in the Chair 

The Report of the Committee to Audit the Town Treasurers 
Accompts, again taken up, whereupon Moved, That a Committee 
be Appointed to examine the Assessors Books to know on what 
principles they proceed in apportioning the Taxes on the Inhabi- 
tants what proportion the Real Estate hears to the Personal 
Estate & Faculty in order to raise the Sum to be Assessed 
[114.] The Question being accordingly put Passed in the 
Affermative 



BOSTON TOWN KECORDS, 1782. 255 

Voted, that Samuel Broom Esq r . excused 
Edward Payne Esq r . 
M r . Herman Brimer 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Moved & Voted, that the consideration of what will be the Sum 
proper to be raised by a Tax on Polls & Estates be postponed till 
the Adjournment 

On the consideration of the last Clause in the Report of the 
Committee to Audit the Town Treasurers Accounts 
Voted, that Cap'. Isaac Phillips 

Thomas Melvill excused 
M r . Elisha Sigourney 

be a Committee to consider said Clause and Report as soon as 
may be 

On a Motion Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and here- 
by are given to Edward Payne Esq r . and others the Committee for 
Auditing the Accounts of the Town Treasurer, for the Time they 
have generously spent in the business & their Assiduety in pre- 
paring said Report And the Committee have leave to Report 
further 

Adjourned to 6 O'Clock in the Evening 

Selectmen presided 

This being the Time Assigned for the choice of [115.] Two 
Representatives The Inhabitants were directed by the Select- 
men to withdraw and bring in their Votes for Two Representa- 
tives ; and then it was declared by the Selectmen that no Votes 
will be received but such as are unfolded, & on one piece of 
Paper, and that such of the Inhabitants as give in their Votes at 
the Door, must enter the Hall, and that they propose the Poll to be 
closed at 6. O'Clock 

The Votes being brought in accordingly the number of the 
Same were found to be One hundred sixty seven ; and upon 
sorting them it appear'd that the two following Persons were 
chosen Viz'. 

Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq r . 
Hon ble . William Phillips Esq r . 
M r . Adams in the Chair 

On a Motion, Voted, that the aforementioned 

The Committee to consider what Steps shall be taken for set- 
tling with the Board of War &c. 
Reported verbally 

On a Motion, Voted that the aforementioned Committee be re- 
quested to reduce their Report to Writing 

Major Melvill having desired that he might be excused from 
serving on the Committee with Cap*. Phillips & others he was ac- 
cordingly excused 

Voted, that M r . Joseph Peirce be added to the said Committee 
in the room of Major Melvill 

[116.] The Article in the Warrant. Viz*. " To consider and 
determine relating to the Premium due to the severall Collectors of 
Taxes on the Taxes by them Collected and paid into the several " 



256 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Treasurers was read whereupon Voted, that a Committee be 
appointed to take said Article into consideration Confer with 
the Collectors & Report what is proper to be done 
Voted, that M r . John Coffin Jones 

M r . Thomas Walley excused 

M r . Joseph Russell 

M r . Joseph Barrell excused 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . excused 

Robert T. Payne Esq r . excused 

Samuel Broom Esq r . excused 

Timothy Newell Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Voted, that John Lucas Esq r . be added to the Committee for 
Examining the Assessors Books, & in the room of Samuel Broom 
Esq r . who has been excused from serving 

Moved and Voted, that the late Town Treasurer David Jeffries 
be and hereby is required to deliver over the Books, Papers, 
Moneys and all other Matters, and Tilings appertaining to the 
Office of Town Treasurer unto 

Edward Payne Esq r . 
William Powell Esq r . 
M r . Hermon Brimmer 

who are hereby impowered to receive the same and give Receipts 
for such Monies and other things [117.] as they may receive 
and the said Committee are hereby directed to lodge the same in 
the Office of M r . Treasurer Peter Boyer taking his Receipt therefor, 
and lodging the said Receipt in the hands of the Selectmen 
The Selectmen presided 

The Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq r . chosen one of the Represent- 
atives ; informs the Town, that he declines accepting that trust as 
by his Letter on file 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to to Morrow Morning 
Eleven O. Clock, for the choice of a Representative in the room of 
M r . Bowdoin who has resigned and the Selectmen propose the 
Poll to be closed at 12. O'Clock 
M r . Adams in the Chair 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Wednesday next. 10. 
OClock in the Forenoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

The Selectmen preside 

Saturday May 18 th . 11' O'Clock Met according to Adjournment 
This was the time Assigned for the choice., of one Representative, 
but a Letter having been received from the Hon ble . James Lovell 
Esq r . acquainting the Town, that he could not accept the Choice 
they had made of him for one of their Representatives in the Gen- 
eral Court A Motion was made That the [118.] Vote of 
yesterda}' for coming to the choice of one Representative in the 
room of M r . Bowdoin at this Time, be reconsidered, & that the 
Town now determine not to make choice of any Other Persons as 
Representatives in the room of those who have declined serving 
this Motion was withdrawn and it was then Moved and Voted, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 257 

that this Meeting be Adjourned to half past 12. O. Clock, for the 
choice of two Representatives in the room of the Hon ble . James 
Bowdoin Esq r . and the Hon ble . James Lovel Esq r . who have re- 
signed 

Half past 12. O'Clock. Met according to Adjournment 

This being the time Assigned by the Selectmen for the choice 
of two Representatives in the room of M r . Bowdoin and M r . Lovel 
who have declined serving The Inhabitants were directed to 
withdraw, and bring in their Votes for two Representatives and 
then it was declared by the Selectmen that no Votes will be re- 
ceived, but such as are unfolded, and on one piece of Paper and 
that such of the Inhabitants as give in their Votes at the Door, 
must then enter the Hall, and that they propose the Poll to be 
closed before One O'Clock 

The Votes being brought in accordingly the Number of the 
same were found to be, One hundred & fifty three and upon sort- 
ing them it appeared, that only one Person was chosen Viz'. 

[119.] Samuel Barret Esq r . 

The Inhabitants after the choice had been declared by the 
Selectmen were directed to withdraw and bring in their Votes, for 
one Representative and the same declaration was made by the 
Selectmen with respect to receiving the Votes &c. as had been 
made'previous to the last choice 

The Inhabitants having withdrawn and brought in their Votes 
Accordingly the Number of the Votes were found to be Ninety 
five, but upon sorting them it appeared, that, no one Person Voted 
for had Obtained a Majority of said Votes 

It was then moved and seconded that the Vote passed the first 
of this meeting for the Choice of Seven Persons to Represent the 
Town in the next General Court be now reconsidered, and that no 
other Person be chosen in addition to the Six Gentelmen already 
chosen After some debate the Question was accordingly put 
Passed in the Negative 

Moved that this Meeting be Adjourned to 6. O'Clock in the 
Evening for the choice of one Representative 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

6. O'Clock Afternoon Met according to Adjournment 

[12O.] This being the time Assigned by the Selectmen for 
the choice of one Representative still wanting to compleat the num- 
ber the Town have Voted to send 

The Inhabitants were accordingly directed to withdraw and 
bring in their Votes for one Representative ; and then it was de- 
clared by the Selectmen that no Votes will be received but such as 
are unfolded, and on one piece of Paper, and that such of the 
Inhabitants as give in their Votes at the Door must enter the Hall 
and that they propose to close the Poll at Seven O'Clock in the 
P>ening 

The Votes being brought in accordingly the number of the 
same were found to be One hundred and thirty seven, and upon 
sorting them it appeared that 



258 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Nathan Frazier Esq r . 
was chosen 

Wednesday the 22 d . Day of May 10. O'Clock in the Forenoon, 
Met according to Adjournment 

M 1 . Adams in the Chair 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to Act upon the 
List of Jurors 

The Committee to consider what Steps shall be taken for set- 
tling with the Board of War, their demands on the Town for 
Small Arms &c [121.] Beg leave to report, that having made 
due examination and enquirey with respect to the Sundrys charged 
by the Board of War to the Selectmen they apprehend that the 1 st . 
Article amounting to 21-95 was for repairs of the State 
Hospital, though they cannot find by whose order it was delivered 
The 2 d . Article delivered for use of Hospital Boat amounting 

to 8-5-10 

3 d . Article for use of State Hospital by order of ) ,. _ 9 _ . 

Council dated 19 th . Sepf. 1777 j 

4 th . Article for use of Hospital Boat Amo'g to - - 12-10-10 
5 th . Article - - - - for State Hospital - - - 15-1-7 
6 th . Article for 20 Load for Town of Boston - - 80-0-0 
7 th . Article deliv d . J Scolly Esq r . by the Verbal order ) 1 7 _ i o 

of the Hon ble . Benj a . Austin Esq r . for Hospital - j 
8 th . Article delivered J Scolly Esq r . by Order of Court 1 on _ i o _ - 

dated Oct r . 12 th . 1778 for the Sick at the Hospital j d 
9 th . Article deliv d . J Scollay for Hospital Boat by \ R c, 1Q ,-1 

Order of Council dated Nov r . 6. 1778 - - - - j b 
10 th . Article deliv d . N. Frazier Esq r . for a Sick \ 

Negro at the Hospital by Order of Council Jan y . > 14-6 

19 th . 1 780 ) 

11 th . Article deliv d . J Scollay Esq r . for Hospital Boat 1 Q o 901 

by order of Council Jan*. 19. 1780 j y 

That the 500 bushells Corn charged as delivered W m . Phillips 
Esq r : the Overseers are to account for, As also for the 200 bushels 
delivered the Selectmen which by an Order of Court Oct r . 12 th . 1778 
was to be considered as so much paid towards defraying the 
Charges of the State Poor 

[122.] The small arms &c charged the Militia of the Town 
of Boston, were received by Col. Proctor and by him delivered to 
the several Captains of his Regiment, to be put into the hands of 
those persons in their respective Companies who were not able to 
Purchase them 

The Committee are of Opinion that the final Adjustment of 
the Account of it, Lays with the Selectmen, and that they should 
be directed to proceed in that Buissiness as soon as may be 
And if any difficulty should Arise that they take the Sence of 
the General Court 

THOMAS MELVILL p Order 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered, the 
Question was put Whether the same shall be accepted Passed 
in the Affermative 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 259 

Moved & Voted, that Col". Proctor be directed to Collect all the 
Cartridges which have been placed by him in the hands of his 
Officers to be used when occasion required it the same to be 
delivered in to the Selectmen 

Voted, that Col. Procter be directed to Collect all the small 
Arms and Accoutrements received from the Board of War, that 
are now in the hands of the Captains of his Regiment the same 
to be returned to the Selectmen and also to enquire what has 
become of such as shall not be returned 

[123.] The Committee Appointed to Audit the Town Treas- 
urers Account Report further 

Whereas the Town has been pleased to Accept the first report 
of said Committee & the Regulations therein proposed have been 
unanimously Voted, they propose that those regulations should 
be published for the information of the Inhabitants 

2 dly . And in order to corapleat the plan therein proposed, it 
will be necessary the real Estate of the Treasury should be 
assertained & every Article of Debts, & Oedits, Adjusted, 
that the Treasurer may know how to proceed in paying Off the 
several Demands on the Town 

3 dly . It is therefore proposed that the Committee Appointed to 
enquire into the expenditure of Moneys received out of the 
Treasurey, & the Demands of the Board of War for Arms &c be 
desired to report as soon as possible and in case it appears by 
their report there is Money due either from the Officers of Militia 
or any other Persons for Arms &c received & not returned, or 
from those who received Money out of the Treasury, or from any 
other Person indebted to the Town that the Treasurer be directed 
to demand the same immediately 

That the Selectmen be desired to settle the Accounts exhibited 
by the Board of War & report what may be due After deducting 
the Supplys for the Hospital & the Amount of the Arms belong- 
ing to the Inhabitants which the State took into their possession & 
Apply'd to the Use of the Army Aftei the Enemy left the Town 

[124.] That they procure payment from the State for 
Cloathing &c supply'd for the use of the Army by order of the 
General Assembly and likewise the Supplys to Soldiers Familys 
4 thy . The That Representatives of the Town be & hereby are 
instructed to see that the Town has Credit for what may be due 
to them on Account of the Bounty for raising Men for the Army 
in 1780. and also on Account of Clothing & any other Supplies 
for the Army & the Selectmen are desired to furnish them with 
the Necessary documents if it has not already been deducted out 
of their proportion of the State Tax All which is Submitted to 
the Consideration of the Town 

EDWARD PAYNE p Order 

The foregoing Report was considered by Paragraphs, and 
accepted 

Moved & Voted, that a Committee be appointed to enquire what 
has become of the Arms which were lodged in Faueiuel Hall in 
1774 and Report to the Town 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee for the purpose 
aforesaid 

Moved that the Selectmen be directed to publish in hand Bills 
the Regulations which the Town came into the 15 th . Ins 4 , in con- 
sequence of a Report of the Committee appointed to Audit [125.] 
the Town Treasurers Accompts and to take orders that the same 
be delivered to the several Freeholders and Inhabitants of the 
Town and the Question being put Passed in the Affirmative 

Moved & Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed to call 
upon Cap'. John Simkins for an Adjustment of the Accompts for 
the Supplies of the Soldiers Familys ; and to receive any Moneys 
that may be due thereon 

Voted, that the Representatives of the Town be and they hereby 
are Instructed to see that the Town have Credit for what may be due 
to them on Account of the Bounty for raising Men for the Army 
in 1780 and also on Account of Clothing and any other Sup- 
plies for the Army and the Selectmen are directed to furnish them 
with the necessary documents, if it has not already been deducted 
out of their proportion of the State Tax 

The Committee to whom by a Vote of the Town on the 1 7 th . 
Ins': was refered to the Consideration of the Demands of the 
Collectors for their premeium on the Taxes by them paid to the 
Several Treasurers Report that having considered with the Col 
lectors on the Subject & examined the resolutions of the Town 
relating thereto, they are of Opinion that the Collectors are entitled 
for the year 1777 to a premium of Seven & half p Cent for the 
Money they paid within four Months, [126] five p Cent for what 
they paid within twelve Months on Account of the Tax for that 
year, from the time of its being committed to them 

That for all the Subsiquent Taxes in 1778. 1779 & 1780. they be 
allowed five p Cent on all payments they have made within four 
Months three & f p Cent on all payments made within. Eight 
Months, & two & half p Cent on all payments made within twelve 
months from the time of their being committed to them & that 
for the payments not made within twelve Months the3 T are not 
intitled to a premium That the several Collectors be directed 
to exhibit their Accounts conformable thereto as soon as may be 
for a Settlement 

JOHN COFFIN JONES 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered the 
Question was put Whether the same shall be accepted Passed 
in the Affermative 

The Selectmen a Committee to confer with the Collectors rela- 
tive to the Moneys paid into the Treasury in Bills of the Old 
Emission Money before the year 1781 upon the Question in 
said Report Viz 4 . Whether they ought not to receive their Pre- 
mium in said Money Reported 

That in their Opinion the Collectors ought not to receive their 
Premium in Bills of the Old Emission 

[127] The foregoing Report having been read and con- 
sidered the Question was put- Whether the same shall be 
accepted passed in the Affermative 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 261 

The Committee appointed to consider the I 8t . Paragraph of the 
Report of the Committee to Audit Town Treasurers Accompts, 
Reported Verbally and in part and Asked leave to Report again 

Moved and Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed to call 
upon Col. Proctor to account for the Monies put into his hands 
for the purpose of raising two hundrded and Sixty four Men 
in 1780 

Voted, that the Sum of Five thousand Pounds in Silver & Gold 
be raised by a Tax upon the Polls and Rateable Estates of the 
Inhabitants of this Town in order to defrey the necessary 
Expences of the ensuing Year 

Moved, that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is directed 
to Issue Writs of Distress on all the Collectors who are deficient 
in paying in the Tax, called the Beef Tax, on or before the 1 st . 
Day of July next and the Question being put Passed in the 
Affermative 

Voted, that all Matters & Things which remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be referred for consideration, to the next General 
Town Meeting that shall be called 

[128.] Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to the Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . the Moderator of 
this Meeting for his good services as Moderator 

Moved & Voted, that this Meeting be dessolved 

And it was accordingly dessolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned, in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 18 th . 
Day of June Anno Domini 1782. 3. O.Clock P: M: 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Moved and Voted, that a Moderator for this Meeting be chosen 
by a Hand Vote , 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator of the Meeting accordingly 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. " To consider and determine 
whether the Town will choose Collectors of Taxes in the room of 
those chosen last March Meeting, they not being eligible accord- 
ing to a Vote of the Town passed the 15 th . Day of March last, or 
reconsider said Vote " : was read, and after debate had thereon 
It was moved, [129.] that the Question be now put, Viz 1 . 
Whether the Town will proceed to the choice of new Collectors of 
Taxes, in the room of th,ose chosen last March Meeting, they not 
having as yet complied with the Vote of the Town passed the 
15 th . of March last in order to their having the new Tax Books 
committed to them 

And the Question being accordingly put Passed in the 
Affirmative 

It was then moved, and Voted, that there shall be four Collec- 
tors of Taxes chosen in the room of those Persons chosen 
Collectors at the March Meeting and the Question being accord- 
ingly put Passed in the Affermative 



262 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

It was then moved, and Voted, that the choice of Collectors of 
Taxes be referred to the Adjournment of this Meeting 

The Petition of the Collectors of Taxes praying " that they 
may have sundry Abatements made them of the Tax committed to 
them to Collect of the Inhabitants in September 1781 " was 
read after debate had thereon it was moved, That the Assessors 
be permitted to set two Weeks, from this Day, for the Abatement 
of such Taxes on the Tax N: 11 and 12. as they shall Judge to be 
reasonable and that they be directed to' take a list of the 
Names of the Persons and their Taxes, which Taxes could not be 
Collected, by reason of Persons being Absent, or other Necessary 
Causes; [13O.] and that they lay the same before the Town at 
the Adjournment of this Meeting ; any former Vote to the contrary 
notwithstanding 

And the Question being accordingly put Passed in the Af- 
fermative 

It was moved, that this Meeting be Adjourned to to Morrow 
fortnight being the third Day of July next. 3. O'Clock Afternoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Wednesday the third Day of July Anno Domini 1782 3. 
O'Clock in the Afternoon Met according to Adjournment 

Moved and Voted, that the Town now come to the choice of 
two Persons as Clerks of the Market in the room of two others 
chosen into that Office at the March Meeting 

M r . James White was chosen a Clerk of the Market for the en- 
suing Year, in the room of M r . Conent who is abroad 

M r . Samuel Smith was chosen a Clerk of the Market for the 
Year ensuing in the room of M r . Frazier who has gone abroad 

The Assessors agreable to a Vote of the Town passed the 18 th . 
Day of June last permitting them to set two Weeks, from that 
Day [131.] for the Abatement of such Taxes on the Tax N. 1 1 . 
and 12 th . as they shall Judge to be reasonable &c. laid before the 
Inhabitants a List of the Names of the Persons and Taxes which 
could not be Collected on the Tax N. 11 and 12 by reason of 
Persons being absent or other necessary Causes 

Moved, that the Town now come to the choice of four Collectors 
of Taxes Agreeable to a Vote passed at the late Meeting And 
the Question being accordingly put Passed in the Affermative 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for four Collectors of Taxes, and the same being brought in 
and sorted, & before the Vote was declared, a Motion was made 
that the Votes passed by the Town the 15 th . Day of March last 
relative to Collectors and the Subsequent Vote in consequence 
thereof which was also passed by the Town on the eighteenth 
Day of June last be now reconsidered And the Question being 
accordingly put Passed in the Affermative 

M r . Benjamin Sumner Jun r . one of the Collectors of Taxes 
chosen in March last appeared, and prayed the Town that he may 
be excused from serving in that Office the present Year and the 
Question being accordingly put Passed in the Affermative 

On a Motion made Voted, that when this Meeting is Ad- 
journed, it shall be to Fryday Next 3. O'Clock in the Afternoon. 



BOSTON Towx RECORDS, 1782. 263 

[132.] On a Motion made Voted, that the Selectmen be and 
hereby are impowered and directed, to allow M r . Isaac Warren In- 
terest on the Money advanced by him for the Town on furnishing 
and procuring Shoes for the Continental Army ; from the time it 
became due 

Adjourned to Fryday the 5 Day of July Instant, 3. O'Clock 
afternoon then to meet in this place 

Fryday the 5 th . Day of July. 3 O: Clock Afternoon, Met accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

On a Motion Voted, that the Persons chosen Collectors of Taxes 
at the March Meeting, be called upon to acquaint the Town 
whether they would serve in that Office the Year ensuing 

Francis Shaw Esq r . one of the Collectors appeared, and being 
called upon, acquainted the Town, that he declined serving in that 
Office the present Year, and prayed that his resignation might be 
accepted by the Town for the reasons he had offered The Ques- 
tion being accordingly put Passed in the Affermative 

M r . James Thompson another of the Collectors being present, 
was called upon, when he informed the Town, that he declines 
serving in that Office the present Year, for reasons by him offered ; 
and prayed that his refusal might be accepted by the Town 

[133.] The Question being accordingly put Passed in the 
Affirmative 

M r . James Bayley the other Collector of Taxes appeared, and 
also declined serving in that Office the present Year, and prayed 
that the Town would accept his excuse, for the reasons he had 
given; and the Question being accordingly put Passed in the 
Affermative 

The Committee upon the Petition and Memorial of M r . Samuel 
Ruggtes, respecting the Debt due from M r . Holeyday a late Col- 
lector, having examined the Papers are of Opinion 

That the Assessors be directed immediately to Abate the Taxes 
of such Persons on said Holeydays List, as have been reduced by 
means of the War, and who are still unable to pay, and the Taxes 
of those who have died, or joined the Enemy and left no Estate ; 
provided they are satisfied that such Taxes were not lost by the 
negligence or undue leinety of the said Collectors and that 
Samuel Ruggles Esq r . as Administrator of the Estate of said 
Holleyday be impowered and enjoined to Collect and pay, or give 
his Obligation to pay, the then remaining balance into the Treas- 
urey of this Town, within the space of six Months from the time 
the Assessors shall determine the Abatements upon which the 
Bonds of the said Hollyday to be discharged 

EBENEZER HANCOCK p Order. 

[134.] The foregoing Report having been read, and consid- 
ered the Question was put Viz'. Whether the same shall be ac- 
cepted Passed in the Affermative 

On a Motion made. Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of 
the Town be and hereby are given to M r . Christopher Clark, for 
his generous Donation of a Bell for the use of one of the publick 
Schools in this Town 



264 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Moved that when this Meeting is Adjourned it shall be to Mon- 
day next 5 OClock. P: M: 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Monday July 8 th Five O'Clock in the Afternoon Met accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

Moved and Voted, that the Town now come to the choice of four 
Collectors of Taxes 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for four Collectors of Taxes and the same having been 
brought in and sorted, it appeared that 
Mess : Thomas Bayley 
Charles Williams 
Daniel Parker 
William Fallass 
[135.] were chosen Collectors of Taxes for the year ensuing. 

Moved and Voted, that the Vote passed at a late Meeting, 
directing the Town Treasurer to commence a Suit against the Col- 
lectors of Taxes for the Beef Tax so called, be reconsidered 

And the Question being accordingly put Passed in the Affir- 
mative 

The Committee appointed to enquire into the conduct of the 
Assessors in Apportioning the Taxes on the Inhabitants, what 
proportion the Real Estate bears to the Personal, and how they 
Estimated the Personal Estate and Faculty, in order to raise the 
Sum to be Assessed, having attended that business Report as 
follows 

That the Estimates made by the Assessors of the value of the 
Real and Personal Estate of the Inhabitants, appears to be nearly 
the same, with the Estimates, made by the General Court, on 
which the Towns proportion of the State Tax was Assessed 

That the Income of the Real Estates deducting Repairs amounts 
to Upwards of Nine thousand Pounds, and the Interest on the 
Personal Estate including Money on hand and at Interest, Stock 
in Trade, Vessels and Income by Trade and Faculty at six per 
cent amounts to near twenty Six thousand Pounds from these two 
Sums [136.] amounting to about thirty five Thousand Pounds, 
they deduct the amount of the Poll Tax, and the remainder 
is the Sum on which the 12 th . Tax is apportioned on this Sum 
the Assessors calculate, how much in the Pound will raise the 
Sum to be Assessed ; and what it amounts to in the Pound every 
Inhabitant is charged on the amount of his perticular Valuation, 
both of Real, and Personal Estate being eight Shillings and eight 
Pence on the State Tax, and four Shillings on the Town and 
County 

In the Tax now coming out the Income of the Real Estate 
amounts to ten thousand Nine hundred and twenty Six pounds, 
and the Personal to twenty Thousand five hundred ninety four, 
and turns out five shillings, and eleven pence to the State 
Tax, and three Shillings and five Pence to the Town 

But the Assessors have no certain Rule by which they Estimate 
the Personal Estate of the most part of the Inhabitants as not 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 265 

more than one hundred and twenty Persons have given in Lists, 
the remainder being nineteen parts out of twenty, they are under 
a necessity of dooming, according to the best Information they 
can obtain, which no doubt is often erroneous, and must occasion 
some Individuals to be taxed more and less, than in Justice they 
ought to pay ; this will always be the case while the Inhabitants 
[137.] are doomed, and your Committee can devise no remedy, 
unless the Inhabitants in general can be prevailed on to give into 
the Assessors, true Lists of all their Rateable Instates 

EDWARD PAYNE p Order 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered the 
Question was put Whether the same shall be accepted Passed 
in the Affirmative 

Moved, that the Town Treasurer be directed, in case the late 
Collectors do not pay into the Treasury their respective Ballances 
on or before the eight Day of October next, to put the Bonds of 
such delinquent Collectors in Suit, And the Question being ac- 
cordingly put Passed in the Affirmative 

On a Motion, Voted, that all Matters and things which remain 
unfinished at this Meeting, be referred over to the next General 
Town Meeting that shall be called 

On a Motion Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and 
hereby are given to Ezekiel Price Esq r . for his good services as 
Moderator of this Meeting 

Then the Meeting was dessolved 



[138.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
publick Town Meeting Assembled at Fanuiel Hall the 25 th Dav of 
July, Anno Domini 1782. 3. O'Clock. P:M: 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, and the same being brought 
in and sorted it appeared that 

Nathan Frazier Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. "To consider what Measures 
shall be taken to Anticipate the payment of the Continental Taxes ; 
and to Loan such further Sums of Money for a few Months only 
as their respective Circumstances will possibly admit of ; and 
such other Matters as are earnestly recomended, by the General 
Assembly in their Resolves of the 4 th and 5 th of July Instant " 
was read together with the said Resolves, and two Circular Letters, 
accompanying them whereupon 

Moved, that a Committee of three Persons be appointed for 
each Ward in the Town, to wait upon the Inhabitants who 
[139.] are Taxed, and impress upon their Minds, the Absolute 
necessity of the immediate payment of the present Tax. 

and the Question being accordingly put - - Passed in the 
Affermative 

Moved that a Committee of twelve Persons be appointed and 



266 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

that they be directed to retire into the Selectmens Chamber, and 
Report Three suitable Persons in each Ward for the Above Com- 
mittee and the Question being put Passed in the Affirmative 

also 

Ward 

Voted, that M r . John R. Sigorney N. 1 

M r . John White - -' - - - 2 

M r . Daniel Parker 3 

Edward Proctor Esq r . ....4 

M r . John Larking --- 5 

John Scollay Esq r . - -. 6 

Major Thomas Melville ----.-..7 

M r . Jeremiah Belknap -- 8 

Edward Payne Esq r . 9 

Nath 1 . Appletou Esq r . 10 

Thomas Daws Esq r . ---11 

Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . 12 

be a Committee for said Purpose 

The Article in the Warrant. Viz'. " To consider the request of a 
Number of the respectable Inhabitants, that some Measures may 
be taken to prevent the Alarming Effects of a Combination of the 
Bakers, in order to compel the Inhabitants to receive Bread on 
their own Terms" was read and after some debate it was 
moved [14O.] and carried ; that all further debate on this matter 
subside for the present 

Moved and Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned, it 
shall be to this Day three Weeks in order to receive the Report of 
the Collectors of Taxes 

The Committee appointed to Report the Names of three Persons 
in each of the twelve Wards suitable to compose the Committee of 
Thirty six to wait upon the Inhabitants of their respective Wards 
agreeable to a foregoing Vote Reported a List accordingly 
whereupon the following: Persons were chosen for said Committee 

Viz 4 . 

Cap 1 . William Brown ~) Ward 



Cap'. Silas Atkins N. 1 

Deacon Jonathan Brown ) 

M r . Alexander Hill 
M r . Thomas Vernon 
Abiel Ruddock Esq r . 
M r . Samuel Eliot 
M r . Edward Edes 
Cap 1 . John Ballard 
Francis Shaw Esq r . 
Alexander Edwards 
M r . Samuel Parkman 
Jonathan Williams Esq r . 
Deacon William Boardtmn 
M r . Thomas Hitchburne 
[141.] John Coffin Jones Esq r . 

William Greenleaf Esq r . N. 6 

M r . Joseph Hall 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 267 

Deacon Tim . Newell 

Joseph Callender 

Samuel A. Otis Esq r . 

Isaac Smith Esq r . 

John Codmau Sen r . 

Deacon John Simpkins 

Hon ble . William Phillips Esq r . ) 

M r . John Andrews y 

M r . Joseph Coolidge ) 

Thomas Walley Esq r . ^ 

Col. Joseph Webb 10 

Maj r . John Reed ) 

M r . Joseph Barrell \ 

Samuel Barrett Esq r . 11 

M r . Joseph Russell Jun r . ) 

Cap'. Gustavus Fellows \ 

John Lucas Esq r . 12 

Maj r . John May ) 

The Article in the Warrant relative to the Combination of the 
Bakers was again read and after much debate and altercation 
with the Bakers, it was moved, and carried, that all further de- 
bate on this Article totally subside 

The Meeting was then Adjourned to Thursday the 15 Day of 
August next 3. O. Clock in the Afternoon, then to meet in this place 

[142.] Thursday the 15 th Day of August Anno Domini 1782 

3. O'Clock Afternoon met according to Adjournment 

M r . Frazier in the Chair 

M r . William Fallass one of the Collectors of Taxes, being in 
the Meeting, was called upon to make Report relative to the 
Monies he had Collected of the Inhabitants in his Ward, for the 
late Continental Tax 

Reported, that he had Collected of the Middling People in his 
"Ward, and paid into the Treasury of this Commonwealth to the 
Amount of Six hundred pounds lawful Money 

Moved and Voted, that all Matters, and things which remains 
unfinished at this Meeting, be and hereby are referred over to the 
next General Town Meeting then to be Acted upon 

Moved and Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are 
given to Nathan Frazier Esq r . for his good services as Moderator 
of this Meeting 

Moved, that this Meeting be dissolved and it was accordingly 

dissolved 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and Other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick 
Town Meeting [143,] Assembled at Fanuiel Hall the 15 th . Day 
of August Anno Domini 1782 5. O'Clock Afternoon 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Moved and Voted, that the Town come to a choice of a Moder- 
ator by a Hand Vote 

Nathan Frazier Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator of this Meeting 



268 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

M r . Thomas Bayley one of the Collectors of Taxes being in 
this Meeting was called upon to make Report relative to the 
Monies he had Collected of the Inhabitants in his Ward, for the 
late Continental Tax 

Reported that he had Collected, and paid into the Continental 
Treasury of said Tax, upwards of Eight hundred Pounds lawful 
Money 

The Article in tlie Warrant Viz*. " To consider and determine 
what is proper to be done relative to the. Towns deficiency of men 
for the Massachusetts Line of the Army, a Warrant from the 
Treasurer of this Commonwealth having been issued for the 
Assessors to Assess the Sum of 2370 13 4 on the deficient 
Class or Classes in this Town, being the Average price .of 
the cost of raising the whole Number granted by ^his State " 
was read whereupon it was moved and Voted, that the Com- 
mittee [144.] appointed for raising this Towns proportion of 
Men for the Continental Army be called upon to Report When 
they Reported accordingly 

That 586 Classes paid the Committee 45 each, for which 
Classes they had procured the Men- 7 Classes paid the Com- 
mittee 45 each for which Classes they had not procured men 

That 18 Classes had paid 525 18 3 in part 78 Classes 
the Committee have received of in whole and part 

3 Classes have procured their own Men 4 Classes have neither 
paid the Money nor yet the Men D Moraton. W Sherburn. 
J. Russell. C. Clark 

85 Men is the Towns Quota Mem , the Committee have on 
hand about 770 

M r . Collector Williams, being in the Meeting, was called upon 
to make Report relative to the Monies he had Collected in his 
Ward Reported 

That he had Collected and paid into the State Treasurey Five 
hundred and Eighty Pounds, and into the Town Treasurey ^ 
Fifty three pounds eight shillings and Six pence 

The first Article in the Warrant relative to the Towns deficiency 
of Men for the Massachusetts Line being again taken up, it was 
moved and 

Voted, that a Committee of three Persons be appointed to take 
up this Article [145.] at large, and Report what they may ap- 
prehend will be best for the Town to do thereon, at the Adjourn- 
ment of this Meeting 

Voted, that the Hon ble . Rob 4 . T. Payne Esq r . 
William Story Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Walley Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Moved and Voted, that the Committee Appointed to inlist this 
Towns proportion of Men for the Massachusetts Line, be desired 
to continue their good services untill the same are Obtained 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. 

" To determine whether Gravel shall be taken from Fox Hill for 
repairing the Streets " was read whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen have liberty to take as much Gravel 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 17*2. 269 

from Fox Hill, as they ma} 7 Judge Necessary for the Repairs of 
the Streets of this Town, any preceeding Votes to the contrary not- 
withstanding 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. ' To consider of some way for 
discharging what is due to several of the Town Watch for former 
Wages " was read whereupon 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer, be directed to pay the Watch- 
men of the Town, their back Wages, out of the first Monies of 
the Old Tax that shall be received into the Treasury 

[146.] M r . Daniel Parker one of the Collectors of Taxes 
being in the Meeting was called upon to make Report relative to 
the Monies he had Collected in his Wards for the late Continental 
Tax 

Reported that he had Collected & paid into the State Treasure} 1 
of said Tax upwards of Six hundred Pounds 

Moved that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday next being 
the 19 th . of August Ins 1 . 5. O'Clock in the Afternoon, then to 
meet at the Representatives Chamber 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Monday the 19 th . Day of August 1782. 5. OClock in the After- 
noon Met According to Adjournment 

Nathan Frazier Esq r . in the Chair 

The Committee to whom was referred the consideration of the 
first Article in the Warrant respecting the deficiency of the 
Towns quota of Men to be raised & have Attended that service 
and now Report to the Town that upon enquirey into' the Matter 
they find that the Inhabitants of this Town having been aranged 
into 85 Classes for the Purpose of procuring the 85 Men 

[147.] 58 of those Classes paid the Money required of them 
by the Town to the Committee appointed for hiring the Men, and 
they were accordingly hired Mustered and received 

5 of the Classes procured the men themselves 

7 of the Classes paid to the Committee their Money in due 
season Viz'. 45 but the Committee were not Able to pro- 
cure the Men 

12 of the Classes paid part of the 45 in due season 

3 of the Classes paid nothing nor procured their Men 

85 Classes. The Chairmen of the Classes who are wholy delin- 
quent are 

Mess" : Dimond Morton 

Joseph Russell Merch' : 
Christopher Clark 

The Committee therefore beg leave to submit the following pro- 
posals to the consideration of the Town Viz 4 . 

That the Committee for procuring Men be vested with dis- 
cretionary power and directed to procure the deficient number of 
Men with the greatest dispatch and on the easiest terms they can 

That the Assessors be directed forthwith to Assess the whole 
average sum of the price of hiring a Man as certified by the Treas- 
urer of this Commonwealth and the 20 p r . cent upon the delinquent 
Individuals [148.] in the twelve Classes respectively, who have 



270 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

paid only part of their 45 the Money already paid by any 
part of such Classes to the Committee to be applied towards, hir- 
ing a Man for such Class, when wanted for that purpose 

That the Assessors be directed to Assess said whole Average 
Sum with the 20 per Cent on the three Classes who are wholly 
delinquent ; and if either of the three Classes who are wholy 
delinquent or any of the twelve Classes who are delinquent in 
part, should procure their Men before the Sum aforesaid to be 
Assessed upon them shall be Collected, that then such Sums shall 
not be Collected, any part that is Collected shall be returned also, 
that the Committee for procuring Men be directed for to procure 
the Men for the 7 Classes who .paid their whole 45 in season, 
and what prices, is paid therefor over and Above the forty five 
Pounds, if any be Assessed hereafter at Large upon the Inhabi- 
tants of the Town, at the next Tax that shall be levied 
all which is submitted 

R. T. PAYNE p. Order 

The foregoing Report having been read, and considered the 
Question was put. Viz 1 . Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affirmative 

Moved and Voted, that all Matters and things which remaine 
unfinished at this Meeting be and-hereby are referred [149.] over 
to the next General Town Meeting that may be called, then to 
Act upon 

On a Motion Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and 
hereby are given unto Nathan Frazier Esq r . for his good services 
as Moderator of this Meeting 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified, and legally warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Fanieul Hall on Tuesday the 3 d . Day of 
September AD 1782 9 OClock A: M 

Warrant for calling Meeting read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, and the same being 
brought in and sorted it appeared, that 

The Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . was chosen Moderator 
unanimously 

On a Motion, the Pitition for calling a Town Meeting was 
read 

The Article in the Warrant. Viz*. " Then and there Agreea- 
ble to the request of a great number of the respectable Inhabitants 
to take into their serious consideration, what [15O.] Steps are 
proper to be taken on Account of the Alarming and distructive 
lengths to which the ellicit Trade with our Enemies is now carried 
was read 

Samuel Broom Esq r . having laid before the Town several Let- 
ters from Cap'. Collis M r . Prentice &c and Other Papers relative 
to a Number of -Persons carrying on an Illicit Trade with the 
Enemy which he had lately brought from Connecticut where they 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 271 

had been taken it was moved that the same be read, and they 
were accordingly read by the Moderator 

M r . John Proctor one of the Persons mentioned in said Letter, 
Apprehending his Character might be injured by the same ; being 
in Town Meeting, handed to the Moderator a Deposition Taken 
before a Majestrate, & moved that the same might be read and 
it was accordingly read, & then placed on the File of Papers 

Moved and Voted, that a Committee be appointed to wait upon 
his Excellency the Governor, and to request that he would be 
pleased to communicate to the Town such Papers or informations 
as he may Judge proper respecting an illicit trade carrying on with 
the Enemy 

Moved, & Voted, that this Committee consist of five 
Voted, that the Hon ble . Robert T. Payne Esq r . 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
Samuel Broom Esq r . 
[151.] Isaac Sears Esq r . 

(excused) Stephen Higginson Esq r . 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

The Article in the Warrant relative to illicit Trade with the 
Enemy, was again taken up, and after some debate it was moved 
and Voted, that a Committee be now appointed, to take into consid- 
eration what Steps are proper to be taken, on Account of the 
Alarming and distinctive lengths to which the illicit trade with our 
Enemies is now carried and that this Committee consist of 
seven 

Voted, that the Hon ble . Samuel Adams P^sq r . 
Hon ble . John Lowell Esq r . 
Charles Jarvis Esq r . 
Stephen Higginson Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Walley 
Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . 
Isaac Sears Esq r . 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid to Report at the Ad- 
journment of this Meeting 

The Committee appointed to wait on Governor Hancock 
Reported that having waited on the Governor agreeable to the 
direction of the Town, His Excellency had delivered to them a 
Deposition taken in Connecticut, and an Original Paper of great 
importance 

The said Papers having been laid before the Town, it was moved 
that the same be read & they were accordingly read 

[152.] Moved & Voted, that there be an Addition of two 
Persons to the Committee relative to an illicit trade 
Voted, that Robert T. Payne Esq r . 

Samuel Broom Esq r . 
be added to said Committee 

Moved & Voted, that Adam Babcock Esq r . 
be added to the aforegoing Committee 

Moved and Voted, that it be recommended to the Inhabitants at 
large, that they communicate to the Committee relative to an 



272 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

illicit Trade such Ideas or Information as they shall Apprehend 
may be useful 

Moved & Voted, that the Town Clerk furnish the Committee 
aforesaid with Copies of the Papers, received from the Governor 

Moved & Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned, it shall 
be to Fryday next. 3. OClock Afternoon then to Meet in this 
place 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Fryday the 6 Day of September 1 782 Met according to Ad- 
journment 3. O. Clock P.M. 

The Committee appointed to consider what Steps are proper to 
be taken on the alarming and distructive Length to which an illicit 
[153.] Trade with our Enemies is now carried on represented 
as follows 

The Artful and insidious Cabinet of Britain, sensible of the 
Inefficacy of their Fleets and Armies to enslave America and 
hitherto disappointed in their Expectations from Bribery & 
Corruption, (Engines, which to their Astonishment, have proved 
of no use, when Applied to the Free Sons of America, th6. in 
common with the most Successfull of all Means to subdue Man- 
kind to the Will of Tyrants) have in the excess of their Folly and 
Lust of Domination, Adopted the Absurd Idea of Subjugating 
America, by throwing in upon us a Flood of their Manufactures 
and Incouraging a Commercial Intercourse between us and 
them For this purpose their Admirals and Generals appear 
to have Assumed the Character of Custom House Officers, 
Brokers, & such Other as may be necessary to facilitate their 
Views. By this Trade they expect to destroy that great, that mut- 
ual Confidence so happily subsisting between us & our Magnanimous 
Allies ; to revive that foolish Predilection which We once had for 
British Manufactures and British Manners ; to Open to themselves 
new Avenues and acquire fresh Means of instilling the Principles 
of Toryism and sowing the Seeds of Disaffection Among the 
weak & unwary ; to send their Emissaries into all parts of the 
Continent to forment Divisions, create distrust as to our Rulers 
and by the Meanest and [154.] the vilest Arts to distroy that 
happy Union which has hitherto been, & while it continues can- 
not fail (under God) to be our sure Rock of Defence And Above 
all to drain us of our Money, the Sinews of War : having drawn 
from us our Medium in this Way, having made their Arrange- 
ments, posted their Emissaries, and secured their Partizens they 
expect by a violent run on our National Credit, and to deprive us 
of all future Means of Defence Such are clearly their Views & 
these are the Mean Arts which haughty, though fallen Britain, is 
compelled to make use of. To the disgrace of America, a few of 
her Sons, blinded by the Lure, & devoid of all Principle, have 
catched at the Bait ; and misled by Avarice, have taken the high 
Road to Infamy and Ruin 

The United States in Congress Assembled, sensible of these 
Evils, and Attentive to the safety of their Constituents, have in 
every Instance within their Jurisdiction by their Ordinances, 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 273 

endeavoured to suppress such illegal! Commerce, Trade and Inter- 
course & in other Instances recommended to the Legislatures of 
the several States to make effectual Provision, by Laws for that 
purpose, and called on the People to give Aid in carrying such 
Laws into Effect. 

The Inhabitants of Boston in Town Meeting Assembled, 
determined ever to be watchfull of their common Rights and 
[155. J Liberties, and Attentive to the publick Safety sensible 
of the evil & destructive Tendency of such Trade & Intercourse 
impressed with the necessaity of restraining it, of Testifying 
their Abhorrence of such Base Practices and giving all Possible 
Aid in the Execution of the Laws, do enter into the following 
Resolutions 

First that we will exert ourselves to the Utimost to detect & 
bring to due Punishment all those who shall import Goods from 
Any Part of the British Dominions, and particularly from any 
Post held by the British in America ; or any Goods of British 
Growth or Manufacture thr6. any Foreign Ports, other than those 
Allowed by Law ; or who may be directly or indirectly concerned 
in sending Money to any of those Posts. or who shall encourage 
or promote Any Kind of Intercourse with the Enemy. 

2 d . -That the Delacacy which some People Affect to feel, as to giv- 
ing information, or making a Complaint of those who are engaged 
in such Vile Pursuits, is false and Absurd in its nature ; Arrising 
from wrong Ideas of the Path of Honour ; and the Line of Duty 
That in cases like this to become Informer, is to be the Patriot, 
and it ought so to be considered by all those who regard the Pub- 
lick Weal 

3 dly . That this Town will therefore not only countenance, & sup- 
port all those who may be vigilent and active in detecting [156.] 
Informing, or Complaining of such Enemies to their Country ; but 
will always use them as Characters highly deserving Respect and 
Esteem 

4 th . That we will on the Contrary, esteem all those, who appear 
to be concerned in such infamous Traffick, as Enemies to our 
Freedom and Happiness wholly unfit to reside among Freemen : & 
we will by withdrawing all Intercourse from them & by treating 
them, on all Occasions, with Disrespect & Indignity, equal to their 
Demerit, convince them, that Americans cannot Associate with 
such base Characters. 

5 th . That in every Instance where Opposition may be made to 
the execution of the Laws prohibiting such Trade and Intercourse 
we Will give all possible Aid to the Executive Branch of Govern- 
ment in carrying those Laws into Effect 

6 th . That our Representatives in the General Court be and 
hereby are Instructed to urge an immediate and Attentive Revision 
of the Laws of this State, respecting Trade & Intercourse with the 
Enemy, that all Necessary Alterations & Amendments may be 
speedily made 

7 th . That the Committee of Correspondence Inspection & safety 
of this Town, be and hereby are desired to be particular watchful 
of those who are suspected of being concerned in Trade or Inter- 



274 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

course with the Enemy and to communicate to the Attorney Gen- 
eral any Discoveries they may make 

8 th . That as any Individual has a Right to Inspect all Packages 
of Goods that are transporting [157.] as well by Land as Water, 
and to seize all such Goods as may appear to be illegally Imported 
in either of those Ways it is earnestly recommended to the Inhab- 
itants of this Town individually to examine all such packages as 
they may have reason to Suspect unless the Conductor thereof 
shall produce to them Certificates or other Satisfactory Evedence 
that such Packages contain no Goods Subject to Seizure 

9 th . That this Town do hereby recomeud an Association to be 
immediately formed by such worthy Persons as shall Voluntarily 
engage therein, vigilantly, to guard against the Danger of such 
Goods being Artfully run into it under cover of the Night ; arid 
reposing great Confidence in the Zeal and Virtue of such Associ- 
ators, do rely upon the most diligent Watch being kept in such 
Numbers as they shall think Sufficient to prevent this Atrocious 
Bussiness, by the most Carefull Inspection and Examination of 
all such suspected Persons, Vessells, Waggons &c as shall be met 
with in the Course of their Duty. And the Selectmen are hereby 
instructed to give orders to the Town Watch to patrol the Streets, 
and Wharves, with the special Intent of detecting this Illicit 
Trade, as well as to preserve the Peace and Order of The Town 
in the Night 

10 th . That a Circular Letter be written to our Brethren in the 
other Towns in this State, to be signed by the Town Clerk, in the 
Name of this Town, containing the foregoing Resolutions, being 
the Measures which this Town has Adopted to Suppress this 
Shameful Trafflck and to pray their Assistance in effecting so 
laudable a Purpose 

[158.] The Town having considered and Accepted the fore- 
going Resolutions proceeded to the Consideration of a Circular 
Letter, also reported by the Committee, which was Accepted 

The Town Voted, that the Selectmen be instructed to pro- 
cure such a Number of Printed Copies of the aforesaid Resolu- 
tions and Letter, as they should Judge Necessary & Transmit 
them, Signed by the Clerk to the Selectmen or Committee of the 
Several Towns, and Plantations Accordingly. 

The Circular Letter is as follows Viz 1 . 

Boston 6 th . September 1782 
Gentelmen 

The rapid and distinctive Progress of an Illicit trade with the 
British in their different Ports on this Continent has filled the In- 
habitants of this Town with the Most Alarming Apprehensions. 
As it is not Surprising that a Cruel and Insidious Enemy so Often 
disgraced by the failure of their Other efforts to Accomplish the 
ruin of this Country should have recourse to this last expedition 
from which they undoubtedly expect the Most important benefits, 
it is easy to see Gentelmen, that the continuance of this Pernicious 
Traffict must necessarily involve the want of a Sufficient Medium 
for the Common purpose of Society A circumstance, should it 
unfortunately happen, which must soon distroy the pecuniary and 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 275 

indispensable resources [159.] of the Goverment, and by giving 
a deep wound to our Military Opperations so Necessary for our 
defence, endanger the very being of this Commonwealth 

Impressed with these Sentiments this Town has thought proper, 
at a Meeting of its Inhabitants, legally Convened for this ex- 
press purpose, to communicate the inclosed resolutions, for your 
Serious Consideration, in the fullest confidence of your Adopting 
such Measures as in giving vigor to the Laws must undoubtedly 
contribute to the Total extirpation of such an unnatural com- 
merce 

As we are sensible that the efficacy of the best plan for the 
Attainment of so Salutary An Object, must at last depend on the 
united efforts of the Towns in this goverment We Trust in 
such An interisting conjuncture, that the Patriotick Ardor which 
has so long and uniformly distinguished the Inhabitants of this 
State, will induce the most Zealous concurrence in these or similar 
Measures which can have no other Object but the publick good 

On a Motion Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to transmit 
the Circular Letter when prinl ed to the Selectmen of each Town 
& Plantation, and in their Absence to the Committee of Cor- 
respondence Inspection and Safety 

[16O.] Voted, that all Matters & things which remain un- 
finished at this Meeting be and hereby are refered over to the 
next General Town Meeting that may be called 

On a Motion, Voted, that it be recommended to the several 
Printers in the Town to publish the foregoing Resolutions, and 
Circular Letter in their respective News Papers 

Moved and Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to the Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . Moderator for his 
good services in the dispatch given to the business of the Meeting 
Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneiuel Hall on Saturday the 7 th Day of 
December Anno Domini 1782. 10. OClock Forenoon 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants were directed by the Selectmen to withdraw & 
bring in their Votes for a Moderator and the same being brought 
in and sorted, it appeared, that 

The Hon ble : Samuel Adams Esq r . 
was chosen unanimously 

[161.] The Article in the Warrant Viz*. "To consider of 
some suitable Method of shewing the Gratitude and Respect of the 
Town to the Army and Navy of his most Christian Majesty, was 
read. whereupon It was moved and Voted, that 
The Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . 
The Hon ble . James Sullivan Esq r . ' 
William Cooper Esq r . 



276 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

be a Committee to prepare an Address to His Excellency the 
Baron Viomenil General & Commander in Chief of the Forces of 
his Most Christian Majesty, lately arrived in this Town pursuant 
to the Warrant for calling the Meeting & to Report at the Ad- 
journment 

Moved & Voted, that this Committee be directed to withdraw, 
and Report as soon as may be 

The Committee to prepare an Address Report the following 
Draught of one which being read and considered by the Town 
the Question was put Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affermative unanimously 

To his Excellency the Baron Viomenil General and Commander 
of the Forces of his most Christian Majesty in the United States 
of America 
Sir 

The Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
legally Assembled [162.] in Faneiul Hall congratulate your Ex- 
cellency on your safe Arrival at the Capital of this Common- 
wealth 

It is with particular Pleasure that we embrace this Oppertunity 
of testefying the Singular Respect with which we regard your 
Excellency, and the gallant Troops under your Command ; sent 
by his most Christian Majesty the illustrious Ally of the United 
States, to their Succor and Crowned in this Service with the most 
brilliant Success and permanent Honors 

We Assure your Excellency that no part of the United States, 
can be impressed More deeply with every Sentiment, becoming the, 
Most faithful Allies, towards, the King your Sovereign, and the 
Nation which he governs with so much Glory, or can entertain a 
higher Sense of the great Merits of his Land & Naval Forces in 
America, than the Inhabitants of Boston. Our whole Country 
Attest the perfect Discipline, the uncommon good Order and 
Civility which these Forces have constantly preserved ; a Circum- 
stance among many Others which while it leaves the most agreea- 
ble Impression on the Minds of the Inhabitants in every Quarter, 
and must be extremely favourable to the publick Friendship, can- 
not but at the same time hightein our Regard at their Departure. 
Wherever these Forces may still be employed, May Heaven 
defend their Persons, prosper their value, and add new Glories to 
their Names and to that of their Nation 

Your Excellency we are sure will be [163.] pleased, that 
upon this Occasion we do not forget to mention with the Utmost 
Respect the Name of Count Rosharabeau your Predecessor in this 
important Command, whose distinguished Services in America can 
never be forgotten, and to whom also we ardently wish every 
Felicity. 

May the happy Alliance with France never be dissolved or im- 
paired in the support of which Such Expences have been incurred 
Such Toils endured such invaluable Lives exposed Such 
great Actions displayed, and such genourious Blood Offered 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 277 

And ma} - the reciprocal Fruits of it to both Nations be perpetually 
augmented 

On a Motion made Ordered, That the Honourable Samuel 
Adams Esq r . the Moderator, the Honourable James Sullivan Esq r . 
and Samuel Barret Esq r . together with the Gentelmeu the Select- 
men be and hereby are appointed a Committee to wait upon his 
Excellency the Baron Viomenil General and Commander of the 
Forces of his most Christian Majesty, with this Address Then 
the 

Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the fourth 
Day of December Anno Domini. 1782 10. O'Clock in the Forenoon 

[164.] The Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants were then directed to withdraw and bring in 
their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, and the same being 
accordingly brought in and sorted, it it appeared, that 

Benjamin Kent Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator 

The Act intitled an Act " for the more effectual Observation of 
the Lords Day " was read, also 

The Article in the Warrant that the Inhabitants would agreeable 
to a late Act of the General Court, to choose twelve Wardens to 
serve the remainder of the year was read and after consider- 
able debate had thereon it was Moved 

That the consideration of the choice of Wardens be suspended 
untill the General Town Meeting in March next And the Ques- 
tion being accordingly put Passed in the Affermative 

On a Motion, Voted, that a Committee be now chosen to draw 
up a Memorial to the General Court, in order to State the Reasons 
why the Law intitled an Act for the more effectual Observation of 
the Lords Day, Militates with the Constitution [165.] 
as also with respect to the inexpediency of said Act and to 
report the Draught of a Memorial at the Adjournment of this 
Meeting also 

Voted, that Col. Tudor 

D r . Charles Jarvis 
Perez Mourton Esq r . 
The Hon ble : James Sullivan 
Benjamin Hitchbourn Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Moved and Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned it shall 
be to Wednesday next being the eleventh Day of December In- 
stant. Ten O. Clock in the Forenoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

10. OClock. Forenoon December 11 th . Met according to Ad- 
journment 

Benjamin Kent Esq r . the Moderator of the Meeting, not 



278 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Attending, it was moved and Voted, that the Town proceed to 
the choice of a Moderator Pro Tern , when 
Samuel Barret Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator accordingly 

The Committee appointed to present the Address of the Town 
to his Excellency The Baron Viomenil General and Commander 
of the Forces of his Most Christian Majesty in the United States 

[166.] Reported that they had presented said Address, to 
which the Baron had been pleased to make Reply which Reply 
being presented in French and English, they now laid before the 
Town 

The Reply in English was read to the Town, and is as follows 
Viz 1 . 

Gentlemen 

It belonged to the Count de ROCHAMBEAU much more 
than to nryself to receive those distinguished and flattering Testi- 
monies which you have been pleased to give to the conduct of the 
Troops, placed by the choice and confidence of the King, in his 
hands in order to serve the cause of your Liberty It is by per- 
suing the intentions of his Majesty, and the Orders, the particular 
Instructions and the example of the General which he gave us 
that we have been able to inspire you with these Sentiments of es- 
teem and Attachment of which you now Assure us in expressions 
that do us the greatest honor 

All the principal Officers of this Army, are, as well as myself, 
Gentlemen, extremely touched with your Suffrage in their favor ; 
it in a manner insures to them the approbation of the King, and is 
a very flattering recompence for the care they have taken to main- 
tain Discipline in the Regiments which they command ; the other 
Officers by whom they have been perfectly secured, will also be 
penetrated with the same sentiments ; And the whole Army [167.] 
see with Satisfaction, how thoroughly you are perswaded, that it 
is the perfect Union that has reigned between the American 
Troops the Marine of the King and the French Corps under the 
Orders, of the Count de Rochambeaue, that France and the United 
States are indebted for that Success you so kindly applaud 

Permit me also Gentlemen to seize the present moment for de- 
claring to you our Admiration of the virtues, the talents, and the 
accomplishments, which so particularly distinguish his Excellency 
General WASHINGTON. We all desire that the homage of our re- 
spects, and of our warm wishes for his preservation and happiness, 
may be agreeable to him as a testimony of the Satisfaction we 
have had in serving under his Orders 

I may venture to assure you beforehand, Gentlemen, that the 
King will very sensibly feel the good wishes which the Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston have so ardently made for the glory of his 
Reign and the prosperity of the Nation which he governs. The 
disinterestedness and the wisdom of the views, of his Majesty in 
all that he has done for the support of the Independence of America 
do not admit a doubt that the next destination of this Army will 
still contribute with efficacey to the Compleate establishment of 
that Object. To whatever part of the Earth his Orders may send 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 279 

it, all who compose this Corps will ever remember with [168.] 
much sensibility, the pleasing wishes you have expressed for us on 
our departure 

The Assurances of your Affection, and the expression of your 
desires for the Maiutainance of the Alliance which his Majesty 
regards, as one of those happy events that has marked his Reign 
having not the least Room to doubt of the duration of this Union, 
or of the great Advantages that will result from it to the two 
Nations in all times to come 

For myself nothing Gentelmen could flatter me more, than the 
particular marks you have been pleased to give me of your 
esteem. I beg you to accept, together with all the thanks I 
owe to you, my most sincere respects and my assurances, that 
1 shall ever form the warmest wishes for the prosperity of the 
United States in general, and for the happiness of the Citizens of 
Boston in particular 

Moved and Voted, That the Town Clerk be directed to pub- 
lish in the News Papers at the expence of the Town the Ad- 
dress of the Inhabitants to the Count de Rashambeau the General 
of the French Army, together with the Reply made to said Address 
in both languages 

Moved and Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned it shall- 
be to Wednesday next. 3. O. Clock in the Afternoon 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . "To consider what allow- 
ance shall be made [169.] M r . Isaac Warren for loss sustained 
on Monies he received for Shoes supplied the Town " was read 
and after some debate it was moved, that the further consider- 
ation be referred to the Adjournment of this Meeting 

Adjourned as by a proceeding Vote to Wednesday next being 
the 18 th . of December Ins'. 3. O.Clock in the Afternoon 

Wednesday the 18 th . Day of December 3. O.Clock Afternoon 
Met according to Adjournment 

Benjamin Kent Esq r . in the Chair 

The Committee to draw up a Memorial to the General Court 
relative to the late Act for the better observation of the Lords 
Day being called upon to Report 

Col. Tudor the Chairman of said Committee being in the Meet- 
ing, acquainted the Town the Committee had not as yet been 
able to make Report and therefore they desired the Town to 
allow them a further time for that purpose whereupon 

Moved and Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned, it 
shall be to Fryday seven Night at three O'Clock in the After- 
noon 

Moved and Voted, that the Town Clerk acquaint the Inhabitants 
in the News Papers of the Adjournment of this Meeting and that 
the Committee relative to the Lords Day Act are then to Report 

[17O.] The Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To consider 
what allowance shall be made M r . Isaac Warren for Loss sustained 
on Monies he received for Shoes he supplied the Town " was read 
whereupon it was moved that a Committee of three be Appointed 



280 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

to take this Article into consideration, and to make Report as 
soon as may be 

This Motion having been carried Ezekiel Price Esq r . was chosen 
one of the Committee, but having desired the Town to excuse 
him he was accordingly excused It was then moved and Ob- 
tained that the Vote for choosing three Persons on this Committee 
be reconsidered, and that 

The Gentelmen the Selectmen be a Committee for the purpose 
aforesaid, the} r are desired to make Report to the Town at the 
Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. "-To consider whether any 
Measures shall be taken relative to the Sweeping of Chimnies " 
whereupon moved and Voted, that a Committee be appointed to 
consider this Article and Report to the Town there Opinion thereon 
at the Adjournment of this Meeting 

Voted, that Samuel Broom Esq r . 
Col. William Tudor 
Col. Daws 
Col. Sears 
D r . Noyes 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

[171.] Then this Meeting was Adjourned to Fryday the 27 th . 
Day of December Ins 1 . 3. O. Clock in the Afternoon 

Wednesday (Friday) the 27 th . Day of December 3. O'Clock 
Afternoon Met According to Adjournment 

The Committee relative to M r . Warren Reported ; when it was 
moved, and Voted that the Report lay upon the Table for the 
present 

The Committee relative to Chimnies Reported, which Report hav- 
ing been read and considered, it was moved & Voted, that the 
Report be recommitted, in order for the Committee to draw up a 
By Law relative to the Matters, contained in said Report and 
to lay the same before the Town at the Adjournment 

The Committee relative to the Act for the better Observation of 
the Lords Day Reported the Draught of a Memorial to the 
General Court, which having been read & considered by the Town 
in Paragraphs the Question was put Whether the same shall be 
accepted Passed in the Affermative 

The Memorial is as follows Viz*. Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts 

To the honourable the Senate & the honorable the House of 
Representatives in G-eneral Court Assembled at Boston Jan y . 
1783 

[172.] The Freeholders & Other Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston legally convened in Faneuil Hall by Adjournment on the 
27 th . of December 1782. beg leave, humbly to represent their 
Solicitude at the Appearance of an Act passed in the last Session 
of the honourable Court " For the more effectual Observation of 
the Lords Day" We are by no Means insensible to the Impro- 
priety of those Disorders on the Sabath, the Prevention of which 
is the declared Object of the Law in Question ; As we firmly be- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 281 

lieve that but few People have paid a more becomeing & regular 
Attention to a Day, which our Policy & Religion have both conse- 
crated to Rest & Devotion, than the Citizens of this Town. We 
fear however, that this Law, strained beyond the Line of Expedi- 
ency, if not of the Constitution (the Barrier of our Civil and 
Religious Liberty) must defeat its own Purposes ; & so far from 
the Benefits expected, will be productive only of those disorders, 
which it is intended to prevent 

In our present Opposition of Sentiment to that of the honoura- 
ble Court it is a Source of very pleasing Reflection that the present 
is the only Instance where its Commands have not met the most 
ready & ever Chearful Acquiescence, Nor is it without the ut- 
most Respect as well as sincere Attachment to the Constitutional 
Guardians of their Liberties, that the Inhabitants of Boston now 
presume to Offer their Objections to an Act in the Event of which 
they are deeply and essentially interested. 

[173.] Having made these Assurances We presume they will 
serve us for an Apology (if an Apology can be necessary to give a 
Sanction to the Remonstrance of Freemen to their Governors) in 
laying before your honours the Reasons which operated in our 
Minds, as well on the Score of Expediency, as in a constitutional 
View, to effect a Repeal of this Obnoxious Statue It needs only 
to be suggested to your Honours that the difficulty of executing a 
Law, is b3" no Means a trivial Objection to its Existance, where 
the Urgency of the Case does not render it indispensible. The 
Confusion and Necessities unavoidably Attendant on a State of 
War, will never Admit of that perfect Repose which is the Com- 
panion only of Peace. To put a Stop to those Employments 
which the Past & present Exigences of State have rendered indis- 
pensible equally at all times, would be highly burthensome to the 
People if not dangerious to the Safety of the Commonwealth. 
The War has introduced amongst us many Citizens of foreign 
States, the Benefit of whose Friendship & Assistance, We have 
largely experienced ; & who though denominated Subjects of 
Monarchies, where will is Law have never been controuled in 
the Exercise of those first and original Rights of Nature, peacea- 
bly walking in, and breathing a free Air ; Against these People 
therefore Policy as well as a Regard to our National Carrecter for- 
bids the Execution of this unnatural Statute ; And to [174,] 
distinguish those who are in this Predicament, from the Natives 
of the State, will excite Complaints at least from many Against a 
Law which must be partial in its Operation & unequal in its 
Effects. In Another View the Inexpediency & Impolicy of the 
Act is strikingly obivious ; The Officers who are appointed to ex- 
ecute it, while they are Vested with extraordinary Powers, & are 
supernumerary in their Nature will forever be obnoxious to the 
People at large. For any Discription of Men to be impowered 
forceably to stop the Subject, who is quietly Passing the publick 
Streets & to demand of him a Reason why he occupies that 
Space, or breaths that Air in preferance to any Other is so humil- 
iating an Authority & so insulting an Interrogatory as no Free- 
man can submit to : While the Warden shrouding himself under 



282 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

the Sanction of the Statue & fancying like Paul in the time of his 
Infidelity in persecuting the Christians, he is doing God's service, 
may persist in the Insult, and a Breach of the Peace will probably 
ensue. The Act therefore instead of being a Security to the 
peaceful Devotions of the Religious will become the Instrument of 
their Disturbance. 

The general Aversion to the Machinery of Wardens is height- 
ened, when it is seen that the Civil Magistrates, and the ordinary 
executive Officers are sufficient for the Preservation of the Peace 
& good Order of the Community six days out of Seven. And 
the People can see no Reason why the same Magistrates [175.] 
and the same executive Officers should not be considered as com- 
petent to the same purpose on the remaining seventh Day : Unless 
the Wardens, though created by civil Authority are in fact in- 
tended as Officers of Religion, set up to direct & controul in 
Matters of Conscience. This Idea whether just or not, will 
forever keep alive a Prejudice against them, which may frequently 
endanger the Civil Peace. 

May it please your Honours 

In a constitutional View of the Act, the Inhabitants of this 
Town (Although they consider themselves as the unquestionable 
Judges, at least for the Purpose of remonstrating, whether a 
Statute made to effect them, exceeds the Line of the Constitution 
or not) are sorry to have Occasion thus early to oppose their 
Sentements to those of their Legislators upon so important a Sub- 
ject : Confident However that no Legislature upon Earth are more 
ready to here & attend to the decent & manly Remonstrances of 
their Constituents, or any part of them, than ours, We are Sure 
to have the Matter candidly revised & discussed & judiciously 
determined. The Laying different Restraints & Penalties in the 
same place ; the making that Act a Crime for one Class of Citizens ; 
which is not so for another, & the Annexing unequal Punish- 
ments to the same Offence in different parts of the Commonwealth 
(though generaly considered As strong Exceptions to any Law 
under a free Goverment) are however [176.] in this Instance 
merged in the more substantial Objections to it 

For We humbly conceive this Act militates with the Spirit if 
not the Letter of the Constitution. By that original solera Com- 
pact by which the whole People have covenanted with each Indi- 
vidual & each Individual with the whole People, every natural 
Right is Secured to the Citizen which is not surrendered in un- 
equivocal Terms Liberty in its most simple & Obvious Sense ; 
the Liberty of moveing, from one Place to another is so far from 
being one of those Natural Rights which the People of this Com- 
monwealth have surrendered that we esteem it one of the dearest 
Gifts of God to Man, & the Preservation of it among the primary 
Objects of the social Compact, the Legislature therefore can 
neither destroy or restrain it, but as a necessary Punishment for 
the Commission of a Crime : It must involve in it the highest 
Absurdity to make the simple Exercise of this Right a Crime in 
itself for which the Subject (in addition to the loss of his En- 
joyment) shall suffer- an expensive & disgraceful Punishment. 



BOSTON Towx RECORDS, 1782. 283 

We beg leave in a few Instances to compare or rather to con- 
trast the Constitution with the Act. By the Bill of Rights it is 
expressly declared that no Subject shall be held to answer for any 
Crimes or Offence untill the same is full}- & plainly substantially & 
formally described Agreeable to the Formalities prescribed by 
Law, " And that every Subject has a Right [177.] to be secured 
from all unreasonable Searches & Seizures of his Person &c. by 
the Statute the Warden is empowered to Answer for a Breach of 
this Act, without any Formalities prescribed by the Laws. By the 
Bill of Rights it is declared that no Subject shall be compelled to 
accuse or furnish Evidence against himself The Act Subjects 
a Man to Imprisonment without Limitation, Unless he will not only 
furnish the Warden with Evidence of his Name, but accuse him- 
self of a criminal Persuit if he has any 

By the Bill of Rights, it is expressly declared that the executive 
shall not exercise the Legislative & Judicial Powers, or either of 
them ; By the Act, the Warden is an executive Officer, with a 
Power of imprisoning or executing at his Discretion 

A bare Recital of these Circumstances we presume (even if the 
Principals upon which the Act is founded were otherwise perfectly 
unaceptionable) are sufficient to demonstrate its Unconstitution- 
ality in the Mode of Proceedure should it be adopted & such a Power 
given to the Wardens, most of the offence defined in the Statute 
would go unpunished 

As we conceive upon the fundamental Principles of a free Gov- 
erment, if the Constitution had been altogether silent upon the 
Subject, that the Necessity of lodging such Powers in the Hands 
of the Wardens & Obliging the Party to be his own Accuser 
[178.] to carry it into Execution, would forever remaine an un- 
answerable Objection to the Act ; We should hardly expect an 
Argument of this kind in its Support, since it appears so clearly 
opposed, both to the Letter and the Spirit of the Bill of Rights, for 
it would be a very Singular Mode of Reasoning, upon any other 
Subject, to countenance the Violation of a Rule by giving Exist- 
ance to the very Mischief it was calculated to Destroy 

It may be contended that the Bill of Rights clearly implies an 
Authority in the General Court to make such an Act, because they 
are expressly impowered " To provide for the Institution of the 
Publick " Worship of God, & for the Support and Maintenance of 
Publick " Protestant Teachers of Piety Religion & Morality," "and 
to enjoin An Attendance upon such Teachers at stated Times & 
Seasons, if there be any on whose Instruction they can conscien- 
tiously and " conveniently" Attend. " That the Legislature have, 
in Virtue of this Authority a Right to confine the free People of 
this Commonwealth within the Walls of their own Houses for one 
whole Day in seven except such part of the Day only as may be 
employed in the Publick Worship of God : But we humbly con- 
ceive the Bill of Rights countenances no such Authority. The 
only Power given to the Legislature by the Paragraphs recited 
was to provide for the Institution of the Publick Worship, for 
the Support and Maintenance of Publick Teachers of Piety 
Religion & Morality & to enjein an [179.] Attendance upon such 



284 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Teachers, without the remotest Reference to or Connection with 
any Other Objects ; And if the Legislature can from this Part of 
the Bill of Rights deduce such Authority, why ma} 7 they not with 
equal Propriety, for the same space of Time, consign the Subject 
to the Stocks or the Pillory, as well as make him a Prisoner within 
the Walls of his own House. There is certainly a Degree of igno- 
minious Restraint, in either of them, equally Abhorrent, to the 
pure Principles of Religion, as averse to every Idea of Civil 
Freedom 

That Clause of the Statute, which imposes a Penalty on him, 
who shall Absent himself from Publick Worship for a certain space 
of Time (though the provision of it seems to adopt part of the 
Letter of the 3 d . Article of the Bill of Rights) we conceive either 
to be Nugatory & useless, or contrary to the true meaning of the 
very Clause in the Bill of Rights it intends to comprahend If 
its meant by this Clause of the Law that the Individual is to be the 
Sole Judge of his own Conscience we Ask, for what purpose is 
the penalty Annexed to the Breach of it, for as no other person 
can have the Right to pronounce him guilty, and as he cannot be 
compelled to criminate himself his Guilt must remaine forever 
improved, and the Law in this view be rendered fruitless & 
void 

But if, as another part of the Statute provides the breach of 
this Clause as well as [18O.] others is to be tried on Issue at 
Law, And the Individuals Conscience is to be squared by the 
Rules of other Mens. we conceive it to be unconstitutional ; 
because as the Worship of the Deity, and the Rights of Con- 
science in the Duties of Religion are unquestionably between God 
and the Individual alone, they must be ranked among those 
unalienable Rights, we cannot delegate to Society, and which are 
so explicitly secured to us by the first Article of the Bill of 
Rights : nor does any Other part of the Constitution justify a 
contrary Idea ; for that Clause in the 3 d . Article which invests the 
Legislature with Authority to enjoin an Attendance upon publick 
worship, can Mean no more, than to give them a Right to recom- 
mend it to the People, as essential to their Happiness. We are 
justified in this Construction, because there is no power given to 
the Legislature by that clause, to annex a penalty or Punishment 
to the Non Observence of such Injunctions. 

A Power to enjoin, without a Right to enforce the Injunction 
cannot amount to more than a Right to Recommend : 

And if it had been intended they should have the Power to 
enforce their Injunctions with the Penalties &c. why is not the 
Constitution explicit on so interesting a point ; its Silence, and 
the Repugnancy of the Principle to every Idea of Freedom, together 
with its consequential militation with other parts of the Constitu- 
tion We therefore conclude [181.] this Clause of the Act, 
though ostensibly adopting, in the proviso of it, the Letter of a 
Clause in the Bill of Rights, is however contrary to the real 
Letter & Spirit of the whole Constitution. 

But to bury all the Objections to this Act in one uncertain 
principal it is urged, That the General Court must have a Right to 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1782. 285 

enact such Laws as have a tendency to promote the General 
Good. That the present Act having that Good for its sole 
Object, can be Objected to only on Account of its inexpediency ; 
and hence it is infered, that though the people at large may have a 
Right to Judge in Case of a direct violation of the Constitution, 
yet when the Question is merely to, the inexpediency of an Act, 
the General Court alone must be Judges in the last Resort 

This is an Argument, which has seldom failed of Success in 
depriving a free People of their Liberties ; but this like the Others, 
when brought to the Test or Original principles & the Constitution 
will be found false & inconclusive 

" Though it always has been difficult, if not impossible to de- 
termine upon the very nice Line, between the Constitutional 
Authority for the supreme Legislative and the unalienated Rights 
of the People, We suppose there are Cases, among which the 
present may be safely Ranked, [182.] in which the extreme 
Inexpediency of the Measures must render it perfectly unconstitu- 
tional ; since to allow the Legislature ; a Right of enacting such 
Laws as from their extreme Inexpediency must produce the Most 
dangerous Convulsions in the State, would be to grant them a 
power of defeating the very End of the Social Compact, When- 
ever then the Legislature Shall assume the Right of making such 
Laws, we think ourselves Authorized by the Spirit of the free 
Constitution We live under, to declare our Sentiments We there- 
fore pray your Honours that a Statute, so Apparently inexpedient 
& unequal & as we apprehend repugnant to those civil & religious 
Liberties, secured to us by the Declaration of Rights may be 
forthwith repealed and another be Adopted more congenial to the 
principles of the Constitution and the Spirit and Sentiments of free 
Citizens 

Moved and Voted, that a Committee be appointed to present 
the foregoing Memorial to the General Court, and that this Com- 
mittee consist of ten Persons 

Voted, that Charles Jarvis Esq r . 

Perez Morton Esq r . 

Leonard Jarvis Esq r . 

Benjamin Hitchbourn Esq r . , 

William Tudor Esq r . 

Samuel Brick Esq r . 
[183.] John Lucas Esq r . 

M r . James Jarvis 

Isaac Sears Esq r . 

Joseph Barrel Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

On a Motion Voted, that the Gentelmen who Represent this 
Town in the General Court be and hereby are Instructed, to sup- 
port the foregoing Memorial in the General Court 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Thursday next. 3. 
O. Clock Afternoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 



286 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Thursday the second Day of January 1783. 3. O'Clock After- 
noon Met according to Adjournment 

The Committee to take into consideration " what allowance shall 
be made M r . Isaac Warren for loss sustained on Monies he re- 
ceived for Shoes Supplied the Town beg leave to Report. 

That it appears to the Selectmen that the said Warrens loss on 
receiving two hundred and forty two Pounds in Certificates, 
instead of Specie Amounts to the Sum of Twenty four Pounds 
four Shillings They therefore recommend to the Town that he 
may have a Draught from the Selectmen on the Town Treasurer 
for said Sum of twenty four pounds four Shillings 

JOHN SCOLLAY Chairman p Order 

[184.] The foregoing Report having been read and con- 
sidered the Question was put Whether the same shall be 
Accepted Passed in the Affermative 

The Clause in the Warrant Viz 1 . To consider what shall be 
allowed the Town School Masters for their services from the first 
of September last " was read and considered, whereupon 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . Samuel Hunt for his Salary as Master of the 
South Grammer School for six Months commencing from the 
first September last, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall 
become due 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . Nathan Davis for his Salary as Master of the 
North Grammer School for six Months commencing from the 
first of September last, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it 
shall become due 

Voted, that the Sum of Ninety five pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . James Carter for his Salary as Master of the 
Writing School in Queen Street for Six Months commencing from 
the I 1 : of September last the same to be paid him Quarterly as it 
shall become due 

[185.] Voted, the Sum of Ninety five pounds be allowed and 
paid to M r . John Tileston for his Salary as Master of the 
North Writing School for six Months commencing from the 1 st . of 
September last, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall 
become due 

Voted, that the sum of Ninety five pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M r . John Vinal for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School for six Months commencing from I 1 , of September last, 
the same be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due 

Voted, the sum of Fifty pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M r . [Samuel Payson ?] for his Salary as Usher of the South Gram- 
mer School for six Months commencing from the 1'. of September 
last, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due 

Voted, that Mr. John Tileston Master of the North Writing 
School be allowed Twenty Pounds for six Months House Rent the 
Same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due & to com- 
mence from the 1 st . of September last. 

Voted, that M r . Nathan Davis Master of the North Grammar 
School be allowed and paid for Six Months House rent Twenty 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1783. 287 

pounds the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due 
& to commence from the 1 st . of September last 

[186.] Voted, that M r . John Vinal Master of the Writing 
School in the Common be allowed and paid for six Months House 
rent the sum of Twenty pounds to be paid him Quarterly as it- 
shall become due & to commence from the 1'. of September last 

It was moved & Voted, that the Report of a Committee some 
time past relative to David Jeffries Esq r . which has been accepted 
be now reconsidered also 

Voted, that the Above Report be recomitted, and that said Com- 
mittee be desired to take into consideration and Report as soon as 
may be what they shall Judge should be allowed the late Treasurer 
Jeffries for all his services to the present time sent 

Moved and seconded that a List of the Persons, and their 
Taxes which have not been Collected by the several Collectors be 
recommitted to the Assessors, and that they be and hereby are 
impowered to make such Abatements thereof as they shall Judge 
it was not then, neither is now in the power of the said Collectors 
to receive 

And the Question being accordingly put Passed in the Affer- 
mative 

Adjourned to Wednesday next Three O'Clock Afternoon 

[187.] Wednesday the 8 th . Day of January 1783 Three 
O'Clock Afternoon met according to Adjournment 

Benjamin Kent Esq r . in the Chair 

Moved & Voted, that Ezekiel Price Esq r . be excused from serv- 
ing on the Committee to whom is referred the consideration of what 
may be due to the late Town Treasurer for all his services to the 
present time 

Voted, that Nath 1 . Appleton Esq r . 

Edward Payne Esq r . 

be added to the foregoing Committee who are to make Report to 
the Town as soon as may be 

"The Article in the Warrant Viz 4 . To consider and determin 
What shall be allowed the Assessors for their services in that 
Office " was read whereupon it was moved and Seconded, that 
the Town now determin what the Assessors shall be allowed for 
their services p Day And the Question being put Passed in 
the Negative 

Moved and Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned, it 
shall be to Monday next being the thirteenth Day of January at 
3. O. Clock in the Afternoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned. 



[188.] Monday the 13 th . Day of January 1783 3 O. Clock 
Afternoon Met according to Adjournment 

The Committee relative to Chimnies laid before the Town their 
Report which being read and considered paragraph by paragraph 
was amended in Meeting and Accepted by the Town and is as 
follows Viz 4 . 



288 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

That the Gentelmen the Selectmen be desired to Advertise for 
some suitable person to undertake the Sweeping of Chimuies who 
shall have an exclusive right on condition, that he contract with 
them in behalf of the Town, in such a Manner as to Answer the 
purpose intended. Whos title shall be known by the Name of a 
Comptroller. And as the following outlines of a plan and Estimate 
may be serviciable in shewing the propriety of the Measure ; it is 
Offered for consideration. Supposing 1800 Dwelling Houses and 
3 funnells to a House the Number is 5400 and if necessary to be 
swept THREE times in a year they will be equal to 16200 Funnells 
and at the price Chimnies are now swept Viz 4 . 3/6 one with an- 
other will amount to 2835. And it is presumed they may be 
swept for 810 which is only one shilling p Chimney, and a sav- 
ing made of more than 2000 p Annum if some such plan as the 
following be Adopted Viz'. One Master not to exceed 200 
p Annum [189.] at the discretion of the Selectmen 

6 Sweepers @> 100 600 

Brooms & Scrapers To - - 810 

each Sweeper to have two Wards, or what is equal in funniels to 
one sixth part of the whole (to be under the direction of the 
Master) which will give him 9 funnels p Day & 300 Working 
Days in the year will compleat his 2700 or 6 th . part. Six Sweepers 
upon this Estimate, will sweep the 16200 funnells or the 1800 
Houses 3 funnell each 3 Times in a year. The Master may 
easily have the Dwelling Houses from the Assessors Books which 
will readily give him the funnells commonly in use. And as some 
Chimnies may require sweeping Oftener and others not, it is sup- 
posed that the Estimate is full high , but the experience of one year 
will make it more certain. It is not doubted, but an Act of Gov- 
erment may be obtained (if their is not one already sufficient for 
the purpose) to empower the Town, if Agreeable to them ; to 
Oblidge the Inhabitants under a penalty to sweep their Chimnies 
at least three times in the year ; And no reasonable person can 
have a just Cause of Complaint, when the Sum to be paid will be 
so much less and the Advantages arising so great from some such 
Regulations as the Above. 

The Committee appointed to Report, the Draught of a Ey Law 
relative to the regular sweeping the Chimuies of this Town Re- 
ported [19O.] a By Law accordingly, which was considered by 
Paragrafs & cemented, & the Question being put weather the 
same shall be Accepted as a By Law of the Town, Passed in the 
Affermative and is as follows viz*. 

It is hereby ordered and directed that every Person occupying 
any House or Tenement within the Town, of Boston shall cause 
such Chimney of such House or Tenement, wherein a Fire is 
usually kept, to be sweept three times at least, every year, if it 
Appears in (the Judgement of the Inspecter to be necessary.) 
And the Occupier of every Such House or Tenement shall forfeit 
& pay the Sum of ten shillings for each & every Chimney which 
shall not be Sweept as Above directed 

And it is further ordered that each and every Inhabitant whose 
Chimnies shall be swept in the Manner before ordered, shall pay 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1783. 289 

to the Chimney Comptroller, at & after the Rates following, if 

swept by said Comptroller or by his directions 

Viz'. For each Funnel of five Stories high one shill g . & 6 d . 

For each Funnel of four Stories high one shill g & 4 d . 

For each Funnel of three Stories high one shilK & 2 d . 

For all other Chimnies One shilling 

The said Comptroller to be Accountable to the Selectmen for all 
Monies so paid to him & that said Comptroller shall give Bond to 
[191.] the Town Treasurer for the payment of such Monies & 
for the faithful discharge of his Office And in Case any Person 
shall be unable to pay the sum directed to be paid for sweeping his 
or her Chimneys as aforesaid, such Comptroller shall report the 
Name of such Person to the Selectmen, who upon proper Inquiry, 
may at their Discretion, charge the same on the Fund arising from 
the general Assessment aforesaid 

But for the more exact Observation of the By Laws relating to 
Chimneys, It is hereby Voted and Ordered, That it shall be the 
Duty of the Comptroller, carefully to inspect all the Chimnies in 
said Town, where fires are usuallay kept, & See that they are faith- 
fully swept, and if any Chimney shall take fire in three Weeks 
After they have been swept by him or his Assistance, he shall.be 
Subjected to pay a fine not exceeding Twenty shillings for each 
Chimney nor less then ten shillings 

The beforegoing By Law not to take effect untill a Comptroller 
and Sweepers are appointed 

The Article in the Warrant. Viz*. 

" To Consider and determine what shall " be allowed the Assess- 
ors for their services in that "Office," was again read, where- 
upon Voted; that the Selectmen be directed to allow [192.] 
the Assessors for their past services at the Rate of Nine Shillings 
pDay 

Voted, that all Matters and things which remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be and hereby are referred over to the Next General 
Town Meeting that may be called. 

Moved & Voted, that the Thanks of the Town, be and hereby 
are given to Benjamin Kent Esq r . Moderator, for his good 
Services in the Despatch given to the Business of the Meeting 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 5th 
Day of March Anno Domini 1783 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Hon ble . James Otis Esq r . 

was chosen Moderator of this Meeting and took his Seat accord- 
ingly 

The Committee appointed by the Town the 5 th of March last to 
apply to a Gentleman to deliver an Oration on the 5 th of March 
[193.] Instant to perpetuate the memory of the horred 
Massacre perpetrated on the evening of the fifth of March 1770 by 



290 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

a Partj of Soldiers : under the Command of Cap'. Thomas Pres- 
ton of the 29 th . Regiment 

Reported 

That having met several times for the purpose mentioned in the 
Town Vote, they have unanimously made choice of D r . Thomas 
Welch to deliver an Oration on the fifth of March Instant, who 
had accordingly Accepted of that Service 

The foregoing Report having been read the same was accepted 
by the Town 

Upon a Motion the Town took into consideration, what would 
be the best time to have the Oration pronounced, as also, what 
place would be most suitable for the purpose whereupon 

Voted, that the Oration be delivered at the Old Brick Meeting 
House, the Hall not being capacious enough to receive the Inhabi- 
tants, that Attended upon the occasion also 
Voted, that Col. Hancock 
Cap'. Parkman 
M r . Moses Grant 

be a Committee to wait upon Doct r . Thomas Welsh and acquaint 
him, that it is the desire [194.] of the Town, that the Oration 
may be delivered at the Old Brick Meeting House at half past 
12. O'Clock this day ; as also to ask leave of the Committee of 
said Church, for the use of that Building 

On a Motion Voted, that the Selectmen be directed, to order 
the several bells in this Town to be tolled from one Quarter of 
an Hour after Nine O'Clock this Evening untill 10. O: Clock 

Adjourned to the Old Brick Meeting House past 12. O'Clock 
according to Adjournment 

The Town Met at the Old Brick Meeting House % past 12 O. 
Clock according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to wait on D r . Thomas Welch, to ac- 
quaint him with the Vote of the Town, respecting the time and 
Place for the delivery of the Oration 
Reported, 

That said Gentleman was ready to comply with the Order of 
the Town 

An Oration to commemorate the horred Massacre of the 5 th . of 
March 1770 and to impress upon the Minds of the Citizens the 
ruinous tendency of standing Armies being placed in Free and 
Populous Cities &c was delivered by D r . Thomas Welch [195.] to 
a large and crouded Assembly, and received by them with great 
Applause 

On a Motion made Voted that 

The Hon blt '. James, Otis Esq r . Moderator 
John Scollay Esq r . 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
D r . Cooper 
Tuttle Hubbard Esq r . 
Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 
M r . Elias Sigorney 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to wait upon Docf. 



BOSTOX TOWN- RECORDS, 1783. 291 

Thomas Welsh, and in the Name of the Town to thank him for 
the Spirited and elegant Oration delivered by him at their request, 
in commemoration of the horred Massacre perpetrated on the 
Evening of the fifth of March 1770. by a Party of Soldiers of the 
29 th . Regiment under the Command of Cap'. Thomas Preston, and 
to request of him a Copy thereof for the Press 

A Petition of John Green one of the Persons wounded on the 
Evening of the 5 th . of March 1770 also the request of M r . Patter- 
son who lost the use of one of his Arms on that, memorable 
Night was read and considered 

A Collection was made for the aforenamed Persons amounting 

to the Sum of and put into the hands of the Selectmen 

to be distributed as they may Judge proper 

[196.] The Town did not proceed as usua* to the choice of a 
Committee to provide an Orator to deliver an Oration the 5 th of 
March next the following Motion having been made by the 
Town Clark Viz 1 . 

Whereas since the Institution of this Anniversary on the 5 th of 
March which has answared excellent purposes, a Signal Revolu-' 
tion has been effected through the Favor of Heaven in the Gov- 
ernment of our Country by the establishment of the Independance 
of these United States of America : And whereas this Memorable 
Event has induced many of the Inhabitants to make a Question 
whether in our present situation it would not be for the public benefit 
to exchange the present Institution for another of the same General 
nature such for instance as an Anneversary for celebrating the 
glorious and happy Declaration of the Independance of the United 
States of America, in which the Orator might consider, the steps 
that led to this great Revolution, the distinguished Characters im- 
ployed in effecting and maintaining it the important and timely 
aid these States received from an Alliance with his Most Christian 
Majesty Louis XVI in consequence of this Declaration and while 
under man}- difficulties in strugling with an inraged & cruel Enemy 
to support and defend it as also the superior advantages of a 
Republican form of Government [197.] well Constituted & 
Administered for preserving and promoting the Liberties and hap- 
piness of Mankind ; and the necessity of Virtue & good Manners, 
and of an Education that tends to promote them, in order to sup- 
port such a Government, and to realize the Advantages it is 
adopted to promote. 

Therefore voted, that a Committee be Appointed by the Town 
to consider this Matter at large and Report at the next May 
Meeting * 

On a Motion Voted, that the consideration of this Motion be 
referred to March Meeting 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick 



*[ "at the adjournment," in original paper.] 

W. II. W. 



292 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 10 th . 
Day of March Anno Domini 1783 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . John Eliot 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Sundry Laws enjoined to be read at this Meeting, were accord- 
ingly read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, and the same being 
brought in and sorted it appeared, that 

[198.] The Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . was chosen Mod- 
erator 

The Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . having by a Letter to the 
Selectmen acquainted them that his engagement in the Senate, put 
it out of his power to give his Attendance at this Meeting 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for another Person, and the same being brought in and 
sorted it Appeared that 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator, unanimously 

William Cooper, was chosen Town Clerk for the year ensuing 
and took the Oath of Office for the faithful discharge of his duty, 
which Oath was Administred to him by Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

The Town having determined by a Vote to choose seven Select- 
men, the Inhabitants were then directed to withdraw, and bring 
in their Votes for that Number, and the same being brought in 
and sorted, it appeared that the Following Gentlemen Viz 1 . 
John Scollay Esq r . 

Cap'. Gustavus Fellows excused 

Harbottle Dorr Esq r . 

Nathan Frazier Esq r . excused 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
Cap'. William Mackv 
Tuttle HubbardEsq'. 
were chose Selectmen for the year ensuing unanimously 

[199. J The Inhabitants as directed by the Moderator, brought 
in their Votes, for twelve Overseers of the Poor, and upon sorting 
them it Appeared, that the 

Hou ble . William Phillips Esq r . 
Isaac Smith Esq r . 
M r . Jonathan Mason 
Cap 1 . Samuel Partridge 
M r . Samuel Whitwell 
M r . John White 
Edward Proctor Esq r . 
William Powell Esq r . 
John Sweetser Esq r . 
Samuel Barret Esq r . 
M r . Nicholas Bowes 
Joseph Webb Esq r . 
were chosen Overseers of the Poor for the year ensuing. 

Moved, that the consideration of the choice of Wardens be 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1783. 293 

referred to 4 oClock Afternoon and the Question being put, 
Passed in the Affermative 

The Town brought in their Votes, for Sixteen Fire Wards, 
and the same having been sorted, it Appeared that 

John Scollay Esq r . 

"William Cooper Esq r . 

Francis Shaw Esq r . 

Edward Proctor Esq r . 

Caleb Davis Esq r . 

M r . Thomas Tileston 
[2OO.] Cap 1 . Gustavous Fellows 

Joseph Webb Esq r . 

M r . John Lowell 

Major Thomas Melvill Esq r . 

Jabez Hatch Esq r . 

Cap 1 . Isaac Phillips 

Josiah Waters Esq r . 

M r . Jacob Rodes 

Cap 1 . Ebenezer Parsons 

John Coffin Jones Esq r . 
where chose Fire Wards for the ensuing Year 

Nathan Frazier Esq r . having by a Letter directed to the Mod- 
erator, acquainted the Town, that the Business he was engaged in 
put it out of his power to Attend the Duty of a Selectman 

It was Moved & Voted, that the Thanks of "the Town be and 
herebj^ are given unto Nathan Frazier Esq r . for his Good & 
faithful services as a Selectman of this Town for a Number of 
years past. Then the Meeting was Adjourned to 3 Clock P.M. 
at 3 P.M. the Town Met According to Adjournment 
On a Motion, Made, Voted, that Collectors of Taxes be chosen 
Seperate from Constables 

This being the Time Assigned for bringing Votes, for twelve 
Constables, the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in 
their Votes, accordingly 

[2O1.] The following Persons were Chosen Constables Viz'. 
Mess". William Rogers excused 

John Tufts excused 

William Patten sworn 

Samuel Whitney sworn 

John Kennedy excused 

John Butterfleld 

Joseph Simpson excused 

John Hunt excused 

John Wheeler 

Samuel Smith sworn 

Patrick Conner excused 

Robert Williams excused 

were chosen Constables for the year ensuing 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Town Treasurer and the same being brought in and 
sorted it appeared that 



294 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

M r . Peter Boyer 
was Chosen Town Treasurer for the Ensuing Year 

This being the Time Assigned for the Consideration of the 
choice of Wardens for the year ensuing Jt was Moved that the 
choice of Wardens be reffered to the General Town Meeting in 
March next & the Question being put passed in the Affermative 
only eleven dissentiants the Meeting allowed to consist of upwards 
Df 400 People 

Moved, that the Vote now passed respecting Wardens, be pub- 
lished in the several [2O2.] Boston News Papers, and the Ques- 
tion being put passed in the Affirmative almost unanimously 

Cap 4 . Gustavous Fellows having by a Letter directed to the Mod- 
erator Acquainted the Town, that the Business he was engaged in 
put it out of his Power to Attend the Duty of a Selectman 

It was moved and Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and 
hereby are given unto Cap*. Gustavous Fellows for his good and 
Faithful Services as a Selectman of this Town for a Number of 
Years past 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . " To Consider the Petition of 
a great Number of the Inhabitants for the preventing or removal 
of the incumbrances occasioned by the placing of Carts, paynyards, 
stalls and benches on Dock Square, and in other Publick Places, 
to the great interruption of Passangers, and the hazzard of the 
Limbs & Lives of the Inhabitants ; and that some suitable Place 
or Places may be -provided for the Accomodation of the Market 
people "together with the Petition itself was read whereupon, 

Voted that a Committee be appointed to take into consideration 
this Petition and the Article in the Warrant at Large and make re- 
port at the Adjournment of this Meeting 

[2O3.] Voted, that 

D r . Charles Jarvis 
Joseph Barrell Esq r . 
Col. Thomas Daws 
Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 
M r . Samuel Elliot 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
Perez Morton Esq r . 

be a Committee for the Purpose aforesaid, and that said Com- 
mittee do also take into consideration other Nusances of the Town 
and report at the same time 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw & bring in their 
Votes for a County Treasurer, which was received and Sealed up 
in Meeting & then delivered to Constable Smith to be by him 
returned to the Court of General Sessions of the Peace at the next 
Meeting 

Agreeable to the Article in Warrant Viz'. To consider a 
Motion made on the 5 th of March Ins 1 , for the exchange of the in- 
stitution of the Anniversary for Another of a General Nature, for 
Reasons in said Motion " the following Motion was made Viz*. 

Whereas -since the Institution of this Anniversary on the 5 th of 
March which has Answered excellent purposes, A Signal Revolu- 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1783. 2 ( J5 

tion has been effected through the Favour of Heaven in the Gov- 
ernment of our Country by the establishment of the Indepeudance 
of these [2O4.] United States of America : and whereas this 
memorable event has induced many of the Inhabitants to make a 
Question whether in our Present situation it would not be for the 
Publick Benefit to exchange the present Institution for Another 
of the same general Nature : such for instance As an Anniversary 
for celebrating the glorious and happy Declaration of the Inde- 
pendence of the United States of America in which the Orator 
might consider the Steps that lead to this great Revolution, the 
distinguished Carrecters imployed in effecting and maintaining it 
the important & timely Aid these States received from an Alliance 
with his most Christian Majesty Lewis XVI in consequence of this 
declaration & while under many difficulties in strugling with an 
enraged and cruel Enemy to support and defend it. As also the 
superior Advantages of a Republican form of Government, well 
constituted and Administred for preserving and promoting the 
Liberties & happiness of Mankind and the necessity of Virtue and 
good Manners & of an education that tends to promote them in 
order to support such a Government and to realize the Advan- 
tages it is adopted to promote 

Whereupon the Question was put. Whether the same shall be 
excepted 

Passed in the A.ffirmative 
also Voted that 

Perez Morton Esq. 

[2O5.] Col. Tudor 

Thomas Daws, Jun r . 
Joseph Barrell 
Doct r . Charles Jarvis 

be a Committee to consider this Matter at Large & Report at the 
Adjournment 

Moved that the Town now proceed to the choice of four Collect- 
ors of Taxes for the year ensuing and the Question being 
put Passed in the Affermative 

Moved and Voted, that the Above Vote be recommitted and that 
the choice of Collectors be referred to to Morrow Morning 

Adjourned to Tuesday next being the eleventh of March Instant 
10. O Clock in the Forenoon 

Tuesday the 11 th Day of March 10. O Clock in the Forenoon 
Met according to Adjournment 

M r . William M c Neil 
M r . Edward How 

where chose Surveyors of Hemp for the year eusuiug 
Mess. Joseph Buttler 

Clement Collins Ju r . 
John Ballard Juu r . 
John Champney 
Joseph Ballard 
Jonathan Stodder 
[2O6.] Edmond Ranger 



296 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Abraham Howard 

Benj a . Page 

Samuel Feuno 

Samuel Dellaway 

James Rogers 

Thomas Uran 

Heury Blaisdill 

Samuel Dyer 

Joseph Aynes [Ay res] 

were chose Surveyors of Boards for the year ensuing 
Mess". Daniel Brown 

Jonathan Stoddard 

John Neat 

Samuel Todd 

William Clough 

were chosen Fence Viewers for the year ensuing 
Mess rs . Nathaniel Green 

Samuel Bangs 

Stephen Gore 

Joseph Hayden 
were Chose Sealers of Leather for the year ensuing 

M r . Adam Colson 

was chosen Informer of Deer for the year ensuing 
Mess rs . Joseph Spear 

Menassah Masters 

Joshua Pico 
[2O7.] Caleb Hayden 

John Owen 

Edmond Burd 

Cap'. David Spear 

Joseph Loring 

Robert Hitchburne 

Daniel Bell 

Robert Brick 

John M c Elary 
were chosen Cullers of Staves for the year ensuing 

Mess". George Hamlin ------ sworn 

Samuel Curtis 
were chose Haywards for the ensuing year 

Mess". William M c Fadden excused 

William Sharp 

Jacob Edes 

Josiah Simpson 
were chose Hogreeves for the year ensuing 

Ward 

Mess. John Cade ----- No. 1 excused 

Thomas Stoddar - - - 2 

Joseph Prince - - - - 3 declines 

John Cogswell - - - - 4 

Samuel Sumner - - - - 5 

Jeremiah Bumstead - - 6 sworn 

Ephrim Copeland - - - 7 

John Kennedy - - - - 8 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1783. 297 

Zipheon Tbayer - - - 9 excused 

Joseph Shed 10 

George Langley - - 11 

Peter Geyer - - - - 12 

were chosen Scavingers for the Year ensuing 
[3O8.] Mess". Thomas Green 

John Skinner 

were chose Assay Masters for the ensuing year 
Mess". John White Esq r . 

John Sweetzer Esq r . 
John Lucas Esq r . 

were chose Purchasers of Grain for the year ensuing and they are 
desired and impowered to give all needful directions to the Keeper 
of the Granary respecting the quantities of Grain to be sold, and 
Affixing the prices thereof from time to time as Occasion shall 
require ; and the said Committee are desired and directed to cause 
all the Grain belonging to the Town to be ground at the New 
Mills near the Mill Bridge 

The Selectmen 

were chosen Surveyors of the High Way for the year ensuing. 
Mess rs . John Lucas 

Edward Tuckerman 
Edward Edes 
Samuel Smith 
John Jenkins 

were chosen Surveyors of Wheat and Flower for the year ensuing 
The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Committee of Correspondence, Inspection and Safety. 
And the same being brought in and sorted it Appeared that 
[2O9.~j Mess rs . Nathaniel Barber 

Edward Proctor Esq r . 
Cap'. John Pulling 
Ebenezer Hancok Esq r . 
Cap'. Isaac Phillips 
Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 
Thomas Melville Esq r . 
M r . John Lucas excused 

Abiel Ruddock Esq r . 

were chosen a Committee of Correspondence Inspection & Safety, 
for the year ensuing. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw, and bring in their 
Votes for four Collectors of Taxes, and the same having been 
brought in and sorted, it appeared that 

Benjamin Sumner Ju r . ------ 96 Votes 

James Thompson ---120 

Thomas Bay ley - --------153 

Alexander Thomas 115 

were chosen Collectors of Taxes for the yeur ensuing. 

Voted, that two and one half p Cent be and hereby is allowed to 
the Persons that shall be chose Collectors of Taxes for the year 
ensuing, on all such sums of Money as they shall Collect, pro- 
vided that they shall conform to the Act and Resolutions of the 






298 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

General Assembly and the Votes of this Town ; which Premium 
appears to be Just and equitable and an Ample Allowance to the 
Collectors to encourage them to discharge their duty with deligence 
and [21O.] Fidelity ; provided also that each of said Collectors 
give Bond with sufficient Sureties to the Satisfaction of the 
Selectmen, for the faithfull discharge of their Duty in said Office 
and complying with this Vote 

Moved and Voted, that the Collectors of Taxes be and hereby 
are enjoined to pay into the County and Town Treasuries in pro- 
portion as they shall pay into the State Treasuery from Time to 
Time 

The Inhabitants were desired to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for two Selectmen in the Room of Nathan Frazier Esq r . & 
Cap 1 . Gustavious Fellows, and the Same having been brought in 
and sorted it Appeared, that 

Deacon Thomas Greenough 

David Jeffries Esq r . 

were chosen Selectmen for the year ensuing 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for seven Assessors, and the same being brought in and 
sorted, it appeared that 

Mess". William Lowder 
Moses May 
John R. Sigoney 
John Pulling 
Barth w . Kneeland 
Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 
Cap 1 . William Fleet 
were chosen Assessors for the Year ensuing 

[211.] Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are empow- 
ered and directed to set for such Abatements of Taxes, as they 
shall Judge reasonable ten days following the date and delivery 
of the Tax Bills (Lords days excepted) and no longer saving that 
they be allowed to set two days the last Week in February for the 
Abatement of the Taxes of such Persons as had not an oppertun- 
ity of applying in the Above limitted Time by reason of their 
being out of the Commonwealth, or any other unavoidable hin- 
drance, at which time they are also Allowed and impowered to 
Abate the Taxes of such Persons as may have died Insolvent 
before the said time 

The Article in the Warrant, relative to making Provision for 
paying the Town Creditors Viz'. "Whether the Town will make 
provision for paying the principal and Interest due to such of their 
Creditors as are in want of their Monies " being read where- 
upon 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be impowered and directed to 
allow the Several Creditors of the Town who have lent Monies to 
the Town, Interest and compound Interest on the Monies lent 

Voted, that 4 Clock be Assigned for the consideration of the 
Articles in the Warrant relative to Lands on the Neck 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1783. 299 

And after it for the consideration of the Articles in the Warrant 
relative to new Emission Monies 

[212.] The Article in the Warrant. Viz'. " To consider, 
weather any measures shall be taken for the better regulation of 
the Cows going on the Common of this Town " was read where- 
upon 

Voted, that this Matter be reffered to the Selectmen, and they 
are hereby Authorised and impowered to raise the Sum required 
for providing Bulls &c to Six Shillings for every Cow going on 
the Common 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. " Wether the Selectmen in 
their settling with the Town Clerk may not Allow him on Account 
of the high price of the Necessarys of Life, in proportion with 
what has been allowed the Other Town Officers was read where- 
upon 

Voted, that Joseph Barrell Esq r . 
M r . John Lowell 
Col. Joseph Webb 

be a Committee to consider this Matter and Town Clerks, Ac- 
counts, and report at the Adjournment 

Then the Meeting was Adjourned to 3 Clock in the Afternoon. 

At 3 "Clock P: M met according to Adjournment 
[213.] The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring 
in their Votes for Six Constables and the same being brought in 
and Sorted it Appeared that the following Persons were chose 

Viz'. Mess". John Kemp excused 

Alexander M c . Cloud Sworn 

Abner Ruinnil - - d. 

Rufus Bent -------- d. 

George Hamlin ------- d. 

Isaac Wendell ------- d. 

were chosen Constables for the ensuing year 

The following Persons were chosen Clerks of the Market for the 
year ensuing 

Viz 1 . Cap'. John Wi'nslow sworn 

M r . Robert M c Niel 
M r . Nathan Spear sworn 

M r . William Hyslop , d. 

M r . Thomas K. Jones 

Samuel Deming --------- sworn 

M r . Lewis Carnes ---------- d. 

M r . John Brown d. 

M r . William Payne d. 

M r . John Amory --------- d. 

M r . William Morrill d. 

M r . Samuel Gould 

Voted, that Major Thomas Melvill excus'd 

Edward Payne Esq r . 
Herman Brimmer Esq r . 
Edward Green Esq r . 
Charles Miller Esq r . 
Samuel Ruggles Esq r . 



300 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

[214.] be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to Audit Ac- 
compts of M r . Peter Boyer Treasurer, and also the Accompt of the 
Overseers of the Poor and the said Committee are impowered 
when they shall Audit said Accompts, to allow of such of the 
Overseers as shall have Advanced Monies for the Relief of the 
Poor, Interest on all such Sums from the Time so Advanced 
untill they have Audited said Accompts ; and they are also desired 
to report from time to time a State of the Treasurey respecting its 
debts and credits and on any Matter that they may think proper 
And the Committee are also directed to examine the Draughts 
of the Selectmen 

A Motion was made that the consideration of Salaries and 
Grants be refferred over to the General Town Meeting in 
May Next. and the Question being put it Passed in the Af- 
fermative. 

The Selectmen Reported, on the Visitation of the Schools the 
last Year and were Appointed Visitors of the Schools the present 
Year. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . " Whether the Lands on the 
Neck shall be leased for a Certain time, or otherwise improved by 
the Town" was read wereupon moved that the consideration of 
this Article be reffered [215.] to the General Town Meeting in 
May Next, and the Question being put passed in the Negative 

It was then Moved & Voted, that a Committee be Appointed to 
take this Article into consideration and Report at the Adjourn- 
ment 

Voted, that 

Col. Nath 1 . Barber 
Col. W m . Tudor 
Joseph Barrell Esq r . excused 
Cap'. John Ballard 
John Lucas Esq r . 
Col. Dawes Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose Aforesaid 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . " Whether the Town Treasurer 
shall -be impowered to dispose of the whole or any part of the 
Emission Monies in the Treasurey: was oread, whereupon 
Moved, 

That the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is Authorised and 
impowered to dispose of the New Emission Money in the Treasurey 
on the best Terms he can 

And the Question being put Passed in the Affermative 
Moved, when this Meeting is Adjourned it shall be to Tuesday 
Fortnight at 3'O Clock P.M being the 25 Ins*. 
And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 



[216.] Tuesday March 25 th 3. O Clock in the Afternoon 
Town met according to Adjournment 

On a Motion Voted, that one other Person be Added to the four 
Hogreeves chosen for the Year ensuing whereupon 

M r . John Skinner 
was chosen a Hogreeve for the year ensuing 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1783. 301 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for one Constable and the same being brought in and 
Sorted, it Appeared that 

M r . Robert Brick 
was chosen a Constable for the year ensuing 

M r . Joseph Prince chosen one of the Scaving'ers for Ward N. 3. 
having desired the Town to excuse him from serving in that Office, 
he was accordingly excused. 

M r . Elkanah Hayden 
was chosen a Scavinger for the year ensuing for Ward N. 3. 

Moved and Voted, that one more be Added to the Persons 
chosen Surveyors of Boards 

M r . William Alexander 
was chosen a Surveyor of Boards for the year ensuing 

The Committee on the Article in the Warr f . Viz'. " To con- 
sider whether the Selectmen in their settling with the Town Clark 
may not allow him [217.] on Account of the high price of the 
Necessaries of Life, in proportion with what has been allowed the 
Other Town Officers," Reported as follows, Viz 1 . The Com- 
mittee Appointed by the Town for the purposes Above mentioned, 
are fully of Opinion that the Selectmen in Settling with the Town 
Clerk, allow him on Account of the high prices of the Necessaries 
of Life, in proportion with what has been allowed the School- 
masters 

Joseph Barrel p Order 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered the 
Question was put Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affirmative 

The Committee Appointed to devise the Necessary Means of 
removing the disorders of the Market and other Nuisances, beg 
Leave to report. 

I st That for the future in their Opinion it will be highly for the 
Interest of the Inhabitants in General, that proper places be 
Assigned for the different Markets for Wood, Hay, &c, as the 
Square contigueous to Faneuil Hall delinated in the Annexed plan, 
be still Approbiated [si'c] as the Most convenient spot for the great 
Market of Flesh, Vegetables, &c. 

2 d . That the Part of Common Street between the Grainery and 
the North end of the Burying Ground Adjoining; as also the Old 
North Square, be the Places for the Wood Marketts for all the 
Wood brought by land into this Town for Sale. 

[218.] 3 dly That the Space near Olivers Dock be Assigned as 
a Markett place for Hay, that is for all hay brought by Land for 
Sale into this Town. 

4 thly That the dock be filled up as far as the swing Bridge and if 
an}' Private Property be injured the owners thereof be compen- 
sated for their loss. 

5 thly . That an inspector of the Marketts be annually Chosen by the 
Town to see the several by Laws and Orders of the Town properly 
enforced as far as they respect the Marketts, and that this Officer 
bo allowed an Adequate reward for his Services. 



302 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

6 th17 . That the following by Laws be recommended to the Town 
as of indispensible Necessity, to give effect to the Preceding 
regulations. 

7 thly That the Scavengers be enjoined by the Town to the utmost 
to exert the Power with which they are invested for the suppression 
& preventi6n of those Nuisances which at present are a disgrace 
to our Police, and if not removed, by contaminating the Air, must 
contribute to produce the Most fatal disorders among the In- 
habitants. And in Order the more effectually to remedy this 
mischief It is earnestly enjoined upon the Inhabitants to give the 
earliest information to the proper Officers of all or any Nuisances 
that the proper and legal Methods may be forthwith taken for 
their removal. 

[219.] By Laws, for the Appointment and Regulation, of the 
several Markett places in the Town of Boston. 

Whereas, it frequently happens that Persons, who vend Hay, 
Wood, Meat, Vegetables, and other Articles of Supplies in this 
Town, Assemble and stand with their Carts, Teams, Sleds, 
Sleighs, Waggons & Horses, in some or Other of the Publick 
Streets, to the great annoyance of the Neighbourhood where such 
stand is made, and to the Danger of the Lives and Limbs of those 
who Attempt to pass them : And whereas it is highly convenient 
and necessary for the General Good, that in all Populous Towns, 
the Publick Stree ts thereof should be freely passable at all times, 
and that certain Publick places, be set apart for the Stand of 
those who suppty the Inhabitants thereof with Provisions & other 
Articles of Consumption. 

It is therefor Voted, and Ordered. That the lower floor of 
Faneuil Hall and the Land around the same (as laid out and 
marked in A plan this day Approved and Adopted by the Town) 
be the Common Markett place for the Sail of all kinds of Meat, 
Vegetables or Grain &c. the several parts thereof to be used 
and improved respectively for the purposes mentioned in the 
aforesaid plan [22O.] And whoever shall use or improve any 
part of said Markett place to a different purpose than is Assigned 
in said plan After being directed by the Inspector of the Markets 
to his proper place, and without special permission first had & 
Obtained from the Inspector of the Markett, shall forfit and pay 
the Sum of Six shillings for every such Offence. 

And if any Person or Persons bringing Meat, Vegetables or 
Grain to Markett shall be found standing in any other Publick 
Street of the Town, with his or their Team, Cart, Sled, Sleigh, 
Waggon, or Horse with Meat, Vegetables, or Grain, therewith 
(except while being stopt'd by some person offering to purchase 
the same or detained by some accident) he shall forfit and pay the 
Sum of Eight shillings for every such Offence. 

2 d It is further Ordered, That Common Street so called extending 
from the Granary to the North End of the Common Burying Place 
on the West Side of said Street, and also the Old North Square so 
called, be and they are hereby set apart and known as Wood 
Marketts, where it shall be lawful for all Persons bringing Wood, 
loads of barrells Empty or full, or Hoops to Marketts to Assemble 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1783. 303 

a-nd stand with their Teams, Carts, Sleds & Waggons for the pur- 
pose of vending the Same [221.] And if any Person or Persons, 
bringing Wood, Hoops, or Empty or full Barrells to Market shall 
be found, standing in any Other Publick Streets of the Town with his 
or their Team, Cart, Sled, or Waggon loaded with any of the afore- 
said Articles (except while being stoped by some persons offering 
to Purchase the Same, 6r detained by some Accident) he shall 
forfit & pay the Sum of Ten shillings for every such offence. 

3 d . And it is further Ordered, That the Open space at the bottom 
of Water Street near Olivers Dock, be and it hereby is set apart 
and Appropriated as a Hay Markett ; where it shall be Lawf ull 
for all Persons bringing Hay to Markett to Assemble and stand 
with their Teams, Carts, Sleds and Waggons for the purpose of 
vending the Same. And if any Person or Persons shall be found 
standing in any other Streets of the Town, with his or their 
Team, Cart, Sled or Waggon loaded with Hay (excepting at the 
place of weighing, & except while being Stopt'd by some Persons 
offering to purchase the same, or detained by some Accident) he 
shall forfit and pay the Sum of Twelve shillings for every such 
Offence. 

4 th . It is further Ordered. That no Person, or Persons, 
bringing Meat, Vegetables, Grain, Wood, Hay or any other 
Articles of Supplies [232.] to Market shall presume to stop 
and sell or Offer for sale any such Articles within the Limits 
of Dock Square or in any of the Avenues or Streets leading 
directly from State Street now so called into the Common Market 
place or Dock Square aforesaid, under the Penalty of six shill- 
ings for every such Offence 

And in order that Persons may not be encouraged & Counte- 
nanced in the Violation of the aforesaid Orders & By Laws. 

5 thly . It is further Ordered That every Person Inhabiting 
this Town, who shall buy or Offer to buy any Meats, Vegetables 
Grain, Wood, Hay or any other Articles of Supplies, brought to 
Market for Sale of any Person or Persons standing and Offering 
the same for Sale in any other Streets or parts of this Town than 
is herein respectively Assigned them for that purpose, or shall buy 
or offer to buy any of said Articles of any Person or Persons 
whatsoever within the limits of Dock Square or in any of the 
Avenues or Streets leading directly from State Street into the 
Common Market place or Dock Square Aforesaid, shall forfit and 
pay the Sum of Six shillings for every such Offence. 

And to the end that the foregoing Orders & By-Laws may not 
like others heretofore be [223.] rendered ineffectual nugatory 
by Remissness and inattention to the execution thereof but be 
carried into rigorous Effect. 

6 thlj . It is hereby further Ordered, That there be Annually chosen 
from among the Inhabitants of the Town some Active Spirited and 
faithfull Person, who shall be called the Inspector of the Markets, 
whose Duty it shall be to carry the severall By-Laws and Orders 
of the Town touching the arrangement of the severall Markets 
into constant Effect And in Order thereto he shall make it his 
daily employment to pass through the several Market Places, the 



304 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Avenues leading thereto, and the Several Publick Streets : and if the 
Inspector of the Markets shall find any Person or Persons, stand- 
ing with his or their Carts, Teames, Sleds, Sleighs, Waggons or 
Horses loaded with meats, Vegetables, Grain, Wood, Hay &c. 
as aforesaid in any of the Streets in Violation of the aforesaid 
By-Law, upon view thereof he shall Order & direct the Offender 
to ' Repair to the Market place Assigned for the Sale of the 
Articles he may have & on his refusal, the said Inspector of the 
Marketts shall forthwith Complain against such Persons to some 
[224.] Justice of the Piece that he may find Agreeable to the 
foregoing By-Laws. And it shall be the Duty of the said 
Inspector of the Markets to complain in Manner as aforesaid 
against all Breaches of An}' of the Aforesaid By-Laws which shall 
come to his knowledge, either by his own View, or the Informa- 
tion of any other Citizen And it shall further be the Duty of 
said Inspector of the Markets, to keep the several Market 
places continually clean and free from all kinds of filth & Dirt ; 
and to remove all Nusances therefrom. 

7 th . And to the end that said Inspector of the Market may be 
induced to perform his Duty with chearfullness and Integrity, It is 
Ordered that he shall have an Adequate and reasonable reward 
for his Service. 

8 th . It is further Ordered, That all Penalties & forfeitures 
Arising by any breaches of the foregoing By-Laws, shall go and 
be to the use of the Town, and be Approbiated to the support and 
maintance of the Several Markets, aforesaid By Order of the 
Committee. 

CHARLES JARVIS 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered Para- 
graph by Paragraph ; was Accepted by the Town & the Plan 
Mentioned in said Report was Adopted by the Town. 

[225.] Moved & Voted, that a Committee be Appointed to 
carry this Report into Execution 
Also Voted, that 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . 

Joseph Barrell Esq r . 

Thomas Daws Esq r . 

Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 

M r . Samuel Elliot (excused) 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . excused 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid & they are also Au- 
thorised and impowered to confir with the Abutters on the Dock 
relative to the tittle & property of the Land or any priviledges in 
the said Dock, as also with Respect to any Compensation. 

The Committee relative to Lands on the Neck having Reported, 
it was moved & Voted, that the consideration of said Report be 
referred to next May Meeting, and that the Town be then Notified 
thereof in the Warrant then to be essued for said Meeting 

The Committee Appointed to consider a late Motion for the 
Change of the Institution of the Annaversary on the 5 th . of March, 
reported as follows Viz'. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1783. 305 

Whereas the Annual Celebration of the Boston Massacre on the 
5 th . of March 1770, by the Institution of a Publick Oration 
[226.] has been found to be of eminent Advantage to the Cause 
of America in disseminating the Principles of Virtue and Patriot- 
ism among her Citizens ; And whereas the immediate Motives 
which induced the commemoration of that day, do now no longer 
exist in their primitive force ; while the Benefits resulting from the 
Institution to, may and ought to be forever preserved, by exchang- 
ing that Anniversary for Another, the foundation of which will 
last as long as time endures. It is therefore Resolved, that the 
Celebration of the fifth of March from henceforwards shall cease ; 
and that instead thereof the Anniversary of the 4 th . Day of July 
A.D. 1776 (a Day ever memorable in the Annals of this Country 
for the declaration of our Independance) shall be constantly 
celebrated by the Delivery of a Publick Oration, in such place as 
the Town shall determine to be most convenient for the purpose 
In which the Orator shall consider the feelings, manners &principles 
which led to this great National Event as, well as the important 
and f\appy EFFECTS whether general or domestick, which already 
have, and will forever continue to flow from this Auspicious 
Epoch. 

The foregoing Report having been read & considered, it was 
Voted, that the same be [227.] Accepted, And that a Committee 
be now Appointed to provide an Orator to deliver an Oration on 
the 4 th of July Next Agreeable to said report, Also. Voted, that 

Perez Morton Esq r . 
, Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . 

Hon ble . James Sullivan Esq r . 

William Tudor Esq r . 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose Aforesaid 

John Kemp chosen a Constable for the year ensuing having de- 
sired to be excused from serving in that Office he was Accordingly 
excused. 

Moved, that when this Meeting is Adjourned it be to next 
Monday sennight 3 Clock P.M. And it was Adjourned 
Accordingly 

Monday the 7 th . Day of April 3 O Clock Afternoon Town met 
according to Adjournment 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . in the Chair 

M r . John Cade chosen Scavinger for Ward N. 1 for the ensuing 
year having desired, to be excused from serving in that Office 
he was accordingly excused 

M r . Samuel Clough 
was chosen a Scavinger for the ensuing year for Ward N 1 

[228.] Ezekiel Price Esq r . one of the Committee relative to 
Incumbrances on the Dock & having desired to be excused from 
serving he was accordingly excused 

Deacon Newel 

was appointed one of the Committee relative to the Dock in the 
room of M r . Price 



306 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

t The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for one Constable and the same having been brought in and 
sorted it Appeared that 

M r . Calvin White excused 
was chosen Constable for the year ensuing 

Moved and seconded, that a Committee be now Appointed to 
consider and Report proper Instructions for the Committee of 
Correspondence Inspection and Safety of this Town After some 
debate the Question was put Viz 1 . Whether such a Committee shall 
be now Appointed by the Town And the Question being ac- 
cordingly put Passed in the Affermative 
Voted, that the 

Hon ble . Sam 1 . Adams Esq r . 
Hon ble . James Otis Es"q r . 
Joseph Greenleaf Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

1229.1 M r . William M c Fadden 

chosen a Hogreeve for the year ensuing having desired to be ex- 
cused from Serving in that Office, he was accordingly excused, 

M r . Timothy Conner 
was chosen Hogreeve for the Year ensuing 

M r . Calvin White 

chosen one of the Constables for the year having desired to be ex- 
cused from serving in that Office, he was accordingly excused by 
the Town 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for one Constable, but no Votes were brought in 

The Committee Appointed to Consider what directions were 
necessary to be given the Committee of Correspondence, Inspec- 
tion and Safety Reported the following Resolve Viz*. 

Whereas by a Resolve of the Legislature of this Commonwealth 
passed on the thirteenth of February Seventeen hundred seventy 
Six, the several Towns were directed and impowered at their 
Annuale Meetings in March to choose a Committee of Correspond- 
ence Inspection and Safety, whose bussiness (among other things) 
is to Communicate matters of Importance to Committees of the 
Same denominations, to any Other Town County or States, or to 
the General Assembly or Council. And whereas the present Cir- 
cumstances of the United States require that Committees so Ap- 
pointed should use their utmost industry & Care [33O.] to 
effect the great & important purposes of their Appointment, at a 
time when interest is making for the readmitting Absentees and 
Conspirators to return into this and other of the United States 
therefor 

Resolved That This Town will at all times (as they have 
done) to the utmost of their power, oppose every Enemy to the 
Just Rights and Liberties of Mankind : And that after so wicked 
a Conspiracy against those Rights and Liberties by certain ,In- 
grates, Most of them Natives of these States, and who have been 
Refugees and declared Traitors to their Country It is the Opin- 
ion of this Town, that they ought never to be suffered to return, 
but be excluded from having Lot or Portion among us 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1783. 307 

And the Committee of Correspondence are hereby requested as 
by the Law of this Commonwealth they are fully impowered, to 
write to the Several Towns, in this Commonwealth, and desire 
them to come into the same or Similar Resolves, if they shall 
think fit 

The foregoing Report having been read and Considered the 
Question was put Viz 1 . Whether this Report shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affirmative 

It was then moved and Voted that the aforegoing Resolves or 
Report of the Committee [231.] be published in the Publick 
News Papers 

Moved & Voted, that when this Meeting shall be Adjourned, it 
shall be to the same Day of the May Meeting. 3. O Clock in the 
Afternoon 

And the Meeting was accordingly 

Adjourned 



At a Meeting of the Male Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
of twenty one Years of Age & upwards qualified as the Constitu- 
tion prescribes, and legally warned in Publick Town Meeting 
Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 7 th . Day of April 
Anno Domini 1783 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . Joseph Eckly 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

Paragraphs of the Constitution or form of Goverment relative 
to the choice of Governor Lieve 4 . Governor and Six Senators, for 
the County of Suffolk were also read 

On a Motion Voted, 

That the Town will now come to the choice of a Governor 
Lievetenant Governor and six Senators for the County of Suffolk 

[x332.] It was then declared by the Selectmen that no Votes 
would be received but such as are unfolded, and that they Pur- 
pose the Poll should be closed at One O Clock 

It was then moved and Voted, that the Bells in the Town be set 
a ringing at half past twelve O'Clock 

Persons Voted for as Governor with the numbers of Votes for 
each Person. Viz*. His Excellency John Hancock Esq r . seven 
hundred & forty seven Votes Persons 

Voted, for as Governor 

Votes. 

Hon ble . James Bowdoin Esq r . 60 

Hon blc . Benjamin Lincoln Esq r . 52 

Persons Voted, for as Lieutenant Governor with the Number of 
Votes for each Person, Viz'. 

Votes. 

His Honor Thomas Cushing Esq r . . 724 

Hon ble . Elbridge Gerry Esq r . 105 

Hon ble . Azor Orne Esq r . - 1 

Hon ble . James Warren Esq r . 2 

Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . - - 1 

Persons Voted, for as Senators for the County of Suffolk, with 
the number of Votes for each Person Viz 1 . 



308 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Votes. 

Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . 823 

Hon ble Jeremiah Powell Esq r . 732 

[233.] Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . 812 

Hon ble . Cotton Tufts Esq r . 816 

Hon ble . Jabez Fisher Esq r . 704 

Ebenezer Wales Esq r . -- 785 

Hon ble . John Pitts p:sq r . 176 

Hon ble . Samuel Dexter -------- 125 

Hon ble . Samuel Nyles 23 

Hon ble . Robert T. Payne 1 

Hon ble . James Sullivan 10 

Hon ble . Benjamin Austin Esq r . ----- 9 

Hon ble . William Phillips 21 

Hon ble . Benjamin White Esq r . 4 

Hon ble . James Otis Esq r . 6 

John Lowel Esq r . 3 

John Rowe Esq r . --- 7 

Samuel Barret Esq r . -- ------ 2 

John Barret Esq r . 2 

Richard Cranch Esq r . -------- g 

Thomas Daws Esq r . 3 

Solomon Lovel Esq r . -------- 4 

Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 1 

Attested Copies of the Persons Voted for as Governor Luive- 
tanant Governor & Senators for the County of Suffolk, were com- 
mitted to the Secretary of this Commonwealth, and the Inclosures 
sealed up in Town Meeting, Superscribed as follows. Viz'. 

For 
John Avery Jun r . Esq r . 

Secretary of the Commonwealth 

of Massachusetts 

[234.] The Number of Votes of the Town of Boston for a 
Governor Lievetenant Governor and Six Senators for the County 
of Suffolk Certified within and sealed up in Town Meeting 
Then the Meeting was 
disolved 



At an Adjournment of the March Meeting to this Day, the In- 
habitants met according to Adjournment at 3. O'Clock Afternoon 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
in the Chair 

M r . Zipheon Thayer chosen one of the Scavingers for the year 
ensuing having desired the Town to Excuse him from serving in 
that Office, he was accordingly excused 

M r . Christopher Clark (excused) was chosen a Scavinger 
for the year ensuing. 

M r . Clark having appeared and prayed the Town to excuse him 
from serving in that Office the Year ensuing he was accordingly 
excused 

Cap 1 . Gilbert W. Speakman (Sworn) was chosen a Scavin- 
ger for the Year ensuing for Ward N. 9 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1783. 309 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes, for one Constable and the same having been brought in 
and sorted it appeared that 

M r . Earth . Broders 
was chosen a Constable for the Year ensuing 

[235.] Moved and Voted, that all Matters and things which 
remain unfinished at this Meeting be and they hereby are referred 
over to the May Meeting 

Moved & Voted, that the thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to Ezekiel Price Esq r . for his good services as Moderator 
Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick Town . 
Meeting Assembled at Fauieul Hall on Tuesday the 6 th Day of 
May Anno Domini 1783 10. O'Clock in the Forenoon 

Prayer was made by the Rev d . M r . Clark 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

That part of the Constitution or Form of Government which 
relates to the choice of Representatives read 

Sundry Laws to be read at the May Meeting were accordingly 

read 

The Town having determined to choose Seven Persons to Rep- 
resent them in the General Court of Massachusetts to be held at 
the State House in Boston [236.] upon the last Wednesday of 
May Current Agreeable to the Constitution or Frame of Govern- 
ment of the Massachusetts The Inhabitants were accordingly 
directed to withdraw and bring in their Votes for Seven Repre- 
sentatives, and then it was declared by the Selectmen, that no 
Votes would be received, but such as are unfolded, and that they 
purpose the Poll shall be closed at twelve O. Clock 

The Votes being brought in for Seven Representatives, the 
Number of the same were found to be three hundred seventy eight 

and upon sorting them it Appeared that the following Gentel- 
men were chosen by a Majority of said Votes Viz'. 

Votes 

The Hon ble . William Phillips Esq r . 337 

Hon ble . John Pitts Esq r . 310 

Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 264 

Hon ble . Caleb Davis Esq r . - - - - 303 

Thomas Daws Esq r . - 361 

Thomas Walley Esq r . 225 

Hon ble . James Sullivan Esq r . 244 

Adjourned to Four O Clock in the Afternoon 

4 O'Clock in the Afternoon Town met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

The choice of Representatives [237.] being over and declared 
by the Selectmen the Inhabitants, were directed to withdraw and 
bring in their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting in order that 
the Town may proceed in transacting the other Affairs mentioned 



310 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

in the Warrant; accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew and brought 
in their Votes, and upon sorting them it Appeared, that 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . (excused) 
was chosen Moderator. 

M r . Price having informed the Town that he was prevented 
from giving his Attendance the Inhabitants were directed to with- 
draw and bring in their Votes, for another Moderator and the 
same being brought in and sorted it appeared that 

Thomas Daws Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator of the Meeting 

Moved and Voted, that a Comittee be now chosen to draw up 
and Report at the Adjournment of this Meeting a Draught of In- 
structions for the Gentlemen who Represent this Town in the 
General Assembly. 

Voted, that the Hon ble . Sam: Adams Esq r . 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
Hon ble . James Lovel Esq r . 

[238.] D r . Charles Jarvis 

Joseph Greenleaf Esq r . 
be appointed a Committee for the purpose aforesaid. 

M r . Thomas Walley chosen one of our Representatives in the 
General Court having in writing declined Serving as a Represent- 
ative he was accordingly excused by the Town. 

The Moderator lade before the Town a Letter he had received 
from the Hon ble . William Philips Esq r . which was read. 

The Committee relative to Lands on the Neck, being Appointed 
by the Town to consider the Situation of said Lands, and what 
improvement can be made of these Reported and the said Re- 
port having been read & considered, and also announced by the 
Town was Accepted as follows Viz*. 

That the Selectmen be impowered to lease (for as short a time 
as they can agree on) to M r . Nathaniel Curtis or any other person 
a Piece of Beach Land measuring Ninety five feet more or less in 
length and lying between the Land and Wharff of said Curtis and 
the Northeast Corner of the Fortification and such part of the 
Land Adjoining as the Selectmen shall think proper on condition 
that such Persons shall Covenant to Erect a Subestantial Sea Wall 
of Stone, five feet [239.] high with a good Capston Top, to run 
from said Curtis's ; Wharff to the Northeast Corner aforesaid, and 
be filled in with dirt so as to level the Ground from said Wall to 
the Street, and have the same compleated by the first Day of No- 
vember next ensuing 

That it is of immediate importance to the preservation of the 
Lands remaining, on the Easterly side of the Neck that a Stone 
Wall be built as soon as possible to extend from the Southerly 
Corner of the Wood Work of the Fortification to the head of 
the Dam containing About one Thousand feet in Length, and 
that all the Ground within said Wall be made level with the 
Pavement. 

And in order to have this most necessary work speedily and 
effectually executed, the Town impower the Selectmen to lay out 
the Lands included in the Above Boundaries into Lots of Sixty 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1783. 311 

feet each in Front and running to said Wall, and to execute 
Sufficient Deeds of Bargain and Sale of every other of said Lots 
to such Person, or Persons as will contracte for themselves and 
Heirs to Erect and forever maintain said Wall, and preserve the 
Ground lying within said Limits from Decay. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . Whether the Town will take 
any other or further Measures for preventing or removing [24O.] 
any Incumbrances or Nusances as well on the Common as in the 
Streets Lanes or High Ways of the Town was read whereupon. 

Voted, that W'". Tudor (excused) 

Hon ble . James Sullivan Esq r . 

Josiah Waters 

M r . John Lowel -------- excused 

Tho 8 . Daws Jun r . Esq r . 

be and hereby are Appointed a Committee for the purpose afore- 
said and they hereby are Authorised and impowered to Confer 
with the Abutors on the Town Dock relative to the Title and 
Property of the Lands, or any Privileges in the said Dock, as also 
with respect to any Compensation And to Report at the 
Adjournment of this Meeting 

M r . Samuel Eliot Appointed one of the Committee for filling up 
the Dock having desired the Town to excuse him from serving on 
that Committee he was accordingly excused. 

M r . Henry Prentice was chosen one of the Committee for the 
purpose aforesaid 

Moved that the foregoing Committee for filling up the Dock - - 
Viz'. 

Charles Jarvis Esq r . 
Joseph Barrel Esq r . 
Thomas Dawes Esq r . 

T241.] Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 

Deacon Timothy Newell 
M r . Henry Prentice 

be desired to proceed in that Business, and in making the Head 
and carrying out the Draines which run into the Dock, in Order 
for the immediate filling up the same upon the best terms that 
may be ; and also fixing the Bails and Posts for the better accom- 
modation of the Market People ; and that the Expencies of the 
same be paid out of the next Town Tax. 

And the Question being Accordingly put Passed in the 
Affermative. 

Moved and Voted, that the Committee Appointed to prepare a 
Draught of Instructions for the Gentlemen who Represent this 
Town in the General Court ; have an Article in said Draught, 
Viz 1 . That when the Representatives are met in General Court 
they pray leave of the House in behalf of the Town, to bring in a 
Bill for removing Newsauces and Incumbrances from Dock Square 
and elsewhere, and also regulating the Market. 

Moved, and Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to Notefy 
in the News Papers the Adjournment of this Meeting, at which it 
will be considered whether the Town will then proceed to the 



312 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Choice of [242.] two Representatives in the room of the Gentel- 
men who have resigned or declined serving 

Adjourned to Tuesday next being the 13 th . Day of May, 10. 
O Clock in the Forenoon 

May 13 th . 10. O Clock Forenoon Met According to Adjournment. 
The Selectmen presided 

The Town took into consideration 

Whether a Gentelman should now be chosen to Represent the 
Town in the General Assembly of this Commonwealth in the room 
of M r . Thomas Walley who has declined serving and it having 
been determined to choose one Gentelman in the Room of the said 
M r . Walley who has resigned It was then moved that the choice 
of a Representative be reff erred to the Afternoon , and that it is 
proposed that the Poll be closed at 4 O Clock Afternoon. 
Col. Daws took the Chair. 

The Committee appointed to prepare & to Audit Accounts of M r . 
Boyer Town Treasurer Reported and the Report having been 
read, it was moved and Voted, that this Report be recommitted. 

[243.] The Committee Appointed to prepare a Draught of 
Instructions to the Geutelmen who Represent the Town in the 
General Court Reported a Draught, which being read, it was 
moved and Voted, that the same be referred for consideration to 
the Afternoon. 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock in the Afternoon 

3. O'Clock in the Afternoon Met according to Adjournment. 
The Selectmen presided 

Moved & Voted, that it be a rule at the present Meeting, that 
all those Persons who give in their Votes for a Representative, 
shall enter the Hall and there rernaine untill the Poll shall be closed. 

Voted, that the Vote passed in the Morning proposing that the 
Poll be closed at 4. O'Clock be reconsidered and it is proposed that 
the Poll for the choice of a Representative be closed at 5. O: Clock 
this Afternoon. 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for one Representative. 

The Votes, being brought in for one Representative the number 
of the same were found to be One hundred & fourteen and upon 
sorting them it Appeared that 

John Rowe Esq r . 

Votes. 

was chosen by a Majority of Votes ----59 

[244.] The business relative to the choice of a Representa- 
tive being over 

Col. Daws 
took the Chair. 

The Report of Committee for draughting Instructions to the 
Gentelmen chosen to Represent this Town in the General Court 
again taken up and the Draught of Instructions having been 
considered paragraph by paragraph was accepted by the Town, 
and are as follows. Viz 1 . 



BOSTON Towx RECORDS, 1783. 313 

Gentelmen 

Having made choice of you to Represent this Town 
in the General Court the year ensuing, We confide in your Integ- 
rity and good Understanding to conduct the Publick Affairs in our 
Behalf, in such Manner as to promote the Interest and Safety of 
the Commonwealth at Large and of this Metropolis in particular. It 
is nevertheless our unalienable Right to communicate to you our 
.Sentiments; and when we shall judge it necessary or convenient to 
give you our Instructions on any Special Matter, and We expect you 
will hold yourselves at all times bound to Attend to and to [245.] 
Observe them. You will constantly bear it on your Minds, that 
this Commonwealth is free Sovereign and Independent ; and that it 
retains every Power Jurisdiction and Right which is not by the 
Confederation or may not hereafter by the People, be expressly 
delegated to the United States in Congress Assembled You will 
therefore conceive it to be your bounden Duty in your legislative 
Capacity, to exercise the Powers of the Commonwealth vested in 
you with your utmost Wisdom, to guard its Rights with all possible 
Vigilance, and take Care that its sovereign Jurisdiction be not 
impared or unreasonably delagated to Other Persons, besides those 
in whom the Constitution hath vested it on any Pretence whatever. 

Self preservation is said to be the first Law of Nature, It holds 
good equally with Societies and Individuals, you will therefore 
carefully Advert to those Principles which are essential to the 
Preservation of a free Commonwealth. In this you will be greatly 
aided by our excellent Frame of Government and the Declara- 
tion of Rights, which we recommend to your frequent Perusal 
There we find it to be the express Sentiment of the Body of this 
People, that the preservation of Good Government, essentially 
[246.] depends upon Piety Religion and Morality, and that these 
cannot be generally diffused among a Community but by the 
Institution of the Public Worship of God That Wisdom and 
Knowledge, as well as Virtue are necessary for the preserva- 
tion of the Rights and Liberties of the People. That it is the 
Duty of the Legislators and Magistrates of the Commonwealth, to 
cherrish the Interest of Literature and the Sciences, and all Sem- 
inaries of them especially the University at Cambridge, Publick 
Schools and Grammar Schools, in the Towns That Piety 
Justice, Moderation, Temperance, Industry and Frugality, are 
absolutely necessary to preserve the Advantages of Liberty 
These are the Principles of our Constitution, which it was incum- 
bent on us very particularly to attend to in our Choice of you to 
represent us ; and we require of you the Strict Observance of them 
in the Part you shall take in the Formation of all Laws Necessarr 
for the good Administration of the Affairs of the Commonwealth. 
We shall always Submit chearfully to Laws formed on those Prin- 
ciples, and wish for as perfect a [247.] System as human 
Wisdom can contrive ; at the same time, as faithfull Citizens, we 
must enjoin it upon you, to use your utmost Inffluence, that the 
Act of this Commonwealth, intitled an Act for the due Observa- 
tion of the Lords Day, and other penal Laws may be carefully 
revised, that Such of them or parts of them as are repugnant to 



314 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

the Rights and Liberties contained in the Constitution, may be 
altered and amended or repealed. 

Moreover in the aforesaid Declaration of Rights, the impartial 
Interpretation of the Laws, and Administration of Justice are 
expressly held to be essential to the Preservation of the Rights 
of every Individul, his Life, Liberty, Property and Character ; 
We therefore expect that you will use your utmost Endeavours 
that all due Encouragement be given to the Ministers of Justice : 
and particularly, that an honorable Support be Afforded, as the 
Constitution requires, to the Judges of the Supreme Judicial Court. 
You will also take Care that the Three Great Powers of Govern- 
ment the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial be kept distinct 
Agreeable to the Letter of our Constitution, and the Spirit of 
every free [24:8.] Government This we more especially remind 
you of, inasmuch as we believe there has been an Interference in 
the Exercise of these several Powers which leads to a fatal Change 
of a free Commonwealth for Tyranny or Anarchy and Con- 
fusion. 

You will always remember that you represent a Trading Town ; 
and therefore while you justly give your Attention to every Con- 
sideration which may lead to promote Agriculture in its utmost 
Extent, you will not fail to exert yourselves in proposing and 
enforcing every Measure Adapted to cherish and extend our 
Trade, and to encourage the Fishery, which by the Blessing of 
Heaven is secured to us by the Treaty of Peace. We cannot too 
warmly express our Gratitude to Almighty God, who hath smiled 
on the virtuous Struggles of the United States, and crowned the 
Conflict with so happy a Conclusion, Our Independence is con- 
firmed A Blessing for which Patriots have long toiled and 
Heroes fought and Bled Posterity can never justly charge us 
with tamely surrendering their Rights We and they shall be 
Free so long as we shall [249.] deserve Freedom It will de- 
pend upon our Virtue But while we contemplate the Treaty 
in general with pleasure we cannot help feeling anxious for the 
Event of the fifth Article, which respects those Men who fled from 
their Country when their Liberties were Invaded, and took 
Residence in the Dominions of the Invader, Congress only can 
recommend They will not Obtrude Citizins on any of the States 
Much less declared Traitors We give it to you as our Opinion, 
that the late Conspirators against the Rights and Liberties of 
America and of Mankind, whether they have Actually taken up 
Arms against us or not, who have taken Shelter in the Bosom of 
our Enemies, that Nation which has exhausted her Wealth and 
Strength to enslave us ought never be suffered to Return, but to 
be excluded from having any Lot or Portion among us. 

The Committee Appointed to confer with the Abuttors on the 
Town Dock relative to the Title and property of the Lands ; or 
any Privileges in the said Dock as, also with respect to any 
Compensation Reported verbally and had leave to Report 
again 

Moved and Voted, that the [25O.] Instructions Agreed upon 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1783. 315 

to be given the Gentlemen who Represent this Town in the Gen- 
eral Court be published in the severall News Papers. 

Moved that when this Meeting shall be Adjourned, it shall be 
to this Day three Weeks. 10. O Clock Fore noon. 
And the Meeting was accordingly 
Adjourned. 



Tuesday June 3 d . 1783. 10. O'Clock Forenoon, met according 
to Adjournment 

Thomas Daws Esq r . the Moderator of this Meeting being 
detained at the General Court, a Motion was made and passed 
that a Moderator Pro Tern , be now chosen by a Hand Vote. 

Benjamin Kent Esq r . 

was chosen Moderator of this Meeting during the Absence of the 
Hon ble . Samuel Adams Esq r . the Moderator 

It was moved and Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 
3. O Clock Afternoon and the Meeting was accordingly Ad- 
journed. 

3. O'Clock P: M Met according to Adjournment. 

[251.] Benjamin Kent Esq r . chosen a Moderator Pro. Tern , 
being Absent it was moved and Voted, that another Moderator 
Pro Tern , be now chosen. 

Joseph Greenleaff Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator Pro Tern , by a Hand Vote 

The Committee Appointed by the Town to examine the Books 
and Accompts of M r . Peter Boyer Town Treasurer to March the 
1 st . 1783 have Attended that service and beg leave to Report as 
follows. 

That they find the Books and Accompts of said Treasurer regu- 
larly kept and posted up to the first of March 1783 by which it 
Appears that he charges himself for Taxes received, Rents, Sale 
of New Emission Money, and State Treasurers Certificates from 
the first of March 1782 to the first of March 1783. the Sum of 
Eighteen thousand seven hundred and six pounds nineteen Shill- 
ings and four Pence half Penny, and also new Notes hand issued 
in lieue of Old ones, which he has redeemed and charges the Town 
with to the Amount of Seven Thousand and thirty seven Pounds 
fourteen Shillings & 7 d . Specie the whole of s d . two Sums Amount- 
ing to 25744. 13. 11 Specie 

[252.] And s d . Treasurer discharges himself from the Above 
Sums in the following manner 

Paid on the Selectmens Drafts to March 1 st . 1783 3944 18 If 
Paid on the Overseers Draft to D - - - - 915 9 B| 
Paid to old & New Creditors 3585 14 6 ) . 7 t . fta 

& 1102 O|j 

Paid Loan Notes given to Supply Almshouse - 1050 
Paid off old Notes given for supply \ - 7fifi - 01 

of the Alms House ' j 
Paid Interest of Ditto - 1829 5 11 J 



316 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Paid Premiums & Abatements made to the ^j 

Late Collectors, Mess. Shaw, Suraner, ! fi , . _ 1 
.Thompson & Bayley on the Settlement of j 

their Account 
Paid on Account of New Notes 449 15 2i 



25193 ^ 5 
Ballance Remaining in the hands of Peter") 

Boyer Town Treasurer the I 8t of March 1783 >- 551 8 
in hard Money carryd to New Account J 



Specie 25744 13 11 

Your Committee have carefully & in a Particular Manner Ex- 
amined the Books & Accounts of said Treasurer also the Drafts of 
the Selectmen & Overseers & every Other publick charge & find 
them all Right Cast & proper & Sufficient Vouchers of every 
Charge. 

There also remains in the hands of the Treasurer the I 8t . of 
March 1783 besides the Above Ballance Viz'. 

Dollars 

[253.] In New Emission Money 57323 N.E. isl 7196 18 
In old Continental Money old Curr y - 38202 7 8 
for which said Treasurer remains Accountable to your Committee 
Also think it proper to inform the Town that it Appears by the 
Treasurers Books that there remained due from the four last Col- 
lectors Viz 1 . M r . Bayley M r . Williams M r . Parker & M r . Fallass, 
the first. March 1783 including their Premiums the following 
Sums Viz*. 

From M r . Bayley 564 12 5f 

from M r . Williams - - - - - 924 2 6 

from M r . Parker 903 8| 

from M r . Fallas 921 19 7f 



Specie 3313 15 4 

All which is humbly Submitted by Thomas Melvill, Thomas 
Walley, John Lowell.' Boston May I 8t . 1783. 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered the 
Question was put. Viz 1 . Whether the same shall be accepted Passed 
in the Affermative. 

The Article in the Warrant for March Meeting relative to a 
Grant for the services of the Present Year, Schoolmasters Salaries 
&c which was referred over to this Meeting for consideration 
was read whereupon it was moved & Voted, that a Committee 
be appointed to consider and Report what Sum of Money it will 
be necessary [254:.] for the Town to raise .in order to defrey the 
Expencies of the Current Year. 

Voted, that Edward Payne Esq r . 
M r . Thomas Walley 
Ezekiel Price Esq r . 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid who are desired to make 
Report at the Adjournment of this Meeting. 

The Committee Appointed to confer with the Abuttors on the 
Town Dock relative to Claims Compensation &c : made a Verbal 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1783. 317 

Report whereupon it was Moved That said Committee be 
desired to proceed in the business Assigned them, and make 
Report thereof to the Town in writing at the Adjournment of this 
Meeting and the Question being accordingly put Passed in 
the Affermative 

The Selectmen 
Appointed a Committee to Act upon the List of Jurors. 

Moved & Voted, that when this Meeting is Adjourned, it shall 
be to next Thursday Seven night 3. O'Clock P: M: 

Moved & Voted, that the consideration of Schoolmasters Salary s 
be referred to the Adjournment. 

Then the Meeting was Adjourned. 

[255.] Thursday Three O Clock Afternoon Met According 
to Adjournment. 

The Committee Appointed by the Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston to examine the Claims of the Abuttors on the Town Dock 
have Attended that service and beg leave to Report 

That the Claimes of said Abuttors, as well as the Claimes of The 
Town in and to the Dock are exceeding numerous Ancient and 
perplexed, and that the Committee have great reason to Suppose 
there is a very considerable Number of Deeds and Papers touching 
the Claimes aforesaid "which have not yet been exhibited. 

That if the Committee could gain possession of all the Papers, 
of every kind relating to said Claims it would even in that Case re- 
quire such a length of Time to Obtain a final and determined 
Opinion touching the Nature and quantity of right of different 
Claimants as would have the Speedy purpose for which the Com- 
mittee was chosen unanswered. 

Besides your Committee would be cautious how they deside 
upon the right of any Person who denies all Authoriety to [256.] 
determin in such case, but the Authority of a Court Law. 

Upon the whole the Committee having considered the long unin- 
terrupted possession of the Abuttors and their Predecissors, and 
having looked into a large number of Deeds and Town Records 
are of Opinion, that the Town has little more than a right in com- 
mon to that part of the Dock meant to be filled up, and that it is 
most convenient in the choice of difficulties to make some compo- 
sition with the Abuttors and to make them some Offer for a release 
of their right be that more or less. 

JAMES SULLIVAN 
Jo 8 . WATERS JuN r . 
THOMAS DA WES Ju r . 

The aforegoing Report having been read and considered the 
Question was put Viz'. Whether the same shall be Accepted 
Passed in the Affirmative. 

Moved, that a Committee be appointed to confer with the Abut- 
tors on the Town Dock, and Report the Sums that Such Abuttors 
would take for their claim to the Dock, and in case the Abuttors 
do not mention a Sum, then the Committee and Abuttors shall 
agree upon three Persons to value said Claims and Report the 
same at the [257.] Adjournment of this Meeting And the 
Question being accordingly put Passed in the Affirmative. 



318 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are Appointed a Com- 
mittee for the purposes Aforesaid 

The Committee Appointed to consider and Report what Sum of 
Money it would be necessary for the Town to raise in order to 
def rey the Expencies of the Current Year Reported And the 
Report having been read it was moved and Voted, that the consid- 
eration of this Report, and all other matters which remain unfin- 
ished to be referred over to the Adjournment of this Meeting 

Moved, that when this Meeting is Adjourned it shall be to this 
Day seven Night 3. O'Clock Afternoon 

Voted, that the Town Clerk be directed to Notify the Inhabi- 
tants of the business of the Adjournment Viz 1 . To grant the 
Sum of Money necessary to defrey the Expencies of the Current 
Year, and also the Salares of Schoolmasters Town Treasurer &c 

Adjourned to Thursday the 19 th . of June Instant. 3. OClock 
Afternoon. 

[258.] Thursday the 19 th . Day of June 3. O. Clock in the 
Afternoon the Town met according to Adjournment. 

The Committee Appointed to consider what Sum of Money is 
necessary to be raised for defreying the Expencies of the Current 
year Reported as follows Viz'. 

That it appears by the Treasurers Books and the Report of the 
Committee appointed to examine the Treasurers Accounts, there 
remained unpaid of the Selectmen and Overseers Draughts on the 

first of March last 2020 

To discharge this Sum there was in the 

Treasury in Money ------ 550 

Due from the Collectors deduct 8 , their 

Premiums and Abatem ts . About 8 p C', 
Remains due to Compleat the Draughts of the 

last Year ------- 



- 550 ) 
ir | fi1 q f 
*. J ) 

j 

f 

j 



To pay for New School House since drawn ) . . 

for- } 34 

o pa 
past 



To pay the Town Clerk for three years ) 1000 



2200 

For the Expences of the Curr 1 . year School- 
masters Salaries 1200 

Watchmen 760 Town Treasurer and Town ) 1 

Clark 400 } 116( 

[259.] Assessors 600 Premium for f , 9nn 

Collecting - - - - 600 j 1 

6 p C l . Abatement on 25000 1500 

Repairing the Streets, Buildings and other Con- ") -~~ 

tingent Charges at least -------j 

For Posts Rails &c for the Market Square and \ * 

filling up the Dock to be paid out of the Taxes 

exclusive of the Abuttors Claims 

6060 
To pay the Overseers Draughts for the Alms- } 2000 

house __---------. j 

10260. 



BOSTON TOWN EECORDS, 1783. 319 

In this Estimate no Provision is made to pay any part of the old 
debts either principal or interest except the New P^raission Money 
is Sold for the purpose of paying the Interest on the Notes, that 
have been brought in and renewed. 

This Sum of 10260 - - - the Committee are of Opinion will be 
necessary whether tlie Inhabitants can pay a larger or even so 
Large a Sum in Addition to the State Taxes, is submitted to the 
consideration of the Town Edward Payne 
The State Tax is upwards Thomas Wallev 
of 17000. Ezekiel Price 

The aforegoing Report having been read and Considered, it was 

moved that the Sum of 10,200 lawful Money be [26O.] 

raised by a Tax on the Inhabitants to defry the P^xpencies of the 
Town the Current Year and the Question being accordingly put 
Passed in the Affirmative. 

It was moved and carried that the Above Vote for raising 
10,200 for the defreying the Charges of the Current year be 
reconsidered also 

Voted, that the Sum of Nine thousand Pounds lawful Money be 
raised by a Tax upon the Polls and Rateable Estates of the 
Inhabitants of this Town in order to defrey the necessary Ex- 
pences of the Current Year. 

Moved, that a Committee be now Appointed to consider and 
Report what they shall Judge to be proper and adequate Salaries 
for the Schoolmasters and Town Treasurer the present Year 
And the Question being accordingly put Passed in the Aff erma- 
tive also 

Voted, that M r . Thomas Walley excused 

M r . John Lowell 
M r . Joseph Russel 
Joseph Barrel Esq r . 

be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid to Report at the Ad- 
journment. 

Moved that when this Meeting is Adjourned it shall be to this 
Day fortnight [261.] 3. O Clock. Afternoon, being the 3 d . Day of 
July 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 19 th . 
Day of June Anno Domini 1783. 4. O'Clock in the Afternoon 

Warrant for calling the Meeting was read. 

The Precept received from the Speaker of the House of Repre- 
sentatives for the choosing one Person to Represent this Town in 
the General Court this present year in the Room of the Hon ble . 
John Pitts Esq r . who has been Elected Senator and accepted the 
Trust was read and After some debate had thereon 

It was moved, that the Town proceed to make choice of one 
Person to Represent this Town in the General Court of this 
Commonwealth for the present Year in room of the Hon ble . John 



320 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Pitts Esq r . who has been Elected Senator and Accepted 

the Trust And the Question being accordingly put Passed in 

the Negative. 

It was then moved that this Meeting be dissolved. 

And the Meeting was accordingly dissolved. 



At an Adjournment of the May Meeting July 3 d . 1783. 
3. O Clock in the Afternoon. 

Joseph Greenleaf Esq r . 
in the Chair 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . "To consider the request 
of a Number of the Inhabitants that no Person whatever be 
suffered to sell pickeled Meat Butter or Wet Provisions of any 
kind whatever in the Market &c was read as also the Petition 
to the Selectmen, requesting, that said Article might be inserted in 
the Warrant for calling the Meeting whereupon after some 
debate it was moved and Voted, that the further consideration of 
this Article be deffered. 

The Article in the Warrant. Viz'. "To consider of some 
speedy method for payment of the Expence incurred by Build- 
ing the New School- house," was read, and After some debate, the 
Town declined Acting upon said Article 

[263.] The Article in the Warrant, Viz'. To consider the 
Request of the Constables that some recompence may be made 
them for services rendered the Town in that Office " was read & 
considered ; whereupon the Question was put. Viz'. Whether 
the said Request shall be granted Passed in the Negative. 

The Committee Appointed to consider and Report what they 
should Judge Adequate Grants to the School Masters for the 
present Year having Reported to the Town as their Opinon 
that the Same Allowances be made the Several Schoolmasters for 
their services the present Year as were made them the last Year 
the following Votes were passed Viz'. 

Voted, that the Sum of two hundred Pounds, be allowed and 
paid unto M r . Samuel Hunt for his Salary as Master of the South 
Grammar School the present year to commence the first of March 
last, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due. 

Voted, that the Sum of two hundred Pounds be allowed and 

paid unto M r . Nathan Davis for his Salary as Master of the North 

Grammer School the present Year, commencing from the first of 

March last the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become 

due. 

[264.] Voted, that the Sum of One hundred and Ninety 
Pounds be allowed and paid unto M r . James Carter for his Salary 
as Master of the Writing School in Queen Street the present Year 
commencing from the first of March last, the same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall become due. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred and Ninety Pounds, be 
allowed and paid unto M r . James Tileston for his Salary as Master 
of the North Writing School the present year, the same to be paid 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1783. 321 

him Quarterly as it shall become due and to commence from the 
first of March last. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred and Ninety Pounds be 
allowed and paid unto M r . John Vinal for his Salary as Master of 
the Writing School in the Common the present year, the same to 
be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence 
from the first of March last 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M r . Samuel Payson for his Salary as Usher of the South 
Grammer School for the present Year the Same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence from the first 
of March last 

[265.] Voted, that M r . John Tileston Master of the North 
Writing School be allowed for House Rent the present year the 
Sum of forty Pounds, the Same to be paid him Quarterly as it 
shall become due and to commence from the first of March last 

Voted, that M r . Nathan Davis Master of the North Grammer 
School be allowed for House Rent the Present Year the Sum of 
Forty Pounds, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall 
become due and to commence from the first of March last 

Voted, that M r . John Vinal Master of the Writing School in the 
Common be allowed for House Rent the present Year the Sum of 
forty Pounds, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall be- 
come due and to commence from the first of March last 

Voted, that M r . Peter Boyer be allowed and paid the Sum of 
Two hundred Pounds for his Services as Treasurer the present 
Year, the same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due 
and to commence the first of March Last 

[266.] The Committee Appointed to confer with the Abutters 
on- the Town Dock relative to any Claims of Priviledge &c in said 
Dock being called upon to Report informed the Town that they 
were not as yet able to make Report. 

Moved that a Committee be now appointed to take into consid- 
eration what is still due to David Jeffries Esq r . late Town 
Treasurer for his Services in that Office and to Report at the Ad- 
journment if any or at the next Town Meeting The Question 
being accordingly put Passed in the Affirmative. 
Voted, that M r . Thomas Walley 
M r . John Lowel 
M r . Henry Prentice 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

Voted,. that all Matters & things which remain unfinished at this 
Meeting be referred over to the next general Town Meeting that 
shall be called then to be acted upon 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 1 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in [267.] Pub- 
lick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fry day the 4 th . 
Day of July Anno Domini 1783 10. O. Clock in the Forenoon 

Warrant for calling this Meeting was read 



322 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

The Hon ble . James Sullivan Esq r . was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting & took his Seat accordingly. 

The Committee appointed by the Town the Tenth of March last 
to Apply to a proper Gentelman to deliver an Oration on the fourth 
Day of July Instant (in such Place as the Town shall determine to 
be most convenient for the purpose) it being a Day ever 
memorable in the Annals of this Country for the Declaration of 
our Independence 

Reported 

Thut having met several times for the purposes mentioned in 
the Town Vote, they have unanimously made choice of D r . John 
"Warren to deliver an Oration on the fourth of July Instant, who 
had accordingly accepted of that service 

The foregoing Report having been read, the same was accepted 
by the Town 

Upon a Motion the Town took into consideration when would be 
the best time [268.] to have the Oration pronounced ; as also 
what place would be most suitable for the purpose whereupon 

Voted, that the Oration be delivered at D r . Coopers Church in 
Brattle street, the Kail not being capacious enough to receive the 
Inhabitants that Attend upon the Occasion also 

Voted, that William Tudor Esq r . 
Thomas Daws Esq r . 
Ebenezer Hancock Esq r . 

be a Committee to wait upon D r . John Warren, and acquaint him 
that it is the desire of the Town, that the Oration may be delivered 
at D r . Coopers Church as soon as the Religeous Exercises as di- 
rected by the Gen 1 . Court are ended, as also to Ask leave of the 
Committee of said Church for the use of that Building v 

On a Motion Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Satur- 
day next, 12. O'Clock at Noon then to met in this Place 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned 

Saturday the 5 th . Day of July 12. O'Clock at Noon Town 
Met According to Adjournment 

[269.] AN ORATION 

To commemorate the Independence of the United States of Amer- 
ica was delivered by D r . John Warren at D r . Coopers Church on 
the Yesterday to a large and crouded Assembly, that Day being 
the Anniversary of said Independance 

On a Motion Voted, that The Selectmen 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to wait on Docf. John 
Warren, and in the Name of the Town to Thank him for the learned 
and elegant Oration delivered by him Yesterday at the Request of 
the Town upon the Anniversary of the Independence of the United 
States of America in which according to the Institution of the 
Town he considered the feelings, manners, and Principles which 
lead to that great National Event And to request of him a Copy 
thereof for the Press. 

On a Motion Voted, that 

The Gentelmen the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1783. 323 

Committee to Apply to some Learned and Able Gentelman to 
deliver an Oration on the 4 th . of July 1784 that Day being the An- 
niversary of the INDEPENDENCE of the United [27O.] States of 
America, wherein the Orator is to consider the feelings manners 
and principles which lead to this great National Event, as well as 
the important and happy Effects whether general or Domestice 
which have already and will forever continue to flow from that 
Auspicious Epoch. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and Other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 11 th . Day of 
August Anno Domini 1783 3. O'Clock P.M. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting was read. 

Moved & Voted, that a Moderator for this Meeting be chosen 
by a Hand Vote. 

The Hou ble . Robert Treat Paine Esq r . was chosen Moderator, 
but being by his desire excused from serving 

Thomas Dawes Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator, and took the Chair accordingly. 

[271.] The Petition of a Number of Physicians for leave to 
Erect an Inoculating Hospital at Apple Island &c Viz 1 . 

To The Freeholders & Other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
in publick Town Meeting Assembled. 

When the People of this Commonwealth were a part of the 
British Nation, and consequently were connected in Commerce 
only with that Kingdom, their Islands and Countries, it happened 
by this intercourse, that nearly once in ten }*ears that distinctive 
Disorder the Small Pox made its Appearance in this Metropolis, 
sweeping from the Stage in its progress, the enterprising Mer- 
chant the busy Mechanic, and the valuable Patriot, before leave 
could be obtained to mitigate its Severity by the Hand of the 
Inoculation. The Inhabitants flew from the face of the destro3 - er 
and with them a very important Part of the Trade of this Metrop- 
olis, which has scarcely at this day returned, since we have now 
Opened an Intercourse with the Nations of Europe and all the 
Islands in the West Indies, may we not justly expect this disorder 
will be much oftner brought among us which will occasion an 
Obstruction in Trade very injurious to a large Commercial City; 
to prevent these Evils in future, which we conceive may be effected 
by an Appropriation of some convenient place for Inoculation, 
where every Person who wishes to pass through [272.] the Dis- 
order may without any danger to that part of the Community who 
from Infirmity or disinclination would Chuse to Avoid it. 

The Subscribers beg leave to Petition for Liberty to carry on 
the Business of Innoculation upon Apple Island it being a very Safe 
and convenient Situation ; or some Other place within the Juris- 
diction of the Town in the neighbourhood of said Island, and to 
be under such regulations as the Law directs, as they doubt not 



324 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

the Town will be convinced of the Utility of the Institution they 
therefor with pleasure submit to their wise consideration. 
And your Petitioners as in duty bound will ever pray 

JOHN WARREN 
THOMAS WELSH 
AARON DEXTER 
JOHN BARTLETT 

The foregoing Petition having been read, and considered, it was 
Moved, and the Question Accordingly put Viz'. Whether the 
Town consent and Approve of the busines of Inoculation being 
carried on upon Apple Island Passed in the Affermative 

The Petition of the Town of Chelsea relative to their being 
reannexed to the Town of Boston, was laid before the Town and 
is as follows Viz'. 

[273.] To the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston the Ad- 
dress and Petition of the Town of Chelsea Humbly Sheweth. 

That having for the Space of Forty five years experienced many 
disadvantages from a Small Incorporation, which at first was un- 
fairly Obtained ; and being now greatly reduced and impoverished 
by a very unequal proportion of Public Taxes which was Assigned 
us through the Ignorance of our Representative in the year 1781 
And although the Hon. General Court, has for the present Adjusted 
our valuation nearly to an equality with the Other Towns in the 
Country Yet we find ourselves in Absolute need of protection 
and security from Such evils for the future Superior to what we 
are capable of exerting for ourselves And therefore we take the 
Liberty respectfully to Address you on the Subject of a reunion, 
that we may once more be considered as a branch of this 
Metropolis. 

We have long regretted a Seperation which has pi-oved the 
source of such ruinous consequences to us ; And if no consider- 
ation of detriment or Additional Charge should Appear in your 
discernment to Accrue, we can't but hope from the generous and 
public Spirit which has Always distinguished the Inhabitants of 
this Metropolis, that this [274.] Address will be thought worthy 
of your Attention at least so far as to favour us with a conferance 
upon the Subject by a Committee. 

And your Petitioners as in duty bound will ever pray &c. 
PHILIP PAYSON ~] 
SAMUEL SARGENT | Committee in 
JOHN SALE } the Name and 

JOSHUA CHEEVER | behalf of the 
SAMUEL CLARK j Town. 

The foregoing Petition having been read, and debate had 
thereon, it was moved and 

Voted, that the Petition of the Town of Chelsea be referred to a 
Committee to Consider the Same, and that the said Committee be 
directed to Confer with the Committee of the Town of Chelsea on 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1783. 325 

the Subject matter thereof, and to Report as Soon as may be 
also 

Voted, unanimously that 

The Gentelmen the Selectmen be a Committee for the purpose 
aforesaid. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. To consider what allowances 
shall be made the Assessors for their Services the present Year." 
was read whereupon it was moved and 

Voted, that the Selectmen be directed to make such Allowance 
to the Assessors [275.] for their service as they may Judge 
proper ; provided such allowance does not exceed the Sum of six 
Shillings p Day for said Services 

Voted, that all Matters & things which remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be referred over to the next General Town Meeting 
that may be called then to be Acted upon. 

Voted, that the thanks of the Town be given to Thomas Daws 
Esq r . the Moderator for his good Services 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Fanuiel Hall on Fryday the 29 th . Day of 
August Anno Domini 1783 3. O. Clock in the Afternoon 
Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, and the same being 
brought in and sorted, it Appeared that 

Thomas Daws Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator, unanimously 

On a Motion the Petition of a number of a Number of Gentle- 
men, to the Selectmen for calling a Meeting - - - read 

[275 A.] The Article in the Warrant Viz*. To consider 
whether any thing shall be done respecting the Land at Olivers 
Dock laid Waste by the late Fire" was read, whereupon it was 
moved and Voted That a Committee be Appointed to confer 
with the Owners of Land near Olivers Dock made vacant by the 
late Fire, and Report to the Town at the Adjournment, the Terms 
on which the Owners will dispose of their said Lands also 
Voted, that Thomas Daws Esq r . Moderator 
Joseph Barrel Esq. 
Nathaniel Appleton Esq r . 
Nathaniel Balch 
Nathan Frazier Esq r . 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. "To consider what measures 
shall be taken to enforce the good and wholesome Laws respect- 
ing building with Wood " was read whereupon 

Voted, that Hon ble . Robert T. Payne Esq r . 
John Lowel Esq r . 
William Tudor Esq r . 
be a Committee to examine the Laws relative to new Wooden 



326 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Buildings erected, and to Report a Draught of a Law, which may 
be efectual to prevent the evil complained of 

[276. J The Article in the Warrant Viz 1 . "To consider what 
measures shall be taken to enforce the good and wholesome Laws 
for preventing the tiring Small Arms at the bottom of the Common 
on the Neck and else where within the Limits of the Town," was 
read whereupon 

Voted, that the Gentelmeu 

The Selectmen 

be directed, immediately to employ three Persons to see the Laws 
carried into execution for prevention of the dangerous practice 
complained of 

The Committee appointed to confer with the Abuttors on the 
Town Dock, relative lo a compensation for their Claims, Reported 
Verbally That they had not as yet conferred with all the Abut- 
tors so as they can now make a full Report to the Town, but hoped 
they should be able to do it at the Adjournment whereupon 

Moved & Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to make as full 
a Report as may be relative to this matter at the Adjournment of 
this Meeting 

The Article in the Warrant. Viz 1 . "To consider what further 
measures shall be taken for the security of the Town by Night 
was read whereupon 

[276 A.] Voted, that M r . Sam: Whitwell 
John Sweetser Esq r . 
M r . Nath 1 . Balch 
Nath 1 . Appleton Esq r . 
Joseph Barrel Esq r . 
Thomas Daws Esq r . 
M r . Henry Prentice 

be a Committee to consider this Article of the Warrant and Re- 
port at the Adjournment of this Meeting 

The Committee appointed to examine into certain demands the 
Board of War have against the Town for Corn, Arms &c Amount- 
ing to Twenty Six hundred and forty Pounds, laid their Report 
before the Town which Report is to be taken up and consid- 
ered at the Adjournment of this Meeting 

Moved, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Wednesday next 
being the third Day of September, 3. O'Clock in the Afternoon. 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned. 

Wednesday the third Day of September, 3. O'Clock Afternoon 
Met according to Adjournment. 

[277.] The Committee to confer with the Abuttors on the 
Town Dock Reported verbally 

That they had not been able to confer with all the Abuttors, 
Col. John Tyng who is one of them being in the Country Sick ; 
but that the amount of the Sums required for compensation so far 
as they had gone, exclusive of M r . Tyngs part, amounting to 
upwards of fifteen hundred Pounds, Appeared to them a Sum so 
large, that they were led to the Opinion, that it was not worth 
while for the Committee to proceed any further in the business of 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1783. 327 

Conference, without the Town should require it of them After 
some debate, it was moved 

That the Selectmen be impowered to confer with all or the 
Major part of the Abuttors on the Town Dock, or such as Shall 
legally represent them, and make them the proposal of submitting 
to the Arbitration and Award of three Persons to be mutually 
chosen and Agreed on by the Town and the said Abuttors, who 
shall have full Power finally to determine the Right, Title, 
Privilege and Claim of the said Abuttors to the Town Dock as 
filled up, and to determine and agree upon such Sum or Sums of 
Money as they shall think an Adequate Compensation to the said 
Abuttors for the filling up said Dock, if they have an3' Title or 
Privilege thereto ; and that the Selectmen be fully impowered to 
nominate and Agree upon said Arbitrators in behalf of the Town 
[278.] and to enter into any Bonds and Covenants for the faith- 
ful performance of the Awarvl of said Arbitrators and the 
Question being accordingly put It passed in the Affirmative 

The Committee Appointed to confer with the Owners of Land 
near Olivers Dock made vacant by the late Fire Reported 
verbally 

That they had met several times on the business, and conferred 
with the Owners of the Land where the Buildings were consumed, 
as also the Abuttors on Land on the some square that M r . 
Phillips and some others, were willing to dispose of their Lands 
and Buildings provided the Other Owners and Abuttors were dis- 
posed to part with what might be sufficient to Answer the inten- 
tion of the Town, the purchase of all which would amount to 
about five or Six Thousand Pounds whereupon, it was moved 
and 

Voted, that the Committee, be desired to proceed in the business 
and Report at the next Town Meeting in Writing and that the 
Selectmen insert in the Warrant for calling said Meeting a Clause 
for taking up said Report. 

[279o] The Committee appointed to consider what further 
measures shall be taken for the security of the Town by Night 
Reported verbally That there be an Additional Watch of eight 
Men, which they term a patroling Watch, to be partly made up 
from the other Watch, and to have an Additional pay Also with 
respect to the Lamps being again lighted up in the Town, if the 
Town should think it expedient It was then moved, and 

Voted, that the Committee aforesaid be desired to Report their 
Opinion in Writing at the next Town Meeting which may be 
called, and that a Clause for taking up the Report be inserted in 
the Warrant for said Meeting. 

The Committee relative to ascertaining the demands of the 
Board of War on the Town Report as follows. Viz'. 

The Committee appointed to examine into certain demands the 
Board of War have against the Town for Corn Arms &c Amount- 
ing to 2640. 0. Specie, have Attended that business and 
Report 

That the seven hundred bushels of Corn charged 158. 19. 1 
has been paid by William Phillips Esq r . 



328 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

The one Hundred forty eight Armes and Accoutrements 
charged delivered Col. Proctor, he informed the Committee he 
would do his best [79A] endeavour to collect and return agree- 
able to the Condition of the Resolve of Court 

The Ninety Cartouch Boxes and Ninety Bayonet Belts charged 
delivered Col. Crafts he informed the Committee he did not recol- 
lect receiving, but if he had them they were for the use of the 
Militia, and were not returned to him 

The thirty one Fire Arms and Bayonets charged delivered Col: 
Hatch, the Committee are informed were for men inlisted for the 
Town into the Continental Army, which Men were detained in 
Town sometime for want of Arms, at great expence and hazard of 
desertion, that he took this method of procuring Arms for them, 
as the only expedient to get them to the Army, and to save the 
Town great charge 

The Town will be informed by the Gentelmen Selectmen con- 
cerning the twenty hundred weight of Lead charged delivered John 
Scollay Esq r . as also concerning the Arms delivered to General 
Gages order before the Seige, that were Afterwards taken & 
repaired by the State, 

All the Other Articles charged against the Town, it appears by 
a sketch of the Account taken from the Books of the late Board of 
[279B] War (which is hereto annexed) were for the use of the 
States Hospital 

ISAAC PHILLIPS p Order 

The foregoing Report having been read it was moved, and 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to make enquiry respecting 
the Articles mentioned in the foregoing Report as being wanting 
as also to call upon the Colonel and the Captains of the Militia of 
the Boston Regiment to Account for the small Arms delivered to 
them, in order for a Settlement of the Account with the Com- 
mon wealth 

Moved, and Voted, that all matters and Things which remain 
unfinished at this Meeting, be and hereby are referred over to the 
next General Town Meeting that may be called then to be acted 
upon 

Moved, and Voted, that the thanks of the Town be and 
hereby are given to Thomas Daws Esq r . for his good Services as 
Moderator of this Meeting 

Moved that this Meeting be now dissolved 

And the Meeting was accordingly 
dissolved 



[28O.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & Other Inhab- 
itants of The Town of Boston duly qualified and legally warned in 
publick Town Meeting Assembled at Fanuiel Hall on Monday the 
8 th . Day of December Anno Domini 1783 3. O Clock in the 
Afternoon. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

It was moved and Voted that the Moderator be chosen by a 
Hand Vote 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1783. H29 

The Hon ble . James Sullivan Esq r . was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting and took his Seat accordingly. 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. To choose two or more suit- 
able Persons to be Viewers, and Cullers of Staves and Hoops," 
was taken into consideration whereupon. 

It was moved and Voted, that Six Persons be chosen Surveyors 
and Cullers of Staves and Hoops also. 

Voted, that these Persons be not chosen by a Hand Vote, but by 
Ballot 

[281.] The Votes being accordingly brought in and sorted it 
appeared, that 

Cap'. John Newell 
Cap'. Man assah Masters 
M r . William Marsters 
M r . Daniel Bell 
M r . Arthur Langford 
M r . John M c Elroy 
were chosen Cullers of Staves &c for the remainder of the year 

The Article in the Warrant Viz*. "To consider whether the 
Hay Market shall be removed to a Place more convenient for the 
Business " whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to carry the Report of 
the Committee relative to Land on Olivers Dock made vacant 
by the late Fire, into execution, so far as relates to removing the 
Engine for weighing Hay, near the School House by the Common. 

The Committee appointed to confer with the Owners of the 
Land near Olivers Dock made Vacant by the late Fire, having 
attended the Business, take leave to Report 

That as some of the Owners of said Land are unwilling to dis- 
pose of the same, and the great Expence that will attend the pur- 
chasing from Others so much as will be necessary to Answer the 
intention of the Town [282.] it is not expedient for the Town 
to take any further steps relative to the said Place more especially 
as the Committee conceive the Town may be much better ac- 
commodated near the School House by the Common on their own 
Land, and by removing the Engine for weighing the Hay to that 
Place it will naturally become the Market Place -for that Article, 
and by being more in the Center of the Town will better Accom- 
modate the Inhabitants, all which is Submitted 

THOMAS DAWS p Order 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered the 
Question was put Viz'. Whether the same shall be accepted 
Passed in the Affirmative 

The Committee appointed to consider what further Measures 
shall be taken for the security of the Town by Night having 
attended the Business, take leave to Report Whereas it appears 

That there are four Watch Houses kept up in the Town, to 
each of which are Appointed one Constable at eleven Dollars per 
Month, and five Watchmen at eight Dollars p Month, each amount- 
ing in the whole to Seven hundred thirty four Pounds [283.] 



330 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

eight Shillings p Annum exclusive of Fewell and Candles, and the 
Advantage arising from the said Watches appear to be no ways 
equal to the Expence. 

It is therefore presumed that a different disposition of the 
Watch, will tend much more for the Safety and Security of the 
Town by Night than the present. 

If each of the present Watch Houses were reduced to four, 
and the eight taken from them to form another Watch, to be kept 
near the State House and this Watch to have an addition of one 
Shilling p Night to what the Others have to induce Persons suita- 
ble for the business to engage and they to be a patrolling Watch 
to inspect the Others &c. 

As the Gentelmen the Selectmen will direct it is supposed the 
Town may reap such advantages from this Alteration, as will 
compinsate for the additional Expence. 

And the Committee also Report, that the lighting the Town as 
formerly will further Add to its security upon enquiring they 
find one hundred and twenty Lamps left in the upper Chamber 
[284:.] of the Hall, and from the best intellegence suppose that 
about eighty are out in the Town, on this presumption One 
hundred more Lamps will make up the Number that was originally 
kept up for lighting the Town 

The greatest part of the Posts and Irons are in their Places 
The former Expencies of the Lamp Lighters & Master amounted 
to 155. 4. 0. and the Oyl and Wick about 300. 0. more p 
Annum All which is Submitted. 

THOMAS DAws p order 

The foregoing Report having been read and considered where- 
upon 

It was moved and Voted, that so much of said Report as 
respects a Patrolling Watch be accepted and that the Select- 
men be and hereby are appointed a Committee to carry the same 
into execution as soon as may be. 

A further debate arose respecting that part of the Report which 
respects, the Lamps and lighting the town, whereupon it was 
moved that a Committee be now Appointed to Collect all the 
Lamps [285.] which are in Town and others belonging to the 
Town, and that they devise ways and means for the immediate 
lighting the Town and make Report at the Adjournment of this 
Meeting also 

Voted, that Thoma^ Daws Esq r . 
John Sweetser 
William Whitwell 
M r . Nath 1 . Balch 
Nath 1 . Appleton Esq r . 
Joseph Barrel Esq r . 
M r . Henry Prentice 
be a Committee for the purpose aforesaid 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. 

To receive the Report of the Committee relative to market 
Square " was read but one of said Committee being in the 
Meeting acquainted the Town that they were not yet ready to 
make Report whereupon it was moved and 



BOSTOX TOWN RECORDS, 1783. 331 

Voted, that the Gentelmen who Represent the Town in the 
General Court of this Commonwealth be and hereby are Instructed 
to use their endeavors in the General Court that a [286.] Law 
may be obtained to prevent or remove Incumbrances on the 
Market Square, Simular to the Draught of a By Law lately pre- 
sented the Court of Sessions for that purpose which was not ob- 
tained as they apprehend, that only the General Court could pass 
such a Law 

The Article in the Warrant Viz 4 . 

" That the Town will come into some Measures for the regulat- 
ing the tolling of the Bells for Funerals " was read it was then 
moved, and 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to take this Article 
into consideration ; as also what may be necessary for regulating 
the Expencies of Burials ; and to make Report at the Adjourn- 
ment of this Meeting. 

The Committee appointed to examine and Report what they 
Judge may be still due to the late Treasurer David Jeffries E)sq r . 
for his servicies as Treasurer of the Town Report as follows 
Viz 4 . 

The Committee appointed by a Vote of the Town of July 3 d . 
1783 to take into consideration what is still due to David Jeff- 
ries Esq r . late Town Treasurer for his Services in that Office & 
report to the Town have attended that service and beg leave to 
make the following Report. 

[287.] That they have carefully examined the Selectmcns 
drafts from the year 1774 to the pi'esent day in order to Ascertain 
what he has received from the Town in those Years & they find 
that he has not had any drafts for his Salary for the years 1775. 
1778 & 1781. They have also carefully examined the Sums he 
has received in paper Monev in the other years in order to dis- 
cover how near it came in Value to the Salary in solid Money 
which we suppose he was entitled to. We herewith annex a State 
of his Account to March 1782. the time he resigned, wherein will 
be seen the Allowances we have made him for those Years And 
as we find the Business of the Treasurer was greatly increased in 
the Years 1779. 1780. & 1781. owing to the ,dcpreciated paper 
currency & the price of all the necessarys of Life so excessive high 
in 1780 & 1781 Your Committee are of Opinion he is Justly en- 
titled to the severall allowances we have made him, Whereby it 
will appear that there is a ballance due to him from the Town of 
Eight hundred & Eleven pounds fifteen shillings & 4 d . Specie, 
which your Committee are of Opinion ought to be on Interest till 
it is discharged all which is submitted THOMAS WALLET 
811. 15. 4. p Order of the Committee 

iioston Dec r . 6. 1783 

[288.] The foregoing Report having been read it was 
moved and Voted that the consideration thereof be Referred to 
next March Meeting. 

It was Moved that when this Meeting is Adjourned it shall be 
to Thursday the 18 th . Day of December Ins'. 3. O Clock in the 
Afternoon. 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned. 



332 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

Thursday the 18 th . Day of December met according to Adjourn- 
ment. 

The Hon ble . James Sullivan Esq r . the Moderator of this Meet- 
ing having excused himself from attending this Afternoon It 
was moved that the Towa now come to the choice of a Moderator 
Pro Tern . 

Voted, that a Moderator Pro Tern : be chosen by a Hand 
Vote 

Perez Morton Esq r . 
was chosen Moderator Pro Tern , and took the Seat accordingly. 

The Committee appointed to Collect the Lamps belonging to 
the Town, and also to devise ways and means for the speedy 
[289.] lighting the same, not having Reported in writing, it 
was moved and carried that the Consideration of this Matter be 
passed over for the present 

The Committee appointed to carry the Resolution of the Town 
into execution with respect to appointing a patrolling Watch, 
being called upon to know whether the Same had been effected, 
acquainted the Town, that not having been able to Obtain a 
suitable place for a Watch House, they should postpone the ap- 
pointing said Watch, but hoped soon to be able to answer the in- 
tention of the Town relative to said Watch 

The Committee appointed to consider of some measures for 
regulating the Expencies at Funerals, and Tolling the Bells on 
such occasion Reported to the Town in writing on those Mat- 
ters but as what related to the regulation of Funerals was Ob- 
jected to, as not being inserted in the Warrant for calling the 
Meeting ; the Town attended chiefly to that part of the Report, 
relative to the tolling of Bells at Funerals, and after considerable 
debate and arguments thereon the Town came into the following 
Resolution Viz 1 . 

Voted, that in future there be only one Bell tolled at each 
Funeral ; and that the Bell of the Parish to which the Deceased 
belonged [29O.] Or the Bell of the Parish nearest to the Habi- 
tation where the Deceased Dwelled at the Election of the Relations 
of the Deceased. 

That in tolling the Bells for such Funerals, not more than two 
Strokes of a Bell be given in one Minute. 

The Committee for collecting the Lamps belonging to the Town, 
and for divising ways and means for the immediate lighting the 
Town, not being ready to make Report. 

It was Moved and Voted that 

Col. Tudor 

be added to the Committee ; who are desired to set forthwith, and 
Report to the Town at the Adjournment the ways and means for 
carrying said intention of the Town into immediate execution. 

It was moved that when this Meeting is Adjourned, it shall be 
to Wednesday the Twenty fourth Day of December Instant 3. 
O'Clock in the Afternoon. 

And the Meeting was accordingly Adjourned to said Time then 
to Meet in this Place. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1783. 333 

Wednesday the 24 Day of December 3. O Clock: Afternoon 
Met according to Adjournment 

[291.] The Hon blc . James Sullivan the Moderator and Perez 
Moreton Esq r . Moderator Pro. Tern , not being able to give their 
Attendance, it was moved and Voted, to come to the choice of 
another Moderator Pro Tern , in order to regulate the Meeting 
and that this choice be by a hand Vote. 

Ezekiel Price Esq r . 
was accordingly chosen Moderator Pro. Tern . 

The Committee Appointed to Collect the Lamps &c take leave 
to Report. 

That it was the Intention of the Town to have Lamps lighted 
as heretofore if a sufficient number could be Obtained for the pur- 
pose. And that a Committee would attend at Fanuiel Hall on 
Tuesday the 23 d . Instant from eleven to one of the Clock before- 
noon at which time & place the Inhabitants who had any Lamps in 
their Possession were desired to send in their Names & Place of 
Abode to the said Committee in order that the number of Lamps 
belonging to the Town or otherways might be known and also it' 
any Person had any to dispose of they were requested to Give 
in their Names with the Number they have on Hand that a satis- 
factory report might be made at the Adjournment " The Commit- 
tee Attended the [292.] Business & would Inform the Town 
that no Person Attended in consequence of the aforesaid Notifica- 
tion. 

They also desired a Gentelman at Salem to make Enquiry of the 
Lamps that are reported to be in that Town from whom they have 
not heard. 

The Committee would further report that the Selectmen be re- 
quested to employ some Suitable Person as soon as may be, to take 
an Account of the Irons & Posts that was provided in the year 1774 
now standing & what the deficiency is, to asurtain this the Com- 
mittee will furnish him a list of them. An Enquirey may be also 
made if there is any Lamps in the Houses where the Irons are or 
in the Neighborhood of them And if a sufficient number of Lamps 
can in any ways be Obtained. That then the Selectmen be requested 
to Employ a Master & Lamp Lighters as before in this Business and 
make the necessary repairs & provide such Articles as may be 
wanted. 

And that a Tax of Six hundred pounds be Assessed as soon as 
possible on the Inhabitants for the purpose of carrying [293.] 
This plan into Execution to be called the Lamp Tax this Tax will 
be about one sixtieth part of the last Tax. And it is supposed if 
made with nearly the same Materials may be soon done and the 
Meeting of it be not difficult, a person who pay'd sixty Dollars in 
the last Tax will p*ay about one in this The Disposition of the 
Inhabitants with regard to lighting the Lamps will be soon known 
by the Collection of the said Tax. 

But if it is found inexpedient for such a Tax to be immediately 
Assessed Then the Town Treasurer may be directed to borrow 
a sufficient Sum for the said purpose, which Sum so borrowed shall 



334 CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 

be repaid out of the first Moneys collected from the next Tax 
Assessed on the Town. 

All which is Submitted 

TIIO" . DA WES p Order 

The aforegoing Report having been read, and considered the 
Town came into the following Votes. Viz 1 . 

Voted, that the Sum of Six hundred Pounds be raised by a Tax 
on the Polls and Rateable Estates of the Inhabitants of this Town, 
for the purpose of procuring such Lamps as may be wanted [294.] 
with their Materials, and to defrey the Expences which may be 
necessary for the lighting the Lamps ; and that said Sum be Added 
to the next Tax that shall be issued in a Seperate Coll u in. 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to draught a Subscription 
Paper and deliver the same into the Hands of the four Collectors 
of Taxes who are hereby directed to apply to the Inhabitants 
forthwith, to obtain by way of Subscription a Sum of Money not 
exceeding Six hundred Pounds for the purpose of purchasing 
Lamps and the Materials and lighting the Same, and pay the 
Money into the Town Treasury as soon as received for which Sum 
the Treasurer is hereby impowered and directed to give said Sub- 
scribers a Recept, to be deducted out of their Next Town Tax. 

On a Motion Voted, that the Treasurer be directed to acquaint 
the Severall Collectors of Taxes that such Collectors as shall be 
Delinquent with respect to paying in their Tax on the first of Feb- 
ruary next, his Executions will be then Issued against such Collector. 

Voted, that all Matters and things [295.] which remain un- 
finished at this Meeting be referred to the next General Town 
Meeting then to be Acted upon. 

Thanks Voted to the Moderator. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



Adams, 2, 14, 52, 62, 65, 70, 75, 83, 86, 87, 89, 
90, 91, 97, 99, 100, 107, 115, 125, 136, 
137, 138, 150, 151, 171, 184, 185, 193, 
198, 200, 211, 212, 217, 220, 221, 224, 
226, 235, 241, 243, 244, 245, 248,253, 
254, 255, 256, 258, 261, 270, 271, 275, 
277, 292, 305, 306, 307, 308, 310, 315. 

Alexander, 301. 

Allen, 53, 60. 

Ainory, 92, 184, 185, 190, 229, 299. 

Andrews, 5, 114, 115, 236, 267. 

Appleton, 8,20, 22,28,37,40,64, 73,81,83,98, 
123, 125, 127, 142, 143, 144, 145, 
147, 153, 155, 163, 164, 165, 167, 
180, 208, 209, 212, 220, 222, 231, 
266, 287, 290, 294, 304, 308, 309, 
311, 325, 326, 330. 

Arnold, 229. 

Atkins, 36, 161, 190, 266. 

Austin, 1, 2, 3, 40, 49, 63, 65, 67, 71, 98, 114, 
137, 151, 152, 156, 201, 203, 204, 245, 
258, 308. 

Avery, 15, 33, 34, 87, 124, 194, 245, 308. 

Avis, 175, 185. 

Aynes, 296. 

Ayres, 5, 51, 229, 296. 

Babcock, 271. 

Baker, 52, 54, 73, 92, 191, 230. 

Balch, 325, 326, 330. 

Bales, 94. 

Baley, 6, 11. 

Ballard, 4, 5, 6, 36, 40, 45, 46, 47, 48, 50, 51, 
70, 73, 77, 84, 88, 90, 95, 97, 99, 102, 
110, 136, 143, 149, 162, 174, 183, 186, 
187, 188, 190, 191, 228, 229, 232, 242, 
266, 295, 300. 

Bangs, 5, 51, 111, 175, 229, 296. 

Bant, 4, 13, 39. 

Barber, 2, 4, 36, 48, 49, 78, 92, 93, 97, 109, 116, 
136, 143, 162, 173, 183,187,190, 225, 
228, 230, 236, 297, 300. 

Barnard, 51,92. 

Barrel, 2, 9, 12, 15, 16, 20, 22, 24, 54, 55, 56, 
58, 59, 63, 69, 70, 73, 84, 88, 92, 120, 
142, 148, 151, 166, 176, 177. 180, 184, 
191, 197, 199, 202, 212, 233, 238, 243, 
285, 301, 311, 319, 325, 326, 330. 

Barrcll, 162, 185, 199, 256, 267, 294, 295, 299, 
300, 304. 

Barret, 3, 4, 8, 21, 31, 37, 39, 40, 50, 69, 70, 74, 
7(5, 84, 92, 93, 110, 113, 114, 117, 119, 
123, 144, 162, 167, 171, 173, 176, 190, 
209, 210, 217, 220, 227, 236, 243, 252, 
257, 277, 278, 292, 308. 

Barrett, 21, 54, 63, 78, 152, 156, 167, 267. 

Bartlett, 324. 

Bass, 46, 143, 230, 235, 236. 

Baxter, 5, 188. 

Bayley,96, 111, 174, 186, 191, 200, 240, 249, 
263, 264, 268, 297, 316. 

Beal, 198, 203. 

Belcher, 49, 97, 160, 162, 236. 

Belknap, 11, 95, 125, 181, 186, 190, 266. 

Bell, 27, 36, 51, 111, 118, 168, 174, 209, 210, 
2-29, 230, 236, 296, 329. 

Bennet, 51, 53. 

Bent, 191, 299. 



Bentley, 71. 

Bently, 25, 31, 35, 103. 

Bernard, 5, 111. 

Bigelow, 53, 120. 

Biggelow, 92, 118, 228. 

Bird, 51, 175, 229. 

Blaisdel, 5, 51, 111, 174, 232. 

Blaisdill, 296. 

Blake, 51. 

Blanchard, 60. 

Boardman, 266. 

Bond, 177. 

Bowdoin, 40, 83, 89, 95, 150, 151, 245, 255, 
256, 257, 307. 

Bowes, 3, 18, 50, 69, 102, 106, 110, 173, 227, 292. 

Boyce, 109. 

Boyer, 21, 30, 227, 230, 234, 235, 250, 252, 256, 
294, 300, 312, 315,316, 321. 

Boyls, 109, 143. 

Bradford, 92, 181, 183, 217, 222. 

Bradley, 5, 6, 51, 52. 

Bradshaw, 92. 

Brailsford, 89. 

Breck, 39, 60, 88,115, 154. 

Brewer, 118, 120, 128. 

Brewster, 54. 

Brick, 58, 64, 91, 109,114, 118, 122, 140, 153, 
165, 168, 285, 296, 301. 

Bridghara, 166. 

Bright, 54. 

Brimer, 255. 

Brimmer, 11, 12, 16, 59, 98,114, 140, 162, 168, 
177, 197, 202, 230, 256, 299. 

Broders, 309. 

Bronafield, 20. 

Broom, 142, 151, 154, 255, 256, 270, 271, 280. 

Brown, 6, 12, 14, 33, 36, 37, 40, 45, 47, 53, 54, 
58, 71, 88, 90,91,92,93,95,97,111, 
114, 115, 117, 118, 120, 158, 159, 163 
170,171, 1(2,175,176, 183, 192,196, 
197, 220, 224, 225, 226, 229, 231, 233, 
235, 241, 266, 296, 299. 

Bruce, 91, 168. 

Bryant, 92, 118, 120. 

Bulfinch, 51, 110, 178, 229. 

Bullard, 11. 

Bumstead, 173, 296. 

Bumsted, 230. 

Burd, 296. 

Barrel, 113, 175. 

Burt, 235. 

Butler, 5, 51, 110, 174, 229. 

Butterfield, 242, 293. 

Bnttler, 295. 

Byles, 5, 10, 189, 203, 232. 

Cable, 92, 

Cade, 111, 296, 305. 

Call, 92. 

Callender, 4, 190, 267. 

Campbell, 6. 

Cane, 46. 

Carnes, 5, 10, 51, 60, 110, 113, 174, 229, 299. 

Cams, U2. 

Carrew, 177. 

Carter, 25, 31, 58, 71, 103, 198, 223-, 228, 234, 

286, 320. 
Champney, 5, 51, 111, 173, 174, 295. 



336 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 



Chase, 82. 

Cheever, 324. 

Child, 111. 

Clark, 5, 49, 53, 92, 97, 100, 101, 143, 173,177, 
184, 185, 187, 190, 193, 23, 268, 269, 
308, 309, 324. 

Clarke, 89, 186. 

Cleverly, 6. 

Clough, 51, 52, 60, 74, 111, 113, 175, 192, 229, 
296, 305. 

Cobbet, 5. 

Cobbit, 186, 188. 

Codman, 113, 267. 

Coggshell, 6. 

Cogswell, 74, 113, 143, 175, 186, 187, 230, 296. 

Collins, 11, 51, 136, 178, 229, 295. 

Collie, 270. 

Colman, 228. 

Colson, 5, 37, 40, 47, 51, 89, 100, 111, 123, 128, 
175, 191, 230, 296. 

Couant, 50, 228. 

Conday, 116. 

Condy', 12, 89. 

Conent, 128, 262. 

Conner, 242, 293, 306. 

Cook, 52, 92, 93, 118, 120, 143, 175, 204. 

Coolidge, 54, 92, 113, 267. 

Cooper, 2, 3, 4, 28, 34, 37, 40, 48, 49, 50, 64, 
79, 80, 107, 108, 109, 115, 125, 129, 
148, 155, 158, 159, 172, 173, 219, 225, 
226, 228, 275, 290, 292, 293, B22. 

Copeland, 89, 230, 296. 

Corbit, 52, 111. 

Cotta, 111. 

Cowell, 5. 

Crafts, 4, 5, 15, 19, 36, 75, 76, 77, 78, 95, 100, 
102, 104, 106, 249, 328. 

Cranch, 151, 308. 

Crane, HI, 229. 

Crocker, 54. 

Croswell, 198, 223, 234. 

Cruft, 190, 192. 

Cudworth, 7, 59, 117, 118, 122, 240. 

Cumberfoot, 6. 

Curies, 92. 

Curtis. 52, 89, 109, 111, 175, 230, 296, 310. 

Cushing, 20, 21, 22, 29, 31, 101, 113; 124, 150, 
151, 193, 245, 307. 

Ball, 71. 
Danforth, 15. 
Daniels, 51, 111, 175, 229. 
Davenport, 198. 
Daverson, 53. 
Davidson, 123. 

Davis, 4, 16, 18, 26, 32, 34, 37, 39, 49, 50, 53, 
54, 55, 56, 62, 65, 70, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 
87, 88, 89, 92, 93, 100, 109, 110, 115, 
136, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 156, 161, 
165, 167, 168, 173, 177, 184, 193, 196, 
217, 220, 221, 223, 2:28, 230, 231, 233, 
234, 238, 239, 240, 245, 266, 271, 286, 
293, 308, 309, 320, 321. 

Dawes, 52, 56, 65, 75, 76, 78, 114, 156, 165, 
167, 171, 180, 183, 187, 208, 236, 246, 
300,311,317,323,334. 

Daws, 7, 8, 11, 15, 16, 21, 24, 62, 67, 68, 69, 
83, 99, 113, 114, 125, 136, 148, 151, 
152, 153, 161, 162, 166, 170, 171, 196, 
209, 210, 211, 221, 222, 226, 237, 238, 
241, 247, 266, 280, 294, 295, 304, 308, 
309, 310, 311, 312, 315, 322, 325. 326, 
328, 329, 330. 
Dellaway, 111,174, 296. 
Deming, 151, 299. 
Dennie, 91, 151,164. 
Dennison, 71. 
Devens, 28, 89, 155. 
Dexter, 308, 324. 
Dinsdel, 113, 239. 
Dinsdell, 175, 232. 
Doak, 191. 
Doake, 188. 
Doan, 113. 



Dogget, 6. 

Dorr, 3, 4, 8, 16, 34, 37, 40, 49, 88, 89, 107, 108, 

112, 120, 154, 168, 169, 171, 172, 183, 

187, 227, 232, 236, 292. 
Downe, 185. 
Dowse, 46. 
Dyer, 4, 5, 6, 51, 52, 53, 111, 117, 120, 175, 185. 

229, 237, 290. 

Eckert, 111. 

Eckley, 172, 307. 

Edes, 7, 36, 37, 40, 45, 47, 52, 88, 89, 90, 95, 

100, 118, 123, 151, 173, 186, 187, 266, 

296, 297. 

Edwards, 109, 266. 
Elect, 102, 190. 
Eliot, 50, 74, 131, 135, 148, 173, 184, 185, 235, 

266, 292, 311. 
Elliot, 294, 304. 
Ellison, 5. 
Eustis, 5, 113. 
Everet, 77. 

Fairservice, 44. 

Fallas; 89, 316. 

Fallass, 175, 186, 187, 264, 267, 316. 

Farmer, 231, 239. 

Farnam, 111. 

Farrington, 109, 165. 

Fellows, 3, 4, 7, 39, 40, 49, 50, 54, 55, 62, 74, 
78, 79, 80, 91, 92, 108, 110, 158, 
159, 160, 162, 170, 172, 174, 176, 
227, 228, 267, 292, 293, 294, 298. 

Fenno, 73, 111, 113, 174, 229, 296. 

Fisher, 151, 193, 245, 308. 

Fleet, 6, 233, 298. 

Flood, 36. 

Ford, 50, 92. 

Fosdick.177. 

Foster, 6, 37, 39, 45, 53, 64, 7.",, 93, 122, 185, 
229. 

Fowle, 235. 

Fraizer, 95. 

Frazier, 4, 8, 11, 24, 40, 49, 98, 102, 108, 136, 
142, 143, 145, 162, 171, 172, ISO, 192, 
199, 225, 227, 228, 258, 262, 265.267, 
269, 270, 292, 293, 298, 325. 

Freeland, 111. 

Freeman, 91. 

Frobisher, 118. 

Fullerton, 59, 12:;. 

Gage, 328. ' 

Gammel, 180. 

Gardner, 15, 37, 151, 181, 189, 195, 230. 

Gates, 39, 42, 43, 44. 

Gedney, 53, 192. 

Gerry, 307. 

Geyer, 2-12, 297. 

Gidney, 6. 

Gooch, 18, 75, 177. 

Gore, 173, 184, 296. 

Gorham, 101. 

Gould, 299. 

Grant, 4, 13, 40, 47, 59, 89, 162, 232, 241, 290. 

Gray, 1, 2, 6, 15, 18, 28, 37, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 
56, 63, 64, 68, 70, 73, 83, 89, 93, 95, 98, 
102, 106, 107, 113, 114, 115, 119,123, 
127, 129, 136, 137, 138, 145, 149, 151, 
154, 155, 156, 158, 159, 160, 162, 163, 
164, 171, 176, 177, 180, 184, 1,85, 193, 
232, 239, 240. 

Greanleaff, 150. 

Green, 4, 5, 6, 7, 52, 53, 73, 92, 100, 111, 113, 
123, 151, 175, 178, 229, 230, 233, 236, 
291, 296, 297, 299. 

Greene, 228. 

Greenleaf, 34, 49, 60, 108, 189, 195, 266, 306, 
310, 320. 

Greenleaff, 1, 2, 3, 12, 189, 315. 

Greenough, 3, 4, 12, 49, 161, 298. 

Grenough, 40. 

Griffis, 204. 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



337 



Haley, 5. 

Hall, 11, 12, 36, 92, 190, 191, 266. 

Hamlin, 12, 52, 175, 230, 296, 299. 

Haraling, 111. 

Haromat, 52. 

Hancock, 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 13, 16, 18,19,20,27, 
28, 29, 31, 3-J, 47, 48, 49, 50, 52, 58, 
59, 62, 63, 64, 65, 70, 72, 73, 74, 82, 
83, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 110, 112, 
116, 136, 137, 138, 145, 146, 150, 155, 
158, 159, 171, 173, 174, 193, 220, 221, 
222, 225, 228, 231 , 243, 245, 263, 271, 
290, 307, 322. 

Hancok, 297. 

Harris, 6, 53, 60, 117, 185, 187. 

Hart, 46. 

Hatch, 16, 17, 18, 19, 59, 76. 77, 96, 110, 174, 
228, 249, 251, 293, 328. 

Hayden, 111, 175, 188, 229, 296, 301. 

Hayley, 111, 230. 

Hay ward, 11. 

Head, 228. 

Heath, 16, 69, 150. 

Henderson, 7, 8, 12, 28, 240. 

Hendley, 87, 92, 164. 

Hendly, 39. 

Henley, 87, 95. 

Hewes, 3, 187, 188. 

Hews, 50, 77, 102, 186, 189, 192. 

Heyley, 51, 175. 

Higgerson, 73. 

Higginson, 64, 70, 87, 88, 98, 99, 100, 115, 140, 
142, 153, 154, 155, 162, 163, 165, 
168, 169, 176, 180, 192, 196, 199, 
205, 206, 212, 217, 220, 246, 247, 
252, 254, 271. 

Hill, 75, 92, 100, 104, 266. 

Hinckley, 36. 

Hinkley, 113. 

Hitchborne, 104. 

Hitchbourn, 277,285. 

Hitchbourne, 221. 

HHchburne, 7, 11, 52, 64, 74, 88, 190, 250, 266, 
296. 

Hodgden, 162, 163, 220. 

Hod gen, 236. 

Hodgsdon, 238. 

Hodsdon, 202. 

Hodson, 141. 

Holbrook, 25, 31, 57, 71, 103, 123, 124. 

Holeyday, 263. 

Holland, 173, 239. 

Holleyday, 263. 

Hollyday, 240, 242, 243, 263. 

Homans, 123. 

Hoskins, 79, 80, 88, 90, 92, 95, 118. 

Houghton, 92, 118, 120. 

How, 295. 

Howard, 51, 111, 115, 152, 174, 229, 244, 296. 

Hubbard, 39, 45, 92, 110, 153, 159, 171, 172, 
290, 292. 

Hunnewell, 47. 

Hunt, 25, 31, 35, 71, 102, 103, 104, 147, 191, 
197, 220, 223, 233, 286, 293, 320. 

Hurd, 101. 

Hyslop,299. 

Inches, 4, 8, 16, 39, 64. 
Ingersol, 50. 

Jackson, 113, 150. 

Jarvis, 73, 76, 77, 79, 80, 83, 88, 89, 90, 93, 95, 
98, 100, 138, 142, 144, 154, 161, 162, 
163, 176, 180, 193, 196, 228, 246, 247, 
254, 271, 277, 285, 294, 295, 304, 310, 
311. 

Jeffries, 4, 7, 14, 18, 25, 26, 27, 51, 53, 54, 55, 
65, 68, 105, 112, 114, 146, 147, 149, 
158, 159, 174, 177, 202, 208, 210, 227, 
234, 240, 250, 256, 287, 298, 321,331. 

Jenkins, 50, 51, 297. 

Jepson, 11, 14, 53, 123, 236. 

Johnson, 33, 236. 

Johonnot, 32, 33, 34, 92, 144. 



Johonnott, 33. 

Johonott, 33. 

Jones, 74, 168, 188, 191, 230, 239, 256, 260, 266, 

293, 299. 
Jonsey, 92. 
Joy, il. 

Kemp, 299, 305. 

Kennedy, 40, 47, 59, 60, 88, 123, 230, 293, 296. 

Kent, 14, 277, 279, 287, 280, 31o. 

Ketchum, 92. 

Ketchup, 92. 

Kettle, 50, 231. 

King, 92. 

Kirkwood, 232, 233. 

Kitchen, 93. 

Knap, 118,120. 

Kneeland, 48, 88, 91, 92, 95, 104, 105, 107, 143, 

162, 185, 233, 298. 
Knox, .~>4, 71. 

LaFayette, 217, 218. 

Lambert, 5, 6, 36, 53, 58, 74, 113, 174, 175, 230. 

Langdon, 162, 236. 

Langford, 329. 

Langley, 230, 297. 

Larkin, 92, 185. 

Larking, 190, 266. 

Law, 55, 92, 

Leaverett, 60. 

Lincoln, 245, 307. 

Livingston, 28. 

Loring, 18, 136, 184, 229, 230, 236, 296. 

Lotherop, 115, 150. 

Lothrop, 246. 

Love, 93. 

Lovel, 113, 246, 257, 308, 310. 

Lovell, 246, 247, 256. 

Lovering, 37, 40, 4i, 47, 89. 

Lowder, 6, 117, 185, 233, 298. 

Lows!, 128, 308, 311, 321, 325. 

Lowell, 4, 12, 18, 48, 49, 50, 53, 54, 58, 59, 60, 
63, 64, 67, 83, 102, 103, 106, 107, 108, 
109, 110, 114, 115, 119, 127, 129, 136, 
143, 150, 151, 152,156, 160, 161, 164, 
171, 174, 176, 178, 193, 196, 208, 209, 
220, 221, 222, 228, 230, 236, 245, 246, 
247, 271, 293, 299, 316, 319. 

Lucas, 6, 39, 50, 52, 89, 91, 109, 112, 113, 114, 
128, 154, 162, 163, 178, 183, 187, 212, 
220, 222, 224, 225, 231, 236, 238, 256, 
267, 285, 297, 300. 

Mackay, 84, S5, 97, 108, 143, 170, 172, 184, 

185, 226, 227, 232. 
Mackey, 85, 162, 197, 236. 
Macky, 292. 
Magner, 232,239, 240. 
Marsh, 186, 187. 
Marshall, 191. 
Marsters, 329. 
Marston, 12, 59. 
Martin, 78. 
Mason, 3, 50, 56, 92, 106, 107, 109, 110, 113, 

117, 124, 171,173, 199, 212, 227,228, 

oog 292 

Masters, 5, 52, 111, 175, 230, 296, 329. 

Matchet, 93, 96. 

Mather, 61. 

May, 4, 51, 53, 117, 168, 174, 185, 2:13, 267, 

298. 

McCIoud, 188, 299. 
McElary, 296. 
McKlroy, 230,329. 
McFadden, 5, 188, 192, 296, 306. 
McLane, 37, 242. 
McLeod, 232. 
McNeil, 229, 295. 
McNiel, 4, 37, 299. 
Melvil, 50, 89, 93. 
Melvill, 79, 80, 99, 108, 110, 116, 228, 236, 255, 

258, 293, 299, 316. 

Melville, 76, 109, 163, 173, 174, 212, 224, 230, 
231, 236, 266, 297. 



338 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 



Melvin, 76. 

Miller, 191, 205, 206, 299. 

Minot, 224,225,226. 

Minzey, 51. 

Mollineux, 91. 

Monk, 2, 108, 172, 226. 

Moor, 5, 51, 229. 

Moraton, 268. 

Morcton, 78, 333. 

Morrel, 177. 

Morrill, 299. 

Morton, 2, 4, 22, 32, 48, 55, 60, 63, 129, 131, 

212, 269, 285, 294, 295, 305, 332. 
Mountford, 190. 
Mourton, 277. m 

Neal, 5. 

Neat, 296. 

Newel, 305. 

Newell, 6, 21, 31, 109, 128, 177, 190, 236, 256, 

267, 311, 329. 
Newman, 113. 
Nightingale, 92. 
Niles, 193. 

Norcross, 51, 110, 171, 229. 
Noyes, 34, 37, 79, 8n, 128, 280. 
Nyles, 151, 245, 308. 

Oliver, 58, 115, 175. 

Oru, 150. 

Orne, 193, 245, 307. 

Osgood, 249. 

Otis, 24, 83, 144, 14.i, 196, 197, 199, 205, 206, 

209, 210, 212, 247, 267, 289, 290, 306, 

308. 
Owen, 5, 51, 111, 175, 230, 296. 

Page, 5, 174, 229, 296. 

Paine, 3'>3. 

Palfrey, 107. 

Parker, 18, 36, 74, 92, 143, 162, 183, 184, 185, 

187, 190, 264, 2b6, 269, 316. 
Parkman, 2, 36, 93, 111, 128, 162, 193, 226, 235, 

236, 245, 266, 290. 

Parks, 6, 52, 53, 110, 111, 113, 118, 123. 
Parsons, 293. 

Partridge, 3, 50, 59, 60, 110, 173, 227, 292. 
Patten, 118, 232, 293. 
Patterson, 172, 226, 291. 
Payne, 64, 115,151,154, 158,168,176, 199, 202, 

212, 220, 221, 240, 243, 252, 255, 256, 

259, 2(55, 266, 268, 270, 271,287,299, 

308, 316, 319, 325. 
Payson, 229, 286, 321, 324. 
Peake, 175. 

Peirce, 100, 115, 162, 163, 166, 236, 255. 
1'eke, 113. 
Pemberton, 189. 
Pepper, 34. 
Perkins, 92. 
Perry, 52. 

Phelps, 205, 206, 207, 209, 249, 253. 
Philips, 310. 

Phillips, 3, 4, 18, 33, 50, 79, 80, 98, 100, 110, 
151, 173, 193, 199, 212, 227, 226, 
231, 236, 242, 245, 255, 258, 267, 
292, 293, 297, 308, 309, 327, 328. 
Pico, 5, 51, 109, 111, 175, 230, 296. 
Pierce, 39, 58, 89, 91,92, 114, 115, 118, 120, 181. 
Pitts, 1, 2, 3, 18, 24, 92, 107, 150, 151, 193, 245, 

252, 308, 309, 319, 320. 
Plimpton, 230. 
Pollard, 37. 
Porter, 92. 
Powell, 3, 50, 64, 110, 150, 151, 173, 193, 227, 

245, 256, 292, 308. 
Prentice, 54, 71, 73, 79, 80, 91, 92, 100, 109, 

270,311,321,326,330. 
Presson, 229. 

Preston, 1, 2, 3, 40, 47, 48, 49, 106, 107, 108, 
120, 162, 170, 171, 172, 224, 22o, 
226, 231, 237, 290, 291. 

Price, 7, 8, 13, 16, 21, 22, 24, 28, 30, 34, 37, 40, 
48, 49, 54, 58, 60, 69, 77, 84, 87, 88,90, 



91, 102, 104, 106, 107, 108, 114, 137, 
138, 154, 158, 159, 160, 168, 171, 172, 
180, 192, 199, 225, 226, 227, 256, 261, 
265, 271, 280, 287, 290, 292, 294, 304, 
305, 308, 309, 310, 316, 319, 333. 
Prince, 58, 60, 74, 78, 96, 114, 115, 120, 162, 

178, 181, 184, 230, 236, 296, 3ul. 
Procter, 3, 16, 54, 59,78, 79, 80, 93. 110, 116, 
128, 141, 142, 173, 191, 224, 236, 259. 
Procter, 4, 34, 36, 50, 59, 100, 139, 141, 145, 
146, 160, 161, 163, 173, 227, 228, 
244, 249, 251, 258, 256, 261, 266, 
271, 292, 293, 297, 328. 
Pulling, 4, 50, 53, 74, 79, 80, 88, 110, 116, 117, 

162, 173, 190, 228, 233, 297, 298. 
Pulsipher, 52. 

Rand, 92. 

Ranger, 5, 51, 111, 174, 229, 295. 

Rashambeau, 279. 

Kuvnard, 111, 175. 

Read, 75, 118, 124, 184, 185, 236. 

Reed, 10, 16, 44, 113, 267. 

Reviere, 4, 50. 

Rhodes, 109. 

Rice, 186. 

Richardson, 88. 

Roads, 47. 

Roberts, 4. 

Robey, 162. 

Robins, 92. 

Roby, 177. 

Rochambeau, 278. 

Rochambeaue, 278. 

Rodes, 293. 

Rogers, 51, 111, 113, 180, 188, 229, 242, 293, 
296. 

Roshambeau, 276. 

Rouse, 181. 

Rowe, 37, 39, 75, 84, 85, 88, 91, 93, 95, 98, 101, 
102, 103, 138, 152, 156, 193, 200, 205, 
206, 238, 246, 247, 308, 312. 

Ruddock, 266, 297. 

Ruggles, 37, 47, 49, 53, 56, 68, 70, 71, 79, 80, 
86, 91, 100, 116, 153, 166, 171, 173, 
185, 189, 228, 233, 242, 243, 263, 
297, 298, 299. 

Rumml. 2>9. 

Russel, 17ti, 230, 319. 

Russell, 39, 73, 92, 176, 180, 182,192, 199, 256, 
267, 268, 269. 

Sale, 324. 
Baiter, 190. 
Sargent, 324. 
Savage, 33, 173, 240. 

Scollay, 2, 3, 4, 37, 40, 48, 49, 50, 54, 75, 92, 
94, 103, 108, 109, 1K7, 138, 154, 158, 
160, 168, 171, 172, 173, 197, 210, 
225, 226, 228, 258, 266, 286, 290, 
292, 293, 328. 
Scolly, 258. 
Searl, 192. 
Sears, 54, 71, 73, 84, 88, 89, 90, 91, 93, 95, 97, 

166, 236, 271, 2SO, 285. 
Seers, 88. 
Sever, 150. 
Sharp, 8, 11, 37, 39, 73, 79, 80, 88, 183, 187, 

188, 203, 230, 296. 
Shaw, 4, 7, 36, 50, 88, 109, 116, 121, 122, 162, 

166, 173, 186, 228, 240, 249, 263, 266, 

293 316 

Shed, 37, 47/89, 91, 95, 230, 297. 
Sheppard, 185. 
Sherburn, 268. 
Sherman, 38, 113, 175. 
Sigoney, 54, 161, 298. 
Sigorney, 6, 11, 36, 74, 88, 117, 128, 175, 184, 

191, 231, 233. 266, 290. 
Sigourney, 50, 190, 255. 
Sillman, 129. 

Simkins, 4, 14, 109, 112, 124, 166, 260. 
Simms, 251. 
Simpkins, 49, 61, 64, 68, 128, 190, 236, 249, 267. 



INDEX OF XAMKS. 



339 



Simpson, 5, 52, 113, 175, 188, 232, 243, 293, 

296. 

Skinner, 6, 52, 113, 230, 297, 300. 
Sloon, 92. 
Smith, 3,40, 50, 73,80, 83, 88,92, 110, 140, 

154, 164, 166, 173, 177, 180, 192, 

197, 212, 227, 232, 262, 267, 292, 

293, 294, 297. 
Snelltng, 175. 
Soames, 236. 
Somes, 91, 191. 
Speakman. 184, 308. 
Spear, 5, 52, 53, 74, 118, 123, 175, 230, 296, 

299. 

Speekraan, 93. 
Spooner, 150. 
Sprague, 60, 198. 
Stagpole, 118. 
Stagpoole, 120. 
Stanton, 128. 
Stimpson, 229. 
Stoddar, 296. 

Stoddard, 27, 111, 174, 296. 
Stodder, 229, 295. 

Storer, 7, 52, 83, 114, 123, 148, 177, 245. 
Storey, 187, 
Story, 183, 268. 
Stutson, 174, 229. 
Sullivan, 275, 277, 305, 308, 309, 311, 317, 322, 

329, 332, 333. 

Sumner, 7, 36, 53, 54, 55, 58, 60, 93, 116, 121, 
122, 151, 166, 186, 193, 200, 230, 
240, 245, 249, 262, 296, 297, 316. 
Button, 74. 

Swectser, 3, 6, 8, 39, 50, 52, 73, 84, 108, 110, 
112, 113, 117, 124, 131, 173, 178, 
222, 227, 231, 292, 326, 330. 
Sweet zer, 297. 
Syllimau, 151. 
Symmes, 4, 5. 

Symms, 49, 60, 73, 116, 162, 174, 183, 187. 
Syms, 50, 110, 190, 228, 236. 

Templeman, 228. 

Thayer, 50, 58, 115, 191, 230, 297, 308. 

Thomas, 6, 204, 297. 

Thompson, 55, 89, 117, 121, 122, 166, 178, 186, 
200, 240, 249, 263, 297, 316. 

Thwinsr, 113.178. 

Tileston, 4, 25, 31, 37, 50, 58, 71, 99, 103, 110, 
162, 174, 191, 19T, 198, 223, 228, 
234, 236, 286, 293, 320, 321. 

Todd, 5, 51, 229, 296. 

Torey, 240. 

Torrey, 55, 122, 166. 

Torry, 7, 116. 

Tory, 231. 

Tracy, 193, 245. 

Tuckerman, 52, 111, 175, 184, 185, 231, 297. 

Tuder, 47, 48. 

Tudor, 48, 60, 62, 65, 100, 102, 103, 104, 105, 
107, 112, 113, 115, 116, 122, 124, 125, 
131, 139, 140, 141, 142, 144, 145, 146, 
147, 148, 149, 151, 158, 159, 167, 178, 
180, 184, 190, 194, 196, 231, 277, 279, 
280, 285, 295, 300, 305, 311, 322, 325, 

QQO 

Tuffts, 151, 19*3, 232. 
Tufu, 245, 293, 308. 



Tyler, 177. 
Tyng, 16, 326. 

Uraq, 5, 40, 47, 51, 89, 111, 174, 229, 296. 

Van Ilanselier, 139. 

Varnum, 92. 

Vernon, 177, 190, 266. 

Vezie, 188, 189, 191. 

Vinal, 223, 224, 2M4, 286, 287, 321. 

Vinall, 234. 

Viomenil, 276, 277, 278. 

Wait, 173. 

Wales, 5, 51, 111, 175, 308. 

Walker, 33. 102. 

Walley, 6, 8, 10, 16, 21, 28, 31, 32, 34, 37, 52, 
55, 56, 62, 65, 67, 69, 70, 73, 88, 89, 95, 
100, 101, 131, 136, 143, 145, 152, 153, 
156, 162, 165, 204, 205, 206, 208, 212, 
217, 220, 230, 253, 256, 267, 268, 271, 
309, 310, 312, 316, 319, 321, 331. 

Wallis, 173, 177. 

Wally, 39. 

Ward, 150. 

Warren, 150, 245, 263, 279, 280, 286, 307, 322, 
:vj4. 

Washington, 17,278. 

Waters, 109, 113, 114, 116, 120, 144, 154, 162, 
163, 182, 202, 225, 230, 236,238,293, 
311,317. 

Webb, 4, 12, 16, 37, 39, 49, 50, 52, 59, 110, 161, 
162, 163, 173, 174, 227, 228, 236, 267, 
292, 293, 299. 

Webster, 236. 

Welch, 113, 175, 184, 185, 203, 229, 290. 

Wells, 59, 92, 162, 236. 

Welsh, 290, 291,324. 

Wendell, 3, 18, 24, 83, 149, 150, 151, 235, 299. 

Wcntworth, 118. 

Whalley, 224. 

Wheeler, 5, 7, 52, 293. 

Wheelwright, 5, 51, 92. 

White, 3, 6, 10, 39, 50, 51, 52, 90, 94, 109, 110, 
112,113,123,136,151, 173, 174, 178, 
193, 197, 227, 229, 231, 235, 262, 266, 
292, 297, 306, 308. 

Whiting, 229. 

Whitney, 186, 232, 293. 

Whitwell, 3, 8, 50, 92, 110, 173, 220, 227, 232, 
292, 326, 330. 

Wier, 37, 59. 

Wight, 18, 196. 

Wild, 173. 

Williams, 3, 4, 6, 12, 21, 22, 40, 45, 49, 52, 59, 
92, 93, 102, 112, 124,178, 236, 204, 
266, 268, 293, 316. 

Willis, 85. 

Williston,175. 

Willson, 47, 79, 88, 89, 90, 91, 93, 95. 

Wilson, 80. 

Winslow, 92, 299. 

Wintherop, 110. 

Winthrop, 4, 22, 28, 49, 50, 174, 177, 228, 
252. 

Wiswell, 53, 58. 

Woart, 186, 187. 

Woodward, 5. 

Wyer, 123. 



INDEX TO PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 



Accounts, 116, 117, 121, 122, 157, 181, 182, 
195, 199, 201, 211, 223, 258, 2(58, 
327, 328. 

to audit, 7, 177, 300, 312. 
of town treasurer, 7, 52, 53, 65, 
114,117,201, 202,230,231, 240, 
243, 248, 254, 255, 259, 2fiO. 
overseers of the poor, 7, 53, 114, 

177, 230, 231. 
sale and purchase of fire-arms, 

11, 12. 

collectors, 122, 123. 
Mr. Justice Greenleaf, 189, 195. 
Amasa Davis, 239, 241. 
with board of war, 244. 

selectmen, 249. 
expenditures of the war, 249. 
Capt. Gustavus Fellows, 158. 
Act, exclusion, 32. 

(See also Renegades.) 
against Monopoly and Forestalling, 46, 

47,81. 
(See also Bill to prevent forestalling 

and monopoly.) 

to supply the families of certain non- 
comniittaioned officers and soldiers 
with necessaries, 115. 
relative to taxes, 169. 
tender (no-called), 177. 
for the more effectual observance of the 

Lord's Day, 277, 280-85. 
Address to John Hancock, 158. 

Marquis Lafayette, 217-18. 
Baron Viomenil, 276-77. 
Advertising, see Newspapers. 
Agrioulture, 13, 314. 
Aliens, 71. 

law relative to, 71. 

(See also Laws.) 
Allies, 276-77. 
Almshouse, 10, 29, 30, 56, 176, 191, 242, 249, 

315, 318. 
supplies for, 10, 30, 54, 55, 56, 57, 

98, 242. 

appropriation for, 57, 149. 
pressing need of, 189, 190, 205, 

242. 
keeper of, 239. 

salary of, 239. _ 
Amusements, 228. 

Anniversary, change of the institution of, 
on the 5th of March, report 
on, 304-305. 
of the Independence, 291, 294, 

295, 305. 
Apple Island, an innoculating hospital at, 

to erect, 323, W4. 
(See also Islands.) 
(See alio Hospital.) 
Appropriation for the almshouse, 57. 

families of non-com- 
missioned officers 
and soldiers, 61. 
building new school- 
house, 238. 

Armies, standing, ruinous tendency of, 2, 9, 
48, 49, 107, 108, 171, 172, 225, 226, 
290. 
foreign, 214. 



Arms and ammunition, 11, 12, 67, 68, 77, 
244, 251, 252, 258, 259, 326, 327, 
328. 

proceeds of damaged fire-arms, 11. 
purchase of, 12, 59. 
assigned to the town, 59, 231. 
firing of small, on the Common, 326. 

Neck, 326. 
poor quality of, 77. 
small arms to return, 244. 
loan of, asked for, 77. 
list of, 77. 

disposal of eighty, to militia officers of 
the town, five hundred eighty-seven 
to Col. Edward Proctor, 78. 
cartridges, 78, 231, 244, 251, 259. 
powder, 213. 
Army, continental, see Continental. 

neglect of, 23. 
Artillery, state, 77. 

(See also Troops.) 

Assay masters, 6, 52, 113, 178, 230, 297. 
Assembly or General Court, 6, 8, 18, 22, 34. 
42, 47, 59, 61, 
63, 64, 65, 66, 
84, 102, 112, 
120, 122, 128, 
133, 135, 136, 
137, 138, 140, 
142,146, 153, 
154, 155, 160, 
167, 169, 175, 
176,179, 180, 
196, 197, 198, 
200,203, 204, 
205, 207, 214- 
15, 219, 221, 
242,246, 247, 
249, 254, 256, 
257,258, 264, 
265,273, 277, 
279,283, 285, 
309,310, 312, 
315,319, 322, 
324,331. 
demand for jus- 
tice, 20. 

resolve of 
(Sept. 29, 
1778), 10, 14. 
resolve of 
(June 10. 
1778), 26, 27. 
resolve of 
(June 10, 
1777), 11. 
resolve of 
(May 6, 1777), 
78. 

re sol vc of 

(Dec. 2), 161. 

resolve of 

(Dec. 4), 165, 

167, 168. 

memorial to, 9, 

10, 13, 19, 20, 

21, 280-85. 

exclusion act, 

32, 33, 34, 35. 



INDEX TO PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 



341 



Assembly or General Court, petitioned to 
import grain 
from New 
Yo rk and 
Connecticut, 
38. 

bill to prevent 
forests 1 1 i n g 
and monop- 
oly, 38, 42, 43, 
44, 46, 47. 
legislative and 
e xe c utive 
branches of, 
abuses, 23. 
to enact laws 
relative to 
renegades, 28. 
resolve for pro- 
curement of 
clothing for 
the army, -'.', 
30. 

to supply fam- 
ilies of cer- 
tain non-com- 
missioned of- 
f ice r s and 
soldiers, 115. 
measures t o 
take for pro- 
tection of the 
sea-c oasts, 
119. 

resolve of the, 
relative t o 
forming a 
new constitu- 
tion, 83. 
representatives 
elected to, 18, 
24, 61, 62, 63, 
86. 

Assessors, 7, 30, 59, 60, 106, 116, 121, 145, 
149, 154, 163, 167, 174, 179, 182, 
194, 198, 207, 209, 212, 217, 219, 
237, 253, 254, 262, 264, 269, 270, 
318, 325. 
choice of, 6, 7, 53, 116, 117, 18?, 

187, 192, 229, 232, 233, 298. 
abatement of taxes, 7, 10, 20, 53, 
114, 117, 121, 123, 183, 197, 237, 
248, 249, 251, 253, 263, 279, 287, 
289, 298. 

books of, 179, 251, 256, 288. 
ask for allowance, 30. 

granted, 31, 
106, 149, 
325. 

to levy taxes more equitably, 56. 
allowance, 72, 106, 221. 
to prepare abstract of valuation 

of the town, 180. 
in case of want of valuation, 182. 
Assize of bread, see Breadstuff s. 
Attorney -general, the, 274. 

Bakers, 36, 46, 92. 

combination of, to prevent, 266, 267. 

(See also Trades.) 
Barbers, 79. 

(See alao Trades.) 
Barracks, petition to erect, 69. 
Battalions, see Troops. 
Battery, North, 136, 138, 149, 185, 187, 188, 

220. 

to sell, 189, 220. 
South, 153, 155. 
Beacon Hill, 57, 72. 

trespasses on, 57. 

Beef, 10, 81, 102, 152, 153, 157, 165, 166, 167, 
16S, 169, 181, 204, 205, 206, 207, 208, 
209, 242, 249, 253, 264. 
(See also Provisions.) 



Bell's wharf, 92. 

(See also Wharves.) 
Bells, ringing of, 22, 29, 143, 1S4, 193, 243, 

307. 

omitted, 85. 
ringers, 29. 
tolling of, 48, 107, 171, 225, 290, 331, 

332. 

presentation of a bell to a school- 
house, 263. 
Bill of Rights, 23, 128, 129, 283, 284. 

to prevent forestalling and monopoly, 

38. 

Bills, rate, see Taxes, 
hand, 81, 260. 
of credit, 154, 213, 221, 242, 249, 250, 

260. 

Port, 243. 

Bilrica [Billerica], 90. 
Blacksmiths, 79. 

(See also Trades.) 
Blanks to print, 147. ' 

Blankets for the army, see Continental army. 
Board of War, 29, 32, 33, 231, 244, 251, 255, 

259, 327. 

corn in the hands of, to dis- 
tribute to the poor, 20. 
case of Mr. Johonnet brought 

before, 32, 33, 34. 
resolve of, 32, 33. 

opposition to, 34. 
accounts with, 244, 257, 258, 

259, 326. 327, 328. 
town's arms, 59, 231, 326. 
to wait upon, 97. 
books of, 328. 

Boards, surveyor of, see Wood. 
Bonds, see Sureties. 
Books, tax, 7, 143, 144, 145, 163, 179, 182, 

town, nee Records. 

Boston, 1, 3, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 21, 22, 
24, 26, 27, 28, 32, 36, 39, 41, 45, 47, 
61, 67, 72, 82, 84, 86, 88, 89, 90, 97, 
101, 102, 105, 106, 108, 125, 131,135, 
140, 151, 152, 158,159, 160, 165,168, 
169, 170, 172, 192, 194, 1H6, 200,204, 
208, 211, 218, 219, 224, 226, 241, 242, 
244, 245, 26, 258, 261, 265, 267, 270, 
273, 275, 276, 277, 278, 279, 2SO, 281, 
288, 289, 291, 302, 307, 308,309, 317, 
319, 321, 323, 3_'4, :.!2:.. 
Common, horses going at large on, 

to prevent, 59, 60, 61. 
injury to, by passing of 

carriages, 221. 
school in the, 223, 224, 

234, 321, 329. 
firing of small arms at the 

bottom of, 326. 
burying ground on, 302. 
incumbrances on, 311. 
Gaol, 32, 33. 
harbor, to fortify, 74. 

(See also Fortifications.) 
militia, 140, 141. 

(See also Militia.) 

neck, sale of town's lands on the, 
55, 56, 57, 158, 181, 183, 298, 
310. 
forestalling provisions on, 87, 

88, 89. 

lease of, 189, 203. 
incroachments on, to prevent, 

203. 
firing of small arms on, to 

prevent, 326. 
Regiment, see Troops. 
Bounties, 17, 18, 26, 27, 140, 141. 

(See a Iso Continental Army.) 
Braintree, 94. 

Breadstuffs, 6, 10, 13, 37, 38, 45, 46, 90, 92, 
96, 101, 102, 140, 178, 231, 242, 
249, 251, 258, 266, 267, 297, 302, 
326, 327. 



342 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 



Breadstuffs, surveyors of wheat, 52, 112, 113, 

178, 231, 241, 297. 
scarcity of, 36, 39, 40. 
to provide for the families of 
non-commissioned officers and 
soldiers of the Continental 
army, 10. 
rye bread, 90. 

for the poor, 29, 30, 36, 39, 242. 
in the several wards, 36, 37, 38. 
assize of bread, 56, 57. 
Bridge, mill, 6, 103, 112, 178. 

repairs, 103. 
draw, 103. 

repairs, 103. 

swing, at Oliver's dock, 301. 
Building, petition to erect, 69. 

of suitable school-house, 237, 

238. 

new wooden, 325, 326. 
Burial places : 

sextons, 184. ' 

adjoining the Granary, 301. 

common, 302. 

expense of burials, to regulate, 331, 

332. 
tolling of bells at funerals, regulating 

of, 332. 
Butchers, 76, 82. 

petition of the several, 81. 

(See also Trades.) 
meat, 81. 

(See also Provisions.) 
By-laws, 60, 280, 302, :.;:J1. 

relative to sweeping of chimneys, 

288, 289. 
for appointment and regulation of 

the several market places, 302. 
to enforce, 302, 303, 3u4. 
(dee also Laws.} 

Cadiz salt, 92. 

(See alto Salt.) 
Cambridge, 83, 125. 

university at, 127, 313. 
Candles, 330. 
Card makers, 79. 

(See also Trades.) 
Cargoes, see Ships, vessels, etc. 
Carpenters, 79. 

(See also Trades.) 

Carriages, carts, etc.. 103, 221, 302, 303,304. 
Cartridges, 78. 

(See also Arms and Ammunition.) 
Carts, see Carriages, carts, etc. 
Carvers, 79. 

(See also Trades.) 
Case of Francis Johonnot, 32, 33, 34, 35. 

petition iu, 33,34. 
guilt of, not 

proven, 33. 

Capt. Samuel Pepper, 34, 35. 
Cattle upon the hoof, 91. 

Common, 299. 
Caulkers, 79. 

( See a/so Trades.) 
Certificates, 86, 96, 123, 124, 237, 249, 286. 

loan office, 99. 
Charlestown Ferry, 87, 88. 

(See also Ferries.) 
Charter for fisheries, 216. 
Clielsea, re-annexation to Boston, relative 

to, 524. 
Chimney sweepers, 170. 

salaries of, 288. 
to appoint, 170. 
to advertise for, 288. 
sweeping of, 280. 
report on chimneys, 287-89. 
inspection of chimneys, 'J89. 
Thocolate, 38. 
Cisterns, 92. 

distilling of, 85. 
Clerks of the market, see Market. 



Clothing, 30,102, 103, 104, 105, 164,181,211. 

(See also Continental army.} 
Coffee, 38. 

Collection for Christopher Monk, 2. 
Collectors of taxes, see Taxes. 
Commerce, 323. 

wealth and strength of a nation 

dependent upon its, 215. 
naval strength of a nation linked 

with iu,215. 
illegal, 273. 

Commissary General of Supplies, 39, 40, 64, 
68, 124, 
326, 133. 
time of 
service 
to limit, 
126. 

of military stores, 220. 
Commissionfe, 127, 217. 
Committees : 

on providing nn orator for 

March thu Fifth, 1. 
to wait on orator, 1, 2, 47, 48, 
49, 106, 107, 108, 170, 224, 225, 
289-90, 291. 

on correspondence, 4, 12, 32, 
35, 49, 50, 70, 71, 72, 108, 109, 
112, 116, 173, 177, 227, 228. 
to audit accounts, 7, 52, 53, 65, 

243. 

on inspection and safety, 4, 12, 
.-^o, 47, 49, 50, 70, 71, 72, 75, 
108, 109, 116, 173, 177, 227, 
228, 273, 275, 297. 
to consider a tax to defray the 
expenses of the town, 8, 10, 
11, 201, ;A)2. 
on high price of provisions, 8, 

9. 

remedy for, 9, 10. 
for relief of the poor, 10, 205. 
payment of schoolmasters, 

10, 169,221,222. 
to obtain the names of the non- 
commission ed 
officers and sol- 
diers of the Con. 
tinental Army, 
11. 

names of commit- 
tee, 1 1 . 
to relieve said persons, 14, 68, 

102, 103, 104, 115, 124. 
purchase fire-arms, etc., 11, 

12, 67, 68. 

prepare a draft of petition 
to the General Court, 13, 
20, 21. 
on inoculation for small-pox, 

15. 

drafting men into the army, 

16, 17, 18, 19, 16V, 162, 191, 

195, 196, 198, 204, 222, 235, 

236,237,238,241,243, 244. 

to obtain subscriptions for 

bounties, 18, 27, 143, 224. 

wait on the Board of War, 

32, 97. 

prepare instructions to the 
representatives, 21, 64, 
138, 156. 

prepare instructions relative 
to a form of government, 
22, 65, 66. 
prevent return of renegades 

to the town, 27, 28. 
on school-masters' salaries, 30, 
31, 54,55, 102, 123,147, 164, 
319. 
to purchase flour, 38, 39, 40, 41, 

43, 44, 56, 140. 

borrow money, 38, 39, 40, 
41, 43, 44, 56, 201, 202. 



INDEX TO PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 



343 



Committees : 



to present memorial to Hon. 

Horatio Gates, 39, 40. 
inquire into persons fore- 
stalling the necessaries of 
life, 40, 45, 46, 87. 
obtain supplies for the poor, 

54, 189, 190, 191. 
on payments made by collect- 
ors in the several treasu- 
ries, 55, 68, 69. 
sale of town's lands, 55, 56, 

57. 

expenditures of monies, 56. 
levying of taxes more equi- 
tably, 56. 

assize of bread, 56, 57, 60. 
case of Francis Johonnot, 

34. 

to ascertain amount of flour and 
other necessities in the 
several wards, 36, 37. 
report measure to relieve 
the inhabitants in their 
great and growing diffi- 
culties, 37. 

collect subscriptions for 
money to buy grain and 
flour, 38, 41, 142. 
furnish inhabitants with 

vegetables, 58, 60. 
prevent horses going at 
large on the Common, 59. 
on by-laws, 60. 

to obtain subscriptions of 
money, 64, 75, 99, 104, 154, 
155, 212. 

relative to tax premiums, 68. 

to meet with the convention at 

Concord, 70, 71, 72, 73. 

names of committee, 70. 

proceedings of, to carry into 

effect, 73, 74, 76. 
to decide what measures to 
take relative to prisoners of 
war going at large, 70. 
report of, 69, 70, 71. 
on grants, 71. 

to procure subscriptions for 
loan of money to Congress, 
74, 75. 

obtain subscriptions for for- 
tifying Boston har- 
bor, 74, 75. 
names of committee, 

74, 75. 

affix prices on European 
goods, 75, 76, 78, 79, 98, 
100. 

consider what may be best 
to do for security of the 
town in case of an inva- 
sion from the enemy, 76. 
consider the introduction of 
live stock into the town, 
76, 77. 

take note of violation of 
laws concerning sale of 
European goods, 79. 
committee of Twelve, reports 

of, 144. 
on enforcement of monopoly 

act, 81. 
committee of Thirteen, 82, 84, 

85, 90, 96, 97, 9!). 
on scarcity of fire-wood, 84. 
price of merchandize, 84, 89. 
on fire-wood, 85, 86, 94. 
engrossing of wood, meat, etc., 

to prevent, 86. 

to prevent persons going upon 
Charlestown ferry and the 
Neck to purchase provi- 
sions, 88, 87. 



Committees : 



names of twenty, on commit- 
tee, 88, 89. 
on price of merchandize and 

country produce, 88, 89, 96. 
to supply the town with pro- 
visions, 89. 

wait on merchants, traders 
and distillers, 90, 91, 92, 
95. 
relative to cattle upon the 

hoof, 91. 
to board vessels and report on 

cargoes, 93, 95. 
receive and store salt, 95. 
procure subscriptions for 

the magazine, 95. 
of merchants, appointed to 
affix prices of European 
goods, etc., 98, 100, 101. 
names of, 98. 

to obtain supplies for the pub- 
lic (-tore, 100. 
on repairs to bridges, 103. 

salaries of town officials, 

106. 

abatement of taxes, 114. 
to inquire into debits and 

credits of the town, 114. 
on street refuse, 115. 

workhouse, 115. 
to promote virtue and good 

order in the town, 115. 
examine collector's books, 

117, llx. 

improve town land at West 
Boston for raising vege- 
tables, 118, 178. 
for protection of the sea coasts, 

119. 
to establish a school at the 

iSouth End, 120, 123, 124. 
provide a place for the town 

to meet, 125. 
consider the habeas corpus 

writ, 127. 
3d article in 
the declara- 
tion of 
rights, J29. 
report on, 129- 

130. 

draw up reasons for altera- 
tions in constitution, 131, 
135. 

procure recruits and sup- 
plies for the army, 144, 

164, 210. 

on assessors' salaries, 148. 
to examine accounts of Capt. 
Gustavus Fellows, 158, 159, 
160. 
on address to John Hancock, 

158. 

to inquire into town's title to 
land at or near North 
Battery, 136. 

classify inhabitants of the 
several wards, 161, 162, 
163, 164. 

procure beef for the Conti- 
nental Army, 152, 153, 

165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 
170. 

present address to Gov. 

Hancock, 159. 
on outstanding taxes, 164, 16c, 

16(5, 195. 
to receive monies raised by 

tax for beef, 168. 
on Ways and Means, 176, 182, 

183. 1H5, 205. 

town's proportion of fines, 
176, 177. 



344 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 



Committees : 

on assessing and collecting 

taxes, 176, 179. 

to prepare abstract of valua- 
tion of the town, 180. 
assist town treasurer in 
settling accounts and 
collecting debts, 182, 202. 
clerk to said committee, 

182. 
on town's land on the Neck, 

183. 

to lease North Battery, 187, 188. 
prevent illicit trade, 187,271, 

272. 
on petition of collectors of 

taxes, 197. 

to act on list of jurors, 198. 
estimate sum necessary to 
defray expenses of current 
year, 199, 200. 
assist the treasurer, 202. 
prevent encroachments on 

the Neck, 203. 
on town watch, 211. 

fishery, 212. 
to wait upon the Governor, 213, 

271. 

prepare complimentary ad- 
dress to the Marquis de la 
Fayette, 217-18. 

on present arrangement of 

publick schools, and what 

further improvement may 

be made therein, 220. 

to consult with the commissary 

of military stores, 220. 
on repairs to streets, 221. 

petition of Paul Farmer, 

231. 

building of new school- 
house, 237. 
to inquire into expenditures of 

war, 249. 
examine the assessors' 

books, 256. 
act upon the list of jurors, 

258. 

present memorial relative to 
the observance of the 
Lord's day to the general 
assembly, 285. 
consider the suitable obser- 
vance of the anniversary 
of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, 291, 295. 
on enforcing by-law relative to 

the markets, 304. 
to provide an orator to deliver 
en oration on the 4th of 
July, 305, 322, 323. 
consider the re-annexation 
of Chelsea to Boston, 324. 
security of the town by 

night, 326, 327. 
collect town's lamps, 330, 

332. 
Common burying ground, 302. 

(See also Burial places.) 
street, 301, 302. 

(See also Streets.) 
Concord, 70, 73, 74, 75, 76, 78, 80, 82, 87, 88, 

96, 99, 101. 

Confederation of the Thirteen States, 216. 
Congress, 95, 217, 272, 314. 

to obtain subscriptions for money 

to loan, 74, 75. 
pamphlet published by, 95. 
delegates to, 126, 137. 
commissioners to, 217. 
Connecticut, 38, 89, 270, 271. 
Constables, 3, 22, 73, 97, 123, 124, 136, 143, 
144, 153, 155, 163, 174, 175, 176, 
179, 183, 188, 203. 



Constables, choice of, 6, 53, 59, 116, 117, 123, 
184, 186, 188, 191, 192, 198, 200, 
204, 227, 229, 232, 233, 241, 242, 
243. 

desire to be exempt from serv- 
ing as, 58, 185, 186, 187, 188, 
189, 191, 192, 2U3, 239, 241. 
disorderly behavior of one of 

the, 97. 

list of persons who will serve 
as, to furnish, 188. 

(See also Watch.) 

Constitution and form of government, new, 

21, 22, 23, 61, 63, 83, 125, 128, 

129, 131-35, 156, 157, 193, 196, 

244, 246, 282, 283, 284, 313, 314. 

provision for a future revisal 

of, 127. 

to accept, 129. 

superior advantages of a repub- 
lican, 291. 
Continental agents, 90. 

army, 8, 10, 14, 19, 77, 141, 153, 

154, 156, 194, 195, 206, 

207, 209, 217, 235, 236, 

259, 328. 

full proportion of, to 

keep in the field, 66. 
statistics as to the, 11, 

19, 249. 

drafting men into, 16, 17, 
18, 19, 20, 145, 161, 163, 
198, 204, 222, 235, 236, 
237, 238, 243, 244, 249. 
enlistments into, 17, 18. 
bounties, 17, 18, 26, 27, 
140, 141, 145, 147, 224, 
244, 249, 260. 
mileage of men, 27, 140, 

147, 249. 

clothing for, 29, 30, 102, 
103, 104, 105, 181, 249, 
259. 

shoes and stockings, 30, 
140, 147, 164, 165, 210, 
249. 

blankets, 140, 147, 164, 165. 
major-general and com- 
mander of the, memo- 
rial to, 39, 40. 
reply of, 42, 43. 
supplies to families of 
non-commissioned offi- 
cers and soldiers of, 
61, 64, 115, 124, 249, 260. 
tax raised, instead of 

men drafted, 140-41. 
recruits and supplies to 
procure, 144, 145, 160, 
191. 

beef for, 152, 153, 157, 
165, 166, 167. 169, 170, 
204, 209, 249, 253. 
grain for, 249. 
horses for, 249. 
navy, 19. 

service, see Continental Army, 
stores, petition for flour and 

bread corn from, 49, 50. 
tax, 265,267, 268, 269. 
Convention of February 28, 1778. 
June 16, 1780, 152. 
form of government sent out 

by, to reject, 22. 
State, to call, see State Con- 
vention. 

meeting of, at Concord, 70, 71, 
72, 73, 75, 76, 78, 80, 82, 96, 
99, 101. 
at Cambridge, delegates, 83, 

128. 

Concord, 87, 88. 

for framing new constitution, 
125. 



INDEX TO PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 



345 



Convention, resolves of the, 125, 135. 

on sweeping of chimneys, 280. 
Coopers, 79. 

(See also Trades.) 
Cordwainers, 79. 

(See also Trades.) 
Cora, see Breadstuffs. 

Correspondence, committees on, 4, 12, 32, 35, 
49, 50, 71, 
72, 108, 
109, 112, 
116, 173, 
177, 187, 
227, 228. 
names of, 49, 50, 228. 

(See also Committees.) 
with sister states, to en- 
courage, 157, 306, 307. 
Cotton wool, 92. 

Council, the, 13, 34, 70, 72, 77, 84, 126. 
counsellors, 24. 
resolve of, 32, 33. 
case of Francis Johonnot, 32, 33, 

34, 35. 

County of Suffolk, see Suffolk, 
treasurer, see Treasurer, 
register, see Register. 
Court of general sessions, 6, 294. 
inferior, 142. 

supreme judicial, 207, 314. 
Cows, see Cattle. 

Credit, public and private, basis of, 156. 
Cryer, town, see Town. 
Cullers of staves, 5. 
Currency, article upon, 95. 
Curtis' wharf, 310. 

Debit and credit of the town, 7, 53, 114, 177, 

181, 182. 

Debt, public, 157, 201, 215. 
Declaration of Independence, anniversary of, 
to be suitablv observed, 
291, 294. 
Rights, 127, 129, 130, 131, 132, 

313, 314. 

Deeds, etc., 220, 311,317. 
Deer, informer of, 5, 51, 111, 175, 230, 296. 
Delegates, 131, 135. 

to the convention at Cambridge , 
83, 84, 125, 
126, 128. 
at Concord, 87, 

88. 
. choice of, 83, 87, 88. 

names of, 83, 88. 
Depositions, 271. 
Diseases, infections, 9, 10, 323. 

spread of, 15. 

to prevent, 

302. 

(See also Small-pox.) 
Distilleries and distillers, 90, 91. 
Distilling of cisterns, 85. 
(See also Cisterns.) 
Dock square, 303, 330. 

fish market at, to open 98. 
repairs on, 318. 
consideration of, deferred, 

98,99. 

fish stalls, to build on, 100. 
encroachments in, 294,311. 

(See also Streets, etc.) 
town, 46, 326. 

incumbrances on, 305, 331. 
abutters on, 311, 314, 316, 317, 

318, 321, 326, 327. 
(See also Town Dock.) 
to fill up, 311. 

Dominion provinces of Great Britain, 33. 
Donations, 238, 263, 291. 
Drafting, 16, 17. 
Drafts of monies, see Monies. 

men, see Continental Army. 
Drains, etc., 311. 



Drawbridge, 103. 

repairs to, 103. 
(See also Bridge.) 

Elections, matter of settling, 126. 
Enlistments, 17, 18, 19, 20, 243. 

bounties for men enlisting, 17, 

18, 244. 
men to enlist in their own 

towns, 17, 18. 
omissions in manner of, 20. 

(Seealno Continental Army.) 
European goods, 75, 76, 78, 98, 100, 101, 215. 
Exclusion Act, 32, 33, 34, 35, 306, 307, 314. 

(See also Act.,) 
Executive power, 126. 
Exhibitions, 228. 

(See also Amusements.) 
Exportation of gold and silver, 214. 

Faneuil Hall, 1, 3, 14, 16, 18, 21, 24, 26, 27, 28, 
32, 36, 45, 47, 49, 56, 61, 67, 
69, 72, 82, 84, 86, 89, 97, 102, 
105, 106, 108, 125, 135, 150, 
152, 155, 156, 160, 165, 169, 
170, 172, 192, 194, 196, 200, 
204, 208, 211, 218, 219, 224, 
226, 228, 241, 242, 244, 246, 
251, 259, 261, 265, 267, 270, 
275, 276, 277, 289, 292, 307, 
309, 319, 321, 323, 325, 328, 
333. 
market, 19, 65, 302. 

regulations of, 19. 
stalls in, 81. 
arms lodged in, 259. 
windows of, to mend, 237. 
repairs to, 237, 238. 
Farmers, 82. 
Farriers, 79. 

(See also Trades.) 
Fees due from justices, 180. 
Fence viewers, 5, 51, 111, 175, 229, 296. 
Ferries, 80. 

Winnisimet, 72. 
forestalling provisions on, 87. 
Charlestown, 87, 88. 
Fines, see Penalties and Fines. 
Firearms, see Arms and Ammunition. 

wards, 4,12, 50, 109, 110, 173, 174, 228, 293. 
Fires, to consider what is proper to be done 

to secure the town from, 170. 
bells to ring for, 184. 
at Oliver's dock, 325. 
Fish, 9, 215. 

stalls, 100. 

extravagant price of, 46. 
fishermen, 46. 
markets, 56, 57, 98, 99. 
price of haddock and halibut, 80. 
mongers, 79. 
Fisheries, 211, 214, 215, 314. 

importance of, 214-217. 

charter, 216. 

circular letter relating to the, 217, 

218, 219. 

Flour and grain, see Breadstuffs. 
Foreign Armies, see Armies. 
Foreign Navies, see Navies. 
Forestallers, severe condemnation of, 13, 45, 

46. 

law against, to enact, 13, 96. 
forestalling and monopoly, bill 
to prevent, 38, 40, 41, 42, 43, 
44, 47, 87. 

certain men who are, 44, 45, 46. 
Form of government for the State of Massa- 
chusetts Bay, old, to reject, 23. 

new, to institute, 23, 

24, 66, 126. 

rights of representation, 23. 
equality of representation, 66. 
proposed alterations in, 131-35. 
new, 156. 



346 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 



Form relative to choice of Governor, etc., 

307. 

representa- 
tives, 309. 

Fort Hill, barracks to erect on, 69. 
Fortifications : 

brick wall of, 165. 
in Boston harbor, 74. 
near the Neck, 87, 88, 310. 
North Battery, 136, 138, 149, 
185, 187, 188. 
to sell, 189. 

South Battery, 153, 155. 
Fox hill, 268, 269. 
France, naval power of, 216. 

allies from, 276-277, 278. 
Freedom of speech, to secure, 127. 
French Corps under Count Kochambeau, 

278, 279. 

Funerals, tolling of bells at, to regulate, 331, 
332. 

Gaol, case of Francis Johonnot confined in 

the, 32, 33. 

General and Commander-in-chief of the 
forces in the United States of 
America, welcome to, 275,276-77, 
278. 

reply of, 278, 279. 
Glass, 44, 45, 238. 
Glaziers, 79. 

(See also Trades.) 
Goal, see Gaol. 
Gold, 214. 
Goldsmiths, 79. 

(See also Trades.) 

Governor, the, 126, 133, 150, 151, 152, 165, 
193, 194, 213, 244, 245, 271, 
307. 

address to, 158. 
committee to present ad- 
dress, 159. 
reply of, 159. 
Lieutenant, 126, 150, 151, 152, 193, 

194,244,245,307. 
Grain, see Breadstuffs. 

(See also Granary.) 
Granary, the, 38, 41, 231, 297, 301, 302. 

grain to store in, for the town, 

38, 41. 

to be distributed, 42. 
keeper of, 6, 52, 112, 231, 297. 
purchasers of grain, 6, 52, 112, 

140, 178,231, 297. 
sale of, 52, 231, 297. 
to use, as a public magazine, 

96. 

stores in, to remove, 97. 
burying ground adjoining, 301. 
Grants and allowances, 66, 67, 71. 

(See also Salaries.) 
Gravel, 268, 269. 
Great Britain, 216. 

monies sent to, 215. 

Habeas corpus, 127. 

privileges and benefits of, 

128. 
to suspend only in time of 

war, efc.,128. 
writs of, 133. 
Hair dressers, 79. , 

(See also Trades.) 
Hartford, 101. 
Hat makers, see Hatters. 
Hatters, 79, 87, 97. 

(See also Trades.) 
Hay, 38, 302. 

market for, 301, 303, 329. 
Haywards, 5, 52, 111, 175, 230, 296. 
Hemp, surveyors of, 5, 51, 110, 174, 229, 295. 
Hides and tallow, 81. 
Hi kjh ways, see Streets, highways, etc. 
Hingham, 94. 



Hogreeves, 5, 7, 12, 52, 111, 175, 230, 239,296, 

300, 306. 
Horses, 302. 

to prevent, going at large on the 

Common, 59, 60, 61. 
for the use of the army, 249. 
Hospitals, 15. 

at West Boston, 15. 
State, 258, 328. 
boat, 288. 

iunoculating, at Apple Island ,323. 
House of Representatives, 7, 8, 13, 126. 
Housewrights, 79. 

(See also Trades.) ' 
Hucksters, 79. 

(See also Trades.) 

Importations, 214. 

West India, 215. 

Independence Day, celebration of the an- 
niversary of, 291, 294, 
295, 305, 322. 
choice of orator for, 

322. 

Indian meal, see Breadstuffs, 10. 
Inferior Court, see Court. 
Informer of Deer, see Deer. 
Inhabitants, 1, 8, 9, 11, 12, 14, 16, 18, 22, 24, 
26, 27, 28, 35, 36, 39, 41, 45, 
48, 49, 50, 53, 55, 56, 58, 59, 
60, 61, 62, 65, 69, 72, 74, 75, 81, 
82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 89, 90, 
92, 93, 94, 95, 97, 99, 100, 102, 
105, 106, 108, 125, 127, 130, 
133, 135, 136, 141, 142, 145, 
150, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 
158, 159, 160, 163, 165, 168, 
169, 170, 172, 173, 179, 181, 
182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 
191, 192, 194, 196, 197, 108, 
199, 200, 204, 207, 208, 209, 
211, 213, 218, 224, 225, 226, 
227, 232, 235, 237, 238, 241, 
242, 244, 246, 247, 251, 255, 
257, 259, 260, 261, 262, 264, 
265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 
271, 274, 275, 276, 277, 282, 
288, 289, 291, 292, 294, 298, 
299, 301, 302, 306, 307, 309, 
310, 318, 319, 321, 323, 325, 
328, 329, 333, 334. 
depletion of town's, 19. 
petitions of, 76. 

to report names of traitors to 
the Committee of Safety, 71. 
must equip themselves and at- 
tend the military musters, 78. 
informed of report of commit- 
tee on the act relative to the 
Lord's Day, 279. 
Innoculation, 9, 15, 323, 324. 

general, to encourage, '15. 
date of termination, 16. 
innoculating hospital at Apple 

Island, 323, 324. 

Inspection and safety, 4, 12, 35, 47, 49, 50, 
70. 71, 75, 108, 109, 
173, 177, 187, 227, 
228, 273, 275, 297, 
306. 

(See also Committee.) 
duties of, 306, 307. 

Inspectors of the Market, see Market. 
Interest, see Notes, negotiable. 
Islands : 

West Indies, 78, 323. 
Turks', 92. 
Apple, 323, 324. 

Judiciary power, 126. 
Jurors, 26, 317. 

list of, 26, 198, 258, 317. 

jury book, 142. 

grand, 235. 



INDEX TO PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 



347 



Justices, 49, 108, 123, 124, 181, 188, 195. 
fees due Irom, 180. 

Labor, price of, 13, 79-80. 
Luinb, 81. 

(See also Provisions.) 
Lamps, town, to be again lit up. 327, 330. 

to collect, 330, 332, 333. 
lamplighters. 330, 333. 
lamp tux, 333. 

expense of lighting, to defray, 334. 
Lands, owners : 

Capt. Job Prince, 60. 

Mr. Hezekiah Blanchard, 

60. 
heirs of James Allen, 60. 

John and Thomas 

Leaverett, 60. 
Andrew Symmes, 6u. 
.)//. Clough, 60. 

Harris, 60. 
Dr. Sprague. 60. 
.!//. Edward Caraes, 60. 
Sumuer, 60. 
William Dennie, 164. 
Phillips etals., 327, 329. 
town's, 55, 114, 115, 118,187. 

on Oliver's dock, 327, 329. 
sale of, 55, 56, 57, 203, 311. 
on the Neck, 55, 56, 57, 158, 
181, 183, 189, 203, 298, 300, 
304, 310. 

title to, 06, 311, 314, 327. 
trespassers on Beacon Hill, 

57. 

waste, 60. 
petition to erect barracks 

on, 69. 
portion of ground on Fort 

Hill,6!i. 

at New Boston, 96. 
title to laud at or near 

North Battery, 13B, 149. 
raising of vegetables on, 60, 

114, 115, 118, 178, 180. 
abutting on the Dock, 304, 
311, 314, 316, 317, 318, 326, 
327. 

Language, improper, 92. 
Latin, teacher of, in the schools, 55. 

(See also Schools.) 
Laws, 92, 115, 172, 196, 246, 275, 280, 309. 

breach of, 32, 33, 34, 35, 47, 77, 79, 80, 

84, 89, 90, 91, 97, 98. 
enactment of, relative to renegades, 
called the Exclusion Act, 32, 34, 35, 
306, 307. 

relative to purchase of meat, 81. 
to uphold. 35, 66, 115, 325. 
to be read at town meeting, 49, 246, 

292, 309. 
relative to sweeping of chimneys, 288, 

289. 

trespasses on Beacon Hill, 57. 
building with wood, 325, 326. 
relative to certain by-laws, 60. 

straagers, 71. 
penal, 313. 

confirmations of, 127. 
habeas corpus, 127. 
repeal of certain, 156. 
(.See also By-laws.) 
Lead, twenty hundred weight of, 328. 
Leases, 60, 72, 138, 181, 183, 185, 187, 189, 

203. 
Leather, sealers of, 5, 51, 111, 175, 229, 296. 

dressers, 76. 
Legislative power, 126. 
Legislature, the, 217. 

(See also Assembly.) 
Letters : 

from 3fr. Samuel Brick, 109. 

committee town of Stoughton to 
the selectmen of Boston, 177. 



Letters : 

Irom Mr. Justice Gardner, 189, 195. 
town of Marblehead, 211, 212, 

214. 

circular, to maritime towns, 217, 218-19. 
from John Bradford, Esq., 217, 2.'2. 
complimentary address to the Mar- 

<ltris de la Fayette, 217-18. 
reply, 218. 
Mr. Hunt, master of the South 

Grammar school, 220. 
Stephen Higgiuson, Exq., 254. 
from Hon. James Lovell, 256. 
circular letters, 265, 274, 275. 
from Capt. Collis, 270. 
Mr. Prentice, 270. 
Hon. Samuel Adams to the 

Selectmen of Boston, 2w2. 
Nathan Kraxier, Em/., 293. 
Capt. Gustavur* Fellows, 294. 
lion. Wiliam Philips, 3;o. 
Libels, 85. 
Literature, encouragement of, 127, 157. 

and science, 157, 313. 
Live stock, to introduce into the town, 76. 

(See also Cattle.) 
farmers recommended to pur- 
chase, 82. 
Loan office, 99. 
Lord's Day, 298. 

observance of the, 7, 313. 

an act for the more 
effectual, 277,279. 
memorial to the General As- 
sembly relative to, 280-85. 
Lotteries, 203. 
Lumber, 82, 214. 

Magazine, public, to be opened, 94, 95, 96. 
granary to use as a, 96. 
supplies for the, 10U, 102 
to furuish with grain, 101. 
salt and other merchandize 

turned into the, 101. 
articles sold from, 101, 102. 
to keep open, 102. 

Major General and Commander of the army 
of the United States in the Eastern 
Department, memorial to, 39, 40, 42. 
reply from, 42, 43. 
Manufactures, 272. 

prices of, 79. 

Marblehead, 44, 211, 212, 214. 
Maritime towns, circular letter to, 217, 218, 

219. 

(See also Letters.) 
Market, 19, 65, 80. 

clerks of the, 9, 54, 71, 113, 177, 228, 

229, 262, 2.. 

forestalling the, 10, 13, 45, 46, 87, 88. 
regulations of the, 19. 
north doors and windows of, to be 

put up, 43. 

inspectors of, 46, 301, 302, 303, 304. 
fish, 56, 57, 98, 99, 100. 
vegetables sold in, 81, 301. 
stalls in, 81. 
disorders of, 301. 
wood, 301. 
hay, 301, 303, 329. 
regulating, 311. 
place, see Dock square, 
square, see Dock square. 
Masons, 79. 

(See also Trades. 1 ) 

Massacre oil March 5, 1770, to commemorate, 
1, 2, 47, 48, 49, 
106,107,108,170, 
171,224,225,226, 
2S9-90, 305. 
change in institu- 
tion of the anni- 
versary of, 3u4, 
305. 



348 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 



Massachusetts Bay, the State of, 13, 19, 26, I 
:v2, 125, 137, 151, 
158, 159, 196, 280. 
Constitution and 
form of govern- 
ment, 22. 

old, to reject, 22, 23. 
new, to institute, 23, 

24. 
towns and plantations of, 

22, 26. 

first governor, 158-159. 
Meat, unmerchantable, brought into the 

town, 77. 

law as to purchasing, 81. 
engrossing of, to prevent, 86. 
Mechanics, 215. 
Medicines, 9. 
Meeting-houses : 

old brick, 1, 2, 21, 48, 106, 
107, 126, 170, 171, 225, 
290. 

bells of the several, 184. 
sextons, 184. 
Dr. Cooper's, 322. 
Memorials or petitions : 

to the General Court, 9, 10, 
13, 19, 20, 21, 277, 279, 280- 
85. 

Hon. Horatio Gates, 39, 40. 
reply of, 
42, 43. 

to committees appointed to 
receive subscriptions and 
purchase flour and grain, 
41. 

reason for delay in printing 
town's memorial to Genl. 
Gates and his reply, 43. 
for assistance to the poor, 

242. 
in behalf of the estate of 

Edw. Hollyday, 243-44. 
Mr. Samuel liuggles, 263. 
Men-of-war, nee Ships, vessels, etc. 
Merchandize, price of, 84, 88, 89, 99, 100, 

215. 

possible exportation of, 89. 
turned into the public store, 

101. 
Merchants, 82, 89, 92, 94, 99, 215. 

must comply with the law, 90. 
account of all sales, etc., to ren- 
der, 90. 

to wait on, 90, 91, 95. 
Military musters, 78. 

wards, 179, 182, 210. 
stores, 220. 
Militia, 11, 12, 77, 78, 140, 141, 145, '258, 259, 

27*, 328. 

drafts from the, 19. 
arms for, to purchase, 67, 68. 
orders to captains of companies in, 

244. 

(See also Troops.) 
Mill bridge, the, 6, 52, 112, 178, 231. 
repairs to, 103. 

(See also Bridge.) 
owners, 103. 
Mills : 

new, 6, 52, 112, 178, 231. 
north, 203. 
Milton, 75. 

Ministers of the Gospel to remind their con- 
gregations of important town 
meeting, 127. 

copy of vote to send to all, 127. 
of the needs of the poor, 205. 
Molas=es, 38, 79, 92. 

Monies, 67, 74, 137, 142, 146,149,154,158, 160, 
164, 181, 201, 202, 203, 06, 212, 215, 
221, 231,248, 251, 252, 253, 254, 260, 
263, 267, 268, 279, 286, 289, 298, 299, 
300, 316, 318, 333. 



Monies, to raise, 10, 11, 14, 18, 26, 27, 29, 30, 
38, 41, 57, 61, 64, 73, 94, 98, 105, 
124, 140,145, 146, 153,167,168,170, 
201, 213, 223, 224, 238, 249, 250, 318, 
319, 333, 334. 
for fire arms, 12. 

payment of bounties, 17, 18. 
of town treasurer, 26, 116, 117. 
for soldiers' families, 260. 
to raise for the poor, 29, 30, 98, 120, 

189, 190, 191, 242. 
provide flour and grain, 38, 41, 

44. 
due Capt. Amasa Davis from the 

town, 231. 

notes to issue, for loans of, 18, 27, 
38, 57, 61, 64, 98, 120, 140-41, 142, 
146, 150, 154, 165, 167, 168, 201, 
242. 

receipts for, 41. 
to draw on town treasurer for, 41, 

150, 239, 240. 
deposit with town treasurer, 42, 

116, 117, 140. 
expenditures of, granted by town, 

56. 

old, 197. 

received and paid into the treas- 
urer's, 116, 117, 118, 119. 
interest on, to overseers of the poor, 

176, 177, 201. 
paper, to exchange for silver, 

177. 

premium on, 181. 
advanced by Nathan Frazier, 199. 

be repaid, 180. 
Monopoly Act, 81. 
Mutton, 81, 102. 

(See also Provisions.) 

Naval strength of a nation linked with its 

commercial status, 215. 
Navies, foreign, 214. 
Neassity [Necessity?] (brigantinf.) , 92. 

(See also Ships, vessels, etc.) 
Neck, the, see Boston Neck. 
Negroes and mulattoes, 19, 25S. 
New Boston, see West Boston. 
England rum, 91. 

(See also Rum.) 
Colonies^lOl. 
Mills, see Mills. 

Newspapers, publishing in the, 24,71, 80, 81, 
97, 99, 144, 145, 147, 153, 250, 
252, 275, 279, 294, 307, 311, 
322 

Willis', 85. 

address to the Marquis Fay- 
ette and his re- 
ply, published 
in the several, 
218. 

Baron Viomenil, 
and his reply 
thereto, p u b- 
lished in the 
several, 279. 
New York, 38. 

North Battery, 136, 138, 149, 185, 188, 220. 
\ to sell, 189, 220. 

(See also Battery.) 
(See also Fortifications.) 
End, 55, 210. 
Mills, 203. 

(See also Mills.) 

Grammar School, 197, 223, 224, 233, 
234. 

(See also Schools.) 
square, 301, 302. 

(See also Streets.) 
writing school, 25, 223, 234. 
master of, 25, 223, 234. 
(See also Schools.) 



INDEX TO PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 



349 



Notes, interest, etc., 18, 27, 38, 57, 61, 64, 98, 
104, 114, 120, 140-41, 154, 166, 167, 
168, 224, 240, 242, 248, 249, 250, 252, 
264. 

for, given by town treasurer, 168, 
199, 250, 252. 

Oath of Fidelity, 34, 292. 

Oaths and subscriptions, 125, 172, 226, 243. 

Offices, incompatibility and exclusion from, 

127. 

qualifications for, 127. 
Oil. 215. 
Old Brick Meeting-house, 1, 2, 21, 48, 106, 

107, 126, 170, 171, 225, 290. 
(See also Meeting-houses.) 
North square, see North square. 
Oliver's dock, 301, 303, 325, 327, 329. 

(See also Whiirves.) 

Oration to he delivered in commemoration 

of the Boston massacre, March 5, 

1770, 1, 2, 47, 48, 49. 106, 107, 170, 

171, 172, 224, 225, 226, 289-90. 

copy of, to be furnished the Press, 

48, 107, 225. 
to be delivered at the Old Brick 

Meeting-house, 170, 171, 290. 
observance of an, to be superseded 
by the suitable observance of the 
anniversary of the Declaration of 
Independence, 291, 294, 295, 305. 
to be delivered on each succeeding 
anniversarv of the 4th of July, 305, 
322. 

choice of orator, 322. 
Overseers of the Poor see Poor. 

Painters, 79. 

(See also Trades.) 
Pamphlets, 95. 
Pavements, see Streets. 

Penalties or Fines, 3, 17, 59, 60, 118, 165, 169, 
174, 180, 181, 189, 195, 284, 288, 289, 302, 
303. 

Petition in case of Francis Johonnot, 33. 
of number of inhabitants, 76, 320. 
the several butchers, 81. 
Gustavus Fellows, 158, 159, 160. 
Capt. Bradford, 181, 183. 
Mr. Krazier, 192. 
collectors of taxes, 197, 198, 199. 
Jonas Welch, 203. 
Robert Patterson, 226. 
Paul Farmer, 231, 239. 
Amasa Davis, 231, 239, 240. 
the town of Chelsea, 324. 
Pewterers, 79. 

(See also Trades.) 
Philadelphia, 177. 

congress in session at, 137. 
Physicians, 9, 15, 16, 323. 

names of, 324. 
Pickled meat or wet provisions, sale of, in 

market, prohibited, 320. 
Pitch, 79. 

Poor, overseers of the, 3, 29, 54, 57, 68, 98, 
110, 119, 120, 149, 
173, 176, 189, 190, 
191, 201, 205, 239, 
242, 251, 258, 300, 
375. 
choice of, 3, 50, 110, 

227, 292. 

accounts of ,to audit, 
7, 53, 114, 177, 
230,231, 300. 
drafts of, 201, 202, 
213, 230, 242, 250, 
251, 315, 318. 
medicines, 9. 
physicians, 19. 

supplies for, 29, 30, 43, 54, 55, 57, 98, 
149, 189, 191, 205, 212, 242, 249, 258. 
Pork, 10. 



Port Bill, the, 243. 

(See alxo Bills.) 
Post and irons, 330, 333. 
Powder, see Arms and Ammunition. 
Premiums, see Taxes. 
Press, liberty of the, 128. 
Price of labor, 79, 80. 
vegetables, 81. 
merchandise, 84, 96. 
wood, 94. 
breadstuffs, 96. 
country produce, 96. 
European goods, etc., 98, 99, 100. 
Printers, 79, 275. 

(See also Trades.) 
Printing, notifications, 62, 274, 275. 

names of persons inimical to the 

cause of America, 71. 
of persons violating laws 
relative to sale of pro- 
visions, 80. 

prices of provisions, 81. 
votes of town relative to sale 

of wood, 96. 

names of persons violating regula- 
tions of the town, 97. 
oration commemorative of the 
massacre of March 5, 1770, 48, 
107. 

of blanks for town treasurer, 147. 
Prisoners of war at large, 70, 71, 72, 75. 

escape of, 157. 

Privateers, see Ships, vessels, etc. 
Produce, country, 88. 
Provisions, 302. 

high price of, 8, 9, 13, 25, 31, 58, 
71, 102, 211, 215. 
reports concern- 
ing, 9, 13. 

for families of non-commis- 
sioned officers and soldiers, 
10, 124. 

for the poor, 29, 30. 
additional allowance to school- 
masters because of high price 
of, 31. 
wet, 320. 

to sell in small quantities, 38. 
committee appointed to pur- 
chase, 41, 42, 88, 89. 
vegetables to furnish the inhab- 
itants, 58, 60, 81, 114, 115, 118, 
119, 120. 
at extortionate rates, sale of, to 

prevent, 80, 81. 

violation of laws relative to sale 
of, to punish, 80, 87. 

Erice of, 81. 
utchers' meat, 81. 
forestalling of, 87. 
beef, 10, 81, 102, 152, 153, 157, 
165, 166, 167, 204, 205, 206, 207, 
208, 209, 242, 249, 253. 

Queen street, 25, 198, 223, 234, 321. 
(See also Streets, etc.) 

Rate bills, see Taxes. 

Reading, 97. 

Real estate, condition of the town's, 155. 

(See also Taxes.) 
Receipts for monies, 41, 67, 121, 123, 168, 256, 

334. 

(See also Monies.) 
Records, town, 26, 32, 60, 98, 116, 117, 144. 

of committees appointed to pur- 
chase grain and other necessities 
for the town, 42. 
county, 116, 117. 
state, 116, 117. 
Recruits for the army, 217. 

to procure, 144, 145. 
Refuse on the streets, 115, 120. 
(See also Streets.) 



350 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 



Regiments, see Troops. 
Register, county, 174, 175. 
Renegades, 27, 28, 32, 33, 34, 35, 85. 
return of, 32. 
exclusion act, 32, 306, 307. 

breach of, 32, 33, 

34, 35. 

Rents, leases, etc., 26, 68, 203. 
Reports of committees, 1, 2, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 
17, 18, 19, 28, 31, 
32, S5, 38, 41, 44, 
45, 46, 53, 55, 57, 
60, 63, 65, 69, 70, 
71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 
76, 77, 78, 80, 85, 
87, 89, 91, 92, 98, 
99, 100, 103, 104, 
106, 107, 116, 117, 
118, 119, 123, 130- 
35, 137, 140, 144, 
147, 148, 159, 160, 
161, 163, 165, 169, 
179, 180, 182, 183, 
188, 189, 190, 195, 
199, 200, 201, 202, 
203, 204, 206, 210, 
211, 213, 217, 221, 
222, 223, 224, 235, 
237-38, 241, 243, 
244, 252, 254, 255, 
256, 259, 260, 263, 
265, 269, 270, 276, 
280, 286, 287, 288, 
289, 290, 301-304, 
305, 307, 310, 312, 
315, 316, 317, 326, 
327, 328, 329, 330, 
331, 334. 
of town treasurer, 

26. 

selectmen, 15. 
Representation, rights of, 23. . 

equality of, 66. 

(See also Form of Government, etc.) 
Representatives, 197, 198, 214, 219, 248, 254, 

273. 
house of, 7, 8, 13, 126, 280, 

319. 
speaker of the, 

319. 
chamber, 161, 163, 212, 227, 

232, 253, 269. 
choice of, 18, 24, 61, 62, 63, 

135, 137, 138, 152,196, 200, 
246, 247, 254, 256, 257, 258, 
309, 312, 319. 

names of, and number of 
votes received, 18, 62, 

136, 137, 196, 247. 
instructions to, 19, 20, 21, 

22, 23, 28, 64, 65, 66, 67, 
131-35, 138, 153, 155, 156, 
157, 214-17, 259, 260, 310, 
312-15. 

memorial to, 19, 20. 
instructed as to return of 
renegades to the town, 
28. 
Resolutions framed against illicit trade with 

Great Britain, 273-274, 275. 
Rhode Island, 26 , 27. 
Rice, 10, 38. 
Ropewalkers, 79. 

(See also Trades.) 
Roxbury, 45, 56, 57, 77, 166. 
selectmen of, 77. 
Rum, 44, 89, 92, 101. 

New England, 91. 
Rye meal, see Breadstuffs. 
bread, see Breadstuffs. 

Safety, committee of, 4, 12, 35, 47, 49, 70, 71, 
72, 75, 



307. 



108, 109, 112, 116, 227, 228, 306, 



Safety, committee of, names of, 49, 50, 116, 

228. 

duties of, 306, 307. 
(See also Committees.) 

Salaries or Allowances, 8, 10, 21, 25, 32, 86, 
197-98, 220, 233, 
300. 

school-masters', 53, 
54, 69, 71, 102,104, 
123, 137, 146, 147, 
149, 164, 169, 178, 
208, 209, 211, 220, 
221, 222, 233, 286- 
87, 316, 318, 319, 
320. 

Mr. John Vinal, 223, 
224, 234, 286, 287, 
321. 

Mr. William Cros- 
well, 198,223, 
234. 

Samuel Hunt, 
25, 31, 35, 
71, 103, 
197, 223, 
233, 286, 
320. 
assistant of, 

104, 147. 

Samuel Hoi- 
brook, 25, 31, 

57, 71, 103. 
Aaron Smith, 

197. 

James Tileston, 
25, 31, 71, 103, 
223, 234, 320. 

John Tileston, 

58, 197, 234, 
286, 321. 

James Bently, 

ol 

James Carter, 
25, 31, 58, 71, 
103, 198, 223, 

233, 286, 320. 
William Bently, 

25, 35, 71, 103. 
David Jeffries, 

25, 210. 
Nathan Davis, 

223, 224, 233, 

234, 286, 287, 
320, 321. 

Paul Farmer, 

239. 

assessors, 31, 61, 68, 
72, 118, 148, 149, 
221, 325. 

town treasurer, 71, 
119, 149, 235, 318, 
319, 321, 331. 
measurers of wood, 

96. 

to officers, 116. 
Samuel Pay son (?), 

286, 321. 
town clerk, 149, 150, 

301, 318. 
collectors of taxes, 

240, 297, 298. 
watchmen of the 

town, 269, 318. 
Mr. Isaac Warren, 

286. 

Salem, 44, 333. 
Sales, etc., account of all, 92, 

to be furnished, 90. 
authorized, 189. 
of land, 311, 
Salt, 91, 92, 93, 101. 
Cadiz, 92. 
committee to receive and store, 95. 



INDEX TO PLACES AM> SIIUECTS. 



351 



Scavengers, 6, 52, 113, 175, 230, 296-97, 301, 

:-,02, 305, 308. 
instructions to the, 302. 
Schools : 

Xorth Grammar, 197, 223, 224, 233, 

286,287,320, 321. 
South Grammar, 25, 35, 103, 104, 

138, 147, 197, 220, 233, 236, 320. 
Xorth Latin, 55. 

master for, to ap- 
point, 55. 
writing : 

north, 25, 197, 198, 223, 
224, 286, 320 , 
321. 

master of, 25, 147. 
in Queen street, 26, 198, 
223,286,320. 
master of, 25. 
Latin taught in, 55. 
visitation of, 300. 

masters' salaries, 8, 10, 21, 25, 30, 
31, 32, 35, 54, 55, 69, 71, 
102, 103, 137, 146, 147, 
149, 164, 169, 178, 197, 
198, 208, 209, 211, 212, 
213, 221, 222, 223, 251, 
286, 287, 320, 321. 
petitions of, 57. ' 
just complaints of, 58. 
the common, 223, 224, 

'.NT, 321, 329. 
present arrangement of public 

schools, 220, 234, 235. 
south, 237. 
ushers, 25, 35, 69, 71. 

salaries of, 103, 104, 147, 

198, 223, 234, 286. 
bell for a school, 263. 
school-house, 115, 120, 123, 124, 
138, 164, 178, 179, 237, 238, 251, 
318, 320. 
visitors to, 233. 
Sea coasts, 119, 120. 

neglected, 157. 

Sealers of Leather, see Leather. 
Securities, 242, 327. 

Selectmen, 15, 20, 24, 30, 38, 43, 49, 56, 57, 63, 
68, 69, 72, 81, 82, 84, 86, 93, 96, 
97, 99, 120, 135, 137, 138, 140, 
148, 149, 152, 153, 157, 165, 176, 
177, 181, 188, 189, 193, 196, 198, 
200, 201, 203, 209, 210, 211, 213, 
221, 222, 223, 225, 226, 227,237, , 
239, 240, 243, 246, 247, 251, 253, i 
254, 256, 257, 258, 259, 260, 263, 
280, 286, 289, 290, 294, 298, 299, 
300, 310, 311, 312, 322, 325, 326, 
327, 328, 330, 334. 
number of, to augment, 112. 
choice of, 3, 21, 49, 108, 172, 292. 
drafts of the, 177, 201, 231, 250, 

251, 315, 318, 331. 
to lay out certain lands into lots 

of sixty feet each, 311. 
of Koxbury, 77. 

Selectmen's chamber, 144, 163, 266. 
Senate, the, 280. 
Senators, election of, 129,131, 150, 151, 152, 

193, 194, 200, 244, 245, 307, 320. 
Sextons, 184, 

(See also Burial places.) 
Sheep, 91. 
Ships, vessels, etc., 93, 95, 96, 213, 215, 264, 

274. 

cargoes, 93, 95, 213. 
men-of-war, 20. 
privateers, 20, 216, 274. 
coasters, 38, 84. 
masters of, 77. 
building, 215. 
carpenters, 79, 215. 
riggers, 79, 215. 
joiners, 79, 215. 



Ships, block makers, 79, 210. 
boat-builders, 79, 215. 
sail-makers, 79, 215. 
yeassity ( yecessity t ) 92. 
owners of, 96. 
hospital boat, 258. 
Shoes, 30, 140, 164, 165, 279, 280, 288. 

(See also Continental Army.) 
Shops or stalls in various parts of the town, 
for supplying inhabitants with 
butchers' meat, 81. 
shop-keepers, 90, 92, 99. 
Silver, 214. 

Slaughter houses, 81, 90. 
Small-pox, 9, 10, 14, 15, 323. 
spread of, 15. 

further, 15. 
innoculation for, 9, 15, 16. 

(.^te also Diseases, infectious.) 
Soap-boilers, 76. 

(See also Trades.) 
Soldiers, see Troops. 
South Battery, 153, 155. 

(See also Battery.) 
End, 55, 75, 120, 210. 

school at, 120, 123, 124, 138, 164, 

178, 179, 238. 

South grammar school, 25, 35, 103, 104, 223. 
master of, 25, 223. 
usher of, 35, 103, 

104. 

(See also Schools.) 
Southern States, embargo on flour and 

bread corn in the, 39. 
Speech, freedom of, to secure, 127, 132. 

liberty of, and of the Press, 128, 
132. 
abuse of, 

132. 
of Governor Livingstone, relative 

to return of renegades, 28. 
State artillery service, 77. 

(See also Troops.) 
Convention, 81. 

to call. 63, 66. 

House, 86, 152, 106, 216, 309, 330. 
hospital, see Hospital. 
Secretary of, 151. 
street, 303. 

(See also Streets.) 
tax, 8, 250. 

(See alao Taxes.) 
treasury, 8. 

Statistics as to non-commissioned officers 
and soldiers of the Continental Army, 11. 
Staves, Ki-e Wood. 
Stockings, 30, 140, 164, 165. 

(See also Continental Army.) 
Stores, military, 220. 
Stoughton, 17. 
Streets, highways and byways : 

surveyors of highways, 6, 112, 178, 

231. 

to patrol, 274. 
refuse on, 115, 120. 

to rake up and collect, 120. 
leading to the North Mills, 203. 
repairing of, 221, 251, 268, 318. 
tax raised for, 235. 
paving of, 221. 
encroachments on, 294, 302, 303,304, 

311,331. 
Queen, Dock square, Common, 

North square, Water, State. 
Subscriptions, 9, 18, 26, 27, 38, 41, 42, 43, 74, 
75, 94, 98, 99, 101, 102, 104, 105, 125, 
140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 154, 157, 
190, 191. 
Suffolk, County of, 150, 151, 193, 244, 245, 

307, 308. ' 
Sugar, 38, 44, 79, 89, 90, 101. 

bakers, 90. 

Sureties, bonds to be given as, 67, 68, 119, 
232, 234, 243, 251, 298. 



352 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 



Sureties to be put in suit, 201, 240, 251,253, 

265. 

Surveyors of Boards, see Wood. 
Hemp, see Hemp. 
Highways, see Streets, high- 
ways. 
Wheat, tee Breadstuff s. 

Tailors, 79. 

(See also Trades.) 
Tallow Chandlers, 76. 
(See also Trades.) 
Tanners, 76, 79. 

(See also Trades.) 
Tar, 79. 
Taxes, 253, 254, 255, 261, 264, 265, 266, 267, 

287. 

collectors of, 3, 26, 30, 53, 55, 61, 67, 
68,112, 116, 117, 121, 
122, 142, 143, 144, 148, 
155, 163, 164, 166, 167, 
168,174,176,179, 183, 
189,197,199,200,201, 
202, 206, 208, 209, 212, 
215,231,233,235,238, 
242, 243, 249, 250, 251, 
252,253,254,255,256, 
260, 261, 262, 264, 267, 
268. 
premiums, 8, 55, 61, 68, 

119,248,316,318. 
choice of, 3, 7, 112, 113, 
116,117,119,174, 186, 
227, 240, 261, 262, 264, 
2S7, 295, 297. 
allowance to, 68, 108, 

118, 240. 
petition of, 197, 198, 

199. 

abatement of, 7, 10, 26, 53, 54, 68, 114, 
117,121, 123, 183, 197, 198, 237, 248, 
249, 251, 253, 254, 262, 287, 297, 298, 
316, 318. 

tax to raise to defray expenses of the 
town, 8, 10, 26, 73, 105, 120, 140, 
141, 142, 143, 144, 146, 149, 153, 154, 
168, 182,201,211,213. 
lamp tax, 333. 
state tax, 8, 250, 260, 315. 
poll tax, 8, 10, 14, 18,26, 27, 57, 67, 73, 
105, 120, 124, 140, 142, 146, 149, 154, 
158, 182, 206, 207, 211, 235, 238, 255, 
261, 264, 319, 334. 

real estate, 10, 14, 18, 26, 27, 57,73, 105, 
120, 124, 140, 142, 146, 149, 154, 155, 
166, 182, 206, 207,211, 235, 238, 251, 
254, 255, 261, 264, 319, 334. 
commission, 121. 
method of levying more equitably, 56, 

60. 
rate bills, 67, 179, 183, 207, 237, 242, 

252. 
tax to raise to obtain supplies for the 

poor, 98, 120; 121, 190. 
of non-residents of the town, 157, 

198. 

residents not doing business, 169. 
beef, 166, 261,264. 
act relative to, 169. 
relative to present mode of assessing 

and collecting, 176, 179. 
state, county and town, 179, 182. 
one standard of taxation, 179, 182, 183. 
delinquents, 195, 212, 217, 262, 334. 
raised for repairs of streets, 235. 
lack of proper lists of rateable estates, 

265. 
list of persons and taxes not collected, 

to furnish, 287. 
Tea, 38, 101. 
Teamsters, 79, 82, 86. 

(See also Trades.) 
Tender Act (so-called), 177. 
(See also Act.) 



Thirteen States, the, confederation of, 216. 
Tinmen, 79. 

(See alxo Trades.) 
Titles to land, 56, 311, 314, 327. 

(See also Lands.) 
Town, cleansing of, 16. 

Clerk, 3, 47, 49, 60, 81, 85, 95, 96, 98, 
123, 125, 136, 142, 143, 144, 
149, 153, 159, 167, 184, 190, 
199, 206, 219, 244, 247, 251, 
253, 272, 274, 279, 291, 292, 
299, 301, 318. 
pro tern., 86, 87. 
choice of, 107, 172, 226. 
to furnish the Representa- 
tives with attested copy of 
town's resolution relative 
to return of renegades, 
28. 

attested memorial and address 

to the Major-General and 

Commander of the army, 

40. 

to have 150 votes relative to 

wood printed, 96. 
salary of, 149-50. 
copy of testimonial to present 
to John Hancock, Esq., 155. 
to furnish assessors with at- 
tested copies of vote, 199. 
to have address to the Mar- 
quis Fayette and his re- 
ply published in the several 
newspapers, 218. 
cryer, 144, 184. 
debit and credit of the, 7, 53, 114, 177, 

181, 182, 201, 248, 249, 298. 
dock, 46, 305. 

abutterson, 311, 314,316, 317, 

318, 326, 327. 
to fill up, 311. 
expenses of, to defray, 8, 10, 11, 148, 

149, 201. 
house, 61, 135. 

land, raising- of vegetables upon, 00, 
114, 115, 118, 178, 180. 

lamps to be again lit up, 327, 330. 

meetings, 1,2, 3, 7,8,9,11,12, 13,14, 
15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 26, 27, 
28, 30, 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 39, 43, 44, 
47, 48, 49, 51, 54, 56, 57, 58, 59, 61, 
62, 63, 65, 67, 68, 69, 70, 72, 73, 74, 
75,76,77,80, 82, 83,84, 85,86, 87, 
89, 90, 91, 93, 94, 95, 97, 99, 100, 101 , 
102, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 111, 
113, 115, 118, 120, 122, 124, 125, 135, 

150, 152, 153, 155, 156, 158, 160, 165, 
169, 170, 172, 192, 200, 204, 211, 218, 
219, 224, 226, 227, 22S, 241, 242, 244, 
246, 261, 265, 267, 270, 273, 275, 276, 
277, 289, 291, 307, 309, 319, 321, 323, 
325. 

officers, 126, 251, 299, 301. 

choice of, 3-6, 7, 49, 108, 109, 
110, 111, 112, 128, 172-75, 
177, 178, 180, 184, 185, 186, 
187, 193, 226-233, 292-293, 
295-301, 329. 
time of service of, to limit, 

126. 

quota of men called for, from the, 
for the continental army, 19, 140, 
156, 160, 161, 163, 170, 191, 194, 195, 
196, 198, 204, 205, 206, 209, 235, 236, 
238, 241, 243, 244, 268, 269. 
statistics of, 194. 
arms assigned to, 59, 231. 
proportion of fines, 174, 176, 180, 181, 

189, 195. 

quota of supplies for the army, 249. 
records, 26, 32, 60, 73, 98, 116, 117, 

144,317. 
resolves, 92, 99. 
(See also Laws.) 



INDEX TO PLACES AND SUBJECTS. 



353 



Town treasurer, 4, 7, 14, 18, 25, 51, 57, 64, 
68, 69, 71, 86, 105,106, 112, 
113, 118, 119, 140, 146, 147, 
153, 154, 164, 166,167, 168, 
176, 177, 180, 181, 182, 187, 
188, 189, 190, 195, 199, 201, 
202, 206, 208, 221, 222, 232, 
234, 235, 237, 239, 240, 242, 
252, 265, 269, 286, 287, 293- 
94, 298, 300, 316, 321, 331, 
333. 

allowance to, 71, 119. 
books of, 26, 116, 118, 223, 

248, 256, 315, 316, 318. 
to receive subscriptions, 38, 

41. 

to issue negotiable notes, 
18, 27, 38, 57, 61, 64, 98, 
104, 105, 126, 141-42, 146, 
167, 168, 242, 252. 
monies to deposit with, 42. 
to draw on, for, 42, 
68, 69, 114, 124, 221, 
240. 
to open new set of books, 

201. 

resignation of, 227. 
choice of new, 227. 

bonds of 232, 234. 
thanks to old, for services, 

227. 
to supply with provisions, etc., 89, 

92, 93, 95. 
wood, 93, 96. 
grain, 101, 140. 
security of the, at night, measures 

for, 326, 327, 329. 
watch, 211, 221,222,274. 

(See also Watch.) 
Town's title to its real estate, 56. 
valuation, 180. 

(See also Lands.) 
Trade, 13, 214, 215, 323. 

decline of, 10, 215. 

illicit, 157,187,270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 

275. 

preservation of, 215, 314. 
income by, 264. 
Traders, 92, 94, 99. 

to furnish account of all sales, etc., 

90. 

to wait on, 90, 91. 
Trades : 

bakers, 35, 46, 92, 266, 26". 
butchers, 76, 81, 82. 
tanners, 76. 

leather dressers, 76, 79. 
tallow chandlers, 76. 
soap boilers, 76. 
ship-carpenters, 79, 215. 
carpenters, 79. 
caulkers, 79, 215. 
riggers, 78, 215. 
ship joiners, 79, 215. 
housewrights, 79. 
masons, 79. 
blacksmiths, 79. 
block makers, 79, 215. 
carvers. 79. 
cabinet-makers, 79. 
pewterers, 79. 
printers, 79- 
ropemakers, 79. 
boat builders, 79, 215. 
coopers, 79. 
cordwainers, 79. 
tinmen, 79. 
sailmakers, 79, 215. 
tanners, 79. 
hatters, 79. 87, 97. 
barbers, 79. 
hair dressers, 79. 
tailors, 79. 
painters, 79. 



Trades : 

truckmen, 79. 
farriers, 79. 
glaziers, 79. 
card makers, 79. 
hucksters, 80. 
fishmongers, 80. 
goldsmiths, 80. 
teamsters, 82, 86. 
sugar bakers, 90. 
Traitors, xee Renegades. 
Treasurer, town, see Town. 

county, 6, 51, 110, 113, 116, 117, 

118, 174, 175, 227, 237, 294. 
state, 67, 113, 116, 117, 118, 122, 

199. 237. 
Treasury, state, 8, 55, 67, 116, 117, 118, 121, 

123, 157, 249, 269. 

town, 53, 55, 116, 117, 118, 121, 123, 
140, 165, 166, 211, 213, 231, 235, 
238, 240, 248, 250, 259, 298. 
county, 53, 55, 116, 117, 118, 121, 

298. 

Treaty of Peace, 214, 216, 217, 219. 
Troops, 1, 2, 19, 106, 107, 108, 140, 170, 171, 

258, 259, 276, 278, 289-90. 
soldiers' families, to provide for, 

8, 10, 11, 14, 68, 115, 124, 249. 
names of non-commissioned officers 

and soldiers to ascertain, 11. 
statistics of, 11, 19. 
Col. Craft's Regiment, 15. 
Boston Regiment, 16, 141, 171, 172, 

328. 

Twenty-ninth regiment, 1, 2, 47, 48, 
49, 106, 107, 108, 170, 224, 225, 226, 
290, 291. 

drafting of men, 16. 
state artillery, 77. 
illegal inlisting of, 238-39, 241. 
Truckmen, 79. 

(See also Trades.) 
Turk's Island, 92. 

(See also Islands.) 
Turpentine, 79. 
Twenty-ninth regiment, 1, 2, 47, 48, 49, 108, 

107, 108, 170. 
(See also Troops.) 

United States, 216, 275, 276, 278, 279. 

Valuation of the town, 180. 

Vegetables, 58, 60, 81, 114, 115, 118, 119, 120, 

178, 180, 181, 301, 302, 313. 
Visitation of schools, 300. 
Votes, certain, 179, 182, 183, 185, 186, 199, 

246, 309. 
for Governor, Lieut. -Governor, and 

six Senators, 245, 307, 308. 
question of validity of, for seven rep- 
resentatives, 246. 

War, prisoners of, at large, 70, 71, 72. 

escape of, 157. 
money to raise to carry on the, 140-41, 

142, 145, 146, 154. 
heavy taxation in order to carry on, 

179. 
importations and exportations during 

the, 214, 215, 216. 
board of, 29, 32, 33, 231, 244, 326. 

certain demands of, against the 

town, 326, 327, 328. 
expenditures owing to the, 249. 
committee to inquire into, 249. 
statistics, 249. 
Wardens, 241, 281, 282, 283. 

choice of, 3, 4, 7, 14, 50, 54, 109, 
173, 17J, 178, 184, 185, 237, 238, 
277, 292-93, 294. 
excused from service, 13, 109, 122, 

178. 

not to be, 
116. 



354 



CITY DOCUMENT No. 80. 



Wards or Precincts, 10, 22, 30, 74, 75, 78, 82, 
105, 140, 161, 162, 163, 
165, 166, 190, 191, 266, 
267, 268, 269, 288, 301, 
305. 

quantity of flour and 
other necessities in the 
different, 36, 37, 38. 
taxes to collect in the, 
67, 140, 143, 145, 182, 
266. 

military, 179, 182. 
subscriptions for the 
poor, to be raised in 
the, 190, 191, 205. 

Warrants, 1, 3, 8, 11, 14, 16, 18, 19, 21, 24,26, 
27, 28, 29, 30, 36, 42, 45, 46, 47, 49, 54, 55, 
56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 67, 69, 
70, 72, 73, 82, 84, 86, 87, 96, 98, 99, 102, 
103, 104, 105, 106, 108, 115, 120, 122, 124, 
125, 135, 136, 137, 138, 144, 150, 152, 155, 
157, 158, 160, 164, 165, 166, 169, 170, 172, 
178, 180, 181, 185, 187, 192, 194, 195, 196, 
197, 200, 203, 204, 205, 206, 208, 209, 211, 
212, 221, 224, 226, 228, 231, 235, 236, 244, 
246, 247, 248, 255, 261, 265, 266, 267, 268, 
269, 270, 2, 276, 277, 279, 286, 287, 289, 
292, 294, 298, 299, 300, 301, 307, 309, 310, 
311, 316, 319, 320, 321, 323, 325, 326, 327, 
328, 329, 330, 331, 332. 
Waste land, see Lands. 

Watch, 143, 144, 153, 155, 163, 174, 175, 176, 
179, 183, 184, 186, 188, 189, 191, 192, 
198, 203, 210, 227, 229, 233, 239, 251. 
constables of, 22, 53, 59, 73, 97, 105, 
112, 116, 118, 120, 121, 123, 124, 136, 
241, 242, 243, 293, 299, 301, 305, 306, 
309, 320, 329, 330. 
at New Boston, 106. 

to reinstate, 106. 
fuel and candles for, 330. 

Eayment of, 210, 269, 330. 
ouses, 329, 330, 332. 
town. 211, 221, 222, 274. 
additional, 327, 332. 
Water street, 303. 

(See also Streets.) 
Ways and Means, Committee on, 180. 

to appoint, 
176, 182, 
185. 
duties of, 

176. 
West Boston, 15. 

hospital at, 15. 

waste land at, 60. 

watch at, 106. 

town's land at, 96, 118, 180, 

181. 
India goods, 79, 101 . 

importations, 215. 



West Indies, 78, 323. 

(See also Islands.) 
Weymouth, 93, 94. 
Wharves, 37, 93. 

wharfingers to report amount of 
wood on their re- 
spective, 37. 
orders to, 85. 
report of, 38. 
prices allowed, 79. 
cording, 79. 
sealing, 79. 
carrying off wood, 

79. 

Oliver's dock, 301, 303, 325, 329. 
Curtis' wharf, 310. 
Bell's, 92. 

Wheat, see Breadstuff's. 
Will of the late Justice Pemberton, relative 

to the, 189. 
Willis's Paper, 85. 

(See also Newspapers.) 
Wine, 98. 100. 
Winnisimit Ferry, to repair, 72. 

(See also Ferries.) 
Wood, 82, 97, 302, 303. 

to provide for families of non-com, 
missioned officers and soldiers, 10. 
surveyors or sealers or measurers of, 
5, 11, 94, 96, 99, 110, 111, 
229, 232. 
allowance to, 96. 
to provide for the poor, 29. 
wharfingers to report quantity, on 

wharves, 37. 
report of, 38. 
market for, 301 
cord, 38, 85, 86. 
boards, surveyors of, 51, 111, 136, 

174, 178, 130, 295, 296, 301. 
staves, 215. 

cullers of, 52, 111, 175, 230, 

296, 329. 

fire, 84, 85, 93, 94. 
to measure, 86, 96. 
sale of, to limit, 86. 
town to supply with fire-wood, 93, 

96. 

price of, 94. 

to limit supply of, 86, 96. 
votes relative to sale of, to print, 

96. 

building with, 325. 
Workhouse, the, 115, 119, 120. 
sum to order, 119. 

(See also Almshouse.) 
Writing schools, see Schools. 
Writs, 127. 

of habeas corpus, 133. 
distress, 261. 






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